Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00107
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 19, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00107
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text


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S. Powers: :,Editor JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, DECEMBER 19, 1896. Whole .No. 1454 Vol.VIII SERIFS., No. 61X
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_: I a "qThe Largest Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA.

y Know the Best Varieties and the
*HIGHEST Plums (over 30 varietJief' Wickson, Red June, Hale White Kelsey, 18
DUALITY kinds). Peaches,( ,Triumph,Suber,over 70 varieties).
Kaki Nuts
] fiIIOWE5TICES ] Grapes,Oranges, Lemons ,
BEST flEES TO ,Pomelos, Kumquats,Roses,etc.

We shipped more peaches from our own orchards this Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals
season than all other growers In this section combined
r FLIGHT. and made big MONEY at it.

P/j'EPA10 BHn Trees from NUR8ERMEN Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.

A handsome,65-page Catalogue for 1800-97,with over 50
lb : A 4W1O} RRE FRUIT GROWERS, adaptability of varieties 10 sections, with accurate descriptionsi engravings recent experience Gives-
in orchard and market with varieties new and old,with full cultural in-
Everything for the South. formation. This

Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes,

Nuts Ornamentals Roses Etc. Etc. Etc. Investigation the Requirements of Florida Orchards.
350 Varieties. A MILLION and a half trees. Over 300 acres 111 ears { Experience and Experimenting in Growing Florida Fruits.
BETTER stock to select from. None so LARGE.New Extensive'propagatlon of Trees for Florida Planting.
Catalogue ,with over 50 Illustrations, 28 New Photographic Views, Free on ,


Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla. Secretary.


i j f W. W. HAWKINS & SONSAre handle no Commission Seed but receive direct from such well-known Seed

offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of:1800-97. Growers as Ely, Landreth, Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc.
All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low
and from Bearing. trees. Cauliflower-Henderson'sSnowball ................... ..............Pkg.25 *iW Oz. t800lK"flm
Onion-Bermuda Red........................................ ....... 5 20 0'7X
*/* $ VARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME. * Onion-Bermuda White...... .............................. 5 20 no. 1m 1.00! )
Early Selections and Early Planting will the most successful. Prices Low. Tomato-Livingstons. Any variety... ... ,,
prove 5
Send postal for Descriptive catalogue toW. Onion.. Set ,-Redor Yellow.................. erbiuhVi'... Vsw" ... .7 20.. .50... 1.5....
'h w. HA: VKINS & 43O1'Jt9. U White............ ......... u .. n.. 4\M\ .... .... .... ....
Georgetown Fla ABOVE FREE BY l\JAIL.:
Write for
price list. BURTON K. HARKS, .
The flQilujaakee-ploPida Ofancje Co.,


Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experienceof
;thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely SATSUMA TANGERINES
known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma Mandarin, Parson Brown, ,
Boone's Early and Centennial Jaffa,Majorca,Ruby Blood Stark's or Enterprise Seed- .
less;Pineapple, Homosassa,and Tangerine. Tardiff and King,Duncan and Marsh Seed- + + + BUDDING WOOD. + .:. .f .f
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior
to the round- ). Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,), Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable toMilwaukee Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.

Florida Orange Co., The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices.


From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and
i Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. SOMERS, BROTHER & CO. The .


Trifoliate catalogue.'stocks one,two and three years old. All stock:clean and healthy. Send for interesting Fruits and Produce

OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA[NURSERIES, Becelve and MO.in car toad lots and smaller Most
quanuUea.all Product*of the Orchard.Garden
J. H. GIRARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla. Dairy,Hennery and farm.
Bead for our little book"Suggestions to Shtopen,.Mutes Complete
Reports Special Befereneei,SUnclli,etc.,all free.
_ Inquiries and Correspondence Invited. Esfab;

SEEDS, FOR THE SOUTH lishment- -

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Does it not stand to reason that a Southern firm that gives their
entire attention to growing and selling seeds for use in the South is in Send for Annual Descriptive South.
a better position to supply your wants in the way of good seeds for a CATALOGUE,
Southern planting than the Northern seed houses. Our business is entirely newly issued and revised. Geo. S.
.in the South. We want to sell you some of our seeds this year It contains everything Hacker & Son
for your garden. Send us your name and address on a postal card and needed by the Horticulturist ,
we will send you our Catalogue and Price-list of seeds free. Send now. C ) and pcant lover. Manufacturers of
Catalogue for 1897 ready December I5th.H. Orchard PLANTS, and Window TREES Lawn for BUILDING MATERIAL,
or Greenhouse. Largest CHARLESTON. S. C,
: a. HASTINGS & collection to select from Purchase our makes,which we guarantee
in the South.. superior to any sold South and thereby save

Inteflaehen, pla. Serismeh RUSOIER BROTHERS. ONECO-, FLA. money.

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When a hen's comb is a brilliant red,

... a writer"saysit is the hen's sign of"Eggsfor CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, HARNESS

sale. AfThL Direct from Factory Wholesale Price SO per cent saved.
Guaranteed two years. Write at once for new beautifully Illustrated 2XO!
Use all the stable it
or coarse manures page Catalogue showing latest styles In large variety from a$10 can to
Is possible to make on the farm. Place the mOlt stylish carriage. PrIces In plain figures. TeaUmonlals! from .
"QrMe.'Uc Btae Highest awards at Worlds Fair and Atlanta A U'
every Exposition.
15 .. --" N """' leaves or muck in the stalls to absorb the Write to-day. Catalog rrn. A1LIAHCE CASmQE CO., SSI East Cotrt lun', Clatiaatti,Oalo.
urine, the richest part of the droppings.Land .
well filled with coarse manures, humus -

Mixed Farming Best. is more susceptible to the action of
chemical fertilizers.The .
With favorable weather wise management and a NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING.We
good market the specialty farmer sometimes makes cowand beggar-weed, (Florida .
a grand showing. However mixed husbandry Is
the farmers'
and in the will usually give best ) are Southern maIn
safer long ran
results. Where a variety of domestic animals are reliance, or should be, for fodder and soil have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour
kept.Pace fence will be found See not only a luxury renovation. They have not yet begun to and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having
but almost a necessity. catalogue.
been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.
comprehend the absolute in
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,AdrianMich. necessity
keeping up the farm. Northern farmersare Following varieties guaranteed true to name:

now extensively using the: cow-pea in MAJORCA, RUBY BLOOD, ST. MICHAEL,
place of clover for soil renovation.The MED. SWEET, SANFORD MED PARSON BROWN, .
lorida farmer who grows more than his TANGERINE, HOMOSASSSA. SATSUMA,
'Lands family and stock consume is on the roadto and GRAPE FRUIT.A .
prosperity.Iowa few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3 to 4 feet. Price,50 and 75

Oranges ( sweet potatoes are being sold in cents each. BUDWOOD.
interior Texas. This is carrying coals to
Newcastle, and should make the Texas Can furnish Bud wood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. PricWwfll be reducedin
jResorts farmers blush.Is October on some varieties. For full particulars,addressHASTINGS ." ,
there a probability that the farmerin .
investments[ this country will again be compelled to Interlachen, Fla.

sell his good leaf lard at four and five
Developments cents a pound? We hope not. J

Fall planting of deciduous fruit trees

[Attractions soon after a killing frost is generally re- 15,000All BUDDED TRE.ES

commended. The orange tree may be

Address, planted whenever in a dormant state but the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon
G. D. ACKERLY, Fall and Winter planting is preferable."Old .
roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.
etNEflAL PASSCNCCR AGENT Q Cotton Planter" says it is imperative Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropicaland
upon Texas farmer to increase
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, his corn crop every and plow the land for the semitropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.

-4JACNONVILLL. FLORIDA.TPLANT. same in November and December. The Catalogue on application.

short cotton crop, he claims, has been a
blessing in disguise, as nothing but the JOHN B. BEACH Indian River Nurseries
AIRAMERICAN reduction of the cotton crop forty percent
has saved the State from three or (Established 1886.)

WeWWpRKSwA four-cent cotton.J. WEST PALM BEACH FLA.
lit,'CHICAGO'BAtiASLf E* ,
H. Hale clean
says culture for peach.
trees, and he ought to know. But Mr. I

Massey (see Horticultural Department,)
disagrees with him forat least part of the JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD,
season. President.H. Vice President.
I. If any one tells you that the Gulf T. BAYA Cashier., THOS. W. CONRAD Assistant Cashier.

States are not adapted to the Jersey cow, CAPITAIi $100,000.
tell him that there are too,many of them ', '
well begun is half done. Begin there now for you to believe it. '
well by getting Ferry's Seeds. et o+ BANK
1 Don't let chance determine "' S. P. Shepherd, in the Florida Agricul- THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL

your crop, but plant Kerry's turist says: "We find that the beggar ,
Seeds. Known
everywhere. weed is ahead or everything that we JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

Before you plant, get have seen to build up the soil in our Respectfully solicits your Deposits,Col1eetiona and General
Ferry's Seed Annual groves," and he might have added "when Business.
for 1S96. Contains more pray frown thickly makes a better food for
tical Information for farmers horses and cows than any grass grown." -

and gardeners than ninny high- Spain is out of cannot borrow offered winch their bal-
priced text books. Mailed free f money, Depositors every facility: :
0.JL KEKIIV A to., DETROIT,Hllll./ and has two rebellions on her hands. business and warrant.
'APECBq ances responsibility
-Cuba and Phillippine Islands-with ,

strong probability of losing both colonies. SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00
She has
probably spent ten times as muchin
her efforts to subdue the former, as PER YEAR, UP.
she could sell the island for.

Gulf 01'11 : Is Cottolene a hog product? Cottonseed DIRECTORSIChurch ".
oil has become John L. Marvin Anderson Chas. Marvin,
essential '
BO an element H. T. Baya, W. M. Davidson Judge R. B.Archibald
of lard that they are becoming Dr. H. Robinson.
The Coming Money Crop. identical, and a rise in the price of lard
means a rise in the price of cottonseedoil. I --

Either advance is helpful to the Are your cows making as much milk : sons to believe that the growing of

We have 100,000 very choice Trees of the farmer. and butter as they should? Do you get. canaigre root can be made profitable,
"Tillage is manure," but the tillage of as good prices for what they do make as i
TEXAS THIN SHELL and we will do all in our power to en-
should? You have the benefit I
sand without humus may
in the soil, adds no you
The largest, best quality and earliest plant food, and helps but little to retain of other people's successful experience if courage iu The use of the productsof

bearers known. From five-years-old trees moisture. Beggar-weed and cowpeasare you read The Rural New-Yorker. Sendto canaigre and palmetto root com

we gathered nuts averaging 35 to pound. the farmer's cheapest humus crop, The Rural New-Yorker, New York, bined is said to constitute an ideal

They require no attention after transplanting and he should manage to get in a quan- for a free sample copy. Florida Farmer tanning fluid, and if that be the case
and be in fields with cultivated and both for
can grown crops tity Fruit-grower one year $2.50
or in old worn out lands that will soon be worth every year.Oktibbeba and back for The Rural if Florida may some day become the
your money
hundreds of dollars acre. County Miss. has become I.
per greatest leather-making State in the
Whi'e other nurseries charge 75 cents to Ji eachwe famous for her you want it.
Jersey cows. The indus- II.
will send the choicest trees prepaid as follows ..... Union.-Orlando Reporter.
: 10,$i 00; 27-for acre 40x40-$3.00; 100,$8; try has changed the county into diversi-
and 500 or more at 5 rents each. fied farming instead of reliance upon There are several gentlemen in this.
Order now or send for descriptive circuJarstell- cotton. who said to have I
ing all bout Pecans. We also have the choicest county are organizeda
variety of English Walnut trees at 25 cents each. The cheapest potash and phosphoric syndicate for the purpose of putting. Our Fair Exhibits
All who order at once will be given an English acid is to be had from cottan-seed hull in for tannic acid from With five car loads of wild animals. we bare
a plant making
Walnut tree for every dollar's worth of Pecans < ordered. Remit by registered letter or money ashes and the cheapest nitrogen is[in cot- palmetto root and operating a Fairs. We thus furnish instruction amusement.and .
order. We refer to any firm here. Address ton-seed meal at $15.00 a ton at the fac tannery.But proof that the Pace It the be.t. Fereral
these application are la for next years eiblttl I *
HAUSER & ANDERS tory. gentlemen are taking op-
Mountain View Nurseries Winston,N.C. PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCr -'" "
tions all available lands which
Thin out the surplus roosters when on ,

they can no longer forage$ for their own I shows their faith in the value of pal-
Bicycle Catalogue. living--Southern Ruralists. I metto for the purpose named. This BRASS BAND
The Alliance Bicycle Company, Cin Instrument,Drama,
is hailed with satisfaction Equip.
cinnati, Ohio, has just published a large enterprise m'ntfor Binds and Drum CorpeVlo w-
and valuable catalogue of bicycles and $100 worth for 10c. as all such movements deserve, and g est prices ever quoted. Fine

sundries, showing wheels from $25 to ate Send start 10 ft.TR1I...for Uutnted JDJU&YlaJOU'book telling be.ntr ho"I. we hope and Sfae it will succeed.At Illustrations Hosio*InstmcVns,wuttttd/rtt f or .mat;ft nrBandd
$100. Send for it and mention this paper without eon to the member G.t It quick I IICITIZKIB I the timelfc have LYON HEALY, '
when write. 4 'LIBRARY ASS% same good rea- .Acne&.1M 11abssl......lal.II .
you !: I*,ft*rirta ATMIH I.w I rt.ft.IeI I



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Grove $ Orchard. might easily make it possible to sell I of all others in the markets of the fornia relating to the above named
them on the market for Maiori lemons, world as is evidenced from the fact fruit. It be 01 interest
............... ........... may to your
the shape, quality and size all conveying that in every place where oranges are readers to know that I have ten of
Percentage of Orange Groves this impression. Even to the inexperienced sold in any quantity the Florida fruit this variety growing on my place at
T Abandoned. eye the fruit speaks for brings the highest prices. The great Manatee.

