Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00076
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 25, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00076
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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8. Powers, Editor. JACKSONVILLE 1 FLORIDA, APRIL 25, IS g 6. Whole > NEW SERIES
?j,, \VIII.No.l7
4? :

r RELIABLE, ;o \ ,
; PROMPT. 28 YEARS EX. 1 'CE.'






t .. on TRIFOLIATA Before buying your Nursery Stock,investigate and know what you ale getting. Know that '.
are buying of Grower and
you a not a second or third hand dealer.

t. A Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. THE POMONA NURSERIES
Over 300 Varieties of4Fruits ;.
t are the most Extensive in the State and ofler all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums,
and Pears
Ornamentals. Japan Lemons Persimmons on both Grapes,Figs,Mulberries,Apricots,Almonds, Satsuma and other Oranges and

Peaches,Pears, Plums, Persimmons, Nuts, Grapes, Roses, etc. .

I.I I NO AGENTS. Catalogue for 1896. An Up-to-date Horticultural Hand-Book free on application. Over 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs etc:

,: Correspondence solicited. .

; '.. .0 It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
I Write for Catalogue and any Infm mation wanted, >. _
PROP., '
Macclenny, Fla.



Order your supply now and make sure of it. PRICES: One pound by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds, manufacture them 8and 10-frame, of selected kiln-dried Yellow Pine, and .
150. By express or freight not prepaid,25 cents per pound in quantities of less than 200 pound; sell at a low figure. .
in-200 pound lots and above,20 cents per pound. "
Seed free from stems leaves and trash. By mail,post.
ROUGH BEGGARWEED.H. paid,2S cents per pound; 4 pounds 9S cents. yex- .e6-Get our prices before sending North and paying heavy freight bills.
press or freight not prepaid,in any quantity, 15 cents

G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN, E. E. CONVERSE, Manager.. Ocala, Florida. :.. .
INTERLACHEN, FLA. ,., -a. .v '. .

t r 43Send for our illustrated Catalogue. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., .1 it

TREES AT WHOLESALE. Grocers and Commission Merchants

I will sell Fruit Trees this reason to the planter at wholesale prices. Address, :.

Riverside Nurseries Glen St. Mary, Fla. DEALERS

I Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, .
Acknowledged superior to all other materials njed .
RAFFIA for sailor purposes. Bold by the pound. If you Cigars Tobacco Etc.
1 never saw it, get a sample and quotations. .,
-, '- .-- -- .-.-- -- -- .- ------ ,-.---- ...-- '-.------.---"- Jaolrsonville, Florida.. :'_
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Peas< Pa ....J' -. .
MANONGAHELA RYE.z 00 CABINET BOURBON... .............. -, '';.;.7:1-'f. 'f
ORANGE VALLEy.................. ...... oo J.MARTIN RyE.................._.........f6 t oo oo :.'-
SPRING VALLEY......... ................. 250 VIRGINIA GLADES.-.... 'f. .
BALTIMORE CORN....................... 2 oo OLD BOURBON...........3*..,.'.. ..... 400 :;
Clays, Unknown) Reds and TVuipnoorwills, 90c. per bushel. Lady Fingers and NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............_ 250 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH.:................ 500 5 oo .
Black Eyes at $l.GO per bushel. Pearl Millet, 12> c. per pound. Beggar CLIFTON CLUB............. ....-....n.... 300 OLD BAKER..n..a...........500 ;
....... .. .
"Peed lOc ulld.mhIJd's MONTROSE VELVET; RYE _: .... 600.
per p<<> if'

will keep Chickens Clean,aoc.a package. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, sac; three gallon, +Sc. Remit_by post-office .
... 'GEaih (a .bice INTERNATIONAL STOCK FOOD ketps money order check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order. _; .
i stock.htalthy and sues f< L. CAMERON Seedsman ::0
.' ,. ..,; JOHN CLARK, SON &,CO; .. .; '
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Orange Tree, Fruit and Vine, Vegetable, Pineapple, Tobacco,, &c.

: We wish to emphasize the fact that we make high-grade goods only. The We have steadily refrained from making any such goods, although the per

State is being flooded just now with new brands of low-grade fertilizers, manufactured -I centage of profit would be very much larger than it is on our high-grade fer

for the emergency, hard times, arising from the freeze of last winter. tilizers.

These Cheap Goods, of the Poorest Materials and Bad Forms, Must be Injurious to the Planter.

They cannot permanently improve his lands. The results produced will | cultivate a less acreage and use only the best manures. You can make a good

not be so good, either in quantity or quality, in flavor or in keeping qualities. crop,with strong plants, with much less labor than you can coax along a poor
That covers all the points where the profits come in. It will pay better to I and sickly lot, and the money results will be far better.

; The Mapes Company Use Only the Best Materials and in Forms which are the Results of the

Experience of Nearly Half a Century and of Continuous and Costly Experiments.The .

materials are subjected to a special process, of their own discovery, Send for a copy of testimonials from thirty or forty of the best-known

which causes a chemical change, and are mixed for months before barreling. growers in the State as to the results of the use of our Vegetable Manure\ for

They go through the assimilation in heaps that must otherwise take place the year 1895. Mr. L. Dozier, our agent at Ocala, writes June 10, 1895, as
in the ground when they are freshly mixed. When shipped they are ready for follows : .

the immediate consumption of the plant, and that is why they produce crops I have been your Agent for five years, and the only complaint I have

.' from ten to fifteen days earlier than home-made or any fresh mixtures will do. ever heard from those who used your goods in my district was that they are

They make vigorous plants that will stand drouths far better than those sold strictly for cash, while all the others can be bought on long time. In my

grown with poor materials in poor forms. Common sense must teach us that, judgment, if they were all put on the same basis Mapes' would sweep the

and we have had a great many testimonials on that point. State."


Mapes Company made no bad debts by the freeze and have no goods. On the other hand, they have have been able to make a large reduc

losses to make up by increasing their profits or reducing the standard of their I tion in the price of them this year, and at the same time keep up their standard.



Which has had most wonderful success in.Pennsylvania and Connecticut in producing Choice Wrappers that have brought exceptionally High Prices.

.:. j@r( Write (for a Tobacco Pamphlet.
Ammonia. Phosphrie Acid. Potash.

/' GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Mapes' Tobacco Manure, Florida Brand .. . . . 5 to 6. 4 to 5. 6 to 7.


The Mapes Orange Tree, in 20o-lb. bbls., f. o.b. Jacksonville, per ton, $37.00 Here is the record of.the official analysis of their manures for the year

t.- U Fruit and Vine, 39.00 1895 at the Florida Experiment Station :
f. Ammonia. Avail.Phot.Acid Total Phot.Acid. Potath.
Vegetable, 40.00 Orange! Tree . . 4.67 7.46 11.22 3.81
cc cc cc "
Pineapple, 3.00 Fruit and Vine . 3.04 7.06 9.55 11.47
"Tobacco, cc 38.00 Vegetable . . 5.91 7.84 10.22 5,68
:.JijALSO! DEAL IN- J5 f For any further information, write

'*-{ SULPHATE AMMONIA, J. $. TYSEfl j n.gen\;,

4 SULPHATE POTASH, Foot of Ocean Street,

"CHEAP" FERTILIZERS. [From New Enland Homestead,Dec.28, 1895'] of all three ingredients. It is the concerns that methods for determining approximately the rela-
[- IMPORTANT TO USERS OF! FER- have capital invested in plants that are most tive availability of nitrogen,and on subsequentpages
r TILIZERS. I I likely to remain in the business,and are the ones is given a report of the work done during
Prof. E. B. Voorhees, Director of the New Jer- that in the long run are likely to look well to the past year on this point.
; sey State Experiment Station,in the"Rural Newt Shyster concerns that manufacture all sorts of their reputation for they have more at stake. "While various inferior or agriculturally worth.
Another point that strengthens this caution is less forms of nitrogen are in the market the
Yorker. June i, 1895, in an exposure of a so- materials, and put their goods on the market in that in most States the analyses of fertilizers are main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizersis
!( called "cheap" fertilizer sold in Philadelphia, I all sorts of conditions, in order to get some of the not made until after the spnng trade is over. in dealing with firms which have an estab-
says: "In the purchase fertilizers,many farm- I trade of old-established and reliable firms,are as lished reputation,and in avoiding 'cheap' goods
characteristic the fertilizer trade of other .. "
as VALUATION OF FERTILIZERS.They offered by irresponsible parties. -Page 39.
ers are still guided by price per ton rather than trades. Any one who puts out a fertilizer can
Determine the of of Leather.
Fail to
II- food furnished it officially at the Experiment Stations Quality Preparations
by the amount and quality of the plant- get analyzed .
' and it appears in their reports, but the Qoods-- Established Reputation the As has been proved abundantly experiment: ,
- ,hence pay exorbitant price per pound farmer does not know whether the concern is reliable Main Security to the Purchaser. leather,whether in its untreated state or steamedor
r for the constituents. A low price per ton does or not The Connecticut Station, in its an- [Extract from Annual Report of the Connecticut toasted, and pulverized, has no value as a
t not always mean a cheap product; it frequentlymeans nual report for '95, just out. emphasizes the fact Agricultural Experiment Station (Prof. S. W. fertilizer. The State fertilizer law wisely forbids
an expensive one,for the legitimate ex- that In buying mixed fertilizers farmers must Johnson, Director),for Year 1895. Issued December its use in any form as an ingredient of commercial
rely to a great extent on reliable dealers,and : 1895 ] fertilizers without explicit printed certificateof
penses of preparation,shipment and sale are proportionately The main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers These valuations,it must be remembered,are the fact, such certificate to be conspicuously
much greater for low-grade than for is in dealing with firms which have an I:. based on the assumption that the nitrogen,phosphoric ffi zed to every package.
high-grade goods.; Farmers should remember established reputation,and in avoiding 'cheap' acid and potash in each fertilizer are The materials on which the following analyses -
first,that nitrogen,phosphoric acid and potash goods offered by irresponsible parties The readily available to farm crops. Chemical exam were made were used in vegetation experiments
are the only constituents of direct fertilizing value caution is certainly needed,when more than one- ination can show pretty conclusively whether ,to be described on following pages.
and mixtures containing aU of these In goodforms o third of the nitrogenous superphosphates sold in this is true in respect to potash. There in less "4565. Ground leather,imported from England
:. cannot be secured for a low price per ton, Connecticut do not furnish, in all rests,all certainty regarding phosphoric acid,while chem I for use as a cheap 'ammoni te' in mixed fertilizers. -
r-: unless they are contained in very small amounts; the manufacturers claim for them. ical examination as it Is usually made, ffirw The method manufacture is unknown.It .
i' and second that the expenses of handling are six brands twenty-one are below the manufact little or no clue as to the availability of the is a brownish black powder, in appearance
f = .' quite as great for'make weight'as fox materials],urers' minimum guarantee in respect of one ingredient -I organic nitrogen of mixed goods. This Station resembling dried blood.; When pulverized it
5' gradual fertilizing value.1 ,five in respect two,and one in respect has seen for some:years engaged in a study oi emits an odor of benzine."Page ao.r' .
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CITRUS IN THE FAR SOUTH. John A. MacDonald has put out four grades, beginning with rotten or Root-Pruning at Planting.Editor .

lemon trees, and numbers of others earthy coquina, and gradually run- Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
111..;< Many Groves Have Been Planted have every member of the citrus ning back to poor scrub and spruce In the issue of THE FARMER AND

p, in Dade County. family that they are able to secure. pine lands. This explains the differ- FRUIT-GROWER of the nth inst. I

f At Biscayne, the northernmost post Captain A. R. Simmons has a few ent grades of oranges there, for we do read that my trees with shortprunedroots

(' office on the bay, a settlement was handsome trees on his place, and have different grades, notwithstandingthe are dead, and those left with full
made some twenty-five years ago. Kirk Munroe has made a fine start impression that all Indian River roots are alive. This is an error as

The orange trees that were planted with a hundred or so orange trees, oranges are of the best. Hence, I to the short-pruned roots. Of abouta

then are still to be seen, hale, thrifty, that are in remarkably good condition.Mr. cannot form any judgment biased in thousand peach trees with short-

: and in season laden with, excellent Munroe exhibits several trees on favor of that immediate locality. I am pruned roots planted last February, I

.:. fruit. The trees are planted less than his place from the seed, planted in sure, however, that the climatic advantages have found but one dead, and that

an eighth of a mile from the bay front, the thin soil above the rock; the roots I here are greater than at from other cause than rootpruning.These .

in the sheer rock, and in all these have penetrated the rock, and the I Rockledge, or anywhere else on In- I trees, mostly June buds, had
years have had absolutely no attention. trees are as firmly rooted and to all dian River. In that section shell the tap-root shortened and all .side-

They have in truth "bloomed unseen appearances as well nourished as any mounds, marl hammocks, high scrub roots cut to about an inch. Until I

and died ungathered." With this ex- seen anywhere. Some very excellent hammocks, all produce oranges very know better I shall closely rootpruneall

ample before them homesteaders and fruit has matured from these trees. much alike. trees before planting.My .

buyers of land in this vicinity have Captain Simmons has used on his "As to the grapefruit, my experience soil is fairly good piney woods

not hesitated to put out hundreds of trees only stable manure. Other is too meager to enable me to land, a sandy loam, more sand than
young trees, which are in a most planters have so far used none at all, an opinion. Barring the cold loam. It is evident that with so little

thrifty condition. Some growers remove while some have used a commercial but express little difference in favor of the root there must be close contact of

,. the coralline rock, giving the fertilizer.At lemon exists here. It does well on soil and root if the tree is to live
tree the benefit of a location in the hence this method might not succeedon
the "Punch Bowl, half-way be- Indian River. The lemon is a raven-
under soil, but others have planted in tween Miami and Cocoanut Grove, ous feeder, and in my opinion will heavy soil deficient in moisture at
the thin soil that overlies the rock in the time of planting, nor would I
lemon, lime and orange trees flourishon thrive anywhere it can get enough to
the belief that the sturdy roots of the recommend it for very late planting as
a settlement abandoned upward of eat and drink. As to the lime, it appears -
young tree will penetrate the porous, thirty years ago. Some of these trees here in its home, though I will the tree thus root pruned is much in

phosphate-charged, moisture conserv- are firmly imbedded in the rock, over- say that I have seen as fine limes on the style of a cutting, and the cuttingas
rock that in the minds of we all know, should be in the
ing some looking a high bluff, down which a Indian River, but not generally so ex
is an impediment to successful plant- ground early enough to allow the cut
flight of steps,cut into the living rock, cellent.
ing. end to callus before the growing sea-
lead to the water's edge. This little of the
"The difference opinion as to
son begins. Much credit is due H.
MANY GROVES AT LEMON CITY. grove has probably never had half an adaptability of Biscayne Bay lands for
M. Tex.
of Galveston
Stringfellow ,
Further south, at Lemon City, are hour's work upon it since its planting. citrUs fruit culture, perhaps, originatedin for bringing this close rootpruningmatter

numerous young groves. No old trees Down at Cutler, near the Perrine a failure to cultivate successfully, before the public.Mr. '

are seen, but as the land is similar to grant, are several handsome orange due to several causes. All imported has also another
that have felt trees on the plabes of William Fozzard, Stringfellow
at Biscayne owners per- stock has been brought here by schooner idea in tree culture that as far as I
fectly safe in their venture. Rev. W. John Addison and others, and hun- hence, submitted to salt baths as have tried it seems correct. This, in
E. Stanton dreds of acres of this 25,000 acre-grant often old fit bathe
an experienced orange as Neptune saw to I brief, is that the tree or vine shouldnot
man from San :Mateo, where his grove are well adapted to citrus culture.ON the decks. The crews of the boats be pruned when dormant, but

was injured by the winter 01..1894-95, THE MIAMI. were all probably irresponsible people, when growing. My experience in

has put out a twenty-acre lemon grove Captain Robert C. May, one of the careless and indifferent, and took no this line is limited, but indicates that

here, and is satisfied with the promise oldest, best-known, most prosperousand pains to protect the plants, which had the winter pruned tree starts growth

.' it gives. He has recently purchased thorough-going growers on Indian centered in them the hopes of the earlier in the spring than the summeror

: more land for the enlargement of this river, of the famous "Rockledge Ham growers."In spring pruned. Peach trees winter-

grove, and others are following his mock," has come to the bay to engagein summary, I am constrained to pruned die back from the cut while if

