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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00133
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 19, 1897
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00133
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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.FLOIRIDA, '---7: ,' .

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|t MR YEAR WITH 'WHICH! "' IS -INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA ,DISPATCH." %$2 PER YEAR
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,....Pow. i. Editor* JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA IJUNE 19 '1897 Whole N N. NEW SERIK
,
Ohs1. W.DiCtiati/Basineu,Manager, : i! {1- ? ? Tol. l7[. No" .,25
# >G rw -.


', Il The Largest, Fruit Growers : i88,2r;1 p.15< Tears Established 9 .> 1897.

QGHE5r. grow the :Best. Varieties;and. ,, them l"j

,. 'QU4f11Y. : ESJIt :''F EES' P. AQJF. _
:(
:
.1xJwmfftCES': .We shipped more peaches' from our,own orchards this' THE"GL W StMARY
f l :I .IJT' .J r" 'season than all other growers in this section" combined' NURS RY COMPANY'iiThe.
1..11W War., and made big) ,MONEY:at it.; ;

'rHfE-PAJD. =BUII'Yreesftoiii' UR3RRM RLL .N( '
., 'I Pioneer tN urGry ,Qfj} Baker, County, Florida;

: a.' I ;!WHO O'' IRK, FRUIT GROWERS_ .,. ,In our Orchards we've tested a great many,vari ies. Some of them we've discarded as
'
"
worthless;,some of them we find to be valuable Our handsome Illustrated 65 Page
i I.OJ'" Catalogue gives you the information that has cost us a great deal of time,'and'a great deal'
t Everything for- the South of money to learn. In.additionto, our large Florida and Gulf Coast trade we ship extensively -'
to other countries..' AVe.. .sold over 11,000.00! worth? of trees' last year to.one. JIlBn.i.n Mexico.If .
"
Peach Plum): ; Pear 11; Persimmon; .Citrus fruits,. Grapes, you want

n 'Nuts, Ornamentals' ,; ROes, ..Etc., Etc., Etc. FRUIT TREES FOR SOUTHERN PLANTINGWe

350.... Varieties. A,MILLION,'and a half trees. Over300.aCres.
I No BETTER: stock to.select from. N pne,80 LARGE. can furnish the best trees of the best varieties, free from insects,and guaranteed true. to :
---
*3 ; New Catalogue with,over 60 Illustrations, 26 New' Photographic Views, Free'on ,name. Correspondence Solicited. Cattalogue Free. .
,
application.! :
POMONAmmSERIES ; GLEN ST. "" NURSERY '
r ,MARY CO.. .

THE (GAG. BEOS.,Co.: Inc: Macclenny.Successors ,-, V ',.. ,, ->" *' .,1 GLEN ST. MARY, FLAT

to 'W.::D. faffing. Fla.;. G.L.TAKER, President. "" ,a"L
.
A. A.IAN lIL. ..,, c .rr't', .,
.. .... '-
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'" 'f to. -; "

SEED: FOR SUMMER 'CROPS., + SEE SIfMJlm: : : 1Inh: : GROUJ! + .


Pearl or.cat:TaU Millet per B, 250,,po .pafd. German! .ldijJd..2OC.} per,pound,post-paid. .. ... ....... f
__ IoC"> .* '. .
Amber Gusy ..,,i.as&'per. poumd, "' 41:.rCOD..I..;:...,...259. -". tn'! / (- _L ""
; Beggtrweed ..:......400. ',M Sunflower. ...........aoc.perquartf, t { .... '.
Cow leas. ',Whippoorwill,'Clay;.Red)Ladyfinger,,.Wonderful, ,and Black \3T Send for prices., : For BeS{Seeds at Lowest Trices write for my List for i 1897: t

= L. OAMERO: -Seedsman ""' ; The; Largest<< Stock! :!in ,the $tate t ? ant( every seed. New.Cp.w r
: : *
1 J ? \ \ Seed'Growers i i \ '# \ .
a-*i I' 123 :E. Bay.,Street, JACKSONVILLE, ; FL:A.T I handle.onli the products"of ,of National*Reputation i such as, ,:

g i..miltUQukee! F1 )tida 'Ot1Qt1'g e Co. ,: ; .lI.t '! .:!,,1 ;..?;HendersonLandreth t Ely, t etc- '' :i' 'I 4 ftfY"


DUNEDIN' -HILLSBORO CO, FLA.'J ,BURTON. :, .. K. BARRS. -, 'JACKSONVILLE. .. .. .. ,.vI FLA. '

z, Offers tojthe public this season the finest,Citrus Nursery Trees grown,in an experience. '
o of thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely ORANGES.
+ 'known and thoroughly approved varieties, ,viz:. Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown, ON,TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.. .
Boone'i Early and Centennial. Jaffa,Majorca Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seedless ----.....- "; .')0. 10f -
d ,Pineapple Homosassa,and Tangerine. Tardiff and King,Duncan and Marsh Seedless "; '
.c- ,Grapefruit. Seedless villa.Franca, Lemon' (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior f SATSUMA, PARSON BROWN, TANGERINES, ETC., ETC.


cox, '.f ++ FIELD GROWN. RQSE'S:+ +V; ;v :!
: ,
z: Milwaukee, Florida Orange Co.IJITNEDItT .;
y Including the famous "CRIMSON ,RAMBLER," Marechal Niel, American

?;<: : .. FLA., Beauty, Ete. Etc. Impor/ted Camellia ,Japonlcas. GRAFTIlp J?,Po4ReChoice' {
Stock the finest' Shell Nutsof size and
Trees'bearirig Paper large -ft General
; '44GRAF: .ep_: J_ ?SCANS; :**' Line of Fruits,Evergreens, Etc., Prompt Attention. Proper:; Treatmenl No. 1
Stock. The trade supplied. Orders booked nowjbr full shipment
t k; From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of.Pears and
t Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months UM1VIIT: IVURfI RIES.. D. L..PIERSON. ; .Monticejlo) Flar7 :

'' TRIFOLIATA. .
SATSUMA AND OTHER' ORANGES ON '' -- .

Trifoliate: stocks; one,two and three years old. All stocktclean and healthy. Bend for inter- N The .
esting'catalogue. : : VEGETABLES ; Largest "
OLD"mIT
s: LE ARCADIA NURSERIES, FRUITS
4 J. H. GIRARDEAU_ Prop.:, Montlcello, Fla. .* ,PRODUCEWe .anctlsto ..
receive and xU,In car load or mailer loti,
CLEANED BEGGAR WEED\ KU Product of the GARDEN ORCHARD,-DAIRY lIosl
,HEKNEBY and F' BM.-Market RgWu. : ,
The CLEANED" SEED,should' ,be sown in Florida during the summer rainy Referenced', ,etc,tree upon application._AddreMNo. ; .PtEt .
i .& season(and you'should 1 obtain your 8.uppty.at once.. ,Sow 8 pounds,per,acre for hay No. Ml. Liberty Street KTT8BPHQH.Penn'a.

crop or pounds per acre for fertilizing purposes. SOMERS, ::: ;, BROTHER.' Co., lab-
'
'4ti.t ;Price40 Cents, Per,Pound Postpaid "lishalani.South .

> Four, Pounds 150.' !
'
I Send for Annual Descriptive .
BY.Expressor Freight not prepaid in Jess]than 50 pound,lots 25 mws'PER, +4 CATALOGUE, -
iPOUND; 50 pound lots' and less than 100 pounds' at" ,22J}. CENTS' PER POUND 3i k newly issued and revised. Geo. S. Hacker & Son,
100 pound Iota and above, 20 CENTS.. PER POUND. : e 'It needed contains by the everything Hottical'I Manufacturers of
*"
&' crop.f0r forage and grain. We have J turist and plant-lover.
,KIFFIR i CORK booth thee White,anddroughtproof Red varieties, UO cents'per packet:.30.cents. ,l'LANTaudTRJUSCor BUILDING MATERIAL,
.r per poundt four- pounds$l,postpaid I; ten pounds notprepaid,11 W.uireasour Orchard,'Window, Lawn CHARLESTON. S. C,
;, undaperacre. I '.u.L 'or Greenhouse. Largest t
:Ii' RUSAws' nRN.S mllarto'KamrCo ,brit )has large white grains, Same. i collection to ICle t from Purchase our makes,which we guarantee I*
-- rice as KaOir COm. in the South. superior to any sold South,and thereby save
money. > > =: 1tt: ,
f ,H ,G. HASTINGS & CO;, Seedsmen, .
"-Send for our Catalogue. '1 n: ,, .'' :,:,,:'INT RLACHEN. FLA. BEASOIEE BMTIEBS. .- ONECO, FLi. I r T-W1IMW. _AID FAICY' CUM ftSKIULTY.: ....\ _,
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386 TBS FLORIDA PABifEB AND PEtTTT-OEOWEE, !JUNE 19 ', *
<>.: .
*
PINEAPPLES. ists as the Turks.- In the, U. S.Year only*-when all ,traces-y of.* blighted&
Book for 1895, Prof. M. B. Waite growth have been .removed will the
"f goes patiently over the whole matter, prevention be secured. --
IDO YOU KNOW which has been repeated so often that 4

our people ought to begin to heed. Reports from the sponge groundsnear
He gives the results of a prolonged Anclote are very encouragingand
x RUSSELL ? :. scientific investigation on the cause indicate that the production of
JIIif> and prevention of pear blight. The grass sponges will be larger this year
cause of the blight is 'bacillus araylo than ever before, all procured last

Every Grower -.!(. vorus' and t the" life history of the or. year having sold at good prices, .both,
: : ;: -'. ganism has been worked out very in this country and'E rope. Anclote yq
carefully by means of cultures and may eventually 'become the second _

:: of f Fancy 'Pines in inoculations. The blight attacks and largest sponge' ,market in'the oun ryThe'laSt :
__; ; rapidly kills the blossoms of ,
i '- "'p young shipment grass sponges to 4
f
,.M .' PPh1 J: ."t I fruits, and new twig growth, from Europe cleared the shippers ,$15,000 f' = r
which it passes, through the living Besides the az
grass sponges,- larger,
't,i the Country Does. bark to the_larger I limbs and,finally to number 'of sponges' of 'much, '{higher!;
VLF the'trunk. The parts of the tree that grad are'found'on the,Anclote sponge; :
are killed by the blight are the inner fields__and shipped from thatportXsl:
The Celebrated INV ANHOE and FAIR OAKS PINERIES are known bark and cambium .
throughout UNITED STATES as producing. the FINEST, FRUIT EVER POT and as a'resultthe
THE'MARKET.> other parts die. : The Daytona Journal mentions
ON I To,produce Fine Fruition must have The infection takes place throughthe I several new seedling peaches Oj'thit!,
flowers, and insects serve to vicinity, which have borne>i th'e!<
4- FINE: PLANTS. 4. spread it from'one cluster another. second,year good crops-a. rem r4-*

The bacillus, also, gains entrancethrough ble thing for seedlings: :TheJournal'says l
I, '''have'for sale more Fancy Plants than any Grower in the Country, and a
of shoots. This
reputation SECOND TO NONE. tips growing : The marked feature of 'thesepeaches
., Purchase your plants from the PIONEER GROWER of Fancy Pines, and you form, which is the usual_one in nurse next to ,vigorous growth of
get a GUARANTEE that your plants are absolutely TRUE TO NAME. ries, is often called twig blight to distinguish tree; and size and quality ,of fruit!,.is;
Price List now ready. WRITE AT ONCE.GEORGE it from the infection throughthe the early age of bearing, A gOOd

I. RUSSELL, Orlando, Fla. flowers, but they are both due to crop,of fruitfrom trees two years .old.
BOX. 814.t the same cause. from the' seed'' being something re.
I The conditions affecting the diseaseare markable. It would seem that they '
numerous, and some of these may promise to be of much value and well -
be controlled by the grower.> Thereis worth the, attention of our> fruit growers :': '
5O : a great difference in the resistance .:'i r : i iM
thern.Railway. of different varieties to disease, the MMiM M H HWMi HHW t**-. .
Duchess and Kieffer being less severe Hon. 0. T. Stanford sent us Mon

ly attacked, than Barlett and Clapp day a basket of very fine* } peich ;l
; Favorite. Climatic conditions influence They were l large, well developed?
" ,, .. liA IBSOI1TELY! THE SHHTE8T ROUTE. ,the disease to a marked degree; beautifully ,colored, and; .as finely-
:warm, moist conditions favoring, flavored as peaches generally get to
while dry, cool), sunny weather hinders be. These peaches were growl 'on
.. ( PULLMAN DBAWDTO BOOK CARS DINING CARS, J
OVGE
and if protracted will check it en Judge Stanford's grove (and by ,the
',, '. -.. SBOBOUQH7A2U3 COAO ES, VESTIBTJLBD TBAIN8. tirely. The organism can not with. way he has been offered over $sooo--
stand drying at all, but is able to survive in cash for that peach grove) near
a very considerable'degree of Arcadia' inv DeSoto county. -This is ;
; : 'NORTH, EAST AND WEST.TWO cold. It is carried over the ,,winter-in the third year that the orchard has ;r

: the tree to reappear in spring when borne, and last year after using i and ,
DAILY TRAINS BETWEEN FLORIDA AND TUB EAST. the sap has begun to flow. At this giving'away more than was fold. ;/tht!
time the blighted areas may be recog-- fruit from 63 peach trees netted '

:. WashlDftoo and Southwestern Limited, nized by the moist and fresh appear. $154.60. Of course they brought ;
And the United States Past Mall. ance of the blighted bark, and a gum fancy prices, being very few .in the
my exudation flows out to be visited county, and coming in so early.- .
by bees etc. by which the disease
OILY 91 HOUBS JAOX80HVILLE TO WASHINGTON Tallahasseean. ,.
.
spread. I ,
ONLY 27 HOURS JACKSONVILLE TO HEW YOttt ..,. -
t'; ; The treatments for the prevention Sometimes the most careful l women

of pear blight may be grouped under are the most careless. Many a ,woman
IeillTladTT. eemp 184 I of LatMl Pullman Slwptar QM u4 HoUl Dining -
Cart through. without change to Wuhiagtoa,Ba1U 1 curerPM.4lphta two general heads: Methods which bundles herself up, to keep out sick i ;, ,
,Next Yorkaad the t.... aim to put the tree in condition to resist ness-when she is neglecting very l2f';;: ,
the disease and those which are worst sickness that can come to a
'
.:THROUGH PULLMAN DRAWING-ROOM SLEEPING CARS BE- designed for the extermination of the I woman. She allows a slight disorderto
TWEEN JACKSONVILLE AND NASHVILLE. bacillus. The methods under the first I become worse" to slowly sap her
head must be directed toward the pre vitality. The little pain and the other ._ : ,
Tfcrotttfi+ Sleeping CATS Dally Jacksonville to vention of rapid growth since vigorous slight indications of trouble seem to :t ," -
growth increases liability to dis her unimportant. She goes on, with
I Cincinnati, via Ashovlllo, Through the ease. On this account pruning when increasing suffering, until life itself t-.

!, LAND OP THE SKY. the tree ,is dormant; excessive fertilizing becomes a.drag. Nervousness, "sink ,-,..
.. 4 rk especially with nitrogenous manures ing spells," digestive disturbances :<
...Iilalad w.nutln M to ntM,, nhtttalM, lUepiif sat (111 mtlou,-...'aptj. ; and ,cultivation are to be and fifty other complications mayarise
tktlOCXUBJl&ULWAYar lie oo&BeUo&- '
AfMLltC ;
My avoided. Where irrigation is possible, from the derangement of the

L L mPXAVf Ploi' ids Pa* Agt,Si) Welt Bay Stmt.JaoksoarUlt, FliL withholding water will greatly reduce organs distinctly feminine. Over
the disease. I thirty years ago,the need for a reliable .
It 0tlLP.
W. A. TURK 8. H.
HAflDWI08 .1 _
The active means suggested for remedy for so-called "female
... ... C n.Pua Ifl, AatO a.Puft An. pre- com
"....,(... o. Wubtartoau.G. ... venting the disease is the extermination plaints" was recognized by Dr. R V. r

.... .Mir 2, 1897.. of the organism causing it. This Pierce, then,:as now chief'consulting 'j
.
.
-- -- consists in back inches
cutting a few physican to the World's Dispensaryand
, -
,
- into the sound wood, and burning Invalids' Hotel, at Buffalo, N.
Cause .and Prevention of Pear : tempt being made to hlep them that every particle of the diseased tissue Y. He prepared Dr., ,Pierce's Favo-
.. : \ : .Blight. we feel that it is,necessary to give' while the trees are dormant. Not rite Prescription, the most wonder
In the course of two recent journ line upon line precept' upon precept'; only must all pear trees be looked fully effective remedy that 'has'eyer,; Z
ey's,,one to Gadsden county and the upon this subject. If it was com or after, but all related trees, since they, been used for such maladies. ; ,
other to Polk county,we saw so many cotton, the planters would get out and too, are subject to the disease. Cut Send 21 cents ,jn i one-cent stamps ( -
pear trees and even whole orchards make a fight to save their property, ting out blighted twigs during.the and receive Dr. Pierce's i oSp g
apparently: abandoned to their fate, but when it comes to fruit it seems as season is, also efficient in preventingthe "Common Sense Medical Advser"
-
the blight, ,-without, the ,slightest at. if our countrymen are as much fatal. rapid spread oi the disease, but illustrated. -.< tj

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FLORIDA FARMER: FRUIT '2 PEA'
(;' Wff -GROWER. Y EAR.

- 1

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,.

