Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00104
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 5, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00104
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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Powers, Editor JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA DECEMBER 5, 1896. Whole No. 1452 vo1 vI1I i Ko 4Q

8. ... .- - -_...-. -'-- .--- -_. .. -. .'-- -.. -- .

: i I TllP The Largest Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA.Plums .

: HIGHEST a Know the Best Varieties and the (over 30 varieties Wickson, Red June, Hale, White Kelsey, 18 new
kinds). Peaches(need Triumph,Suber,over 70 varieties), Pears, Kaki Nuts,
DUALITY BEST T EES:TO! :) PhA1 K Grapes,Oranges, Lemons Pomelos, Kumquats,Hoses etc.

IIOWEST lcES. We shipped more peaches from our own orchards thisJ'tJtIG'UT Over,300 Varieties of Fruits and .Ornamentals. .
J season than all other Growers in this section combined -
and made big MONEY at it. '
Satsuma on TrifoliataHardyOrange' on Hardy Stock.

A handsome,65-page Catalogue for ISOd-W'with over 50 engravings Gives
iii : I' Ie HUD IRK FRUIT GROWERS' ., adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions
cultural in-
ience in orchard and market with varieties new'and old.with lull

for the South. formation. This


;. Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus: Fruits, Grapes,
Investigation into the of Florida Orchards.
Nuts, Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc. 15 Y { Experience and Experimenting Requirements in Growing Florida Fruits. '
and half trees. Over 300 acres.
350: Varieties. A MILLION a Extensive propagation of Trees for Florida Planting.
No BETTER stock to sel from. None 90 LdBGE.
New Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations, 28 New Photographic Views, Free on
application. GLEN ST. MARY NURSERY CO.
THE GRIPPING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny. G.L.TABER, President
; A.H.MANVILLE, Secretary.

i Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla.


W. W. HAWKINS & SONS handle no Commission Seed but receive direct from such well-known Seed
Growers as Ely, Landreth, Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc.
.' Are offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 1M6-W. Pkg. Oz. X lb. lb.
.All of our Nursery Stock Is six years old with ono and two year buds. All Budded low Caullflower-Henderson'sSnowball................ .. ........ ..... 25. f&KV, f8.0000
and from Bearing trees. ()nlon-Bermuda Red......,................................. ....... I 5) 20 40 1.00
I GUARANTEED'TRUE TO NAME. * Onion-Bermuda White..... ............................... .. I 5) 20 W. IM
J * VARIETIES. Tomato-Livingstons. Any variety ,.. .............. .........; 5 20 50 1.75
k Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low. Onion Sets,-Red or Yellow.................per bushel.,. ... f 3 50 ... .... ....
Send. postal for Descriptive. catalogue toW. .. White............ ......... .... 4,00 .... .... .... ....
: Georgetown Write for price list. BURTON K. BARRS

: d The miltUat1kee.-flottida Ot1ange Co. ORANGE! TREESI


Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experience
;, -;. of thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and Includes the following widely ,
>' known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma Mandarin, Parson Brown,
Boone's Early and Centennial; Jaffa, Majorca Ruby Blood,Stack's or Enterprise Seedless f-f-f-f BUDDING W.OOD. + -f + +

#t' ,Pineapple, Homosassa,and Tangerine. Tardiff and King,Duncan and Marsh Seed-
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superiorto Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years}) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.

the round). Budwood all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to correspondents Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants,"Fine Budded Roses, Etc.
Address all communications and make all remittances payable to
The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices.

,Milwaukee Florida Orange Co., UMl\JI'r: NURt9I1RIJ3S.D. .

DUNEDIN, FLA. Hon tloo11o,Fla.

From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and COMERS BROTHER &' 00.
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. Largestand
Fruits and Produce
Trifoliata stocks one,two and three years old. All stock clean and healthy. Send fop interesting I Most
catalogue. I' lUoelr and.e ,fa ef load touqttAnUUaa. d4-.D. ii
OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NURSERIES, .all Prodaot*6f ta-Orcluuxl.O rde% -
sAd rum.BcD4lwour
r J. H. G1RARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla. llWe boot."Socteottau to 8hfpper Xttktl rT- .. -S Complete
Batortf Special Kefcreaee; ,BUBdU.,.,.U frM.'
.. i Inquiries and Correipondno0lhvitad Establishment-


". 4 __ .1a ySonth
Our stock of this popular variety will be ready for delivery by October ist. Beware of spurious .
." Italian and California stock sold by northern houses at$i to $2.50 per pound. xL Send for CATALOGUE Annual De-,

e' Mriptlve newly I issued tad revised. Geo. S. Hacker & Son
OUR SEED ARE GENUINE. a It contains everything i ,
e needed by the Hortkultorlxt Manufacturers of
Both Varieties,White and Red. ,Packet s cents; H *.*5 cents; i oz; 25 cents; H Ib.85 cents; 1 1 PLANTS and'andTJLSES plant-lover.for' BUILDING MATERIAL
I lb. $3.00 post paid. C ,
4 Orchard,Window, Lawn
; k ti CHARLESTON. S. C,
I 5 ( or Greenhouse. Largest
': .. colle&on 10-'sekd!rom', Purchase our makes,which we guarantee
;;i; .G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSHEN, S in the South. superior money. to. any sold South and thereby save

*..a. Catalogue free application. '-
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BODY, Direct from Factory at Wholesale Prices. 80 per cent, saved. -
TO LETH i Guaranteed two years. Write at once for new beautifully Illustrated 200/
MIND -/page Catalogue showing latest styles in large variety,from a$10 cart to\
.. .- f the moat stylish carriage. Prices in plain figures. Testimonials from ..
A"Ynle 14'every state. Highest awards at Worlds Fair and Atlanta Exposition.A II"
MORALS. TEAS PATENT, Write to-day. Catalogs* '".. AtLURCB CAKSXAQE CO., >tl Hit Ootrt Itr.Yi/CUtlBMtl,Oklo.

.".' .. .
Notice is hereby given that on the tenth day
The of December,A. D. 1896,the undersigned will NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING.We
apply to Governor Henry L. Mitchell for let .
ters patent on the following proposed Charter
Florida for THE EAST MEXICO IMPROVEMENT COM have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour

PANY.L. and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock haying
R. BENJAMIN, Jacksonville, Fla.J. been, banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.

Agricultural C. GREELEY, Following varieties guaranteed true to name:
Articles of Incorporation. TANGERINE. HOMOSASSSA, SATSUMA,
supported by: grants from the -National and GRAPE FRUIT.A .

from Government.Florida. All Open tuition to free males to and all students females. cents few each.hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3 to 4 feet. Price,SO and 75

Women board with families in town. Men KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that
board at College Mess Hall for 110.00 per we,the undersigned citizens of the State of BUDWOOD.Can .
month. A most healthy location. College Florida hereby associate ourselves togetherand
Burgeon attends all students free of charge. form a body politic and corporate under furnish Budwood of aU the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices. will be reduced
Military discipline under a graduate of West and by virtue of the laws of the State of in October on some, varieties. For full particulars,address
Point. Four courses of instruction -Agricultural Florida now in force governing general corporations HASTINGS & WYLIE,
Mechanical, Latin Scientific, and ,and publish and declare the follow-
Women's. Superior equipment in labora- ing objects and powers of said company, to- Interlachen, Fla.
tories. Gives degrees of B.y. and A.B. Bus- wit: -
iness Course giving free instruction in Pen First. The name of said corporation shall
manshi Keeping,Business Law, Short be "The East Mexico Improvement Com
Hand, Writing and Telegraphy. Fall The general home
pany. or office of the
Term opens Monday, Oct.5th.1896. For cata- company shall oe located in the city of Jacksonville 5,000 BUDDED TREES
logues giving full Information address
Duval Florida,U. 8. A., at
0. CLUTE, President, which office the general affairs of the com-

Lake City Fla. shall pany shall have be power conducted.through The its Board said company of Di All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon

other rectors offices hereinafter In such provided places in for the to United open i roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.

States, ,Mexico or other countries as it may Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropicaland

company's deem necessary business.for the transaction of the said semi tropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.

Second. The object and business of the Catalogue on application.
company shall be to acquire by purchase or
otherwise real estate in said county or State JOHN B. BEACH Indian
.... ILL and other States of the United States as well River Nurseries,
as in Mexico and such other countries as may I
be deemed best by the Board of Directors of I (Established 1886.)
the company,and to improve and develop the
How About That Line Fence same otherwise, as well dispose as to of it.sell, mortgage, lease or WEST PALM BEACH, FLA.

Would It not be well to pet: together and adjust ; To buy, sell and exchange all classes of
the matter and then put up a permanent Page stocks, bonds, notes and mortgages.To .
{('nce. If John Bull and Venzuela had done that
yean ago it would have saved Uncle Sam lot of borrowand loan moneyon such security,
trouble. "SchomberK"" bad put 19 bar Pace terms and conditions as the company shall JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD.
on his line,there would bare been) no trespassing.,, deem best President. Vice President.
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian.Mlch. Third The amount of capital stock shall! H. T. BAYA.Cashier. THOS. W. CONRAD
- be Three Million ($apOO.OOO( )( )) dollars, divided Assistant> Cashier.
into Three Hundred Thousand ((300,000)( ))) sharesof CAPITAL $100,000.
Ten((810,00)) each, to be paid up as by-laws

lorida may Fourth.direct.The term of existence shall .be THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK .

) 1d Patent.perpetual from date of issuing Letters ,

Fifth. The amount of indebtedness of said JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
corporation shall at no time exceed ,
fifty ((50))
Oranges per cent of the par value of the stock issued. Respeetfally solicits year Deposita,Col1eetioba and General
Sixth. A Board of directors composed of Business.
not less than three nor more than eleven Bonking
Resorts stockholders shall manage anq control its af -
fairs and have general supervision of its busIness
interests. ,Said board shall be elected Depositors offered every facility: which their bale -
nvestments annually at the time and in the manner p
L vided by tho by laws of said corporation; ances, business and responsibility warrant.
election of said board shall take place on

;Developments second and until Wednesday which time in the December.said board A.shall D. 1897 be, i SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT PROM 86,00

composed of the undersigned incorporators, PER YEAR UP.DIRECTORSI
:. who shall continue in office until their successors .
.Attractions are duly elected and qualified.
9 Seventh. The officers of said corporation
v'" AddrtSf. shall be a President, Vice President- Secretary John L. Marvin Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin,
G. D. ACKERLY, J" and Treasurer(one perso may hold two H. T. Baya. W. M. Davidson Judge R. B.Archibald
or more offices),who shall be elected annuaJly Dr. H. Robinson. '
..CUCMAL F-ASSlfcCCR AGENT. by:the Board of Directors. The Board above i
, selected to serve until the first annual meet- -
TROPICAL TRUNK; LINE, ing shall choose said officers to serve until the

irtwm r., epA. first are annual elected election and qualified.and until their successors We object to the Tropical Sun's Supt. C. B. Knott, of the Florida

Eighth. Said corporation shall adopt by assumption that the pineapple area East Coast Hotel System, requests that

liGHTNINGWE.4L MACH laws Florida consistent and with with these the articles laws cf of the incorporation State of- is small and, in truth, very limited." truck and poultry men along the East

PVMP$, tR tF_ T $. ,. iGA for the managemen of its affairs;those Folk"and DeSoto Counties together Coast communicate with him duringthe

50.t. t NE EN GttfE'NOR.K5.1 S of first all adopted the shares shall of be stock adopted then by issued a majority;they have a strip of country some sixty season, stating what they have for
0IJ'" I.... 'C ...Ie"c.0 .- D L t"S,T ex,o may be amended or repealed in the manner miles long and five miles wide or about sale and quoting prices, as he has established
provided by said bylaws.In .
witness whereof we have hereunto af 200,000 acres suited to open air culture a purchasing department for

fixed our hands and seals this seventh day of of pineapple and other semitropical vegetables, poultry, eggs, etc. Titus-
November A. D.
ville Advocate.
fruits such as banana fig
L. R. BENJAMIN [Seal.]
J, C. GKEELEY ( ] mango.-Pabor Lake Pineapple. *
mmifor W. H. HARWICH, [Seal) Sir. E. Ashley Smith, now the

STATE or FLORIDA, owner of the Florida Niagara Vine
them- County of Duval. J yard property, is about to go into the

Set them, plant 1 On this day personally:appeared before me, $100 worth for 10c. cultivation of tobacco. He will at
rJlfi Hf | L. R. Benjamin, W. H. Harwick, and J. C. Bead
U inutnted book tclUofh*
Hl lWtliein. the
They are Greeley.to me well known as the persons who S lto cart ft razz LIIIUKT U TOW locality once plant about ten acres and lateron
standard seeds everywhere signed the foregoing articles of incorporationand wtUIoII eat Ie 1M_ben. Get quick I ItCITIZKNB I
ten and still
r or more perhaps at
; sown by the same acknowledged for the that they executed the __., X...UlnHA_... l<.. ..*.K.X.>f if successful. Orlando
in the world. ] purposes expressed- a larger acreage -
whereupon it Is prayed that the same may be
w be'her yon plant 50 square feet recorded. Star. .
of ground or 50 acres, you should]
have Perry'Seed Annual for'96. In'witness whereof I have hereunto set my I
The most valuable book for far- hand and seal, this Seventh day of Novem- BRASS BAND
mere and gardeners ever given ber,A. D.1896, Our Fair Exhiblfs
Mailed free. ALUCX GRKELEY. InrtromenU.Drnmp Uniforms Equip
With fire car loads of wild animals, we hart
-- Notary Public ments for Hindi and Drum Corpt. Low.
D. M. FERRY & Co., Htprlceaeverquoted. Fine C't lo,400 siren free snows at the leading State and District
Detroit,Mlch: 1SEAL} State of Florida. Illustrations mat l.d/rt,; ft ri if M Band Fairs. We thus furnish Instruction amusement. .
at Large. Music&Instruct'of(or AmeteurBanda. and proof that the Pare Is the best. Several
-v-. applications are In for next year's exhibit
.. ....1....S&.M4 ff.tob. Anne,CUop.OU PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrift!),Kf ill. .


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AR. rLUlllJLIA w. YEAR.Grove ,'.

