Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00128
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 15, 1897
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00128
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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.. a.. 'wen., __ JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA: MAY 15, 1897 !Whole No. 1'75 XY KgOS'Pi" ; <'
IaiI,W DaCosta,Bovines Manager, .. Vol. .. ... .
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: .:": The Largest Fruit Growers : k" !' ": "


HIGHEST Tnow the Best,Varieties and the : .' "

: QJAUTY ': -- -fc' PkA1KS BUDWOOD.ifv.: 11111
BEST TI EES TO .j.an.d' t
: w ', v : :.

;. '.We shipped 'more peaches from our own orchards this ... ': I .... f/;(; : ..
season than all other growers in, this section combined .
-p .. ? 6MT i and made big MONEY at it Our one. year old trees of SATSUMA ON TRIFOLIATA now *.- \ ':

; fi NMN8<< MHN (March 25th) in 'full bloom1 in the:.Nursery Rows, are very handsome/. .:{: 'i: '
: Btlu'rBMJrom
and we are now booking orders for them for summer shipment. Also :,' _:r:: =

7. ; WHO AR' iFRUPI; >GROWERS\ ; some on Sweet Stock. *, **'\*>. ..>':":.,.

c VfTft'. For the first,time in, two years we have more SATSUMA BUD. .i. f. -
.,t( .. l & Everything: for the South, WOOD than we need"for 'our own\.use. '. Price of buds-$i.oo per ''100 :: .<:'y .'. -

_; y;Poach" "Eltim,'Pear, ,Persimmon n, 'Citrus.'Fruits! Grapes, by'mail' ; or $8.00' per> joob" by express. x Nojbrders. '.*" accept*"d,10r: lees 1 .k:'.". w .
; than one'dollar S worth r buds. ? > -
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< '_ Nutsi'Ornamentals() ,, Roses, Etc., Etc.j.Etc. *' ;( ':*
;' if.,....;Yarieties.. ;A: MILLION,and a lalf trees' ,Over 300 acres; A i; .I{
.: ; *' :No:BETTER stock to,select ftom..Hone. so,LARGE. .: .. descriptive : Catalogue on application. .-

app.NN:. .-tadogae4withTover.6o Illustrations, .2a.Photographic. Views, Free. on GLEN ST
r' 'Ill
on. MARY
";,. 4' ..vrPOMONA -NURSERIES <\ ,' '
:; : '.:;. = SGLEN !.
', ''. d : ST. |JilA Vj'"FU. ':" .
THE GEHTTNG BEOSrCd: .. :Macclenny.fo G.L.TABER.PresldetAt". a <' :.
-;. y. : _' Succe ofsio LL W".. 'D.,'Griffing, /' . Fla. .,IT.1W VILLA. Secretary.: -. ; {< _:;-/.-,tA. :: .' .

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: ': SEED FOR, SUMMER CROPS' +'SEEBS '. } MLL &powR ; : :< '}

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; 'ti Pearl or Cat-TaaMfllet.p r'lJj.a5e J .,post-paid. German MIllet..aoc. per pound postpaid.Ambercane..asc.perpouad ,.. \. ,i. .:{i1. ,': ':, .
r .. ,
.. ; KaffirCOm..25C- I' 14 4 ;';::;; ;,T :
-i1J ...... .... :. ?. ... ...... '* For Best Seeds "
.. e4 : } c y Sunflower.' A. soc.per quart ,: at Lowest'Prices write for my ListJor: 897.. ',. :: .

: Cow. Peas, Whippootwlll,day,'Red,Ladyfinger,Wonderful,and Black. f rSend.ror'prlc .. The Largest_ Stock in the State, and every seed New Crop.. #\ ",:,'
] r: 'C RON': See4sD:1p-r": : ", '
I handle only tbe'p"tod cts of Seed Growers of National Deputation, such "asA; --s -
:125 E. Bay Street JACKSONVILLE, FLA. '..' "_.
." '_ Henderson, ;Landreth, Ely, etc. < *;- "i 't /
= 3 Th 6" ,:,i ; J.
iOiilataakeeHplow4a Ottang a Co. '% BURTON K. BARRS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. ;S xk "{. .

QU'NEDINJ HILLSBOHO\ CO, FLA'J _-. ".-''(.:C'.f.:.- .
Offers to the public'this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown In an experience '\ : "
.. of, thirteen consecutive:years: The.stock Is large and Includes the following widely ORANGES. ON TRIFOLIATA STOCKS. : .

., known and thoroughly approved I varieties; viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown, --........ .-.:;<.. .
..J.jV. Boone's"Early and Centennial. Jafa/Majort a,Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seedlees ... ".Ii(>Y.t-I'. ,. ,'.
,Pineapple'Momosassa' ,'and Tangerine. Tardlff and' King, Duncan and Marsh Seedless SATSUMA, PARSON...>>ROWN, TANGERINES, ETC, ETC.fr ::: .:; :
4. Grapefruit. Seedless. Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superiorto : '

theround, )'. Budwobd, at all times Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to correspondents. FIELD GROWN ROSES. + +'+ *=* .>.* .l "
;: Address all communications and make all remittances payable to .

L :, ,MUW ukee ,- Florida, Orange Co, Including the famous "CRIMSON RAMBLER," Marechal Niel, Americaar'; 7; <. ,f. ,

>M Beauty, Etc., Etc. Imported Camellia Japonicas. GRAFTED PECANS fiffi: :. ""1tt.:,
4 DUNEDIN, FLA. Choice. Stock Trees bearing the finest Paper Shell Nuts of large size;and a Gel l = ''s t:< ,,:
:' .Line of Fruits, Evrgreens, Etc. Prompt Attention. Prbpea Treatment. No. r'f- u .; .'

.r : ..**, RAr r En PECANS** Stock. The trade supplied.; Orders, booked now for full shipment., ."....r....:tf:: ., '" '.
-r "s From, -the, choicest 1 trees in Florida. Money making Early Pe cbes. .Mull line of Pears and SUAIAIIT, URSEJRIES.. D. L..PIERSON,, Monticello, Vii. : ""<:;.f-; .1i' -
: > Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. .--4'.--! ...;. .

.xi ,Trlfoliata' stocks one,two and three years old. .All. stockclean and healthy. Send for intereating The '":'iW' =. r j .
: .; : catalogue. .... t. to '
,J t- J. H. GIRARDEAU.Prop., Montlcello. Fla. 'PRODUCE: .an'" ,' :. .
.... .. r .0 We receive and ell,in cay loW or.mailer Iota, VA ;:
; ORCHARD. .:..--
Yo aU ProdueU of the GARDEN OA1ET. S. '
;-HiamEBY and PABM. Market '0' 4C'I -
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References,eta.,tree upon application. AddressNo. a f: .
: $mm AND HAY CROPS: 611 Liberty Street, PIm"'JiURcm-h'nD'*. -

.. .. SOMERS, BROTHER: & Co.REASHEl : Ebts0' ""1I" ;--.>.)';>.,,.." #,
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; ..It :is .Time" You Were: 'Thinking of'Thbm'I '" J f'--,'"

:! !3. We have the SEEDS that you want for these crops and we want you to buy them NOW. : .!
VIP Pin. 'Practically a drought-proofreties for forage and gr 1n. We cn toper Z Send for Annual DMffpUve *. SottlGeo. ,: "
.'- r TIK CORN both the White and ,at 10 cents per packet? 'SO ee CATALOGUE; .x
'nil. ..' pound.; four pounds jl postpaid. ; ten pounds not prepaid, 11 00. newly issued and revised.It s.
-Beqttireafoat'pounds' per acre .. contains everything Hacker & :Son: '
but has white Sametl&AyOAUDm ,
TKUTTQAlCllff rnDXT Similar to Kaffir Corn: ; large grains. needed by the Horticulturist I
; IjUllJN. price as KafttrCom. and plant-lover. Manufacturers of .
.SyftTlcliillCT Sor' hum (Yel1OW Milo ),SOc. per pound;'four pounds, t PLANTS zed TRRR3 for .
postpaidMaize ,' ?&? /
.. Orchard Windowy Lawnor
PEARL OR: AT TAIL I] 'MILLbT i1PrOdUCtive. Thebestforrroon Greenhouse. LanrestcolleOkm CHA8LBfiT0MS.Xgjj? \ : %:; -
forage; Pound,86c.;fourpound8;E1. 5 post -
to select from Purchase make ,whiR ;? :
t tenpoundsnot I our we luaraatee-: /-
prepaid J& .
:. ....AII..D. .Qeanaeed 4Oo'per.pound; four poundsl.5Q, post-paid>> ; 2Bc. la the South. superior to any sold South' ,sad: thereby awe_ -.$q,.:..i}.>-." .
.' per pound\y express or freight,not prepaid* money i'>,
,,. w ,:H.. G.HASTmGSCO... : .,, Seedsmen,. BMTMK. ONHCO;FLA. IF WIWW AH. FAKT lUll. 'A;JfHlAltY.. ,,/ ,,'*:". *

:_::.,::*. $snd for our. 'Catatofu. ., .INTERLACHEN FLA. ... ..,.- +. :: -
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.. P.. ;, ::'- :.;. ,k --- ..*.-<*' ,- "' .."... '._ ,- .>'- THB FLORIDA ,FARMER.' .AND FRUIT-GROWER. '.MAY.. 15,
-%-.h s.+GK .
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'e, ;. ':;: i1 l 'P-Ir'JE.? : LET: : t ( 1.: ,given names. 'i indicating the 'general wholly* .;.unavail ble, -the- .ri-or;;may-

'-'C,:<,,M;' > "" ;;:;:...-_ _.._. f. .,. ,, 1"- belief in their wort ilessnessthe'/bogus starve though its roots are buried in
o': ; soils" Qfthe.central western States being material to produce

:: :;i'. ,\ DO., YOU KNOW' typical of the class. lasting fertility if once rendered acc' -
;:,:: -* sible.
c'' Where Excess of water,still exists, this
be and inex-
may easily
1: V;
'. ..,.,.",'j',..<,.-. k.;-"j. ; ...; -..,. : ,', the soil impossible its removal l is necessarily tion of a caustic alkali to the soil, for
."",' ... their utili"
".f' .. '. the first essential to
;--!- "tf' instance the' broadcasting of from
., '" ; ;-!, :
zation. This accomplished, however, one'to two thousand pounds of 'air-'
F.: } ;: Every Grower either or tile drains sufficientto
:., ?y open slacked lime per acre, will suffice to
t remove enougH water to enable
liberate the nitrogen and render it
:. teams to work the soil, and this land available.

:,.. : f; of Fancy Pines .in" really becomes' capable of utilization The nitrogen required being pro-

.: 1,....",<.,,.-,';, for' the growing of mostcrops,and pos vided in this cheap and easy manner,
-i1 -.; '-. '. '
; t tf for
sesses special adaptations some
potash alone need be attended to
't<::Z f;;..; 1\1; "gO- 4t the Country Does.. which.are doubtful grown if any with of these great profit.lands are Itis since the small quantity of phosphoricacid
/ is
1oP required already provided or
.: ,
.. ALA
;. "- -:-..: = 'f not susceptible of profitable use. The is rendered available by the action of

;._(.::" : :' \The Celebrated".INVANHOE and PAIR OAKS PINERIES are known means for accomplishing the end, however the lime ;Without, the, addition of
".'.- L .-.;,.: 'throe, !! hoot the UNITED STATES producing. the FINEST FRUIT EVER PUT must depend on the cause ofTheir however the'soil
retains its
'.: t. ,: ':" ,ON THE MARKET. S useless condition. This
'To Fine Fruit must Mve. present unproductive and useless character
: produce ,
: : :: ? you ,
; be accepted as being due to one
i -' may since all the food requirements of the
> \ > FINE P PLANTS. or the other of two conditions. Either be
-t":,. .' + + crop must supplied Oi those pres
,t the of something antagonistic,
:- presence ent are useless. Potash is the chief '
7t:, :. < ; ,* ?" I have for sale'more Fancy Plants than any ,Grower in the Country, and a, or poisonous, to.plant development, or lacking constituent of these soils

._.: -.-,vv' ".. .,-_. reputation..SECOND TO NONE. to; the.absence of available plantfoodfor their this ;
:!'':': ":-. .'1-:e,;'. Purchase your plants from the PIONEER GROWER of Fancy Pines, and you, ( the sustenance of the crop placed organic origin rendering fact
: ; -: GUARANTEE that TRUE TO NAME. plain.. Organic matter forms their
; : ;, :; get a your plants are absolutely <
f thereon.
,:'. ,,:, ,"Z' ,'Price List.now., ready. WRITE. AT ONCE. chief part, and mineral matter is com- .
":i-.it.v.::; : GEORGE' I. RUSSELL. Orlando, Fla. This former condition does occa- paratively lacking in their composition. '

.... 'ZJ..,:.':"..r-..,,...,- BOX' 61l. *- sionally actually,exist, though of rare: Potash is recognized as being
:_ occurrence. It is due to the presence the most important and most deficientof
;:,"--- ..,.6-.. ,.
i ..
: of of the low oxideof "
;;:-'f : an'excess "pro-to" the mineral constituents of soils,
,i. t iron which is antagonistic to plant- a fact of exceptional application and

'; ; [: :. y r by the fact.'that the soil is sideration. '
..,, ,
_ ':o< ::I: ;:r"
:' :!-., nRailway. naturally excessively dark-colofed, This deficiency be best
..: -, may pro-
'. ." .
;';.. ;_io,:M', fl.--fi-.,,.: : I nearly black, and grows yellowish vided for by the use of muriate of potash .

-'<.>*..,. /-'.....!'it. <,,.,.,'..,, I where freshly exposed 'to.the. air. The an application from 150 to 250

> : ; waters from:such soils on standing deposit pounds per acre being sufficient for
sediment having the color ,of the purpose, and would insure the
.--J" -Ij.': ,?"',1.-<'_""e'.".'....--_-v. -; iron-rust. .The remedy is very simple. growth of a remunerative crop of any

",!;"\,.'t-.t%.'*: :;'=.:.,::'..." BDtOTTGH' PULLMAN. DRAWING BOOM: OARS, DINING CABS, Thorough pulverization and workingof common agricultural plant.

: -tt: i : :" + TEOBOT7GH7ABE COACHES, VESTIBTJLED TBAINS. the soij, thus increasing the expo- The accomplishment is so great,

,- j ;,!, sure to atmospheric action, results in and the means for effecting it so
.< ". 'f' the low oxide into the
11''i'': '''J.''' changing higher cheap and accessible, that i it seems
':i !.S}::;;;:.. NORTH, EAST: AND WEST. "sesqui" oxide, which is wholly harm. strange that there should still remainso

-0 -.-;;:' ., .:---j -, less to vegetation. Frequent workingwith large an area o'f these unused soils.It .

-!l !Z :'... :TWO DAILY TRAINS BETWEEN,FLoRIDA' AND' THE EAST._ plow and harrow for a single sea is gratifying to see, however, that
.'.-_>it-.;.>;$.,.,. IA son will usually suffice to effect the their utilization is fast increasing and
: "" transformation. There then will remain that there are now many thousands of
: T Limited
: l Washington and Southwestern ,
_ nothing to the successfuluse lands which have
: prevent acres of productive
) ; -
/. .:, ;, Andthe United _tates.fast Mail. of the soil in question provided been reclaimed from uselessness by
:-. -o:, .'ws4. the necessary supply of available plant- : the means. here described.
: ; := tj 'OiLt.' 21 HOURS JACKSONVILLE TO WASHINGTON, food is assured. This condition, how: H. E. STOCKBRIDGE.

_:. ':: '::-.* ;- ONLY 27 HOURS JACKSONVILLE TO NEW YORE ever, is the more common cause of the

_ : :.5. -: .difficulty we are discussing and may The irritable, unsettled condition of

-' _r' ','; --t.... 1o1td:YMtfbnlod"Trtlni oomposod of Latest Impror Pullman Slevping Car and Hotel DIn. I exist in conjunction with the presence the cigar industry in Tampa, caused
.'y.. .6 41'c'- '. lag Can through without change to WMhlngton, Baltimore. of the injurious iron oxide.It first Weyler's prohibitive edict, and
S -% '*-1-1!*>f:; Philadelphia, New York and the East.
1 ,:--'a.;{.'_"." ". 1'... I is, therefore, to this lack of avail. then by tariff agitation, has passed
'. ( <;:' ::' able plant-food that attention must be away, and our factory people wear an

;' M!}'Jf' ,wst. THROUGH.' PULLMAN DRAWING-ROOM SLEEPING CARS BETWEEN given. The) general appearance of air of ease and confidence once more. '

.:, ,. : ': ';-\ : JACKSONVILLE AND NASHVILLE. these soils their color, texture,, and In most of the 'facto es large quantities
p:';"rt" the fact that they are known to' con. of Havana leaf are stored away

.. !" .' z 7f:': Through! Sleeping Caw Daily Jacksonville to sist so l largely of decayed vegetation, in the cellars while quite a quantityyet
1-. *' __ Cincinnati via Asheville tho leads the remains in the warehouse. The
[ ; 'y':, '. Through to common supposition that .,.
recent action of the Spanish
r.,. m:: ">:\,! :: I tY' i '"LAND OF THE SKY." they are "rich, but contain something allowing the exportation government of
: :r. f' deleterious to plant-growth. A conclu- ..
tobacco contracted
': "i'."- :;;' 'V.7 i.teB dfakfeniatIao F aa to raiw, cehtdnles,-tlwptaf ear reaerrsttoas. eta, apply toiaj sion, however, wholly erroneous as the beforeVeyler's
c' :: ; ': '. 1 tfttl; of tt 'SocxKJUur EAILWAT or;its oonaaoUona.SHIPMAIT actual cause of their lack of ability to edict took effect has had much to do
.. .. .. .,:'' '.., maintain crops is simply due .to the in allaying ,the nervous condition of

i '.' 1' E;' :' .' .Ia A.' Florida..Paai..Agt, 913 West Bay Street, Jacksonrllle, FlaJ.Y. absence:) of available food in their com- the industry, but has not been the sole

.:,._ .: : ":.2' .,GULP. W. A. TURK, 8. 1L HARDWIor, position. Of the three essentials, cause of the resumption of normal

." :. : .1\ >,i'= ItnI&o' JraUret'! '.Gen:'Pua. Azt.. Atst.Gen. AtianSVaMay2ifio7. nitrogen phosphoric acid and potash, conditions. The pay roll as reportedat ,
., .
<; .w.-snltkm.u.0.' WubmltoD;,i.a .
-.. the former are usually in the banks shows that $71,000 was
,-:., .. two present
L., ..:. .......!iO. ,.. '.- -- -- abundance but not in the available put out among the factory people yes.
-";::vt' -";-::,..,'...:.";: > .- form required by the crop. The nitrogen terday an advance of several thousand .

-" ., .,tr.. ; -.;. :- -e TJfiinff-, Muck Lands. pable of bearing crops. In many present is in the insoluble dollars over the week before.-. -Tampa

". ; ";:.:.jEditor; Farmer and Frult-Grower: cases the excess of water actually does "combined" form, the same as existsin Tribune. .

--. :: In all parts of-the country there are not prevent cultivation, but usuallythis leather and certain other useless Camp,Br s. of Campville are work-

,e. .#-." : ,laridWhich either have been, or still surplus water could and would, forms not seldom used as worthless ing a force of over zoo men on full
; ; be removed by drainage were the belief adulterants of commercial fertilizers.. time at their brick yard. They have

_ .:. L". ";<>;-" are,.submerged' but which are entirely ;in the uselessness of the soil not so The amount thus present may fre orders for brick which ,will keep

I I'" :: t ., neglected for agricultural purposes uri firmly fixed. In certain'localities these the quantity in the; them operating for several months.

c.', ? ':'..: der the.supposition.that. they'ue' .incagss -' I lands, really muck pr peat soils, are best Manure, or ,fertilizer, but being Gainesville SUD. _
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.. .. YEAR.IS" .
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'Florida. 'StateHorticulturai_ : : committee,present. "He 'read a letter part leave the tree. Sulphur wash is packed three layers7 deep and not be' '

k .from Prof., Hubbard, 'written from a good remedy for this evil Basket bruised:or shaken., :"..

j Society., :Arizona, relating his .experience and, fungi and Jew ears are the result of Good measure; of as much. importance T

the result:of his recent investigationsamong Decaying wood and soon disappear, as good fr)1it.and fruit when ,
SBOOND DAY. the of California and and never occur in sound undamagedtrees. '"
r- .. groves packed full carries 'much better. He ':
'F' Arizona Limb-rot occurs some times notices mistakes in attemptingto
;E. N. Reasoner, of Oneco.iead an many
I 'ezc llent/'paper on ornamentals that It *seem to be the experience ,of but is not liable to cause any very ship over-ripe fruit and fruit improperly .

