Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00078
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 9, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00078
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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;Poweri,Editor JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MAY 9, 1896. Whole No. 1-122 Vo NEW,, VIII.SERIES. i 9 1

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TRIFOLIATA Before buying your Nursery Stock,investigate and know what you ale getting. Know that
on you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer.

A Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. THE POMONA NURSERIESare

Over 300 Varieties of .i.; the most Extensive in the State and ofler all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums, Pears 1
Japan Persimmons, Grapes,Figs,Mulberries,Apricots,Almonds, Satsuma and other Oranges and
Fruits and Ornamentals.Peaches
Demons on both 4
Pears, Plums, Persimmons, Nuts, Grapes, Roses, etc. ORANGE and TRIFOLIATA STOCKS. ,

Over: 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs,etc
NO AGENTS. Catalogue for 1896. An Up-to-date Horticultural Hand-Book free on application.

ST. MARY NURSERIES. It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
'.. Write for Catalogue and any infol oration wanted,

G. L. TABER, GLEN ST. MARY, FLA. W. D. GRIFFING Macclenny, PROP., I, Ia. '

i- : -



We manufacture them 8and 10-frame, of selected kiln-dried Yellow Pine, and
sell at a low figure. .

your supply now and make sure of it. PRICES: One pound by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds, 1 Get our prices before North and
$1.50. By express or freight not prepaid, 25 cents per pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds; sending paying heavy freight bills.
in 200 pound lots and above,20 cents per pound.
Seed free from stems,leaves and trash. mail,
ROUGH BEGGAR'I'EED ,*S cents per pound; 4 pounds,95 cents. By express E. E. CONVERSE ,
IV or freight,not prepaid,in any quantity, 15 cents Manager. Ocala, Florida.
!. per pound.


". ...Send for our Illustrated INTERLACHEN Catalogue. FLA. Grocers and Commission MerchantsDEALERS


Acknowledged superior all other materials used .,
RAFFIA, never for similar saw it,purposes.get a sample Sold and by quotations.the pound. If you Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,

r I""" .. -FOR. TYING. BUDS,. AND.- GRAFTS. .. ".." .T..HOMASMEEH.AN.- -' .-&. '.80..- N.S.G.erm.an..to.w.---,,.,....., ,-.-_ ---.. ,.,-.n."-"Pa.,'>---, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. _. "

Jacksonville: Florida. .

Peas PeasU .. ..

" MANONGAIIEI.A RyP.2 00 CABINET BOURBON .. ........... .
ORANGE VALLEY........... ...... ...... 200 J. MARTINRYE..............:..._?......$6 oo
t SPRING VALLEY........ ................. 250 VIRGINIA GLADES....................... 300
Clays, Unknown, and Whippoorwills) SOc per bushel.] Lady Fingers and BALTIMORE CORN....................... 2 oo OLD BOURBON.................... ...?.. 4 00 00 J
Black Eyes at $1.00 ]per bushel. Pearl Millet, 12%c. per pound. Beggar NORTH CAROLINA CORN... ............. 250 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH................ 5 .
Weed lOc. per pound. CLIFTON CLUB........................... 300 OLD BAKER......... ...................... 5 500 00
> MONTROSE VELVET RYE..........-...... 6 oo I
: witl keep Chickens Clean,25c.a package.
+r IflmbePPS. OSSlh 1 ID LICE, INTERNATIONAL STOCK FOOD keeps JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, ?5c. Remit by post-office
, stock healthy and sates feed,sec.per box. money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O, D. Remit with order.A .
,... L. CAMERON\ Seedsman, complete price-list Groceries ,and Wine List,sent free on application.

;. Jo.olcaorrvll.le, FlorId.a.. .. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO...
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290 \

f1t1r FtOfctfcA PAKifEB Aft)> nbtT-GJ1oW1m. -- MAC 9,





:"- Orange Tree, Fruit and Vine, Vegetable, Pineapple, Tobacco, &c1

\Ve wish to emphasize the fact that we make ,
hag pade goods only. The
We have
State is being flooded just now with new brands of low-grade fertilizers steadily refrained from making any such goods, although the per

ufactured for the hard times man- tnfag of profit would be very much larger than it is on our high-grade fer-
emergency, arising from the freeze of last winter. | tilizers. ;

These Cheap Goods, of the Poorest Materials
and Bad
be Injurious to the Planter.
They cannot permanently improve his lands. The results
produced will I cultivate
not be so good, either in quantity or quality, in flavor or in I a less acreage and use only the best manures. You can make a good
That all the qualities crop,with strong plants, with much less labor than can
covers points where the profits in. you coax along a poor
come It will better
to and
pay sickly lot, and the money results will be far better.

The Mapes Company Use Only the Best
Materials and in Forms which are the Results of the

Experience of Nearly Half a Century and of Continuous and Costly Experiments.

which The materials are subjected to a special process, of their own discovery, Send for a copy of testimonials from thirty of the
causes a chemical change, and are mixed for months before or forty best-known
They go through the assimilation in heaps that must otherwise take barreling. growers in the State as to the results of the use of our Vegetable Manure for

in the ground when they are freshly mixed. When shipped they are ready place for follows the year: 1895. Mr. L. Dozier, our agent at Ocala, writes June 10, 1895 as

.. the immediate consumption of the plant and that is
why they produce I
from crops been your Agent for five and the
ten to fifteen days earlier than home-made or fresh mixtures will do. years, only complaint I hav>
They make vigorous plants that will stand drouths far better than those sold ever from those who used your goods in my district was that they are

' grown with poor materials in poor forms. Common strictly for cash, while all the others can be bought on long time. In my
sense teach
must that
and we have had a great many testimonials on that point. us judgment State." if they were all put on the same basis Mapes' would sweep the



The :Mapes Company made no bad debts by the freeze and have
losses to make no goods. On the other hand, they have have been able to make reduc
up by increasing their profits I a large
or the
reducing standard of their tion in the price of them this year, and at the same time keep up their standard.



Which has had most wonderful
success in
Pennsylvania and
Connecticut in producing Choice
S Write for a Tobacco Pamphlet. Wrappers that have brought exceptionally High Prices.

GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Tobacco Ammonia. Photphric Acid.
Mapes' Manure Potash
Florida Brand . . . . 5 to 6. 4 to 5. 6 to 7.


The Mapes" Fruit Orange and Tree Vine, in, 2oolb." bbls., f.II o.b. Jacksonville" per"ton, $37.00 Here is the record of the official analysis of their manures for the year

1895 at the Florida
H 39.00 Experiment Station :
Vegetable, (I "
40.00 Ammonia. Avail. Phot.Acid. Total Phoa. Acid. Pow,".
Pineapple, II Orange! Tree , 4.67 7.46 11.22 3.81

"Tobacco, II 3. Fruit and Vine . 3.04 7.06 9.65 11.47

38.00 Vegetable . . 5.91 7.84 10.22 5.68
NITRATES J5ST For any further information. writeSULPHATE

;: AMMONIA, J. $. TYSEtf flgefit

GROUND BONE, Foot of Ocean Street,

FERTILIZERS. i [From New Enland Homestead,Dec.28,1800'] of all three ingredients. It is the concerns that methods for
IMPORTANT TO USERS OP! FER- have capital invested in plants that are most tive determining approximately the rela-
Prof. E. B. Voorhecs, Dire&* or of the New Jersey TILIZERS. likely to remain in the business,and are the ones pages availability is given a report the,and work on done subsequent
State Experiment: Station,in the"Rural New that in the long run are likely to look well to the past year on this point during
Shyster concerns that manufacture all sorts of their reputation, for they have more at stake.
Yorker. in "While various inferior
June i
1895 an exposure of a soy : Another or agriculturally] worth
materials, and put their goods on the market in point that strengthens this caution is less forms of
nitrogen are m the market
called "cheap" fertilizer sold in all that in most States the the
Philadelphia, sorts of conditions, in order to get some of the analyses of fertilizers are main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers
says: "In the purchase fertilizers,many farmers trade of old-established and reliable firms,are as not made until after the spnng trade U over. is in dealing with firms which have an established
are still guided by price per ton rather than trades.characteristic of the fertilizer trade as of other "VALUATION" OF FERTILIZERS.They reputation,and in avoiding 'cheap' goods
Any one who puts out a fertilizer offered by irresponsible "
the amount and parties. -Page
by of 39.
of quality the plant-food fur- get it officially analyzed at the Experiment Stations Fall to Determine the Quality of
nished, hence pay anezorbitant price per poundfor and it appears in their reports, but the Oooda-.-Established Repatatlon the Preparations of Leather.
the constituents. A low price per ton does fanner does not know whether the concern is reliable Main Security to the Purchaser. AI hu been proved abundantJyby experIment
or not. The Connecticut leather,whether in its untreated state Iteamd;
,in its
annual [Extract from
not always mean a cheap product; it frequentlymeans report for '95, just out. emphasizes the fact Agricultural Annual Report of the Connecticut or toasted, and pulverized, baa no value as a
an expensive one for the legitimate ex" that iu buying mixed fertilizers farmers must Johnson, Director Experiment Station (Prof. S. W. fertilizer. The State fertilizer law wisely forbids
),for Year
penses of preparation,shipment and sale are pro- rely to a great extent on reliable dealers,and says: cember, 1805 ] 1895. Issued De- its use in any form as an ingredient of commercial
"The fertilizers without
portionately much greater for low-grade than for is in security dealing of with purchasers firms which of mixed h8an fertilizers These valuations,it must be remembered are of the fact, such certificate explicit to printed be conspicuously certificate
high-grade goods. Farmers should remember, established reputation,and in based on the assumption that the nitrogen,phosphoric ffixed to every package,' etc.
first,that nitrogen phosphoric acid and avoiding 'cheap'goods add and potash in each fertilizer "
potash offered by irresponsible are The materials on which the following analyses

are the only constituents of direct parties. The readily available to farm Chemical
fertilizing value caution is certainly needed,wten than crops. : exam- were made were used in vegetation experiments
and mixtnres containing all of these more one- ination can show pretty conclusively whether
In good
third of the nitrogenous to be described on following pages.
forms cannot be secured for a low price superphosphates sold in this is true in respect to potash. There i* less "4565.
per ton, Connecticut do not furnish, in aU respectts,all Ground leather,imported from England
unless they are contained in small amounts certainty regarding: phosphoric acid,while chem for
very ; the manufacturers for them. Out of use as a cheap 'ammoniite' in mixed fertilisers.
and second, that the expenses of handling are six brandst twenty-one are below seventy I examination, as it is usually made, Oivci The method of manufacture it unknown.
quite as great for'make manufact I little or no clue at to the of
; weight'as foi materials urers'minimum guarantee in of I avaUabQUu the It is a brownish black powder, in appearance
of .' respect one in- organic nitrogen of
value gredient,five in respect of and mixed goods. This Station resembling dried blood. When pulverized
two one in has it
respect for
xen some:Drears in "
engaged a study ol emits an odor of beniine. Page*'>.

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'i' ORANGES IN ONE YEAR. those close to the graft, were lopped I sisted from cultivation they began to With his own grove of 62 acres and

over and weighted down to prevent fourish and have flourished ever others in his charge he cares for about
Bearing Trees Grown Prom the them from overshadowing the grafts. since. 120
Ground in Twelve Months. acres.THE
This was done to preserve as much Nature does not plow or harrow- STETSON GROVES.

During the recent meeting of the breathing for the old roots as possible.The nature only mulches. He follows her Mr. E. Winter is the manager for

State Horticultural Society, several of sweet trees were not cut down example by collecting all the wood Sir. John B. Stetson of Philadelphia,
the best known orange growers in the but were left to themselves during last and vegetable matter within reach and who has a winter residence and 650
State called at our office, and we improved season. No budding was done last piling it under the trees in circles acres of orange groves at DeLand.In .
the occasion to obtain their year; this year some buds have been about twenty-five feet in diameter- addition to his paper given elsewhere .
personal experiences and views. They inserted where grafts failed or were logs roots brush leaves weeds
some facts were obtained from
are given in the order in which they overlooked last year, but the main briers, pine straw. Before the trees him in the course of a brief conversa

were taken down.A part of the sweet trees will not be come into bearing all this trash rots tion. He is under instruction to restore

GROVE AT ZELLWOOD. budded at all. The sprouts budded down pretty much out of the way of all or about all of Mr. Stetson's

Mr. B. H. Alden is the manager of were bent over as above described. the picking ladders; it forms humus, groves. Some errors were made last

the grove of about a thousand trees RESULTS.' keeps the soil covered, cool and mel season by not going down deep

owned by Mr. J. Laughlin, Jr., of The sweet roots, not being budded, low. The orange roots feed greedilyon enough to find perfectly sound, live
Jones & Laughlin, a steel firm of Pitts- sent up shoots from ten to fifteen feet the debris and not one of them is wood on which to insert grafts. Some a-
burg, Pa. This gentleman owns a high last season, sometimes reaching ever severed or mutilated. Mr. losses have been suffered from the
winter residence and a park of 56 almost to the top of the old trees. :Mr. Adams uses commercial fertilizers and ravages of wood lice, probably becausethe

acres, including the grove, on which Adams does not fear excessively long- potash salts, but not in definite quan- dead wood was not pared away
every winter there are from twenty to shanked trees as a result-for an or- tities; he applies them according to low enough down on the stump, or the
thirty men employed steadily. He is ange tree not meddled with by man his judgment of the needs of the stump was not sufficiently covered up.

not at all discouraged as to orange will never produce a long, naked trees. His photographs of the trees grown
culture, and has spent money lavishlyto trunk as a permanent growth. In the IN BERMUDA GRASS. since the freeze were specially inter-

0 restore the trees and improve the extraordinary luxuriance of its growth In one section of the grove there is esting. As stated by him the pomelotree

grounds. under the abnormal circumstances, it Bermuda grass and the roots of this has seventy fruits on it and most
4' After the trees died they were cutoff may throw up a stem like a stalk of occupy about the same depth of soil of them will doubtless persist, because
about shoulder high, and treated cane, but in subsequent seasons the which the orange roots prefer. But they are already as large as plums.
with two or three pounds of nitrate of life-force of the tree will set itself to no serious conflict seems to occur, except -, The orange tree covered with bloom
9 soda, cultivated and sprig-budded (or the work of completing the symmetry in the case of an unusually pro- was photographed two months ago ;
bark grafted) in June, several inches by throwing out lateral branches clearto longed drouth, when the orange it will probably not retain as much of
t below the surface and on the tap-root the ground. The tree has an in- leaves here roll somewhat more than : its fruit as will the pomelo. Such results

-: whenever practicable. All the best eradicable instinct to protect Its trunk. elsewhere in the grove. The Bermuda are simply wonderful. .

sprouts were also shield budded at the The limbs. will droop down from grass fairly riots in this mass of! H.H
same time, several on a tree, without above. If it has become so old and vegetable mold; it grows nearly knee- Bearing Grove Near Jacksonville.Mr. .

any limit as to number, to allow of a the bark so thick and hard that young high directly under the orange trees. H. K. Fuller, of Apopka, coun-

choice of the best for permanent re buds cannot force themselves throughit But it is an air-feeder, its mass of fol- ty commissioner. from this district, was
tention. Some of these grafts inserted sprouts will come up from the iage is continually decaying and it in Orlando last week en route home
deep formed trees last year nine ground; to shield the unnatural naked- apparently returns to the soil and to from Jacksonville. He tells a remark-

feet high and as thick as a man's ness. the orange roots more than it takes able story, which everybody who
wrist. Budwood was saved throughthe In the case of his grafted trees Mr. away. knows him will credit.At .

winter by burying it in the groundand Adams restrained this tendency to NO PERNICIOUS INSECTS. Remington Park on the St.
buds were inserted this spring, shoot upward by pinching out the Johns river, about fifteen miles from
some of which are already two feet tops occasionally through the summer.In The jungle of decaying vegetable Jacksonville, he saw a large'orange
matter under the trees is harbor for
this he has secured in
high. Every tree was thus restored way one season's grove, many of the trees in which are
abundant insects but
they seem to be
from its own sprouts except about two growth the symmetry which it bearing, and show but little damage
varieties which are friendly to the I
dozen, which were removed and replaced will take the unrestrained seedlings from the great freeze.
-: with fresh trees from the nur- ] perhaps three or four years to perfect.He trees and fruit rather than hostile. He says the bearing trees are near
The is
sery. Several of these yearling trees has fully-rounded trees at one year orange a moistureloving and I the river, which is deep there,and the
here it is
are carrying a little fruit this year. of age with trunks already several hammock.growing tree; restored grove is in a hammock from the large
almost to its natural conditionsand
inches in diameter.FRUIT .
MR. ADAMS' GROVE. is enabled to resist its enemies, trees of which moss had fallen and almost