now count one. The rapid growth of groves, after the first plowing, a circle could come to Florida in the way of
$ Orchard. this new fruit producing wood will tax hoed around the trees will answer cold. But to my surprise and disappointment
our ingenuity to the utmost to keep it every purpose. they were killed to the
. INDIAN RIVER GROVES. from being crushed by its own weight, Regarding the number of buds thatis ground. In looking around I was
as these sprouts have, in many instances best to let grow, there is a great diversity also surprised to see some others not
but a thin shell of live woodto of opinion, and it will take covered that were alive. I found they
How They Were Restored.Mr. give them strength as against the years to decide positively what is really were shaded by fencing on the east
H. S. Williams, of Rockledge, wood fibre from the heart of the tree, 1 best. and south sides. I commenced to
gives in the Indian River Advocate, as is the case with the tree in its nor- In all my younger trees, where the study the situation and I reasoned
a very interesting and full accountof mal condition. These sprouts, grow. stump will probably heal over, I have that they all froze through and through
the disaster to his groves and his ing at an angle of some forty-five degrees adopted the rule to let only one grow, alike, but those wrapped up could not .
method of restoring them. After describing -I when weighted down with fruit, as we much prefer to have a single : react in time, being excluded from the
the freezes and their results, : will have to artificially supported trunk only. In the case of old trees air and moistue while those that
he writes: I with the greatest care, else the weight killed to the ground,I cannot but think were simply shaded by the fence
On Saturday we wrapped the trunksof and high winds will break them off, that it will be a temporary makeshiftat were open to air and moistureand
some .twenty of our largest trees and if exposed to a West Indian cy- the best, to get a few oranges while reacted naturally as an oakor
'with burlap, taking care to fully protect clone it will be almost impossible to the newly set tree is growing,so that it other hardy tree would do under
", the bark frcm the sun. On Monday save them. The buds put in during really makes but small difference whether similar conditions. Since 1886 I
I took my hired i man and cut the summer of 1895, and those put in two or half a dozen are grown. have acted on this theory and
several trees in diGereut parts of the last spring, have grown; prodigiously, Never have we had such an oppor- have been shading the tops from the
?grove down to the first branches, and and will soon commence fruiting. tunity to change our varieties, and I sun, using large bushes placed a little
' at the same time expressed the be- 1 have thus endeavored to give the have taken advantage of it to the fullest distance from the tree; and to save the
lief it would be wise to serve all the present condition of my groves as at- extent by rebudding all my Navels, bud from freezing out by severe cold,
; same way. Then I waited with sucha curately as possible. The rich, dark save two or three, and have discardedmost I have followed banking up as high as
show of patience as I could command appearance of the trees,as seen glisten- of my Maltese and the imported practicable.To .
'. to see what nature was going ing in the bright sunshine, gives us varieties generally. I have reduced my head off the woodlice I have
to do towards recuperation. It was, hope for the future, and, then again, Tangerines one-half, but added largelyto always spread a little coal tar on dead .
J however, a terrible ordeal. The crucial we get somewhat disheartened, especially my grape fruit. We are growing oranges wood and often on the young green
' test of the soldier's courage is when we count the time that for the money that is in them, buds or 'sprouts. I have never seen
the suspense just before entering a must yet elapse, under the most favorable and the fewer varieties one has-so any injury to the tree from the tar,
battle, but, fortunately, it is not for conditions, before we can fully recover -i those-few are the best-the more thereis I and my trees have invariably come
long. In this case the suspense was our lost revenues.. in it. By the best, I mean best in I through-all: right when banked in time,
:.a question of months. In June following quality and bearing capacity. I have I before any freeze. But last year, notwithstanding
we could not tell the real THE REMEDY. budded nearly altogether with our best the timely warning in the
, damage .done; in fact, after the lapseof Profiting by the experience of the home varieties, with a number of F. & F. G. I was caught napping, the
two full seasons, I am still uncer- past, I would change but little in the Boones and Parson Browns for early, early December freeze got in its work
tain.As work done to bring out my orange and Hart's Tardiff and Valencias for before I got them banked. I banked
a rule, all my trees were bud- grove to the best advantage, and in late varieties. them immediately after, but as with
ded low, and on sour stocks. In the least possible time. If all the Nearly every grower has one or many others, the bark decayed and
April they began to show signs of trunks of the trees had been well more trees in his grove that bear a slimed off, not as a result of bankingbut
; life,' varying from two to fifteen inches wrapped the morning after the second superior quality of fruit over his other of freezing before being banked.
from.the ground. All the branches, freeze, or better yet, the day before, trees, and from which he should take With me wood lice or ants have .
J with but lew exceptions, were killed if the Signal Service would give us the his buds. By growing a superiorfruit rarely done any harm, and never, I
, back to the main trunk. Some trees notice in time,' it would, no doubt, one not only benefits himself, think, on a healthy tree. They got
. on the south side were killed to the prove of invaluable benefit. but his neighbors as well, by getting a into a few that emitted gum or were
ground, while on the north they. Then I should advise the following reputation in the distant markets for affected with foot rot.I .
threw out vigorous sprouts up some two treatment : Cut off the lower branches that peculiar locality. To nonresidents am banking my sprouts now, andI
or three feet Take my old grove east and cut top immediately above. I would impress the fact that hope to be in time for the predicted '
of the ridge that runs through Rock- The trees treated in this way as before Indian River oranges have a special cold waves. By thoroughly shading the
ledge hammock parallel with the river, noted, are alive all around the trunk, quotation in our best markets, and as tops on the east, south, and southwest, _.
and about 90 per cent threw out vig. and the branches and sprouts thrownout a rule they bring one dollar per box I expect to save the entire tree. And
orous sprouts above the bud. Mostof seem to be more firmly united more than other Florida brands. How any mar} who thinks all this bankingand
our younger trees west of ridge we with the trunk than any others. necessary it is, then, to keep our fruit shading is too much trouble and
sawed off even with the ground as Cut all trees, less than six years set, up to the standard by every endeavorto expense had better give up his job, .
soon after the February freeze as pos close to the ground, and draw the dirt improve its superiority.In and engage in some lucrative business,
sible. Some of the sprouts, high up away from the collar, so as to expose conclusion, I will state that I in which neither trouble nor expenseis
.on the trunk, where the wood did not the surface roots;slightly to the sun. have never had greater faith in orange involved.I .
have vigor enough to sustain life-a As soon as practicable,plow the grove, culture, especially this far down on am letting my sweet seedling
mere shell under the bark-have died breaking as many} roots as may come Indian River, than I now have. Nota sprouts remain unbudded, and am let
the past summer, but not as many as in contact with the plow, and have a grove has been abandoned, and in a ting all grow that will, often forty or
J was led to expect. The crop of the man (follow with keen grub-hoe, and few years Rockledge will be shippingher fifty from one old root, and together
season of 1894-95 was ten oranges. cut oft all such roots smoothly.If usual quota of fruit. We can see they form a circular mass from two to
The present crop,' 1895-96, may be one has a small grove, I would no reason .why it should not sell for four feet in diameter. After this year
thirty boxes. Owing to the excess of advise digging a trench fully ten such prices as we received ten years the weaker ones will be choked out -.
roots over the top, hence the excess inches deep, grading the distance ago, when to own an orange grove in and the fittest will survive and grow
of sap and food taken up by the from trunk according to size of tree, full bearing was to have a bonanza. into trees.
roots, the fruit is somewhat coarse, and cutting off all roots. Some trees T. B. HICKENLOOPER.. .
while some trees have the red-rust, treated in this way, a year after the Protecting Orange Trees from Cold. Francis, Fla., Nov. 30.Protection -
causing the fruit to split and drop. freeze, show, a marked improvementin Editor Fanner and Frult-Grower: H.-. ," '. !-'
This disease, however, will rapidly the way of growth the second sum Having had some experience in various from Frost. }, j.
disappear as the roots and tops be- mer just passed. As soon as the methods of protecting orange
come more evenly balanced. As sprouts; from the ground get large trees, from excessive cold, I will add The Riverside(Cal.) Press articles and Horticulturist >_-
some trees were flowing more sap than enough, insert your buds, and get my.testimony to what has already been publishes two is here-On
which the first
others, when the last freeze struck them started as soon as possible. If written on that subject, and will men- this subject, of
'them, so some were hurt much worse you wait until the next spring the tion some experiences. Prior to the with subjoined: ;'.s.
;than others, even though standing side buds will make too rank a growth.If freeze of'86 I carefully wrapped some "Acting upon the instructions pub-
'by side in the grove. The present the ground is in fairly good con. young thrifty budded trees m broom lished in your bulletin of February 8,
condition of the trees, however, is, dition, I would apply no fertilizers fora sedge and tied it on from top to bot and from suggestions offered in person,
in the! main, very satisfactory,and the couple of years or more. In a young tom; everything was completely we prepared to smudge our orchard after
fruit-beating wood should, another grove, where the trees were cut to the wrapped up close, so that not a leaf the hard freeze of March i. Never ":shaving -.
"season, give us a fair crop-say ground, I would! cultivate and keep the was visible, and I thought to myself suffered seriously from frost-)
.twenty. .or., more boxes, where we ground as clean as possible. In older I i that they would stand anything that damage in this vicinity before, weYE.a d


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.i not feel the necessity of thorough work each space would place on edge a In January, 1894, I received from quite so highly colored as Bidwell's

/. in that direction till we had lost part bale of straw, covering it' most up your nursery seventy-five.peach trees Early. It is,perhaps,a little more acid
of our crop. Our peaches and prunes with dirt, then soak with water, irrigate in the following varieties : Waldo, and a firmer peach than the others,but,
.. were not materially injured by the if' the rain is not sufficient. This' AngelBidwell's Early, Bidwell's Late, after all, there is no material differencein
March freeze and we set about to save would take about thirty bales to ten I Yum Yum and Peen-to. They arrived the varieties named.
them from frost by every means we acres. Should light every, third one I in splendid condition. I disposed "My peach trees are all set in groves,
could apply for smudging. Believing when the danger was imminent, leav- ten of the trees, leaving me sixtyfivetrees in the center of squares of orange trees
good results could beobtained: by mov- ing the others for next call. If nec- which I planted, fifteen feet twenty-five feet apart.: Set in this way

ing _smudges, we constructed cheap essary, a second line could be run apart, in a row,,around my garden the peach trees will not interfere with
sleds that could be hauled by two across about the middle of the ranch. fence. During May, June and the the orange trees for five or ,six years.I .
horses somewhat on the plan suggestedby This straw could be had baled and first of July, 1895, my family had all I intended to dig out the oldest peach

Kir. Fleming of Tulare county. We delivered for $5.00 per ton, pr say, the peaches they could consume, be- 'trees last year, but the freeze took the
. found that the closer we could keep twenty-five cents bale, as they would sides the family living on my place, orange trees out of the way for the time
the smudge to the ground the more effective weigh about one hundred pounds each. eight persons in alLVe had peaches,< being. It also cut the peach trees backto

it was, also the more moisturethe Should they not be needed, could peaches and cream, and peach pies, the large limbs or body, but they
jfmudge contained the better the ae spread on the ground as fertilizer. all we wanted, and I gave several made nice tops last year and bore .avery

suits. These sleds were made at an The idea of straw or coarse manure basketfuls, to my .neighbors; they had good crop this year, averaging
expense of not over $1.50 each. has been used successfully in Kansasto none, because they said peach trees 3 to 354 carriers of merchantable fruitto

"On the morning.of April 14, after protect deciduous fruit buds, and i would not succeed here. the tree. Taking one season with
receiving warning from you to lookout in Dakota to protect young wheatin I "That same year I sold $38 worth another, the entire crop through, $i
for a killing frost the following the spring of the year." off those trees. This year, on May per carrier is all we can count on (net),

night, we constructed four of these It must be apparent to our readers 19, my first peach ripened. Since and that only by the closest personal

sleds, also rigged up two wagons for that a system applicable to a region then until now we.have had peaches, attention to every detail of the whole

steaming wet manure; we also used where' the cold wave travels at the peaches and cream, peach pies and business. If any one expects that he

grain sacks filled with wet manure, rate of a mile per hour, would not preserved peaches, have given away can sit on his veranda and hire some
placed across the orchard fifty feet I be valuable in Florida, except on the several basketful, there are several one to look after his business, he had
apart; following through the orchard ,I heel of the wave, in a "still freeze," bushels on the trees now, and I have better let it alone. "

with another line five hundred feet as our cold waves in _,their onset sold $154.40 worth from these trees. "I will finish shipping Bidwell's
,travel thirty miles hour. The has been for the trees Early Suber and Yum-Yum
from this, and so on through the or twenty or an expense Maggie
chard. These we found could be ...... freight on them, putting them out, tomorrow. I am j just starting upon
lighted rapidly in the following man- Peaches in Peninsular.Florida.A. fertilizer and work; for everything Bidwell's Late anoj{ Angel."-Times-

ner; a man with a pail of kerosene, H. Manville, secretary of the $36.20. My profit and cost has beenas Union, Nov. 22. ,t

couUJ run along the line, applying Florida State Horticultural Societyand follows, to-wit: .
about a pint of kerosene to of the Glen St. Mary Nursery "In 1895,received for peaches,$ 38.00In Fruit Notes from India.

each sack, another following immediately company, in.a communication of the 1896, received for peaches, 15440
The annual of the Directorof
after with a torch could 18th inst., furnishes the TimesUnionwith report
haves line two thousand feet long the following up-to-date informa- Total received . $192 40 the Goverraent Botanical Gar

all burning in a few minutes. These tion on peach-growing in' peninsular Less expenses, including everything dens of India, issued at Allahabad,

stationary smudges lying on the Florida: . . 36.20 gives readers.some items of interest to Florida

ground we considered the most effect Our fruit growers are turning to the
ual gleans of any used. Of course, peach as a quick-money 'crop. The Clear profit . $156.20 ORANGE (CITRUS AURANTIUM.)

the portable smudges are valuable in- results of last summer's shipments were "This represents a cash profit; the A very fine variety :of the Malta

asmuch as they can be kept to the very encouraging, and a -good many pleasure and enjoyment of the fruit by blood orange fruited last season for
windward side of the orchard withlittle' peach orchards will be planted' this myself and family, and the advantagesto the first time. The plant was re-
difficulty. Thoroughness is the winter. "What varieties shall I plant?" health have been immense. These ceived in 1888 from Dr. Bonavia

all-essential feature in this business, is a continually recurring question. trees occupied a space that could not when superintendent ,of the jail ,at
as the' result of our work will show Foremost among varieties of be devoted to anything else. They Etawab, with the remark that ft wasa

even Jit this time. peaches, which pay as a market crop were planted as .an experiment; my layer of a variety of Malta orange
This was new business to us and in the upper peninsula (eastern North neighbors assured me that it was a taken from a tree in.the habit of bearing
we had to learn how to apply our Florida) are Waldo, Angel, and improved waste of time and money. I have fruit out of season. The plant

forces, and it was very much of an Honeys, like Imperial, Oviedo kept an exact account of all expensesand made very slow growth for. many
experiment with us, but we feel more and Colon. In South Florida the lists receipts, and, the foregoing is ab. years, but during the past two seasonsit
than" rewarded: : for our efforts, and varied to Waldo, Angel and improved solutely true, and it is a surplusage to has made better progress and now
very grateful to you for the informa- Peen-tos, like Bidwell's Early, add that I am pleased, but I will say stands as a specimen eight feet high
tionsfc freely given.Ve were sue Bidwell's Late, Maggie,Yarn\ Yum and so,since mortals'are so hard to satisfy. and about the samrfn spread.

eessful in saving a large portion of Suber (the last, new and ;offered for PEACHES IN VOLUSIA COUNTY. The fruit is much smaller than that

our peach crop, where in the same vi- the first time this year). In sectionsof One instance illustrate of:,the common Malta blood orange,
to the
cinity the crop in many orchards was South Florida, Imperial, Oviedo more which has been attained in but deeper in colt; and of much
practically ruined. There is no ques- and some other improved Honeys success finer flavor. Its slow rate of growthand
commercial in
tion in my mind as to the value of have given good results. peach growing shy bearing haBit is certainly nota
Florida For number of
smudging, where thoroughly done. Throughout East and South Florida, : a years Mr. J. recommendation, but when it is
P. Mace of Lake Helen in southern
On the north side of our orchard in locations suited to the peach, this worked on the lime stock it may
Volusia has been
there are forty acres of four year old fruit'pays well. While here and therewe for county, to Northern producing prove as quick growing and prolific as
peach trees, which up to the 14th find successful orchards that have peaches shipment mar- other varieties of Malta orange.A .
kets. His orchard has the
of April promised as fine a crop as been in bearing for some years, a con- and is passed experimental few plants have been raised by
one could wish for. This' orchardwas siderable quantity of peaches being stage, upon an as- budding it upon the common sour
sured baais. On October
not smudged, and there was no annually shipped from Peninsular 17, 1893, lime, and as soon as ready these,will
:Mr. Mace wrote follows
.effort whatever to save the crop, and Florida, in many sections the possibilities us as is that it : be permanently planted for future
I venture there will not be one thou- of peach culture are but just "My experience pays me observation.PEAR.
best to stick to the earliest varieties. I
sand pounds of peaches on the entire discovered.The (PYRUS COMMUNIS )
forty acres, while_ not fifty yards dis results obtained by growers af- usually commence shipping May 15.
I had a fine crop this season, shipped The two varieties of viz.
; tant our trees show a good crop. : ford the best possible guide for pros- pears, ,
ISO crates of strictly 'fancy' that ran the LeConte and Kieffer introduceda
: Knowing all the circumstances, this pective planters, and there is nothingso
from 2 U to 3 inches in diameter, sell- few years ago from Florida again
in my mind is convincing beyond all conclusive as facts derived from ,
ing for nearly seven cents apiece,sixty- bore a small crop of fruit.
question of doubt that our fruit experience. Let me cite two instances:
.;' be saved from frost four to the crate bringing $4.50." Mr. F. W. Seers, who was officiat-
smudging. Under date of June 19, Mr. Mace ing as superintendent of the garden
As an indication of the way the wrote us the following: "The Suber when the fruit was in season, in a
: The second one was as follows : possibilities of peach culture are being :peach is a seedling of the Peento;originated note he left behind him, states that

"It was confidently affirmed last discovered in sections where peach [ by a colored man by the name .owing to the attacks of hornets, pil-
spring the cold wave traveled about growing has been heretofore unknown. of Suber, near here. Of the 1,300 fering and other causes, he was not
-' one mile per hour with the slopeof I quote as follows from a letter from peach trees I now have in orchard, 200 able to secure a single specimen of

: the land. Would use baled straw; 0., T. Stanford, attorney, of Arcadia, are Suber. It is very similar to Bid- either of the varieties ripened natur
:: across the field would plow a deep DeS_oto county (in the far south), bearing well's Early, and for this reason is apt ally upon the tree. The fruit he
furrow near the upper side, and in date of July 9, 1896: to have larger fruit. I do not think it tasted was gathered while hard and



