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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00087
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 11, 1896
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00087
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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FLO IDA FARMEIc \



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a

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'AND F UfT= 0 O' t.E





$2 PER YEAR WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH." $2 PER YEAR.

.

8. Powers, Editor. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, JULY 11, 1896. Whole No. 1431 vol.NKW;VIII.SERIES:No. 88



NOW READY FOR JUNE PLANTING.We Orange and other Citrus trees are extensively! (and successfully) planted
during the "rainy sl'a-on": of summer.
have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour

and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having ORANGE TREES FOR SUMMER PLANTING.Satsuma
been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition. .

Following varieties guaranteed true to name: orange trees,on Tnloliata stocks.= Buds,:3 years, branched;stocks,
MAJORCA, lilJKY 1SLOOI, ST. MICHAKL, 4-years, J", to % inches caliper. (Also :ftitsimiUH on Sweet oningc Muck,same age
HKD. SWKKT, SANPOKU MED, PARSON IIKOWN, and size.)
JAFFA' HAHT'S LATE, NAVEL
TANGERINE, JIOMOSASSSA. SATSUMA: The foregoing are a line lot (as tint':as:; any wi ever grew), and we are offering
and GI\I' FKUIT. them, for summer}planting only,at very low prices.
A limited number of the famous Pineapple orange at Ji.oo each-
BUDWOOD. THIS IS THE ONE OPPORTUNITY OF THE YEAR TO GET

Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties excepl Pineapple and Tangerine at 75 FIRST-CLASS SATSUMAS CHEAP.
cents per 100;85.oo per 1000 prepaid. Order now and save time No agents employed.
Write for prices, etc. Address, -- --- ----
HASTINGS & WYLIE,
Interlachen, Fla. Write for prices, stating number) wanted

WE CAN ALSO FURNISH SATSUMA BUDWOOD.

THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES.


offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and 96,including a limited supply of G. L. TABER, GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.

GENUINE BOONE'S' EARLY TREES AND BUDS

Also Grape Fruit Tardiffs, Magnum Douum, Mediterranean Sweet, Bessie. Tangerine and 'Genuine Paper-Shell! Pecans 50 cts a pound.
common Orange,Sanford's Sicily lemon and Villa Franca Iemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
stocks. Write for prices
to'V.. 'V. HA.'VI<:INS S3 SON';; 3,
Georgetown, Fla cow PEKS ,

DAVIDSON & co., All varieties at lowest market prices.IiambBri's .



COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Death! (fo keep Chickens' Clean, ZIC.a pack"aRe.
LICEstock? STOCK FOOt keeps
healthy and saves feed, 51 c. per IHJX.
-3: HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. iE- L. CAMERON: Seedsman,

Oranges, Lemons, Pineapples, Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.No. .
JIoltE3or vllle>f U'Jo1.ido.'J .
20 Went Front Street, CINCINNATI, OHIO.


HASTINGS' 'J JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,



Grocers and Commission Merchants


3' CLEANED BEGGAR WEEDI DEALERS IN


Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,
Order your supply now and make sure of it. PRICKS : One pound by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds,
$c.5o. By express: or freight not prepaid, 25 cents per pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds;
ill 200 pound lots and above, 20 cents per pound.ROUGH Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
Seed free from stems,leaves and trash. By mail,post. ..
BEGGARWEED paid 25 cents Per pound; 4 pounds,95 cents. By ex- .
press or freight,not prepaid, in any quantity, 15 cents JocICSOI"1""V'"ille, FloIiclo:
.
_
.i i per pound.


H. G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN, PRIOEI-LIST WHISKIES: -

INTERLACHEN FLA. MANONGAIIIttA RYR....................f2 oo CABINET BOURBON... .............. ..16 oo
ORANGE VALLEy.................. ...... 200 J.MARTIN RyE.............................. 300
4i Send for our Illustrated Catalogue. SPRINGVAI.LEY......... ................. 250 VIRGINIA GLADKS......................... 4 00
BALTIMORE CORN....................... 200 OLD BOURBON.................... ..... 500
NORTH CAROLINA CORN... ............. 250 KKNTUCKYSOUR: MASH.................
JOHN L. MARVIN, JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD, CLIFTON CLUB.............. ............. 300 OLD BAKER......... ............-.... ....500 500
President. Vice President.H. MONTROSE VELVET RYF.............?.... 6 oo
T. BAYA THOS. W. CONRAD,
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, 750. Remit by post-office
CAPITAL $100,000. money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C O. D. Remit with order. .
A complete price-list of Groceries,and Wine List,sent free on application.

THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

Respectfully solicits Banking your Deposits Business.,Collections and General FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

--
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
offered which their bal- best advantage.-AI TIIOItIZED CAPITAL, |:300.W('}.
Depositors every facility BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
and warrant. order. Write for price list and terms.
ances, business responsibility
-:OFFICERS ::
SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00 GEO. R.FAIRBANKS. President. C. F.. niELBY) Vice-President.
ALBERT M. IVES,Gen'l Mgr.and Treas. M.I.I. TURNER Secretary.
PER YEAR, UP. DIRECTORS-Geo. R. :Fairbanks Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
HlIlsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.;Hy Crutchert Orange Co.;Dr.D.O. Davies,Nassau Co.;
J.D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. G.Samson, Marion Co.; C. V.lhJJyer,
DIRECTORS.John t Marion Co.; John M. Bryan,Osceola Co.; Holmes Co.; M. S.Moreman St.
L. Marvin, Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin, Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby Volusia Co.;J. C. Pelot, Manatee Co.
H. T. Baya, W. M. Davidson, Judge R. B. Archibald... Address all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange Jacksonville,Fla Stencils,
with full and instructions furnished .
Dr. H. Robinson. packing snipping on applIcation.J
I.



434 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JtJIA 11,

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\ m GROERI)





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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER (Florida Dispatch) was established twenty-seven years ago for the purpose of

promoting Florida horticulture and agriculture along modern, scientific and practical lines.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER is edited and conducted exclusively by actual and experienced tillers of the soil,

who live on the farm and practice what they preach.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER has on its working staff some of the most distinguished agronomic authorities of

the State-two professors of the State Experiment Station and the agricultural agent of one of the chief lines of railway who is an experienced tobacco

grower.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER has a trained corps of regular and occasional correspondents, chiefly representingthe

brightest body of producers in the world, the Florida orangegrowers.THE .

FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER stands as the champion of conservative American soil-culture, opposed to the

credit and crop-lien systems; opposed to the single-crop idea for the average farmer. It advocates the production of home supplies to the greatest extentS

compatible with that prime object of all good farming-the creation of a solid bank account.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, while not an "organ" for anyone except its readers and its owners, is the steadfast -
*
upholder of the Florida Fruit Exchange, the most cohesive and enduring organization of producers ever established in the United States.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER devotes itself to the horticulture and agriculture of Florida, which has unique

needs and requirements, and for which Northern farm teachings are generally inapplicable and misleading.

THE FLORIDA. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER is emphatically the business farmer's paper. No other agricultural paper in the

State reaches so many farmers who conduct their business on successful plans; who make money by it, and have money to pay for what they want.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, for these reasons, is the best advertising medium in which to reach the successful

rural classes of the State. Our "cheap column" is watched by more country people than any other medium.IT .

PAYS TO SUBSCRIBE to the Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower. Every attentive reader will gain by some one hint in the course ofa

year many times the cost of subscription.IT .

PAYS TO ADVERTISE in the Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower. No man who desires to do business with the successful soil tillersof

Florida can afford to neglect the use of its columns.

.t6r Sample copies sent on application.



Address,





VIoricIa 17 arlll Bra r all FrUit r 1 r rower ,





S JACKSONVILLE), FLORIDA.

-



YEAR.PER FLORIDA FARMER HI FRUIT-GROWER. YEARR




THE LECONTE PEAR. then with a sharp knife cut them about nine months, but by that time j People living in cities and towns

lengthwise into six or eight pieces, the acetic fermentation prevailed and j "live from hand to mouth" Hence
Shipping, Canning, Cooking, Etc. convenient for feeding into the hop- the; taste of vinegar was too apparent! fruit of all kinds must be ready for
per. The strainer in the bottom of for a good beverage. We shall try it immediate consumption. As commonly -
In East Florida this year all other the cylinder will become more or less this year with two pounds to the gal- shipped the LeConte pear is
packages are giving place to the fruit clogged with bits of skin once in a lon. Add the sugar as soon as the not tender and melting, hence cannotbe

barrel specially made for that purpose.It while; the machine should be taken juice is pressed out, fill the barrel full profitably shipped without a sys-
has three inside hoops, one at the apart and the strainer cleaned. If a and let it lie on the side with the bung tematic preparation. Perhaps large

bulge and one at each end, and five fine one is used the pomace will be uppermost, to allow the pomace to curing houses may be found the thing
outside hoops. The staves are of a ready for immediate use without any overflow as fermentation proceeds.Add where the fruit can be put away in
uniform width throughout, and the I treatment.Fill a little fresh juice to keep the shallow drawers or trays, to be as-
bulge is produced by spreading themin a four-gallon kettle, boil downto level fully up to the bung-hole to per- sorted from time to time by experts
the middle that there is crackof who will be able to about how
so a two gallons, then add three pints of mit the overflow.To judge
about a quarter of an inch between sugar and cook a half hour longer. make vinegar, if the pears are soon after leaving the packing house

every two staves at the bulge, which While cooking before the sugar is put rich and ripe (though most LeConte the pears will become eatable, tak--

gives abundant ventilation. Each in, let the mass boil rapidly; it will pears, grown without mineral fertilizers ing into account the distances to mar-

stave is nailed to the inside hoop at keep itself stirred up and not so are not very rich), dilute with water ket._. .
the bulge. There is no groove at likely to burn as it would be If sim- a quart or half gallon to the gallonof The -LeConte pear is really goodwhen
either end of the barrel; to preventthe mering and settling down in one play C. juice, and add no sugar. The dilu- in proper condition, and if it
heads from going in too far thereis Still it best to stir it occassionally, tion is necessary to prevent the exces- can be manipulated properly I believeit
a thin block nailed to the staves on and after the sugar is added this is sive formation of "mother." The ferment will be popular, large of sale and

each side of the barrel, inside. When very necessary. should not be allowed to con- profitable to the producer.PERRY .

the barrel is filled and shaken down Where one has no fruit press the tinue more than two weeks before the OR PEAR CIDER.

the head is placed in and pressed pear may be cooked soft and run liquor is skimmed and strained. Re- Perry is or was formerly a sound
down, then the inside end-hoop followsit through a colander, but it is a tedious peat in a month. In this climate healthy old English diet-drink. The
lastly the two outside endhoopsare "mother" is very apt to be in over-
process. proper use of all such drinks is at the
put on and nailed, thus all difficultyof supply unless restrained in this man di-
PEAR PIES. table only, moderately and largely
the head entered in the
getting is avoided. It is I To make a good fat pie take a deep ner. t-o-i luted. Their acids harmonize well
groove a very convenient -
pie-plate and line it with crust. with the gastric juice and so sluggish
package. Pear Blight, Nttila and Perry.
is aided at other times and
Sprinkle a table-spoonful of flour in it. digestion ,
CANNING. Select juicy, mellow pears, slice themas Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: by healthy people their use should be
To be ready for canning the pear thin as possible around over the i Your recent diagnosis of pear blightwas conscientiously avoided.

should be not only ripe, but slightly flour, sprinkle on another tablespoonful correct. I followed your direct- Now, Mr. Editor, as your fraternityis
mellow; in other words, it ought to of flour then half a coffee of ions, given a year ago, viz: to cut ofT looked up to as almost omniscientcan
be picked when it is full-grown and cup all affected shoots down to the sound not give the methodof
Cover with crust and bake you proper
in covered barrel until it sugar. wood and burn them. This done
beginsto was
kept a making ? It should be clear
slowly to give the fruit time to cook perry
mellow which will be six last winter and the result is fine
or eight a
through. When the pie is done the and light, without the hardness of old
days. Then pare thin, halve and core juice will be seen beginning to rise growth of healthy shoots with normal cider. The time is near at hand for
them. Do the work rapidly and onlya through the holes in the crust. foliage and apparently perfect termI- experimenting with perry.L. .
small kettle full at a time. Into a up nal buds. The few diseased shoots H. ARMSTRONG.St. .
The LeConte properly selected,
granite kettle put just enough water to pear that escaped last winter will be cut Nicholas Fla.
will cook as quickly as summer ,
apples -
keep them from sticking, say a pint or and makes pie equally as good. out and after four or five years of very ----.ter
less in a four-gallon kettle. It is important I bad blight the trees seem to be cured, Peaches from South Florida.
to a nice appearance to keep the EVAPORATED PEARS. the affected trees also show a little
:Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
pieces whole ; to avoid breaking them The cook stove drier advertised in fruit. I I send you again this year a basketof
by stirring, lift the kettle up frequent. our columns may be used in drying NAILS IN THE TRUNKS.
peaches by express (charges paid),
ly and shake it. After they have pears either cut by hand into quartersor Early last spring (should have been and would like you, if not asking too
cooked about fifteen minutes take a eights or sliced by a machinethelatter done in the winter) I drove five or MX much, to express your opinion of this
fork and carefully bring the lower preferable. Pears selected at shingle nails into the trunks below the fruit-Honey Seedling-through the

pieces to the top and push the upper the right stage and evaporated quickly i branches. Up to this year most of columns of your valuable I
paper.
ones down. They must be cooked are strictly first-class as a basis for trees have made but
my pear rampant might also say that I have already
until each piece has a "done" and am- sauce or pies. They present a whiteor fruitless
growth; partly, perhaps, as a shipped 350 crates off eighty Angel
ber appearance, or else they will not sugary appearance, but are a little result of the nails, the trees now havea trees, and 1 think there remain on the
In about half-hour from the difficult to keep through the rainy
keep. a
goodly crop. For a time probablythe trees about fifty crates, to be shippedat
beginning add three pints of sugar to a season on account of their tendencyto nails impair vitality, and threaten once. I think this little article pub-
kettle of fruit. Do soften and stick together and be-
four-gallon not life, but this impairment awakens the lished might give heart to who
stir it in, but shake the kettle, and allow come wormy. The best plan is to I. instinct of self preservation by fruit are afraid to plant peach trees.I many.
it cook about fifteen minutes them while hot, into large jars
to put and seed production. The bark and wish you could take a run down
longer. Test the pieces with a fork ; previously subjected to a dry heat, sapwood soon overgrow the nails and and see my orchard, it is a sight.
if they are soft near the core they are and cover them quickly with tight they will simply remain imbedded in Some of my trees rising five years are

done. Have the jar standing in an screw-tops. the heart wood without further harm. locked at thirty feet apart. Come, if

inch of cold water. Select the softest CIDER AND WINE. Meanwhile the fruit habit becomes you can, and I will treat you well.
pieces,lift them out one by one with a To make good cider the pears established. Quite small trees are GRANT FERRIER.

fork and place in the jar, packing should be allowed to become fully ma- thus thrown into bearing. Sorrento Fla.
,
snug. As soon as the jars are filled tured, then they should be picked and The LeConte pear seems to haveno

pour in the liquor, filling level full, put in tight'packages until they are a insect enemies to tree or fruit. It The peaches were of the typical

wipe off the edges with a cloth and little soft-just a little. If allowed to I is a thrifty grower and an enormous Honey type, which is so familiar as to
screw down the lid tight. Never use a soften too much they become mealy. I bearer, but is not yet a profitable mar- need no description. The largest one

rubber the second season. Set the jars Then grind up in an ordinary cider ket fruit. Softened by cooking and was 8j}! inches in circumference the

away in a cool, dark place. mill and press out with a straw cheese.Or canned they are excellent, but can- longest way, 1% the shortest way,

