Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00103
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: November 21, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00103
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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8. Powers, Editor. VIII. No. 47I

.- .

r v The Largest Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA.

: 1): Best Varieties and the
% RIGJIESTKnow the Plums (over 30 varieties, Wickson Red Juno Hale, White Kolney, 18 new
kinds). Peaches,(Sneed Triumph,Suber,over'70 varieties). Pears, Kaki Nuts,
,s .QUALITY... BEST T EES TO PhA1 fi. Grapes,Oranges, Lemons Pomelos Kumquats Roses,etc.

lOWEST ItiICES j We shipped more peaches from our own orchards this Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals
than all other growers in this section combined ....
.g FRE1G11T'and made big MONEY at it.

f. P/iEPAlO. Bity Trees Prom JWRSERMEN Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.

A handsome,65-pago Catalogue for ISJJG-W,with over 50 engravings. Gives
lb : WHO ME FRUIT GROWERS adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions;
ience in orchard and market with varieties new and old with full cultural in-

for the South. formation. ThisUpToDate

Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes,
Nuts Ornamentals Roses Etc. Etc. Etc. i' I Investigation into the Requirements of Florida Orchards. ..
15 Y { Experience and Experimenting In Growing Florida Fruits.
350: Varieties. A MILLION and Ind'-trees.. Over ::100 acres ears Extensive propagation of Trees for Florida Planting. o
No BETTER stock to select from. Nolte so LA11GE.
New Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations, 26 New Photographic Views, Free on


THE GRIPPING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny. G. L. TABEH, President. ,
A. H. MANVILLE, Secretary.
Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla.


W. W. HAWKINS& SONSAre handle no Commission Seed but receive direct from such well-known Seed

offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of lIDfI-97.! Growers as Ely, Landreth, Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc.
All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low Pkg. Oz. }f lb. lb.
and from Bearing trees. Cabbajje-Buist's Florida Header......................... .. ........ 5 20 t W f 2.(UO)
Cauliflower-Henderson's ...... ......... ........ 25 $2.50 '6.00 :20 W)
# VARIETIES, GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME. * tulon-llermuda. 5 20 40 1.00
Prices Low. Onion-Hermuda White...... ............................. .. 5 20 fiO IM
g .>Early Send postal Selections for Descriptive and Early Planting catalogue will to'V. prove the most, successful. Tomato-Livingstons. Any variety.. .............. .......... 5 20 H) 1.75

Georgetown Fla Write for price list. BURTON K. NAURS.
Jacksonville Fla.

The CQilinaakeeNploMda Orange Co. ,
Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in au experienceof
thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and intitules the following widely SATSUMA, TANGERINES, PARSON BROWN, ETC., ETC.

known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown,
a Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa, Majorca,Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise Seedless .;. .;. .;. .;. BUDDING WOOD.. + +
,Pineapple Ilomosassa,and Tangerine. Tardiff and King Duncan and Marsh Seedless -
Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superiorto Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.
the round Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor-
Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to
The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices.
.y' Milwaukee Florida Orange Co., 8Ul\11\IIT NURSERIES.D. iii:

DUNEDIN, FLA. Monticello Fla.

K ***GR..AFTED: :: PECANS*4(

From the choicest trees In Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and SOMERS The
Plums. Delicious Celestial<' Mulberries that bear four months. BROTHER & CO.
Fruits and Produce t' and
stocks one,two and three years old. All stock clean and healthy. Send for interesting -
catalogue. Receive and sell.In car load lots and smaller r Most
OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NURSERIES, quantities,Products ot the Orchard.CUrdenj
Dairy,Hennery and arm. r" Com
:' J. H. GIRARDEAU, Prop., Montlcello Fla. Send for our little book."Suggestlona to Shipper yak pieta
BeporU,Special Refcrenee,StenelU,etc.,all free.
Inquiries and Correspondence Invited. Estab.

:; GENUINE BERMUDA ONIONS.Our lishmentSouth.

tr.tfl II. U J
stock of this popular variety will be ready for delivery by October 1St. Beware of spurious .
Italian and California stock sold by northern houses at$2 to $2.50 per pound. r;R Send for Annual Descriptive
OUR SEED ARE GENUINE. 9 It newly contains issued and everything revised. Geo. S. Hacker & Son,
i needed by the Horticulturist
r I Manufacturers of
Both Varieties,White and Red,Packet S cents; K oz.15 cents; x oz; 25 cents; y lb.85 cents; t 1 and plant-lover.
I lb. $3.00 post paid.
Orchard, Window Lawn
\c" J' or Greenhouse. Largest;
;( collection to select from Purchase our makes which we guarantee
H. G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN, '; ;; in the South. superior money. to any sold South. and thereby save


tAe"eeODappUcat1on. -.' .JI1"': .

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-- ... .. .. .
BODY, from Factory at Wholesale Prices. 30 per cent.saved.
Guaranteed two years. Write at once for new beautifully Illustrated: /
M.fND 7 page Catalogue showing latest styles in large variety from a$10 cart to\\
Notice is hereby given of the intention of the most from
the undersigned to apply to his Excellency, .j,"4irU4.au1every I state. Highest awardsatWorldslFairgandAtl Exposition. "A" .tP
MORALS. Henry L. Mitchell Governor of the State of Write to-day. Catalogi rr... AILZAHCE CARRIAGE CO., 118 But Coirt 8u..., Ciielniatl,Ohio.
Florida for Letters Patent on the following
proposed Articles of Incorporation of the
COMPANY Jacksonville Florida in pur-
suance of Section 2125 of the Revised Statutesof
The thereto.the State of Florida and the amendments NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING.We .

Dated at Jacksonville Fla., this the third
Florida day of November A. D 1896.HAROLD have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour
WESTON and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having
ERNEST G. PHINNEY. been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.
Agricultural Following varieties guaranteed true to name:

Is supported by grants from the National and GRAPE FUUIT.
Government. All tuition free to all students OF THE A few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Size of buds
from Florida. Open to males and females. Orange. 3 to 4 feet. Price,SO and 75
Women board with families In town. Men ATLANTIC COAST & EXPORT LUMBER cents each.
board at College Mess Hall for $10.00 per BUDWOOD.
month. A most healthy location. College COMPANY.
surgeon attends all students free of charge. Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fali. budding. Prices will be reduced
Military discipline under a graduate of West in October on some varieties. For full particulars,
Point. Four courses of instruction -Agricultural addressHASTINGS & VVYLIE
Scientific undersigned hereby propose to associate ,
Mechanical and themselves together for the of
Women's. Superior equipment in Labora- purpose Interlachen, Fla.
being incorporated under and by virtue of
tories. Gives degrees of B.8.and B.
A. Business '
the laws of Florida,and adopt the followingas .
Course giving free, instruction in Pen- the charter. t
manshlp. Book Keeping Business Law Short
Hand, Type Writing and Telegraphy. Fall ARTICLE I.
Term opens Monday Oct.5th.181)8.) For catalogues The name of this corporation shall be the BUDDED
giving full information address "ATLANTIC COAST & EXPORT LUMBER 15,000 TREES
COMPANY,"and its principal place of buss
0. CLUTE, President, ness shall be in the City of Jacksonville in the
Lake City Fla. State of Florida. All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon

-. ARTICLE II. roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.

I fl.I' poration The business shall to be be the conducted buying by selling this cor-and Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropicaland

shipping of lumber and timber of all kinds. semitropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.

ARTICLE III. Catalogue on application.
} The amount of Capital Stock of this torpor

.. .... ........,.. b ..,......: 'II.-; I I ation divided shall into be five Fifty hundred Thousand shares Dollars of one to hundred be JOHN B. BEACH, Indian River Nurseries
<< dollars each twenty-five thousand dot ,
A Zoological Clearing House. lars of which shall be paid upon the issuanceof (Established 1886.)
Letters Patent by the transfer to said corporation -
We are not only fencing the animals in the leading of the lumber business now owned WEST PALM BEACH FLA.
parks but furnishing specimens when needed,and and conducted by the firm of II. Weston & ,
buying their surplus. In this way whole droves of
Co., including all machinery, lumber, crossties -
deer, elk and buffalo have changed hands and the
Page keeps right on holding them. contracts, accounts notes and all other
assets of kind and
every description belong
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian.Mich. ing to said firm or appertaining to said bus
ness. The remainder of said capital stock to JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD
be issued at such time as may be determined President. Vice President.
by the Board of Directors and paid for in H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD
: cash at its par value. Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
) 'y loridanvestments ARTICLE IV. CAPITAL $100,000.

,,111(15 The term of this corporation shall begin
with the issuance of tho Letters Patent and
OrangesOI1S continue for twenty-five ARTICLE years.V. ,

The business of this corporation shall >be JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, .
conducted by a President,a Treasurer and a
Secretary and a Board of three Directors. Respectfully solicits your Deposits,Collections and General
The Stockholders shall meet on the firs Business.
Monday in January A. D. 1897, and annually .
thereafter,at their General office in the City -
of Jacksonville and State of Florida and elect
Developments a Hoard President of three a Treasurer Directors., a Secretary and ;a Depositors offered every facility: which, their balances ';

Until the first annual election the businesof business and responsibility warrant.
the corporation shall be conducted by Harold -
Attractions Weston as President, Ernest G. Phinne: SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT '
FROM $5.00
as Treasurer and John II. Zaring as Secretary,
;_-;, Address and by said Harold W cstonhErnest G. Phin- PER YEAR, UP.DIRIIO'I'ORt9 .
ney and John H. .

CEIURAL PAS&INCCQ ACCHT.THETROPICALTRUNKLINE. The highest amount of indebtedness to ; |
which this corporation may at any time sub John L. Marvin, Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin,
ject itself shall be fifty thousand dollars. H. T. Baya W. M. Davidson, Judge R. B. Archibald
X ',4.; i.,..--Lt I Dr. H. Robinson. 1
.. JAi W rrhm r 7Aa ARTICLE VII. ]
The name and residences of the corporatorswho -- -- -- '"-- a
are subscribers hereto,are as follows:
( LIGHTNING; WELL, MACHTAMg.IMCA.1f HAROLD WESTON, Waltham, Mass. As evidence of Leon county's pros- a

JOHN ERNEST II. ZARIKQ PHINNEY,Jacksonville,Jacksonville Fla.,Fla. QUICK WORK perity we point with pride to the rapid

: W UrwOKK5, iRA r disappearance of ox teams on our

>U. CHICAGODAutA.TECU State of Florida (I M In selling and paying for Fruits and Vegetables streets. Only a few years ago nearlyall
County of Duval. } shipped to us is our motto. WE
Personally appeared before me, a Notary GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS our colored farmers and many
ffRRYSEEDS Public in and for said County and State, Harold FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER whites depended entirely upon these
Weston Ernest G. Phinney and John H. BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
Zaring, who, each for himself,acknowledged<< our 40 years experience without defaulting : horned animals to make their crops
that he is a subscriber to the capital stock of a dollar. Enquire as to our standing with and
the ATLANTIC COAST & EXPORT LUMBER and financial stability which any bank or on Saturdays the streets
Perfect saris grow COMPANY and that he subscribed his name to merchants having mercantile reports can would be lined with ox wagons and
the verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
foregoing proposed articles of Incorporation -
payingcroKi.| of said company.IN METHOD: WILL SATISFY YOU. Send carts. Now most of these same people
ate lMitgruu by i luuu'e. 1ulhJug
\ Lsf vf r K-Ii to i'111,11"In Ktt>w. WITNESS WHEREOF I have hereuntoset your name for our quotations. Stencil and drive nice-looking, well-fed horses.-
cards free. Letters answered.
Ing Fl"rrJ"+ c.'d... lit al..". bt'll my hand and affixed my official seal i promptly Tallahasseean.
themrverywhere. Write fur at Jacksonville Fla., this the Third i
day of November, A. D., 1896. FRENCH & CO., .-.-4-
SEED ANNUALfor __ __ Notary Public. 116 Warren St., New York. The Meadow Land Company has
located a two hundred and fifty horse
1890. Brimful of valuable t Dr. F. W. Inman will have about ESTABLISHED 1855.
boiler canal
Information about Ut uiid i*-wA power along on
cat Bmla. Frt-e by mail. 150 acres planted in tomatoes, al Orange Lake and a pump to corre
D. M. FERRY & CO..
Detroit Uich. though early in the season he had spond is now being moved from the

about concluded not to plant any. It Citra station. Everything will be

is indeed encouraging to learn what BRASS BAND ready to work in ten days, when it is

faith some people have in the prosper ments IntrnmenteDrumsUniform.Equip.for Bands and Drum Corps. Lowest proposed with this powerful pump,
The farmers of DeSoto will of the and prices ever quoted. Fine CaUloir.
county ity country, among the Illustrations,Mail df'''; it piws Band which will throw millions of gallonsof

meet at Arcadia, November 3d, to organize most enthusiastic Dr. Inman can be Music Instrnct'oi LYON A- IIEALY Amateur, Bands. water per day, to begin the drain

a tobacco growers' association. classed.-Bartow Courier-Informant. ....idasu 8U aa4 Habtth Aitue,CUao{ ,IB( age of Orange Lake.-Ocala Banner.



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Transportation. picked before full ripeness ripens up simmons. That is not an extravagant says in his letter: '"All varieties of
and matures its good qualities better price, but if I could be assured even kaki should be gathered when fully
I than peaches, strawberries, pineapples, that much I would stop my man from I grown and beginning to color. If
Transportation Japan Persim- grapes, plums, early apples or any grubbing up the trees and plant more gathered in a more immature state
mons. other fruit except bananas and some instead, and take a "rough and tumble than this none of them ripen up satis
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: sorts of pears. competition" in the markets. factorily. If left upon the trees after
You published my balance sheet ofa 3. A dozen years experience in That is the way a change in the this stage they ripen unevenly. This
shipment of Japan persimmons as shipping this fruit long distances ena- rates would affect me. applies to Tane-nashi as well.as to the
follows: 0 bles me to say positively that it can How would it affect the railroad other kinds. When gathered at the
be picked at such a state of maturitythat company? stage indicated the dark fleshed varieties -
to 10
crates packing, etc$ 4.00
will long distances and ripento Under the present rate, 8434 cents, i can be eaten before they soften,
Freight. . . 8.45 go
Dray . . .20 such delightful lusciousness as to they have got for carrying ten boxes but the light fleshed kinds should be
Commission . 1.37 delight the epicure. $8.45. At 30 cents per box there kept until they soften." .

Total . . $14.02Cr 4. This is an intimation that the fruit neighborhood would have been at least shipped boxes from and this Mr. S. A. Bailey, of Lawtey, who
by 10 boxes persimmons sold $13.75 shipment under consideration was of 150 has had several acres of persimmons
that would be balance in favor
such a character. The consignee $45; lor twelve or fourteen years, stated to
So I lost fruit and . .27 the railroad on account of reasonablerates
my found no fault with the condition of us that the Tane-nashi should be allowed -
Commenting thereon you give me the fruit and soon after solicited $36.55.How to become mellow on the tree
"sincere in whichno would it affect this commu- in order attain its best.
your sympathy" further shipments, and suggested no to He has
doubt you will have the company change. nity? picked them ripe and kept them on
and approval of the Florida Citizen. 5. There are "cloisters" and "horti-, The ISO boxes of fruit that have dry, cool shelves under his house until
Plant, Chipley & Co. will join you in culturists with refined taste" in the rotted on the ground or been fed to February, when they became almost
contributing liberal of "sin- poultry and pigs would have broughtin candied and
a amount North. There are epicures there with were exceedingly rich
cere sympathy," and probably add a pampered palates and deep purses and. $77.70 for the owners of the fruit, and delicious.Mr. .
lot of watermelon seeds as they have Japan persimmons can be sent them I and in addition most of the $60 E. G. Hill, of Lawtey, one of
sometimes done to other victims. in better condition than our strawberries charged for packing would be paid the oldest persimmon growers in the
You to have discovered noth- out to labor and for Florida boxes.
seem State
peaches or pineapples. agrees substantially with this
ing out of the in this transaction So much for this year, and that is .
way 6. This I deny in toto, and the fig- statement.As
except my lack of business capacity I ures of this shipment prove its falsity. not all. I have had men at work the to bananas, the improved varie-
which alone you blame for the loss of Those boxes with! the fruit wrapped in last week grubbing up persimmon ties are said to be best when gathered
my fruit and 27 cents. I paper and packed in moss contained trees, and all the persimmon trees before ripe, but the Orinoco or horse
In reaching this conclusion I around here (except a few for homeuse banana which is the
no about three pecks of fruit each. They principal varietyat
doubt your judgment will be sustainedby sold for an average of $1.37each, ), are being grubbed up or aban least of North and Central Florida,
the Florida Daily Citizen and by or at the rate of $1.83 per bushel. doned. No one but myself has ship- should be left on the plant until ripe
Plant, Chipley & Co. These persimmons went into a ped a single box this season, and I am and colored.

That you reached a correct conclu- "rough and tumble competition," anda sorry. 3. We said the Tane.nashi, after
sion as to my lack of sound judgment box containing three pecks sold for Such freight rates are suicidal to the being "ripened on the tree," will not
in shipping this fruit I dare not deny, as much money as a barrel of apples railroads and murder in the first brook transportation except for short
for I am fast reaching, if I have not containing eleven pecks. degree to our industry. distances. When a fruit is ripe it is
already reached, the conclusion that This fruit sold for a good fair pricein These facts you inadvertently omit- mellow; when the Tane-nashi is mel-
any man who will go into or remainin a "rough and tumble competition"in ted in your comments. low it is very mellow, so mellow that
the business of growing any fruit a market glutted with fruit of various Yes, I am convinced you are right in the unit itiated frequently consider it
or vegetable crop in Florida with our kinds. attributing to me lack of judgmentand rotten; and we repeat that, in this condition
present transportation facilities does They sold for $1.83 per bushel. business capacity in trying to ship it will not brook transportation.We .
lack sound judgment and is entitled to Who got the money? fruit under present conditions.Yes have carried many a basket of
much "sincere sympathy." That point you inadvertently omit- you discovered and correctly i them from the orchard to the house
While I will not question the correctness ted to notice.I pointed out my disease, but you abso- when fully ripe, and even this was
of your belief in my lack of paid 8434 cents freight on each lutely failed to detect the true cause. about all they would stand.
business capacity I flatly deny the box containing about three pecks of DUDLEY. ADAMS. We said "both this (Tane-nashi)
correctness of the premises on which fruit and weighing about sixty pounds.A Tangerine, Fla., Nov. 7, 1896. and all other varieties, if shipped
your belief is founded. You say: common freight car will carry Our correspondent says "nearly all North in an immature condition, un-
First-There is one variety of them 500 such boxes without overloading, the great number of varieties in culti less kepi with patient care and thoroughly
the seedless. and that would give the sympatheticMr. vation are seedless." This we ripened, would not compare with the
Second-It requires to be ripenedon Plant $422.50 for hauling one "flatly deny." There is no higher magnificent apples and pears, etc.,"
the tree to develop its remarkable car from here to Washington.You authority in Florida than :Mr. Geo.L. and we say it again, except that we
qualities. inadvertently failed to notice Taber. His catalogue for 1896-7 would substitute the word "unripe"for
Third-It will not then brook trans- that. mentions eleven varieties, but not all "immature," as we do not suppose
portation except for a short distance. I have given a good deal of time to of them are fully described as to this that :Mr. Adams would ship immature
Fourth-If shipped North in an I studying the actual cost of transportation point.We secured the informationfrom fruit to the North. An unripe per-
immature condition, etc., etc. : by rail and I know what I am him as to the rest in a personal simmon is either astringent under the
Fifth-It is a fruit for the cloister, talking about when I say that such a letter, and from the two sources we skin or else hard and sickishsweetafruit
for the horticulturist who has a refined car can be hauled from here to Washington quote, word for word : Costata,seeds fit for pigs and boys. Commis-
taste. for $120 and give a very large occuring seldom; Hachiya, sometimeswith sion men whose floor space is of value
Sixth-It is not a general market profit to the company. seed; Hyakume, seedy; Okame, do not want to be.bothered with a
fruit at all to be sent into the rough That would be 24 cents per box. has several seeds; Taber's No. 23, few boxes of persimmons standing
and tumble competition with apples Allowing 25 per cent additionalfor seedy; Taber's No. 129, seedy; Tane- around waiting to get ripe.
and pears and oranges. my smaller lot and my freight bill nashi, seedless; Tsuru, few seeds; 4. We intimated nothing as to the
There! I do not see how it would be would be 30 cents per box instead of Yeddo-ichi, seedy; Yemon, usually a character of Mr. Adams' fruit. We
possible to crowd more errors, inaccuracies 8.134 cents. Then my balance sheet few seeds; Zengi, seedy. Mr. Taber simply stated general facts.
fallacies and misconceptionsinto would be: says in his letter, in reference to 5. :Mr. Adams says persimmons"can
the same space than that. DR. Tane-nashi: be sent them in better conditionthan
. 1St. This conveys the impressionthat 10 crates, wraps, packing, etc $4.00 "Tane-nashi is often listed as 'seed our strawberries, peaches or pine-
the, great bulk of Japan persim- Freight . . . 3.00 less.' It is the best of the light apples." This we "flatly deny," as to
mons are seedy, but there is "onevariety" Drayage. . . . .20 fleshed, or seedless kinds, and one of strawberries.have personally been
Commission . . 1.37 %
that is seedless. As a matterof the very best varieties of this fruit.It shipping these eleven years, and time
fact nearly all the great number of Total . . . $8.57CR. is a seedless kaki, but could not be and time again, when sent in good re-
varieties in cultivation are seedless properly referred to asx' seedless frigerator boxes or cars, they have
and no intelligent horticulturist would Persimmons sold . $13.75 kaki,' as there are other seedless var- brought back word from the commis
for a moment think of putting a lot of Total net for 10 boxes persim ieties." sion men that "they looked as though
seedy fruit on the market. mons . . $5.18 2. We said the Tane-nashi requiresto they had just come off the plants."
2. This is wide, very wide of the This would give me 51 8-10 cents be ripened on the tree to develop 6. We said the Japan persimmon"is
truth. The Japan persimmon when per box net for my ten boxes of per its remarkable qualities. :Mr. Taber not a general market fruit at all,"



and we say it again. :Mr. Adams has Grove Orchard.The $5.00, with three other varieties Letter From Washington..
tried it for twelve years, and is grub i$ quoted, the highest of which was Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower:

bing up his trees. Mr. Bailey says he $3.00 to $3.50. On the 31st of July I Now that the election i is over and

f used to receive $8, $9 and $10 a box LeConte Pear us a Money Crop. the maximum price for LeContes was the settlement of the campaign issues

for his persimmons,and Mr. Hill stated $5.00, and the next highest variety has been followed by a general revivalof
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
that he had got as high as $12 for a The first shipment of LeConte (Bartlett) on the same day was $4.50 business, it is likely that Florida is
box, but both gentlemen said that the from G. L. Taber's Glen St. Mary: orchard maximum. On August 2d, LeContes on the eve of better times than she
novelty of the fruit is gone and it will $3.50, maximum ; Bartletts the same. has been for years. Good times up
this sold
season, ((1896)) on June
north will the numberof
surely multiply
no longer pay expenses, and they are 29th, and netted $4.25 per barrel. On August 7th, LeContes $3.50,
tourists and also of investors.
giving their orchards no attention. Is Clapp's favorite the same. ,
The last sold
shipment on August 3rd
that "a general market fruit" which, and netted $1.66 barrel. The en- Just here I wish to call attention Some of us are selfish enough to hope
after being tried for twelve or fifteen tire crop from this orchard was sold in I to the unfair manner in which I have that this_|svinter will thin be blooded hard enoughto

years by the most skillful horticulturists N. Y. City and netted right throughon ;allowed LeConte to be handicapped in compel many Yankees -
hunt homes in Florida. A
of Florida-yes, even by the Presi-- everything shipped an average of i making these comparisons. Wherever -
ident of the State Horticultural Socie $2.34 per barrel.In I any other variety has been quoted forty-mile blizzard at zero, or lower,
in that direc-
ty-now makes a complete fizzle, and the of this orchard I in the lead I have taken the maximum is a powerful persuader
1893 product
the trees are condemned to the axe and : figures for that particular variety on tion.The
netted about barrel. In
the ? $2.50 per 1894, wide-awake officials of the Ag-
grubbing-hoe i that day. These warieties include
$2.20 per barrel. 1895 was an "off ricultural Department continue to put
We said nothing about transpor- : Bartlett, Clapp's Favorite, Seckel,
7. year, in market for pears of all kinds; in good work for Florida whenever
tation rates, for we did not care to the fruit from this orchard netted less Louise Bonne, Beurre Bosc, Howell, they can. The book issued last
the "Plant Chipley Flemish Beauty Bell, Catherine, Jar- year
charge elephant, than in previous years, but we had the I spring, which is probably the most
& Co.," with the murder of the puny, satisfaction of knowing that LeContessold gonelle, etc., while varieties listed as interesting and instructive annual report -
sickly kaki. The transportation rates 1 common kinds, near by,' are too far
well with other
as compared varieties the Department has ever sent
were probably made on the principleof fruit behind to be in the race.
of and that
pears, our out has a large devoted to
"charging all the traffic will bear, brought top prices for LeContes.It I find that LeContes started this Florida, and the illustrated articles on

and were based on the $8, $10 or $12a will be remembered that under I season ((1895)) at a maximum price of the orange and pineapple industriesare
box which the fruit used to bring as and that for thir-
$5.00 on June 28th,
date of Sept. 9th, 1895, Mr. G. L. Tab well worth reading.Not .
a novelty and a curiosity. Now, of ty five consecutive days the maximum
<:r wrote an article (which appearedin long ago, the Department received -
when the fruit is about to give
course follows Four
prices were quoted as :
the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT from Queensland, Australia, a
up the ghost, these rates are absurdlyout days at 5.00 one day at $4.00, six
GROWER for Sept. 21st, 1895)) on the variety of orange for which the Au-
of proportion. According to the days at $3.50, four days at $3.25, two
LeConte as a money crop, in whichhe stralians claim great things. They
real value of the fruit for mar-
days at $3.00, three days at $2.50,
gave a resume of the prices obtainedfor say, in fact, that it is the best orange
ket purposes, the rates ought to be LeContes as compared with other I five days at $2.25, three days at$2.00, grown on that continent. The Brit-
about ten cents a box. one day at $1.75, and six days at
pears, taken from the official Price ish contempt for brevity is shown in
As to high rates, the strawberry Current of the New York Market and $1.50. The first quotationby the name which they have given it-

growers pay $2.56 a bushelin extending over three years. The following the barrel on any named variety "the Beauty of Glen Retreat." It is
refrigerator cars and $3.84a other than LeConte, was on July 23d,
quotations are taken from this I a mandarin, and the chances are thatit
bushel in refrigerator boxes by article : and the maximum price was$2.00, and will prove less susceptible to cold

express, and do not make half as I find LeContes first quoted in for thirty-five consecutive days up to than some other varieties, althoughthat
much fuss about it Mr. Adams does September 4th the maximum prices on
1893 on June 19th at $6.00 per barrel is a point yet to be tested. The"Beauty"
over his few boxes of persimmons. other than LeContes were as follows :
and for forty seven consecutive days is being propagated in the
They some for their fruit Four days at$3.00, four days at $2.75, ,
get money ; the maximum prices quoted on Le- Department's orangery, but is not yet
they pay their rates and say nothing Contes ran as follows : two days at ten days at $2.50, seven days at$2.25, ready for distribution.Your .

about it. If they do say somethingabout $6.00, five days at $5.00, fifteen daysat and ten days at $2.00, which figuresup readers doubtless rememberan

it they send a man to the railroad I $3.00 to$4.50, twelve days at$4 oo, an average maximum price of$2.39, important suggestion by Mr. W. A.

headquarters in Jacksonville or I six days at $3.50, and seven days at and leaves LeConte 51 cents per bar- Taylor, Assistant Pomologist, which
their consignees to do the same rel in the lead. We have only thirty-
get $3. I find that for the same year the appeared in your columns some time
for them in New York. By this first quotation for any other specified five days of quotations on other varie- after the last big freeze, to the effect
straight forward business-like method ties up to September 4th, but if we in-
variety was on July 28th, and its max- that orange trees might be made to
they secured a reduction from ten clude the last week of low quotationson
withstand cold
mum quotation on that day was $3.50 considerable by being
cents a quart to eight cents in refrigerator and that for forty-seven consecutive LeContes from August loth to 17th, propagated and repropagated under

cars. days the highest prices named for any and make the average comparison the certain conditions, thus materially

Did Mr. Adams ever visit a railroad other variety than LeContes ran as same as above, we still find LeContein diminishing the damage done by the

general office and seek to get a reduc follows : ten days at $4.50, nine daysat the lead on average maximum" freezes which, in all probability, will
tion of rates? or does he content himself $4.00, two days at $3.75, six daysat prices for the entire season to date continue to visit Florida from time to

( with throwing paper balls at long $3.50, two days at $3.25 twelve daysat (September 9th). In consideringthese time at intervals. This idea is worthyof

range? We ask lor information.P. $3.00, one day at $2.75 and five daysat figures, it should be borne in the attention of the brightest mindsin

S.-In justice to Mr. Taber we $2.50. By figuring this up I find mind that 1895 was a year of low the State, and it would be interesting

should say that he prefaced his letter the average maximum price for Le prices for pears of all kinds, in fact to know what Messrs.: Dudley ,'V.

thusVe: have not yet read Mr. Contes for forty-seven days from the : was an off year for fruit of all"kinds, Adams, E. H. Hart and other expert

Adams' reference to persimmon ship- time they were first quoted to be$4.14 so far as prices was concerned. horticulturists think of the plan.

ments, nor, in fact, your comments to and the average maximum price on any The period of uncertainty as to the As one means of proceeding in this =

which he replied; so, in answeringyour other variety for forty-seven days from market value of the LeConte has direction, a scheme has been mention.ed .

questions you will know that we the time they were first quoted to be passed. It has an assured place as a by a prominent official of the Ag-

have done so without endeavoring to $3.55, a difference of 59 cents per market staple, and, when shipped at ricultural Department, which seems
make a point in this connection." barrel in favor of LeConte in the aver- the proper time and put up in the promising. It involves the sendingof

. age maximum quotations for forty- right way, can be depended upon to one or more pomological experts to

We are informed that the Plant System seven consecutive days after the differ net a fair profit. The generally accepted -i Eastern and Southern Asia for the

has furnished its agents with blank ent kinds came into market in suffi-- lesson of the "big freeze" is purpose of securing hardy orange and

forms for making out claims for stock cient quantities to be quoted by the to diversify our production. In cast- other fruit trees, together with all

killed, and the agents will willingly as- barrel. These figures also show that ing about for other fruits than oranges, available information as to their cultivation -

sist such of our people as have com- for twenty-two days of the forty seven for fruits that will pay, and for fruits I etc. The shores of the Med-

plaints of this kind to make.-Suwannae LeContes sold as high, or higher that involve no frost risk, the LeCon' iterannean have been thoroughly ran-

Leader.P. than the highest received for any other is worth considering, throughout the i sacked to replenish the groves of

.. variety when at their highest, and that wide area in this Slate where the Le Florida, but as yet little has been_done

P. Bishop, of Citra, has been the highest quotations on LeContes Conte is a heavy, sure and regular I to explore the rich pomological treasures

North trying to form a joint stock com- exceeded the highest quotations on any bearer. of Asia. In China, and especial.

pany to restore the orange groves in other variety by $1.50 per barrel. A. MANVILLE, ly in Japan, fruit gardening has been

which he is interested in Marion coun- In 1894 there was a larger differ- Secretary Glen St. Mary Nursery Co. followed for ceturies with a patient

ty. He was told to postpone opera- ence in favor of LeConte than in the Glen St. Mary, Fla., Oct. 31, 1896. skill unknown among other peoples,.

tions until after the election.Metrop- preceding year. In 1894, LeContes ... and strange stories are told of the

olis. We suppose if Bryan had been started at $4.50 to $6.50, and on July For weed that to seed in I cunning ways by which these slant-

elected the orange trees would have 9th were quoted at $5 oo to $7.00. your garden every you will have goes to destroy a I eyed horticulturists manage to almost

stopped growing.-Ocala Banner. On July 18th LeContes were $4.00 to hundred next year. totally change the form and habits off




certain trees, and by many it is be- dry pear, and by some is best liked in Fatmer&Ttrueket wider than usual, but you will find it
lieved that the Mandarin and Kum- that condition. Coming into the mar- gives all the better crops the wider

quat oranges were evolved in this ket several weeks after other melons they are. In setting the plants the .
manner.It have disappeared, the Turkestan mel- Asparagus. crowns ought to be at least four inches

has been estimated that $1 0,000 on seems to be a valuable acquisition, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: lower than the general surface of the

would be amply sufficient for such a and as seeds have been sent to par- The culture of asparagus is far too ground. The second year after plant

purpose, and the results could hardlyfail ties in Orlando and other points, its much neglected throughout the Southern ing the bed should get in the winter

to be of far reaching benefit to the merits will be fully tested in Florida States, and when we consider the (say January) a top dressing of bone

country. A prominent fruit growerof next year. adaptability of the soil and climate for phosphate, worked well in the soil

Florida, now in Washington, to .:Mr. William Saunders of the Agri- its successful production we cannot with a harrow, applied, if possible, be-
whom this scheme was mentioned, de- cultural Department, the famous authority help being somewhat surprised that fore rain, and the .following autumn

clared that it was worthy of being tak-- on trees, who will always be this should be so; but I presume one six to ten hundred pounds of kainit

en up and pushed by private enter- remembered as having been the first of the t reasons for this state of mattersis and every fall after it comes into bear-

prise, and that he, for one, would to introduce camphor-growing in that a great many of the Southern ing a liberal supply of kainit shouldbe
contribute to the cause. The indica- Florida, is watching the developmentof farmers and truckers are under the impression applied, increasing the quantity

tions are, however, that Congress will the new industry with great interest: that it is of very difficult production yearly as the bearing capacity in-
be asked to make an appropriationfor and expresses his confidence in its ultimate requiring extraordinary rich creases. Every winter 5 some nitro-
it. success. He is equally confi-- soil and a peculiar mode of treatment genous fertilizer should be added-

Florida pineapples are prime favor- dent, however, that Florida is not to all its own. This is quitfiju*erroneous nitrate of soda one year and cotton-

ites in Washington, as they are boundto be considered as a possible. .-idea, for-ifis one of the easiest handled seed meal the other year. This alter-
be wherever they become known. source of rubber uJuiTTTon. He does and at the same time one of the nates mineral and vegetable fertilizers,

. Mr. F. H. McCarthy, who manages a not believe that even the southern most profitable crops that any one can which tends to an increased yield,
fruit store near the Treasury, and who most portions of the State are warm make. The old idea of digging four and with the liberal quantities of
deserves special credit for his success enough in winter to make thrive the feet deep trenches and filling them up kainit, to a superior quality. I mightsay
ful efforts to introduce and popularizefine trees which produce commercial rub- with all sorts of rubbish (old shoes and in passing, when it gets to be ten

Florida productions in this city, ber, as they are of strictly tropical na scrap iron included) is all exploded years old or so if it is still thrifty and
says that the advent of the Orlando ture. i long ago All that is required is to make healthy a ton of kainit every autumnis

and East Coast pineapple means that In closing, the writer would like to the soil as rich as possible, and to haveit none too much for every acre. Dif--

the foreign fruit has got to go. The add a word of appreciation for the in as perfect a condition, physically,, ferent individuals have different ideasof
pines grown by Mr. Van Houten and able and active work which the FAR- as it is possible to make it, always to the treatment it should yearly get.

others, of Orlando, have been ticklingthe MER AND FRUIT GROWER has carriedon be sure that there is plenty of humus Some leave all rubbish and grass and
for other fertilizers work weed growths until spring, but I believe
palates of Washington's 400 to "through good and evil report, there to up.
such an extent that they will not look through dark days and sunshine, on. The best bed of asparagus I ever in burning all that off along in

at the imported apples. Mr. Van fighting moss backs, razor backs and saw was on the site of an old pig pen November just before applying the
Houten's fruit comes packed carefully roorbacks, and putting in telling efforts that had been used as such for quite a kainit, and then the bed is ready for

in excelsior, ten in a crate, and for the State's best interest in every number of years. The old beddingand business whenever the first breath of
generally arrives in perfect condition. issue. The little Florida colony in the solid and liquid manure were spring is in the air. I omitted to say

The Smooth Cayenne seem to be liked Washington enjoys its weekly visits ; all mixed up and incorporated with that phosphate should be added to the

best, and the apples sell readily at the paper is passed around and Super- the soil, making it an ideal spot to soil a little every year, alternatingwith
from seventy-five cents to one dollar intendent Hancock of the Pension grow asparagus to perfection in. All bone phosphate and acid phos-

apiece, when weighing six to eight Office building, who owns a place in the other fertilizing it ever got was phate. This should be applied in
pounds each. If growers will pay Polk county, after reading it, sends it about a bushel of common salt to January at the same time that the nitrogen -

strict attention to the quality of their down to his Florida home, where its every square rod of ground every fall)) is applied, but the main neces-

fruit, and see that it is well packed teaching can be put to practical use. One grand secret of the fertility of the sity for short, crisp and sweet aspara-

and quickly transported, Florida's Long may it live and prosper.L. bed was that hog manure is rich in gus is plenty of potash in the shapeof

growing reputation tor fine fruits will S. PERKINS. potash, and it showed it quite decidedly kainit. If this is applied yearly ina

spread until people will not want any Washington, D. C., Nov. 12, 1896. on that spot, as the yield was systematic manner we may rest as-

other kind, in the line of semitropicalfruits. something enormous.In sured of profitable results.G. .

