Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00162
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 8, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00162
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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'. JANUARY 1889. -:
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;- DACOSTA Proprietors.& roWERS J'.vIlIe, Fla, Timrsday, January 8, 1891. Whole No. 1145.i .Yo1.III l w'sBSII, xo.>-:. '



FOR SALE. GKOTB'-AJTO.OBCHII>Planting an Orange Grover-Anrgan1u.Uon.otOrange..BayersJEormed-- .FOREIGN GRAPE YINES.
.,One and one-half miles from Peru Fla.Cne- Sweet Pometoes and Pineapples;How to Transplant Trees; Sulphates rs.Ululates for Fruits;
-"-Bare the Timber; i .- *. '. 24 Chas.la. Lnttichan, best and by week
half mite from Ala11a.rlJer' 110 bearing trees' TPE> YnrETARD-Frdzen Grapevines; Grape Rot and Mildew; . '"*' .' 25"ruutxa the earliest market In'Florida. .
In first-class condition, 15 to, 18 years 'old. LID TRUCXEa-.Cassara Notes; Tobacco In Dural County Cowpeas as a Money Crop; grape

Good water,healthy locality., Tract containing LIvE STOCK: -Milk Fever-Retention of Placenta; That Fine Colt;" f . 27 Write for Catalogue.H. .

70 acres Address, P. M., Peru, Fla. POULTRY-Hens Not Laying; '27 VON LUTTICHATJ "-,

rrcRXAL-Pabllcatlons Received; Note; Tobacco; Reduced Railroad Rates; The Flortdlan's. 12-4-it Earl t :JTa
,.. Double Opportunity; '. .23
TJARMERS! The Boom and the Dleback; Citrus Fruits In the North; 39 '

The Markets; . .. '.. 29 ]R S LI E ORANGENURSERY.
j'Moon's GAUDS AID LA ww-Some Troublesome' Florida Weeds, with Methods of Eradication-No.5; ELL 1 : .
Patent Plow-Colter and Gauge beats Hibiscus SaodarUCa; Gambler A Good Tree for Florida; ,. .X30 .- '
the world. Adjnstlble to 'any Plow, on. or Oua'RcxAi., HOHB-Consult Your Wife; How the Untidy Housekeeper, Develop' Bacteria;Clean:;;-::. Only 300)yards from depot.) _
,two.hors*: Haves 20 percent, in labor for Newspapers Wanted; Whitening and Softening the Skin; .: ', 31--- ThOUA&Dcb'oflweet: seedlings' two to fin'years
man and beast,and enables yon to turn any old, from seed directly from the tamous.Tnek
FAKMTM : Year 'Hm"
Tn Auuufcs"New Resolutions "Small Potatoes and Few ins Burn Out
kind of grass,vines or weeds completely out ; .; eroye. Splendid selection of budded trees, thorn-"
Your Stumps Mortgages (82
ot sight. GUAKAKTEED.: Bend for circular. ; l,851IOOHJ&lesi ; less and otherwise. Maltese Oral:Med.Sweet.J...
The Ennobling of SHYer Real Estate Banks; Sub-Treasury Bill and Income Tax: Inter-State
,MOON COLTER MFG. CO.. Railroad Commission; .. .33 Sweet Washington Karel Tangerine Peerless, Rarmood
Agents wanted. Huntsvllle, ta. Government and the Telegraph. ;A Demand for More Silver How Shall the Farmers Use Their and others. The last named. Is a, new aDd
splendid variety, early and sweet. Our prices SM
,Victory 3&
the lowest.
Bless Her Brlgt Eyes'; Relative Values'of Feeding Stuffs;Kerosene for Hog Cholera; 35 Try'us and yon will purchase.;
Address, J.C.BUHNER.!: 1Ia1
BLAKE: &: RIPLEY' :, Questions and Replies; '. ." ,. ., 36 Care E.A.PABJU,JUlsnlle,'Pasco Co. ttt ,


: '


application.Catalogues;: of weekly sales furnishedon y ey are, the best., They are grown for use in the South.T FLORIDA :FRUIT EXCHANGW &

he are adapted to our Florida soil and climate., Give, them a' 4)U( ,1) Oom mission, Fruits, and Vegetable,.

w AS. SAITTA, SON & CO., trial. Our new:catalogue for ..189091Viti be sent pn application. Prompt returns. Stencils on application
J 159 South Water Street Chleagft.
. MERCHANTS. Seedsmen and, Florists. Intrelachen Fla.
Agents for Georgia Carolina and,Missouri }.I. BURROWS & CO.
melon.. 300 can received yearly. Leaden
in Bananas and Florida Oranges. Consignments FALL AND WINTER SEASON 1890 AND 1891. FRUIT COMMISSION MERCHANTS i
solicited and best returns.
Quickest E.T.PAINE., J. OVERTON PAINE For the sale of Oranges,Lemons and Bananas,
References: Whole fruit trade, Masonic
Pittsburgh, Pa,9X1 to 934 Liberty avenue. Ample storage and refrigerators. Cor

Washington New York,street.N. Y., 88 Park Place and 258 '* FLORIDA. respondence References-Mercantile solicited. National Stencils Ban.twmJI4 furnished. ,

Philadelphia, Pa., Jas. Baltta, 11 and 13 Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus' of the F. C.' A P. R. R., wards Co., Wholesale Orocert; Child.Oroff ft Ox,'
Dock street.POMONA. St.Johns River, East Jacksonville. Wholesale Boots and Shoes; Bradstreets' and B:G.
Dun a eo.'. Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer* '
Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers.Wholesale Clereland.w '
*'i. BOEHMER &' CO., -
SERIES, dealers in and Importers all kinds,of Agricultural Chemicals.

MACCLENNY, BAKER CO., FLA. Send us your name and we will mall you from time to time much general Information' .
Liberty ,
regarding successful orange and vegetable culture In Florida.
Propagators of a general line of fruit trees adapted The Finest Recommendation to be Obtained in the State.-Florlda Experiment Station. Jas. P. Commission Merchants, Dealers Foreignand
to Florida and the Gulf States. 'Florida peach '
DePass Director.
and Oriental plum specialties. FUty varieties of Domestic Fruits. Oranges In car lota s1
peach and fifteen of plum. Peach on both peach LAKE CITT, FLA., Oct.29 1890. specialty. *
and Martanna plum roots. Apricots nectarines MESSRS. E.T. PAINE A SON. Dear Sirs-I have used your"Orange Tree Food"on my Consignments and correspondence solicited.:
i! almonds pecans. Jennlng's Florid apple; eta No grove for two years and my trees are growing. very finely.) It Is an excellent fertilizer and I Reference.German National Bank. i
agents employed. Correspondence solicited. can,'recommend it most MgMy. Yours truly, JAS. P. DEPASS. .....
* \ : TAXPA, FLA., Oct. 3>,1890. SHERMAN & CO.:, -
t GRAZING MUZZLE. MESSRS.E.T.PAINE & SON. Gentlemen-I am so far satisfied with the results obtainedby LW. BOSTON '
pATENT the use of your "Orange Food"- Fertilizer, of which I used over 60 tons the past season. ,.
My fruit Is very firm and heavy. Five years continuous use of this brand shows that it produces RECEIVERS OF FLORID '* FRUITS. ..
Allows stock of all kinds to graze and pre- -a thin ton skinned fruit, which carries market under average ronditlonrin excellent
References: FosteOviedoVFEaTT
tv'eentsbrowsing.. Trees-' and- shrubs, fully pro- shape. Not one bad order"report did I receive the past season. The wood growth Whitner Dr. Henry Fort'Reed'Fla. a
B. F. First
Capt. ,
obtained by the use of your fertilizer Is not as great as by some others, but Is HEALTHY and National Bank Sanford Fla.; '8.P. SMgh,
References..B.Hnbtard A Co., Jackson- ,CERTAIN. Yours_ truly, J. M. W.ATROUS.TJ3EL Lady Lake, Fla.; J. VRoberts i Orange

ville. Bend, Fla ; Dr. L, L. Newsom,Crescent 1',
Price,fL25 cash"- at factory.. S.4. V :E 'Y C> :3MCO3NTA .. :!. rBr Fla.: Fourth National Bank, Boston.; I3Harris .
MOREMKN A CO., A Co., Boston.
Switzerland, Flav bnYiu 11lIor LiDDiucoU, Pn 'p' "CULTURATORM : S. PALMER
: d UUi U J "VEGETATOR"Complete G ,
J.jE' H & SON 166 READE ST. NEW YORL d1!
; .
; Fertilizers for Vegetables; .and Fruit Trees. Analysis and prices upon application. '
W. BAKER'S ROTTED BONE MANURE Decomposed with Potash. |S5
GEO.. ; per Lemons and all other
Oranges, ,
for and
Bend samples.
Guaranteed Catalogue
PALATKA *LA. ton delivered. Analysis. Fruits and early truck, also, dr1 .tru1y. +1
?. BAKER BROS, Special_Agents, Palm Spring, Fla.. nuts furs,etc. '
Trees and Plants of all kinds, suited to this I LOW PRICES OIT TOBACCO STEMS IN'CAB LOTS. All consignments promptly remitted for.
climate. Camphor trees a specialty Also I Stencils and market reports furnished free.
,, References Bradstreets and established
Japan. Chestnuts, Pecans,and Japan Persimmons. EUSTIS NURSERIES, merchants and banks of tie South.

Euatis, Lake County, Fla., B. MAXFIELD & CO.,

ROOFING.GUM Offer for sal tor immediate planting J'I 75 77 PARK PLACE, NEW YORK.

0&17..00 per 100 TIO square ROOFING feet. Make FELT:a costs good :;A FINE STOCK OF ORANGE AND LEMON TREES Receivers of Fruit Florida and Oranges.Tangerines Lemons, ,Grape!,

roof SOT years, and anyone can put It on.-,bend' One ana two year buds; choicest. varieties,all grown on pine land. STRICTLY FANCY FRUIT,BOTH QUALITY
stamp for,sample and:full arttetll&r1. .. '. '*. .. ? AND PACKING IS OUR B BBT., ''
.,.-,, QUJC ELASTIO ROOFING CO.. My Nurseries war entirely) uninjured by the March froaja.;:; Plant now dvrtxigtiM rainylesson. 8tencU.tru'Dtahedfree.: '- --,..*&*
>88! A 41 West Broadway,New York. I' Write feI'peeI&l' rloea' :' R&t re Chatham National Bank N.Y.;
Jas.A. Harris Cltra, Fla.
Local Aajent. Wante4. Prompt returns on all conslgnaaenU.







-Y .


BOX: < :SIDES, Bangor(Eaton Extra Thick).................$5.00 per 100 Boxes. -=- _---- 1
II, car lots 4.75" INSECTICIDE--

Jp*vv;. | GumExtra.thlck. .), whole sides........:::::: 4.75" .

'S-fE '" ". car lots.... 4.50" II LIQUID-

BOX HEADS, Spruce and Florida Pine..... ....;....... 5.00" :

BOX HOOPS, Best :Birch.-;......... 400 per 100 Single barrel or less, 300 per' gal.
s ," car lots.............;.:. .....;.... 37 c per 100 gal.
Five barrels or more, 250 per
Mixed................................... 3oc per 100 '
"car lots................. ........ 22 P IL c per 100 POWDER- .
ORANGE WRAPS 9x9, 8c; 10x10, 9jzc5; nxu, nq 12x12, 130 per a-
Ream of 480 sheets. 10& 20 pound cans, 50 per pound.

LADDERS, Spruce Pine, Oak Rounds...........10 to 25 feet, 15 c per foot. MACHINERY. Nixon Nozzle and Machine
...........25 to 29 feet, 20 c per foot. SPRAYING
...........31 to 3 6 feet., 2 5 .c,per foot. Co., at from $10- to $70.-Clean your trees from scale by spraying wIththe

ORANGE .CLIPSi; ; Eureka at the beginning of the, growing season of January or February.

CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES, pure and dryi8.oo per ton. Send for circulars giving all the'requisite information
BERRY GROWERS' SUPPLIES. Standard and Gift Crates, Baskets,, Fla.
etc., as cheap as the cheapest j 'E. BE-A.J Jacksonville,


The" wic) riciA z> ij. pa-tob. :E..1n.e:
,With the Magnificent Connections. "

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.. S M

West and Tampa,and South Florida Hallway between Tampa and Sanford,a,F.A W.By.be
The attention of.shippers is directed to the Plant 8. 8. Line between Havana'Key Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Bteamihlp Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
twees Jaokaonyllle,Gainesyllle,Bainbridge, BiTer Junction'between and Savannah Savannah; and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and all
York and Merchants and Miners Transportation CompaP7
points*North and Northwest ,Be oelvers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled SOUTH BOt11fD.DRWe ,
Roars BOUWD. Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Balnbrldge
daily"that freight service for all points West via Albany-Jesup"Bainbrldge and Jesup and Savannah to all points in Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jack

SaTaBBAh. freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to. all Eastern,Interior and Bonvllle Four ships,Callahan a week"and by Live the fleet Oak.steamships of the Ocean Steamship.Company,sailing from
aid Coast points, including New. York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore;Washington- New York(New Pier 85,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,-Wednesday FrldayandFour
Provence Company,leaving Savannah Saturday. will leave Boston Jan. 8
oonnections a week tor New York via OceanlBteamshlp_ The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers talllea
,Fridays and 8atgrdays and 28 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock Savannah with
Mondays, Wednesdays; Inen'TraDaportaUon Com 12,16.20.24 1
and )[
Baltimore,via all in Florida.
week for freight trains
connections a
Two Jan. 10 20, 80 and
Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia
pony, -tag Savannah Steamship Company,leaving via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Boston via Boston and every five days from regular sailing day and
3an.1-9 Connection,1(,18,22',for 26 and Philadelphia 80. every ten days via .Ocean- Steamship Company,leavingBavannah Friday From, making Baltimore close via connection Merchants with and 8.,F.Miners&W.By.Transportation for all points Co.in Florida.every

Jan.15 and 25. '
r days for Steamships are subject to changewithout notice. stencils and shipping receipts apply to
Bailing North,Eaat and Welt to Florida. For full particulars,rates,
The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best freight route!from all points WM.P.HARDEE,Gen't Freight Agent,Savannah,ice

aayaceatfl of the above lines,or to Ga."W.M DAVIDSON, Genl Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla
GL-OWXNS,Trade Manager,Savanmah* J.E.DBATTOK, Agent, J.H.SnpuMfs,Agent,Jacksonville.
Gainesville.Fla" J.P.JOBDAV,T$v.Agent

, Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery JOHN CLARK, SONCO.,


; ,, IN-

Ragouts, Georgia Coal, Hay, Grain, lines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc

Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental trees, JACKSONVILLE, :FLA.
winter delivery an
Fall and
offer for
We originated in Florida i
etc. stilted te Florida. All the new Peaches lately
Roses,Palms, Greenhouse plants,etc. OF WHISKEY.
stock of ,Camellias, PRICE LIST
Also a superb have been Evergreens tested in Florida for th1rt7-tJ1reePears past. Catalogues free. ........ $1.75 J. H.rtlnVirginia _____f3.OO
Our products I Parker. ------ 2.00 Glades......____ 4.oo
No -Agents.! A. J. BRRQKMAN8, __ 2 60 Keat1lcky 8.111' Asash....._ 8.00Clifton
P. Corn
Ga. North:Curo-ina Club .____.__ Old Kalcer......:...____ bOp
BODtr..e _____$ .OO.
9 50c. 3 gallon 75c Remit by post eMoe
Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c., gallon ,
NURSERY order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O.D.to dry towns,
CLEAR ,, A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.

Cloak*Water arbor, 3QUllsi'bozo Oo.,DFla John Clark* Son & Co.
BROS' and Florists
DUNCAN Nurserymen

B Prultt re o&e haul*hundred Plants a full line,Ornamentals thousand of fine Citrus..t.TeeItB,- eta Oriental stook Everything. Deciduous Greenhouse for Florida.and Stocks shade Bend,Tropical harbors for IUaatrat&GEORGETOWN for and.prop Semi CUT WORlS I! ASSHOPPBRS! CiTEBfflJABS



DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshopper

-.'tX.O. OastANTEStlresals4ad : exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that
,; .,.ND ,
..... -- -- feed on and destroy the young vegetables and plants. Vegetable
... ". sri:I.-...-.,.;> ad.r IM-,sad oa good haal4hy I&OaD. and truck growers should investigate the merits of this

YrOO S&APH, sad. a geaasl uae a 5
"ALe. :JAPAN ; TB, wonderful preparation.

;.44 HTXMtMttaktetongurinioiTsi: JIJ i..-._." tR a. .. '" For general Information, prices, circulars, etc., address, ::""., "
: .. :tf.: r""" -' to .AP1.: Box: 2IS. J&OkloBTi4le,J"Ja.
', .weste rMeatloathipaper.): :'

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:,,92.00 -

;, lz:01le: and Orchard as may be''without danger- 'of molding. spade they need no particular fatten' PROTECTION AGAINST DROUT?.,
And when they are receive the boxes tion further.It .
..... should at once be opened and the'trees any .Where.a tree, is set high,%as above

Planting an Orange: Grove. be'' heeled out in a shady place and is difficult to over-estimate the I directed, it will,suffer in the i ,,customary -

This is one of the chief industries the'earth-washed in around the roots importance. of ,setting high in our spring,The autumn drouths unless
heavy sandy soils. It ought to be protected earth
pf Florida\ ,and yet instruction 'in its until every one is wet. : should.bedrawnup
,Where that sand weighs ;:more dishing ,around i it, covering the
elementary principles is not as( often trees,are close at hand,each cubic ;
given as it 'should. e.Ve have,a i one should be taken up with,a ball of per the' is feet than any other soil. If roots two or three, inches deeper: than
tree set low and the earth thrown
shifting 'population, many going,and earth, and to secure the cohesion of they are to be permanentlyand; in

coming,, and,the simplest facts:of gen the latter, if it is a dry time, saturate they carelessly are bent down down'and on the'will collar roots, this water should .be ,poured jn.suffir:
dent amounts
eral'acceptation ought to.be frequently the earth with water before moving go groy'elling'still' to J keep the.tree.full, pi"
d deepcrinto soil arid the .until ,
r presented to'the attention of the newcomers the tree. With a sharp, bright spade : sap the.summerrainyseasonle-, )
certainly come to grief. In gins. Then the
: at I least, if not to those of more cut a circle clear around the tree, the m n'may
"great freeze" of 85-6 certain be flattened out. If this ,
,experience. We shall offer two or slanting under somewhat. Then goaround
.. 'three. ,articles. of this sort, prepared second time with' the,spade trees in our own grove were, much, not made around the tree, it should!:
more injured than
others and
it was at least have ,
a good forkfulgftrulch '
and little. *
put of our own experience of six pry up a Let attendant
years two three before
':arid a considerable 'observation and gently pull the tree in' various directions years we could ing spread around it, whichju= ayre:
'' ; satisfy our curiosity as to the cause'of main until the frost'isexpected.
season wjien
we 'riope our readers will not. be slow and find out in which way it this ; ; ,
tocrificise: elaborate or supplement yields most readily.. Keep on:pulling apparent' caprice in the frost. The small.!! amountoffer-;
We are not yet certain whether we tilizer required by the ,tfic.first
'them, to the end that the greatest it down this way, and with' the spadecut have
discovered the cause, b twe: sprinkled: op.the mulching .
be under until the year may
good may accomplished for the horizontally taproot :
:greatest''number. and' laterals are'severed. Let found as'result of much searching and it, :will ,soon"rattle, down; ,and
that those trees'which suffered' in
most cultivating the prong-hoeshouldbe t
tree out with
come of
a pancake ;
TIME FOR; PLANTING. invariably had their roots deepest'' 'in struck., ;
earth ten'or' twelve inches thick and dowq through thejnulching I
Seedlings three'years ,from the,seed as heavy as a man can lift. If the' the soil, generally three or'four inches deep .ennncrh -rn ,stir' 'the soil .twdi:'or

or ,budded l trees one year from the tree is four or five old let down and 'with apparently' no feeding three inches. No amount of mulching -

bud, if they have made a vigorous: cake'be as large: as 'two years men can".Ii the ft. roots reaching up to the surface. will take the place of cultivation. -

growth, are ready to :be set in grove Do not allow the cake to lie on its Our theory for .phenomenon is .-,;.ED. ,I'

form: ; but two-y ear.old buds are still edge, which will break it down and this: The roots running deep in !the .

rbetier, because they have formeda; expose the fibrous roots, but keep',it soil absorb ,a cold, sour, unsunnedsap An Organization, of Orange Buyers, .
'larger :mass of fibrous.roots. Where in its natural position, lifting it by the ,which makes wood with,, large sap- :Formed. .'
a man -'can ,afford the and is cells
expense and of a 'watery, unsubstantial
tree itself. Place it on a stone-boat and--Fruit-Grower "
unwilling to wait so many-years as character, .more vulnerable to the
or sledge, 'as many as a horse' can action On Christmas, day:an organization< ,
these small trees will require to of
come than
frost wood
drag. When' the hole formed' by the ,
conveyed Orange Buyers' Protective,Assod-
into i
bearing, he can readily\ :move, lift it 'off the same way it was liftedon roots running near the surface. Sap ation, was formed in Tampa. z Itwas
'.for short I distances, trees that are collected the surface is doubtless
nearer ,
-by taking. hold of the tree itself. my.good fortune tobe, on hand, andit
seven eight or even nine'years old richer
watery than that whichis is 'the of-,this
.and.make them do well. MOVING, LARGER ES., absorbed deeper down because -purpose lettenfo urge
it the orange sellers to'stick the..closer
>Where trees have to. transported We have moved trees eight years is nearer to one great source of nitro- their '
to Union and the Fruit
long,distances and in large numbers old each with cake of I the '. ? -
a. earth weighing I! gen, atmosphere, and also because ,and, if they .confidence
and consequently arrive,with little or i' ISO to 200 pounds, and had them it receives more of the direct influenceof to the,Home Auction. I thinkit,will,

no;earth;on.'their foots, they ought to do excellently well, ,making ,shoots the sunshine. be a dark day for the when the

be planted in the fall and severely cut four to:six: feet long the next summer.In Observant men will have noticed Buyers Protective Association growers takes-
back. This gives them time to recover this,case a circle was cut ,around
that even .the, hardy water-oak and the field. I took the width and
from the shock and make a vigorous as above described a small excavationwas
other nativesof the Florida forestdofar breadth of these fellows and'set them
growth the following summer, as'a made under one side, the tree better set with theircollar'roots: down as model specimens of-the Much-

protection against scale insects, drouth gradually bent over and pried up, and nearly or quite their whole diameter i abused ''middlemen. These are,"-ihe
and frost., But where the trees are the end of the stone-boat
slipped under -
above the
surface. ,
An orange tree fellows 'who gallop over' the Iud: in
close at' hand we have found no trou- until the end was more than half planted\ too deep, in:spite of all the palace cars and wine' and dine ;land
-ble making them do well when re- way under. Then the tree was bent, cultivation it
fertilizingand may receive feast at fine hotels,and have,general
tmoved almost. any time ,except when over forward, the 'remaining roots wjll be slow to start in ,the ,"good time," and of,course somebody
they are in, the very act, of rapid severed and ,the horse started ,
r up. spring, and it will grow in unsymmetrical has ,to pay for all this. The wrong.
growth. Indeed, the time for: moving The stonerboat: was driven directlyover with +
" t fashion, only a manhas been at the wrong end for along
a young orange tree is of much less the hole, dug wide: and shallowfor few ,
CL )large sprouts (sometimes only I time, and old ideas,are supersededby
consequence than the manner of this purpose, and the tree was, one- which will ,be vrI$ery and will new ones, and after a''whUe ac-
doing, It. slipped I off just at the! right time to ,. victim ,
.. fall a to. frost.. 'tn Mnter._ ,0 to the poet's -prophecies/
MANNER OF REMOVAL. bring it' in'range -witn the,rows >both course: deep planting win h. ,not DC; fright will-be done, and" the truth ...will

'Ve ,believe there are, proportionately ways. T avoidedall, heavy lifting., fatal in,the friabe! soils of hammocksor s finally risea&ain. \A great'many people
fewer'i irresponsible tree peddlers The ,tree can be' 'puddled and churped in'situations r where"there is loose have,the idea that tnesalvatioa of

jn Florida than in the North, .and, 'that .'to. and fro in plenty of water and settled .- leaf mold as' in the almost ,pure Sandof the orange industry and, the bcstd4ys

our'nurserymen are generally honor firmly' into place so firmly that it, the piney woods but even there it ofi,the growers,will be when.:the.Fk>r*

able. Siill, if we'were-boutrto order will withstand a heavy wind with'outbeing is quite easy, to'plant them too deep.; ida, Fruit Exchange and the, Home

trees:"for: an -entire, >should : staked Auction and the Union
grove : It is very necessary in planting an : ,are no more.
certainly see the nursery they were to ,SETTING. orange tree in sand tosee': that the ,But I see no,other -way 'for success '

come from, and, if at ,all: possible, Where trees are:set without balls earth is'well tamped under. ,the roots these days than in organization.aad;

the ,trees,on their journey ,of earth 'their the latter operation. We must -
accompany, 0 on roots, ; as'Wcll! :as above' them. If the earth manage, -trans.
,to see that it was expeditiously,made... should be cut off smooth with a.knife; is-all cast on*top,of the roots and then Donation ,and effect distribution! !and

Orange trees,which,have;tobe, moved but .where:,they.,arc moved with abun' tramped tor.left to settle, the roots-will offer the fruit' to the world, at.the

without earth on the foots ought with dant earth-there is-little chance:the be bent!down and deflected from the highest,bid., It is.better,to",have.ome _

theleast passible delay'to; have-their roots:Becoming;doubled,up.in setting,' horizontalgrowthLwhichwthey: ,.ought !thousand?buyers: :before jour! oranges

":to&B swapped in damp moss-as damp and: if:they:.wereseveredwith: a,sharp to make.. .in thc.gieat.; ,cities, thati.tolbe




1 f





the leaves work only one season and.die, large tree can be moved, s.o. as to'' ory is used for ax and pick handles

