Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00075
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 18, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00075
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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w Powers,Editor. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, APRIL 18, 1896. Whole No. 1410 v NEW. SERIES, No. 1G .,

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!" 80CIATION. *




; L on TRIFOLIATA Before buying your Nursery Stock,investigate and know what you ale getting. Know that
". you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer. .

A Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. THE POMONA NURSERIES 1.

Over 300 Varieties of .;. .
are the most Extensive in the State and ofler all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums, Pears j
Fruits and Ornamentals. Japan Persimmons, Grapes,Figs,Mulberries,Apricots,Almonds, Satsuma and other Oranges and* :
Lemons on both .

F Peaches, Pears, Plums, Persimmons, Nuts, Grapes, Roses, etc. 4

NO AGENTS. Catalogue for 1896. An Up-to-date Horticultural Hand-Book free on application. Over 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs,etc
Correspondence solicited.GLEN .
It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds. .
i' t MARY FLA. Write for Catalogue.and, any info mation wanted, .
y, : k. W. D. GRIPPING, PROP., .
Macclenny Fla.



Order your supply now and make sure of it. PRICES; One pound by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds, We manufacture them 8- and 10-frame, of selected kiln-dried Yellow Pine, and.
$t.3o. By express or freight not prepaid, 25 cents per pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds; sell at low .
in and cents a figure.
200 pound lots above 20 per pound.
Seed free from stems leaves and trash. By mail,post-
Kill U 11 G H nr-G I G A W W E E n paid,25 cents per pound; 4 pounds,95 cents. By express -I se!:.Get our prices before sending North and paying heavy freight bills. .
or freight,not prepaid,in any quantity, 15 cents .
MMH BBB per pound .

I ':e H. G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN, E. E. CONVERSE, Manager. Ocala, Florida. -

"',f: '1. INTERLACHEN. FLA. ...
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- TREES WHOLESALE.. Grocers and Commission i
;' |: I will sell Fruit Trees this season to the planter at wholesale prices. Address, Merchantsi

t V J. A. DANIEL, !
tRiverside, Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla. DEALERS IN

.. Acknowledged superior to all other materials used Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, : ,
RAFFIA for similar purposes. Sold by the pound. If'you a
' neTer saw it,get a sample and quotations. Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. ; y.:

i... '. FOR. TYING_ _,.. .BUDS,. ._ AND. _GRAFTS,_____.n. _.._. .TNOI.'._._-c._.MEEHAN.....___ ._ ... ._.__&.SONSGermantownPa._-.-.___- ... ___.._.-=,-_.' _.: JaolcsorrviUe, 1orida. .


: AND l MANONGAHELA.....................f* 00 CABINET BOURBON.... ........... ..16 oo
GARDEN FIELD SEEDS ORANGE VALLEY................. ...... a co J.ltlARTIN RyE.................,.....?......, 3 oo Y_
SPRINGVALLEY., ........ ................. 250 VIRGINIA GLADES....................?_ 4 00
BALTIMORE CORN....................... 2 oo OLD BOURBON.................... ....500
NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............. 250 KENTUCKY SOUR }tUSH.,5 00
tt. Affil Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed CLIFTON CLUB............. ............. 300 OLD BAKER........ ......................500
.. 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats75; cents per bushel Alfalfa or Lucerne,25 cents per MONTROSE VELVET RYE..........._.. 5 oo
pound;Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound. ,
JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, see; three gallon, 750. Remit by postoffict ..
money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O.D. Remit with order. .
: .P. F WilSON SEEDSMAN A complete price-list of Groceries,and Wine List,sent free on application. ,"
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Orange Tree, Fruit and Vine, Vegetable, Pineapple, Tobacco, &c.

We wish to emphasize the fact that we make high-grade goods only. The We have steadily refrained from making any such goods, although the percentage

State is being flooded just now with new brands of low-grade fertilizers, manufactured of profit would be very much larger than it is on our high-grade fer-

for the emergency, hard times, arising from the freeze of last winter. tilizers.

These Cheap Goods, of the Poorest Materials and Bad Forms, Must be Injurious to the Planter.

..':, They cannot permanently improve his! lands. The results produced,!illJ| cultivate a less acreage and use only the best manures. You can make a good

not be so good, either in quantity or quality, in flavor or in keeping qualities crop,with strong plants, with much less labor than you can coax along a poor

That covers all the points where the profits come in. It will pay better to I and sickly lot, and the money results will be far better.

The Mapes Company Use Only the Best Materials and in Forms which are the Results of the

Experience of Nearly Half a Century and of Continuous and Costly Experiments.The .

materials are subjected to a special process, of their own discovery, Send for a copy of testimonials from thirty or forty of the best-known

c: which causes a chemical change, and are mixed for months before barreling. growers in the State as to the results of the use of our Vegetable Manure for

They go through the assimilation in heaps that must otherwise take place the year 1895. Mr. L. Dozier, our agent at Ocala, writes June 10, 1895, as

in the ground when they are freshly mixed. When shipped they are ready.for follows:

the immediate consumption of the plant, and that is why they produce crops "I have been your Agent for five years, and the only complaint I have

from ten to fifteen days earlier than home-made or any fresh mixtures will do. ever heard from those who used your goods in my district was that they are

They make vigorous plants that will stand drouths far better than those sold strictly for cash, while all the others can be bought on long time. In my

grown with poor matenals in poor forms. Common sense must teach us that, judgment, if they were all put on the same basis Mapes' would sweep the

and we have had a great many testimonials on that point. State."


Mapes Company made no bad debts by the freeze and have no goods. On the other hand, they have have been able to make a large reduction

losses to make up by increasing their profits or reducing the standard of theirTHEY I in the price of them this year, and at the same time keep up their standard.

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Which has had most wonderful success in Pennsylvania and Connecticut in producing Choice Wrappers that have brought exceptionally High Prices. "_

fJ61'Vrite (for a Tobacco Pamphlet. :1:

Ammonia. PTiwpJirte Acid Potash. .
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Mapes' Tobacco Manure, Florida Brand . . . . 5 to 6. 4 to 5. 6 to 7.

The Mapes.Orange Tree, in 2 )o-lb. bbls., f. o.b. Jacksonville, per ton, $37.00 Here is the record of the official l analysis of their manures for the year
the Florida Station
Fruit and Vine, 39.00 1895 at Experiment :
m Ammonia. Avail. Phos.Acid Total Phos.Acid. Potash.
Vegetable, 40.00 Orange Tree . . 4.67 7.46 11.22 3.81 ..
11 "
Pineapple 1 38.00 Fruit and Vine . 3.04 7.06 0.55 11.47

"Tobacco, V ." ,. 38.00 Vegetable . . 5.91 7.84 10.22 6.68 'iIi

;ALSO DEAL IN- JBST For any further information, write

rIt! SULPHATE POTASH, Foot: of Ocean Street, **
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'" CHEAP" FERTILIZERS. [From New Enland Homestead,Dec.28,1895'] of all three ingredients. It is the concerns that methods for determining approximately the rela ,
i IMPORTANT TO USERS OF FER- have capital invested in plants that are most tive availability of nitrogen,and on subsequent '
TILIZERS. likely to remain in the business,and are the ones pages is given a report of the work done during
. Prof.B.B. Voorhees, Director of the New Jer- that in the long run are likely to look well to the past year on this point.
sey State Experiment Station,in the"Rural New Shyster concerns that manufacture all sorts of their reputation, for they have more at stake. "While various inferior or agriculturally worth.
; Another point that strengthens this caution is less forms of nitrogen are in the market. the
Yorker, in of
: June i, 1895, an a so-
exposure and their the market in
VV materials goods on
put that in most States the analyses of fertilizers are main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizer
called "cheap" fertilizer sold in Philadelphia, aU sorts of conditions,in order to get some of the not made until after the spring trade is over.U'1'ALUATION" is in dealing with firms which have an estab-
says: "In the purchase of fertilizers,many farm trade of old-established and reliable firms,are as lished reputation,and in avoiding'cheap' goods
characteristic the fertilizer trade as of other .
ers are till guided by price per ton rather than trades. Anyone who puts out a fertilizer can by irresponsible partiCi.Page 39.
t by the amount and quality of the plant-food furnished get it officially analyzed at the Experiment Stations Fall to Determine the Quality of Preparations of Leather.A1hasbwlprondabundautJybyapufment. *
y and it appears in their reports, but the nood.---EltabUahed Reputation the 4 ,
price per pound farmer does not know whether the concern is re- Main Security to the Purchaser. leather,whether in its untreated state or steamed
' for the constituents. A low price per ton does liable or not. The Connecticut Station,in its an- [Extract from Annual Report of the Connecticut or toasted, and pulverized, has no value as a
not always mean a cheap product; it frequently nual report for '95, just out. emphasizes the fact Agricultural ent Station (Prof. S. W. fertilizer. The State fertilizer law wisely forbids
p means an expensive one,for the legitimate ex that in buying mixed fertilizers farmers must Johnson,Director),for Year 1895. Issued December its use in any form as an ingredient of commer
rely to a great extent on reliable dealers,and says: ,1805 ] cial fertilizers without explicit printed certificateof
penses of preparation,shipment and sale are proportionately "The main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers These valuations,it must be remembered are the fact,such certificate to DC conspicuously]
much greater for low-grade than for is in dealing with firms which have an based on the assumption that the nitrogen,phosphoric -: Mixed to every package,' etc. _/
high-grade Roods. Farmers should remember, established reputation,and in avoiding ''cheap' acid and potash hi each fertilizer are The materials on which the following analyses
first that nitrogen,phosphoric acid and potashare goods offered by irresponsible parties." The readily available to farm crops. Chemical exam- were made were used in vegetation expert- }
! the only constituents of direct fertilizing value, caution is certainly needed,when more than one- ination can show pretty conclusively whether meats to be described ijn following pages.
, and mixtures containing all of these in good third of the nitrogenous superphosphates sold in this is true in respect potash. There is less "S$5. Ground leather,imported from England
forms cannot be secured for a low price per ton, I Connecticut do not furnish in all respectts,all certainty regarding phosphoric add,while chemical for use as a cheap 'ammoniate' in mixed fertilizers.
,,. unless they contained in very small amounts; the manufacturers claim for them. Out of seventy-, examination, as it Is usually made, gives The method manufactture is unknown.It .
and second that the expenses of handling are six brands twenty-one are below the manufact little or no clue cu to the availability of the is a brownish black powder, in appearance
quite as great for make weight as foi materials I urers'minimum guarantee in respect of one ingredient organic nitrogen of mixed goods. This Station resembling dried blood. When pulverized it
.\ of actual fertilizing value.' ,five in respect of two,and one in respect. I has peen for some years engaged in a study of emits an odor of benzine."Page*>. -
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FLORIDA'S HARVEST TIME. SAVING THE CROP FROM FROST. dustry and the growers are finding, year, and received such low prices,

Some of the more enterprising some serious obstacles to overcome. that they resolved to plant less, and

Vegetables and and Berries, Acreage growers down south plant two rows At Terra Ceia the growers have have done so.
Shipments. i
close together, only far enough apartto learned to spray their plants syste- LETTUCE. .

Ordinarily the height of the vegeta- admit a hoe between them, and matically with Bordeaux mixture for The
development of this in
ble and strawberry shipping season then a leave a path two or three feet the prevention of cutworms, rust and Alachua crop
would be a little later than this ; but, wide. This path is strewn with pine diseases. This is not done elsewhereto county within two or three '
years has been remarkable. About
owing to the drought the daily ship straw. With a pitchfork having tines any considerable extent. At Winter three \
Mr.\ T. of
ments out of the State will probablynot spread four or five feet apart the grower Haven, Major Briggs, with 140 Gainesville years ago Denby,
be increased. At the present carefully lifts a long section of the acres is stretching wires to keep the an experimentalacre
at of about .
time it is tolerably safe to estimate straw and deposits it straight along plants from sprawling on the ground; an expense $1,000.His
success was so satisfactory that he
that a hundred carloads of these are the two rows, covering them safe from this assists a good deal in preventing
at once set about his
leaving the State daily by the four anything but a severe freeze. Next the ravages of cutworms. Trimmingand and has now about five acres under area, f

leading railroads, probably more. morning it is removed the same way. pruning and staking are also be- cover. Mr. J. Crown has about the
For instance, Friday April 10, a sin- SHIPPING FACILITIES. ginning to be practiced. With toma-
same amount and both of these
gle road sent out a solid train of twen- toes as with all other varieties of truckin
South of Alachua and Bradford two leading growers have several .
ty-five cars and another in which were peninsular Florida, there seems to
counties the great bulk of the crop is times as much more which is
ten or fifteen besides odd which an undeniable necessity for irriga-
shipped when the weather is cool tion not covered. There is a number of
were sandwiched into and to bridge over the usual spring
passenger enough in the North to permit the use drouth. small areas of covered lettuce there-
freight trains. At estimate of
an $500
of by without ice. about and scores, perhaps hundreds
open-crates express ,
carload this The tomato will whole
a is crop as a ,
output probably
Many of the South Florida points of open fields, yet the price of lettuce .
be half
not this
bringing into the State $50,000 a day. over a crop season.
thanks to the ramification of the or- holds up wonderfully, selling up to

j STRAWBERRIES. ange carrying railroads, have competing CELERY. $3 a basket yet. A profit of $1,000per

Following is a tolerably careful and lines at their command; the agents A most auspicious beginning has acre is not at all uncommon.

j1 accurate estimate of the strawberry sometimes go out and actively canvass been made with celery by the noted There will be a "lettuce craze" next

U acreage of the western half of the for shipments. As a result the growers truckers, Neyland & Sons, at Ybor year, as has frequently happened with

peninsula : Arcadia, 5 acres ; Bartow, get a more rapid and continuous City, near Tampa. They have nine other crops before, and the business

1,1 15 ; Lakeland, 60; Tampa ; Seffner, service than do those in the northern acres from which they expect to ship I will probably be overdone.

:(1 50; Dover, 15; Plant City, 20; Sydney, counties. Berries shipped by open 3,000 barrels. Since the refrigeratorcars COVERING THE CROP.

50 ; Turkey Creek, 20; Galway, 30; express not infrequently bring as good have started they have tried a new Mr. Denby has his beds about I2X

Kathleen, 15, San Antonio, St.Joseph prices as do those shipped by refrig experiment, shipping it in bulk. The 100 to 150 feet surrounded with .
; aboard
and St. Thomas, together, 75 ; Pana- erators from points 150 to 200 miles cars are divided into three decks to secure wall about three feet high and

t soflfkee, 10; Hawthorne, 20 ; Gainesville further north. ventilation, and the roots are gable ends. Along the middle of the

4t 500 (?); Waldo, 10; Hampton, In the two northern' counties the packed in tight in an upright positionand bed is placed a row of stakes bearing .

75; Starke, 90 ; Lake Butler, 10; larger part of the shipping is done i in carry well. An experimental half- a rail atop, and from this rail a roll of

Brooklyn, 12; Lawtey, 135; Highland refrigerator boxes and cars. The latter acre was planted at Terra Ceia and common canvas is rolled down on
10. Total, 1202 acres. On the St. have heretofore been two acres at Oakland, and both are re !I
not popular either side like the two sides of a house-
Johns river we have of knowing ported doing well so that the
no means with the growers because there was growersare roof. Between the beds is a narrow
the present acreage; it is probablynot encouraged to try again. In fact,,
practically only one through line to alley, and every fifteen feet along this
more than a tenth of the above. New York and the cars were not sent the prices have been so high that there there is a revolving lawn sprinkler
Some of the points above mentionedmay i is a "celery craze," and it is feared the
along promptly. But this year the F. which waters the beds with a spray as '
complain that their acreage is too C. and P., the Southern and the Pennsylvania business next year will be overdone. fine as mist. Sometimes these sprink-
i low. The fact is The Neylands for instance will
local estimates
are Railroads plant
are carrying these lers are kept running when the can
generally overdrawn; owing to variouscauses refrigerator cars through in three daysor twenty acres. The rich hammocksabout vas is down, and if one lifts up a

I the shipping acreage does not less, the berries arrive in good Tampa are well adapted for corner and thrusts one's head under thee
come up to the planted acreage. order and the this purpose. There will probably b
growers are well satis inside will be found warm and steam-
t GENERAL FEATURES OF CULTURE. fied. The only trouble has been this a hundred acres or more planted next ing. Such a damp, warm atmosphereforces

After one !leaves Bradford county I season that the cars have not been season. a rapid growth and nrndnr.es
The Neylands plant two close
going south the system of non-mulch supplied as rapidly as wanted-an indirect rows lettuce deliciously white, crisp and ten-

, ing usually prevails, though Seffner, result of their unpopularitywith fill together in the; set up stakes between and with boards earth, and der which brings almost the prices of

Dover, Plant City, Sydney and Tur the growers in past seasons. space the Northern hothouse article.
key Creek growers generally follow This more expeditious dispatch of one the two rows. Lettuce is shipped in long, round

the same practice as is observed in fruit and vegetable trains is the happy They Bordeaux spray plants several times with baskets made of slats in the shape ofa

I' Bradford county. It is very common outcome of the establishment of a mixture to destroy the rust truncated cone with the large end
mite and
however, to hear an expression of a parallel competing line between Flor- which, is said thereby produce an article somewhat flaring. Each one holdsa
to be of the finest qual-
ida and New
purpose to employ mulching next York. half barrel. .
- ity, absolutely free from rust, tender
: year on account of the heavy discount TOMATO ACREAGE. and delicious. Henderson's Selfbleaching MELONS AND CUCUMBERS.