It will be remembered that a few itself. scarcity of Florida fruit this season They were all planted before the
months after the freeze of February, From the Philadelphia Grocery has caused much of the Mexican cropto freeze, killed down to the surface of
1895, Mr. M. S. Moremen, a promi- World we extract the following: Thereis be sold as Florida fruit, being put the ground and now the new growthis
nent orange grower and one of the directors already a small demand for this fruit, up in Florida made !boxes of the same from six to ten feet in height and
of the Florida Fruit Exchange, both from Jamaica and Florida, but size and similar appearance to the bore a few fruit this year.
was commissioned by the State Expe the Florida people think it can be en- ,Florida product."
The is
riment Station to travel over the or- larged. Their idea is said to compre- This, Mr. Smyth says, has injuredthe cherimoyer tree evergreen and
and be
ange belt and report the condition and hend a more careful wrapping and Florida fruit to some extent, but vigorous growth seems to
prospects of the industry. He did so packing, and they believe that thus will be remedied as soon as the real as hardy, here, as the guava, and ap-
and published a full report, which was marketed limes will become a formida. article begins to come again into the pears to grow as well at Manatee as
the I last fall Los
issued as Bulletin No. 33 of the experiment ble competitor to the lemon. This market in any considerable quantity.As gees saw at Angles,
California that mentioned in the
station. In that report he view, however, is not shared by Phila- to the size of the Mexican crop are
California in the
says, page 228 : We see many a delphia dealerswho have had some ex- Mr. Smyth said that the whole Re- Advocate.report I mention you published this
grove neglected, not from choice, but perience. The experiment of shipping public of Mexico did not grow more that readers matter
that this
from necessity, and it may be correctto North it is said will be attempted dur- than 300,000 boxes of oranges, and your may
fruit be raised here well in
say that as much as one-fourth of ing the coming season. about half of this number are grownat can as as
California and that the freeze which
the old orange area will not again pro- Limes from both Florida and Jamaica inaccessible points, so that about disastrous,
duce fruit for many years." have been sold to some extentin 150,000 boxes are about all that find was so te semitropical fruit
trees headed back the
As the agent of certain companies Philadelphia for a good many their way into the markets.In the only of cherimoyerto
owning many hundreds of acres of orange years. They usually are sold packedin answer to the question: as to how Alden Adams two in Manatee years growth.-Advo-
groves, Mr. Moremen has lately rather small square boxes, holding far the Mexican orange comes into cate. J.
traveled a second time over a consid- from no to 130 limes each. The competition 'with that of Florida, Mr. .
erable part of the orange-producing price ranges trom thirty cents a Smyth replied: "Well, the shipmentof -*-
section; and a few days ago an item box, when the fruit is not in good con the :Mexican fruit begins about the The Grape.
was telegraphed from Apopka to the dition, to $2 per box, or about two first of September, and by the middleof The grape is not only wholesome,
Florida Citizen, saying that Mr. More cents apiece. December it is practically all mar but nutritious. In every sixteen ounces
men had arrived at that place and that Most of the fruit coming here is the keted, but for ten years to come the of fruit there are two ounces of glu-
he estimated that sixty per cent of the Jamaica variety, although the Florida yield of both Florida and Mexican cose or grape sugar, and this is of a very
orange groves of Florida would be limes sell quite as well. The last lot fruit will not be sufficient to result i in fattening nature. In 1745 a French
abandoned. We at once wrote to Mr. believed to be in Philadelphia were any damaging competitive prices be physician, speaking of his native vine-
Moreraan and received the following sold last Tuesday at $2 per box, an tween them. The price for Mexican yard, said that the young folks grow
reply : unusually good price. The average i is fruit this year has been from $2.50 to fat when the grape harvest is in full
Editor Farmer and Frult-G rower: not over $1. $3 50 per box, while last year the swing, because at this time they get
On my return home this a. m., I At present limes are sold entirely prices ranged from $3.50 to $4.50. into the vineyards and eat the ripen-
find your favor of the 7th, calling attention to hotels and saloons, who use them This state of affairs has been brought ing fruit voraciously. When driedas
to item in Citizen, and askingmy in compounding various drinks. Some about mainly by the sharp competitionwhich _raisins more sugar is of course
estimate of acreage ofxbrange: times they are used for their own has been produced between developed, but the fresh ripe fruit,
groves being restored. The item referred flavor, but oftener when lemons are buyers from the United States, almost on account of the juice and acid
to is a little erroneous. I estimate high. Their flavor somewhat resembles the entire crop being bought by cannot be partaken of too freely.
that 50 per cent of the acreage of the lemon, but is not so strong, Americans for shipment to the west The skins of all grapes should be re
the State is being systematically re The Florida growers are said to believe ern markets of this country. jected. They are, unless well mas-
stored, while about 20 per cent more that besides this hotel and saloon trade, Mr. Smyth also stated that in one ticated, liable to cause impaction,
is being taken care of as best the owners the limes, if pushed, could be gotten point in Mexico, and only one point, and as the flesh alone contains the
can, so leaving about 30 per cent into houses as well, but this is not be the fruit is affected by worms, and wholesome properties referred to,thereis
of the whole totally abandoned.M. lieved by local fruit men and grocers some of .this fruit.has_ been Chipped no reason why skins should- he
S. MOREMEN. -...- and sold as Florida fruit. This, he eaten at all. The seeds of the grape
Switzerland, Fla., Dec. n. Mexican and Florida Oranges.A said, could only affect the Florida pro- are rich in astringent matter, and
repreeentative of the Star had a duct temporarily, however, as it is not chemistry shows us that they also con-
Limes in Northern Markets. talk with Mr. that tain fat. The stalks of the
yesterday A. W. C. likely any more of the fruit from grape con-
The New York Fruitman's Guideof Smyth, who returned a few days ago this point will be shipped-at least to tain tannic acid. Of the blood.enriching .
December 12 says: An invoice of from Mexico, where he has since the the States. acids in grape juice the malic preponderates -
limes were the most delicious, juicy, freeze of 1895 been engaged in buying With regard to the freight on Mexican in the unripe and the tar-
meaty and thin-skinned that have ever and shipping oranges to the United fruit to this country, Mr. Smyth taric in the ripe fruit. The soft,
come to New York. They are of the States from that Republic.Mr. said that there is a uniform rate of $i fleshy pulp is without doubt highly
size of the regular 300 and 360 lem- : Smyth says that in appearancethe per box from all points in Mexico to wholesome, and possesses refrigerant
ons, and when cut open emit a delightful fruit from the Mexican orange all of the western markets of the properties also. Eaten freely, the
aroma, delicate as the odor of a trees is as good if not better than the United States, and in addition to thisa fruit exerts a diuretic and laxative action -
flower. Florida orange, from the fact that theyare duty of about 18 cents per box is on the system. The juice of the
I Mr. Brucato, in his recent trip to all brights, no such thing as a rus- exacted. grape is the most powerful blood puri-

Italy, found a grove near Pompeii, set orange being known there.In "Where do they get their boxes fier known. The original man was
.. and saw the possibilities of the crop. flavor, however, he states that from in which to ship their fruit?" not only a fruit-eater, but a fruit
The growers did not realize the value there is positively no comparison to asked the Star man. grower, and there can be no doubt
of the fruit, saying, "We never ship be made as the Florida fruit is so much "Oh," was the reply, "nearly all that were man generally to live exclusively -
these; they have no seeds." They superior in this respect as to precludethe the boxes used for the shipment of upon fruit, he could prolong
were ordered to be shipped at the possibility of anyone choosing a Mexican oranges came from Florida his life to the age of the tree.Sampson -
proper time. They attracted much Mexican orange in preference to the this year. In fact nearly all of the Morgan, in Fruit.

f. attention at the sale, and brought a Florida.He lumber used comes from the United .-.-.
.I. good price. further states that the carrying States. Lumber is exceedingly scarce The warehouses at Key West are
By the Ss. Fulda, arrived on Thurs qualities of the two fruits are about the allover the Mexican republic, and overstocked with Cuban tobacco and

.. day, and to be offered on Mondaynext same, there being little or no differ- scarcely any of it is within easy reachof more accommodations are being made
Brucato Bros. have a thousand ence between them as to their keep- transportation.-Orlando Star. to store it. Notwithstanding the decrees .
boxes of the same shippers. ing characteristics during transportation .* of Weyler refusing to allow tobacco
'. As an evidence of the high class of to distant markets. Cherimoyer (Anna Oherimolia) in to leave Havana, it is broughtto
o fruit shipped by Brucato & Giagrande, Asked as to the relative standing of Manatee.In Key West. Applications have been
4 the Commerce and Purity brands show the Mexyp and Florida oranges in your columns of November 26th made to the insurance companies of

a daintiness of packing, a uniformityof the maK> Mr. Smyth replied: you publish an extract from a paper the city for $300,000 of policies on to
grading, an evenness of color which "0 Florida orange is ahead read at the Farmers' Institute in Cali bacco that will arrive shortly.


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allowing: ample time to ship to almost much care should be taken as for a England, and were sold in the London
Pinery.Edited any market in the world. flower garden. Almost any good level market at gd ((18 cents) and no rejec-
Third-They are the best varietyfor land in and around Orlando that will tions. The average weight of these
by J. B. Beach West Palm Beacfc.Fla canning, being excellent in flavor, retain moisture may be selected. If pines was two and one-half pounds.

THE PINEAPPLE. with an abundance of juice. land is destitute of humus it may be The merchant to whom they were
Fourth-They are strong growers cowpenned. Good judgment shouldbe shipped said: "Considering their condition
Culture, Uses and Probabilities.Mr. and sure to fruit each season. exercised in this, however, for if it and that our market is full of

: George I. Russell, who may be Fifth-They are prolific in plants, is overdone it affects the keeping soft fruit, I think gd ((18 cents) was
called the pioneer of pineapple culturein averaging from four to eight suckers qualities of the fruit. the value of the fruit. Better prices
the interior of Florida, read a very under proper treatment, one of which Land that has been cowpenned would no doubt have been realized if
valuable paper before the Orlando may be left upon the old stump when should have two tons of bone and pot more care had been exercised in the

Board of Trade, of which we give the fruit has been picked to fruit ash to the acre after plants are half gathering and packing of the pines.In .

this week the following extracts : again the following season, the rest grown. If land is very poor and can the first place the pines were cut
During his life, Henry S. Sanford should be picked and planted out to not be cowpenned, broadcast manureon without leaving any stalk, as a result
introduced many choice varieties into fruit the following year. In additionto the land before ploughing, plough the part where they were cut shriveledup
Florida. He discovered the adapt- this some of the varieties named deep, then broadcast two tons of blood into the body of the apple and

ability of our soil and climate for pine- will give from six to ten slips at a and bone per acre, harrow and rakein caused decay. In the second place

apples and predicted that the State fruiting. well, leaving the land level and they were not packed tight enough to
would produce the best pineapples as This will show you how prolific smooth. It is now ready to plant. prevent damage from the side of the

it did the best oranges in the world. these varieties are, my reasons for HOW TO PLANT AND WHEN. crate."

He secured plants at an enormous choosing them, and also shows you Pineapples be planted at all You will see by this merchant's

cost, and demonstrated his faith by what a man can accomplish with an seasons of the may year, provided one has statement that this fruit, decayed and

the results of his experience.His acre in five years. protection from.frost and some way to bruised by carelessness, sold at 18
cultivation of the plant, how- Any uninformed person may criticize irrigate if planted in the dry season. cents each, and he sold every one.
ever, went no further than the experi-- these pineapples, but where is the For this reason the large growers pre- This fruit Orlando people wouldn'teat
mental stage, and I went on where he man in the whole world who can pro ler to wait until the rainy season I much less pay 18 cents for, even'if

left off, until I have been able to suc- duce finer pineapples than are grownin comes, when the plants root at once in good condition.
cessfully demonstrate the commercial Orlando, Florida, to-day and make a rapid and fine growth. The same merchant continues: "St.
features of the business. We hope a day may come when we Propagation is from seed, crowns, Michael pines, fair condition and
The pineapple having been found in shall be able to produce a pineapple slips and suckers. Certain varietiesof about 3lbs in weight, brought 2S gd
forests, where it had moisture and superior in quality than any grown to- plants produce mostly suckers which ((66 cents) each in our salesrooms to-

partial shade, it was natural to thinkof day. Millions of seeds, perhaps, may grow from the body of the plants, day."
a cover that would surround it have! to be planted before such a plantis while others run mostly to slips which A St. Michael pineapple is similarto

with similar conditions. Experimenting known, and I feel almost convincedthat form near the base of the fruit. Both our "Smooth Cayenne" and is im.
for several years, I found that it will be in the nature of a discovery are good plants.A ported into England from the Azores
slats three inches wide, with an equal rather than the invention of good i2-inch home-grown sucker Islands.

space between, making a lattice in man. will fruit in from twelve to fourteen Now if a three pound pineapple is
which the shade and sunlight were It is absolutely impossible for man months. A slip will take from eigh- worth 66 cents, what is the six to

evenly distributed, produced the best to cross the pollen of one variety with. teen to twenty months to fruit. Imported twelve pound fruit of Orlando worthin
results by protecting both the plants another and be certain that the results plants often take from eighteento London?

and the iruit. This lattice prevents will be an improvement over the parent : twenty months to fruit. In buying The demand for fruit this season
"sunburn of the fruit, enabling it to plant. This being the case it is best plants, it is important that you secure has been so large that I have been
fully mature before ripening. It also for the grower of fruit to plant crowns, fully matured ones. unable to supply half of my custom-

prevents in a large] measure the slips and suckers, as he may then be Before planting strip a few of the ersand, have received letters from them

evaporation of moisture, as well as sure that such plants will be true to short lower leaves from the plant,care asking me to retain their orders and
the volatile elements in the fertilizer.In the parent plant. To some persons being taken not to strip off too much. ship fruit as soon as possible. The
addition to all this it is a big pro. there is considerable fascination in You will find embryo roots, or the market is always good for fancy fruit,

tection, against u frost. hybridism. To such this subject affords eyes from which the roots start. When ,or in fact any kind of pineapple, and
It is eleven years since I began to a big field for experiment. shipping plants I always strip a few i I[ am glad to state that the people of
make culture a study. For Florida and
pineapple Orange county particular.
MATERIAL FOR COVER AND HOW TO to show the proper way.
the first five years it was largely ex BUILD. Plant in beds, seven plants to the ly have begun to realize the great possibilities

perimental. At that time little was Posts eight feet long and five inchesin row, eighteen inches apart, and thirty in pineapple culture.I .
known about the culture of the plant, have on exhibition here one dozen
the Set the
diameter at the small end, which inches between rows.
and it has taken time and patient in- I should be squared. Stringers 2x6 plants as deep as their size will allow pineapples packed in a new style crate
vestigation to advance as far we are made expressly for me. It is designed
inches, fifteen feet long. Slats 1x3 without having the end of the small
to-day in pineapple culture.I inches, seventeen feet long. Six, 10, plants below the surface of the ground. especially for pines weighing from 10
started with seven varieties, the to 12 pounds each. The fruit is
and 20 penny nails should be used in When the plants are half grown, applyto
largest part of them being the com- the work. the ground between the rows one- packed in excelsior to prevent bruising -
mon Red Spanish, and planted a'' against the sides of the crate. .
Saving secured lumber as described, half ton of sulphate of potash per acre,
quarter of an acre. Fortune favored !' set the posts \y2 feet in the ground, and hoe it well into the ground. These apples will keep from two to
me and the results were beyond my eight feet apart in rows running north Never hoe deep about the plants. Always four weeks, affording ample time for
fondest expectations. I found by and south, rows to be fourteen feet use a scuffle hoe, and keep the transportation and sale, even to for
comparison that the better grade of eign markets. Price for this size and
from weeds and
apart. Next lay stringers upen the beds free grass.
my fruit warranted the cultivation of tops of the posts and nail. Continue, The pineapple will stand a great quality $6 per crate f. o. b.
finer, varieties, and I immediately I may safely say that one acre planted
lapping each stringer, spiking them amount of neglect and abuse, but thereis
began collecting and importing plants, j firmly together. Stringers runningeast no plant that will better repay one in fancy pineapples will producein
until I had thirty-seven varieties of and west. After this is completed for care and fertilizer bestowed. less than two years from time of
pineapples. Then came the testing planting a comfortable living for its
haul strips and unload along the out
process, and in time I had discardedall MARKETING THE FRUIT. owner, and it does not require muscle
side of rows where two men standingon
but the five varieties which I now The demand for pineapples has be- and brawn to run a pinery, so that
load lift six slats at time
the can a
grow and which are in my mind the' come so great within the past few convalescents unfit for the great cli-
and lay them across the stringers,
best than can be produced, namely : years that over $400,000 worth of imported matic changes of the North may start
after which they can be spread, takingcare
Abbaka, Enville City, Smooth Cay- fruit was sold in the United in the pineapple business in Orange
for ends
to leave room to lap on
enne, Golden Queen and Prince States last season. county, regain their health and make
When all the slats are
Albert. stringers. Most of these were common varie- comfortable and living.
spread, and before any are nailed, ar shade full of easy
Experience and experiments have ties, grown without core
[Concluded next week.]
range them as they are to go, drawing)0th fibre and from
induced me to select the above varie- woody .
ends where they lap at
together ,
ties for the following reasons: two and one-half to four pounds in
First-The fruit is large and juicy, the same time and nail to stringers.The weight. Not one of these imported About forty prospectors and settlers -
cover is now completed, cost have arrived the week
with Orlando past
weighing from six to twelve pounds, pines can compare our
$450 per acre. I have about ten acres that from Illinois, Kansas, Wisconsin and
and almost entirely without fibre, fruit, yet they brought prices
covered as above and do not think it Minnesota. The settlers
with generally
making a better eating pineapple than would be profitable to us our
other vanety yet known. can be improved upon. larger fruit. X. have brought their stock, farm implements

any Second-They are good shippersand HOW TO PREPARE LAND. Two years ago a lot of corn n Red food for stock, and farm-grown.

will keep from two to four weeks, In preparing land for pineapples as Spanish pineapples were ship ed to provisions.-Floridian.


