Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00129
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 22, 1897
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00129
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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:..;; .Toweri, Editor JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MAY 22, I$gr. Whole No. 1476 NEW" SERiES' .
"fCha.W.DaOoltaBullnellanaler, Vol.1X.' .W o. 21
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: ; t, u1 The Largest Fruit Growers SATSUMA ORANGE :TREES '

:I, HIGHEST.QUALITY'; a Know] &Best Varieties and the .. ...

BEST! flEES: TO PIA !fie I ; .. and BUDWOOD. : :

.: W7'CE3 We shipped more peaches from our own orchards this '
season than all other growers: in this section combinedand ;
made big MONEY at it. \ Our one year old trees of SATSUMA ON TRIFOLIATA now -

: Rill Trees From PRSERMENi (March 25th) in full bloom 'in the Nursery Rows, are very handsome, ... .
and we are now.booking orders for them for summer shipment. Also ':
some on Sweet Stock. '
s S i WJ4O ,

For the first time ,in ,two years we have more SATSUMA BUD.z* .
Everything for the South. WOOD than we need for our own use. Price of buds'$1.00 per-loo :

r :Peach,. Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes, by mail, or $8.oo per 1,000 by express. "No orders- accepted for less =

,. 1. t Nuts: (}Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc. than one-dollar's,' ,worth of buds. [,:"

H. Varieties. A'MILLION and a half tree Over 300 acres. '-*\'
,, {"t.. Jfo BETTER stock to select fro i. None so LARGE : Full descriptive and illustrated Catalogue free on application. ? i
; 'y New Catalogue\ with over 60 Illustrations, 28 New Photographic Views, ,Free onapplication. J-u ,


,.3.-'F&'THE ,GRIPPING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny. G.LfTABER,,President. ',GLEN ST. MARY, FLA. .

> :Successors to w. D. Fla. '"' .
Griffing. A.H.MANVILLE, Secretary. '.
.... .
.. << "

/ :' SEED; :FOR: SUMMER CROPS.' + SEEDS TMRTtttllL GRam! + .,:,-1"

... .,* Pearl. or Cat-Tail. Millet per ft, sec,post-paid. German Millet........2dc:.per. pound,post-paid. -.
.,Amber Cane......to.250.per pound, KaffirCorn............230. "
'"':\B 1''w ,Beggarweed. ...........400. Sunflower ...........-.200.per quart, .. For,Best Seeds at Lowest Prices,write for.my:, List for 1897. :
,Cow, :Feat,. ,Whippoorwill,Clay,Red,Ladyfinger,Wonderful and Black. | r Send for prices. The Largest Stock in the State, and every seed New Crop. r,

.: X' .7eA.11 [E>ROV Seedsirrajtr .>
I handle only the products of Seed Growers of National Reputation, such as,
125 E. Bay'Street, ,JACKSONVILLE, FLA. _, .. .. \
> Henderson, Landreth, Ely, etc. f

:- ,The mil a .keeplot ida Orange Co.,, BURTON K. .,BARRS, JACKSONVILLE. FLA. ,"
; :Q< rr ?>,of;.thirteen.consecutive years. The sfock. is large and Includes the following widelyknown ORANGESi ON TRIFOLIATA STOCKS. .-
,and thoroughly_ approved varieties,. viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown, --..
'" *
r ;".>Bbone'ff Early and Centennial. Jaffa Majorca,Ruby Blood,Stark'a.or Enterprise Seed-
:> :'less;Pineapple, Homosassa,and Tangerine. Tardiff and King,Duncan and Marsh Seed- SATSUMA, PARSON BROWN, TANGERINES, ETC., ETC.
:: ,lew Grapefruit. Seedless.Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior ;
::' ,' ,to the round). Budwood,all'times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor- .
+ + +FIELD ,GROWN ROSES.Including + + + .
': 'i: .respondents. Address all.communications and make all remittances payable toM .

t}Miiwaukee Florida Orange Co.,, the famous "CRIMSON RAMBLER," Marechal Niel, American *.
'r < Beauty, Etc., Etc. Imported Camellia Japonicas. GRAFTED PECANS from "
:. ,..' DUNEDIN" FLA. Choice Stock,Trees,bearing the finest Paper Shell Nuts of large size, and.:General
:-' Line of Fruits Evergreens, Etc. Prompt Attention. Proper Treatment. No. 1
I 1'.GRAFTED: PECANS 4* Stock. The trade supplied. Orders booked now for full shIpment.

: '.From. the'choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and SUMMIT NUH ERIES. D. L.,PIERSON. ,Monticello, FJa. "
; ;, Plums. .Delicious- Celestial" Figs .that bear four months. .. -

\ \Trifoliate stocks one two and three years old. All stock:clean and healthy. Send for inter* The ,
,Meeting catalogue. *::
", X J. H.-G1RARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla. : PRODUCEWe and ?i.'
'- receive and tell,In car loada or smaller iota "
all products of the OAADEN.OBCHARD.'bAIBY. Most
a ;-HEKKEBY- and gABM. Market'BeporU.Seferencga .
{ : ,et&.tree upon application. AddreM ,Complyo8ts6 !
FaRAGEANDCROPS.: : No.611 Liberty Street. PITTlfJiliBoCpe i' /

< ,, \ ,

',: It is Time You Were Thinking of Them I lishmeot .
;'Z"'*-'We; have the SEEDS that you want for these crops,and we want you to buy them NOW. s+naai. -
: Practically a drought-proof crop for forage and grain. We have Send for Annual De5Crlptlve : : r SOUIIL
UFFIR| CORN both the White and lied varieties at 10 cents per packet; 80 centsS. -
per pound; four pounds,SI,postpaid. ; ten pounds not prepaid:! it t1. uo g, e S newly issuedAnd CATALOGUE revised. .
reafour pounds acre. Geo. Hacker & Son
ITQ AI T7M CORN Similar,to Kaffir Corn,but has large white grains. Same: :' 1 It contains the everyt.hlngneeded Horticulturist ,,
price as Kaffir Corn by v Manufacturers of .
Branchina (Yellow Milo Maize)),300 per pound; four pounds, L L PLANTSandTR.tESCorOrchard and plant-lover. '
Sorghum al.00.postpaId. BUILDING MATERIAL. ,,
FEAR L.. ] MILLET Enormously productive. The best for green Greenhouse.,Window Lal'J'eStcoUcdion Lawn CHARLESTON. S. C, ,;..
t'UliilAlL Pound,35c. four pounds, $1.2.\pos l or ;
forage. ; c \
ten pounds,not to selea. frota Purchase our makes,which we guarantee'uperior
1L prepaid, .
in the South. ( to any sold South,and thereby.tare :, "
-AR wEED Clean seed 40c.() per pound; four pounds,11-50 post-paid; $5o. '
.. ( freight not prepaid. money. ::

49Send' for our Catalogue. 1NTERLACHEN, FLA.


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r.., .... 322- t FLORIDA_ A, FARMER AND FBVi' -clxo rl 8.- :11t4. MA."l22
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-_. 'i.-: PI I where the'Alabama station is located '
rf NEAPp.LES.', spokes from a wheel These are called
:! :.'r-, I' .. but-all the summer: long bushels'upon lamellae, or gills. :Part way down.the
bushels of the finest edible mushroomswere stem appears a shreddy membranous
i DO YOU .KNOW going: to waste in the adjacent ring called the annulus. When the

'.- : ;' .. .-...- .' woods. Yet, chemical analysis shows i mushroom first springs from- the soil,
: that the food elements in mushrooms this ring membrane is a veil stretched

; >, RUSSELL ; ; are'much the same as in beefsteak,and from'the stem to the outer edge of the

-""" that in nutrient value good mushroomsare cap, completely hiding the gills.* As
r -V":-", .Jf -- equal, pound for pound, to ,beef, the cap grows larger this veil breaks
and their flavor is much delicate away and remains
: -y- ; more' about. the stem as a
Every Grow and palatable.
', Yet,_ how many Americans ever Field Agaric may be distin-
; : 7 of made any use of this delicious and guished from poisonous kinds by the
Fancy Pines in valuable food? With
Europeans theyare four following marks: I. -The gills

1 CIjiI as staple ,as potatoes, with..both do not reach entirely to the stem. 2.
a. rich and poor. They dry them dur The gills are 'at first pink, turning

the Country ,Does. ing the summer for use in winter, and brown with age, and finally, tas the
: ';:0.. in France they are extensively canned seed spores ripen the gills.turn nearly
b and exported to this country; where black and become watery. The
The Celebrated INVANHOE and FAIR OAKS FINERIES are known the price is'so high' that their .use. is veil or ring about the stem. The.
f throughout the UNITED STATES as producing the FINEST FRUIT EVER PUT 4.
Of>* THE MARKET. confined to the wealthier classes. stem is either solid or filled with'a

.. t To produce Fine Fruit you must have Many Ame families pay 50 cents cottony substance. It commonly ap
r : for a can of French mushrooms, while pears after fall rains and in Alabama
::- 4- FINE PLA'NTS. + finer specimens of'the same kind are appears from November "February

',:. ,going to waste all'around them. The distinctive characteristic of
4 (M.* I hare for sale more Fancy Plants than any Grower in the-Country, and a The two chief causes of, this. remark Caesar's Amanita is a cup at the 'base
reputation SECOND TO NONE. -
able neglect of mushrooms in, our in which the bottom of the
Purchase your plants from the PIONEER GROWER of Fancy Pines, and ,you stem seemsto
get,a GUARANTEE that your plants are absolutely TRUE TO UAMEi country are, undoubtedly, ignoranceof sit. This cup is called the volva,
Price List how'ready WRITE AT ONCE. their fine.quality,and high nutritive and when this mushroom first burstsrom

'-' \< GEORGE I. RUSSELL, Orlando; Fla. value, and fear of poisoning. While ( the ground it is completely-

.-. t BOX 614. it is true that many species of mush- wrapped up in the volva, like an egg
:.. -.. rooms are poisonous and some of in the shell, but the growth of the
;4 "'--';. -. \ j them violently so, it is equally true mushroom within soon bursts' the

F/: that: these are as readily distinguished. volva and springs up,. leaving the
From the good! ones as are poisonous I volva in the form of a cup with an irregular
} berries from good ones. In Europe, .edge at the bottom of the stem.
SouthernRailway. children know the difference and are This is,very large mushroom, often

:e ) r trusted; to gather mushrooms as readily standing 8 to iq inches high, and
as we trust our children to gather having a cap 5 to 8 inches .across

r ABSOLUTELY THE SHORTEST RODTE.CHBOTJQH berries, and'they are no more likelyto The cap is of a bright reddish yellow
.: gather 'poisonous mushrooms than color, Jading to a pale yellow with
F they are to gather pokeberries for cur- age. The gills and stem are pale'yel
PULLMAN DRAWING BOOM OARS, DINING OABS, rants. Anybody who can learn to dis low and it also has the remainsof -

L .1-, SHOBOTJOHPABE COACHES, VESTIBULES TRAINS. tinguish beans from corn can learn to a broken veil in the'form. 'of a ring
: distinguish good mushrooms from bad about the stem. This is one of the

,>': .1! ones. .... noblest of mushrooms. .It was ,considered *
NORTH, EAST AND WEST. Rev. W A. Curtis has published a a delicacy by the old Roman

r ..fr list of over a hundred different varie- epicures,and is known in this coun, .

'."',r ;." TWO DAILY TRAINS. BETWEEN FLORIDA AND THE EAST.Washington ties of edible mushrooms found in try from Vermont Alabama
-. North Carolina, and many of these The Puff Balls, when young, white
i 1 : and,Southwestern Limited and probably others are found in Alabama and brittle; are among the finest of
.. .. where they make their appearance edible fungi.' There are many varieties
And the United States Fast Mall.
.. at al11ost'any! season of the of them, varying in size from
.. year, each kind appearing in its own that of a marble to that of a man's
season: head, but few of those smaller 4haa 1
27 HOURS JACKSONVILLE TO NEW 'YOBE, The real growing or vegetative partsof the first are eaten, though the small

.A.i6ltd the mushroom are slender inter- ones may be. When Puff Balls become .
/ VMtftaled".. Train composed of Latest Improved Pallman Sleeping Car and Hotel Din. lacing threads called mycelium, which old and the spores ripen! they
Ing Carl through without change to Washington Baltimore.
-'I- 15 PbUad&DhNew York and the Eut. grow under ground and are therefore turn dark brown or black, and,.on-

a3-:, "' seldom seen. They extend, often, to being burst a_cloud of dry seed,spore?,
.' THROUGH" PULLMAN great distances, and draw food from a rises from them. In this stage they
sometimes called "smoke balk"
area. Unlike other vegetation, are ,
TWEEN JACKSONVILLE' NASHVILLE., the mushroom has no green coloring of"the devil's snuff box." But 'whea

matter, (chlorophyll), and hence it is young they are solid, pure white, ,and,
., :Through: ., Sleeping Cars Daily Jacksonville. to not capable of producing starch from of the consistence of cottage cheese or' -

x : Cincinnati via Ashovllle; Through the inorganic material, but must feed on curd. To prepare them for the table

f* J- :I" ... '"LAND" OF) THE SKY." # materials. already organized, such as peel off the thin skin slice,them and
.' decaying vegetable matter in the soil. fry in butter. Or, they and the' other_

.. I'or de1d1! rmatMi'! to rate; lohtdalea, sleeping oar rewrratfoM, eta apply. The portion the mushroom which edible fungi may be prepared in 'any
.f. : 117 agent at tae ossssat AILWAY or its oonnsotiona. J above manner-common 'with which
appears ground merely the oysters, :
Mushrooms they somewhat resemble, flaw. .
spore-bearing part. are rk
I.L. A. SHIPttAir, Florid Past Agt,'912 West Bay Street Jacksonville Fla. artificially"groVn', in stables, cellars, The only poisonous kinds of puff lei

]t OULP. W A. TURK, 8. H. HABDWIOK, and pits made for the purpose, the have tough skins' and a blue-black t- .
-rl. OMI.FMI &'-. AttL Gen.Pest.A rt., inner flesh. "
beds with
< &!.t$ngton D.a AtlAft,G& being planted the mycelium
May 2, I_S9'W_ 0 >which are kept by seedsmen in the There is very little-literature on = Y
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form.of bricks of dried muck
--- -- --- or man mushrooms that within the.reach of
'-- I the general public. _"Gibson's 14i-;
.' Mushrooms as Food. gathered two or three bushels while ure.The two most common'and valuable ble Toadstools and Mushrooms"! ,
tr a
-The writer of Bulletin 73 of the waiting for the train. When he, edible mushrooms are the 'Field fine work, but it costs $;:si! -The _
Alabama station states that a few years reached Chicago he found much Agaric and Ceasar's Amanita.* The United States department agriculture
ago ,he was waiting for a train at a poorer mushrooms selling for 50 cents Field Agaric is an umbrella shaped has issued a work on "FOodProducts ?

railroad crossing not far from Chicago per pound in the open market mushroom consisting of a pileus(cap) ," which gives an account. (

I '" ..' and walking out to an'open During the, past summer it Salmost resting on a 'central stem or stalk. various edible and poisonous f ice;>il r--
common he found'the mushrooms impossible to procure fresh Underneath! the.cap is a' series of thin lustrating! thediffcr.ences by
i, ,> -standing so thick that he ,could 'have. beef in the little town of Auburn,, plates radiating from, the stem 1 like. in the natural. colors. ;piers. .


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i. : <: '>;' :Grove $' Orchard. picked according to size alone. Far halved and packed in casks in layers 1 not greater distance from'market, I do

: below the terraces lay the. towns and alternating with coarse salt, and whenno think the competition with Italyso

4 t there we .saw .women and children more can be packed in, seawateris serious as to render lemon produc

,..r.} .Lemon Culture... sorting and packing.qp the-stone floorsof added to fill interstices.. tion unprofitable even without a tariff,

., $ ;r the warehouses., Of.these salted lemons no less than and with a moderate tariff sufficient to
Ar read before the Plorida State Horticultural
t -'; paper
.j.' .- ... by Professor W..T.. Swingle WATERING AND PROTECTING. 12,000 tons were exported to the Uni cover the difference in freight rates
;.. ,ftt the meeting,May' 1.1m. success is almost certain in South
in and the total
--t I'" In gardens, irrigation is ted,States 1894 production -] .
many practiced
r I:have selected this theme for two
;;t : mountain brooks being deflect was nearly twice this quantity. Florida.LEMONS
':' : ,t-J ,reasons;, first because during .a' three ed from their beds and led along The undersized lemons are, .more especially IN CALIFORNIA.

t;," :months stay in the vicinity of Naples used in of '
ditches on the terraces to furnish wa preparation essential Turning to our own country, Cali
...J ) ; -I:: ':was"ableio see the methods of lemon ter. Between the trees various veget- oil, each peel yielding aboutten fornia' demands"our notice first be-

.. .; ; culture pursued there, an 'account of this used allover
drops product
ables are cultivated, and that danger cause of the enormous; developmentof
,..:It't'J'' ,of:which 1 I thought might be of interest from.cold was not wholly absent was the world in perfumes cocking, etc.; the lemon iudustry there during ,

to the members of the Society; evinced by the covering of boughs and in the preparation of condensed the past decade It i is now estimatedthat
,and second because- a result of
,' extensive lemon juice sold principally Eng-
spread over'the trellises in many gar in 1900 the crop will be 600,000
= ,! field and laboratoryexperi land. Machines have been invented '
'-Y dens. The terraces were constructedof boxes, and that very shortly the en-
ments, carried ,on two years ago, a thick masonry: walls, having sec which grate and press gently the peel tire market of the United States can

Y; t :remedy for scab, the worst disease of tions laid without mortar to providefor ing; much as is done by hand, and be supplied. Lemons are picked at

: 4 the: lemon in Florida, was found, drainage and for ventilation." It is one factory near Messina has no fewer all times, but the main crop is maturedin

which in.my opinion renders lemon said that the planning and construc- than fifty-four of these machines,using autumn.

r ,: ,culture ascertain of success and subject tion of these terraces is an art so difficult 500,000 lemons daily. A thousand Of diseases, one known as the gum
j' to,no more; if.indeed to as many, lemons produce about fourteen ounces
r that certain families only are.able disease causes some complaint, and a
risks as orange culture. to undertake it and have followed the of the oil. The juice is extracted by rust mite or a mite akin to it is abundant -

=a The two great centers of lemon production : trade for centuries. The price'of.land i iI powerful hydraulic presses and boiled in some groves. Scab is absentso

: inItaly are Sicily and the in Sicily,suitable for planting lemons' in vacuum pans to one-sixth or one- far as known at present.

a*; iI,. vicinity of Naples and Sicily exports I runs from $400 to $1,200 per acre, tenth of the original volume.. One In the future the competition with

