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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00159
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 18, 1897
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00159
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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: FLO: IDA P A' ; ; < '. ,'







ANn F'RUITGPVEk.; '


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$2 PER. ,YEAR. ,- WITH WHICH IS, INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. $2 PER YEAR.. .

s. ,

8. Powers: Editor. JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA DECEMBER 18 NEW SERIES.Vol. .
1897. WholeNo.1506
,
Chas Vf DaCotta,Business Manager, l8. No;81 't
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--
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T -i THE POMONA, NURSERIES -

'.' .
Li. lAIN
New Ca.ta.=
'NEW CATALOGUE
logue for iI. NOAGENTSIS ; I,' 4
FREE. of the Reliable >' _
J- 0- ,
'
Tears
Will bce ready to mall In October. Established > I '

Glen St. Mary Nurseries T:. \
One party.writes as follows of our 1897 catalogue: "Will you please send me a copy of : _
your valuable Nursery Catalogue.- I had a copy but have loaned it. I find so many Interest- .., '
,.; ing things in it that I do not wish to be without a copy..' 300 Guaranteed Varieties. Fruits and Orna ,;; .
Our new 1898 Catalogue will contain all the good features of the 1897 catalogue besides mentals. No insects. No connection ::: '.:.:. '.
many new ones. Fully Illustrated with many new Photographic views. We offer a full line with any other nursery. t- .
of Fruit and Ornamental-Trees and Shrubs adapted to Southern Planting. G. L. TABER, -t>

:; Buy urserymellwho Fruit Grow 'j''NO AGENTS Glen"StiMary' Tim.. .<''"'#.'':;' = T; .

;. Tees rom are rs, "-, .:, ;

Everything for the South. Pear,Peach,Plum and Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes ;, 1i- -;; : 1'-
.Nuts,Ornamentals,Roses,etc. 350 varieties. ; : ', .. < _
A million and a half trees,over 300 acres. No better Stock to select from. None so { "
large. Catalogue free. Address ,
PO fONAb'iRSERIES: ,
Y' The Griming Bros.Co.,Inc., Successors. to W.D. Grlffing,.Hacelenny,Fla. ,



SEEDS' FOR FALL PLANTINGBeans THE LAKELAND 'NURSERIES

WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.
MARSH POMELO (Seedless), JOPPA LAtE ORANGE (Seedless), TAHITI LIMB ((Seedless)
Refuge Valentine and BeSt of All, $2 75 per bushel. Golden Wax,Black Wax,and Ward SATSUMA ORANQB (Seedless), EUREKA LEMON Seedless .
wells Kidney Wax $3 25 per bushel. lettuce California Cream $t SO per pound. Cabbage ( ;
IaIo to $3 00 per pound. A full line of fresh and reliable Seeds as low as first clans Seeds C. TO. 7S7SRSH, PROFRieTOR.
'can' be bought for. Florida and Georgia Rye and Rust. Proof Oats. For prices and varieties
write for Catalogue to ORANGE
LEMON, LIME AND POMELO TREES. s
,Lp CA.1\1ERON: : : Seel.S1n.a-n
Send for Descriptive Catalosrue. LAKELAND. FLA. t

125: E. Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

ORANGE TREES. :

The flQilutattkeeHplorida-. Ofancje Co., -- -----------'- }:.

DUNEDIN HILLSBORO CO, FLA., Ofl THH flfll DV T IFOIlIflTfl STOCI S. ,.
Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experienceof 1
thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely SATSUMA, PARSON BROWN, TANGERINE, KING, KUMQUAT
known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin; Parson' Brown, POMELO, ETC. ETC. <'
< Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa,Majorca,Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seed-
less,Pineapple, Homosassa,and Tangerine. Tardiff and King,Duncan and Marsh Seed- Budding i Wood For Sale.
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat'(superior ,
r' 'to-the round). Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor Dormant Budding on Trifoliate Stocks to order. }
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to r
,, A fall line of Fruit Trees, Field Grown Roses, Camellia Japonicas, ,Evergreens

., Milwaukee Florida Orange Co., etc. "'

'' DUNEDIN, FLA. 'NEW LIST NOW READY.,' .

SUl\MJ'X': }
1 ( NURSERIES,
F- t
'I-} GRAFTED_ PECANS, D., L. PIERSON, Monticello, Fla. ; 4

Satsuma, Mandarin,Tangerine and King Oranges and Seedless Pomelo all on

.-TRI FOLIATA .STOCKS.Celestial 15,0.00! BUDDED TREES J ,

Plffi,'Mulberries,Poaches, Pears,Plums,Bones,Grapes, Persimmons and ,
=a Ornamentals. Everything times.clean Send and for healthy and prices to suit the hard All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon -- ,: ;(
Catalogue.
roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.' 4i
Y -1=tRC1=tDI1=t NURSERIES ;
Also of varieties and full line : '-
strawberry plants newest a of tropical
G u. GIEABDEAU, .
Prop. .
; Monticello,Fla.
1jj and fruit and ornamental
semitropical trees and flowering plants. : ,

Catalogue on application. ... ./ '_

JOHN B. BEACH Indian Nurseries ,' i. .

4f NOW IS THE TIME. (Established, 88iyer If L',, .,


-. To send in your orders for FALL and SPRING delivery of FRUIT TREES and ROSES, WEST PALM BEACH, FLAl' | '\ ;1
;' < rt ETC. We ure prepared to receive orders for 50 000 Citrus and other fruit trees. We can ._ < ,
i furnish all the standard varieties of Orange and Pomelos, budded on the Sour, Sweet,'and l. ;' :
r Trifoliata stock. Our trees this season are first-class and the,best we have ever grown Fifteenth ear of Successful iif '> ', ".
7 before. Write us for prices. Special prices on large orders. i '' FAIR DEALING .
VEGETABLES r
} Choicest Citrus stock; ..
FRUITS .
? S2 Troplca1andSeml-Trop-.
,_., Budwood From B'earing'Trees. PRODUCE '' teal! Fruits, Valuable ,
-- W. receive and tell,la car load or smaller.lot.. Economic plants and '... .
of We- will furnish Budwood for dormant budding of all-the leading varieties of Orange and anJgrodacU,-,
_Pomelo,prepaid to any part of the State. Price,40( cents per 100 or$3.50 per 1,000. $,;HBTtrKSY and PAHM. Market BeporU, vines ornamentaIplailtatreel,shrubs }- ':'t
u, .For fail particulars address, INTEHLACHEN NURSERIES, References eta,free upon appueauon. Address o' '"Palma asp etC.fiend'+ : F :
fcV Ka 611 liberty Street PITT8BUKOH,Penn'm. for large Illustrated ;: --"ij
1 cat f-
HASTINGS & W.VLIE, Proprietors. SOMERS, BROTHER & CO_ 1+4 alogue.. V ." ::,.f1..
T } : \\c\ **,. ? INTEBLACHEN- FLORIDA. 'i 1USOIEI BMTIEI3. -. 08COt FLA. ';
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."' :802 FLOBIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GBOWEB. DECmBER, 18. ,
-4 ..,_.' .'-., : THE i1

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.r+, >' :''PINEAPPLES.DO,I -
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; YOU KNOW Talking
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.. .' I Bicycles
<.:,' .- .'RUSSELL ? .
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.. _' SEE THAT CURVE.
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.of Fancy Pines in .-.',' \ '._..:<-'' ',. 'J.,

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ICS'i IT'S QUALITY THAT AIDS THEM TO ,
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TALK FOR THEMSELVES .
i ..' ..., "' The:Celebrated INVAHEOE and FAIR OAKS PINERIES are known
"
m: 'thiogdiiot: the UNITED STATES. .as producing the FINEST FRUIT EVER PUT '
.
,"ON THE MARKET: IT'S THE SCIENCE SHOWN THAT
>::..'k; To produce Fine Fruit you moat have "

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AIDS THE QUALITY.

4- FINE PLANTS. t < .,

.
t. I have for sale more Fancy Plants than any Grower in the CouLtry, and. a ,
h:. ., reputation SECOND TO NONE. .
\, Purchase your plants from the:PIONEER GROWER of Fancy Pines, and you
1 get a GUARANTEE that your plants are absolutely TRUE TO NAME. -
,Price...List now ready. WRITE AT ONCE 19 l sea iings--1ll: : lbsI s


; BOX 61l'GEORGE I. RUSSELL Fla. ...
,; : Orlando, : ) ,'>
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66aatS, days ahead of them aJ.l..99
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Art 4 cents in
Catalogue Stamps.
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'j I J Railway.

p KEATING WHEEL C0.,:HOLYOKE; M. Ss.I .

t, 3. flBOHIELT TIE SHORTEST RODTE.

.
.
.- ....VG8 PULLMAN DBAWnra BOOK OAKS, DINING CAM, TT7ANTED-TRUSWOSTHY AND ACTive weird and uncanny that I took to my
f V gentlemen or ladies to travel for responsible -.
d ". w; fHOBOTJOHFASB OOAOHBf,'VEfiTTBULED TBAIK8. established house in Florida. heels and never stopped until I was
Reference.Monthly$65.00 Enclose and expenses.self-addressed Position stamped steady out of the woods. There must have

envelope. The Dominion Company, Dent. R been a hundred coons in that tree if

: NORTH, EAST AND WEST.. Cbica there was one. Lanterning for coonsis

I!" the only way to get .a whole lot of

: TVt DAILY, TRAINS BETWEEN, FLORIDA AND TUB BAST. Lanterning For Coons. 'em. You want to be particular,
Wt s ': ::.:.t- If you want to get coons, and a though, when you tree: your coons to

Washlagtea and Southwestern United whole lot of'em,."' says Roger Hayes, tree 'em in a tree they live in when
,j. in the New York Sun,"lantern for'em. they are at home. If you tree 'em ina
:-, And the United States Past Malt Lanterning for coons is the only wayto strange tree they won't stay there,

'. hunt 'em if you want to get a whole but will come down, and unless you
,. :: aLT'.,' 11 ]![JAOZ80I7ILLE TO VA8HINOTOH lot. "*It's excitin', too. First, tree have some one with you to stand at

7 .. :" t OILY 27 EOUB3 JAOI80H7ILLB TO NEW YOEI, your coons, and have the night dark; the foot of the tree and club 'em

the darker the better, Carry a lighted back you won't get anycoons. So always -
'" ilYT. -.Ll. dTtatr .poNt l.llAt II pTVT 4fnlmaa SleeptBf] Gun sad Hotel XHa lantern, and walk slowly In a circle be particular and tree your coons

.. '. .kg QuI fthronch without dune to Wsa ington,BAltiaoWl round the tree. Pretty soon you'llsee in tree they live in when they're at
Pl.ILd4Ph ,New York Bad the" f
rpY ,,I/" ? balls of fire breaking out here and home. Then they'll stay treed. You

there among the branches of the tree. might ask me how a fellow is going to
Y ....'.+ THROUGH PULLMAN DRAWING-ROOM SLEEPING CARS BETWEEN'JACKSONViLLE.AND How many of these fire balls you see know what particular tree a coon lives

NASHVILLE. depends on how many coons you have i in when he's at home, and what he's

',. f treed. These balls are coons' eyes, going to do if he dosen't know it.
:
t 'I'CY Stotpiaf" Cm Dally Jacksonville to and they'll follow you all around the Well in that case maybe he had better

: Cincinnati. via AsnavIIIa, Through the tree as you walk. All you have to do hunt ground hogs.. Ground hogs
... is to put a bullet between each pair of don't tree."
I
"
"LAND OP THB SKY. fire balls. If you're a safe shot you'll > i
I !if Rev. J. H. D. McRae has been
:. Sk......., ........ qa.... sellsa, alsepleF sai raaar fema. stn. age MV extinguish a couple of those big sparks
the week in
; 1 .. ........,. t .a"4M1I every time you shoot, and a fat coon spending town, meetingold
will tumble to the ground. The first friends. He reports everything

,..- It At ATTN. U. 1""...Pa. Agt,11$Welt 1&1 Street, .TaobonTl11., PI& time tried lanterning for coons I was looking up in Desoto County, and
,
,_.' : r. i.om.P. "<< Y. A. TtJRI, 8. $. HARDWIor, positively scared out of the woods. says 85,000 boxes of oranges will be
..... ?. hi.Puec'- 41L(1.n.Pin. 1tt.. My dog had treed a couple of coons, shipped from that county.-MyersPres
.-i. t. tam, a Wa ajtoa.b.a. ltis*....'ea *.
I and I started to make
as supposed,
:? May J, 1807.Biggies. .
.. ......
: ". .. U- the circuit of the tree. First one big Since Nov. 30th the rate on citrus
-< l pair of fire balls flared out of a deep fruits from the Manatee river to all

Y4 : : Phaetons Harness; gloom of a tree, then another, until so points, by both lines, is 9 cents a crate
: ,Surreys, tared.QaMaateedtwoyean. many at last blazed there, from the less than the rates prevailing before
Ey direct from fketorr at Wbolculo Pried. 80 per teat
? __ .Write for JUustratwl Catalogue thowing latest bottom limb to the top, that I give that time. Are we really coming to
'. =(. atria'If&rdaWOrlcS"Prtcealn :::figures."TesUmonUUfnan fiuoo. !everjitat'be1&rceltand*. Hifhwt finest you my word the tree looked exactly the millenium.-Braidentowa lo r-

'I ; "- dIsp1&JaUheNub.tUeEpostUODwrt tE&Cesti61CIFCLJATI,4rPt1Caib9.Wrttcto-diyforfrwCataloRtJ as.if it was on fire. The sight was so nat. .
rrI t r4rM&edtlU.J.ll. C1IIU' -Eto.1.- ..
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; ''. I PERYEAH. ,FLORIDA F rArtlimil K@l FRUIT-GROWER. .92 PER V

-, *. YEAR.Groe .
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':F* ; :Orchard. that point last winter, but the trees I ton island. A large number of trees in western New York, and as usually _
,, '" were entirely uninjured, and have herestood, the severe freeze and snow ripened, Prunus Simoni has not been
made a fine growth the past season. three years ago, and are now bearing, good enough to eat out of hand, and #
ORANGE'TREES.AND COLD.. But we are not confined entirely to and it will require,but slight protection has been found valuable only for cook-
*.- -.:...- the useof, the,trifoliata stock for promoting to render them )hardy. The ing. I find that the secret of success
Proposed Plans for Protection hardiness. The second methodof orange is such an ornamental, as well with,this plum has been in picking it l
: :.: -:' ; ,:Our_ ; well-known correspondent, accomplishing that end was discovered as useful tree, that every owner of one from the tree before, it has colored, or '
<, -)-Jr.'IJ..M. Stringfellow, writesjo the artbe Kansas experiment station should make the effort to save it. ,As when of a green color; placing it in a '
Galveston News an article marked by where last winter experiments an additional precaution, it is best not cool rooms where it ;will' turn to the 'f
his,usual dash and assurance. We append demonstrated that peach trees, which to manure..or work around the tree in brightest red color, the handsomest
.. : the main:part of it, merely promising were tender in wood and bud from the; fall or winter. This has a ten- known, and become so fragrant as to .
'that i it seems,require a pinch of occasional warm spells, could be rendered dency to cause the sap to move, and scent a room from'one or more specs
stimulate the, growth, which is ther Whenri in this
salt In, the taking. so hardy that over 90 per cent pened manner,
Referring to Mr. Rachford's articler of the buds went safely through very only source of danger. I ]Prunus Simons is said to be one of the
r ., the cultivation of the orange in severe freezes, while those not protected | finest in quality of all known plums. :
the coast country, I agree, with ,him were nearlY' all killed. This Whitewash as Winter Protection. This is the result of experience in Cal-

