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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00085
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 27, 1896
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00085
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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FLORIDA FARMER / \4.



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AND FRUIT==GROWrR,


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$2IPER YEAR, WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. .$:SJ YEAR.

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JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA JUNE 1896. Whole No. 1429 a SERIES
8. Powers, EdItor. 27, III No>2J

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NOW READY FOR JUNE PLANTING.We Orange and other Citrus trees are extensively] (and s N fully)planted
during the "rainy season"of summer. -
have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour
and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low); All our nursery stock having ORANGE TREES FOR SUMMER PLANTING.:
been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition. *

Following varieties guaranteed true to name: Satsuma orange trees on Trifoliata stocks. Buds 2-years,branched;stocks,
MAJORCA: RUBY BLOOD, ST. MICHAEL 4-years,X to#inches cali|'er. (Also Satsumaa on Sweet orange stock,same age
MEO. SWEET, SANFORD MED, PARSON BROWN,, and size.)

JAFFA TANGERINE, HOMOSASSSA.HART'S LATE, SATSUMA NAVEL The foregoing are a tine lot(as fine as any we ever grew),and we are offering .
and GRAPE FRUIT. them,for summer planting only,at very low prices.

limited number of the famous Pineapple orange at$i.oo each-
A .
BUDWOOD.Can THIS IS THE ONE OPPORTUNITY OF THE YEAR TO GET

furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties except Pineapple and Tangerine at 75 FIRST-CLASS SATSUMAS CHEAP.
cents per too;85.00 per 1000 prepaid. Order now and save time, No agents employed.
.
Write for prices,etc:. Address, ---------- --- -
HASTINGS & WYLIE,
Interlachen, Fla. Write for prices, stating number wanted

WE CAN ALSO FURNISH SATSUMA BUDWOOD..

THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES.


offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and 96,including a limited supply of G. L. TABER, GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.

GENUINE BOONE'S EARLY TREES AND BUDS

Bessie. Tangerine and Genuine Paper-Shell Pecans 50 cts a pound.
Also Grape Fruit, Tardifls.Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet,
.common Orange,Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
stocks. Write for prices
to'V.. v. HA'VVKINS & SOrT6
Georgetown, FlaCOMMISSION cow PETS ,

& CO. All varieties at lowest market prices. ..
DAVIDSON ,
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MERCHANTS. l&I amb 1iiiI1....'M S lIBBlll ID UICB. INTERNATIONAL Clean STOCK,ale.FOOD a keeps

stock healthy and saves feed,yc.per box.
FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. 16-
-2! HEADQUARTERS L. CAMERON, Seedsman, a

Oranges, Lemons, Pineapples, Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.No. .
Joolcson-vllle, ]?lox l<3ei.
20 West Front Street, CINCINNATI, OHIO.


' HASTINGS JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,


Grocers and Commission MerchantsDEALERS


CLEANED BEGGAR WEEDI IN .


Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,
Order your supply now and make sure of it. PRICES : One pound by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds,,
$1.50. By express or freight not prepaid 25 cents per pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds;;
Tobacco Etc. :
in 200 pound Tots and above 20 cents per pound. Cigars, .
Seed free from stems,leavesand trash. By mail,postDUPPnPVltf -
/ II paid 25 cents per pound; 4 pounds,95 cents. ByexDLUuHnBiLLU. -
RO UGH press freight,not prepaid,in any quantity,15 cents Jaclso1.1""V'ille: lo..ida.
IHM i i per pound.
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H. G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN, PRICE-LISTOF. WHISKIES:

MANONGAHELA RYE...................$2 oo CABINET BOURBON..., .............. ,.I6 00
INTERLACHEN, FLA. ORANGE VALLEY................. ...... 200 J. MARTIN RyE........._.300
43-Send for our Illustrated Catalogue. SPRING VALLEY......... ................. 250 VIRGINIA GLADF.S. 400
BALTIMORE CORN.......2 00 OLD BOURBON................... ..... S oo
NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............. 250 KENTUCKY SOUR MASII................. 500
JOHN L. MARVIN; JUDGE R. B. ARCHIBALD, CLIFTON ............. 3 00 OLD ..... S oo
President. Vice President. MONTROSE VELVET RY;......... 6 oo
H. T. BAVA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, Sec; three fallen( 750. Remit by post-office.
CAPITAL $100,000. money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.
A complete price-list of Groceries,and Wine List,sent free on application..

THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

Respectfully solicits your Deposits,Collections end General FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. "

Bonking Business.
.
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
best advantage.-ADTHOKIZED CAPITAL faX).(0))
Depositors offered every facility: which their bal- BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange: is fully prepared to supply boxes: and paper on
warrant. order. Write for price list and terms. ,
ances, business and responsibility
-:OFFICERS:-
BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00 GEO. R.FAIRBANKS,President. C.F. A.B1ELBY,VIce-Presldent..
SAFE DEPOSIT ALBERT M.IV S,Gen' Mgr.and Treas. M. P. TCRNEU Secretary.
PER YEAR UP. DIRECTORS-Geo.R.Fairbanks,Alach'ua] Co.; E.G.11111,Bradford Co.; Dr.E.E.Pratt
Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan,Lake Co.;111'Crutcher,Orange Co.;Dr.D.O.Davies.Nassau Co.;
J.D.Mead,Duval] Co.; A. Brady. Brevard Co.; F. Sampson, Marlon Co.; lie V.JlUller, .
DIRKOTOR&; I Marlon Co.;John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; Holmes] Erwin. Putnam Co.; M. 8.Moreman St.
John L Marvin, Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin, Johns Co.; C.F.A. Bielby] ,Volusia] Co.;J. C.Pelot.] Manatee Co.
H..T. Baya, W. M. Davidson Judge R. B.Archibald, Address all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange Jacksonville,Fla Stencils,
Dr. H. Robinson. with full packing and snipping instructions furnished on application.

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THE FLORIDA FABLER Atffc FRtrrr-GROWER. JUNE 21,
.
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o 1
. it How Railroads Can Make Business
: remunerative returns
are no longer
In the agricultural department of obtained by shipment. Thus one in "
,
the New Orleans Times-Democrat we dustry creates another and by multiplying "
"DAISY"
find the following very instructive and them in every favorable local- THE PLOWI

suggestive remarks : ity, a large aggregate wealth is
created
of railroads
Fortunately, some our
have awakened to the necessity of .. .

building up the country through Louisiana Speaks.I .
which they pass, and have given facil- do hope that no poor man is opposed An Implement That Every Gardener and Strawberry

ities Tor cheap and rapid transportation to your gallant fight for reform Grower Should Have.
even at heavy losses at first to relative to your stock law. We have

beginners in this industry, realizingthat been cursed with your present systemup
if a few farmers could success- to six or seven years ago, since

fully inaugurate this new departure in when, thanks to the Lord, we have a
agriculture, thousands would quickly "no fence law." No more white

follow and ultimately enable them to slaves working for only half of their

recoup losses, build up the adjacentcountry crop. All are at liberty to rent all ,
and increase the business of they want at one or two dollars per
the road. acre. No poor man is forced to workon
shares for the simple protection ofa
The Illinois Central Railroad some
fence against the cattle and hogs of
this wise
yaars ago adopted policy, his boss.
and is today flattered by the wonderful own
results obtained. During the The cattle kings are at last thrownon -

early spring a rapid vegetable train their own resources; the poor man
leaves New Orleans daily and picksup works for himself and family and witha

all along its lines cars freshly few dollars for his rent he is relieved

loaded and awaiting its arrival. These of the burden of supporting his

trains follow closely the through pass I master. This is all due to the repealof 1

enger trains to Chicago, and arrive in the infernal system that is now ef )
the latter city with little or no injuryto crushing your thrifty class of people. I" rim

the vegetables. Hence profitable I say thrifty, for here the raisers of f

returns to the farmers along its lines the "razorbacks" were a shiftless set,

for cabbages, beans radishes lettuce too lazy to work themselves and were
,
The best Tool for intensive culture the
cucumbers, beets, strawberries, etc. dependent on this trash raised on ; saves expenses of a horse;
A visit to the country along this other people's crops to eke out an ex does the work just how and where you want it done.

road from Lake Maurepas to the State istence, such as it was. I could annoy
you at length on this abuse on a civil Thousands of of Truck and
line will convince any one of the wis acres Strawberries are cultivated entirely by hand.
dom of the railroad in adopting sucha ized community, but I suppose that t This little plow has been perfected with special reference to Florida use and
have in with the assistance and suggestions of Florida -
policy. A few years ago scarcelyany you enough your own state growers.
who can post you on this curse in i
depot along this line in this State

paid the expenses of a local agent. question. Four Points and a Wrench Go With Each Plow.Given
Today one finds the thriving towns of f I Wishing you all the success you de .

Ponchatoula, Hammond, Tickfaw, I serve in the cause, I remain,

Roseland, Amite, etc., all busily en. Respectfully. yours, with this paper to our subscribers for one year for $5.00 f. o. b. at our
gaged in truck and fruit growing and C. C. BROWN. Store-room.

furnishing the road a large income. Carencro, La.-So. Ruralist. FARMER and FRUIT GROWER

from the transportation of their pro ,
ducts. Small farms well tilled are So Does Mississippi. MLLE, I:'I.A.

affording incomes thousandsof My subscription to the Ruralist has
good to
Northern and Western farmers who been a long time dead-wherein it N. B. Special low rates given for Pony, Clipper and Hammock Plows in connection .
t differs from with the paper. Write us for terms.
the
chiefly Ruralist.
have come South for health, recreation
comfort and money. The Mississippi : Please credit the enclosed 50 cents i in
payment of two years from the date
Valley Railroad is also proffering
similar inducements to the dwellers of expiration and continue the war on WHY ?

along its line, but as yet has met the razorback and the tramp cow.

with but little encouragement in this With all her growing facilities, Florida Go on "Niggering the Cora off the Cob, Blistering your Hands and
ought to at least to little
State the farmers and adhering grow a
planters civilization and Wearing the Skin off? Buy a"CYCLONE"
of and it
sense justice
to the old practice of growing
does seem as if even a small crop of
sugar cane and cotton. ; CORN
these would afford enough profit of SHELLER.
The Missouri Pacific which enters
common sense to see that stealing by
the State in :Morehouse parish and SEVERAL REASONS WHY YOU
is
hog And
stealing.
proxy keep
it far south Alexandria SHOULD HAVE ONE.
penetrates as as
right on planting truth alongside the
has succeeded by its liberal i inducements -
freight
in persuading many of the tariffs.'V.. A. PARKER.Feathers : It is fully warranted against breaking or
denizens along its line into the truck Wesson, :Miss. I ting out of order by any fair usage.It get

industry. So great has been its success takes less power to do the same amount of
ap work than any other machine of its size ever
that recently a horticultural society From Ducks. ?. made.
was organized in the City of Ducks be There is no time lost after you are through
well
may plucked as as a .hf
Hing
by picking the cobs out of the shelled
Monroe for the avowed purpose of f geese, and for that reason the Pekinor corn. as the machine takes the corn all off the
growing truck for shipment to t the cob drops the corn in the box or basket, takes
Aylesbury breeds, which are pure __ the cob on around and throws it off at the back.
_
West. This society has a numerous white in color are most desirable. -_.__ i By a little practice with it you can easily shell
membership pledged to the one bushel of ears in about minutes or lens.
growingof There is quite a value in featherswhere i .- The shelter is small but it win 1 do the work of
a large acreage in vegetables the large numbers of ducks are: = > many a larger machine

present year. Sooner or later "truck kept, and Mr. Rankin, who is knownas w ,. The spring can be adjusted to any tension re
,, quired and can be loosened when not in use,thus
growing will be a large industry along> raising thousands every year, states Y ; ;- avoiding any chance of its giving out.
this road under the liberal policy now that feathers pay all expenses of picking --may A shelter wrench accompanies every machine.

being practiced.With preparing and shipping the ducksto The manufacturer of this machine is rated in the Commercial Agencies at f 125,000 and is
the establishment of permanent market. The feathers from live personally known to the Editor to be a responsible man. The

"truck growing" there will follow ducks of the large breeds command CYCLONE CORN SHELLER

in every neighborhood a canning factory nearly as high a price as those from Is not a worthless claptrap affair,but has genuine merit.
which will utilize the surplus Retail price$3-00. Given with the paper one year for ,,.00 or as 'premium for three new
geese. subscribers at {J.oo each. Address all orders to
which distant markets refuse. Such 1
factories will insure the I ; FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER
grower a Cultivate charity; there is plenty of .
home market at some price, when room for those wishing to try it. Jaolcsorwllle, Fla.402 .

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'YEAR.2 PER FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER.2EARR f


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Humus In Its Relation to Soil ever, farmers have assigned a very also indicated by the fact that with I more peaches. If they are cut off '-4 i

Fertility. high value to humus as a factor of methods of farming in which grasses I what fruit the tree does bear will be .

The soil tillers of Florida are apt to soil fertility, and this belief was form an important part in the rota- out on the end of the branches and

underestimate the humus as an element strengthened by the observed facts tion, especially those that leave a large away up in the top of the tree. I

of fertility. Florida soils in gen- that soils rich in humus were as a residue of roots and culms, the declinein never cut these twigs off. If left on

eral are so deficient in all the elementsof rule, highly productive, and that such productive power is much slower the tree they will bear a crop of fruit

fertility that a slight excess of any- materials as animal excrement or than when crops like wheat, cotton or and die, new ones growing out to replace -

one of them produces a one-sided con- barnyard manure, which supplied the potatoes which leave little residue on them. By leaving them on the

dition which is very detrimental to soil with an abundance of humus, the soil, are grown continuously tree most of the fruit will be near the

crops. Where there is a plenty of possessed a marked fertilizing power. Under grass and similar crops the ground in easy reach of the fruit-

alkaline salts such as potash and Although many of the old theories soil humus increases from year to pickers.

lime, in the soil it will carry a large which were supposed to account for year while the continuous culture of PRUNING AND TRAINING.I .

amount of humus with impunity and the value of humus are no longer ten- grain, cotton, or potatoes gradually think we should be guided some-

even with benefit. But where thereis able, recent experiments have shown reduces the original stock of humus. what by nature in the pruning and

a !scarcity; of these salts, it takes that there are some scientific reasons Grass and grain crops in rotation re- training of fruit trees. Seedling peach

very little humus to cause sourness. i for ascribing to humus a high valueas sult in alternately increasing and decreasing trees that have never been pruned
!
Sourness is one of the greatest faults a factor of soil fertility, and have the humus of the soil and bear heavy crops of fruit for years.

of Florida soils in their native con- demonstrated that "farmers are whole keep the land in a higher state of pro- Yet many people think that when

dition, and there is hardly any con ly right in attaching great importanceto ductiveness, although more nitrogen, they have an improved,tree, budded or
dition which is a greater enemy to the preservation of humus in their phosphoric acid, and potash is removed grafted, they must be continually cut-

productiveness than this. Hence soils." from the soil than when grain, ting and hacking at the tree. Head-

Florida farmers are apt to look with As the following pages will show, cotton, or corn is raised continuously.In ing in the tree annually may be a

suspicion upon any proposed increasein humus performs a number of different no case, however, do those systemsof good plan, but I could never find the
the decayed vegetable and animal functions in the soil which of the which humusforming
are farming return time to do it; yet, my trees bear good
matter, that is, humus, in their soils. highest importance in crop production.It materials to the soil reduce the crops of fruit when not killed by

Florida soils are like a halfstarvedsteer influences the temperature, tilth, land to so low a state of productiveness spring frosts, and I have demonstrated -

they must be fed cautiouslyand permeability, absorptive power weightand as do those systems in which at the various horticultural fairs at
with a well-balanced ration until color of soils, and directly or in there is a continual loss of humus which I have exhibited my peachesthat

vigor is restored and they are capableof directly controls to a high degree the from the soil.Agriculturally. my trees bear as fine fruit as can

accepting heavier applications. If supply of water nitrogen, phosphoricacid considered, the two be grown anywhere, or by any other
too much humus is given or createdat and potash.LOSS most important points regarding the I fruit grower.In .