; ," '.probably the larger amount by ten and I feel confident that such terraced pipe holding 130 gallons contains-the California is likely to prove of more
times, but, on the other: hand, the concentrated of almost
; and irrigated land as that near Amalfi juice 130,000 consequence than that with Italy, but
finest lemons are produced on the must be worth atleust $1,000 an acre, lemons. I am convinced that it is in the long run cheap land,.abundant

t' f southern slopes of the Sorrentine pen and probably much,more. / largely to these economies that the summer rains, and nearness to market -
? J' s.ula..It is.indeed. a beautiful sight wonderful of the Italian lemon
The trees, as stated above, are are factors'bound to render Flor-
to, dnve'along the splendid state trained horizontally, the system being culture is due. ida growers able to command at leasta
,. roads which'wind in and out, now up
apparently to tie down the long up- COST OF PLANTING. considerable share of the market. *
1 ; : 'a ravine, now along the perpendicular right sprouts formed during each ,
face of a promotory, along the southern The cost of planting a grove with IN FLORIDA-r-DRAWBACKS.
growing season until they acquire a
low but much eroded bu.two-feet high inserted on three-
: ; .slope of a set and then cutting the endsaway.. Turning our attention to Florida,
of year-old sour stocks is ,estimated at after
4 and broken spur the. Apennines, This bending and pruning has the effeCt considering the immense importance -
,which shuts out the "tramontana" or the formation of fruit- from $90.to $125 an acre, 200 trees of lemon culture in Italy and its

north wind as'wen as all view of the buds.of favoring! costing thirty-five cents each being set rapid development in California, we

:::4J .faEcinatin but dangerous Vesuvius. to the acre. The annual cost of fertilizing are surprised to note how little atten
se'fbut few
< One could trees
from the the orange and, cultivating, has been.esti- tion is it
Approaching plains on in this section and such as* were seen paid to here. In view of the

.east,which are given up to cattle raising showed by their, hungry look that mated at forty to fifty cents a'year per fact that lemons .6( the very finest

e at first one sees only here and they were there only on sufferance. tree'which would amount to nearly quality, often realizing the ery highest -

theroa few lemon trees; but soon.lit Thousands of have been $100 per acre. As to the cost of irri- pnce of any in the market, have

Y 'j'le'' groves become! more 'numerous,, budded to lemons orange since trees Florida competition gation 1 have no idea. It will be seen been grown in considerable) quantity

and ,from Majori (whence the most the at once that these amounts seem excessive in the State, it is evident that there
c became severe till now
celebrated fruit is exported) to Amalfi, is much less to us and appear doubly so must be some drawbacks which prevent
f the mountain orange production very when we learn that labor is paid from
and miles beyond, steep than that of lemons in all the principal a more rapid development of the
laid in terraces twenty to thirty cents per day, never I think
.sides are out splendid of industry. we, may safely say
Italy except -
citrus-growing regions ,
with 'stone retaining walls, built,like a small.section about Rodi on exceeding fifty cents except for the that these drawbacks are: first, dan-

-i : "' d. .,the old Roman! strong the Adriatic shore where the overseer, and sometimes as low as ger of freezes; and ,second, the scab.
; milleniums orangesare
J enough to stand for These of fourteen cents. In,the neighborhood Regarding climatic conditions, I do
.'k\ as celebrated as are the lemons
.? Y-: ... terraces often include, every foot of I of Cntania trees twenty-five years old not consider that these present any
Majori. In Sicily, so far as can
asfar two thousand feet vertically are said to produce on'an average serious obstacle lemon
: Z.. ; land : as learn, the trees are not, trained horizontally to 4 growing, at
-,: up the mountain sides, although ; 1,000 fruits per tree, while full-sized any rate in the southern half of the
still pruned considerably
A .: :citrus fruits are rarely"grown above yet they are well in control trees bear from .ooo to 3,500. The peninsula. The greater tenderness of
5- and are kept
one,thousand feetSYSTEM : total crop of Italy was estimated for the lemon is due largely to its habit of
A SECOND CROP. 1895 at 10,000,000 boxes,of which growing at all seasons, and if sour

: t' OF PRUNING... The land there is so dry in many 4,000,000 (less than one-half) :are ex- stocks are used, which are desirable

: ; It, was Ain the early part of May, places that irrigation is absolutely ported, 3,000,000 coming to the Uni-- from other reasons as well, this ten-
r just one, year .ago, that I visited this This enables the ted"States.
ti ., necessary growersto dency is in part, at least, counteract
region and I was not alittle, surprised produce a-late crop of fruits called, DISEASES. ed. :Moreover, the great danger from

: when I saw how strangely the trees "verdelli" which are _picked green i cold compared with the is

'c i; }fiT :were pruned, being trained along a from June to August when prices ,are Of diseases and insect pests the in part compensated for by orange the fact
like dwarf Italians have their share. In Sicily ,
horizontal trellis more withhold
high. To secure this crop they that the fruit is matured in summer
.:.Y scuppernong grape vines than like water during the summer and irrigate black and white scales are.very abun- and fall and, is entirely removed by
"citrus trees ;t. had ever seen. dant, necessitating hand cleaning of
any 'heavily and cultivate thoroughly the time there is any danger of frost,
'showed a healthy green'foliageand in which the the fruit with baushes and sharp point.
.They early autumn, causes rendering loss of crop impossible.Then .
below the trellis hung, not a few trees to bloom. Owing to the fact that ed sticks; anda gray fungus relatedto even if the lemon were much
=i fruits ready to pick, as was evidenced i this abnormal .flowering (to be com- our sooty mold follows the attacksof more tender than it as a matter of

; by the groups of peasant girls carrying; pared with our,, "June bloom") is said another insect. They do not,how- fact is, there are hundreds-even

on their heads large baskets down the the health of the trees, the evever, have the dreaded scab which thousands of square miles of land with

.: : 't winding mountain roads to the ware- grove is divided into halves which seems to.exist in Florida alone of all lake protection and in the southern
houses below. Again I was surprised the lemon producing countries, al-
third of Florida
are forced on alternate'years, giving peninsular where
introduced from
;. at seeing that these.fruits smooth and though originally Ja
._ "*** "Verdelli" every summer as well as during even the severest freezes the
i ': = just the right size to pick, were color- lemon and lime
and not injured.
the regular"autumn spring crops. pan.Freight were senously -
1 low the
'- ed as if fully ripe. I afterwards rates are very .

W l learned that the second crop, which is USE. OF CULLS. charges from Messina, Sicily, to New i I j
.l picked in the winter and spring, is'al One pf the most important factors! York being only twelve cents per,box THE SCAB..

J ways colored both on the mainland in successful: lemon culture in Italy on fruit, and for salted lemons $2.07. The other deterrent which has act-

:" T.y : Land; :". in Sicily; while the main crop that wejlutve heretofore neglected almoSt a pipe containing 3,000 fruits. On ed powerfully in preventing more general

.' .. ripening from October to December, entirely,.is..the economical disposal the whole, considering the immenselyhigh extension of the lemon industry

y ". J,.: 'its, 'as 'with us, of green fruits. !, of the,culls. 'Ove .s'.zed fruits areS : value of land and the enormous here is the vemicosis or scab,

"... ", '""ot. << S
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PUSH. L. }YOUR QRANGI TRBIS; When Fertilizing for fruit, use .' -
by using <

.. '. "The Ideal Fertilizer." Ideal Fruit ,and Vine Manure

Price $27.00.GUARANTEED -K.
PRICE $30.00 PER TON. y
... Moisture ........................................... IQ Per to Cent.12 .. ..
Ammonia from Qotton Seed Meal,Nitrate GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. '.
and one.\.............. ............ ...of...k Soda......,.Blood...;..I to 5X Ammonia.................................................... .2J# to 4 cent., -, '';'
Available Phos Potash.Acid..from. Acid.. .Phosphate..... and Bone........ 4.# to 5X Available Phosphoric Acid........__.!.............< 6 to 8"per '.of-: :T.::. __ .
.0. ;.n..1..... 11 to Insoluble .............. ..... ... : _
13 ..
Phosphoric Acid : "
Equivalent to Actual Potash...........i....................... 6 to 8 Sulphate of Potash ............................... ...... 20 1 to to 2t.3k". "" ,,'..
-- 'Magnesium ter, etc.Sulphate.........,.Lime.... ,.Calcium..........Sulphate..........,Organic.......Mat-..... 65 to 70 :Potash Actual, Sulphate K20...,..Chloride.........,.Calcium......................10 to 12 u.. J.:::' '

Bone Made,Acid exclusively Phosphate and from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood Magnesium.. ..-..;..... .................Sulphate..........55, to 60 II.. ',a..":'"- ,!
Sulphate of Potash. .
(No coloring matter used). s Made exclusively .from Snlphate of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda ',
.This,is a soluble/cptick acting and lasting fertilizer. The ,nitro- Blood,Bone,Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash. .

gen coming from three different ingredients is especially Manufactured by -<,

valuable, as all three sources are be'st'adapted' to making wI.LS0N: : & 'I'O'OMER ".
quicKgrowth. The potash from .
sulphate of potash "
only. s "The Fertilizer House or Florida," .
f '
_Try alongside of the more expensive brands and .be convinced. J CKS NUILLE. FI-7 .

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete \

,Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco, Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc. -

Write Us for Prices before Buying. _

ZVTD. SON & TOOMBR FER'I'II.IZER. CO. Jacksonville .
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, ,$7.00 per Ton .


This malady is due to a minute parasitic of badly diseased fruits. The importance very good ones, and by crossbreedingand Fig' Culture in the Gulf States..I I _

fungus undoubtedly introduced of this.hygienic measure cannot selection, such as we have already No. 3. I
from Japan, probably on the Satsuma be too strongly urged, and I feel confident begun at the Subtropical Laboratory,
orange. requires a moist climatein that in connection with threeor I hope they may be still further im- CULTIVATION AND FERTILIZATION. .

order to'spread rapidly and henceis even two sprayings it would reduce proved. In particular I hope we may Unquestionably figs should be thor-

absent from California. Two years the number of unsalable fruits to in-. be able to secure earlier varieties oroughly cultivated during the first

ago with the co-operation of :Mr. significance. which will reach the market at the season. This is necessary to give <

Sampson, Mr. Buffum, and other In this connection it might be men- time of the greatly increased demand them a good start, and as the young ./
lemon growers, an extensive series of tioned that scab does not occur on the during the hot months at the time trees make their largest growth after

experiments in preventing this, diseasewas lowe Keys nor as yet at Bisca ne when the Italian crop is largely ex- midsummer it is important to continue

,conducted. Many of the treat- Bay, and the very dry climate there lausted., It is perfectly feasible to secure the ,cultivation late in thexsea-
ments were either too costly or were during winter and spring, while in blood lemons if they are desirable son. Unless the soil is quite rich,

i injurious to,the trees, or failed to pre- some respects a hindrance to lemon ) by cross-breedin with the Citrus some fertilizer should be used, as the .

vent the disease;; but spraying with culture: would-be a great advantagein australis san, uinea of'Q ueen'sland. future of the tree depends largely.on _
ammoniacal solution of copper 'car" checking the spread of the parasiteif MARKETS. its vigor during the first season. An A

bonate proved an effective,and a reasonably if should be introduced. excessive use ol stable manure or other

cheap remedy.AN As to markets for the output, it
In addition
to the 'direct treatment : nitrogenous fertilizer should be
must be remembered that the home
EFFECTIVE REMEDY.It both hygienic and remedial outlined reduction does avoided, as the tendency of thesels to. .
above, there are other I think p not by any means induce soft
be ways by succulent growth too
may prepared as : Take supply the demand, and that importations -
which the ravages of this malady easily injured the
five ounces ol copper carbonate and of lemons have averaged in value by winter. The"pinywoods"
can be so reduced as to render it no soils deficient in
stir with are
about of
up a pint water to for the seiiti decimal period ending
longer of any serious consequence. In phosphoric acid and this should be
thick then dilute with a
paste one the
; [
June 30, 1896, enormous sum of
the first I f
place would advocate the prominent
of all
ingredient fertilizers
,and one-half gallons of water in a
utilization,of culls as is done in the 4,557,108|> annually, an amount ex used in regions where these -
Stir predomi
wooden pail. vigorously and at ceeded only by one.'other, fruit-the
the.same time add slowly two pints of manner above in Sicily. nate.
Lemons distorted banana ($4,932,390)-and) then but \\.
strong ammonia (Aqua ammonia fortior so by verrucosis as slightly. Even .if the production ol It is not advisable to attempt to cultivate '

.((28 per cent) ,of druggists) or five and of to be totally and have unsalable oten: are full the California groves should reach i in any vegetable crop among fig

one-half pints of weaker ammonia ethereal juice oil. a rind replete with 1900 the total of 60ooo", boxes, as trees, on account of the danger of in-

water (Aqua ammoniae ((10 percent) Large growers should predicted by one grower, this amount creasing'root knot,.,and because such
druggists). Stir until 'all is dissolved certainly i machine own a Serravallo oil extracting would still be insufficient to supplyeven crops are likely to interfere with cultivation -
or at least all but a few granules the a vacuum pan for the present demand, to say nothing at the time when it may be
concentrating juice. This latter
; and then dilute with water to of the then larger demand lueto most needed.
fitly gallons.It could also be used to advantage for increased population. :Moreover, the The best subsequent treatment for,
should be applied first when the preparing juice in now produced4nenormous Florida crop begins to reach the markets a fig orchard is, to"a certain extent,

young fruits are exposed by the falling quantities Montserrat. when only the expensive "ver an open question. It is probable that
I believe in the
fiowers. The second spraying shouldbe future it will be delli" are obtainable in Italy and i is in most locations the best results will
made usually after two or three ,lemons advantageous in to grow limes and largely marketed before the main obtained by mulching heavily near'

weeks j; a third two or three weeks is conjunction, wherein Florida Italian crop is ready to ship. As al the tree with any available material .
,later when blooming is particularly favored over most that will hold moisture and '!
nearly or quite other lemon growing countries. ready mentioned, by obtaining still 1 keep
over;, and a fourth when the young earlier varieties this advantage mightbe down the weeds. Pine straw, marsh .
fruits are of a size ranging from that Americans, moreover, use fresh limes increased. In view of thesefacts grass, or planer shavings answer the

of an olive. Thereafter a careful 1 much more freely than the European, any danger of over production mustbe purpose. The dust from old charcoal -
watch should' and if a process of curing can be pits is sometimes used
be and
kept, especially after found which will considered as too remote to be on the _
moist weather and if warts appear, an prevent the quick worth notice at present. coast a mulch of oyster shells is often
other application be made. This rotting which now occurs as soon as seen. The slowly decomposing shells
may In conclusion I would strongly
the fruits reach the markets the lime :
treatment properly made scab probably act to some extent -
as fertilizer
prevents urge that more attention be paid by a -
fruit trade is of
almost entirely. capable extensive de Florida growers to lemon culture. It since the fig is known to thrive. : .

PREVENTION-VARIOUS WAYS. velopment.In and California lemons requires more skill, it is true, than another ,best in strong lime soils. The middle

.One fact of great importance was trained Italy to shape from the time they are citrus industy, but it yields of shallow the rows can and be kept clean. by a '
larger returns. look forward confidently plowing harrowing without
developed during the course of tbinvestigation e are planted and to some extent are -
to the time when the lemon disturbing the mulch,and without ,
namely, the removalof pruned also to induce fruit bearing "
all diseased ,fruits from the trees when mature. It is provable that we crop of this State will equal in value injury Winter to the roots protected by it,
and ground underneath was a have that of the orange or grape fruit. protection of some kind should
preventive something to learn in this re certainly be _
measure of the highest importanceand gard. Subtropical Laboratory, May i, '97.. provided during the first
.... A two or three at least
years ,to the
,even,in the absence of any othertreatment VARIETIES. extent
$1.00 is the cost for of mounding the dirt or'mulch
average per year a
lessened the
greatly number As varieties ,
to we already have I
-- laying hen. high about the base of the tree in the

,, .1

10- -
,. r
... 1897; THB, FLORIDA. PARR ANb FBUIT-OBOWBB. ". -. ." .'325-
--- - -- -

'the tops with old cal manures as producing a soft succulent -

or pine branches will root ,growth favorable, to the : KILLS SCALE

of great advantage. growth; of the nematode.FIG .... GALLON

is- seldom practiced, ex- LEAF RUST. vn = '

far as may be necessary to hiRR1Q jUtc THRIP JUICE
Brown frequently on
spots appear
the and
shape young tree, ..the foliage dunng the summer, and,
better .done ill summer by I I Is Strongly Concentrated, and when
if numerous, cause the leaves to fall e
In case of freeze; all in- ; Diluted as Directed, it makes
prematUrely. These spots are caused 1
should be promptly cut I.i ,( i I probably the Cheapest Insecticide
by a true,rust fungus, Undo fid Cast.It I
is be said that the increased size of the [ occurs quite frequently widely, and Iii t 'j I in the World.

greatly by abundantly, but as usually does not 9 V '
I -
pruning, but, as before develop enough to b6 noticeable until ITKATION.KM.. t*N OMMCC- nl UKAMNOKCrJ Used in Florida for 13 Years.

is seldom done. do ,ZpeciatViiectlonslt, _..... I. ',
after the crop is ripe, it seems to '::.- :.".
into bearing very early. 'M:-:IriM.I="2'':;':- t::::':"" r:':::- I IZ '
but little harm. No attempt' has been :' ':- ::C''Er''U I "
.r rperiment growing cutting will often made to find a remedy. I r w?iif; ;.q 1: H.. B. MARSH, General Agent,
"---"ml I
fruit the first but this I :::
season, S.S ', .c;: J.t i Oltahumka (Lake Co.), Fla.
When the tree does The Little pull Peach. ..:'.\.J..-:.:--...:&.::,$':'r..5O 9'I .,
a little fruit may be ex- G'' ........SUM U SHOT...M.W6Ml. -I. Sold byjnany merchants.
observations the i
second season, and by the lead My me to believe during that the'greates season L. HAMMOND'SI SLUG SHOT WORKS,
should be of some im-
enemy of peach growers is not the yel-

lows, nor borers,,, nor rot, nor frost.. ..
-1 FIG BORER. There is a parasite worse than all utive department, and loaned to the a small fortune. .

r gicor beetle, Ptychodes tit- these .and the railroads put' .togeth-- legations on all public occasions.Too FORMATION OF BEDS.
caused considerable injury er.' It is'a worse "bugger"* than the I much ,praise cannot be givento
He has his beds slightly elevated,
in Louisiana and Mis ,
points commission It is
men, even. a vege our old time colleague for hissplen-
and along the margins he places piecesof
by burrowing into the trunk table parasite, although not a fungus.It did efforts to keep Florida before the timber; to hold the edges from

brances. In reply to in- saps the vitality of trees; it breaks public. Orlando has! its share of washing, and he finds this a great ad
this insect Director
them down it breaks the markets
; plants at the exhibition, the pineapple\ vantage, otherwise the washing of
ub of the Louisiana Ex"
s, down and will break the
growers up, plants being taken from the Ivanhoe the rains would, carry away the soil
Station, says: if allowed to flourish. This parasiteis and Fair Oaks pineries.OrlandoReporter.
near its edges Causing the outside
done in Louisiana is ,
"The damage the little cull} peach. Hem-ay be a .
plants to small from loss of
to,a large extent conjectural. In our benefactor who makes two bladesof grow
I- we have lost several trees temporarily where before nourishing. Where he has used
groves one ,
f grass grow grew
this the outside of
: J all being bored into by this but in peach culture the wise man
Pinery.Edited plants are as fine as those in the middle
Kr ; borer They, however, start up again will seek to double the size instead of
: quickly (from the roots and soon replace the number.-W. J. Green before of the beds. Someone may suggest -
r 'Ve have Had that to plant land where no bed
? the injured trees. Ohio Hort. .
,: Society. by J. B.Beach West Palm Beach.