PEAR RUTTER. in lack of a mill, they may be ning surplus pears, peaches, straw- three inches long, and 2% in diameterthe

If properly made, this is a delicious pounded with an axe in a barrel havingthe berries, etc., though perfectly practicable shortest way. The grower may
article, good enough to be used in- lower head strengthened with a so far has made no show in not thank us for giving these dimen-

stead of jelly in making a layer cake.It cross-block, and the pomace pressedout Florida. There should be a great sions; they are a coarse mechanical
does not become salvey like apple in another barrel with a straw market for such goods. sort of criticism. We do so because
When the membrane these fruits show that it is not safe
butter, but remains: slightly grainy, cheese. connecting only
and is therefore better than the formerto To make wine or perry to keep between tree and fruit becomes dry I to treat peach trees as Mr. Ferrier says

a delicate taste. through the year, add a pound and a and ceases to transmit sap the tree I I he would treat us if he had a chance,
To prepare the fruit use an Enterprise half or two pounds of white sugar to can do nothing more for the still hare but profitable. In quality they kept

fruit press, which may be pro- the gallon of juice. We tried it last fruit. It should then be gathered, but i I. pace with their size. We say this
cured in Jacksonville. Let the pears season with a pound and a half and it shipped thus it falls dead on the mar-I:I more particularly because the State

become mellow, as above described, made an excellent article which kept ket, because inedible. sends to Jacksonville so many peachesS2


I



tllft FtOfctbA FAttMtiR: ANb PtttJIM1tOW' 1t. JULY 11,

-
which are poor in proportion as theyare organisms of nitrification and denitri- I er and more thorough must be its I At the crease the healthy bark swells
small. They were juicy, meltingand fication. The nitrifying organismfeeds i preparation. Plowing must be doneat out a little, forms a callous, and usu-
luscious; in short, it would be upon the humus, breaking downits the right time, preferably in the ally throws out one or more thrifty
difficult to detect that they were lack- organic nitrogenons constituentsand fall, so as not to interfere with the young shoots to repair damages."
ing in any of those refined qualities, producing nitrates which may be next year's water supply. "Blight does not come up from the
color included, which many people washed out in the drainage, and the The application of lime and wood ground through the sap, but enters
think are monopolized by peaches denitrifying organism completes the ashes aids in the reduction of nitro- through the soft, growing tips of the
grown a thousand miles further north. work by feeding upon the nitrates, gen or humus to available forms and branches. It is caused by microscopicgerms
They were evidently shipped ripe and producing free nitrogen gas, which prevents the formation of sour mold. borne through the air, probablyby
were not wrapped, hence the skin of escapes into the air. Good drainage is also necessary to the claws of birds or by insects."
most of them was somewhat abraded.We Nitrification is one of the most important nitrification in the soil. In water- Mr. Stringfellow's theory that it is
wish :Mr. Ferrier would state natural provisions for render- logged soils the humus does not decompose the result of bacteria in the sap and is
whether the trees were irrigated, as the ing the inert fertility of the soil avail. normally, but peat is pro- the result of cultivation, or lack of
drouth has had to bear the blame for able to plants, and a certain amountof duced on account of the absence of cultivation, failure to prune the roots,
so much inferior fruit this season. it is necessary to plant growth, butit oxygen. etc., finds little acceptance with horti--
can be readily seen that under inju- We thus see that nitrification, al culturists who have made the subject a
dicious cultivation of sometimes serious life study.
management or though a sourceof
Humus In Relation to Soil Fer-
tility.-II. the soil it may work a positive injuryby loss, may be largely controlled by Year after year we have seen our
causing unnecessary waste of the careful management of the soil. favorite pear trees blackened at their
nitrogen, or, in case of rich soils, it extremities, and sought a remedy but
BURNING OVER OF SOILS.
NITROGEN IN HUMUS. may supply the growing crop with found none but the pruning shears,
Humus, as ordinarily obtained from too much nitrate and thus produce a Another source of loss of humusin which was only temporary.SouthernRuralist.
the soil, contains from 3 to 12 per rank growth of straw and leaves the prairie and forest regions is .
cent of nitrogen. According to Pro the frequent burning over of the .r
fessor Hilgard, the soils from arid regions SUMMER FALLOWING. land. Soils covered with pine, in Facts for Fruit Growers.
are poor in humus, containing Bare summer fallowing is widely which sand largely predominates, frequently -
from i to 2 per cent, but this humusis practiced, and has been very beneficial lose hah or three-quarters of There is one fact that with my eleven
correspondingly rich in nitrogen, in to the succeeding crop by increas- their total nitrogen when visited by years' experience in fruit growing has
many cases containing 14 per cent. ing the available nitrogen of the soil, forest fires. The sand, being of an been impressed on me most strongly.
In many of the prairie regions the but frequently more nitrogen is ren- open and porous nature, aids in the That is the unsuitableness of all, or
soil contains about 5 per cent of humus } dered available than is necessary for more complete combustion of the hu nearly all, the commercial fertilizersto
and this humus contains about the following crop, and whatever the mus. In the timbered regions of the the fruit growers' needs.
10 per cent of nitrogen. Since, there- crop is unable to utilize is lost by Northwest the great forest fires of Most fertilizers are recommendedas
fore, nitrogen is one of the prominent leaching or else escapes into the air. 1894 resulted in the average destruc- good for everything that grows be-
constituents of humus, it is easily understood The available nitrogen is thus in- tion of over 1,500 pounds of humus neath the sun, while the truth is that
how a loss of humus has creased, while the total nitrogen is nitrogen per acre, to say nothing of different crops, and even the same
also resulted in a loss of nitrogen. greatly decreased. the nitrogen lost in the burning of crop on different soils, need the three
.. This decline in the nitrogen contentof Experiments at the Minnesota Agricultural the timber. Analyses of soils, before great properties, ammonia, potash and
the soil is one of the most serious Experiment Station indicated and after the fire, made by the Min- phosphorus, in widely varying pro-
results of the loss of humus from the that one year of fallowing caused a nesota Agricultural Experiment Sta- portions. To feed all crops and all
soil. A virgin; soil containing 4 per gain of 0.0022 per cent available nitrogen tion showed a loss in some cases of soils alike is not a whit less irrational
cent of true humus and 0.35 per cent and a loss of 0.0113 percent. 2,500 pounds per acre of nitrogen, than (for one to feed all the animals
of nitrogen will after twenty years of of total nitrogon in a soil containing equivalent to a loss of 75 per cent. and fowls on his place on exactly the
grain cropping show about 2.5 per originally 0.1536 per cent. of total nitrogen of the total amount in the soil. The same diet, instead of on the special
cent of humus and 0.2 per cent of and 0.0002 per cent. of avail- prairie fires have not been so de- grain or forage suitable to each.
nitrogen.In able nitrogen. For every pound of structive upon the humus as the for- Comparatively few of us are able
the twenty years, therefore, nitrogen rendered available by the fallow est fires, because the burning has to have all the widely varying soils on
there has been a loss of 1.5 per cent treatment there was a loss of over been confined more to the surface.An our farms analyzed. Nor is it essen-
of humus, equivalent to about 3,500 5 pounds of nitrogen from the soil. average prairie fire, however, tial that we should. A few inexpensive -
pounds per acre, and o. 15 to 0.2 per Bare summer fallowing is, therefore, will remove more nitrogen from the experiments and close observations -
cent of nitrogen, which is equivalentto only temporarily beneficial at the expense soil than five ordinary crops of wheat. will keep us better informed as
3,000 to 5,000 pounds of nitrogenper of the total humus and nitrogenof to the need of each than all the chem-
acre. Since 50 pounds per year the soil. When a soil is poor in Pear Blight. J ists can do. For a soil often under-
of nitrogen is a large quantity for any humus and nitrogen the loss of nitro- goes rapid changes, and its needs
ordinary grain crop to remove, the 20 gen is much shriller, but even then it Pear blight knows no north, no east, today may not be its needs a few
crops have at the most removed 900 is doubtful whether bare summer fallowing no south, no west, or rather it is years hence.
pounds of nitrogen. At least 2,500 is a wise practice. In no case known in all these sections, and those But an analysis of the crop one
pounds have, therefore, been lost by should summer fallowing be practicedon pear growers in Florida who thought proposes to grow is easily within his
the decomposition of the humus, the a new soil. they were in asection exempt from the reach, and no man can afford to ignore -
nitrogen being lost either in the free scourge are saddened by seeing their it. This is particularly necessaryin
state or in the drainage waters. For FALL PLOWING trees draped in mourning, even as the case of the fruit grower, owingto
every pound of nitrogen removed in Keeps the humus and nitrogen of others. Little confidence is placed in the fact that the commercial fertili--
the crops during the twenty years of the soil in better condition than late the theories of Mr. Stringfellow or his zers rarely or never contain the three
cultivation there has been an additional I spring plowing. Nitrification goes on remedies. The disease is thus de I great staples of plant food in anythinglike
loss of 3 or 4 pounds of nitro- in the soil until quite late in the fall, : scribed : "The disease is first made the proportion which his crop
gen from the soil by the decomposition and in the South the process goes on I manifest by the leaves on the end of a must have if success is to be attained.
of the humus. the entire year. The change is most I tender twig turning black (not yellow, I The analysis of all kinds of fruit
rapid near the surface, where there is or red, or any other shade). The shows the presence of large quantitiesof
EFFECT OF ORGANISMS.We i plenty of oxygen from the air. In leaves on an entire branch so smitten potash. Thus a ton of peaches
know that most if not all of the early fall plowing the available nitro- may change color almost simultane- contains 52 pounds potash, 11 pounds!
changes that organic matter under- gen formed from the humus is near ously. The blight generally makes phosphoric acid, a fair proportion of
goes are the result of the action of the surface, where it does the sprout- swift progress for a greater or less distance nitrogen or ammonia, and a little lime,
microscopic organisms. Such chan- ing seed and the young crops the most and then stops abruptly, either magnesia, etc. Strawberries containa
ges as nitrification, or the transformation good. With late spring plowing this for the remainder of the season, whichis still larger proportion of potash, a
of organic nitrogen into nitrates available nitrogen is plowed under, the more common, or until autumn. ton of this fruit showing 60 pounds
and its opposite denitrification, or the and inert organic nitrogen is broughtto The bark also turns black, nearly or potash, 31 pounds phosphoric acid,
reduction of nitrates to gaseous nitro the surface.In quite around the twig. The blight extends and about the same proportion of
gen, besides many others which mightbe old soils the process of nitrifica- down as fast as the leaves blacken. other properties that. peaches con-
mentioned, are illustrations of the tion does not go on rapidly enough to When the discoloration of the tain.Now
work of these minute organisms. furnish available nitrogen to the crop. I bark comes to a halt, the tree forms a the commercial fertilizers sold
Humus furnishes a medium peculiarly In a new soil the process of nitrification -I modertely deep crease around the twig in my neighborhood show in different
adapted to the activity of these organ- is liable to go on too rapidly. between the dead bark and the living.If brands from i to 2* per cent am-
isms. The decomposition of humus, Deep plowing and thorough cultiva- left alone, and the blight proceedsno monia, 5 to 8 per cent phosphoricacid
by which it loses its nitrogen, is due tion aid in nitrification. Hence the I farther down, the dead part of the and 2 to 3 per cent potash.
chiefly to the combined action of the longer the soil is cultivated, the deep- twig will soon rot off and fall away. These fertilizers are plainly unsuita43G -






-" .-. --.- _.- -' .



iI

-





1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 437





FERTILIZERHEADQUARTERS.SAVE .





By buying nothing for your OKANGE_TUBES,MONEY VEGETABLES :PINEAPPLES except our new


ALL AROUND BRAND, $35 Per Ton.

I
ANALYSIS:
Ammonia S to <> pcrlccut.
Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to S "
Actual Potash "
1 to 5
I6r This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates Superphosphates and Potash. &aWe

keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND
BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.
Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.

LITTLE BROTHERS' FERTILIZER and PHOSPHATE COMPANY,

JACI.cSONVII.LE J3'LORIDA.


ble for fruit though thousands of Letter from Major Campbell. Well, she was a woman and of courseI What has become of the alfalfa
dollars are yearly wasted in applying Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: thought she did not know, and I craze? We don't hear any more from
them to that crop. As a rule they If $150 invested in chickens will I didn't take her advice. I wish I had.I our St. Johns county friends who
contain more phosphoric acid than pay a net profit of $Sqo, as friend couldn't get the idea out of my were making six tons of dry hay per
potash, while fruit calls for three DeLanoy says it will, the first year, head that if one acre would net $1,000, acre a year ago.I *]
times as much potash as phosphoricacid. that will five you a capital of $1,040to 240 acres would net $240,000. Andit have not found Spanish peanuts V
The ammonia, too, is far in commence the next year with, and was really pleasant and enjoyableto to do what is claimed for them. In
excess of the right proportion. Spec- spread yourself. contemplate how this vast income my own experience I would not give
ially prepared fruit fertilizers do not, That will give you capital to start would enable me to take my family them the ground room they grow on,
it is true, show the same disproportion seven chicken yards, which with pro. "up North" and spend the summersat because the small Florida nut will beat
; still after testing a great many per care will make the same ratio of the watering places and fine hotels.I them out of sight for nuts and forage.If .
brands, I find that I can not only didn't know then that the
increase and summersin
the
give you a capital of planted anytime up to 20th of
make cheaper, but what is far more Florida were far more enjoyable.I and
$7,270 to commence the next year June even up to the ist of July
important, better fertilizers than I can with. Then you would want to start did, however, some years later if the season is long in the fall, in
buy.The nearly fifty yards, for when one once take the advice of another woman who rows four feet apart and two feet in
following formula I find to begins to make money after this fashionhe was managing her own grove, and the row, in ground well prepared and
pay well for strawberries or other seldom wants to quit, but wants it that was never to let a plow run within clearly cultivated they will average a
small fruit on all soils from extreme all. This is bewildering.Pshaw six or eight feet of an orange tree, full quart to the hill. If planted early
sandiness to_stiff clay; per acre : 600 I'd better quit this, for 1 I and to use a scythe instead of a hoe plant in checks three or even four
pounds kainit and 400 muriate potash; havent paper enough to figure out to cut the weeds and grass with, and feet, and.if well cultivated. they will_
600 dissolved bone or acid phosphate; what I might have done by investing let them lie as cut, and-she was right. meet in the rows and till the ground
400 pounds nitrate soda or 600 to 800 the proceeds of a fine Durham cow Well, I haven't any orange grove now with nuts. If you want to save them
pounds cotton seed meal. Break all in hens. I would have to start a neither has she nor any of my.neigh- for forage, pull them at the same stage
lumps and mix thoroughly with hoes. slate factory to get slates enough to bors.I you would the Spanish and the nuts
Apply half or two thirds in spring be- figure on.This reckon it is all right, for if my 240 will all cling to the vines as tenaciouslyas
fore crop is planted, harrowing in calls to mind my first experience acres of orange trees had turned out the other. Should there be any
well. Apply half the remainder as and calculation in the orange all right and I had invested the pro- left in the ground the hogs will get
top dressing over plants in November, business. A few days after my first ceeds of my Durham cow in hens, them.
and the remainder in February or arrival in Florida, one of our orange and they had done as Mr. I), says They are better than cowpeas as a
:March following. The mixture will kings that used to be, invited me to they would, I might have been in with renovator of the soil. This is demon
not hurt if sown in winter, while ride out with him to his orange grove. some gold syndicate in Wall street strated to me by a piece of corn my
plants are in a dormant state. Never When we got there, I saw a negro buying U. S. bonds, and being inves- son has which was last season partly
sow anything on them while in grow- driving a two-horse wagon loaded tigated by a Senate committee and in pindars and partly in cowpeas,
ing state. If it is desired to apply with commercial fertilizer, and an- "cussed" like Mr. Cleveland and Mr. which were fed down, the vines f of
fertilizers at other times, they can'be other negro man with a longhandledshovel Carlisle. They are bigger men than I 1 both rotting on the ground, and
plowed or chopped in by the side of scattering it as they drove am and can stand being"cussed," plowed in this spring. The differenceto
or around the plants. along, and several others plowing it in.I but I can't. the row, shows very plainly in favorof
The above is no theoretical formula.It asked my friend what that stuff was Spanish peanuts, alfalfa, :McNeil the pindars. Everything will eat
was learned in the school of experience worth and whether the orange busi-- peas, Kaffir corn, sweet potatoes and them, even the dogs. Turkeys and
whose school comes so high. I ness would stand that kind of work? cassava are all seen through a strong pigs fatten on them (faster than on
have used it for years and find it to Oh, yes, he said; his grove was netting double-lens and results are exagger. anything else, and acquire that nutty
give better results in size and qualityof him $1,000 per acre and the crop ated.I flavor that nothing else imparts. A
crop than any other. Some soils next year.would justify! it. Well, Isupposed had a long letter once from a man horse fed on them, or partly so, will
need ammonia than others.
more ne knew, and guessed it was explaining what Spanish peanuts and come out in better condition and witha
Some very rich ones need none for all right. He drove me over to where cassava would do, and offering to sell smoother coat uncurried than one
several years. But I have yet to find he was making a new grove of 160 : me the Spanish peanuts at $5.00 per fed on corn and groomed every day.
one on which moderate quantities of acres, and after being pumped full of bushel, and cassava stalks at $5.00 Cassava I do not find to yield any-
phosphoric acid and heavy applica- orange talk, I went home and told per barrel, if I would place my order thing like as claimed, and it is very
tions of potash did not pay.-0. W. my wife what I had seen and learned, soon. I wrote back that these thingswere hard on the land. Nor do I find
Blacknall in Farm. and. Ranch. and told her I was going to plant all plentiful in :Marion county and if stock to relish it very much. For
our 240 acres in orange trees. "Now," his stock run short I would supply him making starch I judge it would be
Mrs. M. Crews, who lives two miles says she, "I will tell you what you with all he wanted at a dollar for each. very valuable.
east of Zolfo, DeSoto county, has a had better do; you had better plant I[ never heard from him again. I did The immense yield of sweet potatoes
forty-year-old orange tree which meas- two acres like you used to plant apple buy a quart or two of McNeil peas is another fad. This thing of
ures sixty-three inches in circumference trees in Missouri, and when you get and Kaffir corn at the rate of about yielding three and four hundred
thirty feet in height. that well established, then build out." $32 a bushel and got "picked up." bushels is not done in ordinary culti.



