Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00080
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 23, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00080
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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:; :' FLORIDA FARMER I.. :: .:*, '. :;. '-.;f:'' "rI'i.- 3..-

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8. Powers,Editor. J JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MAY 23, I8 9 6. Whole No. 1424'Vol. VII.s', No.'JEfr n.

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Before buying your Nursery Stock,investigate and know what you ate ttlng. Know that .-, ':. '.: ...
on TRIFOLIATA you:are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand. dealer.- c --' ;
+w f A ,' >v '- ri.IP.: .. -t., ..
A Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. THE RQMOA a. $ RSERIES... .: '

Over 300 Varieties o[ 4.w ;. are the most Extensive in the:State-andlofter all Home Grown Stock..ita.. Plums,jPears, I
Japan Persimmons, Grapes,Pigs;'Mulberries,Apricots Almonds,,SatsumAndjother Oranges and .
Fruits and Ornamentals. lemons on both -J fl* iimfflr i

Peaches, Pears, Plums, Persimmons. Nuts, Grapes, Roses, etc. .* "GEarid. ; TRIFOI3S.TA. STOCKS, .!:;!:
v-- ff'frj "* -(* *** 'i lOver
BK ,
75.varieties of Roses all field grown and.,Budded. and Grafted. OrnamentaiJTreesjlSlirubs'. .., :etc. .';
NO AQ NTS. Catato &for 1896. An UpiodatHorticultural Hand-Book free on application! "MO "
Correspondence IOUcited.GLEN BETTER. STO'ckjftg NOCHE APER. NONE SO LARGE. .
ST. MARY NURSERIES It will pay-those intending to plant Orchatdsto visf?my Nursery and Experimental Grounds. : .,
U. Write for Catalogue. and any information, wanted ;.
f -' W. D. .
G. L.TABER, GLEN ST;' MARYFLA. -. Macclenny., FI"I. =
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.. HASTINGS'. GenumelBaper-Shell; PeCans 50 cts a 'pound. \:

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; vafieT&fp lowest market .. : :' -;. < '
r .. prices.
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Order your supply now and make surd of it. PRICES: One pound.by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds, ,
'KoSO.' By express freight: not prepaid, as cents per pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds; amblJis Oaiih fais 1 .ID".s w111 keep Ch kens Clean.25c.A packag : ,
in zoo pound lot and above 20'cents per pound... II II INTnRNA TIONAL STOCK FOOD keeps
--' Seed*free from items.leaves and trash. .By mail post- (- :.- stocl. &heaUhjr atd saves feed,s'c.per buz. .:. j
BEGGflRWEED.H. paid 25 cents per pound; 4 poundSds.95 cents 'l'Byex-'
press or freight,not prepaid,in any quantit15. cents L. .CAUIERON, Seedsman, :.:-t. ttfao1
> per-pound. r. .
:onviiie: .. P'loride. '--' .

'. G: JiAS'JJNGS'; & CO., EEDSM.EN; .* ,: -.>:,.' .... ..'... .. ,,::- :.':'':.\.:..'

I' -7-. 1NTERLACHEN. FLA." .. ,, I. it JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., t :' \
= 3-Send for,our Illustrated Catalogue. "
M aA
: 4I Grocers and Commission Merchants.
I JOHN. L. MARVIN President. : JUDGE R. B. Vice President., : .

H. T. '
: Assistant Cashier. :

4 Cashier.CHPITflli 100000.. < *Coal Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, ; 'i :

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Cigars Tobacco "' _
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:JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, .. ,: Jaolcson rille, E'1.orlda. r' .
espe8tfal1y solicits your Deposits,Collections and General > .<..?--:,-.!:; -,, :f
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Banking $Business. "" ,
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} RYE.....................$200 CABINET BOURBON.... ............f::-;,.,.16> "
1VfUc-b. 00
Depositors ofifered_every facility their balances ORANGE VAI.I.2y................. ...... a oo J.MARTIN RY8....................,*..;...7. J oo
and SPRINGVALLBY........ ................. 250 VIRGINIA GI.ADES.i.....,> 4 00 "
buSHess. responsibility warrant. BALTIMORE ............... too OLD BOURBON.\l.... ..*t...500 '
............ .. .
SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT FROM.. $5.00 CUFTON CI.UB. ........... .,J.............. 300 250 OLD BAK K......... .............;..;'...... 5 5 ooMANONGAIIELA 00 .
: ..' '" MONTROS VELVET RylC. 600
PER ''YEAR, UR .0 '
JUGS KXTRAL,.One gallon 25C; two gallon, soc; three gallon, 750.; Remit by postoffice ...-4 ". *
.. DXREOTbRSI money ut check or registered letter): 1Vecannot ship C. O.D. Remit with order., .. ;t
i John L. Marvin Church-Anderson, Chas. Marvin, A complete pRcer list of Groceries: ,aDd Wine Wst,sent free on application. .' t
H".,T. Baya, I W. M. Davidson .v Judge'R. Archibald, ,. J
H Robinson. .' ., JOHN CLARK SON& CO.
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x -M7: :NUFRCTUReRS= OlOrange -



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.- ?ti. Tree, Fruit and Vine, Vegetable, Pineapple, Tobacco,, &c1

-,". : We wish to emphasize the fact that we make high-grade goods only. The We have steadily refrained from making any such goods, although the percentage

,State is being flooded just now with new brands of low-grade fertilizers, manufactured of profit would be very much larger than it is on our high-grade fer

t -I", for the emergency, hard times, arising from the freeze of last winter. tilizers.
.' These Cheap Goods, of the Poorest Materials and Bad Forms, Must be Injurious to the Planter.

: ,:> They cannot permanently improve his lands. The results produced will | cultivate a less acreage and use only the best manures. You can make a good

'k' : not be so good, either in quantity or quality, in flavor or in keeping qualities crop, with strong plants, with much less labor than you can coax along a poor

.' That covers all the points where the profits, come in. It will pay better to I and sickly lot, and the money results will be far better.

t L. The Mapes Company: Use Only the Best Materials and in Forms which are the Results of the

!< Experience of Nearly Half a Century and of Continuous and Costly Experiments.

The materials are subjected to a special process, of their own discovery, Send for a copy of testimonials {from thirty or forty of the best-known

:, ,. which causes a chemical change 1 and are mixed for months before barreling. growers in the State as to the results of the use of our Vegetable Manure for

-: j' They go throtgh'Tthe! assimilation in heaps that must otherwise take place the year 1895. Mr. L. Dozier, our agent at Ocala, writes June 10, 1895, as

in the ground.when they are freshly mixed! !|i Jfhen shipped they are ready for follows:

.': the immediaterconsumptfon 'of tfiejlant> ,,,and that is why they produce crops "I have been your Agent for five years, and the only complaint I have

,: ; "'. from ten to fifteen>.'days earlier than home-made or any fresh mixtures will do. ever heard from those who used your goods in my district was that they are

'.' '_ '; They make vigorous Plants that will stand drouths far better than those sold strictly for cash, while all the others can be bought on long time. In my

f r. '. grown with poor aterialsn poor forms" Common sense must teach us that, judgment, if they were all put on the same basis Mapes' would sweep the

,:'10' and we have :a great)many.1 testimoniakon T .: that t point. .,. State."


t : .The Mapes Company ade no. bad'debts by the freeze and have no goods. On the other hand, they have have been able to make a large reduc

I losses to]makeup by increasing their profits or reducingUhe'standard of their I tion in the price of them this year, and at the same time keep up their standard.

-J 0 {. --THEYRI KEAJT0.BH : :-
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: := .. 'cb Fl ERTIJLIZEREjyhicnhas l -

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'| had most wonderful'success in Pennsylvania and, .Connecticut in producing Choice, Wrappers that have brought exceptionally High Prices.

,'_ fiir'Vnte.. for a Tobacco taraghlet. **&& % *** e

'" ', .* L i1. Ammonia. Phoephric Acid Potash.

: GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Mapes' Tobacco Manure/Florida Brand . . . . 5 to 6. 4105. 6 to 7.

:. : PRICES'. FOR THE SEASON 0'F 1896.
:- .. J ,k The Mapes Orange Tree, in 2oo-lb. bbls., f. o.b. Jacksonville, per ton, $37.00 gllere is,the record of the official l analysis of their manures for the year

1 t. cc Fruit and Vine, 'U 39.00 1895 at the Florida Experiment Station :
C- (( "8 Ammonia. Avail. Phos.Acid Total Phos.Acid. Potash.
.. Vegetable, ,W" cc.,t:4" 40.00 Orange Tree . . 4.67 7.46 11.22 3.81
i ". ". '': rr Pineapple I ," cc 38.00 Fruit and Vine .. . 3.04 7.06 9.55 11.47

: ; Tobacco, ," cc e 38.00 Vegetable._fr -. . 5.91 7.W 10.22 5,68

itit' .. 'or.any further information writeSULPHATE
": to. TYSEfi 1
AMMONIA, 'v:: tI.q. flgent,
;,'t'. SULPHATE POTASH, t Foot of Ocean Street,
GROUND BONE, j .. .R.CIl'SO fVIl1l1E
BONE BLACK ETC. 4" 1:1111
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,. VT" "CHEAP" FERTILIZERS. [Fpmll'eto EnlaruMIoinestead,Dec.:8,1895'] ofail three ingredients. It is the concerns that methods for determining approximately the relative -
IMPORTANT 'TO USERS OF FERTILIZERS2) 1 I have Capital invested in plants that are most availability of nitrogen,and on subsequentpages
likely to remain in the business,and are the ones is given a report of the work; done during
.' Prof. B. B. Voorhees, Director of the New Jer that in the long run are likely to look well to the past year on this point.
sey State Experiment Station,in the Rural New Shyster concerns that manufa&ore all sorts of their reputation, for theyhave more at stake. "While various inferior or agriculturally worth..
Another point that strengthens this caution is less forms of nitrogen are in the market the
Yorker.'iejune i. 1895, in an exposure of a so materials,and their goals on the market in
that in most States the analyses of fertilizers are main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers
__ called "cheap" fertilizer sold, in Philadelphia all sorts of conditions in order to get some of the not made until after the spring trade is over. is in dealing with firms which have an established -
.. says: "In the purchase of fertilizers' ,many farmers trade of old-estabtished and reliable firms are as reputation,and in avoiding'cheap' goods
characteristic of the fertilizer trade of other
are still guided by price per ton Father than trades. Any one who puts out a fertilizer can by irresponsible partiesPage 39.
... by the amount and quality of the plant-food furnished get it officially analyzed at the Experiment Sta- They Fall to Determine the Quality of Preparations of Leather.
hence anexorbitant tions, and it appears in their reports, but the oods---Established Reputation the Ashas been proved abundantly experiment,
price poundfor
4 pay per farmer does not know whether the concern is re Main Security to the Purchaser. leather,whether in its untreated state or steamed
the constituents. A low price per ton does liable or not. The Connecticut Station, in its an. [Extract from Annual Report of the Connecticut or toasted, and pulverized, has no value as a
not always mean a cheap product; it frequently nual report for '95, just out. emphasizes the fact Agricultural Experiment Station (Prof. S. w. fertilizer. The State fertilizer law wisely forbidsits
means an expensive one,for the legitimate ex* that iu buying mixed fertilizers farmers must Johnson, Director),for Year 1895. Issued De- use in any form as an ingredient of commer
rely to a great extent on reliable dealers,and ; cember, tBq5'Thesevaluations] cial fertilizers without explicit printed certificate
penses of preparation,shipment and sale are proportionately The- main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers I ,it must be remembered,are oft!Ie fad, Inch certificate to be conspicuously
: much greater for low-grade than for i. is in dealing with firms which have an based on the assumption that the nitrogen,phosphoric ffixed to every package,' dc.
'<: high-grade goods. Farmers should remember, established reputation,and in avoiding ''cheap' acid and potash in each fertilizer are "The materials: on which the following analyses -.
first,that nitrogen,phosphoric acid and potashare goods oflered by irresponsible parties The readily available to farm crops. Chemical exam- were made were used in vegetation experi
the only constituents of direct fertilizing value :caution is certainly needed,when more than one- ination can show pretty conclusively whetherthis menu,to be described on following pages.
and mixtures containing all of these in goodforms third of the nitrogenous superphosphates sold in is true in respect to potash. There Li less "4565. Ground J leather,imported from Englandfor
cannot be secured for a low price per ton, Connecticut do not furnish in all respectts,all certainty regarding phosphoric acid,whilechemical use as a cheap 'ammonlatt in mixed fertilizers. -
unless they are contained in very small amounts; the manufacturers claim for them. Out of seventy- examination, a" it is usually made, gives The method manufacture if unknown.
-, > and second that the expenses of handling are. six brands twenty-one are below the manufact- little or no clue as to the availability of the It is a brownish black powder, in appearance
., quite as great for'make weight'as foi materials I j i urers'minimum guarantee in respect of one ingredient organic nitrogen of mixed goods. This Station resembling: dried blood. When pulveriied it
} of actual fertilizing value,' > ,five in respect of two,ana one in respect has -seen for some:years engaged In a study ol emits an odor of bemine.-'-Page*>.
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fe_ FLORIDA GLOVER. In proof of these claims,which may Beggarweed a Nuisance in Orange KAFFIR CORN.

seem exaggerated, I will state, what Groves. -
i\; A Valuable Crop Popularly Known the experience of hundreds of our Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: A Crop for Dry Weather and

\. Editor as Be garweed. farmers will verify, that land so poorit Cowpeas and beggarweed are being Hard Times.
Farmer and Fruit-Grower
: would not produce over six bushelsof | greatly recommended to the attentionof Editor Farmer and FruH-Grower:

Whether the beggarweed is indigenous corn to the acre at the time it was both farmers and fruit growers in Some who have tried the Kaffir corn

to Florida or was brought here first seeded with beggarweed, will, if| this State as soil renovators. We have in Florida, where all the sorghums

in seeds or fertilizers in the early set- planted for several consecutive yearsin nothing to say against the use of these flourish admirably, claim that on moderately .
tlement of the State I
cannot say pos- the same crop, increase its yield to crops on the farm, but our experiencewith fertile land, fifty or sixty bush _
but I have noticed another
.: sitively; as twelve or fifteen bushels per acre, them in an orange grove and els per acre may be easily raised. We.
variety of it in the forests where it
without the application of any fertilizer nursery induces us to call attention to can scarcely comprehend at once the
could! have hardly been brought, I am significance of this. It .
whatever. Of course, this effect their capacity for breeding injurious means a revolution -
inclined to the former opinion. would be greatly hastened and in- insects,and in this respect beggarweed in general farming, and plenty
My acquaintance with it began in and prosperity in place of
creased by using some form of fertil- especiallyexcels. scarcityand
boyhood; it was then, as now, a fea. want. It means abundance of
izer in connection.ITS On our place last year the large
ture of the in :Middle Florida
landscape '" food for both man and beast-fat cattle -
"pumpkin bug
green ,
r ; a waving sea of green covering PROPAGATION. or "pentatomid" bred in bug"t and improved breeds of them and

the cornfields in the late summer, This weed is easily propagated by and and in the on the supplanting of razorback pork
through whose depths I have often first sowing the seed on corn land just autumn cowpeas swarmed from there, and imported bacon, by a home grown

waded, drenched to the skin with dew, before the last plowing, and allowing stock on ourunebudded product that will not put our farmers
J damagingthe
to some favorite haunt of the finny it to go to seed in the fall without nursery to the blush. No where
latter seriously and notice country fifty
very we
tribe. being disturbed by the plow. This is
bushels of wholesome
that grain can be
tree the bark of which
any young ;
Changing from green to grey in all that is necessary, except to plant has been much punctured by these in- raised to the acre will long remain
winter these fields became hunter's the land after( in corn or '
a year year any sects,dies to the collar on being bankedup poor. It is asserted that in times of
where Bob White fallsa other that is not cultivated later
paradise, poor crop for winter protection. lost hundreds drouth which are destructive to, or
victim to his fondness for the tiny than July i. The seed carried by the of buds in this manner. seriously curtail the yield of Indian

beans that strew the ground. winds and rains will soon cover any corn the Kaffir
grain stands
The sap of the whole tree, root and merely
ITS DISADVANTAGES. other places and get fully established; branch become still, ready to grow off vigorously
appears to poisonedor
after this is the case it is a fixture and
Like almost all good things, diseased; little pockets or swellingsof when:rain does come, as it is sure to
can safely be counted on as long as it do, sooner l later. Then
this weed has its drawbacks. gum being formed under_ theJ)ark or again it
is desirable. The field be "turnedout"
Where it grows very rank it may in a similar manner to malde" goma, may be cut' for Jorage at least once

increases the labor of preparingthe and grow up in grass or other the leaves turn yellow,and the extreme while young, growing up 'afterward

land for planting in the spring; andit weeds, but as soon as the soil is plowed ities of the branches and thorns die and making a, good crop of grain.
the seeds that have been dor-
sometimes becomes necessary to back. We have noticed in past years And it may be planted any time of

drag a heavy chain or a roller over it mant (for years, recognizing the favor- these insects -affected the late'summer the year, when there is a chance of ..

