Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00088
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 18, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00088
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text




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: AND FRUITGROWEjZ\: ; *:, .

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't', .' JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA JULY 18, 1896. Whole No. 143- Vol.NEW VIII SERIES, No SQ '. -

8. Powers,Editor, -

PLANTING. Orange and other Citrus trees are extensively (and successfully)planted
NOW READY during the "rainy season"of summer.

t.we have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour

and Trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low); All our nursery stock having ORANGE TREES FOR SUMMER PLANTING. :-.r -

been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition. ,;z,.,
Following varieties guaranteed true to name: Satsuma orange trees,on Trifoliata st cks. Buds -)'ears,branched;stocks, -t.-

RUBY IILOOII, ST. MICHAEL, 4-years X to %Inches caliper. (Also. Satsumas on Sweet orange stock,same age
JAFFA, HART'S LATE, NAVEL, The foregoing are a fine lot(as fine as any we ever grew),and we arc offering
TANGERINE. and HOMOSASSSA.GRAPE FRUIT. them, for summer planting only,at very low prices. o., .

A limited number of the famous Pineapple orange at'1.00 each THIS IS THE ONE OPPORTUNITY OF THE YEAR. TO GETFIRSTCLASS .

and Tangerine at SATSUMAS CHEAP. ,
furnish Budwood of all the"above named varieties excepl Pineapple .
and time, No agents employed. ;; .
Order save
cents pu 100;$5.00 per 1000 f:
Write for prices,etc Address, .
Write for prices, stating number wanted.
Interlachen, Fla.



of! ,
limited supply
including a
offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of 95 and 96, : ,

Also Fruit, Tardiffs.Magnum"'Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet, Bessie. Tangerine and
common Orange,Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
stocks. Write for prices to Grocers and Commission Merchants '

W. XV. UA'WKIUJS'\ Georgetown As SOTCS. Fla
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DAVIDSON & CO., -. : '-
Grain Wines .
Coal, 'Hay, Liquors, r

Tobacco Etc.
') 1\ Cigars, ,

-3! HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS.S-! Jaoltsson.ville\ I3Mo icla. : '.

of all Kinds. ,,': ..
Pineapples Eerly Vegetables
Lemons ,
:t Oranges, 4
No. 20 West

I RYE.z 00 CABINET BOURBON.... .............. ,.16 00
'IIASTINGS't. ORANGE VALL EY.................. ...... a oo J.MARTIN RYE..L...300
SPRING VALLEy......... .......;......... 250BALTIMORE VIRGINIA GLADES...................:--4005 It t".
M CORN....................... a oo OLD BOURBON................... ..... 500' ,.
CORN... ...;....... KENTUCKY SOUR MA5H..i S bo:. '
- NORTH CLIFTON CLUB.............. ............300 OLD BAKER........ ................. ....500' r

JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 25C; two gallon, sac; three gallon, 750. Remit by post-office ?
money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order. .
of Groceries and Wine List,sent free on application. :;
A complete
mail, cents pounds
and make sure of it. PRICES: One pound.by 40 ; 4 '
Order your supply now cents pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds; .
'$150By express or freight not prepaid 25 per JOHN CLARK,
In aoo pound lots and above 20 cents per pound. mail,
Seed free from stems,leaves and trash. By postpaid
cents per pound; 4 pounds,95 cents By express -
ROUGH BEGGARWEED. or freight,not prepaid,in any quantity, 15 cents'I 15 PATTERNS '

_.,_ per pound. FREE STUMPING OUTFIT,
xe aaa haatUal,for e. y
kind of embroider,co.ee.tMn.l,floral,Grwtia tad motto delpa for iidie,.doilUt,
.y H. G. HASTINGS & CO. SEEDSMEN, tplatbtri,trmj cbtbt,tie. Ch,iaB alphabet for orum.oU!mark&r,_cake. 1 lueta
: Coapea.d: and lavlrvctlOBi(or lUmpIn ithnot paint powder,.r traabl ET ry>
all Mot nil to In"OII'.b.Mad. ..tat
tiling..and dntrabl|or r t*in rilue ai told at Rorer and
II INTERL.ACHEN, FL.A. 8 moDtbi lubicriptlon to oar new C4 eeL IllulraUd lucaiU.,contaiainf itorio! aid th* krltrbtMt boot
hold tad fancy-work d artmeAta. idirtt, VW1.LAa UOiTULT 19QK 4 ral KL, BOSWS S1Hdo
., 18Stnd for our Illustrated Catalogue.

L.. MARVIN. President. '
President.H. THOS. W. CONRAD Vice lorida :? Largest

T. .BAYA. Assistant Cashier. ,
Cashier. 'Lands -
..- CHPITflli $100.000.
; Most


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA_ 1 St t'tS Estab.lisLment.

solicits year Deposits,Collections and General '
eapcetfally 4nvestmentsDcvclopnicllts*" )
Banking Business.

% I South.

offered facility which their balances :

Depositors, business: every and responsibility warrant. J Attractions Geo. S. Hacker & Son,

SAFE, DEposTP5x/Ii| ? IIEPNT FROM $5.00 M y vif A9dre S. BUILDING Manufacturers MATERIAL of ,

I GENERAL PASSENCtR AGENT,, -, Purchase: our makes,which we guarantee "
.. -- t superior to any sOkl.'south,and thereby save '
DIRECTORS' Chas. Marvin TH TROPICAL TRUtU:UtlE! .. s. } ..., money 4t2TWIKOOW
John"L.;.Marvin, Church Davidson Anderson, Judge R.B.Archibald, JACKSONVILLE rii5t3A. AID FAiCY CUSS A SPECIALTY.t1 .- $
W. M. i i ;
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T. Baya /
H. Dr. H. Robinson.! ., .. :,




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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER (Florida Dispatch) was established twenty-seven years ago for the purpose of
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_:f,: '. '. promoting Florida horticulture and agriculture along modern, scientific and practical lines. *:
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".Y. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER is edited and conducted exclusively by actual and experienced tillers of the soil,
who live on the farm and practice what they preach.

r/';:, THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER has on its working staff some of the most distinguished agronomic authorities of

,J' the State-two professors of the State Experiment Station and the agricultural agent of one of the chief lines of railway who is an experienced tobacco


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER has a trained corps of regular and occasional correspondents, chiefly .representing

..; the brightest body of producers in the world, the Florida orange-growers.

.r'.:':"? THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER stands as the champion of conservative American soil-culture, opposed to the

--: r credit and crop-lien systems; opposed to the single-crop idea for the average farmer. It advocates the production of home supplies to the greatest extent

compatible with that prime object of all good farming-the creation of a solid bank account.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, while not an "organ" for anyone except its readers and its owners, is the steadfast -

upholder of the Florida Fruit Exchange, the most cohesive and enduring organization of producers ever established in the United States.

,." .
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER devotes itself to the horticulture and agriculture of Florida, which has unique

needs and requirements, and for which Northern farm teachings are generally inapplicable and misleading. Jkf
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER is emphatically the business farmer's paper. No other agricultural paper in the

:- ..- : State reaches so many farmers who conduct their business on successful plans; who make money by it, and have money to pay for what they want.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, for these reasons, is the best advertising medium in which to reach the successful
,: rural classes of the State. Our "cheap column" is watched by more country people than any other medium.

; IT PAYS TO SUBSCRIBE to the Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower.. Every attentive reader will gain by some one hint in. the course of
a year. many times the cost of subscription.
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IT PAYS TO ADVERTISE in the Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower. No man who desires to do business with the successful soil tillers
,<" .. .of, Florida can afford to neglect the use of its columns. _; :': .
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16.1'" Sample copies sent on application. "\

to }


;. Vorida! arrnBr an VrUits r 1 rOWBf f


: : : : FLORIDA.. .

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tissue copies of billing from the E. C. result. The former who went right to Grove $ Orchard.Tree .
Pinery. Line bringing the fruit into Jack work, many of them, and piled fertil--
j-*....-yjrxjT rnrxjr->_rxJrxj urxjrn -,",",- -" sonville. izer upon apparently dead fields,
Edited by J. B. Beach West PalmBeach.Fla. Sixth, a postal card is sent back to worked and tended them with the Planting Time.
each grower, notifying him of the receipt same assiduity as if nothing had hap- Epitor Fanner and Fruit-G rower:
SHIPPING FLORIDA PINES-IL of his shipment in Jacksonville, pened, will realize nearly enough from Nowduring our rainy season when
crates, half-crates; forwarded to so andso this year's crop to make good the loss the earth is often so reeking with
Methods In Detail-Checks and crates and half crates. of last year. The latter, who feared moisture that most farm work is im-
Balances.A Seventh, a shipping advice is for- the worst, and did nothing, have real- possible, is the time to plant out shade
second visit to the pineapple warded to each agent in the North, ized their worst forebodings, just as and ornamental trees.A .
headquarters in Jacksonville, July 9, giving date, stencil number, crates, they saw them and now find upon noticeable feature of the home in
showed a slight falling off in the ship- half crates, for account of so and so; I their hands ruined plantations, ruined Florida is the absence of evergreen
ments as there were only four cars to varieties, crates and half-crates of each, by their own policy. In this case shade trees. During the summer our
be loaded that day. But the General sizes to crate and half-crate, total things have worked out just as they I bountiful climate covers up this defect -
Agent, :Mr. E. P. Porcher, thinks the crates and halves, total pines, route should do theoretically, and each has by furnishing a lavish profusion of
shipments will continue all throughthe and number of car. There is a slip had his own prediction verified, so green foliage, usually from trees
month in sufficient volume to for each lot, if only one crate in the each should be satisfied. Unfortunately planted along the fences by the birds,
justify the maintenance of the Jacksonville lot; but these slips are printed on thin! it is not always thus the case that but during the winter and early spring
agency. paper and all the slips for a carload the optimist is right, but we, who be- when these deciduous trees have lost
PLAN OF SHIPMENT. will go in a common envelope for two long to this class, are doubly delightedthat their leaves the aspect is too often
The details of the shipping advices, cents' postage. it has turned out so in the case in bare, desolate and forbidding.There .
way-bills, checks and balances are the Eighth, a pile of pasteboard cardsis question. Last year I predicted, I is no excuse for this in Florida,
most complete and elaborate we ever kept, trip cards probably they think in these columns, that the real our forests are full of a large variety of
saw. First, every member of the As- would be called, showing the exact practical loss to the pine growers need beautiful trees. The time for transplanting -
sociation or other grower shipping number of days and hours occupiedby not be more than one crop, and as them is usually when there is
through it (over two hundred in all) each car in making the run from the results have proven, it has been little else to do. Their growth is remarkably -
is furnished with shipping advices in Jacksonville to its destination. These even less than this. This is due largelyto rapid here and an excursionto
triplicate. On one side of each is a cards are sent in by the railroads. the increased net returns, which the woods in which the ladies can
bill lading to be given by the Florida Ninth, there are hundreds of telegrams -! are largely attributable to another join and help materially in selecting
East Coast Railroad; on the other mostly in cypher, received from principle which I have always harped varieties and specimens, makes the labor -
side is shipping advice which speci the Northern agents. Among all these upon-organized combination. Thisis rather a pleasure than otherwise.
fies every possible particular, the telegrams only one announces the ar the first season that the bulk of the ,First on the list of beautiful ever-
varieties of pineapples, crates and rival of a car in bad order; that was crop has been concentrated and con- greens, suitable for shade trees, is the
half crates of each variety, size of ap- in Pittsburg, owing to a delay of the trolled by one organization, and we Magnolia Grandiflora. Its abundancein
ples to the whole crate, total crates, car en route. The Jacksonville tele- can now see the substantial pecuniary our forests makes us lose sight of
total pines, date, place, name of ship- graphers say that even the orange results. In past years the Florida its claim of Leing our most beautifultree.
per, etc. One of these is to be crop did not cause so much telegraph. Fruit Exchange tried to control mar A single specimen growing in
given to the purser or conductor, another ing as the pineapples have done. kets and prices for our benefit, but re an open space, and not crowded by
: to be forwarded to the Jackson- '" TIME MADE BY CARS. ceived such poor support, after the other trees, and especially in the spring
ville agent, the third to be retainedby In a great majority of cases the smoothest promises, that it was unableto when it is covered with hundreds of
the shipper. All these advices are time made by these cars of pineap- do us any good. This year the As- snowy blossoms, often twelve inchesin
kept by the Jacksonville agent, each ples has been excellent, The poor- sociation has received nearly all its diameter, is a sight well worthy all
in by itself promised support, and has been able I trouble of and for
day's receipts a package est time ever made to Chicago was 4 the planting caring
labeled so that he can refer to it in. days 20 hours ; best, 3 days 12 hours; to manipulate the market so as to pro it. Second in our estimation, and for
stantly. Columbus, Ohio, 3 days 20 hours; duce very satisfactory results. The many reasons probably more useful
'7 Second, the Jacksonville office un- Peoria, 3 days 20 hours, etc. Pitts- Exchange might have done as well, after all is the live oak. Where not.
loads all these shipments, checks off burg and Buffalo are the hardest had it been given as good a chance. crowded, they often send out horizontal -
each package, notes the shortage, points to reach on good time; they require but I consider that the present systemas branches a distance of fifty or six-
overcharges or robbed packages (if four or five days.It i perfected under the management of ty feet on all sides, the ends of the ,
any), writes across the face of the advice was thought advisable by Mr. Mr. Porcher, presents features which limbs often touching the ground and
the number of the shipper's stencil Porcher not to quote the markets or render it superior to the old methodsof forming a sylvan tent, which is a
notes on the margin the advance' give out too much information as to the Exchange. I hope at the closeof thing of beauty in winter and a grate-
charges on each package, foots these the forwarding of cars, as it was found I the season to be able to publish a ful shade in summer.
up and enters the total on the ad- that this information was used in I statistical report, which will show On the list of evergreens are the
forwarding outside fruit to the same clearly what these improved methods pines, in great variety and all beautiful -
vice.Third, the fruit is routed accordingto market in which the Association fruit have gained, and'saved us. The system the red-cedar, bay and holly.
the latest telegraphic advices of was being placed. combines all the advantages of While of deciduous trees the list is almost .
markets. A blank is left on each TRANSPORTATION CHARGES. the Exchange, of forwarding from endless. Among those most
shipping advice where the grower can While the service is Jacksonville to the most advantage, in easily transplanted and most suitablefor
if he wishes, indicate his preference- transportatton accordance with the latest telegraphic shade trees or lawn planting, are
Jacksonville, Boston, Chicago, what excellent the unreasonable.growers complain Thus that the reports from the markets, with the fur- the ash, tulip-poplar, maple and catal-
not-and at first a number of growers charges are ther advantage of selling through the pa. Our woods also abound in grace-
availed themselves of this privilege ; charge, in carload lots, on a full old, long established channels of private ful shrubs, palms and ferns, most of
but latterly they confide almost entirely crate, 160 pounds, from Jacksonvilleto sale through the well-established which are well worth a place in our
in Mr. Porcher's judgment, as the Chicago is $1.19, from Jacksonvilleto dealers, instead of striving to force the gardens. Among these are the wild
advices which we examined showedfor Omaha, $1.66, to Boston, $1.45, ; trade into a new channel by auction olive, prickly-ash, fringe-tree and nee
themselves. which is nearly three cents a pine. It eering. Then the management of Mr. dIe palm, and there is this great advantage
Fourth, the fruit is reloaded and amounts to about $275.00 a carload. Porcher has proven unexceptionablygood in planting indigenous trees-
bills of lading, made out with minute in the distribution of the crop, they are those that have survived the
detail to correspond with the shipping The Outlook. and his judgment very happy, while vicissitudes of our climate, and can
advices, are received from the railroad:. The bulk of the Florida pineapplecrop his record as a business man assuresus therefore be depended on to stand our
selected to convey the pines north.' has now been marketed, and the that he will fulfill his promise of spring frosts and droughts, our summer .
On these bills of lading are enteredthe results so far ascertained have exceededthe following up to a settlement all claimsof rains and our autumn gales.It .
advance charges, in detail and to brightest hopes of the optimistswho loss from overcharges, errors, etc., is frequently urged that trees take ;
tal, and the charges to be incurred last year, after the freezes, en- by which he can save us considerableloss so long to grow to any considerablesize
from Jacksonville to the point of des couraged each other. Those who had which was in the past quite an that only in youth can we plant a
_ tination; also varieties, sizes, marks, the most faith have reaped the richest' item in the long run. Then, too, rates I tree and hope to enjoy its shade. This
stencils, etc. reward, and many who gave up discouraged have been reduced to a fairer basis, selfish reason may hold further north
Fifth, all these bills of lading are and practically abandoned and I think that the new plan of pack- but cannot be urged in Florida. A
',* filed in the shipping book, together their fields, "till they saw what the ing in half-sized crates has tended to man at the age of forty can plant a
with the check-sheets, just as they outcome would be," have had their get our fruit to market in better con- tree here and sit under its spreading
were made,roughly, in the depot, and misgivings pretty nearly realized as a .dition. J. B. B. branches at sixty, and besides there b

