Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00066
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: February 15, 1896
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00066
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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It 8. Powers,Editor. ... --- .15- .. \. No. 1410 Vol.VIII, NoTT+ -






i on TRIFOLIATA Before buying your Nursery Stock investigate and know what you ate getting.. Know that
you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer. 6 ,

: A Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock. THE POMONA NURSERIES

t. Over 300 Varieties of ..
I ,
.;. are the most Extensive in the State and ofler all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums, Part ';;'
Fruits and Ornamentals. Japan Lemons Persimmons on both Grapes,Figs,Mulberries,Apricots,Almonds.. Satsuma and other Oranges and '

[, Peaches Pears, Plums,,Persimmons Nuts, Grapes,Roses, etc. .
NO AG NTS Catalogue for 1895.* An Up-to-date Horticultural Hand-Book free on application. Over 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs' ,.etc
Correspondence solicited.GLEN .
It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
Write for Catalogue and any infoi mation wanted, t
Macclenny, Fla.
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4 Lots of people in Florida intend to plant tobacco this year and have not SouthideFRUIT
obtained their seed. We have pure fresh seed of the finest strains of Vuelta I '

I Abajo-just what you need for raising,the best grade.of Cigar Leaf Tobacco. j

i Packet. '. '. .. 10 cents. I -pound . .. . $1.50 .'
Ounce. . . 50 cents. I| Pound '0 . . 5- CARRIERS 1

H. G. HASTINGS & CO. Seedsmen 1
The Standard of Excellence.Send .

INTERLACHEN, FLORIDA. for Catalogue and Prices from. FirstHands.. *'

y Catalogue Free. SOUTH S/Df NFl; Co. PfTfHSBUHfi LA : .

TREES AT WHOLESALE.I '. -.- >- ___- .', ; ._., : __ .: '__ u'j: :: : 'j I
will sell Fruit Trees this season to the planter at wholesale prices Address,

Riverside Nurseries Glen St. Mary, Fla. BUDWOOD FOR SALE GROVE: ', -i

11 1 I InT'Q ONE-IIALF REAM, 8x11, FREE, Now is the time to order and be ready for the first flow of sap. Get it from i
To Dairymen and Others who will send 300 to pay postage. budded bearing trees, fifteen to eighteen years old. The following varieties on .. P

,'PARCHMENT USE WRAPPER THE BEST B ITTER BEWARE IMITATIONS OF hand: Parson Brown, Harris, Cunningham,Phareg Sanford's Meditteranean Jaffa, 1
\ Riverside Navel], Drake Star. We also have a limited supply of large Grapefruit a

A. G. ELLIOT & CO., Paper Mfrs., PAPERS Buds. Prices of above varieties $5.00 per 1,000 or 75 cents per hundred, delivered. I J

Dealer in All Descriptions of Paper. PHILADELPHIA, PA. Address DRAKE POINT GROVE, ,. .
Yalaha (Lake Florida. l

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i We hare an Unusually Large and Fine Stock of Hardy Palms, DEE DOVETAILED HIVE. i <:3

\Ik Shrubbery, Trees,Vines and all Manner of Plants, J
.... for House, Lawn or Orchard.Fruit We manufacture them 8- and 10-frame( selected kiln-dried Yellow Pine, and .'-
sell at a low figure. 'f':
Trees, Bamboos Etc.,for situation and "
Economic Plants Feral Orchids Cactus every ;; :
for every climate. Plants sent safely to aU parts of the World. We pack by mail and pay postageat >.3T Get our.prices before sending North and paying heavy freight bills. "H ";I'
rates,or send larger plaotsby express or freight. +
large catalogue illustrated and priced. YANKEE XOYELTY COMPACT, :
KEASQXER. ., Oneco, Fla. E.R,CONVERSE, Manager. Ocala,Floridar
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Orange Tree, Fruit and Vine, Vegetable, Pineapple, Tobacco, &c.


We wish to emphasize the fact that we make high-grade goods only. The We have steadily refrained from making any such goods, although the percentage

State is being flooded just now with new brands of low-grade fertilizers, manufactured of profit would be very much larger than it is on our high-grade fer-

for the emergency, hard times, arising from the freeze of last winter. tilizers. ..:

These Cheap Goods, of the Poorest Materials and Bad Forms, Must be Injurious to the Planter.

They cannot permanently improve his lands. The results produced will i I cultivate a less acreage and use only the best manures. You can make a goodnot

be so good, either in quantity or quality, in flavor or in keeping qualities. crop, with strong plants, with much less labor than you can coax along a poor

That covers all the points where the profits come in. It will pay better to |and sickly lot, and the money results will be far better.

The Mapes Company Use Only the Best Materials and in Forms which are the Results of the

Experience of Nearly Half a Century and of Continuous and Costly Experiments.The .

materials are subjected to a special process, of their own discovery, Send for a copy of testimonials from thirty or forty of the best-known

which causes a chemical change, and are mixed for months before barreling. growers in the State as to the results of the use of our Vegetable Manure for

They go through the assimilation in heaps that must otherwise take place the year 1895. MFL.. Dozier, our agent at Ocala, writes June 10, 1895, as

in the ground when they are freshly mixed. When shipped they are ready for follows :

the immediate consumption of the plant, and that is why they produce crops "I have been your Agent for five years, and the only complaint I have

from ten to fifteen days earlier than home-made or any fresh mixtures will do. ever heard from those who used your goods in my district was that they are

They make vigorous plants that will stand drouths far better than those sold strictly for cash, while all the others can be bought on long time. In my

grown with poor materials in poor forms. Common sense must teach Us that, judgment, if they were all put on the same basis Mapes' would sweep the

and we have had a great many testimonials on that point. State."


The Mapes Company made no bad debts by the freeze and have no goods. On the other hand, they have have been able to make a large reduc

losses to make up by increasing their profits or reducing the standard of theirTHEY t tion in the price of them this year, and at the same time keep up their standard.



has had most wonderful success in Pennsylvania and Connecticut in producing Choice Wrappers that have brought exceptionally High Prices.

JGST Write for a Tobacco Pamphlet.
Ammonia. Phosphric Acid. Potath.

GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Mapes' Tobacco Manure, Florida Brand . . . . 5 to 6. 4 to 5. 6 to 7.

The Mapes Orange Tree, in 200-lb. bbls. f. o.b. Jacksonville, per ton, $37.00 Here is the record of the official analysis of their manures for the year

Fruit and Vine, 39.00 1895 at the Florida Experiment Station :
11 Ammonia. Avail. Phos. Acid. Total Phot. Acid. Potah.I .
Vegetable, 40.00 Orange! Tree . . 4.67 7.46 11.22 3.81
Pineapple, 38.00 Fruit and Vine . 3.04 7.06 9.55 11.47
"Tobacco, 38.00 Vegetable . . 5.91 7.84 10.22 5.68

air ALSO DEAL IN- fiST For any further information, write


SULPHATE POTASH, Foot of Ocean Street,


'' CHEAP" FERTILIZERS. [From New Enland Homestead Dec.28, 1895'] of all three ingredients It is the concerns that methods for determining approximately rela-
IMPORTANT TO USERS OF! FER have capital invested in plants that are most tive availability of nitrogen and on subsequentpages
I likely to remain in the business, and are the ones is given a report of the work done dating
Prof. E. B. Voorhees, Director of the New Jersey TILIZERS. that in the long run are likely to look well to the past year on this point
State Experiment Station, in the "Rural New Shyster concerns that-manufacture all sorts of their reputation, for they have more at stake. "While various inferior griculturally worthless .
Another point that strengthens this caution is forms of nitrogen are in the market the
Yorker." June i, 1895 in an exposure of a so- materials and put their goods: on the market in that in most States the analyses of fertilizers are main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizer
called "cheap" fertilizer sold! in Philadelphia, all sorts of conditions, in order to get some of the not made until after the spring trade i*over. i>in dealing with firms which have an estab- .
says: "In the purchase of fertilizers,a any farmers trade of old-established and reliable firms,are as lished reputation and in avoiding 'ch ap' goods
characteristic of the fertilizer trade of other "
as "VALUATION" OF FERTILIZERS. offered by irresponsible parties. Page 39.
are still guided by price per ton rather than trades. Any one who puts out a fertilizer can
Fall to Determine the or Preparations of Leather.
by the amount and quality of the plant-food fur- get it officially analyzed at the Experiment Sta- They Quality
in their the <-ooda---Established Reputation the As has been proved abundantly by experiment:
tions, and it app ars reports but ,
. nished,hence pay anexorbitant price per poundfor farmer does not know whether the concern is re Slain Security to the Purchaser. leather,whether in its untreated state or steamed
the constituents. A low price per ton does liable or not The Connecticut Station, in its an- [Extract from Annual Report of the Connecticut or toasted and pulverized, has no value as a
not always mean a cheap product; it frequentlymeans nual report for '95, just out emphasizes the fad Agricultural Experiment Station (Prof. S. W fertilizer. The State fertilizer law wisely forbids
for the that iu buying mixed fertilizers farmers must Johnson, Director),for Year 1895. Issued December its use in any form as an ingredient of commer
an expensive one. legitimate expenses
rely to a great extent on reliable dealers,and says: 1895 ] cial fertilizers without explicit printed certificateof
of preparation, shipment and sale are pro The main security of purchasers of mixed fertilizers ''These valuations,it must be remembered are the fact, such certificate to be conspicuously:
portionately much greater for low-grade than for is in dealing with firms which have an based on the assumption that the nitrogen, phos ffized to every package,' etc:.
high-grade Roods. Farmers should remember, established reputation,and in avoiding 'cheap' phoric acid and potash in each fertilizer are "The materials on which the following analyses
%+ '. first that nitrogen phosphoric acid and potash goods offered by irresponsible parties. The readily available to farm crops. Chemical exam were made were used in vegetation experiments
, are the only constituents direct fertilising value, caution is certainly needed,when: more than one- ination can show pretty conclusively whether to be described on following pages.
..F and mixtnrt s containing all of these in good third of the nitrogenous superphosphates sold in this is true in respect to potash. There Li less "4565. Ground leather,imported from Englandfor
forms cannot be secured for a low price per ton, Connecticut do not furnish in all resptctts,aU certainty regarding phosphoric acid,while chem use as a cheap 'ammoniate in mixed fertilizers. -
( unless they are contained in very small amounts; the manufadurtrs claim for them. Out of ical examination, at it is usually made, (rives The method of manufacture i*unknown.It .
and second,that the expenses of handling are six brands,twenty-one are below the seventy'i little or no clue as to the avatiabttitv of the is a brownish black powder, in appearance
Quite a*great for'make weight' as foi materialsof urers' minimum guarantee in respect of i organic nitrogen of mixed goods. This Station resembling dried blood.; When pulverized it
actual fertilizing value. gredient five in respect of two and one in has been for some years engaged in a study of emits an odor of benzine."Page ao.



