Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00110
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 9, 1897
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00110
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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8. Powers;Editor* JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA: JANUARY 9, 1897. Whole No. 1457 Vol.IX NJSW' ,8EBIR3 No.2
...' .. '. ".. ,__ .-.'.. :, .'.--::-. -I -
The' jLargest Fruit Growers

S <''K owthe..Bet.V eties. dhe
FL mdi& (over 80 varieties, Wickson Red June, Hale, ,White Kelaey,18 neW:
gcr4rm kinds). Peaches,(Sneed.,Triumph,Suber,over'varieties). Pears Kaki Nuts,
t .x _iJF:3JR! JFj!),]!!W1F.\ Grapes,.Oranges, Lemons, Pomelos, Kumquats Roses,etc. ::

NESTICES .We shipped more peaches from our own orchards this Over 300 Varieties of Fruits i and Ornamentals J
season than all other growers in this section combinedand
made big MONEY at it.

Big Trees Pram_nUR8RRMKN ,Satsuma,on Trifoliata -Hardy Orange Hardy.Stock..t ?. '

A handsome, ,65-page Catalogue for 1896-97,with'over engravings.. Gives-- ,
dp 'IP FUIT -,GROWERS adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions recent ezper. =i
fence In orchard and market with
,? varieties new and old.with full cultural-.
-M J. .,. formation. This '
for the South.Peach _, :1
.- TSverythitig! .
', ;Plum, Pear_ ,,,Persimmon, ,--Citrus: Fruits,,IG apes, 1.In ..

,tNuts, \Ornamentals, Roses, 'Etc.,.,Etc.,:Etc. VOQPP I Inv tlgatlonlinto; the Requirements of Florida Orchards. ,
3 .Varieties.. .- A (MILLION and a half:t>,'ees..tOver 300 acres lu .ears i 1{ Experience and ExperimentlngJLn Growing Florida Frails.Extenslvejpropagatlon .
No BETTER stock to select from. .$o',LARGE.New : ofTrees for Florida Planting.
Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations. 28 New Photographic'Views, Free on

r ':t ..IPpJication.:'91r; POMONA 'NURSERIES_ ,GLEN ,!ST.. MARY NURSERY. :'CO..

>THE Macclenny. G.L.TABER, President. ;:,..
: & S Successors to "W.::D.,.Griffing. Fla. A. H.MANVILLE, Secretarf. .- S'


'f .' W.. W. HAWKINS & SONS handle no Commission Seed but receive direct from such well-known Seed

S.'S ,II...,:Aro offering a Choice Lot of'the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 1896<197. Growers"as Ely, Landreth, Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc. '.
'All of our Nursery Stock is.six. ,years, old with. one. and two year buds. All Budded low .Pkg. J( lb.', Jb. .
"f and from Bearing trees. Cauliflower-Henderson's Snowball- ...................................25 f2.KZ) 16.00 .3000
t .I Onion-Bermuda Bed.,.....;................................ ....... 5 30 40 t 1.00
'? ... ", j ,* ;VARIETIES. GUARANTEED TRUE_ TO.NAME. '* ,*' Onion-Bermuda White...... .........................'..... .. 5 20 TO ;- I'M()'
< 7 1 arty Selections and Early Planting will prove. the most successful Prices Low. Tomato-Livingstons. Any variety'-... ................. .......... 5 '20. '; :. 1.75
i8-tt y:*fi Send. 1 postal. for,Descriptive catalogue to : Onion.. l3eta,-Red or Yellow...................perbu>.hel.. ... $3 60 ..... .. '-: "ir* *....
r 'J F ww.' ..HA.WKXN8'. & Sorg. White........:.. ..s...... u. .... 4,00 ,..,. ...vJr.,, ) ,- .... .
-1i' .. Georgetown Fla ABOVE) 'FRBE BY MAIL.Write '....* *> .( y'
3 S.1:' for price list. BURTON HARKS,

4 The CQil taakee-Flofida O.i:1ange: Co., '. JacksonjilleFla, "" '., ,,,, \y .

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v&M .Offers to the public this season the finest'Citrus:Nursery Trees,grown in an experience -----.......: J ; '
nrpt thirteen consecutive. .years.. The stock,is.largeand Includes the following: widely TANGERINES 6- III
i> Qitkaowp and thoroughly approved varieties,. viz: Satsuma, ,Mandarin,! Parson Brown, PARSON BROWN, ETC., -ETC,
i i Boo e's Early and Centem 1a1. Jaffa.:Majorca,Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seed .
t: S less Pineapple, Homosassa,and Tangerine. -Tardiff and King;Duncan and Marsh Seedless + + +'+ BUDDING. WOOD, + +.+, STrifoliata ;
: Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon,(matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior t. <
to'th&jound). Budwood at'all'tlmes 'Prices reasonable. 'Prompt attention to cor"irespoudents Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Ilgs.

,; Address all communications and make all remittances payable to! Camellias, Japonicas, Imported:Plants, Fine Budded.'Eoses,Etc. .

Jc '.-Milwaukee. Florida .Qran aCo.., The. Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices, f

M i.Y.r .

\' r't:; .**. GRAFTED. PE.CANS- <. .. ... *' '. -

: From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and t
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs.;Mulberries that bear four months. The

stocks one,.two and three,years old. All stock:.clean! and. healthy: 'Send f(>inter- Fruits and Produce and
w S"..* -*-'ogue... -
\ ,t i ,OLD.JIELIABLE! AEOADIA.5NDS8ERIES, 3eoe1" and idl.In car load lots ndguaaUUea cniiierr KOBtI
: "I!. J.H.} .GIRARDEAU,Plop.'MorttlCQllo, ; F9a.P ] ,Hgnnary,*U Producu mnd arm.of the Orchard.flardenPtlry ; 2

S4. for wr Bttto book,"go&portsspecial&l esttml to BWppen,.JWbt pI delstah.
're ,8t.eDCUl. ,lte.,all .
,-.', W1Nm. l11 f N iND RS) I S .Inquiries and Correspondence Invited. .

: lid!
_Offe"r'their"Pine'Stock' of .CITRUS =i.TREES .at.deduced* "* Prices*
f 'ML
.' .
Send for Annual Descriptive

? ;: Parson' n.R.ubrl Amaiyo.! Jaffe F Bloods'St.t.ilchaeliaffer, Wash.--Natels, ;iv4\ newly issued CATALOGUE and revised.It ., Geo. S. Hacker & Son k
Tartiff;Dauey'King' Tangerines, Villa FrincaLemqns.Triumph | .' > s contains: everything r
needed by the Horticulturist
7' .. i Mawh,Seedless,,Thornless Silver. Jq aterPom! os.F i and plant-lover. Manufacturers of )

L: ': .. At;$25 per 100, f b. c. ; lO a..r nt.g 1fpn SQDJhjts.( or Orchard PLANTS Greenhouse., Window andTRKKS. Largest, Lawn for BUILDING CHARLESTON MATERIAL C, ;

.:':; : '''.,All trees are budded low on rough lemon'stocls about 1J inch diameter. Bqds o vt colle&ion to select f from Purchase our makes which we guarantee
>.,'1...4.i to. "6 feet high. ,,firat class in every respect guaranteed!!..true to; name. ia the South. superior money. any'sold South,and thereby' .save-t{

4 .- CHARD .KLEIMiIi}"" Haven,:Fla:. EEASOIER. BSOTHEBS. ONECO. .,.PiA...* 17WilODW AID UHf BLASS ;IfH. m.-_
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". -,. 18 :" THE FLORIDA PABME& Atfl :P'VITEOW' 1. JANtA&Y ,

.... ..:.... -- -

". .... -
i' When People Catch Cold.
The"cold spots, meaning thereby .
.Direct Factory Wholesale Prices. SO per cent,saved.
the surface areas peculiarly susceptibleto |Guaranteed two ears. Write at once for new beautifully Illustrated 2TO.
.W page Catalogue snowing latest styles In large variety,from a$10 can to\
of the
ivr f' cold, are principally the nape X the moat stylish carriage. Prices In plain gurea. Testimonials from _
''1-enfe.aii' state.' Highest awards at Worlds Fair and Atlanta "A 010
neck and the lower of the back of every Exposition.
part Write today Cmiofi fr... ALUAKCZ CAXBXAQK CO., Ml I Mt Coin SUM*, CiatUutl,OUe.
the head, the front of the abdomen r

and the shins. The acute discomfortand I

Thi Only Coiled Spring Fence the sense of impending disaster,

It has taken ns ten is yean absolutely to convince the in public an which result from the steady play ofa NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING.We f
-elasticity: necessary
.d efficient/ and durable wire fence. It was the Wiled current of cold air upon the neck
SprlDllba'dl4l'-own the original patent on have limited of fine budded trees 1 'old
1> this derlce. "A word to the wise is sufflcic from behind are well known. The supply orange year on sour
.. PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian Mich. necessity of keeping the abdomen and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having ':
been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition; :,
warmly clad is also generally
recog- Following varieties guaranteed true to name: ,:
.. nized, though perhaps not as generally
: .
loridanvestments carried into practice. Curiously enoughfew MED. SWEET, SANFORD MED PARSON BROWN, 1
san ds people are conscious of the danger TANGERINE, HOMOS A8S8A,: SATSUMA.. .

they run by exposing the usually in_ and GRAPE FRUIT. .. V'i'sex f ,

..Oranges adequately protected'shins to currentsof few drtdine trees of the true' Pineapple Orange. Size of bads 3 to 4,feet. PrlceSO' and 75
c each. \ -
cold air. This is the usual 'way in BUDWOOD.Can '
: -
: "
i f-n_. which colds are caught on omnibuses. ; .
orts furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Price trill be reduced
When driving one takes care to cover in October on some varieties. For full particulars,address ::' -

[ the legs with a'rug or waterproof, but HASTINGS & WYLIE, s

on. the more democratic conveyance Interlachen, Fla. '_

Developments rugs are not often available, and the l

reckless passenger by and by awakensto A

[Attractions the fact, that the iron has entered
AddmtG. into his soul-in other words, that 15,000

he has "caught cold" People, who .
D. ACKERLY, such All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon
wear stockings, as Highlanders,
CENtRAL FAf SINCtft AOCNteTHEThOPICALTRUNK golfers and cyclists invariably take the roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.

LINE, precaution of turning the thick woolen Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropical ,
-!,.JU tONVIIIL. FLORIDA. material down over the shins, the bet- and semi-tropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.;

tfi ter to protect them against loss of heat, Catalogue on application. .

though, incidentally, the_artificial embellishment JOHN B.' BEACH Indian River Nurseries

of the calves may not be _.''\.
altogether foreign to the manoeuvre. (Established 1886.) "

This is an instance of how all things WEST PALM BEACH FLA. 4

work together for good. It does not, ,

of course, follow, because certain areas .j....

are peculiarly susceptible to cold, thata
chill may not be conveyed to the president Vice President. .

nervous system from other points. H. T. BAYA, THOS.. W. CONRAD .-i
,Leading dealers Cashier.. Assistant Cashier. ::
Prolonged sitting on a stone, or even CAPITAL $100,000.) -'

everywhere sellFERRY'S on the damp grass, is well known to bea

fertile source!disease,and wet,cold THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK

f SEEDS feet are also, with reason;credited with .

paving the to an early JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA
4)ont riak the loss of time,labor and groundb'planti0gaeedeofunknown way grave.- '.
qnUftr. London Medical Press. Deposits Coileetiona
The mark U full of cheap>>, Respectfully solicits your and General
UlU'eltablueedL FERRY'S SEEDS Business. 1" ,
are tl wait thebget:do not accept Banking ':
.nbrtitute.Seed Annual frti.
D. M. FERRY* CO., 1831.THE] | CULTIVATOR ]1896(

Detroit, MIch. -AND- Depositors offered every facility which, their bal- '"

[7DUHTRY ENTbEMAN. ances, business and responsibility warrant"" .:

uhlur' PER YEAR, UP. ;.
i qThecomingMoneyCrop.. : AGRICULTURAL WEEKLIES, # '

fw, DEVOTED- TO... I III2EC TOI .s :.
Farm Crops and Processes John L. Marvin, Church Anderson, Chas..Marvin, ,,
Horticulture: and Frult-Growlng H. T. Baya, ,W. M. Davidson Judge R. B.Archibald,
Dr. H. Robinson. .
Live-Stock and Dairying (
While it also includes all minor departments of '
Rural interest, such as the Poultry Yard, Entomology :
We have 100,000 very choice Trees of the ) ,Bee-Keeping:. Greenhouse and Grapery, BRASS BAND Fair
Veterinary Replies.Farm Question and Answers, pJ Our Exhibits. .'.
Fireside Reading Domestic and
Economy, a sum meat.forBandsandDrum With ::4
Corps. Low. five car loads of wd|: animals we bare
mary of the News of the Week. Its Market Re- ;, ert prices erer Quoted. Fin Ctttlor,400 alien free shows at the leading State and District
11|The largest, best quality and earliest ports are unusuaUy complete and much attention Illustrations,maftaf/rM:it g\r'Band Fairs. We thus furnish Instruction amull! &eot.
is paid to the Prospects of the Crops, as Music ft Inttrnct'nt for Amateur Bands. and proof t bat the Pave Is the be-t. Several :
bearers known. From five-years-old trees throwing light upon one of the most important LYON A IIEALY, applications! are In for next year's exhlnit' '.p
we gathered nuts averaging 35 to pound. of all questions-When to Buy and When to Sell. ....1....St.u4 WtbMh,",*,t1Iag.ID.: I I.1 PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.. M ri"' *"ch.WOVEILEMLFEKGE .
It is illustrated,and contains reading
liberally more --.1
They require no attention after transplanting,
matter than ever before The subscription .
and can be grown in fields with cultivated crops,
but offer SPECIAL
or in old.worn out lAnds that will soon be worth REDUCTION in year our we a I .......- ... ._. ...
hundreds dollars per acre. :
While othernuiseries charge75certs to$i each CLUB BATES FOB 1896. GREGORY'SHOME :{

we trill send the choicest trees prepaid a* follows Two In remittance .... 4Slje .
Subscriptions, one $
-for $8 = =" u.,... !. .
: 10 $2 oo; 27 acre 40x40 530; 100 ; .* *. best 1.5.atmrrtaa.aclklesua4
and 500 or more at 5 rents each.Order S"b"mltl, .... 10 WiSh .').
now,or send for descriptive circulars telling Ten Subscriptions, ..*. 15WTo SEEDS our Dtrtn AVT'OIATIC XI &Iat I
all bout Pecans. We also have the choicest all NEW subscriber for 1896, paying GROWN ontanmatsan rodi a day for.
__ variety of English Walnut trees at 25 cents each. in advance now,we will send the paper WEEKLYfrom o& .
'1.-- AU who order at once will be given an English our receeipt of the remittance to January i, I are tionally known reliable.the.country'over nave a to reputation be ezcep of I.t !: t
Walnut tree"" lor every dollar's worth of Pecans 1806, without charge. Specimen copies FREE. forty yean back They of them. They are sold KITSELMAH BROS., -.'!'

' ordered.order. We Remit refer to by acv registered firm! here.letter Address or money Address under three warrants. It would. not be ......... ..au...17....Rldgevltle........Ind.... !" ,
without consultIngGregorytVegetableand -
, *. HAUSER & ANDERS, LUTHER TUCKER & SON, Publishers, wise to plant "
Mountain View Nurseries,Winston,N.C. ALBAl\-r t N. 1: Flower Seed catalogue foritdescrlbeawlthengrav. !v.-t 1 .
.. ,' I SfEEKLER SEED CO. biJqitd,
$100 worth for 10c. InpHveralnewvep., r..J

Send 10.....fcr Ufeftnted book ttllinj bow A garden can hardly be too rich, especially tables of great merit 9,1. MARY T. FROTSCHER, President
a ate itart ft rate UiaiaiU TOM locality to be found In no I.y.other. .
if is taken in Succeasora: to;
wtthooteort to tbs members. Get it quick 11 I iCITIZKN8 proper care planning Catalogue I... "y'
I 'LIBRARY A88'N the work so as to keep the ground occu sent free "anyone a, .4b.V: Richard Frotscher's Gravier Street Branch Store t-
*....FIFTH AWM.. Lem I.rk.lL anywhere I .j Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St.,New Orleans, La. "
pied.All J.J. H. GREGORY Importers and dealers In Flower, Field and .
' It is Claimed that with the peach a stone fruits such as the cherry and A SON, Garden Seeds. Grasses/clover, bulbs seed potatoes .
I southern slope will yield earlier, richer plum, should be grafted before the sap ,. and fruit trees In th ir season Conducted >
and better flavored fruit, but there is an leaves otherwise success is more than MARBLCHCAOt MAIS. | bv relative Richard of the late Richard Protscher. Orderthrough t

" -incrtftted risk from late frosts. doubtful end for one free. Frotscher's manual of 1896 Of -;

