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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00113
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 30, 1897
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00113
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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FLORIDA FARMERa: ; "! 'tf v?- ".



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*.2 PER 'YEAR, WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH." $2 PER YEAR.

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B. Powers,Editor. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, JANUARY 30, 1897. Whole No. 1460 JfKVv SEBIKS.

'_ _" ____ __ ,_ __._ _, u. ._ ,__._ u_ .. _________, Vol: JXg No&

T'The' Largest Fruit GrowersHIGHEST FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA.Plums .

a Know the'Best Varieties and the
(over 30 varieties, Wickson, Red June, Hale White Kelner,18 new
QUAUTY kinds). Peaches,(Sneed,Triumph,Suber,over 70 varieties). Pears,Kaki,Nuts,
BEST TpES: TO PIS \ fi. Grapes,Oranges, Lemons,Pomelos, Kumquats,Roses,etc. J

iJOWEST I1tICES We shipped more peaches from our own orchards this Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals.t
rnC/ """ season than all other growers in this section combined1i1I.1111 .
and made big MONEY at it. .

l"iEPAlD Bill Trees Prom ]flURSERMEN Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.

Ie A handsome, -page Catalogue for Isgft-W,with over 50 engravings. Gives
D ; I. WHO>> ARK FRUIT GROWERS adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions recent exper
ience in orchard and market with varieties new and old,with full cultural In-
Everything for' the. South. formation. TbisUpToDate ,
HORTICULTURAL HAND-BOOK FREE
Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Craps,
Nuts Ornamentals Roses Etc. Etc. Etc. Investlgatlonjinto the Requirements of Florida Orchards.
,
350 Varieties. A MILLION and a half trees. Over 300 acres. 15 Y ears { Experience and Experimentlng: Growing Florida Fruits. ,
2To BETTER stock to select from. None so LARGE.New Extensivejpropagation of.Trees for Florida Planting. ._
Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations, 28 New Photographic.Views, Free on .

application. POMONA NURSERIES, GLEN ST. MARY NURSERY CO; }

THE GRIPPING BROS.Co. Inc. Macclenny. G.TABEB, President. GLEN ST. MARY, FLA"'"_,
A.H.MANVILLE, .
Successors to W. D. Grifflng. Fla. Secretary.SEEDS 1. .

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FOR THE>TWENTY-SECOND YEAR->- + JFIJlJIt HULL GROW I r

W. W. HAWKINS & SONSAre

offering Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 1896-1)7.) .
All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds; All Budded low
.' .,
and from Bearing trees.
For Best Seeds at Lowest Prices write for List for '
1897.
* VARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME. *. # '# my 1-
Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices.Low. The Largest Stock in the State, and every seed New' Crop. \
Send postal for Descriptive catalogue toxv. '
w. ETA/wKiiveB & eiorcs I handle only the products of Seed Growers of National Reputation, such 'as

Georgetown Fla Henderson, Landreth, Ely, etc. <<

The CQihaaakeeHplopida Orange Co., BURTON K. BARRS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. .I

::4M.m.: ,
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DUNEDIN, HILLSBORO CO, FLA. ORANGE TREES. >' '.
.
Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown In an experience ( .
of thirteen consecutive years. The stock Is large and includes the following widely ,,'
known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown, SATSUMA TANGERINES '
Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa,Majorca,Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seedless PARSON BROWN, ETC., ETO.: .
,Pineapple, Homosassa,and Tangerine. Tardlff and King,Duncan and Marsh Seed-
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon(matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superiorto + + + BUDDING WOOD + + + + 'J
the round).' Bud wood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to correspondents -
Address all communications and make all remittances payable to Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs. .

Milwaukee Florida Orange Co., Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc. .

The Best of Stock. ,Proper Treatment. Low Prices.
DUNEDIN FLA.
,
SUMMIT IYURIIiERIICs1.
D. L. PIERSON,
**GRAFTED PECANS** Monticello,Fla.

From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. .

.SATSUMA AND OTHER ORANGES ON TRIFOLIATA. The .

TrlfoUata stocks one,two and three years old. All stock:clean and healthy. Send for Interesting FRUITS VEGETABLES Largest rj
catalogue. PRODUCE
OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NURSERIES, and
We receive and Mil.IB of lo* J. H. QIRARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla' '
all Product of the PARPEN,ORCHARD.LAl- lost
BY,-$HENlfEBY and PARK: Market EeporU.
Reference,etc,free upon application. Addres.No. Com plefe
VueltaAbaj o Tobacco SeedNOW .eil liberty Street PITTSBURGH.Penn'a.
SOMERS, BROTHER c.CO.. Estah.lishment. '


READY FOR DELIVERY.,
Send for Annual Descriptive SoatL
se CATALOGUE,
IMPORTED This Season's Importation from Cuba. Packet. 15 cents, half a e It newly contains Issued and everything revised. Geo. S. Hacker & Son
SEED. ounce,55 cents; ounce,I r.oo;quarter pound,KM;one pound,$10.00. needed by the Horticulturist ,
t f and plant-lover. Manufacturers of
PLANTS and TREES for
Orchard, Window, Lawn BUILDING MATERIAL
F FLORIDA GROWN/ SEE'DOne Year's Growth In Florida from Imported Seed. $ or Greenhouse. Largest CHARLESTON. S. C,
to cents balk ounce, cenU ounce ants
; 30 ; SO ; rpt colle&ioa to select from Purchase
makes,which
pound$fso; pound,$540. s4 our we guarantee '
quarter in the South.
superior to any sold South and thereby SATO
H. G. HASTINGS &; CO. money. :
:
Bend for our illustrated catalogue. Interlaehen, Florida' REASOHI BROTHERS. ONECO, FLA. I7-WI1DOW AIOFAICYCUH A IPDIJ1Tr.'

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88 A-- THE FLORIDA' ';FABMEB AND' FBUIT-GROWEB. JANUARY SO.,

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Strawberries Ice.The sustenance of horses, cattle, hogs and L. ,

on sheep, whose manure will supplementthe

? celebrated T. &T. Strawberry Refrigerators rich stores of nitrogen gathered by NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING.We
are the universal favorite of Florida. these crops from the atmosphere and .

growers.Give. Perfected"service after for yean of experi plant food for continuous crops. have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour
ence. fruit.
'"".* good: good One great need of the South_ is more and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having
t TEUBY & THOMAS stock, and more feed for stock grownon i been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.
Starke, Florida.
.po .... the land. The sale of beef, pork, Following varieties guaranteed true to name:

12,000 Apple Seeds FRENCH CRAB, lard, butter. cheese, eggs and poultry MAJORCA MED. SWEET, RUBY SANFORD BLOOD MED, PARSON ST. MICHAEL BROWN
in one pound. JAFFA HART'S
leave nine-tenths of the plant food LATE NAVEL.
The quality of our seed being best, and TANGERINE HOMOSASSSA. SATSUMA
other conditions,favorable a big supply of taken up by the crops; but the sale of and GRAPE FRUIT. .

full stocks price mar list be of had IMPORTED for a few and dollars.Native Send Fruit for cotton, tobacco, hay, corn and grain cents A few each.hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3 to 4 feet. Price,SO and 75

Stocks and Seeds' Manetti Rose and Raffia removes the nitrogen, potash and
for,budding and grafting. BUDWOOD.
phosphoric acid contained in them
THOMAS EreEpATT & SONS and necessitates restoration commercial Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reduced
Box P. Germantown, Pennsylvania. by in October on some varieties. For full particulars,address '
fertilizers at a cost of $40.00 a HASTINGS & WYLIE,
e ton. At the same time the'farm loses Interlachen, Fla.
the mechanical effect of the humus in

preparing the soil for its best adapta-

tion to plant life and the bacteria that

w. 4 come vegetable from stable matter.manure and decayed 15,000 BUDDED TREES. .


',' NO TRESPASSWhile With intensive farming, rotation of All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon '

duly grateful to other fence manufacturers crops fed on the farm, the growth of roots,. grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge'land.:'
for their strong endorsemen of the Coned Spring nitrogen gatherers there need be no Also of varieties and full line of
we must 'dedine with thanks all offers of assistanceIn strawberry plants newest a tropicaland 1
supplying the demand. We created It and can fallow land nor crop liens, no run semitropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.
take care of It. down farms.
PAGE.WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., AdrianMIch. Less cotton and more corn. Catalogue on,application.

Less cotton and more hay. JOHN B. BEACH, Indian River Nurseries,
Less cotton and more stock.
lorida (Established 1886.)
: Less cotton and more hogs.
,ands Less cotton and more fruit. WEST PALM BEACH, FLA.

Less cotton and more poultry. .
Oranges (r -
%, ,;4'f,. Less cotton area, and more cow

kcorts peas, and beggarweed and grass alter- JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD,

nating with grain and root crops will T. BAYA.President. THOS. W. COVie President.H. .
vestments result in the redemption of Southern Cashier. Assistant; Cashier.

farms without the fallow ground.- CAPITAL $100,000.


Developmentsictions '" .': ", (..$. A4. Southern Ruralist...- .... THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK

Humus and Its Relation to Soil Fer ,

tility. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
Address, L. A. Clinton, .assistant agriculturist Respeetyullysolieits your Deposits,Collections and General

G.. D. ACKERLY, at Cornell University, says that a Banking Business.

CEN(" .PAISCNCCM AQtNT,# certain amount of humus is absolutely -

I THE\ TROPICAL. TRUNK LINE, essential to soil fertility. Its value lies Depositors offered every facility: which, their bal-
i not so much in its chemical influenceas
JACKSONVILLE FLORIBA.Leading ances business and responsibility warrant
in its physical action. It is a great ,

r. reservoir for the storage of nitrogenand SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00

.. moisture. It affects the temperature PER YEAR, UP.DIRECTORS .
-
of the soil by making it warmer.

Humus, and its relation to soil mois- I
_' dealers ture, is usually not taken into consideration John L. Marvin. Church Anderson, Chas.'Marvin,
H. T. Baya. W. M. Davidson, Judge R. B. Archibald
,everywhere sellFERRY'S by the average farmer, yet it is Dr. H. Robinson.
in this way that it exerts its most ben-
-
eficial action on the soil. It is ableto
,SEEDS absorb moisture from the atmos- farmers who raise pullets to take the tion had been simply rubbed over
of their hens make the point with white of and marvelouslyfresh
Don't riak the lose of time,labor and ground phere, and having once taken it up, places egg,
4 f b planttngseedsofnnknownpnalIty.. The market fa fall of cheap: holds it.When. that they must get more eggs from and sweet, it is said, they
unreliable seeds. FERRY'S SEEDS pullets than from hens, but .they over looked, considering that they had re-
ant I win the beet:do not accept we plow under a green cropor
: '.'substitute.Seed Annual Fret stable look the fact that they have the henson posed at the Bingley Hall since Aug.
then
manure, we are not only
D. M.FERRY& CO.,
. hand, and have to feed the pullets i. Twelve months ago the prize
Detroit, Mlch.r adding plant food to the soil, but we
are adding this valuable humus, whichis until they reach maturity. It is just dozen had only been rubbed with

able to retain 181 cent of its the same as if one raised a heifer at butter wrapped in paper, and packedin

,. weight of moisture. per Here is where I every opportunity, and sold the cow. lime, such processes being sim

Lying Fallow. farming with commercial fertilizers Now, a hen will give just as many eggs plicity itself, and proving conclusivelythat
when she is five or six years old as such methods as coating the shells
. It is'a mystery to-the traveler from fails. Though we may give all the
.:" the Middle and Eastern. States in pas. plant food necessary for the growth when younger and the reason so with olive oil and beeswax are unnec-

sing,through the'South: why so many and development of the plant, the many prefer pullets is that while pul- cessary. It may be added that the

fields with the remnants of last year's commercial fertilizer does not add humus lets are growing they do not so readily second prize collection this year were
become fat. The hens fatten quickly, merely coated with white of and
'>t corn or.cotton are unplowed alter the to the soil. If its use is contin- egg
of ued after without hence the mistake has been in over- packed in flour.-London Live Stock
, time planting. year year being sup.
feeding them, and not because the i Journal.
} The .Southern farmers' rotation is plemented by green or barn manures,
, ..
hens not to The ----* ,
are equal pullets. ,
cotton, corn,' and from one to ten the humus of the_ soil finally used '
years'.. fallow ground for the land to up, and the crop fails because there is use of pullets every year leads to de The DeLand News, figuring on a
.
. generacy. Eggs from hens are larger, cassava factory, gives detailed figures,
recover stores of plant food, ,and no power in the soil to hold moisture.Old .
and the hens chicks. that of
produce onger showing an acre. cassava can
, in the meantime he sends to Illinois,
Michigan or'Maine for hay with which Hens and Pullets. Keep your old hens as long as theyare be grown at a cost of$34.50, and will.
proving serviceable. worth
i ,to feed his stock while in ,the crops oft The practice of hatching out pullets yield products $65.
.
I beggarweed, cow peas, and in many] every year to take the place of hensis Hundreds of bushels of sweet potatoes
parts of the South red clover and not always a good plan. Bear in Preserving Eggs. are being shipped to other States

other grasses he might have fodder mind that before a pullet becomes serviceable At the Birmingham show in Eng-- from Bartow.

! crop of greater' muscle making and she must be raised. It is the land, prizes are given for the most Twenty-two milch cows from Union

r fat forming elements than in the North first cost that must be met before she perfectly preserved eggs. ;At the exhibition Springs, Ala., were sold at auction in

era purchased, hay and grain for the will give a profit. A large number of this year the winning collec- Tampa last week at good prices., ..>

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FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER.. WE '"


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Grove &Orchard. 'Along the coast a variety is common, ngtonia' and one or two others of the which is a great advantage, since the .
j showing a glaucous or silvery shade, commoner greenhouse fanpalms.The others need constant attention in this ii .,
-... almost as marked as that of the Cali-- European Dwarf Palm makes respect if it is desired to keep them to [,
Hardy Palms in Florida-I. ; fornia blue palm (Erythea armata) but itself at home in all our drier soils and a single stem. If neglected for any
Written for,the Farmer and Fruit-Grower well characterized specimens of this assumes a handsome tree shape in length of time the innumerable bayonet
by'T. L.'Mead,Oviedo,Fla. are rarely if ever found in the interior, from ten to twenty years, the longtime points of the basal leaf spines make
For general effect there are three where the color is usually a deep required to attain important size "suckering" an unpleasant and almost
principal types of palms available in green. As far as my experience goes, being the only objection to its extensive certainly a painful task. .
Florida north of the almost tropical legion the saw palmettoes usually fail to pro- use in our garden and avenues. The remainder of the dates cultivated :
where the cocoanuts flourish. duce fruit in the interior. In Orange The Washingtonias from Californiaare here are more or less dwarf' -in -
They may be represented by the pal. county I have sometimes' searched for equally hardy but very hard to stature and apt to have their l leaves J i"
metto, the date palm and the hardy miles, almost continuously overgrownwith suit as to soil and location. They browned by frosts that do not injure 1 .
species of cocos.from temperate South this palm, without finding a soon perish in ordinary ground, neither the two just mentioned, ,and hence
America. Each of these types may be single berry, while on the coast, at : sand nor muck, high pine nor should, if possible,be given somewhat -
divided into two sections, one contain- the same season the fruits are readily high hammock being at all to their sheltered, half shady situations.
ing tall trees suitable for avenues, the collected in large quantities, being liking. In flat woods with clay near Phoenix leonensis' has bold, deep "
other smaller plants that might fairly used it is said, for medicinal purposes. the surface they often do finely and green, erect leaves; P. farinifera leaves '

included under the term shrubbery. The last native palm on the list, surpass any other palm in rapidityof lighter in color and, less erect', .while;
The,first is that of the in P. recline in low
type palmetto the needle palmetto, (Rhapidophyllum growth. A single small plant set pumila they curves.
familiar to us all. Nearly all.the hystrix) is local,:being found in out neat the edge of' a drained pond All three make trunks several feet highif
; very ,
West Indian allies of the suckers removed
our cabbage pal- are,constantly
some rich, low hammocks in great bottom near my house has, attained a ,
metto(Sabal palmetto) are hardy here, abundance, both in Georgia and Florida height of twenty feet in eight years as will also Phcenix rupicola, the
but they are so closely similar in gen- but these habitats of the speciesare and seems perfectly healthy; twenty f fountain palm, whose graceful leaves
eral appearance to our native species widely separated and not often met others set out to encircle the same have their divisions in one plane, like -
that few'people, except botanical experts with. Its most striking peculiarity' pond all perished after a few years of those of P. canariensis.. ,

,,can tell them apart. first view consists in the long, sharp, puny existence, nor have any others [Remainder next week) ] ., .'(, ..;
Good-sized cabbage palmettoes are survived of some hundreds or more '
black spines projecting in every direc- ., .,
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not difficult to select the -
transplant; tion from the dark fibers that cover the planted in different situations' over Letter from Major,Campbell. ". =\.:
thickest, sturdiest trunks you can find; the place. Most of these were from I ,
trunk; these spines are often more Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. .
if possible get them from sandy land than a foot long, and,taper towardsthe seed guaranteed by the collector to The matter of fences for, profit, is.by .'
instead of from flatwoods clay, and in have come from the Robusta type, with although
attached end like porcupine quills, no means original me,
digging' chop the roots off near the so they may be quite easily pulled out. which is thought to do better in Flor- I had thought of it, and ad-
stem, but, do not, chop into the stem ida than the
common Washingtoniafilifera. vised it before I saw it put into ;
Their use seems chiefly to protect the prac
itself off the
; cut every'leaf tree; this tice.
.
inflorescence which rises them ;
among t '
is very the important' trunk well; and watered after planting and the and before opening resembles a large, The Chinese ,Fan Palm (Cham- J knew: a man in antebellum ,times,
keep is almost live., I have white egg nestled in among the thorns. aerops excelsa) does well in most who every spring planted! all the May
tree sure to This palm bears the stammate and pis. soil, but rarely lives long on high Duke and Early Richmond cherry
numbers
transplanted with trunks large about of them, tillate flowers on separate plants,therein land. It is perfectly hardy as regards trees, in the fence corners around a >
feet
trees
eight
differing from all the other native frost which unfortunately is not the ten acre field, he could get.
covered with the latticed leaf-
high stalks, and about ''hun- palms mentioned here, and the male case with the most effective and pop- On being asked why he,wanted ,so
dred weighing each and where eight plants are by ,far the most numerous. ular greenhouse fan palms, Livistona many cherry trees, as but few people ,
pounds well watered, almost they The woolly clusters of seeds are borne sinensis(commonly called Lataniabor- at that time sold cherries, he repliedhe
were kept A number that every on short stems and hardly project bonica) and L. australis.Corypha( was very fond of seeing women
lected one'grew.in this' were died. neg- above the surrounding,chevaux de frise australis of the catalogues.) These and woodpeckers around, and where- #
respect mostly of spines. grow very slowly on high land but ever there, was plenty of cherries,
Of the other natives, brief mention would be valuable for moist locationswere there would always, be women and
will suffice for all but one, the needle This palmetto transplants with the they not so readily disfigured'' wood-peckers. One, was as sure to.
palmetto. There are two dwarf pal- greatest facility,and though found nat- and even defoliated by the frosts II' come as the other. He demonstrated,
mettoes, one inhabiting swamps (Sabal urally only in swamps and muck-beds usual in low places. however, by the time ,his rail fence
adansoni) with flat leaves and up- it'grows equally well when transplanted Leaving the fan palms we come to needed, re-setting and repair, he: had '
right fruitstalks, taller than the to any ordinary Florida soil, whether the date palms-different species of not only living fence posts to string
leaves. The other is found in dry white on high land or low. It is not nec- the genus phoenix. The date palm telegraph ,wire to--there was no
scrub land and seems to have ,been essary even to remove the leaves; once itself is easily grown from seeds taken barbed wire then-but sold enough < .
overlooked by the botanical manuals, when digging muck for fertilizer I had from dates of commerce, and occasionally cherries that season .to buy,'his wire;,
it is distinct from the uprooted needle palms piled in a ,
although entirely some varieties grow with sat- and continued to sell cherries ,every .
the species. The leaves -are heap until I, had decided where to but rule their make his fence -
swamp isfactory rapidity, as a season, enough to rows f
strongly arched like those,of the,cabbage plant them. ,Being neglected,and the growth is disappointingly slow, some-' the most profitable part oi his farm.,
palmetto, and the fruiting stalksare rainy season coming on, nearly every times not more than two or three feet' I also knew another man, to'do the,; ':
short and'rest on the ground. It palm pushed roots through the sidesof in a dozen years. Phoenix sylvestris, same thing with peaches }in' Kansas,.
has no trunk but the leaves spring its trunk as i it lay in the heap and the wild date of India, while of the' who came over into Missouri and
from a swollen, 'bulb-shaped rootstock continued to grow. The tallest speci- same milky green tint, and very simi- bought several bushels of the finest .' -
deep down in the sand. I have suc-' men I ever found had an upright lar ,in aspect to the common date, is a peaches he could find simply for the.
cessfully transplanted this as well as trunk four feet high, the leaves extending rapid grower, and does well both on seed, which he planted in nursery and. :
. the swamp species,by ,observing the six or seven feet'from the high and low land. It will make a then transplanted around a twenty ,
same- precautions as with the cabbage crown in every direction, but the average tall trunk in fewer years than any other acre field, and in a few years had not t
palmetto.l specimen will not exceed two phoenix in cultivation here, though it only living posts to stretch barb wire-
feet in height of trunk. It is a charm- attains the massive bulk which then into use-but
The saw palmetto (Serenoa serru- never of the was coming
lata) is only too well ,known to most ing palm, the upper surface of the Canary Island date, which is the most peaches of the finest kinds to sell from
of,us. It is dificult to transplant, and leaves is.dark shining green relieved by stately palm available to us. This the,first of July to October. ,
many settler. has learned to regret the pale gray of the under surface as species (Phoenix canariensis_ ) is easily I find even here in Florida, a man
the "clean,sweep" made in clearing the foliage sway in the wind, while recognized by the dark rich green of utilizing his fence row for profit. ,He :.
his l land at _first, especially where !the the black, _fibrous. trunk_and formidable its fronds, whose divisions lie nearlyflat has a post and rail fence around a
luxuriant' clumps of ,almost tree-like spines always attract attention, and its that is, in the same plane. It formsa large garden in which he raises all:
specimens of this palm have been easy translocation to any soil makes i it massive trunk, three to four feet kinds of truck. Against his fence he.;
sacrificed one of the most available and effectiveof thick with of of from and butter beans eachof
since few plants present a a spread foliage plants tomatoes ,
more striking and even weird and scenic plants within our reach. twenty.five to thirty feet, and does extremely which he trains to the fence. The
grotesque appearance than an ancient The exotic palms to be grouped with well both on low and high beans soon cover the fence and he
group of saw palmettoes! with ,their our native species, (besides the closely land, though the moister and richer has butter beans to use and to sell
scaly: stems writhing' up out of, the similar West Indian palmettoes already the soil the more rapid the growth will from the first of June ,till frost kills:
ground at,all angles, like tormented referred to), are the dwarf fan palmof be. .. This species and P. sylvestrisare them. His vines were full the,last of,
saurjans, and ending in a hundred Europe, (Chamaerops humilis), and, perhaps our only cultivated dates October when I saw them. I bad
widespread' ,. ,many-fingered leaves., for special,soils, the Californian h- which push. no suckers from the base, been told running butter beans Clw ul4'EAR


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4'68*

'. "' .' THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FEUIT-GROWEB. JANUARY: 30,

.,,; ,
PUSH. YOUR ORANGE TREES When Fertilizing for Fruit, use .

.... by using"The Ideal Fertilizer." Ideal Fruit and Vine Manure,

& -, ," Price $27.00.
PRICE $30.00 PER TON.
.fiGUARANTEED ANALYSIS.
'
Per Cent.
it::.'. ', '"'Moisture .........................................................10 to 12 ANALYSIS
,,. Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal Nitrate of Soda, Blood GUARANTEED :
rl" v and Bone......:.......... ....... .................... 4* to SX Ammonia................................................ 2# to 4 per cent.
,!lrAi( Available Phoa Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone....... 4X to 5tf Available Phosphoric Acid........... ................. 6 to 8 II u
Sulphate Potash.... .. ......... '......................... U to 13 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid ..'.........-................. 1 to 3" "
:M1 Equivalent to Actual Potash.................................. 6 to 8 Sulphate of Potash .... .......................... ...... 20 to 24 .
Magnesium, Sulphate,Lime,Calcium Sulphate.Organic Mat- Potash Actual KaO.... ................................10 to 12 "
ter; etc........'... .... .................... .... .... 65 to 70 Sulphate Chloride, Calcium Sulphate,
*i Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood Magnesium.......... .............................. 65 to 60" M
.1.. Bone,,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring;matter used). Made exclusively from Snlphate of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda, .
,.;This. IB,a_soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitrogen Blood,Bone, Dissolved Bone and Sulphate of Potash. .- 8 ,
it. coming from three different ingredients is especially Manufactured by fj:

':'. valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak- WILSON & TOOMBR: : ,
:. ing quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash .
"
"The Fertilizer House of Florida,
.
;Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced. JACKS: : NUILLE. FLK.