to which sanded berries are subjectedin Beginning in Lee county we find is the variety preferred. The old cucumber belt stretches

the markets. Vermin lurking under Sanibel Island with about 100 acres; CABBAGES.In along the high hammocks from Orange

mulching does some damage, but this is a very fine location for this Lake to Gainesville, while Bushnelland
it is not believed that it equals the ref culture and it is confidently predictedthat the Manatee region there are Leesburg are noted watermelon '0

duction in price on fruit which has the tomato acreage on the island about 75 cars, and the crop is said to centers. Archer is also a well-known
been beaten by heavy rains in sandy and be a full ohe. There are two great regions -
f adjacent protected shores, Fort i cucumber point, produing a crop of .
f. locations. Myers;Punta Rassa, etc.will be very one about Leesburg and Cole-! medium earliness. The melon and
South of Bradford county a man, and the other extending from
very increased
greatly next year. The cucumber crops are pronounced
_. large share of the growers are native Manatee section, embracing Palmetto, Orange Lake to Gainesville, and em- that is they will be three-quarters of a,
:. Southerners who have resorted to Terra Ceia and Ellenton, consists of bracing thousands of acres. In these full crop.

strawberry culture as a temporary about 3,000 acres. The here two the growers are counting on onlya

; makeshift until their orange groves are fine. At Winter Haven crops, about half-crop, but the prices are so good IRISH POTATOES.Of .
restored. that they will probably clear as much the established staple of
.,' are Notwithstanding an occasional 2,500 acres; the crop will be light on crops
crate of berries shipped along account of cutworms and drouth. money as usual. The growers are receiving Florida this one is almost, if not quite

, : in February or March may have netted Clermont and Minneola claim about from $1.50 to $1.65 per barrel the only one that will be a full crop

i from $12 to $18, they regard it asa I 900 acres, Grand Island about 600. crate f. o. b. this season. Center Hill, below

i, "low down business" compared I In the great Gainesville section there BEANS. Leesburg, and Plant City are large .

with orange growing. And the splen will be only about half a crop; but this These also will be only about a half planters of Irish potatoes. A good

did progress which the orange sproutsare is not specially a tomato region. crop this season. Untimely frosts have section.crop is also coming on in the.Manatee

making toward replacing the something to do with this, but the area
groves increases their disdain and PROGRESS OF THE GROWERS. planted was much curtailed from that PERSONAL-ORANGES.

their prospects of being able to aban- Tomato culture outside of the protected of last year on account of the discour For a large share of the informationhere
bon the makeshift in two or three I islands and keys tributary to agement of the
growers. They paid given we acknowledge our indebtedness -
r ik ...years. .in the orange belt proper.. Key West is comparatively a new in j such high transportation charges las to Mr. George C. Sander- ;


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244 tfcfc FLOiubA *AfcMEfc Afol J'RblJr.GRO\\'JlII.! : Attltt 18f 1

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) By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new


Ammonia .
5 to 6 perk brit.
Available Phosphoric Acid 7 to 8 t
Actual Potash .
4 to 5
&* This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates
Superphosphates and Potash. "aWe t

keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA
BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.
Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.




son, who is a veteran in the Florida about .
two miles from here.
ued. Last year it was not cut, except potash. Last September I sowed two t
trade and has
produce repeatedly cleaner who has cleaned this year ten about the trees, until October. It! plots, fertilized one with nitrogen and
visited nearly every point above men tons will not tell Rural how it is'done
looked like
tioned. a young forest,some of the phosphate, the other with nitrogen,
but generously insists that he shall pay canes were eight feet high, and the phosphate and muriate of potash.
:Mr. Sanderson
states that from the 25 eents per pound for what he wants. ground[ was literally covered with seed.It When the first plot got properly
freeze until his second visit was made The clean seed has the hull taken off
was plowed under. The changein started to growing, it assumed a yellow -
this year he was exceedingly discouraged and is all ready to If planted the character
grow. and condition. of the sickly hue, and having a very
over the orange outlook for with the hull on, the hull must rot off soil is simply wonderful. Said an old I hard frost for this latitude on the 29thof
Florida. Since his arrival
he has
experi- it
sprouts. farmer "If that land December it
one day: was nearly succumbed altogether -
enced a great change in his views. He
finds the Having got your seed you want to worth $10 per acre when you first put ; to try to save it, I gave it
vigorously sprouts than coming did on even last more know how and when to plant it.. One on the beggar weed it is worth $50 more nitrogen in the shape of nitrateof
they year, man wants to know if it should be now." As a land enricher Rural soda, about fifty to sixty puundsper ,
remarkably as they did then grow., planted some time in the thinks weed has This
Even this the State moon. As no equal, > acre. appeared to stimulateit
with was fragrant there are no trains running to that orb and if properly cured it makes the best a little and it grew all right but did
Bartow orange and as far north as j it will be extremely difficult to get hay on earth. not make a third of the crop the
City. He does
not there in time to plant it this The The other plot that had the did.
hesitate to place on record his belief f year. way to plant the seed is to plow potash
that in five years Florida will ship [inventions are becoming so numerous the land, wait until it is warm and The plot that had the potash kept
four million boxes. and so wonderful that Rural would moist, then put it in with a cultivator. growing steadily right along, passed

It is only just to the reader, howl not be surprised if the industrious far- This is for clean seed. Rough seed through three of the worst freezes in
ever, to remind him that this gentle mer may in a year or two stake out a should be plowed in in the fall and one winter that has ever been experi
man's observations have been melon patch on :Miss Luna's domain. plowed back when the weather is enced in the South, and in the month

fined to the west side of the peninsula.con Another writes to know "if it be too warm. Of course, rough seed can be : of March it presented a beautiful ap-
]late to sow beggar weed seed." No, i it planted in the spring, and will make a pearance. I was loath to cut it as I
Beffararweed-What to Sow and I is never too late to sow it. good stand, but Rural has observed wanted to save all the seed I could

How to Sow. The best time to plant the seed is i that; it is better to plow it under in the for future purposes, but being short
Editor Harmer and Pruit-Grower: when the ground is warm and moist.I fall and back in the spring. of proper feed for my milk cows, I
Rural has received several letters Don't sow it in hot, drouthy weather. RURAL. cut quite a lot of it, and part of this

the past winter and spring asking for .You will make. a better stand and a plot ran along a strip where I had tomatoes
information as to the best seed, best better crop it- you wait till until the Crimson Clover. the previous season and had

>. way and best time for planting beggar: rains set in. Rural will put in some Editor Farm r and Fruit-G rower: been heavily fertilized with potash;

weed. Rural does not like to write seen in June if it rains, if not, he will Up to a few years ago it was con- this strip grew up again faster than
4' the same thing over and over again wait till August, if we have no rains sidered an impossibility to grow clover the rest and I cut it a second and

: and pay postage, too, so he has concluded before. One season he planted fifteen successfully in the South, but with the third time, and at the end gave it me
,: to rub the information on THE acres, five about the 1st of April. advent of Crimson clover the problemhas more hay when I cut it in May than

1 '. FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER and let There followed a drouth of seven been satisfactorily solved and now the part of the plot that was not in the

that medium tell "all the world and weeks and never a plant appeared on we can depend upon having plenty of old tomato strip. This was a clear
the rest of mankind" what Rural the five acres. Rural put on his war green feed in the early spring monthsat case of demonstration in favor of the

knows about the subject, if the editor paint and hied him to the seed seller, I the time when it is most urgently potash; and again when threshing it
thinks it worth the space. With the who fell back on his "guarantee; wanted, but like everything else we out for seed, the hay off the land that

further understanding that he, Rural, "not responsible if the seed don't have got to learn how to grow it to had the potash yielded, I presume,

... shall be granted the same privilege grow." Another five acres were sown the best advantage by experimentingwith about ten to one of the other, and the
that "reliable" seed men claim, "not in May and there were no rains the various kinds of fertilizers at seed was bulkier and heavier in every
,; to be held responsible if the seed don't for three weeks, and less than half the our command. It i is generally sup-
; grow. seed came. The other five acres were posed that the clover family don't re- more I use potash on our sandy
,.' The selection of seed and the manner planted on the 24th of June, and there quire any nitrogenous fertilizers, being soils of the South, the more I am con-
:A .. of planting it ought to be, to the came the next day a fine rain-a real able to draw the necessary nitrogenfrom vinced that it is a good thing. Our
-.t, average farmer, as easy as rolling off a.. sub soil soaker. In less than a week the atmosphere, but I find that soil is comparatively well suppliedwith
Ilti..": : log, but it is not. A great many peo i every plant reported and beggar weed during the winter months when our nitrogenous elements, or we can
':\ pIe buy the seed and plant it and it on that four acres was thicker than days are shorter and we have less sun- grow crops to give us nitrogen, but

don't come up and the seedman is hairs on a dog. It seeded well, and shine, that Crimson clover don't ap- potash we have to give it our crops
sent to the place where Weyler ought was plowed under in the fall and backin pear to draw on the atmosphere as all the time if we want them to do
; to go, when in fact the fault is alone the spring. In July it was cut and the much as in the spring months; the their best. There is one feature about
i 1 with the way and time it was sown. ground mulched, the stubble branchec reason for this I don't know as yet, using potash that the most of people
s l .;.'43 Of course the clean seed is the best. well and seeded. It was plowed under perhaps we can find it out in some overlook, and that is its permanent
,1 I am not interested in clean seed. It in the fall and back in
the spring; way. I find that the main feeder i it good effects. It does not act as a
i' ;f '". is cleaned out at the Excelsior Farm, the next year the same phn, was pur wants in the shape of fertilizers is stimulant, like nitrate of soda, for in6 .

, .
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stance, and then pass off. Potash of- Tobacco.Wrapper plant with the peg, while the dirt on UveStock. I'ti
fects the soil lor its permanent good, the other side is supported with the

and its effects are seen years after thumb and fingers of the left hand. -""" .-
wards in a general allround improve- Leaf Culture. The plant dropped on this hill is Bone Defects-Lack of Lime. .
ment. This year I am going to sow Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: picked up and taken to the next hill, ,
all the Crimson clover I can get room where the same process is repeated.No The lack of lime in the soil in many
for and fertilize with kainit only, as The best plants are those with large one, until he tries it, can appreciate places in Florida is doubtless largely :

the land is rich in nitrogenous matter roots and low, branching tops. Whentoo the advantage of using a hand responsible for many obscure diseasesof :;t
much seed is used in the beds the It facilitates the work live stock such
already and kainit broadcasted at plant. fully as big-head, leg 1
rate of six to eight hundred poundsper plants run up spindling and for want one-third. weakness, etc. Every farmer ought .. !
acre when the land is plowed will of light and air the stalks become The thoroughness of the work is to keep a box of air slacked lime or .
give the exact soil Crimson clover delights bleached and almost as tender as cel- tested by catching the tip of the leaf bone meal where the animals can.

in; and in the spring, after us- ery. Such plants are well-nigh worth of the newly set plant between the reach it at all times. One of our
ing all I want for green feed and saving less, and it is the extreme of folly to forefinger and thumb and pulling. If agricultural exchanges says : 1

some for seed, by plowing it underit use them unless the ground is very the soil has been sufficiently compacted Owners of pigs are very often ..' ;
wet, and not even then when the sea about the roots the of the
will enrich the land beyond anything tip troubled by their animals becoming :
else that can be applied to it. son is late and the weather hot. They leaf will break, leaving the plant in its weak on their legs. Some believe it !

We have, therefore, in Crimson cloveran have a feeble vitality and cannot place; but if the plant pulls up it is to -hereditary, and this is true in a f.
agent, judiciously used, that will withstand the heat of the sun, the evidence of imperfect work. Good greater or less degree. It would, we.
enrich the poorest soil we have in the ravages of the insects and the drying planting is essential to a quick start think, be nearer the truth to say that '
South, and it is our duty to take ad- winds. and a perfect and uniform stand. under certain circumstances there is 4 .J

vantage of what nature so bountifully USE TOUGH FLINTS. When the plants are of uniform size a tendency to transmit the disease, ..,
provides us with in this way. Also in beds so situattd that theyare and every hill is occupied it facilitatesthe brought about originally by lack of tilt<*" ;
C. K. McQUARRIE. shaded during the heat of the day earlier cultivation. exercise and excessive use of food de- 4
DeFuniak Springs, Fla. the plants are apt to be too delicate. Shading the plants is very tedious, ficient in such ingredients as phosphate 'J
.. Toughness and stamina in a plant naturally ; and rarely pays for the time and labor of lime. But the farmer or pig ,

Questions In Budding. so watery and rank as a tobacco expended.If feeder may, by exercising a little ingenuity -
Editor Is there Parmer anything and Pruit-Grower to be gained by plant are indispensable. If it can be in drawing the plants from the gradually circumscribe if not !t I ,

budding into sprouts from a sweet orange avoided, plants should be set befcrj bed care is taken not to pull out or ttallyobliterate such a condition of .
they wilt, or before the roots become down the smaller ones succes .
stump that was of bearing age tramp affairs by giving the animals proper. .
before it was killed to the ground, dry; and especial care should be takenin sive drawings may be made every exercise, attention and feed.
the roots down into the week if .
the weather is
both bud and sprout being of the same especially The weakness is largely of the ten- *;
hole made to receive them that the
variety? damp. dons and ligaments, and this may be .:
stalk does not become bent and the
Will it bring fruit any earlier ? REPLANTING i I removed or corrected in whole or in ..:
roots twisted and tangled. All these should be done after every rain, and
S. COCHRAN. the restorative
JNO. by using
things tend to enfeeble the plants, with the largest and best plants. The part proper
Titusville, Fla. ingredients in medicines or selectionsof
which should have aid in this the bad
every cut-worm, grasshopper, set- feed. These in turn may be assisted .
[Reply by A. H. Manville]. trying crisis. ting in dry weather, will destroy more by the application of brandagesand
Pardon my delay in replying to enclosed DRAWING THE PLANTS. or less plants, and the missing hills liniments to the parts exhibiting
inquiry. I have been away. When the plants have attained a should be attended to without delay. weakness. Care should be taken !in

I can see nothing to be .gained by proper size for transplanting to the Every effort should be made to get an applying these not to impede the circulation "

budding sprouts of a given variety, field, which is when the lower leavesare even start over the whole field. of the blood while they are '
unless it is desired to change the vari as large as three fingers, they Many tobacco planters in their sufficient to support the parts. :

ety. Jaffa is always and everywherebut should be carefully drawn from the hurry to get the crop out use plants America, as everyone knows,. has ..
part of a single individual, always beds, one or two at a time, kept that are not large enough to bear the become a great pig breeding and
and everywhere bearing wood, and straight with the roots together, pack. shock of transplanting. Old land requires feeding country, and in this con
will always yield fruit as soon as the ed closely in basket boxes, or in the much larger plants than freshor nection the opinion of one of her

growth is sufficient, if the conditionsare bed of a wagon, and carried to the to newly cleared land. Upon the lat- leading! authorities may not be with _
such as permit fruit bearing. Whatis bacco field. Use great care not to ter plants may be used with perfect out interest, as it confirms the practice
true of Jaffa is true of all varietiesof bruise the plants. This must be done safety with leaves not larger than thoseof pursued at home. He said he

fruits that have been derived froma when the ground has "season" in it, the honeysuckle. Generally the never had a case of this kind but
single bearing specimen.A. or is sufficiently moist to justify the removal earlier in the season the plants are set what was cured at once by feedinga
the smaller
H. MANVILLE. of the plants to the field with- out they are required to pinch of bone meal with the daily

Glen St. Mary, Fla. out endangering their vitality. When be. food of swine. He told of a case
--- -- the plants have been kept straight one There is another reason why the of a sow after nursing a large number -
A Chicago party have purchased at hand is able to drop as. fast two can plants should attain a good size be- of pigs that could not stand on
Shell Beach north of Sarasota a tract fore transplanting. While in the bed
transplant. her hind feet. A dose of bone meal
with a mile and a half frontage on the TRANSPLANTING.The they are secure against the ravages of was mixed with the swill when the
which has been laid off in lots the cut-worm and grasshopper, and
bay, sow refused other food at command,
with 100 feet frontage and 200 feet transplanting is ususually done when they reach a good size before and she ate greedily the bone meal .
by means of a peg six inches long, an transplanting they are not so easily
deep. The main avenue along the left unstirred in the bottom of the
inch and a half or two inches through, severed or eaten by those destructive '
bay-front has been cleared, and there up dish. This she repeated whenever
gradually sloping to a round point. .
has been a row of palms set on either insects. the bone meal was placed within her
side, beneath which shell walks have This slope should extend some two or WAITING FOR GOOD WEATHER.It reach, and in a short time she had
three inches above the pointed end. not infrequently happens that .
been laid, and several blocks have greatly mended.
Provided with this a man with suffi- when the plants are large enough to very
been set aside for park purposes. The .. .
work of erecting residences has begun, cient strength of back may transplantas set out, timely rains do not occur and! n
and so far three very neat and com- many as 5,000 plants a day, though the plants grow too large. Some i From now on the planting of groves *
fortable houses have been completed. setting 3,000 is considered good planters draw the plants out as fast as will steadily go on. Even at the present
time we learn that one of the larg-
day's work. and bed
. The intend to lay they large enough,
property-owners This work if should be est ever.set out in the State is
concrete walks to connect all of the possible, them in a shady place, watering them
done rain be to be planted out soon, and there is no
houses, as has already been done in the after a or immediately from time to time. This checks the
above cases. Work is to be com- fore.The growth, and if the dry weather does longer any doubt of Lee county be-

menged early in April on a club-house, usual way is this : A boy witha not continue too long they may be coming a great center for the production -

which is intended to accommodate ten basket of convenient size goes in preserved in this way, while the plants of oranges. and grape fruit.-
families, who have already donated advance and drops the plants on the left in the bed have a better chance to Tropical News.It

sufficient for the erection of a handsome hill of two rows; two planters follow, grow. When water can be had con .
building, for which purpose Captain each with an extra plant in his hand, veniently, instead of bedding them is estimated that nearly a million
't Thompson has donated the .- called a hand plant. With the peg he out, the plants are sometimes set in dollars will be distributed around
. Correspondence Florida Citizen. makes the hole In the centre of the the fields and a half-pint of water Gainesville as a result of the sale of
hill from two to three inches deep, poured about the roots and dried cabbages. The yield is now estimatedto
. Over six thousand crates of truck according to the size of the plant. The earth heaped about them with the be 40 per cent of the yield of 1894.