the outset, as by green manuring, OF SOIL HUMUS AND DECLINE IN composition of humus are (i) the pre- I training peach and other fruit

for instance, a condition of sournessis FERTILITY.A sence of nitrogen as a constant con- trees the habit of growth of the differ-

produced. On the other hand, if virgin soil or one recently cleared stituent, and ((2)) the chemical unionof ent varieties should be considered.For .

too much of the commonly called may show a high state of productivenees the humus with potash, lime and instance, varieties of the Chinese
mineral elements is at first this
given for a number of years after it is phosphoric acid, forming humates. Cling family, like General Lee, Sylphide -
will leach and be lost
excess
away brought under cultivation. Gradually .e--- etc., have a tendency to make a
because the thin soil is incapable
porous however a decline in fertility is observed How I Plant and Manage a Peach low-spreading tree. These should
of and it.
retaining assimilating which is slight at first, but Orchard. have those side branches that grow
Humus and the mineral elements
mut be built with equal in more marked after a lapse of fifteen or The first spring after planting I examine too near the ground cut off while the
up pace
equal ratio. twenty years.Experiments. each tree several times and tree is young, thus forcing it to head
have shown that the rub off all buds as they begin to grow, higher; while such kinds as Crawford,
OFFICE OF HUMUS.
decline in fertility is not entirely a re- except the four or five near the top. Reeves' Favorite, etc., which have a
An essay on this subject by Pro. sult of the removal from the soil of These buds I let grow until the tendency to grow too tall and upright,
fessor Harry Snyder, is published in the essential fertilizing elementsnitrogen branches get two and a half or should have the tips of the upright

the Year Book of the U. S. Depart- phosphoric acid, potash or lime three feet long. I then pinch off branches pinched'or cut off while the

ment of Agriculture for 1895, whichis -but is due in many cases to gettingthe the tips with my fingers. This forces tree is young, thus forcing it to throwout
so clearly written and so instructive land out of condition through a them to throw out side branches. Of side branches and make it forma
that we shall publish the whole of loss of humus. Experiments conduc- these side branches I let three or four broader and lower head.
in successive installments. is
it It
ted by the Minnesota Agricultural remain and rub or cut off all others CULTIVATION.During .
valuable Florida
very humus to is farmers. Experiment Station on different typesof that may start to grow. After this the first three years of an
The class term of applied derived to from a soils worn by continuous grain about all the pruning I do is to cut orchard it should be thoroughly culti

large the of compounds former animal and cropping have shown that when a fertilizer back or pinch off the tips of any vated all through the spring and sum

life.decay The animal and plant was used containing nitrogen, branch that is growing so much faster mer. Don't stop for dry weather ;
vegetable ma- phosphoric acid, potash or lime, or than the others, that if left to grow as trees need frequent stirring of the soil
terials (organic matter) undergp decomposition -
in the soil the final when any one of these materials was it pleased, would make the tree one. more in dry weather than in wet. If

sult of which is the re-of applied alone, there was "in no case sided. I also cut off any young the soil is stirred frequently but shal-
disappearance
an increase of over three bushels per branches that grow too near the low during dry weather the trees will
substances
these leaving only a few acre of wheat and two of flax. ground and all water sprouts.THE not suffer from drouth. After the
and small of mineral
matter.gases When a the amount organic matter is With soil that have been cropped for FIRST SPRING third year cultivation may begin a lit

in its intermediate stages of decom- twenty years, the largest" increase was after planting it is important to watch tle later in the spring and cease earlierin
four bushels per acre. The differ- for from the fall. but the soil should be
position, and mixed with the soil, it sprouts that grow the rootsor
is known as humus. ence between the grain producing below the ground. These shouldbe stirred frequently during the springand
power of new soils and worn soils of summer especially important is it
,
Opinion as to the fertilizing valueof cut off smooth close to the root
humus has swung, pendulum like, the same original character was about with a sharp knife as soon as they ap- to stir the soil frequently but shallow
from one extreme to the other. The fifteen bushels per acre. These re- pear. This sprouting from the roots during the dry summer. In a large !
sults as well as many others which orchard this is sometimes
impossible
alchemists taught that the spirits left can be prevented by examining the ,
the decaying animal and vegetable could be quoted, make it clear that roots carefully before planting and cut for we some seasons get so much rain
the decline in fertility of the soils was in that the and weeds will
June
matters and entered plants. By of all buds on that part of the tree grass
the earlier chemists humus manyof not entirely due to a' loss of the essen- that will be !below ground. get such a start that we cannot clean
was
,
tial elements of fertility and that we
the orchard with the imple-
considered as supplying the larger After peach trees come to bearingage proper
must seek the cause elsewhere.OLD ments before the ground becomes
part of the materials necessary for the they throw out numerous little
development of the crop, but when AND NEW SOILS. twigs about three to six inches in hard. Under such circumstances I
the combined labors of DeSaussure, The most important difference, 'length along the main branches of the prefer to cease cultivation and use a

Boussingault Dumas and Liebig demonstrated physical or chemical, between the ,, tree. Some people cut these off, giv- mowing machine, letting the grass
that the air supplied plants composition of old, worn soils and ing as a reason for doing so that it will and weeds rot on the ground in the

most of their food, particularly that new soils of the same character is in give the tree more light and air; but orchard.
part which was supposed to come the amount of humus which is pres- they make a mistake for these twigsare After the second year I would nev-

from humus, scientists, as a rule, as- ent. fruit spurs. If they are cut off the er again use a turning plow in an or- /

signed a low value to humus. That the loss of humus is an impor- fruit crop will be diminished just that chard or cultivate very deep. Turn-

t From the very earliest times, how- tant factor in the decline of fertility is much. Each twig will bear one or Continued on page 414.



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i 404. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBtnT-QEOWBE. JUNE 27,
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4$3if == Established == 183''i
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OBER'S FLORIDA- FERTILIZERS

;
JVTaLirtifa.ettirecl: : by

G. Ober & Sons Co.
BALTIMORE I M d ,

Special Brands for Special Crops.


ORANGE TREE, FRUIT AND VINE, VEGETABLE, PINEAPPLE, COTTON,

TOBACCO, ETC., ETC.

Coming into the State since the freeze, and finding that the Condition of the Farmers demands that manufacturers should be content with
moderate profits, we are offering our High Grade Bone Fertilizers at Six to Seven Dollars per Ion less than our Northern Competitors, and in every case our
guarantees of grade ate higher. Our Goods are made from the purest and best materials and cannot be sold at the prices at which some local dealers are
vending goods made from cheaper sources, but results considered, ours will be found cheapest in the end. Agricultural chemicals, embracing Ammoniates,
Potash, Bone, Cotton Seed Meal, etc., supplied at market rates.
Read our Circulars. Try our Goods. See local agents or address

PRY VL DCllEOi.j'
I ? | STATE AGENT,

Jacksonville, Fla.

We refer to the Commissioners of Agriculture of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, the Virginias, the Carolinas, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, etc.,
etc., as,to the reliability of our guarantees and our general standing.In .
a number of these States we have done business for forty years.

-
-
The Perfume Industry in Australia. tons jonquil, 33 tons acacia, 22 tons vapor, which percolating through the after eight or nine such charges the
The object of this paper is to place mignonette. One factory there hy flowers lying in the false bottom, re- fat is found sufficiently perfumed. It
within the reach of all who are likelyto itself uses 50 tons acacia, buying up leases the attar; and steam and oil go is then treated with alcohol,and yieldsits
be interested in the industry of the flowers from neighboring regions; jointly up the funnel and wind their perfume to the treatment, which
perfume plants to enable them to 70 tons roses, 16 tons jasmin and 10 way through the condensing cork- becomes the perfume article of com-
practically grasp the methods, a simple tons tuberoses. There are 50 distil- screw-shaped pipe. A stream of cold merce. The fat, if properly cleanedcan
and non-technical description of lers in Grasse, a town of 11,000 inhabitants water running into the tub (or ice be used over and over again. The
how the work is carried on at the some employing 500 handsin could be used) helps condense the heat of maceration, however, is rather
Australian Government Scent Farmin season. steam and oil, which flow into a lass i injurious to the delicacy of the per-
the cultivation of the proper plants, WHAT THE PERFUME STILL IS LIKE. jug or vase. The oil is seen floatingon fume.
and the extraction of the oils by the This is a simple the top, and is skimmed off by a The absorption process, usually
process of distillation, and the hot and very whether arrangement.Any spatula, or black ivory paper knife, or known by the French name of en-
cold poscesses of extraction by fat. chanic intelligent or not person construct, a with me- sucked off the water by a pipette (glass fleurage, consists in the flowers being
can one
When, three years ago, the writer the partial aid of a blacksmith. A pipe,) a crystal tube having a bulb laid on frames of cold fat, which is
was visiting the great flower farms at roughly made plant consists as follows: about 3 inches from one extremity.The subsequently treated as in maceration.
I distiller places one end in his Cotton soaked in olive oil
Grasse, Southern France, he could metallic tank of about rags are
100 gallons
mouth, and lightly touching the little also used then the oil is
not help marvelling why the extensive capacity, the interior fixed with a squeezed out
floating filaments of essential oil with and treated. The chloride
industry of raising flowers for methyl
per- holed false bottom about inches (from
9
fumery making was not carried on in the base, and set in brickwork (although the other draws them into the bulb. process is a chemical treatment to be
If the identical distilled water is best studied in books. All
other climes. There is money in it, this is not text con-
absolutely necessary
certainly.SOME. employed several times over, it in- sidered, the distillation process is
with fire under. A
), a retort
creases the output of oil. The temperature best; but study well the law before
RESULTS PER ACRE funnel about i foot in diameter at its
of the steam must not be too building a still.-American Druggistand
The bitter orange blossom will greatest extent, with a rim to enter
great, or the essential oil is liable to Pharmaceutical Record.
yield 80 ounces of essential oil per and a flange to support it, is fitted likea be injured. Time : About three ..
acre, which at 15 shillings to61 per saucepan lid over a similar hole in hours. The false bottom containing, Notes-From---Hillsboro-County.
ounce means ;660 to 80 per acre. the head of the tank. A pipe 2 inchesin the stewed leaves is hoisted and thee
The acre of jasmin will bring in ;620 diameter, a continuation of th mashed mass is used as a fertilizer. The Tarpon Springs Truth gives
to ;630, roses from 70 to L90 per funnel continues like a spiral worm This process applies to the rose only. some notes made by a trio of enterprising
acre (the attar is exceedingly limited, around the interior wood work of a I. Rightly speaking,' all stills should be ladies who visited several sec
or probably the sum per acre wouldbe barrel filled with cold water, the end I made of very stout tin, and should be tions near that place in search of good
higher). An ounce is worth from emanating near the base like a faucet. recoated with tin enameled real estate investments and among
This completes the or every other items we find the following :
1:2: to 13. Even the prolific oilproducing apparatus.A year. They are usually made of cop
true lavender brings 60 5-gallon still can be constructed per, but of late years the perfume dis- From Pompeluna Mrs. Webster,
shillings per pound. Peppermint for about 1:5: or less. Stills can be' tillers use them coated with tin. Mrs. Hartley and Mrs. Meres wentto
yields up to 30 pounds of oil per acre, extemporized, as they are by the Bay View and visited the Seven
which at 30 shillings per pound French peasants, who have much PROCESSES OF EXTRACTION. Oaks Nursery, formerly managed by
means a return of 1:45: per acre. Andso liberty allowed them in this respect, Besides distilling there are four R. D. Hoyt, but which is now in the ..
on with the other essential oils, all and which has helped to build up one methods for extracting scents from hands of a receiver. While Mr. Hoyt
of which are most valuable. Com- of the greatest industries of France. flowers. They are : Expression, is out of the nursery business, he is

pare these figures, ye struggling farmers The small still is the first one usedat maceration, absorption, and the very busy right now shipping pal-
with your present low returns for the scent farm. Its is methyl-chloride process. Expressionis metto leaves to Germany. He ships
capacity only adopted where the substance them by the million and is
growing corn or market produce I about and doing an
10 gallons, costs 1:5: com-
; Study the perfume market, form treated is very liberal in its native or extensive trade.A .
bain marie
bining
rings for keeping up prices, and place melting a fat, when required.HOW or adjustment. for essential oil, such as the peel of the friend of Mrs. Meres\ (from Newark -
your trust in-roses, the attar of orange or citron. By maceration is N. J., who lives at Bay View,
which is never likely to be over pro- THE DISTILLING IS DONE. meant the placing of the flowers in fat drove her around through the coun-
duced.A The space below the false bottom of made liquid (just warm,) allowed to try to see various places, among
FEW the still is ocoupied by water, and a remain therein about three days (no which was Samson's lemon grove,
FIGURES ABOUT OTHER few pounds of salt or alum is dissolved need to keep it warm,) and then which was killed to the ground by
COUNTRIES. therein to increase its boiling point. warmed sufficiently to allow the fat to the freeze. This has been budded
Last year in France the Grasse dis The tank is now filled with the de. drain from the exhausted flowers, and and by fall the new growth will no
trict alone produced 2,000 tons o:f sired flowers, and the funnel shaped after squeezing out what fat remains doubt make a wonderful change in
orange blossoms, 1,500 tons of roses, steam lid is held in place by being with these, they are thrown onto the its appearance. They also visited a
220 tons violets (cheap labor and screwed down, and the device packed fertilizing heap. Fresh flowers are large green house on the old McMul-
abundance defy chemical competition,) round with clay just damp. A quick added to the fat, the absorbing quali ten place, now owned by Mr. Davis,
200 tons jasmin, 88 tons tuberoses, 38 fire is ignited under the still, causing ties of which are well known, and of Clear Water, in which he has start-


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t
1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND PBUTT-GROWEB. 405 !



FERTiLIZERHEADQUARTERS. J



_

SAVED MONEY"

By buying nothing: for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new


ALL AROUND BRAND, $S5 Per Ton.


ANALYSIS: "
'J>
Ammonia 5 to 6 pcrZceiit.
Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to 8 '*
Actual Potash 4 to 5 "
Jtsr This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates Superphosphates and Potash. -&aWe


keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONEGROUNDBONE
ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.

Correspondence) and Inquiries Solicited.