We;also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

.: Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

; ', WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.

Write, Us for,Prices before Buying.
1 -t' -WII. SON <& TooadTOR, Jacksonville,
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton.
V .
THE FERTILIZER HOUSE OF FLORIDA.

s
not do/in:+ Florida," hence, never tried mond cherry. They eat as well out large and shade and sap too much handles. For,this Florida can furnish
them and have long been without a of hand when fully ripe, cook as well ground to plant around cultivated timbers to beat the world.
dish'I am very fond of. He keeps his and preserve better than anything of fields. But in making a plantationyou Will have more to say in another
tomatoes thinned of imperfect fruit, the kind I ever saw.I will necessarily have permanent letter about fences.
and pinches them back when growing have only three trees of the late pasture-lots and some of your fencingwill CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, SR.
too rampant, and as a consequence he kind: ; two which have been bearingfor run through waste places; plant Campobello Plantation, Marion Co.
has finer tomatoes than anybody, as a number of years, and your oaks here and they will pay as ..
handsome as oranges.. one just this last summer. well as any fruit trees. I cut down a The Satsuma. Orange Tree
On.another portion of his fence, he Not knowing that there will be any live oak recently which shaded a very Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower
had for"an experiment planted velvet more of this, kind, $25.00 would note important piece of cultivated groundon I read a short article in this paper
beans.*: He says hogs are very fond > any inducement for either of them. which I believe there were five some time ago about the Satsuma tree
of, them, but he has not tried other We don't yet half know what we bushels of acorns. Had I not had and its fruits, and not only agree with
stock yet. have or may have in Florida. I have plenty of others in more suitable places, the same in every particular, but I am
:From.what I saw, I will plant some been) bothered a good deal because I I[ should not have been justified in enabled to make a few additional remarks -
c velvet beans for trial, and will advise could have no cherries. I boughtand cutting itThere based entirely on experience.I .
every farmer to do the same-but not tried to grow several lots on their are enough acorns, and other am, perhaps, one of the first who
:; to plant in the open field, unless they own'roots'' but failed. I sought information mast and grass that go to waste in planted the Satsuma tree and who had,
want to,cut poles and stick them like whether grafting on Mariana Florida to make meat to supply twice succeeded in making the same the best
hops. or wild cherry would succeed. the population.. This should be paying tree in this latitude.I .
From my first experience with or- Can't find any body who knows. utilized. I will say more about this have tried it on sour, sweet and
ange tales, I have been satisfied that Does[ any body know? If so, won't in another article. trifoliate stock, and find that.it will
.) close culture was not the thing for they please tell me. I guess I will There is one other tree that can be only become a paying tree on sweet
them. J was fully confirmed in this graft some and then I will find out used for live fence posts with satis stock. Some nurseries, having no
-:: observing the difference between and every body else shall know. faction and profit l later, the common sweet stock on hand, often bud sour
: my wild droves, which were buddedas That's a New Year resolution and it persimmon. Persimmons grow to per. stock with some kind of sweet buds,
the,trees originally grew, and those has been made every year for the last fection in Virginia; they do not here,as asd then rebud the sweet stock. ButI
.. transplanted and closely cultivated. ten years.I a rule.I found that even that will not do,
Hence I had concluded to transplant just-want to ask one question and and that, in order to: make the Satsuma
all my nursery trees to my rail fence then I will be done with this plum have one tree in a piece of hammock tree grow well, the roots must be
best and
corners and when the fences become question till later.. that bears the largest sweet.It .
insecure to string barbed wire to them. In making a post and wire fence fruit I ever saw; a Japan for eugary is well known that the Satsumatree

:.. J was just carrying this into effect .will it cost any more to dig up a wild sweetness it. is Near not it to be named others along that can stand from six to eight degrees
when the freeze came and killed all 'plum, red-bud, dog-wood, black haw, side of are two more cold than any other vari-
". my trees. But for this, I should now live or water oak and transplant them, bear no fruit. There are two other ety. The tree is thornless and blooms
I in cuitivated field that receivethe
have four miles of orange tree fence and make living fence posts, than it trees a from ten to fourteen days later than
j posts, most of them strung with barbed will to split out and plant dead posts, same cultivation as the crops, other varieties which is of great im-
wire. Don't you_ reckon the wire which at best, only last a few years? that are second only to the former. portance in our frequent spring frosts.
scattered about whichare
grass cattle and the razor-back hogs :experience is that it does not There are many The fruit is seedless, of excellent fla-
either barren bear indifferentfruit
would have looked on with amaZement and the satisfaction of not only having or vor, ripens as early as November ist, '
at that fence? your work permanent, is worth a good ; these I will transplant to a fence and being the only kid glove orangein
It was a pretty hard lick to lose so deal, but the profit and beauty to be row and graft from varieties.the first name,and the market at that time, it is boundto
many pretty orange trees, but I have had from living, blooming fence postsis different Japanese be the best paying variety. It has
not given up my idea of the profitableness worth a good deal more. Did you ever drink any persimmonbeer been said a few years ago by someone
. of living fence posts. I am now To the above may be added pear ? Whether you did or did not in this paper that he has never seen
preparing to transplant a large number trees with good effect. make a barrel next fall and you wont the Satsuma tree bear as much as one-
of plum trees, which 1 have for Your wild plum stocks may be care to drink any more beer. half of box ot fruit. In reply to this
that purpose, that bear and ripen fruit budded with Kelsey, or any other If you make fence with these and statement, I can say that I had trees
from the middle of May till in Octo .I improved plums. Did any body ever your grand children find them to budded in 1888 which averaged four
ber. I wonder if the latter won't fill see anything more beautiful than a shade the ground too much they can and a half boxes in 1894, and five anda
the bill for Mr. Orange's offer in the Kelsey plum or a pear tree in full cut them down and make them Into half boxes in 189S.I .
paper of :diat, of $25.00 for the bloom? If fruit is not the object and shoe lasts and shuttles. Most of the I This, I think, shows beyond doubt
tree. These are not "cherry plums you want beauty as well ai utility, persimmon timber will be destroyed I the advisability of planting Satsuma
tat are seeds from trees of Chick pU&t alternately fifteen feet apart wild by that time a&d (it will be worth something trees more extensively in that part of
attw vfttfctiet; teiae set unlike aUrger plttffl, red-bud, dogwood, peach and the State where frost is apt to injurethe
sherry la I appw&<<, ItYt 1 Wck haw, which will all be in bloomat When asked what business will pay crop during the winter months.In .
MIle M iwtet M My Hef. t cherry, M* the IMK time. in Florida, say a factory to wake shoe conclusion, I will My that, while
*.*tie acid tfcaa M Sarif Kkh I Uft oK'" water ok pow too {Utii sfctitttoi, pully blocks sad the fruit is rather rough looking thst



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1W7. !D FLORIDA 71&30& AND DtTIT-8B WlIL, fD



first two years+ it becomes as pretty As to tomatoes not the tenderestbud

and smooth as the Mandarin after the Pinery. has been touched here up to this Tobacco.

tree has become older. time, and I witnessed the same result ""' ''_.''"';' ''''-

H. FRIEDlANDER. Edited by J. B. Beach.Wed Palm Beach.Pl' here for eight successive winters priorto Is a Revolution Impending in Cigar

Interlachen, Fb., January 19, 1897. the freeze two years ago. Moreover Leaf Tobacco Culture?

Is there not a mistake in the above Letter from Polk County. I have reasons to affirm that at This question is worthy of the closest

dates, 1894 and 1895 ? JAMAICA SORREL. least twenty-five years prior to these attention of all tobacco growers,

eight, all would have gone throughsafe I in view of the remarkable results that
Editor Farmer and Frnlt-Grower:
I here in have followed the introduction of Su-
the and
as was
Letter from the country
SubPeninsula.Editor Should the virtues of this plant be-
witnessed every winter the results of matra tobacco seed in the United
Farmer andFralt-Grower: come generally known no other plantin
States. A dozen
cold this journal
S. W. CARSON. years ago
The winter so far has been exceed- its line, in my opinion, will com- snaps. obtained seed direct from the ,United
mild mand attention. I can't Frost Proof, Fla.Pineapples .
ingly notwithstanding the fore- greater give States consul at Singapore, but the

casts by prophets gave a gloomy out- you the technical name of it, but it is leaf obtained from it was not promise

look. Brother Laurie and I and Brother known here as the Jamaica sorrel, ands in California. ing qd.we doubt if many growerswho

Will felt awfully "spotted" after destined to be here for familyuses '
grown About six years ago pineapple cul- received the seed have continued

reading of the blasts that were in store for time indefinite. Prepared ture was commenced here, at first in to propagate it. The department of

-old Boreas' store. And the twenti-- fruit has been sent to Washington, to varie- has distributed
an experimental way. Eighteen agriculture someseed,
eth of January brings anything else certain persons, who pronounce it as ties have been tested and five of them but it was no good. Finally, a, man

than the "destructive" blizzard the superior to the cranberry. I have have proved hardy and well adaptedto was sent to Sumatra by President

later 'prophetspoke of. I keep tested it,here in the last two winters in cultivation in open air without Duval of the Florida Central and Peninsular

thinking,I have done my last fool trick pies, jelly, marmalade, and as a beverage : protection, at an elevation of 80 to 100 railroad, who obtained a_ small

and I long ago promised not to get and have Mound it all that, in feet above sea level. Their fruitingseason quantity of seed of the fintst strainsof

scared at freezes. I have now hung general, will be demanded even on seems to be much later than in Sumatran tobacco, although this r

my tropical harp on a (weeping) willow first trial, and by use it will go with an other countries and extends from seed is jealously guarded by Sumatran

tree where with oranges at two to increasing relish. September i to May i. planters. A little of this importationwas

three dollars a box it may hang in As to growth, it will grow anywherethat The fruits in Decemberand planted in Connecticut and Penn-
largest ripen
peace and quiet. Our kitchen gar- a careless weed will, and with almost and has
and last har sylvania, given promising results
dens are fine. The market trucker as little attention, and I think on vested January, 8 year we but the bulk of,the seed was dis-
one weighing pounds on
got his "nuff" this last fall. all kinds of soil, low or high. The % tributed in Florida. The
the 26th of It had 1896. was
January.
seven
Oh, say, Mr. Editor, can you tell stalks, here in the sand hills, at and and the third crop of this new variety since
slips a multiple crown containingabout
where that McK. gold basis prosper- around Frost Proof, will grow six feet and of its importation, and it is conservativeto
seven more plants was
ity is? high, but how much higher I don't i
the Porto Rico variety. Some have I say that it has already revolutionized -
I'm talking about pineapples. You know. They are of a purple-red color
the of Florida.
in the and small cigar industry In-
no core center only a
know these,black-jack and spruce pine eveu to the fruit pods. The bloom is i one at the base and crown. When deed, it is a fair question whether

rosemary scrubs that we never could of a light yellow tint. I thought but sliced crosswise show solid Sumatran seedleaf will not supercede

see the use of except for sites for glass little about the thing at first, althoughI center they beet in a some oft the Havana seedleaf and
resembling a texture
factories or grave yards,are now foundto relished the acid finely as a beverage, Connecticut broadleaf in
and full of that when sliced now grown
so juice
be the paradise of the pineapple. If but have been much more favorably New New York
with that has England, Pennsylvania -
they soon cover a
the people could only enjoy these impressed with it at every return of its far syrup Ohio Wisconsin, and Should
fragrance superior to imported
pines our people can raise them. use. A specimen has been sent from any those sections fail to produce equally

Here's politics again! I stop. here to New York also, but not yet ones.Natives as good quality of this, new leaf, it
,of the tropics state that they
WM. P. NEELD. heard from. I am strongly persuadedthat may be that Florida will develop a

it is to become the Southern cannot find any difference betweenthe tobacco the
industry at expenseof
great
'Mr. E. H. Mote shipped Monday, cranberry, in its uses. pines ripened here or those ripened the north. Both these expectationsare
the localities
January 18th, the first carload of cab- PINE APPLES. nearer equator. Many firmly held by Col. F. B. Moodie,
San the Isnds
near Diego on mesa
bage from his iso-acre vegetable farm. Well, I am literally fascinated with well climate but in who is the best expert on the subject'
adapted to
are as
Mr. Mote says that he will ship threeor what Brothers Russell and Van the soil in the State, and who lives at Lake
most places requires mixing
four more carloads during the I Houten said of it in your worthy and Parties City, northern Florida, the head center

month. Beginning with February he columns of late, for although they mulching. are now pre- of this new departure in tobacco cul
paring to plant on a large scale andraise
will, perhaps, ship a carload per day. confine themselves so closely to the pines for the local markets and ture. It is these possibilities that will
January is a month earlier than Mr. of Orlando in attract to the
locality Orange county, of the largest and best varieties, like many approaching national
Mote began to ship cabbage last convention of tobacco
year. writing as though no other portion oi the residents of Washington and New growers
The first carload was shipped Febru- could at Ocala Florida
Orange compete with it. As I i York for. Jan. 12. though
are now paying $i a piece
ary 18. His crop is much larger and have been in Orange and seen some of citizens the meeting might better have been

of better quality than he has ever be- of her high hills, lakes and soil, nearly few Many in their our and are planting in their a held at Lake City, where the" State

fore raised. He sells all of his cab- forty years ago, I conclude that other front where gardens some Agricultural College and Experiment
yards attract attention
bage f. o. b. shipping point, and has I localities in that county would do justas from tourists and they who- Station are located. Other varieties' "'-

no trouble in selling all of his stock in well under the care of such men as have from strangers homes where, of cigar leaf are being successfully ,
just come
that'way.-Leesburg Commercial. Messrs. Russell and Van Houten. grown in Florida, and a colony of
snow and ice have caused them to go
----- But, concluding that your readers southward. Here Cubans in Polk county are growing ;
they thoroughly
The company which was incorporated will be charitable two a of tobacco from
enough to allow that crops year pure
the climate and
last year under the name of the other portions even outside of Orange appreciate productions Cuban seed, which is claimed to equalin
as they view an air pinery dunng j
"Compagnie Generate des open
Phosphatesde the famous Vuelta
,county might grow pines successfully quality Abajo
Christmas time, with pineapples ripen-
la Florida, will commence operations and leaf but can here consider
too, especially down south of we only
in while others in
ing some plants are
very soon at Newberry, in Orange in the sand hill region oi f the new Sumatran seedleaf that is
Alachua county, and is also preparingto bloom in the same yard. These such sensation in the tobacco
eastern Polk, let me tell them, if you making a
mine'rock at Trenton, in the same that where the blessings our citizens enjoy without world. ,.
please, tropical '
papaw realizing the contrast so noticeable to
The Suwanee river will be
county. will grow, blossom and fruit, all the our winter tourists, who find nothing Our frontispiece next week will givean i"
used the of
as means transportation to winter, in the open air, that the pineapple like it outside the tropics.-Fruit idea of field and harvest of Suma
the The has
ocean. company a paidup grower need not be scared. Trade Journal. Iran. seedleaf as grown at Lake City,
capital of 1000000. Mr. A. A. "Oh but didn't it them in the
get big ..,. but a still better judgment may be
Riche of Paris; France, is the princi-- freeze?" No, sir, not the pineapple; Budding-- 4.the Manao.Editor formed from the picture on this, pageof

pal promoter of this new company. I beg your pardon, for many. of them the new variety contrasted with .
-
..MM* had quite all their leaves spared, but Farmer and Fruit-Grower. Connecticut broadleaf, the latter be. ::

The Cinamon tree has recently very few, not twenty per cent, going Mr. Burr, of Winter Haven,put me ing rather wider and heavier than the

been introduced into the Biscayne Bay below the level, and half of them or to budding the mango just before the Havana seedleaf, also much grown in

region of Florida and is now being more sprouted from the stem under- '94 freeze. Mr. Butler and myself hada the cigar-IeafStates. These picturesare '

cultivated extensively on the Perrine neath the warm sandy soil and came number of buds that were promising. from photographs taken exclusively

Grant. It is to be hoped that the out during the year, and with the application The operation is simple enough, being for us, and this is the first pub\

experiment will be successful and that of such fertilization and irri the same as for the oranges, except lication in the world of a lifelike pic-

we shall be able to add another to the gation as the above gentlemen have that waxed cloth must always be ture of a Sumatran tobacco,plant.

already long list of tropical plants now given theirs at Orlando, almost the used in case of the mango. This new tobacco is a type distinct .

being profitably cultivated in our fair whole would have pulled throughsuccessfully. WM. P. NEELD. from our American or Cuban. tobac-

state-Biscayne Bay Monthly. Pinellas, Fla.I cos. The plant in blcom (except for


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.
-1897, THB FLOKIDA FARMER' AND FBUIT-GBOWBB.. 69

..

first two years, it becomes as pretty As to tomatoes not the tenderest

and smooth as the Mandarin after the Pinery. bud has been touched here up to this Tobacco. :: '

tree has become older.H. ......-
time, and I witnessed the same result -

FRIEDLANDER. Edited by J. B. Beach.West Palm BeachPia. here for eight successive winters priorto Is[ a Revolution Impending in Cigar

Interlachen,. Fla., January 19, 1897. the freeze two years ago. Moreover Leaf Tobacco Culture?

Is there not a mistake in the above Letter from Polk County. I have reasons to affirm that at This question is worthy of the clos-

dates 1894 and ? least est attention of all tobacco .
1895 JAMAICA SORREL. twenty-five years prior to these growers,
eight, all would have gone throughsafe in view of the remarkable results that
Editor Farmer and Fruit-G rower:
I here in the and have followed the introduction of Sumatra
as was
Letter from the country
8ub-Peninsula. Should the virtues of this plant become
witnessed every winter the results of tobacco seed in the United
Editor Farmer andPn t-Grower: generally known no other plantin
States. A dozen
cold this journal
CARSON.
S. W. years ago
The winter so far has been exceed- its line, in my opinion, will com snaps. obtained seed direct from the United
mild mand attention. I can't Frost Proof, Fla.Pineapples .
ingly notwithstanding the forecasts greater give States consul at Singapore, but the

by prophets gave a gloomy out- you the technical name of it, but it is .p. leaf obtained from it was not promis

look. Brother Laurie and I and Brother known here as the Jamaica sorrel, and in California. ing and we doubt if
many growers
Will felt awfully "spotted" after is destined to be.grown here for familyuses About six years ago pineapple cul- who received the seed have continuedto

reading of the blasts that were in store for time indefinite. Prepared ture was commenced here, at first in propagate it. The departin'ent} of

-old Boreas' store. And the twentieth fruit has been sent to Washington, to an experimental way. Eighteen varieties agriculture has distributed some- seed,

of January brings anything else certain persons, who pronounce it as have been tested and five of them but it was no good. Finally, a man

than the "destructive" blizzard the superior to the cranberry. I have have proved hardy and well adaptedto was sent to Sumatra by President

later j prophet, spoke of. I keep tested it here in the last two winters in cultivation in open air without Duval of the Florida Central and Pen

thinking I have done my last fool trick pies, jelly, marmalade, and as a bev- protection, at an elevation of 80 to 100 insular railroad, who obtained a small

and I long ago promised not to get erage, and have found it all that, in feet above sea level. Their fruiting quantity of seed of the finest strains '

scared at freezes. I have now hung general, will be demanded even on season seems to be much later than in of Sumatran tobacco, although this

my tropical harp on a (weeping) willow first trial, and by use it will go with an other countries and extends from seed is jealously guarded by Sumatran

tree where with oranges at two to increasing relish. September i to May i. planters. A little of this importationwas

three,dollars a 'box it may hang in As to growth, it will grow anywherethat The fruits in Decemberand planted in Connecticut and Penn-
largest ripen
peace and quiet. Our kitchen gardens a careless weed will, and with almost and has
and last harvested sylvania, given promising results
January, we
year
are fine. The market trucker as little attention and I think
on
8 but the bulk of.the seed was distributed -
one weighing % pounds on
got his "nuff" this last fall. all kinds of soil, low or high. The in Florida. The
the 26th of It had 1896. was
January. seven
Oh, say, Mr. Editor, can you tell stalks, here in the sand hills, at and and the third crop of this new variety sinceits
slips a multiple crown containingabout
where that McK. gold basis prosper- around Frost Proof, will grow six feet and of importation, and it is conservative
seven more plants was
ity is? high, but how much higher I don't
that it has
the Porto Rico variety. Some haveno to say already revolutionized -
I'm talking about pineapples. You know. They are of a purple-red color
the
of
in the and small cigar industry Florida., Indeed -
core center only a
know these,black jack and spruce pine eveu to the fruit pods. The bloom i is one at the base and crown. When it is a fair question whether '

rosemary,scrubs that we never couldsee of a light yellow tint. I thought butlittle sliced crosswise show solid Sumatran seedleaf will not supercede

the use of except for sites for glass about the thing at first, althoughI center resembling they a beet in a texture some of(. the Havana seedleaf and

factories or grave yards,are now foundto relished the acid finely as a beverage, Connecticut broadleaf in
and full of that when sliced now grown
so juice
be the paradise of the pineapple. If but have been much more favorably New New York
with that has England, pennsylvania -
they soon cover a
the people could only these impressed with it at return of its syrup '
enjoy every far Ohio and Wisconsin, and Should
fragrance superior to imported
pines our people can raise them. use. A specimen has been sent from any those sections fail to produce

Here's politics againl! I stop. here to New York also, but not yet ones.Natives of this leaf equally
as good quality new it
WM. P. NEELD. heard from. I am strongly persuadedthat of the tropics state that they may be that Florida will develop a

114 it is to become the Southern cannot find any difference betweenthe tobacco the

Mr. E. H.. Mote shipped Monday, cranberry, in its uses. pines ripened here or those ripened great of the north. industry Both these at expectations expense
the localitiesnear
January 18th, the first carload of cab- I PINE APPLES. nearer equator. Many are firmly held by Col. F. B. Moodie,
San Diego on the mesa Isnds
bage from his vegetable farm. Well I who is the best the
i5o-acre am literally fascinated with expert on subjectin
well climate but i inmost
are adapted as to
Mr. Mote says'that he will ship threeor what Brothers Russell and Van the soil the State, and who lives at Lake
places requires mixingand
four more carloads during the Houten said of it in your worthy Parties City, northern Florida, the head center

month. Beginning with February he columns of late, for although they mulching. are now pre of this new departure in tobacco cul-
scale andraise
paring to plant on a large
will, perhaps, ship a carload per day. confine themselves so closely to the pines for the local markets and ture. It is these possibilities that will
January is a month earlier than Mr. of Orlando in attract to the
locality Orange county,, of the largest and best varteties like many approaching na
,
Mote began to ship cabbage last tional convention of tobacco
other growersat
year. writing as though no portion oi the residents of Washington and New
The first carload was shipped Febru- Orange could compete with it. As I York for Ocala Florida, Jan. 12. thoughthe
are now paying $1 a piece
ary 18. His crop is much larger and have been in Orange and seen some of citizens meeting might better have been

of better quality than he has ever before of her high hills, lakes and soil, nearly Many few in their our gardens, and are some planting in their a held at Lake City, where the State
raised. He sells all of his cab- I conclude and
forty years ago, that other front where Agricultural College Experiment
,
yards they attract attention
bage f. o. b. shipping point, and has localities in that county would do justas Station are located. Other varieties"
from tourists and who
no trouble in selling all of his stock in well under the the of such men as have strangers, of cigar leaf are being successfully .
from homes where
just come
that'way.-Leesburg Commercial. :Messrs. Russell and Van Houten. grown in Florida, and a colony of
snow and ice have caused them to
.. go
But, concluding that your readers Cubans in Polk county are growing
southward. Here they thoroughly! .
The company which was incorporated will be charitable enough to allow that two crops a year of tobacco from pure
the climate and
last year under the name of the other portions even outside of Orangeounty appreciate productionsas Cuban seed, which is claimed to equal .
view air ,
they an pinery during
"Compagnie Generale des open '
Phosphatesde in the famous Vuelta
might'grow pines successfully quality Abajo
Christmas time with pineapples ripen
,
la Florida, will commence operations too, and especially down south of leaf, but we can here consider only
: ing in some plants while others are i in
very soon at Newberry, in Orange in the sand hill region o(i the new Sumatran seedleaf that is
Alachua county, and is also preparingto bloom in the same yard. These such sensation in the tobacco
eastern Polk, let me tell them, if you making a
blessings our citizens enjoy without
mine rock at Trenton, in the same that where the world.
please, tropical papaw
realizing the contrast so noticeable to
The Suwanee river will be .
county. will blossom and fruit all :
grow, the our winter tourists, who find nothinglike Our frontispiece next week will give
used as the means of transportation to winter, in the open air, that the pineapple it outside the tropics.FruitTrade an idea of field and harvest of Suma

the ocean. The company has a paidup grower need not be scared. Journal. tran, seedleaf as grown at Lake City,
capital of $1,000,000. Mr. A. A. "Oh but didn't it them in the
still
get big ... but a better judgment may be
Riche of Paris; France, is the princi freeze?" No, sir, not the pineapple;; Budding-4.the Hanaro. formed from the picture on this, page

pal promoter of this new company. I beg your pardon, for many of them of the new variety contrasted with

..Me. had quite all their leaves spared, but I.Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.Mr. Connecticut broadleaf, the latter be.