California citrus growers where the great harm.' selected to size. He sizes
was full:of :valuables suggestions, as to I .as
Mc5 the selection and planting'of trees and writer has made due inquiry and con- II I BLIGHT.__ I with the eye and packs the basket so'I

shrubbery and the .errors that are siderable investigation that all impor- I full that the cover has to"be crowded .

.most generally committed by tations made of destructive parasitesto Mr.Bacon asks what should be done on He,keeps the fruit picked close-

} .' persons battle against the pestiferous scales, with trees affected with blight. fast 'matured thus
: ,attempting a ,branch ,of industry ,not ly'.as as enough, a
,understood! by them.T. etc., have been almost entire failures. Prof. Webber would dig'them up preventing ..over ripening. Poorly -
,. o = : The lady bird (or.lady bug) is all right and destroy the trees at once. Mr. the
".. , t 'read an J interesting and exhaustive for the destruction of the common W. A., Cooper would dig up the tree, in good order.. This is one great "-:

x on the subject of orchids. This mealy bug and'common scale but does haul it out and burn it toot and branch. source of trouble to peach growers.He .

t *Xa paper'most; valuable paper/and will appear not reach- other forms of insect trou! Would dig out .the earth three feet thinks oranges and peaches the .. ,'... ,
: in full m,the published proceed. I bles. The black scale is the worst down and haul it out of the grove, reliance of this country and in experience

jngs"..of the/Society. It: was unani that the California growers have to leave the hole* open for year; and with proper care m picking handling
encounter. The citrus trees in the then refill with fresh earth from the and marketing they will "- t
'. mously' voted that Mr. Mead be continued prove J ,,
>:- permanently on this committee desert regions of the west are generally woods, and set a good new tree.. Trees I satisfactory. The results so far in his .r

t .,, :and \oat'h be.requested 'to' furnish free.from.the insect pests common to done this way some years ago show no case are -satisfactory. The business ',;

; the''Society an annual report on the the more fertile.portions of the coun- signs of returning blight. Mr. Hart is like all other linen for not 'all who "

subject of.or h1ds.. try. This immunity may not prove stated that blight does, not usually affect plant peaches will succeed. 'No man -

'J; A. ,H. Brown read an interesting report to be permanent. trees less than seven yeajs-old and is too poor to experiment on a small

on citrus fruits, only touching, There seems to be a class of insects hence Mr. Cooper's trees do not fur. scale. He ,has tried nearly all the -

,however, on the main point! for the that follow in the wake of f freezes, and nish! conclusive.proof of their immu- known varieties. This is an off year ..

j purpose, as he said, of bringing out I the trees are now suffering to a greater nity from the disease. with his trees owing to his having ., a

: t discussion. this vast field. Having or less extent from such pests. Thereis Mr. Allen having charge of the allowed them to fruit too heavily last w

< been (frozen out thrice since 1885, he also a form of root rot that ,seems Dommench groves, removed trees af. year. This should be guarded against .

4 k left Belleview and moved to Manatee to follow:where trees have been hurt fected with blight eigbt'years ago and as the trees should only be allowed -

h River ,wherelie'would be exempt by cold., There are' remedies that replaced them with new, ones and no to produce what fruit they can with .. 1

t' ;from severe freezes if he Mid not' get give relief elsewhere, and it appears return of blight has occurred. out too much drain on the tree, for ;

"_ below the frost line. A new factor in that what is good in one locality; I Mr. Westlake of, Lake Helen, said the best results. '"'' .

j should be good in another. Diggingthe that trees, in his grove affected by --: .
\ the general depression of the industry If due care is taken in this matter :.
earth from the root thus affected and killed the freeze sent
away blight by -
\had appeared there eight years ago in a good crop every year may be reasonably r ; .- {
and off the.
r ;the white fly in the Foster grove., cutting injured por- up sprouts for a time apparently free expected. He,thinks that the --
lions and washing with a solution of from,the disease but they finally developed -
;Many Had sprayed and sought by more that engage in the business the ,
... carbolic acid has been found
_good. that and'he them
malady dug : >-
,various means to exterminate the little better the results to be obtained. "He :
: with indiffererit' but s It has beenfound; that where trees out and replaced them with new ones. thinks vines melons
pest but success, growing pea etc., {
were grafted soon after the freeze and He had red scale on some of his trees
now there had appeared a bow of where peaches are to be grownis l
hopein: the horizon of the orange .industrythe.little'fungi .: have made a fine growth and a fine and found them very destructive. He not a good plan, as the root knot ;Is :
show of the have devel-
grafts learned from Professor Webber that
; of a dark scaly certainly increased by the growth of. -
oped a tendency to "gum. What since the freeze have'
appearance have. taken hold, and we an opportunityto such crops.
t the outcome will be is to be learned get rid of the red scale, and since jrlj
that lost from
groves were given up as He would not plant them even neara
beautiful yet: the freeze he has not been troubled ,
.the'"hite.fty are putting on
now peach orchard, as no after care or
For the various incident
complaints with them. to have disap
They seem
foliage and the white fly is 'being '
these seemedat labor can overcome ,the evil of root .
.eaten or destroyed by the little uncomely to orange trees spraying peared. knot in lands where these are *
first to be but it is : crops
And the outlook is becoming
fungi. ,
Borers serious trouble
are a
Peach Culture. grown.
to. spray several times in the year in
more ,hopeful Now with *. but be killed the
"' "': order to keep down the enemies and may by going over
suitable facilities for marketing the really he thinks spraying never; destroys Walter Cooper, of' Sorrento, came trees two or three times a year. He '.

fruit"and a reasonable tariff onoran'ges all there to Florida to engage in orange culture has taken as many as from eight to t.
as are so many pla.cesthe -
--e he,think the problem of successfully spray does not touch, that many and planted some peach trees, Bid- twelve borers from a single tree. He .

,' prosecuting business. of enemies and left to well's Early and Bidwell's Late, between uses a small wire that he runs into the

,orange culture\ will be solved.. to multiply escape and.are reproduce. continue By his orange trees in his grove place where the worm burrows under -.:.. 5
!, PROTECTION OF TREES.. spraying in winter three times and then and cultivated carefully. They were the bark and pulls out the borer and ;.

k 6 in it is on a, good quality of high pine land kills it. He does not use coal tar as '
,Rev. D. Davies thinks a covering again Mayand September possible
underlaid with clay. After ten years he does,not know what its effect might .
be in
: .made,of water proof paper for the they may kept a measure *
Ir bearing they are still bearing "well. be on the tree. He thinks the old
outer,portion! and some thick soft material subdued. We need to learn of California
They have been a profitable investment fashioned remedy, soft would be -
their soap,
to.come next to the tree on the growers method of fumi--
which there has been the Noticing the increasing de a good and safe thing to use, but even _
: ,inside, would be a safe thing to use, gation, most
mand for free stone peaches he began then he would advise going over the
effectual method of these
Z f and one could by such a device save fighting. ene-
after the freeze.to increase his trees and hand all the
mies. acreagein taking out by ,. :, k
the trunks'of the trees above the buds "
; ,
that class, selecting the Angel, borers that may be found. :
at rats and entire trees might be 6
f saved any if not, large. He saved FRENCHING AND MAT-ROOT)' Oviedo, Waldo, Florida-Crawford, In selection of varieties to plant, ,:.
top There is a Colon Gem and others. would advise to those that
trees thus himself and they ;: malady becoming com- Imperial, plant cover : .
many, njow mon to orange trees in some localitiesthe From these he has now on the trees the season of fruiting from May until -, -
fine of *"'
are bearing a crop: oranges. habit of "frenching." He thinks the second,crop of fruit and the trees the middle of July. He thinks the :t"--"- .
Mr. W. D. of Belleview
this comes from improper or inadequate are in fine condition.' He thins' out Florida Crawford superior to the El. =: -

stated.'that jn 1890 the paper cones fertilization. Another trouble his fruit to prevent crowding as is the berta!: He advises clean culture until
used and the trees killed. ,
were, were in is "mat-root noticeable with varieties 1St when he for the :
Mr. he with some places general tendency most July stops season, -
Hampton'saic! agrees about the bases of sour trees. The growing here. He thus eliminates all and then expects his trees to bloom '
:Mr.:.Davies but has circumstance to ;
'3 foliage becomes small and the mass of poor fruit and gets a much better about Thanksgiving. He uses fruit f

.. relate.thosc'notcame Those wrapped were .killed, small roots greatly thickened. The quality than he would should he let and vine manure and sulphate of pot. ,T -

,. through all.right. ; hairy mite is also an enemy of nosmall all grow on the trees that would. A ash. He 'prunes his trees eighteeninches

THIRD DAY. consequence. ,The leaves of man should never market a poor and fertilizes twice-in May ,;t .

4 trees affected by it turn an ashen gray. peach. Good prices, as a rule, can on- and July. He uses on small trees ,. '

.r Diseases of Citrus Trees. The insect resembles the'purple mite, ly be.had for good fruit and a grower about three fourths of a pound to the, ]:.;

The report of.the.standing committee and.the trees soon become much injured should have too much regard for his tree; on large trees as much as twelve :..

: on diseases and insects of citrus : ,by {them. From some reason, reputation to send out anything'not pounds. He used to think July
trees was called for. ProC,Webber of however, the mites find the food to first class. The fruit should be picked peaches were too'late to grow here for ,_ 4

Eustis was the only member of ,theY .disagree with them,.and for the greater I before it gets too ripe and the crates the'northern market. but he finds that "_

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....:.:'f.,::-.. .3Oi'z.'J. ,'.,=" .!>- I/ _,"i, H"- 'S- THE_ ,FLORIDA__d. ,'. ,--, rust' -. AND, '. :PBtl..:; '_ Own... MAY. 15,
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\ 1 S$. "-. X?' .. :;; ; 0 .' V'
:': < : ':'-: : I'RYOU ORANG1 TR.3] S When Fertilizing fop Fruit use .
:t ; v r' .
":'' ':' -: by: using '

3 : ',j >''. l'". "The; Ideal Fertilizer.' ,, Ideal Fruit' and Vine. Manure. ,', .' ,.
:'1:1: -- ea Price $27.OO.GUABANTEED r .' _.-
.' '" '. $30.OO, PER TON. <.". -
:: -.:: ANALYSIS. ".
.;..'. .: i.}..,,, PercentMoisture. -> --
:" ;-:' '; '," ....................... 10 .to 13 i i. ". ; GUARANTEED. ANALYSIS.
r'k: '? :Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood, i':. ;.
:- .:. ?.$&w.:. and Bone..... <4X< to 5X Ammonia..-..1.1..1.. 2# to <4< per cent..
Acid ....... Available Phosphoric Acid._. 8 to 8" *
: ,'i-:' Available Phos Acid from Phosphate Bone. 4* to 6X
:t:: "., Sulphate of Potash...............?_.11 to 13 ', .Insoluble Phosphoric ...:...... 1 to 3" "
: to Actual Potash............. r Sulphate of Potash..,.;. 20 to 24" "
< ,;;''' : Equivalent 6 to 8
-. .. .,,; )?lZ: .. Magnesium Sulphate,Lime Calcium Sulphate,Organic HatI' -- .. Potash Actual ................/...110 to D" '*
'.-.<':'," ;::('.; ''ter, eta..........,. 65 to '70 Magnesium Sulphate, Chloride, Calcium Sulphate, -
; Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Heal Blood .. ..... 55 to 60 "
'.-.:\..--.'>' Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring matter used). Made exclusively from Snlphate of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda,
': Blood,Bone, Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash.
'..{ 2.fThis; is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitro '

:': :'_ ; gen coming from: three 'different ingredients is especially t Manufactured By

"; :t{ 1" valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to making .\ WII4SQN. : & TOOMBR. \:..
} quick growth. ,The potash from sulphate of potash .
H ili .' ?. ; only. The Fertilizer House of Florida,"

r> ..': m' Try it.alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced. JKCKSON2 ILLE, I=L7i.

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4j:x i: We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. :J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

::' :i' Stock of'all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, 0. S. Meal,.Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.


I.Ifi; i' :.' Write Us for Price8-beforeBuying. .'

,.".. Wrts011T: & TOO E1* I! R IWBR; CO., Jacksonville,
.': Insecticide and.Fertilizer Lime $7.00 per Ton. I .
', ... "
f' : '.
.. }:;: up to that time, July i5th\ Florida by transplanting nursery trees bearing pound. He had given up their'' cultivation class and are therefore not adapted to

'. _' _i- .'_, .i:i- pe ches_can compete with the Califor them to the groves where the agencies -, and had planted Scuppernongs.He our needs for grafting. They are not
:. .,: : ;=: ;; '._ nia peaches. :of nature will soon disseminatethem now had a reasonable prospect of strong "resistants. The Scupper-
;. Ii" .X: .''.," .. By all means plant a peach orchard, among the infested trees. He a bountiful supply at a very small npng belongs to the Bullace family

"'.. ,...':'. :h.',. but plant on new land and hunt for expressed the belief that here we havean and is too hard for grafting stock.

..: ....'...,-.,:.,,.'- borers ... enemy of the'yhite fly hat will ultimately cost.J. B. LaMontagne, of Winter Park, The post oak grape of Texas, was.tried
'" ROOT KNOT. rid the groves of this dreaded a Frenchman, who is experimentingwith in France years ago and found too

i I -- = Mr. Fairbanks reports having remarkable pest. grapes, was called for. For eightor bitter'to be of any value for fruit

,' 'success grafting Kelsey I Pineapple Culture. nine years he has been testing the though it may have merit as a stock

plums on the native wild stock, and George I. Russell of Orlando reada different varieties of grapes. The ob for grafting.He .
.. -..; .', says;..that cow. peas should not be paper on pineapples and the profits jection Niagara is that when it had tried. all the wild vines he
-::-:''f- i'C.t. 1).s':'' ..'... .. grown among peach trees. attending the cultivation of the finer reaches the Northern market the fruit had found in Florida and thus far had

'.:>. !. : ;,.:: Mr. Wright, of Orlando, states that and choicer varieties of this fruit. He "rattles" from the stems. He has obtained not' found anything of much value.
: ''' ,Mr. Berckmans of Georgia, claims had several fine plants in tubs on the 200 varieties of. European He grows his grapes on high pine
: that the knot on the'root of the cowpea rostrum. grapes from Marseilles. Thefirst land and uses potash and cow or horse

: -.. was not root knot but only nitro- ?Mr. 'Amsden asked "how do you year they made a splendid growth. manure as (fertilizer does not find

) *) : ." -,'. gen receptacles that do not harm. control winter fruiting Mr. Rus- The second year they were dying that manures have anything to do
.r- '
._ ._ : ,.:.-t Mr. Mead, of Lake Charm, said that sell replied : "By planting at such timeas back. The third year only four or with the phylloxera, as that is not

.. truly some ,of the little bead-like enlargements will bring the fruit on at the time five of all were left. The result indicated from manurial causes.Legislation .

: g;.; -:.. ,of the roots of some plants desired." Plants of the varieties he that they were grafted on a Against Pests.

Jt .>_,'< such,as cow peas, beans, etc., are grows produce fruit from good, twelve- stock unsuitable to the conditions Prof. P. H. Rolfs .of the.State Experiment
,, :j.z'<;; : : nitrogen receptacles and useful to inch suckers in twelve months. Plants here. He then obtained '200 more Station Lake City read

'.- ". Co the plant, but that many; of the knots properly grown and properly cared for worked on "different stock. Not 2 paper on Legislation, Against, Fruit a

:,. under microscopic investigation will usually show fruit up to time. per cent. of these failed, and now, after Pests." It was in the form of a bill

.e' -..' proved to be true ,root knot caused Poor plants or plants with poor care four years, they are in a promising for a statute creating a commission and

_.. .., :-- ,f",.,' from the presence of the anguillula. will not do so and can not be relied condition,and are holding fine bunches authorizing it to take the necessary steps
-" --z--c: Lemon Culture. upon with safety: Mr. Russell re- I of fruit. These do not "rattle," for the destruction of insect andto

";:: .J..t; ,Prof. Swingle'read an ably prepared ferred the gentleman to an article previously even after they have been kept threeor prevent their importation pests into, the

:: paper on, lemon culture and the ills written by himself in which four weeks. He gave a list of the State. Professor''' Webber remarkedthat

sij .-..' :?t atttendant upon that fruit, and gave a .this point. is fully explained. varieties that have proven most satis- the bill, as presented, seems to be
: :: detailed account of-how t factory. The worst drawback.of these
they are grown Grape Culture. about as near correct as the scientific
,. -Y., 5 .and marketed in Italy and Sicily. 'v. S. Hart, of Hawks vParfc read varieties is their sweetness, which at- mencould devise ; but he advised that
'.:' Thinks Florida affords field for tracts the birds. They are much
a no hasty action be taken and that the
an interesting paper on ,
: culture with better than grapes sweeter than the Niagara, which bill
advantages which other valuable be carefully examined by practicaland
:Jr among many shows nine ,
are to be had in either of the eight or ounces sugarto
facts, was stated that the Scuppernong legal men, so that whenever actionbe
'':. : countries named.. He predicted that is found to be well 'adapted to the the gallon of juice,. while the for- finally taken'it may be such as to
> ?: lemon culture will at an early day eign varieties show a pound and a reach the and without dan
OS .- wants of this State, as it grows well, case fully,
.,. rival orange growing, and the be of for backward
'!: crop yields well, and is good as a preserve, half.Vines ger a necessity any
.: : -:.'. equally as valuable as a commercial and makes excellent wine. It has grafted on the Estivalis steps to follow the action of the Soci
-- :'" stock do not die back do those
:' crop. fewer enemies and more resistance as
.. r,, :. War on Scale Insects. than many other grapes and can be grafted on the Labrusca stock. The ety.It is probable that whatever maybe

/;. ..':' Prof. Webber then gave a very in. grown without the care and skill required latter is a shallow or surface rooting recommended by this Society will be

ii, ....'.., teresting talk upon the new art of warfare for other grapes. Let every plant, and the former roots deeply favorably acted upon by the Legislature.

: ..-- ( ,';-';'" ..,. '.. ,; .against scale insects.. He used man plant a Scuppernong vine.Ni- and is therefore better adapted to our It will be wise therefore to
',*; the blackboard in illustrations of the agaras are fine and other varieties do light soils than the latter. The avoid mistakes in the work as it pro

: ," ., M various forms of scale insects and the well with proper care and skill. Lackof French grapes thus grown are large gresses. It was finally submitted to

-< white fly. He stated that in several knowledge as to the requirementsof and fine and possess a fine flavor the executive committee, and authority

.:,.*!?-,' localities fungus growths had, 'made business is the chief cause of the and good body. conferred on that committee to act.

