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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00074
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 11, 1896
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00074
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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V
: JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA APRIL u 1896. Whole No. 1418 iv SERIES
tr 8. Powers,Editor. Vol. VIII. No. lb.'' '

, .
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,- RESPONSIBLE, ESTABLISHED 18B8.

RELIABLE,
PROMPT. 28 YEARS EXPERIENCE.UFFALO. fro


O.ATTERSON & CO. Scott 161-169 Street, COMMISSION ERCHANTS,. .


-*: REAL ESTATE SECURITY AND BEST BUSINESS METHODS ENABLE US TO DO ALL POSSIBLE FOR CONSIGNORS. PROMPT ACCOUNT SALES
t F' THIS INSURES YOU AGAINST LOSS AND GUARANTEES HONEST AND PROMPT RETURNS. NO MARKET STEADILY EXCELS BUFFALO. USE

i ANY TELEGRAPH CODE.
br. REFERENCES-THIRD NATIONAL BANK. BUFFALO, R. G. DUN & CD., FIRST NATIONAL BANK, ST.AUGUSTINE, FLA. BANKS AND SHIPPERS .,
p ;. EVERYWHERE. AGENTS INDIAN RIVER ORANGE GROWERS ASSOCIATION.
f AGENTS FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS ASSOCIATION AND INDIAN RIVER AND LAKE WORTH PINEAPPLE GROWERS AS.

: .,. .. SOCIATION. ,
( __
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J T :1' FRUIT TREES FOR' FLORIDA 1"1 ATTENTION YRKK PhHNYKR81.L 1 '

.
''* AND' LOWER SOUTH.SATSU1A ,


f on TRIFOLIATA Before buying your Nursery Stock,investigate and know what you aie getting. Know that ..;
;. you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer.

,,\ : A Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. THE POMONA NURSERIES _

Over 3.00 Varieties of 4;.
.- .- are the most Extensive in the State and ofler all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums, Pears,
:: t : Fruits and Ornamentals. Japan Lemons Persimmons on both Grapes,Figs,Mulberries,Apricots,Almonds.Satsuma and other Oranges and

t f' Peaches,Pears, Plums, Persimmons, Nuts, Grapes, Roses, etc.
ORANGE and TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.Over .

i
NO AGENTS. Catalogue fpr 1896. An Up-to-date Horticultural Hand-Book free on application. 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs,etc
? Correspondence solicited.
NO BETTER STOCK. NO CHEAPER. NONE SO LARGE.
t GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES, .
... It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
Write for Catalogue and information wanted
G. L. TABER, GLEN ST. MARY, FLA. any W. D. GRIPPING, PROP.,

w Macclenny, Fla.
I.' .
-: HAS INGS'

THE BEST BEE HIVE MADE IS THE .

:: CLEANED BEGGARWEED.Order BEE HIVES DOVE.TAl LEO HIVE.We ,.



your supply now and make sure of it. PRICES: One pound by mail,40 cents; 4 pounds, manufacture them 8- and 10-frame) of selected kiln-dried Yellow Pine, and .
cents pound in quantities of less than 200 pounds;
$1.50. By express or freight not prepaid 25 per eell at a low figure.J6@Get
in oo pound lots and above,20 cents per pound. .
Seed free from stems,leaves and trash. By
... RO U G H B EG G ARW E E D paid 25 cents per pound; 4 pounds,95 tspost. our prices before sending North and paying heavy freight bills.
# press or freight,not prepaid,in any quantity,15 cents
..
per pound.
YANKEE NOVELTY OJIPANY,

r H. G. HASTINGS & CO., SEEDSMEN, E. E. CONVERSE, Manager. Ocala, Florida. .. .

INTERLACHEN, FLA.

.. 1 3-Send for our Illustrated Catalogue. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,


TREES AT WHOLESALE. Grocers and Commission Merchants
.. I will. sell Fruit Trees this son to the planter at wholesale prices. Address,
J.A.DANIEL( ,
Riverside Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla. DEATrERS IN

Acknowledged superior to all other materials used Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, _
RAFFIA for similar purposes. Sold by the pound. If you J
never saw it,get a sample and quotations. Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. .:. ;--'
FOR TYING BUDS AND GRAFTS THOMAS HEEHAN &.SONS,GermantownPa. ,
.
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Jacksonville, 1

HEADQU.A.I TERS FOR HIGH GRADE <

.
PRICE-LIST WHISKIES:

; AND FIELD MANONGA ELA RYE.$2 CABINET BOURBON.... .............. .S6 oo
GARDEN REEDS ORANGE VALLEY................. ...... a ooSPRINGVALLEY J.MARTIN RYE............................. 300
......... ................. 250 VIRGINIA GLADES..................._.. 400
BALTIMORE CORN....................... 2 00 OLD BOURBON.................... .;... S 00 '
NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............. 250 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH..,.............. 500
J&: Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed CLIFTON CLUB............. ..,.........300 OLD BAKER......... ...................... 5 eo !
J ....... ._..
1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats.js; cents per bushel Alfalfa or Lucerne,25 cents per MONTROSE VELVET RYE : 600 1.

pound;Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 25C; two gallon, joe; three gallon '1s<:. Remit by post-office.
money. order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O.D. Remit with order.
'. W. F. WILSON, SEEDSMAN, A complete price-list of Groceries,and Wine List sent free on application.. i j

; CtiARK SON & CO .
.,
,it J"OHN '
GAINESVILLE FLORIDA ,.: .
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m FtOfitDA FABifEB Atffc FBt1tt-GROW1m. APRIL 11, .
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: THE MAPES FORMULA 4 PERUVIAN GUANO CO. '


-

N\1FACT\JReRS: : OFHIGH --





< GRADE FERTILIZERS ONLY t.. .





Orange Tree, Fruit and Vine Vegetable, Pineapple, Tobacco &c. I I+t .K i{,



We wish to emphasize the fact that we make high-grade goods only. The i We have steadily refrained from making any such goods, although the per _

State is being flooded just now with new brands of low-grade fertilizers, man- image of profit would be very much larger than it is on our high-grade fer- .-i .

ufactured for the emergency/hard times, arising from the freeze of last winter. | tilizers. ** ..{ .


, These Cheap Goods: of the Poorest: Materials: and Bad Forms, Must be Injurious to the Planter.i ;


They cannot permanently improve his lands. The results produced wlll'| cultivate a less acreage and use only the best manures. You can make a good I

, not be so good, either in quantity or quality, in flavor or in keeping qUalities. crop, with strong plants, with much less labor than you can coax along a poor t.

: That covers all the points where the profits come in. It will pay better to | and sickly lot, and the money results will be far better. .

t' ;

The Mapes Company Use Only the Best Materials and in Forms which are the Results of, the :

Experience of Nearly Half a Century and of Continuous and Costly Experiments. I ...


The materials are subjected to a special process, of their own discovery, Send for a copy of testimonials from thirty or forty of the best-known Co'.

which causes a chemical change, and are mixed for months before barreling. growers in the State as to the results of the use of our Vegetable Manure for

They go through the assimilation in heaps that must otherwise take place the year 1895. Mr- L. Dozier, our agent at Ocala, writes June 10, 1895, as

in the ground when they are freshly mixed. When shipped they are ready for follows: ':

,,,..rrthe immediate consumption of the plant, and that is why they produce crops "I have been your Agent for five years, and the only complaint I have

from ten to fifteen days earlier than home-made or any fresh mixtures will do. ever heard from those who used your goods in my district was that they are .

They make vigorous plants that will stand drouths far better than those sold
strictly for cash> while all the others can be bought on long time. In my

grown with poor materials in poor forms. Common sense must teach us that, judgment, if they were all put on the same basis Mapes' would sweep the

. and we have had a great many testimonials on that point. State." .


IT WILL PAY YOU TO BUY AND IT PAYS US TO SELL FOR CASH.


The :Mapes Company made no bad debts by the freeze and have no goods. On the other hand, they have have been able to make a large reduc

losses to make up by increasing their profits or reducing the standard of their I tion in the price of them this year, and at the same time keep up their standard. .

.
-THEY 7UtAI: :

; ,. ,
-:: FERTILIZERJ

t;

Which has had most wonderful success in Pennsylvania and Connecticut in producing Choice Wrappers that have brought exceptionally High Prices.

J6 Write for a Tobacco Pamphlet.

Ammonia. Phosphrte Acid. Potash
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Mapes' Tobacco Manure, Florida Brand . . . . S to 6. 4 to 5. 6 to 1

PRICES FOR THE SEASON OF 1896.

The Mapes Orange Tree.in, 200.b.} bbls., f. o.b. Jacksonville ton, $37.00 Here is the record of the official l analysis of their manures for the year

U Fruit and Vine, U ttit 39.00 1895 at the Florida Experiment Station : ...t

Vegetable, II K Ammonia. Avail. Phot.Acid. Total Phot.Acid. P0t4, 1!
I nI Itft 40.00 Orange! Tree 4.67 7.46 11.22 3.81 -
Pineapple, ,"' :..,',_ 38.00 Fruit and Vine . 3.04 7.06 9.55 1147th'
,
: u ..
... Tobacco, :: :-- ., ,'*: it 38.00 Vegetable . . 5.91 7.84 10.22 5.68. -
-
.
a 'fSTALSO. DEAL IN- EST For any further information, write

.:w.'. SULPHATE NITRATES, AMMONIA. J. t::) TYSEfl "g ensy ,
,: -.1\- >,t .; : .
SULPHATE POTASH "
V Foot of Ocean Street .
GROUND BONE, *-
BONE BLACK, ETC. V JflCKSONVlltliE, F UAL'I
.....
i

.
CHEAP" FERTILIZERS. [From New Enland Homestead, Dec.28, 1895'] of all three ingredients. It (is the concerns that methods for determining approximately the rela->
I IMPORTANT TO USERS OP! FER have- capital invested in plants that are most tive availability of nitrogen and on subsequent
I Prof. H. B. Voorhees Director of the New Jersey TILIZERS. likely to remain in the business, and are the ones pages is given a report of the work done during
that in the long run are likely to look weU to the past year on this point.
t State Experiment Station,in the 'Rural New Shyster concerns that manufacture all sorts of their reputation, for they have more at stake. "While various inferior or agriculturally worth- .
Yorker." June i, 1895, in an exposure of a so- materials, and put their goods: on the market in Another point that strengthens this caution is less forms of nitrogen are in the market the :1-
called "cheap" fertilizer sold in Philadelphia, all sorts of conditions, in order to get some of the that in most States the analyses of fertilizers are main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers
until .
not made after the
trade is is in
sprig over.VALUATION" dealing with firms which have an established -
trade of old-established and reliable firms
says: "In the purchase of fertilizers,many farm are as
reputation,and in avoiding 'cheap' 'ood.toffered
characteristic & -
of the fertilizer trade as of other "
ers are still guided by price per ton rather than trades. Any one who puts out a fertilizer can OF FERTILIZERS.They by irresponsible parties."Page 39. r -
by the amount and quality of the plant-food furnished get it officially analyzed at the Experiment Sta- Fail to Determine the Quality of Preparations of Leather. .
,hence pay exorbitant price per pound tions, and it appears in their reports, but the Main uoods--Established Reputation the 4 As has been proved abundantly by experiment .
to the
Security Purchaser.
farmer does not know whether the concern is reliable leather,whether in its untreated state or steamed
for constituents.
the A. low ton does
price per or not The Connecticut Station in its an- [Extract from Annual Report of the Connecticut or toasted, and pulverized, has no value as a*
not always mean a cheap product; it frequentlymeans nual report for '95, just out emphasizes the fact Agricultural Experiment Station (Prof. S. W fertilizer. The State fertilizer law wisely forbids
an expensive one,for the legitimate expenses that in buying mixed fertilizers farmers must Johnson, Director), for Year 1595. Issued De- Its use in any form as an ingredient of commercial .
of rely to a great extent on reliable dealers,and : cember. 1895 ] fertilizers without explicit printed certificateof Si
preparation shipment and sale are proportionately "The main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers 'These valuations,it must be remembered are the fact such certificate to be conapicuous14.
much greater for low-grade than for is in dealing with firms which have an based on the assumption that the nitrogen,phosphoric ffixed to every package' etc. 'it
high-grade goods* Farmers should remember established reputation, and in avoiding 'cheap' add and potash in each fertilizer are "The materials on which the following analyses -
u.:. first that nitrogen phosphoric acid and potashare goods offered by irresponsible parties The readily available to farm crops. Chemical exam .were made were used in vegetation experiments
' the only constituents of direct[fertilizing caution is certainly needed when more than one- ination can show pretty conclusively whether to be described on following pages.
and mixtures containing all of these 'In goodfouns third of the nitrogenous superphosphates sold in this is true in respect to potash. There is less "4565.. Ground leather,imported from Eagtand l
cannot be secured for a low price perton, Connecticut do not furnish in all respectts,aU certainty regarding phosphoric acid,while chemical for use as a cheap 'ammonlate' in mixed fertilizers.
unless they are contained in very small amounts; themanufadurcrsclaimforthem.Outofseventybrandsl examination, as it Is usually made, rivet The method manufacture i,unknown. :
.and se<: that the expenses of handling are' six twenty-one are below the little or no clue at to the avauabtttty of the It is a brownish black powder, in appearance
; quite a* great for'make weight'as' for materials I mum guarantee in respect mannfad-j organic nitrogen of mixed goods. This Station resembling dried blood. When pulverized it ..
."Ia- of actual fertilizing value/. bk .' igredient. ,five in respect of two, and one' *has oeen for tome[years. engaged in a.study of emits an.r" odor" of benzine."-Pasre>o.s w"' >'I
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::12 PERYEAR. ,' FARMER >"': $2P FI I -.t
FLORIDA .

i 4: .. : m FRUIT-GROW' : Y A :i.... : '; .

.-.. t *;
t\4t j ... Fruit Trees and Freezes. freezing spell set in.. The.fruit sets of ty-five acres here, twenty at St. Joseph The people here were as badly injured .
, 0 Poverty of soil is a' wbrse fruit enemy the jfive unfertilized trees soon dropped and the remainder' or adjacent -to by the freeze as' anywhere in he .
than boreal off while those of the fertilized San Antonio. State and had :
breezes or artic tem tree to begin again at the 4.
:perature. : Poor: neglected live stock remained and completed a full growth., The land best suited to. growing bottom of the !ladder, many absolutely .
" f,,' are easy victims of most forms of disease This was the only peach tree. in the strawberries has been found to be without one dollar oPready'' money.\: ...
'" and animal parasites. They do neighborhood that. bore a.crop that what is termed flat woods pine land. One year ago some would have'' .

,! 'not possess the vigor to resist attacks year.There It makes, seemingly; little difference. gladly sold out for barely enough .
4. of.enemies; but the well-fed, sleek i is never so good a time to in the crop! whetherthe'land is old or money to pay the expenses of their .: .
p animals are full of life and animation, I fertilize an orchard as when, .or just new; both have been tried. this year' families out of the State, (sop they -
,': free from disease and insect annoy- !before, the frost is coming out of the with equal success. Our St. Thomas said), but they went to work with 'a' .' .
ances and are ever ready to respond, ground in the spring. The soil is land (fiat-woods) is not one of those will and have thoroughly demonstrate'dthe -, '
r each in its sphere, to the demands more porous than at any other time, level wastes of worthless land covered fact that there is not onlY a good **, k.
man makes upon them,requiring only, and expected spring, rains can better with stunted pines one so often sees in living to be made from the land here, .-
,' but surely, to be well-fed and cared carry the added fertility down to the I passing through the State'but is undulating but some money to be put aside for a .
for. Who would expect an old mare, feeding roots. Manure on the surface with fine, natural drainage, "rainy day," or to be. spent in im '
.ipoor as poverty, -ttho had always been can do little good if the soil has the knolls covered whith a heavy provements, by any ablebodied man "
compelled to pick her living winter become dry and compacted. Fertilizers -! growth pf myrtle, and where fenced with an ordinary amount of energy, I
and Bummer, to reproduce .former will do the most good if applied and fire 'kept off for three or four and this, too, without the aid of the '
self in bright, plump, vigorous colt ? now,;; and as there is now the most! years, usually developes a good growthof almighty) orange tree. ', is. : ,
:. Yet4this is just,the way fruit trees are time to do it, the two facts are sug-: sumac and willow oak. The soilis If any one thinks this savors of an -=i_' ,
; treated Jy ninety-nine out of a hundred gestive that this necessary effort be rather dark and of a neavier'char- advertisement boom, let him go to a & ",:
A and failures of trops are attributed made to i invigorate the orchard that acter than that of the majority of St. Thomas man and offer to'purchase- 'j ..
t to theeather, or worse still, to. the quality and quantity of fruit be. Florida pine lands. From .seven to : his place at the price asked by many ..,' .;_. fI:
Providence.. .-:: 'ruit>trees.need feeding increased. Hardwood ashes, leached nine inches below the surface tnere'is just after the freeze; the owner of ,such' ..
as much astlomestic animals or cereal or unleached, are the best available : a stratum of. chocolate-colored, sub place would laugh in his face. :
crops n;euit Young stock'may do home fertilizer for fruit trees ; but soil, underlaid with clay, not hardpan Just one word in regard to'the '

quite well if turned to a hay stack, so well rotted barn manure is a good : The best results, the growers orange industry in this (Pasco) coup; 'k .!' oF tt -
long as the hay lasts, but when that addition, or even this alone may answer claim, are to be realized from plantingon ty, for fear some.may think it a thingof ..
is gone they must be sent to another, quite well;f but for trees it is nota this kind of land. '; the past.: The peopleare showing ; .
or that brought to them, or they will balanced manure; sufficient potashis The blight has never ..damaged.'the their faith by their works, and in a #
: starve. When fruit trees are first lacking. When it is consideredthat plants except on sand hills, nor,,has few years the output of oranges will -
:. planted, there is usually a sufficiency a ton of fresh horse manure con drouth or.,heavy rains ever materially be heavier than ever. Thousands of ;
of plant food in the soil for them; but tains only seven pounds of potash, injured them, though heavy shower trees are being rebudded, and every at. .,. '5
-+ after while this becomes :exhausted cattle manure two, sheep three, and sometimes causes a little extra workin tention given them. The majority" ,J .
-their stack of hay is eaten up, andas swine five, it will be seen that at the picking and cleaning the\ berries are responding to this treatment in the ;T;: =,:" :
they cannot travel like, live stock, rate land is usually fertilized with barn next day. most satisfactory manner. "'.
other hay mutt be brought, them or manure, each tree would get but an On land,of this nature the 'most Tobacco culture will engage the at- '
'x they will starve also.' insignificant amount for its portion. successful growers usually use from tention of a number of our Pasco : -., :.
The discovery of the value of balanced Barn manure for the orchard shouldbe one-half to three-fourths of a ton of county farmers; about 200 acres will .
rations.for domestic animals was preceeded by a liberal coat of ashes.If fertilizer to the acre. Many use less) probably be planted in the weed; and't', a '
a long step in the improvement of a person will once manure an orchard and one man has this year used only Cubans expert In the business of cut '
animal industry. Balanced feed for he will become so interestedthat the manure that had accumulated on ting and curing are already here to '

fruit trees is just as important; brit is pruning and spraying; when his pUce-stable and cleanings from superintend the work. We have hot '
not so easily determined, because it needed, will be almost sure to follow.' the hen-house, composted with oak the slightest doubt of success. .t : } i