F t example. The new ground here the orange industry. His Indian say that I cannot see why this section pruned in the growing season they

needs sweetening before final use as river grove was severely injured, so should not become a steady competitor remain green to the tip. Until I
lemon land; a crop of cow peas is gen much so that the Captain has pulledup for golden honors." know better the bulk of my pruningwill
erally planted for this purpose. Samuel stakes and intends to it here.
try AN IMMENSE GROVE STARTED. be done as soon as may be after
;l Filer has 660 lemon trees and 80 His land here lies between the forksof.
growth starts in the spring with shortening -
What is destined to be the largest ,
trees at Buena Vista. This
orange the Miami river about four miles i
in of little after
I growing trees a
citrus in the State if not in the
; is the of grove ,
grove pride Biscayne Bay.AT west of the bay shore. He has twenty midsummer. JUD PIERCE.
f world, is in process of making on Bis.
MIAMI, acres set to citrus trees, embracingabout Hill Ala.
Spring April 1896.
t cayne Bay. This grove comprises i-, 13,
; are orange trees some twenty years old, 3,000 trees of all kinds, and four 800 acres, known as "Hesperida," 125 .
; thriving on both sides of the river, at acres are devoted to lemons, ten to or- acres of which are now ready for plant Grasshoppers in the Grove.
;Fort Dallas and at W. Brickell's ange and six to grapefruit. The groveis
ing, besides sixty acres that are set out Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
the bay front, in very rocky land. now between three and four years in lemon trees. The situation is three Can you or some correspondent tellus
These the famous old, and one of the prettiest in the
are equal to
l oranges miles west of Biscayne. at the head of how to protect our orange trees
State for its The land varies
"Indian River Sweets" both in age. ,
quality, the bay, and a ten.mile drive from from grasshoppers ?
; size and flavor and some of it being low and moist, and
no trees
any- Miami miles "as the
being only seven In one grove that I care for, theyare
where could bear more heavily. The some of it being higher and piney. flies."
crow riddling the leaves of the sprouts,
But wherever the trees are planted
same be said of the La Franca
may This immense tract is well adaptedin aud as they have just been budded I
there 'to do well.
lemon trees and limes on these two they seem Captain
to the big undertaking, fear they will destroy all the buds as
places. The limbs literally bend to May believes that just as fine fruit may everyway
suited for member of the soon as they sprout.
be raised the raisedon being every
the ground beneath their rich burden on bay as was ever
citrus family near the railroad and Can anything be done to protect
Indian river. asked
and the fruit is of excellent quality. Upon being
shipping points and in distance them ? E. D.
what contributed in marked easy
Large bodies of good citrus land are a degreeto "
from its owners and operators, who are Mount\ Dora, Fla.
the of the Indian river
to be found here from five
one Paris Mix it with'unslaked
Mrs. Julia D. Tuttle and her two children Try green.
he said
miles west of the bay and the landson orange, :
lime of lime
Harry and Miss Fanny of Miami. twenty parts to
the Miami River, from its source to COMPARED WITH INDIAN RIVER. of Paris and dust the
Her brother, W.D. Sturtevant of Cleve- one green,
its mouth, are being utilized for this "The Indian River orange, no land, and Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Comstock leaves with the mixture. Also try it :1.

purpose. The owners of young groves doubt, owes its flavor greatly to the of Michigan. A large gang works in a bran mixture, as recommendedfor
here are enthusiastic over the pros- sunshine of the day and the
warm uninterruptedly, and the great groveis cutworms. Mix twenty parts branto
pect. coolness of the nights. It arrives at gradually assuming its final propor- one of Paris green and enough

Similar experiments are being madeAT perfection in February. The parent tions. This is how the citrus indus- molasses to wet it up and lay it

COCOANUT GROVE, stock from which the choicest varie- try begins on Biscayne Bay.FloridaCitizen. around in pellets where the grass

five miles south. Nearly all of the ties were propagated, were of the hoppers will be likely to eat it.

homesteaders of the intervening strip most excellent obtainable. Please report results.

of.country have put out lemon trees. "The variety of soil is greater on Indications are that DeFuniak will J .

A very promising grapefruit.start has Indian River than here; the Rock- be blessed with abundant fruit crops Fifteen-pound turnips are no rarety

been made by W. J. Shone. Colonel ledge groves are on lands of three or this year. this season in Hernando county.

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260 '11k HoiubA? rAnMJm ANb kblknoWth. PRtt 1





By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new


Ammonia 5 to 6 perlcent.
Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to 8 "
Actual Potash 4 to bee "
This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates Superphosphates and Potash. "aWe

keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND

BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.
Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.



Florida's Tree Palms.A the sabal palmetto will become a rare head make this palm a favorite in gardens -I is always our dry month,and it is near
number of palm trees live on the tree. The buds, which are now mostly and it is planted in all tropical by. The nights are cool and the days
southern borders of the United States, I procured from the west coast of Florida countries and often in long and stately hot-exactly the kind of weather for
adding special interest to the forest I where the palmetto is most abun- avenues, as in the Botanic Garden of insects, and they are here in abund.
flora of this country, which, rich in dant, are worth at the mill only six or Rio de Janeiro, which owes its fameto ance.
many forms of the common trees of seven cents each, and it is not proba- its palm avenue. Economically, The effects of the freeze are nearly
the northern hemisphere and in many ble that the extravagance and waste- Oreodoxa oleracea is one of the most gone, especially on groves that were
special and peculiar types, is extraor- fulness of this brush industry is exceeded useful of the American palms. The trimmed; and there will be about halfa
dinary in the variety of its composition by that of any other in the bud of young leaves, like that of the crop in this neighborhood, thoughnot
and in the size and beauty of its United States.A palmetto, is eaten as a vegetable; the more than a fourth throughout the
individuals.Of rude stockade made of the stems sheathing bases of the leaf stalkswhichare county. The orange industry has hadno
these tree palms of our countrythe of the palmetto on one of the islands eight or ten feet long, are used by set back by the freeze, for had there
best known is the cabbage palm, In Charleston harbor, and manned by the negroes as cradles, and are split : been no freeze oranges would not have
or cabbage palmetto (Sabal palmetto), less than a hundred Americans under into surgeon' splints; from the inner sold for twenty-five cents a crate, and
of the coast region of the southeastern Moultrie, repulsed,on June 28111,1776, coat( these sheaths vellum-like paperis I now buyers are offering $1.50 on the
States, where in the immediate neigh- Sir Peter Parker's British fleet and de. made and mats are manufacturedfrom I tree, and oranges are selling for more.
borhood of the sea it ranges from an cided the fate of the Carolinas. A their fibres. A kind of sago is There are but few new settlers com-
island off the mouth of the Cape Fear year later South Carolina placed on obtained from the pith of the stem, ing in, but what have come have
River in North Carolina to Southern her official seal, in memory of this and oil is pressed from the seeds. bought groves, and there have been
Florida, and along the Gulf coast to victory, a palmetto erect, emblematicof The long stems are split longitudinallyand many orange and grape fruit trees set.
-. the Apalachicola. This tree is inter- its strength, and below it an oak freed of the spongy interior, are That Peace river valley is the home of
esting to botanical geographers as the I tree torn from the ground and shornof used as gutters, while from the hard orange no one can dispute.F. .
most northern arborescent palm in the! its branches to recall the fate of the rind-like exterior rim beautiful canes C. M. BOGGESS.
world; and probably nothing so delights oaken ships of her oppressors. And and many small objects are made. Fort Ogden, Fla.Florida ..
and instructs northern travelers the Palmetto State took her place in Another West Indian species, Oreo-
.in the South as their first introductionr the Union. In these days the trunksof doxa regia, the royal palm, is a tree M. E. Dubois Wines leaves Popular.tomorrow for
to a grove of these plants. The larger this palm are found as serviceable often one hundred feet high, with a his San Luis vineyard at Tallahassee,
terminal leaf-bud of this tree and of against the attacks of the teredo as trunk which is often largest near the after having satisfactorily demonstratedto
many other palms is cooked as a vegetable they were in withstanding British shot, middle, but otherwise generally resembles dozens of wine-drinking Northernersthat
-a tact to which it owes its and make excellent wharf piles for our the cabbage palm and is the Florida wines are superior to
common name. The custom is an coast. equally graceful and beautiful. This those of California or
even Europe.
extravagant one, as the removal of the The other arborescent palms in the species, which is common in Cuba, The pineapple champagne ("nonalcoholic -
I. bud, which is never replaced, kills the United States are all tropical speciesand extends into southern Florida, whereit ) now has a firm hold upon the
tree, and as young vigorous trees pro- are confined to the shores and inhabits two or three hammocks on wine market not only for its palatable-
duce the most succulent buds, it is keys of the extreme southern part of Rogue's river, about twenty miles east ness, but also because its properties
rather remarkable that the species has Florida, which are covered by a purely of Caximbas Bay on the west coast, relieve all cankerous troubles. It is
escaped extermination in a region tropical vegetation, and where three Long's Key and the shores of Bay also pronounced a cure for croup. In
abounding in negroes, who are credited genera are represented.The Biscayne near the mouth of Little fact, so popular has this wine become
t with a special fondness for cab- first of these is Oreodoxa, an river. The presence of a lofty palmin that M. Dubois is about to erect a
,. bages which can be had without agri- American genus of about four species. southern Florida was hinted at more plant at Miami for its manufacture.He .
< "cultural forethought or labor. But if Three are lofty trees, the loftiest, than sixty years ago, and the fact is selects Miami, as it is nearer the
it has survived the vegetarian it will perhaps, of all the American palms, mentioned in the preface to Nuttall's centre of the pineapple plantations,
[r :*' not-long survive the maker of scrub- and true princes the vegetable king- "North American Sylva," but it was and because of the rock bottom to the
bing brushes, who now uses the fibres dom, while the fourth is a humble in- not until 1859 that this palm was : land he is enabled to build large wine
of the sheaths of the young leaves in habitant of the high slopes of the An- known to be Oreodoxa regia. In that cellars at only the expense of excavate
L his industry. To obtain his material des of Ecuador, only remarkable as year Dr. Cooper found it on Bay Biscayne ing, and can build his factory with the
"F the top of a young plant with its bud one of the most alpine of all palms. and twenty years later Mr. A. rock. The vineyards at Moultrie and j I
is cut off, trimmed down to a disk of The largest speciesOreodoxa oleracea, H. Curtiss established the fact of its Tallahassee will be maintained as
about eight inches in length, and the cabbage palm of the Antilles, presence on Rogue's river and Long's usual. A large crop of grapes is ex-
then, after the soft edible core has sends up a slender trunk nearly two Key.-Garden and Forest. pected from the Moultrie vines this
'* been removed, boiled to separate the hundred feet in height,surmounted bya season, and a much larger result in
fibres. The removal of the kills cylinder of Notes from De Soto
... top long, green, polished County. wines.-St.Augustine Correspondencein
the plant, as we have already said, petiole sheaths and a crown of long, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: i I Times-Union.
> and as one concern in Jacksonville, arching, graceful,pinnate leaves frequently We are having extreme dry weather. .
Fla., alone consumes 7,500 a week; twenty feet long and six feet The orange trees are not suffering, but J. F. Baya, last week, shipped from
the time is not very far distant when wide. Its tall pale stem and beautiful all vegetables and farm crops are. May Lake City 600 crates of English peas. ,


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Pear Blight Spreading. been cultivated in strawberries for sev- fatrtnel'&Ttrttekett out of a green palmetto stem, three
From several of the correspondentsof eral years, which has given them lib- feet long, hollow out the small end
the Weather Bureau and from sub- eral applications of fertilizer until the and rounding and smoothing the other.

scribers whom we have met we learn past two seasons, when they have been Kaffir Corn and Drouth. One man begins at one end of bed

that the pear blight is spreading in undisturbed. They formerly made a ltditorFarmer and Fruit-Grower: and moves backwards, dropping cuttings

various sections of the State, especially rank growth and last summer fruited The long continued drouth has seriously as thick as you can afford; anotherman
in extreme western and eastern Flori very heavily. The fruit was left on and in some localities, totally follows up with the "sticker" and
da. It has gained a foothold in a them until it broke down many destroyed the cotton, corn, tobacco punches the cuttings into the soil

r region hitherto wholly exempt, the branches and impoverished the trees. and other crops, and the questioncomes ([mudleaving) one joint exposed aboveground
low, damp flatwoods of Bradford The cessation of culture and fertilizingfor up, what can we plant that will and your plat is planted.
county. the past two seasons has given produce a crop so late in the season? Planted in June, you can mow it in

Though articles on this subject them a check,they have scarcely madean I would say, do as the farmers did six weeks two feet high.

have several times been published in inch of new growth this spring. even as late as July last year in Okla- The grass does not begin to grow
our columns within a year, it is worth, Most of the trees are thickly dotted homa and Kansas, when their crops until about :May, but after that it
while to go over the ground once with blighted twigs; while on the were utterly ruined .by drouth and should be mowed every six or eight
more somewhat carefully in order to other two blocks of trees that have starvation stared them in the face. weeks. In July we have found astray

give the reader not familiar with it a made a more moderate but continuous They procured Kaffir corn seed and grass thirteen feet long. Planted thin,
correct knowledge of pear blight or growth and are in a flourishing condition replanted their fields, and the result it will lodge and take root at the joints
this spring, it requires close had to build barns and send stools thick it
fire blight. It is produced by a very was they extra to up : planted ,
minute parasite which enters the tree searching to find any blighted twigs store their grain, many fields producing will grow upright at once, and also
from without. It is not a constitutionalor This seems to indicate that a rank eighty to one hundred bushels per stool. Our land is overflowed twice

sap disease, it never enters the tree growth followed by a check, is more acre and hundreds of tons of the each year spring and fall-sometimes
from the ground through the roots. conducive to blight than a slower, choicest fodder. with brackish water, and it seemsto
Therefore all applications at the rootsor steady growth, even though, just now, One great advantage Kaffir corn be a benefit, especially as it-the
in the trunk, as, for instance, calo- the trees formerly the rankest, are has over any other grain in Florida is water kills out wild grass and weeds.I .
mel inserted in an auger-hole, are use scarcely growing at all. that all the truckers cap plant it after have seen my beds covered with one

less. The affection is purely local. MM their crops of tomatoes, cabbage, etc., foot of water, and the grass waveringone
One branch of the tree cannot impartthe A Champion for Kieffer Pear.I are taken off, and they will be assuredof foot above the water. -

disease to another except as the was glad to see in the R. N.-Y. of a heavy crop of both grain and fod- Since I finished planting my acre-

parasites pass down, from the point of February 29 your very graceful, if der to carry their stock over for an- some three years ago-I have not
; entrance, along the inner bark, from somewhat tardy, apology to :Mr. Kief other year. There is no question now bought an ounce of hay, and have
: twig to bough, from bough to branch, fer Pear Ensilage. And if you had that we have the genuine article at had from three to five head of stock.
: from branch to trunk. It is im been as wise as your better half, and last in Florida, and it has come to Allowed to grow two feet high, the
: portant to bear in mind that the para. nof tried to eat them off-hand green, stay, and will be worth tens of thou- grass is rather coarse; but cut and fed
:. sites do not move in the sap, but in perhaps you would have made a full sands of dollars every year to the green, the stock eat it up clean.
the inner bark, and as they pass apology. A Kieffer is very poor eating poultry and stock raisers. Cured cows, well fed, are apt to leave
'; down this is blackened in streaks or green; they should be kept until There are two varieties of Kaffir the butts; but, to obviate that, and for
: patches. they are fully ripe-ripe enough to corn, both excellent. The white is economy's sake, I cut all my hay-
: These parasites enter through the rub the skin off with the finger. Don't the earliest, but the red produces either green or cured-in a feed cut-
tender extremities of twigs, through be afraid they will rot at the core, like much the largest heads. There are ter and mix with meal and bran, and
expanding bloom-buds, rendered port the Le Conte and many others. two things very necessary in raising a in that condition the stock eat every

t ous and open by rapid growth, also The block from which those pears large crop; one is to get genuine seed particle.
and not the sorgo trash that has in Between some of first beds I did
probably through holes came was set in 1888; 400 trees set 16 my
drilled many instances been palmed off in not dig a ditch, and they do not
i by woodpeckers. Hence the feet apart, 378 living in 1895, from produce
is times past on us; and another thing is as much as those I made later
true fire blight not strictly a dis- which we sold last year, at our station ;
do not plant any more grains to the but, as it is, I estimate cut
ease, it is an infection, a poisoning over 2,000 baskets of fruit, guar- my yearly
from external sources. anteed to measure 2% inches in diam hill than you would common corn. I from the acre at eight tons.-Think I
The remedy is obvious-to destroy eter. We also evaporated to will guarantee that any person who can make another acre produce ten
r or remove that poisonous matter or baskets that were a little 300 under size.400 recommends planting from five to six tons yearly. I intend to mow every .
those poisonous bodies. Perhaps insecticides We have three other blocks, some quarts per acre never saw, much less six weeks from June until February.Cut .
raised, a stalk of Kaffir corn in his last the loth of
would destroy these min- older, some younger. The ground we my crop
life and
t ute parasites if they could be appliedl selected is sandy. No use to set themon any intelligent person that uary.
will stop for a moment and consider .
before or at the moment when they land
l having any tendency to clay,
will know that if we are to raise as An Old Florida
Sugar Plantation.Mr. .
t settle on the tree. But this momentcannot or even heavy loam. Our oldest trees
be told, for they give no in were budded on the French quince or that much as do double of the amount of grain Kimball C. Atwood, a wealthy I
we corn we must not plant
dication of their presence until the hedge stock, our latest setting on Le more than we do of corn.I gentleman of New York city, secretary
I leaves begin to wither and the barkto Conte stock. Budded on Le Conte any know from last and principal stockholder of one
blacken. Then they are already stock, they are worth double in quality that from my year's experience of the famous insurance companies of
forty to
inside of the tree and, of course, cano n looks, size, etc.-Rural New of Kaffir corn can be raised fifty to the that great metropolis, who is a free
longer be reached by a spray. Yorker. quent visitor to our river and in many
here in
acre right Florida on pine land
At our country place, Lawtey Bradford \ o < and the yield of fodder double that of ways strongly identified with the busi-
I County, we made a somewhat Lime rock from Ocala is being usedas WM. ness interests of our county, has become
corn. L. ORANGE.
careful examination of the blighted a paving material by the railroadsin Mannville Fla. the owner during the past week,

i trees last week. It is not progressive; Gainesville. ... through Judge A. '}'. Cornwell, of a
It seems to have already run its course tract of 160 acres of the richest sectionof
i Las week Mr. George H. Foote of
Para Grass for
I for the season and come to a pause Hay. the famous Ellenton hammock.Mr. .
f The affected twigs are uniformly those Cleveland, Ohio, bought a lot, 102 by :Mr. C. A. Bacon of Ormond writes Atwood writes us that the entire
. : which had bloom at the tips; they have : 390 house feet in, for the$2,500 colonial; and will build a in the Indian River Advocate: It will tract will be cleared and planted in

r = died back three to six inches,generallynot $10,000. S. H. Gove is the style contractor.to cost, grow from cuttings on either high or grapefruit, lemons and fancy oranges. oJ,
over three or four, and then the low land, but seems to prefer wet The fame of this hammock is so remarkable
tIre B. Russell of Hartford Conn.
dying has stopped. The tree has al J. land. We have one acre of marsh that it cannot be too frequently .
lot with feet front the
ready drawn the line sharply betweenthe bought a 150 on land planted with the grass. repeated. Forty-six years agoit
Halifax and the same on the for$3,65o.Halifax [
live bark and the dead, by a deep To prepare the land we mow off the was picked out of the whole State of ,
fissure or crease,which generally runs Journal. bullrushes turn the soil over with a Florida as the richest land and best '
i \ nearly straight around the twig. Below A. :Maritzen, president of the Mar spade, make beds fifteen feet wide by adapted for the foundation of a great