ding is needed would be better
no remedy against this invasion except The little green, bitter.peach of up
--J'O"-- for then no wash would occur. This
to'digit out while very' oung with, a Florida is the greatest enemy to the *
be well, but as a matter of fact
penknife. We have tried various insecticides industry, as it sets the buyers againstit. Pine Culture Around Orla.ndoII.THE may
Mr. Van Houten's largest plants aad
without any apparent re ITo be and
... grown fcfODELO PINERY. finest fruit are on his lowest ground,
: suIts
made attractive the orchardsof
and these large plants produce twiceas
A browning and subsequent premature this State should be given continual About two miles west of town is'
falling of the leaves, caused by shallow cultivation during the the Modelo.Pinery, of which Mr. C. many suckers as the smaller ones

? the work of a minute mite,is reported spring drouth, or else irrigated. The S. Van Houten is the manager. It is on the higher ground. To be sure
the low ground is not wet, for he has
as'rather common in Florida by :Mr peach needs moisture and must haveit the largest solid body of pineapple
it underdrained The
thoroughly. ;
k H. J. Webber, of the Subtropical : The orange has nine months, including plants around Orlando, covering about
whole north end of his pinery, while
Laboratory. It has not been studied. the rainy season, in which to seven acres.. :Mr. Van Houten main-
f, Mr. Ellison. Smith, jr.,' botanist collect moisture enough to fill out its ly approves the popular preference, bedded up, is tiled underneath, while
l I the south portion has only surface
and entomologist of South Carolina measure; but the peach has to do this giving first place to the Smooth Cay- "

&. Experiment, Station, has published a in three months and those the driestof enne, second to the Abbaka. The drainage. .
list of insects observed feeding on ripe the year. It needs help.Washington's year before the freeze he shipped IRRIGATION.

figs-but he does not mention any that MM" about 25,000 apples, and his plantsare His entire pinery is supplied with

;ti .. injure the tree.ROOT "Little Florida. now in condition to yield large irrigation by means of about 6,000 feet

KNOT. :Mr. L. S. Perkins, several years shipments both of fruit and suckers of pipe supplied from a large tank

: f This disease is caused by a micro ago a valued atttache of the Reporter, this summer again. The plants are standing near the shed. This water

scopic nemafode or.true worm, 'Heterodera now of the pension bureau at Washington not quite as green and fresh looking as supply is obtained from a large well

radmcola, that infests the soft never fails to seize an opportunity those on the low ground: but the own twelve feet deep and,twdve by twelve
fibrous roots causing small galls or 'to boom his native State. er knows when he secures fruit here, feet square. This stands full of water

swellings. When present in sufficient Mr. Perkins' latest effort is the establishment what it will be to a certainty. He has all the time, and when he wishes to

numbers it. causes the death of the of a "Little Florida" in an: irrigating plant, a pexus! of pipes water his pinery he starts his fire in

,,.,.. roots and the consequent starvation the immense court of the pension bureau with hydrants radiating throughout the furnace of his 2o'horse power

t ,, and death of the tree. It is by nQ He has receive the consenV the pinery, but he resorts to watering boiler that has a pulsometer pumping

means confined to the; fig, but attacks of the chief of the department and has only in a case of extreme drouth. attachment. With this arrangement

the roots ,of many. other fruit and or_ written several hundred letters to this' Mr. Van Houten sold last season he can fill his 10,000 gallon tank in
-..l'nament l trees and shrubs add is 'especially State for the donation of tropical and about 5,000 apples-this was the sec about two hours. The tank stands

injurious t6'many garden subtropical plants for his "Little Flor- ond season after the year, be it remem- high enough to give the water sufficient '

Ft vegetables and farm crops. This pest ida." Nothing succeeds like success, bered, when the plants were frozen to force for rapid ,distribution

thrives.best. in moist sandy soils, and and Mr. Perkins has ,made arrange- the ground. These 5,000 plants will through the pipes. He does not con-

A ,is. troublesome throughout the entire ments with ,:Mr. Plant to transport aggregate this season, he estimates, sider irrigation indispensable, but
; coast region.No everything to Washington for the. ex ten,suckers to the plant, or a total of thinks it very desirable in dry weather.*

effective remedy is known whena hibit free of" ost. Every kind of citrus 50,000. There are now blooming THE SHED.

tree.is once infested, hence the necessity fruit, pineapple plants and flowers about 20,000 plants that, will produceno
for planting on land known to grown,here are now on their way to less than 100,000 suckers, and The shed is made by placing on

.be free from the pest, and the importance Washington. Live alligators, herons, 10,000 more will bloom soon and ma- edge IS-foot joists, 2x6, on posts 7
of not growing vegetables between pelicans, flamingoes, and other birds ture their fruit next'winter. They will feet above ground, and standing about

..4 the trees that will act as a nurse and animals common to Florida will probably produce not less than 25,000 14 feet apart one way by nine the

} crop for the disease. be there, where thousands.. visitors suckers in '97, making an aggregate of other... These joists are lapped about
recommends thorough drainage -: pass through daily. 175,000 suckers, a truly conservative one foot at the ends where they rest

11 of the land and the application Each of the donations has the name estimate. This, with the fruit num- upon the,posts, and are strongly spiked

tobacco dust mixed with unleached of the giver, with his town and county : bering at least 30,000 merchantable together. Over these joists, that ex

ashes or lime as the most promising address attached,- and the plants will apples, will be no small matter which, tend east and west, are placed 1x3
remedial measures. He advises be used for decorative purposes at all all taken together at the current pricesof slats 18 feet long, leaving a space .of

:.; against the excessive use of'ammonia balls and receptions given by the exec- pineapples and plants,would makeI three inches between the slats;.pro'
: Jof

!! t
; ., .

si- -

I .
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-' -- -
--- -
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I,.., .


.,....'..''' -. ,

ducing a semi-shade.that moves,'as the have met' with such approval that it

t.. sunlight changes in direction, and distributes hat been adopted by other growers. 131n'Illller Strawberries'on Ice .

;< .- the sunlight and shade evenly He has received as high as $1.03 net The celebrated T. &T. Strawberry Refrigerators -

.' 1 ) so'as to give the plants the benefit per apple in New York. are the universal favorite of Florida

!.. of light without' turning.t We were impressed here, as every- (PERRY DAVIS'.) growers.. .Perfected after years of-eiperience. -

PROTECTION FROM, COLO- where about Orlando, with the pre- A Sure and Safe Remedy ia Give good service for good fruit'

cocity exhibited by pineapple plants and kind TBUBT &; THOMAS, ;L
t cast
He finds that cold is one of the every every
Starke, Florida.
r great enemies to pineapple growing, under the stimulus of the uniform and of_Bowel Complaint b

and 'to fortify himself against this he humid heat of' these slat-sheds. It ,

[' uses the little paper pails that hold practically,cuts the waiting period of d. STEEK1ER SEED I ED., bitqitd,
the open-field planter in two In the T&nJlillcrThi
};. about five pounds of powdered rosin. .
middle. It is certainly something remarkable -
When filled with rosin |jie places,them
( at intervals of about thirty feet when plants will bloom and >3 is a true statement and Successors to

: throughout his pinery. In case of a set.fruit in four months after planting.We It can't be made too strong Richard Froticher's GravierStreet Branch Store
Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St.,New Orleans,La.
that the limited timeat
great tall of temperature approaching regretted or too emphatic.It Importers and dealers in Flower, Field and
r. the freezing point, he will light these our disposal did not allow us to Garden Seeds. Grasses,clover bulbs, seed po- .
tatoes and fruit trees in tht ir season, Conducted
:- rosin pails by inserting in the top of stay longer in this i interesting pinery.We is a simple, safe' and qnkh by relatives of the late Richard Frotscher. Order

: the rosin apiece of cotton waste or promise ourself a second visit to care for through send(crone Richard free..Frotscher's manual of i8g6"or

excelsior saturated with kerosene and this and numerous others around Or- --
Cramps, 00ug1J, Rheumat!mt001cfs
applying match. .From the bum- lando. We were surprised to learn Colic .1reura1gia.

ing rosin issues a dense cloud of that the roll of the Orange County Gronjx; Toothache jDi&rxhcbaj

smoke that covers the pinery like a Fancy Pineapple Growers' Society ERRY

blanket and shuts out the cold air. embraces already over twenty mem- Two ally, 25e. and COe.

These when filled and bers, and that a conservative estimate, _
pails preparedcost
about six cents each and he of the probable increase of the pine Keep it 07 yon.. Beware of 'There has never been a time when crow-
ersshould guard against failure with
Imitations Buy only tho more
of them that apple area this summer reaches a hundred care. There baa liner been+time when
keeps a relay ready so
Genuine- Davis'. Ferry'*Rode were more essential.They are
acres some estimates predicting Perry ,alwart the beet. For isle '
when the first burn out he can slide dealers by leading.'
others into their places and thus keep several hundred. Each acre set rep. dad xrrrytalwn. everywhere. on having them.FERRY'S

up the smoke. One pail will burn resents a total expenditure of $2,500, 1 )ooGooooo o' SEED ANNUAL
which considerable Is full-of information for gardeners and
for about two hours. Fifty protect an means money set planters. There will never be a better time
afloat in the dull season. than now to send for the 1897 edition.Free.
acre in this way and will cost $3.000. We will in this and many other D. M.Ferry&Co.,Detroit Mich.
Had he used this plan two r
years ago ways get considerable benefit. The
e he would have saved many thousand The Pineapple Tariff: fine of
N large crop admittedly superiorfruit
dollars. This he might have done' at Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower now to go {forward, is taken EED

cost not exceeding. $Ioo. For the information of the public I note of by the country and the nearerwe

INSECT .ENEMIES' beg leave to state as follows : come to supplying the entire .

The finance committee of the Senate markets of the country the better off
He finds few enemies of the pine
apple plants thus far. His plants .. wanted to give, the- higher, duty on we will Qe.LookinJt. .

pear to be entirely clear and free from ap- pineapples, and had promised to do at the situation from all FAIRVIEW PINERY.

all insect life. He,-however, suggests so, but were compelled to defer to theN sides the Pineapple Growers' Associa- .
ew York importers rand Balimore, tion and the Executive Committeeand
remedies for the benefit of those not
quite so fortunate. The worst enemy canners to secure the votes of Platt, officers are to be congratulatedon .-Choice .

is probably the mealy bug that attacks of New York, and Wellington, of their prompt and active move-

the stems of the plant and sucks the 1: Maryland, without which Republicanvotes meats.on behalf of their people. Pineapple :
the bill could not pass. The fields at this delightful
moment are
sap, 'so as to destroy its life if not rem-
edied. For this there are several rem Anyone.familiar with the makeupof to behold, and the. prospectsmost

edies that are well recommended : A the Senate will readily seethe com satisfactory. Plants- ,;; .

manding position of these two sena- Very truly ,
decoction of tobacco made strong and yours '
# tors. Florida has no Republican vote -. FOR SALB.t--'
poured into the bud of the plant, weak
in the Senate to offset this with. ,
Ankona Fla. -
salt water, a wash made of whale oil ,

soap and kerosene, diluted chamberlye Our position was recognized a The Braid wn Journal paid a Smooth Cayenne I II! Home Grown!II!
strong one on its merits' but our political .
or plain soap suds. The applica weak We visit to the Manatee Hammock in ---C
position was a
bon is the same for each remedy. The which the Manatee County Tobacco ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.
for tariff'on Florida
asking a high
were a
best cure, however, is to set good, when Company are operating.This hammockwas .
product our own senator
clean stock, and keep the plants vigo will vote against the bill, and woulddo before the war, largely plantedin F. N. PRICE,
rous and strong by food and care, and in.it cane; subsequently in oranges and
were we
they will then throw off such enemies. than so we now have. at.a Politically higher, therefore figure- vegetables; and now a part of it is P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.

Ants sometimes trouble but hot water
we were weak. occupied with a promising thirtyacrecrop

and offensive mixtures applied about Much good has been done as the of tobacco. Mr. Pedro Valdes,
their haunts'will drive them away. a Cuban planter, with three Cuban
result of the efforts of the pineapple HOME GROWN
'1; ,assistants, !is in charge. We have .
MARKETING. growers. t -"
The packing of the fruit for marketis The public mind, and' especially mentioned the building of one large

the congressional mind has been educated barn before,, the second 96x28 feet,
a very important feature of the bus- Pineapple Slips
and the
probably now complete
iness. How much valuable fruit of up to our requirements, and to

all kinds is,injured or totally ruined by a better conception of our product, its third begun. The Carter house onWare's d' -

improper packing I A most satisfactory quantity and superior quality.We creek has been. secured as a and Suckers

.methqd is that :Mr. have made an organized effort, curing house, where the scientific ,
adopted by .
work on the leaf will be done. Each Of the Following Varieties
VanHouteh. He is the originator of and that fact has made us formidablein '
stalk is cut in several sections the .
the of topI
the Orlando Pineapple Crate, which eyes our antagonists. |I T
three leaves being the most valuable.
.. is a ventilated box measuring 21x24 We were able to resist well matured i'I FORSAKE ,
After cutting the sucker is as
inches and 12 inches deep. This was efforts to put'us on the free list.. crop .
carefully cultivated as the other. This
the first crate 'used in Orlando for We helped the growers of citrus ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN;.
month or next the seed beds for the
packing pineapples. Previously the fruits to get a very high tariff on fajl l will be prepared and the com QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLiY-

fruit had been packed in barrels. He lemons, limes, grapefruit and oranges, pany's'new crop planting is expected to be QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-
thefirst to introduce excelsior which will be value
was asa of great to Brevard over fifty acres. The great experi- NAMBUCO ,AND RED SPANISH.
packing material after repeated unsatisfactory county, as her groves are restored, is confirmed .
a success.
experiences with hay, corn I and to the State at large. mept .- ..*_ Apply to .

husks, Spanish moss, etc. As an evidence The duty, as' it now stands, is 30 Mr. AiTL Brown has growing in 0. 0. MATTHAMS,

of the value of his mode of per cent increase on crated pineapples Manateee the largest and best pinery Florida '
packing, he has sent fruit to London while on bulk pineapples it is that-we have seen in the county. His Company,

and Paris In July and and it from increase Otto '. ,,
August ISO to 300 per cent shelter is of two-and half inch pine :' -

arrived in perfect condition.. His according to size, and the low invoices slats on posts six feet above theground. MADDOCK & MATTHAMS, :fI

style of crate and method of packing possible under the old system. .-Manatee Co. Advocate. ,y" West, Palm Beach;Fla' =::-
: *\;' ,
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:i "- ::: -.'t-,; ,,/. THB FLORIDA FABMEB AND FBUIT-GROWE3. 327.

:" :.i..........). \-,, j ,., .' ,.' ,'" I. -
'!:;,; ;}!'= : : era! times during_the day. Or to tack upa race has become extinct and his skeleton .. ..
.... .Otl.try1 small bit of TaW beef liver on a level shall be a curiosity in the Smithsonianor -

t ,, ,. .. : : -; ._... .- with their heads to pull and pick at for other museum 6f the land.
.. '" .--- --------
---- hours at a time And the return is 100 per Let no one be offended when we touch
Edited toy'L:sDeLANOY, ipopka. Flar cent. For little chicks.raised with common upon a subject we know to be a delicate
= { sense.will grow like weeds, will rare- one-when we* venture an

.',. ly be sick,and never be stunted-worst Btrictly'eulogistic *to a terror that -
'./ f he:'Pouii' ', ss the People's calamity of all. One other thing we dare at noonday and makes night '3 Grand Letters 3 '

rr; ,ss.. not neglect, vermin. Not alone especially our friends. of the rural districts. ''Hustler one from a' despondent
"" lice, but rats, cats, dogs, etc. Those hope no man will call us to account Oregon to a successful California &!:ent. _
,.l :. 'Poultry:k&P. and' poultry raising belt who have annually to do battle.with all we speak of the hog-the genuine out,' answers canrassinir.the his letter.wife M'ndinlt,1'o a 'Pur to
: long to t th : 18. cannot be cornered. of thesewill readily agree with'me,that it back, who wears a'snout and ,who supplement w ith one of his copy own
Pf capital to decoy it. It us copies of all three. It Interested in
is { ( off victor. four
.. fit; is no easy job to always come legs. send for free copy ..
; i ; .{_I' thejpoor"bestdi ., ace where it pays the them'in the day time, 'the rats at night public opinion he is allowed to
: .6 business is more scat- time and the lice all the time, the battle privileges and immunities -'
1 tei ale poultry business. The goes on most merrily. And yet all of best specimens of his brother R MONEY MAKER

iw' .have. their hens in the back these can be vanquished if wego" aboutit man. He has been armed and -the thrift industrious teaJLU: about her la
and bow to make money from poultry
o ? residence, or the barn rightly and in the fall and winter we through long generations by special New Poultry Guide for 189 7.
t\7 r. yaid 'of t1f nntry summer retreat, but forget all about it when the lusty flocks ing, and the survival the fittest, 100 pages;printed in colors'beet Qlaas for
,/ :,they are offset by the hens of the negro surround us, the egg basket is again filledto present duties as .freebooter. His l'Oultr luruioottOCTi.houseecenre Sent for remedies*MV.If you ud write recipes DOW.
ft. in'his cabin at the rear of the plantation, overflowing and our cockerels are the are of preposterous length and JOHN 8AUSCSS8,rr.,Box 31,Import,BL
: E or the bright and active hens of the sturdy finest anywhere in the neighborhood.- armed as those of the alligator-

t': J settler Jof the far west. Poultry Advocate.More full grown and in fighting trim,
.No man's poultry business can be put --...- but death can stop him. His l7oridaands
ahead of his.personal no matter 'r
: experience, Common Sense.J. clothed in as much thunder as
it\,v,; : how much money he may have, or the horse, and he hails with equal ,
VI ';how much be may put into it. The in- H.Davis, of Augusta, Ga., is a well- the'voices of the captains and the '

f I Experienced person who thinks that h 'known poultry breeder and sensible ing- Oranges .. ,. .
r f- _can''take $5,000 and invest it in a poultry writer on poultry topics. Mr. Davis has He scales fences or breaks .'