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" '2 PER $2 PER

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,t :. Pinery. with a push or scuffle hoe, which don't distinguish,and buys merely from II 11''I thorny mazes to pick the fruit and the f s'I '
merely slides along the ground. size and appearance;so that it pays the slips, and dispense the fertilizer, as :-
Transportation has for ten years j grower best to devote himself to grow that had to be done without spilling it ,
Edited by J. B. Beach.West Palm BeachYla been fairly expeditious, and losses i ing the largest apple rather than the upon the plants. The manager saidif
from delay have certainly not most delicious sort. A New York man it depended upon him it would be
Pineapple Culture in Florida.. reached 10 per ,eent. Growers here i might know enough to prefer a little impossible, but the ebony sons of toil
Our pineapple editor, Mr. John B. find they may count on from 75 to !Seckel pear to a huge LeConte but I I he imported from the Bahama''islands
Beach, contributed the following to 100 crates (barrel size) per acre per the holiday number of the New York annum. 'They pack from forty to i these matters enough to pick out a anything.l e than how to grow pines,
Fruitman's Guide: eighty fruits in a crate, which sell to 1 little Ripley pineapple from a pile of I could easily accomplish it all with im-
Pineapple culture in, Florida may net the grower. from three to ten 1 large Porto Ricos. However, of one I 1'I ]punity and with safety to the plants. ,.,
be divided into three sections: (i) cents each (sometimes in the case of i. I thing the former may be certain, that The Keys; ((2)) the, East Coast ; and the very large varieties, which pack i in buying any pineapple grown on the I ((3)) the'covered pineries of'the'' inte twelve to the barrel, netting eighty sandy soil of Florida, and allowed to :strides confidently down the bristling ;t
rior. The first planting in the State centsto, $1 each). On the whole, mature' and carried quickly and carefully I :ranks, gathering off these apples of the .
was done on the rocky keys which lie it is safe to say that as a conservative J by rail to market he is getting a Hesperides and tossing them to a comrade -
about ten miles ofl the southeast estimate we may put about $100 i fruit"as superior to the imported fruitas j'!I: who walks along the path.
shore of. the peninsula. It was, done per acre per annum to take care of the is the Florida orange to the Italian. Doubtless much of the success .in "
by the'wreckers living there, after the field; and an acre in bearing (it takes Shipments of pineapples for 1894, this case is attributable to the employment .
new lighthouses rendered their voca; two years) will cost but about $250, 35,931 crates; for 1895, 4>"7 crates; of the best methods in every-
tion unprofitable. The character of land and all. Then we may look (for and for 1896, 43.012crates: each containing thing. The fresh and inviting appear- :' : _
these lands is so extremely rocky that four or five good crops before it must about 50 pineapples. ,. ance, hence. ready"sale of the fruit in'
there may be' :said 'to' be.no ll,. the .be.dug over and, reset; so that,a net Growing Pineapples on the West the market, is secured by carefully encasing
roots of the plants finding only a little profit for the seven years may be safely Coast. each one in a neat paper bag
leaf "mould down among the crevicesof put at $1.000after paying for the Editor Farmer and Frult-Grower: when it is packed. Properly grown, .
the phosphatfc rocks. The only entire cost of the investment out of It has long been a conceit of the I: properly ripened, properly packed" }
cuJt possible is that of pulling up the first crop, or $142.84 per acre per growers along the Indian river that I pineapples, for many years .at. least
such weeds as may sprout up from'the annum. Add to this that the unprece- out of partiality to their favored sec-. will never want buyers at ,remunera-.
crevices. The people who carryon dented freeze of '95, which has almost tion the gods had so apportioned to: tive prices.
.t this industry here are former nativesof destroyed the orange business.for five them the sunshine and the rain and The fertilizer used was blood 'and
the Bahamas or their descendants, five or, six year.s,''only cost the pineapple the dews of heaven that they, aloneof tankage mixed with,sulphate of potash, .
and are known as'Conchs." In grower 6ne. crop. The plant mortals, could grow that peerlessfruit so as t6 'make a fertilizer twenty per,
spite of, the fact that their only feasible grows so close to he ground that galesdo the pine, in its perfection, and cent bone phosphate, ten'per cent sulphate -' <
mode of transportation prior to not harm it;;{ and being of the nature that all other mortals must take secondor of potash,;and from ten to twelve ..
'96 was,that of boating 100 miles or of an air plant, drouth will hard- third choice. The later develop. per cent ammonia. The quantity used.. '
more to Key West, and there shipping ly be felt by it, and floods cannot meat of the West Coast has served to is one ton per acre, this fall, applied, '
by steamer to New'York, many drown it on these sand ridges. On foster this wild idea. all at once, although Mr. L. prefers to
handsome fortunes have been made the whole there can be' no- hesitation Results reached by the Government put it on in two installments, six ,
by these planters, though they have about the conclusion that this is the I Experiment Station at Fort Myers months apart. Mr. 'L. is so well ';: "
lost 'a 'large percentage of their fruit safest and most remunerative form of made it manifest that pines could be pleased with the results thus far that !
from delays and consequent decay. agriculture at:present in the United profitably grown, but the question of he proposes the'coming season to add'z..
The plant is propagated from 'small States. quality was left still in abeyance, as thirty acres to the twenty five already
shoots which grow' around the; fruit In the interior, where frosts are the products had not yet come into in this fruit. He proposes to do also: '
stem,"beneath the apple, which ,are more usual and severe, the tender competition. About five years ago what he has heretofore neglected-add: ..
called 'slipsand by similar but plant cannot be grown in, the open the Caxambas Canning Company es- ten acres in oranges and other fruits. <
larger; shoots, which come up from field,and here the third section of the tablished itself on the island of Marco 0. F. L'A ioREAux. : ;: ,
the lower leaves of the plant, and industry is l located. Here whole fieldsare four miles south of the town of Marco. Estero, Fla. r..'"
are called "suckers." So rocky is the covered with wooden slats or laths, From its twenty-five acres in pines it . '.a'.})"..1'
surface of these islands that it is often spaced so as to admit some light and has this year sold over 1,400 barrel Pine Culture for Poor Men.: ":,-w'!
necessary'to pile broken rocks about I air, and' supported upon posts set in crates of fruit, about sixty in the crate, Do we know it.all about pineapples; :
the slip to hold it up till it roots, be I the ground, which raise the coveringsix mostly in the Cincinnati, Boston and and if not, how much do 'we' really
cause no crevice' can be found for it. i or'seven' feet above the ground, so New York markets, the first 1,200 know about them? ...
The Conchs plant about 18,000 plantsto I that a person can work beneath them barrels netting Mr. F. 'B. Ludlow the From some of the directions t for ..,'
the acreand from 1ooooto 15,000; without inconvenience. Culture be manager, about 55 cents per dozen, raising them, given in the catalogues ;
apples may be expected from an acre neath these'"sheds"- is practically and later sales 10 cents each. They of nursery firms, and from letters and .
per annum, identical with that in the other sandy were, of course, of the common Red I I articles relative to them from the pens
Within the past twelve 'or fifteen fields on the Indian river, scuffle hoe- Spanish variety. About 70000; slips I of growers, we get many.ideas, some
years immigrants from 'other States, ing and fertilization., But, to make have been sold. In the Cincinnati agreeing and some conflicting; some,
scattering along down the East Coast, up for the extra expense of covering, market, when offered by the side of methods fairly costly and some very
have been planting the sandy lands the main dependence has been upon Indian river pines, they brought from expensive; some advocating one kind
along the Indian River and Lake the growth of new and "improved" 50 cents to $i more per crate, so the I I as the best to raise, and others other
Worth with pineapple plants, obtainedat varieties, which from their scarcity commission man informed :Mr. L. kinds, till from these numerous arti- .
first from these Conchs, so that be command a high price for, their slips Now, as to the means and methodsby it has got to be so that a comparatively
fore the freeze of '96 there were about from planters elsewhere. These same which these results were achieved. poor man is afraid now'to try to raise
1,200 acres in bearing, producing plants can be grown successfully in the The land is high, rolling oak scrub, any, even for his own use. ; -':
quite as large a crop as was being open air where the winter climate will the declivities extending to the waters I I This is not as it should be, for any.: ;-
permit: ,and it is a question ot how long The soil is sand under- of land in this *
shipped from all the key plantations. edge. a grey owner dry vicinity, especially ._.._.
The plantations on the latter "are the prices will hold upon these special laid by a yellow sand. The first on the west side of the lake,
abandoned after four crops, as there sorts to make it profitable to grow them plants were set in plats forty-eight feet can and should raise at least enough ; '. .--
nothing left to sustain them, the thus under cover in competition with .between the paths, which are four feet pineapples for his own use and at '
leaf mould having been exhausted ,or the out of door fields. The sale of slips wide; the later ones eighteen feet between I comparatively little expense. I say. '"
washed away. But on the sandy and suckers from these pineries,at fabulous the paths. They are all set this knowingly, for I have lived here .
lands there is an abundance of soil, prices,has made this business exceedingly eighteen inches apart each way which over ten years and have had pines for
only'it lacks in quality. Here the profitable thus far, but the :Mr. L. thinks the best distance, as it my own use and sometimes some to
plants can be set in carefully meas- advantages these new sorts over the enables the plants to support each sell for the last eight years, barring
ured rows with mathematical accu- standard varieties; is not sufficient to other, and so keep the fruit upright j I the year of the freeze. That it may' '
arcy, and they can be 'cultivated by warrant.them,and they are falling rap and thus secure its uniform ripening J. help some of the poorer land ownersor ,
light hoeing, and fertilized to advan- idly this season. If the consumer on the opposite sides. His plants those wishing buy land to raise ."....
tage. They are usually planted 10-, knew more about the pineapple he grow as tall and rank, and green as I pines on, I will tell a little of my ex- ,
000 to 14,000 to the 'acre, and set would be.willing to, give over double have ever seen them when grown un- perience with this desirable fruit : .- <:
' twenty to twenty two inches apart in the price for some of these fancy apples der sheds. The mystery to: me was I The first pineapples ever planted orr' .. ,1'
the'rowi'each way. Hoeing is done that he would,for others; ,but he how mortal man ever got through the the ridge west of the railroad I set out'e'i'1' It'
'; ;If
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I O.), _- _. ........h. me 'fAa'Abt' B _Art. Tflt.>.' ). .....ofiofffi.i ..._ .. .. ..10 ...,. ._.. .;.%'-'.. :!J! ...t JAI{tf Yf 9h ,
-' '- -- -
t. .' -

.._ .PUSH_. OUR-ORANGE"TR. BS When. Fertilizing for.Fruit, use .
:T by using. .
|f.1 :' '"The Ideal Fertilizer." .J Ideal Fruit jVine'flanure'
; :%; '& Price $27.00.GUARANTEED .
., PRICE'$30.6O PER TON.
Per Cent. "
.: Moisture......................................................... 10 to 13 GUARANTEED'- .
Ammonia.from Cotton Seed Meal,Nitrate of'Soda,Blood ANALYSIS. .
.and.Bone.................. ............ ..........,......... 4X to of Ammonia" \ .......... ..i.- 2to.,,, >'!4<." ttr '
.1. >reent.
Available Fhos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone....... 4tf to &X ....... __. pe ..
Available Phosphoric Acid 6 8"
'r .to
f' .. ...... ..... .........
." .Sulphite'Potash. .. ... ... .;. .11 to 13 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid ... 1 ;to' 3" u
Equivalent to Actual Potash.-. 6 to 8 : Sulphate of Potash .. 20to24' .. M
Magneaium Sulphate,Lime,Calcium Sulphate.Organic Matter .... ., .... *
etc.......... .... ; ........... .... .... 65 to TO Magnesium, Sulphate KaO. ,'Chloride'Calchim.l..f..t'1 Sulphate.10 to'U" '
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda,Cotton Seed Meal, Blood. <0tC...o...,..... f..H..J. .*............... Do vO OU7 :. .'
Bone;Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring matter used). Made exclusively:from,SnIph&te of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda;
:."This: is soluble, quick acting-arid lasting fertilizer. The nitro Blood,''Bone" ,)Dissolved Bone;; and Sulphate of Potash. .

U'i 1 :' %g n.Jomipg1ttoI three:c erentingredients. is especially MahufactuVed by .
',: ? Valuable,. as 'all three.sources are',best ,.adapted"to 'mak- f WILSON .& 'Ji: -OMBR '
.,ingquick growth. The, potash from sulphate of potash
"nul I'etilliei"flbnse'of
) ( Florida,"
vomy. .
Try it 1 alongside,of,themore expensive brands and be convinced. .. JRC S0I 1lILIE'fiLR.since ,: : .

. .alsohavealarge;supply,of the Celebrated H.. J.. Baker, & -Bro,'s Complete.Vegetable-,and;Orange'Tree' .Manures. Also a 9 Complete
,. ,., all'Agricultural'Chemicals' ';Fine Ground Tobacco .Stems,.-C/S.: Meal Blood and Bone,-mal C round 3oneP6tashI"Etc.We ;, : .

Write Us'for-Prices'before Buying.'Insecticide _
SON 'r& trOOJMER, Jacksonville,
; '!'and'Tertilker-Lime, $7.00 per Ton..
. : . ''liHE"P'1.: RI: ; .I > .OZTieJ# ,Ol 8W.ffi,.

Onjiijy" ::5th, ;1886. They were a few I I II Spanish, :and they have' averaged 'the first--year"'was".the'jftar of!the Gro ve '.iiJ 'Oi hd.
down'of 'pines'that had been eatenat about as good size as any I'have seen, freeze, 'when I had:all'tht 'weeds'hoedout '
the-.fourth of July 'picnic at 'V..0.' and :my plants have made as good with grubbing''hoe. '
Spen fs' east side ''place'the l day be- and':healthy a growth as any. This From the above if will be seen thata Notss'!fromS'QPtnYisr' 'P' k.
fore. /At the time I :them has been done sand land with 'but
gathered on poor man can raise.pines'on,Florida ''Editor ter and'Hirt-Grower;
up,some parties said they would notgrow' i little labor, and I have never boughtor sand without fertilizer and with little. '
and used cent's'worth'of commercial \ Thus.far th season. \' we. have. _had.
,, to ,amount to anything, a labor, provided he can; get the land "4 -
others said .'that they might 'possiblybear fertilizer since I have been in the and a few plants to start with. 'very-pleasant winter weather.. These
.. cold
have been, only W9; and
I have also fruited
one ;fruit, but that they would country. a few
Loafs Princess In the last. few'years when pines these wereonly; ,moderately.cold! ,, |thehlercuryfalling
send,out neither suckers nor slips, son Sugar Royals have been and
planted out. so freely-
one would bother to set'them out. Egyptian Queens of average size,'and ; ,to, 42 degrees during
". fertilizing, irrigation: and; shedding resorted the first'one, and to.43 degrees Curing
have .
several other kinds
I took them home and fancy grow-
,. to to help them along,' I have the,second.
setthem, out, without fertilizing, and ing'and looking fairly well. watched the.results, of these experi-- We have had !frequept rains :Curing
hoed around them a ,few times, ,as ,I In:preparing the ground after it'was ments and 'also experimented\ a.little, the,last two: months, a sufficient amount
saw?they ,kept 'growing,.and in twoyears'l grubbed, 'all brush'was'raked ,up ''and with home-made fertilizers, and have, of rain has fallen to keep, the 1. ground

had the pleasure of picking burned and the ashes scattered.. over about come to the conclusion that well.. supplied, with ,moisture.. The
fruit,off.of nearly every one of the the ground; 'then, before planting, the pineapple growing,is yet tin: its infancy local Winter. Park.Weather. Bureau.re-
fe ,plants, and besides that theydid ground'was again grubbed,'which not in this country, .and.we all know com |ports that 2.4 inches- -fell duringNovember -
send -butt: ,suckers and slips, both of only 'got all roots out cleaner, but paratively little as 'yet as to. 'howto,, and 1.85 inches/duringDe-
which I at once planted, ,and also'secured also worked all the ashes and leaves treat them to get the most profit from cember., The.last day of./ the year was
; some more crowns and slips well into the' soil and also loosenedthe the least outlay.. We ,do know they Very .unusual l weather. It,,wasajJay;
from Capt. '.E.:,N. ,Dimick who had a ground up again, which I think is will grow here,.and 'the way for us to of. alternating .sunshine. and 'showers,
very jgood.patch of pines on some of the most'important of all. find out how to grow them for ,profitis reminding one very much of a rainy
his highest, sandiest, east side land. In setting out the plants I set them to do as has been ,done.by.some, season day. .