These mercy'. fellows of one would man certainly at grove.have a and just the same'do they; fibers. :They carry with it a l large number of t tomparatively. and for buggy and wagon timbers dishes, etc.
is used fbr butter ,
do. One and vigorousroots Maple toys,
the leaves
them die annually just j as young
picnic if the field was open to handles and other things.I .
at the there usually follows the same awl many
this looking
how by ,
in see
aad they are going to get some may follows the removal of was in a butter.dish factory at
the last of fibers of an English ivy, a trumpet success as
licks for their side during where ,hands men
Anderson ,
season. Iearnestly vine or a poison vine,. by which they: younger trees.Sulphates 500
thus:and the first of next, *_._< women and children, were at work
entreat to stand,,'solidly ire:attached something to climb by. ,
you vs. Muriates for Fruit. turning out dishes by the, 100,000.
None of them are over a year
byfyonr own Q.rganizati.onfandf ;you and:dead fibers will into Instead of the kairiit and muriate of Ati I looked at this and other great
sell at #home get the. money;.in your: ''The living get into potash, we should use sulphate. We factories working up various )finds of
cleft rotten mortar, or a
fruit leaves i
pockets before" the ;;your' of dead wood and then instead ,consider either kainit or muriate of: timber into useful articles and giving
WM.P. : crevice ,
s ght_' NEELD. of an anuual fiber, it becomes a potash the least desirable form of pot- employment to so many people, I

.,.? .Plaellai: .!,, Fla.: root. 'We thus derive a ash for fruit crops.-FLORIDA Dis wondered why somebody don't start
;a. permanent
something of the kind in Florida.As .
,' and, Pineapples.Editor double lesson. First, that roots are PATCH.
f QweefPomeloa Firmer and Fralt Grower. annual, and second, 'that a fiber that If DISPATCH bases its,opinion on I was among the carpenters in the
number circumstanceshave facts in its possession, and not on mere towns' and found them working our
Mr. G. I. B., a would under ordinary
fruits theory or hearsay, the American fruit pine for flooring and finishing and
asks' information about' grape but,a year of life, becomes a permanent -
'' how to' protect, pineapples. I root, when circumstances I grower will,be very glad to learn ofthem.Philadelphia found they had paid $25 or $30 per
4and' Practical Farmer. thousand for it, I could not help feel-
of sampling than usual supply of nu-
lately 1 had opportunity: favor a more Florida
the-fruit,of thesweet pomelo, to'which .rition. The same process goes on We sent these items to Mr. E. S. ing indignant to think,that timber that in the

'you refer, and think, so highly' of it under ground as we see above. The Hubbard, who is one of the leading people were selling thousand. It'sa
woods for cents a
that I'would urge G. I. B. not to plant fibers all die before the twelve months authorities of Florida on commercial shame.40 People dQing that

'other. This pomelo originated in expire a few only becoming permanent burning
.any fertilizers, and he replied as follows: will live to see the time when they
between the whole mass. .
this vicinity and'Seems a cross roots among
will be for it. There, will be a
Editor Farmer and FruitOrowerThe sorry
'the''common pomelo and' the orange.,' Another point is worth remember- I facts'as to the action of kainit demand for this fine timber at good
"It is' somewhat, smaller the common branch and ,.
off place
If we cut a ,
ng. shown ', !
thinner and muriate of potash. as by priceslater on. .
varietythe peel it In water, it will draw in some 'water is sound alarm for
their an
absence trees and fruit when use com Now, I want to
and there seems an entire ind live for a while, but, unless it line.
of Florida in another
with that sulphates on the
which is pared pure people :
of 'tie it will not
fibrous roots
lends out new horse nettle
tard in devel weed called
ness There
'ordinary orange trees are, a a
found in' the 'Hiner'peel of the ive long. And just so with a tree. that is causing
of fruit and lack Solarium )
of maturity : (( Carojinense
:! The flavor is very fine, little moisture through opment
? take in
ft[ a in
f can of the finer qualities of flavor, a greater much trouble in Indiana, especially
being a combination of orange of old hard wooded roots,
he surface but
liability to rust: on the fruit and less Washington county. were
and- pomelo: It: is liked at'once )ut the roots have to make new active of foliage and vigor in the few when I lived there a boy. Nowit
,can'be eaten out of hand like an or- ibers before it can make much head. greenness One
mal-nutriUon and all the county.
is over
tree, showing meagre spread
I do
'i anger 1t'r quires no sugar. not indeed from the extreme
as is
vay. It, conversion and absorption of nitrates. old farmer told me he fought it for
know where trees'of this'variety can be 1 fibers ;
of active growing ,
vhite points allow togo
Besides the direct food they ;seven years and not any
:: Obtained at present, but understand :hat'the, tree derives its chief ,support. the mineral salts of fertilizers performan to seed, but it increased all the

they are being budded by tlutserymen''and The old fibers, moved with the trans- equally'impor ant function in fur time and he gave it up. It is troublesome -
trees will doubtless soon be offered panted tree,have but little vital pow. assim sometimes so
nishing bases for the fixing and 'in hay and oats,
"on the market. ere; They make the white grow is mineral it is hard to sell it at
.. ilation of nitrogen. Sulphur a. bad in hay that
I'have a patch of pineapple plantS: ing points only with difficulty, and chlorine is a gas. any price. I fear it will be spreadover

:.that,I have,carried safely through sev 'hence are of little value. The fibers When sulphur is separated from abase Florida in Northern hay. I

r yeral J.freezes, and it did not cost a cent that have.had vital power to go,beyond it is practically in an inert state, have been on, the look-out for it, but

in money to protect them. The shed their original annual condition and are but chlorine is the most powerful of have only seen it in 'one place, Pa-

is made of lightwood posts set 8xic destined to become the permanentroots { bleachers and antiseptics or microbe latka. If it should flourish ,here as

feet across them are laid cypress sap of the plant, are the ones the treeplanter ,calamity to
; killers. When separated from..a base there it would be a great
r,lings and'on them old slats and pick should desire. And; these are it must immediately find another opass have it spread over the State. The

1 etefrom a rotted down fence. The of value in proportion to' their growth through the soil by leaching or sandspur is not a circumstance to

:slats are.excellent for this purpose, being and;vigor. If a mere annual fiber i is: evaporation as a solution in water, fight compared with it. It grows

'thin and very light. During win of little value, so also are of little The chlorides of lime and magnesia; (From one to two feet high, stems 'and

4 ter they are laid close together, but value old coarse hard wooded roots! are very injurious to plant growth.. leaves full of sharp spines. It has a

when, all danger of'frost is past each that are also sluggish,as regards vital These are the extreme facts. Mangy} yellow, nearly'round berry half inch in
alternate slat is removed, giving partial energy. If a planter can get a tree grains, grasses and vegetables came diameter. Horses ''will eat this and
shade during summer. If slats! with a large 'portion of ,real roots of! its
originally from saline soils and are not I spread the seeds, whence name.
'cannot'be' obtained palmetto leaves two, three or four years old, removalhas I affected by chlorine. F. TRUEBLOOD.

will do as well. C. P. F. the almost absolute certainty oi E. S. HUBBAUD.t Archer,Fla.HOciSFORO'S. .

' : Glen Ethel,Orange county Fla. success. (?"
ederal Point, Via Dee 31,18SO.
:: We see from these principles .

." i.: How to Transplant Trees large trees are often as'great failureson Save the Timber. Indigestion, Dyspepsia, etc.

*- Mr Thomas ,Meehan, the well transplanting as trees with a great Editor farmer and Fruit Grower: !

.j known,authority, writes thus in the mass of annual fibers and few vigorousreal During my visit in Indiana this (fal]

.'i i t Report of the Pennsylvania State Board roots. There is'little else than amass nearly every place I found the, .raven PECANS:: :

,"of Agriculture of hard, old stubs that with difficulty ous saw-mill using up the remnant of Large t,n's for seed. Also, pecan ,trees
botanist push outgrowing white fibers. what was once among the finest timber ready for the grove
A question was put to your Pecans
: with in the United States. Large Paper-shell tny
why trees with an abundance of fibrous The endeavor to move such a

roots'often fail for'all the best care in large ball is therefore often an expensive The grand poplars I played under Specialty.Pecan one.ycar-old
when boy are nearly all gone;; nuts, SI pr pound;
transplanting-while 'frequently the failure. We have saved a large a rees,f 1 each. '
same trees with sprouting roots did ball of earth, but it contains little only now and ,then one left.. I did 2-25-21 Ocean W R.BTi'AKr Spring,Miss, ..\.:

''well: It does not seem 'to be 'generally worth' having. The two, three or four not see a single walnut tree such as i

known that the.fibers of a tree are year old roots are usually cut off and we used to make into rails; they all

the weakest part of the root system. left in the ground order not to have went years ago. Hickory, such as we to Melon Growers.PLANT

''It'.should be stated that the underground I too heavy a ball. Occasionally large used to make fire wood of, is now' selling Important .
: live 'and thrive as it stands in the woodsfor$I.oo
x or; root system of a tree is in I ,tree, so moved, will
.:vraany' respects but the analogue: or. fairly well, but then only because per hundred feet Oak the same price. ONLY PURE SEED.

"counterpart of the portion above there has been a few young and vigorous -] The miller pays for the cutting and Melon Growers; with
hauled I can supply
sometimes are
the older stubs. hauling logs
The'two are founded roots among ;
ground. systems Seed cf all
moved with a ball, ten miles. Gray ash poles six to pure stock Watermelon
modi trees
but slightly These large
"on the same plan, sell the standard varieies: own growth, at
.' 'fied. The ;soft shoots become but without vigorous roots, almost 'always twelve inches,in diameter, at my

f" 'trunk while'the young same structure, put out leaves the first season, railroad for $5 per cord. lowest market prices.To .
a kind of timber is brought those purchasing seed of me, I
down. becomes a tap. root., and so will some trunks of trees when Every
I-; Side pushing branches with leaves push from chopped down and no roots at all to'eed into some kind of use. Ash is used will fu nish fun; particulars as to planting -

the trunk the leaves performing them., This comes mainly from For spade, hoe and shovel handles, fertilizing, cultivation, etc.
the stored in the tree. worked by, machinery made for the Address,
,:;lam part in feeding'the tree.'J'jThe.Sid feeding on sap
kind of large W.
die Any a
branches of' the roots with They usually gradually away.com- purpose. fi Kea-\i.Uo,Bra.
just the same thing The pletely within a few years. But if aw' enough for a handle is used. Hick 1 ht





,___,_ u'-

Tfte dineftzda Black Rot and Mildew. BORDEAUX MIXTURE., (A) Dissolve three weeks until the fruits''begin, to.
&- [We clip the following from the cat-: '16 pounds sulphate: copper-in 22 color. The necessity for beginning,the
Frozen Grape Vines.""- alogue of Wm. Stahl, Quincy, 111., gallons of water; in another vessel treatment early can not be too strongly
Editor,Farmer Gad Fruit Grower: manufacturer of the Excelsior Sprayerand slake 30,pounds of lime in 6 gallons of urged; it is absolutely necessary to insure
.As you have allowed Messrs. Spraying Outfits, thinking it may water. '. When the, last mixture has success. :
Haynes, Young & Bailey to continue interest some of our readers.] cooled pour it slowly into the copper For applying the remedies spraying
their campaign against Florida grown BLACK ROT. -This disease is confined solution taking care to mix the fluids pumps with specially constructed nozzles
vines, I think it i is but just to give mea for the most part to the leaves thoroughly by constant'tirriftg. are necessary. The Excelsior
little space to show why''' Messrs. and fruit. Upon the former it usually It is 'well to have this compound pre- Sprayer, fitted with the improved ver-
Haynes, Young! ,& Bailey's vines, appears about ten days before'the fruitis pared some days before it is required moral nozzle, ,answers the purpose ad-
frozen to the ground on the 7th of attacked and manifests itself in the for' use. It should be well stirred before mirably. With this machine (of-which

March, recuperated.from the injurious form of reddish brown, ,More or less applying.A the engraving below is an exact rep-:
effect of the frost, while in many vine- circular spots. As the disease progresses solution containing the ingredients resentation), which is carried on the
yards a certain percentage of the the spots run together, forming 'in the following proportions has back,. knapsack fashion, a man can
vines failed to sprout from the roots, large irregular shaped blotches. At been recommended for general use: spray from five to six acres of vine?per
and this without,regard as to whether the same time there appear scattered BORDEAUX MIXTURE. .iB) Dissolve day and the cost of treating an acre
they were Northern or Florida grown 6 pounds of copper in 13 gallons of in an average season, using the Bordeaux
vines 1 water, and slake' pounds of fresh lime mixture indicated
Why was it so? Messrs 4 as above, need....
Haynes, Young & Bailey could have in 6 gallons of-water. When cool mix I

told you themselves, but they would solutions as described above.
have lost their argument against Mr. TREATMENT:-To indicate a definite
.Wright and others. line of treatment that will be applicable
Had Messrs. Haynes, Young & 'to all regions is somewhat difficult. i
" Bailey, after the killing down of their As a first step, however, every'precaution I
'- vines by the frost, relied on nature "should be taken to remove as
, alone to repair the damage done by much of the infectious material as pos-
C. nature, there would have been no difference sible. With 'this object in view the old
between their vineyard. and I leaves and rotten berries should be
those;: of their neighborhood. But carefully collected in the fall or winter
they knew better; they went over all and burned or buried. The trimmings
their young vines and unearthed each should also be burned as they often
one almost down to the roots to pro harbor thousands of the minute sporesor
mote the growth of suckers, which, in s reproductive bodies of the fungus.

such case, very seldom fail to come '. .- not exceed $8.00. ,In all cases where l
out and make even better canes than :. ",..... ; the Bordeaux mixture is employed, twill
any shoots from the top of the plant.If # be best to use the Improved Ver-
I add that they supplemented the moral Nozzle !)' for the reason they are
treatment with a new dose ol fertilizer specially conducted to prevent ..clog
-the miracle of the resurrection is ging. Heretofore we have'had to rely

exnlained. mainly upon machines imported from
I treated my newly planted vines -- ...... France. The average fruit grower can
the same way-minus the extra drse : Genera' ran of bunches acted with r -
Black ...ter.X not afford to send to France for a ma-
ol fertilizer, and the result was at leastas Rot Taken from a hotog'aph. (Size. re- chine that will cost him from $18 'to.
satisfactory as that obtained, by duo d.) tirj $25, this price being entirely beyondthe
Messrs. Haynes, Young & Bailey, over the surface numerous minute reach of the average farmer, gardener
notwithstanding the fact that, of black specks. and fruit grower. The Excel-
course, my vines were Florida grown The berries, when first attacked by sior Knapsack Sprayer' is guaranteed
the of Black Rot
Niagaras. fungus at one
to do the work satisfactorily, and is
There is not a man with an average or more points upon the surface small sold with complete outfit for $14. '
amount of common sense who will brownish, or more or less circular dis- .

not comprehend that, if a vine is colorations. These rapidly enlarge) and We sent the above to Mr. H. ,
adapted to a certain soil and country soon the rest of the berry turns brown, Luttichau, one of our prominent vine-yop;
where it thrives and'fruits while the parts first attacked assumea
abundantly and
yardists, he !responded as follows.:
said vine can just as well-nay, betterbe blackish hue. Minute pimples now Editor Farmer apet FroltOrowcnYours
grown there from the start, than appear scattered irregularly over the of'Dec.! 3I: circular
in surface, and'finally the berry withers ;
and from ,
grown transplanted a remote to hand. All the circular is
and turns black, and ultimately dries says very
more northern section. up, much in order wherever Black Rot
Wherever in Florida a man cannot but,. as a rule, remains firmly attachedto and Mildew are found. I have none
root a cutting to make a sound the stalk. Black Rot occurs throughout here have
vine, or that sound 'vine transplantedfails all the States east of the Rocky .,, ..consequently- ..never .used.
anyining except some .iimc ana sui-
Mountains.The Perfect bunch with Bordeaux Mix.
to make a healthy and fruitful sprayed
phur here and there. have
.1 neverseen :
ture. Size
Department of ( reduced.)
vine-that man had better not try Agriculture, Black Rot in Florida. For,mil
northern vines-his ground is not during the past three years, has devoted The Bordeaux mixture has proven -
dew, which; I have seen only in a few;
adapted to grape culture ,considerable_lime to the studyof beyond a doubt to be the most reliable localities on certain varieties,
A strong healthy vine, no mailer fruit tree and vine diseases. This preventive to Black Rot. In all mixture was used with, good results Bordeaux
,,4 wherever grown, will do well in all division was the first agency in this cases it must be remembered that these I was told. For my part, if 1 had, to as
cases when the soil is adapted to,that country to introduce the use of fungicides treatments are preventive, and, being doctor vines '''with all such stuff
for diseases and it is such it is sheer wait until my ,
particular variety; and grape growers grape estimated folly to the I would rather retire from
it should_ guard against interested parties as a result of its work that nearly enemy appears before beginning the ing. H. V. LUTTICHAU.grapegrow-.
who misrepresent facts-such as five thousand grape growers, in nearlyall fight.In. Earleton >ha.HOMINY -
in that frost question, to serve their parts of the country, treated their spring, after the vineyard has 4
mercantile purposes. vineyards for Mildew and Black Rot been pruned and put In order by the BALLS.-One quart of water -
E. DUBOIS.San in 1890. Probably in no part of the plow, but before vegetation starts, (boiling), add one level teaspoonful -
Luis Vineyard,Dec.30,1890.) United States was the spraying of the spray the vines thoroughly with the of salt, stir in gradually one-half
We are rather inclined to agree with grape vines and fruit trees put to more Bordeaux mixture, formula A The pint of fine hominy, cook slowly three-
Mr. Dubois when he says, substantially of a severe test than at Nauvoo, 111., object of this spraying is to destroyany quarters of an hour; then put, in a
this season. Nearly $2,000 was in- spores of the fungus that may be large bowl and add two beaten eggs,
that there is more in the man mix thoroughly and when,cool in
vested there in spraying outfits 'and hidden away in the crevices of the
than there is in the vine. And the material. The results have proven so bark. About ten days before the flow- hot lard, after dipping them in bread

high compliments which the two principal satisfactory that this coming season almost ers open, spray all the green parts of crumbs. < .
parties to this discussion, con- every vintner and orchardist in! the vine with. the Bordeaux mixture, Early Tomatoes.The .
sciously or unconsciously, pay to each that section of the country will have a formula B, taking care to wet the foliage Virginia Ventilated Tomato Carrier.
others' skill and intelligence is the spraying outfit; in fact the spraying thoroughly. Spray again with the If you want fancy prices for yoor early tomatoes
,ship them In No 41 or No. 41 Virginia
'.most satisfactory feature of the con outfits have become as much of a necessity same preparation when the flowers are Ventilated Carriers, Catalogue, priees aBel
U'ov. erSy.-ED., as the plow on a farm. ," opening, repeating the operation every samples Co.,Petersburg free on*,application Va..t to Soot I";-



J. .

[ :

#.. '
,Irish supposing it to be a pure article, but upward the vapor,of.the sweating to-
agreeable ias Gan At
}tIEl'J1JiD tfl tIeE\E\ potato.every way It isdoubtful if one man,out' the plants did not have to grow long bacco and prevent thermometer overheating.in this

showed that there were one time my
> before
difference they
tell the ,
-- of a dozen could marked but this is too
varieties. I stack 104
Notes. three ; four different
Cassava without the condiments. or it should
even :
high as
is about as
determined from the character of high; 98
much ,if Cassava soon
William doubt be
Mr. We
For several years past very rise. This second sweat may
,human the leaf which variety I to ever '
'Fibber\ of Clay .county, has:annually ever,supplants the sweet potato'as: further and I allowed only completed in about fifteen days, depending -
a.small of Cassava using food, for the Southerners like,the propagate
raised ,patch that I thinkI somewhat on the :dryness or
it cluepy stock-feed, ,though he has sweetness of the potato and it can be this one to go to seed so of'the weather.

. ,the time required shall have a pure article next year. dampness
occasionally: madea; table dish of it. .cooked in the blossom-buds showed This is, as far as the, grower would
of it that the Cassava. But as stock-feed we As fast as is
Likesowe'other; growers wekave.seen I by for the tobacco
stretched far usually proceed
worth themselves up
is well a
heretofore the- .
mentioned, he has not believe sell to the manufacturer.But
: them be pinched now ready
been .very enthusiastic in ,its.favor trial. In our judgment, the planting; enough to permit to of unde I have combined the two functions -

principally on.,account of the cultivation and harvesting of it would off without snipping off parts now' engaged, with a
off. and am
I took them :
leas pf his seed in the winter. He involve less labor. than the,potato --the veloped leaves be ,attended to daily in number of hands, in working up my

plycuts ofl'.thestalks, (which.Are'the seed is as easily wintered; the crop can This had to I find no trouble in
off each bud just beforeit limited crop.
without order to snip
seed),two or three inches above be left in the ground all winter sucker selling cigars at a good figure: ,to

grindlays them in small heaps, totting the least, which is,not i opened. I allowed one and good secondone the retailers my in Jacksonville, ,and I
a :
before topping
bout ,an, armful in, ,a place,' covers the:case with the potato; it unques- to grow if the plant was beg herewith to offer you two specimens
after topping,
: and tis
them with a little grass or hay, and tionably yields more per'.acre; : and these two suckers ; lor your personal teSt. "I can

throws over them a few inches of sandto apparently ,equal to it in nutritive vigorous; of leaves reason why Duval county

air and the stalks value. On this latter point,.however, yielded me a second crop see no article
exclude the keep which I barely had time to harvest before should not produce as good an

slightly;damp.! These stalk-pits are we should'wish,further testimony. the tobacco as the much-praised
,,.have had suit ( frost. Cultivation, about 3f cigar .
readers I
in the'rbws'bf orange trees, between If any of our article from Gadsden. Next year .

which the Cassava.was'grown, so that ficient,experience,with Cassava.so that I same All'as the for tests cotton.for ripeness that I have shall plant enough Sumatra to furnish .

the stalks arerightwhere; ; they will be they can give us a trustworthy test' to read of I found to be falla wrappers at least, for I find it
heard my
the bitter from the sweet.
when comes. distinguish other tobacco
wanted to be superior to any
is dependence greatly
cious. There no
There lis no carrying of heavy cumbersome varieties. we should be ,glad to hear the condition of the fiber of in the fine and silky texture.of the

.(material to and,fro. from them. :According to the authorities placed on indication of maturity leaf. E. A. LINDSLEY.North .

Mr. Fi&ker'states: that he has beenso the bitter kind (((manihot utilisi- the leaf itself as an safe guide is the development Jacksonville. .

well satisfied' with Cassava as a j ma) is the one which ,is most ,highly ; the of only woody fiber. in the stalk. We visited Mr. Lindslej's place

that ,he will next spring esteemed in Brazil.: ED. thousandsof
stock:reed I .;. When this i is" sufficiently formed so and found him with some
.. times' Ruch.of it as in boxes,
pknt several as the of neatly packed
that a knife inserted near top I cigars
he ever 'heretofore. This year he Tobacco in Duval County.Editor the stalk can be pushed down the ready to make his weekly rounds'

has only eight rows about? twenty rods Farmer and'FruIt.Grower. Of the_ two
it his customers.
with tobacco dates whole length of it, splitting open among
long (l less than 'a ,fifth' of an 'acre). My experience then ,the tobaccois cigars mentioned, we preferred. the
beena like splinter, :
I have -a pine
it in September gives back only one year, though aware .that
rlle;began to use ,: for ripe enough to pick, not before.I milder one, though we are

1tf to-a,cow, two heifer a horse andabout' market gardener of many the Vuelta years. split all the stalks this ,way dqwn to the national taste rather selects sb ne-
: chickens not with any I procured a quantity We consideredthem
thirty ,
and within an inch or two of the butt; thing more pungent.
regularity but from a half bushel to Abajo seed (so represented) of Florida
stalk specimens
latter of last Janu this I left whole to hold the on good
bushel ''per day. We saw him dig' planted it part I would the wire in'the curing barn. I had Havana cigars, and.could not perceive:
hotbeds as .
I made just
'three' hills ;between three'and four ary. anywise inferior to
,. with pushcart: go along that they were
other Be- the boy, my
force or
from which he obtained t to cabbage a
feet : : tested in Gadsden county
apart, stalksas
receive the those we
winter tobacco. seed'is the balk with me, to
roots when, broken :Up, to. ing sown in' the They retained a
enough months
\ in I cut them off. This kept them outof few( ago.
;measure, about a half bushel. He usually! several up smooth white ash:-'what mightbe
in less than.a the sand. long,
whereas mine .came up '
iron crowbar which he cigar-
Mugit"with an this will denominated a kid-glove, ,
which split way
Stalks are
hrust"'under the middle' of the hill week. I rakedthe bed perfectly and would hold fire without drawing
fifteen and
in thirteen to ,
sowed the seeds on the surface cure .
the'clurhp smooth
.and gried: up, then pulled up it down with a board on this not only retains the juices of the from five to ten minutes.-ED. ,
'b roots hanging together ----
( the *
: but diminishes
of of which 1. put'my weight, then wet it! : leaves in them,
: some
'This''cracks off the with I did this chances of mold and stem-rot. An Oowpeas as a Money Grop.. ;
reach'oui three thoroughly a spray.
the larger roots, which stalk will absorb back some' :Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.It
in the a day, but 'the season was so unsplit matter of sur-
feet or more, and leaves them : once before it has always been a
it twice of the juices from the leaves
that I should have done a' valuable has
chooses grabblejojTthem. dry that this pea
unless to
ground one weather prise to me
stand not, good, cures out. .In.a spell, damp cultivated
was very
His land is soft deep day. My extensively
very ,, mould is threatened build a not been more
'sand" and' we should judge that he and the freeze in March destroyed every -: ,when in barn. than it is by our Southern farmers,not

planted the seed rather deep has last plant. fire my is arranged l in storiesor only for its'uses at home but as a mer-

: "spririg was Ian uncommonly! 'dry'one), My soil is a: medium pine, a light This building of man's height, with No. chantable article. It is the best known

'ioHhaFthe roots burrowed deeper than sand with a blue clay, bottom about stages a milk producer with which I am acquainted -
about ten
feet below the surface. The,. 15 wires stretched across excellent
Hh .would on'an'averageprobably.When'the seven independent of( its
drouth continued so.severe that I did, inches apart. There arefew
? roots had been spread on, the stalks and leaves are qualities[ as food for man. ..