:' left this section last week, and all sell- roots of the plant are thrust into this hands. This is tedious and is rarely There have been about 300 cars

ing for first-class prices.-Braidentown hole to the bottom and a gentle pres- resorted to except when the chancesof shippid from the Orange Lake, Rocky

.J umal. sure is made upon one side of the losing. a crop are imminent Point and Gainesville sections.

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:.. ', '- .: '=, -:'..._:':::;-'- :' C- ._-___ : ...'-'-_" .' _.: :;"'__::_ ..:

A. Complete High Grade.. Fertilizer
," '. Especially Adapted to

r ; .

:. Available 42 to 5/ per cent.
Phosphoric Acid
Potash (Actual) 4to 6 per cent.
:: 6 to 8 cent.
} per
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash
7 11 to 13 cent.
Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda Blood
and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals Fine Ground Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Tobacco Stems C. S. Meal
Blood and
WE Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.
Write Us for Prices before CORRESPONDENCE.


Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton, SON & OO1flI, Jacksonville

Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices.


f Apiary. colonies A. F. Brown a better and average E. M.than Storer myself.who first pollen flow every of month in the year. The this business, I will say that $600 is j

honey commences about little
made bee enough to begin with, to get the ]
keeping a specialty and the
r Edited by A. F. BROWN San Mateo Fla. have the largest apiaries here took 1st February, and swarming most out of the business. But, if a j
about March
To whom all 10. In April and May man is willing to with
communications relating to the commence a
more than I did while
money others
, department should be sent. we usually have a honey drouth of a few colonies and work out some of
having but few colonies
hardly few weeks
sufficient to check the
the time
I at he can make a sta rt
counting on their bees for income
Bee Culture in Florida. from auy swarming fever. Then comes the saw on very much less than that, that will,
got enough them
; W. S. Hart, of Hawks Park, owner living About nearly to cover palmetto, sweet bay, basswood, etc., I with skill and attention, increase to a

of the largest and most thriving apiaryon honey expenses. 200 tons of giving a good flow of very heavy large apiary in a short time.
mostly extracted
the East Coast, has prepared an thousands of though some honey, of light amber color, and ex- At the same time he can be plant-

article on bee culture in Florida, which was shipped that pounds were in the comb, cellent flavor. This flow lasts until ing fruit trees and vegetables in his
season by and the
p appears in the initial number of the thirty of myself : cabbage palmetto and mangrovecome land, and after a while have more
my neighbors living along the in, the last of June. From thison
Florida East Coast Homeseeker, pub. banks of the Hillsboro than one resource to draw from.
and Halifaxrivers I until
: lished by J. E. Ingraham, }land corn within about August 10, the flow is
the limits
few milesnorth
l missioner of the Florida East Coast and south a continuous and heavy, the honey as

P!" Railway, and some extracts will be If all of the bees of me.had been bought .handsome."" .... l:__ tJ as_.___can_ be. produced.' .and. of Poultry.

E ._ .. _ u .
l found of interest. .1. 1'11 1. YfW11 -iiu VU1. xx. restIng spcii now ------------------------------------------------

Referring to some of early uic inn uciurc aim an me lauur hired comes in for the bees, which lasts un- Edited by S. S. DeLANOY Apopka,.Fla.

; in my experiences at the ruling wages, the crop of honey till the middle of September when the
the State
says Mr. Hart, I alone
would have paid for all and left fall flowers
will say that I came here later the saw palmetto Goose-Raising for Profit.
years nearly $10,000 balance the
ago a poor boy, having lost first year, ; berries, yield a surplus of dark [Notes of Mr. William Rankin's Address at
everything without counting the value of increaseor honey, suitable for winter the Farmers' Institute,at Providence, R. I.,in
that I possessed by the burning of a secured. supplies or connection with the exhibition of the Rhode
wax This
boat we consider a for spring feeding. As bees fly here Island Poultry Association.]
on down from
< my way
pretty good for the
the North. During the first three showing securingof almost every day in the year fall t A farmer, to be successful, must

years everything seemed to work to a single but crop of nature's productsthat honey can be fed without fear of dys look after the minutia of the business;

. a few years past, has been entery. Some of the the
leading details
my disadvantage-fires, storms, lightning allowed to honey must receive careful
go to waste ever since old and
pollen-producing trees the attention.
and sickness headed off are Goose-raising is no
me at old ocean's billows excepttion
mighty rolled
every turn, and took everything I what is now the over' maple willow, sweet gum, the bays, ;to this rule. To succeed in it
east coast of Florida.
r made and more, so that at the end of Yet this is orange, myrtle, oak, basswood, hick one must understand the habits of
only of the
three years I was$245 in debt. I had that but await the many resources ory, youpon, mock olive, saw palmetto geese, which are very domestic and
hand of and mangrove, the last two of t contented when
managed to get a couple of swarms of skillful labor to they can find what
bees by this time. By hard work, to money. which come together in the middle of f they like. They are very fond of ten
Though above record is of
.M the the summer, the latter being unequaledas der sweet and in
close study and the help of my bees, I best that we have known here grass, the spring
paid the last dollar that I owed and yet I a honey producer by anything else will start in search of the tiny shoots
. then for the first time set out few an average of 255 i in the whole vegetable kingdom knownto upspringing in the low lands and along

a j pounds per colony, and for several the writer. It produces honey in i the water-courses. The
trees goslings are
orange on land. Since
then I have my own j years in succession did not go below abundance, of the finest quality, and always on the watch for an opportu

prospered beyond my i 130 pounds average through the apiary its failure
most sanguine to yield an abundant crop nity for depredations, and will steal
expectations. f for
a single season. In eighteenyears i is
The season of my exceedingly rare. We have also into the cornfield, or the garden, or
1894 me the of I
gave ] beekeeping in this State I
; honey-producing vines and
plants too enclosure of
largest flow in any growing crops
average honey
ex1 1 have failed
my never to make it ;
pay, numerous to mention. I into which
perience. I took and onehalftons they can an entrance.
twenty cept during two seasons, and even As to markets We have a limited You can't raise beets and
,or 101 barrels about fourhundred cabbages
,holding then
expenses were nearly met. 1 home
market for
I extracted honey at goslings on the same lot. They
pounds each
extracted I consider that
honey from 116 colonies of bees beekeeping in porn about the same as the price of white very shrewd and knowing. If they
tions of this State
pays as well as i in clover honey in the North and find
West and
average of more than ,, an open gate, are stealing
353 pounds per any other part of the world. 1 but
most of the
large into the
producers shout
garden, at andthey'll
colony, spring count. One colony,, In good locations, the theta
natural their
average to the markets North.
Near aside
crop turn
to innocent
kept on scales some
,so as to be
weighed night increase is from
one to three, i fly all the is
and morning, honey extracted and i attraction and watch you closely till
gave me / poundsof
554 one eight-frame hives
story are used, shipped in twenty and forty-five back is turned then for
extracted honey without gallon your start theo
extra and I
any 150 pounds of honey. They often barrels. I would call attention t enclosure again
; nursing whatever. I !
had two or three do much better than
: this. I have the fact that our main is of There five
colonies that did better than this one known crop not I are prominent varietiesof

t. but kept no record of their one colony to increase naturally the cheap dark grades quoted as Southern I geese-the Toulouse, Embden, African

H.V.. Mitchell of Hawks crop.Park to nine considerable strong ones in one seasonand honey, at 52 to 60 cents per gallon } Brown and White China. Of

and J. B. Chase of Port Orange, who besides.give surplus honey but on the contrary, it is of the these he considered the pure African

-II were able to give their bees closer attention Our bees winter finest flavor, whiter than white clover the most perfect. They will lay more

got from a smaller number of perfectly on the honey, and of good body. eggs, mature earlier, make more flesh
summer and
gather honey or To those who think of starting i in I in a given time, are always hardy.


.. .. .... .. .
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The Toulouse are good layers, but he until the flight feathers reach the base
had found them less hardy, and they of the tail, then drive them into a N =iDeLAlSTOY'S;
would not take on flesh so well as the small dry enclosure bare of grass,
African. The Embden was not so where there is some shade. Don't
large, not so good layers, but a better frighten them; always be mild and Popular Poultry Far i ,
color, which was one advantage. The gentle. Success depends in large 0
Brown and White China were smaller, measure upon their quietness. If you
but lay a goodly number of eggs. startle them and get them to running HPOPKH, FL.H.

One should choose the variety whichhe from one side of the pen to the other, !
likes best-select: the best, the "churning," they will not take on T CORNISH INDIAN:
strongest and most vigorous for breed- flesh rapidly. Don't fret them; theyare : GAMES,
ing. Put three geese and one gander very sensitive, and remember ill 1 Sharp's and Imported. The best Table Fowl known.
together in a colony. Give them treatment.For I -eli'- Great for Broiler
room enough so they will think about after shut-
theyare twenty days $: I'' BLACK- MINORC
? .1-! :
not confined, giving them as large ting them up feed tnem all the corn-
liberty as possible. Have a nest box meal mixed with beef scraps (meat- Larger than Leghorns. Good layers of Large White Eggs.
for each goose, and have each goose meal), about one-quarter of scraps C .-.
lay in its own box. Feed each colony and at night whole corn. We mix best.We Both give well all our adapted attention to this to the climate.E above. two breeds, and aim to have the
near its own home, sparingly of the meal and scraps together while
reduced prices during balance of 1896. One setting,
grain. The way I feed is to boil cabbages dry put in the mixing trough, pour E G iB! SAt| > 1-50;' two, a.5Q; three, 83.S5.: Packed in
turnips and small potatoes and boiling water over it, and stir till eaa Kgg Carriers and guaranteed to arrive safe.
mix with corn meal and a little meat thoroughly mixed. Give them fresh -WE CAN FURNISII-
scrap or meat meal, and feed corn clean water to drink, and have a box POULTRY SUPPLIES.
once a day while they are laying. of grit or clear sharp sand by them.A .
Turn them out to grass after they have few pieces of rotten wood or de- half-acre on which the colony was to BRASS BAND
done l laying, or after they wean the cayed stump are put in for them to be turned; if it was much length would ,' Instruments.Drums,Uniforms EquipmentsforBaudsandDmmCorpa. -
goslings. Let them run in the pasture pick.In. mow it down ; short grass is the best. ( ',' f.f'stprlcesevnqnoted.. Low-
I Fine Catalog**)
with the cows. Keep ground oyster! about twenty days they shouldbe Believes in growing quickly. Quick Illustrations Music ,mailed'/ forAmatrarBanda free; it sires Band '!II

shells by them all the time while theyare ready for market. Take them to growth gives best.profit. 4.for., ( Atbni I.VOX St'tl.b& h jUrime..\\.\',,fh;.agop1.
laying. Mark each egg, the var- the picking room, stick them in the S4 -
iety and colony so you can tell whichare mouth to bleed them, and pick them Feeding Green Bones.
the prolific layers, and also which carefully, leaving the flight feathers Green bones(those from the butcher) EGGSFROM
gander gives you the fertile eggs, thus and about half of the neck unpicked. cannot be ground, as they are too' BEST STRAINS
securing the best layers for breeding Plump them in a tub of cold water tough, and contain a large share of and Barred Brown Plymouth Leghorns Rock, 8 1
stocks-and if you have to purchase until the animal heat is all out, then water or blood. They must, therefore for 13; 1.75 1 for 26 Mi-
stock get the best you can find. Se- wash their mouths norcas, Buff Leghorns,
out be with
carefully, re- cut a bonecutter. When Buff Cochins, Silver Wyandotte -
lection and careful breeding have about pack them in ice cold water and let bones become very hard and dry they *. >$1.50 for 13;
I 83.50> for 26.
doubled the egg yield of geese; thirty them remain all night. Ship to mar- can be ground but will then have losta Early Mitchell Straw-
years ago about thirty eggs was the ket by earliest train next day. If any large proportion of their nutritious berry Plants(the Free earliest with),each 25
number expected from a good goose; are found not fat enough to kill turn matter. Green bones are rich in nitrogen tHug Catalogue free.
now about sixty eggs was the average them out in the grass lot again with and therefore serve as food. KENNESAW Box 191, Marietta FARMS., Ga.
during the breeding season, and an some of the later litters, let them runa When a bone contains a large shareof
African goose belonging to one of his month, then drive them in the fat- adhering meat it is all the more
neighbors had produced 120 eggs in a tening pens again. You must kill and valuable. THE IMPROVED
season. dress before they begin to shed their Bones serve several purposes when VICTOR
Take good care of the early eggs; feathers, as that stops their growth used for poultry. Being phosphateof
those are the most valuable ones. and they get poor in spite of all you lime, they are capable of being digested i. .l== INCUBATOR
Everyone hatched early in the sea can do. which is not the case with : ..-..,_. Absolutely Hatches Chickens elf.re by ulatln Steam.jr.
son is worth a dollar when hatched. The profit is great. About seventy- oyster shells and grit; and they sup- L 'and The cheapest simplest nnkclass! most Hatchet reliable"
Set the The cent. of the hatch the birds with 1o e In the market. Circulars free
eggs as soon as possible. five'per eggs on an ply elements that may 1cents? .ERTEL&CO.,QadDcJ'.m
fresher the eggs are when set, the bet- average, and there are no losses. be lacking in the food. They also as-
ter (stronger) goslings will be hatched. Would as soon think of losing a colt sist in grinding the food, taking the
Set the first eggs under broody hens, as a gosling. The dressed geese place of grit, and are readily acceptedby HATCH Chickens,BY. :' :DEL:
putting five to seven eggs under a hen weigh about nine pounds each and all classes of poultry. In fact, it ----- EXCELSIOR Incubator
according to her size. If a goose eighteen to twenty-five cents a pound. is safe to claim that there is nothingthat SimpU, Perfect Bel./.Bcgv.41.
wants to set break her With of each in be used en,. TbouMndj ia llICOeAIfal
up by shutting an average forty eggs can as egg-producing operation. Lowest priced
her away from the nest or her colony the two litters, you get 120 eggs from food which serves the purpose so wellas Cira Bend luatrea Sc.for ii flnt-elau GEO.HftUher U. 8TA1IL.a.ade.
nine.Catalogue. 1 1 4 tel2$fl.eth$t. .I. ,10.WOVEN .
for few
a days; always have them lay each colony. Hatching ninety gos green bone. Its combination of
two litters before allowing them to sit, lings, which average nine pounds qualities-nitrogen,lime for egg shells
setting them on part of the last litter. apiece, gives 810 pounds from a cost and adaptation to all fowls and all
Test out the infertile eggs when a hen colony; which at 20 cents a pound eggs-give it a place even higher than WIRE FENCE
has set about two weeks noting the gives $162 gross; and the cost of keep meat, which contains nitrogen but OYer Styles Ball ee tong Earth, ,and Horse Chicken high,
colony and goose laying them. This ing a colony and fattening the gos little lime or other mineral matter. I tight You can Pig make from 40
tells you what geese are profitable. If I lings will not exceed $46, giving $116 When grain is the principal food the U toi'60 14 to rods 22c.per day a for Rod.from;
you find one that has a low average of F profit. The geese properly mated hens are sometimes unable to produce Illustrated KITSELMAN Catalogue BROS.Free.,
fertility, discard her-but keep the and well fed should give an average eggs because while the materials for ,Rldgevllle, Indiana.
good ones.. Never sell the good lay of fifty eggs apiece and there wouldbe forming the yolk are plentiful, the ele-
= ers of fertile eggs. They never grow as much proit from a goose as ments required to produce albumenand --
too old; the oldest are the best. I from the average cow. the bony part of the chicks, as all poultrymen. Its cost may be an
:: prefer young ganders; those from one An item of profit is the (feathers of well as the shells of eggs are lacking. item at first, but the great serviceit
k to six years old are the best. which we get a pound from eight to I Bones supply these deficiencies, and performs by enabling one to use a
Dou't take the goslings from the ten goslings which well cured sell at 75I thus increase the production of eggs. material that could not otherwise be
nest till they are thirty-six hours old- cents. I put them in a bag and hang One pound of green bone is sufficientper made serviceable makes it really cost
and put them on a grass run where in the sun to dry eight or ten days. day for sixteen hens,and when the less, as it soon repays for the outlay.
the grass is young and tender. I put Crossbred geese do not give best results I. cost of this amount of bone is consid A bone is too hard when dry, and too
boards up to make a small pen aboutthe ;purebred geese are the best for ered and compared with the increase tough when green to be pounded.
f coop for a day or two, and then show, sale, and profit, according to. of eggs resulting from the feeding of Labor is too valuable to be wasted at
i let them run-usually wiring off a pen my experience, although others dis bone and the. greater variety of food, such work. If hens are intended to
of about half-an-acre for each family agree with me upon this point.In its cheapness is at once apparent.As lay, they are but themselves machines
f of early goslings. Feed all the meal, answer to questions as to whether stated the reducing of bones to converting raw materials into something
shorts and beef scraps they will eat, one-quarter beef scraps wasn't too I sizes suitable for the fowls is difficult I more saleable,and the additional
and be careful to not let them get intodeep i high feeding-Possibly there is danger unless one has the appliance for so do- i machine-the bone-cutter-will give
{ water. Give them all the grain of over-pressure In that direction. ing. The bonecutter (not bonemill) them better opportunities for producing
I : they will eat, together' with the grass, Would have the grass short on the should be a regulation implement with a profit.-Poultry Herald.

f- .