-" .. .
------- --- -- -


green and artificially ripened under Paint as a Protection Against Ants were painted over together with the culture have been brought from Cuba
cover. In.spite of having been ma and Lice. cleaned portion, but the ants tookno to work on the plantation and in the
tured-under :such.:conditions," he saysit The annual report of the Govern- notice of the paint when appliedto curing-barns, and within a few months
ripened after having been kept for. ment Botanical Gardens, at Saharan. the outside of their earthy runs, the Castello plantation will bet the
a period of ten days to perfectionand Dur and Mussoorie, India, has the following -, and therefore made use of the strips scene of great activity.
was of very superior quality.In quotation from the Agricultural -I that were left as passages to commu- What Senor Castello, doing at his
paragraph 73 of the,last- annual Ledger, with comments by the uate with the upper portion of the place five miles south of this city
report I stated that I considered the Director: trunk, where they continued their ,at- Senor Roca intends to do at Casacola,
LeConte pear to be one of' the best "During a brief visit to the Native tacks as before the application of the situated about six miles north of the
introductions in the shape of fruits State of Gondal the writer recently paint. The experiment has therefore city on North River, which he has
secured by the garden in recent::years. gave this subject considerable atten- proved that the paint is an effective just bought from Frank B. Genovar.
The Kieffer variety had not fruited tion. There seemed to be no doubt against the attacks of white ants if The soil of these two places is alrnost
whenrthat report was written, but as that His Highness the Thakore Sahib, applied directly to the bark of attackedtrees identical, and gives promise of bOun-
Mr. Seers considered-the fruit it pro by his enlightened faction in this mat- but that it is of little use if applied tiful crops under the experienced
duced last season to be as good, if ter, had effected a radical improvement. without first entirely removingall manipulation of these experts i in to.
not better, than that. of the LeConte,. The trees throughout his State earthy ant deposit from the trunks bacco culture.Florida Citizen. .;
both pears are without question a were all painted as described, and nota of the trees. 4."
great advance upon the common single tree could be found showingthe The trees .experimented upon were The Manatee Tobacco Company.
country variety and both. cannot be mud encasements so characteristicof twenty-nine full grown specimens Seedbeds for raising plants are now
too strongly recommended for general the presence or white ants. And averaging from 2 4 to 3 j4 feet in di- being prepared ; one in the hammockof
culture on the plains. very'possibly, as a consequence of the ameter. Ingredients for paint to the the Johnson family, and two in
APPLE (PYRUS'MALUS.) care bestowed on these trees, they value Rs. 13-13-0 were purchased, butas Josiah Gates' hammock. Six poundsof
The overseer of the garden reports were healthy and vigorous, while thosein the full quantity was not used, the seed will be sown in Decemberfor
that a few) fruits :were produced last neighboring States were sickly and actual cost ;of painting the twenty- the March and April planting,
year for the first time by a variety of badly attacked with white ants. In nine trees operated on was Rs. 7, or and another six pounds in July for
apple introduced: a few years ago consequence of these observations the at the rate of 3 annas 10 pies per tree the September planting. Althoughtwo
from Japan. He describes the fruitas writer asked for information as to the nearly. I therefore consider the painttoo plantings will be made four cropsare

being of medium size, rich,golden composition of the paint which had expensive for extended use on expected, each planting to make
yellow in color, flesh mealy, juicy, been used. He was informed that the i I large sized trees, but its cost would i two crops, and with' seasons ,favor
and of. a pleasant sub-acid flavor. red color was merely to indicate the not be prohibitive for use on young able more than this can be done.
The variety is remarkable for its fact that the trees had been painted, trees or saplings. In districts whereit Twenty acres of hammock belong-
dwarf bushy' habit. It has been under and that it was for"the most part red is found exceedingly difficult to ing to Col. Viser, J. Gates and Curry
cultivation in the garden for ochre. The useful l ingredients. were establish the commonest and hardiestof Bros., just south of Manatee, ar '.be-
about five 'years, but the largest said to be as follows: roadside trees owing to the presenceof ing prepared for the planting of the
plants are not above four feet high, 1 part dekamali gum (the resin of white ants, the paint would, I feel main or first crop, and the acreage
and as they,are bushy in proportiontOltheir.heigbttthey..have Gardenia gummifera). sure, prove most useful.Tobacco.. will be increased as needed, by the
more of'the 2 2 pam parts asaf bazar tida.aloes. addition, perhaps, of forty or fifty

appearance :of dwarf bushy shrubs 2 parts castor-oil cake. acres.
than ,of 'apple' trees. If the variety "These are well pounded, mixed At present only four hands are
to ''be bearer it employed in preparing seed-beds, but
a 'prolific
proves and kept in water for about a fort
should, owing to the small amount night. When thoroughly united, and In St. Johns County. more will be employed as needed.
The land when and
of'space occupies, prove useful for what may be called decomposed intoa The growing and manufacture of prepared ready
for planting seedbeds will be laid off
planting in gardens of limited area. thickened compound, water is addedin tobacco in this county promises to be-
in beds 6x6 feet and broad-
TREE TOMATO (CYPHOMANDRA order to bring it to the consistencyof come a great industry within a few sown
cast, and when the
transplanted to
BETACEA.) paint and the :coloring matter then i years. The:large factories operatedby
field will be planted in three feet
This continues "!to '''thrive and bear added. The mixture is now readyfor P. F. Carcaba and Bartolo and rows
and the plants will be foot
and if for Frank B. Genovar and the apart one
abundant' of fruit > use, thoroughly applied ,
crops every year, in the To hills
but as1 ,plants and seeds have not about two feet will check not only the scattered through the city, furnish fifty apart pounds of row.Peruvian every 1,000 will be
been in much1 request lately, I fear attacks of white acts, but of red ants employment a large number of men. applied without regard to guano the
and other insect Its effect will Manufacturers of fine Havana fertilityof
this fruit is not so. well known as it pests. cigars the land to make
deserves to be. last for two years or more. The cost find the climate of St. Augustine speci- and mature, early. crops Each grow field rapidly will-
The-plant is; utterly'useless for cul-- of the preparation comes to about ally adapted 'to the manufacture of a have a palmetto shed for the first
ture on ,the"plains;;.but thrives admirably four to five rupees per zoo trees. But fine grade of cigars, and the factoriesnow of curing and
stages permanent cur
in the hills especially when according to the i information furnished in operation are prospering.
ing houses will be erected for the full
.grown in low well sheltered valleys.It from Gondal, al refuse possesses no Recently Senors Castello and Roca, of curing at convenient
is a rapid grower, of easy culture, special properties; from other parts of wealthy and experienced tobacco. not process determined places,
and as the fruit travels in good con- India the reputation is very general planters. from Cuba, have invested in yet Advocate. upon.ManateeCouny
;dition to great distance with. a mini- that it is of great value. The red large tracts of land near this city, and .

mum of care:,in packing, it deserves ochre,added to the above preparation, are making extensive preparations for Mrs. A. J. Phares, of Yalaha, with .
,more attention than it has hitherto may not only be useful as indicatingthe planting a large acreage in the spring. her usual enterprise and progressiveness -
.received. It is in season from September trees that have been painted, but After the confiscation of his planta- ,has embarked in the manufactureof
- to end of November and even give a useful consistency, if it does tion in Cuba, Senor Castello came to Rio coffee and lager beer from pal
.later +Iwhen.frostsholdoffand! asfruit not serve to mechanically hold the this city with his family. He was metto berries. This may sound absurd
is as a rule scarce everywhere dur- other. ingredients. persuaded to visit a tract of land on but it is very nearly true. We
ing'that. period, it would,.1,am sure, Thepaint, was prepared accordingto -Matanzas) River, a few miles southof have tried some of the coffee, and it
\be: in:good demand if ''settlers in the the directions given by the Eco- this city, to give his views as to its "knocks the spots off" of the alleged
hills would, take its culture up; and : nomic Reporter to Government and adaptability for tobacco culture. The imported Rio that retails for twentyto
bring it prominently to the notice of applied to a number of mango, shishamand experienced grower examined the soil thirty cents. We did not try the
tdweUers: the plains. siris trees on the Sirsawa road very carefully, and discovered that it beer, but it is said to be a superior
The garden can only cultivate it .that were badly attacked by white contained nearly all of the necessary tonic, exhilarating and possessing ben. .
on a limited scale, owing to want of ,ants.: Before applying the paint the ingredients to grow a fine grade of eficial medicinal properties.-Lees-
coating of earthy matter deposited Cuban toba co.Vhat propertieswere .
;room, but as a good supply of plants ; burg Commercial. .
,and, seeds is always on hand, it is jn' I upon the trunks of the trees by found lacking, he was convinced .
a position to give growers a fair. the ants was removed, and in all could be supplied by proper fertiliza- Two and a half carloads of pine-
start when-they apply to it for aid. instances where the earthy de.. tion. So pleased was he with the apples were shipped from Cocoa one
>.. posit was. entirely removed'the paint tract that he bought i it complete,.and night last week. One car went
Mr.,W. W.Lyon, a resident of Mait has, so far, had the effect of prevent. has since made arrangements with a through to Chicago and 100 crates to
land, put about 'seventy-five pecan I ing further attacks by the ants upon contractor in this city to build for hima London, England, the others to different -
grafts into hickory stocks about three the trees. In a few cases the men large plantation home, with the points. There is a carload
years ago, and today they are nearlyall employed on the work of painting necessary barns, cottages, and other shipped nearly every night. This is
bearing and the smaller ones will overlooked strips of earthy deposit buildings. Senor Castello has secureda something unusual for this season of
fruit! next year. He put about 100 lying in hollow channels on several of large quantity of first-class seed, the'year, and the returns the growers -
grafts into one hickory'tree, and now the trunks of trees operated upon. I and 'commenced work on his seed are Satisfactory.Cocoa.item
it is full of nuts. The strips of earthy deposit overlooked beds. Men experienced .tobacco in Titusville Star.


1 I
-- '


: .: who get best returns, use,our
.1-- ,.. who get their truck to market first, use
,. Strawberry Special Fertilizer.
"The Ideal Fertilizer."
Price! $25.00 Per Ton. '
For Making Perfect Shipping Berries. Price $27.OO.GUARANTEED .


Ammonia................................................. 2 to 4 cent. .
Phosphoric Acid ..........::....... ... ............... 7 to 9 per" w Moisture ...................... .................. .......... 10 Per to Cent.12
Equals Bone Phosphate or. Lime .... ...............,.18 to 18 Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal,
Sulphate of Potash .."........................ ... 6 to 8" u and Bone................. .Nitrate...... ...of....Soda.......Blood...... 4!# to 5
.... ...... ..... #
Equals Actual Potash. ... ............ 3X to Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone........
Made from Nitrate of Soda, Blood,Cotton Seed Meal,Bone, Acid .. Sulphate 1 of Potash.... ........ ........................11 4tf" to to 13 5tf
Phosphate and Potash Salts, Equivalent to Actual Potash........ ............ ........... 6 to 8
"BEST Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood,
CROP IN TEN YEARS." Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

'f !.Messrs., Fisher & Powers: Lawtey, June.30th, 1836 This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitrogen -

I used Wilson & Toomer's Strawberry Special Fertilizer on my strawberry crop, coming from three different ingredients is
about 1,200lbs0 .to the acre,and from two acres shipped 150 bushels. 1 had the best ber- especially
makingabiggrowti.ries the best plants the best yield often years. My pear trees on the same land are valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak-

Write for (Signed.) SIM HOGAN. ing quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash
our Special Strawberry Circular, "How to Grow only.

Berries For Profit."
Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced.We .

also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also
a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Write Us for Prices before Buying.

Insecticide and :Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton. WILSON: : <& TOOM I Jacksonville,



Fatttnel1&Tttt1ekett ginger. The bulbous roots of some of Sour Soil. from which the muck has been formed

the arums are boiled with a little Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower muck from
.. : ( succulent weeds
ginger to give them the flavor and
- Ginger. then sold as the real article. Col.are I am plowing up some"dry ponds," and mosses would likely contain more

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Codrington stated that of i. e., land which is now dry but form. nitrogen than that from woody and fibrous -

Will you please inform me where I ginger turned into one acre wouldnet erly was covered by near-by ponds. i substances) ; 3. The degree of

can get ginger roots to plant. I want $1,000, and this preserves would be Some people tell me that it is use- decomposition (except, perhaps, for

to plant about an acre. I wrote to no means a high estimate. He did by less to plant it this year, as it is sour purposes of mulching, the more disintegrated

Reasoner Bros., Oneco, Fla.; they sell nothowever advise one who Others tell me it will raise many crops, and decayed a muck the bet-

it at 29 cents a root. I presume they to turn it into every grewit and such as lettuce, beans, tomatoes, rad ter, other things being equal.)"
preserves. July ishes, beets, etc. The land is Under such circumstances it would
have only a small quantity. Can you August, he thought would be thetime now
tell me where I can get information when the roots would be in a condition well drained, and shows no sign of be very hazardous for us to venturean

about planting and gathering ginger? for preserving. It should be sourness) such as moss, etc. The soil opinion as to the probable capacities

C. V. GIBSON, white and tender to be is sand mixed with vegetable matter- of your pond soil. You will haveto
Fla. enough punctured but not what I would call muck. develop them by trial.Ve beg to
Tampa, with the thumb nail The red
Can you give me points in the refer you to an editorial in the issueof
Write to the Director of the South clay lands of West Florida, he thought. any
matter, or your opinion as to likelihood November 14, entitled "Crops for
California Acclimation would suit it
It will
ern Society, admirably. stand "
of its being too sour? I have Muck Lind.
Santa Barbara California to some frost.
or ...e.. had some experience in farming in New ..
:Messrs. Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co.,
The White Cricket Again. Jersey, but none in Florida, and will The Use of Different Peas.
Paris or to Earnest
; Benary
Editor Fanner and hrnit-Growa: be very glad of information from those
Seedsman Erfurt While the farmers of Alabama
In November number who have been successful in
your 14th I raising
culture of ginger is be familiar with the
very many peas
see an inquiry by A. Z. Armour about for the northern markets.
where the climate is suitable. It is a crops that grow in this climate, but few of
the destruction of the white cricket. \V. T. WELLS.
native of the warmer parts of Asia, : them can classify the peas to their best
I tried hot water I find Brevard Co. Fla.
digging, etc. ,
but in India the cultivation of it is I uses. The Georgia experiment station

successfully prosecuted at an elevationof the best, quickest and easiest way i is All raw land in Florida is more or has published a bulletin, which gives
to smooth off the little
mounds of f
four or five thousand feet on the less "sour." This is a convenient some very valuable information in re

Himalayas, in moist situations. It is earth I have they make for., as many of them as word used by farmers to designate an 'gard to the different varieties of the

propagated by means of rhizomes or cans Then put as much unfruitful condition of the soil, but exactly cow pea. Forty-six varieties were
of the stuff
under-ground root-stocks, from which green as they generally what constitutes that "sourness" tested at4he station, with the following -
the reed like carry in at once over the hole, and I can be demonstrated chemical I l results
grow up plants to a only by :
dust it with Paris
and flour
height of three or four .feet, When to green analysis. Your soil is not peat or even First The earliest cow pea, and
one Then
forty. I
the stalks wither the root-stocks are over placean muck; it is bog mud, or marsh mud, hence the variety best adapted to'high

dug and prepared for market by being 'enough empty meat can it down or any can large that is, the farmer would call it mud, latitudes, i i4 the New Era. This matures
pressing iuto
scalded in order a ,if wet enough while the chemist wouidcall I
boiling water, in to I the earth then in a little more than sixty days
cover with wad
kill them, and subsequent drying, or I of sod over a it mud whether wet or dry. Doubtless from time of planting. Other very
or to keep the off
by scraping and washing.Col. i Two grass days is enough. All of this sun can it does not contain as much nitrogen early varieties are Congo, White Giant,
who West as peat or muckbut, it and
Codrington, was a be done close may pro Chocolate and Vacuum.
.Indian and for many years the editorof d be to a plant or anywhereacanco bably would show as large a percentageof Second-The heaviest yielder of

the Florida Agriculturist, severaltimes Do not put put.more dust than. the vegetable acids, humic, crenic, vines is Red Ripper, followed closely
any on
called attention in his paper to for other insect. apocrenic, etc., which are injurious to by Forage or Shinny, Black and Un
the possible profits of ginger. It requires It any vegetation; also the iron salts, particularly known.
saves me much work to rid
soil and a the sulphide, which render such
a good when plantedon Third-The heaviest producers of
patch of them, it is easier than if I dig
such the returns are often enorm them out. soils unfit for cultivation until they peas are Unknown, Calico, Clay and

ous. He stated that he had seen a I have them to increase have been"sweetened,"by weathering, White Brown Hull.
half bushel laid: the rapidly sunning and treatment with chemicals.
on ground and a where not destroyed, doing much Fourth-The yield of peas! as a

mark made around it, then the gingerroots damage notwithstanding their hermit There are many kinds of soil usually rule, though not invariably, parallels

inside the circle were dug and called muck in Florida. The State the yield of vines.

they filled the half bushel measure. age.By placing little clumps of grass v or> exoeriment station, in Bulletin No. 14, Fifth-For hay the erect varieties

The scraping of the roots to make trash in the walks between beds gave the results of an extensive studyof are preferable those of a recumbent

white ginger is the chief expense. cutworms can be found dead in many thmorning. lein the muck deposits of Florida, and habit, since the mower 'cuts them all.

