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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00079
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 16, 1896
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00079
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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':, FLORIDA FARMER 0 \ i


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i' o AND FRUITTGRQWTER; I -- .


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!$2 PER YEAR WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH." $2 PER YEAR.

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8. Powers,Editor JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MAY 16, 1896. o o.1423 qo1, vIIIExo 2S0
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RESPONSIBLE, ESi i '.SHED 1868.

RELIABLE,
PROMPT. 28 YEA % VXPERIENCE.ERGHANTS.


, BATTERSON & CO. Scott 167-169 Street, UFFALO. COMMISSION ,


REAL ESTATE SECURITY AND BEST BUSINESS METHODS ENABLE US TO DO ALL POSSIBLE FOR CONSIGNORS. PROMPT ACCOUNT SALES
THIS INSURES YOU AGAINST LOSS AND GUARANTEES HONEST AND PROMPT RETURNS. NO MARKET STEADILY EXCELS BUFFALO. USE

ANY TELEGRAPH CODE.REFERENCESTHIRD.
.; NATIONAL BANK. BUFFALO, R. G. DUN & CD., FIRST NATIONAL BANK,ST.AUGUSTINE, FLA. BANKS AND SHIP-
PERS EVERYWHERE. AGENTS INDIAN RIVER ORANGE GROWERS ASSOCIATION. .
AGENTS FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS ASSOCIATION AND INDIAN RIVER AND LAKE WORTH PINEAPPLE GROWERS AS.

SOCIATION. _



Lk FRUIT TREES FOR FLORIDAHo- HIIKNIION TREE PL1TERS '

AND LOWER SOUTH.SATSUMA ,

Before buying your Nursery Stock,investigate and know what you ale getting. Know that. -
Fl on TRIFOLIATA, you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer.


7 A Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. THE POMONA NURSERIESare
}
Over 300 Varieties of the most Extensive in the State and otter all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums, Pears.
J .;. Japan Persimmons, Grapes,Figs,Mulberries,Apricots,Almonds,Satsuma and other Oranges and
Fruits and Ornamentals. Lemons on both
i'
Peaches,Pears, Plums, Persimmons, Nuts, Grapes, Roses, etc. ORANGE and TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.

.
L 1 Over 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs etc

for An Horticultural Hand-Book free on application.
NO AGENTS. Catalogue 1896. Up-to-date
NO BETTER STOCK. NO CHEAPER. NONE SO LARGE.
Correspondence solicited.GLEN .
It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
ST. MARY NURSERIES. Write for Catalogue and any infol mation wanted, .
W. D. GRIFFINO, PROP.,
G. L. TABER, GLEN ST. MARY, FLA. Macclenny, Fla.


HASTINGS' Peas! Peas!! Peas ?


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Clays, Unknown, Reds and Whippoorwills}) 90('. i>er bushel. Lady Fingers- and
: CLEANED BEGGARWEED.Order Black. Eyes at $.(>0 per bushel. Pearl Millet, 12K? per pound. Beggar
"eed lOc. per) pound.

II ambn.'s Death ID IIICB INTE NATIONAL Clean:ale.a pad aRe.
your supply now and make sure of it. PRICES: One pound by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds, STOCK FOOD keeps
$1.50. By express or freight not prepaid,25 cents per pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds; stock healthy a d saves feed,5 c.per box.
in zoo pound lots and above 20 cents per pound.
Seed free from stems,leaves and trash. By mail,postpaid L. CAMERON, Seedsman,
R 0 U G H B E G G A RW E E D ,25 cents per pound; 4 pounds,95 cents. By express -
I. or freight,not prepaid,in any quantity,15 cents Jaol sonvIl1e, FlorIda.
i per pound.

H. G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN,

JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
,
.. I INTERLACHEN, FLA.
"
43-Send for our Illustrated Catalogue.
I Grocers Commission Merchants

JOHN L. MARVIN JUDGE R. B.. ARCHIBALD,
President. Vice President.
DKALKRS IN
H. T. BAYA. THOS. W.
Asslstani! Cashier.
Cashier. CAPITAL $100,000. Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,


4. THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK f Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. .

JaotrsOI1'Ville> TMoiricla.
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, ,

Respectfully solicits your Deposits,Collections and General
Banking Business. PRICE-LIST WHISKIES:

MANONGAHELARYE.....................$t 00 CABINET BOURBON... ........... |6 oo
which their bal- ORANGE VALLEY................. ...... 200SPRINGVALLBY J.MARTIN RyE.................. ,..?......?. i oo
Depositors offered every facility: ......... ................. 250 VIRGINIA GLADES.............?......,,,... 4 00
and warrant. BALTIMORE CORN' ........................ 200 OLD BOURBON.................... .....500 ,
ances, business responsibility NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............. 250 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH................. 60"
.- CLIFTON CLUB............. ............. 300 OLD BAKER........ ......................500 5
SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES TO RENT FROM $5.00 MONTROSE VELVET RYE..........._... 6 oo

PER YEAR, UP. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, ?5c. Remit by pos.office.
money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O.D. Remit with order. V
DIRECTOR A complete price-list of Groceries,and Wine List,sent free on application.
John L. Marvin, Church.Anderson, Chas. Marvin,
H. T. Baya, W. M. Davidson, Judge. R. B.Archibald, JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
,
Dr. H. Robinson.'
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.eVe.

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306 THE FLORIDA PABMEK AND F'BUtT--GkOwn. MAY 16,
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: THE MAPES FORMULA PERUVIAN GUANO CO. ,




-M NVF CTVReRS OF-





HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS. ONLY.





Orange Tree, Fruit and Vine, Vegetable, Pineapple, Tobacco,, &c.Ve I



wish to emphasize the fact that we make high-grade goods only. The We have steadily refrained from making any such goods, although the Jo-

State is being flooded just now with new brands of low-grade fertilizers, manufactured -I centageoi profit would be very much larger than it is on our high-grade fer

for the emergency, hard times, arising from the freeze of last winter. tilizers. .


These Cheap Goods, of the Poorest Materials and Bad Forms, Must be Injurious to the Planter.

They cannot permanently improve his lands. The results produced will | cultivate a less acreage and use only the best manures. You can make a goodnot

be so good, either in quantity or quality, in flavor or in keeping qualities. crop, with strong plants, with much less labor than you can coax along a poor

That covers all the points where the profits come in. It will pay better to | and sickly lot, and the money results will be far better.


The Mapes Company Use Only the Best Materials and in Forms which are the Results of the

Experience of Nearly Half a Century and of Continuous and Costly Experiments. t

The materials are subjected to a special process, of their own discovery, Send for a copy of testimonials from thirty or forty of the best-known

which causes a chemical change, and are mixed for months before barreling. growers in the State as to the results of the use of our Vegetable Manure for

They go through the assimilation in heaps that must otherwise take place the year 1895. :Mr. L. Dozier, our agent at Ocala, writes June 10, 1895, as

in the ground when they are freshly mixed. When shipped they are ready for follows: .

the immediate consumption of the plant, and that is why they produce crops "I have been your Agent for five years, and the only complaint I have

from ten to fifteen days earlier than home-made or any fresh mixtures will do. ever heard from those who used your goods in my district was that they are

They make vigorous plants that will stand drouths far better than those sold strictly for cash, while all the others can be bought on long time. In my

grown with poor materials in poor forms. Common sense must teach us that, judgment, if they were all put on the same basis Mapes) would sweep the

and we have had a great many testimonials on that point. State."


@rT| WILL PAY YOU TO BUY AND IT PAYS US TO SELL FOR CASH.


The :Mapes Company made no bad debts by the freeze and have no I goods. On the other hand, they have have been able to make a large reduc

losses to make up by increasing their profits or reducing the standard of their I| tion in the price of them this year, and at the same time keep up their standard.


-THEY MAKE 1 -



_r FOBMCCO FERTILIZER


Which has had most wonderful success in Pennsylvania and Connecticut in producing Choice Wrappers that have brought exceptionally High Prices.

fIr Write for a Tobacco Pamphlet.

Ammonia. PhospMc Acid. Potash.

GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Mapes' Tobacco Manure, Florida Brand . . . . 5 to 6. 4 to 5. 6 to 7.

PRICES FOR THE SEASON OF 1896.

The Mapes Orange Tree, in 2oo-lb. bbls., f. o.b. Jacksonville, per ton, $37.00 Here is the record of the official l analysis of their manures for the year

Fruit and Vine, U U U U 39.00 1895 at the Florida Experiment Station :
U U U U Ammonia. Avail. Phos. Acid. Total Phos. Acid. Potash.
Vegetable Ie'U 8.00Orange! Tree . . 4.67 7.46 11.22 3.81
11 u U U
Pinea PP 3 Vine . 3.04 7.06 9.55 11.47
Tobacco, U U U. U 38.00 Vegetable . . 5.91 7.84: 10.22 5.68

1 ALSO DEAL IN- : J62T For any further information, write ;

NITRATES, J. $ TYSEfi{
c SULPHATE AMMONIA, Agent,

SULPHATE POTASH, Foot of Ocean Street
GROUND BONE,
BONE BLACK ETC. tJ.R.C} SOj'1VIItILH, fl1.R.. 4



CHEAP" FERTILIZERS. [From New Enland Homestead Dec."8,1895'] of all three ingredients. It is the concerns that methods for determining approximately the relative -
IMPORTANT TO USERS OF FER have capital invested in plants that are most availability of nitrogen,and on subsequentpages .
TILIZERS. I I likely to remain in the business, and are the ones is given a report of the work done during
Prof. E. B. Voorhees, Director of the New Jer. that in the long urn are likely to look well to the past year on this point.
sey State Experiment Station,in the hRuralNew Shyster concerns that-manufacture all sorts of their reputation, for they have more at stake. "While various inferior agriculturally worthless .
Another point that strengthens this caution is forms of nitrogen are in the market the
Yorker." June i, 1895, in an exposure of a so- : materials, and put their goods on the market in that in most States the analyses of fertilizers are main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers ,
called "cheap" fertilizer sold in Philadelphia, all sorts of conditions, in order to get some of the not made until after the spring trade is over. is in dealing with firms which have an established
says: "In the purchase of fertilizers,many farm- trade of old-established and reliable firms,are as reputation, and in avoiding 'cheap' goods
characteristic of the fertilizer trade as of other "VALUATION" Of' FERTILIZERS.They offered by irresponsible parties."-Page 39.
ers are still guided by price per ton rather than trades. Any one who puts out a fertilizer can
Fall to Determine the Quality of Preparations of Leather.
by the amount and quality of the plant-food fur- get it officially analyzed at the Experiment Stations
and it appears in their reports, but the I foods---Established Reputation the As has been proved abundantly by experiment,
nished,hence pay anexorbitant price per poundfor farmer does not know whether the concern is reliable Main Security to the Purcba er. leather,whether in its untreated state steamed
the constituents. A low price per ton does or not. The Connecticut Station, in its an- [Extract from Annual Report of the Connecticut or toasted, and pulverized, has no value as a
not always mean a cheap product; it frequentlymeans nual report for '95 just out. emphasizes the fact Agricultural Experiment Station (Prof. S. w. fertilizer. The State fertilizer law wisely forbidsits
an expensive one,for the legitimate ex* that in buying mixed fertilizers farmers must Johnson, Director),for Year 1895. Issued De use in any form as an ingredient of commer1: 1
to extent reliable and cial fertilizers without explicit printed certificate
rely a great on dealers : ] :
penses of preparation,shipment and sale are proportionately "The main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers These valuations,it must be remembered,are of the fact, such certificate to be conspicuously .-
much greater for low-grade than for is in dealing with firms which have an based on the assumption that the nitrogen,phosphoric fixed to every package' etc.
high-grade goods. Farmers should remember, established reputation,and in avoiding 'cheap' add and potash in each fertilizer are The materials on which the following analyses -
"first,that nitrogen,phosphoric acid and potashare goods offered by irresponsible parties' The readily available to farm crops. Chemical exam- vere made were used in vegetation experiments
the only constituents direct fertilizing value caution is certainly needed,when more than one- ination can show pretty conclusively whether to be described on following pagea.U .
and mixtures containing aU of these In goodforms I third of the nitrogenous superphosphates sold in this is true in respect to potash. There is less 4565- Ground leather imported from England
cannot be secured for a low price per ton, Connecticut do not furnish in all respectts,aU certainty regarding phosphoric acid,while chem for use as a cheap 'ammoniate' in mixed fertili-
unless they are contained in very small amounts; the manufacturers claim for them. Out of seventy- ical examination, as it is usually made, !gives zers. The method of manufacture it unknown
and second,that the expenses of handling are six brands,twenty-one are below the manufacti little{ or no clue as to the availability of the It is a brownish black powder, in appearance
E quite as great for'make weight'as foi material 1. urers minimum guarantee in respect of one ingredient organic nitrogen of mixed goods. This Station resembling dried blood. When pulverized it .
of actual fertilizing value.' ,five in respect of two,and one in respect has Ken for some years engaged in a study of emits an odor of benzine."-Page ao.

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'YEAR 2 PER FLORIDA FARMER m m> EPTTTT-ftPAWPP YEAHRF




F BUDDING a. VS. GRAFTING rank young shoot may be only puttied, lower down on the tap roots; and as can be firmly united to wood which

so to speak, upon the tough wood of often nature has rebuilded on what she 1 has been grown and hardened for so

The Old Fashioned Way of Making the stump,. and l some day it may go had left under the ground. She is many years as had the orange trees of

Good Orange Trees. down in a gale with its precociousload going to do the same many fold quickerby I Florida before the freeze. In bark-

Last week we gave some interviews of fruit. It is a fact, admitted by our aid this time. grafting there must be a union of

showing the results of the restorationof some of the advocates of grafting To me the present is as hopeful for \wood with wood, if such a union can

groves by the grafting or Adams themselves, that too many grafts were future success in growing citrus fruitsas t take place; and in proof that an effect-

t system. This week we present some blown down last summer, even before any time I have known while at i ual union never can be created he

f interviews giving details of the they were subjected to the strain of work in Florida. Had I means to invest (cites the fact, which most orchardistshave

methods and success of .growers who fruit-bearing. What will they do next now, it would be put in orange 1 doubtless observed, that when a

are,using the budding system. fall, if a West India gale catches them groves in the central portion of the (cleft-grafted tree is cut down many

REV. LYMAN PHELPS' with their large, coarse fruits on ? t orange belt. There is a good time ;years after the grafting was done,
GROVE. Mr. Phelps is no alarmist and no coming-watch and work. 1 there will be found no union betweenthe

Mr. Phelps has argued from the be- man will rejoice more sincerely than HIS PLAN OF WORK. 1 two wood-surfaces which were

, ginning that the orange tree itself is |. ]he to see the growers begin to put brought into close juxtaposition.
The sour and lemon shoots I shall
the best of its of
judge strong points, into their
money pockets again. But PROGRESS HE HAS MADE.
work first buds all around
over ,setting
its most forcible sap-currents. That | ]he is anxious
the
I to see orange indus Mr. Bielby has about completedthe
the six
stump, anywhere from to fifteen -
to insert a graft immediately after the ; ry, in which he has for so many years budding of his crop of sprouts and
I in the circle. I do not know
head,of the has received
tree fatal
a taken a deep and paternal interest, re- which of these fifteen will be the one, they are growing finely with few ex
shock which
it
destroys nearly or constructed sound basis.
on a ceptions. Some were inserted into
or ones,which will form the laboratory
quite to the level of the earth, is to
that WAITING AND BUDDING. in which nature will produce the golden sprouts no larger than a lead pencil,
anticipate of
judgment nature.
When we insert do These words express briefly Ir.Phelps' apples.. I do not intend to inter- but even these generally united with
a graft we not the stocks and
know whether or not that is the point policy He has yet set only fere with her selection of channels of had began to grow. He
bloom
where the tree will erect the shoot about five thousand buds in his groveof growth. The longer I work and watch some last spring, but is in

which is destined to become the lender seventeen acres, and on many trees the less I am inclined to use the.shears no particular hurry in this direction,
and
caused the bloom
I r among many and the reconstructor of there are from ten to fifteen buds; so and saw about my fruit shrubs, or to where there to be pulled off

its body. the reader may judge as to the per- try to force growths in this or that di- was any considerable

Deprived by the catastrophe of its centage of the entire grove that has rection. Inarching can be done, but is amount of it, as he considered the

entire breathing the been budded. He reports the re it the best way? trees entirely too young and tender to
apparatus, tree be burdened with fruit bearing.In .
will throw up generally an immense markable fact that he saved about 120 I do not expect to work over all my where .

number of sprouts in the effort to cor- varieties from the wreck of the freeze120 sweet stocks this summer or next. I the cases growers and adopted
have
t" rect the injurious disproportion be varieties which he was able to am leaving the larger sprouts. :Many grafting system trees
already growing as a result, he would
propagate from his own wood. In will bear fruit before I
tween its root system and its foliage sprouts can get advise
that after
a or two when
year ,
act his losses of
varieties were buds such I deem best in local-
system. There will soon arise a very as my I. from the large area of foliage exposed