: Tobacco. growers*Tha ;shave :tight barns are to;l1 several'jears,,and this'seCond- sweet perfume of the Connecticut or

greatly tempted to kindle a fire under year; seed is used exclusively for their Pennsylvania cigar. In the same way

1-- --- --- -- the' curing tobacco; but they do so large crop of about a thousand acres. Americans prefer sparkling, effervesc-

,Tobacco Culture at Quincy-No. 2. with'the almost certainty that the odor The experience of ,the company has ing champagne, while cultured Euro-

TOBACCO BARNS. of smoke :will be detected in their been that this second year seed produces peans seek the rich, oily-pouring,

Most of these structures ,owned by,4the crop by the buyer and rejected.A a tobacco approximating more "still" wines., ,Fortunately for the fu
closely the imported'article than does ture of Florida the
; Owl Cigar:Company,: are 38x96 SMOKELESS. HEAT.. tobacco, majority
P feet. The old-time barns in the North A brazier of charcoal small box seed grown in later years. of our countrymen prefer the piquant

_.. were made as high and,narrow as,possible stove' with 'a conduct In case of theJSumatra: variety Mr. Havana, and next, after that, the Flor-
pipe enough to
H Curtis his circular of instructions ida. This
states m abundantly by
but
/ these are built < proven
t' one.story the,smoke and
out several feet away } to planters that the 'seed the fact that the '
is selling price:
high and wider. It found in the case of fine cigar wrapper to tight barn' But all a fresh from:Sumatra produces., fairly of the Florida.leaf in, .Quincy is 28 or

t bacco to have it*, curer as pear.the growers are ear-facilities good article oft leaf; without having to 30 cents,a pound, while the Northernleaf

i I ground as possible The, moisture arising nestly vjsedttoprdvide4horough for ventilation; and not to re- undergo the process of acclimation does notaverage: half the. money.
above described. The principal defect of the Florida
from the the barn in
't ground 1D a sort to this artificial heat in the ) ;
except Where a is, with. seed leaf is, that ,it does not ash solid but
spell of,,hot, :dry weather helps to mod last There is crop grown ,
extremity. hardly
erate and the evera direct from Cuba the leaves are so has a tendency to flake up in burning.But .
curing
temper
process in the of the
and prevents, the leaves,from,dryingout day even Height rainy small as to make the yield_ per.acreinc'isiderableand this defect can be ,measurably ,,,
when the forenoon is'not
'
season bright t'i
brittle;, Hence a board floor is, i and clear\ and ai shaft of ;'air.Qlqwjng.through ; more. than that, cured,by correct fertilizing,and 'artis-
pure : '
; their1 sniallness renders it difficult tic '
objectionable. The best barns shave treatment in curing. The Owl
t the
'ventilators\ helps .to cut out ''wrappers from them. I Cigar Company and in fact all the
;
f.
wide folding<<;>> doors at each'end} 'and matters wonderfully.A: .
the gables are furnished with three The leaves increase in size each. ,year : growers of Gadsden 'county :aim' ?fto ;,;
tMr. Corey told ,us that tj?one .year of their acclimation the second.year in produce a and that.
long upright ,ventilating doors only in the1 rainy season, *one" of' his best* ; wrapper crop only
Florida they are considered of the .
about inches wide." Thus the barn
24 ,
foremen be allowed
almostbegged! him! to -
can,be(closed up !tikht'and dart prjt t ,'to::build.fires.in Jiis-barn to arrest most" eligible size for wrappers. But Experiments in ,Tobacco Growing'.. _
can be opened up for ventilation.. The the stem-rot they arValso'used the(o rth year and at the
incipient and mold. Experiments Kentucky experiment
4' the fifth where the land is
even :;
sides also are-ventilated with windowsor year
: station
Mr. Corry temporized with him from Lexington, have
thin. if soil is
old and But the, new
shutters. As an experiment a few day to day, and still rained. Finally and shown conclusively that the use of '
good or if it is well manured the
.
:
built with windows
barns were glass fertilizer
he told him that on the following day compounds without ,some
fifth.y.ear's.leaves would be too large
so that ,the..1ight.. could ,be admittedbut he:might'put in some stoves; but when form of potash have little if any ef
We then
and should
coarse. begin to
not the outside, ;, atmosphere, but the ''next day came it ''was one of the have the Old Florida tobacco whichwas fect in ''increasing the 'yield. In .the
Mr., Corry has not' been able to 'see
loveliest days that Florida can pro experiments of 1896, five plots were
here before the war with
,
r any advantage: in: this feature. Both duce;the ventilators were thrown wide grown selected'' as follows : Plot i contained

in the.field when the tobacco is grow open; the dry air sifted through'the' leaves something smaller than banana r-ioa, received 20 Ibs Crude'

ing:and inthe barn when it is curing gables all day; and the tobacco'was leaves.. barns nitrate of potash from' tobacco stems
In one of the which we visit .
the access of.l light and air is desirable, saved without the'stoves. farmer had'allowed and 14 Ibs dissolved bone '((9r at the
ed native
a some
J J but not,the direct sunlight. The ex- The wettest weather of the Florida rate of 240 Ibs bone and 200 lbs
of his seed to get too old, that is, too
this rule is when the
tobacco .
ception to midsummer rainy season is 'a severe generations removed from "the potash p.:a.) yield, 530 lbs long'red,
is curing in very' damp weather in test on fine'Cuban cigar 'tobacco, but many 260 short red, 265 lugs, 240 trash,
i
island, ,as everybody calls it here
the then ,the ; '
house
"rainy season; total Plot contained
experience has"shown that good barns 195. 2 'I ioa,
and the,leaves onhis plants were conspicuous ,
should be and artificial ;
closed.up tight and a vigilant watch will bring ''It received sulphate .of potash 16 lbs-
for their size. They also hada
heat should be created sometimes to. through all right.PREPARING different .from the Cuban (or 150 lbs p. a.); yield long red'' 356

prevent molding. "FOR THE 'pEALERS. stock and appearance their under surfaces were Ibs, short red 205, lugs 149, trash 395' '

THE CURING' PROCESS. total 1299 Ibs. Plot 3 a, i-io a, no .
free from that which makes
soon .
When the leaves dried out gum
This is by far the most important partof which requires ,on an are about, one's fingers sticky;: ,and which gives fertilizer; yield," l long red o, short red ,_
the,whole business. It is for average 200, lugs 100, trash 200, total 500'Ibs.
easy to the Cuban jeaves their elasticity
three weeks, they are taken off the "
unskillful to lose Plot 3"b, 1-IO'a, 10 lbs .nit ate
7 an, man $50 or $75 and value as ; .*
string and bound into "hands" of wrappers. i
worth of tobacco by smothering' it 'in of potash broadcasted July 24'after
about ,thirty leaves. The hand is QUALITIES OF THE LEAF.
": the had made stunted
a tight barn in damp, muggy weather. plant a
deftly bound at the butt with a single The beauty of some of these best, red short
When'the weather is damp and close growth; yield i long 100,,
leaf, making a kind,of :switch,with all high-bred Spanish leaves, 'when trash 260 total
there is danger of "stem-rot;; that is, 120, lugs too, 580.
leaves free and open for inspection: stretched tight across the finger, is Plot Ibs
double carbonate
the midrib and the nerves, being the 4, i-io a, 48
These hands should be packed neatly something captivating. A leaf is des. of and Ibs
thickest and most sappy part of the potash magnesia ((480
'
leaf, :are the slowest in, drying out; in boxes ,and pressed down tight to ignated as "tight-grained." "close p. a.); yield, long red 215, short red
the leaves and smoothin "
and a fungoid disease sometimes keep straight grained" or "coarse-grained. Whenit 195, lugs 335, trash '313 total 1060

attacks them, causing the laminae of the hauling to market. Careless is tight-grained, as it is drawn taut Ibs. Plot 5, i-io a. 20 lbs crude nitrate -

the leaf to split:off-and become' rifted growers tumble ,their tobacco into over the finger, it shines like brown of potash (200 Ibs p. a.); yield,

into little narrow strips. This makesa bags, baskets, anything, and when it satin, perfectly smooth and 'glossy. A long red 395, short red 195, lugs 300,, ,

leaf useless for anything except the reaches the buyers it is tossed and close-grained leaf, when stretched trash '310, total 1200 lbs

cheapest filler. crumbled. Suchtreatment insures a tight, looks more like silk, 'not so lustrous The nitrate of potash used Is a by- :
low price., as the above, but: displaying exceedingly '
Mold, which is also a fungoid product, tesulting,from concentrating
time in GROWING THE SEED., fine specks or cell caps (we the of the
growth, may at the same set extract stems or midribs of
all over the Surface'of the leaf. ''This; I I The more careless growers simply should call them) all over the surface; the 'leaf.. It contained 41 per cent

'however, is not considered so serious, I select some choice, rich spot .in the The coarse grained leaf needs no de- potash and nj/ per cent. nitrogen,

except for the appearance,as the leaves field and allow a' few large stalksto scription ; the name covers that. The being nearly pure nitrate of potash.On .

may be dried by opening the barn go to seed. Very few are needed, close-grained leaf makes the speckled the plots receiving, nitrate of
much after it ashes
and the mold can then be brushed tobacco. seed is as fine as' gunpow wrapper so sought ; potash, 8.2 lbs potash was appliedand
close and the ash is firm and white. '
off. der. The leaves from these seed 2.3 Ibs nitrogen as nitrate. The

Ignorant or unscrupulous, growersare plants are plucked' off separately and DEFECTS'OF THE FLORIDA LEAF. dissolved .bone contained ,28 per cent.

tempted to resist these two diseases strung on' strings as described in our A man of an iron nerve wants a available phosphoric acid, ,so that .

with smoke, which they erroneously article last week. biting, peppery cigar to ta hold of Plot .1 received 6.7 Ibs phosphoricacid.

consider to be drying 'and antiseptic. On the Owl Cigar Company's l lands his nerves and give him a pleasurable Sulphate, ,of potash contained

Heat is drying but'practical tobacco and by a majority of farmers throughout twinge. Another ,man prefers the about ,50 per cent! potash, so that,

men insist that smoke is not..' Gadsden county, the' crops of rich, mild aroma, something like that Plot 2 received Ibs potash. The .

; But the worst of the matter is that Sumatra and Cuban tobacco are of roasted coffee, which is detected by double carbonate of.potash and magnesia *

smoke scents up the tobacco and renders I, grown from what is called second- the nostrils when held a few inches contained 20 per cent potash so

it worthless. Though itself one year seed. That is, the seed'is origin above.the end of the cigar, just inside that Plot 4 received 9.6 Ibs potash.As .

of the rankest smelling weeds, tobacco ally imported ,from Sumatra and Cuba, the rising column of smoke. The Plot 5 received the same amountof

.. is very sensitive,to the influence of sown in plant beds and,the plants set true aroma of 'a cigar is. inside of the nitrate of potash as Plot i it re- "
'
1 other odors especially to that' ol out in'the'field. These plants are cultivated smoke, not outside. ceived 8.2 Ibs of potash and, 2.3 Ibs :
)
smoke.' carefully and from them is The natural American taste inclinesto nitrogen as nitrate. The 10, Ibs" nitrate :<,

.f. In" \a long. spell, !rainy,, weather. the saved sufficient., 'seed of both varieties' the fiery. Havana rather. than to the .of potash were: applied to Plot. ;;j,.',






i. rs


,
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1 3883', fr', "Q ,: Of ; ..-.. ::: -' : :THE.. .. : ,FLORIDA. f".,FABMEE- AND.PBUIT-GROWER.". -' ... ," .t. J ,. t 't.. I':"J.1 JUNR,19.: : t .. ..
.
.
... .. .. ... .... '
_. ..
"4r 5 K 7 i 1( :; ; :- :; -S, .f' 't ( *' 'If "'" .r. r> .* T :' :

p'H. .YOUR. ORANGE'TREBS' When_ Fertilizing..for! Fruit, ass ,.. .. __ ..._ -
---- "" ,
by using .
'}It' j' \ The ;Ideal :Fertilizer.s' .'.' J i Ideal' Fruit and ,Yin&la\1.ure, '

? : 'J. "- Price $27.00.GUARANTEED .- n;
,ANALYSIS. i PRICE: .$ O.QO PER TON. .. '7.'j .
', Per Cent '. ..r.d\f.
-'Moisture' .............. ........................................... 10 to 13J j ANALYSIS. ,
,Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal,Nitrate of Soda,"Blood, : GUARANTEED /
( : and Bone.................. ............ .................... 4Jf to 5#' ,: Ammonia...............;.........................-?..... 2J to 4 per: cent.. .
Available Phoa Acid from Add Phosphate and Bone........ 4K'to'! 6X'! Available Phosphoric Acid........._,..........'....' 6 to 8'"' *4' : ,t".11.. ":
*' .Sulphate of Potash.... .....................1............ U, to 13 'i j Insoluble Phosphoric Acid,'............................ 1, to 3, ,'.' : .j
", I'_ Equivalent to Actual Potash.......:.........................:. 6 to 8 ., Sulphate of Potash'... '. ..)............................."20 'to 2i" ,4 ; 1
j' ': Magnesium Sulphate,Lime Calcium Sulphate.Organic Mat-' Potash-ActualK..... ............-.....:..:.;.:......:10 to'12" ..- JJ (l
ter,etc.......... ...., ................ ............ 65 to 70 'Magnesium Sulphate Chloride; Calcium.,Sulphate .
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal Blood. ,. etx)......'., .......... .... ............................... 65- to 60,'II M "I ,}!;
Boned,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate] of Potash.' (No colorlnjc matter used). Made exclusively from Snlphate of (Ammonla ;Nitrate of Soda, : I >4 1 ,
Thisjs soluble: quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitrogen Blood Bone Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate,of Potash.Manufactured .. .'_ '1' .1
.: f coming from three different ingredients is especially -' ,by. ''' l t V.:'tarWII4SON ;

'" valuable, as all three sources are best 'adapted to making ,Xs T 3QMER .; .. '
The 'fr of 'S. ;. .. .
quick growth. potash sulphate potash .a..ITIj
: "The Fertilizer House of Florida .
only. .' ';.'..11. "ni
;of.the brands and, be convinced JKCKSONlflLL-B
Try it alongside more expensive 'FLJt.'j'
.. .. l,!'.

We'also: ;have: large supply of the Celebrated H.; J., Baker &' Bro.'s: .Compl Vegetable: and Orange Tree Manures. Also a.: Complete I'
,'S bck of:all Agricultural.Chemicals, Fine.Ground,Tobacco Stems, 0. S.:Meal, Blood and, Bone,,Fine, Ground: Bone. Potash, Etc.. ": 1

WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT,AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.. T'WriteUs

: .for Prices before Buying.virHrfOOK : I'.1. ,
& IOOMIR r'BRTIIIZJR; CO., Jacksonville :W
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton. : K.rTI31 :
FERTxL I301tT9E_ OF. FLORIIDAt.1: I.a. '

fi J: '
: -
3 b.after itwas, seen that without' ,,the Orizaba region, many of-which I have sire:to,quote his note, upon .the subject ing that these are! great factors in the'f>:
use,of some fertilizer the crop wouldbe examined. Likewise they are not embodied in,the,report of Prof. C_. V. dissemination of injurious parasites: ". ,
a/total failure, in the hope of demonstrating heard of in Tamaulipas or Sonora." ,Riley,. as ,follows: It is with,no intention of impugning .;
) the, :fact that even, after The fact; however, is that the worm "Upon opening the, orange, to,eat, the correctness of government reports "
the ,tobacco had made a ,poor start it is.to be found in other States, particularly twos,. '(found to contain) a, couple of that I. write this, but rather to:.
could be greatly improved by the the States of San Luis Potosi and holes, found immediately .under. add,what little knowledge I may have: :'
addition oj a' quick responding commercial Tamaulipas. My first acquaintancewith 'he: skin i penetrating into.the!interior, acquired by.pe sonal observation and
.fertilizer. The ,season was .a i the worm was in some fruit pur- Further investigation showed the .or travel through!these districts, subsequent )
faire for tobacco so far as the chased in the plaza at Tampico, sit- ange to contain ,, eight dipterous maggots to the date of the publication
weather was, concerned, but t the tobacco uated on the southeast corner 'of. the measuring 10 millimeters in''I, the reports by the department; and to '
,worms were unusually destructive State of Tamaulipas, upon the Gulf length.A urge upon i citrus-growers the;necessity '. "
The.tobacco ,Plot, 3 a, was al: of Mexico These oranges came :later note to the.department stat of quarantine. along the border lint I'
most.wbrthless, the plants failing to from 'some few trees some miles ,up ed,that hehad, ,examined oranges on between the two republics. .
grow. more than, io i inches ,high. The, the Tamsi River. I had heard of -its the train,Iw returning to t the United While we are interested in ;getting"-:'
experiment, shows ,that by ;applying appearance in this State:'prior to this States, andthatout;: of sop .he selected -, additional. tariff,. that alone will hot. '
potash, or,potash and nitrogen a, ,satisfactory time,. '''November, 1895, 'but had not four as possibly containing ,:worms. keep the; Mexican orange ,out, ''espe l. '
.crop can be, produced.! -Bulletin come in contact with it. The oranges were placed j in, jars to cially when they can be purchased in' :
66., Kentucky: ,Experiment Station .- A friend located at Monte 'Morelos, breed the flies. Mr. Bruner wrote some districts at 1]scents.pec thousand "
;-L State of Nuevo Leon, visited Victoria from,Nebraska in December of that (Mexican money), or about,40 cents j f.
: State ''of Tamaulipas, some 150 year that the larvae began to issue on in ;United Stagesgold., > ,
miles north of Tampico, on the Monterey December 22, that several had pupated Mr. Courtney[,sstatements. ,are. con, .,,
Grove Orchard. and Mexican Gulf Railroad, December 30, and in February firmed by a writer: in, Garden and ,
for: the purpose of inspecting and following\ that adults had begun to Forest who says t "On the Pacific
probably buying a large body,of landto issue, the first February 9. They all slope of Mexico, the district. about; ,
Mexican Orange Worm.' : plant oranges, but after a thorough died, however in a few days'without Yautepec and,Cuautle, in the State( ,
Warnings continue to multiply regarding inspection he abandoned the idea,. ovipositing, although they were con- Morelos, is very badly infected., .
the ,danger from the Mexican simply becausea,, very large propor- fined with ripe fruit. chances are against finding a sound, I.
orange worm to.the citrus ,fruit ,industry tion of the oranges grown there are The fly is said to be very hardy,' orange coming from that..district, and,.
Oi;California and the importance wormy. Thus at two points, at least, I Mr. Bruner stating that the mercury in the, City of Mexico one has, to betjt
ot quarantine measures. A. A. Cour- in 'this State the worm,, is known to tell some degrees below freezing on on:his guard against wormy fruit. ,It. ,
teney who i is ,well known in Riverside, exist. several occasions in the room where would be a calamity to have this pest. .<
has spent' several years ,in Mexico, In the latter part of,,1895 and early the breeding cages were. :. i introduced into the, United} ,States; ...
returning from there about a year ago. in 1896 I made,, a trip overland from Given then, that the worm does ex- Since.failure of (the .Florida crop, .,'bis .
He writes the Los Angeles Times as Tampico to Panuco and San Vincente ist in parts of the Republic of Mexico, ange buyers from this country; have.
follows regarding this pest: rivers: to Tamazunchale, visiting on other than the State of Mexico, in been j uying up ,all,available. crops,
C V. Riley of the 'EntomologicalDepartment the way Tanquin and the country bordering other words,.that it is,spreading ; thatit in Mexico., There is particular danger ,-
says: "So far as we can on the Rio Verde river,. which has already,spread and made its:way that, in the; scarcity of,orangesin, ;
learn' the New Orleans' markets' are lies some,,thirty miles or more back from south of the City of Mexico, several Florida,;f fruit from these .districts may, tj\\
mostly supplied with fruit from the from the line of the Mexican Central hundred miles to the north, to the be taken there as,well.as.to New '-Orleans ,
Gulf, States where the insect does not railroad, between San Luis.Potosi and States'of Sin Luis Potosi and Tamau- Galveston and.other Gulf I ports,,; ,
occur." And in a report on some Tampico. All these points are,.with : lipas, and ,that oranges from these last- where. the, worms might,at once .find.atl .
Mexican and, Japanese injurious in the State of San Luis Potosi, and named States are shipped Texas, favorable field. In the Morelos val. !. .
insects liable to be introduced the,orange worm can be. found" in a without speaking of shipments.made ley'the..mangoes are also, badly in,fectrt"
into the United States," by C. H. Ty- proportion of all the fruit, grown in to Chicago and Kansas City, .and in i ed by .a similar worm, possibly the''I
ler Townsend, published by the department those sections. Texas they are to be found, uyon, all same ,species. If introduced to this, .
,-I find as follows:; Thequestion: of interest to us.is, is the trains coming to California, is it ,country, the orange, worm mighty perhaps -.., ;
"It has been already :estimated that there'any,danger of the worm being ,not. quite possible thatpassengers com- take. a liking ,to, other fruit-as"i' ; '
the orange. worm larva or,try peta ludens. imported into, California, and would ingthis;, 'way may be the, unwitting well." .'r ,
infests the oranges? to a very great extent it live here? means. of introduction into this State,? ,H. E. V. Pickstone, a Californian ,
in 'the State of Morelos.' It was Mr. ,Bruner of the department at There.is then a,danger, and, a,quarantine now residing in, youth .Africa, writes.v" .
known in that:region many years,ago, Washington went to Mexico in the should be' established at all the California Fruit Grower" ,, .as' follows :-
and does not seem to occur yet, in summer of '1887, and was asked to, inis'pon..th Rip" Grande,where : .
. any other orange region. Inquirieswere incidentally look up the matter, of t the t e.rruit is, imported.. There: is.danger ,- ,I and others, here who,receive,your, '
'made. at' Guadalajara, where I orange ,worm and secure specimens i if also from'the introduction qf,many most valuable! journal; have,noticed in;,,. .
was told that wormy oranges were: possible.., He found, there were three varieties ,of,.scale.that.,are to be,(found late! editions short allusions to Mexican |."
unknown, and I had never known: ) of f w.orms.t infest the, orange, and in in. i great; numbers; there_ ,, especially, oranges ,which, have 1 beenshippc4ltoI;i?
wormy 'oranges for the Cordova or. relation to the one in question de along the line of railroads,'thus show- United States markets that have been


.


.



...