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a great pleasure in watching the some five miles from from Green Cove and for the ninety per cent man to of soils poor in humus and worn by
growth from year to year and in prun- Springs and who informed me he hada I spin around on his ear about it, but cropping, the amount may be reducedto
ing its redundant development into a tree resembling peach, but which just the same I hope the spur of necessity 100 pounds per acre. The aver-
symmetrical shape.To had not as yet perfected any fruit. It will grind out the new system.Of age of analyses of the mineral matterof
a lover of trees, each tree suc- was a two-year-old graft worked on a all the outrageous and ridiculous the humus from samples of productive -
cessfully transplanted, has an individu- native plum stock. From Mr.V.'s things in life it is this dividing of the prairie soils yielding 25 per cent
ality, if not a name and is associatedin description I at once decided it was poor with the rich. The worker gets of humates showed 7.50 per cent of
his mind with the time, place and an almond and so told him. Lateron ten cents and the non producer ninety. potash and 12.37 per cent of phos-
circumstances of its planting. when the tree was in bloom I Isn't it true? Let us climb a gum phoric acid. In these soils, which
I have a magnolia which blossomedthe visited the farm and examined the stump and look at it from the stand- were well supplied with humus, 1,500
first time this spring. I pulled it tree. It proved to be as I had said, point of a broken down producer.Look pounds of phosphoric acid per acre out
up, a crooked little sapling, not over an almond of the paper shell variety, at ye city man-the commissiondude. of a total of 8,750 was combined with
three feet high, in the winter of '89, having a large number of the small, Smell the fragrant Havana. humus, and 1,000 pounds of potashout
and a live oak that has now a trunk shriveled husks still on the tree. The See the fried shirt and the sparklingstud of a total of 12,250 pounds. Ac-
ten inches in diameter, with a height tree was a sight. One flower as close the rosy face, the double chin. cording to Hilgard, the amount of
and spread of branches of twenty feet, against the other as it was possible to I Behold his sumptuous quarters, the phosphoric acid usually found asso-
that I got from the road side, the same grow. Now why did not the fruit "brown stone front." We need not ciated with humus varies from o.i to
year.The I come to perfection ? For several watch him go to his meals, but note 0.5 of the total amount in the soil, in-
universal mistake, is to attemptto reasons. First, too much fruit set, that good fare often makes fat horse, dicating in many cases the amount of
plant trees that are too large. The and second, lack of fertility in the or man. Now, on the other hand, this element available to plants.

professional planter, with all the ap- soil, as the tree was allowed to shift look at the ten per cent man, the pro- VALUE OF HUMATES IN PLANT FOOD.
pliances and a carte blanche as to for itself. I advised Mr. W. to take ducer. I will not describe him just .
cost, can move any tree safely, but off all fruit set except a few dozen send for my picture! Or look at the The value of these various forms of
the amateur had better content him- specimens, allowing these to be evenly first poor idiot dupe that comes to humates as plants food has been the
self with smaller trees; even these distributed over the tree. Next, to town. Look at him-take his pictureto subject of extensive investigation and
should be cut back severely, before give the tree good cultivation and apply kill rats many of these experiments indicate
transplanting to insure the best results.I a liberal supply of fertilizer, whichhe WM. P. NEELD. that the humates, when acted upon
The universal impulse of the novice is did. Pinellas, Fla. by the proper microoganisms, are very

to plant a large tree and to preservethe On June 11th, Mr. Wilkinson met We entertain a high respect for the valuable forms of plant food.

entire top with every leaf intact, me in Green Cove Springs and presented true middle man, whom, like the poor, At the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment -
while the roots of course are in a moreor me with two full grown speci- we shall always have with us, so longas Station oats and rye have
less mutilated condition. This( of I mens of the nut enclosed within its he does not usurp functions that do been successfully grown when the only
course always leads to disappointment. natural covering. The nuts are of not belong to him and become also the forms of mineral food were humatesof
and failure. A better way, especiallywith I large size and show conclusively that end-man, the consumer (of our profits potash, lime, magnesia, iron and
trees that are difficult to move is the crop can be grown in Florida, ). The producer and the con- humic phosphate and sulphate. Hu-
to plant only the roots, cutting the and also that the native plum is a safe sumer, the two end-men, ought to be mate material obtained from rich
top off at the ground; especially is thisa and reliable stock to work it on. the giants of business, and the mid- prairie soil was mixed with pure sand,
good plan when moving forest trees, By thinning out the fruit in the dleman of importance only as he which contains practically no plant
whose bodies and branches are adaptedto spring, Mr. W. secured a fine growthof does the work for these two and food, and gypsum was added to pre-
the condition of their forest home, wood this year. Last year it madeno does it at a reasonable fee. He can vent the formation of sour humus. The
but entirely unsuited to the higher perceptible growth at all. If othersare never be abolished, but he ought to mixture was watered with leachingsfrom
winds, greater glare and drought of growing the almond in Florida I be regulated by law. a fertile field, so as to introducethe
the open ground.Do would like to hear from them throughthe .... organisms which usually carryon
the house columns of the FARMER the work of humus
not plant too near AND Humus in Relation te Soil Fertility- decomposition.Oats .
fifty feet is near enough, and plant FRUIT-GROWER, stating on what III. seeded in the soil thus pre-
more than will eventually be left. In stocks the tree does best for them, pared finally produced fertile seeds,
this way alone can you get as many as fertilizer used, and in fact any infor- the entire plants containing fifty times
you want, while a few strokes of an mation of interest they may have to Besides being a great reservoir of more potash than was in the seeds
axe will remove those that are not contribute on the subject.D. nitrogen, humus is an indirect means sown, and over sixty times more phosphoric
wanted, and the combined taste of the D. SWARTLEY. of supplying the plants with other fertilizing -, acid. The only source from
whole family can be exercised in Green Cove Springs, Fla. constituents. Humus as it which the plant could obtain these
occurs in the soil is combined with
choosing which shall be left and -*- substances was the humates added to
which must go. There are always The Middle Man Abolished. potash, lime, phosphoric acid, and the soil.
I Farmer and Fruit-Grower other compounds which are essentialas
those who take a sordid view of every Editor :
thing, and say they can't waste time There is a new idea and way of marketing plant food. The decaying animal In experiments in which the soil
in that does bear I suggested in a late issue of and vegetable matters form various leachings were omitted the oat plants
planting a tree, not
"something,to eat" or who ask, does it i:I your paper. Now let us see how it organic acids, which combine with made only feeble signs of growth
pay? Such people are not to be came about. Tfie commission man the potash, lime, iron, and alumina,as plainly showing that unless the potash,
blamed they should be pitied and : is pressed by the "gold standard" well as with other elements, and forma phosphoric acid, etc', combined with
that succeedin times and changed his commission series of compounds known as hu- the humus is set free by the action of
we answer, every tree we
growing-bears every year, and charge from ten per cent to ninetyper mates, of which but little is definitely micro-organisms the plant is unable to
month, and day-a bounteous crop of cent in order to keep up his rents known. use
pleasure and satisfaction. They be- and his style. This caused the pea By some, the potash, lime, and There are a number of facts in field
come our families and friends, and ple to damn the railroads as the com- other mineral constituents of the humus practice which also indicate that pInts
pay directly in enhancing the beauty mission man no doubt made the fig- are regarded as simply associatedwith are capable of feeding on humates. _
and comfort of our homes, and make ures appear so as to lay the low returns the humus and not organically The roots of plants, particularly thoseof
ing them attractive to our children, of the producers on the trans- combined with it, but there are a num- grains, will always be found clustering
and they also lead to a love of nature, portation man's shoulders. It seems ber of facts which indicate that the around any decaying vegetable -
an insight into whose beautiful then that the railroads got up and union is chemical and not simply me- matter that may happen to be presentin
. teries often leads to a knowledge mys-of! helped to keep the producer out of chanical. The mineral matter com- the soil. When wheat or oats follow -
nature's God. I! the hands of the middle man. So bined with the humus is characteristi-- a corn crop the roots of the grain
J. H. GIRARDEAU. now if a hotel, restaurant or private cally rich in phosphoric acid and pot- will be found in many cases to com.
Monticello, Fla. family up North, in some placeswantsa 'ash, two compounds which are of pletely encase any decaying pieces of
porker, a quarter of beef, a lot of great value agriculturally. The min cornstalks that are present. The coin-
potatoes, cabbage, chickens, eggs, apples eral matter combined with the humus stalks are not rich in plant food, but
Paper Shell Almonds. berries or what not, the railroad from different soil types, however, is they decay in the soil and combine
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: furnishes him the address of people not always of the same nature, and with the soil potash, phosphates, etc.,
On my arrival in Florida last October -I along their line who will supply the the amount of plant food thus com- forming humates which the grain feeds
I at once became interested in the truck on application by postal card. bined with humus has not been ex- upon.
nut-bearing trees and collected all the The producer delivers the stuff to the tensively investigated. In the case Large piles of sawdust many feet in
data in regard to the various nuts it railroad and the railroad does the rest. of rich prairie soils over 1,500 poundsof height and circumference are fre-
was possible for me to obtain. The producer thus gets his price and phosphoric acid and 1,000 poundsof quently left around sawmills, or the
During my researches I became acquainted -I I there is no shortage, no commission potash per acre to the depth of i sawdust is used for filling in low
with Mr. Wilkinson, who of ninety per cent. Well, it will be Foot have been found to be in com places. The sawdust is very slow in
lives on his farm on the S. W. R.R.I't I easy for fogies to object to the idea bination with the humus. In the case decomposing, but in time it is coveredX52

-. .- r


jj _







By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new


Ammonia 5: to 6 perlcent.
Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to 8 "
Actual Potash 4 to 5 "

Jtir This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates, Superphosphates and Potash. a

We keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD BLOOD and BONE, GROUND
BONE ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES which will be sold at Close Prices.

Correspondence] and Inquiries Solicited.



vegetation which must obtain J. H. Hale's Ten Commandments in sample'the tender bark of the young from which all the best melons had

most if not all of its mineral food in Peach Culture. apple trees. been marketed, and pile up the discarded -
and it is effec- I ones in heaps to rot out the
the form of humates. This is my remedy,
.. tive and cheap: Take newspapersand I seed. Small wonder this firm refuses
Root Pruning. I. High, dry, sandy or sandyloamsoil. cut them so the leaves will come any responsibility for its seeds and, '
brazenly selling them to the
apart. Fold the leaf once and wrap growerat
2. Careful selection of varieties around the trunk of the and tie his own risk, will not even vouch-
Prompted by a drawing seen in the in fruit bud. trees
most hardy safe a reply to his most courteous com-
Rural New Yorker and by an itemin Vigorous, healthy seedling stocks once at the top. Then bank up a
the Ruralist as to the advisabilityof 3. little earth around the bottom, which plaints.
budded from bearing trees of un-
Make wish of this let-
will hold the in and brace any use you
close root pruning of trees before doubted and birth. paper place
setting I tried an experiment on some the tree against wind storms, as wellas ter and my signature, and if you pub.
Trees given the entire possessionof
4. the meadow micewhichare lish any part of it give us an editorial
peach trees purporting to come from keep away
the land from the start. besIdes.. T. A. VINCENT.
the Glen St. :Mary nurseries. When Thorough culture from the be. as destructive as rabbits.D. M.
received the bark on roots was dead ginning 5. of spring till the new growthis I Woodfill, in Western Farm Journal.fatttneJJ& River View, Fla.
and could be slipped off with the fingers well along. This correspondent is on the right