-,- --- '- -- --- '--- ... h' -_. ..
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I t
tf: -
f had seen their best days, and would I EVERY FAMILY
State News. Our Rural Home. not have worn (as sheets) another SHOULD KNOW THAT

..., .... even had been and
'""' """' --- - - - '- year, they ripped

t Superintendent Sheats has notice A Chapter on Beds. turned in our grandmothers' most ap

: from officers of Clay county that the For Our Rural Home. proved way. Every spring they go
f Park school violators of the through the general ablution. The
, Orange It is not only the young and inexperienced beds thus
are kept clean, not only
the law in teaching white and black
housekeeper who
while in but
use, put for
pupils in the school will be away
same pros- through i ignorance or carelessness
the Who
summer. has not been in
; ecuted in the Circuit Court in session
some of the most essential duties in houses where
." this week at Green Cove Springs.- the routine of housekeeping. Someare everything was spic and
span parlor to appar-
t Tallahasseean., governed entirely by habit and
ently not a finger mark on door or
t Competent judges estimate that the the older they grow the less likelyare windowsill, not a speck of dust on

watermelon crop of the approaching they to get out of their old ruts. mantel or table ? But after you have
l season within twelve miles of Lees- If certain things did not at first com made your toilet in the morning

burg will amount to i.ooo carloads. mend themselves to her attention- throw open the window of room you Is a very remarkable remedy, both for IN.
t The estimated returns for this perhaps there was a mother in-law in your TBRNAL; and EXTERNAL use, and won-
crop then lift the bedclothes from
the bed dcriul in its quick action to relieve distress.
t are put at $100,000. From having the house who wisely looked after (even if there are servants, this may, Pain=iller Is a sure! cure for Sore
been the center of Florida some of the irregular duties-these T.ont.| Coughs,
t orange with all propriety, be done for themin CliilU, Diarrlurn, Dysentery, Cramps,
f it now appears that Leesburg will certain things will be apt to be overlooked the house of your hostess), and ('hol, .'u, aiui all liowel Complaintt.

r hereafter be the melon center.-Lees- l during her entire life, unless what a surprise Sheets and blanketsas nfl u ??=J J71.11erlSTIIE\, HEST-rem.for ,.,,ea
r burg Commercial.The typhoid fever or something as serious ""Ic'kllt' sick Ilemlnrhe, Pain In the
sweet and white as soap and water Hark or>ide, II ueiiinatisiu and Neuralgia.
experiment of forty acres in should call her attention to the fact. can make them, pillow-slips snowy Pain=f Ifi11f1 mcr 'Is unqvtxtionnbly the

, canaigre root being conducted near One is not likely to forget the annual and dainty, with lace and frills, but .11A I)K. It brings speedy and EST permanent LINLIIENT relief

\ this, city under the supervision of house cleaning, the regular meals that the mattress and feather bed !-the S In evere all cases Uurns of, &Jlruines:c. Cuts, Sprains,

' :Mayor Gore promises satisfactory re- must be cooked, or the children's bed less said the better.It Pain=Killer I* the well tried and

;, suIts. A few tubers planted in this time ; but she may easily overlook the is not every housekeeper who Mechanic, Farmer, Planter trusted ,friend Sailor of, and the
f E fact that the which and In fact all classes wanting a medicine at
bedding always
section have madea upon knows
a year or more ago how to remedy this. A wordto band.and taft to ve internally or externally
wonderful growth and thoroughly among which one-half of a person'slife the wise is sufficient. If need be, with certainty of relief.
satisfied the of the is spent-it is said-has not been IS RECOMMENDED
experimenters make
your pillow cases perfectly By Physicians, by Mitsionartet, by Ministers,by
feasibility of that industry becomingan well aired for the entire winter. A plain, and use "patch-work quilts" if Mechanist,by Kurttt in Jlospitalt.
important factor in the agricultural bed should not be made in the morn- have BY EVERYBODY.
you, ingenuity enough to make .
Ia I Medicine Chest In
;.. wealth of South Florida.-Orlando ing until the comforts, blankets, pil them-which I have not-but do have Pain=Killer itittf, and few vessel
lows and all the paraphernalia of the leave port without a supply of it.
Reporter. mattress covers for your beds. JOGS" family!] can afford to be without this
modern bed have had the invaluable In the
air. Every remedy house. Its price brings
Major Swift, Geo. R. Davis and M. G. M. it within the reach of all, and it will annually
housewife knows this, but many seem ave many times its cost In doctors'bills.
A. F. Doremus of the Lake Worth
r Beware of imitations. Take none bat the
to think if the clothes are thrown down genuine "PERRY DAVIS.
; Fruit Co., have been on the ground .
over the footboard for an hour, a win- To Wash a Piano.
looking after their extensive improvement
They are each employing a dow or door opened in the sleepingroom "Having been told repeatedly that

large force of men. They have satisfied the proper attention has been the best way to clean a piano case was BULBS PLANTS.

r themselves that the most profitable given and nothing more is necessary.Bed to wash it with soda and water," writes

way to raise pines is to partially clothes require care every day, it Mary M. Ward in Good Housekeeping --
;. shade them. will is true ; two or three hours in the air i "I somehow never could quite Butterfly Lily (recently catalogued as
They soon complete "White Canna"by some enterprising florists -
a shade over seven acres and and sunshine, however, are not suffi make up my mind to it after all, for it ),beautiful and fragrant..b e.
r\, cient. Several times Canna-Giant Cardinal, tall and showy.......10
will eventually cover their entire a year they seemed as though the soapy water C. Nepalensis, fine yellow..... ..............10
should be hung out in a brisk breezeI must surely spoil the brilliant polish C. Robusta, bronze leaved..... .........' ....10
s plantation.Tropical Sun. C. Flaccida, the "Orchid Canna" .. .......10
like our March weather for this- in spite of all the
While assurances to con- Caladium Esculentum-elephant's ea.......toc
Lawtey probably ships more and should undergo as thorough an trary. But when our beautiful piano :j The above collection for 50 cents.

berries than any other place in the airing and sunning as it is possible to began to look dull and milky I realized Amaryllis Equestre, 6 cents each; three for

: county-or the State for that matter give them, turning them over that the time had come when 150; six for ......... ............ ..........25C.
every something
other that Tuberose bulbs, fine double 50. each; six for.25
.,.. there are places very materially few hours, shaking, etc. Let none must be done if I would have it Tuberose smaller size, per dozen.... ........10
swell the volume of the ship Oxalis bulbs (rose-colored), per dozen.......10
h believe that feather beds and pillowsare restored to its pristine spleridor. I Madeira vine,5C. each; six for............ ..25
ment. Starke, Hampton, New River, not improved by the same treatment determined to find out if possible all Pereskia Aculeata,each....... .. ......... 10
Sampson City and Lake Butler ship I Night-blooming Cereus (C grandiflora)......20
; the warmer the sun, the better about it, and then to make the experiment Honeysuckle Halliana,white, fragrant .. .. 10
thousands of dollars worth every sea for them. I have read, somewhere, resolutely if I became convincedthat Coral, or Fuschia. owered honeysuckle ....10Ampelppsis
quinque folia American
; son, and it is probable that more than that a disagreeable odor could be per it really was the best Sinensis...... .... .... ....ivy.toWisteria ...)....20
$100,000 will be brought into the Crotalaria Retusa (West India Rattlebox,or
ceived when feathers had been sunned Yellow Sweet Pea ..
"Accordingly, the first opportunitywhich ) good plants, each. .10
county this year from the berry in ." Now, I am not "finicky but 4S"To those who purchase twenty-five cents'
dustry alone.-Starke presented itself was taken to worth of bulbs or plants and enclose five cents
Telegraph. if I were to notice such an odor (a"goosy" ask the piano-tuner about it additional towards paying postage,I will send
The following parties will plant tobacco smell knowingthat cuttings of a handsome fragrant, cream tea rose;
perhaps, was meant,) he was sent out by one of the or if preferred of the Cherokee rose; both fine,
this year : Messrs. Jaudon and I should forthwith have those feathers oldest and most reliable firms in the ever-green climbers; or variegated Lantana cut-
Brewster, i; Prof. N. Robinson, 3j; Dr. thoroughly washed, as well as sunned SEEDS.

F. S. Hall, I; -. N I.: Barksdale, ra; and aired. I do not believe feathers country."
'Certainly replied, in a tone so Two cents per packet, or C packets for 8c.
Capt. Thos. Evans, i; W. H. Holden, -good, clean ones from good, clean
convincing as to quite banish doubts. Canna Flaccida; C. Giant Cardinal; C. Nepa
Ij; Wm. Smith, i; C. Bebee, 3; Willis fowls-are at all unwholesome, and 'Just let me have a dish of tepid, soft lensis; Balloon vine; While Cypress; Thunbergia -
Wilkinson, 4; L.J. Dollins, $fa 0 r- nothing is more comfortable in cold ; Wisteria; Velvet Bean; Crotalaria;
water, a cake of soap and three piecesof Ricinus (Palma Christi); Lantana; Zinnias,
lando. L. G. Harper, 3; H. Beman, weather. But they should not be I clean, sleazy Conton flannel.' I mixed; Marigold; Coral Honeysuckle.

3; L. C. Farr, Ij; Carl Keller, Ij; Hi- used year after year without great care I When I had brought the articles 5 At 5c. a packet, or two for 8c.

wassee. P. Shaniberger, Pine Castle, in keeping them perfectly clean, sweet he at Bryonopsis, marble vine, with lovely little
designated once proceeded to
Dan Prescott Prescott round fruits, mottled red and white; Bra-
4; Ij; S. P. and light. show how it was to be done. zilian Morning Glory, lavender blossom;

Shepherd 28 acres.-Orlando, Altamonte Springs, y2. Total An outside covering should alwaysbe 'Take the first piece of cloth and Mexican; Balsam Ipomcea Apple, white, the Mexican variety MoonFlower with

Reporter. used over the bedticking one; this wet it,' he said, suiting the action to small scarlet fruit.

J, Mr. Rumley, on the lake, says that can be taken off and washed as regu the word ; then rub it over the cake t: To all who purchase eight cents' worth of

camphor will grow in Florida as well]1 larly as the blankets and comforts of soap and apply it to the piano a ''I I seeds will,send sending a packet self-addressed of fine, stamped Watermelon envelope Seed,,

as poke-root. He has a tree that was for, of course, every housekeeperknows small portion of the surface at a time. I I saved ferred,from Crotalaria choice seed.melons by myself; or if pre-

planted on Arbor Day, 1886. It wasa there must be a special washing Next wet the piece, and with this rub, I I I fiflf seeds or plants do not give satisfaction,
small switch not more than 3 8 Can each spring, when all the bedclothes off the soap as thoroughly as possible. would be glad to be informed.M. .

inch. It now measures six inches must go in the suds. For With the third piece dry the part, rubbing G. MILLS

I above ground, and twenty-four inchesin this outer covering for the bedtick, it till it shines brightly, and do i it St. Thomas, Paaco County, Fla. _

circumference. It is eighteen feet two half-worn sheets may be used, if all as quick as possible, that the soap

high and has a spread of fourteen feet. one does not care to buy new cotton, may not remain too long upon the i I(I gun. If one is very sure to get a

It has bloomed for the past five years and it is surprising how long such polished surface.' I I I thin, cheap quality of Canton flannel

and looks now as if it will have a covers will last. I have two that have "I was delighted with the result,, and is careful to follow directions as

bushel of seed.-Keuka item in TimesU been in constant (winter) wear for and no longer felt hesitation about here given them, satisfactory results

mon. five or six years, made of sheets that continuing' the work that he had be- will be obtained."

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I .



Ii' THE TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM. goods on terms enjoyed by the most our columns are open to any railroad ,

favored of his kind. Until he can do official to give valid reasons for it.

'I In the last two months there has this he must confine himself to raisinga i We can ship today from Interlachento

f, been more or less comment in our few early and high-priced vegetables' points in Southern Georgia a fifty '"

J"" State papers on this question. Being and fruits, and the railways to carryingat pound package for less money than we

under no obligations to the railroads, such prices and in such quantitiesas can ship a ten pound package one- ,

we are able to look at the question are prohibitive of profits to the car- sixth the distance in Florida. The $4 ..
through other than spectacles colored rier well the .
as as producer.The shipment outside the State comes un-

by the railroad officials. "Florida Citizen" says the crops der the rulings of the Inter-State Li N E_'

The Florida Citizen, which is the for transportation this year will be Commerce Law. Inside of Floridathe

\ recognized representative of the railroads than before and roads to
greater ever impliedly are responsible no one.
I discusses the situation and comments without a reduction in cost of trans They do and charge what they please.

on some of the agricultural If this From the best information
: statement was true, we can
I I statements as follows: which it is not, the experiences of last obtain the extortionate charges in the Shortest, Quickest, Host Attractive cROUTE .

t "The Florida Agriculturist, in discussing year would be repeated, an excess of rates on fruit and vegetables are prac-

I t I the transportation problem,says: *The trans freight cost over the receipts for vege- tically all within the limits of Florida.
portatlon companies claim that they are unable BETWEEN
r to charge a lower rate and make running tables. The indications are for at The railroad policy is to take the FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTHTHE

'II'f this expenses.statement We,but have the no fact means that of a verifying majorityof least a reduction of 33 per cent in the through rates from basing points suchas

of the roads are in the hands of receivers, and normal Jacksonville and then add to that
acreage. Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
some of them are advertised for sale under
foreclosure,is corroborative of the statement The Ruralist has reliable informa- through rate the maximum or highest
r At the same time It is true that the producers
from the ROUTES.
rates shipping points to
cannot afford to grow produce and ship it tion that indicates a reduction of thou.
North at the existing rates. They would not of of and the the basing point. In this way it oft- New York to Jacksonville by
I J! only lose their time and money in growing the sands acres vegetables, New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington -
crops, but in some cases would be called upon railroads will feel the reduction when en costs twice as much to get a ship- and Southern Railway to
r, to pay a balance due on freight charges. This, the ment from a point in South Florida as Northern !Columbia, Florida Central &
of course, does not refer to the special early crops are marketed.We Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
Florida has monopoly at it does from to New
crops of which a Jacksonville points in Florida. .
certain seasons of the year.' And the Agri- talked one time with a traveling York. Cincinnati to Harriman JunoCincinnati 1
culturist concludes that the only hope for freight agent of one of the Florida tion by Queen & Crescent, I
both the growers and the transportation com There is only one remedy for sucha Harriman Junction to Ashe- I
panies is for the companies to stretch a point roads. This gentleman has been in Asheville & 1\ille and Columbia by Southern -
state of affairs and that is the
I and make wholesale reduction in rates. In
the and Florida
trucking business also and knows Railway
other words, the transportation com-
although tion of a Railroad Commission in Jacksonville Central&Pensnsular-Columj -
panies have already reduced their rates almostto just where the shoe pinches the .
o pro- j bia to Jacksonville.Cincinnati
the point of bankruptcy for themselves, Florida that is patterned after the .i
i they should yield to the growers a still larger ducer by experience. We asked him to Jacksonville by :
I contribution from their earnings already Insufficient Georgia Commission. Georgia has a Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
the that be in railroad
I to cover expenses, in order that the powers Commission that makes rulings and and } Southern R'y to Ever-
growers may be absolutely insured a profit on management, would perceive their Florida etto, Florida Central & Peninsular -
. their business, without taking into account enforces them. Georgia has reasona- Limited. to all important Florida
suicidal and the .
I any of the other vitally important elements policy give producera ble freight charges that are from one- points.
that contribute to success such as the selec- show. He replied: "We have been Kansas City, Fort Scott &
tion of favorable markets,honest agents,suit- third to one half less than the Florida Kansas and City :Memphis R.t.to Kansas City
able times for shipments,proper preparation telling our managers for years that roads for the service Jackso'villeThro to Birmingham, Southern RTy
of the produce. and the adoption of methodsof the truckers and charge poor they to Everette, Fla. Central &
losing Line
\ cultivation that will insure the most sale- were money furnish. Peninsular to all Fla. points.
able We cannot believe that the that could stand the .
products. they not rates Louis to Jacksonville by
If the people of Florida will rise in
Agriculturist, which has always manifested ,
Short Line ,
I a disposition to be conservative and fair, the Florida roads charge. Each 1St. HOlly9iP'gs
their might the coming fall and elect Holly Sp'gaRoute. Central to : ,
A could have realized the" true import of its position year they have replied: 'They can't be City, Memphis & Birmingham -
to Birmingham,Sou.
losing money. If they are, why is the NOT BE BOUGHT to the Legislature they J R'y to Everette and F. C.& P.
Of the poverty of the Southern increased each ?' So
acreage year longas will have Railroad Commission that Sioux City& Chicago to Jack-
railways and in fact, most of the other the truckers out this policy of a sonville. 111. Cent. to Holly
carry will correct these abuses. It is time Route gs}Sp'gs K., C. )I. & B. to Birmingham -
railways of the country, there is little increased acreage every year, there is Sou. R'y to Ever-
o that the railroads should become servants ette and the F. C. & P.
question; as to the cause, there is a decided no hope for lower rates. The trouble
instead of masters as they are at Louis'Ille & Nash'ille to River
difference of opinion.If with our managers is that when a man New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
the railroad the present. To }route with through sleepers '
companies are on makes a ten-strike in a and ,
Elect a Legislature of capable men Jacksonville between New Orleans and
"verge of bankruptcy from conces- makes big money, the fact is heraldedin Jacksonville.The .
of their affiliations.It
sions to the producers," (which, by the our papers and our managers be- regardless party F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in f
is useless to send up such a nonde- Florida running through the
way, they have not made, but insteadof lieve that all the rest are getting as crowd of "razor-back Tobacco Regions,
script statesmen" -5
which there was an increase of 33 good results. While they hear of Stock farming and Dairy Section, .
as were there last session. Whatwe Peach and Strawberry Lands,
per cent several years ago which still this one case, they never hear of the need is of Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country, .4
stands), and the producers in many forty-nine other poor devils who lose a Legislature composed Phosphate Belt.
Has the Silver Spring and
honest men with brains who cannot
instances cannot get enough for their and say nothing about it. We are in Other Fine Scenery. .
be bought off.. Great
t product to these transportation that this the decreased The Hunting Country.
pay hopes year Beaches the Noted Fishing Grounds
When this is done we will have rates i
charges,there seems to be no way out acreage and the consequent shortageof Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety ...1 j
I which will be fair and reasonable both of soils In the State,and above all .
but for the landholder to will the :
grow crops to
crops transport, open
for the producer and the transportation Runs over the Central RIdgeland *1
that require but little or no transpor- eyes of the management so that theycan Ruralist. Where It Is High and Healthy. ,-

tation, or else leave the State and for at least see that the trucking companies.-Southern Prosperous towns fill its route and it often 1
the best freight facilities for any produce to
the railroad companies to "fade from business in Florida is, under present County commissioner L. R. Thomas the Northern markets.
Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
the map. rates, a losing business for the pro gave out some very interesting in- free) and note the towns on its route.A. .
But before such'an outcome the ducer." 0.MdoDONELL,G.P.AJacksonville
formation yesterday in reference to ,F fa.
producer will consider the possibilitiesof It is and has been the policy of the the population of the Cow Creek sec- -

the Southern soil in providing food roads to charge all they thought the tion. He estimated that the popula- The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular; R.