J R fgras5 and'a'bucket'of wafer dashed not get any plants worth setting out When early of us that; do 'not know w.hat"HoppingJohn"
day or
Probably if. I. had cured out, on some damp eatingofthe
the until August. and the
offered is
'Over th tri, they' were I take them down and ,
-stock: ;and; they left no.doubt in' the'observer's burned brush over my have'enduredthe seedbed or' in the them morning smooth, and straight in boxes pea merely boiled; and if it is j goodin
ashes it would lay should we
mind as to their fondness applied with to the way suggested why
whittles drouth better than,it did. and cover them gunnysacks for homeuse
'for thetn. 'Mr. F. ordinarily sweat. When raise but limited\
the preliminary
with take ,
wheat' The lands had been dressed of immediate &..c
and i our
ittip\ with:a knife sprinkles the.stripping may or the supply
would be this is accomplished '
about ,as ,
'bran:over,,it, though this is nolnecestsary -, barnyard manure : It is here that one of the most neighborhood? '
asthecows'took pieces bf rootshalf usual for corn, and the plants were begin. in We raise vegetables of all kinds forthe
comes ,
about as corn would be in vitally ,important processes markets,
and Western .
of spaced and
as' 'large as an ear corn 'or if the leaves are Northern J.
: sorting
namely, ;
crunched: :them, greedily. 'The horse the rows Almost iminedaatelyaftersetting and short, and no small quantity of these are'thegreen
bulked long
Trell pleased with it. The: out I had to begin fighting the\. all together, We send these to the
was Equally dark and light pea.
bottom leaves
and ,
chickens.were-nab particular1 'hungry cut worms.. And\ Jiere I maYlr top obtain for market as human food, but we ,never
will be able to
,-for'it, but began to peck the>roots to in.,.passing, that the theory around that,dish-each the the farmer whole only the price of the lowest ,think of Southern feed for animals,

.pieces:leisurely. 'They.layeggs.freely shaped .depression left : I leaf and lay and the question may be asked, "Whatdoes
,; iefl one feed: of. Cassava ,and one of stalk will prevent cut-worms' depredations grade.its every until enough are the Northerner know. of the. cow-
it. it in heap
..eemi' day .the 'Cassava appearing is,delusive, ash c tested proper "hand when I ?"
per ; to form a' pea
: starchy:feed which .I, had an acre.and a half of plants, \together In another portion of the county
leaf the butt.
it with at
bind a
,M&ees'.the oily:corn verywell.; and ,this amount"kept :a boy wormingand Now comes the second ,and finalsweat I where 1 once lived this'pea was a'staple -
He ,
thin, in flesh and it .suckering all the commodity, and I have never
lTh ;cattle-are I all these "hands" in a
fis'pnssi lethat: th 6is,: >not one of :the ,would no sooner; 'get over the patch. place other circular vessel suf. known to be less than $i per bushel l,

there is one, than he would have to ,turn ,around hogshead or as$2. The pea peas
,sweet varieties of Cassava ficiently large, butts out, tips in, thus and often as high
bitter and "two sweet varieties). The and go over it agim. Owing-proba-: a cylindrical stack,with an in demand more particularly for-cows,
lateness of planting myplants building up .richest
the the
ha. perceptible bly it produced
raw: .root of this no : 'shaft three or four inches in as always
,in ,showed remarkable, tendencyto open have.knownmaFiyto
chestnut milk. I
'bitter: resembling a green diameter, in the middle. This shaft creamy
,and' when ,boiled tender and develqp.suckers., rush to the rice mills andbuntk* rice

.'1j..Crested1 tartcjv; with'salt and.'pepper.we foundit .As.I said: above, ,I;,bought\ the..seed serves as.a Hue pr chimney to convey ** y *


., '.






._ __ .a.;.; :.A...

flour for their;cows. Many: think it Live sock .; 'That Fine ,Colt."

the J best feed for, the_ : ,cow, but as Inave ---....- - -- -.-,. ... Now let:us go;to- he,barn and takea PouIfut1.,. .
,tried, both. i in my limited experience : of Placenta. good look at that fine (?) colt of & .;

r can affirm.of own knowl- Hens not Laying.Editor .
my ours that have been
we telling our
have deal-of ,
Dairymen a great complaint Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
edgeHhat the is far '
superior as
cowpea make about milk neighbors Ve would not take, two
milk : to fever and We"are"having many"letterrof'cora-
a producer.If "' '
the retention, ,of the. placenta; from l tiundred dollars for. "Fifteen hands plaint from owners of 'large flocks as
it is
well for
: our ,own
: : and: four old )
a half-
milk fever especially they suffer, serious years can trot a well as-'small ones that their fowls do
well being should not,make
; why we mile in four all fast
gaits ai*perfect ''
losses We
every year. suppose not 'lay. We can usually guess the
provision for ,the cow on which "
beauty. Out the standardand
there is no cure for some cases of comes reason or come very near to it.Vith
we all much ? There
,so depend are
the heartless cross-bar comes
milk fever though'there are a dozen"infallible11 wheat at $2 sack
none of us'who are'not''partial to milk ; down down per ( 100, pounds
-to 14' i-2.
remedies that are believedby "Well/now, as you suppose you'are buying),, oats
and:palatable cheese, and where do who would have it ? I
able ,to cure the worst cases thought never (four bushels '
we!get,our cheese butifrom; the North? many measured her but Tom Faulkner or 115 pounds), $2.90per

We feed their people with our early We don't propose to give any of these' was sack, we are very apt to stint: our

; cures, but, to: suggest prevention as sure she was 15 ') .2Ve hitch up fowls just when we should not do.,so,
vegetation is it not worth our Awhile
; and drive to,the Fair Grounds. That
to, make an effort also to feed their cat being much better. If the, cows are A hen must be fed enough,to.,keep, in

tie it fed with a view to:getting them in the foul-minute.gaitissix.: "Why, man, good condition and as, much extraas
especially when they return to have
often driven the level stretch
right condition as they approach calving is to produce if
necessary thei-eggs
us nn cheese and other commodities? (from ;
the second mile board to'the
time believe there, will the food is withheld
we rarelybe
I ,do not. mean to,say that I am,a third infour'minutes?' Poor fellow! you must.notuex-
farmer or that I am capable instructing any trouble from ,milk fever or retention pect eggs., If you do, you will;certainly
he never measured that'
of the One of the { "straight be
placenta. disappointed There' ia'a
'farmers in what they should do or "
stretch. Now take off: colored
what. they should raise, but having most, if not the most, important pointsto your happy medium, in feeding as,'well: aslfl'

be looked after is-the condition'of glasses The only reason you have everything,else,,;and it requires ,sprite
tried the few
largely the cowpea'with
the cow's bowels in for your high opinion of that colt is ,
; they' must be a experience to tell just ,when you hugefed '
cows that ll have.owned, I feel that I its
really good and
perfectly healthy .and, natural condi disposition, enough and: not too much assail
am -, 'farmers at ;
justified: in saying our #
"Cause its mine What' '
tion.Ve would not, in' case of slight; can, you flocks are not alike and no, tWohen*
tach ,little,importance to this
vegetable do with her ? Sell her Nobody
constipation, give drugs to relieve, but ever have the 'same appetite at all tunes
; and knowing,it as I do r do not offered two hundred dollars.
believe could raise would use laxative food, such as. bran you There,can ,be no set,rule for feeding) ;
,they more profitable -
invest and linseed 'meal, and if we require You.kept".saying?you would not take but,to:be,on the safe side, if. 'you-will

crop as a ,money-making quicker results flaxseed meal Itmay it, till you believed you were refusing feed a good deal of coarse feed; such
ment! than this pea. It is rich, it is *
a bona fide offer. Tom Faulkner
be asked What is the,difference bran and and '
: : as hay very littlegi'ouncl
full of substance and if the celebrated .
offered $ ? You the Tomthat'
between, giving linseed oil and feed; you iso mean grain, you can give what, your fowls,
Jerseys, of the North were fed on this ,
pea the milk, they{give and the cheese ing flaxseed meal? Why not give the lives' near Z--: ? Why he hasn'tonei will eat clean once each day and no
hundred and fifty cents. His
oil at once? There are two reasons: danger of over-feeding; To those

they manufacture would be' far more First, in the giving the flaxseed',meal wife,-took in washing (poor, patient who have, not! used animal food,. if
desirable than the time.
present soul l and bought the new suit he
In South Carolina this is raised you are feeding the cow: with just ,the ) wore their hens are not laying: 'satisfactorily;?

more, extensively: ,than pea anywhere I right kind of feed and at the same I when you saw him. Yes, sell her,1I I try meat of some kind. If, you!
time giving her medicine in such, a, and not her alone. You have two get it fresh, buy the prepared article .
know of, but'even there it used, mostlyto
colts sell both and take all the
form that it will be least likely,to in- ; and from my experience. I can find
be raised
for the
feeding negro, yeta her second because linseed'oil'is money-:and put it into one good mare, desiccated '
small found,its ; jure ; nothing.to equal fish if it is'
quantity always
way hard to get pure enough to use,as one that can plow, and.*drive and sweet-and-good, thatis, put\ uP' fresh
to he ni rket. It happened, however <
breed too. If there is ,,
; a good common '
medicine.If I have. used for several:years, an.d.f find,
the so limited that
quantity was
the cow gets, constipated a few horse in the.neighborhood. standing the Red Star brand,always.the.sauwuniform
when planting time arrived the price at. $7 and he is the only horse ,
before she calves it be and has
days can cor- grade : kept. for two

went up from $2.50 to $3 per: bushel. rected by the feed, but' if she is in that available, stinther to him, but not if months in summer for me ands was
The crop was consumed at home, and; there is. 'fifteen hand where
a jack
: -
condition any the last
after she calveswe
a day or two to pound. You an-
no Northern' man saw or knew the
t value of the cowpea. cau't wait ror( the slow action'' of near.* If there isa fine thoroughbred buy it in 100.pound bags or,barrels.

the laxative feed but have the standing) near at say $25 breed to I
; must holding 185 pounds. prefer the
I '
am not well enough acquainted;
bowels moved of him, but not if there is an, equally.fine barrels for.there is. ,
at less
with the of the once by means more'or waste:
quality to
pea say medicines. It is thought by: many trotter. From neither will you get a in bags; they are;so apt to be torn:by1rough
whether' is: liable to the worm, and
Salvator or a Sunol but stand a
persons that a cow should be thin in you handling.In .
whether there' causes that hindered -
better chance of getting a good salable
when she calves and l "
flesh they put looking over market- reports"
its cultivation
as extensively as'
horse from" the'trotter than from the
her : : of Isawtloatliuui
through a starving process to re:- Chicago recently
other, This 'I am satisfied of,
crops. If is
thoroughbred. : mare not
duce her to a proper condition; we your quoted at $8 per ton* I, askedt at
that there is nothing so suitable for a '
and is somewhat coldt
milch used to think ,so, too, but now wecan't yery large' visitor from the North: ,. who chanced' E
the and
family cow as ,
cowpea, blooded blood not rated by theTexan's *
see good reason for it ( to be a miller what could
any ; on use they,
if but friends
we .tempted our '
the think the cowshouldbe standard), in fact if she is not make of' hulls that' ,
contrary, we oat at price. His
with a taste of this'pea we could not
in good order-and we shouldn't above; the average roadster herself, and reply was the mills who make ground
of them for' that market. ,
raise can find-one*breed her to a draft.See ,
bad results if you feed
she them
anticipate any were a specialty, buy '(oat hulls)
The North as is well known along
,that. he has plenty of action flat
fat for she and mix with
certainly undergoes considerable poor corn and sell) the
with wealthy population has a large
bones and good. I preferthe
strain that time and pasterns. combination
at ; as ground ground/grain
number olpoor for whom this wouldbe
she ought to be fed lightly for a short Percheron. Descended (like the These oat hulls are from oatmeal) mills,
valuable article food.
of We
a '
before and after she thoroughbred) from the Arabian, and and useless
could period calving are just as as feed as.sQ
teach them how to cook our
the fat in bred for generations for' large siz-, much bark but
can use stored-up place of tan ; sprinkled through
famous dish "Hopping John, and no
combined with, fleetness atthe: trot,
other feed, and if she is a good,dairy cornmeal give it the appearance of
vegetable has more life sustaining will of in the milk you cannot. fail toget a,colt that will and ,
cow put most it pailin corn oats ground together. Whenwe
power than the cowpea Feeding sell like a bale of cotton and for a ,
the of few what, ,
course a weeks. If the buy we suppose to be feed
their animals'and contributing to the cow is in good, healthy condition andis g good price' at that.-So.: 'Live Stock meal, nine out of ten times it, i is only
sustentation of the human we wouldbe
fed wisely before and after calvingwe Journal. cornmeal and oat hulls. .
doing a'good work. Our black pea, .r
there witt be little You will' ''notice that there
believe complaint j P* FOR: THE BLOOD. are no
so well known to us, would become as
3 F Weakness, Malaria, Indigestion and
: about milk fever or retention' of the shorts'to'be'had in the market' these
well known to those who are dependent Biliousness take
placenta. We always allow our cows BROWN'SiIRON BITTERS. days What 'we used to,buy as,short

Upon this section for a large por- the if of them It cores quicklyFor sale bj all dealers in is mixed with, the braa, and
to eat iflfc-
tion of the and while other Southern placenta; one medicine. Get the genuine:. now :: :

year, ,should refuse to eat it we should'expect proves it; but if the mixture, stopped
Atlantic States, can compete withus
trouble. Why cows eat the placenta there it would be all right. Examine i" '
in other' thing we'lnrun them !
out of the,market with, the cowpea. we do not know, but when'they I: CURE FITS your bran: and you will find chess: andchaff

have such a strong: craving for it, and 'Whe I say-cure I do not meal merely to. stop then" 'and a viriety of foreign' matter!
AMATEUR. for 4 Uae and,then hare them retain again t I mean a
it this is the
when eating does them no harm -ndIcaJ cUre. I baTe made the di8eue of FrTS EPt All of cleaning: (rum the

We doubt the profit of shipping we should hesitate to interfere with LBPSYorFALLDT; > a Ufa4oaf ftndmnnt /. X fanning mill, ground: with, tire.I. l bran

cowpeas North, but for home, usetheir their natural instinct. It may be that "'UNI&BecII8 my remedy' to BO car reaeoa the for worsteaMC.not noirreeeTinKcorew Beams and sold,as, bran at,present liriceca6

eating the placenta wards off diseases ... Bend a&ones for atnifandaPrt. .ofIB7b1aJHb1e per ton., There are a few country:

.value is very great.-ED.AHSY -and among others milk fever-that H. G. HOOT.remedy.Gir Jtf. V.,.Expreei 183 Pearl and Poet 8t Ofi, N.* .Y. mills that do not do this, but it is the

otherwise might attack the cow; at any ...: -"- custom with,larger mills. If you can

PILLS rate we go upon the principle that' it CTAUHTON' younf men,"ami MILITARY lx,ya. For ACADEMY HIM, catalogue for, buy shorts, do so.' You can sfierd to

,stets a>t/ nand b. c."""dluA S FC.Abt does no harm .and may do a great deal .1.$Steantoa Military Academy, Stan paY; from, 10 to 28, ceats< per 100
... .
u..ra. tea,Va.
of good.-Nafional Stockman. pounds more for it-E. W. AMSDEN.


.... .

M -

., ".
:-' '
" .
-- < .. : ,.


hours." But' Solon Robinson, the I aggravated case comes to our observation Reduoed Railroad Rates.
agricultural.writer,. then 'liVing Jt,strides.us that it would be a L. B. Folk, M. D., of Columbia, S.
I Ij
fA 'E' i=NCIn.w. in Jacksonville, told him that he had I good plan for the companies to have a C., writes us asking for information as
R.M' It...._ ..........
"spotter" on their roads now and to excursion rates from different points
., apparently
.- -
.'. .- then. in the States north of Florida .,to this
:JANUARY 1891.,
; .
thrown up from a depth of eight or ten aWhile State. An inquiry at several railroad
.-. liTEPNEN POWERS, .- '. Editor.; feet Doubtless this was phosphateearth general farming has been headquarters in Jacksonville develops
P:b,Address I&irtey, Fla.._ under a cloud for several the
it : which has been!.. found in such years simply this general fact : Excursion

''Bofeeeribers, In ordering ,their l papers abundance this State, but the cause growers, of good fruit of all kinds have tickets to Florida will be sold by most "
changed from one address to another,will,in of those more reason than ever to be encour
this fertility was a mystery to; of the roads in the North and West at
&)1""es,please give both the post-office_from aged.. The fruit-eating capacities of
,wbiea and the one to yrhlcb,they desire the men at that time. I the rate of four cents a mile one way '
efeaage.' A failure to,do to is,often a source .'. ,- the American people are only just be- for the round trip. That is to say, a
,of great trouble to the ,mailing clerk'and anieyanee be The
to the subscriber. w Mr. M. Crawford, a Northern agri- ginning to "developed. popu- person living 1,000 miles north of
cultural writer well-known : lation in the cities is increasing much
:, as a conservative Florida can get a roundtrip ticket for

i Publications$ Received. careful man, states that i he faster than that in the country, andit about $40. But it is our understanding -
ne'JBOH sensible and businesslike cal n- is the dwellers that the
has grown: crops'that yielded a dollarto city are that this agreement does not I include -
dar u.at..we have seen romes to u$ 'from N.
Vv,Ayer &, Son, Newspaper Advertising the square foot, on a small,area. principal consumers of fruit The the Southern Passenger Associ-

Agents, Philadelphia,and bears their"Keep- Crops that almost any one can grow export trade :is* also increasing at an ation.
tag,everlasting at it" Imprint. It f to large '
s4 with little mental effort immense rate Europe is hungry for the
aid dear that 1U dates can be easily! dlst'ngultbed rarely give ; For rates to Sub-Tropical Expo.

'acrosg an '.ffice,and is printed In apaa&aer large profits. It is special crops,, out our choice American fruits which theycan sition, on and after January 15, the
reeoneile the most fastidious to Its
company to for a year. of the, ordinary. line. that bring high never equal. As soon as a sub I various roads leading into Jacksonville ,

,It if,sent t*any address, post-pa1d,on re- profits. stantial reduction can be secured in have agreed on the following basis :

eeiptofttcentt.iDeceriptlre Munson's .-.-*- transportation rates, 'Florida's early One fare for the round trip for indi

Noftery,<,Denl.catalogue on, Texas.of Professor T. V. Manson The Keiffer pear in the North has peaches, grapes and strawberries will viduals, and for parties a still lower

... isth_ *' highest, authority on grapes in the :sometimes yielded more profit than control the vast Northern markets for rate, which can be learned from the
Southern. ,States: the in Florida. Mr. S. D.
orange two three time for
or weeks-ample
Catalogue of James Mott Orlando,Fla.,es several local agents.
-i.1 on the cultivation of'the peach, grapes. Willard, in a paper on fruitgrowingin large profit. Our incomparable oranges i '

etc.. Western New York, says: "'Among have the market largely to themselvesfor The Floridian's Double Opportu-
Soalherm Poultry and Pigeon Standard, nity.
Vol.1,.No.1,Jacksonville, Fla. Seems to, be pears the Bartlett, Duchess and Kief- four months, and we believe thereis This State offers the farmer two
about the only jubllcatlon. of the kind in the fer'have proved most profitable. 'The
South.. a prosperous future for our lemons chances-a money crop and a food

The'Practical IllustratorVol.1,No. 1,'Chicago Kieffer excels all others as a profitable and pineapples, notwithstanding tropical crop. The money crop may : be

-Specimens vignettes,etc. orchard pear. The returns from 214 competition, because of the supe planted and mostly grown in the winter -
F.A,C. Cadet Herald, Vol.2, No. 2.Lake and shipped North for revenue;
trees on a little over one acre.of groundfor rior excellence of the varieties which
; luau Remains
City essay on "The of the then there is time after it is harvestedto
Semlaolea"one of the cadets says of the Indian the past two years were over the intelligence and energy of our something for the family and
,woman,"For ker there is no sting from grow
toll sad no happy huntljg ground beyonl. $3,000. countrymen will produce. the stock, and still have leisure to
With the ending of this life her existence t take things a little easy in the midsummer .
ceases." Is this young man certan,that theSeml&oles Five hundred poor men and their Tobacco. i heat.
entertain this-view of the annihilation
of women? 'Good English" veryclearly families may settle in the piney woods The forthcoming circular of Mr.\ After strawberries are laid by,
that is after Northern shipments ceaseto
done for a boy of Florida and if do beyond > I ,
get Henry J. Fenton, Tobacco Agent of be '
be rice
,The Southern Architect for December, Atlanta profitable, upland may
,,(laLandreh's.. the production of bacon, corn- the F. C. & P. railroad, will show drilled in every other space and a
Garden 8 ed Catalogue, Phila bread, sweet potatoes and syrup, they crop of fifteen or twenty bushels per
delphia. This has been issued 107 1 that, aside from the syndicate and
years be which will at the
will not get on in the world very rap acre may grown
raise other large farms, about 650 acres of same time screen the plants from the
must to
Our'readers will make no !mistake idly.. They something *
hot sunshine. Even if no nce-mill
in ;buying' watermelon: :seed of Mr. sell, something that rich ,men want tobacco were grown this year in Gads- is near at hand to clean it, this grainin

Girardcau.. If-they buy it ,from the It is a great mistake to settle far away den county, in crops ranging from one the rough is excellent feed for

North: the chances are it will, be from from the moneyed centers and remote to twenty acres each. It averaged horses and poultry.

his after all. ,See his ad. from the means of rapid and sure After the Irish potatoes and other
and soldat
crop o about 392 pounds to the acre early vegetables have been removed
t .. about 25 cents a pound. This from the land, this may be plowed
Iri _Florida we pay about $3 a barrel t i again and planted in sweet potatoesor
In letter to Messrs: Redfield & gives a yield of $98 per acre; from
for Canadian hard wood ashes, and a us cassava. The former may easilybe

yet a Mr. Patterson, at a meeting of Son, of Philadelphia, say : "We this deduct $48 for expenses, and the made to produce iso bushels per

the''Ontario Fruit Growers' Association have taken considerable interest ,in farmers averaged $50 per acre profit.Mr. acre and the latter 250, worth at least

,.stated that he collected them in the grape fruit this year and have induced Fenton has been to Cuba and miIc twenty-five.cows or cents any a other bushel stock.as feed Eitherof for

his neighborhood at ten cents a bushel.It a great many people to use it secured a supply of pure seed from these succulent roots will assist!

who have never done so before; and greatly in milk production, as we can

is a mystry to us why the Irish fully believe in the course of another the celebrated tobacco region west of testify from personal experience; and ,

seed potatoes sent down here from year or two it will be the most valua- Havana, known as the Vuelta Abajo. even in evergreen Florida it may be

the North are so mixed. A barrelmarked ble fruit on the market in this. line,' The first year in Florida, this pro better to grow a supply of roots for
T the cow in winter than to maintaintwo
Rose will contain Burbanks, and we know by the way the demandis duces leaves too small for profitableuse or three acres of green pasture.

Hebrons and, perhaps other varieties. increasing there will not be enoughin ; the second year it is available. But even this latter may be done with

Either our seed merchants are very Florida to meet the same. rustproof oats, and a half acre well
This seed the F. C. & P. railroad
manured with cottonseed meal and
careless or'the Northern growers who t .
put ;the potatoes up think anythingwill Our columns are not open to unreasonable company will distribute gratuitously to cut from day to day with the scythe
will ordinarily furnish a large amountof

railroad and express companies; but miles of .any of their roads ; also a Then there is the plebian cowpea,

A, shrewd Massachusetts ,farmer when it comes to the smashing of crates very limited quantity of Florida seed, which it is too much the fashion, unfortunately -

rode, from Pensacola to Jacksonvilleand with the apparent purpose of stealingfruit for people to sneer at.Cowpeas .
that is, seed from plants raised here should be in
not planted an
;, fl' said to a friend: "I haven't from them by employees of the
from Havana seed. and orchard either of citrus or deciduousfruit
For seed
seer:]a Y'land in Florida yet:but what companies, then it is'time for com- trees, and perhaps it would.be

looked as,if.would: want to be, ma glaint We do not think much of this circulars; of instruction, apply to HenryJ. best. not to plant them twice in succession

weed' about once in twenty-four is done in Florida, but occasionally It Fenton, Quincy, Fla. on the same spot, without the

... .
-. -

-.. -
.. .





intervention' of a year or*two. But I skill is netting $500 a year per acre on I a few enterprising men In three counties, put say,as most of the customers or.trade at this. '

they=have. far too much solid value to oranges. or pineapples ? through a scheme that never cost the state a time require small or medium sized fruit,in

be neglected. The. cowpea'is one. of I Many good people come to, Florida cent,but resulted in such a flood tide of,Immigrant order to move the large sizes we are obliged .

the sheet:anchors of? Florida farming. who would make worthy members of and tourists as the"world never witnessed to sell at low prices, and the ,small and me- .
While before. What did they do? They, diem sized fruit, ITtt'a and 2506, is in strong demand
,,nearly! ,other vegetables the most cultivated society and
go not simply held a"citrus fair"at Chicago In midwinter and prices firm,ranging from s&BQtcf4: ?
down under" the midsummer heat and finding any "business openings"-for ,and the display was about one-tenth per box for strictly fancy high color,and large

rain, it flourishes exceedingly and these; are scarce in a new landtheyset what may now be seen in Ocala, the railroads sized, of this grade selling at$3 to$126;caolce

will yield many a mess of "string out to make a living by'tilling the carrying all their fruit and bearing trees, brights of assorted sizes at 2.75 to |8 25, according -

beans," or shelled either, which were soil, but, pursue such fantastic,systems commissioners, etc.,free charge. to the proportion of small fruit in tlie,
considered, We were thus enabled! to go from the frigid i lines; russets, $2 50 to$3 per box, according to
no disgrace on the aristocratic of cultivation make the "
as judicious air of the icy streets into a warm ball and sizes and quality; common grades and poorly

tables of Murray Hall. grieve. Scraping away all the leaves wonder through the citron groves and witnessa packed fruit: ,running;from 12 to$2 50; a t w.