." cannot be known without trial by tests -Country Gentleman, ashes. He declares he will never But, to return to strawberries, a facts ".Y: ',' .
of application in .each case, to learn -, -. .* again buy the commercial article, and beyond dispute is, that, like the taliff .F. ,: .,,
:. what is lacking. Strawberry Culture in Pasco results seem* to justify his decision. question in Congress, strawberry .. .:
County. Two or three men have used no culture has come to St. Thomas "to' ,- '
fruit .
But of one thing, the grower .".. '
be- pretty well.assured f he can Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: fertilizer upon their strawberry patches stay;" and we in return extend a 'tcor- ..
may '
hardly go amiss in feeding trees pot- 'You ask for i information{ in regardto and while not quite up to the dial welcome. J..S. MILLS, "f.' J !
ash in some form. They are great the strawberry industry at this standard of those fertilized, they have St. Thomas, Fla. ''":.. ..
As rule I find articles had good returns and are well satis- I ; .
potash consumers, which may be part; point.! a of '
ly evidenced'burning the wood and this nature are' rather indefinite to the fied.Hereno Country.Roads. r .
extracting the.potash from the ashes. reader who is not acquainted witl'ilie one mulches, as there is' Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: s .
Besides this, quantities have been locality, and the land on which the less sand in. the soil, and mulch, were Though I have lived here twenty- .'
: consumed annually ,in the manufacture article\ is written; as there is probablyno it used, would prove a. safe harbor for six years I did not ,understand until ,
of leaves and fruit. All this State in the Union that .can com crickets, one of the worst enemies we lately how roads in this soil and climate ../ > .,j
came from the soil about.the tree. In I pare with Florida in. diversity of soil. have to contend with, in getting a should be constructed. Travel. t!j( : .
the case of a tree forty years old for: Therefore,in attempting to give the perfect stand of plants. ing to town,twelve miles, once or twicea :t '
instance, that has never'been fertilized.artificially ; information required, I will try to be The berries are picked and placed week for a few years, much of the .r-'!
-
how ,much pptash can explicit, even at the jisk of boring the on pieces of mosquito netting stretched, time with a horse and cart on a walk, J ;r ,
:
there remain within, its teach ? It reader with a longer article than tightly over light frames. A few gen- I have had abundant leisure to s udy". 'I
tle on. the ,under side of the netting the road *
should not be a cause for wonder that .would be necessary were our soil of a taps problem. ,
more uniform character. dislodges any dirt or sand that Several years ago the County Com "
fruit
the tree, has, ceased to bear or '. .. ,;.
only that of.ine1ior{ quality; that ,it Strawberries were: first grown here may adhere to the berries. This is missioners of this (Duval) county employed ,
only a few minutes' work and, even W. A. Scull W the
reveals ad bran'chesa moss covered about ten years ago, though on a very Captain use
bark, and is a.harbor'for, all kinds Of limited scale as few people (I speakof were the plants mulched, would not able-bodied males of the county prisoners ,
tree insects. Of course, fruit trees the newcomers), would spare time be a bad method, as it enables the to construct a new road frOm a
need other fertility: ; but potash for from the cultivation of their orange packer to discover any imperfect point five and and a half from Jacksonville .. ,-'
However those who did berries that may have escaped the to Mandarin Cemetery, a distance 1
them is a staple feed; as corn is for trees. go "'
swine. into strawberry growing as a side issueat notice of the picker. of about eight miles. A great mstake .

Vigorous trees: with wel1 ripe ed this locality; have never yet failed to The shipping season begins here was made in the first instance in J laying ....
wood, their buds, blossoms and 'new realize handsome returns for the labor about the middle of January, and out this road. There are at least 800
ly set fruitwill ensure without harm and capital expended. There has. yet frosts this"'winter have not interfered people here in Mandarin, and some of
adverse: weather .that would.. ruin the to be zecordedthe first failure, as a with continuous shipments. Over us go to the city five times a week,be. ,
fruitage of starved, weak trees. As a money crop, and since the orange two hundred crates were'said to have sides the people of Jacksonville and or.
notable example,, one of six peach trees were ,killed, quite a number have been shipped from here last Monday, South Jacksonville who come uphre.:
trees.in the same door yard< was' liber, turned their attention to strawberrygrowing. March, 3oth, and it is safe to say, if The road from thisplace to Jackson .
die market for.teri ville could easily have beeq made one ..
ally supplied .with potash, and the # hold up days .
$30,000 will be distributed mile shorter than it is, ail that,.too,
others given none.. ill blossomedand There are from 100 to no acres m !longer,
set full. When. the fruit was' berries at this point (St. Thomas) Stj among the strawberry growers of St.. without doinj any, oroiext to no, damage -' ILe'

about the size of.marbles. rainy, Joseph. and I' San Antonio.About. six Thomas,StJ Joseph and San Antonio.* to., wnoof real estate alongrthea.t ?

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::1 : T ': .1IFERTILIzERHEADQUARTERS..: .. .



.. .
; ;; 4 SAVE MONEY .

.
By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new ;


;> ALL AROUND BRAND, $25 Per Ton. I

.- .,' .,....
1 x' +. ANALYSIS: .
'. Ammonia : 5 to 6 perlcent. .
, J ,v. Available Acid "
\ Phosphoric 7 to 8
!
:;
Actual Potash 4tob ,
y
: J'. ze' This.. Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates, Superphosphates and Potash.. -a .
4 _
'- ," :':;.* We keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA,'NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND.
4 .
,..J1 BOfrE ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices. .
;' Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.


- i; .::' LITTLE BROTHERS' FERTILIZER and PHOSPHATE COMPANY, I

'
.. I JACISONVIL II FLORIDA. i
wt ---
f
-
t, ." ." route. One mile saved is two, miles among, the several counties, where a good tight pen and it was tight too, I fertilizing a patch of rye to cut green,
for the trip, and a saving of expense to they can be worked on the roads and held their swineships within also a plot of sugar corn for home use or
"'i\ the county for every juror and witness well guarded and well taken care of. bounds. As soon as they had attained chickens. Then between the corn and
f summoned to any of the courts.It Road building is the best use we can some size and they did that quickly, potatoes I have cassava planted, the
seems to me that to bring$ Mandarin put them at. I was ready for business, (nowplease latter to fatten four new razorbacks fqrI
. .. M one mile nearer to r Jacksonville I often think of the Russian Emperor keep your clothes on, till I get off the am so well pleased with the returnsof
Q( would be worth $25,000 to the people who, when he came to build his floor.) First, I hauled up and put in my former factory that I shall doubleits
i of Mandarin, and as much more to first railroad, took a map of Russia the pen two loads of a good quality of capacity this season.I .
'. Jacksonville. The old "Mandarin Set. and drew a straight line from St. muck running a little over three percent ,have also planted with the corn
tlement," as the old deeds call it, has Petersburg to Moscow, ,and had his of nitrogen. Then I hauled one and cassava,at about every eight or ten
always supplied Jacksonville with the first road made there. We cannot al load of cow chips, (one-horse load,) feet, seed of my now famous/Delaware
i earliest, freshest and best fruits and ways have roads perfectly straight, then another load of muck and set my watermelon, as I have not saved any '
.; vegetables of any place near, and al- but the nearer we can get to it with- factory in motion. seed of those weighing less than fifty
ways will. out foo much expense the better. We By giving them a little attention, ina pounds for three years,and fylr.Razor-
. \ It is said that one, when working should build to last, and for all time. month's time this was in a much bet- back, after ourselves and neighbors,
a road, has no right to drain a swamp Drain all swamps and ponds as we go, ter condition than it would have beenin will get the benefit of these until the
1'....a or pond, but must make a grade high and where the soil is dry the road- a year had it simply been piled up, cassava season comes. I wish you
enough to keep the road dry. If this bed should be below the level of the and so after this fashion I kept my could see the pigs jump for one of
is so, it should Be remedied by just land instead of above it.Ve should factory running all summer till Christmas those big red-cored melons. The factis
4. legislation. In one place several hung make roads good enough so that the then I shut down, and cleanedup I could jump some 4istanee myselffor
.- dred dollars must have been spent in young folks from the city will use and counted noses, to see how I one about now. Such is a crude
+ <> a fourth of a mile in filling up two cypress them on their rapidly revolving stood with the world.I account of how I had a good garden,
i ; >. ; ponds. An expense of $10 in "wheels;j" so they shall enjoy their found I had eighteen one-horse without cost, amid the sand hills of
p and in contact with nature in her greenestand southern Polk county, on the Silver
ditching $50 more digging loads, and big ones too, of as fine
brightest dress and we shall forget Lake Fruit Farm at Frost Proof Fla.B. .
; ,
;. stumps and grading would have made compost as any one could wish, (one ,
,. a better road. In most places it is our loneliness and isolation. item I, forgot, that I added kainit to M. HAMPTON.P .
-;". graded and the center of the road Good country roads are of as much the muck as I put it in the pen), and : S. Fruit trees of all kinds look
benefit to the city as to the country, well and show much bloom and
,4 raised, which was a needless expense, 255 pounds of A No. i pork, at a young
." and in no part of the United States fruit, such as oran' es'grape fruit, figs,
as the dryer the sand the harder a total outlay in cash of $6.00. Of
load pulls, or rather the heavier the can they be as easily and cheaply this pork I sold ninety pounds for guavas,peaches/trjpical papaw,grapes
' ?.: draught. Besides, in this country in made as here in Eastern Florida.M. $7.00, and rendered out of what I and so on, not mention mulberries,
summer every shade tree is a benefit CHESEBRO. had left, fifty pounds of fine lard, now ripe for a month. Of pines, we
the traveler hot Plummers, Fla. white and will have some to spare in this section
: to on a day. as snow, sweet as a nut,
If a good road is wanted in this ---...- none better, and still have bacon to this season. B. M. H.
Silver Lake Fruit .. _
I ".. country the sand in the road should Farm use. The lard was worth more than 'St
l' be kept rather moist, and a row of Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: the entire cash outlay for pigs and Orange Trees in Polk County.

4. ... shade trees should be on the west side As per request, I will tell you howI feed, even,if I could buy such lard, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.,
.t) 1 of every north-and-south road, and a have had'such a good garden with- but I couldn't, or at least have never The photograph I sent you a few
i; .. 'row of shade trees on the south side out any cash outlay the past winter.I been able to. So you see I had to my I days ago will give a,good: idea of how
k:\. of every east-and-west road. In nearly have long had a theory that I could credit eighteen one-horse loads of fine some of our orange trees and truck
- "' ,.all soils, and places, nothing need be have a good garden, and here on the compost, (I put the compost first, as farms looked in this section last
,"' : done but to take out the stumps and sand hills of Southern Polk, too, with I consider it of the greater value), 165 month. So many people have an
'.- all roots near the surface, and fill the but little or no expense. But theory pounds of pork and lard, and $7.00 idea we were entirely frozen out by
holes well. Every swamp and pond and practice I have learned are two in cash for my time and first outlay of the great freezes of December, 1894,
.., .,. should be drained through its nearest different things, so, to cut a long story $6.00. So my garden was free be- and February, 1895, that these pictures -
1 outlet, and then little grading need be short, the freeze admonished me to sides the 165 pounds of pork and of some of our orange trees were
-. done. In many of the branches a economize in every way I could, for $1.00 in cash. taken to show that we had some not
good ford and flattened foot-log for even the Silver Lake Fruit Farm did The hog pens I tnrned into gardens, practically injured. True most of .
pedestrians would be better than a not escape last winter, but it did this, with cabbage, tomatoes, lettuce, beets our groves were badly hurt, but most
i '. bridge. After one gets three miles and always before, and I trust always and onions. Then our garden at the groves have now on more or less
from town a road wide enough for will again.So house has been well filled with toma- bloom. One grove owner here esti-
two carts or wagons to pass each a year ago I began to prepare for toes, onions, egg plants, radishes, andso mates his crop of oranges for this season
'!" other is enough.It my winter garden. The first move on. I don't mean now and then, at 500 boxes, another at 100.
,is to be hoped.the next Legislature was 'to get a good piney woods cow, but in abundance, all we wanted Never before have our orange trees
it will divide the able-bodied male then two diminutive razor backs. But and'more. Then we have Irish potatoes even dropped their leaves, and probably
convicts who belong to the State before. I brought. them home;I built to last us until summer, besides never again will we.have such a

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f1896... THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GEOWEB. 229


.
combination of ((2)) freezes and a long Floirda and the Bermudas, and other royal viand. The emperor, I believe,
.
\ spell of cold weather following. field crops arriving from these islandsare Pinery.Edited knighted him, and making the right

.. Our truck farms have not been in. kohlrabi, carrots, onions, potatoes to; roast pigs a royal perogative,

jured at all by cold: this season, and ; parsley and Romaine lettuce. J. B. Beach,West Palm BeachFla.. Feasted on roast pig all his days. In a

many shipments ;are daily being sent Tomatoes from Florida and Key West Few generations they discovered that .

from this section .of tomatoes, egg- cost twenty-five cents a pound, and Pineapple Fiber. the pig could be roasted in any quar-

plant, strawberries, etc., for which the nearby hot-house product thirty- 1ditorFarmer and Fruit-Grower; ter of the moon, and in a few centu-
good prices are realized. five to fifty cents. Other new crop Might I ask you to be so good as ries it was accidentally discovered thatan

IRVING PAGE. vegetables now in market are white to afford me some information throughthe ordinary brick oven would do as
colums of valuable
Auburndale, Fla. squashes and cabbage from Florida, the your paperon well as a barn, and this brought the

There were six of the photographs and lettuce from Florida, Louisianaand I. What following price points does pineapple: fiber luxury in reach of the people of mod.
South Carolina. Some of the erate
taken in February, 1896, and exhibit fetch ? means.
trees twelve flu first-class fruit and vegetable stores Now, we flatter ourselves that we
orange apparently or 2. What is the best and cheapest
now include in their varied stock are more ingenious and sharper than
teen feet high with undiminished
ro machine for extracting the fiber ?
from the Bahamas. These the Chinese and from whatwe
perhaps
tundity and of head yams ,
symmetry as Can a number of the largest
stately as the most ardent grower could rough-skinned, irregularly shaped tubers leaves 3. be removed from a pineapple have learned from the results of
It wish-magnificent Also find not a few curious purchasers, accidental fires, we may be able to de-
trees. rows without the
qf vegetables in full growth, appar- fifteen cents a pound being the price plant the next injuring? prospectsof vise a plan to force our pines to fruitat
three feet asked for this popular food of the crop will, but so far as I am concerned,
ently high. What of has
variety pineapple
,'. ... I West Indian negroes.-Garden and the 4. leaves.? I am as far from a feasible applicationof
largest
Forest. the discovery as the original barn-
New York Market
Notes.
--. Also, what are the best means for
Firm, well-grown and richly colored Lemon Culture in Manatee. Forcing pineapple plants to shoot very I I burning Chinaman.fatttnep&.

strawberries are now quite plentiful a in the
early year?
The Wilmantic, (Conn.) Journal, in
well-packed quart box costing sixty- an extensive article on the Manatee Any information on the above Tt1tteket1
five to seventy-five cents, while the would be gratefully received.
Lemon Company, says : "At first the
delicate berries from hot-houses
more HESKETH BELL.
holdings of the were
near Hackensack, N. J., cost $1.50 acres. During the company 130 ad- Nassau, Bahamas. Bugs. '
year 1895 an
forthe same quantity. Grape fruits dition was made of 170 acres. Thereare Regarding the matter of pineapplefiber After six thousand years the world

from Jamaica, carefully earned over upon the place about twentyfiveacres will collect more informationand has discerned that without bugs (the

in cold storage, bring fifty cents each, of orange trees, many of them of answer as fully as possible in a scientist calls them microbes) bac-

.and selected navel oranges from California good bearing size, and after havingseen later issue. It is a subject which has teria, bacilli and other names-the

sell for $1.00 a dozen. New as much as we have of the devastating been long studied by the Agricultural farmer would get no crops, the horti

. limes from Jamaica, small and not effects of last winter's freeze, Department and private individuals, culturist .no fruit, the butter would .

fully colored, cost $2.50 for one hun- it was a pleasure to look upon these and as yet no factory has been not come, and this world would be a

.t. dred, and. the first new crop Jamaica trees. If the yield is anything like equipped for its production here. I barren waste. ":.

oranges have already followed upon what is promised, the grove will net do not think that the leaves could be And now the scientific world is .-
the bid crop. While not fully matured $7,000 another Another removed from the plant without learning that for these bugs to work ';

these are in demand at $4.00 to $8.00a gives great promise year., but is not grove as affecting the fruit injuriously, but un- well, and cause the crops to be plentiful -

barrel in wholesale lots. A few beautiful in all respects as the one derstand that a perfect quality of they must feel good, and to feel

tangerines are still shown in collec- named. In that are several lemon fibre can be extracted from the leavesof good the soil must be well drained, '

tions of citrus fruits. Fresh looking trees now bearing blossoms and fruitin plants which have borne fruit and and be porous, and fairly well firmed,

Catawba.grapes, covered with bloom, of growth from the are about to sucker and dry up. Thus and moist but not wet and if lacking
every stage ,
cost so l late.in the season but thirty- tiny green to the ripe. There are the l leaves might be pulled just after in humus, stable manure or its equivalent

five cents for a three-pound basket, the place about acres of lemons.upon the fruit is gathered, and the sucker supplied, and then how they, :
and heavily shouldered bunches of 150 which the would be will work in
, There is also a section devoted to native renews plant not the bugs, gathering the /
Almerias, with rich pink coloring, sell lemons stocks, which will be injured, or the plant feel any loss.I nitrogen from the air and making all .. .,