..,ti. THB FLORIDA FABMKB! ,AND a tm-G$ '\\fBB. u ,,389
.t

W;":1. found to contain a worm, pr maggot. small fig tree, .both of ,which ;had -
J believeyo
f warning: regarding this matter.,, Lam Last.Friday.he'received the following
l34, too far away, to know, exactly what answer, which .explains ;the matter '?tlMONu-tS- "

.jr' thisworm is, but it may, possibly be fully : .. TRI JUtCEipocul THRIPJUICE'
Ctfditis / ($mla, a fly which stings ",U.,S.'D' partraeht tofAgricultureDivision ; ; ,

the'fraitTarioV: deposits an egg inside. ",o(:Entomology. i 'f Is Strongly Concentrated, and when
!
Itslifreritioris are not alone! confined, soft W asfiington i (D..C.r; June 2, 1897 i I \, al ,Diluted as Directed, makes. ;
orangesbut, 'are/directedtoall,
to.fruits and'even'; to.the'indienbus fruits DEAR SIR:, In the temporary absence .' Ii ; I probably the Cheapest-
0f Dr.Howard,, I beg to acknowledge 'secticide in the World.
:in this country.It is terrible scourge, the of t ,
,receipt, letters
destroying frequently nectarines our entire and crops May.2Jf.and; 24. your .uu.row ce;:; Used in Florida for 13 Years.
even
peaches, plums, ,
?,the Bartlett and citrus t 'Theneormtfrom! the bark of fig treesIS I -_...Oifectlons-irjrx5Ri... 'I: U! I S S- .
pear' crops. ; One; of the round headed borerslarvae.of iE:2''C.u .'-.1.-: ; :=fs.C1; -&:.!.- I'
Tour 'government should 'carefully .H.. B. MARSH\ General Agent
( 'Longicora beetles) known re. ; | : tqI : ,
Investigate this worm, or maggot. If ; ; iJ=.'Sff.z : -
: you'get.it'into.Caliornia: ( ,if iU"meana scientifically-as ataxia crypta. It is ; i;;;t_ I Okahuinka (Lake Coy), Fla. ':
,
-
toinm nrall' 'the t .
ovef< South
but belongs
loss of millions of dollars annually. ; -MAkUMHCrt._ *SUM.. '..SHOT-_"WtiM es..rH PTSoId' 'by many merchants' .
to those':species which infestonly I >.v % ,
Notee"'F COrii 1 Winter Park. dying or:injured trees. ;Therealcause l MAKES 1000 HAMMOND'S SLUG: SHOT; WORKS, _
of( the 'of FlSHKILl.OI-HUD O', NEW YOBK.
Editor 2'X1 i er.'iJ,l d. Prruit Grower;- : decay your fig trees is ,
..cjf6" 'gardens' ,and groves in this sect the round! leaded- corer in the sectionof

kmlhad suffered: considerably forNkiit fig tree Vhlch.,you 'sent with your Irrigation Humid Climates. ''Ii clay. This will not only be of great

of:rain until about a week ago, favor oJlflay( 24., This is'the true fig Th .ineeti 'g of the Central Louisiana value to the farmer whether he desires -

wfierihhe. dry spell was- broken. bya': tree' borerO {. Known.' to science as 1>ty.c1io ,Agricultural Society, held in ,to irrigate'or not, but to ,the"engineer
** r > J des'yittatuc.
t atyl 7 and )long, continued ram, andbpioui Baton Rouge, Wednesday, June' 2, constructing leeves the'valuewill
rainfalls: have taken place tThe''elni* tree t borer> is, one of.the was, one'of, much,interest, discussing, be untold, 'as Dr. Stubbs is determining -
d'a
lmost, every day since. From our most geious of the round headed as, it did i the best methods of mitigating the rate of saturation at
;ocal, ;weather ''observer I find that borers,'since'itsattacks trees which toall the''bad effects of droughts. Dr. W. different pressures, so that we may be
l hree and three fourths inches'of water l appearances are.in'perfect- health. C. Stubbs, director of 'the experiment able to determine accurately, havinga
ii ave' ;'fallen[ ;within the last week. Therainy Of late years it seems to hive"multiplied' -' stations, took up the irrigation side of knowledge of the kind of soil in the

:' season ,seems to have begun in greatly in several southern cities the question, and showed that 'the levee, just what time/:with a certain
earnest; and,about, two weeks aheadof 'the elm trees''' being 'rapidly: de- matter of irrigation was' no new ques height of water (pressure) it will take'to
time.'*" stroyed by them. Its'scientific name tion, being practiced more than 4,000 saturate such a levee.

The Niagara vineyard located about' is goes pulverolenta.r years ago, according to Bible 'data. Dr. Stubbs concluded his remarksby

.\wq and"a half miles! from, here asa; 'ees badly infested by 'these borers The systems'in vogue in Spain, Italy, outlining a recent trial of :an .-irrigation -
,
'pa4i&op!!$(| grapesjthis/ years; Itis, !:i cannot' be' saved, and. the'sooner India,Egypt and America were principally plant at the north Louisiana
estimated that the yield ,will be about they are cut 'down and burned the dwelt ,upon, and ,the speaker experiment station at Calhoun. It is
100 tons. The grages tare; beginningto better it is for the 'protection 'of the assured his hearers that in these countries the purpose of those in charge to irrigate -
'
ripen now, and''shipping,will beginin still healthy trees. If there are only :it: had 'changed \waste, barren, twenty acres of'experiment plots,
a few borers in the trunk, and .if veritable testing the the'amount of:water
a few daxs. Withrthe exceptionof dried.up tracts into gardens.The necessary
their is noticed in'time
small 'Qiiantities! .!t'o be sent toNashville : presence they subject of irrigation made clear for maximum growth of different
most of the crop will be;, can be killed, by' injecting bisulphide the:point"; that it was not the soil that plants. The water is, supplied by a
I of carbon into the entrance of '''their
marketed in Neworjc,* as shippingto was unfit 'to grow certain crops, but spring, and as springs 'are very com-
other.places, cities has proved unprofitable.Clayioad"inakingrhas'become. plugged'lip'with clator'puUy. This, soils in the growing of plants was due hoped to demonstrate'that'with'an ex-
however is a laborious' task, and the of not more than $200
quitea entirely to the amount of water in the pense to$300;
business here; Most of our people most rational' way of dealing with borers soil, and not to any'peculiar adapta- a plant may be operated which 'will
'! lh 'learned by actual>experience:the 'is protect the trees from their bility or non-adaptability of the plants irrigate at least twenty acres, 'and

value,of good roads in Florida, arid attacks. This can accomplished grown. To every pound of dry mat- hence in such seasons as'was experienced -
have'reached:the,conclusion that,these by'carefully and thoroughly' ''white ter inthe plants, it requires from 350 in the northern sections of the
roads are not only a source of great washing the trunks early in the spring. to 400 times as much water to bring state last year, the farmer may be'perfectly

satisfaction?J land! pleasure: but aremuch With smaller trees' it'would be wellto the plant to perfection. With,thirteento independent of the rainfall
/ whitewash also the branches.It .
more- economical than the oldA larger fifteen parts of dry matter in cane, Prof. W. R. Dodson, who discussedthe
wind roads., About: '.seven'miles of is important, however that a" good some idea, may be gotten of the influence of deforesting'upon rain .
clay.road have been made here,within ly portion' of strong" 'whale 'soapsuds '- amount of rainfall necessary to bring fall, was the next speaker. He

the last six\months\ and now, ;.in!1. it the be added to the wash the,cane crop up to maturity. Some showed the capacity of trees to, retain
'which
The mention
town and about I lij; we have about large, ant 'you results of irrigation enumerated were moisture among their roots, as well as
twenty'miles of this road in excellent evidently the' Pennsylvania wood- that the map of America has entirely by the mulch which the'falling leaves

condition J ;Clay, u suitable for roadmaking ant, camponotus pennsylvanicus'' changed.. Waste, barren portions are formed. Professor Dodson enumera-
hh has fl'-beenfpimd k'iS f rn''abundance, which usually( appropriates the old now fertile and. productive. While ted the temperatures of woodland and

and usually quite convenient to places, galleries' of, the round-headed borersto the average crop of cane,from irriga- open''fields at different times' duringthe
.Zl 4jtis f iiieeaed. make its nest. The ants enlarge ted lands in ,Louisana in 1881 was day (twenty-four hours), showing
these''galleries and hasten thereby the' thirty-five tons to the ,acre, the ,unirri-- differences of'three,* four and six'degrees
death of the'tree. Yours''very truly, in favor of woodland The
SaveYour' Fiz Tee.a gated lands only averaged fifteen tons.
Growers of fruit trees, .specially of E. A. SCHWARZ, 'Assistant, Twenty: five,acres ol:land irrigated can effect of mulched land upon moistureof

that l nQs f.\l\ eficioii {loi.ill southern This:information will prove to be of be made.to produce more than 125 soil was discussed at some' length,
* fruit, the fig, have: been subjected'to great interest to the people; of ,Louis.iana acres ,without irrigation.., Lands showing the many phases of the mulch

r.*-*!* / ; |the invasion '.of insects of l late; years and a...strict' application of the Riverside, CaL, twenty-five years ago, question. The evaporation depended,
T- &* which h destroyed a, number, ;of remedy will doubtless save ,a great would only,pasture one cow to twen to some extent, upon the velocity of
\*< "* *' :fine trees. 'Not only have the fruit many fruit and shade trees which ty-five acres, while today, from this: the wind, and thus anything;,like a
a bt'* 1 tr.ed been 'sufferers;: b'ut"ttie'linsects.; ,would otherwise, be destroyed.-New property, hundreds of car loads 'of woodlane or windbreak decreasing the

have attacked'and'('destroyed 'a number Orleans Picayune., fruit are being shipped annually. In velocity would retard evaporation

, ..t.. of fine shade trees. There are ....., certain parts of Spain, irrigated ,landis The Professor thought that these questions
4 any number,,9f. elnvtrees, on'Canal I, The ;Fugazzi.Cominiss on House of worth from $800 to,$900 per:,acre, ought to considered ,by'the
Rampart an'd'Esp'lanaWstreels(l which.1it Cincinnati; Ohio, own a peach ,or; while non irrigated only brings $80 to. agriculturist, for a community acting
'
: in many instances have been' killed. have shipped a:good deal of,fruit this Dr. Stubbs outlined ,some very doubt influence better distribu-
As,the,subject" was one; which was I effective experiments now being car.. tion of rainfall, and conserve, when
t year.
.of great interest and importance I ried,out in connection with the testingof once incorporated, that within the

*tne i public, Mr. Chris V. Haille deN Forfy.five-thousand crates of tomatoes the amount water the eight different soil.Prof.

1':,termined to investigate 'the. matter bave.beenshippedfrom Ellenton,' parts of a soil,may contain ; thus F. H. Burnette, horticulturistof
>sit He sent:to the United States depart-- bringing into'the farmers of that'sec- giving the amount contained by gravy the experiment,station, took up)the

",5jrflent., of ,agriculture the trunk of a tion over ,$50,000.:: Manatee ,River el, coarse; sand, medium sand, fine influence of cultivation on conservation
small !elm tree and the trunk of a Journal. sand, very fine,sand, silt, fine silt and of moisture. He !cited t experi11897. -

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4

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"._;390-..... ,'. .-.-. .. ,_ ., _. '-'''.' '. -- "THB'PLOEIDA_ .__.. .FABMHK.-' .' AND" -'- -FBUIT-GROWEB.._'"---- >-. JUNEJ9, ,

I ent1with\ the cultivation' {(oraafo s i 'ers'have been experimenting and have I Y

4 during tjielorig drouth (fMast. ,year, : succeeded. We are- also prepared to Qin.Killer Strawberries on Ice.The .
bringing the crop to maturity by oil- admit! that orange j jelly made' with! an I celebrated T. &;T. Strawberry Refrigerators ,
tivatingtwice; every week .Explain.iDgthislMrjBurnette .- admixture: ( lemon pulp.and rind is,' are the universal favorite of Florida'
!; saidthe., ground to the taste of almost everyone; superior (PERRY DAVIS' growers. Perfected after years of experience ,
was fitted' with capillaries carrying to that made from oranges alone. ,A Sure and ,Stfe ,Remedy la Give good service for good fruit .
11 'thfc* water t from- Mow l : and small of TEUBY ft THOMAS,
upward, Probably a portion pomeloor : : every cut tad every kind Starke,
that 'broke these : would also be Florida.
ciiltivanng capillariesat grapefruit a grateful of Bowel Complaint UGinKiller'
the'surface'and j permitted the water addition for most people. .But the J. ITEEKtER ,SEED EO., Wrt.
to be deposited'in the'ground to; V the product would be a'citrus jelly, not an

depth,cultivated\ where: it was readily orange jelly,.although the latter would MARY T. FROTSCHER, President.
.z t "lake i;up'J)y the growing !plants: largely predominate and give character : Successors to
., Mr. Bartow spoke of the influence'of to the whole. This Is a true statement and Richard FroUcher's ruler Street Branch Store

spells:' Last ear1ands in which pea that pure orange jelly is possible. The too emphatic. Garden Seeds. Grasses,clover, bulbs, seed potatoes
vines!had,been'incorporated'ga ve. ex admixture; of lemon and pomelo and fruit trees in their season, Conducted
by relatives of the late Richard Frotscher. Order
., cellent results, while land devoid makes it acitrus.: jelly,'and the product It Is a simple, safe and quki through Richard Frotscher's manual of 1896 or
of.humus yielded very 'little, even should be'so labeled. The same thing core for send for one free.Leading.
where'commercial:: fertilizers had been would apply to orange' marmalade.That .
Ql3JHpjL Kn flTlTH itl fflLOolio
applied abundantly. After some discussion is always made by the admixture ; vOQZOf
Oolfy HennJgla; '
Messrs. 'Patterson of sweerand and bitter .,
by Clayton, oranges '
Diarrhoea ToothftULfc
Mills and others the meeting and a little I lemon peel and pulp. It Croup, dealerseverywhere

,i i.adjour.ned.--New Orleans Picayune.Watering also can be .made, from oranges and Two diet, 25e. and boa
,. sugar, but the lemon 'gives it an added sell ,
Newly:Planted Trees. i zest. It may be that both would Keep It by you. Beware of .

,-, I cannot agree with what; was said pass under"the name of' orange jellyor Imitations ,Buy only the j IERRY'S' SEEDS i

:: in a recent ,issue of the Farm and marmalade, :everyone understanding ,Genuine Perry Dam'% .
,. Home about watering newly planted ;that'the only admissible additionarc ,.,... rp-.. Ut-n't, risk-by the planting low of time seedeof,l labor unknown and ground qoal
itj. The market it fall of
trees. While I have'had many years lemons for additional flavoring.But )QOGOOOOOOQand < unreliable teed*. IUU" cheap lUllarell.l"
experience, 1 have never used. water jelly ,or marmalade made from the.beat Seed tdoDOhoe..P'1Ilubtltltlite. Annual Int.D. .
!tin this manner. In order to water mixtures of refuse gelatine and glu- i. M. FERRY A CO.,
newly planted trees so that the water cose, kept from fomenting by the use peas, and seemed to thrive. I Detroit I Mich.
will soak down to the roots a portion salicylic acid, forms 'a deleterious did not consider the soja beans of any
of:the surface soil would have to be compound that should be strictly pro- value whatever for the_ stock at that ,

removed, the water poured in, perhaps hibited by law. Preparations intended time, as,roost of,the pods had opened
two pails full to each tree, and after for food should be pure and absolutely from rain, and the beans had fallen
, an hour's time when the water has innocuous. outand; been damaged. ,In,the latter FAIRVIEW PINERY..
soaked down ,among the roots, the I part of November, the land was plowed 1

',soil removed should be replaced. This with a three-horse plow, as. was ..Choice,
is altogether too laborious a proceeding F t1tnel' 'rtfaekei1 also that portion that remained in, clover .' ,

. where one is planting an.orchard, and in: ,1895 was planted in tobacco 'I :
_and .I do not think it necessary if the Experience With Oow-Peae and producing a good crop of about Pineapple -;
,
.
twelve hundred pounds, acre. It
trees are properly planted. If the Soja Beans. per
watering is done in the'usual manner, was thought many that the crop Plants_ 'ij"
that is, pailful or two poured on the Having noticed an'article' on peas where the.peas had been was equallyas f.-
in the February number of the Southern good, if not 1 better,than the portionthat q
,top of the ground it will be no good ; -. FOR SALE. a'
,whatever, but. often results in injury. Planter by Mr. George Clendon, had remained in clover. At this
The water'.will not wet down to the also one in the.:March number, and;as writing, I have the'entire'lot in wheat, -
,roots but will simply cause the surfaceto my experience with peas differs some- :which, bids fair to make twenty-five or Smooth Cayenne 1 II! Home Grown 1 II!

harden and, the sa'ety of the tree what from the opinions expressed in thirty bushels per acre. There was ----+-
depends upon.the surface being kept' the two articles, I thought it'might be no fertilizer used on the tobacco,. except ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.
loose and pliable..I have planted, per- of interest to sonic of your readers. on twelve hundred hills, and I .
haps, a million of trees in'my lifetime. In 1895, 1 experimented with peas and see no difference in the wheat F. N. PRICE,
"
"< I have met with but.few failures,. and soja ,beans'on one piece of land 'of where, the fertilizer was used. The .
cannot remember having water in any about seventy-five thousand tobacco part-of the Jot where, I had the Black P. 0. Box 449., ORLANDO FLA.

of these, trees. ..If the soil is made hills. About the first of April, I pea has the ,finest wheat in the field,
sowed two acres of the l lot in Wonderful while the part where,the soja bean was
thoroughly fine,before planting, if the ,HOME GROWNPineapple
\ soil about'the roots is pressed in very peas, and one acre was planted in planted is decidedly I behind, the re -"
firm, as firm as a fence post.if the soil soja beans; and' about the loth of I mainder., The land is of ,a loamy nature -1- .
.I' is left loose on.the top and kept con, June, I sowed'with the drill about six lying fair to,the sun, and was ina '''Slips : .1
tinuously loose by cultivation, the acres of Black peas and four acres of good,state of cultivation when sown ,
Clay peas. The Wonderful pea produced in I consider that the (
trees will live even though the season : peas. fifty-five
maybe dry. I should much prefer a a very heavy growth of vine, bushels of peas gathered from the,one and SuckersOf
mulch of straw, or strawy manure,, and when bitten by the frost 'som'e'time'in acre paid the expense,of thel',/ hole. I
October, had a heavy of made several the Following,,Varieties
to the most careful ;watering.-EditorGreen's crop have other tests and ex- .
I Fruit-Grower. green'peas'and many ripe. ones. The periments with peas that ,have proven
. Clay pea: produced' good crop of satisfactory, but my' 'experience has FOR SALE: A,1f
vines'' as well as peas, and the' vines been that'on very thin l land some fertilizer -
Pure Orange Jelly Possible. '
continued green until frost. The should be used to get a 'gOod ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN "
.
In the discussions, now happily Black pea grew on very'rapidly, 'and I growth of vine.-Southern Planter; QUEEN GOLDEN QUEEN RIPLBY "
;frequent fruit and theiradulterants { '. ,
on j jellies produced a'very heavy crop of vines .
it is often the and I about QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE;PE$- '.
,. ; asserted by peas gathered an average The pineapple''' harvest absorbs; the .
manufacturers that a pure orange jelly acre, which yielded about fifty-j time and attention of every one these NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. : .
, is an impossibility. Regarding this, five' bushels. The soja beans -I '
produced
,days. Large shipments are being Apply to .
,Scipip Craig of the Citograph'says: a fine growth of vines'and fairgrowth made daily and will increase so'much
G.
-' We dissent from this ,statement in of beans. I turned in aboutfortyfive by'another week that it thought one 0. MATTHAMS,. .:
toto.. Orange jelly can be made from head of ,hogs about the 'zothof train will not be able'to move them. Florida Pineapple Company, "

nothing but to'anges'aud sugar. We September, after I had gathered. The'apples are in ,fine condition and Orb ., 4
\admltthatI: it..1S' not an easy matter. about fifty five bushels of the Blackpeas. thus far are bringing satisfactory' re- oMADDOCK & MATTHAMS ;
We also admit that pure,orange jelly The hogs thrived and took onfat turns.-Aukon'altem in Titusville Star. ,,
is not and never can be cheap. Our'good very fast, and I fed them with.very West Palm Beach, Plea
; .' mother has been 'experimenting little corn before killing them. In I Pensacola owes $30,000 less today protects the moisture in' the root bed
.'. ;this season and has made as handsome November, I turned in forty head of> than 'two years ago, .at' the time the from ,evaporation and saves all the
orange jelly as. Was'ever seen out of cattle (for two weeks, and they' coni1 present" city administration 'went into natural rainfall for the use of the
-' 'nothing but'oranges and sugar. slimed a: great many of the'dead vines: office. plants.-Southern Cultivator.r' .



