Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00120
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: March 20, 1897
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00120
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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20, 1897. WhA :]14C7 ;
!'.; Chas 7"""" .WDaCoataBtulneuManager- _. __, -- -__ 'L.- -___-------__--_.__ __ *, -v Vol. IX, No.,12. 'S

: The Largest Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA. -

: -. H GHEiTe Know the Best Varieties and the
: Plums (over 30 varieties, Wickson, Bed June Hale White Kelsey, 18 new "'
QUALITY kinds). Peaches,(need Triumph,Suber,over TO varieties). Pears Kaki Nuts, -
: t BEST TREES: TO PLABft Grapes,Oranges,,Lemons ,Kumquats, Roses etc. .

,( '"LOWEST trICES We shipped more peaches from our.own orchards this Over 300 '''Varieties Fruits and Ornamentals. : "
season than all other growers in this section combined .
,"rM1' and made big MONEY at it. .

PJff.PAJI) 4 BUu Trees'Prom VUR8ERHEM Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy- Orange on Hardy-Stock. :'

n ARK FRUIT GROWERS ..A handsome 65-page Catalogue for 1890-97,with over 50 engravings. Gives .. }
WHO adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions recent experIence s
in orchard and market with varieties new and old,with full cultural information ,
.' This ,, '
: '
Everything for the' SouthsPeach v
Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits,. Grapes,

"' Nuts, 'Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc. : / ,Investigationlinto( the Requirements of Florida Orchards. '
350- Varieties.; MILLION and a half trees 'Over 306 acres. f 5 t'Y ears': 1{ Experience and Experimenting; Growing Florida Fruits..
: No.BETTER stock to'select from.None so LARGE. Eitenalvejpropagatlon ofjTrees. Florida Planting.
New Catalogue with' over 50 Illustrations,' 28 New Photographic. Views, Free on
: application., %;

TEE',GRIFFING BROS. Co Inc. Macclenn G.L.TABER,President. GLEN' ST. MARY, FLA. .

0 Successors> to "W. ';D, (Griffing. .Fla. A.H.MANVILLE, Secretary. ;.


.? *.. .
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Pearl'Cat Tail B ,post-paid ....,. ,' ,
Millet per >,.35C. ; German Millet. .200. per pound post-paid.
k Amber! Cane\..-.......;>sc.- :,per pound, 'u Kaffir Corn............350. "' II r
Beggtrweed ... ......400. 'f '.. Sunflower .,....2OC.per quart For'Best Seeds at Lowest Prices write for my List for 1897.. 1::: ,

Cow. Pa,Whippoorwill' ,; : ,Clay'Red..,.Ladyfinger. ;Wonderful. ,and\ Black. &3T Send for prices., The' Largest Stock in the State, and every seed New Crop. ;

:I,' oA:11l2: RON, Seedsxn:, I handle only the products of Seed Growers of National Reputation, such as >'

: Henderson, Landreth, Ely, etc.. .-'
.,.. '
flQilmaakeeHplowda Ofancje Co. .

Offers,to the public this season the finest_Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experience *:;
0 of thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely A If-.
.known 'and' thoroughly approved,varieties' ylz: Satsuma, Mandarin, :Parson Brown, SATSUMA, TANGERINES, PARSON. BROWN- ETC., ETC:
Boone's Early and Centennial.< Jaffa,ajorca'Ruby; Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seedless !- '
'''' ,Pineapple, Homosassa,and,;:Tangerine. Tardiff and King,Duncan and Marsh SeedleSs -
+ + + + BUDDING WOOD k
.: \>, Grapefruit SeedlessVilla Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior -f + + +
'" :to the round)., Budwood at 1f times' 'Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor-
Trifoliate Stockr(One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Plums
respondents.. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to Peaches, Figs.c. .,

Milwaukee: .- ;Florida Orange ,Co., Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.f-f<<- -.

The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. _
Low Prices ;,:;. : ,
,4 DUNEDIN, FLA., ",- -
CANS : /' D. L. PIERSON, ,
: < *G1A1IE-D :P ** ,; Monticello,Fla.
;iFrom: the. choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full Hue of Pears and- I :' _._' :. ,7r.>". :;.,j.. ::- -,', f" ::s."
.j Plums. Delicious! Celestial Figs.' Mulberries:that bear four months. -a r


stocks one:two and three yean old. All stockjclean:and healthy. Send for I 1tertAloaue. -
..eatingg. VEGETABLES Largest .:}Y -
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J. GIRARDEAU., Prop., Monticello, FlaIt PRODUCEWe and : ';;
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receivp and MM.la CM lo* \ .
aU ProdooU Of the QASDKK.OBCHABD.,DA!. mOS t "-_': 'I'--- '
BYT$ HNEaY and FAEM.. : Market Btporti.Befcrmce ..lJComplel /-; ._ -'

f FORAGE: A\N'D\ HrA YtCRo.PS.: No. 811 Street*.eta.free upon app1' BUBQu!at1on. .Addren Fena'a. -',.J.r ..' ::

SOWERS,\ BROTHER & Co.I .. 1.181.; (, ? ... ;">
,,Is,Time You Were Thinking of Them !Ir :
We'have the SEEDS that you want for these crops,and we want you to buy them NOW. ,'lis..eBt. '. :>.: ';,I
Practically drought-proof- for forage and grain. We hare .
Wit'-. KAFFIR I .CO'HN both the White and Ited varieties at 10 cents per packet; SO cents ,:;.,- .,_. ,
., per pound; four pounds, postpaid; ten pounds not prepaid, 150. Send for'Annul Descriptive ;. Soii. '
'Requires t01r.1 unda per acre. > CATALOGUE,
? : Similar to Kaffir Corn,but has ,large white.S. me ?
R 'J UKUDAiiBA_ (- CORN price as newly Issued and everything revised. Geo. S. Hacker & Son -,,
B ( rDdimlo: Mal2),30c.perpound; four pounds 'needed by the Horticulturist '
Sor hum. "
ranching. gi.oo,postpaid. I f Manufacturers of tf",;,t. ,t..J1<-,.,:..
"' Y if 11 T CT1 Enormously productive. The best for andpTREESorOrchard
_T 'PEARL,2 U K.-U A11. Al L M1 LLli 1 forage. Pound,36c.,;four pounds,.$1.25,green post- ,. PLANTS Window Lawn BUILDING MATERIAL, ....: :l. r
or Greenhouse. largest CHARLESTON,.S. C,. i g. MARw"ED.C1eanBeed\400.,. seed 40;. per pound; four pounds,$1.50, post-paid; 25c. o collection to setedt from Purchase. our make:,which we gnaiwitoe ,'.f'; '
pe by express or in the Soutb.tWtiEi superior any sold Soutlt,and thereby,gf _. "'
-. ,H.:G. HASTINGS_ &G ots:: dsmen money. ;c.1 ft. =';:':,'
1 If'8, +ki for our- ,CatkJ' ue.. INTER LAC HEN, FLA. I BMTKK.< ;... ONgCO, JlU.I W! WI1MW. AID UKY ttttg A IPiIIAUY" $ -'. }i .- .',-- :: -__:;k"

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\.f ;, THE FLORIDA FARMER AND ,FRUIT GROWER is.edited and conducted exclusively .by actual l. and experienced tillers of the :soil J _
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:>whojiveon, the farm)and practice what they; ch.: -v '- -." .-a-i' ., Vr: .... -- "

*1 3?%. ..; THE:FLORIDA FARMER AND. FRUIT:-<}RO\VERh on its working staff some of the most distinguished. agronomic authorities of

s .-.,. '.the. State t .two professors of the State Experiment Station and the agricultural agent of. one of the chief lines\ of railway who is an experienced tobacco

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V <;, grower. ___ ,

:; ., % TIDE FLORIDA. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. has. a trained corps. of regular and.occasional correspondents. chiefly representing
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.the brightest body of producers,the world, the Florida rang -growers. .
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:: THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER stands as the champion of conservative American soil-culture opposed to the

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_.'1' credit' and crop-lien. systems; opposed to the single-crop. idea for the average farmer. It advocates the production of home, supplies to the greatest extent
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:. <:'-.'"\compatible. ..with. that prime' object of all good farming. -the creation of a solid bank account. _, .

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'r.-r' ''. "" THE FLORIDA. FARMER., :AND FRUIT GROWER devotes itself to the; horticulture and agriculture of :Florida., which. unique. ,
f ;t.-! ,

Wits .. ..'",v/needs" and requirements: for which Northern farm ,teachings,are generally inapplicable-. d misleading. '-

; :->:: .. THE FLORIDA, 4 FARMER,. AND FRUIT GROWER. i is' emphatically. the business farmer's. paper. No other. agricultural pap'er.in- thejtLte.reaches

; ? so many farmers who .conduct.their business on' successful plans; who make money -by it, and have.,money to pay for what they want. .

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:- \':\ V..- -" THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, for these reasons, is the best advertising medium in which to reach Unsuccessful
.: :.:' ,"'_ ; "
r. rural! \ classes- of the State. Our:cheap column" is watched by more country people than any other.. medium. '. .

.. I Address
!: ,

: : FarO:1er auniciJACKSONVILLE E'ruit Grower .
> 1 :.,.. 4.Florida: : : = ,

"0! t5." : FLORIDA.
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$ti ," .:.;;'Humidity and the Spinning ofCotton. larly the South, where the extensionof b e of sufficient importance, as showing ers to the wheel and now have their
the art is the most pronounced, the relative hygrometric condi- places in fine condition. New fences

1 A report upon..the relative humidity compared with that of the southern tions at four cities in New England, and new houses have been built, and

of southern New England and shore ofNew England.It one on Lake Ontario, three, on the the fields are now being placed in

v-* : ,other: localities, published as Weather appears that thus far in the de South Atlantic Coast, and one on the readiness for planting.-Starke Tele-

-. $ t' Bureau Bulletin No. XIX, by Alfred velopment of the cotton manufacturing Gulf Coast to.be reproduced here graph.A .

-' J, 'Henry, chief. of division, was industry little account has been takenof This table shows that the climate of refrigerator car,fitted up by Truby

-- ..' prepared during the year.. The report climatic conditions as affecting the Mobile is better for cotton manufacture &Thomas,left last night for Lakeland,

_ describes the conditions of 'atmospheric quantity or quality of the output. It than that of Augusta, Atlanta, .I. where it. will be loaded with berries
:A 'S humidity in localities where the is also apparent that the relative humidity Wilmington or Charlotte. and forwarded to New York. The car

spinning and weaving of cotton are: of the atmosphere depends not rye is so perfectly refrigerated that the ther-
carried on, the special object of the only on the quantity of vapor presentin The shipments,, of vegetables mometer showed a rise of only two degrees -

ti paper'being to,compare the conditions theair, but also on the temperaturewhich the islands of Charlotte Harbor con- in the temperature after the car

;. 'r where ,successful spinning is carried determines the point of saturation tinue good. All during the winter stood in the baking sun all day yes-

'; i-l i' on with those in localities where it is and that these elements vary; season cargo after cargo has been terday. C. R. Ensey will accompanythe

: '. .!., : <'. proposed to establish and develop the both as regards time and geographic transferred from the harbor steamersat car to New York.-Starke-Tele
-< 'r. 1':: industry. situation.It Punta Gorda into the express cars graph.
f .. for transportation. to the northern ......
: is
One of the conditions essential to beleived. that the place where..
-- ---- -- ----- -- -- -
,the- greatest degree of success in the' the spinning of the finer fabrics of markets. The shipments during this The two most critical times in a
and last have
1J spinning and weaving of cotton fair cotton can be profitably done.is where week averaged upwardsof woman's life are the times which,make

: .r&S :rice, is a humid atmosphere, and the the relative humidity of the atmosphere eight hundred crates for per day,_ and the girl a woman, and the woman a
'more' constant the degree of humidity undergoes the least change during the daily average months past' runs mother. At these times Dr. Pierce's

-,. the: greater is the measured profitable the working hours of .the day. up into the hundreds.-Punta. Gorda Favorite Prescription is of incalculable

:": spinning, especially regards the The control of both temperature Herald. value. It strengthens and invig-
t. : '" '. -. finer:numbers. The average spinning and humidity by artificial means seemsto Col. W. T. Weeks looked after business -i orates the organs distinctly feminine,

;.; ; l-J _' ''.England, ,is finer than that of the be the:]final solution of the problemin matters in the western part of the promotes regularity of the functions,

-- 1f ."'4 :United! States, and the average of'the all cases where the establishment of county' during the first part .of the allays irritation and inflammation,

:'!"-i..:=t : ;latter .varies greatly with the geographic mills in a relative dry climate is con- week. The colonel reports that the checks unnatural, exhausting drains,

; location, the finer spinning templated.The majority of the people injured by the and..puts the whole delicate organisminto
done almost New following table is thought storm last year have put their should. perfect condition. Almost all the
being wholly In
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.,;-i ..,;?: .;q 1:!'.if England. : or.I ills of womankind are traceable to +
=r t ,c.yLYJ. :The ,r JANUARY JULY some form of what is known as "fe-
attention of the Weather ; - -- -
.: ... >'p'''':gT -Bureau: having been called to the im- Hour :.....( .................. ....;.... .....!.......... 1 a. m. 1 p.m. 9 p:m.T a.m. p. m 9 p.m. male complaint. There are not three
; - -- -
1y; 6 ._=V::.porfance of the. subject and to the New Bedford......:...........:..:... ......... .......... 9t 81 00 85 0 90w cases in a hundred of woman's peculiar -
r ood'e Hall..H.-........ .. .. 78 -2 75 85 'Z1 86 diseases that Dr. Pierce's Favorite
J-i i:' 4Ws :probable J :extension the manufacture Newport .................;;...::....::... .....s....;.-_..' :8 65 74 80 M 82 .
.. Z of much wider than New wndon............:;...;:;..:.._;................. 78 00 78 'Z1 69 85 Prescription will not cure.
F f' ; oyer area Oswego................ .....;........:;.._............. V8 a 'Z5 74 7tChariotte .
'\-;-;' '..;:;:\. .,It has.yet'occupied, a comparison was ........................ .....t.:.............. 84 72 n 63 '%0Wnm1Dgton.
.,......:.:...::........:; .................. 84 51 15 84 69 ..80At1aDta.
.J:; :\:. 'It instituted, v.th'a' view of ascertaining ................................;:................. Tl 63 68 .4 M rAugusta. Celery sent -to New. York from
i: '\ ". :S hOw;the naturalhumidity of certainportions ................!.........:...;.!4...... ...,...: 8t 62 77 :5 47Me ';0 Tampa last week-sold, .. for $ .25 per
y- : ., !......:....:.. ....::.....,....:.:..:.........:!....., 11 M 80 83 M Ie *"* -
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Orchard. More on the White Fly seedlings are unreliable. But the facts ment is the delicate aerometer, den
..., : Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: well known that the higher above simeters and alcohometers for testing ,
..;.. Your letter of February 18,has been ,the normal type a fruit carried by the acidity, the saccharine'matter of
f forwarded to me to Washington. In selection or cultivation the greater the the must and the degree of alcohol in
J Fruit Culture. the case of the infected groves at Fruit- tendency in its progeny to revert to the r wines and brandies, for the manip--
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower' : land which you mention, it is difficultto normal size.Consequently. ulation of which it requires more thanan
Ithas'been abundantly proven,that say what course should be.pursued.I the only sure plan is ordinary wine-maker. Here it
b intensive culture and high manuring presume that you are aware that the to graft or bud. ,It is"now too late to must be stated that Mr. LaMontague
i pay growing even the staple' cropsof white fly survived the freeze at a num- graft sucessfully,but.the pecan can b: has studied and learnt the wine and
: agriculture, where there is no other ber of points in Florida. From per- budded, at almost any time during the brandy; manufactore in Europe with %
gain than an increase increasing The sonal observation I know the pest to summer by using a ring or annular some of the best masters.
fanner is j justified in 'themanuring have appeared again at Gainesville, bud. The grafts or buds should be Contrary to these blind folded bub--
of his corn, wheat, oats, Evinston, Ocala, Manatee and Myers.I taken from a tree whose fruit combines ble enterprises which hang fire for along
'. cotton or tobacco, where he has a fair am not familiar with the region immediately these three qualities: First, size; second time and finally prick themselves ,
chance of a corresponding increase in surrounding Fruitland. I thinness of shell; third, flavor.In into some receiver's hands, everythinghere
the bushels and pounds grown. He know that the time of the '
simply at this way a worthless grove can be is conducted on strictly economic_
neither' obtains nor expects any other freeze the pest was very abundant transformed into one that will be sure and scientific principles.

,gain.The around.Crescent City and Huntington, to prove profitable, for large pecans Returning from the winery to Mr. .
fruit finds this
{ grower not only which are of course very near Fruit- with thin shells are always in demandat LaMontagne's: cottage, we partook of
advantage, and that in a higher- degree land. fruit bran-
fancy prices.In his clear bright wines and
in generous manuring, but also If the pest has appeared again marketing them you are not at dies full of body and aroma of the
two others. He can thus not only throughout.this entire region,of course the mercy of the railroads or commission fruit itself, and with minds brightened,
F" largely increase his yield per acre,but the destruction of the infected grove men, but can send samples of and hearts cheered, we left with the
he can produce larger and finer colored which you mention'at Fruitland would your pecans to different markets by feeling that :Mr. LaMontagne was not
fruit, and have it ripen earlier. probably be worthless. If on the in his but also
mail, and can sell whenever the priceis only an expert art, a
It needs but little' experience in contrary, the pest has not appeared in { satisfactory.With man of oenological knowledge and of
the business to show how very great this section other, than in the grove me grafts set last March on practical science.-Savannah News.

a these advantages are. Large, per- mentioned it would probably vbe desirable three-year-old stocks made; a growth of -.....-- .