We would find it more profitable to arrived at the conclusion that for judg. The best of the erect varieties are the

': .convert the root in its young state into; T. T. EYRE. ing the value of these soils, "three Unknown, Clay Whippoorwill.

preserves. Fort Myers, Lee Co., Fla. things should be taken into account : Sixth-When a dense mass of vines
The preserved ginger sold here is i. The quantity of organic matter (the is wanted to remain all winter on the

mostly brought from China and brings I All the boats are again running otrue greater the better the muckother thingsbeing ground,Calico, Gourd,Black and Con-

a high price, but little of it is I the Suwanee river. equal); 2. The kind of plants stitution are preferable.7r .


-.- -. .


...". ""- -- ". d __""_ _


Seventh The best table and the Su owls is below them at night. They would it not make a difference of millions

gar Crowder, Mush, Large LadySmall therefore seek elevated roosting placesas of pounds, taking the. country I Successfulgrowers
Lady and Rice. the safest. The domestic fowls do over? It would more than double the

Eighth-The best.stock pea for field the same. They will struggle to get total of pounds for consumption of I
grazing of either cattle or hogs is the on the top roost, and if there area food. Where a million pounds of of fruits berries
Black. It will remain in the groundall hundred hens together, they will poultry are now raised, two million ,
winter without Injury. Everlast- endeavor to crowd until they are pounds would be marketed, and thus I and all kinds of vegetables,

ing, Red and Red Ripper are also pushed of!, falling and struggling un double the income of the farmer. or know that the largest yields and
good. til darkness compels them to become grower hum this product alone. The best quality are produced by
Ninth-For an "all purpose" pea quiet. If one has a large poultry- estimate is based on the {rowing of I the liberal use of fertilizers
the Unknown leads the list. Clay, house, and the roosts are slanting, scrub stock, which is a waste of time
however, closely contests first place. there will be a waste> of space, and and food. containing at least 10% of
Unknown and Wonderful are identical crowding will not be avoided ; but But this scrub stock can bi improved -
-Southern Agriculturist. place the roosts! so that all will be n i and doubled in size by the intro Actual Potash.Without
the same height, and< more room will duction ot a be afforded, the fowls will not crowd, a good male o'r two, depending_on the the liberal use of Pot
; Poultry. and they will be more com'ortable. size of the fbck. Besides, more ejgs I
-- ------------------------------ Sometimes small ash on sandy soils, it is impossible -
--------------- only a ma ter may would be produced, and of betur
Edited by 8. 8.DeLANOY Apopka Fla. be in the way of egg production ; andit quality, and these would add :o the to grow fruits, berries and
..,.. - has that the stinted farmer's
happened profits. Let farmers everywhere vegetables of a quality that will
_ Exchanging Eggs.It roosts have caused the hens to nearly improve their fowls. There command the best prices.All .
suffocate on a warm night, renderingthem good money in it.-Western Plow-
is unusual have
not a neighbor
about Potash-the results of its actual experiment
to with him unable to give a profit.Mongolian man. on the best farms in the Unite States is
request you exchange eggs ....
t-.-. -- told in a little book which we publish and will gladly
and such neighbor may have been the toil free to any farmer in America who will write fur it.
Pheasants. Breed for Good Results.
first to condemn enterprise in GERMAN KALI WORKS,
purchasing new blood and pure breeds.As Major Thomas W. Woodward, of Much is written in regard to select- 03 Nassau St..New York.
South Carolina has intro ing the best layers the hens
a rule every farmer who steps out- Fairfield among ,
side of the beaten path, or ventures duced the Mongolian or Chinese but there is more damage or benefit to FAIRVIEW PINERY.
into something better, is at once pheasant into South Carolina. In the flock by the use of a single male
he obtained cock and tham from a dozen hens. After the
classed as a crank: or a book-farmer, 1893 a two
but sooner or later his neighbors will hens from Oregon. In 1894 the hens hatching season has passed, and the .Choice
show a willingness to obtain his stockif laid 162 eggs. From these he raised chicks are well under way, they pre-
they can "exchange" with him. He thirty fine birds. He turned fifteenof sent a very unfavorable appearance on Pineapple
must o to the expense of bringing the these out into the woods and theyare farms, being of all colors, shapes and
stock into the community, and if he reported to be breeding and doing characteristics. This is not due to
fails he is set down as lacking in intel- well. the keeping of a large number of hens Plants0
ligence, but when he succeeds he receives In 1895 he lost all hens from together, but to the use of cross bred
no credit There is no reason cholera by feeding shells laid by males, or to having two or three malesof FOR SALE.-
why one should exchange eggs of pure chicken hens with disease, and se-! different kinds with the flock. The -
breeds for those from scrub fowls, any cured only one setting of eggs from majority of farmers who place eggs Smooth Cayenne 4 !II! Home Grown !II!

more than a Jersey calf should be ex- which he succeeded in raising eight under hens for hatching do not know --+--
changed for one from a nondescriptcow. pheasants. This year he distributed what kind of chicks will result, but :.
When eggs are sold for hatch. ISO eggs in several counties and set must wait until hatching is over, only ABBAKA PLANTS SPECIALTY.
ing, they represent something more free forty-two, which were daily seen to find that no two chicks are alike in .
than their value for the table. in the pea fields. The cocks weigh any respect. It is useless to attemptto F. N. PRICE, .
Those who buy them do- not want three pounds and the hens two improve a flock unless the hatch.
eggs, but stock, the eggs represent the pounds, and are not more difficult to ing of the chicks becomes a matter of P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.
embryo young of the desired breed. raise than young turkeys.-Southern care. Every egg placed under a hen
farmer who breeds Cultivator. should be known to have come from
Any procures pure
, should be encouraged by his neighbors selected hens that are mated witha HOME GROWN
as he benefits the whole com- Scrub Fowls. pure-bred male of desired characteristic -
and in hatching out a lot of
munity. The farmers of America lose mil- Pineapple Slips
.. chicks there should be an object in
liona of dollars in the
aggregate by view. It will not pay to hatch a large
Food for Fattening Chicks.It ,
scrub fowls. This is
keeping a propo- number of chicks, and then dependon and Suckers
is difficult to fatten a young sition that cannot be controverted.And .
selection of the best
chick, because the food goes to growthof many of them lose money by there is no possible way of pullets knowingwhat as Of the Following Varieties

body and warmth, rather than-fat. keeping no fowls at all for market pur- the poultry will be when ma
Chicks cannot be forced before they poses or fowls for revenue. There is ROR SALE:
tured. The only way to have good
; are about eight weeks old. Experts a great difference between a mongreland is breed for them and
layers to to ABBAKA, PORTO Rico EGYPTIAN
who fatten them select the ,
always a scrub fowl. The mongrel
may neglect to do so occasion the loss
_ healthy and vigorous ones. They are be a l large, composite fowl of pure of a large number may of in a if QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY
fed four times a day_on the following blood, that is, may be made by cross the flock is above the usual eggs number.-year QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-
mixture : Corn-meal, two pounds; of pure bloods, or a cross of pure Farm and Fireside. NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH.

sifted ground oats, two pounds; bran, bloods on common stock. In either Apply to .
one pound; middlings, one-half case it is removed from a scrub, whichis C. L. Farnsworth, of Mount Dora,
pound; linseed-meal, four ounces; a measly little common fowl, with was in the city Wednesday. Mr. G. 0. MATTHAMS,
ground bone, four ounces, and com- out a trace of good: blood in its com- Farnsworth has just finished settingup Florida Pineapple. Company,
o mon salt, one tablespoonful. Scald position. Such fowls, even at maturity an extensive plant at Mount Dora Orto. .
the mixture with boiling water and add do not dress more than from one for the manufacture, of guava jelly and :HADDOCK & MATTHAMS,
one pound of crude tallow, stirring to two pounds, and it is a good speci-- orange marmalade. He has a travel
; well, making the mixture stiff (not men that will dress the latter weight.A ing man now on the road, and he is West Palm Beach, Fla

wet), and feed in clean troughs, giving few days ago year-old hen was sending in a large number of, orders.
'1- as much as the chicks will eat, dressed at the editor's home which -Eu.tis Lake Region. lNFOOMITI00 I fl O!
removing the portions left over.- weighed five and a half pounds when 1. Worth'It'a Weight in |yi|
Farm and Fireside. the And it For roar name and address on 11 postal card,
for The list of
ready pot. was a mon Daytona Journal prints a will tell yon bow to make the best wire fence I Ion
grel hen too a cross of Brown earth,horse-hlah.bull-strona ana
Leg- 123 new buildings or improvementsmade p .-tlgh ..*the ctuU wholesale cost! ol wire.I
Level Roosts the Best horn cock on Plymouth Rock hens. in that town and its suburbs this _Kitselman__.__ __,_ __._Bros..d Box_ __B_.Ridgevllle'" __ __ __ _.Ind.4HeT_ ,._>
When the roosts are level the fowls The hen was fat, but we could have summer, the total cost of which was -- -- --- --'- --- ---- -

will have plenty of room; but if the put a pound and a half more of fat on, $147,743. This is a pretty good ex-
roosts are slanting from the wall the making the bird weigh seven pounds. hibit for a town of 1,500 inhabitants.
hens will seekvthe, highest ones, as instinct Now, suppose every grower( poul -...----
. prompts them to get as far from try-all breeders of fowls-was to put Jose Fernandez & Co.'s cigar facto Ip SMOKE YOUR MEAT WITH,
J danger as possible. In the wild state two or more additional pounds of meat ry at Tampa employs 112 cigar mak KAAUSERS UaUID FxTRAcTxE
the greatest number of enemies of on the body of each fowl he raises, ers. ..ai&t 1I.I.KIW1SEl.BP-G.Waa.'tFA.; t

-- --- "- - ---- - ,,
---- -----




... .Ii - and then propelled herself about witha

:Mr. John B. Stetson the Philadel SOME WELL-DRESSED WOMEN series of jerks, so to speak. Oh, firs. John Tooley Relates a Remarkable

phia-millionaire;will\ iexperimentauh why had not some one told that dear Story.

one acre of pineapples under(cover,!;at And Some That Were Dowdy. soul to stand so as to bring her From the Democrat, Charlevolx,Mich.

De Land. :*: 'Tis true, 'tis pity, and pity 'tis, 'tis weight on the balls of her feet, to The Democrat has had its attention
hold her chest and thus throw called to a remarkable cure, due to the use
true that believe
E. P. Porcher, returned, Key most women seem to
of Dr.Williams'Pink Pills,and the follow-
: her abdomen in and her back out
Largo yesterday. He: lda.nfeeting- that dressing a la mode consists in ing statement,made to a reporter of this
of the truckers and pineapple growers' having a dress of this year's goods into a curve at the wafst line, to carry paper, will be read with interest by all

of the Florida keys;andmade:arrangements made with four tucks, or six plaits, or her head with her chin in, and to walk similarly afflicted. Mrs. John Tooley, of

for them to join the East Coast two tucks, according to the number of like a daughter of the gods, instead of Dwight, in this county, is the lady benefited
? like chimpanzee! indeed ? by the following statement :
Pineapple'(Growers' Association.-'Co tucks or bands or plaits said to Have I
D adorable. D wasn't
coa"item in Citizen.C. been counted in some gown worn by was young. CoUNTY OF CHABLEVOIX, }ss
She must have been and her
Mrs. Multi-Millionare somewhere or forty-five, "In the 1891 I was a great sufferer
B. ( natural history
Cory professor j .l
hair white and her face
in the of other. As a matter of fact nowadays, was from extreme nervousness, which
University Chicagp.hasj never more than this season, there is seamed a good deal, not with petty finally developed into an aggravated at-
stated that he, in company with three! fretfulness and bad habits of scowling, tack of St. Vitus' dance. My health was
fashionable color all colors
Indian guides, will:spend1 pan .of :the: no single ; but, as I happen to know, with suffer- very poor and I suffered terribly for sir
are worn. There is no prevailing styleof
winter exploring the southern portion) months constantly growing worse. Fin-
ing that she is not accountable for. D
of the dress; dozens of styles prevail. ally I left home and went to my relativesin
great Everglade He-,
; swamp., carried herself well, not haughtily, but Canada for visit and
will in the interest of the uri There is no reigning fabric; there are a my people
go I dozens of fashionable materials. with unconscious dignity and poise. never expcted I would return alive. In
and he intends to investigate the ,reports More than two-thirds of the Her manner is graciously sweet, not Canada I was induced to try Dr Wil
relative to thelarge.snakthat: women I fulsome, but like a benediction. Her liams' Pink Pills, and the result was truly
are said to abound in that ,region, as who are ill-dressed and "sights" (to marvellous. When I began taking themI
of black
she has
well as the skeletons of immense mam- avoid lookingat; if one has an eye for gown was for not weighed but ninety-six pounds, and
i beauty), might be well-dressed, and worn colors for a long time, the family in nine weeks' time, during which I took
mals and the
many diB'erentpeci. l to be in four boxes of the medicine
I agreeable to look without spending seeming pertetually! mourn gained so
mens of tropical birds and insects that upon ing,but there was a soft jabot of creamy that I weighed 125 pounds, and the St.
a cent more than they spend now.
be found there.Titusville Vitus' dance and all
are to Sun. chiffon nervousness disap-
at the neck, and frills of the
amused myself the other day by peared. I returned home in nine weeks,
While the Sun in the
man was inside the sleeves
that widenedover
'taking stock, as the dry goods people completely cured and in the best of
southern and eastern part of Alachua say, at a woman's club meeting. the hands at the wrist. Her hair health and have continued so to this

county rcently, he investigated the Oh, right here in New York. was not tightly twisted into nasty little day. Previous to taking the Pink Pills I
condition of the orange groves. The Don't make the mistake of thinkingthat artificial curls, but waved sOftly back had been attended by several physicians,
investigation showed a very satisfactory from her temples, and was coiled becomingly but with no good results. I owe my life
all New York fashionable
women are to Pink Pills, and have earnestly recom-
condition. In Micanopy, Haw- or beautiful; not by, oh, not by a at the back. The bonnet was mended them to all my friends, and my
thorn, Island Grove and Melrose vi very long shot. At this particular black, and, of course, sombre, but the mother and three brothers have taken

cinities the trees have made .remark meeting the women as a whole were brim rippled about the face instead of them with good results, my mother for
able In the white heart trouble. I will be glad to answer
growth. Micanopy forming an ugly straight line, and the
"well dressed" far
so as being
has made its and pretty any and all enquiries as to what Pink
again whole effect
appearance was softened by the feath-
dressed in of date "
new goods up-to- Pills have done for me.
will again have to be fought. Doctor manner of cutting and trimming. But ers and wings of lace.' E was forty. (Signed.)