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Tobacco.' bacco crop in *the State reaching ish, so thatthe: settler online; east coast Cotton will do well on any new
9 nearly 20,000,000 pounds. has everything in his favor for money and medium high pine land for two

making. or three years without fertilizer,
Tobacco the East Coast.
on and will
grow on land that is too
"Farmers who will be We'do not believe there is land
likely to profit any
The Southern Tobacco Journal to
poor grow most anything else. Butit
most from this article will be those in in Florida that will produce 2,000 or
published at Winston, North Carolina, i will show'the .result of fertilizer
is the leading exponent of this important the: North andNew England, who are 3,000 pounds of good cigar tobaccoper well. It will pay to use from one to
industry in the Southern States. already tobacco growers, and who are acre; the figures are extravagant.Ed. three hundred pounds of
F. & F. G.fattineJJ&. per
South for homes. -
looking All such
The editor, Mr H. E. Harman, recently most any good fertilizer. It should
visited the East Coast of Flori-- will find along the east coast a verita- be planted as early as the frost will
da, examined its soil in several places ble paradise for the home-seeker, and True ke admit of in rows lour feet apart and

with a view to determining its adapta- especially such for him who would en- _- ...r------ _ thin out to one stalk every three feet
tation to tobacco culture, and he now gage in the cigar tobacco productionon Ginger in Florida. apart in the rows. Never plow cotton
publishes a long article an the subject.In the most profitable scale. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: deep but cultivate very shallow with a
introduction? Mr. Harman "The Florida East Coast Railway C. V. Gileson, of Tampa, wants to sweep and keep the land as near levelas
says : covers this entire region. This system know about planting and gathering possible. Keep it well hoed out
'Experts have long maintained that owns thousands of acres of the finest ginger. I can only give information ina and you can pick it to much better
if Florida should become famous tobacco land in the South,and it is of-
ever small It
way, having'grown it but threeor advantage. is true there
for the production of cigar tobacco, fered at the most reasonable prices to four years, and only for home use. is no big profit in raising it,
the finest crops would be grown on the those who are seeking'homes. Land I got the root from a :Minorcan, who but by proper management there
east side of the State, from St. Augustine capable of producing from 2,000 to told me it must surely be taken up in is a living in it and the beauty of it is
south. Other parts of the State, 3,000 pounds of tobacco, which will the fall before there was any frost, it brings the clean cash. At the price
are favorable to the successful<< cultivation average twenty to twent-five cents per dried a day or two in the shade, and this cotton is now selling for in the
of the weed but the conditions pound, can be had at from $5 to $10 seed
put away in woolen cloths in a as compared to groceries, dry
along the east coast seem to be more per acre, and on the most reasonable dry warm place until April, when it goods, etc., the farmers are getting at
favorable to a perfect growth than terms. Not much figuring is necessary should be planted. This I faithfully least 50 per cent more for their cotton
they are anywhere else. Two months to perceive that the home-seeker did the first year; but the next year, than they did twenty years ago. I
ago I took up the study of tobacco who buys land here and engages in having plenty of roots for seed, I left have erected a first-class ginning and
growing along the east coast, and have tobacco growing can soon be in independent some in the ground, covering slightly press mill.and am paying the highest
given the subject close attention. So circumstances and a money with mulch. In the spring I found prices for long staple cotton in the
few have been made that maker. In the new tobacco region of this seed.
had And
experiments kept equally as well as that the prospects are that I
to say just what can be expected from South Carolina I have seen a small housed with so;muchcare. I now treatit shall have to add several more gins
this crop would be difficult; and yet farmer clear $9oooayear: ] on a twentyacre in this way, that is, leave what I another season, as the farmers of Orange -
from observations made by personal crop of tobacco. I have seen an- wish for seed where it grew until and adjacent counties, as a gen-
and the facts now beforeme other buy a farm for $6,000 and pay eral
inspection spring, covering with sufficient mulchto thing, are very much encouragedand
I feel safe in saying that the east for it out of the first crop of tobacco, keep the roots from frost, which will double their acreage next
and I have still another clear
, coast has a very great future in the seen $400 grow very near the surface. I have year.
'' of the finest kind of cigar per acre on a one-horse crop of ten This
production just gathered my crop but this may be year's crop in South Floridawas
tobacco. That tobacco-growing will acres, and yet, in the face of such examples done all
later, or any time if the ground grown from fresh seed direct
be found an important industry goes I would say that tobacco grow- does not freeze.I from the islands off Charleston, S. C.
without for the possibilitiesare ing in Florida along the east coast will It has done
question, consider ginger one of the most well, considering the dry
so great that its development i is far exceed anything that can be accomplished valuable of all our home grown plants. season we have had, but experience of
i. only a question of time. in South Carolina. Medicinally, it has no superior for kid- farmers north of this has proven that

.II- HIGH PINE LAND ABUNDANT. PROFIT ON FIRST CROP $6OOO. 'ney troubles, a fact which should be the seed from this crop now being
"The best tobacco land along the "Let us make a comparison: Take generally known. The ground ginger harvested will produce from onefourthto
St. bought at the stores is usually adulter- one-third more cotton next
east coast begins near Augustine an average case of a New England year,
and extends south to Lake Worth; and, farmer, who plants, say ten acres in to ated with corn meal or other harmless will open better and can be picked
to.: in fact, even further. Much of the bacco. His average yield on the tens stuff, and the root is no better, for we much easier. I am carefully selecting
. land will not do for tobacco, as it i acres will be 12,000 pounds of leaf. find it has been boiled to obtain the the best seed (or planting and will
too flat and easily overflowed. How This he will sell at an average of not extract of Jamaica ginger, then dried grind ,the remainder for stock feed.
land that will tobacco and put on the market for pure ginger, IN VOLUSIA
ever, high pine grow more than six cents per pound, or a COUNTY.
b to perfection is abundant. Thisis total yield of $720 from the ten acres. which it is, what there is of it. The editor of the Florida Agricul-
especially true of the land that has His New England land is so exhaustedthat JAY TERRELL. turist last summer experimented with

an undergrowth of hardwoods,such as it requires the heaviest fertilizing, Hastings, Fla. cotton on _a small piece of very poor
dogwood, hickory, and oak. Such which, when added to other expenses, Sea Island Cotton;ln-;Peninsular pine land." The planting was done a
lands as have a light sandy soil, witha leaves but a small profit to the farmer. Florida. month later than it should have been,
yellowish subsoil, will produce the I Suppose this tobacco grower sells out Mr. Geo. E. Macy read before the and the stand was bad owing to the

best types, and all the distance from nis farm and goes to the east coast. Orlando Board.. of Trade the following scratching of fowls; nevertheless, a
St. Augustine to Lake Worth the With his experience in cigar tobacco article 1 : conclusion was reached that "cotton
the home-seeker will find plenty of growing he will make a success from The area of the United States suita- culture in South Florida, on the better
such ideal tobacco land." the start. Let him buy 100 aeres of ble for the culture of the sea island or grade of'pine land and under more

Referring to actual experimentsmade the best improved land at $20 per acre, long staple cotton is very small com- favorable conditions, would yield a
Mr. Harman says that at Hast- $2,000, and plant twenty acre crop pared with the short staple. Some profit.
ings two crops were raised, the yield of tobacco. Put this yield at 2,000 sections and soil being able to produce The detailed conclusions from the
per acre being remarkably heavy. He pounds per acre, which is far below much finer and longer staple than experiment are thus stated:
says: **At New Smyrna, Rockledge, the average, and his total crop will others. It has been demonstrated be- "At the time of planting a mixtureof
Titusville, and other points, experiments weigh 40,000 pounds. Let him sell yond all doubt that some sections of 250 pounds of kainit acid phosphateand
have been made, all going to this at twenty cents per pound, and he Florida by proper selection of seed cottonseed meal was placed in the
show that tobacco of the finest quality has a yield of $8,000 from one crop. and proper cultivation can produce as drills. This was all the fertilizer given.
can be grown, the only obstacle being Allowing five cents per pound ex- fine long staple as any country in the It was the intention of the experiment.
lack of knowledge of how to handle nenses he still has a clear Drofit of$6ooo world. er to make another application of kai
-- -
the crop after it is grown. This being on his first tobaccocrop. The Twenty years ago long staple cot- nit, bone black and nitrate of soda,
the case, farmers who wish to engagein reader may say that these figures are ton was cultivated here in Orange but his absence from home during
the business will do well to club too showy, but all the conditions for county quite extensively. There July and a part of August preventedthis.
together, half-a-dozen or more, and get 'money-making in tobacco along the I were thirteen or fourteen gins running .
an expert from Cuba, or from the old east coast clearly indicate that these I here in and within one and a half "Rust appears to be the enemy thatis
cigar regions of New England. The figures are not exorbitant. miles of Orlando, and they were run most dangerous. This got in the
expert can give instructions farmers: "Tobacco growing is,moreover,only from four to six months in the year cotton by the middle of Julyand caused
and look after the curing of many one of the many crops for which the and sometimes at night to meet the wholesale shedding of squares Had
crops. When tobacco-growing was country covered by the Florida East demands. Nearly all the farmers the application of potash been made in
first taken up in Carolina, six years Coast Railway is famous. Vegetablesof here raised cotton then, but gradually I the early part of July this could prob--
ago, this plan wasadopted: and found all kinds grow to perfection the year dropped it for orange culture. But ably have been prevented and the yield
entirely practicable. It has worked roundflllll kinds of semi-tropical this season they have taken up cotton I would have been doubled.
wonders for South Carolina, the to-' ,rtes and general crops flour- again, on a small scale. "The conclusions determined from
experiment are:



___ _. _. __ __ __ u _. -- .-,
-=___ _--": ,:-




who get best returns, use our get their truck to market first, use

Strawberry Special Fertilizer. "The Ideal Fertilizer." .
Price $25.00 Per Ton.
FOP Making Perfeot Shipping Berries. Price $27.OO.GUARANTEED .

Ammonia................................................. 2 to 4 cent Per Cent.
Phosphoric Acid ...........-..... .......... ........... 1 to 9"per.. .. Moisture .' ...................... .. ............................ 10 to 13
Equals Bone Phosphate of Lime ... ................. 16 to 18 Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood
Sulphate of Potash .. ......................"" .... .n,9J 8"! !. and Bone.................. ....... .................... 4# to 5tf
Equals Actual Potash.... .. ... ..................... 3to" Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone....... 4tf to 5#)
Made from Nitrate of Soda, Blood,Cotton Seed Meal, Bone, Acid Sulphate I of Potash.... ........ ......................... 11 to 13
Phosphate and P o.n"bSalt8, Equivalent to Actual Potash........ ............ ........... 6 to 8
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood,
"BEST CROP IN TEN YEARS." Bone,Acid Phosphate Sulphate of Potash.

Messrs. Fisher & Powers: Lawtey, June 39th 1896 This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitrogen -

I used Wilson & Toomer's Strawberry Special Fertilizer my strawberry crop, coming from: three different ingredients is especially
about 1,200: Jbs.to the acre and from two acres shipped 150 bushels. 1 had the best berries
the best plants, the best yield of ten years. My pear trees on the same land are valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak
making a big growth. (Signed.) SIM HOGAN. ing quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash
Write for our Special Strawberry Circular, "How to Grow only.

Berries For Profit. j Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced.We .

also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

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Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton.


"1St. Only the best grade of land plowed and harrowed well, and made into you are very sure to secure her, queen is in, let them entirely alone.
should be used. The experimental rich, run a shallow furrow and drop and the second attempt usually suc- Quite a few will come out and cluster
patch was on a slight slope. The up- the cut potatoes and then put on straw ceeds in hiving them all o. k. around the entrance, while others fasten -
per end of the patch was extremely thin, and run a furrow with a turn plow on Do not move the hives outside of the combs to the frames. When a
and the preceding season had refusedto each side and when the next rain the tent inside of four to six hours, as colony is first hived upon a set of
grow sweet potatoes. The land at comes plow out the middle and draw you want to give the bees time to get transferred combs they do not clusteron
the lower end of the slope was much the earth up with a hoe, covering the composed, the leaking honey licked said combs, but on the sides and
stronger, and it was this third of the straw. There will be potatoes as largeas up and in shape to defend themselves edges of the hive, and commence their
patch that probably produced three a marble before the tops come against any outside bees that may work of "licking up" and gluing fast
quarters of the entire yield. through the straw. One acre planted come round trying to pry in and rob. the combs from the outer edges, work-
"2d. The seed should be planted as with straw will produce more potatoes At the close of a day's work divide ing to the center gradually in course of
early as possible. This seems advis than three acres without straw. Do the bees that may still remain an hour,or maybe not for several hours.
able not only because the plant will not be afraid of having the land too clustered in the top of the tent around This depends a good deal upon how
have a longer season to mature bolls, rich or having too much straw. Plant where most needed, equalizing the colonies badly the combs are besmeared with
but by reason of the rains likely to every month in the year. There is as nearly as possible. Then set honey and also how warm the weatheris
commence in the early summer, and no trouble in having plenty of potatoesfor all the hives out on the old stands, or at the time.
which are needed to stimulate a vigorous family use, planting one peck each on new ones, and open up the endsor In
growth before the boll forming month in the year, if the land is not sides of the tent, and the few remaining transferring when there are not
process commences, at which time the too high. A small area brings big re- bees-be that a pint or a enough combs from the old hive to fill
plant should have attained its sults with it. Now all the frames of the new one, I gen-
nearly straw; try is the peck-will find homes in some of the
full growth, and the force expendedin time to begin for spring planting; have hives. If some get more than their erally in use the full sheets of comb foundation -
the be diverted to the the land do empty frames, and in plating -
plant can ready; not wait until share from any cause their places can
i them in the hives I sandwich thesein
fruit. spring opens for good results.F. : be exchanged with that of some
"3d. Fertilizing should be done C. :M. BOGGESS. weaker colony, and the flying bees between the frames full of combs;
this only in warm weather and with
twice the and besides ,
during season, Fort Ogden, Fla. once marking their own location will
i good average strong colonies, otherwise
the of the all-essential
application phos- return to strengthen the weak colon-
acid either in the form I they are placed-to one side.
phoric potash, ies. This plan of equalizing works
of muriate or kainit, should be sup. Apiary.Transferring well at any season when colonies are In from three to six days after transferring

plied. ",",,--r- flying freely and gathering honey. open the hive and remove the
and sticks that used to *' :-', "
When there are many colonies to strings were
.. ..
Letter from DeSoto County. Bees, No. IL :.' .
be transferred it is well to have sever- hold the combs in the frames.
Editor Farmer and -Grower: As fast as a surplus of bees get al wire-cloth cages for caging any When any combs are bulged or jarred
The long drought of six weeks is clustered in the top of the tent, with a queens one may happen to see as out of place they can be readjusted and
now broken, as we are having a fine long, handle, large, two quart size dip they go on with the work, and at the fastened. Sometimes it is well to look
rain today. The orange crop is now per, or other receptacle, take down close of the day these queens can be into the hives the very next day and
moving off rapidly and all is activity, and distribute at the entrance of the given to those colonies that are found see that all is straight and being fast-
gathering oranges, boiling sugar and hives which are weak in bees, or to queenless, or the colonies that don't ened correctly.In .
syrup, working up orange groves, pre- that have deserted in
any might altogether stay their hives. This has refer-
next I will tell how to
paring land for spring crop of vegetables and gone to the roof of the ence to them while still in the tent, render my combs into you nice
as the area will be large in the before removed your yellowwax
being without the of fire
tent.Some use stoves or
spring. ask, what becomes of the Where only two or three coloniesare
tobacco hot water, merely the heat of the sun.
The boom
has struck
queens, are they not lost? Very seldom to be transferred and the work
the Fort Ogden people; they are I. in actual work. If you fail to done in the open air, have your table A. F. BROWN.
afraid to begin, as they are none of San Mateo, Fla.
get a queen in each hive when you and bench to work upon about fortyor
them experts in growing and shake the cluster of bees into them, fifty feet off to one side from where .
curing tobacco. The lands here the bees will come out and desert the the stands of bees are, then when you C. W. Parsons, Seville, is author of
are similar in all respects to the land in hive. Where do they go? Why, remove the old hive from its place, set an interesting 62-page pamphlet, The
Cuba and there is no reason that the the of the Fibre Bearing Plants of Florida and
only to top tent, there to the new one right there and the flying ,
business would not be profitable. The cluster (like a natural swarm on a bees will cluster in it or about it. As an enthusiastic advocate of the exten-
worms are bad here and tobacco re bush) around their queen, and all you fast & you get a frame of comb ready sive planting of ramie, samples of
quires close attention. The troubleto have to do is to hive them over again. hang it in place; this will hold the which he showed us, also manufac-
procure the right kind of seeds and They cannot get away beyond your bees. When all are done and hung tured stuff from the fibre of the ramie
fear of failure keep people from plant reach, as they would in case the work into place, shake the bees in at the I plant. Mr. Parsons already has five
ing. They will gradually get at it. was done in the open air. The queenis top as before or down in front and see ; acres of ramie growing near Seville,
Now is the time to plant Irish pota very likely to be at or near the that they all go in; use a very little and intends to increase his farm at
toes, as they can be planted every lower portion of the cluster, and if smoke if necessary. Whes once all once. We will have more to say on
month in the year. Have the land you use a dishpan to jar them down in, that is, when you are e thekT this subject later.-Palatka Advertiser.