-


438 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JULY 11,



A FERTILIZER FOR $27.00 A TON.




.. "THE IDEAL

-- ._-_. _-_ .,.-- --- -u.-- -___ .<_.' -_-,-,_ ,-,'-,__-_ '_ .. __.._ -_ __, ..-_-_ -_,_ '..

A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted toANALYSIS

EAR.L V"EGET ABLES A.N"D: ORANGE: : TREES.:


GUARANTEED I ,
Ammonia, 43% to 5>< per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4to 6 per cent.
Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, 11 to 13 per .cent.

Made Exclusively, from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.
----
------ -
-
We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood, and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

' WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.Write .
Us for Prices before Buying.

VILSON & TOOMISR, Jacksonville,
Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton,
Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices. THIS FMSRTHWI: ISI HOUSE OF FLORIDA.:


vation. More crops come under fifty acting in the most favorable manner the subject we believe it best to repro- or total failure. It is a crop that requires -
bushels than go over it. In good i on the bladder.It duce in substance the former article : heat, heavy fertilization and
cultivation an acre planted in four- is a good remedy for the dropsyin EGG PLANT. good cultivation. It requires about
loot rows will make fifty-two rows, its first stages. It vigorously at- four months to mature the crop. In
As a vegetable for general consump-
with favorable tacks the disease and elimi-- it for immediate
and average, season quickly considering as a crop
tion this is a comparatively recent in-
and culture, about three and one-half nates from the body all superfluous troduction. A native of tropical : planting for fall and early winter shipments -
bushels to the row. If planted in substances.It I there is no necessity for the ap-
Africa, it reaches a perfection in
cowpenned or fertilized ground they is an excellent cleanser of the Florida during the summer season plication of heat for starting the seed.
will sometimes make more, but at the liver.It. The seed beds should contain soil thatis
I that can be attained in no other
expense of quality, being coarser and is a great mistake to use salt, ex- State. In Northern markets it is in no richer than the open ground in
table there is in small with the rad- which the be The
split. For the nothing cept quantities, creasing in popularity plants are to set.
every year.
better; they are fine for hogs, good for ish. When properly magaged we considerit beds should be shaded from the hot
cattle, especially milch cows, when For a chronic cough the radish is one of the most profitable market sun and protected well from beating
fed plenty of hay or other forage; not found to be an excellent remedy. For rains that come during the summer.
fit for horses on account of scouring; this the proper method of preparationis crops.In The seedlings should be transplanted;
are best for hogs, when fed in con- to cut the radish in thin slices which Florida there are two seasons for each time giving them more sun. When
nection with pindars. place in any convenient vessel and on planting it, one from January to six inches high they may be plantedin
When it is properly understoodwhat it throw white sugar. After standinga March for spring crop, the other from the open ground which should
you can do, and what you can't short time shake vigorously. The June 15th to August 1st for fall and have been well plowed and cultivated
do in Florida, we will have a better: sugar dissolves and there is obtained a early winter shipments.More previously. For a fertilizer there is
immigration.I white thick pap, composed of sugar than one.half the seed in the nothing better than two shovelfuls of
am pretty well acquainted with and the juice of the radish, having the January and February plantings is well rottedmanure or of any good
various parts of the United States and peculiar property of a dissolving agent lost through failure in germination.The muck compost. If this is not obtain
after a continued residence here of without causing any excitement of the seed of egg plant does not germi- able commercial, vegetable fertilizer at
thirteen years, I do not hesitate to say digestive organs. Not only does this nate freely in a temperature of less the rate oi at least one ton per acre.
it is the best all round country I have remedy act with great suceess in cases than 70. A single cold night in i At time of transplanting in summer it
ever lived in. More anon. of chronic cough, it will equally cure which the seed bed becomes chilled is advisable to shade the young plants
CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, SI{. all pulmonary affections, if the lungsare will often destroy an entire sowing. A until they become established. For
Campobello Plantation, Marion co. not already perforated. well managed hot bed will insure a this purpose there is nothing better
--- ---- -- In place of sugar honey may be stand but for those who have not the tban the leaves of the scrub palmetto.
used in the preparation of the remedy.The necessary materials at hand we give Uo not plant it on low wet ground.If .
Fat1tneJJ&T tttJekel1 juice of the radish imparts to honey the following directions which were you do, you can expect the plantsto
--- -- its greatest force. Combined to- given in one of the agricultural papers, die back before bearing. After be-
Tho Radish. gether they act in a very salutary by the writer, two years ago. coming thoroughly established, egg
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: manner on the lungs, the bronchial "Sow the seed in a shallow box containing plant will stand more heat and drouth
A recent French paper contains a tubes and the entire respiratory organ from 3 to 4 inches of soil anda without injury than any vegetablecrop
report of an interview with the abbe ism. By taking three or four spoon- sufficient number of holes to insure we know of. The ground shouldbe
Seb. Kneippof Wierishofen, Bavaria, fulls each day mucous obstructionswill drainage. The seed should be covered kept clean of all weeds and grass
the celebrated advocate of the "water- be removed.By : about half an inch. After seed is and as the plants grow it is beneficialto
cure" treatment of diseases, in whichhe boiling the radish in a small sown place this box over a large size keep drawing the earth up aroundthe
extols the curative properties of the i quantity of water a rich broth will be baking pan two-thirds full of water. stems. As the "eggs" mature they
common radish. He says- obtained which sweetened with a little There should be cracks left for a little should be cut off with sharp clippers,
Everyone knows the radish and all honey constitutes an excellent remedyfor ventilaton between box and pan. care being taken not to bruise them.
eat it willingly, but all do not know all mucous obstructions of the Under ithis pan keep an ordinary They should then be wrapped in brown
what value the radish possesses as a throat or lungs when taken in a dose kerosene lamp burning constantly till paper and shipped in well ventilated
remedy for the cure of many diseases.It ot a spoonful each day.C. the seeds have germinated. The heat barrels or barrel crates.
acts energetically on the stomach, SPALDING. from the lamp will keep the water in Up to two years ago the New York
but it must be used with prudence.As Jacksonville, Fla. the pan at an even temperature,which Improved has been considered the
the owner throws a thief out of his in turn will impart to the soil in the only variety to plant for shipping, but
house, so the radish drives out of the Egg Plant. box the necessary degree of heat.It in the effort to cheapen seed produc-
stomach the most annoying flatulence.It is best to transplant the young tion, all manner of streaked and imperfect
is a real cleanser, fulfilling its func- r.Y: H. G. HASTINGS. seedlings twice. to make them stocky fruit was gathered for seed
tions with care, thoroughly sweepingnot Two years ago this subject was i before setting in open ground. It is purposes. That strain, as usually sold
only the stomach, but the bowels. covered in the Ruralist, but as it now necessary that the plants be kept grow- today, is practically worthless. Selec
Now we know how many diseases are has some four times the number of ing constantly for if checked by cold, tions'have been made, a new strain has
the result of flatulence. readers it had then and there is con insects, or lack of cultivation or fertilizer been developed that is pure, free from
The radish is an excellent diuretic, siderable inquiry for information on the crop will be either a partial streaked fruit and nearly thornless.



1896. THE: FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWEB.;} 439

J .

This has been named "Large Purple high grade sulphate of potash to each I whole community. When alarmed or -

Thornless. For home use the Black plant at time of blooming is very bene- I excited, they rush pell-mell over each West Coast of Florida.
Pekin is a good variety. It is earlier ficial. It gives the plant greater vigor, ,I other from one end of the house or

and more prolific but the "eggs" are makes larger and better colored I yard to the other; nor will they cease
much smaller and the quality is not "eggs," better table qualities and a I until they are exhausted, unless a lan- 20,000 ACHES: FliUlT LAM

as good tougher skin, standing shipment far tern or other light is furnished them, -
Egg plant in the seed bed and also. better than those from plants not given when they will quiet down. When a The most picturesque part of Florida lies around

when small after transplanting is often I the additional potash.-Southern Ru- panic takes place it means the loss ofa Tarpon Springs and Lake Butleron

attacked by the common flea beetle. ralist. large amount of fat duck meat, the line of the
The remedy for this is dusting the which is dissipated by the exercise,
plants with lime. and more food will be required to put PL-KMT SYSTEM.

The most serious drawback in egg Poultry. on the flesh again. When the panic and only 26 miles northwest from the great city of
plant culture at present is the disease occurs, get to the flock at once and
------------------------------------------------
known as blight which has caused Edited by S. S. DeLANOY Apopka Fla. put up lights, no matter at what hour TA :IPA.
such loss to the tomato growers of of the night it may be.
Special offers to settlers on the best fruit and
this and other States. The egg plantis Natural Food for Poultry. The ducklings may be allowed in agricultural lands at $5 to $10 per acre.
subject to attack. We saw an acre The natural food of fowls is com- the yard as soon as they are featheredand For maps and information apply to

of egg plant last summer that did not posed of seeds, insects and grass. In even very young ones may go out LAKE BUTLER VILLA LAND I CO
mature a single fruit, plant dying I on warm clear ,
every the domestic condition we allow grain, days. They are sent
from blight before fruiting. grass and meat. Turkeys and chickens to ,the market dressed, and they must
This disease has been made a special drink very little water when feed be dry picked, all the pin-feathers be- TARPON SPRINGS, FLA.

study by Prof. Rolfs of the Florida ing, and even ducks and geese resortto ing removed. In all other respects

Experiment Station. The results of water when feeding sometimes, in they are treated the same way as
experiments on this disease were givenin order to wash their bills more thanto broilers. No one who has ever BRASS BAND
Bulletin 21. dressed a duck will for a 'Instruments,Drums,Uniforms Equipment -
drink, says the Poultry Keeper. worry repe- for Bands and Drum Corps. Lowest -
In so far as it relates to egg plantwe i This brings up the question of the tition of the job, and no one knows / prices ever quoted. Fine Catalog 41.,
Illustrations
mfildfrtt it
!; gives Band
give an extract from the Bulletin: propriety of feeding soft food. It is how many feathers are on a duck until ]Music&;Instruct'ns Amateur Banda.

"In most of the plots treated the known that ground grain absorbs a he attempts to get them off. With Por.Idems LYO.V SU and Wabath.t HEALS Ainur,,CUeago,!!!.
spraying of the leaves had no effect in large volume of water, and when the ducklings it is even more difficult,ow-

checking blight. mixture is apparently dry, quite a ing to the large proportion of pin-
"Three plots were laid off to try the large proportion of water exists in it, feathers. After a duck is supposed to vA ; "r'q: Send for Annual Descriptive
effect of Eau Celeste.* The former be half r .ea t CATALOGUE
though more so when the mixture is picked again, apparently, a b newly issued and revised.
order was followed."In very moist and sloppy. It is not I dozen times, they will have a fussy It contains everything
needed
the Horticult
: by
the first plot the stems were beneficial water, as the results are appearance. The dressing of these f 0 |3 turist and plant-lover.-
thoroughly sprayed and the ground ducklings is the PLANTS and TREES for
sometimes injurious, bowel disease and disagreeable portionof Orchard, Window, Lawn
about them moistened. The increaseof indigestion prevailing. It is better to the business; but if you get your 'a,S Jr or Greenhouse. Largest
blight in the plot was 8 per cent. feed all food dry if possible, and keepa young ducks in good condition, and p, collection in the South.to select from
The amount of blight in the plot be- trough full of water where the fowls in large numbers for market, you will REASONER BROTHERS ONF.CO, FLA.

fore treatment, however, was much can take what quantity they desire. get fair prices and be amply rewarded. -

above the average; fully 3 per cent. Even ground food may be given in a -Texas Stockman and Farmer. .

The increase of blight in check was 16 dry condition, the different substancesused -*. ..-_-
per cent, so the real gain by sprayingwas being thoroughly mixed and Poultry Notes.