At Tangerine, a few miles distant, IN ONE YEAR. even if they are present at all. Thereis covered the orange trees. To
is the grove of Mr. Dudley. Adams, Many of these grafted trees bloomed no red spider in this grove, thoughit these conditions, together with the
which has been often described with fairly white all over at the usual time harbors in others around it subjected fact that the grove had been neglectedand

more or less accuracy, on account of last spring; others put out only a few to clean culture; there is little or the trees destitute of sap when the

the peculiar system of culture or non- blossoms; some none at all. Usuallythe no scale; there are no rust mites. The cold came, is attributed their escape
culture most vigorous trees threw out the from injury.-Orange County Reporter. -
pursued by him. His plan for fruit is almost universally as clean,
restoring the trees rapidly has been greatest number of blossoms. Of bright and silken skinned as hammock .
-- -
several times outlined not always course much bloom fell off; this was
yet Mr. A. M. McGregor, of New
correctly. As early as February to be expected on trees so very young.It fruit.The
white fly has never been in his York, has purchased the Comer &
year ago he cut down all the trees on may not be entirely done fallingyet
grove or in that vicinity; he thinks it McCloud plantation on Surveyor'sCreek.
lemon or sour roots, using an axe and though they stood the drouthnot somewhat doubtful whether his systemof The property consists of
down a drop of rain after March\
going until he found perfectly 13-
non-culture and mulching would 6100 acres of land, forty of which is
sound, live wood. To do this he had remarkably well. Still there is now
exclude that pest. He lost a few planted in orange grove. When such
sometimes to sacrifice the collar roots every prospect that a considerable sprouts, a very few, from the attacksof well known business men as Mr. Mc
and use the tap root for grafting into. number of these yearling trees will
wood lice, which, beginning on the Gregor are making such large invest.
He inserted grafts directly! at the yield oranges which, in the case of
: top dead stump, transferred their operations ments in Lee county, it is safe to say
of the stump, whether that was belowor each, will be counted up in the
to the live sprouts. He thinks there is a great future ahead for this
above the surface, shoving them I I dozens. the enormous mass of dead wood and county.Tropical News.
down between the bark and the wood, SYSTEM OF CULTURE.As trash a protection to his trees rather : .

generally in a valley. to prevent split. above stated, Mr. Adams' sys- than a menace, as the lice find such Mr. Chas. White, the king orange
ting of the old bark. These grafts tem is rather one of non.culture. abundant food supplies in it that they grower of Florida, is in the city, haying
were banked with moist earth high Years ago he found that the roots of have no temptation to assail the living arrived on a late train last even-

enough to leave only one or two buds orange trees will, if permitted, do wood. He relates the experience of ing and registered at the Almeria.Mr. .
projecting at the top; this was done to their best work in the upper three or a neighbor who had an old log fence White is on his way to the Manatee -
preserve moisture at the point of four inches of soil in which plows and running through his grove. While it river and leaves today. He says
junction of the graft and the stock until cultivators also do their work. He was there the wood lice were abundant that he has just.finished setting out

the knitting of the two should be found this out by accident. In a of course, but did not disturb 60,000 orange buds in the big King

perfectly accomplished.All hammock grove which he cultivatedthe the orange trees. When the fence grove near Wildwood, and all are
the sprouts were permitted to trees either died or lingered out a was removed they began on the looking exceptionally fine.-Tampa
grow, but some of them, especially miserable existence; but when he de trees. Tribune.





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292 flfifc JtofelbA J-AfcMifc' Afcb FBtJlt-GBO ttL MAY 9,

If .




By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new



Ammonia 5 to 6 perfceiit.
Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to 8 "
Actual Potash 4 to :5 "
:t :6r This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates Superphosphates and Potash. -eI
We keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND
BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.
Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.


Treatment of Orange Sprouts. the proper course to pursue, it seemsto supply of camphor is nearly exhaust mocks, but it is a mistake to suppose
[Paper read by :Mr. E. Winter before the me, cannot longer questioned.. ed. It had been supposed that the that it prefers poverty of soil. It is
l State:May 6,1896.Horticultural] Society at Jacksonville, In one of our groves 95 per cent of interior of Formosa was a vast cam- as sensitive as the orange to good cultivation -
Mr. President and members of the the grafts "took." The success in this phor forest, but a German scientist I and fertilizer. An almost
Society:-Accompanying this report grove must be attributed first to the lately told him in Washington that he perfect situation for it is on our first-
and for the benefit of those interestedin condition in which the trees were during had visited Formosa and explored it class pine lands, although he thinks
the subject under consideration are I the cold weatheviz.., well protected on purpose to ascertain as to this fact, that the leaves from hammockgrowntrees
three photographs; one of an orange by earth thrown to them with and that there is very little left on the will probably yield a slightly
tree in bloom, taken last month; one plow) ; secondly, the roots are the rough island. The price of camphor gumis higher per centage of gum.
taken two days ago, showing the Florida lemon, averaging one and a advancing rapidly-it is now sixty- --...
growth the trees have made in a little half inches, a nice size to work. five cents a pound and will probablysoon To Save the Groves as by Fire.
over a year's time; the third-a po- In the grove where these pictureswere reach dollar. During the present session of the
melo tree, also taken two days ago, taken, the roots are sour and Florida suits the camphor tree ad State Horticultural Society, May 6, .
showing the fruit on the tree. These sweet orange, and the stock varying mirably. It is as hardy as the wild an address was delivered by Dr. D.
pictures were taken in one of:Mr. Stet in size, where cut off, from two to gum tree; has never been killed to 0. Davies, of Fernandina, which was
son's groves at DeLand and illustrateone three inches, 70 per cent of these amount to anything except in the most interesting, and to many, start-
way of ,restoring a frozen orange grafts are living and have made a severe freeze of February, 1895. And, ling in its boldness. He began by
tree, and which has been refered to as growth varying from two to nine feet even if cut down by the cold, it saying that the California system,
"the Adams' method of grafting," explained in height. Some are so full of fruit, sprouts up again with great vigor. It what might be called the lamp or furnace -
to us here a year ago by our particularly the pomelos, that, if only grows more rapidly than the orange.In system, is necessarily wholly in-
President.A one quarter now on the trees matures, the Orient it sometimes: grows ISO adequate in Florida. California gen
great many ways have been suggested it will necessitate the propping of the feet high. Such trees,of course, haveto erally suffers from a still frost in which
t_ and practiced to restore our orange trees. We have been advised by be cut down and destroyed. But the,artificial fog or vapor is efficacious;
trees. That of cutting down many to "thin out" the fruit on these if camphor is to be produced econom- but our cold spells in Florida are al
promptly to sound wood and graftingthe grafts, fearing the effort to mature ically in Florida, only the leaves must most invariably preceded and accom-
stumps, though not generallydone such a crop (seventy pomelo to one be distilled in order that the planta- panied by a great wind, which would
has, when properly done, been tree,) will cause its death. But rather tions may be perpetuated.By sweep away along the ground and
very successfully done, and when successfully than willfully remove a single orangeor means of a rude still improvisedfrom wholly nullify the small and compar-
done, two or three years'' grape fruit we will let the trees give two cottolene cans he had extracted atively puny blazes which create an
time is saved. The requisites for suc- up the ghost,feeling that they will die the gum from seven pounds of effectual heat in the California or-
cess, are as follows: Cut down to in a good cause. leaves, and he exhibited samples of chards.
perfectly sound wood, use dormant So much for last year's grafting. !I the refined, pure white gum, the unre- :Mr. Davis owns a fifteen acre groveon
scions; insert between bark and wood, Encouraged by the appearance of fined product, and the water of distIllation the Ocklawaha river near Orange
so as to make a close union and then these grafts many in our vicinitywent mixed with camphor oil. Bend, and he and his neighbor, Mr.
in order to preserve the moisture in at it this season. Where done Professor Hubbard states that 107 Taylor Alsobrook, found by experience -
scion, pack fresh moist earth around early in January and February it gives pounds of leaves of Florida camphorwill in the fatal freezes of December
the scions, leaving one or two eye promise of success, one party report- yield a pound of crude gum. At '94 and February, that they could,
buds exposed.The ing 85 per cent, doing well. In this forty cents a pound, the present price, by raising a wall of fire, as it were, on
proper time for this was, of case the dead trees are yet standingand an acre of trees three years old will the west and north sides, save their
course, right after the catastrophe.But the scions inserted either in the produce $300 worth of gum annually, trees and much of their fruit. He
the great trouble (even if the main stock, some below the level of with two cuttings of the leaves per said this is a simple process, very sim-
growers had known what to do and the ground, or on the lateral roots; year, or possibly three. He gave ple, so simple, in fact that he saw a
desired to graft), was the scarcity of grafting all sizes of trees in growing as figures showing a rapid increase in suite of incredulity on the faces of
scions. As far as I know those who well as in dormant conditions. What the value of the annual yield of gumas his auditors as he announced it. Yet
grafted a year ago sent to Californiaor the ultimate outcome of this year's the trees grow older, until finallythe he was prepared to assert with posi--
Arizona for their scions.. grafting will be, can at this time onlybe possible output may safely' be tive conviction that no grove in Flor
Where failure occurred it was dueto conjectured; we will watch and placed at $1,000 per acre per year. ida south of and 'including Orange
various causes, such as failure to wait. The tree makes a very dense head; he Lake need ever be destroyed by cold.
reach sound wood, scions weakened t. is not acquainted with any other He was almost ready to declare thatno
by having started or perhaps too old, Camphor in Florida. which makes a solider one. A ma grove need be allowed to perish
imperfect mechanical execution of the ture tree will contain 700 pounds of from cold anywhere east of the Su-
work, advanced season, etc. In the evening session of the Horticultural leaves, of which .300 pounds might wannee river, but this he would not
At our meeting last year some o f Society, :May 6th, Prof. H. safely be cut or plucked without in- assert positively, as he was not sufficiently .
.. 1>' our leading members doubted the G. Hubbard of Crescent City, gavean jury to the tree. conversant with the climatic
.," wisdom of this method of bringing our exceedingly interesting address on The camphor will grow in very conditions of this northern section.In .
,' groves back to bearing. That it was, this subject. He said the world's poor, sandy soil or in the richest ham- 1886, acting under Dr.

. .

t Davis'a

""'< ..t-_...-- -- .- __ 'h,__. .. _. __ .__ _.h_. .__.,. __ -.. ;



instructions, the manager of his grove Company, in California, to learn the their original height, though in many In the fall of 1894, in October, the

erected a wall of fire on the north and result of the use of crude petroleum, sprouts, and will produce a quarter or leaves again appeared, and grew well 4 4all

west sides of it, and for three days and they replied that it would not do, a third of a crop. After his fourteen winter. The freezes cut them J

and almost three nights he saved the it coated the leaves to such a degree years' experience he thinks if he could somewhat, but they recovered imme- !

fruit intact. But he had failed to provide with'smut. But rosin is not open to live ten years longer he would know diately, and made a good growth. 11'

fuel enough for so protracted a this objection. how to make guava jelly; some peo- Again, after the seed was ripe in May,

blow, and in the last six hours,on the .. n ple do him the honor to believe he 1895, the plants died to the ground. ;

morning of the third day the fires Grasshoppers and Other Insects In I knows how now. He entertains a Examination showed the roots in i

burned low and the fruit perished. the Grove.A high scorn for the jelly which is manu- healthy condition, the old ones increased

But he saved his trees; they did not. considerable part of the morning factured from canned guavas or in size and many: new ones

even drop their leaves. i session of the State Horticultural So- canned guava juice. They do make formed. In October, 1895, the growth

Again in February, 1895, he was ciety, :May 6, was occupied with an "guava jelly" in Jacksonville from begun again, and now (February,
two hundred miles away and an in informal discussion of this topic. guavas which he would feed to swine, I 1896)), the plants are looking well.

valid; his manager had made a provision Mr. George H. Wright stated that even before they start on their journeyto There are a good many small roots,

of combustibles, but as it turnedout he used a mixture of Paris green, bran the metropolis.! about the size of the thumb. The old

an insufficient quantity. The and molasses, about as heretofore ad. Oanaigre.Canaigre -i roots are much larger, and of a much

fires were promptly kindled in vast vised in our columns, distributed darker color. The ground has been :

volume on the west and north sides, around in small quantities near the belongs to the same genusof kept free from weeds, and a shovelful -

and supplementary blazes were kept sprouts, where the insects would plants as the common dock whichis of manure given once a year.
find it. so abundant in some parts of the There is that this
going at frequent intervals throughout readily every promise
the The protection was Another member had used about State. It grows wild in Arizona, New plant will grow well in Florida. The
adequate; the working of the plan wasa the same mixture, only substituting Mexico, and some other. sections of roots have a very acrid taste, indicate

splendid success as long as it lasted. strychnine for Paris green. the great Southwest. Its leaves growin ing that they are well charged with

They had only one thermometer; and Mr. C. A. Bacon has found boiling a cluster at the surface of the tannic acid. We have in Florida

the manager held it out in his hand on water poured into the burrows of ants ground. They are light green in great quantities of saw palmetto, the

the north side of the grove in the teethof the best means of destroying them- color, quite succulent, and may be roots of which are rich in tannin. It

the wind until it indicated 18; then the swiftest, cheapest and most effect- boiled for "greens" like the leaves of would be well to be quite sure that it

he carried it around on the south side ive. To protect young sprouts from the yellow dock. On pine land here is more profitable to cultivate canai-
in Florida it throws
amid the stifling smoke, and there he grasshoppers and other predaceous up a flowerspikeof gre as a source of tannin, than to secure -
held it out until he found the lowest insects he wrapped them in mosquito two to two and a half feet high, it from the saw palmetto.Florida -
and produces an abundance of seed. Experiment Station Bulletin No.
to be netting.Dr.
3 3 .
Its when '
roots are yellowishred
L. finds corrosive young
Montgomery 35-
But again his manager, who is a outside, and dark red within; theyare | fl |
fine the best
prudent and.economical Floridian, had somewhat
shaped like a sweet po Tomatoes in the Drouth.
remedy against ants. A pound it
failed to provide a sufficient supply of
tato, tapering at both ends. As the
will cost only 85 cents in New York, The week and the
combustibles, of which Dr. Davis roots grow older they become darkerin past present one
and it will suffice for ten acres. Strew have been record breakers in the to-
seems to 'prefer pine and oak wood, color. These roots are rich
a very little of it in a circle around a very mato business. Everybody in the
sawdust and petroleum. They saved in tannic acid. In the Southwest the
the trees-a greater part of the tops of tree, or drop into the ant-holes and wild roots are gathered in large lake region has been as busy as they
the largest seedlings-but lost the fruit they will forthwith vacate. tities, sliced, dried in the sun, and could be, and still, owing to a scarcity ,

for lack of a.sustained heat. He saidto Professor P. H. Rolfs, of the State shipped to market in the east of Eu- of laborers, many tomatoes have
Experiment Station, said that bi- wasted in the fields.A .
his ruefully: "Jim, if be used for
manager you of carbon rope, to tanning. Near
is efficacious
had spent $3,000 in making fires, in sulphide insects if very localities where large quantities of the through express train carrying

stead of $300, you would have savedme against most properly con- wild roots grow, factories have been nothing but tomatoes has been on
fined and it will
not injure the roots
$8,000 or $9,000.:" The manager of unless built, in a few instances, to extract since the 21st, which is run throughto
replied, "Doctor, I didn't like to waste trees poured directly on the tannin from the roots. The tanninis the eastern markets on passenger
them in
Still it
your money, but now I have seen used with quantities.caution should be then shipped in barrels to the mar- schedule, this being twenty-four hours

what could be done with fires made great special care kets,thus making a great saving in the shorter than ever before.
being taken not to inhale it or let it
big enough and kept up long enough; afire. There cost of transportation. The market has been tip-top, prices
get is at an ex-
and next time I will obey your orders, traordinary abundance of vari- Attention has been turned within ranging from $4 to $7 per crate, thus

sure.," eties of insects many the last few years to the cultivation of netting the grower all the way from
the mildness
owing to -
Dr. Davis said that everything !I of the past winter but in the canaigre, and large plantations of it $2 to $5. Strike an average and fig-

around him absolutely perished to the proaching rainy season; myriads will ap- are already planted, and many othersare ure 3,000 to 6,000 crates per day at.
ground but his trees escaped and to- and will be these and idea
; planned soon planted.It prices, some as to the
the fall
.. perish, of them will
day they are green, thrifty and fruiting, be crop can be grown from seed; but, usu money now coming in to our growerscan
probably not as large as usual.
and the largest of them could not ally, wild roots are obtained and be gained. Of course some crops

stand in this hall, (the Board of Trade Rev.of Lyman the lubber Phelps grasshopper gave a life show-history planted. As the roots increase some- were injured by cutworms, some by

room with a ceiling fourteen or fifteen what rapidly, the planting of roots has cold and some by the dry weather, ,
ing that at periods of that his-
feet high). Heat is the great thing, thus far been the best way of starting. but taking the shipments as a whole, .
tory they would collect in numbersand
heat you must have. Should the demand for the plant in- it seems that the business will pan out
could then be killed off by mech--
Better burn down a huudred trees crease rapidly, it will, doubtless, be
anical means. The of the well.With
halfway to the ground if you can save greater part easily grown from seed on 'a large the increased knowledge
they frequent lowlands but dur-
nine hundred unharmed, than to stand year the scale. If grown from seed, probablythe gained this year as to the advantagesof
ing breeding season
helplessly around and let the thousand they come best way will be to sow the seed staking and pruning the plants, our
out on higher ground.
freeze. If your neighbor north of you about as onion seed is sown, cultivate growers will be better than ever pre.
Several members seconded the
will not fire up, go in on your own request carefully for a year, and then trans- pared to make the business richly re-
was made by one for fur-
land, raise a wall of fire along the plant to the fields. munerative.The .
west and north sides of the grove. It ther information as to the white fly. In the spring of 1894 I obtained a above is from the Bartow
will only burn one row. Make a great few roots through the courtesy of the Courier Informant and tallies with

blaze; let it burn hot like gehenna. Guava Jelly.A directors of the Experiment Stations the following Winter Haven letter in