Banking Orange Sprouts. laying out land for asparaguslet K. :McQUARRIE.

Mr. McCarthy would like to intro Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower. ( the patch be large or small) the DeFuniak Springs, Fla.
duce guavas irto/ this market. This first essential is deep and perfect .
DEAR SIR I believe in --* -
: banking or-
fine fruit has long been considered too plowing, and, if possible, get it well
ange trees, but sprouts if young and Potato Culture.-I.
admit of subsoiled so as to the lower
perishable to shipping long open up
full of last
distances, but perhaps the present cool sap, as they were year- soil strata to air and sunshine so as The Irish potato responds abnor-
of did until
weather might help out some in that many our sprouts not start to sweeten it. The soil should be ofa mally to deep: and thorough plowingand
respect. The large white and yellow August or September, 1895-are as sandy loam; heavy soil does not pulverization abnormally as
die from freez-
to banking as 'from
guavas which reach such a high degree apt yield so sweet and crisp an article asa ... to lead a few years since to the development -
In this those that had
of perfection in southern Florida ing. vicinity nice sandy loam does. In the vtrl by that distinguished agri.
and well matured last
need only to become known here in early sprouts beginning the land ought to be cov- cultural writer and experimenter, El-
saved while
order to rank with the best of peaches year many by banking, ered solid to the extent of two or three bert S. Carman, of the Rural New
those that and
and pears in popular esteem. Guava were young sappy inches with barnyard manure and six Yorker, of the "trench system," whichhe
and died
turnedblack: to ground
jelly has long been a favorite in the to eight hundred pounds of kainit per regarded as destined to completelysolve
when banked. In the
market, but scarcely one person some groves acre broadcasted over this, and when the problem of successful potato
stood the winter better where
among a thousand has ever tasted the sprouts banked. this is all plowed under and mixed culture. To those familiar with the

fruit 'Irom which it is made. Such a not with the soil it fills it with the essen- habits of the potato, this appeared
I think that dormant buds should be
state.of" affairs must not long continue. put in the last of October and through tials for an extra good crop of asparagus quite probable, though many, apparently .
The Turkestan melon is somethingnew year after year when it gets to misunderstanding Mr. Carman's
November until the bark will
in the market here. The speci not peel. bearing. After the land is well plowedand suggestions, have found fault with his
I have in buds the first half of
mens now being sold were grown in put subsoiled there should be added system, alleging that it calls for the
October and had them
Cuba and of course might have been start out sev- about four hundred pounds per acre construction of an open trench or
grown m Florida just as well. It is eral inches, or grow over so that of a fertilizer containing six per cent "ditch" from five to seven inches deep

somewhat smaller than the ordinary they would never start, or not until potash, seven to eight per cent phos- and from twelve to fifteen inches

canteloupe, green and smooth outside, very late next season. I am puttingin phate and three per cent nitrogen. wide, the bottom well pulverized; that
dormant shall
buds and
of a conical shape, tapering toward now, not This should be harrowed in and the the seed pieces are to be planted on
bank until in December.W. .
the blossom end. The flesh is of a my sprouts land rolled or smoothed well over in this bottom and covered some two
pale greenish tint, but of a peculiar, Grove Park Fla. H.Nov. 16 some way. With all this preparationwe inches deep with soil, upon which the
delicate flavor, and more richly sweet are now ready to plant our roots.I fertilizer is applied and the trench

than the ordinary muskmelon, and is .... would not advise any one to grow filled. Such is the popular idea ofMr.

quite eatable to within a quarter of an The Tampa Times states that to- their own roots from seed as two-year- Carman's "trench," and the pub-

inch of the outside. Its keeping qual- bacco seed is getting scarce in Cuba, olds can be got very cheap from deal- lic so impressed hold (and justly,

ities are remarkable, and it is said and that the Spanish government is ers, and this saves at least two years' were it true) that a "ditch" of these

that even after it begins to ripen, itcan importing it for the planters. The Ft. time. In laying off the land for plant- dimensions could not be constructedby

be shipped a long distance. Before Meade Cuban Tobacco Company, of ing it should be checked three by the plow or any other known implement -

.it is tully matured, the flesh has Polk county, were fortunate in secur- three feet or three and a half by two or machine, and the work
the consistency of a ripe, but rather ing 500 pounds. and a half. This is considerably would hence have to be done entirely



-- -- -



who get best returns, use our get their truck to market first, use

Strawberry Special Fertilizer. "The Ideal Fertilizer."
Price $25.00 Per Ton.
For Making Perfect Shipping Berries. Price $27.OO.GUAKANTEED .

Ammonia...,.............................................. 4 cent.
Phosphoric .cid ...........-..... ...................... f2to 9 per" <<** Moisture .......... ............ .. ............................ 10 Per to Cent 13
Equals Bone Phosphate of Lime ...................... 16 to 18 Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of
Sulphate l of Potash .. .......................... .... 6 to 8 and I I'ono.... .... '......... ....... .......Soda.......Blood...... 4X to 5tf
Equals Actual Potash..... .. ... .................... 3# to 5 .. A\'uilablol'hosAcidfromAcidPhosphateandDonc.. .. 4# to
Made from Nitrate of Soda Blood,Cotton Seed Meal, Bone, Acid Sulphate I of Potash.... ........ '"......... .........".".... 11 to 13 5tf
Phosphate and Potash Salts, Equivalent to Actual Potash........ ............ ....,...... 6 to 8
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda. Cotton Seed Meal, Blood
"BEST CROP IN TEN YEARS." Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

Messrs. Fisher & Powers: Lawtey, Juno 30th, 181)6:) This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitrogen

I used Wilson Toomer's Strawberry Special Fertilizer my strawberry crop, coming from three different ingredients is
about 1,200: >Ibs.to the acre,and from two acres shipped 150 bushels. 1 had the best ber- especially
rice the best plants the best yield of ton years. My pear trees on the same land are valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak
making a big growth. (Signed.) SIM HOGAN. ing The
growth. potash from sulphate of potash
Write for our Special Strawberry Circular, "How to Grow only.

Berries For Profit. Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced.We .

also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Write Us for Prices before Buying.

Azvxtvsoisr & TOOMBR
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton. ,


by hand, which would render it abso- should be put in before the subsoiling I II and it is probably true that the germs

lutely impracticable on account of the is commenced in order to secure thor- of the bacterium causing this affection Live Stock.Water .
enormous attached to suchan ough mixing the !
expense during process. are quite frequently conveyed by
"excavation. When the seed tubers are placed in it. At any rate it certainly harbors
It is true that the trenches con- position the simplest way will be to myriads of wood lice, which often- Hyacinths for Stock Food.A .

structed by Mr. Carman in his individual cover by a board on the end of the times complete the work of the "deep correspondent of this department,

experimentation, as detailed in his plow stock-a familiar and effective scab" by increasing the size and depthof :Mr. J. E. Eames, of Pomona, Put-

very comprehensive work on the Irish implement (for covering purposes) to the holes it produces in the tubers. nam county, has this to say in favorof
potato, were made by hand; but this most Georgia farmers. The board Land already rich in' humus or the water hyacinths as food for

was in the prosecution of an important should be run very lightly on one side vegetable mold from previous treat- hogs and cattle, and if upon well con-
test, and on a comparatively small of the furrow only, sifting in about ment with cowpeas is much to be pre- ducted experiments its adaptabilityand
scale. He is not to be undertood, two inches of soil, and just covering ferred. Such land, with the commercial value for such purposes shouldbe

however, in advising the public to un- the potatoes. On this side the re fertilizer recommended, should proven, it at once suggests a most
dertake "shovel work" in field cul maining fertilizer should be drilled and produce excellent results. potent method for ridding the navigable -

ture. Practical "trenching" as advo- the furrows filled with the board by Dividing the fertilizer-half under streams of what is now looked

cated by him for large areas, appearsto brushing in the undisturbed dirt on the before planting and half over at the upon as a dangerous pest. Mr. Eames
be merely a process of thorough sub. other side of the row. time of covering-appears to give better says:

soiling and opening out in which the FERTILIZER.The results than when applied eitherall "In addition to my own experience,

plow alone figures. Irish potato requires a com- over or all under, though under I have made some inquiries of parties

With this interpretation the "trenchsystem" plete fertilizer, but one very rich in application is preferable to over application who have been raising hogs on the
will find no lack of endorsers. potash. The formula succeeding bestat when all of the fertilizer is pul bank of Crescent lake and Dunn's

Two strips along the row with a turn this station has been found to be: in at one time.Strawberries. creek, where the hyacinths are very
plow throwing out the dirt to the right ...
Pounds. m. plentiful; they all report it as a number -
and left, followed by three strips witha High grade acid phosphate. 1,200 in South Florida. one article to grow hogs on, except

subsoiler, or long scooter, breakingthe Nitrate of soda . . 500 Editor Farmer and Fruit that they require grain for final fat-
soil thoroughly for ten or Muriate of potash. . 300 Grower: One j
For home use jt is not too late t to tening. party told me that he j
twelve inches, and the row subsequent. 2,000 plant a bed of strawberries. In fact had about thirty head which had not |

ly opened out by two strips with a wide This would analyze: in places where December and January had any grain up to a week ago, live j

shovel plow would not only prove feasible Percent. frosts occur it is likely to be an ing mostly upon the hyacinths, and i

but intensely practical, and while Phosphoric acid, about . 8.0 advantage as you will not lose the firstbloom. that they will average about 125 i
probably appearing to the average cultivator : Nitrogen, about . . 3.7 In pounds dressed each. They also
setting so late it is well report <
i Potash, about . .
a needless waste of good mule I 7.5 be more liberal with fertilizer so the it as an excellent feed for cattle.

power, would triumphantly vindicate This should be applied at the rate plant will get a vigorous start. Pinch I have myself frequently seen the cat

itself in the end, and substantially fulfill of 1,000 pounds per acre, costing per off all runners as soon as they tle standing in the creek eating the !

the requirements of Mr. Carman's ton about $26.40, half in the furrow On early set plants you may appear.allowa hyacinths as they floated past, and all
"trench. planting, mixing thoroughly few runners to take root and with looked sleek and in good order.-
No land that is not peculiarly adapted with the scooter furrows run while them fill up vacancies. In Florida State Monthly Bulletin.
to Irish potatoes should be employed subsoiling before the row is opened .
up some of these to a bed that i is .....
in their culture. It will not for planting with the shovel plow, and
always moist, but not wet, and plant t Raising Hogs in the South.A .
to to raise them the other half after
pay try on a poor, planting cov
them feet
two three
thin, stiff soil. Select a good, light, ering, but before the furrow is quite the by and reversing Southern reader asks if there need
loose, sandy loam, with a stiff clay filled up, thus dividing the fertilizer operation let the pinch off the blossomsand be any fear of overproduction of hogs
subsoil. Turn this in the fall or early equally above and below the seed. runners go to make plantsfor in the South for the next few years.

winterthoroughly subsoiling if possiblewith If the crude ingredients next year. If the first runners are We reply :decidedly in the nf gative.
specifiedare slender them
pinch off
two mules. It is better to break not all obtainable the they When a good pure bred hog is placed
proportion come out thick and vigorous. In
with one animal and subsoil with two of plant food be in competition with the typical razorback -
practically will
than to reverse the if three may way you keep up the vigor of there can be but one result. If
process, supplied by taking any good, your stock plants. It is so unsatisfactory the
animals are available.At standard supply of such. hogs in the South
high grade
commercial fertilizer
to send away, even ten miles for
planting time harrow and well were doubled within the month it
analyzing some 8 percent phos- that the
plants will
operation be found
pulverize the surface soil. would serve to create a demand and
Layoff phoric 3 per cent nitrogen, and I profitable.
the market could handle it with
as previously indicated. ease.
i per cent potash, or more, and to This November
14, we have com The Southern cotton farmer is
the second shovel furrow is run the each ton adding staggering -
pounds muriate
menced to Irish
trench will be about four or five inches of potash. If muriate cannot be obtained dig our potatoes and along under the pressure of
deep and ready for planting, soft and conveniently 1,000 pounds kai-i- shall about plant November strawberries on the ground hard times, when his land might be

mellow to a depth of six or seven inches init may supply its place follow the strawberries.25. Sweet corn will utilized to the very best advantage in

more. The fertilizer (or half of it, Stable manure is not advised. It producing gilt-edged marketable pork.
described under the A. L. R. To our mind, there is no better
as next I
1)) has generally been conducive to scab, Lake County. way
for the Southern farmer to utilize the

-, -- '- '- -- --> --- .. .. .- .. --.----' ---- .
> -- -
--- -

. . '0 ..._ '_ ._ .. __ _. ._n _.' _'. 0__ _. ___ -__. .- _.

r .
advantages he has naturally at hand Breeds for the Farm.It over' to breed from; and the laying

and which are quite often going to is conceded that the best hens are qualities can be improved by setting Potatoes
waste. If preferred, two or three could those which have ample room to for- only eggs from hens that are known tobe
club together and buy a select boar, age, and that the breeds best adaptedto the best layers. On some farms ,
and thus grade up their herds quite farms, where the farmer is too busyto where this course has been followed i Tomatoes Melons
economically. The difference would after the fowls have Cabbage,
give his hens attention, are the Mi- year year, greatly
be noticed in the next litter of pigs, norcas,Leghorns and Hamburgs. Theyare increased in size, and rival the Leghorns Turnips, Lettuce, Peas, Beets,

and their superiority will create a demand just the active foragers for summer, and Hamburgs in egg production. Onions, and all Vegetables, re
for them at fair prices in your and able the shareof .
are to pick up larger
of Potash
move large quantities
immediate vicinity. Good pork can their food. In fact,if the grass and "In one case, which came under my
always be depended on to bring a good insects are plentiful they will need observation, in five years from the time from the soil. SupplyPotash
price. Look into this matter, it will nothing at all from their owner. In when the improving process com-

bear investigation-dolman's Rural the: winter, however, they must be menced,the average egg product from
World. kept very warm, the Hamburgs being the hens had increased one-third, and
tender,and the combs of the Leghornsand the average weight in the same pro-
Poultry. Minorcas being liable to the effectof portion. In that time no 'fresh blood' in liberal quantities by the use

severe cold. Cochins, Plymouth I had been introduced into the flock; of fertilizers containing not
------------------------------------------------ the
Rocks, Urahmas Wyandottes are improvement was wholly due to
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY Apopka Fla. more contented where the area over Food, care and the selection of the less than 10% actual Pot-

u which they can forage is restricted,and best each year. Of course, the same ash. Better and more profit-
A Useless Fad. they can stand the long winter well; results could be reached in two years able
Ever since made the "dis- with but the yields are sure to follow.All .
Jacobs but if the farmer expects large num- thoroughbred roosters,
covery" and published it to the world, bers of eggs in summer, these breeds woman who had these hens didn't xriment about on Potash-the the best farms results in of the its Unite actual Statesistold ex.
the poultry journals and agriculturalpress will not compare with the Leghornsor have the thoroughbred roosters, nor in a little book which we publish and will gladly
nail free to any farmer in America who will write for it.
have teemed with articles com- Minorcas. If the average number the money to buy them, yet she went GERMAN KALI WORKS, '
mending the use, and even necessity of eggs for each breed for a whole ahead and did the best she could with 93-Nassau- St.,New York.-
of pounding up glass, crockery, andso year can be computed, it will be found the fowls she had, and her best was
for fowls.Ve always looked that there is not a difference of ten very good indeed. It is a fact that FAIRVIEW PINERY.
upon this as a comparatively harmlessbut eggs a year in all the breeds. The location the third winter after her work of Improvement -
absolutely useless fad. It has of the farm will have an influ- commenced, her hens laid .Choice
enabled publishers to fill up space and ence. When a farmer selects a breedhe more eggs than any other flock in the .
perhaps has afforded healthful but should not look for the "best breed," neighborhood, and there were some
otherwise useless exercise to credulous as it can never be found, but for the thoroughbred flocks among her neigh- Pineapple
people. This stuff is fed to fowls, best breed for the kind of farm he has. bors."If
not as food, but as grinding material. Adapt the breed to the farm,or rather size be your object, select your PlantsSmooth
Nature generally knows her business, take the breed that is believed will do largest common hens and mate them __-
and consequently has provided food better on that particular farm than any with a rooster of some of the larger -0 FOR f3AI.I1. 0-
for birds, both with and without gizzards other, and the results will be much breeds; if you desire a better egg pro. -
while in the wild state in which better than to seek the "best breed," duction, select the hens you know to
!II! Home Grown !II!
they were thrust upon the world, andif as it may prove a failure because not be the best layers; and for any other Cayenne
pounded glass or comminuted the most suitable for the purpose.P.H. special purpose, select males that pos- .
breakfast plates had been needed for JACOBS in Farm and Fireside.We sess the qualities.which you desire.
digestive purposes these would have are surprised to read the above Chickens from these crosses will be ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.
been provided also.Ve have had the "half blood," and much superior to -- 4
statement as to number of eggs
some experience with fowls on several laid per year by the different breeds, common fowls. The next year mate F. N. PRICE,
distinct (formations; on the gulf coast the half breed pullets to cocks
from noted pure
coming so a poultryman as P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.
sands where the only grinding mate. Mr. Jacobs. How does it agree with and keep the best of the pullets from
rial obtainable was comminuted shellsor the experience of our readers? this cross for breeding stock the third

calcareous concretions, as fragileas year. HOME GROWN
the grains of corn they are sup. To Improve the Common Hen. ""In this way always keep your best ,
posed to grind; on the free stone for- hens and pullets each year, and by
mations further north, where granite Mrs. Ida Tilson, in her talk on using only thoroughbred cocks you Pineapple Slips
pebbles and ferrous modules and flint poultry at the Minnesota Farmer's In. will in a few years have a flock of
sand abound; on the white rock formations stitutes, has done a good work in stim fowls, that for all practical purposes, and SuckersOf
of North Texas, where calca- ulating the interest in this important will be just as good as though you had
reous and water-worn pebbles and branch of agriculture and by giving started out with thoroughbreds." the Following Varieties

miscellaneous debris prevail, and under intelligent directions to efforts at im .
any or all of these conditions the proyements. Telling the farmers' J. F. Oberry left on the 7th inst. FOR(!) SALE:
of digestion seem to work with wives how to improve the common
powers with a hundred beef cattle for Moody
hens found the farm she ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN
equal vigor and efficacy. No whereare usually on & Henderson of Tampa, to drive
fowls less affected by weakness of says: them through the country. The rail- QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY
the. digestive apparatus than on the "The common hens are of all the roads charge the cattlemen $24 a car QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-
Galveston sands, where nothing very shapes and colors that fowls ever to haul them over the Plant System, NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH.
hard or sharp is obtainable. We grow, and they are usually neglected,
very and they claim that they can drive Apply to .
have recently had several articles urg- abused, half starved and left to shift them through the country for about
for themselves but for all G. 0. MATTHAMS,
ing the use of pounded glass and generally; half that amount, and it is probablethat
crockery offered for publication, butas that they generally pay their own way most of the cattle this season will Florida. Pineapple Company,
consider the least and more, too-live and thrive and
we practice at be driven through to market.-Kissim- Orto. .
useless we classed the proffered litera- bring up a big family of healthy chicks mee Valley.H. MADDOCK & MATTHAMS,
ture in the same category, and under the most discouraging circum-
returned the same with samples of our stances. F. Dutton & Co. have 1200 balesof West Palm Beach, Fla
regrets, each neatly enclosed in a No. "Take the same pains with them as cotton, valued at $72,000, at their --- -- --- -

6 envelope.-Texas Farm and Ranch. you would a stock of thoroughbreds, gins in this city. A large portion of IHFORSITIOH' g
But this sarcastic critic can not de- and they will respond quickly and gen- this will be shipped in a few days. W. Worth it's Weight In G 0 L D!
ny that grinding material of some sort erously. There is something-a good G. Robinson sent many samples to For your name and ddreca on a postal card,wewUUeUyouhow i
to make the best wire fence
is always found in the and giz deal-in blood, and there is an immense manufacturers in the East yesterday. on earth,horse-high,bull-strong and|
crops pig-tigh ,at the actual wboleealecoil of wire.I Ikltselman
zards of fowls. The hen be deal in care and food. If you Gainesville Sun. Bros. lio)3.) Ridgevllle, Ind.
may supposed __ .. .. .
.. ._ -.-.
.. -. ---- -
to "know her business" in have not the ca h with which to buy The mail train on the F. C. and P. -c -- -- -- -- -
swallowing this stuff. pure breed cocks to mate the hens withto system going south Sunday eveninglast
<.. begin with, don't think that you can gave out the first signal of the season The U. S. Fish Commission will
F. J. Cushing and family, of Lynn, do nothing to improve the common for the people on the line to look establish, this winter a shad hatcheryon
Mass. are at their place in the suburbs fowls. out for a cold wave coming. Six long the St. Johns river, from which
where Mr. Cushing will put in "Common fowls can be greatly improved blasts of the whistle every two or three point the young shad will be shippedto
an irrigating plant on ten acres.- in point of size by always se- miles was the signal established last stock the Anclote river.-West
Tampa Times. : lecting the largest and best to 'keep I winter.-Plant City Courier. Coast Truth.


--" - --




Shun stimulants and drugs as you have been withdrawn for investmentin
State News.We Our Rural Home.Helping do pestilence. For tea and coffee, other States where it will be a safer

drink hot water; and in illness let the investment because the owners are
same magic fluid be your physic. protected in their rights. "Tell the
passed through to the groves. One Another. Thick blood causes colds and count- people the truth about Florida," say
of Mr. W. F. Fuller and S. St. John Farmers of the same commnnity less other diseases. Keep the lungs some of our papers. "We need immigration -
the early part of the week and must have very many interests which are active by deep breathing, the skin by societies" say some. We
say that both of these gentlemen hate.' common, says Farm News, but whichcan baths and friction, the kidneys by free have had them, and they did good
groves now that they need not (feel be advanced only by concerted draughts of warm water, the bowels by work. But where are the immigrantsthat
blue over. In Mr. Fuller's some trees action. Among these are road.making correct eating, and the blood will be were induced to come? DudleyW.
are nearly thirty feet high and have and destruction of noxious weeds, pure. Adams says of the fifteen settlers
large tops. In fact a part of this placeis many of which can only be destroyedby Spend part of each day in muscular located in his vicinity not one remains,
ahead of anything in this part of the united action of the whole work, part in study, and part in good and because they could get nothing
Putnam County. In Mr. St. John's community. Belonging to these inter- deeds to men and in the worship of from the shipments of their peaches,
grove, while the trees are not quite as ests, too, are the planting of orna- God. that brought $3 a bushel in the New
large, there are more of them and mental trees along the highways and t-m-t York market their peach orchards
both places should have some two the beautifying ot their chosen placesof Needs of New Settlers. have been abandoned. A party from
hundred boxes of fruit each another resort on holidays or for picnics. New settlers to the east coast of Ohio who had come in possession ofa
year.-San :Mateo Item.Mr The general cleanliness and the trim Florida write for the fullest detail* in farm in Putnam county came downto

J. B. LaMontagne informs us appearance of their farms, and espe- regard to what they shall bring to their plant a peach orchard. In advising -
that about half of the twenty acre fieldto cially their homes, which add to the new homes in the line of stock. E. R. with a resident he was told his trees
be planted in Sumatra tobacco by general attraction of the whole neigh- Bradley of Lantana, in a communication would grow and produce well, but it
Mr. H. Hovelle and himself for the borhood, should be a chief object. To to J. E. Ingraham, land commissioner was useless to plant as transportationto
tobacco growing company, recently be good farmers and good neighbors, of the Florida East Coast Rail- market would cost more than he
. organized here, is plowed and the seed all these things must be taken into way, offers the following suggestions: would get for them, and it would be
bed is now being made ready for the consideration.Your "A most frequent question propounded next to impossible to keep a fence that
reception of the seed which are ex- own garden may be protectedfrom by intending settlers is, 'Shall I would protect his orchards from range
pected to arrive in a few days from the weeds on your farm, but if bring my stock? If so, how much of cattle and hogs. He went home, and
Sumatra. It is the purpose of these you allow weeds even on the highway it?' Any and all stock, especially what mi ht have been a flourishing
gentlemen to set out five acres every through your lands to cast their seeds horses and mules, from any point orchard and grove, with an additional
thirty days until the twenty acres is into your neighbor's garden, you are north of Southern Georgia, must need revenue to the State, lies a waste.It .
planted, and thus secure a succeesive unmindful that you are here your be acclimated before they can be of is little use to put in a crop with.
maturing of the plants about a month brother's keeper. Do for him as you much use. Also bear in mind the fact out thorough preparation of the soil.
apart.-Orlando Star.Mr. would be pleased to have him do for that all grain and hay must be pur- It is useless to bring settlers to Florida

E. H. Mote has purchased some chased. But, said one, if you have without making inducements for themto
of the new buckets made by the Stevens you.No law can ever be enacted defin- good land, why cannot I raise oats, stay. Revise the stock laws, give
for perchance corn,and make my own hay? the State a railway commission that
Bros., protecting orang etrees ing what should be done in regrad to
from frost by filling them with rosin these things among neighboring farm- Why does not the market gardener, shall not permit the railway companiesto
and setting them about the grove. ers, which could be so effective in its the green-house grower, etc.,raise corn charge more for ten miles than they
When fired the rosin produces a dense operation as a proper moral convic- and hay? Simply because it is not his do for 100 miles,or more for 100 miles
smoke which it is claimed will protectthe tion that we are constantly under obli- business. Enough eggplants, toma- than is the cost for 1,000 miles.
trees from frost. Mr. Mote has gations to each other to do many toes, etc., can be grown on that landto Telling the truth about Florida is
in beans and cucumbers cover it ten feet deep with hay at not task. The Ruralisthas
several acres things which the law does not require. an agreeable
farm and if the weather $40 per ton. One good Florida or ceased to settlers
on his truck Reciprocal kindness in the commonest urge to come to
bureau predicts frost before he gathersthe and most trifling things of life may Georgia mule can do the work for a Florida for fruit or vegetable growingor
crop from them he proposes to test add much to our culture and our com- dozen new settlers, and you do not general farming until they shall be
the virtue of these rosin buckets as a want a cow until you have enough protected in their rights of property.To .
will let readers fort.These spare land cleared to feed her on grass;
protection. We our suggestions are particularlytrite what extent the Legislature just
know the result of his experiment.- in the destruction of noxious in- then the milk costs ten cents or more i elected will remove the incubus that

Leesburg Commercial.The sects; if undestroyed on or near the per quart. i rests upon the prosperity of the Statewe
The Florida will find
immigrant to *
local option fence law, as ad. line of your neighbor's fruit trees, he the results of soil tillage do not know. If they are like the *
must suffer and vice versa. Cooperation average very last Florida will be State for
vocated for the The Sun a good
past year by much the same as in other parts of the
with favor the hands for the general good will promote new fruit and vegetable growers to
is meeting great at and that the growing of fruits
neighborly friendships which are In- keep from, and for of the
of the State press. Dade's representative and vegetables for family consumptionwill away many
valuable.-Southern Ruralist. old ones to from. The
get agri-
instructed favor such away
goes to a be essential to his comfort. But
measure and if it cultural and horticultural interests of
sufficiently agitated either cow, horse or mule in Southern
that such How to Live Long. the State are ten years behind what
is possible an enactment may Florida should be brought in baby.
they might have been had liberal
be secured as will encourage truckersto Prof. F. M. Heath lays down the hood, if not born there. a
in their policy been enacted by her Legislatureand
operate extensively respec- following practical rules : -*-
tive sections without fear of crop destruction Fix deeply in mind the grand truth What's Wrong With KansasA reasonable transportation rates
been granted. If the latter cannot
by hogs and cattle roaming that life power rules the body, and Lesson for Florida.
around as at present, unrestrained and that it alone can cure disease. grant more liberal rates the most pro-
unrestrainable. Florida is on the ad. Life lives air, water and Kansas, once the most prosperousof fitable thing they can do will be to tear
power upon
the Western States is "bleed- their tracks and send them to the
vance in some lines and should be in food only; all else is hurtful. now up
all directions; hence the crying need Make cleanliness your motto, and ing Kansas" by her own act, and not junk pile, for the few tillers of the soil
for a local option no fence law.-Tro- watch against filth in both house and by any "border ruffianism," so much that will remain will confine their
pical Sun. grounds.Few read about in her pioneer days. efforts to growing what will supply
their families and the local market.
The Reporter has it from a reliable starve for food but many for By her unwise financial legislationshe
source that there are negotiations now air. Breathe deeply a hundred times has driven millions of dollars from We will hope that under the Blox-
pending which in all probability will : daily. Wear no tight clothing. Aboveall her borders, thousands of thrifty farm- ham administration and the new Leg
result in the building of another rail- ventilate your sleeping room. ers who had capital, damaged her islature that the incubus will be lifted
road for Florida, in which neither Beware of gluttony. If the appe. credit for years to come, and made and that the "forget nothing and learn
Plant nor Flagler will be interested.The tite is dull, eat fruit only,or eat noth-- the State a by-word. With the wisest nothing policy" that has afflicted the
name of the company is the Cent ing. Use no fiery condiments, but legislation there will be many decades Legislature and railway companieswill
tral Railway and Steamship Companyof live chiefly on natural grains, vegeta- before her lost prestige can be re be abandoned, and that all the
Florida. The starting point of the bles and fruits. Never ask your stom- stored. influences may be got to work in a
proposed line will be Palatka and its ach to chew your food-employ your Kansas is a warning to Florida to long pull, a strong pull and a pull alto-
objective point somewhere on the gulf teeth. Adorn your table not only retrace the steps already begun in par. gether in getting and keeping settlersin
coast. The Georgia Southern and with viands, but with flowers and : allel lines to the Kansas legislation by a State in many respects the most
Florida will be the outlet for the terri smiles and kindly words. her iniquitous stock laws, and in its highly favored and desirable in the

tory north while the Jacksonville, Deformity is not awkwardness only, failure to give to the people a wise and Union. .. .
Tampa and Key West road will give but danger. A high chest will give just railway commission. Thousandsof
connection with Jacksonvile and the freedom to breathing and digestion,. settlers have already left the State, It should be one of the strong ties
east-Orlando Reporter. and help to cure many diseases. and hundreds of thousands of dollars that bind us to home ever after.