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ORANGE TREES. enough ; they threw out shoots ten or our issue of January r r. This, in a I I doing so it is found necessary to purchase -
twelve feet long the first year. But word, is the splitting of the stub across I'I < and destroy all infested trees.
Dead Wood and Living. in spite of all precautions the water the middle, the insertion of a cion This could be done now easily, but if
With a majority of the growers penetrated the interior, rotted the sharpened on both sides, bark to bark delayed a few years the species will
there is now no longer a doubt that, wood clear to the ground, and those with the stock, and protecting with doubtedless become permanently es-
where one intends to restore a groveat wounds became loathsome cancers. moist earth, clay, wax, or somethingto tablished." At this time had there
all, the proper course to pursue was Year after year the wood was chiseled exclude the air.Quarantine been State laws requiring the destruc-
to cut off the dead wood clear to the and scraped out, until finally the trees II .. tion as public nusiances of trees
ground right alter the freeze. Even were nothing but hollow cylinders, Laws Necessary. harboring infectious diseases, the pest
when there were left blotches and with shells an inch or two in thick- Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: could have been easily eradicated.In .
streaks of green, where a little sicklysap ness, split asunder on one side; and Another illustration has come to my 1885 Mr. H. G. Hubbard de.
crept up a valley on the south within one of these friendly shelters a knowledge showing clearly how necessary scribes how the pest was introducedinto
r side of some tough old seedling and hen hollowed out her nest, sheer on it is that we should have State the vicinity of San Mateo by in-
kept up a delusive show of life well the ground, and her eggs were the quarantine laws in Florida. During a fested lemons being brought from Orlando *
along through the summer, or even only fruit the tree ever produced. recent visit to Ft. Myers I learned of and packed for shipment at this
until fall, but died at last, it would Subsequent experience has taughtus the occurrence in a grove east of town point.
have been the part of wisdomthoughit better. It has taught us to aban- of a new scale insect. An examina- Several years ago the red scale was
might have seemed cruel at first-to don orange culture as far north as tion of the grove revealed the presence introduced into a grove at Stanton, as
cut off everything down to a point Bradford county, but it taught us also i of the red scale (Aspidiotus near as can be learned, by being car
where,when a piece of bark was peeledoff that there are better ways to restore a I ficus). On inquiry I learned that the ried from Orlando on clothing. It
the underside would glisten with frosted tree. Let the shoots come up trees for planting this grove had been also appeared at Braidentown; in the
fresh sap and give forth the unmistak- from the ground-on the stump, or obtained from a nurseryman at Or- Manatee\ section, a few years ago, be-
able orange smell. taproot if possible-where there is no lando. The vicinity of Orlando is ing apparently brought from Orlandoon
But a year has now passed and Na- compromised wood behind them. the hot bed of infection for this scale: nursery trees. The only other iso-
ture has about done with her surgery Leave three or four or half a dozen, pest, it having been first introducedhere. I lated region yet known to be infestedis
which nan neglected to do. Where or even more if the tree was large, to There can thus: be no doubt Fort Myers, as described above,
strong sprouts have come out above form the new tree. Bud them if you that the pest was introduced into Ft. where it is hoped that it has been
the bud, perhaps even several feet up, will, but bank them anyhow. Cover Myers by transplanting infected trees killed out. It is plain that had suit..
is it best to recreate a tree from them? the top of the old stub with dry sulphur from Orlando. The nurseryman send- able quarantine laws been in effect
When cold wind kills an orange tree bank it several inches deep with ing out infected trees of this nature is probably this spreading would have
it girdles it within a foot or two of the earth, and keep it soj; then in' the really guilty of criminal offense, and been prevented, or the pest promptly
ground, just as a hot wind in the Pa- rainy season-though perhaps not the State or county allowing their exterminated when once its occurrence
cific coast regions sometimes does until the second year-the shoots will introduction is guilty of willful neglect. became known in a vicinity.The .
with deciduous fruit trees. It was for throw out roots of their own in all The nurseryman who sent these treesis I spread of the white fly or mealy
this reason that life often lingered sev- directions, some of them directly over now out of business, I am told, or I I. wing (Aleyrodes citri) in the State has
eral feet up and made a pretense of the old stub. This is especially neces- should be tempted to give his name. also furnished numerous illustrations
growth, while the bottom was as effect- sary when the tree was small and only Fortunately the gentleman at Ft. where such laws would have been
ually girdled as if done with an axe one shoot is preserved, to prevent it Myers in whose grove the pest was beneficial. A like history to that: of
and the tree was doomed. But now from being split off by the winds. introduced realized the necessity for the red scale could be traced for almost -
that Nature has abandoned all show of As the shoots grow, let them branchas prompt action in such cases, and. cut all our serious plant diseases.
growth in places where it cannot be low down as they will, and remove back the infested trees and defoliatedthe Infectious diseases are continually
maintained and has sharply drawn the none of the branches. Twist some of other trees in the near vicinity.As being spread from State to State and
line between the living wood and the these small twigs together across the the pest had only spread onto sev. from county to county by the sendingof
dead, what is to be done about makinga inside space and insert the ends of eral trees, so far as could be learned, infected nursery stock. It is not
new tree? them under the bark of shoots on oppo- we have reason to hope that it has altogether the fault of the nurserymen.It .
If the tree was not above two or site sides of the stub. These will bind been stamped out in this locality. If is the fault of the people of the State
three inches in diameter and there is the shoots into one trunk, as it were, the owner of the infected grove at Ft. for allowing it. There are many con
a strip of live bark reaching two- and make it strong.If Myers instead of being a true citizen scientious nurserymen who would not
thirds or even half way around, it is possible to anticipate it, do not had been an "obstructor," in the lackof think of spreading a pest in this way
practicable to make the tree grow so wait for June to do all the budding.Dig suitable State laws nothing could if they could prevent it. With others,
vigorously as to draw these sound lips down to the tap-root or to live, have prevented the pest from spreading however, penalties liable to follow
together over the dead strip and cov- strong bark in a valley and insert to other groves in the vicinity.The I sharpen the eyes and quicken the re
er it out of sight. But if the tree was sprigs three or four inches long and history of the introduction and membrance. The only safeguard is
much larger than that it is a hopeless not quite as large as a lead pencil. spread of the red scale in Florida is to have suitable laws requiring the
These sprigs must be dormant,or nearlyso. replete with cases where suitable quarantine quarantining of trees till they are foundto
task.Every successive layer or concentric Sharpen them off with a long laws might have saved the be free from infectious diseases, and
ring of growth becomes thinner as the slope, an inch or more, all on one State thousands of dollars by prevent- requiring their proper disinfection, if
tree waxes older. As the circumference side; lift the bark of the stump with a ing the introduction of the pest and found infested. Until suitable laws
expands it becomes more and knife-blade and slip the sprig down its spread. On page 299 of the Re- are adopted, it is the duty of every one
more difficult for the live bark to creep with the cut side next to the wood. port of the Department of Agriculture introducing nursery trees from a distance -
across a dead place and cover it up. Bank up a mound of moist earth for 1880 Professor Comstock to see that they are properly dis
When a section of skin is burned off a around it and pat it down smooth and gives the following data as to the in- infected.
healthy, vigorous child it will rapidly tight to preserve moisture in the sprig troduction of the red scale into Flor- HERBERT J. WEBBER,
heal over; but if the same surface is until it can lay hold. Leave only the ida. "I have been unable to find Special Agent, U. S. Depart
burned on an elderly person, it will top end of the sprig above ground. this species in the last named State ment of Agriculture.Subtropical
take a skillful surgeon, patching it Mr.\ Dudley W. Adams, of Tangerine (California), and have found it only ina Laboratory, Eustis, Fla.
here and there with bits of transplanted sprig-budded this way a year ago, single grove in Florida. This is ...
skin, a long time to cover over the and he now has hundreds of trees six the grove of Messrs. Holmes and California Oranges and the Frost.
burn. to ten feet high, well branched out, Robinson, near Orlando, in Orange The exaggerated and conflicting reports -
In 1886 the writer had five large and some of them will probably bloom county. The insects were first observed that have gone east in referenceto
trees killed down to stubs varying from and bear this year. We are justifiedin here in the spring of 1879 on the freeze of December 29-30 in
two to five feet long. Most of them this belief by the Mandarin prece- a sour orange tree which was brought southern California are partly ex-
were killed much further down on the dents of 1835, as related some months from Cuba in 1874. On learning these plained by the fact that only recently
north side than on the south side and ago by our Plummers correspondent.This facts I sent specimens to a friend at has the full extent of the damage
these were amputated with a slop- is also true of the Bradley Com- Havana in order to ascertain if the done become apparent. Growers,
ing cut. For the next year he spent pany's grove at Altamonte Springs, so species occurred there. He at once I dealers and newspaper correspondentsare
nearly as much time on those five far at least as size and forwardness are returned me other specimens with the I naturally unwilling to make definite .
miserable stubs as on the 250 good concerned. information that it is a very common statements until sufficient time
trees. He painted the wounds of Where the stub is not over I pest in public gardens of that city. I has elapsed for the full effects of the
some and puttied some. When they inches in diameter, the orange may be It would be a good invest- frost to show both upon the trees and
"season-cracked" he painted and put. successfully propagated by cleft-graft. ment for the orange growers of Flor- the fruit.It .
tied them again. They grew well I ing, as described by :Mr. Adams in ida to eradicate the pest, even if in is now apparent that the River.

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S.A"VB NIONE"Y: j ti i

By buying nothing for your ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES and PINEAPPLES except our new


Ammonia :5 to 0 per;cellt. ,.
Available Acid S "
Phosphoric 7 to
Actual Potash 4 to 5 "
I6r This Brand is made from the Purest Ammoniates, Superphosphates and Potash. -
We keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND

BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.
Correspondence and Inquiries( Solicited. I




side crop is practically ruined. Riv- Redlands. These valleys vary in three hours would be ruined should lemons injured by the frost ; many I
erside is the oldest orangegrowingsection width from two miles to twenty. Theyare the same degree of cold continue for orchards suffered none at all, and the i
in southern California and the bounded on the north, south and six or eight hours. tender growth of lemon trees and i
largest producer. Her crop this year east by mountain ranges. They are These facts were illustrated in the lemon blossoms were untouched.
was estimated at 3,400 carloads,out ofa I traversed on the north by the Santa recent freeze. This season has been Very young citrus trees were damaged .
total of 10,000 for the State. The I Fe Railroad, and on the south by the very dry. Only a slender thread of in some places, but old trees none
estimates of the loss have been placedat Southern Pacific. It is up grade all snow rests on the highest mountains, worthy of note." This report was,
from 50 to 90 per cent. It is unquestionably the way from Los Angeles to Red- where usually their slopes are covered perhaps, as accurate as could be made !
much nearer the l latter lands, the most easterly town, 1,300 halfway to their bases. The total at the time, but later observations I
figure than the former, and the frost feet above the sea. The only other rainfall up to the night of the frost had have shown that the. damage was
was so general that probably not fifty orange-growing sections are Orange been less than two inches. The air I greater than at first estimated. It will t
carloads of absolutely uninjured fruit county, immediately south of Los Angeles was dry and heavily charged with I be noted that the temperature was
could be picked from that now re- ,and portions of San Diego coun- electricity, and the frost occurred at lower than at Redlands though higher
maining on the trees. Much of it ty, a hundred and fifty miles still far- a time when the days had been for than at Riverside.
has fallen to the ground as a result of ther south. The relative importanceof weeks unseasonably warm. The frost Admitting that the crop of River-
rain. Some of the young orchardsare these sections may be seen from the was preceded by a high, dry wind, side county is practically destroyed,
apparently dead, and the leavesare following estimates of their respectivecrops which swept the air of every particleof we still have nearly all the crop of
falling from the trees in many of for this year: Los Angeles coun- moisture. This wind died away Los Angeles county, or approximately,
the older ones. The proportion of ty, 3,750 car loads; Riverside, 3,400; before night. The cold set in soon 3,000 car-loads. The crops of Orangeand
trees actually killed will be very San Bernardino, 1,700; Orange, 800; after nightfall, and continued until San Diego counties, originallyabout
small, but in many orchards the trees San Diego, 180. sunrise. The lowest point reached by 1,000 car-loads, have not been
have been so badly injured that the Frost in Southern California always the thermometer at Riverside was 17; hurt by the frost; but the bulk of
yield for a year or two will be greatly depends upon purely local conditions; the lowest at Redlands, fourteen miles these are grown near the coast, and
decreased. it is never the edge of a cold wave from distant, but on higher ground, was are not as fine as those grown in the
Next to Riverside, Ontario and Pomona the North, as was the case in Florida a 26. This difference of eight or nine interior. They are frequently in-
suffered most. In these district year ago. The mountains and desertsto degrees made the difference betweenthe fested with scale, and have to be washed -
the young trees are somewhat injured, the north and east prevent this. It destruction of the crop at River- They are much more acid than
and frost which would produce suchan occurs usually during the longest nightsof side and its escape uninjured at Red the interior orange, and lack the rich,
effect on the trees must have frozen the year, and is a result of the rapid lands. Most of the other sections of burnished color which the hot winds
many of the oranges. But probably cooling of the earth after sundown, San Bernardino county which grow from the desert give the latter. Theyare
not more than fifteen per cent of and the rapid radiation of the earth's oranges are, like Redlands, on high also much slower in ripening, and
the oranges in these localities have heat through a rarified atmosphere.This ground, being the warm, sunny slopesof for this reason most of the crop is still
been injured, and this would amountto cooling process begins soon after the foothills. They escaped, except upon the trees in these localities. In
only a few score carloads. Noneof nightfall and continues until sunrise. in a very few of the lowest and San Diego county some oranges are
the trees have been killed, and the the cold growing greater as the night most exposed localities, in which there grown in the sheltered valleys back
damage will not materially affect their advances, and being greatest just before was damage, so slight, however, as to from the coast, and are of excellent
production another year. sunrise. There is greater liabilityto be practically of no importance what quality, but the coast grown productis
Allowing for the fruit shipped east frost in dry seasons than in wet, be- ever. In Los Angeles and Orange a sour fruit, of a light,almost lemon
before the frost, which was somethingover cause radiation is more rapid througha counties there was frost, but not color, and full of "rag." However,
400 carloads, and the highest rea- dry atmosphere than through one enough to injure the oranges to any the whole product this county, 180
sonable estimate of the frozen fruit, which is charged with moisture. Low- great extent. These sections are near- car-loads, is too small to be of much
there are still left in southern Califor- ,I lying lands suffer most, because the er the coast, and the air is not so dryas importance at present. In San Ber-
nia from 5,000 to 6,000 car loads of : coldest currents of air settle closest to in the interior. The location of nardino county there are about 1,000
oranges which are uninjured, and the ground, while the warmer currents Pomona is in the middle of a wide carloads left, nearly all of which are
which include a large proportion of linger longest on the higher slopes, plain and is, therefore, more like that the very choicest fruit that California
the very finest fruit. It may be diffi- and also because the lower lands do of Riverside than some of the other produces. The original estimate of
. cult for the eastern man to understand not receive the rays of the morningsun localities, and the district suffered ac the best portion of this county was :
how orchards within a few miles of as quickly as the higher latitudes. cordingly. The United States weather Highlands, 200 car-loads ; Redlandsand
those (frozen escaped entirely, and I This item of the sunrise is an important observer at Los Angeles had the following Crafton, 700, and Colton Terrace,
will state some facts about topographyand one where the frost is a constantly to say about the frost at Pomona 100. Of these about 350 cars have
climatic conditions which may increasing factor for destruction in his report for January 7 : gone forward, most of it as early fruit,
help to explain it. through the night: and where the "The temperature, December 30 last, at a high price. There was no dam-
The orange growing sections of amount of damage is largely depen- at sunrise, ranged from 23 to 27, age whatever in these districts by
Southern California lie principally in a dent opon the length of time that the which was no doubt correct as the frost. This makes about 5,000 car-
series of valleys extending from Los cold endures. Trees and fruit which flowers and vegetation showed the loads of fruit left unharmed. Muchof
Angeles seventy miles eastward to I would, perhaps, withstand cold for I fact. There were but few oranges or the fruit still upon the trees at


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Of planting a Melon Crop for Market,
-f.1 before writing me for full particulars as
to my new Melons,

l F' .yi

"BLUE GEM 'I.f';(<(.

i rz 't.;:.'t-;:t:.':
"SWEETHEART""DUKE g 4 z :1I'r.


JONES. ..-'-
rrn"y &'
All Parties buing of me get full di-
rections how
and market
,, to grew your
I crop. .
MONTICELLO, Fl.A., July 1st, 1895. :I I I -.
We certify that W. M. Girardeau weighed in our presence six of hi-1 j -- ----- ---.- .
new "Triumph" Watermelons, their weights being 67, 68,68,70,71 and 76''! .
pounds. Total for the six melons, 420 pounds, j Send for Catalogue full of information as to .-.:':);.'
T. M. PUI.F.STON, j \, Melons, Cantaloupes, Florida Corn, Giant Beg- :t"'. : ,' .
Couniy Judge. I Weed Shell Pecans ;: : .
I gar Paper etc. etc. IL ... ,
a r, !. .
Clerk Circuit Court. ,, .
Mayor of Monticello. AIo iitieello: P'1c. GIANT BEGGAR WEED.