: and I concluded the trees were 6. Liberal annual manuring, broadcast track. The seed business in the
worthless but thought to try the no- with commercial manures rich T t1tteket1 United States is conducted, by a ma-
root theory as the tops seemed to be in potash and phosphoric acid and ... jority of firms, in a reckless fashion;
alive; so I pruned the roots back closeto lacking in nitrogen. Spurious Seeds. !I and never, until our State and National -

the stock, cut off all the top, leav- 7. Low heading and close annual Editor armer and:Fruit-Grower: Governments: take up the matter
ing a stub about one foot long and set pruning for the first five years. and institute bureaus of seed control
careful fine dirt Let me call your attention to one is done in European countries especially -
out, being to put 8. Keep out most borers with some I as ,
about the stock and firm it well. It suitable wash, and dig out all others. thing and ask you to start a crusade Germany, will our growers
I watered it several against all seedsmen who will give no have adequate protection. Two
being very dry 9. Search for all traces of the yet any
times and to my surprise ten trees out lows every week of the growing season responsible guarantee of any kind with years in succession this correspondent,
of twelve lived, some of them having and at first sign pull up and burn their seeds.I whom we know to be a responsibleman
branches from one to two feet at this: infected tree. know too well the mistakes that was outrageously swindled by a
writing, although we have had no rainto amateurs, such as the majority of Philadelphia house, whose seeds did
Thin the fruit that there
speak of for three months. As I 10. so Florida truckers are, make in planting not produce one melon in ten of the
shall be what is termed full
have had a great deal of experience in never Horticulturist. a seeds, and thereby lose good seed variety advertised on the package.
setting trees for the last thirty years, crop.- .. through lack of care and knowledge. There should be stringent laws com-
I am much pleased with the result, as 4 Ita. Therefore I would be the last to ask pelling seedmen to print the date
I do not believe they would have Protection From Rabbits. any guarantee of vitality more than is when the seed was grown and the

grown if they had been set the usual usually given, namely, of thoroughtrial guaranteed percentage of purity on
In a recent issue W. M I. M. asks under proper conditions before every package offered for sale, under ;
way.Right now let me advise those who for a wash that will prevent rabbits leaving the seed house. heavy penalties. The date is espe-
contemplate setting peach or plum from barking fruit trees. Twenty five But I very strongly feel that all cially important in Florida, where the a
trees. Never leave a branch on them years of experience in orcharding has seedsmen should guarantee that all summer climate destroys the vitalityof
and in one year you will have larger taught me not to trust to any wash to seed that does come up shall be at least seed more rapidly than in drier
and healthier trees than you will if save my trees from injury by rabbits. 75 to 80 per cent true to name; and regions.
branches are left on or only cut back Have tried several kinds, but always that on the evidence of two responsible .*.**>
part way to the main stock. Thereare with this result: When the weather parties besides the grower, and the Beggarweed for Hay.
plenty of dormant buds on the turns cold and clear, then "br'er rab production of their own seed bill they i
stock of any tree that will! form a more bit" goes for the young trees, wash or shall be liable to pay a minimum forfeit Any time now will answer for sow-
uniform top than those already on. I no wash. of say $25 per acre in compensation ing begarweed, provided moisture is
heard a man say he had peaches on a The wire cloth mentioned in replyto for any palpable swindle or blun- sufficient to sprout the seed. If the
tree set out this spring. It is very W. M. M. is excellent foa the pur- der.Now farmer wishes to cut it for hay, proba- f
probable they will be all the peacheshe pose, but it is costly. And to dependon Mr. Editor, I shall feel much bly he had better wait a little longer R'
will ever get off of that tree.I corn left in the orchard to furnish indebted to you, and so will all our so as not to bring on the harvest until S'
am now plowing for sweet pota- the rabbits food so they will not eat farmers and truckers, I am confident, after the rainy season shall be over. It
toes and cow peas, but am not using the bark of trees will not do at all. I : if you will set the ball rolling in this does the best on old land, provided it
the plow advertised on last page of have been protecting the trees in a business.I has not been too much impoverished.If .
Ruralist, June number. Don't like young orchard today, December zoth, will here mention that I have it sown in moist weather, broadcast
the work it does. I use the Chata- where there is corn in shocks, and from most authentic sources that the sowing will answer; if in dry weather,
nooga Chilled Plow and like it very i just across the fence a corn field un- Philadelphia firm. I complained of have the seed may be sown in drills cow
well.-Southern Ruralist. husked, and the rabbits have begun to been known to buy melon patches ered carefully, and the soil packed ,

-- -

U '


---- -


.', .
,.; -


c .... -. .- -.
-:'.. '- ::_ .- .. -.' .- ::-----:: :: -'- : :;: : : :: -

A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted* toIAPLY


1- ; .
Ammonia, 4# to 53, per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent.
":-. Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, 11 to 13 per cent.

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed. Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.
We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash,. Etc.

Write Us for Prices before Buying.
VILSON & TOOMISR, Jacksonville,
Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton
Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices. THIS BMSRiTLfisciSR HOUSE OF* FLORIDA

slightly in order to insure germinationof have their refuse on the stems, and the place, I call pets. I am fond of makes the finest of shortening and is
the seed. If the sowing is intendedto almost literally breed while they are pets, (if I have time I pet my wife) the best fat to use in the operation of
produce a crop of hay, the seed eating. They are clannish and live and I believe in having the best as far frying. In several of the poorer
should be sown thick in order to make : together in swarms. They are not as I am able, it eosts no more to feed countries of Europe it is generallyused
the stalks grow small. If sown thin, : long in going through a big potato them. Some people think they can in the place of butter. It is a
they will grow so large that stock will patch. Unlike the old bugs, they save $25.00 in buying a horse, and in singular fact that the people in the
refuse the stalks and consume only the will not touch poison." Florida one month the cheap one runs away Scandinavian countries attach great
foliage, which will entail a serious loss. growers should be on the lookout for and ruins a $50 wagon; another kicks i importance to its medicinal value and
A sowing of fifteen to eighteen poundsof this new pest. the dash board off, and won't budgea administer it to invalids instead of
clean seed, or a bushel and a half step.Ve keep a good horse and "genuine Norwegian cod liver oil."
of rough seed, per acre will be about Curing Peanut Hay. he is one of the family; have a Jersey It is certainly more agreeable to the
right. Do not be in a hurry to sow Complaints come that farmers have heifer, a Jersey calf, Black Langshan taste.All
beggarweed until the ground is in the difficulty in curing peanut or groundpea hens, three beautiful cats, and they all who have examined our tables of
right condition of moisture, even if you hay without the leaves falling off. belong to the family and they are all exports for a series of years have
have to wait for the beginning of the Our observation in this line is limited. fond: of us, and why ? Because we noticed how many of our pork pro-
rainy season. The; seed will not ger- We saw a considerable crop of it har- are fond of them. I never allow my ducts go to Cuba and others of the
minate in the dust, and the Florida vested last season and but few of the pets to be struck. I tell my men no \Vest India Islands. Still many swineare
summer is so long that time can be had leaves dropped. It was a crop of matter how mad you get never strikean raised theie, chiefly on sugar cane,
for the harvesting and curing of the Spanish planted on light, sandy soil. animal, especially a young animal, sweet potatoes and fruit. The difficulties -
crop after the close of the rainy season Before the crop was fully matured the or scare the hen and chickens. I tell ; of keeping beef and mutton freshin
when we have some decent haymaking plants were dug up and left in the them one blow on a calf is enough, a hot country are too great to admit
weather. Where beggarweedis sun for four or five hours before stor he always expect that blow whenever of their general use, especially in
sown very thick, grown: with small ing away in barns. At the time of you come near him. They do not places remote from large towns.
stalks, and is cut as soon as the bloom- storing the leaves retained the green reason as we do, look in your eye and When preserved with salt they pro-
buds appear-not waiting for a bud to color and we thought that they would say, "Well, he is not feeling today as voke great thirst, which is very oppressive
open-and cured bright, without rain mould, as they were slightly damp. he was yesterday." in a hot climate. But as.pork
falling on it, it is worth 25 per cent. However they seemed to cure perfectly At one time I thought I would can be preserved with but little salt,
more, ton foton, than the average in the barn and the hay has been change my breed of hens and boughta if smoke and sugar are also used, it
timothy hay shipped down here from relished by the horses all! winter and quantity of pure White Plymouth 'is the most desirable kind of meat.
the North.-Florida Citizen.In spring. The nuts which hang to the Rock eggs. Result,those fowls from The European laborer prefers porkto
July and up into August the seed roots are good grain and when peanut the time they came out of the shell any other kind of meat, partly on
can be sown, if the ground is suffi- hay put up in this shape is fed but lit- were the scariest things I ever saw, account of its flavor and partly because
ciently wet, to secure a crop of fodder tle other grain is required. and when they were grown, would it can be cooked in its own fat.
and leave the soil in a better con- scatter like a covey of quail, when I This fat, after the meat is cooked,
dition for next season's crop.-South- threw them a handful of corn. Why he uses on his bread and potatoes,
ern Ruralist. Live Stock. was it so? The man I got the eggs instead of butter or oil. Bacon is the
_ of had a Collie dog and when he meat most eaten in the British islands
A New Potato Bug. Making Pets of Stock. wanted to catch a hen would tell the : and on the vessels that sail to and
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: dog to fetch her, see? He doesn't from its ports.
Potato growers in the vicinity of Who is this :Major Campbell ? He keep a dog now. No country can compare with the
Savannah report to the Morning News has a long head, and I would like to No, if I have pets, I want to be ableto United States in its advantages for
the discovery of a new potato bug, see him. The major is right when he pet them. These are little things, raising pork. Although, as before
which is described as follows : "The says the hen business is one thingand but what is life made up of, if not of stated, the pig will eat almost any
ravages of the* old fashioned potato farming another. In this age of prog "little things ?" "NUMBER NINE." thing, his favorite food is Indiancorn.
This is the corn country -
bugs, the round fellows with the black ress a man has got to hustle to be suc- i < greatest
A Good Word for the Pig. in the world and is accordingly the
cessful in kind of business.It .
and yellow stripes, are as nothing any one
compared with the destruction that is the age of specialties. If our There is no waste about the pig. best country for raising pork. In
trouble its skin is desirable. Its intestines what is known as the great com belt,
these new visitors are producing.The eyes us, we go to an eye man; Even
new bugs average over half an our ears, to an ear man, etc. This are used for sausage casings.The more farmers have become wealthyby
inch in length, and have bodies in spring we had a flock of forty-five brains are now sold, though theyare raising hogs than by any other
three parts. They are striped brown chickens; something ailed two or generally represented to be thoseof branch of husbandry. Farmers who
asked what do calves. The bristles have a com- are demanding a home market for
and black, and have wings though three ; we a man to ;
they appear to prefer to use their long he replied, every morning do so andso mercial value and the demand for their field products can always find
legs when disturbed rather than fly. or it will spread through the them is constantly increasing. A one in the pig. Pork comes nearer
A hundred or more of them will gather flock." We came home and killed all greater number of fine dishescan holding its old price than any articlenow
<. on one plant and make quick work the sick ones, that settled it. be prepared from pork than from produced on farms.-American
of it. They strip the plant of its leaves. All the living things I keep about the flesh of any other animal. Lard Agriculturist. ,

.. .. '-- ...-- .


1- "
i 4
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er stock in like numbers. Is there It has been done and can be done

Poultry.Edited not such a thing as hog cholera and again if the conditions are right in West Coast of Florida.
------------ other numerous diseases that annually both You
-------- ----------------------- -- cases. gave us a mighty
by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. sweep thousands of promising porkersinto good text in that $150.00 cow; reallywe -
.. .
_... 20,000 ACRES FRUIT LAND.
an untimely grave or possibly the could not help accepting the chal '\
Reply to Major Campbell I pork barrel for some unsuspectingmortal lenge. Now, if you can grow $35.00 -
We have read the :Major's letter and to eat? Surely you would not I worth of rice on an acre, why not The most picturesque part of Florida lies around

noted the admissions and contradic have us understand that raising horses, multiply the acres and expand the Tarpon Springs and Lake Butleron

tions. We are pleased to see by the cattle and hogs is all lovely and no possible profit ? Would it look any the line of the
Major's last that he did not mean all drawbacks." If such is the case whyis more reasonable than our figures ?
he said in his first "as we understoodit. it that almost every agricultural pa- The rice craze struck this section PLAINT: SYSTEM.

." Am sorry I hit the nail on the per we take up has from two to six last year and somebody must have got and only 26 miles northwest from the great city of
head when I said he was a failure at columns devoted to answering sub- nipped, as we don't hear anythingmore
chicken raising; would far rather have scriber's queries as to what they shall about rice. We notice the TAMPA.Special .
him a success and have his able pen do for their sick horse, cow or hog? former rice fields are planted to corn
offers to settlers on the best fruit and
enlisted in the Point numberone We have heard it said that in the The foolish I
cause. a man I year 1896. idea of agricultural lands at f 5 to $10 per acre.
in our favor.In can buy a horse or a cow cheaper than I growing even bushels of corn, when For maps and information apply to .
my former I said "that surely a he can raise one in the land of flowers. thirtyfive bushels of rice could have
farm without hens would be incom We know of some men that have been been raised on the same land, is suicidal LAKE BOILER VILLA LAND CO.,

plete." The Major denies it in toto. raising stock (for years that fail to now is'nt it, when we throw our
Still he keeps hens, his farm is com raise a majority of those born. It possible profit to the four winds and TARPON SPRINGS, FLA.
plete. Point number two. would take a goodly number of chicks raise nubbins?

We did not mean to be understoodto turning up their toes to make up in I am very sorry I have no Floridaor
advocate poultry on a wholesale value for the loss of one of those Stoke southern data to submit as evidenceas BRASS BAND

plan as a necessary part of every farm Pogis calves of yours, now wouldn'tit to the possible profits of poultry. Instruments Drams,Uniforms,Equip.mentaforBandsandfrnmCorpa.. Lowest .
but that every farmer should raise his ? We all expect to .lose some I am sorry to !say; the South is a sec- t prices ererquoted. Fine Catalor,*JO-
Illustrations,maffcfi/r; gives Band
-- -- Music A; Instruct'ns for Amateur Bands.
'or.idui tat.aid Wabash taut,CUeapm.

l i

Send (for Annual Descriptive
I ,r newly issued and revised.
a I It contains everything
needed by the Horticulturist
1 and plant-lover.
( L ; PLANTS and TREES for
} Orchard, Window, Lawn .
or Greenhouse. Largest
f r fi N collection to select from
in the South.
: :



1 Perfect seeds grow
..... 'paylngcroj*. ftrfeut seedsarenutgrownbychauex. '
i Noth-
,< Ing lever left to chance In!growing -
-_rN Ferr,'" ....dll. Dtoalt'r8llell!
-- .. them everywhere Write fur
1 l ,.,, FERRY'S

3. 1S90. Brimful of valuable,
--= .._ .
Information about( bent and new.set
smls. Free by itutll.
\ D. M. FERRY 4 CO.,
-T Detroit Mich.