._ n__ '.-_ ..' h_ ", _.


r< #0'0'G:4E3: 0 ;1 figure trimly at the top, and the back
Wrenched His BackAND
gores, which are very narrow at the top,
Cramps Croup are laid in two box-plaits. Any of the
t ,, popular silk, woolen, or cotton fabrics
Colic may be chosen for this model, and the
d, Tooth favorite finish for the bottom is a deep

I i facing of crinoline or haircloth, and Rheumatism and Creeping Paralysis -

i Colds, ache, velveteen binding.A Followed, and Mr. Salsbury

t special illustration and full direc- Suffered for a Long Time-
i tions about the pattern will be found on LINE
I Diarrhoea Relief Came at Last in
t t the envelope in which it is enclosed.
the Use of Pink Pills.
Dysentery, ,
and all I 4; From the Times, Erie, Pa.

: Bowel Complaints. On a bright September morning a reporter -

t of the Erie Daily Times drove up
; A Sure,Safe, Quick Cure for / to the cozy residence of Luther Salsbury; Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive
these troubles is
about three miles from East Springfield,

Pa., and one-half mile from Sherman :ROUTE

Corners. :Mr. Salsbury was at home and BETWEEN

( ;n.Jfjllei r graciously nceived the reporter, led him FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH

i I to a cozy sitting room, and begged him TUB

to be tWatl> Air. Salsbury is 04 years of

t It is the trusted friend of the t .y age, with long, snowy white beard, and Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
steady walk lie was born in Conneaut

Mechanic, Farmer, Planter, ,I Il Township, about nine miles from where THROUGH ROUTES.

0 Sailor, and in fact all classes. t he now resides, and is one of the best New York to Jacksonville by

T Used Internally or externally. 'f known farmers in that section of the New Florida I'ennsylvania It. it. to Washington -
and ,
1 Southern Railway to
At the of 21 he moved to
country. age NorthernAir
Columbia Florida Central &
Beware of imitations. Take
I Indiana with his parents Line. Peninsular to all principal
none but the PERRY 1 r J points in Florida.Cincinnati .
genuine Mr. !
f 0 Salsbury was always a very healthyman
DAVIS." Sold amillevel' knew what it to be 1 to Harriman JuneCincinnati -
everywhere. was ,
tion &
f by Queen Crescent,
sick. After living in Indiana alxmt fifteen I Harriman Junction to Ashe-

1 25c. and 50c. bottles. years, he, with his aged mother, Aslieville & villeand Columbia by Southern -

b moved back to their former home. About JacksonvilleCincinnati t Central Railway& Peiisnsular and Florida Columj
.O MO t0 f13 0 3 0 3 o 3 o seven years ago Mrs. Salisbury had the j bia to Jacksonville. -

---- misfortune to fall and break her hip. Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
'rr Luther, who witnessed the fall from the Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -

porch, ran to her assistance, and lifting and Florida}ette, Florida, Southern Central K'y &to Peninsular Ever--

her gently carried her to the house. In Limited. to all Important Florida

some manner he wrenched his back, and points.

hurt himself internally, causing rheumatism Kansas Kansas City, Fort Scott &
to set in. lIe did not atten- and City Memphis It.It.to Kansas City,
I awt For Any Occasion-939-Lasca pay any 1 to Birmingham Southern It'y'
t Dress. tion to it until about six months after- JackHo'vilieThro* Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
wards, when he noticed a peculiar feeling Peninsular to all :Fla. points.
Sizes for 8 and 10 years. Cashmere and between his shoulders, and the shoulder Louis to Jacksonville by
challie and the soft novelty wools whichare Short Lino to Du Quoin,
blades became numb. lIe went to I 1St.
ti brightened with silk threads are the very Holly Sp'gslloute. Central to Holly p'gs,
i ,73b.mss. see a physician and was informed he had City, Memphis & Birmingham -
this little
favorite materials dressy to Birmingham,Sou.
what is known as creeping paralysis. lie
gown. The plain materials are trimmed J ll'y to E'eretteand F. C.& P.
doctored about two years and was pronounced -
with bands of velvet, ribbon, insertionand cured. Sioux City & Chicago to Jack-
Y passementerie but the figured ones sonville. Ill. Cent. to Holly
finish for About a year after he quit doctoring, Holly Itoute.New Sp'ga. }Sp'g8, K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
have no trimming, except some
Sou. to
the same feeling came over him again, K'y Ever
the yoke and bows of ribbon. The pref- ette and the F. C. & P.
and he made up his mind not to see a
erence for these little gowns is to make Louis'ille & Nash'ille to Rive
doctor but to himself. Mr.
them in one piece,sewing the skirt to the try cure Orleans Junction. :F. C. & P. only
1 holds the fullness Salsbury was always fond of fishing, and To }route with through sleepersJackso'ville
waist-band. A fitted lining between New Orleans and
; while on the way to his favorite pond he
of the waist in place. Our model is Jacksonville.The .
noticed the
a lying on ground.
of cadet-blue cashmere trimmed with insertion and F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
lIe picked it his accidentallyread
underlaid with dark blue ribbon. up, eye }Florida running through the
an article which said, Use 'Tink Tobacco Regions,
'J w The girdle, stock-collar and bows are of Pills" for rheumatism, impoverishmentof Stock Fanning and Dairy Section,
;r blue satin ribbon. 1'eaehand Strawberry Lands,
tile blood "I
/ >} special illustration and full directions "began thinking they Orange, Banana and 1'ineapjtle('O.ntr.,11PhophII
do good said Mr. Salsbury .
i' l might me JMt.lias
will be found the
/ ... l if1! about the pattern on "and accordingly I went to Dr. Davenport's the Silver Spring and
'l5.. ..g f IL? envelope in which it is enclosed. Ottter Fine Scenery
':. : ,+ fj'A:4 i .. drug store at Albion, Pa.,six miles The Great Hunting Country.
l-t! from my home and purchased three Reaches the Noted Fishing Ground
11'l'l } Have you not a stream of water on the best lands for ,
i" boxes. Twenty-four hours after takingthe Has the greatest variety
f r..irw farm that by a little ditching, or a good first; pill I could feel the effect clear of soils in the State and above all

.':.{ deal of it, can be conducted where it will to the ends of fingers and relief came Runs over the Central Rldgeland
J .:)'I my
},. do more good? Think the matter over, at once. Where It Is High and Healthy.
of will towns fill its route and it offers
\ and see if a winter job hydraulics "1 continued Pink Pills and began Prosperous
using -
not increase the farm product.It the best freight facilities for any produce to
getting stronger, and today I am the Northern markets.
is claimed that SO per cent of fowls feeling well. My backache does not Send also for the best m.pof Florida (sent
A Smart Reception Gown. hatched never reach maturity. If a fact, very free) and note tho towns on its route.A.O.MACDONELLO.P.A.
bother rue at all, and I can walk as goodas ,
997-Myanotis Corsage. Sizes for 34,36, it indicates gross carelessness or i ignorance any one of my age. The numbness Jacksonville Fla.
who raise
38 and
taffeta and velvet of a darker shade are more than 20 per cent of the chickens Pink Pills I was unable to do tho workon The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.

the fabrics used for this charming gown, hatched. --S my farm, but now I can handle the

the "Myanotis" corsage and "Nahant" farm as well as I ever could, and I at- Offers to ShippersThe
skirt combined. The skirt and sleeves ST A TIt OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO, } ss tribute it all to the use of Dr. Williams'
Shortest ud Quickest Route
are of silk, and the jacket-waist is of em- LUCAS Pink Pills.

broidered, but appliques of guipure or FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that he. "Without hesitancy I recommend Pink BETWEEN

Honiton braid would be quite effective. is the senior partner of the firm of F. J. Pills for rheumatism and all diseases of FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

The edge of the collar is finished with a CHENEY: &Co., doing business in the Cityof the blood. The pills are the best I have THE EAST AND WEST.With .

frill of narrow lace. The full front is of Toledo, County and State aforesaid, ever known, and a number of people who Improved Ventilated Cars,this com-

green chiffon, and folds of it are used for and that said firm will pay the some of noticed my condition were surprised at pany is better equipped than ever ever to
OWE II UNI)UK 0 DOLLARS for each handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops and
the girdle and stock-collar. The jacket the efl'ect of Pink Pills. Too much can- insure close connections and prompt despatchto
fronts are cut in scallops, which are finished and every case of CATAUKH that cannotbe not be said of them." all Eastern and Western Markets.

with a frill of lace, and in the cen- cuued by the use of HALL'S CATARRH Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain, in a Through cars to destination with.

ter of each is a jeweled button. The Cum[ condensed form, all the elements neces- out change or delay.
sleeves illustrate one of the popular fancies FRANK J. CHENEY.: sary to give new life and richness to the Perishable freight followed by wire and

which is a compromise between the Sworn to before me and subscribed in blood and resore shattered nerves. Theyare shippers points advised and arrival time at passing destination.various junction -

large and the tight sleeves, retaining the my presence, this Cth day of December, also a specific for troubles peculiar to All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-

fullness at the shoulders.A !, A. D. 1886. females, such as suppressions, irregularities adjusted.
special illustration and full directions r., A. W. GLEASON, and all forms of weakness. In men See that your goods are marked

about the pattern will be found on the {SEAL } Notary Public. they effect a radical cure in all cases via F. C. & P. R. R.

envelope in which it is contained. arising from mental worry, overwork of For information call on or address the undersigned -
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internallyand whatever nature. Pink Pills are sold in :
C. E. TAYLOR,Tray.A'gt Ocala Fla.
866-Nahant Skirt. acts directly on the blood and mu- boxes (never in loose bulk) at 50 cents a W. B. TUCKER, Oen.A'g't,Orlando Fla.

Sizes-medium and large. This cous surfaces of the. system. Send for box or six boxes for $2.50, and may be O.M.HOLDEN,Trav. AVt,Leesburg, .Fla
popu- testimonials free. direct mail W. It FULLER,Tray. '!: ,Tampa Fla.
had of all by
lar model has five gores, and measures druggists, or Or N.S. PBNNINGTON Traffic Manager,
fire and three-quarter yards around the F J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0. 'from Dr. Williams' :Medicine Company, Jacksonville,Fla.

bottom. The front and side gores fit the 1 rSold by Druggists, 75c. Schenectady, N. Y. W .H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Aft


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That One-Year-Old Pomelo Tree. civilization, is turned into a theatrical I other sources of income, can: remain in

Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower. I Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: spectacle. I I the business.A .

I contributor in the Gen-
I Some six weeks ago you publishedan Country
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main Double Dropping1. tleman
article in your valued paper in reference says :

Street Jacksonville.. to a grape fruit graft, giving a Judge Stewart has fifteen acres each in "Probably it will always be profitableto

cut of the same, that had made a remarkable rye and oats, planted in two of his grow peaches where they succeed;
groves. He harvested last spring as fine but I think it not advisable for a farmerto
I would like to
heavy oats and rye as you ever saw attempt to grow apples pears, plums
For One Year ................................z.oo know the locality of this tree and the grown in any country, and the crop, in and grapes beyond the needs of his own

For Six Months....... ..... 1.00 name of the owner of grove. Will feed for his stock, was as good as money. family. When one orchard bears, all do,

In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 you kindly give me this information.By Three crops can now be made throughthe and there is little market for fruit; and
doing so will greatly obligeC. winter months in your orange groves when one fails, all fail, and there is none
:Subscriptions in all cases cash in you with the least injury to the trees. These to sell. Last season everybody had
advance. No discount allowed on one's N. CRAWFORD, Mgr. thirty acres will make several hundred plums, aud they brought only 40 cents a
own subscription(except in a club), but to Leesburg, Fla. bushels of grain, and it is a clear make.If bushel, just about enough to pay for
all a liberal commission will The tree was raised by Mr. Ed. you have plenty of money and can afford picking and delivering. This season
be mowed on all subscriptions obtainedby to pay the price asked for Western there were but very few, but the apple
them. Write for terms. Winter, of Stetson, Volusia county, grain and hay why you can afford not to trees never tore a greater weight of fruit.

manager for :Mr. John B. Stetson. save this money in these grain crops, "Now hand-picked and selected Bald.
will send
To every new subscriber we but the who is not blessed with
"Garden- man wins are selling in this neighborhood at
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's of funds is foolish if these
subscribers Farm Wastes. plenty simply 30 cents a barrel, and Kings bring GO
in Florida. For two new -
ing home are not made by him. Ten
crops cents. Selected drying are 14
will send apples
at $2.00 each, we ,
The writer has farmer acres of would give grain sufficient to
seen a carry rye cents a hundred pounds delivered at the
postpaid Culture.", a copy of "Orange out and give to a span of mules, throw- feed a horse the year round. To buy it dryer. This is about 7 cents a bushel.
it would cost you $2.50 per week.V 0- Pears few and
ing it on the ground, enough corn to were no price. Grapes
Rates of advertising on application. lusia County Record.It .
plentiful but not worth picking. Farmers -
have lasted them three or four days,
Remittances should be made by check, is possible that this may be a case would bo better off to chop down
if it had been properly distributed
nine-tenths of their fruit trees'aud take
order registered of Peter to Paul. When
note robbing
postal money or pay
letter along in rations. Of course, a large proper care of the rest.
to order of
and their extend
trees are roots
part of this was wasted and the healthof young A factor of safety for Florida
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER only a little distance around, the in. strong
Jacksonville Fla. the animals was endangered be. tervening space may be cultivated in lies in the fact that a large part of her

sides. products to market out of season -
hoed crops to advantage and without go ,
Plows and hoes are not cleaned detriment to the trees, provided the. when they do not compete with the

CONTENTS. when used, and the next tim they soil is left as good as the owner foundit crops of millions of growers.

are wanted they are so rusty they will when the tree-roots do need it. But Another factor is the sterility of a

TRANSPORTATION Japan Persimmons.Rates not "scour;" thus a lot of time is that period will be very brief. The great part ot her soils, which compelsthe

On!. 739 wasted rubbing them bright with a roots of plants in this soil run out with grower, in order to be successful,
brickbat or scraping the earth ofT with in search of the to apply a good deal of expensive fer-
a Money Crop;Letter from Washington 740 great rapidity nourishment
Banking Orange Sprouts .... 741 the heel of one's shoe at every round. which is so scarce unless sup. tilizer.
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Asparagus ; Potato Harrows and plows are left lying in plied artificially. It is difficult for These forces and others all tend to

Culture No. i 741 the rain in the fence corner. The re- i repress the capricious excesses of nature -
Strawberries in South Florida.............. 742 sult is, after a few weeks' shrinkingand most men realize who that are the not practical farm. which trouble our Northern
for Stock ers to average piney
LIVE STOCK-Water Hyacinths
swelling in the heat and wet a brethren in spite of them all the
Feed; Raising Hogs in the South 742 woods soil of Florida lacks practicallyevery ; yet, ,
POULTRY-A Useless Fad; Breeds for the tooth or two gets loose or the whole element needed to support cultivated native, restless energy of the American -

Farm; To Improve the Common Hen ... 743 plow gets loose, and has to be wedgedup plants. A stalk of corn grow- character sometimes runs away

State News.... 744 or wired together, and several ing in an unmanured spot will be no with itself, even in Florida fields.
OUR RURAL HOME-Helping One Another; months of the natural life of the im and than lead 4... .
How to Live Long;Needs of New Settlers; larger no longer a pen
What's Wrong With Kansas ? ...... ....744 plement are lost. cil while its roots will be two, three Burning Old Cornstalks.
Patterns(illustrated). 745 A board on the fence is left loose, and four feet long-a ridiculous dis. A neighbor of the writer last sum-
EDITORIAL-Cot What lIe Wanted;That One when five minutes' time with a ham-
parity. mer raised a of corn followingcorn
Year Old Pomelo Tree; Farm Wastes; mer and two or three nails would se- crop
Another Miscarriage of Justice; Double cure it. Finally it drops clear down, Rye and oats are among the most and he determined to try an ex-
Cropping; Will Florida Over-Produce?; exhaustive crops. Rye requires about periment. His neighbors, who are
Burning Old Corn Stalks...... .......... 746 the pigs go in and destroy $10 or $LS 450 pounds of soil moisture (we have mostly native farmers, advised him
Markets;Business........... 747 worth of sweet potatoes or corn.
the .determined strongly against under the old
. not exact figures by plowing
ENTOMOLOGY-Some Essential Facts About It is an excellent plan for the farmerto
Insects, illustrated) 748 have in his hip-pocket a small experiments at hand) to produce one cornstalks of the previous year's crop,

Abusing Transportation Companies ...... 750 memorandum book and a pencil very andas pound of dry matter, and oats aboutas as they said they would breed worms
Bursted Bubbles much. fast draw which would ) this
752 They grow very greatly injure year's
he about the farm let him makea
+. 4- goes the soil lock He is sensible
heavily on up everythingin crop. a experiencedfarmer
note of a little job which ought to be
their abundant rich seeds and and has much for the
Weather in Jacksonville. flinty respect
done, but which he has not time at
stalks and it nothing opinions based of the
carry away, leaving on experience,
Week Ending Nov 16, x886b0 the moment to attend to.
but a small remnant of roots and native Florida farmers; neverthelesshe
ti. u stubble to replace what they have ab determined to experiment and find
a a a a.:
DATB. l1 a -a a as u "caw: Another Miscarriage of Justice. stracted. Beggarweed and cowpeas, out for himself. On a plat extendingacross

GO GO :s ::s a ::s The life of the murderer, Driggers, on the other hand, though the most the field he had. the stalks and
- -
No" 10........ 52 68 7S 51 27 64 .00 has been begged off by sympatheticwomen exacting of feeders, are the most gen all the dead grass carefully raked up
Nov 11 .... .... 6S 74 85 64 21 74 ..00No" since draw and burned. On another
12........ 6Q 68 8.3 6'1 16 75 .60 and he will be confined at erous of givers, they nourishment plat right
Nov. 13........ 68 59 70 54 16 62 .72 the phosphate or turpentine camps for from the atmosphere and along side of the first, he had all the

Noy.. I5 14................ 50 49 6z 55 66 73 48 47 25 19 56 60 .00 0oNov. life (?). The scene at the cell when hand it over to the soil. stalks and grass raked together and

Nov. x6 ........ 61 64 73 s8 IS 66 .00 the commutation was announced to -1 SWill laid lengthwise in the furrows as the
- -
Mean ......... 59 64 75 56 20 66 1.42 him is described as very affecting, and Florida Over-Produce ? plowing went on, so that it was effect-

Total rainfall. naturally enough, for the deliberate, Good, sound, winter apples have ally covered out of sight. The corn

A. J. MITCHELL Observer. judicial taking of a human life is an been sold this fall in Jacksonville: at was planted and treated alike on both

1 awful thing. Woman is an angel of $1.00 a barrel, which was less than it the plats. When he went north for his

mercy, and justice should be temperedwith cost to transport them from the summer vacation the corn growingover
Got What He Wanted.Mr. .
mercy; but, on the other hand, orchard in New York to this city. the old trash war already plainly

: M. E. Gillett, manager of the mercy should be tempered with jus Tens of thousands of bushels have higher-a foot or more-and more

F. F. & V.-G. Association in its day, tice. There is no other country in the been left to rot on the ground.The thrifty than the other. When he returned -

and who is still interested in orange world where women have so much influence Penn Yan ( N. Y. ) Democrat this fall his tenant, a native farmer .

culture,advertised in our "cheap col over men as in the United thinks that at present prices few can remain informed him that the_ corn

umn" for a carload of sphagnum moss. States, and there is no other civilized in the grape industry, even if all grown on the trash yielded much

In remitting he writes: country where lynching is so prevalent were able to reduce the annual cost of the heavier crop of the two,

Yours to hand. Enclosed find Women ought to be rigidly excluded The vineyard average maintenance yield does to not$10 exceed an acre.one that every stalk had a large fine ear

amount of bill,"fifty cents. I had four from all judicial proceedings ton an acre, and the average price of crop on it while many on the wellclearedplat

enquiries as the result of the adver- except when required in the capacityof this year has been$15 a ton. Even when had only nubbins or nothing.

tisement and got what I wanted. routine witnesses. By their tears returns are $22.50 per acre, the loss is not Entomologist Howard of the Agricultural

Nothing like printers' ink, except and pleadings they make fools of men turned yardist,into depending a profit.on The sidehill for a vine-livli- department, in a recent cir

more of it. Yours truly, and the majesty of the law, which is hood, is facing ruin. Only grapes the man withan cular on the larger corn-borer, says

M. E. GILLS .F. .the proudest boast of Anglo-Saxon unusually prolific vineyard, or having that the pest will have no chance for


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- -- .-- -- ___ ___ __ ___ ___ --- -- ._ -"<--- --- .
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.1 r

t .
1896. THE FLORIDA FABMEB AND 1 u1T-ctxowl; 747

I its life in the North, where careful THE

and thorough methods of cultivationare flarkets.

followed, but in the South it has FIRST I NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

already done more or less damage in JACKSONVILLE, FLA. November. 20. .
most corn fields from Alabama to Virginia ,

Mr. Howard reports havingseen FRUITS AND PRODUCE. JACKSONVILLE.

more than thirty holes in a single Corrected by Marx:Bros. The Oldest National Bank in the State.

stalk in South Carolina, and in These are avenge quotations. Extra choice

Virginia, last year, a single planter es- lota fetch prices above top quotations,while poor CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.By .

timates his loss at more than $500. lotsseUlower.Florida conservative,yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,

The insect is identical with the Oranges ................ ..... strength We and and ability to meet aU legitimate demands.
350 buy
sugar Apples,bbl.......................... 1.75 to 2.50 drafts on all parts of foreign the world.and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing our own
cane borer of Louisian and is foundin .....
Grapes, Catawba,S lb basket. .18 We invite
all Southern States far north Pines crate .. ...................... 4.00 favors shall at a aU visit times or correspondence receive looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
as as Lemons Messina box............... 3.25 intelligent and careful attention
the Potomac river, and as far west as English Peas,dried,bu... ...... .... 1.50 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER
Peanuts best brand...... ............. .04 to.04-*" R. C. COOLEY
Kansas. Cabbage. New each .......... % President. Cashier.
Potatoes.N. Y Yorki ........ ........ 1
150 Safe
The adult insect issues from the old 5 barrel lots................. 1.40 Deposit Boxes For Rent.
cornstalks in the spring. Soon after ". Sack........................ 1.40
5 sack lot........ ......... 1.35
the young corn comes up it lays its Early Rose seed ............ I.75
eggs upon the leaves near the axils, Onions N.Y. bbl...... ...... ....... 2.00 SEEDS SEEDS SEEDS !
Peas black eye busheL. ....... 1.50
and the young larva upon hatching i .II. brown eye, .". ............. 1.25 A FULL STOCK OF
clay ...... ...... 1.10
penetrates the stalk at or near the Turnips, N.Y. bbl................ 1.50 New Field and Garden Seeds
joint and commences to tunnel, Beets ................ 200
Parsuips ..........._..... 2.25
usually upward through the pith. The Carrots, .............-. 2.25 ADAPTED TO THE SOUTH.
growth of the borer is rapid and it is BfiTfiTS........ -*.v*.........--.. .__. .20

active the stalkat ONION SETS
frequently leaving
one place and entering at another RED AND YELLO'Vt.OO per Bushel.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
several holes in the of WHITE .. "
making course Yellow Yams,bush, .................... .40 $4.50"
its growth. When ready to transformit Sweet Potatoes .......... ........... .30 to .40 Send for price list.
Hubbard squash, bbl................. L. CAMERON Seedsman
bores to the surface of the stalk Lettuce, doz........... ................ .t5 to 1.50.25 ,
making a hole for the exit of the fu- Celery ..... ............ .............. .30to .40 Jtiolceotivi1le F'lorJda.
Egg Plants, bbl...................... 1.50102.00
ture moth, then changing to the pupa Tomatoes, crates. ...................... 1.50102.00
state. Sweet Pepper,bu. ......................50 to .7 300 ACRES IN NURSERY.
Green Beans,crate............. .... no demand$ ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. 38TH YEAR.FRUIT .
The entomologist says that where Green pear, crate.... ..............|i.oo to 1.25
Turnips,bunch............... ....... to.06
the old corn stalks are systematically Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to .10 ; TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.
removed from the field and burned Kershaws, each.... ....... ......... 03 to .10
Parsley,per doz. bunches ............ .20 to .25
after the harvest or during winter, or Green onions,per doz.bunches....... .25 Oriental Pears, Japan Plums on Mariana Stocks Japan Persimmons Strawberry Plants, Grape-
where a constant rotation of is Pepper,hot bushel,................... .75 Vines,etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens, Camelias, 50,000 Palms,
crops Sage,well cured,lb..................... .25
practiced, the corn stalk-borer will Hens....H..._..-_........_....... .30 10,000 CAMPHOR -
Roosters....*.............M--..-.... 5
never become a serious pest, and the Half grown............................ .15 to .20* and Cinnamon Trees Roses. The Greenhouse Department is the largest and most complete in the
Virginia and South Carolina farmers Turkeys, per pound,gross............ .08 Southern States. We grow everything: in trees and plants suited to Southern horticulture. Cata.
Ducks........................ ........... .25 to .30 logue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS) Augusta. Ga. No Agents.
have it in their hands to check it at Geese, .o. .. .......................... .35 to .40
time by pursuing these methods. Leeks per doz bunches............... .2$
any Radishes, per doz....................No demand Norfolk, per \ bbl basket, 1.00 to 1.50 Bradley Redfleld. B.
Aside from corn cane and Cucumbers,crate..................... .1.25101.50 ; Eugene RedJUld.
sugar Spinach,per bushel.......... ...... .?5toi.oo String Beans' Charleston, green, per bu. ESTABLISHED 1871.
sorghum, this borer has only one other Cabbage. Florida scarce.... ......... None basket, 50c to 1.25, wax, choice, per
Salsify, per dozen bunches........... None basket 75c to 1.25 inferior 30c 60c REDFIELD & SON
food far know. Thisis to
plant, so as we ;
Lima Beans,quart.......... ...... .iotoi24}
the gama grass, or sesame grass, Florida Honey, pound section............ .10 Savanna Virginia per $ bbl basket, 40c to 75c, Commission MerchantsAND
crate or basket 50c to 1.00
..... ;
which high in '- -
grows very swampy Florida, express, per basket, 75c to 1.25, -
ground. Farmers whose cornfields New York Market. freight, per crate, 40c to 75c.

adjoin will do well to .
swampy ground
Florida Oranges-A few lots have ar- Fruit Auctioneers
burn over this grass during the winter. rived from far southern stations, mostly Pittsburg Market.

Aside from these simple remedies, lacking in color and sweetness and rather Lettuce, N. 0. Head, per bbl., 3.00 to 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

there is only one more point to be 'I slow to move at the prices asked 4.00: ; Cury, per half bushel basket, 20 to We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,

made, and that is, that rotation of about $3.00 to $3.50 per box. Foreign 4Oc; ; Beans, fancy Wax, per bushel, 1.75 either at private sale(which has heretofore been
is efficient fruit is still relatively cheap and the few to; 2.00; fancy Green, 1.50 to 1.75; Peas, our custom)or by the auction system (recently
crops reasonably againstthis Florida lots should be held back until fresh bushel 2.25 to
fancy per 2.75; added to our business)as you may desire.
insect. Where the custom of al- they attain the best possible quality. Cauliflower, fancy, large, per dozen, 1.25
lowing stalks to remain in the field to 1.50 bbl. 2.00103.00 Cucumbers
Southern Veg etables.-Virginia peas : ; per ; this well-known like that
during winter is practiced, it naturally have been in moderate supply;choice lots fancy hot-house shelled per dozen, 75 to 1.00; (peaches from the Pomona nursery,Nursery,whichwe on

follows that corn following corn will have sold well, making some advance in Lima beans, per qt., 15 to20; in printed some time back, gives abundant -

be badly damaged. Observationsmade price,, with occasional sales of extras at hull, per bushel, 50 to 1.00; Egg plants, proof of the pudding. The State is
fancy, Florida, per box, 1.50 to 2.00 t
slight but have been ; per
a premium
; many being swept from west to east almost
this office show that in ,
by 1891 quite poor and offered comparatively dozen, 1.00 to 1.25; Mushrooms, per lb., without break
the damage to planted 40 to 50; Okra, Florida, box, 50 to a by an epidemic of pear
average crops low. Very few Virginia beans arriving; per blight; but we look to see it, as it has soar
upon land which was in corn the pre- the few lots lately received have been too 1.00; Green peppers, Florida, per box, ( pass as harmless over Glen St. Mary

vious year was 25 per cent., while the. poor to bring any satisfactory return. 1.00 to 1.50. Nurseries as did the hurricane afew weeks
Charleston receipts have been quite liberal -
average injury to corn planted uponsod but mostly of inferior quality; choice --....... ago
land was only 10 per cent., even young Refugee have advanced but coarse Business Notices. MILWAUKEE FLORIDA ORANGE Co.-

where this land was reasonably closeto lots still go at low prices, especially wax This on the west coast is what the following .
former corn land. which are rarely good enough to bring appeared establishment on the east coast, the
for the first time, on our front t old reliable stand-by. The of
.. any profitable price. Most of the steam.
page, the advertisement of this new company its is
er receipts of Charleston beans have beenin management unquestioned: its trees
Truckers are planting tomatoes. Dr. poor order. Georgia and Florida whose organization (or reorgan- are what they are advertised to i e.

Inman is in hundred acres.: beans are hardly worth unless ization.) we mentioned a few months
putting one shipping LAKE GEORGE NUIBEUIES.-After
ago. Their ad. speaks volumes for itself successful -
Major Briggs is planting a good many strictly choice-bright colored, young ; career of twenty-two years this

beans, lots of egg plants and pepper.Including and tender; a few :express lots bring fair gather d well-known fountainhead of citrus trees
prices but the express charges on them are still does business at the old
his tomatoes, he will have Florida cucumbers have been pears, and ship it in quantities, thus conclusively The
clinching their The name of W. W. Hawkins is a sufficient
more than one hundred acres. Grow.ers dull and weak have argument
plenty, prices
very ; great wind which blew over that sectiondid guarantee to any one who has ever dealt
are going about it more carefullythan declined and very few sales have exceeded them only a trifling damage; they with him. See his new ad. on the front

ever before. The work of planting 50c to $1,00 per crate; really choice, offer at low rates an astonishing numberof page. .
and culture will be better. however,are meeting a moderate demand. trees which
Nearlyeveryone Egg plants have also been very plenty, came through unharmed. CHEAPEST: SEEDS.-Note also the new

will plant fewer acres and dull and low. A small demand for good GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES.-After an advertisement of Burton K. Barrs on our

train up the vines to wires or stakes, okra at about$1.25 to $1.50 per carrier. all-summer run in our columns, this long front page. lie offers seeds at prices

expecting better results than if they: Cucumbers, Florida, fancy, per crate, I established institution, under a new name which seem to defy competition.

had planted more and followed the old 4 1.00 to 1.23, common to fair, 50c to 75c; appears this week under a new dress

plan of growing without Cabbage, per 100, 2.50 to 3.00; Cauliflowers This has made a small and obscure countyone SINGERS AND ARTISTS GENERALLY are
Winter training.- fair to choice, per bbl, 75c to 1.25; of the most widely known of Florida. users of "Brawns,Bronchial Trocheff for
Haven Item in Tampa Tr i b- Egg Plants, Fla., per | bbl box, 50c to The article on the LeConte pears whichwe Hoarseness and Throat Troubles. They

une. 75c., per bbl., 1.00 to 1.50; Peas, green, publish this week, emanating from affordirortantrelief.r .


".'I.. .\. ,. .- .