.. :t:>, their appearance, which, while not injurious failure. Many persons who engagein They make a good rich wine while Strawberry Culture
\ .. V r .to the trees the business the Niagara is at bestso. w nting'intnese
!;; ;! or foliage, were are not satisfied with.a B. H. Alden has tried
r ',;; ,destructive to<< insect life, and promised reasonable return for their investmentand qualities that the wine is not varieties and finds the Newnan or more the

M 4 h <. .1> -' ." to be of great advantage in eradicating consequently condemn grape good. Wild native grapes taken from best for this country. Strawberries
the northern
7 ; ".!: the part of the.United States
pests. .
growing unjustly.W ; require a large '
amount moisture
': ;): "These. fungi,can be and Canada, and yEstivalis; have in .
;';/ propagated under : A. Emmons, of ,St. Andrews He plants on beds about fourteen
::O; '.; favorable and natural conditions, Bay,-.stated that he had found that his his judgment; been proven to be the feet wide and in rows about
\ : and best introduced where best stock for grafting. The Concord I twenty
: are needed grapes' had cost him about $1 inches
zr : per and J Niagara belongjo the Labrusca ., apart, Thinks 2,000 quarts per.
:+t':: "

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,- .
t s :acre_a good average yield. On ordinary insect diseases he said the parasite attacking Qr
:-land' would use from 1,000 to the cabbage worm was the first KILLS 5UAL.D. :

2,000 pounds of fertilizer of any standard tried.. This was in 1883 and resulted IGA
'grade., To propagate plants corn satisfactorily. Many diseases of this MxuTHRIPJUic=

:may be'planted to shade the young ,class might, be mentioned, but a few t THRIP JUICE

plants'from the hot sun. Would save will suffice. '

o .good strong plants and keep the flow All parasitic diseases to be effectualas I I iJii Is Strongly, Concentrated, and when.

ers all pinched off so as to produce remedies for insect pests must have i Iii I 1 k Diluted as Directed, it makes

the strongest plants possible. When some definite organism. That'of the I'g ;_ I i probably the Cheapest Insecticide
the fruit is ripe 4 ship in refrigerator Cabbageworm is also good for the .
r' c in the World.
'cars. He ships until about April :25th, cotton boll worm. This is not alwaysthe If -.11 .

'after that competition is'too strong. case for many infections that are ,LLUITIUTIONLCALEOIIOMIKC-kiinl- Jt Used in Florida for 13 Years.H.

Bordeaux mixture is good to spray the destructive to one class of insect life L pedal_...Th...rections'.::.t I .
1jj.-. .... --'I1t :.:."r...., .
plants'affected with rust, and for leaf do not affect other classes. Hence the I 3E-.i1.. r yY .I-A.t: ::::.:: .,. =-- I II
rollers would use Paris green and bran subject requires endless experimentation I' t. 1rP; B. MARSH, General Agent, '
The white cricket is a troublesome fellow and great care in keeping data. 'l's ; ;:?, I
, -' ._ _:{_ ?t........ I Okultumka (Lake Co.), Fla. .
and hard to get rid of, Hot water Infections are communicated only by :r.:::=os .r.; I
['M atwdAM _
poured in their holes will do the'work contact however, and when this is effected "_M'- ...-" Sold by many merchants. _

iffpllowed persistently.. Transportation then the work progresses with MAKES loco : HAMMOND'SI SLUG SHOT WORKS,

is the great problem with straw regularity and certainty. Hanging an FISHKIII-ON-HUDSONNEW YORK. -
berry growers. Florida growers pay infected limb in a tree where scale or .-
$650 per car for transportation of their rust exist will eventually spread the
bud and simply tying it on the cleft. NOflENCLATURE COfiniTTEE.
fruit, while Louisiana growers pay infection throughout the tree, providedthe
Continued from last week. t
$250 per car. This is an outrage,and infection. is of the kind fatal to the This method will sometimes succeed }
when method< of bud
should be changed., form of the pest to be combatted. .the customary "
Of the mandarin Gallesio
ding will fail. proper
Developing New Varieties. Restoring Orange Trees. Mr. Bacon gave his experience i in quotes Ferraris as saying it was not 4

Professor Swingle reported upon the The discussion was opened by W.' tying the buds about the old stumps cultivated in Philippines, and that .
experiments conducted at'the subtrop S. Harr. He stated that those whose with hay wire, and recommended the the Chinese,carried large quantities to -

ical laboratory at Eustis in the origination trees were but sprouts about the old use of galvanized wife for the purpose.Mr. Manilla, while Rumphius says, "The
of new varieties of the orange, stump could look only for trees with Icenour has used marline with Chinese in their own country have

pineapple and guava. They have produced hollow stumps in the future. The success, taking a turn, about the bud very elegant round oranges of the
;- sixty-four distinct hybrids of shoots would be liable to split downat first and then another about the stake. second variety which are smaller f than .

citrus, all from the choicer varieties of any time under' a heavy wind or a He did not find that the friction cut. the common kind. These they pre
fruit, ,while the results in the case of load of fruit. His method'of teatment the'fibres of the marline.Mr. serve whole in sugar, by making, fissures -

pineapples and guavas are but little was to bore a hole through the middleof Leslie had drawn the several in them, and flattening,them into .
less i important, They hope to be able the opposite sprouts and put a heavy, buds together above the stump and the form of large .disks. In these little -
produce a variety of guava practir smooth fence wire through, fasteningthe ,tied with old rags at the point of con or no bitterness can be 'detected.
= .. tally free of seeds. They are now outer ends, so that they were tact, with a wire above and another be- They fill jars with them and export
conducting experiments on the orange bound together. If several branchesor low to hold the shoots in place. They them to other countries. The ,
'in the Manatee district. he used several wires In Chinese also send these
sprouts, soon form a union and are able to.support same oranges
A seedless guava would be a valuable some cases he had used long and slender themselves. wholly dry, wrapped in paper, to oth
acquisition and it is thought that stove bolts. No injury to the Foot-Rot Discussed. countries. 1 saw m the Siamese '

by selecting seed from such as come growing, sprouts resulted from boring exhibit at the Columbian Exposition,
Then came a running fire of com-
nearest to thaUdeal will eventually the holes and the use of wire. A cal: several jars of mandarin oranges,
ment on the treatment of foot-r \ Mr.
give us a fruit practically free from lus soon forms about the wires, and Bacon had obtained the following for- kumquats, etc., preserved in thick,

seed.Mr. the growth goes on uninterrupted. half-crystalized syrup in, glass jars, but .
mula from M. F., Robinson, who regarded -
Russell said that the usual
number Judge Gaines stated that he had re- none of the European type of China
of seed to be found in a guava is sorted to inarching, with good result: sulphuric it acid as efficacious mixed in twelve: One quart oranges preserved in this manner.

about four hundred; he has seen spec- But he believed that if a man had nerve quartsof This class of oranges moved west
imens, however, that had only twenty enough to do it, the best course to pur water, and sprinkled on top oi the from southern China, and 300 years
ground about the roots of the affected
seed. He thinks this plan of propagation sue is to cut the tree to the groundand ago were little known in India. :Bo-
by selection will eventuate in into the trees.Mr. navia "If this of -
graft stump. ,says, type orange -
.. Wright advised exposing the
; giving what we need-a seedless Mr. Painter said that he had been were obtainable on the west coast of .
roots cutting the scars or sores
since the freeze and away India the time
guava. in many groves at same as the Arabs
caused by the disease and applying
W. S. Hart, Hawks' Park, says a the best results seem to follow where salt. took from there the Seville (bigarade)

friend has gotten s'eetfof a guava from the trees were cut'close to the ground! common said further west they would, probably,* -
Mr. Reasoner uncover the roots
China that was almost seedless and is and the shoots brought together and also have taken it, although the Seville .
and them to the hot sun.
growing plants, but with what success tied a foot or more above the surface.A W.expose A. Cooper ,advised uncoveringthe orange is, perhaps, one of the hardiest .' '
he unable to state. union has soon formed and the treesare known varieties. .If it were easily I -
roots sweeping off"all dirt with a
Fighting Insects With obtainable in China
Fungus. making satisfactory.growth.Mr. or else.
broom and applying boiling water.
Prof. P. H. Rolfs, of the State Experiment Hart thought it would be a Mr. Hart simply .exposed tHe roots where at the time the Portu ese '

Station, said that their experiments great mistake to cut the trees, as sug- i and left them .. introduced C. Aurantium Sinense into .

in this new method of making gesjed! by Judge Gaines, at this time. C. A. Boone doubted, if,any of the Portugal IJ, they would probably have. ...
war on insects began in 1894, but are The proper time to cut was immediately gentlemen had ever had a severe case introduced this also." He also calls

,yet incomplete.At after the freeze. of the disease. His remedy was to dig attention to the fact that it was but
DeFuniak the experiments on Mr. Gould thought it a mistake that the diseased tree and burn it. recently introduced into Europe whenRisso

the San Jose scale are proving the correctness inarching should not be done now up Mr. Reasoner said that many of the and Poiteau published their

of the theory, as the pests are He thinks it can'be' successfully done old trees in.his neighborhood had been monograph in 1818, or seven years .
and fall the union later than Gallesio. ,I'
gradually giving way. this spring, by next seriously affected. Simply uncoveringand
Thrips are numerous this year es- will be found'strong enough to sustain exposing the roots seems to have t( Risso describes two loose-skinned

pecially on,strawberries. The use of any strain that may come upon the been effective. oranges, Bigaradier Chinois, which .
resin wash is recommended. Kero- tree. The only trouble about inarching has acid and slightly bitter juice, and ;- .
sene emulsion is also used, though the is to hold the parts in place until County Commissioner Thomas, who was used for candying in August, and f. _
professor does not think that the efficiency the growth o'f wood forms a union. called at the Sun office yesterday, re- Bigaradier a feuille de myrte,' wjychJJonavia
of the latter is established as For this purpose wire nails can be em- ports that but little of the fallen timberis } considers was the mandarin

certain. ployed successfully.Mr. being removed. He says that the orange.. .
'Tomato mould, improperly so called, : Hart had also used the wire cut worms.are doing little if any dam Bonavia makes two groups of the .
is a bad thing and'is caused by some nails and the result had been satisfac- age. There are but few worms and loose-skinned oranges; first, ,the Sun. '

-,thing like the orange rust ,mite. He tory. He recommended winter bud parties in search for bait for fish havea tara, and second, the keonla and :-

would use sulphur spray or flower of ding.F. hard time finding them. The logs mandarins. The Suntara, which ;:
sulphur. The latter is a complete D. Waite recommended a systemof seemed to have dried and can be saveda resembles, and probably includes,
remedy and will do the work in tendays budding 'by) simply making a.cleftof year from now. Many cross ties are our tangerines he describes as

.. THis is an important discoveryto the bark instead splitting as in being cut in the Cow Creek section. follows: "A small, slender tree with

tomato growers. On the subject of the usual way, and then cutting the -Gainesville Sun: slender lanceolate leaves, sometimes .

i ..
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I. .

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"" : ; '! 'i' ..
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:. ,, .. "" .:.:1-',-'.:.}.., f' $".- .r'L" ', 140. \ .. I

,'>< '..i:.''''i'f'.r; ; .-,.,..-..'" ,c.2. .. _

'">- 2.'f'," .... : :l ;310,' .. .>, -, THB FLOBIDA Pi'RnUI'NJ' WDi ., MAY. 51,
;: : .r' ,; :; ,- = .
I- -
; ; +''I grape; fruit be listed in one groiip, and -. ---
Strawberries Ice.The :
.. considers that Rumphius who first on
\; : i ; named them limo (or citrus). decu- celebrated T. &T. Strawberry Refrig-
. {-t. : : : mana and described four varieties, tzzay >WTO'.) erators are the universal favorite of Florida
( i t large and small, calling them all pum- A Sore'and Safe Bemedr in very case growers. Perfected after years' of. experience. '
and every kind of Bowel Complaint la Give good service for good fruit.
; ; melos of the first. variety,. is the best
; .I authority for doing so. He says, i PainKiller.This TKUBT Stare& THOMAS:Florida.d. .
': : "The fruit has the shape of an apple,

as large as a man's head, round or : is a true statement and It can't be
< but not flat .. made too strong or too emphatic.It !]. STEEOER SEED ED., iWtti;
compressed, so as a com- .
F : mon cheese. Is ft dmpia.safo and quick core for .I MARY. T. FROTSCHER President

'; : : r: The pulp forms a globe, divided Cramps, .Cough, Rheumatism. Successors to
into intermediate Colic, Colds, Hanralgla, : Richard Frotacher's Gravier Street Branch Store
", various segments by Diarrhoea, Croup, Toothache. : Nos.518 and 520 Gravicr St.,New Orleans,Ia. {
: pellicles, mostly fifteen or sixteen in : TWO SIZES, 25C.and gQc. Importers and dealers in Plower, Field and
1': number, more 'or less, arranged as in .-- t ., Garden Seeds. Grasses,clover, bulbs, seed potatoes
and fruit trees in the ir season, Conducted
,, :: orange; this pulp is either red or purplish by relatives of the late Richard Frotscher. Order

." >? : : ; ; red, resembling that of a pome- stinting and chance hydridizing in through send for one Richard free.FAIRVIEW. Frotscher's manual of 1896 or .r
I ;: :: granate, juicy with a vinous or acid flavor :- the poor soils, bleak exposures and

f; .,.=; ; ; but in very ripe ones it becomes cold winters of Malta and other partsof tlI
,F...,P; : sweet like currants:' Another variety Southern Europe, for the Pommede tat'There '
:. : 'of this first kind is similar
large very Adami can be traced back to near-
>:o-,. ; to it, ota little smaller, but with a ly as early dates as the sour orange. "
J 4 whitish pulp and an acid or insipidand Mr. President this is bai never been a tine when crow
:i. retrospect nec- era should guard against failure with more
flavor". Of the second care. There has never been a time when <
( watery essarily of a cursory nature; but your ferry'*Seed-were more esaentlaL They are
s : *4ie "The fruit of this ,always the best. For Bale by leading
) variety says: committee trusts enough has been dealers everywhere. Insist on having them.
: second species is smaller, not, globose said to show the Society that oranges FERRY'S SEED ARRUALb

': ; : but pyriform, resembling winter ap-- among citrus fruits deserve a systematic fall of information for gardeners and.
r 4 ,. ; ples. The pulp is redder than derivative classification that will round than Then will never be a better time
now to tend for the 1397 edition.Free
m the common one and has a hollow out the Society's catalogue and, place B. M. Ferry A Co.,Detroit Mich.
R ( center. It rarely has seeds; indeed, them in the same bird's-eye-view posi 4 ,

) some are wholly seedless. The flavoris tion that is occupied by ,deciduous
**: sub-acid." "The third species of fruits. ,

.' .: ; : this tree bears fruit of the size of the Respectfully submitted,
E.:.'-- globe; or ball used in the game (name E. HUBBARD. ,
: lost) Round the stalk it is equally Chairman.

; i gibbous, its skin is neither very thick PINERY.
nor bitter but it is hardly edible.. Its

: ; pulp is white, very juicy, acidulous, Grove Orchard.PIG .
,:f" .;vi : :: ; and in the ripe fruit sweeter. *. . Ch 0 i ce

'. \. : i This variety is rare in Amboyna, ands
:; ; : there called .Japanese, as it was CULTURE IN THE GULPSTATESNO. Pineapple
: first brought from there. 2. ,

The fourth species had both white -

s and red pulped varieties, and he says BY FRANK S. EARLE. Plants-] .
"Its fruit of all Fiveor SOIL AND LOCATION.
-+ FOR t9AL13. -
::' ,- : six hang from one stalk, and .are The fig will grow'in,almost any l location < .
.: .. : i'I covered with foveoli. *' The but it f attains its highest devel-- -
pulp is white, more juicy and sweet opment on a rich, moist, but well- Smooth Caypnne!II I Home Grown I n!

S ; than in the common ones. It has drained soil, that contains abundant ---C

'. : hardly any seeds. Some smaller ones humus.A ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.:

: in their upper part, (apex) bear a new plentiful supply of lime, phosphoric .

., ; : layer of rind; others within this havea acid, and potash is also needed, FINS PRICE,
: :: ; small pummelo of the same sub and if not contained in the soil must

: : stance, color and flavor as the rest of be supplied'by fertilization. The best, P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.

} f.: the pulp. This, however, 'does not conditions for fig growth are found in
occur'in all, but only in a small l number the bottoms and hammocks rather HOME GROWN.
of the fruits of this kind of tree,and than in the sandy uplands, though -
1:]., this phenomenon is mostly met with many fine specimens can be found in

:: : : in those from Banda, whence this either location. In planting for home Pineapple Slips

-I'J:" .",- { fruit was brought to Amboyna."The use it is advisable to' plant the trees .
. A ; Y I seeds of such fruit,sown in the near the house and about the farm
-y';.., !;e:,: i latter place, readily germinate, and buildings, for they always thrive in .. and SuckersOf

: produce strong'and perfect fruit, but such locations, while many failures
: the Following Varieties
: they very rarely contain a second have been made in attempting to establish
= : : pummelo."In them under orchard conditions, SALE
-> Batavia, there pummelos also especially in the light soils of the FOR :

with white but the red "piney woods" region. It is not easyto
'U' ; a pulp, ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN
account for these failures since
; ones are preferred. The fruit of ,
: these exceeds in size a man's head; the old dooryard trees are so univer- QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY

;" t .,.. .. : t their pulp is red, juicy and acidulous, sally healthy and thrifty, though growing QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-
I '
-.J" : : resembling\ half ripe grapes, and if 1 without care or attention. Several NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH
,'1 causes can be cited 'that may; contribute -
. r,, : ;: ; hung for a in.year.the"house It would, they therefore keep good seem :! to the result,' but ,all seem insufficient Apply to -

" '" 't" : ; uncertain whether pomelos were. to account fully for the facts 0. 0. MATTHAMS,
> called from in observed. There must be some undetected Florida Pineapple Company
: r-; ,"' : grape-fruit growing tbatxontributes ,
}.. ';; < ; clusters or for their grape-like flavor, factor to the Orto. IMADDOCK
a almost universal superiority of door-
both. Bonavia
0. or says there are de- & MATTHAMS,
; cumana in all species pf this citrus yard over orchard grown fig trees in
{ I growing in India, and attributes- themto the Gulf States. West Palm Beach, Fla

the rich soil and abundant heat and PROTECT WHEN YOUNG.

/ moisture .certain localities. Vice One of the most obvious difficultiesin Tomato shipments from Palmetto

..,.,,$ ,.- versa, the Pomme de'AdamiEurope-( establishing a fig orchard arises wharf.last Saturday aggregated-about
'\r. ". ; an grape fruit,) and Malta blood or from the fact that the young trees are 3,000 crates; for the week over 9,000

-.";:, .. : : anges might result from centuries of tender and easily injured by the cold. crates.-Manatee River Journal.

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1aratL; .#)" '. : : r "- 1 .': :: 'arLOKIDAJA.1lV1lR.um.: _;'.: .. '- r.F ... ""Ml-_ "to":'.:::c.

'- :'. ::":"<>'-"-:-.... <
; ( ;earl Ir: in 'the :' : aIt.emate.rows, when deeded .Wouldleave j -
, r-'!' y season;; ; ; edgejof an orange: grove and_were .. >ewxa
: ,' :#aod thcM frequently : l the' Aotregularly fertilized. .
; '{occurring Spring permanent plan ting-16. by 24 M- -
;frosts: oft !catch themiif;; quite vigoroWgrqwtfc ., f tIr ,best to plant two, or three The observers" failed to note that lY :

:" ," 'This does no great harm cuttings'at 'each:;:place, to be sure,of a these camphor trees 'extended their IIII TYLES.lI, --. '

._ :-to:oldiethough l 'the'young'leavesaiekilled stand ,All but the. most vigorous roots into'the groveaudfed upon the i BEST,and CHEAPEST. _

: they soon push,out can be,cut out if more 'than."",one starts fertilizer there, and grew twice or Catalogue and foil treatise on iprsTinit frafi _
4 :aad'as' the principal crop of fruit is to grout.The three times as fast; as trees on the same | and'nret.&bl.cropa STAHL mailed- free AddreM

.borae',on the"new' wood.the crop is .*-: ,, soil with,but::1ittle fertilizer.' IIIlI mmI'l1ntummnuttf'Y'ft WM $ !QUINCY" "!nnrr,'.ILL.'."""' _' _

.sot rauch.injured. With>young: trees, c Centennial. 'Oranare, Tree.. The tree ,responds 'wonderfully to _
M 'however i it(is different tissues Editor Parmer and Fruit-Grower; cultivation IL 9
.., ;' ;; as the and high feeding. I do
6i ;of;the'trunk' softer. Fine,- thrifty In selecting .a tree for profit, the not see that it differs materially froman
'-trees'of'two'years' growth are 'killed] first point to consider is the tree itself orange tree: in this respect, and

-;v .. *to:"Uie?ground ,by .a, slight freeze after the second its fruit. like an orange tree it will perhaps live .
'their.5pringgt'9wth.h: s started. They Experience has shown that all the when neglected,' but certainly will "-
","may start again from the root but their foreign varieties do not make such not be profitable.It .