The Cinamon tree has recently very few, not twenty per cent, going Burr, of Winter Haven,put me ing rather wider and heavier than thee

been introduced into the'Biscayne Bay below the level, and half of them or to budding the mango just before th Havana seedleaf, also much grown in

region of Florida and is now being more sprouted from the stem under '94 freeze. Mr. Butler and myself hada the cigar-leaf States. These pictures'are

cultivated extensively on the Perrine neath the warm sandy soil and came number of buds that were promising from photographs taken exclusively

Grant. It is to be hoped that the out during the year,'and with the ap The operation is simple enough, be for us, and this is the first publication

experiment will be successful and that plication of such fertilization and irrigation ing the same as for the oranges, ex in the world of a lifelike picture

we shall be able to add another to the as the above gentlemen have cept that waxed cloth must always be of a Sumatran tobacco !plant.

already long list of tropical plants,now I given theirs at Orlando, almost the used i in case of the mango. This new tobacco is a type/distinct .

being profitably cultivated In our fair whole would have pulled through WM. P. NEELD. from our American, or .Cuban tobac, ,".

state.-Biscayne Bay Monthly successfully. Pinellas, Fla. cos. The plant in bloom (except- for'l .



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FLORIDA FARMERAN .



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PER 'YEAR, WITH- WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH." $2 PER YEAR.

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B. Powers,Editor JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA JANUARY 30, 1897. Whole No. 1460 Poi.NEw IX.SEBIRS.No. brii

'- _. > ---- .. -. ',.- . ... --- --- ..- -. -- --. -
--

The Largest Fruit GrowerKnowthe'BestVarieties FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA.Plums .


HIGHEST9DUALITY and the (over 30 varieties, Wiekson, Red June Hale. White Keiney,18 new
kinds). Peaches,(Sneed, ,Buber, TO varieties .
Triumph over ) Pears.Kat!.Nuts
BEST! !flEES TO! PLAINT.We } Grapes,Oranges, Lemons,Pomelos, Kumquats,;Roses,etc. t

IiOWEST,ices shipped more peaches from our own orchards thisFigElGm' Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals '*.
in this section combinedand
season than MON growers I
made big at It. II I '

Pj'EAA10 Bill Trees Prom flURSERMEN Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.

I A handsome,65-page Catalogue for 189&-97 with over 50 engravings. Gives
D S ?IAM WHO J ARK FRUIT GROWKRS1Everything adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions; recent exper '
fence in orchard and market with varieties new and old,with full cultural in-

for' the South. formation. ThisUpToDate HORTICULTURAL HAND-BOOK FREE

Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Graces,
Ornamentals Roses Etc. Etc. Etc. Investigatio ;into the Requirements of Florida Orchards.
Nuts ,
15 Y { Experience and Experimentingjn
Growing Florida Fruits.
350 Varieties.: A MILLION and a half trees. Over 300 acres. ears
No BETTER stock to select from. None so LARGE.New Extensivejpropagation ofTrees for Florida Planting. ,_
Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations 26 New Photographic.Views, Free on .
application.- POMONA NURSERIES GLEN ST. MARY NURSERY COG .

,
THE GRIPPING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny. .L.TABER. President. GLEN ST. MARY FLA-,
A.H.MANVILLE, Secretary. A,
Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla. ',.
.

FOR TWENTY-SECOND YEAR.-*- + SEEDS TMJIT; MILL GRam I r .. a

W. W. HAWKINS & SONS .
Are offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 1896-W. '','
All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low ..'>.i
and from Bearing trees. For Best Seeds Lowest Prices write .
at for my List for 1897. _
* VARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME. *. *' '
The Largest Stock in the State, and every seed New Crop.. ,,) .
Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low. -<
-
Send postal for Descriptive catalogue toW. it
W. UAXVJtrrcS Sb SONS I handle only the products of Seed Growers of National Reputation, such' as

Georgetown Fla Henderson, Landreth, Ely, etc. it

The CQiiuiaakee-ploPida Oflaficje Co., BURTON K. BARRS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. ,I.

:-+ ,

DUNEDIN, HILLSBORO CO., FLA., ORANGE TR EES., f .

Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown- in an experience .
of'thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely \ .
known and thoroughly approved varieties viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown, SATSUMA, TANGERINES, PARSON BROWN, ETC., ETC. t :
Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa,Majorca,Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seed-
less,Pineapple Homosassa,and Tangerine. Tardiff and King,Duncan and:Marsh Seed- '
+ -+- + + BUDDING WOOD. -f-f-f-f '
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superiorto ,

the round. .* Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to correspondents Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs .
Address all communications and make all remittances payable to
.
Milwaukee, Florida Orange Co., Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants,Fine Budded Roses, Etc. ,

The Best of Stock. ,Proper Treatment. Low Prices.'

DUNEDIN FLA. .
.f ". UMMI'r NUHSERIEe.
D. L. PIERSON,
'
,. **GRA1R"1 E D PECANS Monticello,Fla.

-From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and ,
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. ,

SATSUMA AND OTHER ORANGES ON TRIFOLIATA. Th ;:
: Largest f. rj
Trifoliata stocks one,two and three years old. All stockclean and healthy. Send for interesting FRUITSVEGETABLES
; catalogue. and
OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NURSERIES
We receive and Hl1.1n car loada or smaller Tote, ;
J. H. Q1RARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla' all Product of the GARDEN,ORCHARD JI.A.l- host
BY_,HBNNEBY and FARM; Market Report.
Reference,etc..free upon application., Address Compute
Tobacco Seed No.ell Liberty Street PITTSBURGH Penn'a."
VueltaAbajo
SOMERS, BROTHER & Co._ Estab.IisbmeDt. f

(

NOW READY FOR DELIVERY.
Send for Annual Descriptive 'Srelh,
4 CATALOGUE
This Season's Importation from Cuba. Packet. 15 cents, half 1 a newly contains Issued and everything revised.It : Geo. S. Hacker & Son
IMPORTED, SEED. ounce,55 cents; ounce,Iz.oo;quarter pound,$3.00;one pound,$iaoo. needed by the Horticulturist ,
... t 1 and plant-lover. Manufacturers of
Orchard PLANTS,Window.and TREES Lawn for BUILDING MATERIAL! ,: .
,FLORIDA GROWN/ One Year Growth In Florida from Imported Seed. $ J or Greenhouse. largest CHARLESTON S. C, '
SEED, Packet, 10 cents; halk ounce, 30 cents; ounce SO cents; c pt' colledioa to select from Purchase our makes,which we guarantee.
quarter pound,11.50; pound,$5.co. in the South. superior to any sold South and thereby sara,
H. O. HASTINGS & CO. money. ** f
Bend., 'for our illustrated catalogue. InUrl&ehen :Florida BEASOIEl BROTHERS. ONECO, FLA. I2T WIDOW AID FAICT BUSS A &PE8UUTT.' ,
.
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: I '-{ = THE ,FLORIDA PABMEB AND FRun-oROWIfg. ; JANUARY-30
)

.
> .
Strawberries Ice. sustenance of horses, cattle, hogs and
on sheep, whose manure will supplementthe

/ The celebrated T. &T. Strawberry Refrigerators rich stores of nitrogen gathered by NOW READY FOR' FALL PLANTING. '
are the universal favorite of Florida these crops from the atmosphere and
growers. ,Perfected after of experi- '
years plant food for continuous crops. We have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour
fruit.
ence. .Give.good service for good
One great need of the South is more and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having
? :: TRUBY Starke& THOMAS, Florida. stock, and more feed for stock grownon been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition. .

4+ the land. The sale of beef, pork, Following varieties guaranteed true to name:

12,000 Apple Seeds FBENCH CRAB, lard, butter cheese, eggs and poultry MED.MAJORCA SWEET, RUBY SANFORD BLOOD MED, PARSON ST. MICHAEL BROWN
in one pound. leave nine-tenths of the plant food JAFFA HART'S LATE NAVEL.
The quality .of our seed being best, and TANGERINE, HOMOSASSSA. SATSUMA,
other conditions favorable a big supply of taken up by the crops; but the sale of and GRAPE FRUIT. .
stocks be had for few dol lars. Send for
full price may list of IMPORTED a and Native Fruit cotton, tobacco, hay, corn and grain A few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3 to 4 feet. Price SO and 75
Stocks and Seeds,. Manetti. Rose and Raffia removes the nitrogen, potash and cents each. '
for, and -
budding grafting. BUDWOOD.
phosphoric acid contained in them
THOMAS MEEHAN ft
SONS and necessitates its restoration Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reducedin
Box P. Germantown, Pennsylvania.JmJIHHhLL by commercial October on some varieties. For full particulars, .
fertilizers at a cost of $40.00 a addressHASTINGS & WYLIE, '

ton. At the same time the farm loses Interlachen, Fla.
the mechanical effect of the humus in

preparing the soil for its best adapta-

tion to plant life and the bacteria that

1 come from stable manure and decayed 15,1 iii BUDDED TREES.All .-

vegetable matter.

NO TRESPASS With intensive farming, rotation of the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon

White duly grateful to other fence manufacturers crops fed on the farm, the growth of roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.:
for their strong endorsement the Coiled Spring, nitrogen gatherers there need be no
w must decline with thanks all offers of assistance Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropicaland
In supplying .the demand. We created It and can fallow land nor crop liens, no run semitropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.
take care of It. down farms.

PAGE_WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., AdrianMlch.'Lands Less cotton and more corn. Catalogue on application.

Less cotton and more hay. JOHN B. BEACH, Indian River Nurseries,
Less cotton and more stock.
lorida (Established 1886.)
Less cotton and more hogs.
< Less cotton and more fruit. WEST PALM BEACH, FLA.

Less cotton and more poultry. '
-Oranges
,
fc.J, Less cotton, area, and more cow

orts peas, and beggarweed and grass alter- JOHN L. MARVIN, JUDGE B. ARCHIBALD,
; nating with grain and root will President. Vice President.
crops H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD
I vestments result in the redemption of Southern Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

farms without the fallow ground.- CAPITAL $100,000.


+I} 1 Developments ., "; "" ,..: Southern Ruralist.4.... THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK

Humus and Its Relation to Soil Fer- ,

)Attractions tility. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

Address, L. A. Clinton, assistant agriculturist Respectfully solicits your Deposits,Collections and General

G.. D. ACKERLY, at Cornell University, says that a Banking Business.
certain amount of humus is
CCMCItti: PAf StNCCft AGENT, THE essential to soil fertility. Its value lies offered which their balances -
TROMCALTRUNK. .. LINE, not so much in its chemical influenceas Depositors every facility: ,

"At pHVILLI; FLORIDA.Leading in its physical action. It is a great business and responsibility warrant., .

to' reservoir for the storage of nitrogenand SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00

moisture. It affects the
temperature PER YEAR, UP.DIRECTORS. .
of the soil by making it warmer.

Humus, and its relation to soil mois- s

"Ii. dealers ture, is usually not taken into consid- John L. Marvin, Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin,
H. T. Baya, W. M. Davidson, Judge R. B. Archibald'
everywhere sell eration by the average farmer, yet it is Dr. H. Robinson.
! : in this way that it exerts its most ben -,

eficial action on the soil. It is ableto
FERRY'SSEEDS absorb moisture from the atmos- farmers who raise pullets to take the tion had been simply rubbed over

places of their hens make the point with white of and marvelouslyfresh
! taken it egg,
Donjtriik the loss of time labor and ground phere, and having ,once up,
.. bj pUnting seeds of unknown quality. that they must get more eggs from and sweet, it is said, they
The market is fall of cheap:) holds it.When.
, unreliable M da FERRY'S SEEDS under pullets than from hens, but they over. looked, considering that they had reposed -
an at'wtii the best:do not accept we plow a green cropor
i sit substitute.Seed Annual frtt. stable then look the fact that they have the henson at the Bingley Hall since Aug.
not only
manure, we are
_ D.M.FERRY CO., hand and have feed the Twelve months the
food the soil but to pullets i. ago prize
Detroit, Mich adding plant to we
1
are adding this valuable humus, whichis until they reach maturity. It is just dozen had only been rubbed with

I able to retain 181 cent of its the same as if one raised a heifer at butter wrapped in paper, and, packedin
per
i '''. weight of moisture. Here is where every opportunity, and sold the cow. lime, such processes being simplicity -

p Lying Fallow. farming with commercial fertilizers Now, a hen will give just as many eggs itself, and proving conclusivelythat
I when she is five six old as such methods as coating the shells
It is a mystery to the traveler from fails. Though we may give all the or years
;' 'the Middle in when youngerand the reason so with olive oil and beeswax are unnec-
: t". and Eastern States pas. plant.food necessary for the growth
many prefer pullets is that while pul- cessary. It may be added that the
sing through the South why so many and development of the plant, the
fields with the remnants of last year'scorn commercial fertilizer does not add humus lets are growing!they do not so readily second prize collection this year were

). or cotton are unplowed alter'the to the soil. If its use is contin- become fat. The hens fatten quickly, merely coated with white of egg and
without hence the mistake has been in over. packed in flour.-London Live Stock
time of plan"ting.The. ued year after year being sup.
feeding them, and not because thehens Journal.
i Southern farmers' rotation is plemented by green or barn manures,
. ._. .... ..
are not equal to pullets. The ,
<<
the humus of the soil is used "
and finally
.
to ten
cotton corn from one
,
; use of pullets every year leads to de The DeLand News, figuring on a
., fallow and the fails because there is
years1 ground for the land torecover up, crop
generacy. Eggs from hens are larger, cassava factory, gives detailed figures,
its stores of plant-food ,and no power in the soil to hold moisture.
,
and the hens produce stronger chicks. showing that an acre of cassava can
.
in the meantime he sends Illinois
,. :Michigan or'Maine'for hay to with which, Old Hens and Pullets. Keep your old hens as long as theyare be grown at a cost of$34.50, and will.
proving serviceable. yield products worth $65.
f to feed his stock while in ,the crops of The practice of hatching out pullets
.
beggarweed, cow peas, and in many every year to take the place of hensis Hundreds of bushels of sweet pota

F parts of the South red clover and not always a good plan. Bear in Preserving Eggs.At toes are being shipped to other States

other grasses he might, have a fodder mind that before a pullet becomes serviceable the Birmingham show in Eng- from Bartow.

crop of greater muscle making and she must be raised. It is the land, prizes are given for the most Twenty-two milch cows from Union

fat forming elements than in the North first cost that must be met before she perfectly preserved eggs. At the exhibition Springs, Ala., were sold at auction in

jtra,purchased hay and grain for the will give a profit. A large number of this year the winning collec- Tampa last week at,good prices.

.
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II'PER *2 -PER. "-,
FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER.
YEAR. YE IR. ,.


Grove til Orchard. Along the coast a variety is common, ingtonia and one or two others of the which is a great advantage, since the .
showing a glaucous or silvery shade, commoner greenhouse fanpalms. others need constant attention in this -;.-
almost as marked as that of the Cali-- The European Dwarf Palm makes respect if it is desired to keep them to
Hardy Palms in Florida-I. fornia blue palm (Erythea armata) but itself at home in all our drier soils and a single stem. If neglected for any
Written for,the ,Farmer and Fruit-Grower well characterized specimens of this assumes a handsome tree shape in length of time the innumerable bayonet
by T. L.Mead,Oviedo Fla. are rarely if ever found in the interior, from ten to twenty years, the long points of the basal leaf spines make
For general effect there are three where the. color is usually a deep time required to attain important size "suckering" an unpleasant and almost
principal types of palms available in green. As, far as my experience goes, I being the only objection to its extensive certainly a painful task.
Florida north of the almost tropical region the palmettoes usually fail to pro- use in our garden and avenues. The remainder of the dates culti.
where the 'cocoanuts flourish. duce fruit' in the interior. In Orange Washingtonias from Californiaare vated here are more or less dwarf- .in ,;:.
They may be represented by the pal county I have sometimes searched for equally hardy but very hard to stature and apt to have their leaves j '.if
metto the date and the miles almost continuously browned by frosts that do not
palm hardy overgrownwith suit as to soil and location. They injure : i
species of cocosfrom, temperate South ,this palm, without finding a soon perish in ordinary ground, nei-- the two just mentioned, and hence
America. Each of these types may be single berry, while on the coast, at ther sand nor muck, high pine nor should, if possible,be given somewhat .x
divided into two sections, one contain- the same season the fruits are readily high hammock being at all to their sheltered, half shady situations.
ing tall trees 'suitable for avenues, the collected in large quantities, being liking. In flat woods with clay near Phoenix leonensis has bold, deep .
other smaller plants that might fairly used it is said, for medicinal purposes. the surface they often do finely and green, erect leaves; P. farinifera leaves

included under-the term shrubbery.The The last native palm on the list, surpass any other palm in rapidityof lighter in color and. less erect, ,while
first type'is that of the palmetto the needle palmetto, (Rhapidophyllum growth. A single. small plant set in P. pumila they recline in low curves.
familiar to us all. Nearly all,the hystrix) is very local,'being found in out neat the edge of' a drained pond All three.make trunks several feet highif
West Indian allies of our cabbage pal- some rich, low hammocks in great bottom near my house has attained a the suckers are constantly removed,,
metto (Sabal palmetto) are hardy here, abundance, both in Georgia and Flor height of twenty feet in eight years as will also Phoenix rupicola, 'the
but they are so closely similar in gen- ida, but these habitats of the speciesare and seems perfectly healthy; twenty fountain palm, whose graceful leaves
eral to our native species have their divisions in one plane like .-
appearance widely separated and not often met others set out to encircle the same ,
that few-people, except botanical experts with. Its most striking peculiarity at pond all perished after a few years of those of P. canariensis., :-

can tell them apart. first view consists in the long, sharp, puny existence, nor have any others [Remainder next,week., ] f'. :.
Good-sized cabbage palmettoes are black spines projecting in every direc- survived of some hundreds or more . ,.j? .
not difficult to transplant; select the tion from the dark fibers that cover the planted in different situations all over Letter from Major.Campbell. .: '..-'
thickest, sturdiest trunks you can find; trunk; these spines are often more the place. Most of these were from Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. '
if possible get them from sandy land than a foot long, and taper, towardsthe seed guaranteed by the collector to The matter of fences for, profit, is
instead 'of from flatwoods clay, and in attached end like porcupine quills, have come from the Robusta type, by no means original with me, al
digging' chop the roots off'near the so they may be quite easily pulled out. which is thought to do better in Flor- though I had thought of it, and ad- .
stem, but. do not, chop into ,the stem Their use seems chiefly to the ida than the common Washingtoniafilifera. vised it before I saw it put into prac
itself; cut every leaf off the tree; this protect tice.
.
.. _
inflorescence, which rises them
among
is very important; and after planting and before opening resembles: a large, The Chinese Fan Palm (Cham. J knew a man in antebellum ,times x. ,
the trunk well watered and the
keep white egg nestled in among the thorns. aerops excelsa) does well in most who every spring planted all the May ,
is almost live.
tree sure numbers to of I have This palm bears the staminate and pis. soil, but. rarely lives long on high Duke and Early Richmond cherry
transplanted with trunks large about them, tillate flowers on separate plants,therein land. It is perfectly hardy as regards trees, in the fence corners around a. .
feet
trees eight
covered with the latticed leaf- differing from all the other native frost which unfortunately is not the ten acre field, he could get.
high stalks, and about ''hun palms mentioned here, and the male case with the most effective and pop- ,On being asked why he.wanted so
dred weighing and eight plants are by far the most numerous. ular greenhouse fan palms, Livistona many cherry trees, as but few people. :
pounds well each watered, almost where they The woolly clusters of seeds are borneon sinensis(commonly called Latania bor- at that time sold cherries, he repliedhe '
were kept A number that every short stems and hardly project bonica) and L. austral., (Corypha was very fond of seeing women
lected one'grew.in this were died. neg-- above the surrounding,chevaux de frise australis of the catalogues.) These and wood-peckers around, and where-
respect mostly of spines. grow very slowly on high land but ever there was plenty of cherries,
Of the other natives, brief mention would be valuable for moist locationswere there would always be women and
will suffice for all but the needle This palmetto transplants with the
one, they not so readily disfiguredand wood-peckers. One. was as sure to.
palmetto. There are two dwarf pal- greatest facility,and though found nat- even defoliated by the frosts come as the other. He demonstrated,
mettoes, one inhabiting swamps (Sabal urally only in swamps and muck-beds usual in low places. however, by the time his rail fence
adansoni) with flat leaves and up- it grows equally well when transplanted Leaving the fan palms we come to needed, .re-setting: and repair, he: had >
right fruitstalks, taller than the to any ordinary Florida soil, whether the date palms-different species of not only living fence posts to string
leaves. The other is found in dry whites on highland or low. It is not nec- the genus phoenix. The date palm telegraph wire to-there was no
J' b land and seems to have been essary even to remove the leaves; once itself is easily grown from seeds taken barbed wire then-but sold enough, .
overlooked by the botanical manuals, when digging muck for fertilizer I had from dates of commerce, and occasionally cherries that season Ito buy his wire,
it is distinct from the uprooted needle palms piled in a ,
although entirely some varieties grow with sat- and continued to sell cherries every ,
the swamp species. The leaves are heap until I., had decided where to isfactory rapidity, but, as a rule, their season, enough to make his fence rows, .
arched like those of the cab plant them. Being neglected,and the ; ,
strongly growth is disappointingly slow, some- the most profitable part of,his farm.
bage'palmetto,, and the fruiting stalksare rainy season coming on, nearly every times not more than two or three feet I also knew another man, to do the:
short and rest on the ground. It palm pushed roots through the sidesof in a dozen years. Phoenix sylvestris, same thing with peaches in Kansas. ,.
has no trunk but the leaves spring its trunk as it lay in the heap and the wild date of India, while of the who came over into :Missouri and :
from a swollen, ',,bulb-shaped rootstock continued to grow. The tallest speci- same milky green tint, and very simi- bought several bushels of the finest
deep down in the sand. I have suc- men I ever found had an upright i lar .in aspect to the common date, is a peaches he could find simply for the.
cessfully transplanted this as well as trunk. four feet high, the leaves extending rapid grower, and does well both on seed, which he planted in nursery and.
the'swamp' species, by observing the six or seven feet'from_ the i high and low land. It will make a then transplanted around a twenty
same- precautions as with the cabbage crown in every direction, but the average tall trunk in fewer years than any other acre field, and in a few years had not
palmetto.The specimen will not exceed two phoenix in cultivation here, though it only living posts to stretch barb wire-
saw palmetto (Serenoa serru- feet in height of trunk. It is a charm- never attains the massive bulk of the which was then coming into use-but
lata) is only too well known to most ing palm, the upper surface of the Canary Island date, which is the most peaches of the finest kinds to sell from
of us. ,It is dificult to transplant, and leaves is.dark shining green relieved by stately palm available to us. This the first of July to October.I .
many settler. has learned to regret the pale gray of the under surface species (Phoenix canariensis) is easily find even here in Florida, a man
the clean.sweep" made In clearing the foliage sway! in the wind, while recognized by the dark rich green of utilizing his fence row for profit. He:
his land at _first, especially where the the black, fibrous trunk_and formidable its fronds, whose divisions lie nearlyflat has a post and rail fence around a "
luxuriant clumps of almost treelike spines always attract attention, and its that is, in the same plane. It formsa large garden in which he raises aIr,
specimens( this palm have been i easy translocation to any soil makes it massive trunk, three to four feet kinds of truck. Against his fence he;;
sacrificed, since few plants present a one of the most available and effectiveof thick, with a spread of foliage of from plants tomatoes and butter beans, eachof
more striking and even weird and scenic plants within our reach. twenty-five to thirty feet, and does ex- which he trains to the fence. The "
grotesque appearance than an ancient The exotic palms to be grouped with tremely well both on low and high beans soon cover the fence and he
group of saw palmettoes, with their our native species, (besides the closely land, though the moister and richer has butter beans to use and to sell
scaly stems writhing up out of, the similar West Indian palmettoes already the soil the more rapid the growth will from the first of June ,till frost kills
ground at,all, angles like tormented referred to), are the dwarf fan palmof be. This species and P. sylvestrisare them. His vines were full the,last of,
1 sauiians, and ending in a hundred Europe, (Chamaerops humilis), and, perhaps our only cultivated dates October when I saw them. I had, t
widespread i .... ,. many-fingered' leaves. for special soils, the Californian Wash- which push no suckers from the base, been told running butter beans"wQul.4t


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'68 _: _'", .: THE FLORIDA FABMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.- JANUARY 30,
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'; :
USH YOUR ORANGg TRBBS When Fertilizing fop Fruit, use .