4; fectly formed, brilliantly colored ,for the growers by concerted from two to seven feet by October. The, Real Value of Humus.
fruit of any kind brings all. theway action to top the trees, which wouldbe Such trees should bear in four or five The American Fertilizer is the lead ,
from hundred
fifty to two per sure destroy the pest, if at the years, and when they do, I know what ing champion of commercial fertilizer -
than small and infe-
cent pale
more time
same proper precautions were the fruit will be.
men-manufacturers dealers and
'rior offerings. There is rarely or nevera taken defoliate other
to trees
of first-class fruit. This has evergreen J. agents. It js a very able journal, but .
which the It
on .pest occurs. must, Monticello, Fla.
occasionally it resembles an article of
certainly been my experience ,with however, be borne in mind that the > < acid-
fruit-peaches: ) grapes, and all kindsof pest occurs in a number of other local- A Growing Industry. superphosphate containing free
somewhat too caustic for the, health of
small fruit-and' told it
covers ities indicated above that it
morethan as so A great deal has been said about the root system. In combatting some
twenty years. would be liable to be introduced againin '
the failure of the industry in of"'the old, delusions en-
\I Fruit needs comparatively little am- time. I could ad- grape moss-grown
not give positive
monia. But phosphoric acid in the vice without examinationof Florida, but Mr. LaMontagne, of tertained by many farmers as to the '
form of bone dust or dissolved bone, the a personal Winter Park, has clearly proved that value of farmyard manuresit, frequently -
and no lack of potash in the form of region. this is a good grape and wine producing falls into the error of most scientistsin
Very truly yours, State. The latter gentlemanwho treating of agriculture as an exact
kainit;or muriate of potash there must H. WEBBER _
be, if.really fine results are to be Assistant J. is a Frenchman of culture and science when it is nothing but empiricism
looked for. More than moderate D.C.Grafting PathologistWashington refinement has his vineyards near this (we mean the term in its reputa- .
and his exhibit of bottled wines ble .
quantities of bone dust or dissolved > place sense)
bone-say, 600 pounds a year to the the Pecan. today would do honor to a big New The March number contains an article
acre-I have not found to pay; but Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: York importing wine .house. In ad- by the editor, Peacock, on
the liberal and what might have During the past four or five years i dition to his claret, sauterne, sherry Humus which treats the subject with
seemed the extravagant, use of the thousands of _pecan trees have been I and port wine, he exhibits blackberry, fairness so far as it goes, but is principally
potash manures has with me never planted in Florida and other Southern grape fruit, orange wine and brandy, confined to an elimination of
failed to give good results. Eight States. all put up in a most attractive way, some errors which are commonly held
A visitor describes thus his winery writers on this subject. The two .
hundred pounds kainit or 200 pounds As a rule, the parties buying them by
situated two miles west of Winter following paragraphs are a sample:
muriate of potash per. cre is not ex ordered simply "pecan, trees, as if
cessive yearly nourishment for strawberries there was but one variety. The more Park. The winery is 'a structure 30 x 40 "Humus is valuable as a material

or raspberries, if heavy yieldsof i discriminating, finding that there wasa feet, sheltered on four sides by veran- containing fertilizer ingredients. It is
fine fruit are expected. I believe vast difference in the quality the das. On entering the thick' double claimed, with'much show of truth, .
that even a much larger quantity could nuts, either ordered "papersheH"'pecans walled cellar where reflecting lights that it prevents loss of fertilizing ingre-
have been lit one sees long rows dients by converting them into compounds -
be profitably used., provided it is or if they were economical, up
of barrels filled with the famous insoluble in water but rendered
applied broadcast and thoroughlymixed bought fancy pecans at from fifty centsto neat ,
with the soil. one dollar a pound, and planted Florida Sauterne. The wine ages here soluble and available by the fermenta-

This is a point that, the heavy ma them with a view of raising their own three years before it 'is bottled for tion and decomposition of the humus_ 1
nurer must ever bear in mind. It is trees. shipping. By means of proper ven- that is, by destruction. Authentic

not best to apply large quantities of These trees should begin to bear, tilators the temperature lowered 15- experimental .evidence tends to prove
fertilizer. immediately around the plantor under favorable circumstances, in six or 20 degrees. that the fertilizing ingredients in humus

tree. The right way is to have it to eight years from the seed,and those Near the winery is a small l distilling have less than half the crop-producing .r x
thoroughly mixed with the soil that who fondly dreamed of big incomes plant for manufacturing fruit into power of fertilizer chemicals; also,that .

every cubic inch of the soil may be from their pecan groves are sure to brandy, such as pineapple, orange and soils heavily treated with farmyard manure -
enriched by it. Then every root and reap a larger crop of disappointmentthan grape brandies :which are all of first- suiter more from drought than .4
,rootlet,finding abundant nourishmenton of marketable nuts. About twen. class quality and. can ,compare with the same soils treated with chemical

every l and, will spread widely, ty per cent of these trees will be totally the best imported brands. This opensa manures.
and, when fruiting time comes,never or partially barren; thirty per cent new industry with the surplus fruit "The investigations as to the agri* ,
drafts made'on of the State and: to solve in the cultural value of humus are very -
dishonor ,the heavy will bear nuts too small to pay for gathering seems
them by the plant. ; forty per cent will bear ordinaryor quickest way a long heretofore puz- meagre ; strangely meagre when one, J.
and normal-sized that zling problem.The considers the immense mass of agricultural "
My experiments on grapes nuts are not very
And if of them bright shining still, the literature issued each month "..... : {
peaches have not ,been_as systematicand profitable. ten per cent copper '> Y'
long continued, but.I have ever bear nuts approximating in size to those fruit cutter, the fruit press, of the most The agricultural press and largely the .i -ii'
fond.them to respond to potash applications planted the owners may'count them. improved pattern, and all importedfrom Experiment Station editors '(particularly '. ,. ..'

most liberally, with both selves fortunate. France, attract our attention by those {In Washington) generally ,
health. of vine and tree, and large and Parties who have large pecans or their ,neatness,their mechanical features agree that humus and fertility are s :-::. .
fine increase of yield. seedlings from them to sell deny this, and especially by the immense pretty much the same thing, from :a <' ...:\-.f'. ,. .. .
farmer's point of view-and this is no J:: t... .
0. 'Y, LACKNALL.' and claim that the pecan is an exception power they can be.made to develop. -
.. ""Kittrell, Vance Co.,, N. C.- ; to the well known rule that all Another feature of the establish- doubt true. A soil rich in humus hasry' "-' .:" :; t .-:-'

a :. G .
!'< ;.---i':: ';i 1 :::.....; -- .. _. .. .. -. ,. '.T '.,,-,.".-ri..,;;>ij. <:..-.."",,.,>: --,-.:"t"....

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: 180- THE PLORIDA. Rat Arm JRurr-oIOwn. 20
: -- I MAfcCH ,
', .. .
-- --- -- ------
. ;;

r 'PUSH YOUR ORANGI-TRI S.. 'When Fertilizing for Fruit;, use .

f, \ by using

.- i -i t. V. "The. Ideal Fertilizer.!". : Ideal Fruit and: Vine Manure, .

t':. Price $27.00.GUARANTEED *
:.- ANALYSIS.. .
Per Cent..
"f _; Moisture.......................................................... 10 to 13
: Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda Blood ,GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.
!' ,' and Bone............................... .................... 4X to 5# Ammonia ........-_. 2J(to 4 per cent. ;,
j: Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone........ 4tf to 5X ....._.......- II
Available: Phosphoric Acid 6 to 8" =\i.
;'. Sulphate Potash...* .. ...............:...................11 to 13 Insoluble Phosphoric 1 to 3" '>.
..: Equh'alenttoActual Potash................................... 8 to 8 Sulphate 20 to 24.. .z.
'. Magnesium Sulphate,Lime,Calcium Sulphate,Organic Matter "
c etc........:.: ........................... ..........,..65 'to' ''O Magnesium Potash Actual, Sulphate, Chloride; Calcium Sulphate 10 to 12.
:; -. Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal; Blood. eta.'.-............ ..........V:65 to 00) "
If? Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring matter used). Made exclusively from Snlphate of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda, J '.",.
Blood,Bone, Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash. '
I*< This is a soluble, quick'actingand lasting:fertilizer. The'nitrogen .: .
coming from three different ingredients is especially Manufactured by ':-"

valuable, as all three sources are ;best to mak- .
\\f ... sulphate IItSON' & ,
ing quick growth. The potash> from. of potash
"The Fertilizer House of Florida,"
.only.T .
T Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced. JKCKSONVILLB.: FLK..

s We also have a large supply'of,the Celebrated H. J. Baker, & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.


t Write Us for Prices before- Buying., -

t II4S0N &. TOCHVTOR FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville.
t. Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime $7.00 Ton'
:...:_ per

!: .

a much greater crop-producing power 10 mm. in height, is filled with air- Inquiries and Replies. Tobacco

than a soil with little or no humus, dried soil, and the box and soil SPRAYING &c.I. .

ii provided, of course, no chemical 'fertilizers weighed. The weighed box and soilare Please write whether it is bestto -- -
1. But this fact givesno placed on a, triangle submergedjust
are usp: use a plow or cultivator or harrowin Tobacco-Seed and Fertilizer.
grounds for the extravagant state- beneath'the surface of the water
cultivating an orange grove. Florida who
If the farmers of
'ments'in the great bulk of the current in a somewhat wide vessel and allowedto claim that if one does not use a plow, grow
tobacco this make failure it
year a ,
agricultural literature. stand until fully saturated and then
but cultivator and harrow that
only a ;
will be for lack of instruc-
not printed
The editor then proceeds to consider weighed without unnecessary delay.
the feeder roots will be drawn to the tions. The latest contribution to the
and contest the claim usually set The same soils used to ,
up surface, and suffer from drouth and literature of the is Bulletin No.
by agricultural writers that soils absorb hygroscopic moisture are used in this heat of subject
sun. of the Florida Station
and retain water.in proportion to comparison. For the convenience of '38 Experiment ,
2. Also write me whether it is in- 'written F. B. with
the percentage of humus comparison the humus content and by Moodie sug
in the bloom.
considered jurious spray 0. Clute Director of the
gestions by ,
contain. This capacity is water holding capacity' volume are
In light sandy land
1. you may Station. The executionand
under two heads : First, the capacityto computed 'into ratios by dividing the typographical
the but in damp soil
use plow, heavy, but the folding .
press-work are good,
absorb moisture from the atmos- humus content into the water-holding should confine to the
phere, which is called hygroscopic capacity. It is the equivalent of stat- cultivator the roots are and trimming are tolerably bad.
as orange The however is
_.: moisture, and the capacity hygrosco- ing' the 'Iwater-holding"capacity of a forced to run near the surface, and a and matter, final, comprehensive it is

picity; second, the power to absorb soil for;each one per cent of humus.If plow'would lacerate them too much. nounced apparently on the title as that this an-
and hold the waters .of precipitationor humus has influence on the page
any 2. You do not state the kind of bulletin is a "revision of Bulletin No.
rainfall. water-holding capacity the numbers
tree or spray, so we suppose you mean with additions."
30, Every grower
the latter should
HYGROSCOPIC MOISTURE. representing vary the orange. The only insect for should send and get a copy-it is

i; The following ratios are prepared only. within narrow limits. which you need to spray into the free-from 0. Clute, Director, Lake

from the tables of soil analyses made Ratio. bloom is the thrips. For all others City, Fla. We quote the concluding
:, by Dr. E. W. Hilgard, Director of the Soil Waier Holding you'may spray after the bloom is fal suggestions : .
California Experiment Station-and Number. Humus. Capacity. len. Some washes would injure the
: write in
Many correspondents me
one of the highest authorities in this Sandy: bloom ; others would not; It would regard to tobacco growing and topics

country on soil analysis. The de- I,148.1 37 depend a great deal on the strength of connected therewith. I hope that
Sandy loam: the wash and the of the
terminations of hygroscopic moisturewere I on stage
their in the main
........... I bloom. questions are answered
all made at 15 degrees C. The I,147 53 in this bulletin. In order to
........... I .
analyses are taken from the table on 1,281 75 TIMES IN FLORBDA.R. the and the of
asking answering
.......... I W. of N. C. save
38 Hampton
: I page 76 of Dr. Hilgard's report for 47 .. Jones questions will. 'here that.the Experiment -
the year 189293., The maximum and T,I S9 ............ II! 109 writes us : "I'may undertake to come Station has no tobacco seedto

minimum for each class of soils are as Loam. : ;.. out to that State to live if I can get a to sell. As there
I ........... I hearing that times is flourishing give away or are
J follows, humus being in every instance 51 44 very parties in the State who furnish seed
100 : 1,284 .......... I 30 but there." ,
AA I have not entered this work.
,&iltlin.. Alax." Average. 1,167 ........... I 34 Times are not "very flourishing out The F. C. & P. railroad upon has furnisheda
586' ........... I 45 here," but a man of sound muscle and
Sandy 286 deal of seed free have the
798 5" 1,055 ........... I III with a good,head on him can earn his good as
Sandy loam 263 T. & K. \V. the East Coast and
1,000 494 1,115 ........... I ': 98 t bread and meat, and a few are making J. ,
Loam 288 the Plant ad-
1,186 588
: ; System. Perhaps by
Clay loam: Unless'you have a bit of
Clay loam the officials of the roads seed
2,565 .
405 1,143 1,645 ... ....,'. I 46 money to put into some line of indus- dressing
Clay 382 2,076 861 be secured
178- .......... I : 58\ try, you had better stay where you can now.
This evidence seems to be conchs 1,647..1 81' are. Pure imported Vuelta Abajo seed

ive : That the humus content of a 1,113 .......... I'" 9967 LAND ON THE EAST COAST. can be bought of the Cuban Tobacco

t soil and the capacity of the, soil for ........... I I3S Geo. F. Brown, of Chicago wants to Growers' Association, Fort Meade,
absorbing moisture from the air bear Clay: know about ]land and labor on the Fla., for 25 cents an ounce. It is =

;- very little,relation to each other. This 1,I65 .......... 'I 44 East Coast. Write to J. E. Ingraham, claimed by some that the tobacco

', <' table shows that the ratio between the 986 .......... I '47 St. Augustine, Fla. gown the first year in Florida from

,, .. humus in the soil and its hygroscopic 863 ........... I 19 .... imported Vuelta Abajo seed is not as
; 4 tit moisture varies from one to five to one 188 ........... I 23 The shipments of fresh,fish from Indian good as that grown from seed of the

-' :to eleven. 110 ........... I.. 31 river for the year 1895 aggregated Vuelta Abajo which has been grown in

;_:. CAPACITY FOR HOLDING RAINFALL. 68 ........... i.. 40 2,573.3l8 pounds. valued at $37,657. Florida for one or more years. Of

F,,1. 676 .......... I 31 The turtles numbered 510,aggregating this I cannot .speak from experience,

_- ':"determining. : 643 ..... ...- I. 45 18,090 pounds,. valued at $1,220. but I know that the Cuban tobacco

.. "'. s''is this: A circular brass box with I! 506' ........... I 61 There were ,084 bushels of oysters, growers at Fort :Meade had a remarka

;;'"*:};: perforated bottom! containing exactly 789 ........... .1. 87 which yielded 42,588 pounds of meat, bly fine crop grown: in 1896 from, imported

f> ;'25 cc. and holding a column of soil 17 .......... 1 ,.153 and was valued at $2,115. I seed."i .. : -

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be American obtained of grown the Sumatra Owl Cigar seed Company can- FQtlmel' Tirucker LJL KILLS CP ATI?

: Quincy, Fla, It is believed by .
many that the American grown Suma- Subsoil Plowing a Protection -- ri\WNW'
tra seed produces a finer and better Against Drouth. I HBIP4JUIGLtVOTUnOll) THRIP JUICE
flavored tobacco than the imported Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.

Sumatra seed.Correspondents. .. Before this reaches the people the ') Is Strongly Concentrated, and'when
often ask about. land intended for corn will-generally ,I I : ,Dilated as Directed, it makes
fertilizers for tobacco. On this head, 1.i
have been broken, and it will therefore \ probably the Cheapest Insecticide
in addition to what :Mr. Moodie says be too late to subsoil for the in the World.
in the body of the bulletin, I would present season. I. ,

i- say that commercial fertilizers are But the subsoiling can be done in ... ..KAU I! OK r..r OMMCt Used in Florida for 13 Years.
widely and successfully used for the detail whilst cultivating the crops as'ollows ;peel,1 Oirtciiore'y ,....
growth of tobacco. The compositionof : ;.".':'r'r"r._. ......... ..= 'r.t.r.. .. _
:::-:::: !ot=;; :"U .
the fertilizer and the amount to While the is small : :s. & H. B. lIARSIIGeneral
corn or even J.:. c:":l':.,... !! Agent,
apply per'acre can hardly be given in before it comes throw the dirt fromit @ "
exact terms unless one knows the with a turning plow. Then followin ,- .......\t.I: =-- ... Oknhumka (Lake.Co.), li'ln.ir .
character'of the soil and the uses to the same furrow with ai: plow of .M M O.m,a I....u... ..,; Sold by many merchants.

which it has been previously put. In proper construction, and if run several MAKES 100 HAMMOND'S SLUG SHOT WORKS,
order to'aid inquirers as much as pos- times in each furrow so much the FISNKitt-ON-RUDSON, IEW YORK.
sible an chemist and practical ; ''
expert better. Thus continue until' all the
agriculturist has prepared for me the ground between the rows is thoroughly
formula given below. The ingredients broken. This plowing should be_ doneas He then cultivated in the usual way should be strewn liberally in the drill
mentioned can be bought from early in the season as circumstanceswill all that came up, but did not replantthe with the corn. Cultivate the corn
all dealers in fertilizers.' The mixing admit of. The clay should, not missing places. Where there wasa thoroughly soon after each rain untilin
should be done on a dry floor -a few be so turned as to be exposed to the missing stalk* the adjacent stalks early roasting ear. '
days before the fertilizer is used. sun late in the season. But it can did not appear to be, any better. In BRYAN TYSON.
be the fall he gathered off his acre 149 Carthage, N. C.Pruning. ".
FERTILIZER MIXTURE advantageously broken late in the
bushels and two of 1 -
to be,applied, per acre, in tobacco season, if 'properly covered with other quarts Tomatoes. "
growing, to light, sandy soils, havinga There was a 'drouth that fired corn
soil.The There is probably no other
fair supply of humus : acid phosphate and kainit are badly, cultivated in the usual way, ble in cultivation that has received vegeta-
acid principally employed to push the but the above corn though thick, as
pounds phosphate
250 ((12 per peas. much attention as tomatoes, althoughit
be kept green to the ground and flourished
cent), Consequently they can employedas
iSone of the last that has been in
250 pounds high.grade sulphate of late as the isth of May, preferably throughout the dry weather. troduced., There are two reasons for
potash. by scattering jn a zig-zag over a spaceof ANOTHER PLAN.
pruning tomatoes. ,The first is, to
400 pounds cotton seed meal (de- about four feet between the cornrows :Manures produced on the farm are bring the earliest fruit in earlier than
corticated). and plowing in. good, but the quantity is insufficient- would be done without pruning. The
This mixture should analyze approx.. Subsoil plowing is usually done by there cannot be enough produced. I, second is, to develop the fruit to its
i imatety follows : a plow of suitable construction that therefore, suggest the use of com- fullest extent. The earliest form of
Phosphoric acid, 4.70 per cent. follows in the furrow made by a turn mercial fertilizers on a plan that will pruning was to remove all the side
Potash, 14.70 per cent ing plow. The better plan, however, doubtless yield large profits, and shoots and then train the plant 'up to
Nitrogen, 3.20 percent.If is for the subsoil to be properly while yielding said profits will also the main stem or vine, as it is usually
it is desired to prepare,i ton of the attached to the stock of the turning raise the land to a higher state of called; this being either tied to a' '
above mixture, use .the 'quantities of plow, operating when thus constructed fertility. stake or fastened to a trellis. While
the materials employed, designated immediately behind said plow. After the land has been prepared as this does much toward producing'good a
below : This plan will save a hand, and has above, three hundred pounds-of acid crop, it does very little in the
555 Ibs. acid phosphate ((12 per cent). other important advantages.If phosphate and four hundred poundsof way of bringing the crop in earlier.
555 Ibs. high grade sulphate potash. ground be thoroughly broken to kainit should be broadcasted, per From experience it has been proven
890 lbs cotton seed meal. a proper depth it will absorb and acre, in lieu of the muck, etc., and that the earliest tomatoes can be forced
retain a sufficiency of rain water to i plowed under shallow about three to ripen a week or even two weeks
2,0001bs. virtually render it drouth proof; provided weeks before
planting. Double said earlier than where the tomatoes have
y When soils are known to be defi- that a thorough system of cultivation quantities can be safely and profitablyused. not been topped. By topping or cut
cient in humus, as a result of long and be employed connectiontherewith. ting out the terminal bud at just be.'
continued cultivation, without receiv- Experiments with steam In early spring the ground shouldbe low the second cluster of blossom,
ing proper fertilizer treatment, the plowing in England have shown that laid off into rows for eight feet before the first cluster has begun to
quantity of cotton seed meal recommended ground can be advantageously brokento apart,.preferably in line with the sun open, the growing force is thrown into -
the depth of from three to four feet.
above to be applied, per acre, at two o'clock. This may look wide, the first cluster.. It is not at all un
... may be increased from one-fourth to Corn roots have been traced by Professor but our objective point is to improvethe common, under such treatment, to .
one-half. Where fresh hammock soils : Mapes to the depth of five feet. land and raise fair crops ,while so have this cluster produce from five to
e are to be .employed in growing to- But sixteen inches may be regarded as doing. A coulter or other suitable seVen berries and all of these ripen at
bacco, the quantity of nitrogen recom- a suitable depth for ordinary practical plow should be run several times in nearly the same time. While the crop
mended above may be reduced one- plowing.A said furrows thus preparing a loose is much smaller than it would have
half and can best be applied in the LARGE YIELD OF CORN. bed for the corn. The corn should been as a whole, if no topping had

forms either of nitrate of soda, or sulphate Some years ago an agricultural cornraittee ,- then be dropped one grain eight occurred, the earlier crop comes in
of ammonia as a substitute for 'of Buncombe County, N. C., inches apart in the drill. so much earlier that it more than compensates .
r the cotton seed meal. Where this with a view of seeing who could AU! ,perfect fertilizers contain as a for the loss in quantity.