8 per cent. placed in a trough. When ducks are If
a pound of sulphur is burned ina
"The third plot was treated just as
fed have meal moistened
they corn
poultry house no lice will remain --- -- ---
---
the first and the result was exactly the
several times and bowel disease
a day, as the gas evolved from it will destroyall
same. results, simply because too much THE IMPROVED
life. First all the cracks
stop
"Plots were laid off in the same wayas up VICTOR
water is forced upon them in the food.
and and when have
openings ready
Eau Celeste to try the modified Eau a
The fowls food
never resort to wet
hot pan placed on two bricks, pour the
which is somewhat
Celestet more
when kinds and thisis INCUBATOR
they can get dry ,
sulphur on the leave as quickly as
pan
expensive, but it has the advantage of Hatches Chickens by Steam.
that deserves
the leaves. This has a matter attention. possible and shut the door for an hour.If AlldOlutf'ly Nrifrcgulatlnf.tata. .
not scorching 8ImpJ
than .- done properly, the house will be I and cheajK-Nt tr'st-eIase haffltchet
reference -
more to egg plant to Ducks. locue In the market llrrulara fn'f\
tomato. The results were practicallythe purified of any disease that may exist I *cento? tiEO.EILTLL fc; CO.,< From thirty-five to forty ducks and and the lice destroyed. ,
same as is the case of Eau Celeste.
drakes are allowed in a pen. Keeping the fowls yarded on a town
"The increase of blight in this was as any raiser of cattle or horses. The
. Ducklings are marketed at five lot is no serious impediment in the way
science of is
only per cent. breeding just as applicable -
It seems from the tests that it is of pounds weight, which they should attain of making money from poultry. Do to poultry as to other farm stock,
but little use to spray the leaves only. in ten weeks. not make the mistake of keeping too but the majority have no thought of
moistened Crosses between the Pekin and many or too many kinds, for the
should be for
All stems thoroughly breeding especially eggs or the
Rouen duck have resulted satisfactorily smaller number with will
good care
and also the ground around the table.
the progeny being hardier than yield a greater per cent. of profit. Be
stem. The spread of blight is very That market bones produce wonderful -
the of either of the breeds.In have the warmth in winter and
young pure sure to
and it makes its results when fed
rapid as soon as appearance to poultry is indisputable
mating ducks, not above seven the shade in summer.
the entire plot should be ; the lean meat and gristle
allowed drake in the There should be
are to a begin- more care taken which
treated.A furnish elements form the whiteof
of the the that the fowls should have drink-
ning season more as
; (pure
word further as to the use of pot- the egg and 15 per cent. of the
weather grows warmer, until a dozenare ing water; this they cannot have from
ash on egg plant. We find that the yolk. The marrow and other fats on
application of four or five ounces of reached. old, filthy wooden troughs; tin, iron or the bone supply the remainder of the
Young ducklings will do well if allowed earthenware is much better. See that yolk.

*Eau Celeste is made in the follow- to range over the meadows and : it is kept in the shade in warm wea- -- ...--
ing manner: Dissolve two pounds orchards. They will get a large shareof ther, and let the supply be ever present
copper sulphate (blue stone) in a gal their living from grass, insects and and abundant. Never compel themto To Prevent Sitting.To .

lon of water. If the copper sulphateis grubs. drink water Ftanding in the barn- prevent hens from sitting, placea
powdered it will dissolve in cold Ducks can be profitably raised on yard. porcelain egg in the nest of each

water; if not pulverized, the water almost any farm. They will eat and Both a wild fowl and tame one become sitter, and allow no food but once in
should be hot. Add three pints of thrive upon food which would kill broody when they havE a nest two days, the food to consist of an

ammonia water; keep corked until chickens. They are not infested with full of eggs. On this theory it is con- ounce of lean meat. Let the hens

ready to use, then dilute to fifty gal vermin and not subject to disease.- tended by some that broodiness may stay on the nest two weeks, and then
lons. Southern Farm Gazette. be induced by the means of china eggs. place each hen in a coop with open,

JThis is made by dissolving two The Pekin duck is an excellent The eggs may be gathered from dayto lath bottom raised a foot off the ground,

pounds copper sulphate in water, as layer, and grows more rapidly when day, and yet the effect upon the and in two or three days there will be
stated above. Dissolve two and one- young, but it has one serious fault, visual organs will by and by make no intention to sit. If allowed to stayin

half pounds sal soda in same amountof which is its excitability. The slightest the hen conclude she wants to sit. the nest two weeks they will be re

water. When cool, mix the two noise may cause a panic at midnight The poultry breeder is often looked duced in flesh, and when they beginto

solutions, add two quarts of ammoniaand or at any time; with several upon as a crank, although he has bred lay will keep at it, as the resting for
dilute to fifty gallons. hundred together they can alarm a poultry as skillfully and intelligently two weeks will be beneficial.









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440 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JULY 11,

-

State News.W. Our Rural Home.

-
-

B. Makinson informs us that he Photo Holder. Talking
has shipped away from this point over Fur Our Rural Home;
5,000 alligator hides since the first A very pretty photo holder for the
day of May. This looks as though it center table is made of golden brownor Bicycles
won't be long before the alligators will dark blue velvet and lined with
be all killed out of this country.Osceola pale pink silk.
Gazette. Cut pieces of velvet and silk each

Constantly new industries and new 16x8 inches, and put two or three SEE THAT CURVE.
sources of wealth are being discoveredin layers of wadding, well sprinkled with
this section. The latest is a.demandfor sachet powder, between them. Turn
the "silver-top" palmettoes which in the edges and sew the outside and ..
grow on the coast islands. R. D. lining together.Fold ,
Hoyt, the Seven Oaks nurseryman, up 6j4 to form a pocket and
has found a market for them in Ger sew the sides together. Finish the
many and has already made one edge of the case and flap with a silk
IT'S QUALITY THAT AIDS THEM TO
cord.
shipment for which he realized a quite
satisfactory profit. One of CaptainW. before sewing the case together-
II. Adam's schooners is now down embroider a bunch of trailing arbutus TALK FOR THEMSELVESIT'S
the coast taking on another load, which and ferns on the flap and a few fernson
the lower edge of the with THE SCIENCE SHOWN THAT
will be shipped as soon as cured; and pocket,
orders have been placed for several Asiatic twisted embroidery silk or
loads .for future delivery. The pal- Roman floss. AIDS THE QUALITY.
metto is used in Germany for manu- Bows of pink ribbon may be used I
facturing purposes.-Tampa Times. for further decoration if desired.
ZOE RYMAN.Table .
The Miami Metropolis completely __.
--------41.
punctures the boom of the kola nut, Bibs.
so far as Florida is concerned. Mr. '
Graham has given the matter a thor- For Our Rural Hume. '19 l 1bs-ii1 -tiI1gs--19 l lbs.s
and thus Bibs are more convenient for children -
ough investigation, sums up
the facts : As to the possibility of than the troublesome napkin
Florida rivaling Africa in producingthe which is always slipping out of place.
Linen is the material usually used
kola nut we will say that we have
looked into the subject exhaustively, for such bibs and the decoration may
and it is out of the question. The be done with Asiatic silk or Barbour's **OGS cloys ot-.eocl of .1"l.e..1 cill."
kola tree will only thrive and produce embroidery linen.
in climate The bibs are cut square with a semi-
nuts truly tropical
a
good Art Catalogue i cents in Stamps.
where the atmosphere is always hot circular piece cut from the upper
and steamy. In Jamaica, where the edge. Tapes are sewed to the sidesof
conditions are far more favorable thanin this opening to tie around the KEATING WHEEL CO., HOLYOKE, MASS.
Florida, and where experimentshave child's neck.
One kind of linen used for these
been made on a large scale, both
bibs is woven in small checks, and the
by the government and by private in -- -- -- --- ----
dividuals the trees will but the decoration may be a cross stitch bor-
fruit is in, grow, der across the lower edge or all ignored by those alarmists who drawso hard mass, upon the outside of which
appearance a poor apologyfor harrowing pictures of the internal alone the it is
the African nuts and is lacking in around, as desired. digestive juices can act,
economy, representing the stomach more of the form of and
the virtues which make it so valuable.We Plain linen may be decorated in the a sponge, ex-
same way, or a border of fancy stitch- i and its contents as almost paralyzed poses a much larger surface to the ac.
found that there was a general. ing across the lower edge -may be I by the sudden congealing influence of tion of the gastric juice. Milk may
feeling of satisfaction existing among used. The designs may be selected the introduction of a mass of frozen also be made more digestible, and to
the pineapple growers as regards their from the Kate Greenaway figures or cream. Of course if this were so the many persons more palatable, if it is
crops. Although the yield is far short from Beecher Cox's Brownies. danger would be immense, for when first curdled by slowly adding a few
of what was expected, prices so far Flowers and initials are sometimesused the stomach is attending to its appointed drops of dilute hydrochloric acid to it,
have been good, and fields, especially but are not as well liked by the duties-actIvely engaged in the drop by drop, while stirring it well at
young ones, look very promising. In children as the quaint figures. process of digestion-it is a little fur- the same time. Water should also be
this connection it is well to remark RETTA. nace, and any tampering with its fires always sipped slowly and thoroughly
that there is a general tendency amongall results in the immediate discomfort of "chewed up" before swallowing.-
growers to improve on the old-time its owner and overseer. When you Popular Science News.Demorest .
methods of cultivation and marketing.This "American Poisons. deluge it with iced drinks you put out --..---
is noticeable particularly this sea The Frenchman, not without rea- the fires, and arrested digestion means
son from the amount of pines that are son, calls our iced drinks "American acute pain and much discomfort. for July.
being wrappped, and the care that is poisons." As a matter of fact, cool Don't ask it to do so much work when The Fashions are just what one
being used in packing. The old meth- spring water will allay thirst much bet- the thermometer goes above 80; then needs at this season, and everyone
od of hauling them in with a cart and ter than iced water; but it is very difficult the fires will not have to be so hot, who has ever used the patterns given
mule and dumping them out like a to convince those addicted to the and you will not suffer from what you with this magazine knows their in.
load of sand is now a thing of the iced-water habit of this fact. The feel is a consuming thirst.-From trinsic value and how practical theyare.
past. Every precaution is taken to grave harm caused by iced-water is "Summer Hygeine," in Demorest's Every number of Demorest's
prevent them from getting wet after'''I from swallowing it quickly and in Magazine for July. contains a Pattern Order which entitles
being packed, whereas the "old-timer" 'large quantities. If sipped slowly --....--- the holder to reliable. and. .stylish
would frequently turn a stream of wa- and held in the mouth for a moment, How to Drink flilk. patterns at- a merely nominal cost.
ter on them from a hose to "cool them the temperature is raised appreciablybefore The patterns that can be obtained
oft" That the dry system is best is it reaches the stomach, and its It is well known that milk curdles during a year on the Orders given
well demonstrated by the fact that cooling effects reach that part of the immediately on reaching the stomach. would, if purchased in the regularway
"pines received in bad order" is a body where they are most needed- :The most common reason why milk' cost at least from $50 to $75.
thing of the past. Strange how old- the head, throat and upper part of the does not agree with people is that they Everyone who will take the troubleto
time notions have to give way to improved chest. For this reason ice-cream is swallow it too quickly. If a glass of cut out this notice and forward it,
methods. With the natural much less dangerous than iced water; it is drank hastily, it forms one solid with ten cents, to the address below,
tendency towards advancement we are we eat it slowly, and it is not only en- curdled mass, very difficult of diges will receive a sample copy of Demor-
firmly convinced that greater remuneration tirely melted, but also perceptibly tion. If the same quantity is slowly est's Magazine, containing a Pattern
is in the future growing of warmed, before it enters the stomach. sipped, and well chewed, it will be so Order which entitles the holder to any
pines than has ever been in the past. This well-known fact, which every thoroughly divided, that, when it is pattern illustrated in any number of
I -Eden item in Florida Star. one can verify for himself, is entirely coagulated, instead of being in one the Magazine published during the .



1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 441

.

I entirely relieved of the lisping that affected will grow while you sleep. It will
A Disappointed Life. I have taken the
my speech. furnish shade for yourself or your
trouble to recommend the pills to an old s
children. It will enhance the valueof
WHY KICHAKI C.\1't'OIU: LEFT THE lady who is afflicted with paralysis. I

h HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.A have not seen her since she began taking your property. It will attract the

Story In Which There Seems u TiiiRe them, but her husband told me, just the eye of the tourist and encourage himto
of Fate-Mr Cay ford Stricken with other day, that she had been greatly ben- make a home here. It will destroythe
Paralysis, and yet She Ha Been efited them.
by of barrenness and in
a
Cured-The Residents of the appearance 1
Mission District Look Mrs. Cayford's friends are amazed at
the lack of
Upon It ai :i Miracle. her sudden recovery from such a severe measure supply green grassso ... LINE ,

from the Examiner, San Francisco, Cal paralytic stroke, and stand in wonder- missed by the stranger.

Residents of the Mission District of San ment while she repeats the story of her The water oak should be transplanted !

Francisco have for months been marvel- suffering and her cure. when in a dormant state, and
of Anna Williams' Pink Pills contain all the is most removed in Decemberor
ing over the peculiar case Mrs.:! safely
the wife of Richard Cayford elements necessary to give new life and its
Cayford, January. It would facilitate
who resides at 313 Seventeenth street. richness to the blood and restore shat- Shortest Quickest Most Attractive
tered nerves. They are sold in boxes growth wben transplanted to the village ,
and Mrs.
Several Mr. Cayford
took up years their ago residence in the Hawaiian, ([never in loose form, by the dozen or plat, if during the summer it was :ROU"TE

Islands, where Mr. Cayford, who i ia by hundred) at 50 cents a box, or six boxes dug around in its forest home and the
BETWEEN
himself dili- for 2.50 and may be had of all druggistsor severed foot from its
trade a blacksmith, applied mail from Dr. Williams'Medicine roots a or more FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
gently at his occupation, until at lengthhe directly by trunk and the severed parts cut THE
had, by reason of his haul work and Company, Schenectady, N. Y. with knife and '
smoothly a sharp ,
Florida Central and Peninsular
himself and family
frugality, placed upona covered with soil. Then when
had b l again
fair way to prosperity' lie gun
to look forward to the enjoyment of a last twelve months, at the uniform removed in the winter a mass of fine NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

quiet, happy life upon the beautiful islands price of four cents each ; and fre- rootlets would be ready to draw mois- 1 New York to Jacksonville by
l New Florida Pennsylvania It. It. to Wash-
of the Pacific, and in his fancy hud quently over thirty patterns are illus- ture, and the tree would make rapid anti iiurton, Southern Railway to

built for himself and his family a comfortable \ trated in one number, thus affordingan growth from the start. Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
Air LIue. Peninsular to all principal
little home nestled snugly
among almost unlimited variety to select in Florida.
The oaks alternated with an occa- points
of that distant
the deep and fragrant foliage :!-
from. Demorest is for $2a 1 Cincinnati to Harriman June-
published sional would also
him palmetto give a
with
; laud. His wife shared Cincinnati, tion by Queen & Crescent; ,
in the contemplation of the happinessthat year, by the Demorest Publishing pleasant relief to the eye. The palmetto I llarriiuau Junction to AbhoAalievilie -
the future had in store Fifth Avenue New & yule and Columbia by Southern -
apparently I Company, no should be transplanted as earlyas t Railway, and Florida
for them. She had arrived at the age at York.
December and all fibrous roots removed Jacksonville Central & Pl'IlSIlSulal'CulumJ -
which rest:: and contentment count for so --..- j to ,Jacksonville.Cincinnati .
l woman's life when she I II to within an inch or two of the to Jacksonville
i much in a was I Shade Trees. by
suddenly stricken with nervous prostration :: trunk root, and planted 6 to 12 inches Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
and Southern It'y to Ever-
ller 1 condition became very serious, Travelers passing over the Florida deeper than it stood in the field witha Florida}ette, Florida Central & Peninsular -

and her physician advised her that she Southern Railway have remarked the quantity of muck in the hole where Limited. to all important Florida

must leave the islands if she wished to beauty of Interlachen, situated in the points.
should also finda
planted. Magnolias Kansas City, Fort Scott &
her health. Acting this advice \ :
regain Mr. disposed upon of his busi- high rolling pine lands of middle place about the homes of the Florida Ialliias and City Memphis It.it.to Kansas: City
Cayford 1 to Birmingham Southern HTyto
with its clear blue ,
Florida
ness and removed to San Francisco. Mrs. deep water resident. It is a difficult tree to make Jack vil1e Everette, }<}a. Central &
Cayfurd improved slightly with the lakes that originally gave it the name live and had better be procured of the Thro' Line Peninsular to all Fla.} points.