that orange growing may yetbecome remarkable effect was produced by On page 684, we give an accountof "fornia, Oregon, and other similarly .
/a profitable industry here. Had I simply spraying the bare trees twice the recent experiments with white 1 located States. I do not know whywe "
;;; known thirty years ago when r planted during the"winter with as thick a coat washing trees for winter protection, should not meet with the same suc-
my grove ,of four, hundred orange of whitewash as could be forced which were conducted at the Missouri cess. I am told that all the Japan
;-.o' trees in the western part of the city through the pump. They had found Experiment Station Some of our It I plums should be picked much earlier :
.afterward learned in the culti that there was a difference of about leading horticulturists ,had opinions t than ordinary varieties, and when '
vation of the pear, 1 would have 10 degrees the heat absorbed by a regarding this matter, but few of them 1 picked thus early; they will ripen and "
made money out of it., That" groveL thermometer painted white and one seemed to have given it personal trial. 1 perfect the finest quality. This is a '
was grown from the seed, and such painted black, and acting on this suggestion We have now obtained the completefacts 1 point greatly in favor of the Japan
trees, as is well known, rarely bear before they proved by experimentthat from Prof. J. C. Whitten, who 1 plums, since they can be picked when ;
'eight and often ten years of age, not only did the whited limbs ab- conducted the experiment. In refer hard/and shipped to the ends of the "
and vary greatly in.size., and quality of sorb less heat, but that the wash was ring to the criticisms given on'pag e world in perfect condition.. ,- :
'
..x fruit', as well as productiveness, whereas an actual protection by excluding the 692, Professor Whitten says: Future Orange*1 Crops. f'
a tree grown from a bud or graft of cold, just as happens when a tree is "I am glad to see that, in general, .
a bearing one will fruit in three years.I covered with sleet before the they criticisms have favored the idea of E. W. Holmes, of Riverside, writesto 4
found this opt from 'my pear or- mometer falls very low. Ice represents whitening reflect the heat and keep the California Fruit Grower: I ":
chard. Some of my original planting a temperature of 32 degrees, the buds dormant. However, I notice find you have published a condensa- .
. fruited freely the third or fourth year, and when trees are covered with sleet that two or three'writers seem to have tion of my paper read at the ,State t_
while'others did not bear until nine they will stand a very low:temperature overlooked the keynote of the experi Fruit Grower's Convention, which '
*or ten. This was quite a puzzle until uninjured. But as the orange is an ment, and look upon the whitening makes me responsible for the state .. '
later on, I noticed that trees grown evergreen n, it would be difficult to as intended to 'keep out the cold,' ment that the orange shipments of
from cuttings of the bearing trees borevery wash the leaves on both sides, or when its real object is, as you see, to this state would reach 15,000 carloadsthis -
early, while those from trees make them retain it, and our, killing keep out1he heat. From our two season, I distinctly' named 12-,
that had'never fruited were very late freezes come at such long intervals winters experience, I believe that the 000 carloads as my estimate for-the
in bearing. To verify this I traced that I propose and would suggest to experiment will prove to be of commercial season of 1897-98, and I do not think
back the history of the original early all those'having orange trees to paint value in those sections where' it will run much in excess of thatamo'unt.
fruiting,trees and found that they had the bodies and main limbs up for afoot intensely bright winter sunlight prevails Nobody can tell until the j
been propagated from old bearingones. or more of the head, with a but have less faith in its efficacy fruit is shipped. I did estimate nextyear's
But not only can we thus grow whitewash made to the,consistency of near Urge bodies of water where fluctuating crop ((1898 99)) at 15,000 cars
orange trees that will fruit in a few pain, applying a second coat in a few temperatures are less marked, and that of five years hence, if no ca- "
E. years, but we can select one variety days. The wash recommended by and where humidity and even fogs lamity cuts down the orchards or .
and propagate only from those ,that the Kansas station was made of sweetskimmed are likely to accompany the warm crops, at possibly 35,000 carloads. I ...
yield.the finest fruit, and are uniformly milk and water, at the rate spells. A glance at the table of tem was endeavoring to show that there ':
productive. My orange grovestopdor of one part of milk to three of water. perature registered by white and dark was no need of overestimating orange =
ten years without yieldinaltogether g Slake fresh lime with boiling water colored thermometers will show that, planting, by exaggerating the income -'ll
more than,a barrel of fruit, and then add the milk. Stir well and on cloudy days, the,different colors and ignoring the facts concerning'theneverceasing
and_was then frozen to the. ground. I allow it to stand a day before using. have very little effect on the heat absorbed cost of production, _-
cut them off and 'waited nine years This will stick closely, and' if two or reflected." I since the present acreage ot California ;-
longer, when down they went again,' coats be applied about the middle of It appears from his bulletin that a was ample, without the aid of Florida '
having given practically no, returns.If this month, it will remain until dangeris common lime whitewash was first t or the Meditenanean countries'tosupply
propagated as suggested above, I "past in spring. I feel confident that used, but this was found to wash off a very much larger market. ,
would have had at least fifteen cropsin the bodies and part of the main badly during rainy weather. Finally' than America is likely to furnish.I .
'
,the nineteen years, instead of not h- branches can thus be carried safely a whitewash of lime with; 'one-fift am aware that this way of looking
3 ing. But there are now two ways by through our most 'severe weather. skim-milk added to the water, was at things will never make one popular '
combining which we can probably That is all that is necessary, for if the found to be successful. About one among those who care more about -
grow oranges within fifty miles of the tops are killed at long intervals, the pound of salt was, also, dissolved i in the rapid growth of the state than
F,* coast;without the loss of more than trees will renew their heads in a single each bucketful of the whitewash. about the.result of investments to the
: f- ,one orlwo crops every ten years. season and bear the next year., Professor Whitten says'that it required individual, but l am convinced that
,One of these ways is'by using the To make a success of this method, from five to ten minutes to whitewash in several departments of horticulture
,hardy trifoliata. orange as a stock. it will be necessary to trim up and .!each tree, and that the cost does not I the permanent good of the commonwealth -
This is a deciduous tree, goes to restin train the trees to a head, four or five exceed ten' cents per tree. The first I as well a? of the individuals I
:winter and starts late in spring.[feet above the ground, thus leavingroom whitening should fee done early in : who help to make it, will be better at 1:'
These points-makes the, Satsuma'or to apply the paint. It will be winter, shortly before Christmas. The tained by congaing the growth in the" _
Oonshiu, as well as other sweet orangeS useless to undertake the protection of wash is sprayed through an ordinary several lines to such as undertake .
-.,* budded on the trifoliata, hardier a grove either by smoking or wrapping Bordeaux nozzle. As often as the them with a full knowledge of t
r than on their own roots. This I have the bodies of the trees. Both lime is washed off by rain, the whitening need of economy and wise raana, _
shown:by budding, two years ago, a methods have been faithfully tried in is repeated. Two sprayings to' ment from.the outset That the natural -
number of sweet oranges"(not Satsuma Florida, and failed. High windsoften begin with are needed, just as wood: advantages which our soil and .
) on this stock at Arcadia. The _blow the smoke away, or a heavy needs two coats of paint.-Rural New climate offer will induce all the growth = -
buds were taken from a bearing tree. rain before the freeze will wet the material L- Yorker} ,. ': which is desirable, I am quite certain
Some of the trees bloomed the firstyear soit will not burnt and nowrapping .... ; and therefore have. sought to -
;. ,and all the second, and set quite will keep out,the cold like Secret of Ripening Japan Plums. : discourage the methods, which overestimate -
',a; ,number of oranges... Being too an'air-light covering of thick whitewash. Leonard Coates, a California authority tree planting to the detriment
young to bear, and wishing to check Whatever its be of all engaged i in it. =
success may and others, say,that this Japan' .-. <*
their growth; I removed.the fruit, but on the ''mainland, and it promiseswell ; plum is one of the finest in quality of Now is the time overhaul .ti.:: ?j
will allow some to remain next season. ,J.am confident that this metnod any of that class. This has led me to incubators_and,brooders if 'exPect'your _
you _
y,,f .I The,thermometer. fellto, 15 degrees at. "will give perfect protection on Gah'ese' investigations, since, as usually grown to hatch early broilers "-


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804'z THB FLORIDA PAEMES AND FEUIT-OEOWKR DECEMBER 18. II

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Is:the :most'important! buys. should be '
# J'. '' grower, Jt .
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; : ,Reliable Quick Active and Sure.
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3 1'i i .THE :SE; SON'S DEPENDS tL ON IT.


>< The ,IDEAL: Brands will suit ;you,the Price is right and so are the Goods. .


:AwFULL STOCK',OF" 'POTASH, KAINIT, BONE, ACID'PI IOSPHATI;, NITRATE OF SODA, ,C. S. MEAL,
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#; :' And all Agricultural Ghepiicals 'and flaterials .at Lowest Prices. '

f .' 5W( Write-for'Prices: p sk for our ,Book, .
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r: "iWHY WE AKE THE IDEAL FERTILIZER." '


f : : WILSON: '; TQOflBR FERTILIZER COfiPANY. j

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_ ? ': Jacksonville, 'Fla.fig's '

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_:Foot t ''B and" Blood and Bone _at 117100. ,per Ton. 1

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,.f Torch'fights, )In'Orchards.: this remedy,tp more than a thousand of the 8,500 carloads still remaining? Japan is about 12 feet,high, with a J
1 The following l is. -.cxactl .whatjaj, trees. ,"j hi otoneottheselhas been. injured :My individual opinion is that with the spreading top about 10 or 12 feet in J
'" friend writeiTme! ,and.it jnay prove initerestingtoourjeaders j ;in:the,slighest.and every worm known possibilities of this year's crop, diameter. The nuts are a rich park ,:
.z : forgot to and all larvae_ .are Destroyed. The the growers and exchanges should brown, and every burr bears three
; teUjn l .last. letter pfttheaway 1.1got dis veryriswprth-jmillions,i ;} ] to .the or have opened prices at $1.75 to $2, f. large handsome nuts of uniform size. 1
*grid if a my' piai insects. .I, ,prder.pdseyeralcoajoii chardists ,of California i ,.,and the knowledge o. b. on navels, and $1.25 to $1.50 on I saw no false nuts. The fact that
7 great: y torches<<; and, about'.opfr ,of;it should be, 'widely,dissemi-- seedlings,, and flooded the countryon this variety ripens a month before '

hourbefore, <<; ,dark.I.lit the 1 torches.;; Hated." actual purchases, [Elsden, you are most other sweet ;chestnuts, and that x
.
s JjXpUpughltp.baysseen$? the; triflers -- 0 < J M i theoreticalnot practical,on this point], it is of extra large size, rich,color,,;and
Predictions.
; Dismal
: '
,bugs, etc.. fly,around. the flame, and : whereas now they probably 'see 1,500 extremely productive, stamps, it as of t
.it. Ijputthem.among, ; he/trees J ;winto. ,+' jElsden A-iMprris, (he of the .Chocolate cars; sold at $2.501012.75, and 8,500cars the greatest value to the commercial
,' .think.1,would; ,have had better.success.Had ; rgwnl) \the fluentruit,, broker still tp market, and to get rid I nut grower.
the ,tores.uotbeens6farapart.. )) > of NewYprkutters,a ,dismal :prediction of them they will have to consign The original tree of the Killen
Tire,, ; chickens picked.up; the scorched'! .' in,the:Guide on the,orange, ,out, them all through the country, stands about forty feet from the Extra
t: Jnsects theJpextmoming.v! \ : ]look) ,,,which,yve presume,the,JesuIt ofa and when they come here' in bunches Early Japan, and is of about the same
fQwihe.success: ; ot.il} was, ,tl did .cucumber" diet. of 10 to 20 cars daily at auc age and size. I saw nearly a hundred
dot have any cherries;stung, and but; _",In thisarticle: ,,California,, with'her tion, the masses will get,good oranges bushels of nuts in the burr, which
.few plumsj! ;;)he: ,apples, !ere alsolreerJropt / crpp ofabout; of about three, million cheap, irrespective of every advantage Mr. Killen had picked, and the,tree
; th:than \ lj ,I bpxesr holds "Yi y. Jamaica is ,the ,California possesses in the commodity was still quite well loaded. The Kil
.yerejampst-y free ocstings-and: .t taken. ruling.spirit pf the present; ,- freight rate, andhigh tariff on foreign len chestnuts were ripe September 18,
all in ailI.think 1 itwas, a.success. I offering the q yiSweet orange 'to the product, as three million boxes of or which marks .i it also as an early nut,
ha11addmore-torches: the: coming1' East,now\onmarket.. You ,will note, anges are more than the United States although two weeks later than the
.season. Thecostwasonly, '.$iao'for) i I.sY'to' the!East,' as ,all over: the ever took fro'm all foreign sources, I Extra Early Japan The Killen 'is
the,season. ,I began early ,and left ,West.and tJV Mexican oranges even before Florida became a factorin I believed to be the I largest sweet chestnut -
c ,pff the! raiddle.of June. I.J like_ it betterVthan are: i gb9.ughtand; sold. Floridas the business. I in cultivation; it is a rather light
g sprayipg.-Colman's. : :,Ruralpri .become decided factors Jhis.season "Last year California saw is 'banner brown, and grows three to five nuts
% ) \ and have,tli waited .thus far.the inroads year on oranges, and will never repeat in each burr. I measured specimens
"'" > of California's product ,turning down it with similar net results.. Florida that were 5 1-2 inches in circumference.
several actual sales. come 'in.this season with 250,000 Both the Killen and Extra
Sulphide ,of Carbon'for Trees.: .".\\V.e haye.seen sales of,:,several; Jots boxes, which already has taken the Early are of excellent.quality.-Rura. 1
According tb The Rural Caiifornian -,. of r Jamaicas, .which i in I original order keen edge off the demand, and'next New Yorker.
;:some orchardists have 'been,us:; brought $$3.751t9$5.75, per barrel,. ind year Florida will have three or fouritimes Groves at. .Daytona
ing.this;insecticide instead of: spraying -; ,are being? ,put 'out, .'mage;sound/ this year's product,. The future's Editor Farmer and Frult-Grower:
It says: -The fruit growers jof from $b o$6.so.per; Barrel, without i individual benefit to me seems that my Taking a long drive among the
'the,Santa'Clara valley are greatly in-; any -Dandierfrom, : ..shipper, receiver, children are liably to have oranges as groves in,and about this place I.find
terested over the use of bi-sulphide of f jobber, ,or 'broker, making .anything cheap .as they now have the them doing surprisingly well, where;
carbon as a remedy against the, injurious .on ,them, but still ,the! usual actual necessities of life.."-Los anything like good care has been given J"
worms in:their fruit trees.- There' Andesjs.expecedto$ !arrive next week Angelos FruitWorld.. them. The best trees have from,.one
have been_some statements that the, with, 7,000'barrels.VCaliforaia'a ...* to two boxes of oranges on them. "I
; bi-sulphide would hurt the trees, but { t first car ,sold .today, Japan Chestnuts.. saw.one grove with two to three,hun
'this is denied'by Prof. C. W. Childs,: and.brpught$3 to.$4,50, being good On October 4,1,visited Mr. J. W. dred boxes on the trees; they,are not
a successful.,orchardist In ,a report cbjored\ navel l oranges. This car is Killen's.fruit and nut farm in Del more<<; than two-thirds ripe or coloredbut
to the>Associated Press he is reportedas the precursor of, a-crop of IOOOOcar-, ware. Mr., Killen has ,a large numb are fine flavored and good eating.
"> follows: i JQ ds, ,which\ '. will, be ,distributed ,ber of seedling chestnut trees grown J. R. BELL.
,,I :wish Jhat',every,fruit, grower in throughout} .-the length_and breadth,,of from'Japan.nuts, and many of- theseare The Little, .
the State could.know what a boon this country! but,the prices.realized on bearing- The most remarkable Manatee oyster cannery
we,.have discovered' in the use of the this .first car ,:will benp.criteripnfor; varieties of chestnuts I ever saw are plant, though" not yet thoroughly
s sulphide of carbon. But for this prices;;"hich;can beexpected during the'Extra Early Japan and,the Killen. equipped, is turning .out about 2,000
:the orchardis S"O(the Santa,Clara .' January and February.: Thc ..I. ,o.. 'b.; Nuts: of the:Extra Early Japan were cans a day of oysters.
'ley'bad 'JustVas: 'well dig upjtheir.trees; price,t continuesrom.j$2f 50,..to$2.75on ripe,,and burrs open, on September 3, About 2,000 head of beef.cattle
for;/the worms would:destroy.them'all navels, and from Missouri river and tat.the time of my visit many were shipped to Havana from. port
-Theyliave. spread to an alarming points to Galons,.Me., the freight .isthe>eithe burrs.were, still. hanging on the tree. Tampa Tuesday. Captain Jaafeg
'rater and it' UtbeenaStoniShing'to: JigUXeslabout.9o cents 'J..saw three -8-bushel basket full of McKay shipped 350.of them.
s see their ravages this season. I went per box. It(isestimated,9ut.of;10,000 nutsin! the burr.that'had been picked Tomato shipments from Marco sow
) to work to.experiment in a small 'way car1oadsabouti,5oo have ,been thtar from one tree,. now probably .seven aggregate about 1,000 prates *1'1NK.
._' ,wjthJ 1A cbi;'ulphlJppfcfibpn., .;During gold 1 pn! .!he f. p. K J>Un. The years old. and.they go by scboooer to Xe :W.t.
,_ ,W4 the r _--f. i cJr,,weeks.,,*.' I'Kave-applied, '.gassttanuow: comes, what will:become This original tree.of the Extra ;Early thence by steamer New'York..f

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INl." THB 'FLORID A PABMSB v'A5D,':ri wmt __,8$?:
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Farmer Trucker! aggerate'when I state that'it"is possible INSECTICIDES. :. :"
to market'annually in China $20-:
000,000 worth of ginseng roots. It is Ammonia,Water, 26 degr aeb l; in 7 pound'bottles, $1 each.: .
Those Winter-OroWing Beans-Strawberries now being grown to a limited extentin White Arsenic; 10 cents'a pound. _
In South. Alabama., the United States and the prices Carbonate of Ammonia; 15 cents a pou d.' -
Editor Farmer and Pruit Grower. the Carbonate of Soda 5-pound packages, 20 cents package;
Some time there obtained by growers are entirelyouj Carbon Bi Sulphide pound tins, 25: cents a pound. .
appeared
ago ant of proportion to those realized by Caustic Soda -50 .
pound cans, 7J cents a pound. .t.l' _
article -
. about a winter-growing bean in the thrifty exporter. The dried root Copper Carbonate;single pounds;'40 cents pound. !,,rk'r !'
the Farmer and Fruit Grower and in sells in Amoy a price from $25 to Copper Sulphate()-poand packages, 70 cents a package; _,
your.comment on it,' you said_ you did $35 (Mexican) per pound. Quick Lime, per barrel,90 cents. .' "
not find, in any work any mention of : No field of agriculture offers suchan London Purple,'per pound, 25 cents. _", .
,It.. From: the description I was not inducement this if Napthaline( packages, per pound, 8 cents. ,4-: \
a properly
Paris Green, per pound, 30 cents. ;
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certain as to the nature of the plant," cared for. I.have been engaged in Potassium Sulphide, pound,'39 cents..
and also being'under- the impression this business for a number ,of years, Pyrethrum Insect Powder,best, 35'''cents' pound. -
that;a flat kind of pea called lentil, and my only regret is that I did not, Rosin, $2 a barrel -
'(Ervum lens);,was the mainstay of the. commence sooner.-Colman's Rural Sulphur, 50-pound() packages cents a pound.
_ inhabitants of. South Europe in "ye Tobacco Dost, barrels, 3 cents, small lots 4 cents a pound. -
World.
Tobacco Stems, 50-pound packages, 1} cents
3 oldeo'ti ne," to' make"certain I have a pound. -
got some seed from the writer of I What, When and How to Apply Fer. R; J.SUCCESSOR. MARTIN .
that article to learn what it was. It tilizers. s
' .. is one,of the oldest plants in cultiva- There are no longer any doubts in TO 'J. O. L'ENGLE. x
,'" tion, as the English or horse bean, the minds.of.progressive,tillers of the P. 0. BOX 89. JAOkSONVHiiB, FLA. :
t- (Vecia faba). Mahon in his American soil as to the benefits of abundant ma- :
I Gardening mentions eight kinds, and nuring. Such doubts are vanishing '-, UI L S', SCALE: i
White in his Gardening,for the South from the minds of some of the unprogressive I ;
f' mentions'tour kinds. The best sorts I farmers also, in view of the '"
i seem to be Maz'agan and Broad I many illustrations they see about them. HRmi! l I THRIP JUICE:' '
't Windson. These should ,be planted Even in the regions where nature has* .
{ now and may be found useful. The been lavish with her fertilizers and !
::
/ Is Strongly" Concentrated wheat{
sort mentioned may be a fine strain where the soil is comparatively new : : \\
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t of this family and as an experiment I it is found that artificial applications ,lIS i I Diluted:as.Directed(it make '
, was glad to get hold of it. I have no of the rignt materials are very profit $i! ; ,i v probably the Cheapest 'Insecticide -.
f doubt that when ,it becomes better able. But just what to supply and II in the World'
f known it will become one of our most how and when is not so generally un T '
, useful:vegetables. derstood.We p -! Used in Florida for 13 Years
? .
' Owing the drought in October hear much about the great ma- .cltlyO.irre4con. I .. .
:y and;November our setting of strawberries nurial elements, nitrogen, potash and i H.B.. MARSH General
:" -was l late,- and in fact, is not phosphoric acid, which are,the chemi a Agent, .
G f yet finished,and will not be until the cal materials in the soil which are the Oknhumka'(Lake Co.),Fla.