I. this fissure there is no blackening itzen Brewing Company, of Chicago, digging a ditch three feet wide and two sugar plantation, although in the center
: of the bark. It seems to be the true has just closed a contract for the erection feet deep between each bed, throwing of a State which was then a
blight, but it is in that modified form of a brewery, which will cost the earth in the center of the beds and howling wilderness. In 1858 this
which is sometimes called twig blight. $135,000 to$150ooo, with a capacityof working the soil (or mud)down smooth property sold for $190,000. It had
Something seems to depend on the 50,000 barrels of beer annually. I t before it dries, leaving the beds been cleared, an4 planted in sugar
: condition of the trees. In two contiguous will be constructed entirely of brick rounding or highest in the centre, and cane in the year the war opened,
,, fields there are three groups oLe f and steel, six stories high and workon they are ready to plant. Prepare your but the cane was never harvested and
Conte pear trees, all of about the it will be commenced in ten days.- grass cuttings about ten inches long the land has returned to the original
same age. The middle group has Tampa Tribune. and put in basket; make a "sticker" forest. Now after thirty years its


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1A .
! 262




.___ _.... .. ._ _. ._ '
---1----------------- -'- -, -- __ ---.-__- -- --n' _.-.- _---, --_ _-. -.--_.- -_ _-_

A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted toEAI1Y .


Ammonia .
412 to 54] per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4to 6 per cent.
Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per cent.

Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, 11 to 13 per cent.

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. :Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Write Us for Prices before Buying.

z\rirvSOKr <& TOOMBR, Jacksonville
Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton, ,
Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices.
value is again recognized and there a large company, which planted it in The result at once decided him to
will be built here one of the largest San Bernardino county, Cal., where make his home in Orlando, and he will Poultry.
groves in the State. One hundred the land cost $125 acre. That into the business
go on a large scale. ------------------------------------------------
and fifty acres is purchased from the company and Mr. Kerr are the largest He is prepared to furnish seed root Edited by S. S. DeLANOY Apopka Fla.
Patten estate and ten from Mr. C. P.Parrish. canaigre planters in the world, Mr. at $2.50 per single 100 pounds, or
.-Manatee River Journal. K. having large plantations of the root $2.00 per 100 by the car load. It takes 1200 Fowls in an Orange Grove.
., ... in old Mexico New Mexico Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower
--- -- Arizona 400 pounds to plant an acre, and costs :
Canaigre-An Interesting Experi- and Texas, besides a good start here. $8 to $10. To avoid receiving a well merited

ment in Orange County. Last January he came down here to He promises to buy every pound reprimand from the Society for the.
A short outline of the history of investigate this section as to its adapt- produced here at $5.00 per ton green, Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, I
canaigre and how it was brought to ability to canaigre cultivation, which and if 500 acres are planted he guar- wish to correct a few trifling errors in
the notice of the white man will leadus i investigation led to his sending a car antees the erection in Orlando of re- your statement in the issue of April
up to the experiment} underway 1 load of root, which under the super- duction works which will cost $250- rth as to how I used to keep poultry.
here and the ooo, to work all the product. I plead guilty to "over 1200 fowls,"
great possibilities of the vision of :Mayor Gore, Mr. A. G. up
industry in Florida. ]Branham planted in forty acres of or- Messrs. Gore and Branham will but not to keeping them on an acre,
Mr. R. J. Kerr of Hockley, Tex., who, through Mayor Gore, is conducting I that month. The land was ridged up wanting seed and directions for culti-
the experiment of forty acres in as is done for potatoes, and the root vating. These fowls were divided up into '
canaigre near this city, was here; sev- ]planted in hills about as potatoes are The forty acres here has had but flocks of from twenty-five to thirty-
eral days ago to look after the matter, without fertilizing. The roots used one plowing and no hoeing. five, and each flock had the exclusiveuse
r and through him the following infor were in a wild state, dug in western Experiments of planting the root in of a yard, with fences eight feet
mation is gleaned : Texas, and hauled fifteem miles by several kinds of Florida soil, with and high, enclosing from fifteen to twentyone -

A good many years ago; he was running team and then shipped 2,000 miles, so without fertilizer, demonstrated the orange trees, which were twenty
a little mill in New Mexico, using it was pretty well dried out. After fact that it does about as well on poor by twenty-five feet apart. Each yard
; leather belting which he obtained from the planting, January loth, there was land unfertilized as it does on rich or had a house that would accommodate
Indians. The quality was so fine and not enough rain to bring it up right fertilized ground. forty hens without crowding. These
durable that he was curious to know away, but it came up in about a Any crop which cost only $8 or$I 0 houses were built light, without floors,
, something concerning the tanning month. Mr. Gore is of the opinion per acre to plant and will net the and each week two men easily moved
process. Upon investigation he found that had it been planted flat or in the grower $50 or $60 with almost no them their length or width; a trenchwas
that it was tanned with wild canaigreroot water furrow, it would have done work, is certain to command wide at- dug where the house stood, the
and he called the attention of a better. tention.-Orlando Reporter. surface scraped into it and covered
friend of his, a Scotch mining with the fresh earth. Each yard was
I As it was, Messrs. Gore and Brand
assayer and chemist, to this fact, an Waste of Fertility.The furnished with a large pan, and every
ham who knew
growth morning it was filled with cool
the latter procured of the pure,
some root
and of the cotton farmer who sells a ton
. nature root, were disappointed
water drawn from
and after close examination he becameso under the rocks,
of cotton seed for$7 much fertility
disheartened at the bad sees as
more than sixty feet below the surface.
interested in it that he
sent a small taken off the farm
stand and slow as
growth, but when Mr. Each
yard was furnished with
quantity to Scotland, where its tan Kerr returned, about two months after who sells twenty-five tons of but box in which a
was always kept broken
ning qualities were tested and proved ter at$400 ton while the
the he dairymanwho
planting, was more than gratified per ; shells or what is much
. oyster better
that the ,
. party to the buys a ton of cottonseed meal
- at result, and said it had done clam shells, cracked corn and char.s
was sent ordered a carload, a pot for his cows brings to the farm
, better than he dared to hope for, and a
tion of which was planted in Scotland much he will drive coal.They
that the prospect was far better than fertility as off i in fed in the
with the hope that it might be adapted the of live morning a
that will
shape forty
he had ever seen anywhere in Texas hogs
warm mash, two-thirds wheat bran
to that soil and climate ,
but it would
him and the of f
California or elsewhere. Some roots bring manure
feed meal with over half
r- unfavorable not produce climatic there on conditions.account of the he had planted at Waldo, in October, the will hogs remain, as well as that of the cows, bushel of ground beef, scraps. At night a

had made good progress. He was sat behind.Crabtree'sFarmer. they were fed wheat, with a very little
From that, however, the root became isfied with the growth of the root here, corn mixed in.
t'. known in the old .
country as but was not certain as the acid product, To pay for this kind of treatmentthe
, being valuable for its product of tannin but said 10 per cent would be good.In Orange blossoms are becoming so 800 hens (there were 400 males,
and orders began to come into the meantime Mr. Gore had gath- common on the island once more thatit of them being turned
300 capons) out
: this country not only from Scotland, ered some young roots and had Prof. is no longer necessary to go about from forty to fifty dozen
I but from all over Europe, until now Baker to analyze them, and the result t counting them.-Drayton Island item day. The"little profit" was of eggs such every size
the demand is world-wide. in Palatka Times.
was cent tannic acid.
13.52 per that, now while the grove is not pro-
- From this Mr. Kerr was induced togo Mr. Kerr .-.-*
was more pleased than before ducing three or four thousand boxes of
t- into its culture on a large scale. Her and stated that if the green roots No SAFER OR MORE EFFICACIOUS I
am back
a going
oranges year, to
r gathered-the wild root, planted it i in I that much the dried would REMEDY can be had for Coughs, or any
gave give the "chicken business"
and trouble of the throat than "Brown, again, with
large quantities furnished seed tot 120 per cent. Bronchial Troches." this difference: While formerly I kep

i t


-; ,a -- -_. >-.__. u'___. __ sA -- _.-- ,---, -, ----'-,-,---- I
--- -

;.... .. -




r .

Plymouth Rocks exclusively and for thirty parts water. I have found cot-

market only, I intend to secure eightor ton seed hulls the best material for DeLAJSrOY'S;_

ten of the leading varieties of thoroughbred nests, as. the lint will hold a large

fowls, and cater somewhatto amount of sulphur, snuff or insect

the "fancy" in connection with the powder, all of which I have tried and Popular Poultry farm

market business. A. F. STYLES. found very little difference in them,

Oak Bluff Grove, Jacksonville, Fla. except that the sulphur is cheaper. In

.. n the past ten years I have carpetedand HPOPKH, FLT ,

Treadmill Sitters. furnished my house, sent two

I have increased my poultry as my children to school and bought a fami-- T l L

means and knowledge of the business ly carriage, besides various other CORNISH INDIAN GAMES

increased, until I now keep 300 laying things, with the profits of my fowls. 34 Sharp's and Imported. The best Table Fowl known. ,

hens. I have experimented with vari- Most of these I should have been -.. Great for Broilers..a' .

ous breeds, but have finally settled compelled to do without if I had not I

down to only two, Langshans and earned them myself. And last but by 'I' -$; ]1.DLACK..;. MIND RCAS .l-[

Plymouth Rocks. These I keep sep- no least I have found
means pleasant Larger than Leghorns. Good layers of Large White Eggs.

arate and pure, and I believe I can relaxations from the usual treadmill C ---- -..-..-

show as many premiums from the different existence of a farmer's wife.-Texas I We give all our attention to the above two breeds, and aim to have the
fairs as any other woman in the Stockman. best. Both well adapted to this climate.

State. When I began almost my reduced. prices during balance of 1896. One setting
E G G SAt ; two, 82.50; three, 83.35.: r:! Packed in
highest ambition was to own an in- Nests for Hatching. E Egg Carriers and guaranteed to arrive safe.

cubator, but I have not got one yet.I A chicken breeders -WE CAN FURNISH-

have no doubt that they are of great great many POULTRY SUPPLIES.
strenuously maintain that the nest for

advantage to the poultry business, butI a hen that is to sit and hatch a broodof
have found that not abso- I
they are chickens should be on the ground smooth; but perhaps a few may need a BRASS BAND
to make it .
lutely profitable.I
whenever that is possible. They second oiling. e ''Instruments,Drams Uniforms,Equip.mentsforBandsandDmmCorpa .
in this I few
manage way: keep a claim that the great advantage of hav- You ask,why this work? The scabis est prices evergnoted. Fine Catalog.4oo Low-

-twenty to twentyfiveinveterateold ing the nest on the ground is that the a disease, and will go through tl e Illustrations maffed/ree; it gives Band
sitters and make them hatch from :Music Instrnct'ns for Amateur Bands.
moisture arising from the soil preventsthe flock and on down to the chicks zs LYON MEALY, .
three to five clutches at a sitting by Cor.idami SU tad Wtbuh Avenue,Cblaso,111.EGGS !.
eggs from drying up and destroying hatched, and only healthy fowls can
the chicks fast
taking as as theyare
away the germ of the young chick by do their best.
hatched and them with
replacing excluding the air. The egg shell is Sort out all hens that are not active '
fresh As the chicks removed
from the eggs.nest are in brooders porous, but if there is no moisture the and perfectly healthy-twenty good FROM BEST STRAINS
they are placed -
warmth from the hen hardens the hens are worth forty pretty fair ones. Barred
made skin wool Plymouth
by laying a sheep membrame inside before the chick is Now see to the cocks. Are they vig- and Brown Leghorns, 81
outward in low board box high for $1.75for26 Mi-
a just 13;
able to break through it. In every orous and sturdy, broad-breasted and norcas, Buff Leghorns
for the little fellows
enough to creep such case the chick dies. And they the right sort to mate your hens to in- Buff Cochins, Silver Wyandotte -
under. Each of these is surroundedby ..,,;4 i'I *, 81.50 for 13;
also note the fact that those hens sure a healthy, hearty lot of chicks? $2.50 for 26.

twelve inch boards on edge, and as which steal their nests in the summer Remember the cock is half the flock, Early the Mitchell earliest Straw-, 25
the chicks berry ( )
are large enoughto
soon as
usually come off with full broods. and an extra dollar spent on him in Plants Free with each
jump over these they have the run ting. Catalc! cue free.
While all this is true there getting a good one mean
are may 100 percent KENNESAW FARMS\
with the others of feet.
a yard 24x48 Box 191, Marietta\ Ga.
other breeders who, after careful trials, profit next fall.
This is what I call
> my hawkproofsafe believe that the best results are reach. No need of fancy nests, houses or -
and is made of four of
rows ed by putttng the sitting hen in a boxat fowls, but do your best with what you
six feet and six feet THE IMPROVED
posts set apart least three feet off the ground. Two now have; keep things clean, keep VICTOR
which nailed inch
high, on are 1x3 bucket-fuls of common earth are put down lice, and keep the fowls prop
and which is stretched wire
strips over into the box and the nest made on top erly fed, and they will keep you in
with and half inch INCUBATOR
mesh.netting The one sides a boarded of that. The earth gives all the moisture eggs and make you sure there is money ....._ Hatches Chickens by Steam.

are up needed and the hen is not liableto in hens, even the common kinds.- Absolutely self-retulatlnr.
three feet from the and The simplest most reliable.
ground one
be annoyed by inquisitive children, Country Gentleman. Catalogne and cheapest first-class Hatcher
width of the netting finishes them to In the market. Circulars tree,
rats or minks.-Mobile Register. 4 cent CEO.EILTEI&CO.,Quincy,IUCiremari >
the top of the posts. The tops are
c The Gainesville and Gulf Railroadis
sawed off square and of an even
Hints to Farmers. doing an extensive business at pres-
height before the strips are nailed on. HATCH Chlokens sr 8TEAM-
ent. Two trains of cabbage arrive in wi h the MODEL
On one side of this is a covered Now, while this nice weather lasts, ---
this that road The roadis EXCELSIOR
city daily.
shed where I keep my brooders anda give the hen-house a cleaning; do it over .. M
well the farmersin SimpU. Perfect StlfKegvlating. -
patronized by
lot of low roosts. Part of this covered thoroughly, for lice will soon start their being o. Thoutaod. Lowest in aucca.taloperation. priM
the Evinston and McIntosh
ground is spaded up every few annual (or shall I say weekly?) brood. tions. Gainesville Sun. sec- Bead ac.trey for IIn&-elue.Hatcher H. 8TA11L made.CEO. .

