Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00105
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 12, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00105
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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, i Powers,Editor. T JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, DECEMBER 12, 1896. Whole Vn. 1453 t'N.iFSYol. soJ

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!I' ill1IR! The Largest Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA.

Varieties and the
HIGHEST Know the Plums (over 30 varieties, Wickson Red June, Hale, White Keler.18! new
kinds). Peaches(Sneed Triumph,Suber over varieties). Pears, Kaki.Nuts,
.s QUAUTYFOR BEST Tl{EES TO PIIA1 K Grapes Oranges, Lemons,Pomelos, Kumquats Roses,etc. .

j IJOWEST. PRICES We shipped more peaches from our own orchards this (Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals
season than all other growers in this section combined
F)EIGMT! and made big MONEY at it.
P/iEPAlD Bill Trees From fiURSERMEN Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.

) A handsome,65-page Catalogue for ISOS-W,with over 50 engravings. Gives
: I. Iffc WHO>> RRE FRUIT GROWERS adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions recent exper-
ience in orchard and market with varieties new and old,with lUll cultural In-

Everything for the South. formation. ThisUpToDate HORTICULTURAL HAND-BOOK FREE

Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes,

Nuts, Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc. I Investigation into the Requirements of Florida Orchards.
15 Y
{ Experience and Experimenting In Growing Florida Fruit
350: Varieties. A MILLION and a lialf trees. Over 300 acres. ears
Extensive propagation of Trees for Florida
No BETTER stock to select from. None so LARGE.New Planting.
Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations 26 New Photographic Views, Free on
application. GLEN ST. MARY

THE GRIFFING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny. .L. TABER President.A. ,
.H.MANVILLE Secretary.
Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla.


: f W. W. HAWKINS & SONS We handle no Commission Seed but receive direct from such well-known Seed
Growers as Ely, Landreth, Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc.
k of Trees for the season of 189697.All
Are offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties Orange ,
of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low Caultflower-Henderson's8nowball ...................................Pkg.25 $3.50 Ozik|6.00 2000 IK:
and from Bearing trees. Onloq-Bermuda Red........................................ ....... I 5) 20 40 1.00
# '# VARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME. # Onion-Bermuda White...... .............................. .. I 5 20 riO 1.50
Tomato-Livingstons. Any variety....................... .......... 5 20 50 1.75
Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low. Onion Set.-RedorYeUow..perbuahel.... %350 ... .... .... ....
Send postal for Descriptive- catalogue to .. White............ ......... u .... 4,00 .... .... .... ....
Georgetown, Fla
Write for price list. BURTON K. BAItRS,

The DQihaaakeeHplopida Ofaocje Co. ,

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Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown In an experienceof
thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and Includes the following widely SATSUMA, TANGERINES, PARSON BROWN, ETC., ETC.

known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown,
Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa,Majorca Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seedless + -,. + -f BUDDING WOOD. + + + + '
,Pineapple Homosassa and Tangerine. Tardiff and King Duncan and Marsh Seed-
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superiorto Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.
the round). Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor
Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to
The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices.
Milwaukee Florida Orange Co.,
DUNEDIN, FLA. Monticello,Fla.

*GAIT: ] :D P] CANS**

From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and SOMERS BROTHER The
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. & CO. Largestand


Fruits and Produce
Trifoliata stocks one,two and three years old. All stock clean and healthy. Send for Interesting -
catalogue. I. ten.In car bed'Iota and smaller Most .
OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NUBSEBIES, ==Producu of the. Orchard.' SardeS' .
and"arm, '
GIRARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla. Coiii plete
J. H.
Bead for ear Mttl boot"SofgtttkBs to Bhfppen,"Ifutet
Beportt,Special References: StendU,etc.,all tree. '
Inquiries and Correspondence Invited. Estllblishment-

SEEDS FOR THE SOUTHDoes "bliM1 >. :_-_

It not stand to reason that a Southern firm that gives their "vR'' Send for Annual Descriptive -
entire attention to growing and selling seeds for use in the South,is In CATALOGUE 4
a better position to supply your wants in the way of good seeds for 4. newly Issued and revised. Geo. Hacker & Son
Southern planting than the Northern seed houses. Our business is en- t It contains everything ,
tirely In the South. We want to sell you some of our seeds this year t needed by the Horticulturist -
for your garden. Send us your name and address on a postal card and t S. and plant-lover. Manufacturers of
we will send you our Catalogue and Price-list of seeds free. Send now. 0 PLANTS an(TREES for BUILDING MATERIAL, ,::,
Catalogue for 1897 ready December I5th. or Orchard Greenhouse, Window Largest, Lawn CHARLESTON, S. C,
o collection to select from Purchase our makes which we guarantee
H. G. I-I STINGS, & CO., b.4 s'. in the.South. superior money. to any sold South,and thereby save

Fla. Seedsrren.IEi .

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Direct from Factory at Wholesale Prices. 30 per cent.--caved. J
lIfflhJilitiJIBehold [Guaranteed Write at once for new beautifully Illustrated 200/
APPLY FOR LETTERS y page Catalogue sowing latest styles in large variety from a$10 cart to
the most stylish carriage. Prices In
"1.."onto lit' every state. Highest awards at Worlds .I"
Write today CaUloctt fr... ALLIANCE CASXI&8E CO., 12J Cut Coati StouJJUciuitl,OU0.>

What a Fire a Little Spark Dndleli. : i

One little rang pig crawled through a rail fence _
from the highway,meandered up around the barn Notice is hereby that the tenth "
given on
sneaked through the gate and introduced hog of December A.:D. 1896 the day NOW READY FOR FALL ANTING. j
Cholera to the fattening herd. The resulting loss undersigned will 1 1t i
would hare covered the cost of plsr-tlffht Page apply to Governor Henry L. Mitchell for letters
fence for that whole farm. Are you protected 7 patent on the following proposed Charter
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO. AdrianMich. for THE EAST MEXICO IMPROVEMENT COM- We have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour : J
PANT. and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our, nursery stock having ,
L. R. BENJAMIN, Jacksonville, Fla. been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition. '

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Following varieties guaranteed true to name: :
1j. W. "
Articles of Incorporation. TANGERINE HOMOSASSSA. SATSUMA, I
Oranges and GRAPE JFRUIT. .
to A few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3 to 4 feet. Price,SO and 75 1
cents each. t i t
orts we,the undersigned citizens of the State of BUDWOOD. '
Florida hereby associate ourselves togetherand
form a body politic and corporate under Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reduced j- '
nvestments and by virtue of the laws of the State of {in October on some varieties. For full particulars,address ,t
Florida now in force governing general corporations HASTINGS & WYLIE, ,;<
,and publish and declare the following -
Developments objects and powers of said company, to- Interlachen, Fla.
wit: t
First. The name of said corporation shall 1
[Attractions be "The East Mexico Improvement Com ,114
pany." The general or home office of the
j$ Addr.si, company shall DO located in the city of Jacksonville 15,000 BUDDED TREES
Duval county Florida, U. S. A., at
G. D. ACKERLY, which office the general affairs of the com-

r CCNCIttLPAI3eNer.lt ACCNT, f shall pany shall have be power conducted.through: The its Board said company of Di- All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon

tHE TRoPICAL TRUNK LINE, other rectors offices hereinafter in such provided places in for the to United open roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.

ftJACKSONVIUC.. FLORIDA.LIGHTNING States Mexico or other countries as it may Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropical t

deem company's necessary business.Second. for the. transaction of the said and semitropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.

, WE'LL 'WACH'YHt The object and business of the Catalogue on application.
",Rut o"P.S' A1R t.T 5... company shall be to acquire by purchase or
.r.G.A otherwise real estate in said county or St,'& e
Otl t E'NG.lN SJrrd and other States of the United States es well JOHN B. BEACH, Indian River Nurseries
AMEMCAN .WEUA. : as in Mexico and such other countries as may ,
RL: JVi.... CHiCA'&O.SEEDS.- b A be deemed best by the Board of Directors of (Established 1886.)
the company and to improve and develop the
same, as well as to sell, mortgage, lease or WEST PALM BEACH FLA.
otherwise dispose of it. ,

To buy, sell and exchange all classes of
ffRRY5 stocks bonds notes and mortgages.To .

borrowand loan money on such security,
terms and conditions as the company shall JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD
deem best. President.H. Vice President.
Perfect seeds grow Third. The amount of capital stock shall T. BAYA. THOS. W. CONRAD
paying crops. Privet seeds be Three Million ($3,000.000))) dollars, divided Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
arenotgrowu lyci.unce. JJotl into Three Hundred Thousand ((300,000))) shares CAPITA $100,000.
f inglarvrrleft todi .uce1ngrow.IngEerry'seeda : ( of Ten($10,00)) each, to be paid up as by-laws s

them everywhere.: Write. Doalenjbell forFERRYfS may Fourth.direct.The term of existence shall be THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

Patent.perpetual from date of issuing Letters ,

SEED ANNUAL Fifth. The amount of indebtedness of said JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
corporation shall at no time exceed fifty ((50!)
for 1S90. Brimful of valuable per cent.of the par value of the stock issued. Respectfully solicits your Deposits,Collections and General
.Information about best and new. Sixth. A Board of directors composed of
eat seeds. Free by mall' not less than three nor more than eleven Banking Business.
D. M. FERRY & CO., stockholders shall manage and control its af r :
Detroit, Mich. fairs and have general supervision of its busIness
interests. Said board shall be elected Depositors offered every facility: which their bal-
annually at the time and in the manner provided -
by the by laws of said corporation;firs ances, business and responsibility warrant.
election of said board shall take place on the
second Wednesday in December, A. D. 1897
and until which time the said board shall be
Messrs. Perkins and Elmore, of composed of the undersigned incorporators, PER YEAR UP.DIRICCYI'OFt
who shall continue In office until their .
Hartford, Conn., have just purchasedthe sue-
cessors are duly elected and qualified.
S. D. Harwood property, com Seventh. The officers of said corporation t

prising buildings and 200 acres of f shall be a President, Vice President, Secretary John L. Marvin Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin
and Treasurer(one person may hold two H. T. Baya. W. M. Davidson Judge R. B. Archibald
solid hammock land; also including or more offices),who shall be elected annually I Dr. H. Rnhtn on.a ;

the, celebrated "Island Grove," containing by selected:the Board to serve of Directors.until the first The annual Board above meet- i

five acres, for which Mr. Har Ing shall choose said officers to serve until the
wood after, i it first annual election and until their successors $100 worth for 10c.
paid $5.000 two years are elected and qualified. Our Fair Exhibits
budded. It is said the Eighth. Said Bend 10 Mat lIP ma. rate4 book telling how
was new own corporation shall adopt by ftto Urt a FRXI UBR1KYID.Jour loulUr With fire car loads of wild animals we have
will the laws consistent with the laws cf the State of without eat to&he member. Get It qniek 11 given free shows at the leading State and District
ers enlarge groves to eighty Florida and with these articles of incorpora-- CITIZENS'LIBRARY A8S!, Fairs. We thus famish Instruction amusement
acres.- Ormond item in Indian River first tion adopted for the managemen shall be adopted of its by affairs a majority;those __ K..6S F inil .._... X,w Ytrfc.,.Z. and applications proof that are In the for Pare next year's Is the exhibit.best. 8eflW