, to-,. =" vitality.Is injured and they do not seem thrifty trees, and are.more subject to seems as though at present prices Flood Sufferere-ltieniiM .

,: ,, .to, fully recover; .Such trees at 3.or. disease, while ,the. native varietiesare camphor growing would be quite' fence Those In who use will are BO usually fortunate find It as Intact to hare after Pare tb& -
y # years old are often no larger' than.afvter more adapted to our climate and profitable.I waters need subside. If the posts are washed out,It will
; the:first summers! growth. Young soil The Centennial orange got,its reputation had supposed the demand to be once.re-stretchlnsr See April"Hustler; .and IOU for latest should flood notify test.: us at

ifees. also, utfer?much more severely first at the Centennial in Phila- very great and. increasing until; I re- PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian Mich.
: .
v'than'i'id. :ones :from, extreme. cold in delphia in 1876, and has been grown centlyobtained information from the .
.. since by a few of the most successful K{ 'MONEY MAKERthe
I. 'winter, even,when 'entirely ,dormant Bureau of Statistics, in Washington,
*-It: would appear that the shelter afforded.by growers. My attention was directedto which shows a gradual diminution' in thrifty iadastrlotuhaajUl about her
i buildings and yard; fences the Centennial six years ago, by one the quantity imported into the United NewPouttryCuldefortiMi7. s
of the most prominent whose 100 pa printed; In colon best 4BIIW*W
:-may_sufficiently protect young trees growers; States during 'the past ten years. The uoatry booses;;lUre remedies and recipes
;y;;; ,modesty forbids me to mention his for diseaM len,for ISc.If yon write now
;;. :damage, when in.an open space importation of camphor in 1896 was L_' JOHH SAUS3H1S; ':.,Box 31,Ireepcrt QL
.theyrwould:: severely injured. Then, name,,but he lives in Federal Point, in'round figures, only one-third_of the _
t., if from;a dozen cuttings :down in and it is not Mr. Hubbard but the importation of 1887. The. value of

:' .such, 9ut.of-thewa: >, places only two other fellow., Following are the reasons -' the 1896.importation is nearly as greatas t. -

orjthree grow, .t they are seen and ret why he recommended that tree. the value.of the three times greater p. SMOKE YOUR MEAT Will ,

-: ..:: timbered. while the failures_are, toi'gotten > It is a very thrlftytree, free from quantity imported 1887. IKRAts334F LIQUID fXTRAct SittKE : .

,,' f whereas orchard row showing disease, very prolific, fruit excellent, However, the'profits that have been .Ciacut2R.LKRMi5ERABfIM1LTQlt.PA1oridaT.: t -
*.. a: stand of .only.-one-fourth'IS very ripens very early, and, hangs on the figured out in camphor growing are ', .
unsatisfactory. The dooryard, tree tree late. Last year, when I was based upon the 1887 value. -
.usually! gets the benefit, of ashes and ready to bud 'my trees I asked that I have. tried to find out the J ; .:.
gentleman\ if he still holds his opinion -.I lands / =. .
t ,house-slops .and.perhaps. the wash cause of the decreased impor : : :
; '.from the barnyard. These sources of about the Centennial, and he answeredby tations, which, means decreased -' '
f ;
t :
; f fertility are all beneficial 1, for the fig all means. I then budded over consumption and to* learn what Oranges gv : : .
.. 'is'a gross feeder. Its roots are never 50 .per cent o.f my trees with it, and now takes the place of the cam ::,:. '..":,,

t: ,broken by the plow, which is another regret today, 'that, I" did not make it phor formerly imported. but thus far jResorts -

? great advantage, for the fig has a shal 100 per cent. My ,buds were put in without success

: low rooting habit and does not thrive last April, May, June, and today Taking the average consumption of fnvestments. i: [
,whenits feeding roots are disturbed. these buds are fen to fifteen feet high, camphor in the United States for the -

'o-" *? In,the light soils of the South it is well branched and most oft the trees. past:five years as a basis, I find that if flevelopmentsK: ;', ..'-

.''t extremely difficult to keep the plows have fruit on, and some a box or fifteen hundred ,acres were now set t"+ .n'
.and:cultivators from running sodeep more. In order to make' the Centen out, in five years time and annually ..)Attractions % __ .
as" to do serious' injury to fig trees, trial more popular, I will send to any thereafter they would .produce as -j Addr.il, ';: > -

o and, the proper cultivation or treatment one, mailing me his address before much camphor gum, as the United G. D. ACKERLY.r ..: .
May 20th a few of the buds.H. VCtMCRAL ; .
.of a fig orchard is therefore ,States annually used. PASSCNCCR ACCNT. r C';';,,

-I. 'a serious question. Many grow- .: FRIEDLANDER.. Basing my calculations upon, the THETROPICALTRUNKLINE, ,":0'.,
-/ :ers;advise against plowing after the .''Interlachen, ila.ms amount'used in 1896 one thousand. JACKSONVILLE. FLORID :, :-.'.-::
first year, but the .tree will.not thrive acres would do it .' -:';""\. {:'"
,-" .f if choked'with grass'and weeds. To ,Camphor'' Culture in Florida. From this it will be seen that if .r..,. _
fir 'keep large orchard clean with a hoe Editor Farmer Fruit-Grower: people went into camphor culture arranged for the purpose and hauled < ..

w is no.small. : undertaking. Some advocate I .have' received many inquiries with anything like the zest we go into to the still. '
heavy mulching to'keep down about camphor growing in Iorida, orange culture, the quantity would be When you consider that it takes
weeds, and that is often advisable, and there has been much written in setout during the first month.Under severity-seven' pounds of leaves or <

"\ but the: hard, clean-swept southern the papers about it, largely based present conditions, 'or'present branches to make one pound of gum ,,;;
Y 'dooryard seems to suit the root ,habitof Upon,.the experiments_ made in.cultureand I prices, which, as I have said, are camphor, there'is a very large item of : .
; ..the;fig better than 'any system! of manufacture.by my partner, Mr. i higher than formerly when the.impor- expense connected with the mere matter ': : '

; ,:cultivation. yet.devised..- Another H. G. Hubbard, (Special Agent U., tations were greater: I do not consider of getting these leaves and branches J: '
:point to be considered IS that the fig S. Department of Agriculture,) and there would be very much profit in to the still where they again require a -: {- ,

suffers severely from root knot, when. myself. the business except the trees are lot of labor before, you get even the ,fr ,
.., :'planted in the fields where vegetablesor : In order: to avoid any one being planted compactly in groves and the crude article, not the gum. {: -,_
(: cowpeas have been grown, as the misled in the matter; I wish to make'a still for manufacturing placed in the GOLDSMITH H. WILLIAMS. ..- .? .
.: ,nernatodes causing this trouble multiply little statement of certain facts which'will center of each good sized grove. Crescent City, Fla. / -'"":,t ,.>
: in 'the roots of all such crops. enable people to judge for them My reason is this. We first supposed .".:4,;S.

.. In 'planting' a fig orchard care selves, of the, advisability of going.into that trimming out the surplus Hearing a Comanche warwhoop in ,:t.>.
t1 Mould' be taken to select new land the business. growth of the trees would be a profit Mr. Mallory's truck farm to-day, your i '

,' ( :that known- to be free from these i. Experiments and observations dur able way of proceeding,but on further correspondent hurried over to ascer s ,. .;,
r y :.pests. ing the past year have naturally re- investigation I find that it would be tain the cause, and was shown returns .

'The has a spreading habit of vealed some facts that in some degree altogether too. expensive a means of just received from 1,163 baskets of ."
I.;.. growth and when old requires considerable modify the outlook for this' business. gathering ,the raw materials for, the beans, from which he realized 2376. .'.; .
'' room.. As' the cpttings cost That the camphoriree grws.well still. It seems to me, that probably 44. "Farmer" received a telegram r;

:- k but ,little* i it :is well to plant rather here, and'yields,as,good percentageof the best method-will be to wait until from Cincinnati this morning an. '
closely,;with thfcexpectation: ,of thinning gum as the tree of Japan and For the trees are say five years of age and nouncing the sale of sixty-one baskets
':out the; trees when necessary.Witlr mosa.seems to,be,a fact. from twelve to fifteen feet high, then Qf F cukes at $S per basket; another
,. woo: trees to the acre the earlier There is,one impression quite general annually cut off a portion the large twenty minutes later from New York

j; r :crops.would be double"those: obtaineda.plahting now, that the tree will thrive on limbs quite close to the trunk of the reporting the sale of eighty-seven bar- : _
-t..r J ( ; ol half that number;; poor land without fertilizing, or with tree. In this way it can be done rels of potatoes at$7,and still another :' '. .
". ';;.ligkdoubtless ,lop"full-grown trees very little. easier than any other T have "thoughtof a few minutes later from Philadelphia: :, '

--'would sufficiently occupy the.land.. Tfrishas come in some instances or:heard suggested, as the gather- i bearing the glad tidings of the-sale of ':::: "

Twelve by i6isa, :suitable: distance from the fact that camphor trees have ing would be quick and large branches 214.crates: of cabbage at $3.-Lowell .

- r '" for,the trees when.young.. Removing gown very well,when,planted on the. could be easily placed upon wagons I items in Ocala Banner.. '. :.ts--:-: ,
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?'::!' ,.,.' ,r---},:::.- 1 5tateNews.Over : ,I4y' Our Rural Home. When ,canning of strawberries try .A Scientist. Saved: ..
; putting one cupful sugar every

'f ,, ) ;; i ?- '-- ;. :, two cupfuls' of strawberries, let standa President Barnaby Hartiville College, t

:.,-' : sixteen hundred A Letter. while to draw the juice, then cook Survives a Serious Illness Throughthe
gophers were
> -:': Por OUr Rural Home: nearly as long as for jelly, and can. Aid of Dr. Williams' Pink. .
toPensacola L.M. Ware
> shipped' by' After a: long and severe illness, I If you (or your neighbor) has & Pills for Pale People.
& Co. the last of;,the
trip: Cleopatra.
: by .
From the
; -, St Andrews come again for a place among you wine press,and strawberries are plenty, Republican. Columbus, Ind
:-: Buoy. and trust'that I shall find a kindly} press out the juice, put in a preserv- The Hartsville College, situated at

-.Y.;: .Regarding some satisfactory disposition welcome.For ing kettle and let come to a boil, then' Hartsville, Indiana, was founded..years'
:4- 'of. the State convicts, couldthenot many months I have been un- set off and let settle for a few hours. ago in the interest of the United Brethren -.
Church when
the State
U,.' ; be profitably employed upon able'to write, and only such articles Pour the clear juice from the settlingsthen wilderness, and colleges were was mostlya scarce.

... some good farm. ? The State has as had been previously prepared have bring to a boil and can. It The college. is well known throughoutthe

> < to provide.for the inmates of the in. found their way from my desk to our must only reach the boiling point. country, former students having

_ .. > sane asylum at Chattahoochee, could editor's sactum. This method works beautifully in gone into all parts. of the world.

not enough be made and more besides Now that'my health is slowly improving canning grape juice also, repeating the

y to feed'the.convicts and the inmates my physician insists upon a settling and puring off two or three

: .: of the asylum? Mississippi change of scene to complete the cure. times. The color and flavor of the

':" ;.. ,works her State convicts profitably It has occurred to me that some.reader fruit are thus saved and a spoonful l or

.' 7 c tltfr \', .:\< upon' farms, why could not Florida of 0. R. H. may know of just the two in a glass of sugar and water .

!y do likewise ? And in what way could place for that purpose.A makes a delicious drink in sickness or:

rk ': o.L;_;.... .they be.employed in which, they quiet place on the coast not too health.It .

'.;" t would come into less competition with far away, with moderate prices, is can also be made into jelly at

.: '' ,.. free labOrLeesburg Commercial. preferable.Possibly. ,any time by adding an equal amountof

r Mr. E. Muder) lately, from Sumatra our new circle friend M. ., sugar and boiling a few minutes. It c*

has.been'requested by the.agricultural M. will bear.me company if a room is much easier to can fruit juices in
house" be secured. weather and then make them into
.< department of the United States for "keeping can I hot
.. ''': bulletin should be glad to hear from the .jelly after the weather gets. cooler.
government a on
St. I .. iiIL\
of Cedar Keys or Augus-
vicinity r
tobacco culture in S_ Sumatra: which he.
tine ill the RURAL HOME has readers Wise Counsel to Mothers. .
has to do and will have it ;
r agreed .
.,.. r. .
.II< 'ready in about three months. It will If a child, when its temper is inflamed
f Why do not more of you write for, reporter recently called at this 'famous -
,contain about 20,000 words, and will with passion, can always look.upon your
.treat.of the history of ,the 'cultivation 0. R. H. which our editor has kindlyset countenance as in sympathetic touch seat of learning and was shown into
apart'for our use? with his troubled mind, it will do more the room of the President, Prof. AlvinP.
: of tobacco in Sumatra touching on "
; .
: Barnaby. When last seen by the
It has quite worried me tb see so towards ameliorating his condition than
the particulars temperature rainfall Prof. in delicate
reporter Barnaby was
is all the punishment can administer.
) a few'names of late. I am sure there yon
i.: health. he in the
acreage, and results on the different Christian Larsen.A Today was apparently
r 3 :J estates of the island. It will be: not one reader but has some favorite passionate child is usually a brightone best of health. In response to an inquiry

distributed by the department. Mr.' recipe or method of doing some part therefore all the more need of judi- the Professor said:
of woman's work that others of the cious management. Don't whip such a "Ob, yes, I-am much better than for
Mulder that his seed-beds at
says some time. I am now in perfect health
Then child. Firmness and kindnes will do ;
circle would like to know.
f::: ,' : Highland, Clay county. are in fine'condition but my recovery was brought about in ,a
.. not it along ? wonders; and do not lose your own tem- .
pass rather
and he expects 'to begin peculiar way.
for in diminish
so doing you
-? .' setting the plants in about ten days.; What if you have never written for per influence and power. Let them see your that "Tell me about it," said the reporter.
s: .. : the papers Our editor is very considerate their friend and "Well, to begin at the beginning," said
., g > / He anticipates great success'in the user you are.truly mean only
: .
the "I studied too hard whenat
miss professor,
and willingly corrects: kindness toward
; them.-Mra. M. E,
of Sumatra tobacco in Florida.Citizen. .
takes if will send the ideas, Berry., endeavoring to educate myself
,, you only
.' for the professions. After completing -
., .. should
You treat child
: a passionate
i it
and address
>:! ". .{ Geo.P., E. Part bought Be sure to put your name with kindness and patience and never the common course, 1 came here and
< ; carpenter,
_ in the upper left hand corner of the graduated from the theological course I
.. five acres of land near ,Mr. J. J. Eastern's get into a temper yourself. A .child of
entered and the
first of letter or ministry, accepted
page your is of
passionate temper usually one
::} : place and will .erect a dwelling of United Brethren Church at
< charge a a
side of the
: fx' character is
write'only on one paper strong but often ruined by
= z house there this He .will small in Kent Mich.
summer. treatment.-L. glace County, Beingof
and chose at the Apgar.
sign any name you
., set to work at once clearing up the an ambitious nature, I applied myself
end for publication, but I must say to work and studies. In
: land and planting out in pineapples, .Mrs.A. E. Waterman, one of 'the best diligently my
that I like the real name the best. time I noticed that my health was failing.
_ "- ::' oranges and grape fruit. Edward Fry farmers near Ocala, has found a remedy
Suppose we have a grand rally and My trouble was indigestion,and this with
;t: '.;F. has also purchased five acres adjoining our editor by each one send.. fo;; _the cabbage worm, which recently other troubles, brought on nervousness.
_' ':'- the,same place and will soon have i it surprise made its appearance in that section, and "My physician prescribed for me for
however short for
ing something, which she is sure preventive. Her
:" says a
: and some time, and advised me to take a
: planted in pineapples.
oranges the R. H. recipe is one ounce of saltpeter to threeor change of climate. did as he requestedand

rt ..;,:) Thus the improvements go'on.. It would soon be the most interest- four gallons of water, well dissolved was some improved. Soon after I

,l .,;.t This section is rapidly! developing, and! ing department in the paper and we and spray well on the plants while theyare came hero as professor in physics and

_ ..' '. ;; some of the finest pineapple farms in should feel' well repaid for the little young. While nearly all the cabbage chemistry, and later was financial agentof

; 'a, Lee County are in this vicinity. It is had taken for it. I patches near her are completely destroyedby this college. The change agreed with
: trouble the hers
we worm, are as perfect as one me, and for awhile my health was bet-
W. H. Farrel about
seven I few would care too look at which she attri-
.; Now, want to give.a straw- ter, but my duties were heavy, and again
F-1'. acres cleared and ready for planting. berry recpies and would like some butes to the use of the above recipe. found my trouble returning. This timeit

.:, It will: be mostly set in pineapples and from.others before it is too late, also -S I was more severe and in the winter I

:::; : ... oranges.-Myers Press peach recipes as peaches wilt soon be Mr. Charles W. Dabney, Jr., Assistant became completely prostrated. I tried
.. : .- Since last Mr. Garvey has increased Secretary of Agriculture, estimates the various medic nes and different physi

: ;: '' year ripe.Yours value of the cotton seed of the South at cians. Fnally I was able to return to
: .", : .. 'his plantation to some,30,000 for an.Interesting Dept. the present low prices of oil, meal and my duties. lust spring I was elected

; .tf"p: ts.or about four acres, and the MRS. R. E. MERRYMAN. hulls would be, if it were all pressed, president of the college. Again I had

.. newly set out plants are all doing well. i Melrose,. Fla.STRAWBERRY. $79,025,000 at the mills. As manure the considerable work,and the trouble,which
,' -'. Judging the pineapple business by thIs'field seed is worth to the farmers at least $8 a had not beep entirely cured, began to
ton and had better be thanto affect and last had
fall I I
? composted me, collapsed. .
'? it is safe to say that it has proved SHORT CAKE.-Cream
sell at a less,price than he can get in different doctors, but none did me any ,
,: a great success, and that good profits two and a half cupfuls of sugar with exchange. of Its equivalent in cotton seed good. Professor ,Bowman, who is pro-

:. :s' await those who engage in. the culture one, heaping tablespoonful of butter meal' fessor of natural science, told me of his

", _#:;> of this fruit,,and all who contemplate Add one beaten egg, two and a third 1 experience with Dr.Williams' Pink Pills

.:...', ;:". trying .it should take a look at the cupfuls of water and two cupfuls of The influence of an up-to-date farmer for Pale People and urged me to give
into who them trial had benefitted
farm. We sifted flour into which has been sifted moving a community, gently a because they
should thatall'of
.<. .. ;.; _"_.: Garvey state and unostentatiously, where slipshod him in a similar case, and I'concluded to
"'f' _:: .. these plants are in open ground two teaspoonfuls of baking powder. I methods have been the rule, pursues improved try them. ,

;" )' : shed protection, and.that This is best baked in three jelly cake methods is like leaven hid in :"The first box helped me, and the sec-

i :,,"--: .._' 'they passed through last winter wIth. tins, then spread with butter and three measures of meal. The success ond gave great relief, such as I had severexperienced
following his methods will in time lead from the treatment of any
:- .o i'out.the'sbghtest: sign of cold weather. strawberries and pile together. Eat
others in the better physician. After using six boxes of the
# way. .
r Our time short but made while hot with and Some
: was we a sugar cream. medicine I was entirely cured Today I
... .T _'. hasty visit to Mr.JV.. B. Bcall's patch, prefer less sugar in the cake, while There are: 8,000,000 people earning a am perfectly well. I feel better.. and
livelihood in the field and the twothirdsof
'h '.:;-<.. and: found his plants doing well, although others like a'rich biscuit dough bakedin the people not so earning a livelihoodare stronger than for years. I certainly recommend -

: _:.;c i. '. ,; (;it:was plainly to be seen that one loaf, then split and. spread as dependent upon those who aree. for this medicine."