before the land can be properly turned able conditions, will spring up by the growth of large bearing trees in the mild weather ahead long enough to

over. It becomes a nuisance in land million and take quiet possession same manner. They also punctured. 'bring the crop to maturity-say ninety
again. If it is desirable to eradi-
where small plants are to be grown, ever the rind of mature,fruit, causing it to lays( with occasional showers, or a
cate it all that is is to .
'. as it covers the ground with a perfect necessary plow drop. month or two longer: drought in
the land till late in the fall and thus ,'
tervenes. : _
carpet of tiny plants after every rain I We have had beggarweed on the :
it from .
in summer. It is a positive injury to prevent seeding.AS place for some years in a small way, By the use of ice and improved

land where cotton is to be planted. I A FORAGE CROP. but last ,year it was well seeded down. methods in the dairy, the making of

have often heard old farmers say that There is a difference of opinion as. We are now extirpating it as a serious good butter in Florida has passed be-
r to the value of beggarweed for hay, the
"beggarweed improved corn land, bu pest in or near an orange grove.' experimental stage. The
that it is difficult
some maintaining
injured it for cotton." This fact, or BENNETT BROTHERS. only requisite lacking has hitherto

which their experience had taught, can impossible to cure it and that at bestit Ocoee, Orange County, Fla. been the means of supplying an abun

be very easily accounted for. 1'hbeggarweed e is a rough and unpalatable fodder; dance of rich feed for the cattle, and

is a deep feeder; it sends while others as positively assert thatit Cut off Strawberry Runners. there should be no difficulty in doing
is easily saved and that it makes, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: this with Kaffir other
its roots straight into the soil, twelveto corn or sor- .
twenty inches deep, and robs the especially when mixed with grass, a L Can you tell us what the result ghums.

subsoil of the very fertility that the very fine stock feed. I have had no would be if the runners were kept off It seems like the irony of fate that

cotton plant, with similar roots, must experience with it as a dry feed, but strawberry plants during the summer? our boasted maize, so long the bul-

subsist upon. But in this very fact on one thing its friends and enemiesare Would the old plants die and if not, wark of American agriculture, should

lies its usefulness as fully agreed, viz.: That in its green would they make _berries any earlier be put to rout and actually driven

state it is eagerly eaten by stock of all 1 next winter ? .-':? from the field by this apparently insignificant .

A LAND RENOVATOR. kinds, which prefer it to any other S. M.: STEPHENS. grain from the depths of

Land that has become impoverished, weed or grass tHat grows. and that Lakeland, Fla. the dark continent. E. H. HART.

especially sandy soils whose fertility nothing will sooner put a poor, run Federal Point, Fla.

has been lessened by the evaporationof down animal in good condition thanto To cut off the runners through the Our correspondent encloses
its ammonia, due to exposure underclean turn it into a pasture of beggar- a clipping
summer would not kill the bu
3 4 plants, from the New York Sun, giving
cultivation to our summer suns weed. ':
would them
help though they migh rose-colored letter
a from
and has been drained of its its virtues find thatit very Topeka,
nitrogen Summing up we die from other causes. It would not Kansas which winds with
by the leaching of the rains finds its is valuable and thatis up the as-
a forage crop one make them fruit any earlier next winter sertion: "It is safe to predict that in a
best friend in the beggarweed. The easily propagated; that as a renovator i but the fruit would be larger and the near future Kaffir

loss by evaporation is checked by a of soils it has all the advantages I better, Every runner is, so far as the I i supplant very Indian buckwheat corn will
mulch of leaves and the shadeof of the with ,
the added
cowpea, one fruit is concerned, a robber, and every and graham flour and will become -
dense coat of weeds the truant that it but
a ; costs nothing the original 1 runner removed saves nourishment for than
even more popular all of themas
fertility is pumped up through its millions planting to get its benefits over large the berries. a healthful economical

of roots. The very air pays trib areas for a long term of years, as it i is man." food for

ute to the land through this humble self-seeding; and, lastly, to get its ben There was shipped from the Mana\ Kansas is of

plant, which, like the cowpea, feeds efits it is not necessary to lose a single tee river landings last week fortyfourcars both in climate a and country extremes,

largely from the atmosphere and gathers crop, as all its benefits are secured by of vegetables, principally toms. be true in opinions.that eccentric Whatever i.

gases to be deposited largely as letting it take possession of the land toes. This business was about equally State,may we do not believe Kafler j
plant food on the surface of the soil i ina after most crops are harvested. This divided between the Independent and has such corn '

coat of leaves. The mechanical condition last is a great point in its favor. Plant steamship lines. These shipments above a destiny everywhere as
predicted. Yet
of the soil is also greatly im Altogether it is a very valuable aggregated ISooocrates,nearlyall we have great
hopes of it and
we below
proved by the decaying mass of roots plant and a boon to Southern plantersif of which were sold on the docks a t extracts which append two '
and stalks, which makes the soil more intelligently utilized.J. $1.50 per crate net to the growers, of facts. seem to statements -

porous and at the same time more re H. GIRARDEAU. which would mean $27,000 paid for .. .. '

tentive of moisture. Humus, that most :Monticello, Fla. Manatee garden products last week. What is Kaffir Cora. _. :{>i >-- "

expensive form of fertility, is soon produced w It is estimated that the ratio of ship Editor Farmer and iTnit-Grower: : -' 1'

and the land is rapidly im ALL roads lead to wealth and Jack merits will continue almost this heavy Under the above heading I notice _-f;t _'

proved., sonville. until June i.-Tampa Times, an article in the FARMER AND ,
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,324 THft: : StOSlDA 5-ABMBfc AKD pntTIT-Gltown. MAY 23,
-- .-




By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new

i .'. ALL AROUND BRAND, $35 Per Ton.

'; :' : ANALYSIS:
Ammonia 5 to 6 perlcent.'C .
,-. .' Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to 8 "
'- Actual Potash 4 to :5 .,c
.- zsr This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates Superphosphates and Potash tds

We keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND

r BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.

Correspondence and Inquiries So1ic1t sI.


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GROWER taken from Texas Farm and Varieties and Value of Kaffir Corn. conditions are more favorable for its Flour from the Sorghums.The .

Ranch, and with your permission wish Kaffir,corn seems to be best adapted full development in the one place than great increase in production of
;' to correct some statements that are ,t q a large extent of country. Being of in the other. non-sweet sorghums in the trans-
far from the mark .regarding 'Kaffir'corn. l 6wgrowth.it is easy to handle; has FEEDING VALUE OF KAFFIR. Missouri territory, and their heavy
I am satisfiedithe; writer never the best of fodder and seed
thoughnot of seed
As for the feeding value of the grain yields or grain are causing nota
saw a stalk of Kaffir corn as he much of eitheras
pure producing quite so little
I[ will approximately say that for hogs, interesting investigation as to
states that both varieties send up a some of the other larger and un- five pounds of Kaffir, four and one- what various uses it can be put, and
number of stalks from one seed. Now, wieldly,growth. There are generally third pounds of corn, and four poundsof this is especially true in Kansas wherea
genuine Kaffir corn only produces one considered to be plainly marked varieties wheat about probably larger acreage of these
are equal; or, putting
stalk to the grain and produces from ; one producing white seedthefirst it in another way, 1,000 pounds of crops is grown than in all the rest of
one to four long heavy introduced into
country, Kaffir, 856 pounds of corn, and 800 the world. Within the past year considerable
heads. After: these heads ripen then the other producing red seed. But pounds of wheat are about equal. With attention has quietly been
the old stalk down to business there is considerable variation in
gets pork at three and a half cents given to testing its milling and culinary .
t and throws oura; number of very leafy ; these, something like the variations in pound, Kffir would be worth forty per qualities, and one roller milling
shoots from all the joints and i white and
upper yellow corn.
cents, corn forty-four cents,and wheat company at :Marquette, McPherson
1'- these all have small heads from six to I
There is marked distinction
a plainly Coburn of
fifty-one cents bushel but at the county, reports to Secretary
per ;
twelve inches long and when in bloomor in the white both
as to appear. prices they have sold for in this Territory the State Board of Agriculture, having
the seed is begining to form it ance and general characteristics, one the winter-Kaffir fifteen ground not less than 1,000 bushels of
t. should be cut for fodder close to 'the having a black chaff and the other cents, corn twenty cents, and wheat Kaffir and Jerusalem for household
ground. After curing for a day or white, so the first is known here as
, two haul to the barn for winter use. the "Black Chaff," and stands at the fifty pounds cents-pork, respectively would, $1.28 cost, $1.63 per and 100 uses.From their experience these millers

i Kaffir corn will produce double the head of the list. The other white- $3.42. find that Jerusalem corn "mills" to

1 fodder that Indian corn will, does not seeded variety may, in some,places,be Just now planting is \the interesting much the best advantage, and althoughthe
f take one fourth the time to cut and the peer of any, but for this section, if question. All sorghums are warm flour as at present made has not
i house that it takes to strip and house a "dry spell" comes just as the headis weather plants so they could not be the extreme whiteness of that from
corn fodder and every particle of the pushing out, it will stop right there planted until after common corn, except wheat, Secretary Coburn vouches thatit
, plant is utilized as the horses strip and then, the development of seed on the soil be otherwise exceptionallywarm. makes delicious biscuits, muffins and

: every head, shoot and leaf off, leaving the inclosed part is checked,,and sub- As a rule, top planting is now griddle cakes, while the miller claims
E[ nothing but the bare stalk. This is sequent dews and rains damage it. In considered better tjian lister planting.The Kaffir flour is not quite so desirable for
i I tramped under their feet for bedding the black chaff and red the head always same machinery is used at presentas bread, but makes an excellent pan-
p f;- where it absorbs and retains the am- pushes clear of the sheath or for planting corn,but there ought to cake flour.
: monia far better than ordinary litter. boot, and is never damaged in that be considerable modifications. Smaller Important developments in the

, Eight average heads keep a work way. The red requires the shortest plates must be used,and,nearly as pos- adaptability of these new grains for
' horse in as good condition as eightears season, and is likely to be the favoritein sible, get the machinery adapted to the milling and food purposes seem likely
of corn and as it takes only the North,but the seed of the white ideal planting until manufacturers fur in the near future. It is said that
three or tour hills to produce eight varieties are of a little higher value.In nish us better machinery. when ground on rolls by a gradual reduction -
heads, this makes its feeding value the six-years comparative trial in Rowsvneed not ,be more than thirtyto process the bran is readily sep
also double that of corn, to say nothing Kansas the average yield of Kaffir corn thirty-three inches apart, and stalks arated, but the difficulty of ridding the
of its freedom from the bud worm, was fifty-five bushels per acre,and com- six to ten inches apart in the rows. Of flour of its dark specks, so formidablefrom
its ability to withstand drouth and mon corn thirty-nine bushels,while the course, in a wet season,or a moist cli- the cook's standpoint, has not yet
that it can be planted even in July stover was four and three-fourths and mate, a much closer planting can be been overcome.
and obtain a good crop. two and a half tons,respectively. Now, made than in a dryer one. Just how The product of these grains is on the
What the Farm and Ranch describesas this was in a section of the State, per- close or far apart is best for each sec- market to some extent as Kaffir meal,
Kaffir corn is the same old sorghum haps, as favorable to Kaffir,and not as tion must he determined by experi- Kaffir flour, Kaffirina, Kaffir Graham,
Guinea corn mixture that has favorable to common corn,as could be ences. etc., and challenges comparison with
been sold_ for years all over the coon found, but to thinking readers, who Briefly,I would say,in your first trial, any of the so.caUed health flours, at
try by seed houses both North and study their own surroundings, it fur- plant rather late than early, if your soil one-half or one-third their price.-
South, and no wonder people got dis- nishes a fair comparison.In is cold; and thin, rather than thick,in Western Plowman.
gusted with that sort of Kaffir corn. Oklahoma, with a yield of five order to give it a fair chance to pro- ...
t and a half tons of stover per acre, duce the best. Watch its Pecan Culture.
. If I knew the address of the Farm growth, see
Kaffir com gave 1.752 pounds, and its needs and next A Mississippi correspondent of
t t and Ranch I would send them a head year you can plant
corn pounds digestible matter the Southern Farm Gazette writes:
t I' of genuine Kaffir corn to convince 1.710 ; more intelligently.-Southern Stock
them of their error. while in Pennsylvania the same weight! Farm. Fourteen years ago Judge Regansof
of Kaffir com gave only 1.094 poundsof .. Jasper county gave me one dozen
WM. L. ORANGE, digestible matter. Intelligent farm Florida pineapples are finding their paper shell pecans grown by him. I
Mannville, Fla. ers will readily understand ,that the way into the markets. planted them in my garden, let them

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grow one year, then took them up most valuable qualities, and it is probably Pinery. gard to bottom-heat, that the materialin
and transplanted them in a place that more generally used today than which the plants are plunged shall
had been cleared this all other fungicides combined. The be and
thirty-six years; Edited by J. B Beach,West Palm Beach.Fla equable sufficiently warm.
was poor sandy land. The trees were chief points in its favor are ((1)) its During the colder portions of the
planted thirty feet apart. This land thorough effectiveness as a fungicide, Pines in England. year less expense from firing will be
has been cultivated in cotton for the ((2)[ ) its cheapness, (3) its safety from a Editor Farmer and Proit-Grower. incurred if the plants are cultivated ina

past eight years and fertilized with hygienic standpoint, ((4)) its harmlessness I inclose herewith an abstract from lean-to house, as there will be a surface -

guano every year. I have top dressedthe to the sprayed plant, and ((5)) its Gardener's Chronicle, April 25, 1896, of less extent exposed to the
land with rakings from the wood- beneficial effects on plants other than of a paper on pineapples, by Mr. H. weather than would be the case in a

pile twice since planted. These trees those resulting from the mere preven- W. Ward, of Longford, Castle Gar- 'span-roof building In such a house

began bearing at eight years old; not tion of the attacks of parasites."So dens, Salisbury, England, delivered there should be one raised bed which
many the first year but some increase far as we are at present con- before a recent meeting of the Royal need be only three feet from the roof

every year. In 1886 I gathered cerned, therefore, it is necessary to Horticultural Society. As many of glass. The house might run from
seventy-five pounds from one tree-no consider only the two fungicides in your readers would be greatly inter- east to west, and the roof be given an
guess work, I weighed them. I question, setting forth the recent im ested in this, it has occurred to me that angle of 34 degrees. In span-roofed
measured the trees this morning; they provements made in preparing and you might desire to copy it for their structures suitable for the cultivationof

measured from 14 to 18 inches throughsix using them." benefit. pineapples during the summer

inches above ground. I also The contents of the bulletin are as In commenting on this paper Gard-- months there should be one center

measured one young tree's growth for Follows : Fungicides or remedies for ener's Chronicle says: "In spite of the bed, and this surrounded by a path,
one year; this young tree grows near plant diseases; methods of apply large importations of excellent fruitat separating the center bed from thoseat
my horse lot in sandy land in a pasture ing fungicides; treatment of grape dis- a low price, there is no doubt thata the sides. In both houses it shouldbe

with a pen around it to protect it from eases-black rot, downy mildew, good English pine can more than possible to ventilate from the roof
stock. It grew in height last year and anthracnose; treatment of apple hold its own in the competition, andas and sides. Though pines are cultivated -
four feet. diseases-apple scab, bitter rot, and its production puts to the test the with considerable success in old