Advocate.We v of all the shares of stock then issued;they BRASS BAND PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich.
may be amended or repealed in the manner
also visited Mr. E. \V. Amsden provided by said bylaws.In Instrument,Drams,Uniforms,Equip-
and found him at the height of the witness whereof men t for Band and Dram Corps. Lowest
we have hereunto a- :Mr. Curtis the
fixed our hands and seals prices nerquoted. Fine Catalor0 immigration agentof
season of shipping palmetto berries. this seventh day of Illustrations,>nailed free; it rfyes Band
November,A. D.1896. Miuic Instrnct'ns for Amateur Bands. the F. C. & P., says that the Owl
He has engaged Mr. J. P. Turner to L. R. BENJAMIN [Seal.] LYON: A HEALY, Tobacco Company- of Quincy has
furnish him J, ( ] >.I&UBI St..m4 Vtbaih ATOM,fktag.,01.One ,
with 18,000 pounds of C'OltEELEYklseal.
W. [ .] 450,000 pounds of tobacco in their
these berries, which the latter is now barns and that had been
STATS or FLORIDA man who has a couple of small they offered

gathering on Banana river, the crop ,County of Duval. } 8S bearing groves in the country not far sixty cents a pound for half the crop,
on the Halifax not being a good one take it it Even this
0nthilafJr8iSallX) appeared before me, from Braidentown has been offered as comes. at price
this year. Mr. Amsden will ship altogether Benjamin, W. g Harwick, and J.
Greeley to me wen known- as the who C. $5ooo for his this year's crop of there is big money in tobacco, but for
of these berries Persons
30,000 pounds signed the foregoing articles of Incorporation Another man who has a the quality we raise in this county we
to the north, and has special drying and acknowledged that they executed the oranges. much better
same for the offered $22,000 for expect prices.-
purposes therein expressed- large grove, was
ovens for preparing the berriesproperly. :
: whereupon it is
prayed that the Courier-Informant.
maybe the New York
.-Florida Star. recorded.In his crop on trees by a
'fitness whereof!have hereunto set my firm last week; but he refused it. Strawberries are now blooming in

Three thousand nursery trees were hand.A.and D.l896.seal, this Seventh day of November Every man down there who has a few Lakeland, and in two or three weeks

bought for Citrus county last month, ALLKN ; acres in bearing grove walks around this great delicacy will be on the market
two thousand of which were peach: -'- qty Public, "'
and snaps his finger in the face of Therere about 120 acres

: trees, the remainder were orange, plum | JSEAL" } State at of Large.Florida. hard times, and smokes fine Havanas. planted in strawberries there this sea.
and Advertiser. '
pecan.-Palatka -v- Tribune.
-Tampa son.


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I Transportation. Manatee River are many large trucking points to the same extent as in New and a quarter of Tane-nashi-a matter

I points; of these Palmetto, Braid- York,) the option being given them of entirely irrelevant. I never said Tane-

entown, Ellenton; Manatee and Terra accepting or rejecting the goods after nashi once. I wasn't shipping Tane-

I, A COGENT ARGUMENT. Ceia Island ship 90 per cent. of their sufficient time has been accorded to nashi; in tact, I have not over a half-
products west from Port Tampa via examine them. In the case of water- dozen trees of Tane-nashi on my plan-

Facts and Figures Addressed to Mobile, because the excessive Eastern melons, prepayment of freight is de- tation.I .

the 1 Raf1roads. freights preclude shipping to Baltimore manded, or the receivers are compelledto will not permit you to divert me

The National League of Commission Philadelphia, New York or Bos-I give a bond guaranteeing same.A from the main question to discuss

Merchants of the United States ton; we also find that Winter Haven DIRECT APPEAL. Tane-nashi, but will pass that by as

and the Wholesale Fruit and Produce and Clermont, Florida, heavy tomato All of these things should be care- irrelevant.I .
sections, of late are shipping the bulk said that the in culti-
Trade Association, under date of New fully weighed. Receivers and planters .
of their .
York, Dec. i, 1896, send out the following goods west.TARIFFS fully recognize the magnitude of. vation were mainly seedless.
petition : OUT OF DATE. the Pennsylvania System and duly appreciate You flatly deny it, and base your

To the Board of General Traffic Managers We desire to call your attention to its splendid facilities, also are denial solely on the fact that one sin-

of the Pennsylvania Systemand the fact that when Southern fruit and not unmindful of the fact that it has gle nurseryman is propagating some

Southern Connections: vegetable shipments were only a frac- in many places largely increased the seedy sorts. I suppose that is the best

GentlemenOn tion of their present magnitude and farming industry by making it possibleto evidence you can produce, as I give
when prices were quadruple those of market the products; but as pow- you credit for doing your best.I .
October 22nd A. F.
Young, the past season, freight rates were no erful as it is, it would be inexpedient said persimmons could be shipped
George W. Olivit, C. H. Bahrenburg, higher and that your cost at the pres- and unwise for it to decline to better than strawberries, peaches or
J. N. Voorhees and W. J.
Phillips, ent time to transport these products is contrast the farmer of the present pineapples. This you "flatly deny"as
committee from the New York
receivers proportionately much less. Your tariff with the past and fail to recognize his to strawberries, and sustain your
met by appointment in Philadelphia from Eastern Shore Virginia was re- inevitable future, if it passes over contention by saying that you have

the Traffic Managers of the duced this fall from 40 to 30 cents unheeded this appeal for relief, or more than once put them in refrigerators
Pennsylvania Railroad and its con- at a cost of $2.56 to $3.84
per barrel and we are informed that exhibits a disinclination to share its per
this. meeting the New York com- your North Carolina berry rates (re- just percentage of the burden. bushel, and had them go in good con-
mittee was requested to submit (later, ) frigerator cars) will be reduced the You may ask, what has the com-
a written statement of facts figures and coming spring from $1-25 to $1.05, a mission merchant done ? He has goneto Did you not realize the grotesque
reasons, why a reduction of the present reduction varying from 16 to 25 per the assistance of the planter year absurdity of comparing a few lots of

tariff rates between New York and cent. after year, and now has reached the strawberries,;s in high-priced refrigera ,

Southern points over the Pennsylvania LOWER RATES INCREASE BUSINESS. point beyond which, for the securityof tors with persimmons sent as common
the entrusted to him he freight? But laying that absurdityaside
System should be made., Pursuant to Aside from the-satisfaction you must ,
that request the New York receivers enjoy at having encouraged the planter must not go. That the receivers I will put the FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER the witness standto
have been co-sufferers with the farmer on
through their committee by offering substantial
respectfully some help,
show how the
requires but moment's considera. } strawberry usually
submit for your careful considerationwhat we are constrained to say that the con- a
reaches the New York market.
appears to be the general wishor cession made to the farmer on Eastern tion. Their commissions are based
concensus of opinion as equitable, Shore Virginia has increased the busi. upon market values, namely sales, From February i, 1896, to April n,
during .the height of the
and it requires to real- strawberryseason
no thought
and beg that you will give this most ness over your line more than 25 percent
.. ,important matter that thought and investigation and that your aggregate of mon- ize that commissions are not now AND
it demands. ey receipts have not been less than one-half of what they were when the GROWER every week gave a report of
the market in New York.I .
Since the committee's conferencewith when the rate was 40 cents per barrel. present tariff'rates were formulated; strawberry
the Traffic Managers, its Secretary I If a general reduction of 25 per cent. aside from this, credits are longer, will give extracts from every week
during that whole time which will
has been in correspondence with alII on the present tariff is conceded to risks much greater and freight-bills ,
the important Southern shipping North and South Carolina, Georgiaand payable in full and on demand. Fertilizer show (not a few pet lots) how straw-

points. It would be impossible in the. Florida, the increase ot businessover companies, crate and barrel berries, as usually handled, stand the

brief time allotted to properly tabulatethe the P. R. R. and its connections, factories, local merchants and all transit:
rates submitted and desired by all in the opinion of the trade generally, branches of trade doing business with February i, 1896-' Quality below

sections and to thoroughly classify the. will more than offset the concession. ths farmer, have to a greater or less prime,"but sales at comparatively full

voluminous correspondence receivedin The influence which will be broughtto extent shared the burden. prices.
8-"Have been
support of the appeal. Charleston bear on shippers through their cord We now turn to you, the Board of f February and chiefly

shippers request that their rates be respondents in the East, and the vast Traffic Managers of the great Penn very green poor.1February

changed (from 63 cents per barrel to 50. interests which the commission merchants sylvania system and its Southern con 15-"As a rule,they have
been below and
cents, and from 33 cents per crate or control, will be materially felt nections, feeling assured that yourhigh sale. Some prime have meeting slow
r basket to 25 cents; Savannah, that by the Pennsylvania line and Southern sense of fairness and justice hardly brought ex-

hers be changed to 50 instead of 68 connections. will prompt immediate action in behalf press charges.
cents barrel and instead of of those who have been -essential February 22-"Have continued to
per 30 39 THE WATERMELON INTEREST arrive from Florida of
f irregular qualityand
cents per basket or crate, or about 25 factors in the establishment of
should receive its full of under
ripe. Strictly fancy are
per cent. reduction on the present sideration in amended scheduleof your road and its connections, and wanted."
tariff rate the to your largely through whose efforts have
apply corres
rates. This is .
industry lots of
rapidly February 29-"Choice ripe
all in been made the
pondingly to points Georgia and possible realization
growing less the freight rates size salable.
; present good are readily Very
and of
South Carolina. Florida asks for perfection magnificent
a are so excessive that to grow them at i your few have shown quality to exceed fifty
reduction of 25 to 33j per cent and system.
a profit is impossible. It is a com cents..
that the concession be not special but mon occurrence for receivers to lose Yours very truly, March 7-"The great bulk of the
to include all in that State and '
points hundreds of dollars W. J. PHILLIPS,
each season on Florida receipts have been under ripe.
to embody all produce and fruits.In Secretary Committee.The "
alone the melons
freights not selling Many of them very green.
the matter of freight discrimination for enough to cover amount of trans The above is a copy of the "Peti March 14-"Quality still irregular.

portation. The rate upon this pro tion" to the Pennsylvania Railroad. ."

IN FAVOR OF THE WEST, duct is out of all proportion to its gen :March 21-"Most lots are of ordi-

upon investigation you will find that eral market value. TransportationPersimmons.2d1tor ,nary to simply good quality."
the present rates from Ocala to Gainesville The Pennsylvania Railroad demandsthe Fanner and Pruit-Gr wer. March 28-"Arrivals have shown

incluswethe heaviest trucking sec- payment in full of all bills upon Your method of commenting on my somewhat poorer quality than hereto-

tion in Florida, there is a difference in presentationcondition; of goodsgluttedmarkets last article shows-good judgment. fore. Fancy quality has been hard to
carload lots in favor of the West of and the matter of receivers not When one meets propositions and find."

from 15 to 20 cents per barrel; for ex- being able to sell for enough to cover I deductions that cannot be successfully April "Scarcity of strictly fancy

ample, Evinston, Florida, a very large freight charges are not considered.This controverted, it is a good plan to fruit.
cabbage producing centre, has a rate is a severe hardship and we think change the subject, to introduce and April 1 Arrived in very irregular -
of 97 cents per barrel in car lots to unreasonable demand, and one to prominently exploit irrelevant matter condition and.generally soft Many

New York, and 82. cents to Chicago; which none of the other Southern for the purpose of befogging, obscuring of them have been in bad order, and

you will also find that in less than car- lines subject their patrons, (and ware e and distracting attention from the some very mouldy."

load lots the rate to New York is$r.o6 informed is not enforced even by main subject. I need not make any comments on

per barrel or barrel crate. On the I the Pennsylvania Railroad at all its So you start out by firing a column that showing for strawberries.