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J '

Poultry. put the bird or birds in the large other cuts of the same animal which, I

apartment, drop a spoonful of the properly cooked, are equally whole-

------------------------------------------------ mixture on the hot brick and cover some and nutritious. Orangesare

Edited by S. S.:DeLANOY Apopka Fla. with a cloth. Watch carefully, and Another point I wish to make is

be ready to remove the patients at that the man who goes into the coun- I

Mating.It once after two or three minutes' exposure try from the city at once finds himself heavy feeders of Potash.

to the fumes. It is easy to among a class of people who are Potash exerts a marked influence
soon will be time to mate yardsfor
up kill them suffocation. An I different from with
by exam wholly any people
breeding, and probably a few hintsin on the quality and quan-
ination will show a whitish membrane whom he ever associated ; they may
to selection will not be out I
tity of the fruit. Florida soils
forming in the throat. The be of the same nationality and speak
of place at this time. In order to be
absolutely that breeding formation of this may sometimes be i the same language, but they are more being largely deficient in Pot-
your checked the threat with the slaves ot their own environmentthan
fowls are free from contagion with by spraying ash, a heavy application of a
of with this for people he has met.
peroxide hydrogen or any ever
any outcros or inferior stock, it will be fertilizer containing not less
mula of Worse than that the of the
: i ounce glycerine, 5 drops people
to them at least one than
necessary pen up 12% ofActual
nitric acid liable to be
i gill water. country are very jealousof
month before for
selecting setting.
eggs All affected birds should be sepa city people,also suspicious of them.
The cock to head the should be
pen rated from the general flock, and care Such a state of things it will take Potashshould
vigorous and lively, as full of life and
should be exercised in handling them, years to overcome. Meantime the
fire select other
as possible to qual-
ities taken into consideration., He as it is thought the contagion may be new comers not only fail to find a be made. The best

communicated human Those spirit of but in
to beings. helpfulness, some cases
should head.qualities such in the will
possess as groves state bear
who use homeopathic remedies should they find the reverse. It is impossibleto

comb, face lobes, etc., carriage of give Mercurius Iodatus every two give any idea on paper of just wh t testimony to these facts.All .
tail and body, and plumage as near
hours.-Farm Journal. mayor may not be found in the coun- about Potash-the results of its use by actual!ex.
perfect as possible, especially in a solid periment on the best farms in the United Statesistold
-< try by city people who there to
colored In go in a little book which we publish and will gladly
variety. particoloredfowls Poultry Farming. nail free to any farmer in America who will write for it.

many breeders use different col- Among the excellent articles by stay.A few a friend of mine GERMAN KALI WORKS
years ago ,
ored males to produce standard 93 Nassau St.,New York,
"Poultry Farmer," one of the best is who had worked all his life in a shop,
females and males. It is ab-
on the subject "What Poultry Farms thought to try the poultry business.
solutely that the cock shouldbe
necessary Fail." Of course it is a foregone con- He heard of a small farm and went to
the have the size of the FAIRVIEW PINERY.
largest you clusion that they must fail-many of look at it. When he came home the

progeny depends more on the female them-or the whole business wouldbe first question his wife asked him was

side; so in selecting your male, don't a failure, being overdone. Equally if there were "green blinds on the .Choice
let size influence .
or weight to
you certain, no one who goes into it expects house." Such being the case, and
select inferior bird if wish best
an you to be the one to fail, or he other surroundings being equally sat-
results. In females the holds
opposite Pineapple
would not attempt it ; to him the fail- isfactory on inspection, the place was
the the better
good, larger providing ure must come to the other fellow. hired and the poultry farm started. It

they have the proper shape and car- Confidence in ourselves is an excellent is useless to go into details. In two Plants-

and otherwise stand-
riage are as near
ard thing-in fact, we would be nowhere years the family were back in the city -

requirements as possible. without it, and so it is well to occasion and the man at his old place in the -O FOR SALE. O-

Perfect birds we cannot mate, as ally sound the alarm and point out shop, and these people both worked .

perfection been attained.((100 per While cent.the) has aboveis not why they fail, in order that failure in hard too. Practical experience in the Smooth Cayenne!II! Home Grown !II!

yet particular lines may be avoided. affairs of everyday life, as well as in
written for .
more especially thorough- One reason of failure is that many business, was sadly lacking. Al-
breds still the rules
and laws
be, to same the barn- who go into it know nothing whateverof though the trials and difficulties were ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.F. .
can applied ordinary
business principles- They spent all great the man would have stuck to it, .
fows. If bred
yard nothing but the their lives in shops, stores and offices, but the woman would not. She felt
dung-hill, I should make an effort by N. PRICE,
and have never applied the principlesof the uncongenial condition of society

selecting and penning my best to business to themselves, not even so and surroundings more than he did.. P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.
breed from and thus increase the size
far as the purchase of household sup Surely there are many things to be
color and of flock
vigor my as my fancy plies, some of them not even buyingthe considered by those who would undertake -
should dictate rather than breed
year very clothes they wear. Their this occupation, because thereis HOME GROWN

after year, as the majority of peopledo wives know far more of practical nothing more certain that that --

when they have common stock, every-day business than they do. If someone must fail.-N. D. Forbes in

from anything and everythingknowing such as these would only allow their Poultry :Monthly. Pineapple Slips

not which hen laid the eggs, or better-halves-in truth as well as in .

which cock sired the chick. Try name-to run things, all might be A reporter of the Tropical Sun and SuckersOf
selection and if
see you are not satisfied well ; but alas, many don't even have visited the new town of Linton, Dade
with ,results the Following Varieties
obtaining a pure that advantage ; they have always county, and writes : Along the canal

bred cock possible. It will be the lived in boarding houses, and such a for half a mile each way from the SALE

stepping stone for something better thing as household economy, business main street is an unbroken chain of IZOR :
and more satisfactory in the end.
economy, or any other economy is 2acre gardens, everyone plantedout ABBAKA, PORTO RICO, EGYPTIAN
S. S. D.
wholly unknown to them, not havingever and green and thrifty as one could
made personal, practical application imagine. The trucking industry is ,
Diphtheria Fowls. PER-
of it. assuming big proportions here and the

This disease is common in the fall. The man who starts out to make a people are intelligent, progressive, in- NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH

months. We have already had sev- business of poultry farming, and uses dustrious, and confident of success. Apply to .

eral inquiries indicating that it has half his capital to buy a trap for his Everywhere one hears expressions of 0. C. MATTHAMS,

come to the flocks of our readers. wife and daughter to ride around in, satisfaction with the future prospectsof

The first symptom usually noticedis i certainly has not started right; nor is this interesting town. Sunday the Florida Pineapple Company,

heavy, difficult breathing and 'a it judicious to make display in any reporter accompanied by Linton's accommodating Orto. .

stretching up of the neck. After a direction. Far better here and there postmaster, stolled along :MADDOCK & :MATTHAMS,

while the comb turns purple and the structures of turf and cornstalks than the canal, past a dozen farms and up West Palm Beach Fla
bird suffocates. We do not know of too much ornate architecture. When to the noted celery farm of Dade -- ----

any "sure cure" for this very trou- any man contemplates the expenditure county. Here were to be seen count-

blesome complaint, but recommend a of money in any direction it is always less thousands of plants in all stagesof INFORMATION G 0 L D!

trial of the following : well to think it over and see if it growth, while at the extreme north Worth lt'a Weight In

Take a large, long shoe box and is necessary; also to see if less money end of the track was a fine stand of will For tell your you name bow to and make address the on best a postal wire card fence,we

make a partition a foot from the will not carry out the same object justas cauliflower, in most excellent condi- on pig-tight earth,,horse-high at the lLCtua.l wholesale,bull-strong cost f wire and

small end and cover the bottom of well. I admit that "the best is tion. Kltselman Bros' BoxB. Ridgevllle, Ind.
this with -.: _=:: -.-_ -. -=-_- :')j'=t.-:-::= :--_,- '.--.:: -:-.-__ '
apartment coal ashes. Mix cheapest in the end" is often a good :

a tablespoonful each of pine tar turpentine maxim. This applies forcibly to the Some of our citizens are showing
and a faith in peach growing. E. H. Hayward NEWMQMMOTHPoultry
sulphur few of horse
adding purchase a a wagon, or a
Guide for 1897.Bom
has sold in the last few
drops of carbolic acid and a pinch suit of clothes, but it does not follow weeks thing entirely new;almost 100 pace;eon
of Heat over 5,000 trees to be planted this talus lithograph plate of Fowl*in natural
camphor. brick
gum a very that a family must live on porterhouse colon;plans for poultry houses,remedies
hot and lay it on the ashes. Now month in DeLand and vicinity.DeLand and recipes for all disease.;how to make
steaks and rikJPast when there are 3 ?. Poultry and Gardening pay;only IS cent
i Record. John Banjcber,Jr.,Box 81 Freeport,Hl



..'. -, -
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

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l .


News. Our Rural Home. a contrivance for doing this work in garment may fit closer at the sides.A .
State the porches of the church of Bethesda. full soft front of satin in old rose
-..,.. - -""- --"""-"" by-the-Sea, and afterwards carried out and cream shades was held at the
A Miakka farmer brought in totown Novelties in Gifts. the same plan on the porches of Com. waist by the ribbon belt. The revers
last week the fruit from his one grape- For Our Rural Home. Clark's residence. were also of the satin and were edged
fruit tree. There were 356 of them As a writer in a well-known journal And again, be sure and have all the with a narrow, smooth-edged, cream-
and they brought him $39.56. His says, everything this year is em- ground under your house laid with colored lace. The full puff sleeves
only misfortune was that he hadn't a broidered," painting seems to be con- cement, it will forever keep the sandy reached only to the elbow and had
thousand trees. -Manatee River fined mostly to china and porcelain, soil from drifting out from around the full ruffles of wide cream lace. This
buttons, miniatures, bric a-brac, etc., foundation piers. It will forever pre- sack was more elaborate and of
leaving all sorts of articles made with vent rats and roaches from harboring course, cost somewhat more than the
large sloop owned by the Guld Fabrics for the embroiderer's needle. I in your house. and will confer upon other.
bransen Brothers, of Banana River, Household books with embroidered : you domestically a feeling akin to Dressing gowns are handy things to
loaded down
was in town Monday linen covers seem unusually popular. what you have personally in wearinga have to slip on at night, or to lounge
with over 200 crates of palmetto ber- There are books for clippings, market clean shirt and collar. around in before retiring, for a woman
ries, which have been gathered on accounts and cash accounts, all long Better by far to cut down expensesby usually has a hundred and one little
Banana River by J. P. Turner for Mr. and narrow. Ecru linen seems to be dropping from your plain ornamental things to attend to before she can
E. 'V. Amsden, of Ormond. Mr. used the and the front is and and
most, cover filagree work, adoptingsuch close her eyes in sleep. Deep red or
Turner also had a quantity of palmetto embroidered in Asiatic wash silks, for essential things as indicated gray flannels make useful dressing
berries drying on the steamboat dock the cover is adjustable and must be above.Tropical Sun.Nervousness gowns. They are always made loosein
leading from the warehouse toward the slipped off once or twice a year and front and back and the fullness
city dock. Mr. Turner has the con- washed, that is, if used about the of Pet Birds. may be confined by either a heavy
tract for supplying Mr. Amsden with kitchen or pantry. These books are "Birds are extremely nervous in.. cord and tassels or by a ribbon. Theyare
18,000 pounds of these berries, and acceptable New Year's gifts. their organization," suggested a well I usually open all the way down
this boat load with the berries alreadyon For foundation use a 15 or 20 cents known raiser and dealer in singing the front, but many are provided with
the dock must about make that account book. One filled with relia- birds, "and those who enjoy their buttons, so they may be closed if de
complement. The sloop started ble and favorite receipts would be es company should not allow themselvesto sired. It takes four yards of yard-
Monday for Ormond.-Florida Star. speaially nice for a bride's gift, and if forget it. In nine cases out of wide material for a dressing sack and
Mr. J. S. Jolly has been here for a for wedding present, the cover couldbe every ten, when birds lose their song, about ten for a dressing gown. They
week superintending the preparatorywork as elaborate as one chose using it is because they have been frightened. make most desirable Christmas gifts,
of changing the gauge of the St. white linen and solid embroidery of They are so high strung in the matterof I and every woman would appreciate
J. & L. E. R'y. This railroad is fifty Asiatic filo floss. A new fancy this nerves that a fright results in par- one.-Prairie Farmer.
miles long and is one of the best winter is a case for small doilies, and alysis, which in many cases results .*
feeders in the State for the Plant Sys- every household is supposed to be supplied permanently. I don't think there is any A Furniture Oil.
tem. The main line of the road runs with these little useful linens. cure for it, unless it is to endeavor to Every housekeeper finds it necessary -
from Lane Park on Lake Harris They are about ten inches square; likea assure the bird that it will have better I now and then to clean her furniture -
around the. south, east and north sides book cover, in fact, the doilies being treatment hereafter. Persons should Dust and steam play havoc with
of Lake Eustis and the south side of laid between to keep them fresh and never show a stuffed or dead bird to a polished surfaces, even in the most
Lake Griffin. It connects with the unwrinkled. Use stiff pasteboard for caged bird. careful households, and careless han
main line of the Plant System at Lees- foundation, cover with one thicknessof "Only recently one of my custom. dling by children and others mars
burg, forming a semi circle, and passes cotton sheeting or wadding; then ers had a favorite bird stuffed. It many a nice piece of furniture. Re-
through the country known as Orange with the twilled linen or canvas that was one of a pair. The stuffed bird peated varnishings are troublesomeand
Bend, famous for many years as an must be stamped and worked pre was shown to the live bird, and the costly, and as soap and water is
orange producing region. A branch viously. The word doilies" runs result was it died in less than an hour.It out of the question, something else
runs also from Fort Mason almost di- from corner to corner and must be simply could not stand the fright. I which will impart a new luster and
rectly north to Astor on the St. Johns outlined with a hard twisted silk, as have known a number of birds to be brightness must be found. Linseed oil
River. It is one of the most desir- Asiatic etching or twisted embroidery.The frightened out of their song by seeing and kerosene have been tried with
able pieces of railroad property in the letters may be as elaborate as one stuffed birds on the hats and bonnetsof success. Kerosene is better than turpentine -
State. The road is being changed to wishes, with scroll embellishments or ladies. Take a frightened bird in which many cleaners use, be-
facilitate the handling of fall and win- flowers twined about them.A your hand, and you will see and feel cause it does not roughen the glossy
ter vegetables which are being plantedon word to those who have embroid- that the pulsations of its heart are surfaces.
a large scale.-Leesburg Commercial. ered linens for the holidays : Don't very rapid and violent. Heart failure .*. .
wash them one at a time, but have a kills many birds, though other causes Hints to Housekeepers.
During the early part of this montha general washing-up day. Never cut are blamed for their deaths. When Success in cooking dried fruits depends -
case of great importance to the the scalloped edges until after they are ladies put on their dress hats, especially largely upon little cooking and
orange growers and shippers of Floridawas laundered, as the edges will look if they have stuffed birds on them, long soaking. Cover the fruit. with
argued before the Supreme Courtof rough; use only pure soap; Ivory is they should keep away from bird cold water and let it stand a short time
the United States. It was that of best, as it can be rubbed directly upon cages.Washington Evening Star. soften any dirt that may adhere to
the S. F. & W. Railway Company the silks without injuring the colors. it. Then wash the fruit, rubbing it
against the Florida Fruit Exchange, Be sure the stamped design is washedout Dressing-Clowns and Sacks. carefully between the hands. Thor
involving a considerable sum of ; wring them as dryas possible, Two handsome dressing sacks oughly rinse the fruit and cover it with
money. The sum of money alluded. running them through the wringer flat; finished recently for Christmas pres- plenty of cold water, letting it soak
to was accumulated by the railroad wrinse and wring again, then roll up ents were so pretty that a descriptionof twenty-four hours. Then drain out
company named through excessive in clean white cloth for fifteen min- them would probably be appre- the fruit and to the water add half a
charges on oranges shipped over their utes when they will be about dry ciated here. pound of sugar for each pound of
line. The wisdom of the Fruit Ex- enough to iron. Iron upon the wrong One for a young girl was gathered dried fruit. When the sugar and
change was plainly demonstratedwhen side, upon clean white flannel, which quite full at the neck, both back and water have cooked clear, put in the
they engaged Hon. C. M. brings out the embroidered design.Cut front. A large square collar was fruit, taking care not to crowd it, and
Cooper to represent the orange out the edges with sharppointedscissors trimmed with ecru lace and insertion only cook it until it is just tender.
growers in the .matter before the and lay the pieces flat until laid over the edge as a finish. A two- According to the Medical Record;
Interstate Commerce Commission.The perfectly dried. ELIZABETH. inch-wide, dark-red ribbon was tied eggs are useful in the following applications
case subsequently came up in around the waist with a bow in front. : "A mustard plaster made
the United States Circuit Court at Notes on Southern House Building The material in this sack was a beauti- with the white of an egg will not leavea
Jacksonville, and resulted in a victory Look to it well that all the sills, and iully figured red cotton fabric, resem- blister. A raw egg, taken immedi-
for the orange growers. The railroad plates and joists exposed to dampnessare bling soft cotton flannel. The woolly ately, will carry down a fishbone that
company then carried it to the United treated with carbolineum; it will side was in and the outside looked exactly cannot be extracted. The white skin
States Circuit Court of Appeals at save much trouble in after years, like woolen goods. The bishop that lines the shell is a useful applica-
New Orleans, where another victoryfor specially attend to this point in the sleeves were finished at the waist tion to a boil. White of egg, beatenup
the growers was achieved. The case of an open porch where rains with narrow lace, and the whole gar. with loaf sugar and lemon, relieves
case now has been carried to the beat in. You will be fortunate if you ment cost less than $1.50. Another hoarseness, a teaspoonful taken once
court of last resort, the Supreme can get a mechanical genius like, for handsome one was made of old rose every hour. An egg in the morningcup
Court of the United States, and argu- instance, Mr. H. Sanders of Man- cashmere. The back was quite plain of coffee is a good tonic. A raw
ment having been made, that tribunalhas gonia, to flash with copper around all and the little fullness at the waist was egg, with the yolk unbroken, in a glass
taken it under consideration.- pillars and floors adjoining walls exposed laid'in fine pleats. Tjteseams under i of wine, is beneficial for convales'cents. -
Leesburg Commercial. to rain. The Sanders invented the arms were cut out fe'ttle that the ."