Now, dear readers, do not be discouraged powdery mildew; treatment of pear skill and watchfulness of the gardener, houses not especially suited to the

; pecans will grow almost diseases; treatment of quince, cherry, it is to be hoped that those who are plants, the grower in such cases was
anywhere in the South. Be sure and plum diseases. not tied by mercantile considerations, disadvantageously circumstanced as
that you get your seed or trees --...-_ will still continue to cultivate the kingof compared;l with the grower possessinga
from pure seedlings. Do not plant California Orange Crop. fruit. When the electric light comes house of the modern type.

nuts grown on a grafted tree-if you The following bit of misinformationhas into use in gardens, as sooner or laterit The lecturer emphasized the importance -
do, you will be humbugged sure. I been printed in hundreds of pa- will, the time required for ripening of j:
obtaining stocky plants to
can sell all the pecans I raise at 20 pers, and is still going the rounds: pines will be materially lessened." commence with. Having secured j

and 25 cents a pound at home. I "California's last orange crop Very truly yours, suckers of such a character,the jagged
would advise those who expect to amounts to 3,400,000 boxes, which is H. J. WEBBER.
ends should be cut off, and some
plant trees to plant fifty feet apart. worth nearly $5,000,000. Subtropical. Laboratory, Eustis, Fla. older and bruised leaves removed so
The makes a beautiful shade The last orange crop of California,
that the roots ready to push from
The do in now nearly marketed, will amount to
tree. most important to
PAPER ON PINEAPPLES.In their bases might no .
pecan culture is to tap root them, and but little over one-half the number of
f the absence of Mr. H. W. Ward suckers should be potted up in ;
do this is boxes given above. ,
r to successfully to plant and
r' transplant, cut the tap root eight There are in this State about 60,000acres a paper contributed by him on the sizes. If this operation be done in
April care should be taken to warm
\ inches below surface. If this is done of bearing orange trees at this Cultivation of Pineapples was read by ,
before it is
time and the marketed from that the assistant secretary.Mr. the soil thoroughly used.
at one and two years old, very few crop
will die. Protect from stock-cattle acreage this season will not reach two Ward, whose success in the Good drainage and absolutely clean

t and sheep will eat them. I would not million boxes, or say a little over 30 culture of these 'fruits is well known, pots must be used. Pot the large
advise any one to invest all of their boxes per acre. This would be less commenced his paper by remarkingthat suckers first, and plunge them in the

;: capital in pecans, or any other single than an average of half a box to a tree the pineapple is a native of the same order, the top of the foliage being
branch of agriculture. Raise pecans for the entire acreage, and yet it has West Indies,and that it is grown very only a few inches from the roof

for home consumption and some to been freely stated that our orange trees largely in Jamaica, and other West glass. The soil should be rammed
Indian Islands. The mean well and the sucker made perfectly
sell. average eight boxes to the tree. It temperature
__ __ will be seen from the above figures of these islands,is generally about firm. As soon as there are plenty of
The Modern Art of introducedto roots formed, the plants may be given
". Spraying. that the average yield per tree is as 80 degrees. The pine was
f There is now ready for distributionby yet very small; and it may be said too, Britain in 1690, since which time it liquid manure occasionally, also sur-
the U. S. Department of Agriculture that the groves of Florida, though has been cultivated for its fruit, more face dressings with some reliable
to all applicants bulletin less in English gardens. In refer- stimulating manure. This treatmentcan
,, a on much older than ours, never aver- or ,
"Spraying for Fungous Diseases"- aged more than a box to the tree in ence to the tendency during late yearsto be continued until the fruits are
,1 No. 88 of the Farmers' Bulletin series.It any year of their history.-California cease the cultivation of pineapplesin well up. The plants must not be allowed
is four years since there was pub- Fruit Grower. England owing to the expense connected to become pot-bound before
lished in a former bulletin "a sum- i .. with their culture, and to the they are transferred to those in which

: mary of the more important methods Checking Pear Blight. fact that imported fruits can be easily they are to fruit. For this operation,
of combating some of the destructive obtained, the author declared that the as favorable weather as possible shou'dbe
During 1893 and 1894 the LeConte
T diseases of fruits." During this time heavy expense necessarily incurredwas chosen. Afterwards shade the
orchards suffered somewhat severelyfrom
many improvements have been made more imaginary than realwas in- plants from the strong sunlight for
i J't iu the work, and for this and other blight, but thorough pruningand deed contrary to facts. Also that the about three weeks, and then gradually
diseased limbs
of all
t reasons it seems desirable to now bring burning superiority in quality of Britishgrownfruits lessen same, also increase daily the
If especially in the winter, appears to circulation of air in the house when
i together, in brief, practical form, our over any imported ones, was ,
have checked the disease and in
l present knowledge on the subject. very considerable. No garden was the temperature is from 80 to 90 de-
1895 few blackened leaves were
whether it will very without To obtain grees. The bottom heat should be
The question as to pay complete a pinery.
found. The thorough cutting out of
II'k to spray has long since been answered success it was necessary that kept at about 85 degrees during the
all diseased limbs, cutting back as far
and In winter the
it is there should be accommodation summer autumn.
in the affirmative! so not necessary proper -
i if" at this time to enter upon any argument as is the any most discolored effective bark preventive can be found whichwe and that the grower should havea fruiting pines should be given a day

in regard to this phase of the subject thorough knowledge of the plant's temperature of 70 to 75 degrees; or by
have found against the spread of
\ Given these pineap- sun-heat 80 to 85 degrees. The fruits
requirements. ,
) the disease.Mississippi Experiment
' should be made secure by ties. That
i i- "During the past four years numerous Station. ples could be grown with less trouble
I h- solutions, powders, etc., have been .. > than any other fruit. Detailed infor- the crowns may not become unpro-
IJ t tested, with a view of determining This is a great country and the fact mation was then given as to the particular portionately large, care should be
i their value as economical, effective, was never more evident than on the kind of houses preferred by taken that no water is allowed to
c and practical preventives of fungous 9th day of May, 1896. After three Mr. Ward. In all cases the houses lodge in them. On the other\ hand,
If- parasites. While a number of these months of almost unbroken drouth, should be low, that when plungedthe if the crown in any case appears to be

preparations have given promise of we are shipping vegetables by the car plants may be but little removed unprdportionately small, a little tepid
value, none have been found which loads, and on the date aforesaid three from the roof glass. A sufficient water occasionally will be likely to induce

'i't : fill so many requirements as bordeaux steamers carried out of this end of our quantity of four-inch pipes should be growth in same.

mixture and the ammoniacal solution county: From the Manatee river,4,000 employed, that the necessary temperature As Queens are prone to produce
I f-L of copper carbonate. Of the two preparations crates; from Terra Ceia Bay, 2,600 may be maintained without un. numerous suckers, it is important that
_ ;" bordeaux mixture has long crates; total of one day, 6,600 crates. duly heating the apparatus; at the no water be allowed to rest in the
been recognized as possessing the Manatee River Journal. same time care should be taken in re- axils of the leaves, but in varieties ofR


, .

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j 326 ,




.. .
'>, : '. ,. -.; -. :

.." _', -' _' ::.:: ,_:._ ,,:':__.., ,H"',. .' __: ,;.' : "::'," ::

A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to ', '


: T7 I D A1 TAI4YSIS s '
'o Ammonia, _
: Available 432 to 532 per cent.
Phosphoric Acid
4 to 6 cent.
Potash (Actual) per .
: 6 to 8 cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash per
11 to 13 per cent.

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate. and Sulphate of Potash.

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s
Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals a Complete
Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.
Write. Us for Prices before Buying. CORRESPONDENCE.

Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton, WESSON: & TOOJVTOR, JaCkSOIlVilify

Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices. .

an opposite character this would
signify. The ripening of the fruits not Florida Pines in Philadelphia.The 35 cents, but that before sundown he Tomato and Egg Plant Blight..

,. might be retarded a month, if, when Philadelphia Grocery World would take 15 cents. I asked him Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
coloring commences the plant be re- says:: The Florida pineapple is considered what was the matter, and he said they This disease was known in Florida

.- moved to an airy vinery from which 'the best pineapple grown, and were knocked to pieces in shipping.You when I came here, between eighteenand

the grapes have been cut. The plant meets a favorable reception wherever gentlemen put them on the cars nineteen years ago. It attacks

should be placed on an inverted pot introduced. None of these have come carefully, and perhaps you think theyare both the tomato and egg plant, and is

in such cases to guard against mice. to( this market yet this year, althoughthe handled as carefully all the way worse on new land. It bothered mea

The color and flavor of fruits so fruit from points further south is through; but they are jolted on the good while, but I no longer dread it,

treated will be superior rather than in- now arriving and being sold at auc- cars, slammed around when transferred and have frequently cured plants that

ferior to those not so treated. tion. The Florida fruit brings more piled on top of each other, and were affected by it. his best, how-

than the other varieties, by reason of generally knocked about.I ever,to prevent it, as "an ounce of pre-
The principal insects from which its scarcity and good quality. It understand you ship something vention is worth a pound of cure."
the is liable
pine to attack are scale is! estimated that the total Florida output like This I do by first seeds
and Black sixty to a crate, which I think is saving from
mealy bug. scale can be of pineapples could be sold in too I the finest plants that is those
F I be rid of with many. want you to get all the having
J I but got:Mr. Ward's experience comparative with white ease, Philadelphia in one week, which indicates money you can, and my object is totAl the finest fruit; then, second, using

[. scale that obtained how this industry has been I you how. You have noticed how kainit liberally, from a quarter to a

the introduction of a suckers footing owing to neglected in the past." beer is shipped in barrels of ten dozen half-pound per plant, mixed in with

t from another Our friendly contemporary makes which can be thrown around in the other fertilizer. '

t J this source,had was best that be plants attacked i the erroneous statement that "50,000 any way. Well they slide the bottles In nearly two thousand plants I have
l. by thrown
pest away, crates were shipped out of the State into cheap paper wrappers. If had but two well-defined cases of this
and a fresh start should be made. "
t season. This was approximately were made so you could wrap disease so far this season. To these I
The author had had
no exeperience the number shipped out the precedingyear them around the pines and ship in applied a handful of kainit and about
, with mealy bug, but he believed that
this also ; last year the output was insignificant crates of half the size, you would get an ounce of copperas in a bucket of
if it
once obtained was a very footing.Mr. only a few thousand crates. twice as much money a! you do.I water, first drawing away the top soilso

,- J. H. Fisher, who occupied the would also advise that you do not as to leave a basin around the plant,

chair, said that the decadence in pine A Lake Worth Pinery.In ship your pines as ripe as you do. and leaving this basin open for a day

culture in England was no doubt dueto a personal letter may 16, Mr. The ones I receive now come half or two. If I had not been out of Peruvian -
G. C. ripe. At the time i I should have added
the abundance of excellent fruits of f Matthams of the Florida Pine those pines were guano a

fine flavor that could now be obtained apple Company, says: "We have been selling at Fulton :Market I bought a heaping tablespoonful of that.

from the Canary Islands. He had shipping Porto Ricos since April 24, carload of apricots at $1.35, which One of these plants I left with the

bought splendid fruits from five to and will begin Red Spanish next week. were carefully packed, with paper between diseased part on, and although it

in We have a fine lot of Porto Ricos, each tier. If they can do that seemed cured for several days, yet the
seven pounds weight at 6d.
each. Undoubtedly fruits 2s. between seventy and .eighty per cent way with apricots you can do it with disease broke out all over the plant at

; Britain under producedin bearing." pines. When I see a nice apple offered once, and so severely that I saw it was
such careful
treatment ... for what I will give, I feel sorry useless to try to save it. This, with
as was described in the lecture
for the grower. Apples which would some previous experiments in the same
in Wrapping Pines.
were superior flavor and color tE
IF E sell in England for seven shillings,will 1 line, shows it is necessary to cut or
any produced in the best conditionout At of the
a meeting Indian River not bring twenty-five cents. pinch off all the affected part of the
of doors in their native
habitats. and Lake Worth Pineapple Growers'Association
: plant.
Among the uptown fruiters in New
: But the difference to an ordinary in Mr. Tomlinson, the stew Several times
York, I do not see of fancy I have noticed an -
any your apparent
dividual was hardly andwas I ard of Mr.
: perceptible Flagler's steam yacht, said: varieties. There is no reason why immunity from this disease in
certainly not worth the differencein "I have had occasion
to visit Fulton fields of
should not $ for tomatoes that were fertilized
you get i a pineapple,
cost. The chairman also described Market in
I New York City frequently, for the ones sold in Fulton :Market with cottonseed (not meal), but cannot
the popularity of the fruit in Singapore and also the best fruit dealers in the were worth $i, but sold at 25 cents. be sure that it will always prevent it.
and remarked that it was the city. I have a great eye for anything CHAS.
Whether it was due to over ripenessor KERR.
custom there to eat salt instead of from Florida, though I am not a pineapple bad Archer Alachua
packing I could not say. The County, Fla.
sugar with them. Mr. Fisher believed 'grower. Last summer I hap- said .
had been
, man they knocked to
that if his audience were to give salt pened in the market several timeswhen in The Leggett Powder-Gun.
pieces shipping. If will
L a few trials they would it and the best you wrap *
prefer fruit of the season F
it was them as the beet is wrapped, you will They have for some time past been
was certainly more wholesome. and
being unpacked, how the make more claiming that they could make the
Perhaps i it was not generally known pines looked. I was there when money. dry
that the bottom of they This came from a man who has powder do as good work as any liquid
part a pineapplewas were opening tremendous
loads of handled fruit all his lifetime and knew preparations, by the use of their
} decidedly better than the top. If Smooth Cayennes, Abbakas and other gun.
! what he was talking about.TropicalSun. The great point in this is, that it
any person was able to choose, bow- varieties, and I asked the man selling 1 from carrying around

ever, he would recommend him to them what they could be pur- 4 rels you of water. If I heavy bar-
take a slice of the lower half.-Gard- chased for. am correct, they
Florida's State quarantine laws state that one-fourth
pound of
, ener's Chronicle, April 25, 1896. I He that he I Paris
,!' replied would begin at now in full force. I green, with their machine,can be made


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-- .,-r=;>"Z' ,


i ,
__ .._ ,<10

to cover an acre of potatoes. All you doing, sprinkle a little carbolic acid though they may not know how, the Lands for.u.. < ,
have to lug about is four ounces of over it, to give it the characteristicodor. little bud of a sweet orange inserted ina <.

the poison. If dissolved in water it After each rain, stir the dirt sour stock, at the junction changesits Lemons

would take a barrel or more. You and make it fine, but it need not againbe character. Up to that junction,

may'ask why the Leggett machine is sifted. The hens will resort to it, root, tree,bark is of the sour kind and ,

better than the bellows we have adver- and rid themselves of lice. If the can produce none but its kind. But, Fruit
tised. It is better in this respect: You poultry-house is kept clean, and a dust presto change, the sour, bitter-producing Grape :

can throw the poison in a little cloud bath> is provided, the hens can keep juices are commmanded, thus far

that is almost imperceptible to the eye, their bodies free from lice with its use. shalt thou come, but no further. They and

and yet it kills the insects. The .. instantly are converted into the juicesfor Pineapples IN .

machine is worked by crank and gear- The Hen's Victuals. producing a sweet orange.