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M. I
Now, as a matter of fact, I have beggar, and humbly asks a "conces- Grove $ Orchard. Enclosed pleased find my check for
been shipping persimmons by ordinary sion." He asks a favor. He begs. $2 for renewal of my subscription. 4
freight for many years, and do not remember He crawls in the dirt before a monop- GOLDSMITH H. WILLIAMS. ;

of a single lot that has not oly, and silently, or sullenly, or wrath- A Florida Orange Grower in Ewarton, Jamaica. .. ..
gone through in such condition as to fully accepts the crumbs or rebuffs that Jamaica. ... .
sell for such a price as would give mea are offered to him. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: The Mexican Orange Worm. t
fair profit, if only reasonable freighthad No, I never did it 1 The blood thatI There has been considerable in your A former Floridian, now living in
been deducted. have inherited from those who land paper this fall regarding the selling of Virginia, a short time ago receivedsome

You say, "We do not care to chargethe ed on Plymouth Rock, and from Rev foreign oranges as Floridas.I oranges from New Mexico, to
elephant, Plant, Chipley & Co., olutionary heroes, boils at the thoughtof think we have shipped this season which territory they had been shippedfrom
with the murder of the puny, sickly asking as a favor what belongs to 'from this island thus far as many Mexico. They were heavy and
kaki." me as a right. boxes of oranges as all other shippersput juicy, but in the heart of one of them
That is a conspicuous fact. We all Under the laws of the land trans- together (most of the oranges from were hidden what he described four
noticed that you did not charge them portation companies are common car- here go in barrels) and we not only lively, brown-headed, white worms,
with anything.Now riers, and bound to carry persons and stamp the boxes, "From C. B. Hub- each about three-eights of an inch
property at reasonable rates. bard, Ewarton, Jamaica," but also long, and one-sixteenth of an inch
I do them with
charge the'murder" The law does not give them the unlimited wrap them in paper with the same thick." The pest undoubtedly is the
of the "kaki" business.
right to decide what those words on it. I am not aware of any Mexican orange worm, Trypeta
When my "kaki" go into a "rough rates should be. boxes or barrels leaving here branded ludens, and it infests oranges in the
and tumble" general market, and a It takes two to make a fair and equi- Florida. In fact the name Jamaica is State of Morelos, south of the City of
box sells for much
three-peck as moneyas table and satisfactory bargain. quite conspicuous on the packages.It Mexico. There are pests, and pests,
an eleven-peck barrel of apples, it When the people, the party of the may be that some dealers in New but anything more disgusting than
seems to me to be a rather robust,self- first part, arise in their majesty and as- York or elsewhere try to palm off the the one here mentioned it would be
invalid. :Mine did that and
asserting sume their rights, then, and not until Jamaica firuit as Florida. I am aware difficult to imagine. Its introduc-
sold at wholesale at forty-five cents a then, will the railroad business be that this was done last year to some tion into the groves of California
peck, and then brought me in debt. done in a "straight forward, business- considerable extent, but do not thinkit would soon kill the orange as a
Fruit that will sell in the general mar- like' after and fruit.
manner. satisfied those who tried to perpetuate sought appreciated
ket as crowded as was the fruit market It takes two to make a bargain. the swindle. The Jamaica orangeis It would be a calamity. Fortunate.
this fall at forty-five per peck, whole- DUDLEY W. ADAMS. quite good, but to my surprise and ly the danger, though it exists, is not
sale, does not show itself to be a remarkably -
I. :Mr. Adams wrote about Japan satisfaction I found last winter whilein an impending one. The State of
"puny and sickly kaki. persimmons, which he claimed are New York that the consumers usu- Morelos is not large and lies directly
It does not show plain symptoms of mostly seedless. The Tane.nashi is a ally knew whether they had a genu- south of the City of Mexico, from
inherent weakness, and its death at Japan[ persimmon and is seedless. ine Florida, or something simply which place it is distant about sixty
the hands of the transportation companies 2. Most of the strawberry quota marked Florida. miles in a direct line. A railroad
is clearly a case of "murder." tions cited by our correspondent state Some people in Florida have natu- traverses the center of the State con

The withering contempt with which that the fruit was green when it rally looked to this island since the necting it with the City of Mexico
you refer to my "few boxes of persimmons started, which was no fault of the great freeze in Florida as a good placeto and through it, the entire country
," over which I make a "fuss," refrigerators or the transportation com- come to raise oranges. It is true north, including of course, the United!
will be accepted by readers at its true pany. that here they would be free (from States. No railroad communicationexists
value, without comment by me. 3. The editor of this paper pays frost but like every other country it has between the State of Morelos
You ask ("for information"): "Did the freight on his strawberries in cash its disadvantages.I and the coast, south and west of it,
Mr. Adams ever visit a railroad office and at the same rates as all his neigh- do not consider that it would bea and which would be the nearest way
and seek to get a reduction of rate?" bors. He rides on certain railroads, good place to enter into orange in reaching California. And again,
What do you take me for? What on a pass, and does not 'care who growing for various reasons. The lying between the State of Morelosand
acts o'f insane weakness have I ever knows it. It is paid for with advertis- chief one being that there are now as the coast, stretches the Sierra
committed that caused you for one ing space, which costs him moneyitis many oranges produced here as the Madre del Sur, a mountain range of
moment to deem such an act possible? a large part of his stock in trade- market will take of this fruit duringthe considerable height forming a natural
That I, a common country soil tiller, hence he pays for his rides, in the season in which it can be barrier to heavy transportation. But
with only a"few boxes of persimmons; end, just as really as :Mr. Adams does, shipped.Last commerce is penetrating. Apples are
that I, who do not ride on a pass; in cash. We hope this is the last timewe year and this year I broughtwith being received into California from
that I should pay my fare to Atlantacr shall hear of that old stuff about me as packers a number of men New York State and no one knows
Savannah to appear before the editors riding on free (deadhead) from Florida, but with two exceptionsthey where the continued spread of trade
Southern Traffic Association and ask 1 passes. returned or are to return. may lead, and the present time is none
"for a reduction of rates" on a "few 4. In another column we print a pe- Mr. Hubbard has quite large inter- too early in which to put up the bars
boxes of persimmons" would be a pieceof tition (distinctly labeled as such'on the ests at Crescent City, Putnam county, that shall keep out so dreadful a thingas
idiocy of which I did not suppose official type-written copy sent to us) Florida, and I have considerable there. the Mexican orange worm. Hor
any one would deem me capable. I addressed by the merchants' leagueto ,We are both bringing up all our ticultural bodies everywhere should
feel humiliated that even one man the Pennsylvania railroad. This !orange trees again and not doing anything take up the matter and see to it that
should think me capable of such child- league' has branches in seven here in the way of orangegrowing. the several State legislatures should
like simplicity, preposterous egotismor teen great cities of the North with pass laws prohibiting the importationof
servile imbecility. I never did it I II over 3,000 members. Their influenceand To all who have not been here to oranges from the State of Morelos,
didn't do it! I never, never, never power in this country are proba- see for themselves, and yet have an Mexico. The California State legis-.
did! bly equal to that of the President of idea that they would like to settle lature, particularly, should do this.-
For a man who rides on a pass to the Florida State Horticultural Society; here, I would say, first come and see California Fruit Grower.
go on such a trip would be a nice sort they are good business men who know for yourselves. Of course much can ---- -S ... S
of an outing. He would be treated both how to make money and how to be grown here besides oranges, and I Silver Palm Key and the Silver
courteously, and praised for his assert their right; but their blood does think more profitably than oranges Palm.
"straight forward, business-like meth- not, "boil" at the thought of doing a could be, but no one should give up I 1 Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
ods." He would get lots of taffy, anda sensible thing. what he already has in Florida with' Well towards the northern borderof
renewal of his pass, and his neigh- Mr. Adams says "it takes two to the intention of coming here to enter that wonderful group called the'
bors still pay $3.84 freight on straw- make a bargain," which is a very just i into agricultural or horticultural pursuits Ten Thousand Islands lies Silver Palm
berries. and true observation. He wishes the I without first coming and carefully Key, an island of no great extent, all
You call that a "straight forward, people to "arise in- their majesty and investigating. They should have of which save some sixty acres lies
business-like method." In most kindsof assume their, rights." There is some some capital too, in order to succeed.I too low for cultivation. In many
business it takes two to make a bar- confusion of logic h.ere.Vhen men have been much pleased to see the places the channels that form its bore
* gain. Usually the two parties must "assume their rights"they do not"makea firm stand you have taken during the der are scarcely more than a stone's
agree upon the terms of a transaction. bargain." As he says, it takes two recent political campaign in favor of throw in breadth, yet none of the-
When we buy, or sell, or swap, both to "make a bargain," but it only takes sound money, and am of course much adjacent islands nor any others until
parties have to be agreed or no trade. one to "assume his rights" delighted with the glorious victory you get below Cape Sable furnish a
That is business, as usually transacted. which preserves our national honor home for the graceful, beautiful silver
When the man with a "few boxesof The orange crop of the Manatee and insures our prosperity as a people.I palm. The whole cultivable portion -
persimmons," and no pass, goes to County Lemon Company, estimatedat expect to return to America in a of the island was covered with
a railroad association and "seeks a reduction i,ioo boxes, is reported to have few weeks but will probably not reach these in connection with the rougher,
of rates" he does not go as anequal. been sold on the trees for $4,000. my home in Crescent City until sometime more sturdy, far more homely cabbage
He goes as a mendicant, as a Manatee River Journal. in.January. palm, until the hand of the husbandlt4 .'

.x s z_,. .. -,'......' ._._ __
:::If l'P"' -. _,

w. .. ...

I II' ,. ,. .- -
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man in search of subsistence, con Effects of the Freeze. readers tell me the nature of'the disease The Red Spanish, well grown, Cannot .

signed the great body of them to destruction Much has been, and is being said, if disease it is. My grove has not be surpassed for flavor, and it can

leaving only those that occu- by those who hope to profit thereby, been plowed since last :May, but was be grown to a very respectable size .
pied the nooks and corners not con about the great advantage accruing to fertilized with Mapes' Orange Tree in also. It can be grown more tender

venient for cultivation to representthe Southern California orange growers as July.It. than those usually shipped,but its firm ."-
fittest to survive. the result of the Florida disaster. With was cold here last week, but the" texture, the only characteristic feature 4which'cannot 't

The island lies five miles north of other things, this has been used as a thermometer did not get below 44. ? be very much altered byt ,

Marco, and its only inhabitant is a leverage in efforts to disrupt the Exchange W. A. SANDS. culture, is a great advantage in keep
hospitable old gentleman, Mr. Neal system. Auburndale, Dec. 7th. ing and shipping. Growers should

Harris,who after having lost his health The writer has maintained that Flor- Probably the leaves of your grape devote more care to the improvement "
and his family in Texas, sold his pos. fruit trees are infested with the rust of the Red Spanish variety, and they
ida's loss would in the end det-
sessions and spent the proceeds of rimental California's, interests.prove All mite. If you will send us a few by might find it paid them better than

them wandering in search of health, to tend to mail we will have them examined. heavy cash outlays on fancy plants.
until finally on this lonely island he subsequent developments con- The difference in first cost of the
firm and Trade
regained his health and sufficient fortify our position. plants the freedom from disease of

worldly goods to make him comfortable papers with unfolding and those conditions disposed to keep begin.pace Pinery. the Spanish and its easy culture, are

with something to give to the are great advantages to begin with, and
to realize the situation and are
needy, which he is not slow to do. ning forced to the same conclusion. Our Edited by J. B. Beach West Palm Beach.FlaFull then the fact that very few people will
Now as to the tree itself. Like the pay more for a s-pound Cayenne,
contention that it would not
cabbage it sends single was only Abbakka or Enville than for
palm up a a 5.
stimulate but would develop
stem or body, possibly thirty or forty importations, Fruiting. pound Red Spanish in the open mar-
and increase .
feet high terminated with a great foreign The heavy fall crop of this year is ket, gives us a great advantage whenwe
have at hand which
shock or brush of very large leaves. an exchange paying growers very handsomely. The can buy from two hundred to five
Unlike the cabbage tree the body is says: spring crop was short, owing to the hundred plants of the latter for the
"The influence of the loss of the
smooth and of a light silvery gray effects of the freezes of '94 and '95, cost of ten of the former.J. .
color on the outside and never more Florida crop was felt much more decidedly but these plants' which had not fully B. BEACH.