( t ,:plant and make !it handrthere if he tries the following in; the Midland Poultry them-he is never beyond or below '.'
v /
J 1 it On the othej are hun Journal: ing,)freight,'and he is as worthless jResorts -n'il',:
f, q dieds"of'exp rienced poultrymen who "After an experience of twentyfiveyears dead as he is formidable when alive. '.: ? '.
: .t-, caft fake that much capital, or half of it, I unhesitatingly say that ,drugs pig we grow for man's use goes i4[nvestments ,' ..: .fj.
f2 s ,. nnd make,a good living out of poultry. never cure. And I solemnly affirm thatI fore him like grass-the two are .:>: :, .
f : ,anexpenenced.man: can, could never cured a fowl of any affliction '"' -t
{ be placed the same category.He ;Developments :
t ,dpfx, because that much money; would with drugs. And I am certain that all is passing away like the .:
enable' him'to fix up so as justify him stuff given to hens to "make them lay," Even now he is not what he was. I [ : :-- ,,'
t l: -inputting,: in all his time in'the work be- or to help them through the "moulting seen his tusks.divide a dog as Attractions
'b forehim..In Ether words, he could, by period," or to "tone them up," or to _. .
} .. a Saracen-I have seen a panther Address ,",. ,,:.'.
,; .
'i :the use of the capital named make good help them in any way, does much more I ribly wounded that the cat '., }:'* n" ,
Raw diving wages,-out of it, in keeping hens harm than good. Fowls never need off in despair to die,poor while the : G. D. ACKERLY, J'. ,
t: ; and ;raising chickens. He could do so tonics. Why, the idea is rediculous! reeked'-not flowing blood and : PAISCNCCR: ACENT.r "-.: <

; ;t with common' stock by simply selling eggs Fowls never need anything at any time wounds, but proudly.challenged TRUNK LINE, .
and raising chickens for the market. Butr but good feed and pure water. If theyare
Jir;< newal of the "Dght I believe he
be'ould do better and make treated this and kept perfectlyclear FLORIDA. .
t;, : more money way whip Fuzsimmons in ring,
f \ i :by:utilizing thoroughbreds to some extent o! lice and mites all the, time, they ought to wear the belt.any
in his business. will not be ailing. Put all sick fowls in Nor is his fleetness inferior !' feeding for beef which

t/; .," ,He:'should raise half-breeds fr .the a pen by themselves. Kill the badly fierceness It took him value to Southern farmers. Four
'\ :; .market. and grade up his laying stock by sick ones before they infect. the flock. alize, when the locomotive same first years of hay were used, shredded corn
: half-breed of the layingstrains. In most cased a side chicken is better to and red clover.
;:raising pullets his haunts, that at ,last man could crabgrass, peavine
:;' r Then, if he should have had be a del one." him. And he contested the point clover was the one upon which
;gl .., any previous experience as a poultry Texas Farm and Ranch applies the the first that came, as the following gains were made, and this was
;. STi.. :fancier, and add to his plant a pen of above to men, except the killing and authenticated instance will prove: gives&k very closely by the peavines,
; ystrictly;; firetclass pure-bred fowls and says: The first railroad from the shredded corn was the poorest
'$:\; "raise some birds of that quality, that he "It is a fact well known to physiciansthat Palatka'passed! through some of lot although this was made up in

,.it' : could sell for $1 and up he would add medicine does more harm than good, orback's favorite preserves, and he at feast, by its small cost. For a .
:" { ,(another source of profit to his business. although it may on certain occasions re- ally resented it. At Tocoi, an "old feed, 5 J pounds of cotton seed meal
\ : ': .The. inexperienced man. however, lieve pain or save life. Humanity wouldbe denter" made it a point to gave ,the best results, giving a
: 'f8honld go :slow. He couI not run a better off without it. track whenever he heard the gain than 7! pounds. "Jack Bean"
,aslarge: ; poultry business and market pay. Good food and regular habits for men the train: Respecting the of almost no value, as it was
.r' r. .'.No; not to save him. ,The success of the and good food and.cleanliness'for fowls reverence for the monster which by the cattle, and even after '
:;t "poultry? business is gauged by'his experience and there will be less requirements for yet in the State as .a superstition, taught to eat it the gains were

'fi ': and,by,his keeping strictly within the doctor and for medicine for either.I 1887 was a religion in full flower, small. Copies of the bulletin can
: :the limits of that which he knows. Then ...... gineer stopped on each run for four free by writing to the directior of

fsj; J let; him! enlarge gradually and carefully. Green Cut Bone.A .- to persuade him gently to leave ,Agricultural College, Miss.
:. J-There.is no money in a large plant for the pound of cut bones three timesa knots and cordwood. At last, farms near the cities can usually -
?' "t. 'person that has not run a small one successfully week is a fair green ration for ten fowls. It humanity, which aroused no to better use than growing stock '
;T i and learned the details of the main business but the fruit
: is not a fatening food but is productiveof the trainhands assembled by grow-
bU81n f8.thoroughy.H.] ,B.. Geer in market gardener will be surprised
w : growth and eggs. Farm, Field and to see that hog demolished. Ie
." 1 .t. 'Farm, Field. and Fireside. *; Fireside says,"we urge our readers to feed the track-and extra. speed was how much stock he can run in as a
,"- .'. .-[' )! fresh cut bone to make chicks grow and from fat pine knots thrown into the if he really gives it his atten-
The stock will be aid rather
..i r k: The Chick's Instinct. make hens lay. If you haven't a bone nace with malice prepense. The an -
cutter get one, or club with one or two raised its head'' in surprise when detriment, onsuming much which
}), t ;.'h :Have you'ever wondered at the unerring neighbors to get one, and rent it to your was made, ana, seeing that he could otherwise go to waste soilfrom and provid-
;r.f J instinct manifested by little ,chicks neighbors at ten cents an hour. A good no fun with the hands that day, to enrich the which
: 'almost' ag soon as they come out of the bone cutter is'a most valuable additionto down the track at a swinging gallop.But has been taken.
'/II.: 'shell?', How quickly they scratch and dig the farm machinery, and will pay for the engineer meant ; fat hog ari'q the milk cow are 'the .
,f, rand'roll in',the soft earths and how they itself in a short time both in eggs and in opened the throttle finish that factors for converting our
jf.; ''lark in the sunshine and go through the greater growth of chicks The engine rushed forward with grass and root crops into a con-
P|. motions taking a dust bath-if you but dening speed, the coaches rocked merchantable product: It is a'
ij Coffer, them the opportunity. And they' ladies screamed with terror. coincidence that while our stock

1.-. will,do this just; as readily if their mother I Live Stock. .. hog rushed too, and disappeared upon such a combination food
;\ 'itra silent box, otherwise a brooder, as if dim distance. Twenty miles the lands are kept ih a better state

l" they were running with a hen. But what: ..-:-- - train was 'stopped by the by,having produced this vari-
a litUechlck"most is to be rotation.
'i\' -delights constantly THE FLORIDA HOG; gesticulations of a woman tucked /
;.}y :.: on the move, constantly feeding the crotch of a tree by the side business of stock feeding has never
: With what overdone. Home production of I
.. or- exceeding de- Yclept the Razorback.Our track. She was a Boston .
flight they venture out into the bigworld The hog had pushed down the the feedingof it to good stock is ;
t_-.-their sharp little eyes spying out hun- readers will bear witness that we the schoolhouse and was regaling branch of agriculture,
rt "!iredsmin1t! insects and grubs. Do' have not neglected the subject of this self on the bacon and hominy, the who follows it steadily and in-
,,1,,we take' the hint and supply these conditions sketch, nor his particular friend, the ; books and benches left to his mercy. rarely has reason to complain
; as far as poeaible? Or do we dump Florida Legislature, thai was May we little crackers had gone home in calling does not pay. -
: ) 'a lot'of food before them to gorge on and hope better things from the one that is, glee, but the woman climbed up farmers get what stock is easiest
i f I then: coop them up in a little 3x4 pen. or will they keep on the statutes of Flor- she could see the rails, and and keep what they have because
;;".f Exercise; and employment for ida the 500 inhabitant hog law.and 1,200 leave on the first "conveyance." it, neither:being good reason.
"JL yields,' quadruple this for growing chic inhabitant cattle law, and discourage the The hands lifted her down, makes a mistake he gets
:t ?and you have a rule worth pinning your immigration of settlers, with ideas andcapital clined to tackle the hog again, on his unprofitable wares, for he can-
:'s/feith toV ,Of course there are days when economy anchenergy, good mor- plea that they wanted to make the loss both on them and '
.J'/ /'tD w atlier will not allow for this search aLnmd good citizenship? The following within the week. he might havesold in their place. ,
t'-for: ti it'Vhat a small thing it is to by -WalTOn" in the Florida Citizen, is i t farm there is room and feed for -.

f:.;.rbttiypin'head. : oatmeal or millet seed in another racy description of that wonderful FEEDING FOB BEEF-Bulletin certain amount of stock.-Indiana, -
','t, .eeyiij, inches of sand or hay chaff sevr animaL Speed the time when his the Mississippi experiment station' .*.--.
< .
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S '. -'. .>': ;-':':;: :...- *<.f ;..:.:. t':;,.. .


.. ,
L ..
LI 6
\ .
.. ... 328 ..----- # mIl' I'LOBIDA: PABMEB ,AND FBUTT-OBOWEB. \ MAY 22;

'-, -

Slate News Our Rural Home. or twice Vhile drying and they will be jar; bottle it closeiy. The longer you
soft and clean. ,
keep it the better it is./ When ''
........... 'you
- ""'- ELIZABETH.To want to use it, fill a gaillon pitcher

TEe acreage in velvet beans will be I Summer' Belts: '.P nearly full of fresh, swe etened water,
tenfold larger in Orange county this. For Our Rural Home. -* Wash Handkerchiefs.For add some of the preps ation' already
year than ever before. It is by far Belts will be about as varied as"during Our Rural Home. .. described and a few drfcps of essenceof

the best mulching ever tried for groves, i .last season, perhaps: more so. Lace handkerchiefs are very fash lemon, and you willJ find it very
.. it exterminates weeds and grass, shades i In'extreme styles the chain belt has ionable just now and some of the most good, costing almost (nothing. To
and fertilizes the soil, and the bean taken the place of the "gold'lace belts ,expensive ones are very beautiful every gallon of sweete /ed water;add''
is an excellent feed for stock.-Or- of last year;,these are of fickle or sil- but'they can be very easily spoiled in; a half tumbler of beer; \ ._

.. lando Reporter. ver plate, some oxidized. the laundry. They should give no ---:N..- t.. '
In kid belts, one can get nearly ..
1 hint. in appearance that they have Two Soups.
With dewberries by the thousandsof
color of the rainbow
quarts, ,to be had for the picking; I every light dull shades, that are, especiallythe so pop been washed if possible. No starching Bean Soup, with Pork-Wash 1'to
with fish and crabs in abundance and _ular"shirt-waist wear. or ironing is necessary and shouldnot cupfuls of good navy beans and put
easily caught, almost: at their very Red kid is another extreme style of touch them if they are to look soft on the stove in a kettle with half a
doors the* of and new.. gallon of water and and of
poor people Pensacolaare belt, these to be worn with the scarlet a.Jpiece fat
.blest, and are sure of a dinner and ox-blood taffeta blouses :Make a hot suds of ivory soap, rub salt pork about the size of a coffee cup,
evary day, at no cost further than a much in favor. -so. very all the soiled spots with soap and put or a little larger. ,Let them boil for
little exertion.-Pensacola News. White kid belts will be them into the suds allowing them to about three hours, adding water as it
worn some,
but soak several hours; then shake and becomes necessary. If at the end of
not last
Thousands of dollars worth of vegetable In rich extensively belts to wear with as handsomesilk season. squeeze them, rinse in clean water, in that time the beans are quite soft, stir
lands, thousands of dollars waists considerable which has been dissolved a little gum. Up two tablespoonfuls of flour in a half'
.worth of beautiful private gardens and one sees hanoj arabic. Squeeze dry and smooth cup of sweet,cream or milk, and addto
embroidery especially on satin
hundreds of thousands of dollars worthof moire relour, and fine each handkerchief on a clean mirrorto the soup, stirring it until it thick.
a of velvet
pineapple plantations in-this. county quality dry. Take 'a pin' and pick each ens. If the pork has not made it,

are to be left to'the mercy of a few Sometimes especially when an Eaton i :. point and scallop. out smoothly. salty enough,* add salt to suit taste,
hundred dollars worth of cattle and is ; M. M. also a little pepper, if desired. This
jacket worn 'with the waist'the .
t <
hogs-so says our State Legislature. makes a very :good and at the same
front '
assumes a pointed girdle effect.
Culinary Hints to Amateur Cooks.
Sun. time
Tropical economical
A very"handsome one was seen recently To be able to prepare a good, whole-
The remarkable freedom of the 'with a white canvas ,outing suit some meal is a valuable accomplish. Vegetable Soup-Into.a half gallonof
Manatee County Tobacco Company'scrop over a blouse of lilac taffeta; it was of ment-an accomplishment within the water put a good.size piece of salt
from the usual damage from: white moire, embroidered with lilac reach of every woman ,who is willing pork and boil for half an hour. Pare
is Asiatic /ilo and overshot with fine two or three potatoes, wash, and slice'in
worms due to a careful attention on to give time and thought to the work.If .
'the of :Mr. gold thread. cold water, and add to the soup
part Teasley to the proverb you do not,care enough about haying '
that Another'that would"look suitable stock just made. Cut a halfhead of
"the early bird gets the to good food to exert yourself a little,
worm,". for the hands have been at weir with any suit i is. of( find black you must give up all hopes being cabbage in fine-strips, also a small
work in the fields regularly! at day bengaline wrought ,in scroll,:outline successful at the plainest kind of onion, and add these to the stock.
light destroying the cut worms before with three shades of cardinal Asiatic cooking.Use When the vegetables are cooked,, add

they were out of sight, and consequently etching silk ; black buckles were of f good ingredients; do not try to waterMand pepper, if necessary, and
*the stand is almost perfect course used. economize by using ah inferior grade mix up a tablespoonful of flour or'

and leaves with holes are very :rare. In tennis belts the' favorite is crocheted of anything. Do not cook by .'' uess;;' ,cornstarch in water or milk, stirring
-Manatee River Journal. ones,of,course, especially with select a tested recipeand follow it in slowly until the soup thickens. Serve
the men.f 1k. They are crocheted in closely. Do not add a little more of very hot, as it is, much better than

.Mr. E. H. Willis, of Oakland, was plain, tricot or star-stitch with Victo- one thing or a little less of another, when cold. ,
in' the city this morning.. He says ria knitting silk or B. &.A. crochot believing it will be just as good. Use CLARA DRURY BARRETT.:
the recent rains are doing'the gardeners silk two' .
spools being needed. Thisis
the same cup, spoon, ,etc., for measuring 5
a great amount' of good. The tomato really a very nice gift for the college all the ingredients. Close'atten The sick man knocking at the doorof
crop'is fine and growers are beginning boy, or athletic friend.In tion to little matters at this time often health, gets in if he knocks the .

to ship. Mr. J. H. Sadler novelties for tennis orv bicycle makes the difference.bet ween success right way, and, stays out if he doesn't '
exbects to ship 500 crates this week. belts, comes the cross=stitch of '
one, end failure in cooking. There are thousands of ways of getting -
He has seventeen acres planted to plain black, tan or white canvas, (the Have good utensils to work with. sick, but only one, way to get
that vegetable and hopes to get 5,000crates loose weave). Persian and Grecian A good clock in the kitchen is neces well. Do whatever you will, if you:
'' of tomatoes. He has staked designs are chosen, and a number of sary. You should know how long to do not put your digestion in.good order
his plants and pruned to one or two colors used; Asiatic-Caspian silk is best cook every article of food which you I and make your blood rich and,
stems. By this method he gets' a for this work as it is slack twisted.
prepare. Have a table giving the pure, you will not get well. Rich,
much finer (1 uit. ,
Many others are Very few white canvas (plain) belts time for boiling and roasting and pure blood is the only thing that can'
working the same plan and are pleased will be.worn. in convenient health.
with the broiling hanging a place, bring perfect Constipation is
results.-Orlando Reporter. ELIZABETH.Wash for reference. MARY B. KEECK. a disease of the blood. A large part
Thousands of tourists visit this famous i $4 .. .. of all diseases are traceable directly to

east coast section- of the state. Our Rural Home: Gloves.Por Tomato Wine and Beer. impurities in the blood and can be

and the fame of the "Flagler Hotels" Many object to the odor of gasoline, Answering an inquiry, from a subscriber cured by eliminating them with Dr.Pierce's .

is wide-spread, and yet we meet hun- naphtha and other quick-cleaning prep- for a recipe for ,tomato wine Golden Medical Discovery.
dreds of people who -"go wild" over arations, while wash-leIther if sub- :Mrs. M. C. Spar km an sends the fbl 1, The firsf thing it does is to put the
our magnificent pineapples, and ask-: jected to the regulation washing belies lowing : whole digestive system into perfect or

"Where do you ship,your pineapples ; its name, and becomes stiff and [un Tomato Wine- Take ripe, fresh tomatoes der. It stimulates the appetite; ex
we never see such these in cites a copious secretion of the' "
pines as shapely. As white and yellow wash mash fine strain digest
market?" Few people seem to know gloves will be worn very ive fluids and promotes assimilation.It .
nearly as much as a'fine sieve, sweeten with good to
how pines grow, and sometimes ask i if f last year, it is well to know how to suit the taste, set it away .in an earth searches out disease germs where "ti
they do not grow on trees? With a cleanse them at home. or glass vessel nearly full ever they may be, kills them and for:
ern ; cover
desire to show these how ces them out of the The'"h
people opines The following is recommended as tight, with 'the exception of a seta system.
grow Mr.. E. P.; Porcher, general :' safe and very satisfactory. To every hole for the refuse to work off "Golden Medical Discovery"has been
agent of the Indian River and quart of hot (not warm) water add one its fermentation. When it is done used with unvarying success for over: '
take Worth Pineapple Growers' association teaspoonful of olive oil 3o'years.
pure ;wash the fermenting it will become pure and .
intends to send to the cities gloves .in this, rubbing ivory soap clear. Then bottle; cork tight. A -'--- .f-----
throughout the union, where the association (common yellow will John H. Miller of has
soap not do) little salt improves its flavor; age improves Tampa, just.
has agents, fine specimens of f upon'the soiled spots. If necessaryuse it.Tomato. returned from Honduras with a lot of
pineapple :plants with fruit upon them, a second supply of water and oil, Beer-Gather" the fruit oncea India rubber trees, which he proposes
and this will not only make a fine display but this'will not be needed unless the week; stem, wash and mash it j to replant in Hillsborough county.

but show the people how'thiS; gloves are very soiled and you have a strain through a coarse bag. To every : "

magnificent attention fruit grows, thus attracting number of pairs. Wring through wringer gallon of the juice add.a pounds" FOR HOARSENESS, COUGHS, ASTHMA
and tfie
pineapple grower shakeout and place ,near the fire, good,brown sugar. Let it stand nine AND, BRONCHIAL TROUBLES, tae:
will be amply repaid for the expense but not too close. days ; then pour it off from the'pulp, "Browns Bronchial Troches Sold
incurred-Florida Star. ,
J Rub softly between the'hands'once which will settle in jhe bottom of the only in boxes. Avoid imitatiOI1l.LI .