/ i

t 1i The four sides are made separate
i and then nailed together. Use three
inch boards for the (frame and nail
own chickens and eggs and sell the chicks, it's natural that we should. tion of producers whereas with all the barrel staves to them quite close so
surplus if he has any and that he Weakly ones are bound to come out natural resources and raw material that only very small chicks can get
might rather have those that are bred of the eggs, and it is better that they such as no other section of this vast through. Leave two staves out of the

in line for a purpose, eggs or meat, or should turn up their toes as they nev- I country possesses we should be the center of one side for a doornailing an
the general purpose fowl, such as we er would make strong stock to breed foremost as manufacturers and consequently extra strip of board on the outside at
mentioned in that article or some oth-- from. "The survival of the fittest," as consumers. I actually be- top and bottom of staves so that the
ers as good, rather than keep the eye- should be the motto of all poultry men lieve the people are to blame for vote two loose staves will slip down and
sore, ring-tail speckled scarecrow that to breed to. Weakly stock begets ing straight as their fathers did fifty shut the coop. Nail the four sides
we see on some farms, that may per weakly stock in all fowls and animalsas years ago. Conditions have changedand together, set in it a small size barrel
haps lay fifty eggs per year and dress well as in mortals. policies should have changed. with a square hole sawed between the

three pounds when prepared for the My idea in writing the "hen vs. the Mr. Hunter and Farm Poultry I be- top and bottom hoops for a door to
table. If we are going to keep hens lieve to be reliable and conservativein the nest, and then nail staves across
not to
cow question again, was en-
let's have some we can admire and dorse the copy you were giving fits to, their writing and teaching so I will the top of the coop. Set the hen in
brag about; it encourages us to take but rather to call you down off from submit a few extracts from the June the nest, keep food and water in the
better care of them, and thus fence the rather high perch you sought to 7th issue as to profits. No theory coop and you will have no trouble
out diseases. There is always a cause roost on. We didn't to have with pencils and paper, but actual experience about her getting on the wrong nest
for sickness and nine times out often you looking over in propose our back yard in New England. or the other hens bothering her, and
it comes from neglect that could have and from when the chicks hatch they will know
guying us poultry men your Remainder Next Week.
been prevented. Of course there are high position, so I grabbed hold of where they belong and not have to be
causes that cannot be prevented like the first available brick and heaved it A Convenient Coop. driven around and watched to see

the heavy rains we are having at the at you in the shape of the possible that they dont get in the wrong place.

present time, which are very hard on profits in poultry. The aforesaid I have a new kind of chicken coop My coops are four feet wide by five

unfledged chicks. profits are just about as attainable as this year which I like better than any- long, and the height of a barrel. Cover

No, Major, you would not have to some of the possible profits of agriculture thing I have tried before, and think er the small barrel with a large tight
invest in a drug store to keep hens, in Florida we read about in ing some one else may like to try it I I barrel head to shed the rain.R..

any more than you would to raise oth- our weekly papers. will give directions for making. E. M.




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: ,State News. Our Rural Home.

'"'- -
The first leather was taken from the Oh, I Forgot. Talking
vats of the Gainesville tannery yester- The boy who is all the time forgetting -
day. It was of excellent quality and
will never become much of a mann
showed plainly ,that the company em- commercial life or anywhere else. Bicycles _
ploy who thoroughly
Any business man who has got into
stand their work. The leather was he- bad habit of forgetting will find
tanned with oak bark and permits ofa
his credit going down every time his
delicate high polish. The companyhas note matures. It is a law of the Medes
2,000 sides of leather now in the and Persians-a law which no man SEE THAT CURVE.
vats.-Gainesville Sun. living can break and expect good
We note with pleasure that the con- credit. If we forget we are doomed.
tract to plant fruit, shade and ornamental The switchman forgot, and what do
trees in every section-yard and we see-a score or two of dead bodies,
depot grounds of the Florida East and half a hundred more mangled. A
Coast.Railway; has been given to W. bride not long ago forgot the hour and
D. Griffing of the Pomona Nurseries, i kept a large wedding party waiting in IT'S QUALITY THAT AIDS THEM TO
MacClenny, Fla. From our experience the church an hour behind .ime. Sometime
with the trees had from Mr. ago we went to a mission where TALK FOR THEMSELVESIT'S
Griffing we are sure that he will give five ministers were expected. Onlytwo
full satisfaction to all parties concern- put in an appearance-something THE SCIENCE SHOWN THAT

_ ed.-Pabor Lake Pineapple. discreditably wrong here. Teachers ,
Cashier Bond of the Volusia County ought as much as possible to be with AIDS THE QUALITY.1bs.Ieitirigi9.
Bank says that the balances have surprised out fault in this and all other matters.A .
him since the freeze. He has young spendthrift borrowed five i
always had the greatest confidence in dollars. He forgot when it was tobe I
the recuperative power of the country, returned. The lender didn't. Can
and was never among those who were he borrow a second time in that quarter -
willing for a single moment to throw ? Not much. The way to borrow h9
up the sponge and say we were done easily is to pay back punctually. Thatis 'l : : : l s,
for. He felt certain that the country a secret. Take it. A cook forgotto
would pull through, and in good shapetoo. wind the kitchen clock; dinner was
He says, however that the con- an hour late. The train wouldn't
dition of our people is very much bet wait; two gentlemen had to start off
ter than even he estimated, as shown to the convention without their dinner.It .
by their balances, and he thinks that : is said the best speeches are made "3OS days ol'1end of thom: all."
the worst is overand that we will after dinner, and if so these hungrymen
have plain sailing from now on.-De- weren't at their best. A great Art Catalogue I cents in Stamps.
Land Supplement. many people when they go to church
Mr. Sommerville estimates that the forget to take money with them for
groves on the West Coast, from Tar- causes which uplift the race. That's KEATING WHEEL HOLYOKE, MASS.
pon Springs to Pinellas, will producethis the worst forgetting of all. A student -
year 25,000 boxes of oranges and forgot to study up and so
grape fruit, and the fruit is now at missed his diploma. He is in for -

from $2 to $2.50 per box on the trees. another year of time and expense. keeps her's fastened, for she has a plest and most common-sense of pre-
The groves in the immediate vicinity This forgetting is costly" at every Basket fitted out with hammer, scissors cautions are exercised. The surest
of Dunedin will produce not less than turn.U I forgot. What a con- old kid gloves and doubleheadedtacks. electric conductor is a draught, andif
boxes and those which fession of weakness. What an insight While she is for the
4,000 ; groves waiting when a thunder storm approaches,
have received proper attention will into the incapable fellow. You "kettle to boil," or for Harry to come, it is seen that all windows and doors
next year pr duce.largercrops than borrowed a book or an umbrella and she grasps the basket and these,odd liable to occasion a draught are kept
they did the year previous to the forgot to return either. You are a five minutes' work here and there closed, the danger is at once reducedto
freeze. This will the low fellow. -In order to cure a fellow the vines where .
crop pay grove keeps they belong.It a minimum. If a woman is
owners more than the big crop of creature of his carelessness and in- is knack that will not wait for "that i "caught"' out in a thunder storm the
1894. For instance, Mr. Sommer- gratitude we once went through a man" to make plenty of window boxes i safest shelter is a house; the most dan-
ville's that was 800 boxes. dripping rain to get back a loaned but smooth boards
crop year buys measures gerous a tree,particularly an oak tree.
This year he will have 200 and will umbrella. We cured him; he never and saws, and gets the boxes to fit ....*
sell them for more than the previous borrowed of us again.-New York here and there, and makes them Soon we shall have ripe grapes, a

C'fOp.-Tampa Times. Witness. beautiful by selecting the right plantsto food that gives strength and vivacityto
Probably nowhere in the State are grow in them. Never crowds but the well, and restores the debilitatedto
the citizens of any one section more Knack. confies herself to one kind of plant for health. A lady with diseased lungs
satisfied with the returns from their Knack may be an old fashioned every box, and she never forgets to told me she kept herself comparatively
winter's labor than at Terra Ceia. We word, but it is a good one for the I water them; for that these hanging comfortable for years and lived nearlyto
doubt if there is a place in the State amateur in her back yard. The gardens will never forgive.Green's the allotted span by eating grapesin
that nature has done more to make it woman without it crowds her plants, Fruit Grower. the season. She kept them by her
an ideal gardening place than this and her garden looks like a ragbag. ---.- bedside, and when sleeplessor nervous,
same island. The protection from One woman's roses hang their heads The Fear of Thunder. a few eaten would quiet and bring on
frost is about as complete as any pointin with shame, for every leaf is riddled "Electric storms are far less dangerous sweet sleep. Another ardent grape
the State. The orange groves were with insect bites. She says some one than the majority of people imagine disciple is now ninety-four, is in good
not hurt by the big freeze and today told her to wash them with whale oil' ," writes Edward W. Bok in health, and declares she could not
the trees that have been cared for are soap suds, and she didn't have it. Ladies' Home Journal. "That a live without them, and can easily eat
yielding fair crops of fruit. It would Her neighbor's roses are crowned severe lightning storm is terrifying ad- two pounds a day. In her extreme
seem that every orange tree in that with beautiful leaves, shiny and green. mits of no question, and will some- old age she fell and broke her arm.
section would receive the very best of She was told to use whale oil soap, times bring uneasiness to the heart of It is unusual to have broken bones
attention especially as every box of but instead of waiting for days to getit the strongest man. But the real dan knit together when so advanced in
oranges means from $2 to $5 on the she tried good Queen Anne soap ger is slight. The chance of light life, but her system was in such good
trees, but they seem to be given sec suds, keeping the leaves after every ning striking a house, for example, condition, through eating grapes, she
ond-place on account of the vegeta- application washed with water and is not one in a million. Particularlyis saps, that she can use her arm, and
ble business., The land on the islandis succeeded. My neighbor's vines hang this true in cities, strung as most suffers no lameness. If you have
above the average, and good crops down in a forlorn way because she of them are with electric wires. The even the smallest piece of ground
have been made without fertilizer, but is "too busy to attend to them," but greater danger from electric storms is plant fruit of some kind, and if you
all the best growers use fertilizer lib- the little woman next door, with in the country, and even there the have a large space plant more and
erally.-Florida Agriculturist. twins, and doing her own work, danger may be lessened if the sim- more.-Green's Fruit: Grower.

'\- ;-





7 7Z
amined for endowment life insuranceand eggs fifteen minutes, then throw into .
A Postmaster's Wife.
was accepted unhesitatingly after a cold water and shell them. Boil sev-
careful examination the .
you wonder by that I'm physician."Do shouting eral red beets, slice them, and put

A LEEDS WOMAN WHO ASTONISHED Pink Pills' all through our village? I them in the jar with the eggs. Heat

liEU FRIENDS AND NEIGII ORS. haven't taken any of the remedy for enough vinegar to cover the eggs, add

some months for it has completely built salt, pepper and all kinds of spices,

Near to Death but Restored so Completely me up, but at the first sign of trouble I and over the Keep them
That She Has Been Accepted bya know to what refuge to flee. pour eggs.

Life Insurance Company "Last year my aunt, Mrs. M. A. Blos- tightly covered.An tIN

as a Good Risk. som, of Dixfield, P. 0., was here visitingme. excellent cure for hoarsenes is

[From the Journal, Lewiston, Me.] She was suffering from lack of vitality to roast a lemon until it is soft all

A bright little woman, rosy and fresh and heart trouble, but she was through; do not allow it to burst.
skeptical about remedy that I
from her household duties, dropped intoa enthusiastically my advocating. At was last so While still hot cut a piece from the
chair before the writer and talked with ,
however, she tried it and carried. some end and fill the lemon with as much
enthusiasm in her black Shortest Quickest Most AttractiveROUTE
shining snapping home with her when she went. A little granulated sugar as it will hold. Then ,

eyes.The while I received a letter from her
ago eat while hot.
in the of
people pretty village
and it said, 'I am cured, thanks to God
Leeds Centre, Me., have watched with and Pink Pills.' She also wrote that her A narrow, hard bed is said to be BETWEEN

interest the restoration to complete healthof husband had been prostrated but had the best preventive of bad figures. If FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
Mrs\ W. L. Francis wife of the post-
master. So general were, the commentson been restored by the remedy. one can also forego pillows, so much THS

this interesting case that the writer "We feel up this way that such a sov- the better. Women with round shoulders Florida Central and Peninsular
cannot be too known.
visited ;Mrs. Francis and learned erign cure widely and double chins have
.. a means
That is the onlv reason whv I allow mv NEW THROUGH ROUTES.
nom ncr that tne statements -- "
regarding provided for their if they
cure are
name to be used in this connection. I
New York to Jacksonville by
her troubles and her subsequent extrica-
know also that by personally recom- heroic enough to give up the downy New Florida Pennsylvania II. R. to Wash-
tion therefrom are entirely true. All of
mending them I have helped of couch in which revel. When and Ington Southern Railway to
her neighbors know what has been the they Northern Columbia, Florida Central &;
agency that has performed this cure, but my friends back to health, for I never one thinks of it, the place and positionin Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
let when word of in Florida.
an opportunity pass a points
that others be benefited by her experience which third of
may direct one spends a every
counsel may some one. 1 Cincinnati to Harriman June-
Mrs.\ Francis has consented to One of the to whom Mrs. twenty-four hours must have an effect Cincinnati, tion by Queen & Crescent,
allow her story to appear in print. persons Harriman Junction to Asbe-
"If there is anything on earth I dread Francis recommended Pink Pills is station upon the figure. Asheville & I ville and Columbia by South
C. II. Foster of Leeds Center Railway and Florida
agent, ern
more than another4" she said, "it is to and the reporter found him patrollingthe Very few mothers take sufficient Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Columbia -
name in the But in this to Jacksonville.
my papers. platform awaiting the arrival of the pains to provide handkerchiefs for J
case I conquer my repugnance and give their children. child would Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
train. Mr. Foster who is Many a
publicly the same credit to the savior of morning one Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chatta
of the most trustworthy, capable aud en- make much more use of this article if and nooga. Southern R'y to Ever-
life as I would to the ono who had }
my Florida cUe, Florida Central & Peninsular
in the of the :Maine
dragged me from a death beneath the ergetic men employ it were better looking, but child or Limited. to all important Florida

waves. In fact, I have extolled my pre- Central railroad, appeared in unusually adult dislikes to use a bit of hemmedrag. points.
good health and spirits and we made in- Kansas City, Fort Scott &
server so enthusiastically and unreserv-
Handkerchiefs are so inexpensive Kansas City
quire as to the cause. Memphis R.R.to Kansas City
edly ; have sought out sufferers and recommended "Do you know," replied he, "I think that no one ought to be deprivedof andJackBo'ville }to Birmingham, Southern R'y'
the to friends
remedy so to Everette, Fla. Central &
and acquaintances that many already I've made a discovery, or at least Mrs.\ the pleasure of having a reasonable Thro' LineHolly Peninsular to all Fla. points.