than four or five inches in diameter. by the Jamaica packers, and recovered in season to bear at the ...
also in a marked stimulation of impor- usual time have all blossomed Good Crop of Pines.
'\' The top, while quite as large in pro- nearly
.. portion as that of the cabbage tree, tations from :Mexico. Indeed, it may since, and the resulting fall crop is Notwithstanding the severe setback
fairly be said that the injury to the such handsome bid received the winter of
presents a far more beautiful appear- bringing prices as during 1894-95,
ance, the leaves being about as large Florida crop was the means of devel fair to make this year's returns better the pineapple industry along the
and far more shining and beautiful. oping the business of packers of this than before the freezes. It is a ques- Florida east coast is forging ahead,
Unlike those of the former they are country in Mexican oranges. Previous tion whether this tendency to bear in and will soon become one of the lead
flat, having not a crooked mid rib to that time but few packers of the fall will not be permanently estab-- ing industries in the fruit line in the

.. from which the leaflets extend, but a this country handled. :Mexican fruit, lished to some extent among such State. Captain W. J. Jarvis, general
but now a large number of them have and will lead fall of the Florida East Coast
solid center like and about the size of plants, not to heavy freight agent
an old Chinese fan, from the peripheryof entered the business. The Mexican crops for successive years. As it takes Railway, has just compiled a table of

which.leaflets,a foot long, or more, fruit does not come to the Eastern mar- about twelve months for the new more than passing interest. It gives
kets much as vet, but is distributed sucker bear which has the total in and half of
reach out. I was told that these to on a plant crates crates
beautiful leaves; from the islands be- mainly in the Western States. just fruited I think this is quite prob pineapples of 1894, 1895, and for the

low Cape Sable, where they are obtainable The Florida freeze has unquestionably able.Another season of 1896 up to November 30.
in abundance are sent, every greatly stimulated and broadenedthe matter occurs in this con- Captain Jarvis' figures are as follows :
field of foreign importation, as wit- nection Cannot the Whole Half Reducedto
year, by shiploads to Germany where : tendency to pro
they are gilded and sold as ornaments.No ness the recent heavy importations of duce fall fruit encouraged by whole
collection of palms is perfect Jamaicas and the new methods of pack- planting slips and suckers from fall- Crates Crates Crates.

without these slender, graceful speci- ing and substitution for Floridas.In bearing roots, selecting them and 1894...........28,365 15,135 35,931
the face of so formidable an array them of ? ..........
mens, and from the appearance of keeping separate, course 1895. 3,047 2,161 4,127
those I brought away, they are of of competitive forces some California Suckers from these plants may be set 1896...........16,768 52,488 43,012
easy growth, in a climate that permits growers propose to urge a competitive out even at this time of the year in Increase of 1896 over 1894, in.
warfare themselves
their culture. among along safety, and unless the winter is very whole crates, 7,081.
the lines of the law of the "survival of
cold and the which of
0. F. L'Amoreaux. dry, slips are Incrase of 1896 over 1895, in
the fittest. It is be the
hoped sober
Estero, Lee county.Prevention good size may be planted now with whole crates 38,885.
second will itself before
thought assert
.I. good results. If they are very small The movement for November, 1894,
the evil day shall come.-Fruit
of Frost. and the cold weather, is very pro. was 1,275 whole crates, and for Nc-
Exchange Review.
tracted and continuous and it
very vember of this whole
year 3,795 :
A more detailed account of one affair dry, they may decay or get stunted. crates.

for smoke and steam making is described Letter from Polk County. But an average wiper, with the usual The movement for December, 1894,
by R. W. :Meacham, which is Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: amount of cold days and ordinary was 567 whole crates. This move-

said to have elevated the 5 a. m. tera- Things are booming in this section, rainfall, will not hurt them if they are ment will be increased several time

psrature 10 degrees at a trial recently and times look better than ever. Al- good sized slips and long enough to during December of the present year.
made. The outfit is simple and ready there have three families movedin reach several inches into the soil whenset As can be seen from the above

cheap. A piece of ordinary chicken. here this fall, purchased land and even should there be some frost.It comparisons, the killing frost of 1894.
wire screen four feet square is fastenedat commenced putting in tomatoes. Mostof is a well known fact that small 95 practically ruined the entire pineapple
the corners to four stakes set or the tomatoes were planted in October plants or slips recently set will stand crop that winter. But it is en:
driven in the ground, the screen being and some are now in blossom, more frost than older plants. couraging to the growers to note that
about two feet from the ground. Six so that with no drawbacks, such as I On the other hand, it would not be the next year the shipments ran away
inches in thickness of wet leaves or frost, the early planters will commence advisable to leave slips on the stalk to ahead of 1894, which was considereda

straw is placed on the screen, with a shipping by the middle of February.On grow till spring, as they will be much very good year. Unlike oranges,
can of crude petroleum underneaththe these high hills, surrounded by safer ,in the ground, and protected by the pineapple plant along the east
leaves or straw. When the oil is large lakes, the frost is seldom seen. the warmth of the soil, will make coast is re-established within a yearor
lighted a dense white smoke arises In the eleven years that I have owned much more growth. I think it would fourteen months, and when a kill

which soon fills the orchard,I and so this place frost has never wilted a leaf, certainly be worth a careful trial, andI ing frost occurs, which may not hap-

heavy that it does not rise much higher and but for the freeze of February 8, hope will be practiced by growers pen again for half a century, it is only
than the tree-tops. There is an en- '95,.! could show a clear record as the generally now that we have such an the crop that is in sight that is lost.-
tire absence of the sooty smoke whichin freeze of December '94 did no material unusually good opportunity offered us. St. Augustine item in Florida Citizen.

experiments in years gone by proved damage to my trees. They are now Some growers, by repeated selection, .
unfit for use, because of the injury to growing strong and thrifty all but have eliminated to a large extent Florida phosphate is rich in phosphorus -
the fruit, but in its stead is a white about a dozen which I lost last winter thorns from the common kind, and one hundred and forty pounds ..

smoke. It is claimed that twenty of by banking, which r shall not do with the large amount of winter bearing per ton, and the Diamond Match
these baskets are ample for a ten-acre again. I have about half a dozen plants this year to start from, each company is being furnished with the
'orchard. It will l be the part of wisdom trees, mostly grapefruit, the leaves of could set out quite a good patch, and crude material by the Dunellon Phos-

for.fruit, growers everywhere to emulate which have a grayish color, as if cov- then when these fruited, select only phate company. The match makers
the example of the Riverside people, ered with dust. No one around here those which bore in the fall to replant find it cheaper to extract the ptios. .

and_attack the frost problem resolutely. seems to know what is the matter with another field with, and so on, as was I phorus than to buy it from manuf c-
-Pacific Rural Press, California. them. Will you or some of your done in the elimination of thorns* urers.-Orlando Reporter.


'" ':-
... .
"%4{ .


i who get best returns, use our who get their truck to market first, use .;

Strawberry Special Fertilizer. "The Ideal Fertilizer."
Price $25.OO Per Ton.
For Making Perfect Shipping Berries. ANALYSIS.
r- Ammonia..u.tt.if..f................... Per Cent. .',
Phosphoric Acid ..........._..... ...................... .7 2. to to 4 9.t per cent." Moisture ............................ ............................ 10 to 12 .
Equals Bone Phosphate of Lime.... ........... .....16 to 18 u tl Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal,Nitrate of Soda, Blood <*&,
Sulphate of Potash .< 6 to 8" and Bone.................. ....... .................... 4K to 5tf <>'. ,
Equals Actual U Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone....... 4-*" to 5-*" _
Made from Nitrate of Soda, Blood,Cotton Seed 3to"Meal,5 Bone,Acid Sulphate Potash.... ........ .........................11 to 13 ,
Phosphate and Potash Salts, Equivalent to Actual Potash.................... ........... 6 to 8 '
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood
'1 : "BEST CROP IN TEN YEARS." Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

Messrs.. Fisher & Powers: Lawtey, June 80th, 1896 This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitro

I used Wilson & Toomer's Strawberry Special Fertilizer my strawberry crop, gen coming from three different ingredients is especially
about 1,2001bs0: .to the acre,and from two acres shipped 150 bushels. 1 had the best ber-
ries,the best plants the best yield of ten years. My pear trees on the same land are valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak-
making a big growth. (Signed.) SIM HOGAN. ing quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash
Write for our Special Strawberry Circular, "How to Grow only..

Berries For Profit. Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced.we .

we also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Write Us for Prices before Buying. .

WDcsorc & TOOMBR, Jacksonville
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton.