Montgomery stated that a bill had these are some of the reasons, some of She was large. She wore a gown that Sworn to and subscribed before me this

been prepared and would be intro- them were not models of dress and carriage made here look as if skewered and in 2nd day of July, 1896.
duced at the coming session of the torment. Ugh F was Mrs. Tooley is now the picture of
legislature, which was calculated to and personal appearance. Items health, and the Democrat reporter could
from ANOTHER SUCCESS. hardly realize that she was at one time so
protect trees against this pest.-Gainesville MY NOTE BOOK. near to death. But her testimony is un-
She is tall and large with
Sun. a pretty
assailable, and she is very eanest in her
A gentleman arriving in the city this A was a dumpy woman (very rich prominent bust,but she carried herselfso desire to spread the good news to other

morning from Lake county says' that ,woman too, by the way), and she well that her size is not overpower sufferers. .
the of this will .wore a red cloth dress with a boleroof ing. She wore a dark blue broadclothdress. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain, in a
crop oranges season condensed form all the elements
The skirt about inches neces-
cashmere'patterns as large thoseon ten
far larger than has been anticif ated.. as sary to give new life and richness to the
the border of India shawl from the foot had a row of black silk
In Lake county alone, he says, Ihere your blood and restore shattered nervs. Theyare
will be a yield of several thousand with a wrinkled velvet girdle, and a insertion, very fine passementerie, in also a specific for troubles peculiarto

boxes of the luscious fruit. On the hat, low crowned, the trimming, of points on each side set in, the cloth females, such as supressions, irregularities -
which poked out sidewise from each underneath being cut away to show and all forms of weekness. They
of Mrs. O'Brien
grove J. at Eldorado, the black build up the blood, and restore the glowof
The waist
I side of her face. She should have s3k lining. was
he says he saw a bunch of sixteen fine health to pale and sallow cheeks. In
oranges, the growth of which was bud- worn a bottle green cloth, plain, or in close fitting and plain, the meeting men they effect a radical cure in all cases
ded from a sucker sixteen months ago, an invisible mixture, made in princess point of the skirt and waist being hid arising from mental worry, ever-*workor

which had sprouted from a tree killed style, with a bonnet trimmed high instead den under a girdle of folded black excesses of whatever nature. Pink Pills
of broad, or something of this satin. There was a bolero back on are sold in boxes (never in loose bulk) at
the freeze. The fruit all
during was the bodice of the blue cloth and 50 cents a box or six boxes for $2.50, and
fine and healthy and holding well:: nature. may be had of all druggists, or direct by
B would have been a good bolero fronts to just below the waist
Many trees in the grove-which were very mall from Dr. Williams' Medicine Company
devasted by the freeze are now bear- looking woman but for several horri- line, graduating from there into long Schenectady, N. Y.

ing and will yield a good crop this;. ble long curling hairs on her chin, slender stole-like ends falling below ---..---

season.-Jacksonville Metropolis.A and unsightly warts, one on her fore- the abdomen. This bolero was bor- the time of the creation she could

head and one on her nose. These ered all the way round and down the have arranged everything much more
writer in the Tropical ,Sun, complains stole ends and the chin with
warts can betaken off without pain up to a to her satisfaction at any rate. Her

bitterly of the crow. It destroys by any physician, the 'services of a I ruching made of narrow black satin skin was grey, and her hair was that

tomatoes on the vines, also 'the eggs high-priced specialist!not being nec- ribbon. The effect of the arrange faded dirty grey that spells lack of

and young of different plume birds. essary. The hairs can be annihilated ment of the modified bolero, you see, cleanliness, lack of brushing, and a

He says: "In my residency of years i in by the electric needle for a few riot I know. It gives the gown a fashionable fretful woman. Of course her dress

this county I have been frequently lars, and if the woman hadn't the riot look, and yet hid the size of the was a grim grey, one of those characterless -

back in the cypress swamp and among lars to spend she could pull each one bust and abdomen. The hat was a I that are so homely.
the rookeries of these birds, and have- out-herself.with a pair of tweezers' large dark blue felt rolling up one Having no "figure" worth mention-

always seen crows around these rook fast as it grew in. After a few times side, and trimmed with luxurious coq 'ing, of course this benighted woman

ries. At first I wondered why they some of the hairs would get discour plumes in the greens and bronze glis had elected to have her dress made in .

were always around these places, 'butwhat aged and never return. The others tening hues that are so handsome. I a skin tight tailor style. She had

I saw every time convinced m e could be kept out of sight with two A little woman of mincing carriagewould I drawn her hair tight (after wetting it)

of the fact that they were there watch: minutes endeavor once a week.C have been comical in this toilet. tight as ever she could draw it to the .

ing their chance to pounce on the unprotected had been dressed by a dress It was a picture that a duchess might top of her head, and thin little wisps

eggs and young, -of these maker who ''knew her business, and have envied. one after another rebelled and struck -

birds and eat them. This I hav&seen the colors were becoming, the style G was a dried-up looking woman, straight out, or fell hopelessly over :__ '

them do repeatedly, ,.andtherefl'ectbeen has. suited to the wearer's height and the sort of woman whom you knowat her collar. She had curled her hair ,

to very, ,noticeably :reduce both breadth, and theytrimmings arranged a glance has a vinegary tongue, in little straggling frizzes, in front. -.-
the.numberof rookeries and'.thel'numberof
artistically 'the best effect I I and thinks ill of everybody, and Oh, why didn't somebody tell her to :

birds.in!these-rookeries: .1 possible. But C didn't walk, she knows 'if she had been consulted at wash her hair and brush it, and-put'- ;,-{




I \,!,

<- __ __ d _______ -_ __ __





le food'on it, and then'to wave it the leaves. The back or plain pieceof carry into your tent, turn upside
ly and knot it loosely? Why did cardboard should be covered with down on a barrel or bench,

have her dress of that distressing the same color of silk; this also the WwillIIer blow! in a little more smoke,

&ne color? Why didn't she get one front,should be lined with clean white and rapidly knock the bottom and

/the warm dahlia red purples, and paper pasted smoothly on : tack the (PERRY DAVIS'JA sides off getting the interior open to

fry not have it made with a full two pieces together, cover three small Sure And Safe Remedy la the: light as quick as possible, as this <

.rooping soft vest of something brass rings, buttonholing them with every case and every kind has as much to do in quieting the bees '
;cheerful, and cut in a fashion blue Asiatic twisted silk
[..-- gener. embroidery of Bowel ts as almost anything at this stage. One .
rally that would seem to wrap the and fasten to the top of frame; pass a Complaint side should be left for the bees to

pathetic thin body up luxuriously? small rod, either brass or silk covered cluster upon; the bottom (which as it
. Why did't she have a ruche about her (costing about ten cents), and hang ainKiller'This stands on the bench is now

neck instead of a man's coat collar, under some picture or beside the dress- ), and the three others, or uppermost their .
severe and trying, showing everyone ing table. A bow of white or blue equivelent in of
is a true statement and case a log gum, are
of the age lines that had come all too satin at one end of rod is a desirable removed. This will
f It can't be made too strong give easy access
under her and chin ? addition.
:; ears for
too cutting out the combs which have
or emphatic.It
i Oh me! There are a lot more of The frame may be finifhed with their main attachment to what was .

, these. easel back it desired, to stand upon is a simple, safe and quick originally the top. If the work is done

WHYS AND WHY NOTS table or mantle. cure for quickly very few bees will have had

in my note book, dated that same day. ELIZABETH. time to fill themselves with honey and -
Busy women who have their hands Cramps, Coug1l, Rheumatism, leave the clusters; and consequently as

'and hearts full of family cares can't Apiary.Edited Colic, Cold!, 1l euralgia, they: now leave the combs and look -

spend the time and attention on dress DiaxrkeSj Cronp,, Toothache (for some portion of the hive whereonto

' that women of fashion and means do Two sizes, 25c. and 50c. cluster, they will all get to the one ..
by A. F. BROWN San Mateo Fla.
(by high-priced proxies) but it is as side left intact (for that purpose. But
,highly desirable to be an agreeable TRANSFERRING BEES. Keep it by you. Beware of we need not wait for this. As soon

|I picture for husband and children to Imitations. Buy only the as the sides are removed, commence

look at as it is to put an agreeable From Box Hives and Log Gums to Genuine-Perry Davis'. cutting out the combs, brushing and

picture on the walls for them to gazeat Moveable Frame Hives. 1014 Jtorytrfor*. shaking the bees off near where they

and, as I said a few minutes ago, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: ::4oooo are clustering, and lay your combs on

if women would only dress with more Getting bees out of old box hives, the table until all are removed, or

intelligence they could vastly im log gums, barrels, kegs, soap boxes, to be transferred a small tent made ot nearly so. Then commence and cut
to fit the frame '..
prove their personal and saving only the
appearance and the like, and transferring them drilling! common cheese cloth or even:
toilets without spending any more into improved moveable frame hives, burlap sacking, will be found almosta straight all-worker size cells combs.

time or money than they do now. where their product can be handled necessity, as when the work lasts for Those with the large size cells are ,

Apropos of keeping age marks at and harvested to a profit seems a most any time the disturbing of the bees drone combs and should not be saved,
,bay, the handsomest woman, no lon but put with the crooked combs to be
formidable task to the novice or be- and the odor of the honey in cuttingout
ger young, at the opening of the Ital-- rendered into wax along with the
ginner, and is generally the first and transferring the combs, are i
ian Grand opera season the other "stumbling block," where they call a quite sure to bring all the bees in the trimmings, etc. Keep the brood 'I
I night was Mrs. Frank Leslie, who halt in their attack upon the businessof neighborhood to the scene and suchan together as much as ,possible, :
must be, dear me, she must be sixty especially if the weather is ,at .
modern honey production; and yet outcome, or the results of such a .
;years old. She likes to wear her all cool. As fast as have
mar- you
after all the art of successful trans one, would startle a" Dutchman to
[vellous diamonds, and so she keeps a frame full proceed to fasten the
ferring is a small job and most easily say nothing of a new beginner.Two .
her eyes bright, else the gems would combs into place by means of the
accomplished if the mind to do it is or three colonies can be
make her look cords small dT f wood but
[ faded. Diamonds needa or strips -the
only once made transferred satisfactorily in
up. very
[ glittering woman. They make mouse twine is preferable. When all are
Having transferred some seven or the open air as the work is
[like women and faded women look tied fast hang into the new hive, and
eight hundred colonies of bees in my done and through with before the out-
very dull indeed. :Mrs. Leslie knows so on till all the frames are filled or
ten years' experience in the honey side bees have much notice or chanceto
!* thing or two about color, too, and the combs all used up. Some combsof
business, and having just finished ; become acquainted with the fact.
[her was a brilliant crimson satin. honey should be transfered to give
transferring some thirty or forty colo But if there are a dozen or twenty col
::she probably wouldn't wear crimson the bees stores ; but as a rule such
nies in a neighborhood where the people onies or more, by all means rig up some
j about her face, but the bodice was of combs are difficult to handle and I
such work of
done and
never saw sort bee-tight tent or screen house,
[course decolette. How girls of prefer to feed back the honey rather
many seemed to marvel at the way of going under cover and protection of whichone
[seventeen and women in their early than try to bother with combs heavy
work the with break
about such a ease can open the hive and cut
[,youth envy Mrs. Leslie at three score, in honey, unless it is cold weather,
which it was accomplished, and the out the combs and honey without mo- .
her plump, white well moulded very early in spring or late in fall.
freedom from the thousand and one lestation from outside bees; besides,
[shoulders.-Our Grange Homes. stings which they (and almost all such tent facilitates the work in other While you are busy fitting the

.. .. others uninitiated) anticipated, I will ways, and keeps the bees where we can combs in the frames and getting them
Dainty Frame for Card Photo. stop and tell those interested my way bse them when we need them to the arranged in the new hive the bees will

[Lot Our Rural Home. of proceeding in this work, which uest advantage.Now have clustered all quietly on some

This with your photo would makean causes hundreds to shiver at even the to work. Supply your tent portion of the old hive, 'from which

[ acceptable gift for the holidays. thought. At the same time I will try with a good sized table or bench,a bar you have just removed the combs.

[For foundation use two pieces of stiff to answer seme of the many questionsthat rel or tub to throw refuse honey and But you need pay no attention
[cardboard sr X4U inches. Cut an would naturally be the outcome trimmings of comb into, a couple of them until you have the combs.trans- .

val a3xI$ inches jn the center one f from a short lesson on the subject. strong knives for cutting out combs, a ferred and all ready in the new hive. ;4

; thIS (the front) is now to be cov- As to what season of the year is hatchet or axe to break and knock This you set down on the ground,

red with two layers of white sheet best for transferring, I have found open the old hives or log gums, a first spreading a piece of burlaps or

adding, then with light blue China but little difference here in Florida ; small brush broom,turkey wing or evena sheeting about a yard square so it

ilk. at any time when the bees are breading pihetop bough for brushing the bees will be in front and just project a few

To get the oval center covered. and carrying pollen (bee breed) off from the combs,and a good supplyof inches under the edge of the 'bottom

moothly you must mark the size ol freely and are gathering new honey, common grocer's twine (cord), cut of the new hive. Now gently shake

pening upon the back of the silk then with the weather warm and sunny, in lengths to be right for tying the your cluster of bees into the top of

)tarting from the center slash fifteenor almost any month in the year except combs into the frames; also some small, the new hive and put on the cover:;

sixeeen times towards the pencil November, December and January. thin strips of wood for the same purpose the few adhering bees not jarred off :

mark. This enables you to fit i itmoothly. t A bright, warm, sunny day is the best; ; also a bucket of water to keep in the top can be shaken 'down in

Paste the silk upon the cloudy, rainy and cold ones the worst, your hands free of honey, and last and front of the hive at the tntrance.
back using white glue. for most bees are cross and irritable the most important implement in all Proceed the same with the next colony

For design Marguerites, white vio- and given to stinging when disturbed our work,a good bellows bee smoker- and so on until all are transferred.

ets, arbutus or snow-drops are suit 11 during cloudy, rainy, or cool weather, this to be kept well going-andwe are (Remainder next week.)
ible. Of course these should be em more so in the fall of the year than in ready for work. Blow a few puffs of f A. F. BROWN.

loidered upon the silk before the the spring. So select a bright, warm, smoke in at the entrance of the colonyto .. "

val is slashed; do the work solidly sunny day. be transferred, wait a few seconds .?
Mr. E. W. Shanibarger of Pine .
'with numbers 2002, 2560 and 2561 1 If only one or two colonies are to and then a few puffs more, and drumor '.. '
Castle has sold 60.000 celery i plants l .
"r the flowers, and numbers 2621: be transferred the work can be done rap upon the sides of the hive for ,individual his.'adver ::;'
to one through
I 23 and 24. Asiatic file floss fo T I, in the open air. But if there are many about one minute. Then pick up and tisement in The Star.-Orlando'Star.


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I In Jamaica a negro climbs the He bought live cut worms of the pick- A Railroad Oommissior

J i.I' Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower I orange trees, wrenches off the oranges aninnies by the quart; he fed those on This journal has under them '
Paris and flour witha
and throws them down to his com- the plants green management steadily and consist
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main panion below. When the latter gets blow-gun. Commercial advocated the creation of a stro

Street. Jacksonville.Fla. tired of catching them in his naked high, and his purse was runninglow. thoroughly businesslike and cone .r

hand he holds an orange in his handto He hired little niggers to gather tive railroad commission. Let it

-._.*. TERMS OF! SUBSCRIPTION break the force of the impact. cow chips,and he had them ranging the composed, for instance, of one r_>a5 'f
this does through the woods, picking up well versed in
not .
by experience
JOT One= Year .............................fj.oo Naturally enough help bones of cattle and razorbacks. Thesehe trans .
For Six Months....................... ..... 1.00 the keeping quality of the fruit. burned and tation, one representative farmer c o
;' la Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 -- m" .*. -- had ground or pounded high intelligence and one lawyer of
-. A Great Help to Him. ; he fed them to his poultry, with first class ability and integrity. In our
Subscriptions in all cases. cash in wheat and the resultant he ate
:. ,
railroad commission is
advance. No discount allowed on one's Mr. Edward White, of the South opinion a right
own subscription(except in a club), but to African Republic, under date of October some he sold, and the poultry manure, and needful for the following, among

all agents a liberal cash commission will 29, writes, "We have been sub- with bone and ashes, he applied to his many reasons:
allowed all subscriptions obtainedby crops. He grew a strawberry crop after -
scribers to your paper for the last three Foregoing any attempt to discus
Write for terms. all but it
them. was not as good a one as
and it has been a great help to the and of the
years nature
To every new subscriber we will send, he learned to raise afterward.He scope powers
postpaid a copy of Whitner's "Garden- us, as our climate is similar to yours. granted by the State to corporations
had .)his pickers at work a mile
Florida." For two subscribers -..iCutWorms ----
ing in new through a charter, let us consider this
in the woods while he looked after
at $2.00 each, we will send, Wanted. out and
matter objectively practicallyThe
of Moore's "Orange his interests at the depot. They
postpaid, a copy Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: invite the
Culture." swindled him in the issue of tickets transportation company
of Floridais ;
A study of cut-worms do business their line
public to over ;;
Rates of advertising on application. they turned snmmersaults on the beds.
being conducted at Experiment they solicit settlement on their land
Remittances should be made by check, Station. It is desired to make this He reformed tint altogether; he went (in the case of land-grant lines), offer
postal note. money order or registered out and looked after them and took
study complete,including as near- refund the the
fetter to order of very ing to to purchaser total
hold of his field work with both hands.
ly as possible, all of the various speciesof amount of his fare from the purchase .
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, He made little the first year, but
that very
cut-worms occur throughoutthe paid for his land. He
Jacksonville. Fla. he got a grip on the business-he money
State. makes shipments and finds that he re

In order that this end may be at- "learned the ropes. ceives no profit, or not sufficient profit
CONTENTS The second he had a splendid
tained, it is kindly requested that those year to enable him to support his family.We .
stand of plants in one of his patches.He .
who be able to secure specimens, will that his
may products ar-
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Indian River Orange suppose
had of "home
high'hopes making a
.i.. Groves; Protecting Orange Trees will cooperate in the work by sending visit sound, merchantable, shipped in goo;
from Cold; Protection from Frost...... .. 77' them to the station. Cut-worms may stake, of enjoying a summer to condition and sold at a fair price; stii
the North. An tookit
Peaches: in Peninsular Florida; Fruit be sent with safety through the mails, neighbor he receive reasonable
Notes from India........,................. 772 with slightly moist- into his cranium, on a windy day, to cannot a remit;
packed lightly, neration for his labor and expendituresHe
Paint as a Protection against Ants and burn over a "rough. The unexpected
Lice ...... ............................... 773 ened moss, in tin baking-powder cans, happened the fire jumped a creek represents these facts to the co
TOBAcco-In'St. Jobns County; The Manatee or similar tin boxes. Any data that ; poration and they reply to him.laW..