Pill Francis has for me. I have been in poor and that of Louis to Jacksonville by
neighbors jocularly call me 'Pink supply, a presentable
health a long time with a heart trouble Short Line to Du Quoin,
Francis. But really, my recovery is variously complicated. We have been so Sp'gsKoute. 1St. Central to Holly Sp'gs,
that I consider wonderful. kind.Women .
something I City, Memphis &; Birmingham -
fully interested in Mrs. Francis' wonderful who wish their families to to Birmingham,Sou.
know that there are so many testimonialsof
that I at determined to J to Everette and F. C.& P.
medicine in the nowadays that recovery once be fed on the most nourishing and R'y ;

people do not pay papers as much heed as for- give the medicine recommended a thor- healthful food will do well to discour- Sioux sonville.City Ill.&; Chicago Cent. to to Holly Jack-
test. So about two months I
merly, but I do wish folks who are suffering ago, age the eating of potatoes in the morn- Holly t8p'ge}Sp'ge, K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
bought the first box of Dr. Williams'Pink .ou Sou. R'y to Ever-
would remember that what I
from the heart of a say Pills. Only two months, please ing, and to provide in their place a ette ana( the F. C. & P.
comes right woman note I much well and cooked cerealwithcream Louis'ille & Nash'ille to Rive
yet already am so improvedso thoroughly ;
who feels that she bad new lease of
a I New Orleans Junction. F. C. &; P. only
much better able to fulfil duties
my rich milk. Boiled rice
or or
happy life given to her. To }route with through sleepersJackso'vllle
so sanguine that I am on the road to recovery between New Orleans and
"Eleven years ago I was afflicted with hominy may profitably be exchangedfor
that I feel like a new man. Jacksonville.The .
nervous prostration. My existence until "I can now walk without the fatigue I potatoes at dinner at least three or F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in

two years ago was one of dragging mis- once experienced, my heart affection ap- four times a week, as it is a most ad- Florida running through the
in the will tell
Any village
ery.of condition.one My blood seemed you ex- |>eaas to be relieved, and I have joinedthe mirable food with meat, and easily Tobacco Stock Jtegtont Farming, and Dairy Section,

my Pink Pill Band in our community.Mr. Peach and Strawberry,..,.,
and month digested.The
hausted from veins after
my Foster commenced taking the pillsat Orange, Banana and Pineapple Co\tntry,
month I grew weaker. I was able to undertake Phosphate BeU.
only the lightest household a time when he was completely pros- not the Sliver Spring and
trated,after he had suffered such asevere constantly increasing demandfor Other Fine Scenery.The .
work and then I could
even only per- of heart trouble that it known the Great Hunting Country.
attack was neces- grapefruit, formerly as
form it slow and careful movements. Reaches the Noted Fishing Ground
. During alt these sorry months and yearsI sary to carry him home from his office. shaddock, has led to the planting of Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety
Since then he has faithfully adhered to of soils in the State and above all
was under the care of this doctor and extensive orchards of it Manatee
that but their medicines helped me only the remedy and is constantly improving, Runs over the Central Rldgeland
his enthusiasmand county. Where It Is High and Healthy.
so much so as to excite
and then I fell into
spasmodically, relapses his gratitude.Dr. Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
more prostrating than ever. the best freight facilities for any produce to
the I used to awakened Williams' Pink Pills contain, in a markets.
"In night by Deafness Cannot be Cured the Northern
the most excruciating pains in my heart condensed form, all the elements neces- Send also for the best map! Florida (sent
life and richness the free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAcDONBLLG.P.A.
to give new to
and side, and was obliged to use pellets sary by local applications, as they cannot ,
and shattered
of powerful medicine that the doctor blood restore nerves. reach the diseased portion of the ear. Jacksonville,Fla.
They are an unfailing specific for such -
give me for relief in such attacks. At
diseases as locomotor ataxia, partial There is only one way to cure Deaf-
last my condition became so grave; that I par- The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
St. Vitus' dance sciatica neural- and that is constitutional
went out only infrequently. We live up alysis, ness, by rem-

stairs, you notice over our store, and gia, rheumatism, nervous headache, the : edies. Deafness is caused by an in- Offers to Shippers

in descending the stairway I frequentlywas after effect of la grippe, palpitation of the flamed condition of the mucous liningof The Shortest and Quickest Route

obliged to sort of fall and slide over heart, pale and sallow complexions, all the Eustachian tube. When this BETWEEN
forms of weakness either in male or female -
the in order to descend such
the steps stiain on my system resulting, from was Pink Pills are sold by all dealers, tube gets inflamed you have a rum- FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

even the slightest exertion. OccasionallyI or will be sent on receipt of price, ((50 bling sound or imperfect hearing, and THE EAST AND WEST.

visited the neighbors, but I was obligedto cents a box, or six boxes for $2.50-they when it is entirely closed deafness is With Improved Ventilated Cars this com-

sit and rest to recoverbreath while as- ore never sold in bulk or by the 100)) by the result and unless the inflammation pany is better equipped than ever ever to
and Vegetable and
addressing Dr. Williams' Medicine ComSchenectady handle the Orange Crops,
cending any elevation. In short, it did N. Y. can be taken out and this tube restored insure close connections and prompt despatchto
not seem that I could live, such was my pany, all Eastern and Western Markets.
complete physical prostration. to its normal condition, hearingwill Through oars to destination without

One day I saw an advertisement of Dr. Hints to Housekeepers. be destroyed forever; and nine change or delay.

Williams' Pink Pills for Pale. Peopleand cases out of ten are caused by catarrh, Perishable freight followed by wire and

although my faith in remedies was weak An excellent paste for refining the which is nothing but an inflamed con- tion shippers advised and arrival time at passing destination.various Junc-

by that time, I sent for a box and tried complexion is composed of three dition of the mucous surfaces. All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -

them. That was two years ago. Now I ounces of ground barley, one ounce We will One Hundred Dollarsfor adjusted.
call myself a well woman. Isn't it won- See that your goods are markedvia
of honey and the white of an
derful? egg. any case of Deafness (caused by F. C. & P. R. R.

"I haven't had one of those excruciating This is to be spread at night on the catarrh) that cannot be cured by For information call on or address the undersigned -

pains in the heart for a year and a cheeks, nose and forehead, and wash- Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu- C. Eo TAYLOR: Trav.A'gt Ocala,PIa.

half. Why, even the first box of pills ed off in the morning with tepid lars free.F. W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A'g'i Orlando Fla
G. M.HOLDEN,Trav. AVtLeesburgvFUW.
helped I walk miles
now cano
me. can ; water.
R. FULLER Trav. AVt,Tampa, Ela.
my work easily; have gained in weight be refilled J. CHENEY & Co.., Toledo 0. Or N.S. PENNINGTON,Traffic Manager,
constantly, and you would scarcely believe Empty pickle jars can Jacksonville,Fla.

it, but a little while ago I was ex with pickled eggs. Boil one dozen .lEi-' Sold by Druggists, 7SC. W, H. PLEASANT General freight Aft




Chicago convention. A springy youth on account of the stagnant water be murdered by somebodymurderedthrough
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower who vaults to the platform two stepsat : neath them, were every whit as forbid ignorance and neglect, even

A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main a time to make a speech with a ding to the first settlers as are these though the one who perpetrated the
Street, Jacksonville.Fla. thrilling peroration as to the American wide stretches of piney flatwoods and deed may have been tenderly attach.ed .
people being invested by the executioner prairies of Florida. We quote from to it.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION with "a crown of thorns" and the article: It is strange how little most people

For One Year ...............................fa.oo then crucified "on a cross of gold," To quote from recent government think about the happenings that go on
Por Six Months....................... ..... i.oo of the earth.
in tile under the surface At
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 will hardly make a "good hired man"to report, experience drainage ear
UTSubecriptions in all cases cash in ( use his own bit of phrasing) to do ly showed that the tiles produced other the table they may exhibit the utmost
advance. No discount allowed on one's solid days' works for this stiff-necked beneficial effects than those result- squeamishness, shocked if a little red

own subscription(except in a club), but to and perverse generation. ing** from the drainage*-: of the land. It ant crawls across the plate, disgusted
all agents a liberal cash commission will "Protection" is selfishness; a too. was found that tiled land resisted if there is a speck in the butter; yet
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby high tariff is prohibitory and positively drought better than untiled, and it these same people will deliberately go
them. Write for terms.
destructive of revenue-the people was constantly noted that along the on, year after year, permitting deadly
To every new subscriber we will send, and make blun lines of the tiles there was a freshnessof poison to leach into the well or the
postpaid, a of Whitner's "Garden- even Congress may
ing in Florida.copy" For two new sub- ders in this direction. But Americansare growth that indicated the presenceof cistern along with the water which
scribers, at $2.00 each we will send, in the habit of paying their debts, more moisture than the adjacent enters it; and the result is "a mysterious
postpaid", a copy of :Moore's "Orange and they will hardly provide for this ground enjoyed. Tile drainage grad- dispensation of Providence" in
Culture. purpose by coining hundreds of mil. ually found its way into areas whereno that family-generally attacking the
Rates of advertising on application. lions more of a dollar already semi- real necessity for drainage existed, most innocent and helpless member
Remittances should be made by check, fiat, so that it will finally not con- and always with advantage to the i of it-and the family is thrown into
postal note money order or registered tain enough actual value to swear by. crops, until now the function of the mourning.Florida.
letter to order of
tiles is by no means exclusively to sand is a natural filter, one
drain the land, but to secure this ben- of the finest in the world, but even
Jacksonville, Fla.
__ --T _T ---. eficial influence, the nature of which Florida sand cannot strain out filth in
CONTENTS. I is not fully understood. definitely. The filter will get filled
Charles F. A. Bielby, There are several minor contribu up after awhile and then some of the
PINERY-Shipping Florida Pines II ; The It is with of which this result filth is bound to At
Ou'look! .......:................. .......... 451 a sense personal grief ting causes produce pass through.
Time and loss that we record the death of but the real explanation is to be foundin the back door of every farmer's kitchen -
GROVE AND ORCHARD Tree Planting 451 .
Paper Shell Almonds; The Middle Man this eloquent divine and scholar, a the circulation of the air throughthe there ought to be a barrel on
Abolished ; Humus in Relation to Soil man of a noble presence, who was tile and the aeration of the soil in wheels as a receptacle for the household
Fertility III. ...... .................. 452 "one of God Almighty's gentlemen. its vicinity. Given a tile drain of waste, which can be wheeled

Root Pruning Peach Culture; Halt's Ten Protection Commandmentsin from Rabbits He was an enthusiastic orange grower known length, size and gradient, and many rods away and emptied whereit

...... .....;.... .. ...... ........... 453 and his brilliant essay on the subjectsome established data in regard to the spe- cannot possibly leach through into
FARMER AND TI.UCItERSpurious Seeds ; years ago was the most comprehensive cific gravity of air, the deposition of the well; or else a sink or large funnel

Beggar weed for Hay... ................. 453 and broadly intelligent pro moisture with a fall of temperature, : leading into an earthenware drain-tile
A New Potato Bug; Curing Pea-nut Hay.... 454 duction ever written in that field in and the difference between surface laid underground and reaching to
LIVE STOCK-Making Pets of Stock; A Good Florida. His since Florida's and convenient ditch where the
Word for the Pig......................... 454 courage subsurface temperature,it becomesa some
POULTRY-Reply to Major Campbell; A Con- dark days came upon her a year ago simple matter to determine the wash of the rainfall will flush it out at

venient Coop .. ...................-...... 455 last winter never faltered.Mr. amount of moisture which would be frequent intervals. And this funnel
OUR RURAL HOME-Oh, I Forgot; Knack; : Bielby was 48 years of age. He deposited in such a tile under assumed should be out doors, because it will
The Fear of Thunder; Grapes for the conditions of and humid- emit which is a deadly poi
Nerves ...................... .............. 456 came to DeLand in the early 8o's, temperature sewer-gas,
Hints Housekeepers........................ 457 built a home and set out an orange ity. At times it is undoubtedly large, son, and it should be in a situation
EDITORIAL Melodrama in Two Acts; grove, in the cultivation of which and instances are recorded where an where the outer air can waft it away.
Charles F. A. Bielby; Aerial Irrigation; fruit he was unusually successful. He examination of the tiles found them The master of the house should give
Sanitation on the Farm; The Demonetiz was called to the pastorate of St. Bar dripping with water. stringent orders that no wash-water or
ation of Iron ... ..... ....... .......... 458 Church which The of tile drainage whichis slops of kind should be thrownon
Markets ............................... ...... 459 nabas Episcopal he system any
Weather and Crops ; Letter from Major has filled for many years. He repre now being so extensively adopted is the ground anywhere within reachof

Campbell ..... ...... ..................... 460 sented the county in the State Senate, thus seen to subserve two distinct, the house.
Insects in Stored Grain... ......... .. ...... 462 at the time of his death was Vice. contrary and important purposes- Wooden buckets or tight boxes
Miscellaneous Farm Items; Things to Re. President of the Florida Fruit Ex that of removing promptly the surplus lined with fine dry earth or ashes
member About Sleeping.... .............. 464 change, and of the State Horticultural water of spring and that of irrigatingthe should be placed under the closet and
Society and a director of the Florida soil during the season of drought.It emptied at frequent intervals. A bar-
Why do not some of our Indian Agricultural College. He was one of is not improbable that this methodof rel of. dry earth as a disinfectant
River tell whether those
exchanges us the best known and highly esteemedmen subirrigation by means of circulating should be kept near at hand for this
ostrich hatched or not ? We
eggs in the State of Florida. currents of air may furnish a sat purpose.
have the greatest curiosity to know, isfactory solution of the problem in-
and have diligently scanned their columns -. -- --- The Demonetizat i of Iron.
-J volved in recent experiments for the
for - -- -- --
weeks, but they tell us prin- artificial production of rain. Alexander P. Hull of Atlanta, is a
cipally about the bathing at Coronado It may be stated that this secondary strong i6-lo-i man. He does not be
Beach and the mild decay of intellectin Aerial Irrigation.A lieve in
function of tile drains is now so fully halfway measures. The free-
the silver controversy, about whichwe recent article in the Scientific recognized that tracts have been recently coinage-of-silver is too tame for him.
do not care a continental shilling. American contains an article on this underlain for tiles for irrigation He is willing to see the silverites and