days to give the chicks a place to When you have cleaned the house --.. l11u,.Cauiome 114 to1g8H.gthftQBlncT.nl.

scratch, and they are not taken out and nests, and raked all droppings off
W. N. Farlow of Beatrice Neb.
until they are from six to eight weeks the gravel, dust the whole place with ,
who has the of
I old, when most of my broilers are air-slaked lime (if you cannot white- the winter spent about St.greater Cloud portion and Nar- WOVEN WIRE FENCE

marketed. Of course the hawks wash it); then get your brush and can Earth. Horse high I
has about fifteen Over 50 Styles The best on
sometimes get one when they are of petroleum oil, and give the roosts a coosee, purchased Bull strong, Fig and Chicken
hundred of land from the Diss- tight. Ton can make from 40
turned out but my losses from this good coat all over. Oil the places acres toi'60' rods per day for from ]
ton Land Company, which he will I4to22c. a Rod.
source are very few. I do not spend where roosts rest at ends; a little in UI Illustrated Catalogue Free.
stock with cattle.
, time sick fowls but the nest boxes will help and KITSELMAN BROS.,
much doctoring some ,Rldgeville, Indiana.
I have a small run where I put all that about the edges of the drop platform In conversation with the fruit

are ailing and keep them separatedfrom under roosts, or any such places where we learn that those orchards
the others until they either die lice can get.I .
bore heaviest last will
that not
Convention of the Prohi
The State
fowls have abun- find better than kero-
well. My an petroleum
this but the
have so large a crop year,
bition will meet at Lawtey April
dance of range, and are fed a great sene; it goes further, is cheaper, and, new trees coming in together with the party ,
The leaders of the
food with best of all it does not 22. party expectto
variety of green rye, oats evaporate so
will the
old ones, run crop up to a
make this
and barley to run on in the winter, ;quickly; and when fowls warm up the fourth larger than last Grapes an aggressive campaign
little disease the fumes of the oil year. year, and hope to largely increase the
and I have very among roosts at night, go give promise of an enormous crop.-
in this State.
them. all through the fowls and help drive vote
Walton County Breeze. .
, To guard against mites and lice I off any lice. I believe the roosts when ...i* .. .. .- -

keep the floor of the house well kept well oiled with petroleum are as Editor Branning of the Waldo Ad- Orlando now has a first-class tele-

dusted with ashes and slacked lime good lice exterminators as one can vertiser has gone into The chicken- phone exchange, which was put in byJ.

every six months. As no droppingsfall have in a poultry house.It raising business and expects large M. Lennon and is being operatedby

on the ground I find this sufficientif will cause some trouble, but be crops. him.

all of the wookwork is whitewashedand sure your hens are all clean on the legs .

every few weeks sprayed with (free of scab). If at all rough, oil Last year 1,500 pounds of butterwas About two hundred acres of melons

coal oil or Cannon's sheep dip made them well with petroleum, and in a sold from the Trumbull plantation will be grown in the Hawthorne* neighborhood .'3A :7

into a solution of one part dip to few days they will be bright and in Jefferson county. this year. _

.>t I

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State News.WWWWWWW. Our Rural Home. ,! cashmere, some might prefer Asiatic wwww -
filo floss, which is finer than the Ro- ,
- I 2
t Since the town is about ready to Spring .Sewing. The sleeves were comfortably full' FOR THE HOME
i impound cattle, and the cattle men For Our Rural Home. and had cuffs turned back at the wrists.A .
know she means business, very few Before the rush of the spring cleaning circular, turn-down collar finishedthe .............r--:;;
cattle are found running at large. No is the best time to repair the contents neck of the sack. ..Frlan f i NIIs/ ,
monkey business will be allowed on of the linen closet. The edge of the sack, collar and 1 POPlIlAR LIES
this cattle matter.-Daytona Item in The custom of turning sheets whichwas cuffs were finished with a neat crochet ,. t "'''''.M. ONTnLY
DeLand Record. so common in our grandmothers'day edge of pink Victoria crochet silk. {ror I '
r The reports filed in the city treas- is scarcely thought of at the pres- Silk boots are also made of the pink ) BOYS ,
urer's office at Jacksonville show that ent time, and unless one had more Victoria crochet silk. Full directionsfor t C And '' \\
sixteen foreign building and loan asso- time at her disposal than the average knitting them are given on page 40 G1R L ,
c ciations are now doing business in housekeeper, it would be rather doubtful of "Art Needlework." This very useful -
that city. All but two of these have economy.It book of 120 pages can be obtainedby vr7rrv f.-. "" :"- :J JFRANK
complied with the provisions of chapter is a good plan to make one pairof sending ten cents to the Brainerd !? > -'> """

158 of the acts of the legislatureof new sheets and pillow cases for each & Armstrong Co., New London, Conn. LESLIE'S
1893, requiring each foreign build- bed in constant use, laying aside those It contains directions for making a
ing and loan association doing busi- which have become old and soft, but great; number of fancy articles, with illustrations :
.ness in the State of Florida to deposit not too thin for use, to be used in of the articles, fancy stitches, POPULARMONTHLY
with the State treasurer the sum of sickness or in hot weather when a etc., and will prove invaluable to all
$25,000, to secure the holders of stockin daily change is desirable. who do fancy work. ,
these associations. Sheets and pillow cases too much "Doyley and Centre-piece Book" 'Contains each Month: Original Water Color
Tomato growers who practice stak- worn for further use maybe laid aside has recently been issued by the same t 1Y.Frontispiece tter; 100;New t 28 Quarto and High-class Pages of Illustra-Reading
ing and tying their tomatoes can pro- for rugs. firm. It contains new stitches in embroidery 'tiona; More Literary Matter and Iliustra-
cure bark at any cigar factory in Tampa The best parts of old table cloths designs for centre-pieces and $1 tlons than any lJ cti.other; $Magazine J a 'iear.I in America.

free of charge, that will answer as may be used for common napkins. doyleys, ideal Honiton lace work, tea
well as any twine. This bark comes Other parts, if neatly hemmed, will and luncheon cloths, table spreads, Frank I Leslie's Pleasant Hours

around, the tobacco shipped from Cuba, make good bread cloths, while the and directions for cut work. It gives FOR COYS AND GIRLS.

and is burned as rubbish after the tobacco thin portions, cut in squares and full directions for the work mentioned, \ A fiHsht, WhoJt>!I\omo. Juvenile Monthly.
is unpacked. This is worth remembering fringed, will make soft wash cloths.If besides many other fancy articles. The ;: TVIv i lustraed. The best writers for young
|.people c iitributj to It. 10 cts. ; $1 &
now that it seems to be a [ any of the clpth still remains, use price is only ten cens. Every loverof j S IDALLSU3oCRITIOnSTO year.
settled fact that staking tomatoes will it, and also worn out towels, for dish fancy work should have a copy.R. .

save them from the ravages of the cut cloths, folding three or four thicknesses ... .E. M. : FARMER' & FRUIT GROWER
-- ,
worm. Every item of expense saved together and quilting a few times )
i is worth looking into.-Bartow Cou- across with needle or machine. Health and Prosperity.We \I JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

rier. Buy new tablecloths, towels and cannot too strongly urge upon I
1 $4.50 for lioth Publlc'tlons.
Among the passengers on the north- napkins to replace the worn ones. our readers the necessity of a proper
bound train yesterday evening was The next in order is the summer understanding of the laws of hygieneif Undoubtedly tho Best Club Offers
Chas. H. Walton, editor and proprietor underclothing. we would maintain our reputationas ,;

of the Indian River Advocate, who Repair the best garments with the the health resort of the world. '(. JV Sen furMw.lsustrutedPremium J f> rVrtHfc Tsulic'a Publishing List Home,Fret.,N.Y..

informed the Citizen correspondentthat best portions of the worn ones. Florida is known the wide world over \ >-,---.r-n ""!i j <_i-ujJ>- -i ii_ i-in-r->--rxj-unrxrxrx i
in connection with the Russell New cloth should be used to replace as a healthy, delightful climate for the )
.purchase of 115,000 acres of swamp the neck and wristbands of invalid, this means millions to the
and other lands near Sebastian, In- white shirts. the bands of skirts and State, and annually swells the bank BULBS & PLANTS.Butterfly
dian River, the material for A. 0. drawers, and perhaps the neck bandor accounts of our railroads, hotel men .
Russell's railroad from the main line collar of gowns. After the old and the general man of business. .

of the Florida East Coast railway to garments have been repaired, lay them Health is the chief aim of humanity "White Canna"Lily (by recently some enterprising catalogued flor as

the center of the Cincinnatus Farms, away for hot weather, and make what- or, at least, it should be, for without istsbeautifuland) fragrant...............ioc.Canna .
a distance of ten miles, has been ever new ones will be required, so i it all the favors lavished upon our Nepalensis-Giant,Cardinal fine yellow.tall..and....showy..10C. ...........,.\Q
bought and is now en route from Cincinnati that they may be ready to put on devoted heads by Dame Nature C. Robusta,bronze leaved ................ ....10
C. Flaccida, the "Orchid Canna" .., ...,...10
to Sebastian.-Florida Citizen. when the winter flannels are laid aside. amount to naught; they are fleeting and Caladium Esculentum-elephant's ear.......10
The first shipment of cotton seed New aprons for both mother and transitory, and are banished by the IS": The above collection for 50 cents.
oil made :Madison left for New York children may be made from remnantsof first of the demon of ill- Amaryllis Equestre, 6 cents each; three for
at appearance 15c.; six for ......... ............ ..........25<<:.
via Florida Central and Peninsular pretty goods left in the stores from health. You may be surrounded by Tuberose bulbs fine double,sc. each; six for.25
The last year's stock. all mundane luxuries and Tuberose,smaller size, per dozen..... ........10
railroad last week.
consignment imagine Oxalis bulbs(rose-colored),per dozen.......10
consisted of 100 barrels. The oil was After the repairing is done, all of yourself in the seventh heaven of hap- Madeira vinesc. each; six for..............25
the discarded Pereskia Aculeata,each....... ... .........10
manufactured by the Florida Manufacturing portions may be made piness, when the stinging pangs of Night-blooming Cereus (C grandiflora)......20
Company, and it will be into rugs. rheumatism, the choking hand of Honeysuckle Halliana,white, fragrant ., .. .10
Coral, or Fuschla-flowered honeysuckle. ....10
placed on the New York market in Get a few packages of Diamond asthma, or the dread reflection that Ampelop: ,quinque folia (American Ivy)....10
competition with the same kind of oil Dyes and dye the rags, making several your chief heritage on earth is a pul- Crotalaria Wisteria'Sin Retusa en sis..(.West......India... ...Rattlebox............or. .20

made in Texas. The difference in shades of each color. monary disease, comes to you and Yellow Sweet Pea), good plants, each.. ,10
freight rates and the high grade of the Select for each rug the colors that banishes pleasure as rapidly as our worth$}"To of those bulbs who or plants purchase and twenty-five enclose five cents'cents
oil are expected to make its manufacture will harmonize. The rags thus pre- Florida sunshine and resinous breezes additional of towards paying postage,I will send
cuttings a handsome ,
fragrant cream tea rose
at Madison a profitable enter pared may be braided and sewed into banish the pallor from the cheeks of or if preferred of the Cherokee rose; both fine,;
mats, knitted upon wooden needles, the "punny" and paint them with the tings.ever-green climbers; or variegated Lantana cut-
prise.We shipped last week from Winter crocheted with a strong hook, hooked roseate hue of health.At SEEDS.

Haven depot 6,052 crates, most of through burlap, or sewed into carpet the last meeting of the State Two cents per packet, or 5 packets for Sc.
them containing tomatoes. There rags and woven into rugs. In weav Medical Association, held at Sanford,
were some few crates of squash, beans, ing rugs, have one inch at each end Dr. George Troup Maxwell, one of Canna lensis Flaccida;Balloon; C.vine Giant; White Cardinal Cypress; C.; Tnun Nepa
egg plant, etc., but tomato is king. filled in with cotton warp, then turn it the oldest and wisest of Florida's bergia; Wisteria; Velvet Bean; Crotalaria;
Ricinus Palma Christi
( ); antana; Zinnias,
This is simply the beginning of our under for a hem. physicians, read an able paper in mixed; Marigold; Coral Honeysuckle.At .
season, many planters having yet to Tie a heavy fringe of the warp into which he clearly set forth the duties :$c. a packet, or two for Se.
make their first shipments. Last Sat- the hem at each end of the rug. devolving upon our State Board of Bryonopsis, marble vine, with lovely little
urday night 13,070 crates were shippedover R. MERRYMAN.. Health, school officials and parents.We zilian round fruits Morning mottled Glory red lavender and white blossom; Bra-;
the Bartow branch of the Plant ..... consider the paper of the utmost Mexican Ipomcea white} Mexican Moon
System, the total being made up from Baby Sack and Boots. importance and worthy of the careful : small Flower scarlet; Balsam fruit.Apple, the variety with
crates collected at various points con- For Our Rural Home. consideration of every man and woman -i
CffTo all who purchase eight cents' worth of
tained within the seventeen miles A very dainty sack for a baby was in Florida who desires the growthand seeds sending self addressed,stamped envelope,
traversed by said railroad. How is recently seen at a friend's house. The prosperity of the State. I saved will send from a choice packet melons of fine by Watermelon myself; or if Seed preferred ,
that for poor, frozen Florida? Re- material was a soft white wool goods, Every statement made by the doc- ,Crotalaria seed.ty .
member 13,070 crates constitute but with dots about the size of a pea, em- tor is based upon reason and cannot would If be seeds glad to or be plants informtd do not give satisfaction

one day's shipments.-Winter Haven broidered with pink Roman floss. As be disputed. We defy the successful M. Q. MILLS,

Gazette. the material was about as heavy as contradiction of a single statement. St. Thomas, Pasco County, Fla.



io -..- .. -....-.-.- .." ', ,. .-.. -. _. .. _...._- -_.. .- -.--.. -. .. ... -- '- ---- -- .' ,.. -"
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I ai .





.. ,

,',, ..

rtNNN ; 14gwILi1I

I \

I\r/ i

'L : 4 I

: Shortest, Quickest, ]Most Attractive



Florida Central and Peninsular


New York to Jacksonville by
New Florida Pennsylvania 11. R. to Washington -
and Southern Railway to
Northern I Columbia, Florida Central &
Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
points in Florida.
A -r r-
:: Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati
-- -=- tion by QueeR & Crescent,
Harriman Junction to Asbe-
Aslievllle & vile and Columbia by Southern -
Railway and Florida
VIEW ON THE ST. JOHNS RIVER. Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular Columj -
j bia to Jacksonville.

I Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
We call attention to this matter, as we Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
firmly believe that nothing will increase Rtt OVer Florida. Brer Talmage preached a sermon a andFlorida) Southern R'y to Ever-
ette,Florida Central & Peninsular -
I our prosperity and add so muchto ---- few days ago on newspapers and Limited. to all important Florida
newspaper men. He said that in the points.
the happiness of the of the
people A Young :Men's Christian Associa Kansas City Fort Scott &
State as prompt action, wisdom, and tion has been launced at Tampa. near future the press will be the front Kansas and City Memphis R.R.to Kansas City,
wheel of God's chariot, and a lot of Jackao'vllleThro' }to Birmingham, Southern IVy
care in matters pertaining to the healthof A large quantity of Cuban tobacco Line to Everette, Fla. Central &:
our such senseless gush. Talmage had to Peninsular to all Fla. points.
Journalof is being brought to Key West about
Commerce. preach this sermon. Since he came Louis to Jacksonville by
seven thousand bales storedin Short Line Du
now being to Quoin,
... the bonded to Washington and horned another Holly Sp'gs Central to Hollyp'gs,
--- warehouse there.
preacher out of his pulpit the Route. City, Memphis &: Birmingham -
The trouble between the Booths appears Key West is still calling for the newspapers J to Birmingham Sou.
have not taken kindly to him R'y to Everette and F. C.&P.
be kind of establishment of the free of f
to regarded as a jus- delivery and his late flood of hyperbole was to Sioux City& Chicago to Jacksonville -
tifiable Absalom David mail in that which Ill. Cent. to
vs. affair. system place, Holly Holly
win Sp'gsIloute.
them back. Brer Talmage is one }Sp'gs, K., C. !I. &:D. to Birmingham -
recommended three different
Sou. R'y to Ever-
of the smoothest word
., A :Missouri man has married six jugglers that
times by of the ette and the F. C. & P.
times within six years. Wouldn't he government. ever came over the pike. He won Louis'ille &Nash'ille to River
4 his first blue ribbon New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
make : by a "sermon" on
a. after Brigham The
Key West Advertiser does not To }route with through sleepersJacksonville
Young's own heart! like the tabooing of that port in the the newspaper, in which he taffied Jacksonville.The between New. Orleans and

matter of docks and newspaper men, many years ago.-
John Jeems Ingalls is going to try establishing dry Journal of Commerce. F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
the whole Florida running through the
: says government machinery
for the Senate. It would be interest- Tobacco ,
ing to see him unfurl his lip in a is run by a political "pull," and while ) s4 Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
Key West has from twenty six to A woman has just been appointed Peach and Strawberry Land,
charge in support of the :Monroe doc- Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country, .
trine.If thirty-five feet of water other places assistant professor of English in the Phosphate Belt.
with less are selected for dry docks. University of :Michigan. Sheis Miss Has the Other Silver Fine Spring Scenery.and

Mr. Cleveland had forseen the The people of Volusia county have Gertrude Buck, a daughter of Judge The Great Hunting Country.
occurrences at Frankfort last month Beaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.
gone to work in earnest to improvethe Buck, of :Michigan. Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety
he would probably have included public roads. They believe that .. of soils in the State,and above all

Kentucky in the list of dangerous streets will make cities Runs over the Central Rldgeland
don't old like
prosperous see why an man
communities which Where it Is High and Healthy.
to he alluded in
and that good roads will enhancethe you should sue the city for damages," Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
missionary address. value of lands, bring settlers, and said the lawyer.C"What do you expect the the best Northern freight markets.facilities for any produce to

When this continent has passed en- start a steady and sure improvement. to get out of it?" Send also for the best map of Florida (sent

tirely into the ownership of about one They have struck the keynote of suc- 4 tee.. free) and note the A.O.MAODONELLG.P.A.Jacksonville towns on its route.

dozen :men, there may be a general cess. "Nothing for myself," replied the ,F fa.

j awakening to the fact that there is a Florida's educational record for the old man, "but in the regular course of The Fla. Cent. & Penins ular: R.
land question to be settled. The
com- decade covered by the last census pe- court proceedings, it may be possible Offers to Shippers
ing century! How much that meansto to a verdict in time to do
riod from 1880 to get my
1890, as comparedwith The Shortest and Quickest Route
the reformer! During that time he [ "
grandchildren some good.
that of the United States, and of ;
.1. expects his dreams to become realities. BETWEEN
. :, ::. We are at its very threshold, with all the Southern States, was exceedingly FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
Beware of Ointments for
satisfactory. What it has been since Catarrh
,:/"l> ; its possibilities before us. THE EAST AND WEST.With .
I .-' **' 0 1890 can be estimated only from the that Contain Mercury, Improved Ventilated Cars,this com-
; .' It is not enough to believe in a local evidences of continued progress. As mercury will surely destroy the sense pany is better equipped than ever ever to

; ,0 thing; there must be actual knowledge According to the census reports, the of smell and completely derange the whole insure handle close the Orange connections and Vegetable and prompt Crops despatchto and

! t of it before one is qualified to speak decrease in the percentage of illiteracyin system when entering it through the mu- all Eastern and Western Markets.
cous surfaces. Such articles should never Through cars to destination without
for it. There are a great many men the United States was 21.8. In the be used
except on prescriptions rep- change or delay.
who regard their views on the financial Southern States it was 24. i, being a atable pbysicans, as the damage they will Perishable freight followed by wire and
question as important and of the of cent the do is tenfold to the shippers advised time passing various Junc-
yet gain 2.3 per over averageof good you can possi- tion points and arrival at desUnatlon.
number not many can give an intelli- the Union. In Florida the percentage bly derive from them. Hall's Catarrh All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-

gent reply as to why he favors free silver of decrease was 25.9, or n.8 Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & ly adjusted.
Co., Toledo,0.,contains no mercury,and See that your goods are markedvia
j or why he adheres the
to gold greater than the of the Southern .
j average
is taken internally, acting directly upon F. C. & P. R. R.
standard, as these designations are States, and 14.1 greater than the the blood and mucous surfaces the sys- For information call on or address the undersigned -

commonly understood. They do not average of the United States. The tem. In buying Hall's Catarrh Cure be C. E. TAYLOR: Trav.A'gt.Ocala,Fla.

understand the principle of money to decrease in the percentage of illiteracy sure you get the genuine. It is taken internally W. B. TUCKER Gen.A'g't,Orlando, Fla.
, with therefore their i|I and made in Toledo, 0., by F. O.M.HOLDEN,Trav. A gt, Leesburg. Fla
begin the
opinion as in the United
among negroes H. Cheney & Co. Testimonials free.JCSTSold W.R. FULLER,Trav. AVt,
to conclusions is not of great im States was 18.9; in the Southern States I I Price Or N.S. PENNINGTON,Traffic Manager,
jl, by Druggists. per Jacksonville,Fla.
portance. 19.7; and in Florida, 28.4.-Citizen. I bottle. I W, H. PLKABANT8. General J'reIlht.Aa1


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Personal.As ; a good foothold before the end of the pect within three years when you consider -
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower
my name has been somewhat rainy season and flourished right along that the two sections named

A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main extensively published as a stockholderand through the autumn drouth. They above contain only one-third of the
Street,Jacksonville.Fla. I had only about three-fourths of a ton'of acreage in Southern California."
director of the Southern Florida commercial fertilizer per acre, but In the same issue of the same paperwe

TERMS OF! SUBSCRIPTION Co-operative Fruit Growing Association the ground was combed and brushed I find this: "Why, do you know that

For One Year ...............................12.00 I wish to state that I own no with the traditional skill of a French- Spain alone will this coming year produce -
For Six Months........................ ..... i.oo
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 stock in this association and have man. By Christmas they had deep- nearly 6,000,000 cases of Valencia -
subscriptions in all cases cash in grown roots, powerful necks and plentyof oranges? The reason for this in
been officer of it
advance. No discount allowed on one's never an except on bearing crowns. The ground was crease in production is that Spain formerly

own subscription(except in a club), but to paper. I have given directions that as clean as a chess-board, the mulching gave a great deal of attention to

all mowed a on liberal all subscriptions cash commission obtainedby willIe the use of my name in either capacitybe i was applied and carefully tucked i grape growing and wine making, and

them. Write for terms. : discontinued. S. POWERS.l under every plant, so that the berries i this industry in recent years received

To every new subscriber we will send, ". would rest on straw. such a set-back owing to difficulty in
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- :Mr. W. In the March frosts only a few beds their treaties with other countries that /
G. Robinson
of the firm of
ing in Florida.
For two subscribers
new were covered nine-tenths of them they had to give growing and
; up grape
H. F.
at $2.00 each, we will send, & Co., bankers and
were left to protect their fruit with go more into orange culture. I learn
postpaid, a copy Moore's "Orange cotton brokers of Gainescille, esti- I
Culture." mates that the acreage of cotton in their foliage. that something like 2,000,000 orange
Rates of advertising on application. Alachua will be From March n to April 21 there trees have been planted this year in
Remittances should be made by check, cent county than last twenty-five per fill in Jacksonville 1.28 inches of rain the Valencia orange district of Spain.
larger The
postal note money order or registered year. (less than that in the last The from that is
letter to order of age in :Marion county is estimated at Lawtey); output country givingto
two weeks not a drop. The drouthwas England and other countries in
.. severe; even corn "rolled"on; Europe a continual distribution of
Jacksonville Fla. The Southern Express Company began f eshly plowed land the weed seeds Spanish oranges almost the year

on Tuesday,April 21, a fast through did not germinate. around. The season of 1894 com
CONTENTS.Citrus express train service from Florida to Most patches began to fall off in menced in October, and there were

t" in the Far South-; Root-Pruning at Jersey City,running on passenger time, their output. Monsieur Moulin had oranges in England up to the ist of

Planting; Grasshoppers in the Grove...... 259 which is twenty-four hours better than I gathered as high as twenty-six crates September, 1895. Probably America,
Florida's Tree Palms; Notes from De Soto any schedule heretofore in effect. This .at a picking: ; but April 18 he gathered this coming year, will get a larger
Florida Wines
County; Popular. 260
Pear Blight Spreading; A Champion for the train will run from South Florida over only twenty-two crates (bushels). But proportion of 'Valencias' than hereto-

Kieffer Pear......... .................... 261 both the Florida Central and Peninsular he insisted that this drop was the result fore, as 6,000,000 cases means nearly
FARMER AND Ta.ucKEIl-Kaftir Corn and l and the Plant System of railroads. i of a March frost only new 12,000,000 boxes."

Drouth; Para Grass for Hay; An Old Leaving South Florida at night, it will ; showing its effects; and that his plants There was a freeze in Florida.
Florida ..... ......... I
Sugar 26CANAIGREAn 1 arrive in would rally. April 21 he picked
Jersey City on the following There will be something as bad as a
Interesting Experiment in
Orange County; Waste of Fertility ...... 262 night. This has long been a favorite thirty-nine crates and four quarts. The freeze somewhere else one of these
POULTRY: 1,200 Fowls in an Orange Grove. 262 project of Superintendent Myers, but berries were pronounced by old growers days. .
Treadmill Sitters; Nests for Hatching;Hintsto this is the first season when he has rivals of Monsieur Moulin, as fine .. J,

Farmers........... ................ .... 263 been able to perfect his plans to put it and high-colored as any that had ever A Simple Irrigating Device. f\
OUR RURAL HOME-Spring Sewing; Baby been brought on the .
into operation. If the will Lawtey depot.At
Sack and Boots;Health and Prosperity.. 264 I company We once saw in this State an inge
the prices from New
View on the St.Johns River(illustration).All operate refrigerator cars in this service, telegraphed nious contrivance which was quickly
Over Florida; Brer Talmage............. 265 and give a substantial reduction on the York that morning ((35 to 40 cents a improvised and rendered good service.It .
EDITORIAL-Personal;A New Departure in express rates now prevailing on straw quart), this one day's picking would was in a strawberry patch of two
Transportation; Good Results from Flat. berries peaches and have netted Monsieur Moulin some
perishable vege and a half sufficiently
woods acres, slightly sloping,
Doing the to Death A
; Orange
; The flatwoods region in the
tables this service money.
can be made of al \
Simple Irrigating Device; Tillage'is Irrigation I to permit water to flow. A
..................................... 266 most incalculable benefit to Florida. rainy season, if not drained, is occa well was dug on the highest ground
Markets............. ..................... .... 267 Now is the time, if ever, while the or sionally very wet. A pioneer says he has and kerosene barrels were placed
Weather and Crops-Government Report.... 268 ange is down, for the growers and the ridden over the spot where these along in a row eighteen (feet apart,
Florida .. strawberries when the
269 carriers, working in harmony to buildup grew water was
each a little lower than the last one.
APIARY-Preventing Granulation of
Honey 270 to the belly-band. It is
up not
an industry in deciduous fruits and over
Be Not Deceived;A Cheap Fertilizer; Firm These were connected by a \y2 inch
six (feet to water in the wells and i in
ing the Ground, Why?; A Tariff or the finer vegetables, like celery,lettuce iron pipe, running from the top of
Bounty-Which? .......... ............... 272 and cauliflower, and place it upon sucha the rainy season it comes to the surface the first to the bottom of the second,
sometimes. Orange trees haveroots
solid basis that the will
orange never and from the top of the second to the
Weather in Jacksonville. be able again, as it did before, to over like a cart wheel's spokes, not bottom of the third, and so on

Week Ending April 20,1896. shadow and dwarf nearly out of existence even a rudimentary taproot. But the through the whole series. The water
every rival. These lines of flatwoods soil has density and it hash a
produce was raised by means of a hand
a a a =' .: h clay bottom in a drouth it holds pump.
be ;
......ATB. d Q i -a d .&. i-; are not rivals either, except wit As the first barrel was filled the water
00 00 :g H aApril14. 1 the carriers ; the people of the North wonderfully well. began to flow to the second and so on,

..-...... -68 -71 -80 -64 -16 -72 -. want them all, as well as the orange. the whole lot being filled by pumping
April IS........ 69 72 81 66 15 74 .o But under an unnatural stimulus the; Doing the Orange to Death. into the first. From the barrels the
April 16........ 82 61
71 21 72 .00
April 17........ 6.t 71 84 59 25 72 .00 orange assumed such an importancewith A Redlands, California, correspondent water had to be carried to the plants
April April 19.... .... 70 72 72 71 85 85 64 65 21 20 74 75 .00..00April20. the transportation companies that writes to the New York Fruit t in buckets and a small canful poured
......... 66 7. 87 62 25 74 .00 they cared but little whether they gave I Trade Journal: "Riverside has about t over each plant.

)(ean........ -68 -72 -83 -63 -20 -73 -. .00 the deciduous fruit interest living ratesor 12,000 acres of oranges, seventy.fiveper The cost of the entire plant, including

Total rainfall. not. cent. or more of which are Navels.The well, pump, barrels, pipe,and set-
T Trace. )' are planted one hundred trees to ting up ready for use, was $85. Bye
A. J. MITCHELL Observer.
Good Results from Flatwoods. the acre, which would make about on such a small outlay the owner calculated -
., .
The once despised flatwoods region million trees. In three years they that he increased his crop ofof
The reception committee of the is looking up in this dry weather. To will be all in bearing, the oldest berries sufficiently to bring him in

Jacksonville Board of Trade, Messrs. give only one instance of its capacities: them being at least twelve years old. $300 over and above what he would

J. E. Stillman, L. A. Wilson and S. Monsieur Fortune :Moulin, of Lawtey, To this,add 6,600 acres of solid Navels have received.

Powers, announce in a circular that Bradford county, has about four acres at Redlands, 660,000 trees, all of f --'..
the State Horticultural Society will of strawberries ((78,000 plants). They i which will practically be in bearing Tillage is Irrigation.
meet at the Board of Trade rooms were planted in an abandoned in four
orange years, and allow say two Nearly two hundred years ago Je-
May 5,6, 7 and 8. The railroadswill grove which for several years was well]l boxes to the tree average, and we thro Tull, the father of the presents

sell tickets to attend these mee plowed and dressed with barnyard manure have 3,720,000 boxes, or 11,000 horse-cultivation system in English

ings at one cent a mile actual travel 1, but for the last five or six years in Riverside and Redlands. Then, farming, wrote a book in which he

and the Jacksonville hotels will give had been neglected, so that the trees say you begin shipping Dec. 1st, and 1 advocated (what he himself practiced)

greatly reduced rates, ranging from had about consumed their supplies and end the first of June, that gives six the continued and careful tillage of \

$1 to $2.50 per day. For informationas were moribund when the freeze of '95 months to market them in, and making crops until they are nearly if not |

to hotel rates apply to the chair.man gave them a broadside "mercy shot." 1,830 cars to be shipped per month quite mature. He advocated this be- jj

of the committee, Mr.J. E. Still 1 Last summer the dead trees were for six months. This is just to mar: cause he believed that the roots of |

man, or the secretary of the Horticultural i cut off, the land was plowed deep and ket the Riverside and Redlands crop.If plants fed on minute particles of earth, J

Society, Mr. A. H. Manville, well prepared and set to strawberry a full crop, and no frost, this will 1 or, as he calls it, "terrestrial matter j

Glen St. Mary. plants, mostly Noonans. They gained give you an idea of what you may exu. -. which affords nutriment to the mouths I


.. -- -,, ,---.,:. ->- ------- -- -- ._ C _. _< __ --- .- --'--- "--- --'.'- _. -




of vegetable roots." He did not VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. THE

know, as we do at this day, that all
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.