..,;'f ,the Porto Rico variety thrived better mentioned, using plenty of sugar, on To allay made all an doubt affidavit Prof.before Barnaby cheerfully

4 > ".:,< ,. there than any.'of the other varieties.. tfie berries and eaten like the.others food.A repair shop on the farm is a good LYMAN J. BCUDDER. Notary! Public.

'.;'i;;;;' .-Ft Myers Press: with sugar and cream. thing to have.. :. ': t ; Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale

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$J i' TRE FLORIDA_ FARMER' AND ,PBOTW3BOWK.. :'u I : '" 3 3... ._'__.z
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'..Ptople j are sold, b 1.aU dealers, Y.
;Of.will ,be'sent poet:paid on receipt of I Hon. James.. Wilson. Secretary :of Agriculture, P H
Pftee,- 50 cents a box or six'' boxes for \ T
tIM, (they are never sold! in bulk. or by Our picture of'Hon. James Wilson was el in Iowa. It is shipped East and it otatoes
tile!li>) by addressing Dn Williams' ordered for last month but arrived too is sold for 25 cents a bushel to a man I .
; .Medidne.Company, Schenectady ,N.Y. late for publication. Our readers will be there who turns it into, meat and makes I
glad to look on tho face of the man whois a profit, or it may even go-.across the Tomatoes Melons, Cabbage -
more'closely identified with their in- Atlantic ndbe, turned into meat by one
Howe'FettraisfiiBg, Hose Demands. terests than any other man in the govern- of the farmers in England who will pay Turnips! ,. Lettuce, Peas, Beets,

., We o oe went into the parlor of a meat He is a farmer from "away back" 75 cents a bushel for it. Think of the Onions and all Vegetables '
well,;..te"do merchant that was fair into a Scottish ancestry ills father chance that the farmer who raises it has re

with,a_rich Brussels carpet and furnished wanted to come to America before he to make money over the others. I have move large quantities Potash :x
with: 'some. half dozen plush chairs, a was married but in compliance with, his been raising corn for more than forty from the soil. .
rocker and center table. The chairs stood i father's wishes he settled down on the years, and I have never sold a bushel. I SupplyPotash! ,
arouad-the'outside of the room, the table I farm in Scotland. When James was six- raise hogs and stock, and I feed all the
,, : 'contained one or two books but everything teen his father came to this country, first grain that I make. ?
;, looked stiff and inhospitable. Not settling in Connecticut; but soon removing Mr. Wilson does not'approve of export-
gr = a picture: on the walls, and nothing to to Iowa, where he is still identified ing corn. .
'give a homelike look. While we were with farm interests The European farmers don't want our .
not educated in artistic taste or the proper Some facts given by Frank Carpenterin corn. They know that corn is very poor in liberal quantities by the use .I .
harmonies of colors of the paper on the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune in nitrogenous matter. It does not make
the"walls with the colors of the carpet, .. from'an interview with Mr Wilson will good manure. The per centage of nitrogen of fertilizers containing not
'we felt a strangeness and received a not- be read with interest. We condense. in corn is only about 1 to 10, while less than 10% actual Pot ,
at-home impression. To the question "Is there money in farm- flax-seed and cotton seed meal are almost '.
We )havo been in other homes where ing?" he replied: half nitrogen. The European farmers ash. Better and more"profit. ,,-.. ... .
there was ,abundance of furnishings, "If your young man is the right kind have to have food that will enrich their able
where there was lavishness of expenditure of a young man, if he has a liking for lands. So they import the refuse of our yields are sure to follow -
;- ,pictures adorned the walls,an excess farming and has enough business sense oil-mills by the thousands of tons. Did All about Potai-the results of its use by actual ex '
,of furniture filled- the room, the center to farm rightly, he can do well. In buy- you ever realize that we are the great told periment in a little on the book best which farms we la publish the United and will States gladly-is -,
'I table was crowded with pictures, magazines ing a farm, however, he should -go out to paint users of the lobe? We use more mail free to any farmer in America who will write font* '
; albums -and 'baskets, there were look at the paint than GERMAN KALI WORKS, '
.rockers for everybody, but with an land with aspade any other pj Nassau St.,New Yank ;,
-arrangement that.gave a crowded and in his 1c pcopleandwe
stuffy look that indicated a lack of taste hand, and ? importquantities I
and want harmony; giving the should know of thirty-six per cent: tomato, twenty-one ,
':.sion the hostess, belonged to the codfish that some flaxseed from per cent; melon forty per cent.
aristocracy, who had the means but not kinds of labor ,.India and > < -'-
,r ,the taste to ,discern a fitness'of things are hardlycheap other countries A tracker less than a hundred miles
that would please the eye of a person of at any to make from this place had the audacity to ship ',
Culture., There was a muchness but a price. He = linseed' oil. some cabbages to Atlanta with the hope
.lack. of order, which is heaven's first law; should study :Much of the of getting some returns to pay his taxes ,.1-
a quantify that lacked quality; a love of the soil and refuse of the with. It is about ten hours' ride ,over.
,display' without the good taste that the markets, seed goes to the Plant System by passenger cars,' but -.
- produce the most harmonious and becomea Europe. The the cabbage was over ten days making
.r '.would farmingmanufacturer farmerS there the trip. The. presumption ia-if we 'f
Neither of these arrangements are conducive ., $ understandits dare to presume, that the cabbages upset
i 'to home comfort. There is a instead of a *%4 / .j '-' value, and the ,system and the caudal appendage ;
golden mean 'found in some homes, mere raiser of we.who oughttokeepiVlet got out of working order and the con- '
) where a little goes a great ways, where raw materialsfor i +Y. a+..tJ ty ai3FLN signment was sidetracked;' 'at any rate .-
p 'the housewife adapts means to ends other people it go. they were rotten when they arrived at
who: asks of her purse what(she should to make In regard to their destination. The commission,man ,.
- spend, where money is not frittered away money out of the production wrote to the shipper to remit a certain t

.in useless expenditure of cheap furnish- them.. i of sugar amount to pay charges. The shippernot ,
! ifig, of which the eye soon wearies, and "What do he said: only lost his cabbages but had' to pay \
f: where the husband is not perplexed how you mean .by 4iV-; I "We are the system for losing them. The laws of ::
. to'.make his income meet nome expend- that, Mr Secretary L ] now sendingout the land should be of each a nature that ;'
i itures. ?" said\ j. beet seed the shipper,could recover from the stein ,- -.
The faculty: of good taste in house furnishings I. ,''' to different as this was a case of pure neglect but .,,:
and obtaining the best effect "I mean parts of the the system recognizes nothing. (;' .,.
k with the means at hand;;of being contentto just what I n rj MississippiValley. The shipper of the cabbage was in the ,_,,
'live within one's means and being satisfied say," repliedMr. There post? office one day bewailing his loss :
not to have things possessed by a Wilson. is no doubt when, to try his mettle,'I asked; "Why'don't .
x, neighbor whose income is greater or "It is the but that we you sue the System?" He is a mild .
... :t mannered man and so modest that, al-
., whose expenditures are beyond hi's in farm manu- can raise the
comes is beyond estimate The value of facturers who sugar beet; though a deacon and a pillar in the 'F;
r1 such a wife, is described by Solomon as are making the money today, It is the and we ought to make all of our own su church he seldomhas the courage to say '. :
-above rubies. Her husband doth who their materialsand r We "amen" but this question aroused.all the
-,: one men are taking raw gar. are now paying $125,000,000 a '
- -safely.trust in her and her children riser turning them into meat and sellingthe year to other countries for this product.We old Ned that was lying dormant and he '
up and call her blessed. The home of meat who are making the money. It get avast, amount of beet sugar from said between his teeth "Do you take me :
<.. 'such a woman is her chief delight. She i is the fellows who are selling the grain Germany, and a great deal of cane sugar for a fool?"' and then shaking his index :..:
a- finds her greatest satisfaction in home who are losing. Take my region: I live from Cuba. I believe the time wil come finger to give more emphasis to his -''.' '
- husband and children, and needs not the in the greatest corn belt on the globe. when we will raise all that we need." speech, 'continued: "I can sue a merchant ,"
excitement of the society woman. Her We raise millions upon millliofls of bush- In these extracts can be seen the kind I can sue a saw mill, I can sue a J /
home is her citadeL The requirementsof els of Indian corn. There are six States, of a farmer Mr. Wilson is and the kind town, and get justice, but I am"not such -.: ; "
the home are first. The demands of including Iowa, which produce over a of farming he will encourage in the a gilded donkey as to sue a railroad --- ""
church and society 'are secondary. The billion bushels of shelled corn every year. United States. It is well for the farmersof with an appendage! that owns and contro'ls ,, -
success: and integrity and honor of her The price of this corn if sold is only 13 the country to have such a man at the everything in sight. So I must bear ,

husband are in her keeping, as is the cents a bushel. If you turn it into meatit head of the Agricultural Department and my loss as best I, can and _pray for a*' -,.'. .
: 'future of her. children. With her rests will bring you 40 cents a bushel. Thatis in close touch with the President who -; r. '.
c not only the future welfare of husband the difference between good and bad will be influenced by him in matters Indications are that the prices of livestock -- ,',r.
'and children but of the church and the farming. It is the difference between 13 pertaining to their interests. havereached, low water mark and.',' ,
nation. In the home woman rules the cents and 40 cents, the difference be- Although a Scotchman, :Mr. Wilson is that the trend is upwards. .c..'.
world; and when she neglects the home tween a big, profit And a big loss. The in appearance a typical American farmer .: p
M. :to seek 'a' mission in public or on the poor farmer sells his grain and keeps -not an agriculturist of the sort gross- .
:stage: or in the church, or at the polls, poor; the good farmer turns it into meat ly caricatured in the coinic publications, HOW'S THIS!. .
.y abe deserts her throne,And her power to and dairy products and gets rich. Lookat but a fine, upright citizen, whose actions We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewardfor
govern the world. itI I The corn is worth 13 cents bush- betoken lif -long contact'with the soil. case of Catarrh that cannot be
,A young man once said to a model -SOuthern Ruralist. cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure :
housekeeper after visiting the home of a F.J. CHENEY&CO., Props., Toledo, 0. R >, '
noted W; 0.T. U. lecturer whose husband you have aspirations that shall lead you plant three or-four times the quantity to We the undersigned, have known F. ..-.; "
was a drunkard, "Mrs. if I i to feel that church or society, or the public get a stan In 233 samples of seed J. Cheney! for the last 15 years, and! we believe =).
: had such a home, I would be a"drunk weal has greater claims on you than twenty contained three or more poor him perfectly honorable in all bUS1t:::'
,I ant the home. seeds for good one and thirtyfourother -
every ness transactions and financially able to ::1-:
The lack of home comforts and homelike samples contained cent ___ --
.. fifty per or carry out any obligation made by their ': .
surroundings has drawn many a man more poor? seals. In twelve other sam- : firm. ...: '
to the club, or the saloon, or to viler Good Seed. pIes the highest per cent of terminable WEST & TBUAX, Wholesale Druggists, _-
F places. The neglect of, the home, in The importance of good seeds for the seeds was forty, as shown by the follow- Toledo, 0. WALDINO+< KINMAN &MAE- -
making it the dearest spot on earth has. garden is emphasized in the followingtest ing: Lettuce, one per cent; pepper,nine ,TIN, Wholesale Druggists. Toledo,-0. : .
tbeen the environment that has sent of the growing quality of a tested per cent; pepper, six per cent; onion Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, {.,, '"
many a lovely son or daughter who lot. Buy of a responsible seedsman< and twelve per cent; spinach fifteen per cent; acting directly upon the blood and IDs- :f :'::'.,"
"might have been an ornament society stick to the one you have found generally spinach,, twenty-five: per cent; celery, cuous surfaces of the-system. Price 75c. L:: a
.to the bad.Better reliable in the quality and purity of his twenty per cent;parsnip, twenty-six percent per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Testimonials ,: .
r r not to be a wife and mother if seed. Seed that you will not have to ; radish, sixteen per cent; squash, free, ,_ ':i.r: :

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companies tion business in this State schedules
: ,'" E 1c by : doing as are made prima facie evidence.
., ,{,'.' ,. :i' ::....,:, .. .. .
.', ;: ..- ..fir: ',;.' <-, ...;A-We- t1F Newspaper- published-' ti"16,Main others engaged as common'caniers. soon.as-practicable. a.printed scheduleof The said commissioners, be-'
; ..'.
..- '. ,.' .}" ;t!;.Street,'TftdcsomriUe.. Fit.' doing busmess in this State over their just 'and reasonable rates and fore revising, fixing, adopting or '.-

.r--/; .., ;J.i.! respective lines, or connecting lines charges for transportation of freights, allowing any such schedules or pre-

....:.. -$}; 'F;' TERMS O"'SuBSOB.IriIOX. and shaft make reasonable, "and just passengers, and cars on railroad or i scribing any such rules or regulations,

.;.,; Ilk..,..-".."'i, ,-:;:;' r, :Forbnt, Yea': ...........'...oJ.!.,......-co............teooW9t regulations for the observance, of the railroads, and for road or roads under shall give public notice of their intended
.',:. ." .. :.i:* ; 4'.-,- BBC Mofltlu...... ........r......., u_ LOG same, as to charges ,at any and all .its control! or management, and such action in such newspapers and

::.<---i-. ',-": 'XaForeignCountries.- ......................3.00 points for the necessary handling and schedules shall in all suits brought for such time as shall be deemed fair

'. .- ..", = ,SfBubecriptiona in all .caae cash in ,. delivery of all kinds of freight and against any railroad corporation, and advisable by said commissionersto
::<0'", .cbance. No dieoount allowed.on one's transportation of passengers, and for wherein is involved the rates of any all railroad corporations to be affected -

: :,?':'., :.ownBubecription(except in a club)1,bat to the prevention of any unjust discrim- such railroad corporation for the trans and to.the public generally, of

", ?t.r'. all agents a liberal cash commission will ination in connection therewith; shall portation of freight of anydescription, the times and places of their meetings;
.be allowed all obtainedby
.; on subscription make reasonable and rates of and all railroad and
j just corporations
;', ,,;-, them. Write for terms. or ..charges for the transportation or per-
: i, :
-,, <'- ''--*_< -.' To every subscriber new or old,remitting charges for the'use and transportationof use of any kind of car upon the tracksof sons interested shall be entitled to a

'i-' ':; f..' OB $3.00, we will send the paper one all kinds of railroad cars, conveyingall any railroad: any,of the branches just and fair hearing before said com

..".... ;;;'- year .and a copy of 'Rolfs' Vegetable kinds of freight to and from any thereof, or for the transportation of missioners ; and whenever any full

.;,,,,. .'";i. ... ,Growing In the South for Northern o and all points in this State; shall have any passenger or passengers, or, for any schedule shall have been made

,.'" 'f'tr,.: ',"': .Markets post-paid.at |2.00, each For,two. we will new send subscribers the power to make reasonable and just unjust..discrimination in relation' thereto changed revised, adopted or allowed,

; t ; poetpaIdr a copy of Moore's "Orange joint rates .for all connecting railroads be deemed and taken in all courts or any rule or regulation prescribed as

".',.. "'"!:,-;..' ; Culture., ;! doing business in this State, as to all of this State as prima facie evidence aforesaid the commissioners shall, in
'b,'',' .':,;:' Bates- of advertising on4LPplic tion. traffic or business passing from one of that the rates fixed in said scheduleare every instance give the date on which

'.__ 's tRemittances; should be made'by check, said.railroads another, and to re just and reasonable rates of chargesfor the same, shall go into effect. Provided
Ir v:: quire the establishing of such freightand the of that said date shall not be less
:' ;: 1DOItalnote., money. order or registered transportation freight, cars,
.7'?', '{ 'A'<.. fetter to order.ofass passenger depots as conditions and passengers upon the railroad;,and than thirty days from the time of the

,:,, ....iJ :axe JTMUIT, GROWER, of the road, safety and convenienceof said Commissioners shall, as often as making,. changing or revising of the

.'" -.:;,;;. '. t!':.'Y Jacksonville, Fla. passengers and prompt delivery of circumstances may require, change schedule. ,

;::: .:..;.::\af:'. Chas.W.D.CostaBusiness.. Manager.Moore's freight and most, convenient transferof and revise any schedule or schedulesand .

t.-;: : ",,; and freight, justify, Florida Horticulturists on the Government ,
passengers may furnish all railroad companies doing
: .... .. ....
;i 0 Orange Culture.t 81 00Bolfs'
". ,.; "t- ..:;. t..: '' Vegetable Growing in ,the and {or. the establishing 'of such business in this State with a copy Seed Distribution.At .
: ',' -,:"":;.':'(f',.",'.,;::, I South for Northern Markets.... 1 25 schedules for the arrival and departureof of such changes and revisions, which
.: : all trains such its late meeting in Orlando, the
-j'. -;,':" at _depots as publiccomfort said schedules as changed and revised State Horticultural itself
CONTENTS. Society placed -
; : ] I and convenience may require; shall contain due notice of the time
'2'.-<.' =' .. f.':".' '_,;:,', ,.* 'Using'' MuckLands| >......................._........ .306 and shall have power to regulate inter- the same shall go'into effect; shall be unmistakably on record in the
,::f! :L:,j change of traffic between railroads, in of adoption of the following resolutions,

r-'. :0 1.> SOCIETYDleuesof'' .; : 307 also to regulate the charges for storage, published eral State circulation some newspaper for four consec-gen- offered by C. A. Bacon :

: ': -f-. jWaronfecale Insects; Grape Culture;;; legislation wharfage, demurrage and terminal utive weeks copies of such publication WHEREAS, The execution of the law
}!:: : .::j. .Against Fruit Pests;. Strawberry providing for the distribution of rare
:.i J.;:. "c,.-<- 'fo.-+ '" Culture.- ....tM't.**....*.........*.... 308 facilities; and to regulate and direct ,mailed to the operators or lessees ,ol seeds, plants and trees by the departmentof
', -r" ,.: ,-, ; Developing New Varieties;Fighting Insects" the use and charges for use of refrigerator all railroads this State affected by agriculture of the United States has

,, ., ,. <,.,'. ,' ,,;:"-.", ,'., With Fungus; Restoring Orange Trees; cars, icing, etc., in transit, and I the said.schedules and to the office ot been perverted from the original intent
''.... w,:.....P--... ...::' .>. Foot, Rot;Nomenclature Committee'Re. to direct and control all other matters said Commissioners with of the law therefore be it
-'-;_"", -'. :':;.q.""_i.:' port.- ......,...: ........... ......nn...... 309 pertaining to railroads that shall be certificate of "the together thereof a RESOLVED, By the'Florida State Horti-
', :_:: :; GROW AND OKCHA&D-Fig Culture In the publisher cultural Society:, as representing the
:;-, ,." ;:'.:'' 4p. Gulf States. No .2........... .............. 310 for the good of the public. which proof of said notice shall.be horticultural and agricultural interests of

..-...'?....., The Centennial Orange Tree; Camphor Culture Provided, however, That before applying deemed and taken in all courts of this the State that we condemn the present

., -.".\.: ;.or:;!i In Florida_ ............*._..............-.....311 joint rates to roads not under State as prima facie evidence that am- practice general free distribution of
'" ..:'tf-; .a. ova Rum Hoiut-A letter;:Strawberry joint. management and control, the ple and sufficient notice that such the common varieties of vegetable and
';",:;.- Recpes: ;Wise Counsel to Mothers... .. 312House commissioners shall give thirty days flower seeds as now conducted by the
schedules changes and revisions have ,.
: '. < ; J' .' ', Furnishing; dome Demands; Hon. agricultural department.
:: :.: ;; """ > ''James.Wilson, Secre'ary Horticulture; notice to the owners, operators or been furnished in compliance with the Resolved, That our representatives in
.. ,; -,,; :I--'.. f' Good Seed....... .' 313 lessors of said road of the joint rate provisions of this act Congress be requested to use their effortsto

.-S,'. '. ..,.Zcrroiw/-The. Railroad Commission Bill; contemplated of its division of the have the appropriations now made for
,.;,; <'. : Queries and Replies;Florida Agriculturists same, and give hearing to roads desiring STATIONS AND SCHEDULES. this purpose applied to the scientific

.:" .::.'. .. .- on Government Sc ed Distribution.. 314 to object to such rates, and shall Said commissioners shall furnish to work of the agricultural department in
: ;.: ;$:: Markets; Pineapple Report; Potash;Tennes 'and all of said railroad corporations notice investigation of diseases and insect ene
;::- T-. :,=ieeCentenn1&1 at Nashville...... ........ 315 make just and reasonable .niles mies of plants grown for commercial purposes
;: ,'" ':;" :'.' TOBACCO-Valuable Experiments on Fertilizing regulations for the observance of all for the building of such freight and throughout the UnitedStates

<:;'.:,..... "?:.i>..:.. Tobacco. ; 'Value of the Harrow in railroad companies operating said roadto passenger depots and of such changesof knowing that appropriations thus appliedwould
w t1.. ,: ?.-$: "*1 Dry Seasons.: ............................. 316 prevent the giving or paying of any schedules for the arrival and departure redound to the benefit of the hor-

:. ,-,, ,' >:. "'. _: .Gilt. Sdge Butter. in Florida..............:.. 316 bonus or rebate or devices of any description of trains on said roads as may, in ticultural and agricultural interests of the
........... country. AlsoResolved
... : / Citrus tlSh1ppedrromLargo. 318 the of the commissioners be
;- c }':i' .. ..', .Nuggets.......... ,...........,.....s... ....... 3W used by said company, direct- judgment : That the secretary be instructed -
-,: '. "' ,.j ly or indirectly, for the purpose of deceiving required to secure reasonably close to forward a copy of these resolutions

;.;'..: : The Railroad Commission Bill. or misleading the public as connection for the convenience and to each of our representatives in
:' to the actual rates charged ; provided, comfort of the public, and all courts the House and Senate, and to the Hon.
i: : ;.t'. An unabridged official copy of this that the said commissioners shall have m this State shall only require proof James Wilson Secretary. of Agriculture.