( middle of January; as the plants did soonest exhausted of any,by croppingand MAMMONff"LM MOT WCMt : 0f"SoId by many merchants.HAMMOND'S ., *
not root well and most growers are at the same time absolutely -- MAKES 1000, .4 J '
; have to wait for their plants to get indispensable to the growth of good I : : SLUG SHOT WORKS, .

,. some growth before they can set them. crops of forage, grain; fruits and veg-: ,:, ,, .. FISNIILI.Ifr.H8DSO1f.. lE1N YD81C. ; 1to
\;: As theAlabama, Bessie, and Nunan L etables. It.would seem that everyone '
are the only kinds'that will make a would know all that they need to 'make the humus on I the farm; get; all know that crops grow better :j
: crop of fruit set as late as this theyare know about them. But they do not, the nitrogen from the hir, make available during.the moist season than whe nit .
in great demand. Lady Elgin as is proven by the thousands of the potash and phosphoric' acid: is dry. This is partly'due' to the furnishing .
and Lady Thompson' are certainly : questions that are being asked, and already in the soil, and, supply any of the normal supply of water 1
.., fine growers and stand the dry weath- wisely, too, by those who are lookin'g'for deficiency the latter by direct purchase in the growing crops, and partly from )
*er splendidly, and from their appear better means of working with that in the form of concentrated. dissolving the potash and phosphoric
: ance,they are one and the same kind. mysterious substance, ,the soil. Wee commercial fertilizers. acid in the soil, .
t :?
My Williams' Early is now onk also see on almost every hand in poor It is a fact that clover, cow pea* But when the natural supply of' ;
k mass of blooms but alas, also. a shin crops the crying need of such knowl and soja beans will, either one or all, these elements seems insufficient, and -
ing mark for a killing, frost. edge.. grow in almost all sections and 0 soilsof l that is very often, we must add the in if
JULIUS SCHNADELBACH. Good stable manure contains all the the country. They are nitrogengather to the soil. The cheapest forms of j
Grand'Bay, Ala., Dec 9, 1897. manurial elements. But there is'much rs. They get it from the air. potash are muriate and sulphate.' .

that goes for stable manure that is This is clear gain. I notice with They: are more concentrated h an. t
Ginseng Culture. stuff when it to the crucial pleasure that Secretary of AgricultureVi1s .
A poor comes kainit, as they contain about 50 per'' I
There are still some people who of the \ favors the idea and is
test growing crops. It con- n trying cent. of actual potash to 12 to 14 percent i
s say ginseng cannot be cultivated, and tains'straw and other coarse materials to push the growing of those great ma in kainit. The difference in ,-
even some agricultural} papers advise that will make humus when decayed. nurial economists, upon the people. freight and handling considerable I ,
their readers,to""go slow;" but they This is good and highly necessary as There are untold millions of tons of also. Phosphoric acid can be h ad'
;
are doing/ those whom it is their mission an absorbent of ,moisture, a lightener nitrogen in the air that might well be most cheaply in dissolved bone or '
t, to help a grave injustice, for the of the soil, and affords breeding 'beds put to use. It is the slumbering'electricity dissolved phosphate rock; 'J
reasonthat they have never given the for the myriads of little nitrogen-gath of the farmer that goes unused, As to the time and method of 4
matter the',thought 'and investigationit ering bacteria that live in the soil. while he buys a little at great cost in these two last are practically application '
KIK deserved. According to my experience But the proportion of nitrogen, pot the form of'slaughter-house" 'refuse, indestructible by ordinary wing -
ginseng will grow in almost any ash and phosphoric acid is very small fish, scrap, etc., and lets his crops methods; and can'be put on the land' -
latitude or climate, if a properly constituted The so-called manure is mostly trash .starve for lack of therest they need. Besides almost any,time'without loss. They .
soil is given it,which is easily and water. It pays to make all that I these nitrogenous crops when will be "used by 'the crops in' thP( ;-|
done with,manure and wood ashes, .I can be made handily on the farm, plowed under, and the riper the bet course 'of time. But they take: soinedtime'
and with requisite'shade provided. and carefully save and apply it;; butt ter, will make the much needed hu to dissolve and will be':more effective _
,My plantation is in the open field,' buy it or even get it by hauling it 'after a few months th n jJe-) t.
.- and shade is quickly, provided by several miles is often a losing transac mus.But what about the potash, and, fore that length or 'time; Wheriapf} -', .. ,
means of frames' placed over,;the, bedson tion. Only a few ,days ago I was phosphoric acid? There are immense plied in fall 'or winter they will 'be't
which:straw is'thrown. It usually talking with a man who was hauling stores of both in most soils, but they lie just right-for the (Oll WiDg' crop'.s a-' f
takts three seasons' growth to producegoodsized stable manure from a town nine miles unused for generations,. simply be son. Sown on 'clover of any kind,
.l, marketable roots and, this distant. This was folly, in view of the cause those who till the soil are too ignorant but especially 'crimson clover, which .
;may deter some from'growing it, but easier'way of getting as good or better or:too lazy, or both, to avail grows in cool weather, the fertilizer1* _
:most farmers wait longer that that for manure"with less than half the trouble themselves of them. It is thorough will stimulate the clover to gather:
; ,their cattle to'grow.. and expense. It costs money to feed cultiva n'that makes'them'available. much'more'nitrogen than they coulcf* # .
The demand for the root is almost and care for horses and pay hired Water has much'to'do with'their' dissolution possibly gather without them. If ', ,
unlimited* Consul Johnson, in his men; and it worth something if you ; and frequent and 'fine'pulverization the clover'plowed under 'they will
-Si's annual report' dated Amoy, China, do the work yourself. of the soil'm k sit, spongy aU-'be'thei'e'to"push' the next cropl-Be-; : *'t. -
: July ?9th, 1897, says; "I do not ex Now what is'the better'way?' It is and light, so it will hold 'nlO s re." sides, "it' has bceri''! D'dJtnar some '
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"".' 4 806.' ",: .. i: mil PLOEIDA .FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. DECEMBER., 18,
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4- times potash and phosphoric'acid injure ruin any flock of, layers. ,After feeding Cotton Seed Hulls And Meal As Feed. Strawberries '

crops when put 'on ,just'.as the the: return trip should be one of on Ice. -
In communication the Columbia
seed.is sown or planted, especially if inspection.: One should note how a to .
JThe celebrated T. &T. Strawberry Refrigerators
S. C. State :Mr. Edwin Leham -
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T ) i
immediately next to it or the tender each coop of birds is feeding. Some tire. the universal favorite of Florida
Johnson[ of Fort Hill S. C. makes
rootlets. will be found to be listless, indifferent, a growers. Perfected after years of experi-
strong plea for cottonseed hulls and ence. Give good service for good fruit.
They should be sown broadcast, and finally to turn ?way entirely from
meal for feed stuff. He writes
thoroughly mixed with the soil, and the feed trough and scratch the litter : TEUBY & THOMAS,

5*> f allowed time 'to become prepared for a'bit or mope in the sun. These birds 5'Last Spring I .induced three large Starke, Florida.

the crops. Rest assured that the roots are overfed, and should be cut down farmers in Alabama to feed a portionof I .

: :, will find every bit of them.. If sown and fed short. They may be fat,whenit some ninety tons of cottonseed meal :
J. STICKIER SEED ED. IwM.
on.topof the soil,-,every particle will is better to omit the morning mash they had bought for fertilizer_ to fifty ,

find its way into, the 'ground after and feed wheat and whole oats mixed, head of sorry looking cattle they had, MARY T. FROTSCHER, President j'

awhile, nor.will any ,be lost by evap in the litter, compelling.them to exer- ranging from 300'pound yearlings to Successors to

; F oration. Nitrogen is unlike them and cise-more for their breakfast. There 1,000 pound oxens. I had to guran-: Richard Frotscher's Gravier Street Branch Store, J

:: will soon pass aw y. It must be ap will be but few eggs in the boxes at tee personally that' they would lose Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St.,New Orleans,La. ;;
k nothing in the feed before they woulddo Importers and dealers in Flower, Field and
plied, if in chemical form, so that the night from such' a pen. j
Garden Seeds. Grasses,clover bulbs, seed potatoes -'
it. I with than and had i
1. crops can appropriate it very soon Another coop may start to feed and was and fruit trees in their season, Conducted .;j

afterwards.-H. E... Van Deman, in keep at it for a few minutes and then charge of the experiment sixty days. by through relatives Richard of the.late Frotscher's Richard manual Frotscher.of 1896 Order or -a t

;( American Cultivator. turn away, leaving half'the ration. At the end of that time they sold twelve send for one free. <

These are becoming over-fed and head as test. (The full feeding period w

should be cut down. There will is from seventy.five to ninety ., "''Iji. ;",y. -. "
.. 'Aev,." 1j
F Poultry. days.) They made a clear .4 _. -"i .
: be only a few eggs in these boxes.A "r." '-!l1' '.. -').: .
profit over and above feed ,, -
third about f '
..... Edited by S. S."DeLANOY, Apopka, FU. coop'may fly singing, attendance and all of ..r When YOU .'-l
snatch hand expenses
------.--------------------:--- eager, ready to the first -
> ful and eat if they had $3[ a head, and had.fifteen tons of manure seeds, plant
f Notes for December. ravenously, as l
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been starved for a week. This is how besides from the twelve head. ,
4" December is.usually a cold month
This manure the bedding being
they all should act always, 'and if they pme FERRYS
=1t thereforelfake precautions about, housing
seemed anxious for more, a handfulor straw, was carefully sampled and two .
4 -, carefully the breeds which are two extra will not hurt them. There samples' sent-to the State chemist of ..
lightly feathered such Leghorns.. A Always the best. .
f, will be plenty of eggs in their boxesat Alabama. The annalysis showed i
The heavier feathered breeds, such as that in comparison with commercial For sale ever/where.
:t'r night. This is what is meant by
the Asiatics, can stand almost any udgment-Country Gentleman. fertilizers, and on exactly the same D. M. FERRY & CO., .:

,temperature outofdoors.Feed value as fertilizer for ammonia, potash Detroit. Mich. t

for eggs from now until spring. Feeds and Feeding. and phosphoric acid, it was worth $2.- -.Y 1
This is different' from that
process 95 per ton in the wet condition or '1
pursued when the fields are green. Grit must be sharp. $10 when -dried. 3

: Keep houses clean-drop-boards Feed before you water. -1 OJT TBIAIf-AIl Sizes and Prleei."The i
Do feed for Here is a still clearer- illustration of I(Julncr machines hatched M and 80
especially. ... not grass grit. chicks from too eggt. Mr 110 one hatched ML5
Feed mash the round. the relative value of feed and manure. & and 99 chicks from 100 eggs each." >>n. K.loo .
Keep laying stock busy-never a year i Mif-nr Vollrath, Lockport,IlL Send to for Mo.,7t.LU.tl0twh
Last April I obtained permission of
over feed. Always have something Good food is positive economy. Bae11eyoLeabatrrCaBprl.lf.it catalogue wstimonlala.' 0. "T.ui" '. en".
in the coop to occupy your hens,grain Clean out the feed troughs 'daily. one of the agricultural experiment -
stations to make a test on five cows FAIRVIEW
shells for PINERY.
i in litter or cabbage hung up. Oyster are too soft gritNever
they were fattening for beef on hulls
throw soft feed the
Kerosene your roosts, upper and on ground.
under side, every week. Round pebbles will not ;answer for and meal. The cows averaged 750 -
pounds each. They were,being regu- Choice-
Cull for the last time, and sell all grit.In
larly fed on about eighty pounds ofbulls
in the broadcast
specimens, keeping only your feeding grain runs
poor
and meal to five head in
itDo'not propor
best for breeders. Watch your layers Pineapple
carefully Mark, if possible, the hen feed corn during the hot tion of ,sixty-four pounds of hulls to .
sixteen of meal the ratio
_, : which begins to lay first;she will bea weather; pounds or Plants '
of to i. Chopped-up cornstalks were
Millet seed is 4
valuable breeder for early a great eggdroppinggrain.
egg pro.
used for bedding, and the manure
ducers.
.
from the five head for -0 FOR 8ALE. -
twenty-four
....... Always feed"the mash crumbly, not
hours saved and weighed immediately. -
Feeding for Winter Kgg Production. sloppy.
M The noon meal is not necessary dur It weighed 17734 pounds, or Smooth Cayenne I II! Homo Grown II
It is a question not fully settled, i hg! the summer. thirty and one-half pounds each. I .

t whether the morning mash is necessary Do not ,allow the mash to sour in made a careful annalysis of the manure ABBAKA PLANTS SPECIALTY.

every day in the week, or every the troughs. .. under the direction of skilled I chemists, .

other day, or at all. This subject of Beans are excellent food, being and found that the commercial valueof

feeding hens in winter has undergone highly nitrogenous. the thirty-five and, one half poundsof F. N. PRICE,.

many changes of opinion within the A quart of feed for twelve hens is manure was five cents, which rep. P. 0..Box 449. ORLANDO FLA.
last five years. All these changes resents the value of the manure from
a good measure. .
have been brought about by. experi Milk can be fed in any form-sweet, one cow fed on hulls and meal at the I

k r ence. sour or buttermilk. ratio of 4 to i every twenty-four hours.It .

There can be no positive rule set Buckwheat is an egg-producing is easy to figure the cost of feed: HOME GROWN -' #

f down for feeding hens for egg production food, but a steady diet of it is apt to Sixty-four pounds of hulls at seven- It .. -
for the simple reason that all the be overfattening.-A Few Hens. teen and one-half cents per hundred

breeeds cannot be treated alike. Of ...e.. ($3.50 per, ton) makes eleven and one- Pineapple Slips

course there may be a general formula Pickings From the Yards. fifth cents; sixteen pounds of meal! at

given for all breeds but it would'notbring When thinning out a flock of geese thirteen cents per pound ($20. per ton) and SuckersOf
the best results. The ,Asiatics makes sixteen cents; total cost of feed-
always sell the ones the old
be treated like the Mediterraneans young ; for five and the Following Varieties
cannot cows, twenty-seven one-
ones'make- the best breeders and ,
for example. They are almost bring a low price. fifth cents, or per head, five and for .
opposite in natures and habits. Again, ty-four one-hundredths. In this case FOR SALE:
Market all the old hens. You will
t the ,Plymouth Rocks and Wyandottesseem the,value of the manure was over 91
: to come between the two; so save the, cost of a winter's feed, besides per cent. of the feed. These figures ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN

-that here we have three distinct divis- allowing the remaining hens ought not to need any comment. QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY'

ions, and they should be treated in more room. They speak for themselves. The time QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE,PER-

entirely. different ways. If you have a surplus of pure bred will come when the community that NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH.

: : Personally I. prefer the morning cockerels, advertise them 1 at once. You permits an oil mill to burn cottonseed

, ; R rmash every day in the week.for Leghorns can afford to sell them cheaper now hulls when wood car be-.ha4 at less Apply to f:

- ,+but it must be understood that than you can in the spring. than $I.5oper cord will be called uncivilized 0. 0. MATTHAMS,

y ., -it must be, fed with judgment Going '- It has been estimated that if farmers and the farmer who puts valuable 1. Florida Pineapple Company,

... through a long hen-house and feeding could be induced to discard scrubs foodstuff, the ground to raise Orto. _
every coop,the same quantity every I and use only pure breeds, the increasein five-cent cotton, without first feeding

morning without .taking any notice of value of poultry products would be it and turning it into manure, will. be HADDOCK & MATTHAMS: ,

', how it.is received and consumed, 'will full 100 per cent. looked upon as a curiosity. : .. West Palm Beaeh, F1I

.. .
.. ,

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2 .

'S' ti rW-.."$.. '- s W a s ... .
4 ; :

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---- :"



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: .,. :..lt7.. THE FLORIDA PAKMEB AND 3BUIT-GBOWBB. .' ,. 807 .:: :
J
.
: Mal ArIa'or Mal Aqua. eating. The evidences of experienceare .... -

; The question submitted in your Prize aU on the side of the water theory.It ..

r : .. 'Essay Contest, "Can'tbe-rich alluvial has been the invariable experience \ Cramps, Croup; [ mjJ

lands considered malarious and unhealthy where piped wells have been sunk be- I \ h s,

be safely inhabited, providing low the line of surface ,infiltration, Colic, Too h- ,

:pure water only.from deep wells is thereby supplying pure water, that the Queer Economy (1))
\ Colds ache
drunk," is of more than passing im disease has entirely disappeared. The t week It Isto when board a whole fence wearing gangfora
the hired man and Paw agent would -
portance. The belief is almost universal experience'of the town of Hawkins. put up the same amount of better Renee In a day.
throughout the north that the ville, Ga., will well illustrate this point. t Diarrhoea, PAGE WOTE5 WISE FENCE Co.. Adrian, ffieli."FUMA" .

best lands of the south, the.rich bottom This thrifty little manufacturing city Dysentery a
,
lands made by the great rivers was located unfortunately in a malarial I.aDd all
and lands from other alluvial 1 deposits, section. fI Although the disease was Bowel Complaints.
not at all severe, malaria was so common t
are too unhealthy to be safely inhabited
A Sure, TH AMERICAN
Safe Quick Core for WU WCJRfc.f
; by white men, especially by what that its inhabitants got into the these troubles laIlia AURORA; ajC.. e.'A6a.-oOAi iS.T CJt fc.-
are termed unacclimated northerners.If habit of expecting to have chills every ,

it can be demonstrated that this fall as a matter pt course. The water 4

prevalent opinion is erroneous, that used, until recent years; was drawn r1i1IIei CARBON

malaria is not as its: name (bad air) from shallow wells, which undoubtedly Aji BI-SULPHIDE.,
implies, but that it, with its kindred received the surface drainage of the
,diseases, is a result ,of drinking im country. In order to get a l larger sup- the trusted friend of the grain"The insects best remedy is Bi-sulphide in every of respect Carbon.for killing It u:
of of the cotton facto- Mechanic, Farmer Planter cheap, effectual and to Ala.
pure, germ-laden water or mal aqua, ply water one Sta. Bulletin 61. easy apply.- fix. _
then' 'the rich alluvial sections now ries put down artesian well. The Sailor and in fact all classes.Used Send for free illustrated pamphlet. It is in

t shunned by the northern immigrantwill autumn following the people who used Internally or externally. teresting EDWARD,readable R.and TAYLOZ will save,Cleveland you money., Ohio. .