'These did well, and gave me fruit rather deep using my hand or a and that is to publish our experiences, There are very few] oranges jn this
from .the time they started bearingup trowel in making the hole and press. compare notes and try to profit from section. The largest:yield! ,is that;,of

tot'! le freeze, after which I dug .ing the dirt lightly around the plant- each other's experiments. the{ :Dyerjgroye; : which i will. ,be fromthirty ,
them"up.and reset in another place. :only enough to keep them from blowing I know I raised pines'ind'am' i to forty..boxes. These.are* ,J produced -

The riginal plants gave me fruit up I over. still raising'them of fair size'and'good however, by a few ofthejr.cesof
to :J$93, and one or two of the I In working them I would hoe them flavor in the ,way I Have 'outlined i .the grove. This-grove.was_ shielded
plants'are still;alive. In 1887,'M. E. 'for the first time about ,as soon as they above, and.. I also know I do not : to.,some extent from tHe,severe weather -
Spencer brought a load of slips ,up I show signs of their being rooted and 'know it all". about raising this*fruit. i of: twp h years, ago, it ,I is thought,
from. the', Keys, and gave .me two beginning to growusing grubbing hoe In the meanwhile I haVe, from'experinients by its'' excellent, :lake protection; and
dozen of them. These bore in due ,to hoe them with and sinking it to the and 'observation,'made a few because; "the trees are muclj closer jto-
time and some of them lasted'up to 'eye every time.. This seems to keep deductions 'as to probably the right 'tether than\ orange trees,are,generally
and. ,bore fruit this year. i.the soil loosened up and gives the kind of land, fertilizer and, manner ;of planted. Most of our groves )look well,

These are all-the plants I have'procured roots a chance to strike down into the working pines so-as to'give a poor wan the trees,)having,_kept,, .to. gQQd:con-
from any one outside of my moister ground, thus helping the a chance to raise them ''profitably' for dition under the favorable conditionsof _
own raising, except a few fancy ones plants to stand dry weather better and his own use and to sell, and'will give temperature,and moisture that have!
that I have been able to secure to seems to do the plants as much goodas them at some future 'day.-Tropical prevailed daring,|the last .or ,three!
experiment with. I have' never had a dose of fertilizer. I work the Sun.- months. THe Outlook is good rfor 'a
any very big 'patch at :any time- plants this way two or three times the .- goodcrop,of oranges next/'year' ,
possibly an acre and a quarter to an I first year, or until the leaves get so Messrs.:'.Howard''Booth and Harry The;' best hew thing, that we.ha.ve
acre and a half ,and from that downto ;big they are in the way, .and after that Hall returned last week from 'New this winter.is,the clay road from Winter
i about half an acre, and now I all I do is to pull or hoe any weeds York, where 'they have 'been engagedas Park to Orlando that was. made last
have.but-little if any: 'over the latter !out that may show up, and as sandy expert orange packers f for some time. Summer.\ It is an,,improvement: ;highly -
amount growing on my place. If I i land is not very much addicted to Both of'them are looking1!healthful'and I valuable to our business menjiand;:

had;been able to .have ,gotten more weeds, the pines, get little or no hoe- well,and both are'several;pounds heavier others, who are. obliged tq make frequent
l land cleared and saved all my slips, ing after the first'year. .than: when they left here. They .visits to Orlando, and,, very sat
crowns and suckers, and tended to I have plants growing now from say that the fifm for which i they'were isfactory pleasure: -driyers ancI sbeelthen. l"
my pines properly I should have ten crowns and. slips that were set out in working handled foreign oranges;and It has been J the.tne.ns of bri 'g.
to'fortyiacresiout by this time-that 1889,' and they haw borne ever since labelled'and sold 'them 'as such, but t ing-many'new wheels, and Wheelmen
1 have not' Is not ,the fault of the 1891, except the year of the freeze, that the retail J dealersoften' changed here and, Jo Orlando .aheady, end
I land. and 'the'plants are looking well now, the marks :and:triade' themappear1 as if many .more, are expected '.heor4!!the
;tiThe:pmcjthatl have raised have and some :of them 'are beginning to they ::!Were'( ''Florida' drahges.-KartoV! Season is ote ,The. jbad.ic. Gt about:.
,about all been the common Redo bloom again, and the only hoeing Courier-Informant. $600 per mile, and no better bvcstI -
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mentfor the.benefitof.thepublic was f Notes'-froinjake County. the process of circulation is more volume, the amount of fancy fruit
ever made,in Or nge.County.. Editor FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: easily"carried -on..and tht. blood flows. which might be sent later' to establish :
# The only objection that can be.made There are,large' shipments of truck more easily in the capillarieswhichbecome 'a reputation for California
:, to'.the;.clay,, roadis its, sticky, muddi-: now gofng.forward'from Grand Island, lessened in caliberas age,ad- product in,the markets' of .the East-
ness .wet.weatnet: : This.is due. ,to but from some reason prices are not vances-than it ,would if of.a thicker Experience has shown that the portion -*
the th'emite ial. The.best) road.clay" of is of a man who'shipped" a large,lotof perature of the body and, thus.prevent the market betweenThanksgiving
sho'uldbelargely: : sand, It should beans which'went by'steamer from the. wasting process of oxidation, .or and New Year's sells usually: at, 'satisfactory -;
contain only clay' enough- '.enable Savannah; .and arrived at their destination combustion in the system.-North prices After: the first 'of;
the.material: to.pack well'.and become in so bad a: state; 'that they did not American Review January there is a lull in the demand'or

reasonably-hard.. And. :a valuable pay .freight:,, It is very common to hear 4.... California oranges. until the first-of'
constituent, .of: this.. "clay for.road >fsfmilarcasej5jiand; this.is because the Early California Oranges.A February or later. And -those ship-*
making:.is oxide.;of.,iron,.which acts.asa railroads'charge so: much more for the ments which have reached,the eastern
Redlands letter in
Garden and
cement.: bind the other ingredients aUra: 'route that the shippers are afraidto 'markets just too' late for-the hojiday
Forest The first
together:. Thebest.road: material that says : shipment of trade .
ship thus. If the transportation com- ; have invariably. ;netted, losses.
has;been.used.jn,this section was that F p lies )would so fix their rates that men California oranges this year was sent This shows that.consumers ,buy.:.theseforangesAfor
> to ,Chicago October ipth. They were
which was put on the streets. of Or- were not afraid of r:the extra few cents, holiday decorations;. ndt
described as "Australian
laridora few. ears./ago.. The result oft hen shippers'would ship by the safer, and were in the Cahuenga Seedlings val., not because they consider ,them rfit to,
tlaj an. lysjsmadtinmy.laboratory: and'etter' and take the grown eat and the fact is that- California
+ route; not ; no ,
Los It has .since
ley, near Angeles.
otU1il Q t terialjsas: follows risks of the longer and cheaper routes.But been ascertained that they were Mediterranean oranges are,fit to eat before first.of
Per-cent. ] of course. (?)\the railroads know Sweets and: far February. So long ;as g :growers.cant; ,
Mpijture . . 4. O so as they ( '
: c 1 their, business (farlbetter than anyone command two dollars a box..nel.forr
Silica. :' 69.03. purported to be oranges of the crop of f
r. L. can tell them, and so they help the this early fruit they will. doubUessconv\
Aluminum ei1i ate. 18.21; 1896-7, were a misrepresentation, as
Iron oi! if- ,7.V 8.53Calcium' shippers into'lossby scaring them with they were oranges of last season which tinue[ to sell itregardless: of the ultimate>
carbonate.,., .. Trace 1 the Jaijre rat'esJ 'an l. tempt, them'often had remained on the trees through the effect upon the reputation,of;their'product ;-\
I made several analyses of, the: material 1 to )'their ''own ;destruction by placing summer. The car was consigned andit '; This is a short-sighted ,:policy,
usfcd'(orJhe'road.recentlymade, 1 before theip the cheaper route. is said netted a loss. especially as'' 'the: best of these Navels,
andfouAd.theamounfofsilica.to.vary.: I There are mare oranges on thegroves'thau The first shipment from the Red- netted the growers last year $r.75ia, ,

from.:io, or;12 ,to Mpst fjt;} contained, i ,only/',very small I ; some boys out) shooting .found earliest of this season's crop, consistedof :seems to outsiders,i hardly."uorth-while: ;
percentjof..iron oxide.' The sand ,deg j a-grove' with' quite a small crop, and two car loads forwarded to, New ''to impair,the strength of the!.laterde(
fiqiency can easily. remedied by. one toy.ate' ten, and -he did not say :York City November i7th. The first mand,for a gain.of twenty-five cents a

smpljwpr] $\liDg.some.ordinary xoad.sidetdirthover ., how many the others ate, but he said car load l last year went forward November box,on a few early',car loads.Fijrtherr'
the clay.in a wet4ime.i ., there were "958" on the'ground under 3oth. These oranges were ,more, it is understood! ,in ;California;
the' that the Mexican ,
trees. p.ndiJamaica ,
.u.--; sold $2.75 a box, free on board, and
BQ Q.U1 t l ooioty pf Lae l. 'Thus far not ajoy 'frost except a very thus netted the growers $2.00 a box, a now in the.eastern.markets.are,far su. .
County.A light white qne on the'2d,has touchedus good price, although not highenoughin perior to the unripe, ;California fruit,,

numberof,persons,.metvat.the instance ; and everything looking well;and my opinion, to warrant sending 'and, the latter must be sold; if,at all,; .
I the orange trees in most, places have upon the ,reputation of the Navel orangei -*
of iPrbf. Jiij. Webber, at the- green fruit .to market. Since November -
U.S., : Sub.laboratory, to .take,.steps, not been dormant enough yet: 17th several car loads of Navels which reputation ese. particular ; -,
for.the. formation: theHorticuUural. f 'F.>WJSayage:: 'has exhibited to his have been forwarded, and one firm [ specimens tend _to injure.. They
Lake. friends who' ,visited, his grove a tree newspapers of California are j justified,
Society b County.. alone,is now sending one car load eve
with about seventy-five Ruby oranges in discouraging ,these shipments and, .
There ;
:weretpresentand'taking: part day. The of California is
and i interest.in.the t : society: ,Messsrs. on it; and fifteen ron; one branch j he unanimous ry in condemning press ,these early ;'in giving t the fullest,,possible,publicity*
will:have oranges to ship next season ,to the facts in the case.
Hit. J. Webber, F. G. Rehrer shipments. Oranges which have hungon
Nt IX Norton,. G. H. Norton, if no'ill'fortune again befalls. the trees through the summer are I e .

Dr A.. L., Brown Ed.> .Ross,., j I am going to take a touramong,the not fair representatives of Californiafruit. Florida;;,and:Texas-Pecans,;..

J. .Hazelton.Capt.JCharles.Saunders; I 'groves in a few days, and will report :Much of their juice has evaporated i In a market stall, a few days* ago,*

Bruce S. Weeks, Hi.'V.. 0. ,Margary, progress. through the I skin, and the result Messrs. Davis & Robinson '.ealI& -our
F. .W1: vage, 'Otis.Gates, ,A. Hend- : Eustis, Lake County.. is a flabby, tasteless product. The ear- attention to a small crop .of 'pecans=
rickson, M m Ross, NortonWeb- I l' ly shipments of this season's crop are which were grown in South Jackson'ville
ber, Hendrickson and: Eyer,arid the i The Tampa Times notes the sale of of green fruit, and it is difficult understand ,and which they had on sale.alongwside -
Misses>Hutchinsbn and, Fulmer,and ,the,orange crop from the grove ofGeneralW why anybody should want to of 'Texas or Louisiana pecans.*

many sent word that; business ,kept P. Hazen,, near Lake. eata, green orange, which is no more ,The Florida nuts were rough.and dull
them away; but jhat hoped-to.be }Thonotsoassa' ,. amounting ,to about pleasing in taste than a green apple or colored, while the others hadjeceived*
in attendance later on.. '2,000, "boxes,; worth ,from $2.25 to a half-ripe peach. Certainly those who the high polish which is deen edtnecfessary
Capt. F. G. Rehrer was.made.tern? $2.75 per frox. : The sale_ i included also buy and eat these oranges must forma to make them acceptable'on the
poraryjchairmanjand,>lr}, Otis Gates quantity;,of'graj>efrust at good prices.. poor opinion of California oranges table of ,the Northern epicure But
temporary secretary 'One gra efruittreenynelded! :,,560 fruit, I have been riding among theRed the comparison, which was -outwardlyso \

Pro f esS9r JVebberx .adbe5seda( the 'which are now Detailing,.at ten, cents lands orange groves every day for the disadvantageous to the'Florida:.pecans ->

meeting.QaJhcftbjegtfpr..whjcTjt: was .each., .. past three months. October 19th, was signally their'favor when
called.viz{1 todiscus.s! ,- all matters ofintCrCstan'difctease ) I > when the first shipment went forward, the inside of the nuts was tested.' 'The
: .ftur;..knowledge, I Fruit the Correct" Thing.- an orange, here and there'among ,,the Floridas were:plump,-the meats filling
by.exchange.of views,;and experiments : compared with: the.nourishment trees of these groves was just begin the _shells as full as they could__hold, of
!made jhalYil1JrD, any.way.tend,to the theygiyerfruitsand nuts have the!least; :ning to show tinges of yellow ,in little a,rich yellow color; sweet,oily and delicious
inctease: IPtQur knoWjedgandgain., proportion!, of, 'earthy salt. Animal l. spots about as big as a twenfy-five cent ,while the:meats of the polishedones -

in.the.fiientifiq aSiWellLas.the.practicalwotkpfjgrownguiand; flesh.conies next', ,then,vegetables, and piece. Today, in the locations,where were more or less shrunken;dark
) shipping 4he. fourth in .rank :we. have the,largest ,oranges ripen the earliest, much of er colored and much inferior, in'flavor.4
products of the QlJDtryJLDdJo arrest;., amountpJ 1 the earthy,matters. From! the fruit is still perfectly green;; some These nuts had evidently been-beaten-

pliindecthathas: so long,jobbed.Refeiencejwas the analysis! J ye. .ee;> fruits as distint of it is half-yellow, and.some a pale, off the'trees before they,were fully npe/
our.grctwets; .,: from vege.tables\ ""have.theleas, sickly lemon color.- Here and there a in ,order ,to reach the' early market/
made .to the success, amount, of earth salts Most of them tree.ripens its fruit earlier than the while the',Floridas had been allowedto

. already .a.ttendinjj.tbe ns.J11 @asspr:, contaifl.a I large'quantity of water,, butthatvateris others, and this early fruit is culled hang on the tree'until they-were
ciatigns on.Indian ,Rive(.ian .....else-] i j of! the J purest kind' "a from the whole orchard. On some I fully ripe and fell,off of their own'accord -* b
where, als0jo. ,.Vegetable: ,iShippers'lAssoci -. distdled.water,.of nature. -and has insolution trees all shades, from a deep green to I The marketmen 'statedlto-Us,
4 Qtb of Gran IJ.sla1)di. as." 'i vegetable\ ;albumen.. a pale yellow, are seen. Two months that after they had once sold; a customer
; having been,of much service! We! lsqnotice, ,that, ,they,areto a from now this fancy fruit,if left on the the,Florida outs they could not sell
A spmniijtee won, .constitution} and greatextent; free, from." oxidized! al-; trees, would have a bright reddishyellow him any more.of thepolished; ones.," '.
by-law e,:has ,apppinted i and..Jnstructed; biim-glutinous and, fibrinous sub-. color, burnished like,,bronze, and The editor-of. the New Orleans-Sugar
to frame a, consfoqhaving. ,refer; tances; ; at acids citric tartaric ,etc.- which it contains would be rip of this who handles
en9q present onlyto scientifaandtheoretical -; : ,' .maJlc,- now city -pecans
bgeuestions,lea ", ,:practical\ whichj;whentaken! "into.r \the,. system,' ened into nectar. Not the' least ,un- largely, and is well informed -this1
.t Ev0 h at .f later.[meet aet< directly upon the ,bloodt by ,increasing'jte fortunate thing about these,early shipments industry, forms'us that the market
ing. r : splupUtypby 1 thinning itj ; is that they ,diminish, by their: fot'' Louisiana_ pecans (formerly :the

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best in the,world) is being ruined be-
and live and
thereby, disarranges all their season without
cause so many persons persist in thresh- F tftnep&Trrcteketf expense anybody -
the labor in that section. ,He slashes either for labor
; ing their trees, to get the nuts,insteadof -- or commercial
down the trees and cuts them into con- fertilizer to
: allowing them to ripen and drop of Letter From venient l greater extent and value,
Major Campbell lengths ,instead of splitting acre for acre, than all New England
their own, accord.. When gathered them into rails rolls them i into
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. heaps raises of corn and potatoes. Still
green they are in a shruuken condition Yes Florida beats world and burns them. we
the -for buy Irish both
potatoes, to eat and for
and lack that rich, oily flavor He then makes fence around
Elysian fields. a his seed, from New England, and in addition
which has. This is
a ripe "nut why have had a good deal.of practical field, part logs, part stumps, part treetops to this grass enough' to feed the
nuts so often sell ridiculously low,and experience with wheat fields, hemp some.poles.so e.brush and'a few herds of Texas.
hereafter:those who wish to secure the fields and corn fields, but never until panels of barbed wire, and then plantsa Am I in favor of fences? Yes, fences
top of the market should let" their fruitS today, practical or otherwise, with the lot of orange and other fruit trees.. till you can't rest; yes, fences dividing
ripen before marketing it. former. So well satisfied is he with his work so your plantation like partitions in your

aPlenty Was there ever in any other coun- far, he thinks he has an Elysian field home, and in another article I will tell
of Oranges. : try such 'a first day of January as this? i Never having had any experience with you why, and how they can be madeto
Never before have citrus fruits Old Billy and I were plowing along nut-grass or sand spurs, he does not yield as much revenue and be as
.reached, this city 'from so many sections today, turning over land for corn, the think such things will 'ever grow there. profitable as any other portion of the
,- and the range and variety is, sun coming down pretty hot, even for He thinks, very properly, that. he plantation. .
consequently; remarkable.\ A choiceof Florida; the violets were blooming and ought to have some revenue from that CHAS. ",V. CAMPBELL, SR.