change of climate until July, 18011):;, when of Blue Pond. One of the first worksof nurseryman and planted when small. St.Cairo Louis Short to Line Jacksonville to Uu Quoin by

she was stricken by paralysis of the left its settlers was to form a tree The Australian silk oak is another Holly Sp'gs I IItuute. Illinois Central to Holly SP'KH
arm and leg, and was entirely deprivedof association which f Kansas City, Memphis & Itirmingham -
planting com- beautiful tree for the street to Birmingham,Sou.
the of those limbs, having to be yard or ,
use J
of oaks It'y to Everette and F. C.& P.
the
menced planting water
husband the others.
carried about the house by her though not as hardy as
Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -
ieriod of two months. She was an evergreen tree, along its streets But it is a tree of rapid growth and 111. Cent. to Holly

treated\ for some a physician, but and avenues, and which are now will grow again from the root like the Holly Koute.Sp'gs}Sp'gs K., C. M. &' H. to Birmingham -
party Sou. It to Ei
y er-
relieve her.
he able to
was only into fine umbrageous shade .
grown if frozen. ette and the F. C. & 1'
She able to drag herself about the orange
was trees that make the village not inaptly Louis'ille & Nash'illo to Hive.
The different colored oleanders are
]house but there was no strength in either
New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
of the all-cted limbs.It called the "Forest City, and, with vigorous growers, and if kept in tree To }route with through sleepers

was; while she was in this condition its natural advantages, make it one of form add much to the beauty of the Jackso'villeThe Jacksonville.The between New. Orleans and

that she noticed in a paper the advertisement :: the most delightful spots for a winteror I
.
grounds.The F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
of Williams' Pink Pills. She deter summer home in all Florida, and medlar is not Florida running through the
only a
mined to get a box of them and try them, Japan Tobacco Unions,
thinking, as she said, that at least; she help to distinguish it from all other beautiful tree but bears delicious fruit. Stork Farming and Dairy Section,

could not bo injured by then Mrs. Florida villages as a winter resort and The cape jasmine is a beautiful Orange, Ilanana J'eachand and Strawberry l'inel'ltltle Country Lands, ,

Cayford tells:! of the relief she experienced I have led the proprietor of the Cloud- shrub but harbors the white fly Phosphate Hilt.

from the time she began takingthe I land Summer Resort to select it as the and should be sprayed as the orange. lias the Other Nilrrr Fine Spring Scenery and

pills, and her story is told in such a (future winter home in hotel or cottageof Homes and be made The Great Huntlny Country.
plain, straightforward manner that it is villages may Reaches the Noted Fishing (/rotoic/k.
given in her own words: his summer guests. The fore- beautiful by a little labor and fore- Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety
of the settlers in thus of soils in the State, and above all
"When I first began taking'illiams' thought early thought and it should be the summers

Pink Pills," said Mrs. Cayford, "I had aiding nature to make it one of the thought to prepare for individual or Runs Where over It Is the High Central and Healthy.Rldgeland

absolutely no strength in either limb of most beautiful and attractive spots in associated tree planting the coming Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
the left side of my body. The treat- all the Southland has been well rewarded winter. the best freight facilities for any produce to
ment of physician had partly relievedthe the Northern markets.
my
paralysisJut, \ after he \had applied all and gives a pleasing contrastto ... Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
Deafness Cannot be Cured free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MACDONELL.O.P.
his remedies I was still in practically a the hundreds of neglected villagesthat A ,

helpless condition.! Before I had taken might have been beautiful with by local. applications. as they, .cannot Jacksonville, Fla.
ono full box of the pills I began to feel a the same forethought of their founders reach the diseased- 1 portion' 01 the ear. -

return of strength in the limbs that had ; but which now have a cheerlessand There is only one way to cure Deafness Fla Cent. & Peninsular R. R.

been the so first long effect useless.of the Feeling pills upon reassuredby :me, I dreary aspect, uninviting to the and that is by constitutional rem- Offers to ShippersThe

purchased a second box, and continued passer by, or for winter homes. edies. Deafness is caused by an in- Shortest and Quickest Route

to take them until I had used six boxes, ) Another wise provision of the founders flamed condition of the mucous liningof BETWEEN

when the last trace of paralysis: : had left of this village was the planting of the Eustachian tube. When this FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

of my body limbs.and I You had cannot regained imagine the full how use orange trees on the building lots of tube gets inflamed you have a rum THE EAST AND WEST.

delighted my I was when I felt that my old the village, that those who purchasedand bling sound or imperfect hearing, and With Improved Ventilated Cars, this company -
time activity was returning. It remindedme made homes there need not wait when it is entirely closed deafness is i is better equipped than ever ever to
and
handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops,
of the days when I was so strong and the long years necessary to the growthof the result, and unless the inflammation insure close connections and prompt despatch

healthy at my island home. 1 do not the orange tree, to be able to pluckthe can be taken out and this tube re- to all Eastern and Western Markets.
know what stronger testimony I could Through cars to destination with-
fruit from their own stored to its normal condition hearingwill
golden delay.
out
give as to the merits of Williams' Pink change or
Pills:: than to say that they have restored premises. It is true these bearingtrees be destroyed forever ; and nine Perishable advised freight time followed passing various by wire Junc-and

mo to such a degree of strength that I were badly damaged by the cases out of ten are caused by catarrh, tion shippers points and arrival at destination.

do all my own work without the least frosts of 1894-95, but are rapidly which is nothing but an inflamed con- All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -

inconvenience,which is as much as 1 ever being restored and in a year or two dition of the mucous surfaces.We adjusted. marked
See that your goods are
did before I was stricken with paralysis. will again gladden the hearts of own- will give One Hundred Dollarsfor via F. C&PRR.
But that is not all. I almost forgot to
gay how the pills have relieved me of a ers or visitors with golden fruit. any case of Deafness (caused by For Information call on or address the undersigned -

certain hesitancy in speech, which has Interlachen is a pattern for other catarrh) that cannot be cured by !. C. E. TAYLOR: ;Trav.A'gt, Ocala,Fla.

troubled me for years. My tongue usedto villages who would make their towns Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu- W. n. TUCKER, Gen.A'g't* Orlando Fla.
O.M.HOLDEN.Trav. A gt Flaw
Leesburg
;
become 'thick, and I would lisp most attractive, and the advice of the lars, free.F. R. FULLER Trav.A'g't,Tampa, Fla.
dreadfully and could not help myself. I Or N.S. PENNINGTON,Traffic Manager,
Ruralist to all occupants of a townor J. CHENEY & Co., Toledo, 0. Jacksonville,Fla.
the
noticed that after I began taking pillsI
could talk more easily, and finally I was village lot is to plant a tree. It Ifiir Sold by Druggists, 75C. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Aft



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442 TUB FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JULY 11 1,


Grower. tion, of patient and careful growing to wet. We believe they have a profit- fashioned barter" for passes that you
Florida Farmer and Fruit
points. In other words, they show able future. As to chestnuts we haveno and I are agreed are not "free ?"

A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main that they are still in a transition peri- information worth mentioning.The Or course no honorable man would
Street. Jacksonville.Fla. od, (the Honey being a native of the people planted oranges-they accept a pass wi hout returning a full
Orient), not having yet adapted themselves did not plant chestnuts. As to equivalent in such cabbage as he mar-

TERMS OF! SUBSCRIPTION to their satisfaction to the cli- peaches, see editorial page this week. kets.

For One Year ............... ................12.00 mate and soil of Florida. As to irrigation, there are many Is it possible that items are thus
For Six Months........................ ..... 1.00 The well ripened and perfectly exposed situations in Florida where a moder- "bartered" that neither cares to
In Foreign Countries ...................II.. 3-o party
specimens, on a greenish-yellow ately expensive irrigation plant will see in an itemized bill ? Is it ? Is
:; Subscriptions in all cases cash in ground, have roving clouds of a color pay; in fact there are places where it it ?
advance. No discount allowed on one'sown I
subscription(except in a club), but to deepening from a sanded pink on the is hardly possible to raise a profitable I If not why are not "business trans-
all agents a liberal cash commission will margin to a fiery tropical red which shipping crop without it. A four-inch I actions" with editors, judges, law-
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby shows almost black in the middle under artesian well, say 225 feet deep, flow- makers, et al concluded exactly as
them. Write for terms. certain reflections. Size, above ing abour 300 gallons a minute, will they are with the farmer ?

To every new subscriber we will send, medium. Flesh white, splintered with cost about $300. The settler, how- An itemized bill of this "species of
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Gardening pink, changing to pink at the pit; ever, should be very certain of the old fashioned barter" would be very
in Florida." For two new subscribers juicy and melting. Stone small, profitableness of the
he intends to interesting
to
crop reading a good many
at $2.00 each, we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange deeply sutured and slightly one-sided, plant, based on neighborhood experience people whose passes cost 50 per mile
Culture." like the fruit. Flavor, vinous, for a series of years, and of his Spot cash in advance.

Rates of advertising on application. somewhat sweet, but sufficiently transportation facilities, before he DUDLEY W. ADAMS.
sub-acid not to leave a disagreeable spends any money on an irrigation 'Tangerine, Fla., July 6, 1896.
Remittances should be made check
by ,
after-taste in the mouth. A perfect
plant because there
of
postal note, money order or registered are plenty When we have said a thing and a
(freestone. Quality of the highest.
good chances to make without
fetter to order of money man understands it, we are not in the
When Florida shall produce enoughof
any irrigation whatever.
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER habit of saying it again. We have
such peaches to secure C. L. trans- ---...-_
cleared skirts and have noth--
Jacksonville Fla. our own
portation rates-and now is the op- Riding on a Pass,
Editor Farmer ing more to say on the subject. Our
portunity of a lifetime, while the mo- and FruitGrower.In
brethren of the able to de-
CONTENTS.GROVE nopoly of the orange is temporarily criticising what I said about press are
themselves.
Fend
broken-her future as a peach-growing riding on a pass you say that "a passis
will be secured. Will not a clear gift the -
AND ORCHARD-The LeConte Pear- region she do on part of the
Shipping, Canning, Cooking, etc.; Pear it ? railroads"That is the gospel truth. Silver and Fiatlsm.
Blight Nails and Perry; Peaches from 1* 4S To speak of a "free" pass is incorrect.I Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
South Florida...... ...... ................. 435 Information for Settlers. did not use that term-I intention The article by Mr. Driscoll on Silver -
Humus in Relation to Soil Fertility; Pear and omitted the word and Fiatism in issue of
Editor Farmer Fruit-Grower: ally free. Railroadsdo your June
Blight; Facts for Fruit Growers..... .... 436
Letter from Major Campbell........... ..... 437 Myself and a number of others ex not knowingly issue "free passes." 27th and your comments on the same,
FARMER AND TRUCKER-The Radish; EggPlant pect to come to Florida in Novemberto You say the "acceptance of a passis togethtr with your article Silver and

................ .... .......... ....438 make it our home. We wish a location a business transaction," "it is a Paper in the FARMER AND FRUIT
POULTRY-Natural Food for Poultry; Ducks; far enough south to be reason- species of old fashioned barter." Yesit GROWER of June 13th, move me to

State Poultry News Notes.. .;..To.. ..Prevent.. ... .. Sitting... ................. 439 440 I ably exempt from frost, thus enablingus is "business", it is barter", there is make a few remarks.
OCR RURAL HOME-Photo Holder; Table to get an early crop into market.At no doubt about that. That is why You say : "Silver has become so
Bibs; How To Drink Milk; Demorest for the same time we do not wish to the railroads issue passes to people of abundant and so unstable in value

July.... .... ....................... .. ....... 440 get so far into the state that transpor- influence. that the fiat element must necessarilyenter
Shade Trees ........... ................... .... 441 tation would When do into it
all business
charges eat up we they with me largely as a circulating
EDITORIAL-The Oviedo Peach; Informationfor would get from our produce. and other humble uninfluential individ-- medium." This is an error. The cause
Settlers; Riding on a Pass; Silver and
Piatism .... .......................... ..... 442 Would the orange, pineapple, uals it is done very difftrently.Vhen of the depreciation of silver is sole-
Markets; Notes........................ ......443 peach, lemon, lime, etc., thrive in the I sell them anything I make out an ly due to its being demonetized. The
Weather and Crops; Some Experience in vicinity of Lakeland ? itemized bill in which every item is abundance of the metal has never affected -
Florida; Spray Thoroughly or Not at all; Can Japan plums be made a profit carefully named and the exact price its value while it has had free
Tobacco in the Cuban Colony ............ 444
able in Central Florida ? carried out. When the bill is it coinage. This would seem an absurd
crop
paid
Reforms Needed; State Items .... .......... 446
Miscellaneous Farm Items........ ...... ...... 448 Has any one ever tried chestnuts in is receipted and that"business trans- statement at first sight, but "a single
Florida ? If so with what success ? action" is closed. Before I can rideon fact is worth a million theories." The

I am a great believer in irrigation ; a train I go to their agent and pay facts are that in 1848 there were 31
Weather in Jacksonville. what do you think of it for Florida ? in spot cash $1.25 for pass on whichI tons of silver to one of gold and in
Week Ending July 6, 1Sg6 Should it pay for such crops as are can ride 25 miles and not one mile 1890 there were only 18 tons of silverto

sa.- IIa t:2:. .sl... .:: ..:. raised for the early market, as straw- more. They will not take my cabbageand one ton of gold, according to Mul-!
DATE as_ a M as M: t:2 11II: u ha o berries, cukes, tomatoes or lettuce ? potatoes in "barter" as they do hall the London statistician.I .