I, severe struggle between these numerous few indeed. ity, and that point every grower must to the wind, they begin to be in dan-

shoots for existence and the He lets the sprouts come up and decide for himself I do not think ger of splitting off, the earth shouldbe

i greater number of them are destined grow at their own will. Sometimes many of our former varieties are lost. slightly banked around them to

'r: to become dwarfed, if they do not they form a circle .two or three feet in Probably the number lost would be encourage the formation of indepen -

eventually perish. These leading diameter around the old stump. A enumerated on the fingers of one hand, dent roots. This banking should be

\ sprouts, the favorites of the parent great part of these sprouts, in the certainly by the nine digits. done after cool weather sets in and

i tree, are bound to triumph over the case of sweet seedlings, he will never Naturally,I personally believe strong only in the case of sprouts that have

others and it is these which the grower I I remove; thus these trees with the ly in the oranges 1 have produced by at least one year's growth of wood. A

should seize upon, working in harmony widely radiating sprout system will cross pollenation, and shall show my tender young growth is likely to be

::! with the forces of nature, to re become cluster-trees. faith in them by tests. Of the old injured, perhaps killed, by the con- .
the Thus far wrote and then standard varieties the has madean
construct tree.HASTE [ we sent Society tact of hot earth in the summer.
the manuscript to :Mr. Phelps for core excellent catalogue. Consult it, i is
A. NOT NEEDED. FEARS THE FOOT'ROT.
t rection. He added to it the following my advice. Stand by the State Hor i
Rt
It is best Mr. Bielby fears the mal de
not to be in haste in forcing 1 ticultural The goma
: Society. next meeting
,
the more than the freeze and he has
root-system to erect a head at ,
The trunks of the trees in :May, 1897, will doubtless be the
are now therefore
the will taken pains to have all his
grower's arbitrary when thereare
best the has had.
chances that he thrust this grown. The tops are fast budding on meeting Society ever buds inserted in sour stocks and at
may the surface of the Let every fruit grower in the State
ground. Those
least six inches above the in
labor
upon a point still somewhat en ground,
bear share in his brother
% a helping
who have
carefully examined for the up I
feebled from the shock received. order to elevate all sweet surfaces
best part left from the disaster of Feb in the restoration which is surely to
above the
Rather let us assist these trees, suffer vulnerable point. :Many
'
ing under the invalidism of the frost, ruary, 95, find it under the ground. come. --4....--- growers, being unduly frightened by
by a generous culture and a patient There is a very interesting record the freeze, have budded at or below
Mr.
Grove.
Bielby's
nursing, to restore their life-forces to underground in the very old wild the surface of the ground, thus bring-
groves. That record shows plainly ing the sweet bark down the
normal before to
vigor we hasten to in most
Mr. C. F. A. Bielby is known to
sert grafts at random, in order that that the 95 calamity was not the first t of our older readers the susceptible point in the trunk-the
as author -
i i one which these centuryandmoreliving many line between earth and air. In
we may achieve the triumph of a restored of one of the most and case
scholarly
: have
,tap roots seen. These it is considered
tree and a fruiting head i in necessary to protectthe
minute borers twice before have left( comprehensive essays on orange cul .
twelve trees in winter hereafter bank-
months. These marvels of reconstruction by
ture which has in Florida
ever appeared
so flattering to our pride, their cycle records where they worked ing, he would rather raise the mound
and from which the often
r years and years ago, lower down at ; comes few inches
the
which have and covered a higher to cover
sprung tIp
quoted remark as to the "harmless
themselves with bloom and are now some colder time. This fact is a most amusement" of muck point of junction than to have the
applying to
hopeful one to all who have bravelyset sweet wood reach to the
I literally full of fruit, in one ground or
year, may trees. Mr. Bielby deserves to
bring us disappointment. to work to assist nature to rebuild. orange below it and thus be exposed to the
be still better known for a remarkwhich
The orange is a shrub, as I statedto peril of foot-rot, for which no effective
WEAKNESS OF BARK few of readers
GRAFTS. probably our
f you in an interview which you published remedy has ever yet been discovered.
t It is true that a shoot springing from some years since. I shall try have heard attributed to him, that, asa There is no positive safety in

: a graft on the stump sometimes grows to keep it such for myself hereafter. life pursuit, he would plant orange prevention by the use of sour except stocks

with a rankness surpassing its fellows The citrus belongs to the class of trees at De Land, budded on sour extending a few inches above the

which came up of their own accord. tropical plants to which Prof. Hub- stocks, even if he knew positively that ground.Mr. .

But what of the future? Here is an bard so hopefully called our attention they would be frozen to the groundonce Bielby adheres to the estimate

: old stump and a new offshoot erected during the late meeting in Jacksonville every ten years. formerly made by him in our columns

upon it-the tendere'st.Uth. joinedto just as much as the ornamental 1 PREFERS BUDDING. that not over ten per cent of the

the hardest and .toughest old age. plants which he enumerated in his most From this remark it is easy to infer groves at De Land will be abandoned. .

How about the welding ?- :Is it done interesting; way. that Mr. Bielby is an advocate of budding But he calls attention to the dying of

by a good smith ? These,are almost :Twice before, years apart, I say, the and has little confidence in the individual trees in the groves which .

different metals, so widely are they tiny borers, have acted the part of F permanence of trees created by bark- are receiving the best of attention, as

separated in age, and they: may pot scavengers" ,; and such,sections can be grafting on the old stumps or roots. an element of loss which will consid

cleave together when the' severest jestis t : cut out as Prof. Hubbard used lorillustration He is unable to see how a tender, erably augment the above figure iny

placed upon them. This''rich'and at Jacksonville, from points s succulent and wholly artificial growth the ultimate total. '

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: T1t$ P1otl1bA.: paYn ANb rJit11t-GttoWktl. MAY 16,




FERTILIZERHEADQUARTERS.




__ ,


SAVE MONE"Y .

By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new


ALL AROUND BRAND, $35 Per- Ton.


'
. ANALYSIS: 1
Ammonia 5 to 6 perfcent.
Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to 8 .
Actual Potash 4 to 5 "

; Is- This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates Superphosphates and Potash. I


We keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND 1 r

BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.

Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.


LITTLE BROTHERS' FERTILIZER and PHOSPHATE COMPANY,


JACKSONVJz4I4E, E'LORTnA.
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Bearing Groves Near Jacksonville. that the orange business so far northas cure the regular Waldo peach crate,i if guarantee of five per cent of potash,
Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower: this is dead. That what was left possible the
wrap peaches, protect the would be preferable to muriate of pot
In your issue of the 9th there is a by the blizzards of 1894-5 was destroyed layers with excelsior between them so ash. A thorough examination of the

clipping from the Orlando Reporter by the frosts of this past win that the fruits will remain firmly in the matter reveals the following (acts :

stating what Mr. Fuller of Apopkasaw ter. Mr. Fuller on his visit to our their places and not shake about when One pound of actual potash, in the

at Remington Park, on the St. country was not only surprised to see the cases are placed on edge.A form of muriate (selling at $45 a ton),

John's river, south of Jacksonvilleabout bearing orange trees with fruit upon j 4. will cost in New England markets,

twenty miles. There is mani-- them, but was equally as much surprised Florida Camphor Orchard. 45Z cents, while in wood ashes at $9

fest surprise that orange trees so far to see that the young, tender Messrs. Williams & Hubbard are per ton, the cost of a pound of actual

north should have escaped to such an orange sprouts in the various groves about to begin a new industry in Flor- potash will be 7.45 cents-this after
extent the destructive freezes of had passed the winter without material
ida-the manufacture of camphor. deducting for the value of
1.55 per
1894-5. And it is natural there shouldbe damage. The tropical guavas also
They have planted on their Haw cent of phosphoric acid which wood
surprise on viewing these almost passed the winter without material injury -
Creek land 1,300 camphor trees,which ashes contain on an average. In oth-
perfect trees after noting the ruin j where favorably located, and are are'doing well, and Mr. Collins Hub- er words, the price of potash in the
wrought in sections far to the south now blooming for fruitage. We don't
bard has had 1,100 trees planted. Mr. ashes is 65 per cent more than in the
ward. claim to have a tropical country, but Henry Hubbard and Mr. G. H. Wil- form of muriate of potash.If .
The owners of the Remington Park do know that for twenty-five years
Hams have been and
experimenting
sulphate of be taken in
grove do not believe in autumn cultivation there was no more favorable place in I. potash I
have succeeded in
making a small place of wood ashes the is
the State for comparison
and fertilizing. From this fact growing oranges. Many
qnantity of good camphor which will
,
likewise
much in
limes lemons favor of the sulphate.The .
probably these trees were not so activein and guavas were also be sent to Washington for analyzation.
forcing up sap in January, so that produced. This immunity from dam They made the camphor from- average price for sulphate of
the freeze of February found them i ia in aging frosts, excellent artesian well potash is 52.24 per ton; at this figure,
the leaves of the tree, by a fim-
f of
very actual
large measure dormant. This, with water, freedom from gnats,mosquitoes, one pound potash costs 5/
chemical
pIe which
the water protection afforded by the etc.,' with beautiful surroundings of: process, only requires cents, while in the ashes, it is, as stated -
constructed
water and forest and the a properly apparatus 5.45 cents. Of course, it is not
deep, broad river and forest trees no proximity to to produce the camphor in larger
doubt in a large measure accounts for metropolis, makes our country a necessary to purchase sulphate of pot
quantities. The itself
tree be used
can ash for tobacco and
in which except potatoes, ,
pleasant live.
their preservation. This is one to
grove pro but these gentlemen will experiment perhaps a few other Muriate
ductive of fine fruit at the time of the M. S. MOREMEN. crops.
; further and ascertain which is the of potash can mostly take its place.
December freeze it fine Jacksonville, Fla.
was
carrying a -....-. most productive the trunk or the The value of lime in the wood ashes
crop.How Shipping Early Peaches. leaves of the tree, and it is quite prob was not considered in the above calculation .
about this? Right over the able that in few
a years they will be but it would not change the
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower
fence the grove of Mrs. B. Leavy, : large manufacturers of camphor, which results materially, and on soils
many
cultivated and fertilized throughout Will you kindly advise me of the is now worth 68 cents per pound at lime would not be
the in fine condition with fine best market and commission housesto necessary.
year a wholesale. Mr. Hubbard is a scientist Wood ashes (with the guaranteed
of fruit in December ship early peaches to. Will it
ungathered
crop pay apd Mr. Williams is one of the amount of five cent potash) would
'94, also escaped destruction, of to ship by all-rail express at the high per
many most enterprising men in Florida, and have to be sold at $6.05 ton be-
the trees showing little of f rates they charge? Also where per
now trace ,
canI they are just the men to promote the fore they could be compared in price
the blizzard. trees in these get decent crate material and
Many
two at
success of such a project. They thinkthat with muriate of potash but it is fact
have fruit them what price? The last I used I ; a
groves upon now. boughtof 100 pounds of leaves will produce that wood ashes are often sold for
Just south one mile, Captain W. A. -- of --, and it was mss 2 pounds of camphor, the cost of f more than $9 a ton, and in many
Hallowes has with numberof erable stuff-not fit to
a grove a poor use. manufacture The
being light. trees instances, the content of potash is
trees in fine shape.Don't GEO. WILLICOMBE. full of leaves all the round
are
year much less than five per cent, and then
understand that these trees DeLeon Springs, Fla. and are not easily damaged by cold i farmer never knows what he gets.

have sprouted out on the trunks and We send you by mail a list of good this latitude, the trees having passed Wood ashes are largely bought and

larger limbs, but that they practically) houses in some of the best markets for through the notable freezes of last year used by farmers who are not able to

have their tops in almost as large proportions early peaches. Whether or not i it with slight damage, while the orangetrees make these calculations, and thus they

as before the disaster oc will pay you to ship under the heavyexpress I were completely killed down to pay a double price for their fertilizer.

curred. Many have no sprouts on charges will depend on cir the ground.-Crescent City Philosopher. This has been frequently called to the

trunks or larger limbs, no blisters or cumstances. If your fruit is very fineand attention of farmers by experiment

borers, but are in every way perfect is picked at the right stage of ..* stations, as will be seen from the fol-

Then north of Remington Park ripeness, carefully packed and shipped Wood Ashes vs Potash Salts. lowing in Bulletin No. 104 of the New


the Greystock grove, where many of in good strong cases, in a workmanlike In The R. N.-Y., of March 21, Jersey station: '
the trees have good heads above the manner, it will probably bring comparison is made between wood "0n the basis of guarantee and

bud.The you fancy prices. Let the peachesil ashes and muriate of potash, and a selling price given, the charge for

impression is general throughout become fully grown and colored, but statement is made to the effect that potash was 9.24 cents per pound, and

the.southern portion of the Stat I not soft, even at a single. point. Prois wood ashes at $9 per ton, and with a for phosphoric acid 8.8 cents perOS
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.: 1896.
THE FLORIDA FABMEB AND FRUIT-GROWER. 309


c. pound, or 76 per cent greater than on traversed by aqueducts (thus having. other hand, all the fruit which has r brushes), 14 cents; girls who do other
r. the average is charged for the same superior facilities for imgation), are I stood this test.period and appears I various kinds of labor, 16 cents. All
elements in high grade sulphate of estimated as being worth 6,000 to 8,000 sound and well at the end of the five these are, with the exception of the

potash and in superphosphates. lire per ettaro (two and a half acres), days, is said to be able to stand long overseer, women and girls, who have
f: The cost of hauling has not been or about $432 to $576 per acre. shipment and keep for quite a tim to feed and clothe themselves out of

t taken into consideration in the above 2. Land on the plain, suitable for Lemons picked in November will keep these scanty wages. They live upona
r calculations, but this is quite an item lemon culture, with wells and pumps four to five months in the boxes. Someof "panuzza" (a small loaf of bread)

| since ashes, with a fair average of potash (worked by mules) for irrigation, are the leading shippers open the boxes twice a day, with a little fruit, a plateof
contain only five per cent, whilein valued at about 3,000 to 4,000 lire per again (of the fall crop), if kept on macaroni and perhaps a glass of

the concentrated potash salts, as ettaro ($216 to $228 per acre), ac hand over fifteen days, and have them cheap wine. They commence to work
much as 50 per cent of potash is pres cording to distance from city or rail- picked over in case there should be a early in the morning-at this season

ent; therefore, the farmer has to haul road, as well as the quality of the few< rotten ones. Besides this, no before daybreak-do not eat anythinguntil
r 10 times as much weight in case of land. other method of curing lemons is prac- about 10 or 11 o'clock, when

i. ashes as he does in case of these con 3.' Lands on the plain which, al. ticed. After inspection they are they rest a few minutes and eat their
centrated materials. The evidence though good for producing grain wrapped and packed. The lemons bread. The men who make and nail
; ,
produced above will make it clear to i pulse, etc., being clay and without shipped to nearby ports are not gen- up the boxes receive 46 cents per day,
every consumer and intelligent farmer i water, and not considered suitable for erally .so carefully selected as those intended and those who pick the fruit off the
.that it is a gross waste to purchase lemon culture, are estimated at from for the United States.* trees, 27 cents. Another expense is

\ wood ashes at prevailing prices.-Rural 2,000 to 3,000 lire per ettaro ($144-10 The houses used for curing lemons transport to city, the amount depend
New Yorker.
$216 per acre). before shipping are ordinary ware- ing upon distance.
.
Then there is much land covered houses, which formerly might have PRICE OF GREEN LEMONS.
t Singular Pear Disease. with rocks or lava almost worthless. served other purposes, as in one instance Lemons are bought by the thousand,
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Lemons do not thrive in as high alti-- a building formerly used as a 1,040 counting 1,000 lemons. The
I am losing Kieffer pear trees- tude as oranges. J sulphur refinery. These are, like all prices paid are about as follows:
budded low on Le Conte stockfroma buildings in this country, of stone,
For the
COST OF FULL-BEARING ORCHARDS. September-December ,
crop
disease that attacks the outside bark
with tile roofing, generally without
from 12 to lire ($2.16 $2,52))
The cost of a full-bearing orchard 14 per
the
and worksto
near ground, quickly flooring, and well ventilated. Theyare
the November
the wood and It kills !depends not only upon location, but 1,000, crop always
upwards. : provided, as before stated, with a
quickly, and the first warning is the age, and, principally, the quality or number of long, padded troughs for bringing the highest price. January-
May to lire ((90 cents to
variety of the fruit. The fine crop 5 7
large
then
the
foliage turning yellow, tree receiving and picking over the fruit,
$1.26)) Choice fruit of the
is dead. The leaves do curl variety known as "Spatafora, which per 1,000.
not or and with long, low tables for packingand
which will bear
wilt but with the Kieffer stock grows, beginning about midway between January May crop,
remain nailing up the boxes.In .
and the United
shipping to England
Catania and
Messina
quite green for days after the Le around some few cases, where the
Conte stock is black and dead. No Aci Reale and in the Messina district, have a considerable producers of States, brings as high as $1.80 per
crop
would the 1,000; the other is shipped to Trieste
signs of fire blight. Can you suggestor possessing advantages considered their own, they pack and ship it themselves and other near
state what the trouble ? under i, be worth not less in ports.
but
is most cases the packersand
The lemons whichare
than $864 to large"spatafora" ,
$900 acre while
CHAS. E. WILLETTS. per ,
shippers and
are purchasers only,
other varieties yellow in February and March,
Melrose Fla. good not too far from
not producers.The .
city or railroad, would cost $720 to bring $3.60 to $4.50, and even as highas
_. Being quite unable to conjecturethe $864 per acre. fruit is picked green in September $6.30 ((35 lire) per 1,000.
nature or cause of the trouble, we October, November and Decem- The"verdelli," picked in June and
the letter The value of orchards is now con ber and turns yellow in the boxes
sent to Prof. P. H. Rolfs, July, run from $3.60 to $7.20, and
of the State Experiment Station. He sidered to be from 25 to 50 per cent. while in the Months of January, Feb- have a run as high as $9 ((50 lire) per
replied frankly that he did not know, less than it was ten years ago, owingto ruary, March, April and May the fruitis
tt but would visit the orchard and in the low prices received for lemons yellow when picked from the trees; 1,000.These prices (in depreciated currency

i vestigate.Information. during the last few years. The lowest the latter, however, does not keep as ) are for the fruit on the trees,
prices for lemon orchards is in the
well as that picked in September, Oc- lemons counted
1,040 being as 1,000.
.t for.Orange Growers. plain of Catania, about Syracuse, that tober, November and December. That
Editor Farmer and Pruit-Grower: being mostly low, flat land, and the picked in November keeps best of all. WEIGHT AND SIZE.