: roots derive< their sustenance from Yellow Yams bush........ .......... 30 to .35 FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA
matter held in solution in the soil Sweet Potatoes ...................... .30
moisture. Hence arose the saying at- Hubbard squash, bbl............ ...... 1.50, ,
Lettuce, doz........................,.-.. .06 to .10 : :
tributed to him, "tillage is manure." Celery ..... ............ ................ .20 to .35 JACI SONVILLE.
Egg Plants bbl......................3.00104.00
To-day we change this saying Tomatoes crates. ..._.............. .1.00101.50 The Oldest National Bank in the State.
slightly "tillage is irrigation." this Sweet Pepper bu .....................None.
By Green Beans crate............... .... 50 to 1.50 CHARTERED 1874. CHARTER
we mean that tillage conserves the Peas crate...................... .SO to .75 EXTENDED, 1894.By .
of Turnips,bunch............... ..eo... .03 to .06 conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for
supply soil moisture. It conservesit Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .10 strength and ability to meet legitimate!demands.We solidity,
by creating on the surface a blanketor Kershaws each.... ........ ......... .05 to .10 buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
Parsley,per doz. bunches ...... ...... .08 to .10 drafts on all parts of the world.
a mulching of fine, dry earth. Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to.25 We invite a visit or correspondence looking toward business relations, assuring that
Pepper,hot bushel..................None. favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention you your
In all droughts, and, in fact, after Sage well cured Ib..................... .25
rain when the precipitation has Hens......... --....--................... .30 to.35 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
every Roosters..._.-_.......-....._ .25
had time to settle, an upward move- Half grown.............................. .25 President. Cashier.
Turkeys, perpound.gross........._. .10 to .12
ment of moisture takes place from the Ducks....................... ........... .35 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
earth. Rain makes a surplus of wa- Geese. ................................ .35 to .40
New Beets per loo..............,? ..... .SO to .75
ter, and it descends; soon the balanceis Water Cress, per doz. bunches ..... .25
reached; then, if no more rain falls, I I Cauliflower doz...................... .75 to 1.50 THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare
Leeks perdoz bunches.............. .25
an upward movement sets in, the soil :Radishes per doz............... ..... .10 to .20
moisture being drawn to the sur- Cucumbers crate...... ............... 1.00 to 2.00 offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and '96, including a limited supply of
..... .
New Potatoes, per barrel .. .. 2.00103.50
face by the sun and thence into the Spinach per bushel ........... ....,. .50
Cabbage Florida .................... 02 to .06 GENUINE BOONE'S EARLY TREES AND BUDS
atmosphere, where it is lost. This Wild; Ducks .......... ..... .......... .15 to .35
upward movement is going on in thedriest Rabbits...... ..1...................... .10 Also Grace Fruit, Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet Bessie. Tangerine and
Squirrels..... ....................... 08 to .10 common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
weather, though it may be in- i Quail ................................. .I2# stocks. Write for prices to
t visible. Water climbs out of the soil Doves...00..n......................... .06 I v. W. HAWKI1 SRS SO1 T.
Salsify per dozen bunches........... .25 to .30 .
I Georgetown, Fla
by capillary attraction, the same power J

which causes liquids to rise a little 4 DAVIDSON & CO., 1

higher around the sides of a bottle New York Markets.

than they are in the middle. So long MERCHANTS.

as the particles of soil are closely Strawberries.We .

packed the water moves upward from have had a fair supply from Flor- -3: HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. iE- .
the other without dif--
one particle to
ida this week, and stock is now begin- Oranges Lemons, Pineapples, Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.
ficulty. If the particles are moved ning to come in some quantity from .
No. West Front Street, CINCINNATI,
20 OHIO.
further apart, water cannot ascend so Charleston The Florida berries have

rapidly, on the same principle that a been extremely irregular in quality and
man can climb out of a well if it is condition, and prices have shown the 300 ACRES IN NURSERY. 0 ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. 0 38TH YEAR.
usual wide Toward the close
range. ,
narrow enough for him to reach acrossit stricly sound fine berries have been in FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.Oriental

where he could not do it if the well small supply and moving out quite readilyat .

y were wider. advanced prices. The sales of Charleston Pears. Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat, Strawberry
rain Hoffman Seedlings have been in rangeof Plants. Grape Vines, etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens Camelias. 50,000 Palms
Every packs upper par- 30 to 50c quart generally but have 10,000 Camphor and Cinnamon trees Roses. The Greenhouse Department is largest and. <
ticles of soil together and forms a crust per most complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to Southern -
reached 50 to 60c at the close. Most sales horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS,
Augusta Ga. No Agents.
and the moisture below ascends readily of usual varieties from Florida shippedin

r through this crust because the particles ice boxes have been in range of 20 to

! assist it in climbing. If this crust is 30c, but of late choice goods have advanced St. Louis Market. SOWERS, BROTHER & CO.
considerably and close at the
": broken up and stirred the particles are highest figures of the week. Arrivals in Strawberries-Larger receipts and PITTSBURGH PA.

forced further apart and the ascent of refrigerator cars have lately been of very lower; Texas sold at 3.00 to 5.00 for 6gal Fruits and Produce

the moisture is hindered. This is irregular quality; Wednesday aud Thurs case; Florida, 30 to 40c per quart;
Receive and Bell in car load lots and
"broken capillarity," otherwise an day they were inferior as a rule but Fri- Louisiana at 2.25 to 2.50 per 3-gal case; quantities all Products of the Orchard.Garden mailer,

"earth mulch"; it is.the best mechan- day's receipts were fine and brought full Mississippi, 3.00 to $4.00 per 6-gal case. Dairy Hennery and Farm.

prices. A few crates frem North Carolina Pineapples-Havana sell at 2.50 to 3.50 Send for our little book."Suggestions to Shippers,"Motel
ical device known for mitigating in today sold at 50 to 60c. per doz. Tomatoes-Florida in fair demand Reports,Special Reference,Stencils etc.,all free.

drought. But this mulch must be Charleston, Hoffman choice, per quart, at 2.25 to 3.25 per 6-basket crate Inquiries and Correspondence Invited.

thin, the cultivation must be as shal 50 to 60c; Florida, in ice boxes, fancy, for choice Cabbage steady-Texas, 2.00 --

low as possible, for if it is deep it per quart, 35 to 40c; fair to good, 30 to per crate; Florida, 2.15 to 2.25 per crate.
Beet-New Southern 30 to 300 Bradley RedJUld. Eugene B. Redfleld.
mingles dry soil with moist and makes 3-1Cj; open crates, refrigerator car, good to per
bunches. Carrots-New Southern
choice, 35 to 45c. 30 to ESTABLISHED 1871.
matters worse. The cultivation 40c per doz. bunches. Horseredish-

should also be frequent, even withputrain Potatoes. Home-grown, on orders,6.00 bbl. String REDFIELD & SON,

for the dew at night and the New Florida are in light supply and Beans-Florida sold at 3.00 to 3.50 per Commission MerchantsAND
- bus box. Cucumbers-Louisiana sell at
settling of the soil particles by gravi- meeting a very good demand when
35c to 1.25 dozen. Celery-demand -
tation have a tendency to restore the choice but many run small or are poorly per
California 75 to l.'OOper doz
very ; ;
and values such
graded on are uncer- Fruit Auctioneers
crust. New Orleans, 40 to 50c. New Potatoes-
tain. Bermuda but meet- ,
choice Florida salable at 1.75 per bus
ing a very good outlet in ranges quoted. 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
box; New Orleans, 4.50 to 5.50 per bbl.
Sweet and dull.
Markets. potatoes yams very The commission houses receiving We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
Florida 5.00 to 6.50 seconds 3.00
prime, ; strawberries never before saw such a de- either at private sale (which has heretofore been
to 4.00. Bermuda, prime, 6.00 to 7.50; mand in April at big prices, choice fruit our custom) or by the auction system (recently:
second 3.50 to 4.50. added to our business)as you may desire.
was wanted badly at 35c a quart. The

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., April 24. Vegetables. very hot weather seriously affected the
condition of all offerings except the refrigerator -
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. Beets, Florida, per crate, 75c. to 1.25; stock from Florida. The calls

These are Corrected average by quotations.Marx Bros.Extra choicelots : Florida and Charleston, per 100 bunches, for that were frequent and very pressing. QUICK WORK ,

to, fetch prices above top quotations, while poorlots 4.00 to 6.00. Cabbage, Florida, 2.00 to Everybody wanted them and did not ,
sell lower. 2.75 Charleston, 2.25 to 2.50. Celery, to ask the The outside order
; stop price. In selling and for Fruits and
paying Vegetables
Strawberries ..............
perquart. .10
fancy, large, dozen stalks, 75c. to 1.00 trade in evidence too but littleof shipped to us is our motto.
Lemons Messina box................ 3.00103.50 per ; was very WE
English Peas, dried, bu.... ...... .... 1.50 fair to prime, 30c to 65c. Carrots,washed, it could be filled owing to the scarcity GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Peas ........... ....... FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
Clay bushel -85 per barrel, 1.00 to 1.25; unwashed, 75c to of suitable stock. Florida shippers have
Whippoorwill...... ...... ...... iooLady They are protected:
II .. ........_................ 1.25 1.00. Eggplant,Florida, per box, 2.50 to suffered a great deal through the failureof by our 40 years experience: without default-
Blackeye........................ 1.50 5.00. Lettuce, Florida, per half-barrel express companies to deliver the fruiton ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standingand 1
. Browneye...... ...........e.... 1.00 basket, 50c to 1.50; Charleston,per bushel time considerable of it getting in one financial stability which any bank or
Cocoanuts... .......... .............. 350i and merchants having mercantile reports can
I Peanuts best brand..... ............. 05 to .06 basket, 50c. to 65c ; North Carolina day late and such as was not in refrigerators METHOD try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
Cabbage. Florida (wanted), each..... .06 to .08 Norfolk, per bushel basket, 40c. to 60c. was almost worthless on arrival. WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
Potatoes New York bbl............. 1.25 Onions, Bermuda, per crate, 1.25. Peas, Georgia has to date prospects for an your name for our quotations. Stencil and
, sacks ..................... 1.00 Savannah basket 3.00 to 3.50 up cards free. Letters promptly answered.
New York Seed Potatoes- green per ; enormous peach crop. As there seems to

Early Rose....................... 1.35 Florida, 1.00 to 2.50. String beans, Flor- be a big crop in sight everywhere the FRENCH & CO.,
Hebron....... ..v................. 1.35 ida, wax, 2.00 to 4.50; green, 2.00 to 4.00. question arises what will Georgia do with
t Dakota Red....................... 1.35 1.35 Squash, Florida, white, per crate, 1.25 to her great crop in view of the heavy 116 Warren Stf New York.
Chili Red.......... ................ 1.35 1.50. Tomatoes, Florida, per carrier, freight charges to all the big markets of
i Ten-barrel lots, ioc.less. 1.00 to 3.00; per crate, 1.50 to 2.50.FRENCH the country? ESTABLISHED 1855.
Onions New Bermuda bushel crate
1 Egg........-........-..an 1.75.10 & Co. P.M.KIELY&CO.




s '-
-- -- --- ---

-- > ___ --- - -_n_ ___ _
< __
1' .- _. ____ _
__ __
__ _
__ __ _
,' __ .. ._ __ ___ ___
4 i i ii

i II I



WEATHER AND CROPS. Pensacola-A fine rain Tuesday did Orlando-No rain yet and crops are

incalculable good to all Englishpeas suffering in .
crops. consequence.Orange trees
For week
ending April 2oth. new potatoes and strawberries are continue to flourish.-J. M. Rice. Potatoes

The week opened and closed warm the leading products now. Fruits doing Limona-No rain. Orange trees ,

and cloudless,with light to fresh southeast well,.except where the pear blight has looking well. Corn suffering badly

winds. Continued dry weather appeared.Thos. McMillan. in some places.-E. E. Pratt. Tomatoes, Melons, Cabbage,

rules, broken only by refreshing showers Crawfordville Weather fine but
too Oxford-All crops suffering for Turnips, Lettuce, Peas, Beets,
sections of the Western District
over Gardens Field
are suffering. rain.
Days warm and nights cool.
Onions and all
on the i4th. The ill-effects of Vegetables, remove -
crops doing well enough. Corn looking Fruits are shedding.-W. A. Sparkman. -
these conditions are apparent in the fine. Cotton too dry to insure a large quantities of Potash

unsatisfactory condition of the vege- good stand.W. T. Duval. Bartow-No rain this from the soil. SupplyPotash
month. Corn
table in and bad standsof
crop 1\Iolino-A magnificent week for growing well. Tomatoes

late planted corn and cotton. The everything. A fine rain on the i4th Crop will be greatly curtailed suffering.if drouth
week has been an excellent one for
was welcome. Fruit
very continues.
crop very Transplanting tobacco
farm work, and satisfactory progresshas promising, and no sign of blight in the suspended until drouth is broken.J. ,
been made. of
Shipments strawberries
immediate section. Crops and gardenslook S. Wade.
!in liberal
and early vegetables have con- very well. People well with quantities by the use
tinued unabaten, the maximum limit their work.-Wm. H. Trimmer. Pierson-Still dry and unfavorable, :of fertilizers containing not

of the former, however, has been and everything suffering. Cotton will
Northern District: have to be replanted and tobacco less than 10% actual Pot-
reached, and the coming week will cannot -
probably close the season. Bristol-Great need of rain. Pear be set until a good rain comes. ash. Better and more profit-

blight shows a bold front. Peach crop Potatoes will be small and gardenscut able
yields are sure to follow.Our .
good. Farmers have discontinued short.-C. G. Jones.

Owing to the character of the soil planting anything for lack of rain. Oat Hampton-Extremely dry. Strawberries special pamphlets fertilizers are,but not are advertising practical circulars works, containing booming .-
in this State and latest researches on the subject of fertilization,and
generally light better
never than at
porous crop
are decreasing for want of rain. are really helpful to farmers. They are sent free for
frequent rains are necessary, and John D. McAlily. Beans all blighted, peaches are shedding the asking.
there are but a few products unaffectedat \\Taukeenah-No rain since first of f and all field crops are at a stand 93 Nassau St., New York.
this time by the deficiency in ------
month. All crops that are up are doing still.-D. G. Jones. ---
moisture. The week was one of
the dryest on record. On the 14th well. Corn planted a week ago Buda-No change in situation.
came finely and off. Fruits RA YER
up Still and
and 15th a few scattering showers fell dry crops on high lands suf- i
except pears (we have no pears), doing fering.f Orange trees are not affected
detached sections of the Western
and Southern Districts. Only a trace well so far. Owing to our clay lands so far. -Nights delightfully cool with 1\t\ ti GALVANIZED $4.00
crops will stand a drouth better thanon
heavy -Proctor. ,$6.50
is from the Central
sandy soils.-J. B. Roach. You All Want this Catalog.AllimprovementsAuto.
while the Northern comes with nothingto Southern District: ,
its credit. The deficiency for the Amelia-Rain very much needed. Avon Park-Drouth continues. matic Agitator etc. Will-
Gardens drying :Melons trees 20 ft. high. We
up. a spray
the State is nearly 100 cent. poor Another week without'rain the
per stand. Corn still just JI. ,J ; are largest manufacturers -
looking well.-C. H. I and sell the most. We
TemperatureThe Jacques. about ruin tomatoes. All crops suffering liJ:; are the originators of low
; pineapples least of all perhaps. prices in Knapsack Spray-
sunshine will average probably Lake Butler-Rain is needed te Just send for our illust
!. Budding of citrus trees is done with I Agents Wanted.era. never mind stamp.
85 per centum, and the temperature and crops are suffering for want of it. facility as the deep rooted trees do [LEXOX SPRIER CO.IS West St. Pittsfield,Mass.
slightly in excess of the normal. The -John A. King. .
not suffer 0.
severely yet.- R.
cloudless skies did not the
palliate Lloyds-All farm work progressing. Thacher.

already unfavorable conditions, the Oats suffering for rain. Weather dry Over-Profit Paying
Jupiter-Over fifty cent of
heat per
soon dissipating the unusually and hot.-G. E. Dunn.
light dews. pineapple plants in this vicinity that j
l\IcAlpin-Ram very much needed. have been worked are putting on pine-Stop i itGet

CONDITION OF CROPS. There is a general complaint about t apples. By July ist ripe pineapplest 5 '
All and vegetation in generalare stands of our Great Catalogue and Buyers
crops poor corn. Some are not t be plentiful. Such is the out-
more favorable over the Western through planting cotton yet, but most t look.-J. W. Cronk. Guide. We'll send it for >
District, due to the fact that more rain of the farmers finished this week. Oats i in stamps to pay part postage
Manatee-Drouth continues and i is or expressage. The Book's free.
.. has fallen over that section than else- are looking well.-W. B. Black. doing much damage. Oats ripening 700 Pages 12000 illustrations, 40000
where. Even in this district used
mois that's
descriptions, everything
Welborn about prematurely and short. Irish
ture is needed, the lack of which is i -Planting over. Bad potatoes in life;tells you what you ought to
being felt in bad stands of cotton. Asa stands reported from all neighborhoodson almost a failure. Cooler weather pay, whether you buy of us or not.
account of dry weather and cool eastwinds. than the normal seems to help some One profit from maker to user. Get it
rule however the drouth has
is things to endure the Gar- .
Young cotton drought.
reported as ?
caused much damage, and a fine MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.
dying, and much uneasiness expressedby j dens will soon suffer.-C. V. S. Wil
growth is indicated for corn. Vege Originators of the Mail Order
tables the farmers. Young corn looking son. '111-116 Michigan Ave., Chicago.
becoming plentiful and fruit
, well.-C. B. Olliff. Myers-A very dry week, and all I
doing well, except pears, which are-
are hoping for rain. Trees .
Central District are growing
affected by "blight. The dry weatheris
well but must have moisture
being acutely felt over the north Lake City-Rain needed badly soon. j
; Guavas are budding.-Miss M. M. : : : : : : :
central and south districts. On high- otherwise everything progressing 0. Gardner.

lands the suffering is very general. K.-W. B. Knight. .