-" '- -
---- -




One Hundred and Twenty Millions O.a..g..g.. 8&. 0

Interest Paid by the Southern t J t ORANGE'S CHERRY=PLUM,

Farmers. Cramps, \ \ Croup, 1 s an Enormous Bearer and Pe rfectly Hardy Throughout the

There are two million farmers in the i Colic Coughs, 1 Wild Plum Belt.

South. These two million farmers pay t .Tooth- \ It ripens its fruit, even in Florida, in July and August after the cherries in the
North are gone. They are a perfect freestone and for combination for all
one hundred and twenty millions inter- Colds, ache 1 a cooking
t t purposes, such as pies, tarts, jellies, jam, sweet pickles, (preserves, evaporated, etc.,
est to the cotton broker, the merchant or .I the y are superior to any northern cherry. They are so solid I have shipped themo

other t Diarrhoea Boston, where they remained over a week before cooking, and were pronounced
parties for the use of three hun- ,
till y equal to the best cherries sold in that noted market.

dred million dollars with which to grow Dysentery, t f"It is a p.uzzteto everybody-half plum and half cherry. You have a ru1Itreasure.-Farmer and

their crops. They buy the corn,the hay, f and all Bowel Complaints. Fruit Grower.
Cherry-Plum is a valuable acquisition to our lists of fruits."-Florida Agriculturist,
the bacon, the canned goods and butter t "The sauce has.a richer color and flavor than the cherry,and free from the acidity of the plum.-
1 1 A Sure Safe
Quick Cure for Halifax Journal.
and eggs (if they have any) at the store. these troubles Is M'1 trees are mostly budded on seedlings from the parent tree. Fine two-year-old, wel
i branched. 410 6 feet, 40 cents $4 dozen-2 to feet,
; per 4 30 cents; ft per dozen.
which raise the farm in
they might on or qL1 Mannville, Florida. WM. L. ORANGIt.

the garden, while the flour and groceries -

might be paid for by an exchange of butter nJfjllea: Seeds to Burn.- .4

and eggs that could easily have been t
. It is the trusted friend of theY t
produced on the farm, mostly by wife FOR A PERIOD
Mechanic Farmer
Planter, 'f OF SECTEEH YEARS Landreths' Seeds
and child help, without any money out- 0 Sailor, and in fact all classes. THE PURCHASERS OF
Used internally or externally.
lay.This 'r have been protected by our Dated Papers and our BURNING SYSTEM,which gives your
one hundred and twenty millionsis :l Beware of imitations. Take f Local Merchant the Privilege of Burning his Stock Left Over at the end of the season, thus
assuring to his customers Fresh Seeds Every Year. D. Landreth& Sons are not Seed Merchants
three times the amount of interest X none but the genuine PERRY T depending upon others for their supplies,but are Seed Farmers and Grow their Own
DAVIS." Sold Stocks from the Most Perfect Types and under the experienced eye and direction of mem-
the United States everywhere.
paid by Governmenton f bers of the Firm. This work has been going on since 1784,and the business is now conductedby
the national debt. O the Third and Fourth Generations. This in itself is a Guarantee that the Seeds are as
A 25c. and 50c. bottles. 5 good as seeds can be made. Ask your local Merchant for LANDRETHS'. Observe the Date
It is equal to one-half of the pensions 9 on each Packet,and if he does not keep Landreths' on sale, send us a Postal for our CATA.
O o "01foO """J.o "' c+ o LOGUE which contains Truthful Descriptions and Sound Practical Information and we will
paid all the war veterans of the United fill your order direct from Headquarters. Mention this paper.

States.It It might be well to take another day to Address DAVID LANDRETH & SONS, Seed Farmers, Philadelphia, Penna.
consider and take the wife into consult i-
is more than one-ninth of all the expenses tion, and possibly call in your neighbor- '
short time and for a small amounton
very -
of the United States Government, two heads are better than one-to talk its capital, and the small profits from
the 434 O
matter over with you. Let us help -
tilling the soil certainly will not.
including and Congress a little: "Say Jones how much
army navy, pen- you ,
If the farmers of the South will heed
sions, foreign relations salaries, river and you suppose we spent the suggestions of the Southern Ruralistthe
ing down a store box discussing tariff or AUSERS LIQUID EXTRACTiFSMQKE
harbor improvements and interest on the free trade, free coinage of silver or more per capita crop lien of sixty dollars a SEID FOR
year interest paid by the two million CIRCU i. ..E.KRAUSER&BRIM1UON.OIThe :
greenbacks or charging the
public debt.It gold bugs I: Southern farmers can be lifted. Some
with all our misfortunes when
we might
is one-tenth of all the interest paidon have been growing the articles consumed pay less and some pay a great deal more,
but that is the Some Rawls-Williams
average. we are Company
by our stock and families which
all debts, public and private, in the our on glad to know, have lifted that incubus, ,
we are paying 20 or 30 per cent profit and "\.VHOLESALB
and have wherewith each to make
United States, including the national an additional 12 per cent for the privilege ., year
the farm better well to the
of doing it?" as as provide
public debt, the debts of States, counties, comforts of the family. ProthiceandCommissioll.
And Jones will probably reply: "Smith, The Southland is a goodly land, and
cities, towns: ,mortgages on farms,houses, if we had put one-fourth of that cotton' when the burdens of bad legislation, exorbitant _

personal property,railway and street car area into supplies for our stock and fami- railway transportation rates,
lies we would not only not have had to commission frauds and transactions, and PRODUCE AND POULTRYa
lines, and property of every description.Now pay that 40 per cent interest to enable us above all, the self-imposed crop liens are Specialty.
.Q-Domestic and Foreign Fruits in sealon.U
we ask the Southern farmer to to grow cotton, but the three-fourths ofa removed, an era of prosperity, such as Hay, Grain, Flour and Canned Goods.
crop of cotton would have brought us the world has not known, be real- ,
stop might be profitableto more
money. ized. The Ruralist will help you if you
spend a day considering the subject. It is by a process of industrious, diver- : will co-operate. This number of the i Honest Returns Guaranteed same day of sale.
sified, intensive farming that the New I Ruralist will reach many new readers. Consignments solicited. Give us a trial
Would not the following be a pertinent England farmer on a cold, stony, leachy, Help it to bring about the Southern farm- We will be pleased to send you our Quotationson

question: "Am I not paying a good deal soil, has grown his own living, and with ers' millenium.-Southern Ruralist.I I application.
Offices and Salesroom, and West
500 502 Bay St.
improved dairy stock makes 250 to 400 .. .
more than my proportion of the interestof Warehouses, F.C. & P.Yards,Jacksonville, Fla.
pounds of butter from
... .each. cow. per. .year, The Agriculturist makes the following
the country? And then another ana WIth nogs mat take out a minimumof practical-suggestions in commending the

question: "Who is to blame for my pay- grain to fatten, and chickens that pro- kitchen garden: This story is told of a Western farmer

ing on three hundred millions of dollars duce the maximum number of eggs in a "The first great thing to impress upon who brought to town a load of oats which
season: has not only lived, and instead of the people is the fact that the vegetables I he sold for six cents a bushel. After the
one-tenth much all
the other
as as
sixty- paying 40 per cent, has a snug little sum I can be grown, and the next is to induce sale he went into a restaurant and paid
eight millions of people are paying on in the savings bank, bringing in 3 to 5 them to count the cost of the canned twenty cents for a sandwich and a cup of

twenty thousand millions of dollars (or per cent interest.It goods they buy. We think if the aver- coffee ; that lunch represented three and

twenty billions),the entire interest bear- is with a desire to see the people age Floridian will keep a little book and one-half bushels of oats. Threeand one-
occupying the most favored spot on earth half bushels of oats are pretty fora
debt and enter in it the amouut of his vegetable steep
ing public private,of the coun- the States bordering on the Gulf of Mex- bills-or bills that would not necessarily cup of coffee and ham sandwich.

try?" ico and adjoining States, avail themselvesof be incurred if his table was supplied Would it have been mean for the

And then another question for the the possibilities of their heritage, and with fresh vegetables-he will soon be farmer to have ascertained before eating
use that 40 per cent for the improvementof impressed with the profits and advant- the lunch what it would cost, and to de-
Southern farmer: "Is anybody to blame their homes, the comfort of their ages of a family garden." cline it when he discovered that it was

but myself? Does it not mostly come wives, the education of their children, > double the price charged in common by

from my paying, in addition, 12 per centor that the Ruralist presents these unwel- Catarrh Cannot be Cured good restaurants, and saved the value of
more for the privilege of paying 20 come truths. three and one-half bushels of oats, buy-
There is plenty of energy in the South, with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they ing therewith, if he did not take it home
30,40 and sometimes 50 per cent profit for I properly directed by a little more brain cannot reach the seat of the disease. Ca- with him, two good brooms or some

articles that I could raise on the farm or I work in adapting means to ends, to tarrh is a blood or constitutional disease, other convenience to his wife, togetherwith
in'the garden, or in the poultry ;yard? change its run-down-at-the-heel condi- and in order to cure it you must take internal a sharpened appetite for the smok-
Have I not devoted all my energies to tion to one of great prosperity and com- remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure is ing supper she would have in readinessfor

growing cotton or cane, or oranges, or fort. The New South is coming, by a taken internally, and acts directly on the him.
pineapples, increasing the product until slow process of education, and the a, b, c blood and mucous surface. Hall's Ca- .......
the price in the market scarcely coveredthe of that education will be the learning to tarrh Cure is not a quack medicine. It The cotton crop has had many drawbacks -

cost of production, at the same time save that 40 per cent on mortgaged crops. was prescribed by one of the best physicians in all the Gulf and seaboard States,
paying 40 per cent for money to do it The Southern Ruralist has been fight-- in this country for years, and"is a and with a general return of confidence,
with while I should have been makingmy ing the farmers' battles against razor- : regular prescription. It is composed of the mills all running, there will be no

hay.and grain, my beef and pork, my backs and scrub-cow legislation and high the best tonics known, combined with low priced cotton this year.
butter and eggs and vegetables on the transportation charges, but the worst the best blood purifiers, acting directly on .
farm and in the garden?' devil-fish of all that is crushing the pros- the mucous surfaces. The perfect combination The Southern farmer has raised more of
And while on the stand and considering perity of the Southern farmer is the crop of the two ingredients what produces his own and his cattle's food this year than

an answer to these humiliating questions lien-mortgaging the crop for means to such wonderful results in curing ever before, and if he has a cash crop in

one more question: "Am I going grow it withjpSo manufacturing or mer- Catarrh. Send for testimonials, free. cotton or cane, or something else it will
to keep on being the fool I have been, cantile buiPUs can stand 40 per cent, F. J. CHENEY &CO.,Props., Toledo,0. be a good time to get out from under that
burning the candle at both ends?" nor even w. r cent, except for a very Sold by druggists, prici 75c. crop Ben that has so long crushed him.




'"- -.- -- -- ..,- '__ .. .. ._ .." ____... __ __,,' ._,,_ '_._.. _d ...-
-- -
--- -



It is a waste of breath for Florida boxes of oranges and a million crates economic plants, which shall be made
Florida Farmer and> Fruit Grower. to. claim that as good tobacco can be of peaches-both to be strictly high- up largely from type specimens.
produced here as in those two famous class fruit-would be better for every- 3. To simplify the matter of nomen-
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main islands. The same principle applies body concerned than five million boxesof clature.

Street, Jacksonville.P1a. here as with oranges. The oranges of! oranges.It 4. To aid the student of varieties as
Jamaica and Mexico are good enough I is the part of%wisdom for the fruit- well as of plants under culture.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION but they are not produced by the right growers to have something to sell two 5. To secure to the originator of a

For One Year ...............................fr.oo race of men, and the only orange- or three times a year instead of once true variety some reward for his labor,
For Six ..... i.oo growers we actually have to fear are only. Some of the most noted orange the same as is now accorded the in-
In Foreign Countriei ......... ............. 3.00 our own countrymen in California. growers of the State, whose splendid ventor.
;Subscriptions in all cases cash in Holding themselves rigidly to the success with this one fruit removed The incorporation of such a clause
advance. No discount allowed on one's fact that they cannot produce as goodan them from all possibility of falling into (No. 5)) will, I am sure, secure the .
own subscription(except in a club), but to article, under natural conditions, financial straits-such men as Rev. hearty operation of all plant Heed-

be all mowed a on liberal all subscriptions cash commission obtainedby will as Cuba, let our planters brace them- Lyman Phelps, Dudley W. Adams andJ. ers, nurserymen and seedmenyand this
them. Write for terms. selves on their nationality. Cuba is P. Mace-felt that it was wise to co-operation we must have in order to
To every new subscriber we will send, weltering in blood and fire, but she have "two strings to their bow," and advance the scientific ends sought.It .
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- will come out some day and produceher experimented with peaches, even in is further proposed that this cen-
ing in Florida." For two new sub- incomparable leaf again, then our the zenith of their success with oranges. tral bureau be made a part and parcelof
scribers, at $2.00 each, will send
we ,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange occupation will be gone unless we These far-sighted men mostly aban the present Division of Pomologyof
Culture." have built it on a solid basis. Let doned peach culture on account of ex- the United States Department of .
Bates of advertising on application. our planters imitate the insect-like cessive transportation charges; and now Agriculture. A very valuable nucleusfor
Remittances should be made by check, patience and painstaking of those is the brief but golden opportunity, ( the beginning of such work is had
postal note money order or registered island-growers in watching and caringfor which may not occur again in a life- 'in the fruit models now in the museumof
letter to order of their plants and freeing them from time, when the missing oranges leave a that department.
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER parasites. Let them procure the best yawning void and the transportation Each person interested in this matter
Jacksonville Fla. seed possible, select the choicest seed companies are eager for business, to establish will kindly formulate his ideas on the
bed location on the farm, sow a suc- peach culture upon a basis from subject and send to some member of
CONTENTS.FARM cession of beds so that plants may be which it can never again be thrown the committee who will put them in
in abundance to make a perfect stand down. such form that a bill be draftedat
ITEMS.......................... ...... 80Gaovz may
and plant five acres instead of six. t an early date and presented before
AND ORCHARD-Percentage of Or-
ange Groves Abandoned ; Limes in the Perhaps West Florida and the Shall we Have a Sureau of Plant Congress. The idea in having the
Northern Markets; Mexican and Florida West Coast may make the nearest ap- Registration? members of the committee so scatteredis
Oranges, Cherimoyer in Manatee; The proach to Sumatra and the East Editor Farmer and Fruit-G rower: to get the needs of the several sec-
Grape ............ ..... ....... ...... 803 Coast attain most nearly to Cuba-it The question of establishing a bureaufor tions of the United States as well rep-