Riverside will be sold, and the amount ange. The remainder of the fruit for thick wash should be carefully appliedall as though the greater number had
will be anywhere from 300 to 1,000 warded from Riverside this year will, about the base of the tree and in been allowed to mature. At first
car-loads. doubtless, be open to suspicions of crotches of the main branches early sight it looks like a big undertakingto
The early shipments of oranges these: undesirable changes,but this will each May. pick by hand all the way from 2-,
were, in the opinion of many, a blun- be only a small proportion of the total This should be followed up by an 000 to 3,000 peaches from each one
der. The best of the fruit was immature still remaining for shipment.It inspection of each tree in October and of the thousands of trees in a com-
and could not possibly give is absurd to compare this partial digging for borers whenever there is mercial orchard. It is not half so
the consumer a favorable notion of disaster with the destruction of the any trace of them. In the South, difficult as it looks, and if it were, it
the California orange. The action of Florida orange groves a year ago. where cotton-hull ashes are abundantand must be done if the finest fruit is ex
growers and shippers after the freeze :I Riverside has about 7,000 acres of cheap, we use these as our source pected. Thinning cannot be done
was injudicious, if not actually dis bearing groves, and if all of them had of potash and also in place of lime. with safety till after the so-called
honest. A demand was made upon been destroyed,instead of the possiblefive Once we have made the mistake of "June drop," which usually takes
all the outside districts for packers, or ten per cent that have been destroyed making the wash too strong of potash, place after the peaches are one-half
and frozen oranges were rushed out of and the twenty or thirty per and so have scalded the bark on some inch or more in diameter. This drop
Riverside at the rate of fifty carloadsa cent that have been injured, the loss of the young trees. and curculio stings should always be
day. A few shipments were also would have been balanced by the new A single tree or orchard establishedon taken into consideration, so that we
made from Pomona. False and contradictory groves coming into bearing in other the lines here laid down is almost seldom begin to thin peaches until
reports were sent out I. localities. certain to give some fruit nearly every they are three-fourehs of an inch in
through the Associated Press and There has been a heavy loss at Riverside year, and, in a majority of seasons, diameter. We then pick by hand
other agencies, which confused the three years during the past six, more than the trees can well sustain. every peach that is stung or in any
eastern buyer. It is also alleged that and the frost this year seems to indi- There should be no "off year" with way diseasnd or disfigured, and put
frozen oranges were packed under the cate that the location has not justifiedthe peaches, except when fruit or bios them into bags to be carted away and
brands of localities where no damagehad heavy plantings made there. Experience som buds are entirely killed by frosts ; cremated, after which we continueand
been done. The Southern Cali-- now shows that the higher for right culture, proper feeding and drop to the ground the great bulkof
fornia Fruit Exchange; which was lands are best adapted to citrus culture.It pruning should each bear stimulate the crop, leaving on the trees the
organized ostensibly to protect the also shows that California is only sufficient new growth to furnish far best specimens so far as possible, not
growers, did its share toward demoral- upon the northern edge of the true more fruit buds than are required for less than 4 and usually 5 or 6 inches
izing the market by injudicious ship- citrus belt. The sheltered, sunny, foot abundant crops. The right selectionof apart. Even with this treatment the
ments. This hasty and ill-advised hill lands have never lost crop through location, soil, and variety will ma- maturing crops have often admonishedus
action is to be regretted, as it has frost, but to come within six or eight I terially aid in overcoming climatic to thin more next time rather than
caused a loss of reputation greater, degrees of loss every year is not a pleasant conditions, so that in frequent yearswe less.While
perhaps, in the end, than the million experience for the grower who an- are confronted with the problem of harvesting last September I
dollars or more actually lost in the ticipates a return of from $300 to $600 what to do with the surplus fruit. resolved that the rule for the future
value of frozen fruit. an acre from his orchard. If the market I. Overbearing is the besetting sin of the should be not more than 150 peachesto
The fruit most badly frozen is now recovers, as it should, from the de- peach tree ; judicious pruning holds be left on any 3-year trees, 250 for
upon the ground, abandoned as worth. moralizing effects of the frost, the best this in check somewhat, and in sea 4-year trees, 400 lor 5 year trees, and
les. One packer at Riverside threw groves will pay very handsomely this sons of overabundance almost reck- seldom more than 600 for trees of any
away, last Thursday, twelve car loads, year, and will be as good a hard-times less pruning may be admissible as the size or age.
.. for which he had paid $7,000. The investment as any one could wish.- quickest way to dispose of much of Six hundred peaches may make one
loss will come heavily upon some of Redlands Letter in Garden and Forest. the surplus fruit, after which hand- bushel or six. If the 600 are a part I
the packers who had bought early, and --. .. picking of the green fruit will have to of the 5,000 or 6,000 that a fullsizedtree t
took their chances of a frost. Badly Southern Peach Culture.-IV. I be resorted to. A well-grown 6 year- often might attempt to mature, !
frozen oranges rot and fall to the Borers are always more or less old tree will often set as many as 3- it is likely to be one bushel ; while, if I It t
ground after a few days, especially if troublesome, in every section, especially -I 000 to 4,000 peaches, which, if reduced the 600 be the selected few from the :I
there is rain. Fruit that is frost-bitten, to young trees. I have found : to 500 or 600, will]) give as many that were rejected at the thin- !
but not frozen, will remain upon the that a wash made of 10 pounds of potash many pounds or bushels as the greater ning-out time, it is more than likely to
tree. The juices evaporate through the and i quart of crude carbolic acid i number, be more beautiful in color, be six bushels instead of one. And, '
skin, and the pulp becomes dry and to each 50 gallons of water, with lime better in quality, and, if offered in judging from a money basis in our
tasteless. Sometimes the flavor is in- enough added to make it adhere dur- market, sell for three or four times as orchards for a series of years, the ratiois
jured, although there is no apparent ing all the early part of the season, much, while not affecting the vitalityof not less than sixteen to one, proving
change in the appearance of the or- will keep the most of them out. This the tree to nearly so great a degree conclusively to my mind that thor-

--- -
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'- -- -' : :=U-
.- - -UJ.
.----.-" --'- -'- _


l t



.. _... .. ;
: : : '::"::--; : :: :--: -: =' -' :' ::: : ::: -= -:;:::---: :: '':'::::: :- ; '':' :-:

& Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to. :


Ammonia, 434 to 55 Z per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent.
Potash Actual 6 to 8 cent.
( ) per
to of Potash 11 to 13 cent.
Equivalent Sulphate per

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed-, Meal,- Nitrate- of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid. Phosphate. and Sulphate of Potash.
--- ----- -
We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Us for Prices before Buying.

\viTvSOiv & ITOOMJ: R, Jacksonville,
Insecticide Lime, $7.00 per Ton,
Seed Potatoes at Wholesale Prices. THE P rILIZER HOUSE OF FLORIDA..

oughly thinned peaches are fruits of make them worth 50 cents to $i per mer&Tttueken cost. I will say right here that I have
gold.The bushel at the shed, everything is Fat seen some very fine crops grown from
be worth here and is -- seed taken from and small melons
greatest profits can only se saving daily gath- - large
cured through the most careful han- ered from under the trees and broughtto Melon-Growing in the South. indiscriminately. On the other
dling, honest packing and prompt delivery the packing shed. Now and thena Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: hand, I have raised a magnificent crop
of the fruit into homes of con few baskets of "specks" are unsold, This industry, that fifteen years ago of melons along side a neighbor whose
sumers in the most attractive package I but even such a small quantity is worth was in its infancy, with only a few crop was complete failure, both grownon
possible to secure, consistent with rea- while looking after carefully every dayof shipments from around Augusta Ga., the same sort of land, and I attribute -
sonable economy. the season. and a few cars from near Valdosta, my success to my good seed and
Our fruit is not picked until it The peach business of to-day is of Ga., has grown year by year until now his failure to his poor seed. Therefore
reaches full maturity in size and col such vast importance, and respondsso we have thousands and tens of thou- there may not be as much in this
or, this to be judged entirely by the readily and bountifully to closest sands of carloads going to the markets extra care and cost in selecting your
color of the under or most shaded care and attention, that its highest each season, with our melon districtsof planting seed, or securing them from
side of each peach, without handlingit possibilities can only be attained by Georgia, of Florida, of South and some party who does, as I think thereis.
until after it has been decided to earnest thought and attention every North Carolina, Alabama, Texas, Still I believe strongly enough in
pluck it. Gathered at this stage, they day in the year, and the greatest rewards Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Delawareand it to go this trouble and expense each
should be in fair eating condition will surely come to those who New Jersey. Fifteen years ago succeeding year to select my plantingseed.
within twenty-four hours, in perfect pay closest attention to every detail of the only melon ever seen loaded in a .
condition in forty-eight hours, and the business. car was the old Augusta Rattlesnake ; BEST SOIL.
yet, if rightly handled, most of them .. I then came the popular Kolb's Gem, The best soil for watermelons is a
That Evil Stock Law.
will keep nicely from three to five days, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: that held sway for many years, and in rich, sandy loam that ,has been in cultivation -
or even longer if paper wrapped. Inclosed find my check on Titus- the last few years we have had the for say two years. Break this
After being plucked from the trees ville Bank for $2, renewal of subscription Dixie, Duke Jones, Florida Favorite, land about four inches with a turn
into shallow I2-quart picking baskets, I for ensuing year. Blue Gem and Sweetheart, all popu- plow, follow immediately behind the
the fruit is hauled to the packing shed Keep up the war on our infamous lar shipping sorts. This season I finda turn plow with a medium size shovel
in a low, broad tired orchard spring fence law. It is an outrage and a great demand for the old Georgia plow, putting the shovel in deep just
wagon constructed expressly for that shame that in this enlightened day Rattlesnake, particularly from the behind the turn plow, in the same furrow
purpose. Arriving at the shed, the with the examples of all the other West. Texas, Arkansas and Missouri I thus,in a manner,subsoiling your
baskets are placed on an assorting States before us, the few cattle and growers all say, "We want a long land. This plowing should be donein
table, where all sound, well-formed, hog kings can so far shape the legislation melon ; too many round ones," and December if possible, if not, January
right-colored peaches above i/ inches of the State as to permit their cat- the Rattlesnake again seems to be in will do, or just before plantingtime
in diameter are graded into three tle and hogs to come on our premisesin high favor. which,with me,is about the 2oth
sizes: "Extras," those 2 U or more the night season and commit theft Here in the northern central coun- of February. Any time before plant-
inches in diameter; "No. i," 2 to and in the day time before our very ties of our State (Florida) we have ing your land should be checked off
inches and "seconds," to lands peculiarly suited to the water- feet each the check
23 iy2 eyes perpetrate a robbery while the. twelve way; at a
2% inches. As fast as assorted each owner of them goes scot free, when if! melon, and we produce them in their hole about six inches deep is hollowedout
of these grades is packed directly in he were to do the same thing himself. greatest perfection. Good seed, a fair and your fertilizer put down, which
the marketing baskets. Peaches a he would be sent to the penitentiary.This amount of fertilizer and intelligent should be thoroughly incorporatedwith
little off in color or form make two placing of the pignity and lib- cultivation, generally insure an abundant the soil. A hill about fifteen
grades of "culls," large and small, erty of the hog above that of the citi-- crop. Here is my plan for grow- inches across and about two inches
and are sold without label or guar. zen is a species of "idol worship"which ing, cultivation etc.: above the general level is made on

anty. "Softs" and "specks" are soldat no educated and independent I CAREFULLY SELECT MY SEED this fertilizer, and then you are readyfor
the shed for local consumption or people will long submit to and a melons your planting.IN .
from the largest and most perfect
to peddlers and make the total of sev-
which such law
keeps a on
Legislatnre I can find of the different varietiesI PLANTING FOR MARKET ON A LARGE
en grades that each assorter is expected statute books should be hurled
our SCALE,
of plant. I cut off both ends of these
to make. The percentage
from power. melons and take my select plantingseed These hills are dug out or made up
each, of course, will vary with season S. COCHRAN.
JOHN seedI with the hoe but the fertilizer is
from the middle only. These put
and variety but the baskets
100 Titusville Fla."Jerusalem .
they run with us about 37 baskets of think are the best. Of course, seed down at the check, distributed as wellas
"extras," 35 of "No. i," 14 of "sec- the Golden" was the saved in this way cost entirely too muchto possible with the hand, and two
the be sold by our seedsmen generally furrows thrown on it with the turn
.onds, 5 of "large culls," 4 of "small exclamation of a bystander at
culls,,' 3 of "softs" and 2 of "specks." opening of a box of Jaffa oranges in who have to contend with sharp com- plow, and seed planted on this bed
The last three grades being practically the Chicago market. petition in their business and they just at the check, which is indicated by
the refuse of most orchards, they perhaps Tribute was laid upon all quartersof could not afford to even pay the cost of the shovel furrow crossing this bed
!- should not be counted, and so the globe for oranges to take the harvesting these select seed, and offer When an early crop is the object in
make a still better showing for the place of the deficient Florida crop this them in competition with seed grownin view, you should plant as early as you
others; but as our good local markets season. Kansas or Iowa at one-third their think advisable, and then each week

i I I

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._ n _ 00 __ __ no _,____ ._ _____ __ ._ '_,-___ __ __" __" -__ _______ ___nO ___ ___on_




thereafter until you secure a stand. no way to get all of its value in a I I

First plant on the south side of your short time with little expense except I Poultry.Edited |\|MAMMOTH
Poultry Guide for 1808 Fine.tbook
hill, a week afterwards on the north by penning cattle on dry land, then --------------------------------0-- ___ ever publiihed contains nearly 100
side then week in I by S. 3. DeLANOY Apopka Fla. : pages, all printed in colors plans for best
later the
a centre.A removing the fence and putting in a poultry houses sure remedies I and recipesfor
all diseases, and how to make
week later poultry
commence on .
you crop. and Sent
I gardening pay. post paid for 15c.
south side again, for if the seed are We all know that root crops in cer- Ducks and Eggs. I John Bauscher,Jr.box 31 Freeport, Ill

not up by this time they will hardly tain cases must exert a great deal of I Any time after Christmas the ducks -- -

come up. If they are up plant along power in the soil to make themselvesroom begin to lay and then require careful THE IMPROVED VICTORINCUBATOR

aide of them, so that if you should in growing. An onion will not I feeding. The eggs laid by ducks are

have a killing frost you will have seed grow as fast or do as well with the much larger than those laid by hens,

in the ground ready to com: up at bulb covered with earth. Both onions I and as ducks usually lay every day .._...__- Hatches Chickens by Steam.Absolutely .

once after the weather moderates. and turnips need to sit on top of after they begin, the tax on them, in o The simplest nelf.rr most cnlatinc.relIAble.

Plant only four seed at a time, if theyare the ground to grow rapidly. The I order to supply a sufficiency of the Cata- -- and cbeapestflrst.claae Hatchet
logne In the market Circulars freciGEO.
sound. Four are as good as two soil soon packs very hard if left on a egg-producing element, is very great. 4C0QU, .LltTEL&CO..Qulacy,111.

dozen to be put in at one planting. level after plowing. Sweet potatoes To teed them ground grain only will

When all danger of cold has passed grow standing upright, and in order not supply them. Ducks will eat anything I

THIN OUT TO ONE VINE IN A HILL. that the bed should be soft and looseat that is given them, and they a- every
partial to a change of food. Turnips -
Cultivate deeply at first with a cultivator all times to give room for the
cooked and fed with
or shovel plow. When a vine growing tubers it should be on a a portionof
added is of the best and
grain one
about two feet ridge. The ridge is a convenient
gets long plow
very foods for them but when ,
cheapest HATCH Chlokens :.TJtD i:
all the and trash
shallow with a cultivator, or a sweep place to bury grass WitO
plow is preferable. Plow as long andas whose decay will help to keep the they are laying they require some -- EXCELSIORIncubator
else in addition. Clover
often but under bed loose and mellow. If Mr. Adams thing chop 8is pie Ptrttt.ing. s.v.Rqtd4l.
as can never
you .
Ttwoitndi la
fine scalded and bran added
circumstances turn disturb the will try level and ridge planting side ped : .. open ioe. lAW" pricedflntelaM
any or Haulier .....
should meal Circulars ree.
vines after they begin to run. by side a few times, I am sure that he always provide one lor I Scud eo.for GEO. U..STAHL.114tot2'I.8t1al&t. ,
them but the foods required is 0 nlu.Cstaloeoe. Qilnfy.nl.
will admit that the Cracker way is best
NOW, AS TO FERTILIZER, ground meat, which is mixed with
and has reason behind it.
I use equal parts of cotton seed meal ground grain. One part bran and one X L THEM ALL.

and some good ammoniated dissolved My old neighbor, mentioned above, part ground meat, and two parts corn- QUALITY TELVS

bone guano, about 400 pounds per thought that the Crackers did not meal, scalded should make a morning I THE BEST

acre of this mixture. A much less know how to store and save sweet po- meal, clover at noon, and turnips and
tatoes, so he built a potato house with STEEL Mill.
amount, say 225 poundstwothirdscotton any kind of ground grain at night.
ventilator and STRONGEST STEEL TOWER. No Ion
double walls and a *story
seed meal and one-third guano, Give them all that they will eat at here. send for catalogue and prices.
found, after spending some money PHELPS & BIGELOWWIND MILL CO., : r
has given me very satisfactory results. each meal. The proper amount can

The finest crop I ever made as to size and losing a good many potatoes, only be known by observing them, Kalamazoo,Michigan.-- -- -
and quantity, was fertilized with a that the Cracker way was right. and weighing their food. For Pekin :

compost made of woods earth from Sweet potatoes piled in small conical ducks no ponds are necessary, but the WOVEN B FENCE

hammock and cotton seed, in the piles, covered with pine or cypress water troughs must be kept full, as a The best on Earth. Hone high.
of of first bark and then with earth, will keep will without of Over 50 Styles Bull strong, Pig and Chicken
proportion eight to one duck not eat plenty tight You can make from
of latter, on which was sprinkled very better than in any other way. water to drink. The floor of the \to. 60 rods per day for
My learned neighbor thoug ht the U 14 to 22c. a Rode
liberally a strong solution of pure pot- duck house must be kept well cov- Illustrated BROS.