wheels, giving a strong, steady blast; Some people decline- to eat chickenson The laboratory of a hen's stomach Brevaru A Dade Counties "
and the feeding machinery is so accurate bears an analogy to the transformingpower ,
account of the disregard they have
and of that of the bud in the sour
easy adjustment, orangeor
for the selection of their food. Manu-\ FLORIDA.In .
you can easily make one-fourth of a facturers of chicken food lay great apple tree. order to induce the cul--
whole So far --- 1*
pound go over a acre. of Citrus fruits in
stress upon the quality of its effect Lice and Cleanliness. the
rather like the machine. The
we new upon the egg-production. The chicken's counties named, the
prices, however, are pretty high-$5 Strange as it may seem, a large ma
stomach or rather its gizzard is a
for a small one, and$ISo for one large jority of poultrymen refuse to recognizethe FLORIDA EAST COAST
sort of filter which converts a
pasture ,
to throw the all existence of lice. examinethe
enough powder They RAILWAY COMPANY .
good deal of foul material into
through a large apple tree. For the very poultry houses to-day, and find but
choice human food and in the
egg, will for the next nine months
codling moth, the Rural New Yorker few, yet in a week, if the weather is
of the most delicate
one easily digestedand
make a reduction of TWENTY-
thinks it is there be millions of lice
perhaps, just as good as warm, may ,
nutritious foods and the one most
FIVE cent. on price of its /
but for small be with per I
liquid preparations; applyingthe so as to seen difficulty.If
generally desired in our hotels and
Bordeaux mixture, they have not the hens can have fine, dry dust to lands in above counties or
boardinghouses as well as the home.
succeeded in roll in drive the lice until Dec IS, 1896.
as yet giving us a powderthat they can away
Philip Snyder in the "Country Gentle-
would stick to the foliage as wellas from their bodies, but as soon as they For terms and prices apply to
men, very forcibly discusses the food. D C, Sutton W R. Moses,
the Bordeaux. the the the house or West Palm
enter they are cov-
By poultry
way, question, and argues that offensive food Beach, Fla.; W.C.Valentine, Ft. Lauderdale
Bordeaux mixture be found ered lose rest their Fla F. S. .
may on again. They : ; Morse Miami Fla. or to
eaten by the hen results no more in
J. E. Ingraham Land Commissioner
the leaves of and the bodies made and the
trees daily
apple on impure meat and eggs than that the are sore, St. Augustine. Fla. :
grass, even after a tremendously heavy torture becomes unbearable. Death
choice diet of the skunk is convertedinto
rain; and this is the case when the ends their sufferings, and the farmer
a most offensive odor:
rain comes the same day the mixtureis "Experience and observation seem loses his fowls. There are also the West Coast of Florida.
We shall the Bordeaux head lice which constant
applied. use large cause 1
to teach that the quantity of tainted
mixture for scab but I The house must j
as a fungicide annoyance. poultry
food hens and chickens pick whenat 1
think that, hereafter, we shall use the large, or even in yards, up and be kept clean. ;Drench the house, 20,000CltES FRUIT LAND j
powdered Paris green for all sorts of walls, roof, yard and fences with kero- j
runs, does not hurt them at all, or affect -
insects. We shall, however, add Paris sene emulsion twice a week, or oftenerif
production unfavorably.
to the Bordeaux mixture be- egg Theyeat The most picturesque part of Florida lies around J
green necessary.
and enjoy a great deal of food we
cause we can just as ,well put on bothas .
and Lake Butler
do not covet-for instance, crushed Soils for Poultry.A Tarpon Springs
only one. Gleanings Bee
bones, putrid meat, insects winged and on the line of the :-]
Culture. insects crawling, flies, angle worms, sandy, dry soil is best for poultry,
most kinds of larvae (otherwise "mag- if very porous, it will be cleaned by the: PL7=rNT SYSTEM.and .

Poultry. gots"), mice as large as they can gulp rains carrying down the'filth into the only 26 miles northwest from the great city of ,
.down blood soil, and because there is less mud ?
grasshoppers, undigested
and dampness in winter. Nearly all AlPA. .
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY Apopka Fla. grain mixed with excrements, red
headed grubs, pin feathers from each of the large duck farms are on sandy Special offers to settlers on the best fruit and

Bone and Meat for Eggs. other's bodies and flesh along with soils, and as the use of such soils for agricultural For maps and lands information at Is to $.0 apply per acre.to

There is no kind of food that will them, and all the while seem to thrive the raising of poultry is profitable,

answer for summer unless it is free and wax fat. M. D. says, 'it is well there should be an opportunity for LAKE BUTLER VILLA LAND CO.
those who have farms of soils
known that the of fowl is affectedby light
from fat or starch. If the flock is egg a :
the condition of the food but there that cannot be made! to pay otherwise,
confined, food must be provided, and ; TARPON SPRINGS, FLA. i
then a proportion of grain may be he probably generalizes too much. No to devote them to poultry, especiallyif

allowed; .but if the hens are on a breeder ever limits the feed of his flockto near markets can be convenientlyreached. J

range they should be given no food. such stuff alone, and mixed with FHE IMPROVED
There is one kind of food that will clean grain and grain products, and VICTOR

make hens lay, and that is lean meat. sent to the all-powerful gizzard as Always remember that promptnessin

And it may be allowed that those who fast as nature requires, it is met- replying to letters is the way to INCUBATOR

use bone-cutters and can secure fresh amorphosed into flesh, eggs, feathers secure customers. --_-.. Absolutely Hatches Chickens.by Pelf.rrgulatlnr.Steam.
bones beak and toe-nails for Always bear in mind that by con- '- '' most reliable.
bone from the butchers, can providethe toes (At*. -__ and cheap t Hret-class Halcbei
cheapest and best food that can be scratching in the garden, and various tinually advertising you bring your Jojnie In the marlcf't. rculars ft**
4 cents GBO.IUt1'EL&CO.,
other and in the hen name before the public, and thereby QuluCf.UJ.
given. A pound a day for a dozen parts purposes
hens is ample. It costs but a small : economy that need repair or recupera- build up a substantial business. BRASS BAND

sum for a cutter, compared with the. tion. The wonderful apparatus knownas Always rake the droppings off every r Instruments.Drums,Uniforms Equipments .
food, and though operating a bone- the gizzard does it all, and whateveris morning. Cleanliness is a great pre- for Band and Drum Corps. Low

cutter demands labor (as a bone is not sent from it into the system has, with- ventive of sickness. .. estpricesererquoted. FineCateloMqIlinstrationeeailedfree; it give*Band
the is doubt the brand of '0. K.' : Always keep a sharp lookout for \' MUllic.t Instruct'nafor AiiatinrBandi.LVOV .
easily reduced), gain more than out uponit. \ A lliU.Y: ,
That is vermin and eradicate them ;, .lor.Ida**M.a>4 w.......Aim..>,fkl.ca,!!!.
the expenditure. AVe probably referto Why not? what the giz as quicklyas .

this summer feeding very often,but zard is made for."Doubtless possible.

the tendency is to feed too much, and it may be conceded thatan Always do little odd jobs that want

it is difficult to convince poultrymenof exclusive diet of nastiness for weeksor doing at once. "Procrastination is

the fact. Meat stands first of all months would injuriously affect the the thief of time," and often a nail

producing foods, and is the cheapest quality of eggs and flesh; but the hen here or a tack there will save an hour's

in proportion to results obtained. has sense enough not to confine herself: work. well begun Is half done. Begin
-Farm and Fireside. to such food. Not much comes amissto Always buy your food in as large well Don't by let getting chance Ferry'determine Seed.

-. ? her, and this wide and judicious va- quantity as possible, as you will then your Seeds.crop Known, but plant and Ferry's told
The Best Dust Bath. riation is the egg consumer's insuranceof generally be able to get it at a cheap everywhere.

During the summer season the best quality. Let her eat what she will; Before you plant getFerry's

mode of providing a dust bath is to her well-equipped chemical laboratoryis rate.Always keep a strict account of all Seed Annual

dig out a space in the poultry yard a guarantee that what passes thai you buy or sell. By treating your for 1896.information Contains for more farmers practical

three feet square and about six or organ is as clean and as pure as gold hobby in a thoroughly business way, and priced gardeners text books.than Mailed many free high-

eight inches deep. When the dirt is bearing the refiner's stamp." you will derive greater pleasure by D.L nEal A CO., DETROIT, MICH. j

dry, sift it back into the place from The intelligent readers of the Ruralist seeing exactly how much profit you

which it was taken, and when so will have no difficulty in perceiving, have earned. 1

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-", .;.jState. News. Our Rural Home. . . *

.': ,... ..,...
:.i.t:: - - - - -
I :: The Cuban Tobacco Growers' As- Embroidered Linens. HE'S : AND WHY ?
For Our Rural Home.
sociation at Fort Meade have succeeded -
Stamped linens were never as cheapas
in floating the $30,000 of pre- .
at the time. .
ferred stock, which will enable it to
proceed on a much larger scale for the Very pretty tray cloths can be
bought for 25 cents, all stamped in :
fall crop. Tampa Tribune. pretty designs, fringed, and some with GOING 1 The bicycle only weighs from 19 to 23 lbs.,
Shipments from Winter Haven dur- open work borders; when one ex but be wants the best. It doesn't break down,
ing the month of April amounted to amines the *
quality of linen, one can- you knov. Thcn, again,
27,198, of which 3,363 crates were not but feel susprised at the. low
shipped in solid car lots. Eloise, a prices.
mile and a half south of us, shipped Center pieces, sideboard cloths, Tij T 0 : He Tbillls of Selling Bicycles
14,258 crates, making a grand total of etc., are sold at correspondingly low ,
42,456 crates. We have heard of no figures at the shops, but the greatest
returns lower than $1.50, nor higher bargains seem to be in the tiny doy-- 4c antI he runts SODlctlting hint Is "36i: days
than $7.00 per crate. A happy me- lies of very fine linen, some of whichare D ij ahead of thcllt nil," so he buys 11. IrEilTING.
dium of these numbers is $3.50 per fringed, others having scalloped ICTTI1
crate. Assuming this as correct, we designs to be buttonholed. By sending -
have during the last month received direct to the manufacturers
$191,052 in return for our tomatoes. Brainerd & Armstrong, 99 Union St. : PObLOVI GOOD IDEAS
This, too, in the face of the most dis- New London, Conn., the very latest
astrous drouth known to the country. styles in fruit or floral doylies can be I 1. you'll follow his and
Iake Gazette. buy a KFLtTl11'G, A
had for 50 cents per dozen, or 25
For over a year the people of De- cents per half dozen. The sets of Postal, Uncle Sum's aid, und you have our

Land, and, in fact, the whole of Flor- twelve are in different designs and IC Catalogue.
ida, have been looking for hard times. cannot fail to please the most fastidious .i.* * *
The blear,eyed wolf has been expectedto needle-worker. The silk-cord
enter the kitchen door at any time. edged doylies are a trifle higher in KEATING WHEEL CO.
We are pleased to say that the unwel- price, but save a great deal of time in ,
corned visitor has not yet put in his ap button} o ing the edges. These finshededges HOLYOKE, MASS.
pearance. Business with our merchantsis are both strong and pretty. ---------

reported good, and money is not as ..... ELIZABETH. Remedies Against Mosquitoes The draining of breeding pools
scarce as it has been. The orange needs no discussion. the
Whole remedies
Wheat Bread.A Of against mosquitoes in Obviously
or growers feel greatly encouraged by the tested recipe for whole wheat houses the best is a thorough screening drying up of such places will prevent
healthy condition of sprouts, and while bread, which we are glad to note is of windows and the placing of mosquitoes from breeding therein, and
the crop this year will be nil, the growers becoming a part of the diet of every nets about beds. If the insects are the conditions of a successful application
will thrive on hope for another sea- well-nourished family, consists of one troublesome in sitting or sleepingrooms of this measure will, it is equally
son harvest, when little they fruit.confidently DeLand expect to pint of boiling water poured into apint during the evening the burningof obvious, vary with each case.
a Supple- of milk. Cool the liquid, and pyrethrum will so stupefy themas The introduction of fish into fishless
ment. when luke-warm add one cake of compressed to make their presence unobjectionable. ponds is feasible and advisable in
In DeSoto county large areas of flat yeast dissolved in half a cupfulof Pyrethrum for this purpose I many cases where the use of keroseneon
woods are enclosed for pastures, some warm water. Add a teaspoonful of should be prepared by moistening the the surface of the water would be
times 30,000 acres being under one salt and whole wheat flour to make a powder sufficiently to allow of its be- thought undesirable. In tanks sup
fence. One day last week 700 of these batter that will drop easily from a spoon. ing roughly molded by hand into plying drinking water, for example,
stolen cattle were found turned intone o Beat thoroughly five minutes, cover, cones about the size and shape of a fish would destroy the mosquito larvaeas
pasture. Such a condition of and stand in a place that is moderately large chocolate drop. These cones fast as hatched. A case is recordedin
things demanded heroic treatment, warm for three hours, enough flourto are then placed in a pan and thoroughly Insect Life (Vol. IV, p. 223)) where
and it was administered by this meet make a dough should then be added dried in an oven. When fired at carp were employed in this way with
o- ing. At midnight a conclusion was gradually. When stiff knead on your the apex, such a cone will smoulder perfect success by an English gentleman -
reached, in which every cattle owner beard until the mass is soft and elastic slowly, and send up a thin column of. living in the Riviera. At San
present signed a pledge not to steal but not sticky. Make the dough pungent smoke, not hurtful to man, Diego, Tex., the people use for this
cattle himself, hire no one else to do into loaves,put in greased bread pans, but stupefying to mosquitoes. In ac- purpose a little fish, called there a
t it for him, nor suffer any other man to and after covering stand it aside one tual experience two or three such perch, the species of which the writer
r do it if he could help it. Further, not hour. The time for baking will depend cones burned during the course of an has not been able to ascertain. Proba
: to buy, sell, or handle such stock; nor on the size of the loaves. If long evening have given much relief from bly the common voracious little
i. to go on any man's bond who may do French loaves, bake thirty minutes ina mosquitoes in sitting rooms. It does stickleback would answer admirablyas
any or all these things.-Tampa Trib quick oven. If large square loaves, not kill the insects, however, and is at a mosquito destroyer.
'tt une. bake one hour at a moderate heat. best but a palliative.The Probably the best, and certainlythe
A company has been formed at Or When crusty bread is liked the dough mosquitoes found on the ceil- easiest, of wholesale remedies
lando, Florida, to experiment in the may be in sticks and baked in pans ings of bedrooms in the evening may against mosquitoes is the applicationof
f .growing! of rubber trees, shrubs an made for that special purpose. And be quickly and easily killed by means kerosene to the surface of breeding
vines in the vast waste lands in the other tested recipe that requires less of a small, shallow tin cup (such as pools. The suggestion that kerosene
; southern part of the State. To this end handling, and that is used by Miss the lid of a blacking box) nailed to could be used as a remedy for mosquitoes
H. M. Flagler has donated 30.0 acres Johnson, is made in the following way: the top of a stick and wet inside with is not new and has been made
of land at Bay Biscayne in Southern Scald one cupful of milk, add a teaspoonful kerosene. This cup is placed over more than once. Exact experimentsout
Florida and in case the business proves of butter, the same quantityof the quiescent mosquito, which imme- of doors and on a large scale were
profitable, stands ready to grant from salt, a tablespoonful of sugar and diately drops or flies against the oily made in 1892, by the writer. These
ten to twenty thousand acres more one cupful of water. When luke-warm surface and is killed. But altogetherthe and subsequent experiments show that
k The parties actively interested in the add one-half of a yeast cake and enough most satisfactory means of fighting approximately one ounce of keroseneto
r project are J. Orton Kerby and Prof. wheat flour to make a thin batter. This mosquitoes are those which ar each 15 square feet of water sure -
0. Winkleman.. The former will 1 should be done in the morning, as thee directed to the destruction of the face on small pools will effectually
soon start for Callao, will cross th bread rises quickly. After making a larvae or the abolition of breeding destroy all the larva and pupae in that
: mountains, striking the headwaters of smooth batter let it rise until very places. These measures are not pool, with the additional advantage
,: the Amazon, and in a canoe trip down light. Add whole wheat flour gradually, everywhere feasible, but in many that the adult females, not deterred ,
the river, will engage in a trade with beating continuously until as much places there is absolutely no necessity from attempting to oviposit, are killed
the natives, exchanging cheap jewelry has been added as you can stir conve for the endurance of the mosquito when they alight on the kerosene-
and a variety of goods 'for Hevea nuts, niently. If the flour is not added plague. The principal remedies oi covered water. Ordinarily the application
rubber and curios. One of the features gradually and well mixed, the breadwill this class are three: The drainage oi need not be renewed for a
of the proposed Florida plantation L- be coarse-grained. Turn into ponds and marshes, the introductionof month, though varying circumstances
r. will be a nursery of Hevea treesgrown greased tins, and when light bake one fish into fishless pools, and the use may require more frequent applica
: from the nuts.-India Rubber hour in a moderate oven.-New York of kerosene on the surface of the tions in certain cases.-U. S. Government
r World, New York, May 10. Evening Post. water. Bulletin.

i, ..