Tobacco.Hints A liberal application of cotton seed must provide for it. I have repeatedly ready in April and that will give at
meal may be added to make the bed tried to get a complete ferti- least two cuttings, and if the season is
rich in nitrogen for the young plants, lizer high enough in potash to suit, favorable, three. There are a great
on Culture. thus tending to make them potash- but hitherto I have completely failedin many more points to be followed in
hungry when they are transplanted.A i my quest. A complete tobacco fer- the further stages of the plant's
Editor Farmer and Frnlt-Grower: few days afterwards, the bed shouldbe tilizer should analyze as follows: Tento growth, but I have made this too long t
Now that it has been demonstrated thoroughly raked and made per twelve per cent. potash (and the already, and will touch on those at 1
beyond any doubt whatever, that the fectly smooth and on a dry day sow source must be sulphate of pot- some future period. One word more,
soil and climate of the South are so the seed. A week at least must elapse ash), six to eight per cent. phosphoricacid in growing a tobacco crop, the main i'
well adapted to successful tobacco before sowing the seed, if cotton seed (and avoid coarse bone phosphate point is plenty of potash in your ferti-
culture, that in a very few years this meal has been used, owing to its ten- use the finest rock phosphate), lizer and the right sort. If you have
industry will be one of the leading dency to burn any tender seed; and and about three per cent nitrogen that, you need not fear, but you will
agricultural products of Florida and the; tobacco seed is one of the smallest (cotton seed meal is the best source of make a success of it, and when it
Southern Georgia-for in the last few and most tender of all seeds. In sowing nitrogen I have yet met). comes to the curing point, if you follow -
years it has been conclusively proven the seed,care must be taken to scatter it After this is applied to the land and this advice, you will be astonishedto
that Florida can successfully compete as evenly as possible and not too thick. well worked into the soil, the ground find the difference it makes in your
with even Cuba in growing a first- After it is sown, dry white sand shouldbe must be smoothed off by harrowing it product.
class article for cigar making-I thinka scattered all over the bed to slightlycover and if possible rolling it also. Then C. K. ltIcQuAR RIE.
few remarks on this subject will be the seed, this being superior to layoff shallow furrows, about three DeFuniak Fla. -
acceptable to most of your readers, raking it, and then the bed should be feet apart, with a small scooter plow Springs. .,.
.more particularly so, when we take well tramped with the feet. This is best (this is for Havana tobacco if the I
into consideration the fact that a crop done by tying fourteen-inch boardson .larger kinds are grown, four ;feet between The Teachings of Adversity.The .
ot tobacco yields in hard cash a very the feet, and going over the bed I furrows will be necessary). great failure of the orange crop
substantial return for time,labor and carefully, pressing the soil as evenly as The plants should be set in this fur- in Florida, which impoverished so
fertilizer spent on it; in fact, there are possible, and avoiding any hollows in row in the same manner as you wouldset many of the grove owners, led to some
*very few crops to equal it in this respect -. it for rain to stand in. out cabbage, that is with a dibble. unlookedfor results. It set many of
if everything is properly attended When your plants have made a good To do this well requires three persons the fruit-growers to experimenting in
to. growth and you feel certain of a good and another to carry water. A developing the capacities of their
i For a successful tobacco crop, one supply for transplanting, then begin to cloudy day should be chosen for this State and disclosing natural resources
has to try and get as good a start as prepare your land for the crop. I operation and if carefully done, every heretofore unknown. Before the failure
possible and to this end he must make find ground that had sweet or Irish. single plant will live. My mode of f of the orange crop and destruction
a proper beginning. The first pointto potatoes for the previous crop does : doing this is as follows: One mangoes of the groves, which so many
be well looked after is in making best to follow with tobacco, as the first, making the holes for the people were content in relying on for
sand sowing his seed-bed. In this soil is thoroughly well pulverized and plants about two feet apart; the next a livelihood, a great variety of products
latitude, seed sown between the first in a good physical condition to re- one follows with the plants and places which she is now shipping to
and fifteenth of January always gives spond readily to liberal fertilization. them in this hole just up to the first the leading markets of the country,
:the best results; the plants of seed In starting out to fertilize for tobacco, leaf; the next follows with another did not appear before early spring.
sown then are always hardier and one should bear in mind the fact, that dibble and presses the soil to the rootof Tomatoes string beans, green peas,
transplant better than those from seed he is dealing with one of the grossestof the plant, leaving another hole out scucumbers and many other vegetableswere
sown in February and March. The feeders, and must fertilize accordingly side of the plant, which the fourth one unknown as Florida products
bet form of a seedbed is gotten by if he wants good crops. On fills with water, and this water percol until after midwinter, or two months
placing a couple of logs on a level spot our ordinary sandy pine lands of this ating through the soil and among the after this time. The Florida truck
of ground and laying them parallel to State, at least one thousand poundsper roots of the plant, insures its growing farmers are making rapid progress and
each other, about five feet apart. After acre are required and fifteen hun- nght away. Four persons in this way displaying an amount of pluck and
placing the logs in position, the I dred would still be better, that is providing can easily transplant from twelve to enterprise that is creditable alike to
space between should be filled with a : your soil can assimilate that fourteen thousand plants in a day. It themselves and the State, and under
lot of rubbish, such as dried grass,and much. Some scatter the fertilizer in should always be aimed at to set as circumstances and conditions that are
anything that will bum readily. A the furrows, but I have had the best many plants at one time as possible far from being easy or pleasant.-P.
large pile of this should be made and success by scattering it broadcast and and the most to be set at the first t M. KIELY in St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
when dry enough set on fire; if the working it into the soil with the culti planting.It ...
logs get a little charred in the burning vator. is far better to let some plants get Just think of a city the size of Barj
process, so much the better, as this And now comes important poin extra large before removing them tow with not a single chicken in the
charring will help to keep off insects. of the whole matter, and that is the from seed-bed, than to have many market on a Saturday Surely some '
After all this rubbish is burned, and proper fertilizer to apply. Analysisof plantings; in this way you avoid the of our people could make it pay to go
before the the ground cools, the soil the tobocco plant shows an extraordinarily annoyance of plants of all sizes and i in into the poultry business enough to
ought to be dug up with a grub hoe high percentage,of potash, all stages among your crop. Seed supply the home market, at any rate.
and the ashes well mixed in the soil. and we want a good crop this is what sown in January should have plants I Bartow Courier-Informant.

_..__ ---. .- .
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1896. '"
THE 791 i
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be a warm one that will further stimulate Incubation on Farms. 4

Poultry. and break the effects of the cold The old hen is all right, and, even un- M.P0ta;
: der the most unfavorable condition:
------------------------------------- --------- morning temperature. Then there .
Edited by S. 8.DeLANOY Apopka Fla. should be a place for the hens to takes fairly good care of her little brood.

... ........ scratch and busy themselves in duringthe Bat she is not progressive enough. At *ll;
the utmost she cannot look after more in :
The first annual exhibition of the day. It should be under roof and than fourteen or fifteen chick The enterprising -

Atlanta Poultry Association will be situated so as to catch all the sunshineand farmer's wife can do better. 'i on. .farm meanslarger
held at Atlanta Ga. warmth possible. This can be With the aid of a firs -cla.qs incubator she I .
January 7-13, can raise from 100 to 150 chicks with
provided by having an enlarged shed and better
97. If you have anything that you much less trouble than she could care for yields ,
think fine enough to pull down a open only to the south, well littered the ten or one dozen hens which wouldbe I

ribbon, send to the secretary, A. Bert- with straw and leaves, in which to required to hatch the same number of of crops, permanent
ling West Atlanta Ga. for feed small grain. chicks. Not every one can run an incubator J
There is not much of successfully. It requires care and of the .1
blanks, premium lists, ets. danger overcrowding good head work to secure a good hatch; improvement .,
A correspondent writes in regard to in cold weather. The hens but with such attention there is much
raw sweet potatoes stopping hens from will do quite as well in large collec- more comfort in raising a flock than by soil andMMBk

laying. We never tried the experi tions as in small ones then. It is the old method. This month is a good
when the weather is warm and conditions time to test an incubator, as one or two
ment; advise cooking them and mash- hatches be brought while the
suitable may yet
ing with ground feed. Will some one for foraging that they eggs are fertile, and before extreme colt I Money -
who has had experience in feeding suffer and sicken in large flocks. weather sets in. The experience that maybe

sweet potatoes raw and cooked pleaselet Pullets old enough to lay, and full. gained in this way should be sufficientto ;
in the farmer's
us hear the results as to egg pro. feathered ones and two-year-old hens enable the farmer's wife to handle the pocket.
with good success early in the
duction. will lay under the above conditions, spring, when a hatch in March and another All about Potash-the results of its use by actual experiment *
We in have been : regardless of breed, and the dunghillswill in April will amply her for on the best farms in the United States-is
were hopes to able repay told in a little book which we publish and will gladly
to give Kaffir corn a fair trial this fall lay profitably also.-H. B. Geer, her efforts. Unless provision is made for mail free to any farmer in America who will write for it.
Tennessee. an artificially heated brooder house, it is GERMAN KALI WORKS,
as to its feeding qualities for poultry useless to try.to hatch during the winter 93 Nassau St.,New York.
food, but we are sorry to relate that months. Only a loss of chicks will re-
our patch was not sufficiently large to A Broiler Standard. sult. In the early spring, however, be .
feed our hens and all the blue jays in The following standard shows howto fore the hens become broody, the incubator FAIRVIEW PINERY.
will bring off at least two hatches,
the We believe the best
country. results approach the ideal broiler one that
and these chicks, with reasonable care,
can_be had with Kaffir corn by will sell best in the average marketsof will give a goodly number of early broil- .Choice
planting as early as possible and planting this country: ers, while the best of the lot, if given .
two acres, one for yourself and the proper attentionshould make such growthas
other for the birds. Jerusalem corn Weight, from one pound and a to reap a fine crop of prizes at the ear
to two each according Pineapple :
ditto-the latter like better quarter pounds ly fall fairs.The"farmer's.
we even
. to the time of the year. wife who attempts to raise
than Kaffir corn, so do the birds.S. Head short. chickens artificially will find that there is Plants
S. D. plenty:of work connected with the opera-
.. Comb, small-rose or pea preferred. tion; but, considering the numbers that
can be raised in this the labor is -0 FOR pAI4E. .-
Winter Care of Hens. Back, short, broad and flat at the way
; to.be compared with that necessary in -

Now is the beginning of the poul-' shoulders. handling a number of sitting hens. The Smooth Cayenne!II! Home Grown !II 1 .
tryman's year. It is the opening of f Breast, broad, deep and full. incubator lamp requires filling and trim

the season of activity, and it is time to Body, short,deep and well rounded. ming, the eggs must be turned, and the -- "
proper amount of moisture placed in the
take action in order'to make the hens Legs, short and stout thighs, short
machine: but all this is slight work compared ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.
profitable during the winter season. and stout shanks, free from feathers, to feeding and watering fifteen .

Left to roost in the trees, open sheds, and bright yellow in color. hens, and seeing that each one returns to

and to pick up their own living, the Color of skin, a rich yellow, andy cise.her proper Moreover nest after the taking daily hatched exert F. N. PRICE,

hens will scarcely lay enough to pa free from pin feathers. chicks are in no,danger artificially of being covered P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA. "

for what they get during the next two If broilers are sent to market in that with lice the moment they come out of .

or three months, when by proper aCe: condition they are bound to commanda the shell. A dry cellar is the best place : .
tion they can be made the most profit good sale. Large combs and feathered for the successful handling of an incubator. HOME GROWN
able of all the It will do no good, however, to hatch ---
year. legs are as great objections as a the chicks unless you are prepared take .7"

By the last of November the pullets pooly developed body, as they give good care of them when they are out of Pineapple Slips \
and the early moulted hens will belaying too much an appearance of age. To the shell. Many persons secure excellent

; at least, they should be, and make the carcasses still more attract hatches, and then lose a large proportion

usually are in a condition to lay i if ive they should be killed by stabbing A of brooder the chicks that in can a be few kept days at the afterward. and Suckers : :

fed and housed as they ought to be. in the roof of the mouth, and then I degree of temperature, while providing properI Of the Following Varieties

But, of course, if neglected and per the feathers plucked while the animal ,plenty of room for exercise and feeding,

mitted to suffer by cold, and to go heat is still in the body. Scalding in is an absolute necessity-Western Plow- FOR SALE: f

hungry part of the time, it will take jures the color of the skin and makesa man. .. e .

all their energies to keep them alive more dull look to the body. Then, The Horticultural Gleaner endorses ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN .

without laying any. after being dressed, they are Mr. Strin fel1ow's method of short root QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEYt

One of the most necessary provisions "plumped" by dipping ten seconds i in pruning, its benefits being exemplified i ina QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE PER-
in order to induce laying i in water, nearly or quite boiling hot, and recent drouth. RED 0'
cold weather, is to roost the fowls then immediately thrown in cold wa A Correspondent of Farm and Ranch, AND

warmly, or at least comfortably. The ter. Hang them then in a cool place contrary cultivation to Mr.String is absolutely fellow's sodplantingsays essential to Apply to .