Entomology. i distinct, but there is no separation between light from darkness, and many are NOTICE OF
the thorax and abdomen. In able to distinguish the various colorsof INTENTIONTO

. _1 ---.o- the insect body, however, we see for the flowers of plants. We know

SOME ESSENTIAL FACTS the first time a distinct division between that certain species of insects are par- APPLY FOR LETTERS

ABOUT INSECTS.II.BY the head, thorax and abdo- tial to certain flowers. It may be that

men. Let us take up these divisions the senses of smell and sight here com- PATENT.

separately, taking the head first. We bine to enable the insect to find the

A. L. QUAINTANCE, M. S. may classify its parts as fixed and mov desired flower, but it is probable that -

Florida Agricultural College and Ex. able. The movable parts are the antenna the sense of smell is of more use than Notice is hereby given that on the tenth day
of December, A. D. 189G, the undersigned will
periment Station, Lake City, Fla. labrum, mandibles, maxilla, labium that of sight.Referring. apply to Governor Henry L. Mitchell for let-
and the and labial the thorax I ters patent on the following proposed Charter
I. maxillary pal- again to or I I for THE EAST MEXICO IMPROVEMENT CoM-
If we were to pick up an insect, pi. The most noticeable of the fixed the second division of the insect bodywe PANY.

as our large grasshopper, (see figure i) parts of the head are the compoundeyes find that it bears three pairs of L. R. BENJAMIN, Jacksonville, Fla.

and were to observe closely, we would the simple eyes, epicranium and jointed appendages, the legs, and also J.W.C.II.GKEELEY HAttWICK, "" II"

find the body is separated into more the clypeus. Of the movable partsof two pairs of wings. The three segments

or less distinct segments or rings. the head the antennas are usuallythe ot the thorax are known from -

Noticing the abdomen we observe most conspicuous. These are the their position as the pro, meso and Articles of Incorporation.

these rings where they are the least long-jointed organs arising from near meta-thorax. The wings are borne on -

modified, except that they have no the eyes on the epicranium. The uses the meso and metathorax. Each seg- KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that
appendages. From a study of one of of the antennae are remarkably varied. ment bears a pair of legs, and each we,the undersigned citizens of the State of

these segments we may get an idea ofa Experiments indicate that in them are leg is divided into several segments. Florida form hereby a body associate politic and ourselves corporate togetherand under

typical segment of an insect. Typ several different organs of sense. It Where it joins the body, there is a and Florida by now virtue in force of the governing laws of the State of

ically, each arthropod segment bears is thought that the senses of hearing, scleriie known as the trochanter. ,and publish and declare general the follow corporations

one pair of jointed appendages. In 'touch and smell are situated in these This articulates with the femur. The wit ing:objects and powers of said company, to-

the thorax of the grasshopper we observe organs. The labrum is the lip-like femur articulates distally with the tibia, First. The name of said corporation shall

three segments quite well defined structure which covers the mandibles to which is joined the tarsus. The be "The" The East Mexico Improvement Com
pany. general or homo office
of the
and also the three pairs of jointed appendages above. The mandibles are horny appendages tarsus is usually subdivided and bearson company shall oe located in the city of Jacksonville -

In the head we find traces having a lateral motion, and its distal extremity, a pair of claws. which office, Duval the county general, Florida affairs of U.the S. A.com, at

of three segments from the three pairsof are used in chewing and masceratingthe The relative development of these legs pany shall power The said company
shall have
jointed appendages, and it is be- food. The maxilla are found be varies much according to the habits of hereinafter through provided its Board for to of open Directors -

lieved by many that two more seg- neath the mandibles. These are rather the insect. In the grasshopper it is other States offices Mexico in or such other places countries in the as United it may

merits are present whose appendagesare complicated structures, and will not be noticed that the last pair is fitted for deem necessary for the transaction of the said

the eyes and antenna The discussed further in this connection. jumping. In water insects the legs company's business.
Second. The object and business of the
'wings of insects do not fall under the Each maxilla bears a palpus or feeler. become greatly flattened enabling company shall be to acquire by purchase or

category of jointed appendages as This structure is doubtless very sensitive them to swim. In some insects they otherwise and other States real estate of the in United said county States or as Stato well

these are merely inflations of the external to touch, and it is also thought by become much reduced from parasitic as in Mexico and such other countries as may
be deemed best by the Board of Directors of
of the insect. Referring
the company,and to improve and develop the
:! again to the segment, the unit of same otherwise as well as to sell, mortgage, lease or
dispose it.
;;Structure in the arthropod, we find To
buy, sell and exchange all classes of
that an individual segment is composed stocks bonds, notes and mortgages.To .

of pieces more or less moveable borrowand loan moneyon such security,
terms and conditions as the company shall
upon each other. In the thoracic deem best.

segments we find this division carried Third The amount of capital stock shall
be Three Million ($3,000.000))( )
) dollars divided
the farthest. That this is necessary is into Three Hundred Thousand ((300,000)( )) shares
at once seen from the fact that there of Ten(10,00)) each, to be paid up as by-laws
may direct.
must be a greater freedom of move Fourth. Tho term of existence shall bo
ment here, to allow for the action of Patent.perpetual from date of issuing Letters

the wings in flight, and the legs in Fifth.> The amount of indebtedness of said
Fig. SCHISTOCERCA AMERICANA Adult. corporation shall at
: time
no exceed fifty((50))
walking and running. The abdominal per cent. of the par value of the stock issued.

segments do not show divisions to good- authorities to be the seat of the habits. It was stated that the wingsare not Sixth.less than A Board three of directors nor more, composed than eleven of

such an extent; however we recognizein senses of taste and smell. The labiumor not appendages. By this state- stockholders shall manage and control its af

an individual abdominal segment, lower lip forms the lower portion of ment it was meant that wings could not fairs iness and interests have general Said board supervision shall bo of its elected bus-

three subdivisions. That portion of the mouth It also bears a pair of be compared morphologically to the annually vided the at the time and in the manner pro-
by by laws of said corporation first
the which extends from the ;
segment feelers or pa1pi.Returning jointed arthropod appendage. They election of said board shall take place on the
sides over the back is known as the second Wednesday in December, A. D. 1897,
to the fixed parts of the have originated in quite a different and until which time the said board shall be
dorsum; the ventral portion is known It is believed that in composed of the undersigned incorporators,
head, we find that they form a box enclosing way. early geological who shall continue in office until their
'as the sternum. Where the dorsum suc
the interior parts of the head. times the progenitors of insects cessors are duly elected and qualified.
and sternum meet on each side thereis destitute of A variationin Seventh. The officers of said
Only one of these parts need be considered were wings. corporation
shall be
more or less evident divison knownas a President Vice President, Secro-
the of small side
here, the compound eyes. growth tary and Treasurer (one person may hold two
the turgum. These divisions in the the body wall seemed to be beneficial or more offices),who shall be elected annually
abdominal allow for all the This organ has long been a subject of by the Board of Directors. Tho Board above
segments them and hence selected to
to by the actionof servo until the first annual meeting -
movements necessary for the respira- much interest. It is in many respectsa natural selection shall chooso said officers to serve until the
remarkable structure. It is com- was preserved. first annual election and until their succes-
tion of the insect. It will be noticedin
These appendages were doubtless of sors are elected and qualified.
the study of an insect that the external posed of many single lenses grouped much their Eighth. Said corporation shall adopt by-
covering is more or less hard together in one large eye; as many as use to possessors, enabling laws consistent with the laws cf the State of ,
; them Florida and with these articles
to move more readily on of Incorporation -
this is made so by the deposition of an 20,000 may be found in a single com land and the continued for the managemen of its affairs;those
water. By first adopted shall be
The number of adopted by a majority
organic compound in the skin knownas eye. action of natural selection during a of all the shares of stock then issued;they
chitine. In vertebrates the skele- eyes situated in a compound eye varies may be amended or repealed in the manner
long period of time, a more perfect provided by said bylaws.In .
greatly in the different orders of in-
ton or the surface for the attachmentof
which witness whereof we have
appendage was developed enabled af
sects. In the dragon fly the bee and fixed our hands and
seals this
muscles is on the inside of the ani them leave the and seventh day ol
ground fly November A. ). I8SW.
beetle find the well de-
mal. In insects the skeleton is on we eyes quite
in the air. These thin membranous L. It. BENJAMIN. [Seal.]
the outside. To the inner surface of veloped. As to just how the insect is needs be J, C. GKBBLBY. lBCaI.J
must and
wings strengthened
this outside crust of an insect the va- enabled to see with this complicated the of II. HA11WIC, [Seal]
development wing veins followed STATE
rious muscles are attached which ena- structure is still under dispute, and as close the I or FLORIDA, } 83.T .
on wing development. County of Duval.
ble it to perform the various duties of to just how definitely an insect
A of the veins
study wing of insects On this day Personal) appeared before
its life. see has been a matter of much experi ,throws much light on their early his i, K. Benjamin, W. ?I. Harwjck, and J.me C.,

By a study of figure i, it will be ob- ment. It has been found that different tory, and affords us a clue_ to their I signed qrocley.to the foregoing me well known articles as of the incorporation persons who

'served that the body is divided into insects discern objects in widely differ- blood relationships. We trace i and acknowledged for the that they executed the

three distinct regions ; the head, the ent degrees of distinctness. In the with much certainty homologous may veins I same whereupon it is purposes prayed that therein tho same expressod-may be

thorax, and the abdomen. In the dragon fly the sense of sight is quite in different orders and families recorded.

Crustacea it is remembered there is no well developed. As a generalizationit of insects.many hand tn witness and seal whereof, this Seventh I have hereunto day of November set my

distinct division between the head and may be said that most insects are ,A. D. lint./ -
The abdomen consists of
the thorax. This is likewise true in not able to distinguish objects with ....._A ALLEN GREELEY.
'The illustrations used in this were 1 Notary Public,
the Arachnida. In the millipedes, or much certainty except when in motion. i secured throu h the kindness of Mr. L. Q. SEALj: State of Florida.
the head is able to I Howard U. S. Entomologist, from the United ) .
thousand-legged worms, They are readily distinguish States Department of Agriculture. -V- at Large.7Q

-- -- --
-- -
- -


1896.. ..._ .__. _d_" -_ __ ..___ T'THEFLORIDA flAfiMBft!' AKD 1I1ltl1T-GROW1i! 0 X49.



16 Main Street,

Would Announce SEASON

That They Have MadeSpecial

Preparations HOLIDAY .
For. 1 .
.., ,
---------------------" :


aSIT ..
AT .0. VERY ; i:4ow: O*

THEY are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver in
.the Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce
ments,write to us for samples and prices.

Printing and Book Binding a Specialty. .

TH'E: N EW BOOK: NORF.C. : '.,".. .

: W. DaCOSTA, Manager.
.... ..
'g' ::;' .. _
: ... ; 0
'" : '.. -. <. .. .- '


F 760 .


segments similar to each other. The ability that they will either benefit FOR SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres BOWKER'S ANIMAL MEAL. To rake hens
caudal of the abdomen of the female 390 acres. Excellent foi stock raising and grow. Our little book the
part themselves
or the trucker till a railway tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson Jacksonville, Egg tells all about 11. E. W. AMSDEN,
bears an organ known as the ov- commission in Florida, as in other Fla. 8-24-tf 9-i9-tf Ormond, Fla.

ipositor. This is of use in depositingeggs. States has
established living rates that IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres, 10 years
there is which in other fruit trees, etc. WIRE NETTING, best goods for the least
Perhaps treesj 50
no be
organ cannot raised as soon as the trucker For sale at a Address"F,"The Palms, Write lor latest price list E. W.
varies so much as this one, as each gets fairly established in his calling. Lane Park.Late County, Fla. 4 279111set AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. 9-iQ-tf

species has its own habits and manner Southern Ruralist.

of depositing its eggs. This has CORN MILLS AND SIIELLERS for fam- LOUISIANA) GRASS grass for(PASPALUM lawns and permanent PLA-

brought about a corresponding differ- THOUSANDS of farmers say that one arM ills $5.00,$40.00.Hand or Will power.make Shelters $2,50 pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000, by express; 3S
coarse grits or
rents per hundred,postage paid. W.II. POWERS,
ence in its structure; when accessible, tide in the RURAL NEW-YORKER is worth fine meal, oat+nat, graham flour. "Daisy" gar- Lawtey, Fla.BERKSIIIItE.
the more than the paper cost them for sev- den plow, $3.00. Address the Editor, Box 524,
ovipositor affords valuable charac Jacksonville Fla.
eral years. You get 52 papers every year BOAR IGS from thorough
teristics for specific classification. In for$1. We can send it and the FARMER stock. Entitled to eg-
some ichneumon flies a of AND FRUIT GROWER both for FOR SALE. 25 ACRE LE CONTE aster Write us for prices. Fisher & Powers
group par- one year Grove, trees set twelve years; right on Lawtey, Fla.MAMMOTH.
asitic insects, we find the ovipositorfour $2.50 and your money back for THE Ru- the! railroad. Five acres of it in the corporate
if limits of Monticello, Fla. Box 524 Jacksonville,
RAL want it.
or five inches long. In one spe- you Fla. BRONZE TURKEY GOBBLERS

cies which lays its egg in the burrowsof Rock Pullets. and,bens$1.25I.imited,reasonable prices.number.MRS P.

a wood-boring larva, it has become $100 worth for 10c. GENUINE Nunan,, Bessie Michele Cherokee Early., Stevens Colum GOMPERTS, Lady Lake, Fla. 10-24-3

remarkably developed. This insect, a Ito Send et.rt.10 Mat irRU Ulaitnted UBJUKI la book TOOT telling locality ho* and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000, $1.00. TREES AND BUD WOOD.
without eat 10 th,memben. Get it quick I 11 I JULIUS SCHN ADELBACH,Lock Box 4 Grand Bay, NURSERY
when it desires to deposit its eggs, l locates CITIZENS) LIBRARY A88: Ala. Parson Brown,Doone,Pineapple,
I..U runt"'".... JI.wl..lr. King, Ruby and Tardiff. Marsh Seedless and
as nearly as possible the burrs TREES-I WILL HAVE Triumph Grape Fruit. Villa Franca Lemon.
of the insect and begins at once to NURSERY of the most popular varieties 20,000 Geo. E. Snow. Eastlake, Fla. 10-31
for delivery this fall and winter. Send in
bore hole your
a the wood it.
through to
orders now, and be sure to set what you want. 11 ifcNEIL PEAS. Orange Trees and Buds.
Finding this, it deposits an egg in it, SMOKE YOUR Pric s and particulars on application. W. K. .LIl Limited supply of the celebrated McNeil
which hatches WITH Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla. Peas. A few Tardiff and Parson Brown trees on
soon and the larva
IUSERS UQDID EXtRpC1SI 01tgGu iOtf good strong sour roots, also a few thousand buds
crawling along the burrow, finds its for sale. Will guarantee satisfaction in every
itr.EKIIlIIl3ER3 BaEl OliPp, SMOOTH CAYENNE, ABBAKAand GOLDEN case. W. II. Mann, Manvllle, Putnam county,
victim and fastens itself to it, and de Pineapple Plants. All grown from Florida. 9-:2.6
it its fruiting plants at our Modelo Park Pinery. OR
stroys by sucking blood. UCENT- f' COLUMN. LANDO GRAPE AND FRUIT CO., C. S. Van
(To be continued.) Houten,Orlando, F'a. 10-10-6 WANTED. 3000 Orange Buds on Sour Stock.
size, and variety of buds, also
age and size of sour stock. E. H. Mote Lees-
Property or near Winter Three Months old. Cross
WANTED thorough Fla.
Abusing Transportation which I will give city property m i PIGS. Berkshire and Poland China. Heifer: 11-7-3
Companies. Council Bluffs, Iowa. Address E. D. Putney,,
part Jersey, eight monlhsotd. cheap. NURSERY TREES FOR SALE
Dora 80
Mt. Fla. 000
11-21- Parker&Cable, ,
Abusing the transportation compa Deluding seedling Grape Fruit,
11-7-3 Drayton Island, Fla. Hart's and
late Pineapple, Dancy Tan.
nies is
not the best possible way out RARE Fruit,Truck and Poultry Farm with -------- gerines, Budded Grape Fruit, Eureka Lemons,

of our present dilemma ; rather, we crop. Desirably situated. Ten acres. Address, NO EQUALS IN THE; STATE. SATSUMAtrees Seedless Fruit Grape Fruit;all buds on 4% year old
Fruit and Poultry, 115 East Bay Street. 11-21-3 on sweet stock, Hail's Late. Dane<<'y Grape stock. Very fine,prices reasonable
suggest, let us thoroughly can Tangerines a, d Parson Brawn, badded low BOWYER& STEPHENS, Lakeland, Fla. 10-10-8
the whole in trained to sticks. Buds to fret Limited
vass matter a friendly 4 7 high.
spirit ; let us confer through author terlachen, Pla. 10-10-10 A can profitably compete with Cubans in sup-
All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Car plying Northern cities with Okra in the early
ized agents with the men who devise ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet Paper spring. Plant from now on to the first of March.
and revise tariff sheets when Rind St. Michael, Pierces' Ruby. Jaffa, Pineapple Kfl 000 FIFTY THOUSAND IMPROVED Get my Early Smooth Green Pod Seed from the
possibleto Majorca, Cunningham, Jlomosassa and Newuau Strawberry Plants for Steckler eed Co.,518 Grader St., New Orleans.
reach them, and let us lay before Hart's Late Peruambuco, Improved, Triumph, sale at $1.50 per 1000 by'1'. F. Blackshear,Thorn The only profitable variety for shipping. W. S.
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless asville, Ga.
GrapeFruit 11-14-3 Buras,La. tt-t4-b
them our arguments for a more liberal 1 Satsuma, Tangerine and King All fine .
method of dealing. Let us show howa one year old buds, on four and five year old .
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock, Will
liberal policy on their part will fosteran feud dormant on contract to any varieties parties

industry which will supply these Correspondence may desire. Pine solicited.Kumquat Address Kudwood C. W.for sale.Fox, THE LAKE lAND NURSERIES

transportation companies with a large Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park. Lake ,
Co., Fla.
and increasing tonnage. That more

liberal rates might be granted by railroads AT A GREAT BARGAIN. Large Buds in C. M. IML&JRSH: : Proprietor.
and Large Stock. Will bear in a few years. Va- ,
express companies, with results rieties true to name. J. I? Derieux, Lakeland,
highly beneficial to everyone Fla. 11-14-4

concerned in the transaction, is, we LAMB'S SUMMER ORANGE TREES. Tan
think susceptible of demonstrable grafts on two to four inch rough Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
Lemon stock; also sour seedlings # to I inch
proof. It is that light may be shed stock. J.D,.Franklin, Mt. Dora Fla. 1[-14-4

upon this very important problem we

invite a temperate and full discussionof FRESH trees CAMPHOR 4 to 5 feet SEED, 50 cents$i per each.quart.T.Cam-K. General Stock.

the problem of marketing. Experience Godbey, Waldo, Fla. 11-14-3 Nursery

not theory, is what we are SOUTHERN SEED COMPANY, Glencoe.Ala-
Seed and Fancy Poultry. Catalogue -
after, and we trust we shall have a free Free.
interchange of opinion.-Farm and THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF

Ranch. d. 5TEnK ER SEED ED., bimicei>,

We endorse the above and tried it MARY T. FROTSCHER Successors to President, Orange, Lemon Lime and Grapefruit t Trees

on but were met something in the Richard Frotscher's Gravier Street Branch Store, ,

spirit indicated by the president of one Nos.518 and 520 Gravier St., New Orleans, La.
of the Eastern railway companies Importers and dealers in Flower, Field and We Make a Specialty of
Garden Seeds. Grasses, clover bulbs, seed po
when the public interests were referred tatoes and fruit trees in the ir season, Conducted SEEDLESS CITRUS
to who by relatives of the late Richard Frotscber. Order FRUIT TREES.
the bed
replied- public through Richard Frotscher's manual of 1896 or
-d.. Appeals to justice have send for one free. .

been ignored. We took the next stand ep SEE OUR LIFT BELO'-V.

gave pen pictures of unjust chargesand Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees, if fine trees and bed-
rock prices will do it. We have twen of Citrus trees
discriminations propagated on Sour,
; and by cartoons Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon t Seedling:> Hoots,as follows :
and other methods endeavored to

awaken public sentiment that should GET THE PURE PARSON BROWN BUD. ORANGES. LEMONS.

develop into a commission that should very low.have We have reduced no prices agents for here.our budwood Persons Dancy Tangerine, Eureka (seedless)

establish rates that would not drive wanting bud wood guaranteed pure Parson Brown Satsuma King, (seedless) Belair Premium and Genoa.
(Carney tree) should order direct from us. Now
from the State such as should come is the time for fall budding-wood well matured King Tangerine. POMELO or GRAPEFRUIT.

here to develop our broad acres till the and CARNEY prces very CO.,low. Address us Lake Weir,Fla. Kumquats (oblong and round). Marsh Seedless.
or John L. Carney. 10-10-6
Uuby Blood Excelsior. ,
railway companies should have enough .Joppa Late, (Seedless) Aurantium (sweet rind)
,. freights to justify lower rates, but asof Pineapple.Valencia Halls.
Late. ".
our correspondent stated increase ) Parson Brown, LIMES.

bulk increased freight rates becausethe St. Michael Blood, (paper rind) Tahiti (seedless)
Jaffa (Sanford's). .
companies thought the growerscould Hart1 Tardiff, (Sanford's). ; MISCELLANEOUS.

stand it or they would not be FRUIT TREES, VINES, Centennial. Persimmon Plums, Chestnuts and
PLANTS and NUT Boone's Early. Trees.
increasing the product. In destroy l ? TREES. Mediterranean Sweets, (Sanford's.) Strawberry and Pineapple Plants etc.

ing the truckers and fruit the Kli'Sfc, dense Southern Orchards Gar-
growers IvIvWjMB+ and Groves.
No For
agents descriptive catalogue and price-list apply to
railway companies are destroying their wM pk Write for price list. R ,

carrying trade, and there is little prob- 2s2S-HM; N25INGThomaevglBla Ga.CO., C. :M. MArsH,

XtaIJ:1an.c2, Fla.

__ _u __ -- -- -I -" WI __ __ __ "' '_ -- -. --o-- ; ..:.
---I _


I .

189& THE >FLORIDA ,FAfcMEfc AtfD F tt1MkOWJm.: .761

.- --.. '



,. 1I


,< ILrwa //
j,' .:
,-. l: r

e .
: :

( r //l

G. M. SORREL, Manager. '

5T The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as t.iii .

follows : i"c '


Pier 35, North IUver-5 I'. M.
City of Augusta ...... .... ......................... ... ....,................ Tuesday, Nov. 3
KannaH City........................... ................... ... ............Thursday Nov, 5 '141
i Tallahassee .......... ......... ............... ........I... ... ....S...........Saturday, Nov. 7
City of Itlrnilngham ...... ........................ ., .......... ....... ... Tuesday, Nov. 10 .
City of Augusta .................... .. .... .... .........................e ...Thursday Nov. 12 / : S
Kansas City .................. .................. ................. ........ ... Saturday, Nov 14 S oon
Tallahassee ............ ... ............................................... ........ Tuesday Nov. 17 I
City of lilrmlnghaui. ...... ....... .... ................. ...... ........... ...Thuisday, Nov. 19 -
City of Augusta..... .. ... ............................................. Saturday, Nov.21
Kansas City... ............ .... ........................ ... .......... .....Tuesday, Nov. u .
Tallahassee .... ...... ... ....... ............... .............. ...............Thursday, Nov. 20
City of lllrmlnghani..... ........ .......................... ...............-Saturday, Nov. 28
G. M.SORRKLL, Manager, New Pier No.35, North River.


Nacoochee. .......... ...................................... ...................... Tuesday, Nov. 13 Fintst CiiislHeand 8.1'; '>. JVo llellrl't'n ,lark.ourUls and York.
Chattahoochee ....... ......... ... .. ............ ....... ...... ............... .... Friday, Nov. 6 (( Transfers Nero
Gate City ............................................................ ..............Tuesday, Nov. 10 The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Nacoochee.................................u................u.. ...............Saturday,Nov. 14
Chattahoochee...... ........................ ........................... ...... Wednesday Nov. 18 "
1 Gate City.... ...................... ..... .............................. ............ Saturday, Nov. 21 "Comanclie" (new), "ilgonpn, Iroquois "Cherokee "Seminolo'NORTH .
Nacoochee ............... .... ...................... .. ........................:Thursday, Nov. 26 ,
RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents, Lewis's Wharf. -


Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. are appointed to sail according to the tide.

STEAMER: From JACKSONVILLE FLA. ( at Charleston ......... ....,... and
City of Macon (freight only) .................. .... ......... .. ... ... ...,.......TuesdayNov.loCity calling ), Sunday,Tuesdays Thursday
of Macon (freight only) ........ ..... ........ ........ ................ ...... Friday, Nov. 20 From CHARLESTON, S. C., .................. .. ... ...... ......... Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays.
City of Macon (freight only) .. ..... ............ ........ ... ........Monday, Nov. 30 For hours of sailing see "Clyde.ine" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13 South Third Street.


Central; ((00* Meridian) Time-as below. are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

Tallahassee.. .....Tuesday, Nov 3, 4 oo p. m. CityoCAugusta..TuesdayNov.17, 3.30p.m. CHARLESTON, S. C.. .......................................... Mondays, Wednesdays and FridaysFor
City of Birm'gh'ra..Ths, Nov 5, 530 p.m. Kansas City......Thursday, Nov. 19. 4 30 m.
p. .......... ..
City of Augusta....(Saturday, Nov 7, 7.00 p.m. Tallahassee. ..Saturday Nov. 21, 5.30 p. m. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
Kansas City.- ..Tuesday, Nov. 10, 8.00 p. m. City of Birm'gh'm.. Tuesday, Nov. 24 9.00a. m.
Tallahassee........Thursday, Nov. 12, n.ooa. m. City of Augusta!: ...Tursday, Nov, 26, 8 oo p. m,
City of Birm'h'm.. Saturday SAVANNAH, N<.". 14 i. o p. m. TO Kansas BOSTON.City... ....Saturday, Nov.28, II.OO a. m. CliYDE'S ST. JOHfiS 1IVER IiINE

Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. DE BARY LINE.

Gate City....... Wednesday Nov. 4, 4.00p.m. Nacoochee... ....Friday Nov. 20, 5.00 p. m. Jacksonville, 1'tilatkti, Sanford, Enterprise, :Finland Intermediate
Nacoochee .......... Monday, Nov. 9, 8.00 p.m. Chattahoochee. ...Tuesday, Nov. 24, 7,00 p.m. Landings on the St. Johns Jiirer.
Chattahoochee.... Thursday Nov. 12, n.ooa. m. \Gate City............Friday, Nov. 27, B.OO p.m.
Gate City... ...... Monday, Nov 16, 3.00 p. n;. The Elegant: Iron Side-Wheel Steamer


((00 Meridian) Time-aa below. CAPT. W A. SHAW,

City of Macon.... Thursday, N.v. 5, 5.20 p. I City of Macon...Wednesday, Nov.25 830. a. m.. Is appointed to sail as follows:
City of Macon....... Sunday, Nov. 15, i oo a. m'l I| Leave Jacksonville. Sundays Tuesdays and Priday at 3.30 p. m.
Returning Leave Sanford........................Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 9 co a. m.
C. G.ANDERSON, AGENT. Savannah, Ga Read Down. Read Up.

Leave 330 p. m. ...... ..................Jacksonville........... .. ...... Arrive 3.30a.m.
u 845 p m. ...................... .... Palatka................... ..... .. Leave 9.00 p. m.
ESTABLISHED 1875. 3.00 a. m. .................. ... .Astor.... ........................ I' 4.00 p. m.
W. A. HOURS. J. B. BODRS. 4.30 a m. St. Francis......................... it m,
...... .... ...... .. ..................... .. ... Beresford .... ................. ..... itit 2.30 1.30 p.p.m.
Arrive 8.30 a. m................. ..... ...Sanford............... ........._ ...... .. 9.00a.m
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. 9.25 a. m........................... Enterprise................... ...... 9.30 a. m.
...... ..... .... .. ........ ..............So.. Fla. R. R. Wharf.... ............... i.oo a, m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St, Jacksonville
Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,

A. J. COLE Gen.Pas. ger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.M. .
II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
CO WEST HA'I T., lONVILL, FLA. TIIKO. G. KGKK, Traffic Manager Bowling Gieen, New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida ,foot Street Jacksonville
Freight Agent Hogan ,Fla.
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville. Fla.

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
13 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.
-- ----
Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark. HEADQUARTERS FOR IIIGII GRADE

Tugert-Illen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,

Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, Jff-. Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed

GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. i.ooo bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats,75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
SULPHATE POTASH, pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.

Orange FERTILIZER.Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, Etc P.' F. WILSON, SEEDSMAN,

These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and i trial will conrince.:
Bead for Catalogue free. GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA.


i 0

. -.



I. \ ;..


GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the ? o
requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in ___ j .
't strong, handsome Bags,which don't rot.mThe : Y-
cheapest brand for the quality in the ,
A '"" market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural
-% .. Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. ?


,, '; The old reliable EUREKA has never been : ,, (
; superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the '
fungus growth.
Pure k .

Animal Fer il1zers. A certain destru&ion to the Aleyrodes Citri(White Flyand) other i 1, '
Matter families of Scale,at all periods of their development. Fatal to the i'' t
Spider, and other inseFis affe&ng Pineapples and Vegetables. r i -

t. 1, x


Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of flit) best makes, at / '
Manufacturers' 1'rices. '+ '' lIRIW COCK


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N k o T & YERS SPRI fP l .

JoeI-04 ..tI.

-- E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

.. L:
--- ------ -- --

Bursted Bubbles. $3,000 off of ten acres. It made me investigation. These forty-seven growers deliver to depot it leaves them but

but $500.A shipped 88,000 crates $1.44
We remember seeing rather nearly 200 per acre.
large figures around some the neighbor of mine whom you also crates apiece; the gross sales amountedto L. S. LIG liT."
going papersof mention as making $400 off of three- $92ooowhich amount was dividedas -
the State as to the returns of some
Marion from fourths of an acre of lettuce, out of a follows: The freight charges was Mr. George I. Russell, this ciy, has
ble county growers vegeta- crop of forty acres in vegetables, failedto $45,000, the commissions $9,000; returns received a car load of 2,190 pineap

crops. realize enough to settle his fertilizer to the growers, $38,000. The ple crates, which is a pretty good lot,
Some of these warm defenders of i bill, and turned over to the fertilizer growers estimated that it cost them to and shows that the pioneer grower of

the present rates on vegetables took I company his stock and farming make and deliver a bushel crate of that fruit is preparing for heavy ship-

especial pains to spread these truthful implements to settle that bill alone, vegetables 40 cents; a barrel crate, $i ments from his pinery this season/

accounts to the world, as showing how leaving the crate men, etc., unpaid. (it can't be done for that amount), but Orlando Reporter.

profitable vegetable growing was, and The man had best of land to work reckoning the above at 40 cents and Daniel Fisher, a native of Tallahassee -

that the present rates were not too with, and his own family did most of $i per crate as per list, the total amountto settled at Tampa a few years ago,
Mr. L. S. of
Light was one the cultivation etc. This is the
general have delivered these vegetables to where he is now a prosperous dairyman. -
these fortunates and he has burst this
rule, and occasionally in this depot amounts to $36,000, leaving a Last spring he came here and
bubble in the communication
following locality a lucky hit draws a good prize.I balance of $1,440 to be divided bought a carload of fine Jersey milch
published in recent issue of the
.. Agriculturist have been trying to get at the exact amongst the whole lot, or $20.64 cows in Leon county. He was so well

: truth about the profits of vegetable apiece for a whole year's work, or a pleased with them that he came again

Editor Florida Agriculturist: growing in this neighborhood, and profit on an average of i% cents per this week for a second carload.Floridian. -

In the columns of your paper there have gotten together the shipments, crate. We do not know the numberof .

appeared lately certain pieces givingthe returns, etc., of forty-seven of our acres planted, but say 1,000. Then A five-year-old Tangerine tree in .

wonderful profits of vegetable largest, best and most intelligent grow the railroad company received $45 per Mr. Broberg's lot brought in last year

growing, conveying to the ignorant, ort ersand say these vegetables have been acre for their services, the commissionmen thirteen dollars from fruit and fifty

a stranger to the business, that it is grown mostly on new hammock lands, $9 per acre for their trouble, the dollars from bud-wood. That is a good

a very pleasant business. My name the very best vegetable land in the growers $38 for their trouble, and turnout for one tree in one year.-

appeared in many papers as realizing State, and give you the resnlts of this after deducting the cost to make and Manatee Advocate









,, III
t GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the :
r' J, requirements and perfect mechanical] condition, in ai
strong, ]handsome Bags,which don't rot. -
B3P"t: The cheapest brand for the quality in the ,
market. Cottonseed Meal], Tobacco Stems, Agricultural 1'
__ Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. "

t __ -The old reliable EUREKA has never been
rZU ",,', superceded.fungnsgrowth.It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the ;; \\ -11\1'
' Pure '1 I 4.
Animal FC rt 11 A certain destruAion i tolhe AleyrodesCitrif(White Flyandother) t '
flatter i rs. 'amlllesofScale,at all periods of their development. Fatal to the ,
Spider, and other insedsafledling Pineapples and Vegetables. 1 S ,, .
--fir S (

, liultber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of flit best lakes, at %/Sl 1
r UfII"
Manufacturers' Prices. COCK

.o4..... .


THE BEST MADEJacksonville

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NiB p o f =' Q YER Il.f S PRA'l PuMP w .