.; } -:.4'- bill, as it passed the legislature And the'power to create rating or basing that such notices were duly served. ',. .
',,'1' :Tbecame: law without the
May 7th, points at places where competing lines Said commissioners, in revising, fix- Queries and Replies.

'. r Governor's signature lies before,us. ,of railroads meet, and 'to break the ing, allowing or adopting any sched-- BEARING PECAN GROVE ETC.-I.
!. .
It directs the Governor
,. to appoint
ule of rates for freights or cars shall
continuity of rates to and from such Be kind enough to give informa
{;;: : three commissioners "of whom one any
points so as to maintain competition not discriminate unreasonably or unjustly -
tion the
'"< : : I you can as to advisability oi
: : 'I :. : shall be learned in law, and one: of rival in favor of one class of
between roads. any
,;;. ';::/( in the railway business and cultivating a bearing pecan grove. Do
__ ., experience
Section directs the commission to freight. to the detriment of other
in Florida who
7 know has
:: { :{?\ the other shall .be engaged in agricultural you any one
investigate interstate rates and when classes of freight. The railroad com
: one ? How: do you tell when the nuts
-- .:.' : :r:": j.: pursuits. Their successors, jinds that a through rate is "exces- panies so affected shall furnish at their are ripe, and how do you gather them? F
; r.'f' .: however, are to be elected by the peo- cost and shall in conspicuous -
sive.or unreasonable or discriminatingin own put
'.. : < f pie at the State election in I8 ,8, without 2.--Will it hurt a horse to graze on
the schedules rate-sheets
.its nature, the commission shall places, ,
,':.,. regard to vocations. call the ;attention of the railroad officials etc., adopted by the commissioners, cow-peas ?
IY ;-'Y:' Section 4 includes steamboat lines to the rules and regulationsmade J. D. RUSSELL,
to the fact and them according ..
; \; operated by any railroad within the said commissioners.All Gainesville Fla.
the of such by
propriety changing rates.
-;/ State, and sections includes' express, Then : "Whenever such are not the rules and regulations made I-Experienced growers do not:advise -

,t t ;i :. companies, but excludes street railjoadi l- changed accordingly to the suggestion and prescribed by said commissioners I cultivating: bearing grove. If

# ,-".'.,.: "f1--,''. : of the Railroad Commission will for the transportation of persons and i you do, cultivate very lightly andplant
_ : T', "' The vital'sections.o'f the _act are the the railroads subject to "no on
->=- Y l I be the duty of the commission to appeal property on crops except narrow stripsin
''-. ';?#- ;. sixth;seventh and, eighth. Section 6prescribes I to the Interstate Commerce Commission -' the provisions of this act, or to pre- the middies Hoe or mow down

...- ,. ,, .' ..,-:' : as follows : for reliefv vent 'unjust discrimination or other the weeds and throw them under the
"' ._' ? t ;':, DUTIES.OF THE .BOARD. Sec_tion 8 reads as follows : abuses by them, shall be deemed and trees. When the nuts are ripe they

; : s -'S :'=;(;,; : That said commissioners shall make RATES TO BE PRESCRIBED. held to be prima facie' reasonable and will fall of their own accord, by degrees -

:: reasonable and of said Commissioners shall make and are made prima facie evi- Arthur Brown Bagdad Fla.
.. .... ,.\ just rates freight That just, ,. .. ,
'. :.. "" -,-. ',. .
.... (; ;;; -
.-JE-- .f:>,.'.'. > "' .-- ; "- I /0.'
0 r :' :: .

.." .
... } ,. ". .'. :" >/ ,'i.. .4 :

:- .
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x s.i ; : 'J' .;,..,:i.. """" :"""' ;
..1 .. .... j. "F, 't'1 ..:- "" ; "T> -
"' "
J.r'..'...,,. ..,> '_.., .; '- -E "" '4'" .. ; '.:.: .,... $<- ... ..... ..,.,. "",,._ -,{;JI..:.,... _. 7' .,.. .j ;.....
.. '' ''- .
'' .' .-' -. : -" ,, ...:r, "_ ..S., -i!" .L_... s.! F ;'t, -... .
15 'j. f!' JO .R -. 1 '" .
"' ; .. "
:, '.'. ,trt r l i .:..-,.
";r :t's ::3'' ; 3..yy''f .'U! .,7"- x "".o "- ; .. ,. "
: '
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; } I>' '

((1f.. "7}. .: ... : THB FLORIDA, ;PAKM2R' ; AND :FBUIT-GBOWEB. :::315: .
!: += < ..' .

::!:II';; ... -- ..."., _. .".- .' -- -- ',--

4, ; 'I 1 jiasF!; an old .bearing.,'groy ., ,Write muda< :35J721; 'pkgs"onions and 817,various, ri ,'

f- '- him enclosing l stamp. There was: 'an effort to.raise-the price ofsouthern

:. : .cabbages little 'today but it
} :' 2.";;" No, not if judiciously: done. It was not very successful. Some of the FIRST NATIONAL HANK OF'FLORIDA i

: "" .. 'f :1 ,might give him colic if you, ride or. very finest Charleston large was placedup :

!,- work him bard.: > If you do, take him to 1.50,,but the market for usual offerings ,, ,
I ....off,,the cow.peas, tweWy-four. hours I was generally 1.25 with some ordinary .J4-CKSONVIL LE. .
I ,
-r .::\::/beforehand,.and give him dry feed. ; receipts lots going sold at at 1@1.25 1@1.12,;and North Norfolk Carolina '. The Oldest National. Bank in the Stajte. .

--fi'<: :HONEY ranged from 75c125 with little "
r PRODUCTION.-Please Inform very CHAB.EB.ED,1874.
business the outside figure. Florida EXTENDED, 1894.v
y. me- through your paper what cucumbers are in good demand and firm By conservative;yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for ,
.' part of your'State is best for the pro. strength and ability I to meet aU legitimate demands. solidity
er. String beans are somewhat lower forwas
We buy and !sell foreign and domestic:exchange on the mOl!ta\'OrabIe .
;.. "'auction'of honey. Also-what princi- under larger supplies, but green .drafts on all parts of the world.: terms, drawing our own ; _

.. .pal plants :it is gathered from.. beans are well sustained when of choice favors We shall invite at a all visit times or correspondence receive intelligent,looking and careful toward attention business relations, assuring'you that youi. ,"

}; : ].. T. HAMMERSMARK, quality. There is a wide difference in
Ill the quality of.the stock arriving, and in- JAMES M. SCHUMACHER __ R. C. COOLEY .
Chicago .
_ ferior qualities have to go comparatively President.

A very good honey section is on the low. Florida tomatoes are.in large sup Safe Deposit Boxes Cashier. "

..._ ,Hillsborough ever, about New Smyr- ply and easier; an occasional lot of extra For Rent. .

_.A na and Hawks Park; The black fine is placed at 2.25, but the general ,
sales are at 1. 0@2 and few receivers
: : re- '
and EugciM B .
palmetto RcdJMt
+ mangrove, orange many port any business above the latter price
other trees and shrubs furnish honey. Bermuda onions held at 2.25.. but value QUICK WORK; ESTABLISHED itjl.REDF1ELD .

h Write W.J5., Hart, Hawks Park, ,Fla. nominal as yet. & SON,

4 Potatoes-Receipts today, 9,675 barrels In selling and paying for Fruits and Vegetables ,
"- -' GUAVA WINE..-:Mr. Charles' Sell- domestic, including 1,846 barrels GIVE GOODS shipped SENT to us US is our BY GROWERS Commission Merchants :

Z: ,.;ner, ot f Zellwood, Fla, writes to know southern new; Arrivals of southern new FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER -AKD- ... .
potltoes1U'e'moderate and there i i4 a fair BUY OURSn V1S.!; They are protectedby
'' the of making wine from ; :
: process
: gua- 'J vas.. Can any! of subscribers inform a dollar. Enquire as to.our standingand
today was better grown'and better cured financial '
which '
stability bank
any or 141 Dock Street,
Philadelphia, Pa.
; : "x him ? ;
a . and 5.00 was obtained for some of the c> merchants having mercantile reports can
: /1' finest marks, although lower prices had verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OURMETHOD We Handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables; "- "
WILL SATISFY YOU. Send either at private sale which
( has heretofore been
; to be accepted on.a considerable part of your name for our quotations. Stencil and .
; : flarkets.M the"supply Floridas are moving fairly cards free. Letters piomptly answered. our added custom) or by the auction system (recently ; .
to our business)as desire.
you may
well at 4.00 to 5.00 per barrel for strictly
<' - - fancy and 2.00to 3.00 for thirds to seends.2BermudahNo. FRENCH & CO., "

e' JACKSONVILLE, FLA., May 7, .1897. 1, 4.50 to 6.00.No. 116 Warren St., New York. TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL AT ,

;.: FRUITS AND PRODUCE. ; and Savannah,
Corrected by Marx Bros. new, prime; 3.50 to 5.00; Florida, new, ESTABLISHED 1855. NASHVILLE, MAY i, TO .

These are average quotations. Extra choke: No., 3.50 to ]5.00) per barrel crate, 3.00 '
t' lots fetch prices: above top quotations,while poor to 4.00. # OCTOBER.31.
lots leU lower. -
Apples ...............!,...........bbl 3.50 Cabbages, Sav.1 and Ch'n., large bbl The ,building and grounds of the
t Pines (wanted) .....'..,... # crate -2.00102.50 crate 125@150; cucumbers, Florida, per
l,. ,Lemons, Messina ............. box 3.00 basket 1752.50 fancy .crate 2 to for all the uses required by the farmer Tennessee Centennial, in numbers and
KnglUh Peudried,...............bu 1.25 ; ;:per and fruit-grower. His goods are from
K_ Peanatabestbrand...... ......... .04 to. .05 2.25; poor to good! 1. to 1.75; egg plants standard houses whose architectural beauty, surpass Atlanta's,
k '.., Cabbage.Florida...."." .""..."" in demand Florida, ,per half bbl.; box, 1.50 to 2.50; name on a pack- .
'! Potatoes,Burbank........ ........bbl ISo; string beans, Charleston wax beans, age is the highest guarantee. and nearly equal Chicago's. The exhibits -
11 ..... ....... barrel lots -- '
", ......t.......5......; sack 1.25 1.40 per basket, 1.50 to 2.50, green; 1.75 MM : are all ready, and are interesting -
,- fa ...............5 sack lots 1.20 to 2.00j; Sayannah'wax,1.50 to 2.25; Fla.
_\-OnloD'ta Fla.u""...... ..... crate 1.25101.50 round wax, 1.50 to 2.25; flat wax, 1.50 to Pineapple Report. and instructive. The live stock
," .............
,-'f brown eye- ,.............bushel,.... 1.50 2.00;; flat wax? per crate, 1.25 to 1.75. ; JACKSONVILLE, May 13.-We ae now display excels any exhibition of the
., ''f'' clay ............ ...... ......bu 1.35 1.50 green 1.00. to 1.50; per crate, 75c. to 1.25; shipping from two and a half to three kind made. .-
; 11 Whippoorwill..bu 1.50 squash, Fla. white per.bbl crate, 2.00 to2.WyelIow cars of pines per day. Shipments stead- ever
: s* ..... .......
\Boi.BedKlppers.:......- ,................doz bu 1.50.12 ; ,. 1.50 to 2.00; tomatoes.Fla.,' ily increasing. Fruit carrying well. .i The Midway is great. -
best arriving, carrier, 2.00; poor to fair, Weather on the east coast satisfactory; The "V stern'and Atlantic Railroad 0
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. 1.25 to 1.75. if anything there has been a little too ,

-s$ Corrected by Davis & Robinson FRENCH & Co. much rain in some quarters. Only] about and the Nashville; Chattanooga and

Yellow Yam., .,.,........_......bu.h 40 12,000 barrels Havana pines received in
Sweet ... ....; ,\........ .40 .! New York last week. St. Louis Railway, run solid vestibule
., Hubbard squash ................bbl -
....... ..... dos 1.50 Pittsburg :Market. E. P. POBCHEB, trains with Pullman's finest sleeping -
CturyttFlorida......... ......_. to General Agent.
Eggplants...........*_....... .bbl .IS 150102.50.25 Cucumbers, Louisiana, dozen, 25c; cars, from Atlanta to Nashville.Do .
s Tomatoes, ...._..............crates 1.25101.50 Southern bushel, 2.50; tomatoes, extra -- 4 .r ---
Sweet Peppers ................ .bu 1.50101.75 fancy 3.00, extra choice, 2.50 ordinary not be imposed upon, but be-:
1 Green ......,..... ; Potash.A .
Beans. crate to beets
x.oo that
pumpkins, ..........-.;...uN..,..each soo.05 to ..10Xenhawa 2.25; Southern, < oz. bunches, 60c; sure your ticket reads by The j
Y_ .... ..... .........each .03to .10 beans, ..wax, extra fancy, bushel, 1.75; few facts about potash. On soilslong WESTERN AND ATLANTIC/*>:
.r l-a Parsley, ..........per dose bunches no demand green and wax, ordinary, 1.00; cabbage, in cultivation that are not in in-

Pepper Green onions.per,hot..._.......dos.......bunches bushel .1510 '.75.25 best Charleston, crate 2.25; Mobile, 2.75; clined to clay, the mineral element most AND THE NASHVILLE, CHATTANOOGA '.

r Sage. ,well cured,..............._..lb ..2Hens. Mississippi, 2.50; Norfolk, 1.50; Baltimore likely to be needed is potash. The greater AND ST. LOUIS R'Y. '
., ...,_,..-.. ...<>......._.... 25 to 30 crates, '2.00; potatoes, Southern,' part of this substance that is voided .:
.... ...._.. .._......... between Atlanta -
.Roosters. : .20 Rose, 5.00 white 4.00 Chili 5.00 by animals is found in the urine. For example and'Nashville. -:. .
; ; ,
t $, r Half-grown...._._...........:. .2 -
Turkeys,.,,......'_ pound,gross .J22 SOMEBS BBO. &Co. the urine of the horse contains 1.35 For sleeping car berths, or any i information -.,---:
Ducks.-: : ....._......._....... .25 to .30 per cent of potash, while the solids contain :
M- & Geese. ....,..-...................... 35.to .40 only ::35 per cent. Cattle urine con- about rates, hotel or boarding ,:: 5f
Leeks .......:...per doz bunches. Buffalo Market.
bdllhcs ................n.perdoz demand.25 / tains five times as much potash as the house accommodations in Nashville -' _
Cucumbers,...... ......:....... .bbl. 1.50 Florida potatoes, 5.00 to 6.OONo.2;: soldid manure. Sheep unne,is richest '
.Spinach, ..i..............per bushel .75 2.50 to 3.50 Bermuda onions all i in potash. Comparatively small quantities call upon or write to **- .
I ...... ; per crate, "
Cabbage. Florida ...... ..... z.potoi.25 ''
z, Salsify, ..........per dozen bunches .25 2.50 to 2.60; cabbage, common, 1.25 {to of potash are brought to the farmin C. E. BARMAN, _. *. ,
ulinQwer...,......._......perbbl 3.00 1.50; New South, per crate, 1.75 to 2.25; purchased gram. Wheat bran and :
.. OIl Green peas. .....' ..;.....:... crate 75 to u Southern cucumbers .25c to 40c Florida malt sprouts are richer in potash than General Passenger Agt., Atlanta, Ga. *.k:
.. ...... ;
Turnips ; : bunch no demand with SPECIAL N TICE.-The .
p '1loridaHoney.r...pound section ,10 cucumbers, per crate, 2.00jto 3.00; Tomatoes any other,grains, meal round"trip' ;>
New Potatoes..................barrel 2.SO to 3.006trawbetrle Florida, 2.50 to 3.00; Wax beans, and linseed next. Of ,the whole grains rates to Nashville are cheaper than, -, 0
\ ...,. ............ quart ,os to .10 per.bor, fancy, 1.50 to 2.00; Green beans oats contain most of this substance. Here, staying at home. .. ;
.. ... .. ._ jf
,Asparagus ... .,.... .bunco 10 tq 12#
three facts Potash is
'Squash.. *.......................crate .50 to .7 5 per case, fancy, 1.75 to 2.00' ; Egg plant, then, are : lacking '..
.: dozen 1.25 to 1.50. in most light soils. We buy only small
,* BATTEESON & Co. quantities of it in grain and other feed Mr. J. S. Park .is busy getting his-: -

*f -, New York Market. -*-.-. stufife. The potash in, manure is found factory in shape for canning pine- *'_ .

? NEW YORK, May 10th, 1897. Business Notices mostly in the urine, where it is most apples. Additional machinery 'is be ..
likely to be lost by leaching or
.. drainage
Vegetables PINEAPPLE PLANTS.- None of our readers These facts certainly show the necessityof ing added to increase the capacity

';$,? Receipts today by Penn. R. R. at pier who desire them need lackfor good demanding a high per cent of potashin and completeness of the plant. Among

t. i 29-3881 pkgs. cabbages, 248 pkgs. beans, pineapple plants.! In addition to the ourtertilizers. We find large quanti- other things Mr. Park will import-

A'!. ; 2,150 pkgs. peas1.176-1 pkgs. tomatoes, 1- others, we present this week a new advertisement ties of phosphate rock and fish or cotton- something like a baker's dozen of girls .
: 663 pkga cucumbers, 170 boxes asparagus from the pioneer grower of seed meal with enough kainit added to
work in
r\ -,:.; and 6G2 pkgs. various. By.B.& O. R. R.: fancy (covered) pines, Geo.' I. Russell, of give two per cent of potash, sold in the to the business. Jensen item
... ,, 144, pkgs.. beans and 57'pkgs. cabbages. Orlando, Fla. We have seen his plants, South for cotton fertilizers. No wonder in Indian River Advocate. .