Each year we have a crop of items subject by H. M. Chittenden, C. E., I purposes alone, and that the results of go them 100 points better. Here are
about patches of Niagara grapes U. S. A., which is of interest to soil these special experiments have fully his declaration, proposition and argue
which spring up and give brilliant financial tillers in Florida. There is an exten- justified expectations. ment :

results for two or three years sive region in Northwestern Ohio, : "Having been deeply impressed by
and then they disappear from our Northern Indiana and Southern Michigan Sanitation On the Farm. I the arguments of Judge Crisp, Bryan,

ken and we hear of them no more. which is largely of a prairie I The occurrence of an occasional Stewart, Jones and other silver leaders
About the only staying vineyards seem character, often without any apparent case of typhoid fever in the rural districts and especially grieved, shocked and
to be those at Orlando and :Moultrie. slope in any direction, where it was makes strong accusation against horrified by the 'awful crime of 1873,'
What is the matter? \Ve suspect that found necessary to lay subterranean somebody in that immediate vicinity.It as so luridly depicted daily in the
the fertilizing and cultivation are not drain-tile in vast quantities. Thereare is very certain that somebody has columns of the Atlanta Constitution

what they ought to be, for Florida millions of acres of flat woods and blundered. The well was not kept and other silver organs, I have

soil, while it can accomplish wonders prairies in Florida that will rank among cleaned out, or there was carelessnesson changed my views on the money question
with the assistance of man, can do her best agricultural soils when once the part of the housekeeper in and am ready to maintain the
very little unaided. they shall have been reclaimed from throwing the house slops for months propositions following in joint debateor

-1s the excess of water which falls on and years on the ground near by, or newspaper controversy."I .
A Melodrama In Two Acts. them in the rainy season; and to these the farmer allowed his stock to be accept the arguments of the ad.
The American people are tolerably soils the same remarks apply as to stabled not far off in a location such vocates of silver and agree with their
level headed in a horse trade, and i it this large and now well cultivated and that the liquid manure could finally remedy as far as it goes. However, it
will be a little singular to us if they populous region of the northwest.The percolate into the well and contamiate does not go far enough. Let us have
elect to the highest office such an elo- tamarack swamps and the prairiesof the water. That little innocent plenty of remedy-in fact, enough to
quent and didactic young man as the northwestern Ohio, where the child who died, after weeks of raging make debt and poverty things of the

one who captured the fancy of the. trees formed a mere pancake of roots fever and low delirium, was in reality past, relics of the dark ages. I am in






favor of the free and unlimited coin- flarkets. THE;

age of pig iron at a ratio of 16 to i

with gold by the United States alone, wwmw FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

independently of all nations, and can
prove by the best authority obtainablethat JACKSONVI

such a policy on the part of the FRUITS AND PRODUCE. .

United States will 'raise prices,' put Corrected by Marx Bros. The Oldest National Bank in the State.

plenty of money in circulation,' and These are average quotations. Extra choice
give the 'honest debtor a chance to lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor 1894.
the lots sell lower. DyconservatIve yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
pay his debts, thereby making ................ and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
Pears, Le Conte, bbl i.oo to i SO
whole country prosperous. Peaches,carrier........ ............ 1.25101.50 drafts buy all and sell of foreign the world.and domestic: exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing our ownstrength
........................ on parts
"Now in the first it be Grapes,crate, 1.35101.50Melons
place, may .... .. .. ................ ........ .8 to .to favors We shall invite at a all visit times or correspondence receive intelligent,looking and careful toward attention business relations, assuring you that your
urged by some'who do not understandthe Cauteloupes,bbL Scarce .. ....... 2.00102.50 .
value' thata Pines,crate .......................
subject of standards of Messina box............... 3.00 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. CO6LEY
free-coinage act (or iron would not English Peas, dried,bu.... .......... 1.50 President. Caqhler.
Peanuts best brand..... ............. .4" to .5
raise its value to a ratio of 16 to i Cabbage. Florida, bbl............. 1.50 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.EXCHANGE.
with To them I reply that 'the Potatoes Western, bbl...... ........ 1.40 .
gold. 5 barrel lots...............S 1.25 -
stamp of this government' and the Florida, not wanted. '........
the iron dol- Onions New Florida,crate..... ..... 1.00
tender of
'legal qualities' Egyptian, 2 bushel sack.... 1.75 FLORIDA FRUIT
lar would instantly make the bullion 2.50
Eggs....... __.........-. -- .10 .
value of pig iron the same as the mint
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
value. 'For who would part with an VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL f3X)(0))
of this metal for BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply hexes and paper on
ounce precious anything Corrected by Davis & Robinson. order. Write for price list and terms.
else than the mint value?' (Stew-
Yellow Yams bush........ .......... .40 -:OFFICERS :-
art, Jones and Bryan). Sweet Potatoes ...................... 35to 40 GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. C. F. A. BIELBY, Vice-Presideat.
be that Hubbard squash, bbl................. 1.50 ALBERT M.IVES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
"Again, it may urged our Lettuce, doz. ........ ................. .25 to .30 DlRECTORS-Geo. it. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
mint would be overcrowded with pig- Celery ""........ ..........- .30 to .40 Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.;Hy Crutcher, Orange Co.;Dr.D.O. Davies!,Nassau Co.;
Egg Plants bbl.,..................... 2.00 J. D. Mead Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer,
iron. I reply that the price of pig-iron Tomatoes crates. ...................... .SO to 1.00 Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; Holmes Erwin. Putnam Co.; M. 8.Moreman St.
having been raised from $7.50 a ton Sweet Pepper bu ..'................... i.oo Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, volusia Co.;J, C. Pelot Manatee Co.
Green Beans,crate......,......... .... 50 to .75 Address all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville. Fla Stencill,
to a ratio of 16 to i with gold the Turnips,bunch..... .......... fA..... .03 to.06 with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
world 'no would especially Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to .10
over, one Kershaws each.... ....... ......... 05 to .10
care to carry it to the mints, since the Parsley per doz.bunches ...... ...... .05 to .10

mint price could be obtained anywherein Green Pepper onions,hot.bushel,per doz.,....bunches....................... .15 to 1.50.25 Genuine Paper-Shell Pecans 50 cts a pound.

the market. (Atlanta Consti-- Sage well cured lb............._....... .25
open Hen........ --..............-...... ..30Roosten.
tution). Next it may be urged that ........-..-.........-...- .25
gold and silver would go out of circu- Half grown............................. .I5to .20 cow PEAS: :
Turkeys, per pound,gross.......__ .10 to .12 ,
lation. I reply, first, 'This is a mere Ducks.......................... ..........s 25 to .30
of the Geese ................................ .35 All varieties at lowest market prices.
assumption of the money New Beets per 100.............._ ..... .40 to .75
which they cannot verify.' Water Cress per doz. bunches.... .None.
power Cauliflower doz......................None.
(Atlanta Constitution.) Second, Leeks per doz bunches.............. .25 V''Bmb..4'18 D-.4b ID Ence TERNATIONAL Clean 201c:.a keeps
and silver do out of I Radishes per doz.................... .10 to .20 STOCK FOOD
'Suppose gold go Cucumbers,crate..... ............... 5oto.75 stock healthy and saves feed,5rc per box.
circulation, is there not plenty of pig. New Potatoes per barrel.......... 1.50102.50 L. CAMERON
Spinach bushel................None. Seedsman,
iron to take their place and give the Cabbage.per Florida .. ........... .os to .06
people plenty of ?' (Bryan.) Salsify per dozen bunches........... 2510 .30' Jao1Moz: T111e. P'lorlda..
money Plums per bushel.................... .60 to 1.00
And, third, 'such an assumption mixes Summer Squash crate..............- .5010.75
the ideas of circulating medium and Cantaloupes,bbl................... 2.00103.00 18.00; Red Spanish, per 100, 6.00 to 14.00. ; Bradley Rtdjltld. Eugene B. 1 dfttld.
I.imaBeansquart.......... ........ .10 Pears Florida and Georgia as to quality
standard of value; gold and silver Green Corn per doz... ......... .... .7 to .1o bbl., 1.50 to 4.00. ESTABLISHED 1871.

would still be potential money metals, _----. .. per REDFIELD & SON. I REDFIELD SON,

though not in Circulation, _and would New York Markets. bel
lend their help toward raising prices X rays are to be applied to practical : Commission MerchantsAND '
Domestic Fruits. agriculture. Dr. Graetz of Munich has
and causing general prosperity.
Pears-LeConte, Florida,fancy per bbl, given a picture of a one day old pig,
(Crisp.) 3.00 to 4.00; com. to fair 2.00 to 2.50; showing its bony structure. By continuo Fruit Auctioneers

"Then, again, it may be urged Near-by, cooking, 1.50 to 2.50. ing to make pictures of the pig,the actionof ,

against the pig-iron standard of value llums-Japanese, Florida, per carrier, food in its. growth will be shown. 141 Doek Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

that would not rise in propor- 1.50 to 2.00.GrapesMoore's. ;ta *
wages We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
S. C. lb
Early, per.25
tion to prices. The reply is, 'Wages The eastern agricultural press are down either at private sale(which has heretofore been
rise since case, 1.50 to 1.75; black kinds, Georgia, Governor Morton for appoint- our custom)or by the auction system (recently
to no heavy on
wonld be compelled inferior, 40 to 65c; N. C., common, 50 to added to our business)as you may desire. .
the Commissioner of Agriculture of
would be fool enough to work for Florida carrier ing
man 75c; Niagara, fancy, per N. Y., not for fitness for the office but to
one dollar a day who could make 3.00 to 3.50, inferior, per case, 75 to 1.25; a political debt at the instance of
pay SOWERS 00.
nails Ga. and Fla. common, 10-lb basket, ,
$1,000 per day picking up rusty per Tom Platt. The Rural New Yorker says
horseshoes and carrying themto 15 to 25c. Gov. Flower. PITTSBURGH, PA.
and old carloads all the previous appointee, by

the mint for coinage.' (Hull.) rail Watermelons-Straight 165.00 to 250.00; by steamer,, 125.00to by_ did little but draw his pay. It is well Fruits and Produce

200.00; Choice large, per 100, 22.00 to this political jobbery is getting an airing. Beoeive and sell In oar toad Iota and smaller
qoaatlUeg.all Product*of the Orchard.Qrd.nj;
One thousand five hundred and 25.00; small to medium, per 100,12.00 to I Dairy.Hennery and:Farm.

.eighty-one crates of peaches were sent 18.00.; Congress adjourned on the llth of Send for our little book.Suggestions to$BbJppm JI&rW
Ricos each June, having accomplished! little. It wasa Kefercnc. ,all
Helen station to Northern Pineapples-Florida,Porto Beporli Special BttodU.eta. free.
1 from Lake 20 to 40c; do Queen, per 100, 8.00 to 12.00; house divided against itself the Senate -; Inquiries and Correspondence Invited
markets during the season just closed. do Red Spanish, per 100, 5.00 to 11.00. opposing the House and the President -
l The net return was on an average of FiiENcn & Co. antagonistic to both. House and

$1.50 per crate. Most of the fruit Senate were united in passing over thPresident's

sent by J. P. 1\lace.-Orlando Pittsburg Market. veto an appropriation'of the WORK
$75,000,000 river and harbor bill, all par- ,
Pears, LeConte, bbl., 3.00 to 3.50; box, ties joining in paying their political debts.
for Fruits and
Star.Mr. T. Roberts of this city melons car 150.00 to j > In selling:and paying Vegetables -
J. 1.00 to 1.50; per > shipped to us is our motto. WE
shipped six hundred barrels of pears 200 00; choice large, per 100,20.00 to 25.00; Yellow fever and the vomit are not the > GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS

last year and has waited patiently green corn, bushel, 1.00 to 1.15; pineapples only ailments that make the young Spanish .> BUY FIRST OURSELVES.PLACE BECAUSE They are WE protectedby NEVER

months for returns and is now Florida, crate,3.00 to 4.00; i crate, soldiers in Cuba of little service infighting > our 40 years experience without default
twelve 2.00 to 2.50; Cuba, per 100, 3.00 to 5.00. I the They suffer from > ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing
the conscience 01! some patriots. I and financial stability which any bank or
trusting to SOMEES, Bno. &; Co.
violent attacks of what is known in med- > merchants having mercantile reports can
other commission merchant to send cal nomenclature as nostalgia, which be- > verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
him at least a small part of the re- Philadelphia Markets. ing interpreted, means homesickness. > METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
name for our quotations. Stendl and
turns of this year's crop to make up Grapes, Florida, Niagaras per carrier, The attacks render the victims about asuseless ]. your cards free. Letters promptly answered.

for his losses in 1895. The Tallahas- 1.00 to 2.50; Ga., S. C. and N. C., black, when it comes to opposing native

seean hopes he will succeed but per bas. 8 Ibs, 20c to 50c. Watermelons, Cuban soldiers as would be the loss of a FRENCH & CO.,
i C. 100 I I leg or arm. What with yellow fever and
Fla., Ga. and S. fancy large, per ,
honestly believes he would be equallyas 18.00 to 20.00; medium size,per 100,12.00 the vomit Weyler's cruelty and coward. 116 Warren St,, New York.

certain to regain his losses by play- to 15.00; small, 7.00 to 10.00. Pineapples I ice and this intense nostalgia and all ESTABLISHED 18ss.I .

ing the Mexican lottery.Tallahasseean. Florida Porto Rico, per 100, 20.00 to credit gone in Spain, the chances for ul-

40.00; Egyptian Queen, per 100, 10.00 to timate Spanish victory are not bright.