LITTLE BROTHERS' FERTILIZER and PHOSPHATE COMPANY,


JAGISoNwwI4r, E' ORIDA.ed .


important experiments in the line you must remember the old rule in lar to shed in a suitable plot of ground, cept for very choice shipments. The
of growing truck for the mid-winter regard to gooseberry pie-"put in all according to their -means, to help Warnell tomato crate, holding 24
market North. If he succeeds, he the sugar your conscience will let you, along in making a citrus grove, as quarts or three pecks, heads i i 5Zxio'a
will go into the industry on an extensive then shut your eyes and throw in a there is a "long and hungry gap be- inches, slats 24U inches long, answers
scale and very likely many handful more." They are good stewedat tween planting a grove and selling very well. This contains eight quart
others will profit by his venture. any stage save when ripe; then theyare fruit." baskets or tills, and is called a carrier;
They next went to Dnncan Bros.' much better raw. When about It is much easier and cheaper now. it is the favorite package for shippersof
nurseries at Keene, near Clear Water, ripe they make very acceptable dump- The experiments have been made as to fruit and vegetables. The \Valdo
and found them just starting work on lings, used as apples would be. They I the best kinds of plants,and such plantsare crate is used without baskets. You
their new house. They were like- need no preparation for any purposesave I not so difficult to procure as for- can procure these crates from the Bas-
wise busy trimming out and budding cutting off the blossom end. merly. Besides the Ft. Myers Build ket and Veneer Company, Warnell,
their young groves. :Mrs. Meres and The Catley is not suited to slicing I ing and Improvement Association havea Fla. .
Arthur Duncan drove over to the new and eating raw with sugar, as you eat large saw mill up the Caloosahatchie
town which is being started by Mr. the common guava, but as a stewed located in a fine body of timber. Theycan
Plant, and she was told that a half sauce, or for pies, they are much sup- furnish us with the best pitch pine F at1tnel' cT t1tt ekett
million dollars is to be expendedthere erior in the estimation of at least one I lumber for sheds at reasonable rates
in improvements. Later she family. and short notice. Fertilizers can be Celery Culture in the South.
visited Clear Water and spent sometime I When partly ripe they make a nice, had cheaper and quicker than in the Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
with Mrs. Geo. Fowler, who isI I light, amber jelly, though it is not at past; so there is no valid excuse why Celery is a very important crop in
attending the Normal, and afterwardstook all like ordinary guava jelly. Lee county should not excel in this this section and usually a well payingone
the train home. When we remember that the frost industry, which we hope will be pushedto although the cultivation of same
Mrs. Meres thinks that the people does not injure these bushes in the its utmost. Much information can has a great deal of labor connected
of the West Coast should be very least, that they relish our white sand, be had from our enterprising real estate with it.The.
much encouraged by the flattering and that they grow readily from the men and the farm journals of our varieties which will do well
outlook for this section, consideringthe seed it seems that we ought all to havean State. here, are not so many as perhaps up
condition of our orange groves, abundance of Catley guavas. The best pineapples I ever raised North or West, and it is therefore essential -
the new enterprises that are now being ... were in the shade most of the time. only to select such kinds as are
started and the amount of capital Pineapple Sheds. This is a business that every body adapted to our climate and soil and
that is being expended by Mr. Plant. The last report on sheds from Mr. cannot go wild on and overdo. may be grown profitably here.
Even if it is to build a new town, W. A. :Marsh, superintendent of the The man who sheds his pines and The best varieties for our climate
every locality on the Coast will be Ft. Myers experiment station, which has the largest and best "shipper" fruit and which are also the best for our
benefitted by it. appeared in a late issue of the News, and knows how to ship in good style, market, are the following:
....... has given more satisfaction to the gen will have money to lend. There is no Dwarf Large Ribbed, which is the
The Catley Guava. eral public than any report heretofore hard labor or hard work about it. This same as the Kalamazoo, a splendid
shedding of pines is worth the calm dwarf variety with solid thick ribs
has
The Tarpon Truth quotes from some published He given us more
local paper without naming it: A recent valuable facts and figures than usual. consideration of all new beginners and and of excellent flavor.
the be- many of our old settlers. Perfection Heartwell, a half high
correspondent writes of the valuable When we see great contrast
and hardy Catley guava MayI tween the pineapple plants and fruit When I first came here everyone variety, rather taller than the preced-
add to what he has said a little in inside of the shed and those outside, said the pineapple was an air plant, ing kind, of excellent quality and
with the but I soon learned the air was too flavor. This is really one of the best
regard to the culinary value of this practically same treatment as
fruit? to soil, culture and fertilizer, it at once thick for it, and had to be diluted with ever introduced here, and when
The bushes bear two abundant crops settles the matter in our minds as to the proper kind of fertilizer, to whichit blanched it is of a fine golden yellow
each year and care little or nothing for the best way to raise pineapples in quickly responds.-T. T. Eyre in color.
dry weather; so we have had a considerable this section. Mr. Marsh says the sheds Tropical News. ... White Solid or Plain Blanc, has
quantity of the fruit. We not only keep off the excess of cold and Standard--Peach Crates. been in former years the principal
liked them well to eat out of heat but the winds which are equallybad variety here. It is not as good as the
hand, but, knowing very no other use for ; that many tender fruits as wellas Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: foregoing kinds and often becomes
FARMERAND
the pineapple blighted by even Please inform me through hollow and stringy. It is seldom
them, they are often left to waste. are
what is stand-
FRUIT GROWER a
Now we know better. one day's wind.Pineapples planted by gardeners in this vicinity;
ard peach crate how much they hold
,
These guavas, taken when about can be raised on a variety good for family use.
full grown and still green and hard, of soils with a shed and proper and how they are made. Golden Yellow or Self Blanching.This .
FRANK
fertilizers and JOHNSON. is a dwarf sort, lately introducedfrom
make an excellent acid sauce, quite as care. .
welcome as rhubarb and gooseberriesin There is a constant market for first- Norwalk, Fla. France. It is one of the finest
the early spring at the North. Theyare class pines, and more such can be The Waldo peach crate is 12x13 flavored varieties, with a solid full
equally good for pies, we think, raised under a shed than out of it. So inches in the head, slats 22 inches long. heart of beautiful golden yellow color.
only when you use them quite green we recommend new comers in particu This is smaller than is necessary ex For family use as well as for market






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406 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GBOWEB. JUNB 27,



A FERTILIZER FOR $27.00 A TON.


It "

;.; THE IDEAL .

,
-- --: ,: --'--'-'-- ::. ,,:_. ,.,--- -- -' -.---. ---_".---_--.-_'.0:

,A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to

__ EA LY VEGETABLES: AND ORAMGE T 1 E1E S. .


GUARANTEED A1 TA7 YS1I51Ammonia I .
4I to 554 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent.
Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, ,- 11 to 13 per cent.

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.Write .
Us for Prices before Buying.

XVJXSOTC: & TOCMVTOR, Jacksonville,
Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton,
Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices. THE FERTILIZER HOUSE OF* I'LO1HDA


this variety cannot be surpassed by seed than when the bed becomes too and which are held there by bankingup it is killed before seed can be pro-
any other kind, although not quite as dry during the time of germination.The the ground against them. This is duced.

tall as any of( the preceding. canvass covering should never very convenient and saves much labor; Just as a young cuckoo in a spar-
Giant Pascal, or Pashal, is also of be put on the seed bed before nine but the celery blanched in this man row's nest appropriates all the food
recent introduction. It is not much o'clock in the morning; nor should it ner is not as tender and has not the intended for the lawful occupants of
taller than the Self Blanching and be left on after four o'clock in the same flavor as that which is blanchedin the nest and soon gets strong enoughto
keeps well. The stalks or ribs are evening; as too much shade is as badif the old fashioned way, that is by destroy the young sparrows, so
very broad, entirely stringless and of not worse than none at all.Vhen earthing up.RICHARD. weeds will appropriate the manure
fine rich flavor. This variety is easily the plants are up and have the first FROTSCHER SEED Co., I you intend for the strawberry till they
blanched, taking but a short time. two leaves, they should be gradually I New Orleans, La. get strong enough to overpower your
accustomed to the sun, which is effected -I ...
Celeriac is -- -
or turnip-rooted celery, ,.
not planted to any extent in the South by putting on the shade every Clean Culture Indispensable to Successful crop.The richer the soil the harder but
as there is not much demand for it; day a little later and taking it off a Strawberry Growing.Editor all the more necessary it is to give the
although it makes a splendid dish if little earlier in the evening. When Farmer and Fruit-Grower: weeds and grass short shrift. This
served as a salad either raw or after the young plants are large enough, care should extend not only throughthe
about to 6 inches they should I There are few, if any plants to
the roots which when say 5 but the
boiling fully summer begin as early
which clean culture essential
is as
as
be set out. Previous to transplanting
grown, are almost as large as beets, following spring as weather will permit
it is to the strawberry. Its peculiar
the bed should be well prepared if
and have the flavor other ; that weed
same as ; never forgetting a puny
celery. If sown in the fall of the the land is not rich enough it may be nature, habits and time of ripening and insignificant amid the cold of
enriched in a simple manner by make this the case. It grows, blooms
. and when very }March and into
year transplanted large April, may spring up
and bears its fruit down on the ground
enough, in beds about eight inches opening ditches from 3 to 5 feet apart all the vigor of Jonah's gourd when
where weeds and choke
can
throwing out the both just grass
it will make fine but ground ways the sun On fields
apart, roots requires waxes warm. once
rich soil. with a plow, and filling in well rotted and smother it. It bears and ripensits cleared of these, strawberries can be
manure, afterwards mixing it well with fruit just when the warm weatherof with little hoe
CULTIVATION. spring is coaxing weeds into such grown comparatively
the soil. Open trenches about four work.
-
Celery is generally sown here dur- inches deep where the manure has rampart growth as to deprive the Take the advice of who makes
ings the months of :May and June for been dug in and set out your plants in berry of sunlight, without which it the strawberry his life one business and
early, and during August and Sep- there, about six inches apart. Water can not mature and color. gives this king of berries shallow cul--
tember for late market. In order to .them well and shade by means of cot- Being about 90 per cent water, the tivation frequent enough to keep the
raise the plant successfully the seed ton cloth or Latania leaves,during hot strawberry of course needs an abun above truceless enemies from
ever
beds should be well prepared and havea weather, until well started ; this shad- nant and constant supply of moistureand getting a foothold. An ounce of pre-
good position. A bed under a large ing has to be done as mentioned before.In the yield can easily be lessenedone vention is worth not only a pound buta
tree and being partly shaded is prefer- setting out it is necessary to cut half or more by the presence of ton of cure. A. W. BLACKNALL.
able; but where it cannot be had, the tops of the plants, also part of the weeds, voracious of moisture for their Kittrell, N. C.
some preparations should be made to roots as this will insure their taking own needs. ..
---e4I
shade the former. An open cold roots easily. When the plants have The fact that the wild strawberry
frame with well-worked light or partly once started growth, the beds must be attains some degree of excellence in a A New Tobacco Pest.
sandy soil or even muck would answer I hoed and kept clean of weeds. Liquid wild and uncultivated state has led A small caterpillar has been discov-
very well. manure or soap suds are very beneficial some people to question the necessityor ered mining the leaves of growing to
If the seed is sown in an open bed, to celery plants and should be applied even wisdom of giving this fruit bacco. The caterpillar is about one-
a sort of frame should be made about as often as either can be had. too much culture. But observers of half inch long, greenish with a dark
eighteen or twenty inches high, over When the young plants are large nature know that the wild strawberry brown head. It makes an irregular or
which cotton may be stretched duringthe enough hilling up should be begun plant is productive in proportion as it blotch mine by eating the green mat-
hottest part of the day, which will with in order to bleach them. This chances to grow in a spot free from ter or parenchyma of the leaf, leavingthe
sufficiently shade the bed. takes up considerable time as it has weeds and grass. When its lot is cast skins intact and the leaf transparent. .
The seed should be sown thin, as to be done repeatedly as the plants in. amid grass and weeds it makes only a The caterpillar is extremely
the young plants, if sown too thick, crease in size and growth. If celeryis slender spindling growth and bears voracious and as several usually mine
are apt to become spindly and dampoff. planted on a large scale, this earth- sorry and few berries, or apter, noneat one leaf the leaf is soon rendered
The seed bed has to be kept ing up may be done by means of a all. worthless. The insect belongs to the
moist, otherwise the seed will germinate plow or celery hiller which is expressly It is the highest economy to give subfamily of Tineid moths, whose
irregular or only partly; it i is bestto constructed for that purpose and the crop which precedes the straw- best known representatives are the
water well in the evening with a saves considerable labor. berries scrupulously clean culture, al. clothes and fur moth and the Angu-
water pot having a good rose; if the Here of late, some of our large cel lowing no grass or weed seed to infest mois grain moth. This particular
weather should be hot and dry, it will ery growers bleach their plants with the soil. I have fields which have ; species is yet unnamed.
be necessary to water oftener, say planks or boards ; this is done by .had such close attention in this respect Remedies-Being: protected by the
twice a day morning and evening; as placing planks, i inch thick by 12.. that they are almost free from skins of the leaf, no ordinary poisonor
nothing is more disastrous to celery inches wide, on both sides of the rows. these pests. When one does appear insecticide will destroy this pest,



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1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 407.

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nor can it be hand-picked without destroying Poultry. We desire to call especial attentionto Landslfor;.y!; ;.'.

the leaf. The only treatmentis the Union Cycle Co.'s advertisment

-----------------------------
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issue.
to watch for leaves showing trans- which appears in this Lemons
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY. Apopla, Fla.
parent blotches and when found to remove We are Union riders and conscien- ,

and burn them. So far this Cleaning Earth Floors. ,tiously recommend this wheel as beingone

pest has been reported only from one There is but one sure method of of the best made, and if you wanta Grape FruitPineapples
in North Carolina but it be-
locality cleaning earth floors, and that is to reliable mount, one that will last

hooves tobacco growers everywhereto remove the top soil to the depth of you for years, buy the Union. If and
look out for it and destroy it as in doubt drop a postal to J.
are ,
four inches and add clean earth in the you ,IN
soon as it appears. If it becomes place. This is usually done every IV. Ingram, agent, Jacksonville, and

common it will greatly harm the tobacco I summer, fall and spring, and the floor he will cheerfully answer your in
Dade Counties
of the State.-Gerald Brevard
industry kept well covered with litter, leaves quiries and send you one of their 96
:McCarthy, Entomologist, N. C. Experiment ,
being best for that purpose. Duringthe catalogues.
Station. I FLORIDA.In .
summer air slaked lime is appliedonce
order to induce the cul-
-
week thus destroyingthe
a
,
of Citrus fruits in the
Harvesting Corn. ture
germs of any disease that may probably Send for Annual Descriptive -
counties named the
Most enterprising farmers must have existed, and thereby lessen- jT y4 newly issued CATALOGUE and revised., ,

look upon the present system of har ing the liability of loss. It contains everything FLORIDA EAST COAST
I r Y needed by the Horticulturist
with dissatisfaction.
vesting corn t and plant-lover. RAILWAY COMPANYwill
Pulling the leaves is an irksome and Material for Nest Boxes. PLANTS and TREES for
Orchard, Window. Lawn
picayune way of securing a little feed, Cut hay, straw, grass, etc., are unnecessary ,y or Greenhouse. Largest for the next nine months

yet it is seldom that a field cut up and in summer. The best ma- o,' ,,,o collection in the South.to select from make a reduction of TWENTY-

shocked in the middle of the rainy terial for nest boxes in summer is REASONER BROTHERS. ONECO, FLA. FIVE per cent. on price of its

season can be cured bright and sound earth. Take a soap box, cover the lands in above counties or

unless hauled into large barns or at bottom with four inches of dry earth, until Dec. 15, 1896.For .

least sheds, and even here it would require sprinkle some fresh insect powderover terms and prices apply to

to be stored away loose to prevent the earth, and the nest will be D C. Sutton or W It. Moses, West.Palm!
The should be made Reach, Fla.: W.C.Valentino, Ft. Lauderdale,
molding. complete. nest Fla ; F. S. Morse, Miami, Fla.. or to
it is toi i new with fresh earth at least once a J. E. Ingraham, Land Commissioner.St. .
Again an aggravating job :; Augustine, Fla.
attempt to mow and cure crabgrasshay week, as it may happen that an egg --

the. stalks if will be broken in it; the earth then be- THE IMPRO Florida.
among corn even West Coast of
ing an excellent absorbent. Keep VICTOR
the latter have been cut close to the

ground, and the hay harvested at this the nest box in a cool place where the -
laying hen will be comfortable when 20,000 ACHES FRUIT LAND.
season almost invariably gets wet and INCUBAtORHatches
damaged unless cocked and capped, she is on the nest. __ Chickens by Steam. -
up -...-_ -=--. Absolutely nelf-reffulatinff. The most picturesque part of Florida lies around
which is no small labor. The simplest, most reliable.
The Best Roosts. data.logue. and cheapest first-class Hatchet Tarpon Springs and Lake Butleron
In UIP market. Circulars free.txnta .
We venture to the follow-
suggest The best roosts are made of a pieceof 4 CJEO.KIITEL&CO.,Quincy 111.4FRRYSk the line of the
ing plan. Cut all the corn and shockit
2x3 inch scantling, flat side up, the
up small, say fifty stalks to the PLKNT SYSTEM.and .
centre being supported by an upright.
shock, to insure rapid curing. In a
post, if the roost is very long. Thereis only 26 miles northwest from the great city of
week or ten days haul under cover all

the shocks which can be accommo- no necessity for having the roost SEEDS TA1'ZPA.Special .
than fix" inches from the floor
dated; it will still be fairly bright and more offers to settlers on the best fruit and
in as high roosts only serve to injure the Perfect Bwrta: grow agricultural lands at$5 to $10 per acre.
sound fodder Let the .
rest stay payhigcrui* itrkttbmls: : and information apply to
For maps
when off. All
birds
getting on or are not irowu by flmnce Nothing
shucked the
the field to be out at
should be movable to iaever left to clmiitv in row-
proper time. Roll or drag down the roosts so as lug Ferry's Srt-ds. Dtulrrseell LAKE BOILER VILLA LAND CO.
,
take them outside to be cleaned.
them everywhere. Wnte fur
stalks and plow the "lands" with a ...
i
two-horse plow, chaining the grass Advantages of One Breed.If FERRY'S TARPON SPRINGS, FLA.