Why don't you get reports as to the lemons inferior. Such land is valuedat I The forced crop, "verdelli" (a green- The weight is about 8634 poundsper
condition of the orange groves in the about $576 per acre. There are ish lemon hard, sound, and a good box; half boxes of lemons are not
different parts of the State which were generally about 200 trees to the acre. shipper, the growth of which I have put up. Oversized lemons are cut
hurt by the freeze and how to care for THE BEARING AGE. fully described in my report to the De- into quarters and packed in brine (sea

E them? W. M. M. The bearing age is from the tenthto partment of State of January 12, 1895)), water) in barrels and shipped to London
Rockledge, Fla. the thirtieth and even fortieth year. is picked green in June and July. for confectioners' use, and usually
Our issues this week and last will The young trees are generally raisedin Choice lemons for shipment in bring good prices, especially the spat
be found to contain a large amount of nurseries from the seed of "bitter boxes are not generally picked until afora. The culls are either cut up
useful information this they have the size to and packed in brine or peeled, the
on subject from orange. When two, three or four proper ((88 100
several of the best growers in the years old (depending upon the more grams), unless the crop should be very juice pressed out, boiled down, and
State, carefully collected in personal or less vigorous growth), they are bud short, when 77 gram lemons may be sold as "agro cotto" in barrels, for .
the manufacture of citric acid eld.
interviews.The picked. ,
ded, according to their shape and size,
The boxes contain of the full-sized Out of the peel oil of lemon is ex
report written by Mr. More- with one, two, three or more buds, and 1
men, and issued by the State Experi- the first or second year after this the fruit 300 and 420 lemons, the smaller tracted.In .
: Station last winter number being the and the conclusion, I will state that as it
ment covered the trees begin to bear a few lemons, in- 88-gram
ground very well for that period, and I creasing with every year until about larger the 100 gram fruit. All lemons seems to be the general opinion among
t. it is too early yet to attempt to publish the fifth or sixth year after the bud intended for boxing and shipping, unless fruit growers in the United States that
mode of curing lemons before
extended statements as to the progressof ding, when the trees bear finer fruit for very near ports, must be care- some
the groves for the second year. and nearly full crops. fully cut off the trees with a knife or packing and shipping is practiced, I
i i shears; dropped fruit cannot be used. have made every possible inquiryand
The Lemon Industry of Sicily. PREPARING LEMONS FOR MARKET. The receiving baskets must be lined learned that such methods,
The lemons are brought from the and padded, for bruised fruit, no mat except as stated herein, are entirely
LAND. orchards to the warehouses in Cataniain !ter how slight the bruise, will spoil in unknown here. The remark has been
Lands do not pass from one ownerto large baskets, holding about one transit. made that it would be impracticableto
another here except in cases of ex- and a half bushels each. In the warehouses handle them in any other way
treme necessity. For want of moneya of the packers and shippers area LABOR. which would demand more labor.-
t proprietor may part with his land, number of long wooden troughs, The average cost of labor per day U. S. Consular Reports.
hence there exists no market value. lined with burlap and padded with in United States money in handling *

Then there is the great difference in cotton, sea grass, etc. (to keep the fruit lemons is as follows: Overseer, 53 to There was a sheaf of oats exhibited.
soil and location-whether with or from being bruised), into which the 63 cents; experienced women who se- ,in the window of E. T. Conrad &Co's
without water for irrigation on the baskets are emptied, and in which the lect the fruit, 31 cents; wrappers (in :'store this week that was cut in a field
, plain, or on the lower slopes of the fruit remains from four to five days. tissue paper), 19 cents; girls who clean of oats grown by Dr. G. M. Wallace.
mountains. At the end of this period, any tainted lemons (pick out lice with sticks and :They were strong in the straw, with

i. Naturally fine garden land on the fruit, or fruit likely to rot during shipment *The lemon orchards In this district suffer full heads of heavy grain. It was estimated
lower slopes and at the base of the will have developed symptomsthereof The greatly lemons from are the not black only and Injured the white In appear-louse. that the field would produceat
, mountains, enriched by the wash from sufficiently to be observed by ance, but they bare to be cleaned by nand the rate of forty bushels of oats to
I the ever-decaying lava, or humus, and the expert women assorters. On the much with sharp labor and sticks expense.and brushes necessitating the acre.-Daytona Gazette-News.

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310 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GROWEB. MAY,.16 1 ;. I

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A FERTILIZER FOR $27.00 A TON. .


..

THE IkI9" :


# 1-, '_'"-;'__- .:- .._,;- .::- ,":'.,: : : :: : : ,

A Complete High Grade. Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to ".

EAR I.Y VEGE ABLES AND OI MTGE TEJ S. '

GUARANTEED ANAJ.YSIS I
Ammonia, y2 to 532 per cent. .
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent. .
Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, 11 to 13 per cent ,

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. .":

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete ;
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc. L.
WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE. t
Write Us for Prices before Buying. >

vcrnysoisr & TOOME Jacksonville :
,
Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton
Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices.
THE FERTILIZER HOUSE 01 F'LORIDA. '4


Heavy-rooted vs. Light-rooted This makes a slanting slope to every plants grow their crowns get up to. I tivated in the United States six varie-
Strawberry Plants. severed root, which has proved best wards the surface more and more ties of sorghum that do not produce
Professor Van Deman, in April issue, with trees and gives all the roots a.. every year, which makes it advisableto sugar, viz.: Chicken corn, Durrha,
told some interesting facts in reference chance at a connection with the soil, I add an inch or so of soil to the bed Egyptian rice corn, Kaffir corn and
4 to close pruning of trees at transplant- while the longer roots give anchorage.If every fall to keep the plants well below Milo maize. They all have a com-
ingbut said nothing about berry plants, a person once tries this method of it. But where the soil is of a mon habit of growth and considerable
and, as far as I know, nothing has root pruning the strawberry at planting wet nature it is better not to have the general resemblance. Chicken corn, TM
been written by anybody on this point he will try no other afterward.- bed sunken any, as asparagus, though or "Guinea corn," as it used to be
more than to advise the cutting off of Texas Farm and Ranch. loving moisture, does not care to have called, has been known in the Southern -
notice ry roots one third. I have ... its water lodging about its roots unable States for fifty years or more, and
that very heavy strawberryroots Making Asparagus Beds. to drain away. In regard to sortsI in some sections has become so far
when planted either with or While there are advocates of the have not found it to matter much acclimated as to grow wild. It has
without cutting off, rarely do as wellas planting of asparagus in the fall, which one was used. In fact, as every never been held in very high esteem,
plants with shorter roots. If one there is no doubt but the the chancesof plant sold is raised from seed there however, and sometimes becomes a r
gets dug up in cultivating a few weeks success are much in favor of spring can be no distinct kind. Well-fed troublesome weed. Kaffir corn is of
after planting it will be noticed that planting. By fall I have in mind the asparagus plants of any good strain later introduction, of larger growthand
the center of the mass is dead, not month or so before freezing weathersets will give shoots as large as desired.It greater value as a forage and grain
having been able to connect with the in, which is generally looked on is much more a question of manure ,plant. There are two varieties of
earth, except just at the extreme end as the planting season. If it were than of kind. Of rich food hardlytoo i Kaffir corn, the white and the red. ;:
of the roots. generally known that nothing can much can be given. Amateurs The red grows taller and more luxu ,
The inside roots of the mass are succeed better than asparagus does frequently make the mistake of cuttingthe riantly and contains more juice, in
just in the condition, of the inside when planted toward the close of shoots from newly-made beds. that particular approaching nearer to
plants of a dozen or ,twenty cabbagesor August, I am sure a great deal of it This should not be. Two-year-old the saccharine class. Both varieties
tomatoes which you put temporarily I would be planted then. But spring plants are generally used for forming send up many stalks from one seed;
in the earth in a bunch and forgetfor planting rarely fails. The soil warms beds and the growth from these shouldnot the stalks are short, stocky and short-
a few days. Now it is difficult to up quickly then, doing away with the I be cut the first year. If strong jointed; the leaves numerous and
separate the roots of a thrifty straw- risk of rotting, which is what carries !. plants are well fed they will make a large; heads erect in large panicles,
berry plant and get them separated. off so many plants set out in the au- good growth the coming season, and bearing red or white seeds. From its
Catalogues will advise you to tumn. Asparagus delights in deep cutting may be commenced the secondone. bunchy habit of growth it is but little
make a cone shaped mound, spreadthe soil. It is not that the roots run deep, But I believe there is nothing I affected by wind. The grains are t,
roots around it, and if you have for this they do not do, but they de- lost where two seasons' growth can be small, as compared with maize or In- J
but a dozen or so you can make an light in moisture and this a deep soil given them before use. When cut- dian corn, hard and flinty, admirably
attempt to do it in this way, but if you affords them. For field culture if the ting does commence it is now the :suited for chickens, but not suitablefor
have a half acre or more to plant you soil is not fairly deep it will pay to practice of the best growers to takeoff cattle unless well ground. Kaffir J i
have got to hustle, and cannot affordto subsoil before planting. The rows every shoot, large and small, corn has been successfully grown in I
putter. Again, it is useless to patronize must be far enough apart to admit of whether fit for use or not. Formerlythe Michigan, Kansas, California, Louisiana I
a grower of large, strong plants cultivation by horse power. Asparagus rule was to take only the fat stalks, and many other States. Its chief -i
and pay perhaps 30 per cent more, i if f plants can be bought at such a leaving the skinny fellows to grow on. value is as a green forage. It may be 1
they are going to neutralize themselvesin low figure that it does not pay to lose The newer plan calls for the cuttingof cut several times in a season. Cut
starting and not be as good after all time in raising plants, at least not for everything from the bed till the when the grains have hardened, it '1
as less thrifty plants. This matter the start. A bed of seed may be sown close of the season. After this, fine makes good fodder. It is valuable !
bothered me for a good while, not so to yield plants for a second bed. Two- large stalks spring up, insuring a good also as a silage plant, but is quite inferior .
much on account of those I bought a o year-old plants are satisfactory. They crop of foliage, which in turn, insures to Indian corn for any purpose, J
those I grew myself. My rich, strong should be set about fifteen inches roots well supplied for the work of unless it be for soiling. Durrha corn .
loam would not grow the light style of f apart for field culture, and the rows giving vigorous stalks the next season. is generally preferred to Kaffir, where
plants, yet the latter, where one could two to three feet apart. For privategardens Treated in this way there is much they have been grown together. 1
snap with thumb and finger fifty beds of four feet, to hold I pleasure and profit in growing aspara Texas Farm and Ranch.
plants as easily as fifteen of my own, three rows of plants, used to be the gus.-Joseph Meehan in Prairie Far-
made nearly as good growth. If I cut rule, but at the present day, two rows, mer. Mr. W. B. Drymon, is in town from! J
them short they did better, but then with plants two feet apart, is though .. .. Englewood, a growing settlement in
they lost their grip upon the soil anda to be nearer the mark. The rootsshould What is Kaffir Corn? the southern section of the country.
very slight pull would uproot them, be set about three inches deep. Kaffir corn belongs to the sorghum The Lemon Bay Land company have
so I finally hit upon the plan of cut-. Spread them out evenly and cover family, of which there are two put up a store here, cleared about 30
ting diagonally, starting a half inch with good soil. Where the nature of branches-the saccharine, or suga acres and are clearing 40 more, have
from the crown on one side and shear the ground will permit it is as well to bearing, and the saccharine. Kaffir 3,500 trees set out. A large force of j
ing so that scarcely any would be cutfrom .I have the surface rather below the level. corn belongs to the non.saccharinebranch. men are at work here.-Manatee
the roots upon the other side.;.The reason for this is that as the There are more or less cul: River Journal. '
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1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 311
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, J'I of fowls out of ham steer or Berkshire and "
Poultry. any your appear con a hog, Landsfor'. .
I x\. dition separate them from the others they; are unequaled for potpie. Alwayslet
.ofI' ------------------------------------------------ until all right; if any more die, open them sit when they become broody, Lemons
Edited by S. S.DeLANOY, Apopta, Fla. them and see if they are not clogged as it reduces their fat, and they will

I with fat, or enlargement of the liver.S. lay again right away. ,
I Mysterious Disease. S. D. Keep Leghorns for eggs, and havean
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower !Fruitand
:
Grape
>--4 incubator by all means, but if you
What is the matter with my fowls? A Lesson in Poultry Raising.
have
other duties and little help don'tattempt
I I find once in a while one dead in the It is getting late to introduce re
to run more than one small
house or yard, any time of day, with- forms for this year, for about all the one. Select one that is popular with -- Pineapples I
out having shown any previous sickness chicks are already started for better or local breeders, with a regulator that IN
I ': whatever. The combs and wattles worse that should see the light this regulates. If the temperature runs A
i' turned purple and they foam at year. But perhaps those who have down little at night it won't matter, Brevar Dade Counties

;<. the mouth. The twenty-five fowls made a sad hatching season of it may except during the last three days before ,
i' have the run of a peach orchard, roost be keen to see wherein they missed it, hatching, when degrees is FLORIDA.
104
,tr at night in a house of wirenetting on and make notes now for another sea- better than If In order to induce the culture -
I 102 degrees.
, three sides boards the north shin- your reg-- of Citrus fruits in
fi. .. on son. As a means toward this end, an ulator turns the flame or down the
up you
gle roof. Feed twice a day vegetables, i entertaining essay by Mrs.. M. L. will need to work the flame up and counties named, the
t boiled potatoes, occasionally ground Smale in the Los Angeles Cultivatormay FLORIDA
down once or twice a day, as a crust EAST COAST
bone, scraps of meat, have fresh wa- serve :
gathers about the wick if left alone, RAILWAY
ter always. Have cleaned out the "The country is full of people who and the regulator can't move it. COMPANYwill
r house once a week regularly. Have have tried poultry and failed, simply Have plenty of brooders and brooder for the next nine months
kept fowls the same way many years, because they begin with no knowledgeof houses-small and inexpensive if make a reduction of TWENTY-
but have never had such happeningsbefore. the business and attempted more FIVE of its
you like, but with good light and ven- per cent. on price
Have now lost several. AsI than they could accomplish. Not con- tilation and without drafts. lands in above counties or