1._ at fifty cents a pound. The first nat budded to the best varieties of or- do not know of any sure practicalway the stored up plant food in the soil

tive-grown black Hamburg grapes, and lemons for next season's to force pines to fruit. :Many par- available.
from Pennsylvania graperies, now anges will ties have schemes of their own for it, Prof. I. P. Roberts in the Country
settings, of which there be
command $$.00 a pound, and large set. The intention is to extend 1,500 or but do not think any are practical and i Gentlemen, has a talk about Invisi
: bunches of immense berries of Gros certain. A field of plants which has '.ble Friends," that will never be seen .
continue this work until the entire
. Colman, cut with a piece of the woody tract is set to trees. Considerable been heated by fire and nearly or but by a powerful microscope; so small
vine, are a luxury at the same high partially scorched is almost sure to that millions of them will inhabit an
portions of the tract are cropped to :
price. These come from the Isle of bloom within a few weeks or months, inch of earth and each have a good
vegetables and it is an interesting
,
Wight. regardless of the season of year. I sized microbe farm to itself. But ,
sight to look these as they are
Green have been upon have streak the hear Mr. Roberts "We make
peas recently seen a narrow across : must
under the influ-
now rapidly maturing
.
shipped from Florida: in comparatively centre of a year-old field, across the earth comfortable for these friends
ence of the warm of the sun.
large quantities; tb :vegetable, with There are the rays place fortyfiveacres which the flames of a brush fire swept, by getting rid of water and letting in .
mint, being in more"k especial demandas upon bear fruit ten months earlier than the air. This is done by drainage, and
of sixteen acres of cabbage *!
an accompaniment to spring lamb. potatoes remainder of the field. I have ob we should drain before we irrigate ot. ".
and ten acres of tomatoes. That
Seventy-five cents a half-peck is the served the same phenomenon in many subsoil. Our invisible friends, the
this section is a favored locality so .
current price. Tender and fresh look- instances, and conclude it is a certainty. microbes, sometimes get weak or depopulated -
far as climate and natural resourcesare
ing string beans, also from Florida, concerned cannot be denied." We have all heard of the Chinese and then we may reinforce

l' sell for twenty-five cents a quart, and famous discovery of roast pig. How them by stable or barnyard manure,
some late okra, from Louisiana, costs t the sacred animal, one of the house- which contains thousands of millionsin
ten cents a dozen. But little 'cauliflower Orange grove property is coming to hold gods of a prominent Chinese the most robust condition. These

is coming from Florida, and the front fast. E. M. Carpenter has family, chanced to be locked in a barn nitrifying germs reseed the land and

the dependence has been on the Cali-- just refused an offer of $4,500 for a when a fire broke out and destroyedthe make available the plant food in the

fornia supply, which finds ready sale ten-acre grove.-Orange City item in building. The heart-broken Chi-- soil to a much greater extent than sup

at twenty-five cents a head, a limited DeLand News. naman was removing the sacred plied in the manure. Applying stable

quantity from France selling for sixty ....I- remains to a suitable place of interment manure is like using yeast ; it leavens

cents. Boston hot-house cucumberssell Two thousand crates of lettuce,cabbage when a wasp stung him on the the whole lump. All plant food is

at fifteen cents each, and mush- ,beans, peas and cauliflower were finger.: He clapped the finger in his dissolved and carried by water, but

rooms from Long Island. and New shipped from Gainesville by express mouth, and was astonished at the we do not want free water-simply

Jersey at ninety cents a pound. Large Saturday. In addition to this, thirteen agreeable flavor, and not being very moisture. Water climbs like a man

stalks of asparagus, as fine as any solid car-loads of cabbage went forwardby bigoted, finally wound up by eating getting out of a well. If the walls

grown in northern gardens later in the the Florida Central and Peninsular some roast pig. Wishing to gain favor are near he can get out, but if wide

season, are now coming from, South Railroad,and ten by the Plant System. with the emperor, he had a barn built apart he cannot So with water,if
Carolina, and sell for sixty-five to Last week about one hundred car-loads exactly similar to the one in which the the particles are close, the water can

ninety cents a bunch. Eggplantsfrom of vegetables left Gainesville, which sacred pig had been roasted, and pro- climb. This is the philosophy of firm- .
.
Florida and Cuba cost twenty- netted the farmers about thirty-five curing a similar pig, set fire to the ing the soil, and of the earth mulch. p f

five to thirty cents each, and celery, thousand dollars. This week four times building, at the same hour of the day The sun should not be set to pump-

from Florida and California, $1.25 for that amount will be shipped.Leesburg and same quarter of the moon, I believe ing water in the spring and the sun t ',.

dozen. stalks.. Beets are coming from Commercial. and treated the emperor to .the ought to refuse to ,shine for a man -
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230 "Il'
.j.-- -- TIlE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT OROWEB.
--
M. APRIL 0 11,


.-r.! ,A FERTILIZER FOR $27.00 A TON."r .




"THE IDEAL .


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".'...5. Complete High Grade Fertilizer Especially Adapted to

.. .,
EARLY ,
GETr.ES
AND
ORAMGE TREES. ;


..; Ammonia, GUARANTEED- : AN AIi SIS I I
-
.. Available Phosphoric Acid, .- 4 4 to 554 per cent.

Potash (Actual) 4 to 6 per cent.

Equivalent to Sulphate.of Potash, 6 to 8 per cent. .
Made 11 to 13 per cent.
Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal
Nitrate of Soda
Blood and
Bone Acid
Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.
.
We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s

Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
C. S.
Meal
Blood
and
,
Bone
Fine Ground
WE SEEK THE GROWERS Bone, Potash, Etc.
Write Us for Prices before Buying. DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.


Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton, vrjxsorc; & TOOHMOS: : Jacksonville
.. Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices. .

TUB EiR'rrLTER: : HOUS on* F.I.ORU

.
who makes it pump water. The Florida, but it proved a failure. The "

water should go into the soil, and if dry weather soon drew the moisture Live Stock. mixed hay, as food for the butter-

there is too much, be carried away from the hill, and the growing ceased. '"'- ...... ........ -............ --- ... making cow. Three pounds of these
underneath. Turning up wet soil and A ]light mulch on top of the groundserves I Dairying in the South. stalks-these naked, neglected butts-
setting the sun to drying it not only have the same food value
to hold the moisture but obstructs as a pound
\ wastes water that will be needed later thorough cultivation., Potatoes The South, in large part, is a good I of corn. Therefore, in the prevailing

p.;., on, but makes it cold. If you doubt should be cultivated once a week onthe I grazing insufficient country. Where pastures are practice in this region, even where thee

:;.. it, strip yourself and put a wet cloth sandy soil of Florida as well as good forage crops can b blades and top fodder are saved, from

,< t over your shoulders and sit in the sun the clay soil of Ohio, especially i in the easily silo grown for green feeding or for one-seventh to one-sixth, of the food
and see how much it cools you. dry weather.-Southern Ruralist.f system. There is an abundance value of the entire corn crop is abso.

Those friends are locked up waiting .. of good water. Moderate and l lutely wasted in the field. All this
for some more enlightened owner of f inexpensive shelter is needed, compared might contribute to the support of

the land to set them free and put their Sandy-Soils, with the most active dairy dairy cows, needed to improve the
willing hands to work." The farmer states, and the stabling and feeding
who has a farm on sandy) agriculture of the region. In the bests
It is hardly a half dozen years since land finds it naturally in the conditionthat season is correspondingly shorter. A dairy districts of the country, every
whole
it was denied that the nitrogen in the the farmer on clay soils goes to a a the South is a good cattle part of the corn plant is found care

air, although there were thousands of f heavy expense by drainage, subsoil- been country, and wherever dairying has fully husbanded and converted into
t : tons of it, could be made available ing, etc., to bring his land into-a intelligently introduced, it has milk or butter.

t for plant food, and now the Agricul porousness that will receive the air and proved a success. The important considerations in ..

tural Department, the experiment retain moisture. By an investment of farm Dairying is an improver of the dairy farming, may be briefly stated:
stations the an amount in fertilizers and a conserver of farm fertility. i. Selection and
colleges and the news coarse equalto The quality of stock. 2.
papers are full of it, and telling how ; amount spent by the owner of clay burden transportation of products is a The production of suitable forage. 3.
the
it is done. The soil must be put in i I soil in drainage and subsoiling, he has this to farm. In consequenceof : The care of the cattle. 4. Milking,

proper condition, and then suppliedwith a soil as fertile and retentive of moisture bulky products have a very one of the most serious problems. 5.
small
humus, either in the shape o f as the drained clay land, and value in on the farm. Dairying Handling the milk and its products,
animal manures or by clever cowpeas much more easily worked. The use comes as a great promoter of economy or economical method of manufacture fi

beggar weed, or some other leg of muck, composted with slacked in marketing products. Con and marketing.-H. E. Alvord, in E
uminous plant-that is a plant with a: lime or plaster, makes its nitrogen densing< bulky products for market is Southern Cultivator.d "

split seed. Any one of these is used available for plant food at a cost not to necessary to success. Hay, stalks and .

by these "invisible friends" in storing exceed two cents a pound, against 17 grain and should milk. be transformed intomeat : Legs and Wind.

the nitrogen in nodules on the roots cents a pound paid the manufacturer. Animals or flesh are -

of leguminous plants, in readinessfor ; Cow peas and beggar weed will forma transported with greater ease and at The Atlanta Constitution is responsible -

other plants to take up as those I mass of vegetable matter that will 1 a less cost than the hay, stalks and for the statement that in the

knotted roots become incorporated into i put sandy soils in condition to pro- grain. The dairy products are still a I early days of State Fairs in Georgia,
the soil.-Southern Ruralist. 'duce cereal or other vegetable crops. greater condensation of these pro a breeder of the Chester White breed
ucts. It is therefore a very importantquestion of hogs brought some
=- Manure placed upon land under specimens of
laid with what farm products to sell]1, the stock to Macon where the fair
water, or so hard the air was
Isish Potatoes. cannot and the study of the plant food in t the held. After the swine judges had
it
penetrate might as well be various products essential.

I was educated in the theory of cast into the water; but put upon One of the first benefits to be derived awarded the Chester the White prizes the breeder of
stock who
using small potatoes: for seed, and sandy land, and with pea vines and from the extension of was a
all kinds of dead dairying Pennsylvania Quaker, was not a little
vegetable it
.. and practiced the same for many years; will remain until taken matter in the South, will be in saving a l ugepart surprised to find no red card attached
was always blessed with up by plantsand of the
an enormous waste which now> to his exhibit.
Hunting of the
one
a abundant crop of small potatoes. Late not leach away as in gravellysoils ] prevails in the neglect of the corn judges he thus addressed up him
:
I select all particularly if supplementedwith
years good-sized potatoesthe potash and plant. Wherever you go, acres upon : 'I know thee to be an honest man,
( larger the better), and cut themto Coarse superphosphate. acres are to be seen, on which more and I do not question thy fairness in }.
one eye. I plant them fifteen inches manures plowed in 6, 8 or than two-thirds of the
fodderafter
plant, or the award but to curi.
,
gratify own
inches my
even 12
in deep will be found
apart rows three and
one half feet the is
, ear removed-is abandoned
I would be have
wide. by the roots of plants, and wherethere osity glad to thee
is in the field. There seems to tell me why thee gave all the prizes to
One potato will make from six to attraction perpetual if moisture by capillary : be a total disregard of the fact, that the native stock and what fault thee
ten hills. there is proper) their
cultivation in time of a drouth. Butthe apparently refractory and much found in mine
Last year I raised twenty bushels cultivation must not be despised corn stalks or butts, are actually ." 'My friend, the committee t admiredial
delayed
from one bushel of seed of the Rural until the top soil is dry. composed of good food mater your hogs greatly,' the judge replied.

4-1s New Yorker variety, all of a good '..*. for cattle. By simply changing their 'They are certainly handsome, and I

: size.I. FOR ALLAYING HOARSENESS AND IRRITATION mechanical condition, so as to makethem have no doubt that in your sectionin

<- tried putting manure in the hill OF TUB THROAT, use "Br "n'a edible, and this is easily done they are the best breed to raise, but

,:' several years ago in Putnam County i box.Bronchial Troche" Twenty-five cents: a several ways, these stalks are worthas they are not suited for this country.od .
Avoid imitations.
much, pound for pound, as gor. > They are so short legged and fat that




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1896. THE FLORIDA FABMER AND PRU -GROWER. 231 .
I
1 1a

nigger could catch them in two fine. Onion tops, lettuce leaves, mus-- .. j

minutes. What we require in a hogin tard leaves, or cabbage will do. They RI =DeLANOY'SiHPOPKH = .i jj

the South is legs and wind. We like to pick out the tiny green specks.If .
give our prizes for speed." the old turkey is not gentle, and j
In many portions of the south the makes a noise to make them run away Popular Poultry arm

razorback is the prize winner, and is from you, it is a good way to take *3 .
the subject of special protection by the them away from her, and feed thema
Florida Legislature. But the more en- few times, and when they get usedto FLH.X J

lightened farmers are getting out of the your feeding them they will come ;

woods style of raising hogs. Notablyis to eat, even if the old one will not. I T CORNISH INDIAN GAMES
this the case in Texas which an- omitted to say I put them in a board ,
nually doubles its pork product, and pen a few days, until they learn to follow Sharp's and Imported. The beat Table Fowl known.
the swine industry is as prominent as the hen. I -.- Great for Broiler+.

any other in the State. The more In a few days I let them run out in II' &: J.BLACK..MINORCAS. .
northern of"the Southern States are far the lot, where they can pick tender [(:
in advance of the Gulf States outsideof grass, then feed the same kind of food Larger than Leghorns. Good layers of Large White Eggs.
Texas in the introduction of improved --... _
three or four times a day, until theyare C
swine, and gradually it is per- two months old and they can then best.We give well all our adapted attention to this to the climate.above two breeds:and aim to have the
the minds of southern farmers farther and feed 9
vading go away get more reduced prices during balance of 1896. One setting,
that improved stock, that are not then twice a day is sufficient. After E G G SAt! 1.50; two, 3.50; three, 83..:>. Packed in
equal to the razorback for speed ;and they are several months old, I use E Egg Carriers and guaranteed to arrive safe.

wind, will take on double the amountof part grits, scalded well, say one third -WE CAN FURNISH-
fat in half the time. The Ruralistis part, one-third corn hearts, one third POULTRY SUPPLIES.

.laboring for a new south, that in wheat bran, all well scalded and I
agriculture shall be the peer of any cooled,and continue to feed this twicea hens in a flock are enough. I havea II I I X L HEM ALL.
section of the United States.Transitionis day until November. Then give friend at Bartow who has three QUALITY t .

going on, but there is need of corn once a day, and the soft food times that many together, and allows TELLS
I THE
and of intelligent two hundred to roost in one house BEST
whip and spur, more once. This feed with cassava rootsat
f legistatures, and of a press, local noon, will make them fat for mar- about ten by thirty feet. He says STEEL MILL. \
and agricultural that will keep facts they do well, are not sick and lay a Acre.STRONGEST end STEEL for TOWER. Nolon story
catalogue
ket.I and pricesPHELPS
before the farmers. am sorry I cannot say what I good quantity of eggs. Everything & BIGELOW WIND MILL CO., t
t want to in fewer words. I thought I is kept strictly clean. He has a cement Kalamazoo,Michigan.
,: would say what I thought was the rea- floor which is swept every morningand -.-
Poultry. son I did not have sore head amongstmy nests are changed frequently.E. EGGS
turkeys aud chicks last but I C. KECK.
------------------------------------------------ year, FROM BEST STRAINS
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. am afraid this article is much too long Bowling Green, Fla. Barred Rock
now; so, Mr. Editor, if you think Would suggest that you adopt the and Brown Plymouth Leghorns >91
colony plan. If wish to have fori3; 81.75fof26. Mi-
Experience with Turkeys. this will help any one, you can publishit you norcas, Buff leghorns, ;
if not, put it where all the bad papers permanent, stationary houses build Buff Cochins, Silver Wyandotte -
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: a *, 81.50 for
go, and it will be all right with them one hundred feet or more apart, r'J $3.50 for 26. 13;
Whenever I get the FARMER AND me. :MRS. W. H. :MANN. large enough to hold twenty.five to Early Mitchell Strawberry -
FRUIT GROWER I turn to the (the: earliest), 25
poultry fifty hens. I believe would
Mannville, Fla. you get Plants Free with each
page to find out all I can about rais- better results than to have one large "in g, catalogue fee.
.
Am and know readers ENNESA" FARMS,
pleased our -.i.
ing poultry in Florida, for although I house crowded with one or two hundred i t Box IDli'JMarletta: Ga.
will be to hear from Mrs.: Mann. We
,
-. had raised poultry a good many years head. A clay or cement floor :
before I came to Florida, I found I hope that her name will become a would be easily kept clean and free
familiar to the readers of the poul- THE
had a good many things to learn in one from fleas. But the roosts should be IMPROVEDVIGTOR
succeed here. Last I I try column. Please tell us why the
order to year placed low, say two feet from the
had such good success both with turkeys all-spice and pepper are used, your floor or the fowls would be apt to have :
and chickens that I method in avoiding sore head, or any INCUBATOR
i
thought my bumble foot from injuring their felt = -
.. Hatches Chickens 6team.Abeolntelyelfregalattag.
other subject which pertains to the by
experience might be a benefit to some jumping down on a hard floor. -; .
feathered S. S. D. The simplest moat reliable
race.
: one. First I will speak of turkeys.We In regard to the number of fowls Catalogue and cheapest first-claw Hatchet
that have had turkeys and have V. ..-- that can be kept on five acres that 4 cent*. GEO.EUTEL In the market.&CO.,Circulars QaincT.freet Jlh
had to watch them to their nests, Tho Colony Plan. depends upon certain conditions.Are .
know how much work that means, or Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: they to be yarded or allowed free .
time that we want to be at work. For Have just read your article of the range ? If they are to have the run
the last two years, we have enclosedours i4th inst in THE FARMER AND FRUIT- of the place, I believe two hundredand
in a large lot, where there was GROWER; your last paragraph strikesme fifty hens would give better re
green rye for them to eat. Then put exactly. I have long wished that sults than a large number. S. S. D.
pine boughs against the fence in sev- the poulty department might be filled *-..
eral places, and place a nest egg there with orignal matter instead of so many HATCH Chickens I.TJD :
and they. will not often try to go out- quotations. Surely there are enough Fowls Poisoned by Eating Roe. EXCELSIOR Incubator
side. When I have saved a numberof poultry raisers in the State to do it if Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: 8'_. Ptrfttt MfBtgvlating. f -
Thouuod in tucoeufel
eggs I put some under common we could just get started once.I It should be the duty of all citizens ,.Circulars'." free. operation.Brat-claw Lowe llatelier priced wade.II .
. hens and some under a turkey (of hesitate to write anything myself to| have charity enough to write up i Tlltn.Send Ctulome.6e.for 114to188S.ethHt.QBliify.nL GEO. II. HTA1IL,
course I won't unil: a turkey wants to because of the little experience I have what is good and what is especiallybad r -

. set), so when they hatch they are put had. So anything I may write for a on poultry raising. My son and
with the turkey hen. For example, time at least will be more to seek in- W. Z. Williams went fishing and WOVEN WIRE FENCE .

last year I set fifty-three eggs at once, formation than to attempt to impart caught a fine lot, among them a large Over 50 Styles The best on Earth Horn high.
r and when fifty-one little turkeys came information to others. gar fish that was well roed, as Boll strong Hg and Chicken _.
off, put them with two turkey hens Being on a large farm where I can much as four pounds. Mrs. B. cookedit forfrom [ .
and two common hens. The common grow a considerable amount of feed for her chickens; she had a flock of Uughrrodeepperrddsy Rod.Free. ",.