.- become the garden spots of the this,water exclusively during the sea I Beware of imitations. Take Less than I -lb. lots supplied by S. G. SearIng .
,
Jacksonville Fla. _
world. "son were gratified to find they had es f none but the genuine .

As ,these lands can now be bought taped from the expected chills. The DAVIS." Sold CTerywhere. i \
result that sufficient-number of
was a
for a trifle per acre, while as to their 1 '
artesian wells were sunk to.supply the 250. and 60c. lorida '
fertility! and capacity to produce thereis : lands
limit entire town, and:the place has been bottles.J ,:, .
no to establish the fact thatwith '. .
free from malaria ever since. .
pure water to drink drawn from Oranges
wells sunk below the danger of surface Another striking illustration was I ft _"

,infiltration, will prove a great found in the Brazos bottom of Texas, while honey when properly kept, remains orts -

boontb'; many thrifty people who are which was long known as such a.malarial indefinitely good-no need to
seeking to become owners of farms country that a white man could hurry it out.of the way for fear it may investments[ s

and homes of their own. not risk living there during the later become rancid. i'--, 3

r Malaria is summer and fall. ,During a recent > .
caused by a living ;Developments
organ >
ism called prasmodium malariae..whichwhen.introduced :; visit to that section the writer learned ,Handling Bees. }, f

that_ the__ rule_ n__ now__ .. _is_ to__,keen____ out_ __ of__ the___ .When handling bees the absence of I '-, ;.., "> 4
into the_ human__ __ __ _svs-_ AttractionsAddr.fi ;: :-;
n
IF:. tern, rapidly multiplies, passing: damp air at night, drink only artesian fear and quiet treatment are essentialto ', a
.fsy
and will be safe.
water J.T
you success.
through several of .
'
stages development. ',$- :-:!:
particularly attacks the liver and Capt, Richardson,who is the owner Never strike at a bee. G. D. ACKERLY, .;: "< :

spleen, causing enlargement of the of a large cypress shingle mill locatedat Never move a comb hastily, nor CENtRAL PASS,LACER AGENT.THETROPICALTRUNK -

- latter organ, sometimes excessive. Whitevflle, N. C., had much trouble hold a new comb Horizontally; if you LINE, ,
Dark pigments are also found in the with the disease among his loggers i in do it will probably break and fall. JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA.
the until he sank artesian Blow a little smoke into the a
blood in amorphous masses. Also the swamps an entrance .
skin 'is darkened, taking on that un' well and supplied them with pure wa- ; after a minute or so (while the 1J

healthy, sallow hue familiar to people ter for drinking. After that he did bees are ,gorging themselves with r 1
kI living in malarial sections. not.have a case. honey and so lessening their inclina-
tion to sting) take off the and
,
These living organisms are not found Major Emerson, of Charleston, S. top
: in,the lungs, which would naturally be C., owned a large section of the no blow a little into the hive at each w iow a at

I ,the case if the germs were introducedinto ted rich malarial lands in South.Caro. end.Lift
the system through breathing bad lina,a section in which it was said no the quilt gently and openingpart

air.. Nor has this poisonousgerm ever white man could live. After a careful only 01 the hive; the carbolic .. 5 from e&reto.1171e1ected
of the he became cloth is very useful on the besides cabbage, onion, carrot:
study question
v been found in the air. On the contrary top beet;&a, and yet at u low I -
':: in its state of'nature it is found convinced that the disease was in the a little smoke below. 7 prices as seed raised from trash j

only in stagnant water, and seems to water and not in the air. To demo Never open hive in cold or rainy frytiaSurpHtePeawarranted'to be the wry earl,",of all the'. I I
find its sustenance onstrate the truthfulness of this theory veather. wrinkled sorts. Try the Enormous
upon decaying vegetation potato((604 U%per measured acre)
I found in such water. The lea- he sank an artesian well and gota l In cold districts, before winter, the best of an the early beets the new

ion 'malaria_ abounds to,the greatest!\ flow of pure, soft water. He then make the'bees snug with quilts and the cabbage best garden cucumberlettuceetc.you will need our To have'csta-*
extent on the rich alluvial lands is because moved on the land himself, and; al adjustment of[ the dividing boards. f I table logne,It contains the beet varieties of vege I

of the richer growth, and consequently though his ,friends told him he would Don't breathe on the bees_ or brush I The Flower seedjaany Seed of page them is of of particular our own raising.Inter

greater quantities of decaying not live a year, he nor any of his the combs upwards.If rcst to JAMES wife and J.daughter.H. It is Free d
family were afflicted with malaria. >btifcnfc u,.,.. QUQOBY.It.ONI:
vegetation found on such land, and, stung when manipulating MartleaaaiKaM,
pullout
; ,
: secondly because of imperfect drain Quite a settlement has followed him,
the sting and 'put a little honey on
.age. none of whom have.suflered from the the wound. .
While the disease is and disease, while others'in the neighborhood -
wide-spread If you have no real liking for the
r t found in all countries except the ex who still drink surface water bees, do not attempt'to keep them for 50 YEARS'
; treme cold regions, warmth is essential are afflicted as before.-Jas. W. Wilson profit. EXPERIENCE
c
to the multiplication of the germ. : in Western Rural. Bees 'are the most pesky things ,
-
Consequently it flourishes to a greater. 4..... about a farm; and although they do '

extent in warm countries. The germ i Economy and Honey. not involve laborious work they demand '

.. is carried into the system-,through the I Indeed, in not a few cases it may peculiar attention..
medium of water drunk from pools be a matter of real economy to lessen Do not keep many bees' in.places :;-

sluggish streams, or surface wells,into the butter,bill by allowing honey. i in where they must depend mainly on TRADE MARKS .
t which the germ-laden water percolates part to take its place. A .pound of f orchard trees and garden flowers for COPYRIGHTS DESIGNS Ac. y.
through the'soil. It waS not the turn honey will go as far as a pound of food supplies. Anyone sending a sketch and description may ; '

ing of* the sod which gave us the butter, and_if both articles be of the If you are nervous, or if you have QuieUy Intention ascertain Is probably our patentable.opinion free) Communica whether an 'c'_

{.** "shakes'? in the early days of the set best quality, the honey will cost the not plenty of native flora to hand, do lent tions free.strictly Oldest conftden AgenCT.for etcnrtngpatente.konPattnta_ ,:
-;) tlement of the great prairies but the less of the two. Often a prime articleof not handle bees at alL. eyaiial notice taken WIthout UlrOugh Charreo Ilium In the co.recetfO .,:.

: water': from shallow wells, which we extracted honey, equal to comb Scientific JlmerkaM. ': -
:" .were then in the habit .'
;; of "scooping honey in every respect except appea- G. C. Mathams, one of our pros .
A handsomely Qhistrated ,.
tS i I". ; :out" wherever it was most convenient ance, can be obtained for half the perous pineapple growers, is still shipping eolation of any scientific Journal.veetl Largest Terms 14 dr a -;
'''ts a temporary expedient. price.of butter, and often less. Butter pines., He has about 200 ear; four months,$l. Sold by all newsdealers.

<;. a '?The proof of the pudding is in the .is at its best only when fresh, crates to be shipped. ePlfUi111. & CO.3GIBroadwar.New York. c> "' :
Brancb once, tIS'J Bt.wuhtngton.De Co .",

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i '808 R THB FLORIDA PARIS AND PRUIT-GROw. DECEMBER 18"' )



t ; State N ws. Our. Rural. Home. Heavy ribbon is best for largebibles r pearance of yellow fever in places-

., and these should be ,embroidered quite shut off from all apparent means
in with of infection.For
"'- - larger designs Heminway .

Messrs. Curtis and James Crenshaw fine and -Thine.I Spanish floss, a 'coarser thread than example, the disease appearedthis r

; .q were over from Orange City Monday.The Japan floss. If a simple monogram is year in Baton Rouge in spite of
l latter is 'on' ,the road for a Jackson was visiting where there were five desired use ecclesiastical silk. the most rigid quarantine against the _

f ", m .;wholesale'grocery house, and girls, and delightful ones they were, Bed Pocket-Nothing is more suitable outside world. It is possible, of

r while at: Cocoa the other day he saw bright,.chatty and'very affectionate. as a gift for an invalid than a course, that,some one may have eva-
... the*returns from a Boston house forte While.there I did not hear a wrangleor pocket to hang on the headboard ded the quarantine guards, but it is

=rte boxes of fancy Tangerines, Vhich disagreement. among them., I considered within easy reach to hold a handkerchief more provable that mosquitoes or flies

*< sold for-$rso, or $15 per box.-De- this 'remarkable, as most scissors and pencils.It carried the germs in their bodies. %
Record. families, large or small, have more or be made of linen It '
Land may coarse has long been believed that yel- .
The growing importance of the less sharp words among7themselves! ifnothing'worse. similar-to a shoe pocket and embroid-- low 1ever, like other contagious or infectious aY

4 port of Tampa Bay cannot be over- .- Mary came dancing. ered, or of bengaline with a ruffle all diseases, is due to the presence -
in holding up a letter. "The postman around of ribbon. M. M. of microbe but
looked. During the past quarantine a special no one
Jo handed it to me said she "and it. r
t' season of months could find it out until a few months
seven 656 ocean
will tell whether'1tladge the prize I Waste of Human Foods. .
gets
vessels have come in over Egmont ago, when it was discovered by Dr.
'+ bar ((248 more than for the same ,, for the right answer to the puzzle she In the preparation of human foods, Sanarelli,. ani|Italian physician in Mon
sent" Madge was out so the lette losses occur which could be
tevideo.
p months of last year). They carried prevent.
was placed on the mantel.: Not one ed. For example in the cooking of Not 'has of ,
6,327 crew and 2,648 passengers; 493 only he found the germ
of those girls even thought of open potatoes it is a common habit to is said has
were sailing vessels. Coming from very yellowfever, but it that he
3', ing it. I was telling '"mother" how the slice them thin soak
plague infected posts, 102 were disin- peel potatoes, also elaborated a vaccine which will
_ 4 fected.-Braidentown Journal. delightful it was to see so many happy them in water for three or four hours, protect surely against this diseaseas
girls in one home,:and.she said "al- and then place them in a kettle of cold vaccination protects against small-
At a meeting of the board of directors
from their
most have
babyhood water and boil them. The 'albumen
will
pox. Should this prove true, it
of the Indian River and Lake
taught them to respect Mine and of the is soluble in water and
Worth Growers' association potato I be of incalculable benefit to all trop-
Pineapple Thine: Each had a drawer, and QO this method of procedure results in a ical America, for the chief obstacle to
held' December ist ajdivi-
at Jensen, one was allowed to take a thing from loss of from 30 to 80 per cent, of the the development of this vast and lovely .
dend of declared each
on
$12.50 was
share of stock held jn the association. another without permission. I discouraged albumen. The ,potato, a, it goes to portion of the earth is the yellow fever -
borrowing in every way, the table has only to cent.
20 70 per which repels the energetic An-
s of each had
As
$
assessments
p only 'i and tried to see that each hula suffi- of its albumen value while.the drain
gloSaxon.Youth's Companion.When .
been paid on the shares, this proves cient number of handkerchiefs, towels water which is thrown away'may con -
5. a big interest on the money invested. and a brush and comb. Not
separate tain more albumen than is containedin a man owns a blooded horsehe
Besides having a handsome amount' only did this save quarreling: but'! it the cooked potato. When the potatoes is always careful of its health. He
still in the treasury for current expenses was better for the health. When let- ,
are not peeled, but placed di- looks after its diet and is particularthat
$500 was paid for an agent to ters came no one else-was-allowed to rectly into a kettle of hot water, the the feeding shall be regular and

go to Washington during the last ses-, open it, but the one addressed. In albumen is coagulated and retained, right. While he is doing this it is as
sion of to look after the in-
congress, some families I have seen the letters and the loss is only one per cent In likely as not that he is himself suffer
terest of in regard to the tariff
growers and packages opened, and contents the making of bread it sometimes hap. ing from some disease or disorder.
on imported pines.-Titusville examined and discussed, when the pens that the bread is started one day When the trouble gets so bad that he

Star.An owner was absent, thus she lost the and the baking is completed late the cannot work, he will begin to give
example of what may;,be done pleasure of reading it first. I could I {
i next day. If the bread were baked himself the care he gave the horse at
in Manatee I county by energy and a not get a writing desk apiece for the without such prolonged fermentation, the start. Good pure, rich,red bloodis
/ little capital], a gentleman who recently i girls but we had a large one with numerous the losses of food value would not be the best insurance against disease of

visited that section cited the case compartments. Each had a so great. any kind. Almost all diseases come

_ of J. B. Martin, who about a year agowent'Y.there place, paper, envelopes,pens, and often *.. from impure or impoverished blood. -
!? and rented ten'acres of as possible, stamps. I discour- Yellow Fever. Keep the blood pure and strong and

choice' hammock. The -rental price aged the taking of stamps without express The disease which has this year disease can find no foothold. Thatis

put ioi>the l land;' ,was, $25 an acre- permission, and if one was bor. brought so much distress to the people the principle upon which Dr.
$2 58 in(all;which was paid in advance. rowed, urged that it be returned. of the South is one that has baf-- Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery

Five arid a half 'acres were put in tomatoeIn The same with money, each had her fled physicians and investigators for works. It cleanses, purifies and en-

;: eggplant, and two and purse and an account book; pennies exactly three and a half centuries. riches the blood, puts and keeps the
a half i i in cauliflower.! The last proveda I lent entered and in time *
were they The first authentic account we have of f whole body i in. perfect order; makes
failure, but the tomato crop was sold learned to be particular in returningthese an epidemic of yellow fever is of one appetite good, digestion strong, as-
in the field'for $1,150, while the egg little things. "The result is that occurred in' Barbadoes in 1647, similation perfect. It brings ruddy,

plants brought: back a', check for $1887:9iJ. ,- delightful," said I, "but wasn't it hardto and the following year we first hear of virile health. It builds up solid wholesome .

Mn .Martin's gross receipts bring about?" "It has taken it in Havana. It is in Havana that flesh (not fat) when, from any
thatwmter'or his ten acres'of- rented' years," said she, "but I am satisfied it most of the epidemics suffered in this cause, reduced below the healthystandard.
land ,w&e $3,037. :-:'Tarawa Tnbune is the best way to begin with little country have originated. .