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', .
r WAR Farm Talks. to the full depth of the spade, and mix
WOUPED. IN some manure wit it, letting it remain in Experience
'Ii. "b't': < Jones-A good many years' ago an old the bottom of the trench. Then open'another
;: Jr' gentleman said to me, "Let me show you similar trench alongside the first
T\\INr f ,THE ABDOMEN AT CUMBERLAND the-effects of subsoilmg. Here are two the
; one, and fill the first trench! with top has proven conclusively that
GAP. This
patches of strawberries.' one was soil. Treat the bottom of this trench as
L < a hole dug in the groundsome thus better and peaches,
,' '- / planted over the first one was treated, and go grapes .
{'," 7., three feet deep' for some purpose till the whole has been dug.in
,\ Blifid,:r; [vMufumatlc and Dropsical. A and the other over ground dug spade this over filling in square the'last trench with and more of them,are produced

-,.': ', eeionel la Given Over. to' Die. deep." the soil way taken from the first one. This when Potash is liberally ap-
f ,
W the Old Soldier Gave .
\ The contrast .between the two patches subsoiling should be repeated once in
F insure full of
> Aznterthe Slip. plied. a crop
,! ., was wonderful. The one had a fine growthof four or five years. r .
'' E a News" ,BatboumUle;Kentucky.I' luxuriant foliage while' the other was., Smith-I see the same authority says: choicest quality use a fertilizer
: and lifeless. is the main standby in
stunted Stable manure
I' flfee"year 1863, while in command ofTataa but it will be an advantage, containing not less than '10%
'Regiment at Cumberland Gap, Smith-Did he explain the cause of the garden gvtfen
filled with
of Flat Licks .KenYteekyzeceivei disparity in appearance? as the becomes vegeta-
;(Jeleae1 Messer, now ,
; fertilizers
1"-- a severe gunshot woundin JoneS-No. He was a plain uneducated ble matter, to change to artificial Actual Potash.Orchards

his abdomen. In a few months he man and simply knew the effects. :' with an occasional dressing of lime .

was again in the saddle,. but soon was The ground was kept moist and porous at the quantity 2,000 pounds of freshly
.obliged to undergo further medical treatment where it was loosened,up deeply and the' slacked" lime to the acre, applied in the and vineyards treat-

and his'condition became so seri- plants not only had moisture but the fall.
had opportunity to spread them- Jones-Stable 'manure, when we were ed with Potash are comparatively -
rioua that in the winter' of 1863 he re- roots an ,
turned to his'home and was never againfit selves and forage for plant food. boys was the sole reliance for fertilizing I free from insects and

for active service.. During the years Smithy-When a boy I was one day dig garden and field, and old Peter Henderson -
in time. I dIscov- the great' gardener and seed man plant disease.
at'have since passed, Colonel Messer ging post holes a dry ,
has been a confirmed invalid from the effect ered that where the ground was plowedit used to say, that when you could get good AD about Potash-the results of its actual experiment
of his wound, and has been under ,was moist dow to a depth of three stable manure delivered,on the groundfor on the best farms in the Unite States U
p feet but where it had not been plowedit $3.00 a ton it 'was not necessary to told in a little book which we publish and will gladly
of the physicians ,
the constant'care ,
commercial fer mail free to any farmer in America who will write for it.
not improving, but growing worse as the was hard and dry nearly that depth. trouble one's self about GERMAN KALI WORKS, ,
years rolled on. His condition eventu- With my reasoning, I thought it strange tilizers. j 83 Nassau St.,New Yak.
ally-became; deplorable. Almost blind, that ground loosened up would not dryant Smith-And yetexperience'proves, that'
than when left chemical fertilizers with or after stablemanure
swollen, so that he- was unable to more quickly
the doctors who could, do nothingto packed through winter and spring.. givfe most remarkable results. a small quantity last season and was
.. walk arrest of the disease, di- Jones-You did not then know that Jones:-In the South an all-the-year amazed at the result. In this plant I

agnozed it the'progress;as dropsy,.and said recovery the loosened soil made mulch that pre garden should be the aim. I see that see the way' open not only to raise
; impossible vented evaporation and retained the Prof. Massey says that with the cold the forage and'grain we need for our

I was The old soldier did not half" believe his moisture. frame can be grown many things that are stock, but to enrich my high land with-
but'&aid thatsincethey'couldao Smith-Neither did I know anything grown in fine heated greenhouses in the out much expense for commercial fer-
physicians', Cold frames used for tilizers. The bean can be planted in hills
'p nothing for him, he would, upon an about capillary action but supposed the North. are grow- ,
friend's recommendation try farmer was wholly dependent for moisture ing lettuce during the winter months, similar to corn, and at any date after
old strong ,
_, Dr. \V lla na'"Pink Pills for Pale People. for his crops upon the rains,and dews heading cauliflower in the late winter danger of frost is past. I planted an acre

,The first box was taken by CoL Messer from the heavens that'fell' upon the sur and early spring, for sowing seeds of radishes two weeks ago, putting the seed in every
't to directions and by the time face. in winter, and seeds of cabbage, to- fourth furrow, dropping each seed about

1 ; vithat'according was. gone, he' felt, so much easier Jones-Our orange growers have dis- mato, egg plant, etc., in late winter, for twelve inches apart. Shall plant anotheracre

"j"';; 1 and more comfortable, that several other covered that capillary action will bring up setting afterward .in open ground, and in June. .
procured, and he continuedto moisture from below even where the w also for hardening off the tender plants With a small hand-mill, I can grind
take them faithfully. Soon the swelling ter line is from twelve to twenty feet be- ', that have been' started early, either in the the beans and be somewhat independentas

-in his legs disappeared and with it low the surface, If the surface is properly greenhouse or hotbed.SmithWhile to feed during the winter. Should
rheumatic with which he cultivated or mulched even on sandy land the town garden shouldbe our fanners plant this bean quite gener-
the pains cultivated with the spade hundreds of thousands of dollars,
r had long suffered. Strangest of all, his that does not need subsoiling. principally ally,
., eyesight, which for so many years had Smith-In' many parts; of the South and hoe,the farm garden' which may be that is now sent! North for grain and hay,
here is hard clay subsoil near the much more extensive, should be so laid would be
!'if5.;. been useless, was restored.. ; a ? very saved.Yours
:- In aU,-Colonel Messer took Dr. Will- surface and then snbsoiling becomes nec out as to economize labor by the use of truly,

iams1 i Pink Pills six month, and then essary for the double purpose of overcoming the horse and plow, by making it longer t JNO. E. ENNIS.
the wet and condition ofthe than its width giving long rows of vege-
both dry
;, was thoroughly cured. He now is a Curing Cow Pea Fodder.A .
: healthy looking man, rides on horseback; earth,both of which conditions tie farmer tables that may be plowed with much
contend with. tess time than required by hand. correspondent of Coleman's
and stands as much fatigue as any man has to .
JonesMy attention,,was called to the ones-I have learned that rotation of World says: "The, best and most abundant

*, of The his'Colonel age: ,since his recovery,is never subject in considering the question of crops is necessary in good gardening. yield of fodder may be produced by

tired of descanting on the virtues of these more general gardening: in the South-I Leguminous, cereal or root crops should sowing one bushel Whippoorwill peas
succeed each other. It harrow once then sow one.half
acre ,
the family garden. not immediately per ;
and advertisement that he mean
; pills,' every and sends to Smith-The RURALIST has certainly is well to change about their place in the bushel millet, and harrow again. Cut
finds he carefully clips, some should not be followed when the millet is in the dough stage. I
sick friend or neighbor, with the assurance urged the necessity 01 the family garden, garden.; Early peas
another like have cut two tons to the acre of this
<<: that they will cure him.The1high both for economy and luxury. by leguminous crop
standing of Colonel Messer, 'Jones-Yes, and to make a successful snaps but should be succeeded by sweet combination. Peas are difficult to cure,

and'his remarkable makes this :. garden anywhere in the South the householder torn, salsify or other crop for which thereis much more so than rank clover; but the
recovery and must adapt himself to his condi- time. Early beets can be followed by : millet, which cures quickly, prevents the
than usually interesting;
.4- report more bush lima beans I from moulding. Cut when dew is
when it was received at the office of Dr.WiUiam8' tion. He may have a garden spot whereit snaps, early onions by andsnaps peas "
Medicine Co., it was referred is almost pure sand and he will haveto and successive crops of sweet corn off, and handle as clover.. ..
11 :f &Herndon the well- make it more compact the introduction can be planted as long as there is a
> to Messrs.; Phi'pps the As a rule large seeds require a deeper
chance for their making a crop for
animal fertilizers
\;> *r: known' druggists of Barbourville, Ky., of humus, by .. covering than small ones and late plant-
for verification. We append the-reply: muck, or by growing, leguminous plants: table. ing requires deeper planting than early
he have a stiff clay soil that will Smith-Good judgment,careful thought, advanceseason
.. BABBOUBVILLE,KT., Aug. 18, 1896. or need the may introduction of sand as well as and a good deal of industry would enable as the greater warmth of the
-V: Dr. William Med. Co., householders with reaches more deeply into. the
: ., other elements, or he will have to trench Southern farmers and "
Schnectady, N. Y. and drain it. the use of the glass covered frame tp have earth.

GENTLEMEN Yours of August 14th to 1 Smith In a small village garden it will fresh vegetables on their tables every There is hope for the farmer as well as

hand, enquiring aj>out testimonial written I pay,whatever the conditIons preparethe month in the year. others who does not* know it all and is

by Mr. Sampson>concerning Colonel soil in the'most thorough manner and Jones-In the past three years >& good anxious to learn.

Messer k, Ky., will say that enrich it by anything containing plant many have been compelled to do something A good summer wood pile of seasoned

... the'core of Colon Messer was considered food that. comes from stables, outhouse, in the garden line who never did it :wood will enable the farmers wife to be
almost miraculous, and he claims chicken roost or pig pen. before, and when they once know the more prompt with the family meals.
Pink Pills did it Jones-I recently saw in one of Prof. laving and luxury brings they- may be ..'" ..
Wk -- Yours truly, Massey's articles some good directions) for relied upon to have better, one every HOW'S THIS!

PmPPs & HERNDON. making ready the garden spot. Let me year.-Southern Buralist. We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewardfor

Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain, in a read it to you: _--_.A.--- any_ case of _Catarrh .that cannot be
all 'the elements In a small town garden it will always .The Velvet Bean. by Hairs -i.tcured Cure I IF.

necessary to give I pay to prepare the soil in the best possible .J. CHENEY&CO., Props.,Toledo, 0.

blood and restore shattered nerves. Theyare manner. For such small grounds the I note with pleasure the article on We the undersigned, have known F.

also a specific for troubles peculiar to English custom of trenching is the most the velvet bean by Minnie G. Mills. J. Cheney for the last 15 years,and we believe .

f' females, such as suppressions! irregularities effective, and the spade and the digging This bean has been quite generally cultivated him perfectly honorable in all business !-
and all forms of weakness.' They fork,the best tools. If the upper soil is in this section of Florida as an transactions and financially able to

# build up.the blood, and restore the glow mellow and sandy, and the immediate ornamental climber, giving shade and carry out any obligation made by their
'' of health to pale and sallow cheeks. Into subsoil is a tenacious clay.it will not be beautiful flowers in profusion. Recentlyit firm.

"'+ men.they effect a radical cure in all cases advisable to deepen'the soil by turningit has been discovered to be of great WEST &TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists,

arisingltornmental worry or overwork. upside down and bringing that clay to ;.value as a forage plant. It is 'a more Toledo, 0. WALDINO, KINMAN & MAEvnr -
the surface In this case it is beet to than the field doing Toledo 0.
Pink Tills are sold in boxes (never in rampant grower pea Wholesale Druggists: ,
I loose bulk) at 50 cents a box or six! boxes trench the.garden. well on ordinary high pine land with Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
,for $2.50, .and maybe' had of all druggists To do this, begin on one side of the little or ho fertilization. acting directly upon the blood and mu-

f: or: direct by mail by addressingDr. square and cut a trench the full depth of All animals seem to like the foliage, cuous surfaces of the system.. Price 75c.

.,Williams'; Medicine Company Schen- the mellow soil, and remove the earth to especially sheep, who will leave all other per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Testimonials -

t 'f ectadyN.r.- the opposite square. Then dig the clay grasses and vines for the bean. J planted free. ,

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*- :330. -. J sU.. FLORIDA: 7ABMBB AND 1RtITOBowsa.t. btA'r .22 ".'"
,. ., ...
-\ .---: ',.
fi Florida Finn: and Fruit -Grower tically plac very railroad in: Flondaundef The Tennessee Centennial.A was paid from a fund raised by the'' '' e.

r.. a receiver.' If the commission: glance at, the buildings and children themselves. The productsof .:

A Weekly Newspaper published at: 16 Main ers do:all the things made and provided grounds: the Tennessee Centennial the fields will be displayed in'what "': :

Street. Jacksonville.;HA.: for them in this extraordinary Exposition will at once assure, the beholder many will .consider the gem of the ,

;! document! ,,they ought to have half a i that nothing of similar import exposition group: of buildings, j It is ,.
TKBMB Or 8tJB8CBIP- ION, dozen clerks l apiece and a salary "of f has ever been presented on this con- in Renaissance style] of architecture. -

lot One Year ............fxoo $10,000 a year, while the railroad tinent, with the exception of the 1 and the dimensions are 500 by| 200 ':'$; ., r
For,Mr Mfrfffof fttti-TTtn-tiiTtTi.... .;... 1.00 : officials can-go a fishing. The Legis- World's Fair' at Chicago.The feet. A model exposition l builping is "-:* Ii

Vordgtt Countries .' ........ 3.00 lature has,simply betrayed the people 'exposition "at Nashville fully theMachinery building whichmeas':!".,:, -

; Subscriptions in all case cash,in and prepared a plan to squander places in the shade the' Centennial at ures 375 by 138 feet
adr&nce. No discount allowed on one'sownsubecripti'oa $Ioboo a year of the people's money. the Midwinter Fair in The Auditorium is capable ol\ seat-
(except in a club),but to .The wanted rail- Philadelphia, ,' ,
people a practical ing 6,000 people and is surmounted
all liberal cash commission will California, or'the Cotton States Exposition -
agents road commission; they did not wanta by a tower from which a magnifice
be allowed on /subscriptions obtained at Atlanta, and there are
by them. Write for terms. piece of statutory buffoonftj.Too many points at which it far "exceeds view of the surrounding country can

To every subscriber, new or old, remitting the World's Fair ..at Chicago. For be obtained. The Negro' building is

us $3.00,'we will send the paper one Much Land. \ general beauty of the structures Tennessee a fine piece of work both from an architectural :'

year and, a copy of ,Rolfs' vegetable : The St. Augustine News publishesthe is far ahead of all previous expositions and from a-- builders'_ _n____ _stamt w___: ;'
Growing in the South for Northern --
; point and contains *
Markets post-paid. For two new sub following': ahd every ,structure has a examples o"f f the .
scribers 1 at $ .00 each, we will send, "Here' is another item regardingthe history or story of its own. The work of the colored race. The Gov'ernment '

pa pa ia, a copy ot. Moore's "Orange production of ,tomatoes ,down the buildings at Nashville are for.the most building is modelled somewhat '
I ." after the of the ;. .
reproductions of famous Stiifices style new congressional .
UnRate East Coast. It was told to our informant part
of advertising on application. by one of the neighbors as strictlytrue in the old world, or the style of archi C. library at Washington, D. '. ;
Remittances should be made by check and the names of all the partieswere tecture is based upon historic lines. i There are thirty-six buildings in ; <

postal note money order, or registered. given. Mr. Freeman' Lemon The reproduction of the Parthenon, all; Memphis, Louisville, New York,

letter to order of City measured off what was thought the Acropolis of old Greece, is a mar Rhode Island, Chicago, all have separate '
rjjaass VSUIT '
AND qsowjsR buildings and different
Jacksonville FlaChas. t6 be one acre of land and,leased it to vellous achievement, a piece of organi ,
i "frozen music" it has been called. zations.also have homes bf their own. '
.W.DaCoda,Business Manager. Mr. Peters.' It was in i!pet a little
less, but it, was worked forjill it was Some of the advantages of this ex- :In addition there is ""Vanity Fair"m .'

Moore'i Orange Culture............ 81 00 worth, and, produced.. 1,100 crates of i position are: A Jine of railway tracks where will be found the famous .
Rolfs' Vegetable Growing in the streets of Cairo the Ostrich Farm "
each and deal ,
z South for Northern Markets.... 12 s tomatoes which netted over two dollars enters building a great trained
per crate. At that rate Florida's of handling is thereby avoided. The animals, German and Japanese .

CONTENTS: sand is more auriferous than Califor- grounds are located' within ten or fifteen Village, Cyclorama. Battle of .:

4 n a.s.' gold,mines." minutes' ride of the business Gettysburg, etc.

Mushrooms as Pood................. ........ 322. ,At Winter Haven there. are ,said to centre of the city, the' capital city of A very prominent feature will be' .
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Imon Culture,by' be five thousand of the State; and yet are located amid the. livestock'exhibit or horse and ,
Professor: T. Swin 1e..................., 323 acres tomatoes, ol the cattle show. A of
and at this should one most picturesque sylvan large sum money
Fig Culture In the Gulf States, No. 3......,.. 324 rate they net over is
The Little Cull Peach ; Washington's "Little ten million dollars! .The trouble is scenes imaginable. The stately to be given as premiums and;\\j

Florida'.................... ............... 325PWERY with ourimpulsiyecountrymen, they structures stand out in their pearly medals and parades will be an impor- .:
-Fine Culture 'Around Orlando want the earth for a farm. This 'man whiteness like dewdrops on the emerald tant feature, and flower shows 'and / ,

No. 2............. .,............. ........ 325 who did well the sward and the flowers and foliage aJuatic'displays will 'be intersperesd,)->'''-
The Pineapple Tariff........................ 326 planted an acre ; men and make with the amusements. "I
|;:r Tobacco In Manatee............... ......... 326 who planted a hundred acres apiece sparkling waters upa :.\ .:."
'* POULTRY The Poultry Business the Peo -well, what with frost, blight, cutworms scene that conveys a marked\ impres .... "
ple's Business; The Chick's Instinct; and the soulless railroads, they sion of the Occident with the richest ." ; ,1
More Common Sense i Green Cut Bone.. 327 mostly -had bad luck." coloring of the Orient. Plant Inspection Bill Faulty. : : .."

J4VB, STOCK-The Florida Hog; Peeding for A in South Florida is The first building, the Parthenon, Professor F. W. '
Beef.................. .........._........ 327 man said to is filled with of the choicest Mally. a prominent, ,
State News................................... 328 have clearedon an acre of strawberries, some art nurseryman of Texas, in a letter to the;. ;.
OUR RURAL HOMB-Summer Belts; Wash last season over $1,800. This,spring treasure,of the two continents.: In Galveston News, thus criticizes the' .

Glares; To Wash Handkerchiefs;Tomato he had twenty acres and he told a front of this building stands the bill now pending before Congress for ", .," '

Wine and Beer; Two Soups................ 328 friend of ours, before the shipping sea statute of Pallas Athense forty, feet in the inspection of plants and trees.: .'' ,
Farm Talks; The Velvet Bean; Curing, CowPea son began that he would take height, modelled by :Miss Enid Tan- He says : :
Fodder.....,.....__..........,....,,. Sag not : dell of Tennessean :
daughter after "Sections "
EDITORIAL The Railroad Commission Bill $20,000 for his prospect. If he a i, 2,,3 ana provide for .
Too Much Land; Stetson University;; cleared a hundred dollars he did well, 1 the gem in the Parisian Louvre. The the inspection of all, kinds of nursery '

The Tennessee Centennial; Plant Inspection and he came near having an attack of History building closely resemblesthe stock and propagation material, and '

,Bill Faulty............................ 330 nervous,prostration. structure that stood near the Par also fruits imported to the United< '.
Markets; New York Retail Markets.......,. 331 thenon on the Acropolis, and will contain States. The penalty for attempting ;,
Weekly Crop Bulletin; Canada Wood Ashes.. 332 I relics of the who have made -
'What is Manure?..,............. .. ....., '..... 334 Stetson University. men to import trees, scions or fruits infected
How to PerU1 e............................... 336' The twelfth annual catalogue of history and whose names are as with dangerous insect pests or fun: : ,..
the John B. Stetson University, ,of f household words in Tennessee.' gus diseases is heavy, and justly so; \ .