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".:...... ... .,,';"" ....:".-.;. 'ice; .ifr"F'
I .



'- '

I! Stocking Supporters. present one of society's whims.-From
For Our Rural Home: "Society Fads," in Demorest's Magazine ;
Years ago no stocking supportersbut for May.

the round elastic garters were worn, ,
but now women have learned that Multiplying Canneries.
I tight elastic bands around the limbs With the exception of certain spe- :

impede the circulation of the blood, cialties, including standard California :
and are therefore injurious to the fruits and some lines of vegetables
health of the wearer. For this reason packed in the Baltimore district, trade From (
side elastics have come into generaluse testimony all tends to show that the

and are very satisfactory; but occasionally canning industry is overdone. Whetheror East
we hear the complaint, "too not it can be made to pay depends i,
plain;" while the round garters madeof largely upon the surroundings and the position i I
silk elastic and ornamented with manner in which it is conducted. Cooperation which : i

fancy buckles and ribbon bows are properly instituted and car- years I
dainty enough to suit the most fastidi-- ried out, would do much to make it a nal
success, but the very best business ing 1
r reporter
ous.Admitting that the round ones are judgment and management must be count: I
all that is claimed for them, the side employed, not only in getting the .
elastics may be made equally as at-I goods ready for the consumer,but also of my
tractive. Here is a description of in marketing. While much depressionhas and five

some recently seen. One pair was prevailed for a year past, especial fered
made of black silk elastic and black iy in the Eastern States, low prices 1
satin ribbon of the same width. The have quickened consumption, and for in
ends were finished with fasteners simi-- there has never been a time when the I sunk

lar to those used on the plain white use of canned goods was more general bed such

ones. The strap, which fastens to the than today. Stories appear periodically got so
waist, was of black satin ribbon, orna- of rich profits resulting from the tell his I
mented on each edge and across the canning business, but those contemplating pills to
ends with a feather stitching of gold- going into it should accept now j
colored Asiatic twisted embroidery such reports with greatest caution. If pills
I silk. Fancy buckles, attached to the not exaggerations, such profits will agony : } J
middle of the elastic, served to fastenit usually be found to be due to special "The j

to the ribbon strap and to regulatethe conditions, or to remarkably good more i
length of the supporter. Feather business management, and are not a poor,' 1
stitching concealed the stitches that fair basis to go on for a new enterprise wonder molasses 1

fastened the buckles and end fastenersin under average conditions.-American It was

place. A bow of ribbon with the Agriculturist. I was ; 1
feather stitching on each edge was /S/ fering
To Kill Salamanders.Editor :
sewed over the fastener which holds after
Farmer and Fruit-Grower: but I
each side of the
stocking. I think I read in a few pounds, ;
your paper j
Another pair was of light blue silk were j
months an advertisement or no- Telegraph.'I;
elastic and satin ribbon of the same ago actually }
tice of some apparatus for pumping a
shade and width. In this pair the upper in my
poisonous into salamander runs,
gas Pink
of the elastic and the
,.i part was ;
price 200. It was said to be effec- monial] ; ?]
buckle sewed to the middle of the
was }
tive in their destruction. I have hope.
ribbon. A waving vine of feather looked carefully through I Before
your paper
stitching, worked with white Asiatic and
but cannot find the same. If ;
you felt
filo silk extends the as if
or etching lengthof
have any trace of such in your office I i miles.
the ribbon. Bows of the ribbon,
or know of the apparatus named, I through
with white flower embroideredwith I 1
a tiny bye to
will be greatly obliged to if
you you j
Asiatic filo each and end
on loop my ;
will kindly inform me where they 3
concealed the fasteners at each side of
may be obtained. Thanking you in that
the stocking.A
I anticipation. 1tI.I I to leave
pair of pink silk supporters were
Lake Co., Fla. to be;
ornamented with tiny sprays of forget- merry

me-nots on straps and bows.R. You probably had in mind the bi- I have got
E. M. a
-*-.-. sulphide of carbon. This can be pro| the
The Fashionable Type of Girl. cured from E. R. Taylor, Manufacturing -I i r Dr. '
Every style of girl is said in society Chemist, Cleveland, Ohio. No
} to have her day, and just at the pres- pumping apparatus is required to introduce sary blood to
it into the burrow. It is
the of feminine looks in
ent type greatest I are also
demand and admiration is she of volatile liquid and a little of it I females, ; ;
poured down into the hole will ties and
J the very sallow, nay, of a distinctly evapo-
yellowcomplexionwhose countenance rate and the vapor will kill the occu- of build up

shows no animation whatever,but who pant. men

can boast a pair of large,gloomy,black How's This! arising
eyes. Can you trace the likeness? We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward excesses
These unfortunate girls have come to for any case of Catarrh that cannot be are sold ( )
the fore since Eleanor Duse has won cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. I.I and at 50 ;

f such popularity here. Well, the sallow F. J. CIIENEY & CO.Toledo, Props.,,0. ly by may

I. dark eyed girls are enjoying their We the undersigned have known F. J. Co.,
1 day hugely, and do their hair in soft, Cheney for the last fifteen years, and be-
, languid-looking folds about their faces, lieve him perfectly honorable> in all business Mr.
and drop an occasional Italian,insteadof transactions and financially able to Moore
French, word into their conversa- carry out any obligation made by their is in )

tion. In fact, Duse has made the soft firm. WEST & TRUAX, on May
J language of Italy wonderfully popular Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, 0. us that
since she has been in this country,just WALDING, KINNAX &; MARVIN, one
:. as she has brought into favor the cus- Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, 0. tion.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, have
tom wearing a large turquoise ringon
directly the blood and mu-
the first finger of the left hand. It acting cous surfaces of upon the system. Price 75c. I ville, :
is the only jewel she honors with daily per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Testimonials tised : JI

a usage, and the unique ornament is at free. Starke :



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! I II I f
i Florida'Farmer and Fruit Grower Ii i The drouth this spring has been uncommonly In the mixed school-room the children save it from the vermin thus late in ;

t* I i severe and persistent, and are of all ages; the little ones are the season; but it can be done, and i

f A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main farmers in some sections have been unfortunate not old enough to recognize social and the crop might bring a little money

Street, Jacksonville.Fla.t and deserve sympathy. This race; distinctions. If they were old next fall.Plant ;

spring drouth is one that we always enough, they would probably feel the the navy or Boston pea bean ,
I have, in greater or less measure, andit humiliation of their position, though for a late crop. Seed can be pro-
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ought to be provided against by possibly, on account of their training, cured from J. J. H. Gregory, Marble-

For One Year .......|2.oo every resource in the grower's power, they might not, and more's the pity. head, Mass. -::
For Six .
In Foreign Countries ............... 3.00 1.00 for the spring and the late winter are Their parents have no right to do anything Spinach or spinage will flourish in "
r., :Subscriptions in all cases cash in the time to raise a money crop in. t to break down that sense of recognition the rainy season and yield an agree-
advance. No discount allowed on one's Florida, and the opportunity then let on the part of their children. able constituent for that favorite Southern

all own subscription liberal(except cash commission in a club), but will to slip can not be wholly recovered for There is a profound American prejudice dish, bacon and greens, which is :+

- be awed a on all subscriptions obtained the next twelve months. Food and against the mingling of whites and by no means to be overlooked. So will '

. by them. Write for terms. forage crops can be grown in abundance blacks in any capacity whatever which the Lady variety of the cowpea.

To every new subscriber we will send, some time in the course of the savors of equality. To send little in The summer rains are certain not ;

postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- year, but not so with money crops. nocent white children to sit at the to delayed beyond June 10 or 15. .
ing in Florida." For two new subscribers An irrigation plant would be a sort of same desks with negro children in apentup ... 1
- at $2.00 each, we will send, an insurance policy, and the plant need schoolroom is both a physicaland ....
Lemons and Mountains. ,11 I i
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange
Culture.' not be expensive for a few acres. a social outrage. It is a fanatic nui
There is no insurance against frost but sance which the parents and teachers Lemons do not generally grow on ,
Rates of advertising on application. '
to plant where frost does not occur. have mountains and it is not necessary that
no more right to create than they
Remittances should be made by check, .....-. have to they should for mountaineers do not :11'
create nuisance
postal note money order or registered a physical by
letter to order of There are a great many things con- establishing a fertilizer factory in the need them. They are needed by low- \
nected with the administration of the middle of a city in hot weather. This landers and especially in Florida in ;j
:FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER National Government, such as the gigantic particular Sheats law is sound, thoughthe summer. Properly used they will ':''y

Jacksonville, Fla. theft of the Pacific railroads, author, Mr. Sheats, is capable of take the place, to a great extent, of a ;r
the syndicate swindle on recent bond doing and saying some foolish summer outing in the mountains in .*
CONTENTS.Florida transactions to the amount of millions, things; and the FARMER AND FRUIT- preserving and invigorating the vitality /I

the refusal of the Secretary of the GROWER is ready to battle for it with i of the system. In some respects f
Treasury to out silver of the it is unfortunate for Florida whose
. Clover; Beggarweed a Nuisance in pay part tooth and nail, if necessary.The 11:
. Orange Groves; Cut ofl Strawberry Runners time, which it is hard for the ordinary "Cultivator's" assumption that summer climate gives most people a '
; Kaffir Corn; What Is Kaffir Corn? 323 citizen to read about without anger. the cessation of these mixed schools bilious tendency, that there are no f

_, Varieties and Value of Kaffir Corn; Flour But what good does it accomplish for : would cause Florida to relapse into illiteracy mountains near, at hand for a tonic. ::1\
from the .....
. Sorghums; Pecan Culture. 324 i him to dwell upon them? To think is ridiculous and The seacoast has its undoubted great {
The Modern Art of Spraying; California Or- insulting to
, ange Crop; Checking Pear Blight...... 325 about such things is harder work than the State. The whites of the State area value, but to some constitutions it will 1

t PINERY-Pines in England................. 325 rolling logs; it is more wearing to the little over half the population; yet t not take the place of the bracing moan-
Florida Pines in Philadelphia;A Lake Worth nervous system and mental balance.Let this one-half has to pay practically all tam atmosphere. J
Pinery;Wrapping 326 the farmer write a few emphatic the taxes to educate both halves. In Lemons may be made both coast *
Tomato and Egg Plant Blight; The Leggett sentences his Senator and and mountain.Let .
to M. C.
Blow Gun................. 326 every district, where there are enoughof
expressing his views as to their duty every summer dweller in Florida i
POULTRY-Bone and Meat for Eggs;The Best them, the negroes have their separate
Dust Bath; The Hen's Victuals; Lice and in the premises, then go on plowing schools, provided for out of the of a bilious temperament provide "
k Cleanliness; Soils for Poultry............ 327 corn and drinking buttermilk. He public fundand with as long terms a himself a stock of good lemons 1\;
r r OUR RURAL HOME Embroidered Linens; who by diligence and economy pro the white schools have.Suggestions sand every morning at least a half i 1

"f Whole Mosquitoes Wheat.Bread; Remedies..Against 328 vides an abundance for his family, who, .. hour before breakfast-an hour is bet-
Stocking Supporters; The Fashionable Type after each day's labor enjoys unbroken ter-take the juice of a half or a wholeone
: of Girl; Multiplying Canneries; To Kill sleep, with a contented wife and bright, on Planting.Sweet in a pint of water without any *i

f Salamanders......... .-... 329 beautiful children growing up around potato plants may be set and sugar. It is an heroic dose, especially Ito
EDITORIAL-Notes;Mixed schools in Florida; him, is on the surest road to happinessand made to live in the dryest weather by I women who dislike sour stuff, but 7

f Mountains.Suggestions..on..Planting; Lemons and longevity. filling the holes full of water, settingthe I its effect is so admirable that most j

Markets; A Trip 330 plants deep and covering the wet people will come to look upon the ;J
Weather and Crops ... 332 Mixed Schools in Florida. earth with dry, to prevent crusting.In taking of this early lemonade straight ]
t The Plant System Again 334 The "American Cultivator," an eminent fact, we would rather set them ina i as the great event in the twenty fours

i Stacking Fodder at a Cost ofTen Cents Ton 336 agricultural paper of Boston, concludes moderate drouth than when there i hours. Do not neglect it for a single i

, 4 a paragraph on the Sheats law an excess of rain. morning until you begin to feel the
Weather in Jacksonville. of Florida thus: "If schools are to be If the tomato plants are yet alivelet reinvigorating effects of the approaching

; Week Ending May 18, 1896OATS. suppressed, and the white and colored them spread out over the groundand autumn frosts, and we will, with "
youth allowed to grow up in the ignorance keep covering the branches with reasonably prudent living in other respects -j j
I, S' .; ... and vice which must result from earth fast
a M be a .sd as as they become leafless, almost guarantee you good ;
F .. a s JL w!! = a V oa the present policy, Florida will soon and fruit may be enjoyed all summer. health and vigor all the summer. ,*
00 00 cease to be a popular winter resort It is the of the 't
: - scalding sun on the
....... For eleven the writer has !
f May 12. 74 82 68 26 8t years
94 .00 and of the chief
one sources of the naked branches which kills the
... .. plants.
. May 13. 73 79 69 80
92 23 .00 never a of
May 14,....... 75 77 59 2 19 80 .00 prosperity of the State will be dried I I Plant Hubbard squashes and the old I spent summer any part a _'
May 15........ 80 90 69 at 80 .00 summer outside of Florida. Before he
........ 9 up. yellow field pumpkin until "
f May 76 91 70 21 So .00 July i. learned this secret to the free
F May ........ 75 77 59 68 21 78 Now the arises as use
II .00 question : If the Both of these hard shelled products
. May ........ 75 68 91 68 23 80 .00 parents of lemons, the lassitude produced by
,t __ of the white children are willing may be kept in a cool, dry place until
i. ....... the climate was sometimes almost in-
Mean 75 77 9169 22'8o .00 to let them be educated in the -
and '
r, same next spring, they help the bill of f tolerable; but underithe lemon regimen ',
Total room and in the same classes with negroes fare a considerable.
rainfall.A.. J. MITCHELL Observer. what business is it of the lawgivers From our readings we have much he goes up two stair-steps at a time in ..!
, the middle of about
July as readily as
and courts of Florida? Is this confidence in Kaffir corn as a catch -
in the middle of
Some weeks ago we published an any worse than to see the most refinedyoung 1 crop for late planting, though we can January.. <1,
item from a California fruit paper ladies of Jacksonville sitting in i hardly believe it is destined to sup
a stating that there was an almost entire carriages side by side with negro drib plant Indian corn. If the corn crop The West Palm Beach dairy has re- '

, cessation of orange planting, and trees ers? is gone, and the supply of Kaffir seed moved to this point-It has a daily ..1,
, could hardly be given away. This Much as we personally hate to witness in the State is exhausted, writeto supply of thirty gallons.-Miami item
must have applied to seedlings, as we the latter spectacle, there is still ta the director of the ExperimentStation in Tropical Sun.

find in the California Fruit Grower the difference. The negro driver is perforce Manhattan, Kansas, enclosing Mr. Like has shipped 1,300 crates '

;, following: A heavy demand for young a clean and decent person; thereis I a stamped envelope, and get him of tomatoes from six acres, and will
Navel orange trees has sprung up i in limited space in a carriage. When to forward it to some dealer in genuine have seven or eight hundred more to ;
; nearly all the citrus districts in the he returns from the drive he goes to t seed. ship.-Manatee Advocate.