.* children, and keep it up through the Thereare now three parts of the 4---
Mr.. Jas.; A. Baird; the"well-known years if necessary to'teach the importance world where the disease is always pres- Singers and Artists generally are

orange"buyer; came.ver. from Punta of Mine and Thine.-Green's ant, the West Indies, Brazil and the users of nnun's Bronchial Inches"

Gorda..J last'Saturday;':at which placehe Fruit Grower. west coast of Africa, but we do not for Hoarseness 'and Throat Troubles,
babe n superintending the.. load know where it came from originally.We They afford instant relief.

ing f'from this place, into I Christmas Suggestions. know that it was taken to Rio Janeiro .-.S
T: cars. He says that a new bug has at- I For Our Rural Home. from New Orleans or Havana .
tacked the ripe fruit in the These articles made and R. Woodbury, of Duke, .St.
groves are easily about fifty years ago, but whether it
Johns writes us under date of
county,
near Punta Gorda, playing great these.hints may help some one to fin- came in the first place, from the west
hivcc, especially with.the mandarinsand ish out their list of presents. coast of Africa, or was carried there December Leake 6, confirming the letter of

tangerines. The bug has the ap Handkerchief Make the square from the West Indies in slavers, ,returning 0. W. published in our issueof
November the
pearance of a lightning bug, and attacks of,linen lawn or India linen. Makea for fresh cargoes, cannot now 20, as to fraudulent
character and dealings of Davis &
the ripe oranges in great numbers very narrow hem and to this crochetan be determined.
sucking out the juice. The ex- edge in knot stitch or some other Yellow fever is a contagious disease Co., of Charleston of transaction S. C. He which gives
the particulars a
?' tenor of the orange does not show favorite pattern using linen thread. which never invades regions out- sustain his
the damage once; but the fruit soon Harbour's linen thread No. 80 is side of its permanent homes in any seems to charge.
drops from the trees and a decayed proper size and quality. other way than through infected per- Wro.M. Brown, of Titusville, has

A. SPt then shows on the orange. Some Book Mark-Daintily embroideredbook sons or things. sold his crop of oranges, 500 boxes

p ot these bugs have been found on marks are appropriate-gifts"at Many physicians who have studiedthe to a New York gentleman. for* $:Jso

groves across the river. They are any season and are specially nice for disease in Havana and elsewhere per box, f. o. b. %

w bright red on their under side,'with.a simple remembrances.Satin I believe that it is spread from the sick Orange growers are beginning to
'
:. red head and a black back, with a ribbon two inches wide I to the well through the agency of mos bank their trees; nearly all will use

1 faint red stripe down the center. with fringed ends' is suitable for quitoes or: other winged insects. It sand, and bank regardless of whetherit

as They appear to be' a very dumsy'in. small book or bible. Small dainty is not impossible that this is one way is wet or .dry. Trees banked with -
'- ,sect, and readily fall from the tree I flowers are most suitable, worked sol- in which the virus is carried, for the the wet sand'last year did not appear

when it is'shaken.-Ft Myers :Press; idly in Japan floss. hypothesis. would account. for the ap. to be hurt;-San Mateo Item .
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: 1897 THE FLORIDA PABMEB AND PBUIT-GIBOwi. 809:, )


'SOme Foes of the Cabbage Grower the imported form (Pieris rapae Linu.) is The Finishing Touches. ..
.
Prices of most fast becoming the most common. Intro- -
staple products are "up, who has studied Strawberries 11
Any
or
and those: raising them have reason to duced from England into Quebec nearly one ever .
be' proud of the splendid advances in half a century ago, it has now becomeone 1 practiced the art of painting will tell

American agriculture! which enables us of our worst garden pests. It is the I you how extremely difficult it is to I better and .
to supply,not! only this great nation, but common white cabbage butterfly, having exactly represent the bloom and iih carry larger ber ___
t' to largely aid in feeding.and clothing the the fore wings Upped with black marked ness coloring t in well ripened fruit. '.-.'
old 'world. It- is, however, becomingmore in the male with two and in the female Nature touches Ties and larger crops are raised ,:
and evident of late that these staple with one black spot and expanding about puts some finishing
crops can be most profitably grown i two inches. upon fruit during the last few weeksof when liberally treated with
by those having large capital and lands The Southern cabbage butterfly (Pieris its growth which are of great money .:
best adapted, and the man rwith small Protodice) is much the-same jn size and value and which the grower who

.means, can, if vhe has,sufficient skill, do general appearance, but ,the markingsare has a local market can take advantage
'far.better at some special or garden crop, more numerous and angular,giving a
4 requiring small acreage but skilful hand- dsrker cast to especially the female. Less of. I was reminded of! this fact by Potash.Heavy .

ling, and thorough knowledge of all the common is Pieris Monste\ which is larger seeing some Kieffer pears in a buck .
'f factors which go to determine its successor with a wing expanse of two to three ster's wagon in Akron. He was offer- ..
failure! inches. The fore wings in the male are ing them with few buyers at one dollar
Though the problems of the market white, bordered with black; while the un- bushel. extraordi- applications of the .
and transportation must first be solved, der side of the hind wings is a yellow per They were ,
when they can be ,secured, there can be schre. These are alike in matter of life nary large and so highly colored thatat fertilizers
: no doubt that many a Southern farmer bistqry and in manner of injury. .Wintering a distance they looked like Ben complete containing ;_ -11
will be best paid by raising early nnd chrysalids they come forth in Davis apples. Upon close inspection, '" '
special crops for the city and Northern : the spring as adults and eoon deposit however, they had neither beauty or not less than 10% actual Tot- : r rash
'.k markets. Yet not everyone can expect eggs upon the cabbage plants. Ere long /
It is
to succeed; for success means, first and the larvae hatch, and voraciously eating quality. the boast of large growers should be used. .
,_ ; foremost, a thorough knowledge of climate the leaves of the plant, attain Iheir of the Kiefler that'it can be loaded .

soil, best varieties of the crop, growth in two or three weeks, when they into cars and handled in bulk like Our books tell all about the subject Theyare ,
fungus diseases, and-not least-insect seek shelter, transformed into pupae, in potatoes and these evidently had beensubjected free to any farmer. -
3 pests; for either of_ the latter ofteu ruin which they remain for eight or ten days. to thistreatment.. The
:: :
.
GERMAN.KALI WORKS .
excellent short and again as butterflies and ,
an apparently crop m so a emerge lay '
i time as to seem miraculous. Most of eggs for another brood. same week there was exhibited at a 83'Nassau St., New York. f

M ,them have, however, now been studied All the injury is done by the worms local horticultural gathering some -. -
*
....,. ........... .
1' sufficiently that from our knowledge of which are much alike in appearance and specimens of the same pear which t "" '11 00
their life and habits we can successfully can: be treated together. The latter one while not so highly colored were much
combat them. It will be the object of is about one and one-half inches long more beautiful and would sell at sight. WHAT ARE WE .l_
the writer in this and following articlein when full grown, while the former are
I. the Ruralist to outline the habits, ins one-fourth inch shorter, and of a greenish Having? been allowed to mature Before COMING I
juries and remedies for some of the color. Rapae and Protodice may be picking they had all the qualitywhich \ ,
worst pests of our most important crops easily distinguished as the former has ayello'wish was'possible with the varietyand TO ? qty Y 4
f-" i hi as brief and practical a manner as hue down the.back and small having been handled as fruit, and \
possible, trusting that they may be of yellow spots on the sides. while the Pro- not as vegetables they retained those
some aid to those who suffer fromjsuch. todice has four stripes with black dots. i
depredations. Monste has four purplish stripes, but is delicate natural touches of beauty, .
Among the crops of the track farm otherwise of a yellowish hue. which once marred is. gone forever. ?

than which few are more annoyed by insect A spray of Paris green, using one- I have,repeatedly seen Kieffer pearsas
foes is the cabbage. Its succulent fourth pound to a barrel of water, is the late as the middle of December in
k p-een'leaves are especially inviting to the best remedy when worms are too numerous -
fine form and of good quality.
insects of early spring as food, and later ) for hand-picking, but after the heads pretty r
form a most excellent hiding place. have begun to form, Pyrethrum (Buhach The grower allows them to hang on THE
The wavy striped flea beetle (phyllo- or Persian insect powder) powder will be the tree until fully grown and then <
treta vittata) is one of the first to appearin safer as it is not poisonous to man,though stored in a cool cellar in stone crocks '
the spring, and though only one-tenth equally effective. This can be dusted l, such as are used as pork barrels by I!ENTERPRISEMeat
oj an inch long, its numbers soon compensate using equal parts of the powder and flour farmers.
: for size and render it quite a nui- which have been thoroughly mixed and
sance. allowed to stand owe? eight, or sprayed .. .. = Chopper'makes
The adults can be easily recognized by with one ounce to three gallons of water. ;
The Deland News the sausage scrapple and
each The larvae of Phisia Phisia sums up
the waving yellow stripe on wing Cabbage ( :
; cover the rest of the body'being a shin- Jrrssicae Riley) is one of the most destructive building operations for. the.past year :hog .he d cheese quickly and
ing buck, and its characteristic flea-like pests, frequently stripping the in that city at over a hundred thous ;.thriftily-saves you as much In' -
jump due to its stout hind legs. The female head of its outer leaves and even penetrating and dollars.S. one busy 'week as it costs.
'> small holes the base of the stalk. The are about
worms
near
gnaws L. Green of St. Chops meats, vegetables, fish.
the stem or upper root and here lays two two inches long when full grown, of a Hastings,. Johns I .
'' or three eggs, from which hatch the small green color with lighter, linear stripes, county, has started a steam grinding Steadily perfected for 15 years.
,. yellowish white larvae. and may.be recognized from their man- plant for the -manufacture of sugar For sale by ell dealers. Small family size
'" These are from one-fourth to onethirdof ner of *'loo ing up" when crawling.The and employed an expert sugar maker. Large No.6,family 82. Chops size, No.one 10,pound 83. Chops a minute two
an inch in length with a brown head moth is of a dark brown color, Palatka pounds a minute. Bend 4c.In stamps for tbe -
Herald.
and several small darkspots just behindit about one and one-half inches wide, re- Enterprising Housekeeper recipes.
and damage the roots, especially of semblimg a cut worm moth,with the fore THE ENTERPRISE MFG. CO. of PA., Phlla.G .
young plants which frequently succumbto wings marked by a silvery'white letter '
the attack, as if due to "damping off." "V," and a small spot, and has a bushy I STATE OF OHIO, CITY TOLEDO,} Small
After attaining its full size the larva tuft of hair at the end of the abdomen.The LUCAS COUNTY, ... j V.
forms an earthen cell and there remains ? eggs are laid among the leaves of the FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that Gra mes,a l
in the pupa stage for from two to three plant) and about three weeks is requiredfor -ol lire list fw. .
senior the firm
he is the
$ partner-of Extra fine stock of CURRANTS, Including
weeks, when the adult beetle appears the worms to retch their full size.
and unrivalled
and at once commences to eat the outer They pass the pupae stage in a loose silken F. J. CHENEY & Co., doing businessin extra pew Warranted true.TVJJy T.a.D.ER..LotDu'ratu.Qa&Uty HCBBUU)to,rndMii.LI.FERTIL1ZER .
tissue of the foliage, being especially in- cocoon, and to emerge adults about the City of Toledo, County and -
jurious to the first fleshy leaves J of the two, weeks later, repeating the processfor State aforesaid, and that said firm
young plants. Several broods appear three to six broods in the South. will pay the sum of ONE HUN- '
during a season the (number varying The cabbage Plutella (Plutella crucif-- DRED DOLLARS for .each and $
with the season and latitude. erarum, zellar) a small moth with a wing
Tobacco water or powder sprinkled on expanse of slightly over half an inch, is every case of CATARRH that cannot
\ the plant forms the best repellant to quite destructive in the larval stage. The be cured by the use of HALL'S CATARRH F
I". their attack. If tobacco or any other worms are greenish, only about one- FOR FLORIDA .
-, powder-air slacked lime and ashes are fourth inch long, and attack only the CURE.FRANK J.. CHENEY.
..: beneficial used, the,dusting should be outer leaves, and do considerable damage Tbe&lnd to raise all.vegetables quickly. ._ .
done while the plants are yet damp with when numerous or not soon noticed. Sworn to before me and subscribedin .
dew. But a dead beetle cannot lay eggs, The parent moth is an ash gray color, my presence, this 6th day 'of De- AGRICULTURALCHEMICALS '.
and the pest can soon be destroyed by with the hind margin of the front wings cember, A. D., 1886.
proper spraying. marked with a pale, wavy streak which .
Dr. 0. M. Weed has found lime wash makes a row of diamond shaped marks ,---, A. W. GLEASON and Insecticides to
composed of "A pint or more x>f. freshly when the wings are folded together over Fungicides bllgnt, rot and lost by insects. Get a prevent pampb ,
slaked lime to two gallons of water, into the back. For both this and the Physia. t SEAL} Notary Pubit.rJ' let from
which thoroughly mixed teaspoonful the remedies given above for the common .
POWELL FERTILIZER& CHEMICAL Co.
.
will be found effectual.To .
= worms
of Paris effectl al. This
should be used green, very and ( be Continued). Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter- BALTIMORE. MD.
as soon as possible .
not after the plants begin to "head up," Cornell University. nally and acts directly on the blood rm m. i .
r- though: there'is a slight possibility ofpolsonmg. -Southern Ruralist. and mucous surfaces of the system.. The sale of fertilizer stamps by the 0.

.-S.Sr Send for Testimonials, free. department of agriculture last week'.' ';.-

4 as The scarcely cabbage worms need description.are so well known Three There is not 'an unoccupied store i in l F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0. aggregated: $324, *the. tax on 1,296't, r. :

forms are common in he South,of which Quincy and they are in,demand, too,i >>@,Sold by Druggists, 750. tons. ,_-

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.1 is V .810( THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. DECEMBER 18

$

4 Mi! Fmer d "Fruit Grower, Appeal to Our Friends. foreign fruits, and .are having it inmost 1 free, while I paid the taxes, and for '

The; orange groves are showing up? things, but need a duty of 25 i repairs, and also helped to pay for
.A Weekly Kewtptper published at 16 Main yellow once more, as in the old days.. cents per bunch on bananas. The their supplies Thus I have given mown

$treet. Tacbcm nllj1LTIBJISoY Some of the who left the raisin, prune, orange, lemon and pineapple personal experience with cotton
SUBSCRIPTION growers growers are fairly protected, but raising in this locality during the year
for One Tear .- .......feeo State, as they .and we supposed for the banana cuts a big figure in the 1897, to show that under such condi

forte Month*.......... ..... 1.00 good, are coming back to our subscription fruit trade of the whole of America. tions it has become unprofitable to

f 1'1'ortfcD.Countries ..................,..... 3.00 list: Pineapples, tobacco, There can never be many bananas own the farm lands, and as a remedyto
;II Sub crlptioDs in all cash in
cases
and other full produced in Florida or California, as prevent bankruptcy and pauperism
r.. advance. No discount allowed on one's sugar-cane, staples are
jwn subscription(except in a club), but to of promise.The I decided in my own mind after look- among the owners! of the soil, as wellas
all agents a liberal casn commission. will ing over the warmer parts of those the tenantry, I have suggested that
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby Farmer and Fruit Grower has I states, but there is not a town of much we must raise practically all our food

them. Write for terms. always been the fcremost exponent of size in all the country that does not for man and beast upon our own

To every.subscriber, new or old,remi* the cultural wealth and possibilities of now have foreign bananas for sale. farms, and to enforce this beneficent
ting us $3.00, we will send the paper one It is I have
not our banana that need remedy suggested thatthe
growers owners
.' year and a copy of ,Bolts' VegetableGrowing' the State, and today the old journal
.In the South for Northern abates protection but the peach, apple pear of the land absolutely require it,
Markets pa,' -naid.. For two new subscribers none'of its determination in plum, grape and berry growers that and because I emphatically state thatI
4 at $3.00 each, we will send, promoting this cause. No other pub need-it. The sale of every fruit is affected will require this on my land, and

postpaid Culture.,", a copy' of Moore's: "OrangRemittances e lication-we say it modestly-has I by the banana as a foreign in.; will hereafter stand for no food sup
vader. I told Secretary Wilson the pliesthe writer referred to "This
should be made by check, labored more zealously or steadfastly says:
postal'note money order or registered to hold the gist of this, in the only conversation I looks like slavery revived, or old world
letter.to order of together discouraged and ever had with him, and that lasted landlordism introduced into grand

Rates of advertising on application. broken ranks of the orange growers. less than five minutes There is a old Texas." indeed! Slavery for the

JFAXMXB AND :FRUIT GROWER On the otherhand we need-we duty on cocoanuts which is not need owner to say to the tenant, you can

Jacksonville., Fla. always need-the help of our friends. ed, for we can never grow cocoanutsto not raise enough cotton on this land

Our paper does not come with its commercial profit, but the banana to support your family, and I therefore
CONTENTS. comes in free, to the detriment of our require you, first, to provide for your
-.- hands full of premiums, our patronsare fruit growers. We ought to press our family by growing provisions for them,

.. GROT AMD>> ORCHARD-Orange Trees and not.of that class. They are not claims upon the members of Congress" and I will take. my chances for my
'.. cold-Plans for Protection;White WashIng seeking so much thelittle present gainof The consumption of bananas in the rents after you have raised a bountiful
'. as Winter Protection;secret of ripen- some cheap gift as the larger United States is one of the most remar.: supply for yourself. Is it slavery fora
ing Japan Plums; Future Orange Crops. 803 pro- kable phenomena of the times. 'It is Galveston merchant to his .
'' require
Torches In Orchards; Bl-Sulphlde of Car- fit of a' knowledge of their craft-how
bon for Trees;Dismal Predictions;Japan make a fruit so rich and nourishing, so universally clerks to run his business according
Chestnuts;Groves at Daytona............ 804 to money by better farming and relished, that it seriously to the proprietor's views? It wouldbe
PABMXR AND TSUCKIE Those' winter finer horticulture. We need to have threattens the fruit-growing industry of sweet liberty for the land owner to
Growing Beans; Ginseng Culture;When] friends the But that is allow his tenants all the
our the land
speak a good word for our country.- not : to plant
t and How to Apply Fertilizer........... 806POUWBY
ground on which to advocate in cotton and reduce the
-Notes for December; "Feeding paper on proper occasions, to get up a heavy : price to
for Eggs In Winter;Feeds and Feeding; clubs of new and old subscribers. tariff. It is a product of the lowest three cents per pound, and then
Pickings from the Yards.............f... 806 and most degraded labor of the subtropical stand for all their provisions and
'Cottonseed Hulls and Meal as Feeds..__. 806 : offer either a reduced club-rate or a l regions; it'is almost a bountyof clothing accounts, and pay the bal-
Malaria.Mal Aqua;Economy and Honey; liberal cash cqmmission on subscriptions nature a gift of the for them that their
Handling Bees............................ 807 new ,unequaled fertility ances cheap cotton
'. State News...................... ............808 and renewals.In and sunshine of those regions failed\ to pay, and tell the boys he
OUR BUBAL HOMB-MineandThine; which are so malarious and infested could make out without any rents,
for
Christmas Suggestions;Waste of Human working an exponent of theircra'ft with insects as to be practically uninhabitable that he could mortgage the farm to .