E. BEAN, Fla.

--- -- --

Bursted Bubbles. $3,000 off of ten acres. It made me investigation. These forty-seven growers deliver to depot it leaves them but

We remember rather but $500.A shipped 88,000 crates, nearly 200 $1.44 per acre.
seeing some neighbor of mine whom you also crates apiece; the gross sales amountedto L. S. LIGHT."
large figures around the
going papersof mention as making $400 off of three- $92,ooo,which amount was dividedas .
the State as to the returns of
:Marion from some fourths of an acre of lettuce, out of a follows: The freight charges was Mr. George I. Russell, this ciy, has

ble county growers vegeta- crop of forty acres in vegetables, failedto $45,000, the commissions $9,000; returns received a car load of 2,190 pineapple

crops. realize enough to settle his fertil- to the growers, $38,000. The crates, which is a pretty good lot,
Some of these warm defenders of izer bill, and turned over to the fertil- growers estimated that it cost them to and shows that the pioneer grower of

the present rates on vegetables took izer company his stock and farming make and deliver a bushel crate of that fruit is preparing for heavy ship

especial pains to spread these truthful implements to settle that bill alone, vegetables 40 cents; a barrel crate, $tit ments from his pinery this season.
accounts to the world, as showing how leaving the crate men, etc., unpaid. ( can't be done for that amount), but Orlando Reporter.

profitable vegetable growing was, and The man had best of land to work reckoning the above at 40 cents and Daniel Fisher, a native of Tallahassee -

that the present rates were not too with, and his own family did most of $i per crate as per list, the total amountto settled at Tampa a few years ago,
Mr. L. S. of
high. Light was one the cultivation etc. This is the
gen- have delivered these vegetables to where he is now a prosperous dairy '
these fortunates and he has burst this
eral rule, and occasionally in this depot amounts to $36,000, leaving a man. Last spring he came here and
bubble in the following communication locality a lucky hit draws a good prize.I balance of $1,440 to be divided bought a carload of fine Jersey milch
published in a recent issue of the
a have been to at the the whole lot in Leon He
Agriculturist trying get exact amongst or $20.64 cows county. was so well
: truth about the profits of vegetable apiece for a whole year's work, or a pleased with them that he came again

Editor Florida Agriculturist: growing in this neighborhood, and profit on an average of i cents per this week for a second carload.Floridian. -

In the columns of your paper there have gotten together the shipments, crate. We do not know the numberof .

appeared lately certain pieces givingthe returns, etc., of forty-seven of our acres planted, but say 1,000. Then A five-year-old Tangerine tree in -

wonderful profits of vegetable largest, best and most intelligent grow- the railroad company received $45 per Mr. Broberg's lot brought in last year

growing, conveying to the ignorant, ort ersand, say these vegetables have been acre for their services, the commissionmen thirteen dollars from fruit and fifty

,' a stranger to the business, that it is grown mostly on new hammock lands, $9 per acre for their trouble, the dollars from bud-wood. That is a good

a very pleasant business. My name the very best vegetable land in the growers $38 for their trouble, and turnout for one tree in one year.-

appeared in many papers as realizing State, and give you the resnlts of this after deducting the cost to make and Manatee Advocate.1fI'j. .



.. ,
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: : : TI



c; : AND PRUIT==GkWER.. '. ;1

o .
Q -
.-- 't ,
8. Powen Editor. vol. VIII. No. 48.
r ,

The Largest Fruit Growers FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDA.

: v : HIGHEST Know the Best Varieties and the Plums (over 30 varieties, Wickson, lied June, Hale, White Kelsey, 18 new
kinds). Peaches,(Sneed Triumph,Suber,over 70 varieties). Pears, Kaki,Nuts,
: QUALITY BEST REFS I TO PhAIfi.1JQWEST Grapes,Oranges, Lemons, Pomelos, Kumquats,Hoses,etc. .

Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and
,PFj1CE5 Wo shipped more peaches from our own orchards thi
season than all other growers in this section combine)
J'tJI:1G'UT: and made big MONEY at it.
Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.

Y A handsome,65-page Catalogue for 1896-97,with over 50 engravings. Gives
b ; t I WHO ARK FRUIT GROWERS, adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions;< recent experience
in orchard and market with varieties new and old,with full cultural in
formation. TbisUpToDate .
Everything for the South. HORTICULTURAL HAND-BOOK FREE

Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes,
1' TT f Investigation into the Requirements of Florida Orchards.YflOp .
Nuts, Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc. 15 { Experience and Experimenting in Growing Florida Fruits. .

350: Varieties. A MILLION and a half trees. Over 300 acres I Utll U [ Extensive propagation of Trees for Florida Planting. .
No BETTER stock to select from. None so LARGE.New .
Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations, 26 New Photographic Views, Free on
application. GLEN ST. MARY NURSERY CO.
THE GRIPPING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny. G.TABER, President. .
A. II.MANVILLE, Secretary.
Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla


i1 W. W. HAWKINS & SONSAre handle no Commission Seed but receive direct from such well-known Seed

Growers as Ely, Landreth, Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc.
of 189C-197.
offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season

and All from of Hearing our Nursery trees.Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low CabbaJe-Buist'sFlorldalIeader......,.,..................... ........Pkg.5 20 Oz. X 00'lb. 2.00.lb.
Cauliflower-Henderson's 25 |2.GO 18.00 2000
* VARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE TO NAME. * Onion-Bermuda 5 20 40 1.00
UnionBermudaVbite.. 5) 20 tt) 1.50
Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low. Tomato-Livingstons. Any variety... .............. .......... 5 20 50 1.75
Send postal for Descriptive catalogue to .
'V.V.. HAWItllVSs SS 501\T6.<
Georgetown, Fla Write for price list. BURTON K. HARES
Jacksonville. ,Fla. .

: The Co. .
DQiluaaakeenplottida Otfancje ORANGE TREES. .,


y Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experienceof
thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely i
known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown,
+ -;' + + BUDDING WOOD. + + + +
Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa,Majorca Ruby Blood,Stark's or Enterprise
,Pineapple, Ilomosassa and Tangerine. Turdiff and King,Duncan and:Marsh Seed-
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat(superior Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.

a ; to the round). Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to cor Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to
The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices.

Milwaukee Florida: Orange Co., 8Ul\Jl\JIT: : riiTRt9IDRII

T DUNEDIN, FLA. Monticello,Fla. -

r. j I

From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. 'A full line of Pears and SOMERS BROTHER & CO. The' -l"
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months. Largcgt
Fruits and ProduceBeoeive
Trifoliata stocks one,two and. three years old. All stock clean and healthy. Send for Interesting Host
: and aen.in car load lot and smaller
OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NURSERIES, quantiuea.all Products of UK .Garden
Dairy Hennery and Farm.
J. H. GIRARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla. Bend for our little boot"Suroeetknu to Shippen Mute) 9. __ pletD
Reports,Special Reference, ,
KteaelU etc. all free. i
Inquiries and Correspondence I InvitediREAS01EB.BROTHERS. Esta1J.lishment.


stock of this popular variety will be ready for delivery by October ist. Beware of spurious South.
Italian and California stock sold by northern houses at f 2 to f 1.50 per pound. vq Send for CATALOGUE Annual Descriptive ,

newly issued and revised. Geo. S. Hacker & Son
OUR SEED ARE contains everything _
by the Horticul- Manufacturers of .
Varieties,White and Red,Packet 5 cents; J$ oz.15 cents: ; i oz; 25 cents; %Ib.85 cents; O' and andTRBKS laut-lover.for MATERIAL /.fBUILDING
x Ib. {5.00 post paid. Window Lawn
Greenhouse. Largest CHARLESTON S. C, J
Uon to select from Purchase our makes,which we guaranteesuperior
H. G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN, in the South. money. to any sold South,and thereby save

Catalogue free on application. r J -
< I "'
.' .>
." ,_ __"4

-J t e'.

.., .I.

-- -
.. .

; r -; .: :



i: 4
Direct from Factory at Wholesale Prices. 30 per cent saved.
\Guaranteed years. Write at once for new beautifully Illustrated .
\ MIND I Notice is >J page Catalogue snowing latest styles in large variety,from a$10 cart to fcj
hereby given of the intention of y
the most In plain figures. Testimonials from JT *
the undersigned to his Excellency. "AN ora4.141' every state. utghestaawardds at Worlds Fair and Atlanta Exposition.A N wu../e0
k MORALS. Henry L. Mitchell, Governor of the State of Write to-day. CaUlof fr... AiLXAKCB CABBIAQE CO., 128 But Court Street, Clielnattl,Ohio.
Florida, for Letters Patent on the following
''I proposed Articles of Incorporation of the
COMPANY of Jacksonville, Florida in pur-
suance of Section 2125 of the Revised Statutesof
The thereto.the State of Florida and the amendments NOW READY FOR FALL PLANTING.We .

Dated at Jacksonville, Fla., this the third
Florida day of November, A. D 1896.HAROLD have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour

WESTON and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having
ERNEST G. PHINNEY.JOHN been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.
F Agricultural Following varieties guaranteed true to name:

Is supported by grants from the National and GRAPE FRUIT.A .
Government. All tuition free to all students OF THE
from Florida. Open to males and females. cents few each.hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3 to 4 feet. Price,50 and 75
Women board with families in town. Men ATLANTIC COAST & EXPORT LUMBER
board at College Mess Hall for $10.00 per BUDWOOD.
month. A most healthy location. College COMPANY.
surgeon attends aU students free of charge. Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reduced
Military discipline under a graduate of West in October on some varieties. For full particulars,
Point. Four courses of instruction,-Agricultural addressHASTINGS
. The undersigned do hereby propose to associate WYLIE,
Mechanical Latin Selenitic' and
themselves together for the purpose of
TFonun'8. Superior equipment in Labora being incorporated under and by virtue of Interlachen, Fla.
tories. Gives degrees of B.H.and A.B. Bus- the laws of Florida,and adopt the followingas
iness Course giving free instruction in Pen- the proposed charter.
manship, Book Keeping,Business Law, Short
Hand Type Writing and Telegraphy. Fall ARTICLE I.
Term opens Monday, Oct.5th 1896. For catalogues The name of this corporation shall be the BUDDED
giving full information address "ATLANTIC COAST & EXPORT LUMBER 15,000 TREES
COMPANY,"and its principal place of business -
0. CLUTE, President, shall be in the City of Jacksonville in the
Lake City Fla. State of Florida. All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon

ARTICLE II. roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.

The business to be conducted by this cor- Also strawberry plants of newest varieties and a full line of
poration shall be the buying, selling and tropicaland
: shipping of lumber and timber of all kinds. semitropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.

JflJJjJJjJJff ARTICLE III. Catalogue on application.
The amount of Capital Stock of this corpor-
ation shall be Fifty Thousand Dollars, to be
divided into five hundred shares of one hun- JOHN B. BEACH Indian River Nurseries
dred dollars each twenty-five thousand dol- ,
lars of which shah be paid upon the issuanceof
A (Established 1886.)
Zoological Clearing House.We .
Letters Patent by the transfer to said corporation .
are not only fencing the animals in the leading of the lumber business now owned WEST PALM BEACH FLA.
park but furnishing specimens, when needed,and and conducted by the firm of H. Weston & ,
buying tbelr surplus. In this way whole droves of Co., including all machinery, lumber,crossties -
deer, elk and buffalo have changed: hands and< the contracts, accounts notes and all other
Pave keeps right on holding them. assets of every kind and description belong-
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.. Adrian.Mich. ing to said firm or appertaining to said busi-
ness. The remainder of said capital stock to JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD,
be issued at such time as may be determined Vice President.
by the Board of Directors and paid for in H. T. BAY A, THOS. W. CONRAD
cash at its par value. Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

'r loridaMACK ARTICLE IV. CAPITAI1 $100,000.

ands The term of this corporation shall begin
with the issuance of the Letters Patent and _

Oranges continue for twenty-five years.ARTICLE V. THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK,

The business of this corporation shall be JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
conducted by a President,a Treasurer and a
. j esorts Secretary and a Board of three Directors.The Respectfully aolielts your Deposits,Collections and General
Stockholders shall meet on the first
Monday in January,A. D. 1897, and annually Banking
investments thereafter,at their General office in the City -
of Jacksonville and State of Florida,and electa

Developments Hoard President of three, a Treasurer Directors., a Secretary and a Depositors offered every facility: which, their bal-

Until the first annual election the businessof ances, business and responsibility warrant.
the corporation shall be conducted by Harold -
( Attractions Weston as President, Ernest G. Phinney
as Treasurerand John II. ZaringasSecretary, TO RENT FROM $5.00
? Address and by said Harold Weston, Ernest G. Phin PER YEAR UP.IDIIt.EOTORM
r .
ney and John II. Zaring as i recto rs. ,

'CCMCRAL PASSENCCQ ACCNT The highest amount of indebtedness<< to |
which this corporation may at any time sub- I John L. Marvin, Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin,
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LIME:, ject itself, shall be fifty thousand dollars. I H. T. Baya. W. M. Davidson, Judge R. B. Archibald.

11\ ... .. ARTICLE VII. Dr. H. Robinson.
.1'r .nm'' 1
The name and residences of the corporatorswho _. .
are subscribers hereto,are as follows:

HAROLD WESTON,Waltham, Mass. The Times
ERNEST G.PHINNEY,Jacksonville,Fla. Tampa very wisely says
JOHN H.ZAKINQ,Jacksonville, Fla. QUICK WORK "go slow on the kola nut craze. In

AMERICAN;; the discharge of its special duty as

State of Florida, j I _*. In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg disbeliever-general in rainbow gold
of Duval. j
County etables shipped to us is our motto. WK
Personally appeared before me, a Notary GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS for the State of Florida the Times
Public in and for said County and State, Harold FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER it is
Weston, Ernest G. Phinney and John H. BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby says compelled to drop a wordof
Zaring, who,each for himself,acknowledged our 40 yean experience without defaulting caution relative to the magical ko.
PLANT1 that he is a subscriber to the capital stock of i a dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
the ATLANTIC COAST & EXPORT LUMBER financial stability which any bank or la nut just now being so widely and
COMPANY and that he subscribed his name to merchants having mercantile reports can skillfully advertised. It advises its
the foregoing proposed articles of incorporation verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
well begun is half done. Hegln of said company.IN METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send readers not to go to any cash expensein
well by getting Ferry's Stpds.
Don't let chance determine j I WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereuntoset your cards name free.for Letters our quotations. Stendl and relation to it.
your crop, but plant Ferry's'' my hand and affixed my official seal promptly answered.
Seeds. Known and sold at Jacksonville, Fla., this the Third A Farmers' Co-operative TobaccoGrowers'
everywhere. day of November A. D. 1806. FRENCH & CO.
Before you plant,getFerry's [Seal] HENRY C. GOODELL. Association, with twenty-

Seed Annual Notary Public.- 116 Warren St., New York. seven members, has been formed at

for 1S&) Contains more pray\ The phosphate works near Arcadiastart ESTABLISHED 1855. Ft. Meade, the members agreeing to
tlcal information for farmers)
and gardeners than many high- work with a full force of hands. plant from a half acre to five acres

priced text books. Mailed free. This is each as experimental crops.Times.
D,H.I'EltltT A CO, DETROIT,MKU. good news to our unemployed

men.Champion.The The Baker County Press notes a

Land Pebble Phosphate Com BRASS BAND contract for building an eight-mile

pany's works which have been Instruments Drums,Uniform,EQuIp.
shut men t for Bands and Drnm Corp Low. railroad into the timber prostrated by

The East Coast Railroad will transport down for some weeks are resuming Mt Illa8tmiaiuMaffaf/re price ever quoted. Fine ftgly..Band CtUlor,400 the hurricane, with forty or fifty men
nursery stock south from Titus- operations and will run on full time. Music"lD truet.'n.for Amateur BaDde. already at work grading, and a pros.

"'ville, for ninety days, at half rates. -Bartow Courier-Informant. .u...LYON lli.M*WtbMk& IIEALY ATMM,,CUetl3. pect of another. '


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yTt t Y

'2 PER '2 PE -

Grove $ Orchard.Peaches barnyard manure, cotton seed meal, who now season with oranges their England are heaped with two or three
blood and bone or dried fish. With usual frugal meal of corn bread and hundred more to save duties. Then
all these there is a tendency to root fried fish. In the gardens everybody the boxes go to the carpenters, who
in South Florida. i knot. The fertilizer should be madeof helps himself indiscriminately. The nail on the top and they are ready for
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: boneblack, sulphate of ammonia, trees are so extremely prolific that no i shipment. The bulk of.the crop is
In spite of the fact that many planters and sulphate of potash with a trace of one knows what to do with the crop.It shipped to England, where the "St.
of peaches have failed to realizea nitrate of soda. can neither be sold nor given away, Michael" orange, as the fruit of all
profit in this section, it is well proven Do not sow oats, cow peas or any and usually thousands upon thousands the islands is called, is more highly
that peaches will pay. Location, other plant in your peach orchard. ot bushels rot on the ground or are esteemed than that of any other part
variety, cultivation, fertilization, and Crab grass will come in during Octo- given to the swine. Your acquaintances of the world. The average annual l
methods of shipment are all factors of ber and November and make a good welcome you to their gardens exportation to England from Ponta
success.A mat to plow under in January. with eager, ill-concealed delight. You del Gada alone is 467,564 boxes, and
high grade of high pine land or The second year the trees should are urged to eat all you want directly i the average price realized is $1.50 per
a superior flat woods soil with the receive six pounds of complete fertil-- from the trees, and are compelled to box.
hardpan four feet or more below the izer. Two in January when plowed; fill your pockets. Then, lest you are Some 300 sailing vessels and 40
surface are good locations. If thereis two in :March and two in April. If not yet fully supplied,a heaping basket steamers are now annually employedas
heavy timber on the north and west you have followed directions your tree is sent home to you by a servant. transports! for orange cargoes.
sides so much the better for the peach roots permeate all the soil by April, This plentitude is at first bewildering- Commercially San Miguel is the
enjoys and thrives best in sheltered so you should scatter well. accustomed, as we have been at home, queen of the group, but the orangesof
localities. Thin your peaches as soon as one to paying five cents each for even poor Fayal are the best raised in the .
The soil should be prepared at inch in caliper to about one hundredto oranges. Here we purchase of the Azores. The United States market
once by plowing and harrowing. If a tree and later take off all that are dealers from ten to fifty for a single has never been supplied to any ex
it is a tough sod, a cutaway harrow stung or malformed.In cent-fresh and juicy, and each one tent with the Azorean oranges. It
should be used every week until readyto :May and June you should havea like a cup of liquid honey. I have often takes a sailing vessel too long on a
plant. peck to a tree of high grade fruit been to the market and filled my winter voyage to land them in good
Order five to six feet trees at once and only seventeen months from hands and pockets with the choicest condition; but now that steamshipsmake
for delivery not later than January i. planting. A. L. R. fruit culled from a two-bushel basket, the journey, they may go into
If you will allow me to dictate I should Lake county. ...... and then gone away with a debilitate the business more largely.
say two-thirds of Bidwell's Early and 4 ing sense of meanness at receiving a .
one-third'Valdo is a right proportionfor St Michael Oranges.Mrs. half cent in change for the single cent Letter from DeSoto County.
this locality. I am fruiting Bid- Fannie B. Ward, in one of intended for payment. As for windfalls Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
well's Early, Bidwell's Late, Waldo, her syndicate letters of travel, writes no one ever thinks of eating them We are having extreme dry weather
Red Ceylon, Peento, Yura-Yum, Maggie entertainingly of oranges in the and they have no marketable value." and it has been weeks since we have
and others and find that Bidwell's Azores. Such an over abundance as On all the islands orange gardens had any rain.
Early brings first money and best she describes may one day make an- monopolize a large portion of the The crop of vegetables is light as the
money of all. It is handsome, large, other strong argument for a high available land. The Saracens, who rates are too high in comparison with
early, and if well grown, of good tariff on oranges. once swarmed over this country, prices to realize anything from ship-
flavor. It your tree is five to six feet Fresh fruits and vegetables come to brought their favorite fruit with ments.
you will, under good culture, get a your table at 'their best in January; them, and every seed they droppedseems There will be a large area plantedin
peck or more of peaches from it within and as for oranges-the golden apples to have taken root and flour- the spring. If the transportation
seventeen months of planting. A from the garden of Hesperides could ished. The groves are all surroundedwith companies would reduce the rates: on
two to three.feet tree must have an not hold a candle to them. Ripe walls of lava rock, from fifteento vegetables they would make much
extra good chance to do this. oranges are gathered as early as October twenty feet high, to protect the more money. As things stand now
Don't buy your trees outside of; but the first fruits are rather trees from occasional gales, with bro- the margin over expenses is not more
Florida. sour eating and the harvest is not at ken glass thickly set in the mortaron than enough to cover cost of gather
When trees have arrived heel themin its best before Christmas. Then the top to discourage thieves from ing, packing and other expenses.A .
close to planting ground, using whole landscape seems golden, and climbing over. There is a heavy great many will now engage in
water to wash soil among roots. there is such an overwhelming supplyof ironbound door in the wall, with a the cultivation of tobacco, being ableto
Stake off 18x18 or 20x20, and dig them all winter long that you see, stone cross set over it, and usually a cut two crops from one planting.
over the spot where you intend to plantat hear, smell and taste of little but laran- "lucky horse-shoe" to warn away Some of the growers have employedan
least a foot in depth and four feet Jas-the Portuguese word.for oranges. witches and duppies. The trees are expert on tobacco, and the peoplewill
in diameter, throwing out all trash The markets are crowded with planted separately in rows, and are soon learn to manage the crops
and grass roots. Shorten the roots a them, and every shop, big or little, commonly propagated by layers, but themselves.Free .
little. Cutting back to stubs an inch has one in its doorway, among other sometimes by grafting or by seed. silver is no longer heard of,
long may do for a two to three-feet symbols of trade-for lettered "signs"are Those raised by layers bear in three being snowed under too deep to ever
tree, but we wish to get there the first not used in Azores. In all the years, and reach their prime in fourteen be resurrected. So mote it be. The
year. Cut back the top to within city streets and country lanes you years. By grafting, a productive orange crop is still on the trees, as theyare
twelve or fourteen inches of the bud meet men and women bearing great orchard is not secured under ten later ripening than usual. .
apd all side branches to within one baskets of the fruit on their heads, years. Seedlings require the longest There is now but little evidenceleft

bud of the main stem. Set not over and donkeys with bulging panniers of time of all, but are not the most prolific, of the freeze. The trees in this
an inch deeper than the tree stood in it, and a constant procession of ox and are said to be less subject to the vicinity were not badly hurt. This is
the nursery. The novice is apt to get carts bringing oranges in boxes from rind worm. The old trees bear the the home of the grange. Some groves
trees too deep.V ork the best and the rural districts to the wharves and best fruit-thin-skinned and seedless. have changed ownership, but the
richest soil among the roots with the store houses ; while the resonant cry Many of the trees are of great age, yet prices were low. There are thousands
hands and press firmly with the feet of the muezzin is nothing comparedto produce an annual crop averaging of acres of land that are equalto
down and towards the main stem. A the strident "laranja laranja!I" 30,000 oranges. Some of them even those planted, and are offered at
careless tramper will sometimes tear with which itinerant venders make bear a second crop, called "ridolha"fruit cheap prices on the installment plan.
roots from the main stem. Before the welkin ring in every highway and so that the fortunate Azoreans Any one who has anything can buy a
the hole is quite filled scatter half a byway. The words of a fellow traveler may count upon their oranges all the home that will support them in a short
pound of fine ground bone on the on this subject are so appropos thatI year round. The orange quintas are time. Any one moving should have
surface and work it in. Water if F want to quote them to you: "The busy places during the picking sea. enough to buy a piece of land and
necessary. ground is thickly strewn with orange son. The fruit is carefully picked money sufficient to support them at
Work all the surface of your peach peel, and the people begin to wear a from the trees into baskets by boys, least for one year. They will not
orchard every ten days from time jaundiced look. The very air seems and women carry the full baskets to find free silver, but will have to workif
growth starts until October 15. You yellower than before, and redolent of the great golden mound in the mid they handle any gold or silver.
' may give your peach orchard every spicy odors. Little children revel in die of the orchard, where men put Tne Consolidated Phosphate Company -
other requisite and if you stint it in the abundance; they play ball, or pelt them into boxes, and bevies of children is now running on full time, six
cultivation it will not thrive. each other with them, or roll them are kept busy smoothing out dredges, pumping day and night.
44 About March J 5 give each tree one up and down the street and cornhusks for wrappers, rolling each :They are looking for ships daily, eightin
pound of a complete fruit fertilizer in the gutters, The fruit be- orange and handing them singly to number. The company employs
and again about May 15, working it t becomes the staple article of diet, especially the packers. About 450 oranges are 300 men in all capacities. ,.
in with the cultivator. Do not use .. among the. common people,i required to fill a box, but those for The crop of sugar cane isI good also

,. :

. -'- .


i iI.
the sweet potato crop. A physiciancould It is to-day the leading pear of the far Grape Fruit and Oranges In Phil I make headway in England, etc.,against

find a good practice here in connection South, where it thrives admirably.As adelphla. :Mediterranean fruit.

with a drug store. There are it ripens early, the fruit finds its The season for grape fruit is open- On October 3d a large consignmentof

two townships of homestead land fifteen way to Northern markets to some extent ing, and so far has been marked by Florida ((1)) fruit was sold at Covent

miles southeast of this place, In quality, as grown in the very high prices in this market. Manager Garden, and yet the first :Manatees (a

principally prairie, but with some pine North, it is not first-class. It remindsme C. Waterman, of the Philadel- few boxes only) only left the trees on

and cypress lands and some good of the Vicar pear, a sort much phia Auction .Co., last week sold a the loth of October.i .

places. Its isolation retards its set grown for preserving, chiefly, but yet consignment at $13.50 per barrel, belive the retail trade could also

tlements.All of fair quality, when well ripened. As which is the highest price received this be partly controled.

of the storms passed Fort Ogden.F. with the Kiefier, it is a great bearer, year in the entire United States. And L. Q. KERMODE.

C. :M. BOGGESS. and room may be given it on that account these were partly unsound. The cause Gulf Hammock.,.Fla..

Fort Ogden. but there are a good many bet- of this very high price was the tem-
How to Prevent Injury From Frost.In .
ter ones in cultivation in the North. porary scarcity. The extent to which

The Kieffer Pear and Kindred Garber is another of this type, hav- Philadelphia rules above other markets studying methods of preventing

Sorts.It ing much of the Kieffer look in the may be seen from the fact that injury from frost it is necessary to havea

is now twenty years since the fruit. It has not been so widely distributed the same day grape fruit brought by clear knowledge of how and why the

Kieffer pear was first brought to public as it should be. Some fruit the same steamer and sent to New temperature falls and frost is pro-

notice, the occasion being the Centen which was sent to me last year impressed York brought only $4.75. There are duced.

nial Exhibition at Philadelphia, in me as being better than the about 100 grape fruit in a barrel. The surface of the earth is contin-

1876. Mr. Kieffer, the originator, ex Kieffer.-Joseph Meehan. All the grape fruit which has been ually losing heat by radiation into
hibited the fruit there, and it receiveda Tarred Paper for Orange Trees. sold here so far has come from Jamaica. space, but during the day it usually
first class recommendation from the On the one steamer referred to receives heat from the sun more rap-
Editor Farmer and Pruit-Grower
judges. Ever since that time it has : than it loses it radiation and
I and there were 7,500 barrels, and the demand -. idly by ,
am trying to protect trees
been both lauded and defamed, and it Radiation
tubes of tarred seemed to take care of all of therefore grows warmer. ,
even at the present time public opin them. and consequent loss of heat, takes
ion is by no means unanimously in its building paper.
when there is noth--
place most rapidly
little in the
A later
We saw the rolls into four sections of season some
favor, But there are more who speakfor obscure the Clouds
ing to sky. or
fruit will from California any
nine inches. These sections are taken grape come ,
than there
its good qualities now other obstruction act as a screen in retarding -
but the of these is inferior
into the grove and cut off as used, to quality so
used to be. It has got to be better
it. The escaping of heat
the proper length to go around the that they cut no figure beside the Jamaica rays
it and howto
understood how to ripen ,
strike the obstruction and are driven
The is fruit thick-skinned and
sand banked
sprouts. upon, being
it, both of which have a great
grow back to the earth. This is why frostis
the outside and holds the tube together lacking in flavor. There are also a
bearing on its quality. my partI more likely to occur on a clear
without other few Florida fruit but also
fastening.I grape they
think there are lots of better sorts, and
than when the is It
have great hopes that the tar i in cut a small figure. night sky cloudy.
in a collection of some dozen sorts
the paper will discourage the wood Last fruit sold at also explains why smudge fires, by
for home use, I do not give it year grape enor-
grown of smoke the
lice. If it does shall in forming a screen over or-
a place. But there is no question of not drop a mous prices, and the demand was
chards frosts.
handful of tobacco dust.I are a protection agaisnt
therefore curtailed. This
there being a public demand for its greatly year
think this will them Cold air is heavier than warm air,
fruit, a demand which is a growingone save from any- there are prospects of much lower
and were I planting for commer- thing short of a freeze, and I doubtif prices.A and this principle causes the air on

cial the Kieffer would be it will even be necessary to take the leading Philadelphia fruit importer slopes, as it becomes chilled by radia-
well represented in the collection. Its banking away.CHAS. who is by no means extrava- tion, to flow down into the valleys,
H. ROBINSON. in his ideas the where it accumulates and becomes in.
prodigious production of fruit is one gant expressed opin-
Lenard, Fla.Letter ion last week that the jurious. We thus understand why
good point which goes a long way with ..... Jamaica orangewas
trees on the foot hills often in-
destined in time to knock the escape
most Every
persons. nurseryman from the East Coast. jury from frost, while those in the ad-
Florida clean It is thinner
,knows that the mass of his customers Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. out.
else skinned, he thinks, with more juice joining valleys are damaged. Smudgefires
prefer quantity to everything no Meteorologically speaking we have, I
effective in broad flat
matter whether it be in the matter of had the quietist time as regards windwe and better flavor. This importer be are only ,
of land. In narrow valleysthe
fruit, or in the size of an ornamentaltree. ever experienced on the east coast. lieves nine out of ten persons, if givena expanses
cold air comes down from the hill-
This is more pronounced in Politically speaking it has been the Florida and a Jamaica orange to
sides and underneath the smoke.
those who have their living to providefor most blustering and stormy fall we ever test, will choose the latter. gets
On the from frostis
than in others. In this respect the knew. However the ship of state The Jamaica orange industry has windy nights danger
lessened the air above
Kieffer surpasses all other trees of its is safe; and our plants, vines, flowers, never amounted to very much. The by warmer
mixed with the colder air be- .
kind, its tendency being to overbear trees and fruits, never looked so beau- fruit there is not produced from groves getting

always. Next to this good point is tiful as they do today. .s it is in Florida, but is gathered up low.The

that of its season of ripening, which is Let a stranger to these parts call all over the island, from any grower above theories of the radiationof

October here. The fruit can be kept here, and tell him that two years ago who has it to sell. At present there is heat and the falling of the colder

until Christmas, and it is in not keep- every cultivated thing he sees here a strong effort to get the industry un- air are tolerably well recognized by all

ing it late enough that so many fail to was cut to the ground by frost, he der a working system, and when it orchardists, but there is another and

eat it at its best. It is a good keeper, would hardly credit it, and would be- reaches this stage it is generally be- perhaps more important law of nature,

and does not rot quickly. Long after lieve it only when told that by gettingup lieved that the Jamaica orange will be which is but little understood, and

they appear to be fully ripe, they may an hour before sun rise, we have the Florida fruit's most serious com this is the "dew point" theory.

be kept, and will be the better about 380 days in a year, and that is petitor. There have been a few Flor- Everyone knows that the atmosphereholds

for it. Many persons are dis- how things do grow so in such a short ida oranges in Philadelphia this year, a very considerable amount of

apointed at it because of its space of a period.Everything probably 100 boxes. They have soldat water in the form of vapor, and that

bitter skin. The fruit should alwaysbe has grown beautifully $5.50 to $6.00 per box.-Grocery this invisible vapor which is invaria-

pared to get rid of the skin. Be- during the past season notwithstand- World. bly present in greater or less quantities

neath it, when quite ripe, is a juicy ing the O dry summer. *We have had All of which goes to illustrate theold.saying can always be condensed into

pear, which to many is very refresh- ripe fruit almost constantly since last that "A living dog is better water if the temperature of the atmosphere

ing. It has been well settled that May. Peaches first, then cattley gua- than a dead lion." be sufficiently lowered. If the

many of the hard, small fruits of it vas, grapes, West India guavas, and I II I 4.... condensation takes place at a temperature -

seen in the market are the product of our }kaki are just gone. Still picking Guarding the Good Name of Our above the freezing point of water,

half-starved, : trees, or those which have guavas, and expect they will hold out Oranges., the moisture is deposited as dew; if .
been, permitted to overbear. When till our few oranges ripen. Do not Editor Farmer, and Fruit-..Grower: below the freezing point, the conden-

the fruit sets so closeas to touch each think I shall bank my trees until, \ friend By or before August next ((1897)) the sation is in the form of frost. To fully

other, every other one,or more, shouldbe (Observer) Mitchell starts a blizzard: citrus,.folk' ,had better open their eyes comprehend what follows, it must be .

thinned out. It is better to have a this way, and then after the ball is and get a move on them. I feel sure understood that the temperature at ..,p.

smaller number of fine pears than a over," will remove the (powder) earth that.you will agree with me that the which condensation begins is called

larger number of small ones. Treatedin and wait for another. palming off as Florida fruit of oranges the dew.point, and this varies with the

this way, and the tree well fed, the I am made sad by the news of the from,Mexico, etc., will, if unchecked, amount of moisture or vapor in the

fruit is a taking one, and a profitable death of:Major 0. P. Rooks. The State next year at least and at latest work air. The greater the proportion of

market one. loses a splendid man, and we shall irretrievable_ damage to the struggling moisture the less the fall of temperature -

The LeConte is from the Chinese miss him greatly at our Horticultural growers: .pf this,State. required to condense it into dewor

sand pear, as the Kieffer is, but save meetings. Suppose? for, instance, this year sees frost When the air is saturated "'

in shape, which resembles the other NUMBER NINE. Florida:, fruit, ,get the name of wormy with moisture the dew-point will be
to some degree, it is not much like it. Ormond, Nov. 16, 1896. fruit just as we were commencing to reached at a higher temperature than .,


.. '- "-,, -. '.. -. -_.- -.- --... -

___ _______________ -


:Ii -



.. when the air is dry. For instance, in I ciency of smudge fires may be greatly Northern and Eastern breeders. Grassis Tttttekeft

E a dry atmosphere the dew-point may increased by spraying them with water now considered one of the greatest Fat1tnep&

not be reached until the thermometer thus adding vapor to the atmos- drawbacks by our farmers. It oughtto -

., falls to 28 degrees Farenheit when phere and raising the dew-point, for as be turned into our greatest advan Strawberries in South Alabama.