PINERY Probabilities-The Pineapple........-..Uses.....,..Culture.........and.... 804 matters not. The Farmer and Fruit the registration of plants, in con- resented as practicable. It is hoped _
TOBACCO-Tobacco on the East Coast......... 805 Grower knows no section or shore in nection with the present Division of that each one interested will lend
FARMER AKDTJlucJtEJt-Ginger in Florida; this matter; it labors only for the solid Pomology, was brought before the hearty co operation in the matter.
Sea Island Cotton in Peninsular Florida.. 805 prosperity of Florida.i I Section of Botany and Horticultureof SECRETARY.
letter from DeSoto County .... ......... 806 ...- .. the Association of American Auburn, Ala.Economics.
APIARY-Transferring Bees, No. 2. ...... 8c6 Peach Culture Spreading.In .. -Agricultural .
POULTRY Mating; Diphtheria in Fowls; Colleges Experiment
Poultry Fanning......................... 807 a brief interview with Mr. Ed. Stations, by Prof. L. C. Corbett, of for the Farmer.
OUR RURAL HOME-Novelties in Gifts;Noteson Winter, the manager for Mr. John B. the West Virginia University. Aftera Agricultural colleges and experiment
Southern Housebuilding; Nerrouness Stetson, of DeLand, he stated that he careful consideration of the matter, stations are teaching the science of ag-
in Pet Birds; Dressing-Gowns and Sacks; riculture. But they are not
the Section committee generally
is preparing to plant seventeen acres appointed a to
Furniture Oil; Hints to Housekeepers. .. 808
$120,000,000 Interest Paid by Southern of peach trees in the six hundred and report upon the feasibility of the teaching farm economics and the importance -

Farmers........... ...... ................ 809 odd acres of the Stetson orange groves, scheme, and to suggest the outline ofa of markets. Science is con-
EDITORIAL-Cuba; Sumatra; Florida; Peach between the trees. Others have planted plan to be presented to Congress at stantly showing the farmer how to in-
Culture Spreading; Bureau of Plant Registration or will plant, making thirtyfiveacres an early date. The committee consists crease the annual product per acre in
; Economics for the Farmer..... 810 of I' cereals and other staples but the
with a strong probability of an L. C. Corbett, Morgantown, great
Markets; Our St. Louis Letter; Orangesand
Pines ............... ........._........ 811 orchard of forty acres more, making W. Va., chairman; W. A. Taylor, question confronting each tiller of the
United States Department of soil is, how to secure satisfactory remuneration -
-Some Essential Facts About seventy-five acres in all. This is at Agriculture
Insects, No. 6 ............................. 812 DeLand be it stated the heart of the Washington, D. C. ; Prof. L H. for the results of his toil.
Items....... ............................. 814 which Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y. F. S. Earle In view of this, it is a legitimate function -
region, not months ; ,
Which is ....... many
the Real Friend of Florida? 816 of the of
ago regarded a peach tree almost with Auburn, Ala.; and C. H. Shinn, Department Agricultureto
Weather in:Jacksonville. scorn. Probably there will be two Berkeley, Cal. place before the farmers of the
'Week Ending Dec. 1-4, 1896 hundred acres or more planted in The idea is to have some place in United States as many facts and fig
-- u Volusia county, though the once the United States where all plants ures relative to markets as it is possi-
a a tie a !.8= ble to
placed the market be officially
upon can obtain.'t'
DATE b a .. oS = v o w flourishing orange growers even yet ..
00 00 ::s ::a a ::a H speak half-apologetically of it as a registered, numbered, and a -
Dec.8 ..-...... -55 -63 -74 -S3 -21 -64 -.00 temporary measure resorted to while description, together with specimensof Mr. A. S. Parmlee has just reached

Dec.9 Dec. 10................ 61 54 S9 65 74 69 SIS 53: 16 16 66 61 .00.00 the orange sprouts are growing up and the bloom, seed, foliage, and fruit, DeFuniak Springs from Michigan,
Dec. ii ........ 50 58 73 49 24 61 .00 which will be out of the way by the placed on record. When it is not bringing a carload of supplies and
Dec.Dec. 13 la ................ 44 57 60 64 68 7' 43 55 30 13 62 58 .00 oo time they are grown. practicable to preserve the original, furniture. He is now building a large
Dec.14........ 60 65 65 56 9 60 .54 On the contrary, let us hope that colored casts are to be prepared, as in and commodious house there. Mr.
Mean ..........-54 -62 -71 -52 -18 -62 -* .54 the peach trees of South Florida may the case of citrous, drupaceous and Carrington, from Texas, also arrivedin
Total have land of their own and a fair pomaceous fruit, as well as vegetables.In the last few days, with a carload of
rainfall.A.. J. MITCHELL. Observer. chance, and that they may never be all cases where plants are sent goods and ISO stands of bees. He
.. "out of the way." There are several for registration, spcimens of flowers, will establish an apiary at the point
Cuba, Sumatra, Florida. varieties of early peaches, which, foliage, fruit, root, tuber or seed must named.Pensacola News.
One of the most successful tobacco when grown with the same care and accompany the application. All vege- .
growers in the State said to the writer lavish use of fertilizer have the same tables must be accompanied by a given The little town of Phoenix, on the
recently that he had abandoned the distinctive and superior character as amount of seed (to be determined) to High Springs division of the South
Sumatra variety; that he could not afford the budded Florida orange and com- be preserved for purposes of notingthe Florida railroad, has struck a bonanza.A .
to grow it even at $2 a pound, mand equally with it the highest mar- duration of cultural varieties, the number of wealthy capialists from
for, though unsurpasssd for wrappers, ket prices in the North. There is a influence of climate during any seriesof North Carolina have located a large
it Is so bitter, as to be unfit for fillers certain fascination and glamor in years, or in any locality. A further turpentine distillery at that place.
and all the spoiled leaves are there- the orange business, yet even Tan- purpose of the seed shall be to grow They have purchased the timber on
fore a dead loss. On the other hand gerines at $12 a box are no better plants for purposes of identifying the some 40,000 acres of land and will
the Vuelta Ab'ajo of Cuba, though inferior than Peentoes at $8 a bushel. Both sort. begin operations with a force of 400
to Sumatra a wrapper, is an these splendid prices have been at- ENDS SOUGHT. hands at once.-Baptist Witness.
all-round good variety, and leaves tained than and be ...
more once can I. To discourage the duplication of
Apple trees, sprayed or unsprayed, the
ruined for wrappers by slight punc- again, though, of course, they only names, and the renaming of old sorts present season, have borne like the old
tures, etc., serve admirably as fillers or serve as a high-water mark. But there for commercial purposes. times of fifty years ago. Recent short
binders and nothing is lost. can be no question that four million 2. To form a national fiBbarium of crops have partially destroyed the in

'!,.. .


.-- --__. 0-_ .. . .-,




flarkets. the delayed steamer and a eonsiderable THE
a quantity of all kinds, being unsalable for

freight charges, was abandoned to the '

comrany's agents. Beeets, per bbl, 75c FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA
to 100 ; cucumbers, Florida. fancy, per
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. crate, 125 to 1 75 ; com. to fair. 50c to ,

Corrected by Marx Bro. 100; cauliflowers, extra fancy, per bbl, JACKSONV ILh1 .
3 00 to 3 50; good to prime, 200 to 2 50; The Oldest
These are average quotations. Extra choice National Bank in the State.
egg plant, Florida, per 1-2 bbl box, 60c to
lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor 1 00; per bbl 100 to 2 00 ; garlic, per 100 CHARTERED 1874. CHARTER

lots seUlower.Florida bunches, 5 00 to 5 50; lettuce, Florida, EXTENDED, 1894.By .

Oranges .................:.. 3 50 per 1-2 bbl basket, 1 00 to 2 00; eastern, conservative,yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
Apples, ...........................bbl 1.75 to 2.25 per dozen, 15c to 35c peas, Florida strength We and and ability sell to meet all legitimate demands.
Pines, ......... ..........crate 4..00 ; per drafts buy all foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing our own
Lemons, Messina................ box 3.75 crate, 100 to 1 50; peppers, Florida, per We on invite parts visit of the world.
English Peas, dried.............bu ;.5o baskets or carrier, 75c to 125 ; squash, favors shall at a all times or correspondence receive ,looking toward business relations, assuring you that youi
Peanuts best brand...... ........ .04 to. .05 Florida, white, per crate, 50c to 100()(); intelligent and careful attention
Cabbage. New York..........each .07$ JAMES M. SCHUMACHER
Potatoes,N. Y.. ....... ........bbl 150 string beans, Florida, express, basket or R. C. COOLEY
...... .......5 barrel lots 1.40 crate, 150 to 2 00 ; green, freight, 1 00 President. Cashier.
.... .....................sack 1.35 to 175; tomatoes, southern Florida, per Safe
.........5s&CklQta J.JO Deposit Boxes For Rent.
carrier to 2 50 crate 400 to
Early Rose, seed. ... J.8S ; per ,
Onions N.Y............... .. .bbl 2.50 60c.
.... ... ..... -
Peas,black eye .bushel J.so
brown-eye,..... ............bu J.2S SEEDS SEEDS SEEDS !
.. clay ................ ......bu 1.10 Philadelphia Markets.
Turnips,N.Y.... .... ............bbl J 50 December A FULL STOCK OF
., Beets....................... .....bbl 2.00 Philadelphia 11.-Oranges,
Parsnips,...................._.....bbl 2.50 Florida, choice to fancy, 3.00 to 4.00; New Field and Garden Seeds
Carrots, ..........................bbl 2.50 grape fruit, Florida choice to fancy, 5.00
Eggs....... -.-. ..........._ doz .22 to 7.00 Florida
; Tangerines, choiceto ADAPTED TO THE SOUTH.
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. fancy, 9.00 to 12.00

Corrected by Davis & Robinson. NEW SOUTHERN VEGETABLES. ONION SETS

Yellow Yams,bush, .................... 30 to.35 String beans, Florida, green or wax, RED AND YELLOW, $4.00 per Bushel.
Sweet Potatoes, .......... ........... .25 to .30 per box or basket 75c to 2.00; green WHITE
Hubbard squash, bbl.................. I.so peas, 1.25 to 2.50 cucumbers 1.00 $4.50 'I
Lettuce, doz.,.......... ..............-. no demand ; Send for price list.
Celery .. .. .. .......... .........._ .30 to .40 to 2.50; egg plants, per orange box, L.
Egg Plants bbl...................... 1.50 75c to 1.50; per barrel 1.50 to 3.00; CAMERON, Seedsman,
Tomatoes, crates, ...................... J.50 to 2.0o squash white, per orange box, 1.25 to Jacksonville, lorida
Sweet Pepper,bu. to................... i.oo to 1.50
Green Beans,crate.................. .75 to i.oo 1.75; peppers, per orange box, 1.50 to OUR GRADES
Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to ..10Kersnaws 2.00;tomatoes,ripe,per carrier ((6 baskets), OF STOCKS GIVE SATISFACTION.
each.... ....... ......... .03 to .t 0 1.50 to 2.50; lettuce per basket, 1.00 to Myrobotan Plum-Mahaleb Cherry-Mazzard Cherry-Manetti Rose-Apple-Pear-Quince.
Parsley,per doz.bunches ............ .20 to ..2Green 5 2.00 North Raise your own Seed IIngs.-If you have ground to tpare it is cheaper and you can raise enough
onions,per doz.bunches....... .15 ; Carolina per barrel, 1.50 to to supply other growers. We can supply you with Fresh French, Japan and American SeedJ,
repper,not,bUshel,................... ./a i 4.50; New Orleans,per barrel, 3.00 to 4.00. and Raffia for budding and grafting. Samples and prices from
Sage, well cured,Ib................... .25 REDFIELD & Sox. THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS GERMANTOWN. PA.
Hens...._..-._.N--.....-...... 30 .
B.ootere..Se.n........... .25 .-.a.'.-.-.. I
Half grown.............-................ 15 to .20 St. Louis Market. Oranges and Pines.P. Bradley RtdJUld. Eugene B. Rtdjlcld.
Turkeys, per pound,gross........._ .08
Ducks.?..-.............._ ........... .25 to .30 Ruhlman & Co., say-Received a ESTABLISHED 1871.
Geese ... .......................... .35 to .40 Oranges-Firm. Mexican 3.50 to 3.75 fancy car of Highland Navels yesterday; REDFIELD & SON
Leeks per doz bunches.....1........ .25 per box; California navels 4.00 to 4.50, they are as fine silk and out ,
Radishes, per doz.....................No demand seedling 3.00 to 3.25 per box. Florida as going at
Cucumbers,crate..... ............. i.oo to 1.25 golden russet load received 4.00. Fancy Florida brights are selling Commission Merchants
Spinach,per bushel ........... ...... .50 (a car Saturday at 4.00 to 450, as to size. Tangerines,
Cabbage. ;Florida.. .......... ......... 04 to ,06 ) setting 3.00 to 3.50 per box. Lemons 12.00 per bundle. -AWD-
SalsifY. per dozen bunches.......... None -Firm, new Messina and Palermo at
Lima Beans, quart......... ........ .lotoisM 3.50 to 4.00 box Sgobel & Day say:-Jamaica orangesare
Green peas, crate ..... ... .... ..: .I.ootOJ.25 per for fancy; Californiaat very strong, all in anything like Fruit Auctioneers
Turnips,bunch..... .......... .... no demand 3.25 to 3.50 per box. PineapplesSlowsale decent shape bringing 4.50 to 4.00
Florida \pney, pound section............ .10 at 1.25 to 2.00 per dozen. Green barrel, however most of the fruit is per ar- 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

GAME. peas-In light supply; choice fresh green riving with 20 to 25 per cent of rot, and We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,

.to....................... each .10 Florida worth 1.75 to 2.00 per bushel box; sells 3.50 to 2.50 barrel. either at private sale(which has heretofore been
loves ....................... each .o5 stale held much less. String Beans- per
Squirrels.......................each .c6 to .08 Quiet and Florida bu boxes Boston-Jamaica oranges are in good our custom)or by the auction system (recently
Wild Ducks ". ............... etch .15 to .25 steady, round request, particularly on account of their added to our business)as von may desire. .
Wild Turkeys.. ............... each .75 to i.oo green and wax at 1.25 to 1.65, and 6-bas- sweeter quality over anything else. Only .
Rabbits........... ..... ........each .10 ket crates do at 1.50 to 1.75 according to Californias
one car has as yet been on
quality stale and held stock WWAWAWvSWQUICK
---- ; neglectedeven this market, and contrary to expectation
New York Market.ORAN.i at much lower figures. Texas offer- show fairly good color and sweetness.
erings inferior and actually unsala- WORK
-We have had moderate receipts ble at very Sicily oranges very pale, sour and unattractive .
from Florida which have shown ir- Louisiana any head price.at 4.00 brl. ,Homegrown choice and sold from 95c to 1.10. In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
regular quality and condition, a consid- per Boston, December 4.-Sold Valenciaoranges etables shipped to us is our motto. WE
on orders 70c bu box, 3.00 GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
per per large 714s 3.05 to 4.05 .
erable part of the supply being too green, barrel. Carrots-New Southern sold at regular FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
and often more or less out of order. For 40c dozen bunches old orders 420s 2.55 to 3.87f One car California BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
fancy fruit. $4 00 has been the per ; on by lemons 85c to 2,00.PhiladelphiaA. by our 40 years experience without default-
genera dealers at 1.00
per ParsleyQuoteNew lug a Enquire as to our standing
price, with an-oecasionallotoCexception- Southern (curly) at 25 to 30c per sale of Jamaica and financial stability which any bank or
ally fine quality bringing a slight pre- dozen bunches. Tomatoes-Quiet Flori- oranges on Tuesday showed an average of merchants having mercantile reports can
mium ; most of' the receipts, however, da quotable at 1.55 to 1.75 per -basket nearly 4.00 per barrel in original condi verify-then METHOD WILL try us-WE SATISFY BELIEVE YOU. Send OUR

have sold at a range of $3 00 to 3 50, crate. Egg Plant-Choice fresh Florida tion. Valencia oranges in the same mar- your name for our quotations. Stencil and

VEGETABLES-The receipts of Charleston quotable at 1.50 to 1.75 per orange box. ket sold for 4.25 for 420s and 5.00 for cards free. Letters promptly answered.

string beans have been small and of Cucumbers-Scarce; quote Florida at 714s. A car of Florida oranges sold at an
generally inferior quality of late have of about 3.00.BuffaloJamaica FRENCH & CO.
; we 1.75 to 2.00 per bu box; Louisiana at 50c average ,

seen none which were good enough to to 60c per dozen; fancy worth more. oranges are being 116 Warren St., New York.
pay expenses. There is a demand for P. M. KIELY. held firm, especially good sound fruit,

strictly prime beans, and a few such arriving which bring 3.00 to 5.50 per box. Few ESTABLISHED 1855.
from Florida by express have been Florida oranges on the market bringing
placed at advancing prices; the freight Pittsburg Markets. 3.50 to 4.00.

lots have shown very: irregular qurlity Oranges, Florida fancy,bright 4.50 to Cleveland-Quite an unusual occur-

and value but have sold well when fresh 5.00; fancy, russet, 4.25 to 4.75; ordi rence in our market this week was the crate. and at 4 00 to 4 25 per half crate.