perches should be so arranged as to until the animal heat is entirely out of f the life of a young orchard. 0. 0. MATTHAMS,

break all drafts of air, and to confine the bodies. Pullets'that do not begin laying in the Florida Pineapple Company,

the natural warmth that arises from Fall will do little business until the opening
Orto. .
the fowls on the roost. If the hen Shed Roosts for Turkeys. of Spring."If .'
house is large, the perches should be you put too much manure on the HADDOCK & MATTHAMS, r,
Turkeys will always seek a high land, it will poison it." "If chop "
put in a subdivision of the house,witha roost, and they resort to the tree limbs the mince-meat too fine, it will spoil thepies West Palm Beach, FlaI1NFORM&T1ONIRIfl :-,,.
covering over the roosting place 'instinctively to escape danger from ," our mothers used to tell us: the -

only a few feet above the heads of the enemies that may reach them on the danger point, however, in either case has
hens when at One end not been reached.
roost. and : !
both sides should be likewise ground. limbs of trees,however,, What would the farmer and his boys I Worth it's Weight In _
pro are not suitable roosting places, as the do without the pumpkin pie? Storeaway For TOOT name and addresa ona poctaTcanl,wewWteUronhowtomaketheboetwlrefeneQ I
tected. This insures
comfort and turkeys are thus exposed to cold and a good supply of pumpkins in the on earth,horse-hlgh,bull-$ and
warmth, and comfort generates eggs. driving storms garret or outhouse, where they will not pig-tight,as the actual wholeeateeosio f wire. ,
For egg formation goes on chiefly at becoming frozen, frequently to the limbs. feet An be liable to freeze. The cellar is usually ,.__itselmanBros.-h --, ,'._ _witrr BoB.RidgevllletjVEftMAM.-'-_. ""-''-_..-'.'._ --- _-Ind.-, -- -h ': .,,
night while the hen is asleep, and the too damn.
shed with
open roost as high as can The farmer who
than he
buys more .
hen that sleeps comfortable the one be located will | MOTH.:: -
serve as a protection, sells has small show of becoming suddenly -
that will lay early the next morning. and may be made either of boards or rich.The Poultry Culdefor 1897.Some. .
And P. P. Mast Nursery Co. thing entirely new jalmost 100 pages;contains ;:','
in order are doing
again, to keep up by arranging cornstalks on stakes and lithograph plate of Fowl in natural a
the conditions after in their share in the development of the colon;plans for poultry hotuea remedies :.... .
pleasant coming poles some manner so as to accomplish South through extensive nurseries of the and recipes for all d1.eu8lbow; to make 'f.
I Poultry and Gardening payooly 14 cents.Jota i
from the roost the first feed should the
purpose. peach and other fruits. See adv. BwcherJr.Box si Frteporti 111*.- ;'



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...- *' ', . ,. ... be flat indeed rendered Where Do Our Presidents Come From? i
:. very ; ,
IIC. ;
," : : Our Home.
.. ...4.t.t-. e .S'.. ; Rural, almost invisible, if they are moistened It is the poor boy who has the best }. (i

,. h ..., -. '" ...,.....- J""_ "'- a little on, the wrong side. A small chance for the Presidency, of the United
of the material should be States. Our first remembrance of presidential i ,t
la e;:"ploy an aver- Another new idea is for those who piece damp] candidates was Wm. Henry Harrison : t,

i( Jj1Q ..., i.. tgl11..! t, he paint either in oil or water color. 1 1is It ened and pressed first, however,. to ascertain -a farmer boy. The second, Martin j
if water'will the coloi
change Van Buren, who peddled cabbages at ;
n ndj1: nri tt per an embossing,paste which comes i in I
'- must on. came Zachary
of the tubes like and is to be appliedin \ !
, cent outlay ioFinain .!jthe paints,
'- seam, as that produces a polish on the Taylor, who was never in politics until fi
*tables of the hotels comes out of raised designs, which are afterward side. It be nominated for the Presidency. Next i
must simply pressedon
Florida, soil and waters. A larger: colored to suit the decorator. Some right remain until the Franklin Pierce, an obscure lawyer: of i., '

.lI. item of interest to our producers thai pretty Christmas calendars shown tome and allowed to New Hampshire, followed by James t

credit the,system 'with.-Ocala were decorated with sprays. of moisture has all evaporated.It Buchanan, also a lawyer. Then Abraham \
many will do iron velvet Lincoln rail and flat boatman ,
not to or plush a splitter
Banner. mistletoe. The leaf painted
part was in the ordinary sense of the word. The who was succeeded by U.-S.Grant, :
The wind-Break problem has en- dull green with oil paint, which often in these born on an obscure farm in Ohio. Next s
only to seams materials -
gaged the attention gardeners here works better than water color on the way press R.,B. Hayes, who commenced his career ,
the flatiron its
is stand
during the recent high"winds. Some< heavy water-color board, and the berrywas to on as an office boy, followed by James A.
end, and, holding the seam by the Garfield, a farmer boy who eked out
made of the
shrubs by a tiny drop paste
the wild
leave a hedge of, ;along
ends, draw the wrong side of it across scanty earnings on the canal tow path.
the edges of their fields which is soon squeezed from the tube, and afterwards
the point of the iron, stretching the We first saw President Benjamin Harri
covered with a mass of morning glory tinted a natural shade. A fanciful much Wrinkle son attend Sunday school barefoot from
seam as as possible.
or moon vine. John Brown uses a scroll, embossed and gilded, surrounded the old farm in southwestern Ohio.
and stitch marks be removed from
fence of seven-foot laths woven to- the small 'calendar, which was may Grover Cleveland, if we recollect right,
velvet or plush by holding the goods, and the last whom
This'al ows glued to place. Another design of was a preacher's son,
gether with wire. enough the have to honor has
drawn tight, with the wrong side exposed people delighted ,
wind to filter through to form a perfect holly leaves, with raised berries and to steam. After the crushed fought the battle of life from the start,

wind-break. This fence is rolled up scroll, was attractive, and in fact so pile has risen again the side of entering the army as a private in boy
and stored during the summer were all of the dozen, each of whichwas wrong hood. The farm makes our best men

months.-Hypoluxo away item in Tropical of different design. This paste* the material may be drawn ,across the< and from the farm come. the best chancesof
face of iron.-Our
a warm Grange promotion.
Sun. can be adapted to many uses, as upon

Florida farmers picture frames, candlesticks, small Homes. . .
Some are
The farm is the to raise
the inventive thought of place a good
trays; or as
menting with a new legume for forage. Palms in the House. family. They are free from the vices of
the worker Our
It is called the "velvet bean." The ; suggests.- Grange< The florist will tell you that the life the city, and have something to do that
Homes. tends to elevate and fit them for the duties
about the -
beans are planted same as
of the house the robust
palm even
*- -
of life. With the help of machinery
corn. The growth is rampant, mak- Raised Cakes. Lantania, is about seven years, but which we now have, it is easy for one man

ing in Florida soil some eight or nine subscriber rule for old- there are many women who proudly to run a farm himself.It .
A wants a
of feed. It is
tons to the acre green
ashioned raised cake. Some cooks; display splendid growths they have is generally a mistake for the farm-
hardy, taking a very heavy frost to kill make this kind of cake, but little owned ten and a dozen years. "Alla er's boy to leave the farm,and in quite as
it. The green forage and bean, pod palm needs," says one of these women many instances it is also 'a mistake for
richer than buns others
and all, are, greedily eaten by stock. put' "is intelligent care. To begin the old man to leave and move to towns)
enough: butter, sugar and fruit to make It[ mistake for the think
The pods are thick and leathery, and with a boy to he
should be
contain from three to five beans each. it as good as fruit cake, with the same< they never suddenly knows as much as his father. The latter
chilled. Many palm owners open the not be the of the
long keeping qualities. Mrs. Lincolnin may more intelligent
The pods are covered by a close,thick her cook book gives directions for window directly on the plants every two; but he at least has the benefit of a i

down like velvet, from whence it derived day all winter and wonder long before great deal of experience that the boy has
the richer She
making variety. ;:
its common name. It is a climber not acquired.
have and
spring why they
At night mix one pint of milk, scalded ..
when it gets a chance.-Ocala Banner. if
rusted not outright. They
and cooled one teaspoonful of salt,,
The effort and the failure ; with The Florida Citizen warns newcomers -
great great need an even warm
half five six of
a cup of yeast, or cups against being carried away with reports -
of all orange growers is to producean flour, or enough to make a soft dough.In plenty of sunlight and clear water : of fabulous cash crops that have

orange that has the peculiar flavor the morning prepare one cup of given regularly. They should stand I brought fabulous prices,and suggests thatit

of the Florida orange. A man came butter creamed add two ol( near a sunny window, but not where will be a good idea to have something
from Phcenix, Arizona, and bought the ; cups draughts will strike them. Twice a to> fall back upon in the shape of a family
outfit of Manatee: brown sugar, one tablespoonful of garden, as it will be a great satisfactionto
whole a nursery man mixed and week fill the jar from the earth to the
spices-cinnamon, nutmeg eat their
on own
and took it to Arizona. He wrote me allspice-and four yolks and brim with water, and this inch of wa- land. grown

later that all the trees produced Ari eggs, ter is sufficient moisture for the roots.
Add this
whites beaten
separately. First it the
suggests turnip, quoting
zona oranges. European growers have mixture to the beaten dough, and beat Once a week, with equal regularity, the; old saying that "England could better -

imported Florida phosphate and put it well. Add two cups of stoned and spray the leaves. Unless attacked by give up her navy than her turnip

on their groves without,any result. It is chopped raisins or one of raisins, some insect, palms thus looked after crop.: In addition to the turnip and rutabaga -

as a man told me in New York: "Print cup are sure to do well. If worms comea it next recommends kale and cab-
of and half of
location and State one cup currants a cup base, lettuce, radishes, spinach, and
your your on your sliced citron. Flour the fruit. Let florist's aid must be sought. miona.

orange wraps, so that I can guaranteethe it rise in the bowl till light; stir it i m i Trees and vines should be planted at
fruit have from Florida A Scrap Rug
to come down[ and pour i into two deep cake once on account of slow growth. Peaches,
and the Florida flavor, which cannot tins making them two-thirds full Let A soft bedside rug may be made of grapes and pears and a few Japan per-

be excelled or counterfeited, will al colored woollen dress goods sewed in simmons. The catalogues will give varieties -
it stand in fifteen
t place or
a warm
i and methods of
ways command for them a better price hit-or-miss fashion on to bed ticking planting.
twenty minutes then bake one houror .
than other in the market. stout Such used
any orange or any goods. a rug
> longer in a moderate oven. The cost of this
principal apples
Manatee River Journal. a in such a place will not get very dusty will be the transportation even though year: itbe

The cedar men are all active this and will be both useful and ornamental reasonable. This must be so' when

year at an earlier date than usual owing Cloth and Velvet. which is more than can be said of choice hand-picked Northern Spy apples

to the dry condition of the swamps. Cloth, velvet and plush are alike in most home-made rugs. Cut out a retailed hundreds of miles and

Millions: of feet of red pencil cedar their demands. They all have an'up piece of the ticking of sufficient size 40 cents a bushel._

have been taken from the swamps and and down" that should be as sedulous.ly to make a rug. Cut all the pieces of --...--

hammocks of Hernando in the past regarded as that of figured goods. woollen dressgoods into the uniform Catarrh Cannot be Cured

thirty years and fortunes piled up from All the basting should be done from size of two inches square. Fold each with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they

the proceeds of the timber, but while the top downward, with a fine needle square; into a double boxpleat. Creaseit cannot reach the seat of the disease. Catarrh -

the supply has been somewhat dimin- and cotton, and the end of the thread in the middle, and, as fast as you is a blood or constitutional disease,
and in order to it must take internal
cure you *
ished, with judicious handling there should have no knot. In removing prepare them, sew these little pleatson remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure is

will be enough cedar to furnish pen. the basting each stitch should be'cut : the ticking on the blue stripes as taken internally, and acts directly on the

cils for unnumbered ages to come. It separately and pulled outward, not closely as they can be put. Begin blood and mucous surface. Hall's Catarrh -

grows with surprising rapidity and all lengthwise. In basting velvet and sewing on little boxpleats of cloth in Cure is not a quack medicine. It

that is needed is to protect the young plush, silk takes the place of cotton the; middle of the rug. Turn the rows was clans prescribed in .this by one of for the best and physi-
country years, is a
trees as they come up and see that thread.If on one side one way and on the others regular prescription. It is composed of

they are not cut before they have attained it becomes necessary to rip any the; other. The raw edges of the the best tonics known, combined with

a sufficient growth. Fortunatelymost part of the seams, a very sharp penknife pleated squares of cloth form the sur- the best blood purifiers acting directly on

of the cedar land is in the hands should be used. Beginning at face of the rug. A very good effect the mucous surfaces. The perfect combination -

of individuals who understand their the top, the two sides should be drawn may be obtained by making the center such of the wonderful two ingredients results iswhatproduces in -

business and the interests of the com apart and each stitch cut very carefully -. of the rug hit-and-miss pattern and the Catarrh. Send for testimonials, free.F. curing.

munity large.-Brooksville News- to avoid scarring the goods. border black, with red, yellow, or J. CHENEY & CO.,Props.,Toledo,0.