VI




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197. THB FLORIDA FABiOEB AIm FBUIT-GEOWKB. ...391

.w .. .
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Professor Shaw's Garden.In 25 fruit; citrons, 20 fruit; winter:/rad. standing in such a lawn. A crop ofsowed .. .
an article in reference to his ishes, half bushel; white turnips, half grain is not the place for a
,.':now somewhat celebrated little garden bushel; beets, 6 bushels; 'carrots, 12 young orchard; and the only ground

1 Professor Shaw says : bushels.As really well adapted to the young peach
.' The little garden spot contains but to the management of a garden: trees is that which is subjected to con-
one-nineteenth part of an acre. The Plow the ground in the autumn and tinued cultivation of the soil, or to ,. -- iv ivay,
subsoil is particularly unpropitious. have every kind of product put in at stirring it 'through the season. Pota- Irresponsible gents

It came, I am told, from the cellar of once as soon as the proper season ar- toes, turnips, beets and carrots, and all They cla.lms arealwsysready lofrlncemcnt.AM gttl.nhtee Fence: buyers JOD against should
rives. few late other well remember that ether gentlemnn(1)) who was ready
A root and
a dwelling on the' same lot. It consists days may mean ,crops, answer to me a warrantee: deed of too whole earth and
of sullen, ''uncompromising sand failure. Sow or plant all the producein corn in hills is equally favorable, as buy owners the t the coiled Spring .article of tbe absolute

and gravel., It comes'up so near the rows from end to end of the garden, the partial shading which it gives to PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian) ,Hich.
surface in nearly all places that the and have it long and narrow rather the trees is but slightly detrimental, if
spade will'easily reach it in 'digging. than square., It is then more easily the soil itself is well stirred and pul-
,And"'when it does reach it, it says to i cultivated. Do all the work possiblewith verized. A summer fallow or clean -
''the spade every time : "Thus'far and horses and do it promptly. All soil is best of all.

no farther," But I am gradually hand hoeing should be done just at: In illustration of{ these statementswe
'deepening'it by the aid of the pickax the right time, or the labor of doing it give a few exemples, where or- A MONEY MAKER

when digging it over in the fall. The will be greatly increased. The hoe chards received the various kinds of wlpthe thrifty industrious henjUl about her
in nearly all instances be used and how to make money from ponltrr ;few inches of, top soil have been may management referred to. A neigh- It PoultryCuldefor I 1807.
'drawn from other places. before' the seeds come up, and right bor who set out a hundred peach 100 page*;printed in colon;bat plant for
No special fertilizers have been over the line of the row if it is care. trees, a part in a wheat field and the ,'" pou dl88&II8L try hOUle8j dent lure for remedtee 100.If JOD and write rtc'tJW'l'for now
fully used. Sometimes the face of the ''II JOHN SL11S082B.'e,Sox 31.rreepo, lit
,used. It gets but'one, load of farmyard I rest in a potato patch, showed us the
manure This is.usedfprproteeting hoe should be used and sometimes the followingautumn the condition of the "FUMA"
per year. CARBON
the cellar,in,the winter, back. The weeds will thus be kept trees. Those standing in the, well
n4i in the long, strawy, unreducedfotlil. down and the ground will retain its cultivated potato ground had made a BI-SULPHIDE.;
l moisture. Where early crops, as, for fair the shoots "The best remedy in every respect for killing
each
growth larger
on
.; It is then reduced' in the ; grain insects is Bi-sulphide of Carbon. It '5
spring by fermenting: that 'is, by instance, radishes, have been reaped, were in no case less than a foot and a cheap Sta. Bulletin, effectual 61. and easy to appI1.-'la 'HI.
piling it up where, (or'a time, wastewater other later crops should be sown at half in length, and many of them Send for free illustrated pamphlet. It is interesting
from the,house is thrown once. Keep crops growing on the were two feet and a half. 'Those ,readable and will save you money.
uponit EDWARD R.TAYLOR,Cleveland, Ohio.
and when decayed sufficiently is ground all the season 'and there will which were set in the wheat ground, Less than ico-lb. lots supplied by S.G. Searing -
the garden. The ashes of be more encouragement to keep the where the soil had not been disturbed :.Jacksonville. Fla.
,put upon ; ,
the'wood used in the cooking stove garden clean. Be sure and get good since the time the wheat was sown THE STANDARD
seed from a seedsman, and buy it and the had in
previous autumn no
case
are also strewn upon-the same, and >ARTS GREEN
all waste water from the house which have it home ready for use before the grown more than three inches, and
DUSTER.One .
contains soap is used likewise. Under spring opens. i many of them had barely survived.

this treatment the soil of the garden The accompanying figures exhibit

, would in a few years become surpassingly Tillage Imperative in Peach,, Cul- I this contrast, the light portion of the man can dust an acre of tobacco
V rich, even though it should be ture. branches being the growth of the sea- plants in an hour, thereby saving hours
and even days of tedious handpicking.Price .
made,to produce two and.three son, fig. 1 representing a portion of
crops Clean culture may or may not be $6.00; with this paper one year,
, the vigorous grower, and fig. 2 a $6.50. Address the editor box
every year.No I best for the orange, but for the peach 524,
branch of the tree in the wheat field.
: Jacksonville. Fla-
water was used upon the gar- there is no room for question. Culti-
,den except such, as was applied by vation will do more than anythingelse Figs. 3 and 4 show on a smaller scale THIS SCYTHE WRENCH
,hand, Waste water from the kitchen to prevent that bitterness which is the comparative growth of each. (Patent applied for.) IS NEVER LOST.

;: '" was thus applied. Sometimes, it was the one predominating fault of Florida Two neighboring farmers set out
sprinkled over the,plants with the Watering peaches. It is more than moisture, it nearly at the same time ,orchards of
can; at other times it was pour- is more than potash-however essen- fifty peach trees each. One of them

ed on, but care was taken to keep the these may to the production of the secured from a neighboring nursery I WANT AN AGENT in every
county to sell this WRENCH to
surface jof the ground from baking after highest type of fruit. From a promi- handsome, well grown and well Farmers. It fits all Scythes. To
water had been thus applied to it nent northern horticultural paper we rooted trees. But he set them in a show it Is to sell it. Sample wrench
man, cent six for
by TO ; lu Par-
On nearly all parts of the garden clip the following article. It is im- clover meadow. Only three survivedthe IL ticulars free. AddressH.
three crops were grown. The only portant because there are thousands of first year, and these afterwards O. KRUSCIIKK Berlin, Wia.

parts ,which produced but one crop acres of newly-set peach orchards in perished. The dense growth of the 40 WEST BAY STREET.DrJ.P.GONNllLLY .

were, those which grew carrots and this State,and by diligent tillage and fer- clover gave them no chance. The
,beets, and.two crops could have been tilizing these may be made to produce other neighbor obtained the last pick Dentist
obtained on these had it been ,so de, a very considerable crop next year. ings from the same nursery, or what (Graduate Dental Department University
sired.. But,it must not be understoodthat On the Farmer and Fruit-Grower would be denominated"culls," They of Maryland )
Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all other
in any case,one crop was allowedto grounds about 120 trees were planted were, however, carefully taken up, work done under the most modern methods
mature: before the next crop was, a year ago last,winter, and they now with ample roots, and, set in an enclosure im Residence 304 West Ashley Street.

started. In every instance, before a. carry about twenty,bushels of peaches. which had been thoroughly
'crop' was removed, the next'crop was I These trees were cultivated nine times plowed and harrowed, and planted lorida

under way, hence, on nearly all por- last spring and fall and fertilized lightly with potatoes, the cultivation of 'Lands
tions of the garden, there was no diffi- five times : which was not neglected. The potato -
''ctiltv in growing three crops.. In one The importance of clean and mel- and other hoed crops were repeat. Oranges '
,
or'}' two instances a fourth crop was low'cultivation of the soil for young ed for'a few years, with some manur- '

,* 'started, but did not mature sufficientlytd'be fruit trees generally, for the promotionof ing. The trees all grew well, and in -n.lG ortS p.:1':
of service. The following produce a vigorous and healthy growth, is five years and onward presented the ;'J.f-i'.!'
was grown, upon the garden in well understood by intelligent orchard- pleasing sight of branches loaded with [nvestments J.j-:y
,
crimson and golden fruit .1 'J ;1.f;
one season : ists. The contrast between neglectedand
is nowhere On soil hard and ster- Developments ,', )i4**
naturally
Radishes, 3,22fplantsj; lettuce, 539 generous treatment a
plants; onions, from sets, 289 plants; more distinct than with young peach ile, manuring- in connection with "j' ;I: ,.,1J,
''onions, from seed while thinning, 718 trees; and even old trees show a good cultivation will impart great ftttractions .; ..
plants; onions, from seed, harvested, strong difference between the two vigor to peach trees, and there will be Address, .t ;,"'-1.
'
1,419 plants; parsnips, 24 plants; beetswhile modes of management. The worst no difficulty in securing an ,annual G. D. ACKERLY, :.; *
yet growing, 111 plants; carrots treatment which young peach trees growth three or four feet long. Even CCUCHU.MSSCNCCN ACCHT, I :

Awhile yet growing, 62'plants; sage, can receive is to plant them in ,a manure alone, if copiously applied, THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,
,)158 plants;'summer' savory, 79 plants; meadow with a compact sod. Nearlyas will greatly improve the vigor of JACKSONVILLE. FLOaIOA.rUPUM.
cress or pepper grass, 214 plants; chicory bad is in a pasture, even if. keptgrazed feeble trees, but it must be spread

; 103 'plants, ; spinach, 124 plants; by sheep and swine. A lawn, broadcast, as the'roots soon extend a I
brussels sprouts, ,,24, plants; corn for if closely shaven, and topdressedwith long distance. We have seen trees '"

.'table, .use246. ,ears; peas, shelled, 27 a fertilizer every winter,will give which were only ten feet high directly j tj 21 STYLES. .
quarts;; potatoes, 18 quarts;; beans in the trees a better chance, but it would benefited by manure placed on' one f BEST and CHEAPEST.
'the pod, '22 quarts; cabbages 12 heads; still not be the treatment which they side only, eleven feet away. Ma : CiUlogB sad full treatise on prsriac.. tnt
cauliflowers, 14 heads; tomatoes: 1,200 should receive, although cherry ,and nuring in circumscribed circles around I|i ic I vcLUbe V'M.FTAHL crop Bulled, QUINCY frM.14dr., ILL.
succeed 'wel the foot of the stem is of little value. '_ ..
fruit; cucumbers,, :446 fruit; pumpkins, pear trees would fairly I r .11 tI'I' I I Tf"

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y4 r s '< :
; i }f"'O.f: :.1" IL i f (;i. !' J-.h; :- AlL 14 :;':

X392 .- ----- u' .... "'. THK-PLOBIDA..PA> RR.AND.PBorrGR:' >3. JUNE_.19. -,---


.i-- News.TheSeidoirsash Our Rural Home could just do everything themselves: get an old thick but absorbent cloth, /

1' date .: how much more, smoothly everythingwould and a pail 't two-thirds full of rather'hotwater
: ... : .=: = .
.. -- -'.- -- -- .:., it is
That to if
,,,--.r-- run. easy enough polished floor, just lukewarm.
:: door arid blind To Distill "Water.. ( // the help how to doa, thing, hat; .water, and a cup of pearline. 'I

uctb'atT'Palatka ,i is' employing, :iboutv For Our Rural Home: they might be'told a thousand times. sprinkle a little pearline over a portionof
I noticed in'a recent'uinber of andunless they have practical J -! floor about two
one' hundred hands ,at present, and ; experience yards square, say a
they are working on full time. The your paper an inquiry 'for a ,cheap' the telling ,does little,good. Only -' scant handful of the powder, thenwash
method distilling water. The enclosed experience guided by good ,common it with cloth .
/capacity .of the factory is from two : up my quite dripping
cut represents, I think, ;the will tell how hot the cloth 'i
hundred and fifty to three hundred sense just ; rinse.out my wring it dry
finished doors per,day.,, simplest and cheapest apparatus, that iron must be, exactly how, damp to' and ,wipe up the washed place ; drag
can' be made for this 'purpo e. Itconsists havethe shirt, where the, best place: my pail along and begin on another

Several : : in this! vicinity, of : essentially of a tin can from to put the pins to hold it smoothly on'' spot; before you realize it,your floor
'
oidbearing; trees, which were not three to four feet high, and one andonehalf the board, just ,how hard and 'when to is clean, and it dries quickly and no
killed below the ,bud by the ,late la- to'two feet'in'diameter, witha rub with the iron, and how near dry, brooms are worn out ; two pailfuls 'of

'rented freeze,' particularly thosewhich conical, closely-fitting lid, and a the; bosom must be to begin polish- water are sufficient to clean it, unless
J ave made ,rampant growth funnel connected with a tube'for col- I the floor has been neglected for a long
?andAluclj' still 'contain ,much deadwood ecting'the: ,distilled water 'and 'conveying mg.But to one already familiar with the time.

and which were not pruned, it to a receptacle The close-1' .ordinary details of laundry work, any Ihope,, the sisters will try my way
fertilized..and r cultivated ,thoroughly, fitting of the lid may be 'effected by new, helpful suggestion is very welcome and report success. I,am sure we all
are badly:infested with scale insects, the'soldering of f the rim of the can to as it is also to a beginner who welcome Mrs. :Merryman to our columns -

,and show' signs of gradual dissolution.So a broad band of f tin carefully adapted is really anxious to learn. again, and rejoice in her restoration -

far no one is fighting the ravagesLoftheJcale' to' the can."Vhen' Nellie Hawks gave in the Home to health; with her I think "Our

( ] \.except our- ) Mr.. Tones, 'the 'water is heated suffi Magazine,some time ago the follow- Rural''' Home" sisters"should feel more

who receivediseyeral tons of Liverpoolsalt ciently'' the steam' is'condensed in the ng formula which is very good Indeed liberty in, writing for !this department ;
: '
last week, with which he is salting conical cover and drifts into the fun : an exchange of.idea is' always helpful

the earth around his trees,' apparently nel.The "To three quarts of soft water adda and we can pick up many useful hints,
to the doubting ones, as a sort water may be heated by a ker quarter pound of best,elastic starch, let us try ,to 'make this a more interesting
'of bugbear 'and a cheap expedient, osene stove)or the can may be placedon two tablespoons of powdered borax '

with no certainty of producing ex an ordinary wood stove, and I the and two tablespoonfuls of turpen paper.Miss J. W. WHEELER;

pected"results.-Orange Bend item in heating. go on'while cooking is being tine." It may be kept in a covered .
Eustis Lake Region. done. and when wanted for .
glass; jar use Some Water Uses to Remember.The .
if' '' -\ The water in the conical cover stir from the bottom and mix thoroughly
A few b'f( our pineapple
: growers should be often it is bestto Phrenological Journal gives
haVVseV out' ,fruit trees amongst the changed or ; wet the garment, wring dryas
have the apparatus arranged so and in the following usetul hints on' the applications -
clean towel
possible
a
,
pineapples This is a good idea, wrap
; very
that cold water in and the of water in severe attacksof
runs warm for a few moments when it is ready
fol1he"trees worked time ... ,
get every
runs out constantly. illness. The adult members of the
for .
the pines do, so the cost is compara. 'The be used also ( ironing.Another '"' family should keep them in mind for
tively nothing ,and by the time the apparatus may rmaking' 'simple'and generally more
the Various flavored waters an emergency.A .
convenient starch 'is
prepared by
pines are run out the fruit trees will
,be" nearly; ,if not already' in bearing'and by enclosing the flowers, bark'' etc.' washing a cake of Ivory soap in a: strip of flannel or a soft napkin
'a crop of fruit of'almost any kind from which the extracts I are to 'be quart of lukewarm water until it becomes folded lengthwise and dipped in,hot r. .
will pay nearly as well as the pines. made in muslin bags, and suspending' good suds 'and then dissolving water and wrung out, and then ap '
Besides that; 'the\ ground between therecsJcn' these in'the water contained in the i three tablespoonfuls of starch' plied around the neck'of a child'th'at'

{ : be"'replanted to pines or a can.I. :and one fourth teaspoonful ot pulverized -. has croup will 'usually bring relief in
of or sweet have made a distillery'apparatus$ alum in the suds. After dippingthe a few minutes.A .
cow potatoes
crop peas
of this kind of two large lard ;cans shirts let them lie or thirty
'catfbe there for one or two twenty ''
grown towel'folded several times
soldered end to end and with : proper
necessary minutes before ironing. I have seen
without the trees-in
seasons injuring and in hot water k
alterations and additions and it dipped wrungqui
mother iron beautiful stiff and pol--
fact the cultivation of the soil would
works,well. and applied,over the site of ,a tooth-
benefit the trees. It wouldbe ished bosoms, using nothing but nice
:probably. ache or neuralgia will generally afford
THOS. R. BAKER. ,
for all pineapple clean suds and starch to dip them i ibut in
a good plan
growers relief.
,Rollins Winter Park prompt
College Fla
; the starch and should always
out trees amongst their soap
set
to, ...'....
pines for it. wo undoubtedly be a Laundry Notes.For be'of the, purest quality, and all the This treatment for colic has
paying .investment and cost but little. holders perfectly clear. A piece of been found to'work like'magic.
gut.-Tropical Sun. Our Rural Home.I beeswax tied to a rag is excellent for Nothing so cuts short 'a
to;carry, it ,wonder, why more housekeepersdo promptly
; the iron.
Y polishing of the throat
A representative of the ,Star madea not write for 0. R. H. It is a very Will not else tell congestion lungs;, sore :
some one us '
rheumatism hot water t when
casual visit to the factory and worksof helpful corner and could be made or as ,: applied
i a good way. she has .for doing some in the and' .
early case thoroughly.Hot
the Southern Fertilizer Company, more so if more ,of its readers ,would particular work? M. M.
of this city; yesterday, and there found contribute something occasionally. ....... water' taken freely half an hour
abundant evidences of the ,returning ,:Mrs.' \ \ "of this section of the State. member the Florida housekeeper and Floor 'Washing. in a case of constipation, while it

.prosperity c r loads pf material had just I think those who read her helpful articles For,Our Rural Homo.I has soothing, effect upon the stomach

been housed by'the company to 'combine should give something nice in am afraid that many Florida housekeepers and bowels.: ,

with the already large,stock of their turn. will not agree with me when This treatment, .continued. a ,few

component i ingredients which the company Summer is really here, and with'it speak, of washing floors,with! corns months, with the addition of ,a cup of
'had on hand to make; /nip i its ex the usual amount of summer clothesto brooms. We found it rather expensive hot water slowly sipped ,half ,anhour, .

cellent brands of fruit and 'vegetable be laundered, dresses which are for the first' summer we, left our before each meal, with ,proper attention'to

fertilizers. Sup intendent.Cary states many and,! very beautiful with their 'Florida: cottage, the,servants i in charge diet- wiil cure ,most cases..:.of
that there is a three-fold increase iri the dainty lace trimmings.But had soaked the kitchen, floor, so that it dyspepsia. '

business of the,company over that of : generally .the )laundress has d c y'some,9r:the boards and a portion Ordinary headaches almost always

last year and that the company's goodsare more anxiety in regard to the.numberless ; ;of it had,to be, relaid.i yield to't the _simultaneous,applicationof

finding a market over\\ amore ex shirts,,cuffs.and collars;,but if one A prominent health lecturer tells us hot:water to the feet ,and back I,of

tended territory than,ever before. Mr. knows, how ,to do ,them, the easiest to "get down, ,on) your: knees, it's as the'-neck.