Florida has millions of good firewood. good friend of the paper, who .at Mesilla Park, N. M., and Tuscon, the Orlando Reporter:

Mr. H. B. Stevens of Citra, made who prefers to be nameless called on Arizona. They came to me by mail. Ten days ago word went out that

some interesting remarks corroboratin us and presented us with a choice They were small, dry and wrinkled, our tomatoes were drying up and the

Dr. Davies' line of argument. He sample of jelly two years old, put up I having little appearance of life. They crop a failure, and yet the drouth

said the best material for the supple. in a straight glass Specialty Fruit Jar. were planted in rows three feet apart holds on. One of the best growers has

mentary fire in the grove is rosin, He has spent fourteen years on Indian and two feet apart in the rows. About fifteen acres all tied to stakes, trained

. the cheaper the grade the better, as river, raising his trees, learning how : a shovelful stable manure was given and in best shape; he gave up and was

the, cheapest will burn longest and to make jelly and developing a pay- : each root. They grew at once, gave only looking for a "one-fourth crop"

hottest. Six pounds will burn two ing market for it. He has six acres .some bloom, and seemed in all respects and made but little preparation to

hours if it is properly confined and of trees, does not find the Cattley healthy and at home. Seeds were handle it as he supposed it would be

regulated. He described his processfor I satisfactory as a jelley yielder, but ripe in May, and soon after the leaves so small. Today he has changed his

doing it uP'in parcels in thick pa- prefers the "Spanish guava." Last turned yellow and died. Throughthe mind and can't get half help enough -,

per, painted on the inside to prevent year, of course, his trees went downto summer there was no sign of life to take care of the crop. And oh,

the melted rosin from cutting through.I the ground and he made no jelly, above ground, but the roots seemedall such handsome great, large'fruitlI I

. He said he wrote to the Earl Fruit but they have now nearly reached right. saw one grower toy watering


.. : .. ,. f."'I...aj It ., ..... ,
-- -' -- --- '- -'' ."-,- ""s..e ; _. ...._;.ft. ...._'_ -- ,,-,

( .


1I 1-I

1 J. .
! ..I( 294




.. ,
-- ----- ---- ---- -- .- -- ----- ---.--- ------- -<----- --- -- :-' --- ..- "
----- -- --

A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to t


t. ,
t Ammonia ANALYSIS I 1
434 to 52 per cent. s

Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent.

Potash (Actual) -
6 to 8 per cent. r
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash
11 to 13 per cent.

f.k Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete f.
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems C. S. Meal
t Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc. 9

r Write Us for Prices before Buying.

t Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton ToovnR, Jacksonville,

f Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices.


his vines, which are literally loaded or sugar to give a sweetish taste. It cents Mint
IS a quart. taragon, crate. This gives shippers an
with, it seems to me, the finest toma- .is the oppor- ,
paris kills the
,. I green worms chevril, tansy, and waldmeister, the tunity of sending to market all of the
toes ever saw. and this should be very thoroughly popular green used by Germans in smaller tomatoes, such as they could

Three car loads were sent out yesterday mixed with the bran so as to have a making their May\ drink, are all seen not afford to ship by express.It ,

and as many more to-day, and uniform mixture. A spoonful of this in the retail markets. The dependence is estimated that from $25,000 to
to-morrow, likely more yet. The mixture should be r
placed near the for cucumbers and tomatoes at $40,000 more will be thus

be of this favored section may truly plants just before night on the day the present is on the Northern hothouse brought into the money pockets of Polk. ,, .

congratulated.... plants are set out. The cutworms product, the former costing 20 cents county vegetable growers than would >

-- -- work at night and will be killed by each and the latter 40 cents a pound. otherwise as they will be able to ship ,

Remedies for Cut Worms. eating of the poisoned mixture. It is Firm white heads of Dutch cabbageand and realize a profit on the entire crop. .

much better, however, to place the new Southern cabbage cost 10 to The Plant System is entitled to the
At this of the
season cutwormsdo
year mixture about in various parts of a cents each. Other credit of
15 vegetables now the reduction in the rate, as
more or less damage to nearly all fidd a few days before planting, as it noted in most collections are celeriac, the entire decrease of five cents
crops, especially to tomatoes,cabbagesand will then kill off per ,
worms before salsify kohl rabi
Whenever sod new turnips, crate over last year's rate was made
land corn.is left until spring before or grassy being any damage is done. peas, string beans and peppers.- by this system. The train is also put
Garden and Forest. into market twenty-four hours earlier
plowed which be
any crop may
planted on such land will be consid-- Entomologist Station Mississippi Experimental --.......- than ever before, and this gets the
Agricultural College stuff into market in as good if
erably damaged by cutworms. The :Mississippi. An Experiment With Sumatra

reason of this is that the worms are Seed.I sent by express.

nearly full grown in the spring, yet New York Market Notes. We are pleased to note this step in
secured some Sumatra tobacco the interest
our shippers and it will
they need one good meal before form-
is from
Asparagus now coming '
seed in and have sowed
93 some each be duly appreciated by all.-Bartow
ing into a short time after South Carolina
pupae Maryland, Delawareand year since, with the following results: Courier-Informant.
which they come forth as nightflying New Jersey in heavy. long white '
:My first crop 93 grew well but was ... .
moths. ---- ---
stalks and the more slender green destroyed by a severe windstorm This has no doubt been the best
The life of the is
history cutworm shoots the best
costing to cents
45 55 which broke it off at the ground and
vegetable that Dade has
about this The moths their year county
: lay eggs a bunch. New yellow crook-neck
I entirely ruined it for
wrapper purpose. ever known. We are reliably informed
grass throughout the summer squashes, from Florida, cost 10 cents '
My crop 94 was a success andI f that over of
months and after few these each. 20,000
a days Okra, from Cuba, small and
could not but what it
see was as vegetables have been sent from
eggs hatch into small worms, which I fresh-looking, may be had for 10 cents one
good as any imported leaf. It was j point on Bay Biscayne this summer.
feed the
upon grass. worms a dozen. French artichokes from
plain, smooth, and fine, the hands ran There are four other shipping pointson
cast off their skin from time to.time to California and New Orleans are plen-
from ten to twelve inches long. I did the Bay, from one of which even
accommodate their increase in size tiful
at each the
15 larger ones
not have enough to test it, but think 1 larger shipments be relied
may j
and during the cooler weather of from France costing
25 Showy would yield from 500 to 700 poundsper ]In this end of the the
winter go deeper in the ground, being. white celery, from California, costs 13 It and condition
acre. rapidly has
grows very prevailed. Vast
dormant for time if the weather i quan.
a cents a stalk, that from Florida being
]high, and from observation will tides t of beans
tomatoes, eggplantshave
very cold. Upon the approach of f a little lower in price, and now mainly
grow as well in Bucks county, Pa., as 1 been shipped, and all have
spring the forth for sold
worms for in
come a use salads. The best table
anywhere the only question is in the 1 fair
prices.Tropical Sun.How's .
finishing touch of and is that
growth soon celery beginning to come from experience in growing and handling .*
form pupae in the ground just below Bermuda, and costs 20 cents a stalk. '
of it. My 95 crop I let run to seed, This!
the surface. Some time after this the
Burmuda onions
are in abundant -
supply and as it grew without rain, the leaf We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward
moths are produced, and, after mat 30,000 crates having been landed
was very small, but it was covered for any case of Catarrh that cannot be
ing, the females lay the eggs for another from the last steamer, together with with sound white and yellow spots and cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.

brood. With most species 300 barrels of potatoes. The latterare is very handsome. My main crop i is F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props.,
there is thus but brood Toledo 0.
one a year. becoming scarce, and commandas ,
what is known Duck Island
Most farmers locally as We the undersigned have known F.J.
real much
are beginning to as $8.00 to $1000 a barrel
which I have sold at from 5 to isc Cheney for the last fifteen and believe
ize the many advantages of fall plow- wholesale, 75 cents a half peck being years
per pound round.U. S. Tobacco perfectly honorable in all busi
ing, and where sod land especially i is the retail price. Havana potatoes, at Journal. ness transactions and financially able to

plowed in the fall it will greatly lessen 60 cents a half peck, are in favor, and carry out any obligation made by their .

the number of cutworms and othetinsect : many buyers prefer them for their firm.

on such land the following mealy quality to those from Bermuda. Good Rates on Vegetables. WEST & TKDAX,

spring. A good remedy for killingout New potatoes are also coming from Our vegetable growers have little to WALDINO Wholesale, KINNAN Druggists&,MARVIN Toledo,,0.

the cutworms in the garden is to: Florida, the price for well-graded stock complain of this year in the way of f Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, 0.

make up a mixture consisting of a being $6.00 to$8.00 a barrel to whole freights since the fast freight with its Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,

quantity of bran or corn meal moistened ; sale dealers. Large plants of Romaine thoroughly ventilated cars will carry acting directly upon the blood and mucous

with water, to which is added a lettuce, from the South, cost 20 centseach tomatoes through to Chicago in four surfaces of the system. Price ?5c.
bottle. Sold all
per by druggists. Tea :: .
little paris green and a little molasses and tender field or corn salad days at a rate of only 49 cents per timonials free.

< .. ." ..." -- '- .. '-- -.. -- .- .- csi _. _. _.- -' --- ""- -.-------- .. "-->. ... -
-- -"
---- -

-- -- -




had probably done our best. The results -- = '
Poultry. of the hens were as follows: N !

-------------------------- The hens laid and
-------- -
------------ 3,719 eggs,

-..Edited-........ by s. s.DeLANOY Apopka na. raised :z 13 chicks. Popular
Sold 43 sittings of eggs, at Poultry
Food, Meat and Eggs. I $2.00 each . $ 86 oo ti
I have just been reading Philip Sold 21 cockerels at $1.50
Snyders article on hens and eggs and, each. . . 31 50 ,
living in North Carolina, want to say Sold 21 cockerels at $1.50
something on the subject. A huck-- each . . 3 I 50 T !! CORNISH INDIAN
ster came to our house one morningwith Sold 15 cockerels at $1.00
chickens to sell. I had often each . . 15 oo r"1 Sharp's and Imported. The best Table
before bought chickens of him, and Sold 68 pullets, averaging I -e- Great for Broiler

,ought some that morning. To all $1.30 each . 89 75 i .$; ]BLACK-?.
appearances, they were all right; but Ate and sold 231 dozen eggs,

when they came on the table, they average price 27.05 cents 62 64 Larger than Leghorns.___ _;_layers_ of_
were all wrong, and were sent off in Have 9 cockerels left,at$3.00 C For balance present hatching
disgust. A week or so after, the same each . . 27 00 E G S reason $1.00 per setting.
huckster came again. I "went for Have 33 pullets left, at $1.50 We also include a packet of
Early Prolific Table Peas (3 crops a year) or
him," and told him the next time he each . . 49 00
had chickens to sell raised on butch- The two cocks and old hens E -WE CAN FURNISH-
ers' refuse to keep on down the road were sold last September POULTRY SUPPLIES.Lands

and not call here. for. . . :25 00
He said, "Why, mistis, dent chick- '
ens nebber saw no butchers' scraps; Total. . $448 89 for. .
Jem chickens I raised myself." The other chicks made good fricassee .. ments Instruments for Bands
Said I, "George, what did you feed for I ate some of it. Lemons I Illustrations est prices ever,
them on ?" The expenses of the 25 birds wereas Music
"Well, mistis, dey gets de scraps follows, the cockerels and pullets Cor.Adam IVOX Sf..and\
from de table and all de corn dey being sold six months old: Grape FruitPineapples

wants and cow peas; dey's [the cow 25 birds, at $1.00 each $ 25 oo
peas] laying round all the time." 135 birds, at 50 cents each 67 50 and
There I had the difficulty, I am
42 birds one year old, at $1.00 INBrevard
sure; it was cow peas. Another timewe each . . 42 00 and
bought chickens of a butcher, his A for ;

own raising, and they tasted so much Total . . $134 50 Dade Counties ,
like ill-fed, stale beef that they left the ;
table almost untasted. Now please do To give a summary for the year,the FLORIDA.In ; .r- $

not, any one, get the impression that account stands as follows: order to induce the culture Mich.'t( )
these are the only kind of chickens The total receipts were $448 89 of Citrus fruits in the ting. Catalogue free.
that we North Carolinians get. These The expenses of the birds counties named, the

'two were the only experiences of the were . . 134 30 FLORIDA EAST COAST Box
kind I have had since commencing The profits of the birds were. 314 39

housekeeping, but that will do to show The two cows were good, and also RAILWAY COMPANYwill THE IMPROVED
that I think feed will make good or have a good record. for the next nine months

mean chickens, as well as beeves.I They gave 11,016 quarts of make a reduction of TWENTY-
also want to say something rela- milk, at four cents per FIVE per cent. on price of its
tive to eggs. I have never used richer quart, wholesale price $440 46 lands in above counties or ,
than where we live, near the center of Cost of feed, 20 cents each per until Dec. 15, 1896. lhta. and The t
the State. In other places I have day, 365 days, and two For terms and prices apply to iogne 4cents, OBO.ERTEl In tht'
used eight for a cake which here D C. Sutton or W R. Moses, West Palm
eggs cows per day . 146 oo Beach, Fla.; W.C.Valentine, Ft. Lauderdale,
could not require more than sixtheyare Fla ; F. S. Morse, Miami, Fla.. or to
rich. This I find them J. E. Ingraham, Land Commissioner,
so spring not Profit on cows one year $294 46 St. Augustine, Fla. HATCH_ :
so rich. What is the matter with them? Profit on hens one year 314 39 .
Is it that the farmers are raising more ss
corn and less cotton? And is it cot- The hens won by . $ 19 93 'Lands loridanvestments i ..,.
tonseed that made the better? Ctreoliri free.
eggs The cost of the buildings and Send to.for
Hint.Cttalocne. 114
farmer in North Caroli.
Please some
grounds were equal, so I got my $20, Oranges&orts
na, try and see, and let us know.- and my neighbor said he had sold $53

Country. Gentleman. worth of eggs and chickens and had 7
cockerels and 41 hens, worth $75,
Hens v& Cows-Royal Battle for left over, and if anybody wanted to Over 90 Styles The Bull best
One Year.A ,buy them, or offered him $20 for the tight.tOi>60 You
neighbor of mine wanted to purchase old birds, he would smile to see them ;jeve1opmentsattractions U 14 to
a cock and five hens, and on : get them.-Poultry Keeper. Illustrated KITS
asking $20 for the six birds he remarked .N... ,
that that was half as much as Poultry Information. Address,
he could buy a good family cow for. -
"Well," I said, "those birds will give You will find by examination of G. D. ACKERLY,
you more profit than a $40 cow wouldin the eggs that some are wrinkled on C CCNCKAL PASSING AGENT,
one year." I took him to see the the little end. These will hatch THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,
birds I had for breeders, and showed roosters while the smooth ones will JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA.
him two cocks and twenty-five hens, hatch pullets. I always select those i for them
they all being about twenty-two with the wrinkles for the early hatch- 'the rooster will keep three times as ''them.get
months old. I offered him battle on this ing because roosters will grow off :long as those from .a hen that has been standard
ground, to put the two cocks and faster and come into market early. with the rooster. where;
twenty-two hens against the two best Another important thing for the The best .way to start off young largest
cows in his herd. He was to take the chicken raiser to know is that if they I chicks is to keep them and the hen up of ground Whether or you 50
six birds at $20 i if the hens won, andI will keep the roosters separated from :in a small enclosure where they can have Ferry's Seed >
to forfeit $10 on the price if the the hens during the winter and then :have plenty of sunshine for 10 or 12 The mers most and valuable
cows won. The battle! was to end in turn them together a month before I days after hatching. After that they away.
one year, and the 2jd of January sitting time, the chicks hatched will I can be turned out to run around.G. D. M.Detroit, ,
closed the contest. Now for the re- be a great deal stronger. The eggs W. KELLY,
sults; we were both on our mettle, and laid by a hen which has not been with Clarysville, Miss