Register. The'seams of all woolen goods may. blue stripes or a mixture of all. Sold by druggists, prico 75c.


.. .. ..-

I : ....

1896. '. THE.. FLO A FAIL! AND sr FBUIT-GfcOWEB.! > '' . fI; .

-. ..
','1 .

per, and he can make use of all the ORANGE'San 6E R RY
advantages of the, Association work. Cramps, Croup .

Association shipping stencils and shipping Co1tq Colds Congi Enormous Bearer aj perfectly :Hardy i ughuu = .
books will be furnished ache, _
upon If. .
''Jiuti o
&I ''
Wd _-
: ; : '
this office. I would -
application to "
DIARRIKEA, DYSENTERY It ripens its fruit 'even In'Flori ii}July!ncf tfile 'hem"" fit the ,
that if communities of shippers and all BOWEl, COMPJUZMTS. ; "..
suggest $r & .. -
North are gone. They area perfect fteeston: CT f j iAaa {. coo : P
will get together and appoint a A Sure Safe.troubles Quick Cure if for these. > purposes, such as pies, tarts, jellies j ,J jam,'swesBlieklespreservesr: i a rats.- e _
time for a meeting to further discuss 3 they are superior to any northern cherry 'Tie/aralo solid*!bars ito them
this matter and get fuller informationas Boston, where they remained over a week before gobil !r, and \Nr. ,.. 9. .' r .
to same, and they will advise me I ini\\er.' ) '\\ fully equal to the best cherries sold in that noted aarkrrt. 'V*' ... '.

will gladly attend such meeting and "It is a puzzle to everybody-half pluri and half cherry. You.'' hate* a 'rcalltreasure."-Fanner-.1i ..,_ ,)!t
(PUB Ulna.) Fruit Grower. '
give all the information desired. Used Internally and Externally.. $ "Your Cherry-Plum is a valnable acquisition to our lists of fru ts.-f2.rAa' Agriculturist, .

Now, just a word, but a very. impor-. Two Sizes, 25c.and Me.bottles. JjxPRESIDENT'S "The Halifax sauce has Joutnal.a richer color. and flavor than the cherry,and free froKfihe' acidity\ of the plum.-. ,. '' ,,
tant to : ;< ,.
one as shipments .
,) .] "J."J." J." My trees are mostly budded on seedlings from the parent tree. Fine two-y r-oldbuds,well
IT WIPL .NOT PAY TO SHIP POOR branched. 4 to 6 feet, 40 cents; $4 per dozen-2 to 4 feet 30 cents; f j per dozen. .. /1
"TRUCK. ManavilleFlorida. 9 J M.-1 ORANGE. -
Those who pay the prices for win MESSAGE. '

ter vegetables want the best or none. Seeds to Burn .fl

Handle your vegetables well. Don't Department of Agriculture-Cuba. .".
beans out of the field. They
ship right "The Department of Agriculture is to FOR A PERIOD' :
should go over a day after picking, intimately related to the welfare of our i OF SECTEE1C TEARS Landreths' Seeds'

r.. and'before shipping spread them out people, and prosperity of our Nation THE PURCHASERS OF

r I in a dry place, unless the weather is that it should constantly receive the
# care and encouragement the have been protected by our Dated Papers and our BURNING SYSTEM',which gives your
I very dry and favorable, and the beans gorem- Local Merchant the Privilege of Burning his Stock Left Over at the end of the,season, thus
From small it
were picked after the dew was off them. ment. beginnings assuring to his customers Fresh Seeds Every Year. D. Landreth &Sons are not Seed Merchants -
j grown to be the centre of agricultural ; depending upon others for their supplies,but are Seed Farmers and Grow their Own
The crates should be shaken down and intelligence and the source of aid and Stocks from the Most Perfect Types and under the experienced eye and direction of memo
; .: J filled full. Tomatoes should be sorted encouragement to American rural efforts. bers of the Firm. This work has been going on since 1784,and the business is now conductedby
itself is Guarantee that the Seeds are as
the Third and Fourth Generations. This in a "
i :/? into, but two grades-Nos. i and 2. Large sums of money are annually appropriated good as seeds can be made. Ask your local Merchant for LANDRETHS'. Observe the Date tr .-
i .r They'should be wrapped and packedin for the maintenance of this i on each Packet,and if he does not keep Landreths' on sale, send us a Postal for our CATALOGUE .
Department, and it must be confessed. which contains Truthful Descriptions and Sound Practical Information and we will
six-basket carrier crates. 'Egg plant that the legislation relating to it has not fill your order direct from Headquarters. Mention this paper.

should be carefully selected, and no always been directly in the interest of Address, DAVID LANDRETH & SONS, Seed Farmers, Philadelphia, Penna.

off-color or imperfect fruit shipped. practical farming or properly guarded s

They should be wrapped in good, against waste and extravagamce. So far, of
to the government Spain, some
however, as public money has been ap- 60 YEARS'
and packed in crates. that if
strong paper propriated fairly and sensibly to the months ago, a satisfactory measureof EXPERIENCE.TRADEMARKS.
would makea rule tendered the Cuban
half home
The pineapple crate were
help of those who till the soil, no expenditure -
very neat package for egg plant. has been more profitably made insurgents, and would be accepted by

There are many of our shippers who and more generally approved by the the them: United upon a States guaranty would of endeavor its execution to finda ,

know these points well and attend to people."Under. way not objectionable to Spain of
them but there are also others the present manaO'ementofthe such "
many furnishing guaranty.
Department its usefulness has been en-
who will need to take note of them hanced in every direction, and at the Just how the United States could ,

carefully. same time strict economy has been en- guarantee a satisfactory measure of DESIGNS,
EXPRESS SERYICE. forced to the utmost extent permitted by home rule in Cuba in "a way not objectionable COPYRICHT8 Ac.

It must not be supposed that I am congressional action. From the reportof to Spain," passes our comprehension quickly Anyone ascertain sending free a sketch,whether end description an InTention mar is
the Secretary it that, through probably patentable. Communications strictly
the service. On and we give it as a
denouncing express up confidential. Oldest agency for securing patent
careful and financial
hare a Washington office.
the contrary, we will use the express he has annually saved a ]large sum conundrum. Patents aken through Munn & Co. receite
( service when advisable but it shouldbe during ISI special notice in theSCIENTIFIC
from his appropriations, aggregating "
remembered that with this organ- : his incumbency and up to the closeof New Farming in the South. AMERICAN,

work make I the present fiscal year, nearly: one- Not as did their fathers can the Southern beautifully) inustrated,. largest circulation of
ized enabling us to car
up any weetl,.terma WOO ayearj
muscle will clentiftCiourual.
fifth of the entire amount appropriated.Those farmers prosper. Mere f 1.50 copies and HAND
lots when we wish to do so, we can get results have been accomplishedby no longer do the work. Neither will improved BOOK ON PATENTS sent free. Address

quick transportation, with a great sav- a conscientious study of the real needsof implements of husbandry undi- MUNN & CO.,
ing in cost, and our packages un the farmer, and such a regard for rected by brain work. It is a good busi- 361 Broadway, New York.4U .

touched in transit, after being loaded economy as the genuine farmer ought to ness of any kind that now pays a divi-

by us here or on the line of road southof appreciate, supplemented by a rigid ad- dend of six per cent per annum, Then
herence to civil service methods in a how can the farmer pay five times that e 3
this. The same car that we load Department which should be conductedin interest on even a portion of the year'sbusiness

will l go through to destination, if goingall the interest of agriculture instead of ? The adaptation of soil and fer- SMOKE YOUR MEAT WITH

rail,or to the steamer's side if goingby partisan politics . . tilizers to crops requires his intelligent KRQUID! EXTRAf1'"USMQKE
attention. The Southern Cultivator >
We all study
steamer's routing. can see FREE SEEDS. CIRCU LAR.E.KP.AII l3ERk8Rag1tfoLf'?

the benefits of this, besides its givingus "In my opinion the gratuitous distri- "In order most to forcibly relieve says agriculture: from

the ability to divert a car in transitto bution of seeds by the Department as at the depressing evils that environ it, the The Rawls-Williams Company
be discon- ,
conducted ought to
market when arises present I
a better a case highest possible results must be obtained
read the statementof
making it advisable to do so. Under tinued.the one can this and from every foot of soil cultivated. Instead 'VHor..ES.A.r..tE
Secretary on subject
this system we are watching all the doubt the extravagance and questionableresults of living in a state of warfare with I
the forces of nature the and
the elements and Produce COIDIDi ion
of We this The
markets by the use telegrams. of practice. professed farmer must make all these forces subser-! ,
have the best agents that can be had friends of the farmer, and certainly the vient to his will, and must be at peace '

for selling our products, and we control farmers themselves, are naturally expected with them. Retaliation is not a factor in

the selecting of good cars and the devoted to to be the willing promotion to rid of a Department farming in- the upbuilding of the farmer. It is a life COUNTRY PRODUCE Specialty.AND POULTRY

1' best routing. Whether i if be by car terests of a feature which tends so muchto of service and reward; the service must of 43-Domestic and Foreign Fruits in season. is

lot and fast freight or express, we see its discredit. be intelligent and prompt. Perfection star. Hay, Grain, Flourand Canned Goods.
and details must be the polar
'The Weather Bureau attachedto plans STATE AGENT EXCELSIOR MALT.
to'the careful handling and loading of now Farming is a business that demands more
the Department of Agriculture, has Honest Returns Guaranteed same day of sale.
and can reach mar- business ability than other, becauseit
packages any
our '
continued to extend its sphere of useful- Consignments solicited. Give us a trial
ket that offers us satisfactory net re is more varied. It requires thought,
ness, and by an uninterrupted improve- We will be pleased to send yon our Quotationson
be farmer
intelligence and knowledge to a -
r sults. Furthermore, all overcharges ment in the accuracy of its forecasts has it is application.
and truth. as
in deed
freight and "shortages" are collected greatly increased its efficiency as an aid Offices and Salesroom soo and SOt West Bay St.
if not more so, for the sons
and to all whose occupationsare necessary Warehouses, F.C. &P.Yards,Jacksonville, Fla.
and returned to the shipper. protection
for I and daughters of farmers to have a thor-
We will be prepared to handle shipments related to weather conditions. Omit- ough education, both literary and business -
ting further reference to the operationsof Would have been mean for the farmerto
in this as other class of citizenship.The
of fruit and vegetables any
the I commend the Sec-
Department, better trained the man is the have ascertained before eating the
r entire section, from Courtenay on the retary's report and the suggestions it better qualified he will young be to conduct a lunch what it would cost, and to declineit
(I north to the extreme south end of the contains to "the careful consideration of farm of his own in business manner when he discovered that it was double

shipping section. the congress. and on business principles. The application the price charged in common but good
Any grower in this section will be AS TO CUBA. of sound business principles to farm restaurants, and saved the value of three

t application, with the The President's statements and life will, we feel assured, materially helpto and one-half bushels of oats,buying therewith -
supplied, upon solve the of agricultural suc- if he did not take it home with him,
Association's shipping stencil and ship reasonings on the subject of Cuba are cess. Knowing problem his land and crops and, two good brooms or some other convenience -

ping book. Very truly yours, very thoroughgoing and sound, with above all, himself more ,thoroughly, the to his wife, together with a sharpened -
E. P. PORCHER, the exception of a single paragraph: farmer will be fully equipped for the at- appetite for the smoking supper
Gen'l} Ag't. "It was intimated by this government tainment of success." she would have in readiness for him.I .