I Tobacco Company................ .... 773 may be sent by postal card or letter, and swept into our friend's beautiful cannot make a reduction in your cast
r laid with
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Ginger ; The White concerning the habits, food-plants and plants, all freshly dry mulch- for that would involve reduction fc

> Cricket again ; Sour Soil.......... ...... 774 destructiveness of the specimens will ing. Tht neighbor and his wife worked all and a with that
POULTRY-Exchanging Eggs; Food for Fattening thank like good ones to redeem his fatal our shippers, w
valuable and will be
very could not our operating ex
Chicks; Level Roosts the Best; blunder; other neighbors ran to their pay
Mongolian Pheasants;Scrub Fowls;Breed fully receivek. penses."
fir Good Results ...................... .... 775 Address, help; amid flame and smoke,the stenchof The shipper rejoins: "Without -
woolens and the of
OUR RURAL HOME-Some Well Dressed Women A. L. QUAINTANCE.Lake crackling hay, reduction I -
,and Some that are Dowdy .......... 776 they whipped the fire and saved some tt"Then cannot pay my expenseeither.

Dainty Frame for Card Photos........... 777 City, Fla.o....,. of the beds. When our hero arrivedon .
AMARV-Transferring Bees............ ..... 777 the scene from a distant field he you will be obliged to remove
EDTORLLL-GreatHelptoHim ; Cut Worms How He Made a Living in Florida. to some other section of th.
saw his castles in Spain, his visit to
Wanted; How He Made a Living in Flor- Last week there came to us from country," is the virtual answer of th-
had in smoke.
ida; A Railroad Commission .... ...-... 778 Chicago, gone up
MARKETS-Florida Oranges; Our St.Louis one of the finest States in the Union, One lesson he learned from this- corporation."But .

'. Letter............................. ....... 779 having an execrable climate, a bright not to scatter his plantings, but to con- I cannot do this without ruin
r{ .ENTOMOLOGY-Some Essential Facts about young man, well bred and well-spoken. solidate his work, and to make broad for all I have in the world is investe

.Insects, NO.4....... .. ........ ........ 780 He had rheumatic tendencies and fire-break around it. where I now live. I have just '.
; Cane Sugar Preferable to Beet............ 782 wanted indoor work. There much right to to that if
.' Asparagus in the South.... ............... 784 are plentyof He combed up his blackened plants, say you yc
;,' counter jumpers in the State, more picked a little-fruit from them late in cannotmeet your expenses with a low 1
than enough ten for position offered tariff, you will have to remove
Weather in Jacksonville. every the season, and got something for his yoi
: Week Ending Nov 30, iSg6d and no factories or canneries to labor. He traded horses,bought some, railroad to some other section."

speak of. He had bathed his rusty sold, cade a little something, got a Now, if only one shipper argued.
d a a !mDATS. :I. a.i",: joints in the wine and oil of this fine team and took contracts of the this manner the supreme power wou .
a. :I Q u o ; grading
: ..f Ii p? II! f1 1i atmosphere for a month,and he would village streets. He bought a mower doubtless consider his interest subs

i Nov.17..6- -6S -62 -.00 give anything, he would do anythingto and a rake; made hay on shares, fed dinate to that of the corporation, f

Nov.t8 ........ 67 6j 14 6J r3 664 T. be enabled to stay here, but no man his horses, sold hay. He did not haveto it so decided when it exercised U
Noy. 19........ 68 11 18 62 16 10 .09 of eminent domain ,
offered him work.A right appraised b
Nov. 20 ........ 68 11 19 66 13'2 .00 search for work; the work came to
Noy. 21........ r6 11 81 65 17 14 00 man must not "look for work" in property and sold it to the corporate.'

.! '\ NOY.23 NOV22............... 65 6S 6Q 49 13 72 64 4B 24 8 68 60 .68.06 Florida-nobody has lost any-but he him.It gives us great pleasure to state for a right-of-way. But if a lar

Mean ......... -66 -66 -1S -61 -IJ -68 -.83 must take hold and make some. We that the young man is getting on. One number of shippers make affirmati:

know a young man of excellent family, of his neighbors, one of those whom similar to the above, their aggregate
.Total rainfall. T.Trace.A. from one of the great States of the North the Scotch call "ne'er-do-weels," want- claim rises to the full measure of dr.

J. MITCIIELL.. Observer. who had been an officer of the World's ed to go back North; our friend boughthis nity and importance with that of t ,

:Mr. Mahlon Gore, the mayor of Fair in Chicago,and from whose tongue property for $1,000, paid some corporation. Who then is to dec'

Orlando, in a very interesting com- flowed glibly the talk of the "bulls and down, and now owns a fine house and the dispute between the parties, if r

munication to the Board of Trade, bears" the "puts and calls" of the i barn, a pear orchard, a pasture and a the supreme power of the State? A

stated that there are now more than : wheat-pit; but he could not live in the strawberry field, nearly paid for. His that right and duty can not be u/-.

seventy'' acres of 'canaigre growingnear winters up there, for they made his cheeks are ruddy and bronzed,and his charged through any better medr

that city, with a prospect of more throat rough and hoarse with frost. throat-well, he can raise his "slave" than a well constituted commission.

being planted soon. He had a little money and plenty of with it a quarter of a mile. The golden Again, take a sample: of unfair

.... pluck, with a fairly good "physicalbasis vista of the "bulls and bears" of Chi crimination, which can be well auth.

It is stated that a thin coating of ," as Professor Tyndall calls it. cago, once so piquant and alluring, is ticated in numerous cases. A bar

clay spread over a Bermuda grass He asked no man in Florida for work, fading away in the smoke of his fragrant of potatoes shipped North pays ab

lawn is a great improvement. This but rented a little place and planted "Florida." A baked rooster anda twice as much freight as a barre.

persistent grass readily comes up strawberries. With an excess of ener- bottle of strawberry wine graced his potatoes shipped South between

through the clay, and the latter keeps gy and a determination to make a Thanksgiving board,withal a bachelor's same points. The corporation wo-

down the sand which the rain splashes "go," he burned several beds of his yet-but,perhaps-well-who knows? probably justify this charge ou

: upon the grass! thereby disfiguring the plants with too generous doses of cot- .s-a. fact-which is a fact-that the F
lawn and dulling the knives of the tonseed meal. But he was gritty, and Key West sponge is being shippedto da potatoes generally sell for at

mower unnecessarily. he pulled them up and planted again. Rotterdam, Holland. twice as much in the North asMUIll

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sf< ..aoSfn' Northern potatoes sell form in Florida.In I' New York'Market.. THB -=- .

early days the disproportion was FLORIDA ORANGES.

(* 2 ItKris still greater in favor of Florida. potatoes A few lots arriving from the gulf sec FIRST NATIONAL
,s :j'taJ2. but it is every year growing l less. ion have been held in range of $3.50@

If all the other facts of the situation .50'as= to size and color, but they have ,
y.bYZ9 corresponded with this single f fact as to sold slowly and very rarely at the top JAOKSONVILT4E.
'J iiioq j jr figure. The stock still lacks color and
comparative prices, probably there sweetness as a rule.SOUTHERN The Oldest National Bank in the State.

would be heard little complaint.Most GREEN VEGETABLES.

: men do not quarrel l with the Florida cucumbers have been very CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.

.11' physician for charging rich patientmore plenty and favoring buyer; toward the i By conservative and ,yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
strength ability to meet aU legitimate
for treatment than he chargesa close sales are mainly in range of 75@ We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange demands.on the most favorable terms
patient.But 1.25, only a very few choice lots reach- drafts on all parts of the world. drawing our own,
poor ing 150. Eggplants have been more We invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business relations,assuring you that
unfortunately, the comparison favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention your
plenty> also and largely in poor condition .
does not hold good, for the disparityis especially the steamer receipts. JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. c. COOLEY
reversed. It is nowadays the northern Prices have fallen back to about former President.
potato shipper who is richer thanthe low l prices, and the trade is dull. A few Safe
Deposit Boxes For Rent.
lots of Norfolk
Florida potato shipper. And this green peas have shown

4 J for the simple reason that the North. good quality, and have sold up to$3.00

erg farmer raises nearly all his own inferior per> basket qualities, rarely have even no a certain shade value more;;. SEEDS SEEDS SEEDS !

living, while the Florida trucker-raises some Florida lots of ordinary grade are A FULL STOCK OPNew .

only a" few lines of staples; so that the offering at about$1.00@1.50. Southern
Northern shipper's $2.00 per barrel string beans advanced during the first Field and Garden Seeds
half of the week
; as on Wednesday
means actually more money made and strictly fancy Charleston stock sold up to ADAPTED TO THE SOUTH.

saved than does the Florida farmer's 2002.50> and exceptional sales were

$4.00 per barrel. made even higher. Much of the supplywas ONION SETS

Now, we.hold that this discrimination however the of lower quality and RED AND YELLOW, $4.00 per Bushel.

is unjust and is a lair subject for value; at close receipts are WHITE "
much larger and prices have $4.50"
investigation by a railroad commission. fallen materially, closing weak with a Send for price list. .

Years ago, in the flush times of Flor- large supply unsold. Considerable Nor- L. CAMERON: Seedsman, ''.,

ida, while her limited output of early folk spinach arrived on Wednesday, and Jcaolcsor&'ville 1orlda..

crops .and-luxuries commanded splen- hough; very urgently offered at 30@50c.
per was no adequate outlet. SATISFACTION.
in the North it have
didprices may Myrobolan Plum-Mahaleb Cherry-Mazzaid Cherry-Manetti .
Some further lots are in at the close and Rose-Apple-Pear-Quince. :
[;worked no hardship; but this state of stock on hand is practically unsalable Raise to your own Seed iugs.-If yru have ground to!spare it is cheaper and you can raise enough'
supplv other growers We can supply lOU with Fresh French Japan and American .Seeds
affairs has passed away, never to re '. and Kaffia for budding and grafting. !Samples::) and prices from

turn. There is urgent need of a readjustment Our St. Louis Letter. THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS GEasw TOwN, PA.

r of transportation tariffs upon Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: I,

the basis of existing facts.flarkets.. I: The way green peas and string beans Business Notices. BrCld Redjleld..' Eugene B.Rtdftdd.

poured in here from Florida Thursday RAWLS-WILLIAMS Co.-We would call ESTABLISHED 1871.

Friday and Saturday surprised the street, the; especial attention of our readers to REDFIELD & SON
as up to Thanksgiving the offerings were the new advertisement of this house, on

t. exceedingly small and only occasionallycould our market page. Commission Merchants
green peas be had. So plenty are
they that some of the peas have been of- NURSERY SUPPLIES.-See also, on the -AND-
fered for the express charges. Part of same page,the new ad. of Thomas Meehan
JACKSONVILLE!., December 4. and Sons. The of Thomas Meehan
the stock arrived heated and damaged name Fruit Auctioneers
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. and came in with the cold snap which passes among fruit-growers and nurserymen -

Corrected by Marx Bros. largely reduced the demand. throughout the United States as a 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
when much needed, just before synonym of honesty. He is one of the
These are average quotations. Extra choice Thanksgiving, few came and when little I I highest authorities on horticultural sub- We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetable,

lots fetch prices above top quotations while poor demand existed after Thanksgiving the jects. either at private sale(which has heretofore been
lotsselllower. receipts were simply enormous. Yester- .. our custom) or by the auction system (recently
Catarrh added to our business)as you may desire.
Cannot be Cured
Florida Oranges ................ .:1... 3 SO day morning we had nearly zero temperature -
Apples,bbl.......................... 1.75 to a.GrapesCatawbasib and such goods were touched while with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they
+ ...... .
basket. .18Pines. being transferred at depot and before I
.c ate ,' ,..."........4.00 could be delivered cannot reach the seat of the disease. Ca-
Lemons, Messina box............... 3.75 they to stores. tarrh is a blood or constitutional disease,
English Peas, dried,bu... .......... 1.50 According to the following extract froma and in order to cure it must take in. QUICK WORK
.. ............. ,
Peanuts,best brand. 04 to.o S Kalamazoo celery shipper's letter manyof ternal remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure is

Cabbage.Potatoes, NeWYorkl. each..................... 1.50?H the growers there resort to tricks that taken internally and acts directly on the etables In sMHdg shipped and paying to us for is Fruits cur motto.and Veg-WE

5 barrel lots................. 1.40 nobody suspected them of. blood and mucous surface. Hall's Ca- GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Sack....................... MO "We only run under one name, and tarrh Cure is FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
'. 5 sactl tl..;............... 1.35 therefore only receive nota quack medicine. It BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
Early Rose,seed ............ i.5 you one quotationfrom was prescribed by one of the best physicians by our 40 years experience without default-
Onions N.Y. bbl..... ...... ....... 2.5 us, while other companies send you in this country for years and is a ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing
peas, eye bushel............. I.So circulars under several different names It is and financial stability which any bank or
regular prescription. of
............. "
brown-eye, ,. 1.25 and, quote as many different prices. merchants having mercantile reports an
,4 clay .... J x.io the best tonics known, combined with verify-then
Turnips N.Y. bbl................ 1.50 The apple market is in a deplorable the best blood purifiers, acting directly on c METHOD WILL try us SATISFY-WE BELIEVE YOU. OUR Send
................ condition. The
Beets, .. 200 unprecedented low pricesdo the mucous surfaces. The perfect combi- your name for our quotations. Stencil and
Parsnips ........._.... 2.50 not seem to check the big receipts. cards frte. Letters promptly answered.
Carrots, ............... 2.50 nation of the two ingredients is what pro-
E I.---. .-.-.. 13 All other markets are reported sick and duces such wonderful results in curing
a d .. there appears no outlet for the immense Catarrh. Send for testimonials, free.F. CO.,
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. offerings. In addition to the big sup- J. CHENEY & CO. Toledo
t ,Props., ,0. 116 Warren St., New York.
Corrected by Davis& Robinson. plies in the hands of all the regular Sold by druggists, price 75c.

Yellow Yamsbush.,4 dealers, the railroad tracksespeciallythose ESTABLISHED 1855.
Sweet Potatoes, .......... ........... : .30 of the Clover Leaf-are crowded.< Those of readers who wish hand-
illd' Hubbard squash, bbl................. 1.50 It is said there is always on track 50 to our a
Lettuce doz........... ............... no demand 75 The cold somely illustrated book, telling all about
jbi ',Celery .. ........ ........-_ .3010.40 cars. storage plants, ware how to raise poultry on either a large or a
Egg Plants bbl.....,................. 1.50 houses, cellars and other places where small scale for
'I'll Tomatoes crates, .................... 1.50 to 2.00 the fruit will keep any length of time,, profit or pleasure, and
!11 Sweet Pepper bu .. .... ..............?5 to 1.00 to be full. The advancing season which contains new plans for building The Rawls-Williams Company,
I Green Beans,crate..... ....... .... no demand appear poultry-houses together with tested rem-
.:bh Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to .10 discloses no hope for speculators or in edies for all poultry* should send 'VHOLE A.LE
Kershaws, each... ....... ......... .0.1 to .10 vestors. diseases
Parsley per das.bunches ............ .20 to .z s The persimmon too has been 15 cent.to John Bauscher, Jr., of Free-
.Green onions,per dos bunches....... .IS crop, surprisingly port, Ills., who will mail it to them, postage Pro and Commissioll.i
Pepper hot.bushel................... .75'' large this season, and the owns paid. This book also tells all about uce I
Sage,well cured lb.-......... .2 ers of the crop, have been calling for outlets -
Hens.........-..............._....... 30 for the surplus. A number of letters the kitchen and flower garden, and is illustrated -
f Roosters...................._...... .25 I with lithographic cuts of fowlsin
Half.grown...................... .r to .20 have come to the commission houses their natural coloring. Mr. Bauscher's COUNTRY PRODUCE AND POULTRY
Turkeys per pound gross........._. .08 here from Illinois and Missouri farmers a Specialty.
Ducks..................w. ........... .25 to .30 wanting to know what persimmons woulc ad. will be found on another page of thispaper. 4f Domestic and Foreign Fruits in season tt
.Geese '. .......................... .35 to .4 The local has been Hay Grain, Flour and Canned Goods.
Leeks per doz bunches.............. .25 bring. crop large .
Radishes,per doz:.....................No&man enoughto shut out all shippers. STATE AGENT EXCELSIOR MALT.
eaeumbtrscrate...... ............. 1.25 P. M.] KIELY. IF you have a }piece? of ground as largeas Honest Returns Guaranteed same day of sale.
Spinacbperbushel....... ......... .54 .......
a parlor floor, it will you to have Consignments solicited. Givens a trial
Cabbage Florida scarce............. .05 to ,07
.Salsify,per dozen bunches.......... None IRRITATION OF THE THROAT caused The Rural New-Yorker. Send for a We will be pleased to send you our Quotations
''Uma Beans,quart......... ........ .10 to 12# by Cold or "use of the voice, "Brown19 free sample copy to New York, and see. on application.:
Green ...., ... ...........
peas crate Bronchial Troche Offices and Salesroom and West Bay st.
I beneficiaL will soo
Turnips,bunch................ ....... are exceedingly We send it and THE FARMER AND
Florida Honey pound section............ .10 FHUIT-GBOWEB both one year for 250. Warehouses, F.C.&P.Yards,Jacksonville,Faa
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'Entomology.SOME this her life work is ended and .death I.I us endeavor obtain some>idea as to i -h

may,soon follow.- the number insects',that. are-to ,be

r--.. "'""-'"" MOUTH PARTS OF INSECTS. found throughout the world. Linnaeus)