Most, vegetable and fruit crops and trash from under a tree to makeit miniature Southern: California. Thousandsof extra marks of oranges from Indian River t

grown for revenue are practically out look pretty ; putting whitewash visitors dally paid the price of admission Orange Bend and Lake Panasuffkee exceed '

of the way in three orTour{ months at it instead of potash into it ; pruning it and land went and away climate fired with where a resolution such things to grow seethe our and top deslrab'e quotations tlzes., but must be strictly fancy!
Vegetables, In order toe
the, outside; then all the remainderof horse-high for the leg-cutting blizzardof -and they saw It. bring paying prices, must be strictly choice ,

the year is idle and vacuous. This winter and the'sunshine of summerto Biz months later ,I saw long passenger Grape fruit in good demand at $2/O to$3 per*.

kind o,! spasmotic ,activity is banefulto dry the life out of it 1 A green, trains I leaving Chicago every few hours over box, barrels from $4 50 to $5; Tangerines In,'

the best interests of the State. The shade-loving ,tree-one that rejoices in the different roads leadlug westward,crowded fair demand, at$4 50 to$5; Mandarins are dull
with passengers bound for California. ;Sev- sale and mevlng slowly at$.50 to"S&50. String'
fierce moisture and itself with thick
activity of the season" covers
"shipping eral hundred thousand people made the trip, beans, at $1.50 to $2 per box, unless. strictly
requires 'a brief rest after it, it' is true; branches as with a garmenttreatedlike many of ,whom remained, and millions of I fancy, when they wonM' sell as bleh/.. $5.60.'.

but the shipper, even if he has reapeda a fence-post I And that in the dry, dollars were invested in lands at from 1100,to 14; squashes,at$1 50 to$2 per box; egg phusls,
harvest of New York drafts beyondhis hot sand 1 15,000()(' per acre,which before could not be sold when sound, at$4 to$5 per bbl.; tomatoes;u

most sanguine hopes, ought not to What is the use of bringing immigrants or given 'away-lands ''which today are no ripe, at S3 59 to$4.5) per box, but It,will not .
more productive or profitable than millionsof to ship .' :: '
pay ones. -
fall into idle until here to do such work that? green
.' away ,an languor acres In Florida purchasable from|5 to .- '/,;. "
another season comes.' -The full We welcome heartily every man who $21'per acre.' -rt" '.. .-,
{ measure of the year should be roundedout has agricultural experience, robust How about railroad rates? They were REPORT BY SNOW CO. '. : ,

with that tempered and tranquil sense and grip, who can force the soil lower than I have ever known them for a BOSTON,Jan.5, 1891*\:",
trip t. Florida,which is not half so far Notwithstanding continued '
away cofd weatherand
industry 'which is so conducive ,to to support him and his family; ,and
PBKSIDEKT F. L KERN, in Tirwt-Unlon heavy receipts of Florida oranges, Fly
longivity and good morals. every woman who does not come expecting .
I Idas are holding up to the last quotations&
to pioneer with the piano. THE MARKETS decreased receipts, but at a range of |1.75 ,to.,
The Boom and, the Dieback The o capital they have the better, 3.75,covering good to fancy; grape fruit,$4'75

provided they have the judgment and per barrel; boxes, $2 50; Mandarin., -half
In another column Quotations for Florida Fruits and
we reproduce a
boxes,'1.10 ,to$t.4) '
information to use it wisely in the soil ; Tangerines,$2J2Ho $2J50/
part.of President F., L. Kern's earnest Vegetables. The last cargo of Sicily oranges sold at S1.50 '
plea for further efforts to induce im and not make shipwreck.But REPORT BY FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. to 12 40 per box. There another cargo to be *

migration. Most Floridians have no we are unable to cultivate any JACKSONVILLE,Jan. 5,1891. to-morro1-8prelaZ l. nm *-Uton.

land to sell and would not care par particular enthusiasm in behalf apian The past week, all-things considered,exhibits .' .
contribute for attracting here the plain, pork-cat a remarkably good record so far as results
ticularly to anything or pay REPORT BY P. M. KElLY *: CO. '.
ing, wheat-growing farmer with a glit- go. The week was marked by exceedinslycoldweatber
taxes to forward such an ST Louis
enterprise; tering show of citrus fruits the cultureof and driving snow storms,which Jan.3,1891.
but if the real estate holders, the hotel threw something of a damper on trade gener I Oranges are not going ,as rapidly nor are
which the bone and sinew
of North prices as well sustained
u manydealers here
owners and the railroad ,companieswant ally. The ftrat.haltot'week gave an average
America .know nothing about. Ex expected. A large portion of the Florida"receipts ':
to see :their business branch of$2.66 per box and last half 12.61 per box
hibit to them rather in Chicago tobacco This to that are too large to meet the views of bl -'
notwithstanding adverse
it goes prove -
be well
out, might, enough for themto who .
ers are running heavily on the 176 to 249
and corn potatoes and cabbageand conditions, the fruit market continued
invest..some private ducats in it. crookneck active and paying prices ruled. sites-200 being the reigning favorite. Some
a fifty
would better thanto squash fruit oranges are still consigned to our market, the
Nothing please us withal. The Heavy quantities large were marketed
Anglo-Saxon race know of such
seethe tide of splendid and adven- last week and this reduced the average are from new
these things; they have seen them be of sales to some extent. This large size fruit shipping points, wherethe work of grading,
turous manhood 'which broke upon fore. Tell them in Florida assorting and packing is poorly'understood-
they can, would do much better if held until latter part
the shores of California in the fifties make a substantial living' by cultivat of season, when fruit being scarce, sizes will almost every box ,containing all grades aad'an

duplicated in Florida-if they came to ing these main then if meet a more ready demand. colors. The remainder are mainly large',
staples; they or undesirable ,fruit such
as can be
stay. But as a practical fruit grower Only a small proportion of fruit sold last
come, the incomparable citrus fruits only at considerable of a reduction In price.
and talker with fruit week could be classed as strictly choice or
a practical
and the climate will be so much the fancy. The receipts ofTangerines and grape fruit are

growers.and farmers, we see weekly better as a surprise and a bonus. The demand still continues active and we too liberal just now and both are very slow'

and almost daily pictures of the lame When an untraveled immigrant can readily place, to good advantage,double sale. Here are the ruling prices: 96 to 112,
and goesa S2 to$250128; to 150, 12.75 to$3 176 to 2S5
impotent conclusion of some of thousand miles south he is the quantity now being received. So let the ; $3.10
apt to forward. to f3.50; russets 20 to 35 cents a box lower; Tangerines
these immigration "booms"which balk fruit come
ambition. get badly off his climatic and agricultural Prices still remain firm at quotations hut $4 to $150; for full size boxes. The
our Unsophisticated souls bearings. We do not want to reported, which were as follows: trade has ben surprised by the arrival of tomatoes

come here in a red glamour of romance I do anything to bring here the suscep- Fancy, $335 to |&50; choice bright, S3 ton from Los Angeles, Cal., during the

innocent'of any specific or pertinent tible and the weak, but rather let us 25;choice russet,12.75 to 13; bright xusset, past week. The stock however, is not re

knowledge, any trade, any craft seek for the strong.. Like her, own 13 to|3 25; ordinary brights and russets, 12 to garded flavor with much favor, lacking to much in
taste and
texture,being rather Ion'aniinsipid
-knowing' nothing from experience of 12.59;Tangerines 13.50 to 17; Mandaiins |2 to
orange trees when pampered on nitro- to ,and we think the Florida sat&t> >ers
14 60; grape grutt 11.50 Z50.
plows and axes, not the first principlesof need not be alarmed
gen, Florida has suffered from die- Demand for Mandarins and Tangerines not over competition
practical agriculture; and in a few back. Let the State rather grow with very active, and common grades are not springing from that point.

months or years their little hoard is the slow, iron-wooded growth of the wanted except at the lowest figures. Regarding the outlook for prices for oranges
gone into the unresponsive sand. With return of favorable weather prices,be. the remainder of the season,we see no prospect -
and bone.
tree on potash for higher figures. The
heavy shipmentsfrom
yond doubt. will improve rapidly. It is esti-
i The orange grove, planted without We quite agree with President jn-tted that about EO per cent.of the season's Europe coupled with the enormous Cal

investigation on a spot of "dead soil," Kern that the fares to Florida are too crop has been marketed. ifornia yield, together with considerable (In

a prey to scale and moss and dieback, high ; for when the railroads transportto this market at lean) from Mexico furnish no

k neglected and finally abandoned' its this State. a carload of poetry and REPORT BY G. S. PALMER. now basis it for appears hope or will better have pretty prices.close California to 4,000,

slight fences swept away irr some inutility, they will have the return NEW Yon Jan.2, 1891. ears,or nearly! double last year's shipments

forest fire, rooted by swine, the haul of it, thus getting two fares; and Receipts of oranges continue moderate, and The scarcity of apples will of course help the

branches of the trees-if they ever when they bring down a carload of although !large and coarse fruit moving very orange trade,but the Increased otre-rlnp.are
slowly, yet fancy fruit In lines of desirable argely In excess of the increased demand
grew large enough to make an-rip- backbone, it will stay here and create .
at other I
sizes selling readily J3J25; brights in Ikely to arise at present quotations.
ped and twisted by the cattle-a merchantable values, and it ought to lines,at 2.7a to$3; russets, from rJ. O to 12.75; 5.e

houseless waste of drifting sand, even ride that |4 to|5 Mandarins 12 60 to J3.
more cheaply on afco.: nt. Tangerines, ; Oi; [FOR 'QUESTIONS AND REPLIES, SEEPAGE
the poor board"shell they ,lived in grape fruit, f 150 to$4-50 per barrel. .

burned down, the inmates gone back Citrus Fairs in the North. VEGETABLES.-The receipts of new:Southern 36.] .

to the North or driving a mule and a I: What caused California's great boom when vegetables continue in excess of the sup- _
rly,and prices continue low. String beans, l REE-FOOT HOLE
cart for the wages of a wood,chopper. her fnstrlnstc merits are not equal to Flortda'at $1 I to fl 75; cukes,$:'23 to 12 50; peas,S3 to|4; DCvNur: TWO XZNOTCS

: Does anybody whose, knowledgeof It was simply her practical advertl- tomatoes2. to$;erl plants, $2.50 to $5 per The coming dlpf'rIi:
Ing methods. During lone years they had
will boreano'ewfcereiioother
Florida is worth barrel.
actual anything sent out flaming, noisy literature and held auger will work.
deny the picture ? Does anybody fairs and exposition*at home but few people A It Is the only post !hole

whose opinion, is worth notice make went to'the golden-gated main, and the na REPORT BY REDFIELD & SON. the digger dirt that Itself wiltempty bytoaefeluga ,

railing'accusation against Florida for lives held their fifty-cent lands and condoled PHILADELPHIA,Jam.3, 189L | pring. Get tee ae&.jt
with each other In a home mutual admiration There has been a liberal supply of Florida for>our county. ,Write.
it, ,,when right across the road a man I 1. qu'.ck.! Address, : .
> society (just as we do)gwtiinrover their climate oranges coming the last few days, the bulk CaJynes 8Hr.r JIIN. Qt.f <

with Batural fitness 'and acquired and its products, But eight;years! ,ago which has been large,sized fruit,and would, OPEX. CLOSED. 8prtD&1W4.. \ "" f0.r.r' -.' ,



I :: T' : .H H i.'j.

_. .. TBE\ 'LbRIDA DIBPAlfGBi'iFA.RJ# ERr 19) RIIIT-( ROwER: : \

..w'd'\ 'T':. ..i"" I v'e4'from cis 'hooked; m reference Gambier,. medicine. is said to be

.. L-' _-:"" ";." _':"' _':"' _'.LI"-'..;:. .... "':: _'-JJ.---I }toL.ttie. .stalk'of the flowerrbuds,, which, Valuable combined with. opiates and Wonders 1 s
; s. soon as ,the. seed-vessels have ripened chalk mixture, in'chronic diarrhoea and
'' 15 I
SOeae Trdti'Weedine Flprlda1 Weeds. ,. and.fallen, curve downwards and dysentery; 'it is-also a remedy for relaxed by the use of .Ayers flair ::
:with r.. -ods'of Eradlcatioru. harden to'strong hooks. 'By' means conditions of the uvula and pal Are Vigor in restoring gray hair to its'original.

No....5. of these hopks'.tKe/plajit, with fits:slew* color, promoting new growth, preventing .. '

"'[J 5
.CCa' ;C/kvtntaaPartridge.Pca)!! other plants,ana'grow*upward,, toward (tanning and dyeing. It contains healthy,and free from dandruff or humors... v

TJiit+ -kr an.annual, but does,notrgrow; the;1ighf, ::andalso.a.way, from'the parent about 40 per cent. of tannin.Jamaica The universal testimony-is, that dressing this ,preparation and, 11.

se tl fg >!as-tfee last It is* yeryu, corm .root, so" that the: falling seeds Government Bulletin.A .. is, therefore has no Indispensable equal as a to every well- '7

I4.1asf y4lld'' flowers: and jMinterleye ; Uhcaria. -belongs- ; the'same' ordersas. for, Florida.YourSouthernreaders "I have used Ayer's Hair Vigor-for sometime 1.
\ Good Tree,
forme. 1. ,
: cinchonaRubiacccf. and it has worked wonders.
: small leafletand l coffee and ,
4 ,kith numerous; : ; troubled with dandruff and was rapidly ,
Calm 1I Ida., variety, aspcraMMitive ., in. which the, petals,.are! united,. .and. perhaps, are becoming was bald;but since usinf the Vigor my
(Wikb. plant) are oftemfottftd ( the leaves are opposite and,'connected6y'small'leafy'processes. not generally aware of the value of head''is perfectiy'ctear of dandruff: ;the hair ..';

ins cultivated'l i land:;: though I1hyenot i \ ; The! leaves Kfonn,{a-fterygosperma as an ornamental has;ceased,coming;: out, and color I now as when have'a I
is of the same
It growth
States. good
the Southern
; found them particularlyth are:oyate,, three: or. four; inches'long. tree in was'a young.woman. I can-heartily recommend -
i yes, BBHekthoughithey, seed'abun. \ The.pinkishiCoroliaiofthe.flower .consists the Horseradish-tree of( India, the any one suffering from dandruff'or
datly.aWI:should destroyed' before' of slender' tuber half,an-inch, fleshy roots.'when young being, equal: loss:of hair to.,use dyer's Hair Vigor as East a .
; O. Moody
if, not''superior,to the roots of the com dressing.-Mrs. Lydia
tKeiseeds} 'xipen.Mcnt&ia .. t long, expanding! ;'into a shallow cupvvith' Mexicoare PIttston; Me.' '
This is"ajn6xj6is i '''from which the, mon Horseradish. Those in wife's hair began to
Ploridaria. plant : >: i fiVe' segments; "Some time ago my
: \ : weed' 'whfere. found;' on account Jong t ., pistil protrudes. The; ,narrow, highly prized. and form a staple arr come out quite freely.

of tne leaves l adKenpj gJ tothe.. tubular corolla implies; cross:,.fertilization ticle.of diet Fromtheseeds are pre-

clothing. They aid: so,,' thin and tender by'a butterfly or other:insectrwith a. pared the finest"oil off benne used Ayer's .
and the seed pods are
that they caq, seldom, be pulledoff tongue of,such a length l as to enable by jewelers,
bpt.} must be scraped off.. It has it'to reach tEe'honey at tIle Jjottom'' ofthe saidi. when young. and, tender; to be/ Hair'Vigor t

yfilloW! .iajcfesqips; 8,"or 9lines.indiameter .i : tube and' tlifs. fertilization of' one edible cooked in. soups. I,
,, and -any> one who, runS.loto, the flower with,, the pollen from another. Thetree is:a.very rapid grower.' nrt only prevented my wife from becoming
; will always remember) it.aterwrd& is the more readily. effected by the have specimens that are only four lx...!, but it also caused an eiitlrejy new
pkat*ORCC liair. lam,ready to,certify to this
old, from f seed: and which are growth of.
clustered into globular! years
flowers being; ] statement before a Justice t f the peace.-
of stalks inch ',./ell, bushed,out and form excellent ewisburgh, Iowa::
\ Pkiifkr* fptarpafa (Maypop, asskmflv6wef heads at the end an II.Hulsebus;

!) ). This is. said, to be ,a, long l ; About, the
Iii,,troublesome weed,: though:; itprodueesa i there is a joint-marked;by a whorl of height such preparations restoring it u'my physicians -
beautiful flower As it:is, tiny leaflets, and ;its is, at this point inches in diameter; while some of my ordered, but failed, to produce a

a perennial 'the 'plants.would'' have to ;hat!the ,head of ripened'. seed-vessels young.trees, planted only a year ago, several growth articles of hair. recommended I, then tried,,by successively druggists' ,,
feet The Moringahas
.. be dug out in order to remove the all away, leaving/ the lower' part tojrpw1 ire twenty high. and all alike fell short of accomplishing the

roots so:aa. to,CQ.mpletely.eradicate it. into a thick'' curved hook. In' graceful, ternately decompound desired result. The, last,remedy I applied
leaves, and produces, when only was Ay'er's Hair Vigor, which brought'growth a
weed the is. .llowe4to
scabra ultiyatipn plant
l&kards&tU4> (Ipecac. : earlier 'of hair in a few Veeks: I think I'
FalseIpecac* Mexican Clover). This ;row eight to ten-feet.high,, arid each. year, old' or sometimes even used eight,,bottles in two years; more than
leaves three or Clusters lof delicate flesh-colored flow. as a restorative. ,but I liked it.
i is an inir9d ce 'annual; andis. spread: )lantis strippedof-its) ; : was necessary '
in size and shape,thosef dressing, and have continued to use It "
resembling :
'' :rs as a
iner i : the State. : As.it. has many, bur times'a year. An average: plant. Wistaria with not for that purpose. I believe Ayers Hair
geodlggallties they probably balancetha : ; nation containing1' 7ci,ooo or 8oooahrubs the fragrance Vigor possesses virtues far above those of...
Boxk>u&' ones. can' be worked1:' by'five. laborers unlike that of sweet peas. The flowers any similar preparation l now on the.market.'"
'are, followed by long pods which -Vincent Jones,Richmond, lUI.Ayer's .
DiHHI.. tens* (Buttoivweed; Com and is said,toi+yield: "daily" fifty-
c ted). This 'is' "an' annual' 'with five, to.. sixty-five pounds, of, ganibier contain the triangular winged seeds.I .
pa : t will where am much surprised that this tree is Hair Vigor r
nro : opposite leaves and l small; easily; The plant grow
'in United States
purplisk.1lgwecs .in, thee.. axils. ofr the. ; cacao and bananas flourish. so little known !
r' t from especially in the South. It is very rBPABED BT
leaves,: either single or inr clus Gambier Is'thee.x prepared; _

t ers"Iof two or- three The stem isnjuch a,\decoction of, the leaves and young easily propagated either from seeds or DR J. C. AYER &- CO. Law* Max,.
branched from the base'arid thetfaijches :shootstof-the plant., After. boi1in ..for,;. ,by; cuttings, and it thrives on any well ,
: drained land of good quality. It can Sold by Druggist*and Perfumers.
are often prostrate. It 'about an hour the leaves are placed on1'a
cultivated into the' in'which be grown in'the. North if planted out
grows in i dry, sandy,, or trough sloping' pan fall and HOIlTICULTU..AL.-
the ;
master ds. Clean culture must they; "were' boiled, and/,are squeezed so in a greenhouse: during :

be' iftd'to:'prevent; its,'going\ to scedV. :that all the liquor runs, back. The : then!planted out in the spring. This SUPPLIES W'ourr a !""
and is tree, will add 'variety, to any garden ____ IEWCCT AH KIT'
; mowed.: is evaporated+\ ,
as'it cannot. welllbe liquor : II TOOLS'sad otMr.lUp
------. ..*---- then agitated' by means .of. a, stick, through the summer.and autumn, and: Pty ORTICULTURAL Oar JMri I describes them.11. s.diur
when cut down by frost its roots can Ufr..t fend aim for oox'CBCr 8 atcoomplet Ma.
Sabdariffa. direction and ,
: to motrt
\ ,Hiblpoua' placed in a slanting 8tlPP'f drcular TIILLs .
; '
E&Ror 'Farmer: aac itruif'ttrowet"' i worked,with;.an up and-down) motion be dug up and utilized. SEED OATALOtiUK pabHalle4JOHNSON'.STOKES'

c, ;Otherwiseknownas( JamaicaIndian.Sefr The whole! gradually, thickens,.into a I ,consider the Moringa a very valu ..E.Nsrrtdw. l'WfMelPa.,'Pa.. !
'eL'.f This' plant furnishes; the; clay-like mass of a light yellowish-: able addition to our list of ornamentaland let aa4

fteseHe-hemp1 the' Madras ..terri brown color. It is then put into economic plants.-GEORGE T.

tories, where it is;called' "Rbselle11'' or shallow boxes, and, when hard KING, in Garden and Frts/,

li'l&iteelje, ,"/althougjv# : the, name, is, a, enough, it,.is cut into cubes of an inch, ;If.1i

corruption; ..of,, ' IR-IB4ia-.its' fleshy-calyxes,> ofarplease Or you are all worn out really good for nothing I
) account,given by Jagor in his "Singa. It Is general debility. Try ,_ ,
idtta5te are-much;cmployed for Berlin .1866 Jilt OH fl'M I K O.V II/TTJSSS.It subject to 8PA8M8 p.most'itt.Wtroabted' tdJIIB5.BA.FAHNt8TOCK
a&t ; pore, Malacca and Java/ ; and give a good appetite. Sold Q The beet"m dT for W.1t the cIbr
will cure. you.
t!isltiiigtarts i ;: ,as well as excellent jellyiiij@u ; but it appears that now most of the by all dealers in medicine.Consumption tteeas0years : :jthYest. Indies for. mikingobobagt.4rinks Gambief prepared' by means of pres- laity that tb. nf Bali Gtr n. LthtuAtroidiaffi l#r ri ri

i sure'into blocks} Cured.: ,

;Ia-r India' ,plants should ber.set.out From,its earthlike appearance and An old physician.retired from practice bad
whe>s.; tie warm weather sets in'; fertiteiie ;;; the supposition formerly that it came, tlonary placed In the, his formula bnnd ,by of an a simple Kant: India vegetable ml -'

i liberally},keep clear, of fweeds.' from Japan, it used to be known, as remedy for the cpeedy and permanent career

.. Time oJrowrig.lrom..Oc b'er on. terra japonica! but in i :fact it is i a nativeof Consumption.and all throat and.Bronchitis.long' affectionsal Catarrh. Asthma a posi

-4: A. P.. BOSANQUET' countries bordering ,the straits'' of tivf and radical cure for nervous debility and i

JnlIil: nd Park, Fla. Malacca. ,As it appears; to be, exceedinglydifflcultto all wonderful nervous curative complaint-powers Having in thoaxand tested It of*

cultivate,it in case*,and desiring' to relieve human Buffer-
0.. Gambler Ing.I will send free of charge to all who wllb'It.
'Gambler 'isltlie-Malayname for an the neighborhood' of Singaporethe I ., t.hll recipe In German French or Enellsh. ,.
with full directions fmr preparing and using.'
astringent, earthylc l okins substance, planters-there have at present a monopoly Bent by mall hv addressing wltbi fetamp* 1-
w:A. No- YES,,821.) Power*-
of it Having applied' b\>th to naming tbt.papcr.
uaed>pmcipaUyan tanning, Block; Rochester, N.Y.
u 4er that name> ; and also is: much Singapore and to Kew some two or +YMwryq

wed. imder tW'Bame} \Catccku\ fialli-,- three years ago for plants the dc.partment _1C1Id.C&LLE&LOf REHTUCKt WWftMITT,: DIRECT 8ALZg. ..

4NMf,pale ,Catechu} j' has. at length) just'received LEXDlQ1:8f.Jtr.: ATTUTtorParIT AD PwssLs CsOwilm. ,
The botanical l name? f the plant two cases from: Kew, and- it.now: remains "1' 8lt. Hard. a&'wl4'tsp.dd.a.soa The No.3 Cutaway,4-feet wide,at yaiAi. :&ut with
':a.d.eu Mon Ia.d.'me- nrder. FnH stock la warrtowe. bead be eireutart.
to' be seen'whether Gambier. Midas a.e l.letrabbr"'. &. &.,H. HDBBABU. Maif
is Uli aria
which it is .. .., .4.b.I
.... .
fig .
...__ 18-G"lMtIM, .r.B.. 6. )) t J eAa d
Garniier; the generic name: being deS can"be*cultivated.in Jamaica ...,..WIWk! CaJIIT-' ...... K7.