1 -- ----.- --- -,,- --..; 1


MAY 9.,

. State NewsWWWWW. Our Rural Home. feeling that appearances count for lit-I BULBS & PLANTS.-
tle the l
( on farm is wrong. Farmers'

: '"""- -'"'- -""-' kitchens and homes are as susceptibleto .

i Mr. J. Morronhadto replant nearly A Fable. improvements as anything else on Butterfly Lily (recently catalogued as

fifty acres of cotton, on account of the farm. The question which needs ists"White),beautiful Canna"and by fragrant some enterprising.............IDC.
the destruction caused by moles. attention is what is best to cook and Canna-Giant Cardinal,tall and showy......10
For Our Rural Home.A J C. Nepalensis, fine yellow..... ..............10
. Denver item in Deland News. not what is easiest and most quickly C. Robusta,bronze leaved ....................10
( Reply to ) C. Flaccida the "Orchid Canna" ..........10
A large fruit yield seems to be assured A glimmering glancing fire-fly prepared. Frying pans are the curse Caladium Jsculentum-elephant's ear......10
of the American nation. Things are t The above collection for 50 cents.
for Walton county. DeFuniak'sElberta Gazed on the star-gemmed evening sky,
As the shining moon went fried and fried until there is apparentlyno Amaryllis Equestre 6 cents each three for
has become famous sailing ;
peach as Lighting the world below by, relief. Methods in cooking and t5c.;six for ......... ... ..... ...,....25<:.
the most luscious peach ever put on ; Tuberose bulbs, fine double:5. each;'six for.
the market and this "She glows so bright for she's up so high, arrangements in cooking should be ob Tuberose smaller size, per dozen.............25 10
season larger i I have the wings-they were made to served. Farmers Oxalis bulbs(rose-colored),per dozen........10
quantities will be shipped than in are busy, but they do Madeira Vlne.sc. each; sir for eo.............25
any never not fail to live the best lives in the best Pereskia Aculeata,each....... ... ...._.... io
previous year. Farmers throughoutthe I'll know if I never try, Night-blooming Cereus (C grandiflora)......20
county have planted cotton on a Whether I could or no." possible manner. Because a girl lives Honeysuckle Halliana,white, fragrant ......io
in the country is not a reason why she Coral, or Fuschia-flowered honeysuckle.....io
much extensive scale than last folia ...
more Ampelopsis quinque (American
and of A glow worm in its lowly bed, should wear dowdy clothing. Just so Wisteria Sinensis! ........... .................10 20
season, are very hopeful the Shot a tiny spark and raised its head, long as a farmer Crotalaria Retusa (West India Rattlebox,or
fall returns. Nearly all of the plantersare "We'd better be content to shed neglects to observethe Yellow Sweet Pea), good plants, each...io
courtesies of life, so long will that S-To those who purchase twenty-five cents'
Our little
in a position to regard cotton as a light down here. worth of bulbs or plants and enclose five cents
surplus cropland only a few will That all may see the ground they tread; life fail to reach a high standard. additional towards paying postage,I will send
very At least they will keep off my head. The homemaker must have a wider cuttings of a handsome fragrant cream tea rose;
be obliged to sell to meet or if preferred of the Cherokee
mortgagesfor Tho' rose; both fine,
you're a brilliant bird "he said
knowledge than
advances.The any other person on ever-green climbers; or variegated Lantana cut-
There's much to fear." tings.
very the farm. She must be a physician,

Cuban colony at Fort :Meade and trained SEEDS.
"Ah! yes-for you-content to stay surgeon nurse. She must
have cleared and made ready for cul And grovel here 'tis well you may, be a chemist and know how to combine Two cents per packet, or 5 packets for 8c.

tivation over 150 acres, and are en- Where are your wings? your feeble ray foods; an artist to make a picture of Canna Flaccida; C. Giant Cardinal; C. Nepa-

gaged in farming on an extensive scale. Will keep no man from paths astray, her table; a politician to persuade her bergia lensis;;Balloon Wisteria vine; Velvet; White Bean Cypress Crotalaria; Thun-
They are growing the noted Cuba With its ooor fitful light: husband and train her sons; a musician Ricmus (Palma Christi); Lantana; Zinnias,;
Bur with my powers, to spend the day, mixed; Marigold; Coral Honeysuckle.
corn Cuba of which at- to make and
yams, some Or night in this low wretched way, execute plans of harmony.
tain the 'enormous weight of fifty I should aim high-I'll never stay, Domestic science has gained groundfor At 5c. a packet, or two for 8c.
pounds; white and yellow malangas, So here goes for my flight." twenty years. Every farmer should

a palatable root indigenous to Cuba give this more attention. His daughter Bryonopsis round fruits; marble, mottled vine red, with and lovely white;little Brazilian

and very similar to the Irish potato, is quite likely to have little Morning Glory, lavender blossom;
A night bird saw the firefly flit, oppor- Mexican Ipomcea, white Mexican Moon
beans, sugar cane, etc. They have Seeking then a toothsome bit, tunity to secure education in that line. small Flower; Balsam Apple, the variety with
scarlet fruit.
100,000 tobacco plants well advancedon And as it mounted higher, it The much-needed .change in farm life

seven acres, and at least 160,000not Was swallowed lamp and all; cannot be brought about by an over- trTo all who purchase eight cents' worth of

yet transplanted.--Bartow Courier- "There! I'm not sorry-not whit," burdened mother. The hope which seeds, sending self-addressed,stamped envelope,
I will send of
a packet fine Watermelon Seed,
Informant. lit glow worm whispered "that I'm will lead the farmers into higher and saved from choice melons by myself; or if preferred -
Crotalaria seed.
From a little patch on the Flagler Just as my:Maker thought was fit, better lives is the possibilities whichare tST'lf seeds or plants do not give satisfaction,

farm Mr. Rowley raised last year 100 For earthly glow-worms small. open to their sons and daughters. would be glad to be informed. .

pounds of tobacco and out of this he They can be educated. Careful plansfor M. G. MILLS,

cigars. The labor of There passed that way an aged man, daughters will afford them the
got 2,000 grow- With failing sight he tried to scanHis op- St. Thomas, 1'asco County, Fla.
ing this small patch was not over $10 onward path and laid his plan, portunity becoming queens as house-

and the cigars were a scent grade. To reach the road that crooked ran, wives during the next generation, and

. :Mr. Rowley has this season a large Close to the glow worm's light; then will the future hope of the farmer it as existing now. It is the presence ,

field already set in tobacco and is setting With trembling step he felt his way, be realized.-Am. Ag. of an undue proportion of negroes in
''I fear me I have gone astray;" the Southern States that at once gives :
out more plants as fast as they ..t.-
But, then, he spied tiny ray, rise to the race problem and makesit
get to be large enough in the plant The Unaided Solution of
And in cracked voice was heard to say, the Southern -
bed. lIe is much pleased with his "Thank God,for that, to-night." Race Problem. a question" belonging peculiarly to
the South. Mr. Van de
experiment last season, as it proved to MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. GraaB'gives
Much has been said and written the result of
him that the best tobacco can be St.Thomas, Fla.Marking. investigations, extending -
grown about the race problem confronting t over a number of years, into
here and that it will to it.
:Mr. Rowley, previous pay to last grow season Napery.For the South. No solution of it yet pro- the movement of negroes in the South,
Our Rural Home. posed has met general acceptance. and the results as he presents them in
had never seen a tobacco plant so
that it does not require a life-long, experience Fashion decrees that the table cloth Probably the discussion of the ques his Forum article are very striking.For .
tion thus far has resulted in little beyond show
must be little conclusively over
to grow tobacco in this sec monogram placed a tone o
tion.-San Mateo Item. side of the space covered by the securing recognition of its importance much the greater portion of the Sduth

center piece. The old place (as the as only less than that of the race problem does not exist in the

The first pineapple shipment for the center of the side border) is still slavery itself. Are we drifting, then sense in which he has defined it. In
season from the East Coast went this by however also the old and are we to continue to drift, as the whole South the tendency is towarda
week from the Port Rico fields of G. ,
English letters. before the war, until danger becomes more equal distribution of the blacks

C. Matthams, just south of town. Thisis Several new stamp-designs have imminent and critical? How fares it and the dissipation of black majorities.A .

natural and as it should be, con this year, the scroll embellished appeared with the patient who has rejected the remarkable tendency also exists on .

sidering the efforts and energy of the letters being especially pretty. Some preecriptions of the social doctors ? the part of the negro to drift away

planter. Mr. Matthams said yester- floral letters are also neat but the It is the cheerful thesis of a notewor- from the farms into the cities. This

day to a Sun reporter : "I have be. scroll designs are newer. thy article by Mr. A. S. Van de Graaff, passing of the negro from the fields

gun the shipment of apples from our No silk can equal white Caspian of Alabama, which will appear in th towns is, in Mr. Van de

Porto Rico plants in the open field, floss for this work; it seems to be just May Forum, that all is well; that th eGraaff's opinion "obviously a fact of
thus showing that the freeze of last problem is already in of solu the in
the right twist for the heavy, solid process greatest importance, not only
year did not damage these plants as letters but fine dam tion by the spontaneous operation of its bearing upon his status and distribution
upon very, very
much as it did others. Last week I
ask the Asiatic filo be more ad the same fundamental economic law within the South itself,but also
sent seven half crates away, the ap which under the different conditions : the
vantageously used, as it is a trifle finer upon question he is to
pIes running eight to the half crate. than the former. of slavery, brought it into exist remain in the South in relatively excessive -

Today we shipped eleven more halfcrates ence. numbers and element of
as an
Napkins should be marked to match
each containing eight apples; the cloths, the or initial The race problem, in Mr. Van de its population not shared in an appre
so you see what pineapples they were being placed in one corner, where Graaff's opinion, arises out of the ciable degree by the North. Once

Many weighed from eight to nine and when it is folded in the customary unequal distribution of the negroes in i loosed from the stability of country
thousands pounds each. We have square, it cannot fail to add to the attractiveness the United States. "It will certainly life, taught to maintain himself in the .

more, rapidly coming on of a table. ELIZABETH. be agreed that, if the negroes now city, and placed on the great high
and shall be
shipping" them every few within our borders-were evenly distributed ways of travel, the negro has taken

days from now on. Mr. Matthams' The Farmer's Home. over the country so that i in the first and longest step out of thee

apples are among the finest, and he i is no State or region did they form South altogether. The transition from

to be congratulated upon his RUTH T. STOKES, KANSAS. than
prospects one-eighth of its population, we Richmond to Philadelphia, or from

of success this season.Tropical.. 1 There is much about some farm would have no race problem in the Nashville to Chicago, comparatively_

Sun. homes which might be improved. The sense in which we commonly speak of easy, and it may be made by easy

." .. .


-. .


__ . ,
**-- h '-- -... -" -.." -- --- ._- -- '- --- --

-- -

t. .

ir.r.i .

I .-...... .'
? <" .

I .

i -

stages." In brief Mr. Van de Graatr's Paramount Humbug.

figures suffice to show that the negrois Sciatic Rheumatism and Its
This is a of important electionsand
capable of year
migration on a large 1
scale, and that neither by choice nor the politicians of all parties will CUre,

necessity is he to remain fixed in the soon be abroad in the land importuning -

Southern States. Mr. Van de Graaff the farmer to cast his vote for the From the Gazette,Burlington, Iowa.

concludes his Forum article-a nota- Democratic, Republican or Populist The story of Mr..Tabor's nearly fatal -

ble one it is too-with a just tributeto party as the case may be. So far as attack of sciatic rheumatism is familiar I i

the South's practically undeveloped the national election is concerned it to his large circle of acquaintances, but iLINE
for the benefit of others and those simi-
for the farmer
proper to cast his ,
and boundless
\ resources possibilities.He .
larly afflicted, the Gazette has investigated -
vote for the that
"Great has the industrial party represents his
says: as been the matter for publication. Mr. Ta-
advance madeconsiderable as political principles and belief. Thisis bor is secretary and treasurer for the
i also true to some extent of the State Commercial Printing
t t appears the present immigration move- Company, with of-
ment, they but faintly foreshadow the officers, but the farmer has little in- ces in the Hedge Block and resides at Shortest Most
development hand. If dividual interest in who is Governoror 417 Bassett Street, Burlington, Ia. A Quickest,
now at so Gazette man
sought an interview with
much has been done in the last thirty Secretary of State. When it comes Mr. Tabor at his place of business today .ROUTE:

years under such disadvantages and down to members of the State legisla- and, although he was busily engaged BETWEEN

practically unaided by immigration, tures and county officials he has a with imperative duties, he talked freely FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH

what we not when that direct interest in it. These are the and feelingly on the subject of his recent THE
may expect
rich tide which has created the empire people he does business with and who severe cure.sickness and subsequent wonderful Florida Central and Peninsular .

'/ States of the Northwest is turned in control local affairs. When on elec- "Yes," said Mr. Tabor, "I can safely NEW

f. even greater volume southward? Only tion day you go to the polls to cast say that I am a well man, that is, my old THROUGH ROUTES
New York
/ the marvellous growth of the great your ballot, cast it for the man who is trouble with rheumatism has entirely New :Florida Pennsylvania to R. R. to Wash-by

West itself best qualified to faithfully perform the disappeared but I am still taking Pink and }ington, Southern Railway to
n can guide the imaginationin Pills and will keep on taking them as Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
duties of the office. What difference Air LIne. Peninsular to all principal
the forecast and
attempting even long as I continue to grow stronger and
points in Florida.
j that must be surpassed. To the South does it make in the performance of healthier, as I have been every day since 1 Cincinnati to Harriman June-

unquestionably belongs the future." the duties of his office whether a I began to use them. You will not won- Cincinnati, tion by Queen & Crescent
. good, capable honest man is a Demo- der at my profound faith in the meritsof Harriman Junction to Ashe-
Asheville &
I villa and Columbia Southern
t The Best Country on Earth. crat, Republican or Populist. If he Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People Railway, and by Florida- ...
is honest the best and i after you have heard what I have to Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Colum
I o most capableman tell you. About one year ago I was J bia to Jacksonville.
The resources of the United States for the office of any of the can- stricken suddenly with sciatic rheuma- Cincinnati to Jacksonville by

exceed those of any other country, didates then vote for him regardlessof tism and was confined to my bed. It Cincinnati and Queen, Southern& Crescent R'y to to Chattanooga Ever--

while her debt is the least. Only $15 what you or he may believe on grew worse and rapidly assumed the form Florida)f ette,Florida Central & Penin-
of inflammatory rheumatism. I suffered Limited sular to all important Florida
capita Great Britain's national questions. What John Jones points.
per against $90, constant and acute pains and all the tortures -
France's $115, with other European thinks about the tariff has nothing to which that horrible disease is Kansas; City Kansas City, Fort Scott &
capa- Memphis R.R.to Kansas ,
countries varying from $30 to $75, do with the duties of an assessor; ble of inflicting. At length under the andJackso'vllle 1 to Birmingham, Southern RTy

with no prospect of paying neither does what Wm. Smith thinks constant care of a local physician- I was Thro Line to Everette to, Fla.all Fla.CentralPeninsular nninta.&
about the enabled to return to my work, but onlyat -
That per capita is growing under money question have anything St. Louis to Jacksonville by
the administration about to do with the performances of intervals. Severe attacks would ap- }Cairo Short Line to Du Quoin,
present $
i a I pear regularly in my back and descend Holly Sp'gs Illinois Central to HOllY p'gs.
year, and Uncle Sam is talking sen. the duties of the sheriff. The sameis into my leg and foot, and threatened to Route. Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham

ously of changing his manager, with true in regard to members of the make me a permanent cripple. I tried J R'y to Everette to Birmingham and F. C.,Sou.& I'.

the hope of an improvement.Bad legislature, and the .other county various remedies for rheumatism, but Sioux City&Chicago to Jack-
officials. without any beneficial results. I grew sonville. Ill. Cent. to Holly
has been the Holly Sp'gsRoute.
as management, pale, weak, and haggard, and my }Sp'gs. K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
the people have confidence in the Politicians of any party will not and friends grew alarmed at my family condi ette and the, Sou.F. C.R'y& P.to Ever-' ..
and the of its with this.Ve don't tion.
country stability government agree expect Louis'ille& Nash'ille to River
and asked for six times as them to. It is simply plain, hard, "About eight weeks ago my mother in- New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
: duced me to try Dr. Williams Pink Pills To }route with through sleepers
much of its promises to pay as were common horse sense. It is practical Jackso'vllle between New Orleans and
for Pale
offered. and the importance of it needs to be People, you know the result Jacksonville.The .
Before I had used one box I felt F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
infused into the farmers just as muchas greatly relieved and much stronger. I Florida running through the