Cary says that ,there is a marked increase -- way they, are really, not, so much good physical ,culture, as Lean prescribe : Ii..

. in the number of people who trouble.. There' is no need, to.; "cookthe ., ,. for all' the muscles,,are,in action The three immense 'barns "olT' 'trie
are taking care'of their orange groves, starch for ,shirts 'if' one ,has' 'a in floor scrubbing; the muscles l of Manatee. County Tobacco,'Company

as many who became discouraged good fine starch. : ,,T theback. ,, abdomen) ,. arms,and legs." are nearly full and an extension of
when the freeze came, have become'convinced I use several.receipts,always preferring I have.taught [several, colored girls one of' them is now b ing:1J:,Duilt.e 'In
of ,the sure resuscitation ol f *the ,one, most "convenient,: andeach the Yankee. method, and after they a few weeks the tobacco from these

the trej&ve nbw beginning to help one is, q ite.satisfactoryi.tha is, once got accustomed to it ,they pre. barns will begin .to go into the:curing
ithepff aloug''by cultivating and fertilizraf. -, When I use mmy elf., The trouble (ferredit to,the old way.agaip; I.think house,,and soon thereafter a definite
The Southern Fertilizer Company ., with,me: i is' that Lam not physically! afloor; can be made cleaner; your eyes value will.be set upon'this 1 latest and

( he'says'' shipped yesterday two I strong.enough.to do my laundry work are too far away when standing in anupright most valuable product of Manatee

leaf loads of fertilizer to Plymouth and, myself f, and have. to depend on hired position, ,and you cannot ,see' county...In two weeks they will beginto

:Borders arc coming in from many differ, help, altogether, and. have,,found,out every speck.aiid stain. cut t the first: part of the sucker crop.Manafee'1irei .
air ii is.--OI1ando Star. what most housekeepers know, if one Let me tell you' how I do it : first11' 1 o'i 1."




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4897-- THE FLORIDA ')'A'tV1ntun: FRUIT-GROWER. 393

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,Sick 'Headache From Bad Stom. mason contractor, with whom and his. I most desperate. We, of South Dakota,

mother he makes his home. I are almost shut-bis'now.: Have had..no Potatoes
ach. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain in a I trains for weeks mail earned from town

condensed form, all the elements neces-I to town by four-horse teams, which havo ,

From. the Plain.Dealer Cleveland. Ohio. sary to give new life and richness to the 1 all they can do to get through the deep
blood and restore shattered nerves. Theyare mud; every river at its highest, and the Tomatoes
Melons[ ,
One day in the summer of 1895,CharlesI. also a specific for troubles peculiar to bridges all gone. Only for our papers, Cabbage,

Vogel l.was sitting on the front steps of1i& females, such suppressions, irregularities letters, magazines, etc., we should not be Turnips, Lettuce, Peas, Beets
home at No.. 1513 Lorain street, on the and all forms of weakness. They l I in touch with the rest of the world. It ,

yVestside: Cleveland, Ohio, the picture ofmisery. build up the blood, and restore the glowof I has been a long, hard winter, (since November Onions, and all Vegetables
!' :He had spent an almost sleep- health to pale and sallow cheeks. In
) and mountains of 'snow, which, move large quantities of Potash
J less night and even when slumber injhort men they effect a radical cure in all cases to add to its horrors, was piled up and
snatches came to him, it was! troub- arising from mental worry, overwork. drifted terribly by the blizzards which from the soil. SupplyPotash

,uloiis and, unrestful. For ,six months Pink Pills are sold in boxes, (never in were of frequent occurrence. Still, .
'previous to the day in question CharlesV loose bulk) at 50 cents a box or six boxes amidst the howling of the fierce northers

o g'e l had been a sufferer from headaches for $1 J)0, and may be had at all druggists, and the ice and snow, we have had, lots
of the most severe and excruciating char or direct by mail from Dr. Williams' of pleasure and gained 'a great, deal of

acter. Medicine Company, Schenectady, N. Y. useful information right here at home..

!His experience during the preceding i Yes, I am going to tell you how, and advise in liberal quantities by the use

night was simply repetition of many Cultivating a Husband.BY every country neighborhood to go
ot erswhich, had preceded it. and he was and do likewise We just scratchedaround of fertilizers containing not

wondering how long he would be able to'endure'the MARY 11'. BUTTS. and comparatively little labor less than .
\ mental and physical strain. "I wouldn't think of that side of him and no great expense, we have a library 10% actual Potash.
'While he was preoccupied in this disheartening said Grandmother Dorcas. of nearly 100 volumes of the }best Better and more profit

meditation, some one with a "What do mean ?" asked the standard works, bought a case to hold
,i pouch strapped to his shoulder placed a granddaughter you wiping the tears them, and have now 17.50 with whichto able yields are sure 'to follow.
little pamphlet in his hand. Mechanical that her away buy more books. We had two ,socia-' All l about Potash-the malts of its actual ex.
were overflowing sweet brown
1y'Mr;;,Vogel began turning the pages, tiles; the proceeds of which was used for' told pertinent in a little on the book best which farms in the Unite States U

i ''of 'the I booklet'ne> held, while his eyes'wandered eyes."When, I married grandfather." replied the fund, and each family who paid one mail fire*to any farmer in America we publish who and will write will gladly for it.

listlessly over the pages. Suddenly the fair-faced old lady, dollar have a life membership in the asfaociation GERMAN KALI WORKS,
however his 'indifference for member of the fami-j Nassau St.,New York.
was knitting drop into her lap, "1 fairly every 93
changed to interest, and, soon he was idolized him. I didn't dream that there i ly. And Oh, I wish you could know howe :
reading: a few of the testimonials given was side to him but the loving, have enjoyed those books Such a tiers from coming to Florida'and whie-
by 'people:'who had found in Dr. Wil tle tender any side that he showed when gen-he literary feast we do not often enjoy* the landowning companies are paying
,
liams' I'ink'Pilla a cure for ills of various was courting me. But I soon found out and we do not often get short of good taxes on the land, the cattle man is getting -
,kinds. reading matter book-case all the benefit soot free, and it
that a. man isn't all 'sugar an'spice an'all as our own ; is
"Then I 'to' if has in it 100 volumes. all the for
began see somebody had that's nice,' as the rhyme has nearly -Southern throwing nearly taxeg the sup-
.
used them for the nursery Ruralist. of the state
cities
trouble from
same port government on ,
it. Why child it isn't natural. Well I
,
.
which I was suffering," he went on to had a few crying spells and then I called, towns and thickly settled districts, while
say ''in narrating his experience, "and I common sense. I said to myself The Right 'Kind of a Wife 'Makes the thousands of miles are held as free range
up my
found what I was looking for. The stories for the cattle man on which he pays no
'If I want a good husband I must make Right Kind of a Husband."If .
.read in the pamphlet were unlike those the most of what is already good in him taxes, and by the present laws prevents
which I had in similar books before. rattlers from occupying. Can not
seen and change the rest if I can; if not, ignore you wish to be a good companionto you
seemed be call the attention of the railroads and
to and
They straightforward
it. Why dear, would thinkI husband, study to make each
my you
your
full of that I could other landed to this state of
sincerity scarcely help companies
had lost my wits if 1 stood over my 'Good morning that you say to him an
believing they were true. I had seen affairs, also the cities and towns, how
damask roses quarreling with the thorns, incentive to a better life, is Ruth Ash:
testimonials have to bear the burden of taxation
other concerning the wonderful they
instead of enjoying their prettiness and more's advice to women whom
young ,
,claims made for patent medicines, while thousands of miles are kept free
their sweetness, and being careful not to she addresses upon 'The Profession of
,but they,were pictured in such glowing range for the cattle man to get rich on,
get pierced. There's a rough side to Marriage" in the April Ladies' Home
terms that I was always skeptical about and the present laws prevent settlers
most men, and there's no use crying over Journal. "Learn to make such 'Goodnight' {
accepting them as the truth. I had never from occupying. Hope j you may succeed
it. Now, my dear, just remember this a benediction,of love for the day'swork
and do well. DANIEL W. LAWS.
beard of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills before, rule and act upon it, and I'll guaranteeyou the day's loving and the day's
but I determined to.buy a box of them, a happy married life. Never allow sympathy. Look for his good qualities: Fruit in Hot Weather.It .
and I went to the drug store near ourhoU8 yourself to think over your husband's He is like you in having faults. With
on Lorain street! and made a pur. faults, not for one minute. When you very little trouble you can find these is a popular'fallacy that the free
chase. It was the best investment I ever think of him look only at the kind, noble faults, and by talking about them use of fruit in summer is the cause of

niaide. tender side; that is to say, look at the and reminding him of them you can bowel disturbances, while as a matter
"When I swallowed the' first pill, I remarked character blossoms and not at the thorns.In make your married life unendurable.You of fact no diet can be more healthfulat
mother. I
these to my will do! wonder' what this way you will be of immense help can bring about heartburnings, you this time than one composed d of fruit
good! things me.
in his development in all manly quali- can cause strife, and before you know it
:"Ob,, I guess they will only make you and farinaceous foods with, perfectlypure
ties; you will be to him as sunshine in- hatred may take the place of love. Look
wcrse; she replied, but she was wrong; stead of fog and mist and rain." for his virtues, and seeking always forgoodness milk. Flesh of all kinds.decomposes

,they had' just the opposite effect on me. "I know you are right. ," said the young yo uwill grow better every day with great rapidity both before .
The first pill did not cure me-I scarcely! wife, whose face had brightened to its as certainly as would bad
that-nor did the second but I dust you grow and after eating, and summer heats
expected ; usual "but I afraid looked for that which
pleasantness, am thatI If you only was this hence
bed not.been taking them for a week before greatly accelerate process;
shall often fail no matter what good wicked. Remember, there is much that
I began to feel better. I continued resolutions I make. If I could keep you will have to be forgiven in you, and flesh food frequently causes grave derangement -

to' have the headaches which broke my with me always perhaps I could snc whenever you feel inclined, to remind of the bowels, as the poison -
sleep l arid rest, but they were less violent ceed." Tom of a weakness read the book in produced by this decomposition
and less frequent. At the end of two "If let down foibles and
any one lack wisdom him ask which are set your acts powerfully as an emetic and
pur-
weeks I. was so much improved that I of God, who giveth liberally and up- your follies. A woman who, even after !
could not but admit to myself that the gative. All meats are so heating that
braideth not, was the wise reply.-Congregationalist. her marriage, carefully studies her profession
little pills'were simply wonderful and all can make her husband what she they should be used sparingly duringhot

that was claimed, for them. Graduallythe i iSo i wishes him to be. Everything that is weather, and there is the added

pain in.my bead became quite mild Cold., ,good is contagious,and the right kind ofa argument that the whole system
land at the end of a' month I could see
wife makes the right kind of husb
a
the winter'sdiet.
; 4 from
that it would soon disappear entirely if I I am sure you, of the "Sunny South," craves a change

continued the treatment, though it was cannot even imagine how sweet those and."Respect the rights of your husband. _____
so simple il could scarcely call. it that blossoms seemed to us, snow-bound as He is a man, not a child, and how can
1 bought another box of pills. One more we were, and had been for long months. the,world honor him when you, who are Deafness Cannot be Cured

'month passed and I'was cured. That was We had only to close our eyes and hold his closest companion, do' not ? Do not, by local applications, as they cannot
a year ago, and I have not suffered since. the blossoms close to our faces almost even in jest, deride or underrate him. reach the diseased .portion of the ear..
.My sleep is as peaceful as a healthy hear the sweet songs of the birds and People are slow about deciding when one There is only one way 'to cure Deafness,

Child's, and I wake up in the morning and feel the warm air sweeping our jesting or when one lain, earnest. And and that is by constitutional remedies.

anxious and' willing to go to work. cheeks. I do so love flowers, and these what you meant to be funny may cause Deafness is caused by an inflamed con-
,&What Was the of those head- dition of the mucous lining of the:Bus-
cause were doubly ,precious, first because so some stupid person to say: "How hor-:
',:'ichesj> ,von' ask.; They came from my rare at this season, and redolent with rid Tom must be 1 Why, his wife says tachian Tube. When this tube gets inflamed
stomach. It was out of order, and so sweetness; secondly,because they seemed dreadful things about him." you have a rumbling sound or
was my whole system. I.was run down, with their mute lips to bring to us wordsof imperfect hearing,' and when it is entire
b.my .stomach caused me the most good will and kindly greeting from a ly closed Deafness is the ,result, and unless -
trouble ham v to testify to the faraway friend.I Bitter No-Fence Man. the inflammation ran be taken ,out
merit of the Pink Pile because it is on would be pleased to return the kind- I am a bitter no.fence'man: 'and have and this tube restored to its normal condition -
'account'of the willingness of others to do ness in some wav, and I think it will been tormented by stock, particularly hearing will'l he destroyed forever;

'the saine that I am rid of'''a distressing hardly seem possible, to you, when I ten hogs, and believe that the present Fence nine cases out often are caused by ca-

malady: "and it will, give, me ,pleasure to you that if I attempted such a thing today Law should be altered, that hogs shouldbe tarrh, which is nothing but an inflamed'
j Lnow that my testimonial' may be the (April 12th.) it would be a snowballI outlawed, and that fences should not condition of the mucous surfaces.'
means of,helping some one else. I have should have to send-fresh-fallen snow be required to be at least five feet high; We will give One Hundred Dollars for

the utmost confidence in the medicine, of today, whose fleecey whiteness covers when in other states they are required to any case of Deafness (caused by catarrh)
"and my mother no longer doubts its power.to everything. We had hoped for' settled, be only four feet high,'and the cattle i in that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh
.
: cure." pleasant weather ere this, but have been other states are double the size of Florida. Cure.. Send for circulars, free:

Mr. Vogel is about twenty-three years doomed to disappointment. ;No work cattle. P.J. CHENEY, &: CO., Toledo, 0.
old, and is the son of Charles Vogel, a done as yet, and farmers becoming al The present law almost prohibits set JfpSold by Druggists, 75 cento.I ,

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394, SEH' ILOBIDi. VASIGBI AND FBUEWBOWBB ?

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- ashes all over the ground' der the rector Broun in a letter to us, states tural societies (South Haven and Gas-
Florida Farmer and Fruit? Grower:: tree about,two feet beyond the outer that he, had 7,000, copies of each co) is trying to fight fraudulent commission .

Weeeiy spaper'pnbiished 'at tf Main limbs; then at fruiting1' time note 'the printed. merchants in a similar way.It .
,Street A rcksonvffle.Flia Ste ; t. !t result. If, the" ashes can, be. stiriedtwo *Georgia had a ''population (estimated has resolved that "every memberof
or three. inches into,the, soil. all 1895) of 1,956,000. Her last an. the society who has good reason to
TERMS. OF. SUBSCRIPTION. the better. nual report is a leaflet of eight pages, think any firm with which he has had
:V'.'.,. ... ... U.U. giving merely summaries of work done. dealings unreliable or dishonest
.. 19f Oaf Tear ............. ,1..1. !. ?1is.oo'A Sunburned.'La.nd..
For'to" '*Month*........................ ..... 1:00: Of her fund she expended in salaries shall report the same to the secretarywith
(M IjiJ;rO f d ttrn IK f\Mftttfii*llMWCW tf ............,........... 3.00 ,In the course' of a recent' visit to $7,450 and for publications $2,092.03. written complaint ,and brief
.grSubscriptions. in all cases cash indTanoe. Winter Haven, while looking about Five bulletins were issued ; 12,000 statement of the evidence. This shall
No disc U allowed on one's with that intelligent and practical fruit copies of each. The list of Georgia be delivered to the executive committee ,

owneubecriptionezceptinaclubbuttoallagenta a liberal( cash commission) will grower,., Dr. F. .W4 Inman, he drove farmers who have asked for the bulletins -. who shall carefully examine the
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby the carriage:out, .of 'the way to showus ? I to, be sent to them numbers 8,130. same and give the complainant a
them.' ,Write for terms. an instance remarkable effectof No report from South Carolina. chance to be heard also notify the
To every:subscriber,'new or"old, remit- continued sunburn on the fertilityof North Carolina had a population person or firm of such complaint,. andif
ting us $3.00, we will send the paper one land. Along the .east ,side of a (estimated, 1895)) 1,700,000. In a a majority shall be satisfied that a
year and, a copy -of Rolfs' Tegetable certain field, just outside the fence a letter to us Director Battle says : "We case has been made against the offend.
Growing post-paid.In the South'For two for new Northern subscribers "fire-break" had been plowed each have not bound the various bulletins of er, the complaint, a brief of the evk

Market, at $2.00 each, we will send, year',,for a number of;years ,to protect 1896 and cannot therefore send you re- dence and the finding the commit
postpaid, 'a copy of ''MOore's' 1'Orange the crops. from any ,forest fires that port of 1896. The usual edition of these tee shall be filed with the secretary,
Q.u1ture.It might wander that way.. ,Finally ,the bulletins, is 16,000 to 17,000. Sometimes and the name of the person ,or firm
fence was removed to another place ,we issue much larger editions of shall be entered ,on a list kept by the
Remittances should be"made by and a field of pineapples was';planted those that promise to be very pop- secretary for the use of the membersin
", postal note ;money order or registered but, part'of it covering the strip where ular;'for the scientific editions a smaller good standing of this society.. The
letter to order of the fire-break had been kept plowed. number is needed." 'secretary has been instructed, to,send
FABSfEB: ANDXBUIT. 0JZOJTEB.Jacksonville .' The repeated plowings had destroyedall Florida's total experiment station a copy of f the resolution to all other
'.>- Fla. the herbage and all the' seed so fund is $16,200, while Georgia has societies in the peach belt, suggesting
Chat.W.D Co.'ta.Business BlanageF.'Moore' that the land was not'able fo cover its $22,000, North Carolina $23,400, Al- similar action.. When any .society
'
nakedness., The field had been,treat abama $24 778, Louisiana $26,600.Consider shall prepare a;list and forward, to the
Oranr Culture .... ...... 81 00
Rolf ,Vegetable Growing: in the ed alike throughout in every respect, the population, age and secretary of this society, with a copy
South for,Northern"Markets.... 1 25CONTENTS. the same cultivation.and,the same fertilizer wealth of the States, and we think of the resolutions or rules by which
", applied ; yet there was a strip Florida compares'well with any of the names on their list' are obtainedand
through the pineapples conspicuousfor them in results showing the intelli- are to be given out, the same
"- its PQve y'.. It looked,,almost as gence of her f farmers and their demandfor shall be submitted to the executive
....... 386'TOBACCO
Cause and Prevention ofPear.BUght. if it had been ,seared. with" 'fire ; the the bulletins. Also in the several committee of this society, and if satisfactory -
tinued-Editorial- Culture Correspondence at Quincy;Con-Erpe plants yellow and sickly and only half amounts expended for salaries and to a majority, they shall authorize -

.. >iments In Tobacco Growing... .. .... 387 as large as, ,the others-a most valua- publications respectively.. the secretary to arrange for a
'GROVE AND O..cnAJlDThe Mexican Orange ble object ,lesson to the, Florida, soil. 1 < mutual exchange. said lists, ,and ,a
orm..1..1..1................-... 388 tiller.. ., Putting Commission Men Under prompt report of names subsequentlyadded.
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Control.
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Notes Prom Winter Park; Save Your Fig .
Trees; Irrigation In Humid Climates.... 389 Florida Experiment .tion-Oom- Various schemes have been pro- Another plan for the control of.the
Watering, Newly Planted Trees; Pure Orange, pared.. posed to control the commission trade commission trade, proposed by the
Jelly Possible.........-............... ... 390 The annual report of: the Florida and drive dishonest dealers out of Ottawa County Fruit-Growers' Also
FARMER AND TXUCXE*-Experience With Experiment Station for 1896',is a 'neat business. The; California scheme puts ciation, aims at the enactment of a
.. ............
Cow Peas and Soja Beans 390Profeuor'Shaw' the commission man under a bond of
filled law the
Garden Tillage ,Imperative pamphlet\ 93 pages, richly by congress regulating produce
In Peach .Culture;................... 391 with observations, experiments work ten thousand dollars. It seems that commission business in the United