and fruit for the human race. This traffic would stand. They have over- tion in a section of country ten miles Offers to Shippers

was demonstrated last year when tens done it, and are pretty thoroughly square has doubled in the past two The Shortest and Quickest Route

of thousands of bushels of tomatoes killing the goose that laid the goldenegg. years.-Gainesville Sun.

were rotting on the ground in Florida < BETWEEN
and people in Northern cities were We know that the railroad manage- Beware of Ointments for Catarrh THE EAST AND WEST. ..

paying $2.50 and $3.00 per bushel. ment deny that they carry out the pol- that Contain Mercury, With Improved Ventilated Cars this company -

The bankrupt trucker and a good icy of charging "all the traffic will As mercury will surely destroy the sense handle Is the better Orange equipped and Vegetable than ever Crops ever, and to I

many others will consider the fact that stand." We challenge any official of of smell and completely derange the whole insure close connections and prompt despatchto .
system when entering it through the mu- all Eastern and Western Markets. '!
obtained the Plant System to give a valid rea-
these companies 13,500 acres
to destination with.
cous surfaces. Such articles should never Through cars
of land for each mile of railroad they son for their classification of vegetable -.be used except on prescriptions from rep- out change or delay.

built; that it costs only one.fourth to shipments. Why are potatoes grownin I atable physicans, as the damage they will Perishable advised freight time followed various by wire and

one half as much to build a railroad in Florida charged on a basis of 6th do is ten-fold to the good you can possi- shippers! and arrival at passing destination. junction
bly derive from them. Hall's Catarrh All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -
the South as in the rocky and moun- class rates and potatoes grown outsideof .
manufactured F. J. & adjusted.
t tainous regions of the North; that, with :Florida and shipped into Florida Cure Co., ,Toledo,0.,contains by no mercury Cheney, andis See that your goods are markedvia

like transportation rates the South charged 33 per cent less ? Why is it taken internally, acting directly upon F. C. & P. R. R.

would be an inviting field for immi- so in the way of cabbage and other the blood and mucous surfaces of the sys For Information call on or address the undersigned -

t gration. The companies are using vegetables? Why is it that the Flor tem. In buying Hall's Catarrh Cure be C. E. TAYLOR: Trav. Ocala,Fla.

induce immigration ida product is taxed this additional sure you get the genuine. It is taken in- W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A'c't,Orlando, Fla.
great efforts to grown : ternally, and made in Toledo, 0., by F. G.M. HOLDEN,Trav. t, Leesburg Fla
but all success in winning new comers 33 per cent that in itself is a H. Cheney & Co. Testimonials free.JEirSold W. R. FULLER,Trav.AVt, Manager
Or N.S. PENNINGTON,Traffic ,
will be only temporary until the pro fair margin of profit? by Druggists. Price, 75c. per Jacksonville,Fla.

: ducer can reach his market with his These are facts, not supposition,and bottle. W, H. PLEAS: ANTS, General Freight Aft '




._ 0 o. _-_ _0..__ __- -- -- ---- -=----- .____ -___-0 _0 __ ".. __ _._ __

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Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower Florida can, even in the peninsula, time, generally less than three days, and that it is actually collected in I
raise a twenty-five-cent tobacco for and the result is that "car berries" commercial quantities from a dozen or
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main seven cents a pound, leaving a profitof arrive in better condition and sell for more. There are four general grades _
Street,Jacksonville.Fla. eighteen cents a pound. At six better prices than "box berries," a of rubber known to commerce, desig-
hundred pounds to the acre this would fact never before recorded. More nated the South American, the Central -I

TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION be a profit of$108. It is a curious and than that the growers have been prom- American, the African and the Asiatic,

For One Year ...............................t2.oo not altogether flattering commentaryon ised that as soon as arrangements can in the order of their value respectively.
For Six Months....................... ..... 1.00 human nature that the communities be made they will be given a throughrate The most valuable of all is the Para I
In Foreign Countries ........... ..... 3.00
"Subscriptions in all .twee cash in which grow tobacco and make spirits of five cents per quart on all cars rubber, which is procured from the
advance. No discount allowed on one's have the greatest individual wealth. l loaded with two hundred crates. Last Hevea Brasiliensis, Micranda siphon-
own subscription(except in a club), but to ..... year the rate was ten cents per quart; oides, and several other trees, whichare
be all allowed agents a on liberal all subscriptions cash commission obtained will One of the greatest uses to which this year so far it has been eight tapped indiscriminately by the

by them. Write for terms. the Roentgen X-rays could be put cents. If the above rate can be se- native rubber collectors.The .
To every new subscriber we will send, would be to inspect eggs in the mar cured in season it will enable our first-named tree is a splendid
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden ket. Some farmers seem to think that growers to compete with Charlestonfor grower, reaching sixty feet in height.It .
ing -in Florida." For two new subscribers an eggshell was made to conceal the a week or ten days. grows in rich, alluvial soil in the
at $2.00 of each, we will send, i contents and that it matters little what Estimating the Florida acreage in Amazon valley, but chiefly by watercourses .
postpaid, a copy Moore's "Orange
Culture." the nature of the contents is, so longas strawberries at 1,200 acres, with a and does not flourish in
Rates of advertising on application. the egg will hold together until it yield of forty bushels per acre (a low swamps. It enjoys a temperature
Remittances should be made by check, reaches market. It is singular what figure), there will be 250 cars of berries reaching from 89 to 94 at noon and
postal note money order or registered vileness on the inside and what dirti-- marketed. These should bring not cooler than 73 at night. It has
letter to order of
ness on the outside men will ship, into the State $250,000. been planted in India, but was found
JI.A1lMBR.AND FRUIT GROWER. especially when they far -.- -
are going too tropical for North and Central India
Jacksonville. Fla. away. Tennessee has a clean lime- Nut Culture in the United States. but flourished in Ceylon, Malabar !
stone soil and ought to furnish handsome In the States east of the Rocky and South Burmah.

CONTENTS. eggs, but we have stood and Mountains nut culture does not seem Ceara rubber is a South American
watched case after case of eggs from to have a promising future except witha production, and ranks nearly equal in
Florida' Harvest Time-Vegetables and I i that: State unpacked, of which one lot few varieties indigenous to the locality value to the Para. It is procured from
Berries Acreage and Shipments......... 2.431 would be uniform in color and size, as the pecan in the Gulf States, the Manihot glaziovii, which is relatedto

Berearweed Crimson Clover-When'...and......How.......to....Sow.....; 244 clean and attractive, while the next, the chestnut in the Blue Ridge region, cassava, and which grows about
Questions in Budding.. ..........:........ 34 though perhaps marked by the ship the chinquapin, and a few others. thirty feet high. The trees are tapped
!' TOBACCO-Wrapper Leaf Culture........... 245 per "first quality," would be of all Either the climate is too humid or too when two years old. It grows in a
LIVE STOCK-Bone Defe< -Ick of Lime.. 24S sizes, colors and in every stage of frosty or insect enemies of the nuts or rocky or stony arid region, where the
APIARY-Bee Culture in Florida............. 246 decay. the trees themselves atmosphere is hot and
too therefore
lOULT1lYGooseRaising:for Profit............ 246 -. .. are numerous. dry;
Feeding Green Bones...................... 247 The In every locality there seem to be this is not suitable for propagation in
STATE ITEMS................................ 248 Strawberry Crop. more or less effective causes which South Florida.
Oux RURAL HOME-A Chapter on Beds; To The culmination of the strawberry prevent the successful introduction of The Central American rubber is
Wash a PiaDO...........u..u... 248 shipments was probably reached last those choice foreign nuts which i in procured chiefly from the Castilloa
The ..............
Transportation Problem
249 Saturday when bushels elastica
EDITORIAL 530 left Law- some parts of the world form such an a lofty tree with a trunk reach.
b-rry Crop Quality; Nut Culture of Eggs in; The the United Straw tey. Thirty bushels had been shipped in ortant part of the food of the hu !ins.three feet in diameter. It grows 1
States; Major Kerbey and His Rubber in from Starke, which left this placeto man race. But on the Pacific coast in the dense moist parts of the basin
Trees; True Principle in Sandy Roads... 250 be credited with about 500 bushels. nearly all varieties of nuts seem to beat of the San Juan river, where rain falls
Markets; Doing the Orange to Death...... 251 Unless the drouth is soon broken this home, nearly everything tried has nine months of the year; but this tree
Weather and Crops-Government Report; record will not be if it is flourished in that arid also like the
Profit in Lettuce..............*............ 252 surpassed region. hevea, prefers the bank
Nuggets of Farm Wisdom............ .... 253 even equaled.For There are constantly recurring in of a water course where there is a certain
Melon Plant Louse......................... 954 two or three days there was quires as to the feassibility of nut culture amount of drainage, and does not
Queries and Replies........................ 256 much apprehension among the growers in Florida, to which we have flourish in swamps.'
.. for fear there would not be a supplyof never been able to accord much en Major Kerbey says:

Weather in Jacksonville. refrigerator cars forthcoming. The couragement except in the case of the "I have seen innumerable speci
A. R. T. company have the exclusive pecan in some sections. All such in mens of the Castilloa elastica or the
Week Ending March 30. x896.li right to load refrigerator cars on the quires in general we must beg hence Central American rubber tree *

(a .tit; a. ...q. ..: F. C. & P. railway lines and their sup- forth to refer to a work with the above also a great number of the East India
DATE. p. a d.N. p. u J 0=i w ply was exhausted. For about forty- title, issued by the U. S. Departmentof variety, the botanic or scientificname
-GO -GO -)t -)t -= -)t eight hours there was some lively telegraphing Agriculture, Division of Pomology.By of which is Ficus eastica.! "
April : 66 79 5-4 2S 66 .00 done, which reached even to i the way, this publication is put Our information does not enableus
April April 6S 57 65 73 56 56 17 q 64 60 .00.00 St. Louis, and the result was that I forth under a letter of transmittal to contradict Major Kerbey, but

April April 7.--.8 68 73 80 82 61 60 20 21 72 .00 some C. F. T. and Armour cars were which gives a very meagre and wholly his statement is not supported by Pro-
70 .00
April 68 8r .56 2I 66 .00 found in Jacksonville and ordered OUt insufficient credit to the real author, fessor A. H. Curtiss, the highest
April 70 62 19 72 .00 for a Prof. H. E. botanical
--- temporary supply. Growers who Van Deman. As long authority of Florida. Twelveor
Mean........ 63 64 77 s8 19 67 .00 know the facts are well pleased at the ago as 1889 that gentleman sent out thirteen years ago he made a ser
Total T rainfall. exertions made by the railroad peopleto inquiries to numerous correspondents ies of botanical explorations on

Trace. A. J. MITCHELL, Observer. keep this, place furnished with cars. throughout the United States, and i in both coasts of South Florida, which
The unexpected size of the Florida 1892 the work was virtually ready to he has repeated in part subsequently.
A stawberry crop this season has created print, but the fund provided for printing He reports that he found no other
last week very annoying made error credit in Mr.the types a heavy drain on the shipping facilities was at that time inadequate for rubber tree but the Ficus aurea, which
us P.
J. and points from Starke the work and it occurs as far north Canaveraland
Mace with many was put by, and be as Cape
selling $17.00 worth of
peaches from down to Plant City are complaining of fore it could be published Prof. Van Charlotte Harbor, with a diameter .
two It
have been $1,700. acres. a lack of refrigerator boxes. Deman was removed from office by of trunk reaching four feet. This
The readiness with which the Secretary Morton. variety occurs only in Florida, and we
northern markets have absorbed this -- .. are not informed whether rubber can
The best practical protection against increased output at fair prices, despitethe Major Kerbey and His Rubber Trees be extracted from it or not.

frost and drouth is the fertilizer sack- financial depression, which still Major J. 0. Kerbey, ex-Consul Gen There are two species of trees, how-
not the sack itself, but its contents. A prevails, shows the permanent hold eral to Para, has had several interviews euer, which are recommended for
large, deep-grown and powerful straw. which the Florida strawberry has and articles in Florida artificial culture, the Urceola escu-
berry plant will pump the ground like I gained for itself in popular favor, andis the subject of rubber-tree culturein paperson lento and the Ficus rubiginosa, the

a windmill, and day after day,through encouraging to the growers.In South Florida, the last of which is i ia latter of which is hardy.
. hot days and rainless nights, it will no other instance has the benefitof letter of two columns in the TropicalSun. 1 .

. continue to put forth berries which a parallel competing line from Aside from certain very transparent True Principle of Sandy Roads.
show little falling off in the size or qual- Florida to the North been so fully real estate
purposes the Our Plummets correspondent in
ity. In cold nights, too, the frost demonstrated as in the of
off may case strawberry peasonal experiences of Major Kerbey, his letter last week states the correct
cut the
outlying fruit, but deep shipments. The Southern Rail. the subject is one of great interest. practice in making roads in light t
down in the heart of the plant there is way, working in connection with the The well-informed
reader is
aware sandy soil; that is, they should be
fruit a whole hen's nest of bloom and young F. C. & P. people, has been running that rubber may be procured from below the surface rather than above

unharmed. I the refrigerator cars through i in good more than a score of trees and plants, I: it. A wet road in a clay country is




_. _. ,, ,
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2 st




t _

r:1: .
t"a muddy road but a wet road in Sweet Pepper,bu. .................._..None. THE?
Green Beans,crate.....,........ .... .50 to 1.25
Florida makes good going. The horsein Peas,crate-................. .... .50 to .75
Texas shies the but the Turnips,bunch...... .......... ........ .03 to .06
Pumpkins, each. .. .... ........ .o5 to .10
Florida horse goes straight through it. Kershaws, each.... ........ ......... .05 to .10
I ..... .... ,
Parsley,per doz. bunches 08 to .10
The Texas horse fears to be bogged Green onions,per doz. bunches........ .15 to.25 ,
down but the Florida horse knows Pepper,hot bushel,................?.None. JACK SONVIIL,.LIr.
Sage well cured,Ib...................... .25
'. that the bottom under the water is hard. Hens........ -.............-...... 30 to .35 The Oldest National Bank in the State. .
In Palatkaan tried loosters..........._.......... ... .25
experiment was once calf grown............................... .25 CHARTERED 1874.
by having a perforated water-pipe laid Turkeys, per pound,gross..II......... .10 to .12 EXTENDED, 1894.By .
D ucks........._............ ........... .35 conservative,yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for
.' along the center of the street, near the Geese. .................................. .35 to 40 strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands. solidity,.
jj surface; it kept the sand constantly New Beets, per 100 .............._ ..... .50 to .75 We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
;: Water Cress, per doz. bunches ..... 15 to .25 drafts on all parts of the world.
wet and almost as hard as the sea- Cauliflower doz...................... .7Sto 1.50 We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring that
beach Leeks per doz bunches............... .25 favors shall at aU times receive intelligent and careful attention your
.. or a pavement. Radishes, per doz.................... .10 to .20
Cucumbers,crate..... ............... i.ooto 2.00 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
Successful Refrigeration. New' Potatoes, per barrel ............ 2.00103.50
1 Spinach,per bushel.... ............ .50 President. Cashier.
Usually, as soon as the refrigeratorcar Cabbage. Florida ..... ............... 02 to .06
Wild Ducks......... ..... .......... .15 to .35 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
or box is filled up the grower is Rabbits ............................... .10
anxious to have it sent off at once. Squirrels.. ... ....................... .08 to .10
Quail ....................... .......... .J 2)
But the experienced shipper will not Doves................................. .06 THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare
t allow himself to be over persuaded in Salsify, per dozen bunches.......... 25 to .30 I

f this matter; he will hold the shipment offering a fine lot Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and 96, including a limited supply of

f until the contents are thoroughly cooledoff. New York Markets. .