change is made, employ about 180 grow the most corn per acre, staked basis, nitrogen, phosphorus and Pruning should not be carried too
pounds per acre of the former, 145 of off an acre each for a number of potash. As a general thing all plants far, however, as the leaf surface of the J

r the latter. contestants, N. W. Woodfin beingone except those belonging to the legume plant must be sufficient to assimilate ....
.. of them. The land selected was family, such as clover, cow peas, the crude material that is absorbed,by
Not long since it was the boast of,a generally old field. Mr. Woodfin beans, vetches, etc., require nitro: the roots. If the leaf surface is too
man not a hundred miles away that subsoiled his acre, crossed and re- gen in the soil. The nitrogen is usu- small, so much absorbed matter wjll
he had a mind,to bring a considerable crossed until it was thoroughly brokento ally administered direct by nitrate of be sent to them that the tissues and =
number of razorbacks and the depth of sixteen inches. soda, dried blood, cotton-seed meal, cells become swollen and unable to
turn them loose i in,, the neighbor- He then applied five hundred two- and so on. Arid phosphate and perform their functions. It should always .
hood and defy any man to shoot or horse loads of muck, fifty loads of kainit contain respectively the needed be kept in mind that we want to .
molest, them; and he knew what he barn yard manure, and 140 phosphorus and potash, but little or check further growth of the stem and .,
was talking about. On nearly all pounds of guano; but as there was no nitrogen. Corn requires nitrogenin further formation of fruit, but not in
,topics of interest people can talk freely i a,small hill to pull up, the loads, of addition to phosphoric acid and terfere with the production of leaf .,..
: but when it comes to talk; of hogs, muck were proportionately small. potash. Stable- manure is a perfect surface; so the mere removing of buds -'
a they must talk,with,bated breath, and These fertilizers were then turned fertilizer, containing all three of said and flower clusters will be the pruning -
perchance'look about to, see who allis under lightly. He then laid off into elements. Now in order..to supply the desired. The extent to which ,
i in the, company or in hearing dis- drills three feet apart and dropped, corn with nitrogen, stable manure, pruning can be-carried will depend
,. .tance. .Oilando'.Reporter.': cornone' grain, seven inches'' a part.t guano, or other\ nitrogenous'manure, largely upon the variety, condition,oT:, :_'
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S1.II .
. the weather and kind of land. A, the ,burden perpetually? Why not ,'!?

4 -variety, during dry-weather and place 'the burden of caring for the unemployed HOME GROWN Strawberries on Ice. '

on poor, dry soil,can be pruned much either ,as prisoners or de -- The celebrated T. &T. Strawberry Refrigerators

more severely, than a largegrowingvariety pendents, upon those'who reaped the are tho universal favorite of Florida

' during the rainy season, on fruit of their labor when it was employed Pineapple Slips growers. Perfected after years of experi :

fertile land;; m fact, the latter willscarcely ? Some one,certainly, was benefitted ence. Give good service for good fruit.

permit any pruning-From by their efforts during tHeir previous and Suckers .. TRUBY &.THOMAS

a Ro'fs' Vegetable Growing the South employment. The fact this great Of the- Starke, Florida.
Following VarietiesRol
for Northern .:Markets.. army is now in distress and obliged '

seek alms, shows that tit did not shareto SALE J. STMKIiER SEED EB., iWrt.!

T Getting Rid of Stumps. any great degree the prizes of its : MARY T. FROTSCHER, President,

Editor Farmer and'Fruit.Grower: conquest. It is needless to say who ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN Successors to .

Several of my neighbors, not wishing has carried off these prizes. The story QUEEN GOLDEN QUEEN Richard FrotJch r's Grader Street Branch Store,
to have the annoyance which is told! plainer than words can express RIPLEY; Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St,New Orleans, I a.

stumps left in cleared lands will naturally by the palatial structures of every great QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER Garden Importers Seeds.and Grasses dealers clover in Flower bulbs, ,Field seed and potatoes

cause, have been practicing a, city in the Union. The farmer reapedno NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. and fruit trees in their season, Conducted

; ,"Yankee trick," which works well and part of these great fortunes, and i is Apply to ". by through relatives Richard of the late Frotscher's Richard: manual Frotscher.of 1896 Order or

may be of benefit to your readers. in no way responsible for this widespread G. 0. MATTHAMS send for one free.

Some of the colonist ,settlers engaged distress. The, ,law that added ,

colored laborers to dig about'the.. trees millions upon millions; to the property Florida Pineapple: Company, T

and stumps, cutting the tap root low. of the city has added nothing to the Or to _

enough to be out of the waY'of the farm;. every dollar that came to the HADDOCK & MATTHAMS, When you

plow; in'some cases they burned them farmer's coffers the tillage ,
came through West Palm plant seeds plant
; Fla ,
,. out .digging: a hole outside the
taproot of the soil,and not through the collection

and,filling in with a quantity of of rents. With, the single ex!

dry wood and burning them ,out. ception of having to bear the burdens FARM TALKS. FERRYSAlways

Either of these ways is laborious.. placed upon him by the law of,civilization Finding Out How The Thing Works
t[ Others employed a stump machine, the, farmer lives today just as Jones Since I was here last I have A the best. '
I which took out *the trees,and stumps the savage lives;by exchanging human' been reading and been thinking. :.
For Bale
". in,a neat manner, but'was ,expensive. i efforts for Nature's gifts. His wealth Smith-And your thinking, I presume, everywhere.
has evolved D. M. FERRY & CO., \
The method now employed sim at the end of each is measuredsolely something practical. '
k year Jones-I do not know; I was reading Detroit. Mich.FAIRVIEW ,
pIe and cheap. Take a two inch by his individual efforts; if he that in Kansas they were burning corn >

auger and have the .blacksmith has not sown, he shall not reap. He for fuel. ,
lengthen: the hank by welding on a I has kept strictly within the Biblicallaw 1 Smith-And because the transportationon 1.< -

?-"* piece of half inch iron about three feet t while paying an excessive tribute! corn and coal was so heavy that it was ., -

with a shank about four feet long. sands of millions of dollars placed to Jones-Just so. I thought if transpor+

Now- you are ready for business. the credit of tariff beneficiaries and fatten rates had been such as to have givena jit

Bore a hole through the tree or stump, town-lot boomers without even so muchas profit of five cents on a bushel of corn, .Choice

beginning ;at the base and bore down- a protest; and nowhe is asked to it would not have been burned; and i if I y
''', wards, holding, the shank at an angleof make free the rates on coal had been such as to
a foundlings' asylum out of f make it cheaper than corn, .coal would Pineapple "
forty five degrees. This will putthe his farm in order to rid the city of its have been burned in place of corn. .

"- -4 *' hole one foot or more under the unemployed classes. This is askingtoo Smith-yes indeed., And the railway Plants '

: ground, owing,of course to the thickness : ,much-it goes beyond re son- companies would have had ,the job o f .tl i
of the tree or stumps. Now dig; The Gentleman Farmer.Government shipping the unturned corn to the sea +.

'' down'to the.auger hole, a small holeI ..... t 1t the 1 board farmer., and the coal from the" mines. to FO .SALE. .1KJ i

one foot,square, will be sufficient I Free Seeds. Jones-And the miners of the coal ,
place a few"fat" splinters in position. The free seed distribution humbug would have had work, and the railway Smooth Cayenne!II! Home Grown, !II! -;*|

Touch a match to them and watch the has had more attention bestowed 1 1f 1t hands would have had more employment, f 1
result. The fire will draw it the nand eleVators would have been used and ABBAKA PLANTS I "
throughthe by press of the country., duringthe > warehousemen in demand A SPECIALTY. .
and the families
auger hole, begin on the sap if f past two weeks than had fallen "to of these workmen would be better- 4- ... 9..

j the tree is green, and burn a large tree its share hitherto. All papers' unanimously i fed and make a greater demand on the F. N. PRICE, ,'j
.; .. t in from twenty-four to thirty-six hours.' condemn it as a direct violation products of the farmer ,
t. One.must watch!that the soot does not of good l law, and a wide road Smith-But we are told that theso railway P. 0.Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.

.clog up the auger hole and thus present which opens out the way to the further companies have already made concessions -- Y

,'Y ; a"draft. In this way a man will 1 and more costly taxing of all the peoples until and they are now on the, ragged fire began to burn staff, and the staff be. :
.. "! edge most of them are in the gan to beat the kid, and the kid began to
{ bore about as many trees Jn'a day as [ the benefit of a few-a very few- hands of receivers. go,:the ox started the whole caravan. '3
',he ,would chop down, do it much of the people. No honest citizen, understanding Jones-Bat I do not see the officers of Smith Very probably,fair transportation !

Easier, ,-and);the stump is a thing of the the subject, would give these roads on the ragged. edge nor going rates and just stock laws in Florida, i

._.J' past.. Free Seed Distribution his suppgrIt's into bankruptcy.Smith and the adoption of more just rates,pray i
Nor do
salaries decrease, tically tho same rates the Western fanner
D. D. SWARTLEY', true that to the great public it is a nor do they cease to ride in special Pullman l i: enjoys-and getting out from under the e.
Green Cove Springs, Fla. very small affair. But the question is trains with their families and friendsat crop lien and getting into the ways of ,

,, .'. not one of size; it is one of principle; a very considerable cost to the eom pa t- diversified and intensified farming by the '
Tramp' Labor on Country Road of the right against the wrong; of thdoing' nies. Southern farmer,-all these would make '
Jones-But I was not thinking of that t good times in the South at least.
There is no reason, beyond that of away of a law which is so abs 'I of ;
was thinking the that Jones I like the
crops every suggestion of the
.'ri the. broadest stretch of charity, why lutely misapplied, so grotesquely dis. year rot on the ground in the South which Ruralist of the forming of Southern :'
-.,'- ?<:-. ,R the farm should furnish either food or forted, and so evidently manipulated if shipped North at more than twice what farmers' clubs. Results may be expected '
-J-S*>."-'--:TT"'..:<-'**'- : shelter to the modern tramp. He is to curry favor, as to call aloud for i its is charged for as perishable goods, would from united action. 'J'
Mft.3*' =_ '- strictly the product of the city, and intime" swift repeal. find a ready market the Northern cities, Smith-I was reading that the gross
.-if r and,make a success of the years trucking earnings of the railways of the United ,
f: of prosperity I to Would Congress dare appropriay
gave no,thought te that is now frequently a failure. States for the year ending June 80 l
': =--f:. :either,the farm or its occupant Wh $ISO, OO for a hit or miss distribution 'Smith-And a solution of the hard were more that two million dollars more
-; _i-::':: ":.then,-should he turn to the farm in_his of any other mercantile commodity? times question to the extent of much more than they were the preceding year, and }

..'...:._ :Ji, -;hquf of 'distress, ? The farm has furnished Tom, Dick and Harry, well to-do citizens ; goods sold, that much more business for the expenditures were nearly six million*
':t F.. ; the railroads, that much more labor employed dollars less than in 1894.
",. :: no tramps-whyr then, should it able to pay, nine-tenths of themfor ;
!Jj" ?; ".;;'beexpected,to shelter them?' There is that which they received? And that much more' ,money in circlatton. i- Jones doubt-And have a increased redaction their of rates wouldno

.;r :t; _(certainly no political alliance betweenthese further, use,the United States mail to ',Jones-;.Yes,it seems to me that right] at a very little increased cost.gross earnings -
.:;: ;:'Y1' :: two.-elements; they have no i in- frank the goods through to the recipi here in the South is one of the best placesto : Smith-I read one Michigan road has
.r::> 'tereits in common. The tramp's pres- ents. Emphatically-No; Then why start up "the good times business" of by a little competition reduced a $40.00

.- -it!';, .:''eccejipon. the,farm adds no Value to should the seedsmen of the, country, anywhere Smith in the whole country. per car rate to $17.00. I suppose that if
-Probably making effective the $17.00 did not '
,:-ii} ';i:. ,.itj;: 'icyobo1 of them 'upon a section of wholesailers and retailers, be discriminated rulings of railway commissions where haul at that rate.pay them they would not '

}7 ; ,; wheat or:corn land would not add one: : against? Is'.this, justice? is they exist, establishing them where Jones-Where there ia competition
",.'' '-.1.> 'i idt* to its.value, unless the, owner.laidIt. thiS right ? they do not, would help start the ball there is certainly need of a commission -
:.' -_ ....,...: Of in town,'lots arid. commenced- .toYhy .. I rolling. that will not permit, the charging twice sin
> { Jones-lake the old nursery story' as much, for ,hauling .one-third the, distance i -.
XAieiei instead
: wheat.
1 ;, ; of. tic Never did the hotels do such business
which the
ox began to drink water andthe the
on same
: line safe: cliarged forth
,' :: '"'-.- ;," eJi'iiahoald'he.,, : be/expected. to'bear- ,as.they have \this winter, ,water began to quench fire; ;and' the whole dfetefic .-Sotithern KunOi .

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the cocks, and let the hens have unlimited -I' Selection of Males. nuuiuiituiitntuuniuuiiiiittiiuiiiiiiniinuutttuiu] ut

Poultry..Edited range till i it becomes time tope Some new information Is obtained every ;

...,.-..,__ _. year in methods of making the farm j -l
------------------------------ --- them up again for breeding pur-
and in branch has there been
-< ,,4 by 8. S.DeLANOT, Apopka, Pla. poses. Also give the young chicks pay greater, progress no than in the poultryyard.Much _I 21 STYLES. rpa i.g ,

- that he intends to keep as wide a range of the success depends upon the BEST and CHEAPEST. i cI

; ', ,Money for Farmers in Poultry.In as possible, When September comes selection the males of the flock, to I Catalog-no and fall treatise spraying fruit g i
chicken claim the again, buy new cocks and start as be- which too little attention has been given.In I and vegetable crops mailed free. Address ,3 J
raising we | .
the first place, no males are wantedfor WM. STAHL, QUINCY,ILL.
4 "most.essential points are : The per fore. simply egg production. The hens imnniiiuiiiniiiiuiuuiiiiiuiiiuiiiiiuHiiinutiiiHuiiniiiiHnt, ? ,"f<

.3 son-he must have a genuine love for 9 will produce. as many eggs and the eggs 7

3, y .all. kinds. of animals. Second, patience Notes on Chicks will keep longer where males are not allowed -J J 4J

: ,- not afraid ,of work, watch Numerous points enter into the care to run with the hens. In the pro :ifJ ifj
duction of for the following
small details cleanliness and good :of chickens. In Farm ,Poultry some suggestions eggs by the hatching Farm,and,Firesideare -;j

:' 4 blooded stock right from the beginning of these points are noted by M. K.. of great importance, and should receive .,

i. ', says R. Y., Cadmus, Mich.,. in Boyer, who whites : careful attention: ..... '" ," .1
, t "First, never use'a male that is relatedto *
f, Farm,N ews. Hard' boiled when fed
eggs, regu-
} I We are a firm believer that a farmer larly, will produce bowel troubles. will the render hens.such Get an one impossibility.from a'source"Next that, FARMING DON'T PAYS 1 1So

can make more from flock of says Jones:and he resolves to become a"manu
; money
should be do'not male that used last
Charcoal given daily to use a was year. facturer." He
buys a fence machine a "county 1
w bred chickens than he' can from chicks.. Some are at times induced to use a supe- right"etc.. and starts in to compete with steam and '. j.
any-other'farm animal, at ,about one- rior male the second year, but males are ,capital. His" neighbor Smith invests same amount .-"sIn '-
have "feeders, thus realizing a good price for his ,
must grit. too to resort to such birds. The
re' tenth of the cost and one-half ,of ,the plentiful enriching his farm and enabling him to"lift the mort

r ,care that he gives his other farm:;ani Lettuce is the best kind of greens male One hatched should be not at least later ten than months last Apnl old. the gage"wall.and" fence with Page, while Jones "goes to ;'I'"

male He need not 'work one-half so for young chicks. may be used with the hens in February. PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich. i

hard, but,he must be ,particular about No one should be allowed to smokea With him use, hens, not pullets. If the -, --- 11IIiFORIITIOIi