: frost forms. At this point peach buds has already been explained, the dew- tage. It is the one thing above all Editor FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER:

are seriously injured, point is reached at a higher temperature others in the production of which we There is no question that the appli

If, however, you can artificially addto when the vapor in the air is in- can compete with the world and haveno cation of stable manure is of value as

the amount of vapor in the air by creased. :Moreover, by spraying the fear of the results. Why not put a top dressing to the strawberry patch,

., keeping the land moist by means of fires, the heat, which would otherwise this ability of our lands to grow grassto but, at the same time,it cannot be rec-

recent irrigations, then you raise the establish an upward current of warm a good purpose? Any country that ommended to those who grow them

r dew-point and frost may be formed at air that conducts the heat upwardand can grow grass to advantage is, with- largely and commercially in the lower

a higher degree of temperature, or say beyond the space needing protec- out doubt, a stock growing country, South., As the hay we mostly use is

at over 30 degrees Fahrenheit,which is tion, is utilized in forming vapor and unless there is something in the climateor home made, and consists of crab,crow-

_ the amount of cold'necessary to injure distributed through the lower stratumof other conditions to render the stock foot and other grasses, and not a few

peach blossoms. If, therefore, you can air where it is most needed. As unhealthy. This is admitted by all, weeds, and ar the stable manure is, of

prevent the temperature of the atmos- soon as this vapor is condensed at the for the cheapest way to grow stock is course, full of seeds, the applicationwould

phere from falling to 30 degrees, you dew-point this latent heat is set free I by furnishing them with green pasturefor make the grass and weeds grow

are safe. At first sight it may appear and tends to raise the temperature. the longest possible period. Thiswe in the patch, and the labor to over-

that if the vapor In the air freezes at Every quart of water thus evaporatedand can do, for while the Northern come them would, in most cases, do a

30 degrees and the indication of heat again conducted in the surround. breeder can furnish pasture for his great deal of damage to the fruiting

still continues, the temperature will ing air is sufficient to raise the temper stock not more than six months of the plants, and would call for this labor

ature two breeders can by man- just at the time when it is needed to
continue to fall until injury results. degrees throughout a space year, our proper

s But here a verv wonderful natural law eighty feet square and deep.-The agement, make the period more thana pick, pack and market the fruit. Some

comes into play. Horticultural Gleaner. half longer. This is a great advan- good commercial manure is better,one

tage, but it is not the only one. This rich in potash. This should be appliedas
Of it is well understood that
course soon now as possible so as to help
keeping of the stock on green feed for ,
an enormous amount of heat has been Live Stock.The
so great a portion of the year, and the the plants to mature the alreadyformedfruit
required to convert water into atmos- buds.
freedom from close and improperly
This heat is latent in
vapor. ventilated stables which our cattle en- Plants set in the patches now can
the vapor, and when the latter is con- Cow for Him.
joy renders them almost exempt from yet be made to bear a fair crop.
densed into frost or dew this great Dairyman Gould in a recent lecture
that of Northern cattle The white cricket, spoken of in lastweek's
4 great scourge ,
amount of latent heat is given off into gave this description of the "cow for
tuberculosis. This dread disease (con paper, I am not acquaintedwith
the atmosphere and tends' to keep it him.
sumption) is one of the greatest ene- but would like to recommend for
You have "The ideal he said "is
,, at an even temperature. cow, not
p mies of the breeders of dairy cattle in trial a pint of kerosene oil mixed witha
forces work. First the radia- she about
two at
large weighs pounds
; 1,000 ;
the North That dairy cattleare half-bushel of fine pine wood ashes.
tion or loss of heat is reducing the she is something like a racehorse, for
more subject to it than beef cattleis Kerosene is sure death to bugs of all
to the while in the horse and milk in the
temperature dew-point, speed
certain,and this is due to their closer kinds, and if his tunnel and burrowsare
r the heat given oft by the condensationof cow are allied. Beef in a horse and
confinement, made necessary to facili- well filled up with the above mix
the vapor is keeping up the temper- beef in a cow mean strength always.It .
tate milking, etc. However,the writer ture I imagine this will clean the cricketout
fast it falls the dew is of nerve and
just as as to a question power,
has made a tuberculine test of seventysix and, if so, would be less trouble.
point. This result is that unless the that is something food will not pro
head of dairy cows kept in two some than scalding. I hope some one
radiation is the duce maintain. For the
very great temperaturedoes only typical barns in the South and has yet to finda : will try this method and report re-
not fall. Of this have racehorse
course theory dairy cow you must
of tuberculosis. :More-
does not work in where and muscular whether she single case sults.Our
cases bony
except type, .
over, in over five years experience as patches are looking fine,and the
frosts would otherwise be Holstein whatever she
slight occur. a a Jersey,
a veterinarian in the South, we have weather has been so fine-too fine, in
For instance, where in a dry atmos. may be. You will find her with bony
seen but one case of plainly marked fact-that many are in bloom. It is
phere the dew-point would not be and strong jaw, long between the eyes
tuberculosis in cattle. This is remark- wonderful how the old Nunan holdson.
reached before the had and nose with broad muzzle. She
temperature able,and if the fact was properly taken Now over thirty years in cultivation -
fallen to the be should have
59, dew-potnt may a very bright, protruding
advantage of by our Southern breeders it is yet, all things considered,the
reached at in moist In I hat
31 atmosphere. eye-I a cow can hang my
they might soon be shipping breed- best berry for the commercial growerin
the former the buds wouldbe her ?
case peach on eyes. Why Simply on accountof
ing stock all over the world. Thereis the lower South. Of course, whereone
while in the latter her brain It
destroyed case means
power. strong
nothing the matter with the Jersey has a nearby market there are better -
would Hence the force and that action
they injury. nerve means
escape ,
business in the South if properly con- kinds for the purpose, and on some
; object of keeping the surrounding atmosphere later on. I want a thin neck and retreating -
ducted,and we are glad to note a grow- soils where the Nunan does not do
.e moist and this be at- brisket. The lines above and
ing interest in the breeding of the dairy I well other kinds are found that will.I .
tained by frequent irrigations or even below must not be straight or she will I
queen.-Southern Farm Gaxette. will have on trial several new kinds
spraying of the orchards at the critical steal from you; I want her slightly depressed -
this season one a large golden yellow
period of blossoming. That this is nota behind the shoulders, with
with dark red seeds and another that
fallacious theory has been provedover sharp chine; I don't want too' straighta Writing of the operations of Ney- ,
bears only in the fall.
and orchardists who backbone. She have lans & Sons the Manatee .
over again by must large organs near Tampa,
To of those who have not succeeded -
have their land well saturated of don't any
kept reproduction-you wanta Advocate says: "Twenty acres are with the Nunan let me recom-

with water during the blossoming sea- cow with a straight back; I want her in cultivation which before
being mend the Van Deman, an Arkansas
son, and who have escaped injury wedgeshaped. I want two wedges,
broadcastedwith berry also seedlings Alabama and
planted to any crop, are ; my ,
from frost while their who in and heart
neighbors large rear large girth;
and half of commercial Cherokee, which are all firm berries
one a tons very
have failed to follow this practice have that is, wide between forward legs,
fertilizer the and and stand our changeable climate
to acre, thoroughly
suffered. The heat given off by the sharp on shoulders. This gives me"
in the soil. After well. JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.Grand .
condensation of vapor into dew or large heart action and the strong arte- incorporated cropsare .
of fertilizer is Bay Ala. Nov.
add- ,
planted one ton 24.
frost is exactly equal to the amount of rial circulation I want. Then l last,
ed broadcast between the This .. ..
heat that was expended in forming the but by no means least, she must havea

b vapor, and how enormous this is may good udder, for one-half of the valueof heavy manuring cannot fire or burn Experience With White Crickets.

be judged by the fact that the conden- the cow is in her udder. She the crop, for the application of water Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
soil I notice that others besides
sation of a pint of water from its vapor should have a long udder from frontto prevents from ever becominghot myselfare
t will result in and dry when, if ever, firing oc troubled with the white or ground
state enough heat being rear. Then she must have a good
curs. They use $80 worth of fertilizerto cricket. I have over an acre of straw-
given off to raise more than five pints handle on each corner of her udder.
the acre. Ten acres are planted in berries, and on a part of the patch the
j of water from the freezing to the boil- And why? Because if she gives two
We thus arrive the milk celery, eight acres in Irish potatoes, crickets have done considerable'dam
ing point. at seem- pails of a day it is a matter of
ing paradox that the formation of frost some labor to milk her." and two and a half acres in lettuce, all age, and today I have been giving them

from vapor produces heat in the at for the winter crop. After they are removed homcepathic doses of bi-sulphide of

1 4 the land will again be plantedfor carbon. This is the way I proceed:
mosphere.In Cattle in the
Raising; Dairy summer crops. The celery is planted I put a small quantity of the stuff in a

using smudge fires it should be The raising of dairy cattle in the in beds three and a half feet apart, small oil can, such as is used to oil

+ : understood that the heat of the fire South should and must prove a profit- and bleached by placing a plank on machinery, and with a hand trowel I

has but little effect in diminishing the able business if properly followed. I each side of the bed for ten days. They carefully remove three or four inchesof

intensity of the frost, almost the en- The South has: advantages which, if employ ten hands all the year, but at soil where the little mound of dirtis

tire protection being gained by the properly used,would enable her breeders shipping time have from four to five which indicates the home of Mr.

screen of smoke produced. The effi-. to compete on easy terms with extra as may be required." Cricket. After finding the main en-

-' -- .. ... .- '. -- --- .




who get best returns, use our get their truck to market first, use

Strawberry Special Fertilizer. "The Ideal Fertilizer."

Price $25.00 Per Ton.
For Making Perfect Shipping Berries. Price $27.00.GUAKANTEED .


Ammonia.................................................. 2 to 4 Per Cent.
Phosphoric Acid ...........-..... ...................... 7 to 9.per. cent." Moisture ......................... .. ............................ 10 to 13 i
Equals Bone Phosphate of Lime .... .................16 to 18 Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood
Sulphate of Potash .. .......................... ...... 6 to and Bono................. ....... .................... 4% to 5)f
Equals Actual Potash..... ...... ..................... 3# to 8" Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone....... 4# to 5tf
Made from Nitrate of Soda Blood,Cotton Seed Meal, Bono,Acid Sulphate I of Potash.... ........ .......................... 11 to 13
Phosphate and Potash Salts, Equivalent to Actual Potash........ ............ ........... 6 to 8
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda Cotton Seed Meal, Blood
"BEST CROP IN TEN YEARS." Bone,Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

Messrs. Fisher & Powers: Lawtey, Juno 30th 1896 This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting! fertilizer: The nitrogen -

I used Wilson & Toomer's Strawberry Special Fertilizer my strawberry crop, coming from three different ingredients IS especially
1n10lbs0 .to the acre,and from two
acres shipped 150 bushels. I had the best ber
ries the best plants, the best yield of ten years. My pear trees on the same land are valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to making -
making a big growth. (Signed.) SIM HOG AN. quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash

Write for our Special Strawberry Circular, "How to Grow only. .

Berries For Profit." Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced.We .

also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Write Us for Prices before Buying.

wir SON ss TooivraR
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton. ,


to his abode I insert the nose of Potato Culture.-II. matter of the potato, which will last averaging from four to six ounces,and

the oil can and give him two or three SEED PIECES AND DISTANCE. the young shoots until their fibrous divide into quarters without regard to

good squirts of the sulphide, and Rows three feet apart and seed piecescut rootlets have developed sufficiently to mutilated eyes or their number or anything -

immediately cover up the hole with to a weight of i ]/ ounce, or an reach out and forage for themselves else except expedition.DEPTH .
dirt, so that the fumes will all go down, equivalent size-approximating in the surrounding soil. In this way
and as it is the nature of this stuff to medium tubers or two-eye pieces-quarter the crop is pushed rapidly forward in TO PLANT.

go down instead of up, it soon reachesMr. appear to give the best results. its infancy. On the other hand, the Four inches appear to give the best "'
Cricket and lays him low. To find results, closely followed by a depth of
Two and a half foot rows is too closea smaller the seed piece the sooner this
out if it really did kill him, I took distance for the drouthy spring weather natural reservoir of plant food is exhausted three, five and six inches, in the order

pains to dig out several ten or fifteen of this part of the South, and four- and hence the soil, where named. Little difference, however,
minutes after giving them the dose, foot is of small seed is observable between any of these
rows a waste ground.As pieces are needed, must be
and in every instance found them for seed pieces, while authoritiesand proportionately richer and in better depths, which is contrary to the long
dead. conceived opinion that for the first
experience it is condition than is with
vary greatly, probable necessary larger
One man can treat a thousand crop the deeper the seed were plantedthe
that what in order
are generally known as pieces to give them a good
crickets, or more, to a dose of this in better.
"send off.
two-eye pieces,or pieces whose weight An appreciation of this
one day, and thus destroy what, in a With the second crop the conditionsare
will approximate an ounce or an ounce fact will be of vital importance to the
few more weeks will be of entirely changed. It was formerly
producers and a half-will, taking into consideration trucker.In .
millions, besides ridding his groundsof deemed necessary to both plant and
the amount necessary for seed, this connection it is well to state
a formidable cover deep, under the impression that
very enemy. By going produce the largest net results.
that it is far better to cut to a uniform in this
over the patch morning or only way could sufficient mois-
every The yield of tubers
to ben in fractions
appears thereof
ounces or )
be obtained for
especially right after rain ture germination and
a one ca
within certain limits
( ) directly
dependent than
to use the old standard of
meas- But the
very easily find their houses by the little upon the number of stalks in the growth. experience has proved
mound of fresh earth thrown urement by eyes. Experiments have that tubers so planted fail in
up hill and the number of many
stalks is again proved that the number of stalks
through the night, for I do not think instances to germinate at all. On the
dependent upon the size of the seed from seed is dependent
a piece not
in other hand if planted too shallow thee
they ever come out the day time. whether ,
a or a divided
the number of th
upon eyes tubers sunscald. Hence it is best
sulphide of carbon can be had from
tuber and
not upon the number of piece contains but its
most druggists. A pint will be sufficient upon weight with the second crop to plant deep-
contained in the
eyes piece. that is its reservoir of
for three four hundred at five inches-to
or holes. say cover lightly at
While at the North whole tubers ( available food. If the seed
It up plant pieceis first, with perhaps two inches of soil
costs forty to fifty cents a pint.C. to four or five ounces in ,
weight) seemto small and there
H. W. are many eyes, gradually working the dirt in around t
make the
yields at a dis only as many as the piece can sustain
Winter Park Fla. the growing plant as: cultivation
tance of two and half pro-
a feet in the hill, will develop; surplus eyes will remain ceeds.
it is found that a closer distance diminishes n_ dormant. Therefore weight or size i in
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower
: the proportion of merchantable the seed piece is all important, and TIME TO PDANT.

I send you my experience with tubers to small tubers, while increasing eyes become a secondary considera This is a matter for individual deters -

cricket preparations, which you may the total yield. At the South one foot tion. Nor will the fact that an eye i s mination, depending, of course, upon

use or not. Last year I was badly 1 in the drill is found preferable to hill I bisected while quartering a tuber necessarily climatic conditions as affected by latitude -

bothered and tried concoctions of culture, and hence it will not pay to destroy the eye. If dividedat or location and season. It is desirable

. tobacco, kainit, salt, kerosene, dishwater use very large seed pieces,either wholeor all evenly both sides of the bisectedeye that potatoes be planted as early y
hot water, etc. divided at this distance. as possible in this latitude
Therefore will grow, and each put out aboutas not only to
The most effective of the lot was the use of quarter medium potatoes, or many shoots separately as the un secure early tubers, but in order to

warm, soapy dishwater; but I had to pieces averaging an ounce or an ounce divided eye would have done, reinforced have the crop matured before the hot ,

watch until the cricket appeared and and a half in weight (irrespective of f by the same sized piece. weather of early summer. Hence it

mash it to be sure that it would not the number of eyes) is recommended.. This is readily explainable by taking is well to get them in as soon as pos '-

recover. Hot water was no better, This would require from twelve to into consideration the fact that the sible after all reasonable danger from

and more trouble. 1his' year I use eighteen bushels per acre for seeding Irish potato tuber is not an enlargedroot j heavy freezes has passed.CULTIVATION..

sulpho-naphthol,a good teaspoonful to while whole tubers, averaging six as usually supposed, but a thickened .
a gallon of water. I keep the mixturein ounces each, would require at the of which
stem, the eyes are em This should be rapid and thorough
a watering pot, and whenever in distance bushels.
same 72 bryo buds-not simple, but compound and on a leveLllulching
my work I come to a cricket hole, I Nevertheless, where very early po' buds-in effect a group of buds, of f in the row (without cultivation

dose it. The cricket does not come tatoes are desired, it may pay to use which ordinarily only one or two will ) does not, with material
up any more. If it acts as well with whole tubers of size any ,
a and
ranging grow develop. On division, how- yield a sufficient increase over cleans
others, the stuff can not be beat. from four six
to Suchseed
ounces. if
ever, even one perfect embryo i culture to pay for the extra expense of
CLARENCE G. WHITE. at a moderate distance-say 18 left on either seed piece, as strong a hauling the material and harvesting
Hastings, or 20 inches-would produce a very growth will take place if the
as eye the crop. With the fall crop it pays .
heavy crop and a very early one;, had been untouched. much better than with the spring
Excellent brooms are being made, since there is an abundance of plant Therefore in cutting seed pieces Ridging is also less profitable crop.than
at Winter Home for the market. food readily available in the starchy will be well to sort the medium tubers, level culture.I .



d __'_ __ '




y- .. -- -

Mulching with pine straw, oak Anyone can do as well. Any farmer grains. And for moulting season, we
leaves, or with stable bedding in the and villager, or their wives, can have never fed anything that is near its --Experience _

row, after the seed has been coveredto make it pay raising winter chickens, if equal. We never have had hens layso

the depth of an inch or so, and sub- they will. It is pleasant work, and it well during this period as when fed
sequent cultivation in the ordinary is profitable. The cost of raising chick- on Kaffir corn. We think so much of has proven conclusively that

manner, gives a better yield than clean ens to eight weeks of age, where thereis this grain as a poultry food that were I better grapes and peaches,

culture, but it is doubtful it it will pay a number of them, say fifty to one we living in the city where we could j and more of them,are produced
for the extra labor required in accu. hundred, should not exceed $10 per not raise it, we would hire some one
mulatmg the material unless in a very hundred, or ten cents each, while the to raise it for us, if we could not buyit when Potash is liberally ap

dry season. Cotton seed hulls, as a price obtainable for them would doubt- at the feed store. plied. To insure a full crop of

mulch, are not satisfactory. They are less vary from twenty-five to fifty cents, 4 choicest quality use a fertilizer
not sufficiently absorptive. according to location and demand. One Dollar the Average.

Harvesting should not be effected Taken on the minimum basis, there Experiments made in different sections containing not less than 10%

until full maturity has been attainedby would be a profit of $15 per hundred. show that the cost of feeding a

the tubers, which continue to growas Any person should be able to market hen one year is about $i, and that the Actual Potash.Orchards .
long as the tops are alive. For a hundred a month, for each of the profit is about the same, the gross receipts -
extra early sales the crop should, of winter months, while some would dispose from the hen being about $2 a and vineyards treat-

course, be dug as soon as marketable.The of a great many more, thus make year. Of course this varies accordingto ed with Potash
sun should not be allowed to fall ing a good revenue off winter chickens the breed, cost of food and location are comparatively -
on the tubers any longer than can be -a profit that can be raised on the being sometimes more and some free from insects and

avoided, and wooden trays, not split farm at a season when nothing else times less; but it is accepted that $i plant disease.
bakets should be used in handling.Poultry. can.-H. B. Greer in the Agricultural is
pays the cost and $i profit made All about Potash-the results ef its use by actual ex.
Epitomist. from each hen. With small flocks, periment on the best farms in the United States-U
told in a little book which we publish and will gladly
Tue Best Fattening Ration.In where table scraps are put to use and mail free to any farmer in Amenca who will write for it.
when the labor is of but little value, GERMAN KALI WORKS I
------------------------------------------------ those sections where
sweet pota 93 Nassau St.,New York.
the cost is reduced and the profits
. Edited by 8. S. DeLANOY Apopka, Fla. toes are grown easily, the use of small larger.-Poultry Keeper.
"' - for will make
potatoes poultry an excellent a FAIRVIEW PINERY.
Raisins Winter Chickens. ration for fattening poultry in- The Use of Dry Earth.
Now is the time take hold of the for
to tended market. Cooked potatoes, We have always cautioned our read
chicken business with determinationto thickened with will
a corn meal .Choice
dirt the
ers not to overlook dry for .
make it pay. It is the season of more flesh on a hen in the shortest winter, and to store it away before the
the year when the farmer and the vile time than any other food known. In rains set in. We do not refer to road-

lager should consider the advisabilityof fact, any kind of food rich in sugar dust, which is not very clean, but to Pineapple
raising chickens for the market. will fatten stock or poultry quickly,
fresh, dry earth, which may be sifted,
Not raising them to maturity, but up and there is nothing superior to sweet and put away under shelter. It is excellent PlantsSmooth ..
to an eatable size only, for the most potatoes for that purpose. Such food,
not only for the hens in winter,
profitable age at which a chicken can however, is not suitable for laying but it is also one of the best substancesto -0 FOR I9AI.E. 0-
be sold is just as soon as it is large hens, as with them fat is detrimentalto use in stalls for cattle or as an absor- -

enough to eat, and there is scarcely a laying.-Poultry Keeper. bent of urine. It costs almost noth- Cayenne!n! Home Grown !II!
breed, the common sort included, that ......
and is beneficial the
ing, more on
will not reach the eatable size in eight Fertile Ducks' Eggs.A ----S
poultry-house floor than other sub-
weeks from the shell. writer who has observed ducks any
stance.-Farm and Fireside. ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.F. .
The winter chicken, then, is a young states that when they first begin to lay, .
chicken that is scarcely feathered, andit early in the winter, they lay, perhaps, Ground Meats and Fish.If .
does not require a large run in whichto one egg per week, and those eggs are you cannot get fresh meat for N. PRICE,

grow, either, as it will thrive and almost wholly infertile. As the season your poultry, or if the expense is apparently P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.
grow just as well in a warm, roomy advances the egg tide increases, and too great, use the commercial
brooder, with a little run attached, as : the fertility also, until they are producing ground meat. Fish is also excellentfor

anywhere else. very nearly an egg a day apiece, ducks if the eggs are to be used for HOME. GROWN
But it will not do to rely on the old and those eggs will run as many as 90 hatching, and ground fish will be very -,
hen or trust to her goodness to go to per cent fertile. This high tide lasts acceptable to them. In the winter
sitting at the right time. The person but a short time, and then begins to season, when grain is largely used, Pineapple Slips
who would raise winter chickens must fall again, the eggs gradually growing meat or fish will serve to supply the
have an incubator and a brooder. fewer and the percentage of fertile deficiency of nitrogen. One cent a and SuckersOf
Then he will need only the eggs to eggs fewer, until July or August, whenit pound is about the cost for ground
begin operations, and it is much easierto will have practically ceased.Poultry meat or fish, and they are very cheap, the Following Varieties

winter.get eggs than. a sitting hen, even in Keeper. even at double---S the price. Plait SALE:

Kaffir Corn for Poultry.A .
The farmer who is equipped withan Roland & Kells, of Citra, were in ABBAKA PORTO Rico
incubator and a brooder can utilizeall writer in the Western Poultry the city yesterday making arrange- EGYPTIAN
the dark and stormy days of winter, Breeder says that after two years' ex- ments to repack Fort Myers oranges, QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY
when nothing can be done out of perience with Kaffir corn for poultry, which will be shipped here, repackedand QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PEK-
doors. All such days he can turn to he is ready to pronounce it par excel- shipped North. They have been NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH.

advantage by devoting them to the lence. furnished a packing-house by CaptainJ. Apply to .
indoor culture of winter chickens.We "It is good for little chicks or for N. Strobhar, of the Plant System.It .
old fowls. The grain is smaller than 0. 0. MATTHAMS,
have raised chickens large is estimated that they will handle
enough to eat without their ever wheat and little chicks will begin to from 18,000 to 25,000 boxes this sea- Florida Pineapple Company,

touching the ground. Hatched in eat it by the time they are a week old, son.-Tropical News. Or to _

an incubator in December, kept in a and will grow like magic. They are The largest crop of cabbage in the MADDOCK & MATTHAMS,
hot water brooder until they preferreda very fond of it, and the music they
history of this section is being planted,
West Palm Beach
large box with a gunny sack stretched make while devouring it is enough to not, however,to the exclusion of other _ '__ h FlaIMATIONflRUA
across it, low down, for them to hud- gladden the heart of any chicken as a variety of
crops greater vegeta-
dle under at night, they thrived and crank. Their little crops will stick out bles than usual is being planted.- !
fattened, and were splendid eating, until you will almost think there are Ocoee item in Orlando Reporter.H. Worth It's Weight In M jj
two chicks instead of of For TOOT name and address on a posUTcard,we
too, when placed on the table. And one-a sort W. Coleman, of Dade City, will tell you bow to make the best wire fence
knew nothing of outdoors the Siamese twins, as it were. But don't horse.high,bull.strong andpigtightattheaetuat
yet they made on one and a half acres of wholesale cost(of wire.Kltselman .
earth of sort. Confinedso worry about them; they will not be Bros. DoxB.RldgeYllle, Ind. .
or range any for the Kaffir does ground this year 1,500 pounds of ". .' .--:>--': -----:: :;:. .::_.. _::.:---:.-..-_._ '= '' .
closely in hot weather they would, crop-bound, corn cigar tobacco,which he sold to Tampa
most doubtless, have sickened and not swell in their crops. It has this
dealers at 60 cents per pound, amount- s
died. But with snow on the ground rare quality to such a degree that ing to the handsome sum of $900.
of the time and a cold though it be soaked in water over nightit
part temperature Take from this $275 to cover all ex-
all the time without, they grew does not swell. penses, and we have the net sum of SMOKE YOUR MEAT WITH

and prospered in their comfortable, "As for a feed for laying hens, we $625, or something over $400 per K SU UID E tRACTi U
but small have found it the best of
quarters. as good as acre.-South Florida :Metropolis. iscuutnEKl 1I ER&Ptl3.RIQC.f( I


-- --. ..----..'._-".,..,. -. 'c--. .. ,, .. ._ _. n




.State News. Our Rural Home. Our Rural Aid Home.Society Boys.For REV I WAYNE( WOtEOTT

On Thursday, January 14th, there -
-"'-""- '
will arrive at the Terminal Station, INTERVIEWED BY A REPORTERFOR
b bSid ted dispassloiiaiety t l and Blue Monday.
Jacksonville, a company of boys from TilE INDEPENDENT.
For Our Rural Home.
without self-interest
Deference to our
the Children's Aid Society of New
present practice is so burdensome and In a recent issue of a well known lie Tells of Ills Recovery from an Illness
York, their ages ranging from twelveto that Threatened to Incapacitate Him.
the benefits of a stock l law are soiftr.: Florida paper the editress of the
seventeen years. Following are the Is Now Able to Attend to Ills Da-
menus and welt'defi ed that it s&rns r Home Department asked for an exchange
; terms on which these boys, who have ties. Has Nothing but Word
amazing 'that f. people should hold to of thought regarding lighten- been selected with the; utmost care, will of Praise for the Remedy
one and despise the other; and in act- ing housework, as many of the read- be placed in Florida homes Ue Used
ual experience it will betouhd that 'a ers would no doubt send numerous From the Independent, Auburn, N. Y.

chap e fill Be :brought ab6Ut only useful hints as to saving time and Applicants must furnish several l references It having come to the knowledge of

after a long and stubborn fight.Brob1is"Vtlf .- strength. persons of good standing, not. the editor of the Cayuga County Inde-
relatives. pendent of Auburn that Rev. N.
News'Register I thought at once, "what a sensible
under fifteen Wolcptt, Pastor of Baptist Church, of
and since then have been Boys are expected to
The fish business in the Manatee request, Fleming, N. Y., had been cured of nervous
remain until
trying to add my mite to the house. they are eighteen years by the use of Dr. Williams
river region i B-asstfraifag l large: propor old. They must be treated as mem- prostration
hold departments of various papers.It Pink Pills for Pale People, he senta
tions. The Braidentdwn Journal men is truly an important subject in bers of the family, be comfortably reporter to that town to ascertain from

tions'the fact that the steamer Mistletoe these days of financial depression clothed, and sent to school accordingto Mr. Wolcott the truth of the report, and
lias twenty-three boats engaged in the educational laws of the State. receive from his own lips a statement of
when we have to economize in man-
his and how he had been bencfitted.
and that these have been case
fishing When reach the of
aging without servants, and sometimeseven they age eighteen The reporter found Mr. Wolcott to bea
catching 6ooo; fish a week for some they are to receive $25 and a good
dispensing with the services of a gentleman some 40 or 45 years of age,
time. Twenty thousand a week will washerwoman; and, as Monday is one suit of clothes. in good health, and active in his minis-

soon be received, and this is the boat's of the hardest of the week, we natur- Boys over fifteen are to be treatedas terial duties. He is highly esteemed as a
capacity. Seventy-five or eighty members of the family. They are pastor and a citizen, and is a gentlemanof
ally begin with that. How can we
strict whose statements
boats are constantly running for the work for their board the integrity, can
make the washings easier? expected to be implicitly relied upon as truthful in'
St. Petersburg trade. Let me tell you my way. I do not first month, after which they shall receive every respect and devoid of exaggeration. -

The groves generally look well, and soak my clothes, but wash them by in addition, such compensationas In reply to questions as to the :
many owners are putting on all the the "first-boil" process. It is a quick shall be mutually agreed upon, but truth of the report that he had been
benefitted by Pink Pills he made the following -
in instance be less than the
groves need. Some are in the busi- and easy way, and by it one can dispose no to at statement: "Eight years ago

ness extensively. The merchants seem ot the steam at once. Then, rate of $30 a year. while pastor of the Baptist Church in

to do a good business, and have large again, the washing may be going on Should a boy prove unsatisfactory, Covert, N. Y., I was stricken with nervous

and well stocked stores. We met a.. while you are eating your breakfast. and a change be necessary, the Society prostration. During the winter of

number of old-time friends all seem- i First, prepare your water for the boiler. or its agent, should be notified, and 1887-8,1 had conducted revival services
and delivered a series of lectures in addi--
ing cheerful. Budding is still goingon To every pail of cold water use two the boy must be kept a reasonable tion to my work as pastor and became

and all intend to bank trees. It tablespoonfuls of pearline and one of length of time, until such change shall completely run down. I could not work,

is an enjoyable sight to drive for miles kerosene oil, dissolving them first witha be effected. and felt as though my days were num-

around Crescent City and look at the little boiling water. Stir well in the Applicants will pay the fare of their bered. I tried a doctor, but did not receive -

thrifty of groves.-Palatka boiler then in the fine white boys from Jacksonville to their desti-- much aid from him.
appearance ; put ,
"At this time I received a call from the
Recorder. clothes; cover closely, and boil about nations. While it is preferred that church at Tully, N. Y. At first I determined -

Articles of incorporation of the twenty minutes, stirring them down they should meet and select their boys, not to accept it, for I knew
Osceola Association have several times while boiling. yet in cases where this is not convenient that in my weak condition I could not
Co-operative After have finished breakfast, the amount of fare may be sent to do the work. But hoping against hope,
been signed. Capital stock is $10- you I[ finally decided to try and
the undersigned, but must be in hand accordingly
the clothes the tub
remove to they
000. R. E. Rose, H. S. Partin, W. ; went there. My health continued to fail
not later than Monday 11th.
H. Mann, J. S. Partin and T. J. Par- will cool while you are washing up January, and I grew weaker, and I thought I
tin are the incorporators and directors. the breakfast dishes. To the suds remaining Remit by registered letter or money would have to give up entirely my work

The association has leased the in the boiler add cold water order on Jacksonville.Books for God, which I love. Justthen,however,
are now to receive the sun broke through the clouds. Mr.
enough to cool and a little more open applications
famous Farm and will pear-
Southport at which should be made Tallman, of Tully, whom I shall always
line and kerosene
once plant largely of vegetables, cane, (use your own remember as a benefactor, recommendedme
Those received later than
tobacco and peaches. R. E. Rose I judgment as to quantity, for some have promptly. to try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. lie
made and but few articles that cannot be boiled Tuesday, January 5th, will be held had tried them and they had done him
was president general man-
A number of the best truckers with the fine clothes); throw in the over for the next company, six weeks good. As a last resort I tried them. The
ager. effect wonderful and immediate.
after. HELEN HARCOURT, was
will the association which is coarser white clothes, towels, etc.;
join From the very first box ray system began -
purely co operative.Tampa Tribune. while these are boiling you will have Fla. Ag't. C. A. S., to tone up, my blood became rich,
time to rub out the first tubful, for the :Montclair, Fla. and once more I became the strong and
The shipments of l lettuce from the real dirt is in the water, and scarcelyany vigorous man I was before my health

Gainesville district last year aggrega- rubbing is necessary; the bottomof Hints to Housekeepers."A failed.

ted about 74,699 packages from an skirts, waists, necks, under the healthy infant sleeps most of "My labors, if you know of the laborsof
a country parson, you can readily be-
acreage of about 825 acres. Duringthe i arms and those places that are usually the time during the first few weeks," lieve, were very heavy. I had not been

time that shipments were being most soiled need the only real rub says the New York State Medical able to work, and was losing my interestin

made the markets in New York and bing. Wring them into clear rinse Journal, and in the early years peo- the cause of Christ, but like magic my

Philadelphia were at no time glutted, water, then a blueing water, and they ple are disposed to let children sleep as old vigor returned and for three more
I labored there and raised
and lettuce brought about $2.50 per will be sweet and white. they will. But from six or seven years toward building up the Church in$4,000 addition -

package on an average, after the express After the second lot of clothes are years old, when school begins, this to my regular duties. All my

charges and the cost of baskets boiled, the boiler may be wiped, dried sensible policy comes to an end, and friends say of me that I am n very hard

had been paid. Many\ made fortunes and set away. The colored clothes sleep is put off persistently through all working man, but in Covert I could not

with the crop, and encouraged by the may be rubbed out in the suds left the years up to manhood and woman- work. After I went to Tully and the

results last year, the farmers will all from these; it is soft and soapy.A hood. At the age of ten or eleven I pills[ may had say that restored I merited my that health name., I think For

plant more or less of it this year. washing done in this way takes the child is allowed to sleep only eightor three or four years after left Tully I did

Up to this morning 807 bales of from one to two hours less time than nine hours, when its parents should evangelistic work. Two years ago I

tobacco have been withdrawn from the the old-fashioned way, and saves a insist on its having what it absolutely came here. Since then I have never had

bonded warehouse this month for great deal of hard rubbing. Some needs, which is ten or eleven at least. any return of my old trouble, but am in
good health, strong and active with no
local consumption. During the wholeof complain that the odor of kerosene Up to twenty a youth needs nine symptom of nervous prostration, whichwas

last month 1,620 bales were with lingers in the clothes. It would if the hours sleep, and an adult should have caused by overwork. It is a homely

drawn no of which were for export. rinsing was not thoroughly done; butI eight. Insufficient sleep is one of the expression, but I felt like a "wrun -out

There are now in stock 8,717 bales, find no trouble with good rinsingand crying e/ils of the day. The want of dish-cloth without any starch in it."