-- -
-, --,- -
t.r '




..--' -- -... I ____

cttjpie\J.KThts i latter:caused a greaftfcal.. 'df oar' K ft ne wper, THEGLO YOFMANb
k 1 r
On !\Ulfa1 orUr-. e*?. bA erit h iite oftfakfiTul l.reH4Jiti g,
t t l
.r """"" I' To get rid 'of' the disadvantage" of-f\ p 1Ctu* !and-attractiye/iietails, i RtNGTH VITALITY1

Short pointed article on'domestic subjects dust we should have things as dry as has not the liberty to bring all thesethiisanfordiii -Laatt How Regained
are solicited.- Please write on one s4e of;tbb possiHleJY' 'sKofilctf havesunlight:! femes i *.It5 isTibfteS'' Her ,

paper only,and addreu the. editor at L wtey7 if it does said that there is enormous profit in
and air in our rooms, even NOF
.. ,.
.... O*::.*i>OOi>*?- 7"bori8t --- = a'd
-- "'"'- ': --- mv 1ve--the aa misSIOII'oTdu5i "fr i rt minis cfmgQt ilrrdepiavrsd
1t ; : .
.. Youi' Wife street, which is much;less,harmful than based elements) ;fn human! ; nature, and LIFE I'

T o gentlcmcn were, talking about the, ..bacteria. .,T.b.J. raising; !! of. dust t.. that. !the. .,papers which! refrain throw!
a:business enlpri"se in.whicly.tiibtgliithinvlvedtsome should'be avoided. Dampness snouTd away-fortunes. I do'not'helieve1t' if

pecuniary risk,- they, also be avoided Sanitary experts often the, paper has come: to ,stay. The KNWTHffiE; ,

inclined, to'* embark. object! tQ very dry airJn room, witches!' and scorpions,and- ;allr their,, :! ..
were 'starbngly
but-from this1 pointof view it is'anad.: brood are notoriously shortlived and THE SCIENCE OF LI E
Finally l one' of 'them remarked: "I' unit 'A' Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise
: vantage. unprofitable., The;: family jsi, the on the Errors otToathPrematareDeclineNerrona
niust.consult;my wife( Before decide." The question how far the' great of- society- and no matter .what itshead I' and Physical Debility,Imparities of the Blood.

uW Y1"- exclaimed*,the. other ,. Vis; she quantity of organisms that we breatheis may be he,does not introduceor EXHAUSTEDVlTALlTYUNTOLD
boss?'.{( MNo,11! was the.reply; "neither injurious has not been decided. It tolerate' in that circle any element

seems probable that for persons in per- ,which he believes will destroy it.'
".I. Wcr'are'rvelPmatched'team; MISERIESResulting
fect,,health the majority are harmless. Without the family support no news

V'e'do'n't[ ''drive tandem.. My wife; The ciliated epithelium of 'the.respiralory paper can:survive, and. that journal from FoUj,Vice,Ignorance,Excesses or'

is J, .m interested, in, the w.e1f eocrOurramily..asl passages probably sweeps them, will;have tbe1 longest. life, the largest OrerUxAtion for Work Business, EoemUag,tbeMarriedorSoclat and unfitting the Relation victim

; ,and:.she has a right\ put as fast as they become entangled profits and 'the greatest influence, work.Mold It unskillful contains 300 preteDd pares,,1018'0.. Possess this Beautiful great

to have a*:voice.in the investment m,the mucus_with which it i ; ,Is bathed.pVen which as far.as possible admits. to its I binding embossed,full gilt Price only$1.00 by
which have penetrated,as columns only'such matter as_its editor mail postpaid concealed In plain wrapper. Ulustratire -
,those '
ourlittl&'i ,was riothing < rroe t 'you apply BOW. Tbedistinguished
property.There far as the.trachea, and bronchial tubes would freely'narrate at his own table. hFr Wm. IL Parker M.D. re-

;mpre'than: ;Justice in this'view' oft ( fire thus probably; ultimately swallow- Chauncey M. .D ltW. ceired from the the GOLD National AND Medical JEWEIJJED Association MEDAL for

matrimonial J obligation, .especially l : in ed. It seems, scarcely possible that;, this PHYSICAL PRIZE DEBILITY.Dr.Parkerand ESSAY oa NEKYOUS; acorpsof and

the case of* poor' or only moderately hnycan ever'reach the.air cells. The, Whitening and Softening the Skin. Assistant Physicians may be consulted, con -
office of
dentially, by mail In at
well-to:do: families- and these com- {conditions are.different, however,when, LemQnjuice.has valuable qualities THE PEABODY MEDICAL INSTITUTE

pHse'an'overwhelmingly: proportion here,,is even a, slight catarrh of the for whitening and, softening the No.orders 4 for books C..Bo.toD.lUa.u.or letters for advice. ,to should whom all be

respiratory passages.; The bacteria in stains and directed as aboTA.
removal of tan
families skin and the, ,
the. f In this ,country
of of
air are then probably a source considerable discolorations.; There'is difficulty I

where.a.slightincrease: .or diminution danger. In our usual; :house about its i application i or the subsequent E.T.V.&G.

in:the. annual earnings wouldbe felt "hold life they may not domuch; harm,_ treatment Several l of the above named

alike! by: every'member. The wife has )but) : we never know when they may articles, may be mixed or combined, RAILWAY SYSTEM.

1 labored', at home to earn or to save, become harmful.The of modernrhouse with the'best results.: A favorite_ 'English Two Fast Trains Every Day to the
great question calls fot two parts: of lemon
1 recipe
whilelier 4' ,husband has labored in the 'keeping is how to protect ourselves juice and one, each, of glycerine and North, West, and ]East

fields;; the shopor the counting-room; from these plant growths,and they.answer almond oil. Honey,balsam another I OhIo Daylight

is-ju&tly,partner in his earnings and :'is, first, not to furnish,them\ food{ English favorite; and worthy: of confi- CORRECTED November 1600 TO no vn:. Special. Express.
second furnish the conditions LY JacklODTWe S.JI'4V; 1tJ' S W p m 1iii a mLv
savings, and should share,in all plans and, not to dence. .It is made: of eight t tablespoonfuls Callaban S.F 4V; Ry 8 M pm"8S a"lnLTWa.cross
,of darkness and dampness,under '' one-fourth S.F4WRy; 114Opm' Uam
ing'ofthelr'small accumulatiopsrsoas.to.make ) of'strained..honey; and LT.Jeau g T: V 4:0 RJ' 1 20 a m 1010 a m
for" disp' thrive. Sun and. air' are E'71VAORy 647am 450pmLvMacon
:whiclifthey the amount of glycerine warmed together AI"" Macon E TVAORy;; 'U2a01 '''3'lupmAI"
; them more pro, 'our best allies. Dr. Carnelly says, mingled' to this, Atlanta E T.V II;0 RJ' 10 M a m 1040 pJJLT
thoroug ; 11 OOam 11 Wpm
AUjpltA E T.V II; ORJ'
ductiveiif.alf goes.rweU! 1"Cleanliness, both of the person and when cold is to be added two 'tablespoonfuls AI"" Rome ETV&GRy; 150pm 200am
600 615 a mL.Chattanooga
Chattanooga E T V 4;OR1' pm
of the dwelling or
Is. more particularly which' 515pm 750amArBwgtn
?> rectified; spirit i in : aC:
How the*Unttdy: Hous keepe ; De- school is of the very .utmost_ importance three drams of citric acid have been Ar Lexington a 4:0;:c 1".1 280a01 8 2Q.01 SOl S 50 pm P m
of Cincinnati k C 6 40 a m 6 W p'"
velopea Bacteria in maintaining purity ,air as The mixture is scented to Ar
dissolved. Chattanooga & C Route 615 p m 7 50 a mLv
Mrs; Ellen H:.,Richards; Instructor regards microorganisms} and one please and is' then bottled and corked "I.outsv111e Bnrgln IQ ..Sou.SOu Dlv Diy., I a'1 25 Z a am m 810 11S p p mAr m
which from this point of view has not .
in'Sanitary' '.Chemistry' in the Massachusetts ;; at once. Lv Rome E T.V4O; RJ' 16s pm 240a01LTCleveland

,Institute Technology;. in a been, previously advocated., Thoughfar This list would' not be: complete; KDOxTJUe" E ETVAORY T.V 4GRJ';; 405 685pm pm 'a 3' 51 lOam amArIorrJAtown
from depreciating the beneficial E T.V&;0 BJ' 810 pm 9 roam
recent ssay:says tTheconditions without, including} an ojci:and, favorite ArhfntRoct: ETVAO.R7; 952pm 1101amLv
'for the: propagation I effect of abundant air space, yet we which our Paint Rook R 4;D R1' t 56j pm n.12 a mAr
American preparation, It&D; to 10 P 01 11 4J a mAr
orbacteria-are very favorable'in houses think that the frequency with which perchance, used in the Ashevillengs R&D; Ry 1185: pm 12 P 01
'of is-changed.is is 'a, far Chattanooga 31 dt;12 Div. I 8 U)p m 710 a mAr
with out.cellars.: The Michigan Board the a r a room and cul (11 3OD"nAI"
; days before.. ;progress Decatur I M&C Dty. ,11215 a m
important point to be attended to Memphis IC&0 Div a 01 IS 4Q p m
of more
of the
of'Health reported a' case poisoningby ture had! .reached. ,into-so many;
milk.. The> family was poor but in providing:-a.'pure.'atmosphere"Clean details, of conduct _and action.. Into or OHIO Mann SPECIAL Sleeper JacksonTllle Is POLTDTRAHI; to and Cincinnati carries Pullman Pullman

Their house*was an old frame of German cologneand Sleepers Chattanooga to Memphis. Chattanooga at to
tidy a.wineglass each Louisville and Knox '1Ue to Asnrvllle. Connects 5
hase;longtknown.as unhealthful; the Newspapers Wanted. lemon juice j ,two cakes'of brownWindsor Rome lop with m.Tla Pullman Harrlsbniy.Sleeper and, arriving at Cleveland Pallad Iphla with

sills'were on the.ground 'andthere;: wasiiocellarunderit The press is the mirror of the daily, soap were: finely shaven, the Sleeper. arriving Washington 23U p m..Tla LJDCbburg. -

:;'Rain water collected life bl the world, but it performs the mixture being allowed. ,to stand, for a DAYLIGHT EXPRESS carriM Sleepers Macon to
under;,the floor of unjointed boards; very highest duty, in selecting what it day or two till! it became homogeneous to Chattanooga Cincinnati,Chattanooga Atlanta to Knoxvllle to Memphis.and with Knoxville Pullman to
sweepings collected in,theocracies, before he begins the study TO THE EAST are as low as by any'all rail
;the.floor was scoured-and mopped and by the boy into a cake, and proved very satisfactory route RATES and the scenery Is unexcelled.

'4 :the water ran" through, and kept the ,of his morning's lesson, and it is his I i in removing stains and whitening COMPLKTE INFORMATION cheerfully furnishedApply

'wt'in the.cracks-moist A,corner of 'companion after he returns home from the hands.-Good Housekeeping.A FRANK to M Ticket JOLLY Agents of connecting WK JONES lines,or to.

oee of the: two ground floor"rooms was school; it is beside our daughter in Dlst.Pass.Agent TraT Pass.Agent,
,- 75 \Y. Bay SL,Jacksonville. Fla.
o.f.as\; pantry;, where the milk her boudoir and her bedroom;'drops .
parted .
B. W.
:t and here a second,floor.had in those young lives facts, thoughtsand into Gen Pass and Tit.Agt.. Asst.Oen.P....Alt
was kept; ; ,and-all Atlanta.Oa.
peel Knoxrllle, Tenn.
one orange,
which bearrsweet or up
beenlaidoverthe: rotted'boards of the impressions whole with the

firstand it was impossible to reach the bitter fruit in after years. You andI thin slices. Put from the it and the juice Day Line--St.Johns River
juice ,that comes. ;
the whole moral nature
of. decomposing moist material have known Except SundaySTB. .
mass inta stew
beneath. There were three fatal cases youth soiled and spoiled by this unguarded from another orange, a, -pan .ELIZA HANCOCK" leaves Jacksonville,
communion. with a good lump of-sugar as large, as foot Main Ht,at2p.m.for Hlbernl,Magnolia,
ia'a!fai'ily:of four; and it''was decided and unguardable nut .letit..simmer five, min Green Cove Spring. Plcolata. Federal Point,
There are'cases of leprosy and 'small a hickory ; Orange Mills and Palatka. Leave. Palatka
that the poisoning by
with certainty utes. Then strain and drain off allthesyrupand 7 a.m.. connects at. Green Cove Spring for
Ow} ? rniHo'was due, to the germs from pox and a vast variety of unsightlyand throw all the rest. Me'rose' and Santa..Arrives Jacksonville
contagious' diseases in hospitals, away 12:31)' ,p.m.,awurtne early connections forth.
the:damp and'mouldy floor. Add half a pint of strong, white broth North and West. E.V.H. POST,Gen.Agt.,
IB another case'some'ice.cream was but we do not take our families' to see'them. chicken.. The E. W. EBBtnrs, On Bouid.
made from, veal or:
There in by-streets and : 100 W BaySt.
\vith are
'' -flavored lemon'Wa5roMD ,
'made aRd'a''part
; trimmings'.from roasted vpr gamemakes
which furnish
The remainder alleys nightly scenes Pineapple Sllp
immediately. good stock, for: this; but it Fancy
earnest reflection to the reformer
vanilla and food
: flavored wjth clear with-
was and
and sociologist but if we can must:be free:from.fat Bead for Price List to
stood tor some,time freezing'in i an old : Simmera.'few minutes
and damp building which had help it our children never' hear; of out:coloring JOHN B. BEACH, Melboum"FJa.
decayed fresh
: of'a orange
and add> tae juice. ::
been used.as a meat market but had th m.Ve become the willingvictimsofthe Indian'.River Nurseries
when served.. ....
keep sewer gas out :
plumber .
for months been unopened and imoc* ... \t.



. .

. Ylle r Farmers Alliance '.' .


", -: ssr,
Mt. .......

VOL. V. "Agriculture is the Basis. 'of Wealth. No..' z. .

TOM SAWYER :- -, -= Staff Contributor And lastly, I want you to resolve cotton out of the State, and most I I 000,000 was found to be incurred for :

New Year ,Resolutions.I that no man can fill your place at likely the whole will be sent out within the following purposes: Purchase

want all of Alliance I brethren your Sub-Alliance, ; that your place six months,of the date'When the first money, improvements, ,business purposes :
my IS'' more difficult fill, :but he has his hundred bales were gathered. Prob purchase and improvements,'"
.. to make a lot,of good new resolutions own place to look after and
cannot ably before any is manufactured- security, purchase of other land, busi--
for 1891, ,and ,tkenl. want you to keep i attend to both. Remember that withno thy of mention the last of the crops ness losses, speculation, stock and implements '

them. You may set aside a bad or Sub-Alliances there will be ,no will have left the growers' hands. farm losses, family supplies,

an inconsiderate, resolution should county Alliance, and so on. Resolvethat The next question that comes beforeus purchase money and slock crop fail,

you unfortunately make one, ,but to let who will go to town and gossip -. : is, who holds this' large quantity of ure, bank failure, travel, farm supplies .
on the corners during Saturdays, raw material until the manufacturers improvements and buying of .stock;'
break a good resolution" is to i incur a you'and your' wife and your sons: nd call for it? While some claim the small debts and accrued interest, 'education -

pressing danger of hotness one, dismal their wives will be at Rabbit Ridge growers ought to hold it, in the nature medical attendancedissipation,
day-so',be careful.In .. Sub-Alliance No. 1001 every meeting "of things fully one-half the growers borrowed money, rental defalcation,',
(tf ,
the first place I want you all to day during the year if possible. cannot be expected so to do even if accommodation, funeral,expenses, ,alimony
resolve that will be full-sized ,ATliancemCn Go, right out in ,the field.,now:anc they felt it to be their interest. The family expenses and improve ,
you make these resolutions at once, then l larger part goes into the hands of ments, interest, unknown, to pay taxes,'
or quit the order; and i if; keep them. warehousemen, who buy and sell as attorney and court fees, private debts.In f

things are not going exactly to suit TOM SAWYER. the markets seem to call for. We this case about seventy-five percent '
you don't quit'on that account, but may call them speculators, middlemen, was,for purchase money and iro:;
consider' that the Alliance' is yours Small Potatoes "and Few in aHUL brokers or whatsoever we please, but provements, nearly ten per cent. for
the fact is apparent they buy what the business purposes and the remainderfor
and determined
are to make it
you The report of the Experimental Station grower wants to sell, and 'they sell the varied purposes set forth above.
serve a righteous purpose. Your on Irish potatoes is very ,discour what the manufacturer wants to buy. The dispatch from which we,gather
voice,is as strong as the say.so of any aging to the Florida truck raiser. The Now the manufacturer is not able to the above statistics says that "The 'result -

man in the order, my brother, and it best yield was from the Burbank, purchase his year's demand from the of the investigation may show a
is not only your prerogative: but your i6o4 bushels, while the Chili Rec growers' hands and store it; or if able large amount of indebtedness, but,
only produced 747( bushels and the so to do in certain cases, they'are not when the causes are thoroughly analyzed -
duty to speak right out if
you Jackson White, which is one of the generally so disposed. And why not?, the burden will not seem such a
see anything going, wrong. This is a best potatoes raised, produced all of Would it
not pay the manufacturers to heavy one as some imagine Whynot
free and
unfettered country then your there tongue is' or penis 2z1: bushels per acre!J' If I can't take do so? Yet if it would pay them well ? Is a mortgage for a suit of
; that vote of three old cows and do better than that to ,do this, is it not likely a large number clothes any lighter than a mortgagefor
yours counts one as big as, a I will quit farming and into the real would bill? A is
Use go act upon this pjan) ? Andif a rum mortgage a mort,
meeting-house. 4your tongue, estate business.' Will not some of our it would pay the growers to hold gage. We may say that the man
vote with all the
your pen your Marion county truck farmers "knock for half the who cannot for suit
vim and of year or more would not, pay a mortgage a
assurance Americancitiz
an the socks off" that report and let' us ,we expect to see them to act upon this of clothes may deserve pity, while the
en.Next know the result of their experiments plan? There is no constraining influ- man who cannot pay one for a rum
: resolve,that I want whatever each one of you to during this year? Please do so; measure ence that withholds either party fromso bill is not deserving of pity. But

do your neighbormay your land carefully and keep'ac- doing-the natural law of gain or both mortgages, if for equal amounts,
for and
as tribe
will, make you your count of the fertilizer used. loss, we presume, determines the ques are equally burdensome., The thought
a living at home
you as Potatoes have been raised in the tion more largely than any sentimental which seems to possess the people who '
_ nearly as possible. You farming
make are : North at_ !the rate of noo bushels' per feeling men may have. B. give expression to such sentiments as
, to a living; then see that you do acre, and it,does seem that we might .-5 I we have quoted is that if the man bas
so. Let, us have no half-way meas reach half of that ,
figure. Let us have mortgaged his farm for purchase
ures and just as few Mortgages.The .
the experiment and then the
report. I money, or farm implements or "sup
possible. If you have to buy flour inquiry of the office into "
TOM SAWYER. census plies, and finds it difficult to pay the
from your Iowa brother see to it that i I '
nearly he has of which
: .. mortgage, nothing to
you swap something 'for i it Get up a Burn Out Your Stumps. pleted. The report will be very inter- complain. There -is just one class of

sort of interstate reciprocity and stop Not a day to lose on'the farm now esting and valuable. Out of nearly cases,in which that may be measura-

sending off the cash (or what is worse, if you expect to make a crop next season 2,800 counties only ten remain at the bly true, viz: Where speculators buy

your promise to pay) for every article so whirl right in and get everything -I present time incomplete, the mortgagesfor land[ for purely speculative purposes.But .
you have to get from abroad. Banter in order. Put your fences in ten years having been extracted the man who buys a farm and

him for a trade every time, and pay good Alliance condition, grub out the from, the records. A total of some gives a mortgage for the purchase
him in coonskins if you can't do of bushes,ahead of the thing in
any chimps plow, over $850,000,000 mortgages money, or a, portion of it, ordinarily,
better. and in the language of Marion's favor. has been found, the largest number in puts improvements upon the farm ; i if
Then I want you to get up a gen- Ite son, "Burn out your stumps." the Western States. Relatively speaking he mortgages the farm for implements i

erous rivalry with your neighbor, and ". TOM SAWYER. the Southern States were found tobe the implements are, wearing
il he can get up a nicer looking farm much freer from these incumbrances
out.. and after awhile all ,that,will heft < .
than you can, make him sweat for it. 1,850,000 Bales. than the Northern. An exception, "of the transaction through which-
Put your farm in apple pie order and Editor Alliance Department: however, to this is noted in the newly these implements t!

make it look as if you lived, there and The report comes from Texas, and developed manufactdring districts ,in I will be the mortgage were on purchased the farm,,*

had a tender regard for your wife' and apparently upon good authority, that Alabama, Tennessee and Georgia. In I: that was given to secure payment for
children. You will be astonished how the preseut year's crop of cotton will districts like that of Birmingham the them. The mortgage will not wear
much you can do at odd hours, and reach 1,850,000 bales. The probable mortgage indebtedness is large, but

also be astonished: at the number" of consumption of the world at presentis ninety per cent. of it has been contracted out.The question simply is: Is there'

odd hours you will'"find if you will about 10,000,000 of bales, which for: purchase money, plants, any good, sufficient reason why the
keep a lookout for them.I leaves Texas as the producer of one- lands,. etc., In other districts of the man should not be able to pay his
also want''' you to resolve that sixth of the cotton required for use. South, mortgages are given as security mortgage? Are the conditions under '
some'of the very best Alliance doc the world over. There is no denying for "farm supplies," but this is an unimportant which he is forced to live and cultivate

trine ever promulgated is a great big the fact, that this is a great achieve. object of indebtedness in the his farm equitable conditions as the

overgrown' compost heap, slept upon ment. Looking at in the light of North. government should permit to exist?

and ,otherwise disfigured 1>y an old practical business means an incomeof As an illustration of the completeness That is all ,the question there is. If.
cow. 'It Ts doctrine which, if practiced not less than about $80,000,000, for of this work in what are termed agriculture is legitimately unprofitable ,

will bring forth fruit, some I this crop alone. It, will be seen at a inquiry counties it is necessary only to there is nothing more to say..'

sixty fold and some at least a hundredand I glance that it calls for a large amount say.that,in Madison county, 0., a total i But legitimately it is profitable.Wtsiern .=::' ..

twenty fold, in the sunshine. '.of money to move this quantity of'indebtedness of something over $:s-, l Rural. ,." ', :a ..
,." '

eo. .





,, .---..... .. .
The Ennobling of Silver. terest. This would be'due the banks: Sub Treasury Bill and Income Tax. tically the same thing as a graduatedtax

Wehad'an interesting talk the other, for responsibility, work, etc. 'VYe regretthat, after careful exami up to $2000 per socialistic year. We in this.see
.day with Mr. Albert Montpellier, The business of the bank, with 8 nation of( the Sub-Treasury bill, and nothing It is merely agrarian the or application of the
cent interest derived in this way, much anxious thought it, and of
Manager of ,the Grangers' Bank, on per, upon .principle that taxation shall be levied
the financial,situation. He called our besides the exchange and the use of f'i the views of our correspondent, we the the
attention to the significance.of the incidents deposits, would run up jto 15 or 20 cannot,see our way to alter the opinionwe according bear it to those abilityof having only subjectto suffi-
crisis cent. on their own money invested. this subject in our ;
of the recent monetary per ,expressed upon cient to meet the bare requirements of
I let the banks be put'' under such number. We satisfied that
in England, which was averted by the Then June are life little whilst those hav-
shipping of$15,000,000 in gold from restrictions as would prevent them the working of the l scheme would dis paying of this world's
ing a superabundance
the Bank of France to the Bank of from forming combines and contracting appoint its supporters. Instead of defeating contribute. more largely towards -
England. A letter from Paris, describing ,the volume of currency. The the speculators, it would" 'play goods,the of
the incident, says: government then should in this way into their hands by.giving them per.fectly'reliable their necessary hoards.-expenses Southern .Planler. protesting -
I "This is the third or fourth time keep in circulation a full volume of '. data as to the stores of :