under. This will bring on a second SEED ANNUAL
one has a large number of fowls, for 1896. Brimful of valuable, BRASS BAND
of crabgrass, nearly or quite as
crop Illforwation about bt U+t&IUIIJt'w.
heavy as the first, which will mature all of one breed, there is a saving offences est bmts. Free by wail. Instrument,Drams Uniforms,En nip.
ments for Bands and Drum Corps. Low
after the rainy season is over and can and space as there will be no D. M. FERRY & CO., enl prices ever quoted. Fine Catalo//!',4XlIIustrationl'l. ( )
of contamination should theybe Detroit, Mich. -J ',mailtdf",; it tires Band
be harvested in decent weather, with danger Music Inhtrnct'ns for Amateur Bands.
turned out together in the orchardor LYON & IIKALY: ,
comfort and assurance, and in a hr.Adamt bL.ud Wkbtth" I allowed to run at large. The uni--
condition so good as to compensatefor
the extra labor of plowing. Only formity of the flock in color, size and
general characteristics lessens the labor EVEN TIME BAS ITS S0t OWS
last week we saw a man at Lawtey
required, as one can more easily understand And and hissisterthe.
with a three-horse team and a sulky II
CRACKAJACK
PATRICIAN
plow cutting fourteen inches wide, how to manage, for breeds the I ladles 1 oriteHo.'V'e

differ, and the best mode for one may "TRIISD TIl\IE'S TEl\IPER":
under the
turning not only crabgrassand .
for another. Better More than all the rest.
not be suitable
the strawberry plants, but even
the dry mulching (about a ton to the prices can be secured when a coop ol
chickens is sent to market containinga
of
acre) putting everything down out
uniform lot, and the eggs from hens
sight and leaving the land as smoothas
of one breed will be more uniform,
could be wished. He had a follower -
also. When two breeds are kept they
to unclog the plow of mulching, ,
in fast the will soon become mixed and cross-
but crabgrass growing to
bred, as it is almost impossible to keep
this would be
ground not necessary.
them separated, the result being that ,r I I.w.
l the breeds will degenerate into scrubs.As .

Mr. Bernard Walker of Interlachen, we have before stated, just; as soonas v

in response to the numerous theoriesof the farmer or poultryman begins to

determining sex by the eggs,says the cross breeds his flock becomes ..,_

larger eggs produce roosters and the destroyed.pure There is no necessity for (: )

smaller ones pullets. crossing or for keeping two breeds. A I IIt

.
..
-- ---

single breed, kept up in vigor by care-

Mr. S. J. Galpin cut off his peach ful selection, will remain pure and un-

trees near the ground in the month of contaminated, and will not only give

March 1895. On the 21St of last more satisfactory results, but also more

month he had ripe peaches on the pleasure to the poultryman. for"in union there is
is built on a gold basis,and is one of the Everlasting kind
same trees. The trees are heavily strength' also beauty of design and perfection of markmanshlp.

" laden and have as large tops as they Keep the drinking water in the There are a few other makes as good,but None Better, they can't be made.

had before they were cut down thir- shade and have the dishes arranged so Ride a Crackaj ask II -.;

teen months ago.-Orlando Reporter. the chicks cannot get into them. And pedal through life easy it's the next thing to flying, so Join the Bird Gang.








.__._ u .



.

,.. .
.

408 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JUNE 27,

-

State News.Trade Our Rural Home.

-
-
conditions at Tampa are as- A Little Thought.It Talking

suming a roseate hue. The factor- is told of some mother, who wasa i /,
ies report a large increase in the or- rigid disciplinarian, that wheneverher
ders for cigars, the sponge industry is little girl particularly desired to Bicycles _
prospering and the pineapple crop
wear one frock she considered it a
from the keys is being rapidly mar- matter of duty that the child should t _ft_-
keted. wear another."It -
The land department of the Florida
is entirely wrong to indulgechildren's
East Coast Railway has just com- SEE THAT CURVE.
notions, she said. "They
pleted arrangements whereby a partyof should be trained not to think of their
farmers from the northwest will arrive -
clothes, but simply to wear what is put .,' .
month and
on the east coast next -
settle land the town of Mo- on them.
on near "
"But don't you believe, some pity-
delo. Forty twenty acre tracts have
ing onlooker suggested, "that the
the of the
been disposal
placed at
child really thinks more about the
farmers and they will cultivate fruit matter when the frock you make her IT'S QUALITY THAT AIDS THEM TO
and Several large sales
vegetables. "
wear is so distasteful ?
have been made in this vicinity lately
"She must learn not to dislike it," TALK FOR THEMSELVESIT'S
is that the East
and every prospect said the mother, carelessly. "I haye
Coast will soon be the most populouspart told her to wear it. That is enough.' THE SCIENCE SHOWN THAT
of Florida.-St. AugustineNews.
The friend remembered the littlegirl's .
screams and protests, and the AIDS THE QUALITY.1bsI'eitirig19.
Today G. C. Matthams made the flushed, passionate face with which
largest shipment of Abbaka pines ever she ran out of the room and slammedthe
made at one time in the State. The I. door-which "wooden oath" ap-
record for today for two of our local parently passed unnoticed by the severe I
pineries is as follows: From Haddock parent. Remembering, she
& Matthams\ Palm Beach Pinery, 463 wondered if forcing the child into one
half crates, 204 crates of which were special garment compensated for the 19 Ius
Abbakas, ranging from 10 to 18 to the price it cost.
crate, 24 crates of other fancy varieties "But what differenceshe tim-
and 235 crates of Red Spanish. From idly began.
the Florida Pineapple Company's "All the difference in the world,"
plantation Mr.\ Matthams ships today retorted the mother. "She hates red
364 half-crates of Red Spanish pines. because she knows it is not becomingto "3625 d.ays Ahead of them: all."
This makes two cars having a total of her. Well, it isn't, but I shall not
827 half-crates today from both -places. encourage vanity in so young a Art Catalogue I cents in Stamps.
Tropical Sun. child." "

We were shown this week in the "But you don't wear red yourselffor
real estate office of I. S. Singletarywhat the same reason," insisted the KEATING WHEEL CO., HOLYOKE, MASS.
was said to be a genuine cab- I friend.

bage palm tree, which was brought in "No; but then I have sense enoughtc
by Billy Robberts, who secured it decide wisely rf and then forget w the

ten miles east of Cape Sable. This matter. Grace may do as she pleases continually torments. "I think," loses none of its nourishing qualities,
tree must not be confused with by and by." she concluded, with a laugh, "I'll it is especially nice for hot weather as it
the common palmetto cabbage foundin Argument seemed thrown away. make my children good in pretty requires no cooking.If .
this and other counties of Florida, The friend was silenced, but took an dresses first. And when they've your grocer does not keep it ask
it is quite distinct from this tree. inward vow to make a few of the grown strong enough to bear it, him to send to the manufacturers fora
The specimen referred to is only a prettiest frocks she could design for I'll begin to insist that they shall be sample box. I know you will
few inches in diameter and stood 15 her own little daughters, and to equally good in ugly ones. That's a like it. ELIZABETH.
feet in height. The wood is very choose styles and colors with special natural development, and the other .
hard and exceedingly heavy. About reference to their becomingness. And isn't."Harper's Bazaar. Three Hints.
the boots of the leaves is a fine down, I when, afterward, some one remarkedthe ...
which makes a very fine mattress.- extreme care she took in the mat- Shredded Whole-wheat Biscuit. UNFINISHED FURNITURE.Perhapssome
Tropical News. ter, she repeated the little anecdoteand For Our Rural Home. sister is like myself, obliged to
Lewis P. Ord, an engineer in the her own lesson drawn from it. I wonder if this valuable article of count the coppers pretty closely in
employ of W. A. Flagler has been sur- "It seems to me," she concluded, diet has found a welcome in Florida?' these hard times, and yet would like
veying and platting the remainder of gravely, "that the child's spirit and It has been upon the market but a'' to keep up as good an appearance as
of than short time but has her means allow. Do you know that
the Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist temper are more consequence comparatively ,
Camp Grounds. He has also laid out .. the frock she wears. Red, blue or quite taken New England by storm, nicely shaped furniture with the wood-
a route for spur from the Atlantic and green is of no particular consequence.Nor as an appetizing and nourishing breakfast -i work finished, but in "the white" as
Western R. R. to the ground. A is the style; it is as easy to makea dish. There are many ways of they call it, that is covered only with
new Auditorium is to be built this thing becoming as the reverse. I serving it, but the most popular wayis white cotton, and without the final
children look crumb it into milk add a little cover, can be bought much more
coming season toward which many like, too, to see the to ,
business men of DeLand have con- pretty rather than ugly. All this is sweet cream and sugar, eating it as you cheaply than it will cost finished, even
tributed. Lots are leased (for twentytwo my side of the matter. On their side, would bread and milk or oatmeal and after the upper covers are bought and
new cottages to be erected before it hurts their spirit to have remarks milk. paid for? Of course your work goes
the meeting of f 1897. The manage made about them by other people. It It has the whole- properties of the- (for nothing, but we do not care for
think I couldso I and is and baked light that, and any woman of average inge-
ment seems dauntless in their determination hurts their feelings to grain prepared
and without the aid of shorten. nuity can cover a chair or sofa well,
I
to make this naturally injure them, unless was obligedto crisp,
I have little notions making it especially if she is but careful. The buttons are
beautiful spot a prominent winter resort do. And if they I ing or baking powders,
of dress it is bet- to of sensitive the most bothersome to put on, but a
and notwithstanding many diffi-- about some matter adapted people
culties with which they have had to ter not to notice too much the notion, digestion, long upholsterer's meedle will simplify
contend are meeting with deserved but to quietly see that there is no It comes in paper boxes, one dozen that.
success. Already the movement has cause why it should torment them. I biscuit in each, and will keep well in PAPERING.-Rich, or even well-to-
attracted the attention of people from think, too, it is really easier to be goodin any climate, and retails for 12 cents do women need not read this, but I
many parts of the country and a strong a pretty dress than in an ugly one.I per box. It is manufactured by the have found it answer very well.
local interest is manifest even by those know it is easier to forget the dress Worcester Cereal Machine Company, Paper a room with the yellow-brown
who do not agree with the religious and think only of the goodness, be- Worcester, Mass.being manufacturedby wrapping paper that shopkeepers use,
views entertained by these people.- cause it is easier to forget a satisfac- means of a machine that crushes and that comes very cheap. It is
Lake Helen item in DeLand Record. tory thing than one whose hatefulness and strains the pulp, in a way that easily put on, as there is no matching



-



1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 409*

-
.
to do, and makes a very pretty deli- richness to the blood and restore shattered
YOUNG AT FIFTY.HOW
cate background for pictures, etc. Puta nerves. They are for sale by all druggists, _
be had mail from Dr. Williams'
or may by 1
wide border at the bottom and a
Medicine Company, Schenectady, N. Y.,
narrower one at the top, whose i A METHODIST MINISTER for 50 cents a box, or six boxes for 250. :

groundwork matches the color, but OARRIES HIS YEARS. -....-..--_ 1

with clusters or wreaths of flowers, The ladies of Zellwood have taken
..
ferns or vines of contrasting colors, or Key. AVro. Young:of Oswego, Tells a Reporter up the matter of clayed roadways, and -..11 k

put a dado of bright wall paper used Ills Secret of Good Health- under their efficient management a -. LINE w.v .. ,

lengthwise with border to match at Will Surely Benefit EveryoneWho large amount of volunteer work has :<
Follows Advice.
at the top. You will be surprised at Ills been done. Since the work was in-
From the Times Oswego N. Y.
the beauty of the room when finished, augurated there have been several t
is better known ..
but even better pleased with its air of more Probably no man in Oswego, N. Y.or, "meets," and quite a stretch of the

neatness.A than Rev. William: Young,of the Methodist \ old heavy sand roads buried from

GRANDFATHER'S CLOCK.-Would Church. Mr. Young has not a Con- the sight of this generation by a thick Shortest, Quickest, Most AttractiveROUTE

ference appointment, but holds a respon- coat of colored clay which is
you like one? I did, and longed for golden : )
jle position with the Oswego City Savings -
the hardness of
already assuming a
a day in vain because they were
many Bank, where he has been a trusty BETWEEN
so awfully dear, but at last I got an employe for the past twenty years.In well laid floor. It has been ascer- FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH

idea in my head, and went to our vil the spring of 1894 Mr.\ Young lookedas tained that the clay being used (whichis TII$

lage handy man to tell him to make if his time on earth was limited and also a donation from one of our Florida Central and ?PeninsularNew

me a case exactly shaped like a genuine that he would be laid at rest with the citizens) is of the best quality for this

old tall clock he owned. He didso great majority before snow covered the purpose, and soon packs hard and remains THROUGH ROUTES.
ground. But, instead of failing as was after rains. New York to Jacksonville by
giving it what he called an antique predicted, he soon gained a more healthy so, even heavy New Florida Pennsylvania K. R. to Washington -

k finish, and putting a strong little shelf look and appeared stronger. As months Pineapples are being shipped quite Northern and I Columbia, Southern, Florida Railway Central to&

inside just under the octagon glass in went by this improvement continued, rapidly this week. The crop is goingto Air Line. Peninsular to all principal

the top. John now took this case to until now he is as rugged and apparentlyas be much smaller than was expectedbut points in Florida.

our jeweler, who fitted the works of a although healthy his as a young locks'denote man of a man thirty of, we hope that prices will be better Cincinnati lion by Queen to Harriman& Crescent JuncCincinnati. -

clock into it gray that account and in this makeup Harriman Junction to Asbo-
common coarse-looking on
; more advanced age. A Times reporter, way Asheville & I yule and Columbia by South"
but when taken out of its own case determined to find out what had made the deficiency.-Eden item in ern Hallway, and Florida

and fastened to the shelf in my grand- this; great and it might be said phenomenal Florida Star. Jacksonville j bia Central to Jacksonville.&Pensnsular Columj -

._A father's clock case, this took on quite change, called upon Mr.\ Young at the .' Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
bank and put the question direct, and Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
a different expression. I like it justas received the following reply: The watermelon season is in full and Southern K'y to Ever-
well and quite proud as I :Florida)etto,Florida Central & Peninsular -
am as "In truth I am a changed man, and I blast and many car loads are daily Limited. to all important Florida
should be if it had come over in the owe my present good health to Dr. Will- going north from this region. Tues points.