ash (commercial). About one peckof Cracker planted sugar cane too close- ered with cut straw, leaves or some Ridgeville/ KITSELMAN- Indiana.,
this compost together with about lo, so he planted his cane eight feet kind of litter, or they will have leg

one-quarter pound of ammoniated apart in order to give it plenty of weakness, and care must be taken not

guano, was put to each hill. I do not room. He found that his cane was to get them too fat, as will probablybe F OIL SALE,

like stable manure for melons unlessit badly crooked by the winds in autumn the case with drakes, as they are Farm-Raised White and Barred
is rotted and then and found that the Crackers were rightin and the
very thoroughly non-producers, convert excess -
I prefer it composted with some that case too. The Cracker plantshis of food into fat. The ducks, on PLYMOUTH ROCKS,

cow pen in sweet potatoes. Pota food White and Silver Wyandottes, Cornish Indian
milder manure. Some melon growers the contrary, require not only for
and Mammoth Bronze Turkeys. Specimens -
deal of Games
fertilize much more heavily than I do, toes require a great potash. their own support, but also to pro- for exhibition and pens for the founding of
The potash is taken mostly from the HIGH GRADE FLOCKS ..Write for my big
and by so doing may get their melons vide the eggs. Ducks lay regularly
catalogue. Address
into market a few days earlier, but soil by the potato crop and the phos- when they begin, missing but few ALBERT F. F1RESTINE Logansvllle Ohio.

the cost is very heavy. There are, phoric acid is reserved for the cane days, and in a year will lay from 150

of course, a great many brands of crop the next year. Cane requires no to 200 eggs, eclipsing the hen, if the 1
high-grade guanos that are excellentfor potash,shit is"the proper crop to follow ducks are of good breeds, such as GARDEN FIELD

melons. I prefer those with a potatoes. Rouens, Pekins, Cayugas or Ayles-

good percentage of potash, and the What the Cracker gets wrong in is burys. The common duck is earlyin SEEDS. LOWEST PRIEES.

readers of this must remember that in not feeding stock enough and in laying, but does not lay as many

the above directions for fertilizing are not "keeping everlastingly at it, in eggs.-Prairie Farmer.

for my part of the State where the summer, spring and fall." In keep- Water Melons Musk Melons and Cucumbers
4- pound. Pearl Millet, zoc. per poundby
lands I stated ing ponies instead of horses; in keep atsoc. per
are as ,
Fried Chicken.At mail paid; I2}$cC. per pound in quantity not
suited to the growth of melons and ing too many dogs and too few chickens Southern prepaid. Beggarweed, and other forage seed.

therefore require less fertilizing than ; in not keeping the males separa- this season, when poultry of all Peas, Beans and Corn at equally low figures.

lands elsewhere not so well suited to ted from the females so they can kinds is approaching the high tide of *J Send for price-list to

know when their calves and pigs are excellence, it is well to recall the delights -

them.'V.. M.: GIRARDEAU. to be born ; in not having faith in of Southern fried chicken. In L. CAMERON, Seedsman.

Monticello, Fla.Remainder. their calling; in selling pigs, chickensand the first place, select a young and JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

( next week.) steers before they are half fattened. tender chicken, cut it up as if for

When the Yankees and the Crackersare fricasee and season each piece with
and whenit
to be found in every communityand salt and pepper and dredge it very or cream to the frying pan,
About Southern Methods in Farm- boils strain this sauce into a
each is eager to learn from the lightly with flour. Melt two tablespoonfuls up
ing. in which tablespoonful of
and Fruit-Grower other, we will have a prosperous and of butter in a hot frying pan saucepan a
Editor Farmer : I has been Let
A communication from diversified and lay in pieces of chicken enough I minced parsley put.
my agriculture.M. .I the suace boil up once more and turnit
friend Adams has set me to thinking.An CHESEBRO. to cover the bottom. Cover the around the chicken on the platter,

old neighbor of mine once said Plummers. Fla. chicken and let it fry until it is a it in a boat with the chicken.
or serve
didn't know --..-- rich golden brown on one side. It
that the Crackers anything The latter is the old-fashioned way of
about farming. I replied that they Mr. C. F. Eaton, of Boston, Mass., will take five or six minutes or even serving cream sauce and fried chicken,

were undoubtedly ignorant, "but they arrived today for a short visit to his longer. Then turn it, add more I and in some ways the most satisfac-

patterned after men who had been to family; who are nicely located in a butter if necessary, and let the chicken

college and had made the tour of Eu- part of the Colonel H. B. Bailey man. fry on the other side. When the I tory. .

rope." There is no part of the United sion, Lowell street and Railroad ave- chicken is cooked, lay it in a low,

States where cow manure is wholly nue. Mr. Eaton is a member of the somewhat pyramidal, heap on a hot SUFFERERS FROM COUGHS, SORt:

utilized except in these cotton States. well known firm of A. T. Thompson I platter, and stir a heaping spoonful i THROAT, etc., should" be constantly
of flour in the butter left in the frying supplied with rO'U'JI's BronchialTroches.
One can get most of its value in stables & Co., "Boston Spa, and Philadel- t I "
with cemented floors, but there is phia Spa and Cafe.-Times.Union. pan. Add two cups of rich milk I .


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qualities, their light weight, their crisp-
State News. Our Rural Home.To
ness, and last, but not !least, they can i.

be reversed.A .

Messrs. Menefee, Palmer and Bee- Our Rural Home Folks.It black dress may do service for

man have just completed their six- is not easy for a busy housekeeper five years if properly cared for. Whenit m.I I WOULD

acre pineapple shed, and will begin to have flowers blooming at all has been worn one year for best, it

putting out plants this week. They seasons unless particularly fond of will need a little renewing-a new BURN IT

have given orders for lumber to cover them, and unless she understandstheir binding for the skirt and new cuffs and

the balance of forty acres, which they needs. Even in Florida thereare choker to cover the frayed edges of m INTO THEMINDS '
the neck and sleeves. These waist
this When
hope complete
year. months in which flowers are scarce,
finished this will be the largest establishment additions look better made from black
and the rustic veranda has but its ,
of the kind in this part of the evergreen vines with, perhaps, a stray velvet than from the original goods. OFrTHEPEOPLS

State. Orlando Reporter. blossom here and there. Yet, if we Now brush it thoroughly, spongeout

It may not be amiss to ask the to- understand better the possibility of a the spots, hang out in the fresh -
air little while then the
bacco to some attentionto few bulbs into boxes or (or a press new
growers pay put pots '
and the entire skirt the t That there is not
saving seed this lear," says the tin cans) in the fall, this might be binding on
family anywhereto
side. Your dress is a
Tallahassee Floridian, speaking evidently remedied. After a few years in Florida wrong now ready
for second of best and to which
a year wear, ) money .Wt1
at the advice of the departmentof during which the yard was gay
additional for afternoon service much-
agriculture. "The war is on in with blossoms all the year with little one means SD
with another skirt for ten cents .
perhaps binding means so
Cuba and though some difficulty arose care, there came a time when I was
the third After this the much-that it
year. year UJa can
this year obtaining seed there is no not content with outdoor beauties
material, be it ever so good, will looka ft>> afford not to ex-
telling what the conditions will be a only, and procured a few winter- ." ,JI

year (from now. Let every grower blooming bulbs. Since then I have bit rusty. change ten cents a

save some seed at least." The best seldom, if ever, been without blossoms The dress should be carefully ripped, month for the art,

tobacco seed is now quoted at $8 to in winter, save at the memorable time washed and dyed with Diamond Dyes, \ the refinement, the
after which it will look and I
bright pleasure and the
$12 a pound. when even the Chinese lily was imbedded -
fresh again. Now it must be made
information that
The cotton mouth moccasin is not in a block of ice for two daysin
with and the
up new linings, perhaps: I of Nfunsey'sMagazine
in reality as dangerous as its appear February.., 1895. Shall we ever copy
mode calls for
prevailing more goods.
ance and the accounts of badly forget that time? Until seeds could will bring
I If f you were far-seeing you will havean to the fireside.
informed would lead one to believe.In be sown in spring there were but few skirt

the first place hardly one in twenty flowers; yet the honeysuckles, both chased extra for the length of that this you"renew-pur- FRANK A. MUNSEY, ,7

the snakes pointed out as moc- white and red, kept their countenancesand purpose 151 Fifth A>e.. New York.
ing" process, but if not, you will try
casins are other than harmless water- tried to "make believe" that it By the year, $1.00.
to match and the Sample copy free.
your goods use new.
snakes which in color alone resemblethe was just an ordinary winter and we
breadth for the front of the skirt, utilizing -
moccasins. So sluggish and so had dreamed of the terrible catas- m
the old for the sleeves
difficult to arouse is this serpent that, :, trophe. If five close our eyes to the that the modern one style demands.new !<
while it will not retreat from man, it sight of our dismantled groves and our
Your .dress is_now,-as good as_ new _.
hearts the baleful -
to its to consequences, we
seems averse use poisonous
for another wear after which it
year's ,
The writer has might sometimes almost believe it wasa I Aid Society Boys Coming.
powers. upon many be made for the small of
can over girl
For Our Rural Home
dreadful but alas! :
nightmare we are
occasions vainly endeavored to in ;
the family, into a serviceable winter A company of boys from the Chil-
duce it to strike by irritating it with not able thus to delude ourselves.Yet .
petticoat for blouse dren's Aid of New York
yourself or a pretty Society rang-
Florida's skies still smile and
barrels with sticks but I
gun or though I waist, by adding girdle, collar and ing in age from fourteen to eighteen
going'into coil and loudly hissing the I earth is putting on her spring attire,
cuffs of some fancy, bright silk, or, if years, will arrive in Jacksonville, at
evidence ofa so let our hearts be filled with rejoic-
serpent no tangible
gave in of the Terminal station
mourning, narrow bandings on Thursday
desire to injure. Most\ careful in- ing that it is as well with us as it is, ,
dull and dress has
gimp or jet, your February 27th.
quiry has failed to discover an authentic and, with hopeful spirit, sow seeds-
rounded its five of useful-
out years The terms on which these boys will
case of fatal results in man arising not of flowers only to beautify our
be in Florida homes fol-
placed are as
the bite of moccasin little homes but of love gentleness
from a and even ness.Fancy silk waists,white lawn blouses lows:
fortitude and such other virtues
dogs occasionally recover.-Fla.Facts. ,
cambric waists will
and shirt furnish
provide Applicants must satisfactory
will be sure to bear both flower and
Grand Island, eight miles east of fruit in the family circle-the fruits of many changes for the black dress, references; three persons, not rela-

Leesburg, is a great tomatogrowingsection. the spirit. For making it as useful in summer as in tives.

Hundreds of acres of to- winter. Boys under fifteen years of age, if
matoes to be here in all "It is easy enough to be pleasant Nothing is suitable for hot not
are seen When life flows by like a song; more legally adopted, are expected to
stages of growth. Some were plantedin But the the woman who'll worth smile whileIs Sundays than a waist of thin silk or remain until they are eighteen. They

October and early in November, When woman everything goes wrong. white lawn worn with a plain, black.. must be treated as members of the

and the tomatoes are now nearly skirt. Perhaps you have no black family, be comfortably clothed, sent to
For the test of the heart is trouble,
ready to pick. Some few crates have And it always comes with years; dress to economize on, but a searchin school according to., the educationallaws

already been forwarded. This localityis And The praise the smile of earthIs that's worth the closet or attic might reveal a of the State, and when they reach

well protected by large bodies of the smile that shines thro' tears." faded dress of some light material eighteen years of age are to receive

water lying northwest, and passingover M. G.1 M. which you had discarded as worthless.If $25 in money and a good suit of

these lakes the cold winds lose so bring it out, rip it up, and use clothes.

much of their power to do damage.I That Useful Black Dress.For Diamond Dyes, after which process Boys over fifteen years of age are to

saw very tender guava and banana Our Rural Home. make it over with fresh linings, and be treated as members of the family.

trees that have passed through the In a recent number of the FLORIDA you will be very proud of the result.ELIZABETH. They are expected to work for their

winter. so_ far _without any injury. FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER the edi- board the first month, after which they
This is a favored section. Last sea- tor of Our Rural Home gave us some shall receive, in addition to their board,

son the first car of melons that left very wise suggestions for economy in $100 Reward $100. such compensation for their servicesas
The readers of this will be
the State was shipped from Grand Is- dress. to learn that there paper is at least pleased one- shall be mutually agreed upon, but

land. The lands are high and the I wish to add my mite to this very dreaded disease that science has been I in no instance to be a sum less than at

soil of good quality. With five hun- interesting topic, and emphasize the able to cure in all its stares, and that is the rate of $30 per year.

dred pounds to the acre of good fertilizer strong points of a black costume. We Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only I Those taking boys are expected to

heavy crops are obtained. all know that black is suitable for all positive cure known to the medical fra write to the Society at least once a
Catarrh a constitutional
Beans are looking well and are planted occasions, even a wedding, if the neckis ternity.disease, requires a constitutional treat- year, or have the boy do so.

extensively. The acreage in mel- relieved by a handsome collar of ment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally Should any boy prove unsatisfactoryand

ons will be small, as growing beans lace, crepe or chiffon. In selecting acting directly upon the blood] a change of place be necessary,

and tomatoes pays much better. Under black goods, buy a strong as well as and mucous surfaces of the system,there- the Society, or its agent, should be no-

ordinary circumstances it is not a handsome material, and, if possible, by destroying and the the foundation of the disease tified, and the boy must be kept a rea-
giving patient strengthby
an unusual thing for the growers to one that can be reversed, in which building up the constitution and assisting sonable length of time until such changecan

clear from $300 to $400 on an acre case you will be able to get many nature in doing its work. The be effected.It .

of tomatoes. The people of Grand years' service from it. Whip-cord, proprietors have so much faith in its is preferred that applicants should

Island are not neglecting their orange crepon, mohair and alpaca are the curative powers, that they offer One I meet the boys on arrival and make

groves. They are giving them the favorite fabrics this season. Mohair Hundred Dollars for any case that it failsto their own selections, but where this is
cure. Send for list of testimonials.
best of care, and the groves look and alpacas are more than favoriteson Address, F.J. CHENEY &Co., not convenient, the amount of fare

well.-Marion Times. account of their dust-shedding .ae-Sol by Druggists, 75<:. Toledo, 0 from Jacksonville to their destination,

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with full directions, may be sent to Star Pincushion. Child Help on the Farm.

the undersigned, but must be in hand For Our Rural Home. A Slave from Boyhood.

not later than Monday, February 24th. Cut two five-pointed stars from There is no place in the world
Remit fare either by registered letteror cream-colored silk or satin and em- where child help is so useful and (From the Red Wing, Minn., Republican.)

money order drawn on Jacksonville.Do broider a spray of forget-me-nots in available as on the farm. God has I "I am now twenty-four years old,"said

not, however, send the letter to the center of one, with artistic etch- so ordered it that children grow up I Edwin Swanson, of White Rock, Good-

Jacksonville, but to the address given ing silk. best where other products grow. hue County, Minn., to a Republican rep-

below. Cut five strips from the same mate- They are healthiest, and I think hap- resentative, "and, as you can see, I am