oranges may:be had I from Florida, the birds singing and flitting about just field, and concludes _to plant vegetables : Campobello Plantation,Marion Co.
Jamaica, Cuba, the Bahamas, Cali-- like May time "up North.; between the rows of trees until P. S. For doing things- and advocating
fornia, Arizona; Mexico and the And it occurred to me, what I wouldbe they come into bearing'.and;; goes home law diametrically against their
'. Mediterranean. Grape fruit is coming doing if I was up in Northwest Missouri and rummages about and fishes out a own 'interests the of Florida
;? from Florida and Jamaica, and again, instead of plowing in my lot of picture books, such as seedsmen beat the world. :.
shaddocks from the latter place. :shirt sleeves. Probably, and most scatter gratuitously over the South.In .
Grape fruit sells for $1.00 to $2.00 a likely, I would be muffled up in an making up his memorandum he Seed for Early.Potatoes.
.,dozen, Florida oranges sixty to seven- overcoat, fur cap, yarn mitts and over passes over all the old stand-bys, which
Editor Farmer and
tyfive'cents, and California Navelsfor shoes'with; a hoe digging out shock- have no pictures, and selects from the :
the same price, oranges ,from fodder from the snow covered, frozen:: "novelties," which have; a bean that, In order to make money growing
Jamaica costing slightly less. Mandarins ground. Well, this made me tired, judging from the picture, would have potatoes for the Northern markets the
light-colored of good size, and old Billy looked as though he was made a good handspike to have rolled seed must come up prompt'y' ,'with
with distinctive musky flavor, come glad he wasn't up there. logs with; a cucumber which, in size, only one or two strong growing shootsto
from Sicily and from Florida, and sell So I stopped him under the shadeof would make a good back log for an the hill, and each shoot must set
for thirty to sixty cents a dozen. a tree and lay down on a soft bed open fireplace; a drumhead cabbage, not more than four or five tubers.
Smaller' Tangerines of deep rich of pine needles and was soon l lulled from its size, very properly named; a With such seed in good ground with
color, reach us from the same State off to sleep by the aromatic perfume of tomato as big as a coffee pot, and a fairly good weather the tubers growin
and from Jamaica and California, and the resinous pines and the moaning of pumpkin about the size of a barrel,and short order to marketable size and .
their comparative scarcity here has the'wind'through the tree-tops, and I the prices about threetimes, that of the there are few potatoes too small to
induced large shipments from Japan. dreamed of an Elysian field. old stand-bys,which would have suited sell.The
This seedless fruit from Asia is con- In: this' field were crystal springs, his purpose better. objection to Northern grown
sidered of better flavor.than that from clear brooks babbling and rippling off After calculating the returns these mature potatoes is that when they ar-
California, but not equal to the Florida to the sea; there were mossy banks on will give him per acre, according to rive in Florida every eye has been
fruit, which commands sixtyfivecents which violets were blooming, clustersof the pictures, he writes a letter to the weakened by growing and each piece
'a: dozen. Valencia oranges are primroses and stretches of daisies of general manager of a railroad enquiring planted sends up a more or less enfeebled -
exceptionally good this season, and all kinds, and all else that was beautiful if he was to give them his entire sprout for every eye on it.
sell as high as 85.SO a case at the and blissful. shipments if it would,not be sufficient The.consequence is that the hills are
wholesale auctions,. the best Messina There was no nut-grass in this field; inducement for them to put in a switch overcrowded and few of the potatoes -
oranges reaching $2.25. Lemons neither were there any sand spurs or and build a side rack for him, so he even if left to grow to maturity,
from Spain and Sicily, are of good seed ticks, nor were there.any women could ship his stuff by the car load. are large enough to ship. The behavior -
quality, plentiful and unusually cheap riding on bicycles; Being sure of a favorable answer, he of second crop potatoes, whichare
for the:holiday'eason, costing fifteen On the other hand, there were elfish goes to bed, and after,turning over in now extensively grown tor seed
to twenty-five cents a dozen., The maidens gathering laurel, roses, violets his mind what kind of commercial fer- south of the latitude of Philadelphiaand
immense total quantity of oranges. and daisies and wreathing them into tilizer he had better buy, he goes to Indianapolis, .is in every way bet- :
.,- 'alone is indicated by the fact thatnow'at garlands and crowning the bronzed sleep. ter. If properly grown they send up
: -' : the beginning of the: season brows of farmers'.sons who were manly After awhile .a nightmare gets:nold but one.or twoshoots ;to the:piece, or
i of him and he, all l the horned .to.the..whole potatoJf a planted whole,
': ; {Mediterranean' oranges, 32,70cases o enough not to part their hair, in the sees_ long- ,
of Valencias have already been middle and stand behind dry goods cathammedslabsided, wire-grass cattle and each ,shoot setting from three to

received at this port, while up to December counters and sell tape.I of the neighborhood: breaking five potatoes only they all grow quickly
17th 214,124 barrels an I was awakened from this blissful through his brush fence and destroying to marketable size. .
29.926 boxes of Jamaica oranges have dream by the blowing of the noon his vegetables and trees, and an The largest growers of second.crop
'arrived.-Garden and Forest. whistle, and looking around for old old razorback sow, with bristles six seed potatoes in the country are the
This in-rushing of fruit from all Billy, I saw him leisurely wending his .inches long and a snout like an alli firm of John C. Pearce & Co:,' Louis
''quarters is caused by the failure of f way across the field towards the bars, gator, rooting a hole in the side of his ville, Ky., whose advertisement ap
the usual supply of Floridas. dragging the plow after him. prize pumpkin, crawling in and deliv pears in this issue. They plant about
Old Billy is a wonderful horse-.. ing herself of a litter of pigs. August i and dig their seed after the
The Tallahasseean has referred to knows just as well that the whistle After tossing about the balance of first killing frost, say October to.
the experience of several farmers this i blows at noon for knockin -.offtimeas the night, with night sweats, he gets The seed are then about half grown
fall showing! that there is good,money I a'"nigger" does-and his lips will 1 up nervously prostrated, and straightway potatoes and owing to their immaturity .
in, grqwing sugar cane, and it ,gladly hang just as long, if you want him togo draws a picture of the horrors he they keep solid and unsprouted as
adds to the list of its witnesses Mr.Geo. any further. had seen the night before and sends i it long as kept reasonably cool); but
G. Gibbs who resides just out There are other kinds of Elysian to the FARMER :AND FRUIT GROWER, when planted in the warm ground
side the city, northwest Mr. Gibbsfinished fields in Florida. with a vitriolic communication advocating they send up one shoot to the piece.It .
making his crop into, syrup One is made by the man who comesto a "no fence law." seems that the eye than starts first
l last week and reports twenty-six bar Florida and buys a piece of pine He never realizes at all that outside calls on the whole potato, or the whole
rels of'syrup, from one and one-h alt land,not because it is cheap, for he has and surrounding his little six by nine piece as the case may be, for its support -
acres of cane. Syrup barrels average "money to burn," but because he i is enclosure there is a dense forest filled and the other eyes do not grow
about thirty-three gallons and at thin afraid to tackle the big hard wOod with oak,hickory, and palm and other :at all. The consequence is great

cents a gallon, a fair,, market price, his trees and thick undergrowth of the nut-bearing trees, and at intervals old vigor of growth and early, large pota
crop is worth to him $257.40. Those hammocks and mixed woods. plantation fields, once famous for their toes.

who know,how cheaply sugar cane can And that is the reason wbythouI production of corn, cotton, sugar cane, After many years of experimentswith
be grown in this section will readly see sands and thousands of acres of as rice, tobacao, peanuts and sweet po a view to growing only the :
big money in this farm product Tallahasseean. [. good lands as there are in the worldare tatoes and cow peas, but now grownup earliest, highly productive varietiesf
.- vacant in Florida today. with dewberry and blackberry Messrs. Pearce & Co. have fixed on
Being satisfied with his h bushes, wild plums live oak
purchase, e cabbage the New Queen, Thorburn, Early
*" A superfluous branch is a needlessdrain hires a lot of hands at a price fat beyond palms, and haw apples and persimmontrees Norther; Early Hilburn and Burpee's
upon the resources of a tree. what a fanner can afford to pay each bearing fruits and nuts i in Extra Early as the best kinds. -All

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are favorite eating, potatoes throughout -=DeLANOY'S=- be entirely worthless for producingeggs.
the North and whenever,tried in N A. F. STYLES..

Florida have done extremely well. Phillips, Fla., Dec. 22, 1896.In .
*'> Farm our experimental'patch of Kaffir, '
Popular Poultry
Ginger'Oulture.. being less than half an acre, thejays j :j
Sir Henry Dering, one of the diplomatic 0 never allowed the grain to get beyond j

1 officers of -Great Britain in HPOPKH, FLK. the milk state, consequently we pad >
I Mexico, has made an interesting report no chance of gathering the maturedseed.

to the Foreign Office in regard to TlC Would be pleased to .hear
the economic plants of that country. -CORNISH INDIAN GAMES from others in regard to feeding sweet :

Ginger, Zinziber officinale, which was potatoes. S. S. D.: i
';; Sharp's and Imported. The beAt Table Fowl known. .. .
introduced ,into America. as early as '7-; Great for Broiler .* j
1540, is now found, according to Sir I -e'I'- Selecting Breeding Turkey 1

Henry, growing wild in many partsof oi$i. BLACK+ MINORCAS .I$: The question of how to select-tur.
Mexico. Not only are the dried been ,
Larger than Leghorn Good layer of Large White Eggs. keys (or breeding purposeshaving
rhizomes used and medicine -
as a spice a
1* ; sometime referred to me for answer,
but the fresh or green rhizome, For balance of present hatching of this
i will be made the subject article.
E G G reason $t.ooinclude per setting. F REE1
washed and in
scraped preserved
We also a packet of And it is the most important questionthat .1 I
syrup, or cut in.pieces in candied Early Prolific Table Peas ((3 crops a year) pr Wonderfuls.WE could be asked by one contemplating
sugar, is well knowruas a sweetmeat.The ,1
CAN raising these really profitablefowls.
,plant is propagated by division of POULTRY SUPPLIES. The chief cause of failure in ,,i,
the rhizomes, each'piece being planted i';'
turkey raising is for want of proper f
three inches and cultivated likea
deep selection of foundation stocksIf ;J,
potato. The sets'are covered with it is assumed that the i
on the other hand broken crockerycan turkey
well rotted manure,-over which a thick Poultry.; is delicate certain of
be pounded up in suitable sizes poult at stages.

layer of leaves i is placed to retain -------------.--....-....----..-.--.--.--------.- without danger of any bad effects. If its life the greater reason to give it all
moisture the growing and give plants.extra Ginger nourishmentto is Edited by s. s.DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. your fowls have had no grit, feed lightat available stamina. The weakly chick (
an first, or after a full meal of grain.S. droops and dies, the duckling of:like
and W" fc*" *V % % *'VN*'> --NS <>-'-> >*p> ---
therefore the landis
exhausting ,
crop S. D. constitution powers is soon numberedwith
kept thoroughly weeded and highly Grit and Lime.
the dead, and it need not cause
manured. The plant flowers in autumn, Patrick Henry Jacobs, the poultry Sweet Potatoes and Kaffir Corn that puny poults go the same road in
and in January the rhizomes are forked editor whom 'the Texas Farm and rapid succession. I have raised "100
k out of the soil and average from two Ranch rants about!as the originator of for Hens. per cent of the hatch of a season;:and
to three ounces in weight. When lifted the cracked and idea Cditor! Farmer and Frnit-Grower:
glass crockery as I have lost 90 per cent of a season's ,
from the ground and cleaned of adhering an assistant in digestion in the fowl's In reply to your query in regard to hatch. I lay the success or failure to 4

dirt, they are plunged into gizzard, has also advanced some other feeding sweet potatoes, I would say ,the original stock, its strength or :
boiling water to destroy their vitality, theories in regard to poultry growingthat that some years since I used cooked weaknesss. I]
and then dried in the sun, when they other authorities do not agree to. sweet potatoes long enough to find As the male is half the flock: I will ]
present a brown*,' wrinkled surface. One idea that he sticks to'as stubbornly that they were not a good ration for select one as an ideal breeder. *. -
To produce the so-called uncoated as the average crank on favorite sub laying hens. I stopped the use of In every flock of poults there will be
ginger the epidermis is scraped from jects, is that fowls derive no assistance them, and would not feed them now, one or two toms of more individual
the rhizome, which is subjected to from the lime contained in oyster shells if anyone would give me the potatoes.For merit than the others. They will. be
r some bleaching, generally from the for material with which to encase the young, growing stock they makea larger, brighter plumage, mere active
fumes of sulphur and much of the egg. We believe that P. H. J. is off cheap and excellent feed, and are and stylish in form and carriageand

commercial ginger is practically white- on that subject, and that fowls do derive especially good for broilers just before possessing more vigor and life. Theseare
washed to give it a better appearance.This lime from oysfr 'shells. For in marketing them.I the birds to select first. Of these

often, however, covers an inferior stance, once upon, a time fowls con have been using Kaffir corn as two or three take the best, or if," no
. quality, 'and ,can be detected by fined to a yard took to laying thin- the principal grain ration for about a difference can be found in them take
the ease with which it rubs off. Good shelled eggs. They had had no shellor month past and never had hens lay the one that is largest and in best
ginger, when not whitewashed, is of a bone for some time, and consequently so well at this season of the year be- condition, as this usually will be the
pale buff color, breaking with a short, had no other source of lime fore. I use it in place of wheat, giving bird having the best digestive and assimilating
mealy'fracture, and presenting bristly except that obtained grain and other the same quantity. This season apparatus. It makes no

.fibers on the surface. :Uncoated ginger foods. They were furnishedwith a was my experience in growing it. difference what. breed ,or if .any'par-
is.considered'.the,best for ordinary use.. box of crushed oyster shell and in a few While,the birds were very plenty and ticular breed the tom may ,be, we
The returns from an acre of land vary, days the change in the_ eggshell was ve- extremely fond of the corn, I had no want good size, good ,flesh and good
of course, but, under favorable circumstances ryjmarked/ithavinggained: ; | | strength diffiultY'in saving the seed by cuttingoff health to show up distinctly. Thereis
the crop ought to be 4,000 and quantity. Thus we believed that the head as soon as,ripe. I shall no place for bantam turkeys. And j
pounds or more. that that,theory was smashed.We give it another trial this year, plant while few things can be worse
.. noticed recently in one of the ing as early,as possible, and only the than trying by feed-forcing to make

( Will Hopkins, the pansy agent, is poultry papers an article on this subject white variety. heavy birds from a small breed yet all
growing the finestcelery in the State. from which we take the following: Some months since, in an article on birds should be made to grow up to
He has the contract to furnish the "It is well to have oyster shell in the poultry, which I sent THE FARMERAND !the National Standard! for that breedin
. Duval Hotel all winter-Ocala Ban hill of fare, as it furnishes considerablelime FRUIT GROWER, I wrote "andin size and weight. .
i E; ner. for egg shells. We have had reports each yard was a box containing I would have the tom selected from

_-----.-*----- where a too liberal feed of oyster ground oyster or clam shells, cracked poults raised with as small loss as pos- I
, How's This 1 1We shells toughened the egg shell, and bone and charcoal." The printer sible. j

;, :offer One Hundred Dollars Reward when one discovers that to be a fact, made it "cracked corn" instead of I would have him selected from |
.;t for any case of Catarrh that can not be' it will be best to limit the supply." : bone; an unfortunate change should those hatched from eggs laid hy a 1
cured W Hall's Catarrh Cure. We believe in grit-and shell is fairly to keep that same 1
1 F. J. HENEY & CO.,Props., Toledo, anyone attempt hen that had never been sick .a day in
'':, good for that purpose as well as a kind of a box before their hens. her life, for disease may in many cases J
Ohio.We the undersigned, hate known F. J. source of lime; but not taking into Cracked or granulated bone, when be transmitted from dame to son. 1
<> Cheney for the last,15 years, and believe consideration the lime necessary for kept where hens can always get it, I would pick a tom that stood I
!Ir him perfectly honorable in all business egg shell, we should prefer, simplyfor acts in a double capacity-when first strong and,firm on stout legs resting 1 1on
transactions and financially able to
out any obligations made bv their firm.carry grinding purposes, some of the eaten it largely takes the place of grit, good feet and toes; with bright 1
West & Truar, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo many forms of crushed quartz or rock and as it gradually wears away, it is full eyes a strong voice and often I
:. 0.. Walding, Kinnan & 'Marvin, now on the market: -Therefore to be used as"food, and assists materially informing used in sending out his cry of deft- I
- Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio. right, give your fowls ,a supply of both the shell of the egg bone in ance; and a body being very full and I
. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, materials, kept constantly before them, some form being an absolute necessityin round in breast and long, deep .and I
acting directly the blood and mucous -
f surfaces of upon the system. Price, 75c. and they will help themselves when the food of laying hens. On the broad in the back and sides. I
t per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testimonials ever they feel the want of teeth. other hand, nothing could be worse The hens cannot be too active I
i 1 free. We do not believe in splintered for hens kept in confinement than to sprightly and vigorous. They must I
r ... glass, and glass is very apt to splintermore keep cracked corn always before show life if they have it. And it is I
pruning the grape allow five canes or less in pounding, therefore them. It would take but a very short little use attempting to raise turkeys 1
_ or vines to each post,.cutting. back,every: have no use for broken glass, where hens hand I
year. time to make. them so fat they would unless such are at to begin



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with, .Hens should be 'long, broad State News. M i .. -." a ...1. -31' ..,... ....1/ _. ca1. ..,,.-p.. 1-

and deep.in body. Such hens will .(
usually have plenty of living power, -- .....- ........... """- 4 ':

have1'good1 digestion 'and assimilationand The' Waldo Farm is distributingabout L r l ,

likely to be ,the dams of vigorous one hundred and fifty quarts of 'r.lking .Th.

poultS: milk daily, and is turning out per
Care must be used not to'select abnormal week about fifty pounds of the best .it
specimens in point of size. I butter in the world.-Volusia County Bicycles:

Such usually lay but few eggs and Record.

they are rarely fertile. For this reasonI An.expert brought some half-cured .. .,. .,; -.... J ,..., a
\' .
> advise: buyers to beware of the .
leaves of Florida tobacco and explainedto -' t '
prize birds at the large shows. A your correspondent that it was the 'j': d : l"
bird to win must be of largest-size pos finest in the world; that nowhere coulda ,f.r'' !; .. a ; CURVE ., .
sible for the breed and such are .r.j ;
very leaf be grown so thin and at the same 'Q. it
often barren but few "' ,. ., .
or at most lay time so tough., The leaf could actual ,."e':'"'' ',' ,'. ;'; ,.-.
any fertile.eggs. ly be popped in his hands. One pecu :I
With due regard for the pleasureand liar fact is that the many Cubans here, ... : :,d;" .;.1
profit.of breeding and growing and they number now some two or ;,; .i
pure,bred'turkeys, it is plain truth .
three hundred growers in Polk, are ; "
that more money will usually be net- much more enthusiastic,over the prOs. ITajQtrALITY'THAT AIDS THEM TO) "

ted by'paying less attention to the pect than are the old residents of the "I'
fashionableness. of the line of breedingand county.-Bartow Courier-Informant TALK FOR THEMsELVES4 ::

more .to mating a flock to,,unite .
much of real strength and stamina There were about fifteen truck farmers IT'S-THESCIENCEISHOWNTHAT' .;" 'J'

as can be, had without making too present at P. F. Wilson's seed store :: !,j
violent mating.Fortunatly yesterday afternoon, in response to a AIDS THE QUALITY. : ...' !