Mayflower.-Country Gentleman.J. iams' Pink Pills. In the Spring of 1894: day seven carloads of melons came Kansas Kansas City Fort Scott &
I[ was all run down and had commenedto andJackgo'Yille City Memphis R.R.to Kansas y,
; think that my time had come. I had over on the St. J. & L. E. division of 1 to Birmingham Southern RV

E. Futch, of LaCrosse, has hit to; be prescribed for by physicians, and the Plant System, most of them having Thr o' Line to Peninsular Everette to, Fla.all Fla.Central points.&

upon a good scheme for covering veg- although I received temporary relief, the been shipped by Hon. B. E. :McLin, Louis to Jacksonville by

etables to protect them from the cold. same old trouble came back again and I of Umatilla.-Leesburg Commercial.) 1St. Short Central Line to to Du Quoin,
,
Holly Sp'ga Sp'ga
He has planted one; and one-half acres was worse than before. I had no strengthor lloute.Ilolly City, Memphis & Birmingham -
appetite, and physically I was in a The scuppernong crop, we reget to to Birmingham,Sou.
in gourds of the large size variety and miserable condition. After my work I say will be light. As last year, this J K'y to Everette and F.! C.&P.

expects a yield of several thousand.In would go home, but the general lassitude grape bloomed profusely, but for the Sioux City& Chicago to Jack-
the winter he will saw the gourds which hung over me left me without any Sp'gs sonville.' 111. Cent. to hollyIloute.
same reason as last season, the fruit }SP gs, K., C. 31. & B. to Birmingham
half in two and use each part to cover ambition, and when I would go to the I Sou. R'y to Ever-
the table; to eat, my appetite failed me and I failed to set, as the blossoming came ette and the F. C. & P.
Sun.
plant.-Gainesville would have to leave without taking hardly during a season of severe drouth and Louis'ille &Nash'illo to Rive
On Saturday last the meeting of the New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
nourishment. My kidneys the flowers did fertilize.
any were not The par- To }route with through sleepersJackso'ville
Horticultural Association was held, also badly affected, and I was in utter tial failure of the is a between New Orleans and
President B. N. Bradt in the chair.It despair. One day, here at the bank, I misfortune scuppernong Jacksonville.The .
settled till the first happened to pick up one of the local great as it is the most gen- F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
to
was adjourn and fell erally planted of all and a uni- Florida running through the
advertise- grapes
papers, my eye on an Tobacco ,
llt11.on"Stock
in membersare
t Saturday September, as ment of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. The versal favorite.-Halifax Journal.Mr. Fanning and Dairy' Section,
very busy with their groves, etc., advertisement gave a description of a Peach and Strawberry Lands,
0. H. Chandler, who returned Orange, Banana and Pineapple Co\ntryt
andxcan hardly spare an afternoon, man who, afflicted as I then was, had Belt.
unless there is some base ball or a picnic been cured by using Dr. Willims' Pink from a trip to Banana river the first of Phosphate Has the Silver Spring and

on.-Florida Philosopher. Pills. I was not a believer in that kindof the present week, brought to our officea Other Fine Scenery.

doctoring, but concluded as a last specimen of the serpent cucumber, The Great Beatles Hunting the Noted Country Fishing Ground.

resort to try a box of the pills, makingup which was raised by Captain R. M. Has the best lands for tillage,greatest variety
A Prophesy of the Palatka "Times- my mind that if they did not help me of soils in the State,and above all
Benham at Canaveral who wants
Herald." I certainly would not bo injured any. Runs over the Central RIdgeland
Going to a drug store, I purchased a box another homestead .at Canaveral to Where It Is High and Healthy. .
of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills and com- raise cucumbers on. This cucum. Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
"Florida will become,and that soon, the best freight facilities for any produce to
menced taking them according to direc- ber is certainly rightly named serpent.It the: Northern markets.
; a field for investment equal, if not su- rections. Very soon after I began to feel resembles a snake coiled Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
perior, to any other in this country. better and I saw I had made no mistakein green up free) and note the towns on its route. '
to startle when A.O.ilAODONELLG.P.A ,
so closely as
Those who have money to invest will trying the pills, and before the first anyone I Jacksonville,Fla.
box emptied I felt much they look at it. In length it measures -
not be slow to see this and was so improved !
;; in Florida will be desirable., property Those that I immediately purchased another.I 3354 inches. It i is edible and quite a The Fla. Cent & Peninsular R. R.
I had taken seven boxes of the pills,and curiosity to most
people.FloridaStar.
j who see only hard work ahead of them :. Offers to ShippersThe
at tho end of last summer I felt I was .
and allow their pessimistic dispositionsto entirely cured and discontinued their use, Shortest and Quickest Route

blind them to the natural probabilities but always keep a box handy if occasion How's This! BETWEEN
requires. I am now entirely cured. Tho
of the future will for
see cause re
lassitude has left me, my kidneys are all We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
gret. In a year or two Florida will be right and my appetite-well, you shouldsee for any case of Catarrh that cannot be THE EAST AND WEST.With .

one of the most prosperous States in me at the table. I am a new man cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. Improved Ventilated Cars,this com-

the Union." again, and instead of feeling like a man J. CHENEY & CO. pany is better equipped than ever ever to
Props.,
of fifty, which is my age, feel like a Toledo, 0. insure handle close the Orange connections and Vegetable and prompt Crops despatchto ,and

Don't Go North youngster of twenty, and I give Dr. We the undersigned have known F. J. all Eastern and Western Markets.
t Williams' Pink Pills the full credit for Through, cars to destination with
for the last fifteen and be-
-
this great change. I have recommended Cheney years, out change or delay.
_ when want a cool place to spend lieve him perfectly honorable in all busi-
you
these pills to several of my neighborsand Perishable freight followed by wire and
your summer vacation. The Florida acquaintances who have been relievedof ness transactions and financially able to shippers advised time passing various junction -
carry out any obligation made by their points and arrival at destination.All .
beaches are superior to anything northof their complaints'William firm. claims for overcharges and loss promptly -

us, and the Daytona beach is now Young, being duly sworn, de- WEST & TKUAX adjusted.
,
the most The Colonnades poses and says he is the gentleman referred See that your goods are markedvia
popular. new to in the above interview, and it Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, 0. F. C. & P. R. R. .
hotel, opposite Daytona, has ample is true in every WTALBINO, KINNAN & MARVIN\ For Information call on or address the undersigned .
and comfortable accommodations for respect.WILLIAM YOUNG. Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, 0. :
C. E. TAYLOR,Trav.A'gt.Ocala,Fla.
all who wish to spend their vacationon Subscribed and sworn to before me this Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A' 't,Orlando Fla.
the seashore. 25th day of May, 1895. acting directly upon the blood and mu- G. M.HOLDEN,Trav. A*gt, Leesburg,,Fit
BE& AnD GALLAGHER, Notary Public.Dr. cous surfaces of the system. Price 75c. W.R. FULLER.Trav.A'gjt,Tampa. }!a.
Or N.S. PENNINGTON Traffic Manager,
Williams'Pink Pills contain all the per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Tes- Jacksonville,Fla. .
I Enforce the laws against gambling. elements necessary to give new life and imonials free. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Aft







....- .... . .. -.



.



.


.
410 THB FLORIDA PABMEB AND FBUTT-GEOWBB. JUNE 27,

i

Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower charges.-Redlands Citrograph. The with Mr. Adams'; but we will take up depend upon the stamp of the govern-
Californians are so far away that the implication which is plainly conveyed ment alone to cause it to circulate,and

A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main they have to be enterprising in manu- by this and other passages in that when it is made redeemable,thenit
Street Jacksonville.Fla. factures. Florida folds her hands and the article, that the acceptance and is not "fiat money." I have

lets the Northern people make every- use of a railroad pass by an editor induce thought that there is a great deal of
TERMS OF! SUBSCRIPTION thing for her, because they are so moral obliquity in his writingsand confusion in the public mind on this

Por One Tear ..............u.n..un.nu.=2.00 handy; and we for it, if it takes whieh if cleared would do
pay more in what he point
For Six Months....................... ..... 1.00 particularly, up
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 our last melon and our last quart of does not write. The acceptance of a much good. I do not understandthat
:1rBubecrip in all cases cash in strawberries, pass is a business transaction; it is a the United States has ever yet
advance. No discount allowed on one's 4.... species of old fashioned barter; one embarked in the fiat business. I
own subscription(except in a club), butte The California Fruit Grower givesan party giving transportation, the other have supposed fiatism to be a creation

be all allowed agents a on liberal all subscriptions cash commission obtainedby will account of a new process for ridding giving advertising. It is just the o' dreamers, impossible of realization.Your .

them. Write for terms. fruit trees of scale and other pests same as if the grower should pay for language seems to imply that

To every new subscriber we will send, by means of steam combined with his transportation or freight charges you consider our silver money, as
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- sulphur vapors and other chemicals. It with the wares which he has for sale, now used, to be part fiat. Instead of
ing in Florida." For two new subscribers quotes from an Australian paper which for instance, cabbages or potatoes. that view, I believe the missing forty-
at $2.00 each, we will send,
postpaid 1, a copy of Moore's "Orange pronounces the process very success- The transportation which editors receive five or fifty cents in our silver dollaris
Oulture." ful in that country. is not a clear gift on the part of made good by the fact that the government

Rates of advertising on application. the railroads; it is paid for with an redeems them indirectlywith

Remittances should be made by check, We hope a large number of our equivalent of commercial value, to- gold, and that if it did not do so,
postal note money order or registered subscribers this year will use an appli- wit, advertising space. :Mr. Adams we would soon see that the fiat supposed
letter to order of cation of potash in some form on their has recognized the value of that article to be so potent by many, wouldbe

FARMER AND FBUIT GROWER. sweet potato crop before it is too far by inserting advertisments in our found to have been a delusion.

Jacksonville, Fla. advanced in growth. From experience columns. He says the newspapers are This brings me to the point where
we can say that the potatoes "the moulders of public opinion," you condemn greenbacks because

CONTENTS.How grown with enough potash salts in the therefore their space ought to have they draw gold from the U. S. treas-

Railroads Can Make Business; Louisiana soil are as much better than those considerable value. The transportation ury. I want to ask what difference
Speaks;So Does Mississippi o. 0 .. 402 grown without them as the tuber furnished to the editor of this paper does it make to anyone as to what is
Humus In Its Relation to Soil Fertility; How when cooked tastes better with is measured accurately against so
common
used to the if all
gold
our
I Plant and ... get money
Peach Orchard.
Manage a 403 inches of dollar
for
salt than without. many space, dol
is be made
The Perfume Industry In Australia; Notes lar.Ve to as good as gold. If we
From Hillsboro County...........0.....0 404 presume other papers have did not use greenbacks as the direct
One of the basest similar
The Calley Guava; Pineapple Sheds;Stand and most contemptible anangements. means of getting gold there would
ard Peach Crates;Celery Culture in the uses of agricultural journalism Disposing of this matter in the way have to be some other to reach
South...0................................. 405 is to be seeking all the while to above indicated we hold ourself free the gold in the treasury way or all others
Clean Culture Indispensable to Successful stir the of the (
up animosity armersagainst to write about railroad
a would
managers immediately depreciate
Strawberry Growing; A New Tobacco money ,
the
Pest.'_'................................... 406 monied classes of the business men, as we should of any other or, what is the same thing practically,
Harvesting Corn .... ...... ...... ... ........ 407 cities and the men who sit in high business men. We could not do gold would go to a premium and out
POULTRY-Cleaning Earth Floors; Material places, in Congress, in the various otherwise, for we never attempt to do of use as money in the business of
for Nest Boxes; The Best Roosts; Advan- courts, in legislatures, etc. It is no business by means of and
tages of One Breed........................ 407 r particular of be sneers sar- this country. Now I believe it is of
OUR RURAL HOME-A Little Thought;Shred guarantee honesty to casm. The Farmer and Fruit Grow immense importance to the welfare
ded Whole Wheat Biscuit;Three Hints.. 408 always calling somebody a rascal ; i in er and the Agriculturists the friends of our people that our circulating
A Prophesy of the Palatka "Times-Herald"; fact, the majority of men are inclinedto and champions of the growers, hale medium should be kept stable and as

: Don't Go North ......................... 409 draw the opposite inference. Thereare over and over again printed straight good as gold. I am firmly of the
EDITORIAL-Riding on a Pass; Silver and of course, rogues and worthless forward statements of facts I I
Fiatism ................................ 410 dudes in the cities but find that tending t tt toI opinion thas none of us will live to
Markets................. ............... .... 411 ; we t show the railroad managers that the see greenbacks done away with.
Weather and Crops............................. 412 the greater part of city dwellers live present freight rates are too high, not t They are extremely popular with the
Live stock-The Pence and Stock Question; by labor, either of hand or brain, only for the interests of the growersbut people, and under our style of gov-
Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Protective which is just as legitimate and honorable for their own in the long run ernment man or set of who
Association of Lake County ........ ...... 412 as farming. We to do the any men
Railway Extortion ........................... 414 .. expect same thing i in attack them will be relegated to private
Railroad Rates;Lady Birds .. .........0.... 416 the future, whenever we think any life as soon as the people can get
... Riding on a Pass. good purpose is to be subserved by i it; at him or them. Hence greenbackshave

Weather. in Jacksonville.Week In another column we reproducefrom passes or no passes. come to stay, and your objection,
Ending June 15,1896ToUl the Southern Ruralist an articleon If a grocer makes an overcharge for which is also Mr. Cleveland's will not

a. ei. Railway Extortion, written by :Mr. rice we do not write to the papers, count with the people.
DaTE 11 A. p q' .a.G y !o.e C.'";: Dudley W. Adams. In one passageMr. employing sneers and sarcasm about There is much more suggested by

__ _- -GO -GO -:s -)1 )1 Adams writes, From Mt. Dorato him. We endeavor to convince him your article which would be interest
-
June 16........ 74 76 8S 6g 16 77 -.00 Sanford a passenger (who does nor t that his price is exorbitant, and if we ing matter for discussion, but I will
....
June June 1 18.7.......... 74 73 80 7.5 90 920 6g 21 22 81 80 edit a paper and ride on a pass) can cannot succeed in so doing, we carry not trespass on your patience or space
19........ 77 73 85 6g 16"i7 1.79 ride for 5 cents a mile." In another our trade somewhere else. Unfortunately further at this time. But I could not
.......
June 21.20........ 74 17 77 76 84 83 14 71 13 9 78 78 .00.04 place he writes, "Then I am movedto the grower who has only oneline resist the temptation to say what I
22........ 7S So 86 74 u 80 .07 ask who do not the managers raisethe of railroad at his command have for greenbacks and against
-
-
-
Mean....... 75 77 86 71 16 -792.75- rates to a paying basis?' There i is cannot carry his trade somewherei. fiatism.
rainfall. no law against it and it is doubtful if That is one reason why we W. E. DRISCOLL.

A. J.__MITCHELL. Observer. there ever will be so long as the need a just and fair Railroad Commission Manatee, Fla.

This I.. moulders of public opinion ride on -a measure which this journalhas There is undoubtedly a considerable -
spring's drouth was favorable passes. The issue of passes accomplishes i. repeatedly advocated and whichit looseness in the popular use of '
the
to Orlando farmers on low lands. The the object for which they wereintended. will continue to advocate on suitable ithe word "fiat". All paper money is
papers give a list of truckerson "
occasions. "
"fiat that is it is
the money, really not
muck lands
sawgrass aroundApopka Now there is a grave charge in this; -4. ." money at all, but only a promise to
Lake
who
said
are to have
netted this spring all the from paragraph which a self respectin g Silver and Flatism. pay money. The deficient forty-
way Florida editor can hardly permit t to Editor Farmer Fruit-Grower: five or fifty cents in our present silver
$1,000 to
up $10,000 apiece. pass unchallenged. We will not stop In an editorial entitled "Silver and dollar is fiat money, because the government ,
.
.
to argue whether the editors are or Paper'in your journal for June 13, agrees practically to make it
Antioch ought to be a pretty lively( are not the "moulders of public opinion you use the following language: good, in gold. It is the policy of thee
place. It has a goodly sized paper; ;; perhaps it is too high praise, iit "And the people will never car government to keep all its varieties

mill, a big pottery and a distillery. least when carried to the point of i implying whether these certificates (silver) are of the circulating medium on a parity,

The paper mill uses up the straw of that the teachings of the journals ii- partly fiat or not, so long as the. government every one as good as the other; hence
the county, the pottery digs its clay of Florida are so potent that the is known to have enough the silver and the silver certificate are
out of the county's soil and the distillery Legislature will never be able to white coin or bullion on hand to redeem interchangeable with gold and there

makes a market for the coun.ty's break away from their influence and them. fore, in popular use, as good as gold.
grain. The raw materials are enact legislation which the I do
any press not understand that there As our correspondent suggests,
,. converted into usable articles before and the railroads might consider inimical is any "fiat" in money which is to be> "fiat money" in the rigid meaning of
leaving the county, thus condensing' I to the interests of the latter. redeemed. I have understood fiatismto the term, is impossible, because nobody
the articles and saving transportation On this point we will not contend be the issue of paper which is to not even the most rabid infla-






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TUB FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .. '4ii .