Send in your applications promptly, rial twice as long as one point of the piest, growing up with calves and not very large of stature. When I was

to allow time for communicating with star, and one-fourth as wide as the colts and lambs and chickens, with eleven years old I became afflicted witha

referees. State clearly the age of boy length of the strip. Leave the the grass and corn and farm crops. sickness which baffled the skill and

wanted, and for what purpose. strips the full width in the middle and Children need the fresh, sweet air of knowledge of the physician. I was not

This is the last chance till next win taper nearly to a point at each end. the country need the room, the opportunity taken suddenly ill, but, on the contrary

ter. HELEN HARCOURT, Plce the point of a strip on a pointof to run and shout and climb I can hardly state the exact time when it
and make lots of noise without troub--
Agent Children's Aid Society the star and sew together on one began. The first symptoms were painsin
Montclair, Fla. side. The strip will reach from the ling folks. They need nice clean my back and restless nights. The disease -
earth to play on and with. On a
Plumbago Sanguinea. end of one star-point to the end of the did not trouble me much at first,
farm where the healthy child is run.
For Our Rural Home. but it seemed to have settled in my body
A rare plaat to me is this plum next.After the strips are all sewed to one ning about all day, how many stepshe to stay, and! my bitter experience during

bago-catalogued by some florists, I''i star, sew the other star to the strips in can save other persons. There are I the last thirteen years proved that to be
think, as P.lOlt noa superba-different the same leaving a place through chickens and calves to feed, wood and I
way, of child and
: the case. I was, course, a ,
in its habits from P. capensis and P. which to turn the work. chips to bring in, many little chores to .
dreamed of the suffering in store
do which take the time of and
alba.I men
capensis Fill the cushion with wheat bran,
for I to
and be well done me. complained my parents,
women can just as
this ,
have had fine specimen of
a and sew up the remaining seam. and they concluded that in time I would
plumbago in bloom nearly all winter, Cover all seams with blue Asiatic by children. outgrow my trouble,but when they heardme
and find it one of the most satisfac- couching silk couched on with Asiatic Some parents are so particular as to groaning during my sleep they be-
how their work is done and alarmed. Medical l ad-
and quite so came thoroughly
tory winter-blooming plants, filo. The cushion be used on
may afraid that the children will not do vice was sought, but to no avail. I grew
cared for the com-
A as easily as more the dresser or suspended by loops of
and was soon unable to
rapidly worse,
work that do dareto
mon varieties, each of which I have the silk from one point. R. E. M. just right, they not move about, and finally became confined

had-and intend having, when op- -4"' let the children do anything. The continually to my bed. The best doctors

portunity offers, again, besides adding Medicine by the Barrel.In only way in which children can learnto that could be had were consulted, but
if do things right, is to keep trying.- did nothing for me. I tried various kindsof
P. possible.
larpcnte "under
your own your Rural New Yorker. extensively advertised l patent medi-
\ The leaves are larger, of a richer, nose," as the saying is, are three rem- cines, with but the same result.
Let the small children and
glossier green, than the others, and edies that would save many severe help, "For twelve long years I was thus a
flowers lifted well above the not turn them away because it is so sufferer in constant without
the sicknesses and dollars spent in drugs. agony, re
I much easier (as thrifty fathers and formed in
slender i spite. Abcesses on my body
foliage The first is the kitchen sink aad
bend gracefully with their weight of over mothers say) to do it yourself. rapid succession, and the world indeed
be had the
I generally to by turning looked very dark to me. About this time
bloom. The flowers, in shape, resemble -I faucet. If water is heated and taken A Tale That is Told.A when all hope was gone, and nothing

the Sweet-William; the lower I internally and applied externally, it Florida correspondent of the seemed left but to resign myself to my
remain and fresh while most bitter fate attention was calledto
ones open I will save an ache and pain. my
many and Fireside writes Around
Farm : Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale Peo-
the stem are gradually
along I There is like full sipped
nothing a cup ,
Lake Okeechobee there
are vast ple. Like a drowning man grasping at a
opening; the deep cherry red, rich slowly, to regulate the bowels, and if tracts of worthless swamp and low straw, in sheer desperation I concludedto .

and satiny, with the darker scarlet of this part of our internal machinery is hammock lands; indeed, it can be make one more attempt-not to regain -
the smooth tubular calyx covered health (I dare not to hope
i all right goodbye to colds and all the said that the lake has my
with soft tiny hairs, make one think'i rest of those ugly distempers. Second. truly great no much) but, if possible, to ease my pain."I .
shores-simply a fringe of trees growing bought a box of the pills, and they
of exquisite string of rubies. A
an Have dish of onions at least twicea
a of the shallow I felt
out water. Large, seemed to do me good. encouraged
dozen of these slender spikes week and if troubled with sleep- After six
rotting stumps form sunny places for and continued their use. taking
ii blossom at once is a beauti-- lessness keep a raw one where you snakes, that glade off into the water as boxes I was up and able to walk around L
ful Mine commanded admi-- the house. I have not felt so well for
can lay a ready hand on it, and chewa approach. This is the home of
ration from beholder. Duringthe you thirteen years as during the past year.
every piece slowly. My\ third good house-
the "diamond rattler" Crotalus hor-
( Only one have I taken Dr.'Villiams'Pink
winter holidays they thrive at hold medicine is a barrel of apples, ridus), which, however gives due Pills year and I am able now to do chores

their best, though they began to placed where the children can help warning. It is a curious fact that and attend to light duties.

bloom in November. Splendid is the themselves. That croupy boy of yours of his companions which are "Do I hesitate to let you publish whatI
word and only regret is many have said ? No. Why should I? It is
to apply; my may save you many a worrying nightif harmless in the habit of imitatinghis
are and I too to let
the truth glad
that I cultivated P. Sanguinea am
never he eats this fruit even just beforehe
rattle the ends of
by whipping other sufferers know my experience.> It
before. is ready for bed. their tails against the grass or dry may help those whose cup of misery is as
The leaves are very numerous, ... leaves. full to-day as mine was in the past."
another point in its favor, and I frequently Go Out Doors Daily. *.... Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain in a
clipped off one or more lower The South has captured the Grand condensed form, all the elements neces-
the entire the bene- Why are we afraid of fresh air ? If sary to give new life and richness to the
ones to give plant Army of the Republic, the Republican
it let into the house by a meter blood and restore shattered nerves. Theyare
was ,
it the
the only
of as convention
fit ; gets national representativesfrom also a specific for troubles peculiar to
morning sun, sitting on the east steps. and we had to pay a monthly rate, twenty-eight States in colonizing females, such as suppressions, irregularities -
Not having good facilities for taking there might be some excuse. But hereit Georgia, crowds (from all the States to and all forms of weakness. They

care of plants (that green house is is all around, aching to get in, and visit her great exposition at Atlanta, build up the blood and restore the glowof

still in the distant future) I have them we shut it out as if it were poison. and Flagler's and Vanderbilt's millionsto health to pale and eallow cheeke. In
Even in winter the bedroom windows men they effect a radical cure in all cases
crowded into too small space. Al- build"her hotels, railways and cas arising from mental worry, overwork os
pinia mitans (shell lily) is in the same ought to be open a little ways. Be tles in North Carolina and Florida, excesses of whatever nature. Pink Pillr

box with Plumbago, (for the winter) assured we shall sleep the warmer, for and is now stretching out her hands to are sold in boxes (never in loose bulk) at
though it ought to have more room. fresh air makes a good circulation of welcome the millions who need her 50 cents a box, or six boxes for$2.50 and
with this be had of all druggists or direct by
the blood, we are sure may ,
well.I climate.
It promises health-giving They are com-
mail from Dr. Williams' Medicine Com-
don't believe pink oxalis, that to be comfortable. Another thing. ing, too. The exodus from the bliz- pany, Schenectady, N. Y.
grows and blossoms so profusely in Every housekeeper ought to go out zard and drouth country has begun.

cool weather, is appreciated as it doors daily. Go into the next house, The stream is swelling every day.

in Florida its possibilitiesfor or walk a quarter of a mile and back, will be who have
should be ; Many disappointed Beginning of a Great Industry.We .
Ladies in the
baskets, pots edges of beds, etc., just for the change. been deceived by misrepresentation.Let .

are not well known. The tiny bulbs city are more apt to be healthy than all who intend coming see before have the only seed in United States o

multiply so fast that every one may those living in the country, the latter they buy. There are bargains. Seek I II trueDALMTUX

i have a good supply in one season, never thinking they can walk, and them. I. I INSECT POWDER PLANT
weeks if it ,
The often waiting two or more
; when once a few are planted.
foliage is clover shaped of a pretty isn't handy to harness up.Green'sFruit A tobacco growers' association has Pyrethrum Cinnerariae Folium (not the poorer
Malabar with fourteen Persian Py. Ros. or Py Alba.) One oz. for 2000
Grower. been formed at
green, and defies frost, while the plants. $1.50 post paid. Will mail you small
the members to test the raising of cigar packet for SO names of your neighbors (at your
little flowers-as modest
lovely as postoffice and of heads of families only.) Will
violet-stand upon thin long stems The dirtiest frying-pan will become tobacco. Seed beds are being made, mail them and you also our magnificent South-

and their own merits. clean if soaked five minutes in ammo- and the seed will be furnished by the ern plicants.Seed Catalogue The HOWARD for 1896, mailed:& WII.I.ST free toaU DRUG ap-

MINNIE G. MILLS. nia and water. East Coast Railroad. COMPANY, Augusta, Ga.I .



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Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower I The Orange Groves of Florida.As Division of the Agricultural Depart- himself makes it net him about $1.25a

we go to press we have the ment that a turpentined tree is not injured pound. As he uses sanded leaves
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main for lumber in This and all certainly the sand does
Street,Jacksonville. Fla. promised bulletin on this subject from any respect. not

the Florida Experiment Station, (delayed of course, does not include the thin hurt his receipts very much.
shell directly under the slashes, whichis .
by a miscarriage "copy"
too for lumber. Where
One Year ................................2.00 pitchy good Queries and Replies.
the mails It is from the of :M.
For Biz Monthi........................ ..... 1.00 ). pen the men do not box too young trees, WILD RICE.I .
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 S. Moremen, an experienced grower no great injury is done to the forests
;subscriptions in all cases cash in have a small piece of overflowed
advance. No discount allowed on one's himself, who is making a vigorous by the turpentine business.It land, the water standing about a footto
own subscription( in a club), but to is a pity that the only firm which
except effort to restore his own grove as rapidly : fifteen inches on it. Can inform -
all agents a liberal cash commission will has attempted to handle naval storesin you
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby as possible, at Switzerland, only Jacksonville has recently failed. me if wild rice will grow in sucha

them. Write for terms. about twenty miles south of Jacksonville This leaves to Savannah an unbroken place, and whether it should be
To every new subscriber we will send, sowed directly in the water or only on
thereby demonstrating his faith monopoly of the business.
of Whitner's "Garden- ,
postpaid, a !
copy .. the edge of the lake?
Ing in Florida. For two new subscribers by his works. He left his work long Tobacco- on .Sandy-Land.A W. C. GREEN.
will send
at $2.00 each, we ,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange enough to travel over the State a subscriber writes that he has tried Orlando, Fla.

Culture." month and prepare this bulletin, whichis the Vuelta Abajo tobacco in Florida The seedmen direct that the seed

Rates Remittances of advertising should be on made application.by check, written with a nervous and sinewy and will plant it no more, nor any should be sown in the water. You

postal note money order or registeredletter strength-a graphic picture of our other variety on the sandy soil of can procure seed from Ferry & Co.,

to order of great industry in its hopeful renais- Florida. The leaves, owing to their Detroit, Mich.

sticky nature became covered with
Jacksonville Fla. sance. sand which was spattered up by the
We have room this week only for rain: and either the liehtness of the The sprouts of my orange trees

the following extract, which is his re soils* of this State or some tj other cause have grown up from eight to eighteenfeet.
CONTENTS.Orange Tell if I to them?
made the tobacco nearly tasteless. me ought top
ply to the question: "Will it Pay to
Trees-Dead Wood and Living; Now, this subscriber came from They are sweet seedlings, and I pro-
Quarantine Laws Necessary ; California Restore Groves? Pennsylvania where they raise tobacco pose to leave them and not bud them. i

Oranges and the Frost......... .... ... .. 99 "Some twenty years ago men which is anything but tasteless andit If they ought to be topped, at what
............... ,
Southern Peach Culture IV tot thought it would pay to purhase land, is quite possible that the strong ar- height ought they to be cut.

FARMER the South AND;TRUCKER-Melon That Bad Stock Law-Growing.......in.. 102 clear away the forests, buy nursery ticle to which he had been accustomedhad II A. J. PHARES, SR.

About Southern Methods in Farming..... 103 stock, plant groves, cultivate and fertilize disqualified him from appreciating Yalaha, Fla.

POULTRY Ducks and Eggs; Southern Fried them for seven or eight years in a milder variety. It is doubtlesstrue They should be topped low enough

Chicken. ...... ............ ...... ...... .... 103 order to produce this Florida orange. that the tobacco Flori-- down to force them to branch close to
STATE NEWS...... ... ...... ...... .......... 104 Did it then ? Could look grown on
OUR RURAL HOME-To Our Rural Hone pay you da sands, especially if not properly the ground. If they will not do this

Polka; That Useful Black Dress .. ...... too back some twenty years or more and fertilized, is not as full flavored as the with one topping, repeat it, and

Plumbago Sanguinea;Star Pincushion;Med. see the hardy pioneer enduring his Havana and some other varieties, and again, even if you have to cut them

icine by the Barrel; Go Out-Doors Daily ; hardships in his rough surroundingsand this deficiency may or may not be a back to lour or six seet high. We

............ .. ...
Child Help on the Farm 105 compare the scene with the beautiful
fault. It could in Florida
not possibly be more hope no orange grower ,
EDITORIAL Traffic in Crates; The Orange homes now scattered all over the
than after the lessons of the
tasteless the Sumatra, and yet repeated past
Groves of Florida; The Naval Stores Bus.
iness; Tobacco on Sandy Land; Queriesand land, filled with cultivated and refined there are few varieties in the world years, will ever trim up his trees horse-

Replies.... .. .... ............ ...... 106 people, your answer would be: "Thesemen which command higher prices, be- high, leaving long, naked reaches of
Markets; California Oranges ................ 107 did better than they knew." All cause of its special adaptation as a bark for the sun to crust and makeas
The Trend Immigration.......oo........... 108 now realize how excellent was the in
And this is iron
wrapper. the great merit unyielding as an pot and for
Where and How to Plant Strawberries
Talk on Cotton................. .... ......; 109 vestment. Groves, judiciously man or the Florida leaf, its value for wrapping t'le cold winds to blister in winter.
had value of five hundred dollars
aged, a
Crops on Farm Manures; Crimson Clover; purposes. We will grant, wi h LETTUCE BASKFT3.:
Natural Uncle Sam's Finan- an acre, and for many groves this hesitation
Plant-Food; out that the tnin soil ol
Condition; Cuban Tobacco Growers.. no price would have been declined. Florida will: make Will you answer in your paper
peninsular not a to-
Irish Potatoes; Protection from Mice and "These pioneers had everything to where lettuce baskets cm:! be obtainedin
bacco as rank as will the fat river
Rabbits; How to Save Seventeen Cents a do a large venture to make, requir- or near ] :sonvile! ? If pou dOlj'tk:1OW
Pound in Fertilizers...... .... .oo....... U2 ; bottoms of Kentucky and Virgir ia. ask! ill Dealers in
ing years to complete it and test its But if will lour paper.
they produce a leafas
them should advertise in the FARMERAND
value homes to the soil to
; ; fine and silky as the best quality of
Weather in Jacksonville. test ; transportation to secure. In FRUIT GROWER. X.
tissue paper, which will sell even
Week Ending January 27, 11196 nothing did they fail. Their fruit has to $1 a pound right in the farmer's up Mandarin, Fla.