I read the FRUIT-GROWER, I appeal to tent with the old hen way of hatching On removing chicks from brooder, until Dec. 15, 1896.For .
you. Give answer in that paper. they first buy an incubator and one
have your house for fifty chicks at terms and prices apply to ,
MRS. J. DEHOFF. brooder. Chicks hatch, owner has least 4x5 feet. Cut out of half-inch D C. Sutton or W R. Moses, West Palm
Pabor Lake, May 3, 96. more time than he knows what to do board four equal-sized triangles about Beach Fla.: W.C.Valentine, Ft. Lauderdale,
Fla; P. S. Morse, Miami, Fla.. or to
From the symptoms given it is be- with and no end of enthusiasm, so he eight inches across and nail these in J. E. Ingraham, Land Commissioner,
to the trouble. If the his brooder clean and St. Augustine, Fla.
yond me name keeps every- the bottom corners. This prevents
symptoms named were accompaniedby thing in good shape. Chicks do finely; crowding at night. Cover bottom
looseness of the bowels it would so well, in fact, that he buys another with sand, and renew every day. Put West Coast of Florida.
appear very much like cholera, the incubator and another brooder, and in three perches to induce them to
k symptoms of which are described by still another. Chickens and work roost. Have covered runs and drivein

t A. J. Hill in his treatise on chicken multiply; second brood hatches, must before sundown, and do not turn
cholera follows "The fowl has have that brooder chicks in 20,000 ACRES FRUIT LAM).
as : a so puts a out until the sun shines brightly in
dejected sleepy and drooping appear- box. Next morning finds ten or the runs. Cover a portion during se- -

ance, does not plume itself, thirsty, twelve dead in the corners, crowdedto vere heat. It will take an hour every The most picturesque part of Florida ties around
gapes and sometimes staggers and falls death. Gets more boxes, puts in day to attend to every 100 chicks.
from weakness. Combs and wattles fewer chicks, not enough to keep Absolute cleanliness and attention to Tarpon Springs and Lake Butleron

generally turn pale, but sometimes warm, and they get congestive chills, every detail is the secret of success.If the line of the
: dark. There is diarrhoea, with greenish finally die. :More chicks come off, you have everything entirely new
discharge, like sulphur and water, more brooders. Lots of work by this and no old hens running out to dust PL NT SVSTB7VT. .

r afterwards this is frothy. Prostration time, sick and chilled chicks to doc- about runs, you need have no lice; and only 26 miles northwest from the great city of

:. ensues, the crop fills with mucus and tor; can't get time to keep brooders but be sure to look under the wings 'I'AMPA.: :
> wind, breathing heavy and fast, the clean; has one or two incubators that and about the vent for lice. If they
*", eyes close and in a few hours the don't keep an even temperature. appear, dust with equal parts of bu- Special agricultural offers lands to settlers at $5 to on$10 the per best acre.fruit and
fowl is dead. Camps beside it and catches cold get- hach powder and sifted wood ashes. For maps and information apply to

The symptoms vary somewhat in ting out nights. I Use thumb and finger, as the gun is
different cases; the frequency and peculiar Our friend begins to have a suspi- too wasteful. As fast as you powder LAKE BUTLER VILLA LAND CO,
) color of discharges tells the tale. cion by this time that"chickens don't them put them in an ordinary fruit
." Sometimes fowls live several days after pay." He lets his young chicks out box, twenty-five in a box. Cover witha TARPON SPRINGS, FLA.
diarrhoea sets in, or fowls that are ap too early in the mOl fling and on foggy thick cloth and let them remain
parently in good health one day die days. He has heard that "the early there half an hour. If the lice have
next." bird catches the worm." So it does, laid eggs about the heads, repeat the ;THE IMPR
Fanny Field in Our Poultry Doc- and the roup, too. This is a new operation in fire days. VEDVICTOR

tor says:' "To counteract the effects of complication and he tries everybody's"sure Never grease your chicks. The oil
the germs that may be lurking in the cure," and finds out that his makes the feathers cling and they take INCUBATOR
system of your apparently well fowls, roup resists them all. Lice come, too, cold.-Rural Press. --_: Absolutely Hatches Chickens fierf.recalatln by Steam, .
give them Douglass mixture in drinking for "misfortunes come not singly." -*.. Catalogue andcbeap sttIrstmclaseliatchei
t One Our (friend "Chickens In the market, Circulars free
) water daily. teaspoonful to gets discouraged. -
Things for Poultry Raisers to Re. cents; CEO.EttTEL&CO.,Quincy,111.
of water don't !" Incubators for sale-
one quart ; give tablespoonful pay member.
of pulverized charcoal to pint of goes out of the chicken business. BRASS BAND

I soft food three or four times a week, Before any one goes into the The following suggestions are foundin Instruments,Drams,Uniform,Equip
business it is bestto the Fanciers' Gazette ments for Bands and Dram Lowest
and once every two or three days add chicken extensively English : Corp
prices ever quoted. Fine Catalo ,41XJ
4 ?
{ a teaspoonful of carbolic acid to a have a little experience with chickens Always carefully look over your Illustrations,ma lied free; it gives Band
quart of water and use to mix soft in California. Learn how to flock once a day, and if you see any Music&;Instruct'ns LYON A for IIEALY Amateur, Bands.
avoid how down lice birds their fer.AdiBt St..ad Wibuh Aicinr,O&aoIll.:
V feed, until all symptoms of disease roup, to keep mopy or drooping wings,
have disappeared." and feed. Have thoroughbreds and remove them then and there, as one
Although your fowls seem to be intelligence enough to keep them so. ill bird may affect all the rest. f.fRRVS

well cared for, I would recommend a If you have large fowls, get the most Always keep some Epsom salts and

general cleaning up disinfecting popular breeds-Plymouth Rocks for sweet oil by you, as you may want SEEDS
of houses and yard, and it would be instance-as your profits with them them at any moment. Perfect seeds Perfect grow >dJ
a good idea to dust each one will consist in what you get from sell- Always give just enough food at one are paying not grown crops.bychauce. t\otb.
!_ thoroughly with insect powder. Possibly ing stock. Dig or plow in their feed I time that it will all be eaten up; none log Ing Ferry's Is ever left Seeds.to chance Dtaleratell in grow
your fowls are over fat, in which (grain mostly) four or five inches. should be left lying around. f them everywhere. Write fur
[ case feed less and make them work deep in sandy or loamy soil. Keep Always give as great a variety of FERRY'S
t f for what they get by scattering wheat, them digging. The pullets over eight food as possible; constant change of SEED ANNUALfor
\ cracked corn or other small grain in months old will lay fairly well in winter diet is the way to get chickens on. 1890. Brimful of valuable,
J' litter of some kind. One feed a day but the old hens won't lay to Always give your birds a little hemp i information! seeda.about Free best by and mall.D. u .west '
\ at night would be sufficient, when amount to anything until the eggs are seed and cooked meat when moulting. M. FERRY & CO..
t fowls have a large run, as there is away down in price. Then they will Always keep the floors of the house Detroit Mich.
always some left in the litter for. lay more than a Leghorn. They will and coops well covered with sand or

them to dig for in the morning. If f lay on fat, however, equal to a Dur- ashes. ,x






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312 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRIIIT-(tROWRR. MAY 1C.,


State News. Our Rural Home. That a blue straw hat that has be. membered that, after filling and trimming --

gun to fade, may be freshened by immersing the wick should be turned
- - -
Dr. Porter during the present year Black Skirts.For in strong bluing water? down; else the capillary attraction

cnltivated forty acres of strawberries. Our Rural Home. causes the oil to run over the lamp.
The yield was 40,000 quarts aud the The black petticoat for every ,day Although the broom is sometimes i If you have a short wick, don't throw
average net returns were nine cents wear is most useful, when made from dubbed "a woman's weapon," the it away, add it to the new one.
mohair selisia proper way of using it seems to be a putting out a lamp turn it down
per quart, making a total amount of or English as both wash ,
$3,600 received during the entire so well,and are likewise dust-shedding. lost art. Every woman can wield i it first. .

season. The doctor stages that he i is The newest mohair petticoats are cut on emergency, but not every woman
can wield it to its best .
not favorably impressed with the re to fit the dress-skirt, being gored and but advantage.In An English housekeeper is author-
suIt and that it has been flaring at the bottom but of energetic poorly directed
a poor year course, hands a cyclone of dust is ity for the statement that brass, steel
for strawberry culture. The doctor they are not so full, especially jn the raised, that leaves destruction usually in its and nickel may be kept free from
has given employment to about forty back. rust for months when in
wake. Needless to this is many not
people during certain portions of the They are made stiff by several rows say, neither use by rubbing over with a paste made
season. Next year he will cultivate of whalebone that is to be had, already necessary nor and expedient. A room of fresh lime and water. The ornamental
strawberries the extensive encased with small either swept carefully thoroughly once a
on same a margin on work requires a brush to
week needs little cover
only a daily brushing
-
scale.-Gainesville Sun. side for sewing to the skirt. it thoroughly.
up with the carpet sweeper to keep
For the last nine months of the fiscal This boning keeps the dress-skirt it in orderThe
the increase in the cigar out exactly where.fashion dictates, without preparation for
year sweeping a room takes more time than An appetizing pudding that is
being stiff. exceedingly
conspicuously
put of the Florida district of internal the itself.
sweeping Everything mov- delicious while
not
too
Two foot
narrow plaitings are I
service has been
than
revenue greater able should be carefully dusted, and rich for human "nature's food"
stitched to the bottom. The one-inch daily
other district in the United States.
any set out of the while
room, heavy fur is this:
hems of these feather-stitched
The total amount of cigars manufac- are with
niture should be dusted, and covered
bright Asiatic twisted embroideredsilk STEAMED GRAHAM PUDDING.
tured in these months foots
121,227- with large sheets of sheer unbleached
541, which is an increase of 15,643 of a color to suit individual taste; muslin, or calico kept for that Put one cup of molasses in a pan,
either yellow, heliotrope or scarlet pur and beat into it until
714 for the last fiscal year. This is a pose. Window shades should be foamy one-half
very much larger percentage of in- look well upon b ack. brushed off and rolled teaspoonful soda dissolved in a teaspoonful .
draperies
up
The selisia skirts have no bones of milk. J
crease than in any other district. In shaken out and fastened
out of theway
New York, which is the largest dis- therefore need an extra ruffle at the picture frames wiped up off and Add one egg well beaten, one cup
trict in the United States, there was a bottom. These triple ruffles are also tected with pro- graham flour, one cupful raisins rolled
deficiency for the same period of time brightened with the fancy stitching. : curtains a newspaper drawn and, and covered.bookcase in some of the flour, one grated nut-

of 32,000,000 cigars, and in Pennsyl- A desirable change from the usual Then with a long.handled brush the meg, and one-half saltspoon salt.

vania, which is another large district, feather or briar-stitching is a triple mouldings at the top of the wall are Steam three hours, and eat while
the increase was only 15,000,600 over cat-stitch, and it is very quickly and to be swept, and the walls themselves warm with the following .sauce:

the same period of last year.Tampa easily done. carefully brushed down. The One cupful sugar; one-half cupful _
Procure three shades of Asiatic rugs .
Times. should next receive attention. If butter and one egg creamed together. :
The Tampa Tribune gives details ofa twisted embroidered.silk, the color you there is no plot which Pour on boiling water enough to make
wish, and work first a row of the dark grass upon they the of thick
grand scheme on the part of the may be taken and cleansed brush off consistency cream, and 1
Plant System by which a tract of sev silk, next the medium shade, and last carefully, roll up and set outside., season with vanilla, lemon or nut- \\f
eral hundred acres is being surveyedand the lightest shade at the top, leavingthe Wet meg. .
a newspaper slightly, tear
laid off into town lots, streets, stitches. close....together. and of uniform and throw over the floor, open the up
parks, alleys, etc., with the probabilityof length. This is a very pretty
decoration. windows on one side of the room so The banishment of the sugar bowl
another magnificent hotel. The that there will be no draught through, from the tables of the ultrafashionable -
:Make black skirts with a yoke and
Tribune adds There be little
: can
and take the broom. The is
stroke an accomplished fact. The
doubt of Mr. Plant's purposes regard- draw strings; it is more convenientthan should be long, with the broom alwayson sugar basket usurps the timehonoredbowl.
buttons and buttonholes.
ing the West Coast. The truth is, the floor. She who uses the broom These come in "art metal"

something must be done. There must *-.-. ELIZABETH. with a "flirt and flutter" wastes her (the new white plate) or silver filigree
be more than one attraction for touristson for lined with bowls of
Domestic Science.For strength naught. Sweep with the plain white or
this side of the peninsula or else all Our Rural Home. arms, not with the back. It is usual- tinted glass or china. They are shal--
the tourists will go on the other side, Did you know- ly better to begin in one corner and low, and can be readily removed and
as they have largely done this winter. That custard should never cook a sweep toward the center, then take washed. The handles of these bas-

The East Coast line, and the magnificent moment after it is solid, as it then be- another, again with the center as a kets are intended to match the sugar
system of hotels built from St. gins to turn watery? goal, and so on until the entire surface tongs.
Augustine to Biscayae Bay all along, That a little cream added to the has been covered. After the dust has ... I a

are a heavy-weight competition whichno yolks of eggs will always prevent their settled (and there will not be a great. Chair Back and Other Things.For .
single-handed game can handle. curdling ? amount if the broom has been held Our Rural Home.

Saturday we passed through the That dried bread crumbs rolled fine carefully), the carpet should be wipedoff A pretty cover for the back of an
hammocks adjacent to Palmetto. Some and kept on hand in a glass can, are breadth by breadth with a large easy chair is made of linen crash.
crops without rain are hopeless, but invaluable when called upon to make cloth wet in a pail of water, to whichox i The ends are finished with knotted
of many their owners have reason to scallops or croquettes in a hurry? gall or salt has been added. Then fringe. A border is worked a few
be proud. Where land is especially That a Dover eggbeater is our best. the windows may be wiped, rugs inches from the ends with Roman floss
high and sandy or the roots have not ally in making a mayonnaise? brought in and spread, furniture cov- in either coral or cross stitch pattern.A .
been thoroughly removed and cultiva- That Baker's chocolate will dissolve ers taken off, shaken and folded, fur- spray of flowers outlined with
tion has been only partial, the fruit without the trouble of grating ? Just niture brought back to position, bric- Asiatic twisted embroidery silk orna-
cannot fill out and plants are badly break it in pieces. a-brac put in place, and the room fresh ments the center.A .

wilted. On other fields tomatoes lookas That a mealy potato mashed with and sweet will be ready for occupancy.To bunch of carnation pinks or a
well as they ever did. Artesian turnips is an improvement? few ferns are suitable for the design.A .
wells have been used with excellent That a scallop of cold boiled cab- be armed, cap-a-pie, for dusting, very dainty and economicalcover
effect; large ditches dug through a bage, grated cheese and buttered bread the housekeeper should have a furniture for a dresser is made of white
field and from these the water run crumbs, in layers, makes a delicious I. brush for tufted furniture,a whisk cheese cloth. One end has a corner
into ditches between the rows. Mr.I. dish ? broom and wooden skewer for cor- of drawn work, and the other a hem-
F. Houston has perhaps irrigatedwith That if bread gets too brown in bak-- ners, a paint brush for dislodging the stitched hem trimmed with lace.

most success, a patch of three ing, it should be grated off? dust in carvings, an old silk hander- Pillow shams of fine muslin, witha
and a half acres of tomatoes, being irrigated That if cream begins to sour, a tiny chief for bric-a-brac and the piano, a two-inch hem, and a ruffle of lace
once a week for several weeks bit of soda will restore it? feather duster for the covers of books, have a design of wild roses outlinedin
". past. The fruit is certainly large and That kitchen floors painted with a damp chamois for glass doors of natural colors with Asiatic etch-
full and being packed at the time of boiled linseed are easily cleaned? bookcases, and two soft dusters of ing silk.

our visit in six basket carriers, run- That salt moistened with lemon I cheese cloth or old linings, washedout A splasher el white muslin has a

ning respectively 72, 114 and 156 to- juice, will take stains off the hands. for general dusting. The little hemstitched h >* and a design of
o : matoes to the crate. Mr. Houston That powdered orris-root can have spaces in woodwork require a corner reeds and gram with a few butter-
F was also shipping from a nice patch of its strength renewed by spreading it of the cloth dampened and drawn flies poised above them, outlined with

?, celery, packages of 60 to 100 pounds, out in the sun to dry? through.In Asiatic twisted embroidery silk in the
f selling for$9, netting about s.-\Ian- That the handle of a Dover egg bet- natural colors of the design.
.r atee River Journal. ter should never be put in water? caring for lamps,it should be re R. E. M.:



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1896. THE :FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 313, '"



A Royal Wedding. green. It may be these methods will' I MOTORMRN'S LIFE. .

far and prove a way out for the loss of the
Peter Potash was a citizen respected
wide. leaf of beggarweed which must be -
When Miss Phosphoric Acid smilingly be. handled before it is bone South
dry.-
came his bride. FULL OF HARDSHIPS, EXPOS-
The years dealt with them kindlythoughthe ern Ruralist.
lady ran to bone; ... URE AND CONSTANT
With Potash fat enough for both, life sang a --
hearty tone. A Cheap Silo. DANGER.
Their two adopted daughters, Cow Pea and
Beggar Weed. -
"
Were often prettier said than any peach yet Potash Recent experiments prove that ensilage The Great Strain on a Man's Nerves \ (

He envied neighbor Nitrogen each big and can be put up in the open stack Sufficient in Itself to Wreck

Organic stnppling and G.son Mineral' -big fellows-full of and without cutting up before stack. Him in a Short Time. The

fun ing. A portable frame is erected Experience of a Well-
But purposeless and lazy, with a clumsy wish
and crude, around the place for the stack by con. Known Motorman.
To Imitate the manners of a brainless city Shortest Most AttractiveRU'rE
dude. necting a series of long hurdles stoodon From the Cincinnati, Ohio, Enguirer. Quickest,