State, and the prices of suitable stock his room over the stable where he belongs If good seed can be obtained and 1 Most everybody seems to be cheerful I

for planting this season have advancedfrom 1 ,and the lady to the parlor where enough growers will plant to raise a since they see so many young >
100 to 500 per cent., according she belongs. The lady is old l
. enoughto neighborhood crop wrrth a buyer's oranges on the trees again. It is estimated _
.. to advices from Riverside, Redlands, recognize distinctly that he is the attention, we should not hesitate to that we will have 500 boxes in f 1
Los Angeles in the south, and Orville a I servant, that his business is to curry plant a half-acre or so of cigar tobacco, this section.-DeLeon Springs item in l

and Palermo at the north. |horses, and she treats him accordingly.. even yet. It will take a big fight to DeLand News. l lf li


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I .' '. f
;; ,

I : j

I flarkets. Onions, Bermuda, per crate, 1.20 to 1.25. THE J J'FIRST

String beans, Ch'n, wax, per basket, 75c "

to 1.25; Ch'n,. green, 1.00 to 1.25; Sav., j
y, wax 50c to 1.00; Sav., green, 75c to 1J25; NATIONAL BANK OF O FLORIDA

JACKSONVILLE FLA., May 22. Florida, per crate, 50c to 1.00. Squash, ,

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. Fla., white, per crate, 50 to 75c; yellow, JAcAsoNvIwIE.
crook neck, basket,50 to 75c. Tomatoes, ,

These are Corrected average by quotations.Marx Bros.Extra choice Fla., prime to fancy, per carrier, 2.50 to. The Oldest National Bank in the State. :,a

lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor 3.00; poor to good, 1.25 to 2.25.
lots sell lower. FRENCH & Co. CHARTERED 1874. CHARTER t-
Pines, crate ..........................5.00 to 6.00 EXTENDED, 1894.By .
Strawberries,per quart............... .05 to .06 conservative,yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity i
Lemons, Messina box............... 3.25103.50 Plttsburg Market. strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands. j
English Peas,dried, bu... ...... .... I.SO We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms drawing our own i
Peas, Clay, bushel........... ....... .85 Tomatoes, extra fancy, per carrier, 3.50 drafts on all parts of the: world. 3
Whippoorwill .................. 1.00 to 4.00; ordinary, 2.00 to) 2.50. Cucum- We invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business relations, assuring you that your 1
II Lad ...........?................. 1.25 bers, southern, doz, 50c to 1.00 favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention ;
Blaclceye...... .................. 1.50 bus. per ; per ,
Brown eye uu.. ........... .u. i.oo 1.50 to 3.50. New cabbage, Florida, JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY :
Cocoanuts......:....... .............. 350 large crate, 2.25 to 2.50; small crate, 1.50
Peanuts,best brand..... ............. 05 to .06 to 1.75; Mobile, 2.00 to 2.50; Charleston, President. Cashier.
Cabbage Florida (wanted), each...... 06 to .08
Potatoes,New York,bbl............. 1.25 2.00 to 2.50. New Potatoes, Bermuda, Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
'0 sacks ...........SI..sS.I.Iss 1.00 Chili, 7.50 to 8.00; Bermuda, rose-, ;
r Onions, New Bermuda, bushel crate 1.75 Southern Peerless, 2.50 to 3.00 Southern
Bggs........_........._.* .__ .10 Rose 3.50 ;
to 4.00; Triumph, 2.75 to 3.00. THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIES
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. New onions, Bermuda, per box, 1.30 to ,
1.35. SOMEBS, BRO. & Co.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. are offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and 96, including a limited supply of, _M'.

Yellow Yams,bush....,.............. .35 to .40 Buffalo Market. BOONE'S' EARLY *
Sweet Potatoes, ..........,........... .35 GENUINE TREES AND BUDS ;
Hubbard!squash, bbl............ ...... 1.50 :BUFFALO, N.Y., May 16.-Buffalo mar- .
Lettuce, doz........................_. .10 to .15 ket quotes as follows: Fancy tomatoes Also Grape Fruit, Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum,>w iterranean Sweet Bessie. Tangerine and
Celery ................. ........- .30 to .35 here 3.00 common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa'data Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour-
Egg Plants bbl......................3.00104.00 to 3.50. Cabbage, firmer, 1.75 stocks. Write for prices to
Tomatoes crates ..._...............1.00101.50 to 2.00 for fancy. Green peas, moving v. W. HA'VV'KINS & is02'Tt51.
Sweet Pepper,bu ...............__. I.SO mostly at 1.00 to 1.25. Green beans, 1.00 Georgetown Fla
Green.. Beans crate............... .... 75 to I.SO to 1.50 beans 2.00 to 2.50. Potatoes ,
Peas,crate-..................... .50 to .75 ; wax ,
Turnips,bunch............... ....... .03 to.06 5.00 to 6.00 for fancy; others less VInSON & CO.,
Pumpkins, each....................... 05 to .10 perbarrel.
Kershaws, each.... ........ ......... .05 to .10 BATTERSON Co.
Parsley per doz.bunches ...... ...... .05 to .10 & COMMISSIONMERCHANTS
Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to.25 .
Pepper,hot bushel,...................None. Pineapples.NEW .
Sage: well cured,Ib................,.... .25 -3: HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. i;
Hens........... -,....-......-.... .30 to .35 YORK, May .-Brown & Sec "_' j
ROOftl CM.*._.__.....__.._..* .25 comb sold six crates Floridas at Lemons Pineapples Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.No. ; '
Half grown...._..._................ .25 lOf to Oranges, j
Turkeys per poundgross.......?._ .10 to .12 L4Jc per pine, and 150 crates Bahamas at 20 West Front Street, CINCINNATI, OHIO.
Ducks_R.._A......__. ........... .35 51 to 8c each. :May 12, E.. L. GoodsellCo. i
Geese. ......?_...................... .35 to.40 sold Bahama at 4 to
New Beets per 100...........__ ..... .4010.75 19,250 pines J 6Jc 300 ACRES IN NURSERY. 0 ONE: ACRE UNDER GLASS. 0 38TH YEAR.
Water Cress,per doz. bunches ..... .25 per pine.
Cauliflower doz...................... 75101.50 Sgobel & Day say: We commencedour
Leeks per doz bunches.............. .25 auction sales from the Bahamas FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.
Radishes per doz.................... .10 to :so .
Cucumbers crate..... ....;.......... i.oo to 2.00 Wednesday, obtaining 8 to 7c on desira-
New Potatoes,per barrel ........... 2.00 to 3.50 ble sizes, 5c| on the 64's. The stock was Oriental Pears Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat, Strawberry j
Spinachper bushel................... .50 not remarkably fine it being the first of Plants. Grape Vines, etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens Cam lias. 50,000 Palms
Cabbage. Florida .................... 02 to .06 10,000 Camphor and Cinnamon trees,Ros s. The Greenhouse Department is the largest and
Wild Ducks.......... ..... .......... 15to .35 the season. Our friends write us the most complete in the Southern States. We grow everything: in trees and plants suited to South
Rabbits......1..1.................... .10 quality later on will be much improvedand ern horticulture. Catalogue free., Address P. J. BERCKMANS. Augusta Ga. No Agents.
Squirrels... ... ....................... 08 to .10 these crates going to satis-
Quail...................... .......... .12*" are give -
Doves...............................to ..06 faction.
Salsify per dozen bunches.......... .25 to .30 Pittsburg-Havana pines, per barrel, SOWERS, BROTHER & CO.
6.00 7.50 100 6.00 to 14.00. HOME GROWNPineapple
4 to ; per PITTSBURGH, PA.
The Fruit Trade Journal of May 16 reports --
New York Markets. -
> receipts in New York to date, 39-, Fruits and Produce

..88 14 barrels from Havana, and 903 crates Slips Receive and sell in car load Jots and smaller
Fotatoes. I from the Bahamas. quantities,all Products of the orchard.Garden,'
New York, May 18.-Receipts today 4-, III..a.atiClyde Dairy Hennery and Farm.
717 bbls. Imports 1,736 bbls. from Ber- and SuckersOf Send for oar little book."SuRe t1ona to Shipper."Market
Line. Beporte Special Reference.,Stencil.,eta.,all free.
muda. Bermuda hardly on the marketas Inquiries and
Correspondence Invited.
yet, but an effort will be made to real- PASSENGER DEPARTMENT, 1CLYDE'S the Following Varieties
: ize 6.00 for best marks. Florida in large ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE. / -

supply, and also Savannah and Charles JACKSONVILLE, FLA., May 15, 1896. '
Bradley Rtdfi M. B.
() RedJUld.
ton, with some stock here from as far Commencing Tuesday 19th, the serviceon FOR :
north as North Carolina. Demand was the St. John's River Line will be per-
good for prime stock at the lower prices formed by theSteamer ABBAKA, PORTO Rico, EGYPTIAN REDFIELD & SON,
asked but were more or less prickedand
nearly all were small in size, making Commission Merchants
outside quotation appear extreme,though appointed to sail as follows: QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-

: in instances they were exceeded. Old potatoes Schedule May 19th to May 31. NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH. AND -

largely, very dull and irregular. Leave Jacksonville Tuesdays and Fridays Fruit Auctioneers .
Bermuda, prime, 4.00 to 6.00; seconds, I 5 p. m. Apply to ,

2.00 to 3.00; Savannah and Charleston, I Leave Sanford, Thursdays and Sun- G. G. MATTHAMS, 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

.. prime, 3.00 to 4.00; Florida, prime, 3.00 days, 5 a. m.Schedule. Florida Pineapple Company
to 4.50; Southern, seconds, 2.00 to 2.50; commencing June 1st. We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetable,
culls 1.25 to 1.75. Or to either at private sale (which has heretofore been
l Leave Jacksonville, Tuesdays and Saturdays our custom)or by the auction system (recently
Vegetables. 5 p. m. MADDOCK & MATTHAMS, added to our business)as you may desire.QUIC'ORK .

,. Receipts today: Bermuda steamer 31- Leave Sanford, Mondays and Thursdays West Palm Beach Fla
524 crates of onions and 523 crates of va- 5 a. m. ,

, rious; Nassau steamer 93 crates of toma-' F. IRONMONGER, JR. -
( toes; Havana steamer 33 crates various; A. J. COLE, Fla. Pass. Agt FLORIDA I Up-to-date hand book.HortIcultural Past '
I Savannah steamer 1,500 large and 5,800 Gen'l! Pass. Agt. and present of the .
small crates; Old Dominion steamer 2- fruit industry. Experience and opinion of ,
and 400 leading growers. Latest practice and best In wiling:and paying;for Pruits and Veg- .
3,100 pkgs
700 cabbage
pkgs peas; A Trip North. methods of culture. Most recent experiencein etables shipped to us is our motto. WE
Pennsylvania Railroad 4,210 pkgs cab- orchard and market with varieties new and GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
bage, 4.740 pkgs beans, 1,355 pkgs peas, The season is! fast drawing near when old. Authoritative work by State. Horticultural FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
cucumbers 479 pkgs tomatoesand of home folks will be Society. Send $l for last "Annual to BUY OURSELVES.They are protectedby
979 pkgs some our thinkingof H. Manville
experience without default
390 pkgs various Total from U. S. taking their annual trip North. The 6ecretary, Glen YRUIY GROWINGThe [I ing our a dollar.40 years Enquire as to our standingand

24,353 packages.Beets writer knows of no better or cheaper way St. Mary, Fla. financial stability which any bank: or

Florida per crate, 50c to 1.00; to travel than by the popular Clyde Line verify-then merchants having try us mercantile-WE BELIEVE reports OUR can

Charleston, per 100 bunches 3.00 to 7.00; sailing from Jacksonville. Their shipsare vegetable business has broughtso METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
Carrots, Southern. new, per 100 bunches, the very finest, and their tables are much into the that your name for our quotations. Stencil and
2.50 Florida with the best of money country cards free. Letters promptly answered.
to 5.50. Cucumbers, fancy, always spread every-
: per crate, 2.75 to 3.00; average, 1.55 to thing to eat. A sea trip during the heated there perceptible increase in busi FRENCH a CO.
i 2.50. Cabbage, Florida, 75c to 1.25; Savannah term is the proper thing. ness in every line. Bank deposits ,

1.25 to 1.75; Ch'n, large, 1.50 to have almost doubled within the last 116 Warren St,, New York.

1.75: ; Wakefield, 1.25 to 1.50; N. C.1.00to In plowing and properly cultivatinga two months-the increase being large j
1.50 Norfolk Cauliflower ESTABLISHED 1855. 1
Florida; per basket, ,to 1.00 to 3.00. Eggplants forty-acre field of com a farmer is ly due to accounts of the growers and 1J

Florida, per bbl, 2.00 to 4.00. said to walk 750 miles. shippers.-Bartow Courier.

._ ,4r"- ,-' t-.z-= ..-.--'"- -S- .<11 ,, ...L, ;. .........._... -'"__""- ... ..C>..., ::;::" "...!; ...... ....... _..

u "f- ,-nr. ."' --"' "'T--'C.OO, ="'f" ..", --.- ;' ----""" -,... -+ ... ...-. .- ., -
: r'r
__ :r- "'" """" ---r-c- ? > _


7 -
'. "
." :. ,..: .. ., ,

F 1

WEATHER AND CROPS. light showers; corn growing well; oats I rain; tobacco plants have been set and

For the Week -Ending; May 18th. being harvested.. :McMillan. need moisture; canaigre doing well; Potatoes

Precipitation Leon, Bradfordville-No rain, except grapes not so seriously injured by had

light showers over a small sec- as first supposed.-Rice. ,
Very little rain has fallen during the tion better than would Volusia
: ; crops looking Orange City-Groves continue
I week over the Districts.Northern, Central and suppose after drought; oats being har- to do well; crops fairly well; ;i Tomatoes, Melons, Cabbage,

Southern The counties vested; grain not well filled.-J. Bradford much rain needed.-S. M. Morse. (I Turnips, Lettuce, Peas, Beets,
w bordering on the gulf were favored Colmmbia, Lake City-No rain;
: with very favorable conditions; the Marianna in vegetables and truck Onions, and all Vegetables, re-
Jackson, Very dry ; suffering; oats I I
tier of counties forming ,the eastern north portion; plenty rain south por- '' b i ig harvested; corn and cotton well move large quantities of Potash
borders of the Western District is
: tion; oats half crop; corn small, but advanced and farmers generally well from the soil. SupplyPotash
still for of
suffering want moisture. will come out when it rains; late up with work.-W. B. Knight.
3 On the 14th and i5th local showersfell f
planted cotton not up; very little rust. Lake, Clermont-Still suffering from
over a few of the central counties; -W. J. Watson. the long drought of nine weeks; all 'j

the section covered was very limited. vegetation needs rain, tomatoes stood 1
JeffersonVaukeenah- Droughtbad
w There where rain has
are places no
. rain in six weeks shower dry weather well, cut down to half
no light
fallen for above two months, resulting ; ; in liberal quantities by the use !
": first of month; oat crop failure; much crop; orange trees suffering badly, also
in serious loss farmers.
to cotton and corn not come up; gardens corn.-Dr. J. B. Rosenberg.Lake of fertilizers containing not
1 There was at least 85 per cent of dried Roach.up for want of rain.-J. B. trace of, Eustis-Hot rain here, although and dry; good only less than 10% actual Pot-

i sunshine. The days were warm, and Washington, Chipley-No rain for showers in nearby sections, estimatedhalf ash. Better and more profitable
owing to the fact that the humiditywas
. nearly three weeks; must have rain inch.-H. W. 0. Margary. yields are sure to follow. .
not high, the moisture in the
soon to save our crops; corn in places Hillsborough, Limona-Corn suf. Our pamphlets are not advertising; circulars boom..
ground was rapidly evaporated. With ing special fertilizers,but are practical works,containing
1.. the rainfall the turning yellow;oats almost a failure.G. .- fering badly; melons seem to be hold- l latest researches on the subject of fertilization,and
necessary temperature A. are really helpful to farmers. They are sent free for
Danley. ing out well trees look-
pretty ; orange
would bave been beneficial to all veg- the asking. !,
etation. Northern District: ing well yet-E. E. Pratt. GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St.,New York. ,
t CONDITION OF CROPS. Liberty, Bristol-Hot and dry; rain Leon, Chairs No rain; crops in -I