--- -QO -QO -:s -a What does it cost (average) to sinkan yours. If they bring some freight for also desire to say a few words on
June 30.... ..... 78 81 91 74 17 82 .0 artesian well ? me they make out an itemized bill "fiatism," so called. I consider the
... ...
July I. 78 78 9o 73 17 82 .3S
July z........ 76 78 86 73 13 80 .06 HENRY WATERMAN. showing each article carried, whenceit idea of"basing" paper money on the
July 3.... ..... So Ro 88 75 13 82 T Massachusetts.In
other valuable
and the of metals or
came exact precious
July 4.... .... 80 80 8R 72 16 80 .19 amount any
July 5.... .... 79 75 8S 74 14 81 .19 the vicinity of Lakeland all the charges. This I must pay in spot thing, one of the most singular and
.. ....
.
July 6. 78 76 87 73 14 80 .42 fruits mention thrive but the fallacies and
.- -- - you pine- cash. Cabbage and potatoes will not destructive superstitious
Mean........ 78 78 R. n IS 81 .1.,,, apple, the lemon and the lime would do from me. of this age. I know you will think I

-Total rainfall.A.. J. MITCHELL, O server. need some protection, especially when That is "business"-"straight busi am non compos when I say this, and

-....--_ young, unless you find a situation ness." when I first heard it spoken of I
The Oviedo Peach. 'vith very complete water protection. Now to a common plowjogger or thought the very same thing of the
Before the freeze the cultivation of squash head it is not clear why as a man who proposed it. But I think
Mr. W. D. Griffing, of Macclenny, citrus fruits was much more profitablethan "business transaction" they issue differently now from what I did a few

sent to our office a basket of this fine that of deciduous fruits; and ina passes for indefinite services, to edit. years ago. Let the government issue

variety of peaches, which, as our readers general way, the citrus fruits ors of papers, judges of courts, mem- paper money good to pay all debts,
know, is one of the numerous seed- were more profitable the fur- bers of legislators, etc., as they do pnblic and private, and that is all the
lings of the Honey. There is a ten ther one went south, within certain when not prohibited by law-and take people will ask and all they need.

dency in the seedlings to "breed out"or limits. As to transportation, the pay in their cabbage and potatoes in What in the world do they want of
minimize the suture of the parent great point is to take up one's abodeat indefinite quantities and qualitiesIt money but to make purchases with

fruit, but the Oviedo exaggerates, if a point which has the benefit of would be very interesting to see and good for all taxes? And it will
anything, another of its eccentricities, competing lines ; this is much more the balance sheet of one of these "bus- not matter to them whether there is
that is, the terminal unilateral bulge. important than the difference of a hun- iness transactions" between an editor any gold or silver money in the worldor

The lack of uniformity in this feature, dree miles one way or the other. and a railroad or between a judge or not. Don't say 'The United States

however, shows that the Oviedo like No deciduous fruits or nuts have lawmaker and a railroad.In promises to pay;" that was borrowed of

most other Honey seedlings, althougha been grown and marketed on a scale dealing with editors, judges, law- the old banking wild cats. Say on
prepotent fruit, still retains a certain of any importance in Central and makers, etc., why is "business" doneso the bill simply, "This note is a legal
semi-savage irregularity with its force. South Florida-the, orange monop- differently from what it is with a tender for all debts and receivable for
None of the Honey seedlings can yet olized everything. Japan plums do farmer? What sort of cabbage and all public dues." $60,000,000 this

be called thoroughgrown ; they still require well almost everywhere in the State potatoes do editors,judges,lawmakers, sort of money was issued by the

several years, perhaps a genera- except where the soil is too flat and etc., deliver "in this species of old United States on the 17th of July,








.--. 0 __ 0' ,_ _



skfW













1896..4 THB FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 443

----- -
-

1861, and it was never below par with New York Markets. THE


gold.Is. Domestic-Fruits. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA
not a fiat paper dollar as a goodas Pears-LeConte have been plenty and

a fiat paper bond? favoring buyers; most recent sales at ,

Why don't the government "base"its $3.00 to 3.50 per bbl. with poor lower; JACI SONVJLL L;.
only large and fine reach 100. Cratesare
bonds on metal? It may be well hard to sell. The Oldest National Bank in the State.

enough for a private corporation man Peaches-An unusually liberal supplyof

aged for private gain to be compelledto common early sorts from Maryland CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.

"base" its notes on something for security and Delaware. A few of extra size and By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
color bring fair prices-say $1.00 per strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
,but for a nation to be compelled crate and 75c. per basket, but most of the buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms,drawing our own
to do so is as absurd as it would be and rot drafts on all parts of the world.
is common as they
supply very We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
to base its interest-bearing debts on quickly receivers refuse no reasonable favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention

metal. And by the why does offers. Quotations cover most sales. Receipts -
way, JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
from farther south have been
the keep a big gold
government up moderate and of irregular quality. Fancy President. Cashier.Safe .
reserve at an enormous cost aud allow -
varieties and firm utmost
largo are scarce Boxes For Rent.The
the national banks to base their of the lots of desirable variety are Deposit .

notes on U. S. bonds, which said showing; defects in size or condition and -

bonds are "based" on nothing in the for imperfect fruit there is a slow outletat aggregate of live stock shrinkages Bradley Itedjleld. Eugene D. RedJUld.

world but the good faith of the government easy prices. Florida Elberta, 4-till from 18'JO to 1896!) shows up as follows: I ESTABLISHED 1871.

and the American ? carrier $1.25 to 1.75. In hogs $57,000,000; in sheep, 35,000- a
people Muskmelons[ Most of the receipts are REDFIELD & SON
000; in cattle, $52,000,000; in horses, ,
This is a nice piece of consistency, to still inferior and very hard to sell; few $478,000,000; in mules, $79,000,000; in all

be sure. If the government's good North Carolina lots exceed $1.00 to 1.50 about $700,000,000, or 30 per cent. This I i Commission MerchantsAND

faith is sufficient to support an interest per bbl. and few Charleston barrels go would be about $10 a head for every man il -

debt it is mighty thatit above $1.50 to 2.00, or baskets above 50 woman and child in the country, or if I
bearing queer to 75c. Choice stock is, however, inquired divided among the farming population Fruit Auctioneers
won't do it for debt that does not .
a for and brings fair prices. where the bulk of the loss rests, it will ,

bear interest. Please let some of Watermelons-Southern shippers seem be seen that the shrinkage has a broad I 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

your "instrinsic value" chaps explain to have anticipated a phenomenal de- and financial significance This is more !I
mand for the Fourth of July holiday. We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
national debt and the
this. Space will not permit my elucidating than half the I either at private sale(which has heretofore been
this matter further at this time, They have loaded us with melons to the shrinkages in other prpjieily will bringit our custom)or by the auction system (recently
tune of 231 carloads in the four days up to the cost of the civil war. added' to our business)as you may desire.
but I can assure all who may think I ending, and the market has been literally I

am simply a crank on this subject thatI swamped. Prices declined under the Fewer Texas cattle will l IIC fattened in I I

can produce abundant reasons and excessive receipts until the best allrailcars the north this year than usual, 1 first: because -

authorities on all I advance. :) were bought at $150 and ordinarylots there are fewer Texas cattle, :and \ 'Y lorida
down to $100, while few of the second, because there is more Texas Lands

W. C. GREEN, steamer receipts showed condition good grass. The rains have been seasonableon I

enough to exceed $100; some common the cattle ranges of Texas and the Orangesc
Orlando, July ist, 1896. steamer lots sold down to $75. The low forage good. Every pound of beef made

prices ruling will average very little at home adds so much wealth to the *
-
--- -------
---
-- -
-- -- --- --- '
more than the freight charges. Toward State. esorts
flarkets.JACKSONVILLE the close however the movement has '-'

been freer and with warm weather and The Omaha Bee estimates that the Ne- nvestments

reduced accumulations there is now an braska farm crops this season will be

effort to raise prices a little; a few extra worth $100,000,000, and it calls attentionto

FLA., July 10. cars are held above quotation today. the fact that the products of the silver I Developments
Egg Plant-Florida barrel,2.00 to 3.00; mines of the whole country will full I Inooooooo
FKUITS AND I'1t()1)UCE. half bbl. box, 1.00 to 1.50. Tomatoes, $10,000,000 short of the Attractions

Corrected by Marx Bros. Florida, carrier, 40 to C5c; Mississippi, products of the Nebraska farms alone. --J Address.G. : ,
.
Extra choice 40 to !95c.) FKENCII & Co. From this it appears that the value of a s'(.,
These are average quotations. .. product bears no relation to the amount ; D. ACKERLY,
lots fetch prices above top quotations while poor
Pittsburg Market. of noise the producers make over it! If GENERAL PASStfJCER AGENT,
lots sell lower.
..... ...... ..... the wheat growers yelled as loud in proportion -
Pears I.e Coute, bbl i.oo to 1.50 are offering in some quantity. THE TROPICA!.UWN:< LIthE
Peaches,carrier.... ... .. ....... ... 1.2510150 Pineapples:: and wasting as the silver miners the average
Grapes,crate.. .......... .... ........ 1.25101.50 Cubas are arriving in soft citizen couldn't hear himself think. J. T:'.t'JC LC I'lC"H',ISOMERS
Melons..... .. ...... .. .. ...... .. .. .... .8 to .10 condition and are being pushed to t *
Cauteloupes bbl. Scarce .. ...... a.00102.50 ealo at low prices. Floridas of finer -- -- ---
Pines. crate .... .... ..... ........3.00103.50 but The fact was brought out in the recent
l.l'10IlS.Iessilla., box............... 300 quality are selling steadily slowly, I celebration in Tennessee that BROTHER & CO.
English Peas dried bu... ...... .... 1.50 their higher relative value to a great ex- centennial I-rrTHuUnGII, I-A.
Peanuts best brand...... ............. .4 ft to .sf tent curtailing sale:: An overabundance the capacity of the iron furnaces in the
Cabbage. Florida bbl .... ........ 1.50 fruits of all kinds is State alone is now greater than was tIn Fruits and ProduceReceive
:
domestic :
.... of cheap
..
Potatoes Western bbl...... .. 1.40 of all the furnaces in the United
b-nrelluts.: ................ I 25 also seriously interfering with the profitable capacity and sell in car load Iota and smaller
Florida 5 not wanted.. ........ disposal of Pineapples. Pineapples, States at the breaking out of the civil quantities,all Pnxlucta( of the Orchard.Garden j
Ouiuus, New Florida,crate.. ... ..... .00 Florida crate 4.00 to 5.00; half-crate war. Tho South is an empire in itself. Dairy:Hennery and rm.
,
,
per
bushel sack. .. *
I.n
at bbl Egyptian..... >.2.. ...... .. ...... 2.50 2.00 to :3.00; Cuba, i per crate, 3.00 to 4.00. aa Scud f Itt'pou-l'pt"'I1 r our little! book.Kefcri'uce-"Suggestions,btcuclU to,Shippers etc.,all free., Market
Eggs.-...........-. .--. toVEUET411tLEa Egg plants, La., crate, 2.00 to 2.50. Can- Says Dan to Jo, "I just:: don't understand I Inquiries i and Correspondence Invited.

teloupcs, Fla., crate, 2.50 to 3.00. Green all about this silver question:: then -- -

AND 1'OULTKY. Corn, bushel, 1.00 to 2.00. Melons, is so much talk about. What do they .. .. .
..... .
... ... &&&
.........
Corrected by Davis& Robinson. large, per 100, 25.00 to 30.00. mean by 10 to 1 ? .......... ...
SOMEUS, Duo. & Co. Scys Jo to Dan "I can tell you just f.

Yellow Yams .40 what it means It means, if you have : QUICK WORK,
to -
Potatoes, 40 "
Sweet
Hubbard squash, 1.50 Prof. Frank Parsons:; of Boston, esti- one silver dollar you get sixteen." In selling and paying for Fruits and Vegetables -
I.ettuce.doz.. to .30 the fare from New York to "Why, I am in favor ofthat, says Dan shipped to us is our motto. WK
Celery.. ......... ........--. .30 to .40 mates that could be reduced to 50 cents under # GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Chicago
Plants 2.00 FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
Egg
Tomatoes, crates. 50 to 1.00 national ownership of the railroads. Prof. Langley says his flying machine BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
,bu. .-.. i.oo reduction is that manufacturers unmaking experience without defaulting
Sweet completed,
Pepper enormous by our
He reckons an 40 years
..... ......... .... to upon
Green Beans.crate .50 .75 abolishing the salaries of j oilers for building rights and that ; H dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
I of by
Turnips,bunch .0310 ,06 expenses financial stability which any bank or
Pumpkins, to .10 many presidents: and other officers, abolition he expects to see it put to commercial merchants having mercantile reports can
Kershaws to .10 of dividends, cutting off legal expenses uses within a year. Man having made verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
Parsley l ,per doz. bunches to .10 and by means of consolidation' himself master of the land and the sea, METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
onions doz. bunches....... .15 to .25 for quotations. Stencil and
per our
Green name
hot bushel...... ............. 1.50 and uniformity throughout. is about to add to his domain a territory your cards, free. letters piomptly answered
Pepper well cured, lb..................... .25 equal to them both. With the uunquwst t
Sage '
....... ......-..-...... 30 be indeed "monarch of -
Hens .... -........... 25 The Indiana Farmer makes the following of the air he will FRENCH & CO.,
Roosters.Iialfgrown...-.....-........... .. ..... .15 to .20 appeal: "If any of our readers all he surveys," and he will survey a
piteous
pound,gross......_.... .1o to .12 labor that great deal more than ever Alexander 116 Warren St., New York.
Turkeys per
of the surplus
Ducks............_. ........... .25 to ..30Geese. can use any Selkirk did.
-35 crowds our streets it would be a mercy to ESTABLISHED 1855. < >
New Beets, per .- .... .40 to .75 send for it. There are hundreds, if not < >
Water Cress,per doz. bunches ... .None. thousands, of idle workmen in the city There are $400,000,000 capital invested

Cauliflower doz bunches.... ...........Isoue. -25 vainly looking for something to do. in the manufacture of bicycles, and 3- ,
Leeks is
per ..10 to .20 There is nothing here for them and their' 000,000 in use.: The selling price $100
Radishes per in New York and other
to .75 will work for but John Wannamaker has bought one Many people
Cucumbers New Potatoes per barrel...... .... 1.50102.50Spinach condition is pitiful.than They food and shelter. hundred thousand at $25: apiece, whichhe cities nave been almost starving, while
bushel scarcely more which leaves have been selling not far dis-
per to sell at $20, potatoes
to 06
Florida Send for them if can possibly give proposes
you
Salsify Cabbage dozen bunches.,......... .25 to .30 From sources him $1 margin on a wheel. Within the tant at ten cents a bushel. The price of
per them employment. many .
to 1.00 last month prices have been cut in two, transportation, however keeps just the
Plums per Squash. crate..............- .50 to -75 comes evidence that the laboring classesare wheels will whether ten cents or a dollar
Summer the south than and the margins on the $25 same
2.0010300 condition in
bbl in better ::
Cantaloupes Lima Beans,quart doz.......... ........ ? to .10.10 in the north. I I not bear many losses or much advertising bushel. s.<.>-c',-.<-,:
Green Corn per







-. -...--.. '. -..-.. ,- -, - - --. <
-



444 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GBOWEB. JULY 11,



WEATHER AND CROPS. ground is getting exceedingly wet; begun to use the fungiroid, my attempts 1 I I

corn is not good in this part of : to raise tomatoes have been
For the Week Ending July 6th. the country; cotton very little failures. For the first three or four I' Successfulgrowers

The following reports from corre- riuit( on it yet but is puttingon years, I had from one acre to four

spondents throughout the State show some more than it has been; it hasa acres planted to tomatoes, but never

the condition of the crops and the very fine weed.-W. B. Black. raised enough to furnish myself with of fruits, berries,

progress made during the past week. Molino\ -Almost daily showers; tomatoes to eat. I did not know and all kinds of vegetables,

Amelia-No rain this week; it is generally light; cloudy and bright sun what was the matter, but supposedthat know that the largest yields and
much needed for young plants whichare between times; corn crop all that cane it was some fault of mine somewhere
best produced by
drying-up badly.-C. H. Jacques. ) asked between the Escambia and ; so every year, I would try quality are
Archer-Weather favorable for all Perdido rivers in this section; large again with the same result. Whenwe the liberal use of fertilizers

crops except cotton. Very few pears; potato crop planted; pears promisit.g found what was the matter, I containing at least 10% of

mostly destroyed by blight. Native and will soon be ready to ship.-Wm.I. bought a powder gun and the Fungi-1,.
peaches quite abundant. Cotton needs [ Trimmer. roid, with the result that I kept the Actual Potash.Without

more sunshine.-Wm. C. Andruss. Myers\ The rains have been local; vines free (from black rot, and raised, I.i .