STATS NEWS ..._......................,.....,.393 and analyses-all of the matter being in one sense a commission merchant States. Federal inspectors, 'appointed
in addition to that of the separate.bulletins ; : might be considered a public officer, for states or districts, shall look, into
RURAL HOME-To Distill Water;.laundry
:' ova Notes; Floor Washing; Some Water ) -: the' whole fitly rounded 'out and ,I can see no objection to pulling! and examine. the farm produce commission -

Uses to Remember, ... ..........,.........392 with 'an index. This State!had a pop- him under the control of the State, or business with the same care
Cultivating' a Husband; So. Cold; Right,Wife, ulation (estimated, 1895)of) 425,000 ; even national government. No commonwealth and object in view that bank, commis-
Right Husband; Fruit' In Hot'Weather.. 393 and of her experiment station.fund expended no corporation, no bankor sioners have in' their respective dis
'EDITORIAL-Sunburned Land; Florida Ex in salaries 403453. Five other large concern will put an em- tricts. It is time that the question be
periment Station' Compared; 'Putting bulletins were issued, four of 12, OO ployee in a responsible position with- agitated and brought to some.practical -
Commission Men Under Control......... 394, copies each-one of, 20,000 copies. out requiring adequate surety. Yet I issue. Something will have.to be

Markets Sreds; .Agricultural............"!Credit'......Banks...,.,.;.Testing..,...... 395 Cost of publications $1,995.14.' here is a man (the commission mer done. Let farmers agree 'on some
.POOTJTRY-Poultry Por Profit:.............. 396 Louisiana had a population (estimated ,- chant) handling thousands of otherpeople's plan. It is perhaps one of the most
A.IAJly-How Procure Surplus Honey.... 396 1895)) 1,200,000, ; 'expended of her dollars who gives no bond, is important questions now before the
Farm Notes;Books For Fanciers.............:398 fund .$7,944.10: in salaries, ,and, $i-, under no control whatever, and farmer of the United States.'Ve
Swine Notes;Dairy Notes..............:....,,400 759.62, in publications, consisting of- therefore finds himself surrounded by I, shall be glad to hear from many of our
seven bulletins. In a personal letter the strongest 'temptations. No won(I readers on the subject.--Farm and
., 'It is not best to milk a cow_ too from' Director Stubbs to us'he states der that even those who start in with Fireside. '-
': R close to the period of ,calving. She that he'issued 7,000 copies: each bul honest intentions' and honest inclinations .
'':: should be allowed to go dry six weeks soon learn to be tricky and dis The Palmetto News says that the
at'least, as she should not be taxed to letin.Mississippi had a population:(estimated i honest. Opportunity makes thieves. vegetable crop in Manatee county,this
r milk the last few commission is of will foot the handsome total of
produce during ':1895)) of 1,352,800. Her last The trade one the spring
i ,- weeks. It"must' be the duty of the annual report that we have is a pamphlet best training-schools to turn out ras $450,000, which is true no doubt, but
: farmer'to feed such cows very carefully of 64 pages and compares .favorably ;-! cals. No man should be allowed to we should 'remember that if it had
f as'milk fever may result i if they 1 in value with. that..of Florida. Of receive consignments on commission not been for t the ,corporations t take
: are made very fat. her: .fund she expended ,that year without being under proper bonds;J'I them to the markets they would not
: The roots of young orange trees or ((1893)) .$9,233.04, ,in salaries, and for and if the State cannot take control of have sold for anything In the'vegetable -
plants that have recently arrived from postage, stationery'and' '''printing, this matter, a, "farmers' protective as I business we are dependent on
,. the nursery must,not be allowed to become together, $6i2,85. Six'bulletins, were sociation" might do this by, binding I I capital for crates( nails, paper and
dry. Exposing, them to winds sent out:'number of each printed'is; not its members, to ship only to commis transportation, and without\ all these
"" is a risk. If the ground is not ready, stated. sion men who have voluntarily put it would be a total.failure.
'heel" them in at once.' If' the roots 'Alabama had a population (estima; themselves under bonds to the associ-- Few people in,the country are aware
: of a'young tree are injured, cut off ted, 1895)) of 1,600,000. Her last,an. ation "for good behavior." Such a I that a great amount of\money is being
,the damaged parts. .Do'not be afraid nual,report (I 896).is a pamphlet 1 of,32 move would be in the interest of the I invested in the turpentine industry in
to cut back from the top, if there ap- pages, giving a complete index of all honest\ dealer just as much as in thatof Volusia. There.are several plants in
pear to be but few roots to the.tree. the bulletins issued that year- a/very the shipper. The former suffers the north end which are giving em-
:' If you have peach tree,that'bears valuable feature-and brief summary much from the corapction of the fakirin ployment to hundreds laborers, aid
split fruit, it is pretty' good evidence of the work of each specialist) .'. In the trade, and from the bad reputation the farmers and truckers in that section -
'that it has 'been manured too highly salaries she expended of her :fund, 'into,which the fakirs have broughtthe find a home market for consider-
with cottonseed meal or some other $8,700, and for publications $682:21.: whole commission business. able of their product.-DeLand Rec
. .' ',' \\jitrogenous' manure. Scatter' wood Three bulletins were issued? and Di' One of,the Michigan local horticul. ord. "



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:

..:-1897."'I ..' .: ,. 1OT FLORIDA' PABMEB AND FRUIT-GBOWXB.
395


very few command: outside quotations. TaE
flarkets. There i is a demand for fancy Boston

.. ... plums, but the receipts are green or otherwise -
-... .. ... FIRST
inferior and such move slowly, NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

JACKSONVILLE: FLA. June 18, 1897. at comparatively rates. Others are
dragging. ,
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. Pineapples.-Indian river, reds, standard lAOKSONV.I LE.

t Corrected Bro*. M crates 24s 2.75 to 3.00; 30s 2.50; 36s The Oldest
These are average gist Extra choice 8.00 to 2.25; other sections per 100 4.00 to National Bank in the State.
f tots fetch prices .ove top quotations,while poor 2.00; Porto Ricos, each 25 to 50. CHARTERED
lotsselllower. 1874.
Pines (wanted).......Standard crate 2.00 Melons.Watermelons, Florida good CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.
Peaches........ ....... ....carrier: 50 1 to choice, per car 175.00 to 225.00; medium BJ'conservative: ,yet liberal methods,this bank baa achieved the
Lemons, Messina............... box I.zsto3.so to Ja 100 15.00 strength aDd ability aU legitimate demands. highest'reputation for solidity
Pe< dried, .........bu 1.25 to 16,00; mnsk- We bur and aeu foreign and domestic exchange on the
nuts ..... melons Florida barrel crate 1.50 drafts OD au parts or the world. most favorable terms drawing
PP' ,best brand ........ 04 to. .05 per to our own
Cabbage.Florida.................... in demand 3.50;per basket, 1.00 to 2.00. We invite a visit or correspondence: ,looking toward business relations
Potatoes,New....... ........bbl 300103.25 Peaches Florida choice rayon.hall at aU times receive Intelligent and careful attentioD assuring you that your
Onion. Fla.............. .... per carrier, JAMES
M.
Peas,black eye; ,...........bushel 2.50 to 3.00; Georgia, early sorts 1.50 to SCHUMACHER R. C. COOLEy
M brown-eye.....!.:...........bu 2.50; South Carolina 1.50 to 2.50; North President.
.. day" .?............. ....,bu h Carolina 1.50 to 3.00. Cashier.
Wfcippoorwttl..............bu Safe Deposit Boxes
44 Bed]Blppers..... .........bu Plums.-Usual quality. 1.50 to 2.25; For Rent.
1 I$...........__ ................dox .111 wild goose, 1.75 to 2.25; Chickasaw per

4-till case, 1.00 to 1.25, per. carrier 1.50 to Bradley Rcd tcld. =
Eugene B.
VEGETABLES: AND POULTRY. 2.00. RedJleM.

Corrected by Dais & Robinson- Pears.-Le Conte Florida, small to QUICK WORK ESTABLISHED iSjI.

Yellow Tarns, ....................buah 5011 medium, J per barrel, 2.50 to 4.00. REDFIELD & SON,
Sweet Potatoes. .......... .......... .40 to ..50Hubbardsquash Vegetables.-Florida tomatoes in In wiling and paying for Fruit and Vegetables
................bbl I.SO are snipped to us is our motto. wit- Commission
Lettuce; ......,.....,......._.das -15 M very heavy supply; most sales at about GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS Merchants
Celery.! Florid ......... ........-. .15 to .25 1.00; common stock ranging lower and FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER '
8fg Plants .:.................. bbl 1.50102.50 only a fancy lots BUY OURSELVES. They are protected AHD-
ToBUtoes, ...................!glutted exceptionally bring by our 40 yean experience without default-
Sweet. bu I.oo I \l ing a shade more; Mississippi stock plenty ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing Fruit Auctioneers
............ .. I and lower. and
Green Bean. .... crate 25C to 35C Squash-Florida, marrow, financial stability which any bank or
Pumpkin*. ................... each .05 to .10 barrel crate 1.25 to 1.50. merchant having mercantile report can.Teriythen 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
j ,
per Tomatoes-
,Kerabaw, .... ..... ..........each .03 to .10 ] try us-WE BELIEVE OUR We handle all kinds of
Parsley, ......._..per dose bunches ao demand Mississippi, per fiat case 65 to 75; Florida METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send Fruits sad Vegetables,
'Oreen onions,.....per dox. bunches .15 to .25 fancy, 1.00 to 112; fair to good 75 to 87. your name for our quotation Stencil and either at private sale(which has heretofore been
Pepper,hot.................bushel .75 t9tPhiladelphia cards free. Letters promptly answered. our custom)or by the auction system (
Sage weU cured,............;......lb .25 added to our business) recently
Hens..... -..-.-.."...>.,.._.... 251030Rooster Market. as you may desire.
*...................._...... .:.20Hftlf.gmwn FRENCH & CO.,
....-...-.... ..... .j While the arrivals of Florida pineap- -
Turkeys, .......-.per pound gross .12)4 ples"have been liberal, the market has 116 Warren St., New York.
Ducks._...._.....;..,_....... 25 to .40 kept well cleaned and is now quite TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL AT
Geese ............................. ,.25 to .30 up ESTABLISHED 1855.
Leeks ............per dox bunches. .15 firm and prices a shade higher, with ev
Radishes, ,.................per dot no demand;. Cucumber,...... ............. bbl. r.so and for this reason we now advise regular
....... .
Spinach .perbuahel'
.7 s
Cabbage, Florida. .................. i.ootoi.as shipments, believing that they will OCTOBER 31.
,Baltifr. ..........per dozen bunches .25 'net you satisfactory results. Peaches inaugurated first by a Catholic priest, .
Cauliflower........>............per bbl 3 00 j from Florida, Georgia, South Carolina Father Ralfenstein; some of its institu The building and grounds ,of the
Green peas, ..... ............ crate i.ootoi.H. tions doing business :
Tun Jl.......................bUDch no demanFlorid.ey.S.pound and North Carolina are becoming more the millions. to-day, reaching in i Tennessee Centennial in numbers and
section .10 ]plentiful, but as the demand is improving None has ever been known ,
................ to fail. architectural
New Potatoes .barrel 2.00 to z 5) i prices are well sustained, most arrivals beauty,surpass Atlanta's
Strawberries. ..... ..:......... ,o8 to. ..10AlP&I'IIUI. I would also like to ask readers of the ,
.....................mart 10 to 12-" are of poor or medium quality; RUBALIST and nearly equal Chicago's. The 'exhibits
Squash .??.,...,.............crate .25 anything fancy would sell at higher pric to organize, like we have done ,
Melon ,..,.,....,. per 100 10.00to IS 00 i es. North Carolina blackberries are here in San Antonio, and join all in one are all ready, and are interesting
Cantaloupe. ". ...............bbl. 2.25102.50 ,moving better at improved prices. North common effort to bring railroads to and instructive. The live
stock
...... I Carolina huckleberries in light supply terms. .
,New York Market 'and wanted at full prices. Florida watermelons The RURALIST is fighting under the display excels any exhibition of the

I are in liberal supply but mov right colors. Keep on ; you will hear I kind ever made.
NEW YofcK, June 14, 1897. : j ing slow; the weather man is against more from us by and by. Your' articlesare

Potatoea.- I them. Tomatoes of choice quality meet greatly relished here.Respectfully The'1tlidway is great.

Receipts today 20,255 bbls., including with ready sale,but inferior stock is dull. yours, The Western and Atlantic Railroad,
15,850.bb1l. Southern new. Although the New: potatoes are wanted at full prices BERNARD JDSTEN. and the Nashville
arrivals of Southern new are very heavy i and the market is bound to hold good, so Chattanooga and
today, the largest so far this season, the market desirable quality holds up remarkably ] half to two-thirds: grown; let them to agricultural credit banks than i is trains with Pullman's finest
well a comparatively small stay' in the gronnd until full grown and given in the March RUBALIST. We sleepingcars

part:of the receipts is choice early Rose, well matured; take advantage of a good would suggest to our correspondent to from Atlanta to Nashville.
and for such pnces have been a shade I thing.Peaches. communicate with such institutions in

higher than ,at the close of last week. ,'Florida, Ga., 8. C. and N.C., Germany, where they are in successful Do not be imposed upon, but be

Fancy marks of Norfolk and North Carolina >as'to quality per carrier, 1.50 to 3.50; operation. Capital is making investment sure that your ticket reads by The
stock, and the beat of the Charles pineapples, Florida, reds, .05 to.12; Florida where it is perfectly safe at very low '
ton receipts were placed readily as high Egyptian Queens, .06 to .15; FloridaPortoRl l rates of interest. The joint liability of a I WESTERN AND ATLANTIC R.R.,
as $4; exceptional quality was strained ((), .25 to.50; watermelons, Flor large number creditable persons snould
even a shade higher in instances. Avery ida, per hundred,12.00 to 30.00; musk- afford that safety, and the loaning of AND THE NASHVILLE, CHAT-

considerable part of the melons, per basket, 1.25 to 2.25; plums, small sums for legitimate purposes, with TANOOGA AND ST. LOUIS
however, is not welt culled and show Florida and Ga., per carrier, 1.50 to 3.00; adequate security, should make the capital R'Y.,

medium to small and for such the tomatoes, Florida, choice to fancy, per of the bank safe., The RUBALIST between Atlanta and Nashville.,
prices.rangQ from 3.00to 3.50as to grade. carrier, 1.25 to 1.50; ordinary and defective would be glad of any information on the

,A'very large tart of the supply' today ,per carrier, .'15 to 1.00; cucumbers, subject.No For sleeping car berths, or any information
consists of Chili Reds from North Carolina Florida, per crate or basket .60 to 1.00; more prosperous colonies in Florida ,
,, for which the demand quiet and Charleston and Savannah, per basket, .75 than those of San Antonio and its vicin about rates, hotel or boarding -

prices weak and irregular; rare sales to 1.50; squash Southern, per basket, ity. They are industrious, economical house accommodations in Nashville
were made a shade above quotation, but[ 1.75 to 1.00; eggcflants, Florida per half intelligent and persevering, and are a call 'write
or to
leaven in
Florida's industrial upon
V3.0p was for barrel 1.50 receipts progress
; practically top any wholesale ) ;/ ; peppers, '
business. Old potatoes are in good 11 light, per carrier 1.50 to 2.00; new potatoes that is being felt more and more. The C. E. HARMAN,
!demand and firm. Norf. and N. C. Rose, prime selected Rose; 4.00 to 4.25; RURALIST appreciates the kind words of
choice, 3.75 to 4.00; fair to good, 3.00 to reds 3.50 to 4.00; medium, 3.00 to 3.75: approval and commends the advice of General Passenger Agt., Atlanta: Ga.

3.50; Chili, 2.50 to 3.00; Charleston and 11 seconds and culls, 1.50 to 2.75; New Or our correspondentSOuthern. SPECIAL N OTICE.-The round trip

Savannah rose prime, 3.50 to 4.00; Chili i, ]leans 3.00 to 3.50; new onions, Florida, .ieiTesting rates to Nashville are cheaper than

3.00 to 1.25; Southern new, No. 2 to 3, per bbl, 4.50 to 6.00; New Orleans, 3.50 Seeds. staying at home.
1.75 to 2.09. to 4.00 persack, 1.40 to 1.65. Professor Green in a manual on the
Fruits. REDFIELD & SON. growing of vegetables for home use and I -

Florida I S) I marketing prepared especially for the on a piece of paper the number of
and favoring pineapples the are in large supply Agricultural Credit Banks. classes of the School of Agriculture of seeds put in and the date. Then cover
buyer. There
are 13 the University of Minnesota to take with
of says a second plate. Plenty of air will
cars watermelons today by Savannahsteamer DEAB SIB-Referring to your articleon two plates and in one of them place a get.in between the plates, and the
;previous arrivals are pretty well agricultural banks in & recent issue folded cloth ; woolen flannel is preferable one will prevent evaporation. Common upper
cleaned
up, and there is a little better will say that we are interested in the since it must remain moist for a or
inquiry; the market is firmer, but without plan and would like to learn more aboutit. long time; but any cloth will do. The the newspaper place of cloth nrapping, but-papermay requires much,take

quotable improvement., .Possibly a cloth should be free from dye stuns, since more attention.
car of inm.extra Southern large and fine might bnng"aprem Can you let us know where and of they may contain injurious chemi eels. The plates should be kept in a warm

peaches are showing whom such money could be obtained? Wet the cloth, pressing out the surface atmosphere and if fertile the seeds will
and
xx 'improvement
of a very wide range How are we to proceed? water, leaving it very damp, but not sprout in a short time. The number
prices, according to quality and con The system of such a bank has been in soaked. Place the counted seeds betweenthe sprouting will indicate the proportion of
dition; most of them are quite and existence in since '48 and .
poor Germany was folds, and mark plainly with a pencil. fertile seeds.



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396 .;/DI noBID ,P.u ).ND ',vt'f; : B9P- nmlP':!

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:t 1Mtlfitl" give last year's and the first fourmonths'.reportof ering at, the.new. hive, and are added

Poultry_ .1l4Po r) ; 1." .Ii 'f\- :v..na. fprjiijnself.j LasVyear I the field'workers, ''which were at.the

,rrrr 8.8. DeLAHOY IT?, Apopka,Plan: begs itjanear/ first with tWbfHun red .time ,of removal, in the 'old hive .

.... and eight hens and by November first depositing their gathered stores will
"'" -r .r-for: Profit.A-: ;;: -.- "4- "- tide number was reduced to one hun- leave this when going on their next ..t k

Poultry. drea,:ana sexeh :.keven r when some trip and return alsoto: the old stand" rrr ""
Never 1 having seen anything written' T.h l hens and join;the newly hived s lnn. ,;. / .. I
pullets began' laY \ig. ."r >ese, : young. 1 ,, ,
from:this'part .of' Quth ;;rEloridai eon: paid for all thV feed stuff they ah; the In this);way all,the, working forces, of t.). t
cerning the profitableness, of chicken feed.for brie, horse, ;all thegroceries the old hive are drawn,front the same .