,we have in our wild call for farmers to take some action in L-i.J:. ',1a

turkeys a reserve fund upon which we reference to transportation rates. T. .; < 't

can draw, at pleasure to reinvigorate Denby was selected chairman, and C. .. ,
our! strain-of turkeys; None but the A. Colclough, secretary. After much_
best survive' the attendant vicissitudesof discussion, it was decided to effect a
wilderness life permanent organization of all the farmers s
and,, those poults ;
in this and Marion counties and 19' lbs e'a1:1.ttgs'
thatrlive to grow up are extra-ordinary : ,
in vigor, and never fail to show the raise funds to defray the expense of .i
wisdom of their use in the breeding going before the Interstate Commerce

flock.-American, Poultry Advocate. Commission. Every farmer present .i

... seemed to be desperately in earnest ..J
and.resolved to make a hard fight for .. ..
Death, of;Hon. VV. H. :Hatch. '
justice.-Gainesville Sun. **OGGf"ctaye ahead
of them: &11."
Another true friend of the farmers i J .
has just crossed,the "great divide." It is a very modest assertion to say ... '
Ei.RepresentativeVilliam: H. Hatch, that'we pay $45,000 a. year more for Art .Catalogue cents In Stamps.

Hannibal,. Mo.,. was born in Kentucky freight on'exports alone than we needto. t

in 1833, and( served on the Confederate We can avoid this almost without a
side during ,the war, since expense to ourselves. If we will guar CO.;HOLYOKE, MASS: "1 ,

which he had been largely engaged in antee the running expenses of the ves JOur
sel we can have one day from Pen- .
the:farmers' interests; indeed, the enemies any
he made'in public'life were made sacola, Mobile 'or New Orleans. If' .. .

principally his unbiased the Cumberland made money at 25
loyalty -
cents a crate twelve Rural'Home.Children's mentary spelling can be taught in this
to the cause of the farmers. It years ago, moneycan .-
was his<:earnest efforts which, secured be ,made at that rate 'today. If way, as the head of a cat with c-a-t

the enactment'of the Federal oleomargarine we need a larger vessel we can build a """" worked underneath, etc.

law; the Hatch bill, providing pierhead at the bar buoy and get one Bibs. Use a coarse silk, as Asiatic ropes

$I5J; oo' a year agricultural experi- of several steamers in the bay to carry For Our Rural Home.Teething' lk or Roman floss, which will do just:3as }'

ment stations: each State; the new stuff from the river, Terra Ceia and children should have a well as finer embroidery., A round
Sarasota bays to the pier-Manatee\ dozen of these are none too .
'to and the many.
grants agricultural colleges,' good supply of bibs; especially-during
meat'inspection' bill that has done so River Journal.Mr. warm'weather; 'for; a sweet baby is a Bits of light gingham chambray.)

much:to improve the foreign demand L. J. P., Bishop, of New York, delight; 'an-untidy ones-. may be made into table bibs-in fact;- '

American products and thud arrested .' son-in-law of the late Hon. P. P. Bishop Make them' thick interlining any pretty cotton goods that .can' be "*!
having an

,. was in town last and boiled. ELIZABETH.
the downward decline, of our Friday, speaking of 'som abs rbeIit' '
live stock markets.' As chairman of the of the interests of the large orange cotton'-flacmel l or sheet-wadding.goods, as; '. .... '. ,
companies at Citra said the Take. Care of the Children First.
House Committee of Agriculture, the grove Rounding bibs are best, 'as pointed .,
success of all these measures was due this o growth of shoots had, been'so great corners curl up. Lonsdale cambric Housekeeping is not always horne

own ability. The management the past season that those ''in 'interest makes good bibs,-one' yard being sufficient making/as. many a, husband and'child' *
the'toleomargarine' bill was of one the had determined to go to work in earnest "for ten 'or 'twelve: Quilt them can testify. We know a husband and;

best'examples of legislative general and rehabilitate their grove prop upon the machine' in diamond fash'. wife who had been united for about

ship. His work in behalf of the pure erty. This is certainly, very encouraging ion, and trim the edges with narrow fifteen years, who went separately and
food,bill l; the anti option bill, free delivery news to the smaller owners'o f lace. together ,the pastor of'the'church'of
of mails' in rural districts, and groves at Citra and elsewhere in the f which they 'were both members and''
for.other :measures, further endeared county, and will greatly stimulate themto Table, bibs are, made much. larger, upon his advice finally "agreed to,disagree '.
and of but thickness
him,to. the farmers. Indeed, the elevation renewed efforts to re-establish their one choosing a ;" that'is,to live apart. The hus .
of ,the Agricultural Bureau to orange,?trees. Mr. E. Smith, assistant heavy material, as butcher's linen, band was'' losing heart and,failing-'in
crash or huck-a-buck and hem them
the dignity of an Executive Depart manager of the Monarch Grove, near health because of the constant nagging?!
ment was largely due to Mr. Hatch'spersistent Wildwood, of which Mr. Charles W about the edges. Ornament them received 'at home from an 'otherwise"11

efforts. He failed of reelection White, of Citra, is in charge, was i in with:some tiny outline'sketch" such,as good wife. Her great fault was excessive -'
town last week and said "the, cow; jumped over the moon,
to,the Fifty-fourth Congress after they were neatness. Her husband never was"
eight successful years of service, since surprised to find oranges scatters Jackie Homer, "Old. Dog known to enter the 'home with) them
which time he had through the on various shoots Tray, etc., either of which can be "
been'living a quiet grove shoes worn on the street; a newspaper
home-life.; -American Agriculturist.When'trees and the fact has so encouraged the easily drawn with pencil, or a pretty must repose in a certain'spot, 'andlie
... holders of the property, notably Mr.\ Greenaway figure. must not replace a chair. When! the"" ;

are to be set out in the Ralph King, of Cleveland, and other Use Asiatic ''etching silk for the, house and furniture 'receive more*'.
spring,"in many cases it will be a goodplan monied men of that city, that it has work, choosing some:bright color. thought and attention than'' husbdtjtand

to mark out the ground and set stakes been determined the whole grove of f Tray-cloths to match1 are'often made children It.is time"to call'a halt.
where the trees,, are to be planted. This 800 acres shall undergo rehabilitation for these little folks, :who'are so apt to Under the head,'"The Woman i Who'

will save time in the spring. -Ocala Banner. spill, ". their bread. :. nd-'milk,. and.ele Works/ Ellen Frizell Wycoffin'fI/ 'V .1\.:



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1897 :, '


mankind, writes as follows on this :


Now there is a right and proper doing ,
=and there is a ,wrong and sinful Colds, ache, Is an Enormous Bearer and Perfectly Hardy Throughout the

overdoing. For while it is the bounden Wild Plum Belt. '
duty of every woman look well to and all BOWEI DYSENTERY COMPLAINTS yfA ? It ripens its fruit, even in Florida,.in July and August after the cherries in the

the ways of her household, no woman Sore,Safe,Quick Core for these North are gone. They are a perfect freestone and for a combination: for all cooking
has a right to set aside the other du- troubles U : purposes, such as pies, tarts, jellies, jam, sweet pickles, preserves, evaporated, etc.,
they are superior to any northern cherry. They are so solid I have shipped them .
ties that she owes to herself, her fellow 1 to Boston, where they remained over a week before cooking, and were pronounced
creatures and her God.
The work required in the making of "It is a puzzle to everybody-half plum and half cherry., You have a real treasure."-Fanner and
a home is only a part of these dutiesa (nuT D1TIS1.) : Fruit-Grower.
Used InfenaiyandIarfernslty.. "Your Cherry-Plum is a valnable acquisition to our lists of fruits."-Florida Agriculturist,
great and important but still
part, Two Sizes, 2Sa.and We.bottles. "The sauce has a richer color and flavor than the cherry,and free from the acridity of the plum.-
only a part. Halifax Journal.
In many instances the woman who i.43'self -*>4>,,3*.0...>j>o>o> 3 My trees are mostly budded on seedlings from the parent tree. Fine two-year-old bud,well-
branched. to 6 feet 40 cents $ dozen-2 to feet, cents dozen.
4 : 4 per 4 30 ; $t per
works loses sight of this. She becomesa Florida. WM. I,. ORANGIt.
machine. The of life is lost
to'-a group of pretty girls who :
to her. The best part of her being is and took his hat
were calling, to go <
gone. She is deaf and blind because out. Seeds to Buro.v

she misses the music and beauty of Where ?" his ....
are you going, son .
living. There is no new and beautiful mother asked. FOR A PERIOD ;

thought added to her mental store, no "To milk the cow for Miss Nancy. OF SIXTEEN YEARS Landtfeths': Seedshave

healthy, upward growing, no advance She has hurt her hand and 1 see her THE PURCHASERS OF

ment. going to the barn," he answered, in a been protected by our Dated Papers and bur BURNING SYSTEM,which gives your .
This state.of affairs may have come ,careless matter ot fact glancing Local Merchant the Privilege of Burning his Stock Left Over at the end of the season, thus
about so gradually that she does not assuring to his customers Fresh Seeds Every Year. D. Landreth&Sons are not Seed Merchants
out the window. depending upon others for their supplies,but are Seed Farmers and Grow their Own
realize into what a sad plight she has The ladies opened their Stocks from the Most Perfect Types and under the experienced eye and direction of mem-
fallen. She has no time to young eyes bers of the Firm. This work has been going on since 1784,and the business Is now conducted:
go anywhere in amazement. Who ever heard of a by the Third and Fourth Generations. This in Itself is a Guarantee that the Seeds are as
and,.indeed, nobody seems to valedictorian milking a cow for a good as seeds can be made. Ask your local Merchant LANDRETHS'. Observe the Dateon
her There is each Packet,and If he does not keep Landreths' on sale, send us a Postal for our CATA-
expect to go out. always poor little old maid who had burnedher LOGUE which contains Truthful Descriptions and Sound Practical. Information and we will
something to do, and she is never quite hand fill your order direct from Headquarters. Mention thin paper. ,%

ready. But the boy's mother took it in a Address, DAVID LANDRETH & SONS, (Seed'Farmers, 'Philadelphia, Penna.
Once I knew such a woman. She was
of fact
very matter way.
well and strong, the picture of health. "
"That's so, she said quietly. PECANL.'TREESiRibera
Her home was bright and pleasant, her "Come back in time to see my girls SEEDLING,

children, happy and well cared for, : home.

were always well. An epidemic of And watched him
as we crossingover
measles spreading the Pecan Grove and Pecan Nursery
was over town. to the! little woman, she went on: ,

The family physician warned my friend "I am proud of that boy. College ON BLACKWATER BAY, SANTA ROSA COUNTY: FLORIDA. .
that she was in no condition to take hasn't spoiled him; I didn't think it -
the disease, and that precaution 1896--1897.' _.
every would. Surely I am blessed in
must be used. It was suggested that my 20,000 SEEDLING PECAN TREES, Two Years Old.from my own Pecans.i< to 24 inches,,'l
boys. and many even higher,at$to. oo per hundred.with liberal discount in low of 1.000 andover .
she take the children out of town fora And with her. It Terms Cash with order. Shipment as directed. Transit charges to be paid by purchaser
we agreed was
No after '
on receipt. responsibility shipment.Box
while. This was by no means impossible worth being called a poor house- 4, Bagdad Florida. ARTHUR BROWN.

but my friend. thought so._ It keeper, it was worth wearing; old : 'J'" .
... .. .
was November and the winter sewingnot
done. There dresses. Ah, me, if only all motherswere Upon the borders was a graceful design .'. ... ':' rr .<
were so many chil able that. .J 7
to say of oak leaves and acorns workedin -
dren-how could she leave home just
Do you know any of the children light browns and veined with gold *SMOKE UR MEAT WITH ,
now? It seemed simple and to
easy who about the be- threads.An InuUSERS'UnDID'"rvmait77rulll1t
run neighborhood
everybody else, but she could not be tftD roll I UIMIIIIF.JIft .
persuaded. She took the measles and cause mother is too busy to notice? excellent dinner sweet is stuffed CIRCU LA R.EK 193ERiRIHIETOtt.I

died. Those children are men and The clothes and the table and the figs. To prepare them, cut an open- The' Bawls-Williams' .

women now; think of their motherless house are above reproach, but the ing in the side of( nice fresh figs and Company, '.

childhood The husband is lonely children? take out the inside with a spoon. To "'\VHOLES AZ E '"

and brokenhearted still. If only she Yes, I know you have to work; so this add some salted almonds or.salted -

had taken time. do I. I fail, too, in my duty, many peanuts that have been choppedfine. Produc' an : Ofm1SSiO

.I And I know another mother who ,and many a time, so do you. But Mix these thoroughly togetherand ,

has never been a "notable house. 'all the same, my sister, you can do moisten them with a little bran- PRODUCE AND POULTRY .. -
keeper." She was never what people with less work. dy. Put this mixture into the fig COUNTRY a Specialty. -
ff Domestic and Foreign Fruits In season. "&
call "stylish," and somehow she was Give the children bread and butterto shells and press the sides of the open-1, Hay,Grain, Flour and Canned Good ,

always just a little behind with her eat, plain clothes to wear, a simple ing together. Roll the filled figs in STATE AGENT EXCELSIOR MALT. ; I'

work. Nobody ever seemed to mind home to live in, but let them have powdered sugar.If Honest Returns Guaranteed same day of tale.

this or expect anything else. There their mother.Western Rural. pie crust is desired to be brown Consignments solicited Give us a trial (, h;

was a big family and a little pocket- when baked, it should be brushedover We will be pleased on application.to send you our Quotations .' ..' .-:

book:. The dishes were not always Hints to Housekeepers. with sweet milk just as the pieis Offices and Salesroom, soo and 5'2 Welt Bay Sti'% -

washed when the meal was finished, put into the oven for baking. Warehouses, P.C.&P.Yards,Jacksonville, Fla. :'
Browned flour is almost .
as necessary -
: --- "
the beds were not always made in the
to keep on hand,in'the store closetas Save your egg shells to clean bottles
morning, the house was not always Messrs. J. M. Westin, E. Gautsen, .M';
white flour. To brown flour and the like. Put 'i
cruets <
tidy, but there was always time to go put vinegar K. Karlson and J. Danielson came '..
I a thick layer of flour into a baking away in a paper sack, and when you .
to church or a lecture with the fam- up on Tuesday's train. These gentlemen -
and place it in a }hot oven. i ready to wash bottles crush
pan get your : '
ily, always time for a talk with the represent the Swedish colony .
Watch it and stir with lot of the shells fine bits
to '
a un
spoon a egg arrive '
boys always time for'reading a bookto who lately inVest Florida. .
til the flour is well browned all through. and put them in the bottles with }
them, always time for writing long Twenty of these people are not, yet. ,,
When it becomes cold it into clean water and shake well.
put soapy
letters to the ones that were strong located, but are working in Pensac91,
empty preserve jars and cover them It will clean and not scratch the 1 .,.
enough to leave the home nest, and The above gentlemen, ,were delegated,,;
It will then be
to finest .
closely. ready glass.Frequently
the boys-well, there are six of them. to close a deal l forelands on the Yel '
Six of the finest men I have ever use in making gravies, and sauces, leather chair covers or low River Railroad! Mr. \Vestin ajsoC
whatever it needed for. ,
known, men of honor, Christians, or is trimmings which have become dull represents about one hundredjamilies,

every one. Men who reverence wo- An unusnal and attractive,hanging, and stained may be brightened and who are yet in the, old country. Fifteen -,.,

men in general and adore the little intended for a closet door in a yel- restored if treated with sweet oil to hundred acres of land near El-' .

mother in particular. Don't you know low room, was made of heavy linen i which a little vinegar has been add- berta was bargamed"for at a price of "! ,'

she is glad she took time? I do, because of a golden brown shade, having ai i ed. Apply a little of the mixture at $3 per acre. Some of these people:,. j '.c

I saw her once when one of the deep border at the top and bottom of a time, and put it on with a soft cloth, ,will make. ,a ,settlement in the..early J". r' "

!boys,'a. fine,: handsome young man? yellow linen. The upper border,was after rubbing the leather with a flan syring and the ,balance 'next falli;...:.

just home from college, excused him-f of lighterjshadethan; [ the lower. nel.-Am. Cultivator.. Laurel Hill Gazette.