:-: Foods;Yellow Fever .. ............ ,.., 808 the growers are not working for for Anglo Saxons. The' labor raise money to pay the taxes. Yes,
Some Foes of the Cabbage:Grower; The us alone for the rebate required it that
or to is would be
commission produce That
; Finishing Touches....................... 809! or not onlyof sweet liberty
Appeal to Our Friends; Tariff on Bananas; .they receive. All the membersof the lowest order, but very little even slavery which I seek to avoid is the

The.Fatal Crop Wen.....o.... .. ..... 810Markets the soil-tilling class of Florida are of that is necessary. Consquently a slavery which follows from the tenant
;The Government as a Newspaper- heavy tariff ought to be placed on i it mortgaging his.crop, his mules and
Publisher; Blackberry Klondykes......: 811 inseparably bound together in.a common because it is capable of carrying a hen his wagon for supplies which he oughtto
: ........... .....
....
Seeds and Seed Buyers 812 destiny. Unity, strength, courage tariff. It is times richer raise home. That writer would
Items..... ................................... 8H vy many than at
Straw Mulch For Potatoes; 'Stall Feeding money, the presenting of a bold potatoes and apples; almost as rich asbeeCandbread. even have him mortgage his muscle

I Of Cattle..,...........,................. ,816 and.forceful 'front, the power of num The banana, coming and denounce the beneficent land -
bers-are alone competent fo, secure into the United States by millions of owner (who usually has superior intel
Weather Jacksonville.. bunches, costing the producer so little, ligence) for requiring the tenant to
Week finding December 14,1897D1TB. just rates from the transporters, and to carrying: in itself so much that.supports use common sense in providing comforts

enforce right dealing from the middle human life, is able to bear a and necessaries for his family,

.' .B fi.. M bt Ii..a. !? men. Not that transporters and middlemen generous part of the heavy burdens of without the burdens of debts and
.; .. -. a ., "11-.: are dishonest-the government Let it be saddled with mortgages. That writer is a theorist,
vast
majority
:i )t 1 ::II -
i it and I have it
- no objections perchancehe
-
:; Dec. 8....... 4. s8 69 43 26 56 0 j of them are honest men-but t > < his
views
.. can impress upon congress ,
-: .. 9s. 77 54 59 ISIS 68 63 JM 0 they are full of human nature, eagerto The Fatal Crop Lien. to suspend the rules and pass a

I_ .... ii.12..........:..... 67 64 18 76 S9 63 19 13 68 70 .03 F get rich, and !they will beat down The following from'trie Galveston law with the emergency clause pro ,

rf. .... S3H............... fi 57 64 04 14 55 60 19 4 64 62 .80 the weak and disorganized as surelyas News, with the substitution of vege hibiting foreign immigration, also
,. - -- force rules mankind. A tables, strawberries, oranges, etc., for gambling in.futures; but I, write from
f: )(eu...:..... 57 63 76 56 17 64 1.70 class strong cotton, will apply with equal force in the pages of my own practical, per
Total rainfall 040 inches.. journal, not burdening every issue our latitudes: sonal experience of things whereof I

I ': T-Trace. MrTCEELL with outcries against the "farmers' "In Sunday's News, under the am informed,. and would impress my
A. J.
w ,ObServer. enemies"-but giving facts, giving in. head of "Some Remedies Suggested," suggestions upon the cotton producers ,
4 Irvin S. the writer severely criticises of this section to the end that
Singletary received 1,200 formation, giving arguments on both I my suggestions we may
orange trees on the steamer St. Lucie, sides, bearing a steady hand at all 1 in the News of the 22d. He be benefited right now, and during -
which he.will set out in grove form i n quotes me as saying that after my tenants the pear 1858, and the years that fol.
times-is like
the new grove of Post & Singletary a standard borne above t! had paid me their rents they had low. His speech may be entertaining

located about ten miles up the Caloo 1, the heads of' the .soldiers. In sustaining [I nothing left, when my statements were at political ward meetings and before i,: ,

'" .-Myers Press. it the growers sustain their 1;plain that it took nearly all their cotton labor organizations in the cities, but is -

It made the railroad boys think of own cause. to pay for their own store accounts, of little practical value to the farmers :

s the good old times when a train went .. I for which I had stood security. I will 1 of this section. We hear the echoesof >
now also state that a few of ten this ruinous low of
up the Charlotte Harbor division from Tariff on Bananas. my price cotton-all! J,
Punta.Gorda one day l last week with ants paid over everything they raised I over this state, threatened white-cap ,
.. fourteen .solL! car oaof It-is an agreeable surprise to find this year on their own store accounts ping, barn burning, etc., and indeedit
phinges. Professor H. E. Van Deman former.and left balance .
Five of thee. were from Fort a unpaid, which bal is a very serious matter to farm landowners :,
Myers, and the other nine United States Pomologist, entertain ,ance I paid out of my pocket, .because and we must intelligently :a i.
were pickedup
between Punta Gorda ing the following views as expressed I .I had stood good for the same, meet it, grapple with it and seek to -A

cadi .-Myers Press. and Ar. by him in Green's Fruit Grower: "We, :and from them I received no rent remedy it right now not 'by following ::

may need some.protection by tariff on Thus the few tenants used my l land I If the visions of theorists, but by carefully( ]

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.- :1897: THB :FLORIDA PA'RV1m'.A.1m FBUIT-GROWEB. ,' :: 811 --:.- J.

3 ;*' T : .
R -.

i:. r I An Unprecedented Saleof ESTABLISHED: 1874. -J

i Groceries and Wines for Christmas gifts .Conducting a legitimate banking business

t % \ we will have from"now till the holidays are "\ :
commercial ,
strictly lines. ,
t over. We ore offering a splendid fine of upon ... j
\ Fruits and Jellies, with many.high-class novelties .
f suitable for gifts, at prices that will
t please you when you are trying to make one TaE FIRST NATIOALBANK.OF} FLORIDA(

4' dollar get what you ordinarily. would for two .4

a SAL6. -A7LJAcKsoNTILEE-- .
HIGH John Clark Son & Co. 'i
r--,; t;6 GRADE ,, FL-A. '

"=' GOODS Commission Merchants, and Dealers in Groceries Solicits the business of merchants, planters and fruit growers :1

F ONLY Wines, Cigars, Coal, Flour and Grain. All accounts have personal attention. Drafts on England =1.
Consignments of Eggs, Chickens and Country '
M I Produce solicited. l and the continent bought and sold on favorable

;: L, "4% 202 to 214 E. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla. terms. R.. c. COOLEY, Cashier..
._ C OPraIo r ,ah JAMes M. SCHUnACHER, President.


'? PLANT HALL' PEDIGREE 8 SECOND EED SITUATIONS SRBIIRRB fOR STUDENTS. 1

S TOES and Double Favorite your, the crop.HaIl's OROP., '

Strawberry best of 50 varieties the past season ; 25,000 Fine
50,000 Clouds; 50 other varieties flee stock. Write for free catalo MASSEY7S '
J. W. HALL, Marion SU.,Md. I .-
,
R. .

..
.1;

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.
\ FREE
.' These and many other article.
Y fully described in our Premium List, GIVEN Jacksonville, Fla.,
to reliable persons helping us to introduce KING'S SEEDS for field
and garden. NO MONEY required in advance. Write us on postal Columbus; Ga. : A. e ,
,
Collection of Seeds which I
card: Please send me one$3.00 willtryto
; sell for you, and should I fail I will return unsold Seeds and money for those sold in SOda .
,..." and we will at once send the Seed, prepaid, with premium list and testimonial. Birmingham, Ala., _

WATCH Recrencc-Cltt given for; selling Bank of one Richmond.$3.00 Collection I T. J. y CO, RiCHmond, V a. Montgomery, Ala.

F THE GREAT. SCHOOLS OF THE SOUTH. '

farmers, and I invite suggestions

: from intelligent, interested cotton "'" Send for Catalogue, Address Nearest School. ;?
growers. From frequent talks with JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Dec. 18, 1897. .

intelligent farmers in this locality, I FRUITS AND PRODUCE. ESTABLISHED 1875.

am gratified to find that the plan indicated Corrected by Marx:Bros. '

. i will be largely followed next WILLIAM. BOPS
These are avenge quotation. Extra choice ,
: : year, and.I ,see that other counties lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor I .

(notably Williamson) are preparing lots Apples seUlower.,per barrel....,.......... ..............4.00 Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers -
"for radical changes in the manner of Pines ............ ............._....... ...3.50 _
Lemons, Messina,................box..3.75 ,
farming, and I hope to see good re- English Peas, dried,..............bus........1.25 .
sults. JOHN E. CRAWFORD. Peanuts beat brand...... ............04 to aa wICST BA'7 aT., .JAOKSONVILLE, FLA.
. Potatoes, ............. .........bbl..........2.60.05
Seed Chili, Red...................:.......... 3.50
The of Agriculture is Rarly Rose ....u........ ..u..............3.00 We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of
. Department Hebron... ...................... .
; going still further into the business of Peerless.......................................3.00.3.00
Dakota Red...................................3.00 Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal l
the agricultural paper, It now calls Bliss Triumph................."..........3.50 .
_.. for articles on the growing, marketing Onions, ........................bb1.... .......2.SO
Sgg..........-........_.......''dor..........20 Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.
L ,and export of tobacco, and promises -
to for the best articles at the VEGETABLES POULTRY.
pay
.
Corrected by Davis&Robinson. 8TAIB AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE
rate of $15 per 1,000 words. It must

be remembered that the Department i 7ellow Yams .".................bnsh .50 Milker Co.
Sweet Potatoes. ........... ..,....... o3S to .40 Tieri-IllBB NITRATE SODA,
: charges a fixed price for many of its Hubbard 1q1l&lh, ................bbl 1.50-2.00 .
Lettuce, ....................... ..dos BP
that it is in direct 30 Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH '
publications, so now Celery. Florida .......... ..... ,
25 30 k
competition with our agriculturalpapers. Egg Plants..................... .bbl.. 3.000-4.00 MK
Tomatoes, .__..........crate.... 1.50to 2.00 owRiimtBD.ANiwsis. SULPHATE POTASH .
Possibly the next step will Sweet Pepper,. _................xbu .... ....i.oo ,
be to to secure advertise- Green Beans,.................. crate.. 75 to I oo Tree and VejBhlile
attempt r
....... Orange KAINIT Eton
Pumpkins, .... .......each .s to aoKershaws
ments for the bulletins and reports! .... ..... ..........each: .310 .10 gEBTIIIZEB.
Parsley, ....._... dox.bunches -
This is done in the of the .per .30
publications Green onions,.....per doz.bunches .25 These Fertilizers hm no rapttior la tht market.t Mid a trial will eosrloct.frc .
so-called Bureau of American.Republics Pepper,hot,._:...._..........bushel .SO to 1.00 a.nd cstsl.ea. fr.s. .
Sage well cured...... ....- ..lb .25
and'a suit is now being broughtto Hens......:: ---.-...--.... .30 to 35Roosters. .
determine the right of the Government ...<-..........._._. .2010.25 worth $60,000 of
Half grown..-.-..... ....... .1510.25 been shipped, ,
'' to go into such business. It Turkeys, .....-..per pound gross .Io to..12 which $15,000 went to the pickers, I ,
" Ducks._'.__......._....... .25 to .30 .
' that of our agricul. .
seems to us some estimated the total ship
Geese *......... and it was QUICK WORK
4 tural papers will be obliged to get upi Leeks ............perdoibunches. .aoto.25. ments would be worth 125000. ,
Radishes, ...................per dos .15 In and for Fruits and '
selling paying
and dust themselves if they expect to Cucumbers,............:.......crate 1.25 to 1.50 Country Gentleman. snipped to us is our motto. Vegetables WE- '<
hold their own against competition Spinach. .................per bushel 1.25-.50 4 GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Cauliflower.............,.......perbbl 5.00 I FIRST PLACE BECAUSE
y= of the Department Turnips,...i......................bunch .03 The public school building at Lake BUY OURSELVES.: They are WE protectedby NEVER <
Florida ,.... ...pound section .10
-* Honey has been It is a : our 40 years experience without defaulting <
City just completed.
.
a dollar. Enquire: as to our standingand > ,
Blackberry Klondykes. credit to the State as well as the '' fiaAneia1ltabllity which any bank or
Some penniless German began planting fields of berries. This School merchants having mercantile reports can
years ago a costing$7,000. open.
county, Yerify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OURMKtROD
stopped in a Georgia town. He saw year nearly $150,000 was distributed ed with 250 pupils, under the man WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
women and children bringing blackberries among the farmers and pickers of that agement of Prof. Spencer, of South your cards name{rt.t.for Letters our quotations.promptly Stencil answered.and

to sell. He bargained with a section, and trains of twelve cars were Carolina. :
storekeeper to receive the fruit while often loaded at the station. Fifteen FRENCH& CO.,

be.l looked! after the gathering and years ago a citizen of Liberal, Mo., The Floridian says that eighteen ': 116 Warren St., New York.
buildings are in various stagcs ot con- .
shipping. It was profitable, and the began planting blackberries; slowly '
followed till farmer hada struction in Tallahassee, and only one ESTABLISHED 85Se
others
their
next year he'paid the pickers for every
work. The year after he bought field of them., This season up to a "For Rent" sign is to be seen- in the. I !

t crpps-on the farms, and some farmers certain date fifty cars. of berries had city. .

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.n 812...... THE FLORIDA. FABMEB AND FRUIT-GROWER. DECEMBER 18.*


.

. Seeds,'and Seed Buyer poor quality of those seeds yet millions from 50 to 140; okra, 80; onion, 1000

BY A SEEDSMAN.' of people keep on buying these eame box seeds; parsley, 2500; parsnip, 1500; pepper .
'
seeds hoping for "better luck" next time.: 500 to 800 to size
There are bat few readers of this ; pumpkin, accordieg .
paper
who do not purchase from twentyfivecents There is no such thing as "luck" in seeds. of'seed, from 30'to 80;' radish, 1000; sal lw

to one Hundred dollars worth of If seeds are good and YOU have a favorable sify, 350; squash, from 30 to over 100; -

seed during,the course of a year and season and they have been planted spinach, 700; tomato, 2000; turnips, over
; during the many years that we have right they will come up. If they are 4000: seeds, except rota bagas, which have
been identified with the seed business in poor seed,all the combination of luck, larger seed and average 3000 to the

the,South'we-have learned 'some things season and soil that you can ,get won't packet. Our packet of peas, beans,sweet ..+ -
about seeds and seed buying by the planters make them grow corn each contain two ounces."
=- of this section that may be of interest The writer talked with a gardener near We have no wish to disparage this liberality -

dt, to those who purchase seeds. one of the principal towns of a sister but on our own behalf we would .
In this connection we wish to emphasize state this summer. There are three state that our packets of small seeds con u -
one point In planting fruit trees stores in that town that sell seeds. Thegardener tain from one-fifth to one-third more

_ and grains it is necessary before horticulture said he bought his seed at the seeds of just as good germinating quality Shortest Most AttractivoR.O'UTB '
agriculture can be made a success- stores in town, and in reply to the question and far better adapted to the South and Quickest, -
.
.: in any section have varieties especially '"which one do you buy from?" he that our packets of peas, beans, and com
adapted to that section. In opening answered "I buy from one of them one with the exception of a few new high

up a new section, if there are no varieties year. The Reed makes ,me a poor crop priced varieties, "contain from 3} to 4 AND ..
from other sections and I buy of another the next year and ounces of seed at the same price. FLORIDA THE NORTH
canbeobtained then the third the THE flip
one following
cess;;then before success year. MISREPRESENTING SEEDS.
s new.,varieties mustbe originated. Peach After geting cheated for three years he .' There is ascertain class of seedsmen in Florida Central and Peninsular F
began from
buying the first
culture in Florida and Georgia is a strik- again, setting -, the United States who to the
ready to go the round again, hoping, seem go on NEW THROUGH '
ing example of this. It is equally true ROUTES.
that
fool
supposition a is born min-
as he expressed it for "better luck.11 He every
of vegetables. To attain the best results, ute and we believe ,they have it about New York to Jacksonville by
saioV he
was afraid to send his
varieties must be planted that are adapted money New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash
right. We refer to those seedsmen who
to this section. away to a seed house for fear something and in ton. Southern Hallway to
The might happen and it would get-lost. Yet p fill their catalogues with pictures of impossible Northern 1 Columbia, Florida! Central &
question naturally arises "what Air Line.
this vegetables and grains; cabbages Peninsular to all principal
lived in the
man 1897 andgrumbled
varieties are adapt''to this section?" year points Florida.
big as a barrel
because ; pumpkins as big as a .
The iqtendingJmver i talus the-'cata his crops were poor Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati '
-
up house
logue 01\ a .Philadelphia :KQW York and h& could not make'any more than a ears of corn two or three feet tion by Queen & Crescent,
or
long; 800 bushels of oats and 1300 bushels '
living: This man lacked common business Harriman Junction to Ashe-
seedhonse..and 1
Detroit tries to pick,,out of Ashevllle & ville and Columbia
There is potatoes per acre. Their) idea is to by South
: sense no, more riaki in
suitable varieties.
The seedsman has impress the intending with the ern Railway, and Florida
sending away in a registered letter buyer Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular
money Colum
: had his trials of varieties made in his
i idea that they can do likewise if will
they bia to
for seeds than in paying it to a merchant J Jacksonville.
section. He finds
own that certain .
varieties only,buy seed of those
some
.
vaneties.These
Cincinnati to Jacksonville
the
over counter and seed by 4
\give splendid results in Pennsylvania ] house every seedsmen should not be encouraged Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga
of the
or Michigan. He naturally shows guarantees delivery seeds. by Their and Southern R'y to Ever-
'this variety up well in his catalogue and This man was paying these stores enough patronage. cataloguesmisrepresent Florida}ette,Florida Central & Peninsular -
a recommends it highlyand he is right in money to get good seeds and he would things on every 'page. No Limited. to all Important Florida
sensible man should be deceived points.
have got good seeds if he had by
doing,so, as two thirds of his customers sense them.- Kansas
City Fort Scott
&
enougn4to send off for them. The differ Hangar City
are in the Northern states. The Southern We believe in and have always practicedgiving and Memphis R.R.to Kansas City,
ence would have been the difference be
seed purchaser buys this variety on Jackgo'villeThro' to Birmingham,Southern RTr
true descriptions and true illustra
the of its tween a good cropland a poor one; the Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
representations successful
difference between tions. We have always preferred to underrate Peninsular to all Fla. points.
a paying and a
growth. and makes it a partial crop Louis to Jacksonville
compete losing good qualities of any varieties bye
or failure. Why is ,it?: one. rather than'to deceive the 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
; Simply because, that.particular varietywas If this man, was only an occasionalone I purchaser. i Holly Sp'gs Central to Holly Bp'gs>> ,
t not adapted to the South. Some it would not make much difference, CHEAP SEEDS. Route. City Memphis & Birmingham
varieties

but there is about two or three' million. The few has J to Birmingham,Sou. i f
of vegetables highly recommended past years seen some cutting R'y to Everette and F. C.& P.
by Northern seedsman are no more) just like him in the South. It is just of prices in packets of seed, the Sioux City&Chicago to Jacksonville :

adapted to the South than the Florida such people as he who keep alive the packets have been sold at 1,2,3, and 4 Holly Sp'gs 111. Cent. to -Holly
orange is to Canada. country store seed trade. So long as they cents. There is either low quality of Route }8p'gs, K., 0. M. & B. to Birmingham i

The seed of some kinds of t vegetables continue to buy there just so long will 1 ff fi seeds in the packets or else the quantity ette and the, Sou.F. C.R'y& P.to Ever-