Weather in Jacksonville. DeLand, .is on our table; It is a very A remarkably> handsome structureis Tor certainly measures looking to ,.the !

Week Ending May IS, i897I' [neat 'and tasteful pamphlet, creditable devoted to hygiene and education. 'accomplishment of such immunity : :.
; .- to local typography, elegantly illustrated The Catholic educational institutions : can not be too rigidly provided for and" ;::",: : '

Ii. iiL- lit 3.e.TB. and, perhaps best of all, fully i iw in of Tennessee have placed the supervision prosecuted. < "
ft w 5 g JlPw and arrangement of their exhibit "In section the first -
arc dexed. It shows a total attendanceof 5 important :;, .
a. a M s ,.
- in the ,charge of the best known omission occurs. It provides for the -. -
students,which does not indicate
170 :
May 12 71 76 87 69 18 78 AS educators in the country. What was inspection of all kitds of : ,
II 13........ 73 78 84 70 14 77 .77 that the institution was fatally! nursery :
.. I4....... 78 known at the World's Fair as theManufacturers' stock and ._
73 87 70 17 78 .03 injured by the rough weather which propagation materials,
.. i5....... 68
i* .. ....... p 8i 65 19 74 .43' and Liberal Arts in the United States which :
16. 65 69 78 .61 17 70 o ; blew the life out of.the orange trees grown may- <
17.., ..". 68 67 7i59 16 67 0 building has been appropriately designated become interstate :<
subjects .
.. 18........ 72 6cJ 76 59 17 6 8 ,0 two years ago. It'has a well-selected corn ..
in the Tennessee, Centennialgroup merce but omits the
- inspection
working library 6,500 volumes _
Mean. ........ an 1
: 71 72 82 65 19 73 11.28 the Commerce
endowment of$99,000 (more is greatly as building, and fruits grown in the state and whichto, r '

I Total rainfall. t needed), six fine and commodious in ft will be exhibited the products of are also subjects. interstate commerce .

1 A. J. MITCHELL Observer. buildings; a campus of eleven acres, the liberal arts. This building is> i in ? The advisability of spending .

... all furnished with the latest modern t4.style of the Corinthian and Ionic: time anc\ money in providing for the ': .; -
educational orders. JTie Mineral and Forestry. rigid inspection of the one and not the -, ,
The Railroad, Oommlssion Bin appliances, even_ to the r
( building is a stately edifice of the other is -
automatic electric signals to indicate a questionable expenditure to =,-
Last week we gave a large amoun the time for changing classes. The, Doric order: of architecture and has'a say the least. It ,should, be remembered .
of to the main sections ;
'of the
space catalogue .something more than the floor'space of 76,889 square feet. that for,any given locality the
new commission bill
and bones'ot The Wonian's building is a.very fruiting orchards are the sources of infection > .'

would dry a college curriculum; it ..
thought we rest for a week ,
imposing affair, but its greatsbeauty st for either the ;
The whole is written with much, literary skill, being fruit-grower or '
matter impresses us as a; lies in the
variety and richness the .
wood _
which within.itself, almost a treatise on nurseryman. Propagation ; -
withholding Governor, the theory of education. of its contents. It is the choicest is almost universally taken from bear. ,.: ,:, z :
: l his
,by' signature, refused .. .. example of art, and woman's tact and ing trees whenever the same are =acce ', ., .,r: .
:to unanimous have any- part or l lot It was too Do not plan twice as much work'as you skill is observable in every lector sible. It must, therefore, be evident. :- ;;;;. -
by half. It -
.nearly pro do. The of the
can cost Children's building that the nurseryman needs protection *> .
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..: : ';18t7t :_ : : THB FLORIDA .FABHBB AND PBUIT-GROWER. 331 .

.., .-. t'.. ... "
L" .... : J ,--- 1 .. UHF .
.-.}r.'t JStrees :. with .
:: from th'eill' d t, bearing Markets.

!.E ,.'-si'whichcaie-<" 7 they be infested, iiitectkm ..

,- J 'orsuchtIoutd, be provided for, JACKSONVILLE FLA.' May 21, 1897.; ,

:;-r: :since i ilia:' known that some, of th eIi FRUITS AND PRODUCE. JACISONvxij
Corrected by Marx Bros. ..
1 Ii :... :warsCinsiet! attack the fruit quit These are average quotations. Extra choke The Oldest National Bank in the State. .

; 'i as fredy'a"In ii ,' trees..( lots fetch acl11ower.prices above top quotations. ,while poor
lots .
": : the*', ys of!rapid progress and ............................bbl 3.SO OHAETEEED, 1874. OHARTE EXTENDED, 1894.
y and Pines wanted.. .......... X crate 2.ooto2.S0
: .the.hlg1L; of jthe general Lemons( Messina:.............u box 3.00 .tregffssis&M methods this bank hat achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
!{' ess nurserymen are com English Peas dried,.............bu 1.25 leaitimale deDWldJ. -
4 'agricuturalpelled and self Peanuts,best brand...... '........ ?04 to. .05 draSoSTp sell foreign and, domestic exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing our own .
:: as a itter of business demandPotatoes. of the world. ,
-.. be thoroughly in Cabbage,Burbank..bbl: .. ........ I.SO We invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business relations, assuring I- that Ton"- .
J. rpresen: to : : It .........t.s barrel lots 1.40 fa\ shall at aU times receive intelligent and careful attention ..

M1formed., jiftxrat: these various injurious '.".................... sack 1.25, j 'R. .
but few .........ssacklots 1.20
1'... J jKitelujd diseases,.and' with Onions. Fla.un.......... ...-.. crate 1.25101.5Peas President. Cashier.
s no effort on their '''part uspared ,black eye...............bushel 1.5 1\
: exceptio .
._ fromInfection. broah-eye...................bu 1.5 Same Deposit Boxes For Rent.
.f to protect their nursery ........ ......bu 1.35II _
There is consequently less Whippoorwill..............bu I.SOIi ... ,
Bed Rippers...............bu 1.5 '-.
-k danger. of the widespread dissemination -. Bggs............ ...........::...doz .12. ItradIey Redfiad.. Eugene B. RttJUtt. f
of injurious insects, etc.,, ESTABLISHED 1871.
through the transfer of nursery stock VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. QUICK WORK REDFIELD & SON. '
Corrected by Davis&
than through the'hundreds of miscellaneous fellow Yams ............_....bUlh 40 In selling and paring for Fruits an .
!!: '; fruits. Sweet Potatoes .......... .......... .40 etables shipped to us is our motto. W] Commission Merchants
shipments of infested Xubbard squash. .........,......bbl 1.5+ GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS '
Both the orchardist and the nursery. Lettuce.[ .........i..........._doz .15; FIRST PIACB BECAUSE WB NEVER --AMD-
Jelery.Florida...:.....' "' ..-..< .15 to .25; BUY OURSELVES. They are .protected .
man, as a. class, recognize the -importsance Sgg Plants...................!.. bbl 1.50102.9 by our 40 years experience without default. Fruit Auctioneers
; strictest in these.r Tomatoes, .__..............crates 1.25101.51 ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing .. ,
1- : of the, vigilance Sweet Pepper,. .............__.bu 1.50101.7. ana financial stability which any bank or 141 Dock Stfej JAlladelphta,Pa.
: it i is manifestly made- ... ..... ... merchants having mercantile reports can
: : matters, and Green Beans... ... crate soo to 1.00Pumpkins. We handle aU kinds of Fiutu and Vegetables
and omit .....................each .05 to ..11lershaws verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR ,
-quate4o legislate for throne .... ..... .........each .03 to .n METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send either at private sale(which has heretofore been
.r.-e ,the other. Parsley, ...,..._.per doz.bunches demand .your name. for our quotations. Stencil answered.and our custom)or by the auction system, (recently
cards free. letters promptly
-'r, 'The worst feature of the present Green'epper.hot-onions.perdos.._.....-......bunches.bushel .15 to .75.2;;; ? : added to our business)as you may desire.

form of..the bill develops when one lage well cured...............-Jb .25; FRENCH & CO.,
'! lens.. -....- .. 25to 30llooItert
f'T ...: onsid rs.that of the shipments from -,...--.-....--.M.... .20 116 Warren St. New York.
..... ....... ... .a ,
,' locality those from the 1Ia1f.grown. : ;S TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL AT..
(aqy one given
: ; turkeys, .....per pound,gross .xa}
orchard are the most certain to transmit Duw.-.25 to .3C ESTABUSEED 1855.
;_ form reese, .?...-..--...../...35 to ,4c NASHVILLE MAYi.TO
the pest"in its most virulent eeks ............per doz bunches. .2 ,
:andthat: these products.are' exemptedfrom Ladishes. ..................per doz no demand (

inspection. Nursery stock is tncumbers, .,.. ........per bushel bbl. I.SOSpinach .?< green .60 to 1.00; per crate, 5Oc. to 1.00; OCTOBER '3'. -. .

,usually:grown for a-year, or in many alsify febbage....Florida.......per..dozen bunches.... 1.00 to 1.25.2; squash, Fla. white per bbl crate, 2.00 to The building and grounds of the

'cases.two fears"and'\t e probabilitiesare feulinower...............perbbl 3.00 3.50; yellow, 1.25 to 1.50; tomatoes, Fla.,
c 'are that if infested wood has been used Green peas....bunch crate 75 demand to i.oc' best arriving, 1.50 to 2.00; poor to fair, Tennessee Centennial l, i iu numbers and
no '
.. .... .. wction 1.25 to 1.50. architectural beauty Atlanta's
it will be detected( and Florida Honey pound .xc ,surpass ,
!J- propagation New Potatoes.............barrel a.50 to 3.oc FEKNCH. & Co.
f .thoroughly disinfected or destroyed Strawberries .... quart ,08 to ..10Asparagua:1' and nearly equal Chicago's. The ex
.........bunch to 12X
made. Furthermore .. 10
,before any shipments quash...._.........crate .50 to .75 Philadelphia Markets hibits are all ready, and are interest

shipments of nursery stock ..... ing and instructive. The live stock
limited in their Cauliflower, per barrel 2.50 to 5.00;
are power MarketNEW
more or New York
i string: beans, Georgia and South Carolina display excels any exhibition of the
'4 'to.disseminate, inasmuch as they are YoBK.May 17th, 1897. ,green, 1.50 to 2.25'war' ; l.fiO to 2.50,
kind made.
r 'Dot'sold'usually, annually to the same Vegetables-:- Florida, wax and green, 75c 1.50; tomatoes ever '

paftTes, while the fruits go to every Receipts for one week since last Monday choice to fancy, 1.60 to 2.25, fair togood The Midway is great.

: home and castle each year. Should by leading lines: and ordinary stock, 1.00 to 1.50: ; cucumbers The Western and Atlantic Railroad,
it 'choice to fancy per crate or
omitted inspection
either be
,1 Classified vegetables-558 pkgs. onions basket 1.25 to 2.00, ordinary and ii: egu- and the Nashville, Chattanooga and
::must be evident that the one fraught 23,401 pkgs. cabbages, 13,727 pkgs.
tar 75c to 1.00; beets, new Southern, per Louis solid vestibule
,with the least danger to all concerned beans, 27,181 pkgs. peas, 9,722 pkgs. 100 bunches 3.00 to 7.00; squash, per or- St. Railway,.run

** would be the product of the nursery ucumbers, 3,608 pkgs. tomatoes, 129 ange box 1.00 to.1.50; egg plants, choice ;;rains. with Pullman's finest sleeping

:rather than that of the orchard. ikgs. lettuce, 47 pkgs. radishes, 918 to fancy wanted, per orange box 2.00 to cars, from Atlanta to Nashville.Do .
; boxes asparagus. 3.00 ordinary stock, hard to sell 75c to1.50j
..; "From the foregoing it must be evident be but be
not imposed
Unclassified vegetables.-18,170 pkgs. ;peppers, liberal supply, trade slow, upon,
in the bill
w that the deficiencies nd 443 bbl. crates. Of the above receipts per carrier 75c to.1.50; celery, per dozen sure that your ticket'reads by The

could easily be adjusted by providing 57,734 pkgs. came by Penn. R. R., DOc to 1.50 small 10 to 500; new potatoes, J
IS 1for a thorough system of orchard inspection l 6,678 by Ocean 8. 8. Co., 22,202 by O.D. Southern, choice selected Rose 5.00 to WESTERN AND ATLANTIC R.R.,

since the orchard is the direct line, and 1,920 by by .B. & 0..R. R. 100, Reds 4.00 to 5.00, fair to good, Rose AND THE NASHVILLE, CHATTANOOGA -

of both the Potatoes-Receipts today, 9,805 bar- and other varieties 3.50 to'4.b0, seconds .
and original source o ANDST..LOUISR'Y.,
els domestic, including 3,848 barrels, and culls 2.00 to 3.50; new onions, Flori-,
fruit-and the propagation material. A demand' barrel 5.00 Atlanta and Nashville.For .
? southern new. Imports from Bermuda, ia, scarce, good, per etween
k suitable penalty could be inflicted for ,246 bbls The markeffor old potatoesI to 6.50; peaches, only a few'scattering
in orchard when crates along which meet with sleeping car berths, or any in- ,
allowing trees an i rather quiet,but receiOts are not heavy coming ,
known g to be attacked, to remain in.festediwithout and prices are about steady. There is a ready sale at 5.00 to. 8.00 per carrier; ormation'about rates, h'otelor.board-
the application of heroic somewhat larger supply of new arriving, pineapples, Florida arrivals light,demand I house accommodations in Nashville -
The but the offerings are still moderate, and good, and prices firm. Red Spanish selling I I ng
i measures to eradicate the pest. the, demand good. Exceptignally fine, at from 10 to 15c, as to size and con call upon or write to

? proposed bill provides for about one- large, well cured stock reaches 5.60, but dition. C E. HARMAN '
,third of the legislation required to the price is quite extreme and the great EtDFIELD &SOX. ,

: make it'-an effective measure and to bulk of.the business in No. 1 is in range General Passenger Agt., Atlanta, Ga.
enable enforcement to accomplishthe of4.00 to 5.00. Nos. 2 and 3 range down New' York Retail Markets.Ths SPECIAL NOTICE.The round trip .

--; control of and immunity to 2.50 to 325. Bermuda stockris not yet ates to Nashville are, cheaper than
desired on the market ,Bermuda, No. 1,. 5.00 to season for so-called deciduous
from injurious insect pests to other 6.00, No. 2, 3.00 to 4.00; Charleston and fruits from California, which include all laying at home.

t diseases. Savannah, 4.00 to 5.00; Florida, No. 1, except the citrus fruits, began in this -

.. 4.00, to'5.50, Nos. 2 to 3, 2.50 to 3.25. to city last Friday, May.7, with tht: auction
-- Beets, Charleston, per 100 bunches, sale of thirty-six boxes of cherries, at offered are peaches from Newport bot-

Norfolk&N. 0. 2 50 to4 00; $1.50 to |5 each The first shipment ol houses- at |leach; hothouse grapes
Close the most successful 4.00 to 5.00; ,
'''Ir. George Cabbages Sav. and Ch'n., large bbl cherries was made from Vacaville, California from tie same place, at$t pound. and

l potato-raiser in Marion county crate 75c@l 00; small bbl. crate, 75c to ,on April 26th, two weeks later mall muskmelons, from Boston atffentyfive
The first water-
of bbl. crate, 90c to 1 00; than a year ago. But few California or- cents each.
carload 10oN.C.per
4 Monday! sold a potatoes 240. Norfolk; per bbl roc to 753; cucumbers, anges are now arriving, and only four lelons, from Key West, sell for$2 each

barrels: ,. for $840, or $3.50; a barrel in Florida, per basket, 1.00 .to 1.75; per carloads came here last week, against and with the new crop products Easter

R .the field. The prices.this season for crate, 1.00 to 1.50; celery, Florida, per sixty carloads and more a week during leurre, Winter Nelis and P. Barry pears
: these cost from $1 to $1.50
75c February and March. The retail fruit are seen. per
stalks 25c to plants,
,, dozen ; egg
are exceedingly good, and make display now. Besides ozen. No less attractive than the fruits
r. potatoes Florida per half bbl. box, 1.50 to 2.00; stores a gay

our only regret i is that more of our string beans Charleston wax beans, I I cherries, oranges and grapefruit choice are the celery mushrooms and, asparagus,
brilliant perfectly
.. basketil.OO to" 1.50, 1.00 bananas and pineapples are shown, and
truckers have not. engaged in the per 1.25 Savannah wax, 1.00 to 1.50; Fla. large and luscious field and hot-house rmed tomatoes shown in the fancy
,04. to ;
t;:'a.planting of potatoes.-Ocala Banner. wax, .75,to 1.25wax; percrate,75 to 1.25;. strawberries Among the novelties now ruit stores... :-Garden- -and Forestfi' --
1 J-1"- "" -
15B, *. 4 .- _, .
- ." F;(.,. .... -
)i., A.li' : ?. ... ... .
,_' -, .. : ,.. ) I ".--"'" ,. '.
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c t '0'e".'..+it'"" .... ra' .- t

4. "

t z-c-v \
'. .' 332. ...... Tile' PLOEIDA :VABMBB AND' FEUIT-QKOWEB. YAY, 22;.