... now a world-wide reputation. These barn, what better could he ask ? In You can probably procure these

a a H a IIG !;; pioneers toiled through weary years up fact, it is a source of congratulation to from the Basket and Veneer Company,
oS I o ,
DATE i. a II "
GO 00 :::11 ::It ::It to their success. the Florida farmers that their tobaccois Charleston, S. C. They are not madein
-- - "The of finds Florida.
February ..... 52 62 71 50 21 60 .00 orange grower to-day not full flavored for it seems to be
February 5 ... 54 73 74 53 ZI 6.t T much in readiness for him. The landis the case that such varieties are not SOJA BEANS AND KOLA NUTS.I .
February 6.... 60 s8 66 59 7 62 .%0 in order there established
February 7.... 50 60 72 47 25 60 .00 ; are well adapted for wrappers; and the have noticed in the FLORIDA
February 8.... 63 59 72 57 22 68 .18 roots in the soil. To restore these
... wrapper is as much higher than the FARMER AND FRUIT FROWER the soja
February 9. 49 51 5S! 49 9 54 .00
will be far less labor and
February 10.... 41 51 57 38 19 48 .00 groves expense filler as the picture is higher than the beans recommended very highly for
- than the undertook.
Mean....... 53 61 68 50 18 49 38 pioneer frame. Florida. Also noted in your last num-
ToUl rainfall.T Surely it will pay to restore them, As to the matter of sand collectingon ber an article in reference to the kola

Trace. since so much is done in that direc the leaves, that is correct, but itI I nuts. I should like very much to
A. J. MITCHELL, Observer. tion."
.... constitutes a very slight difficulty. In get some of the nuts to plant, and also
-- the issue of December 21 we gave an some of the soja beans. Will you

Mr. Randall Pope, of this place, The Naval Stores Business. account of a successful grower near kindly let me know where they can be

has sold fertilizer enough since January The naval stores business is rapidly Jacksonville whose soil is as sandy as had, and greatly oblige,

1St last to fertilize more than 6,000 assuming immense proportions in any that is likely to be planed any- JOHN CLARK.

acres of cotton, and the prospects are Florida, and will give the depleted where in Florida, and whose xample Jacksonville, Fla. f

for him to sell fully as much more- orchards of the old States a rest. Our for this reason is especially encourag
You can probably beans
Madison Recorder. exchanges contain numerous mentionsof I ing. We asked him about this very procure soja
from H. G. Hastings & Co. Inter-
.. orchards recently opened or aboutto point. He said the lower leaves do ,
Lichen: Fh. or from L. Cameron
Traffic in Orates. be opened. For instance, one in become sanded, and he picks them off I ,
Jacksonville, Fla. A lot of kola nuts
There are firms in Jacksonville who Western Alachua, near Fort Fannin, separately. After they have dried
I was sent out by the Department of
have contracts aggregating 50,000 will embrace 27,000 acres. Anotherin about three weeks, just before making I I
iculture in
Agi Washington D. C. and
barrel crates for pine apples, to be East Bradford will contain enough them into "hands," he strikes t them I we do not know where else, could, .

shipped to the Bahamas; also about land to last ten years, and to do a gently agcinst his trousers leg or some I them. Chas. H.you
Try Walton
25,000 vegetable and pine apple crates business of $100,000 a year, so the other object and frees them from Titusville procure Fla. ,

for the Indian River and Biscayne manager states. The business will sand. They must be moist enough to ,

Bay regions. All these are manufac bring millions of dollars to the State be slightly flexible, or else they wili be I CASSAVA.

tured in Florida, and can be procuredin yearly, probably as much as the orange broken by this process. Our rcadti Cassava sttd is inquired for, and

Jacksonville at the same price as crop yielded.It will remember that: this grower by those who have it to spare might do

at the factories in the interior. has been shown by the Forestry : manufacturing his tobacco into cigars well to advertise in our columns.



". ._, ... ... -.-' .- '-. -. ---- -"'". -.. .. -.- -'.' -- '.. ..- ... '.
--- --- -


flarkets. and Jersey, common, 50 to 60; Yellow THE? I

Sweets, Vineland, fancy, per bbl, 3.75 to

wwwww 4.50. Vegetables. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

JACKSONVILLE FLA., Feb. 15. Imports for the week; Bermuda, 587 ,

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. pkgs; Havana, 515 crates onions and 613 ,

Corrected by Marx Bros. pkgs other vegetables; Rotterdam, 60 JACI SONVILLE.

These are average quotatloni. Extra choice canisters cabbage.Receipts The Oldest National Bank in the State.
Iou fetch prices above top quotations, while poor of onions for the week, 4,790
lots sell lower. bbls. Demand for onions is light and
Oranges. Florida.......... .... ... ....... .... 4.00 market weak and lower forall grades but CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.By .
Messina box....... ........ ,
Lemons 2.75 conservative, liberal methods this
yet bank
Apples.Dbl....... .. ..... ........... .. 3.75 to 4.00 especially yellow, with considerable of strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
English Peas bu.... .--....... .. 1.25 an accumulation and outside figures ex- : We buy and sell foreign and domestic
Peas, Clay, bushel ............ .....,. 1.25 treme at the close. Bermuda scarce and : drafts on all parts of the world. exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
Whippoorwill. ................ 1.25 We invite a visit or
Lady..........-... .............. 1.75 nominal, but Havana sell well. Other favors shall at all times correspondence receive intelligent, looking and toward business relations, assuring you that your
.. Blackeye...... .................. 1.50 Bermuda vegetables in good demand and careful attention
Browneye ...... ............ ... 1.25 steady as quoted. Havana tomatoes JAMES M. SCHUMACHER
Cocoanuts.... .. ........ .............. 4 poor R. C. COOLEY
Peanuts best brand..... ............. 4tos; and dragging. Very little New Orleans President.
Cabbage.Florida each ................ .04 to .06 lettuce or other stock received this week. Cashier.
German each ......... .. .10 Florida beets sold at 1.75 to 2.00 until Safe Deposit Boxes-For Rent.
Potatoes New York,bbl...... ........ 1.35
sacks .. .................... 115 Wednesday, when supply was larger and
New York Seed Potatoes- 1.50 became top, but Friday market ad-
Early Rose.. ... ................. 1.75 vanced 25 cents. A little Florida cabbagehas
Hebron..... .... .... ........... 1.75 THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIESare
Peerless..... .... .. ................ I.75 appeared, but small and poor and
Dakota Red .. .................... 1.75 not salable above 1.50 to 2.00. Old cab-
Chili Red... ...... .... ............ 1.75 b'age dull and weak. Celery in free supply offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of'95 and 96, including limited supply of

Yellow Ten Onions barrel, bbl lots,..loc.....less..... ........ 1-75 and selling fairly at steady prices, GENUINE '
Red Onions, sacks.. ............ .... t.5o though little is of size to bring outside BOONE'S EARLY TREES AND BUDS
Eggs. .........-.........-.... ..*-. .12 quotations. Florida eggplants scarce but
Also Grape Fruit, Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum,
Sweet Bessie.
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. seldom prime. Florida lettuce shows a Sanford's Tangerine and
common Orange, Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All Sour
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. wide range in quality and value and stocks. Write for prices to'V. on
Charleston and Norfolk is mostly and 'v. HA"
Yellow Yams, bush. ........ .......... 30 to .35 : poor VKIN9 & JOINTS
Sweet Potatoes!, ... ..... ...... ........ .30 : selling at 50 to 75c. Florida beans havein Georgetown, Fla.
Hubbard squash, bbl. ................ 1.50 instances reached 4.00 but 1,50 to 3.50
Lettuce, do*.. .. .. .... ................ .15 to .25 I covers most sales and the few received
Celery .. .. ......... ........-... -35 have peas for after this week from either Mexicoor
Egg Plants, bbl...................... 3.00 to 4.00 ranged from 2,00 to 5.00. California so that Florida stock will Thursday, Jan. 30th, 1896.
Tomatoes, crates .....................1.50102 50 rarely higher. Florida tomatoes in light ,
Sweet Pepper bu .. ............?.... 2.00 receipt and really fancy command 2.75 to embrace about all the offering for the NEW YORK.
Green Beans crate..... ......._ ....1.50102.00 3.00 but few next 60 days. It is a long season to be Car
Peas, crate................ .... 2.00 are good enough to exceed without much rivalry in the Riverside Exc. Nvls (Co-ops) $1 72
Turnips,bunch..... .......... ....... .OJ to .o6 2.00 to 2.50 and many range down to 1'50 principal . 2 17
Pumpkins, each....................... .OS to .10 to 1.75 per carrier. markets of the country and the State La Mesa 2 07
Kershaws, each.... ....... ......... 05 to .10 Beets New Orleans will doubtless improve the situation to .. Vernon ( )
Parsley,per doz. bunches ............ .:2010.35 pr 100 bu'ches, 4.00 the fullest extent. . 147
Green onions,per dox. bunches...... .15 to .25 to 5.00; Bermuda, per crate, 1.25; Florida -
Pepper,hot.bushel,................... 1.00101.50 per crate, 1.25 to 1.75; Cabbage, P. M. KIELY. CHICAGO.
Sage, well cured, Ib...................... .25 I domestic 100 1.50 ....... -
Hen...._.. .._.....-.....-...... 30 to .35 per to 4.00; California Oranges. Car! Riverside Navels j i Choice? 1 40
Roosters..._............_......">_. .25 Danish, per 100, 5.00 to 5.50. Celery, I .124
Half grown..........._................ .25 California, No. 1, per dozen stalks, 60 to Friday, Jan. 24th, 1896. "St. Michaels . 132
Turkeys, per pound,gross......._.... .10 to .12 90c Carrots Bermuda "
Ducks..._..__......_.... ........... .35 ; per crate, 1.25 to CHICAGO. Navels . 1 62
Geese. ......__...................... .35 to 40 1.50; Eggplants, Florida, per barrel], 3 00
New Beets, per 100 ..........._._ ..... .SO to 1.00 to 7.00; Lettuce, Florida, per half-barrel :. Car Riverside Seedlings, average 120 BALTIMORE.
doz. bunches ..... Navels. . 1 38
WaterCress, per 30 to .50 basket 1.50 to 3.50 Charleston Car
Cauliflower doz...................... i.ooto 1.50 ; and Seedlings, Average . 1 35
Leeks per doz bunches.... .. ......... .25 Norfolk, per bushel basket, 50 to 1.00; NEW YORK. Navels, Average . 1 75
... ................. Onions Bermuda
Radishes, per doz IS to :ZO per crate, 1.50 to 1.75;
Cucumbers,crate...... .............. 4.00 Havana 2.00 to 2.25 white barrel Car Riverside Navels . 2 10 -Orange Trade Reporter.
New Potatoes, per barrel .... ........ 3.00105.00 ; per (No. 10)) Riverside Ex. Nvls 2 40
Spinach,per bushel. ........... ...... .5 to .75 1.00 to 200; Peas, green, Fla. per crate, Riverside Exc. Navels . 2 37
Cabbage Florida ..... ...... ......... .05 to .8 2.50 to 5.00; Parsley, Bermuda, per crate, ", "
Wild Ducks .......... ..... ...... .... .IS to .35 2.00 to 2.25. String beans Florida . 1 75
Rabbits..... .... ..................... .10 per Vernon Navels . 1 52
Squirrels. ... ...... ................. .? to .10 crate, 1.50 to 3.50. Tomatoes, Florida, Tustin . 1 25 PECAN TREES
Quail...................... .......... .12"1 per carrier, 1.50 to 1.30; per crate, 1.50 to
Doves................................. o6 2.50; Key West, per carrier, 1.50 to 2.50; BALTIMORE.

per peck box, 25 to 40c. Havana, per Car Exchange Navels, average 1 50 ..
New York Markets. carrier, 1.40 to 2.25. -
BATTERSOX & Co. Tuesday, January, 28th, 1896.


The offerings of foreign oranges have St. Louis Markets. Car Riverside Navels . 1 43

continued quite liberal, and most of the Strawberries, Florida sold at 60 to 70c u . 146 PECAN
demand has been supplied with them. per quart. Oranges, demand very fair; Duarte Mon. Exc. . 2 46 NURSERY.

California fruit is dull but held about California Navels, 2.75 to 3.25 per box; BUFFALO.

steady in the better grades. We see no seedling, 2.00 to 2.50; Mexican, 2.25 to SANTA ROSA COUNTY FLA.
Florida fruit offering; fancy would sell 2.50. Grape Fruit, California, 6.00 to Car Pomona Navels . 187 ,

high and fancy grape fruit would bring 7.00 per box. Bananas, on order, 75c to Ri verside" . 2 19{) One-year-old PECAN TREKS from Papershellnuts

extreme prices. 1.50 per bunch. NEW YORK average 6 to 28 inches high, at 3 cents
Strawberries. Vegetables. Car Riverside Navels . 200 thonsand pertree
; $25 per ; carefully packed and
Scattering lots from Florida have Lettuce, Louisana sold at 4.00 to 5.00 u . .240 shipped as directed,transit charges to be paid by
shown very irregular quality; as a rule per bbl. for choice. String beans, Flor- ? . 180 purchaser on receipt. Money Order on Bagdad
they have been below prime and meeting ida quotable at 4.00 to 4.50 pe bu. box for ". "' . 1 90 Postoffice.
glow sale. Some have hardly brought round, and 3.50 to 4.00 for flat. Tomatoes . 175
express charges; fair to good have sold at Florida selling at 2.50 to 3.00 per 4- Vernon . 1 52 ARTHUR BROWN
30 to 50c; a few better lots reaching 60c., basket crate; California, $1.50 to 2.00 per Seedlings . 85 ,
and a few choice a shade more. Fancy 4-basket crate. Egg plant, sales at 1.50 Riverside Navels I . 1 92 BAGDAD, FLORIDA.P. .

large ripe are wanted. A couple of to 2.50 per dozen for Florida. Cauliflower u a . 1 55 O. Box No. -K
quarts came from Charleston but theywere California quotable at 3.00 to 3.50 Seedlings . 87
not in good order; no important receipts per crate. Green peas, Florida at 2.75 to Navels . 2 50

thence expected before March 1st t, 3.00 per bu. box; California, 1.75 to 2.00 . 154 ffRRYS

even if weather continues favorable. per 20-lb. box. Cabbage, firm, Holland CHICAGO.
Florida, 20 to 50 per quart. seed 20.00 to 22.00 loose and
; ,
Car Riverside Navels . 1 56 SEEDSPerft'Ct
Potatoes. frosted, 10.00to 12.00; California, lc} per S. "
. 1 22
Maine Rise have had a fair outlet and lb. On orders, choice, 1.75 to 2.00 per seeds grow
are held with confidence at full late pri- crate; Holland seed, lie per lb.; New Wednesday, January 29th, 1896. 'paying crops ii.>l uaui-e'ettect stPdsarenulgruNu Nothing
Bermuda Louisiana dull at 1.25; to 1.50 crate.
ces. State Rose dragging. cargo per CHICAGO. wewr i-tt to chants in grow. '
I was so light this week that receivers Cucumbers, firm at 2.50 to 3.50 per bu. Car Riverside Navels . $2 00 mg "'err)'II Seeds. DeaiefBBtll -
about 50c bbl. Sweetpotatoes box for Florida ] hot-house them vveryNLere.Crite for
I advanced prices per ; fancy large /Navels . 133
arrive sparingly and hold steadythough 2.00 per dozen. Beets, choice on orders, ? a Seedlings . 1 15 FERRY'S
demand is light. 1.00 per bbl.; new Southern, 30 to 40c per SEED ANNUALfor

Bermuda, No. 1, 4.00 to 5.00; No. 2, dozen bunches. NEW YORK. 1S96. Brimful of valuable

I 2.00 to 2.50; Houlton Rose, per d. h. Very fine strawberries are now coming Car Riverside Exc. Navels . 160 t information tttiout 1Jt1\and ntw.t.1tt .
bbl, 1.50 to 1.75; other Maine Rose, perd here from Florida. The conditionof H. 1 51 seeds. Free toy mail.
h. bbl., 1.50; Maine Rose, per sack, the fruit on arrival-the packing, Duarte . 2 26 D. M. FERRY & CO..
I 125 to 140; Hebron, per sack, 1.00 to quality, etc., so far indicate better meth- Detroit, Mich.
l'lOState; Rose per d h bbl, 1.37 to 1.50; ods and more careful work among the PHILADELPHIA.Car .