136 of which were received during the sun-drying. proper rest and normal conditions of "I owe mJpresent: good health to Pink
I Pills, and want most heartily to commend
month from New York and Philadelphia -i Another good point, the pearline the nervous system, and especially the the magic remedy to every one

warehouses. At the ordinaryrate does not injure the hands as some brain, produces a lamentable condi--'troubled with nervous prostration or

'of withdrawal for the season, the powders do, and the kerosene tends to tion, deterioration in both body and physical weakness."

tobacco now stored in the warehouse make the suds more soft yet.I mind, and exhaustion, excitability and As a parting remark Mr. Wayne said:

would last the local'manufacturers not will tell you how I save time and intellectual disorders are gradually what"I have Dr.often Williams'thought Pink that Pills in have ntum done for

more' than six months, ,but small lots strength on ironing day in my next taking the place of the love of work, for me, I would like to become a medical'missionary -

arebeing received at frequent inter letter. ELIZABETH. general well being and the spirit of ; to make known their mer-

vals.-Tampa Times. Worcester, :Mass. initiative."


-" -

1896. .

__ .. -.-
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold by all Short Items. -

dealers, or will be sent post paid on re
ceipt of price, 50 cents a box, or six When such a garden is located on ram-Killer. l .

boxes for $2.50 (they are never sold in the farm a general improvement in all : (may Dins'.)

balk or by the 100)), by addressing Dr. agricultural surroundings quickly fol : A Sure and Safe Remedy in every; case
Williams' Medicine Company, Schenec- l lows. and tady N.Y. t<
1s Canaigre draws heavily upon the 1 Pain-Killer.

Decanters and carafes that are soil and will have to yield a crop of

stained inside may be cleaned with a seven tons to the acre to be as profitable This Is a true statement and it can't be LINE r
as sugar beets. It will probably made too strong or too emphatic.
mixture of vinegar and salt rock salt
be a desirable crop only in those arid It Is A simple,safe and quick core for
being best for the To I
purpose. a regions where little else will grow. Cramps, Cough, Rheumatism,
handful of salt allow a gill of vinegar ; I Colic, Cold, Neuralgia,
}put both in the decanter and shake Sixteen ounces of butter to one of DlarrhoM, Croup, Toothache.

well until the stains have disappeared.Rinse salt is a good ratio. Thirty to one TWO SIZES 23c.and SOc. Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive

well. suits the Scotch. Some of the butter ,.... HI '...

A handsome sofa pillow cover may we get from the groceries tastes like .W i: ou1ri

be made of figured denim. Outline eight to one. It is poor economy to $100 worth for 10c. BETWEEN

the pattern with silk of some dark increase the quantity of salt becauseit Send 10 ccato for UlMtrated book telling how FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
S.: .to lUrt a r&II UBK1KT la TOW locality THE
rich color, and fill in the figures with costs but a cent a pound when but without eat to the memo en. Get It quick I II
gold colored silk in the darning stitch. ter is twenty five. I K..61
For shampooing take five cents Pull up the big tomato vine before NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

worth of powdered castile soap, the the first hard frost and hang it up in grapefruit (pomelo). Health, comfortand New York to Jacksonville by

- same-quantity of borax, add to them the cellar. The green tomatoes will happiness demand it. New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash-
and ington Southern Railway to
two tablespoonfuls of alcohol, the gradually ripen, and continue the Infertile will four timesas Northern }Columbia, Florida Central &;
beaten season of fresh tomatoes. eggs keep Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
yolk of an egg and a pint of long as fertilized ones. Therefore points in Florida.

hot water. Put this in a bottle and Good food cheaply raised and eco- keep the cocks from the hens Cincinnati to Harriman JuneCincInnati
cork' it fed stock away tion by Queen &:; Crescent,
tightly. When used, rub well nomically to good means
when the eggs are not needed for Harriman Junction to Ashe-
into the scalp and make a good lather. independence for the farmer, and hatching. Asheville & 1 vine and Columbia by Southern -

Carefully wash the hair in several Waters enough of it means general prosperity.A Jacksonville Central Railway&:; Pensnsular and -Florida Columj -

having the first water hot and the good tool house and ample sheds A sample of Georgia "gourd-seed" j bia to Jacksonville.
last cool. corn, produced by a grower in Her- Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
one This will taking sufficient house harness
prevent to wagons, Cincinnati Queen &:; Crescent to Chattanooga -
cold if the hair is dried thoroughly. plows, hoes, in fact all the implements nando county, is thus described by the and } Southern R'y to Ever-
Brooksville Star "The Florida ette, Florida Central &:; Peninsular -
Plants that have been recently repotted pertaining to the farm, and a shop : ear weighs two Limited. to all important Florida
and one-half
palms especially, should not where they can be repaired in wet pounds, and measures points.
twelve inches in and inchesin Kansas City. Fort Scott &;
length ten Kansas
be brought at once into a living room, weather and kept in readiness for use and City Memphis R.R.to Kansas City, ,
but needed is and will circumference. This corn was grownon Jackso'vllleThro to Birmingham, Southern R'y'
where is when
kept it cool, nor should a necessity to Everette Fla. Ceutral k:;
land without
they be watered so plentifully as when be found on every economically man- pine fertilizing, ands Line Peninsular to all Fla. points.
in farm. not a clear cut giant by itself, but is Louis to Jacksonville by
they were a pot-bound condition.A aged
Short Line to Du
a sample of the ten acres. Southern 1St. Quoin,
good method for raising the Do not put off till to-morrow the Holly Sp'gg Central to Holly Bp'gs,
Ruralist. Route. City, Memphis &:; Birmingham -
crushed pile of velvet is to cover a hot mending of harness or fence, or carefully J to Birmingham,Sou.
R'y to Everette and F. C.&:; P.
iron, held upward, with a wet cloth cleaning or housing tools after
All stone fruits
require large Sioux City &:; Chicago to Jack-
lay the velvet on this, and then gently using. "A stitch in time saves nine"is potash. Oranges, peaches and plums sonville. 111. Cent. to Holly
Holly Sp'gs
beat the crushed part with a clothes good sense as well as good rhyme should have at least 12 to 13 per cent of !to ute. }Sp'gs, K.,, C.Sou.M.R'v&:; B.to to Ever-Birmingham -

brush. Lay the velvet out on a flat and is pertinent in these hard limes. potash in commercial fertilizers used. ette and the F. C. &:; P.

place and do not touch it until it is Northern farmers and For the fruits sulphate of potash is preferable Louis'ille &:; Nash'ille to Rive
are more
to muriate or kainit. New Orleans Junction. F. C. &:; P. only
perfectly dry. more using the cow pea to manure To 1 route with through sleepers
We repeat former advice, to promptly Jackso'ville between New Orleans and
When the dining table requires to their land. The Southern farmer has kill a sick chicken before it infects others. Jacksonville.The .

be made smaller and the felt under the advantage of both a fodder crop, Foraging fowls are generally healthyones F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in

cloth is too long, fasten small loops to a good article of human diet and Florida Tobacco running Regions through, the

each corner of it, and catch them on restoration of the soil. Cow peas or The Florida wire grass steer if now Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
Peach and Strawberry Lands,
small brass hooks screwed on the under beggar weed should be sown in every stalled and fed on grass, cow pea vines, Orange, Banana and Pineapple Co\ntry,
side of the table. corn field when the corn is laid by beggar weed, cotton sped meal and grain Phosphate Belt.
will make beef equal to the Chicago arti- Iraq the Silver Spring and
Ivory carvings that have become and in addition to two crops in one cle.A The Great Hunting Other Country.Fine Scenery

discolored can be restored by using a season, there will be a well fertilized country store is a poor place to buy Beaches the Noted Fishing Ground
field for the following season. garden seeds. In this climate Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety -
flannel wet in turpentine. Put themin they may of soils in the State and above all
the sunshine for three or four days Bananas make good cow feed. Both soon lose their vitality, and should be Runs over the Central Rldgeland .

after the first rubbing, and wet them leaf and stalk serve for feed and one bought as near to the grower as possible. Where It Is High and Healthy.
The hardness of the times makes it Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
again while they in the writer the cows will the es-
are sun. says gnaw the best freight facilities for any produce to
sential that as much fertilizer be made in the Northern markets.
down into the and
Anybody living in an apartment stumps ground the[ compost heap as possible. The mechanical Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
with little closet room can make excellent thinks it will pay to grow bananas for effect of humus in retaining free) and note tho towns on its route.

use of an ordinary shoe box cow feed. moisture is essential to success in garden A.O.MAODONBLL.G.P.A Jacksonville, Fla.,

that can be got at any shoe store. Line A field well seeded in beggarweedand ing. -

the inside with brown wrapping paper; turned under every fall with a ..- The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R..

fasten the top on with hinges, and two-horse plow will produce a good STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO,)\
cover the outside of the box with crop of corn continuously and im, LUCAS COUNTY. / BS Offers to Shippers

pretty denim or cretonne, tacked on prove. A field alternated with pindarsor FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that he The Shortest and Quickest Route

over a sheet of cotton batting. Finish cowpeas and fed down will do thesame. is the senior partner of the firm of F. J. BETWEEN

around the top with a plaiting madeof CHENEY &Co., doing business in the Cityof FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

the material and with small' The Kentucky Experiment Station Toledo, County and State aforesaid, THE EAST AND WEST.
put on and that said firm will pay the sume of With Improved Ventilated Cars this company
Bulletin the food of moles i is
brass nails. says ONE HUNDRED[ DOLLARS for each L is better equipped than ever ever to
almost exclusively animal and that the and every case of CATARRH that cannot Insure handle close the Orange connections and Vegetable and prompt Crops despatch,and

Bradley Redjteld. Eugene B. Bed CESTABLISHED small amount of vegetable matter they I be cuued by the use of HALL'S CATARRH to all Eastern and Western Markets.
eat is incidental, taken while procuring CURE. Through, cars to destination with-
1871. animal food. Is it the same withtbe FRANK CHENEY. out change or delay.
REDFIELD & SON, Sworn to before and subscribed i in Perishable freight followed by wire and
salamander of .Florida? me shippers advised time passing various junction -
my presence, this 6th day of December, and arrival at destination.
Commission Merchants Again we urge upon every Southernfarmer A. D. 1886. claims for overcharges and loss promptly

or householder to make preps ,--, A. W. GLEASON, adjusted.
-AMD- ration for the { } See that your goods are marked
a family garden-in
Fruit Auctioneers sue Notary Public.Hall's via F. C. & P. R: R.
farther South a winter gardenwhereall
call address
Catarrh For information on or undersigned -
Cure is taken
vegetables not affected by :
a light
141 Dock Street,Philadelphia, Pa. acts directly on the blood and mu C. E. TAYLOR,Tray.A'gt.Ocala,Fla.
frost can be raised in perfection. And cous surfaces of the system. Send for W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A'e't,Orlando, Fla.
We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables G. )1.nOLDEN,Trav. A' Leesbur Fla
do bed !fit
either at private sale(which has heretofore been not forget a strawberry or the : testimonials, free. W. R. FULLER,Trav.AVt, _

our custom)or by the auction system (recently: planting of a few peach and plum F J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.BSrSold Or N.S. PENNINGTON.Jacksonville omManag,Fla.fie ,

Added to our business)as YOU may desire. trees, and in Florida some oranges and by Druggists, 75c. W ,H. PLEASANTB, General Freight Aft





At time the of this in the of son of having the
one apple was one ings year expectation quarantine fees reduced -
Florida Farmer and 1 Fruit Grower the best paying fruits in Northern making a lucky hit thereby in next one-half.

California. To-day, with the excep-- year's market. That man does best while Pensacola the State collected Board last of Health year $24,000 collected ,

A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main tion of a few counties on the Coast 1n! the long run who raises one or more only 815,000.. With this fifteen-

Street. Jacksonville.Pla. Range, the apple crop is a dead loss, standard crops which the people of thousand the State Board paid all ex

owing to the ravages of the codlin the United States want, who raises penses. In other words let all the fees

TERMS OF! SUBSCRIPTION moth. them this year, next year and the year go into one fund. Then let them be reduced
--... one-half, which will leave the
For One Year .......n........................2.00I'or The bad effects of the mawkish sen- after; cultivates them with energy Board ample means to pay all expenses.We .
Biz Months....................... ..... i.oo and liberal fertilizing, and ships them hope this matter will be thoroughly
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 timentalism which commuted the with good judgment to one or at most investigated before the meeting of the
sentence of the murderer Driggersare two tried and approved houses in next legislature.
:Subscriptions in all cases cash in .
already The Lake
apparent. 4. >
advance. No discount allowed on one'sown each city, year after year, resisting inflexibly Report of the of
Secretary AJui-
Butler Bulletin the
subscription(except in a club), but to published near the blandishments of all other culture.
all agents a liberal cash commission will scene of the murder, openly threatens firms whatsoever, and paying little at-
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby linch law the next time. It says: tention to telegraphic market reports WORK OF THE WEATBER BUREAU.

them. Write for terms. "The next time an atrocious murder oc- which flit and down like butter- Reviewing the work of the Weather
To subscriber will send
every new we in midst thanks to the
curs our teachingof
flies. Bureau special stress is laid upon the
of Whitner's "Garden-
a copy State Board it
our Pardoning may not
ing in Florida." For two new subscribers again be in the power of a few influential --- .I- value of the many timely storm warn-

at $2.00 each, we will send, citizens to prevent individuals from Limes for Northern Markets. ing, which have been issued by the
postpaid", a copy of :Moore's "Orange taking the law into their own hands" I Bureau and have resulted in the pro-
A in
Culture. correspondent Jacksonvillewrites
<* tection from or damage of many mill
Rates of the Fruit Trade Journal thatit
advertising on application.
The Philadelphia Grocery World ions of dollar's worth of property, to
is the
general opinion there that
Remittances should be made by check, says: Last year there were shippedfrom say nothing of the many lives saved
limes carefully wrapped and packed
postal note money order or registered ,
:Mexico to the United States from impending danger. An increasein
fetter to order of will soon become an indispensable ar-
about four hundred carloads of the percentage of verifications is
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, ticle in the markets of the North and
oanges. On a close estimate it is noted.
Jacksonville, Fla. West. Thousands of limes are grow-
predicted that there will be
broughtinto ing wild in this State, and if they AGRICULTURAL PUBLICATIONS.

CONTENTS. this country this year anywherefrom should be placed on the market they During the year the Departmentissued

seven hundred to one thousand would be a strong competitor with the 376 publications, mainly for
carloads. The :Mexican bus-
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Peachrs in South orange lemon. Limes are pronounced by all gratuitous distribution. The aggre-
Florida; St. Michael Oranges; Better iness this year, up to date, is said to who are familiar with citrus fruits far gate number of copies printed was

fromDeSoto: County............... ...".. 755 have been very unprofitable. The superior to the lemon in 6,561,700. Under the act of January
The Kieffer Pearand kindred sorts; Tar- fruit from of in Mex- many ways,
point shipment and for health the lime juice is highly 12, 1895, the free distribution of doc-
red Paper for Orange Trees; Letter from
ico to destination in the different citiesin
uments has been curtailed and
the East Coast; Grape Fruit and Orangesin recommended. The impression is greatly
Philadelphia; Guarding the Good Nameof the East and West, costs about $3 to that if they should be properly introduced the surplus, after supplying the officialuse

our Oranges; How to Prevent Injury $3.05 per box, while the average returns in Northern markets would placed in the hands of the Super-

from Frost........ ............... .... ... 756 have ranged from $2.10 to they intendent of Documents who holds
have a ready sale, and much benefit ,
LIVE STOCK-The Cow for Him; Raising $2.40.
Dairy Cattle in the South .........."..... 757 .... would accrue to those who have pro- them for sale. Up to June 30, 1896,
-- --
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Strawberries in So. Peach Orchards. duced them for so many years on Bis- that officer had sold 2,818. The publication -

Alabama Experience with White Crickets and work has enormously
; 757 cayne Bay the Florida keys. grown
Potato Culture ,No. 3"............... .... 758 Careful comparison of results seemsto Limes bring a ready price in the Key during the past few years, and in-
POULTRY-RaisingWintcr Chickens;Best Fattening point to the conclusion that peach creased be
West and Miami markets where theyare appropriations must pro-
Ration; Kaffir Corn for Poultry; orchards have proved the most successful ,
vided but the
declares that
used almost in Secretary
One Dollar the Average; The Use of Dry on perfectly level land, and exclusively preference -
Earth; Fertile Duck's Eggs ....".. ..... 759 to lemons. Limes are sold as neither the Department of Agriculturenor
of character that will
yet such a water
OUR RURAL HOME-Blue Monday; Aid Society low as hundred. The experi. the Government itself can continuefor
25c per
Boys; Hints to Housekeepers.. ..... 760 !. not lie among the roots. To guard ment of shipping them North will the next five years to increase its

.Short Items .............. ..... ..... ....... 761 against this in retentive soil the earthis publications for distributionin
next season be tried and gratuitous
EDITORIAL What Crops are Best? Limes for plowed up into elevated ridges, and a permanent
the same ratio as for the last five
market be
found for. that
Northern Markets; A Pocket Quarantine; the peach trees planted on these may many
Report of the Secretary(Agriculture ... 762A artificial banks. are neglected in these parts. years without disbursing millions of

Heavy Potato Crop; Markets; Letter dollars. He protests against the in-
from Jamaica; Our St. Louis Letter ...... 752 trusion in the act of appropriation for
ENTOMOLOGY-Some. Essential Facts about What Drops are Best? A Pocket Quarantine.The the Department for the current fiscal

Insects, No. 3. ...................... ...... 764 We are often asked to state what Fernandina :Mirror has the following -
Experience with Muck.......,.,.'" I... 766 to on the selfish and : year of $82,500 for reprinting Horse-
best to for Northern
Strawbbrry Bed on a Barrel ..".......... 768 crops are grow vincial pro- books and Cattle books to be given
markets. An answer specific or com- policy of Escambia county in away by Congress.SEED .

Weather in Jacksonville. prehensive enough to meet the in- maintaining a separate quarantine

quirers' desire cannot be given, nor system. It expresses so well the sen- DISTRIBUTION.
Week Ending Nov 23, 1896 timents of THE FARMER The seeds distributed gratuitously
: can it ever be until crop and market AND FRUIT

I conditions can be forecast with reason- GROWER that we have nothing to add by the Government during the pres-
t a a c a aDATE. ..:
I fiscal
d b -a a II as o'Gic; able accuracy a year or months in ad- to it : ent year weighed 230,000 tons
GO :s fo4 i vance. Products which do extra well Pensacola has a quarantine system entirely and occupied thirty mail cars in transit.

Noy. 17 ........ -6.t -66 -76 -59 -17 -68 -.00 : this season are pretty likely to be those independent of the State Board of The cost of carrying them through the
Nov.IS .... .... 64 67 78 53 IS 70 ..00Noy. Health. A bill was passed by the last mails was over $70,000. Enough
19 ........ 6.t 67 75 62 68 I which are scarcest and most favored,
13 .04 giving Escambia the
Noy. ........ legislature county seed was sent out gratuituously to
20 65 67 78 63 15 70 .06Nay. and those yielding the smallest
returns -
of their
21........ 67 67 79 63 16 71 T privilege running: own quaran- plant miles of
....... whichare 115 square garden.
Nov. 22. 67 66 74 65 9 70 .00 to shippers are products tine.
Noy.23........ 68 69 76 64 12 70 .14 Each Congressman received enoughto
- most plentiful and therefore the It is a notorious fact that ever since
Mean ......... 66 67 77 63 14 70 .24 cheapest. Conditions, as regards this Escambia quarantine law has beenin plant 16334 acres. For the current

Total rainfall. many articles, may be distinctly reversed force, that there has been no cessation year, at present prices, the amount
next season-that is .of local quarrels over the spoils. Where- required by congress to be expendedin
A. J. MITCHELL, Observer. potatoes ever a large surplus fund is created there the purchase of seeds will make
4O* may be abundant and low now, and will always be found a number of political -
The Florida Voice, a Prohibition they may be scarce and high a year financiers ready to "blow it in." The each Congressman's quota double

organ, published at West Palm Beach hence. This irregularity and uncer- large surplus which the Escambia Board what it was last year. The Secretary

by Arthur C. Jackson, will be mailed tainty unfortunately follow the entire has allowed to accumulate, is no doubt a sincerely regrets this unnecssary and

free for three months to any party list of fruits, vegetables and produce, : fruitful source of much of their wrang- wasteful expenditure of public moneys

sending the publisher his address ona so that values cannot be even approx- ling.We believe that the lawi n quarantine and hopes Congress may in good time

postal card. imately estimated any considerable matters should be uniform throughoutthe put a stop thereto.EXPERIMENT .

.. length of time in advance.We State. STATIONSFUNCTIONS.The .

A national convention of tobacco would recommend the plantingof Pensacola is one of the natural gate- work of the Experiment Stations .
of Florida. Because of this fact
growers will assemble at Ocala, Jan ground crops, the cultivation of tribute ways should not be levied upon our, I. is reviewed at some length. The

uary 12, 1897, to which delegateshave fruits and the production of other commerce and the monies received be Secretary takes pains to indicate what

been invited from twentytwostates commodities best suited to your soil, applied locally. Pensacola, in retaining I are the functions of experiment sta

by letters addressed to their to your climate and to your facilitiesto her quarantine fees, does so at the expense tions. During the year, complyingwith

Governors by Governor Mitchell properly care for and market, not If Pensacola of the other sections of the State. the authority granted by Con.
should be under the
Secretary Morton will send two dele striving to subdue or overcome the control of the State Board put of Health, the gress, the Department formulated certain

gates to represent the government. natural conditions of your surround. whole State would be benefitted by rea general regulations and principlesmI


--- -- --




which should control experiment station New York Market. THE=

expenditures. He opposes for Southern Green Vegetables few Key

the present the establishment of an West tomatoes recently arriving, and FIRST NATIONAL
agricultural experiment station in showing good to fine quality, met a fair BANK OF FLORIDA

Alaska, but recommends an appropri- demand; most sales at 2.50 to 2.75 per .
carrier for prime ripe stock, but a few
ation of $5,000 for a preliminary investigation extra lots were placed a shade higher. JAcIsoNvIhL1 .

of the agricultural resour- Norfolk green peas brought high prices The Oldest National Bank in the State.
ces of the Territory.The early in the week but since Wednesday

Secretary suggests some form the arrivals have been nearly all inferior CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.By .
of coopperation between the agricultural badly injured-and the conservative,yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest for
sales have been low. A few from and solidity,
very strength ability to meet all legitimate demands. .
1 [colleges and the Civil Service Charleston, of fair quality, sold at 1.25 to We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
: Commission, with a view to certifyingmore 1.50 per bushel basket; fancy would sell drafts on all pans of the world.
We invite visit
a or ,
correspondence looking toward
readily persons adapted for employment quickly at extreme prices. String beans favors shall at aU times receive intelligent and careful attentiov business relations, assuring you that yOU
in the scientific divisions of ruled firm up to Wednesday morning, JAMES M. SCHUMACHER
the fine bright Charleston lots reaching 1.25 R. C. COOLEY

Department. ..._ to 1.50, but many inferior dragging at President. Cashier.
--- lower figures. On Thursday sales Safe
A were Deposit Boxes For Rent.
Heavy Crop of Potatoes.
slow and prices eased off a little, but on
The Department of Agriculture at Friday the market recovered under a fair

Washington, in its last report, says : demand receipts sold for readily choice quality when choice., and today's Flori- SEEDS SEEDS SEEDS !

The general condition of this crop declined da beans vary widely in quality and A FULL STOCK OF

from 83.2 to 81.7 during Sep- value; a few fancy bright wax by ex- New Field and Garden
tember. The October condition of press have exceeded quotations, whichare Seeds

1895 was 87.4, and of 1891, 91.3. however, full high for most of the
these supply. Poor beans from all points are a
Excepting two the
years, present
drug on the market. Florida cucumbers
has better prospects than any since have sold fairly when fancy, but there ONION SETS<

1888. Taking leading States, condi- are few such, and the ordinary qualitiesare RED AND YELLOW, $4.00 per Bushel.
tions have fallen in New York, Penn- hard to move. Egg plants have been WHITE, $4.50" "
sylvania, Ohio, :Michigan, Wisconsin, much less plenty, and good lots are now Send for price list.

Iowa and Missouri, though the changehas brining fair Norfolk prices.and Not Baltimore much demand spinachhas L. CAMERON\ Seedsman,

been slight in the last two. Con arrived in some quantity, but it is Jaokson.vIl1e. FlorIda.

ditions improved somewhat in Maine, unsalable at any profitable price, local OUR GRADES OF STOCKS
Illinois and Minnesota. Of these ten stock being very plenty and cheap. Myrobolan Plum-Mahaleb Cherry-Mazrard Cherry-Manetti GIVE SATISFACTION.
States only one, Maine, has a condi -:.... liaise your own Seedlings.you have ground to spare it is cheaper Rose-Apple-Pear-Quince.and you can raise
Florida Oranges in Market. to supply other growers, We can supply you with Fresh French, Japan and American Seeds,
100; three, Pennsylvania, and Raffia for budding and grafting. Samples and prices from
Ohio and Illinois, a condition above Jamaica grape-fruit of good quality THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS, GERMAMTOWN, PA. .
90; two, Iowa and Missouri, above 80; may be had at 8 to 15 cents each, and
three, New York, Michigan and Minnesota selected oranges, from the same island, arising last season to every man that pers hope to recompense themselves for
above and Wisconsin cost 45 to 60 cents a dozen. Several hun speculated in them. The prices last the heavy losses that most of them have
70, one, dred boxes of oranges from Punta Gorda, year, as now, were so low a loss was not so far incurred.
above 60. In other important t Fla., brought $4.50 a box, wholsale, last thought of and yet it proved the most The weather, so far, has been very
States conditions range from 64 i in week, when $3.00 a box was an extreme disastrous season in years. One operator propitious, and fruit is carrying in much
Colorado to 98, the figure reported for price for Jamaica oranges.-Garden and who lost $6,000 last season in what he better order than last year. Prices have
Virginia, Kentucky and South Dakota. Forest, Nov. 18. put away has not stored a bushel so far. ruled lower than last year, owing to the
A cable to the New York Fruit Trade They are all very timid. unsettled condition of business in the
From this it is
that the
seen crop Journal, dated London, Nov. 20, reports # United States, incident to the uncertainty
promises to be one of larger volumethan Florida oranges, boxes, $5.50 to $6.00; The celery traffic in every market is of election times. Now that the election
usual, notwithstanding a small 1 Valencias, 420s, cases, $2.37 to$2.75; 714s, steadily developing certain facts that the is settled-and settled rightlybusinessof
reduction in area reported in the pre $2.37 to $2.62.P. growers and producers everywhere every kind will liven up, and the fruit
liminary returns made in July. The' Ruhlman & Co. say: Our first car of should not be slow to recognize. Not trade will feel the effect.
questions of size of tubers and Mexican oranges to this city arrived yes- many years ago Kalamazoo, Mich., was As to the tales of Jamaica fruit being
keepingquality ; terday morning in very good condition.It supplying almost every market in the shipped from here packed in Florida
of the product enter largely into i 1- resembles Florida, and is the best fla- country with celery. The traffic then boxes and labelled, "Floridas/1 it is all
the matter of marketable supply, vored fruit here. We sold it at $3.10 to grew to such a magnitude that Kalamazoo rot. The bulk of the fruit is sent in barrels -
however, and returns show that in this $4.00 as to size, a few very small! sizes a was advertised far and wide. The and the greater part of the boxed
respect the crop is quite generally dis little less. Received one car of Floridas; greatest hotels in New York inserted fruit is put up by Hubbard & Williamsat
they are still a little too green to sell *Kalamazoo celery" in their bills of this place, as the printed wraps testify,
appointing. More or less complaintof well, but sold the bulk at $4.25; they fare. No banquet was complete withoutit. as well as the stencils on the boxes; so it
rotting comes from nearly every show some waste. Sold a few Florida But what a change has taken place.In is impossible to palm them off as "Flori
section ot the country, but particularly) Mandarins and Tangerines at $10 a bun- the same State we find Adrian, York, das." If it is done it is by dealers in the

from the New England and Eastern dle.Boston Jackson, Comstock, Decatur, Tecumseh United States. Jamaica oranges, when
States. The State agent for New has paid much better pricesfor and other points raising: such fine celery well ripened, are equal to Florida seed-
Jamaicas than New York, barrels that it brings double the prices paid for lings, if not a great deal of the budded
England, for instance, reports: "Late going up to $6.50 and boxes, original Kalamazoo stock. The labor and enter- fruit.
potatoes rotting badly; sections of the packages, up to $3.50. prise of the producers there has been so The best posted shippers here look for
State, Maine, will not realize above poorly rewarded the past few years that an increased tariff, but if it is put on only
half crop." Connecticut: "Much of Our St. Louis Letter. they have been forced to more inviting from November to March, inclusive, it
crop unmerchantable by reason of Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. fields, and the industry that made Kalamazoo would benefit Florida, and still give
famous the United a
size and quality. Much rot is discovered It will now pay your people to ship States is declining fast in proportion to II. G. num ET.
by digging in New York and peas and beans here-2.00 to 2.25 box. ita development elsewhere. The most Ewarton, Jamaica.
Pennsylvania," is the statement of the Tomatoes are still low, a few of our old :triking fact to note about the celery Our correspondent sends a fancy tissue
department's agent for those States.In crop being still in sight, but they will 1 trade now, and for some time past, is the wrap used by C. B. Hubbard, on which
the South and of the 'Vesttubers disappear altogether this week. Gumbois steady demand for the choice stock at is distinctly printed in two places,
parts more abundant and cheaper-1.50 to "
"From Ewarton Jamaica.
good prices, while the medium and ,
show effects of drouth. Notwithstanding 2.00 crate. Cucumbers rather low-1.2
:> grades are badly neglected at such small .
these unfavorable features ; to 2.00 box as to size, etc. The first figures that the producers can't afford to
when the prospective volume of strawberries, a crate from California, market them, being rather out of propor simple"BROWN'S and convenient BRONCHIAL TROCHES" are a
in this week-California however remedy Bronchial -
tion with
the is considered there figures choice secures
wouldseem celery
crop disappears when Florida begins. Mexico Affections and Coughs. Carry them
and yet this fine stock is abundant
to be no great danger of decided little here in your pocket.
any may ship a next month. Their enough to come here by the car
shortage in the supply. A feature express rates are very high-coming over load. Producers must now grow the .
of the present outlook, encouraging 3,000 miles and are four days or more in i best or none. P. M.\ KIELT. Let us make you a suggestion Yon

to the producer. is the prospective transit. it ,. ....... have chickens, they pay you. Send us

shortage- 01- the -European crop, -ID I The potato market is beginning at last Letter from Jamaica. and$2.50 the for Rural FARMERS New-Yorker AND FRUIT, both GROWER
Germany, a heavy producer of pota to show a little more life and a very iaitorFarmer and Fruit-(;rowa: year. Read all that the Rural says about
toes, not more than half a crop is 'I slight advance. The strongest feature to Shipments of fruit the past week havebeen poultry, and if yon don't get more than
likely, and with less heavy shortagesin note at this time is that notwithstanding somewhat larger than the week an extra dollar out of your chickens next
other States, an increased demand the very low prices prevailing{ so far previous as shippers were looking for a year we will return your full dollar. Send
there seems no disposition to put away rise in values after the election. The to the Rural New-Yorker, New York for
for trade will arise. ,
export probably the customary liberal quantities for winter coming month will see large quantities of free sample copy.Wintergrown.
t and spring wants. Indeed there are fruit leave the island for the markets of .. .
'"' The fruit garden should be a source fewer potatoes stored away at this time the United States, and the crop will be potatoes in Florida bring
than there has been in the past twentyyean pretty well cleaned up in that time. Better from $t to $9 per barrel. Summer-grown
of pleasure, profit, inspiration, devo- -cheap and abundant as they are. prices are, with good reason, looked potatoes in the North are worth from
tion. However, this is due to the big losses for the balance of the season, and ship nothing to thirty-five cents per bushel.