\ ;

0. .

: :
.. -
.- on oiumns that he.b ught every- lished at:Gatania and probably will be local agents in the various markets 1..

&? r tGraw r, tKinhe could from the, nearby soon at :Messina and Palermo. But full information is given by the ,- '

rowers especially milk, guava jelly;, whether the inspectors have authority agent as to what each lot consistsof general
ek1T Newspape pulireet ed at t6. MainSUBSCRIPTION to condemn parcels and forbid
.. eggs'vegetables, efc."H any and the shipper's name and address -
Jacksonville Fla them being aboard the steamer is
< = ** put is also
_. jJ eit given, and his stencil
;" i Lf &Ka amended **te shows that in not stated, and an inspection without number. The local
4. : K1tV8 (j : Daytona and its suburbs there were constructed this power would not amount to turns with agents re-
.... -- .." !I and much. remittances direct to the
11 buildings improvementslast
Par. Ones teoc: .....,..I:"' ''''' shipper, and at the same time makea
'ior..1tn. .... .....,. :''t.....", .... LOG summer to the value of $165- report to the general agent.
,_ 01. tntrlea .4s..0.... 3.00V 842. In Union is Strength.We .
ri :,SrSubscriptiona in all cases cash in 4. could not publish any matter
i \ Advance. No discount odd on one's In nearly every town and city in more important to the fruit and vegetable Shippers have only to put the Association -

\ %-6 wn subscription(excepfe a club), but to Florida fruits and vegetables cost : growers of Florida than the following stencil on their packages when

if .... *ftH agents a liberal cash commission will about as much as they do in the great letter from }Ir. E. P. Poicher, forwarding, and then detach and handto
.. ; be allowed on subscriptions obtained northern cities thousand miles dis the conductor or of steamer
f a general agent of the I. R and L. W. purser ,
them. Write for
by terms.
,j' To every new subsojiJber we will seid, tant. This moves the wonder of Pineapple Growers' Association, addressed the duplicate" ticket out of their 1

V : postpaid, a copy of V itner's "Garden- northern tourists and winter residents. to the vegetable growers of shipping book. A card of receipt will

\ *. ing in Jlorioa." For two new sub- This will continue to be the case until the East Coast. The facts containedin be sent to the shipper for each lot, by

Bcribers,. at $2.00each, we will send, these towns grow large enough to run it are of incalculable value. We find the general agent, and this card will

postpaid.", a copy of Moore's "OrangeCulture. bank-f ull of trade.Twentyfive the letter in the Cocoa and RockledgeNews also give the destination and name of
to whom the lot is
agent sent. Carsof
the writer :
r ..Rates of advertising on application. years ago the
found the state of in Los In ventilator class will be
\ same things response to a number of inquiriesFrom
-'Remittances should be made check
by where
placed desired
by shippers for
postal note money order or registeredlette Angeles; oranges were rotting on the growers as to the handling of them ,
): to order of ground just outside of the city, but in their shipments under L plan of organi to bunch shipments and load car,
r side could not be for less zation similar that and at the same time special arrange- ,
XAEMEE AND iTBUIT, GROWER one bought to of our Pineapple !
ments will be made receive and
J.. Jacksonville Fla. than five cents, and extremely few Growers' Association, I would be to
\ bargains were made which involvedless pleased to have you publish this letter, load cars in transit, so that no ship

"" '.. \ CONTENTS. than ten cents. Now fruit and which will give an idea of the work. I per need feel that his shipments will
.. not be looked after and all rough hand-
vegetables there are surprisingly cheap, Instead of
t forming a separate organi
TLulSPO"T TIO.-A Cogent Appeal-Facts j generally less than five cents a pound zation at this late date, it was thought ling avoided. The system of loading '
and for the best ventilator cars in this will
Figures the Railroads; Transportation way
a and Persimmons............. ...... 787 ...- advisable to accept the invitation of enable us to get quick transportation,
the directors of this
GKOVK AND\OJlCH.uUA Florida Orange Association, and and at much less cost than by
About this time of the lookout make 'of this office for the express
Grower in Jamaica;The Mexican Orange year use forward forwarding. In addition to this our
Worm; Silver Palm Key and the Silver I for fraudulent commission housesin ing of vegetables this coming season. ,
Palm..t,.....t............./......... j88 i Ii the cities of the lower South. It Another season the "truckers" could own men will see to the careful loading -
Prevention of Frost Effects 01 the Freeze of our cars, and there will be no
; ;
Letter frwn Polk County.......... ..... yPutany1fall j is handy to transact a curbstone business start in early enough, and form a sepa rough handling of our packages-so
FrniUng:. Good Crop of Pines. 789 for a few months, as a means of rate association for themselves, if they ruinous to tomatoes especially. Even

TOBACCOIints:: on Culture in'PloridaCP paying bills for the winter. Swindled thought it preferable to do so. where going East via Ocean Steamship
Teachings of"Xdversity .................... 790POULTKY shippers are generally very patient WORK -
DONE IN SHIPPING PINES. or Clyde Line we will make
-Notes; Winter Care of Hens A and do not begin to hot until up
Broiler Standard'; Shed Roosts for Turkeys get We have at present a full corps of f lots, and these cars will roll right
about the time when
......,......... the weather i in reliable
; Incubation off P arms 791 agents, most of whom are good through to Savannah, to connect with
the North is
yOux.RURAL HOME-Watefc i Color Painting ; pleasant enough to per men for handling vegetables,as well as steamer there, or be transferred under
Raised Cakes; Cloth and Velvet'; Palmsin mit these transient scamps to flit to
fruit but :
where the necessity arises, special care to the Clyde boat at Jacky -
the House; A Scrap kug; Where Do pastures new. When Florida furnishes
Our Presidents Come From?......... .._. 792 the climate, it is rather hard on new agents can be appointed as ma sonville.
President's Message; New Farming in her to be called also be desired by the shipper, provided When sending through in a solid
the South............ .....\-,............. 793, for several on months to pay the ex only that we do not make the mistakeof car right to destination, we will have
'' penses of these
EDITORIAL--Likes the High Prices
Paper; having more agents at a given point the advantage of
rheumatic quick handling, as
for Vegetables at Home; 'Fraudulent or consumptives rogues. ,
than would be advisable. We
Farms; Inspection of Fruit; In Union is We have time and again offered the services now the car will not be unloaded at any

Strength ....................... >......... 794 of this to give the standingof have agents in all the markets in whichwe point between, and being to one con-
MAIKETS. Oranges and Prices.....,....,.. 795, : concerns which paper send out quotations will need them, and with constant: singee, we will have the advantage of
ENTOMOLOGY-Some Essential Facts, about communication by wire and letter we carload rates all
InscctJ,&o............ ............:....... 796 quite above the market, when our are advised as to the best market i the East. A on shipments contain save ton
Time for the Southern Farmers: Redemption patrons are tempted to abandon their car may packages -

..... ................................. 800 old established houses. which to place our products, and can for more than one agent, but.will
-.r.* keep out of those markets that are i in be consigned to one, who will deliverto
Weather in Jacksonville. danger of being overcrowded. Some others as may be ordered. These

Week Ending Dec ,7 1896 Some system of inspection of perishable idea of the work can be had when I cars will be followed up by telegrams

produce, like fruits and vege- state that between the 21st of May and and kept moving without delay, and

fl. fl M'a u aoo III:I' -'C..: tables, before they are started on a the 3d day of August, in the pineapple in the event of severe cold, the ventilators -
DaTa It a III m U oa w is of the I received four hundred
oo S 3 Ot: S long journey, utmost importance season, and I on the outside can be closed

Dec I ..-...... - to Florida shippers. The mostintelligent twenty-three telegrams, and despite the to prevent freezing. Such cars, under
Dee a .... .... 51 38 43 58 50 41 37 ai 9 46 48 .61-57 of these have long realizedthis fact that the markets generally for fruit this system of handling are preferable
Dec. 3 35 44 44 34 10 39 .00 fact but how in disastrous condition
to bring about that were a
very we to
Dec.4 .... .... 41 50 55 38 17 46 .00 refrigerator cars, or even to express
Dec. 5 ........ 60 inspection is the question. This is succeeded in marketing our pines
Dec. 6 ........ 40 51 39 21 50 oo I a bya shipment, when considering the dif- ,
Dec. 7 ........ 47 53 58 60 69 73 50 45 33 24 61 57 .00.00 free country, the railroads are public proper distribution ot them, so as to ference in cost, and they will be the _

Mean ......... -45 -49 -58 -41 -18 -to -* 1.18 carriers, and one man has as good a cause no gluts of fruit of our making, means of saving many dollars to the
Total rainfall. right to ship bruised oranges or straw and to net good returns for the total 1 shippers.THE .

A. J. MITCHELL, Observer. berries with "hair" on as anotherman handled by the Association.
has to ship strictly gilt edge products The handling of the vegetables will GENERAL AGENT'S OFFICE

Likes the Paper. provided he pays the charges. be done in a very similar way, inasmuch will be here, and will in noway cause

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: But has he ? All civilized codes re as the markets will be quotedby a loss of time in handling this bus

DEAR SIR-:My subscription expired i cognize the right of a community to wire, by our agents, and we can ness. A manifest will be made out

last June, but I am so interested in the abate a nuisance, and a rotten box o f make up cars and place them where for each car as it is loaded, and this

contents of the paper that I never thinkto fruit in a carload is certainly a nuisance i- needed. car will be routed, some time beforeit

look at the address. If not too lateI to the rest of it and to all the A SHIPPER CAN SELECT reaches Cocoa, or here, immedi-

now forward the $2.00.W. other shippers. But suppose the frui one of the Association agents in each ately upon its arrival,and it will travel

H. SANDS. is not yet rotten when it is loaded into market (where we have more than one forward attached to the same train

Auburndale, Fla. the car; has any community the rigbtto agent), and instruct me to let that that brings it up.

condemn a parcel because it is i agent have the selling of his products The commission charged by the ,

The great East Coast system of morally certain to become a nuisance when sending them to that market; Association Agents will be 10 per ,
hotels are setting an example in offering before it reaches its destination? If of which
It is understood that some of the Association cent, out they make a rebate
to purchase fruits and vegetablesfrom not, why not? Under the monarchical agents shall have the sell commission to the Association, which

the surrounding country. Two government of Italy they ing of all forwardings through the covers all expenses of this office.,,.

years ago, in reply to a query, the manage these things better. Inspection general agent's hands. Thus no expense is put upon the ship n-; -

manager of the Royal Poinciana stated | of-fruits has already been estab- In forwarding shipments to the Continued on Page \.



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