Jersey, prime per sack, 65 to 75; State i growers. No more berries are looked Riverside Exc. Navels . 1 18

- --- --- -- -



The Trend of Immigration.Editor the eternal keeping at it that makes I .-

Pa finer and 1'ruit-Grower: the State known and brings us the
Large numbers of settlers have left I! desirable class of settlers. Successfulgrowers I

the Northwestern States for the South Several co operative associations,

this winter, but unfortunately few with large capital, according to their

have come to Florida, the agricultural own statements, are now looking to- of fruits, berries, ,T..... 't. .1.o;:: __... &.""J.-. ... -.,....' 00'' _

classes seeming to prefer those por- wards Florida as a promising field and all kinds of vegetables, Ho Hurry Take Your Time !

tions of the South where staple cropsare for settlement, and they are making all know that the largest yields and Just bad a customer who was ten years
raised to those which produce sorts; of inquiries concerning the vari- making up his mind. Using our fence all the
best time too, as his farm Joins railroad with
such and kin quality are produced by
specialties, as oranges, ous sections of the State, with the RUJIi between.Q: send our paper free
dred semi-tropical fruits. i intention it is assumed, of planting the liberal use of fertilizers I I wlii e you wait.

Some of the settlers came in bodies i colonies in different places, and by containing at least 10% of -PAGEWOVEN_ WIRE. FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich.

and began homes in regions selected experience finding out which is the

beforehand by competent members, best for farmers and fruitgrowers.These .
whilst others preferred to choose for associations want all kindsof Actual Potash. dQDRAYERFLtI.YANIZEI

themselves wherever they wished, andso information about the State, and

be independent in action. their; complaint is that they find nothing Without the liberal use of Pot- ), $4.00

Texas and Lousiana have receivedthe more definite than a lot of glow ash on sandy soils, it is impos- SOLID COPl'EB, $6.60
share of the You All Want this! Catalog.
ing generalities, or some descrip.ion sible to fruits berries and
grow Improvements-Auto-
their and rich lands fine cli- \
cheap of grand hotels which have no inter- matic Agitator, etc. Will
mate, varied products and good agri-- est for them. vegetables of a quality that will \ t spray trees:M ft. high. We.

cultural laws making them strong favorites These complaints would seem to be command the best prices.Our J't'l'S'" are and the largest sell the manufacturers most. Wes

with people wishing to engagein well founded, and there is little doubt pamphlets are not advertising circulars boom. f ?_r' 'are prices the in originators Knapsack of Spray-low
legitimate farming and fruit ing special fertilizers,but are practical works, contain- -- 'rs. Just !send for our illust
grow that the absence 01! calm
truthful ing latest researches on the subject of fertilization,and Agent Wanted
catalog never stamp.
ing and wanting their property pro- statements about the various sectionshas are really helpful to farmers. They ar: sent free for
the asking. LE.XOX SPR.\nR: r0.15West St. Pittsfleld,Maw.
tected. The extraordinary stock law kept, and is still keeping, set. GERMAN KALI WORKS, .
of this State is well known 83 Nassau St., New York. nuuuuuuuuuuuuununuuuuuumurnuualumuwumI
among tlers away from the State. The high

Northern farmers, and they do not price of land in localities near trans -.- I II.1 I IE

care to come to a region whcre a hog portation has been the cause of some Bradley Redfteld. Eugene B. RedJUld I e PUFjp

not deemed worth feeding by its grumbling by prospectors, but that ESTABLISHED 1871. % 21 STYLES.

owner, has more power and protec- matter must regulate itself later on, REDFIELD & SON, BEST and CHEAPEST.

tion than the President of the United when there is little or no demand for E Catalogue and fall treatise on epraring fruit
States or the Czar of Russia.A The three Commission Merchants i and vegetable crop mailed free. Ad drew =
property primary causes WM. STAHL, QUINCY, ILL. B
prospective settler wrote me thata For keeping settlers away from here, AND aiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiimiimiiiiiiiiiui I I I I I I I iffiiiiim=?t

State which preferred half wild according to their letters, are the fearsof I

razor-backs to white American citizens, another severe season, the uncer- Fruit Auctioneers,

and half starved cattle to thrifty farms tainty of orange-growing as a crop, 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia' Pa. QUICK WORK \

and groves, could have its choice, so and the stock-law and cost of trans- We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables : I
far as he was concerned, as he thought The first be dismissedby either at private sale(which has heretofore been In selling and paying for Fruits Vegetables -
portation. may our custom) or by the auction system (recently shipped to us is our motto. WE
himself and his family of more con telling them that we do not have added to our business) as you may desire. GIVE GOODS SENT US! BY GROWERS i !
sequence than any starved four-footed a destructive frost here twice in BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
animal roaming over the our 40 years experience without default- 4
sixty second by provingthat .
years; ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing <
seeking for what it could devour. orange culture is one of the most and financial stability which any bank or
The stock law is,by prospective Driving Lamp that gives a brilliant merchants having mercantile reports can
many that
profitable enterprises can be verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
settlers, considered a relic of the dark started in Florida at present, and the light and will not blow nor jar out METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
name for our quotations. Stencil and
ages, and a type of the civilization of third by showing that the cost of trans That is the kind we offer you. cards your fre e. Letters promptly answered
Florida, and they do not care to cometo
portation not greater other Price, S3.SO.
a State where a wild hog is thoughtmore ,
things being equal, than elsewhere, Delivered anywhere in U. S. or Canada
of than a man. and that the higher price received for 116 f Warren St, New York.
Another reason for keeping people Satisfaction
our more than balances the dif
11'r.LhIII.: :)
1 Guaranteed : 1855.
away from Florida is the impressionthat ference. a

we can raise nothing here but These explanations can be honestly Send for book-Free
-- ---
oranges and a few early vegetables, made, and if they were they would do
and that they are likely to be frozenor much towards making Florida, an __ R.E.DIETZ COMPANY Right in Sight

taxed out of existence any time by attractive field for settlers and raising __ 60 LAIGHT ST.. Sure Shown
the weather the
or transportation
it to the condition of prosperity to hEW YORK
companies.This which it is entitled. J. M. M. We'll send you our General Cata.

mistake could be easily removed to the desire for Morphine Opium logue and Buyers Guide, if yot
by the distribution of literature DEATH O E H ,Whisky or Tobacco. Proof send us 15 cents in stamps. Tha
What we need now is the extensionof freer} Is to cure Morphine or pays part postage or expressage, an
giving the facts, but unfortunately I Whisky habits; $l for curing off idlers.
the railroad to Ft. Myers. Let Tobacco habit. keeps
again, most of the Florida literaturesent I It's a Dictionary of Honest Values
Mr. Plant bring his railroad here and TO THE SUFFERERS FROM
out is intended to appeal to mere Full of important information ru
he will receive the support of every i matter where buy. Pages
tourists and idlers rather than to you 700
practical farmers fruit and interest and every individual. Mr. I PULMONARY DISEASES. 12,000 illustrations: tells of 40,00
growers articles and of each. On
Plant or any one else can never over- right price
stock-raisers, although these are whatwe I beg leave to state that I now have a sure cure profit only between maker and user
require to build the State in come the seventy miles of shallow for that dread disease. Pulmonary Consumption.You Get it.
up water between here and Punta Gorda. well know that this disease carries off one
wealth, population, industry and in- seventh of the world's population every year. MONTGOMERY\ ARD & CO.,
tellect. The only hope for Lee County for any This remedy was discovered in Mexico, and I 111-116 Michigan\ Ave., Chicago
decided in have gained possesion of it, and now offer it for
The immigration into Georgia, improvement transportation -; Tale under a guarantee to cure or money re -- ----
facilities lies funded and to achieve
through a railroad. expect as great a success
Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas, -Manatee River I with it as I have with my Great Morphine, R. E. Neeld, father of the famous
Journal. Whisky and Tobacco Cures. Write for full
within the last few is par-
the main "
years ticulars. The price of Wilson's ConsumptionCure "Billy, of Point Pinellas)] fame, was in
source of their wonderful development 1 .I is $25-fio cash with order and $15 when town yesterday and paid the Tribunea
The of lettuce cure is complete. II you have any relatives or
in manfacturing and other in- shipments from friends suffering from this complaint, I would pleasant visit. He describes the
dustrial enterprises, but particularly Gainesville are very heavy, and many deem it a great favor if you would call their at- in his neck of the woods as
sention to this. No frauds are allowed to use the groves
in their crops, which are the marvelsof hundred dollars are received daily by United States mails now, and the fact that we being in excellent condition, and
the world.It the farmers. Saturday the shipmentswere have for four years done an immense mail order says
business should convince anyone that we can be that his son will probably have a full
may be stated as an actual fact heavier than they have been relied upon to do as we advertise to do. This this on his : Mr.Neeld's .
that Florida distributes known to be this Over remedy suits all cases. It must go by express. crop year grove
less year.
literature 1,500 Hope this will interest you and prove to be the grove contains about 300 trees,
adapted to securing settlers baskets went forward by express. means of saving tome friend or relative. I
permanent Address, B. WILSON, I about one-third of which; are budded.
than any other State in the South, andas Other crops are in excellent condition, Lock Box 97, N. Laredo Mexico.A This grove is one of the best in the

a consequence that there is more especially cabbages, and if the marketis i neighborhood, and Mr. Neeld's success

ignorance abroad concerning its resources favorable the farmers will be very stock company is being organizedat I goes to show that the hand that

and climate. A few circularssent successful. Tampa for the purpose of manufacturing holds the pen can sometimes guide the

out occasionally make comparatively *-.-.- all kinds of from -
paper palmetto ploughshare: lJ i uccess. Tampa
little impression on people; it is Pines are in bloom at Banyan I Tribune.

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i -

Where and How to Plant Straw- "Long Staple Orator." He made a JOHN L. MARVIN,

berries. business statement about good seed President.H. .
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: and Its price, and where he secured it.
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
Strawberries can be grown success What seed he had, he sold at fifty CAPITAIi $100,000.

fully on almost any soil if it is properly cents for a bushel. That coming

prepared. If the soil is too from Edisto Island, S. C., and known '

wet and soggy drain it ; if too hard I as the Beckett seed, woutd cost about THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

and thirsty subsoil it; if given to sand $I.So a bushel here, and the 500 ,

put vegetable matter in it by turning bushels ordered from Mr. Hopkinson, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

under green crops. of Charleston, about the same price. Qespeatfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and Genera
At the South strawberries may be He stated that he had bought four cars
Bonking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
planted from October 15th to April of cotton during the past season, and r

15th, except on stiff soil subject to received for same fifteen to seventeen

heaving in hard freezes. The plants cents a pound in the lint. INVITED.

I are injured not directly by the cold, Mr. L. S. Light of Reddick madea DIRECTORS

but indirectly by its mechanical effectto stirring speech, how, after the freeze, John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,

heave or lift the plants and leave he saw the necessity of doing something H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald

their roots exposed. On such soil do i for bread and butter, and was : Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson
Or H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.
from November 15th to
no planting compelled to do as they used to do

February i5th. many years ago, secure the seed with

The best time to plant everywhereis the promise to pay when the crop was

in the spring-in the latitude of marketed. He said he did this, and in FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE

North Carolina from February i5th turn furnished a bushel of seed to any .

to March 15th; and a little earlier or person who wanted it and had a horse
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
later in further :
proportion as you are and land on which to plant it, for forty best advantage.-A UTHORIZED CAPITAL fm: .000.

south or north. pounds of seed cotton when the BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
crop order. Write for price list and terms.
For field culture, prepare the soil was made.

well if the subsoil is hardor OFFICERS
subsoiling The result, he said, was that the GEO. R. FAIRBANKStPresident. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-PresIdent.
drouth likely to occur. Subsoilingis ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER f Secretary.
farmers of his section sold their crop DIRECTORS-Oeo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. O. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
also good in excessively wet sea- last for than HillsboroCo.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
year $4,000, more money J. D. Mead, Duval Brevard Co. F. d. Marlon Co. C. V.
sons as it enables the soil to hold more Co.; A. Brady, : Sampson, ; Hillyer,
their oranges had ever brought in one Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
' water without washing or drowning. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
season. So far as his section was con- Addressall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
I' Harrow well if are cerned, he proposed to continue the with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
Lands that have had clean cultiva
: Light process of securing seed if no !

tion for several years previous, being other method remained: open, aid or.. JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
free of weed seedare, best. At any rate ,
no aid from the county commission
it should have been cultivated the
ers. He said he had taken great painsto
it is to be infested Grocers and Commission MerchantsDEALERS
previous year, or likely select and keep none but the best
with white cutworms
grub or ,
seed, and had on hand when the sea
. both in their season highly destructiveto
son ended some six hundred bushels,

plants. Where cows almost have been of which he had sold half, and could Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,
pastured they are sure to
spare as much more at fifty cents a

abound. bushel, or furnish all the seed his sec. Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
Stable be used almost
manure can
tion needed on the terms already
without limit if thoroughly mixed with
\ FlorIda.
noted. Jaolcson.'ville
. ,
Wood ashesare
the soil
by harrowing. Billy Folks, of the Blue Springs sec-
also excellent. These two aloneare
tion made telling
a rousing speech
sufficient to make fine crops. PRICE-LIST OF WHISKIES:
what cotton had done, what cotton