I that the Bank of France has gone to currency to carry on the business, say produce in the country,.upon which. a .
i the help of the Bank of England, during $30 to $50 per capita, more or less, as base their speculations. At present Inter-State Railroad Commission.
i the present century, and the explanation required. there considerable uncertainty in Two recent illustrations of what is
,of it is very simple. The: It may be objected ,that the,government this,and.e. daily see the consequences getting into the public mind upon
Bank of England has only one kind of would have no right to ,call in in_the defeat of the speculative' "corn this subject are significant. One of
E metal in its safes and can only pay in the bonds and pay them off, as,they ers" hatched; by these men. The cost them appeared in a New York journal,
gold, but the Bank of France can 'pay' are not due. Very well; ,let the government also would be immense to start it on which took occasion, not without
its way in silver, and so it does not enact this law: Crush out anything like a complete basis, and it some show of reason, to ridicule the
, have to go around borrowing gold of existence the,national banking system would,be attended by an enormous increase commission because, as it said, "rail
when short of that metal. If the Bank and make bids, for_the organization in the evil of centralization and road managers admit that the InterState -
t of France is richer than its brother institution of banks under, the system abovedescribed government interference with private Commerce act is, a farce, and
in London, it is because its and we shall see.what the business. It would be also an extension that it is violated every day in the
t vaults are filled with both gold andsilver. bondholders will do. When their of class legislation, which would year." Specific reference was madeto
." bonds.are no longer needed asa,basis then, be asked for by others, and we a confession of violation of the law
This chapter of French experience for national banks, they will drop in see C .no answer which could be given by one of the trunk lines, in regard to
seems to have especial significance for the market, from a premium of .20;>> to consistently to resist this The iron which no steps were taken for the imposition -
us., Our growth as a country and the 30. per cent, to par, ,because they only trade, the woolen trade, the fruit of punishment, but "on the
' vastly increased'volume' of our commercial draw'4 to 454 per cent, interest,, and packers, indeed.every large producing open confession Judge Cooley dryly
l transactions call for an increased will not be as good" an, investment as interest might properly ask to have congratulated the accused upon his
circulating medium. Plainly, the money would be in the banking their surplus products stored and honesty in admitting that the law
t we need more money to do business operation under the plan we suggest money advanced upon them, and if had been violated." The second in-

with, but _we need also good money, The, bonds would, come: for paymentand acceded to, the government would be stance grew out of the issue'of a cir-
not something which appears to be the: $60,000,000 434 per cents, come the largest trader in the country.. cular by the Western Railway Weighing
r money but is not. The end could be due September i, 1891, and $568- We regret exceedingly that the subject Association, in which false billingwas
accomplished by the remonetization of 000,000 .4 per cent interest bearing was ever raised, and made to appear exposed. Commenting on this
silver, that we could have both gold, bonds, due or payable at the option under the auspices of the Alliance, circular the Chicago Railway Review
and silver ,to meet our needs, as has of the government, July i, 1907, when, as has been clearly shown by makes the following significant remarks -
I France.-Pacific: Rural Press. 'would doubtless. be cashed. at. once,* Mr. Pierson, it never received the endorsement :
> the money to go into banking' m con- of the Convention. It was: "There are a good many things
Real Estate Banks. nectionwith a like amount of government -' clearly intended_that it should first be which supposed the law, or rather
The distributing power, through 'money, which would run the considered 'by the Alliances and sub that the Inter-State Commission in its
which the money-gold, silver and volume) of currency and treasury notes Alliances throughout the country, and administration of the law, would have
United States treasury notesshouldbe up to about $1,604,000,000, besides, then, if approved by them, be adopted. accomplished. We had supposedthat
put in circulation, are banks, organized the gold'and silver to be thrown into Had it received this consideration if illegal and discriminative rates
E and operated as follows : The circulation, which would make about' we are satisfied from what we were made that punishment would inevitably
government should charter banking $40 per capita, the gold,and silver all have seen and heard, that it would not follow; that cases when heard
I companies: upon real estate security. going into circulation under, free coin have received such unanimous endorse would be disposed of;; that when ques
I For instance, ,say from one to any age. If the volume should be ,toe ment as to ,have been accepted and tions concerning the proper interpre
number of persons wishing to open a large, the treasury notes .should<; be pressed for the consideration, of Con tation of the law were asked they
bank, may do so by making applica withdrawn from circulation until it be gress. would be answered; that when prob- .
tion to the Secretary of the Treasury, comes regulated to the active demands: There are many other ways by lems in railroad practice were to be
I stating his amount_ of money to be invested of the country. which relief in the way of advances passed upon, well established princi-
E say $100,000; then let the The real estate, basis for bankingwas might be obtained, and which have ples 'Would be recognized as controlling -
government deposit' with that bank fully tested in Louisiana.,before been and are now in operation'in other and that when authentic' and reliable -
$100,000 in addition, which will be the war, and for bank issue it was the countries, if it should be though abso information was received it
200000. This money is to be in I best paper ever used in the country. lutely necessary to secure assistance by would be acted upon. This is what
discriminately gold, silver and'govern- None of these banks ever failed nor loans. But we doubt much the policy of I we had thought would be the result,
ment currency. did their money become depreciated. encouraging this system of borrowing;; but so far from our conception is the
It is possible that this bank may, in Under the system we suggest the indeed it is contrary to the principles actual fact that we were about to recommend -
the course of time, have $200,000 on government would furnish and control of the Alliance, which are to encourage to the commission as their
deposit of other people's money, the money of the country, it the system'of buying for cash and daily collect the recital of the prayer-
which makes$300,000 the bank would would go out into the'avenues,of business getting and keeping out of debt. It I book formula "We have left undone
r have'on.hand not its own money. Now in a gradually increasing and is as true now as of old, that "the I those things which we ought to have
to:make that bank, with 'a capital of swelling volume until all the. resources borrower is servant to the lender," II done, and have done those things
$100,000 perfectly secure for depositors of the country would be de and it matters not whether that len- which we ought not to have done,
both government and individuals veloped, property values would{go up, der be the government or a private in- and there is no health in us.
it would become necessary for labor would be remunerative, nobody dividual, he or it will exact the penalties "Seriously, however, the time, has
the bank to file with the, governmenta would want to borrow money, except of that servitude. come when if the law is to be saved
bond based on real l estate From utter contempt some show of enforcement -
$300,000 enterprising men who are developingthe Upon the other point raised by
specified and described In a of and gladto must be made. There is
great resources our country, our correspondent, we are
schedule attached to ,the bond, ,titles, we would then be blessed with a government be able to saythat ye agree not an intelligent railroad man, or for
etc., shown up with the affidavits as of the people, for the people with the principle of graduated I that; matter an intelligent shipper, but
securities as to its value, etc. Then and by the people-a true, pure de' income tax, and shall be willingto knows that it is being daily violatedin
let the bank go into business'operatingon m'o'cracy.-Southern Mercury. work for its enactment. It has the most open and defiant manner.
the.$100,000 of its own and$ioo- r ." been admitted into the income tax To' deny such knowledge would be
000 of government money, the government CATARRH CURED.A in England, where incomes to; acknowledge a degree of obtuseness
fixing the rate of interest that clergyman,after years of suffering fromthat system' are exempt from to; which either of these classes' would
loathsome disease Catarrh and vainly under $750 per.yeaz
the bank should charge, say 4 per trying every known' remedy,at teat found ,a taxation and under $2,000 per year never subscribe.
completely' cured and of the law the commission -
would ctlptlou which the terms
cent. Thus the country get pre death.Any sufferer from thisjreaUful $600 of that amount. "By
lived him from are exempt'on
money at.4 per, cent.-4 ,on its .own diseasesending a elt.addreued"tamPf'd this the,possessors of small incomes are charged with its execution,
J. A. LaWftnC81.M In way .
envelope to Prof. of sin.JAxos8Y.8,1891J
and the deposit is but we have no knowledge any
money 4 pn government's Warren lI.reetl.w York, will receive. the receive a relief, which prac
the government charging no in- recipe free of c e.


\.S. M .... f


'" ..
.. ..
4 .-- 4.-_..wr,_ _"": ,. ,'.;,. ', ',, .__THE-FDO iDADISPb' 'CI 'ARiAfi]iJRUIT'GRO; '. .___ 1JANVlxy'81891core : :

.' '. -. '..... ,--- ..
steps in,that,direction. It is true I full dutyL under;, the constitution. II I 'The,restoration of. silver is not aloneorchieflythe l deeper than any work of demagogues.
SOM e preliminary; proceedings; 'were 1. Since then, electrical, invention, has' b : interest of those who ;Unquestionably the deepest feeling 'in
had,'in one or two: cases,, 'but these rendered the'. and the.*'telephone ? I dine i. ,it, it i is of paramount interest to it is, "that the great rural and agricul.
were' 'apparently allowed toga byde-: ,cssentiafand all.iniporfent'fzc: }? \ ; allthe' ,.peopleof,the country Nor isany tural population have been made" to
(a l lVe: have. firmly) maintainedand tors In this worlc. It *# not" thing,more ,important to the,,world bear an undue share of the burdens"of
still believe that the; law;' if:.properly merely constitutional to ,establish, a than 1 regular and certain money sup society. This simple statement is
administered; will: prove' itself 'a government telegraplj; ifis)uncbnstitu:* JY. In nd" other, way can an approx-: true : There has never been in' our
wise:' and beneficent) piece;, of statecraft tional 1notto, do so.,'It should be\understood oration to ,an' equitable standard_ country any thoroughly well considered -
; indeed, in solar as'it>il has, been moreover, thaf/no/ '.softTpf'plan hrough metallic money be secured. .system of taxation; all has been
allowed to operate it has demonstrated for: employing private1'* corporations The committee therefore advises haphazard. The rich men of! great
its('';power for'good< : 'If,, however,,it through the government to"dog telegraph l ilver men everywhere to continue the cities, while wretchedly plundered as'
is to be,used-,merely:'to: fill a: place; in york for the'peoplelit "a"'profit igitation of' this most important t;of all"uestions regards city affairs, ,have not as a,rule
the statute books and to furnish employment upon preposterdusly-inflafed'i i and, to continue to press paid their share of State or National
foremen: "who'might,be.of, use will,be. accepted byx tneupeople* in heir demands upon{ Congress until taxes. The burden has been 'shifted
elsewhere J ,, the sooner! :it*is'either! 'repealed place,of:government ,telegraph- ,ser- .ree coinage !is restored., Ana above constantly on those l least' able to bear'
'or openlyignored the-'BetterMt. : vice ,to be, conductwTby the govern ill, we urge,the people everywhere to it.: What_ 'is 'the remedy?
wilTbfc forall concerned." "I went, as,the present mail service"is:: ,' i I [uestion all candidates. Congress 'Of course 'in the froth and the scum
Withoiit. much; 'doubt"a''few'convic1-: accost. df"course ijt ,would 'be* ;only nd, :know when they vote\ 'for'them: that rise to the surface when such a:
tions or' acquittals by the courts!under fair for the government to' offer to oat'tlieyltare Voting,,for 'men who'will great question is seething and boiling
the{ act'would settle"i ; its' construction; purchase at a'f faira COJ&iri'the" Fifty-second: Congress'for' there will be some Jack-Cade-isni ;
ami ;establish or annul the':principles i gtelegraph line's sathfac1ory t e'quip'tnent j he:equal'use l': ( ;of both 'metals as money, yarious schemes of "getting even with'
which the commissioners have- set which might'be offefed'ih': ;' (bufIhe '5"the'enthat'' the country' shall no the rich,"'ofJetteri legitimate business ..t
forth-"r' more expeditiouslyandjcertainlythan country certainly would: ,not, consent onger' be' subjected] td the conse-- : of tying up enterprises.' The'
t;. mere_.'arguments and"' recommendations. ,to* 'an appraisal'which4should! 'exceed 'fences* ofi a*, constantly' shrinking only result of such efforts, when'actuated -
: It is not at all surprising that the cost of duplicating' such1 9 TumVof'money and'the'constant'ap-' by resentment and not by apalm .t
railroad'managers as' well'as: outside J lines. ,As to the,profit which"l would' reciation i of gold attended by alevererj'ding : :: sense of justice, is to' drive: out
observers' are': beginiiingr "criticise result /from a government' telegraphservice : 'fafl'of' priceslTne : capital, and thus to make matters'
the Inter state-Bpardfai'a rath' 'talka- ,. it is sufficient to, refe r.:'to' the. discussion of the' silver'' ques- ;worse' than before.
,tive body; *hosej'viIws: ? 'i perhaps: 'are tact ,that: :the corporation;( whlchf at- ion oh, this'side 'of the'ocean. and'theicw'silvef f So too, with schemes for a cheaper
interesting,but olrn 'particulzr'weight. present does nearly all, die telegraph' law, has l led' to renewed judiciary. Of all the luxuries inwhich '

This'is natural,,,-because. ;i although: the'', : business the_ country' pays out'of iscussion. -'. '.,., .on'- '.,.the. other. .side, which a popular movement. can' indulge
institution'of i judicial proceedings-does Its profits a odd'interest: on. acapital'; las given rise to tne opinion" tnat tne the most expensive is a cheap
n !commissioners / : about four,times,as, great.,, ash the ex"' >resent 'is a favorable' time to renew j judiciary. It simply means that'white'
thejr'have,authority' to'begin. penditure which',it would be> "required'' ,legotia'tions with' the ,States of the great corporations shall have the very
th m. Nevertheless' it, 'is'"' 'perhapsjust to duplicate! 'the,entfrc'plant! the I latter' atin Union,and other governments, highest talent to protect them, the
'aswelf that'haste\o enforce the figure being admitted' less than $,20,. with the view of establishing, free people at large shall have 'the poor-
act, bj prosecution has, ,been made ooooo: The,government telegraph'ervice :oiriage i for'both metals on a common pest:
slowly. This 'branch of the' powers: could then be furnished 'atonefourth atio for all countries: Nor will there be any remedy in an
and;d tiesof the commissioners was" the,cost" of' the present" service This ratio, for' manifest reasons, inflation of the currency. All history
discussed at' tome-length'' in'their'fint ; even, asstitnii 'that thus mt& interest ipifld bei5j to l Jnsteadtor,6to: < I: is before us to show that this, while'
annual report and more fully in:, thethird'reporto would,'',be 'paid. on, the invest* rhe conference: of 'American nations, Injurious to all classes, falls with most
The. commissionc s v nent, which is_ an unnecessary ,assumption :, eld last' wii1t r' at Washington, proposed crushing weight,upon the whole pro.
with great force that t it,was of primary as there_would'bedrid. 'need a, further conference for the educing: class. It was tried in France,
importance 'citoJbrihg.thc' interests af. :o '!issue bonds for'the_ small sum'*:'rctuired'to : ,urpose' of'adopting a common silver first by the old Bourbons, and again
fected 'in' harmonfous.relations' l 'to"the' : buy or to build"the" lines: bin for'the, : several'American' States, by ,the wild revolutionists, and in each..
law, and to 'understand that; while' 'it"; To all, or any objections to, the ad. nd a new(conference, with this' view, case it bankrupted: the country., It
revolutionizes' certain methods\ 'it is vantage, of a government telegraph l ;; s" expected t to meet in Washington :was tried in Austria, Spain and Italy,
something more than' ,a merely'puni i he example of Great'Britain' ,alorienot] t January ;next. .. ;under various tyrannies, .and in each
tivfe statute, defining: cririi Laud:'pro< t9: speak of the many: other* countries I In. view of these ,conditions it has country left the whole producin class
viding 'for their punishment; and: that which'have adopted:it,.fs an' answer' ,been, suggested'' that a Bimetallic impoverished. It has gone on in the
its uluiri puiposrii the'genefaVgcfedof so absolute and conclusIve tcf ren [teagbefortiied: : in this- country tocooperate Spanish Republics of South America
.the country .not lesslol' ;the-carriers (ier any other superfluous.. The' BHt'ish" : ? with: similar i organizations and, the west Indies, and destroyedall
themselves than'oC:the pliblifc. This people are more like ours than'ariy abroad, to promote the'' cause of free thrift. Daniel Webster summed!
may ,involve, what'Ti'sometimes 'called other, and certainly:i in"loverof liberty [coinage i 'ofb'oth gold and silver'at' the up these results perfectly when he'
an, educational 'process, 'but" when and '''hatred, of' officialism they'1. aver mints of all commercial nations. said in substance that of all the ma-
many,'coursesoff f'long:'standing, are, to quite' equal'' to Americans': They i ;I The'committee" will be glad to receive ;chinery for impoverishing the working,
be Unlearned, as well'as right'courses find, however; that- gov"errimehtlte1egxaphy suggestions oil this proposition. : classes of a nation, the most perfects
to be l learned J, it is an 'important, 'process is' so''superior to their1 'for*' r f TKe committee* has ''to' add that it i an inflated currency.-ANDREW D.
in dealing with intelligent men, mer'private facilities, as welP.) as 'so'much' | preparation: a:' history of silver :'WHITE, in American Agriculturist..
not' essentially bad'' ''nor* engaged in chcap&'thItiany''proposition; to in the Fifty,first Congress, prefaced by'His'tory t ,
.. criminal: pursuits, 'but whose faults. return to'tne: latter would beMaughedat a of the mint laws of the "
were'in:' many respects wrong methods in England.-EDWARD BfcLL-AMY, ;United States, and the demonetization BEECHAM'SPILLS
i in the.. conduct of, a l legitimate' :busi. In"the Forum.I ,act'of 1873' which will be for djstributibn"when -
ness.r- It is for this reason:that theconssion' j I .'. ; completed. _:cT ..ctxoON f26ot.
: has given 'more : attention : A Demand', More Silver !j( A. J. WANNER. Chairman.;; A WEAK STOMACH.OF .
to the educational' than 'the punitive I The National Executive! Silver I >-. .. a, :moo:=
''t&rt:of its duties:-Bradstretff; ;Committee, in their recent report/say:' How. hall the Farmers Use The IrI ALL DRUGGISTS.C -c:
e [ Metallic money'must relegated* I Victory? .
,to natural: regulati&nf through' roduc Matiy of the sharp; "smart" men,
GovorBmesti. \ and the 'Telegraph. i tion; from the:mines .metallic money 'Who afflict the country, see in this OUTFITS
'I think I.'am' safe'in saying.that all itself must eventually be given' upi simply a movement'promoted by demagogues u.w rtarttTto>t ..1r.
nationalists 'agree'that the ':first :business ':' :Metallic money,' ,the!supply.andusepf and' prophesy' that it will ...1f0.td art.to.skilh ..A
: to:be nationalized-should- be' 'the' which as'money controlled ,by legis, liave'tb fate of other such move, a.d ruts l.pr.v.d.e t1 e.rta L.KkI.N.I..I.dt..lIVY..p..et ski. r.w. tL is.tw ..
telegraph and telephone'' services., lation, is <4eprived;of its hi&hestqual! me'nts.4* Others, naturally conservative ....tnn..4 R..$.Iw..v p..w roe A4 VLnu1r.rt.e N I.w..d K1et.If.r..vkf.II. Ci'.e.I.niZRR.FJ ..
The Constitution'of the United'States, ity as money,' which is natural-regulation } see' in it a simple outburst of LD/OReP"V 4I'CA1-ehMrti1Y k
makes if the duty of Congress to establish ,< thereby securing ,comparative cfudeTanaticism: which will soon run
atKrf! "b'conduct a pottoffice.:: The stability of value throughilong'periods its course doing perhaps: .considerable T. V. MUNBON,
'business'of a postoffTce is' to furnish of.time. damage by: the, way.. NURSERYMAN._
facilities r the traHBiissifn) of' intel- Hence, not until;: silver is restored, \,,do not share iri' either of these The Introducer of the great and good
l Itgeaee.: At the,airae time' the: cone: to its constitutional place as-a:money opinions : That: demagogues here Parker Earle btrawberrg.-
stkution:was :adapted, the' transmission metal'side,:by side 'with: old" in, every. atidi, : t11et 1'have: attempted to'use the' .. Bi'Iillarttawm: GRAPES.
of Interrfgence l was effected mintage*right and* legal.tender function movement... and that many of them.are'at I Derman IlomlDltl Jael'er', '
wholly by;ther'carriage of letters;' and ,will ,the: silver question beset; thisv' moment bending all their off Will malt hU valuable catalogue of'tried
by 'provldfngtfor f the 'carriage' of let- tied; ,and not till then will agitation *'ty-"profit( by it, is a matter of I Southern irulte T. MCNftON.free. AcWrH4i-. '
ters the government discharged its this question cease. course. But I see in it something1 far I Fleaae mention thii paper.DealaouT.1141-!&



rJ.uuA\I.,8.18t1J: THE FLURiDADPeTGiteKAND: ,f.lWl'l':1JRO\' : 3
.. ...
.. .. -- -- '
-- f
I I i end is the small a little and sawtwo more. lying down
pfthe' Jt
bedillrerentfromtheivaluatign' i at ,year. : f
1'It 1 ferent"articlesmay; ;
33leee Her Bright,Eyes
'' n'die able I went to
b tbif" count' final and not to get up.
talkie, <
is unfair:and,ungallant to the last: ; _jn 'the The: "'may : re-sult-DairyWaf1d.: the house, got an old basin poured
: be less. feedingvalue;
degree for the Florida lawmakers_ to more, may article -largely itS --. ...".. into it about a pint of.sweet milk and
establish a,School of Technology for digestibility.of-any. "The-raojfidigestiblethJ Kerosene For'Hog'Oholera. into, that.about a cupful of kerosene,

| article the late.there. has been., reports
Qf )
than mod andeach
the a
with. no assistance,other ; : rate of valuation adopted was:foialbuminoids of, the. efficacyof ,. in :put it under their'noses one
est'offerings of the'public :school sys .. fat clear .took, a couple l of sups, getting advantages i.6t!,cents jper;,ppuiidi treatment of lPg,.cholera.) "As r;, atatern :
entitled to equal oil off the and to
,tem. Our girls are the pure top my
for of them will have 4.2;c ts"and carbohydrates: cents .s.t.. !\cnt as we have. seen, ..regardingthe in less.t tflall.twenty{ minutes,
many ofathem'may per, pound., On Xtijs3basis) of valuation :- remedy.is,'the,following, from !theIowaff0mcstidrjVnVLtn surprise; corn
themselves. Some commenced
to take care 'that in some'kindsofrfood Andrew got up:and : ,eating ,
the table shows by
cafefor :husbanc 4 ,.thrived that time
have to : a: and-hved and from ;
you can obtain nutritive ele- I Conner) of; j ippey, ,la. r Four yearsago
and view of that 'kerosene the ,rest and
in the near future, in market were the ,on.. I gave to :
; mentsexceeding in.valuethe: "! .when hogs dying by '
would Of
selfishnessalone 'sick course
probability price while others are below the market : hundreds all over the country :and' had no: more '
for n'l
seem to,demand that;she'be' fitted I 'hadfourteenggod'hogs ypu, may say itWas.not: cholera, 'but
altie. The dairyman* J..s e my.iaimediate. :neighborhood, ;
be well'sup' dirt what you'pleaSe,
that must
Our it '
duty. men J call worms, or
relativelymore ,rather shotes,
by this,table Uia: he can get or : would.all
satisfied that they
ported. .value than ,t h ; urke price-in i il' about six months old. I expected f I am still! '
_There are so"few of our, girls prop- ,' 'have, ;died had it not been for the
.Ask l'cottonseed_ meal l and maltVprouts'thanfie : them to, commence_ dying every, day i r '
efly fitted.for the battle.of life., : timely t ,uSe.of kerosene.-Ex.. .
for I can In'' wheat bran, while it may not and kept} a sharp lookout After .
JRemwha ,intend to do a .
,they ; .: t ', waiting
induce'him:to'give 'up' feeding whea} about three.weeks watching.and -
will that-she is fitting '
.and one say bran,,:it-:may4nduce'himto herself to teach another expeCt itf' whatever and enterprise;* :but it never atUnds the
"she-typewriter while' uting.: one or the other.,-onboth, hope'the disease-cholera, or BaU'I'Coagt
of Dr.
'to'be' administration
third a pretty to make dresses at adollar part, for wheat bran, and,o seI.ye..th it, 'was-: -:hid .:gone< around.,me. Syrup.prompt. .Prlca 25 cents.-
a expects results. The table will be useful as'a were of ,very short duration, .and soul refused
: One' little maiden My hopes+ ; ",M)" sore ran,lr the Eight! my
apiece. bright that she 'interid- :guide; ,selecting,different articles,_ret !fbr.6nejine.morning: ,, as,,I:,went, out .to to be comforted." ."Toor fellow! Of
answered me recently the.market price in I the' one in ,it did; Pity he couldn't.get Salvation
him take hard being,had,to' feed. the pigs,- saw best course ,
ed 'to marry)a'man"and make lifferent,localities., What '.the buyerrants the lot. lying dead. I looked around .)t1. Only"23 cents.'*
care of her. Bless her little heart, she / .16
is to'sze'tth most for.hisjmpn.eyi i ,
t I will be all right if she gets; a sure enough dieed "'to'tbe; best advantage: ..

.man,. but the good Lord help her : I
: little
Where 'quantities are a
should she miss a man and nail;onto
.a'f' dud I saving daily .makcs.quite a ,large sum DMoUs.'Brilliant ,

It.is-,-high:.timefor-our, : girls-tp have ;

s a chance beyond'sewing and teaching. :
'Intelligent fteadersr vill >motiiM tiut .
' The., $tate isnot4popobr to provide

' fof;jJ girls every .educational advantage

} .. that" will prepare them:to master Durable ,

(sheuld'do or-mistressj' its; all duty.the useful. :art?,and it TiffS: PiI I S Economical: !l lr

shall have something more .io say '

out.this,line,before long.i .r an,4feeaaes not""warranted. bn&oal7'to mr,.*"eb t ll_.Ie.} ..'.sa.... _Diamond_ Djrea. excel all others, in Strength,,Purity,.and ;Fastne Noae'j,dh r are

i TOM:SAWYER.Relative I ;from a,disordered liverTl s, good.,, ,Beware-of imitations,because they are made of,cheap and inferior materials
'He a.che"DYItl."I I*, just-as : success use only,the,''DIAMOND-Dm> '
: Vertigo, ;sad give poor;weak,crocky colors To be sure ofr: .

S-. Values of.Feeding'' .- Stuffa feversCostiveness;'Bill iw$ -rOt.cplormgf? loesses, Stockings, Yams,Carpd ,.,f esihers,. Ribbons, ,&c.,,made&c. YTe and warraat to. 'give

i :.;*Dr. .'H. :Reynolds, :of: Livermore; Colic Flatulence?'etc. them,,to.color more goods,package for,package,than any other' dyes ever ..*-.-

{Falls; Me.:, .contributes :the: following, tbeeo they{ are sot warrantid iMrfsHbk mere,brilliant and,durable colors, *kfor the DIAMOND, and take no other.' '

I to s,the, .American: Cultivator; Nearly ,'rev ,bnt.ar..J1oarl.oA.Ub. ..SoHlpcetal f Dye, :::Book,Sample Card;dfrectlcn! for coloring Photo'Addret.,malting! the fiaett Jak orBbdag,<
e4l' lfrice.sow -'" 'SoldtirIruPta.
less dbl0_Jlako ayers 110 aBu'quart'etc.
.eyftry.farraer> purchases ..more'or
j largely,'of'feed stuffs.forhis farm stock. vn1ZSv E. ,WELLS;.,.RICHARDSON & CO.. .Budington, VtDIAMOND .