CORRESPONDENTS' REMARKS. Mascotte-Had a fine rain on the W. C. Cannons, one of the most

, Western District: 8th and 9th. All crops growing finely. enterprising orange growers of Volusia WHEN THE sPRl iGIM'E COMES.-

Chairs-No rain this week thoughsome Large shipments of vegetables being county, who has a number of finf Behold the springless wire fence;how sprung! Alas!
made, and good prices realized. in the vicinity of Orange or the hopes of the unhappy owner,what a Fall. Now
is much groves City
Fine week for let the Winter of his discontent be made glorious
farm work. Crops in good condition. Farmers look cheerful and work earn which is his home, says that the grovesin Summer through the continuous Spring of our
D. H. famous coil. Ponder these seasonable hints.
-J. H. Patterson. Rosenberg. all parts of the county have rapidly)
Milton Alafia-No rain in over three recovered from the freeze of '95 and ,
-Cloudy nights and clear
weeks. Crops showing effects of protracted are now blossoming. The trees that
warm days. Cold rain from the northon
the All drouth, but not injured much were worst injured were; killed to We are to have seven $I 0,000

Corn 15. vegetation growing fast. yet. Much east wind. Land drying within a foot of the ground, but from houses this summer. Burgoyne, of
. being worked for first
over time fast. Corn the have New York, Buell, of Chicago Blod-
i growing fast, notwith stumps sprouts shot up and I ,
through portions of
many with county. standing.-J. H. Frier.WildwoodDrouth now are really trees. In some parts gett, of Grand Rapids, Foote, of
Experiments long staple cottonin 'of the county the trees were injuredbut Cleveland DeGrew, of New York,

northern part of county being continues and slightly. A few miles below Or Bell, of New Jersey and Jackson, of
tried by many. Fruit crop will be vegetables are suffering. Melons st'look Mrs. Boston.-Daytona Item.
better the well but need rain. ange City Starke has
by shedding of some a weekor I Oats will
trees in a protected nook that The town tax collector
300 turns
so ago. Green peas and Irish be cut short. Too dry for late corn
were harmed a little. For the his books this week. Out
96 of
potatoes now ready for table.-G. W V. and cotton to come up.-J. H. Davis. over
Curtis. crop from these she has refusedasoocheck. $4,000 less than $ibo is delinquent.

Plant City-Continued dry weather Neighbors estimate that her The en'ire east coat of Volusia i is bet

Bradfordville good warm growing begins to tell on early corn and beans. crop will be 1,000 boxes, and they ter paid up than any other section of
week. Rain needed but all cropsdoing Tomatoes doing well.-J. H. Ed-[ say she was wise in declining to ac-I the county.-Daytona Item in De- '

,'.. well John Bradford. mondson. cept the offer.-Times-Union. Land Record.

. .

*. .., .. ...
-- -- ---- - -- ----- -' --- --

.-.."- !<; P. ;'7< --- f. -
z .
ar i

18M. IjiJtk iiioidbA ii.ti tM!fi Aflb 1iitiT-GfcoWi 269 j
_. .. ... ..
f-' I
fJ Florida t I Industries. 'Carrandi will put in a plant at JOHN L. MARVIN
President.H. .
West for fish.
I Key pickling T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
I -"'-- T. McGlynn has erected a grist Cashier. Assistant Cashier. ,

t Tampa will soon have a $150,000 mill and gin at Tallahassee.The CflPITflli $100,000.

I brewery. Tarpon Springs electric light '
; High Springs is agitating the estab- plant will soon be in full operation. THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
lishment of electric ,
an plant.
There is a movement on foot to establish -
.L We are pleased to note that the a saw mill, box and crate factory JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
prospects are good for a cannery at at Braidentown. espeetfully solicits you Deposits, Collections and Genera
Green Cove Spring. :Banking :Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
{ The Live Oak barrel factory is

f, The Florence phosphate mine near ready for business. It has a contractfor -
i< Newberry has closed down as the deposit ten thousand barrels. INVITED.

I rock gave out. The Pensacola Chamber of Com- DIRECTORS

Large tracts of fuller's earth deposits merce is making an effort for the John L. Marvin A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin,
have been found, and J. M. Graham establishment of a cotton compress. H. T. Baya T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
4 of Gainesville, is said to be interested Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson,
in the development of same. The South Florida Machine Works Or H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.
f' and Foundry at Orlando, will add the
t The Knights of Labor of Pensacola manufacture of cotton gins to its
i have adopted prices as follows for plant. ,
: handlind \lumber and timber: Gen-
eral foremen, $4 per day; foremen on The Florida Tannery and Leather BRAISED HERE IN FLORIDA.'

each side of a vessel, $3.50; followers, Manufacturing Company commenced I raised fifteen to twenty thousand grains aud over to the one grain planted, and saved the
$3 and laborers, outside, $2.50 per active operations this month in Alach- CHOICEST HEADS FOR SEED. This is not miserable Sorgo,broom-corn trash,that has been
palmed off through catalogues heretofore on us suckers,but I WILL WARRANT EVERY SEEDOF
day.A Plant from now till in July and raise double the grain and fodder that you can from any other
f new saw mill has just been fin Thomas J. Childerson has inventeda crop. I will send enough seed, prepaid,of either variety to plant one acre for 81; two acres, 1
ished and put in operation at Cocoa- paint to render wood proof againstthe 81.75; four acres, $3.

nut Grove. Mr. M. Gardner, the teredo, and proposes forming a WM. L. ORANGE MANNVILLE FLA.HE'S .
superintendent, has a number of orders company to manufacture it. T. E. ,
ahead for lumber, and for the Welles and other Pensacola partiesare . *

next six months the mill will be run interested.The .

" day and night. Gulf Coast Tetegraph Com- : AND WHY 7

The upward tendency of lumber in pany will cable the river at once be-
this market remains firm, and the saleis tween Palmetto and Braidentown and ,

reported this week of several good will establish a branch telegraph and *
lots of sawn on a basis of n cents. telephone exchange in the former

The rivers are falling and but little place, giving direct connection with GOING fl The bicycle only weighs from 19 to 23 Ibs.,
new stock is being received.Pensa the Palmetto and Terra Ceia sections. U t
but he wants the best. It doesn't break down,
cola News, 1st. Messrs. A. 0. and W. W. Russellof
W. C. Rives has his woodenware Cincinnati, Ohio, will develop 112-, you know. Then, again,
factory at Newnansville in operation.He 000 acres of timber and muck lands
has some of the most modern ma. in Brevard county, expending about Tij T 0 : He Thinks of Selling Bicycles
chinery and turns out some beautifulax $350,000. Ten miles of railroad will ,
handles. The timber of that sec- be constructed, also sixty-four miles of

tion is first-class and Mr. Rives' goods canal, etc. and he wants something that is "305 days

will be second to none.-Gainesville A company has been formed for the DOm D 0 ahead of them all," so he buys a KEATING.
Sun.The construction of a telephone line from *
coraline, or lime rock, that is Palatka to Federal Point and San
so plentiful around Miami, is being Mateo, eighteen and eight miles re
utilized to good advantage for the spectively. Arrangements have been :
manufacture of lime. Cement can also perfected to connect with the Palatka I

be made from it. The product thatis telephone company, who control the
you'll follow his and buy a KEATING. A
made from this rock is exceptionally franchise.The .
fine and equals, if not excels that following is the record of Postal, Uncle Sam's aid, and you have our-

of any on the market. phosphate shipments from Punta Catalogue.
coastwise of lumber for the month of March j
The exports Gorda : ss.i. *: .0
from the port of Jacksonville for the Steamship Gladiolus, Wright, for
month of :March amounted to 6,625- Plymouth with 2,227 tons, foreign; KEATING WHEEL CO. .
000 feet of yollow pine, and 643,000 steamship Glenvech, Holman for '
feet of cypress lumber, and foreign Riga with 2,650 tons foreign; steam- HOLYOKE, MASS.
shipments, 804,954 feet. There were ship Petunia, Watson, for Harburgwith
also shipped to domestic ports 8,006- 2,290 ton, foreign; schooner "IJ "
000 shingles, and 18,000 crossties. Helen G. Moseley, Holt, for New rRA Pumps'Dfll
Among the exports reported from Orleans, La., domestic; total 837 do i
Pensacola during March last, were mestic, 7,167 foreign. I
88,211 cubic feet of hewn pitch-pine The following is a statement of the i H"e4 Exprett or Freight-Free.
4 Latest improved all-brass pumps-warranted for three years.Over ,
timber, 10,682,000 superficial feet of shipments of phosphate from Port I 75XX) In use. Endorsed bj leading Entomologist Tour money! i 1
lumber 1964 cubic for the month of March : back if pump doesn't give absolute satisfaction. Prices to fit the 1time.
sawn pitch-pine ,
Tampa .. Himtrited Catalogue,8pr y Calendar,and TreuiM*o 8pnylD-all Billed free. ,.
feet of hewn oak timber, 157 walnut Schooner Talora for Cartaret, N. J., Agents wanted. f. C.LEWIS liKFiCTllUfi CO.,fox 71 Cat Ill,I.T.
logs, 104,000 superficial feet of poplar 1614 tons pebble; schooner C. S. T
lumber, and five packages of woodenware. Glidden for Baltimore, 1627 tons pebble -, HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADEGARDEN
; schooner J. R. Teele for Phila-

A large industry has been estab- delphia, 1326 tons pebble; schooner
lished in the west end of the county. Carrie A Lane for Cartaret, 1260 tons REEDS
T. L. Steele has entered into contractto pebble: schooner John K. Souther for
furnish stock logs for V. J. Herlong's Cartaret, 323 tons rock and 1156 tons!
Garden Seed
Q-Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for mj price-list of Field and
British Mab for
mill at Cedar The logs pebble; steamship
cents bushel Alfalfa Lucerne cents per
1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats 75 per ; or
are hauled to the Suwannee river and Stettin, 2982 tons rock; schooner JR. pound;Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.
floated down the stream. Twenty.five W. Hopkins for Cartaret, 1403 tons
:; men in all are employed in cutting pebble, and schooner Mary Lee Pat- pa F WilSON SEEDSMAN
."J and delivering the logs.-Gainesville ton for Baltimore, with 831 tons, mak- ,

Sun. ing a total of 12,522 tons. GAINESVILLE FLORIDA.1t'V' ,> ,t
,," 1-,


'} .

,' _',.... :-.6-.... _. ,_ _C- __ < ''i "r'r L:';' ....-<.....""".:..> .<; __- '--.J _. < :;_ 2I--Q&; ..... ,...-;.- -- "'_"""S'C:'f- ..;i' _! '-kr.: ..... ._ ... ,'': .&.""..

.. ,

I -

t time other pails of honey were put into 'CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. LOUISIANA GRASS (P ASP ALUM PLA- ,
Apiary.Edited ) grass for lawns and permanent
the boiler of hot water, and so on the pastures. Sets $1.50 per 1,000,by express; fifty
cents per hundred,postage paid. W.H. POWERS
operation continued. I do not remem- RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, Lawtey, Fla.PUREBLOOD.

by A. F. BROWN, San Mateo, Fla. ber how much he could heat in this one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. Nothing POLAND-CHINA PIGS

To whom all communications relating to the way in a day, but I should say not far taken for less than 25 cents. superior lot grades bred from
department should be sent. short of Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- cross of Berkshire and Chester White. J. B.
1,000 pounds. But you pea paid. SILVIS, Tallahassee, Fla. 4-"-3QEGGARWEED
ple in Florida probably would not want Send no stamps larger than two cents. SEED, 6c. per pound;

Preventing Granulation. to fuss with wash-boilers. If you have Initials and figures count as one word. D forty pounds and over,sc.; by mail,150. W.
from ten to fifteen tons of honey it H. MANN, Mannville Fla. 4-11-6 .
Since I came down here I met a .
would pay you well to have a boiler GENUINE Nunan Becsie. Cherokee, Colum- .--GRAFEFRUIT and PAR-
bee-keeper with over colonies and Michel' Stevens BUD"
150 Early
75c. hundred 85
BROWN per ; per
he used this thin Florida cane made of tin, large enough to cover the and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per i.coo, $.oo. thousand. Also young orange trees. H. HARRISON -

syrup on his table. I teased sugar him about whole top of the stove. This boiler JULIUS Ala. SCHNADELBACH,Lok Box 4,Grand Bay, Dade City, Fla. 4-4-3

it. "Ohl"! said he "I have several could be about as deep as a common Your selection, !5c. Catalogue
tin pail. To economize room I would DEVON I BEST GENERAL PURPOSE ROSES. free. ED. NIXON, Chatta-
barrels of honey but I cannot I Cow for the South.
yet, I I Easiest kept nooga__ _, Tennessee.__ 3-28-4
bother to use it-it's all candied." suggest using sixty-pound square cans, CATTLE and safest to acclimate. Also Essex d

This also applies to the retailers and the tops cut off, and bails fastened to Bainbridge, Georgia.Swine. ROSELAND PLANTATION it BUD WOOD.-EIGHTY' Tardiff, Ruby St. Michael THOUSAND, King,
them. If these bails were fastened to Tangerine and Pomelo. J. W. & F. D. WAITE,
consumers of honey. They will not Fla.
Grove and Belleview
the corners the honey could be poured ANTED.--A FEW ACRES FIRST- 328tfFOIt
bother with it if it granulates, no mat- I class frost-proofland for raising
ter how pure it is. They will ratheruse right from these cans into :Muth jars, young bearing grove. Location, south of SALEIMPERIAL DWARF
because the tipped-over corner wouldbe Tampa with good shipping facilities.N. Suckers,95 per 100,840 per 1000, +
sugar cane syrup. So granulation LILIENBERG, ISO Broadway, New York City. f. o. b.t cash with order. H. H. WILKINSON,
lessens consumption. Now, if we can a "lip, allowing: only a small streamto 4-"-3 RockleIge, Fla.WANTEDPOSITION. 3-21-jm.

get something to keep it from granu- run at a time. AS WORKING
Until we can find some chemical, I Send for Annual Descriptive lady with
lating we can sell all our honey the
am of the opinion that the most satis- q, CATALOGUE, one child. The country preferred. References
year round, in the home market at a newly issued and revised.It given. Address THIS OFFICE. 3-14-tf.

good price; if not, we have to ship it factory method of preventing granulation needed contains everything
c:4( : o by the Horticul- PLANTS.--NOW IS
to one of the large markets to get rid I is in the employment of heat; and turist and plant-lover. STRAWBERRY good runners. I have too,-
even if a chemical is discovered, it may PLANTS and TREES for 000 Alabama Newmans and 5000 Clouds
of it at once. This gluts the market, Orchard, Window Lawnor cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS, Lawtey,
and, of course, lowers the price for not be any cheaper nor as cheap.- collection Greenhouse.to select Largest from Florida. 3-7-4
all. You say, "heat it to 180 degreesand Gleanings Bee Culture. in the South. TIIRST-CLASS HAY PRESS, CHEAP
it will for 4 REASONER BROTHERS. ONECO, FLA. jI for cash, or will exchange for orange nursery
keep liquid
a year or I trees. WILLIAMS & HUBBARD Crescent City,
two;" but you don't tell how to do Leesburg was one of the greatest''' Florida. 377nUDWOOD

this what the sufferers from the freeze the Com- In "The Youth's Companion" for
nor of it
expense_ doing yet 23d Andrew Carnegie tells how he FOR SALE--Drake Point
is. You probably have big vats and mercial says: "The town of Lees- April D Grove.-Now is the time to order and be
served his apprenticeship as a businessman ready for the first flow of sap. Get it from budded
steam to do it, and it comes easy and burg has $2,500 cash in the treasuryand in an article which will prove bearing trees, fifteen to eighteen years old.

cheap to you; but I can't ruin a two- owes only $800. Town warrantsare stimulating to every boy and stirring to The Harris following, Cunningham vaneties Phares on hand Sanford's: Parson Mediterranean Brown-,

dollar wash-boiler in doing a fifty-cent receivable as cash in the bank and every friend of bo vs. Jaffa, Riverside Navel, Drake Star. We
Mr. Carnegie started in life as so many also have a limited supply of large Grapefruitbuds.
wash. I don't know what I could do in all the stores. The $800 debt con- other successful men have done, withouta Prices of above varieties $5 per thousandor

in heating honey up to 180 degrees. sists of two bonds of $400 each whichare penny; and has amassed a great for- DRAKE 75 cents POINT per GROVE hundred Yalaha, delivered., Lake Address County.