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ing information as the following,whichwe Dried figs contain nerve and muscle strong competition for our orange
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower. have found reproduced in severalof food, heat and waste, but are bad for trade and will this season send In

::; our exchanges with unquestioning the liver. over 800 carloads. M
A Weekly Newspaper publfched. at 16 Main artlessness: The great majority of small fresh. "We have made no reference in this

Street, Jacksonville.Fla. "The St.Cloud sugar mill is now in full seed fruits_are laxative. report to the labor cost entering into
operation and presents a sight of active All stone fruits are considered to be the production of fruits as compared
TERMS OF'SUBSCRIPTION industry. The 350 hands at work are injurious (for those who suffer from the with like cost to our competitors.. This I
turning out about 30,000 barrels of sugar liver and should
For One Year ...............................12.00 daily. Already two car loads are ready for be used cautiously. element no longer needs elaboration.
For Six Month ....i 1.00 shipment. The total output is expectedto Lemons and tomatoes should not Every one understands the facts.
.....3.00 amount to.700,000 pounds this season." be used daily in cold weather; they "Our present orange and lemon duty
ubecriptions.in.all..cases cash in have a thinning and cooling effect. is not as protective as it should be, and .
advance. No discount allowed on one's Unjust Assessment of Orchards. Raisins are stimulating in propor- is not as high as it should be to yield
own subscription(except in a club),but to Our contemporary, the Florida Agri-- tion to their quality. revenue.
all awed a liberal cash commission will culturist, in view of the approaching The American Cultivator quotes the "The rate under the acts of 1883 I'

be them. Write on all for subscriptions terms. obtainedby meeting of the Legislature, does wellto above from Dr. Sophie Lepper the and 1890 was 13 cents per cubic footon

To every new subscriber we will send, call attention to the injustice of English food specialist. Really: we a box of one and one-quarter cubic
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- the present system of assessment, under must protest against this sort of infor- feet, and 25 cents per box of two and
ing in Florida." For two new sub- which young orchards that have mation. It is getting so nowadaysthat one-half cubic feet, and 55 cents on a
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, never been anything but a source of people who are aware that they box of five feet, and 20 per cent ad va-
postpaid Culture.", a copy of Moore's "Orange expense to their owners are assessedas have stomachs and livers must have a lorem on each additional cubic foot.

though they were yielding a reve- phenomenal\ memory or carry news-' "Oranges run from 128 to 260 to a
Rates of advertising on application. nu '. The whole system is wrong; paper scraps around with them in box of one and three-quarters cubic
Remittances should be made by check,' it amounts to a tax on enterprise; it order to know whether it is safe for feet. The average number is about

fetter postal to note order money of order or registered handicaps progress. them to eat: tomatoes or green figs or 160 to a box, on which the McKinley
Observe how differently they do in walnuts. We are told above that bill placed a duty of about 12 cents per
FJ.EMEB AND fRUII GROWER Germany. Under date of October i, "apples supply the higher nerve and 100, and the Wilson bill 8 cents per

Jacksonville, Fla. 1896, Consul :Monaghan of Chemnitz, muscle food, but do not give stay." 100. We claim that this duty is so in-
writes to the State Department: If this means anything it means thata adequate as offering protection that
CONTENTS. "It is believed by the empire's best laborer could not substitute applesfor our country is flooded with grossly in-
authorities that rational methods in pork and beans. It does not require ferior fruit, and the business of produc-
PINERY-Pineapple Culture in Florida horticulture must result in reducing to an "English food specialist" to ing good oranges discouraged. The
Growing' :Pineapples on the West CoastPine almost ,nothing the imports of fresh tell us that.- same may be said of the duty of $1.50

GROVE AND Culture ORCHARD for Poor-Notes Men .from Winter 19 and dried fruits. Acting upon this The simple fact is, that fruits affect laid on 1,000 oranges in bulk. It snot

Park 20 belief, the Prussian supervisors of different people in different ways. protective, nor is it sufficient for
Horticultural Society of Lake County- public lands have put forth efforts to Now, the above assertion that orangesare revenue. We see no reason for the
Notes from Lake County-Fruit the" Cor excite intelligent action by the farmers. injurious to the liver can be con- several classifications. The duty shouldbe

rect Thing-Early California Oranges- They also contribute funds for the set- tradicted positively by some people. laid at a uniform rate per cubic foot
Florida and Texas Pecans 2?
Plenty of Oranges ..................... .. 22 ting out of orchards and planting of There is no doubt of the immense regardless of the size of the package,
FARMER AND TRUCKER:-Letter from Major trees, paying the farmers for all origi-- value of fruits, but people should and should not be less than 20 cents
.rJ_ .J' Campbell-Seed for Early Potatoes ...... 22 nal outlays, including trees and the l learn by experience and close observa- per cubic foot,and when in bulk (whichare
Ginger Culture........': 23 assistance of experts. They pay subsidies tion of themselves what varieties are always high-grade and large or-
POULTRY-Grit and Lime-Sweet Potatoes to the farmers to keep the trees best for them. anges) should bear not less than $2.50
aud Kaffir Corn for Hens -Selecting
.. ..
Breeding Turkeys 23 in good condition till they bear; they per 1,000.
Death of Hon W. H. Hatch............. 24 also indemnify the farmers with sums Tariff* on Citrus Fruits. "In conclusion we invite attentionto
OUR RURAL HoME-Children's Bibs-Take equal to the annual rent of the land At a meeting of the fruit growers of I the fact that there is no objection,
;. Care of the Children First. "'f"....' 24 thus taken for fruit purposes. All this California, in Sacramento, a committee general or otherwise, and never has

;. EDITORIAL Hints to-Housekeepers Florida Press Association- -Unjust 25 has led to great activity. Few farm- appointed for the purpose pre- been, to any adequate protective duties

Assessment, of Orchards-Nuts and, ers having the land, are unwilling to sented a report, from which we ex upon competing foreign fruits exceptit
Vruits for Brain-Workers-Tariff on Citrus profit by so generous a system; the tract the schedule on citrus fruits: may have been, or may be, by the
,,, Fruits-Cottonseed Oil in Butter......... 26 result is a large number of names of The citrus fruit industry has, per. importers; and surely no'legislation
",':Markets-Business News-Notes.... ...... 27 those willing to do all the supervisors haps, contributed more to bring to should be framed to help the importerto

....:... .:4 .\.. The FrUit'Prices.,Soja Bean...Crop-Permanent''....._..--..,Low...o-'- 28 demand. The influence of the systemis the notice of the world the wonderful the injury of the.. .home. producer.
i-i ,, R',":A Cheap Farm Paint-A New TJse'for our sure to be wide. reaching"Nuts range of California's fruit products
), ;........ ':-Corn\..... .-...................'.. 30 I! than all others combined. In pointof Cottonseed Oil in Butter.
f'; "tt* State Items.......-.. 32 and Fruits for Brain Workers.: of its de- Americans have often detected the
..... acreage planted; rapidity
flavor of cottonseed butter from
o )",",'l: Weather in Jacksonville.Week .' Blanched almonds give the higher velopment; capital invested and rela-
.-' nerve or brain and muscle food; no tion to the Eastern fruit markets, it cows too liberally on powerful
Ending Jan. 4, 1897 substance and Swedish investi--
.now a
heat or waste. stands at the head of all our varieties.We .
has discovered actual oil
the in
B a till sI: 33d: Walnuts give nerve or brain food, have competitors not only in the gator
.2 q u 513 I the butter. Two cows were fed cotton.
muscle, heat and waste. Eastern, but also in the Southern pore
0oao seed cake for
- Green water are blood puri- tion of the Western hemisphere and twelve days, beginningwith
Dec 29 ........ 50 56 59 48 II 54 .01 .. 2.2 pounds each per day and in-
Dec. 30Dec. ........ 57 58 64 55 9 60 .17 fying (but of little food value); reject from the islands .of the sea. The
31'........ 56 55 60 54 6 57 .ot pips and skins. orange and lemon have passed beyond creasing up to 5.5 pounds each per
I........ sa 64 74 54 20 64 .00 The butter fat
day. produced a
jean. 2........ 6s 67 '75 61 14 68 T. Blue grapes are feeding and blood I the class of luxuries and have gave
. Jan. 3........ 66 66 73 61 12 67 .00 rich reaction for cottonseed oil with Bee.
for those who suf- become
purifying, too ; a necessity to the American
jaa. 4. 59 6o 76 58 18 67 .00 chi's the third of
I as early as day
- fer from the liver. people, and are demanded and con-
Mean ......... 59 61 69 56 n 62 .19 the experiment, and the reaction was
brain in
Tomatoes, nerve or food sumed large quantities. The en.
.Total rainfall. T.-Trace. marked after the sixth day and
A. J. MITCHELL Observer. waste, no heat. They are thinningand i tire country sympathized with the till very
end the
the of
..... stimulating. Do not swallow disaster that befell the Florida growers, ,
Florida Press Association.This skins. and are anxious to see their groves -
The of Beach &
body will convene in Green Juicy fruits give more or less the restored. It has been the protective Arnold has orange just received nursery a cash order

Cove Spring January 20. After the higher nerve or brain, and some few legislation ,that has given rise to the for 4,000 budded trees from parties in
transaction ,of business and the read- muscle food and waste; no heat. wonderful development of this industry New Orleans. Our nursery is gettinga
ing of essays an excursion will be Apples supply the higher: nerve and and that has brought the wide reputation to get orders from
taken to Nassau, Bahamas. These muscle food, but do not give stay. orange within the reach of the masses. such a great distance.-Malabar itemin
annual excursions are very enjoyable, Prunes afford the highest nerve or But this protection cannot be with- Gainesville Star.TheSuwannee .
and'might be made a source of no lit- muscle or brain food, supply heat and drawn without bringing ruin to the .
tle instruction as object lessons in the waste, but are not muscle feeding. growers. River Transportation
ways of our neighbors of different parts They should be avoided by those who "The competition with our lemonsis Company is doing a heavy business in

.. of the world. The business sessions suffer from the liver. very close and very unfair, becausean freight. All of the turpentine camps
ought to assist,in developing the art of Oranges are refreshing and feeding, inferior lemon is put on the marketat north of Branford, and a few south of
the pen and scissors so as to lift the but are not good if the liver is out of low prices and seriously affects the there, were not hurt from the storm,

brethren ,of_,the fraternity above the order. price of good lemons. and are shipping naval stores exten-
possibility of publishing J such astound Green figs are excellent food. "Mexico is preparing to enter into sively.-Levy Times-Democrat.




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Get your,Potatoes to Market Early by using THE



The Fertilize louse of Florida. The Oldest National Bank in the State.

< conservative,yet liberal methods,this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands. ,
GUARANTEED. ANALYSIS : We buy and sell[foreign and domestic exchange: on the most favorable terms,drawing our own

Ammonia ..... ........... .. ... ; 4,to 5 per cent. drafts We on Invite all parts a visit of or the correspondence world. ,looking toward business relations,assuring you- that your
Available Phosphoric Add..... .....< ... 6to 8" favors shall at all times receive Intelligent and careful attention
Insoluble Phosphoric .. .,. 1 to 2 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
Sulphate. ...... .... .16 to 18 "
Potash .. ....' 8 to 10" President. Cashier.
Made from Nitrate of Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia, Blood, Bone, Dissolved Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.

.Bone, Sulphate and Muriate of Potash. _______ ____ __

A Selected Lot of Fine Seed- Potatoes. I SEEDS SEEDS SEEDS !IA

Improved Eearly Rose No. 4, Carmen No. 1, Rural New Yorker No. 2, and FULL STOCK OF

other leading Melons varieties.For use IDEAL. FERTILIZER. Correspondence solicited. A large New Field and Garden Seeds

stock of Potash, Blood and Bone, Cotton Seed Meal, and Agricultural Chemicals.Get .
our prices before buying. ADAPTED TO THE SOUTH.


"The Fertilizer House of Florida."
RED AND YELLOW, $4.00 per Bushel.

Jacksonville, .' Florida. WHITE, $4ir,0" *

Send for price list. .- -. ;

New York Market. receipts'light,quality,and condition gen- L. CAMERON, Seedsman,

erally poor, and sales are made within a Jaolcaon-villo, 1 oriel .. .
There has been fair
Oranges.- a supplyof
range of 40 to 50c per quart, although
Florida fruit arriving, for which trade choice stock in prime condition would OUR GRADES OF STOCKS GIVE SATISFACTION.
is.rather quiet, the demand being largely sell considerably higher. Cauliflower Myrobolau Plum-:Mahaleb Cherry-Mazzard Cherry-Manrtti Rose-Apple-Pear-Quince:
supplied with California! For original box 3.00 Raise your own Seed lings.-If ypu have ground to It is cheaper and you can raise enough
most of the sales reported are in scarce, per orange to 5.00; per to supply other growers We can supply 5 on with Fresh French. Japan and American Seeds
packages barrel. 7.00 to 10.00; avoid cutting too and Kama for budding and grafting. Samples and prices from
range of 2.50 to 3.50,as to qaulity and con small, ventilate packages., Green peas, THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS. CERMAfTOWX, PA.
dition; an occasional lot strictly fancy per crate or basket, 2.00 to 4.00. String

fruit brings 4.00and rarely 4.50, but salesat beans, green, per crate: or basket, 1.75 to BUSINESS. NEWS.. t Bradley RedfldA Eugene B. Redjleld."
the latter. figure are very exceptional. 2.50; wax, 1.50 to 2.50. Cucumbers, -
Strictly fancy Mandarins,Tangerines and scarce per crate or basket, 3 50 to 5.00. Advertisements are becoming more and ESTABLISHED 1871.
grape fruit are in fair demand and firm, Tomatoes, choice-to fancy ripe, per car- more business news. The advertisementsin REDFIELD & SON,
but it requires superlative quality to reach rier, 2.50 to 3.50; green, 1.00 to 2.00. Eggplants our columns are items of business news
outside !ions. given for the interest of intending Commission Merchants
.quota per orange box, 1.50 to 2.00; per pur-
Florida,fancy, per box,4.00; usual lots, : barrel, 8.00 to 4.00. Peppers, per carrieror chasers. If you intend to buy goods of -A3XD-
2.50 to 3.50; russets, prime, 2.50 to 3.25; box, 2.00 to 3.00. Lettuce, per basket, any kind that you need, the first thing
E Tangerines, Fla.,8.00 to 10.00; Mandarins, >0c to 1.50. Celery, per bunch, 25 to 50c. you should do'is to consult the many and Fruit Auctioneers
Fla., 4.00 to 7.00; grape fruit, Fla.,4.00 to New potatoes,no demand,and we do not varied announcements of those who have ,
9.00. advise shipments .at present. Oranges, such goods to sell. These announce- 141 Dock Street,Philadelphia, Pa.
Southern Vegetables-We have had a ments are made through the advertising
Florida choice to russets .
fancy bright or We handle all.kinds of Fruits and Vegetables
fair supply of Florida green vegetables 2.50 to 4.00. Grape fruit, 6.00 to 8.00. columns of the papers. Well gotten up either at private sale(which has heretofore been
; byexpress and freight. A good many lots 8.00 to 12.00. advertisements should be of as much interest -
Tangerines, custom the auction
our )or by system (recently
arrived frosted other to the reader the columns of
of all kinds have or REDFIELD & SON. ; as
added business desire.
to )
our as you may
wise inferior, and there has been an extremely reading matter. Read the advertise
slow outlet for such. Most of the In transplanting evergreens the roots ments and you will be able to save your-
supply has been of string beans and let should be wrapped with damp straw or self many a dollar in the course of a

tuce. The former sold pretty well earlyin hay as soon as they are taken out of the year. QUICK WORK
the week but have since declined ,
; ground, and protected in this way. until
t few late sales of freight beans exceed 75c set out again In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
to 1.00 per.crate, and some have not been Japanese Plums.-The BurbankYellow Popular Science etables shipped to us Is our,motto. wlj
; rworth freight R .l1y'fine young white Japan, Abundance and other Japanese FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
Refugee, however, are still reaching;;1.25, plums seem meeting with favor, doing Nature,Invention, BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
and a few express lots go a little higher. well generally wherever tried,being good Botany Electricity HEAL II our 40 years experience without default
MtllO ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing
Chemistry, DI\ -dlI'ine,
Fancy wax would bring pretty good prices, flavored, good shippers and good for market Hygiene. and financial stability which any bank or
but common stock sells no better than Whether or not curculios will not merchants having mercantile: reports can:
common green. Lettuce has been quite take to them kindly or not remains to be Formerly BOSTON JOURNAL of CHEMISTRY verify-then METHOD WILL try ua-WE SATISFY BELIEVE YOU Send OUR

plenty and favoring buyers, closing lower seen. It has been said they will not. It ENLARGED AND IMPROVED. your name for our quotations. Stencil and
and irregular. Florida cucumbers are is said of them that they bloom a little Contains a large number of Short, Easy,Practical cards free. Letters promptly answered
very scarce, and fancy lots bring highfigures. ahead of ordinary sorts. ,Interesting and Popular, Scientific article
New squash quiet, but steady. Fan- that can be appreciated and enjoyed by any intelligent FRENCH & CO.,
While farmers, or any other owners of reader,even though he knew little or
cy would, sound sell and fairly bright-colored, but most of the egg receiptsare plants strips of ground, are forming their reso- nothing of Sci Ince.FROFUSEbY, 116 Warren St., New York.
and such lutions for the new year, let a little com- ILLUSTRATED of
off color t r soft spotted, ESTABLISHED
without profitable values. Florida mon sense impel them to include a berry I 1855.
are beets are quiet; a few Charleston new garden in their plans for early spring.I FREE FROM TECHNICALITIES.
but late arrivalsare Not only every farmer or owner of a good- ,.
bunch beets high, -
I sized lot but ambitious Newsdealers 10 ents. $1 Year.
frosted and offered lower. A village every boy per
or girl should be encouraged j in fruitgrowing The approved way to serve the pos
this for
fair call for fancy large and ripe toma- PP Mention paper a sample.
toes; all small or defective lots are greatly and have a little garden, with the sum is to stuff him with chestnuts and

neglected, and values show wide range; profits thereof. Business men, profes- Largest Circulation of any roast him with sweet potatoes or yams.
few sales above 1.00 to 2.00. sional men or teachers, broken with care, Scientific Paper In the World. When served he has something of the
health add of
regain failing ,
Beets, Fla., new, per crate, 75c to 1.00. pleasure may to life, and put money years in their PUBLISHED BY flavor of a roasted suckling pig, but
Cucumbers.. Fla.. fanc crate,3.50 to
Per his flesh is finer in and
purses,by growing: small fruits. __ grain more
i 4.00;; common to fair. 2.00 to 8.00. Eggplants JiENJT. LILLJJtD, New York.
Fla., perbbl.. box, 75c to 1.50; Many orchards are being starved while delicate. Among negroes everywhere,

per bbl., 1.00 to 2.00. Lettuce, Fla., per the unproductive.owner wonders A recognition why his of trees the fact are Mr. H. B. Stevens, manager ol the especially at this season, he is regarded -

-bbl. basket, 750 to 1.50. Peas, Fla., per that they cannot give what they have not Bishop Hoyt Orange Grove Company, as a prime delicacy, and there is no
crate, 1.50 to 2.50; per basket, 1.50 to 2.75. received will soon lead to the applicationof of Citra, Fla., accompanied by his son I real plantation darkey whose mouth
Peppers, Fla., per crate or carrier, 75c to the remedy. Potash is a good fertil- was in Orlando Wednesday, to look will not water at the very mention of
Fla. white crate
1.25. Squash, per ,
izer for fruit trees particularly after they the At this
; name. season they
beans Fla. wax crate, after his own pineapple interests here. are
to 1.00. String per i
Wood ashes and
basket crate 1.00 come into.bearing. mu- I He has of beautiful Smooth very fat on account of the abundanceof
750 to 2.50; express, or riate of potash also furnish the ingredients one acre
to 1.50; green, freight, per crate, 50c to needed. !. Cayennes planted on the Myers1 home food, and particularly on account of

Sf 1.00. Tomatoes, South Fla., per carrier, .. i place, one mile northeast of Orlando, their large consumption of persimmons
1.00 to 2.50.Philadelphia. BRONCHITIS. Sudden changes of the which delicious fruit abounds in
... which, under the care of Mr. Thomas ,
Markets. weather cause Bronchial Troubles. in the of profusion all through the South,
: '-'roirn'* Bronchial Troche*" will give Arnold, are very pink great
Philadelphia,January 5.-Strawberries, effective relief condition.-Orlando Sentinel -Florida Facts, .