For the Florida Legislature's ConsId- the best methods of growing crops. continued their use and improved rapidly. Tobacco Regions,
Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
eration. So long as the farmer remains hidebound I have now taken eight boxes and 1 Peach and Strawberry Land,
to one on local and feel'like a new man and completely cured Orange,Banana and Pineapple Co'.ntry,
any party
We notice an attempt to pervertthe all of which is due to the efficacy of Pink Phosphate Belt.
legislative affairs, just so long will he Has the Silver Spring and
agricultural and stock papers to They are invigorating and thor- Other Fine Scenery.
base their columns get left in the procession as he has in oughly wholesomeand have helped me in The Great Hunting Country.
by using
the past. Carrying out this plan every way." Reaches the Noted Fishing Ground.
boom the razor-back Has the best lands for tillage, greatest
means good citizenship. It means In reply to inquiries, Mr. Henry, the of soils m the State and above all
Florida, the meanest of all razor- druggist, stated that Dr. Williams Pink
good, honest capable men in office Runs over the Central Rldgeland
backs-as a good stock to cross improved and honest and effective local Pills were having a large sale, that it was Where it Is High and Healthy.
breeds upon. In the name of an government particularly gratifying to him to know Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
I that the customers themselves were the best freight facilities for any produce to
what have breeders
common nonsense, When a politician comes around highly pleased with the benefits they had the Northern markets.
Send also for the best of Florida
been doing these thirty or map (sent
forty this year and tells you that it is your derived from their use; that many of free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAODONELLG.P.A.
years but trying to get as far away them stated that the pills were the only ,
duty" to the
from the razor-back as possibletrying "paramount support medium that had done them any good; Jacksonville,Fla.
to breed every trace of his worthless ticket, when you know that that they not only gave quick relief, but
of there are better and more capablemen permanent benefit. That the pills do sell The Fla Cent. & Peninsular R.
blood the
out ?
hog species for the local offices on the other and that the pills do cure is a certainty. Offers to ShippersThe
Would gentlemen have us go back Williams' Pink Pills contain in
tickets set down politician as a a
your Shortest and Quickest Route
half way to the place and time where He condensed form, all the elements neces-
the present great improvement started paramount humbug. wants your sary to give new life and richness to the BETWEEN

by adulterating the better blood of f I' votes, nothing more. After he gets it j I I'he blood and restore shattered nerves. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

with the scrub blood of the will have no more use for you They are also a specific for troubles pe- THE EAST AND WEST.
today until the next election-Southern Ru- culiar to females, such as supressions, irregularities'and With Improved Ventilated Cars,this company -
dark ages of hog breeding? The ralist. all forms of weakness.In is better equipped than ever ever to
legion of devils that went out of the --.... men they effect a radical cure in all handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and .

lunatic and took refuge in a herd of f Tax Assessor Bell has compiled cases arising from mental worry, over- to insure all Eastern close connections and Western and Markets.prompt despatch

razor-back hogs were hard to breed work or excesses of whatever nature. ,'I Through oars to destination without
his agricultural report of Alachua Pink Pills are sold in boxes only, at 50 delay.
change or
out; and now that the great end i is county, and forwarded it to Tallahas- cents a box, or 6 boxes for $2.50;and may Perishable freight followed by wire and

almost accomplished, we are advisedto 1 see. The report shows that during be had of all druggists, or direct by mail shippers advised time passing various Junc-
devils and from Dr. Williams* Medicine Co. Schen- tion points and arrival at destination.
recall cross our 1895 the absence of orange culture All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-

good hogs upon them. This is one caused a great increase in the acreage ectady, N.-Y. -..---- ly adjusted.

of the things that it will not do to do. and yield of corn. The report esti- The truckers of DeSoto did well via See F.that C. & P.your R. R.goods are marked

I -Farm and Ranch. mates the increase at 25 per cent. during the season. Oranges are being For information call on or address the undersigned -

I And this is.the animal the Florida The increase in the cotton yield is sold on the trees at $1.50 half cash. C. E. TAYLOR: ,Trav.A'gt Ocala Fla.

I legislature is' sworn to protect, and even more marked, being estimated at DeSoto county will ship many crates W. B. TUCKER.Gen.A'g'i .Orlando, Fla.

declare a' white man has no rights 40 per cent. The report compares this year. The guava crop will be W.G. M.R.HOLDEN FULLER,Trav.Trav.A'jrt A gt,,Tampa Leesburg., Fla.Fla

that he is bound. to respect.-So. Ru- favorably in the matter of vegetableswith the largest ever known around Punta OrN.S. PENNINGTON Jacksonville,Traffic Manager,Fla. $-

ralist. that of previous years. Gorda. W, H. PLEAflANTS, General Freight Art .
'0 '
..' "


..- .. -. -......... ...--. -

IT' -- --'''=' I''C.-- : ;. _:.. -::;; :: :- -
; .
,. ; ""'' ._. _. ,__, __ _
.' .,- .. .., ': ... :,.... = _- ... '' ''' -" .' __, __,'. _.___ ._ .' _'--. .
f.. a

-: '





State Horticultural Society. Annual Address of President definitely determine the value of corn
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower Adams.On .
Up to ten o'clock a. m. Wednesday meal as a specific manure for the
the opening of the ninth annual strawberry.For .
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main morning the Secretary had issued 380
meeting of the State Horticultural So- this purpose he selected a pieceof
Street Jacksonville.Fla. .
of paid membership.This
up ciety President Dudley W. Adams deep sandy loam which had beenin

membership indicates pretty delivered his usual address. It was cabbage the year before, for which

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION closely the attendance for the sessionup largely devoted to fallacious experimenting crop it had been fitted by turning

For One Year ...u.u.......................fa.ooFor to that time but not for each meeting horticultural and agricultural under a heavy crop of clover which
Biz Months....................... ..... 1.00 ,
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 as of the members seize humbugs of various kinds. We quote had been treated to a heavy coat of
."Subscriptions in all cases cash in many from it the following : plaster. In addition to this it had
this occasion do
advance. No discount allowed on one's !upon to some sight- The most glaring defect in experimentation been heavily dressed with well rotted

own subscription(except in a club),but to seeing and shopping and do not attendall has been and is a loose, barnyard manure and one ton per
all liberal cash commission will
be allowed agents a on all subscriptions obtainedby the meetings. scattering unsystematic way of con- acre of Prof. Rawbone's ammoniated

them. Write for terms. The report of Secretary A. H. Man ducting the experiment. Having but phosphate. These fertilizers were of

To every new subscriber we will send, ville showed the work of the Society one object in view no notice is takenof course, completely exhausted by the
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- other influences which are potent to cabbage, which is a gross feeder. He
ing in Florida." For two new sub- during the preceding twelve months. affect the result. The conclusions carefully plowed this piece of ex-

scribers, at $3.00 each, we will send, The present membership of the Soci-- reached have been by such loose reasoning hausted land, using no fertilizer what
postpaid, of Moore's "Orange
Culture." a copy ety is made up of two honorary members and on such incomplete data ever. He raked it fine and planted it

Rates of advertising on application. nineteen life members, and 35 r that to an analytical mind they are of to Triomph de Gand. After the

Remittances should be made by check, annual members, making a total of no value. planting he took a quantity of corn
postal note, money order or registered For instance an orchard was plantedin meal and after carefully sifting it to
letter to order of 372. comparison mem. rich ground, cultivated with care remove all extraneous substances he '.

:FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, bership of former years, showed and liberally manured. It grew agace. put a teaspoonful around each hill

Jacksonville, Fla. some interesting facts of growth. The Year after year it put on its robe of and raked it in with a fine tooth

membership of 1893 was 248; of beautiful green but no fruit. comb. You will notice what great
Disgusted and discouraged the care was taken to make this experiment
1894 383 and of 1895, The 1
; 479-
CONTENTS. owner seeded it down to grass and decisive.
membership of each is added to
year made a pasture of it when, presto, a The plot was kept scrupulouslytilled

Oranges in One Year; Bearing Grove Near considerably at the annual meeting, magnificent crop of fruit bent the and all runners clipped as fastas

Jacksonville ......... 291 I and it will probably receive this increase branches to the ground. Here was they appeared. The corn meal
Treatment of Orange Sprouts; Camphor in the week. Sec- proof positive that-an orchard shouldbe caused luxuriant IOn
Florida;To Save the Groves as by Fire.. 293 during present a most growth.
Grasshoppers In The Groves; Guava Jelly; retary Manville: said that he thoughtit seeded down to grass and pastured. the approach of bloom the |
Canaigre;Tomatoes in The Drouth ...... 293 Another man planted a poor lot of ground was covered with finely cut
Remedies for Cut Worms; New York.Market would reach very closely to 500 meadow to orchard. For years the wild hay between the rows. In due

Notes;An Ezp'rimentwith Sumatra Tobacco names for the current year. trees had a rough and tumble fight for time blossoms appeared and fruit followed
Good Rates
POULTRY-; Food, Meat on and Vegetables.Eggs; Hens vs. 294 The necrology for the past year existence. They grew slowlymosscame and such fruit the oldest in-

Cows-Royal Battle for One Year; Poultry showed four deaths among the mem: on the bark. The leaves were habitant had never seen. The quantity

Information........................... 295 of the These small and yellow year after year and was immense, the size enormous
bership Society. wereJ.
OUR RURAL HOME-A Fable;Marking Napery still no fruit. At last fully convincedthat and the quality and beauty simply
;The Farmer's Home; Unaided Solu- W. Cook of Okehumkee, CharlesW. orcharding was a failure, but de superb. Some sold at $1 per quart
tion to the Southern Race Problem......
296 Hawkins of Damon termined the land
The Best Country on Earth;For the Florida Georgetown, to use for other and the average price for the whole
legislature's Consideration; Paramount Greenleaf of Jacksonville, and JohnW. purposes the owner broke up the sod, crop was sixty-four cents per quart.

Humbug... .......................'...... 297 Rush of New Smyrna. The manured heavily with stable manure That acre of strawberries brought
EDITORIAL-Personal State Horticultural and potash when like magic the moss
; finances of the Society showed that $3,438.32 net, and all from the use ofa
Society; Annual Address of President disappeared from the bark. The leaves
Adams ........................ ......-..... 298 $570 had been received from mem- and and he teaspoonful of corn meal to each
Markets............ ......................... 299 grew large green was rewarded plant. I take these figures from a report -
bership fees and $84 from donationsand with loads of luscious fruit.
Weather and Crops-GovernmentReport. 300 made by the grower to the
Nitrogen Crops;The Cow Pea.....-........... 301 other sources, making a total of What is the verdict of the owner? Fragaria Society. He closes his
Correspondence ............................. 304 That an orchard cannot be grown in
$663. Of this amount, $256 had report with the recommendation of
sod but have cultiva
must constant
been turned over to the treasurer, and corn meal as the most wonderful and
tion. He has tried the experimentand
Weather in Jacksonville. $407 was still in the hands of the knows from experience.A profitable fertilizer for strawberries,
and to remove all doubt of this agenthe
Week Ending May 4, 1896. secretary to be turned over. neighbor of his who is in the states that his neighbor Flint, immediately -

... habit of writing for the noticed
a a o a asDATE. There are few things of which papers adjoining had a strawberry
.. a .w. q!! = : o w Florida has greater reason to be proud this venture in experimental horticulture field which received no corn meal and
GO GO ::s and at once wrote to the Slab
- than she has of the number in consequently did not produce a half
April s.8........ 70 70 80 63 17 72 .00 large ( City Farmer that "a neighbor of mine,
April s.9........ 68 81 61 20 to her of
72 71 .00 proportion population) men had an orchard that was unthrifty and crop.While
Apra 3o........ 66 72 81 59 22 70 .T harvesting this wonderful
May I........ 71 72 84 64 zo4 .00 engaged in the noble calling of soil unproductive. A short time ago he our friend Gates received numerous J
....... 86 crop
May 2. 72 70 64 22 75 .27
May 3........ 71 76 8S 6S 20 75 T culture who are intelligent enough to applied liberally of stable mannre and calls, among whom was old
:May 4........ 72 73 86 70 16 78 .19 now he has one of the most vigorousand who has
associate themselves in Farmer Snodgrass a poor v
-- -- together a J
)lean........ 70 72 83 64 20 74 .46 productive orchards in the neigh- opinion of such small things as straw- j
body like this and maintain it in increasing
borhood thus that
-Total rainfall.T showing J. J. berries and strawberry growers. Still
Trace. vigor year after year. Thomas was right when he said this splendid show arrested even his

A.J. MITCHELL Observer. There are very few of these men 'Nothing for general use is equal to attention, and he came into the lot

who are not capable of standing up stable manure' ." determined to get at the bottom secretof

on their legs and making accurate, About this time one of those Kali success. He pumped Mr. Gates
Personal. men who think potash is the panaceafor till he got at the fact of the plowing
minute scientific
statements of their
Secretary Manville, of the State all horticultural ills, saw this place under the plaster-treated clover crop.A .
Horticultural Society, is concernedlest experience and observations in some and published the fact that a liberaluse sudden smile lighted up his heavy

those who read the article, Buds branch of soil culture. of potash had restored a dying orchard ,features, a peculiar light shone in his

and Budding," in our last issue {of Nothing could more positively as- to health and strength, and eyeand with a half-uttered "corn meal,

which the first paragraph was not In. sure the perpetuity and the prosperityof warned all people of the great dangerof ugh!" he disappeared.

tended for publication), should think the orange industry than the fact using any sort of animal manure as The next week the following appeared -

that he allowed himself to use his official that it has hehind it such a body of tending to make a soft, diseased and in the Weekly Plowjogger:

position as a means of money-get- trained and resolute men. unproductive growth. Moral,use mineral I Dear Plowjogger-I have just seena

ting. Those who are conversant with Almost the same officers are elected manure and have healthy trees wonderful instance of the value of

the facts will not need to be assuredto year after year; the Society has the and solid fruit. clover as a renovator of exhaustedsoils.

the contrary. They will rememberthat cohesion and the steadiness of a bank. An amateur strawberry grower of Friend Gates turned under a

quite to the contrary from this,he I It is largely due to its excellent corpsof an experimental turn of mind was heavy crop of clover grown by using

generously covered into the treasuryof i officers that the roll of members is told that corn meal was a most de- plaster. Last year he grew an enormous -

the Society last year his entire annual i kept so well filled and the interest so desirable fertilizer for strawberries, so I crop of cabbage, and this year ,

salary. I well sustained. he decided to try the experiment to !;he planted it to strawberries.

.- -- '.<- ,,-.- -. -.-' -- .. -.,--- .--. ----,. -. --.-" -"- -
-- ---

_-,",.. .-;" ;" ....". .-
'' '


j /
:. I '::,

I .. .

4,. -



J .".