favor- from a little over an acre, cratesto
Bradfordville Weather quite and 250
sweet potato cow pea planting the liberal use of Pot.
able for crops. :Many sweet potatoes goes on where soil is in suitable con ship, and as many more rotted on
being put out. :Many pears being dition; the watermelon crop in these the ground because it did not pay to ash on sandy soils, it is jmpos-

shipped. The pear season is a weekor parts suddenly ceased to be by reason i ship them. sible to grow fruits, berries and

ten days earlY.-John Bradford. of excessive rains; vegetables in the This year, the fight with the rot has vegetables of a quality that will
been a harder one than last 'ear-for
Bristol-The season continues good. gardens are very scarce now; pineapples command the best prices.
Sugar cane and sweet potatoes prom- ripe; citrus family growing nicely; reasons unknown to me-but we have .. .
again raised the t tomatoes the Our pamphlets are not advertising circulars booming
though
,
ising. Cotton poor. Gardens a fail mangoes begin to ripen; guavas de- social) fertilizers, but are practical works,containing .
ure.-J. D. McAlily.Buda \ veloping well.-M.\ M. Gardner. vines are not so free from the rot as I latest researches; on the subject of fertilization,and
free for
would like to see them. are really helpful to farmers. They ar: seut
rain Pensacola Seasonable showers. the askiu?.
29th light
-Heavy on ; My[ reason for saying that I like it GERMAN KALI WORKS
Fodder Market flooded with farm Nassau St.,New York.
local showers daily. pulling products. I y3
least on potatoes, is simply that the I
4 weather unfavorable for Pears for shipment. Corn
has begun, but nearly ready '
de\vr does not stick to them as it does:
saving it. Prospect good for fine crop developing perfectly.=Thos. Me Mil to the tomatoes. The powder itself Right in Sight
of hay. Sweet potato planting about an. I I
seems to work as effectively in killing Sure Saving Shown
Weather the week much
finished. past Plant We
City- are getting more the black rot on the potato as on the
cooler and very pleasant.--Proctor. rain than we can utilize. 4.28 inches tomato. We'll send you our General Catalogue
and Guide, if
thunderstorm this week and inches for Buyers yot
16.44
June.It
Earnestville-Heavy .
There is another disease of the to- send us 15 cents in stamps. Tha
The heat and moisturecause rains often that kill
the so we cannot
on 27th. or am
mato vine here, loosely called blight, pays part postage expressage
a great growth of vegetation. any grass or weeds except smother which the Bordeaux mixture keeps off idlers.
-J. B Dobell.EmersonThe. them. All growing crops doing well, dry or It's a Dictionary of Honest Values
wet, does not seem to prevent, but Full of important information ni
wind on the ist blew such as peas, sweet potatoes, sugar
the ammoniacal solution itha where Pages
put on \\ matter you buy. 700
down cornand rains have caused some cane and goobers. Nothing to hinder spraying pump, seems to give new 12,000 illustrations: tells of 40,00
to scald. Cotton is growing, but no but weeds.-Wiley Stinson. life to the plants.-E. S. Hubbard in articles and right price of each. On
in its Switzerland-Showers but profit only between maker and usei
improvement fruiting. Cropsare no gene Rural New Yorker.
much rain that ral rain. Sweet being Get it.
getting grassy; so potatoes put *t't*
& CO.
MONTGOMERY ARD ,
cannot be kept clean.-W. J. out and a few cow still being
they peas Spray Thoroughly or Not At All.I 111-116 Michigan\ Ave., Chicago
Clarke. sown. Orange trees booming.W.
Eustis-Generally showery and good C. Steele. should say that fully half the ,

growing weather. Melons being ship- Tarpon Springs-Everything spraying which I have seen in wes-
but not prices pro- tern New York in the last two or II
ped bringing good ow- gressing favorably.-C. I\Vebster.. I I IJJ
ing to freight charges. Figs are ripe, A. J. MITCHELL, three years is a waste of time and ma- i I : 1
and grapes plenty and cheap, and Observer. terial. Squirting< a few quarts of, .

good quality.-H. ,V. 0. Margary.\ water at a tree as you hurry past it is j

Georgiana- One feature of our not spr ying. A tree is thoroughlyand
Some Experience in Florida. when it is The St. Louis Convention
honestly sprayed wet
has been the absence of
summer mos- We with I I It seems to have been too one-sided to suit someeOple.
are gardening tomatoes all over, on all the branches and on
quitoes until June 20th, and not very It's just so with the Page fence-the Combined -
and potatoes as the principal crops. both sides of the leaves. An insector opposition can't excitement enough to
bad at any time since.-Jas. H.White. make it interesting. When the best farmers, park
My opinion so far as I have used is killed until
dry a fungus not the poi- men and railroads/ all unite on one fence it's bound
Huntington-We had heavy rains Bordeaux mixture-two years-is thatit son is placed where the pest is. Bugsdo to win.PAGE.

the first, moderate the middle, and is most effective on the tomatoes not search for the poison, in order WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian,Micb.
very little the last of the week. All and least on the it that
potatoes, though they may accommodate the or-
crops looking and doing well.-Benj. kept my potatoes free from black rot chardist by committing suicide. The
(r
N. Bradt. sufficient to produce a good crop as one spot which is not sprayed may be I

Jupiter-The last of the pineapplecrop potatoes go here. My practice is to the very place where a bud moth is

is being shipped. Watermelonsand start about daylight, and dun until getting his dinner. On the other i for them -

vegetables continue plentiful.J. .- the dew is pretty well dried off; then hand there are many fruit growers get the ni!, plant

\V. Cronk. stop and wait until the next day. who spray with great accuracy, and -9 th ni. Tlu'\ arc the

Lake Butler-Honey peaches and Where tomato plants are large, they are the ones who will get the where stun ;
other varieties are now ripe.-John A. thrifty and yellow, and growing vigorously fruit.-Prof. L. H. Bailey. planter? in the world. '
King. it the day is still and the 1Vh, t her you plant jU otuare| feet

Lake City-Crops are all doing weather not too dry, the dust will The tobacco plant is cut down sev- of bay(ground t- F rrj'8 or Herd 50 acres Annual, you for should M)6,
well will be but stick. But I like to see it on the eral times before its full yield is gath Tix most t \aluutlf book for far
; corn crop good, not mers and gardeners ever given
as heavy a yield as in '95; owing to plants; so I dilute the powder about ered. Each time that it is cut it will away. Mailed free.
frequent but moderate rains flat woods twice and put it on so that it shows. I send forth a new shoot from a lower D. PI. FEKIIY fe Co.. ,
Detroit,Mick.
crops are above the normal.-W. B. use flour for the dilution, as it is easiest eye. Much of the first cut of the to-
Knight. to get here; but plaster, if finely bacco here has been made, and the

Limona-Continued rains ground and free from lumps, wouldbe second crop is coming on finely. The

day with cloudy weather has every kept preferable.As leaves that are now in the curing !I popularity! and good prices. The indications -
to the intervals between dusting, house, in the opinion of the experts '. are that there will be an unusually -
everything Pratt. growing amazingly.-E. E. if no rain comes, I dust about every here, are fully equal in every way to 1 large per cent of the crop in

10 days. My own land is so subjectto the Cuban product, and it is certainlya wrappers. The yield of the experimental -
Marianna-Weather has been favor- black rot, that I keep the powder revelation to those who i have had crops so far has been ten

able for all crops; corn looks well, gun going, with intermissions of only small tobacco patches here in the thousand pounds, which is now in

but the drougth in April and May\ cut three or four days, all the season. If past. Thn success thus far has exceeded the warehouses, and it is estimatedthat

it about one-third; cotton, corn and rain comes sufficient to wash off the the most sanguine expecta- the September crop, includingwhat

potatoes are doing well; have had powder, of course, the job must be tions. The fineness and firmness of the company and the farmers
rains every few days.-W. J. Watson done right over. the leaf and its
susceptibility to a high raise, will amount to fully two hun-
McAlpin\ -Rain, rain every day, I have owned my place for seven polish, together with its tendency to dred thousand pounds.-Ft. Meade

and some very hard rains; the t years, and until last year, when I first run to light colors, insures for it great; item in Florida Citizen.




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a '( -o'.. ::-. ;;:,-; ; ; -:-'--=<_-:_,'";.._,..'.:..'.'...=:'..;..: .. ..,..::;c,_;. :< __-_:' ..'. =._.:.".i==;" j T
'" =- '
-- ::;:: = ;::- j? :":-cl. -


WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF EVERY KIND OF




f P pRINTING AND BOO!{ MAKIN.;



Pricey Reasot:1able.: : rite us. ....


CHAS. W. DaCOSTA
Manager, .


Jacksonville, Florida.tsns. .., :".'Y.:.
,,
:'I:,:"},.
-
; "
I+ 41 .__d." .:;p-o{_: .:c.. .



THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JULY 11,



noil' SALE-Parson Brown buds from
EVEtt TIME MAS ITS S0t 0WSthe. HOME GROWN L( trees budded for us in 1876, by Capt. Car-
ney, guaranteed by him to be from the parent
his sitcre tree. Said trees are quite full of fruit many of
: l. PATRICIAN CRACKAJACK II thand ladies i favorite hem! showing little damage from the freeze.
Pineapple Slips Price five dollars per thousand, July 1st. Ad.
110 "TRIISD TIIVII3' TEl\IPER"; dress Capt. F. II. Lytle,

...... More than all the rest. E. J.Lytle.
7-4-4 Stanton on Lake Weir, Fla.
and SuckersOf i _____ _
.
I.iOK TIIK: TRITE] CUNNINGHAM ORi. -

rs the Following Varieties ange send$5.00 per 1000, 75 cents per 100
((500 at 1000 rate), to J. R. Cunningham Rl: Do-
I ado, Fla.
--- -- -------
Fort SALE: jjj.tNTID-111(1( to 200 Colonies, P.eesT

T to work upon shares, or will buy out-
AnnAKA PORTO Rico EGYPTIAN right upon one years time, if price islow. Ten
( years' experience in Florida. My last crop was
000 pounds. Correspondence !solicited.' A.
QUEEN GOLDEN QUEEN: RIPLEY SZ
F. Brown, San Mateo, Putnam Co., Fla.

QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PEUXAMBUCO 7-4-3

AND RED SPANISH. })UIH'OU())) !I-Leonardy 1'omelo, which
J is the best pomelo that I know of; Hart's

Apply to Tardiff, Jaffa, Malta Blood, Med. Sweet and
Mandarin. Rye or sprig buds, good quality and
YrMrc'iS.i G. C. MATTHAMS, guaranteed true and satisfactory. Cyrus W. Butler -

I Florida Pineapple Company, St Petersburg. Fla. 6273B111)IVOODTANGERINUIILO01)NA

Or to ; -

HADDOCK & MATTHAMS, also limited quantity Burbank Juicy Plum. $5.00;

West Palm Beach, Fla per looo, prepaid. Summit Nurseries, Monti-
..
r cello Fla. 6-27-3WONDERFUL
------ --- -- ----
------- -
J I'1 tS. (Hasting)
and chemicals. It is bringing to not prepaid. Peck,

It is built on a gold basis, and is one of the Everlasting kind, for"in union there is ; Tampa already $2,000 a month, and 4oc. ;Z Bushel Armour, $1.50, Panasofikee June planting, Fla. succeeds 6-20-3 bestA.

strength," also beauty of design and perfection of markmanship. is expected soon to bring $4.000.

There arc a few other makes as {rood, but None Hotter, they can't be made. POI SALE. 2.i ACRE LE CONTE
Ride The Florida Niagara Vineyard Com- j Pear Grove, trees set twelve years; right on
a Ora-OlcnjaLok IIAnd the railroad. Five acaes of it in the corporate

pedal through life easy, it's the next thing to flying, so join the Bird Gang. pany are pushing their grapes into the limits of Monticello, Fla. Box 524, Jacksonville,
various southern markets this in Fla.

J. W. INGRAM, Agent, Jacksonville, Fla. stead of sending them indiscriminately year ANCY AND COMMON PINEAPPLE
F
through the north as has been the plants. Forty acres to select from. Also
pineapple and lemon land on R. R. with beautiful -
Reforms Needed. practice. :Mr. O. F. Winkleman went river front. James Holmes, Jensen, Fla.5303m.
cording to the measure of their meansso
to Birmingham, Ala., S. G. Dolive to
helping those to get a living. : CAYENNE PINEAPPLE
DEAR SIR-Kindly: send my paperto Augusta, Ga., Geo. Barker to Macon, SMOOTH from large fruiting plants now

Frankfort Indiana until further You see we are more or less social- Ga., and C. W. Maltbie to Tampa growing at our Modelo Park pinery. Ready for
ists in spite of ourselves. We've delivery in July by the 100, 1,000 or 10,000. Also
notice. I like your paper. Think Monday Mr. D. C. Hill has gone to fine Abba a and Golden Queen suckers. Write for
solved that part of the problem ages Atlanta. These gentlemen all to prices. Orlando Grape and Fruit Company. U.
Florida needs much reformation in go
Now be S. Van Houten, Treas., Orlando,Fla. 5-2-
we must
her legislation.The ago. learning prac- handle the grapes as the company
tically and sensibly the lesson of cooperation them these millRTY THOUSAND TREES FOR
to
ships
razorback is civil- points.-Orlando
a menace to
as a feature in economics. i. Sale. Seedling and budded grape fruit
ization so are the laws regarding Reporter.Mr. Valencia and Hart's Late Eureka Lemons,
,
Much more than the thin edge of the Dancy Tangerine and Pineapple buds All
money obligations. No wise and Robert Bidwell will go to Jack- buds on grape fruit stock four and one half
wedge has already been driven in by
business with honorable sonville this week to take of years old. Write us before buying. Bowyer
prudent man charge
necessity, that keen to all en- Jc: Stephens, Lakeland, Fla.
spur
intentions be induced to enter the the business of the Niagara ,
can Vineyard -- --
deavor during this nearly completed
business field in a state that offers him Company for the season. The company WOOD-JAFFA, HOMOSASSA, CRN-
century-and we have corporations, tennial,Hart'sTardiff, Mediterranean Sweet,
absolutely no protection against will ship about seventy-five tons Old Vini, Magnum Bonum, Maltese Blood, Washington -
syndicates trusts and departmentstores.
Navel, Majorca Nonpareil, Maltese Oval
I
"dead beats" such in this of this Re .
as swarm grapes year.-Orlando Ribbed DuRois. Orange Lake and Eureka: Genoa

fair state.I porter.It Lamb, and Sicily Lemons!, at $5.00 per 1,000,
It is not long before another telling or 750 per 100. DuRoi Blood, Amory's Blood,

say prudent. I certainly know blow will be dealt the wedge and we was expected that the June bloom Herce's Ruby. Parson Brown, Dancy Tangerine,
Mandarin and and
,
Royal Improved Seedling
that honest and honorable
many men shall be a whole step farther on in our would show up on some of the orange Pomelos, and Mammoth Shaddock, are|r oo per
have entered business in the state straight. W. K. Trimble, Braidentown,
trees by this time but the tree is evidently too
along the road we call Progress ,
way Manatee County, Fla. 5-9-tf
learn sad how
only to by experience and there is no great need for any growing too rapidly for the

defenseless they are against the en- bloom to appear.-DeLand Record. TKEES-I: WILL HAVR 20,000
fearful shock to the sensibilities of the NURSERY
of the most popular varietiesfor
croachments of the who make it
men this fall and winter. Send in
most conservative. The Wilson: Cypress Co., of Palatka, delivery your
point to meet orders now, and be sure to get what want.
an obligationthey
a never you
"The people is a vast body,and like is now running its mill day and night I'ric s and particulars on application. W. K.
can avoid legally, and who long Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla.
all things of great size, moves slowlybut giving employment to 100 men. The
ago learned that the law is always on ___ 5-9-tfGRNUINR
with an irresistible momentum. company has at present not less than
their side. Nunan, Bessie. Cherokee, Cohllu-
Such needs "All things come to those who 6,000,000 feet of cypress lumber on Michel's Rarly.: Stevens