,- .... '"''''r- .<' -,,-Jr.
'' .


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fa **>*/ -A. %**4 -.18#* ,;:

The Sofa Bean Crop.' Phosphoric acid,. 356 Ibs., valued I' '

(Concluded from last,week). at 50., $17.oo.Potash I I Successful ..
. ,. 570 Ibs., valued at 5} c.L| : ;:
struck with the
,was particularly $31.00. l

great number of tubercles on the' This.!does, ,not take into account the |'I .

roots. I noticed them first when the tons of matter that will become humus of fruits: berries
growers ,
plants were about half grown,. and, when the, .,cropjs,all returned to the and all kinds of
from then ''until month after the' ; vegetables, -
a land after having been fed to sleek.. '., p
crop :was_cut, when the roots beganto And though this, may, not be a direct know that the largest yields and

die. The tubercles varied in fertilizer,it,will have a beneficial effect best quality are J produced by

diameter from one-eighth to one-half in improving: the texture of the the liberal use of fertilizers

inch. From a quantity gathered, I soil, enabling it ,to retain more mois I least of

calculated that at the time there were., ture' and rendering the stored up materials containing. at 10% Shortest Quickest Most Attractive;

fifteen hundred pounds in the'field.This more.available. .

is not by any means an estimateof "The sources from which these elements Actual Potash.Without :ROUTEBETWEEN

the quantity ,developed during,the I iof fertility have been derived | '

season, as they grew, decayed and [make_a difference. in.:their worth to the liberal use of Pot FLORIDA ,POINTS AND THE NORTH r

new ones developed in succession for us. If allure, taken from the first few i THE
ash soils
more than two months. The amountof inches.ofthe soil, where most of our on sandy it is impos- Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
assimilated from the atmosphere sible ,to fruits berries and
nitrogen ; crops obtain their food, deterioration grow ,
during this time must have in fertility will! be the immediate re- vegetables of a quality that will THROUGH ROUTE

been great. They were clustered suit. But whilst a small percentage command best New York to Jacksonville by
the prices. New Florida R.
R. :
Pennsylvania to Washington -
chiefly on the main root stalk, and of the, mineral constituents of soja I I I All about Potash-the results of its actual ex- and I Southern Railway to*
along the roots that ran 'near the surface !.beans may"come from the surface, it periment on the best farms in the Unite: States-is Air Line. Columbia Peninsular, Florida to all Central principal&
so can see the need,of more told in a little book which we publish and will gladly points in Florida.
you very is thin'probable that ,those deep Bail free to any farmer in America who will write fur it.
shallow cultivation. Where the roots Cincinnati to Han iman Junction -
running.roots are.in search of larger GERMAN KALI WORKS,
by Queen & Crescent,
Nassau St..New York.
passed through a decayed corn :stubble stores further down, from whence 03 Harriman Junction to Asbe-

or other decayed vegetable matter, they could not be' profitably broughtby & vllle ern and Railway Columbia, and by Florida"South-'

the nodules were more plentiful, which any other agency. It is well established FAIRVIEW PINERY. Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular Columbia
shows the value in this of J to Jacksonville.
respect :however, that the nitrogen, ' r Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
humus in the land. Separate samplesof the, most costly of the fertilizers, is Cincinnati Queen &; Crescent to Chattanooga -

the nodules and roots are now in with the. .soja,beans, taken almost entirelyfr'oln .Choice and Florida ette,Florida, Southern Central K'y&to Penin-Ever

the hands of,Mr. Richard H.:: Gaines, ; the,air.' Limited. sular to all important Florida,

Chemist, of the 'Virginia Departmentof Why cannot we. Southern farmers Pineapple points.Kansas City Fort Scott &
Agriculture, for the purpose of determining grow more of this crop? Give some Kansas City Memphis R.R.to Kansas Citr
Jackenale 1 to Birmingham Southern BTrto '
the amount of f nitrogen they of the land a rest;.from corn and plant Thro' Line Everette Fla. Central&:'
contain. beans instead.' A farmers Plants. Peninsular to all Fla. points.
great many .
OF. .,._ St. Louis to Jacknnvllle by
Any one who has seen how horses winter,their stock exclusively on coma Cairo Short Line to Du Quoin,

cattle and sheep eat the fodder will good'( d", but not good enough -+'POR .SAI4E.. t- Holly Sp'Route.. I Illinois Kansas Central City, Memphis to Holly&Sp'Birmingham 'gs"":".

not question its palatableness. If advantageously t fatten our stock for J to Birmingham,Sou

put in the kilo with corn, half; of each, the, market. or- keep our horses and Smooth Cayenne, !II! Home Grown l II l R'y Sioux to City Everette&Chicago and F.to C.Jack&:P..

the two make nearly a perfect; feed. mulch cows in the best productive con sonville. Ill. Cent to Holly
dition. Feed bean ,with Holly Sp'gsRoute.. }Sp'gs. K., C. !I. & B. to Bir
The beans have made excellent qual- ,soja hay the mingham, Sou. R'y to Ever
ities. When harvesting, if' they get corn 'and,they" will do far better. It ABBAKA PLANTS- SPECIALTY.'TV. ette and the F.C. &P. '

wet, they are not' damaged. Other isnbtvt6b"e. supposed,'.that three tons New Orleans Junction.Louis'ille&Nash'ille F. C. & to P.Rive only

beans would be ,sprouting and rotting to'the .acre of soja bean hay can be ,F.. N., PRICE: ,,, To }route with through sleepers"Jacklo'vll1e
when the sojas will come through grown on all land, but it is poor land Jacksonville.The between New. Orleans and'

sound and yellow as a guinea. Rats that will',not bring one ton. That I P. 0. Box 449.- ,- ORLANDO I FLA. F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track In

and weevils do not touch.them. We would be much better than buying I Florida Tobacco running Regions through, the

left three bushels ,in a barrel for four hay, which'many Southern farmers HOP GROWN" f Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
: Peach and Strawberry Lands,'
years where these destroyers had free do. Try a field next year. T. W: : Orange,Banana and Pineapple(Country.

access. At the end of this period Wood & Son,' Richmond, Va can Phosphate Belt.IIas "'
I the Silver Spring and
there was the same quantity, untouched sell you the seed, and then let the editor Pineapple Slips I Other Fine Scenery.The .

by weevils and free from, musti- of the Planter know how they do. Great Reaches Hunting the Noted Country.Fishing Ground

ness. As feed for hogs, 'theyjsurpass Southern Planter.Permanent and SuckersOf Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety .
e of soils in the State and above all '
corn. Many people who imagine
Low Fruit Prices. the Following Varieties Runs over the Central Rldgeland
they are drinking ,the best, ,coffee are Where It Is High and Healthy. '
often using a mixture composed largely President Hobbs, of the Indiana Prosperous towns fill its route and.It offers .

of soja beans. As ,long as' :the Horticultural,Society, believes that the FlaR,t SALE:' the the best Northern freight markets.facilities for any'produce...to.

manufacturers of coffee (?) use nothing day of extravagant prices for fruit has I Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
to ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN free) and note the towns on its route.
passed never return. Unusually
more injurious, we farmers will I A.O.M.toDONELLG.P.A"
not complain.The low.prices. uled this year,,.he says,'because I I II QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY f Jacksonville, .,

'spring :opened simultaneously : QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER- -

amount:of nutrients in soja over a wide range of country, and because e 1 I i NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. The Fla, ,Cent & Peninsular. R, R,
bean hay is: of protein, 10.78 lbs.; ''fruit
all kinds of bore liberally.But .
lbs fat to Offers. Shippers
carbohydrates, 38.72 :; 1.54 Apply
he looks for a long period during
lbs. According to analysis, there- which the happy'condition will prevailof'plenty G. 0.,MATTHAMS, The Shortest and Quietest, Route '
fore it stands ahead of the best red
of fruit at reasonable prices Florida Pineapple Company,
clover hay. When we'consider that, FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS
for the consumer and at remunerative Or to .;
under equal conditions, twice the 't THE EAST AND WEST.
prices for the producer, The reasonable
. quantity of soja beans can always be I t :MADDOCK & MATTHAMS, With .Improved Ventilated Cars,this company -
price to the consumer, he says, is is better equipped than ever ever tohandle '
grown on the same area I in this cli brought about by the cheapened meth- West Palm Beach, Fla the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and
mate, its value can be appreciated.The Insure close connections and prompt despatchto .
ods of growing'' and handling and the all Eastern and Western Markets.
excellence of soja bean ,hay as a while the 1 Through oars to destination with
cheaper transportation, flhI
grower '
feed indicates its manurial:value., an is to'profit through wider markets. 1lf011ltlDlG O '( out change or,delay.
important item with all feeds that I Perishable freight followed by wire'and
Philadelphia Grocery World. i'orroUl'name and add.reuoa.po card,we t shippers advised time passing various Junction
should not be overlooked, but, which '" I irtll tell you how to make the best wire fenceNEWMAMMOTH points and arrival at destination. -
the.majority of us do not fully. realize. The St. Cloud sugar mill will con on ig-earth ,"orse-hIP.a&the actUAl wholesale bullstronK.and eodof wire. I All adjusted.claims for overcharges and loss prompty -
BoxB. -
Here is an approximate calculation of tinue to .run, for, about, two weeks yet Kltselman Bros. RldgeYllle'lnci.. 4 I See that your goods are marked

the value'in'fertilizers, after the stock er9.the crop is made up. The mill .. ..-jUt. .,4'irtxart a 'n" r via F. C. & P. R. R. -.4

have taken from it all they can utilize, is now running,at its full capacity and For information: call on.address- the undersigned -

of the thirty three tons the twelve turning out an ,excellent quality of raw C.'E. TAYLOR Trav.A'gt,Ocala,Fla.
The refining will not be doneat Poultry Guide for 1897.8cm W. B. TUCKER,Gen.A'R't,Orlando, FlL .
acres produced: sugar-: fHn*entirely new;Almost 100 P&ItIII;con- O.M.HOLDEN Trav. A'gt.Leesbunr. Flat:
St. Cloud owing to the fact that it f.tains lithograph plate of Fowls in:natnriJr W.R. FULLER.Trar. A'irH.Tampa'Fl& *
; ,
Nitrogen, 1,225; Ibs., valued .at colors;plan for poultry boose*remedies Or N.S. PENNINGTON.Traffic Manager.
'' better to have it done North. ,1*alul recipes for all diseases jhow to make
pays ? Jacksonville,Ffiu
I7C., $214.00. ''I and Gardening payonly 1lcenq.
Kissimmee Valley. John Baaicher,Jr.,Box MFrtepoxt, ',HL. W ,H. FLBA8ANT8, Genenl.FrelgatAfft


.':1897.t:-.. .. .--- -'. .--. TI.,. ":.,tottmA-lJ.1tlfft..A..ND.,. .. .:. '..._A c.t.Pt1IGROWxB.-.t".".,! "po, ____ -_--' --. _-- _,,------.___ ***.w..,29-

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__ 2 1 H." 1'IEI.]I : / BOOK' ; 71, d."0'I :{L 1:0:Rv 1- ,

..,.. ',:.' ., :,<..,
:'. (. :- ;;Ys
: ; '1.6 Main Street, ,sJACESONVILLE -. '.

: = = -;; 1 t: IDA,
Would Announce 4.
.ot. .
That They :Hare Made ., ;.

: : Special Preparations ifLI 1 A : ,,;'_?;' '.
1 .
-. 0 4 .". ..

:". For: 0 ...'.,0,.. .,...oJ. } : i"t r1. ,'._.'."',;:
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IT MlMi 4PflV| YOU .i THEY ARE.THE' ,,:..''



-- --- -- -
THEY. are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver in ',

.. the Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, Wedding. Announcements -,. :}' '
write to us for samples and prices. .J:; y 1
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A Cheap Farm Paint. The Manatee County Lemon Com FOR SALE Two Leon county farms 480 acres TIOWKBR'S ANIMAL MEAL. Toirakehens
390 acres.: Excellent fo stock raising and JJ lay and chicks grow. Our little book the ..
Some of our exchanges have resur pany. will plant about So acresin tobacco growing' w. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville, Egg tells all about 11. E. W. AMSDEN.9iotf -
Fla. 824-tf Ormond Fla.TTTIRE .
rected an old recipe for a cheap farm potatoes in January.Manatee ,

paint with which we had long been River Journal. NURSERY TREES-I WILL HAVE 20,000 best
of the most popular varietiesfor NETTING, goods for the least
familiar, but which does not seem to Strawberries thrive almost anywherein delivery this fall and winter. Send in your YV i money.Ormond Write for latest price list B. W. -
AMSDEN, ,Fla. o-io-tf
orders now,and be sure to fret what you want.
be known the merits of Florida with cultivation and
as widely as proper Pric s and particulars on application. W. K.

the paint deserve. It consists of but fertilizing. ,As a profitable market crop Trimble,Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla. GRASS (PASPALUM PLA-

neither of which is facilities and cost of transportationshould i2-26-tf LOUISIANA) grass for lawns and permanent
two ingredients
be well considered."CENTAWORD". pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000, by express; 35
expensive, the one being skimmilkand NO EQUALS IN THR STAT SATSUMAtrees cents per hundred,postage paid. W.H.. POWERS,
on sweet stock, Hart's Late. Dancy Lawtey Fla.MCNEIL .
the other a good article of hydraulic Tangerines ard Parson Brown, budded low

cement. The cement is placed,in COLUMN. trained to sticks. Buds 4 to 7 fret high. Limited PEAS Or&nge Trees and Buds.
stock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, 'jn-
of the celebrated McNeil
a bucket and sweet skim,milk is grad. ,RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, terlachen Fla. 1010.15TTURSERY Peas. A few Tardiff supply and Parson Brown trees on

< ually added, stirring constantly, until one week 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents Nothing good rt'ong four roots, also a few thousand buds
taken for less than 25 cents.. TREES.-CARNEY. PARSON for rale. Will guarantee safsfaction in every
the mixture is of about the consistencyof Advertisements for this column KbST be ', Grape Fruit budded low on case. W. H. Mann, Manvllle, Putnam county
good cream. The stirring must be paid. pre sour stock,at very reasonable prices. Florida. 9":26WANTED
6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake,Eta.
done in order that Send than two cents.
very thoroughly no stamps larger A LARGE QUANTITY OF CHI-
the mixture flow readily trom the Initials and figures count as one word. FOR RENT.-AT STANTON, FLA., A MOD- tree on sour stock, 3 or may well-built House of Ten Rooms,which old. Also, some Lemon trees on trifoliata
brush, but if too thin it will run when F JR "SALE OR EXCHANGE. new 200- gg is well plumbed containing bath-room closet stocK. State price and particulars.
and all modern convenience, which I desire to
Incubator.ftod Brooder. Address "D. 12-58 Box New Orleans La.
applied to the building and look tf Care of Farmer and Fruit Grower. let tor the season, at$25 per month.
F. C.BUFFUM. Westerly.R.
streaked.. The proportions should be -THOROUGH-BRED BLACK
SALE--Prairie State Incubator. loo-egg WANTED.
based upon about a gallon of the milk, FOR -new-at a bargain Will exchange for FOR SALE-THRF.E PAIRS CHINESE horns, Black Laneshans Cocks. ,We and have Pekin White Ducks Leg for
as tnis will make a convenient quan- fowls. 2-9-3' J. POWELL. Cocoa. FlaT Geese; also b .t strain Light Brahma sale EXCHANGE. J-'ggsin season,
Chickens. Sold at a sacrifice. Write for prices.
tity to mix when one person is to apply >EAUTIFUL- .-NightHocmingQueen Iruitland Park, Fla 12263 J. M. ROOKS. I LYMAN BROS., Melbourne, Fla.
X) Cereus! 25c; California grown Calla Lily
it. If much is the
too prepared, SALEFullblooded Brown LeghornRoos
bu b? warranted to bloom this season 2oc plants
cement will set and harden before it 300; Zanzavarina,150; Strobilanthus 150; Ota- VINELAND JERSEY the past SWEET season a FQTATOES.fine crop of ers. Price,f t.oo each. PUDDY.
hette Orange soc; California Violets ioc.a-jear thesepotatots for hotel and table use, and seed Lawtey
is used. To this quantity of milk add Lantana
olds, 250; Lady ampbell same price; stock later. For prices write to,
about a quart of the cement. Probably "Sunrise 150; Pink Oleander, 150: Carnations Crescent City. Fla. t-2-3 D. DA WES. RELIABLE BUCKEYE NURSE-
ioc; Spotted-leaf Begonia 150. Hundreds of oth OLD
I hive still on hand unsold about
e a little more than ,this will be ers. RUML Y'S'. ROSE uARDEN, ten thousand extra-fine trees consisting of Wal
required, the operator using judgment Ktuka: Lake Fla HERD ,with young Jersey Bull. ters' Grape Fruit. ParsonBrown, Tangerine and
other varieties. In order to close out will offer
to have it thin enough to flow CUBAN TOBACCO SEED FOR SALE- Summit 1-2-3 Nurseries. Monticello Fla. snme at very low price for next 30 days. Address
from the brush and yet not thin quality..Vuelta Abajo my importation. Tampa Fla. 12-26-4 M. E. GILLETT.
Three dollars per pound, twenty cents per
enough to run after it has been applied. ounce,postpaid Address, CARLOS NUNKZ- 5 0,000 IMPROVED NEWNAN STRAWberry HOENIX NURSERIES.-A CHOICE SEP
Plant-very fine-for sale. t-2
A flat brush about four inches wideis Saint Leo, Pasco Co., Florida. Thoraasville Oa. T. E. BLACKSHEAR.3 .lection of Citrus Trees at bottom prices, No
back numbers. Fourteen in the business.
a good implement with which to CALLA LILY BULBS-California grown, Send for price list before buying.years
large, 20 cents, free by mail. Plantsin SALE OR EXCH\NGE.-GAM3 CHICK- PHOENIX NURSERIES,
lay the paint on. It is to be used justas FOR
8-inch pots for Easter blooming, SO cents. and a lot of fine chicken gaff: 12-26-12 Braidentown,Fla.
oil paint is used and can be appliedto RUMLEY'S ROSE GARDEN, Keuka, Fla. Also Middle Georgia property

woodwork old and brickor SALE. 1-2-2 Box 85, i11edge-i11e, Ga. SALE.-TWO THOUSAND THRIFTY
Fruit Seedlings a'so Seedbed 8 ed- Seedlings. One hundred Cherry
stone. When dry the color is a lfnge that will increase: ten-fold in two years with WANT-SWEET ORANGE SEED. AD- Laur-l-a fine evergreen. A n.*rly new loo-egg

light creamy brown, or might be call proper care.-:Semioole; Nursery, H. FRIED LAND KR. Incubator. A. J. ALDRICH,
Fort Meade Fla. t-a-5 V. B. WItBSTItR. i'2-3 Interlacben, Fla. 12-26-8 Orlando, Fla.
ed a yellowish stone color. This;paint

has a good body, gives a smooth fin, FOR SALE-HOME-GROWN,fresh from large tree. Also CAMPHOR Leona dy

ish and works well. The operatorcan Pomelo. Tangerine, Tardiff Homossssa, Navel
try it first upon an outhouse 12-3 St. Petersburg, Fla.

fence to see how it pleases him and to BUDS ,
on Rough Lemon Stocks.
learn in an experimental way how to SPLENDID Don't Have to wait a lifetime
to get an income. J. P. DONNELLY;
prepare and apply it.-Southern' 1-2-6 Mt. Dora, Florida. C. M. MARSH, Proprietor.