S; must of necessity be crown North simply they get poorer quality than they can get i is reduced to meet the price. With the Louis'ille &Nash' lle to Rive _
for the reason that the climatic condItions by sending away., We know the South (exception of some varieties of turnip and New Orleans Junction. ,F. C. & P. onl/
of the South make it impossible to is not educated up to doing much in the 1 beets there is nothing to justify the cuts To }route with through sleepers sJaclso'ville

grow the seed to perfection here, no matter way of belying by mail, but it is time for 1 that have een.in the price of packets as Jacksonville between New Orleans and

how well the, vegetable itself may: such men as we have described to wakeup above stated. The F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in

grow. Cabbage is an instance of it-" We J to their opportunities. The source of supply of cheap seed ismostly Florida running through the .

find, however, that it makes a decided I A PACKET OF SEED. in,Europe. Cheap tomato seed is Tobacco Stock Hemont Warming, and D CleetCotl, '
' I difference what part oftheNorthca.bbage Outside of the market gardeners most saved from the refuse of the ,Northern I Peach and Strawberry Land,

( seed for the South should be grown of the seed bought is bought by the canning factories; water-melon and musk- Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,
,
in. Cabbage feed grown in one part of packet. What is a packet of seed? melon from'the'culls of the shipping Phosphate Hat the Kelt Silver Spring and '

the North will produce well, even under Mr. W. A. Burpee sprung this interesting crops, and so on through the list Good fine Scenery,
unfavorable circumstances, and make question in his 1897 catalogue. Mr. Bur seeds and dead'seeds are mixed together The. Great HunNnQ Country ,
good heads while the seed of the same pee is, we believe, reputed to be the different proportions. Of late years Reachet the Aoted Fishing Ground ,
variety in another Northern many farmers who were tired of low Has the best lands for tillage, greatest varl
grown state most liberal in quantity of seed of any ety of soils in the State,and above all
will make a failure even under favorable Northern seedsman. He prices in staple crops tried their hand at

conditions growth. Why this is sow "Those who purchase seeds says by weightor seed growing with a result that was any Runs Where over It is the High Central and Healthy.Rldgeland

cannot tell, but we know it is so by measure can see readily whether the thing but desirable in the quality of the Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
testa nade'dde by side., What we have full quantity bought has been delivered: seed. This placed more cheap seed on f the best freight facilities for any produce to

said about._cabbage in this is'even more Thousands, however, requiring only a the market. Some seedsman buys it and the Northern markets.
marked in the cheap cabbage seed from small supply of vegetable or flower seeds you can assure yourself that he is going free Send) and also note for the the towns best on map its of route.A. Florida. (sent

3 Europe which is, the principal source of I purchase "packets." Packet is an elastic to sell it again, possibly to you, if you .0.MACDONELL,O.P.A
,supply of the box seeds in country store term. The quantity of.seeds contained are foolish enough to buy seeds from the Jacksonville FLa*
-
There is not more than one year in in a "packet" depends entirely country store.
every seven when the season is favorable the liberality of the seedsman. upon There'i*, just as much difference between The Fla..Cent. & Peninsular R. R,

enough in the South to make a satisfactory In these "hard times" some dealers seed growing and the.raising of Offers to Shippers

crop out of European grown cabbage seek to draw trade by offering seeds cotton, wheat and corn as there is between
seed.; The work of obtaining varieties of seemingly very cheap at 'odd the work of a "jack-leg" carpenter The Shortest and Quickest Boats

vegetables and grains adapted to the such as 2 eta,Sets and 7cts., "per per and the best cabinet makers. BETWEEN
South and the growth of the seed for et." Comparison of these'so-cahe We ,have pointed out to you a few .
such crops in the sections best adapted iswe "cheap seeds" with the regular packets things about seeds and seed buying and .FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

only begun and in the course of time filled by our,standard gauges have shown we trust that you will profit by them. THE EAST AND WEST.

expect to have aa select a list of varieties that in quantity as well as quality,- Remember that the bargain hunter in
suitable to seed buying gets beat in the end. With Improved Ventilated Cars this com
our Southland as the North Burpee's seeds are really cheaper! If he pany is better equipped than ever ever toaudio
has, for that section now. The.writer To show plainly that the lowest-priced buys at two cents per packet be gets a the Orange and Vegetable Crops and
takes no little"pride in the, 'fact that he "packets" are not the cheapest, we state quality or quantity to fit the price. insure close connections and prompt despatch '
to all Eastern and Western
was the first to realize this special need tlJe number of seeds, by accurate count, H. G. HASTINGS. Through, oars to destination Mark ta. without n
of the South. and,begin the work of obtaining contained in our packets of the leading Interlachen, Fla. change or delay.

suitable varieties, doing in his vegetables. -Southern. Ruralist. Perishable freight followed by wire and
line:what Taber and Berckmans have In each packet we put a libera18upply. There is now on exhibition in the shippers advised time passing various Juno-
done,in the line of fruit trees. packet of contains about Uon points and arrival at destination.
BUYING asparagus windows of the Board of Trade rooms Allclalms for overcharges and loss prompt-, y
SEEDS. 250 seeds; beets 600 seeds; borecole, or> ly adjusted.
Nine out of ten persons who buy seeds kale, more than 1000 seeds; brussels an immense collard "tree." The See that goods are
in the South do not get their money'sworth. sprouts! 1000 seeds cabbage 800 seeds monstrosity was grown by Joe Vaughn your marked
'; ; ); via F. C. &; P. r. R.
This is
a broad statement but a cauliflower, 800 to 450 seeds; carrot, 6000 who says that it has furnished For
information call
manya ,
.an or address
true one Nine oat of ten. 001s eda at seeds; celery varies from 4000 to 8the X) mess of tasty greens. The "tree" is dersigned! : ,the un
x c the country store; seeds that are seeds; cucumber, according,. to size of C. E. TAYLOR Trar.A'gt,Ocala Fla.
'cheapest obtainable; and which, if leftover seed from 200 to 300; egg-plant, 500); nine feet high; it is two years old W. B. TUCKER Gene A','t,Orlando, PI;*.,

.from one year's sales keep traveling kohl-rabl!, 800; Ieek?!l200; lettuce;about Joe says he had one >15< feet high at W.G.1.HOLDEN.Trav.He FULLER.;Trav.A'gt.A : Tam Flap .

around the country until they are aol d. 3000 seeds; musk-melon, 350 to 300 seeds;I|I the time of the big freeze three yeseeds g Or N.8. PF NNINOTON,Traffic )> .1'1& .

Every reader of this article knows the watermelon, according to size of .ago.-DeLand News. Jacksonville,Flor
WH PLEAS J
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1897._ ; THE. FLORIDA, FAB1&: &.AKBOaCOSTA n.o.10WIL. ."_ .' :: .. _..X813X : 'j i

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SHE FLOEIDA FABMEB AND
-_-_ ;FKUTT-OROWEK 'DECEMBER ;18.



OLD RELIABLE BUCKEYE NURSERIES. ''"VEN -JYOBD" VOL U fN. \I DO NOT buy budded trees on old bard

RATES.-Twenty words stocks,when you can get them
,'name and address
: healthy stock for the Centennial l
same
w ,I have for the season of '98 a fine stock of CITRUS TREES, one taken week,for 35 cents less than; three K cents.weeks 50' cents. NothIng and Satsumas on sweet new price.stock Address

comprising all the leading varieties: Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- H. Friedlander, Interlachen Fla. 10-303m

paid. .
.PARSON BROWN (early), TABDIFF (late), KING, JAFFA, RUBY, BLOOD," Initials Send no and stamps figures larger than two cents. I Hare Them.
count
as one word.
; WASH, 'NAVEL, TANGERINE, PINEAPPLE, YILLA FBANCA 40,000 fine Orange and Pomelo Buds on 4, 5 '
and 6 year stocks. want to sell 20,000 in next
WANTED
LEMON, MARSH SEELESS and WALTERS POMELO. *> trees-Sour for Orange Seed; also sour or- 60 days by discount. VIUfA LAK3 NURSER
ange
budding stock; stateprice IE S,Fruitland Park, Fla. n-i-tf ,'
:> Have rented : per 100. Address, B x 1291, New Or:
< a nursery on land. All No. 1 trees sold. Have probably three :leans, La. ,
12-18-3
;thousand second size stocks five years old, buds from eighteen inches to three feet. THIRTY THOUSAND NURSERY TREES in.

.Must move all trees by-March 1st, and rather than 'transplant will sell all No. 2 VELVET BEANS ground for feed or for Aha eluding: Hart's Seedling and Valenda Grapefrut Late, Dancy S years Tangerines old.- :
trees at 121-2 cents each $10 1,000. ,or hulled and cleaned for mar Budded
p ADDRESS: ket;also machines sold for this work.'Address Lemon and a few Grapefruit Seedless, Pineapple Grapefruit, Eureka Parson f
Florida Iron
.. Exchange and wood Works or Machinery Brown's and Enterprise Seedless All buds on ,
7Ut. GILLBTT Apopka, Fla. 12-18-4
Grapefruit
stock 5 rears old. Buds grown to
TAMPA, FLA. stakes. Trees very fine and sure to please bothas t
PLANT HELONS. to quality and price. Write us. BOWYER ,


;1: /SEEDS FOR THE SOUTH ,$Tnn Plant IN LARGEST CASH Qlrardeau's PRIZES"TRIUMPHS"Triumph.FOR THE grownin FOUR &t; STEPHENS You, Lakeland Should Fla. See


1898. I sell all varieties of melon seed. Write
forCataloage. W.M. GIKAKDEAU,Monticello Those 3.000 two year King buds on 4 and 6year
stocks. The
Florida. most profitable orange grown.
12-182 C. W. FOX Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland .
.. NOT THE CHEAPEST Park, Fla.
U.
ra-t-
f BEDUCED Barred .
'" PRICES Plymouth
.. .. Eggs for hatching. 13 for '75 cents. AND SATSUMA BUDS on ,
'
j BUT THE BEST. \ -:-" .__ HOME, Glenoak,Florida, 12-11-2 CENTENNIAL from seed since the a i

,\ freeze. Buds to 8 feet high, excellent roots
It is Our Business to SupplyGOOD __. ._ -' 100 THOROUGHBBKD COCKERELS and perfect condition. Nothing like it in the =
/: for sale: White Leghorn Black State. Address.H. Friedlander, Interlachen,
Langshan and Black Minorca at $1, 1.50 and Fla. 10-30-Sm(
}., $2 each, according to quality. Lyman Bros., ..
SEEDS Melbourne, Fla. 1z+..3mPARA
Don? You Forget

;.;.That will give the grower the best results when planted in the South You can seeds for GRASS PLANTS, mailed, 3 pounds To send for price list of all the leading varie.
buy roc
'Jess money than from us,but you can't get as good seed. I Fries, ;large lots special prices. Albert ties.of Citrus Trees on 4sand 6 year stocks.
poultry breeder, and State for
agent Discounts
according to size of orders. 0. W. s
Cheap,but poor seed is expensive. at any price. Send for our Catalogue-It is Free. I Lee's Lice Killer. u+3 FOX,Villa Lake Nurseries, FruiUand Park, Fla. ;

H. G. HASTINGS & CO NOTHING LIKE of extra IT IN large FLORIDA.Satsuma A treeson lim- X2-I-tf.

sweet and Hart's, Late on sour stock. WE ARE OFFERING CITRUS NURSERY ;
;SEEDSMEN. Interlachen Fla. Stocks 6 years,buds 2 years old. Very fine; Trees at bottom prices. Choice stock, ,,
I I bearing. H. Friedlander Interlachen, Best varieties true to name, and square
Femme 12-4-6 treatment. Write for prices, stating your
j wants. We can please you. Phoenix Nurseries ;
: WINTER HAVEN NURSERIES ISLAND 'POULTRY YARDS SELLING ,Braidentown,Fla. Established In 1883.
Nothing left but Black Minorcas.
: Offer their Fine Stock of CITRUS Will be sold cheap. Write at once. C. H.
TREES
- ,
at Reduced Prices. Jacques, Fernandina, Fla. 12-4-3 I Need Money, '.

Therefore I will sell my large stock of Orange
: ri Parson Brown, Ruby;Amory, Jafla Bloods, St Michael, Jaffa, Wash. Navels, Fresh Velvet Beans! and Pomelo trees at very low prices. All the best
Tardiff. Dancy, King Tangerines, Villa Franca Lemons. .75 bushel and popular varieties of Orange and Pomelo
per in the pod. Order NOW trees from 3 to 6 feet high. Address for particulars -
Triumph, Marsh Seedless, Thornleisa Silver Cluster Pomelos. They win,Pomona will costyou, Fla.more next March. 12-4-3 H. E r- W. K. Trimble Braidentown Fla. tz-ttf

At $25 per 100, f. o. b. ; 10 per cent off on 500 lots.
T70B SALE CHEAP Fine COB
: thrifty Golden, SALE TwoLeoncoontytann',480WeIand
All trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1} inch diameter. 'Buds JD Self-blanching and other celery plants. 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and '
A.H. Polk. Lakeland, Fla. 12-4-3 tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,
4 Jacksonville,
} to 6 feet high, first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name. 8-24-tf

Address RICHARD KT.flMM Winter MOEYER'S THEODOLITE FOR SALE. 4K
Haven, Fla. X>;will sell for $75 to cash buyer. l'1a.HA.RT'S LATE AND
H. J, Tiffin, Courtney, Brevard Co., Fla. and Buds. Write PARSON for prices BROWN eto.

\TTANTED-TBU8TWOBTHY AND ACTIve MAN thoroughly understanding growing 12-4- i 23 tf W.H.MANN, MannrUle, Fla.
Y Y gentlemen or ladles to travel for
responsible curing tobacco desires
TREES-Wanted
position will about
one
established house CAMPHOR
in Florida. instruct any number of farmers comiingood ; about feet high. Price must
Monthly (65 00 and expenses.Position steady. worker. MATTHEW WATSON, Hasting. be very low. Apply, ,H. J. Tiffin Courtney, THE NEW SOUTH CULTIVATOR Is supe-
Reference. Enclose self-addressed
stamped Florida. 11273.J Brevard Co.?Fla. 12-4-3 ,.to all others. It can be adjusted to .
envelope.Dominion Company, Dept. B.Chi- cultivate any crop from a strawberry patch to
.cago, 1344"I an orange grove, without extra attachments.
Trifoliate for Hedges. Below the Frost Line! Sold on trial; satisfaction guaranteed. Price$5,
Eighty thousand Trifoliata freight paid. Send for circular.T. .
' plants. for
Mr. Chas Phillips has at his Chu- Hedges or for stocK for citrus varieties. SUCCESS JAMAICA! COLONY Coffee, Coma of FLORIDA, Kola Nutmegs Peoplea K. GODBEY, Waldo. Fla

luota home what is probably the finest: VILLA Grandest LAKE hedge Plant for the South.- Ginger Oranges, etc. For full particulars
Florida. NUHSIBIZS Fruitland Park, write,H. G. Burnet&Co., Lingtead,jamaic : GALA WEEK SPECIAL. '
camphor tree.in Florida. It is eight tf. U-i-Gt

s years old, and already this season he You Want Them. SOUR ORANGE SEED $6. Rough'Lemon, An Offer Which-Will Be Taken Ad
has gathered from it of Cash
119 pounds per bushel. with order. Seeds
Of Scores Of
: seed leaving probably half that muchon Some of those three thousand'fine one yea r of tropical fruits in season at reasonable vantage by Sufferers..
Riverside Navel) buds on six year old Bough, rates. H. G. Burnet &Co., Linstead, Ta. -
the branches. He brought seventy Lemon Stocks. Will bloom next spring. Villa L48t. From present indications, not less than 600
in for Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park Fla. afflicted persons will take advantage of Gala
Tuesday shipment-Orlando I Week excursion rates and come to Jacksonville _
Reporter. Seminole Nursery for the express purpose of consulting
FOR QUICK RETURNS AND PHENOME- i Dr. Vincent who has so clearly .
demonstrated
Offers Fine Budded Grape Fruit and
4 After long years of litigation the and King!oranges profits,plant on rough Satsuma lemon Tangerine stock. Trees of choicest varieties and at lowest Orange cash that he is master chronic diseases. To all -,-
I also have Parson prices. V. B. Webster, Fort Meade, Fla. those who begin treatment during Gala Week
of the Brown
Pineapple
partition Delespine Grant has. WashIngton 12-4-6 Dr. Vincent will give 20 per cent discount
Navel Marsh Seedless Grapefruit t, from his usual fee and this rate will
been accomplished. This Villa Franca prevail
opens up I Lemon and.one yearld sour oranges until the patient gets well. This Is .the first
for settlement 43,700 acres of land, and E.Trifoliata plants. write for prices. FB SALE..Vigorous,' White Plume Celery time that Dr. Vincent has ever deviated from
George
Snow,.Eastlake,Fla. 10-9-Qm Plants, one Dollar per Thousand. hi regular rate and it will probably be the
bounded the north -
on by the town of f Moist Sub-Irrigated Muck Celery land for rent last so it Is good advice to you, to advise you ,
Titusville, on the south by Hardeville, SMOOTH CAYENNE Bear Head. Farm,'Pine Castle,Orange Co.\ : to take advantage of this special rate. No .
PEDIGREE PINE- 12-4-3 Florida. matter how many physicians have failed to
and on the east and west by the In imported stocks of years benefit you,come and see what this specialist

' dian and St. Johns rivers respectively. plants careful that selection.have produced Every sucker extra taken large,from fine ALF-PRICE for Budwood,Satsumas,Centennial If has to say about your chances for recovery.
E A you cannot go to see him, send for
Much fruit. E. A. Peck, Orlando, Fla. l 0-6m Tangerines, l 60 cents per 100 by tom blank. symp
valuable land is included in the
i mall, $!.OO per 1,000( )by express. H Friedlan

.tract, and it is a matter.of congratulation WBERRY PLANTS der, interlachen, Fla. 10303mH SPECIALTIES.
: Lady Thompson,
Ii that the contention among the Indian River, etc. Send for price list CATARRH AND It
is J.B. Beach&Co.,Melbourne Fla. Joseph H. Keen. Eugene B. BedOeld.F. I. CHRONIC DIS ,.
; heirs at last set to rest-Titusville EASES of the Eye,
Advocate. AD BUCKEYE NURSERIES great Ear Nose. Throat>,
bargains in trees, good trees ten dollars per B. REDFIELD & CO.. Lungs.HeartStom-.