,:+,; !' :rBy Old Dominion line, 15 pkgs. radishes, they are fine.AaKICULTURAL. the soils'on'which this mixture has been Six thousand dollars: was paid out ',;-

f -1195 pkgs,cabbages,. 696 pkgs. peas, 206 CHEMICALS.-Mr. R. used year after year will not grow clover for tomatoes on the wharves last Saturday ., 'f: .,
r .' pkgs asparagus, 36 pkgs lettuce: and 22 J..Martinez, successor to -Mr. J. C.L'En- Potash I Potash I! POTASH!III I Don' ::.'-
J ? pkgs varous. ;By Savannah steamer: 331 gle, probably the oldest and most extensive ii- use a fertilize with less -than four-percent ," and stufi'worlh as much more,-/ .

'ri..bbl.. crates and 4476 crates and, boxes of> druggist in Jacksonville offers our of it unless you know that your soil went norh| on co1 consignment-: { .: : '

y e- Southern/vegetables. ,Imports from Bi erreaders, a full line of chemicals adapted does not need it. tee River Journal.. :./. f". .
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..: _*..x ,..,'-_.. HM IXOSIBA) : PAKMBS AND OTJIWBOWBR. MAY 16, ./
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T= :.n ,a Tobacco.- castpr pomace,|has, on the average of too late to be partially settled by rains

.. four years' crops, been of better qual- between the time of bedding and plant' .
.-< : -: ity than that from plots with smaller ing and much seed will doubtless 'be

.,1... -, Valuable. Experiments ing Tobacco..in" Pertiliz-- amounts of fertilizer-nitrogen. planted on soil 'so loose as to be extremely -

.. % '3. "The average yield of tobacco, ,: dry and even cloddy and open.
We have taken/ eat guns.:during as*well as' the yield of wrapper leaves, In such cases the slight compacting

o. the past two ears to present our readerswith was decidedly larger on Plot J. which action of a harrow with standing teethis
if intelligent view of the received part of its nitrogen in. a sin- beneficial. It tends to check evap- Li-N E R

progress and results of. the very care- gle application of nitrate of soda after oration, which is very rapid not onlyin

1ul.experimentsthat. have been conducted the crop was-nearly half grown, thanon crusted soils but also in soils whichare .

R" at Poquonock by the Connecticut : either of the other plots ; the in- extremely loose as deep as the
experiment Begun inv dividual leaves were no heavier, nor turn plow has entered. A still better

v j.. : 1892- the five years tests were concluded was there any perceptible differencein preparation for such soils would be to Shortest Quickest Host Attractive
with the
1896 crop Further fire-holding capacity. The qualityof use the roller and then follow with the .r

.t. ., tests to illumine or settle disputed the wrapper leaf must determine harrow. However this is scarcely :RO.UT ] -

} '.points in culture will be made, and whether the practice is a profitable : practicable in a season when farm BETWEEN
much ,work is planned find out all FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
i one. The indications are that ,the work is already far behind. The roll.
0 about the good and bad points of the .. THE .4n,
quality of the crops, where nitrate of ing or harrowing should follow close
various methods of curing and sweating Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
soda was applied after the plants were upon plowing,preferably the same day,
'.f tobacco. The scientific work has partially grown was inferior to that of because while still moist the clods THROUGH ROUTES. J
w, :been under the immediate supervision Plot H. to which no nitrate was ad- crumble most easily.
ofDr., E. H:, Jenkins, vicedirectort ded. New York to Jacksonville by
Again, cotton planted on high bedsis New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington -
Connecticut experiment station, who The ,average quality of tobacco more apt to suffer from drought than and 1' Southern Railway to
Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
has the. The document
reports. -
raised on cottonseed meal has been that grown on low ridges. We have Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
r covering the work of 1896, will somewhat better-than that of tobacco found the harrow run obliquely acrpss points in Florida.
be ready for. mailing in about two Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati
?* grown on castor pomace. But the the rows an excellent means ot flatten- tion by Queen &; Crescent, f;
4 weeks, and will be duly received by pomace gives a larger yield by an ing the beds on which cotton is to be 1 Harriman Junction to Ashe-
Asheville & vile and Columbia by Southern -
all who are on the station's mailing
4- average for the five years of in lbs planted.* Railway, and Florida
list., From advance proof sheets, per acre, the difference in wrappers :Much might also be said in favor of Jacksonville bia Central&PeninsularColumJ to Jacksonville.;

t,* 'American Agriculturist t is able to give being 25 pounds per acre. Nitrogenin the smoothing harrow as an implementof Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
,the'results in time to be' of use, to Cincinnati & Crescent to Chattanooga. ,
pomace has cost 4c per pound more cultivation in the early growth of Queen ; -
and Southern R'y to Ever-
"..,. tobacco growers spring than in meal, so that at the same pricei2 the corn plant.-J. F. Duggar, Alabama Florida}'ette,Florida Central &; Penin-
r The final results of the Limited. sular to all important Florida
,after fermentation are given 95 in crop the I It ( *c per pound) for both crops, the Experiment Station. points. ,
pomace shows $5.50 per acre more Kansas City, Fort Scott &
table which we shall print next week profit than the meal. But the improved >Kansas and City Memphis 11.It to Kansas
shows Gilt-edged Butter in Florida.A }to Birmingham Southern H'jrto
of fine
high yields Jackso'vllleThro
very qualIty -
4 quality of leaf grown on meal Line Everette Fla. Central &
on certain special formulas and will usually offset this gain.: American Contributor to the Louisville Peninsular to all Fla. points.St. .
.. tobacco fertilizers, and especially Home and Farm, writing of a noted Louis to Jacksonville by
Agriculturist would advise the Cairo Short Line toDuOuoin.
:Mapes tobacco, manure, wrapper use of cottonseed meal or linseed dairy near DeLand, Florida; says it is Holly Sp'gg I Illinois Central to Holly Bp'gs,
,brand The yield of the 96 crop is owned and has been made what it is ", Route. r Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham -
meal in preference to castor pomace to Birmingham,Sou. It
given in great detail, but we await the even at the same price. by the inventor or owner of .Mann's J U'yto Everette and F. C.&f. '
1 figures for: the after sweating. : Boudoir Palace Car, that gentleman ; Sioux: City&; Chicago to Jack
Three years tests show that linseed so v1lle. Ill. Cent. to Holly
R.-i: .-. Then"the lesson, of ,the whole fiveyears' .meal supplying the same quantity of being a retired English officer. Holly I.ou t Sp'gi e. }Sp'gg K., C. M. & B. to Binmingliam .
Sou. to Ever-
work be Evidently that business has K'y
deduced. dairy
can fully But
,nitrogen per acre produces about 100 ette and the F. o. do P.
.x Jenkins has already arrived at the following pounds less than cottonseed been gone about in the right manner. Louis'ille & N Q.Sh. 'tlle to Rive <<'
s 9r ; per acre New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P.
All only
l conclusions through the the made
= : year, plans
!meal and 240 pounds less than castor To 1 route with through sleepers
"- i., "The use;of.210 pounds of fer pomace, but the quality of leaf raised insure that there is green feed, and so JackWville Jacksonville.The between New. Orleans and % S
,-til r-nitrogen acre either in form always there is, as a consequence
per ,
onjinseed was superior.-American F. C. & P. has TOO miles of track in '-
;- 'of,castor pomace or cottonseed meal, also the rich yellow color and the delicious Florida running through the .
..." : 'has Agriculturist. I flavor that butter to be of the Tobacco Regions, ? .
given of
a larger crop tobacco .. Stock Fanning and Dairy Section, ;.
annually for five years than either: 105 best, must have. The pasture is of Peach and Strawberry Lands,
%_ i: 4 : or74': pounds of fertilizer-nitrogen.: The Valuo ..of the Harrow in Dry Bermuda grass. The other green feed Orange Phosphate, Banana Belt.and-Pineapple fountty,

,. ir-' This'gam has, been in wrapper leaf Seasons. furnished is from rye and winter oats. Hal the Other Silver Fine Spring Scenery and

-' ,altogether;j. the' more" uable part,'of I If-it is true that an excess of rainingone The product from seed elsewhere The Great Hunting Country. .

'the crop., The percentage of wrapper season indicates a deficiency of grown is not as good as 'from that Has Reaches the best the lands Noted for Fishing tillage, greatest Ground variety *. .

,l leaf in the. crop was 68 when 210 rain in the next, we have reason to expect grown at ho.ne. The oats must be the of soils in the State,and.above all

'" ..,,:'; pounds) of'fertilizer-nitrogen were used, much dry weather just ahead.. Ina Southern Red Rust proof Winter Oat. Runs Where over It Is the High Central and Healthy.Rldgeland

"' 63 and'61 when smaller quantities of dry season the smoothing or tooth The more concentrated feed, whichis Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
,fertilizer-nitrogen were applied. Where harrow, which is always needed on variously derived from the different the best freight facilities for any produce to

aio pounds of fertilizer-mtrogen were the farm, becomes an implement of the grains or seeds, is of the sorts usually the Send Northern also'forthe markets.best map of Florida (sent

,., used,- the pole-cured wrapper leaves first importance employed in feeding for superior but- free) and note the.0.towns MAODONELLG.P.A on its route.A. .

-were very slightly heavier ((60 long Its use between the time of break- ter.The Jacksonville fa.

wrapper leaves, 85 short wrapper ing the land and the coming up of the home demand for that DeLand #

.. .1 leaves to the pound) than those raised crop, and even later with corn, affords butter is ahead of the supply, so that The,Fla. Cent. Peninsular R.R;

.. ;.with, smaller amounts of fertilizer- the most economical method of pre: the price has gradually: been. advanced

;'S .nitrogen) ((63 long wrappers,- 87 short venting the too rapid evaporation of until by latest advices it readily Offers to ShippersThe

'.' ; wrappers,per pound). The difference water from the soil. Time spent In enough brings fifty cents per pound.In Shortest and -Quickest Route
,in fire-l holding capacity was too slight breaking the crust is well spent before this is a' sign of its high quality.All BETWEEN *

to' Have significance. the seed is up, as ,well as during this. the best appliances are in use in FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

2,. "The plot having 210 pounds of growth of the crop. its making, including a cream separator. THE EAST AND WEST. '

,* nitrogen in form of cottonseed meal ;A deficient stand in periods of The cattle are genuine Jerseys. With Improved Ventilated Cars this com
is better equipped than ever ever to
,produced 224 pounds more of crop drought is frequently due to the pres. handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and

fr than the one having 105 pounds of ence of a crust which causes moistureto Prof. J. W. ,Williamson, of Clear- insure all Eastern close connections and Western and Markets.prompt despatchto .

." nitrogen. At i2c per.. pound, this evaporate so rapidly from the land water, was in the city yesterday. He Through, oars to destination with
gain'amounts' to $28.06 per acre. The that not enough is left to allow the says that beautiful town is having a out change or delay.
,. increased amount of fertilizer seed Perishable freight followed by wire and
1500 sprout. building boom this year and that$30- shippers advised time passing various junction -
i"porindsat.$25; per, ton! ,costs $18.75, The use of the smoothing harrow 000 contracts are out for residences al points and arrival at destination.
so'that it has paid to use the larger checks.evaporation from the soil packed ready. On Thursday Capt. Scott, of AU adjusted.claims for overcharges and loss promptly -

quantity of fertilizer-'provided the by rain since breaking and thus Atlanta, let the contract for a $10,000 See that your goods are marked
S 'quality of the leaf was not damaged crusted, and it is of benefit in retain-! residence to J. H. Drew, and lumber via F. C. & P. R. R. .

i: S, by jt. The quality of the 1896 crop ing water for the seed and young and other material are being placed on For information: call on or address the undersigned -

"cannot be determined till the fall of plant just in the same way that cultivation the ground. We congratulate our sis- C. B. TAYLOR Trav.A''gt.0ca1a.Fla.
W. B. TUCKER Gen.A' ,Orlando, Fla.
1" 1897, .but-the tobacco from plots having of growing crops is beneficial. ter,city on the West Coast and hope O.K.HOLDEN,Trav. A?gt, Leesburg, Fl*
tthe largest quantity of With farm work W. R. FULLER Trav. A' t.T
fertilizer-j delayed by rains, her shadow may never' ... grow less.- Or N.B. PENNINGTON,Traffic Manager, ,
'nitrogen: whether cottonseed much land will be bedded this year Tampa Tribune. Jacksonville
.. ji.-' I r W ,H. PLEASANT3, General Trelfht Aftr i
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L 'BEFO. E YOU PTJRCJ4PZE. < :,I. for SCHOOL.. BOOKS.. .:.- t--.-:- .. 4
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THEY. are SOLE .Agents S-fQt Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver. : g.ri :

i '.t. t. .' the Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations. or Wedding Announce- ...=.' I
L 1 Yf: ments', write,to us for samples and prices.- ', f :' ,
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-- THE FLOBIDA ,p 1iY1m..AND.FRtJIT..GROWEB. ,- MAX..'J" 5' .7'
.. .- .. .' ,,,..,.; _
: : ;- -t. ,. & ; t
: /J ;; : tapirsbears; and zebras with \\7ANTED-About thirty three-months oldr
.. popptarar "
'INS-: ECTI'C'DE'S Pullets, Minorcas or leghorns preferred ...
-',. ostriches and huge 'of the -.
3"f'C;-' > : : python Fla.F' ,
.. .. ;
p "' and similar species as a side feat-

; ,*.-;' 'y: -: -.:, : .' protect.:Your!Crops. __, Make. Your Own 'Insecticides_ -- tat ure.--New York Journal, .April_a5th. ) i a-
breed for Florida. Prices reasonable.RADCLYFFECADMAN.
: :.' 8 a Very"Small ,Cost. :' ; .../; Fifteen L. B. Lee of BROS. i
,.,'i -T*..,..jV -.- '-':r--; ...... years ago, 3-27-6 Narcoossee, Fla.

-,;"-': %' .Ammonia! .'Vater, 26 degrees, in pound bottles, $1 each. Leesburg, picked and sold eleven FOR SPRING BUDDING. -
,'. hundred dollars' worth of BUDWOOD
<' : '.' ::3 White Arsenic, 10 cants a pound." ;.>', :{ oranges varieties for sale at $4 per 1,000.
: c f.";:;', ;; :?,- Carbonate of-Ammonia, 15 dents a pound. .- ::: from a single acre. I went to see his Centennial Homosassa, Nonpariel and Majorcaare

::; \ ilCarbonate: of So a. 5-pound packages, 20 cents a package. .o trees. They,were. mostly sour wild Brown$5,per Duroi 1000.Blood Satsuma Amory, Tangarine Blood Parson Blood

P" i w Sf l ,fCarbon: BiSulphlae, pound tins 25 cents a pound. .:, ., t; trees budded right ''where they 'were and Pomelos are $8: per 1,000. King.' Boone'sEarly
-9 ," ;j-2_: Caustic Soda, 60 pound cans, ents'a pound. Pineapple and Marsh's Seedless are$1.50
r t.f a .' found, and stood in irregular groups per loo. All buds warranted free from all insect
(:0 Copper Carbonate, single pounds,' cents a pound.
pests and from bearing trees.
,: t r. '?:-.,.:.;;l: Copper Sulphate,"10-pound packages, 70 cents a package.' often several tre'es in a radius. of six W. K. TRIMBLE

'W. """'., >_ ;. Quick Lime, per barrel 1;90 cents. feet. Trees in that shape thoroughly 2-20-tf ** Braidentown, Fla.

y'1', .-::_ ,r! London Purple, cents. fed will yield abundantly if the tops
'" perrund.Z
:- : \ I' Napthaline. per pound, 8 cents.. are kept trimmed out in the center of
: > '--; i j%, Paris Green, per pound, 30 cents. '- ; '
the that limbs do inter- nrW. F. CONNELLY
: '':, '.. ;#: Potassium Sulphide pound 39 cents. group so not Dentist
.''c \ 'J; Pyrethrnm'Insect-Powder-hest twine. They are however not so
:. 33 cents pound. '..-4! ,
,r L'*. .,c:; ', :.: ,Rosin! ,''f2! a barrel ?" .. easy to'cultivate.as when planted sin-' (Gradual?Dental Maryland Department) Universityof

\. \ '.... -:,-;., Sulphur.60-pound Dust packages,)3 cents a pound. -- \ gle in straight rows. Still, with the Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all.other f 1

.l b ':N Tobacco barrels, 3 cents, samll lots 4 cents a pound. .' experience we .have-had with cold I work done voder the most modern methods. t-'
;:.::> :M Tobacco Stems; 60-poun packageslicents; a pound. think im kesidence,304 West Ashley Street. '.
''h .. we should trees togetherand i
: it" r -<* These prices are for quantities as mentioned herein. For larger quantities .

{,;, '::/- : .'
% %' :.:- and give all l necessary information for making up Insecticides.R. the'ground. Those sprouts, that full information and prices. See article on anr I
F xSUCCESSOR have grown from the ground are carrying other page. \.
t WILSON & TOOMER Fertilizer Company. ,.
: IOJITINEZ more fruit than those that' grew Jacksonville, Fla. ,.v

'.- -'. .. out of the 'sides of the old trees.- r

r. ._' .' TO" J. C. It'Hjt6I1H. Eustis Lake Region.' LOUISIANA GRASS (PASPALUM PLA-
1" ) grass for lawns and permanent
f p., 0.: BOX.89, JACKSONVILLE' FLA. pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000. by express; 35
cents per hundred,postage paid.; M.F.POWEB.S,

RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, and budwood in exchange for pure f
.. ; blooded Plymouth Rocks and Brown 'I-
I Leghorn
: $ CITRUS one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents: Nothing '_ fowls. F. D.WAITE, Belleview,Fla. -13-1!
their Fine Reduced
r Offer Stock of .TREES at Prices. taken for less,than 25 cents.