.. the one principal point, namely, cigar or pipe in the incubator! room, Hock consists of pullets, procure a male
.cleanliness. as tobacco smoke is Injurious to a that will be two years old this spring,but G 0 L D'I .
which was not in use last year. If such Worth it's Weight In
With the price of one fair team of hatch. '
cannot be obtained, then procure a male For your name and address on a postal card,wel
:horses, 'namely, $200, he can buy a Keeping old fowls near, the brooder that is" not less than a year ,old. The will tell you bow tomahethe best wire fence
6n earth,
'good breeding incubator erect a farmers who carefully select their best ,est hhu thwhilesaleco.inapre
pen, house is quite apt to ,bring lice to the Diff-tiKht '
good warm building, etc. And at !the latter. laying hens from which to raise pullets, Kltselman. Bro. 9_ Box, .Ridg.- .evlI.le- .._, In..d... i
and then mate them with scrub males -- -- '
this \
'end of of
two out breeding
years, -
We believe in turning eggs in the are I legion. To point- out how importantthe
pen he will be able to make more incubator twice, a day-that is every male is, we will state that if a Houdan R MONEY MAKER i ithe

money,than he ever will be able to do twelve hours. or Dorking male is mated with a flock of thrifty industrious benJUl about Jier '1
with his team of horses, with a great mixed hens, every chick will have five and how to make money from poultry in
saving of labor and feed, giving chickens Do not keep the'young chicks with toes, demonstrating the influence of 100 Now page Poultry;t>rinted In Guide colon;bert for plans for :;1:
% ducklings. The 'latter pollute the the sire, as the fifth toe is one peculiarityof Bonltrr houses;lure remedies and l1I i tlll... ..!
f same care he has the horses. for diseases Bent for 15o.if yon write now. ;;
Our advice to farmers is :- Get 100 water and soon get the brooder in a the breeds named. Take a dozen hens 4P; JOSH BiUSJHIS .,Box 31,freeport,HI, }
of Brahma Cochin Rock
Plymouth or
bad mess. Keep each variety separate. !
White Plymouth Rock hens, cross other breeds and mate them with a Leghorn ,*;

them with Cornish Indian game or ; nearly every chick will be of the irrrrrrrSMOKEY I

Leghorn cocks, allowing one' cock to Brown eggs can hardly be safely markings peculiarities of the Leghornso
tested before the seventh oay. 'Vh te- strongly as to almost show no pace of :
each ten hens. This cross is for mar MEAT WITH, =
the blood of the dams. There is no advantage -
ket purposes alone; also insuring fertility shelled eggs can be examined on' the then, -in selecting choice hens I: K ERS LIQUID txTRAcf r SMQKECIRCULAR.E.KRAUSERABRD.l41lIOH.m.
ot eggs during cold weather. ; fourth day. for producing good layers unless a care- r r

After September the, farm work isI I Rolled oatst pinhead oatmeal and ful selection is also made of the male,and ..:.
canary seed for of the after the hatching season is over he is as .t.tS
all done except,the regular routine of .are good part useless .as 'he was previously valuable. Uup.ToDAT"DBIYPU400

attending to farm stock. The hens diet of young chicks. When pullets are to be hatched, the determination .{

are'confined in colonies. The farmer Flocks of fifty are better than)flocksof should be to improveon their 1v

.,has ,nothing to do but watch them 100. Chicks cannot stand over dams, if possible. The use of scrub males, =
and wholesome or those that are cross-bred,is a backward ,
food and
give good than fowls 'u
crowding more can.
any step. Too much attention, cannot be 117.00 outfit for&001
water. With proper care he shouldbe Remember that in making the estimate given to the breeding of the chicks paid Will in spray a 10-acre
use. Satisfaction
flay. 75,000
able to get from twenty-five tQ fifty for your broiler house; whether for pullets or for market andthe per teed of money refunded. Ill'I'd Catalogue guzt&n and
day for hatching precautions used to secure choice Treatise on Spraying free. Ae'ts wanted. Ex
eggs per purposes. Be sure that thermometer is
your elusive territory given. Rapid sellers. Manyof
chicks at this will result in
Now start up a zoo-egg incubatorand correct. Many an incubator has been season larger our agents are making from f 10 to 115 per dar
profits at the end of the year. P.0.LEWIS MFU. CO.,Dos td,CaUtUI X.Y.
keep running from Septemberto blamed for poor hatches when ,the 4.>!...

April. With proper care of his thermometer was the, faultDon't Farm News says: "Wastefulness of -
machine he should be able to hatch one kind or another is the great curse of 40 WEST BAY STREET.
from 700 to rooo chickens. It depends rely on moisture gauges the majority of non-profitable farms. Di1 W-V. ONNAhhY-De.nlist.
deal the' ofeggs hygrometers. Let the condition of We waste time and land in attempting to .
a on
great fertility
the air-cell in the egg be the guide. cultivate more land than we can possibly "
to the amount of chicks he Dental University
as ( Department .
Keep the chicks busy. Lightly manage; we waste our grain on scrub- of Maryland ) -
may.bring oft'each hatch. Begin selling stock we waste the fertility of our soils
litter their pens with chaff and scatter ; Bridging and Crowning a Specialty: and all other
same in March and sell to August. by bad culture; we waste the barnyard work done under the most modern methods.
s millet it. Exercise
They should, average in weight about canary or among manure and then waste money for com- im Residence 304 West Ashley Street.

6. each. The market ,is a good tonic. mercial fertilizers; we allow the nitrogenof
pounds average
during these months will be Do 'not water the chicks, in the the air to go to waste because we do '
price not grow clovers'and peas to get it into :
until after they'have been lorida
about twelve cents. He will 'make morning the soil; we waste so many opportunitiesto 'T "

from $350 to $600. Not counting fed.Have add to our income, because ewe are too Lands ."<" ":,", '

anything for broilers, he would be able half-inch wire mesh stretched busy to trifle with such little things as '.<>'-; ,,$'.,

..k to sell at a price ranging from 15 to 40 from sill to sill, and boards over that, hens ,and bees, fruits and berries; we Oranges r-::r,. -_,: ':. .z
for the house floor. That will buy. expensive machinery and then wasteit :. = .
cents per pound, according to the sea-! poultry by neglect; we buy thoroughbredstock ; :,"" _.7" .: : ,:-."
son of the year. make it rat proof. and waste it by giving it only half Jesorts :-t" .-... -:- $,'... <

He, must not charge up anything : 1 care: we waste our time in growling instead ; :: :.1

for food or labor. The hens will paytheirownIeed Says ,the Farm Journal : "A very of working" This is more true of investments[ sDevelopments : '
the Southern than of other farmer. ..' iit": Ji; ; ':
any .
bill in' from,April simple method of curing the in r
eggs gapes < ;, ': :
\ \ ,fk. ; i
l. to September. ,His labor is nothing chicks, and one that is successful_ in Our navy is becoming the laughing : : :: ;" :;

for he has no other work to ,do. We the hands of some persons, is to pinch stock of the Nation. It has to keep near I :, ..-._:;:NW-tt -,$ ,'J-::. _-..,
would like to,ask a farmer if he, can the windpipe. With the left hand shore to be secure. Let us hope for a AttractionsAddriff :::"," '; ;

foal'an',ordinary team and"equal this hold the head of the bird up and the, more efficient Navy Department. under ". ,..r"*3'->-.;$&?, r..,

by a sale of'their colts in the first two neck straight, and with the thumb and the new administration.. G. D. ACKERLY, ,_' "3-,.,,..."....".":'" -;-:!--:"40'i. ". '''.':

,years. finger of the right hand pinch the Pine tar is better for the hen-house than C CCNtNAl.PASSCMCCR ACCNT, ::';:- ,:;. -' ,-:, ;:-.-.:: ,,

Every second year hatch through windpipe smartly, slightly rolling it. coal tar, being more repugnant to lice and THE TROPICAL TRUNK LlUE, '., ,; \ >." ... ;

April end May for the purpose of getting Begin as low down possible and such. Boil it with a.little rosin while hot JACKSONVIUC.FLORIDA. -. .:;;.-.l--- ,-.t-.::--, ,. -;;::;.,

new stock. Now after the hatching -, follow it up to the: mouth. Be care and give the roosts a good coating of it. ---- -i: r) /t.: ;
1893 and 1896 the ,
season! is through,with, and it becomes I fulto release it frequently to give the the value of farm stock was 1623,000- ; '7: .

< : time, for the farmer: to go bird a chance to cough up the para- 000, With the exception of horses,. a Never add eggs while thei'hatch"iSprogressing. >t,<-. .""":F'

W :OB. 'with.his otherfarniwork, : kill off all, sites., .., change, for the better.has begun. .' '. _!' '0 : c
.' .
; 4. ..- .. ".. $ -. .. ... .'-., .-.. .' -- -. '- / -7;. :
,Iiif" \ > ;
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V ., to. -: 3 ,,::.. .. ..... .", .
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fr fi .' :F. "-'h--d.7' : #' ;,..- < ., ',.... '"'-,

... .."' ,j! "' t' ;p ...'" ."kT 'i'r; -'' ''Y, .,.. ,..,b,;_ -. "'i t1'W: '. -- -4\\, <:" "<' '-.ty .
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t 184f:' : '- 0 I THE''FLORIDA= FABMER AND F13tTI -GtROW13R. MARCH. 20,

': : State News. Our RuraI: Home. .. ,
- - - - - -
- - - -
A It Pays.
M. Loeb has in his
orange grove on '
Palatka We commend to the thoughtful consideration -
Heights forty seedling orange
of wives and mothers who are in-
trees in full bloom that have come from
clined to think they have a mission out-
,sprouts since the-freeze of two years side of the" home the following thoughtsby
ago. Mr. J. W. Wheeler in the American

r The following i is the daily shipmentfor Agriculturist: A
Keep the children together; make the CARRIERS
the past week for Plant City alone : evenings so pleasant that the boys will

Friday night, March 5, and Saturday not even think of spending them away The
t : morning, 32 refrigerators and 'several from the home. Have good newspapersand Standard of Excellence.

open crates ; Saturday night, 15 refrigerators other periodicals; with these the Send for Catalogue and Prices from First -Hands?
evenings will never drag: After the wee
; Monday night, 42 refrigerators ones are bed begin the literary ex- 5ouTI(SirAmn; Co. PET RSBUIW r\,
and several open crates ; the ercises. While the mother sews or knits ,

total number of quarts for this day the others may take turns in reading -' .. ,- .,, ., .. "- .
about 3,100 ; Tuesday night, 19 refrigerators aloud from the papers,magazines or some
interesting book. A good dictionary and
; Wednesday night, 33 refrigerators -
atlas to look up. obscure words or unknown mean? It certainly that the and
; Thursday night, 26 re- means young by nervous overworked people, or
places should be close at hand. people raised under these conditions,and those who take too little bone-forming
E Other within four
, frigerators. points Could anything be more entertaining or who have better instincts in them-and material in their food. Doctors are now
and five miles of Plant City are shipping instructive? I wish that all parents would there are sure to be such-will get away advocating the use of phosphoric acid in

fully as many berries as we are.- lee the importance of providing their and into a more congenial atmosphere the cases of gravel or formation of calculi in
Courier. children with good, pure, interesting very first opportunity.That the kidneys and bladder. There is no
r reading, amusing games, and where any there such home
are any surroundings reason why one should use the high-
r The strawberry shipping season for talent is manifest; some musical instru in the
country is mostly due to the priced substances said to be formed from
Plant City is now at its height. Never ment. Keep the young people interested, men. When the garden and the home 'fish brains." A mixture of diluted
. before have such quantities of the delicious busy and within your reach; idle hands surroundings are treated as an after- phosphoric acid and glycerine will answer -.
l berries left our town. Never and brains are prone to go astray. The thought the pigs are very,apt to be found the purposes. We use 310 drops.
,_ before have pickers.been so much in cost of these is small compared to the working ,up to the front door. Usually dilute phosphoric acid and 310 drops of
sorrows that may come if you neglect to everything in the live stock line is then standard glycerine mixed in a four-ounce
t /demand; never before have commis- make the home bright and attractive. It less at
more or large. Planting trees to bottle of thick sugar syrup. Five tea-
sion men been so prominent on our pays every time.A beautify and give grateful shade should, spoonfuls will make 300 drops which is
z streets, and never before have somany i under such circumstances, be considered close enough. One teaspoonful of this
refrigerator boxes been stackedup Reformed Husband. out of the question; for the calves run syrup mixture in a little water three
I the ning loose would regard the trees as times a day is "good medicine" for those
on our depot platforms.Vith The Indiana Farmer has had several placed for their benefit in exercising their troubled with gravel or those generally
heavy shipments forward, and with Prize essays on the methods of training! capacity, and so would proceed, and the "run-down."

the advance in express rates, prices husbands. They have borne fruit, as .I horses would give co-operation, looking =....- ,.
have dropped way down, and not- will be seen by the confessions of one of to tree destruction by tree-barking and
withstanding all the hustle and activ the; husbands who subscribes himself Ike biting.It Farmers Clubs.
Perkins. We commend it to other hus- will rarely, if ever, occur that the These have increased rapidly in the past
:,r ity the growers of the berries will receive bands: wife or daughter will be indifferent to this year in several States. Farm News truth-

Y but poor compensation for their I am glad you are trying to teach us part of the service in the country part fully says that where. a dozen or more '
hard labor.-Plant City Courier. husbands how to behave ourselves, and that should be planned for just as muchas fanners regularly meet for an informal
J. H. Datum is putting out fifteen believe you have done my wife's husband any other. Considered thus, it will discussion of the business of their life, we
\. of velvet beans the Cochran some good at last. It's not so bad a case come out all right; and, when not so considered may confidently look for an improvementin
acres on as that described by Mr. J. C. at his the garden will come in, as it too the condition of that whole farming
place. It is said that this bean is the home. I never use tobacco in any form, often does, at the end of thq work, if at community, for the farmers' clubs like
best crop yet known for groves. It is but I have been too careless about make all, when it is pretty sure to be weed-pos every similar organization, has an influence -
. ,s r 'a rank,rapid grower.completely chokes ing trouble for the good wife, and there'sno sessed, and so mined. When, year after much wider than the farms of its
z?:: out all -grass.and weeds, leaving noth- doubt about that; and the hints you year, this is the picture, there is every actual members. s Your halfhearted
have been giving us were just what I way a steady lowering of tone and of power fanner who wants to get away
I ing for the grove owner to do but occasionally needed to set me thinking, and if I can to struggle and survive.' from the country is not the man who suc-
turn the ends of the vines keep two or three resolutions I've been By these well-established surroundings, ceeds. A good farmers' club will do more

from the trees. The vines form a dense making, quietly to myself, Mary Jane continues the writer, the family self-re- to awaken an appreciation of farming,
!:of' shade over the ground,and in the winter will have less to complain of in my conduct ; spect will, as a whole, be raised. Then and enthusiasm for it, than any other
of about the house than'she has in past the tree by the home will lead to the factor of agricultural life. Organize a
form coat
a rotting vegetation
years. There is no sense nor reason in planting of other trees on the place, and club in your township if you already
.several inches thick,.which sufficiently us men being so careless and troublesomeat this in turn will, at least sometimes, lead haven't one, and hold a few agricultural"love
:. fertilizes the grove for a year, besides home. Lots of us make more troublefor to the thorough study of trees, and so to feasts" before the spring work over-

giving a. large yield of beans which the women folks than we are worth, the dissemination more widely of a tikes you.
> maybe used for stock feed or sold to and all for lack of a little thought'and knowledge of trees-a study and a knowl- .
others who wish to plant.-:BartowCourier.Informant. attention in not cleaning our boots-before edge daily becoming of more and more The ,Fruit Garden
fF coming into the door or not hanging our vital importance in the general economyof The following suggestions of the Southern -
hats and overcoats in the place, the world. .
up proper Florist in
regard to preparation of the
t ,Previous to March of the year just or not getting plenty of good, dry wood Plant trees, make gardens" ,give home a soil for strawberries appl equally well
and kindlings the wood box and other "fixed up appearance. The Ruralist be-
in ,
the white to all Email fruits
passed, fly was the worst such things. There are a good of lieves with .the above writer, that it will raspberries, currants,
'orange pest known in this State. No them, but any one can think them many up if not only increase self-respect, but will be gooseberries, blackberries, etc., whichcan
:- natural means had been found to he will, and all of us ought to.IRE an entering wedge in making the farm We be grown in most of the Gulf States.
repeat former advice to not let
It.will lead to intensive
6 destroy it, although'several quite PERKINS. pay. farming, another without the
year pass commence-
to experimental farming, to scientific
effective had been discovered ment of
sprays farming. Do not be afraid of the word.It a as as a vegetable
1". by experiments conducted at the Home Surroundings. .( Eustis station. Prof. Webber discovered Passing with an Eastern man througha always room.-Southern Ruralist. much stable manure cannot be

'...,;.c: : in a five-acre orange grove in Western village, in noting the contrast -... -, used. Supplement with commercial fer-
from the appearance of an Eastern villagehe PHOSPHORIC AClb. tilizer consisting of 1,140 Ibs. superphosphate -
'Min tee brown
county a fungus, expressed it by saying that it had not 540 lbs. nitrate of soda, and
1. .-which' on investigation proved to be 320 Ibs. muriate of Use 800 to
that "fixed up appearance." The contrastis Is essential in animal and vegetable life. potash.
'i. '" a. ,natural enemy of the. white fly. still greater between Southern and The Rural New Yorker makes the following" 1,600 Ibs.: per acre, and top dress in
sI v. :Following up this discovery, young Western farms and homes' than betweenthe timely suggestions. For a" family spring with 150 Ibs. nitrate of soda ap-
trees covered with the fungus were Eastern and Western. medicine it will cost but about onefourththe plied |jn three dressings.The .
set in of the of Manatee The first thing to be considered on the phosphate drinks purchased at the best soil and location are those
many groves to kitchen and tracking
y adapted gardening
Eastern farm,or by the owner of a villagelot drug stores.
.: < ,county, to spread the fungus. It has and the first in which.the plow turns No wonder the ancients considered ; next best, any land adapted to corn

,< :,;.a'. :now become! quite widely spread in up the soil, is the family garden. Few phosphorus the essence of life. It is the culture, except bottoms.with It is well to
white fly infested groves m the Manatee homes are without fruit and shade trees; ,essential principle in the production of f precede the strawberries a> crop of
o .. Plow and sub-soil-plow the
... ;'.. ; : section, and trees where the and the garden,the fruit trees, and usually all seeds from which new life is to be cow land as peas. and thoroughly as possible.

i; ,"., fungus occur are found to be in much the shade trees, are enclosed withina started.. On most soils, phosphoric acidis Harrow deeply until the ground is in a loose,
:- "" .-< .', neat fence. The nature of the farmer, I needed in larger proportion than either
t; ; '.'.better. condition: On. such groves says Home and Farm, may be inferred potash or nitrogen. In nourishing the friable condition.
; fiiithIS year the fruit is perfectly bright from the nature of his home surround-1|: human system, too, the phosphates are <
:.::-0r t;?: .' -.The.destroyer of the white fly has evidently ings. These cannot be hidden. They are I most necessary. Various preparationssaid Congress is after the ticket scalpers.A .