"If I could have those fellows,"said old Pot- end and made of long pieces of i
ash to his wife, The life of a motorman i 19 not a bed of : : .
"I'd sharpen their ambition till it cut things by 4 lumber nailed 4 inches apart on roses. He is subjected to many hardships

like even a as knife.1'But he grumbled,up the path came to pieces of 2 by 4, which project on especially in the winter, when he is exposed FLORIDA POINTS BETWEEN AND THE NORTH
4 walking free each side of the hurdles far enough to to the cold and snow. Even in the THE
t As handsome a procession as you'd ever care summer he must bear the intense heat,
be connected by bolts. Into this circular -
to see'Beggar which beats down him. Consider- Florida Central and PeninsularNew
Weed In frame upon
and Organic, a perfect enclosure the corn or cane
sugar
and self is
+ of mind. able nerve possession necessary -
With Cow Pea and his brothur but a step or is dumped, trodden down,and allowedto in a good motorman, for the lives and NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

} How Potash chuckled-he tickled settle, and topped up to shed water limbs of his passengers are at stake. One : New York to Jacksonville by
.S old man was Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington -
half to death- and when settled down, the frame is of the best known electric motormen in and Southern Railway to
While dame Phosphoric Acid smiled herselfall taken and removed and when this city is William Frazer, who is at Northern I Columbia, Florida Central &;
out of breath. apart ,
present running a car on the Cummins- Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
And so the brothers, Nitrogen, have dropped needed for the with .
their life use, mass is cut a ville electric line. He is not only well- points in Florida.Cincinnati
lazy ration" with old Potash hay knife. This simplifies putting I 1 Cincinnati i to Harriman Junction
To form balanced up known to his fellow employes, but to the I by Queen &; Crescent,
and his wife. ensilage for use on a large scale. If the people who travel on his car. Mr. Fra- Harriman Junction to Asbe-

From Rural New Yorker, adapted to the feed is needed in another pasture it zer is a young man about twentysixyears Asheville & I villa and Railway Columbia, and by Florida Southern -
Southern Ruraltet and Southern Farming. of age and resides with his wife
can be carted there and fed in troughs, Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Columj -
..... and child at 144 Betts street, Cincinnati, J j bia to Jacksonville.
or even on the ground in emergency. 0. About :Mr. Frazer
a year ago was Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Curing Beggarweed. -Coleman's Rural World.As taken with serious stomach troubles. He Cincinnati Queen &; Crescent to Chattanooga -
several kinds of medicine that and Southern R'y to JJver-
make excellent bought } Florida Central & Peninsular
cowpeas silagelet Florida ette, ; -
In a late issue of the Times-Union were recommended to him, but none of Limited., to all important Florida
the Gulf States farmer the
Dr. Troup Maxwell writes : try them seemed to give him even temporary points.
I above on a small scale the present sea benefit. An enthusiastic admirer of that Kansas City Fort Scott &;
I read with interest what Mr. Hast- Kansas City It.It
I Cut the vines when in bloomor known Dr. Williams' Memphis to Kansas City,
famous
son. remedy as to Birmingham, Southern RT
ings said about what he calls "The Jacksarnio'ville 1
when the pods are green and if Pink Pills for Pale People told him to try Thro Line to Everette Fla. Central &
Florida clover or beggerweed and Peninsular to all Fla.
the of vines them. Frazer was almost discouraged, points.
practical harvesting
am prepared to warmly indorse everything pea but took the advice. To a reporter of the Louis to Jacksonville by
beggar weed, sorghum and corn fod. 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
he said
E he of it as forage and Enquirer :
green Central to
says Holly Sp'gsKoute. Holly Sp'gs,
fertilizer but cannot his recommendation der will be greatly simplified and "I can most heartily recommend Dr. City, Memphis &; Birmingham -
; approve stock raising and dairying in the Williams' Pink Pills. They are all thatis J to Birmingham,Sou.
yet as a hay plant. R'y to Everette and F. C.&; P.
South will receive an impetus that claimed for them, in fact they advertise -
Perhaps the first experiment ever Sioux City &; Chicago to Jack-
themselves better than medicineI
will be factor in its future any sonville. 111. Cent. to Holly
a '
great
made of beggarweed for hay was minein ever saw. I was seized some time ago Holly Sp. gs}Sp'gs, K., C. M. &; B. to Birmingham -
1853. It on my plantationin I prosperity. with a bad attack of indigestion. My Route.New Sou. R'y to Ever- .
grew .
ette and the F. C. & P.Louis'ille
in and stomach hurt me nearly all the time andI
Leon great profusion
county &; Nash'ille to River
could not food. The
luxuriance and when in full bloomI How's This! digest my pain Orleans Junction. F. C. &; P. only
was almost unbearable and I found noth- To }route with through sleepersJacksonville

had a large quantity cut, dried, tied We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewardfor ing that would give me relief. I confess between New. Orleans and

into sheaves and piled in ricks. I of Catarrh that cannot be that when I bought the first box of Pink Jacksonville.The
any case F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track In
soon discovered that as soon as dry cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. Pills I hadn't much confidence in their I, Florida running through,the

leaf fell on the slightest handling J. CHENEY & CO., Props., efficacy because I had tried so many Tobacco Regions,
every things without success that I was almost Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
leaving only the stalks. This, Toledo, 0. Peach and Strawberry Land,
Before I had taken
We the have known F. J. discouraged. one and
undersigned Orange, Banana Pineapple CotntrytPhosphate
if I am not misinformed, has been Cheney for the last fifteen years, and be- box I was decidedly better. Two boxes Belt.

the experience of every one who has lieve him perfectly honorable in all busi- cured me entirely. While I have been Has the Other Silver fine Spring Scenery.and

tried to make hay of beggarweed.All ness transactions and financially able to under the weather from other causes my The Great Hunting Country.
made their indigestion has never returned. If it Reaches the Noted Fishing Ground
that Mr. of out any obligation by
Hastings beg-
carry
says should I know just what to do. I haveso Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety
garweed as a fertilizer, of the fondnessof firm. WEST & TBUAX much confidence in the efficacy of of soils in the State and above all

all farm stock for it as food, and of Wholesale Toledo ,0. Pink Pills that if I ever get real sick Runs over the Central Rldgeland
Druggists, ,
Where It Is High and Healthy.
marvelous nutritious properties is again with any disorder I shall use some
WALDING, KINNAN & MARVIN, Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
true. It will be consumed both green Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, 0. of them. It is a pleasure for me I assure the best freight facilities for any produce to
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken you to testify to the excellent qualities of the Northern markets.
internally
and dry,by such animals in preferenceto these Pink Pills. They not only tone the Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
acting directly upon the blood and mu- the towns its route.A.O.MACDONELLG.P.A.
and note on
other and fact free)
forage
any strange cous surfaces of the system. Price 75c. stomach but regulate the bowels and act ,

they prefer it even in a decaying con- per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Testimonials as a mild cathartic" Jacksonville,Fla.
the best of fod Mr. Frazer's testimonial means some- -
dition to hay or corn free.
-..._ thing. He speaks from personal experience The Fla. Cent & Peninsular. R.
der.On and who doubts that he
anyone
August 23, 1853, there was a To succeed in dairying get rid of the received the benefits stated can easily Offers to Shippers

terrific cyclone which saturated my scrub cow. Milk quickly and clean. verify the assertion by calling on Mr. The Shortest and Quickest Route

beggarweed hay and scattered the Do not curry the cow with a milking Frazer or seeing him some time while he BETWEEN

ricks. The experiment failed but I.. stool. Deal gently and make a pet of is on Dr.his Williams'car. Pink Pills contain, all FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

noticed that when the stock was her, and the cow will give down her the elements necessary to give new life THE EAST AND WEST.

turned loose into the field in the fall milk, and give it generously, if you and richness to the blood and restore With Improved Ventilated Cars,this com-
Is better equipped than ever ever to
they left everything else and gathered feed her wherewith to make the milk.It shattered nerves. They are sold in boxes pany handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and

around the fallen ricks eating the is much cheaper to get the same (never in loose form, by the dozen or insure close connections and prompt despatchto
hundred) at 50 cents a box, or 6 boxes for all Eastern and Western Markets.
I had a load:
decayed beggarweed. of milk butter from to destination with-
quantity or one $2.50; and may be had of all druggists, or Through cars
hauled to the stable and placed the good than two poor cows. directly by mail from Dr. Williams' Med: out change or delay.
stuff in the racks with sweet, Perishable freight followed by wire and
rotten icine Co., Schenectady, N. Y. shippers advised time passing various Junc-
perfectly cured corn fodder. My stock Filled cheese, made of cottonseedoil tion points and arrival at destination.

did not touch the fodder until they con lard and skimmed milk, must in If the sweet potato runs too much to All adjusted.claims overcharges and loss promptly -

sumed stick of the beggarweed.If future be sold under its own name.
every I 1 vine give it more potash. See that your goods are markedvia
some plan of curing the weed, Selling it for pure cheese has destroyed F. C. & P. R. R.

so that the leaves will hold, can be' nearly one-half of our export trade in Feeding cattle and crops out of the For information call on or address the undersigned -

devised there is nothing comparableto cheese, while Canada's exports have same bin is extensively practiced in C. E. TAYLOR: ,Trav.A'gt.0cala,Fla.

it as long forage. | increased 400 per cent when the export New England, where they use cotton- W.G.M.B.HOLD TUCKER EN,,Trav.Gen.A'e't A gt,Orlando Leesburg., Fla.Fla

The reader is requested to read in of {filled cheese has been prohib-- seed meal to feed the cows and to W.R. FULLER.Trav.A' 't.Tam lager

this issue of the Ruralists the articleson ited. Better to be honest. A recent make fertilizers to ship back to the Or N.S. PENNINGTON Jacksonville,Trame ,:Fla. ,

"cheap silo" and stacking fodder act of Congress taxes it to death. South. W, H. PLEASANTS. General Freight Aft"r'









..- - ," --'C','_ -- -



t .

-314 THB FLORIDA FARMER> AND FRUIT-GROWER. MAY 16,

-

Hasn't the Sherman bill been repealed methods in the transportation of our selling at remunerative prices. Buy
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower
? Wasn't that to restore 'con- products to the markets of the world, from reliable nurserymen and give

A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main fidence' and insure 'prosperity!' Why thereby enabling the horticulturist to tree agents a cool reception.

Street, Jacksonville.Fla. this unusual depression and distress ship his products wherever there is a Yours truly, S. MILLER.
everywhere? Will the gold bug press demand for them and to receive in Bluffton, Mo.Important .
please answer?" return a fair reward for his investmentand # *

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION Per contra, the following item was labor. The solution to this ques- questions is better for

For One Year ...82.00 passed around by the State press: tion means more to horticulture than our locality.
..........
For Six Months i.oo
In Foreign Countries 3.00subscriptions "Sergeant Brown, who is in chargeof all others combined. Truly yours, I. Development of varieties spe-

in all cases cash in old Fort :Marion, at St. Augustine, JOHN D. CUNNINGHAM, cially adapted to our peculiar local-
advance. No discount allowed on one's says that he has shown more than President Georgia Fruit Growers' ity.

own subscription(except in a club), but to 100,000 people through the Fort dur- Association. : 2. Orchard cultivation and man
all agents a liberal cash commission will :Marietta Ga.
the ,
ing year. agement.
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby
them. Write for terms. To ascertain the truth as between 3. Injurious insects and diseasesof

To every new subscriber we will send, these; conflicting statements we sent Some general plan to reduce the plants-i. e., to maintain present
. postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Gardening the above clipping to the famous sergeant shipments of poorly packed and inferior immunity and guard vs. introductionof
in Florida." For two new sub- who is probably in a position! products to the various marketsof dangerous pests.
scribers, at $2.QO each, we will send, to: judge of the volume of Florida the country-such goods usually F. W. MALLY.

postpaid Culture.", a copy of Moore's "Orange travel: as correctly as anybody in the breaking the markets and. reducingthe Hulen, Texas.

Rates of advertising on application. State, and asked him as to its truth- value of the better goods. #
fulness. In reply he wrote: P. M. KIELY.St. I. Insects.and diseases.
Remittances should be made by check,
postal note, money order or registered Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Louis, Mo. 2. Culture and marketing.
letter to order of :My statement about the number of 3. Varieties and location.

people visiting St. Augustine or Fort CHAS. A. GREEN .
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, The most important question in ,
Jacksonville Fla. :Marion is correct. We have had as horticulture is the education of the Editor Green's Fruit Grower.

many visitors this year as in any pre- individual grower to the point of Rochester, N. Y.

vious year. They have not stayed as producing a strictly first-class articleone *

CONTENTS. long as usual on account of the cold which will triumph over all "The most important question"now

in the fore part of the winter. frauds of dealers and all extortionate before New York fruit growers is probably

Budding. Grafting-Mr. Phclp's Grove; Mr.Bielby's Yours, transportation charges and that of spraying, although the
...... .... .... bring a
Grove .. ...... ..... 307 G. M. BROWN. and
of
profit in the market in spite of all the tillage fertilizing land are always
Bearing Groves Near
Jacksonville Shipping
Early Peaches; A Florida Camphor; Or- ...- adverse forces of man and nature. to the fore. L. H. BAILEY. .

chard; Wood Ashes vs. Potash Salts...... 308 Orange Information. FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.
Singular Pear Disease ; Information for Or- During the session of the State Horticultural 5j* *f*
Jacksonville Fla. March\ 26.
,
ange Growers; The Lemon Industry of
Sicily.............. ....... ................ 309 Society in this city we improved The economical protection of plants
insects and .
Heavy-Rooted vs Light-Rooted Strawberry the opportunity to seek inter- How to put our product on the against fungi.E.
Plants; Making Asparagus Beds;What is S. CARMAN,
Kaffir Corn? ......... ...... ........ ... .. 310 views with some of the leading orange market at a profit. What the trans- Editor R. N. Y. '
POULTRY-Mysterious Disease; A Lesson in growers. In this way we obtained portation companies do not extort the *
Poultry Keeping; Things for Poultry commission merchant steals. The
Raisers to Remember.. .. ................ 311 specific details which are more help- workers are the victims of the drones. "Spraying." .,
StateNews............... ...................... 312 ful to the novice or to the old grower The speculator buys fruit at 25 cents C. K. McQuARRiE.
OUR RURAL HOME-Black Skirts; Domestic puzzled by the novel conditions which and after a few hours run sells it at *
Science; Chair Back and Other Things 312
confront him than $2. E. W. KIRKPATRICK. Dear Sir-The most important ques-
A Royal Wedding; Curing Beggarweed; A now could be
Cheap Silo....... ....................... 313 learned from the more formal and I tion in horticulture to my mind is,
EDITORIAL-Last Winter's Travel in Florida; To the practical horticulturist the How to augment the food supply.
Orange Information; Most Important studied addresses before the Society, Yours truly,
most is how
important question to se-
Question in Horticulture;Kieffer, A Good value the latter. Our R. H. PRICE.
Market Pear... .......................... 314 highly as we cure the best returns in money for .
Markets; Pineapples...................... .... 315 issues of :May 9 and 16 present this money and labor put into the busi College Station, Texas. I.
Weather and Crops-Government Report.... 316 information consecutively and ness. Next to this is how to get the 1
Melon Plant Louse...... ....... ...... ........ 318 we of To "What in
Notes and Comments ........................320 should be glad to send copies free to greatest amount best product froma your query, your
given expenditure. This would opinion, is the most important ques-
Weather in Jacksonville. any address furnished us by friends of have a very long, complex answer, tion in your field of horticulture?" I .

Week Ending May n, 1896. Florida.In beginning with, 1St, varieties; 2nd; answer, The influence of our horti-- 1

connection with this we would soils; 3rd, fertilizer; 4th, cultivation; culture in the building of American !
..
a a H. ti G a II .cd.-=' ....:. also call attention to the 1895 reportof 5th, harvesting; 6th, marketing. Each homes.Rural New Yorker.
DATE. .i; a II w a u H o x;, the Horticultural for of these would branch off in numerous -- 4 j
co co :s o Society; par- Keiffer
a Good Market Pear.
directions that the main ,
----- - so question 1
May ....... 82 6S .06 ticulars as to this see our advertising '
S. 70 7-4 J7 74 involves of the It is remarkable that the only
May 6........ 66 73 83 6S 18 74 .00 a knowledge whole i pear
May 7........ 74 67 77 6S 12 71 .00 columns. subject of horticulture.T. that is exhibited freely on the fruit
8........ 6o 60 66
May 64 71 II .00
S. stands of
May 9........ 64 70 78 53 25 66 .00 -MUNSON.. Philade'phia, during midwinter
May JO.... .... 66 78 88 s8 30 73 .00 Most Important Question in Horti- is the Kieffer. This is in ;
May u.... .... 70 82 92 66 26 79 .00 culture. abundance J
- everywhere. Whatever .
Mean....... 68 73 82 62 20 I 72 .06 Our wide-awake young contemporary Dear Sir-Replying to your in- critics may say of their quality, some- -
quiry of the 17th instant it seemsto
the Horticultural Gleaner ,
of
-Total rainfall. body likes them, as they sell Creely.'t
that the
me most important
T Trace. Austin, Texas, sent out a large num pro- A good point with them is that they .
A. J. MITCHELL Observer. ber of blem the fruit grower has to deal
,
inquiries asking replies to the do not rot easily by handling, as other j
with is how
to market the product to
-* above question. The editor
gives pears do. They rank with the apple ':
Last Winter's Travel In Florida. them in the order of their correctnessin the best advantage. Yours truly, in this respect.Meehan's Monthly. !
G. L. TABER.
his judgment, and we reproduce a PSI '
The following from the Ocala Ban- few of them: Glen St. Mary, Fla. A large number of camphor trees j

ner, published last winter, has given The most important from the fruit have been planted in the streets of ,

aid and comfort to the enemies of growers' standpoint is the educationof Replying to yours of the 17th, West Palm Beach. 4

Florida: the grower and the shipper to the "How to secure paying prices for From reports gathered from the

The editor of this paper has just returned end that only fruit of the best qualityand produce." fruit growers of the surrounding country j

from a trip extending from in perfect condition shall go on "The Market Garden Co." it is evident that the fruit crop ,

Jacksonville to Palm Beach. At the market. If all the fruit was first- F. W. LEAVITT. will not be so large as was anticipated )

Jacksonville, St. Augustine, and all class, properly packed and assorted, but will, no doubt, be of better qual. 1

along down the east coast to Palm there would be no such thing as over Plant only varieties of fruit that ity. The blight has done much in.