Many Eastern farmers seem. to thinK ..Fcc Q -.Amides.8ion zic I SAINTS I Copper Gold. .Sliver ealr I?Hroare Ceuta.FAaey .
Western: US :
that they can buy corn cheaper U i' .a -
raise,, that will, !' t c.s II O -
than they pan 4tt-so "D
..Yih t xornf; ,,)|bran. cottonseed.meal' ;and if lt'
*: bthersubs;; \ 4 inces] are purchased; (ane'< : s !! ;::II'B'S .

total is quite an item with most! of our _c"...o.o A -5:1 I ID'' Hardwood.Ashes

farmers. rln'purjchasing1: : feeding!! stuff s j a.it !Se5 ':- .
it is to and'oQtain the <'2-tO the head of the list for quality
important try i_:; .!!ic.>> Rank at :
full val e'of the money:'expended in =le==...cStS the Lead Everywhere.They .
articles;purchased., '$pme.: ticles_ Qf t -2!! a oer mod} j:ake. ;
.ft : :Q and where other
i ::M: and Umbe'r. BO
' -food are higher in proportion to their, l ti : .g ,_ are obtained from mills manufacturing No other car brand wagon Is obtained from sources that tn.inrti .
articles a "i:2: g is, than the best of bardroods.!
'' value than other f.ue1. will buy
tritiye .. "D" Hardwood Ashes
: 0 invested in
: a h".z olUr
.., ,..... so uniform a quality. A ;
-"aad to-that-extent,may be less l advantageous -.so--= p; .... pore actual plant food than in any other fertilizer pu She market..A.CI'IJA.L .
The: Connect- ", l .' SooaM c:1'.2 -
to' purchase. BESUJLTS
g..8.g 1.'. .... ...
-- -
the "
,cat' Experiment Station, in report -.J!5 P-ilJ" convincing than mere'theory based upon
'" are more
for .1888, publishes a t table;of the principal .,.L1 ,'to \\-j&opa";.tz:aa.a'S':.S"lit"f sam 0 hemlcal:Teat; are analysis the put or growth a printed of experience formula,hence the grower who has proven to bis own sattsabuopthatpure -

;. feeding stuffs, giving the -marke i .! irdMg! ; hardwood, ashes will make thrlftyand productive grove or
I ) -" j ; : .,wUnsify .
J, ; -: I'. ';. 5=ei. o g.. o rcbard pix the 1l Meet soiltand that,too,for less money than by them.any other the strongest"means,. ashM
recognize in
'"'Ji ::SeO to.thejnertfaofthU'brandVfor.he.will at once
.. i
; ...I ... : I.rIl-n:5: I!-+e For'prlces,terms.ndotber particulars. ,address. ,
followIng used.
The : ever '
he .
} reliable:data obtainable. C :A-J: .. .:f= t a''1iid'Z3 ..' c. E. DEPUY,

k is the table: '.. :J:,= !,:1 ;5!=! ,liItoekb"' .',.Mt' Ipa.

Selling ValuaFieds. -. ..i ili ==i4 e-i!
.. .' .. = .
I price per.ton tlon. .... (I 1j.t:s .. ,Q 1I-s1 .--- 'TREES! TREES, TREES-!
87 ; u u:3 = i. .tiK': ; I'G
.._ .$%7 75 130 y. ,
[ Cottonseed+ mea w.
-Q .caD
,'Lteated meal,old 32 25: (26 i 92 (::0..g c- NURSERIES
process Z.SodcCD MARY
; -C. .: ... .... GLEN ST. ,
; .
*.Wheat bran ,_ .::"" ..... 20 00' 20 22 "IS 0 2 II 1& .
} Wheat middlings w ... 22 f 0 21 20Rjf __:IiI.iiJiii. :! :-!file S1dw G. 'L. TAB" ,Proprietor,Glen 81-Mary, Fla.

I ,bras. .- ...> =21 00 : 19 f9 4dQ" )h.ZCki1 l at11 r.El1-rZil: .5ooyaricties. All home grown.. It will pay you to
Cornmeal ". .,. ...... 21 10 1950 Eo. ..I..Cj: "" lt. .. ', sojooo ITrees,! Send for catalogue and price 1 list

{i U.- Glttfeameal ...., .. ... ..ZOO ..2588MsAtTprouts """.,. '."' ,!!:z "i e r rite'to/ us'before purchasing' ,elsewhere. "
I "' ............. 1700 ..m27I !) o:: 8a =1!!! li ;peck) prices oiv.large }lots.

I t 04middlings ............ 2500 2481 .# =Z-Jg tz tI1aOo :
The valuation in this table is cal \ i = =
.t1 t1-5 ::11UIJ CURRANT
.aculated on "the basis of the chemical 1 :
food stuffs ,reck"Ofnng ... 2 'ffip'ttSJiBfjii.
composition:of the ::: : : NEADQUARTERS.
.' the different elements at prices .0. : Jjg !;t:= J Jf $T
: '3 3 I3 .Ur T
estimated to be near their actual value l : ".>. __ .1;Is 1Li1! f iaif ;

heitctualfeeding value of these dif- . isT .
.. ">! *- .-I >*



..'- ,.. -. ."




M QUH6TIONS .AND REPLIES.AH BARTER.. ,COLUMN.Definite .. Wanted to exchange-Pure"Golden Wyan- [NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.)
..... ;. dottes" for White Wyandottes, Plymouth
resionsMa qoestieBS l ,oom&ff from a snbscri Rocks or White Leghorn Address. Wx. o.
beL wtIJ answered as promptly a* possible and: exchange offers inserted freer; State-what Aw DRUBS,Archer,Fla. 116* BIG
w1, ieat fhsim: tf addressed to-tide editor. at Latrtey." you bare and what you want.
1tep1Ies can sot be siren by mail. Specialty In.Foreign Grape Vines. Chas-
--- Open to subscribers only., semi Lnttlcbau. best mare et and by
I weekshe.. AArliMit In "Rlnrlrlji grape rlta fnr
9. ORANGES WANTED. R; H. catalogue. H. YON LUTTICHAU, Earleton" : -
Koni e Hepburn, 'Hardin'county, I wish to exchange seed.cane of the sweet FLA. 10-26-H Premium Offer !

0W We are, too buy to handle or- caasrva'for chufas. soja beans and McNeil
; peas. Write, stating which yon have and Asparagus roots for fall planting
nngoe. You 'could., get, a :Tew boxesebeaper how much. Also 1,000; .acres of No. 1 heavily Tbe best kind for florlda For sale at 11 00 _
from New York. timbered Und In. phosphate! belt In Pasco per hundred,'by A. F. WOOD, Box 75,Jacksonville -
county. Will exchange! for .city property. Kla. 10-26. THE
10. PEAR CUTTINGS.A. CHAS. F." MAY,Eustls,Lake Co., Fla, it
s., A&K00Q, Huntington, FJa. In PEAR TREES.-FOR LECONTE, ,GAR- II'LORTDADispatch
Will BER'S .
sour OTHERS.
exchange APPLY
orange trees stock forpeach
sa&dj soC the cuttings ,must be watered or plains.: Also an an 80-acre farm In TO B, W PARTRIDGE, Monticello. FaIG26 : Farmer and Fruit-Grower
and shaded more than .in clay or loam. Polk county Mo., for a stock groceries. -* ,

Take them fresh from the trees alter,,the Land Is clear of all incumbrance;,title per For one year and a\w>py ofWbitller's
fect. Address John W. DEAVEB, ,, Verona,
are pretty well over, and set them F ortda. -
at lefs.M. siX inches deep in a moist rich It ijLORtD lSP 1{ Gardening in Florida
soil. should TBROWEII ,
They not be less than a
qti&fter-inohthiek. over them ''a
t tRMrR' tARMRSAU1ANtIk.rluncuwutw FOR $2.00 !
partial or complete.shade, a'staging cov- A -
ered with brush or old sacks and high lns Insertion in,, this column adrertlse-, goKsouaerre watitiia WhitnerS. Gardening in Florida is *
enough to walk under. the menu must be accompanied by the money.
Keep ground
Advertisements handsomely printed and bound book of
must not exceed
'J moist but not'soaking wet, and keep out Postage Stamps received in payment. fifty words. CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher 250 pages,b toga comprehensive treatiseon

the weeds. When they are well rooted Count eve word.Including name and address. the vegetable and tropical products of
ia the fall the shade may- be -gradually.. ; I - -=-=-= =-= ::a:: = l lnrd.. hv Prnf T. M. WMtn r. A.. M_
removed. Terms tai Subscription: This book- is much sought after for its

a 11.:ADDRESS W ANTE >.If anyone of year-old For aJe-Four.year-olddatal Tangarlne buds, to'cnts;two- For one year.' '...........................$2! 06 practical information,
oar readers knows the present address stock,very fine,25 cents;on Sweet one Seville tvro-lnch bud, For six months ..... .. ............_...100
of A..M. Evans he will please communicate i- five feet high, well rooted and ,wry stocky, Subscriptions In all canes cash In ad* $2.00 buys the book and our
,.. it to this office. 20 cents. Other varieties also(for sale cheap.- vance,and no paper continued after the expiration paper for one year. .,.r
Lake Mattle Nursery,W.B. WALKER,Manager of the time paid for.. ,
12. ADDRESS.. Alfred Hardy, ,.Riverside ,Anbnrndale,Fla. 1-8-St Hates of Advertising application. This is certainly a grand offer. Send
California. The address REMITTANCE should be made by Check, in orders at once.
you Kor Satsuma
want is John B.: Beach, Melbourne; FJa. trees. address FKANCIS orange and TBUBBLOOD Japan. persimmon,Archer, ter Postal;to order Note,of Money Order,or Registered Let C.. \V. DACOSTA,
13. HYBRID CITRON. I forward you Fla. 1.Ht II'LORIDA. DISPATCH AND FARMER Jacksonville, Fla.

by this evening's mail'an excellent preserve Headquarters for two-year branched Le- AND FRUIT GROWER, -- -

fruit. It makes the most deliciouspreserve I. Conte, Kelsey,Blood,JhabctYellow Japan. Jacksonville, Fla. $60.
uoiaeniseauiy: ana oimoni $60.
I'lumson juananna -
I ever saw made of any,fruit of. roots, from three to ten feet high.

the citrus family. I know no name for'it Marianna trees and cuttings. Pomegranates, A Favorite Paper.,

; please give it a name. It is the only Figs,,Umbrella J.H. GIBABDBAU China and,Montlcello.Pecans tree'Fla.Address Mhe publishers of YOUTH'S COMPANION THE BEST, IRRESPECTIVE OF PRICE.J. .
,tree of the kind in this
country. 1-1-U have Issued a beautiful Calendar for 1891,
let me hear from you. JENNIE NELSON, Ocala State and Leon .County exhIbitions ; un'que and convenient, which contains also
Dade City, Fla. First Premium Grade Jersey herd Stock for the Announcements for next
The sale low,, by Wx B. SCHBA&EB.' year. Amon
specimen sent was of the size and ; Talla the
hassee Fla. M-2t new names which will gr.ce this model
shape qf a medium orange, rough as a folks'
young weekly) are the Lord Chief
Cypress tanks and palter
Florida lemon ,with cisterns aU sizes; also
an imperfect navel :test and cheapest steam pump In tbe mar- Justice of F.nglantJ-Colertdge-. Seth
mark, a sweet peel about threefourthsof ket. Address FLORIDA Box.t BASKET Y Ao- Low the venerable Hannibal Hamlln Camille
an inch thick, and very little pulp after -TOBY, Center Hill; Fla. 12.25.6&For Flammarion -
Sir Lock
the numerous seeds were'removed.. sale or exchange for Northern property, 3en. 0 O. Howard. Rev. Lyman Abbot f
We submitted it to Mr. A. H. Manville, two orange groves of five acre each, and ,
an acknowledged] authority on citrus house and lot; or' will exchange for orange Jules Verne, MAX O'Rell,Julia Ward Howe, I
traIls but he declined grove north of Orlando. J.E.,UKOVBR, Port .,Walter Besant, Benson J. Lowing, the em-'
! pass Tampa,Fla 1223-8t'
nent historian and Carl Lumholtz. Truly
oas identity without the foliage i
seeing ,
etc., Beggar Weed seed,pure and free from chatr. host of names in ,themselves, sufficient jo
Quantity required 'acre,4 to 6Ib..
per ; price warrant the success of a paper.
per pound,25c., 0 pounds for'2. Add lu cents _
per pound ex'ra' It order Is hipped by "'all. r ',Five serial stories promised,by Molly E.
: REDUCED TO $25KOTEj Place orders at once with EXCELSIOR 8.ED Seawell, Rebecca Harding Davis, Jule M.
Fla.PARK, Jno. A. Germond, Manager, Keuka, Llppman, H. H. Boyesen and Elizabeth.
Bellamy. A popular series on the latest discoveries -
,HIATT Home Grown 'Nursery' Stock. KelOer
on In
their science will treat of the stars, the
nirn"and Tnt?nntA molL GAl'hPpia.
Hybrid; Heckleand other pears,-and apples sun tbe moon,the earth,the ocean and the
AUTOMATIC ORANGE SIZERS LeConte roots Fig,,:Pomegranate, pe Gulf Stream. J. CALHOUN 4 CO.,
cans Kelsey and Marianna plums. LeConte, There will be another
one and two years old Peaches and grapes. popular series on RXdUSIV8 DEALERS:
Hundred now in use. The best and I Write to PULESTON & Co.,Montlcello.. Fla music by Mme.Albanl, Emma Juch', Mme.
12-1 -4t Sordlca, Marie Vlin'Zandt and Emma

cheapest ..bera. made. Will size 400 Wanted-Sour orange seed. Write, gtvlgn Nevada, while Amelia E. Barr, Mary A. NATIONAL TYPEWRITERAND

boxes day. price, to M. E. GILLXTT,South Lake Weir, Livermore, J'no7June and Marlon Harlandwill
per "
Fla.; 12-W- tell what a girlof sixteen can do when SUPPLIES.

.- Send for descriptive circulars .,and Lady Canvassers Wan ted-For Jacksonville, thrown on her own resources.

; testimonials.E. city county and.In vicinity Florida also,for one a ready for every selling city article and Full Prospectng and Specimen Copies sent 52# West Bay Street,

only used by ladles; good commission paid. Free on application. New subscriber who

H.'MOTE'S ,AUTOMATIC Address R.' Basin, 101 West Springfield i send IL15.now. will receive the paper to ZACXSONVILLE.LORmA..

. r Street,Boston Mass. 12-11-71 January 1, 1891,, and a full year from that

ORANGE SIZER CO.Leesburg Very fine one-year old Villa Franca and I date: NrA000ARTCR$ IN AMCMicA ro* Music Boxrs
Eureka lemon buds on four year old roots,at ..
Fla. 36 cents each. F.E. WELLS, Bartow Fla. SDFERI01tetitiSdURtil
12-I s-* What. Mr. Norton Says. 9Q QUALITY

|OQf THE CULTIVATOR I For Sale-Budded orange trees, large size, DEAR READER-Having read Mr.
QQf strictly first-clas, 20 to 40 cents.. G KOWE,
JiUlf Okahnmka,Lake county, Fla. 12-13-5t Vtoorehead's experience plating with : I

Giant Bamboos, same as at Ocala Exhibition gold; silver and .nickel, I feel it my _
,60 cents. V
'Country GentlemanTHE Imperial Japan Persimmons
(rut: weighing as much as 18 ozs.), 25 duty: to inform others of my success. j
cents. First-class two-year-old orange wine ,, R
BBST OF THE It per gallon In quantities of ten gallons Lr. I[ sent for., a Plater'' 'and have-.more I _.
Orlando. 12-14 4t "
work than I can do. It is NoMnslcBoxes can beOasrsaUsed wtthootOaut ehi', r
AGRICULTURAL WEEKLIES. Wanted-A position to take care of an orange surprisingthe latent Safety Tone change. Patent.NOT.12.1899.
M grove;' 7 years experience: good refer- spoons, casters and jewelry that Old Music Boxes carefully Repaired and .Inprored
DEVOTED TOo ences. Address,SYGKA, care of M A.Rice,
Cltra, Fla. 12.18-4t people want plated. The first week I

Farm Crops and Processes, WANTED.-Twenty thousand Hart's Tar-
Horticulture, & Fruit-G rowing. dlffTrees. Correspondence with parties who cleared $37 10, and in three weeks CHOICE POULTRY

Livestock and Dairying. can GILLETT furnish BBO&sphagnum,South Lake moea'in Weir,Fla.car lots. $119.85, and my wife has made aboutas

The SubseripUon Price is fLSO per year,bat .J ul7 U J. .I have. By addressing W. H. AND COLLIE DOGti. .

we oe*a SPECIAL BBBUCTION:In our Wanted-FIve hundred Jaffas on good size, Griffith
No. 1, storks. State size and price. Ji'. G. & Co., Zanesville, Ohio, you White, Silver and Goden: tVyandottes
CLUB RATES FOR 1891! SAMPSON Boardman,Fla. 12-13-51 ;
Great bargains desirable can get circulars. A Plater ,costs $3. White and Barred Plymouth Rocks; Light

TWO $ S5.,RWTIONS 10 ODe emittance, 14 I Send for desct 1 ptlon very and price. J.L.real DERI estate.BOX, I You can learn to use it in hour. Brahmas; White, Silver Golden and W.X3.
lfX..ne do d. an
10 Lakeland,Polk county,Fla.! 49 12-13-51 B. Polish; silver and Black" Hatnburgs;
TWEl\"E llCfU..neNS do do .
t To all NEW sabseribers for MM,'paying 18 Macartney roses make beautiful,evergreen, Can plate large or small articles, and Brown and White Leghorns; Hoadans; B.B.
cuttings for Red and Pit Games.
la adva&ee now we will seed the paper sale. JL ONETLL,Falrbank,Fla., 12-13-16t. can make money anywhere. I now e.G8t"IeDacbBan
weekly,from the receipt of the remittance,to tams and Guineas variety.I .
I, Jaaaary. ,l.l,without charge. FOB BALE CHEAP- 00' acres of splendid have a nice home and bank account, have the agency for the Monitor. Incubator .
VBtfBsi.Speetmea laf'q1tnl'land within five miles of'Jackson
j oepIM tree. Address: ville. The fine+&' tract of land In East .Floe all the product. of $3:'invested in a ,the best and cheapest In the market. :
LUTHEK TUCKER A 1 WOK.,Publishers,' .. .
ida. Address Box 707 '
,Jacksonville Fla '
ua Albany,N.Y. u-13-.t Plater/: : "S. S. NORTON. Addnss, C. C. PAINE:1'\ .

/-. Federal PoInt;FU.
'.>: "
::" ; :
; ,
: : r: < : }
M .



....,.,->-r.- .



";.rANU RY 8,1891, ] ,

-. ,

-, pointed sole agent of the' D'amond Whlu.
Cheap Substitute for'glass on hotbeds, Grape Company for Florida and Georgia. SPECIAL HIGH GR \DF' COMPLETE MAS HUE
cold frames, etc. Three] grades Light,Mwdiem Write me for special terms for vineyard
,Heavy. planting. Great Inducements o1TCred.E. For Early and Late Vegetables. .
.D BOI8,Tallahassee, Fla.,

For Florist*, GardSners, 'Tobacco .
Jtti c
: :
.J. : Growers etc. .qou: .0
J Protects from frost promote hardy vigorous -. ec--:::&:sf

growth. Will. n:t bhrinfc or- mildew. .e f '.S'hS...
wi .
\ ; tE.
0 8 J I
:: 0
r1-z: .. IIF
ec eo-oJM.eAi
&kI -
: ..S;
: :-.c
fry-goor-s houses,setdsme .:.
For sale by.leading a=
!.florid etc. For circulars and samples go..cv?":=
',apply, -==;

27 South Ht ,New York,.N1' Y.
.; '
Agents wanted. .. .

Also waterproof( overs from 2%cents per' .1___ f1i: ., ; I

square foot ._ ze =i".t t III
: !." S.c....,... .. r .


I, ,'S. a.dI
'Faust and Margarita." ....:IIII"ro" .c.c-t::;:

A NEW GROUP PBICE$12" :yI fi-o. =J.JH"eMx!


Faust' sees Mar- ,g&::f.::1.,.,...=. Photograph of Potatoes ra.H'd on Bowker Fertilizers exclusively

.jurite for the first s";":=-a.e 0 The Eowker Fertilizer won over all othtr fertilizer In the 1M. potato contest producing
stably manure,
:::" c C seventy bushels" than that grown on any other fertilizer,
larger by
time as she is walking Mwwao!t a or crop both combined,the yield being 738 bushels,and taking the grand prize of$1,10)

"in ,the"street and t a VMMM..Qt The ,Bowker Fertilizers stand over 90' per cent. on a scale of 101))

." <,.' :; z2_ Fertilizer means the Greatest Success -
accosts her saying: ..r i. J' .CS"'SA.cI jJ..If In! Solubility; and Solubility in a

"cttir+' lady, may I thus makelree' t< CJ in Growing Crops.

To offer you my arm and company?" r In Bowker Vegetable Grower we seek to combine In the proper proportions thoeforms
she leaves him : of our piant-food which produce a-strong healthy plant; In a word,to properly feed this
She replies as STRAWBERRIES. will withstand\ disease and ature early.
that they
class of so
crops high grade
; .,}:am.nQ.1ad7.am_not fair( .. This fertilizer like Bowker's Orange Grower. is manufactured machinery. It
of the most approved
4*-* Can wl'bout'escort home repair" We make the original Virg'nia material,:.thoroughly and mixed give more and lasting screened results by tha than aid ordinary fertilizers, will act quickly,

- An illustrated Catalogue of all the Ventilated Fruit Carriers for and will spread bar been farther used successfully for potatoes, beans, peas, cabbages, waltrmellons, cantaloupes *

groups now published will .be.' mailed; Strawberries and Tomatoes., If Illustrated and all roots Pamphlets and vines.containing Interesting reports sent free to any farmer'who men

on receiptjOf) 10.-cents. : you want fancy prices for your tlons_ this paperBOWKER I

The group will,be? delivered: free of Tomatoes, ship them 'in a No. FERTILIZER CO. Boston and New York.
'.expense at, any,railroad: station on receipt 41 f.r a NO.42 Ventilated Carrier. <

of the catalogue price. Early Strawberries in a No. 34 A. M. BOND Agent for Florida Jacksonville.}

*,' ; t', .; -; JOHN;'ROGERS,. or 36 Crate 'Catalogues, prices
'- 14 West 12th St.,New \ork. free application SECURE !1THE
and samples on THE SAFEST! MOST
Southside Mfg. Co., y

.-: '* { Petersburg, Va BEN'EVOLENTENDOW'ME'NT

Leading Photographer t.l-8t

'Of>the- State..: Estimaton1. : I" BEST ,OF THE FRATERNITY.

VtI'E'W' 8 .
'- -
/ CL S.S.
Up to 18x22 given on application., 12- -4mM

Incorporated 1889 under the Laws of Maryland.The .

of this Order are to unite In the bonds of acceptable Equity aDd Fidelity al
le pmvMelmmpm-
objects : to
and 6) who are socially
of 16 ,
the ages """"BI
\vblte persOna when a.ck'or disabled,| T7II |
M t" assist them
I beta with homes; death. Pol. I Benefits for I
Insurance,I and to provide for dependents In case of
Life HICK Total DisabilitHENSFITS
direct Benefits comprise '
I Sick Benefits. I tine and HBNJtFI'IR FOR TOTAL DISABILITY,and hot1:
with Trust t'ompanltft. *":iub rii are
WINDMILLS$,. dQILDLl'G. ,ullDoDtl. are,Deposited flbllltyof loss. Its' officer* are busl-
w !imply .ecured ag"lolt every poa Home Building BEY1:1'OLEaT: YlflUF Ar% V'W ll V ff>I Tl.lKtlUUn >.
'FCrcePum"MINI Less men f highest Integrity 7 11260 an'l' 2 .OOslck bent fltareekty
I at the end of ___ __4 year; T"iiXX T.
1,0O In or
f.5'O B membvrHhlp 1333.83 calle
Slicers l lTl ;
Ear Corn wuu n hire year ,
lend for book ffrtng ; membership. Pas'* ''or a Home costing;f om IUOO t 13,00)
infonaatioD ITM.ENTERPRISE otal disability arter three year's' monthly rental. At the expiration of four
full n seven years at a cost not exceeding ordlnwry of the amount of (this or tier! ) ceriin. > teand bal-
R MEN ONLY! CO., Jean a member can draw three-tenth at ezpiratlon of the eventn year. IX: T11E KTEST OF DEATH
Ill- tnoe or amount 0t'ertU1cate one-seventh oi the amount of certificate will be
Sntolok. membership
and every year seventh If a member ODe
f for each the event of a memt r'.death,vU: one
eralandMBBYtI beneficiary In
of membership.
paid to the ,and In proportion for each year
member two years
eu of Body and jrear.two eventbs If a
' of rrtmi ozYtl.batt < its Members to Secure Homes.
ill. A D t.Dy IZ.io 4. gin t.a4r i.1 Enables ,
CIiDATRWPYDOBt AfkPAT4rtNrt..ahlf. ttowciLiIi devised in the way of beneficial
' .
BOli ?at&TSlalT-ae.tat, la a try.Agri feature la a marked advantage over arrythlng: ; yet Members of cnr
*O.tat..ad F.r t .CeaatrH. WriUtkralv JjceAtisc This members of a co-opera We eudowment organization.
Dar 1 uaLN.YI pr.*rk rtUed(eats)hen advantages to the to tree holders.
f ERIE MEDICA!.co.v BUFFALO,N.Y noble order are raised.from certiflcafes at any one tine, and,except for the
rater .eTHE' cannot hold more than one certificate -
)Members shall not be allowed to take out more
property, ,
.'W'KE I BEST. purpose of purchasing
H GRUB_ STUMPMACHINE. D.M.Fsmav It Go's NATIONAL In any.one LODGE year. NO. Applicants who relde In localities attend Lodge where meetings no Ledge
Priced ce)
IHustrated,Descriptive and settled residence,or who cannot such
have no ,
who of the supreme
exist, the om".ers
trol of
2,under the co .
SEED ANNUAL] .c.n loin Katlona shall not Lodge be required No. to attend Lodge meeting.,but will recehe their notices' direct ;
members him.
,For 1891 will be mailed FREE i io II from the Supreme Secretary,and make their payments to
Works on .. aB appBcants,and to last season's*I II COST OF. MEMBERSHIP.
,HhtrSTAMOIM6TIMBER } customers.'It is better thaa ever
using Cards, JiUU'rat-. Hul/rate.
Every ( Examiner's Fee..10.25DuesforCurrentQuarter
onSTUMPS.. Flonur trFit&Sttdt.thoold Entrance Pec.... ...... .,. .13.00 1.100|I Supreme B "flt Cert Medical' Arate....*...... ......*.;..,4 LW
send for iL Address ,. .. $l.0 n -:t:;"" '
Will pull an or D. "FERRY A.CO. s Aaseaament -Fu 1,1150hatfl.). ?&< ., .. |
din Mruut : -7;
$ DETROIT MICH. and Responsible Organizers Wanted. .
Largest Seedtaen in the waelaBATEIJTSTHOMAS Energetic '
BAKES information: Address,
CLEANSWEEP Bend for circulars and pamphlets containing

-. .. ... .....OlaI'.sitUas.A...reele tae..1nI84...b.r.aN, .ne.s Mer..aa.paal.. ...,- a M SIMPSON- ,WMh- -. ; 228 E.Bltlmore* St.,Northwest Corner of North,
h. hT7 s ,
....U.STM Tetr will r.r Ibr tb e llaelat.., Ii win e&r atria s.d"a O. No atty's.fee _. Supreme Secretary' BALTIMORE,MARYLAND.
.M rid tM to 1Uuuue4 Ca&aJorH. obtained. Write for InvenOr'sOuld J :'
a p.aal.sM
...._....iaIa.*- -'cLrMe So.... II" ""' mil Patent 14.2t
AMES.MILNK'A SON,IIIHI ../ .*./. *. ...-,
v'n .