: : : ': >' 'been found. In a similar way exposed and plainly to be seen by every to be made from'the brain of the ox law making it obligatory upon the

: : = .we should endeavor, to find passer. No trees, no flowers, no gardenfor or the fish have been put-up- and sold in companies isempg tickets to redeem any
> a
t:' ?*-:,-,-: remedjfc the growing of fresh fruits and vegetables .,large quantities. They have unquestionably unused portion of same would remove
.: <_i : 'j'c. ::: for the hyacinth.-Sanford Chronicle. What does. such a-state of.case given excellent results when used the principal cause of ticket brokela e.
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TENDING THE WOUNDED. AND The Florida Citizen thus comments on

,CARING FOR THE DEAD. the statement in the Gainesville Sun of a Ribera Pecan Grove and Pecan Nursery,
reduction of railway rates on the 'products
While Serving in the War Hewitt H.
ti The constant effect of the competitionof 1S0G--1SQT. .
Williams Contracts a Disease in Its
sources of agricultural production with SEEDLING PECAN TREES, Two Years Old, from my own Pecans IS to 24 inches
Most Aggravated Form. His sources of production, of transportation 20,000, and many even higher,at Rio oo per hundred with liberal discount lots of 1,000 andover
Hopeless Condition. lines with transportation lines, and of I Terms Cash with order. Shipment as directed. Transit charges to be paid by purchaser
on receipt. No responsibility after shipment.Box .
From the Press, Utica,N. Y. markets with markets is to reduce freightrates. 4, Bagdad, Florida. ARTHUR BROWN.
Mr.\ Hewitt H. Williams, a well-to-do Recognition of this fact"crops out .
farmer, of Oneida County, ,New York, sometimes in unexpected quarters. Thus, ..
sends us the following certificate. Inquiry I referring to a recent reduction on the FOR THE TWENTY-SECOND YEAR-- -

developes the fact that 'Mr.\ Williams lines used by the farmers of Alachua W. W. HAWKINS & SONSAre
is a citizen in good standing and county, the Gainesville Sun says: 'No
:1' repute, and enjoys the respect of the com- matter what may have induced the transportation offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of &$-VT.
lines to make the change it will All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low
munity in which he resides. His testi- and from Bearingtrees.

mony may unfortunate be read with enough benefit to by those have prove lieve profitable acceptable to to the growers railroads., and The we rates be- * VARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME. *

persons were too high-higher than producers Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low.
chronic catarrhal trouble
: Send for to
postal Descriptive catalogue
could afford to pay-and had the ad-
"To all whom it I ,
V' V'
may concern. HAVKINS &" SONS
vanced prices been adhered to a vast
Hewitt H. Williams. farmer, of Bridgewater Georgetown, Fla
tailment of shipments would have oc-
Oneida County, New York, do
curred. Now that rates have been low-
make the following statement, declaring scribes the scheme. Let farm- others have done.
ered to figures that will enable all partiesto Southern The concession hi i
it to be true in every particular: live, and we hope prosper, we trust ers talk it over. changed their intentions and a reasona-
"I am fifty-nine years of age, a nativeof that; no further unpleasantness will arise The scheme is for any number of repu- ble concession that would enable truckersto
Denbigshire, North Wales, but long a Between the transportation companiesand table persons to organize as a credit live and be fairly compensated; for
resident of this county, and a citizen of producers and shippers. Equitable bank, each person being jointly liable their investments, even to the loweringof
the United States. During the war of treatment; all around will bring prosperity with his fellows for all the debts of the the prices of their products in Eastern
the Rebellion I was serving) with the to the farmers, and the more prosperous bank. It then borrows a small capitalat and Western markets, by which demand _
army, though not ,an enlisted man, my the; farmers become the more will be say 4 or 5 per cent.; and also invites and consumption would be increased, '
) business being to look after the graves of advanced the interests of the railways depositors, paying the same rate of interest would do more to settle the State of Flor-

the dead. For a period I served in the the merchants. and the people gen Loans are made (((at 6 or 7 per cent.) ida, and other parts of the South, with a
military hospitals as assistant nurse. erally.' only on the approval of the directors, class of settlers who would be of more
While at the front I contracted catarrhin who and without valne to the than all
"Equitable treatment" will meet weekly serve pay. railway companies
bring prosperity -
its most aggravated form extending to to the railway well .The borrower has to furnish two sureties hotels they are building.
the stomach and bladder. My eyes, ears as to the farmers and companies truckers as of the and the object for which he wants the Swill not be, contentious as to the

and air passages were all affected, my south. This has been the theme of The money has to be approved by the direc- cause of lowering transportation rates,
digestion was so impaired that I could Southern Ruraliatfor the three tors. Both they and his sureties watch but would join a hallelujah chorus with
past years.
not assimilate food, and this distressing The Ruralist little how it the borrower to see that the money is the truckers to the railway companies, if
cares comes by
I condition assumed the chronic form and competition or a railway commissio ,, or used for the purpose.specified, and call it they will only do it,and make it generalnot -
continued until nearly three years ago. by conviction of the -of the in if it is being improperly used. If the because they are forced to do it or
Of course I had medical advice and plentyof [ managers
railways themselves. It is the only thipg money is spent for anything insurable, lose what custom they have.
it from several different physicians and that will restore the abandoned truck- Insurance is effected to further secure the The Ruralist will keep the subject be-
but they did to speak of ,
me no good ,
fore the until at
people partial jus-
patches and prosperity to the State, and loan.Unlimited
year by year,my condition became more tice
liability is the keystone to the is realized.
to the .
greater prospenty railway com-
hopeless. It was then that through the
panies. They have tried exacting all the whole system, insuring constant interestin In 'another column will be found a
I learned of the effectedby
newspapers business would stand and impoverished the society by its members, careful complaint of a charge of $14 for trans-
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and as I was
tired themselves as well as the producers, and management by its directors, and a de- portation of a cow and calf thirty miles.
of paying doctors' bills for nothing,
we rejoice that they are beginning to see sire to help every borrower to repay his We have not space for the whole contro-
I determined to give them a trial, and
loan so that there may be no losses. Hun thefac t of the is sufficient.
laid in to the handwriting on the wall Now let versy; charges
good meaning give
a supply
dreds of such banks, with millions of -Southern Ruralist.
them extend'their treatment of the
'them a thorough test. I was a little discouraged -
Alachua county farmers to all parts of liabilities, have long been so successfulin ......
at first the made ---
as pills me
that instead of losses
Europe they pile
more miserable, but I kept on and afterI the State, and encourage general settle- above their Every Southern farmer should gather
up a reserve expenses.
had taken nearly.one whole box I be- ment all along their lines. Usually the only expense is a small sum all the information in his calling possi-

gan to improve. My stomach regainedits And let them give encouragement to For the secretary-treasurer and his books, ble. By writing to the Secretary of
tone, the bladder trouble subsided and business outside of the tillers of the soil. as the bank takes so little of his time Agriculture, Washington, D. C., he can
tile'urinal discharge was no longer loaded Freights are being hauled between Palat- each day or week as not to interfere with obtain bulletins. on the following sub-
with mucus. My hearing grew better, ka and Interlachen, a distance of,seven- his own business. The bank aims to jects: "Commercial Fertilizers," "Facts
the air passages, even in damp weather teen miles, by teams, becauce rates have have a margin of 2 per cent between About Milk" "Fowls.Care and Feeding,"
gave me little inconvenience,and in three been put up sixty to one hundred per i what it pays for money and the interestit Farm Drainage," "Onion Culture,"
months I was comfortable and able to eat, cent., when they were almost unbearable. -I gets.Such. praying for Fruit Diseases "Potato

drink and sleep well. Business in certain lines has been a bank enables one who needs Culture," "Peach Growing for' Market,"

I do not pretend to say that I no abandoned that augmeted the ready money for a good purpose to get itat I "BarnyarcT Manure," "Weeds, and Howto
longer have any catarrhal symptoms, but the railway company,because the freight a moderate rate of interest and he can Kill Them." Get these bulletins and
when they show the least sign of becom- rates were prohibitive. Some of the it back in such ,installments as may carefully read them,and you will become
ing aggravated I at once take Dr. Wil necessities of life cost double in the interior be pay agreed upon. It id designated espe- better farmers.

liams' Pink PlhsLand I soon get relief. towns of the State because of exCess- cially for those who need only modest Farming is the most favored ire on

We always keep rink Pills in the house, ive freight charges. Many crops all along sums-$25 to $50 or $S0. Farmers and earth. It is not a place to suddenly grow
andtmy family take them when sick with the lines of railwaywhere there is no others who borrow large amounts can rich, but a properly conducted farm is a
debility of any kind, with good results.. competition would be raised could theybe usually arrange for the same by mortgage place of freedom from pinching poverty. t
I .take pleasure in making this certificate, got to market at a profit., Cars run or through established banks of discount -
and hopo that the information herein empty where they might run loaded at The agricultural credit bank

given may be beneficial others. but a trifling additional cost. We desireto does a business that ordinary banks 'do STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO,
H. H. 'VILLI YS." see the railway companies prosper we not usually touch. As it succeeds in a LUCAS 'COUNTY.. } .gg'

Dr, Williams' Pink Pills contain in a want to see railway trains loaded to their small way, its operations can be extended. FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that he

condensed form all the elements neces- utmost capacity, and we are rejoiced to It also offers all the advantages of a is the senior partner of the firm of F. J.. -
sary to give new life and richness to the see them adopt in even one place the savings bank or co-operative bank to CHENEY& Co.,doing business in the Cityof
blood and restore shattered nerves. Theyare course that wall bring that prosperity,and those who wish to invest their small'Sav Toledo, County and State aforesaid

'also a specific for troubles {peculiar to will rejoice to chronicle any movementin ings from time to time in a way to earn and that said firm will pay the sum of

females, such as suppressions, irregularities that direction. 4 or 5 per cent. interest without risk. ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each
and all forms of weakness:.- They Their true prosperity..will come in in- > m and every case of Catarrh that cannot, be .
build up the blood, and restore the glow vestments that. will encourage settlers to WHO KILLED COCK ROBIN? cured by the use of HALL'S QATABRU
of health to pale and sallow cheeks. In come and stay on the lands of the State !. CURL ,

men they effect a radical cure in all cases rather than in building palace hotels, A little contention.exists between the FRANK 8. CHENEY. .
arising from mental worry. Pink Pills becauro settlers not only furnish them Gainesville Sun and the Florida Citizenin Sworn to before me and subscribed in :-

are sold in boxes (never in loose bulk]) business in transportation of their products regard to the cause of, the lowering of my presence, this 6th day of December

".at 50 cents a box or six boxes for $2.50, but it is a mighty poor settler that the tranportation rates to the truckers A. D. 1886. ...
and may be had of all druggists,or direct does not bring other settlers or friends to of Alachua county, the Citizen contend- -. -
by mail from Dr. Williams' Medicine see them, all making work for the rail\ ing that the newspaper advocates of lower l A. W. GLEASPl!.

Company, Schenectady, N. Y. roads.-Southern,RUralist...... tranportstion had no influence in lowering {:: : Notary Public.Hall's ..
-- 4 --- .
.. --T them, and the Sun that they did. --
After long and laborious experimentsthe Agricultural Credit Banks. We think that they bad an influence in Catarrh Cure I is taken internally

manufacture of silk from white pine These should be one of the means for creating a public_ sentiment against the and acts directly] on the blood and ran-- '

and other woods has proved a relieving the Southern former from the extortion that had its weight,and possi- cons surfaces of the system. Seed. fortestimonials .:....',". ,
sues spruce. A plant for its manufacturen9robabl1OO ; incubus of the crop lien, and is one of bly led truckers to decide to countermand] free. ,_ v": _
established at Niagara the possibilities in working out the future their fertilizer orders and to let ,their F. J. CHENEY &. CO.,Toledo, 0.SS 7;; i ::

of the South. An exchange thus de- truck-gardens lay fallow, as hundreds of So1d. by Druggists,75c.t t -,.:, :-i.i'-F':':'
3 "
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.- polluting the atmosphere for some.distance beggarism, and is destructive of that post heap can do nothing necessarily V ,
r : and Fruit! { Grower.A back from the river. A resident I robust independence which it is wiseto for legumes." "'

j;){ Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main- who has lived on the river ,twenty build up. "We have probably 're Suppose Mr. Stewart is applying his
F; Street Jacksonville.Fla. years tells us he has never had chills ceived.more than our share of this political compost to grow a crop of beans. Of
-'f. .. and fever'until this year, and he at- slop, and it is generally given to course, he does not know positively
f'. TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION tributes this late visitation to the the children to play with, or fed to the from chemical determination, that the

; for One Year ................................I2.00Jror : stench of the 'rotting vegetation. If canaries. We have this day written a bean bacteria are present in that compost
Six Uontiu................v...... .e... 1.00 this state of affairs should continue it letter to each of Florida's three Con therefore he does know thatit
In Forelgn'Countriee .............:i........ '3.00 with them to not
..- would not only seriously interfere gressmen, respectfully asking will "necessarily" do anything for
;apSubecriptiona'in all cases'cash in the cultivation of the orange groves vote against any further continuanceof his beans. But where beans of all
advance., No discount allowed on one's along'the river, but menace the existence this miserable, gratuitous humbug varieties have been grown all over
.own subscription(except in a club}, but toE itself which readers will do the
all a liberal cash commission will the water-way and we,hope our New Jersey for a hundred years, there-
be awed on all subscriptions obtainedby is better than the Interstate Commerce I' same. We do not see how any self- by disseminating their bacteria every
them. Write for terms. Commission in keeping down trans- respecting Congressman can vote for where, every reasonable man would

-, To every new subscriber we will send, I portation. rates. it without laughing in his sleeve. say that Mr. Stewart did not "know
iti. postpaid, a,copy Whitner's. ,"Garden I . beans" he did not go on and apply
'ing -in Florida.. For two new subscribers We learn that Major W. H. Martinof Mr. W. F. Reed, of Drayton Is- his compost with the moral certainty
,t-- ,, at $2.00 of each Moore's, we will' "Orange send, the Plant System has just sold a land, writing for sample copies, adds : that it would help his bean crop. The
Culture." a copy thousand acres of land near Lakelandto enclose you a 'blue print' to show chances that the bean bacteria are not

'" a party of. Cubans, who will plant you how our grove is coming out." present in the compost in this case are
Bates of advertising on application.check the whole of it in cigar tobacco as fastas The picture shows a grove of vigoroustrees ; so infinitesimally small that no man of
'Remittances should be made
by it be cleared and prepared.The from twelve feet
can to
tt postal note, money order or registered twenty high sense would consider them at all in
i. letter to order: of, land first-class pine, rolling and and with nearly as great a spread of his farming operations.
.AIl1W"jB.AND FRUIT GROWER well drained; a class of soil which the branches.. .*
Jacksonville Fla. Cubans say they prefer to hammock PSI
The New Secretary of Agriculture.
Chas.W.DaCosta,Business Manager. for tobacco culture. They had looked Beans, Bacteria and Bottles. '
the State over before making this Mr. S. Peacock, editor of The Mr. W. R. Smith, of the U. S.

.. CONTENTS. selection. ... American Fertilizer, of Philadelphia, Botanic Gardens Washington, D. C.,
Humidity and the Spinning of Cotton...... 178 .. -- .. :writes us a letter which opens as fol. writes : 'The great Giver of all good
II GROVB AND ORCHARD-Fruit Culture; More It is a,matter of regret that, in the lows : must have inspired .President-elect
i- on the White Fly; Grafting the Pecan; A haste of growers to restore their or- "Enclosed you will find a clipping McKinley and Senator Allison to select .
Industry; The Real Value of to bearing and the scar- taken from James Wilson of Iowa as Secretary
CH mug............!...._............. 179 ange groves your current issue. It
Inquiries and Replies....,...........to.... 180 city of desirable varieties, misrepre- seems to me that you should have of Agriculture.. No super-heated
TOBACCO-Seed and Fertilizers.............. 180 sentation has been practiced by unscrupulous noticed the fact that ':Mr. Stewart is !I partisanship will disturb his relations
FARMER AND TRUCKER b-IOU Plowing a dealers in trees and bud- ignorant of the difference'between the l with the people's legislators. When a
Protection Against Drouth. Pruning To wood. For, i instance, the famous Bacteria which assimilate atmospheric'I member of the House' from Iowa, he
w matoes,....:........................ ...... 181 Pineapple orange of Citra is noted for nitrogen and the bacteria which merely had the friendship and respect of Ran-

GelUng Country Rid Roads)of Stumps; Government; Tramp Free Labor Seeds on; the scarcity and shortness of its thorns, nitrify organic nitrogen. The article dall, from your city ; Kerr, the

Farm Talks........... ................... 182 yet many young trees now coming on on Soil Inoculation is simply absurd Speaker, Milton Sayler, Speaker pro _
POULTRY-Money for Farmers in Poultry;; under that name have formidable in its main points. The old- tempore, and many others on the
Notes on Chicks; Cure.for Gapes; Selection thorns. The Pineapple variety, by fashioned compost heap can do nothing -' Democratic side of the House, includ--
of Males. ...,........................ 183 the should be hammock ing his James B. Beck of
planted on for
State News..................'.................184 way, I necessarily legumes. countryman ,
OUR RURAL HOME It,Pays A Reformed land. Then again, as many as The article above referred to was Kentucky, who frequently declared to
? ; twelve thousand buds of the Marsh the writer that he could
r Husband; Home Surroundings; Phosphoric copied from the Country Gentlemanand never master
Acid; Farmers' Clubs;; The Fruit Seedless pomelo are said to have been published in our edition of Feb the rules like Wilson, his practice in
Garden..........".... ..................... 184 sold from less than a half-dozen trees ruary 27. ,Now, whatever errors :Mr. courts of law interfering. I am safe
It Looks Like a Beginning Better Trans grown since the freeze Stewart may have fallen into in failingto in saying that Wilson was the best
portation Rates; Agricultural Credit --= .. -- discriminate between two classes of equipped man, as to the rules, on the
Banks; Who Killed Cock Robin............. 185
""\ EDITORIAL-Frauds in Orange Nursery The recent advance in the express bacteria, do those errors justify the floor of the House. As a member of
'*- Trees; Appropriation for Free Seeds; rates on strawberries which has causedso bold, sweeping statement, that "the the Committee on Agriculture, his
Beans, Bacteria and Bottles; The New much dissatisfaction the old-fashioned compost heap can do masterly report on 'Transportation of
................. among
Secretary of Agriculture 186 '
i : Cattle to the Seaboard remains
Markets..................................... 187. growers will not really affect them nothing necessarily for legumes? The a
much if is monument to him as an original inves-
To Organize for Good Roads; Business any. It operative only to theory of the'modern agricultural
i NoticeaANewandGoodBookMeetingr the points reached by the Southern chemists, that each legume has bacteria tigator. What other member would
of the Interstate Commerce Commission; Express Company, and that, of course peculiar to itself which in some have spent eight days on a cattle car
Items...................................... 188 does not change the rates to the Northern supply it with nitrogen and thatif from West to East as he did to get all
Buying Climate.... ,.....................!. 193 way the facts? The results worth"
markets. The object of the ad- this particular kind of bacterium' is are untold -
At a recent meeting 9 of the Board of. vance was to prevent shipments from not present in the soil, that legume millions to this nation. *
Directors of the Board, of Trade a being made by sea from Jacksonville, I will not grow, even if it lives at all, no "A/ to his patriotism, this thoroughly