Beach, are big hotels-perhaps the production. It is the poor fruit badly have been once tested well and found jury in some sections, and since the 1

finest in all the world. In past years packed that breaks the prices on the reliable. Cultivate carefully, prune warm weather set in it has been dis.

they have been filled to overflowing, market. E. A. RIEHL. properly, spraying with the solutionsthat covered that much of the young fruit 1

but they are now almost as desolate Alton, 111. are recommended in the Horticultural was injured by the late cold spells of
.
and deserted as the orange groves I press. Plant largely or in less the winter, and is dropping from the

after the great blizzard. Why is this? Improved and more economical I number according to the prospect of I.I.I I trees.-Pensacola News. j







__ .__ .-' ...i1tk.." ,,,,',,,''''''',>2''' 'r -: "' -1..0.. '-t 7, "'":e.-_-'":---'_ 'd!.;.'> -" -"" .z".L. ,,> __!!. """"" ,IA----' -. "- -- 1: ., -- ,-- ., "'"""'" -.,._ .L.<,,"",.L _



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.,

1896. THE FLORIDA FARM AND FBUTT-GROWEB. 315

4Ij


Ij flarkets. Tomatoes, Fla. prime large, per carrier, THE
; 2.25 to 2.50; prime to good, 1.00 to 1.50.

,Ir -- Philadelphia.....Markets. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., :May 15. ,
Philadelphia May 8.-Beets, Charleston JACI SONV I..tE.
FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
-
and North Carolina, per 100 bunches,
"
L Corrected by Marx Bros. 5.00 to 8.00; Florida, 4.00 to 7.00. Cabbage The Oldest National Bank in the State.
These are average quotations. Extra choice
Charleston and Savannah 1.75 to
lots fetch ,
prices above top quotations, while poor
lots sell lower. 2.25; Florida, 1.50 to 2.00;Norfolk and N. CHARTERED 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED 1894.

Pines, crate ............. .............5.00 to 6.00 C., 1.00 to 175. Squash, Florida, per or- ,
Strawberries, per quart............... 05 to .06 servatiatreByyc ,yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
Lemons, Messina box....... ......>. 3.25103.50 ange box, 1.00 to 1.50. Cauliflower, Florida and ability to meet all legitimate demands.
1 English Peas, dried bu... ...... .... 1.50 per orange box, 2.50 to 5.00. Egg We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
Peas, Clay, bushel............ ....... .85 plants, Florida, choice to fancy, per or- drafts on all parts of the world.
44 Whippoorwill................. 1.00 We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations assuring you that your
Lady.........._................ 1.25 ange box, 3.50 to 5.00; ordinary, per orange favors shall at aU times receive intelligent and careful attention .
Y ., Blackeye...... .................. 1.50 box, 1.50 to 2.50. String Beans, Savannah -
',_' Browneye...... .... ............ 1.00 per basket, 3.50 to 5.00; Florida, JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
i Cocoanuts............... .............. 350 2.00 3.00. Cucumbers .
,11 I. Peanuts best brand..... ............. 05 to .06 refrigerator car, to President. Cashier.
. Cabbage. Florida (wanted), each...... 06 to .08 Honda, choice to fancy, per box, 2.50 to
Potatoes,New York,bbl............. 1.25 4.00; ordinary stock, 1.00 to 2.00. New Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.

sacks ....................... 1.00 potatoes, Florida, choice to fancy, 7.00 to -
Onions New Bermuda, bushel crate 1.75
'i t 2g&'l.--_........._ .__ .10 8.00$ ; seconds, 4.00 to 5.00; culls, 2.50 to
a, VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. :3.00. Tomatoes, choice to fancy, 6-basket THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare

carrier, 2.50 to 3.00; poor to good, 1.25 to

Corrected by Davis & Robinson. 2.25. Celery (receipts light), 1 doz roots, offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and '96, including a limited supply of

Yellow Yams bush ........ .......... .35 to .40 per bunch, 25c to 100.
Sweet Potatoes, ...................... .35 Florida peaches are being asked for and GENUINE BOONE'S' EARLY TREES AND BUDS .
> Hubbard squash, bbl.................. 1.50 if here would command if
Lettucedoz.. ......................._.. .ioto .15 fancy prices, Also Fruit, Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet, Bessie.
Celery .................' ........_ .30t0 .35 choice.: Pineapples from Florida (Biscayne Grape Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes.Tangerine All and
Egg Plants bbl...................... 3.00 to 4.00 !Bay) have begun to arrive and common stocks. Orange Write for prices on Sour
Tomatoes crates ..._...............i.ootoi 50 meet with sale at 12 to 20c. to to'v.
Sweet Pepper bu. ..... ..........-...... 1.50 ready as ,v. HTA'WreiJVS: & J5OIV&
Green Beanscrate.5 to I.SO size and quality. For Red. Spanish fancy Georgetown, Fla

Peas,crate...................... .50 to .75 varieties higher.
\ Turnips,bunch............... ....... .03 to.06 REDFIELD & SON. DAVIDSON &
Pumpkins, each....................... 05 to .10 CO.,
'1 Kershaws, each,... ....... ......... .05 to .10 .N.--
r Parsley per doz. bunches ...... ...... .05 to .10 Buffalo Market. COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
.' Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to.25 *
Pepper,hot bushel,.................,.None. BUFFALO, N. Y., :May 9.-Buffalo mar- .
Sage well cured Ib..................... .25 ket to follows
Hens.....'....._...-._....._,..... .30 to .35 quotes day as : Fancy tomatoes -2:HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. ;i
Roosters..., _...............*-.....,... .25 at 2.00 to 3.75. Cabbage, 1.75 to
half grown...._....................... .25 2.00. Green peas, 1.00 to 1.50. Green Oranges, Lemons, Pineapples, Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.No. .
Turkeys pound, ............ .Io to .12 !
per gross beans 1.75 to beans
2.00. Wax
Ducks.: M_.M_.......M. ..........1 .35 2.00 to 20 West Front Street, CINCINNATI, OHIO
Geese ........._...................... 35 to.40 !2.50. Fancy potatoes, 6.00 to 7.00 per ----
New Beets per too .............._ ..... 4010.75 barrel.
300 ACRES IN NURSERY. 0 ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. 0 38TH YEAR.
Water Cress, per doz. bunches ... .25 BATTERSON & Co.
..... ....... .
Cauliflower! doz ..... .., .75 to 1.50
Leeks per doz bunches...... ......... .25 .
Radishes per doz.................... .10 to .20 Pineapples. FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.Oriental .
Cucumbers crate...... ............... i.ooto2.oo
New Potatoes per barrel..... .....' 2.00 to 3.50 Sgobel & Day, New York, say: On Pears Plums Marianna
Spinach,per ]bushel.................. -5 Tuesday next we shall commence our Plants. Vines Japan, etc. Rare on Coniferae Stocksl Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat, Strawberry
Cabbage. Florida ......0............. .02 to .06 auction sales Grape Broad Leaved Evergreens. Camelias, 50,000 PalmsroooocamphorandCinnamon
Wild Ducks......... ..... .......... .t5 to. .35 regular by offering about in treesRoses. The Greenhouse Department is the largest andmost
the Southern
Rabbits............................... .10 500 crates from Governor's Island per horticulture.complete free.States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to South-
: Squirrels...... ....................... .08 to .10 i Antilla. Our sales will be regular on the ern Catalogue Address P. J. BERCKMANS Augusta Ga. No Agents.
Quail .............. .12# arrival of each of three I
Doves n..................'............... .o6 steamers running
Salsify,per dozen bunches........... .25 to .30 from the Bahamas, that is, the Antilla, Mr. Samuel Means of SOWERS BROTHER &
CO.
son Judge
i Niagara and Santiago, while a little later ,
Means of Evinston was iii town last PITTSBURGH, PA.
New York Markets. our offerings from Florida will commence. ,

Buffalo.-Receipts of pines are light, week, and speaking of the returns for Fruits and Produce
I with extras selling at $20 hundred.
per the cabbage of Gainesville Mi-
Strawberries. crop Receive
and in load
lots
i tell car and smaller
Firsts at $15 to 16 seconds at $13 and
;
Boardman McIntosh Orange quantities all Products of the Orchard.Garden
Lower Maryland 14 to 18; Eastern No. 3s at $8.00 to 9.00 per hundred. canopy, Salry,Hennery and farm.
12 to 16 Norfolk to .. Lake, and the new vegetable line
prime
Virginia ; my Send for our little book"Suggestions to Shippers,"Mtrket
choice, 13 to 14; common to good, 10 to A Good Companion, opened out along the line of the Report,Special References,Stencil,etc.,all free.

12j; NorthCarolina, fancy, 14 to 15; prime Gainesville, Rocky Point and Gulf Inquiries and Correspondence Invited.

'j to choice, 10 to 12; Charleston Hoffman i ever delightful and welcome, is found in railroad, that it had been a most profitable
choice, 16 to 18; fair to good, 13 to 15; I The Youth's Companion, established
poor to fair, 10 to 12.Vegetables.. 1828, yet growing more vigorous each one to the growers, and it had Bradley Redjleld. Eugene B. Redjleld.

year. Its Announcements for the coming brought to the Gainesville bankersover ESTABLISHED l8i.

Imports for the week-Bermuda 32,554 twelve months are well worth read- $300,000, of which H. F. Dutton REDFIELD & SON

crates onions and 400 crates various; ing.The & Co., the Gainesville bankers, had ,

Havana 232 packages various Liverpool remarkable weekly circulation of $200000 most of which
to
; The Companion testifies to the general fully ; was Commission MerchantsAND
1,676 bags Egyptian onions. Monday'sBermuda
steamer will have appreciation of its worth; to the elevated let. Among the particularly fortunate -
22,000 crates
onions. tone of everything it prints, as well as ones were Mr. W. G. Norsworthyof

Receipts Southern produce for the of its interest for boy and girl, father McIntosh\ who cleared in the Fruit Auctioneers,

week include-Pennsylvania railroad and mother, alike. neighborhood of $10,000, while Barry
Those who make the acquaintance of 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pal
17,193 crates cabbage, 13,655 packagespeas The Youth's Companion for the first Bros., of Orange Lake, John :Miller,
3,505 packages beans, 2,527 crates of Evinston with others whose We handle aU kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
tomatoes 680 packages cucumbers 705 time t this year will find it entertaining, either at private sale(which has heretofore been
I and instructive, generous and healthful. names we have forgotten, made a our custom)or by the auction system (recently
1,300 various
boxes packages
asparagus added to our business)as you may desire.
for have receivedits
Those who
; Savannah line 8,850 large and 10,500small many years good year's grub stake with loose
crates; Old Dominion line 2,500crates weekly visits will find in it an old change to throw to the birds.-Ocala
and friend welcome than
true more
,
cabbage, 6,850 packages peas, 2,320 Banner.
radishes and boxes ever.
1,300
packages asparagus To all new subscribers, and to those -44 .
these lines
total by 72,800 pack-
; QUICK WORK
ages against 71,302 last week., renewing their subscriptions, The Companion Mayor Gore brought to town Monday ,
sends free its handsome four-
Beets Florida, per crate, 1.00 to 1.50; some specimens of canaigre In selling and paying for Fruits and Vegetables
Gh'ji 100 bunches page Calendar for 1896. The four sea- shipped to us is our motto. WE
& 4.00 to 8.00
Fla.
t per ; the last of of
sons have been appropriately picturedin planted January, some GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
) Carrots, Fla. & Ch'nper 100 bunches, FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
watercolors, reproduced by lithography the roots of which would measure
2.50 to 4.50. Cucumbers, Florida per BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
7 crate, 1.50 to 3.00. Savannah Ch'n, basket, size of each page 7x10 inches. Ad- over an inch in diameter and six or our 40 years experience without defaulting -
The Youth's 195 a dollar. as to our
Companion Enquire standingand
3.00 to 4.00. Cabbage, Florida, 1.00 to Columbus Avenue Boston Mass. seven inches in length-larger than financial stability which any bank or
1.50; Savannah 1J25 to 1.75; Ch'n, large, most of the old roots brought here for merchants having mercantile reports can .

,r 2.00;'Vakefleld, 1.50 to 1.75N; C. 1.25 to seed last winter. These roots are verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
:'i. 1.50; Norfolk, 1.25 to 1.50. Celery, fancy, Up-to-date Horticul- your name for our quotations. Stencil and
. FLORIDA lands without fertilization
I I tural hand book. Past grown on pine any -
large, per doz. stalks, 75 to 1.00. Egg and present of the cards free. Letters promptly answered.
Florida box 1.00 to 2.50. and and are now only about
plants, fruit Industry. Experience opinion of
per
) String beans, Ch n, per basket, 2.75 to 400 leading of growers.culture. Latest Most recent practice and best three months old. The present indi. : FRENCH & CO.,

3.25 Sav., wax 3.00; flatS.OO; Sav.,round, methods orchard and market with varieties experiencein new and cations are that the root can be grown 116 Warren St New York.
) 2.00 to 2.75; flat, 2.00 to 2.50; Florida, old. Authoritative work by State Horticul- here much more readily and of finer ,,
1 choice, 2.00 to 2.25; prime to good 75 to tural Society. Send $1 for last "Annual," toGROWING ESTABLISHED 1855.f .
H. quality. than at other places where
i 1.25. Squash, Fla., white, per crate, 50 to too :ManvilleFRUIT:

75; yellow, crook neck,basket, 50 to 1.00. 5t. Mary, 1a. tried,-Orlando Reporter.

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316. TIm FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. HAT 16, ', '

,.
WEATHER AND CROPS. rain on 6th sufficient for all to set out the people. Very cool for season ;
-
.0 For week ending May nth. vines; a severe hail occurred in neigh- fires comfortable on 8th.-Hy.

Precipitation borhood damaging corn and vegeta- Crutch er. Oranges
bles on night of 6th. Escambia riveris
The closing days of previous week Orlando-Drought broken ; and so
brought forth fairly copious rains, and on a boom; pear prospect very far as can learn heavy showers have
while not as uniform in distribution as good.-W. H. Trimmer.CrawfordvillePast been pretty general over the county. are heavy feeders of Potash.

could be desired, the benefits there. week broughttwo Rain came in time to save much of Potash exerts a marked influence

from have been great. There was ,fine rains, which was soon taken the corn crop. Orange trees flourishina the and
more uniformity over the Western District up; made wonderful change in all m and truck that was not too far on quality quantity -

where the amounts have been vegetation; lands here stand drouth gone is coming out.-J. M. Rice. of the fruit. Florida soils

such as to cause some streams to over better than any in the State. Crop Emerson-First part of week hot being largely deficient in Pot-

flow. This is particularly true of the prospect flattering.-W. T. Duval. and dry; last half cooler with strong ash, heavy application of a

Escambia river. Sections of the Bradfordville-No rain yet except east winds, damaging crops; cotton fertilizer containing not less
Northern District, especially portionsof small partial showers. Cotton being suffering for rain ; corn fairly well, but
Suwannee, Baker and Madison nicely cleaned; not all up yet; oats not growing; oats'heading out short ; than 12% ofActual .

counties, still complain! of insufficient ripening too fast. Jno. Bradford. no dew ; cisterns dry; wells drying up.