Where there is ice over-head and GENUINE BOONE'S EARLY TREES AND BUDS.
Strawberries.We .
j also at one side of the fruit, in the case have had a much larger supply Also Grape Fruit, Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet, Bessie. Tangerine and
of inside common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
a car having a large
space, from Florida this week; the berries have stocks. Write for prices to .
; there will for awhile be a rapid currentof been of very irregular size and quality, 'v. XV. HAWIill S3" SONS '

air with revolving motion. The warm but generally in pretty good condition.A Georgetown Fla

i" air from the fruit will rise against few exceptionally fancy Hoffman Seedlings -
up in ice boxes sold in the weekas DAVIDSON & CO.
;.... the ice bunker, where it will be condensed early .
high as 40 cents, but we have seen no
.I and deposit moisture. The late offerings exceeding 35 cents, and at COMMISSION *> MERCHANTS.
bunker on the side will draw it in the; close they had to go at 30 cents. Of

that direction condensing it still fur- other varieties those received by refrigerator -
ther, and it will drop to the floor, togo car have shown the best average

r again through the same round. For 30 quality cents; for sales fancy of these, down have to ranged 25 cents from for Oranges, Lemons, Pineapples Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.No. .

.. an hour or two there will be a breeze average stock, with some quite ordinary 20 West Front Street, CINCINNATI, 01110.

in the top of the car almost strong going down to 20 cents. Very few of the

; enough to extinguish a candle. This freight lots in small ice boxes have exceeded 300 ACRES IN NURSERY. O ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. 0 38TH YEAR.

,4. eats up ice very rapidly, and soon the extra fine 25 cents from,northerly although stations rare lots have of

supply in the bunkers will have to be been: placed at a slight premium. Manyof FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.

replenished. If one could be certain the berries have shown lack of size

.. that the reicing would be attended to and color, and a large part of them have Plants.Oriental Grape Pears Vines Japan, etc.Plums Rare on Harianna Con erae,Stocks Broad Japan Leaved Persimmons Evergreens Giant Camelias Loquat? 50.000, Strawberry Palms

on the way north, the car might be allowed had to go at about 20 cents with very 10,000 Camphor and Cinnamon trees,Roses. The Greenhouse Department is Ihe largest andmost
small and ranging lower. Open complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to South-
.- to travel while this cooling pro- green em horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta, Ga. No Agents.
crates by express have been in pretty I
cess is going on. But, unfortunately, good condition this week, and have sold

this is by no means certainty.. If, about even with ice boxes.
PIttsburg Market. SOMERS
then, the car is detained at home until Potatoes. BROTHER & CO.

r the cooling is fully accomplished and Floridanew, prime,5.00 to 6.50;seconds, Strawberries. Florida, fancy, per quart, PITTSBURGH, PA.

,- the bunkers are refilled, the car can be 3.00 to 4.00. Bermuda, prime new, 6.00 : 30 to S'xj.' ; ordinary, 15 to 25c. Tomatoes, Fruits and Produce
to 7.50; second crop, 5.50 to 7.00; seconds fancy Florida, per carrier, 3.00 to 4.00;
sent off with a feeling of comparative Receive and sell in car load Iota and imaller
4.00. to 5.00. Yellow sweets, Vine- ordinary, 1.00 to 1.50. Head Lettuce, per quantities all Products of the Orchard.Oarderi .
i indifference as to whether it is reiced land, fancy, 3.50 to 5.00; Jersey, poor to bushel basket, 50 to 75c.; half bbl. basket Dairy,Hennery and Farm.

on the way or not. Cars thoroughly good, 1.50 to 2.50; Yams, Southern, 75c. Cucumbers, Southern per dozen, Send for oar little book"Sune tioIw to Shippers,"Xirket
:o 50c. to 1.00, New Beans, Green box Reports,Special Reference.,Stencil.,etc.,all free.
cooled off in Lawtey, and then reiced 1.00 to 2.00. per Inquiries and Correspondence Invited.
2.50 to 3.00. Wax, 3.00 to 5.00. New
t. before they are started, have reached Vegetables.
Green Peas, 1.50 to 2.50. Egg Plants,
New York in three days with a fair Imports for the week-Bermuda, 14,068 Florida, fancy, 2.50 to 3.50. Cauliflower,

supply of ice still in the bunkers. crates ouions and 1,346 crates various; California, per case, 3.00 to 4.00. New Bradley Redf dd. Eugene B. RedJUld.

T Havana, 2,366 crates onions, and 440 Cabbage, per crate, 2.50 to 2.75. Pineap- ESTABLISHED 1871.

I crates various; Nassau, 871 crates toma- ples, per dozen, 2.00 to 3.00. New pota-

Markets.JACKSONVILLE toes.Receipts toes, Bermuda, Chilli, per bbl., 7.00 to REOFIELD & SON,
.l from the South include-Old 7.50; Rose, 6.00 to 6.50; Southern Peer- Commission MerchantsAND
Dominion line, 4,600 barrels kale and less, 4.00 to 5.00; Southern Rose, 4.00 to

FLA., April 17. 12,700 barrels spinach; Savannah line, 5.00. New Onions, per box, 1.50 to 1.60; -

j FRUITS AND PRODUCE. 7,750 crates cabbage, and 5I00cratea other Havana, 1.25 to 1.40.

Corrected by Marx Bros. vegetables; Pennsylvania Railroad, 8,500 SoMERS, BRO. & Co. Fruit Auctioneers,
; These are average quotations. Extra choice packages.Receipts.
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor domestic onions for the week ..It. 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, fa.

lots Strawberries sell lower.per quart............... .o to .15 have been 4,486 barrels. St. Louis Market. We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables
Lemons, Messina, DOZ........ ........ 3.00 Beets, Florida, per crate, 50c. to 1.00; Strawberries in but either at private sale(which has heretofore been
Apples.bbl..... ..... ..............4-75 to 5.00 Florida and Charleston 100 bunches very good supply, our custom)or by the auction system (recently
r English Peas, dried,bu.... ...... .... 1.50 per steady. Texas sold at 2.00 to 5.00 for 6- added to our business)as you i :may desire.
Peas, Clay, bushel........... ....... 1.25Whippoorwm 2.50 to 5.00; Bermuda, per crate, 75c. to gal case; Florida, 20 to 30c per quart;
II .................. 1.25 1.00. Cauliflower, Florida, per basket, Louisiana at 2.25 to 2.50
Lady.........._................ 1.75 3.00 to 4.00; per case, 2.00 to 3.50. Car per 3-gal case; .
.. Blackeye........................ 1.50 Mississippi, 2.00 per 3-gal case. Pineapples -
t Browneye..... ................ 1.25 rots, Florida and Charleston,per hundred -Havana sell at 2.50 to 3.50 per doz.
.. Cocoanuts.... ... .............. 3.7 bunches, 3.00 to 5.00. Cabbage, Florida, Tomatoes-Florida in fair demand at QUICK WORK
brand...... .............
I. Peanuts best 05 to .05}$ 2.00 to 2.50. Celery,fancy,large,per dozen for ,
3.25 to 3.50 6-basket crate choice.
Florida (wanted), each...... .06 to .08 per
Potatoes,New York bbl..... ........ 1.25II stalks, 75c. to 1.00. Eggplant, Florida and Cabbage steady-Texas, 1.75 to 1.80per In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
sacks ...................... 1.00New Havana, per box, 1.50 to 3.50. Lettuce, crate; Florida, 2.00 to 2.10 per crate. etables GIVE GOODS shipped SENT to us US is our BY motto.GROWERS WK
York Seed Potatoes- New Orleans, per barrel, 2.00 to 3.50;
Early Rose......h............... 1.35 half-barrel basket String Beans-Florida sold at 2.50 to FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
Hebron....... .... ............!.. 1.35 Florida, per 1.00 to 2.75 per bus box. CucumbersLouisianasell BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
.. ..........: 2.00 Charleston bushel basket 50c. our 40 years experience: without default-
4 Peerless....... .. 1.35 ; per at 35c to 1.00 per dozen. Celery- dollar.
Dakota Red ...................... 1.35 to 60c ; Norfolk 50c. Onions, Bermuda, ing a financial Enquire as to our standingand
Chill Red.......... ............... 1-35 crate 1.50 Havana 1.15 to 1.30. demand very good; California, 75 to 1.00 merchants having stability mercantile which any bank or
per ; reports can
Ten-barrel lots, ioc.less. per doz; New Orleans, 40 to 50c. Let-
Yellow Onions bbl.. ................. 2- Peas, green, Florida, per basket, 1.50 to tuce-Louisiana dull at 2.00 to 2.50 per verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
Red Onions, sacks... ......n.n..... 200 3.50; per crate, 1.00 to 3.00. String beans, bbl. New Potatoes choice Florida sala- for Stencil and
RIP........_X1...........__. .-- .11 to .12 Florida, wax, 2.00 to 3.50; green, 1.00 to ble at 1.85 per bus box; New Orleans, your cards name free. Letters our quotations.promptly answered.

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. 3.00. Squash, Florida, white, per crate, 4.50 to 5.50 per bbl.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. 1.75 to 2.00. Tomatoes, Florida, per car- P. M. KElLY & Co. FRENCH .& CO.,
Yellow Yams bush. ........ .......... .3to -35 rier 1.50 to 3.50 crate, 1.50 to 3.00
Sweet Potatoes, ...................... .30 ; per 116 Warren Stf New York.
Hubbard squash, bbl.................. 1.5 Key West, per carrier, 1.00 to 3.00; per
Lettuce, dOL.....................?...... ,o6 to .10 peck box,25 to 40c.; Havana, per carrier, FOR COUGHS ASTHMA AND THROAT DIS- ESTABLISHED 1855:
Celery ................. ........??. .20 to .35 1.00 to 2.50. i' ORDERS, use: "Brorcn' Bronchial Troches" .
Egg Plants bbl.......................3.00104.00 i i in boxes. Avoid imitations.
Tomatoes, crates, ...__...............i.ootoi.jo FRENCH & Co. Sold only


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r -




WEATHER AND OROP3. until the past two weeks. Now dry up. Heavy shipment of English peas

and warm and lowlands being planted. going forward. Rain last night needed

For week ending April 13th. Corn mostly planted and cotton plant- and appreciated.-W. B. Knight Oranges

Precipitation ing well along. Prospect for peaches Georgiana Very dry. Small plants

The salient features of the week are I good. Pears blighting.-G. A. Danly. and trees suffering for want of rain.- ,

indicated by a marked deficiency in DeFuniak Springs Weather good. Rev. J. H. White. are heavy feeders of Potash.

t No rain. All crops doing well. Peach Orange Potash marked influence
precipitation taking the State! as a City-Gardens needingrain. exerts a

whole with the temperature very prospect good.-I. T. Stubbs. Groves are gaining, but rain on the quality and quantity
Sneads-Corn up; cotton about wonld them much.
generally btlow the normal. The help very
of the fruit. Florida soils
planted; good rain on 1St; farm work Strawberries The
nights,have been unusually cool, and plentiful. general
this, in conjunction with fresh easterly progressing nicely. Gardens looking outlook. favorable.-S. M. Moore. being largely deficient in Pot

wind!, caused; not only rapid evaporation well.-C. I. Jenkins. Oviedo-Slight shower on Saturday; ash, a heavy application of a

. but was injurious in many in- Pensacola-Fine week for general first in two weeks. Ground getting fertilizer containing not less

stances. The absence of necessary farm work. Crops needing showers. dry. Corn is looking well now, but than ofActual
moisture has retarded germinationand Pear blight early and shows a bold can't stand many more days without 12%

delayed the natural growth of all front. Crop will be cut very short. damage.J. J. Birch.

crops. I New potatoes and English peas in Sutherland Weather clear and Potashshould

Light and scattering showed fell on market. Strawberries abundant.- Fair, but dry and warm. Needing rain

the 8th, loth and 11th, and were ben- Thos. McMillan. badly, but crops are growing very be made. The best

eficial. The area visited, however, :Milton-Beautiful weather and farmers well.-Hartley. groves in tjie state will bear

' was so limited that the rain was of have planted everything. Blightis Center Hill-Drouth continues and testimony to these facts.Our .

little consequence, excepting sectionsof fearful among LeConte pears. Gar- crops are beginning to suffer. Potato .

+ the Southern District, where, on dens look fine. Peaches shedding.G. .- crop being gathered and shows was special pamphlets fertilizers are,but not are advertising practical''circu1ars works,contain.boomIng

the 9th, very heavy: rain fell. Even W. Curtis. cut short by dry weather. Tomatoes in;latest researches on the subject of fertilization,and
farmers. free for
are really helpful to They are sent
: this Inter district was not generally : Chairs-\Veather good. Condition doing well.-W. H. Howell. the asking *

favored with moisture, the need of and progress of crops very good.J.H. Eustis Dry and at times warm in i x GERMAN 93 KALI Nassau WORKS St.,New,York.

i which like other districts, is very gent Patterson. the sun. Want of rain is much felt. I

. eraly; demanded. Along the coast Bradfordville-A favorable week. No heavy dews to make it up. Orange

dis'i: : ict precis i. ication was more copious All crops doing fairly well. Cotton trees making fine growth, but not so DRAYER11k

and uniform! and the fruit and vegetable planting progressing. Pears blighting with small stuff.-H. W. 0. :Margary.

interests contigous thereto give badlY.-John Bradford.WaukeenahNo Frostproof-Very dry. Gardens

evidence of marked improvement. rain this week; and crops without irrigation suffering.Fred I GALVANIZED, $4.00 J

Temperature continuous cold at night. Pears all W. Porter. SOLID COPPER, $6.50
You ill Want this Catalog.AlllmprovementaAutOe.
killed at this place. Peaches seem to Fort l\Ieade-All crops are growing
During; the first three days of the ,
r i ,,week the temperature ranged from be safe. Corn, cotton and pindars slowly for want of rain. Days warm matic Agitator etc. Wills
3 '
cannot until it rains.-J. B. and the have been spray trees 20 ft. high. We
come cool.
up nights -J.
btlow the the manufacturers -
to 7 degrees : normal gradually .", are largest
Roach. Thomson. I L and sell the most. We
rising, and at the close of the i. J..r" are the originators of low

e week being about normal. The sky Northern District: Southern District: -. fN.prices Just In send Knapsack for our Spray-Illust

was generally fair, which augmentedthe Switzerland-Farmers very busy Agents Wanted. catalog. never mind stamp.
Avon Park Weather but little
loss of moisture. planting corn and sweet pottatoes.All dry; LOOX SPBATEB CO.f .West St. Pittsfleld,Hau.
rain within three weeks, and cropsare
suffering for rain. Orangetrees
C'.NDITION OF CROPS. crops beginning to feel the drouth.
Activity was general ia all farm growing thriftily and look promis- Work of
. restoring orange groves going in
ing. Great grafts into un- Right Sight
work, and cotton is about planted, many forward. Tomatoes ripening small
with corn doing nicely. The first sprouted stumps.-'V. C. Steele. because of drouth. Weather hardlywarm Sure Saving ShownWell
Ellaville-Cotton orderof
roasting ears of the season made their enough for 0. R.
the Corn corn.- send you our General Catalogue
day. being replanted.
appearance during the past few days, Thacher. and Buyers Guide, if yot
Gardens look fine. A showeron
. having been shipped from southern good J Jupiter The plentiful rainfall ot send us 15 cents in stamps. Tha

counties. Cotton is not coming up as the 9th. Cabbage being trans- the 9th freshened up pineapples, turn- pays part postage or expressage, ant
H. Lammons.
off idlers.
well as couM' be desired, and unless planted.-J. ing the leaves green once more that keeps
It's of Honest Values
Archer-Fruit a
good except -
M early rains are had, it is feared the prospects had become W.
the quite yellow.-J. Full of important information ni
blight having injured
stand will be poor, particularly that pears, Cronk.Ft. matter where you buy. 700 Pages
planted during the past week. The them seriously. All crops need rain Myers.-Pleasant week. Citrus 12,000 illustrations: tells of 40,001 '.
very much.-W. C. Andruss. articles and right price of each. On
staple is still being planted over sec- family pushing ahead nicely. Orangetrees
:Macclenny The past week rather profit only between maker and uses
tions of the and northern
western a long time in bloom this .
year. Get it.MONTGOMERY
dry. Crops not coming well especially ,
up ,
districts. Same sections have
. begunreplanting In gardens there are the various vege- WARD & CO.,
corn, where stands and cotton; peas, pindars, pota- tables-beans, beets, tomatoes, cab- 111-116 Michigan Ave., Chlcagc!
toes now being planted. Fruit
growth were unsatisfactory. As a crop bage, etc.-M. M. Gardner. a
doing finely, except pears.-H. L.
rule, however, the crop is being 4 tit

worked. Vegetables are generally Reed. Profit in Lettuce. i,
Central District: : : : $
satisfactory, and melons making good
Clermont-Rain This will be the most successful year
progress. Complaints of "blight"thus badly needed; tomatoes
in section in the history of truck farming in this .
early pear portend suffering on account of drouth. !

no good to a satisfactory crop. The The crop is still promising.-Dr. JohnB. vicinity, and some of the farmers who ; *.*&$%**_ ___ ...." ... ..;r_;,..

damage: thus far seems to be slight, and Rosenburg. were compelled to borrow money WE DIVIDE THE WORLDInto
with which to purchase fertilizer will
confined to a limited territory. The Earnestville-Weather still dry, but
have fortunes three classes. Those who will have the bestThose
oat cr p is very promising. The cold the cooler days seem to help corn. independent when the who want the best, and those who don't care
season shall be at an end. The success so It's cheap. The first always buy Page fence,the
of month Irish
weather during first caused maturing much too
potatoes second moat always, and the third buy one of the
peaches to drop. Farm work was soon. Strawberries still doing well.- of the farmer this year is due to many substitutes.

retarded by excessive rains in Washington J. B. DobelL two causes-the lesson taught by the PAGEWOVEN. WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian,Mich.
freeze of 1895, which caused of
county during the spring, andas Orlando-Nora in since last many
report, them to cover their lettuce and Dr. E. A. of Quitman has .
a result low lands received little attention :and advices from all sections crop; Jelks a
previous to the past two weeks. field and truck crops suffering. Or- the comparatively small acreage of seven-acre hammock grove at Oveido

Some counties in the central district i trees doing well notwithstanding cabbage.The from which conservative judges esti
ange most successful so far has he will boxes of
crop mate
report conditions as serious. Cotton unfavorable conditions.J. M. Rice. get 500 orangesnext
from been lettuce, and surprising results winter.-Orlando Reporter.
and tobacco dying lack of mois-
Buda-Still dry. Crops suffered been made
have by nearly farmer
t ture and vegetables suffering from the every Tiffin of
Colonel has
less owing to several partially cloudy who planted this to consider Courtenay,
same rau*e. General rains are needed any secured two and a half dozen
days. Strawberries on high land fail- able extent The this eggs
ever the S'ate; to restore interests now acreage year from his ostriches and will incubate
ures for want of rain, and growth of! has been four times as great as that of
normal and
suffering to a satisfactorystatus. them.-Florida Star.
all crops retarded. Orange trees con- any previous year, but the enormous

tinue to grow. Considerable budding yield seems to have had no effect on There is a probability that Chicago

CORRESPONDENTS' REMARKS. being don .-Proctor. market prices. One peculiarity about parties will erect at Eden or Jensen a

-Western District: Lake City-All farm work progress- the lettuce crop is that only two mar- factory for making pineapple cordial

i Chi lcy-Too wet all the spring ing. Major part of corn and cotton kets are open to it-New York and and flavoring extracts.