and not too old. Florida lettuce in fair nary 3.75 to 4.00. Grape Fruit, fancy, arrival of a car of Florida pines for Oranges are taken hold of reluctantly on

supply, but the market for all kinds of per box, 5.00 to 6.00. Tangerines fancy, Hayes, Blair & Co., agents of the Indian : the basis of 2 50 f. o. b. California for
lettuce has declined this week, and late 5.00 to 6.00. Mandarins fancy, 4.00 to
River and Lake Worth Pineapple Grow- fancy navels, and it will certainly take
sales haye been generally at easier pricesthan 4.50. Orange, Jamaica, bbls., 5.00 to ers' Association. They are very nice stock lower prices to start a lively trade.
formerly obtained. The few lots of 6.00; boxes, 3.50 to 4.00 Oranges, California and sold at fair
promptly prices. Mexi- New York retail
Florida ( )-Strawberries from
green peas arriving by navels 4.00 to 4.25
express I ; seedlings, have sold
can oranges unusually well this California sold
have been selling in of$100 last week at 75c a pint.
to 2 3.50.
range 00 3.25 to Pineapples, Florida, half season and the has been
per crate as to quality and condition, but crates, 3.00 to 4.00. Lettuce, N. 0. fine. quality very Florida pineapples of the largest size,
Buyers prefer them to that
is with luxuriant
last arrivals had to any tops sometimes lavishly
go same decline. Head barrel, 3.50 to 4.00
per sugar ; per offered in this market.
Some of the freight stock has also been flour barrel, 1.00 to 1.50; Curly per half decorated with broad bows of satin ribbon

placed as high as $2 00, but most of it i bush. basket, f30c to 40c. Beans, fancy Chicago-Fancy Mexican oranges, 3 40 make a striking show in the fruiter-
lacks quality to bring that price, and Wax, per bu. 2.00 to 3.00; Green, 2.00 to to 3 45, which is an advance of 15c. Sonora ers' windows. These cost as much as 1 50

some poor lots have been almost worth 3.00. Peas, fancy, fresh, per bu. 2.60 to fruit, 3 25 to 3 50. California oranges apiece, and smaller fruits, also specially
-The market on navels is cultivated under shelter, Bell for 60c and
less. Other Florida vegetables by freight 3.00. Cauliflower, fancy, large, per doz. growing
have been of extremely irregular quality 2.00 to 2.25; small, 1.25 to 1.50. Cu somewhat weaker. Fancy navels, 2 75 to upward.-Garden and Forest.
and vnlue. On 2 25; seedlings, 175 to 1 50. California
Monday we had two Sa cumbers, Florida, per box, 2.00 to 2.50.
vannah steamers one of which was de Egg Plants, fancy, large,Florida, per box fancy lemons, 1 50. THROAT. TROUBLES. To allay the irrit-

laved with an aggregate of 5,400 pkgs., 3.OOto 3.50. Green Peppers, Florida, per Omaha-Some few Florida winter pineapples ation that induces coughing, use BrO't.Cn'

mostly vegetables; the condition of the box, 50c. to 75. have been received and found Bronchial Troche/ ?," A simple and safer

stock was largely inferior, especially on BRO. & Co fairly ready. takers at 7 50 to 8 00 pe. remedy.



____ ,_'__ ,_ __ ___ -. _. _,_.'_ h ..._ __ __ .__ __' _. .




Entomology. of fleas inhabiting different animals. name means membrane wing, indi-

There are at least two speciesjknown cating the membranous structure of

to attack man-the human flea and the wings of insects of this order.

SOME ESSENTIAL FACTS the jigger flea. In the West Indies Bees, wasps and ants illustrate this r

ABOUT INSEOTS.-VI. and South America the jigger flea is order. In this group there are four

BY the cause of much trouble by burrow- wings having but few cross-veins, the

ing into and under the skin of the feet fore-pair being the larger. The mouth

A. L. QUAINTANCE, M. S. of man. In this State the term jiggeris parts are adapted for both biting and ENE r

Flurida Agricultural College and Ex frequently misapplied to the red- sucking. From the abdomen of the

periment Station, Lake City, Fla. bug, a member of the class Arachnida.The female there usually extends a stingor

Coleoptera or beetle order may a piercer. The larvae of Hymen- 6
The order includesthe
Lepidoptera be recognized from the] fact that its optera are, as a rule, footless and are
butterflies, moths or millers and members have a pair of horny wing not capable of much action, but are Shortest Quickest Most Attractive
the skippers. See figure which ,
covers; these meet in a straight line dependent to a great extent on food
illustrates a larva, pupa and adult. down the back. Beneaththese; is a provided for them by the adult. The OUTE: :

These are insects with four wings single pair of membranous wings. ichneumon flies, a large of BETWEEN
which are covered with overlappingscales. FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
Figure 10, shows an adult beetle and parasitic insects, belong to this order
The mouthparts are formedfor its larva. There has been* consider- and are of untold u-e to man in keep- THE
sucking. All are familiar with Florida Central and PeninsularNEW

many different examples of this group.It .
is an exceedingly large one and has THROUGH ROUTES.

received considerable attention from New York to Jacksonville by
New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington -
students in The beautiful
entomology. and Southern Railway to
colors of butterflies and moths are NorthernAir I Columbia, Florida Central &
Line. Peninsular to all principal
due entirely to the presence of these points in Florida.

scales, the primary function of whichis '11.4 Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati
1114 tion by Queen & Crescent,
to strengthen. The larvae of the Harriman:Junction to Ashe-
Lepidoptera are known as caterpil Asheville & 1 vine and Columbia by Southern
Railway, and Florida
lars. The word moth or miller shouldbe C Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Colum-
applied to those insects of this e J bia to Jacksonville.
Cincinnati to Jacksonville
group which do not hold the wings .d Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga
vertical when at rest. Most mothsare and } ,Southern H'y to Ever-
Florida ette,Florida Central& Penin-
nocturnal, or fly at early twilight.The Limited. sular to all Important Florida
skippers are so called from the points.
Kansas City Fort Scott &
fact that they have a peculiar jerking Kansas and City Memphis R.iL to Kansas ,
flight, suddenly darting from place to Figure 8 PHOBBIA BRASSIOE; a, larva; b, pupa; c, female fly-all enlarged. villa Line to to Birmingham Everette, Fla., Southern Central &
place. These insects usually hold Peninsular to all Fla. points.

the wings vertical when at rest, but Louis to Jacksonville by
Short Line to Du Quoin,
frequently the forewings are held *\ Holly Sp'gs 1St. Central to Holly Bp'gs,
Koute. City, Memphis & Birmingham -
horizontal while the hind
pair are to Birmingham,Sou.
vertical. The skippers may be recog- ,..q J R'y to Everette and F. C.&P.
nized, in connection with the other Sioux City&Chicago to Jacksonville -
Ill. Cent. to Holly
characters given, from their peculiar I/III// a b Holly Koute.!Sp'gs}Sp'gs, K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
Sou. R'y to Ever
antennae which bear on their tips re ette and the F. C. &P.
curved hooks. The butterflies are Louis'ille & Nashllle to Rive
day fliers. The antennae :: New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
are provided rt -- r To 1 route with through sleepersJackso',1l1e
with a club-like knot at the between New Orleans and
Jacksonville.The .
tips. The wings are held vertical
Figure 10-MELANOTUS COMMUNIS F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
when at rest. (click beetle); a, larva; b,adultFIgure 7-(1)( ) PIEKIS PROTODICE; a, larva: b, Florida running through the

The order Diptera, represented by enlarged. papa. Tobacco Stock Regions Fanning, and Dairy Section,
the house-fly and others, includes in- Peach and Strawberry Land,
Orange, Banana and Pineapple Countryt
_ sects with only one pair of wings. Phosphate Belt.
Figure 8 c the Has the Silver Spring and
,represents cabbage-fly I Other Fine Scenery
enlarged. The second pair of wingsin 1 1. The Great Hunting Country.

flies is thought to be represented bya Has Reaches the best the lands Noted for fishing tillage, greatest Ground variety -

pair of organs known as halteres. t of soils m the State,and above all

Mouth-parts are formed for sucking.The f'J Runs over the Central Rldgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy.
larvae of Diptera are usually Prosperous towns fill its route and It offers
known as maggots, and do much goodin the the best Northern freight markets.facilities for any produce to

consuming waste and injurious mat- Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
This is free) and note the towns on its route.A. .
ter. an exceedingly large or- 0.MACDONELL,G.P.A ,
der including of much Jacksonville.Fla.
many species
Figure 7-(2)( ) PIEKIS PP.OTODICE; c, -
economic importance. Mosquitoes, adult
gnats, bot-flies and horse-flies are familiar female. The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.

illustrations of this Fleas
have been considered ;
by many entomologists (chicken flea) enlarged. The Shortest and Quickest Route
as to the precedingorder

the Diptera, but they are here able question as to whether the horny ing in check injurious insects. They BETWEEN

separated as a distinct order, the wing covers represent the forewingsof deposit their eggs in or upon the FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

Siphonaptera.The beetles or not. The most recent bodies of insects which: hatch and THE EAST AND WEST.

Siphonaptera are wingless in- research would indicate that they do live at the expense of their host. 'With Is Improved better equipped Ventilated than Cars ever this ever company to-

sects with mouth-parts formed for not, but that they represent an exceedingly An order is still further subdividedinto Insure handle close the Orange connections and Vegetable and prompt Crops despatchto ,and

sucking. Figure 9 shows a flea en- developed condition of a families,genera and species. To all Eastern and Western Markets.

larged. There is no need of mention.ing pair of sclerites which are to be foundin illustrate the use of these various subdivisions Through oars to destination without

examples of this order, for all have many other insects. The larvae of let us trace the zoological Perishable change freight or delay.followed by wire and

doubtless made the personal acquain- beetles are called grubs. These are position of the large yellow and black shippers advised time passing various junction
and arrival at destination.
tance of them many times too often. familiar to many as the white, plump, "orange-dog" butterfly. Being an All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-

The legs of the flea are long and fitted worm-like, three-legged insects that animal it of course is a member of the adjusted.

for jumping. The eggs are scattered are plowed up in the fields. This animal kingdon. A study of the See that your goods are markedvia
F. C. & P. R. R.
about the floors of dwellings and sim- group comprises the largest number of specimen shows that it is an inverte- For Information call on or address the undersigned -

ilar places, from which slender, worm- recorded species; June-bug, lantern- brate, with the body composed of C. E. TAYLOR: Trav. Ocala,Fla.

like, legless larvae hatch. When the flies, click-beetles and weevils are segments, and bearing jointed append- W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A'g't,Orlando, Fla.
larvae become familiar I. 0. M.HOLDEN Trav. ,Leesburg.FlaW.
fullygrownvthey spin representatives. ages. It would therefore] fallj'only R. FULLER.Trav.AVt,Tampa, Fla.
cocoons and pass into the pupa state. The highest order of insects is within the branc &rthropoda. Since Or N.S. PENNINGTON.Traffic Manager.
There are several different species known as the Hymenoptera. This this insect has throody divided into W .H. PLEASANTS, General Freight AI'4




r -



16 Main Street, .
Would Announce

That They Have Made HOLIDAYEASON

Special Preparations.
+- .
For 1 1'
E ----_--- -----......,..


---------- '
THEY are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver in .
the Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce .
ments,write to us for samples and prices.

.' Printing and Book Binding a Specialty. .


C. W. DaCOSTA, Manager. '0'A

(:: --





three distinct regions, the head, the that last year he had three acres of FOB SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres BOWKER'S ANIMAL MEAL. To take hens
390 acres. Excellent fo- stock raising and grow. Our little book the
thorax and the abdomen, and has tomatoes. They were trained to tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville, Egg tells all about li. E. W. AMSDEN

three pairs of legs, it is without doubta stakes and had all the manure that he Fla. 8-24-tf 9-19-1 Ormond, Fla.

member of the class Insecta. A fur- the could and the
thought plant use, IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres to years set ; NETTING, best goods for the least
ther study reveals that this specimen result was 300 crates of tomatoes to sacrifice.: in other fruit" trees etc. WRE Write for latest price list E. W.
For sale at a Address"F, The Palms
AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. 9-ig-tf
possesses two pairs of wings, and these the acre, very fine fruit. He saw Lane Park.Lake County, Fla 4 27-910: I

and the body are thickly covered with that three acres under special treat- LOUISIANA (PASPALUM PLA-

minute scales. The presence of these ment brought more money than did CORN MILLS AND SHELLERS for fam ) grass for lawns and permanent
Hand or Shelters pastures. Sets $ per by ; 35
power. 12.50 1.SO 1,000 express
scales on the wings and body is peculiarto fifty acres with the usual treatment. Mills, $5.00. $40.00. Will make ccarse grits or cents per hunered.{-OStage paid. W.H. POWERS,
fine meal, oatmal graham flour. 'Daisy" Lawtey Fla.BEUKSIIIRE.
but one order of insects that is the gar-
den plow $3.00 Address the Editor, Box:524,
Lepidoptera or scale-wings, as the 40 WEST BAY STREET. Jacksonville Fla. BOAR PIGS f om thorough

name means. Our specimen is with- stock. Entitled to reg
GENUINE Nunan R.sie. Cherokee, Colum- ister. Write us for prices. Fisher: & Powers,
out doubt a member of this order. Dr W. P. CONNHLLY, Dentist. Michel's Early Stevens Lawtey, Fla.NURSERY.

This order is divided into sub-orders and Jefferson Strawberry Plants per 1,000 $t.oo.;
(Graduate Dental Department Universityof JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.Lotk Box 4,Grand Bay, TREES AND BUD WOOD.
based on still. less general characters Maryland ) Ala. Parson Brown,Boone Pineapple

than those of the order. The sub- Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all other Kin Ruby and Tardiff. Marsh Seedless and
TREES-I WILL HAVE 20,000 Triumph Grape Fruit. Villa Franca Lemon.
work done under the modern methods NURSERY
order to which the "orange-dog" but- Residence most West Ashley Street. of the most popular varietiesfor Geo. E. Snow. Eastlake Fla. 10.3191icNEIL
im 304 this fall and winter. Send in
delivery your
is divided into several
terfly belongs orders now, and be sure to get what you want. PEAS, Orange Trees and Buds.
super-families which in turn include ...................... ... Pric s and particulars on application. W. K. / supply of the celebrated McNeil
Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla. Peas. A few Tardiff and Parson Brown trees on
families the difference between ;
WOVEN. IRE lo-s-tf good strong sour roots also a few thousand buds
families being found mainly in the Heree JtOJlc for sale. Will guarantee satisfaction in every
Best e. Earth. EQUALS IN THE STATE. SATSUMAtrees case. W, H. :Mann, Manville, Putnam county
veins the
position of the of wing. A
our DCPLK on sweet stock Hart's Late. Dancy Florida. 9-:2-6
study of the wing venation of this in- Tangerines aid Parson Brown budded low,
you can make 60 a day trained to sticks. Buds 4 to 7 fret high. Limited TRUCKERS IN THE FROSTLESS REGION
sect would reveal that it is a memberof I 12 her to 50 ttylei.20 Ct8.C&t&lome a Rod.Free. s'ock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, In- compete with Cubans in sup

the family Papilionidse, the cubits KITSELMAN BROS., / terlachen Fla. 1 -lo-lO plying Northern cities with Okra in the early
iTiUTATiTiTiTiW Ind"CENTAWORD" / spring. Plant from now on to the first of March.
being apparently four branched. Two ...........Be.:.: H....mdgevllle......... Gel my Early Smooth Green Pod Seed from the
WANTED.-THOROUGH-BRED BLACK Sleekier freed Co.,518 Gravier St., New Orleans.
suborders are recognized in this Cocks. We have White Leghorns The only profitable variety for shipping. W.S.
the and Parnas- Black Langshans and Pekin Ducks for Reddick Buras, La. 11-14-6
family, Papilioninse COLUMN. sale EXCHANGE. Eggs in Season

siinae, members of the former group LYMAN BROS., Melbourne Fla. SALE.-4,000 GRAPE FRUIT SEED-
RATES.-Twenty words, name and address FOR
tail-like from the Trees 4J# years old. at reasonable
having a projection one week,25 cents; three weeks 30 cents Noth- SEED POTATOES AT WHOLESALE PRICES. prices. 1-5-3 W. G. WATSON Lakeland, Fla.WANTED .
hind wings, the latter being without ing taken for less than 25 cents. Early Rose No. 4, Carmen, No. 2, .
these prolongations. The "orange- Advertisements for this column MUST be pre The Fertilizer House of Florida trees: on sour stock, 3 or 4

dog" buterfly is evidently a member of paid. Jacksonville, Fla. years old. Also{ some Lemon trees on trifoliate
Send no stamps larger than two cents. stock. State price and particulars.
the Papilioninse. Now, the Papilioninae Initials and figures count as one word. SALE: Full blooded Brown LeghornRoos 12-5-8 Box 1294 New Orleans La.
still subdivided into ers. Price.$1.00 each.
are Lawfy Fla. R. PUDDY. GREAT BARGAIN.-I have about one
genera, each genus differing from the CITRUS NURSERY TREES. A thousand each Villa Franca Lemon genuine
I EXCHANGE. Valuable Cincinnati Parson Brown Orange Walters Grape Fruit a
others in important points. Our speci- All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Car- I1OR Want desirable medium size few Marsh Seedless; Buds from 2% to 4 feet; are
men is a member of the Papilio ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet, Paper Krick Hotel,furnUhed. doing good business, in on rented ground; must be moved before January
genus Rind St. Michael Pierces' Ruby. Jaffa Pineap- Flo'ida. Also other Northe n pro erties. Want 15th. Price I2j cents each-f 10.00 per hundred.
which is itself subdivided, contain- ple Majorca Cunningham, Homosassa arid good Florida properties, Give particulars and Write for particulars to M. E GILLETT
Hart's Late Pernambuco Improved, Triumph prices. Address Box 83 Station D, Cincinnati, 0 11-28-4 Weirsdale or Tampa FlA.THE .
ing' several species. A careful studyof Walters Everett and Marsh's Seedless GrapeFruit

the descriptions of these species Satsuma Tangerine and King All fine
one year old buds, on four and five year old
would lead us to the conclusion that Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock, Will
bud dormant on contract to any varieties parties
the species was one known as cres- may desire. Fine Kumquat Kudwood for sale. LAKElAND NURSERIES

phontes. The name of"orange-dog" Correspondence solicited. Address C. W. Fox
Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland. Park LakeCo. ,
butterfly is therefore Papilio cresphontes. ., Fla.