, The result is the finest crop I ever flarkets. THE; .

saw and the acre will bring him at

! least $3,000. To show that all this FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

grand crop is to be attributed to the ,
clover I will that the
. state just over
; fence on precisely similar land, Mr. .

t, Flint planted strawberries without These are Corrected average by quotations.Man Bros.Extra choice The Oldest National Bank in the State. '

clovering and the whole crop will not lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor

pay ground rent. Could anything be lots Strawberries selllower., per quart............... 04 to .08 CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894. .
more conclusive? Lemons, Messina box............... 3.00103.50 By conservative,yet liberal methods,this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity ,
English Peas, dried bu.... .......... 1.50 strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands. .
Respectfully yours, Peas, Clay, bushel ............ ....... .85 We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
Whippoorwill .................. 1.00 drafts on all parts of the world.
J. SNODGRASS.A Lady........_................ 1.25 We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your .
young man neatly dressed and Blackeye..... .................. 1.50 favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention .i
Browneye..... ................ 1.00
carrying a "grip" also saw the show Cocoanuts.... .......... .............. 350 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY ,
and accosted Mr. Gates with all the Peanuts best brand..... ............. .0510.06 President. Cashier/ ,
Cabbage. Florida (wanted), each..... 06 to .08 ., .....
blandness and grace of a fertilizer Potatoes,New York,bbl............. 1.25
He him his sacks...................... 1.00 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
agent. congratulated on New York Seed Potatoes-

fine crop and when the fact came out Early Rose........................ 1.35
Hebron...... .... ............... 1.35
that the preceding crop had receiveda Peerless..o.................. 1.35 THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare
ton of Prof. Rawbone's Dakota Red ...................... 1.35
superphos- Chili Red......... ............... 1.35 ;.
phate his youthful face actually Ten barrel lots, IOC.less. offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and 96, including limited supply of .
Onions, New Bermuda, bushel crate 1.75 "
glowed with satisfaction, and he Eggs....... .,...ffnn.-. .__ .10 GENUINE BOONE'S' EARLY TREES AND BUDS
said "good day" in exuberant VEGETABLES AND POULTRY.

spirits. He immediately repairedto Also Grape Fruit, Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet Bessie. Tangerine and
his hotel and Dear Corrected by Davis & Robinson. common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
Yellow Yams,bush .................. .30 to .35 stocks. Write for prices to'V. .
Prof. Rawbone: have just seen Sweet Potatoes ...................... .30 XV. HA ICINS & OJVS. : r.
the most magnificent of Hubbard squash, bbl................. 1.50 Georgetown, Fla
crop Lettuce, doz....... .... ...........?.. .06to .10
strawberries ever grown. It will net Celery ..... ........... ........?..... .20 to .35 DAVIDSON & .
the andI Egg Plants, bbl.......................3.00104.00 < co.,
owner over $3,000 per acre, .... .. ..
Tomatoes, crates. ... ......i.oo to 1.50
am proud to say his success may be Sweet Pepper,bu. .....................None. COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Green Beanscrate...... ......... .... .50 to I.SO *
attributed to the use of your super- Peas,crate..................... .SO to .75
phosphate on the preceeding Turnips,bunch...... .......... ....... .03 to .o6 .
crop. Pumpkins, each....................... .05 to .10 -2: HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS if-
This result is all the more noticeable Kershaws, each.... ....... ......... 05 to .10 "
because just over the fence a neighborhas Parsley, doz.bunches ...... ...... 08 to .10 Oranges, Lemons, Pineapples, Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.
Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to .25 .
a strawberry plantation, but as he Pepper,hot.bushel,...................11 one. No. 20 West Front Street, CINCINNATI, 01110. .
Sage well cured Ib..........._........ .25 ,
had used no superphosphate, his crop Hens....... -_..__........_..1... .30 to.35
is inferior. Roosters..*.._....**.......9+9._*v. .25 300 ACRES IN NURSERY. 0 ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. O 38TH YEAR.
every way Half grown...._....M................ .25
Yours etc, Turkeys, per pound,gross........_ .10 to .12
BEN SPOONEY Ducks....,..............._* ........... .35 FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.
Geese ........_...................... .35 to.40
Agent.P. New Beets per 100. ......o to .75 I
Oriental Plums
Pears Japan on :Marianna Stocks Persimmons
Japan Giant Loquat, Strawberry
S. I will write out these facts, Cauliflower WaterCress, per doz.doz......bunches..................... .75 to 1.50.25 Plants. Grape Vines Cinnamon, etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens, Camelias, 50,000 PalmsIooooCamphorand
get Mr. Gates to sign them and it will Leeks per doz bunches.............. .25 treesRoses. The Greenhouse Department is the largest and
in' the Southern
Radishes, per doz................ ..... .10 to .20 most complete States. We grow everything! in trees and plants suited to Southern -
r make a splendid certificate for your Cucumbers crate..... ............... i.oo to 2.00 horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta, Ga. No Agent
next circular. per barrel ........... 2.00 to 3.50
S inch,per bushel ................. .50 .
The next visitor was farmer Broadacre Cabbage, Florida .................... .02 to .06
Wild Ducks......... ..... .......... .15 to .35 Companion, BROTHER & CO.
who had got rich by farming and Rabbits............................... .10 PITTSBURGH, PA.
who is looked to as a sort of an Squirrels..... ....................... .08 to .10
i I up Quail ....... ...... .................... .J2tf ever delightful and welcome, is found in Fruits and Produce
oracle by the community in which he Doves................................. .06 The Youth's Companion, established
.......... ReceIve and tell in car toad tots and
lived. His mind at Salsify, per dozen bunches. .2S to .30 smaller
practical once 1828, yet growing more vigorous each quantities all Prodnou of the Orchard.Qarde% _.
concluded that such a crop could not year. Its Announcements for the coming Dairy,Hennery and farm. "
twelve months are well worth read- Send for our little book,"Suggestions to Shipper.Market
be the result of treatment
any superficial New York Markets. BeporU,Special Reference,BteneiU,tie.,all free. ;
and he questioned friend Yates ing.The remarkable weekly circulation of Inquiries and Correspondence Invited. -:"

till he unearthed the fact that this Strawberries. The Companion testifies to the general .

piece of ground was underdrained by Norfolk, prime, 13 to 15; common to appreciation of its worth; to the elevated I
three-inch horse shoe tiles 33 Ji feet good, 9 to 12; North Carolina, Hoffman, tone of everything it prints, as well as Bradley Redjleld. Eugene B. RcdJUW.

apart and two feet eleven inches deep. 12 to 14; average prime, 10 to 12; poor of its interest for boy and girl, father ESTABLISHED 1871.
fair to 9 Charleston Hoffman and mother alike.
to 7 ; extra ,
Then saying his "good day" he fancy, 18; choice, 14 to 16; fair to Those who make the acquaintance of ,

mounted his buggy and rode away. good, 12 to 14; common, 10 to 12; Florida i The Youth's Companion for the first Commission Merchants Y

This is what followed : open crates, refrigerator car, good to time this year will find it entertaining,

} To Hon J. Sterling Morton, Secretary choice, 10 to 12; open crates, common to instructive, generous and healthful. AMD-
who for have receivedits
fair, 6 to 8. Those many years
1 Agriculture, Washington C.: Vegetables. weekly visits will find in it an old Fruit Auctioneers,

DEAR SIR-I have today seen an Receipts today include by Bermuda and true friend, more welcome than "-
141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
example of the good effects of under- steamer 32,554 crates onions and 400 various ever.
which is convincing thatit ; Havana steamer 170 various; Savannah To all new subscribers, and to those We handle all kinds of Fruit and Vegetables,
I draining so : steamer 3,500 bbl crates and renewing their subscriptions, The Companion either at private sale(which has heretofore been
should have national notoriety sends free its handsome four- our custom)or by the auction system (recently
small crates Old Dominion steamer
4,000 ; added to our business)as yon may desire.
through your department. Mr. Gates, 900 pkgs. peas, 1,300 pkgs. radishes page Calendar for 1896. The four sea

; near here has an acre of strawberries and 500 pkgs. asparagus. Penn. railroad sons have been appropriately picturedin

which I believe exceeds anything ever 5,194 pkgs. cabbage, 3,423 pkgs. peas, 940 watercolors, reproduced by lithogra-
tomatoes 750 pkgs. beans 224 phy, size of each page 7x10 inches. Ad-
The will bring near pkgs. : .
grown. dress The Youth's Companion 195
105 cucumbersand ,
pkgs. WORK
pkgs. asparagus, QUICK
I think I hazard nothing in
$4,000. 240 pigs various. Columbus Avenue, Boston, Mass. ,

attributing his success to his thorough Beets, Florida, per crate, 1.25 to 1.50; --- In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg

\ system of underdraining, for his neighbor Fla. & Ch'n, per 100 bunches 5.00 to 7.00 low, crook neck, basket, 1.00. Tomatoes, GIVE etables GOODS shipped SENT to us US is our BY motto.GROWERS WE

with only a fence between, has Carrots, Fla. &; Ch'n, per 100 bunches, Fla. prime large, per carrier, 1.75 to 2.00; FIRST PLACE BECAUSE; WE; NEVER
underdrains and his strawberrycrop 2.50 to 4.50. Cauliflower, Florida, per prime to good, per carrier, 1.00 to 1.50. BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
I no basket 3.00 to 4.00. Cucumbers, Flonda our 40 years experience without default- .
will Whata ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
not pay expenses. per crate, 1.50 to 4.00. Cabbage, Florida, Buffalo Market. financial stability which any bank or
tremendous return for a small sum 1.50 to 2.25; Savannah, 2.00 to 2.50; Ch'n merchants having mercantile reports can

invested in three-inch horse shoe tiles. large, 2.50 to 2.75. Celery, fancy, large, BUFFALO, N. Y., May 4.-Strawberries verify-then METHOD WILL try us-WE SATISFY BELIEVE YOU. Send OUR
doz 75 to 1.00 fair to prime 40 to 60. are practically done and do not advise
With high regard, I am your most I per ; your name for our quotations. Stencil and :
obedient Egg plants, Florida, per box, 2.50 to 5.00. further shipments. Tomatoes are cards free. Letters piompUy answered. .
servant. Lettuce, Florida, per basket, 50 to 1.25; lower and selling 2.00 to 2.50; cabbage
STEPHEN V. BROADACRE. Charleston, per bush. basket, 50 to 1.00; from 1.50 to 1.75; peas 1.00 to 1.25 per FRENCH & CO.,

Then came Mr. Gasport, who is Norfolk, per basket, 40 to 60. Onions, bushel box; beans 1.50 to 1.75;wax beans
chairman of the committee of the Bermuda, per crate, 95 to 1.00. String 2.00 to 2.25; potatoes, fancy stock,5.00 to 116 Warren St, New York. .

State Horticultural beans Sav., wax 3.00; flat 2.50; Florida, 6.00; pine apples, 15 to 22c according to ESTABLISHED 1855.I .
Society to prepare wax, '3.00] ; Florida, green, 1,00 to 2.50. size, etc.

E Continued on page 303. Squash, Fla., white, per crate, 1.00; yel- BATTEBSON & Co.

i i ii il l

f 4f

t i .- -- -- _. -. -. -"- -

--"- ---- .'- """" =-"" ''-'';''''' '"",-" '''' .
.- -

'4; .
.. "
; ;




r -

WEATHER AND CROPS. melon interests need rain, althoughthe Central District:

young vines have progressed, not- Buda-Drouth broken last rain
For week ending :May 4th. at ;
PrecipitationThe withstanding the drougth. Comparedwith Saturday and Sunday; prospect goodfor uccessful l
previous week, the general crop more-W. J. Buda.
week opened generally fair with conditions have improved, although Orlando-Showers fell in several

the winds from an easterly quadrant. light and continued rains with general localities, but the great body of the growers of fruits, berries,

During the day cumulus and cumulo- application throughout the State county is as dry as a powder horn, and all kinds of vegetables,
strat.Clouds prevailed resulting in light would be of great benefit.CORRESPONDENTS' and shower
and distributed showers crops sufferings materially; know that the largest yields and
badly over
REMARKS. yes'erday brought no hail, as was
sections of the Western, Northern and feared best quality are produced by
Western District vegetable
Central districts. In the immediate : redemption-J.; many M. Rice.crops the liberal use of fertilizers
vicinity of the Gulf coast, the rains Pensacola-Drought was broken bya
Mascotte-Rain came on April containing at 10% of
shower Wednesday night with high I 30
On the Milton -
were quite heavy. 29th,
had inches with wind; blew down some fine trees; well and each day after; tomatoes, cukes,
2.50 copious
showers on subsequent dates. tilled crops all 0. K. Fruit droppingtoo i eggplants and strawberries are promising Actual Potash.
-D. H. Rosenberg.SutherlandHot .
Nearly all of the western tier of freely.T. McMillan.
Molino Week all that could be desired and dry; crops
counties made favorable the liberal of Pot.
reports, so stand well dews have Without use
rain and 2d all ; heavy
; on 1St busy put-
moisture is concerned
far as except- soils it is
fallen; some cukes, beans and tomatoes ash on sandy impos-
out planting
Madison and Leon. ting potatoes; corn over;
ing Jefferson
Even in the more favored counties, fields clean; corn and cane look well; being shipped; oranges fresh and sible to grow fruits, berries and
promising.-W. H. Trimmer. green.Hartley. of quality that will
however, the rain was not uniform, pears rains vegetables a
Limona-Light not muchas
and there are large areas and important Marianna-Weather favorable to heavy dews ; as command the best prices.Our .
trees standing
most crops; cotton looking well; ; orange
still but
interests needing gentle drough well, but everything else suf- pamphlets are not advertising circulars boom.
continued rains. com doing very well; other crops ing special fertilizers,but are practical works,contain
about -W. J. Watson. fering.-E. E. Pratt. ing latest researches on the subject of fertilization,and
average. are really helpful to farmers. They ar: sent free foi
TemperatureWhile Dade needs rain
Milton-Excepting a few places, City-Country ; the asking
the weather has been warm, cotton and tobacco doing fairly well GERMAN KALI WORKS,
have had fine rains over county; corn ; 93 Nassau St.,New York.
there has been no marked departurefrom and cotton look fine, although bud plenty vegetables for local demands;

the normal, and under average worm injuring corn; sweet potatoes orange trees doing well.-J as. A.

conditions the heat would have being planted; hail and heavy rain Delcher.
been acceptable. :Mclntosh-No rain during the RAYER
storm on 29th at night; no damage to
week effects of rain week all
CONDITION OF CROPS. crops; peas and Irish potatoes in mar- ; ago
On the whole, the week has been a ket.-G.. Curtis. gone; vegetables suffering very muchon N1 t1 GALVANIZED, $4.00
decided improvement over the pre- Chipley-The severe drought is dry lands; potatoes and beans a SOLID COPPER,$6.50Too
vious one. partially broken by light showers. failure; blight in tomatoes.J.H Bass All Want this Catalog.AllimprovemenuAuto.

While general rains are still needed Oats will be light; no pears and most Lake City.-Local rains badly dis matic Agitator, etc. Will
and essential to even fair crop conditions of peaches falling; corn and cotton tributed.-\V. B. Knight. \ "spray trees 20 ft. high. We
there have been refreshing backward, but with suitable weather Orange City-Slight shower Friday ii J#.\ ," are and the largest sell the manufacturers most. Wet -
though scattered showers over a goodly will come out.-G. A. Danley. afternoon. Not enough to measure; fir: are the originators of low
prices Spray-
portion of the State. Waukeenah-No rain for a month. groves looking well considering drouthall ers- Just send for our must
Cotton and gardens and field crops suffering.S. .- AgentsWan1ed. catalog. never mind stamp.
The western district was favored corn, pindars sweet pota-
IOOX SPRAYER co.ilSwest St. Pittsfield,Mass.
M. Morse.\
with more rain than any other section. toes bad stand; some seed been in the
Some exceptionally heavy falls are reported ground more than a month. There Alafia-Drouth broken; 20-100
from Santa Rosa County. The have been scattered showers in county.J. rain. Local showers plentiful, but no Right in Sight
eastern counties of the western district B. Roach.EUavilleDry. general rains. Field crops not much

had received little more than light rain much needed; injured.-J. H. Frier. Sure Saving Shown
and distributed showers cotton being chopped corn lookingwell Ocala The beautiful rain has come
badly to ;
up Well send you our General Cata.
Sunday. Since then, however, the and most all ploughed; sweet po- at last and the drooping spirits of the logue and Buyers Guide, if yot
conditions have been more favor- toto beds damaged; light shower, but farmers (like their crops) are revived.W. send us 15 cents in stamps. Tha
too late to do any good.-J. H. Lam L. Jewett. pays part postage or expressage, ant
able.The keeps off idlers.
Northern and Central districtswere mons. Southern District:
It's a Dictionary of Honest Values
favored with showers over detached Northern District: Avon Park-No rain yet; clouds Full of important information ru
portions, but the greater area InterlachenVery dry the past six and distant thunder give hope of showers. matter where you buy. 700 Pages
of both districts is still under the influence weeks;'" crops suffered much; corn did Tomato plants nearly ruined; 12,000 illustrations: tells of 40,00

of drougthy weather.A nothing; light rain May i; good rain corn curling badly; pineapples retarded profit articles only and between right price maker of each.and uses On

large territory in Nassau, Baker, on 2d amounting to one-half or three. by drouth, but not seriously; Get it.

St. Johns, Suwannee.and Bradford of quarters of an inch, refreshed every I orange trees not generally suffering.- MONTGOMERY\ ARD & CO.,
the Northern District, and Brevard, thing. Melons coming on well: 0. R. Thacher. 111-116 Michigan\ Ave., ChlcagC!

Polk, Orange, Volusia, Lake, Sumter, peaches dropped badly I ; not enoughrain Manatee-Rain still delayed; some
Hillsborough and Hernando of the yet; orange trees doing well.- parts of the county good rain; hail '

Central district, has received but E. G. Firkins. near Ellenton did damage, stones .
little rain during the past six weeks. Gainesville-Still suffering from dry going through green tomatoes; crops
As a result, all crops have been seriously weather, but local showers have to will be lessened for want of rain.C.V. .

damaged. In many instances some extent prevailed.-H. F. Dutton. S. Wilson.

they have died; others drying up. McAlpin-Dry and hot. Poor Jupiter-Continued dry weather; ..... lot J: LPIJI
Late plantings of corn and cotton stands of cotton; some have to plant nevertheless, pineapples (the fruit) are AH IRISHMAN'S REASON.

have not germinated. Tomatoes over, but will wait till it rains; corn growing larger; orange trees, however, A group of Kentucky farmers were discussing
have been cut very short, and like- ploughed once; looks well; no chancefor look wilted,especially where the facilities others fences. One only, defended" a ratchet device, all the
preferred "the Page Each In turn his
wise other vegetables, except on low- anything to come up till it rains.- I to irrigate are poor.-J. W. reasons, a son of the "ould sod" last. .'13egorra"Isaid eave !
lands, where all crops have done ex. W. B. Black. Cronk. than he be,goin"I'd rayther afther her hev twice a cow a day.that'l"coom up henilf

ceedingly well. Uplands yieldedmore McClenny-last week somewhatmore Stuarts Main crop pineapples.Fine PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich.
quickly to the drougth. Or- favorable; more cloudy and some shower freshened them. No .

ange trees, while not in the best condition showers; not enough to cause seed to drawbacks.-B. Kitching.