ESSENTIAL PACTS Before passing to the subject of knew about three thousand.at least

ABOUT INSECTS.IV.BY classification of insects, it will be well two,thousand,of which J ,were.European

to note the prominent types of mouth and the remainder exotic. In 185.3 .

parts that are to be found in the classof Mr. John :Day, e3timatedthe 1 numberof
A. L. QUAINTANCE, M. S. insects. For our present purposeit .species on.the.globe at two hundredand PShortest

Florida Agricultural College and Ex. will be sufficient to consider only fifty thousand. In 1883 Dr.

periment Station, Lake City, Fla. three. First let us note an example of Sharp's estimate,was between five hun-

biting mouth parts. This type is well dred, thousand and one. million. In

In insects with a complete metam- represented in the grasshopper and the 1889 the,number'had grown; :.to nearly

orphosis we observe four well defined beetle. In this type of mouth the partsare two'million. Dr. Riley estimates that Quickest, Most Attrae veRO""UTE

stages, the egg, larva, pupa and adultor so developed and arranged,that two million species in'the world is.an
imago. As an illustration of com- ,exceedingly and into :
the animal is enabled to chew and figure, taking
plete metamorphosis let us take a com- I: account the number of : BETWEEN
bite. Such animals obtain their food great .species FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH 4
mon moth. See figure 3. From the by chewing the green parts of leaves, that have :not yet ,been.described, hit THE

egg ( a and b in the figure) is hatcheda stems and other substances. The sec- links that.t.en.: million species of in. Florida Central and d
wormlike creature, (c) bearing no ond type is known as the sucking sects in the whole world would be, a

resemblance to the adult. This is the mouth. Here the organs that are to moderate estimate. A moment's reflection NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

larval stage, during which period of be found in the type previously con- on; this vast estimate of the New York
to Jacksonville
the ,insect's life it feeds voraciouslyand sidered are so arranged and developedthat species will' at once impress.the abso New Florida Pennsylvania. !R.to Wash

rapidly increases in size. To al- they may be used as a tool with lute,necessity 0'' the.need.of a.perfect Northern and }1 ington.Columbia Southern, Florida Railway'Central to&

low for its increase of size it moults which to pierce the epidermis leaves system of classification, in order that Air I4ne. Peninsular to all principal
frequently, as its increasing bulk be- these animals recorded points in Florida.
and the branches of trees and insects maybe properly Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati
comes too great for its small s ze. and other animals; and suck up their and studied. Thanks to the workof tion by Queen & Crescent,
This is the period in the life of insect Uarrlman Junction to AsheAsheville -
food. This eminent entomologists the 1 ,
juices as type represents many :II yule and Columbia by:Sou them
in which it lays up fat and i an interesting modification from a classification of insects ,has assumed Railway and Florida
Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Columbia -
nourishment to enable it to pass morphological point of view. All somewhat Definite shape. There are J to Jacksonville.

through the pupa stage into the adult, bugs, moths and butterflies possess still, however, many interesting: prob- Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Cincinnati Queen& Crescent to Chatta-
and it:is during this period: of growth .
and '
aoogs*Southern B'y:to Ever
that most insects do their greatest Florida}ette,.Horida Central &Peninsular -
Limited. .to all important'Florida
damage to our vegetation. After the points.

larva: has fed until it is full grown it Kansas City Kansas City,- Fort s Scott..&

passes into the pupa stage, (d). But Jack andAh MemphisRRtoKansasCity DirmJ.nrhaJDt80ut1lern.l\J,

very few pupae, as those of mosqu T h ro' Line 'to. Everette,, Fla.' Central '&.
_Peninsular to all 'Fla.points.St.
itoes, are active. With a great ma .Louis"to Jaeksonville4
jority this is the period of rest so far Cairo Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'rs Illinois Central to HOll'$p'ge,
movements, of the body are concerned e Boute }Kansas City-Memphis & BirrainghanvtOBirmingham -
; but in the body important and ,Sou.
R',to Everette and: F. C.&P.
If ({\) "L ,
rapid changes
are taking place. Siour City'&Chicago to JackHollr' -
we were to examine the pupa of a sonvUle 111. Cent. to Holly
Sp'gsBoute. K., C. M. & B.
a- b }Sp Bs to Birmingham
beetle just after this stage has been Sou. B', to Ever
entered, we would observe the delicate ette and the F. 0. i P.

legs, antennae and wings of the adult .I New Orleans Xouls'Ule Junction.& Nashllle F. C. & to P.Rive only
quite well defined. These become To }route with through.sleepersJacksonvlale
between New Orleans and
more fully developed and finally the Jacksonville.The .

pupa case splits and the adult ap F. C. & P- has 700 miles of track In
Florida running through the
pears. Most larvae when ready to enter TabQeca ftqnont,
this state of rest find some hiding d. Stock Jf arming andDalry. Section,
Peacn and Strawberry I *,
place so that they may pass throughthis Orange, Banana' and Pineapple Countryt

stage in safety. Many burrow Figure 3-HELIOTHIS ARMKJERA; a, and b, egg enlarged; c, larva; d, pupa case; Photphate Hat the Belt.Silver Spring and
intothe ground; pupae of butterfliespass e and f, moth; all natural size. (U. S. Department Agriculture). OherYin.cenery..
The Hunting Country
this state attached to limbs, sticks, I Beaches the Noted- 'bhf,., Ground
weeds or similar situations. The sucking mouth parts. In the case of lems and questions upon which entomologists Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety
moths and butterflies some of the or- differ greatly. of soils in the State,and above all
term chrysalis is frequently applied to .
have become devel- Runs over the Central Rid :eland
gans wonderfully The class of insects has-been divided
,the pupa of a butterfly. This is a Where I Is High and;Healthy.
Greek' word meanining gold, the use oped, as in the sphinx-moth, where into several orders,different authors Prosperous towns ftll'lt' .route and.it offers

of which in this connection is becauseof they are greatly elongated, frequentlyas differing as ,to the number of order the the best Northern freight markets.'facUities for any produce to

the golden dots and markings which long as the insect itself; when at that this class represents. Linnaeus .Send also for the best map of'Florida (sent.
free,) and note the towns on its route.
adorn the pupae of many butterflies. rest they are coiled up like a watch recognized'but,seven, but ,his classifi- A.OiH.toDONBLLO.P.
beneath the.head. Fu.
spring cation was based the 'of Jacksonville,
The term cocoon is applied to a silken upon organs -
Among the bees and members of This classification had,
case which insects particularly flight only.
many that order another of mouth : The-Fla; :Cent. & Peninsular R. R
,larvae of moths, spin around them-I. type part many good. points, but in spine,,respects .
is observed. It is fitted for both chew.
it was faulty. The. confusionas
,selves so that they may be protected Otters to ShippersThe
from enemies and the weather during ing and sucking. The bees are en- to the number of orders ,has ,arisen Shortest and tieieit Route
their helpless condition. abled to draw out the nectar from flow. from a doubt as to just whatt characters

ers as well as to cut out pieces of leavesfor should be considered as of ordinal BETWEEN
The last stage in the life historyof FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
their nests and other purposes. The rank. Professor.Comstock in his.ex
an insect is the imago, or THE EAST AND WEST.
possession of this type.of mouth.part cellent' Manual for the ,Study of In, Ventilated
adult. See figure 3, e and f. An With Improved Cars,this company -
in this order, and other reasons, have sects recognizes nineteen orders and; is better equipped than ever ever .tohandle
insect never grows after it reaches this the Orange and Vegetable Crops and
sjage. It is a popular idea that a small led to the recognition of this group as while it is possible that some of' these insure close connections and prompt despatch
the of insects. There to all Eastern and Western Markets.
highest are numerous orders stand his classification .
bee, fly or beetle will grow into a largerone may yet Through oars to destination without
minor variations from the above
but this is not the case. :Most will :be followed in thlSrpaper.No change or delay.
adult insects are provided with types, but it is not necessary to men- attempt will be made to .indicate Perishable freight followed by wire and
wings, advised time passing various
tion these in this connection. shippers Junction
although there are exceptions to this the affinities,of-the orders, for-each or. claims and arrival at destination.

rnle, as many insects, bird-lice for CLASSIFICATION OF INSECTS. der has developed'' in a way peculiarto adjusted.for overcharges and loss promptly

instance, have lost their wings through One of the most interesting subjectsin ,,itself, so. that a.close comparisonis See that your goods are marked

disuse.. During this stage, as a gen- the science of entomology is the hardly possible. The orders of insectsare ria F.C. & P. R. R.
as.follows: ..For information call on or address the undersIgned
eral statement,insects do not take much subject of classification. The class of ;

food. The adult stage is furthermore insects is by far the largest of all classes Thysanura (spring-tails), Epheme- : 0. B.B.TAYLOR TUCKS.Tn v.n.AttOrlAndo-FIi.A'gt.OcaU,Fla.

usually quite short. Soon after hatch. of animals. Indeed it may he consid-- rida '(mayfllesOdonata) \ ,(snakedoctors ;; G W,]d,HOLDEN,Tra" A*$V.Leeabnrr J'la

.ing mating occurs, and the female ered that this class embraces more spe- );Plecopetra? :(stone flies),Isoptera Or W.N.B.S FULLER. PENTINOTON.ta.Qsnaggr,Tra v. A' :l.Tam pa-1'1a.,

soon deposits her eggs upon or near cies, and infinitely more individuals, (white-ants), Corrodentia (book llc e), JACkeorapllle; }g:.
the food of the larvae ; having done than all other animals combined. Let Mallophaga (bird-lice), Euplexoptera I W .H. PLEASANT8. General Freight 1ft


__ _. -, -- no \ "--- -- ..- -. ,- ,


! .
i! .4896-, .! -.._....::"":-,, ,- '-:-.:- .._ -....., ,-- THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GBOWEB. t 781. .
i ."


I, ,c': '. DACOST PRINTING CO., ; .

:'_r.: ., .e '''''.
I : 16 .Main Street, I.

iFcTs4z1NviLLE. = = FLORIDA,
I: WoUido1111ce .
That They Hare Made HOLIDAYSEASON..

'Sp.eciatiT. Preparations :
J..l 4 4THE :
'. For... i'r 1 r
: __. ______________.
't',.".."'. -.. .;. '

7Jfl IOIU H 0 Y I Ida OOD"
? OF THE _
:.,.,,. WILL CONSIST .
.-;...'.'"i ... ... ... ,
. .
... -.
., ..
: IT Wllilk l$EPAV YOU .0. THEY ARE THE ':


: THEY are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver in .. '

.the Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce .

ments,.write to us for samples and prices. ;
__ .. .
-- L
? 1 ----- ,
: ..- :. i.. -:., Printing and Book Binding a Specialty. ;, '- .

04 .
:'" '. : (;" '< : C. W. DaCOSTA, Manager. '
i ". -'. .


: ': ., .. ,. "

7S2 -TER' FLORIDA 'FABMEE AND F1tUrr-G1 )W1m. :",:'" : ., ,.,._':. ':; _. .,-ivy.-DECEMBER= *: r:6-.,- __ ...

(earwigs), Orthoptera (grasshoppers), The shingle mill of Fairhead, FOB SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres OWQR'S ANIMAL MEAL. To make hens i' 't
fo- stock and JD and chicks little
390 acres raising lay grow. Our book the .
Physoptera (thrips), Hemiptera j & Co., located at Bayard will be :: growing- W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville, Egg tells all about 11. E. W. AMSDEN

(squash-bugs, scale-insects,) Neuroptera moved to Bunnell."CENTAWOED". 8-24-tf 9-i9-tf Ormond,Fla.

(ant lions) Mecoptera (scorpion- ,
IRRIGATED GROVE ZOO acres. 10 years set 1.XTIRE NETTING best goods for the least
flies), Trichoptera (caddice-fliesLepi-) COL : in other fruit trees, etc. V V money. Write for latest price list. E. W.
: sale at a sacriAce. Address"1',"The Palms, AMSDEN, Ormond,Fla. 9-19-tf
'doptera (butterflies, moths,) Dipterahouseflies I e Park.Lake County Fla. 4CORN :-

( ), Siphonoptera (fleas), i RATES.-Twenty words name and GRASS P ASP ALUM FLA-
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents LOUISIANA (
Coleoptera (beetles), Hymenopterabees ing taken for less than cents. MILLS AND SHELLERS for fam- ) grass for lawns and permanent ...
25 Hand or power. Shel'ers $2.50 pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000, by express; 35
( wasps). Advertisements for this column MUST be $5.00 $40.00. Will make ccarse: grits or cents per hundred postage paid. W.H, POWERS
The characteristics. of these orders paid. meal oatmal, graham flour. "Daisy" gar- Lawtey Via sBERKSIIIRE
Send no stamps larger than two cents. plow, $3.00. Address the Editor, Box 524.
will be given and a few other notes. kfonville.: Fla. BOAR FIGS Torn
Initials and f figures count as one word. thorough
stock. Entitled to i eg*
Cane Sugar Preferred to Beet. FOB RENT.-AT STANTON FLA.,A SALE. 25 ACRE LE CONTE ister. Write us for prices. Fisher & Powers
ern. well-built House of Ten Rooms FOR Grove trees set twelve years; right on Lawtey Fla,
There have appeared recently in is well plumbed, containing bath-room, railroad. Five acres of it in the corporate
of the London and all modern conveniences, which I of Monticello, Fla. Box 524,Jacksonville. MAMMOTH BRONZE TURKEY GOBBLERS
some newspapers, let tor the at month.F. .
season, $25 per $1.25. Limited number. P.
among others in the standard, a e'er C.'BUFFUM. { Rock Pullets and hens,reasonable prices. MRS.

tain number of letters pointing out the GENUINE Nunan, Bessie. Cherokee Colum- I GOMPERTS, Lady Lake Fla. 10-24-3(
ANTED.-THOROUGHBRED Michel's Early Stevens i
evident superiority of cane sugar over Langshan Cocks. We have White Jefferson Strawberry Plants per 1,000 $+.oo, NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD. t
beet a fact which nobody can horns, Black'Langshans, and Pekin ULIt1S SCHNADELBACH k Box 4,Grand Bay Parson Brown Boone,Pineapple,
sugar sale or EXCHANGE. Pggs in Season King Ruby and Tardiff. Marsh Seedless and
well deny, in spite of the similar chem- LYMAN BROS., Melbourne Triumph Grape Fruit. Villa Franca Lemon.

ical composition presented by the two NURSERY TREES-I WILL HAVE 20,000 Geo. E. Snow. Eastlake Fla. 9MCNIUL
FOB SALE.-4,000 GRAPEFRUIT of the most popular varieties
sugars after being equally refined. It Trees, ;4J% years old. at- delivery this fall and winter. Send in your PEAS, Orange, Trees and Buds.
is known that certain aromatic com prices. 1-5-3 W. G.WATSON Lakeland, now, and be sure to get what you want. supply of the celebrated McNeil
s and particulars on application. W. K. Peas. A few Tardiff and Parson Brown trees on
of agreeable odor, approaching in nature WANTED, A LARGE QUANTITY OF ,Braidentown Manatee County, Fla. good strong sour roots also a few thousand buds -
trees on sour stock, 3 Io-8-t.f for sale. Will guarantee satisfaction in every
the benzoil and and vanilla
to se years old. Also some Lemon trees on
case W,H. Mann, Manville- Putnam county, .
ries of compounds, are produced by stock.12-5-8 State price Box and particulars.1294, New Orleans CAYENNE, ABBAKAand GOLDEN Florida.: .9-I2-6

the cane but are entirely absent from QUEEN Pineapple Plants. All grown from
plants at our Modelo Park Pinery. OR Orange Buds on Sour Stock.
the beet. They are the result of the A GREAT BARGAIN.-I have GRAPE AND FRUIT CO., C. S. Van I WANTED. size and variety of buds, also
thousand each Villa Franca Lemon, ,Orlando FJa. II06LAMB'S ( I age and size of sour stock. E. H. Mote, Lees-
in which the
warm cane grows, Parson Brown Orange, Walters Grape burg, Fla. 1 ;.7-3
and are not produced by the sugar- few Marsh Seedless; Buds from a# to 4 ; SUMMER ORANGE TREES Tan-
rented be moved before
on ground must
of colder For 15th. Price nH cents; each-$10.00 grafts on two to four inch rough 80 000 NURSERY TREES FOR SALE
yielding plants regions. per Fruit
Write for stock; al o sour seedlings J{ to i inch eluding seedling Grape ,
the same reason the wine from the 11-28-4 particulars Weirsdale to M.E or Tampa J.D, Franklin, Mt. Dora, Fla. 11-14-4 Hart's and Valencia late,Pineapple, Dancy Tan
gerines, Budded Grape Fruit, Eureka Lemons
vines of Bordeaux is better than that Seedless Grape Fruit;all buds on 434 year oldGrape
POTATOES AT WHOLESALE NO Fruit stock. fine, reasonable.
Very prices
from the vines of Paris. SEED trees on sweet stock, Halt's Late. Dancy
Early Rose No. 4, Carmen BOWYER& STEPHENS Lakeland Fla. 10-108(
The writer of one of these letters Rural New-Yorker No. i. WILSON& A d Parson Brown budded low.
to sticks. Buds to fret high Limited
The Fertilizer of 4 7
after claiming for cane superior Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, In- TRUCKERS
t sugar Jacksonville, Fla. compete with Cubans in sup-
sweetness and greater efficacy in mak-- 10-10-10( plying Northern cities with Okra in the early
FOB 8ALE-Full-blooded Brown spring. Plant from now on to the tint of March.
ing preserves, alludes to the sweet per- .ers. Price,$1.00 each. 50 000 FIFTY THOUSAND IMPROVED Get my Early Smooth Green Pod Seed from the
Lawtey. Fla. R. Newnan Strawberry Plants for Steckler seed Co.,518 Gravier St.;Nevi Orld S.
fume arising from crude cane sugar in at $1.50 per 1000 by T. E. Blackshear,Thom. The only profitable variety for shipping. 'W.S.
comparison to the very nauseous odor TIOR EXCHANGE. Valuable ', Ga. 11-14-3 Reddick, BurasLa. < 11-14-6
.r Property. Want desirable,
which arises from beet sugar; and this Brick Hotel,furnished,doing good
alone he would enable Florida. Also, other Northe n properties.
says, anyone good Florida properties. Give
to distinguish cane sugar from beet su prices. Address Box 83,Station D, Ga.'I THE LAKElAND NURSERIES

gar with his eyes shut. The object of Property in or near

these few lines is to put out the cause WANTED which I will give city .