". ", by using"The Ideal Fertilizer." Ideal Fruit and Vine Manure,

Price $27.00.
r ;
PRICE $30.00 PER TON.
.tt ."" : GUARANTEED ANALYSIS..
-' '
Per Cent.
*.!:r -." 'Moisture .........................................................10 to 13 GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.
i.,, Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal,Nitrate of Soda Blood
". and Bone................. ........ .................... 4# to 5# Ammonia............................................... 2# to 4 per cent.
:*A; Available Phoa Acid from Add Phosphate and Bone........ 4tf to 514 Available Phosphoric Acid.......... ................ 6 to 8 II M
Sulphate Potash.... .' ......... .......................... 11 to 13 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid ... .......-.................. 1 to 3" "
.f'-"' Equivalent to Actual Potash................................... 8 to 8 Sulphate of Potash .... .......................... .... .. 20 to 24" .
Magnesium. Sulphate,Lime,Calcium Sulphate.Organic Mat- Potash Actual K20.... ................................ 10 to 12 II
terietc; ........... .... .................... .... ....65 to 70 Magnesium, Sulphate Chloride Calcium Sulphate,
*' Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood etc............. ..............................55 toflO "
1.; Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring matter used). :Made exclusively from Snlphate or Ammonia Nitrate of Soda. ,
,.;This. is.a,soluble, quick acting and lasting.fertilizer. The nitrogen Blood,Bone, Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash. .. _. 3
j" coming from three different ingredients is especially Manufactured by .:,'>

: valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak- WILSON Ss TOOMBR,
: ,ing quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash
"
Florida
The Fertilizer House of ,

:Try it. alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced. JACKS: : NlILLE. FLK.

------ --
1We'alio have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

.; Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

; : 'WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.Write .
"
Us for Prices before Buying.
A* '- ILSON <& TOOMBR, Jacksonville

.. Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton.
'rHE) FERTILIZER HOUSE} OB" FLORIDA.not .


do,in Florida," ,hence, never tried mond cherry. They eat as well out large and shade and sap too much handles. For this Florida can furnish
them and have long been without a of hand when fully ripe, cook as well ground to plant around cultivated timbers to beat the world.
dish am very fond of. He keeps his and preserve better than anything of fields. But in making a plantationyou Will have more to say in another

tomatoes thinned of imperfect fruit, the kind I ever saw.I will necessarily have permanent letter about fences.
and pinches them back when growing have only three trees' of the late pasture-lots and some of your fencingwill CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, SR.

too rampant, and as a consequence he kind ;' two which have been bearingfor run through waste places; plant Campobello Plantation, Marion Co.
has finer tomatoes than anybody, as a number of years, and your oaks here and they will pay as ....
handsome as oranges. one just this last summer. well as any fruit trees. I cut down a The Satsuma Orange Tree
On another portion of his fence, he Not knowing that there will' be any live oak recently which shaded a very Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

had, for an experiment planted velvet more of this, kind, $25.00 would not important piece of cultivated groundon I read a short article in this paper
beans.'.' He says hogs are very fond be any inducement for either of them. which I believe there were five some time ago about the Satsuma tree
of them*; but he has not tried .other We don't yet half know what we bushels of acorns. Had I not had and its fruits, and not only agree with ,
stock yet. have or may have in Florida. I have plenty of others in more suitable places, the same in every particular, but I am
.From,what I saw, .I will plant some been bothered a good deal because I I should not have been justified in enabled to make a few additional remarks -
velvet titans for trial, and will advise could have no cherries. I. boughtand cutting it.There based entirely on experience.I .
every firmer to do the same-but not tried to grow several lots on their are enough acorns, and other am, perhaps, one of the first who
to plant,in the open field, unless they own roots, but failed. I sought information mast and grass that go to waste in planted the Satsuma tree and.who had
want to cut poles and stick them likehops. whether grafting on Mariana Florida to make meat to supply twice succeeded in making the same the best
or wild cherry would succeed. the population. This should be paying tree in this latitude.I .
' From my first experience with orange Can't find any body who knows. utilized. I will say more about this have tried it on sour, sweet and
trdes, I have been satisfied that Does any body know? If so, won't in another article. trifoliata stock, and find that,it will

close culture was not the thing for they please tell me. I guess I will There is one other tree that can be only become a paying tree on sweet
x them.. 'I-was fully confirmed in this graft some and then I will find out used for live fence posts with satis- stock. Some nurseries, having no
by'observing: the difference between and every body else shall know. faction and profit later, the common sweet stock on hand, often bud sour
ray wild: groves, which were budded That's New Year resolution and it persimmon. Persimmons grow to per. stock with some kind of sweet buds,

as the..trees originally grew, and those has been made every year for the last fection in Virginia; they do not here,as asd then rebud the sweet stock. ButI
transplanted] and closely cultivated. ten years. .' a rule.I .found that even that will not do,
Hence I had concluded to transplantall : I just'want to ask onequestion and and that, in order to', make the Satsuma -
in of hammock
my nursery trees to my rail fence i then I will be done with this plum have one tree a piece tree grow well, the roots must be
the best and
corners and when the fences become question till later. that bears largest sweet.It .
insecure to string barbed wire to them. In making a post and wire fence fruit I ever saw; a Japan for eugary is well known that the Satsumatree

J was, just carrying this into effect will it cost any more to dig up a wild sweetness is not to be named along can stand from six to eight degrees
it others that
Near
when the freeze came and killed all plum, red-bud, dog-wood, black.haw, side of it. are two more cold. than any other vari
my trees. But for this, I should now live or water oak and transplant them, bear no fruit. There are two other ety. The tree is thornless and blooms
in cuitivated field that receive
have four miles of orange tree fence and make living fence posts, than it trees a from ten to fourteen days later than
posts, most of them strung with barbed will to split out and plant dead posts, the same second cultivation as the crops, other varieties, which is of great importance -
the
wire. Don't you reckon the wire- which at best, only last a few years? that are only to former. in our frequent spring frosts.
scattered about which'
grass cattle and the razor-back hogs My experience is that it does not There are many The fruit is seedless, of excellent flavor -
either barren bear indifferentfruit
would have looked on with amazement and the satisfaction of not only having are or ripens as early as November 1St,
at that fence'? your work permanent, is worth a good ; these I will transplant to a fence and being the only kid glove orangein
from the first and
It was a pretty hard lick to lose so deal, but the profit and beauty to be row and graft varieties. name, the market at that time, it is boundto
many pretty orange trees, but I have had from living, blooming fence postsis different Japanese be the best paying variety. It has
not given up my idea of the profitableness worth a good deal more. Did you ever drink.any persimmonbeer been said a few years ago by some one
.. of living fence posts. I am now To the above may be added pear ? Whether you did or did not in this paper that he has never seen
preparing to transplant a large number trees with good effect. make a barrel next fall and you wont the Satsuma tree bear as much as one-
of plum trees, which 1 have for Your wild plum stocks may be care to drink any more lager.: half of a* box ot fruit. In reply to this

that purpose, that bear and ripen fruit budded with Kelsey, or any other If you make a fence with these and statement, I can say that I had trees
from'the middle of :May till in Octo- improved plums. Did any body ever your grand children find them to budded in 1888 which averaged four
; ber. I wonder if the latter won't fill. see anything more beautiful than a I shade the ground too much, they can and a half boxes in 1894, and five anda
the bill for Mr. Orange's offer in the' Kelsey plum or a pear tree in full cut them down and make them into ,half boxes in 1895.

paper of zdinst, of $25.00 for the bloom? If fruit is not the object and shoe lasts and 'shuttles. Most of the This, I think, shows beyond doubt

tree. These are not "cherry plums," you want beauty as well as utility, persimmon timber will be destroyedby the advisability of planting Satsuma
but are seedlings from trees of Chickasaw plant alternately fifteen feet apart wild that time and it will be worth some trees more extensively in that part of

varieties; some not unlike a plum, red-bud, dog-wood, peach and thing. the State where frost is apt to injurethe
.cherry in appearance, but larger; black haw, which will all be in bloomat ,When asked what business will pay crop during the winter months.In .-

some as sweet as any heart cherry, and the same time. in Florida, say a factory to make.shoe conclusion, I will say that, while'
pone more acid than an Early Rich Live oak and water oak grow too lasts, shuttles pully blocks and the fruit is rather' rough}looking thc'0 '




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1897. u THE FLOBIDA PABMKB AND FBUIT-GEOWSB- 69 1'

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first two years, it becomes as pretty As to tomatoes not the tenderestbud
and smooth as the Mandarin after the Pinery. Tobacco. .1
., has been touched here up to this .
tree has become older. time, and I witnessed the same result ---.r-- ......, ,;t<,,

H. FRIEDLANDER.Interlachen Edited by J. B- Beach PalmBeach.Fla.&. here for eight successive winters priorto Is a Revolution Impending in'Cigar ,' }

Fla., January 19, 1897. the freeze two years ago. Moreover Leaf Tobacco Culture?

Is there not a mistake in the above Letter from Polk County. I have reasons to affirm that at This question is worthy of the clos- .

dates, 1894 and 1895 ? JAMAICA SORREL. least twenty-five years prior to these est attention of all tobacco growers, :

---. .. eight, all would have gone throughsafe in view of the remarkable results that
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Letter from the Bub-PenInsula. -Should the virtues of this plant be- as I was here in the country and have followed the introduction 'of Sumatra -
witnessed winter the results of tobacco seed in the United
Editor Farmer andFrult-G rower: come generally known no other plantin every
States. A dozen
The winter far has been exceed- its line in will cold snaps. S. W. CARSON. years ago this journal
so my opinion, com- obtained seed direct from the United
ingly mild notwithstanding the fore- mand greater attention. I can't give Frost Proof, Fla.Pineapples States consul
at Singapore but the
casts by prophets gave a gloomy out- you the technical_,name of it, but it is .... leaf obtained from it was not, promis

look. Brother Laurie and I and Brother known here as the Jamaica sorrel, and in California. ing and we doubt if

Will felt awfully "spotted" after is destined to be grown here for familyuses About six years ago pineapple culture who received the seed have many continuedto growers

reading of the blasts that were in store for time indefinite. Preparedfruit was commenced here, at first in propagate it. The department of

-old Boreas' store. And the twentieth has been sent to Washington, to varieties has distributed
an experimental way. Eighteen agriculture someseed,
of January brings anything else, certain persons, who pronounce it as have been tested and five of them but it was no good. Finally; man

than the "destructive" blizzard the superior to the cranberry. I have have proved hardy and well adaptedto was sent to Sumatra by President

later prophet, spoke of. I keepthinking tested it,here in the last two winters in cultivation in open air without Duval of the Florida Central and Pen-

I have done my last fool trick pies, jelly, marmalade, and as a bev- protection, at an elevation of 80 to 100 insular railroad, who obtained a small

and I long ago promised not to get erage, and have 'found it all that, in feet above sea level. Their fruiting quantity of seed of the finest strainsof

scared at freezes. I have now hung general, will be demanded even on
season seems to be much later than in Sumatran tobacco, although this
my tropical harp on a (weeping) wil first trial, and by use it will go with an other countries and extends from seed is jealously guarded by Sumatran

low tree where with\ oranges at two to increasing'relish. September i to May i. planters. A little of this importationwas

three dollars a 'box it may hang in As to growth, it will grow anywherethat in
The fruits in Decemberand planted Connecticut and Pennsylvania -
largest ripen
peace and quiet. Our kitchen gar a careless weed will, and with almost and has
and last given promising results
harvested
January, we
dens fine. The market little attention year
are trucker as and I think on
the tfas
but bulk
of.the seed distributed
got his, "nun! this last fall. all kinds of soil, low or high. The one weighing 8% pounds on in -
the 26th of It had Florida. The 1896, was
Oh, say, Mf. Editor, can you tell stalks, here in the sand hills, at and and January. seven the third of this new variety sinceits
slips a multiple crown containing crop
where that McK. gold basis prosper- around Frost Proof, will grow six feet
and it is
'' about seven more plants and was of importation, conservative.
is
? but how
much
ity high, higher I don'tknow.
to that it has already revolutionized
the
Porto Rico variety. Some haveno say
I'm talking about pineapples. You They are: of a purple-red color
the
in the cigar industry of Florida, Indeed ,
core center and only a small
know these blackjack and spruce pine even to the fruit pods. The bloom is it is fair
a question whether
one at the base and crown. When 11
rosemary,scrubs that we never could of a light yellow tint. I thought but I Sumatran seedleaf will
not supercede
sliced crosswise show solid[ .
they a
the of for sites for little about the first
see use except glass thing at although of the Havana '
some ,, seedleaf and
in
center beet
resembling a texture
factories or grave yards,are now foundto I relished the acid finely as a beverage,, Connecticut
broadleaf now in
and full of that when sliced 11 grown
so juice
be the paradise of the pineapple. If but have been much more favorably New
they soon cover with a that has England, New York, Pennsylvania -
the people could only enjoy these impressed with it at every return of its syrup Ohio
and Wisconsin
and
far should
[ |
fragrance superior to imported
pines our people can raise them. use. A specimen has been sent from any those sections fail to produce

Here's politics again! I stop. here to New York also, but not yet ones.Natives equally
of this
as good quality new leaf, it ,
heard from. I of the tropics state that they J
WM. P. NEELD. am strongly persuadedthat may be that Florida will develop a 0
I '4 it is to become the Southern cannot find any difference betweenthe tobacco the
great industry at eXpense
in its pines ripened here or those ripened
'Mr. E. H. Mote shipped Monday, cranberry, uses. of the north. Both these expectationsare

January 18th, the first carload of cab PINE APPLES. nearer the equator. Many localities firmly held by Col.! F. B. goodie, .
San
near Diego on the mesa Isnds
bage from his vegetable farm. Well I who is the best '
i5o-acre am literally fascinated with expert on the subject
well climate but i inmost
are adapted as to
Mr. Mote says-that he will ship threeor what Brothers Russell and Van the soil !i in the State, and who lives at Lake
places requires mixing
four more carloads during the Houten said of it in your worthy and Parties City, northern Florida, the head center
mulching. are now
month. Beginning with February he columns of late, for although they pre of this new departure in 'tobacco cul
paring to plant on a large scale andraise
will, perhaps, ship a carload per day. confine themselves so closely to the for the local markets ture. It is these possibilities that will
and
pines
January is a month earlier than Mr. of Orlando in the
attract to
locality Orange county,, of the largest and best varteties like many approaching na-
Mote began to ship cabbage last other i tional convention of tobacco
year. writing as though no portion o f the residents of Washington and New growers
The first carload was shipped Febru could with Ocala Florida .
Orange compete it. As I York at Jan. 12. though :
are now paying $i a piece for,
ary 18. His crop is much larger and 1 have been in Orange and seen some of citizens a the meeting might better have been
Many our are planting
of better quality than he has ever before of her high hills, lakes and soil, nearly few in their gardens and some in their held at Lake City, where the State

raised., He sells all of his cabbage forty years ago, I conclude that other Agricultural College and Experiment
front where
yards they attract atten ,
f. o. b. shipping point, and has localities in that county would do jus Station are located. Other varietiesof ;;'
tion from tourists and
no trouble in selling all of his stock i in as well under the care of such men as have just come from strangers homes where, who cigar leaf are being, successfully .

that'way.-Leesburg Commercial. Messrs. Russell and Van Houten. grown in Florida, and a colony of
... snow and ice have caused them to go
--- ,
But, concluding that your readers southward. Here they thoroughly Cubans in Polk county are growingtwo ;
The company which was incorporated I will be charitable of tobacco from
enough,to allow tha crops a year pure
the climate and
appreciate productions
last year under the name of the other outside Cuban seed which is claimed
portions even of Orange to equal
as they view an air pinery :
"Compagnie Generale des Phosphatesde open during in the famous Vuelta 1.
county might'grow pines successfully quality Abajo
Christmas,time, with pineapples ripen
la Florida will
commence operations and leaf but here consider
too down we can
especially south of only
in while others in
ing some plants are
very soon at Newberry, in Orange in the sand hill region o f the new Sumatran seedleaf that is {{

Alachua county, and is also preparingto eastern Polk, let me tell them, if you bloom in the same yard. These making such a sensation in the tobacco ,:
blessings our citizens without
mine rock at Trenton, in the same that where the enjoy world.
please, tropical
papaw realizing the contrast so noticeable tour o :
The Suwanee river will bused
county. e will grow, blossom and fruit, all theo winter tourists, who find nothing Our frontispiece next week will givean

as the means of transportation t winter, in the open air, that the pine like it outside the tropics.-Fruit idea of field and harvest of Sumatran
the The has +
ocean. a paid
company apple grower need not be scared. Trade Journal. seedleaf_ _as grown_ at Lake City,
capital of $1,000,000. Mr. A. A.
up I40h. but didn't it get them in the bra ....... but a still better judgment may be
Riche of Paris France is the
princi- freeze?" No sir the
not pineapple;; formed from the picture on this. page
the
pal promoter of this new company. I beg pardon for of them Budding Mango
your many of the new variety contrasted with ,
..... Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
had all their leaves ,
quite but
spared, Connecticut broadleaf, the latter be. :

The Cinamon tree has recently very few, not twenty per cent, going Mr. Burr, of Winter Haven,put me ing rather wider and heavier than the :

been inlroduced into the Biscayne Bay below the level, and half of them or to budding the mango just before the Havana seedleaf, also much grown" in :-

region of Florida and is now being more sprouted from the stem under- '94 freeze. Mr. Butler and myself hada the cigar-leaf States. 'These picturesare '

cultivated extensively on the Perrine neath the warm sandy soil and came number of buds that were promising.The from photographs taken exclu

Grant. It is to be hoped that the out during the year, and with the application operation is simple enough, being sively for us, and this is the first pub

experiment will be successful and that of such fertilization and irri- the,same as for the oranges, ex- lication in the world of a life-like pic-

we shall be able to add another to the gation as the above gentlemen have cept that waxed cloth must always be ture of a Sumatran tobacco ,plant.

already long list, of tropical plants Jiow given theirs at Orlando, almost the used, in case of the mango. This new tobacco is a type J distinct x, I

being profitably cultivated In our fair whole, would have pulled through WM. P. NEELD. from our American or ,Cuban !obaccos. !

state-Biscayne Bay Monthly successfully. Pinellas, Fla. The plant in blcom (except for


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,70,, ,. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND PBUIT-GROwi B. JANUARY 30,
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its flower) reminds one of( the common I go into'the business of raising Suma I I Get your Potatoes to Market- Early by using

:' sunflow r:rather. than of what we tran seedleaf in Lake City and vicinity.
,V' are accustomed -to in tobacco.. Its This is the place where the celebrated; IDEAL POTATO MANURE

.leaves ,delicate. a nature that Chapman crop of Havana seedleafwas MANUFACTURED BY ,
after' ring fermented it will take grown in 1892, some of which & TOOMER
about two hundred of them to weigh a sold Vat $2 per pound. There are ILSON ,
pound._ Hence the wonderful "wrap- considerable areas of cheap land in "The Fertilize #[ oase' of Florida.

: ping" capacity of .this leaf-that is, that section that will doubtless pro

the great,number of cigars! ,that can be duce tobacco of the best quality, if PRIGS $30.00 PER TON.
"; ,covered by one pound of Sumatran properly worked. Of course there is

.seedleaf.. This year's crop of it .in much to be learned in the whole tobacco GUARANTEED ANALYSIS :

Florida was nearly all bought up before industry, and especially in Ammonia....;...4to 5 per cent.
election at twenty to fifty cents growing and handling this new variety Available,Phosphoric 6to 8 cc
but all this and allowing Insoluble Phosphoric .-.. 1,to 2 '* "
per pound for the cured l leaf, while.it discounting Sulphate of ,. to 18 "

is,,claimed that selections of Florida- for exaggerations by sanguineor Potash Actual.... .... .... .'....-. .... ,8 to 10 4< "
V :grown Sumatran leaf have sold to interested men, searching inquiry Made from Nitrate of Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia, Blood, Bone, Dissolved
cigar manufacturers: for $1.50 ,to $3 indicates that this new developmentin Bone, Sulphate and Muriate of Potash. V .