., have withstood the dry weather come up; corn doing very well; Lemon City-Weather very dry; Phosphate is being shipped by the
finely. weather favorable for killing grass.- quite warm; melons in need of rain; consolidated phosphate companies
, The deficiency in rainfall over the H. L. Reed. pines are in good condition, maturing known as the Peace River Phosphateand
Southern district is causing some Lake Butler-Crops of all kinds rapidly.-E. L. White.A. Mining Company, at the rate of

apprehension to the pineapple inter- not doing well on account of drougth; J. MITCHELL about 8,000 tons per month.

[ est. Good rains are needed for the showers on first and second light, but Section Director. .

t_ apple to attain the usual size. did considerable good.-John A. -- ......_ Total amount of beans shipped

[ Corn has been ploughed and cotton King. The Tampa Times says that accounts from 32Z acres as given by the growers -

is being put to a stand. The dry Switzerland-No rain until Saturday, from the Manatee country all : Acres, 32*; No. crates, 4342;
t r i weather caused a scarcity in strawberries which refreshed everything; not agree that the crop of oranges down Net per crate, $1.88. Per acre, $255.-

f- and vegetables. Both how-I enough rain to wet through the dry there this year will be immense and 094j; total for 3252 acres, $8,300.50.
ever, are now more plentiful. The S''earth.-W. C. Steele. early. Tropic item in Melbourne Times.

A 4 > _-_0."_,_ ._<'5"4. ._ .__. 0 -. .. ". .. -__ .. d_....._"."_ _Ac ,_ ._ ___ __ '

--- -
-- .- -- .- --. - -. -- -- -- -.--.- -- -- -- -- --'- -

. .

Ii i: .
'1, 1896. THE fllORlDJL fASMtffc AND rttutT-OBOWEB. 801

::1"I 1 ___
!t\\f fI

I: Nitrogen Crops. then, pay tribute to the North for hay JOHN L. MARVIN,

t; that can be grown at home. T. BAYA,President.H. THOS. W. CONRAD,
H. G. HASTINGS. Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
The Spanish'peanut is a splendid hay CAPlTAIi $100,000.
With the exception of muck soils, and grain crop and easily grown. It
almost all of the soils of the South are can be planted in hills one and a half by THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
I deficient in nitrogen, and one of the two and a half feet any time up to ,
best paping crops that the Southern July 1St. The plant can be harvested .
farmer can raise is a crop of nitrogen. entire with the nuts hanging to the JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

It is equally important in sandy and roots and is afterwards fed entire, Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and: Genera
clay soils and without a good supply furnishing a balanced ration of hay Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
of it stored for use of future crops, and grain for the stock. This was r
such crops cannot be grown withoutthe done successfully here last season. INVITED.
application of expensive commercial Another way to utilize this crop is for
fertilizers. fattening hogs. Plant them in a hog- DIRECTORS
There is no section of the country proof enclosure and when the crop is John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin,
where "nitrogen crops" can be so ripe turn your hogs in and they will H. T. Baya, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson, i
easily or successfully grown as in our quickly harvest the crop. hog- Or H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.
southland and there is no part of the proof fence is to keep the thieving
country where such crops are so razorbacks of the range from harvest
needed and so much neglected.The ing the fruit of your labor for their KAFFIR SEED CORN FOR SALE,

staple crops for nitrogen pro lazy owners.
duction are cow peas and beggar weed. For the benefit ot some new comersto BRAISED HERE IN FLORIDA.*

Crimson clover and other clovers are the South who are ignorant of peanut I raised fifteen to twenty thousand grains aud over to the one grain planted,and saved the
not a general success in the South andit planting we would state that it is CHOICEST HEADS FOR SEED. This is not the miserable Sorgo broom-corn trash,that has been
palmed off through catalogues heretofore on us suckers,but I WILL WARRANT EVERY SEED
is a waste of time and money tryingto necessary to remove the outer shell of OF THIS WONDERFUL GRAIN AND FODDER PLANT TO BE PURE.
uncertain when tested the nut, at the same time being carefulnot Plant from now till in July,and raise double the grain and fodder that you can from any other
grow an crop crop. I will send enough seed,prepaid,of either variety to plant one acre for SI; two acres,
and reasonably certain crops can be to break the thin inner skin that $1.75; four acres, 83.
grown at a less expense in soil preparation holds the kernel together. The seed is
and seeding. then in condition to plant when the i ,
soil is moist. I .it.* *T3*
The story of the nitrogen gatheringcrops
has been told again and again The peanut is another "nitrogen
it crop" and is good for your soil, although AND WHY ?
and it is needless for me to repeat
here. There are few general farm i the growth is not as large as HE'S S Sm :
crops that produce $17 worth to the' that of cowpeas or beggar weed.
acre, yet any good crop of "nitrogen
gatherers"it is estimated by competent Chufas are an unexcelled crop for
authorities leaves 100 pounds of available hogs and chickens and no farm :
GfiI\1G The bicycle only weighs from 10 to 23 lbs
nitrogen in the soil for future should be without a patch of them. ,
crops. At market prices for commer- On good land the yield of the nuts is but he wants the best. It doesn't break down,

cial fertilizers this would cost from 17 enormous and for fattening purposeswe i you kuow. Then, again,
believe it to be the most profitablecrop
This is profi-
to 20 cents per pound.
table in dollars and cents for the nitro- that can be grown. We believeit I
I. gen without considering the good best to sow them in drills 18 inches : He Thinks of Selling Bicycles

effect on future crops or the better apart, dropping the seed chufas every ,
mechanical condition of the soil. 4 or 5 inches in the drill Some prefer -
in'hills foot and he wants something that is "305: days
and however, to plant one
Join in the procession grow a
crop of nitrogen this year. apart each way. D ij ahead of them all," so he buys a KEATING.
The Southern farmers did splendidlylast
Let me emphasize again the fact
that it is folly to plant clean beggar year in the matter of home pro IF YOU PDbUW IDEAS S
weed seed before the soil is warm and dnction. Do not let the year 1896go : uUE2
moist. If you plant it in hot dry by without doing even more in IT .
weather it will not come up. The this line than you did in 1895. Keepup you'll follow his and A

I best time in Florida to sow it is at the the good work.-So. Ruralist. Postal, Uncle Sam's aid, and you have our
beginning of the summer rainy season ...
in June.Its The Cow Pea.
* *
value as a soil renovater and a .
stock feed is not confined to Florida. The cow pea occupies the front
We have had extremely favorable reports rank among the leguminous plants asa KEATINQJWHEEL,
of it from all the Gulf States and 1 soil restorer, enjoying: largely the
as far north as Central Arkansas this common property of this family of HOLYOKE, MAGS."UPIODATI" .
past season. The farmers of those utilizing the free nitrogen of the air ;
sections are showing their appreciationof an average pea crop accumulatingover i1r'jjj \ : ft
it by largely increased plantingsthis 100 pounds of nitrogen per acre.
year. Our advice to every reader A rotation of crops is imperatively SPI! t."orJl1PS
who has not already grown it, is to demanded by scientific agriculture, ,

plant it this year. It is profitable in I and any system of rotation in the r : Latest improved, all-bras pumps-warranted for three years .
dollars to do it and that is what we South which omits the cow pea is an over 75OOO in nse. EDdonedbleadiDl Entomologists. Too money
r back it pump doesn't give absolute satisfaction. Prices to fit the
are all striving for. Neither is it egregious blunder.A times. Illnitrited Catalofie$prey Calendar,and TreatlM..gprajlof-aU nalM free.
worth while to pay 46 to 50 cents three years' rotation with five Agents wanted. !.C.LEWIS IlimCTUWfl CO.,Bet ft CiUlill,I.T.

per pound for it under the name of crops, two of which are cow peas, es -- ---- -
"Giant Begger Weed" when you can I. pecially with appropriate fertilizer for HEAPQUAllTEKS FOR IIIG1I GKADE
buy the plain ever day beggar weed each crop, has been found most effect-
(cleaned) for 25 cents or the rough ive in building up worn soils. AND
seed for 15 cents. It is all the same The proper disposition to make of GARDEN FIELD SEEDS
thin pea vines is to convert into hay or -

Don't forget to put up hay and silage feed for stock, carefully the return soil. 93 Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for 07 price-list of Field and Garden Seed iI
fodder enough to last you through the ing the manure therefrom to and 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats.,75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 2S cents per
That is another matter of the The digestive coefficients of peas pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.
year.saving of dollars, yes, hundreds of pea vine hay are high. In the absence -
thousands of them to the South. More of stock to consume the hay, P. F. WilSON SEEDSMAN,
vines should be turned under.- ,
than we
hay and fodder can be grown
can take care of with little effort. Why Louisiana Ex. Station. GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA.


.. -- --.,-- ..- -



: 302 tffiE FLORIDA FARMER AND FfctJflVGfcOWfcB. 1 MAY 9,


a list of fruits for general cultivationin acre and he informs us that none CENT-. ..- WORD" COLUMN. EGGS FOR HATcnI 'G-FOR THE
of the season, from best strains, Barred
the 17th district. He was struck have ever been allowed to grow. This Plymouth Rock, only 60 cents per silting Mrs.

with wonder the He will him after all C. Gomperts Lady Lake. Fla. 5-9-3PARSON
; at sight. examined acre net $3,000.00 RATES.-Twenty words, name and address,

the plantation, tasted the fruit expenses are paid and all from $2.00 one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. Noth- BROWN, WELL ROUNDED
and innocently asked Mr. Gates the per year invested in the Weed Killer's ing taken for less than 25 cents. for early matured fruits good, 50 cents bearing per trees hundred.noted

his Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- Charles Maurice, Killnrney, Fla. it
name of the variety. He was told it Advocate. Per contra neighborjust paid.

the Triomph de Gand. over the fence does not take our Send no stamps larger than two cents. JAMAICA SORREL. SIX, 30 CENTS

What is that paper and his plantation is overrun Initials and figures count as one word. cents, postpaid. Fine for Jelly
variety on your neighbor's and sauce Try it. Tropical Nursery, Avon

plat over the fence? 'Vilson'sAlbany. with weeds and grass and his straw- Park Fla. 5-2-3

berry crop is a failure. 1.Ioral-take BUDWOOD-JAFFA. HOMOSASSA, CEN- POULTRY YARD ESTAR.
,Mediterranean Swee',
Fifteen varieties of
As a result of this visit the committee the papers. And then came Prof. Old Vinl,Magnum Bonum,Maltese Blood, Wash- fowls. Stock 1875.for tale and eggs for hatching.pure-bred In-

: Rhyncospermum Professor of Botanyin ington Navel,Majorca. Nonpareil Matte e Oval cubator $4 hundred. Albert Flies, St.
reported to the State Horticul- Ribbed DuRois. Oran&Lake and Eureka, Genoa eggs per
Nicholas Fla.
tuaal Society that in the 17th district the State University who could ;Lamb, and Sicily Lemons at $5.00 per ICOO,
or 75c per 100. DuRoi Blood Amory's Blood, SALE. FORTY ACRE FARM,
the Triomph de Gand is remarkable scarcely give expression to his delightat Fierce's Ruby. Parson Brown. Dancy Tangerine, FOR miles from railroad, splendid Straw.

,," for size and the crop of fruit and the healthy : Mandarin and Royal, Improved and Seedling berry land, Carp pond, etc. Beautiful new
quality, beauty produc- Pomelos and Mammoth Shaddock, are$i oo per dwelling, 2 stories and attic,6 rooms,gocd stable.
tiveness and will yield over $3,000per luxuriance of the foliage on this 100 stra\ght. W. K. Trimble, Braidentown, Cheap. Owner leaves State. Address,l;. Jaeger,

acre, while Wilson's Albany will plantation. He said it confirms the Manatee County, Fla. 5- -tf St. Joseph, Pasco county Florida.

not pay for cultivation. It is no use the wisdom of following the teachingsof NURSERY TREES-I of the most WILL popular HAVE varietiesfor 20,000 GENUINE Nunan,, Bessie Michel's, Cherokee Early., Stevens Colum-

to expect success in strawberry culture nature in our horticultural opera- delivery this fall and winter. Send in your and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per 1,000, $voo.
is tions. He explained that the straw- orders now, and be sure to get what you want. JULIUS SCHNADELBACH,Lock Box 4,Grand Bay,
unless selection of varieties :
Pric s and particulars on application. W. K. Ala.
made which is adapted to your loca- berry in a state of nature loves a cool Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla. i, GRASS (PASPALUM-
moist soil and this liberal mulch of 5-9-tf LOUISIANA) grass for lawns and permanent

tion.Signed wild is what is needed pastures. Sets, $1.50 per 1,000, by express; fifty
W. Gasport, com. for 17th hay just to I BUDWOOD WANTED-I WANT FROM cents per hundred,postage paid. W.H. POWERS,
each the following varieties
the moisture and Lawtey, Fla.BEGGARWE.
district. secure necessary of buds, viz: King, Boone's Early, Pineappleand
: coolness to the roots. Marsh's Seedless Pomelo. Write me ,
Scarcely had our committeemangone pnces } D SEED, 6c. per pound;
if you; can guarantee your buds to be genuine.W. .
Just behold Your plants are K. Trimble Braidentown and over,$c.; by maillSCo W.
when an old friend of Mr. Gates Fla. 5-9-4 H. MANN, Mannville, Fla. 4-116BUDWOOD.GRAPEFRUIT

I came around to congratulate him on nicely mulched and you have health, A MAN TO TAKE HALF

F his good fortune and claim the credit vigor and production while your WANTED.in Strawbeny farm for another and PAR-
; seascn at St. Thomas, near San Antonio, Pasco ; per
M for himself, for it was by his advice neighbor over the fence has not County. Twenty acres in fine shape. thousand. Also young orange trees. H. HARRISON

that he had clipped the runners in- muched and his plants are weak and Florida.Address, M. Wever, St. Leo, Pasco county, ---,-Dade City, Fla. 4-4-3--

stead of letting them run into a the fruit is scarce and inferior. I 5-2-2 WOO u.-EIGIITY THOUSANDHart's

talk shall write immediately to the Botanical A COLONY FOR JAMAICA. Who will j) Tardiff, Ruby, St. Michael King,
matted bed. After a friendly join? Good government.Rich: soils. Finest Tangerine and Pomelo. J. W. & F. D. WAITE,
and eating abundantly of the fruit Herald a scientific article giving climate in the world. Cheap lands, good trans. Magnolia Grove and Nurseries, Belleview, Fla.328tf.
these facts and the portation. t500< or more necessary. All citrus _
our friend went home and wrote: showing necessityof and tropical fruits grow to perfection. Only
the application of scientific principles those who mean business need apply. H. G. FOR SALE--IMPERIAL DWARF
Dear Farmer and Fruit Grower-I
Burnett,Avon Park, Fla. 522SMOOTII Suckers, 85 per 100,840 per 1000,
take great pleasure in giving your to practical horticulture.And f. o. b.\ cash with order. H. H. WILKINSON,
Rockledge Fla. -21-310.
thus it after Vis-
readers an account of a most remarkable was day day. from large fruiting! plants now
of strawberries just itors came and saw in this corn meal growing at our Modelo Park pit cry. Ready for S TRAWBERRY l-LANTS.-.NO'V IS
crop delivery in July by the 100, j.ooo or 10,000. Also the time to set for good runners. I have loo,-
harvested by my neighbor.It experiment, not corn meal, but a proofof fine Abba* will between the value of some pet hobby of prices. Orlando Grape and Fruit Company t'. cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS, Lawtey,
yield on an acre S. Van Iloulten,Treas., Orlando,Fla. 5-2- Florida. 3-7-4BUDWOOD
$2.000 and 4000. You know I have their own. FOR SALE--Drake Point
BUDDING, TWELVE YEARS EXPE- is the time to order and be
l advocated the cultivation of -
always -w-
Work guaranteed. No. i references. -
ready for the first flow of sap. Get it from budded
strawberries in hills and here is the Many of those who took home- Large contracts preferred. Charges rea bearing trees fifteen to eighteen years old.
sonable. W. M. Shockley, Fellowship, Fla. ItBUDS
The following varieties on hand: Parson Brown,
most convincing proof of its superiority steads in LaFayette county when the Harris, Cunningham Phares, Sanford's Mediterranean -

for just over the fence a neighborhas naval reserve lands were opened to .FROM True: to name.EIGHTY-SIX Ready after SORTS middleof also have, Jaffa a limited, Riverside supply Navel of Drake large Grapefruitbuds. Star. We

a plantation which has been allowed settlement, are reported to be sellingthe May. Send for list and prices. Reasoner Prices of above varieties, $5 per thousandor
Bros., Oneco Fla.
to run together and on the turpentine privileges to naval 5-2-6 75 cents per hundred delivered. Address
DRAKE POINT GROVE, Yalaha, Lake County.
whole acre there cannot be gathereda stores firms, and the trees on many of NASSAU. ORANGE AND PINEAP. Florida 2-15-3m
pie land for sale. Frost impos-
dozen baskets of No. i berries. the tracts are being boxed. This is sible. Labor cheap. Fifty acres deep red soil in FOR SALE.-TIIE HOME PLACE OF
large or small lots. On high road four miles H. Turnley, at Lake Weir, Fla. Five-room
be said?
Need law and the oath the
aught more contrary to to from town. $25 per acre. $lo cash, balance in cottage, stables, etc.,all in good repair. Addressor
Faithfully homesteader takes when making his three years. H. B. Post Office box, No 541 Nas call on JOHN L. CARNEY, Lake Weir, Fla.
sau. Apply early. 5-2-3 a-23-101ORSALEforcashtimeortiadeorange
The land office
ABEL GRETCHARD. application. general
will investigate in a few days. FOX English strain of blood from Imported fruit and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
Friend Gates did not suffer from
.. Stock suitable for deer hunting. Price $5 each. Fla. 3-n-i6t
solitude while harvesting his berriesfor Apply H. J. Tiffin, Courtenay, Brevard county, DESCRIPTION AND PRICE OF
The Kirkhuff & Crouter suffers Fla. SEND
the fame of his was wide. grove 5- -3HOW for sale or exchange to L. W. KBR-
crop little from the drouth, although on TO MAKE CHEAP FEED FOR VAN, 30 West' Twenty-ninth street, New York,
The next caller was old Sukpen, edit- and keep them healthy. Flonda Real Estate and Exchange Office. 2-22-8
land. "We the har- 25
or-in-chief of the Weed Killer's Advo- quite thirsty" keep cents. Como Kennels, Lake Como, Fla. 5-2-3 JIOR; SALE, 100,000 CIIOICE TOMATO