.", raising and having' ,had,a, little,\expefi-, and,some'dry goods for a family of five and added'to the n'ew. The ,objectin
'erice I offer the following" for your for.the year and feed for six. hogs (or turning the'old ,hive one quarter
'readers ? six months. This year I began with way around to ''give ,the returning Shortest, Quickest, Most AttractiveWOUTE

,.I came. from j Ohio fourteen years two hundred'and ,sixty-one ,hens and field-bees ,as little chance as' possible
; ago and settled here at Bartow, Fla., March ,first added twenty-two pul- i to find their old home. After two or BETWEEN ,

and.after, a time gpt-a'.few chickens jn lets. .-I now' have Two ,hundred and, three days, when all the bees have FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
whicKAgot interestei.. .At.:this.tlme i seventy-eight These-have fed themselves again accustomed themselves to the THE *

all I knew about chickens was how ,,,twQ,kQWxPM d,4oJ Je, gro new: home, the oldhive, is' 'gradually Florida' Central and PeninsularNEW
they arid their eggs tasted when! served cenes and. some by the housewife. I, eventually sent ly of Jiye arid s t have twjentyf:, ? t ti K y;dollarsand stand, until aboutthe fifth or sixth dayit ''tHR UGH' ia TES.

and got setting_ of'brown leghorn four ,cents credited to them_ ftlay\ stands, side' and side with the new New York to Jacksonville by
)cgs/''hatched andaided\ ?{sowechicksfrom first. This they have done' and Ire hive. By this time many' young ,bees New andNorthern Florida" Pennsylvania ington, Southern ltd R.,Hallway'to,Wash-, to
which I now", have: two hundred doing: lm :/wholly Upon feed 'stuffs have' ,been hatched, and older ones Columbia, Floridf.- Central &
and seventy-eight hens,, which proveda shipped here'from'other' places, ;with have,become field-bees: so that a strong Air Line. Peninsular points in Florida to all principal
source i of; profit to me oyster;slielis,for grit.. No meatS, animal force is,again flying at' the old hive. Cincinnati to Harriman, JunoCincinnati
The first year or two I lost about' meal, bone, ,or any of ''the'egg These, with some of the younger ones, tion Harriman'by Queen Junction& Crescent to Ashe-,
one-half of the little chicks by improper preparations being used and, with eggs would, if left to their own inclination, Ashevllle,& 1 vile and Columbia by South-
but seldom lose I : bif I form the second swarm ,and would ern Hallway and Florida
feeding now one stlling'at an ,average thirteen end : Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Colum-
". often ,had hens crop-bound for' hre{ one-half cents per dozen. issue about the,,..ninth day after'the j bia to Jacksonville.
or four'ye rs. The' subject of feeding? 1Vithlfleasand licft?conquered and first swarming., To prevent this, the Cincinnati Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Jacksonville to Chattanooga by.-
was where the rub came in. ..PractijI practically no diseases f & J.V31 among 1 chlckrswe old hive.is removed on the morningof and } Southern R'y, to Ever-
I tally I ,)Bought/all! the, feed the ;hens, expect some'day, ''to 'go got and likewise' the grit as I still con| chicken business for profit.-C.iJJ.' The effect is thesame as was caused points.Hausas .
tinne to ,do,, ,thoUgh Jt i this i yea /I am Knellinger. in Bartow Courier-Inform- by'the first removal,' 'every'flying bee City Memphis Kansas City B.B., to Fort Kansas S ott.City&;
trying to raise good,lot! of grain. In .ant."Jl'-i v'P* VV *-* ' Ito Everette, Fla. Central Si
the meantime: jigger flea put in his i The latter,has in the meantime filled Thro' Line Peninsular to all Fla. points.
appearance and his bill, and 0 the its hive, 'or'neailyso, ,. and with this Louis to Jacksonville'by
that' 'from all'of Apiary., reinforcement is in condi tat. Short Line to Du Quoin,
cry for'help arose us good Holly Sp'gg Central to Holly ,
'''as the little fellows would present their Edited,by A.. 'F. BROWN, San Mateo, Fla. tion to 'work in their super. Boxes, lloute., City to,Birmingham Memphis &:,.Sou.Birmingham
bills and take our little chicks to Satisfy or-.sup.ers; must"be" given 'according to J K'y to Everette and F. C.&P.
their claim; while!l we,mortals would How,to, Secure Surplus ;Honey.,i the honey,flow If bees swarm before! Sioux City &Chicago Jack-
h veto scratch lively to keep them ''The fact that bees'are"i in 'the right the flow .begins'we.need not be many Holly Sp'gs}sonville.Sp' K.Ill.C. M.Cent.&: B.to to Holly BirminghamBou.Itp -
fiom'takingus.; All"softs of nostrums condition 'to ,'swarm. ''and do swarm hurry but if f during the flow, supers Route to Ever'
ette and the F;C. &P..;,
'
'were1 recommended' and money freely when they are in prime condition.to should be supplied'a'day,.. or two' rhiving. Louis'ille &Nashllle to Ill ye
'spe'nt' while the odors that arose from work in boxes, has for the last decadeor .' New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
To route, with through sleepers
the poultry runs were indeed ,very.various two'induced beekeepers to study Another sure, way of getting surplus Jack o'vll1e }between New Orleans and
and"the, poultry l .man's, temper up'and'invent'some m'eans'' by 'which honey is to hive ,two or three swarms Jacksonville *
not a little disturbed to seethe. little this annoying feature of swarming together. The object is to :crowd tHe : Florida The F.running C. & P.through has 700 tho miles of 'track. In

., '.:fellows'dive into: the sand until the might, be prevented. In this they hive with bees: They are.more'apt to Tobacco Stock Btm farming n a, and Dairy, faction. ,,
storm was over and then come again have been only partially successful.). work 'in,boxes? arid make, more honey 'Peach and Strawberry'Land,
:with :whetted:bills seeking him who The different means which' are employed proportionately than they would Orange,Phosphate,Banana.Melt and Pineapple Country. .
had, disturbed ,them in ,their,billing 'by.'oil? leading apiarists to'accomplish hived in two or,three separate hives. Hat, 'the Silver I Spring'and
expedition. In this state of affairs the. this ,object have: many ''draw Most all nonprofessional beekeepersare The Great Hunting'OtllwFbM'8deftWJ1.Country.
little fellows were about to get the best: backs. ;I. think the, majority ,have impressed with the idea 'that ,the Beaches the Noted FlthlngGround.
Has the best lands for, tillage, greatest.variety
of me and,my money, and I concluded come to the conclusion that to let the more swarms they,have the morehoney of soils in the State,and above all
; to get better acquainted with them. He bees'swarrri naturally,'but restrict themto they are' likely,'to get, ,consequently I Runs over the Central!' Ridgeland
is indeed social little fellow and 'brie. swarm from each hive,' is 'the theY. hive'everything that comes alongin 'Where It Is High and Healthy
Prosperous towns fill Its route and it offers
'sticks '''tighter than a brother. As a most;profitable. separate hives. This is a mistake the best freight facilities for any produce to
'
s result of study of ray little'foe: ; :I'wentto I am'greatly in favor of and practice unless increase ''is desired i it takes the Send Northern also for markets.the best map!Florida, ,(sent
building differently, for.he\had fold the natural swarming-method, for, more appliances, '''makes more' work free)'and noto,the A.O towns.MjLODONELL on its route.,GPA'
me of his likes and dislikes, arid I 'reason that no managementaccording and turns put less ,honey. Jacksonville,'1&_.
built 'according to his dislikes,' from .to my experiencewill;: : inspire'.bees ,But this second plan of managing -'

which} cause, he became, melancholy with the'energy and zeal'that a young, young swarms has.a drawback. Where The Fla Cent &; Peninsular R.i R,
', arid'left or died, and'for the past four natural swarm displays after being only, ,a few swarms are kept, they i ,
'years' the flea has not cost the one cent hived. hardly ever ,swarm at the same. time Offers to ,Shippers

,' nor one moment's time to combat him. The way"I have managed .ray- bees or even; within.a. day ,or two, of <<;one The shortest' and ,QuickestBETWEEN Route
Lice also.camethick and fast and' of lateyears'to), some_ : extent I can:re- another. It is not safe to hive one ,
claimed their !'portion of chicken. I om;nenq.to, the farmer beekeeper ,as today and then try to add another after -FLORIDA; AND ALL POINTS IN

had several splendid tonics that would perfectly' practicable. It is very simpl days, ,have elapsed. Many bees, 'THE EAST AND WiEST1.:
t tone"them down'immediatelgbt'itthey\ /a 'reduces,the chance 'being \f f not, ;all. will be,killed. They must, With Improved Ventilated,Cars,this,.com
cost ''money and 'took time to apply stung, ,the horror of'most people l to an be hivedtogether to,have them, uniteon pany' is better equipped .than"' verever: to
handle the Orange and Vegetable 'Chips\ and
.. ,
fthera,thus" lessening'the'profl t. By a exception YKpJeijit,prevents second, peaceable terms. Under these insure close connections and prompt despatchto
similar study and 'experiment I have and third swarming ajmos entirely; it circumstances the'first'' method is pre all Eastern and oars Western to Markets. .

-notbeen..caUed..upon..to'rescuemy. also 'insures.,a.,fair. ,crop ,of" surplus ferable;, ;Qui.if. quite a 'number are Through change or delay.destilldtionwith.out
hens (rem 'their feasting upon them honey. I I p' *. kept, so that one.or more swarms issue Perishable freight followed by' wire and
this do I believe there-are As the .swarm has another shippers advised time passing various Junction -
yeir, nor soon as ; young daily or }wjthiniajday; cf tune points and arrival at desUl atott.
.t., enough lice'upon the I 'place to make left: its liive "remove the latter'to' a they,can be easily hived. together.; All claims for overcharges' 'and loss promptly -
':I b ialF'a'doien hens uncomfortable. location;'five o; six'.feet ,back .of [the The first one of every tw6 that, are to adjusted.that '.
WVU.fdr: ; ; diseases :i(little: ,roup:!is all old stand, and ,turn,it one quarter way, be united has:to be hived temporarily via See F. C. &' 'P..B.your,. R goods. are"'marked
-: -that I know that bothers my chickens.. around; place the,new hive.on :ihe'old in a box, nail-keg or most any receptacle For information on or address:the undersigned -
From my experience here ,and from stand, after/the'your/g; stoarm has and retained there until the next C. E.TAYLOBTrav.A'gt.OcalaFl: *.
', "die study of, poultry 'papers 'I1'do not'' clustered, Kive it.in. ,the'usualway:; };;, swarm: has issued and'is'' being hived, W. B. TUCKER,Gen.AVt;Orlando Fla.
,,',:believe; ,', chickens can be raised While the.young'swarm .is, clusteringall when the first can be dumped nght O..M.R.HOLDEN FULLER,,Tray.Trav A'A Rt't.1'ampa Leesbur&fiaW. Fla.

I, ,any.., ,easier than here. As to., the'flying,bees which ,were.'aMhe onto.the. second,Farm, and. Firesides Or N.S.PENNINQTON'J' Jacksonville,Traffic llanager,Fla. ,
the profitableness of poultry.iIwill': ',time. of swarming,in the 'field are gath i ; >4.i .Ui-!.; .J"jrl: ''!.i .-; W'.;H.'PLFASANT$ UenOralll'relt1 A.v .



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f.; .:,:.398. ., } ,:.. THE,'JLOB1D1 FAKMER AND FBtJlTMSROWEB. JUNE 19,
",' '
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"*--"<* **
( Books for Fanciers.. THIRTY THOUSAND NURSERY TREES In.
a INSECTIQIDES. eluding Seedling Grapefruts yean old. .
BOOK; OF THE: Doo.-We have received Also Hart',and ValeudA Late Dancy Tangerines -
..::; -0' f. :- ;:i ; from the Associated Fanciers', 237 South Budded Grapefruit, 'Grapefruit Eureka
Lemon, and few
a Seedless Parson
Protect Your Crops. Fake Your Own Insecticides Eighth Street, Philadelphia, a copy of Brown's and Enterprise Seedless All,buds oa
;; i th sir Dug Buyers' Guide. It contains! a Grapefruit stock 5 years old. Buds grown to
> at a Very SmallCost.'J I finely executed colored frontispiece; stakes. Trees very fine and sure to please, bothas
to quality and pnce. Write us. BOWYJUt.It
." V well drawn engravings of nearly every STEPHENS; Lakeland. Fla.
;j Ammonia Water, 26 degrees, in 7-pound bottles, $1 each. breed of dog, and all kinds of dog furnishing CAYENNE
,
= CHARLOTTE ROTHS.
g White Arsenic, 10 cants a pound, ". -; _; goods. We should judge that SMOOTH chi\d. and Golden Queen Pineapple

f Carbonate of Ammonia, 15 cents pound. ':'. V ; the book cost to produce a great deal Plants,for sale at Modelo Park Pinery. Quality
'"
$ Carbonate of Soda. pound packages, 20,cents package.;:. ': more than the asked-15 cents- unsurpassed. Address ORLANDO GRAPE
pnce a FR UIT CO.,C. S.VanHoutea,Orlando,Fla.
:J ,
<< Carbon Bi Sulphide, pound tins, 25 c nta'apQurid.. : and would advise all our readers who 6512.

.: Caustic Soda, 50 pound cans, 7} cents a pound.f are interested in dogs to send for the
f/ Copper Carbonate, single pounds, 40 cents a pound. book. You Should See

I Copper Sulphate, 10-pound packages, 70 cents a package.QuickLime Those 3.000 two year King buds on 4 and 6year

per barrel, 90 centsLondon stocks. The most profitable orange grown.d
< A BOOK ON POULTRy.-Containing 100 c. W. FOX, Villa Lake Nurseries,
Purple
25 cents.
| pound
; per Park, Fla.SATSUMA. 6-s .
Naphthaline. 10-pouna packages, per pound, 8 cents. ,; pages, a beautiful lithographic plate of a
of different fowls in natural colors TREES and Budwood. Buds tl.oo;
Paris Green 80 cents. I group ,
pound :
per ;,,4: 't< by Mall. $Saopet thousand by
of all kind of land and water
engravings
Potassium Sulphide, pound 89 cents. Express. GLEN ST. MARY NURSERY COM-
Pyrethrum Insect Powder, bt,32 cents pound. poultry, descriptions of the breeds, plansfor : PANY,Glen St Mary. Fla.

Rosin, $2 a barrel poultry houses, how to manage an In- .
cubator all about and the. Fine Nursery Stock.For .
canonizing
Sulphur,50-pound :packages, 8 cents a pound. ,
value of the different I breeds and where next 60 days will sell Fine Citrus Nursery
|, Tobacco Dust, barrels, 3 cents, samll lots 4 cents a pound. to
j Stock at large difcounL Send for price list.
.( Tobacco Stems, 50-pound packages, H cents a pound. buy eggs from the best stock at $ rears LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland Park,
13 will be mailed to of VILA
any our 6-s-tf.
.These prices are for quantities as mentioned herein. For larger quantities
I
for 15 cents the ASSOCI .
please write for special quotations. We'are pleased at all times to furnish you for- by addressing !T Bull Terriers for sale a
FANCIERS 237 South PhIl- THOROUGHBRED
Street
mulas and give all necessary information for making Insecticides. Eighth ,one in whelp by my dog
.
... adelphia, Pa. Fritz 1 pure white eligible to registry. Ad-
dress, R. B. BULL,Bradfordville,Fla.
R. J. MARTINEZ s-t1-6.

.1 A BOOK ON CA.sE: BIRDS.-Containing 500,000 Pineapple Plants; from fj per M,
over 150 engravings and a lithographicplate to variety. All orders large or
SUCCESSOR, TO'tI. C. Il'BfiGIiH. showing all the different kinds of small given careful attention. JAMES HOLMES,

P. O. BOX 89, -' JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Fancy Canaries in their natural colors, Jenson, Indian River,Fla. 5-s "tt.
-
**- full information in to andfancy
regard song I Have Them.
Canaries, and how to breed them 40,000 fine Orange and Pomelo Buds on 4, sand
WINTER HAVEN NURSERIES for profit. Hints on the treatment and 6 year stocks I want to sell )oooo In next

breeding of all kinds of cage birds, with 60 days,by discount. VILLA LAKE NURSERIES
iftOffer PrulUand Part FJ .. 6-s-tf
of their diseases and the
their Fine Stock of CITRUS TREES at Reduced Prices. remedies needed to cure them. All PR JUNE PLANTING. 10,000 Budded Or.
ange. Lemon and Grape Fruit Trees; free
JE about Parrots and how to teach them to from all diseases and faucets. "White fly" has

:Parson Brown! Ruby,Amory, Jaffa Bloods, St Michael, Jaffa, Wash. Navels, talk. Instructions for building and never times.been MAGNOLIA in this section.NURSERIES Prices to Belleview suit the,

Tardiff, Dancy, King Tangerines, Villa Franca Lemon& stocking an aviary. The mo tcompletebook Marion Co., Fla. F.D.Waite. Manager.

[ Marsh Seedless Thornless'Silver Cluster Pomelos. of.the kind ever published, irres-
Triumph, PLANTS, Schnadelbach's
.- ., pective of price. Mailed to any addresson STRAWBERRY

..* At $25 per 100, f. of%. ; 10 per cent off on 500 lots. receipt of 15 centS bI the Associated JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.' Nnnans Grand, per Bay 1,000 Ala.fj.oo.

Fanciers 237 South Eighth Street, Phil-
fAll trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1} inch diameter. Buds adelphia, Pa. IRRIGATED GROVE, 100 acres 10 years set in

4}'too feet high,first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name. -.1. For Orange sale at a ;sacrifice.50 in other Address fruit trees"F,", The etc.

|' Address, RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, Fla. A strong, vigorous pig, from strong, Palms 4-r -31D.,Lane Park, Lake County,Fla.

vigorous parents, well ted and nourished,
but not over-fed, from birth to time of FRUIT BRANDIES AND WINES FOR

farrowing, is reasonably sure to make a list and,fromSs to'I per gallon. Send for price-
fH.
'tHE samples to J. LAMONTAGN
LAKELAND NURSERIES. profitable brood sow. There's no "luck" Winter Park Fla.

growing such a sow. She is the resultof FOR HATCHING LIGHT BRA-

the same knowledge, care and fore- EGGS and Plymouth Rocks bred for utility.
: sight that makes any business a success 1.00 per 13. Mas.. GOMPERT8
WE.MAKE A SPECIALTY,OF SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES. Lady Lake. Fla.t .
under conditions.
MARSH POMELO. (Seedless); JOPPA LATE ORANGE (Seediest), TAHITI UMB (Seedless), ordinary The farmer
who wants the best results must begin NURSERY TREES Reduced Pri<*..-
SATSUMA ORANGE (Seedless), EUREKA LEflON (Seedless). with the pig and feed for health bone to close out our surplus stock of
,
trees,we will greatly reduce: prices on all leading
!\ C. .M. M7 RSHi PR PRI6T R. and muscle."CENTAWORD". varieties. Send in your orders early.
W. K. TRIMBLE.
:ORANGE, LEMON, LIME AND POMELO TREES. 2-20-tf Braldentown, Fla.
COL UMN.IA .
'," Send for Descriptive Catalogue. LAKELAND, FLA. UDWOOD FOR SPRING BUDDING.
.-Twenty words, name and address, All leading varieties ale at (4 per 1,000.
Centennial, Homosassa, Nonpariel and Majorcaare
one week 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. Nothing
$S per 1.000. Satsuma, Tangerine Parson
-J' taken for less than cents.
But..manunng is not to be resorted to Farm Notes. Advertisements for this 15 column MUST be pre- Brown,Duroi Blood. Amory BloOOl Ruby Blood
and Pomelos are $8 per nr. Boone's
Io the land of cane and cotton paid.
except on naturally sterile land, or In the winter blooms the Early, Pineapple and Marsh's Seedless are$1.50
rose Send no stamps larger than two cents.
per z buds warranted free from all insect
where. a few trees stand from necessity What When I wonder sweet Flora Is the blossoms spring-time throws Initials and figures count as one word. pests tuff bearing trees.
W. K TRIMBLE,
in grass. Good cultivation is Over When garden Cape, vale Jasmine and yields woodland perfume f EVAPORATE YOUR FRUIT-The U. 8. a-20-tf Braldentown Fla.Don't .