-, 'per:pound; in appearance rivaling as the cigar-leaf industry is worthy of
cigar .wrappers the finest imported close ,attention, both by those who A Selected Lot of Fine Seed Potatoes.

fromSumatra, while. in quality (that may be seeking "fresh fields and pas Improved Eearly Rose No. 4, Carnien No. 1, Rural New Yorker No. 2, and

\is;,flavor, body, burn, etc.) surpassing tures new," or those who wish to other leading varieties.For .
Melons use IDEAL FERTILIZER. Correspondence solicited. A
1 the best Sumatra leaf. Unlike the keep posted upon what may possibly stock of Potash, Blood and Bone, Cotton Seed Meal\ and Agricultural Chemicals.large
leaf, direct from" Sumatra, which is so compete with or create great changesin Get our prices before buying.
poor in quality as to be..unfit for the an industry in,which they are now "VV"ILSON dL TOOl'UER

bulk of the cigar (fillers and binders), engaged.-Am. Agriculturist. "The Fertilizer House of Florida." ,
this Sumatran seedleaf, when allowedto
fully ripen, possesses quality and & Jacksonville Florida.strain .
., aroma that make it desirable for fillers. Farr el' Tifqeketf,

In .this..respect, it seems to improveafter of Jersy cows is as good as any A committee consisting of three members -

one or two years domestication.In Pedigree Strawberry ,Plants. other herd or strain. Although one shall chosen to prepare a programof
exercises for each which
Florida it does well on both old Editor Farmer and Fruit-G rower: might have been highly and judiciously shall be prepared meeting and announced, program at

and new lands, while in Sumatra, tobacco Pedigree plants or animals are those fed and bred from scrubs for least two meetings in advance.
is grown largely on new land. having a known line o ancestry- twenty generations.The The regular meetings of the club shall
Aside from its hardiness, thrift and fact is that all varieties of be held on th (name the day) in
presumably good ancestry. each month atname( place). Who
quick-growing qualities, and the high New varieties strawberries origi- strawberry plants as soon as originated shall sign the Constitution, and to
price the best leaf commands, this i nate from seed sown by man or' na begin a gradual process of change. It confo m to the By-laws and rules agree that
Florida-Sumatra seedleaf specially. ture. A variety thus originated prop- may be slow but it is sure and almost may be made from time to time.
attractive.to-the planter because under agates itself by means of runners inevitably tends to deterioration.My ,The Constitution may be altered or
the'same conditions it averages twice which from old plan is to arrest and even to amended, by a two-thirds vote, at any
out
grow an plant,
of the club after
regular meeting one
.as many pounds of cured leaf per acre take root and form young plants. A some extent reverse this process of month's notice has been duly given.A .
as the other varieties heretofore grownin pedigree strawberry plant, as I use deterioration by raising young plants set of By-laws should be added, to
Florida. The average yield of the term, means usually, but not al- from old plants of conspicuous merit regulate the duties of members as to read
Cubari'seedleaf in Gadsden County isabout' ways, one of the above kinds, for the and from no others. ing essays and papers and taking part in
the discussions, collecting to defray
0. 'V. BLAGKNALL. money
four hundred pounds per acre, ancestry of some of the best varietiesis etc.
but'Sumatran seedleaf makes eight not known, which has been still Kittrell, N. C.Farmers'. These necessary subjects expenses should have special at-..

hundred pounds under like conditions, further improved by repeatedly select- Clubs. tention in a Southern: farmers' club: Howto
and as'high'as 1,000 to 1,200 pounds ing plants noted for general excellenceas get out from under the incubus of a
of the "behind-the-times" lien reduce the rate of interest
hav'ebeen, claimed in a few instances. fruit bearers from whose One cause crop or
runners condition of the Southern farmer is the absence therein; and the growing of the family
Mr. Corry, who had one hundred young plants are pbtained to set all of organization. Separate and alone and stock requirements on the farm. The
and thirty acres of Sumatran seed- new fields. the farmer cannot amount to much, educationally subject of fertilizers,rotation of crops,diversified
leaf under his charge in Florida the From these young plants, the most socially or politically. He farming, improvement of the
ipast season,, reports an average of excellent ones are again in fruiting needs the stimulus of organization.The soil and stock, added comforts to the
hundred of merchant organization that seems most desirable home, etc., would all find a place in the
eight pounds
time selected, the most excellent ones is one that combines educationand farmers' club, which,In time,would grow
able cured leaf per acre. Being so again and so on ,indefinitely. But social intercourse and admits both into the farmers' institute, resulting in a
upright in growth, plants are set the berries, should not be allowed to sexes and all ages above perhaps fifteenor higher agricultural education and scientific
twelve to fifteen-inches apart In rows remain on these plants an hour longer sixteen years. The objects should be farming.-Southern. Ruralist.
'three and one-half four feet to listen to papers and discussions on -
to
apart, than.is to the fruitful. '
necessary prove farm, household and economic questions The trial of Johnson grass has proveda
giving ioooo, to 12,060 plants, per ness and general excellence of the not debarring those of State and National} trial to many a farmer who made a
acre. Col. ''Moodie reports that with plant. The berries should always be importance, and to enjoy music, recitations trial of it. The trial of methods to get
proper care seventy-five per cent of pulled off,before they ripen or the seed dialogues, etc. rid of this great trial is now occupyinghis
the crop will be fine A wrappers, the mature, which is the process so ex- Talk the matter over with your neigh- thoughts and, time wherever it baa
bor, and two with others, and get upa reached a cultivated field.
balance seconds, binders and fillers. hausting to the plant.It you
club in your neighborhood. We appenda Be cheerful at your meal Wind up
The crop is'harvested leaf by leaf and is denied that this selection does form of organization: with a good laugh. The cheerful, happy
strung on'wires for curing! in barn, any good at all, and asserted that one This club shall be known as the family is riot liable to suffer from indigestion -
" although some still cut it up at the plant of any given variety is just as Club of TownshipCounty, unless they eat too much grease
bottom and'hang the whole plant, as good as any other plant of that var State ofThe and too many hot biscuits.
of the club shall be mutual
: in the seedleaf sections of the north, iety. That the assertion is erroneous object intercourse. Poland-China sows, crossed with the
and social
improvement Berkshire boar
produce
or the shipping-leaf region of the mid- I know from actual and repeatedtests. The exercises at our meetings shall con large pigs that English are more profitable,than any
dle,south. The leaf on wires seemsto I have, long followed this planof sist of the discussion of subjects pertaining other combination. This cross gives
cure much better during the rainy selection;and proven that it does to our interests as farmers, recitations, vitality, size and rustling qualities-
season' at which it is harvested. The tell strongly in the i improvement of a music, etc. :Membership, at the organization makes better mothers and produces
of the club shall consist only of
of Sumatran seedleaf in Florida of that it is larger and stronger litters.
96 crop variety, provided, course, engaged in farming,and over six-
'has been placed as high as 1,000- intelligently and persistently carried teen persons years of age. Careful experiments beans with have the demonstratedthat downor
.and with the ab- the of the club members planting eyes
pod pounds, even After organization
with the cut side down givesno
out.In ,
potatoes
.'sence of enterprise among the natives, I fact, improvement in plants or : shall be admitted upon a vote by ballot better stand than promiscuous drop-
the'limited means of those who realize' animals can come in no other way. i of not less than two-thirds of those ping. -

.- .:' the possibilities i and the small number To assert that all strawberry plants. of i present include at persons any regular of all meeting other callings, and may, if The notion that late varieties of peaches
6f* experienced planters from the any given variety are, equally good, deemed best by the club. bloom earlier, or early peaches bloom
north., the '97 crop Is to be double no matter how the one may have been The officers shall consist of a president, later or that seedling peaches are more
hardy than budded is not proved to be
i this. Enterprising men of experiencein allowed to fun down by neglect, or vice-president, secretary and treasurer, fact by general observation.
cigar-leaf tobacco culture and trade the other bred up by careful selectionand whose duties those shall officers.be such as usually. devolve To get the largest yield from a given

; are expected to make a study of this high culture, is an error and an They upon shall be elected at the first meet- area, at the same time increasing the fer-
V matter in Florida this winter, and error of a very harmful kind. It is as ing each year, and shall serve, unless excused -. tility of the soil, is progressive and in-
[_ V : probably large numbers of, themwill erroneous as to hold that one herd or for good reason, one year. tensive farming.
4. '.' '" .
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1897.. r.r 'THE.> FLORIDA FABMEB AND urrc aows>;. 71
J }

:U}.. --......-.
" work, will probably lay during the compost for use in either vegetable --
'
. : .r:j'; Poultry.. :.whole winter.-Farm and Fireside. garden or orchard.. The birds them PotatOes

.. This is for the latitude of. Ohio, selves, if allowed to run in plum or
---------------- -- ------- --------- -----
be it remembered. apple orchard, will destroy all injurions ,
Edited by 8.8.DeLANOT,Apopka Fla. t *
insect life.
V"O.J""" Leaves for Scratching.We Tomatoes i Melons Cabbage ;
5. Because while cereals and fruitscan ,

Food and Warmth. often hear a great deal about only be successfully grown in cer- Turnips, Lettuce, Peas, Beets,

The hens now require care, as theyare little leaves-their difference color to poultry, etc. what It makes color tain sections, poultry can be raised for Onions, and all Vegetables, remove
table of in all
use or layers eggs partsof
not capable of existing during a the leaves are so long as they are the large quantities Potash
country.
severe winter and producing at I
eggs abundant. Leaves make excellent
6. Because poultry raising is an I from the soil. SupplyPotash'
the same time, if exposed in the tree- scratching material for the poultry
in which the farmer'swife
tops, or in the houses with cracks and employment
house floor. Straw is often valuable,
crevices, too much food being requiredto and daughters can engage'and
but leaves can be had for the-trouble
him
leave free attend
to to other de
provide animal heat as a protection of gathering them. We have often
against cold. The first essential to partments.
wished for a dense wood lot nearourpoultry
Because it will the best
secure eggs is to keep the hens warm. buildings. There we would 7. bring in liberal quantities by the use
Unless this is done, all the good that and it returns in the shape of new-laid eggs
have nature's scratching floor, '-during the winter season-when the of fertilizers containing not
may be given will be useless. Open is far better than could make.
any we farmer has time his hands I
which most on less than 10% actual Pot
poultry.houses, in the" cold Under such circumstances we would '
'winds and dampness enter while the scatter all our grain feed among the 8. Because to start poultry raising I ash. Better and more profitable
the farm little
on requires or no capi
hens! are on the roost take the I I
away leaves and to Biddie: "Root hogor follow.
say tal. Under circumstances, with yields are sure to .
any
heat from their bodies as fast as it is "
die.: I I I
be All about Potash-the results of its actual ex
generated from the food. After pro. These make splendid shade duringthe proper management poultry can periment on the best farms in the Unite States-U
made-with little cost-a valuable : told in a little book which we publish and will gladly
viding against the cold, the next con- summer and a good wind-break I auil free to,any farmer in America who will write(or it.
sideration is the food, and it is on the for the winter. The Cowls could roam adjunct to the farm.-Southern. Farm. GERMAN KALI WORKS, '
>- $3 Nassau St./New York.
methods of feeding that snccess large. at will except during storms or when Good Sense.

ly depends. One thing the farmers snow covered the ground. We would The poultry editor of Farm and Ranch

must learn, and that is not to rely on keep all, our fowls-houses and all- gives the following sensible suggestionsin FAIRVIEW PINERY."

grain only. Grain-feeding has done in the woods, if it wasn't for one treating of fads in the poultry busi-

more harm to the farmers, so far as thing, that is, the fondness of the human ness.
There are a few fundamental principlesthat
winter is concerned .Choice :
producing eggs : race for chicken meat, especiallywhen govern the'whole matter of successor ,
than may be supposed; not that grain it costs to '; -
nothing procure. failure in poultry raising, as they are
should be withheld, but that it has Turkeys delight to wander in the observed or regarded. Outside of theseis : :

been given too exclusively. Thereare woods, especially during the laying mostly bosh or something equally ab Pineapple., :: <
substances which may be fed in surd. Good healthy stock to begin with; :
and that is the :
season, only season
clean and comfortable quarters;plenty of \'if
connection with that will Plants
grain en- .
when we to keep them out al.
try good sound food in healthy variety -
; pure .
hance its value because the ration '. ?
is .
though the nest can readily be foundif water to drink; plenty of dry dust to .-1' .
then more suitable. Dried blood, one has the time and patience to wallow in; careful selection of breeders -. FOR SAT4E. 4- ...tt:

which has long been used as a fertilizer cautiously follow the hen. When we possessing the qualities! desired to be per- ,...it;

is perhaps the best egg-producing think a turkey'has stolen her nest, we petuated, and accidental isolation and disinfectionin Smooth Cayenne!! Home Grown!!'
case of introduction of .
food' known. It contains about .
ten ? '-
shut all in until this *
a yard turkey
up infectious diseases and you have the elements .
per cent of nitrogen, valued at about becomes uneasy; then'we let her out of success in a few lines of typeso 4 f

fifteen cents a pound of nitrogen. It and she will not waste much time in simple that all can understand and a ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.' ,

is very concentrated, containing only going to her nest.Don't beginner can thoroughly practice. No : ,
about thirteen cent of hospital with trained nurses and stock of !
per water. think the barn is the only is have F. N. PRICE,
drugs required.Ve a
never seen
One pound of, dried blood, two place to set the poultry house near. soil so deficient in lime that hens could !. "**

pounds of corn-meal, one pound of There are plenty of places on the not find material to put shells on their P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.

middlings and one-fourth of a poundof farm that are far better. eggs, and it is rare that a fowl becomes

linseed-meal should make an excellent To select probable layers from the sick if properly cared for. Hard boiled HOME GROWN 5
morning meal for fifty hens. egg is good food for chicks,but not better '.
meat makers: First study the head. than soaked oatmeal bread crumbs -
or
The mixture should be given every Eggs are the outcome of brain force. dry grits: and we know that fowls do di- .

other morning, allowing cut clover The laying hen is the nervous animal gest their food rapidly and grow fat Pineapple Slips '

hay on alternate days. At noon givea always. Heads easily indicate char- without pounded crockery or glass. Andas

gill of millet-seed, and at night allow acteristics. Select the long head not for medicines, they do more harm and Suckers
.
wheat and corn.-Farm and Fire- than good in nine cases out of ten. The ,
too full between the_eyes, fairly goodin general treatment for fowls is similar to Of the Varieties '
side. Following
width, and carrying a mild yet impressive that of any other stock, and should not
.
.
eye. A glance over the flock be complicated with impractical theo-
Hatching Too Early.If will indicate the extremes, and it is ries advanced by writers who wish to filla IZOR(!) SALE) : .

pullets are hatched too early they with extremes we have to do. Select given amount of space for a given sum
of money, or who prefer filling space ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN
may molt in the fall, and for that reason also the slimmer and longer neck and with nonsense.
QUEEN GOLDEN QUEEN RIPLEY
it is not the practice to hatch them body. It is a machine adapted to a ,

before March. This molting in the special purpose which is wanted, anda The Poultry Business. QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-

fall, instead of beginning to lay at that very little experience backed by a Greater than corn, greater than cotton, NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. : "
than hay than fruit is
greater greater ,
season, is the exception, and not the pair of sharp eyes will enable one to the poultry business in the United States. Apply to .
rule but it is better not to hatch divide the flocks and make for i
earlier way The sales of poultry and eggs exceed the 0. 0. :MATTHAMS, !
Keep in view the fact, also that more eggs. The producing henis sales of any one other product, and it is

the large breeds require a longer as much a special purpose creationas practically all consumed at home. The Florida Pineapple Company, -
sum total of the industry is over $500- Or to 7
time during which to grow than the the special butter-making cuw.
000,000. It is a matter of shame to the
small breeds, and that only the pulletsof Poultry is valuable to the farmer- people of the United States, and particu- HADDOCK & MATTHAMS,

the large breeds should be hatched I. Because.he ought by their meansto larly to its farmers, and suburban resi- West Palm Beach, Fla

early. They are intended to come convert a grea: deal of the waste of dents of the South, that 13,000,000 dozen

into service next fall, and ,then lay his farm into money in the shape of eggs have to be imported to supply the f

through the winter. Light Brahmas eggs and chickens for market. home Thousands demand.hduseholders in the South INFORMATION G Q.L D 0!
; Worth It'a Weight In
Cochins and Plymouth Rocks shouldbe 2. Because with intelligent man
who do not now, might probably keep a name and on ,we.I.I
hatched in March, Langshans, agement they ought to be all-year flock of ten to forty fowls to their own and wEffeLo you bow to =, best wire fenceon

Wyandottes and Minorcas by April revenue producers, with the exception. village neighbors' advantage, who would Diff-tight.Bt earth horse-high the Actual wholesale bull-strong! cokt 5!and wire.R .

loth, and Leghorns, Hamburgs and of perhaps, two months during the pay an extra price for. fresh eggs. tselman Bros., BoxB.." -RldgeYllle-.. ,,-0-Ind." -

other small breeds by May 1St. The moulting period. Says Mrs. Langston in Farm and

small breeds sometimes begin to lay 3. Because 'poultry will yield hima Ranch: To get the fleas off the poultryI A MONEY MAKERthe

when only five months old, and it is quicker return for his capital invested grease them with fried meat grease i&dutriouihenAll About bar
thrifty
not always desirable for them to do than any of the other departments of every other day. I find that fresh jimp- and how to make mono/ from poultry la
son weed bruised and put in the wafer New Poultry Guide for 1 807.
so, as it is at the of vigor. agriculture. heat pcane for
expense trough now and then is a good 100 P&PIPri.ated: In colon: :
every remedies recipes
The pullet that does not begin to lay 4. Because the manure from the preventive for many diseases originating for poultry dUeaM honw Beat;tore for ISc.it ion and write BO*.

until, November, and then starts at :poultry house will make a valuable in the poultry yard. JOSH BATO8B,T,Btt 31,J'mm.O.

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"2 __., FLORIDA PABMEB AND FBIII -QBOWER. JANUARY. -30, -, -

-

.- tate, News. Our Rural Home. pieces Flour a; season pudding-cloth with salt and and tie pepper.tightlyover St. Vitus Vanquished.

::'f.-'- -, .....- """,-"- .....- "",,-,,,", -;.-- ...,.. the top of the bowl;f immerse ina -

North a America derives most of its A Use for Old Bits of Silk. kettle of briskly boiling water and WHAT CURED LITTIE STANLEY
allow the boil for
pudding to steadily
supply of vanilla from Mexico and For Our Rural Home. NICHOL OF CHOLERA. *
from four to five hours. Serve
South America about 136,000 pounds Since work has out of very
crazy gone hot.-Ladies' Home From Republican-Journal Ogdensburg,N. Y.
being imported in 1891. As the market fashion, we women-folks have been .. .Journal. A letter was lately received at the officeof
t' price of f best quality of vanilla rather puzzled to know what to do Floor and Furniture. the Republican-Journal from Ham-

seldom falls below $12 per pound and with our silk scraps, old and new, for STAINING A FLooR.-Please adviseme mond to the effect that the cure of an extraordinarily -

the plant begins to bear in three years, they are continually collecting,in the severe case of St. Vitus'
of stain
a good cheap that I cause
dance had 1 been> effected the of
our settlers can form some, idea of house.A : on person
on an old floor that is too far gone'to little Stanley Nichol, the eight-year-old
what bonanza will have when
a they neighbor has solved the problem paint. Want to substitute the'stain son of Mrs. Charles Nichol that village.

their vanilla plants come into.bearing. quite satisfactorily, judging from the for paint until new floor can be put in, A reporter was accordingly dispatched
-Biscayne Bay Monthly.Mr. bedside she showed not in that direction who after
pretty rug me say a year or so. Clean wood thor- some inquiry.
E..H. ''Mote; will set 100 acres' long ago. oughly with soda and water (no soap). found Mrs: NichoPs residence about a
mile outside of the :Mrs. Nichol
in orange grove, 35 of this acreagehas You all know how it is knitted- Mix together Vandyke brown and said village.
:
already been set, after an exten- like mats made from woolen scraps- burnt sienna (dry), with some glue "A little over a year ago my boy,Stan

sive correspondence with'nurserymen with twine, slipping in the silk size (/ Ib. to gallon water); coat floor ley Nichol, who is now only eight years

all over the State, in the finest varieties bits and knitting in strips about four with a thin mixture of this, using white, old, alarmed me one day by being taken
of to, be,had. There are with a strange gurgling in his throat. After -
oranges J inches wide. "You will need all the wash or paint brush, staining wood
the first the attacks became quite fre-
130 trees to the acre, or 4,520 in old silk you can find about the house," evenly. When dry, give coat or two quent. Stanley did not complain of any

grove. Of this number 150 are she told me, "old handkerchiefs and of floor varnish (ask for this). No use pain. but said that he could not help

Satsumas budded on trifoliata stock. mufflers, bits of ribbon, silk stockings, trying light colored stain on an old making the noise. At that time there
Because. the natural fertility of the' underwear, and for the predominatingcolor floor.: was New York doctor stopping in the
soil and ,its exemption from severe who was a specialist on throat and
the old dress or petticoat of STAINING FURNITURE.-Will some villa
diseases. I took my son to him
frosts, this will make one of the finest black, brown or grey I dipped all cdrrespondent kindly give directionsfor and, after a careful examination, he Eaidthat

grove properties in the State.-Lees- the white pieces into diamond dye, preparing stains to make a new there was nothing the matter with

burg Commercial.As old gold and cardinal for brighteningit finish for willow and cane furniture, the boy's throat. The gurgling, in his

an example of, what this land up; made the most in crazy knitting, mahogany and dark brown colors preferred opinion of,the was caused muscles by of a nervous the throat.contraction He-
'
can do, I will say that I met a man mixing the bright bits in quite evenly, ? Mahogany and walnut stains I asked who our family physician was,and '

who pays $100 rent per acre for land then knit enough black strips for a come prepared for this purpose, put said that he would consult with him before '

and produced last year $1,200 worthof Border all around. Isn't it handsome?" up in half pint to quart cans, and may he prescribed.

celery. He owns the land now. An- ELIZABETH. be had of any paint dealer. Or take "Stanley rapidly grew worse. He was

other man paid $600 for ten acres of good copal varnish and sufficient burnt always a sickly boy. One day I noticed
hammock and in tomatoes netted that he was jerking his arm up in a very
Five Favorite Receipts. sienna and it
rose pink to give a ma- A few later he
peculiar manner. days
$6,750 the first crop. Another man I POTATO PIE-May be made by lining hogany color, or use burnt umber or seemed to lose control of his!legs,first one

met paid $300 for four acres, about pie-tins with ordinary pie-crust, Vandyke brown to make walnut stain. and then the other would be pulled up

the same amount for clearing and re. and filling with mashed potatoes sea- Apply same as paint or varnish, and, and then straightened out again., He wasa

ceived $1,200 for his crop. ,His wasa soned with a little fried, onions and when dry, give a coat of clear copal perfect bundle of nerves, and was rap-
losing all control of himself. When
He is idly
tomato crop. now plantingin Put on an varnish.
summer savory. upper eating at the table or drinking his arm
the hills where' the plants are to crust, and bake from twenty to thirty CLEANING FRAMES.-Is there any would often twitch so as to spill what he

grow, no transplanting. These growers minutes. Serve hot. in which badly tarnished gilt was drinking. One day he scared me
plant from 40,000 to 60,000 celery' way terribly by throwing back his head and }
OLD FASHIONED APPLE PIE-Fill a frames and mats can be restored to a
how rolling his eyes up so that only the white
plants to an acre, according to
deep yellow pie-dish with pared presentable condition without sending -
him
free the land is from Their parts showed. I took to our family
stumps. self- apples sliced very thin; cover with a them away to be regilt? D. Simply physician, who prepared some medicinefor
varieties
favorite : are golden substantial crust and bake; when wash them with a small sponge, wet him. He took it and commenced to

bleaching white plume and pink browned to a turn, slip a knife around with hot spirits ol wine or oil of turpentine improve. The dose, however had to be
plume. Prices ranging from $i to increased, and Stanley rebelled against
inner take off the and but
the edge, cover not too wet, sufficientlyto it. It medi
bunch of dozen stalks taking was very disagreeable
1.40 per a on turn bottom upward on a plate; then take off dirt and fly marks. One cice, and I don't blame the boy for not

later the dock in the; though prices Northern.celeryis are higher add a generous supply of sugar, cin- part of ammonia to three parts of soft wishing to take it.

umed.-Manatee season as item in Tampa namon and cloves to the apples ; mash water is also good.\ Don't wipe, but "Our physician went to New York
all together and spread evenly on the let the frames dry of themselves. If city on business and while he was away
Tribune.If inserted After the is restorable the medicine became exhausted and we
crust. grating nutmegover gilt worn or not by

suggestions from your rural cor- it the dish is served cold with washing, regilding is necessary, and very could bad.get no About more.that Stanley time I read was about still ,

respondents are in order, would offer be done at home by a handy
_
cream. may a little girl who had been cured of St.
the following plan to checkmate this HONEY FRUIT CAKE-Four eggs, person.Country Gentleman. Vitus' dance by taking Pink Pills. I

vegetable pirate-the water hyacinth: five cupfuls of flour, two cupfuls of t m < thought I would try them and procureda
the have constructeda box. I followed the directions that
Let government
Mr. and Mrs. Battenfield of Dela-
honey one cupful of butter, one
cup- with the and half
steel trawl seine with came pills, gave only a
strong or ful of sweet milk, two teaspoonfuls of ware, Ohio, came Friday, and are pill at a dose. I did not see much !improvement
cutting edges on the lower links, place settled for the winter in the .
cream of tartar, one teaspoonful of nicely and increased the dose to a
the same on a powerful steam vessel soda, one pound of raisins, one poundof cottage, on the avenue. They havean whole pill. The effect was noticed in a
with' the necessary machinery and Point and day. Stanley immediately commencedto
currants half a pound oi citron orange grove at City ,
steam for working all the details get better and did not object to takingthe
visitors for
power annual there ten sea-
one teaspoonful each of cloves, cinna- were .
medicine.He
pills as he had the othor
of the business. Then proceedto mon and nutmeg. Bake in a slow sons previous to last winter, when they took seven boxes of the pills and to-
the lower navigable end of the California. much be well. He
oven._ went to They pre- day appears to perfectly
river and operate toward Jacksonville. fer the climatic conditions of Florida, discontinued taking them some time ago.
could be carried out in the DEVILED HAM LOAF-Take two He fifteen pounds
The trawl and will never again go to the far weighs nearly more
other contriv spoonfuls of cracker or bread crumbs, than he did and is strong and hearty. A
stream by a crane, or West in search of mild winters, whichare
of the a quarter of a pound of deviled ham, year ago we took him,out of school but
feet ahead
an
ance, 25 or 50 Mr. B's. health.
two cupfuls of milk, using a portionto so necessary to he is FO much better now that he is goingto
chored vessel, according to the quantity Advocate. "
Titusville begin again this fall. ,
removed then moisten the ham. Stir in two eggs, .
'of hyacinths interviewed the
pulled in and its load of hyacinths add salt to taste, put into a buttered It certainly is a great pity to see the druggist The reporter, Mr. George Riley, and he village stat-

transferred on:a slide to a steam vat bread-pan and bake'one hour in a millions of feet of fine timber going to ed that he had sold Mrs. Nichol a large

'on a barge in the rear. After the moderate oven. Serve cold, cut in waste in the storm section of Levy. number of boxes of Pink Pills and that

scalding kills the germ, the mass of thin slices, and garnish with parsley. This is the thought that comes to one he had heard they had cured her son of
St. Vitus' dance. Mr. Wiley said that he
vegetable) matter could be emptied bya BEEFSTEAK PODDING-Is made by who travels over this territory. Great sold a great many boxes of these pills to

lift into a compress, which would mixing one cupful of beef suet, chopped mammoth saw logs long and straight old people who had become nervous and

return the large proportion of water to fine, with two cupfuls of flour, monarchs of the forest, and prostratefive irritable and they invariably reportedthat

the river and. the dry residue could one teaspoonful of salt, mixing 'them and ten deep in some places, and they were benefited by their use.