The sections receiving rain duringthe needed in many places; cotton chop- very good condition; rain much
previous week show but little need I ping and oat cutfng full headway; bad needed.-J.Madison H. Patterson. Why your
of immediate moisture stand rice Ellaville-Hot and dry;
although the cotton, corn and caused by
surface soil is very dry. Taking the drought-J. D. McAliley. crops suffering; corn does not come wn Middleaman1 :
of the ,
State as a whole, the week has not Suwannee, McAlpin-Hot and dry; out twist at night and cottonon Pay but one profit between maker and
thirsty almost dead wells
been a favorable one, save over the some corn and cotton dying; crops user and that a small just one.
failing; if no rain in a short time in Our Big 700 Page Catalogue and Bayen
territory contiguous to the gulf. The small, but have done well to live; east
Guide that it's possible. Weighs
parts of the county, are proves
conditions over Escambia county were winds damaged crops during week.- crops gone ; 2tf pounds,13,000 Illustrations, describes
perfect, but seven-eighths of the Western W. B. Black. gardens J. H. Lammons. and tells the one-profit price!over 40,000
Hillsborough, Sutherland Warm articles,everything you use. We send It
District, like the greater portionof Putnam, Huntington-Corn. curl- and dry vegetables need rain for 15 cents;that's not for the book, but
t the Northern, Central and Southern ing somewhat, but doing well; cotton ; ; to pay part of the postage or expressage,
; Districts, needs copious rainfall. The burning off a great deal as it comes some "cukes" and tomatoes being and keep off Idlers. You can't get It too
! shipped.Hartley.Polk quick.
drought in the western section has up; not a drop of rain for the week.B. Bartow-Conditions favorablefor MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.,
been very severe in Washington, Jef-- N. Brandt.
few late The Store, of All the People
ferson, Leon, Jackson and Liberty Suwannee, Emerson-Hot and dry corn; a crops looking well; !11-116 Michigan: Ave., Chicago.
cabbage good mostly marketed.J. .
counties. As result the oat crop ;
a ,
week where
.r crop ; ground not well workedcorn S. Wade.
ranges from half a crop to an entire and cotton dying; pears nearly a
': failure. In many cases'in the above I failure; peaches dropping.-W. J. Hernando, Brooksville-Rain con-

counties corn and cotton have not Clarke. fined to small area; crops generally in

, come up-not sufficient moisture to Baker, McClenny-Another weekof good condition; rain much needed in

; germinate. Crops are generally back- drouth; corn beginning to suffer; some sections; oat crop almost har .. ..,... -.; ,. .. .
ward, due to the lack of moisture. vested and turns out better than expected -
cotton doing well where culti-
J Some correspondents state that both vated properly very, though in some placesno ; cattle improving, but much BETTER THAN 16 TO I I.
cotton and Bad annoyed by flies. We are constructing 14 miles of fence for a Michigan
; corn are dying.
cotton come up, and many railway. As an inducement to sell right of way
st finds of both come from Liberty seed of other crops in the ground Southern District: farmers were given choice of fences.11 but two
; I
preferred the Page. An elastic fence supported by
county. In the same county cottonis tobacco crop will be complete failure, Dade, Stuart-Pineapples looking t I such solid facts invincible.

being chopped and the oat crop there being no rain to set out plants; splendidly; first instalment ready to PAGE: WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrianif Ich.

housed. Where crops have been well potato crop will be very backward.H. .- ship in two weeks.-B. Kitching.

, :, worked-ploughed deep during the L. Reed.Bradford Manatee, Manatee-Rain last week

:. drought-they look fairly well. The Lake Butler Rain : did much good, but need more; some loridaOranges

pear crop in Suwannee county will be needed again; very light sprinkle people putting up sermotors to provide 'Lands i

very unsatisfactory; peaches are drop- since the 6th; crops doing as well as house and gardens with water; :,
ping. In Baker county the tobacco could be expected.. A. King. tomatoes and beans growing, but will

crop is said to be nearly a failure. Alachua, Archer-Corn, cotton be short, owing to dry weather.-C.

Vegetables of all kinds have been seriously melons and vegetables growing; good V. S. Wilson jResorts 1 b

reduced. Corn is beginningto shower on the ith; grass and weeds Dade, Lemon City-Weather warm ;

curl-effects of heat Vegetables keeping farmers busy.-W. C. Andrus.St. pineapples are maturing nicely; mel- [nvestments .

: seriously damaged in all districts. In Johns, Switzerland-No rain; ons growing well, also guavas.-E. L.

; portions of Lake county there has been ground seems about as dry as before, White. ;Developments ,-

._ no rain for six ((6)) weeks; every crop though crops not quite as badly] off; Dade, Jupiter Good growing

product shows the need of it. At the oat crop almost total failure; _some weather; pineapples filling out well; I Attractions
close of the week the condition in the trees. W. C. Steele. .
. budding orange prospects for good size; few "pines" Address, -: --
State is as follows: The drought has Nassau, Amelia-No rain; Irish ripe to the south of us.-J. W. Cronk. G. D. ACKERLY,

; seriously damaged the vegetable crop; potatoes suffering, also gardens on ... td CCMCMAL FASStKCCR AGENT,
;. corn and cotton, late planted, not yet highlands; corn and melons look wellso I have seen and had counted out to
up; no great quantity of sweet potatoes far;, peaches dropping.-C. H. me seventy-three varieties of pineapples 1

! : planted; oat crop very unsatisfac- Jacques. in one nursery, but the Horticul-- JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA. -,

-. tory, with melons and- every other staple Hillsborough, Plant City-All crops tural society endorses only nineteen.

... product in great need of rain. The i il. doing well,but will need rain in a few And I will add that the most exten- Early vegetables are being shippedfrom

l.', damage to the State already has been days.-J. N. Edmondson. sive pineapple grower in the State told here by freight and express every

severe, and the continued dry weather Orange, Buda-No rain since last me a year ago that the highest com- day. Although the land here has all

; will soon complete the work of ruin in report; more needed; orange trees do- mercial value was confined to three been cleared since the middle of last

many sections. ing well, but all need rain; buds in kinds-the statement of a man who October, 1,300 crates of beans, peas \

CORRESPONDENTS' REMARKS. orange trees have taken well.Proctor. has been very successful in the busi- and tomatoes have been shipped, be. _

(District.County,Station Correspondent.) ness, having' increased from a garden I sides many barrels of cabbage, cauliflower .

Western .DisrkEscambia /: Orange, Orlando-Conditions unchanged patch to a plantation of twelve or four- ; Irish potatoes and cucumbers.j

Molina-Fine week, except all beginning to need teen acres.-Cor. Rochester Herald. I I 1-Linton item in Oitizen.r '

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J 1896. IBB JtOftttA FA&itfifi! AflD PfctrtMffiOWEft. .. .. .. 333 j

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.. j
x Conducting the Business Formerly Known As t
.. .
"'\2li1son.2larde <& Co., '


Commercial and General Stationery.
mm flEW BOO S FO SALE Office and Typewriter Supplies. ALL STA'DA D MO11KS

115 THEY APPEAR Printing and Blank Books. Oft SAIlH
Books, Periodicals and News.
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.. Prices Reasonable. Write u.s. a

CHAS. W. DaCOSTA Manager
.. 4'"I: '.".: .- .,'.. ,

. i, Jacksonville i Florida :

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>.< MAY 23,
': ',. The Plant System Again. duct that has to be transported to A carload of strawberries from the NASSAU ORANGE AND PINEAP- -

market. He is charged all his business i Indian Territory was received in Buf-- sible. pie land for sale. Frost Impos-
Labor cheap. Fifty acres deep red soil in
It is a fact that potatoes grown in or production will stand and the falo. They were in transit five days, large or small lots. On high road four miles

<. Florida and shipped out are rated sixth result is that traffic is lessened and the and the transportation charges were from three town.years. $25 H.B.per Post acre.Office?io box cash,No.balance 54. Nas-in

:. class. It is, also a fact that potatoes railroad is now nearly in the condition IU cents per quart against 5 1-5 cents sou. Apply early. 5-2-3

I grown outside of the State and shipped 0; the landlord with one guest in the per quart from North Carolina to Buffalo UDWOOD-JAFFA, HOMOSASSA, CBN-
into it are rated at two-thirds of sixth house who must pay enough to meet and 8 cents from Florida. Old Vini tennial!, Magnum,Hart's Tardiff Bonum,,Mediterranean Maltese Blood,Sweet Washington ,

class. Any person can verify this the entire expenses of the house. Navel,Majorca., Nonpareil, Maltese Oval,
Ribbed DuRois. Orange Lake and Eureka, Genoa
statement who ships potatoes both A competing line into Florida was Lamb, and Sicily Lemons, at $S.oo per 1,000,
unless he is whichis uOENT- -JYOBD" COLUMN. or 75c per 100. DuRoi Blood, Amory's Blood,
ways overcharged, boycotted. No coupon tickets Northor Pierce's Ruby. Parson Brown, Dancy Tangerine,
often the We had I Mandarin and Royal, Improved, and
case. an experi- South could be sold over the competing i Seedling
r RATES- words and address omelos.. and Mammoth Shaddock, are|i.oo
Twenty name per
of this kind this winter witha
ence past > line either way without incurring oo straight. W. K. Trimble, Brat entown,
week, cents three weeks
one 25 ; 50 cents Nothing
carload of and Manatee County, Fla. 5-)-tf
potatoes the displeasure of the Plant System taken for less than 25 cents.

know what we are talking about, This is a matter of history in Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- NURSERY TREES-I WILL HAVE 20,000

which, evidently the Citizen does not, the early life of the Georgia Southernand paid. for delivery this fall of and the most winter.popular Send varieties in your

if we are to judge by some of the Florida road. Send no stamps larger than two cents. orders now, and be sure to get what you want.
editorial Initials and figures count as one word. Pric s and particulars on application. W. K.
"breaks" made by that organ. The Georgia railroad commissiondid Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County Fla.

. When Mr. Plant charges the Geor not wreck the railroads of Geor- 5-q-tf

gia State authorities with passing laws gia. The truth is that the Georgia GRANADILLA, ADAPTED TO SOUTH EGGS of FOR the season HATCHIXG, from best strains-tOti, Barred'THE

that bankrupt the railway companies railroads (such lines as there was Strong plants two for 25 cents vine; doz.and good fi.oo fruit.post- Plymouth. Rock, only 60 cents per sitting Mrs.C. I
Lady Lake, FIE
'. and impoverish their stockholders, occasion for their being built) except paid. Reasoner Bros., Oneco, Fla. 5-23-3 Gomperts 5-9-3FOR

the people who are impoverished by during the depression of the past two WOOD CARNEY PARSONBrown SALE.miles from FORTY railroad ACRE, splendid:FARM Straw., I

excessive freight rates very pertinently years which has affected all the rail Carney Lemon. Walter's Pomelo, berry land, Carp pond, etc. Beautiful new
ask where did Mr. Plant his mill- Monarch Pomelo.Marsh Seedless Pomelo,Homo- dwelling, 2 stories and attic,6 rooms,good stable.
; get roads of the country, had the greatest sasses Mediterranean Sweet, Sanford Mediterranean Cheap. Owner leaves State. Address,E. Jaeger, 1
ions to extend his lines to a distance prosperity of their existence under warranted true to name and budded from St. Joseph, Pasco county Florida.
Florida tees also
razor-steel budding knives
nearly one-fourth around the world the operations of the commission, in cents each, two for 50 cents, prepaid by mail.30 Nunan, Bessie, Cherokee, Colum-
: '. and build million dollar palace hotels. Write for references and prices. J. M. Chaffer bia Alabama, Michel's Early. Stevens
some instances the value of their
Candler Fla. 5-23-2 Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000, J+.OP.
Mr. Plant's operations, so far as we stock doubling during that period. JULIUS Ala. SCHXADELBACH,Lock Box 4,Grand Bay, \

'. are aware, are principally confined to The RURALIST is not abusing, nor THIRTY THOUSAND TREES FOR
the traffic. In he Seedling and budded grape fruit' LOUISIANA GRASS (PASPALUM PLA-
railway forty years has it ever abused railroads, and furthermore Valencia and Hart's Late Eureka Lemons, ) grass for lawns and permanent
]-- has grown to be a very rich man. He it has not abused their owners Dancy Tangerine and Pineapple buds All i pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000, by express; fifty
is buds on grape fruit stoCk four and one half' cents per hundred postage paid. W.II. POWERS,
to be commended for his enterprise or managers: even when paying out years old. Write us before buying. Bowyer Lawtey Fla.
in opening Florida to settlement.For Si Stephens, Lakeland, Fla.
up of dollars every year in excessive B. .-GRAPEFRUIT and PAR-

many years he held the key to freight charges. SPANISH PINEAPPLE SLIPS- 75c. per hundred; 85 per
RED thousand. Also trees. H. HARRISON
the entrance of travel and traffic to Sale-Four hundred thousand ready young orange
Dade City, Fla.
The interested in the Ru- 4-4-3
persons for and
July August planting. Book
the State and he has exacted the your
KALIST have thousands of dollars orders now. Caxambas Canning Co., Marco,
maximum without spent Lee Co. Fla. 5-23-5 U D W O O D. --EIGIITY THOUSANDHart's
price co-operation their best years and the hardest workof Tardiff, Ruby St. Michael, King
with other roads and when the ticket Tangerine and Pomelo. J. W. & F. D. WAITE,
their lives in building up a busi- BUDWOOD HOMOSASSA. OLD VINI Magnolia Grove and Nurseries, Belleview, Fla.
agents of Northern roads had workedup Bonum. None Better, 50c 100, $4
ness and a town and promoting Florida 1,000.< Budding done by contract, only $w per 328tfFOR
a great interest in Florida travel, I interests and we do not wish to day 15 years experience. Robert G. Bid- SALE-IMPERIAL DWARF