-- ----

tionist, would accept a. piece of paper I Early Rivers brought 1.75 to 2.25, and I THE

the poorer lots considerably less, and a few
stamped by government as $1.00or
$10.00 unless it also bore the fancy large red in at the close are bring-
ing higher prices. Receipts of other sorts FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF 0 FLORIDA

promise of the government to pay -Alexander, Beatrice, etc.-have run ,

$1.00 or $10.00. light but few are wanted.
JACKsoNv114i4E
We have no quarrel with the green- Grapes-Florida Niagara, per case 1.00 .

backs or any paper money if the government to Pears-A 1.50. few LeConte have appearedfrom The Oldest National Bank in the State.

can only contrive some wayto Florida; rather small as yet, but of CHARTERED 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED
1894.
keep its greenbacks and its gold fair quality otherwise; they sold on ,
By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
too. If the earned
6.00 bbl. Fri
government only Wednesday to 7.00 per strength and ability to meet legitimate demands.We .
gold enough, by means of a properly day's arrivals went. lower. buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
drafts all of the world.
on parts
adjusted tariff, to keep its reserve intact Melons. We invite a visit or correspondence looking toward business relations., assuring you that your
then the greenbacks could stay Receipts of muskmelons have been favors shall at aU times receive intelligent and careful attention

there and give nobody trouble. large and generally inferior; they are JAMES M. SCHUMACHER .
any mostly dead green, and even when they R. C. COOLEY
The truth is, the tariff ought to be revised ripen they are flat flavored and poor. President. Cashier.

only about once in ten years, Fancy would sell well,perhaps, but these Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
and that by a competent commission poor goods are greatly neglected and
of offered at any reasonable bid. Some fine
.thoroughly independent politicalbias
Tomatoes-We have had liberal arriv
stock from New had
large Orleans early
dictation. i Bradley RedJUld.[ Eugene B. Rcdfleld.[
or ala of Mississippi cases early in the I I
I sales at 6.00 to 8.00 per bbl but the., are ;
closing lower and irregular. week sales were chiefly at and below 1.00, ESTABLISHED 1871.

Watermelons been in large supply, many going at 75 to 85c, but on Wednesday REDFIELD & SON,
riarkets. mostly by steamer. Prices fell underWednesday's the price picked up a little and fancy
lots have since ruled fairly steady. For
receipts to a range of 125 to Commission MerchantsAND
florida stock there has been a little better -
WWWW 200 per carload with most sales at about
150 broken 12.00 to 23.00 clearance and a little better average .
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 26. ; cars ranged per
100 with most sales at about 15.00 to 18.00. though prices are low. Some of the best Fruit Auctioneers
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. There was a little better clearance on lots have been placed at 1.12 to 1.25 per ,
Corrected by Marx Bros. carrier, but more have sold at 75c to 1.00
Thursday and morning in
on Friday 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
These are average quotations. Extra choice absence of Savannah steamer stock than higher; most lots run small and unhealthy -
Iota lot fetch ad lower.prices above top quotations,while poor cleaned up closely at firmer prices. was But looking. A few Savannah lots We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,

Peaches,carrier........ ............ 1.25101.50 the ship got in finally with 33 car loads. have sold at 1.00 to 1.25. Some from Nor- our either custom at private) or by sale the(which auction has system heretofore(recently been

Grapes,.crate,.. 1.35101.50.10 to .20 These are working out fairly well, generally folk-absolutely green and immatureare added to our business)as you may desire.

Cauteloupes, bbl. Scarce .. ....... 2.00102.50 in range of 150 to 225 per car witha practically worthless. FRENCH & Co.
Pines,crate ........3.00103.50 few extra fine a shade higher. .
Lemons, Messina, .... 300 Pittsburg Market.

English Peas, Clay.Peas, bushel, dried.,........... ....... 1.50.85 Receipts since Potatoes.Monday 131,537 barrels Cucumbers, Southern, bushel, 1.00 to lorida
*' Whippoorwill. ................ 1.00 1.25; per bbl., 2.00 to 3.00; New onions, l Lands
44 Lady.........?_. 1.25 including 106,263 barrels Southern new. Southern, bbl., 1.50 to 2.00 bushel; 50 to
11 Blackeye..... .................. 1.50 The increase of receipts is from Virginiaand crate to
Browne a ....... ... i.oo North Carolina whence shipmentsare 75c. Eggplants, 2.00 3.00. Oranges
Peanuts,best to .06 Uantelopes, sugar bbls., 4.00 to 6.00; flour
Cabbage Florida, bbl i.ootoi.zs now reaching the height. From bbls., 2.50 to 3.00; per bushel, 1.50 to 1.75.
Potatoes, Western, bbl points farther south the
235
Watermelons large 100, 25.00 to
44 5 barrel lots.... 2.00 off and the season for Savannah and per Resorts
Florida not wanted.. ........ 30.00. Green Corn, bushel, 1.00 to 1.50.
Onions, New Florida crate..... ..... i.oo Charleston stock is practically over. The SOMERS, BRO. & Co. nvestments
Egyptian, 2 bushel sack... a.zs week opened with large arrivals but lit .
E gp.-- ..-.-. .14 tle change in prices for choice large stockin On the 4th of May an electrical exposition -

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. full sized barrels. was held in New York, at which time .::Developments
On Friday the situation almost beg- Governor Morton fired a cannon at Augusta
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
gared description. Fresh arrivals were Maine; St Paul, Minnesota; New Infractions
Yellow Yams bush ........ .40 nearly 80,000 barrels and, without regardto Orleans, La., and San Francisco, Cal. '
-Sweet Potatoes.
Hubbard squash, 3510 1.50 40 prices, it was simply impossible to Power was transmitted from Niagara j5> Atldr. i,

Lettuce, .. ioto .25 move more than a part of the goods. Falls to New York to operate the machinery G. D. ACKERLY,
Celery ..-._ .30 to .40 Receivers pulled! the wires in every direc- ,and the thunder of Niagara Falls was FTHETROPICALTRUNKLINE

Tomatoes Egg Plants crates. ._....3.00103.00 to 1.00 tion, north and east, but other markets heard in New York City. At the same GENERAL PASSENCCR AGENT,
Sweet Pepper,bu. ... 1.50 were also overloaded and there was no time Dr Chauncey Depew transmitted a .
Green 44 Beans,crate.......... to .75 relief. The finest marks of Rose soon message around the world. The next JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA. "-
Peas,crate-
Turnips,bunch......... .0310.06 1.00 fell to 1.50 with the bulk of supply of- move of Edison is to construct an electric
Pumpkins, .0510 .10 fered at 1.00 to 1.25 and no reasonablebids apparatus to see objects in distant partsof
... ....... .........
Kershaws, each. 05 to .10 refused. A few of the fanciest Chili the world, as well as to transmit mes- SOMERS BROTHER & CO.
.
Parsley, doz. bunches to .10 ,
Green onions per ,per doz. bunches....... .05 15 to.25 Reds sold early at 1.50 but later 1.25 was sages and sounds. In Germany plowingis PITTSBURGH, PA.
Pepper,hot,bushel,..... 1.50 I accepted for equal quality and many sales done by electricity. The farmer, it
Sage, well cured, .... .25 I were at 1.00. The greatest difficulty was seems, is to enjoy the blessings of this Fruits and Produce
Hens........ ... .
-- -n. .30
Roosters...-....-._....-. .25 with small marks Dinning from 2 or 3 wonderful agent in the near future. Receive and sell in ear load loU and maller
Half grown...._...._.15 to .20 bbls up to 10 or 15; these hung and hung quantities..all ProdacU of the Orchard G&rdj
Turkeys, per pound.gross.._.... .10 to .12 and it almost to Dairy Hennery and Farm.
appeared impossible get The Louisville and Nashville Railway
Ducks......... ..
to .30 Send for little book" "
oar 'Surge tlons to ,
Geese. ............... .35 anyone to look at them. Company have purchased an entire block Beporti Special Reference,Btencili,Shippers etc.,all free.tutu
New Beets,per .... .... 40 to .75 To-day (Saturday) with further heavy in! the city of St. Louis, and will erect I Inquiries and Correspondence Invited.
WaterCress,per doz. bunches ..... ,None. arrivals and supply nearly all more or hereon; twenty-five stores and commission
Cauliflower -- --- -- --
Leeks per doz bunches.............. .25 less defective, with warm weather and houses, etc. Cold storage will be
Radishes per .to to .20 stock going down in condition, there is provided, and also ample facilities for
Cucumbers, to .75 no hope of any thing like a clearance. handling perishable Southern products to
.
barrel I
New Potatoes,per ]bushel per ..._............None.1.50102.50Spinach Very fancy goods might bring a slight the best advantage. This is a commend- QUICK WORK,
Cabbage, Florida to .06 premium, but our figures coyer most sales, able movement,and worthy of other great
........ In selling and paying for Fruits and Vegetables
.
dozen bunches
Salsify, per .25 to .30 and bids within
... reason being gladly accepted lines reaching the South. When the shipped to us is our motto. WE
Plums per bushel. ..?.. ... .. ..... .60 to I 00
Summer Squash crate.. ........M .50 to .75 and thousands of barrels will transportation companies purchase the GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Cantaloupes,bbl .... 2.0010300 have to be carried over.Vegetables.. producers' crops direct from their fields, FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
Lima .'eansquart.... ...... ........ .10 the and commission BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
Green Corn doz transportation ques- our 40 years experience without default
7to.io
per Imports for week: from Bermuda 29,721 tions will be on a good road to solution. ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
The freight trains will then freightso financial stability which any bank or
crates onions, and 409 pkgs other vegeta- carry merchants having mercantile reports can
New York Markets. bles; from Liverpool 1,392 bags and 500 long as it will pay better to run thanto try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
half-cases onions. I be idle. METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send

-1 Domestic Fruits. Receipts of Southern vegetables since your cards name free.for Letters our quotations.promptly Stencil answered.and

Receipts from southerly points since Monday: By Pennsylvania railroad at The pineapple industry of Florida will

Monday: By Pennsylvania railroad at pier 29, 2,022 pkgs onions,6,215 pkgs cab- receive an impetus when transportation FRENCH & CO.,

pier 29,11 cars watermelons, 2,685 pkgs bage, 7,458 pkgs beans, 914 pkgs peas, facilities-good service, rapid movementof
muskmelons, 1,691 pkgs peaches, 2,948 32,269 pkgs cucumbers, 6,733 pkgs tomatoes the crop, and cheap carriage all of 116 Warren St., New York.ESTABLISIiED .
pkgs berries and 223 pkgs various. By and 1,038 pkgs various. By same which are coming-shall be realized.
same at Jersey City 3,111 pks. By Savannah at Jersey City 2,082 pkgs various. By The markets of the Middle and Western 1855.

steamers 82 cars watermelons. Old Dominion Line 11,400 pkgs cabbages, States will then be reached, and pineapples
Peaches-Arrivals have been small, but 800 bbls and 7,200 crates cucumbers and oranges grape fruit and lemons will
of the ordinary early kinds generally 13,050 pkgs beans. By Savannah steam- become staples, and as common and as
shown a few are enough; any considerable ers 20,966 pks, mostly tomatoes and cu necessary in Northern homes as ap- :Mr. Charles R. Dodge, U. S. Agent for
supply of them would be unsaleableat cumbers. ples and pears and peaches. Then the fiber investigation,says the pineapple fiber

profitable prices. Buyers have been Eggplants-Florida, per bbl, 3.00 to strawberry season will continue from industry gives little promise' of success. ,
looking for choice peaches,and a few well 5.00; corn, N. C.. per 100, 75c to 1.25. March till September. All the year Like ramie,the difficulty is in the lack of ;
colored Bidwell and Peen-to from Florida Squash-A dead cock in the pit. Offerings round fruit will then be no longer a luxury decorticating machinery that will reduce

have been taken quite promptly at 3.00 of Southern drag heavily and are but a necessity in the homes of the the raw material successfully and eco

to 4.00 per carrier. A few fair to choice sold any bid. poor as well as the rich. nomically.1896. .


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.
412 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JUNE 27,

.
:- -

WEATHER AND CROPS. ers; corn and other crops look well; DeSoto, Avon Park-Abundant

For the Week -Ending; June 22d. melon shipments well under way.- I rains helping everything on high lands; Dver-Profit Paying

W. J. Watson.- too much for low lands; sweet pota-
Precipitation-
Walton, DeFuniak Springs The toes, cow peas and beggarweed doing Stop itGet

There has been satifactory uniformity weather very fine; few light rains; all well; pineapples and orange groves

in the distribution of rainfall, and crops doing well; shipping peaches.J. .- where cared for doing finely.-0. R. our Great Catalogue and Buyers
Guide. We'll send it for
though some sections (particularly por- T. Stubbs. Thacher.Lee 15
tions of the Central district) received cents in stamps to pay part postage
Escambia Pensacola Week all
-
The Book's free.
Myers-Nothing to say about or expressage.
considerably more than the nor- that could be desired; everything growing drouths; it is rain in all this neighborhood 700 Pages, 12000 illusjtrations, 40000
mal amount, there appears to have everything that's used
; pears look well and promise fine the tree world is the descriptions
been but little damage. Some com- yield excellent for corn.- ; enjoying in life;tells you what you ought to
plaint comes from Columbia countyto ; prospect. rains immensely; citrus .fruit not falling ] pay, whether you buy of us or not.
Trimmer.
W. H.
the effect that the heavy rains Northern District badly; melons in plenty; cabbage : One profit from maker to user. Get it*

caused damage by washing lands. Nassau, AmeliaFine: growing scarce; sweet potatoes, cow peas and MONTGOMERY\ WARD & CO.?;
: M. Gardner.A.
cane .
advancing.-M.
the Northern of the Mail Order Method
Rainfall was least over week corn much improved early Originators
; ;
district and greatest over sections of peaches poor; pears good.-C. H. J. :MITCHELL, tzi-ti6 Michigan Ave., Chicago

the Central and Southern portions of Jacques. Observer. ., II
,.
the State. !
Bradford, Lake Butler Cotton
The persistent showery conditionsover crop doing finely; the larger portionof "

the Southern district somewhat corn "laid by";; peaches ripening; Live Stock. .::1EEEEE EEEt4EE1ll..A .

retarded shipments of pineapples, al shipment of Leconte pears begins next r

though other products were advancedby week; nice rain. on ipth.John A. ::r.'ii" !.._... '

the frequent rains. King. The Fence and Stock Question.Editor .
SOFT ANSWERWorks
TemperatureThe Suwannee, :McAlpin-First part of Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
on the same plan as elasticity,but besides
temperature during the week week very hot; farmers finished plow It seems to me that as soon as the "turning away wrath". ELASTICITY turns away domestic -
. below the normalnot ing corn, it is firing badly; some com- candidates for the Legislature come and wild animals, practically Insuring the
was several degrees farmer agalnstloss. The PAGE is full of ELASTIC-
sufficient to cause any material plaint that cotton has very little fruit; around asking for votes, it will be a ITY and like the soft answer,has such a winningway.
The many peas planted.-W. B. Block. good time to question them as to what It makes friends wherever It goes.
effect on growth. sky was
crop PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mlch.
partially obscured more sunshine was Putnam, Huntington-Good rain they will do, or try to do, about the
;
desirable. Friday; crops generally doing well; fence and stock question. For my