of the Even refined will Council Bluffs, Iowa. Address E. D.
same. sugar Mt. Dora, Fla.
c. M. 11 EARSH:
retain a certain minute amount of these .

aromatic: bodies which are not only RARE CHANCE-FOR Fruit Truck and SALE.Poultry A Farm ,

agreeable to the olfactory nerves, but crop. Desirably situated. Ten acres. "
Fruit and Poultry, 115 East Bay Street.
exert, as every one knows, valuableantiseptic and Retail Dealer In .

properties most conspicuousin CITRUS NURSERY

salicylic acid salicylol which be-
AU the leading varieties at Lowest Prices
longs to the same series; and if any ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet General
Rind St. Michael, Pierces' Ruby. Jaffa NurseryTHE Stoc
his of
one place nose over a large jar ple Majorca, Cunningham Homosassa .

sugar and perceives a disagreeable odor Hart's Late Pernambuco, Improved
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless<<: ..
:.he may be pretty certain that beet sugar Fruit, Satsuma, Tangerine and King .
is present.-T. L. PHIPSON, Ph. D., one year old buds, on four and five LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock
in Sugar Cane. bud dormant on contract to any varieties
> may desire. Fine Kumquat Budwood for
it estimated that Correspondence solicited. Address C. W. Lemon time and
Last year was 425 Villa Lake Nurseries., Fruitland Park Orange GrapefrUit Trees '

040 barrel crates of cabbage went forward Co., Fla. ,;

from the Gainesville district. -
A GREAT BARGAIN. Large We Make a Specialty of
This year, if the conditions shall be f favorable AT Large Stock. Will bear in a few
rieties true to name. J. L. Derieux,
from now on, at least 650,000 Fla. II SEEDLESS CiTRUS FRUIT TREES.

barrels of cabbage should be sent out.

last FRESH CAMPHOR SEED $i per quart. .
The price was $1.50 net year, trees 4 to 5 feet 50 cents each. '
but truckers do not anticipate more Godbey Waldo Fla. 11 SEE OUR LIST BELOW.

than $i net this year. The first ship- SEED COMPANY, Glencoe Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees, If fine trees and bed-
SOUTHERN. Seed and Fancy Poultry. prices will do it.- We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour
ment of will be made about
cabbage logue Free. Sweet and Rough Lemon seedling Boots as follows :

February 10, when all of the Northern '

stock will probably have been disposed d. STEEK1ER SEED ED., illtitt ORANGES.i '. ... ,, LEMONS. ..:. ;
of.-Citizen. Dancy Tangerine. .- Eureka(seedless) ,. ', i.t'" _'
MARY T. FROTSCHER, Satsuma (seedless) .. Belair Premium and Genoa. ','-4-'\;..;: '
Up to date the inning establishment Successors to King ... ;rf.
.Mandarin.: -, POMELO or GRAPEFRUIT -',
of M. L. McKinney & Co. have Richard Frottcher's Gravier Street Branch: King Tangerine.- ,>;, ..'.=.
Nos.518 and 530 Gravier St.,New and round Marsh Seedless.
Kumquats(oblong ) '
ginned; 460 bales of cotton. This is Importers and dealers in Flower Ruby Blood. o. ..' ; 0 Excelsior. "
from only one of the two gins running Garden Seeds. Grasses clover bulbs Joppa Late, (Seedless) Aurantlum (sweet rind) ,r .a 'If'-'"
tatoes and fruit trees in th ir season Pineapple ,, Halls'. : '.. ., .
Here. Lake Butler Bulletin. '
by relatives of the late Richard Frotscher. Valencia Late. r
.. through Richard Frotscher's manual of Brown, jr LIMES'Parson
It is estimated that from 500 to 800 send for one free. St. Michael Blood (paper. rind) Tahiti (seedless)
Sanford's *> '
Jaffa )
boxes of oranges will be shipped from FRUIT TREES Hart'a(Tardiff. (Sanford's). MISCELLANEOUS.

Apopka this season. The Norwell Centennial. '. Japanese Peaches, Plums, Chestnuts .and
PLANTS and NUT : Boone's Early. i Persimmon Trees. -
grove at Plymouth has about 500 Mediterranean Sweets, (Sanford's.) Strawberry and Pineapple Plants, etc. .
boxes of fruit which will be For Southern Orchards
shipped dens and Groves. No
For descriptive catalogue and price-list apply to '
from the latter station.-OJlando Re- Write for price list. .

porter. 9-26-25 JENNINGS ThomasTllIe NURSERY c. M. JMAJRSBC

?4Oelasnds P1a..

4 .





', ..
t'<, ti tii '
Jr. Ait

fi J ,

fLfI\ 7j4Pt \ .

;i G. M. SORREL, Manager.i' t A( .to'
The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as
follows : i.


Pier 35, North Rlver--5 P. M.
City of Augusta ...... .... ......................... ......................... Tuesday, Nov. 3
Kansas .. .............. ............ ....... ... .............Thursday, Nov. 5
Tallahassee .......... ..... .... ........................... ... .................Saturday,Nov. 7
City of Birmingham............................. .......... ......... .. Tuesday, Nov. 10
City of Augusta .................... ... ......... .......................... .. Thursday, Nov. 12
Kansas City .................. .................. ................. ........ .. Saturday, Nov 14 10 ion ..
Tallahassee ............ .......................................................... Tuesday, NOT. 17 ,
City of Birmingham. ...... ....... .... ................................... ..Thuisday, NOT. 19 ,
,E City of Augusta...... .., .... ............................................. ..Saturday, NOT.at
1 Kansas City... ................ ........................ ... .. .......... ..... Tuefday,Nov.u
Tallahassee ...... ... ,...... ........... ... .............. ............ ...Thursday,Nov 26 aA
City of Birmingham..... .................................. ............ ...Saturday, Nov. 28 : .,
G.M.SORRH1L. Manager, New Pier No.35, North River. '.


Nacoochee.. ................................................. ......................TuesdayNov.3' Finest Cvisineand Service. Xo
1 Chattahoochee .....,. ......... ... .............................................."Friday, NOT. 6 Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.
Gate City ..........................................................................Tuesday, NOT-10 The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers .
Nacoochee....................................................... ................Saturday,Nov. u : _<
Chattahoochee...... ...........,...nu................................ .....Wednesday, Nov. 18 "
Gate City.... ...................... ........._.................................. Saturday, NOT. ai "Comanche" (new), "ilgonpn, Iroquois "Cherokee "Seminole1
Nacoochee ............... ..... ...................... .. ........................:Thursday Nov.26 ,
RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents, Uwis'i Wharf. ."


Pier 39, Delaware Arenue.ETBAUEK Steamers are appointed to sail according to'the tide. JI

j : From JACKSONVILLE FLA. ( Charleston ......... ....... andThursdays.
of Macon .................,.... .... .... ... ... .... .... calling ), Sundays,Tuesdays -
City (freight ) Tuesday,NOT. 10
City of Macon (freight only}) ........ ,.............. ........ ...................... Friday, Nov. 20 Eroin.CHARLESTON, S. C., .................. ..... ...... ......... Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.For ,
+ City Macon {freight ). .. ...................... ........ ... .........Monday, Nov. 30 hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers.
M. C. HAMMOND Agent, 13 South Third Street. ,


Central ((00 Meridian) Time:-as below. Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows: .

Tallahassee... ....Tuesday, NOT. 3, 400 p.m. City of Augusta....Tuesday Nov. 17 3.30 p. m. CHARLESTON1, S. C., .......................................... Mondays, Wednesdays Fridays
City of Birm'gh'm..Ths'day Nov, S, 5.30p.m. Kansas City......Thursday Nov. 19, 4 30 p. m. For JACKSONVILLE FLA. (calling at Charleston) ............ .. and
City of Augusta.Saturday| Nov. 7, 7.00 p.m. Tallahassee! .. ...SaturdayNor.ai, S.3o p. m. Mondays. Wednesdays FridaysClfYOE'S
Kansas City .......Tuesday, Nov 10, 8.00 p. m. City of Birm'gh'm.. Tuesday,Nov 24 <9.00< a.m.
1 Tallahassee.......Thursday, Nov. 12. u.oo a.m. City of Augusta...Tnrsday,Nor,26, 8 TX p.m,
City of Birm'h'm.. Saturday NOT. 14. i.cop. m. Kansas City......Saturday, NOT.28, xi.oo a.m. ST. JOHflS 1 IVE lkIiE

((90 Meridian) Time-as below. DE BARY LINE.

Gate City....... Wednesday Nov. 4, 4.00p.m. Nacoochee.. .....Friday,NOT. 20, 6.00p.m. Jacksonville, Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
Nacoochee .......... Monday, Nov 9, 8.00 p.m. Chattahoochee.....Tuesday,NOT.24, '.oo p.m. Landings on the St. Johns ll IF f
... I ............ ver.
Chattahoochee. Thursday Nov. 12. n.oo a m. Gate City .Friday, Nov. 27, 800 p. m.
Gate City.,.. ...... Monday Nov 16, 3.00 p. tC. I The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer .


.((90* Meridian) Time-as below. CAPT. W A. SHAW,
I City of Macon..., Thursday Nov. S', 5.20 p. I City of Macon..Wednesday, NOT.25 840. a. m. Is appointed to sail as follows:
= City of Macon...... Sunday Nor. 15 i.oo a.m.1 I| Leave Jacksonville. Sundays: Tuesdays and Friday at 3.30 m.
Returning Leave Sanford................. .....Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 9 co p.a. m.
Jacksonville Florida. SOUTHBOUND. NORTHBOUND.
C.G.ANDERSON,AGENT. Savannah, Ga Read Down. SCHEDULE Read Up.

Leave 3 30 p. m ........................Jacksonville ............ ...... Arrive 3.30 a.m.
845 p m ................... .... Palatka.................... ..... Leave 9.00 p. m.
ESTABLISHED 11 3.00 a. m. ....................... ... .Astor..f................ .. 4.00 p. m.
W. A. BOU&S. 187S. J. B. BOU&S. 44 4.30 a m. ......... St. Francis......................... 8.30 m,
...... .... ..................... Beresford ...................... ...,. iti. 1.30 p.m.
Arrive 8.30a. m .............. .. .... Sanford............. ......._ ...... 9.ooa.m p.
; WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. 9.25 a. m.....n.................. .... Enterprise................... ...... 9.30 a. m.
........... ..... ......................So. Fla. R. R. Wharf................... It n.ooa, m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., JacksonvilleA.
Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers <

.J. COLE Gen.Pas.*nger Agent 5 Bowling Green '*ew York.
M. II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager s Bow ing Green. Mew York. t
all 'WV _T DA.-.r ST., jACKa ONVXLLBt P LA. THEO. O. EGER, Traffic: Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville: Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
r We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent,foot Hogan Street Jacksonville.Fla. .

} Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, WM. P. CLYDE fc CO., Gen'l Agents,
11 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York.

s Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. HEADQUARTERS- --FOR- ----HIGH- GRADE .


TggerI-Allen Pertilher Co. GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS
; ( _____ __
-- ,

Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH, ...Farmers and Traders! are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed

GUARANTEED AN ,YSIS. 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats, 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 35 cents per
I SULPHATE POTASH, pound;Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound

R Orange lERTIT.TY.1Ht.Tree: and Vegetable KAINIT Etc. P. F. WilSON, SEEDSMAN, :

These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. .
tadfbrCatsJoftt fret. ; GAINESVILLE: FLORIDA. .




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':f':'. GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the
; ", : J,
,' : requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in e
; strong handsome flags which don't rot.
raT"The cheapest brand for the quality in the
A market. Cottonseed Meal,,Tobacco Stems, Agricul
: tural Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. I II

; ; T. %::; INSECTICIDES.rfT '

,:: .... a '; -The .
__ old reliable EUREKA has never been ; ; ,;(
: } nperceded. It Is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the ; +r
1 fungus growth. _
A certaindestradkiontotheA1eyrodescitrwhiteF1yandother!(
ill- I-elL1IJL ) r
flatten I famillesofscaleataUperlodsoftheirdevetopmeat. Fatal to the J
Spider, and other inaccRs affcdting Pineapples and Vegetables. ; -
I a LLB' '


Rubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc.. A great variety of the best make, at ." ', j'I' /'// k
Manufacturers' Prices. \ f" wo-itf cow

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T E. BEAN Jacksonville Fla.

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: j- Asparagus in the South. as the growers call it, can be cut for yield increases until the third year, :Mr. L. J. J. Nieuwenkamp, proprietor -

: ,,'" marketing. The roots are put in the when a yield of $Iso to $300 an acre of the Lakeland bank states that
.' Shortly after the war a French gard bottom ol a trench twelve to eighteen is obtained. The crop is then certainfor during the past season he handled

ever'named Goblet came to Charleston inches deep. As they grow the earthis eight years. After that the roots! three times as much exchange, repre-

and began raising truck. He drawn about them until the trenchis get too near the surface and the fieldis senting returns from fruit and vegeta-

made money. He was the first to try.asparagus made a bed, or ridge, ten or four- plowed up and replanted."It bles (oranges excepted), as in any pre.

.:, ,getting his plants from France. teen inches high. The sprouts grow has been thought that the seed vious year. The trucking business

He met with wonderful success. He rapidly with the first warm weather.If deteriorates in this country and a new here in strawberries, onions, potatoes,
: brought from France two skilled gardeners frost is threatened a double plow is i supply is frequently brought from cabbage, beans, etc., is something

named Jounnette, who succeeded run on top of the bed and a thin layerof France. This is to be doubted, how enormous.-Tampa Tribune.

._ him in the vegetable business, and earth is thrown over the tender ever, and a number of planters are .
, have enlarged the gardens left.by Gob- sprouts. This protects them for a using native seed with excellent re- 4 It.
let. These Jounnette brothers now night, and they push their heads sults. H. F. Dutton & Co. have shipped
: own: the 'largest garden in between $50,000 and $ worth of
: asparagus through the earth by the following "The profits in asparagus now over- SSoo
the world, 250 acres, devoted entirely shadow those of all other vegetablecrops cotton during the past week.-Gaines
: to, the culture of this day."These ville Sun.
one vegetable. sprouts are cut every morn- because it has not yet becomea
As the profits on asparagus have been, ing. A knife made especially for the glut on the market. It is hardly '. ... ..

and probably will be for some years, is used to cut rather that it will bea
purpose or snap probable soon cease to A new $100,000 saw-mill is to be
quite satisfactory, they have made off the sprouts at their juncture with paying crop, as it demands a certain built in Jacksonville. The partiesown

fortunes. the root.. The laborers pick up the kind of climate and specially adaptedsoil. 115,000 acres of timber in Levy,

"The planting of asparagus is not sprouts, which are selected, carefully Besides these considerations, Alachua and Baker counties, and it is
,.. only the most profitable, but it is also clipped at the heavy ends to make when once planted it is sure of yield said they will hasten the constructionof

,. the most interesting of the truck crops. them even, put into neat packages, ing a steadily increasing crop for several the mill in order to save as much as
The seed is planted one winter and the tied up with ribbon and shipped. years, and an abundant productfor possible of the timber thrown down by .
roots are set out the. following year. "The first year an aocWill yield from six to ten years."-New York the tornado.
The third year the 'sprouts or'gms,' about $50 to $75 of sprouts. This Times. ;


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