:r, hens will teach them to eat better than my object is to raise chickens and forty. They began next day dying Indiana.., ..
the turkey, and will also keep them eggs for market rather than high- and she has !lost twenty up to this
" from going off so far while they are priced fowls for breeding. Now, writing. The crop was badly swollen.I .
-. small. I have five acres that I wish to devote cut some of them open and the crop four months old that eat some of the .
E When they are about ten or twelve entirely to full grown hens for egg- was full of fish and roe and smelled roe and was very sick; also two cats
.: hours old, I take them out of the nest producing. Nothing has yet been dreadful. There is no doubt but that came near dying. I write to you that
and give each one a grain of allspiceor done to provide houses or yards, so the roe of the gar killed them. you may warn others of the roe of the
r black pepper, place back in the I can arrange it to suit myself, but Since the chickens died I have gar being poisonous.F. .
nest and let them remain until the don't know what would be best. How learned that the roe of the garfish is C. M. BOGGESS.
and hens could I this and man named Rich- Fort Ogden, Fla. ....
next day, then bring them out many keep on poisonous, one ,.
feed grits, as cooked for the table, amount of ground, and what kind ofa ard Smith told me that he knew of the A well known fact-have known
cold so as to crumble, mixed with house or houses would be best? roe of the garfish killing another flock other people to lose fowls in the same

curd, or some kind of greens, cut very Most writers seem to think that fifty of chickens. My son had a puppy manner. S. S. D.

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: 232 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND P'BDIT' OROWER. APRIL 11,

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-f-- -
show your mother that you love her,
; State News.Nearly Our Rural Home.
do not be so chary of your words and BULBS I PLANTS.

-"""- --....-...- -.,.- """'' deeds. Do not wait until it is everlastingly .
"
too late before you speak the Butterfly Lily ((recently catalogued as
Notes the .
a hundred acres in cotton by Wayside.Florida's kind,loving, cheering words. A heart "White Canna"by some enterprising
ists),beautiful and fragrant..............IOC.
will in the of Sum-
be
planted vicinity full of love is no comfort to anyone Canna-Giant Cardinal, tall and showy.......10
" terville this spring. Sumterville smile is so winning, in if there outward manifestations. C. Nepalensis, fine yellow...... ..............10
spite of dismantled that people are no C. Robusta, bronze leaved...................10
Times. groves, Touch gently the feeble hands and I C. Flaccida the "Orchid Canna" ".......,.10 _.
flock from colder climes
simply to Caladium Esculenturn-elephant's ear..io
From the New River country up to bask in her sunshine. We, to whomall white hair, never forgetting that the tFThe above collection for 50 cents.

the Hypoluxo District there is now her troubles and disappointmentsare hour draws near when the hands Amaryllis Equestre, 6 cents each three for
via the Southern Com- known which have done so much for you will 15C.i; six for ......... ...........;. .........250
going Express may detect the sadness in Tuberose bulbs, fine double,5C. each; six{or.
pany an average of 500 crates of veg- the smile; but the poet says: "Love is be motionless and at rest forever. No Tuberose,smaller size, per dozen.............10 25
Oxalis bulbs rose-colored ,......
( ), dozen
good to murmur words of love and per 10
etables every day. By the Florida not love that hath not known the Madeira: vine,50. each; six for..............
East Coast Railway there are being sweetness of forgiving.And we for regret when the loving eyes are closed Pereskta Aculeata,each....... ... .........25 i0
and the Night-blooming Cereus (C grandiflora)......20
from
shipped nearly 600 crates every day. give much in veriest gratitude for the lips which have dropped Honeysuckle Halliana,white, fragrant,.,.. .10
so many gems for you are speechless, Coral, or Fuschia-flowered honeysuckle.....10
What is
from the skies and
the
going Bay Biscayne sunny above us, flowersat Ampelopsis,quinque folia (American )...
country, or trucking fields just north our feet.While and the words and acts of affection Wisteria Sinensis........... .........Ivy........10.20
which would bring her intense pleasurenow Crotalaria Retusa (West India RatUebox,or
of us, we are not inlormed.Tropical nothing but a crocus dares Yellow Sweet Pea), good plants, each....10
, then could not reach her. 49-To those who
purchase twenty-five cents'
Sun.The lift its head in the frozen North, or a How in the and remorse of worth of bulbs or plants and enclose five cents
violet frail agony additional towards paying postage, I will send
wee or claytonia (
spring
Cuban tobacco has ,
colony a your heart then, you will long to per- cuttings of a handsome, fragrant, cream tea rose;
seed bed of about two acres the plants beauty) may bloom in some sheltered form some little act of kindness or if preferred, of the Cherokee rose; both fine,
nook here the loveliest blossoms or : ever-green climbers; or variegated Lantana cuttings -
therein ranging from one half to six come whisper one sentence laden with love. .
inches in height. The plants are in forth ere :March is fairly on her way. And what a comfort it will be to our SEEDS.

fine condition as the ground is kept What have I? Well, not much; but bereaved hearts in that last hour if we Two cents per packet, or 5 packets for Sc.

damp by the use of a force pump, to here is a box of brilliant nasturtiums, have the recollection of such words Canna Flaccida; C. Giant Cardinal; C. Nepa

which they attach rubber hose, and a deep red, orange and black, and such and attentions. The evening time of lensis bergia;;Balloon Wisteria vine; Velvet; White Bean Cypress; Crotalaria; Tbun-;

lawn sprinkler, wells are dug at inter profusion of bloom; a pot of freesias, every mother's life should be bright, mixed Ricinus (Palma Christi Coral!); Lantana; Zinnias. ,
vales of 100 feet, so that the whole both white and lemon color, that are tranquil and happy filled and ; Marigold; Honeysuckle.At
surrounded -
5c. ,
seed bed can be irrigated. A force of so large and lovely they have been with blessings she a packet or two for Sc.
even as
hands are kept constantly at work taken for zephyranthis (fairy lilies); a has ever been with a liberal hand scattering Bryonopsis round fruits, marble, mottled vine red, with and lovely white;little Bra-

pulling weeds and clearing the beds of royal purple petunia that has been in seeds of content and happiness zilian Mexican Morning Ipomoea Glory, white, lavender Mexican blossom Moon;

rubbish.-Fort Meade Pebble. full bloom for a month, alongside of a and myriads of blessings upon you Flower; Balsam Apple, the variety with
small scarlet fruit.
pot of clear yellow oxalis, a symphony throughout whole life. Did
Two of the Lake Worth fish com- your you
t JSTTo: all who purchase eight cents' worth of
in and
while here is box
purple gold; a ever think do not ever to be seeds,
panies operate for six mouths, one for you get sending self-addressed,stamped envelope,
of pink oxalis that has gladdened my men and women in mother's'I I will send a packet of fine Watermelon Seed,
seven months and the other the entire your
saved from choice melons by myself or if -
;
eyes with its deep green,clover-like fo are always her and ferred, Crotalaria seed. pre
year, on the Lake ; one of the firms eyes, you girls boys, "
liage and rosy blossoms the entire winter i and matter how tS" If seeds or plants do not give satisfaction, .
no di-
confining its summer operations to I widely you are would be glad to be informed.M. .
1 mullet fishing on Indian River. By to say nothing of Wandering Jew, vided "in spirit" she is ever with you, G. MILLS,.

these four fish houses alone a little etc. interested in everything pertaining to St. Thomas, Pasco County, Fla.
more than $3,000 are paid out in cash "No flowers in Florida," some one you, weeping if you sorrow, or rejoicing -

every month, that circulates in this said. No, of course not, if we never in your happiness or pros-
immediate community. In additionto take the trouble to have'them. perity. You may think mother has Hem your dish-cloths; it pays, for

this they pay large sums to the ex St. Thomas, Fla. M. G. M. everything to make her happy, but they will wear nearly twice as long,

press and freight departments, one .-*-. there are many things you "wot not besides looking far neater. ::
firm alone having paid about 2,500 to A Mother's\ Love. of" to bring sadness and loneliness to Always have a cake of Bon Ami )
those who life's work is dons over the kitchen sink, and wheneveran
knowing
the Southern Express Company Corfish ;,
The journey of life has been made
are patiently waiting for the egg or acid stain appears upon the
shipments made by them duringthe easier and brighter for me by the peaceand
past five months.Tropical Sun. joy of everlasting restRuralist.Dishwashing. silver or china remove it at the time.
blessed of
mother's
." assurance a un Keep a small cloth or chamois for
... dying love, such a perfect, unchang that it will
Speaking of the failure of tobacco purpose; save much hard
seed to germinate, the :Manatee River ing. love it is. rubbing when the day comes aroundfor
All else may disappoint us, but thatis For Our Rural Home. Care
.Journal says: The people of Florida silver-polishing. should be
fast abiding and never wavers. Have you ever noticed the slipshod taken the
have been imposed on by the Cubans, to keep wiping-towels and
who for "ways that are dark and tricks Nothing looks so sad to me as to see, manner in which many women wash dishcloths white and soft. If they are

Ipfthat! are vain" excel the "heathen Chi i as we often do, sons and daughterswho dishes? They pile the pan full of dishes carefully washed and dried every time

nee." It is not in keeping with the (judging by appearances) are just as they are taken from the table, they have been used they will always

Cuban policy to supply the seeds of careless of this golden treasure. They and it is no wonder there are so many look well, but an occasional boiling is

their most profitable varieties of tobacco do not seem to realize how precious it i cracked and chipped plates and cups, necessary to whiten them. Put them

to the farmers of Florida and thereby is. They really think they are doing also broken glasses. Why not use to boil in cold water in which a little

invite competition. We have been "all right" and mean to be kind, but i method in dishwashing as in other departments Pearline has been shaken and they will

told by responsible Cubans (if there the many little things that would of house-work? become white: and soft. i
brighten the sunset hours of the motherare First clear the table
piling
away
be such characters) that their people up ELIZABETH.Infants' .
would not such seeds omitted by them. How shockedthey the plates, saucers, etc. .
supply not
only
,
would be if one should in Shake little
even a pearline in the dish-
of tobacco,but also of any of their staple L- Bibs.
sinuate that they did not love their pan and pour boiling water over it to For Our Rural Home.

crops. mother. But still they withhold the make a suds, then add sufficient cold Bibs are among the essential articles

More lots and acres planted in Irish outward tokens, and probably they water and put in the glass and silver. of a baby's wardrobe, and may be
potatoes can be shown in Orlandothan are the very things for which she is Do not be deceived into washing either plain or fancy.
in any previous of its existence "hungering and thirsting" And dishes in hot
year they very water; to be surethey For common use, linen or muslin
and the crop is looking remarkably .- never express their affection although wipe easily, but the lustre will 1 I are preferable, and should have two or

fine. A large field belonging their hearts are full of it. soon be ruined, and the tiny crackswill 5 three thicknesses of cotton flannel be-

to Mr. Jouet on East South streetis They become immersed in pleasuresor appear. tween the outsides. They may. be

now in bloom. The Missouri River: in cares,and are apparently obliviousof While you are wiping the glass and I cut round, square, or with several
bottom lands, regarded as the best for the fact that she to whom they owe silver let your china be soaking in the points, and should be quilted on the

Irish potatoes, never, perhaps, produced most on earth is perhaps lonely and pan, after which it can washed very f machines in diamonds, squares, or any
a finer growth than this field. desolate, yearning for one word of quickly. Always have an iron chainto fancy shapes. The edges may be

Hundreds of acres have been plantedin tenderness and love from those to clean pots and pans, and by all 1 trimmed with lace, or Hamburg edging.

this county, and thousands of barrels ,, whom she gave all of her strength of means have a decent-looking dishcloth A very pretty bib is of linen,trimmed

will be shipped out ; and yet onlya both mind and body during so many not any old tattered rag, but apiece with lace, and has the baby's mono-

few years ago all of the Irish potatoes years when they were helpless and dependent of cloth that will not wear out i in gram in the centre.

consumed here were shipped i in, upon her for everything, even two or three days. One yard will 1 Another has a spray of flowers in

and the belief was popular that they the care-free happy hours spent in make three of generous size. A coarse, the centre and a feather-stitching near

could not be successfully grown here. their youth and childhood. sheer quality.that is usually sold at fivei the edge. Caspian floss is the thread

-Xlando. Sentinel. I would say to every young person i, |cents per yard. is very suitable.. l I used for both bibs. ...

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1. 1896. H- 233 .

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A very dainty bib for dressy occa- This advice concerning small econo- Protection for Hogs but None for .

, sions has a small square of fine linen, mies applies to all, but more particularly Oranges. .
r
on which is embroidered with Asiatic to us of limited means, and who live in _: Fy.
country places. Circumstances always
file a spray of flowers and the baby's alter cases. It would not be economy Florida, like California, should have

initial. Around the square is a lace for one whose duties called him else- State laws to prevent the spread of in- rALINE

insertion. The insertion at the top of where-a physician whose patient was sect pests. If the attention of our honor-

waiting for him,for instance-to descendto able legislature can be diverted for a sea-
the extends around the neck
square the kitchen to scrubbing son from their interest in the protectionof y
inspect Bridget's -
like a collar. Two-inch lace, slightly or to search the rag-bag for the scrub cattle and razorback hogs, and

I gathered, is sewed entirely around the needed old cloths-yet every mistress ofa give a little attention to the protection of 11!,

bib, and a narrow edge inside the col house should, at the proper and con- the orange groves they would better

lar. A feather-stitching of Asiatic venient time, attend to even these trivial serve the State.

I floss conceals all seams. things; unless servants can be relied on, The orange trees about Fort Myers
I as some, certainly may be. It is not beneath this season would have yielded a much
' Another dressy bib is of cream silk, the dignity of any American (or larger income had not the fruit been

I made double. The edge is cut in other) housewife to look into her kitchenat impaired from the ravages of the white Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive

; I scollops and finished with a button- least once a week, spending an hour or flr. The orange growers met and devised :

hole stitching of light blue Asiatic two there-but not in querulous mood. measures for its extermination, but ROUTE

twisted silk. The word"Baby" This was my rule ago. Do cooks one grove owner declined to cooperateand BETWEEN
embroidery years
\ is embroidered with : know that a barrel of flour will last almost there was no law to compel him. As FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH

Caspian twice as when good, whole- one infected grove spreads the infectionto THE
long
I silk, in the centre of the bib, and some light bread is the rule for that all others it was useless to go further. Florida Central and Peninsular

through the letters are drawn a few family, than when it is baked into bis- I A protective law should have the atten- .

, t violets, embroidered with Asiatic filo. cuits, batter-cakes, etc? To say nothingof tion of the next Legislature.SouthernRuralist. NEW THROUGH ROUTES.