What la then the land of cotton Drier Is one of the neatest
cheaper and more efficient; and if,any When the fruit trees are in bloom 1 most useful little Implements about the You ForgetTo

.c owner wishes to see the contrast between -Farm and Ranch. house. Does the work without cost while send for price list of all the leading varieties i
are using the stove for other
you :
the effects of ;a 'mellow -and Will not the Mississippi flood fertilize Sent with this paper for one year purposes.for&tf Discounts of Citrus according Trees oa to sue 4,5 and of orders.6 year stocks.C. W.

clean soil, and a 'grass sod, he will the land it has overflowed, giving an Address the editor, Box 5:4,Jacksonville, Fla. FOX Villa LakeNureeries, Fruttland Park, Pla.

obtain valuable and interesting information equivalent for the damage it baa done? A PEW OP MY IMPERIAL GRAPE FRUIT 6-5-tf.
We know of some very deep soils from buds for sale, free by mail at sixty cents
GRASS P ASP ALUII PLA-
.:-.: by trying the experiment a hundred. Kd Keuka LOUISIANA (
: river overflows, giving immense crops of; per Rumley. Lake' Fla- ) grass for lawns and permanent
:
small way with both modes of treatment com. M9-6 pastures. Sets,=r.5o per tcoo, by express; jj
will shoots cents per hundred,postage paid a[.P.Powus,
-one give thrifty twofeet Commercial fertilizers should be very Fla.'fOR .
1OS UITO PARALYZBR does the work. Lawtey.
or more in length, the other thoroughly and evenly distributed thrughthe ill. Price, post paid, 250 and '1. Seminole Co., EXCHANGE. BUDDED

puny or feeble twigs of only a few soil where the roots of plants or trees Daytona,Fla. 6-12-8 trees and budwood-In exchange CITRUS for pore
will reach it in proper proportions.Look << blooded Plymouth Rocks and Brown Leghorn
; inches. well to.your seed; buy only of Mil SALE-Smooth Cayenne and Abbaka fowls. F. D. WAITE Belleview. Fla. 2-13-U
Land who toplant Suckers and Slips. St. Petersburg Pineap-
owners are preparing reliable seedsmen. Seeds that are from ple Co.,St. Petersburg, Fla. -12-15 IHOBOUGH-BRED MAMMOTH LIGHT
peach orchards early next spring one-fourth to three-fourths infertile, are J. Brahma Cockerels and Pallets $r.oo to a co.

maj;profitably make provision during dear at any price. VELVET BEANS FOR SALE,carefully shelled winners.Plymouth Rock Pallets, $Mas.r.oo each.GOMPERT8.Prom priie
and cleaned. Very fine and
quality, large
Prices for farm stock are now good and 6
the.present autumn by preparing the sound. Apply to Miller & Boucher Orlando, mos Lady Lake,Pla.SALE .
be better.
to The
soil mellow culture and avoid- promise .more stock Florida. 6-12-6 Two Leon
: for by the richer the soil FOR county farms 480 acres
,i 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
ingthe; mistake which some make of Moisture in the land cannot escape THOROUGHBRED FOX HOUNDS FOR Eats tobacco growing. W.B. Oarkson,Jacksonville.

setting the trees in sod. The differ- through dust. Keep the surface pulverized pups. Sired by "JACK," a fine Fla. I-q-t f
Birdsong dog out of "PATSY" a Red Bone Bitch.
ence between the two modes will be by frequent shallow turning ol the Address R. B. Bull, Bradfordrttlc. Fla. 6rssTOR NURSERY TREE8.-CARNEY. PARSON

enough after :become bearing soil: ,Grape Fruit bedded low oa
plain! they Arizona is in the sugar-beet zone and sour stock,at very" reasonable prices.
-the will SALE-A lot ofrseedling Pomelos butts 6 mos C. GOMPERT8 .
.trees one give large, ; Lake Ela.
should become famous for the productionof JP averaging about half to three-qurter inches
brilliant, rich, high.flavored peaches beet sugar. indiameter,also Queen and Abbaka Pine slips.A. HART'S and LAT Bods.AND Write PARSON for prices.BROWN do.I .

'; in abundance; the other few, small, J.ALDRICH Orlando Fl*. 5'15I 23| tf W.JL MANN lUnaTffle,PIa.WRITE .

badly ripened specimens,. ,and of If1ou'breed large heavy fowls have the SSPANISH PEANUTS for seed.|i per bushel. TO W. 0. TILGHHAK. PA-
second quality in flavor. ,. BRADT. Huntington, Fla. Fla.,aDd learn how to Que your
(; roosts low.
stock to come either aa yon wish 3-1t-16


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S1i.-t Hted'3 Sailing. ;;Dates'for\Marchfl897'[ \-\ .: ': ,!...!,' :'!)'--=: ;i _y.yc ., :: :1i I. : :: .: .

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La Grandeee..i.q..H<< .... .-tt..;.. ...i is..r, ............i:.. :.. Saturday May 18 l0 OII
I TaUahassee;.T.,..... '.#................::. :..:: ". .... ......-....!' ..:..Tuesd ; lay,13
$; .Kansas Cltyki: ; ..........!.:z p.......::..:::.:". :.iXt. ..: ..*..,,! '. ........... .".:..ThursdayJMay'zot. y. J'i k'
Citr of BlniKogham..!... :. :....,..,... .:!l....:.u..t.: .... ...,.,.,.,_.........Saturday May 21 '
La randsd1eae.! ....!..:f"... *>*j-.i ..-.......!..... ..L............v..Tuesday May 75 :, :1
TallahaMe/.l.f-;.., ...j' : .' ... /:..Thursday"May 27
11'K.; .....-. ..ttr. yl"......:.......*.....g.N...?.l::....:.:.;..:. f#' ="....:..:."..'J'...::.Saturday, May 29 '. ,
r i G.H SORR ILV Manager;New Pier No.:35(North River.,


"'" .. Iig.TO, <:TOE Wharf.SAVANNAH.Lewla'r -3" P! M. u, .. .. ..' .. SAFFAF1 Y] COMFORT1QUIC1i y, \IIDiI L.OW lUTE JPln J\!\

Ckat aJ oo h-, __ "".)', h ::.'1riI.t i.}..!.,:... ".. ..................*... Thursday May6 5VT fe ** $ ** I --*{ ,* -** n -
J' ;Nacooehee"-.*,....i-.i- : ,,.......?...............f.....!..,............S....Thursday. May u .e Cuisine and Service No Transfers JBeiween Ja &.ontriK0 and New York
.GiMlttAhooehee.:....... ....,!.:.:.,............:.... .......-.. ,..................Thursday. May,* k r
Nacooch66., :....'.,...'......:.........-.......:.....1................... ..... ........Thursday-May :
#t-* .i RICHARDSON &BARNARD, Agent Lewis's Wharf. .

PHILADELPHIA! 'TO SAVANNAH. (Direct.)) -' Steamer. ; i ( ), Ie I '

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.ler.18, foot Spruce Street- 3_P. M. t .
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K lif- \ r. -
Gate' Ci ..i.; ... ...:..!. ..-.. ....f.... ......::.. ........t.u.r..,..,.,u.WedneadayMapS ;' joIIIJOIC't. i _. :'.. -. : I ".
Clt,of .:_';.!..f'1'::.;'. _.:... ................:f....}.....:..:!....-..........Monday.May ,rSaturday.May ,c. .
Sate Clty.-. ;.. .,":. .., ....... .. .:. ............. ',.!.." ..........;...',....,.... ;oa I, N k'OU: N D.
CltJ' otll, '; !.!.",." '.J}:::...n.' .....,.. ..! .-h.... 1...,. '..,.,\.Thut14ay.! .}day ': :. '.r'... :...,. ... .
Gat ....v.: .:....-....:; ............ ......:....!..!...!.....,...:.. .i:.:.. Tuesday May 20 2S :>'" Steamers are ar-pomted to sail according toHhe tide.
City..of n:1..c., .....:....:..:...::...!:.::!..Sun y. Mayo '
,II- M A C: !HfiMMOND.: Agent, Pier iSr foot Spruce: Street .' From SOIYIUJ H it.\<"; 1 !af.Charleston-. ) ..... -"-.SundayfTuesday9andThnndaji.. ,.,.,
"
f., ;$AYANNAHITO'NEW'bYORK.. :.: ,..r- EromCHARLESTOK!. C.,' -*.:..;*..*.,j"...........,.....iie....... .......... Mondays. Wednesdays' and Friday" ...:<

i" ( : .' "For hours of sailing see' "Clyde Line"Schedule' "of"*.Jacksonville...' and Charleston daily papersSOUTH -
-
La GrandejfcBchesseSunday.' : May a;:.ao am, City of B1rui.g1 'm!.....Tuesdiy May.::18;1.00 pm. BOUND ,. '
t..T elday. May La Grande Duchessee.Friday May .21, 10 oo am ... ,; .,, ._
KansasCitipi"v.a: :...- iooo'am! .00-1
i Friday May 7. Tallahassee..SundayMay23'iaco am, -
City of Birffeh'm.Sunday May 9 le oo am Kansas City..H,:..Tuesday May 25 ''300 pm : Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29 East River, New York at 3,p..in.) as follows, :
La Grandapudiease,..Tuesd y May n,&oo pm City Birm'gh'm ..Friday May 28;: 5 oo ant :: '
'Ta .F Hay 1.,5.00 amh.SUnday I I I La Grande_Duchessee.. >....Sunday Mayo 6.00 am: PorCHARlJSTOIS.C., ._.......................................Mondays, Wednesdays andPridayi" '. .

Kansas. May 167.coam For JACKSONVILLE,FU., (calling at Charleston) ........._'''..Mondays, Wednesdays: 'ji'1'and Friday .
. I SAVANNAH/TO: BOSTON._ : .

,VI Central ((90. Meridian) Time-aa .below. ;
NacocclChttta ....-..!. .....Thursday May 6..oopm I I Nacoochee: ,.....Thursday.Mayo; ,.ro pmee. 1 'pSTON A13D.JACKSONVILLE--Direct} Line, [Freight flnlj.]
...*.,,.,Tbursday,May.13,4.00 pm | Cbattahoochee....:. Thursday May. 27,400. pm *

SAVANNAH. TO PHILADELPHIA.. .. p r i N
Central'(((90* 'Meridian).Time-as below. '" ',- ; / STEAMERS 'GEO. W. dYDE!,,AND":'DEI.AWABE"fttft
KICOI1.-.Wednt'Sday May, ,.00 I Gate City .; :, May 7.00 V "* v*"
: pm : ; Thursday 20; pm .
G Cl ..::............MondayMaylol.oopm 'I City of Macon ...Tuesday May as,a.oo pm .. w-3 I Arc,appointed to sail as follows: .
'm."City, of Macon.......;..Saturday May 15 5.00 pm Gate City................Sunday May 3o, 4.copm rom foot of Hogan Street Jacksonville,. From Lewis' Wharf Boston
WALTER HAWKINS.> Fla. 1 W. J.;FARRELL, Sol. Agt.)+ THURSDAYS. ;-' FRIDAYS.
A.Jrac..ksan.irie
Kl ,!T Hl'ftV, ; J. t tP.t .. :: '. .' .
.'. ;!*iiti.. AiNetD;a t'.p.i:, .?..* c; G.ANDERSON,AGENT. ;

,'" ,.............."!..'------ ------_...''''....-.---- --'Savannah.Ga,-- -- -- --r ..... ,, ,-.. .- ."'J; '

<< CliVDE'S' S3: JOflfiSDEBARYLINE. tiVt lTiS
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*: 1Duu. ESTABLISHED 1875. .J., B. SOURS.. .
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? fidt'lILm. 1 BOURS" & CO. Jacksonville, J'aMtkak t Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
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,.:..; I. ,. .?. Landings. on the St. Johns. River.M..... ,

-"! ; The Elegant Iron Side-Whee1 Steamer .
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Garden Seeds and I. -
'Grain Fertilizers >'' d- ',
"f. 'W., "; NA/ELAKA.. '.
., ,, ,. "
j; > ... '"::..; ,<. -. CAPT.W.A.SHAW

r 'fgw8A'! UAITT.' 3AOKMOATVILLVI ..J:1'LA.: Is appointed to tail as follows: .
'
_n 1t l' Lea Jacksonville................................... .........f Tuesdays and Saturdays at 500 p'm.J.eave .
k We :.Tfiaitln.. .. It.'Oily tie Best 'and Most. .Sellable. Seeds. A Oomple Stock of Sanford. ......,.i."..,............!;....... ..'...,................:......Mondays, and Thursdays 500 a.m.-;

If. : 1 '. '.
'
Hay;Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal .
; ,: SOUTHBOUND. .. 0"t SCHKDULK. NORTHBOUND
Read Down. ., Read Up. -..
l:; Cotton:':Seed Heal.. Both Bright and Dark. Leave 33 P- m r ..........................Jacksonville........... ...:...... Arrive 2.001..
** M5P m. ...................... .... Palatka......................,. Leave 8.00 p.m.
3.00 a. m. ._........................ .{ ............. a, J.OOp.m.
.8TAHUGBST8KHL' I M 4-30 a. m ........... ................ St Frauds......................... J.30p.lB.
PURE GROUND BONEYj ..u.i...i.-:......;.<. ..a.i................. Beresford *..........._......... ,1 J2000nOOA
j fc K Arrive 8.ooa m. y.O..u.. .. ,.... Sanford........._...._ """'". :: 9-00 Ie m.
r $ '!81Uti erGo: M NITRATE SODA, 9.25m.. ........'..:.....'.,...ti.,........ 'Enterprise, .................. ....::. 9.30 a.aQeneralPassenger
1 0 ,- ,

Std ka tg..' {ertiIlzerS; MURIATE. ,OF POTASBJL'SIs. : and Ticket Office, 204, West Bay st., Jacksonville-./

:...... .
.WAJULNTK8D .! SULPHATE POTASH
----- W. tt.'W AR URTON.It'' P. A.,'5 Bowling Green f ew York.
H. I n: CLYDE..'AaQstant Traffic Manager,sBowiing Green,New York. .
4Qd ,
:OlJ!! : Vegstable l KAINIT I Etc F. M. IBONMONGEJl, Jr., Florida Passenger: :Agent,204 West Bay& .,Jac aonrRie,11lla! .
; ; r JOHN L. HOWARD Actingnper1nteadent: ; foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla. .
-
t 'THEO. G.: EGER, Manager,_5 Bowling Green, New York.
,TlMMi er W f.r.a haU sperter ta the market,tsA i trial will am nct.iltitilwt '
; .;.. ". .,.,,....'.. WM. .P CLYDE & CO. Qeni .Agents .
!+iatagnt *- 9i- --,!., ,J.. ..... K'l'tf*:. V u.; >',i I. ,,.. ,;
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N" '':"; : I-!, }i.', .".K' .y It-k: .f' ;*x1 .P.ti i t 'f- Y ,* :,Fc Net Yo1t. '
-.i ". ,; =, ... ; -: ;'.: ', .. ': ..: ::" ; 19 South. Delaware Avenue, :rhU&delpbla. 5 BowllEj Qre n, ,

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'4 TH2' FLORIDA. .PJLRMKR,, AND, *'FRUIT OEOwKK.. r .3UNE 191. .. f
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FRUIT;;.m. :MltjriGEIABLE; GROWERS': SUPBLJE; j

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.) ;/ ; i GRADE P : to the .
.::, ,:;' < t ,. '..: .reqaireaeate,,hadChanical condition 10
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; 4'f.i' V-' fitreag bBfee }e,Bags. which'don't rot.

Q ,> V T-rTbe cheapest rand ir.the, qualify in the
<-3, .r : IW'k t.see4.eaI, Tobacco; Stems; Agricul- I

'.J, ;; ; ...... .V.. IL'al- Cheaetds;.Salpharetc. "
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; ,. The l old reliable EUREKA has never been ; 'r V
f .. I"'I ..... .to" : F''': apercedei. It ii death to the, Rust Mite,Red Spider,and the V
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t. "'' fungus. ...._...".., .
Pure, '4';: .toi\.J <4 :,1Q'THE COCCIDICIDEr1 1
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\.\.. tthtt \t: f Tea Spider,.and other Iiweeuaflecliaj',Haeapplei andV tables.-. .

V'V
SPRAY :AMD :GENERAL PURPOSE pu..MPS' 11.

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'Rubber:Host,:No&tles,: ''Miereecepee'etc.' A. great variety of the best makes.. ,at .
Manufacturers'Prices.. h "
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JIGRltullt RA"Li; VIPtEMEN1TS. IMPERIAL ct PLOWS AND:CULHYATOES" if, "

.'- THE BEST MADE.
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'" : E. BEAN Jacksonville Fla. :

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It is the crop that haa the J largest t. margin Swine Notes. the whole winter through. In the good feed and plenty of it k }required .
between the cost and the selling Morton's of siring she farrows six or eight little Next, absolute cleanline from start to
price that has the most profit in it. Secretary the Southern theory crossingon rid. scrawny pigs that are not strong enough finish, coupled with a Ipve for the business ;

Fertilize your cotton and cereal crops hog chblera'eeems razor to be-backto-get badly perforatedby of to stand. She is uneasy, gets up;surveys for we never succeed in what'we do .

.with clover and pea vines that have been.fertilized recent experience in Iowa. J. Van the struggling mass for a moment, then not Pike{i and then a'thorough knowledgeof .,
begins her feast and swallows last all its details. These are the prerequisites -
-I with potash and "phosphoricacid. Meter of,Vanmeter Iowa,getting his cue every ) "'
; does she' do this? Because for '*
pig. Why necesary: success.. :
from the astute secretary sent South and
corn is lower in price and less trouble tofeed'than'mill to milk, cow cnlearycw.
Cut and feed the cow-pea vines' to bought two car loads of common sows, Neverbegin a
stock, and plow in the roots and stubble. and nearly all of them died before he got feed. Or, in other words, are in a good humor. A cow is a very ;
The more stock the more manure. The any.returns. she has bad no other feed but corn for delicate piece of machinery'at"all limei,
manure from the fed. pea vines after four months. Her digestion is poor. but more so at, milking time,'for then *' '";
they have made'batter'or beef la, almost She is feverish and irritable and craves there is some process going.oa in feer te- .
as' valuable'.z (pl w djn'; vines would. Remember straw stack is the most something besides corn.: Her pigs'give ternal machinery that we kno.w very lit;?. :
hare been.. ti. unfavorable:place that can be. providedfor her the first change of diet and. she eats tie about. But what little wMo ka&r.. .
Don 'leave in sick hogs. The essentials in prevention them.-Southern'Cultivator. shows conclusively that the'amoiiBt,of
field bare winter.
a food .. fat in the milk iaa. varkb4e
A ale good pure.water ana clean cream or .
ovwg'otdead pea vines grass, or a be affected the
and by
quantity cow
dry quarters.We may
-crop of.rye or crimson clover.will prevent Dairy Notes.' herself.
waste of fertilizing matter in the soil I I .
; } .;. > .t
A)little bran given.to cows will far-
i an$,furnish a soiling crop for!stock. ; : .can certainly reduce the cost, of ther toward bringing them up'in the go even- The Farmers' Voice, of Chicago, baa

Coleman's Rural:World says the'cow is pork:by reducing the time 'in: which we ,ing, than a |5 dog or.even'two, of them. interviewed a large number o-f eueeewfsl:* ;
a mOat valuable adjunct of the farm; and grow it. A:.200-pound pig well marked farmers to l learn the method by which
those.of,'our .agricultural, brethren who with Jean, is demanded. This can begot National Stockman:, For cows that persist they were enabled. succeed un Hrpre*. /
have' learned -to utilize this valuable ready i in six !months, Often. and :where 'a in kicking we have round'nothing newly the same conditions surrounding
animal are in no danger of a contact with butter dairy is run on the farms; considerably -' better than a strap buckled tightly around the great majority: who hare filled. The
the .berift :greater weight can be produced: i the legs just' above,the' knee, letting the- i replies, almost without exception,, 'embrace i
The owner is often to blame for eows i straps cross between the legs. A neighbor but two element t of?:success, nwseIy i
Director Waters, of the: Missouri Experiment eating! their pigs.. He pens the'.sow up from whom we learned this method feeding the crops to good stock and !.
Station estimates that the manure i inclose(pelf. or bare lots;' throws in a has used it for several years with perfect marketing food products, and marketing i
produced each year bythe'; farm animals small bunch.of. .strawgivessowt; some success. better products better condition/ '

of theiJJnited:...SJat teaXworth.two.. corn, an&'perbaps'water' ,.,morning and ',A real stingy man woman never did ?
;- billions of dollars., ** evening. and. that. ia.all the. "care, .she. gets.,and never can make good butter. first, Too much soft OOd induces dkeaie .
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