The old looked row going, explains Mr. Kirkhuff, .12 Plants,Livingston's Beauty mostly,at '1.00
cate. gentleman over "covering all the ground once a week." FOR SALE. FORTY ACRES SPLEN- per thousand, f.o. b. Plants six to twelve inches
his glasses with unfeigned delight at pine land. Twelve acres mostly bear- high. Cash with order. TUE ELOISE FRUIT
This crop will be worth money this ing orange grove, now sprouting out very nicely. AND VEGETABLE Co., Winter Haven Fla. tf
the unprecedented plantation, which Good wire fence. On Lake Kersey south rye
next to its of fruit is remarkablefor season, .and they intend to hold on to miles from San Antonio Depot. Fifteen acres EXTRA CLEANED BEGGAR '
crop it.-Braidentown Journal.! splendid Strawberry land. Well of good water. .-Sow from six to ten pounds per acre.
the conspicuous absence of weeds.It Address, Geo.T.Davis, St Leo Fla. :323REASONER Forty cents per pound, postpaid; ten pounds or
.4'" ... over, f. o. b., twenty-five cents per pound. Write
is impossible to tell which most delighted for prices on large quantities to EXCELSIOR SEED
General Freight Agent F. B. w FARM, Edgar, Putnam County, Pla. 2-8-tf
the new visitor, the fruit or Papyof P 4 Send for Annual Descriptive :

the total absence of weeds. He shookour the Plant system, says the vegetable 'r CATALOGUE, FOR SALE Two Leon county farms 480 acres
newly issued and revised. 390 acres. Excellent foi stock raising and
I traffic this is ahead
Gates' hands enthusiastically and year of last = e It contains everything tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,

gave vent to unlimited praise for the year; in fact is expected to be 60,000 I a 1 needed and by the plant-lover.Horticulturist Fla. 8-24-tf

faithfulness with which he had followed crates greater. That Pasco county t PLANTS and TREES for CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
Orchard, Window, Lawnor Parson Brown. Stark's Seedless,
the teachings of the Weed Kil- made more money out of strawberries Greenhouse. Largest Jaffa, Tangerine, King Tard r. Grape Fruit,

ler's Advocate. The next week's issue this year than ever was made there sop collection to select fromin Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
the South. I such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St Michael,
contained the following : from any of the great orange crops. BROTHERS. ONECO, FLA. Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L.
That the affected Duncan Manager, Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries -
are being
crops largely Dunedin, Fla.
ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
:Friend Gates of Cloverdale has the I county rain is needed and farmers are QUALITY TELLS We pay freight. Wnte for our lates

of strawberriesit to their The price-list. E. W Amsden.Ormond,Fla. 7-i-tft
most magnificent crop preparing irrigate crops. THE BEST

has ever been our good fortune to watermelon acreage in Georgia in sec- IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres, to years set
in trees in other fruit
behold. He is a long time subscriber tions reached by the Plant System STEEL MILL. For sale Orange at a sacrifice.50 Address"1',"The trees Palms, etc.,

to the Weed Killer's Advocate and we show a decrease of at least 50 per Here.N Seanastortcatalogue and prices. Lane Park.Lake County Pla. 4 2;gm

attribute his grand success to the faith- cent from last year's, which was 10,- PHELPS & BIGELOW WIND MILL CO., i rro. MAKE HENS LAY-TherelsnothlnrUke
.1Bowker'.Animal MeaL 40 tons sold in Flor
ful manner in which he has followed 000 acres, against a possible 6,000 ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For

I :: its teachings.We acres for this year. In Florida the e particulars 10-IJ-tf write E.W.Amsden, Ormond, Fla.

. .' never saw a field so clear of increase on melon acreage is about 50
LIGHT Brahma, Barred Plymouth Rock: and
, weeds, indeed we doubt if a thimbleful per cent, last year's acreage being Turkey Eggs for hatching, |i.oo per
setting. Mrs. C. Gomperts,Lady Lake, Fla.r .
, .. could be gathered on the entire. 2,079.-Braidentown Journal. (>v CHteASOJftOAt ASKftXX) I btl .



.. .
_.. .

",- -" n-r.! .- .-,
"'i. -, T
.. "
: .
II t


: v
. .




t 4 ,, Fr .




t : 47
I / ;

! G. M. SORREL Manager. 1

,t JB@ The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as Illl ,p r 1 yq'oGf

" follows : F.


t 35, North Rlver--3 P.1\I.

4 City of Birmingham. ...........................................................Saturday,
May 2.
Nacoochee ....-......... ....................._.......... ........................Tuesday, U
t Kansas City............................. ........................ ................Thursday, May May 5 rlo
. City of .... .... .................... 7. d -
Augusta ............. ... .. .......... ..... Saturday, May :
j City of Blrmln ham.. ...... ....... .... .................. ................... ...Tuesday, May 12.9.
. Nacoochee ..... ............ ....._ ............................................. Thursday May
Kansas City............................................................. ....... Saturday, May 14.16. .Q1
City of Augusta ...... .............................. ........................... Tuesday, May YyZ/e;
City of Birmingham................ .................... ... ............. Thursday, 19.
Nacoochee......... ......... ............ .. .. May 21. .
.... ... ...... ... .................. Saturday,
. Kansas City......... .........................'................................... Tuesday May May 23.26.
: City of Augusta................................. .. ...... .................. .. Thursday l.lay28.
City of Birmingham .. .... ...........;........ ..............................Saturday, May 30.


. Wharf--3 P. M. Finest Cuisine and Service. No Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.
Chattahoochee; (Direct to Savannah)...... ...................................... Thursday, May
, Gate City (eallin at Philadelphia)........ ... ................... ................. Thursday, May 7. The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Chattahoochee ((calling at Philadelphia) ................................ .......Thursday, May 21.14.
Gate City(Direct to Savannah) .. .. .... ............ .............. ...... .........Thursday May 28. "Comanche" (new) "llgonqaio Iroquois "Cherokee Seminole
r RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents, Lewis's Wharf. ,

Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. NORTH BOUND.Steamers .

Gate STEAMER City (passenger: and freight)........................................Saturday, are appointed to sail according to'the tide.
r City of Macon (freight only)......... ...................................Saturday May May 2,6p.m.. From JACKSONVillE, FLA., (calling at Charleston), ................Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursday
Gate City (passenger and freight)......,.................. ................ Saturday May 16 9,3p.m, 6 p.m. Krom CHARLESTON, S. C.,.................. .... ............ ......aiondaysWednesdayseadNridaya.
City of Macon (freight only) ............ ............. ............ ...Wednesday, May 20,
Chattahoochee (passenger and freight) .......... .................... Saturday, May ,3 6 p. m. For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
!, City of Macon (freight only). .. .. ...... ............ .. ...............;...Saturday, May 23 30,3 p.p.m.m SOUTH BOUND.Steamers
M. C. HAMMOND Agent 13 South Third Street. .

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.Central are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:
I For CHARLESTON, S. C., ...........................................Mondays, Wednesdays and Fr.days
" ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. For JACKSONVILLE .......... ...
Nacoochee... .. FLA., (calling at Charleston) .. Mondays. Wednesdays and Fr days
Thursday April of
30,7.00 p. City Birmingham..Sat'day,
f Kansas City........ .Saturday, May 2,8.00 p. D1.1 Nacoochee.... ... .Tuesday, May May 19.16,7.00 8.00 p. m.m.
City of Augusta.......Tuesday, May 5,12:30 p. Kansas City .... Thursday,May 21,9.00 p. m.
: City of Birmingham.. Thursday, May 7, 8 City of .. p.
7 Nacoochee ...........Saturday, May 9, 3-30 p.p. City! of Augusta Birmingham.! Saturday May 23,2.30 p. m.' Cl\ E'S ST. JotiN.s IVE1 lIE
.Tuesday,May 26, oo
4 m.
........ m'l p
Kansas City. Tuesday May 12,5.00 p. Nacoochee........Thursday, May 18, 6.30 m.
City of Augusta ....Thursday, May 14, 6.00 p. Kansas City.,.....Saturday,May 30.7.00 p.p.m.; DE BARY LINE.

SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Jacksonville, Palatlca, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. Landings on the St. Johns River.

i Gate City.............Thursday, May 2 p. I Gate City.......... Thursday, May
Chattahoochee ..... l. m'l( 2,12.001100 n The Elegant: Iron Side-Wheel Steamer
f .Thursday,May 14. .00 a. | Chattahoochee;. ...Thursday May 28, 7.00 a. m.

f. SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. "Oltv of Jacksonville,"

Central ((90" Meridian) Time-as below. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville, Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3.30 p. m.and

l City of Macon..Wednesday, May 6, i.oop I City of Macon...Wednesday May 27, 6.00 a. m from Sanford on Mondays Wednesdays and Saturdays at 13.60 p. m.
m'l I
City of Macon Sunday, May 17 7 00 a. |

Jacksonville, Florida. Read Down Read Up.
'; C.G.ANDERSON, AGENT J. P. BfiCKWITH. F. & P. AGENT, Leave 330p.m. ................jacklOnville............. ... ...... Arrive
Savannah Ga. Pier 35 North River New York. u 8.45 p. m. .................... .... Palatka.................... ....... Leave 3.3oa.m.m.
II 3.00 a. m...... .....Astor... ........................ II 9.00g.
II 4.30 am.. .................... ......... St. Francis......................... at 4.00 P. m
W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED ...... ..... ...... ... ..........................Beresford ............_....... ..... II 2.30 t. p. m.
I 1875. J. B. BODRS. Arrive 8.30 a. m. .................... .... Sanford.........._. ......._ _... '. 3op.m.
It 9-25 a. m. .................... .... Enterprise.................. ...... II 9.ooa.m..
...... ..... .... .. .......................So. Fla. R. R. Wharf.... ............... u 11.00 9.30.a, m m.,
General Passenger and T oketOffice. 204 West Bay St., Jaoksonville.

A. J. COLD. ra5. ngerAgent,5 Bowling Green, hew York.
Seeds and Fertilizers 1\1. Ii. CLYDE, AI. 15tant Traffic Manager 5 Bow.inK'Green New York.
,, TBEO. G. EGER Traffic Manager Bowling Gwen New York.
F. )M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St.. Jacksonville Pia,
00WBSV BAY 8'1', J"AOK.ONVIL i JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla
Li P'I.VA. J. A. LESLIE Superintendent,foot Hogan Street JackJonri11e.F1a.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of 0 Agents,
: 13 Sooth belaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

1 Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, -

! Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

1I 11 STATE .
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing; Florida Fruit to the
Yprt-Illen Pertiltm Co. J best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL 300000.:
NITRATE SODA, BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
! order. Write for price list and terms.
Star Brand Fertilizers .
. .GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. QBEENLEAF. VJce-President.
t DIRECTORS-Geo. B. Fairbanks Alachua Co.; E.G. Hills Bradford Co.'i Dr. B. E. Pratt
. Tree and Vegetable Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.: Hy Crutcher, Orange ( .; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
. ,' Orange r KAINIT Etc J. D. Mead Duval Co.: A. Brady, Brevard Co.. F. 0. Sampson. Marion Co.:; C. V. H1lIyer.
1' FERTILIZER. Marion Co.; John M. Bryan: Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton Putnam Co.; M. Moreman fit
Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.;Irving Keck,Polk Co.
1 ,1iThese Fertilizers hare no superior in the market,and A trial will convince: ., Addressall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville Fla., @teniLs
,(ted for Catalogue free. o' with full packing and snipping Instruction furnished on application

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r. 304 > I. fHE PLOfcJDA PABME& AKD ERUI4i1toW1t. MAY 9, '1
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... GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the ,,,N
J, requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in =_ 4i ', ; a
strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot. ;
Bp The cheapest brand for the quality in the ,f -
S market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural : 'Jw.
_::: Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. ; Y "
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ti,.. INSECTICIDES. 1 1rl

.i << __ -The old reliable EUREKA has never been ;y
':{a superceded. It is death to the Rest Mite, Red Spider,and the 4;' 1
fungus growth. .
Pure 4
Animal o __
Fe certain destru 5Uon i to the AleyrodesCitrif(White Flyand) other ,, .
Hatter b.1 Jnflies of scate,at aNpenodsof their development. Fataltothe i b
'It idef>and other insects afiedling Pineapples and Vegetables.


Jiiibber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at tlflI4'Aft
MfJ tlla turers' Prices.'I tOCK
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= --- = E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

x'J (!t. .c p. ttb'.ctt.c.c+ W. C. Green, Orlando; Fla.-I am I lawful and dangerous trusts and com with the treacherous enemies that you ,

greatly pleased to see that you have binations for the enforced silence of a will arouse if you carry out your promises

M. Alden, Orlando, Fla.-The taken a decided stand upon the trans- tyrannical dictator. It is bringing of fighting for reform, which I feel t

new insect described in the February portation question in the last numberof about a crisis in the affairs of this na. sure you will; and you may rest as-

Ruralist, called "The Devil's Saddle the Ruralist. That is the sort of tion that may yet culminate in blood sured if you continue in the course you

Bags," I found in my grove, two anda talk that counts, and will arouse the and untold misery; for the people will I have mapped out in fighting for the

half miles north of Orlando. It is a people to a.comprehension of the mon some day, not far distant, wake up to people as against the power and wrongsof

.' short, thick, square-shaped, brown strous wrong and robbery that is being how they are being betrayed, and when unholy conspirators against the com-
slug, that feeds ravenously on the ten perpetrated upon them by this outra- they do the treacherous press of the mon weal, the people will not fail to

der foliage. geous and unlawful combination country will have a realizing sense of recognize their friend and champion,

against their rights and liberties. It the fact that they are in for trouble. and uphold you in your efforts in their

H. H. Taplin, Fort Made, Fla.- is, indeed, encouraging to know that When I wrote !my article for your behalf.

If Florida can support her inhabi there is one editor that knows the paper which you refused to publish, .

tants without the aid of her orange truth and dares to publish it without you called it "scolding," but there was Just think, farmers I One thousandand

crop (and what was generally considered mincing matters, and to tell the whole not a word in it that was not strictlytrue ninety-five meals a year, and, no

her only productiue industry) for of it. It is, I think, really alarmingthat as you know. It is wonderfulhow family garden and no orchard. Beginone

two consecutive years, what is sheca- there is so little independence : distasteful the truth is sometimes, this year. "J

pable of doing when the orange industry shown by the so-called "Free Press" i and what an era of lying and fraud we --... ,.

.' j j r returns, which it undoubtedly will, which we have been taught to believeis have reached. It can't go on very long,
and be more productive than ever, and the "palladium of our liberties." for we have about reached the limit of A good rule for thinning peaches.Don't .

her inhabitants have cast off the razor- It augurs badly for our free institutions degradation in that line,and there must leave one four inches from an j

: back yoke? Surely the answer is sufficient when the press so generally succumbsto be an awakening to truth and right if other. i

; < recommendation for those who the blandishments of money and anything good of this country is to be -- .*...-. m

anticipate an exodus from the land of power. It makes their so-called "{ree- save<1You- : Keep an'accurate expense account, J
blizzards that they may safely cast their dom" a most they wield a trenchant pen,and you and-'know each week from whence and !

... lot among us in this favored-State. substitute voluntary servitude to un- are evidently well equipped to cope where, the money goes. .

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