R, E. MERRYMAN. the extra ingredients, lard, soda, bak- New York to Jacksonville by
l ing powder, eggs and milk, it is an extravagance -.-- New Florida Pennsylvania 11. B. to Washington

: to have hot bread every day Root Pruning-Tree Pruning, Northern and Southern Railway to
Columbia, Florida Central &
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh the table besides ;
i upon ; one may expecta Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal

I that Contain Mercury, husband as capricious and irritable as H.M. Stringfellow,in "Texas Farm and points in Florida.
Carlyle himself was, when such indiges- Ranch has l Cincinnati to Harriman Junction .
startled
the horticultural
the
s As mercury will surely destroy sense tible food is set before him. Upon by Queen & Crescent,
of smell and completely derange the whole every world with his theory of absence of root Harriman Junction to Ashe-
I
1 system when entering it through the mu- ground can now think of, warm biscuits in tree planting. Mr. Hale, of Georgia, Aghevllle & I yule and Columbia by Southern -
ought to find a place on the family boardno
Hallway, and Florida
surfaces. Such articles should endorses his plan of inch roots while Mr.
cous never Jacksonville
oftener than Central&Pensnsular-Colum-
twice week then
a onlyas
, from Pierce, of Spring Hill,Ala. lost all of his
be used
except on prescriptions rep- a change of diet for those who do not j bia to Jacksonville.
s atable physicans, as the damage they will relish the cold loaf. I have been trees with shortened roots, but saved \ Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
do is tenfold to the good you can possibly Long as nearly all with whole roots. Mr.\ String- Cincinnati. Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
j derive from them. Hall's Catarrh experimenting, it has been a compara- fellow that at the time of planting and \ } Southern ITy to Ever-
says
,
tively short time since I learned to make Florid\ ette, Florida Central & Peninsular -
Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & If with a sharp knife, shorten in to withinone Limited. to all important Florida
really good light bread. I had now a
contains and inch of the trunk. not the whole points.
Co., Toledo, 0., no mercury, daughter to teach it should be of May
,
is taken internally, acting directly upon one secret of success be embodied in the two Kansas City Kansas City, Fort Scott &
the first things she should learn well.
I the blood and mucous surfaces of the sys- following extracts, the first from J. F. andJacksonville Memphis R.lt.to Kansas Cit p,
, But a voice at elbow to Birmingham, Southern RThro' y
tem. In buying Hall's Catarrh Cure be bread!" in my repeatsUgoodlight Rulifson, in the Mobile "Register," and to Everette, Fla. Central &
a tone of It i ia is Line
sure you get the genuine. It is taken in- disgust. ( the second from W. Massey\ in the Peninsular to all Fla. points.
the of the South-
great pity appetite
I ternally, and made in Toledo, 0., by F. "Practical Farmer?" "The expert tree Louis to Jacksonville by
erners is such a complicated affair that
Short Line to Du Quoin,
H. & Co. Testimonials free. planter keeps a keen-edged knife with 1St.
Cheney
he thinks no light bread can be good. Holly Sp'gs Central to Holly Sp'gs,
I JJSfSold by Druggists. Price, 75c. per M. G. M. him,but does not use it until the holes are Route. City, Memphis & Birmingham -

bottle. -...----- dug and all else is ready to put the tree J to Birmingham,Sou.
.. K'y to Everette and F. C. & P.
-* --- Food I Items. into its place. He then prunes the roots,
Economy Again. all bruised Sioux City& Chicago to Jacksonville
cutting away or broken pieces, 111. Cent. to Holly I

Corn meal possesses more nutriment, and makes a smooth,slanting cut near the Holly, Route Sp'gs}Sp'gs, K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham -
There is no economy in buying poor for its cost, for man or animal than any extremity of each and every sound root. Sou. R'y to Ever-
, cotton goods (or domestic), for any pur- other food. If but; one root was ette and the F. C. & P.
connected with house furnishing, or Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River
pose
pruned directed above when is
as a tree
Cheese is more nutritious than beef- New Orleans Junction. P.
for personal wear that I could ever find F. C. & only
,
steak. transplanted, that one would be the first To }route with through sleepers
unless it be for common window cur- to commence furnishing new life and Jackso'vllle between New Orleans and

tains. When there are many windowsto One has to eat four times the quantityof strength to the tree, and for good rea- Jacksonville.The .

furnish with curtains, they require potatoes for the same nourishment he sons. The first drop of moisture that F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in .

such an outlay of money, if suitable and would get from baked beans, and the for- oozes from a fresh cut, healthy root, com- Florida running through the
fine material is bought, that the dining mer are less digestible. Tobacco Jtcmons,
at to form callous
mences once a which, Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
room or kitchen, or even some bed-rooms Eggs and milk are among the most per- in its turn, in an incredibly short time, Peach and Strawberry Lands, _

maybe hung with a soft smooth muslin, fect foods to meet all the requirements ofa commences to form and put forth new Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country
either trimmed with coarse lace or with ;Phosphate Belt. ,
well balanced ration.
roots, and through this new and vigorous Has the Sliver Spring and
plain hems. This should, of course, not The adulteration of cheese has destroyed formation new life is at once furnished to Other Fine Scenery
be of the finest grade, cheap cotton will the tree." The Great Hunting Country.
than one-half
answer. When nicely tied back with more of our export Reaches the Noted Fishing Ground. :
trade in that article. MR. MASSEY. Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety k :
made of silesia
"ribbons, even bright of soils the State, and above all '"V
"Then in order to have abundanceof m
(or paper muslin), they are cheerful looking An analysis of the egg and the poisonof an
the cobra reveal the same constituents, these root hairswe cut the roots smooth, Runs over the Central Rldgeland
and certainly inexpensive.
Where it Is High and Healthy.
only a little differently proportioned. for from these cut roots the fibres will be
When garments are well worn they
Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
most and
may still be used in making rugs, and, as -*. .- readily profusely produced. We the best freight facilities for any produce to
such will wear a long time. Tear them Newspaper Control by Corporations. find that we are inclined to prune the the Northern markets.
roots shorter and shorter every time we Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
in narrow strips, sew together, as for free) and note the towns on its route.A. .
I have been informed by an ex-editor transplant a tree. The transplanted tree 0.
carpet rags, wind in balls, and when the MAODONELL,O.P.AJacksonville
long evenings come, when it is a delightto that it is not an uncommon occurrencefor is very much in the condition of a cutting, ,F fa.
railroads or the of finan- except that the root will more readily -
big
managers
sit before a little bright fire of pine
cial emit fibres than that part above ground. The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R
knots, have two wooden sticks, slightly : undertakings, to make arrrngementfor ,
The root hairs the small
sharpened at one end, and knit these controlling certain newspapers in absorbing on Offers to Shippers
their interests. He admitted that it rootlets are all dried up, and new ones
into lengths from six to eight inches
rags wide, or as fancy suggests. If a little might be a difficult matter to prove this are most" easily produced on good-sized I The Shortest and Quickest Route

care is taken in arranging the colors, statement, but said that the evidence of roots, BETWEEN

: very pretty rugs may be made for bed- favoritism was constantly being shown in Mr.Stringfellow also condemns the gen- FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

rooms, especially. They may be put together the editorial page, so strongly,and in such eral practice of pruning trees when in the THE EAST AND WEST.

by running a strip from the ball a pointed manner, that it must be clear, dormant state, claiming that they shouldno With Improved Ventilated Cars this com-
of rags in and out of the meshes made even to the general reader and believer in more be disturbed in time of rest than pany is better equipped than ever ever to
knitting a much easier than toI the wisdom and virtue of the editor, that should an individual be awakened from handle the Orange and Vegetable Cropland
by ; way
sew the separate strips of the rug to- he must have some personal or financial sleep and put through a course of gym- insure all Eastern close connections and Western and Markets.prompt despatchto

gether(as I did when first made them.) interest in "booming" the matter under nastics at midnight. He says trim when Through cars to destination with

I Many housekeepers take their half worn consideration.-Printers' Ink. the sap is moving.A out change or delay.

dresses and aprons for floor-cloths, catch- .4 successful old horticulturist once said Perishable freight followed by wire and
Anti-Option, Taxing to Death. shippers advised time passing various Junction
ing up almost the first thing that theysee in response to the query when to prune: points and arrival at destination.

when one is needed, simply becausetoo "Whenever you have a sharp knife." And All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -

careless to provide themselves with Representative Bankhead, an Alabama our Florida Horticultural Society's Presi- adjusted.

such cloths before hand. It may seem avery farmer, has introduced a bill in Congress dent says: "Do not prune at all; nature See that your goods are markedvia

small matter indeed, but when this I taxing one cent on every pound of cottonor knows best. F. C. & P. R. R.

is the case, there are generally others i provisions sold for future delivery, The opinions of Rulifson and Massey For information call on or address the un- _-
In all : and two to three cents would to indicate the ofa del'8f&11ed*'
larger that household-and these on every bushelof seem necessity C. E. TAYLOR Trav.A'gt, Ocala Fia.
"small leaks" amount to considerable.I grain which is settled otherwise than sloping undercut, freshly made, of all W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A'g't, Orlando, Fla.G. .
There's little use in economizing in I by absolute delivery. Let the farmers of the principal roots at the time of plant- .M. HOLDEN, Trav. A' fit, Leesburrt Fla
something of the South their because from these fresh cuts >Y. R. FULLER. J.IHV. A K:U,Tampa, *!*.
and
i greater importance urge upon representativesits ing, new Or N.S. PENNINGTON,Traffic Manager,
neglecting a dozen or more of (seemingly passage and thus put a stop to grain roots will be sent out much more readily Jacksonville,Fla

) less. gambling. than from uncut roots. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Aft








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! {; 234 TH5 FLORIDA FARMER AND" FRUIT-GROWER. APRIL 11, .

: ':...:
i. ,,
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower Bulletin No. 35, of the Florida Experiment of the season (A. R. T. 7042)), left I year eight or ten thousand acres of

Station was prepared by the Lawtey 7 p. m., April 3 ; arrived Col--II plants,of which a considerable part will
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main Director, Dr. 0. Clute, and gives a umbia 12:20: a. m April 5j; left 6:08a. : produce a very fair article of "Florida
Street,Jacksonville. Fla. valuable popular account of eight foodor m.; reached New York 8:20: p. m., I tobacco," which will be only from two

,,-'. o forage plants and one, canaigre, April 6. Time-3 days, i hour and I to four hundred miles removed from
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION .used for tanning purposes. It will be 20 minutes. The following telegram j i "Havana tobacco," while that of Texas -

For One Year ...............................'2.00 I sent to all applicants in Florida upon from an official of the Pennsylvania I and California will be a thousandand
'Or Biz MontfiSt......>............. ..... LOO application to the director at Lake Railroad is somewhat flattering to three thousand respectively.
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 ,
City, Fla. Florida strawberry 4-
i "Subscriptions in all cases cash in growers.PHILADELPHIA
advance. No discount allowed on one's -...--- April 7, 1896. Peaches In South Florida.

own subscription(except in a club), but to Less planting of orange and lemon To W. H. Pleasants, G. F. A., F. The check given to orange culturein

all be allowed agents liberal on all subscriptions cash commission obtained will groves will be made in this region this C. and P. R, R Jacksonville, Fla.: South Florida is already bearing fruitin

II by them. Write for terms. season than at the same period of the Yours of yesterday to Mr. Hale, A. an increased planting of peaches,

To every new subscriber we will send, year for a decade, says the Los Angeles R. T., 7,042 arrived at New York among other things. One of our State
.. postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- "Orange Trade Reporter." The 8.20 p. m., April 6th, in good time for items this week mentions a peach or-
ing in Florida." For two new sub tree they can this morning's market. Strawberriesin
orange nurserymen say chard far south
: as as Tarpon Springs
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send,
now good budded fine condition. Our states
hardly giye .
away agent which in state of
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange was previously a neglect -
Culture." and rooted young orange trees fit for they are pronounced the handsomest but was fertilized and worked last

Rates of advertising on application. planting in orchards. It is said that berries ever brought to this market. year, and as a result, has enough fruit
i 0 Remittances should be made by check, "Lucky" Baldwin has for sale at the The consignees expect much satisfac this year to require a carload of crate
t postal note, money order or registered Santa Anita ranch over four hundred tion. J. B. HUTCHISON, material. Sorrento has
letter to order of planted thirty
E thousand budded and thrifty Gen. Supt. of Transportation
orange acres of peaches. There are thirty
It': FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER trees, ready for orchard planting, that Pennsylvania R. R. thousand trees growing near St. Cloud,
Jacksonville, Fla. he cannot even get an. offer for. We learn from a merchant to whoma which will be far more successful than

When he planted the seed for the large share of the berries were con- the sugar farm was. In fact, the trees
;, CONTENTS.- trees, such trees were worth any- signed that they sold at 42 to 45 centsa longest planted have already yielded

I r Fruit Trees and Freezes; Strawberry Culture where in Southern California from $1 quart, which is an excellent price- handsome profits ; it is said that some
t in Pasco County; Country Roads.... 227 to $1.40 each. The second car, A. R. T. 5,090, did trees have turned off $7.00 worth of !
Silver Lake Fruit Farm; Orange Trees int 4 still better so far as heard from. Left
t Polk County............................... 228 fruit. The architect, :Mr. J. P. Mace,
New York Market Notes; Lemon Culture in The brightest, sprightliest views of Lawtey 4:45: p. m., April 4; arrived of Lake Helen, is reported to have

l Manatee County......................... 229 Florida that we have seen emanatingfrom Columbia 10:25: P- m., April 5; re- sold $17.00 worth of peaches from a ;
.t. PINEY Pineapple Fibre ................... 229 the members of the National iced and left 11:55: p. m. small orchard-only about two acres
t FARMER AND TR.UCKER.-Bugs............... 229 Editorial Excursion last winter are If this rate of service can be main Peentos-in ,
................ mostly a single season.
Irish Potatoes Sandy Soils
i ; 230 in the Redlands tained
Cal
,. LIVE STOCK-Dairying in the South appearing ( )., or closely approximated throughthe It is said that he gives them a little
; Legs
i and Wind ................ ....... ........ 230 Citrograph. The writer is evidentlya season, the growers will have no fertilizer nearly every month of the
POULTRY Experience With Turkeys; The lady. With the tact and delicacyof occasion to quarrel with the compa- year.
Colony Plan; Fowls Poisoned by Eating a well-bred guest she passes over in nies. So far the American Refrigerator .

Roe. ................................... 231 silence the unpleasant features, which Company is redeeming itself from The Healthy Razorback.Mr. .
Out RURAL HOME-Notes by the Wayside; would naturally occur to a Californian, the rather unfavorable reputation
; A Mother's Love; Dish-Washing;Infants' Robt. N. Furnas, secretary of
>' Bibs.-.. ... .......-.................. zit and praises in judicious terms the which it had with the growers in past the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture -
Economy Again; Food Items; Protection for gorgeous appointments of Florida ho- seasons.
conceived the idea that
Hogs but None for Oranges;Root-Pruning 233 tels. Yet with a true feminine deft- -- .. northern
swine had been bred and
EDITORIAL Feeding Cattle; Good Transportation ness she reminds us of some of our "Equal to Cuban Tobacco." so long" so
JI Service; Peaches in South Florida; deficiencies. Thus in the midst of a closely to "fancy points, that they
> Equal to Cuban Tobacco; The Healthy Not to be outdone by Florida in had lost their constitution, hence fell
'. ...... ...... 234 splendid picture of St. Augustine, we raising a substitute for Cuban tobacco, easy victims to cholera and other dis
find this little touch. "It rains and
Markets State Horticultural Society Busi-!
; ; Texas to the front with He from
f nessNotices........................... ...235 we call a carriage. Not a street rail- now comes a eases. procured the Ever-
: Weather and Crops.......................... 236 road in St. Augustine !" But right startling proclamation in a double- glades of Florida a pair of pure razor-
., The Cow Pea-m; The Velvet Bean....... 237 alongside she administers woman- leaded column of the Willis Index, backs, "elm pe elefs," "sunfish. He
r Florida Pecan Groves; A Look Backwardand setting forth what was said by "Senor sajs) :
a Look Forward..................... 239 ly consolation in this : "The guest Martinez\ a veteran Cuban expert, who "The male I first crossed on two
:, Weather Predictions; Texas Railways and may sleep on a bedstead of satinwoodor devotes his entire time Red Duroc The
the Producers....... ...................... 240 ivory, becurtained and betasseled to carefully examining sows. female product -
.. with silks of oriental beauty-if he assorting and classifying all of this cross I again mixed by
Weather in Jacksonville. tobacco" manufactured in the Willis using a male Poland China, and with
have the wherewithal to his bill
1 ., F. Week Ending March 30, 18g6. $40.00 a day is a small pay sum-some-; factory. "Senor Martinez," says "the the sows of this cross I used a large
Willis tobacco is the only Amer- male Yorkshire.
grown
... times !I"
a a 4. bO Ii. .01-as; C.' ...:. ican product he has ever seen that he "The results of this experimentationare
,. DATE 00. 00. as 3 a x=.. Mean could not detect {from the genuine to me most gratifying, showing an
- Good Transportation Service. Cuban leaf, and doesn't hesitate to say ideal hog for family meat, if I may so
......
63 88
April March3t.I......... 67 80 74 87 65 66 21 23 76 76 .11.00 Probably most of our readers are that our native tobacco when culti-- express it, and equally so for healthy,
April........ 66 sa 73 51 22 62 .00 aware that there are two special fast vated and cured and treated with the rustling characteristics, and good bone
April 3......... 47 61 68 43 25 56 .00
April ........ 52 57 6S so 15 58 .00 freight trains now running out of same care and particularity that char- support.
Aprils-........ 50 61 73 45 28 59 .00 Florida in addition to the Atlantic acterizes the and "Near around have
April........ 54 66 77 48 29 62 ..00ToUl production prepara- neighbors me
--- Coast Dispatch, for the accommodation tion of the Cuban leaf will prove the 'swine diseases' 'cholera..' Thereare
....... .
Mean 38 6s 76 53 23 64 IIMean "
of the vegetable and berry ship- equal of the latter in every detail. no indications of any diseases -

T Trace.rainfall. pers. One of these is run by the F. But California was ahead of Texas, among my crosses; a few instances -
J A. J. MITCHELL Observer. C. & P. Railroad, the other by the S. and "California Havana" is a great of disease among my 'improved

-----_.-.-* --- F. & W. Railroad ; both of them leaving pet of the Pacific coast people, who breeds,' Poland, White Chesters, Du-
0' It is RC- rded that the Senate of Gainesville daily as a basing point. will seldom acknowledge that there is rocs and Yorkshires. They all run

Rome once sent for the rural philosopher The Atlantic Coast Dispatch is an all- anything grown in the United States promiscuously in the same herd. I

Cato, and asked him, "What is year-round service and has Jackson. which they cannot equal or surpass aim, however, in the exercise of the .

the surest plan for enriching the nation ville as a basing point. I "on the slope." Really, we do not truism 'an ounce of prevention is bet-
?" giving him three days in whichto With freight trains it is, of course, see that Florida has any chance at all, ter than a pound of cure,' to have no

make reply. His answer was terse impossible to lay down a cast-iron unless it is in propinquity to Cuba, disease among my hogs.
and pithy-"Feeding cattle." Florida I timetable; the Atlantic Coast Dispatch which will enable her to import some "The native Florida hog I find star

.. produces over 50,000 bales of cotton I however, has a schedule of 7 I of "the microbes of fermentation"- rustlers excellent feeders, prolific, and
'
per annum, which at 250 pounds of hours between Jacksonville and New unless Maceo and Gomez kill them all the sows the best of nursing mothers.

,0 seed per bale-a low estimate-would York. The two freight specials aimto -and smuggle them into our tobaccoto These characteristics maintain in all the I
: yield 12,500,000 pounds of cattle feed, make the trip in a maximum of sweat it into a similitude of the Cu- crosses I have made.
-. hulls and seed. At twenty pounds about four days, and a minimum of ban article. It is wonderful what these "The original Florida hog does not

per day for ninety days this would fat two and a half. "Cuban experts" can smell out of a to- 'put on fat' excessively, as do our im
'" ten 6,944 head of cattle, on which The F. C. & P. Railroad has a contract bacco leaf when they are paid for it, proved strains; nor do they grow so

; there ought to be a profit of $5,to $10a to haul the cars of the American or when there is a lively anticipationof large nor mature so quickly. The

head. Then, too,the fertility would Refrigerator Transit Company over future favors. quality of meat, however, is superb,
; be retained in the State. their road. The first strawberry car But, seriously, Florida will have this tickling the appetite of the most fastidI. i






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1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 235



, ious pork-eating epicures,being charac- STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. THE

. terized by rich, nutty flavor, with -

. 'streaks of lean and streaks of fat. Approaching Annual Meeting. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

This quality is peculiarly manifest in -

all the crosses I have made The Ninth Annual Meeting of the State ,
Horticultural Society is announced to con- JACKsoNviri.:
\ "After the first cross these hogs
at Jacksonville in the rooms of the
vene ,
fatten as readily and cheaply as any Board of Trade, on Tuesday, May 5th The Oldest National Bank in the State.