CONDITION OF CROPS. the bud worm destroying some late part I would like a vote taken in every FLORIDA Up-to-date hand book.Horticultural Past-

planted corn.-Benj. N. Bradt. election district as to whether we are and present of tho
fruit industry. Experience and opinion of
Advices from all sections of the
Suwannee Emerson-Good week to have a no-fence law or merely to 400 leading growers. Latest practice and best
State.are favorable, reporting a methods of culture. Most recent experiencein
very for farm work; cotton growing; some have hogs confined in their owners'enclosures. orchard and market with varieties new and
marked change for the better in the little complaint of its firing; corn I would define a lawful old. Authoritative work by State Horticultural -

condition of all products. Sectionstwo shows no bad effect from drouth in fence thus: To be four and a half feet A. H.Society.ManvilleT7nniW Send $1 for last "Annual" to

weeks ago reporting very unsatis- April and May.-W. J. Clarke. high, made of four boards or four rails, Secretary, Glen I"11 Ml I nROWINn
St. Mary, Fla.
factory. outlook have now -joined the Central District: or one rail or board and three barbed

ranks of the optimists, and are able to Brevard-, Georgiana- -Vegetation- wires, the lowest one and a half feet >
see something encouraging in the renewed from the tain the passage of a local option
sweet
booming; planting potatoes; ground, securely fastened to
vigor of corn and cotton, and and trees ten feet fence law.
animal
guavas figs ripening; orange i posts apart. Every
the flattering growth of orange trees, Lake County has started the ball
making great growth.-Rev. Jas. H. I that gets under or over such a fence
not to mention the abundance of mel- White. and does damage, said damage to be rolling, and other counties should or-

ons and the fairly satisfactory, outputof Limona-Good rains paid by the owner of said animal. ganize a like movement, with pre-
Hillsborough
,
small fruits. Perhaps corn shows cinct associations to work in unison
and cloudy weather have kept up the I don't think that there is one acre
the most gratifying change since the with the county association.
condition.-E. E. Pratt. in thousand between the
growing one St. Johns
rains have fallen; many fields thoughtto Active members of the association

have been beyond all possible restoration Orange, Buda-Rain every day, river and the ocean that will be cultivated consist of the citizens of the county,

, are now green and making but none too much, large per cent of in the near future and more and who shall promise to work for the object -

rapid growth. A large quantity of corn promises fair yield; grass and better pine timber will be grown. The named above, and active mem-

corn has been "laid by." Previousto everything growing fastProctor.Lake country will be healthier if the grassis bers only are entitled to vote at the

the prevailing showers, all crops Eustis-Rainy season ap. two grazed 'off In or time burned cattle off once will in meetings of the association.

were free from grass, but great activityis pears to have begun; melons going years. men Any person who shall have shown
and fence of the
buy most land that is
now necessary to continue such satisfactory forward in large quantities from Uma- themselves to be in accord with the
unsuitable for
and
condition. Some sections tilla; trees and everything growingvery tillage keep their objects and purposes of the associa-
cattle of the time
most under fence.
report that while cotton is doing well, fast.-H. W. 0. Margary. tion shall be eligible as honorary
The that
it is not as large as at this time in Pasco Earnestville Fine custom prevails in parts of members.
growing California and Mexico
would be
1895. The concensus of opinion, a Other counties, wishing to form
week
; orange trees making good There the
good one. cattle have free
however, indicates general satisfaction -i such an association, we doubt not,
growth sweet making good
; potatoes
with the outlook for the staple.In B. Dobell. range when no crops are growing, and will be aided by information from
progress.J. all are removed or nearly all to distant
Washington county peaches are Sec'y H. o. Margary, Eustis, Fla.
Sumter, Wildwood-Copious rains pastures and kept there while the
.
. few, but the pear crop is very good,
this week everything growing well.- are growing. The few that
; crops are
especially Kieffer pears. The western Messrs. F. R. Morgan and S. F.
portion of the State will begin shipping J. H. Davis. kept (milch cows) are kept in small Gardiner of Starke were in the city
Polk, Frost Proof-Rainy season in yards. What we, the advocates of
LeConte pears within a few days. Tuesday evening. Mr. Gardiner reports -
The "blight" appears to have ceasedits full swing; nothing being planted except -i fencing the hog in, ask and demand is I Starke in a fever of excitementover
sweet W. Porter. that there shall be a fair note on the
potatoes.-F.
ravages on this fruit, hence the the large number of strawberries
If the who the
outlook for the crop is much more Orange, Orlando-Crop conditions present question.law to stand people have the want most being shipped from that point. He

satisfactory.An constantly improving; potato planting votes we will cheerfully submit but says Mr. Brownlee picked 35 crates

enormous quantity of sweet active; melon crop being moved; if we,have the most votes they can, do (which is a total of 1,120 quarts) off

potato slips have been set with vege- truckers have made more money than less. M. CHESEBRO. one acre last Tuesday-Hampton

tables and melons in great plenty. for several years.J.J. M. Rice. no Plummer Fla. Item in Starke Telegraph. We are

The majority of counties in the State personally acquainted with Mr.
Southern Dlsn"tIanatee. / .
recently planted tobacco, which is : Brownlee, and he states that the

progressing favorably.CORRESPONDENTS'. Manatee Weather per- Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Pro- above is a great exaggeration. He

REMARKS. fect for this season; corn that was tective Association of Lake picked thirty-one crates (bushels) at

(District County,Station, Correspondent.) damaged by drouth will recover; fruit County. one picking from 28,000 plants, whichis

1 Western District: trees and fruits doing well.-A. J. The constitution and by-laws of about an acre and a half. These

: Washington, Chipley-just enough Pettigrew. this association were adopted March plants were of the Lady Thompson

rain this week; crops in good growing Dade,Jupiter-Apparently less than 7th, 1896. variety.

condition; cotton doing fairly well; half the pineapple crop remains to be The object of the association is .

very few peaches; good crop Kieffer. shipped; continuous wet weather has therein stated to be mutual protection, T. J. Roberts & Son, Tallahassee,

pears.-G. A. Danley. interfered shipping; some growers and the employment of all legitimatemeans Fla., have ordered machinery for a

Jackson, Marianna Weather favorable counting on a late crop.-J. W. to obtain the repeal of unjust complete corn mill from Nordyke &

'" for all farm work; light show- Cronk. and obnoxious stock laws, and to ob- Marmon Co.-The Modem !Miller


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.! 1896.".<<,- THE Ft/ORtDA PA&MKB A&DFtJ1P-GEOWI& .413., ""_.-,
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Write to THE DACOSTA PRINTING COMPANY, ::1


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.: Conducting: the Business Formerly Known.As .
'-.Y 'Wilson., WaordLe & Oo.9
!
..: STATIONERS' SUPPLY COMPANY

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Commercial and General Stationery.
Alili flEW BOOKS can SALE omee and Typewriter Supplies. Aim STAflDA' D WO11 S
AS THEY APPEAR: : Printing and Blank Books. art SALE
Books, Periodicals and News.
F1ZOm TfB PRESS; AT liOttl PRICES.
NO. 16 MAIN STREET. LOCK BOX N.

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l.'fIIIr' Prices Weioirnb1e. 'VVrite us. _


; CHAS. W. DaCOSTA .
Manager
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THE FLORIDA FAKMEfc ANDFBUI -GkOWI JUNE 27
.;:; *-*-.,.
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,." ,
." I. and ride on a pass) can ride for 5 bed up or abandoned instead of increasing pINEAPPLE PLANTS. Smooth Cayenne,
% > I5.0o. Golden Queen $3 00
cents mile. I doubt if there is to thousand would
a
I I a ;any acres as per hundred. Thomas Etty, Pine Castle, Fla.
profit in it. Then why not charge have been the case if we could have 6-20-3

10 cents, and if that wont pay charge got them to market. That is why the FOR SALE. 25 ACRE LE CONTE
Grove, trees set twelve right on
years;
.- I f 25 cents? railroad does not do more business.But the railroad. Five acaes of it in the corporate

II They will carry a box of orangesall again the claim that the railroads limits Fla. of Monticello, Fla. Box 524 Jacksonville,

i i'H I the way, 25 miles for 12 cents would voluntarily reduce rateson
I RAPE FRUIT-Dormant buds on sour
Cheap? A man with $3.00 investedin a larger business is a bald lie. G stock i to 2 inches diameter at ground

a wheelbarrow could not do it for We old settlers remember painfully $:i2.oo per hundred if taken immediately. Charles -
E. Smith, Windermere, Fla. 6-20-3AFE
; that. Of course a railroad that un- how when the State shipped 400,000
boxes of the rate from Jacksonville ARRIVAL OF BUDS GUARANteed. -
derbids a wheelbarrow for business oranges -
PAINKILLER 26 varieties Orange, including best
must bankrupt. to New York was 30 cents strains of Tangerine.3 varieties Pomelo 5 Lem
box. When ons. 400 very fine King orange trees from October -
According to the reasoning of the per we sent 1,500,000 buds, 2000 Parson Brown and Whitaker.
Citizen et al it is because the rates the rate was raised to 40 cents and 0,000 other varieties. A. J. Pettlgrew, Manatee -

have been reduced. By their reasoning only after a long lawsuit was it finally ,Fla. 6-20-3

TUB GREAT 5 cents per mile for passengersand reduced by the court to 35 cents and STEAM We FRUIT are delighted EVAPORATOR with it. Capacity FOR

Family Medicine of the Age' $1.50 per mile for a carload cf the court order to disgorge the 8 Archer bushels, Fla.per day. Price $20.00. F. Trueblood 6-13-3 ,

oranges has brought them "to the plunder has never been obeyed.
Taken
Internally, It Cures of Those of us who vegetables ten T BUtT Weight Sprig Bud, Hart's Tar-
Diarrhoea, Cramp, end Pain in the verge bankruptcy. By their rea- grew .tl diff, Dancy Tangerine and Jaffa. For use
Stomach, Sore Throat Sudden soning it has been proven that rail- years ago know the outrageous falsityof upon shoots. Have lair results from their use.
Cold,, such Cyrus W. Butler, St. Petersburg, Fla.
Coughs, &c., &c. roads cannot be profitably run at a claim. 6-13-3

Used Externally, It Cures these rates. Then I am moved to The logical conclusion that must AND COMMON PINEAPPLE

Cuts, Brakes, Bums Scalds Sprains ask why do not the managers raise be reached from the reasoning of the FANCY Forty acres to select from. Also

Toothache Pain in the Face, Neuralgia the rates to a paying basis. There is Citizen et al is this: Whereas the pineapple river front and lemon James land Holmes on R., Jensen R. with Fla.5303m beautiful -

Rheumatism, Frosted Feet. no law against it and it is doubtfulif railroads have charged certain pricesfor

No article ever attained to inch nnbooadtd there ever will be so long as the passengers and freight for many SMOOTH CAYENNE PINEAPPLE

men inclieei tc 'Olliff"&' merit". And Tlrtn..-CTii.. moulders of public opinion ride on years and experience has proved thatit growing at our from Modelo large Park fruiting pit ery.plants Ready now for

Pain-Killer The issue of accom- results bankruptcy, therefore they delivery July by the too, i.ooo or 10,000. Also
aWe haYe seen 1tie sgio eyfects la passes. passes fine Abbaka and Golden Queen suckers. Write for
soothing the severest pain and know It to be a pushes the object for which they were ought to continue in the same track prices. Orlando Grape and Fruit Company. C.

good A speedy article.-CiI.inllatllJllpatc1a.core for pain-no family should be intended. eternally and forget nothing and learn S. Van Houten,Treas., Orlando,Fla. 52TIIIUTY -

without Nothing 1t.-JoRt"ar baa yet .u.rpuset Traeeerfp the Pafn-Klllnl! That these rates are too low is nothing. DUDLEY W. ADAMS. THOUSAND TREES FOR
which it 1 the most Talnabl family medicine Seedling and budded fruit
now grape
In nse-T.ea.Or proved by the reiterated fact that so
ae. -
Valencia and Hart's Late Eureka Lemons,
110 It medicine hat real merit hat acquired; a*a means a reputation of removing pats many of the Florida railroads are in HOME GROWN Dancy Tangerine and Pineapple buds All
equal
.Perry DaYla'l Pain kWer.-Xewporg (X,.) Dall to, the hands of receivers. Then why buds years on old.grape Write fruit us stock before four buying.and one Bowyer half

many li i I.Physicians.really a valuable-Bntton raedlelne-H Traveller. U ued ill do not the receivers raise the rates to &Stephens, Lakeland, Fla.

Beware of tanltatlons. by? onl''Mb. rennin
Ibldebob, "PnBY Diyza', So14 "",whlr" a reasonable figure? Pineapple Slips BUDWOOD-JAFPA, HOMOSASSA, CEN-
Ulu,a5 and 6UQ"" # .Ii At this point some Jack-in-the-box ,Mediterranean Sweet,
Old Vini Maltese Blood Washington
Bonum
Magnum -
Continued from page 403. (who rides on a pass) bobs up and and SuckersOf Navel,Majorca, Nonpareil Maltese Oval
: "The rates Ribbed DuRois Orange Lake and Eureka, Genoa
are enoughif
and says present ,Lamb, and Sicily Lemons at $5.00 i.coo,
ing plows tear destroy too per
up there was a larger business to do. the Following VarietiesROR or 75C per 100. DuRol Blood, Amory Blood
many roots, and are often an absolute There is so little to do it is Pierce's Ruby. Parson Brown Dancy Tangerine,
necessary Mandarin and Royal, Improved and Seedling
injury. I prefer to cultivate shallow to charge high rates to make running SALE: Pomelos and Mammoth Shaddock, are ii oo per
with a cultivator like Planet, Jr., or a 100 straight.\ W. K. Trimble, Braidentown,
expenses. Manatee County, Fla. -tfNURSERY
5 9
shovel or disc harrow. I preferClark's Oh I That is what is the matter, is ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN
TREES-I WILL HAVE
20,000
Cutaway Disc harrow to any it? If you had more business you QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN RIPLEY of the most popular varietiesfor
implement that I have ever used i in delivery this fall and winter. Send in your
could make
more money ? Well, to QUEEN, SMOOTH: CAYENNE, PER- orders now,and be sure to get what you want.
orchard. The
Acme harrow
my does an old squash head it looks as though Pric s and particulars on application. W. K.
nice work when the soil is dry and NAMBUCO AND RED Sp ANISII. Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla
it might not be out of the way to makea 5-9-tfGENUINH
loose. With either of these harrows, Apply to .
that would
4 rate enable
to
people Nunan, Bessie, Cherokee, Colum
one can work a ten acre orchard both do business with Did that G. 0. MATTHAMS, Michel' :Early Stevens
in one and a half or two days you. Florida and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000,Jj.oo.
ways thought never occur to you? Pineapple Company, JULIUS SCUNADELBACH,Lot k Box 4,Grand Bay,

thus enabling one to work an orchard The railroad near which I live (San- Or to Ala.