Tabulating the foregoing we C. M. MARSH: : : Proprietor.: :
have for the zoological position of this WANT Trees fora good BreechLoadingShot

insect the following: Gun. Address with description of gun,
12 19 3 J. H. GIRARDEAU, Monticello, Fla.
Kingdom of animals branch, Ar-

thropoda; class, Insecta; order, Lepi- mHOROUGH-BRED MAMMOTH LIGHT Wholesale and Retail Dealer In ,
J. Brahma Cockerels and Pullets, $!.co to 2 oo.
doptera; sub-order, Freanteae; super- Plymouth Rock Pullets, $1.00 each. From prize

family, Papilionina; family, Papilioni- winners.6 mos Mas.Lady GOMPERTS Lake, Fl,-.

dae; sub-family, Papilioninae; genus, General Stock0
Papilio; species, cresphontes.NAME NURSERY Grape Fruit budded low on
sour stock,at very reasonable prices.
will be observed that thi name is INTER HAVEN NURSERIES.iooooThornless THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF

of two and Silver Cluster Grapefruit, almost -
composed parts, papilio
seedless; Marsh's Seedless;Triumph; 20.000
cresphontes. The same is true of the Orange trees of all the leading varieties; King
and Dancy Tangerine Pierce Amory and Jaffa Lemon Lime and Trees
Orange Grapefruit
of John Smith.
name a person as Blood budded on rough lemon and sour stock.
adjective John serves to distinguishthe Send for prices. RICHARD KLEMM, Winter ,
Haven, Fla. 12 12 3
man John from any of his brothers We Make a Specialty of

. or members his family. Like I HAVE THE FINEST AND HEALTH-
iest lot of Peach and Pear Trees in the Stateat
wise, cresphontes separates the "or lowest prices. I give free my remedy for Root SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.

ange-dog" butterfly from other Knot to every one purchasing 100 trees.
any 12 12 4 T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Fla.
butterfly of this genus or family.
This difference however is noted In FOR
: well-built House of Ten Rooms whichis
the Smith the well plumbed containing bath-room closet, Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees, If fine trees and bedrock -
name John adjective will do It. We have five varieties of Citrus trees Sour
and all modern conveniences, which I desire to prices twenty propagated on ,
John comes before Smith. In the let tor the season, at$25 per month.F. Grapefruit Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots, as follows :

case of this butterfly the adjective C. BUFFUM. Westerly,R. L

cresphontes animals comes and last. This is knownas systemof J. STEEUER SEED ED., IMui, Dancy Tangerine ORANGES., Eureka (seedless LEMONS.)
naming plants Satsuma (seedless) Belair Premium and Genoa.

the binomial system and is univer- MARY T. FROTSCHER, President, King,
Successors to or
sally employed among naturalists. King.Tangerine, .. .
Richard Frotscher's Gravier Street Branch Store, Kumquats (oblong and round). Marsh Seedless.Excelsior. .
Local conditions
sometimes producesuch Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St., New Orleans La. RubyBlood. .

changes in species that they are Importers and dealers in Flower Field and Joppa Late, (Seedless) Aurantium (sweet rind)
Garden Seeds. Grasses clover bulbs seed potatoes Pineapple. Halls.
varieties. '
recognized as In such casesa and fruit trees in uu ir season Conductedby Valencia Late. __,. :. LIMES. ".
second adjective is added to the first relatives ofthe late Richard Frotscher. Order Parson Brown '
through Richard Frotscher's manual of 1896! /)or St. Michael Blood, (paper rind) Tahiti (seedless)
and the name is composed of three send for one free. Jaffa (Sanford's). MISCELLANEOUS.
words. Hart' Tardiff, (Sanford's).
FRUIT TREES, VINES, Centennial. Japanese Peaches, Plums, Chestnuts and
.. Boone's Early.Mediterranean. Persimmon Trees.
a'r PLANTS and NUT TREES. Sweets. (Sanford's.) Strawberry and Pineapple Plants etc.
Tomatoes at Winter Haven never '
looked so promising as they look today i dens For and Southern Groves.Orchards No agents., Gar- For descriptiTCt&talogrue and price.llst, apply to

Mr. Davis, the manager of the Write for price list. \ C. M.: MA1: SBALolela.iads
Eloise fruit and vegetable farm, says 9-26-25 Thomasvllle, Ga.
) : it 1a..



.,. ___u,U _, _.., _


I .

i 1896. THE PtOfilDA PAfcMEK AND FRutMROwn. 815

--- --



y.O\ .

., :- : .

t 1 .' y r
( i
r i z, / a?
G. M. SORREL, Manager.

6T The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as tig4'o'
follows :


35, North Kl ver-5 P. M.
City of Augusta ...... .... .......................... ... ....................... Tuesday Nov. 3
Kansas City........... .................. ............ ........ ... .............Thursday, Nov, 5
Tallahassee .......... ..... .... ............... ............ ... ........... ......Saturday, Nov. 7 \ : t/ d
City of Birmingham ............................ .. .. ...... .... ...... .. Tuesday, Nov 10 _
City of Augusta .......... .......... ... .... .... .......................... ..Thursday, Nov. 12
f Kansas City............. .... .................. ................. ........ .. Saturday, Nov. 14
Y.. Tallahassee ............ ...................... ........................ .... ..0.. Tuesday, Nov. 17 -
f' City of Birmingham.. ...... ...... ... ........................ ........... ...Thursday, Nov. 19 u' .off ry1J1
City of Augusta..... ... .... ............................................. .Saturday Nov. 21 .
Kansas City.... .. ............ .... ........................ .... .. .......... ..... Tuesday, Nov. 21 7\(\ )
Tallahassee .... ...... ............ ............... .............. ............ ...Thursday, Nov. 20 .
City of Birmingham..... ........ .... .... .................. ............ ....Saturday, Nov. 28
f G.M. SORRELL Manager New Pier No.35, North River.


Nacoochee. .......... ............... ....................... ...................... Tuesday Nov. T3
Chattahoochee ....... .... ..... ... .. ............ .............. ................... Friday, Nov. 6 Fitu lit Ciitsliieand Service. Ifo Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.
; Gate City ............................................ ........ ......... .. ...........Tuesday, Nov. 10 The Fleet is of the
( Nacoochee................................... .................... .................Saturday,Nov. 14 composed following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
}. Chattahoochee....... ........................ ........................... ..... Wednesday, Nov. 18
Gate City.... ...................... ..... .............................. ......... Saturday Nov. 'Coma*" (new) "AlgonpiD Iroquois Cherokee Seminole
t Nacoochee ......... ...... .. .. .... ......... .......... .. ........ .... .... ......n.;:Thursday, Nov. 26 ,
\ RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents lewis's Wharf. -


i Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. are appointed to sail according toUhe tide.

1 j City of STEAMER Macon: (freight only) .................. .... ......... .. ... ... .....Tuesday,Nov. From JACKSONVILLE FLA., (calling at Charleston),...?.... .......Sundays,Tuesdays and Thursdays.
City of Macon (freight only) ........ ............ ........ ......... ...It........... Friday Nov. 20 10 Erom CHARLESTON, S. C.. .................. ..... ...... ......... Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.
( City Macon (freight only) . .... .......... .. ........ .. ........Monday.. Nov. 30 For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
M. C. HAMMOND. Agent 13 South Third Street.


((00 Meridian) Time-as below. are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

Tallahassee.City of Birm'gh'm..Ths'day.. ....Tuesday,,Nov.Nov, 3 5,, 400 5 30 p.p.m m. City Kansas of Augusta City..........Thursday.Tuesday, Nov.Nov. 17 3.30 p.m. CHARLESTON, S. C.. ...................... Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays
City of Augusta....(Saturday, Nov. 7, 7.00 p.m. Tallahassee. ..Sa urday Nov. 21 19, 5.30 4 30 p.p.m.m. For JACKSONVILLE FLA., (calling at Charleston) ............... ..Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays
Kansas City ..... .Tuesday, Nov. 10, 8.00 p. m. City of Birm'gh'm.. Tuesday Nov.24 o.oo a. m.
Tallahassee........Thursday. Nov. ...
12.11.00 a. m. City of Augusta .Tursday, Nov 26, 800 p.m,
; City of Birm'h'm.. Saturday SAVANNAH Nov. 14, i/op.ru. TO Kansas BOSTON.City... ....Saturday, Nov.28,11.00 a. m. CliYOE'S ST. JOfiflS $n/E lI'4E

, Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. DE BARY LINE.

Gate City...... Wednesday Nov. 4, 4 00 P. m. Nacoochee. .. .....Friday. Nov. 20, &.00 p. m. Jacksonville, Falatkaf Sanford, Enterprise Fla. and Intermediate.
Nacoochee .......... Monday, Nov 9, 8.00p.m. Chattahoochee. ....T uesday, Nov. ,
Chattahoochee.... Thursday, Nov 12, ii.ooa m. I Gate City.............Friday, Nov 27. 8.00p.m.7,00p.m. Landings on the St. Johns River.The .
Gate City.... ...... Monday, Nov 16, 3.00 p. m. Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer


:, Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. CAPT. W A. SHAW,
" : City of Macon.... Thursday, Nov. 5, 520 p. m. I I City of Macon..Wednesday, Nov.25, 8.30. a. m. Is appointed to sail as follows:
I. City of Macon....... Sunday Nov 15 i oo a. m. | Leave Jacksonville....................... ............. Sundays, Tuesdays and Friday at .
t: Returning Leave Sanford.................. ......Mondays. Wednesdays and Saturdays at 3.30 oo p.m. -
W.K.ARNOLD>, G.T. P. A., WALTER HAWKINS Fla. P.A., W. J. PARRELL Sol. Agt., 9 a. m.
I Jacksonville, Florida. SOUTHBOUND. NORTHBOUND.
} C.G.ANDERSON, AGENT Savannah GaII Read Down. SCHEDULE. Read Up.

1 Leave 330 p. m ........................Jacksonville ............ ... ...... Arrive 3.308.01.
MSP .... Palatka.................... ....... Leave
W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. ". 3.00 a. m. ............................ ... .Astor.... ........................ .' 9.00p.m.
J. B. BOURS. 4.308 m. ...................... St. Francis......................... 4-oop.m.
..,.... .... ........ .. .......................... Beresford.......................... 2.30 p. m,
Arrive 8.30 a. m................ ... .... Sanford.........._.. ............ ...... to p.m.m
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. 9.25 a. m...................... .... Enterprise.................. ...... 9.008.
1 ...... ..... .... .. I......................So. Fla.R. R. Whart... ............... n.ooa 9.308., m.m.

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers General Passenger.and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville

A.J. COLE, Gen.Pastenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green )r\ew York.M. .
g.E8T H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager,5 Bow ing Green New York.
JACKSONVILLE, FI4A. THEO. O. EGER, Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florid Passenger Agent 204 West Bay st. Jacksonville, PU.
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
Gomple Stock of
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville. Fla.

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits Meal, WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qen'l Agents,

IS South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE


Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH --
43 Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for 017 price-list of Field and Garden Seed

GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH i.ooo bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oatsl75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
pound Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.

Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT Etc


These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and Aerial will convince: ,
Bead for dialogue free .

i .
-r.' : "

j f

. (
i '


f. .


-. ..




II )) :

GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the ;, o
J, requirements and_perfect mechanical condition, in "
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PIPE oa roN ,

E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

Which is the Real Friend of Florida? ploy the power of its "great moral en- crime to impound a cow in any town of ening a public sentiment that shall demand -

The Southern Ruralist continues to gine" in removing the obstacles to the less than 1,200 inhabitants, or a hog in a ;l of our law-makers theaverage; pro-
settlement of Florida instead of denying town of less than 500. tection enjoyed by settlers of other Statesin
discourage the coming of new settlers to there are any or ignoring them, and cooperate Perhaps the publishers of The Rura- these matters. The Citizen persistently .
Florida publishing such statements as with the Southern Ruralist in- list have more at stake and more inter- charges the Ruralist with a misstatement -
the following: "Those who have come stead of denouncing it as discouragingthe est in the material and moral and educa- of facts, but carefully withholdsour
and spent their money and labor have coming of new settlers he will sooner tional prosperity of Florida than the edi- statements from its readers. It char-'
left by thousands because persecuted by see the desire of all well wishers of the tor of the Citizen. They are weary of ef- ges us with abusing the railroads, but we
the owners of razorback hogs and range State-its permanent settlement of an in- forts to bring people to Florida to have have challenged it"to show J wherein we
cattle, backed up by a shortsighted Legislature dustrious class of citizens. them leave again, as soon as they learn have done so. It charges the Ruralist
which made criminals of settlers Instead of not ten leaving the State on what they have to contend with. with discouraging the coming of new set-
who would protect their property, by account of cattle and hog laws and oppressive The absence of 20,000 votes at tlers, because we seek to remove the ob-
municipal ordinances and declarationsthat transportation rates we have the recent State election may stacles to their coming;:, and to their' re-
property owners had no rights that given the statement of the Hon. Presi- be accounted for in part by the maining here when they come.
cattle and hog-owners need respect. dent of the Florida Horticultural Society removal of voters. Remove the ob- Florida and Kansas are in terrible
Those who have made crops for export that out of a community of fifteen near stacles to getting an honest living in Flor- sloughs from unwise legislation, yet of
under these adverse circumstances by him but one remains from the latter ida, that can be removed by the Florida different kinds. Millions of capital have
come in contact with the octopus of excessive cause. Legislature, and few States will have away and thousands of settlers
transportation exaction, and in We know of a thriving village that I greater attractions for the settler. remove It is to be hoped that the new
many cases of fraudulent commission saw no way of protecting itself from "Tell the truth about Florida." Mis- Legislature, as we believe its Governor Is,
agencies and the result has been the range cattle and hogs, but by incorporation representation will not permanently settleit. is far-sighted enough to at least remove
abandonment of thousands of acres once and municipal ordinance. The hog He is the real friend of the State who the most objectionable stock laws, and
covered "with flourishing orchards and owners broke open the pound and drove tells the ugly facts and labors to remove grant the State a railway commission
gardens. We venture the opinion that off the stock. They were prosecuted, them. He who does otherwise who in- that shall not exact more freight on a fi
the number of persons who have left the and paid the penalty. They then burn- tites the innocent fly into the parlor of barrel of sugar from Kissimmee to Ocala,
State for the first and second causes ed the public building of the village. the spider, is not the promotor of the less than 100 miles, than from New York .
named does not exceed ten. The "fraud- The perpetrators were discovered, con- State's interest. Facts
figures, inci to Ocala, hover 1000 miles, or twice or
ulent commission agencies" have not victed, some sent to the penitentiary and dents, complaints of settlers, settlers three times as much freight for onethirdthe
been in Florida but in Northern cities. others made to pay for the property de discouraged before making contem- distance that is charged for the whole >

-Florida Citizen. stroyed. The last resort was to get a plated improvements, have L8 i. givenin distance on the same lines.-Southern
If the editor of the Citizen will em- bill through the Legislature making it a the Ruralist with a sole view a awak- Ruralist. : ,.-

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