" other breeds. Experts, from a mar- (proximo), at 7:30: p. m., continuing until
ket standpoint, would find them noon of Friday following. The society is CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.

notice one of the largest and most influential By conservative yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
in size of ham
wanting not bodies of the kind, numbering over 400 strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
able in second and third crossing. buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms drawing our own
members and its meetings are occasionsof
drafts on all parts of the world. .
t Size of animal in first cross might be exceptional interest. One half-day at We invite a visit or correspondence looking toward business relations, assuring you that your

objectionable, yet they run to 200 or i, each session is usually set apart for an ex- favors shall at aU times receive intelligent and careful attention

250 pounds quickly. I marketed a cursion or similar social feature. No ru- JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
ralist desiring to post himself on the latest
first barrow at sixteen months President.
. cross i phase of fruit growing and gardening, to Cashier.
old at 480 pounds on foot." meet his co-laborers in the horticulturalfield Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.

Secretary Furnas is probably not or to join kindred spirits in a royal

aware that the animal he found so good time, should miss the approaching

, healthy under decent care, when meeting.The usual. of one-cent-a-mile THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare

in the of Florida courtesy
ranging swamps to and from the meeting is expected from
and living on his enforced diet of all transportation companies, as well as offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and '96, including a limited supply of

dead vermin and fish, is more afflicted specially low hotel rates to members. Any '
GENUINE BOONE'S EARLY TREES AND BUDS
i with cholera than are the herds of person can secure the privileges of the

Nebraska. The above shows that meeting, including the reduced railroad Also Grape Fruit Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet Bessie. Tangerine and
and hotel rates, by sending $1, as a memo common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
this is the fault of the razorback.
not stocks. Write for prices
H. Manville
bership fee for 1896, to A. to'V.
Secretary, Glen St. Mary, Fla. 'V. HA'VVliINS & SONS
Georgetown, Fla
Markets. LAST ANNUAL REPORT.

The Society's Annual for 1895,recently DAVIDSON & CO.,

received from the printer, is an invaluable -
'- JACKSONVILLE, FLA., April 10. horticultural hand-book. It containsa COMMISSION' MERCHANTS.

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. full report of the last annual meeting; *

Corrected by Marx Bros. a tabular list of the fruits of Florida, showing -

lots These fetch are prices average above top quotations.quotations Extra while choice poor the relative adaptability of the differ- -2: HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS

lots sell lower. ent varieties to the several sections of the
.
Strawberries quart.............. .10 to .15 State with a full description and accountof Oranges, Lemons, Pineapples, Eerly Vegetables of all Kinds.No. .
....... ........ ,
Lemons Messina box 3.00 West Front Street CINCINNATI, 01110.
Apples,bbl...... ..................75to5.oo each, including over 100 varieties of :20
English Peas dried, bu... ...... .... 1.50 citrus fruits, over 100 varieties of deciduous -
Peas, Clay, bushel........... ....... 1.25 fruits, over fifty varieties of tropical 300 ACRES IN NURSERY. 0 ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. 0 38TH YEAR.
Whippoorwill................. 1.25
Lady.........._.................. 1.75 fruits,and a history of Florida freezes and
Blackeye..... .................. 1.50 their effects for a century and a half downto FRUIT TREES to Florida.
Browneye ...... ............ ... 1.25 and including 1895. It is a compendium Specially Adapted
Cocoanuts.... .......... .............' 375
Peanuts best brand..... ............. .05 to .05}$ of the latest practice and best meth- Oriental Pears Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat Strawberry
Cabbage.Florida each ................. 06 to .08 ods for practical growers,and informationfor Plants. Grape Vines, etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens Camelias 50.000 Palms
Potatoes New York bbl..... ........ 1.25 prospective planters, as well as a read 10,000 Camphor and Cinnamon trees Roses. The Greenhouse Department is the largest andmost
sacks ...................... zoo able outline of our horticultural progress.It complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to Southern -
New York Seed Potatoes- horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta, Ga. No
Early Rose..... .................. 1.35 will be sent free to any one remitting Agents.
Hebron....... .... ............... 1.35 $1, as a membership for 1895 to A. H.
Peerless........................n. 1.35
Dakota Red ...................... 1.35 Manville, Secretary,, _,...Glen.,, St. Mary, Fla. beans, Florida, wax, per crate, 2.00 to SOMERS BROTHER & CO.
.. ........ -- ,
Chili Red.......... ..... 1.35 4.00. Squash, Florida, white per crate
,
Ten-barrel ioc.less. PITTSBURGH, PA.
New York Markets.
Yellow Onions bbl .................. 2.00 2.00 to 2.50. Tomatoes, FloriiIa, per car-
Red Onions, sacks... ................. 200 rier, 1.50 to 3.50; per crate, 1.25 to 2.25, Fruits and Produce
H&'p.-- .--. .12 to .'13 Strawberries.We West carrier 1.00 to 3.00
Key per ; per Receive and sell In car load lots and smaller
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. have had a larger supply from Flor- peck box, 25 to 50c; Havana, per carrier, quantitIes.all Products of the Orchard Garden
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. ida this week and some decline in prices. 2.00 to 2.50. Dairy.Hennery and Farm.
Yellow Yams bush ........ .......... 30 to .35 ::
,
Sweet Potatoes, ...................... .30 refrigerator lots are now taking the Bend for EeporU our little,Special book References"Suggestions,SWnclli to,Baipperi eta.,all free., Market
Hubbard squash bbl. ................ 1.50 lead in price, open crates having arrivedin Cincinnati Market. and
Lettuce, doz........... .................. .06 to .10 irregular condition and generallysoft Inquiries Correspondence Invited.
Celery ... .. .<........ ............. .20t0 e35 very CINCINNATI, April 6. CabbageMedium -
been in bad
Egg Plants, bbl.......................3.00104.00 ; many of them have order size 2.40 to 2.50 crate large size
Tomatoes, crates ..,.-................i.ootoi 50 and some very mouldy; these poor ; ,
Sweet Pepper,bu ................._.None. goods have been sold down to 15c, or less. 23 to 26 heads, 2.25 to 2.30 per Bradley Rcdfleld. Eugene B. RedJUld.,
Green Beans crate.............._ .... .50 to 1.25 in better crate; some prospect of an advance. Ad- ESTABLISHED 187f.
Peas.crate................. .... 1.00 Last arrivals were, however, vise to ship several cars at once. i
Turnips,bunch............... ....... 03 to.06 order and brought 20 to 35<; and refrigerator you REDFIELD & SON,
Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .10 lots close steady at 30 to 40c, for Peas-Good demand ; 2.00 to 2.50 per
Kershaws, each.... ....... ......... .05 to ..10J with bushel, as to quality. Beans-Round
few Commission Merchants
> Parsley,per doz.bunches ............ .10 prime to choice a extra fancy i' good demand 2.50 to 3.00
green, per
J; Green onions per doz. bunches........ .IS to .25 higher and some very common ranging
Pepper,hot,bushel..................-.None. down to 20 to 25c. bushel box. Advise shipment. Toma- AND -
+ Sage well cured Ib.........._......... .25 toes-Fancy ripe, 3 00 to 3.50 crate. Big
Hens...-...-..-......--...... 30 to ..35Roosters. Potatoes. demand. Do not ship any lettuce or any Fruit Auctioneers
1 .-.......-.......--.- .25 Choice new and second crop potatoesare ,
Half grown.....-....................... .25 such goods without writing for the mar-
demand and but offer- 141 Dock Street Pa
in Philadelphia,
good high,
Turkeys per pound,gross......__. .10 to .12 ket. Strawberries-Good demand at 20
Ducks......--.......... ........... .35 ings vary in quality, and the under to 30 cents quart. Advise shipment. We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables, .
Geese. ......_........................ .35 to.40 grades drag. Only a few Florida arriving per & Co.BUSINESS either at private sale(which has heretofore been
New Beets per 100 .............._ ..... .50 to .75 as yet, and really fancy would doubt- DAVIDSON our custom) or by the auction system (recently
Water Cress, per doz. bunches ..... .15 to .25 T added to our business)as you may desire.
Cauliflower doz...................... .75to 150 less bring 6.50 to 7.00. Sweet potatoesnot
t Leeks per doz bunches............... .25 plenty but seldom desirable and NOTICES.
Radishes per doz..........;.... ..... ..1oto.20Cucumbers .
,crate...... ............... 2.00104.00 moving slowly at irregular prices: GROWERS' SUPPLIES One by one our
New Potatoes,per barrel ........... 2.00103.50 FIondanew,prime,5.00 7.00;seconds old advertisers are coming back to us,
Spinach per bushel ........... ...... -5 3.00 to 4.00. Bermuda, prime new, 7.00 scared the freeze
........ .06 who were away by QUICK WORK
Cabbage Florida ..... .....: .02 to
; Wild Ducks .......... ..... .......... .I5to35 to 8.00; second crop, 5.50 to 7.00; sec and the piston-rod of business begins to ,
Rabbits..........aaaaasaa.aaaaa.aa.sa .10 onds, 4.00. to 5.50. Havana, No. 1, 5.00 ply again. Floridians are very glad to In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg :
Squirrels.. ... .................... .08> to .10 : to 6.00. Houlton R se, per d. h. bbl., to etables shipped to us is our motto. WE
Quail ..... ...... .... ...... ........., ."* 1.50. have foliage enough spray once more, GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
Doves............................n.. .06 and they will gladly accept the orange FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
i Salsify per dozen bunches. .......... 25 to .30 Vegetables. leaves with all the scale and white fly ,. BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
crowd onto them. For Mr. E. by our 40 years experience without default-
that
Florida 1.00 to .25 can
Beets crate )
per ; ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
Plymouth Rock and Brown Leghornsare per 100 bunches, 3.00 to 6.00; Bermuda, Bean will show them how to dislodge financial stability which any bank or

pronounced the best breeds of poultry 1.00 to 1.25. Cabbage, Florida, net, 2.50 these pests with his insecticides and spray merchants having mercantile reports can

i for the,South. to 3.00. Celery, fancy, large, per/'dozen pumps. And a good many other things METHOD WILL try us-WE SATISFY BELIEVE YOU. OUR Send

Only potash and phosphoric acid are stalks, 75c; fair to prime, 30 .o 65c. the grower wants which he has, and will your name for our quotations. Stencil and

necessary for peas beans, clover, beggar Cauliflower, Florida, per basket,, '3.00 to sell a good article at reasonable prices. cards free. Letters promptly answered.
weed or other plants having split seed, 4.00. Eggplant, Florida and See his ad. on the last page of the cover.
FI/iridaper/ HOUSES.-See also the cardsof FRENCH & CO.
called legumes.If box, 1.50 to 3.50. Lettuce, COMMISSION ,
could be used at net half-barrel basket, 1.00 toS.OO; Charleston those old trustworthy houses, whichare
idle flat cars 116 Warren St New York.
be found the market They ,
bushel basket 1.25 Nor- to on page.
;
and stone for making per ,
Ito
cost in hauling clay1 ,
and roads, the southern country folk, 50 to 1.00. ; per: all belong to the National League of Commission ESTABLISHED 1855.r .
streets
would be richer and the railway companies crate, 2.00; Havana, 1.50. Peas, green,, Merchants, which is a guaranteeof

no worse pffi Florida, per crate, 1.50 to 4.00.. String character.









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, 236 THE FLORIDA FABMEB AND FBUIT-GROWEB. APRIL' 11,


I I
WEATHER AND CROPS. districts. The week was abnormallycool 'condition. Corn recovering from cold

with some frost in low places on of March. All vegetables lookingwell.

For week ending April 6th. the 3d, damaging tender plants. Asa Melons up and beginning to Successfulgrowers

Precipitation- rule, vegetables, corn, cotton and run.-F. L. Robertson.

The week opened with generally tobacco are in good condition, needing Ocala-Weather a little cool; other-

fair weather, followed by cloudiness ] only more warmth and copi us wise all that could be desired.-W. L. of fruits, berries,

and light rain on the 1st and 2d. rains to give an impetus to rapid Jewett. and all kinds of vegetables,
Precipitation during the week was growth and maturity.
Pineapples areblooming Oxford-Past week has been rather know that the largest yields and
about fifty per cent. below the nor- < and orange interests are receiving -
mal, and the showers on the above especial attention.CORRESPONDENTS co 1 for vegetables, and they have not. best quality are produced by
, much Corn
made and
dates were not uniform, so far as the REMARKS. progress. cotton the liberal use of fertilizers
doing well but rain. Oat
needing
districts of the State concerned
are Western District: crop promising.W. A. Sparkman. containing at least 10% of
little if rain
very any being reported
Ellaville-Corn and cotton being
from the southern of the Limona-Orange trees are growing
portion
. planted.j Good rain on the 2d with
State. Light scattering showers,vary- finely. We need rain. The dry Actual Potash.Without .
cold wave on 3d, 4th and 5th. Garden
-
, ing from 0.15 to 0.45 of an inch invigorated weather of this week has been severeon
( truck looking fine. Peaches and
i vegetation over the western, crops.-E. E. Pratt. the liberal use of Pot-
H. Lammons.
pears promising.-J. Plant of all kinds
northern and of the central City-Crops
a portion
ash soils it is
Molino-Early part of week tem- on sandy impossible -
districts, but the full benefit from the growing off well. Warm days of first
high. No damage from froston fruits berries and
perature to
rainfall was lessened by the succeeding of week gave vegetation a good start. grow ,
the 3d. Fruit prospects very good.W. The stand of is of that will
cool wave, which stimulated evap- corn good. Vegetables vegetables a quality
H. Trimmer.
oration, and the close of the week about of all kinds doing finely. Rain command the best prices.Our .
Lloyds-Farmers through
needed. W. Stinson.
finds -
showers
crops needing copious to planting j corn. Oats look well. Fine pamphlets are not advertising circulars boom.
hasten germination and invigorate Center Hill-Crops are suffering ing special fertilizers,but are practical works,contain
rain on the ist-G. E. Dennis. from drouth. ing latest researches on the subject fertilization,and
young plants. More than the aver- Crawfordville Until Cabbage crop. being are really helpful to farmers. They art sent free foi
of 2d
amount of sunshine prevailed dur- evening marketed. Quite cool spell for past the asking.
age GERMAN KALI WORKS,
weather was glorious. A, light rain
ing the week.Temperature few days.-'V. H. Howell. 93 Nassau St., New York.
on the 2d. A frost that night, but Iascott-Rain needed for

The first few- days of the week the did Bristol-Frost no damager W T.the Duval. Corn plants. High and cold wind of young the
on 3d. ad checked
growth. The stand i i
6 8 in of
temperature was to excess and about RYERi
, potato planting completed.
vegetation is fine. Cotton seed plant.
the normal, soon changing to as "Blight" has appeared on pears.J.D. .
ed. Tobacco seed do
not well.
: much below, and so remained during McAliley. sprout
- the greater portion of the period con- Waukeenah Frost three Flies are hurting tobacco seed beds.D. [GALVANIZED, $4.00
mornings.
SOLID COPPER
H. ,
Rosenberg. $6.50
sidered. The cool wav'e swept over Nothing killed. Most farmers through Wildwood First three You All Want this Catalog.
the State on the 3d, and was of such planting corn and cane. Rain Wednesday days the \.. ImprovementsAutomatic -
weather was warm ; crops grew nicely. : Agitator, etc. Will
force
as to cause frosts over the ,
night. It is believed that the
; trees 20 ft. high. We
rain
Light Thursday, followed by frost 'spray
northern district, with thin ice reported the largest manufacturers
; are
last cold killed most of the Jl / \
snap pears Friday which injured .. and sell the
from the crops, killing most. We
extreme western
sec and peaches in this section. Irish tender low t cif-. : r are the originators of low
tion. Advices indicate that : vegetables on lands.J.H. J. in
some standing the cold prices Knapsack Spray-
potatoes finely.J. -
Davis. ers. Just send for our must
little damage was done to corn and B. Roach. Agents Wanted. catalog. never mind stamp.

cotton (latter just up) over western Northern District. Zellwood Rain badly needed. LEXOX SPRAYER CO.fBVTest St. Plttsflcld,)(asl.

f extreme north sections, while vegetation Corn being planted, and from early -
i not protected was slightly dam Archer-Large area of corn plantedand crops there is some six inches high.

aged over sections further southward.The in good condition. Oat crop Orange trees which have been well at- Why not be your
looking well. The late cold retardsthe
highest temperature reported was tended before the freeze have made

92'" and the lowest 38. For the druss.growth of vegetables.-W. C. An- promising growth. Gardens are back- wn Middle-man? '

State the temperature averaged about ward.-Hy. Crutcher.
f normal, the deficiency being made Amelia-Light frost on 3d, cut Pierson-Some corn large enough Pay but ono profit between maker and
up
(down some Corn and user and that a small just one.
by the excess of heat during the first potatoes. up to be worked. Some cotton and tobacco Our Big 700 Page Catalogue and Buyers
j looking well. Peaches and
two days. As the week closes normal pears will be planted. Vegetables Guide proves that It's possible. Weighs
dropping badly.-C. H. Jacques. 2'/4 pounds, 13,000Illustrations, describesand
heat conditions are being restored doing fairly well.-C. G. Jones.
tellstheone-pro t prtceot over 40,000
Interlachen.Melons
doing finely.
with corn, cotton, cane, vegetable No. Saint Leo-Weather very dry ; no articles,everything you use. We send It
frost. Fine
and berry interests demanding immediate damage by prospect! rain at all.-Blossoms on plum trees for 15 cents{that's not for the book but
rains. for peaches. Pears fair showing. drying and falling. Decidedly cool to pa y part of the postage or expressage,
up
Strawberries well. Need and keep off Idlers. You can't get it too
doing fairly
and and
windy Thursday night Friday. quick.
CONDITION OF CROPS.
rain badly-85 per cent. ,of groves Large shipments of strawberries.- MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.,
While the weather during the week being cared for and budded. Orangetrees ; Charles H. Moore. The Store of All the People

was generally favorable for farm work doing splendidly.. T. Fie- :11-116 Michigan Ave., Chicago.
the conditions conducive Southern District:
were not to

crop growth. Corn and cotton planting kins.Lake Butler-Strawberries, peas, Avon Park-Weather favorable, and

was carried on actively over the etc., were refreshed by rain of the 2d.\ crops doing well. Sugar cane plantedand

western district, the former beingabout Some cotton up while quantity is being doing well. Rice planted. Oranges -

completed. The oat crop i it. is planted. Shipment of strawberriesand and pineapple, where prop-

promising, and likewise fruit prospects peas increasing.-John A. King.1 erly worked, looking nicely.-0. R.