.w. I T


--. _IS __. __ .-:._ _..' ._ _. RI >A-.DI8P TQ.H, FARMER: AND FRUIT-GROWER.. [t 0ANT7AKY 8, :1891

<':::' '---:- : .' *THE. . LiEA'DING: :Ft.rRNITUR'E"HOUSE- 'OF THE -S'TATE: :A "

Q'44 :


Ce,.,. "; ; r T1''" : T. Latest: Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites-in Antique Oak :-

'. ,, lJeJrle.e ', :' '\ J. ,:t,- -'-- :" Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut.and Imitation. Hall.Stands, ..
: 8ellCltefl." ::8 Bed Lounges, Willow Reed and Rattan

.:.' .... _. ., Goods_ Desks of all Kinds _and
:: ,a_, 40 -
WE ;! LL" AND 42 Styles.
W "

:YOU THE,.BESTGOODS ;l. 4.rSli\ <- -, _

: >
< :
/; -- ,. LA., ..
Carpets. .. Mattings Curtains,Window" Shades, Hanging Lamps: China and' -
'. j.
|;T,. :.y r Crockery! .Sets,.Tin Toilet, Sets, Mirrors, Curtain;:poles1atidrBrackets.t .

-:-.-:\: Hotels aoardin.Housest Shins,'Steamers,. Offices.and Private Residences,Furnished from Top to Bottom.

f *j..When. writing: ,please mention this paper., '. .. ,
,' ._ .
,1 ,. : ', ..' .' : I i ,

' ; .,,;.. ..'w. ;", ,,,/ #-_''."" ;," : -: :--L, .:, ..".'-' >\:y;-1;-,iJ. .'m'u.-E'. ,";;\FR- -:At.N'V'LINSYSrri! EMR r :.
'. "'. .;.... .:.. I' _t,r" ':. -, .<
i ,. .

-OFtt .

: ; : + R RIGATI 0 1 "i' -
'.t !j ,_ '
: :'

A n : .

: :, :' .Simple" _and' .reliable.,i ," Gives greatest.quantity ofwateriforleastfexpense.

:;:' ; ., i ia
., r" ', ,
... : *

,, -x. '::j: ., ,.-'.:', '.-'-Lf. ..?,.jI. ';.; L :" .:,'.",' :' Hydraulic,Engineer, -.FLA" ,"-
3: s h 'i.'
Agt. forHallSteamPumps: Root's Spiral Riveted Pipe: and Fisher Governor.Jacksonville .

., Florida. _

Deaers. I I and J of" ; Grade Fertilize: :
-. i ryi ? :aP1nufturer; \ : s High ;

;: Orange Tree and truck 'fertilizers. ,Cotton and Corn Bertiiizers. *" /

All: Ordde of fertilizer3Caterlals ton Band "at Lowest Market '3Prrloe. ::-: : ". :

ATe 'manufacture all our,own'Roods, South Jacksonville. ,Oiirfertilizers aremadefrom; the best materials.

We have: r.ece 'tly purchased the, factoryandgQbdtwillpf! | ; the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando;Fla..

Shipments ready' November. ; .* Write for- pamphlets, ; \.;and' testimonials.

|iJ., ALEX. LITTLE,' Secretary and Treasurer, ?
,. ?. -.".". ,,* .\ .'. ,-- **fc
.-... .., .... .',',- ..' \ .... ,- -ry
: : : :ORANGES 'f f ; ic'. HA.TVKIN8. VEGETABLE.S : '>; : : '
:"::. ;; ''..:a : ,. .s FBOFBIZTOBS OF THK 4.
u i Fertilize -ai Gore :N"Ur.er1e.: ,
Sri d1e's l YetttabIe Fertilizer.z ', Jr iRejsOraugeJ't g e' '
With to call attention to the fact that they Have the genuine Riverside or Washlngtoa. Na-
vel Orange,budded directly from one of the finest grorea In Riverside, California, we bate lone
J'' BOfleafldPOt1Sh? >ear ondf carrying from five to eight handsome specimens the fruit. We have,toro l
t'1ne' .varieties ot the Blood Orange,the Maltese Blood and the Round Sweet Blood. Theyareboth
U extra fine fruit. '.We also have the two best varieties of-early oranges, the Centennialand
PurdiueGroudBonJ; Parr')Brown.-Also,tee Jaffa,the varietyrwMeif! tooirtn nt prteeat. tbe atb FlorIda -
j 'U Dry Ground Exh1htUOa last February. We have a hill lit4A' (other.. euru..Tal1et1MaJo'; "'Fruit
Boni. .. __
-- '--
and Ornament&ITreee. Catalogue free on apptfeaiien.; : : .
\: ... ("_ ;.Srtptete/ef Potash_ .. W.'W.pA: w.JUK. .. .. acsfAit: !r,- lJ' .aheeergeF&i."PE ,, : ..

-'-- Tobacco. Fertilizer, Sea.'Fowl :Guano, 'Patent? Superphosphate>> oi f "s i; \FOR.ILLUSTRATED PROFITIN I LIST THE>!BEE.SOUTH. .- ...- -

Lime, .Muriate of .Potash, 'Nitrate. -of; Soda, Kainit, .&aBRADLEY : Jennl'gs, Nursery c..;'Tr.ssaa.T1lle ) > .NIAGARA3-BUD. CUTTINGS
.. .'Oe.rgla.Nait .
>OB'8AIJC. '
: CO. tad -- : :These eattln.s are all from bearing uses.A .
:"OSCOOD"SCALES! ll orders must be In by December lf J_8O.
:- .. I .. "_. .
: : asd
.. .. "per 1000.; Orders of 10,006 &pward4va5
/i- ;:E3cS'ToNr. """ :.A B&., f' .U 8.Standard 1 ,per:cent,,discount. -
: mate 'agents for the kale of ,NIAa&iI.
d ,. .. : .
Brancla AUGUSTA, # -UBXKN_ Yl&es.I .
; GA and Motnn'.Allf'.l'nap8"
Office, cmtriaL;] t'p 4\l
.::1. l::POLLARD() (i'1 'linger.. :=09CML E.'KOLIU; Fli. 8tIav. 1 ,[r-TON.'.S"3'5 I..w.; 4PloueetzofQrapaCultu_ HAYI ES'TOUNO;: la:8euOil& RAILgy,.,

,., '. ,. "
N Y, ,
M ;Correspondence e :" US6I9II T IIPSlN.lItPu1tf ; Box 4 ; CkJAa4e,
'. .': :::t. : SoMoitedU.:- "" ,..;: .,. .. -:. .;. ,..; '... '

.. ,

.. n1. "


.. \
'- : -



t The Clyde Steamship Co.

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia -

and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.

i t'r .. ", A' .
Ocean Steamship Company.

(Central or 90 Meridian Time)
w Passage Rates : .

,. Between Jacksonville and New York: lit class 125.60;Intermediate,$19.00;Excursion,f&50
p Steerage,I12L50
!Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin$27.00:Intermediate,$21.00; Excnrslon.f47.33:>; Steerage,114.26
THE Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail aa follows:


(Central or 900 Meridian Time.)
Charleston ,and Florida Lines i CITY OF AUGUSTA.Capt. Catharine ...........................Friday Jan. 210.00 a m
Mew York I TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher. ?.-___ _..........Saturday, 3- 11.00amixo
# KANSAS CITY Capt. Kem ton............. .......... ..... .....Monday, u 5- pmOHATTAHOOOuEE.
t. t't .Capt. Daggett........ .................Wednesday, 73.00 p m
<. ,, TAe aapiftcot..lt ".1 JNI of this Line are appointed NACOOCHEE. Capt. Smith .............................. .......Friday, 9- 4.00am500pm
CITY-OF BIRMINGHAM,Capt.Bare............. ................Saturday, 10-
to fail as fellows CITY OF AUGUSTA Capt.Catharine.......... ..................Monday. .1 12- 7.00p m
-mm.I TA T.T.A'It ASSEJi.L: Capt. Fisher..............,..........-....Wednesday, 14- 9.00 p m
1 R... New York .' .' h rer. ".. .... lie. KANSAS CITY \AP Kempton...........C........... ........... .Frlday, 16- 10.00& mCHATTAHOOOhEE
pit.,z. Z4 TBAMML, >Wled. Capt. Daggett............ _._ ........Saturday 17- JLOOam
". NACOOCHEE. Capt. Smith.. ....._..._ ...?......._.? Monday. 19LOOp m
at 8:00A.M.
Friday, Des 2ftth, at 8 1'. M.V."CHEROKEE" Thursday, ,Jan. lIt, CITY OF BIRMINGHAM Capt. Burg........... ..........Wednesday, 21- 3.00pm
4th at 10 M.Wednesday
3Co&d 7 Dec. 29th1.at3P.x.8EMINOLE" Sunday, Jan. A. CITY OF AUGUSTA,Capt. Catharine .................. ...........Friday, 2&- 6.00 a m
6th at 12 Noon.
Deo. JIIK. at 8 P.X. ....IROQUOIS" Tuesday, Jan. 1:30 TALLAHASSEE Capt.Fisher ..................... ....-.Saturday, 24- 5.30 p m,
8th at
JI"r14ay 3d, at 8 P.x. "ALGONQUIN' Thursday, Jan. r.x. ...__.......... "
Jan KANSAS CITY Monday' 29 7X0 m
:, 'bat 8 P.K. ..."YEMABSEE".. Sunday Jan. llth at 4:00 A.X.Jan. EELtCappt.DaggetL... .. ., p
Monday : :! .. ......_.........Wedne.day, 288.00 pm
_4 Wednesday Jan ''7ta. at 8 P.K. .."CHEROKEE".. Tuesday, Uth at at 6:00 8:00A.M.an. A.x.. NACOOCHEE Capt Smith.........,........... ......................:.Friday, .. a*.- ,.DOa m
Friday; Jan. 9th at 8 p. x. ..."BEMINOLE".Thursday, Jan.. 15th at 11:00A.M. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM Capt Burg........... ................Saturday, 81- 9.80 a m
Monday JanWth, at a P.x. .IROQUOI8" "nday, 18th
Wednesday. .Jan. Uth, at 8 P.K. .**'ALGONQUIN" a.... ay, an. 20th at 12 Noon. FOB BOSTON.
FridayJan.. mS, at 8 P.K. ..."YEMA8SEEt'.Thunday. Jan. 22d, at 1:80P.M. GATE CITY..Oat.Doane................... ...... .......... .......Friday, Jan. 2- 10.00am
MoB4ay. Jan 19th, at 8 P.x. .. .CHEROKEE".. Sunday Jan. 26th, at 4OOA.M. CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt Googins......... .....,........ ....Monday, 6- 11.30pm
W a7.J'aD. 21st, at a P.x. .."SEMINOLE"::. Tuesday, Jan. 27th at 6KOA.X. CITY OF MACON Capt Lewis....-. ........__.........Saturday, 10- .OOp m
Friday Jan. 28d; at 8 P.x. ...'IBOQU(> "....Thursday, Jan. 29th at 7 A.M. GATE CITY,Capt..Do ne.. ...... .._............. .... ....._.Wednesday, 14- 30pm
Monday, Jan. j 5th, at 8 p.K. .*"ALGONQTTIN" Sunday Feb. 1st, at 9OOA. K.wednesaay CITY OF SAVANNAH Capt Googins..._.........................Sunday, M. IS- 11 a0 a m
,Jan. 26t h, at a p.K.....YBMAS8EE".. Tuesday, Feb. 3d, atllKXA.x.) CITY OF MACON Lewis.................. ........_.Tburalay N 23. 3.30pm
'Friday, Jan aoth, at 8 P..4'CHKEOKEE,".. Thursday, Feb. Ctb, at 12 Noon. GATE CITY, Cap .Da ...___.__.........,. .......... Monday, 20- 69Dp m
Mew. CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt Oooglns...... f..... _..... .. ....Friday, II 3' 9.tOam

Johns River Line. (This Phip'does Iron Carry Passengers.)

; St. DE8S0UG,Capt.Aaktnl ............._.. .......__...... .....Monday. Jan. 5- 1130pmDESSOUGjJCapt.
.Asklns........._ ..... ......... ...............Thursday, ** 15- 030pmDE88OUO
Capt Asklns............___._........:...._ ..........Sunday, M 26- 30p m
,:-To?,Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on'the St. THESE PALACE STEAMERS, "

., Johns River. Connecting, with the Savannah Florida and Western Hallway (Waycross Short Line)offer
+ '. *"**,' :.. _to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
.. .. The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal points North, East and Northwest< .
,-' \:iCJIJIyOP: : ;r.A.oXSOtr-V-ILLE: :: : : ,. ''' J. P. BECKWITH General Agent, For information.and CHRIBTI.AN rooms apply Soliciting Agent

". .1 *. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville.
r W. .
i : Oapt. R. L.WALKER Agent C. G. ANDERSON,
:.:- '. PeED: :CEe.A.E: New Pier No.85 North River New York. City Exchange Building Agent,0s.RICHARDSON' .
k A BARNARD' Agents Lewis' Wharf, Boston.
Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr. W. L. JAMES, Agent 13 8.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
D. HABHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav.. Fla.A 281 Broadway..Y.
Are appointed.to sail from Jacksonville dally except Saturday at 3:80 p.m.,and'trom G. M. SORREL. Gen.Manager. W.E.ARNOLD Gen Tray.raAgt..,Jacksonville, Fla.
_ i Sanford dally except Sunday,at 9 a.m. -For Tickets apply to S., F. &W.Railway office.AVJLJL .

Down. -
Leave 8:80 P. x ..........:................Jacksonville ......................Arrive lll5P. at.M T Av
8eOP.! K...................:...........Palstka............ ..............Leave! 7:00 P. x. -&, ::1: { .A.. EJO-C-El.EI: ; .
M 1:30 A.M............ ..:................Astor. ....*..................,. M 2:00 p. M.I. WHOLESALE
2:46: >>,A.M........................... 8t Francis. ......................... 12:45 P. x.
u 6:60 A.H..............................Beresford .......................... 'UC5A. x.
u 6:904.u.......................:... Blue Springs......................... 11:00A. x. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
Arrive 8:00 A.x..."........................ ..Sanford........................... 9OOA. x. ,
M 9:16 JUK. ........................... .Enterprise.......... .............. 9:80 A. X.
Also Steamer ETK&OUIOK(freight only) from Jacksonville for Astor Mondays Wednesdays 20 BEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE FLA.
and Fridays at 6 p.x.. Returning, leave Astor Tuesdays Thursdays and Saturdays -
at 10A.M.:
J General Pa8ee ger.and Ticket Office 88 West Bay Street.
Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits Meal
I : F. M. IRON Half 6E&W"1'.,Fla.Pass.A gent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville Fla. Hay, ,
I W. J!.eei>Ef FAT,Traveling Passenger Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville,Fla.
JT. O. FJBIiOTy Frt. Agt,on wharf foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville Fla. COTTON SEED MEAL, Beth Bright and Dark.

.. ..J'eHlL BeW ARB, I'la. Frt. Agent, foot Laura BU,Jacksonville Fla.

t J. JL JLB8LIE. 8pt., toot Laura 8U,Jacksonville,Fla, STATE AGENT roB PURE GROUND BON,

T"TAMTffAr H. CJLTBB, Asat.Trafflc Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. J. E. Tygert; Co.'s A
; THEO. G. BGBB,Trade Haaajcer,5 Bowling Green,N.Y. NITRATE SODA,

i WM. P. 'CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, Star BandDF.xALTaiertilizers A MURIATE OF POTASH,,

.'IS 8.*tb WJUUTTM, Pk11... ..Iit.. 5 Bow 11 up; Green, IT. ?. *
Orange 7 7 y fH'

Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co. Fi TIT tZ1nt.. r A KAINIT,

These Fertilisers have no superior in the market and a trial win convince.


____i Office, No. 729 Reynolds St, Auonsta, Ga ,

with practical-hint to beginners,is worth sending for. It contalnsyalnabK. information: to.
I C. D. DUNCAN Florida Salesman. alL with a un of all the choicest varieties ..fhe citrus fan111 r grown. Peaehes. ,
and other -
cUma Pearl e oflFlorida.AOnrstockP mnoo'n><1 hnla one of hetsato .-
Orange Tree Ire t
Americus Fertilizer .. ..
Everyone should have otU' .rug I d 01U' .e ter. .
WPIEROE.lidlas 8prtaca. Lake vo..ay.ORANGES. .
Americus Orange Tree, No. 2,

Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate, LEMONS,

Americus Pure Bone Meal. Americus Bone and Potash, POMEGBA1TATBB FIGB.. YktllTEirEJRsBRffls1 I J BANANAS PINBAJPu.a.

Americus Fertilizer PEACHES. AVOOADOPBABa,
Strawberrr TaCPICAL 3D 8vissencALIrpiN GUAVAS,

Americus Sulohate of Potash QUPP LRS, .I! f..TViS1 Tm IlMeIL11 ANON AS,

: Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. a Y1AJLIY eraluSI CALADIVlf9, tiBAM1300t3
r; _
.' ; ; : PLUMS AJDra1aEUVoI W. a TOU8EY Proper :
,.-IJ IiaPaanseaat D.F.'WI Maadaria. FU.: >>r. E.FD1ght, -.unw.r.F1Lt I". D.li .
aeac4e -eat-l'lA.r M. P. lti>--..la,111a. .c" '" NUT TUB JBW tefser, Nl1JO.r..' 1tHtJ. F1 kI.L ,m0,1R c
,w ..as earrerpc BdlB..to s ()WK FIBTIL1Z C
........ .... |Bem* .. 'r-rFf. I I PdIM8.

I : .

-- ,

., -. ... I'
-- ,... ...-... if ,
# f.
.. : : :

,. ': '
,". ( ,;::H- .


:-:: : ; <&j :! ;
: .. ,. :

L' ; -
U '*"*:';-' .. ..' J. .<4 t.to, '

"Blood: .and Bon; __ Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,

>> v OPiire, ',JFirie: .Ground" Bone, V. Linseed Meal, ,
Animal Bone and Potash "
Tobacco Stems, .'
Blood Bone and ,Potash "'
Canada Har.dwood'A.sh.es: ,.

t''e Chicano. Bone Meal, b Sulphate; fPpfush: &0,

', .
:orange Tree F"ooc1.. Bearing:: : Tiroes. .

Orange: ,Tree iE ooca., Young Trees.

; .' -V-e.ge"tab1 an.c1. :Pc tatci; Grower.t .

(.. : .


: J<", t.. .. -OJ' '1'-...'. Made- Expressly for the FRUIT,AND TRUCK GROWERS OF FLORIDA.'

''Milwaukee-Florida -Manufactured by the-
Orange Company.
!' r l.. B. Darling Fertilizer 'Company:: > Pawtacfcet, K I*

CHOICEST:Strains of Distinctive Varieties of Citrus: Fruit Trees a specialty. Our,stock Southern Offices and Warehouses, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. i
complete. Prompt attention to correspondence. For catalogue and:price 11 W. H. ,MACOMBEJR, General Sales Agent Bostwick Building:
Via., AJ[L. DUNCAN. Manager, DU 1ed1n.'FJ/u Our.Fertilizers have given Universal Satisfaction the past season. Send fur Catalogue,
-.. ., giving prices,and testimonials.from some of the leading;growers.

; 1891. .Home Grown,Honest,Reliable. .

> JOHNSON&STOKEJIGARDENAND, I offer you ny'Vegetable and Flower Seed Catalogue for rO
J 1891 FREE. Note the immense variety of seed it con ,
tains,and that all the best novelties are there. Not .
: CHOICE NOVELTIESBULBS VegJre!! much mere show about it(you don't plant pictures)
-' FOR SUMMER FLOWBRS. I SEEDS S I but fine engravings from photographs of scores of the.
GARDEN TOOLS&:Pour SUPTUKS.: ,'FIOlarN&WJI8T I I choice vegetables I bare introduced. Would it not'
JOHNSON A STOKES,217 A 819 JUrktt Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. r AtiO G be.cn to get the seed of these from first hands? To be the
: ., oldest firm in the United States making mail and express
.r _r business a specialty proves reliability. Honest and honJsrorabte -
,FOR dealing:is the only foundation this can rest on. My Cata.
S : A second of will
logueisFRKK matter on page cover
"ROSESSEEDS': I SPRINGPLANTING.' 1891. interest my cuaw ersusuaL J.H..GBE608T &SON,Maittehead, ,.MM*..?1


if you. pat Rose,Hardy Plants,Bulbs or Seeds,we would like to'tend' you our NEW GUIDE, C)1\lEJ: :J:1'T"'v-EJST1\lENIIJII: : : :
KM pace*,beautifully illustrated,FREE on application. You will find it useful.
We oler all the Choicest Novelties!best things in NEW ROSES HARDY PLAITS,BULBS
'sad SEEDS,postpaid to your door,satisfaction guaranteed. Our business is one of the largest f
ta the Country and we will be pleased to serve you no difference whether your orders are largeorsaaa. Building and Loan Association:
Write to-day for our,New Guide FREE. THE DINGEE A COfJAM)CO.WEST MOTE,PA.


Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of'AppLwlla Cherries,Plum Cur. .
prevented by spraying with the HPT IOR. A.Yi The terms of this Association have never been equalled in Florida It offers terms that
3TJMP. GRAPE and POTATO ROT l''using EXCELSIORalso should euable every man to,Instead of paying tent to a landlord, have same sum pay for
I.A.CK. SPRA.YEBc 'd Injuriouserrrri which infest wane property in a few years 11 offers beet terms to S ,-,
n .
C 'err G Ose-oem: 8-nMi erries PERFECT ;. '7.-*
T Catalogue showing alt inj nrfous insects to fruits mailed free. Large ''. l'L
stock of Fruit Trees,Vines and Berry Plants at Bottom Prices .'> Write,for particulars. ,to the above named Association ,

Address,WM.STAHL.Quincy,Illinois. 5 Everett Block, Jacksonville, Fla.. .




-- ORGAN) t ;

i ;-, ,T PIANOS.. BUY in August September' 4 11
October and pay when t
Trade Mark. ,
crops are Bold. Spot Cash .
Prices. The Lowed known.
December 16th No Interest.
I Will Make Hens Lay! 1 Our entire stock-any make-
Tiftf,,Twwk,Workman? Durability 5 I Will Make Chickens Grow!, price or rtyle. BEST Sam
QUMMERl I mer offer tre ever made.
B61tIIROI'f',21 and 94 East Baltimore Street. I Write for Circular-
3 w York, 148 Fifth Ave_ This food is strictly ,fresh meat,'carefully lUALE 18U3I3IER OFFER 180O
..... 817 Market
egton Space.. cooked
i ,ground fine,seasoned and hermetically N
,DEAFNESS sealed in 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,it 1890 LUnnEN & BATES, j
L can be readily.paired\with soft food,and fed SAVANNAH. OA.
I "
so as to give each'fowl an equal share. Price I
ITS CAUSES AND, CURE 80 cU per can; S3 per doz. Address HOLLIS '
Betoetifioaliy Deafness aurist of worldwide Boston, ',Mass [Mention paper.Ito I IA A SCHOOLFitting ,
reputation: eradicated and
entirely cured,of from 20 to 3)years'standing, BREEDER
after ail other treatments have failed. -How *
tile difficulty J.1 reached and the cause,removed young men"for the'actIve duties of life Golden, White and Silver Wyaodotte
,fully explained in circulars with affidavits chartered! by the legislature of Virginia, and ,
and testimonials of cures from proml- endorsed by the Chamber Commerce,Council,
seat people,mailed free. and prominent citizens of the city where located. 'Plymouth Rocks S. 0. Leghorn
fir.A. 'ONTA.NE,19.East 14th St..,N.Y, l+catalogue,circulars and testimonials,address ,
f.CfDUNSMORB.; President,Staunton.Va.
and Pekin Docks.

SSIMUBATORSimple Eggs from choice selected stock at all time
Ii Choice Fowls at reasonable prices.
Perfect and Self Reg.lat. The Three-Doliar Bone and SbeU Kill and
lac Hundred* in taceteetal operation.Guaranteed Poultry Clover Cutter. Prairie State. laeu-
tohatchalaneri peroeutace baton and Brooders. Circulars free.
-- "
-l'PRICE-t' pamphlet of Information and sb- I of fart a.etas Mend at sees 6c.east for DIu.than Catalasoql any sh ehatcher. E. W. AilSDEN, Ormond,:Fla.
IIIIIES HARNESS ': sOb the laws,Sbowins;How to l ftrctilrtfre, ,CEO.H.STAHL QUINCY ILL.
..,kq..i Ire.FACTORY..r MIfM.EMETS' lasses O seatrs..
P1.M. 'A**>**LEATHER M TOP -
2khrt .. s x. Open ; FRUIT
:P9.1S. A f*.4 ftlO Bmgfy Harness,S4.M.: ilaw T.rk.r
ART. I f| | ZIMMJRMAN evwr";
"" j U S.BBOOY AND.C. OO4; e ''R E E =
PMEnrapt atcm .niartraWd Catalon*free. :
Clnelnaati Oblo. TAE BLYKY Sd1M8N WOBKB ce.ctaaust.... Dt.LDu7dont,8tl1Cekibusd yaBa4as,3LaM. ,


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