Two years ago a ,certain grove in i hundred. (Formerly of Bedfield Son. Established i87i.) ach.Kidneys Liver, ,Bladder Bowels,

our vicinity sold for $2opo. The FRUIT SEEDS AND STOCKS. WttOlaBSAlaB jrRDIT Nerves Blood.-Chronic Skin and

orange crop sold last week for $i,- UIcerBOld( Sore
RAFFIA-MANETTI.
.. J?12. Yes, this is a tolerably prosper- HfiD Leg), Cancer, Rupture
8trictureVar-
'I'bjriP community. Looks likewe Prices on applica on. PRODUCECOJIflttSSIOfi icocele. Hydrocele,

would all have, little money ..againstChristmas.Br THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS. and cured Piles without guaranteed -

: Journal. Germantown, Penn. YYIFGJ4ANTSNo % p using Rheumatism the heiferS -
Diseases
The rate on oranges from Manatee The commissioners of .405 New Market St., Fhll'a,Pa. of both sexes are given special attention,
Orange No charge for consultation. Fees always
points to Jacksonville has been reduced county have determined to have good SPKCIATIES; reuona le. Special rates for mall treatment.

f from 34 to 25 "cents aboL The roads, and will at once expend $5,000 Southern Berries DR. W. T. S. VINCENT, Specialist. '

fe 1 Tampa rate has been reduced from "22 for the teams,'tools and machinery to ; .; Mohair Block, Corner Bay & Market Streets., '
Jacksonville Florida.
to, 19 cents.-Ft :Myers Press., construct these highways. Fruits and Vegetables.. Hours: 9 to 12 A. M; .2 OnJj.to 4&7.to 8 P.MSua0jS330to5P.M. -; r 4

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.;4 .OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY




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E, H. HINTON, T. M., Savannah,' Ga. .3.331

-
"4." Proposed Sailing Dates for December, 1897 : ;I 44c :

NEW YORK TO SAVANNAH. ,
?' =1
Pier 34, North Blver-5. II _

Tallahassee....................................... ......_... .........-WedneSday, December 1 1 loff -' 1J.:
.. .. .... ..........Thursday, December 2
Kansas City... ......... .,.:...................................'O.......... Friday, December 3
Naooochee......, .. ...!.............. ...................................Saturday, December 4 4f i
:City of Augusta.......0................'. ..............:......................... Monday, December (6
City of Birmingham........ ....................... .. ..............Tuesday, December 1 1
,Gate City... ......................... .....................:...,..........Wednesday, December i 8
1 City of Macon..................''"...:.i...........,.......................Thursday December J 9 i
Tallahassee) ................ ... .:.... ......... ... ...i..... '. .........\.. Friday December 10 .
Kansas City........................................ .... ........ ..........Saturday December 11 '
Nacooohee........... ............... ..... ..;..'............ ... ,.".-- .... Monday.December 13
City of Augusta..................:..... ...... .........................Tuesday, December U I
City of Birmingham..., .......................... ..... .oo .............Wednesday, December Is I
Chattahoochee......................:.... ........ ..................,......Thursday, December 1G SAFETY! COMFORT! U .
Gate City:............. ......... '........................... .. ..........-.Friday, December 11 "J
Tallahassee....................................;..........:.............. ..Saturday. December 18
.F '3 Kansas City..............- ...........;......... ......... .........0.... .... Monday, December 20 Finest Cuisine and Service. 2fo Transfers,Between Jacksonville and New York. I
p Naooochee...............,...................................... .............Tuesday, December 21 :.
a* City of Augusta....,..................................'....... .,..........Wednesday December 22 j
City of Macon................. .............................................Thursday, December 23 The Fleet is composed of the'following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
City Birmingham.............;.............. ..... .....................Filday December 24'
% Gate City........ ...................:.......................,..... ........... Saturday, December 25 'Coianche"; new Cherokee "Seiiioh1 1
t Tallahassee......................../ .....,..................................Monday, December 27 ( ), "Hgonpn, Iroquo !, !
; Kansas City.............;.......................,................ ..........Tuesday,' December 28 .
Nacoochee.'....................... ...................:..... ..............Wednesday; December 29 T 4
r of Macon.. ............ .... ..................* .. ...............Thuredy ap, December 80 NORTH BOUND. /
City of Augusta...!.............................................. .............Friday, December .

3 .SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Steamers are appointed to sail according: tothe tide. ,;.

.City of Augusta..,.......Central..........(00.......Meridian... .......)..Time.....:-Wednesday as below. December 1, 11 00 pm From JACkSO lllEFU, (calling at Charleston),.._.... ........Sundays, andThttnday*.. r''

City of Birmingham........... .............. ....................Friday, December 2, 4 00 pm rom CHARLESTON, S. C., .............................. ....... Mondays,Wednesdays and Friday
T. Gate City?.................... ......'...........Ifi..;...........!:Saturday December 4, 400pmmg "
Tallahassee. ; .. .. .. ....Monday, December 6, I 500pmf ) For hours of aafllng see "Clyde Line Schedule or Jacksonville and Charleston daily paper..
f :T:* Kansas City....... ...........................,..............Tuesday, December 7, 500pm I

\; Nacoochee........................... ....!.................Wednesday, December 8, b I) 00 pm SOUTH BOUND.
; City of Augusta..........:................1........... .*...... Friday, December 10, I 8) 00 pm
City of Birmingham.................:........................Saturday, December 11, 4 OOJ, >m sail from Pier York follows
East at
to
-s. Gate City....................... ..i. ....... ........,...........Monday, December 13, 7 00 pm Steamers are appointed 29 River New 3 p.m, as
a Tallahassee....... ........................... ......;...........Tuesday, December 14, 8 00 pm .. '\
.. ... .
.. ..
r ._.... ... .... .... .. ..... Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays
15 9 00 forCHARLESTOKS.C., ,
.. .......... December
Kansas City... ..... ..,\......."....... .. .. Wednesday, pm -i\
Nacoochee...........................;.. ............., ....... ....Friday, December 17, 1000 pm por JACKS01YILIE,FLA., (calling at Charleston) ......._........Mondays.. Wednesdays and Fridays -a
; City of Augusta...... .......................................Saturday December 18, 1100 pm IBBHi H BHHaMMB)
jgity-of Birmingham.............................. .. ............Monday, December 20, 4 00 pm f
.. Gate City..................................... .................Tuesday, December 21, 4 30 pm New and Southern ( Lines
; Tallahassee..... ......... .......... ................. ......Wednesday, December 22, I 6) 00 pm Clyde England r
Kansas City................ .... ......... .... .;................. Friday, December 24, t 5 00 pm
f' Nacoochee... ....................................... ,...Saturday, December, 600 pm ;
City of Augusta............................;.. ........... .: Monday December 27, 800 pm (Freight Only.) .
City of Birmingham ................................. .........Tuesday'December; 28, 12 00 m .
t'" Gate City.........................................,..........Wednesday, December 29, 900 pm Calling at Charleston S. C.,both ways a
.. ...........Friday, December, 200 pms .
L ,;' Taul\hAAAee..FR BOSTON TO SAVANNAH. Steamers "DELAWARE" and "GEORGE W. CLYDE, -

Lewis' Wharf, 12:00 noon. ... Are to sail follows -
Chaatthoochee, Via New York.... .......................... ...... ...Wednesday December '1'' appointed as : .
City of Macon, Via New York)...................!. .... -40 .Wednesday December 8 rom foot of Hogan Street Jacksonville, From Lewis'Wharf Boston,
a Chattahoochee, Via New York),... ... ..... ...; ...............Wednesday' December 15 THUI4 DAYS.; FRIDAYS.
City of,Macon. (Via New York)..................... ......... .........Wednesday, December 21'
Chattahoochee, (Via New York.Wednesday; December 29'

FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON DIRECT. Cu-VOE'S ,ST. Jofl'ts IVE lkIfiE '

Central ((90th Meridian) Time-As Below. s3.
City of Macon..Wednesday, December* 1, 12 00 m
Chattahoochee.............. ..... ................ .. ......Wednesday, December 8, 4 (Iq pm DE BARY LINE.
.,.p City of Macon..... ......., Chattahoochee.......... i!..................................Wednesday; December 23, 4 00 pm Jacksonville, Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise Fla., and Intermediate
;= City of n..t...... ........................... .......Wednesday, December 29, U 00 am Landings on the St. Johns River. ,

n:'V Connecting at Savannah with Plant System, Georgia and Alabama Hallway, Florida The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer t, '-.
Central and Peninsula Railroad, Central of Georgia Railway. .

Through Bills of Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checked Between all Eastern. and "CITY OF JACKSONVILLE'.
Southern Points. CAPT. W. A. SHAW,
.
'
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FOR INFORMATION SEE YOJJR NEAREST RAILROAD AGENT OR Is appointed to sail as follows:

Savannah Ga. Jacksonville .................................Sundays,Tuesdays and Tbursdajnat jppmetttrnW .
W.BREWER d Ticket and Pass. Agent, Ocean S.S. Co. 39 Bull St d0 eave leaves ganford.........._..............Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at9 oo a.m
B. W. SMITH. ntr. Freight Agent, Ocean S.8. Co., 13 E. Bay St. Savannah, ; ,
R. G. TREZEV ANT. Agent Ocean 8.8. Co., Savannah Ga. ..
WALTER HAWKINS,Fla. Pass.Agent Ocean 8.8 Co.,224 W.Bay St.Jacksonville,Fla. NORTH BOUND, #
W. J. FARRELL. Sol.Agent Ocean S.S. Co. 224 W. Bay St. Jacksonville Fla. SOUTH BOUIE, SCHEDULE.
s L. B. BARKER Trav. Frt. Agent Ocean8.S. Co.,224 W. Bay St. Jacksonville Fla. Read Down. Read Up.
W. H. RUETT.Gen'l. Agent Cent x>f Ga. Ry.'Sl1 Broadway, N. Y.
g44 E. K. BRYAN Jr., Gen'' Eastern Agent Ocean 8.8. Co.,217 Brodway N.-Y. ......; ....n.........Jatksonville................._.... Arrive s 00 a.m. '
-4- W. E. ARNOLD Gen'!.Trav.}"asg. Agent Ocean S.S. Co..317 Broadway New York. .cave" 845"330 p.m ............................Palatka........................... heave loop.m.
t *f-. R. 8.FRENCH,!'<>l. Pass.Agent Ocean 8.8. Co.,317 Broadway New York.E. ., a.m. ...............,...... ...... Astor ....... .................... 230 ..
R.GOODWIN. Sol. Frt Agent Ocean 8.8.Co.,317 Broadway New York.M. AI 300 It ..........................St Prands ........................ '! 100 u. p
.C. HAMMOND, Agent Ocean S.S. Co., New Pter85 N. R...New York. 430' ......-..................... Beresford......................... AI 1130 a.m.u .
} C,C. WALTON Ticket Agent Ocean 8,8. Co. 37 Broadway York. 600 U ..........................Blue Sprange ._................_ If 1100"Arrive ,
'B. B PRICE, Trav.Frt:Agent Cent. of Ga. Ry.,317 ,New York. 830 ... .........; .......: ... ................... 900"
W. H. LaHOYTEAUX, Trav. Frt. Agent Cent. of Ga. Ry.,311 Broadway New York.J. .. 915.' ....i................ ........ Jnterprise...... ................. .. 930" ,
D. HA8HAGEN, Eastern Frt.Agent Plant System 281 Broadway New York.J. .
.J.FARNSWORTH, East Pass. Agent Plant System 261 Broadway.New York.J. 204 West St. Jaoksonville-
L. ADAMS. Gen'l. East. Agent F.C. & P.R. 1L,3a3 Broadway, New York. General Passenger and Ticket Office, Bay ,
'"' J.A. McDDFFIE. Eastern Agent O. &A. By.,379 Broadway New York. i
A,DeW. SAMPSON, Gen'l.Agent C. of G.Ry.,"306 Washington St Boston.J. -
A. FLANDERS New England Agent Plant System: 290 Washington St.Boston. W. H. HENDERSON p G. E P. A., Bowling Green New York.
RICiIARDSON & BARNARD, Agents Ocean 8,9. Co. 20 Atlantic Ave., Boston. W. H. WARBURTON, G. T. P. A.,5 Bowing Green, New York. 3
4 CARROLL H. SMITH. Agent C of G. It!.,33 South Third St Philadelphia Pa. Y. H. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent,204 West Bay St.,JackJOavQe, *
DANIEL LAMMOT Jr.,A F. C. & P.'R. B,40 South Third St., Philadelphia,Pa. JOHN L. HOWARD, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville Fla. .
JNO. B. GROFF T.P. A... Kant System 100 South 10th St.- Philadelphia- Pa. ,THEO. G. EGEB, Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Greta,New York.
J._0. HAILE General Pasenger Agent, savannah, Gai0llN -

M EGAN Yiee-Pres'l K H. HINTON Traffic Tanager WM. P. CLYDE '& CO., Gen'l Agents, ', : -
'I ) ;, ( < '
U South Delaware AnDU.PhllAdelpkta. Bovlb Green, H v York, ,
SAVANNAH, :GA. Y J

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<'; THE"" FLOEIDA FABMEB. AND' FBUIT-GROWEB. DECEMBER 18.

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-f FRUIT' AND- VEGETABLE. GROWERS' SUPPLIES

'
!'> .'" ESTABLISHED 1875.FERTILIZERS. -

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,. Made'from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH- F e
'-, GRADE POTASH with 'perfect adaptability to the '
-
A requirements 'and perfect mechanical condition, in
:=.; ; strong, handsome Bags which don't rot.
"
Sip"The cheapest,hand for the quality in the a
: / c "' market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems.A ricultnral z -.
):<: Chemicals Sulphur,etc.
.
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CLc INSECTICIDES. 1:.4!

'
a ';.,, -The old'reliable EUREKA never been a' '' ; '
: 4 roperceded. It i death to the Rust Mite,Red.Spider,and the ,' ,, .c #

Animal Pure : THE COCCIDICIDE'J

Y Fer ill A certain deitrttftIontotheAleyTode8CitriWliiteFlyaiidother( { ) .
flatter lzers '
fatailieaofScale.atallperiodaoftlieirdeyelopment. ,
Fatal to the 4 *'
Spider,and other inieftaat3efting Pineapples and Vegetables ; ; +;' "
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_

GRAY AND GENERAL PURPOSE :PUMPS .

'dubber. .H.ose" Nozzles, Microscopes,., etc. A great.vaf'ety of the. best, makes, a _
'
Man /acture1"8'. Prices.. _
..1" +

AGRICULTURAL. 'I M PLE M E N T. S. THE IMPERIAL PLOWS AND CULTIVATORS THE BEST, MADEwl >'

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E. BEAN
.. Jacksonville, Fla.

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:-: *-:;:,Straw: Mulch For Potatoes. packs down and holds moisture the t and well that the yield of potatoes is increase the weight but greatly im-

I Since.the almost entire failure of entire season; no weeds come up very little arTected Of course, it is proves the quality.
"the potato crop in these parts, great through, but the potatoes come along not practicable to mulch very large' The 'feed here would-cost for'

4-- ,many questions are asked concerning all.right.' My potatoes raised this way areas, but a,small.one, for a few barrels 20 Ibs cotton seed hulls............ Sc
the methods of producing them. are never troubled with bugs; they do of extra early potatoes is well SIbs cotton seed meal.......,... 6c
: My experience teaches me, as it has not like to travel over the uneven sur worth planting. -

", others, that there is but one way of face. Each'season when my straw, MMfc Total per day................. 140
-,. planting potatoes,,and that is to plow: runs out, I finish planting the usual Why don't some_of our farmers try First cost or value of one thre .year-
the,ground deep; and this must be way; but the straw planting always the experiment of feeding cattle in old steer weighing, say '300. pounds,

\ done when the ground is in fine con makes more than double the amountto stalls or pens, there is money in it. at 30 per pound................ dition. Then harrow fine; markground the'same area of ground; besides One of our large cattle men assuredus Feed 100 days at 140........... 14.00
shallow; drop potatoes, and the pleasure of digging. Throw the he makes from $5 to $IO per head
= cover the groand with straw or prairie straw off; and there are your potatoes profit after paying feed bill. Of courseit 'V 23.00

hay, and cover deep. I can take ankind y -right on top of the ground, withouta will cost rather: more to feed here :;*The beef when fed should! weigh

of ground and plaut one-halfthis. particle of dirt sticking _to them. than in Atlanta, Savannah or Jack 45p pounds," and is salable in Jacksonville

;way, and let any one plant the other Do not plant too close to where the sonville-all of 'which are railroad at 6rZc ...... ............$32.00
half' the old way, and I will raise more chickens run, as they) will scratch the "basing" points, hence in_addition to k
F 4!' ',,:'potatoes than he,and he may spendas straw off. :Do not be afraid of being .
get nearer to
feed.producing centers Profit on feeding...........$ '9.50
; much time plowtng and hoeing as ting the straw too thick on them and have
they competition rates, and; less cost of sending them to Jackson;
he wishes. do not; be afraid of getting them on too taking the latter point for comparison, vill -
It is not to be supposed' that large, rich ground.-Colman's Rural World they get their feed for about $4.50 to This ison the'presumption the
potato raisers would ,have straw:enough It has been found in Florida that ,
I $5 per'ton less freight than we do. feeder has to buy' everything, whereas
to plant large fields, but where heavily mulched potatoes will I '
recover They feed largely on cottonseed our farmers can grow sweet potatoes
straw can begot'easily, this .method from a frost better than those in opeground. n meal and cottonseed hulls. It has i rutabagas, etc., which would largely, F

"; .d cannot be beaten for yield and labor In fact, unless there js a Been demonstrated that 100 days, will lessen the cost of feeding and proportionately -
saved. After first train, .'the ,straw. lard freeze, they recover so quickly feed them fat, and Rot only'does i iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii ir it: increase the profit

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