excepting pears which are be McAlpin-Farmers have about t Thacher. ... ,

' ing damaged, in some sections, by finished planting corn this week anda Estero-No damage from frost, not

"blight." Good deal of attention be good deal of the cotton crop. Corncoming to the tenderest plants. Oranges in

ing paid to millet and grasses. up. Nice rain this week. bloom and looking well. Other crops

Over the north district com planting Turning cold with frost on 3d. No doing fairly well.-0. F. L'Amoreaux. 'Lands lorida

will be finished this week, and cotton damage. First part of week very NOTICE.-Correspondents will
will terminate not later than the hot-W. B. Black. please
mail so as to reach the Central 1
reports
x
loth. There is a large territory wherecorn l\IcClenny-'Veek favorable for office Oranges
is six to eight inches andcotton cold Monday. Many valuable reports
high planting, though on 3d, therebeing not received in time for this bulletin.
showing a good stand. Oat some 'frost. Some corn and orts

crop is satisfactory, which sufferedless cotton yet to plant. Pear blight reported A. J. MITCHELL: .

from the frosts than any otherstaple general over sections of coup Section Director. nvestments .

product. Condition of vegetables ty. Peaches and other fruit prospectsgood.H. .

good, and strawberries save over L. Reed. Cabbage are in active demand and ;Developments -:

detached sections, are fine. "Blight"is Central District: are bringing good prices, market quotations .

injuring pears, melons are doing Brooksville-General condition of ranging from $3.00 per barrel attractions

finely, and a large per cent of orangegroves crops good. Cold on 3d did some up. The crop is evidently short, for j5 Address,

receiving attention, the moderate damage in low places. Rain neededin within the past ten days orders for a G. D. ACKERLY,

winter weather having done no some sections. Light showerswould ; dozen or more carloads were received 'CENtRAL PASSENCCR' ACIHT,

damage. Crop growth generally satisfactory be generally beneficial to all here and could not be filled.-Lees- THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, ., .
over the central and southern; crops. Tobacco plant-beds in fine burg Commercial. i
VAKS9NVUIp | !'1.01.,00'j,








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i ft .
fY .
i Y
1896. ffifi JlOfcttA WitMSfc AM rRt1 f Mno !. 23? .
I f' -. -. ,
Ir, -

The Cow Pea-III. better still with an infusion of the JOHN L. MARVIN

roots (with their tubercles) of the President.
H. T.
AS A SOIL RESTORER. BAYA THOS. W. CONRAD
plant which you desire to grow. Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
Valuable as this plant is for its vine Even a soil which is "too poor to CAPITAL $100,000.

i and fruit as food, its superlative ex- grow cow peas" may by inoculationbe

: cellence lies in the property which it made to produce a fairly good '

has of restoring worn soils. This crop. Having once inoculated it, THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

.j property it shares with all leguminous better crops of peas may each suc- ,
plants, but it surpasses them all in ceeding year be grown. It is possi- JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

i producing the maximum results in a ble that the excellent results obtained Respectfully solieits your Deposits, Collections and Geneva

, minimum of time. Clovers, trefoil, from a crop following a pea or clover Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
'i lupins and alfalfa are used in different crop, even when the entire growth -
t countries as soil renovators. They above ground has been removed for

1 are planted in the fall or spring, and hay, are largely due to the immense INVITED.

\ occupy the ground the entire season number of bacteria left in the soil by DIIi.EOTOIrtl 1

f or longer for good results. In the these crops. With the chemical com- John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin
: South the cow pea is planted in the position of the pea plant and the H. T. Baya, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald,

I late spring or early summer, and the knowledge of the facility with whichit Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson

} crop of vines or peas are harvested or draws its nitrogen from the air, one Dr' H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.

t buried for fertilizing purposes in early can readily appreciate the advantageto F
.
( fall. The growth and development be derived from growing a crop of KAFFIR SEED CORN FOR SALE

of this plant is both rapid and enor- cow peas. ,

mous, particularly when planted on ADVANTAGES OF THE COW PEA CROP.i BRAISED HERE IN FLORIDA.I .
good land. It perhaps assimilates
! ( ) It is a nitrogen gatherer. ((2)) It raised fifteen to twenty thousand grains aud over to the one grain planted and saved the
t more plant food in a short time than shades the soils in CHOICEST HEADS FOR SEED. This is not the miserable Sorgo,broomcorn trash,that has been
ri any other leguminous plant. summer, keeping palmed off through catalogues heretofore on us suckers,but I WILL WARRANT EVERY SEED
them in a condition most suitable to OF THIS WONDERFUL GRAIN AND FODDER PLANT TO BE PURE.
This plant, in common with all others Plant from now till in July and raise double the grain and fodder that you can from any other
It of the pulse family assimilates the the most rapid "nitrification, and crop. I will send enough seed,prepaid of either variety to plant one acre for 81 ; two acres,
81.75 four 83.
leaves them friable and loose in the ; acres
nitrogen of the air, and if phosphates,
potash and lime be present in the soil best condition for a future crop. ((3)) WM. L. ORANGE, MANNVILLE, FLA. .
It has root and
a large
development,
t it will grow with great rapidity and hence from rr. ..iI *
pumps up great depths
luxuriance. The manner of assimilation -

t t, of nitrogen has recently been patiently and the mineral large areas matter the needed water,by and the with plant.it AND WHY ?

investigated by scientists and
I ((4)) Its adaptability to all kinds of soils, HE'S :
while the exact process by which it is
stiffest clays to most porous sands, fertile -
accomplished is not yet clearly under-
alluvial bottoms to barren
stood the primary is uplands.
cause clearly ((5)) It stands the heat and sunshine of
shown. If a farmer will pull up care :

fully with its roots a pea vine plant growth Southern enables summers.the farmer(6))in Its the Southto rapid GfiING 1 The bicycle only weighs from 10 to 23 Ibs,

from his field, and examine closely two a on the but he wants the best. It doesn't break down,
same
grow crops year
each rootlet he will if he has selected
,
": a healthy growing specimen, find each soil.: ((7) If sown thickly it will,by its you know. Then' again,
: rapid growth and shade, effectually mfl
one covered with wart-like protuberances -

.:. if examined or tubercles.under a These powerful tubercles micro-, cleansing smother all crop.weeds((8), )and It is thus the serve best pre-as a I U : He Thinks of Selling Bicycles,

known to the Southern
scope, will be found filled with micro paratory crop
farmer kind of well
; every crop grows
organisms or bacteria. They are livingon and he wants something that is "365 days
after it. ((9)) On the alluvial lands of
the and from it
plant are drawing the Mississippi bottoms it serves to D ij ahead of them all," so he buys a KEATING.IF .
the mineral matter requisite for their .
off excessive water
existence. Simultaneously however pump evaporating 1m
j ,
it its thus
: they are assimilating the free nitrogen ing through the soil in great a condition foliage, for keep most I YOU mm IDEAS S

of the air which reaches them throughthe rapid nitrification during the entire ::1 uUE2
porosity of the soil. These bacteria IT
have existence growing season. ((10)) It furnishes a
a ephemeral
very ,
most excellent food in '
large quantitiesfor You'll follow his and A
but for
facility rapid multiplication.
I, great both and animals.
Hence millions die every few man Postal, Uncle Sam's aid, and you have our
With all these advantages, it is no
and absorbed and
moments are appropriated Catalogue.KEATING.
the This wonder that it is called the "clover of .
by growing plant. 1
si 4 * *
living together of the plant and its the South, and were it used regularly
j throughout the South as one of the
seeming parasite,each acting as a purveyor WHEEL CO.
: of food for the other, is a most crops in a regular but short system of .
remarkable discovery made almost rotation, the soils of this section would
soon rival in fertility their primitive HOLYOKE, MASS.
simultaneously by Dr. W. 0. Atwaterof
this and of Ger- conditions. -e- .
country, Hellriegel .
.. ..
them in the as. once. After they a good start it
many. While it has long been known planting orange grove get .
that leguminous plants had the noduleson The Velvet Bean. a manure, instead of buying commer- will require about one day to throw

their roots,and longer still that they Your letter is at hand. At your cial fertilizer. The result was so satis, the vines back from the trees of a

were in some way nitrogen gatherers, request, I will state that I know noth- factory that I was induced to extend five-acre grove.I .

I and therefore soil improvers, yet the ing of the origin of the pea, and can my experience to another grove. I think it will easily average

relations between these nodules and find no one among the old settlers think I can safely say that no one eighteen bushels of peas to the acre.

! the plant were determined only a few that has the least knowledge where the could show up finer growth for the age But I place much more value on the

years ago by these distinguished sci- pea came from. It has been planted of the trees than,mine at the time of vines for the amount of mulch pro

entists. here some twenty years, solely as coverings the last freeze. My land is high pine duced, and the saving of time and

These organisms are believed to for trellises and unsightly places. soil, light sand. :My opinion is that money in cultivating groves. I think

live in the soil, and there are strong My first experience with it was to shadea the pea will do best on dry land if after the peas have been on the land

reasons for believing that each kindof pinery. I planted about a quart at planted in March or April. :My for two or three years it would be wellto

leguminous plant has its own peculiar the posts of the frame, which were ten method is to plant at the first plowing, apply some potash.-A. P. New-

bacterium. Hence it is some- by sixteen feet apart. They grow lux- and to drop the seed every fourth or heart in Florida Experiment Station

times found necessary to "inoculatea uriantly, and so completely shaded the fifth furrow, from three to five peas ina Bulletin.H. .

soil" before it will grow successfully pines that I was compelled to cut and place one foot apart, and cover with ..t-..

certain legumes. This is accomplishedby tear away the vines in places to let in the following furrow. Nothing more S. Elliott, chief clerk of the

applying a light dressing of the the air and sunshine. was done until the pea vine com bureau of information of the Agricul-

soil in which the legume has been The abundance of foliage and vine, menced running. About this time the tural Department, estimates that over

successfully grown, or by sprinkling so completely.. covering the ground after grass was three to four inches high.The 10,000 acres will be planted in tobacco ...
it with an infusion from that soil, or the frost, suggested the idea of I cultivator was then used, but only in Florida this spring. :





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t .

t .238. THE: FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT ORawrtE. APRIL 11,



I Florida Pecan Groves. thirty years ago. THE RURALIST is a strawberries were shipped from this "fTTANTED-- TWO GOOD UDDERS,
,
VV
about April ist. State lowest price per day
, The United States Department of welcome visitor." point Monday night to Northern mar and give recommendations. F. D. WAITS,Belle-

s f. Agriculture, Division of Pomology, This is one of the many straws kets. They were all raised within a view, Fla. 3-2S-3

' J- has issued a very valuable monograph showing the tendency Southwardfrom radius of four miles from Plant City, I HAVE Seedlings THREE,twelve to THOUSAND thirty-six inches POMELO high,averaging -

on Nut Culture in the United States New England, and the Western but most of them grew within the corporate twenty-four inches.and very fine,for sale.A. .

, ., containing 144 pages, copiously and current has already turned, Kansas limits of the town. The ship- J. ALDRICH Orlando, Fla. 3-21-3

elegantly illustrated. The following losing a hundred thousand populationsince ments have been very heavy each night SA L E--DIPEUIAL DWARF

paragraphs are Interesting : 1890. The South is a mighty this week, and probably fifteen thou FOR Suckers S3 per 100,840 per 1000,
II. H. WILKINSON,
with ordtr.
l f.o b., cash
W H. S. Kedney, of Winter Park, empire in prospect, with all the resources sand quarts will have been shipped by Rockledge. Fla. 32I3mTTTANTF.DPOSITION .

R t Fla.. has an orchard of 4,000 trees, of mineral and vegetable pro- to-morrow night.-Plant City Courier. AS WORKING

L covering 100 acres, near the town ofr' ductions within her own borders to Although several hundred of the f f Housekeeper, by middle-aged lady with

Monticello. His varieties are of the supply work and food for a hundred orange trees, in the grove of Mrs. J.M. one given.child.Address The THIS country OFFICE.preferred. 3 References-14-tf.

class called "Mexican papershell," a million-yes, two hundred million- A. Miller that put out sprouts last

general term applied to several distinct population,without crowding. Cheaper summer above the bud, are loaded PLANTS...NOW IS
transportation will hasten the day.- with blossoms rather STRAWBERRY good runners. I have too,-
varieties of nuts. They were grafted a rare thing was 000 Alabama Newmans and 5000 Clouds
in Texas to the order of :Mr. Kedney. Southern Ruralist. noticed about one or two trees where cheap for cash. G. W. JENNINGS Lawtey,
.. __ Florida. 3-7-4
.
-r the from the
To secure the 4,000 trees,about double sprouts came "ground"and
J. worked. Those of our planters who have had blossoms on them.-San THIRST-CLASS HAY PRESS, CHEAP
: that many seedlings were 1: for cash, or will exchange for orange nursery
They were all grafted at the age of staked and pruned their tomatoes find Mateo Item. trees. WILLIAMS & HUBBARD Crescent City,

F" one year in nursery rows, when the that not only is the yield per aere At a meeting of the Fruitland Hor. Florida. 3-7-7 I

r j seedlings: were about 8 to 10 inches greatly increased, but the economy in ticultural Society :Mr. J. H. Harp BUDWOOD FOR is the SALE--Drake time to order and Point be

high. The stocks were cut off just time, labor, land, rent and fertilizer is gave his experience with peanuts. He ready for the first flow of sap. Get it from bud-

f below the surface of the ground and enormous. By thus lifting the plants said he did not plant until the 4th of ded The,following bearing trees varieties, fifteen on to hand eighteen: Parson years Brown old.

split in the center; into these clefts the and fruit from the ground, destructiveworms July. They then mature at a time Harris, Cunningham} Phares Sanford's Mediter-
Riverside Navel Drake Star. We
ranean.Jaffa
grafts were set in January and were and other insects are circum when the weather is very favorablefor also have a limited supply of large Grapefruitbuds.

l well waxed. When the grafts had vented. Mr. J. R. Davis, who intro- the curing of fodder. If planted or 75. cents Prices per of above hundred varieties, delivered.;$5 per thousand Address t

r completed one year's growth the duced this system of staking and early they will mature in the rainy DRAKE POINT GROVE, Yalaha, Lake County.

I'. young trees were shipped from Texas pruning, deserves the united thanks of season and are liable to sprout. He Florida 2-15-3m '
all successful Bartow recommended the BLACK BEST BREED for the South,
** producers. Spanish variety. It
Florida the being then
to grafts ESSEX Pure blood and safe transit guaran-
k about 6 or 7 inches in length. They CourierInformant.The was an upright grower. Would not I teed. For circular address ROSE-
PIGS. LANDPLANTATIONBainbridge,Ga.
J. made but little growth the first year day is hastening when the great get so much fodder, but the nuts clingto 2-29-4

after transplanting. :Mr. Kedney value of the common saw palmetto as the vines much better."CENTAWOKD" SALE.-THE HOME PLACE OF

i chose for his orchard the richest piece a source of potash, fibre and tannic FOR H. Turnley,at Lake Weir, Fla. Five-room

i of land he could find in the State-a acid will be realized. James Brasher, COL UMN.RA cottage call on, stables JOHN,I etc.,. CARNEY,all in,good Lake repair.Weir, Fla.Addressor

f chocolate-colored hammock with red of Cincinnati, 0.,an experienced paper 2-22-10 I

r.f clay near the surface, and well manufacturer, is at Tampa for the pur- .-Twenty words, name and address, FOR SALE for cashtimeortiade,orange groves, \

t\ drained. He has cultivated them as pose of organizing a stock company to one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.. Noth- Fla. and timber lands. E. RUMLEY 3,:Keuka II.16t 7
taken for less than
ing cents.
f- the orange is cultivated in Florida. build a paper mill and manufacture all 25
Advertisements for this column MUST be 1
pre- DESCRIPTION AND PRICE OF
f. After five years' growth (the orchard kinds of paper from palmetto. paid.Send. SEND for sale or exchange to L. W. KER- <

i r was set in February, 1887)) these trees Since the freeze last winter over two Initials no and stamps figures larger count than as two one cents.word.WANTED.A VAN Flonda, 30 Real West Estate Twenty-ninth and Exchange street Office., New York 2-22-6,

ranged from 6 to 20 feet in height.
hundred thousand dollars' worth of
FEW ACHES FIRST-
mEOSINTE, WITH US, EXCEEDS ALL
Mr. Kedney has experienced no par real estate has changed hands in this land for raising orangesor J. forage plants Florida. In good soil,eleven
ticular trouble in maintaining his trees young bearing grove. Location, south of feet high. And we have the seed for sale at just ,
Some of the .
with
most facilities.N.
county. prominent Tampa good shipping half what seedsmen charge. PALMASOLA STORE
; in a fairly thrifty condition; the twig orange-growers in the State have set- .LILIENBERG, ISO Broadway, New York City. COMPANY Palmasola,Fla. 2-29-4 I'

girdler has done some damage, but tled here, and are setting out hundredsof 4--3 l On SALE 100,000 CHOICE TOMATOPlants

this he endeavors to hold in check by acres of trees. Her truck PURE-BLOOD FOLAND-CHINA PIGS 1 ,Livingston's Beauty mostly, at fi.oo
and young superior lot grades bred from per thousand, f.o. b. Plants six to twelve inches
in the winter
gathering twigs shipments will aggregate $100,000.Lee cross of Berkshire and Chester White. J. B. high. Cash with order. THE ELOISE FRUIT ,
burning them.Numerous county may have been hurt by SILVIS Tallahassee, Fla. 4-11-3TEGGARWEED AND VEGETABLE Co., Winter Haven, Fla. tf