-. .. .
-- -



L .
WEATHER AND CROPS. ers local and heavy in some places.H. .- everyone busy putting out sweet po-

.. W. 0. Margary. tatoes. Corn crop very promising. More Potashin
and Rice looking well.-W. C. Steele.
For the Week Ending July: 13th. Frostproof-Very wet cloudy.
Citrus trees being set out also pine. Waukeenah-Too much rain from
No has taken in ;
change place
conditions the, apples.-Fred W. Porter. our standpoint,but everything as goodas the fertilizers appliedon
crop over state, save
could be expected. Cane and
over that section bordering along the Jupiter-Few pineapple slips have the farm
sweet potatoes are extra good.L.B. means
coast. Over tlie-latter'section serious been set out as yet. Planters joyfulover J. Roach.

change has been wrought to cotton, fairly good pineapple returns.J. .- and better yieldsof
corn,'fruits and melons by the severe W. Cronk. A. J. MITCHELL, larger

storm of the 7th inst., which reports Lake Butler-The rains are beginning Observer.
crops, permanent
say, ruined the fruit crop entirely, to injure crops, especially cotton.
prostrated corn and cotton, with a Shippers of pears report fairly good Letter from Major Campbell.Editor improvement of the
very unfavorable condition for staple returns from fruit sent to Philadelphiaand Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
products. The heavy rain attendingthe New York.-John A. King. "A melon grower in our county last soil andMore
storm washed fields badly. Prev- Lake City-Corn crop not so goodas week closed a sale of fifty cars of
ious to the present week the condi-- expected. Cotton has no bottom melons, delivered on track at Lees-

tions suffering most (torn the above crop; not more than half a crop expected. burg, at $50 per carload, the transaction Moneyin
storm were favored with splendid pros .-W. B. Knight. netting him the round sum of
pects, and the present affliction is peculiarly IcAlpin-I find crops in the south- $;' 500"
distressing. Great fields of ern part of the county poor and very You do not give credit for this, the farmer's pocket.All .
corn were leveled to the ground, grassy; and no chance to destroy it. though I suppose it is copied from a
while the fodder was whipped into Some very heavy rains during the I Leesburg paper.I about Potash-the results of its use
actual the best farms in
Ly experiment
shreds; large fields of pears in many week.-W. B. Black. wonder if people who publish the United States-is told in a little book
cases now only leaves are found. I McClenny-Unfavorable crop weather such things to the world consider the which we publish and will gladly mail freeto
Everything with much elevation above I during the past week. The cotton difference between net and gross. for any it. farmer in America who will write

the earth suffered, and on this account crop prospect is not so good as Was there no expense attached to GERMAN KALI WORKS,
" melons suffered the least. Had the this time last season; not fruiting well growing, gathering and hauling these 93 Nassau St., New York.
storm been followed by dry weather, and much of it late and weed small. melons to-the station ? Possibly not,

crop conditions would have been bet- Corn will be an average crop; ears for wonders never cease in Florida, Over-Profit Paying
ter, and sunshine would have been a generally small and shucky. Potatoes and it may be Lake county has pro-
great factor in restoring corn to its :and pindars doing well. Fruit ripen duced a new melon which grows Stop it
normal posture. Rains have been too ing very fast, and much of it being spontaneously, rolls itself to the station -

frequent and heavy for cotton, whichwas shipped. Fodder pulling will now bounces up and loads itself into Get our Great Catalogue and Buyers
previously grassy. Dry weather begin.-H. L. Reed. the car.I Guide. We'll send it for 15
and a week of sunshine would help Milton The crops that were over- do not doubt that the sale was cents in stamps to pay part postageor
crops, especially cotton. In many fine and promised an abundant yieldare made and the fifty cars loaded, but am expressage. The Book's free.
sections fodder pulling is active, or now lying flat on the ground, a I puzzled to know how they could have descriptions 700 Pages, 12000, everything illustrations that's, 40000 used
would be with fair weather. The total wreck and loss to the owners. netted $2,500.But in life;tells you what you ought to
showery conditions have been gener I Fruit trees suffered likewise, and manyof then Florida is a wonderful pay, whether you buy of us or not.
ally 'good for sweet potatoes and them are torn up by the roots and country, and things are done here that One profit from maker to user. Get it

cane. lying flat. Fruit crop a total loss. I could not possibly be done anywhere MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.*'
CORRESPONDENTS' REPORTS. This destruction by storm takes in the i else. I: Originators of the Mail Order Method
whole county. There was no loss of One must live in Florida a long time 111-116 Michigan\ Ave., Chicago
rains this week have
life except cattle killed by falling trees. sometimes before
done some good, but more is needed. learning exactly # ,.
-John Carlovitz. what there is here.
1.lany-potato plants have died, and
For thirteen I have lived and
Molino A
severe storm commenced years
peas have failed to come up.-C. H.
Jacques. on morning of the 7th, and slept under the shade of giant oaks
continued to get worse till about 2 p.m., and hickories, so covered with Spanishmoss 1
'Archer-The past three days of wind then blowing at the rate of that the sun hardly penetrated, ... ....:- ...;:-.. "'"'"' --
sunshine das Native greatly improved crop about sixty miles an hour. Three- when people who had pine land to sell Why Did They Do It?
prospects. peaches quite fourths of the on the ground. told me I would have no health if I
abundant but small. Wm. C. An. pear crop George H. Curtis farmer, lives VA miles from
Corn flat. Great destruction of pine built my home there, and would soon Adrian. Eight! years ago put up Page fence along the
druss. This he took ft down and
highway. spring replacedit
timber. Escambia river rising rapidly have to "get out" or die. with a Page of finer mesh to match his elegant
Bristol-The country was visited on and out of its banks. Bright pros Well, I haven't got out, and haven't dwelling. Three times he was offered half price for the
old fence by as many different farmers who had seenit
the 7th inst. with heavy wind and pects all gone. No accidents, for died, but continued to have such robust in service all that time.
rain, doing considerable damage to which, thank God.-W. H. Trimmer. health that I concluded there was no See picture in Hustler.
corn. Crops all doing well with the yers-Citrus trees are not drop malaria on the high lands of Florida, PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,AdrianMich.
exception of cotton; it yet remains ina ping fruit much. Guavas advancing and it wanted it would have to be
rotten and sickly onditionJ.; D. nicely. Potatoes being planted. hunted for.I seventh and fourteenth and twentyfirstday

McAlily. Plenty of water.-M. M. Gardner. wasn't quite exactly hunting for it, like the other.
Buda-Conditions not much changed; Orlando-Crop conditions continueto but nevertheless I found it. Well, I found out one could be
more' or less rain every day during improve. The copious rains insurea Very imprudently one drizzly afternoon sick in Florida as elsewhere, and now ,
month. Orange trees could not do good hay crop, and the potato yield last fall I rode away several I would like to find out how one can
better. A few days' sunshine is giv- promises to be unusually large. On miles from home in my shirt sleeves, sell fifty carloads of melons at fifty
ing people a chance to kill grass, andis July 1st 3.13 inches of rain fell. and when I returned it was after night- ;dollars per carload and net $2,500, for
the.life of melons and other crops. Grape harvesting has been interfered fall :and quite cool and damp. That when I do my chickens, razorbacks, i
-Proctor. with by the rains. Outlook encour- night I had a rigor which left me with and Jersey cattle will be for sale, for
DeFuniak Springs-The damage of aging.-J. M. Rice. what doctors in polite society would that will be just as good a thing as one
Tuesday's wind and rain storm to Pensacola-Tuesday's storm was call "dengue" fever, but we "crack-- will want, and I wont care to do any

crops, fruit, land and roads cannot be very destructive to trees, fences and ers" call it "breakbone" fever, and thing else.
estimated. The peach crop was en- crops generally. Pears are nearly aU very appropriately, for it means all CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, SR.
tirely destroyed; railroads broken so on the ground. Corn is leaned over, that and the name is very expressive.Now Campobello Plantation, Marion co.
that the small amount that could have and the fodder whipped into shreds. there are a great many things Our correspondent is doubtlessaware
been saved could not be shipped.J. .- The heavy accompanying rain washed people want, and like to have, when that "net" is in almost universal
7. Stubbs. roads and fields badly.-Thos. Me they come to Florida, but that is not use in Florida to denote the actualsum
Millan. one of them. If you never had it don't received by the grower at his own
Emerson-This has been a bad Plant City-The weeds and grass you hanker after it, for it will just depot. In popular usage growers do
week on both corn and cotton; corn is have taken possession of all crops, take your bones and double them up not "go behind the returns" by deducting -
scalding; cotton is not fruiting and has and we cannot do anything to reclaim and twist them and screw them up in labor, fertilizer, etc., from
about stopped growing. Peas, pota- them until the weather changes and I a vise and break them, that is, you their receipts to arrive at the "net".
toes, etc., are all'doing well. So much we get new forces to help charge will think so, but it is preferable to Of course there is a great difference
rain that it is hard work
to keep crops them. As we are between crops, we the fever and ague of the North and between this net and the ultimate net
c1e n.-\V. J. Clarke.EustisGoodgrowingweek.. will take it easy.-Wiley Stinson, West; a little quinine will knock i it of the grower's purse at the end of

Show- Switzerland-A great deal of rain. I crazy and there is no third and the season.4f3P. .


_,. _' ,_- n ,

1 -

.,: ,,.
; .--1896.. TBS noRmA PAEMEB AND FEtnT-QEOWEB. -,461'





,. Conducting the Business Formerly Known AsSTATIONERS7 \:.,
Wilsori, Warde & Co., .ij
Commercial and General Stationery.
Aim NEW BOOKS FOR SALE Otlice and Typewriter Supplies. ALL STAH&A3&OH WOt'Il"S
...AS THEY APPEAR... Printing, and )lIuul'I ooliJ. SAliE-'
Books,Periodicals and News.

f bp.


-- a E

:R S = f E P

f :I:i: 1.11f ?P 4 a 3

: may. Q'WLL" R
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?yVexlnh In II1I I iWY4W''I IV f
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I I"N- I c EN
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--- .

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1."...., -- r
,. "
'I r Price Reaon.at "Write use .,, .

CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Manager,

ldO;, :.
Jacksonville = .' Florida

.. ... .. --'





_. EVEJ4 TIJWE tiAS ITS SO1 &OAtS HOME GROWN --- can CIONS of dons BY MAIL.reached,New York us JACKSON in,fine wrote conditionfreshand &us PERKINS: "The tin,

bright as if just cut." Japanese Tree Im-

..: J. PATRICIAN CRACKAJACK II thandhlsslstere ladies favorite porting Company Kobe, Japan. 718.3

Pineapple Slips
More than all the rest. ready to fill orders by the zoth of July. One
"- ". Dollar per thousand. B. F. Arnold, Candler,
.<;'... ,-. U 1 L 1, and SuckersOf Florida. 7-H-3
... .'If" j
the Following Varieties FANCY. Stock and Eggs for Sale. State Agent
for Lee's Lice Killer ; circulars free. Local
Agents wanted. Albert Fries, St. Nicholas.
;i ROR{ SALE: 7-H-3

V ABBAKA, PORTO Rico EGYPTIAN Write for particulars Wm. A.
Crane, Alva,Lee County Fla. 7-11-3
QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER- any eat. Will keep chickens
healthy. Sample package by mail 35 cents.
NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. Wm. G. Tilghman Palatka Fla. 7-n-1o

Apply to S.\LI'-ParJOD Brown buds from
FOIl budded for us in 1876, by Capt. Car-
G. 0. MATTHAMS, ney guaranteed by him to be from the parent
Florida Pineapple Company tree. Said trees are quite full of fruit many of
them showing little damage from the freeze.
Or to Price five dollars per thousand, July 1St. Address .
Capt. F. H. Lytle
7-4-4 Stanton on Lake Weir, Fla.
l -= _.... "" -"" !'!: -h. '''' ..... '
1 -- -.. 'N".. + ""! ...g.w..i..I.: West Palm Beach, Fla
i .. ......... .- 'r- : .-. ..... .. :..t'" ..... #_.. ';:'' TilOR TilE TRUE CUNNINGHAM ORange -
_" _._ ..- '=.:...!--:.. ... .. ..;;;. 'w.hii.-n: ;;. -, .-'--....' .. -"' -- -- ----- J; send'5.00 per boob 75 cents per 100
; for"in union there is (boo at looo rate), to J. R. Cunningham, El Dorado -
t it is built on a gold basis and is one of the Everlasting kind ,Fla.
T strength," also beauty of design and perfection of markm nship.
There are a few other makes as good but None Better, they can't be made. WANTED; -100 to 200 Colonies Bees
I' upon shares, or will buy out
i{ Ride a Craeka j ac)c: II right upon one years time, if price is low. Ten

And pedal through life easy, it's the next thing to flying, so Join the Bird Gang. 52 years'ooo pounds.experience Correspondence in Florida. My solicited.last crop was A.

J. W. INGRAM Agent Jacksonville Fla. Brown, San Mateo, Putnam Co., Fla.
Capt. J. R. Wills informed us that 7-4.-3FOK -

his fine leaf tobacco crop is in a SAL}:. 25 ACRE LE CONTE
Grove, trees set twelve right on
.Insects in Stored Grain. bisulphide to the hundred bushels of flourishing condition and he expects a the railroad. Five acaes of it in years the ;corporate

corn should be used. The fumes of rich harvest of good silver dollars limits of Monticello, Fla. Box 524 Jacksonville,

One of our Texas subscribers asks the bisulphide are inflammable and no from its sale. He has about com- Fla.

how kill weevils in We ple.ted the erection of his curing house AND COMMON PINEAPPLE
to cow peas. light or lighted cigars should be FANCY. Forty acres to select from. Also
believe that we can best answer his brought near where the bisulphide has and will have no serious trouble about pineapple and lemon land on R. R. with beautiful

question by reproducing an article on been used. The fumes pass away preparing his tobacco for market. He river front. James Holmes, Jensen 5-3Q-3P1, Fla.

the subject from the pen of H. E. within twenty-four hours, after which has from experience gathered much CAYENNE PINEAPPLE