: -. ... 'proposition was received from :Mr. ,thus giving the railroads a long haulon matter how much it is manured. The Americanized Scotchman cast
Stetson offering the board the use often the berries. bacteria must be gathered from this lots with his brother as-! to who shouldgo

acres of land, fenced and irrigated, particular legume some where else and to the war or stay home and man.
together with water supply, free of The increased amount of $150,000 brought in a bottle or other vessel and age the farm. For family reasons
; charge"for one year;) on which to be. voted by Congress free distributionof i introduced into the soil; then this i both could not well be spared.
f gin, operations on a tobacco farm. seeds for the next winter did not bfe-I ,legume will grow. "His brother Peter, drew the prize
x The: offer was accepted and Mr. Stetson come a law, so will have to be passed, I Now, if the Florida beggarweed as he phrased it, and went. When

=i. tendered a vote of thanks for his if at all,' by the new Congress, to as. (Desmodium tortuosumalegume, was Peter returned James divided equally
:-' > "-kindness.-Defend News. semble on March isth. The number taken at a single bound to South Africa with him lands acquired, cattle, and

:,; :. ,- -:a We hope they will do better than of packets given during this, year was or some other remote quarter of everything, to the last cent, he having
?, ,> t,.., Jacksonville Board of Trade did nearly 20,000,000. Each Congressman the globe where it had never been been wonderfully successful as a far

--, ," 6'"/in'a- similar venture. They raised and Senator had apportioned to planted since the beginning of the mer during the four years war, ,
:.,R$5ooo.and put a man in charge who him 40,000 packets of garden seeds, world, it is quit 'likely that it would "His success in raising the standard ;
{, "'''.-- :'lhad ninety years experience in Jo- 2,000 packets of flower seeds and 500 not grow until some of its peculiar of the Agricultural College of Iowa
;-'kbaccoculture-the: '''' experience of his packets of field seeds, which were bacteria were carried from Florida ina and its experimental station to the ':

'{ ;: :i: Ijrandfather, his father and himself." mailed free to anyone desiring them. bottle and introduced into, the soil first rank, is his latest accomplishment
;:: ':.L''J5 ,pound,of tobacco was,ever sold Besides this, Secretary of Agriculture. But in the case of an old settled ""Such is the man God's providenceand
,:; : :"r B era dollar returned. had hundreds of thousands of State like New Jersey cultivated for Major McKinley have selectedto
,''.,'<',, ':'Jl-P.",, .;' --::-' packets, and,Congressmen who represent two hundred years,the soil inoculatedwith preside over the great agricultural .
:, r VtUnless: some means can be devised i large cities dispose of their quotato the bacteria, from actual growth interests of this nation."
--t ry', ,;:to}destroy: or remove the hyacinths' swell the quantity to go to the of nearly all the legumes commonly In an interview with a representative -
:;;:;, :. '*om)the St..Johns river the ultimate country. This vast quantity of seeds grown for economic purposes by the of the Washington "Star," Secretary -
} ;\ :result will be deplorable.! At low tide which is being yearly enlarged, in- fanners of Christendom this case 'of Agriculture, Hon. James Wilson I
? <0' ::'.JIa'' y,p1aceswlde margins of shal- jures the business of every dealer: inand' we say it is very ill-considered for theeditor is reported to .have said among "|

:.:,..- ,- ,:: :-. .-".water. are Jeft.dry, and the hya- seeds, is a great injustice the of the American 'Fertilizer to other things :. "I do not intend ,justyetta
.:-:,': ..;", '::7', .'" ... ," ,'die- .;' and .rot 'in the sunshine, trade; encouraging paternalism, .assert that "the old-fashioned com-. commit!: myself as to what,I.; ,
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think of publications Pecans,Florida......... ......pound .08 to .09 THE
13** concerning New Potatoes..................barrel 3.50 to 4.50 .
,:-:- "Tapeworm in Poultry' and other subjects Strawberries. .... ......... .-...quart .10

of kindred nature. It would 11... FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

.: be manifestly improper for me to attempt New York :Market ,

o i to be'humorous on this -or any Strawberries-We have had a much JAOKSONVII.t

w. ,other subject connected with the 'Department larger supply and prices steadily declined E. -

" of Agriculture especially until Thursday; since then we have hada .. The Oldest National Bank in the State.
little firmer market. Most sales of refrigerator -
before I have received
.. my appointment berries,have been"in range of CHARTERED 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED
Nor I how I 'could ,
: do. see 20 to 25c., with some in poor order ranging
with propriety foreshadow my attitude down to 10 to 12c. There has lately strength By conservative and ability,to yet meet liberal all methods legitimate this demands.bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,

respecting the distribution of seeds a been a little better movement and late We buy and :sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing.our own
sales have made better drafts on an parts of the world.
a slightly average
f;" question which appears to have been I and ; We invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
iccasional lots of extra large fine
hammered both favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention
pretty thoroughly ,
bring a slight premium.The .
'ways during the present session of arrivals of Florida vegetables by JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY

Congress. I'vegot, a good long sum: Savannah steamer have been moderate, President. Cashier.Safe '

c'.'. 'flier ahead of me during which to consisting largely of cabbages, the con- Deposit Boxes For Rent.

};:.. carefully review that matter. Suppos- dition has been generally very poor; early

ing you do me the honor to ask me all in the week very few of the cabbageswere *
Philadelphia Markets. Bradley Redfidd.
good enough to bring freight charges Eugene B. Re lad
about it well time
say some next and of the last arrivals lots ESTABLISHED 1871.
even many PHILADELPHIA, March 12.-Strawberries -
;.,, "
July or A gust. had to be abandoned to the transports -while receipts are liberal and prices REDFIELD & SON,.

:' The correspondent adds : tion company; some of the late receipts, still low the demand is improving and

"Although by birth a Scotchman however, were in good order, and of we look for better prices again soon. Re- Commission Merchants

Mr. Wilson is in appearance a typical pretty good quality, and for these prices frigerator stock selling to-day 25c to 35c, -.A.ND- _
Amercan farmer-not ranged from $1 to 1.50 per, bbl. crate. and open crates 15c to 25c as to qualityand
an agriculturistof
There are very few egg plants arriving, condition; cauliflower, choice to Fruit Auctioneers -
the sort grossly caricatured in the and these are mostly of common qualityand fancy per crate 3.00 to 5.00, ordinary, 1.00

r comic publications, but a fine upright uncertain value; strictly fancy of to 2.00; string beans, green 2.50 to 5.00, 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

gray-bearded, sturdy-looking citizen, good size and bright color would sell well wax t 2.00 to 4.00; tomatoes, per We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,

whose actions and manner of speechyet and exceed quotation. String beans have came 2.50 to 3.50 soft and or- either at private sale (which has heretofore been

betoken an almost life-long contact been generally firm for choice lots of dinary, per carrier, 1.00 to 2.00 green, our custom) or by the auction system (recently
white Refugee and Wax, but under 1.25 to 2.00 beets 100 -
per earner, ; i. added to our business) as desire.QUICK .
with the soil. He talks in rather you may
a grades of these, and all green beans have bunches, 1,00 to 3.00; rgg' plants, orange

low, tone of voice, using occasionallythe sold rather slowly, and prices show wide box, 2.25 to 3.00, per bbl. 4.00 to 6.00;

gestures of the trained parliamentarian range, Florida tomatoes from the mainland peppers 'per crate, 2.00 to 3.00; lettuce, r.

and while he speaks there is and Sanibel Island have been scarce ruled; ordinary, per basket, 75c to 1.50; celery, WORK
for choice qualities prices have per bunch, 75c to 1.25. small or poor 25c ,
something of palpable sincerity in his firmer, but few of the arrivals are of very to 50c; new potatoes, per bbl. 4.00 to 6.00. In selling and paying for Fruits and Vegetables -
t expression and manner that is con- mod quality. Receipts from Key West REDFIELD & SON. shipped to us is our motto. WK
nave been lighter but contain few GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
choice lots, and for poor goods: small or Buffalo :Market. BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
over ripe prices have had to be marked by our 40 years experience without defaulting
Potatoes, Bermuda, 5.00 to 6.00; cab- a dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
riarkets. very low, generally 75c. te $1.00 per car- bage, Florida per crate, 2.00 to 2.50; financial stability which any bank or
rier. Florida beets have sold
slowly at merchants having mercantile reports can
celery California, 35c to GOc lettuce
'l5c. per bushel crate; bunch stock has verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
Southern hamper, 1.25 to 1.50; lettuce, METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
been out of the
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., March 19. largely order tops being I Florida, 1.50 to 2.00; lettuce, Florida, your name for our quotations. Stencil and
wilted or spoiled, and for these compara- ; large per bbl. 4.00 to 4.50; tomatoes, cards. free. Letters piomptly answered.
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. low have to be A
tively prices accepted.
Southern 6 bas carrier 2.25 to 2.75 onions
Corrected by Marx Bros. few Charleston beets of good quality have doz. 12c to 15c. ; FRENCH & CO.,
These are average quotations. Extra choice arrived but they met only a moderatedemand
lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor at easy prices. Charleston asparagus 116 Warren_ St., New York. r

lots selllower.OrangesPlorida. has been much more plenty, and 4

((wanted).......... 4.00 to 4.50 prices have steadily and rapidly declined, St. Louis Market. ESTABLISHED 1855.
California Navels......... )to .. '. .'.. ..'. .'.. .'... .'.. .'.. .' '. .'.. '.. '.. .' .'. '. .. _
4.00 closing at the lowest point with a weak Strawberries, Florida refrigerator case ." .' '.'' .'' '.'' '.'' '.'' '.''.''' .'.'' .''. '.'. '..''.'.'.'' .'' '..'..'.'.'.''.'''.'.''.'.'A--. R
Seedlings. .... 3.00 to 3 50
Apples ...........................bbl 2.50 to 3.00 tone. Bermuda onions are in light sup- stock, 17| to 22Jc! ; ventilated cases, 10 to {
Pines (wanted)................. crate ply and firm. Parsley and lettuce sell 15c. Several lots of Texas offering, too- fourths of the of sale. The
Lemons, Messina,............... box 2.75 when received in but proceeds ship
English Peas, dried,.............bu 1.50 fairly refrigerator, the best stock (Hoffmans and Downings) pers fared badly.A .
Peanuts best brand...... ........ .04 to. .05 the goods shipped outside arrived in irregular brought 3.00 per 6-gallon case, but Mich large amount of that
Cabbage Florida...............each no demand condition, and go comparativelylow. el's early dull at 2.00 per 6-gallon case. early vegetables
Potatoes,Burbank....... ........bbl 1.50 Florida has been in fair arrived the past few days by express from.
It ....;........5 barrel lots 1.40 celery sup- Cabbage, new Florida,.75 to DOc per crate New Orleans and vicinity was almost lost .
41 ...,............ sack 1.25 ply, most arrivals coming by refrigeratorcar for heated and slightly off to I.00 and 1.10 I for lack of sufficient ice in the barrels. .
It ........;.. ....5 sack lots 1.20It. ; condition of these has been very irregular for best offerings; Texas, 1.25 to 1.50 per of these barrels
Many big were
Maine early rose, seed. x.5 a. good many lots coming out crate for choice; 50 to 75c for heated;
Maine hebron "' .. 1.75 steaming hot, the ice having given out,
Maine peerless ." .. 1.75 badly specked and rotted ; fancy large Louisiana, 1.00 to 1.50 per crate; California and the few who shipped without ice lost
reds .. sound has sold readily at 90c. to
Dakota 1,75 quite dull at 1.25 crate. Tomatoes .50
Onions N.Y................ ......bbl 3.50 $1.00-with occasional lots of extra fine at per all, and will have to settle for the express
Peas, black{ eye ..............bushel 1.50 to 3.00 per 7-basket crate; Florida, 3.00 charges in addition.It .
brown-eye,.................bu 1.50 a premium, but small ish'goods and spot- per 6-basket crate for choice; culls, small
clay........... ....... ......bu 1.60 ted or otherwise defective have had to goat and inferior to fair stock,1.50 to 2.50. Eggplant is astonishing what an amount of
WbippoorwiU............;..bn 1,75 lower and irregular prices. We heat a barrel of green vegetables will gen- .
Turnips,N. V.....................bbl 1.50 very = Florida,6.00 to 7.00 per large crate. erate in a short time. The vegetables :
Beets........... ..................bbl 2.00 think that this stock is not always prop- String beans, Florida, choice round green, lP' \
Parsnips,.,...................-......bbl 2.50 erly cooled before being packed in the 3.00 per bushel box. Green peas, scarce, which nearly burned up euroute, were
Carrots, ...................... ...bbl 2.50Eggs. which is packed in refrigerators sales bushel box. radishes, parsley, onions, spinach, kohlrabi
............... ..,*............doz .09 car; celery light at 2.50 per and mustard green Immense quantities -
without first cooling is very apt to The market has been actually flooded
*, of such goods go out to all the big
spoil. with strawberries the past few days: The
country by express through
FRENCH & Co. receipts were surprisingly= and prices
Corrected by Davis &: Robinson. winter and from '
early spring New Orlcans'and
.....__... dropped lower than dealers or consumers
Yellow Yams, .,.... .bush .35 to 40 vicinity. _
Sweet Potatoes .... ..... ... ....... .3010; .35 Pittsburg Markets. generally have been aware of. The decline
Hubbard squash, ................bbl 1.50 was due to the large offerings and It seems strange, but it is nevertheless
Lettuce. ....................-..doz .IS Strawberries, Florida, refrigerator, unfavorable 'weather. It takes bright, true, that most of the nice tomatoes con-. .
'Celery,1lorida......... ......- .15 to .35 45 to 50 Bermuda Chili sumed or sold in all the Western
bbl 1.50102.50 fancy, ; potatoes, sunny weather to. sharpen the appetitefor big .
Tomatoes Egg Plant..J., .-.-..............crates l.ooto 1.25 bbl. 6.50 to 7.50 ; cabbage, Florida, new the luscious berry. Choice quart markets the past two weeks were raised .
Sweet Pepper,. ............__bu 1.50 large crates, 1.50 to 1.75 ; tomatoes, Florida -, baskets can be had at retail at'30 cents, by tile Mexicans and were shipped hero
................. .
Green Beans. crate 2.00 carrier extra fancy 2. 50 to 3.00 and elsewhere from Tamlico. The stockis
; and wholesale at 20 to 25. The offerings
Pumpkins, !.........-.........each .05 to noKershaws
.... ...;. .........each .o3 to .10' cucumbers, Florida, boxes..fancy, 2.50 to have been mainly) from Florida which fine,nearly full ripe and,evidently gathered It"
\\ Parsley, .......?.,per do*,bunches no demand 3.00; peas, extra fancy, bu., 3.00 to 4.00, came through in excellent condition t in and packed after the most approved .

Green onions............per. doz.. bunches bushel .15 ordinary, 1.50 to 2.00; beans, wax, extra i refrigerator boxes. A few small lots came and modern methods, reaching their va-

Sage Pepper well hot.cured,.....".,....".:!'...__aD .75..2SHen. fancy, bu, 4.00W 4.50, greent3.50to4.00; from Texas, but the fruit was inferior, rious destinations, as a rule, in splendid '

.........-.-.....-.... -530 lettuce, Florida head,Janey, bbl., 4.00 to and suffered by comparison. order; and they sold for fine prices. The

Roosters._. -._.....-..-. .... .25 4.00 ; egg plants, Florida, fancy, small There are no less than eight States ship- freeze in Florida three ago weeks created ;;

Turkeys](alf.grown.--._.. pound,gross.e .20 to .10.25 crates, 1.50 to 2.50 ; green peppers, Flor- ping cabbage this market at present in the golden opportunity forthe Mexican ,:_ --_.
Ducks..,.... ._-+...-.* To .30 ida, box, 2.00 to 2.50; okra, Florida, box, car lots. New York, Pennsylvania, Wis- truck farmers, and they hastened to "eofc -' -
Geese........__..._.............. .35 to40 1.00 to 1.50; beets fancy, doz. bunches, consin, Florida Texas, California, Ala- brace it. -.- -
Leeks ,;..,.......per dos bunches. .25 = M.
65. P.
50 to KIELY.
Radishes, ...........per doz no demand.Cncnmbers bama, and Louisiana cabbage has been f- .
,.....4. 2.00 to.3.40 : SOMKRS Bno. & Co.. offered here side by side. The results of .,"S- .:-
Spinach,:,.:.....per.bushel .75; : many of these ventures have been some- There is no effectual remedy forjhe"" .f' ::. "
... .......... demandSalsify
Cabbage Florida. no borer but him out. .
,.........'..per dozen bunches .25 I I FOE BRONCHIAL AND ASTHMATIC COMPLAINTS what disastrous. Florida,Texas and California peach : to dig '.: : _
cauliflower....!.................per bbl 3.00 ;; '$rotcn'*..Bronchial Troche stock, which involved such heavy The San Jose scale was introduced into> F'o- ,.;: "
.Green peas ....,, .n.-..?.". crate ajTurnips. have remarkable curative properties.Sold freight charges, has been the principal the East through a lot of nursery stock \ -
..........,..*......bunch no demand "'.':.-
Florida Honey,..,_. ?.pound! section.: ao only in boxes. i sufferer, the railroads-.getting overthrew from California. ,"! .
..... n t- '-:, ";-: -

: .
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TO ORGANIZE FOR GOOD toainuilier- .
ROADS. ? I :,, ,,'

rI Successfulgrowers fr
P A-State c Convention. to be Held in -.(nuT BITS'.)- ,

;. Jacksonville, Tuesday, A Sore and Safe Remedy In trerrcaM '"
1t..... March. 23, 1897. ( .u4 erery kind of Complaint "

W. M.:Bennett, Esq., Chairman of, the of fruits, berries,

,., State Executive: Committee has issued a ;:. .Pain-Kilter. and all kinds of vegetables, :

; call for of the Executive Come F
ameeting -
,that the a
mittee to be held at Jacksonville, .Tuesday :. This II a true statement and it can't W largest.yields and .. 'f

.t ,March 23rd, at 10' a. m. At this ,. made too strong or too emphatic. J. i best quality are produced ,by