other plantings of pecans the freeze, but we would like to see SEED, Cc. per pound<< ; BUDWOOD.-SEND IN YOUR ORDERS
JD forty pounds and over, mail, W. Jaffa, Centennial,
have been made in Florida mainly of 5C.; by 150. l
,
more of the same kind of freezes.- H. MANN, Mannville, Fla. 4-11-6 Hart's Tardiff, Meditteranean Sweet, Maltese
seedling trees. The groves range in Fort Myers Press. Blood, Homosassa, Majorca, Nonpareil and Na-
few of BUD WOOD.--GRAPEFRUIT and PAR vel,are$5.00 per 1,000, or 75C per 100; Dancy
area from a very acres to some BROWN75c., per hundred ; 85 per Tangerine Satsuma, Amory's Blood, Pierce'sRuby
over 200 acres. Throughout all the The Starke Fruit Growers Associa- thousand. Also young orange trees. H. HAR DuRoi Blood, Royal and Improved Pome-
tion is handling a large amount of the BISON, Dade City, Fla. 4-4-3 los, and Eureka, Sicily, Genoa and Lamb's
Southern States there has been
great Lemons are $7.50 per i.ooo, delivered. Budwood
interest for several in plantingthis berry crop this year and is workingfor ROSES Your selection. 5c. Catalogue guaranteed free from White Fly, and true to
years
free.Tennessee.. ED. NIXON, ChHtta- name. W. K. TRIMBLE Braidentown,Manatee
tree, and the aggregate of acres the accomplishment of a very nooga, 3-28-4 County, Florida. 2-15-4
laudable All the derived -- --- ---
that to become permanently purpose. money -
promise woo D.
EIGUTl"
-- THOUSAND CLEANED BEGGAR-WEED
productive is very large. by the association from the BUD Tardiff, Ruby, St. Michael, King, EXTRA .-Sow from six to ten pounds per acre.
packing and shipping of berries above I Tangerine and Pomelo. J. W. & F. D. WAITE, Forty cents per pound, postpaid; ten pounds or
Magnolia Grove and Nurseries, Belleview, Fla. over, f. o. b., twenty-five cents per pound. Writefor
actual running expenses is being con 328tfQ1'1M prices on large quantities to EXCELSIOR SEED
A Look Backward ward.and a Look For- verted into a fund for the purpose ---------.--- FARM, Edgar Putnam County, Fla. 2-8-tf

stated above, and it now seems probable D4 Send for Annual Descriptive TURKEYS, Langshan and Indian
In a letter just received from New that Starke will have an ice factory %%a/A CATALOGUE, BRONZE Fowls and eggs, at reasonable prices.
A newly issued and revised.; Mrs. W. II. Mann, Manville Fla. 10-12-12
England schoolmate. of sixty years by the next shipping season.- : It contains everything

ago, he says : "Farming has improved Starke Telegraph.Dr. 1 s needed and by the Horticulturist FOR SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres
plant-lover.
p acres. Excellent: for stock raising and
since you and I were boys on TA' PLANTS and TREES for tobacco 390
B. Clarkson
W. ,Jacksonville
growing.
Driscoll handed us a letter whichhe
Orchard, Window. Lawn
villages Fla. 8-24-tf
the farm The
.
together. factory ,,,,d or Greenhouse. Largest
received yesterday from A. J.Petti- o ------ --- -- ----- J
make a good market for our nQP collection to select from NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
grew, nurseryman and propagator of in the South. CITRUS Parson Stark's Seedless,
Brown
But I the time 3
see
can
crops. may all kinds of fruits, at Manatee, stating: REASONER BKUIHERS. ONECO, FLA. Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff Grape Fruit,
soon come when the South will com- Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
"We have good news on the white fly such as Nonpareil, Majorca St Michael,
with New in manufact-
pete England We have in the Viser Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. ,..
uring, and we shall lose our good pest. grove a 1 Duncan, Manager, Milwaukee Groves and Nur-
new fungus that increases by mycelium, I series, Dunedin, Fla. 8-17-tf ;
markets. Baltic Cotton mill near us
.
and when start leaf it
one gets a on a
deal wire Prices cut
was burned some and will ANEW on netting. in
years ago, quickly spreads over the whole leaf for them-- We pay freight. Write for our lates ;
probably never be rebuilt, leavingsome them price-list. E. W Amsden,Ormond,Fla. .x.tft
and at once destroys every egg or pupa get plant
two or three hundred vacant '
fthera. They are the GROVE. 100 acres, to set
on it. I think the white fly pestis IRRIGATED years
tenant houses. Cotton goods can be Standard seeds everywhere :SO in other fruit trees etc.
about ended.-Fort Myers Press. sale sacrifice. Address"K "The Palms
the For at a ,
made at less cost at the South where ; sown by
Lane Park.Lake County, Fla. 4 2;- m
the cotton grows. Our best people The Ponce de Leon is now enter- largest planters ill the world.
Whether you plant 50 square feet MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
have migrated to the South or West, taining about three hundred guests-a of ground or 50 acres, you should Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in FlorIda ,
and shall have to follow- them much larger number than the hotel have Ferry's Seed Annual for>96. last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
we or The most valuable book for far write Amsden
particulars E.W. Ormond, Fla.
our children will, to find Yankees. entertained this time last year; in fact, mers and gardeners ever glvea io-i3-tf
all of the hotels are doing a much bet away. Mailed free.
The generation to which we belongedhas D. H. FERRY & C0 LIGHT Brahms, Barred Plymouth Rock and I
mostly passed away, and there ter business.-St. Augustine News. Detroit,Mith- Turkey Eggs for hatching,$1.00 per t
setting. Mrs. C.Gomperts,Lady Lake, Fla. .
are few in Hanover I knew even Nearly .three thousand quarts of I-IH.


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it I 1896. MS jtofcitu PARMa Aitt> p1uttt- nO'"it 239 f

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l' SAYANNAH LINE

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J' TO NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA, ,


'r 48 to 5S hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and _3 .,i:

6S to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. ;I



: OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. = .O 't".I;


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9Cks f
Q. M. SORREL, Man..aQer. F I fI
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' : Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 143.30; j!
1 y Steerage, $I2.SO. jt
or
t
y111
If Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $tc.oo; Excursion, $.U030 ; r jI
i Steerage, $t".2s. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: V aA I

I}: FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. I
ijIf. $.1.1I
I If.. (Central or goO Meridian Time.) i i %I

tf City of Augusta... ... .... ., .................. ............. ... Sunday, March: i, 7.003. m. JiI I
II,; City of Birmingham ..................... ....;...............,...Tuesday, March 3, 8.00a.m. s s s .j!
: Nacoochee ...?......... ..... ......................... .... ............ Friday, March 6, n.oaa.: m. t:
;j. Kansas City........................... ............ ..... ...........Sunday, March 8, 12.00 noon Finest Cuisine and S rrlte. Xo Transfers Between Jacksonville and New Fork.) ;[
City of Augusta ..r............. ................ .........:.... .,....Tue.sday,1tlarch 10, 330 ?. m.
I City of Birmingham ...... ....... .... ............ ............. ...Friday, March 13. 7 ooa. m. The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:
i Nacoochee .. .. .................- .......... ............ .... ....... Sunday, March 15, 'J.OOa. m. 1'
. Kansas City................................................ ..... .Tuesday, March 17, 8.oop. m. "Comanclie" "Seminole1 i I
to* City of Augusta ...... ................:....................... ...... Friday, March 20, 9.00a.m. (new), "JlgonquiD, Iroquois,. Cherokee, !
J! City of Birmingham ................ ... ,................ .........Sunday, March 22, ii.ooa.m. .
; Nacoochee .......... ..... .... ........ .............................. Tuesday, March 24, a.oop. m. ::1
1 J, Kansas City......... ................................... ..II.. ....,..Friday, March 27, 4.00 p m.
/; City of Augusta.......... ........ ................ .. ........ ...... unday, March 29, 6ooa. m. NORTH BOUND.Steamers ill
J: City of Birmingham............. ... ....... .............. .......Tuesday, March 31, 7.00 a. m. are appointed to sail according to the tide.

M I FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. From JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston), .. ..........Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays ,

;:1 Gate City............... ................ .... ........ .......... .... Sunday, March i, 7.00 a. m: Erom CHARLESTON, S. C.,........... ....... . ............ ......Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
t. Tallahassee .................................... ...... ............Thursday, March 5, lo.coa. m. For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
. Chattahoochee ........... .................... ........ ........... Tuesday, March 10, 3.00a.m. i
Gate City .. .............. ............................. .::........ ...Sunday, March 15, 6.303.m. SOUTH BOUND. ,!
I Tallahassee............ .................. ..... ... ............ ....Thursday, March 19, 8.00a.m.
\ Chattahoochee....................... ........ ..:........ ... ........ Tuesday, March 24 i.ooa.m.GateCity.r. Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p.m., as follows:
i .. .......... .... ............ ........ ...... .... .... ........ Sunday, March 29, 6ooa.m.FROM For CHARLESTON, S. C., ............ ...... .......... ............ ....Mondays, Wednesdays and Fr.days j

ti i SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston).. ..... ... ... ...Mondays. Wednesdays and Fr days '"

(These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.)

City of Macon.......... .... .................... ........ ...........Tuesday, March 10, 3.30 p. m.
t. City of Macon ................ .... .... ........ .... .. . ........... Friday, March 20, 8.30 a. m. CliVDE'S ST. .JottNS 1 IVE lkINE
; City of Macon ...................................... ..__.......Monday, March 30, 6.40 p. m.
DE BARY LINE.(
. If THESE PALACE STEAMERS
Jacksonville. Falatka, Sa'llfol'Elltel''lrlse, Fla., and Intermediate .
? Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western Railway, Landings on the St. Johns Jtiver. .
\ } Florida Central & Peninsular Rallroad.f ..
Through Bills of lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer '
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to 4
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. "Oitv of Jacksonville,"
]l;. I,. WALKER,Agent, C. G.ANDERSON, Agent Is appointed to Bail from Jacksonville, Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3.80 p. m., and
r New Pier No.35, North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Iewts'"Whoa, Boston from Sanford on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 12.50 p. m.
J W. X.JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia
., W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York. SOUTHBOUND. NO1tTHB0UND.
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y. Read Uown. I SCHEDULE Read Up.

1 ].I,. ADAMS, Gen'l East Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., York. A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent, Leave 330 p. m I ..... .................. .Jacksonville......._.. .. ._..... Arrive 3oa.m. >\ ._
1 353 Broadway, New E. 306 Washington st., Boston. 8.45 P m.I.... ................... .. Palatka...... .............. Ledve 9.oop.m. "':
W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., u 3.00 a. m'l .... .......... ......... .Astor... ..................... 4-00 P m
l WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, U 4.30 a .................... ........ St.Francis............ ............. .t.2.30 p. m.
i New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. ...... ...... .. ': ...r........ n... ...... ... Beresford .... .... .......... ..... .. 1.30 p. m, ,
Arrive 8.30a. m ...... ........ ....Sanford.............. ............ ..... .. g.ooa.m.
W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS If 9.25 a. m. ........... ......... ... Enterprise... ....... ... :.... If g 3o a. m, .
...... ... .. .... .... .... .......... ....So. Fla. R. R. Wharf.... ....... .. ......11 I h .t.,,o a, m.

I WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., General Passenger and Ticket01 ce. 204 West Bay St., Jt&\hl"uhvllle

A. J. COLE, Green .. York.M. .
Passenger! Agent 5 Bowling ew
H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
J Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers i THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling G ear, New York. .
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville :
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla. t
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville. Fla. f
f 00 WEST BAY ST., J"ACKSONVILLE, F7 A.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents

.j. We Handle Only the Best and :Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of IS South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York


Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal :
,

Cotton Seed Meal. Both Bright and Dark. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE


.
r STATS AGBNTS.FOR PURE GROUND BONE ,
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the

l Yjjgerf-Jllen[1 } >l Ferlllher Co. A NITRATE SODA, BOX MATERIAL-The best advantage.-AUTHORIZED Exchange la fully prepared CAPITAL to supply, $300.000.: boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list and terms.

t Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH -: OFFICERS :-
.
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Ylce President.
GUARANTEED ANA ,YSIS. ALBERT M. IVES,Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER Secretary.
flA SULPHATE POTASH, DIRECTORS-Geo. H. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. HUh Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt
H1Jlsboro Co.; John Fabyan Lake Co.: Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf Duval Co.;
Orange Tin and UeptaWe[ r KAINIT Etc J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. d. Sampson! Marion Co.:): t;. V.Hlllyer,
Marion Co.; John M. Bl'YanJ.Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. 8.Moreman St.
FEETILIZEE. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Reek Polk Co. -
These Pertflixers have no superior In the market and A trial will convince: Addresslall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange Jacksonville, Fla Stencili. -t.
gcnd for CiUlogne free. with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.


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1 240 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND PttU1MttOWJttt: AffclL 11,

.


FRUIT. AND VEGETABLE GROWERS' SUPPLIES.


t ESTABLISHED 18'15.f. .


f.: FERTILIZERS o
i $
.
.. Made from PURE ANIMAL MATTER and HIGH- !
GRADE POTASH, with perfect adaptability) to the ;, ,7 7
J. requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in =-- 3Z
,: j strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot. -
l. l' 'mT The cheapest brand for the quality in the .
,. S market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricultural -

;f-. t"'",. .-., : .. Chemicals, Sulphur,.etc. i r -,,,,.

4
:- ". INSECTICIDES.Pure
; ,h
.., .. '
b ;: ..
i ,, Jl i 0( "''X1,1- I' The old reliable EUREKA has never been I( i 1
t- p.. .1",4! ,.' \ superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite Red Spider,and the I'' /
.t
4 '. ,1j fungus growth. ,
+ t t\ J'fI.'" .
Ti,6Y"THE COCCIDICIDEm i
i
.' Animal fl
It Fertlellezers Is certain destruction to the Aleyrodes Citri(White rjfamilies ),and other I .
r Hatter e of Scale,at all periods oftbeir development.Fatal to the '; ,
Spider,and other insects affedUng Pineapples and Vegetables I rrt -
,# ...
"

SPRAY AND GENERAL PURPOSE PUMPS. I

,.
Rubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at ', "i v -" TIRE"

Manufacturers' Prices. lM, COCK


/ IMPERIAL PLOWS AND CULTIVATORS, !
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.\ I THE BEST MADE.

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.1\. -E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.


1 t -
I
,. Weather Predictions. moon or of first seeing the new moon another freeze or tidal wave that shall the price to producers and more would be
over the right shoulder and of equinoctial engulf Florida, or the Atlantic seaboard produced for transportation. Decreasethe
When the Rev. Irl R. Hicks, or storms, that close observation does sink one-half of Cuba, or bring the price to consumer and the consump
other weather prophet will predict such not warrant. planet in collision with a comet and the tion would be greater and the railway
freezes as those of December, 1894-95, and We once boarded an Atlantic steamerat : end of the world; and there are people companies have more to do.
caution orange growers and truckers to Liverpool? for New York on the 20th who believe them.-Southern Ruralist. Texas and Florida are grand states.
protect their crops, there will be some of September and suggested to the cap- -.. -- They both have an octopus crushing
occasion for confidence in them. tain the probability of a rough passage. Texas Railways and the Producer. their life railway and commission Samp
To explain as a reason for unfulfilled "Why?" he asked. "Because of the sons pulling down on to themselves and
predictions, that some cause switched off, usual occurrence of storms when the sun John Howard in Farm and Ranch the producers, these two great templesof
just outside the planet, the coming ca- crosses the line," we replied. "I have suggests to the Railway Companies that industrv ; they are sawing off the
lamity, or such calamities as those of sailed the Atlantic for twenty years," he they are sawing off the branch on which limb on which they are setting, killingthe
1894-5 were caused by a misplaced switch replied, "and have yet to discover any they sit, between them and the tree, and goose that lays the golden egg; grasping
that caused the accident without their more liability of storms on the 21st of that they will hit the ground hard when a small, temporary gain at the risk
foreknowledge, will not go down in this September, and the 21st of March than at they complete the job, by failing, at reasonable of a great future loss.
matter-of-fact nineteenth century of exact other seasons of the year" and we found transportation rates, to bring _....
science. the September voyage more smooth than the farmer and consumer together. Wichita English made orange marmalade sold
Mr. Hicks' predictions of a polar wave the one in July. has abundance of meat and its producers in Florida and California while carloadsof
were more marked for January, 1896, There are regular wet seasons and dry get little for it, while Galveston, oranges go to=waste.
than for either of the other freezes. He seasons, seasons when the winds blow Dallas, Ft. Worth and other cities pay
succeeds in predicting the weather aboutas and seasons when there is calm weather. fancy prices for it. Two pounds of cotton seed meal can
well as the other fellow who claimedthe There is day and night, seed time and If the railway and commission men be safely fed with bran and other food to
power to cause rain to fall at his will. harvest, spring, summer, autumn and would tote fair, a stock-man would be a cow, increasing the quality and melting
The best meteorologists tell us that there winter, that are almost as regular and located on an average of every 640 acres point of the butter several degrees .and
_. is no possibility of predicting conditions can be predicted almost as surely noon in northwestern Texas, to the advantageof adding to its keeping quality.
of the weather for a longer period than a and night. But all predictions of hurri- the stockman and railway companies. Humus is partially decayed vegetable 1
few days. There is much superstition or canes, cyclones,earthquakes and great ex- Eggs are five to eight cents along the matter, a partially carbonized vegetable x
.... belief in regard ,o a "wet" moon,a "dry" tremes of heat and cold on certain days, lines of railways in Texas, twenty to matter-vegetable matter turning coal. ,
'.;. moon, and change of weather at the weeks and months beforehand have only thirty cents in the adjoining state of It makes our dark colored soils, accord I
.!..t: change of the moon, of the results of plant- amounted to very poor guessing, and Colorado. The right adjustment would ing to quantity, giving them greater 1
ing in the "old or new" moon of beef and seldom hitting it. But like a jackinthebox give Colorado cheaper eggs and the warmth, and they are more readily acted
.' ,, : pork shrinking if killed in the old ornew the weather prophet jumps up with Texas producer more for them. Increase upon by the rain and sunshine. :
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