' be mixed, or not, with cotton seed together with enough water to make a unless something is done quickly the Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain in a

hulls,and disposed of,,either for stock dough, easily handled. Roll out the loss will be total. The chief troubleis sary condensed to give form new, life all the and elements richness to neces-the

food or as an ingredient for making dough and line a buttered pudding- the inaccessibility of the timber to blood and restore shatted nerves. They

,compost or fertilizer.-Eustis Lake i dish, fill with one pound of beefsteakand transportation.. -Levy Times-Demo- are also a specific for troubles peculiar to

Region. a beef kidney, cut into small crat I females, such as suppressions, irregulari.f' -


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a --1897- J THE FLORIDA ,FARMER AND PBDIT-GEOWKB _73 A. ,h
;Afc
F .. -.".., ;
ties and all forms of wea*.,.*ss. They '
Bfc? build up the blood, and restore the glow SEEDLING PECAN TREES. j
Kxof health to pale and sallow cheeks. Ink 'Miter J
[
r men they effect a radical cure in all cases \1\ ============= .
F arising from mental Pink Pills I
Kare sold in boxes(never worry.in loose bulk) at (PERRY DAVIS' ]ibera Pecan Grove and Pecan ,Nursery,

Kf 50 cents a box or six boxes for 12.50, and A Sure and 5afe, Remedy la 1
ON BLACKWATER BAY, SANTA ROSA COUNTY, FLORIDA. :
IPP may be had of all druggists or direct bymail every case end every kind .' .
from Dr. Williams' Medicine Company It
; 18961897. ,:,
of Bowel Is
N. Y. Complaint ::\
Schenectady
., ')10,000..SEEDLING PECAN TREES, Two Years Old from my own Pecans.15 to 24 inchei ':
---- *J high, and many even higher,at $to: oo per hundred.with liberal discount in lout of.000 and ,'-
SECRETARY OF AURICULTURE. over.-Terms, Cash with order. Shipment as directed. Transit charges to be paid by purchaser. '
KinKillerThis on receipt. No responsibility after shipment. .
Box 4, Bagdad, Florida. ARTHUR BROWN.. :: '

Who Shall He Be? -"
Is true statement and
a .
The HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE .. i
Agricultural Press of the country
It can't be made too strong .
:: :
in view of past experience, are consider
ably; exercised over the above question or too emphatic.It .

and do not want, as in the Harrison& and GARDEN AND fIELD' SEEDS

Cleveland administrations,a lawyer poli- is a simple, safe and quick .
iician, without a practical knowledge of cure for ,'

farming, and whose chief recommendation Q-Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for-price-list, of Field and Garden Seed : : ..
was service in the campaign.The Cramps, 00ug1J, Rheumatism,
1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats7s; cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
fact that when the Presidentelectwas Oolio, Cold, Hettralgia, pound;Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound. s
at the head of the Ways and Means Diarrhoea Croup Toothache .
,
Committee, he gave the farmers' committees P. F. WILSON
as respectful hearing and as full con- x Two sizes, 25c. and 50c. SEEDSMAN
.
sideration as the richest manufacturers, .,
gave the farmers confidence in him and, Keep it by )'ou. Beware of GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA. -:-:
; as he goes into the presidental chair free Imitations. Buy only the --
from pledges they believe he will in the I
future, as in the past,deal fairly with the Genuine-Perry Davis'. were many quiet feasts at all sorts of :"'"
,
farmers interests by consulting the wishesof Sold B .rra MN. hours in that neighborhood. And it iitiill '":'

that class in the selection of the Secretary came to pass that the cabiners in other MFAWI' ,
SMOKE YOUR
of Agriculture. settlements learned that too much corn, '
The Ohio Farmer, in recounting the potatoes, beans and such caused pigs to VDAUSERS LIQUID EXTRACfIFSMItK E .

history of the past two administrations bleed at the throat, and the Lords, not C Rcuias.E.KRAl13ERhBRO.fdIt10N.1'A.

\ in relation I to the Secretary of Agriculture des in the way of a restoration of busi finding their pigs and calves when th y
Bays: ness, and if the good times of 1890-92 are hunted for them, pusj ctcd the cruse and "UP.TODATE"QBYPupe '::
r President McKinley cannot afford to restored, the currency policy of the suc- the stock kept farther away from the i
make any such mistake. We know he cessful party will be accepted. Class settlements, and the labiners' truck I

earnestly desires not to do so. His entire distinction and sectionalism should be patches were saved.....
record in Congress and as Governor of buried so deeply that they will not be .
The Parable of the Trucker.
Ohio proves that he has a broad understanding issues in another campaign. 17.00 outfit for 88.00( Express _
of the magnitude of the agricultural -... And it came to pass that a certain min paid. Will spray a 10-acre orchard .'
i interests and a strong desire to promote who had laid up against a rainy day an per day. 75,000 in use. Satisfaction fturau.
Pete and Jake. teed or refunded. Ill't'd and
Catalogue
them. The farmers believe this. hundred pieces of silver, once said unto Treatise money on Spraying free. Arts wanted. Ex
This belief on their part kept them in or The land of lola is a goodly land where his wife: "Now that I have the where- elusive territory given. Rapid sellers. Manyof
brought them into the party by the thou- poor people have gone for health and withal, I will invest it that it may in- our agents are making from$10 to$15 per day.
P.C.LE W 18 MFG. co..Box ll,C.Utlli
sands. They expect that be will choosea comfort. The government allowed them crease and multiply and return unto me __ ;!I.Y. r:
man for Secretary who shall really represent homesteads on which they built cabins again." 40 WEST BAY STREET. '
them in the Cabinet both by his and raised corn and potatoes for their So he went into the market-place and
thorough knowledge and his earnest children. Others went there to raise bought tomato and cabbage seed, and Dr. W. V. GONNRLLY Dentist ::
fellow-feeling. cattle and hogs. They gained in wealth when he had tilled the soil he sowed the :, .
Whoever is selected for this position, and in influence and became the Lordsof seed therein. And the rains descendedso (Graduate Dental Department University, '\.;. .
' let it be a man from the agricultural the land. It came to pass after a time that the seed did grow and bear fruit, of Maryland ) '
ranks, a true representative of that class. that the cattle and hogs of the Lords in- some thirty, some sixty and some .an Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all other '!
We would call Mr. McKinley's attentionto truded on the ground of the cabiners. hundred fold. work done under the mos modem methods. "
Residence, West Street.
the claim of the farmers upon this The cabiners drove them off with dog, And when the harvest time was come, im 304 Ashley "
office. It belongs to them, and no politi- and sometimes the dogs bit the hogs. he went into the field and gathered his ;:..

cal debt should ever be paid with it un- This displeased the Lords and they put tomatoes and his cabbage and packed J. STEEKLER SEED ED. Lin red. ',
less it can be done incidentally. It is their heads together and made a law allowing them also in boxes. ,
unlike any other position in the cabinet.It their stock to intrude on the land And on that self same day likewise he MARY T. FROTSCHER, President 1
has no governmental function. Its of the cabiners, and providing penaltiesif delivered them up to a certain railroad Successors to ;:
:businsss is to foster the great foundation the dogs of the cabiners should bite which did run near unto his house. And Richard Frotscher's Gravier Street Branch Store, '
industry of the country and thus promoteits them while on their land. the railroad man carried his goods to Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St.,New Orleans, La. '
material welfare., To make it serve This brought fear the cabiners market and sold them even for a large Importers and dealers in Flower, Field and
upon Garden Seeds. Grasses,clover, bulbs, seed potatoes
this purpose it must have a man at its for the Lords were watchful, and so the price.And. and fruit trees in their season, Conductedby
head who has been identified with agri- hogs devoured the potatoes and com of when the man heard that thing relative of the late Richard Frotscher. Order .
culture all his life, who knows what it the cabiners, and their children were his soul was filled with gladness so that through Richard Frotscher's: manual of 1896 or
needs; who earnestly deshes its prosper- hungry. he lifted up his voice and said "Trulythis send for one free.

ity, and who has the ability to give wise Jake and Pete went forth in the duskof is biz! "
counsel to the President and to manage the evening to shoot rabbits for their But it came to pass that the railroadman much so that his gentle wife did quote
the department,so as to secure the largest hungry children. Jake found a nice fat kept the money for himself as the unto him this commandment: "Thou ,
and happiest results. No mere politiciancan pig lying dead with the warm blood price of carrying them to maket, and returned shalt not take the name of the Lord thy -
do this, and to place one in this fresh running from his throat, He call- unto the trucker only a few paltry God in vain for the Lord will not hold
position is simply to slap the farmers in ed Pete. Pete said that was one of the shekels. And when he received these him guiltless that taketh his name in :
the face and to a great extent lose their gang that rooted up his potatoes. Jake tidings he was exeeeding wroth, and vain. .-,
cordial and sympathetic support. said if they left it there the coons and bitter were his lamentations. Even soHow's Then departed he out of the house, =-

We endore the sentiments expressedby 'possums would eat it before morningand even as far as the barn; and when he .
the Ohio Farmer, in that this Cabinet it would do the owners no good but This I had kicked himself soundly, he bewailed -
position should be filled by some one if he took it home it would make nice We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewardfor his misfortune in these words: "Behold, '
wholly competent and whose interestsare food for his hungry wife and children, so any case of Catarrh that can not be I have toiled in sunshine and storm, in !:, .
completely identified with the farm- he put it in his bag. Pete said there cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. springtime and harvest, and nothingnow
ing interests of the country and whose were more in the gang and maybe he J. CHENEY & CO.,Props., Toledo, remains to me of all my labor. But
knowledge will not have to be acquired .could find one, and they found another Ohio.We my bright shekels have gone to the rail
second hand. :warm and bleeding. Pete said if they the undersigned, have known F.J. road man, where they jingle in his pock
We believe that Mr. McKinley com- left the pig there the owner would never Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe ets even to this hour.-So. Ruralist. .
prehends as few men do the interests o find it,and it was no more wrong to takeit him perfectly honorable in all business :
t the whole people and that as a general home and make it help supply the transactions and financially able to carry John Gould of Ohio says,we are learning : -

rule no class or section can be harmed or waste that it had caused than to let it lie out any obligations made by,their firm. that an acre of good ensilage will
benefited without the whole body politic there for his dog to eat, and so he put it West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists, To- winter two cows, while by our old plan,
being correspondingly,, affected, and thatit into his bag. ledo, 0., Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, it required two acres of com supply a ,
will be his aim to seek equally the On the morrow Jake and Pete made a Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio. cow with a winter's picnic, and impoverished ;
interest of all classes and conditions,as feast and invited their trusty friends and Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, her owner buying feed besides. ?j"
fully the interests of those who honestly when they related how they found the acting directly upon the blood and mu- Now we, with our ensilage, never.feed to .
differed from him in the late campaign, pigs, and their friends found how good cous surfaces of the system. Price, 75c. exceed five pounds of bran shorts a day -
as of those to whom he owed his selec- potato and new corn fed pigs were they per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testi- per cow. Two cows :to an acre is the .
tion. said they would hunt and mayhap'they monials free. kind of economy the Southern farmer

It should be the work of a united people might find some pigs that had eaten so In pruning the grape allow five canes wants to get on to, and those two''COW8
to' accept the situation, abandon much corn and potatoes that they had to or vines to each post, cutting back every had better. be Jerseys or Holsteins i thuscrubs. ,

politics for.the present, throw no obsta- lie down\ and bleed to death. And there year. > ,, ,

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. ',...., 1 t !JIB PLOBIDJL P1RHBB AND PRU1T-GBOW JANUARY 30,



-- aged; .in planting or cultivating vegetables Ramie. fully'and cheaply manipulated it will
Florida Farmer and Fruit -:Grower and fruits. They live in all kindsof Several of our English exchanges soon be grown on a large scale in -

dwellings, from hastily'constructed i have lately made prominent mentionof many tropical and semi-tropical lands; ,
F A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main palmetto shanties to elegant cottages.it a new decorticating and degum- 'ii'and when that time comes it will pay

Street Tckonville.Fla. is a splendid,rich hammock region, ming process for,ramie, from one of to grow it in Florida only on soils

and already a narrow guage railroad is which we made a liberal extract last which do not require much /ertilizer.

required to convey the vegetables to week. It described a visit to the factory It[ will be a staple and not an articleof j

TBBM8 OT SUBSCRIPTION the Palmetto docks. Two large farms : of the Ramie Syndicate at Wrays- luxury, which must always be

JOT' ODe Teu................................fl3.00 employ forty to fifty men each. bury, a few miles drive out from Lon- Florida's. strong hold.

for Biz Months....................... ..... x.oo Mt-4 don, on the Thames river. We hope 1S4

'la Foreign Countries ....................... 3002J"8ubecriptions Sell at Home. that all our readers who are interested Literary and Artistic.

in all cases cash in I The following from an essay by the perused this article, or will turn back The characteristic menu of up-to-date
advance. No discount allowed on one's editor of the California Fruit-Grower, and do so now. articles on interesting subjects, first-class

own ( t in a club),but to are eminently words of wisdom : This has heretofore stead stories and copious and handsome illustrations -
liberal journal is furnished in the February
all agents a commission will 11 ,
As a rule the plan of selling at
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby lastly resisted all attempts of selfishly number of Demorest's Magazine. Collectors *
them. Write for terms. home for cash is not only the most desirable interested parties to work up a ficiti-- and admirers of Indian curios

V but the most profitable from a tious "ramie boom," for we have not will find a great treat in the leading arti-
.i' To every new subscriber we will send, grower's standpoint. It is not wise try' cle, The Lost Art of Indian Basketry: ,"
postpaid, a of, Whitner's "Garden- believed that the time was ripe for it.
copy which much information
curious
to make all there is in the fruit gives
big -in Florida. For two new subscribers ng There seemed to be such insuperable about the beautiful baskets, now so rare,
at $2.00 each, we will send, business yourself, but encourage buy difficulties in the way of preparing and made by the American Indians, and the
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange ers, shippers and car line companiesby manufacturing this fibre, (though a illustrations show specimens far exceeding -
Culture selling to them at home for cash, product which is truly wonderful for in beauty the collection in the Na
at reasonable prices, and allow themto tional Museum at Washington. Other
*Rates of advertising on application. its strength and beauty) that we did
handsomely illustrated articles are "Pope
take the shipping risks and make
not believe there was any encouragement Leo XIII and the Vatican and
check "Niagara
Remittances should be made by ; -
the
of the Show
some profits. me for Florda farmers to enter in- in Winter "The
postal note money order or registered ; a paper on great
letter to order of grower-shipper who has made money to the cultivation of ramie. American Evangelists," embellished with
one year with another, shipping his portraits of Moody and Sankey, and a
JTJ.BMEB AND FRUIT GROWER Now however under the
; fruit to distant markets, and I will implied paper by Mr. Moody, "How to Reach
.. Jacksonville. Fla. show a hundred that have made endorsement of such journals as the Churchgoers," give pleasant vari-
you London Times and Whitehall Re- ety; while stories by Mrs.W. K. Clifford,
in of while
heavy losses place profits
"i- ; view-in the full particulars which Grace MacGowan Cooke and Will N.
'(" CONTENTS. the grower who has adhered closely to of Harben and poems by Madeline S.
publish an apparently success-
they
the f. o. b, selling plan and receivedhis Bridges, Edgar Fawcett, Joel Benton and
ful method of feel that
treatment-we
; Harriet'Francene Crocker addi-
-. cash has made and accumulated impart
; Soil Fertility-Old Hens and Pullets...... 66 money.
; 1 < very different complexion. The only The numerous departments for which
"" GKOVX AND Oxcsain-Hardy Palms in Flor-. Intelligent Culture of Sea Island problem now is, it seems to us, as to this magazine is noted are replete with
ida, No. l-Iettutrom Major Campbell. 67 good things and the fashions
are, as
The Satsuma Orange Tree............... 68 Cotton. I whether the soils and climate of Florida usual modish and practical best of
ands
,
Better from the Sub-Peninsula ........... 69 It is a circumstance to be regrettedthat i are sufficiently adapted to this tex- all, patterns of them can be obtained at a
PINERY-Letter from Polk County-Pineap- the cultivation of this valuable tile to warrant farmers in engaging in nominal price.

pies in California-Budding the Mango 69 staple has since the growing its culture with the hope ot profit.In Every one who will cut out,this notice
orange
f"
TOBA.CCO-Is a Revolution Impending in Ci- and forward it with ten cents to the ad- .
gar'Leaf Tobacco: Culture................ 69 "boom" set in twenty years ago or the soils of :Middle Florida thereis dress below will receive a sample copy
FARMER AID TRUCKER-Pedigree Strawberry such a matter, been allowed to fall no doubt that it can be grown to of Demorest's Magazine, containing a

'" Plants-Farmers' Clubs ............... 70 largely into the hands of negro ten- advantage. In a late letter: to us. Pattern Order which entitles the holder.
;: POULTRY-Food and Warmth-Hatching Too ants. In an elaborate monograph on Hon. L. B. Womb well, State Commissioner to'any patterns illustrated in any num-
.:, Early-Leaves tor Scratching-Good Sense of ber of the Magazine published duringthe
.,r. '-The Poultry Business.................. 71 the cotton plant by Prof Chas. W. Agriculture, says: last twelve months, at the uniform
OCR RURAL* HOME-Use for Old Bits of Silk Dabney, U. S. Assistant Secretary of "Ramie has been grown in Leon price of four cents each. Over thirty
*.... -Five'Favorite Receipts-Floor and Furniture Agriculture, it is shown that this pro- county for upwards of fifteen years; patterns are frequently illustrated in one

..,........... ... ..................... 72 cess of deterioration had begun in not that it has been put to useful pur number, thus affording an almost unlimited -
State News ....... ......................... 72 variety" to select; from. Demorest's
South Carolina at a still earlier pose, but in the confident expectationthat : !
Secretary of Agriculture-Pete and Jake is published for $2 tear by the Demorest -
.. -Thft Parable of the Trucker........... 73 period. a cheap and efficient method Publishing Company 110 Fifth
.. It had seemed for that would be devised and invented for ,
:' EDITORIAL-Sell at Home-Intelligent Culture many years avenue, New York.
of Sea Island Cotton-Ramie-Literary the islands on the South Carolina coast decorticating it, and preparing it for 4....
and Artistic-R ......... .
Markets-Potash in Agriculture. 75 Royal Palm Nurseries.The
of the finest Bradford both of this
At and Col.
; A Bad Year .... .. .................... 76 production staple. John ,
s that time the culture was conducted county have it as above stated.It annual catalogue of this flourish-
W. Massey on Peach Culture.... ...... 88 grown
j l" Can be Made to Pay ......._............ 80 under the superintendence of men of matures two full crops each season, ing establishment for 189718 upon our ta-
ble. It is an institution of which the
: 4... high intelligence, and the selection of and its yield per acre is very large- State may well be proud. While its rangeof
V
11: Weather in Jacksonville. the seed and the cultivation and I near twenty tons. It grows very vegetation, as depicted in the frontis
preparation of the crop for market I thick, and will attain the height of piece and throughout its sixty densely

.... Week Ending Jan 25, 1897 was attended to with great skill and' four to eight feet, depending upon the filled pages, is the most tropical and gorgeous

... the most scrupulous care. At presentit quality of soil. It is claimed also, that can be seen in Florida-fairly
u' .. rivaling the splendors of opulent India-
a a bI a a s:::,:
is in the hands of small farm- that the leaves contain
DAT&. a a p m III Uco "22-2'" chiefly a large percentage the business management seems to be con
III co :g ::!1 c4 ::!1 ers of the colored race, whose intelli- of potash, and that in that ducted with thorough energy and pm--

; Jan-. 19--..-..-.... -39 -55 -63 -38 -25 -50 -.00 gence, skill, and care are wholly way it will hold if not increase the dence. It is a happy union of AngloSaxon -
Dec. 20.... .... 63 69 73 53 20 63 T. occupied in securing a bare subsis- fertility of the soil producing it, by thrift and oriental landscape grandeur.
Dec. ....... 61 66
s1. S8 to read this handsome
53 49 17 .30 Merely publication
Jan 22. ....... 38 54 60 38 22 49 00 tence for themselves. It is doubtful permitting the leaves to fall to the almost like of Arabian
is a perusal Nights
an. 23 ........ 46 50 6145 16 53 ,00 if there is local of the 'and humus."
;. ; .. any monopoly ground, decay-making
an. 24 ,........ 4J! 54 59 46 n S': .02 Entertainmentsjeverydeparlment; headingis
]&n.2S........ 46 54 64 46 18 55 .00 production of long-staple cotton. It Doubtless ramie would grow to ad- prefaced with a choice except from such
- has been in the in the rich hammocks of the classical writers 'as Charles Kingley
Mean ......... 49 56 64 45 19 54 .32 grown successfully vantage ,
up-country, more than one hundred, peninsula, but we doubt whether it Mayne Reid etc. And as a guaranteeof
Total rainfall. T.Trace.A. scientific of the
miles from the coast, and all of the will ever pay to attempt it on pine the accuracy descriptions
quotations are given from the
J. MITCHELL Observer. seed from which the finest Sea Island lands. A recent official report from best botanical many authorities and from Flor-

cotton have been derived came from :Mexico states that the Minister of( ida horticulturists of note.

A Jacksonville fertilizer merchant, seed planted in the interior of South Public Works, after enquiring into the This is publication which the reader

who has just returned from Sanibel Is- Carolina, for several: years, during the matter, came to the conclusion that should by no means throw aside after a

land, on the west coast, says that one late war. the planter, after extracting the fibre hasty glance. It is 'a condensed tropical

year ago the island had a population When in Florida the culture of this and stripping the stems by hand labor, Bros.herbarium., Oneco,Send Fla. for a copy to Reasoner

of only thirty or forty, while now it has fine staple is restored to the intelligentclass is, even now, able to realize 145 percent I 1

:; about six hundred,and the area in veg- who originally practiced it, thatis on his working capital. In Do you raise email fruits? No? Don't

,; etables has increased in proportion. A the present orange-growers, thereis Borneo, presumably because of the know just how to get at it? The Rural

-, !.. writer in the Tampa Tribune drove out good reason for believing that not cheapness of labor, the profit, in similar New Yorker will give you informationabout
one day in the region round about Pal. only may the texture and quality of! circumstances, amounts to 250 per it every week in the year for'only

: metto, on the Manatee rtver, and esti- the fiber may be much improved, but cent. The soils of Mexico and Bor- $1, and your money back in three
months, if not satisfied.
mates,that he passed within sight of that the business of growing it may be neo are very rich and their labor is can send it and you THE are FARMER AND FRUIT We

.. over two thousand people, mostly en- made much more profitable. very cheap. If ramie can be success- GROWER both one year for f2.50..

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: 1896., THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER 75.