.. he, with others, ignored the agenciesand well. Orlando, Fla. 5-23-2 Suckers, 85 per 100,840 per 1000,
throw up the sponge and sacrifice all f. o. b.. cash with order. H. H. WILKINSON,
refused to pay one cent's commission these years of labor as thousands have Rockledge, Fla. 3-si 3m.TRAWBERRF .
for the work of the
agents. done and thousands of others are contemplating S PLANTS.--NOW IS
The ticket agents of the North said the time to set for good runners. I have 100-
doing, for want of encour- 000 Alabama Newmans and 5000 Clouds
if you will not "tote fair" we will see. ment in getting people to the State cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS, Lawtey,
The great boom that Florida had at CARNEY PARSON BROWN Florida. 3-7-4BUDWOOD
that time California and giving inducements for them to GENUINE We can now fill orders for
( to
! (1884-85)) was given the FOR SALE--Drake Point
remain.The genuine Parson Brown budwood (the Car-
E t and millions of capital went to ney tree). We owned for several years the famous is the time to order and be
ready for the first flow of sap. Get it from budded
;:, California that might have been savedto permanent prosperity of the with budwood Parson Brown from this tree old and tree.budded Our our budwood groves bearing trees fifteen to eighteen years old.
State is not in big palace hotels in thi spring is We The following varIeties on hand: Parson Brown,
Florida. H. B. Plant was in an indirect nor very good. guarantee every Harris, Cunn1D ham. Phares, San ford's Mediterranean
bud we send out to be the
f way the best friend that the the tourist who comes to-day and goes Brown. Address Carney genuine Co. Lake Carney Weir Parson, Fla. also ,Jaffa, Riverside Navel Drake Star. We .
have a limited of large Grapefruit
r California boom ever had. to-morrow, even if he is charged $5 5164BUnWOODHart's buds. Prices of above varfetlest $5 per thousandor

to $20 per day for it. The perma- 75 cents per hundred, delivered. Address
Said a Northern ticket agent nearlya DRAKE POINT GROVE, Yalaha, Lake County.
"f dozen years ago "the sale of Florida nent prospenty comes only with per- Florida a-15-sm

tickets profits us nothing. California manent settlers; those are the ones FOR SALE for cashtime or tiade,orange groves,
who make the freight business whichis and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Kenya,
! tickets bring us a good commission. Pla. 3-n-i6t
usually twice or three times the Tardiff, Dancy Tan-
! Furthermore the Northern roads are Sweet, Malta Blood and 110It:; SALE, 100,000 CHOICE TOMATO
t' tired of getting up excursions at a value of the passenger traffic, whenonce Leonardy Pomelo, from nine year old trees. ii Plants,Livingston's Beauty mostly at $I.oo
established. No white fly or red scale in this locality. Cy f. b. Plants
the perthousand, o. six to twelve inches
They are ones
r cent a mile and have the Plant System rus W. Butler, St. Petersburg, Fla. 5-16-3. high. Cash with order. THE ELOISE FRUIT

exact five cents a mile at the Florida who pay the taxes, and support the AND VEGETABLE Coo, Winter Haven Fla. tf .

k f t end of every ticket they sell. It is i schools and churches, and make the S ftlOOTH Suckers from CAYENNE large fruiting PINEAPPLE plants now EXTRA CLEANED BEGGAR-WEED

country to bud and blossom and in growing at our Modelo Park pinery. Ready for : .-Sow from six to ten pounds per acre.
work for Florida
t no object us to its actively in July by the 100,1,000 or 10,000. Also Forty cents per pound,postpaid; ten pounds or
tf f travel." crease wealth. fine Abbaka and Golden Queen suckers. Write for over, f. o. b., twenty-five cents per pound. Write
prices. Orlando Grape and Fruit Company. C. for prices on large quantities to EXCELSIOR SEED I
As the Citizen
l The question of freights out oi says, Mr. Plant i is S. Van Houlten,Treas., Orlando,Fla. 52BUDS FARM Edgar Putnam County, Fla. z-8-tf .

Florida and the abundantly able to take care of him SALE Two Leon
rates from local and FROM! EIGHTY-SIX SORTS FOB county farms 480 acres
self. He has shown that ability i in True to Ready after middleof 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
has been
basing points gone over tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,
Send for list and
the past and there need be no fears May. prices. Reasoner Fla.
again. They are matters of f Bros., Oneco, Fla. 526FOX 8-24-tf <

record. The Plant System schedules that any State Legislature will impoverish PITRUS NURSERY TREES AND DUDWOODSatsuma
him. We are not particularly FIRST U Parson Brown. Stark' Seedless
would settle the of differences strain of blood ,
question Iron Imported
Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit,
concerned about him. We Stock, suitable for deer
are not hunting. Price. (5 each.
from of excessive Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
to or or ratesf
envious of his success, and wish him Apply H.J. Tiffin, Courtenay, Brevard county,, such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St. Michael,
f within the State did dare Fla.
they publish 5-2-3 Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L.
i f them for public inspection which we to succeed but the success of thosewho Duncan,Manager Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries -
E Dunedin, Fla. 8.i7-tf
have settled his 4
along i is .
\ challenge them to do. tt 4 Send for Annual Descriptive -
I inseparable from the success of his s, 4' CATALOGUE, ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
The freight fates in some instancesare j q newly issued and revised We pay freight. Write for our lotto ,
railways. We think that if a fraction $ It contains everything price-list. E. W Amsden,Ormond,Fla. 7-i-tft ;
25 to 33 per cent higher than they : of the expended in his palace t t e needed by the Horticulturist ,
when money 1' and plant-lover, GROVE. 100 acres 10 years set
{ were things were on IRRIGATED
years ago
'- .. hotels was expended in planning and PLANTS andTREES fo t ; in other fruit trees, eke
r :: *** a boom, while the average price of fostering homes his lines the Orchard, Window, Lawn For sale at a sacrifice. Address"1+," Palms, 'J
,1 '.1 most things has been reduced along ,, or Greenhouse. Largest Lane Park.Lake County, Fla. 4 27-901 I
;',II :. one : settlers success would be assured and collection to select from f
> half during that time.A in the South. pro MAKE HENS LAY-There Is nothing like
Mr. Plant's future success would havea HEASOIEB BROTHERS. ONECO, FLA .1 Bowtter's Animal Ideal 40 tons sold in Florida ,
,: business man or trucker on one of secure foundation;Southern Ru- last year. Hundreds of testimonials.' For
particulars write E. W.Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
'j Mr. Plant's lines, without a competingcompany ralist. 1 -13-tf

ii 1 is handicapped that he !
.so LIGHT Brahma, Barred Plymouth Rock and ,
has little encouragement to attempt to Hogs and cattle are being shipped al! Turkey Eggs for hatching, $i.oo per

do business or to cultivate any pro from Lee county to Havana. setting. Mrs. C.Gomperts,Lady' Lake, Fla.I,8 H

ae e,

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., 1896. m ItOSlfcA PAfiMfifi AtfD nt1tMnoWR. .335



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F, %I1 ,

G. M. SORREL, Manager. fr'&J
iris i ir
EoT The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as '
It follows :


t Pier 35, North Klver--3 P. 31. %
j City of Birmingham..SaturdayMay 2. i 4'.
i. Nacoochee ...._...._. .........?.*-..................Tuesday. May 5. lI 1M 'oJ1))
F Kansas City..Thursday,May 7.
1 City of Augusta ... Saturday, May 9. Q'c't (0810 11i ,
City of Birmingham..Tuesday,May 12. 1 sod n
J Nacoochee .._ Thursday, May 14. ,
Kansas Saturday May 16. I f or y111o j
City of Augusta ...... Tuesday, May 19. ,
.I. City of Birmingham................ Thursday,May 21.
Nacoochee Saturday,May 23. -
::. Kansas City...................... Tuesday, May 26.
City of Augusta .. Thursday May 28.
:; City of Birmingham MaY30.
G.M.SORRBI.L Manager New Pier No.35, North River. SAFETY! COFOIIT TIME!


Wharf--3 P. M. Cuisine and Service. Xo Transfers Between Jacksonville' and New York. l
Chattahoochee(Direct to Savannah)........Thursday, May 7.
Gate City (calling at Philadelphia).. Thursday May 14. The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers: i
Chattahoochee (calling Philadelphia) May 21. .
Gate City(Direct to Savannah) ........Thursday, May 28. "Comanelie" aia "Cherokee "Seminole1* i
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents,Lewis's Wharf. (new.), "AIgoll "Irojuois, J

, Pier 39, Delaware Avenue.
STEAMER: Steamers are appointed to sail according to'the tide.
(: Gate City (passenger and freight) .......................Saturday, May 2,6 p.m; :
.. ...... ......
City of Macon (freight only)....Saturday May 9, 3 p. m. From JACKSONVILLE FLA., (calling at Charleston), Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays
Gate and freight)... Saturday, May 16,6 p.m. Erom CHARLESTON S. C.,.................. ..... ..................Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.
City of Macon (freight only) ..to'..... ....Wednesday, May 20, 3 p.m. For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily paper' ;
Chattahoochee( and freight 6
passenger ) Saturday May 23 p.m.
City of Macon(freight only).Saturday, May 30 3 p. m SOUTH BOUND:
M. C. HAMMOND.Agent, 13 South Third Street.
Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, Hast River,New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. For CHARLESTON S. C., ...........................................Mondays,Wednesdays and Fr.dys ;
t Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. For JACKSONVILLE FLA., (calling at Charleston)..................Mondays. Wednesdays and_Fr d ysCliYOE'S
'r. Nacoochee.: .. .. Thursday,April 307.00 p. City of Birmingham..Sat'day, May 16, 7.00 p.m.
t" Kansas City........ Saturday, May 2, 8.00 p. m'l I Nacoochee.Tuesday, May 19 8.co p. m.
f City of Augusta..Tuesday, May 5,1230= p. Kansas City .... Thursday May 2 1,9.00 p. m.
.f City Birmingham.. Thursday May 7, 8 p. City of Augusta .. Saturday May 23, 2.30 p. m.
Nacoochee ..........Saturday, May 9, 3.30 p. City of Birmingham..Tuesday May 26,4 co p m. ST. JOHfiS RIVER IiINE
Kansas City......... Tuesday May 12,5.00 p. m'l Nacoochee: .........Thursday, May 28,6.30 p. m. ,
c City of Augusta ....Thursday May 14,6.00 p. Kansas City .........Saturday,May 30 7.00 p. m. DE BARY LINE.

SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.Central Jacksonville Palatka Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
((00 Meridian) Time-as below. Landings on the St. Johns River.The .

F Gate City..............Thursday,May 7, 2 p. I Gate City.......... Thursday May 21,12.00 noon Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer .
f Chattah ochee.......Thursday May 14,o.oo a. m'l|I Chattahoochee,*....Thursday,May 28, 7.00 a.m.

' S SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.Central Oltv of Jacksonville,"

((90 Meridian) Time-as below. la appointed to sail from Jacksonville, Sundays!, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3.30 p. m.,and
l t;' City of Macon..Wednesday, May 6, i.oop m'l I I City of llacon..Wednesday, May 27 6.00 a. m from Sanford on Mondays Wednesdays and Saturdays at 12.50 p. m.
City of Macon ..Sunday, May 17 7 oo a. |
. Jacksonville Florida. Read Down. Read Up.
t l't; C.G.ANDERSON,AGENT J. P. BECKWITH. G. F. &P. AGENT Leave m. ........................Jacksonville ............ .. ... ...... Arrive 3.30 a. m. '
, Savannah Ga. Pier 35 North River, New York. 330 8.45 p. m. ...................... .... Palatka.................... ...... Leave 9.ooP.m. (
, u a.P m. ......................... ... .Astor.... ........................ II ".00 Po m
I 3.00. a m. .................. ...... St. Francis......................... 2.30p.m.
;J. W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. SOURS.F ..........30.. ........ ..................::....... Beresford ........................... .U. 1.30 p.m.
......... ......... ......
F Arrive 8.30 a. m.. .............. ...... .... Sanford. -. 9.00 a.m.
II a. m. .................... .... Enterprise................... ...... II 9.30a. m,
I : A. ...... ...9.25.. ....... ......................So. Fla.R. R. Wharf.................. II 11.00 a. m.
General Passenger and TicketOfRce, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville,

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers A.J. COLE Passenger Agent, S Bowling Green New York.
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow Ing Green,New York.
TUKO. G. EGEll, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 304 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fit
a>m wa'r BAY r., J'ACKSONVILLE, F'LA. JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla. .

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

18 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York. j
(; Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Lk k Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE


i YprMUlen Fertilizer Co. j NITRATE SODA, -

Star Brand Fertilizers, Pr MURIATE OF POTASH, ....Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for mj price-list of Field and Garden Seed

I 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats.75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne 25 cents per
k GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. VVk, SULPHATE POTASH, pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.

I; l\ .r Orange Tree and Vegetable r KAINIT, Etc. P. F. WilSON, SEEDS MAN, '

A p
v have no superior la the market and *trial will convince.
These Fertflfcen GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA. !
"i4fotCaUl 1cpe free. v *:.. I Ir .. .... '- j


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r GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the ; .;
requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in j .
: r ; strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot. '- :: .
The cheapest brand for the quality in the n ,j .
t market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural
Chemicals, Sulphur,etc.

.", .


,, 4", old reliable EUREKA has never been .,!+' !' IA;17,,1 I"y
;w; ? superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the '
'"; fungus growth. .
Pure Animal e 1'THE COCCIDICIDE-&Z h a,, F ,
FVI certain destruction to the AleyrodesCitri(White Flyand) other ,
Hatter LI 11L I families of Scale,at allneriodsof their development. Fatal to the r
Spider> ana other inseEtsaffeting Pineapples and Vegetables. R
\\I ;; ;

Rubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at h, ', '(!' _
Manufacturers' Prices. coat .
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YEltS SPRAY PU.i'!'!


" : _- = E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla. .

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Stacking Green Fodder ,at a Cost of it naturally packs closely; all air is it is not necessary to pay $i a pound, From talking with dozens of orange
Ten Cents a Ton. shut out. This is the secret of suc- or $i for a hundred plants. growers from all over the State at the .
cess. If shocked, the cane cures Horticultural believe
Sacaline is an unprofitable for Society meeting we ; -
..: John Howard, in Texas Farm and green and makes excellent feed, butI the Southern farmer. that the budding of tangerines ,
l T Ranch, thus describes the shucking orstacking doubt if in this way you retain as and grape fruit will be largely. .over. '
r. of sorghum at 10 cents a ton. much of the strength and saccharine Dry composted muck has a manu- done.-San Mateo Item. 3 M J :
:'_ It would be well to give Kaffir corn, matter as when stacked. Either is rial value of from one to six dollars a : 1 4

the millets,cowpeas and.beggar weed, good and much better than curingon ton. Its mechanical effect upon sandy Total. shipments from Woodleylmsjr: | <
which make equally good silage, a trial the ground, as we do hay. In this soils is incalculable.The spring : *&;- /r'W"- |* :"7* :
a during the rainy season, after this the best of the feed is burnt '
way up more muck the more stable manure 7,015 crates snap beans,.$2.25. $17J,1S3.7l
method of putting up fodder, if wet- and goes up in the air instead of being the more cow pea and beggar 188 crates tomatoes, 2.45.A441.0Q:
ting makes no difference, in its keep- preserved for the stock.- Wichita weed vines and roots in the soil the 7 barrels egg.plants} 4.25. '25.75
ing. If successful the question of Falls, Texas. greater results from chemical fertilizers. 15 barrels Irish potatoes, 3.50. ..:45.00. ; ,
good and heap; fodder on the Southern I .
farm is solved I A good cow and flock of chickenswill Total . . $17,048.50 .
: The Angora goat is said to be the half feed the family, and butter Deduct. from total, fertilizer 350.@
'If'shocked up, a ton or so to the I m&t profitable stock,in Texas today. and in demand the labor 1100.00 J.
. shock; if stacked not less than 20 tons s I#t eggs are always at crates. 875,00; i
, '- to the stack. .Stack or shock direct Jpp't; keep more hogs or chickens village store. ...
it. ..: from the mower or reaper, green. than can be properly fed and cared Lean meat-the scrub cow that must Total . . $ 2,235ah()( i

'. f Harvest any time after the seed of the for. lean against a tree for support. We have the total of $15,414.50 to '
f, cane is in milk. If rain should come Some parties are advertising the "Cottonseed meal contains more fertilizing show for five months' work. As near ;

! during stacking it don't affect or hurt vineless yam under the designation of material than linseed.A as I could estimate this crop was Mae(

. j .'it in the least If stacked, sprinkle Gold Coin and other names, as some- supply of green peas.will. keep on 130 acres.of land, and grow umber<
'';. ; the outside edge of the stack for a thing new and extraordinary.. Thereis peace.in the family. .. the worst conditions we havjefever t,
1 ". 'foot or two with salt water. The practically! but one vineless yam, Give breeding cows a generous diet. known ft here fer'the past tweJv*-..*K-A; *S*,s.

\.. ,Jt_1;..q,.;,.. .':: sorghum. or Kaffir corn being green, and it is generally Introduced that, Bran'and. shorts area good ration._ = bourne Times., _
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