A New Use for Our Corn. Planting Melons, either for market or home .
use should buy their seed of me. I have all variet4es Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
The important announcement is ,and to those purchasing of me I furnish
full direc'ions growing,giving each purchaser
made that a Chicago ":man, has discovered the benefit of my fifteen years in Melon Growing.
for Monticello,Fl*. W. M. GIRARDEAU.
a process manufacturingwhite

powered,sugar,from corn. The I REED POTATOEfj.-Earliest and2nd General Nursery Stock.THE
most productive kinds for the South; .
actual tests were mad':sometime since, I New Queen. Thorburn, Early Hebron,

and were entirely successful. The 1 Early Norther, Burpee's Extra Early.
i Prices very low. Free pamphlet.
Chicago Sugar' Refilling -Company is Crop i JNO. C. PEARCE & Co. LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF
W. Main St.
a 430 Louisville Ky.
now tinning out an'article of powdered -

sugar, made wholly from corn, thatis CITRUS NURSERY TREES. Orange Lemon Lime and Grapefruit Trees

equal to anything on the market. All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices. Car ,

It is a secret process, and the state ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet. Paper
Rind St. Michael, Pierces' Ruby. Jaffa Pineapple
ment is made that it.is. expected to Majorca, Cunningham Hcmosassa and We Make a Specialty of .
Hart's Late Ptrnambuco, Improved Triumph,
eventually make grades even to a
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless Grape
yellow sugar. This latter will be I Fruit, Satsuma, Tangerine and King All fine SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.
one year-old buds, on four and five year old
used principally by the breweries in I Rough Lemon, Grap. Fruit and Sour stock. Will

the manufacture of beer. bud dormant on contract to any van-tie*parties SEE OUR LIST BELOW.
may desire. Fine Kumquat Redwood for sale.
This new sugar has been put upon Correfpondence toliciied. Address C. W. Fox, Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees, it fine trees and bedrock
the market at some Jic. less than the Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park. Lake prices will do It. We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour.
Co., Fla. I Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots, as follows :
trust price. It is not of quite so fine
a grain as the regular powdered sugar, JL Brahma Cockerels and Pu'lets $1.00 to 2 00. ORANGES.
Plymouth Rock Pallets, $1.00 each. From prize LEMONS
but this is claimed as an advantage, winners. MKS. GOMPERTS, Dancy Tangerine Eureka (seedless) .

as it will not cake or become'lumpy. 6 mos Lady Lake,.Fla. Satsuma(seedless' ) Belair Premium and Genoa. /.
King. :
It possesses 97 per cent. of saccharine 40 WEST BAY STREET. Mandarin. POMELO or GRAPEFRUIT. ::'' ',' .

strength, against 98 per cent. of the King Kumquats Tangerine.(oblong and round). Marsh Seedless. ft'.,
regular powdered sugar.If Dr. W I P. GOMilLLY Dentist. Ruby Blood. Excelsior. ':.
Joppa Late, (Seedless) Aurantium (sweet rind)
all the expectations of the pat Pineapple. Halls.
(Graduate Dental Department Universityof ..
Valencia Late.
entee are met it will revolutionize the Maryland ) Parson Brown, LIMES. :; ".

sugar business of the, United States. Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all other St. Michael Blood, (paper rind) ,, Tahiti (seedless) '>'
This is particularly important to the work done under the mos modern methods Jaffa, (Sanford's). MISCELLANEOUS. "
im Residence 304 West Ashley Street. Hart' Tardiff, (Sanford's).
West, which produces the corn. It is Centennial. Plums Chestnuts and.
TREES VINES .Boone's Early.'Mediterranean. V Persimmon Trees. '
important to this city, which should Sweets, (Sanford's.) Strawberry and Pineapple Plants, etc.For .
have a sugar refinery. No other section :PLANTS and NUT TREES. .'
should be permitted to manufacture For Southern Orchards, Gar descriptive catalogue and price-list, apply to ,.)
dens and Groves No agents.
our raw material for us.-Omaha ,. Write for price list. C. M.: MARSH: ',r

Trade Exhibit. JENNINGS NURSERY CO., -
Lt elands Fla..i"l .;
Thomatvllle Ga.
9-26-25 .,,'

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t. SAVANNAH LINE 4Ji : ::-',

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G : M. SORREL, Manager. I _j jdY ..1'tk11 4 r .

,.. The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as '
follows : ?lt ,, 'i9 ; o,


Pier 34, North Klver-3 P. M.
City of Birmingham........... .. .... ............ .;.............. ...Saturday,Jan. 3 ..
La Grande Ducheue....................... ... ................:-..................Tuesday;Jan.5
City of Augusta........................ ......... .......................... .. Thursday, Ian. 7 .
Kansas City..Saturday,Jan. 4Q4P
City of Birmingham............................... .. ..................... ,... Tuesday, Jan. ia \ : t, .
: La Grande Duchesie ....;....................... ............... ................Thursday Jan. 14 \
City of Augusta............ ......................... .... ......................Saturday, Jan. J6Kania. : .C44
Kansas CIty........ ...... .. ...........; .................... ... .............. Tuesday,Jan. 19 4 ;?
City of Birmingham. '.. ...............................................4.Thursday: Jan.21
La Grande Dnchesse............. .... ................ ... ... .................. Saturday, Jan. 24 ( .9P.ld.rY1 f/E1
City of Augusta....... ... ................................................ Tuesday,Jan. 26 c
Kansas City................"............................. :.. ................Thursday,Jan. 28 .(74
City of Birmingham..... .; ............. ......................................Saturday,Jan. 30
G.M. SORRELL, Manager, New Pier No.35, North River.


Nacoochee ................ ...................................... ............'.........Friday, Jan. i
Chattahoochee.,...... ......... ... .................. .. ........................Monday Jan. 4
Tallahassee..........................................................,............Thursday,Jan. 7 Finitt Cuisine and Service. No Transfer Between Jacksonville and yew York
Nacoochee ........... ......... ........ .......... .. ........................Wednesday, Jan..13 "
Chattahoochee....... .....,......................................................Saturday,Jan..16 The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Tallahassee. .. ............;......... ........._..............................."...Tuesday,, an. 19
Nacoocbee....................................................'''! .................Monday, Jan. 25; &' Comanche" (new) "ilgonpn "Cherokee "Seiinole'
Chattahoochee..... ................. ... ...........................: ...........Thursday, Jan.: 28 Iroquois, .
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents,Lewis's Wharf. '

Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. P. M.
>ETBAMSR: are appointed to sail according: to:the tide."i

Gate City.................... ... .............. .....,............................. .Tuesday, Jan.SCity From JACKSONVILLE,FLA. (calling Charleston),.._.... ....... .
of Macon. ...................... ............................................Sunday,Jan. 10 Sundays,Tuesdays andThursdayi.Erom
Gate City.............. .......... .......... .......... .....' ;...................Friday Jan. 15 CHARLESTON C., ....................... ...... ......... Mondays;Wednesdays and Fridays
City of Macon....... .. ............................," ......................Wednesday,Jan. 20 For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston dally papers
GateCl ................ ............................. ...... ........ ... ..... Monday, Jan.25 a.. '
City of Macon........................ ......... .. ....... ..., .......Saturday;Jan.30 SOUTH BOUND. r. >
M. C. HAMMOND,Agent, 13 South Third Street. ', '
Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

Central (90( Meridian) Time-as below. CHARLESTON, S. C., ............................................Mondays, Wednesdays and FridaysFor

t City of Augusta.......Saturday, Jan. a, 5 30 p. La Gr'de Duchesse..Tuesday,Jan. 19,S 30 p m. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) ............ .. ...Mondays,_Wednesdays and Fridays
Kansas City.. ......Tuesday, Jan.5,7.00 p.m'l City of Augusta.-.Thursday: Jan. 2r,6 oo p. m.
City of Birm'gh'm....Ths'day,Jan. 7,9 30 a. Kansas City........Saturday,Jan.23. 7 oo p. m.
La Gr'de Ducnesse..Saturday: ,Jan. 9, II.OO a. m. City of Birm'gh'm..Tuesday,Jan. 26, Ii oo noon CLYDE'S ST. Jottfts tIVEt UlftS
City of Augusta Tuesday, Jan. I2, 1.00 p. m.
Kansas City........ Thursday,Jan. 14,3 oo p,m La Gr'de :h esse.. uuuay.Jan.2,23op.m.
City of Birnvh'm... Saturday, Jan. 16, 4.30 p. m. City of Augusta......Saturday: Jan.30; '4 30 p. m. DE GARY LINE.

SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Jacksonville, Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla. and Intermediate

Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. Landings on the St. Johns River '
Tallahaisee..Friday, Jan. i, 4 30 p.m. Nacoochee: ..........Tuesday, Jan. IQ,E 30 p. m
... .... ....... The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer
Nacoochee: Thursday. Jan. 7, 7.00 p. m. Chattahoochee Friday Jan. st, 7 oo p m.
Chattahoochee........SundayJan. 10 900 a m. Tallahassee........Monday, Jan. 25, 1000 p.m. CITY OF' lACKSONVI LB,"
Tallahassee......Wednesday, Jan. 13, s oo p.m. Nacoochee: .............Sunday,Jan. 31,S oo a.m.
SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.Central ls appointed to sail as follows:

(90 Meridian) Time-as below. Leave Jacksonville: ........:........... ......,,,........ Sundays, Tuesdays and Friday at 3.30 p. m.
of Macon.......Tuesday,Jan.S, 7.00 p. m I Gate City..........Wednesday Jan.20,7.00 p.m. Returning Leave Sanford...................;....Mondays. Wednesdays and Saturdays at 9 co a. m.
Gate City............Sunday,Jan. 10,9 oo a. m. I City of Macon.....Monday,Jan. 25, n.ooa. m.
City of Macon .....Friday,Jan. 15, 4.00 p. m. | Gate City...... ..Saturday, Jan:; o,4.30 p. m. SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULU. NORTHBOUND.
WALTER HAWKINS,, Fla. P.A., W. J. FARRKLL, Sol. Agt., Read Down. Read Up.
Jacksonville: Florida Leave 330 p. m. ........................ackJonville............ ... ...... Arrive 3.30a.m.
w.&ARNOLD G.T. P.A., C.G.ANDERSON,AGENT. 8-45 p. m. ...................... .... Palatn.................... ...... Leave 9.00 p. m.
Savannah Ga II 3.00 a. m. .__................... ... .Astor............................ 4.0op.m.
4-30 a m. .................. ......... st. Francis......................... .. m,
W. I.. BOUR3. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. HOURS. .................... .......................... Beresford .............._.......... u 2.30 1.30 p.p. m.
Arrive 8.30 a. m. .............. ..... .... Sanfcn'd.........._.. ......._ _.... to 9.00 a. m
u a. S a. m. ................... .... Enterprise................... ...... u mSo. .
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., ......... .... I...................... Fla R. R. Wharf.................. 11.00 9.3oa a. m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers A.J. COLE,Gen.PasKnger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New York. .
M. H. CLYDE, Awistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
88 wzi'r DA"7 eT., lAOK.O TITiL&v FLA.. F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent,204 West Bay St., Jacksonville PU.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent,foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.
t We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agents,

Hay Corn Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal .11 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

:: Cotton Seed Meal. Both Bright and Dark. HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE


Trek:-!llep PeriHim Go.' NITRATE SODA, --

Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH j&Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed

1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats7S| cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per ,
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.' SULPHATE POTASH, pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.

t. ., I Orange' FEETLLIZEB.Tree and Vegetable KAINIT' Etc P. F. WILSON, SEEDS MAN,

y ;' These Fertlli ert have:no wperiw' In the market. and i trial will am1'fAce. GAINESVILLE FLORIDA.

el aforeataloatre fret. ,
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1>-.. : >. ; Hade from PURE ANIMAL HATTER and HIGH-
>' .": GRADE POTASH, :with to the
r 1 J,, requirements ,and perfect mechanical condition, in
", strong*, handsome Bags don't rot. '
Bjf"The cheapest brand for the quality in the

,. : .,s .. market. Cottonseed Heal, Tobacco. Stems, Agricultural .
:. _",,,' Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. tII
". ,.

.. ;: : INSECTICIDES. i : i i
: \ AI"Thiti1I
.. 6 u
"' gy The old reliable EUREKA has never been
,I'J pert is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the

':! Animal A eertaindef. }iontotheAl ', (
!'tatter' F I 1 erg, apida andoother inaa sin their development. Fatal to II IIson
: ,, \ S Pineapples and e ge ..-;


Rubber;;Hosc, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great .variety of the best makeR, at.Manufacturers9 '


.. .. ." .;.- "\. ." '- .I THE BEST MADEQt)0
....,. 11I11I"Uu. ,
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: .. 1.=:t cz.o:; j, y PIPE EXTENSION ,

,4 E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

'. .
t ?\Ir; Thompson is a thorough expert cinity in manufacturing crossties ,and has been engaged to take chargeof In commenting upon.a recent articleof

in the canning business, and He says lumber. They have a large mill and the factory on the ith of March. Mr. Geo. H. Wright, this city,:published .
that he would advise the planting of will be here from Chi. in the Agriculturist
saw,on an average, 13,000 feet of lum The machinery a correspondent -
all kinds of small fruits Strawberriescan ber daily. They have not been troubledto cago in time to have-it in readiness for i of that paper warns grove

be used in any quantity, also any great extent by split logs, whichare putting up on Mr. Thompson's arrival. owners against planting velvet beansin
blackberries, mulberries, .blueberries, not so numerous as it was at first -Green C)ve Spring. orange groves, as he believes thatit
etc., figs, quinces, plums, peaches and thought. The lumber company is pre- will require too much time to keep

Japan persimmons. Among the vegetables paring to get to work with a large forceof The gre4t t need of a means of secur- them out of the trees. Along this line
he recommends peas and lima men,to save the lumber on its many ing statistical<< information concerning | we can give an object lesson. Rightin
and snap beans; also asparagus,' tomatoes thousand acres of land in this county. Florida's condition and progress is illustrated this city.:Mr. Jas. DeLaney plantedthe
o (for catsup only), little pick- -Gainesville Sun. bV| the fact that even the vol- bean in his five acre orange groveto
ling onions, shallots, ,gerkins, cucumbers ume and of exported productsare choke out the Bermuda grass,

,cauliflower and peppers. He The Spnng takes pleasure in .making not ace vpue rately known. The State which had grown up all\ over it. His '
says that quite an acreage'of cucumbers hired boy worked about two hours a .
that the of
the announcement canning Bureau Agriculture, although no
and could be'used. The week for about month and the
gerkins factory will be completed at an provision whatever has been made by kept
little onions shallots.. ';"gerkins and trees free from vines. The has
early day, and that the next crop of any legislature for the collection and grass
cauliflower go into mixed pickles, fruits and vegetables grown hereaboutswill publication such information, has been literally choked out, and the
., "pickililly! and !items'of.that: character.Radish find a local home market. Mr. endeavored to compile tables of exports grove is two inches deep in trash from
pods are also used. After the the vines which is an excellent fertil
the and the made
Hafer of the
F. A., manager showing even
r "' :
radish for the Northern is
crop Farm, Field and Fireside colony here, without the proper facilities, has been izer.-Orlando Reporter.
harvested'the balance ..
could be'allow e1*
is the source of The Spring's informa surprising. Doubtless the forthcomingreport
ed to' go to- seed_ and the pods used tion. He has just had a letter from of the Commissioner of Agriculture Put up a number of small boxes$ in the
for pickling, purposes.-Green" CoveSpring. Mr.J. W. Wilson, secretary of the will place this important subject trees martins in and the wrens.orchard especially for the

-, .. _. t- company, also one from 'Mr. Thompson before the legislature, and that body
In all pruning it is safer to err the
'! Camp Brothers, at:\Wade, are.utilizing ; who is_to have the managementof will consider it in a patriotic spirit- side of pruning too little than to ran on the

all of the fallen..timber" in.that vi- the canning factory. Mr. Thomp- Jacksonville Citizen. risk of pruning too much. >_
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