Weekly Crop 'Bulletin. rain on the 12th beneficial to, most farming operations and growth of to- -

g ;, -" ': -" crops especially oats? ; fine week for matoes, which are being marketed in '1

: rpk,"WEEK ENDING MONDAY,' MAY 17, work.-Frank S. Suber. quantities; corn, cow peas and tobacco -

1897.; Idlewild.-Week. .went by with aplenty growing nfcely. The long drought

The week has been decidedly more of rain ; everything growing injured the orange trees and made

favorable than preceding? one.. Nearly nicely; also, very cool, nice weather. some fruit drop.-Rosenberg.

normal temperatures'and fairly well Cucumbers ready for market; young Citra.-Good shower during the .

distributed rains did much,to improve watermelons on vines.-Abner Rain. week; crops and orange trees improving v LAN Er.
the,condition, of crops. Corn shows Amelia.-Light'rain this*week;; has .-=H. B. Stevens.

a more healthy color and cotton is refreshed things up a little, but more
Southern :District
likewise' improved... Portions of the is needed.-C. H. Jacques. :

Western and, Northern' districts are Macclenny.-Have had good rains Eden.-Good growing week for

replanting cotton.and. corn, where this week, which was beginning to be pine crop, which are fine; water Shortest, Quickest, Most LIrtctive1.IT

germination failed for lack of moist- much,needed; everything has become ,enough to swell the pines and make ""'--'

ure. The,goodly rains have stimulat. favorable, farmers getting their crops growers happy; not quite enough sun- : IJ: E -

ed the growth of tobacco; corn and clean before the rains,land everythingis shine.-T. Richards.. FLORIDA POINTS BETWEEN AND THE NORTH

melons; Nearly all sections' have now doing.well. Oats are good, Jupiter.-Pineapple shipments are THB _

been active planting sweet potatoes. but acreage small;; pear-crop is good, increasing slowly; rains on the lath Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
\ The yield, be much improved some blight but its effects are less and 13th are expected to ripen and

and ofpineapples .will mature in marked than formerly-H. L. Reed. improve the crop generally. W. THROUGH ROUTES.'

condition. Peaches Lake City.-Crops are small and '
a more satisfactory, Cronk. New York to Jacksonville by
and pears will hot' be a full crop; poor stands, and tob dry to plant or Estero.Plenty of moisture New Florida Pennsylvania It. R. to Washington -
worms- are still troublesome, ...' to.cotton-. replant; rain yesterday, ,though nof doing well.-0. F. 1'Amoreaux.: crops NorthernAirLine.and .\Columbia, Southern, Florida Railway Central'to&
though warm weather will rapidly mitigate heavy,_will helD wonderfully." -W. B.Knight Peninsular to all principal
A. MITCHELL points in Florida.
J. ,
the In sections rCoatesyille.This
damage; some
Cincinnati to Harriman Junction
Section Director Fla.
orange:trees showed some slight dam- Week has been Jacksonville, Cincinnati, by Queen & Crescent,
... Harriman:Junction to Ashe-
for ----
have.failed do
age from dry weather; a much improved 'dry crops; oats to Asheville & }ville and Columbia by Southern .

condition, however, is now anything ; corn)is, doing well; cane Canada Wood- Ashes. Jacksonville Central Railway&Pensnsular, and Florida Columbia

apparent. In some central counties not much; peanuts, bad stand and Mr. Fred W. :Morse, 'of the New J to Jacksonville. ,

early corn is in tassel and melons are ,small.M:. N. Coates. Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Cincinnati Qi een & Crescent to Chattanooga
seen-in'market; Vegetable shipmentsare Jasper.-Ten days ago, the corn in' Station,has been examining Canada and Southern R'y to Ever

active, and pineapples are.going this section seemed to be of the."Gol-' wood ashes which is sold in that State Limited.Florida}ette,Florida to all important Central&:Florida Peninsular -

to market in increased' quantities. den Dent" variety and the .cotton'was and he finds the proportion of pot points.

Tobacco is being cut, in some Southern of the small "single gold standard ash so low in some of the cheaper Kansas City Kansas City R. Fort Scott & #"
R.to Kansaa
Memphis ,
countieS. A few sections report the ," but we have had nice showers, grades,,that it looks as if the qualityof andJackao'ville Ito Birmingham,Southern RTy'

., crop*as having been'damaged by.the this week, and plenty of hot weather. the ashes had been deliberately- Thro' Line to Peninsular Everette to," Fla.all Fla.Central points.&;

dry :weather; planting continues over Corn and. cotton are looking very duced by partial leaching, or by mix- Louis to Jacksonville by

; .' a' limited district.REMARKSJBY well indeed; a fair oat crop.-John F. ing leached ashes with dry ashes. Holly Sp'gs 1St. Central Short Line HolIyBp'gs to Du Quoin.,

Smith, Jr. Buyers of ashes should look with suspicion lloute., City, Memphis &: Birmingham
CORRESPO DENTS. rain the to Birmingham,Sou.
McAlpin.-Nice on 13th upon a lot that appears exces- R'y to Everette and F. C.&:P.
Western District: has' put new life into everything. sively moist, for in such cases the pot- Sioux City&:Chicago to Jack

'< Milton.The week has,been warm Crops! look much better and are growing ash is seldom equal to the proportionin Holly Sp'gs. }}sonville.Sp'gs K.,Ill.0. M.Cent.&: B.to to Holly Birmingham .
with local showers, very favorable for nicely. Farmers are plowingcorn average, ashes. In the same stationit Sou. R'y to Ever
ette and the F.C. &:P.
the second time 'oafs are getting has been found that.Paris is
: all 'growing'crops. No improvementin ; green Louis'ille &:Nashllle to Rive
l the fruit'line, which bids fair to bea ripe.-W. C. Black. often adulterated with,earthy matter, Orleans Junction. F.. C. &: sleepers .

failure.-S. D. Allen. Lake Butler-Since> the badly either clay or infusorial earth. Buyers Jack ville To 1 between route with New through Orleans and

:t.lolino.-'Veek all that could be needed rain on the 12th, everythinghas of this important insecticide shoulduse Jacksonville.The .
revived. Corn is looking ico F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track In
Paris which does "not
desired; warm pleasant days, wijh>\ a no green Florida running through the
fine.rain.on evenipg-of! h and again cent better, and there is yet a pros. bear .the trdde-mark of well known Tobacco Jtegvoni,
Stock farming and Dairy Section,
for A.
14th;everything doing well The pear pest a large crop.-John King. and responsible manufacturers. Peach and Strawberry Lands,
,Banana and "O\"t. ,
Central District Orange Pineapple "
crop will be,cut very short here; blight : Phosphate Belt.
has'affected'all trees.-Wm. H..Trim Lady Lake.-Good showers duringthe The entire volume of business trans Hat the Other Silver fine Spring Scenery and.

mer. week; crops looking well; stillshipping acted at the custom house, in Tampa The Great" Hunting Country.Beaches ,

.DeTuniak Springs:-The light shower "cukes" and tomatoes; corn during the month of April was very ..Has the best the lands Noted for Flaking tillage,greatest Ground variety
on the 12th in addition to the warmer looking quite promising. B. H. Byrd heavy,'and the total amQuntof money of soils In the State,and above all

\ nights has improved growing Mclntosh.;Having fine rains now. received from all sources was $237, Runs over the Central Rldgeland
crops Where It Is High and Healthy.
very, much.. Uplands are dry yet.- Large acreage of corn planted and 558.31. There were 498 bales of Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers

J. T. Stubbs; now looking well;tomatoes,generally, Havana tobacco withdrawn during the the best Northern freight markets.facilities for any produce to ..

". Ellaville. Good growing weather poor and blighting;: shipping just be. the month. Send also for the best map of,Florida (sent
-: ; free). and note the towns on its route.
",- good rain on the i3th did much good gun.-J. B. Bass. Mr.. S. W. Rowley, in the interestof A.O.MACDONELLG.P.A ,

: to growing crops; transplanting sweet Candler.' This section was visited ){r..Flagler and the East Coast r Jacksonville Fla. .

:"" : pet toes. J. H. Lammon. by a most'delightful rain last Wednesday Line, purchased all the tobacco plantshe

Chipola.-The drought is broken and Thursday; everyone carries a could, find m this section and left The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.

smile and and prospects are brighter. last.Monday for the new town of Modela '
by rain'on the i2th and continued on Offers to ShippersThe
-John H. Fox.Earnestville.Frequent. where he had them set out. The
the 13th; (farmers transplanting po- Shortest and Quietest Route
sho-wers expects to experiment exten-
tatoes corn and cotton looking r
_ ; green and for with tobacco and indicationsate BETWEEN
warm nights good vegetation, sively
and growing some complain of bad
stand in cotton; caused by the drought. lands included.-James B. Dobell. favorable for success with the weedin FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IK

;, Z..T.'tlesser. Mascotte.-The rains of the. A nastweek that 'Section.-San Mateo Item. THE EAST AND WEST. -
have forwarded all Tobacco With Improved Ventilated Cars this com
crops. On a visit to Mr. Waldron's we; no-
Crawfordville.Occasional showers is better equipped than ever ever to
will be a short crop; plants did ticed the quails running around his lot handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops;and
have been very favorable all grow not endure the long drought toma- found and insure close connections and prompt despatch,
; and they were quite tame
hail to all Eastern and Western Markets.
ing light on the 14th doingno
crops; toes, cukes" and strawberries are ,that the-Cardinal Grosbeak and doves Through oars to destination with
harm to crops however-J.; H. forward market in fine condi. delay.
going to i were nesting in his orange trees. We out change or
HuntBradf Perishable freight followed by wire and
tion; kaffir corn, millet, cassava, corn also observed over a dozen gray squir- shippers advised time passing various Juno
rdville.-A few local show- and cow peas are hopeful by these rels playing over the lawn and in the tion points and arrival at destination.
ers did much good corn and cotton rains and cool All claims for overcharges. and low proapt-
; nights.-D. H. Rosen trees, and were told they mingled with ly adjusted.
doing well;must have, more rain or will berg. the hens:and helped themselves freelyto See that your goods are markedvia

not fill out: Jno. Bradford. Fort Meade.-Needed rain came on their rations. He says they are in- F. C. &; P. R. R.

:Bayhead;-Fine rain Wednesday, the 12th: all crops much improved; creasing so rapidly he will have to giveup For information: call on or address the undersigned -

iw'hicli had been much needed; warm some potatoes being planted; tobacco raising fruit, as they pick his 0. E. TAYLOR.Trav.A'gt.Ocala,Fla,
w. B. TUCKER Gen.A''t.Orlando, J'lLG.
,r growing weather; crops improving.- cutting going on now.-J. Thomson. peaches, grapes and plums, before .M.HOLD EN,Trav. A***'*,LeeabufL Fl&
Mi G. PoSt. Clermont--The week has been Gazette- W.R. J'ULLERTrav.A'g Tamp Pte
past they are ripe.-Daytona Or N.S. PENNINGTON. MJtDMr, -
AlaIno-Ciops' doing well; heavy ;exceptionally favorable ,to general News. Jacksonville,] .:
r &ra11're11ht Afc .
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f4' )% THE-' LINE THAT' fill BE OFFERED _' j *,. nT1D, T!., 3E8; V 1 nO' 0"ll: -

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\. ,." aENE' ;_ W. BOOK: 1 8 T 0.. r .. :',".. _
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\ ,C.W W. DaCOSTA Manager. } -
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I'S-Y t;: ; INSI3CTICIDI3S.Y : THE STANDARD \ v Pallets>-About Mlnoras thirty or LcgWorns thrW-months\ preferred.old ,

>ARIS GREEN State price. Box 524;Jacksonville 1 ,F1&. _

rotec0our"Crops. Make Your OwnInsecticides DUSTER. OS SALE-Small Yorkshire g tig*, (thoroughbred -
: : ) eight to ten weeks i old-best

y i- -'-t : :1' -' .at a .Very Small Cost. breed for Florida.lUDCLTFFE-C.1DKAlt'Prices reasonable. Ba.os.' :

"' .' One man can 'dust an acre of tobacco 3-27-6 tfarcoossee. ,, Fla. ,
H Ammonia Water, 26'degrees, in 7-potnd bottles, $1 each/- .": -", plants in an hour, thereby saving hoursr FOR .
'" c r White Arsenic, 10 cants a pound. : -, and even days of tedious handpicking.Price BUDWOOD varieties ior sale at $4 per 1,000.

'Carbonate of Ammonia, 15 cents a pound.: $5.00; with this paper one year; Centennial, Romosassa,Nonpfttiel and Majorcaare
; Carbonate of Soda. 5-pound packages, 20 cents a package.'. $6.50. Address the editor, box 524, $5 per i.ooo. Satsuma, Tangarine, Parson

I' .. Carbon Bi Sulphide,'pound tins, 25 cents a pound. > Jacksonville Fla."CENTAWORD". and Brown Pomelos,Duroi are Blood$8 Amory per 1,000.:Blood King. Boone's:Blood

Cacfetic 50 pound cans, 7J centsa pound. ; Early, Pineapple and Marsh's Seedless are$1.50

} Copper Carbonate, single pounds, 40 cents a pound. ; COLUMN. pest loo.and All buds warranted free from all insect
Copper Sulphate, 10-pouna packages 70 cents .' '" from bearing trees. .
a package. '
_. |,.. i. W. K TRIMBia.a
I "QuickLime, per barrel, 9Q cents.- :L, ,A'. I RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, -20-tf' Braidentown, Fla.

London Purple, per pound, 25 cents. ". -. ., f..Nap.thali : :_: ; one week 95 cents three weeks SO cents. Noth-
'. e. 10-pound packages, per pound, 8 cents. .' ','*JijPans ing taken for less than 25 cents. 40 WEST BAY STREET.DrJ.P.GOfflLIiY .

Green,I per pound,.80 cents. 'I" -' .:tg?:J'I Advertisements for this column MUST be pre-

Potassium, ;Sulphide, pound 89 cents. \.I>''- ,,,,, .. paid. Dentist
Lest : Send no stamps larger than two cents. ,
Pyrethrum Insect Powder, ,,33 cents pound. Initials and figures count as one word.ANTEDThree '
,; Rosin, $2 a barrel (Graduate Dental Department University i
'Sulphur,50-pound packages, 8 cents pound. W to five horse-power en- of Maryland )
gine. Address,F.W..P 179 Tremont Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all other
Tobacco Bust barrels ?
; cents m111ots'4 cents
a pound. '
.. ; St., Boston Mass. 6-23-3 work done under the most modern methods.
,, ; Tobacco Stems, 50-pound packages, 1} cents a pound. xm Residence 304 West Ashley Street.

**:" ,. These prices are. for quantities as mentioned.,herein.. For larger quantities PR ange.JUNE Lemon PLANTING'and Grape WOOD Fruit Trees Budded; free Or- ... ,
please write for special quotations., We are :pleased at all times tofurnish you formulas from all diseases and insects. "White fly" has GUANO FOB TOBACCO. GUABAN--
and give all necessary information for making up Itisecticides.i'R.J' .- never been in this section. Prices to suit the :pure,natural article. Write us for
times. MAGNOLIA NURSERIES, Belleview,' uU InformaUoJI and prices. See article on an
: Marion Co., Fla. P.D. Waite, Manager. WILSON. .
& TOOMER.Fertilizer Company? ,
eggplants> ,dry onions,_pineapples,
SUCCESSOR TO J. C. Ii'E 4t1IzH. References Bank of Commerce..Norfolk, LOUISIANA GRASS (P ASP ALtJH FLA-
L Va. ) grass for lawns and permanent
-- P. O. BOX 89, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. pastures. Sets, $1.50 per roooLy express; 3S k
r SPANISH PEANUTS for seed. $i per bushel. cents per.hundred,postage pud. :if.P.POWBKS ,v
J Weed seed, $2.50 per bushel 75 cents awtey, Fla. "v- '
per peck. B. N. BRADT, Huntington, Fla.


.. FOR CASH Velvet Beans Won- and budwood in exchange for pure
WANTED blooded
: Plymouth Rocks and Brown leghorn
= ,." Offer their Fine Stock of CITRUS\ TREES: at Reduced Prices. B. Care Farmer Whipporwill and Fruit-Grower.and Black Peas.5-15-3 fowls. F. D.WAITS Belleview Fla. a-13-tf

Parson Browns Ruby,Amory, Jafia Bloods, St. Michael, Jafia, Wash. Navels, Peaches or Pineapples to ship, write for JL Brahma Cockerels and Pallets, $1.00 to 2.00.
Plymouth Rock
prices on the best crates in the Market. THE Pallets, $x.oo prize
TaJ diff Dancy Tangerines Villa Franca Lemons. each.Prom
; PIERPONT Manufacturing.. Co., Crescent City, winners. MM. : e
Triumph,,Marsh Seedless, Thornless Silver Cluster}Pomelos. Fla. 6 mos Lady Lake, Ffe;
,, At $25 per:100,. f. o. b. ; 10 per cent. off on 500 lots. Graded Beggar Weed Seed. FOB SALE Two Leon county farms 480 acres
390 acres. Excellent for stock raising sad.
r ;,All trees!are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1} inch diameter. Buds Extra Cleaned and Graded Beggar tobacco Fla. growing. W.B. Oarkson,JaduoavtUe',

s i.= 4"J to 6 feet-high.,first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name. Weed Seed. Send in' your Order at 8-24-tf

Grape Fruit budded low oa
Prices per pound P.O.B.: 10 to SO pound let sour stock,at very reasonable prices.
25 cents; 50 to w>pound lots, 20 cents; special 6 mos GOMPERTS, Lady Lake,ala.HART'S 3
: prices on lots of over 200 pounds. Terms Cash .
Germond, MgrM Edgar, Putnam Co., LATE AND PARSON BROWN.
: 5.151DANCY and Buds. Write for prices etai :
23 tf W.H. MANN, Mannville,Fk.

r'4 ., MARSH POMELO (Seedless. ), JOPPA LATE ORANGE (Seedless),' TAHITI LIME (Seedless), per 1,000. Address bud-wood H.true FRI to$DLANDUR name Four,Dollars Inter- WRITE Fla.TO,and W. G.leant TltGHMAK how to :cue, PA-your.'

x :. .-_ SATSUMA_ORANGE (edU5).EUREKA) LEflON Seedless.). lachen,Fla. 513TVR stock to come either sezyoa_wish. 3 -13- 5

C. OT. OTHRSH, PHOPRIOTOR. SALE-A lot of seedling Pomelos buds r ...
JL averaging about half to three-qurter inches FRUIT BRANDIES'AND WINES FOB
v ORANGE LEMON LIME. in diameter,also Queen and Abbaia Pine slips from$5 toll per gallon. Send for price-
AND POMELO TREES. A.J.ALDRICH.Orlando Fla. 5-1-5 list and samples to J, B.HMONTAGNH

: Send for Descriptive Catalogue. ULKELAND., FLA. STRAWBERRY. PLANTS, Schnadelbach's Winter Park FJa. ,

per 1,000 13.00. TREES AND
') What Is Manure? junction with other fertilizers, as a sort JULIUS SCHNADELBACH,Grand Bay,Ala. See our large"ad" in another BUDWOOD column.
i J' of foundation upon which- to build.. It Glea St. Mary,Fla.,
-.. is still-one of the
'". ';:S. ,' In our early experience in farming most important fertil SMOOTH CAYENNE:ABBAKA,GOLDEN EGGS FOR HATCHING LIGHT BRA-
there was but one answer-the excrement izing materials and it is more universallyused QUEEN, PINEAPPLE PLANT,FOR and Plymouth Rocks.bred for utility.
'" 'of domestic animals, supplementedby than any other single substance. It APPLE BY SMOOTH CAYENNE FINE 81.00 per 13. :Mss; GOMPERT8
the wash of the roads, which was an is surely entitled to receive the first_ con 6-1-3 Lady Lake ,
nually carted into the bam yards to be sideration.
TREES at Reduced Prices.
mixed: with droppings and to absorb NURSERY to close out stock of
Barn manure is a general term our surplus
the urine., The aim, of,the forehanded trees we will greatly reduce prices on all leading'
the mixture
of the
to make all the excrement of cattle varieties. Send in your orders --
farmer was manure by
horses and swine, or that of cattle BEE KEEPERS W. early.BIMBLK...
all the fodder and .tha
feeding and swine only, or that of-cattle only a-ao-tf Braidentown,Fla.TUBSEBY .
'! could be grown on the farm, ana the farmer -
Horse when distinct SEND for our Catalogue before
manure, kept from ordering Hives
who made a practice of selling hay; the mass, is separately., classed We can save YOU money and time. Our work Is \ STOCK AND BUD WOOB..
: considered slack and first-class. :Mention ll
was prophecieswere We have left a few thousand Orange tRtoa,.
abundant that the products of his and is used for special purposes. On the YANKEE NOV .TY WOKS, and Grape Fruit trees for sale. Prices from 15 to
would less and less until ordinary farm, manure is a mixture of 1-x4.6 Ocala, Fla. 25 cents each ). W. &F, D.WA.ITS;Mfltso.
farm they
grow the excrement of the leading' farm ant Ua Nurseries,Belleview, Fla. a-if-tfn -
ceased to be remunerative. BEGCABWD SEED FOR SATU is CENTS
mals. There several
are striking characteristics ,
With the advent of chemical fertilizers that are peculiarities of barn cents. C. S.BUTTS postage,Sorrento pfd,Fla.-by Express 10 FRUIT TEEES, .urJI/

less attention has been paid to the-sav. manure. The most noticeable] of theseis .-!4-s. PLANTS and NUTT.. .,. Y
ing and making of manures much to the ,
the large quantity of'vegetable matterit
SALE. Smooth
Cayenne Pineapple plants For Southern Orefeaffc, QU..
deterioration of the farm, as only best results contains; and incidentally the Urge .JC J. T. ALLEIT, Pine Castle, Florida. 4-t: 3. dens and Grove No ........
'.. can be ,obtained and! soil fertility amount of water. This organic matter 18 Write for price Hat '
.- maintained by the continual use of animal the greatest peculiarity of and IRRIGATED GROVE, too acres{ 10 years. set JENNINGS NUllitY Cisr
manures ; SO in other.lruit. trees, et c,
S manures- bf'humus in. some shape in from it certain effects are produced in the For sale at a I&crifice. Address UF," The 92625"FUMA" ?hontaavillit, ;Os. I

.,,> tbfcsoll., 'I soil that cannot be obtained from another y Palms Lane ParK Lake County,Fla.

i. .. The Southern Buralist will keep this fertilizer. "1 -3M. (/ cARBD1,

f fact' before its readers, and urges the Another peculiarity is that manure

I*; careful attention to the following. from a complete fertilizer; it contains some o)Isf BI-SULPHIDE.