rapidly after a rain and frequently ford Tavares built GRASS (PASPALUM PLA-
about
to ) was ten HADDOCK & MATTHAMS LOUISIANA
during dry weather.The Horticultural ) grass for lawns and permanent
years ago. The rates as I have said West Palm Beach, Fla pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000 by express; 35
Gleaner. cents per hundred,postage paid. W.II. POWERS,
are 5 cents per mile for passengersand -- ---- Lawtey, Fia.
$1.50 per mile for carloads of CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.
Extortion.
Railway SALE--IMPERIAL DWARF
oranges. The managers claim the FOR Suckers S5 per 100,.40 per 1000,
BUDWOOD !1-Leonardy Pomelo, which f.o. b. cash with order. H. II. WILKINSON,
The Citizen and other that
road don't How it? Under
papers pay. can pomelo that I know of; Hart's Rockledge, Fla. 3-21-3m.STRAWBERRY .
justify the Florida railroads in their this system of management there Tardiff, Jaffa, Malta Blood Med. Sweet and
Mandarin. Eye or sprig buds. good quality and PL ANTS.--NOW IS
extortionate rates and a con not as inhabitants the guaranteed true and
approve are many along satIsfactory Cyrus W Butter good runners. I have 100-
tinuance of the same policy say '.'Although line as when the road was built. Some St. Petersburg. Fla. 6273DUDWOODTANGERINEBLOODNA 000 Alabama Newmans and 5000 Clouds
for cash. G. W.
cheap JENNINGS Lawtey,
transportation companies have have died some have abandoned Florida. 3-7-4

already reduced their rates almost to home and hope and new homeseekersfools J.) yel, Majorca. Homosasa and Med. Sweet;
also limited quantity Burbank Juicy Plum. $5.00 FOR SALE for cash time or hade,orange groves,
the point of bankruptcy, etc." ( excepted) will not settle in a per 1000, prepaid. Summit Nurseries, Monti and timber lands. E. RDMLEY, Keuka,
From such a statement from the section so conditioned. cello, Fla. 6-27-3 Pll. 3-II-I61

railroad oracle the reader can draw Mt. Dora to Sanford miles WONDERFUL PEAS. (Hastings) FOR SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres
25 a not pr paid. Peck, 390 acres Excellent foi stock raising and
but one conclusion and it is this- box of oranges costs 12 cents. De- 40?;Bushel,$t.5o. June planting succeeds bestA. tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,
Z. Armour Panasoflkee, Fla. 6-20-3 Fla. 8-24-tf
that the railroad managers of Florida L Land to Jacksonville, 100 miles, 12

have been false to the interests of the cents; Sanford to Jacksonville, 125 CITRUS NURSERY, Parson TREES Brown.AND Stark's BUDWOOD Seedless,

stockholders and have nearly bank miles, 10 cents. Why? An answer Jaffa, Tangerine King Tardifl, Grape Fruit,
Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
rupted them by carrying persons and is unnecessary for we all understandthe such as Nonpareil, Majorca St. Michael,

property at too loo a rate-that out railroad law that might makes GENUINE CARNEY PARSON DROWN Duncan Malta Blood, Manager and,Centennial.Milwaukee Groves Address and, A.Nurseries L.-

of pure and tender kindheartedness right. the genuine Parson. We Brown can budwood now fill orders(the Car for Dunedin, Fla. 8-i7-tf

. they have worked for the dear peoplefor One word more about this Sanford ney tree). We owned for several years the fk. ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
mous Parson Brown tree and budded our groves We pay freight. Write for our lates
a mere nominal price far below and Tavares road that does not pay. with budwood from this old tree. Our budwood price-list. E. W Amlden,Ormond,Fl*. 7.1-tft
actual cost. A few there were about this spring is very good. We guarantee every
years ago 15 bud we send out to be the genuine Carney Parson GROVE. 100 acres, 10 set
Now we are induced to ask why do men about here in a small way growing Brown. Address Carney Co. Lake Weir, Fla. IRRIGATED : in other fruit trees years, etc

not these managers be true to the vegetables for shipment. Now 5-16-4 For sale at a sacrifice. Address"1+,"The Palms, r
Lane Park Lake County,Fla.
interests of the stockholders who pay there is not one. There were a hundred 4 27-901

them and charge a reasonable and I or more acres of thrifty, prolific r'N)Bowker's MAKE HENS Animal LAY Meal.There 40 tons Is sold nothing in Flor-like

remunerative rate and thus make the peach orchards bearing thousands of ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
Ull11'UUD. Those wishing the genuine particulars,write E.W.Anisden, Ormond Fla.
property in their charge valuable and I bushels of peaches. When they sold Pineapple and King Orange Marsh Seed- 1 -13-tf

productive of profit? I in New York at $3.00 bushel less Pomelo,can procure same by writing J. W.
per (a Waite Lemon Grove California, sending him LIGHT Brahma, Barred Plymouth Rock and
From Mt Dora to Sanford a pass good price) the grower got not a moner order or draft,at fifteen, ten and fifteen Turkey Eggs for hatching, $t.oo per
who does edit dollars per thousand respectively. F- D. Waite, setting. Mrs. C.Gomperts,Lady Lake, Fla.
:.:: enger ( not a paper cent. The peach orchards are grub. Magnolia Nurseries, &[leview, Fla. 6-20-3 1.18* aIX14











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489 FSB 1 LO TA PAiLMA IIR kROWfm. $' 415 .


.f .

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. .



SAVANNAH LUTE



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G. M. SORREL, Manager. cy ti
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C fi@ The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as
follows : c

NEW YORK TO SAVANNAH. /

1'' Pier 35, North Klver-3 P.M.Nacoochee \ .
............... ...... ......................... ... .......................Tuesday, June 2 i I Il
Kansas City..... ........................ ........................ .................Thursday,June 4 L ,
U City of Augusta .... .... ........ ......................... ...... .......... .....Saturday,June 6 '
City of liirmlngham. ...... ..... .... ............ ...... ............. ...TuesdaYJune 9 Yj
[I E Nacoochee .. ............ ..... .......... ........ ........................... Thursday, June nI _
I* Kansas ................... ..... .. Saturday June 13
1 I City of Augusta ...... .... ......................... ... .. ...................... Tuesday, June 16 p
City of Birmingham ................. .................... ... ......... ...... Thursday,June 18Nacoochee j ( !
.......... ......... ....................... ..... ... .................. Saturday,June :20 .flt /4/z7
Kansas CIty.......... ...................................... ........ .... .,. ...n. Tuesday,June 23 S .
J City of Augusta.......... ........................ .. .................... ...... Thursday, June 25
\\i City of Birmingham ...... .................. ......................... .... Saturday, June 27
Nacoochee ......II..... ... .......... .............................................Tuesday,June 30
[' G. M. SORR Ll4. Manager New Pier No.35, North River.

II BOSTON TO SAVANNAH.Lewis's SAFETY! COMFORT| tyUlV/JLl. TIME! JJV II RATES!

Wharf--3 P. 1\\(.

CbaUaboocbee (tamag at Philadelphia)...... ................................. .Thursday, June 4 Finest Cuisine and Service No Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.
Gate City (calling Philadelphia) ....... ... .................................... Thursday,June n New Steel Steamers
Chattahoochee (calling at Philadelphia) ..... ..................................Thursday June'18 The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome :
Gate City(calling at Philadelphia) .................. .................... .........Thursday,June 25
"
RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents, Lewis's Wharf. "Comanelie" (new), "ilgonpn, Iroquois, "Cherokee, "StmilOle'NORTH ,
4
PHILADELPHIA TO SAVANNAH.Pier '" "

39, Delaware Avenue. BOUND.
STEAMER: ,
Gate ( nger and freight)........................................:Saturday, MaYJo, 6 p.m. Steamers are appointed to sail according to'the tide.
City of bacon(freight only)......... ...................................Tuesday, June 2,3p. m.
Chattahoochee (passengers and freight)...... .... .................... Saturday,June 6, 6 p. m. From JACKSONVILLE, FLA. (calling at Charleston), ......"......Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursday
Gate City (passenger and freight)......................... '............... Saturday June 13,6 p.m. Erom CHARLESTON, S. C.,.................. ..... ............ ......Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.
City of Blacon (freight only) ............ .......... ...................Tuesday,June 16,3 p.m. For hours of sailing see "Clyde Une Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily paper8
Chattahoochee (passenger and freight) .......... .................... Saturday, June :2o, 6 p.m.
Gate City (passengers and freight) ..... ........................ .........Saturday,June 27, 6 p. m. BOUND.Steamers
f City of Macon (freight only). .. ....... .. ............ ... .. ............Tuesday, June 30.3 p. m SOUTH .
M. C. HAMMOND. Agent, 13 South Third Street. are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.Central CHARLESTON, S. C., ...........................................Mondays, Wednesdays and Fr,days
For JACKSONVILLE,FLA., (calling at Charleston).........o.......Mondays. Wednesdays and Fr daysCLYDE'S
((90 Meridian) TIme-as below.

City of Augusta..Tuesday, June 2, g:co p. Kansas City ...Thursday, June 18, 9.00 p.m.
C'yof Birm'gh'm. Thursday, 4,10.00 p. City of Augusta.... Saturday,June 20, 10.00 p. m'
Nacoochee.........Saturday June o, 10.00 p. m'l City of Birm'gh'm..Tuesday,June 23. 4 top m. ST. JOHflS tIVEt UINE
Kansas City ..... Tuesday, June 9, .30P.. Nacoochee .......Thursday June 25, 6.oop.m.
City of Augusta .. Thursday June II, 7.00p.m. Kansas City...... Saturday,June 27 9.00 p. m.
City of Birm'gh'm.. Sat'dayeJune 13, goo p. m. I City of Augusta....Tuesday, June 30, 9 co p. m, DE BARY LINE.
Nacoochee.........Tuesday, June 16, 9 00 p. mSAVANNAH Jacksonville, Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla. and Intermediate

TO BOSTON.Central Landings on the St. Johns Itiver.
.
((90 Meridian) TIme-as below. The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer -
Gate City..........Thursday., June 4, i.oop. m I I Gate City.........Thursday, June 1812.00 noon I
Chattahoochee ....Thursda,.June n, 5.30 p. m. | Chattahoochee ....Thursday June 25, 6.00p. m. "EVERGIADEvrrIs

SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. appointed to sail from Jacksonville, Tuesdays. and Saturdays at 5.00 p. m., and from
t Central'((90 Meridian\ ) Time-as below. Sanford.on Mondays, and Thursdays at 5.00 a. m. .
City of Macon.. Wednesday,June 8, 3.30p. m.1 I I C.ityo! Macon...... Monday July 6, 2.00p. m.
City of Macon..Tuesday,June 23, 4 oo p. | SOUTHBOUND. SCII DUL1;. NORTHBOUND.
W.K.ARNOLD G.T. P. A., WAITER HAWKINS Fla. P. A., W. J. FARRELL, Sol. Agt., Read Down Read Up
Jacksonville, Florida.C. Leave 330 p. m ....' .................. .Jacksonville ............ ... ...... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
.G.ANDERSON AGENT. J. P. BECKWITH. G. F. & P. AGENT 8.45 m.. .... Palatka.................... ...... Leave 9.00 p. m.
; Savannah. Gs. Pier 35 North River, New York. 3.00 a.P m. ....................... ... .Astor.... ........................ 4.00 P. m
.. am. ....................... St. Francis...............II........ II 2.30 p. m.
W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS. ...4.30.. ......o .......................... Beresford ......................u... .". 1.30 p.m.
Arrive y 8.30 a. m.................. .. .... Sanrord.........._............... -- 9.OOa. m.
t u 9.25 a. m....................... .... Enterprise................... ...... 9.3Oa.m,
& ...... ..... .... .... ..................50. Fla. R. R. Whart................... II 11.00 a, m.
WILLIAM A. BOURS CO.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville.


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent, Bowling Green, l New York. .' .
M. D. CLYDE, AaaiMant Traffic Manager,5 flow lug Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGElt, Traffic Manager 5 BowUngGteen, New York.F. .
I 'I,&. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, FU. .
CJO
WEST BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE,
foot Street, ,Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent Hogan Jacksonville
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville.Fla.

I We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of WM.: P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agents, .

13 South Delaware Avenue. Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York. ':
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal i
.- r\

Cotton Seed Meal Both and Dark. ";,
z Bright HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE ..
...

STATE AGE$;'S FOR 7 PURE GROUND BONE
GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS

Ymert-Jllen Fertilizer Co. j| NITRATE SODA, --.


Star Brand Fertilizers, Pr MURIATE OF POTASH, 42": Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for mj price-list of Field and Garden Seed

1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats.,75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. 1PK SULPHATE POTASH, pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.


Orange FERTILI Tree and Vegetable R. r KAINIT, Etc P.' F. WILSON, SEEDSMAN, .


These Fertilizers have no superior in the mirket and *trial will convince.
Bead for Catalogue free GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA. .


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,416':& .... tJm- PLO11fA'FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. t



\ -FRUIT, AND VEGETABLE GROWERS'ESTABLISHED '- SUPPLm


".
:
1875.FERTILISERS.
.. 0". ,--.

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Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH-
0 re.!; GRADE POTASII, with perfect adaptability to the "
..4 J, requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in _
I strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot. -

BiT"The cheapest brand for the quality in the I ,, ,
A market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul -
If-- -._.._, tural Chemicals, Sulphur,etc.
..
,
.
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;l ; ,\ z::; INSECTICIDES.Pure .

I.if.JJ;'"' "
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-
oH1\, UI."' W-The old reliable EUREKA has r'
,}II, 't\.% never been j I ++ I
./"ri.l' ., ., \ superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider and the 1
; '' 9 fungus growth.
:
t, IV'" ";...'
tB-THE COCCIDICID

Animal Fe"rt t.ll.ze 1 i A certain destruction to Aleyrodes Citri(White Flyand) other '
flatter rs t families of Scale, insets of their de lopmeD 1. Fatal to the
Spider and other '
affecting Pineapples and Vegetables. ( ;
I
i l
4. ''W ;',:
I II
I p' SPRAY AND GENERAL PURPOSE: PUMPS :1- i

:
Rubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. *A great variety of We best makes (ft n -W

Manufacturers' Prices. -
rlllr.
----s..r--- I
b THE IMPERIAL PLOWS AND CULTIVATORS, I
AGRICULTURAL i IMPLEMEK! S. TIIE BEST MADE4'V


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;, E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

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Railroad Rates. en at the same rates, or at some deduction constitutionality of the present stat firmer hold and where the state legis

from the extortionate 'ones utes ? If he advises that they are in latures are making liberal appropriations

.... You are making! a noble fight asked, and the request was refused. opposition to the recognized princi-- to combat this destructive enemyof
:
against the extortionate charges of the The tomatoes rotted on the ground, ples of a man's right to the exclusiveuse fruit trees. ...

:. railroads and the injustice practiced needless to say. of his land, and that they would Dr. Jacobson of St. Augustine has

-- is: on the people of Florida by the stat- This year, the Plant System, whichis be so declared by an appeal to the made a contract with the land depart-
in of the of cattle Supreme Court of the United States,
favor
utes owners the road in question, offers more ment of the Florida East Coast Rail
and a test case could be made and carriedon
hogs.I reasonable rates but it is rather late.
way to take 6,000 acres of land on the
may add one item relating to the It is estimated that the shipments this if'ach one of us, who wishes to railroad a few miles south of Fort

former the details from are not one the amountof see the statutes abolished, would do
r coming' a year quarter Lauderdale on which he will locate a
source I believe to be accurate. Last those last year, and I, for one,have his share toward the expense. A Swedish colony at once.

year, the usual rates for carrying 'vegetables decided to give up vegetable growing small amount from each would suffice.I .
until the reasonable. offer you ten dollars towards it, if Some as fine-looking
<' from Largo where I had a rates are more peaches as any
V fajm to the North or even This will avoid freight bills for im you think the plan a good one.-J. F. country can boast of are being broughtin

.19. .. ,' to Atlanta: were so high that it did porting fertilizers and shipping vegetables CORRIGAN, in Southern Ruralist. from the orchards in and near Or.

when the railroad is --...--- lando. In size and color
all
,_ not pay to ship. The railroad offered taking they are

,ik tV" twenty-two cents a hundred: pounds, most important movement is on flavor does not measure up to the

: ,: by the carload. The rates on toma pay.As regards the hog iniquity, is no foot for introducing the Lady Bird above-mentioned qualifications, whichis

<. toes by the carload to the same point other plan open to us than to await from California into Florida and other the case in a few instances, it is be-

: (> were considerably over a dollar a the uncertain action of the legislature states to prey upon the San Jose and cause the special fertilizer needed has

4 r hundred pounds actual weight As and expend hundreds of thousands of other scale insects that are not easily not been tried or some feature in the

"j '... the:railroad found it profitable in all dollars in the mean time building removed by insecticides. It is culture has been neglected, all of

:' ''''probability to carry watermelons at fences ? thought that by way of Florida theycan which will be overcome after a little

the price offered, the}: growers asked if Would it not be wise to obtain the be acclimated for more northern more experimentation., -Orlando' Reporter -

carload lots of tomatoes would be tak- opinion of some good lawyer as.to the states where the scale has a much .

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