----- -

d ,. ---.- - .. .' .
-- --- '
-- --

"-;.,.- ,. -. T'V, .......--" --"""" #._ "- _. ... _. .r ._- ..... ,. .. ......_,.,-. .. j' . ,:,""or"J .,:- .__
t .

1 .
J 1f


f .
jsg& ,. Tfifi> 1'toRmA! 1i''.A1't1t1t AND l t1tM1tOWU. 253
-- -

Philadelphia. It is a vegetable that It is high time the United States pro JOHN L. MARVIN,

demands a cultivated market, and duced as many eggs as it consumes, but President.H. .
it does notLimit
r' good prices were obtained in New Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
; York and Philadelphia, only after the cotton crop to 7,000,000 bales CHPITflll $100,000.JACKSONVILLE .
this year if you wish 10 cent cotton.
work on the part of the commission

4 merchants. Lettuce can be long Floridians staple cotton.are increasing Is there the any acreage dangerof of THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK

grown at various seasons of the year. an over production of the Sea Island
The first crop was planted last Sep- article ? A duty should be placed on the ,

tember, and the first shipments were Egyptian cotton.. FLORIDA,

made about the latter part: of December There is more sugar in cane grown on solicits
espeetfolly Deposits Collections and Genera
you ,
1 or the first of January.The sandy pine lands than in hammock, and .
more nutriment in forage grown on up- Bonking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
shipments were light at first, lands than on bottoms.If -

but they gradually increased till they you have a sick chicken kill it be- INVIT D.
reached about 3,000 baskets per week fore you have more sick chickens.
from this city. The sales have aver- People of little experience should not DIRECTORSt

. : aged $2.75 net, and the shippers here attempt to set trees after they have begunto John L. Marvin A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin,
estimate that an average of 250 crates grow. A skilled nurseryman can H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby Judge R. B. Archibald,
of lettuce have been shipped from plant a tree successfully at any time. Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
Maryland tomatoes (canned) are sold Or' H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldffe.
r Gainesville every day since January in Florida, while tens of thousands of
: ist to the present time, and about bushels grown in that State rot on the
$66,000 at the lowest estimate, has ground.It KAFFIR SEED CORN FOR SALE
I been distributed
among growers is an objection to the use of chemi-
in this vicinity. Most of that sum cal fertilizers alone that they add no humus BRAISED HERE IN FLORIDA.
has been received about to the soil and in
by seven growers an argument I raised fifteen
to twenty thousand grains rud ever to the one grain planted, and saved the
who have raised thebulk of the stable manures that they add humus- CIIOICEST HEADS FOR SEED. This is not the misers' le so:gn.broom-corn trash that ha. turn
the latter leaving the ground richer and palmed off through catalogues heretofore on us Miokerbut I WILL WAP RANT KV RY t-F.Ki>
the former
crop.The yield of lettuce has been heavy. more porous, poorer and Plant from nuw till in July,and raise double the n>in and fod>.er that S ou taD fr- many ether
harder.If crop. I will send enough seed, prepaid of either variety p ant one acr fur 81tv acres,
About 300 baskets is the average yield road dirt is impregnated with kero- SI.75; four acres, 93.
per acre. It costs about 30 cents per sene and sprinkled on melon and squash
t basket to grow lettuce, and load it plants the bugs will leave. MANNVILLE, FLA.

i' upon the cars for market. About two- Pear blight, Mr. Stringfellow asserts, . iiHE'S
fifths of that amount is for fertilizer, in Farm and :Ranch, is caused by bacte-

and the remainder is for labor, the cost. ria. His remedy, pruning when the tree WHY ?

t: of the basket, drainage, etc. The is growing the trees, and in keeping grass, causing the ground the sur-under s si si sm sAND:

cost of transportation to New York, face roots to go downward. There will
t 71 cents, makes the expense of placing be many doubters of both cause and

; a crop upon market, $1.01. To net remedy.
.: the growers $2.75, the average sale of Only 68 per cent of the beans consumedin \ :
s, lettuce this year has been $3.76 per the United States ate grown here. I OIi\T.G The bicycle only weighs from 10 to 23 Ibs.,
Beans grow well in the South. They : 1
crate. This crop is going forward at might be grown in every field of corn in but lIe wants the best it doesn't break down,

t the rate of two and three carloads per the South without harm to the corn. you know. Then, again,
day, which is greater than has been Baked pork and beans are one of the most
1 known at any other time during the nutritions and digestible foods the Southern '
farmer can eat. Plant beans. Grow i
\-l season.--Citizen.. -- pork. ICIC He Thinks of Selling Bicycles,

( Only one-tenth of Cuba sugar had been
of Farm
Nuggets received at Havana the 20th of February
, ..' and he wants something that is .1C5
that is usually received to that date daysahead
[In these will be found condensed into a up
few lines the substance of whole columns of information which makes a good prospect for cane D i of them all," BO he buys a IiE.\TIXG.
pertaining to the farm, the garden, and sugar beet growers in the United ICIT
the hold dairy]. the poultry yard and the house- States.

A bounty on sugar would open up By the new process of baling cotton a
many new cane fields in the South and bale weighing 500 pounds, measures only : IF YOU mm( hOOD IDEAS
; f sugar beet fields all over the land, That 2x3 feet.
; .' $125,000,000 paid for foreign sugar shouldbe On all soils, and especially on sandy

paid to American workmen. soils, potash is needed. It is the heightof you'll follow his and buy a KEAT1XG. A
'T No practical method of securing or- unwisdom to use either stable manure,
ange groves from injury by frost has yet or do green manuring without it. So says Postal, Uncle Sam's aid, and you have our

been discovered. If there was, there the Country Gentleman. And the con- IC Catalogue.KEATING.
would be too many oranges. verse is true, that it is an extravagant
. .
method of to the chemical .4I
The decrease in value of sheep and fertilizing use
wool the past three years has been fertilizers without humus in the soil.
greater in the United States than the en- Nitrate of soda is the cheapest form of : WHEEL CO.
tire value of all the sheep in the country available nitrogen containing 15} percentof ,

three years ago. pure nitrogen or 320 pounds to the HOLYOKE MASS
l All clay land is improved by subsoil- ton, and at 17 cents per pound is worth
; commercially $52.
ing. Do not be deceived claims of 40 T0-DATE"
Eighty-five per cent of the growth of by per
I I .; trees is between midnight and six o'clock cent actual potash in hardwood ashes. Pumps
j in the morning. From noon to six p. m, They seldom contain over 5 per cent and ri-iir.
there is no growth. So says E. H. are worth from $10 to $15 per ton. I
Thompson, government entomologist of Painting the trunks of peach trees from Dtllvtred Exprttor Ff'dght-Pre
Tasmania.In the roots to the branches with a mixture t Latest improved, all-brass pumps-warranted for three years.
of white lead paint and carbolic acid I = Over '75,000 in use. Endorsed by leading Kntomolof You DlOBn'back
the average Southern garden one is < if pump doesn't lift absolute satisfaction Prices to fit the
more struck with what he does not, than once a year is said to be the best pre- times. niuitrtted CtUlofae,Spray C.lr1ir,aDd Treitlte*a gpnjtnf-til B.lk>4 trtt.
what he does find. "A few cabbages, ventive of the peach tree borer. Agents wanted. f. C. LEWIS:\ JUHFACTf C,.,Its 3 Catiiffl,I.T.
,., turnips and radishes is all I want of a Dudley W. Adams' groves have not -- -- -.- -- -- -
garden said an extensive Southern been plowed for eight year, His habitis
.. planter to the writer.A to fertilize the middles and cut down cording to the German standard of valuation When Northern farmers are substituting
than timothy hay, and still Southern cow peas for duvt'r, f. r fodder and
large irrigating plant to one who has the growth of grass and weed and let it
farmers pay $20 to $25 a ton for the soil renovation it t thould! set the Southern
not a plenty of money and brains to use decay on the ground, cultivating six feet
from the tree fire. timothy, while there is no land that will farmer to thinking hard. It is now es-
it, is a white elephant. as a precaution against
bud not grow abundant crops of the latter. tablished that eie n cow JH a yinc-a are
He will not the sweet seedling
Does root rot knot hinder the
or root good milk produ-J1', and desinule for
I growth of a tree? Is it a disease or a sprouts nor fertilize them this year. Too little attention to the growing of soiling and ensilage, as well as u.ake the
I ,spongy nutriment absorbent? It is The cotton boll worm is the principal beans in the South, and they are too lit- best of hay. Southern Ruralist!
I ., sometimes discovered on otherwise most enemy of the tomato. The moat effective tle used as an article of food. They are ..a .--
J healthy and prolific trees. remedy is to plant a hill of sweet the cheapest and best food. a Southern The colonists who recently! settledin
; The best to make cider is corn every fifth hill of the tomato, and in farmer can raise.
way vinegar
Cay Florida a ill probably -
l to add to the cider about one-fourth every fifth row. Friend Painter is one ahead of Irl county, ,
I as much vinegar and stir occasionally for Pea vine and beggarweed hay is of 50 Hicks on his weather guesses for the engage extensively in the cultivation : -

, a few weeks. percent more value commercially ac- winter of 18956. ot tobacco.--

".-- ,-'- -- -.. .- --' < .

#- -;'! ..... "'""'" '" .-- .
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: .':. ....
f' -


Melon Plant Louse. CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.
add four
gallons of cold water, pour-

Professor H. J. Webber's article on ing it in rather slowly, with short in- PURE-BLOOD superior POLAND-CHINA lot grades br d PIGS from

this subject, in the proceedings of the tervals between to avoid chilling the RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, cross of Berkshire and Chester White. J. B.

State Horticultural Society, has a mixture too suddenly. When all the one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents Noth- SILVIS, Tallahassee, Fla. 4-n-3T

value and interest. is ing taken for less than 25 cents. >EGGARAVEED SEED, 6c. per pound;
timely water added boil then
bring to a Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- JL> forty pounds and over,50.; by mail,Isc. W.
The most serious disease with which pour out the hot solution, straining paid. H. MANN, Mannville, Fla. 4-11-6

the melon grower of Florida (or the through a coarse cloth, adding suffi- Initials Send no and stamps figures larger count than as two one cents.word. BUDWOOD.-GRAPEFRU1T and PAR-

South) has to contend is that pro- cient water to make five gallons of the ; 85 per
GRASS (P ASI'A LUlU I'LA- thousand. Also young orange trees. H. HAR
duced by the plant louse (aphis Gos- solution. This, if correctly made, formsa LOUISIANA), grass for lawns and permanent BISON, Dade City, Fla. 4-4-3

sypii). This is a small bug thick solution of dark brown pastures. Sets, $t.5o per 1,000, by express; fifty
green a
syrup cents per hundred,postage paid. W.II. POWERS, Your cele (fly?) about tbe sixteenth of an inch translucent color, which may be keptas Lawtey, Fla.DEVON ROSES free ED. NIXON, Chatta-

long, which infests the lower surfaceof a stock preparation. For use dilute BEST GENERAL PURPOSECow nooga, Tennessee. 3-28-4

the melon leaves. Sometimes theyare the whole mixture to fifty gallons, or I for the South. Easiest kept BUDWOOD.--EIGIITY THOUSAND
CATTLE. and safest to acclimate. Also Essex; Michael King,
in great numbers and thickly cover in the proportion of one part of the Swine ROSELAND PLANTATION, Tangerine and Pomelo. J. W. & F. D. WAITE,

the lower surface of the leaves. If stock solution to nine parts of water. Bainbridge, Georgia. it Magnolia Grove and Nurseries, Belleview 3-28-tf, Fla.

only a few occur on the leaf they will Always thoroughly stir the stock solu- 'XT i ANT class E IJ.--A FEW ACRES FIRST-
frost-prooflaod for raising
usually be found on or near the mid- tion before measuring out to dilute. or young bearing grove. location, south oranges of FOR SALE Suckers-,-S3 IMPERIAL: per 100,840 DWARF per 1000,

rib, or some large lateral vein of the The cost of this wash, based on prices Tampa.LILIENBERG with good, 150 shipping Broadway facilities.N. New York. City. f.Rockledge o. b.\ cash, Fla.with ordtr. H. H. WILKINSON,

leaf, which somewhat conceals and quoted by Jacksonville and New York 4-11-3REASONER 3-21-3111.

protects them. The leaves are variously firms, is only one-sixth of a cent per 17'ANTED..POSITION AS WORKING

curled and contorted by the action gallon for the diluted solution. The e '' rr4 Send for Annual Descriptive one Y V child.Housekeeper The country, by middle-aged preferred. References lady with ,

of the pest, and the vitality and mixing of the formula for five gallons .r r 's' newly issued CATALOGUE and revised. given. Address THIS OFFICE. 3-14-tf.

productiveness of the plant are frequently of the stock solution as above usually 9 It contains everything
needed the Horticulturist
reduced. The pest some- requires about twenty.five minutes. r 1 and plant-lover.I STRAWBERRY good runners. I have 100-
times entire Much time PLANTS and TREES for 000 Alabama Newmans and 5 000 Clouds
runs through an patch be saved
by mixing a
may + Orchard, Window, Lawn cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS, Lawtey,
and if unchecked will almost totally large quantity at once. The materialsfor 2 ,,y j r or Greenhouse.select Largestspf' from Florida. 3-7-4

t, destroy it. It is not only the melon preparing this wash may be obtained rnlleetioouthn HAY PRESS, CHEAP

growers of Florida that suffer from in small quantities in any town, BROTHERS ONECO; FLA. FIRST-CLASS exchange for orange nursery
trees. WILLIAMS &
HUBBARD Crescent
this pest, but also those of Georgia, but retail prices are too high if it is to : Florida. 3-7-City 7BUDWOOD ,

South Carolina and all Southern be used extensively. The resin com- A FRRYA.
FOR SALE--Drake Point
States. pound, when diluted ready for application is the time to ordtr and be

This same plant louse attacks also forms a dirty, brownish, white SEEDS ready for the first flow of sap. Get it from bud-
ded, bearing trees, fifteen to eighteen; years old.
.. a number of other plants, among mixture. It should be applied to Perfi-ct sertla grow The following varieties on hand : Parson Brown,
I paying crops. Perfect seedS Harris, Cunningham, Pha res, Sanford's Mediter-
which be mentioned fine
may cotton and plants as a The handiest
spray. Fare notgrown hy cliunce. Notu- ranean.Jaffa, Riverside Navel, Drake Star. We
the orange. On the orange they infest apparatus for making the applicationis tug isever left to ci.uiice III :toW- also have a limited supply of large Grapefruitbuds.
!log "'ern''''!SeiMli Dfalersstll Prices of above vanetiest $5 per thousandor
the under side of the leaves of young a knapsack spray pump with a ver- 1 them everywhere. Write for 75 cents per hundred, delivered. Address

E. tender shoots and water sprouts, some morel nozzle. The spray should not FERRY'S DRAKE Florida POINT GROVE, Yalaha, Lake County.