Weed of the Mississippi experiment there is no danger from this source. valuable knowledge about plantingand SMOOTH from large fruiting plants now
and growing at our Modelo Park pinery. Ready for
station. cultivating next expects -
Where can the bisulphide be ob- year delivery in July by the 100,1,000 or 10,000. Also
Owing to the large cotton and to be even more successful in fine Abbaka and Golden Queen suckers. Write for
. tained, and at what price? As a rule prices. Orlando Grape and Fruit Company U.
small corn acreage throughout the the local but few making a crop. Capt. Wills is an old S. Van Houten Treas., Orlando,Fla. 5-2-
South this season it is quite desirableto druggists keep a Kentucky tobacco grower, but this is

keep any surplus corn over until pounds and charge from twenty to his first experience in growing the fine BUDWOOD-JAFFA. HOMOSASSA CEN-
twenty-five cents per pound for it. It ,Mediterranean Sweet
next' At this season however leaf artide.-Leesburg Commercial. Old Maltese Wash-
year. Vini. Magnum Bonura Blood
be obtained from the manufacturer
weevils and unless can ington Navel Majorca Nonpareil, Maltese Oval,
are numerous
very however for twelve cents popnd Mr. J. P. Bryant is shipping peaches Ribbed DuRois.Orange Lake and Eureka, Genoa -
they are given attention will destroya per ,Lamb, and Sicily Lemons, at $5.00 per icoo,
in ten pound cans or ten cents per by the 150 crates daily.-Chipley or 75C per too. DuRoi Blood, Amos Blood,
large per cent of the corn at presentin in The local Banner. Pierce's Ruby. Parson Brown Dancy Tangerine,
pound fifty pounds cans. Mandarin and and
the cribs. Whenever corn becomes Royal, Improved Seedhngpome1osj
obtain it from the and Mammoth Shadl1ock.are i oo
druggists can | per
d low in the crib the weevils escape to The new railroad dock 1,500 feet ght. W. K. Trimble, Braidentown

the fields, where they begin their wholesale houses at prices which ena long rests on three tiers of piling Manatee County Fla. 5- .-IfNURSERY
ble them to sell it at the above price.
which will of tracks.
,work.on the new If however permit two
crop. TREES WILL HAVE 20,000
plenty of corn remains in the crib be- Where less than ten pounds is ob- I. Hard pine piling 45 feet in length, of the most popular varietiesfor
tained fifteen cents is aI delivery this fall and winter. Send in your
per will be used. will
fore the new crop is gathered, the They be painted orders now,and be sure to Jet what you want.
weevils continue feeding on the fair price. So that if the local drug- with carbolineum and enclosed in an Pric s and particulars on application. W. K.
crop it it is best it from Trimble, Braidentown Manatee County, Fla.
gist keeps to get I8 inch terra-cotta and filled in
i in the crib. It is thus very important pipe 5-9-R
him have him order it for If
or you. with cement thus founda-
that the corn remaining in the crib is making a Nunan Bessie, Cherokee, Colum-
treated for the weevils before a new the local druggist does not or will not tion for the dock that will last many GENUINE Michel's Early Stevens
keep it, or if his prices are too high, it Punta Gorda Herald. and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000, $. .oo.
crop is gathered. years. JULIUS SCHNADELBACH,Lock Box 4,Grand Bay
is best to the
perhaps get bisulphidedirect Ala.
There is but effective
one remedyfor
from the manufacturer. A fifty The evaporator at LeConte Farm
all kinds of stored grain and this T OUISIANA GRASS (PASPALUM)( FLAJJ -
has finished fine lot of
just drying
should be a best for lawns and
pound can kept on every tycaule) grass permanent
consists of the application of bi-sul- blackberries. Sweet corn is just in pastures. Sets, 'I.5o per i.ooo by express; 35
phide of carbon. China berries, jim- farm.What cents per hundred,postage paid. W.II. POWERS,
the right and work
stage was begunon Lawtey, Fla.STRAWIIERRI'.
is not used this will do
son weed and the like have no effect season it this week.-Chipley Banner.
r I equally. well for another But l'LANTS.--NOW IS
either in killing the weevils or keeping year. I have
good runners. 100-
them away. Salt has some effectif there are other uses for the bisulphideaside --.------ 000 Alabama Newmans and 5000 Clouds

enough is used,.but the best effects from the destruction of weevils.It CENTAWORD COLUMN. Florida.cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS,3 Lawtey-7-4IJORSALEforcash.timeortiade.orangegrovei,

i ive remedy is the application of the is equally useful for killing ants ina

carbon bisulphide. This is a volatile hill or for killing weevils in peas. RATES.-Twenty words name and address fruit and timber lands. E. RUWLBY, Keuka,,

liquid, the fumes of which are heavier Paint which has been allowed to dry one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. Noth- Fla. 3-11-16

than air and it is best applied by sim- up can be made useful and old paint ing taken for less than 25 cents. FOR SALE Two Leon county farms.480 acres
Advertisements for this column be 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
ply pouring it over the top of the! brushes can be made new by its use. paid. MUST pre tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,

grain. The fumes thus evaporate at Send no stamps larger than two cents. Fla. 8-24-tf

once and form a deadly atmosphere I Several hundred farmers gatheredin Initials and figures count as one word. CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
Parson Brown. Stark's Seedless
I within which animal life cannot live. the large three story building in Tafia, Tangerine, King Tardiff, Grape Fruit,,

It is thus effective in killing any rats Marti City recently fitted up by him JAPANESE SEEDLESS POMELO SEND villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
Jackson & Perkins such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St Michael,
Newark New
or mice which maybe in the corn as for the ginning and storing of cotton. York or to Japanese Tree Importing Company, .. Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L.
well as -well as killing the weevils. Speeches setting forth the importanceof Kobe Japan for photo,etc., of only one exist- Duncan, Manager Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries
Dunedin Fla. 8-17-tf
Ing. We wish to make arrangements for its sale
The amount to be applied will dependon cotton growing in this section were in the United States. dons sent safely by mail GROVE. 100 acres 10 years set
the tightness of the bin or crib containing made. A big feature of the occasionwas of any Japanese fruit trees. 7-18-2 IRRIGATED : in other fruit trees etc a
For sale at sattfAce. Address"1? "The Palms
a ,
the grain. One pound to a a barbecue. The preparations NOW IS THE TIME TO PLANT. CATLEY Lane Park.Lake County,Fla. 4 37-gm
hundred bushels will be effective in a being made by Giles & Company for plants two years old, 10 cents each.
Tea plants, two years old, 10 cents each. Cam. Brahms, Barred Plymouth Rock and
tight bin, but in the ordinary crib I handling the cotton\ of this section are phor trees two years old,50 cents each. New- LIGHT Turkey Egg for hatching,$t.oo per
with corn in the husk five pounds of extensive.Marion Free Press. nail and Wilson strawberry plants $i.oo per setting. Mrs. C.Gomperts, Lady Lake, Fla.
? thousand. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla. 7-18-3; I-IUJa



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..t G. M. SORREL, Manager. l Il

EoT The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as .
? CF
follows :


35, North Klver--5 P. :M.
Kansas ...Thursday July 2
l City of Augusta ......... Saturday,July 4 r
City of lUnnlngham. ...... ....... .......................... Tuesday,July 7 1 ,
' TallaliaiRee .. .........................Thursdayjuly 9
a Kansas City..................... Saturday, July n on
City of Augusta ... .... Tuesday, July 14
City of Birmingham ...... Thursday Juty 16
TallaliaRaee ..<. Saturday July iS -
Kansas Tuesday,July 21 1 1
City of Augusta Thursday July 23
City of IMriuingham ...... .. Saturday July 25
Tallahassee ,July 28
( Kansas ..........................Thursday,July 30
G.M.SORRRLL Manager New Pier No.35, North River.

Lewis's AVharf-3 P. M. finest Cuisine and Service. No Transfers JleliceenJatkaonrille and JVeiff York.
Chattahoochee ....... ,July 2
1 Gate Thursday, July 9Chattahoochee. The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
,July 16
Gate .July 23Chattahoochee "Comanehe" Cherokee "Scminole1
4 July 30 (new), "Algonquin, Iroquois, ,

1 RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents, lewis's Wharf. -


' Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. Steamers are appointed to sail according toUhe tide.

City STEAMER of Macon\ : (freight: only)....................Monday, July 6 From JACKSONVILLE,FLA.,(calling at Charleston), ........?......Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursday*
City of RIaron (freight only) ....... Wednesday,July 15 Erom CHARLESTON S. C.,.................. ..... ............ ......:Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays. .
City of Macon (freight only). .. ...................... ... ......................Saturday July 25 For hours of sailing see"Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and! Charleston daily: paper*
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13 South Third Stieet.


((90 Meridian) Time-ag below. are appointed to sail from Pier 29 East River New York at 3 p.m.,as follows:

i C'y of Birm'gh'm..Thursday. ,July 2, 9.00 p.m. City of Augusta.... Saturday,July 18,10.00 p.mT For CHARLESTON, S. C., ...........................................Mondays,Wednesdays and Fr days
Tallahassee....... Saturday]July 4, 10.00 p. m. City of Birm'gh'm.. Tuesday,July 21, 3 co P m. For JACKSONVILLE,FLA., (calling at Charleston).................Mondays. Wednesdays and Fr days
Kansas City .. Tuesday July 7, 3.00 p. m. Tallahassee........\Thursday July 28, 6.00 p.m.
City of Augusta. Thursday,July 9, 6.00p.m. Kansas City ....... Saturday,July 25. 7.oop.m.
City of Birm'gh'm.. Safday| ,July II, 6.00 p.m City of Augusta. .... Tuesday,July 28, 6 oo p.m,
Tallahassee... ... .. Tuesday,July 14, 8 oo p.m 1 City of Birm'gh'm.Thursday,July 30, S.oop.m. CLYDE'S ST. tJOfif'tS RIVER lklf'tE.
Kansas City... ... Thursday,]July 16, 9.00 p. m.


(90( Meridian) Time-as below.
.... ..... ....... Jacksonville: Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Finland Intermediate
+ Gate City. Friday July 3, 10 oo a m. I Chattahoochee Friday,July 24, 6.ooa.m.
t Chattahoochee ... ...Friday, July 10, 6.00 a. m. I Gate City.... .... ..,Friday,July 3110.00 a.m. Landings on the St. Johns lliver.The .
i Gate City. Friday, July 17 to.ooa. K. | Flegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer"EVERGLADE

(90( Meridian) Time-as below.
City of Macon....... Friday,July 10, 5 oo p.m'l I I City of Macon f..... Thursday, July 30, 9.30 a m. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville, Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5.00 p. m., and from .
City of Macon.. ... .Monday,July 20, 2 30 p. | Sanford on Mondays and Thursdays at 5.00 a. m.
, Jacksonville, Florida.C. SOUTHBOUND. NORTIIBOUN

Savannah, Gt. Pier 35, North River,New York.W. Leave m. .........................Jacksouville ............ .. ...... Arrive 3.30a.m.
.a 330 p. m. ............... .... Palatka................... ...... Leave 9.00 p.m.
II P m. ... .Astor... ........................ II 4.00p. m
II 3.00 a. St Francis........................ u 2.30P.m.
A. BODRS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURSe .. ...4-30.. .a m...........uu......... Beresford ................... ..... II i.3op.m. .
Arrive.u. 8.30 a. m. .............. ..... .... Sanfor4..........-. .........- ...... :: 9.00 a.in.as .
F a. m. .................... .... Enterprise.......... ...... 9.30 a.m,
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. .........9.25.. .... ......................So. Fla.R. R. Wharf.................... 11.00 a,m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay Sl, Jacksonville

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers A.J. COLE,Passenger Bowling Green, New York. '.: ..
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager s Bow tug Green New York. %(
O. EO Kit, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Grew New York.
F. M. IRONMONGEK, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla. -
00 WIC T BAY ST., J'A.CK80NVILLE, 'LA. JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,,Jacksonville: ,Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent,foot Began Street Jacksonville Fla.

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

18 South Delaware Arena,Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GR4DE .


lggert Allen PertlHxer CO. NITRATE SODA, M__ ___I ____ --

Star Brand Fertilizers ff MURIATE OF POTASH, 43"Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed

i.ooo bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats, 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne 25 cents per
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. JMk SULPHATE POTASH, pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.

Oranie FERTILIZER.These Tree and Vegetable. r KAINIT Etc P. F. WilSON, SEEDSMAN,

Fertilizers hart no superior la the market and *trial will convince:
Send for Catalogue tree.I GAINESVILLE FLORIDA.
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... a4q4" .. -.
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"!r, y of! o

,- WADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the '' l
a requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in _
\ strong, handsome Bags,which don't rot. --
'f:' rr The cheapest brand for> the quality in the ,
.-, market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul '
--z--: tural Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. I


t + tf;,JI, ", The old reliable EUREKA has never been n 'I; ( l
raperceded. It is death to the Rust Mite,Red Spider,and the
'r" fungus growth. p
Pure G
Fe 111 A certain destruction to the Aleyrodes Cttri(White Flyand) other ,
Matter r ze rs. families of Scale,at all periods of their derelopment. Fatal to the s
Spider, and other insects affecting Pineapples and Vegetables. 4, ,
... ;


Hose,:Nozzles, Microscopes etc. A great variety of the best male, at ,('
'''I n cII
Manufacturers' Prices. I \
... !
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p o riF.=. __....__- 4&

K{Jr$ BUCKET PWtfP !== %



= E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

Onions as food improve.the health, A good many poultrymen are feed- F. T. Ramsey, in Farm and Ranch Things to Remember About Sleep-
improve the complexion, and improve ing dried blood as a substitute for cut announces that the growing of prunes Ing.
the voice. A writer in the bone, both to laying hens and for and almonds in Texas is impracticable Sunlight is good for everything.The .
Country Gentleman terms their,fragrance broilers, with good results. and begs pardon of those to whomhe best number of persons to each
flagrant. But either can 9"bIt.J' About 15 per cent greater acreageof has sold the trees. bed is-one. Away with heavy hang-
endured with the above benefits. cotton is planted in the South this Texas is said to stand second in the ings, either above or below the bed.
Unleached ashes or quick l lunt; year than last, and there is a present peach industry. Beware of a dusty,musty carpetbetter -
composted with muck, stable manure, prospect of a product of 10,000,000 sweetness and a bare floor. Do
or other ammoniacal manures, will set bales, which means low prices. There is little use doctoring a sick not fail to provide some means for
free the ammonia and should not be Cow peas and beggarweed never' chicken; ventilation during the night. Keep
used. Gypsum will confine the ammonia leave the ground poorer, whether har. The wife and children on a moderate the head cool while sleeping, but not
: and will also capture it from hested or the whole crop plowed in. : sized farm,are the legitimate chicken by a draft of cold air falling upon it.
the atmosphere when escaping from They will both grow without fertilizer, raisers. If a folding-bed must be used,contrivesome
compost heaps, stables, or other I but grow better with the applicationof Fowls never resort to wet foods if way to keep it aired and whole.
sources.A potash and phosphoric acid., [In they can get their food dry, and this some. Let the pillow be high enoughto
pig will grow faster on grass than the extreme South ,they can be sownas fact deserves attention. bring the head in a natural positionno
Aon corn. He will need the corn when late as the first of August and more nor less. Thoroughly air S
grown. make a crop of fodder or fertilizer.It Scrub horses will not pay for rais- the sleeping-room every day; air the
It is estimated that four hundred costs no more to }keep a purebred ing. Ditto scrub cows and hogs. beds and bedding as often as possible.A .
million dollars worth of crops are destroyed cow, a pure bregjh'og, ora pure Some kola nuts have been furnished dark, out-of-the way, unwholesome -
annually by insects. bred chicken, than one'of the scrub Florida parties by the Agricultural corner i is no more fitted for a
The Northern States are this year kind. One will give you more milk Department at Washington for testingthe sleeping-room than for a parlor. A
more than ever before, planting the and butter. Another more pork, and practicability of their growth in feather bed which has done servicefor
cow pea as a fodder crop and soil reno- the other more eggs. The one* >ind this State. They require a hot climate a generation or two is hardly a
vator. Why should any Southern may make you a profit, the a and must be planted below the frost desirable thing upon which to sleep-
farmer neglect it. loss. line.-Southern Ruralist. -New York Ledger.

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