.. moisture. Rainfall seems to have been Pensacola-Plenty of rain; crops -W. J. Clarke.OxfordWeather. Potashshould :

less favorably distributed over the doing well; sweet potato planting; favorable to all

northwest quarter of the North District -I strawberries improving;market glutted crops; cotton and corn looking well ; be made. The best

than any other portion of the with peas; Irish potatoes.-Thos Mc watermelons doing finely; oat crop I. in the state will bear
groves
about
harvested
Millan. and
.
State, and some correspondents state yield very good.W.
A. Sparkman. testimony to these facts.Our .
Northern District
that the week has been unfavorable. :

This is true, however, of only limited Amelia-Light showers and cool Pierson-Light showers past week pamphlets are not advertising: circulars boom. j
tog special fertilizers,but are practical works,contain.
territory. The Central and Southern weather; have beautiful crops. Every have been very beneficial; some sweet lag latest researches on the subject of fertilization,and
Districts indicate the rains potatoes set out corn that has been are really helpful to farmers. They are sent free for
as having t thing looking well, but more rain ; the uki f.
been more favorable, and while some needed.-C. H. Jacques. worked looks well; orange trees growing '\ GERMAN KALI WORKS, '
sections are favored with more copious :McClenny This week ends another i nicely.-C. G. Jones. 93 Nassau St.,New York.

falls, as a whole, the districts are in I 'unfavorable one on the whole McIntosh-Fine rain Wednesday;

fairly good condition, although more | f for crops. Rain has been very partial, since then bright and beautiful weather. Nr-Profit PaJing\

moisture is still demanded. In many much seed in ground too dry to ger Effects of drought serious on all
instances hail accompanied rains, and minate.i The little rain has been fol- crop; blight spreading in tomatoes.I! Stop it

some damage resulted. The passing ]lowed by high winds soon dissipating John H. Bass.GeorgianaThe.
of the rain ( showers week Get our Great Catalogue and Buy
the
period was followed by I moisture. Crops generally poor pmt
Guide. We'll send it for
15
cooler weather with brisk give new life to vegetation. ers
northerly to stands. Gardens nearly burned up -James cents in stamps to pay part postageor
easterly winds, stimulating evaporationand thereby hastening the return of f ]blight general-H. L. Reed.EllavilleDryand Plant City-The few showers we 700 Pages, 12000 illustrations, 40000
unfavorable conditions. had last week and this started crops descriptions everything that's used
hot; some good in life tells what ought to
which are ; you you
booming, corn especially
Temperature showers in some parts of county thefirst ; pay, whether you buy of us or not.
During the greater part of the week part of week. Heavy rain and some orange Stinson. trees growing off fine.-W. One profit from maker to user. Get it.

the has averaged several 1 hail fell around Madison
temperature on the 5th. ;
MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.
degrees below the normal, the departure Corn looking fine; not a good stand 2d Buda-Rain every day since the Originators of the Mail Order Method
was not so marked, however, as to of cotton in some parts of county; all though only moderate showers; 11I-116.Mlcblgan Ave., Chicago.
cause any anxious concern. The week crops well worked.-J. H. Lammons. vegetable world greatly revived; too t
closed with the temperature about four 1lcAlpinFirst part of week hot, early yet to tell actual damage from '"

((4)) degrees in excess of the normal, but from middle to last cooler with drought.-Proctor. t'
with cloudless skies and gentle south northeast winds, and has had bad effect Wildwood-The drought was bro
winds. ken by good rain on Monday\ 4th, also
erly on crops. Still very dry, no rain
CONDITION OF CROPS. in this part of county yet; some little by another Wednesday. Crops grow -- ". .. .

Although no little damage has been in other parts first of week. Fine ing Davis.fast and looking very well.-J. H. Great Freshet in N. Y State.
the result of the continued dry weatherin week for chopping cotton and ,
great
Oviedo-Rain When the "N. Y. Central] tracks
papers
fell here last Saturday reported
some sections being continuousfor deal of it done.-W. B. Black. under water, miles of fences swept away," we sent
nearly two months-the rains of f.| Archer Weather favorable and for first time in six weeks; showers two trusty men to look after the 170 miles of Page on
that line. Report was true, but the Page didn't"sweep"
the closing days of the past week, as crops doing well. :Most of growers. every day since except one;: all l and an order is )just in for 30 miles more.
well as those of the current one, have shipping cucumbers;Irish potatoes cut vegetation greatly refreshed.Birch.Saint See April Hustler.
Leo-Three rains this 'PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian,Mich.
good
caused marked in short
a
change growing by dry weather.-W. C. An- .
vegetation. All crops show a gratifying druss. week. Oat crop harvested; corn looking

improvement The advance i is Switzerland-Two good rains this splendidly; tobacco magnificentand have worked the change. Pineapples

more striking over the western portions week have helped vegetation of all 1 garden truck most promising.- looking well, also other crops.-J. W.
Charles H. :More. Cronk.
.. of the State, where rainfall was kinds; not rain enough to fill the
more general. Corn, cotton, melons ground. Already the surface shows Frost Proof-Rains commencedwith Myers-The drought is now of the
and vegetables look more vigorous, no sign of rain. Weather unusually opening of month and everythingshows past; on 6th there was 0.50 inch of
and are growing rapidly. The dry cool.-W. C. Steele. the effects.-G. W. Porter. rain, while the 6th gave us 3.00 inch-

weather seriously reduced the supplyof Lake Butler-The rain Orange City-Rains have freshened I es. All vegetation looks well and

strawberries in some sections, withan the 6th greatly refreshed heavy all kinds on of everything and vegetation of all kinds much benefitted.-M. M. Gardner.

unsatisfactory output of t matoesand Corn responds to the irrigation.: [orse. ... .
crops. growing nicely.Johs n
Tarpon Springs-Drought still unbroken
other vegetables. The marketare A. King. If any Daytonians want to kill
and all kinds of
ro: better supplied, and with a Central District I vegetation at roaches let them send here for a newly
standstill
: the light showers of
; 7th
good variety. Bad stands of cottonare invented machine. A
Eustis-A good week (for scarcely laid the dust.-C. D. Web newspaper
: reported from some of the northern vegetablesbut ; office here set the trap and caught
: counties in fact this condition is rain came too late for early tomatoes ster.
; very fifty roaches in one night. One trap
,,; generally applicable throughout t the ; will help those now filling out, Earnestville-Have had just one will keep a brood of chickens fat without -
State. In some instances there has not> and give growth and size. Everything inch of rain this week, and all vegetation corn. The trap can be turned '

been sufficient moisture to germinatethe benefited by the nearly inch of rain has much improved. Had some over in the day time and catch all

seed. Where the staple is up it is that has fallen since the 2d. Orange hail with the rain.-I. B. Dobell. the flies in a house.-Deland item in

doing well ; has been worked, and is trees looking well, and Lake county Southern District: Daytona Journal.
free from weather and will soon come to the front as an orange -
grass. Dry excessive : Stuarts Fine
showers
which freshened
George. Leonard, president of
heat of producing district.-H. 'V. 0.
previous weeks forced
Margary. pines and vegetables. Prospectsvery the Watumka Fruit Company, has
r oats to mature too early, and, as a result good.-B. Kitching. this week shipped from Hastings two
o they are not first.class. Peaches 1\Ielbourne-Have been
having
hail
Estero-Heavy storm of The contained
Monday cars cabbages. cars
, dropping, and pear blight seems to be good rains; all vegetation in thrifty
:. condition.-F. H. Fee. on Estero Island; light one here; crops 250 crates each, So cabbages to the
.; .' quite general.CORRESPONDENTS'. suffering greatly for want of rain.-0. crate and each cabbage weighed on an
REMARKS. Zellwood Backbone of F. .
t long Amoreaux. average of five pounds. The vegetables
,',: Western District: 'drought broken. Fine rains on 6th and JupiterThe farmer's mouth were shipped to Boston.-St. Augustine
;G. :<' \Iolino-Another perfect week; fir ic'yth' revived vegetation and spirits of wreathed with smiles; timely rains News.

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WHEN IN NEED OF

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STATIONERY OR BOOKS OF ANY KIND .,



Write to THE DACOSTA PRINTING COMPANY,



Conducting the Business Formerly Known As
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."
4 :>" W11sori, Warde & Co.,

STATIONERS' SUPPLY COMPANY

Commercial and General Stationery.
ALL HEW BOOKS" FOR SALE Omce and Typewriter Supplfes.I fllili STANbARb \VO IS
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:318 THE FLORIDA PAfiMER AND FRUIT-GROwn. MAY 16,

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' .. EVERY FAMILY pound spray made from resin and sal located. The plant louse, to be BUDWOOD-JAFFA, ,Mediterranean HOMOSASSA,Swee CBN-,

soda to be effective in combatting it. killed, must be thoroughly wetted. Old Vini,Magnum Bonum,Maltese Blood, Wash-
THATft
/. reHOULD KNOW ington Navel,Majorca, Nonpareil, Maltese Oval,
o This is cheap, easily made, handy and All truck gardeners should have a Ribbed DuRois.Orange Lake and Eureka, Ge-

effective, and if one is unfortunate in knapsack spray pump, and it wouldbe noa,Lamb, and Sicily Lemons, at $5.00 per 1,000,
or 75C per 100. DuRoi Blood, Blood,
being bothered with the melon louse well to keep the material on hand 'ierce's Ruby. Parson Brown, Amos ,

of the for this as it is also a Mandarin and Royal, Improved, and Seedling
they cannot complain longer preparing spray,
I Pomelos, and Mammoth Shaddock, are|i oo per
,<' lack of a remedy.The good remedy for the red spider and I oo straight. W. K. Trimble, Braidentown,
Manatee County, Fla. S9tfNUltSEltY
combination of sal soda and I certain scale insects."CENTAWORD".

resin to form a resin compound was TKEES-I WILL HAVE 20,000
,
A of the most popular varietiesfor
first.called to my attention by the late COL UMN. delivery this fall and winter. Send in your
orders now, and be sure to get what you want.
R. W. Pierce of Indian Springs, a Jric and
TES.-Twenty words, name and address, s particulars on application. W. K.
member ,of this society, who was at Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla.
one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents Nothing 5-rtf'
one time engaged in the manufactureof i taken for less than 25 cents.
FOB HATCUIXG-FOR THE
.t.! soap. Hearing my paper on the. Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- EGOS of the season, from best strains. Barred

white fly read before the society last paid. Plymouth Rock,only 60 cents per sitting, Mrs.
", Send no stamps larger than two cents. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake, FI,. 5-9-3
when the resin was recommended -
year,
ft remarkable both tot IN. Initials and figures count as one word.
I remedy
very SORREL. SIX, 30 CENTS,
TBJtNAL and EXTERNAL use, and won. as the most effective treatment, he JAMAICA cents, postpaid. Fine for Jelly

icrful in its quick. Action to relieve distress. remembered that a sal soda resin compound and sauce Try it. Tropical Nursery, Avon
n If v !Is a sure cure for core Park Fla. 5-3-3
raMUTLlllCM much cheaper was manufactured -
Throat Couclis, ,
> Chills, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Crumps, and might effective. He "DOn SALE. FORTY ACRE FARBI,
.,;; Cholera,and all Bowel Complaint .' prove .rl Three miles from railroad, splendid Strawberry -
Pain.KllIt rISTnR BEST rem. called my attention to the method of land, Carp pond, etc. Beautiful new
t. |r for eyes manufacture and since I have experimented CARNEY PARSON BROWN dwelling, 2 stories and attic,6 rooms,good stable.
'.. Sickness, Sick Headache, Pain in the GENUINE We can now fill orders for Cheap. Owner leaves State. Address, E. Jaeger,
.' Back or Side,Rheumatism and Neuralgia. with it as a spray for various I the genuine Parson Brown budwood (the Car- St. Joseph. Pasco county Florida.
Is
Pain-Killer EST unqueittontibly LINIMENT. the pests.> I find that a spray of similar ney tree). We owned for several years the famous GENUINE' Nunan, Bersie Cherokee, Colum
Parson Brown tree and budded
MADE It brings speedy and permanent t elIeIn / our groves Michel's Early. Stevens
; all cases of Bruises, Cuts, Sprains, composition has been used by Mr. with budwood from this old tree. Our budwoodthis and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000, S .oo.

.. Severe Burns, Ac. Koeble in some of his experiments in spring is very good. We guarantee every JULIUS SCIINADELBACII Lock Box 4,Grand Bay,
bud send the
Parson
Is the wen tried and we out to be genuine Carney Ala.
PalaKeller. trusted friend of the Oregon and California, but it has not Brown. Address Carney Co. Lake Weir, Fla.

Mechanic, Farmer, Planter, Sailor, and been into 5164BUDWOODHart's LOUISIANA GRASS (PASPALUM PLA-
The
.. in fact all classes wanting a medicine always at brought general use. ) grass for lawns and permanent 1
band,and sale to we internally or externallywith formula I have found the most con- pastures. Sets $1.50 per 1,000 by express; fifty
,- certainty of relief. cents per hundred,postage paid. W.H. POWERS,
". IS RECOMMENDED venient to use, and most effective in Lawtey Fla.BEGGARWEED.

By Physicians,by Mitrionaria, by Nlnitteri,by combatting the melon louse is the j
Mechanic,by Xurses In JfospUalt. SEED, Cc. per pound;
) BY EVERYBODY. following: Tardiff, Dancy Tan- over,5C.; by mail,150. W.
H. MANN, Mannville Fla. 4-n-6
D* in Kl.l1 Is Medicine Chest Inraillm ResIn.............e..8 poundsSal Sweet, Malta Blood and ,
r l eJ:;. few vessels from nine old trees.
'" ana Leonardy Pomelo year
Soda (crystaline .......4
j leave port without a supply of it. ) pounds No white fly or red scale In this locality. Cy- T1UDWOOD.--GRAFEFRUIT and PAR-
jjy No family can afford to be without this Water to make..5 gallons rus W. Butler, St. Petersburg, Fla. -l63.WANTED. JD SON BROWN, 75c. per hundred ; 93 per
,..: invaluable remedy In the house. Its price brings thousand. Also young orange trees. H. HARRISON -
It within the reach of all, and It will annually Place the resin and sal soda in a A :MAN TO TAKE HALF Dade City, Fla. 4-4-3
.
save many times Its cost In doctors'bills.
in farm for
kettle with Strawbeny another
Beware of imitations. Take none but tha comparatively large one )
genuine "PJEBKY >J.V1&1I1ielon of season at St. Thomas near San Antonio, Pascq T> U D W O O D.--EIGIITY THOUSAND
quart water; bOll, meanwhile stir- County. Twenty acres in fine shape. D Hart's Tardiff, Ruby, St. Michael King,
ring briskly till the resin and sal soda Address, M. Wever, St. Leo, Pasco county, Tangerine and Pomelo. J. W. & F. D. WAITS,
Plant Lonse. Florida. 5-2-2 Magnolia Grove and Nurseries, Belleview, Fla.
are thoroughly melted together and 3-28tfFOR
COLONY FOR JAMAICA. Who will
Professor H. Webber's article Form a frothy mixture without lumps. A join? Good government. Rich soils. Finest SA L E-.nlPEltIAL DWARF
J. on Now add four gallons of cold water climate in the world. Cheap lands, good trans- Suckers, !85 per 100,8.t0 per 1000,
'.:'?:: this subject, in the proceedings of the portation. .5co or more necessary. AU citrus f.: o. b., cash with order. H. H. WILKINSON,
pouring it in rather slowly, with short and tropical fruits grow to perfection. Only Rockledge, Fla. 3-21-301.
j' State Horticultural Society, has a those who mean business need apply. H. G.
intervals between avoid
. timely value and interest. to chilling the Burnett,Avon Park, Fla. 5-2-2 STRAWBERRY PLANTS.--NOW IS ;
mixture too suddenly. When all the good runners. I have 100-
The most serious disease with CAYENNE PINEAPPLE 000 Alabama Newmans and 5000 Clouds '
water is added,_ bring_ to a boil,.then SMOOTH from large fnr'ting plants now cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS, Lawtey,
which the melon grower ot Flondaor out the hot solution growing at our Modelo Park pit ery. Ready for Florida. 3-7-4 j
pour straining delivery in July by the 100, 1,000 or 10,000. Also
the has contend is that
to
( South) through a coarse cloth, adding suffi- fine AbbaVa and Golden Queen suckers. Write for T3UDWOOD FOR SALE-Drake Point
produced by the plant louse (aphis prices. Orlando Grape and Fruit Company. C. JJ Grove.-Now is the time to order and be
cient water to make five gallons of the S. Van Houlten,Treas., Orlando,Fla. 52BUDDING ready for the first flow of sap. Get it from bud-
Gossypii). This is a small green bug .solution. This, if correctly made ded, bearing trees, fifteen to eighteen yean old.
TWELVE YEARS EXPE- The following varieties on hand; Parson Brown,
about the sixteenth of inch
(fly?) an
forms a thick syrup solution c-f a dark Work; guaranteed. No. i references. Harris,Cunningham Phares Sanford's Mediterranean -
\ long, which infests the lower surface .brown translucent color which Large contracts preferred. Charges rea ,Jaffa, R Riverside Navel Drake Star. We
may sonable. W. M. Shockley, Fellowship, Fla. it also have a limited supply 01 large Grapefruitbuds.
of the melon leaves. Sometimes they be kept as a stock preparation. For Prices of above varieties, $5 per thousandor

are in great numbers and thicklycover FROM EIGHTY-SIX SORTS 75 cents per hundred delivered.; Address
use dilute the whole mixture to fifty i BUDS True to name. Ready after middleof DRAKE POINT GROVE, Yalaha, Lake County.