4 ._ ';-..: the American Agriculturist: every element that is required bygrowing \\ !Y" "The best remedy in every respect for V&btf.

'. In former times, the excrement of do- crops-: :nitrogen, phosphoric acid and 8 grain insects is Bielphide of Csrboo. 4Jt, m: .
.' mestic animals was the only] plant food potash;as the more important plant food cheap Sta.Bulletin, effectail tad easy to appll.-A14,$*.

: jtfcjthe command of the farmer; it was elements, as well as lime and magne&'a! : BEST and CHEAPEST. Send for free iHastrted pu ph1et. Jt-it fah ,

: the only dependence and its use has not A third peculiarity is the ,variability of and Calalarae vegeUbl sad crop fall moved treatise free.on sprtrisf,AdarcM tail terestinr.readable and will save you ..-
ceased for it-is"still I largely relied the of these food elements depending RJWAtn R.T..L1'LdK1.Cem..t. Ide, ..
upon, ", II. 8TAHL, QUINCYILL. Less than ioo-8 IotIsupp ca by 8.6. 9r<*,
although it is generallr'used: in the classes of animals con :
'. now ; con- upon, ing,JacksonvtUe,Fie. -.
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r J,:I t BARNARD, General Agent, Savannah" Ga;" .', /l;

''used Sailing Dates for March, 1897 : yeti,44G -


:t- Pier 34, North. Ttiver--ii P.M: -,'.
T- t:*:: -Kansas City........-......... ...,... ..... fO..t.... ..._.Saturday, May i .
.City of JSifmiDcriiAm'La .....:...*......:.......!..!... h ...... .:.: .,.;.r Tuesday, May 4 .
.Grande Duchesse..7.. :.. .:....1.....,. :...............Thursday, May 6 ...
/Tallahassee...... ......:.... ......;.:......,..........;......;i.............*.......Saturday, May 8 ,
f, :Kansas City.... "'.'''''''''''''''''''.'. :.....;.!...,.;o... .... .. ..!.....! .....Tuesday, May n c.
-. City of Birmingham...... ...:........ ....*!.'......<*-............. .....:........./Thursday: .
,.--rl; Grande Duchesse,............. ..,. ......I............. ',....................Saturday Maya
"""% ;.Tallahasse,'..........,..,,.......':*...,. _:;...........,._. .....1'-.f...-_ ... .....Tuesd y May 13
;Kansas City....: .........,...-. '... : ..,..........,.... : ...!.....,.....Thursday, May 20 .
.- __ ,City of Birmingham.,..., ..............H 1..ii.. .?!..;!....:...... ....,r,.......Saturday, May 21
< _. -' aurande D ehe..e...._........ ".:, ,.,. -" .r...._..,..;..............:....Tuesday, May 25
:: : :. '"'' Tallahassee.1...,,.....,.?.... ,...-...,.. ....!...,.................... .,- ....,,,.....Thursdayf '1lay 27
..' .. ;. v '*'-_Kansas City.. .............:..:.......)..................... ........ ....... ....SaturdayM.ay 29
G.M. SORRELL: Manager, New Pier No.35,-North River. -

:., *."';,Jo" Lewis' Wharf--3 P..M. QUICK LOW\ RATES!

: ""'. .'Chattahoochee,......,.. ......... "". ..........................*....;....%..,...... Thursday, May6
-f'" ..... ,.. ...,... .... ... Cuisine
tNacoochee :- ?.t..s. Thursday, May 13 Finest: and.Service No
't:, 5 :,1' .Chattahoochee.< .......'.......\..,............:................ ................ ...Thursday, May 20 Transfers Between JaekionrUle and, New York. .
:i ,Naeooehee.- .....,...........:...:.............;............"!'...... ..:... ........Thursd y, May 27. The Fleet composed d of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
If'I' J. -RICHARDSON- & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis'- Wharf. !

,.:,; PHILADELPHIA. ;TO SAVANNAH. (Direct:) "Comae_ he"' (new), "llgonpn," Iroquois;"' "Cherokee "Seifntlt'i "
.. ,
r/ Pier 18"foot Spruce Street- 3 P. Mv ..
STEAMER: ... s .
%6ate' City .....A,.. .t........' ............ ..'..........-........::........'.-.........Wednesday Mays ,, .
r '; "" 'City of Macon.'................... ...................:..;..,...........-.... ..........Monday May \ -
"date CitT..r.....,........ ....... ...... .....:. ............ ..Saturday May 15 !
City ui oantuu.......... ..1..........!........:....: ...-.,... ..... .... ..>.,-FT-w..........Thursday, May .0 .. .*
'-;, < ,'" Gate City.....',...;.,,..p..........\,,,i....*..%*.** ...t..,......,.......... ..t...........Tuesday May 25 -:>.i Steamers arc appointed to according toHhe tide.
;t" .City of Macon-..: ;:......,.,.1.........,".........._........,..........,.............Sundayt. May 20
;l'. :. M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 1'1e18, foot Spruce Street. 30 rrom JACKSOMVIUE,_FLA., (calling Charleston),....... .......Stadays Tuesday and thunda,*.

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Erom CHARLESTOI S. C., .. .. Mondayi,Wednesday* 'and Friday.

...', '(. ... .. Central ((00 'Meridian. ) Time-as., below.- For hours of sailing see"Clyde Une Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily paper '
La Grande DucheSl?....Sunday. May 2, 7.00 am City of .gh'm..Tuesday May 18,i.oo pm
".'" Tallahassee...... .,.....Tuesday, May 4,'7pm La Grande Duchesseer.: Friday May 21, 10 oo am SOUTH BOUND. ,
'X&DlAICity ,"....+........Friday May 7,10.00 am Tallahassee..........SufadayMayjj, 10.00 am V
.City of Birtn'gh'm ......SuudayMaY9. 10 00'am Kansas City.......Tuesday 200 pm Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29 East River, New York at 3 p.tri, as follow:
*_ .La1 Grande Duchesse.Tuesday May 11,3.00 pm City of Birm'gh'm ,,' ...Friday Mays, 5.00 am
** ,Tallahassee..Fridag May 14,5.00am; La Grande Duchessee....Sunday May 3O,6.ooam For CHARLESTON, S. C., .......,.........Mondays, Wednesday and Friday

5- S" 5 'Kansas. City.-.Sunday' May'16,7.00am PorJACKSOMYILLEJUL, calling( .at Charleston) .................Monday, Wednesdays and Friday

,. S SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. *H i *l *ilBIS *l* *l *l *l *lllS *l
.... .
,.; '" : ',';: *'. Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as',below. .
< .-- .-" {Nacoc.chee.-.Thursday: May & 7.oopm I I Nacoochee: ., ......Thursday May 20, ?.eo pm BOSTON AND JACKSONVILLE-Direct ,Line, [Freight_ Oalj.]
tAhOOChee.ThUflday May | ...... ,
";1Cba 13 Chattahoochee.- Thursday May 27 4 00 pm _
_- : SAVANNAH PTO PHILADELPHIA. CaUbgat Charleston,S. C, both war'. ,

-:.' I. Central ((90 Meridian) Tim*:-a* below. STEAMERS"GEO. W. CLYDE" AND ''DELAW E'!
'.:;r';:> :,;;:*i:.? cIt'of Macon,...\..Wednesday May 5,7.00 pm I Gate_CUy _.....Thursday May 20,_ 7.00 pm
Z-/:: *::; teCity..MondayMaylol.oopm I I City of Macon ..,.Tu sday1Iay252.oopm; ire appointed to sail as follows:
y T;: ;''P'Ci 10fMacon..8alurday May.15 5.00 pm |..cateC1ty..SundayMaY3o.4.00P rom foot of Hogan Street,Jacksonville', From I ewis?Wharf Boston,
.-' =- ,- WALTER HAWBIN9, Fla.P.A., W. J. FARRELLSoI. Agtjackaonville TmjRSDAYS. FRIDAYS.
:".", .*.': )0.. ,c' ._ Florida. wW. / \' .
\ ,. ,.$.ARNOLD. C.:T..P.A., ANDERSON, AGENT, \ ,- .
.. -
Savannah, Ga .

> :
." CliVDE'S $T. JOfttts MJlE
r : W.A.. BOORS.' w i ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B.,BOaRS..9ikf .


/ WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., 'Jacksonville, Palatka, Sanford, Enterpriser Fla.and Intermediate+

Landings on' the St. Johns River.

.t:5.: r.ainGarden Seeds and Fertilizers, ,. 5"OITY. ..'. .< The Elegant J'AOKSONVXLLB Iron Sid -Wheei Steamer ," -:.

j'" ** CAn. W.A. SHAW, ,.
: ,. ,.;a WEMT: BATT fill1: .,. JACKMOPVLLX.VX PLA. j '
Is appointed to sail as follows:

', <: ;We'.Handle Only the Best_ and Host Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of Leave Jacksonville.:.._.......... Sundays,'Tuesdays and Thursdays at.30p.1S
Returning Leave Sanford 9.00 a.m., and Enterprise 9.30 aja..Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.: ..

) Corn Oats Flour :Bran Wheat Grits Meal '- .

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. Leave Read 3.30'Down.p. m. f................:.........JackJouriUe;............ .......... Arrive Head s.ooa.m.Up.
: .. ; .: 8..4S p. m. ...:....._....:,..... ..., Pa1atb........................... Leave 8.aop.a.
.. .3.00 $. m. ..._...................,....Astor........................... j.eo p. ..
> AGENTS FOR T &. m. _...._.............""" 8 1. 04030 -a.>.>.................:........... 1.fopr,
MATS, 'PURE GROUND BONE ......,............. ............. ............ Buesford ............._......... It rs.oonoon
Arrive 8.oOaO m. n........,.......w .... SanCord.........._ ..;. .. ..._ to 9-00. .
.:r:[ J..: u8ny8Uliur Co. NITRATE SODA, N 9-2S a. m. ......!........u......n E ute prtse................... ...... !. 9Ioam. '

""y Stir t; :Iruil Fertilizers P MURIATE ,OF POTASH, General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay st., Jacksonville-
'.:5 .' .... .
k1; >.tt: aBiRAHTaBDmAi,7sis.1 SULPHATE POTASH .
-N': ,. ..:. y-' 9 .* r ft .- W,.H..WA1SBUBTON, B P. A., 5 Bowling Green, Ken York.
: M.,H. CLYDE, Axrfstant{ Traffic Manager,5 Bow tog Ores,New York. .
f :Ir nJHrB8an28g8tib KAINIT! Etc F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr.;Florida Psengtr: Agtat,204 WealBa'.lacboaYlk.....
5- t JOHN,L.BOW ABD. Acting SuperinteadenT, foot Hwaa Street JaefcaoaviBe,Fl*. .
",_ .' S .. __ sY .. THEO. Q:EQER, Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Greea,New:York.WM. '
., : _; f ",Tine eTi"luiv aosapate.la,tht1Uttet..Nid trial wen cony ce. -
: .
<, ,...... _" ".' *_ P. CLYDE" & 'CO.JGen'l'Agent: r
r, ; aAf'ata r .... ; : ,
.r.. .. : _'--l..:... ,. &::1- ..,,:;>:' .: ',. ,. :
.j.,..''''., ,.', : _. ",.'.:;....i". ,,':<-"#-,. ; ':'. f ... .
'," 0;: '< ...... ....'lI'Yoda DelawareA..l'Ja a4. ,w. B Bewlfaff Srtta, K 1'-
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g ,33s" 1 THE FLOBJ0A"FABHEB! AND FRUIT-GROWER. .. YA.'y ;22 .:
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r .. /,'' ;:; FERTILIZERS, ESTABLISHED 1878. -r :: L11j( ',.' :

. .... ".--'. : ; r.;:
/ :
if .- .. Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and 11W!!. : .
-:.. :GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the
requirements and perfect mechanical condition in
.}" .J ,; ,strong, handsome Bags which don't rot. ., ;

.''"' ; ., -"The cheapest band for ,the quality in the I'
-' market Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul

... -- tural Chemicals, Sulphur,ete. j
fi -- :: ::: ----.
> J _.
_. Sj. ': :: INSECTICIDES. I;( "

.. !
: '''''\' \ ;..... -The old reliable EUREKA has never been
; .f-{ ..;.... tnperceded. It fc death to the Rust.Kite,Red Spider,and theo ,
: ".., rangui growth. .-" ,
Pure ;
! '
t 'Felli1zerS' A certain destrufflon'to the AleyrodesCitrif(White Flyand) other
: famfllesof8calet&tallperlodiofthelrdevelopment. Fatal to the ;
,. f' 8pider,.anddther iniemafie&ing Pineapples and Vegetables. q .
--- ; !


Bubbtl'...Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makeR, at t -

,Manufacturers' 'Prices. :! ..

...N.. .,

I TIIE MADE I i r.TT : _

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tribnting to its fonnation-Hcattle. ,horses in the urine, the undigested in the solid contains about 10 lbs. of nitrogen. Ma- 5. If it be.desired. to.increase the size '
f and swine,some one Tr two of which manure. Of the two, the urinA is the nure from poorly fed stocd, especially of the fruit, as is sometimes the case,apply .
'may be absent? upon the fodder rations more.valuable; it is also more difficult to absorbents are not used ori the manure a comparatively heavy dressing of '...
F employed in feeding the stock; upon the preserve. Other things being equal, 'the pile, if exposed to the weather, may not nitrogen in some organic form and slight.
export of' milk from the farm; upon ther richer.the food, the richer the manure. contain half these quantities. On the ly'decrease the other elements. Incase "
quantity of foreign: matter incorporatedas Nothing is added to the manure in the other 'hand, richly fed stock, (carefully of the tangerine and mandarinrwnere.a.;
bedding, or'absorbents> ; upon the'percentage process of the feed going through the an bedded,'may yield manure twice as rich larger size is usually desired, a Jieavy ,
of the urine and dry excrement, in plant food as the average just stated. dressing of nitrogen fertilizers would favor ,-

and upon the way in which it has been imal.You can get in the manure only what Wide variety exists ,in mannr ooth- this end,and is notobjectionable.un-.... :.
preserved, whether properly housed, orexposed there was in the field, less what the am I.ern Ruralist. less carried to excess. ,
to the leaching of- rains and, mal used, and you won't get that unless I t < .. 6. Fertilizers have an .important.bearing J F -
winds. both solids and liquids are preserved. If on diseases. '. .:
The value of manure as a fertilizer has you feed swale hay-you get swale l hay How to Fertilize. 7. Die back a serious malady, lain aft .,
been 'appreciated for generations. The .manure; if your stock is fed. with rich The Department of Agriculture, from probability tie result of over-feed.g i's;
investigations of.science have not displaced feeds like cottonseed meal and bran, its Florida investigations sums up as follows with nitrogenous manures from organic ___ >'"'.
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its standing, or curtailed its use. their manure:correspondingly richerin ; its conclusions on the most approved sources These manures, if used,at aMi' '. :: ,.::7
For' it is both the cheapest, and, all plant food, methods of fertilizing orange groves: should! be applied with great caution. == : -'
things considered. the best .general' ma- A,ton;of.manure from ordinary ,farm 1. By a proper combination of the various 8. Foot rot although not primarily doe I --:',> :;ti
nure*at hand. It ,will always be used 6took,:not.well bedded with chaff to ab- I elements used in fertilization one to improper methods of fertilization, is e' y:: J.
whenever the soil requires fertilizing, sorb the urine, this being worked into can undoubtedly largely govern the qual- no doubt considerably influenced by tWt1f, '
'and where live stock-is kept. the pile.of solid excrement, will contain ity and flavor,of the fruits. cause. .<$3'So. : :
The feed has'a great effect upon the about 1350 lbs. of water, 475 Ibs. --: '';',=',,.
i organic 2. To obtains fruit with thin rind use 9. Insect diseases are also appre.i41y_ '{ -
quality" of the manure.' In its passagethrough matter and 175 Ibs. of ash. The latter nitrogen from inorganic sources in mod- influenced by the use of fertiliaew .t.: ;-', .1?_
,the animal! ,the food loses what contains of eleven ,,
potash ,
pounds, phosphoric erate quantities, with considerable ganic ,
potash manures rendering trees '
is taken out by the growth of the BMMW;: ;. '{ r:
animal] acid six "
eight lime
and lime. liable to from this _
Injury source. ifep'- :
u and (Iby the milk. A good deal of carbonaceous !pounds, four pounds and the ,
magnesia 3. :To sweeten the fruit use sulphate of chemical fertilizers. <' ;- _,_
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matter, which has no ertilix !rest is sand,carbonic and sulphuric acids, ammonia in considerable abundance, decreasing + ; > -;:'''- _
t ing value, is also burned in the system to I iron, alumina. and sOda. The the amount of potash 4.:4: .h
supply,animal. heat, but all the rest of matter thai Be on '; : ": :/,'
,organic ( portion.. which :;4. To render the fruit more acid in- your guard against Irree&Bliflil,. ? ,-.
; -The the food.waste pasinto of tbedigested.the dung food or is urine; Will burn off at.:_high, temperature crease the amount of potash and use nItrogen commission, merchants, The ......... '.,-..." !!:e-,,'.->. '; -"'". ..''
when perfectly : :-
) con from organic sources. ,fulTof them '';;t";..=- I':' -
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