legislation reforming as wait." But while we wait we are fainto and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000, $,.oo.
I said above before men of businesscan hand.Mr. JULIUS SCIINADELHACII, Lock Box 4,Grand Bay,
"saw wood" at the old stand.-So. A. M. Wilson writes from FOIl Ala.,
be induced here and
to come help --- ---- ---
Ruralist. Myers that he is shipping from to
the factories 75 UIJISI.CiISS ((1'\SI"AUJ1\II'I.A-
develop state by putting -
up -. 100 cattle from that point daily.- I 1 tycaule), best grass for lawns and permanent
and shops and large business pastures. Sets, $i.50 per 1,000, by express; 35
enterprises that will act as centers of The John G. Neumann Company, Braidentown Journal. cents per hundred,postage paid. W.II. POWERS: ,
i of Evansville Indiana after Lantey, Fla.r1'IL111'BEI:1:1'.
writing a
attraction to population and thereforeas
long letter to T. S. Brown, of Plant CENT-A- ,WOUD COL UMN.) PLANTS.-NOW IS
of distribution of wealth
centers ; 0 the time to set bur good runners. I have 100-
City telling him that his carload of ----- --r------- -= )
ooo Alabama Newmans and Clouds
know is
for that community especially 5000
you melons had netted him an Irish divi-- RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS, Lawtey,
blest which is the center of one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents Noth- Florida. 3-7-4
dend wind in the ,
following philo- ----- ----- -
and diversified industries because up ing taken for less than 25 cents.
many SALE for cash,time or tiade, ,
strain
sophical : \Ve hope will FOR orange groves
Advertisements for
you this column be
MUST
where there factories suchas pre-
are and timber lands. E. ROM LEV, KeukaFla. ,
bear loss and know paid. .
your gracefully we 3-n-i6t ,
Florida's natural resources could so
. just how you feel at receiving such Send no stamps larger than two cents. FOIL SALR Two Leon county tarms, 480 acres
easily and abundantly supply with Initials and figures count as one word. Excellent for stock and

raw material, always there is a thriv- word in regard to your car, but we are ______ __ '_n__' tobacco 390 growing acres. W. II. Clarkson!' ,Jacksonville raising ,

ing agricultural class. Factories em- sure that you will be able to make up CHOICE NOONAN STRAWBRRRY PLANTS Fla. _, __ __ ___ h__ __8-24-tf_ __
your loss on some future deal, and if to fill orders by the zoth of July. One NURSERY TRI J.S: AND BUDWOOD
ploy men, and pay wages, having a in Dollar per thousand. B. F. Arnold, Candler, CITRUS Parson Brown. Stark's Seedless,
benefit
we are ever a position to
pay roll commensurate with the ex Florida. 7-11-3 Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit,
you, rest assured that we will do so. Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
of their business.
tent F'1NCY POULTRY YARD, RiTABLISHRDi such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St Michael, +
Men who work in factories bring The Collector of Internal Revenue Stock and Ergs for Sale. State Agent Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. I..
for Lee's Lice Killer ; circulars free. Local Duncan, Milwaukee Groves and
their families, and spend their wagesin I for Florida, reports the receipts for theI Agents wanted Albert Fries, St. Nicholas. series, Dunedin Manager, Fla. 8-i7-tf Nur-

the community for food and cloth-I fiscal year ending June 30, as being 7--3 IRRIGATED GROVR 100 acres, 10 years set

ing and shelter, thus becoming a potent $38,000 ahead of last year. SEVERAL THOUSAND SOUR SEEDLINGS ; 50 in other fruit trees, etc.
Write for particulars Wm. A. For sale at a sacrifice. Address"F," The Palms,
factor in the distribution of I The soap factory at Tampa, accord- Crane, Alva, Lee County, Fla. 7-11-; Lane Park. Lake County, Fla. 4 27-gm

For they from necessity ing to the Tribune is not offensivebut
money. ,
CONDITION POWDERS will Brahma, Barred Plymouth Rock and
TILGHMAN'S LIGHT
make demands on grocer, dry goodsman quite the contrary, owing to the eat. Will keep chickens Turkey Eggs for hatching,Ji.oo per
and and farmer I abundant of healthy. Sample package by mail 35 cents. setting. Mrs. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake, Fla.
gardener ac | use agreeable perfumes Wm. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla. 7-11-10 ii844G m


,








, .. .



1896. ink 1 ftoftttu PAlitB AND FRUN'-GROW R. 447




OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. J / / fiI


Is'
SAVANNAH LINE M



I tr3- i r,, __ F'' y

.







G. M. SORREL 4
Manager. '
,
( ,II ? ,, ,, ::
CST The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as p I :
follows :

NEW YORK TO SAVANNAH.

Pier 35, North lllver-5 1'. M.
Kansas July 2
City of Augusta .Saturday, July 4 I*
City of Tuesday July 7 ,- 1 'i'i
Tallahassee .Thursday,July 9 :
Kansas City...... Saturday, July II q 44e t0l
City of Augusta Tuesday July 14
City of lllriningham Thursday, Juty 16
Tallahaaaee Saturday July 18 4Y'
Kansas Tuesday July 21 J
City of Augusta Thursday, July 23
City of Itlrinlnghaui .. Saturday, July 25
Tallahassee ,July 28
Kaiitas City...... ..... .. .. .... ........ .... ...... ........ ...... ........ ....Thursday, July 30
G. M. SORRELL Manager New Pier No.35, North River.

BOSTON TO SAVANNAH. SAFETY I COMFORT! V UlVll J.11I11JIFluent LOXY IIATES!


Lewis's AVharf-3 1'. M. Cuisine and Sereice. No Transfers Between Jacksonville and Hone York.
Chattahoochee..... July 2
Gate City ... ................. ... .. .......................... .... ............ Thursday July 9 The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Chaltahoochee........Thursday, July 16
Gate City July 23Cbattaboochee. "
"Coma* "Cherokee "Seminole'
July 30 (new), "Algonquin, Iroquois, ,

RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis's Wharf. -

PHILADELPHIA TO SAVANNAH. (Direct.) NORTH BOUND.Steamers .

Pier 30, Delaware Avenue. are appointed to sail according to the tide.
STEAMER:
City of Macon (freight only). Monday, July 6 From JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston), ...............Sundays, Tuesdays Thursdays
City of Macon ((freight only) ..Wednesday, July 15 EromCHARLESTON, S. C.,.................. .... ............ .....Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays.
City of Macon (freight only). July 25 For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily paper*
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13 South Third Street.

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.Central SOUTH BOUND.Steamers .

((1)0 Meridian) Time-as below. arc appointed to sail from Pier 29 East River New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

C'yof Birm'gh'm..Thurulay. July 2, 9.00 p. m. I City of Augusta.... Saturday, July 18, 10.00 p. m1 For CHARLESTON, S. C., ............ ............................ ...Mondays Wednesdays and Fr.days
Tallahassee........ Saturday, July 4, 10.00 p. m. City of Birm'gh'm.. Tuesday July 21, 3 co P in. For JACKSONVILLE FLA., (calling Charleston)........... .......Mondays. Wednesdays Fr daysCuYDE'S
Kansas City ... .Tuesday July 7, 3.00 p. m. Tallahassee......iThursday. July 23, 6.00 p. tn.
City of Augusta. Thursday July 9, 6.00 p. m. Kansas City...... Saturday,July 25. 7.oop.m.
City of Birm'gh'm.. (Sat'day, July II, 6.00 p. m City of Augusta. .... Tuesday, July 28, 600 p. m,
Tallahassee... ... .. Tuesday, July 14, 800 p. m I City of Birm'gh'in.Thursday, July 30, 8.00 p. m.
Kansas City... ... Thursday,July 16, 9.00 p. m. ST. tJOtitlS RIVER MflE

SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.Central DE BARY LINE.

(90( Meridian) Time-as below. ;
I'alatka Intermediate
Gate City..... .......Friday July 3, ioooa.ni. Chattahoochee .... ....Friday. July 24 C.ooa.m. Jacksonville, ?SaiifOi'11,1atlci'pi'ise,1'la.aii(1
Chattahoochee ... ...Friday! July 10, 6ooa.m. I Gate City... .. .. ....Friday, July 31, 10.00 a. m. Lantlinus( on the St. Johns Hirer.
Gate City ............Friday July 17, lo.ooa. n;. The Elegant: Iron Side-Wheel Steamer

SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.Central ..]tVItI GLADItnIs
(i>0 Meridian) Time-as helow.

City of Macon....... Friday, July 10, 5 oo p. m'l I I City of Macon).. ... Thursday July 30, 9.30a m. appointed to sail from Jacksonville, Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5.0) p. m., and from
City of Macon.. Monday, July 20, 2 30 p. | Sanford on Mondays, and Thursdays at 5.(10( a. m.
W. J{. ARNOLD G. T. P. A., WAITER HAWKINS, Fla. P. A., W. J. PARRKIJ., Sol. Agt., L
Jacksonville, Florida. ti0UT11BOUNI). NORTH OUNlJ.
C.G.ANDERSON, AGENT, J. P. BKCKWITH, G. F. & P. AGENT, Read Down. SCIIHUUI.F. Read Up.

Savannah, Ga. Pier 35, North River New York. Leave ...... ........ .......... .Jacksoll\.ille............ .. ...... I Arrive-3.30a"-m.
.. 33op.n 8.4't> 111. ...................... .. .. Palatka................... ..... .Leave. 9.oop.m.
II 3.00 a. 111. ....................... .,. .A tor.... ... .............. ....... 4.00 p. m
alII. .................... ........ S1. llranci\! ......................... II 2.30 p. m.
W. A. HOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS. ...... ..4.30.. ...... .. .......................... resfortl ..................... ..... II 1.30 p. m.
Arrive 8.3oa. in ...... ........ .... Sanford............... ............ ........ I. 9.00a.m.
.. 9.15 a. ........................ F.nterprise................ ... ...... II 9.308. m,
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. ...... ..... .... m.\.\ .... .... ..............SO. Fla _R..:..R. Wharf.... ................... li.ooa, m.
,
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay st., Jacksonville

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers r A. J. COLK--:-, Pas!-ginger Agent--,-5-Bowling---- Green, f New. York.

M. II. C I.Y i)h. ASM.stant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow lUg Green, New York.
TIII<:U. 0. I<:H 1':1': :, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.F. .
00 WBST BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA. M. IKONMONGKK. Jr.. Florida : Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fit
foot Hogan Street Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN I.. IIUW A ICU. Florida Freight Agent
J. .LESLIE Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agents,

12 Sooth Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York.1IEADQUAKTEKS .

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat Grits, Meal -- -- -- --- -- -- -- ----

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. FOtt HIGH GRADE


STATK AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE
AND
GARDEN FIELD SEEDS

T gert-Allen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA, --


Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, 43" Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed

1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats, 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH, pound; Rescue Grass, 30 cents per pound.


i Orange FERTILIZER.Tree and Vegetable KAINIT Etc P. F. WILSON SEEDSMAN ,


These Fertilizers have superior In the market, and A trUl will convince.
Bend for CaUbgne free. GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA.

,. f
I



448 ffifi FLO&JDA'pABMEfc. AND rkUl1'-OROWER. JULY 11,



FRUIT AJP> VEGETABLE GROWERS'- SUPPLIES.



ESTABLISHED 1S75.FERTILISERS.

0" '
.
a i
I II 11 t
Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH-
MADE POTASH, with perfect adaptability to the -
J, requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in _=_ _. i '
i strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot. -- -
2ST"The cheapest brand for the quality( in the D ,
market., Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural 4
% -" Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. 1 ; "
.. I
; --+- I

; h INSECTICIDES. I

,
: I I4I
'" AL' A
''s\
J The old reliable EUREKA has never been ( ; .
superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the 4 \' pl f""""
fungus growth.

Pure 'THE COCCIDICIDE it 11111

Animal certain destruction ito the AleyrodesCitri(White Flyand) other '' ; } ,,- ,. '
flatter families of Scale,at all periodsof their development. Fatal to the '%
Spider, and other mse -...- ) j"; s a

SPRAY AND GENERAL PURPOSE PUMPS-;;, _,, ,?

liubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best wales, at %%' TIfII-'a
''JI'' '
Manufacturers' 1'Hces. ? = cods

---
-
IMPERIAL 1)1.OW8xn CULTIVATORS: I I ,
AGRICULTURAL I IMPLEMENTS. THE REST MADEJacksonville

,
llU

u"'a_
a
tI" FfMTFNS _
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41" '.=. y
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.<...<..c 4J-. IG=
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III" "
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,.... -c Il"o F r

'OoIi CIS I
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;4..1I..!t.=d -
o bl : -
,,
\ ;:
: BUCKETra
: :-g

pm:! R SPRRYP .
"' With
''
,,;- O OU-'Cs c ,L U PIPE EXTENSION
s-: .,
aI.; -
"ffJ

) -T- E. BEAN, Fla.

-_ .


The decline in values in the past The agricultural report of the Stateof Get rid of the hog that has too much Use potash and phosphoric acid to

three years in the United States exceeds Iowa, the greatest stockraisingState snout and legs to make pork in reasonable gether on all leguminous plants, to
the cost of the civil war from of the Union, states that "the time, and on reasonable quantity get the best results, and the two with

'1860 to 1865.Threequarters. annual cost of keeping up our fences of feed. ammonia on all other vegetables.A .

of a pound of beef, exceeds the total sales of our live Three thousand families in Chicago ton of cotton seed sold off the

costing ten cents, one quart of milk, stock." In Florida it probably exceeds -I consumed $31,000 less of butter in farm removes as much fertility as 25

costing five cents, and five ounces of five times the sales of stock. 1894 than in 1892. The consumersof tons of butter, worth $400 a ton, or

wheat costing three-quarters of a cent, Candidates for the State Legislature the United States ate 70,000,000 : $10,000, whereas the seed is worth on

are equal in nourishing material. One should be called upon to answer bushels less of wheat in 1894 than in the market only from $8 to $10 a ton.

pound of cheese is equal to two and plainly concerning the things that 1892. It is under consumption, not Sell the butter and consume the cot-
I
a half pounds of beef. There is no need doing when the two houses next over production, that is destroying the ton seed on the farm.A .

better diet to work on than cheese and meet at Austin, Tallahassee, and other farmer. chick that has to be helped out

potatoes, and there is no diet more State capitals. There are a good The use of preservaline, or any of the egg had better he left in.

digestible. Wheat bread is not a well- many reforms necessary in Southern other antiseptic, for preserving milk or Feeding for eggs consits!! in a variety -
balanced food, but bread well butteredis legislation before farming and fruit butter is forbidden in many of the of food and plenty of it.
very nutritious. Skim milk and growing can be a great success and
States by law, and should be in all. After the season of incubation remove -
oatmeal are valuable foods. the soil.tillers should talk it over before when
Pumpkins grow freely planted all males from the flock.
As the prices of farm and manu the politicians get around.If with corn, and make excellent winter
factured products go down, salaries of you have a spring or streamon feed for cows, increasing the yield of Plenty of water to drink but dry
for the hens to roost.
public servants go up, and govern- higher ground than other parts of milk and adding flesh to the animal. places
ments and municipalities borrow your farm, direct it where it will do When the farmer prospers, all pros
money to pay them. How long are the most good. It is of more valueto The agricultural reports indicate 15 per. And it is alike true, that when

'we, the people, going to submit? grow crops than to run a mill. per cent increase of acreage in cotton the home manufacturer prospers the

Four-inch grass, either cut or Get rid of the cow that is cheatingyou in the South over last year. farmer prospers. The prosperity of

browsed, is the best ration for a milk by small quantity or poor qualityof Not more than fifteen fowls shouldbe the country as a whole cannot be sep.

cow, and makes the richest butter. milk. kept- in a single pen. arated.-Southern Ruralist.
S




.-- .
---- -- -- --'" -' --- -