1 meeting State organization will be .: It Is a>almp1e.Sato and quick cure for, : ,the liberal use of fertilizers

formed! and it is earnestly hoped that : Cramps, Cough, Eheumstlim,' :
every citizen of the State interested in this Colic Cold, Neuralgia, containing at least 10% of .J/

important question will be present. The : Diarrhoea Croup, Toothache. Shortest, Quickest Most Attractive
g'. Good Roods organizations of the State : TWO SIZES, 23c.and SOc. ,

are especially invited to attend in a body -- -., Actual Potash. :ROUT i
J or send.delegates. .
t- Every: arrangement has been made to three-foot circle about the check; then Without,the liberal use of Potash FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
entertain the delegates. The railroads -
tell him that his wages depend on the THE
f have/granted a special rate of one and completeness with which he works in the on sandy soils, it is impos-
p- one-fourth fare from all points in the Florida Central and Peninsular
fertilizer; when he gets through choose sible,to ,fruits berries and .
State; tickets to be sold 22nd and 23rd another band equally as good and give grow ,
limited toihe 25th. The following hotel him to understand that he has to go ov r Vegetables of a quality that will NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

- rates have been'secured : New Duval and the, whole field and do the work better command the best ,... New York to Jacksonville by
i. Placide, $2.50 per day; Grand View, than the former laborer did. When he prices. New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash-

'f; $2.00 per day; The Elliott, 3.00 two in has gone over the field, put a third man All about Potash-the results of its Unite actual experiment Northern and }ington Columbia, Southern, Florida Railway Central to
the best &
on farms in the States is
- a room, $1.50; St. Johns House, $1.50, it and him the Air Line.
? a on to impress on necessity told in a little book which we publish and will gladly Peninsular to all principal
two in a room, $1.25: The Jacksonville s of excelling his predecessors. By Bail free to any farmer America who will write for it. points in Florida.
Board of Trade have tendered the use of thIS time, if the orders have been em- GERMAN KALI WORKS, Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati
their elegant rooms. phatic, the fertilizer may be worked in 01 Nassau St.,New.York. Harriman tion by Queen Junction&; Crescent to Ashe-,

J. W. WHITE, sufficiently. We never suffer from over Asheville &: villeand Columbia by Southern -

- Chairman Local Committee. fertilizing in the field, but frequentlyruin ured by the P. C. Lewis'' Mfg. Co., Catskill Jacksonville Central Railway&:; Pensnsular, and -Florida Colum
a crop by improper fertilization. N. Y., coptain all of the above qual- J bia to Jacksonville.
Business Notices. To all subscribers, new or old. we wfll i ties. This firm is one of the pioneers in Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
send the paper one year and a copy of the busines and have already Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga
spray pump
t' Lakeland Nurseries.-See the new card this book for $3.00. Retail price 125. sold nearly 100,000 of their in the and } Southern R'y to Ever-
i; of this establishment which makes a Florida ette,Florida Central &; Penin-
United besides
States alone Limited.
-- a+ sending many sular to all important Florida
i specialty of the highest modern types of points.
hundreds them to foreign countries.
Meeting of Interstate Commerce
!if citrus fruits, the seedless varieties, and Kansas
Their catalogue reads "Our are City Fort Scott &
pumps City
which does- business in a thoroughly Commission. and Memphis R.1.to Kansas Clt
all brass
warranted for three
fully years,
business-like 1 to Birmingham, Southern RTy
t manner. Complaint having been made to the Interstate endorseI by the leading entomologists of Jacktto'vllleThro' Line to Everette, Fla. Central 4
: Cameron's Seeds.-A man who changes Commerce Commission by ship- the United States, and guarantee every Peninsular to all.Fla. points.

:. his advertisement frequently, and who I. pers of vegetables from Gainesville,McIntosh pump sold to give absolute satisfaction Louis to Jacksonville by

I. keeps*up with the times and the seasonsin and other Florida points to New York or money refunded. Holly SP'C'1St. Short'Line Central to to HOllY Du Quoin$ 'g ,,
all respects is a man to do business and other northeastern cities, that the Knowing them to be perfectly reliable, Route. City, Memphis &; Birmingham -
, with. Such a man is L. Cameron. rates now charged by Florida railroads we cheerfully recommend them to our J to Birmingham,Sou..
. H. G Hastings&Co.This is the time and their rail and water connections for readers, and would suggest .that, those U',to Everette and F. 0.&;p..

:- of year to be looking out for a provision transporting such shipments are unreason- needing a spray pump send for their illus- Sioux City. Ill.&Chicago Cent. to to Holly JackBonville.

j of forage against next winter. Hundredsof able, unjust and unlawful under the Act trated catalogue and treaties on spraying, Holly Route.New Sp'gs. }Sp'gs. K., C. M. &:; B. to Bin.mingcam
acres. of-vegetable land from which to regulate commerce, and alleging that which will be sent free. Sou R'y to Ever- ..
ette and the F. C. & P.Louis'ille .
the crops will soon be removed ought to such charges are relatively higher than --.+.--- :;

furnish bay, at least enough to keep the those made on vegetables carried from Special Spring LIst. Orleans Junction.&:; Nashliie F. C. &:; to P.Rive.only :
s teams. .Hastings is on hand early with the same points for about the like distance To }route with through sleepers J.
The Griffing Bros. Company of Mac-
the seed for that purpose.Hammond's to Chicago, and that the rates to Jackgo'vllle between New Orleans and t
Fla offer list Jacksonville.
clenny, a special spring ,
New York are much higher than those in
Sprays Note the appearance containing a correct graded count list of The F. C. &:; P. has '700 miles of track In
of the card of this old established force ten years ago, although the railroad all the nursery. stock.offered by the Pomona Florida running through the \t
scale.remedy. vegetable traffic is now many times greater Tobacco Region*,
and the market price of vegetables had1 Nursery, during the spring of 1897. Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
Now is a chance to.buy.trees cheap. Peach and Strawberry Land,
A:New and GoodBook. since been greatly diminished, the Com- *. Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,
mission has issued an order for investigation Photphate Belt.Ha .
.Professor P. H. Rolfs has written, and of rates on vegetables from all Items the Silver Spring and

the Southern Planter Publishing Company points in Florida to New York and other: Strawberries can be as easily grownas The Great Hunting Other Country.fine Scenery

,of Richmond,has printed a book of northeastern cities, and has set the case sweet potatoes and cotton. Do not be Beaches the Noted Fishing Grounds,
'" 255 pages,entitled Vegetable Growing i in for hearing of all interested shippers and. without this luxury in your home. Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety -
the South for Northern Markets.. To al the carriers at the U. S. Court rooms i in The pith of the cornstalk between the of soils in the State,and above all ,

our readers interested in horticultural Jacksonville, Fla,. on April 0, 1897, at 10 plates of the ironclads as packing is found Runs over the Central RIdgeland
matters,doubtless,Professor Rolfs is well I dock a. m."UptoDate". tc swell so rapidly as to close the hole Where It Is High and Healthy.

>_ ,., known as tho occupant of the chair of 4 made by a cannon ball before water can the Prosperous best freight towns facilities fill its for route any and produce it offers to
Horticulture in the Florida State Agricultural find entrance to the vessel The demandfor the Northern markets.
College, in which capacity he has Spray Pumps. this and for other purposes,is greater Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
been conscientious A is than tie But free) and note the towns on its route.
a and indefatigable good spray pump now consideredto supply. what is of most A.O.JUCDONELL.G.P.A
I. worker, both at the College and Station, be one of the indispensable tools of a interest to farmers is'that the process of Jacksonville,Fla.
and throughout the State, in the interest farm, and probably no tool is obliged to extracting the'pith also manufactures the -

': .. of the growers.: stand a greater stalk into a feed resembling bran,making The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
This little book grew out of a series o f strain and will 1 an excellent fodder of what has hereto

:f lectures Delivered to his classes. Com 1! jjive out sooner i if fore been a waste product. Offers to Shippers

parisons are odious, therefore we ehal not properly] P The ideal farm is one from which not The Shortest and Quickest
'not mention the works on the. same liue made. 1st. It an ounce of raw materialis sold. ,
-. of which have this should
subjects preceded one be madeentirely BETWEEN
Fowls should be
from food
kept ten to
'- Suffice it to,say, every trucker, whether of brass, twelve hours before killing. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
experienced or not, who has a copy o f as brass alone
=y: the three or more previous works on will stand the action Wheat is one of the best foods fo THE EAST AND WEST.
fowls. It stimulates With Improved Ventilated Cars, this cornr -
Southern will make production.
trucking not of egg
any Paul is better equipped than ever ever to
mistake if he purchases also this one chemicals used in spraying. Pumps mad What the ox-eyed daisy is to the Northern handle the Orange and Vegetable Cropland
T To use a modem and somewhat thread of cast-iron or steel will soon rust out and meadow the water hyacinth is to insure close connections and prompt despatch
to all Eastern and Western
: :A bare bit phrasing, it is "up to date." become worthless. 2nd. The pump should Southern waters-a great nuisance. Through oars to destination Markets. without .
mar. Professor Rolfs writes with a quaint not only be strongly made but it should : A Northern farmer says we find that change or delay.

,simplicity, which is always homely and have_a powerful leverage so as to work shredded fodder, ears and all, with a lit Perishable freight (allowed by wire and
sometimes even careless; yet these talks easily. 3rd. It should have an automatic, tle clover hay and bran, gives us all the, shippers advised time passing various Junction -
': -'' to Jbis classes are very engaging because or mechanical mixer and valves that will 1 milk the women folks want to take care All points claims and for arrival at destination.and
overcharges loss
his hands and eyes are so occupied with withstand the action of acids. 4th.:I t of. And for fattening steers I I will put t ly adjusted. .prompt

I ;;thepl nts, fruits vegetables, tubers, should be supplied with the best qualityof it against anything raised in Illinois.On See that your goods are marked
a' ;leaves which are before him that he frequently hose. 5th. The pump should be at most Southern farms a crop of corn via F. C. & P. B. R.

'- does not consider how or where tached to side of barrel so that you "stand and cowpeas beggarweed can be grownon :For information call on or address the ua-
his words will fall As a sample of his over" your work or in position to exert the same ground in the same season. dersltrned:
earnestness and directness take the following the greatest amount of pressure with ease It is estimated that the cost of both is but C. B. TAYLOR,Trav.A' t.OcalFk.
; '. '. W. B. TUCKER,Gen.A'g'i
Orlando. .
-"_ .> from the section on cucumbers: and also because in this position the pump $2.50 per ton, and they are worth as much a.Tit.HOLDEN,Trav. A'T S Lf'S: .rJ&
_7. :; *, "If commercial or other concentrated is, not liable to catch on overhanging for horses and cattle as a ton of timothy W.R. FULLER Tray.A'i t.TAJ .

:.. ">. !=1'--f .fertilizer. is to be used, send the best hand branches. hay, for which many farmers: are paying Or N.8. PENNINOTOJ,Tl'IdIe r.
'. ; vS WfVSg38 .;; available to scatter the fertilizer in a We believe that the pumps manufacfr $20.00U ton. Bt,
> *& ; W ,H. PLEABAJjTS, Gwwfcl Fri.
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16 Main Street, ';:-..: ,

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Would Announce 'z -

That They Have Made r .
Special Preparations UUL1Vf\ ,: t
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AT f VERY .JJ..O yIT .,. p Ie S'. ,,, .:, '
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TO INSPECT Otll?;HlfiE" ., -,. HEADQUARTERS \. .,


: THEY are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver- in .4
;1 the Country. If you are'in'need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announcements .- "

f ': : ) write thus for samples and' prices. "

I' :
'Printing:' andr. BookBinding, a' SpecialtyBiOOK ;\ i "X ax
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WINTER HAVEN .NURSERIES ) grass for lawns arid permanent
pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,006 by express; ;35
RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, cents per hundred,postage paid.: If.!!.POWEKS: ,

.. r"', Offer their""":;..,> "' Fine....'. Stock' '.of .OITRUS' TREES at Reduced.. Prices. one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. Noth- awtey, Fla.,
F' si ing taken for less than 25 cents. PHOENIX NURSEKIES.-A CHOICE SK-

i J Advertisements for this column MUST be pre Citrus Trees at bottom prices No
: ParSon Brown1.Rnby.Amory Ja1fa'm'oOds' St. Wash. paid. back numbers. Fourteen years in the business.
1" Send for price list before buying.
F .Tardiff, Danny, King Tangerines,,Villa Franca,Lemons. Send no stamps larger than two cents. PHCBNIX NURSERIES

Triumph' ,'MargK Seedless,.Thornless,Silver Cluster Pomelos. Initials and figures count as one word.. 12-26-13 Braidentown,Fla.{

At $25:per 100, f'o. b. ; 10 per cent off on .500'lots. BUD-WOOD FOB' SALE-LEONARDY FOR EXCHANGE.and budwood in BUDDED exchange CITRUS(for pure
Tardi1f'and Parson Brown.I
blooded Rocks and
: Brown
All trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1J inch diameter. Buds want soo IDS. of Beggarweed seed; must be fowls. F. D. WAITS,Belleview,Fla. Leghorn 2-ij-tf

41, to 6 feet high,first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name. cheap.3-x-3 CYRUS StVPetersbnrg W. BUTLER,'Fla. '

Address:' RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven,.Fla. mHOBOUGH-BKED JL -Brahma Cockerels and MAMMOTH Pullets; Ji.oo LIGHT to 2 oo.

TWO PURE BRED LIGHT BRAHMA Plymouth Rock Pullets, $1.00 each. From prize
for sale, each$1.50; eggs, li per doZe winners. MRS. GOMPERTS.
Address S. C. SMITH, 6 mos Lady Lake,Fla.
Dinsmore, Fla.WRITE .
NURSERIES. BEAUTIFUl, .-NightbloomingQueen
TO W. O. TILGUMAN, PA- ; California grown Calla Lily
c Fla.,and learn bow 'to cause your Bulbs warranted to bloom this season,aoc,plants
MAKE stock to come either sex you wish. 3-13-16 toe; Zanzavarina,isc; Strobilanthus, 150;. Ota
WE A SPECIALTY, SEEDLESS'CITRUS FRUIT TREES. heite Orange, woe; California Violets, loc,2-year

MARSH POMELO (Seedless), JOPPA LATE ORANGE (Seedless), TAHITI LIME (Seedless), FOB 8ALE.-BERKSHIREPIG8FEA- olds,ajc; Lady Campbell same price; Lantana,
in full plumage, single or in pairs, at Sunrise," isc; Pink Oleander, isc; Carnations, -
..., / SATSUMA ORANGE (Seedless)6) EUREKA LEflON (Seedless). farmers'prices WM. B. CAMPBELL, loc; Spotted-leaf Begonia, 150. Hundreds of oth
: 3-13-3 Winter Haven, Fla.T71011 eta RUMLEY'S ROSE GARDEN?--''
c. 7'lt.
., PROPRIETOR Keuka Lake. Fla,

"ORANGE, LEMON, LIME ,AND POMELO TREES. J2*.Turkey-Eggs PALE.-MA31MOTU,nine for one dollar.BRONZE FOR SALE Two Leon county- farms,480 acres s
W. B. CAMPBELL, i 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
Send.for Descriptive Catalogue. LAKELAND, FLA. 3-13-3 Winter Haven,Fla.FRUIT tobacco growing. W.B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,
-- 8-24-tf

Waldo Brown says: "I think that one As a result of the scarcity of the from $5 to $t per gallon. Send forpricelist TREES-I WILL HAVE 20,000
4 good feed ofbran,ft day to fattening pigs and samples to NURSERY of the most popular varieties

is more' economical than; corn,even if it genuine Cuba tobacco, the manufacturers 3-13-5 J. B. LAMONTAGNE Winter Park, Fla. for delivery this fall and winter. Send in your
orders now,and be sure to get what you want.
costs more per ton, for it develops bone Prices and
are looking for something to particulars on application W. K.
and' muscle, and enables them to digest FRESHLY IMPORTED JAMAICA GIN- Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County,Fla;
r; their com better,and I think it gives bet take its place, and as a consequence 16c. each,or 6 for 75C. Fourteen i3-2G-tf

ter meat, not so fat but more lean mixed thereof no less than four of the largest for. |i.so. They can REASONER be divided in BROTHERS planting NO EQUALS IN THE STATE SATSUMA

with the fat. l leaf dealers in the United States are 3-6-3 Oneco, Fla. trees on sweet stock Hart's Late Dancy
Tangerines and Parson Brown budded low,
A correspondent of the Horticultural growing tobacco in this county the SOUR ORANGE SEED, 85 PER trained to sticks. Buds. 4 to 7 feet high. Limited
Gleaner to get rid of rabbits cuts sweet FRESH Bitter stock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, In-
Cassava Seed
Does this
present year. look ,like the ; $3 per 100
potatoes in three or four pieces and smears feet. Collection of fifteen kinds desirable Jamaica terlachen, Fla. 10-10-15
the cut, portions with, strychnine. It so Florida tobacco wont burn, or ca Vegetable Seeds and Tubers,liberal quantities
Ife* disagrees with Bre'r Rabbit that he is Insipid? We think not for these I and extras,$5. Cash with order by registered NURSERY TBEES.-CARNEY.' PARSON
t no gentlemen mail or draft on New York, f.o.b. Plant Line, @, Grape Fruit budded low on
: 4 longer a pest. : are men of intelligence, have ; March 11 and 27. BURNET & REID. sour stock at very reasonable prices.

No man who farms his land aright will had considerable experience i in the i 3-6-4 Ewarton Jamaica.NE1V 6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake,EU.

ever have, need for the of SALE OR EXCHANGE.-A Fine Bear
_ any purchase handling of the Florida tobacco and I JERSEY SWEET POTATOES FOR
Orange Grove-a south side lake Cront-
f nitrogen for any of, the, ordinary farm' ought.to be able to speak seed or feed. Nansemond and Jersey i a railroad front, and one mile from town. Also
crops,provided he supplies in the }proper I Cream,straight goods, $i per bushel, f.o. b. j fine vegetable and strawberry land. Send for
place the phosphoric acid and potash that its meritS.-Quincy New Era. E. A. PUCK,-
.; ,are:needed:=Wi F, )!assey.- '4.e, 3-6-8 Orlando, Fla. i 16 12 Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla.