'. 1 Advertisements for this column MUST be prepaid. mnOBOUGH-BBED MAMMOTH LIGHT
J. Brahma Cockerels and Pullets, f 1.00 to 2.00
Parson Jaffa Bloods St Michael Jaffa Wash. Navels
Browns Ruby,Amory; ,
; Send no stamps larger than two cents. Plymouth Rock Pullets, $i.oo each. From prize
," ._:..> Y' ... Tardiff. ,. Dancy, King Tangerines, Villa Franca Lemons. Initials and figures count as one word.WANTED winners. Mas. GOMPERTS, >
K Seedless Thornless Silver Cluster Pomelos. mos Lady Lake, Fla.
.:Triumph., Marsh: i r.;
-- -'! FOR CASH Velvet ,

;"3 -t: .1'-; / ) ."Atf$25? per 100, f., o. b. ; 10 'per cent off on 500 lots. Whipporwill and Black Peas.B. FOR SALE Two Leon county farms 480 acres .
'': ',.," ? : Care Farmer and Fruit-Grower. 5-15-3. 390 acres. Excellent: for stock raising and '
i;:. r /'Allx'treetit' are bujded loon rough oI) stocks about \\ inch diameter:; Buds tobacco Fla. growing. W.B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,

: tea.!; 4'io 6 fees| liigh/first" class hi every respect and guaranteed true to name. i IF Peaches YOU or HAVE Pineapple TOMATOES.to ship,, write GRAPES for, 8-24-tf
:.< .. ., Address, RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, I'la.T prices on the best crates in the Market. THE NURSERY TREES.-7CARNEY.. PARSON
.. PIERPONT Manufacturing Co.} Crescent City, ', Grape Fruit budded low on
Fla. ,- sour. stock,at very reasonable prices. I.
f 6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake,Ela.HART'S e
Graded Beggar Weed Seed. : .
T : Extra Cleaned and Graded Beggar and Buds. Write for prices eta r

Weed Seed. Send in your Order at 'I 23 If W.H. MANN- Mannville, Fla.WRITE -'

t ry MARSH POMELO (Seedless), JOPPA LATE ORANGE (Seedless), TAHITI LIME (Seedless), : *
)f Prices per pound F. O. B.: 10 to 50 pound lots, Fla.,and learn how to cause your
:t: SATSUMA ORANGE (Seedless), EUREKA LEHON (Seedless). 25 cents; 50. to,20'pound lots, 20 cents; special ,stock to come either sex:you wish. 3-13-16 .
; s ", prices on lots of over 200 pounds. Terms Cash M MFRUIT
,,'f Jno. A. Germond, Mgr., Edgar, Putnam Co., BRANDIES AND WINES FOR '
: $5 to Si per gallon. Send for price-
r> -fiff r ORANGE, LEMON, LIME AND POMELO TREES.. i list and samples J. B.LAMONTAGNK,
_ ,* Send for'Descriptive Catalogue. LAKELAND, FLA. DANCY TANGERINE.bud-wood true SATSUMA to name Four and Dollarsper Cen- Winter Park, Fla. t tSATSUJIA "

......: 1,000. Address H. FRIEDLANDER, Inter- TREES AND BUD'VOOD.l'

; Oitrus'Fruit' Shipped From Largo. lachen Fla. 5-1-3 "ad", in another column.
% Fatima, the female hippopotamus, GLEN ST. MARY NURSERY COMPANY, f
: ;, ;;; Editor Farmer. ,and Fruit Grower sent to Chicago from the Central l l t'OR SALE-A lot of seedling Pomelos, buds Glen St. Mary,Fla. #
J:: .averaging about half to three-qurter inches .
: i <', = A day or two since, the agent at Park Zoo, is to have a permanent in diameter. ,also Queen and Abbaka Pine slips. .pGGS FOR HATCHING LIGHT BRA- +
A.] ALDRICH, Orlando Fla. i
home in Southern Florida where .the 5-1-5 Hi MARS and *1t61.oo -
;i Largo kindly sent me an official state-: Plymouth Rocks bred for utility.

ment of the output of fruit, for this breeding of wild animals for exhibitioli STRAWBERRY PLANTS.,Nunans Schnadelbach's per 1,000$3.00. per 13. MRS.Lady GOMPERTS.Lake, Fla. .

season from that point which is therefore and commercial! purposes is to be JULIUS SCHNADELBACH, Grand Bay Ala. ,

r a authentic, as follows: By ex attempted on a novel plan by the NURSERY 1HEES at':Iteduced Prlcei.
to nose out our surplus stock of I.
press-grape fruit, 390 boxes; oranges Ringling brothers, of circus fame. trees,we will greatly reduce prices on aU leading '
-- '. boxes Two thousand acres of land bordering varieties. Send,in your orders early. #
4473 ; by freight-grapefruit W. K. TEIMBLB, *.
=. = ; boxes 2601. Total on the St. Johns river, in the everglade SMOOTH CAYENNE,ABBAKA GOLD. a-20-tf Braidentown, Fla. '
4.S, 37' ; oranges, EN QUEEN, PINEAPPLE PLANT,FOR s '
grape fruit, 427 boxes; oranges, 7074. district, have, been secured by SALE BY SMOOTH CAYENNE PINE
purchase and lease and a force of APPLE CO., PINE CASTLE, FLA. NURSERY STOCK AND BUD WOOD.,
,,., These figures must make this point 5-1-3 a few thousand Orange,Lemon,
z[ one of the heaviest if not the heaviest workmen will be sent there in a few and Grape Fruit trees for sale. Prices from 15 to .
2* cents each. ]. w. &P. D.WAITS,Magno
individual orange shipping point of days to prepare it for the strangest use lia Nurseries,Bclleview, Fla. -13-tf |

-'i the State, for this year. Several to which land has ever been put to in L ;- .)""

,_ : ,groves l Have had over 500 boxes and this country. The site 'selected*lies BEEKEEPERS FRUIT TREES' VINES1PLANTSaudNUTTBEES.

? .. "'./' one over 1,000 boxes. This shows a north of Lake Okeechobee, and o

:. ;: :'. pretty good.record since the freeze between the Kissimmee and St. John's SEND for our Catalogue before ordering Hives. For Southern Orchards, Gardens .' '*
We can save you money and time. Our work is and Groves. No agentsr:
rivers miles from
co:.:'! ,.f and proves the condition of groves. many railway sta- first-class. :Mention thspaper.YANKlta Write for price list

_. .. _i" This'section of the'Vest'Coast, Hills- tipns.and settlements. It is part of NOVELTY WOKS, JENNINGS NURSERY CO./ .. -
4-34-6 Ocala: Flay "
o{ ,i* 1 A ..borough County, from, its output! of the primeval forest, as wild and untouched 9-36-25 Thomacyllle. Ga. '
.:. ;% s
1f; S_, .fruit .alone, certainly deserves wider by the hand of man as it was BEGGAR ED SEED FOR SALE 18 CENTS "

.-..'.., c. .. '; ,notice than it receives. As there are I thousands of years ago. ''Possessionof cents.per C.S.BUTTS,postage, Sorrento pre-paid,,Fla.by Express 10 FUMA" ARBOtf'd'BI.SULPHIDE. .

#.- .5.or 6 other shipping points, besides a comparativety few acres of high, 4.245TozSALE.Smooth. 'er-
sandy soil just back of the river gives '
: schooners.. : on this 3zmllepeninsula,.IJfftfiot "The best remedy In every respect for :kflinl '

,: ( ... get,at the total export, but control of a: practically limitless expanse L, J. T. ALLEN, Pine Cayenne Castle Pineapple, Florida.plants 4-17-3. grain cheap insects effectual is Bi-sulphide and to of Carbon. Ala. x d ,.
easy -
i of timbered and
:K"f "iBow.it mmean% a large percentage heavily swamps Sta. Bulletin 6,. :
-: z; S of the tbtalfputput of the State. jungles, in which it is proposed to (IRRIGATED GROVE 100 acres) 10 years set in Send for free illustrated pamphlet. It I* Itt tlteresting.
Y J 50 in. other fruit trees, etc. .readable and will save you money. 1" ,
,, 3.:;:.. PHILIP J. BAYLY. raise for the market such animals as For sale at a sacrifice. Address 'F," The EDWARD R.TAYLOR,Cleveland,Ohio. ;.
". '. '" lions tigers panthers elephants hip- Palms Lane Park,Lake County,Fla.410.3m. Less than roo-Ib. lots supplied by 8. G. Sear (4,-*
,7,- ;Sandsfoot Grove Anona Fla. ; '
:..:,,""\. ;. .* ... lng Jacksonville,Fla; ," ..

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J.' M. .BARNARD, General Agent, Savannah, Ga.: t i/ 1h ; .

nn ,
Proposed Sailing Dates/or March, 1897 ; qy ,


!' .. Pier 34, North Rlver-5 P. M .
': .snaaa City.-.-................. .......:............ ......... ............ .... ..Saturday, May i
;fIt,. of Birmingham...... ....,....... ......,.... .. ....h.... .. ?.......... Tuesday May 4vft ..,, I :
Grande- Ducheswe..........................v.-....... ................Thursday May 6allahftssee. Ii. 5
:: ...... ......-..... .............,M:.............................,.....,.....Saturday May 8
t.[Cansaa City.... ......................... ........s......... ... ......... .....Tuesday, May nity $
Birmingham...... .......... .*"......:.. :'.:"..................... Thursday, May 15t !
ft Grande Dnchesse............. .... :..::...:..::..:..... .,...<............::Saturday, May 18
'.A.-..,-... ...:........................Tuesday May 13 f o/1 '.
*ant.. City.... ..................................,...... .... .. .....;...,.....Thursday May 20 / .
.. .... ", ................."":'" '''.... ..............:.Saturday, May 22 (tt !_-
.aurande'Duehesse.... ....,... .,.. ......f.. .....!.....i.....................Tuesday May 251'allahaa ;.
"; +see..............:!....".................................,..*... .......:..Thursday: May; .
.an.a8 Clt ............. .............................:..:. ......:. ....... ....Saturday, May 09 .. ...... !:' .
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,, G.M. SORRELL.Manager, New Pier No.35.North River. .


; hattahooehee........ .......... .,. ............................ ... ........... Thursday, May6 .
":, ftcoochee ,..... ....r....................... :................h................Thursday, May 13 Finest Cuisine and Service., No Between and New York. ;
:..hattahooehee.: ..... .........................u.... .....................Thursda,, May 20 Transfers Jacksonville :'' -.41
..\f.:'.aeooehee. ...........................&..,.BARNARD............,..Agents.......,.ewis's...... ..Wharf.... .......Thursday, May 27RICHAkrJSON The Fleet composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers: .*' msi

'* PHILADELPHIA. TO SAVANNAH. (Direct)) "Coma*" (new), "llgonpin," Iroquois," Cherokee," ."Sciinole1NORTH !

: Pier 18, foot Spruce Street-3 P. M. -
." ., STKAJmJl: .
-1.ate City..........,....... ........ ...... ... ..............".........-...........-.Wednesday May< r r S
:<''Ity of Mftcon......-............. .........!.......... .....:;..........:.- ..........Monday May .
... ............ ..... :.... .... ..... S
.,ate Cit!..-.- .-..:: -,,- ...-... -. ,:r. /. ..i. ".'' ...- .Saturday May :Q BOUND. :
It7 of Macon.:........:...:......,..,........... .;'....,. .-.. .... ..0....,.......Thursday May
.;ate ..;............:. ............... ..................:.... .............Tuesday May 2S steamerS are appointed to sail according: toHhe tide. \ "J r
;>ityof. bacon .. ......... ,...... ............................. ............:..........Sunday May 30 20 c' ._. *,
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent,Pier 18, foot; Spruce Street. Prom JACKSOKVILLE. ,FLA.,.(calling Charleston),......... .......Sundays,Tuesdays and Thursday*. -.f' ;"

SAVANNAH TO'" NEW YORK.Central Erom CHARLESTON, S. C., .-........................... ......... Mondays,Wednesdays'and Fridays :.c J

((00 Meridian) Time-as below. For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers "

I Grande'Duchesse,...SUndaY. May 2, 7.00 am City of Birm'g 'm.,....Tuesd y May 181.00 pm
tllahassee.;.... .,,-.....Tuesday, May 4, 7.pm La Grande Duchessee..Friday May 21, 1000 am SOUTH BOUND.r
,ansas City ,.....,......Prlday May 7, JO.OO am Tailahassee..Sunday May 23, 10.00 am .. ,
;;i ityof Birm'gh'm ..-,..Sunday May 9, xoooam Kansas City.............Tuesday May 25 zoo pm Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.tn., as follows: '- 5 l
',;*4 Grande Duchesse....Tuesday May 11,3.oopm City of Birm'gb'm ....,.Friday May 28, 5.00 am
,-'allahassee! ..... ..... ..Fridag May 14,5.00 am La Grande Duchessee..Sunday. May 30. 6.00 am For CHARLESTON S. C., .- .......................................Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays .
'LansasCity., Sunday May 16,7.00amSAVANNAH For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) .................Mondays Wednesdays and FtidaI1'.f
mu BH mi m BB
'.; Central ((90, Meridian))Time-as below. -4
,.,"acoc chee.-: .......!.....Thursday May 6, 7.oopn,t Nacoochee' ... ......Thursday May 20, 7.00 pm BOSTON AND JACKSONVILLE :-Direct LIne, [Freight Only.]
.;'Uttahoochee.: .......Thunday May 13,4.00pm | Cbattahoochee.--.. Thursday May 27.4 00 pm x f
SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.Central : Calling at Charleston, S. C.,both ways. .z

((00 Meridian) Tlns ,-as below. STEAMERS "GEO. W. CLYDE". AND "DELAWARE"z
1 ;'ty' of Macon..,.....Wednesday May 5,7.00 pm I Gate City ........ '20, 7.00 pm ,- .
lite City .""",, ......Monday May to, 1.00 pm I I City of Macon _. .TburadayMay 252.00 pm Ar appointed. to sail as follows: .
......... ............... "s
ety of Macon Saturday May 15 5.00 pm | Gate City Sunday May 30, 4.00 pm rom foot of Hogan Street Jacksonville From Lewis'Wharf, Boston, V" =
Jacksonville Florida. a
S W."if'
'". \:W.a.ARNOLDG.T.P.A.. t C. G.ANDERSON AGENT ; "l'.-.
Savannah; Ga'I :<'

L ". C "YOE'S ST. OTins 1IVEt InE t-; -
-fT '
DE BARY LINE. /.kt,. "

WILLIAM A. SOURS ,& CO, Jacksonville, Palatfca- Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate.. /..

Landings Qn the St. Johns River ....

rain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers '- The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer i;. ., .
"CI'rY OIa JACI.c80NVIL B iss ;;

CAPT. W, A. SHAW, trcJf
s Is appointed to sail as follows: 5 < .

.": Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of heave Jacksonville...... Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays 340 p.m r i..:t:;!
I Returning Leave Sanford 9.00 am., and Enterprise 9.30,a.m..Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays. ,

; Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal .. >. -
Read Down. .
Up. "
Cotton Seed Heal Both Bright : M 845 p. m. .........--......... ....Palatka...,........................ Leave 8.oop. m. .
It 3.00 $. m. ...._:.........;.............Astor............................ It J.OOPom. .-
4.30 a. m. _...._............. St. Francis......................... N 1.30 p.m, _
BTAT AG1iNTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE' .:.................. ...........:.............. Beresford ............_......... 12.001100&
Arrive 8.00 a. m. .................... .... Sanford....,..::_...._ t. 9.00 L m. r
:.gerl-I11el Fertiliier Bo. A NITRATE SODA, '. 9.25 a. m. ......................... Enterprise..,............,.... ...... 9-30"m.' .;" ". _


fir 1.{,?:. 'Brand Fertilizers, j MURIATE- OF POTASH GeneralPassenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay st., Jacksonville- .

POTASH W. H. WARBURTON, 2- P. A., 5 Bowling Green, New York. .
Tree + M. H. CLYDE, AMi taut Traffic Manager Bow,fng Green New York.F. ? .
Egg and Vegetable KAINIT Etc. H. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 304 West Bay 8t,Jacksonvfll,fid. ) -
., '!'D.JT.'mI. JOHN L. HOWARD Acting Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla. '-r 5 ...
THEO. Gi.EGER,:Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green New York.x. I '
'! :These Fertilizers have superior la thtmubt.nd&trial will COI1mce. ,, t

teadferCatsJagM; fm. ., .' ,.: WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agents, r f:: '
r 11- A. IS South Delaware Arenuo,PhlUdelphl -5 Bovliiir Greea, Hew York 0 ,

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,,l :::' "' 32Q.. .rP' i FLORIDA FARMER AND n11IT- noWDe .YAY 15

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'.t:.:.." '..:,'','-.':-''i'1F" .'", '. v ,:.,. FERTILIZERS Ti! L : ii11: !

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-. GRADE POTASH, with ,
Y perfeet adaptability to the
.. =r ,, :
r A requirements and_perfect mechanical condition, Jn .
.' strong handsome Bags which don't rot. .
'.ri.:' i> ,:' 1 t": 837 The cheapest brand for the quality in the

; :. .r. '" market. Cottonseed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul
'. } .c ';?, __ tural Chemicals ete.
>.; ;';....r...: -_ Sulphur,

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: .:'-,:'? ;. : Z%; :: INSECTICIDES.old .

':",'f,"'. .
J .' ; :: NI ".1' D-The old reliable EUREKA has never been
"':;: '"frf* roperceded. 'It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the "j -
\ fungus giowlh* j__


.'"' Fei 11 A main datra ion to the Aleyroda CIW( Flyand) other
AP e yflatterAnimal: 1. L Lt I l S famnia of6caleat anriodsoth devd ate Fatal tothe
r'. :i;.. Spider, and other tBecRag Pinappla and Vegetables. *
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L .:..i::'::: Rubber Hose Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great .variety of the best make, ,at -1w.-' 1 -

a .,',<:, Manufacturers''Prices.AGRICULTURAL ,arr.rone

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'': ,,' ... THE STUD,

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'"'::':>"!',-3,," ,, < sri 0 iI1 t 6 2-
crab BUCKET -
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J '{j- A e k- 51 SPRKWftE.

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t BEAN Jacksonville Fla t

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-4 :.:',c: Nuggets. .. Kep unpleasant subjects away from the that will lay twice as much, and a hatching. ", f

& >" Leghorn fowls will commence laying table. They do not promote digestion.The half Berkshires.The dozen. razorbacks for one or two Fertilizers will not take the place of"j

y i ;; 'a: ." when from four to six months old. Late government should put on the free frequent tillage. ;'

;: j( chickens are more subject to gapes. list all articles controlled by trusts. : farmer who is making his land The.cow pea has invaded} the North
,,(t. ,-1 Keep poultry stock by the fro'I richer every year is laying up the best Farm and Fireside claims that it ex '
pure -
_ : It is the difference between month bank account possible. Robbing the soil '
: quent infusion of new blood. Kill off a all other 1 lugnminous plants in produc w
:'" the old cockerels when they have reached old egg and the egg of today that gives for present profits is never practiced' by maximum results in a'minimum of tim .
r, the l latter its value. Get of farmers.
the.two year mark. a reputation good The black'C9W pea it claims! excels, at
:\ '
'OJ furnishing only fresh eggs to your cus- Let the farmer make effort others in the production of nitrogen.
'zc Beets and carrots will come up sooner tomers.If a desperate
= /" ifsoakedt twenty-four hours. this year to avoid buying feed for horses, It is more the man than the. land tha:'
..'.." you will grow a big cotton crop, cattle; hogs or'poultry.Pnt makes good crops.. ,
Young man, do not sit down and :
grumble grow a big corn and a big root f
;f.. .:' about the times and your hard lot. I to match, and cattle crop, hogs and poultry crop to the boys to painting and white. The farmer's cows and chickens ghoul
.,.. I /See the sunshine, be bright, honest and r eat them. Then you will be a manufacturer washing. It will give them pride in the pay the dry goods,and grocers bills -
,,t..,': _.: v cheerful; work faithfully, manage wisely I and can stand low priced cotton. home and help keep .them on the farm. Education is the measure of the ci -
;.i, zWand you will prosper. Are the fences in of
i Peanut culture is good repair and the production the country. The m
>., .'::. Weak, camphor water restore viiltA The nut makes refined oil yearly excellent extending.flour gates, and doors on their hinges? Are I general the common school r, the great
<- \, :. ed flowers and cuttings, and, cause seeds tip top feed for hogs and, .is the latest, there any old hats or rags where panesof the crop production :'

.:f.. to germinate more quickly, sometimes remedy for consumption., Grow peanuts. glass should be, saying "Here lives a "A t stitch in time saves nine" has uanalogy
... restoring their vitality.It .- sluggard fIntensive in the destruction of weeds. It?
: ,:',:, '.' will be found that where the soil is The farm is a first rate place if you area farming. Are you practic- not half the work to destroy weeds wh(
; -. kept loose by plowing and cultivation, first'rate farmer. Strive to be a better ing it? they first appear above the ground. '
: -\ its capacity! for absorbing and holding one this year than last. Times' have been A progressive farmer cannot love a Blood and bone 'is an incomplete
-6-: water:is much greater than where it is hard on the farm,'but harder,on: the me- scrub. Scrubs are not susceptible, of tilirer, being deficient in potash.
; neglected chanic, manufacturer and merchant. _<'
: affection. They do not care to be petted Dehorning should net, be
: Bre'er Rabbit seems to be finding his and are conscious that 'practi
.=, Make one acre produce as much as two they are not during hot weather. ;
,;:., place. His earcas is worth from five to have done. Get nd of two scrub cows and worthy of it. There is less risk In-
: ':"if seven cents and his hide breeding fit
two ,and .
Jersey Holstein
:' get a Guernsey or that A mature'cows
Pennsylvanian has
than '
wooden hen
> a
1: half to four cents. His fur is now used younger ones. t
will twice much
:-p'of'i.-ti*}--' in making Later scrubs.produce the as as the two that takes in fifty thousand eggs at a I The best preventive.. of hogeioleral
t t5-,' Exchange dunghill hen for setting. This might'. be called wholesale I cleanliness in the ty.-So.. RaraHt< ,

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