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: ::1 f rk tS.-- Buffalo Market. ''TT--TF -


R .' ORAITOES. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA;

In good supply, most all kinds; Val-
encias quite plenty. Jamaicas per box ,
JACKSONVILLE!:, FLA., January 29.
3 to 3.25 Jamaicas barrel
; repacked per JAC SONVILLE. .
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. 5 to 5.25; original packages sound,3.50 to

Corrected by Marx Bros. 4.00; Florida Brigbts,3.50 to 3.75; Rus- The Oldest National Bank in the State. .
sets 3.15 to 3.50 California Navel 3 to
These ; ,
are.average quotations., Extra choicer
lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor 3.50; Oranges Mexican, 2.75 to 3.25; Val- CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED,. 1894..

lots sell lower. encias 714 cases, 3.50 to 3.75; Valencias By conservative yet liberal methods,this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity

Florida Oranges' ....wanted....... 3.00103.50 420 case, 3.25 to 3.50; Grape fruit per strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.
Apples. ...........................bbl 2.00 to 2.50 box, 6.00 to 7.00. Cabbage per 100 as to We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing our own
Wnes, crate 4.00 size 2 to 3.00 hot house lettuce drafts on all parts of the world. .
; ,
Lemons, Messina............... box 3.25 basket 12 to 15.00; Southern per We invite a visit or correspondence looking toward business relations, assuring you that you
; hamper,1.10to favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention .
English Peasdried,.......-,......bu 1.50
Peanuts best brand..... ........ 04 to. .05 1.25; large barrel, 4 to 6.00; tomatoes JAMES M. SCHUMACHER ,R. C. COOLEY .r
Cabbage.Florida"..............each .07}! Southern 6 bas carrier, 2 to 3.50. ,
r Potatoes,Burbanf........ ........bbl 1.75 BArrEi & Co. President. ,. Cashier.
.............5 barrel lots 1.65 soN
.................... sack 1.45"I' Safe. Deposit Boxes For Rent.
'' ...............5 sacklots 1.40
'a N.Y Early Rose,seed. 1.85 St. Louis Market.
Iw : Maine early rose .. 2.00
11 Maine hebron .0 2.25 I Oranges-Mexican at 2.50 to 3.00; Cal-
II". Maine peerless .", .. 2.00 ifornia, navels 3.25 to 3.50, seedlings 2.25 GARDEN & FIELD. SEED
Dakota reds 2.00 to 2.75 Florida russet 2.50 > .
Onions N.Y............... ...0',.bbl 3.75 ; golden to 3.00;
Peas,black eye. ...-... .......bushel 1.50 Pineapples-Florida half crates at 2.50 to At Prices to Suit the Times. '
brown-eye,..................bu 1.25 2.75. Tomatoes-Florida 2.00 to 2.75, per
41 day .............. ......bu 1.25
j. Whippoorwill.f .............bn J.so 6-basket crate (select on orders higher); I Tomato, all varieties. per lb. 51.50 Peas, early varieties. per bu. $3.00
> Turnips,N.Y....!...............bbl 150 California 2.00 per 4-basket crate. Let- 11 Dwarf Champion per lb. 1.75 American Wonder .. per.bu. 4.QO
Beets.............................bbl 2.00 tuce-Scarce and higher; Choice Louisiana Squash . . per lb. 40 Turnip Seed. . .' per lb. .'30
Parsnips..................._.....bbl 2.50
4.00
to 4.25 barrel Florida
Carrots ..........................bbl 2.50 per ; 1.50 Cucumber . per lb. 40 Corn, field varieties . per bu. 1.60
a s.- ............._doz .15 to 1.75 half-brl hamper. Egg Plant- Beans,Valentine& Refugee per bu. 2.90 Sugar, varieties. per bu. 2.25

Ott Scarce and firm. Florida 1.75 to 2.00 per u Wax . a per bu. 3.25 tgjh Send for price-list. ,
orange box, 5.00 to 6.00 per sugar brl.
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. Cucumbers-Scarce; Florida 6-basket All Seeds from best growers in United States and Europe. '.

y Corrected by Davis & Robinson. crates and bu bxs 3.00; Fancy hot-house L. CAMERON DSMAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

l Yellow Yams. ..........MMM..bush .3010 35 2.50 per dozen. .
Sweet Potatoes. .. .. ...... ... .25 to .30 The early Southern shipmentsthe .
................bbl '
t Hubbard squash 1.50 great variety of early products which .
4 Lettuce .......... .?.,......._.doz demand. Acknowledged superior to all othermateria1a used '
t. Celery ..........:...... ......-... .3oto35 sold so well in former years and so eagerly RAFFIA for similar purposes. Sold by the pound., If you 0 ,
:'t s >EggPlants.......................bbl 1.50 sought by receivers in every Northern never saw It, get a sample and quotations..
Tomatoes ...-...............crates 1.5010 2.00 market-no longer interests the trade as FOR TYING BUDS AND GRAFTS THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS,Germantown.Pa
a '.: .SweetPepper,.. ............... bu 1.50 have tl -- ,
? + glen Beans......, .......... crate 1.25 they formerly did. so steadily e -- -
Pumpkins, ................... each .05 to '..10Kersha. receipts of all this early stuff increased,
..., .... ..... ..........each .03 to .10 coming, as they do now, from such a
Parsley, ...........perdoz.bunches .20 broader area, that the freight charges We receive hysterical appeals from the Bradley Rtdjldd. Eugene. .Re4ftad.
... Green onions,.....per do*. bunches .15
f i Pepper,hot..................bushel -75 cannot always be had. Such crops have publishers of cheap periodical "litera- ESTABLISHED 1871. .
Sage well cured,....................Ib .25 more than doubled in volume in Florida ture" of the dime novel order to throw
... .. ..... .... 30 REDFIELD & SON,
Hens.
-- alone the few Louisiana too the influence of this against the
r 1. Roosters..._....-......?_....... .25 past years. journal
4 half grown................ ....... .I5 to -20 has largely increased her acreage, also Loud bill which has passed the House, Commission Merchants
Turkeys ....._ per pound,gross .10 Texas, especially at many points along depriving that class of publications of the .
Ducks........._.......__....... 25 to .30 the Gulf coast. Fine prices at sea- of the cent-a-pound postage -AND'-
>d Geese ......__.................... .35 to .40 any privileges
Leeks ............per doz bunches. .25 son of the year for any of these very rates. There is one paragraph in the bill
;, Rkdishes .....:.............perdoz no demand. early shipments seems to be gone for which is objectionable, and ought to be Fruit Auctioneers ,
i Cucumbers,...... .............crate 2.00102.50 ever for they now come through the stricken out in the Senate but all the -
Spinach, ................per bushel .75 141 Dock Street, Phlladtlp7iaPd., Pd. .
,a j Cabbage, Florida. .......... ....... . Salsify ......'...per dozen bunches none. domain. -1. We handle all kinds of Fruit*. and Vegetables s,. .
Cauliflower............-........per bbl 300 The Florida cabbage crop has begun to Give the hogs full range of the farm, either at private sale(which has heretofore been .
Green ..... ............ crate 2.00
peas
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Turnips................ bunch no demand move surprisingly early. A number of and a chance occasionally to slip around our custom) or by the auction system (recently'added "
Florida Honey,.... ..pound section .10 cars are now en route to the big marketsof and upset a soap barrel or slop pail and. to our business)as you may desire. ": '
Pecans,Florida........ .!....pound .08 to .09 the country-St Louis among them. crack the fruit pits, craunch the soup : ,. ...' .c.j .
New Potatoes .............;..bushel i.oo to 1.25 I
Water-Cress.... ...1.doz.bunches >.25 The freight charges from Florida are regarded bones, root up the garden, rob the J''.
a. {H generally as unreasonably high. chicken coop, and forage on your neigh- .

Such figures as 75 cents to $1 per crate, bors' crops. It is conducive to peace of

+ GAME. or an average of about 88 cents per 100 mind perhaps,and to good fellowship be- QUICK WORK

j ...........................each .10 pounds, might be over looked in flush But the Ruralist .
. .eh doves ..................... .... each .05 tween neighbors. sug- ,
" r Squirrels....................... each .06 to .08 times, but when many products of the gests a better way. In selling and paying for Fruits and.:Vegetables '
Wild Ducks ................... each .15 to .25 farm have to be disposed of at a little The best mutton lambs are a cross be- shipped to us is our motto. WE
.......... .. each to GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Wild Turkeys..... .75 i.oo more than the freight charges the situa-
't Rabbits.........................each .10 However the tween the Southdown and the Merino. FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE: NEVER,
tion is different. ruling BUY OURSELVES. They'are protected
; The South should furnish the Northern '
.......
without defaulting
prices here now afford the Florida people iambi to two by our 40 years experience
markets with spring one
dollar. as to our standing
a Enquire
New York Market. a fair margin. Florida is now credi- months in advance of the Northern and financial stability which any bank: or:*
ted with the best cabbage grown in the farmer. merchants having mercantile reports 'can.
ORANGES. United States. verify-then: try: us-WE BELIEVE OUR,< .
? r; "The sheep has a golden hoof. Whereit SATISFY YGU. Send '
METHOD WILL
a, T Florida, fancy, 4.50 to 5.00; Usual lots P. M. KIELY. forages, fertility is restored to the your name for our quotations. Stencil and

: 4, 3.50( to 4.00; Russet, prime 3.50 to 4.00 lands. Sheep raising is worthy of more cards free. Letters promptly answered., .
Tangerines, Florida 8.00 to 10.00; Mandarins "Potash in Agriculture." attention on the Southern farm. "I'
Florida 4.00 to 7.00 Grape fruit FRENCH & COM- ;0
; ,
is the title of a pamphlet, published by ''

j Florida Florida,, refrigerator 4.00 to ,9.00.choice Strawberries, per qt 40 to, the German Kali Works, No. 93 Nassau A Connecticut friend sends the follow- 116 Warren St., New. ;York,. ,'h.,;:
Street New York N. Y. This book is
; the best to >
crates 25 to 40. ing advice as to way prevent
x 50; Express open known to many of our readers from its hard times to the Rural New Yorker: ESTABLISHED. 1855. .. r t

VEGETABLES. Best edition, published a few years ago. Always pay spot cash, ............................... ..... V'VA..A'. ..................4....""
;;* Beets. Florida, new, per bush crate, 40 to The second edition contains many valu- And never get trusted, 0; ,

50; per 100 bunches,2.00 to 4.00; Charles- able improvements.The It prevents any crash, J"
tQn, 3.00 to 4.00; Bermuda, per crate, 60 contents embody a collection of And you can't be busted.

to 75. Cabbages, per 100, 3.00 to 4.00. results obtained with fertilizers at our Our readers will now want to know howto The Rawls-Wiliiams Company,
plants Florida J bbl. box, 1.25 Experiment Stations. It would appear .
Egg per get "spot cash" without any spotson '\.VHOr.ES I
to 2J5; per bbl, 2.50 to 4.50. Lettuce, from these conclusions that many brandsof it.

I- Florida,_per, } bbl basket, 50 to 1.25; fertilizers now on the market do not .
t. Onions, Havana, per box, 2.50 to 3.00; contain as much potash as they should It is a very economical practice to have Prothice and Commission.

Bermuda, 2.00 to 2.50. Peas,Floridapercrate for the production of the best results. It firewood always dry, even when it costs

1.50 to 4.00.. Peppers, Florida, per would certainly pay every farmer to nothing excepts the cutting. The loss of

: crate or carrier, 1.00 to 2.00. Squash, write for a copy of this book, which we tim and temper in trJ ing to start fires PRODUCE A. POULTRY

/ Florida, white per crate, 2.00 to 3.00. understand is sent free. with wet, soggy wood will amount to con- I COUNTRY a specialty.A : ,

String beans, Florida, wax, per crate 2.00 derable in the course of a winter.A -Domestic and Poreign Fruits in season. 'f-0.
'' In personal letter a correspondent Hay Grain PlOurand Canned Goods.
to 3.50; express, 2.50 to 3.00; green, scrub is a double taxer. You are .
Why does not THE FLORIDA FAR- STATE AGENT EXCELSIOR MALT.
southern :
Tomatoes says
freight 2.50 to 3.00. ,
taxed for keeping her, and she taxes your
2.50. MER AND FRUIT GROWER stir up the orange Honest Returns Guaranteed same *y.of sale.
e Florida carrier 1.00 to
,
per her in food.
and vegetable growers to the im- pocketbook to keep Consignments solicited. Give us a trial c. ;

IRRITATION OF THE THROAT AND portance of the tariff question, which is The surplus rooster gives a scare crow. We will. be pleased to send you our: Quotations, .' '
Hoarseness immediaterelieved by under consideration by the Congressional That is, its crow ought to scare you at the on application.
"Brown's Bronchial are Trot ea" Have Committee? We will get left out in the thought of the useless food going down Offices and-Salesroom, 500 and soi West Bay SI V'
Warehouses F.C.&P.Yards,Jacksonville. FUu...
,them always ready. cold, I fear, unless California saves us. its throat

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76, .., ,' TBB FLORIDA JABltEB AND FBUY'!.GBOWBB. JANUARY 30, .-

I -
.,.".
A Bad Year.

Messrs. Somers,Bro. & Co.,of Pitts-

burg, thus sum up the year 1896: -
This year's transactions in fruits andY

produce, particularly in the last half, South Side
were far from being profitable or satisfactory

t either to shippers or sellers. M
The steady shrinkage in values and in 0

: the volume of trade since July was

: most pronounced in this line, perhaps, FRUIT'CARRIERS

.
; The Standard of Excellence.Send .
ampled degree, and the soil had Shortest Quickest Most Attractive
, ,
responded to the industry of husbandry for Catalogue and Prices from Fi'rstHands..

with the most bounteous crops SOUTH SwrMfc Co. PfTEHSBUHfi :ROU J'E: ._
.
known. Supplies, in consequence, BETWEEN
4 ,were always liberal or excessive, and ,' If.-, -. ,_ .__ -. '_ ,-0.;_,_.z ....,.-._ .Jo. ',- -.A''!f,... FLORIDA POINTS THB AND THE NORTH ***

,the pressure to sell unremitting. On.
the other hand, the expense of grow- Florida Central and. Peninsular

ing,handling,transporting and market NEW THROUGH ROUTES,
ing produce,instead of being lessened,
New York to Jacksonville by
was the same, or greater, than in previous New Florida Pennsylvania E. R. to Washington -
when outlets Talking and Southern Hallway ,,
larger
were
years, 1 .'
Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
and freer and prices better. \ Air Line.J Peninsular to all principal
the and destructive points In Florida.
But most demoralizing -
Bicycles Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati
factor which legitimate trade tion by Queen & Crescent
has encountered here this (and it !Harriman Junction to Ashe-
year
Asheville. & ville and Columbia by South-
has been felt to 'a greater or less extentin ern Railway, and Florida _
i Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Columbia
every important market) was the J to Jacksonville. "

"squatter",or wilVo-th -wisp "commis- __, SEE THAT CURVE. Cincinnati to Jacksonville by **
Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga k
sion merchant who from obscurity -
emerges :,: ', and Southern R'y to Ever-
and quietly disappears therein =; ," : : ""!' -"'\, ,'.< ;-. Florida}ette,Florida Central& Penin-
Limited. sular to all important Florida
after a brief but energetic career of points. '

slaughter ,and theft, or who, having Kansas Kansas City, Fort Scott &
City
plied his vocation of robbery under one Jackso'villeThro and }to Memphis Birmingham R.R.to,Southern Kansas City R'y' .

name or title as "John Smith" or the Line to Everette, Fla. Central k
Peninsular to all Fla. points.
"Universal Produce Co until his
IT'S QUALITY THAT AIDS THEM TO Louis to Jacksonville by
duped shippers become clamorous and j 1Sto Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gsRoute. Central to Holly Bp'gs,
the situation threatening, simply TALK FOR THEMSELVESIT'S City, Memphis & Birmingham -
.changes his, firm title to "WilliamJones" J to Birmingham,Sou. ;,
R'y.to Everette and F. C.&;P,
"Provident CommissionCo.
or the Sioux City&Chicago to Jacksonville
and of THE SCIENCE SHOWN THAT 111. Cent. to Holly
., enters upon a new career ,
)" Holly Sp'gsRoute.. }Sp'gs,"K.,C. M. &B. to Birmingham -
deception, fraud and conquest. There Sou. R'y to Ever ;
are "commission merchants" here who *>t"_ AIDS THE QUALITY.1bsI1eatirigs19lbs.. ette and the F.C. &P.

have operated under all the aliases in .,'' New Orleans Junction.Louis'ffle &Nashllle F. C. & to P.Rive only #

the vocabulary, who have misled and To 1 route with through sleepellJacklo'v1lle ;
between New Orleans and
outraged the same shippers over andover Jacksonville

again, and who are likely to con- The F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
the
Florida running through
tinue along in the same course indefi- Tobacco Region*I''
Stock Farming and Dairy faction t
nitely. 19 ; : : : Peach and Strawberry Land.'x
The great abundance of everything, Orange, Banana and Pineapple ottftfryi, ''C
and the universal find Photphate Sell.
anxiety to out- Hat the Silver Spring and
lets,.caused producers and shippers to Other Fine Scenery,
The threat IIunReaehea "n
Country
relax much of their usual caution, and the noted g Pithing Ground
presented the opportunity which ras- Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety
of soils in the State,and above all
cals were quick to discover and de- .
"aa ahead of them all." Runs over the Central Rldffeland _
:
velop. They germinated in secrecy days Where It Is High and Healthy.
towns fill its route and it offers
and'darkness, and they multiplied so Prosperous
the best freight facilities for any produce to
Art Catalogue i cents in Stamps.
rapidly that soon the city literally the Northern markets.
Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
with Their nefarious
them.
swarmed free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAoDONELLG.P.A.. "
operations had a most blighting effect, ,
KEATING WHEEL CO., HOLYOKE, MASS.We Jacksonville.FU. *
and *
causing gluts, unsettling depress o J *

ing values, and imposing unnecessaryand The Fla. Cent & Peninsular R.R.z_
unnatural
,
hardships on every

shipper to the market.. By fictitious _. Offers to Shippers
quotations and exaggerated advices have spoken of this class of the saw palmetto berries, cleaned them I The Shortest aDd detest Route '

they kept goods coming which were i crooked operators in the past tense, butit of the outer skins, parched whole,then BETWEEN It

not wanted, selling them at any prices is not to be assumed that they area ground and treated the same as for ALL "
AND POINTS IN
FLORIDA -
and in most cases appropriating the past number or an extinct cult. making regular coffee, milk and sugar '

_proceeds, while the shipper got little, Indeed the Mercantile Journal, in a being added. The familiar aroma of With THE Improved EAST Ventilated AND Cart WEST.this company

if anything. Respectable houses, late issue, said there are more "com- coffee decided several to partake, and is better equipped than ever ever tohandle t
the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and
striving to retain their reputation and mission merchants" here now than the substitute was pronounced perfect. insure close connections and prompt despatchto

standing, found themselves hopelessly ever before. They will remain in the Two participants, being old Confederates all Eastern and Western to destination Markets.Through without }

handicapped. They must either enter field, and their shameless practiceswill ,moved forthwith that their thanksbe change oars or delay.. .

into competition with these irrespon- not be abated, until l shippers tendered Mrs. Phares, the discover. Perishable freight followed by wire and

sible adventurers and duplicate their make it an undeviating rule to thor- er,for what might have been used dur- shippers. advised and arrival time at passing destination.various Junction ,

prices, or ,watch their goods go to I oughly investigate, through disinter ing the war.-Orange Bend item in All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -
adjusted .
waste::in either case the'result was the I ested and reliable sources, the ante Eustis Lake Region. that goods are marked ct r
See your
same-censure from the disappointed cedents and methods of so-called The Owl Cigar Company has very via F. C; & P. R. R. ry 9< ri"
shipper who had been accustomed to commission merchants before consigning recently doubled its capacity in the i. For information call on or address the undersigned

more satisfactory treatment at their them goods. Fuller's earth business near Quincy. C. E. TAYLOR: ,Trav.A'ft.Ocala I'lL "'

hands. They were* powerless to checkor Reading about their resemblance in i The same industry will soon be ex- W.. M.B.HOLDEN EROen.A'e't,Tray. A7gt.Orlando Leesbursr Fla.O. FU. ..: ..,y.;. :-
stop the evil, because the prey of flavor of the Yalaha and Rio coffee, tensively engaged in and developedby W.R. FULLER.Trav.AVt Tam pa. FU., ,JIt.

the "squatter" was easy and appar- I was induced, out of curiosity,to giveit a Louisville (Ky.) firm in the west Or N.S. PENNINOTON J Jacksonville.Trainoanater/Pi&. ,,; 'J'fi

ently inexhaustible. a trial. I gathered a sufficiency of ern portion of the county. W ,H. PLEA8ANT8. General :Freight Aft : 5

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: :< ; : T: THE FLORIDA PAKMER ANDTHE FRUlt-G110Wgk. ____. .
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NEW BOOK STORL -;


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i; DACOSTA PRINTING CO. :" ,.::f"
;, '." -,..'...... >: .
,. '" . .
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,
;
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16. Main Street.', 'd.> .\);.':;

JACKSONVI'-'LE, = = =. FLORIDA,

Would Announce '

'
That They Have Made HOLIDAYSEASON.. ; ': '..

Special Preparations :;;

: "..
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For _:
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>.;:', -- THE_...... _, _' ., ', ..'-..,
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THE' LINE THAT WILL BE OFFERED ," 7FCWJfiO .
.
-i ML CONSIST OF THE
i. ': ,
..(ffs.- ,.. ;4,-"-, ......- ;":.,.(. .

,. :,,',"'... '"+ AT.- .. .i0iv VERY .. LO"V.i.. PRICES. .. ..

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'"-!
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IT wmn 11'4PW YOU .e. THEY ARE THE ...:::

.;TO- INSPECT OU 1 hI11E A :. '.. ACKNOWLEDGED HEADQUARTERS ".'_:i.i:'f;

j BEFORE. YoU 'pvRCJ1PISE, 4 for SCHOOL BOOK: ". .
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THEY. are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver in >;"

;.. :tithe Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce-, <. '."i,,,.. :

.;. .ments, write to us for samples and prices. '. : '.. '" -i"f. :'; :
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.:. ', ,. .:"..o Printing and Book Binding a Specialty. .1 '.-,,>. '
it. .-i .I .. t'.?'._:: .._.S- 1i <
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'18. : ,THE FLORIDA FABMER AND FRUIT-GROVEB JANUARY '30, .