The 1e: Is truly half the herd, but the A very interesting meeting of our SPANISH PEANUTS FOR SEED, 81 FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE. new 200-Egg
; dams compose the other half. The latter Beggarweed. seed,' $..50 per and Brooder. Address "D,"
vegetable held Collins bushel tf Care of Farmer and Fruit
growers was at ; 75C. per peck., Grower.
can be bred the former Cannot.
up, BEN J. N. BRADT.
Hall last Saturday, W.W. Baker, vice- 3-6-3 Huntington IMPERIAL PEKIN DUCK EGGS for HatchJL -
An ideal garden will result in an ideal president The object is to originate ing. Setting of 13 for$2.00;three settings for
. : farm.. They are pretty sure to go together SEED ;5,00. Address MRS. MARY KLEMM;
FOR 750
.!! .- plans to secure cheaper freight rates on CASSAVA 2-6-6 Winter Haven,.Fla,
in feet.
Soils'abounding decomposed vegetable per ,
matter are generally most valuable for vegetables. John Clark as chairmanof GEORGE W. FARNHAM, LATE AND
3 3 Maitland
,cultivation of onions. a committee appointed to confer and Buds. Write for prices eta
It is with Mr. I23 tf W.IL; MANN, Mannvflle. Fla.
more' profitable to plant trees one McMillanturpentine distiller YOUR BERRIES ORANGESCabbage ,

ft t and two years old than larger. in regard to building a tramroad to the and all Fruits and Vegetables, toSAMDF.L DEODORIZED BLOOD MEAL-If you

There is no excuse for a farmer not bay St. Johns river, made his report. Hon.B. corner City WHITTON and Green ,streets Commission, Utica,N.Merchant Y. Write, feed it. Send for circulars and Guaranteed plenty of eggs,
_ ing an orchard, large to us.- Let us know what have, what as rep-
enough supply E. McLin made a interesting you or you resented. c.lt. SMITH, State Agent
.; Z his own family uses.If the old orchard very will have,and we will tell you what produce will 2-20-6 Seabreeze Fla.
speech and other biing best prices. Car lots .
a specialty.
amoug good thingshe Quick
;; :is dying out. Bet a new one of varieties returns References: Bradstrect's Mercantile -
: which will ripen in summer,fall and win said was, that the rates on vegetables Agency,Second National Bank. ... EGGS FOR HATCHING LIGHT BRA-
which had been increased six and Plymouth Rocks: bred for utility.
81.00 per 13. Mas. GOMPKRTS
r starting an orchard avoid too many cents per crate to Northern markets,, 1 Farms in the State,for less than cost of build Lady Lake, Fla."

., ::" ',varieties,and select those that you know. had been placed back at former rates. ings.-27-3 T. K. GODBEY.a Waldo, Fla.. CALLA LILY BULBS-California grown,
... *',do--, well- in your. -locality, On motion, a company was organizedto in 8-inch large, 20 cents, free by mall. Plants
; '_ "It is health you: wish? Then try eating build a tramroad from Umatilla to IMPERIAL PEKIN DUCK EGGS FOR RUMLEY'S pots ROSE GARDEN, ,Keuka 50 cents.P1*.
Setting of thirteen, f oset of
-more ripe fruit. 4If eaten in moderationIt i. ;
i a point on the St. Johns river.-Uma ducks two ducks and a drake.4Addres..
: will nst hurt you but will
uild_ ,you MRS. MARIE KLEMM. TREES at Reduced Prices.
tilla item.in Eustis Lake NURSERY
t up,as nothing else can. Region. 2-27-4 Winter Haven, Fla to close out our surplus stock of
t ; trees we will greatly redtide prices on all leading
.. : ,Oleomargarine has been, used! for axle varieties. Send in your orders early.
_" 3 greasearid. for' soap in washing cloth es. It is estimated that there will be at TJUDWOOD FOR SPRING BUDDING. W. K. TRIMBLE,
; .It is not dear for that purpose at seven least JD All leading varieties for sale at. $.per 1,000. a-2o-tf Braidentown,Fla.,
75,000 crates of tomatoes shipped Centennial, Homosassa, Nonpariel and Majorca
cents'per at which Arinpuj
0' pound
price are Js I 000. Satsuma,
per Tangarine,
; from Sanibel Island this IiBrowaDurol STOCK AND BUD WOOD.
_ <,: &CoArnisn it" to the Soldiers'Home season. Blood, Amory Blood, Ruby Blood NURSERY a few thousand Orange.Lemon

.in,Dayton;Ohio. and Pomelos are $8 per 1,000. King Boon /s and Grape Fruit trees for sale. Prices from 15 to
i' = Plat form Early, Pineapple and Marsh's Seedless are f[.50 25 cents each. J. W. & I'. D.WAITE Magna
: lice the enlargement or galls per [oo. All buds warranted free from all insect lia Nurseries,Bellcriew, FU. '2-13-tf
found'bnjsome trees. ORANGE TREES, 15c.-g,500 T_rdlff pests and from bearing trees. -
.. '> ; young
:., j'"; March, 1896; now 4 to 7 feet W. K TRIMBLE
( v.i: ettucd.'with heads like a cabbage, is high, absolutely free from all Insects. Trained a-20-tf Braidentown, I'1&. BRILLIANT CHANCE-A, inside the limits BEARING of the
to stakes rap
w ti ; strong. healthy and thrifty. Will be
'demanded in the Eastern markets. The sold JdlY-&TOWlDg'tOwn of St. Petersburg,will be sold
Y at 15e. each. Order
at and receive
once UD
loose-headed kinds not marketable ,on account of owner's death.. Address BOX
a bargain._ 13 Franca Lemon,Triumph and Marsh Seedless) 524 Jacksonville, Fla.
",' there.. ELOISE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE CO., Grapefruit at$tSo per thousand; 'Pineapple, Is "
\i 3-13-2 Eloise, Fla. thousand. GEORGE E. SNOW .
v* The.cow is ,the farmer's machine for per ..-
,' '., 3-13-3 2astJakd,Fla. f THOSE WHO CONTEMPLATE+
inanufacturinc :the rough! products into

,0: ". .the. finished dairy product. THIS SCYTHE WRENCH CITRUS NURSERY TREES. Planting Melons, either for market or home

'" '< :Ideal farming is to convert all raw ma. (Patent applied for.) IS NEVER LOST use should buy their seed of me. I hare all ys4.riedel .
K AU the leading varieties at lowest Prices,Car ,and to those purchasing of me I furnish
: t relInto beef pork,:butter,eggs, poultry ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet Paper full directions for growing,giving each purchaser
,,' '. ,-etc., and thus.keep the fertilizers on Rind St. Michael,Pierces' Ruby Jafla,' Pineapple the benefit of my fifteen years in Melon Growing.
4. .-.. lie farm.> O Majorca, Cunningham, Homosassa and Monticello,Ffa. W,M. GIRARDEAU
'; ", ; ',The: people; are i1,-favor of the Nica- Hart's Walters Ute Everett Pernambuco and Marsh's, Improved.Seedless Triumph GrapeFruit ) FRUIT TREES VINES

;r ':;rrneua canal.but believe it should,be built I WANT AN AGENT in ,Satsuma,Tangerine and King All fine ,
everycounty l lI one year old buds, on four and five yeat.old PLANTS and NOT TREES.
r and::owned T>y>the United States. The to sell this WRENCH I to
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock
'x government .has, had sufficient Farmers. It fits all Scythes. To 1 dormant Willbud For Southern Orchards, Car-
;;. exper- t on contract to any varieties partiesmay
: iwee'in endorsing the bonds of show it is to seU it. Sample wrench desire.' Fine Kumquat Rudwood for 1 dens and Grores. No agents;.
aa e -

corporations Write for
; by mail 20 cents; six for fit,. Particulars price list.
.: .:on,the'Central and Union Pacificrailroad free. AddressH. Correspondence solicited. Address C W. Fox,
Villa Lake Nurseries Frnitland CO.
Park, Lake ,
;" *.-Southern. Ruralist O. KRUSCHKB, Berlin,'Wis., Co., Fl&. 94645 TIm &nUl t t5 GJUi
,. R'f. '"l .
'"::!. : '

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t : 't. 1897. THE FLORIDA- FARMEB AND :PBUIT. aoWEfl." :1iy


j i i U
iE :" / OF ,SAvANNAH ;..

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. j' J...M. BARNARD, General Agent, Savannah, Ga.

'f Proposed Sailing Dates for March, 1897 : ,


t- Pier 34, North Rlver--S P. M 111
La Grande Duchesse........................ .. ..............................,.....Tuesday, March 2 4- y .
City of Augusta ...........................,"!' .......................-...........Thursday. March 4 1. $f t 4.
Kansas CIty.................. .. ...........,...... ......... ............ .... ...Saturday, March l
< City of Birmingham..*... .................:...... -.. .......................... Tuesday, March 9 1o
J La Grande Duchesse......................................... .... ......Thursday, March it \
City of Augusta.......................u........... ............;..............Saturday, March 13
Kansas City... ......... ................ ...;.............. ... ....e...... ....Tuesday March 16
City or 11Irniingham.................................................*........Thursday, March 18 n
La Grande Duchesse....:........ .... ................ .... .'...... ............ Saturday, March 20 +
City of Augusta... .............................._...!..................,.. ..Tuesday, March 23
Kansas City..., .!;.......................................... .... ...........'...ThursdayMarch 25 4
City of 1III'DlIngham...... ...............',, ..............."!'.................Saturday, March 27
LaGrande Duchesse........... ..? ................................Tuesday,.March 30
G.M. SORRBLL, Manager, New Pier No.3S,North River.


Nacoochee..................................................-.......-..............Thursday Mar.4
Chattahooehee.................;'. ... ..............................*............Thursday, March u .
Nacoochee .............. ...................................Thursday, March 18 Finest Cuisine and Service. No .
Chattahooehee............................A...... .......... ...................Thursday, March 25 Trantjers Xetteeen Jaeksonrille and New YM'lI.The
Nacoochee.:........RICHARDSON.................&...BARNARD...... ........Agents.......,.Lewis's.... ....Wharf.. .........Thursday. ,Aprils Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:

PHILADELPHIA TO ,SAVANNAH. (Direct.) "Comanche" (new), "Algonquin Iroquois Cherokee" "Seminolo1 l
"' Pier 18, foot Spruce Street-3 P. M. "" .:
: City of Macon..... ................. ... ................ ............. :........Monday, March i .
Gate City.......................... s..Friday, March 5 '
City of Macon."..................................... ..!".....................Wednesday,March 10 NORTH BOUND.
Gate City.....................!............,........ ....... ...... ......... ... ... Monday March 15
City of Macon.................................... .. .... ..... .... .. ........Saturday, March 20 Steamers are appointed to sail according tothe tide.
Gate City.................... ... .............. .......!.:..........n............Thursday, March 25
City of Macon ........Tuesday. March 30 From JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston),..m.... .......Sundays Tuesdays and Thursday
M. HAMMOND, Pier 18, foot Street.SAVANNAH '
': Agent Spruce Krom: CHARLESTON S. C., .............................. ......... Mondays,Wednesdays and Friday. .
II For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily paper
Central ((90- Meridian) Time-ag below.

Kansas City.. ......Tuesday.. Mar. 2.6.30 p.m. City of Augusta.....Thursday, Mar. 18,630 p.m. SOUTH BOUND.Steamers c
City of Binn'gh'm..'.. Ths'day Mar. 4,600 p.m. Kansas City.........Saturday,Mar.20, q oo p.m.
La Gr'de Duchesse.. Saturday, Mar 6,8.04 p. m. of Birm' appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River New York at 3 p.m., as follows: ,
City of Augusta ......Tuesday, Mar. 9, JI.ooa. m. City g h'm..TuesdaJ, Mar. loooll.m.

Kansas City..Thursday, Mar. 1 1, 7 oo p. m La Grande Duch .Thursday Mar.25,12 noon For CHARLESTON, S. C., ..........................................,Mondays, Wednesdays and FridaysFor
City of Birm'h'm... Saturday Mar.13 3.00 p. m. City of Augusta ...Saturday, Mar. 27 3 oo p. m.
La Gr'de Duchesse..Tuesday, Mar. 16,5 oj p m. Kansas City ........Tuesday Mar. 30.5 oo p. m. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) .................Mondays, Wednesdays Fridays


Central ((90. Meridian) Time-ag below. BOSTON AND JACKSONVILLE-Direct Line, [Freight OaljJCalling

Tallahassee.......Thursday, March.,6 30 p. m. Nacoochee........Thursday, March 25, 7 00 p. m
Nacoochee ......Thursday, March u.7.00 p. m. Chattahoochee..Thursday,April i,.6 oo p.m.Chattahooch at Charleston S. C.,both ways.
....Thursday. March 18,6.30 p. m.

((00 Meridian) Time-as below. Art appointed to sail as follows:

Gate City............Monday, March r, 5 oo p. Gate City...... .Saturday March 20,7.00 p. m. rom foot of Hogan Street Jacksonville, From Lewis' Wharf, Boston,
City of Macon........ Friday,Mch. 5, 7.00 p. City of Macon..Thursday, March 25,7.00 p. m. THURSDAYS.CLYDE'S FRIDAYS.
Gate City...... Wednesday, March 10, 11.00 a. D1.1 Gate City.......... Tuesday March 30, 5.00 p. m.
City of Macon....;.Monday, March IS,4.m p.
WALTER HAWKINS,,Fla. P. A., W. J. PARRELL, Sol. Agt., .
Jacksonville Florida. ST. JOfifiS LIVER IiIj'1
G.T. C.G. .
Savannah, CaW ...:. '
Jacksonville, Palatha, Sanford,,Enterprise, Fill., and Interinedtea .

; WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., Landings* on the St. Johns River." *:. "',

The Klegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer -
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'Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers ."CITY OU'CAPT JACloCSONVILLR0.W.. A. SHAW ,- ..'C,,;"-;':".-- ." ,

_' 'Is appointed to sail as follows: -- ':;;.:; .<<

aSl WET BA? err., 7ACHMONVILXJ F'ZA. Leave Jacksonville........................!.", ........ Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays at 3.30; p.m

Returning Leave Sanford.9.00 a.m., and Enterprise 9.30 a.m.-.Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. ,.

We, Handle Only the Best, and Most Reliable Seeds. A Com pIe Stock of NORTHBOUND.Read : .' -'


Hay Corn Oats Flour, Bran Wheat Grits Meal Leave"330 Down.p. m. ........................JacklOovil1e............ .......... Arrive Read 2.00&Up. m., :
.. .8045 p. m. .....-. ......... ....Palatta.................... ......... Leave 8.ooPom. : p,
? 3.00 I. m. .__.......................Astor.... ........................ 3.ooP. m. r ;
Cotton Seed Heal Both Bright and Dark: u 40301. m. _........................ tit. Franels......................... ... J-30P. ..
................................................ Beresford .........:.._......... .l. J2.00aooa j'w
Arrive 8.00 a. m. ..................., .... Sauford.........._......._ _... 9-00"rut
STATIC AGENTS FOR "PURE GROUND BONE u 9025 a. m. .................... .... nterprise................... ...... 9.30&... < r

Tpert-Illen Fertlllier Co. NITRATE SODA, General Passenger and Tioket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville'

Stir Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH -- .
A.J. COLE GenJPasfwnger Agent 5 Bowling Green,New York. ,
M. H. CLYDE Assistant Traffic Manager,Bowling Green, New York. .
GUARANTIED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH, THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. ,
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., PloriAa Passenger Agent, 204 WeltBa1&t.J&eboBd1eJk. 9.F
Orange Tree and VegeiaUeFERTILIZER. KAINIT Etc JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street Jackson, le,Fl*. '
J. At LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville FUu, -

Thee Fertilixen hate.no tspcrlor,te. "the market tad'I trial sip. .. "conTteoe' ...'.-. WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agenti, ,- .;. .
S-t.- ...4forCa&l'opefnt.- ,- ". '-.. ,_, #7 ;:...::' '.' .. \'.: 1$.South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowllfiff Gr.a, K'w Yerit.,-<.e, _

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i;".'";. ESTABLISHED 1875.. \ : "..

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.: ... 'ERTILIZERSMade .
; )Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH. 'SEgSS% : :1
GRADE POTASH, with perfect adaptability to ,the "
requirements and perfect mechanical condition! in ; :
: strong, handsome' Bags which'don't rot. .
KT"The cheapest brand for the quality in the
G.r. market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul ? .
i 1._ ._ -. _- tural Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. '

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'T' Spider,andotherlnsedstfleainjr oerlodJottbeirdevefopmtnt.Pineapples and Vegetables.Fatal to the
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.< E. BEAN Jacksonville Fla.
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-1<.' *-3. .:f-\' tB-. y1nir" Climate.Ys large returns.from fruit. Mr. EdwardF. for $10, representing his net proceedsfor not large, but they are sweet and
'.. +f' .. J only a little while ago that the Adams, who has for a number of one car of fruit. good. When we consider the number -
,_" : :glowing:descriptions,, the climate.of years been engaged.in growing orangesin The orchards and vineyards of .California -i of commissions, middlemen's prof
... Seg&era:California"dazzled the rest- Southern California, and who.more now represent a larger investment I its, transportation, etc, they have
,- ? leer; :who, desired, change, .and recently was the agent of a cooperative than any other industrial inter- been obliged to pay before they.
..<<. the equally dazzling calculations,as to effort to sell the fruit so that it est, and unless certain permanent, reforms reached the consumer's table, ones almost -..
,. '- the rapidity with which fortunes were might net a little something to the in the trade can be effected, wonders whether the grower did.t
:_i"to' bet made :out. of California' .fruit man-who grew it, has an article in the there is danger that a large proportion not have to pay somebody somethingfor
:. _Sited. ,his)mind'wlth'dreams of*wealth, Forum which gives the other side of of; the capital invested will be lost. taking{ them off his ,bands. The
'.4ptt D _ -,=. We the'climate of .Southern very encouraging colors. He seems serious; the general depression in doubtless delivered, but the opportunities
CaliforniA'still remains,';and so far as earnest and honest, and a few extracts values has temporarily wiped ,out the for acquiring a fortune in'
it formed Ian;i inducement to the large from his article will indicate his equities of the nominal owners; and growing California fruit are yet to ma

number; of'>persons who, emigrated opinion. He says: while partial, recovery is, ;doubtless ,terialize.-Rural- Home. "..,.
,p.hither}> they got:'what they aid! ,'for Fruit raising, as pursued in California to be expected in due time, it is not .. -
': 'The dreams of :wealth from California is the severest and most ex- believed, by the best informed that, In consequence of the immense

:- froft culture,' however have not ma- hausting of agricultural operations, under present conditions of marketing, tourist business done at the Royal .
-. lerialieed,-...and. the, 'plain! } every-day: though the poetic side of it appeals so our orchards and vineyards can con Poinciana and the Palm Beach Inn
,':farmer of.the.Mississippi and'Missouri strongly to the imagination. tinue to maintain those who occupy this'season, it is more than, probablethat
!&11Tt although :by: .no means so My next-door neighbor tells me thatas them in their present standard of com Mr. Flagler will,give instructionsto
:JM'OI sous"as'he'deserves_ and" as we t result of his' last year's eastward r rt." Contractor J. A. McDonald to enlarge
wouId be'glad to see ,him, is, never. shipment he owes his commission merchant The California situation is not at all it this summer. The Flagler
in better:hape than: the mass $40 A grower in one of our encouraging. The present writer is hotels have done something' like 40. <<
TtoI those,who.'have made:very'coninvestments'on best districts-has framed in his sitting. now eating, on his, family table, oranges per cent. more. business 'this season -
the 'Pacific room; unless his necessities have'compelled purchased at retail at'the rate of .i over what they did at a correspo&&ig '..'
with the expectation'of securing ,him to use it lately, a check two dozen for a ,quarter. They areS time last pear Titusville,AdvOcte..

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