,, ,. d ". '..--' -._-, --- .'. "
----- --- --- --
;: ; --------O--if-------,

L__ : .. : : -'--- -= -
------i-- ---

-,1 .
.- T .



food begins. Nutritious parts of the : there extend two nerve-cords, and in I NOTICE OF INTENTIONTO

Entomology. food pass through the walls of the each segment there is to be found a

canal and with the ganglion. In the head region are to
- - - - alimentary mingle
SOME 01 ESSENTIAL FACTS blood among the tissues. The urinary be found two large ganglia known as APPLY FOR LETTERS

ABOUT INSECTS.-IIL waste of the urinary tubules passes the supra and esophageal gang-

into the intestine and passes out with lia. These are frequently referred to PATENT.Notice .
BY the waste of the body. as the brain." These two gangliaare

A. L. QUAINTANCE, M. S. connected by a cord extending
The circulatory or vascular systemof is hereby given that on the tenth
From day
around the canal.
Florida Agricultural College and Ex. insects is widely different from that alimentary of December, A. D. 1896, the undersigned will
the to the apply to Governor Henry L. Mitchell, for let-
supra-ganglion nerves run
periment Station, Lake City, Fla. of vertebrates. There is no heart, in and ters patent on the following proposed Charterfor
compound eyes, ocelli, antennae THE EAST MEXICO IMPROVEMENT Cou-
the; true sense of the word, in insects.
other of the head. The labium PANY.
There is a dorsal tube above the L. R. BENJAMIN, Jacksonville, Fla.J. .
The internal anatomy of insects has alimentary canal, to which the name of maxillae and other parts are suppliedwith C. OUEELEY, "
received much attention from studentsin heart has been applied. This little nerves from the subganglion.A W. H. HAHWICK, "

entomology. As in vertebrates we tube continues for the greater part of nerve runs back from the supra- -

recognize several distinct systems; the : the length of the Insect. In the ganglion along the alimentary canal ; Articles of Incorporation

nervous, digestive, circulatory, mus- abdominal region it allows of the en this is known as the vagus nerve and ;

cular and respiratory. trance of blood from the tissues I has been compared to the sympathetic -
naturalist has slits its sides. of vertebrates. From the KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that ;
Lyonet, a through narrow along system we,the undersigned citizens of the State of
shown that the muscular system of an The anterior portion of this tube does body ganglia many branches run Florida hereby associate ourselves togetherand

insect rivals our own in complexity not possess these slits, and is knownas out to the surrounding parts of the and form by virtue a body of politic the laws and corporate of the State under of

and in the number of muscles. Un- the aorta. This tube is contractileand body. Florida now in force governing general cor-
,and and
porations publish declare the follow-
like the vertebrates the muscles of in- forces the blood toward the The reproductive organs in most ing objects and powers of said company, to-

sects are soft and almost gelatinous, head, keeping up a sluggish circula insects are paired, with one external wit First.: The name of said corporation shall
yet we find more strength m some of tion. Leaving this tube the blood opening.THE be "The East Mexico Improvement Com
these animals, comparatively, than in bathes the tissues with its supply of pany." The shall general located or homo office of the
company oe in the city of Jack-
any others. The ant, beetle and flea food material. When poured out from : METAMORPHOSIS OF INSECTS. sonville, Duval county, Florida, U. S. A., at

are known to far surpass in strength, the aorta it must depend mainly for All insects, except one order, undergo pany which shall office be the conducted.general affairs The said of the company com-

their size being taken into consideration its distribution upon the movementsof remarkable changes during the i I shall have hereinafter power through provided its Board for to of Directors -

the strength of any other animal.As the body of the animal. It even course of their lives. Concerning other offices in such places in the United open

before stated, the external hard tually gets back to the posterior por- these changes many erroneous ideas deem States necessary Mexico for or other the transaction countries as the it may said

covering of insects allows for the at- tion of the body, where it re-enters the 1. prevail among those who have been company's business.
tachment of muscles on its inner sur Second. The object and business of the
company shall be to acquire by purchase or
face. The microscopic structure of otherwise real estate in said county or Stato
and other States of the United States as wellas
the muscles of insects is composed ofa
in Mexico and such other countries as may
number;> of distinct fibres; these are bo deemed best by the Board of Directors of
the company,and to improve and develop the
not enclosed in sheaths as with verte- same, as well as to sell, mortgage, lease or
brates. otherwise dispose of it.
To buy, sell and exchange all classes of
The alimentary canal or digestive stocks, bonds, notes and mortgages.To .
system. This may be considered as borrowand loan moneyon such security
terms and Shall
conditions as the company
a more or less convoluted tube extending deem best.
from the mouth to the anus. t Third. The amount of capital stock shall
is of several differ- be Three Million ($3,000.000)( )) dollars, divided
It composed parts into Three Hundred Thousand ((300,000): ( ))
ent in form, corresponding with their of Ten direct.((810,00)>< each, to be paid up as bylaws

different uses. The first part of the may Fourth. The' term of existence shall be

alimentary canal, next to the mouth, Patent.perpetual from date of issuing Letters

is known as the cesophagus. This is Fifth. The amount of indebtedness of said
corporation shall at no time exceed fifty ((50))
continuous with the mouth. Follow- Fig. 2.-SCHISTOCERCA AMERICANA :
per cent.of the par value of the stock issued.
ing this is the crop. The true stomach Showing the Early Stages of the Nymph; a. First Stage; b, Second Stage; c, Third Stage.U. Ih3 tb. A Board of directors, composed of
( S. Dep't Agriculture.) not less than three nor more than eleven
or ventriculus, is about half as stockholders,shall manage and control its af
thick as the From its anterior fairs and have general supervision of its bus-
crop. dorsal tube and is again started to unable to give the study of insects iness interests. Said board shall be elected
end there arises a number of organs annually at the time and in the manner provided
called These but ward the head. much attention. In earlier times much by the by laws of said corporation; first
gastric creca. are election of said board shall take place on the
dilations of the true stomach, and The respiratory system is particu- superstition enshrouded these remark- second Wednesday in December, A. D. 1837,
able In the earlier of and until which time the said board shall be
doubtless absorptive larly interesting. It consists of trachaeor changes. part
serve to give a greater composed of the undersigned incorporators,
surface. From the posterioror air tubes, which are thoroughly distributed the present century the civil and ecclesiastical who shall continue in office until their successors *
are duly elected and qualified.
pyloric end of the stomach are borne through the body. On each authorities in Chile arresteda Seventh. The officers of said corporationshall
the urinary tubules; these doubtlessserve side of the abdomen and on the thorax man by the name of Renous on a be a President Vice President, Secre-
tary and Treasurer (one hold two
as kidneys. Following the true are to be fouad the several small charge of witch-craft, because he was or more offices),who shall person be elected may annually

I. stomach is the intestine. This is di- openings of these tubes to the exterior. thought to be able to turn caterpillarsinto I by selected the Board to serve of Directors.until the first The annual Board above meet-

vided into a small and large intestine. These are called spiracles. The air butterflies. This is an extreme ing shall choose said officers to serve until the
within these tubes much the case of ignorance. But even in this first annual election and until their succes-
The large intestine is further divided passes by sors are elected and qualified.
into other subdivisions, the colon and same mechanism as that by which we day the exact significance of these Eighth. Said corporation shall adopt by-
changes is possibly not familar to all. laws consistent with the laws cf the State of
the rectum, which extend to the anus. breathe. The oxygen passes through Florida, and with these articles of Incorporation -
The above applies to insects with bit- their thin walls to the interior, and Let us first note those insects which for the managemen of its affairs; those

ing mouthparts particularly. In insects thus becomes available for the use of have no metamorphosis. These are of first all adopted the shares shall of be stock adopted then by issued a majority; they

with sucking mouthparts the di- the tissues. Many insects live in known as Thysanura, which is the may provided be amended by said bylaws.In or repealed. in the manner

gestive system differs somewhat from water. These do not breathe as do name of the order to which they be- witness whereof we have hereunto af

this type. crabs or lobsters ; generally speaking long. The young insect just coming November fixed our hands, A. D.and 1896.seals this seventh day of

'It may be interesting to follow the they breathe by what is known as from the egg is of the same form as L. Il BENJAMIN [ESeal.j]

course of food through the alimentarycanal. tracheal gills. This is a structure in the adult; they increase in size, but J..C.H.GUEELEY HAKWlck: fSeal.1VT. ]

.. The food having been cut up which the air passes into the air tubesin do not undergo any marked change STATE [Seal 1

by the jaws passes to the crop whereit the expanded gill-like structure, during their life history. It is inerest- County OF FLORIDA of Duval., } 83.

is acted upon by the alkaline salivary from the surrounding water, and then ing to note that these insects are regarded On this day personally appeared before me,
fluid. Starchy matter is here changedinto becomes distributed all over the body. as constituting the lowest orderof L. R. Benjamin, W. ft. Warwick, and J. C.

glucose and absorbed slowly. These gills differ from the true gill ofa insects. They are wingless, and in signed Greeley.to the foregoing me well known articles as of the incorporation persons who =

From the crop the food is pushed on, fish or crab in that the blood does one group, the abdomen bears reduced and acknowledged that they executed the
and reaches the stomach. Here it is not circulate in the gill absorbing the appendages. This indicates a same whereupon for the it is purposes prayed that therein the same expressed may be

acted upon by the alkaline fluid secreted oxygen directly, but it is supplied with somewhat close relationship to the recorded.In .

by the lateral pouch which these air tubes, which take up the centipedes Myriapoda, the class immediately hand witness and seal whereof, this Seventh I have hereunto day of Novem-set my

pr.obablyaids in digestion, and also oxygen and furnish it to the blood. below Insecta, as we have ber, A. D. IKtf. ALLEX

by a,neutral or alkaline fluid secreted The nervous system consists of previously noted. All insects except g-, to yLPubl1SEAL ,

by the lining of the stomach. In the nerves, nerve-cords, and ganglia. I the members of this order undergo a } State (Florida

i intestine rapid absorption of the fluid Along the ventral walls of the body metamorphosis, and with respect to c-v- at Large.

__e __ ___ ,_ -. ,," -' ._ ..- --





16 Main Street,

Would Announce3E-
That They Have Made

Special Preparations HOLIDAY

For . .THE ;"r-

7JI1 I OI H8'l7 FOOD
. .
THEY are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, ,the Finest Engraver in :-
the Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce- )
ments,write to us for samples and prices.

Printing and Book Binding a Specialty. ... /

; C. W. DaCOSTA, Manager. j
,'.. '<:.
: -
.. ""
"... :

... -



this change may be divided into two that muck is yet to be found of very FOR SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres TJOWKBR'S ANIMAL MEAL. To make hens
390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and JL> lay and chicks grow. Our little book the
groups, namely, those that undergoan great value to our agriculture, and that tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville, Egg tells all about U. E. W. AMSDEN,

incomplete metamorphosis, and in the addition of the missing mineralsis Fla. 8-24-tf 9-I9-tt Onnond Fla.

those whose metamorphosis is com- to be found the the
I key to success- IRRIGATED GROVE- 100 acres, to years set TfTIRE; NETTING, best goods for the least
plete. Those insects that undergo an ful application of its nitrogen contents. :50 in other fruit trees, etc. YV money. Write for latest price list. E. W.
sacrifice. Address"}I "The Palms
For sale at a AMSDEN Ormond, Fla. 9-19-tf
incomplete metamorphosis may be recognized If I am correct, it will save millions to Lane Park.Lake County, Fla. 4 27-901

from the fact that the young sections in command of it, and yearly LOUISIANA GRASS (PASPALUM PLA-

bear considerable resemblance to the hundreds of dollars to the writer, who CORN MILLS\ AND SHELLERS for fam- ) grass for lawns and permanent
Hand or power. Shel'ers $2.50 pastures. Sets, $I.5o per 1,000, by express; 35
adult; as an example we may use the uses chemicals liberally. Mills, $5.00, $40.00. Will make ccarse grits or cents per hundred,postage paid. W.H. POWERS,
grasshopper or locust. A locust that has fine meal, oatmal, graham flour. "Daisy" gar- Lawtey, Fla.BERKSHIRE.
den plow, $3.00 Address the Editor, Box 524,
just hatched from the egg can be re- uOENT- -WOBD" COLUMN. Jacksonville, Fla. BOAR PIGS from thorough

cognized as such from its striking re. stock. Entitled to reg
ister. Write us for prices. Fisher & Powers,
semblance the adult, and although A GREAT BARGAIN.-I have about one FOR SALE. 25 ACRE LE CONTE Lawtey, Fla.MAMMOTH. .
Grove,trees set twelve right on
thousand each Villa Franca Lemon,genuine years;
much smaller in size the form of the
Parson Brown Orange, Walters Grape Fruit, a the railroad. Five acres of it in the corporate
body is essentially the same as that of few Marsh Seedless; Buds from a# to 4 feet;are limits Fla. of Monticello., Fla. Box 524,Jacksonville, BRONZE, $1.25. TURKEY Limited number.GOBBLERS P.
rested moved before
on ground;must be January Rock Pullets and hens reasonable MRS.
the mature insect. See figure 2 which 15th. Price 12% cents-each-Ilo.oo per hundred. prices.
GOMPERTS, Lady Lake, Fla.
illustrates the early stages of our large Write for particulars to M. E GILLETT, GENUINE Nunan, Bessie. Cherokee, Colum- 10-24-3
11-28-4 Weirsdale or Tampa, FL!. Michel's Early. Stevens
"bird locust," shown in figure i. The and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000, Jt.oo. NURSERY TREES AND BUD WOOD.
JULIUS ScnNADELBACH.LcKk Box 4,Grand Bay, Parson Brown Boone Pineapple
most striking differece that is to be AT '
SEED Ala. King, Ruby and Tardiff. Marsh Seedless and
Early Rose. }4.oo. Carmen, $2,00, Fruit. Villa Franca Lemon.
observed is in the absence of Triumph Grape
wingsin Rural New-Yorker, '.00. WILSON&TOOMER
Geo. E. Snow. Eastlake, Fla. 10-319
the insect. After a time The Fertilizer House of Florida, NURSERY TREES WILL HAVE 20,000
young Jacksonville, Fla. of the most popular varietiesfor
small wing pads appear, and at suc- delivery this fall and winter. Send in your MCNEIL PEAS, Orange Trees and Buds.
cessive moults become de- FOR SALE-Full.blooded Brown Leghorn orders now, and be sure to pet what you want. supply of the celebrated McNeil
more fully Price,$1.00 each. Pric s and particulars on application. W. K. Peas. A few Tardiff and Parson Brown trees on
veloped until the adult stage is reached. Lawtey, Fla. R. PUDDY. Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla.iOtf. good strong sour roots, also a few thousand buds
for sale. Will satisfaction in
guarantee every
Previous to the last moult the two I10R EXCHANGE. Valuable Cincinnati case. W H. Mann, Manville, Putnam county
pairs of wings are borne in different Want desirable, medium size, CAYENNE ABBAKAand GOLDEN Florida. 9a6WANTED.
Brick Furnished SMOOTH
Hotel, ,doing good business, in
Pineapple Plants. All from
than in the adult the first Florida. Also other Nortbe grown
positions n properties. Want
fruiting plants at our :Modelo Park Pinery. OR- 3000 Orange Buds on Sour Stock.
pair of wings being found underneaththe good Florida properties. Give particulars and LANDO GRAPE AND FRUIT CO., C. S. Van size, and variety of buds, also
Address Box Cincinnati
prices. 83.Station D, O.
Houten,Orlando, F.a. 1oto6LAMB'S age and size of sour stock. E. H. Mote Lees-
second. Other insects that do
not burg, Fla. "-7-3
WANTED.] Property in or near Winter SUMMER ORANGE TREES. Tan-
through a complete metamorphosis
. pass which I will give city property in four NURSERY TREES FOR SALE.
grafts on two to inch rough 30 000
are the squash.bug, cicada, dragonfly Council Bluffs, Iowa. Address E. D. Putney, Lemon stock; also sour seedlings % to i inch f including seedling Grape Fruit,

and may-fly. These insects do not. Mt. Dora Fla. 11-21- stock. J.D, Franklin, Mt. Dora, Fla. 11-14-4 gerines Hart's and, Budded Valencia Grape late.Fruit.Pineap Eureka Lemons Tan-

have a quiescent state as do beetles, RARE CHANCE-FOR SALE. A well im IN THE SATSUMA Seedless Grape Fruit;all buds on \)% year oldGrape
Fruit,Truck and Poultry Farm with NO EQUALS STATE. Fruit stock. Very fine prices reasonable.
butterflies and bees, whose metamor- crop. Desirably situated. Ten acres. Address, trees on sweet stock, Hart's Late. Dancy BOWYER& STEPHENS, Lakeland, Fla. 10-10-8
Fruit and Poultry, 115 East Bay Street. 11-21-3 Tangerines at d Parson Brown budded low,
phosis is complete. The young or trained to sticks. Buds 4 to 7 fret high Limited IN THE FROSTLESS REGION
larval condition of insects with an in- s'ock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, In- TRUCKERS compete with Cubans in sup
CITRUS NURSERY TREES. terlachen, Fla. 101010Kfl plying Northern cities with Okra in the early
should be
complete metamorphosis AU the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Car- spring. Plant from now on to the first of March.
known as the nymph stage. We thus ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet, Paper 000 FIFTY THOUSAND IMPROVED Get my Early Smooth Green Pod Seed from the
Rind St. Michael Pierces' Ruby Jaffa, Pineapple observe that in these insects, there are Majorca, Cunningham, Homosassa and sale at $1.50 per 1000 by T. E. Blackshear Tboiu- The only profitable variety for shipping. W.S.
three different stages in their life his- Hart's Late Pernambuco, Improved Triumph, asville, Ga. 11-14-3 Reddick, Buras,La. 17.14-6NURSERIES
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless
tory, the egg, the nymph and the Fruit, Satsuma Tangerine and King All fine
adult. one year old buds, on four and five year old
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock, Will
bud dormant on contract to any varieties parties THE LAKElAND
( ) may desire. Fine Kumquat Budwood for sale.
Correspondence solicited. Address C. W. Fox I
Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park Lake
Experiments With Muck\ Co., Fla.

C. M. MARSH: : Proprietor
Muck as a source of nitrogen is be- AT A GREAT BARGAIN. Large Buds in ,

coming more and more appreciated Large Stock. Will bear in a few years. Va-
rieties true to name. J. L. Derieux, Lakeland,
but it is almost destitute of the mineral Fla. 11-14-4

fertilizers-phosphoric acid and potash
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
-and the failure to make use of these FRESH trees 4 to 5 feet, 50 cents per each.quart.T. K.

mineral fertilizers in connection with Godbey,Waldo, Fla 11-14-3

the application of muck or plowed in SOUTHERN SEED COMPANY, Glencoe,Ala-
Seed and Fancy Poultry. Cata- General Nursery Stock.
. leguminous plants has resulted in but a logue Free. 11-14-3

minimum of the benefits of the humus. I
A correspondent of the Country Gen-i d. STICKLER SEED EO., United,

tleman gives his experience: THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF
In 1894 muck alone was used; muck Successors to

with potash and phosphoric acid were I Richard Frotschcr's Gravier Street Branch Store,

also used,and a lot planted with chem- Nos.Importers 518 and and 520 Gravier dealers St.in,New Flower Orleans, Field, La.and Orange, Lemon, Lime and Grapefruit l L Trees

icals alone. The muck was taken green Garden Seeds. Grasses, clover, bulbs, seed potatoes
and fruit trees in their season, Conductedby
from the meadow and showed better
relatives ofthe late Richard Frotscher. Order We Make a Specialty of
results where it was used than whereit through Richard Frotscher's manual of 1896 or

was not used. The ratio of yieldwas send for one free. SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.

as follows: For the two minerals.

alone, 100; muck alone, 136; muck. SEE OUR L18 BISLOXV.

and minerals, 168. For the followingyear
Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees if fine trees and bed-
muck alone gave as 100 is to 102, rock prices will do it. We have twenty live varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour,
where the three elements, nitrogen, Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots as follows :

potash and phosphoric acid were used. GET THE PURE PARSON BROWN BUD.
have reduced prices for our budwood ORANGES.
Muck drawn from the meadow in a very low. We have no agents here. Persons LEMONS.
wanting budwood guaranteed pure Parson Brown Dancy Tangerine, Eureka (seedless)
pile the last of the winter and then (Carney: tree) should order direct from us. Nowis Satsuma (seedless) Belair Premium and Genoa.

placed at the bottom of potato drills the time for tall budding-wood well matured King.
and prces very low. Address us Lake Weir,Fla. Mandarin. POMELO or GRAPEFRUIT.
doubled the crop by the scales. This CARNEY CO., or John Carney.. 10-10-6 King Tangerine.
Kumquats (oblong and round). Marsh Seedless.
year a permanent set of experimentswas RubyBlood. Excelsior.

laid out for the test of muck by Joppa Late;(Seedless) Aurantium (sweet rind)
the side of yard manure, chemicals, Pineapple.Valencia Late. LIMES.

and muck and minerals.At Parson Brown
nothing plats .
St. Michael Blood, (paper rind) Tahiti (seedless)
present, September 17, the crop of Jaffa (Sanfonl's). MISCELLANEOUS.
Hart'H Tardiff, (Sanford's).
is not harvested but muck
corn ap- FRUIT TREES VINES Centennial. Japanese Peaches Plums Chestnuts and
pears to have again given an increaseof Roone's Early.Mediterranean. Persimmon Trees.
,, PLANTS and NUT TREES. Sweets, (Sanford's.) Strawberry and Pineapple Plants etc.
crop, while muck and the two min-
r For Southern Orchards
erals missing in it appear to be still t, and Groves. No agents. For descriptive catalogue and price-list, apply to

better, for the third year, by the scales k. Write for price list.
and rod the ,
confirming impression 9-26-25 Thomasville, Ga. .
La.1Jeland PIa.0.F .


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G. M. SORREL, Manager.
f ash 1.
&?* The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as q0rT
follows : t

NEW YORK TO SAVANNAH.Pier ; :: ilfh4i./;

35, North Rlver-5 P. M.
City,of Augusta ...... .... .......................... ... ........................Tuesday, Nov. 3 c
Kansas City............................. .................... ... ....... ......Tbursday.Nov. 5
Tallahassee .......... ..... .................... ............ ... .................Saturday, Nov. 7
City of Birmingham............................. .......... ......... .. Tuesday, Nov. 10
City of Augusta................... ... .......... .......................... ...Thursday, Nov. 12
Kansas City................. .................. ................. ........ ... Saturday, Nov. 14 I 04?
Tallahassee ............ .............................................. .... ........ Tuesday, Nov. 17 : j7q !
City of .Birmingham. ...... ....... .... .................. ...... ........... ..Thursday, Nov. 19 .
City of Augusta...... ... .................................................. .Saturday, Nov. 21 1rJ llo
Kansas City... .. .:.............. ..........uu............................ ....Tuesday,Nov. 24 qYik4
Tallahassee .... ...... ............ ........... .... .......................... ...Thursday, Nov. :50 aA
City of Birmingham..... ........ .......................... ............ ...Saturday, Nov. 28
G.M. SORRKLL, Manager New Pier No.35, North River.


.. .........r ......a...u............................................ Tuesday, Nov. .'3
Chattahoochee ....... ......... ... .. .......................... ..............n...... Friday, Nov. 6 Finest Cuisine and Service. 3'o Transfers Jletieeeti Jacksonville and New York.
Gate City ............................................ ... .... ......................Tuesday, Nov. 10 The Fleet is of the .
Nacoochee....................................................... .................Saturday,Nov. 14 composed following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Chattahoochee......................................... ................. ..... Wednesday, Nov. 18 '
Gate ........ ............ Saturday Nov. 21 "Comanehe" (new) "Algonquin> Iroquois "Cherokee "Seminole1
Nacoochee ............... ..... .... .................. .. ........................;Thursday Nov. 26 I.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents Lewis's Wharf. -


Fler 39, Delaware Avenue. Steamers are appointed to sail according tothe tide.

City of STEAMER Macon: (freight only) ......... From JACKSONVILLE FIA., (calling at Charleston),......... .......Sundays,Tuesdays and Thursday
City oC1\laconfreiltht only) .Tuesday Friday,,Nov.Nov. 20 Thom CHARLESTON, S. C.. .................. ..... ...... ......... Mondays,WedneSdays and Pridaya.o .'
City of Macon (freight only) Nov. 3 For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers .
M. C. HAMMOND Agent, 13 South Third street.


((90- Meridian) Time-as below. Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River,New York at 3 p.m., as follows: .lJ,

Tallahassee City of Birm'gh'm..Ths'day.......Tuesday,,Nov.Nov, 3 5., 4 5 oo 30 p.p.m.m. City Kansas of Augusta City..........Thursday Tuesday,, Nov.Nov. 17,, 3.30 p. m. For CHARLESTON S. C., ................................. ......... Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays" .,.
19 4 30 p.
City of Augusta.Saturday{ Nov. 7, 7.00 p.m. Tallahassee. ..Saturday Nov. 21, 5.30 p. m. For JACKSONVILLE FLA., (calling at Charleston) .. .......... ".Mondays.. Wednesdays and Fridays
Kansas City......Tuesday, Nov. 10, 8.00 p. m. City of Birm'gh'm. Tuesday, Nov.24, 9.00 a.m.
Tallahassee........Thursday, Nov. 12, n.oo a. m. City of Augusta ...Tursday, Nov, 26, 8 oo p. m, I
City of Birm'h'm.. Saturday, Nov. 14 i.'o p. m. Kansas City... ...Saturday, Nov.28, n.oo a.m. CHY&E'S ST. JottttS' 1IVEt Mffe


Central (90-( Meridian) Time-as below. DE BARY LINE. j

Gate City....... Wednesday, Nov. 4, 4.00 p. m. I Nacoochee.. .. ....Friday, Nov. 20, S.oo p. m. Jacksonville; Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Finland Intermediate
Nacoochee ....
Monday Nov. 8.00 m. Chattahoochee
9 p. Tuesday,Nov. ,
24 m.
Chattahoochee.... Thursday,Nov. 12, 11.00 a. m. \I Gate City............Friday, Nov. 27 800 7,00 p.p.m. Landings on the St. Johns llive,'. -'
... ......
Gate City. Monday, Nov 16, 3.ooP. tf.| The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer ,

' ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. CAPT. W A. SHAW, .. .I-:
City of Macon.... Thursday, Nov. 5, 5.20 p. m'l I I City of Macon..Wednesday, Nov.25 8.30. a. m Is appointed to sail as follows: I;;;:

City of Macon.. Sunday Nov. 15 i.oo a. | Leave Jacksonville.................................... Sundays, Tuesdays and Friday at J ""
G.T. Returning Leave Sanford........................Mondays Wednesdays and Saturdays at 3.30 p. m. .
W.IC. P. 00
ARNOLD WAITER HAWKINS Fla. P.A., W. J. FARRELL, Sol. Agt., 9 a. m.
Jacksonville, Florida. SOUTHBOUND
C.G.ANDERSON,AGENT Savannah Ga Read Down. SClIltDULE; Read BOUND.Up. ".."

; Leave 330 p. m. ........................ Jacksonville ............ ..., ...... Arrive
". 8.45 P m. ...................... .... Palatka.................... ..... Leave 3.30 a. m.
W. A. BODR3. ESTABLISHED 1875. 3.00 a. m. .--................... ... .Astor... ........................ "J 9.00 p.
J. B. BOURS. &I 4.30a m. _........_........ ......... St. Francis......................... '! 4.00 P. m1
...... ............ .. ........................... Beresford ..................... ..... 2.30 Pol:
Arrive 8.30 a. m. .............. ..... .... Sanford.........._.. ........._ ...... .....",. 1.30 p .,,_.
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. 9.2 a. m.. .................... .... Enterprise................... ...... If. 9.00 a.m
...... ..... .... .. ......................SO.Pla.R.R.Whart.... ............... ., "' ll.ooa.m.9.30 a. m.

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers, General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville i

A.J. COLE Gen.Passnger Agent Bowling Green New York. -
90> WEST BA..r ST. M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green, New York. :>'-..
J'ACK80NVILLB, 'LA. THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York. l. J
F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent,204 West Bay SLJacUon1'i11e.lI'1a.
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of JOHN L. H O WARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street.Jacksonville.Fl*.

Hay, Corn Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qen'l Agents,

IS Sooth Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowllnjr Green, New
Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark. ---- --


NITRATE SODA, _________ ___

Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH .
49 Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Fiejd and Garden Seed

GUARANTEED ANALYSIS SULPHATE POTASH 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oatsi75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 95 cents per
pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.

Orange Tree and Vegetable} KAINIT Etc.


Fertilizers have no superior in the market and i trial will convince ,

tend for Ctt&lene fret. GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA. ,

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GRADE POTASH, with perfect adaptability to the sJ
requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in
\ i strong, handsome Bags,which don't rot. -
0-The- ,upest brand for the qnality in the

I' --. ..,.. ,-,. market. Coium-seed' Meal, Tobacco,Stems, Agricul
tural Chemicals e
; Sulphur,eta I -


'** : BITThe old reliable EUREKA has never been y L k 1 '
,r*?; juperceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the p \\\R; '
fungus growth.
Pure -
Animal* j <
11 A certalndestrnEtiontotheAleprodesCitrlwhiteFlyandother( ; '
i-< 7PfC )
Hatter tmi i
I WlH < I ofScate.atallwriodspfthcirdevelopment. Fatal to the '
r" Spider, inserts afleding Pineapples and Vegetables. 4'';
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Rubber Hose,..Nozzles. Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at I // 4 '
Manufacturers' Prices.AGRICULTURAL "' 'coat
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E.BEANJacksonville Fla.
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Strawberry! Bed on a Barrel. The barrel is filled with soil to the are perfectly clean, all cultivationand the greater part of the plant food re

A Rw New Yorker correspondent level of the first row of holes, puttingin weeding are dispensed with, and quired for their growth.

" ;'' .thus Describes a method of straw rich: garden soil with a little well there is a great economy of space. If The soil will answer for four or five

berry growing.adapted to villages and rotted'manure, thoroughly mixed with the plants were spread out as in garden years.

small house tots; iThe i plants are next inserted culture, they would occupy nearlyone I The luxury of fresh picked berries
this .t'.t. vugh'the!: 'holes with the roots a lither square rod of land. The plants over the market article should inducea
The barrels for are' .
purpose *'; than the stems to allow for be put in either in the spring or
... may
made of !' wood and strongly very general.trial of this method by
vhng, The roots are well spread fall. If they are put in during Augustand village resident.
bound withhron. Linseed oil barrel* every
'and soil is on'and September, they will yield nearlya
apart, put
are preferred. +$The outside of the In the South the plants may be } se
packed over them. A little water is full crop the next year, and will con
barrel may be aid off in four-inch, five up to the time of heavy frosts So-
bear for
sprinkled on them and the process tinue to or years
squares. Commencing' about two continued until the barrel is filled, without renewal. Five bushels are Ruralist.
inches from the bottom inch holes III.It.
when it is covered: to prevent the escape the maximum yield, and three or four
are bored in the centers of the squares of moisture.In the average, depending on the varietyand A :Micanopy letter in the Gaines

horizontally aroundlhe barrel making management.A yule Sun reports about 700 acres in
27 holes in the..ro? four inches apart. watering the plants, care should cabbage around that place, the sameas
the is desir-
Five rows of holes.are bored around be taken not to keep them wet The good exposure to sun last and several hundred acres
the barrel, eighV inclies'apart in each better way is to make several holes able, although they do very well in in lettuce year around Rocky Point and
shade. It is advised that the
P alternate squart Jgie secpnd row of down,through the barrel with a stick, partial North Gainesville where last there
holes from* tie 'bottom\ is bored on and pour i in water or liquid manure foliage of the plants be occasionally only about thirty.
the needs of the sprinkled, and in the winter, a light
perpendicular lines, and so on, alternately according plants,
,.to the top of the barrel; in this giving them more during the time of I. covering of straw thrown over the bar At a meeting of the Orlando Boardof

way holes are bored for 135 plants. fruiting. The advantages of the bar- rel. Trade Mayor Gore stated. that a

... Ordinary bedded plants are used, of rel method of growing strawberriesare The water which is absorbed slicer and drier to work up the canai-

', *' any vanety-desired, mixing the per that no runners grow, and the through the roots, and the carbonic gre root is to be put in, followed by a

-' .. fect and imperfect varieties, as.in gar- whole strength'of the plant is directed acid ,in the atmosphere which is ab factory to reduce the root as soon as
den culture. "" towards growing fruit. The berries sorbed through the leaves, are, by far, the product will justify. ,

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