Just give us a chemical, and we will not yet due. They represent the tune, which has been wisely and gener- Florida a-15-sm

use it and let you do the heating up. balance of an issue of $4,000 made to ously drawn upon for scores of public SALE.-THE HOME PLACE OF

We don't ask you to use it. pay for one of the largest and best purposes, designed to benefit his!! fellow- FOR H. Turnley, at Lake Weir, Fla. Five-room
article he has.told the stables, etc., all in Addressor
men. In this !Story cottage good repair.
Punta Gorda, Fla., March 13. brick school houses in Florida. of his early struggles and successes in a'', call on JOHN L. CARNEY, Lake Weir, Fla.
Yes I grant it would be a 2-22-10
great delightful manner, which will make his

thing if we could prevent honey from The St. Cloud peach farm presentsthe paper an inspiration to every boy who FOR SALE and for timber cash,hinds.time or tiade E. RUMLBT,orange, Keuka groves,,

granulating, by a process cheaper than best prospects for a fine crop of reads it."The Pla. 3-il-i6t

resorting to heat; but so far, I believe, peaches that it has for years. Last Companion"article for Arbor April 30th by Hon.J. will. DESCRIPTION AND PRICE OF
contain on day
there is nothing in the way of a chem :March the trees were cut back to the an Morton of SEND for sale or exchange to L. W. KER-.
Sterling Secretary Agri-
VAN, 30 West Twenty-ninth street, New York
ical, or something to put in honey, stumps and now they are from twelveto culture, who first conceived the idea of Florida Real Estate and Exchange Office. 2-22-8

known to bee-keepers or chemists, fourteen feet high, well branchedand setting apart one day in the spring as a 101t SALE 100,000 CHOICE TOMATO
that will accomplish it. It was formerly loaded with the finest kind of time of general tree-planting. Each issueof Ii 1 Plants,Livingston's Beauty mostly at $1.00
contains perthousand, f. o. b. Plants six to twelve inches
"The Companion" one or
supposed that glucose would do fruit. There is every indication that high. Cash with order. THE ELOISE FRUIT
articles of exceptional value written
it but I know from I have fine of will more AND VEGETABLE Co., Winter Haven Fla. tf
; some tests a crop peaches gathered by the ablest and best known men ---- --
made that it will not. As I have be- this year. The peaches will be readyto and women of the ) f ).-SEND IN YOUR ORDERS
now >r spring delivery. Jaffa, Centennial,
fore reported in these columns, I have ship in a week or two.-Valley. Hart's Tardiff, Meditteranean Sweet, Maltese
used in "PLANTF1O1I Blood, Homosassa Majorca, Nonpareil, and Navel -
corn quantities varying
syrup are $5.00 per 1,000, or ?5C per 100; Dancy
all the way from 10 to 75 per cent. It is estimated that the returns to Tangerine, Satsuma, Amory's Blood, Pierce's
Ruby, DuRoi Blood Royal and Improved Pome-
The samples of honey containing these the vegetable growers from their ship- los, and Eureka, Sicily Genoa and Lamb's

various amounts all granulated withina ments already made this spring has I Lemons guaranteed are $7.50 free per from 1,000.White delivered.Fly and Budwood true to

year. But even if glucose would brought between $25,000 and $30,000into name. W. K. TREMBLE Braidentown, Manatee
well begun is half done. Begin County, Florida. 2-15-4
answer the purpose, it could never be the county. This sum of money well by getting Ferrj'a efds. j
used honest Don't let chance determineyour EXTRA CLEANED BEGGAR-WEED
by beekeepers.I distributed residents who
among remain .
crop but plant Kerry's -Sow from six to ten pounds per acre.
grant your point that, if we could here the year round will aid in Seeds. Known and sold Forty cents per pound, postpaid; ten pounds or
everywhere. over f. o. b., twenty-five cents per pound. Write
find some chemical which, used in driving hard times away occasionedby Before you plant, get for prices on large quantities to EXCELSIOR SEED

very small quantities, would prevent the freeze of last year. Some of Ferry's Seed Annualfor FARM, Edgar, Putnam County, Fla. 2-8-tf

granulation, and which, in the first our truckers have realized as high as 189
place, would be more expensive than $1,000 returns for their work this and gardeners information than many for farmers high- tobacco growing W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,

the honey, its use for this purpose spring.-Florida Star. priced text books. :Mailed free.D. Fla. -- ----------- 8-24-tf !
would not be adulteration. If there is i4..4. .B. FERRY A 10., DETROIT,aitII. CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND EJD WOOD
Parson Brown. Stark'a Seedless,
any chemist or any bee-keeper who Constantly new pastures are inclosedon Jaffa, Tangerine King, Tardiff Grape Fruit,
knows of some chemical let him be free the Miakka. Two and a half tons such Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
as Nonpareil, Majorca, St Michael,
to stand up and tell us. In the mean- of barbed wire went out last month to Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L.

time let me suggest to you that raising inclose 960 acres for Mr. J. S. Han- X L THEM ALL. series Duncan, Dunedin, Manager Fla.Milwaukee Groves and 8-i7-tf Nur

honey to a temperature of 180 degrees cock. Mr. G. Murphy, who has him- QUALITY TELLS ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut In

may not be so very expensive One self 4,000 acres of pasture shut in by We pay freight. Write for our lates
THE BEST price-list. E. W Amsden,Ormond
Fla. tft
beekeeper Whom I know kept his over twelve miles of three-strand barb

honey two years in a clear liquid state. wire fence, says that over 20,000 acres STEEL MILL i ihere. IRRIGATED GROVE.SO in 100 other acres fruit, 10 trees years set
When extracted it was first poured into are already inclosed there-Manatee Sends for ogee and longs prices.torr For sale at a sacrifice. Address"1'," The Palms

pails, these pails being afterward put River Journal.The !. PHELPS & BIGELOWWIND MILL CO., 11: Lane Park. Lake County PU 4 29m

into a wash-boiler containing water Ealammzo,ttleklcaH.' \ 'A 1'0-Bowker MAKE HENS Animal LAY-ThereisnothfDglike t
Meal. 40 tons sold in Florida
nearly boiling. A thermometer was peach crop of Tarpon Springsis last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For

used, and when the honey in the pails measured by the thousand peachesas particulars io-i3-tf,write E.. W.Amsden, Ormond, Fl*.

reached 180, by a thermometer immersed one grower announced that he will ,!
Brahma, Barred Rock and "j
in one of the pails, it was taken get 108,000 from his trees this sum- LIGHT% Turkey Eggs for Plymouth hatching,$1.00 per"

out and bottled while hot.. In the mean mer. setting. Mrs. C. Gomperts,Lady Lake, Fla. t',





A, ', -1, -- .- .-- .-- --. .- '. .. .._ .. ,_ ___ '- 'u _,




_. .
--- -----



I y


,./' '

",: '" : Ty I:'

< G. M. SORREL, Manager.
:** in r ? '1
i: *, J66T The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as

; follows :


35, North Klver-3 P. M.

.r City of Augusta.... ........ .. .................. .....>. ................... ...Thursday, April \ O .
City of Birmingham. ..................... ................................. ....Saturday,April 4.
Nacoochee.?.......... ........u.........._........ .......................Tuesday, April ?. d f3
t Kansas City..................................................... ................Thursday, April ItS 8tOn
City of Augusta .... .................................... .... .. .......... .....Saturday, April II. 1 o.
i City of Birmingham....... ....... .... .................. ...... ............. ..Tuesday, April 14.
; Nacoochee ..... ............ ...._ .......... ...................................Thursday,April 16. 1t
i Kansas City...................................................... ....... ......Saturday, April 18. l
City of Augusta ...... .............................. ...........................Tuesday, April 21.
1 City of Birmingham................ '.................... ... ..............Thursday,April 23.
;' Nacoochee .......... ......... ............................. ... ..................Saturday,April 25.
Kansas City.....................................................................Tuesday, April 28.
3 City of Augusta................................. .. ...... ............... '". .Thursday, April 30.
} R. I,. WALKER,Agent New Pier No.35 North River. SAFETY I COMFORT! V VJIVJJ. TIME! RATES!

; Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. Finest Cuisine and Service. JVb Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.

Gate(City TEAMER(passenger: and freight)................ ......................Saturday March 28, S\ a. m. The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Gate City (passenger and freight) .. .. .............. ........ ..........Saturday, April, 6 p. m.
Chattahoochee ((passenger and freight.Saturday) April II, 6 p. m. "Comanche" (new) "Algoniuin Iroquois "Cherokee "Seminolo1
City of Macon (freight: only) ......... ............................. ....Tuesday April 14, 3 p. m. ,
Gate City (passenger and freight)......................... ............ ...Saturday, April 18, 6 p.m.
City of Macon (freight only) ............ ............. ............. ....Saturday, April 25,3 p.m. -
M. C. HAMMOND. Agent 13 South Third Street. NORTH BOUND.Steamers .

i BOSTON TO SAVANNAH.Lewis's are appointed to sail according to the tide., .

; Wharf--3 P. M. From JACKSONVILLE FLA., (calling at Charleston), ........?......Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays

Chattahoochee stooping at Philadelphia)...... ...... ............... ........ .Thursday April 19. Brom CHARLESTON, S. C.,.................. ..... ............ ......Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.
I Gate City (stoppingat Philadelphia)........ .......:...:::......................Thursday April 16. For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
I Chattahoochee (dire t to Savannah)......... ...................................Thursday, April 23.
I RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents Uwis's Wharf. SOUTH BOUND.Steamers .

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

Central ((900 Meridian) Time-as below. CHARLESTON, S. C., ........................................ ...Mondays Wednesdays and Fridays
For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston)........... ......Mondays. Wednesdays and Fr daysCllYOE'S
Nacoochee....:.......Friday April, 9.30 a. City of Augusta.. ...Friday, April 17. 8 a. m.
Kansas City....... ....Sunday, April, II a.. m.t Cily of Birmingham..Sunday,April 19,9:30: a. m.
City of Augusta.......Tuesday, April 2 p Nacoochee..Tuesday, April 21, 12 noon.
City of Tallahassee....Friday April 10,4 a. m. Kansas City. .......... .. Friday,April 24, 3 p. m.
\. Naccochee........... ...Sunday, April 2,5 a. m. I City of Augusta ....Sunday,April 26, 4 a. m. ST. JOHfiS 1IVEt llIf4E
.. Kansas City......... .Tuesday, April 14. 6 p. m. City of Birmingham. Sunday April 28,4 a. m.

Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. Jacksonville, Palatial, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate

Chattahoochee.......Saturday; April 130 a.m. Gate City.............Thursday,April 23,2 p. m. Landings on the St. Johns River.The .
Gate City..............Thursday, April 9, 3 p.m. I Chattahoochee.... ...Thursday,April 30. 7 p. m. Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer
Chattahoochee......Thursday,April 16,7 p. m.SAVANNAH.
; "Cltv of Jacksonville "
TO ,
t Central ((900 Meridian) Time-as below. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3.30 p. m., and

............. from Sanford on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 12.50 p. m.
l City of Macon ....Monday, March 3o, 6:30 p. m'l I City of Macon. .Friday April 24,3. m.
1 City of Macon.....-.Tuesday, April 14 6 a
I Jacksonville, Florida. Read Down. Read Up.

i t C. ANDERSON, AGENT. J. P. B1 CKWITH. F. & P. AGENT, Leave 330 p. m. ...... .................. .Jacksonville ............ ...' ...... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
Savannah Gt. Pier 35, North River, New York. u 8.45 p m. ...................... .... Palatka.................... .......I.eave 9.oop.m.
i \ 3.OQ a. m. ......................... ... .Astor.... ........................ AI 4-00 P. m
It 4.30 am. .................... ........ S l Francis......................... 2.30 p. m.
...... .... ........ ............ ........... ... Beresford ............_...... ..... U J.30p.m.
,( W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS. Arrive 8.30 a. m. ............... ...... .... Sanford.........._.. .......__ ...... I. 9.00 a. ID.II .
i 9.25 a. m. ...................... Enterprise................... ...... 9.301.m.
...... ..... .... .I........ ..............So. Fla. R. R. Wharf.... ..... ........ 11.00 a. m.
General Passenger and Ticket ce, 204 West Bay St., Jaoksonville.A.

J. COLE, Paw uger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
{ Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers M. H. CLYDE Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street,]Jacksonville Fla.
i OOWe BST BAY !91'i'.s jACK /01 1 TIILI+a s F] foot Fla.
c J. A. LESLIE Superintendent Hogan Street Jacksonville.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents
Handle Only the Best.and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of ,
11 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

; Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANG

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An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida :Fruit to the
Yprt-Illen] Pertiliier Co. best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL J, .
NITRATE SODA, BOX MATEBIAL-The Exchange IB fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list and terms.
Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAP, VIce-Presldent.
DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks,AlachuaCo.; E.G. Hill Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt
k Tree and HillsboroCo.: John Fabyan Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
1 Orange Vegetable KAINIT EtGrFERTTT9TR. J. D. Mead Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.: F. Sampson, Marion Co.) C. V.Illllyer,
Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton Putnam Co.; M. Moreman St.
I Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck Polk Co.
These FerUUzen have no superior in the market,and A trial will convince. Addressall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
Bend for Catalogue free. with full packing and snipping instructions furnished on application.
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V ,'-. J.. Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH- z r

'- GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the r
;, f requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in j 0
strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot. :- i '
B T"The cheapest brand for the quality in the ,.
-( market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural -

Chemicals, Sulphur,etc. r P ar_rr


rm-The old reliable EUREKA has been i '
never S
,, I superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider,and the t J j
fungus growth. '
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Pure ". / .
Animal I THE COCCIDICIDE** ,.' t

flatter er fl IcertaindestrndiontotheAleyrodescitriwhiteFlyandother families of Scale,at all periods of their development.( Fatal) to the '' r J.
Spider,and other inse&s melting Pineapples and Vegetables. i -
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Rubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at y.' ', 4., !l 1
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prices. \ COCK I
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THE BEST MADEJacksonville

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Be Not Deceived-Cheap Fertilizers.We A correspondent of the TimesUnionMr. 2,000 and you have the number of poundsby see how much more quickly the seeds _
: .Agnew, wishes to know what objectMr. the price per pound of each and you will come up with the soil packed than i!;I
think very few readers of the. Hastings has in writing down soft have the commercial value of your fer- those in loose soil. i 11
Ruralist will be persuaded into buying phosphate. Mr. Hastings has but ,one tilizer. And remember the more humus <
soft phosphate, or ground phosphaterock object-the benefit of farmers and fruit (stable manure, muck, or turned under A Tariff or Bounty, Which ? .
or'natural fertilizer" made from growers. They have a hard enough cow peas, beggar weed or other vegetable
street garbage collections. The experi- time of it with the floods and drouths, matter) the greater benefit you will experience A bounty of one or two cents a poundon
ment stations have thoroughly analyzed insect pests and vermin, high transpor- from chemical fertilizers sugar for five years would stimulate 1
them and found them not quite as valu- tation rates and commission men, scrub Ruralist. cane growing in the south and sugar beet "1 a
able in invaluable plant food as fairly cows and razor-back hogs, not to pay --....-- growing in the north to a degree that the '
" good soil from the field, and not worth' from $7 to $17 dollars per ton for fertilizers Firming the Ground. Why? $100,000,000 we pay for foreign sugars' .
an average of $1 per ton. The Ruralist's : that contain by analysis but one dol would be paid to home producers, and at i
V mission is to guard the farmer and fruit : lar's worth of available plant food. We area Probably many a boy has asked why, less cost to our people. By, a two-cent
grower from paying out money for that i citizen of the South, and desire the when he covers corn or other seed in the bounty we paid ten to twelve millions to
which can bring him no return, or 'but I prosperity of every honest industry, be hill, he is instructed to "spat" it with his the sugar maker. By the present tariffwe
$1 for $7, $10 or $15 or more that he pays it agricultural, mineral or any other, and hoe or step on the hills over the seed; or pay some forty millions, of which r'
out. Commissioner Nesbit of the Georgia were very slow to give up the utility of why in planting onions, beets, etc., the the sugar trust has derived the -
state department of agriculture has re soft phosphate; but when its use on our instructions are to firm the ground. If principal, profit, and the people have
cently issued an edict against the sale of own and other 'lands brought no results, they_will try the experiment of plantingsome paid the bill on the extra two cents a
soft phosphate in that state under the and it was demonstrated beyond a possibility beans in soil in one box and pack- pound for sugar. Let the cane plantations 3'i'.
name of <4 natural' plant food," in which of doubt, by analysis in numerous ing the ground firmly around them, and and beet sugar farms he once established ,
he says: "If farmers desire to try softphosphate experiment stations that it containedless planting at the same time beans in an- and bounty can be droppedand
on their lands, the depart- than one per cent. of available plant other box with soil equally moist, and three-cent sugar will rule the day
ment of agriculture wishes them to do food, it was the Ruralist's business,and leaving the earth unpacked around them, and afford a profit too.
so',with their eyes wide open, and on what it is here for, to let its readers on examining the beans on the following ;
, this account;,has forbidden the sale of know it. Available phosphoric acid, day they will perceive that the beans Cuba is a big maw for swallowing j-
this material under a name which indi'I' worth four to five cents a pound, potash that had the moist earth packed solidly Spanish soldiers. The armies of Gomez
cates that it is of the same 'I worth four to five and one-half cents around them have absorbed much more and Maceo play hide and seek with Gen-
,acid phosphate, which it most certainly i and nitrogen (or ammonia), twelve to moisture as indicated by the greater eral Weyler's force, and in the courSeof
is not. It.more closely approaches in I seventeen cents, according to its source swelling of the beans, than those plantedin a couple of months yellow fever will
character a finely ground phosphate i iku is what soils are deficient in. Multiply the the loose earth, causing quicker ger- co-operate with the insurgents in exterminating

."'" '* .... .. percentage of these in what you bay> by mination. Let the boys experiment and to' the Spanish army. a
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