times causing considerable damage.On be thrown down onto plants, as this SEED ANNUAL 2-15-3111
cotton and the the will not hit the The nozzle FOR SALE.-TIIE HOME PLACE OF
orange, remedy pests. for H U6. Brimful of valuable tk H. Turnley, at Lake Weir, Fla. Five-room
here given for its treatment on the must be turned on one side, giving the Information aljuut beat and newest cottage, stables etc., all in good repair. Addressor
.. BIl0d8.o'ne: by mail. call on JOHN L. CARNEY, Lake Weir, Fla.
melon will answer equally well. I have spray a horizontal direction, turns the D. M. FERRY & CO., 2-22-10

made a number of experiments in leaves and saturates the lower surfaces I Detroit. Mich.
SALE for cash time or trade orange groves,
treating this pest at Eustis, Grand Is- where the little pests are located. The and timber lands. JJ. RUMLEY, Keuka,

land, Gainesville and Ocala, and have plant louse, to be killled, must be thor- Fla. 3-n-l6t }

found a resin compound spray made oughly wetted. SEND DESCRIPTION AND PRICE OF
for sale or exchange to L. W. KER-
from resin and sal soda to be effectivein All truck gardeners should have aI I VAN, 30 West Twenty-ninth street, New York,
combatting it. This is cheap, easily 'd lorida Flonda Real Estate and Exchange Office. 2-22-8 ;\
knapsack and it would be
: spray pump,
made, handy and effective, and if one Lan s T'OR; SALE, 100,000 CHOICE TOMATO
well to keep the material on hand for
unfortunate in bothered with Plants,Livingston's Beauty mostly, at $1.00
; preparing this swray, as it is also a per thousand, f.o. b. Plants six to twelve inches
the melon louse, they cannot com- Orangesorts high. Cash with order. THE ELOISB FRUIT
I good remedy for the red spider and VEGETABLE Winter
AND Co., Haven, Fla. tf
plain longer of the lack of a remedy.The certain scale insects.Haymaking .
combination of sal soda and BUDWoon.-SEND IN YOUR ORDERS
delivery. Jaffa, Centennial,
resin to form a resin compound, was Hart's Tardiff, Meditteranean Sweet, Maltese
first called to my attention by the late in Florida used to be I nvestments Blood, lIomosassa, Majorca, Nonpareil, and Navel -
,are $5.00 per 1,000, or 750 per 100; Dancy
R.V.. Pierce of Indian Springs, a considered almost out of the question, Tangerine, Satsuma, Amory's Blood, Pierce's

member of this society, who was at and yet the last few years has demon- .Developments los Ruby, and DuRoi Eureka Blood, Sicily Royal, and Genoa Improved and Lamb's Pome-

one time engaged in the manufacture of strated the fact that it is a very profit- Lemons are 37.50 per 1,000. delivered. Budwood
guaranteed free from White Fly, and true to
soap. Hearing my paper on the white able crop. Taking the figures as fur attractions name. W. K. TRIMBLE, Braidentown, Manatee

fly read before the society last year, nished by the Florida Bureau of Agri j.... Address, County, Florida. 2-15-4 r

when the resin wash was recommendedas culture, and they show that the area G. D. ACKERLY, P XTRA CLEANED BEGGARWEEDSEED.Sow
devoted to increased from -' from six to ten pounds per acre. ;
the most effective treatment he hay
3,232 C CCMERAL PASSENCCR AGENT, Forty cents per pound, postpaid; ten pounds or !,
remembered that a sal soda resin com- acres in 1889 to 6,187 acres in 1893, over, f. o. b., twenty-five cents per pound. Write
THE TROPICALTRUNK LINE, for prices on large quantities to EXCELSIOR SEED
pound, much cheaper, was manufac- being over 91 per cent. The value of FARM, Edgar, Putnam County, Fla. 2-8-tf .
tured and might prove effective. He the product increased from $77,785 in JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA.
SALE Two Leon
county farms 4So acres
called my attention to the method of 1889 to$125,679 in 1893, or nearly 161 FOR 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and

.manufacture, and since I have experimented per cent. The average yield per acre X L THEM ALL. tobacco Fla. growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville 8-24-tf ,

with it as a spray for various for the five years represented a valueof QUALITY TELLS
pests. _I_ find_ that a spray of similar $22.17. THE BEST v Parson Brown. Stark's Seedless,
Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit,
composition has been used Mr. .
by The results for the past year we are Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
Koeble in some of his experiments in I sure are much better than in such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St. Michael,
very 1893. ITBOH5EST STEEL TOWEB. No Ion*8 to IT Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L.
Oregon and California, but it has not Many farmers for the first time made ere. Send for catalogue and prices. Duncan, Manager Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries -

been brought into general use. The more hay than they needed, and the PHELPS & BIGELOWWIND MILL CO., \i t Dunedin, Fla. 8-i-tf

formula I have found the most convenient yield per acre was surprising. Our Halaumacoe utcblgaa. ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut In
We freight. Write for late
to use and most effective in pay our
farmers should continue to take care price-list. E. W Amsden,Ormond,Fla. 7.1-tf
k combatting the melon louse, is thefollowing of the grasses after the earlier crops THE SURRENDER OF BUFFALO
: There are fifty eight head In Austin Corbia's great IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres to years set
have been in other
gathered.CourierInformant. : trees, etc.
parkin Hampshire.
The old bulls have
Resin.-.8 always For sale at a sacrifice. Address"K," The Palms,
pounds.Sal objected to separation but as usual "the Page" wand
Soda (crystaline.4) pounds. now divides them Into four Lane Park.Lake County, Fla. 4 s:-ym
Water to make................5 gallons. .. for 4}$ miles! 9 ft fence dose enough herds. to Result hold: foxes.Order MAKE ,
HENS LAY-There is like
: Place the resin and sal soda in a The contract was let last Monday PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian,Mich. A Bowler's Animal Meal. 40 tons told nothing in Flor a

r comparatively large kettle with one by the county commissioners, for the particulars ida last year., write Hundreds E. W.Amsden of testimonials., Ormond, Via For

quart of water; boil, meanwhile stirring building of the new courthouse at io-i3-tf

briskly till the resin and sal soda are Vernon, to Jasper Construction Com
LIGHT Brahma, Barred Plymouth Rock and
thoroughly melted together and form a pany of Jasper, Ala., for 8900. % Turkey Eggs for hatching,$s.oo per
frothy mixture without lumps. Now Chipley Banner. setting. Urs. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake, Via.1.16.6a.



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G. M. SORREL, Manager. itt (C '; h'1

JEST The magificent Steamships of this line are appointed. to sail as
follows :


35, North Kiver-3 P. :!I.

City of Augusta............ .................... ......................... ....Thursday, April 2.
-City of BIrmingham. ...........................................................Saturday, April 4.
Nacoochee..__..._.... ...................*..-....... ...........................Tuesday, April 7.
Kansas City..................................................... ................Thursday, April 9. -- 4't
- City of Augusta .... .................................... .... .. .......... ......Saturday, April 11. S
City of Birmingham............... .... ..................................... ...Tuesday, April 14.I I '
Nacoochee .,.... ............ .....- .......... ...................................Thursday, April 16.
Kansas City............................................................. ......Saturday, April 18. i
City of Augusta ...... .............................. ...........................Tuesday, April 21. << ,
City of ... ...............Thursday,April 23. .
Nacoochee......... .S..Saturday, April 25.
Kansas City......................................................................Tuesday,April 28.
City of Augusta.......... ........................ .. ...... ............... ....Thursday, April 30.


J f Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. Finest Cuisine and Service. No Transfers Between Jacksonville and New York.

Gate STEAMER City (passenger: and freight).....................................Saturday, March 28, 5 a.m. The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
Gate City (passenger and freight). .. .. .............. ... ................Saturday, April, 6 p. m.
Chattahoochee ((passenger and freight).......... ......................Saturday, April ir, 6 p. m. "Comanche" ( Cherokee "Seminole1
City of Macon (freight only) ......... ...................................Tuesday,April 14,3 p. rn. new), "ilgonpio, Iroquois, ,
Gate City (passenger and freight)......................... ...............Saturday, April 18, 6 p.in.
City of Macon (freight only) .............................................Saturday, April 25. 3 p. m. -
M. C. HAMMOND Agent, 13 South Third Street. NORTH BOUND.Steamers .

BOSTON TO SAVANNAH.Lewis's are appointed to sail according to the tide.

Wharf-3 P. M. From JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling Charleston). .. ...............Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays
Chattahoochee (stodping at Philadelphia)...... .................................Thursday, April Erom CHARLESTON, S. C.. .... ............ .....Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays.
Gate City (stopping Philadelphia)........ ....?...............................Thursday, April 16. For hours of sailing Line Schedule of and Charleston papers
Chattahoochee (direct to Savannah).................................... .......Thursday, April 23. see "Clyde Jacksonville daily

SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.Central Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:

((90. Meridian) Time-as below. For CHARLESTON, S. C., ........................................ ....Mondays,Wednesdays and Fr.days. '

Nacoochee............ Friday April 3,9.30 a. m. City! of Augusta ... .....Friday, April 17. 8 a. m. For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling Charleston).................Mondays.. Wednesdays and Fr daysClk'lOE'S
Kansas City....... ....Sunday,April 5, n a. m. I Cily of Birmingham..Sunday,April 19,9:30: a. m.
City of Augusta.......Tuesday, April 7. 2 p m. Nacoochee..Tuesday: April 21,' 12 noon.
' City of Tallahassee..Friday,April lo, 4 a. Kansas City. ....... .. Friday April 24,3 p. m.
. Nacoochee........... ....Sunday, April, 5 a. m.t City of Augusta ...Sunday,April 26, 4 a. m. ST. OtiT4S 1IVEt liIT4E
',! Kansas City......... .Tuesday, April 14, 6 p. City of Birmingham. Sunday, April 28,4 a. m.


, Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. Jacksonville, Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate

t ............ Landings on the St. ;Johns River.The .
Chattahoochee.....Saturday April 4. 1:30: a. Gate City. Thursday,April 23.2 p. m.
I Gate City..............Thursday, April 9,3 p.m'l I Chattahoochee.......Thursday.April 30, 7 p. m.SAVANNAH legant Iron 5ide-Wheel5teamer
Chattahoochee'''''''Thursday,April 16, 7 p.

, TO BOSTON. "Oltv of Jacksonville,*'

j Central ((90 Meridian) Time-as below. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville, Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3.80 p. m., ant<<)

t City of Macon ....Monday March 3o, 6:30 p. m'l I I City of Macon............Friday, April z4,3. m. from Sanford on Mondays Wednesdays and Saturdays at 12.50 p. m.
City of Macon.... ...Tuesday April 14, 6 a |
r_ Jacksonville Florida. Read Down. Read Up.
i C. ANDERSON AGENT. J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. AGENT, Leave 330 p. m ...... .....to............Jacksonville ............ ...... Arrive 3.30 a. m. '
- Savannah, Gs. Pier 35 North River, New York. If 8.45 P m. ................. .... Palatka................... ..... Leave 9.00 p. In.If "
3.00 a. m. flfls.................. ".._ .Astor.... ....................... .f 4.00 p. m
1 It 4.30 a m. .............. ........ st. Francis......................... 2.30p. m.
ESTABLISHED 1875. ...... .... ...... ... .......................... Beresford ..................... ..... If 1'30 p. m.
W. A. BOURS. J. B. BOURS. Arrive 8.30 a. m.. ...... ........ ..... .... Sanford............... ............ ...... h 9.00 a. m.u .
9.25 a. m.I.I.................... .... Enterprise................ ... ...... If 9.301.m.
( ...... ... .. .... I.... .... :.............So. Fla. R. R. Wharf.... ............... u 11.00 a. m.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville

A. J. COLE Paswiger Agent,5 Bowling Green New York.
; Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green New York.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager Bowling Green New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent,204 West Bay St., Jacksonville FU
w.T BAY ST., lACK ONVXJLE: PLA.. JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville Fla.
} gill ,
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents
and Most Reliable Seeds. ,
We Handle Only the Best A Oomple Stock of
11 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

i Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, -

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. FLORIDA FRUIT! EXCHANGEI

. >
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
} Pertiliier} Co. best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300m)
t. Yusert-Sllen NITRATE SODAS BOX MATBRIAL-The Exchange la fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list and terms.

Star Brand Fertilizers M.URIATE OF POTASH
( ----:OFFICERS :----
," GEO. R.FAIRBANKS, President. D. OREENLEAF Vice-president.
.. POTASH DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill, Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt .'.
: H11lsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.: Hy Crutcher Orange (A.; D. Greenleaf Duval Co.;
Orange Tree aced Vegetable KAINIT Etc, J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co.; F. d. Sam Co.:) C. V. Hillyer.
Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton Co.; M. 8.Moreman: St.
FEKTHIZEE. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Blelby volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
These Fertnizeri have no superior la the market,and A trial will convince. Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
F; lad for Catalogue free. with full packing and snipping instructions furnished on application.r r



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'' Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH- :,
; GRADE POTASH with perfect adaptability to the ;

J, requirements and_perfect mechanical condition, in
i strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot. r -
tiHF*The cheapest brand for the quality in the y ,
R i market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural 4 ti

i. Chemicals, Sulphur,etc.
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''t -The old reliable EUREKA has '
.' y ati.11 I never been ( 1'
:.. groehIt is death to the Rust Mite Red Spider,and the j "
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'III-.,..... :,q fungus ;
: Pure t'4' Is
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', :. s, Animal F l Iscertalndestru&iontotheAleyrodesCitriwhiteFlyandother( ) i' ')I '
R'.,' :. Hatter r ze rs S families of Scale, insets eriods of their development, Fatal to the J f I I Hit
1 Spiders and o ther affedting Pineapples and Vegetables, j
i till
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:" : ,>. .. Rubber Hose, Nozzles; : Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at H i TIfU-W

Manufacturers' Prices. cos


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- ,.
.. R. Moore Hammond, La.-1. Please tIe, to what height ought the sprouts to be razorback hog. Taxation without representation ber "The Speed of the Earth," in which
inform me the best time to bud the Satsuma cut at first? If it is intended to ask to was the: cause of the Revolu- you say you hope none of the readers of
on trifoliata stock, spring or summer what height the sprouts should be trim tionary war. A century later the revolu- the Ruralist are disbelievers in a God; so
; ? Either will do. med, we should say not over a foot from tionary descendants are subjected to a if you don't want me for a reader I haveno
2. Should they be budded high or low? the ground. worse tyranny. For eight years I have use for your paper, though I am una-
Low, that the bud may be easily protectedfrom 4. How many sprouts should be allowedto paid the scrub cow and razorback tax in ble to see what possible difference it can
the frost grow to preserve an equilibrium be- the shape of expensive fences, and during make to you whether your readers believein
3. Would it not be best to cut the stock tween leaf and root svstem? :Mr. Adams all that time I have been misrepresentedat God or not. The only effect such a
down now to have new wood to bud on? recommends letting all grow,but turning the blackmailer's festive board; It belief has on a man, so far as I see, is to .
Not unless the stock is If to 2 inches in i I down all but those that are intended to will be the dawn of happier days for Florida make him self-conceited and bigoted.If .
diameter. form the tree, and weighting them witha when the stuffed skin of the last you would give your unbelieving read-
4. Can I get buds from Florida nurserymen stick of wood. They might be held razorback adorns some Florida museum, ers some evidence,instead of telling them
in spring or summer? You can get down with a forked stick. as a specimen of porcine breeding care- the earth travels through space very fast,
Satsuma buds from the Interlachen Nur- 5. If the is well with fully to be avoided. it would probably have some effect. I am
series of Hastings & Wylie in May and humus how ground supplied just a little surprised that you should in-
June. many pounds of simon-pure W. F. Lawton, Petosley, Mick-Do not sult anyone by accusing: them of dishon-
No. 2 fertilizer each tree to have?
ought think you charge too much for the Ru- esty in a matter of belief,and this you do
F. W. Lyman, Georgiana, Fla.-I did From two to fertilizer four pounds is recommended.John of any good. ralist. It is just about what I am about disbelievers in the God idea, when you
4 not cut down !my ten-year-old, frozen or- orange-tree to put into a hair-cut to embellish the say, "or at least say.they do not know
ange trees, which now have sprouts from outside of my head, which is not at all there is a God." Do you know there is a
three to fifteen feet high. Will it harm Johnson,South Lake Weir.-I would necessary, while the other side, which God? If so, how, or why do you know it?
.' the trees three to ten inches diameter,to like to have my name enrolled with those your paper purports to do, is sadly in
stand another year? Dudley W. Adams who are in favor of a stock law. I am a need of it. I like your illustrations If I [A young skeptic once said to an old
thinks not, but we believe most authori- stock-raiser myself, but have only the lived in Florida I would not know what Quaker, "I will not believe anything ex-
ties think the dead wood should have best breeds. :My hogs are the Red Jer- minute one of those razorbacks would ists that I cannot see. The old Quaker
been cleaned away last season. sey and Poland Chinas, and I keep them come up through the cracks of the floor, replied: "Has thee any brains" ? And Y
I 2.. If necessary to cijt them out,what is under control, and do not allow them to and would gladly encourage any paper didst thou ever see them? -ED,]-So. ;
the best method? It is difficult to describea bother my neighbors, as do some. that would make war upon them. Ruralist.
method that will not damage the sprouts.A : .....
good deal of work will have to be done -, Winter PaTk,'('la.-I wishto J.P.McClusJxyCUrmont,Fla.-I thoughtI A large quantity of cotton seed is
1\ with mallet and chisel. express my approval of:your spirited would renew my subscription to.the
t i 3. After the eye-buds have started a lit- policy in the matter of the scrub cow and, Ruralist until I read in the March n mL being planted in Alachua county.



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