the lower surface of the leaves.If gallons, or in the proportion of )Depart May. Send for list and prices. Reasoner Florida"___ _a-15-yn 3"

only a few occur on the leaf they of the stock solution to nine Bros., Oneco, Fla. 5-2-6 FOR SALE for cash.time or tiade,orange groves,
and timber lands. E. RUMLET, Keuka,
will usually be found on or near the parts of water. Always thoroughlystir NASSAU ORANGE AND PINEAPple Fla. 3-n-i6t
land for sale. Frost impos
midrib, or some large lateral vein of the stock solution before measur- sible. Labor cheap. Fifty acres deep red soil in j10R SALE, 100,000 CHOICE TOMATO
the leaf, which somewhat conceals large or small lots. On high road four miles 1i 1
ing out to dilute. The cost of this Plants,Livingston's Beauty mostly,at fi.oo
from cash
town. 825 acre. |io balance in
per f. b. Plants six to twelve inches
and them. The leaves perthousand o.
protects are wash based three H. B. Post Office box, No Nas-
on prices quoted by Jack- years. 54 high. Cash with order. TUB ELOISE FRUIT
variously curled and contorted by the sonville and New York firms, is only sau.- Apply. early. 5-2-3 AND VEGETABLE Co.. Winter Haven Fla. tf

action of the pest and the vitality HOUND PUPS FOR SALE, FIRST
one-sixth of a cent per gallon for the FOX EXTRA CLEANED BEGGAR-WEED
and productiveness of the plant are English strain of blood from Imported .-Sow from six to ten pounds per acre.
diluted solution. The mixing of the Stock suitable for deer hunting. Price. $5 each. Forty cents per pound, postpaid; ten pounds or
frequently reduced. The pest some- formula for five gallons of the stock Apply H.J. Tiffin, Courtenay, Brevard county over, f. o. b., twenty-five cents per pound. Write "
Fla. 523HOW for prices on large quantities to EXCELSIOR SEED
times entire
runs
through an patch
.
solution as above usually requires TO MAKE CHEAP FEED FOR FARM Edgar, Putnam County, Fla. a-8-tf
and if unchecked will almost totally about minutes. and keep them healthy. Receipt,
twenty-five :Much 25 Fan SALE Two Leon county farms 480 acres
destroy it. It is not only the melon time be saved cents. Como Kennels, Lake Como, Fla. 5-2-3] 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
'
may by mixing a large
tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson.Jacksonville,
of Florida that suffer from
growers quantity at once. The materials for SALE. FORTY ACRES SPLEN- Fla. 8-24-tf
this but also those of FOR pine land. Twelve acres mostly bear
pest Georgia
preparing this wash may be obtainedin out CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
sprouting
ing orange grove, now very nicely.
South Carolina and all Southern small quantities in town .but Good wire fence. On Lake Kersey, south i# Parson Brown. Stark's Seedless,
any miles from San Antonio Depot. Fifteen acres Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff Grape Fruit,
States. retail prices are too high if it is to be splendid Strawberry land. Well of good water. Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,

This louse attacks also Address, Geo.T.Davis, St Leo, Fla. 523REASORER such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St Michael, !
i : same plant used extensively. The resin com- Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L. ;

) number of other when diluted Duncan, Manager Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries -
a plants, among pound, ready for appli-- Dunedin, Fla. 8.17-tt.
Send for Annual Descriptive _
4 which may be mentioned cotton and cation, forms a dirty, brownish, white r t R 4 CATALOGUE, deal on wire netting. Prices cut in 1

the orange. On the orange they in- mixture. It should be applied to A $ newlyissuedandrevised.C ANEW. We pay freight. Write for our fates

fest the under side of the leaves oC plants as a fine spray. The handiest f i g It needed contains by the everything Horticuf price-list. E. W Amsden,Ormond, Fla. 7-i-tft ;

young tender shoots and water sprouts apparatus for making the applicationis h turist PLANTS and and plant-lover TREES for,. IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres, to years set 1
1 : in other fruit trees etc.
50 ,
sometimes causing considerable damage a knapsack; spray pump with a very Orchard, Window Lawn For sale at a sacrifice. Address"1'," The Palms,

On cotton and the orange, the morel nozzle. The spray should not ,,,,,! collection or Greenhouse to select Largest from Lane Park.Lake County. Fla 4 z-9m

remedy here given for its treatment be thrown down onto plants, as this in the South. TO: MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like a
BROTHERS. ONF.CO, FLA Bowler's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor
on the melon will answer equally will not hit the pests. The nozzle ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For

well. I have made a number of experiments must be turned on one side, givingthe particulars 1 -13-tf, write E. W.Ant)den, Ormond, Fla.

in'treating this pest at Eus- spray a horizontal direction turns
Brahma, Barred Plymouth Rock and :'
lis, Grand Island; Gainesville and the leaves and saturates the lower LIGHT Turkey Eggs for hatching, $z.oo per :. I

,_ Ocala, and have found a resin com- surfaces where the little pests are AURORA Jt CHtGO 0 t setting. Mrs. C Gomp-trts,Lady Lake, Fla.J-s8- 'a&F ; I

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I' OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

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& SAVANNAH LINE


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G. M. SORREL, Manager..

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t 39'; The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as 4 r 5- 5 5 5 4
1 follows : -

tj NEW YORK TO SAVANNAH. .

' Pier 35, North Biver-3 P. :M.

I City of Birmingham. ...........................................................Saturday, May 2. \\4 It.
Nacoochee ................................ .... ........................Tuesday May 5. \' 1 f, ; ,
Kansas City...........-.......................................... ................Thursday, May 7. O
If City of Augusta .... .... ................................. ....... .......... ..... Saturday, May 9. q t to .V
,t; City of Birmingham.. ...... ....... .... ........................ ............. ..Tuesday May 12.
Nacoochee ...... ............ ...._ .......... ............................ ........ Thursday, May 14. .
Kansas City..............................................'................ ...... Saturday May 16.
City of Augusta ...... .............................. ..................... ...... Tuesday, May 19. ((9r.JI' oi47iie
City of Birmingham ................. .................... ... ............. Thursday,May 21. : /( \
Nacoochee......... ......... ............................. ... .................. Saturday, May 23. .
Kansas City......... ...................................... ....................... Tuesday, May 26. .
; City of Augusta .................................. .. ...... ............... ..... Thursday, May 28.
City of Birmingham..... .................... ......... .....................Saturday, May 30.
; G. M. SORREL Manager, New Pier No.35 North River. SAFETY COMFORT! RATES!

BOSTON TO SAVANNAH. I tyUlVJUL J. J.UJ..LJIFinest

Lewis'a Wharf-3 P. M. Cuisine and Service.' No Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.

Chattahoochee (Direct to Savannah)...... .... ...................................Thursday, May 7.
Gate City (calling at Philadelphia)........ ... .................................... Thursday, May 14. The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers: ,
Chattahoochee (( calling Philadelphia! ) ..... ........................... .......Thursday, May 21.
Gate City(Direct to Savannah) .. ............... .................... .........Thursday, May 28. "Comanche" (new), "Algonquin" Iroquois,". "Cherokee "Scminole'
I RICHARDSON 8t BARNARD,Agents, :Lewis's Wharf.
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PHILADELPHIA TO SAVANNAH. .
NORTHBOUND.
Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. .
STEAMER: Steamers are appointed to sail according to'the tide.
Gate City (passenger and freight).............. .........................Saturday, May 2,6 p. m. .
City of Macon (freight only)......... ........ ............................Saturday, May 9, 3 p. m. Prom JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston), .. ......m.....Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursday*
Gate City (passenger and freight)......................... ............ .... Saturday, May 16, 6 p.m. Erom CHARLESTON, S. C.................... ..... ............ ......Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.
City of Macon (freight only) ............ ................. ."...... ....Wednesday, May 2o, 3 p. m. papers
Chattahoochee (passenger and freight) .......... .....n............. Saturday, May 23, 6 p. m. For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily
City of Macon (freight only). .. ...................... ... .... ............Saturday, May 3o,3 p. m SOUTH BOUND. .
M. C. HAMMOND Agent, 13 South Third Street.
Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. For CHARLESTON, S. C., .................. ...................... ...Mondays, Wednesdays and Fr.da)'..
t Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston).. ......... ......Mondays. Wednesdays and Fr days
r Nacoochee... .. Thursday. April 30, 7.00 p. m. City of Birmingham..Sat'day, May 16, 7.00 p. m.
Kansas City....... .Saturday, May 2, 8-,00p.m. Nacoochee..... .... .Tuesday, May 19,8.00 p. m.
: City of Augusta.....Tuesday, May; 1230 p.m. Kansas City .... Thursday,May 21,9.00 p. m.
City of Birmingham.. Thursday, May 7, 8 p. m. City of Augusta .. Saturday May 23, 2.30 p. m. CliYOE'S:> ST. JOflfiS tIVEt lflE
Nacoochee ...........Saturday, May 9, 3-30 p. m. City of Birmingham.Tuesday,May 26,-4 co p.m.
Kansas City....... Tuesday May 12, 5.00 p. m. Nacoochee .........Thursday, May 28, 6.30 p. m. ,
City of Augusta ....Thursday, May 14,6.00 p.m. Kansas City...... ..Saturday,May 307.00 p. m. DE BARY LINE.

SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Jacksonville, Falatka, San ford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
Central ((900 Meridian) Time-as below. Landings on the St. Johns Rive .

Gate City.............Thursday, May 1,2 p.m'l I( Gate City.......... Thursday, May 21, J2.00 noon The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer '...
I Chattahoochee .....Thursday,May 14. a. | Chattahoochee ....Thursday.May 28, 7.00 a. m.

SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. "Oltv of Jacksonville,"

Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville, Sundays Tuesdays and Fridays at 3.30 p. m., and
r City of Macon.Wednesday, May 6, J.OO p m'l I I City of Macon...Wednesday, May 27, 6.00 a. m from Sanford on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 13.50 p. m.
City of Macon ....Sunday, May 17, 7 oo a. |
W. H.ARNOLD, G.T. P. A., WAITER: HAWKINS, Fla. P. A., W. J. FARRELL, Sol. Agt. SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE: NORTJlBOUND.1.
Florida.C. .
Jacksonville Read Down. Read Up.
ANDERSON AGENT. J. P. BECKWITH. G. F. & P. AGENT Leave m. ...... ...................Jacksonville ............ ... ...... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
Savannah, Ga. Pier 35, North River, New York. u 330 ts.4S p. m..................... .... Palatka.................... ...... Leave 9.00 p. m.
1& a.p m. .......................... ... .Astor... ........................ 4.oop.m .
3.00 a m. .................... ......... st. Francis........................ II 2.30p.m. :
\ W. A. HOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. j. B. BOURS. ...... ..4.30. ...... .. .......................... Beresford...........__......... .II. 1.30 p.m.
Arrive 8.30 a. m. .............. ...... .... Sanford.........-. .......-- -... 9.008. m.
II a. m. ................... .... Enterprise................ ... ........ 9.30 *. m,
...... ...9.25.. .... ... t I.....................:.o. Fla. R. R. Wharf.... ............... u 11.00 a, m.
r WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.

General:Passenger and Ticket Office. 204 West Bay St., Jaoksonville.


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers A.J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green New York.
M. U. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGEIt, Traffic Manager 5 Bow g-Green, New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St, Jacksonville, Fla.
aa WEST BAY ST., .JACKSONVILLE, PLA. foot Street,Jacksonville Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent Hogan -
k J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville, Fla. 4

We Handle Only the Best and :Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gtenl. Agents,

19 South Delaware Avenue. Philadelphia. B Bowline Green, New York.
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE' ,



STATS AGENTS.FOR PURE GROUND BONE AND
GARDEN FIELD SEEDS

Tggert-Allen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA


Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, Jff-Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for raj price-list of Field and Garden Seed'J

i.ooo bushels Texas Red Rust-prootOats.,75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or :Lucerne 25 cents per
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.FERTILIZER.: SULPHATE POTASH, pound; Rescue Grass 30 cents per pound. ,


Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, Etc P. F. WilSON SEEDSMAN

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GAINESVILLE FLORIDA.
k. Bend for Catalogue free. .

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_,'.::: THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.: -, MA? iG t .



!" FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS' SUPPLIES. .


4 ESTABLISHED 1875.



:.. FERTILIZERS ti = _

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-- GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the -

., J, requirements and_perfect mechanical condition, in
-: strong, handsome Hags, which don't rot. -
2 *The cheapest brand for the quality in the _
.r market. Cottonseed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural
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: INSECTICIDES.L L\

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.rrta superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the ,, ; ". ,
fungus growth.

: Pure THE COCCIDICIDE 1 '

"._;.f.. Animal 1 certain destru&ion to the AleyrodesCitri(White Plyand) other : }
Matter JnfliesofScaleatallperiodsoftheirdevelopment. Fatal to the '' ,
z' ide r.and other insets affeEting Pineapples and Vegetables. :! (, '!
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SPRAY AND GENERAL! PURPOSE PUMPS I


l Rubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of list best makes, at" 1,4., '/ l tIfU. rl
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Manufacturers Prices. tOCK

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r DIPERIAL PLOWS AND CULTIVATORS,
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.
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.. THE BEST HADE
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.*_ fiu YE1{$ .SPRAY P with ,' .

:... :.. c J. V J. PIPE EXTENSION .



I : E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla. il




k ;!' An experiment crimson clover,after was made from Australia,but only thirty- Californians have come to the conclu- Florida clover or cow peas are the
.- several failures, succeeded by planting it two of the number arrived alive. A cargo sion that canaigre can be grown profita- best fertilizer mixtures.
G where a previous: .crop bad been heavily of hpney from the same source broughtsome bly only OB soil that is good for nothingelse. 1
r'r' fertilized with potash. 'Mr.:Massey,of the $SO a ton, but when expenses were It is to be hoped that experiments The seed is what exhausts the vital
l North Carolina Experiment Station, sug- paid it netted the shippers but about..$22 now being made in Florida will not resultin ity. Large fruit has no more seeds
gests that bad the clover field been heavy a ton,or a little more than a cent a pound. like conclusions. It will be well to go than small. Thin out the pears and
f y fertilized with potash in the first place Better have been kept the other side of slow and prove by small areas of the peaches.To .
: a heavy crop of clover would have fur- the'equator. plant whether it ia the equal of hog and
: nished a bountiful crop of fodder and left hominy, chickens and eggs or general grow quinces successfully in the
the land fully fertilizedwith all the plant One of the greatest boons the govern- garden stuff. South mulch the ground under the
food necessary for a succeeding crop of ment could confer on the people wouldbe Ditto of ramie.

potatoes or cereals. In the South the suggestion a cheap parcel post for packages of fouror tree.The peach never produces fruit but
L : would apply to cow peas and beggar six pounds at a cost not to exceed 3
r weed-the Southern farmer's clover. cents a pound. Express charges, where A constitutional amendment for the once on the same wood. The fruit
.. l" A planting in May or June will give the they do not come in competition with election of senators by the people direct buds are all on last year's growth of
t 10. .. .. fodder crop, and a well fertilized field for the mail, are at the maximum rate of will meet with favor by the people after wood.
l" corn or potatoes the next season. Crim- years ago, while nearly everything elseis such scenes as those in the Kentucky
son clover is of doubtful utility in theSouth reduced to an average cost of less than Legislature and other States and the recent Think twice, and sleep over it, before
and West Give! it an experimentaltrial : one-half. acts of numerous occupants of seats making a debt. Time is money,
with plenty of potash, but make sure # in the U. S. Senate, who have no merit therefore spend the time you are in-
of....fodder. on.crops you know will succeed. but their money, and without which
Every year farmers and horticulturistsmore could not have been elected. clined to use in going fishing or at the

Y .. It is not in good form for fertilizer and more are buying their nitrogen, they !* corner grocery in some needed im
manufacturers to write down stable manure phosphoric acid and potash and mixing provement about the farm or home.
their fertilizers themselves The of strawberries from the
shipments
or applying
muck or green manuring. The Industrious habits will become if
more of home made manures that can begot them Separately in proportion as experience South, particularly from Louisiana, dur- easy
into the soil the better for chemical has indicated the land and crop de- ing the month of April have been excep- followed.
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fertilizers as a of bacteria and mand, and at a saving of from 25 percent tionally large. Eight to ten cents a quart The cow, hog and, hen are the chief
nursery and sometimes more in first cost and freight from Florida,commissions,and an
for mechanical effect With
farm
they are indispensable factors on a well regulated r
freight: A good floor, a shovel and seive occasionally spoiled shipment, hardly ,
are all that is needed to be your own leave a price obtained in the home market : a good family garden they make the

L A ship load of some 300 beeves on foot manufacturer. chief living of the family. .


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