.,
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_
' FoR SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres BOWKHR.'S ANIMAL MEAL. To Brake hens
WINTER HAVEN NURSERIES 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and : grow. Our little book the
. t tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville, Egg tells all about U. E. W. AMSDEN .
.* Fla. 8-24-tf 9-i9-tf Ormond,Pia.
Offer, their. Fine Stock of CITRUS' TREES at Reduced Prices.
;-. 'NURSERY TREES-I WILL HAVE 20,000 I"\T7IRE NETTING, best goods for the least
% 3K' i of the most popular varieties I Tf money. Write for latest price list. B.W.
I for delivery this fall and winter. Send in your AMSDEN, Ormond Fla. 9-i9-tf
I J* Parson Brow?; Ruby,Amory, Jaffa Bloods, St. Michael, Jaffa, Wash. Navels, orders now,and be sure to get what you want.
: Tardiff Dancy King.Tangerines Villa Pric-s and particulars on application. W. K.
,. Franca Lemons.
,
Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla LOUISIANA GRASS (PASPALUM PLA-
Triumph, Marsh Seedless, Thornless Silver Cluster Pomelos. r2-:6-tf ) grass for lawns and permanent
pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000, by express; 35

At $25 per 100, f. o. b. ; 10 per cent off on 500 lots. NO EQUALS IN THE STATE. SATSUMAtrees cents Lawtey per, Fla.WANTED hundred. ,postage paid. W.H. POWERS
on sweet stock, Hart's Late. Dancy
$.F- All trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1J inch diameter. Buds Tangerines and Parson Brown, budded low,
4 J to 6 feet high,first class in respect and to trained to sticks. Buds 4 to 7 fret high. Limited A LARGE QUANTITY OF CHI-
every guaranteed true name.
stock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, In- trees on sour stock 3 or 4
Address, RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, Fla. terlachen, Fla. 10-10-15 years old. Also{ some Lemon trees on trifoliata
stock. State price and particulars.
TREES.-CARNEY, PARSON 12-5-8 Box 1294, New Orleans,La.
W. Ft flassey on Peach.Culture.. DENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. NURSERY| Grape Fruit budded low on
sour stock,at very reasonable prices. PHOENIX NUBSEBIES.-A CHOICE SElection -
We find in the Rural New Yorker of a words 'and address, 6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake,Ela. JL of Citrus Trees at bottom prices, No
recent date the following. He:probably RATES.-Twenty name back numbers. Fourteen years in the business.
would not disagree with Mr.; Hale on one week,25 cents; three weeks;50 cents Noth- Send for price list before buying.PH .
SALE OR EXCHANGE.-A Fine Bear
ing taken for less than cents. FOR ENIX NURSERIES,
clean culture, on some soils but in the 25 Orange Grove-a south side lake fronta 1Z-2 -IZ Braidentown,Fla..
sandy soils of the South the ground needsto Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- railroad front, and one mile from town. Also
paid. fine vegetable and strawberry land. Send for
be covered'most of the and is in SALE. TWO THOUSAND THRIFTY
-
year, Send no stamps larger than two cents. circulars. Address Postoffice Box No. !3, FOR
constant need of more manures. 11612 Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla. Seedlings. One hundred Cherry
Initials and
figures count as one word. Laurel *fine evergreen A nearly new too-egg
Clean culture
certainly promotes wood ? I HAVE THEM! All the best kinds. Incubator. A. J. ALDRICH,
growth; but, there comes a time when EGGS FOR HATCHING.-is Eggs $r.oo, or FIGS Cassava Write for prices. 12-26- Orlando, Fla.
\wood growth should allowed to ripen, for$1.50. From choice pure-bred S. C. M. CHESEBRO, Plnmmers, Fla.EGGS .
: and cultivation should cease. I should Brown Leghorn [and Barred Plymouth Rocks. SALE.-SPLENDID FIVE-YEAR OLD
r. Also few fine breeding Cockerels at low pricts. FOR
Fruit Seedlings, also Seedbed Seed-
FOR HATCHING. Black Spanish, In-
cultivate the -
a peach orchard in best E. & W K.PEASLEB.
Games, White and Buff Co- lings that will increase ten-fold in two years with
manner; but shallow, up to the first weekin 133 Fernandina, Fla. chins. $1.00 for 13. J. POWELL.Leghorns Cocoa, Fla, proper care.-Seminole Nursery, -
July. But I should then do better Fort Meade, Fla. 1-2-5 V.B. WEBSTER.

than allow the natural grass to grow, forI LATE AND PARSON BROWN BARRED PLYMOUTH RUCK HATCHING BUDS on Rough Lemon Stocks.
should sow the orchard to cow peas, HART'S and Buds. Write for prices. etc. Fine Stock. One dollar for thirteen. SPLENDID Don't Have to wait a lifetime
aided by a dressing of 300 pounds ofa 126 tf W. H. MANN Mannville, Fla. Feb. 15 will have limited number choice Gerani- to get an income. J. P. DONNELLY.
ums in flower four and five-inch pots Strong
1-2-6 Mt. Florida.
Dora
mixture of 500 pounds of acid phos- ,THOUSAND NURSERY TREES, plants Write for prices to J. A. ICENHOUR,
phate to one hundred of muriate or high THIRTY Seedling Grape Fruit four and 126 3 Upsala, Fla. mHOBOUGH-BBED MAMMOTH LIGHT
grade sulphate of potash This one-half years old. Also Hart's and Valencia JL Brahma Cockerels and Pullets,. 'too to 2 oo.
acre.
per Late, Tangerines, Budded Fruit, First-class Plymouth Rock Pullets, $1.00 each. From prize
will Dancy Grape TO HATCH.- S. C. B. Leg.
give a heavy growth of pea vines. I Pineapple and Eureka Lemon. All buds on EGGS Eges, (Forsyth and Amsden strain) winners. Mas. GOMPERTS.
should let these die upon the land, and grape fruit stock four and one-half years old. delivered f. o b.Jacksonville, atfi.ooper 131; $2 6 mos Lady Lake, Fla.
remain all winter as a soil cover. The Buds grown to stakes. Trees very fine and sure per 50. M. CH$SE8RO.
to please, both as to quality and price. Write us. Plummers, Duval Co., Fla. I.ANCY POULTRY YARD.EstablishedJlSw.Stock : .
soil in the South, should be al-
never BOWYER & STEPHENS, and eggs for sale. State agent for
lowed to lie bare during the'winter, for 1 26 3 Lakeland, Fla.MAMMOTH Lee's Lice Killer. Circulars free. Local: agents
it will waste fertility faster than in YOU USE A FERTILIZER FOR PROFIT. wanted. ALBERT FRIES,
sum-
BRONZE TURKEYS,CORNISH thousands who during the last twenty 116 3 St. Nicholas. Fla.
mer cultivation. We have more rain Black Langshans. Hen years have used THE PAI:>TE FERTILIZER
than_ freezing,.and the soil should have Eggs $1.00 per dozen; Turkey $2.10. COMPANY'S Celebrated High-Grade Special Mix. A BARGAIN.-Villa Franca Lemons Hart's-
some kind of a cover. This the dead 126 5 MRS. W. H. M CNN, Mannville, Fla. tures have proven their value. Prepared espe- Tardiff Orange and Tahiti Limes on Rough
pea cially for Vegetables, Trees and Vines Florida Lemon Stocks. WM. Y. DOUGLAS *
vines will' give, :and at the same time, soils. Write them at Jackson vile. Fla. i '36 i 16 3 Dunedin, Fla. '
will furnish nitogen for a vigorous growth SALE OR EXCHANGE.-A new 200-Egg
I Incubator and Brooder. Address "D,"
the next season., If. have orchardbe
you an I
tf Care of Farmer and Fruit Grower.
content with a good fruit crop and do I -

not attempt, make a, hay crop at the PLANTS.-Nightblooming Queen THE LAKELAND NURSERIES
same time. Grow the trees for peaches, BEAUTIFUL ; California grown Calla Lily
and grow the peas for the benefit of the Bu'bs warranted to bloom this season,aoc plants ,
peach trees. It would damage. the soil, 3OC; Zanzavarina,ISG; Strobilanthus, 15C; Ota-
heite California Violets,
Orange. soc; loc-
and therefore, damage the trees to workit olds, 250; Lady lampbell same price; Lantana 2-year, C. JML. MARSH Proprietor
during the winter. The dead pea vines "Sunnse," 15C; Pink Oleander, isp; Carnations ,
will prevent the washing, and the cultivation loc; Spotted-leaf Begonia 150. Hundreds of oth-
ers. RUMLEY'3 ROSE GARDEN,
would only increase it. You Keuka Lake Fla t
would far better get the nitrogen from t
the pea vines than from artificial fertili LILY BULBS-California grown, Wholesale and Retail Dealer In

zers. You need to fear the lack of potash CALLA large, 20 cents, free by mail. Plantsin
and phosphoric acid more than the excess 8-inch pots,for Easter blooming, 50 cents.
of nitrogen. A rapid growth caused RUMLEY'S ROSE GARDEN, Keuka, Fla.

by the fixation of nitrogen in the absenceof General Nursery Stock.
balanced amount of potash may give f THOSE WHO CONTEMPLATE* _

trouble.'-but if t the.ration be balanced as Planting Melons, either for market or home i
the cattle "men. say the growth will be me! should buy their seed of me. I have all va- '
.
riefes,and to those purchasing of me I furnishfull THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF :
balanced. If you stop cultivation early directions for growing,giving each purchaserthe
in July, the mass of pea vines will be benefit of my fifteen years in Melon Growing. .
sufficient check and will cause the growthto Monticello,FU. W. M. GIRARDEAU.

ripen up well, so that its exuberancewill Oraoje el toon Lime and Grapefnlit a Trees:
do no 'damage. It is the winter CITRUS NURSERY TREES. i

washing, that you nave to deal with, and All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Car- 1
the winter washing'can be best ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet Paper We Make a Specialty of
pre Rind St. Michael,Pierces' Ruby. Jaffa Pineapple
vented by a .dense soil cover, and we Majorca, Cunningham, Homosassa and
know of no other way so effective. If Hart's Late Pernambuco, Improved Triumph, SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless Grape
you find that 'you are getting an excess Fruit, Satsuma, Tangerine and King All fine
of nitrogen by this treatment, you can one year old buds, on four and five year old
then mow the peas and depend upon the Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock, Will SEE: OUR LIST BELOW.

stubble to stop the washing; but I would bud may dormant desire. on Fine contract Kumquat to any Kudwood varieties for parties sale. Our intentions are to close out this Immense stock of Citrus trees, if fine trees and bed-
far rather keep the whole mass on the Correspondence solicited. Address C. W. Fox, rock prices will do it. We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour
soil. Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park Lake Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots,as follows : ,

----e .- Co., Fla. .

The "Sarasota oyster" sign is still ORANGES. LEMONS. I

very frequent in Tampa, but very lit- FRUIT TREES, VINES Daney Tangerine Eureka(seedless) .. '..__
if PLANTS and NUT TREES.For Satsuma (seedless) Belair Premium and Genoa. .,. :
tle into that
any, oysters go King a !rMandarin.
city from Sarasofa. The great Southern Orchards, Gardens POMELO or GRAPEFRUIT. ;_ ..:
quantity and Groves. No agents. King Tangerine. f
of this popular food used in that Write for price list. Kumquats (oblong and round). Marsh Seedless. .,,"';:.-.3'

city comes, up in an open state from JENNINGS NURSERY CO., Ruby Blood. Auranttumlweetrtnd:1 Excelsior. ) /.* -. '
9-26-25 Thomasvllle. Ga. Joppa Late, (Seedless) ; .
Punta' Gorda by.: rail 120_ miles. Inthday Pineapple. ;'. Halls. j| I 'i. .

of: the agitation of the cultivated Pea vine hay is as good for laying hensas Valencia Parson Brown Late. LIMES. i" ;.. ;;". .;.,\.'..

oyster business one man profit. clover, and more digestible. A small St. Michael Blood (paper rind) Tahiti (seedless) ,ii. t 'j ; .. .,.
.
Jafr's) :
ed, and in vicinity of the Little Manatee percentage of cotton seed meal can be Hart' a(Tardiff (Sanford's). MISCELLANEOUS. y'h7s. '. .' f1

river but five miles above used with corn meal in the food of adult Centennial.Boone's Plains, Chestnut and :;... J-.f;
PermmonMediterranean
our '
.
,
Trees.
Early.
fowli to advantage.The 1' ; :.
county line, B. F. Moody tells the Sweets (Sanford's.. Strawberry and Pineapple Plants, etc. :_1- lJ ;
of cattle are advancing with .1t
prices I- /
Tampa Times he has 50,000 barrelsof corn and wheat. For descriptive catalogue and price-list, apply to ,
cultivated and will iif .i-
oysters open a It is a steep climb from a scrub to a C. M. MARSH 9>. : .
wholesale business in Tampa at once. high grade. It takes a pure male to make t ._

-Braidentown Journal. the difference. Lake1&.1:1.CI. XMi' tli' .,


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_. -." .,-- ..- : THE FLORIDA FAEHEH AND FBUIT-GROWEK.+ 79

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OCEAN STEAMSHIP: COMPANY. ..



SAVANNAH LINE

Jir



Tt TtR 4 T

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G.; M. SORREL, Manager. I r ,/ '.11 l

..- The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail. as 1.
follows :- I 0

i NEW YORK TO SAVANNAH.Pier I

34, North Blver-3 P. 3VCity
of Birmingham........... : .... ........... ...... ..I..1.... ...SaturdayJan.2 I! i
;. La Grand .Dachesse....................... ..................MMM..................Tuesday, Jan. 5 i
i City of Augusta........................... ......... ...II.................... ...Thursday, [an. ; ::! # = A .
Kansan City II.............. .... ...;.............. ......... ....................Saturday, Jan. .
City of Birmingham....... ........................ .. ...............1.11. .. Tuesday, Jan. i aLa :
a Grande Duchesse.1.1.11... .....1..11...... 1..111.. ........... ..1.......ThusdaYJan.14 I
City of Augusta....II...... .............,........... ......................Saturday, Jan. 16 : _
Kansas City... ... ...... .. ............ ... ......... ;...... ... 1 ..II..... .... Tuesday,Jan. 19 /
City of Birmingham..... .,. .,...................1.1.......... .,1......... ...Thursday, Ian. :;i
La Grande Dachesse............. .... ................ .. ... ......1.......I... Saturday, Jan. 24 ____ 0 yf
City of Augusta..... ... ...........................,.........................Tuesday,Jan. 26 I } .,.
Kansas City.:................. .........................*.II ... .......... ......Thursday, Jan. 28 ((Y'
City of Birmingham...... ....... ...... ?.......... .... .............. ........Saturday, Jan. 30 :
G. SORRELL., Manager, New Pier No.35, North River.

BOSTON TO SAVANNAH.


; t Nacoochee.I... ..;......... ........Lewis's...........Wharf-3.............P....M.........11.1..1..........Friday, Jan. iChattahoochee SAFETY! COMFORT! QUICK TIME! LOW\ RATES! ;0 .
...... .. ......... ... :. .......................... ..................Monday, Jan. 4 ;
Tallahassee... .........,......... ..,............... ..........II.............. ...Thursday, Jan., 7 i
; Nacoochee ............. .."....... .............1................................Wednesday, Jan. 13Chattahooehee. Finest Cuisine and Service. A'o Transfers Between Jaekionville and New York* -
........ ...........................: .......................... ......Saturday,Jan. 16 i. ",.
Tallahassee .. ........I.,1..II...... ................... ................ .,,..........Tuesday, Jan. 19 The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers: L
Nacoochee..................................... ..,..j...................:.............Monday, Jan. 25
Chattahoochee..... .1............... ... ................ ............ ..........Thursday, Jan. 28 "Comanche" "Cherokee "Stoiiole' "
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis's Wharf. (new), "Algonquin, Iroquois, ,

PHILADELPHIA TO SAVANNAH. (Direct.) .

Pier 39, Delaware Avenue.-3 F. M.STRAMBJU -
NORTH BOUND. -

Gate City..................... ... ,............. ......;......:,"...... -........... Tuesday, Jan.5
City of Macon .. ......................'..... ...*.... ..............................Sunday, Jan. 10 Steamers are appointed to sail according to'the. tide. -
Gate City......... ...................... .... .......... ...............,...... ...Friday, Jan. 15 From JACKSONVillE, FLA., (calling at Charleston),....:..... ........Sundays,Tuesdays and Thursday.
City of Macon........ .....1.//.1.... ................... ........................Wednesday,Jan. 20 $rom CHARLESTON S. C. ..... ............ ..___ ...... ......... and Fridays.
Gate ........................ .............. ....... ..11..1....... ... ....Monday, Jan.25 + Mondays,Wednesdays _
City of bacon........................ ......... .. .. ... ... .... ........Saturday, Jan. 30 For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers -_
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13 South Third Street. :
SOUTH BOUND. i.
SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. ",
Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:
Central ((00 Meridian) Time-as below.

City of Augusta..Saturday, Tan. 2,5 30 p. La Gr'de Duch sse..Tnesday, Jan i9, 5 3' p m. CHARLESTON,'S. C., ............ ...... ........................ .Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays

City Kansas of Birm'gh'm..Ths'day City.. .:... .;Tuesday,,Jan.Jan. 7,930a.5,7.00 p. m.1 I City Kansas of Augusta..Thursday City .........Saturday,, Jan.Jan. 23,700 21,6 oo p.p.m.m. For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) ................Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays

La Gr'de Duchesse..Saturday, Jan. 9. n.ooa. m. City of Birm'gh'm..Tuesday,Jan. 26, I2 oo noon
; City of Augusta ......Tuesday, Jan. 12, 1.00 p. m. BOSTON AND JACKSONVILLE-Direct Line [Freight Only.]
Kansas City........ Thursday, Jan. 14, 3 oo p. m La Gr'de Duchesse..Thursday,Jan.28, 2 30 p. m. ,
City of Blrm'h'm... Saturday, Jan. 16, 4.30 p. m. City of Augusta ....Saturday,Jan. 30, 4 30 p. m. Calling at Charleston, S. C., both ways. "

t SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. STEAMERS "GEO. W. CLYDE" AND "DELAWARE"

Central ((00 Meridian) Time-as below. f fAr appointed to tail as follows: }
Tallahassee...... ......Friday. Jan. 1,430 p. m. Nacoochee...... ....Tuesday, Jan. iq,, E 30 p. m rom foot of Hcgan Street, Jacksonville, From Lewis' Wharf, Boston, 'ft
Nacoochee...,... .... Thursday, Jan. 7, 7.m p. m. Chattahoochee.;...Friday Jan. 22, 7 oo p. m.I I. THURSDAYS. FRIDAYS. -:.
Chattahoochee.........Sunday,Jan JO, 900 a m. Tallahassee. .. ...Monday Jan. 25, 1000 p. m. YClYbE'
w Tallahassee......Wednesday, Jan. 13,200 p. m. Nacoochee..... ...... Sunday, Jan. 31, 5 oo a. m.
4 SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. .. S' ST. JOHflS RIVER lilfiE

w Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. '.",
City of Macon..::.... .Tuesday, Jan. S, 7.m p. Iii Gate City.........Wednesday, Jan. 20, 7.00 p. m. DE BARY LINE. .
Gate City..........,.,.Sunday, Jan. lo, 9 oo a. m. I City of Macon.....Monday, Jan. 25, 11.00 a. m. :
City of Macon ....Friday, Jan. 15, 4.00 p. m. Gate City...... ...Saturday, Jan.30. 4.30, p. m. Jacksonville, :I'alatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
.WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. P. A., W. J. FARRELL, Sol. Agt., Landings on the St. ;Johns River. :
Jacksonville, Florida. -
W. B. ARNOLD.G.'T.P. A., C. G.ANDERSON, AGENT, The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer
+ Savannah, Gar
.
"CITY OI JACKSONVILLE s" .

W.,!. BOUR8. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. HOURS. CAPT. W A. SHAW, J -!

Is appointed to sail as follows: 0 _"

Leave jacksonville ... ............................ Sundays, Tuesdays and Friday at 3.30 p! m. .
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., Returning Leave Sanford 9 co a.m., and Enterprise 9.30 a.m.Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays I,

SOUTHBOUND. NORTHBOUND. '

r Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Leave Read 330 DoWD.p. m I I...... .................. Jacksonville SCHEDULE............. .. .... Arrive Read 2.00a.Up. m..
8.45 pm.! ... ................... .. .. Palatka...... .............. ...... Leave 8.00 p. m.
U 3.00 a. m. ..................... ... .Astor..1..... II 3.00 P. m.'
.. 4030 a rn. N.................. .........51. Francis......................... I.30p.m, '
88 V'S.T.BA.7 fl T., JAOKsoxvzzza FLA. ...111..1.. ..1..11.11..1.1.111.... Beresford u.oonoon
Arrive 8.30a. m. .............. ..... ....Sanford.........._........_ ...... to 9.ooa.m.
.. 9.25 a. m. .................... .... Enterprise................... ...... 9.30&.11I.:
We Handle Only the-Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of ,
.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jaoksonville.
Hay If Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat, Grits, Meal, .

Cotton Seed (Meal Both Bright and Dark. A.J. COLE, Gen.Pasfnger Agent. 5 Bowling Green, New York. _
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager Bow ing Green, New York. it
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. '. .-4.
11'. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, P1a;> ?..
;. STATIC AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville, Fla. T -i'
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville. Fla. ;
.
Yajert-Illen Fertiliier Co. NITRATE SODA, WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, ,.

Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, 18 South. Delaware Avenne Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York. ; I


GUARANTEED> ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH
, i_ SEED POTATOE .-EarUest and

Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, Etc.FERTTTTWa1t. 2nd I most New Queen.productive Thorburn kinds, for Early the Hebron South,;

I I Early Norther, Burpee's Extra Early. e
Prices very low.Free pamphlet. Ca I
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These Fertniieri have no superior In the market and A trial will convince Crop JNO. C. PEnCE & Co.
tend for Catalogue free. I 430 W. Main St. Louisville, Ky.



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r r % ?*S THE FLORIDA FABMER..fOJ AND;,FRUIT-GROWER, .' .'! ;.. JANUARY' 30,
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g: ,FiijI A D.% VEGETABLE: ':"GRO"' RS !&tJP LIES.

*
ESTABLISHED 1875.FERTILIZERS.
.

L L

,.., ''\;. .
d j) :
Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH-
: : ;f GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the -

,.. requirements and mechanical condition, In s
.
{- ; strong, handsome lags which don't rot.
3 1 JB3T"The cheapest brand for the quality in the
4p .c market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricnl- t Y
= tural Chemicals, Sulphur,etc.

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.; } INSECTICIDES.


: i ; "The old reliable EUREKA has n"I""I,' '
a<.< raperceded. It is death to the Rnst Mite, Red Spider,and the I ill w
... ... fungus growth.98THE.

COCCIDICIDE-W( ;
''
4 Animal ti A certain destruction to theA1eyrodescitrlwhite Flyand) other
+
r; $ ,latter' er t11 erS. f pofscaleatallperlodaoftheirdevelopment.( Fatal tothe n;
-t Spider, and other tnaedts afe aIng Pineapples and Vegetables.y I1 i i ,
... G ;;

> SPRAY AND GENERAL PURPOSE PUMPS


; Ruboer2Hoset"Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at ..
Manufacturers' Prices. r I' cci

..a...

::4. ? \ AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. IMPERIAL PLOWS.AND CULTIVATORS,

'a }.- THE BEST nDE'j
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I ;as SPRAYp BUCKET MP f 1;


i A o PIPE txrarsioN .


.

",.: E. BEAN, Jacksonville. Fla.


.
t- .4i .
H'If'i Can be.:Made to Pay.. duce, so that we now practically consumeall from under the crop lien, and the cow of which Pastor M. Hancox is presi
\ "Yes, sir," said the man with a hoe of the products of our 16,000,000 or so and chickens are one part of the way out. dent and R. Jackson is secretary. .1< -
upon his shoulder, going. in the direction cows. The Ruralist will help you and your Preparations for extensive buildings .
f; of the potato ,field; "low] prices are, Can we live at present prices; can the neighbors with monthly prescriptions of forward and
are now going they expect .
l there's more money in dairying than any i dairy be made to pay in some way? We canned thought. .
* other business he can engage In on the believe it can, but it must be done on the 4.n.. to develop the natural advantages ct::;.
Gl.* farm. What he does get is in money,and cow to, the acre plan-better and fewer Cotton seed meal has more than twice '! of the place into the finest camp 'J..
. what former without a dairy is making a cows, better and more feed to'the acre, the amount of fertilizer contained in corn ground of the south, where a similar:
tI living?" Here was a lesson in farm and cows better looked after. There are meal, and does not cost twice as much. work to that in New Jersey will be t
economics, and at home; and one that men making money today from their dai The manure from either is about as valu- centered for non-sectarian
Fy concerns his own busine, and that business ries. How are they doing it? Condensed ble as in the raw state, for plant food. advocating .
l '. was the getting of a living. Looking dairying. As fast as cows are demon t and Scriptural piety.-Ormond itemin
.
I* over the lint of farm products that was, strated not to be making a profit they go A colony -of evangelists has Florida Citizen:
[ pur-
* and is.to be, everything he was raising, the way that all poor things should, and .. .
chased beautiful tract of land at
another man on the other side of the leave their food for the cow that hath a The Agriculturist states that Gen. t
l' > world was engaged in doing the very from two to five talents already. It does i iI Ormond, and will locate their winter W. P. Hazen of the Weather Bureau
same thing and with cheaper labor, and not pay, nor did it ever, to feed a cow headquarters there for evangelicalwork l ,
b 'yet selling it in the very same market with I I $20 worth of food to get $15 worth of throughout the State. The tractis has sold 2,000 boxes of oranges from 1
him. Once he had the dairy .markets of i milk, let alone her drying off soon after the finest body of land in that sec his Hillsboro county grove, at from .1
l the world at his dictation. Now a half the county fair, let the time of year be $2.25 to $2.75 each In the grove, and
tion. It is located betweenthe
pleasantly I
dozen other nations are .dairying\ asextensivelys what it may. Think this matter over. each '
grapefruit at ic cents on tree, _
river and the Atlantic
he, and even the Australian, Halifax '
These thoughts, from The Practical Far having 566 grapefruit on one tree.
tired of has into both. is
raising kangaroos, gone ocean, and fronts on It covered
mer, are certainly worth thinking over. .
the dairy produce of business and, and was making The COw to the acre" plan'is worthy of with a heavy growth of palms Mr. S. A. Edwards tells us-that to
4 shiploads produce was selling and live oaks and has borne the his he vouch for )
Liverpool, ana at any price. Luckily, the consideration of the'southern farmer.It long own knowledge can
cHeesa: and butter eating are habits that cannot be done with the scrub cow in a name of "Hunters' Camp," from its the sale of 186 boxes of grapefruit by
are 'rapidly increasing, and so make a forty-acre range. But with corn, millet, inviting and favorable situation and Mr. Morgan near Punta Gorda for
r market at-some price. No one eats more root crops, cow peas and beggar-weed I: convenience for such parties. The $1,800.00 cash, and of a less number l
wheat beef and the like than silo for winter and soiling in summer,. it .
:
per capita
a, forty: & but are can be done. evangelists are an incorporated society, of boxes for .$I,300.oo.--Bartow
we
t
r a vastly years increased amounts of now dairy eating prof& The southern farmer needs to; get out holding large property in Jersey City, Courier Informant."k ';.. -

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