Lacking these, sow in drills run off under MANONGA UELA RYE............ ........Jl 50 CABINET BOURBON.... .............. ..|6 M
three feet fertilizer could be made to do proper PARKER..... ............ ..... ........... I5 J. MARTIN RyE.... .......... ................ 300
apart, 300 pounds I conditions again for the farmer. ORANGE VALLEY........... ...... ..... too VIRGINIA GLADES................ ..... ... 400
rich in potash, and mix well with soil SPRING VALLEY........ ................. 250 OLD BOURBON.................... ....500
He spoke of the great necessity of BALTIMORE CORN ........ .............. a oo KENTUCKY SOUR MASH................. J oo
with harrow. .. ........ .
seed and illustrated his NORTH CAROLINA CORN. ... 2 so OLD ..500
List on this with a light furrow good subjectby CLIFTON CLUB........ ...... ... .......... 300 MONFROSE VELVET RyE............_... 6 oo
saying he had made with the
from each side. Knock this list down
planting of four bushels of seed, that JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, 75C. Remit by post-office
nearly level. Open holes fifteen i money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.A .

inches and set plants just deep cost $4 a bushel, 500 pounds of lint, complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application.
apart which he sold :lor twenty-nine cents a
enough to cover roots well and no JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
pound, and in doubling the planting ,
deeper. Much harm is done by
of common farm seeds had made
300 _
trowel I i n
planting too deep.Vhether ,
of lint which
pounds only brought
spade or stake is used to open holes, Sixty-three thousand square feet of
they should be broad enough to allow twenty cents. humorously floor space is included in the main
the character of this
plant, robust -
the roots to be spread somewhat fan. buildings now in course of construction -
of stock and so stout of limb YOU WANT J
shape when set. by the Selden door factory at IF
that he could scarcely get a horse
For garden culture plant on low Palatka. THEBEST
through the row when in the primeof i
beds three rows to a bed rows one _.
; -- --
their; growth but was their
meager GARDENin
foot apart and plants one foot apartin
blossom and less their cotton when
row. Have beds far enough apart SEED POTATOES
the harvesting season set in. Of this your neighborhood this season
' to allow walking between each seriesof
seed he warned every farmer to fight PLANT OUR FAMOUSall
three .
rows.Strawberries shy.-Ocala Banner. A full stock of Selectd Seed Potatoes grown 0
are so easy to grow, expressly f r the Flor'da Market and carefully
--r"4. ----- selected as to early maturing qualities.
are such a sure crop and are so sale-

able even on the smallest local market The Southern farmer should make Spaulding's Improved Burbank.. Per$2.25 Bbl.

his beef his pork his own Rural New Yorker, No.2 ........ 2.25
that they should be more extensively own own Improved Early Ohio. .... ...........2.25 of which are described and illus-
0. W. BLACKNALL. butter and eggs, his own fertilizer, and Improved Early Rose...... ........ .. 2.25 trated in our beautiful and entirely
planted.Kittrell N. C.Talk what he eats and what his stock eats, Dakota Reds .......................... 2.00 New Catalogue for 1896. A new

-, .. .. and have a surplus for cash crops. These Potatoes are grown by S. T.Spaulding, feature of this season is the Free de

on Cotton. Let those who are doing it tell The Avoca, New York who has had long experience livery Seeds at Catalogue prices to
in this line and is sending us only selected stock.We any Post Office. This U New Cata
noon assembled the largest Ruralist readers how they do it, or guarantee them true to name. We can logue we will mail on receipt of a

Monday farmers' have the cause of their failure to do it, in supply other varieties at lowest market prices.We I 2-cent stamp,or to those who will state
strictly meeting we ever I
case of failure. where they saw this advertisement,the

seen gathered in the court house. ..... a'so manufacture UTilE IDEAL," a Catalogue will be mailed Free I
-- --
General Bullock presided, and after a complete vegetable fertilizer, at $l7 a ton.

few preliminary remarks regardingthe About three hundred acres of landin PETER HENDERSON & CO.3S. ,

the vicinity of Hastings St. Johns WILSON TOOMER, !
of ,
necessity growing a money ft 37 CortUndt: St.,Sew York.
crop, introduced Mr. J. J. Gerig, who county, will be planted in Irish pota- "The Fertilizer House of Florida,"

has been honored with the title of the I toes this season. Jacksonville, Fla.

-- --.. -.-,. ".-, --- '_. .._. _-, :___0 ..._-..-- 1'iX896. : -,.- --_.. ,. -_.,."-
-- ---

-- .'. 0 0 n. 0 --- .. ._'" __ ..__ ._ __ _ ._ -. _0 0 PO' ___ __ ,_-_ ". _, ._=- -_ -__ .. __ "0 __ __ '. _. _



Crops on Farm Manures. harrow does not cover it too deeply.On WHITE WYANDOTTE COCKEREL for
wanted. HEN DE R Iii Of, Hobe
Editor Farmer and Pruit-Grower: part of the land sowed melons and GRAPE VINESI Sound, Dade County, Florida. itRARE

In the issue of the inst. other truck had been grown. Here,
1st J. Lunrt Stock ia the CHANCE.-WILL SELLTHE GREAT
:Mortimer asks information on where some of the cotton seeed meal World. Small Frnlta. Introducer of nnritiJled for Florida for twenty days at 25c.each,
Murphy II"Red Jacket Iew iel7aFYe v aCiati1orida c. cash with order. S. F. SMITH, Fruitland Park,
effect still the clover is .
crops for home use made with home present G "' Florida. 2-15-2
the best. This seems to show that an
Now don't all
manures. speak at LEASE FOR FIVE YEARS, 8200..
once on this theme. I will say for addition of nitrogen to the soil will To splendid Farm,105 acres,good hammock.
help the clover start. The stand on Eight-room house,out-buildings etc. Situate on
the benefit of others well friendM.
as as Duval Island Suitable for fruit, stock truck,
that there is on nearly any forty the harrowed ground, as mentioned, Lan d s tobacco. Apply to Capt. W. C. ZIMMERMAN,

acres in our section some land that is is trom fair to good, but the growth is Inverness Florida. 2-15-4

alway damp but never overflowed, and as yet, (February 2,) but small, and Orangesorts BUDWOOD.-SEND IN. YOUR Jaffa, Centennial ORDKRS,

that we have at last learned that here- the outlook:is that when I want to begin Hart's Tardiff* Meditteranean Sweet, Maltese

cultivation-it is sown in an orchard Blood, Homosassa, Majorca, Nonpareil, and Navel *
discarded land is salva-
now our ,are$5.oo per 1,000, or 750 per 100; Dancy
tion. We are clearing it and plant- and vineyard-the growth will not Tangerine, Satsuma, Amory's Blood, Pierce's
amount to much. Next time I planto [nvestments Ruby, DuRoi Blood, Royal and Improved Pome-
ing it.Rice. los, and Eureka, Sicily, Genoa and Lamb'sLemons
best sow earlier, say first of August, so are $7.50 per 1,000.delivered. Budwood
is about the
cropsugarcane Developments guaranteed free from White Fly, and true to
will do well, but it must be madeas that some growth worth while will be name. W. K. TRIMBLE, Braidentown, Manatee
made in the fall. Probably in sum- County, Florida. 2-15-4
the will be
dry as possible or cane

watery. Corn is a sure crop on such I i mer sowing some shelter crop, oats or Attractions FOR SALE.-Fine lot of six-year-old Grape ,
trees will be sold cheap. Seminole Nur-
for instance should be sown. Address
land, and while speaking of corn, I rye sery,with good stock of Sweet. Sour and Rough
November loth is the time to plant. With such dry weather as often comes G. D. ACKERLY, Lemon for spring budding. Forty-acre farm,
1,400 trees in grove, will be sold cheap. Family
in the fall it is likely thatan
\Ve there will be very CCMCRAL PASSENGER broken and
are supposing no ACCNT. up. Come see me, or V. B.
occasional sowing made late in the WEBSTER, Fort Meade, Fla. 2-8-4.
freeze; if so, plant again at once. THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,
This will with the March summer might fail. In that case
rains. No weevil will trouble there would be time to sow again. .-Sow from six to ten pounds per acre. t
worms ,
Forty cents per pound, postpaid; ten pounds or
and green corn will sell in local mar- JUD PIERCE. m n Cured Permanent over, f. o. b.. twenty-five cents per pound. Write
Home treatment
kets. Irish potatoes are a surer crop Spring Hill, Mobile Co., Alabama, C AN C E R ly.knife|20 or to plaster.$35. No- for FARM prices, Edgar on large, Putnam quantities County to, Fla.EXCELSIOR 2-8-tf SEED

than sweet, and will keep for home DR. JOHN B. .
... HARRIS, Fort SEED FOR SALE-Delivered
sell in home market at $1.50
use or
Payne,Ala. J. ii. MCKINLAY, Box 76,
per bushel at least. I have quit high "Natural Plant Food. Jacksonville, Fla. 1-25-6 .

land and sweet potatoes for low land i For Sale. MONEY by buying Pear, Peach,Plum,
Some parties are sending out circulars The following varieties of flower seedsI SAVE
and Irish I do not think at Orange, Ever-bearing
potatoes. of Natural Plant Food, whichis will sell at two cents packet, five pack- Japan Plum and other fruit trees, from firathands.

this time of any other staple crops. pronounced nought but ground ets for eight cents, seven for ten cents, Catalogue free. J.H. GIRARDEAU,Mont-
cello Fla. 2-1-6
When it comes to truck such as is when a stamped envelope is sent with or-
rock. It has been
suited to damp land there is no end.I phosphate pretty der: Balsams, mixed; Balloon vine, Bal WONDERFULNitrogen! traps for soil en-

have now eight-pound culiflower well established that ground phos- I earn apple Beyonopsis (Marble vine), cow pas,
phate rock or "soft phosphate," is Canna Nepalensis, C. flaccida, and a scar- the cheapest fertilizer known. Send for price-
onions list. H. GIRARDEAU Monticello Fla. 2-1-6
sixteen-pound cabbage, two ] ,
flowered Canna Castor bean Ricinus
available for plant food only to very ; ( )
inches in diameter, also beets of finest limited extend and to but few Crotalaria retusa (Florida sweet pea or WALDO SEEDLING PEACII TREES -

kind, tomatoes, squash, strawberries- very West India rattle-box), Cypress vine, to budded trees for a home orchard.
plants. To be available, phosphoricacid Trees extra fine. 5 to 7 feet. Price, $5 per hun
beans just out-greens too numerousto white; Lantana, Marigold, Thunbergia, dred. A choice lot of seed Chufas, $i per peck.
mention. Yes oh all of that must be of organic growth (bone) yellow; 'Vistaria,blue; Velvet bean, Zinnia T. K. GODBEY, Waldo,Fla. 2-1-4

yes, or changed by fire, as in basic slag, Watermelon (Kolb Gem). For these
potatoes coming on two fine Ipomeas I ask five cents CITRUS
or dissolved by sulphuric acid. very Per single 1000 $10 oo. Per two or
made them last year "as large as a per packet,Mexicana hybrida alba(White more thousands, $8.00 f. o.b. F. B. Kervan,

dog's head," or, in other words, at Uncle Sam's Financial ConditionIs Mexican moon flower) and Brazillian NorwalkFla. 1-18-7.

the rate of 300 bushels per acre. But Morning Glory, delicate lavender. WE MANUFACTURE Strawberry Cups and i
I fertilize. is about very much like that of many farm I have also a few bulbs and tubers(that and the six basket carrier crate. ,
now garden
My may be sent by mail) at following prices: Wolfenden &Co., Sampson City, Bradford Co., _
merchants and manufacturersthe
ers -
one-half acre, on this I put about six Amaryllis equestre, six cents each, three Fla. 1-18-5

one-horse wagon loads of stable man outgoes are more than the in- for fifteen cents; Tube rose, double, five 4 oc GLAZED HOTBED SASH 4 feet &> 5

ure, (I bed or litter the stable with comes. Uncle Sam has been expect. cents, four for fifteen cents,; smaller l&U feet; sound condition. will sell the lot
for$100 f.o. b. In less quantities$1.00 sash.
cow dung and leaf mould) three sacksof ing "something to turn up" to relieve bulbs, ten cents per dozen; pink oxalis N. L.Clark. Manager,Farmer's Commercial Co.,

cotton seed meal, and a few poundsof him, without reducing the outgoes; so bulbs, ten cents per dozen Madeira: Caladium (or Bushnell Fla. I-114
Taro), six cents each ; vine, two
nitrate of soda and about he borrows two or three hundred Iwrote last about Seedling
100 for six cents ; Butterfly lily, six cents.I WHAT year my
ions tide The farmer thinks Potatoes brought a large correspondence. -
to over.
of cotton seed hull ashes Canna roots Pereskia
pounds as can supply Another year confirms my opinion of its
they are especially rich in soluble times! will be better next year, and so Aculeata, and many others, at reasonablerates productiveness and fine quality,so I will offer it
to the public at one dollar a crate. Dudley W.
a on his farm and on application.Though .
phosphoric acid. This may foot up puts mortgage goeson Adams,Tangerine, Fla. 1-113

$10, but here is a powerful lot of with the old style of living, or some will notice I ask you to pay the the postage worthof ,

of them do. Better let Get you you always get TURKEYS, and Indian ,
along Langshan
truck which we hope to be able to eat up. your money, especially when orderingfive BRONZE Fowls and eggs at reasonable prices.

and give away. When it is off I can with what you can pay for without bor- packets or more of seeds. If satisfac- Mrs. W. H. Mann, Manville, Fla. 10-12-12

cut three crops of crab grass hay or rowing. Get a little more living out tion is not given, I would always be gladto
of the garden. Raise a little more be informed of it. FOR SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres
two crops of rice without extra fertil-- 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
izing. stock. Make a little more homemade M. 0. MILLS.St. tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,
Thomas, Pasco County, Fla. Fla. 8-24-tf
fertilizer. Cultivate little thoroughly
Pinellas, Fla. WM. P. NEELD. a more -

,and get your nitrogen from the CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
air. DENT-A-'YOBD" COLUMN. Parson Brown Stark's Seedless,
Crimson Clover. Jafla, Tangerine. King, Tardiff Grape Fruit,
*-+-* Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: The Cuban Tobacco Growers' Com RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St Michael,
one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. Noth- Malta Blood and CentenniaL Address, A. L.
Last October I sowed some crimson pany has started the manufacture of ing taken for less than cents. Duncan Manager, Milwaukee Groves and Nur-
: 25 .
clover land fertilized with in the French block Broad series, Dunedin, Fla. 8 i7-tf
on 100 cigars on Advertisements for this column MUST be pre

pounds muriate of potash and 300 acid street, and are using the finest Cuban paid. ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut In- I

phosphate per acre. When part of tobacco. They have but ten men en- Send no stamps larger than two cents. We pay freight Write for our late
Initials and figures count as one word.BUDWOOD.ALL price-list. E. W Amsden,Ormond,Fla. 7-i-Ul
the ground sowed had been harrowedover gaged in making the cigars at present,

with a smoothing harrow aboutan but expect to increase the force con- IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres. to yean set

inch of rain fell the seed Cubans LEADING VARIETIES :SO in other fruit trees, etc.
began siderably. Forty more are and Pomelo. Write and For sale at a sacrifice. Address y," The Palms,
sprouting the next day and no harrow- expected during the early part of next state number of each variety you wish and get Lane Park.Lake County, Fla. 4 2;-9m

done after the rain. At this week and where to be housed prices for spring delivery. Sour seedlings for
ing was they are sale. J. W. &F. D. WAITS, Magnolia Nurseries,
writing I have a fair to good stand of owing to the crowded state of affairs Belleview Florida. 2154POINTER IF ANY of Dr ONE William's who has Pink been Pills benefited will write by the to

clover where the seed was harrowedin now, is more than your correspondentcan BITCH FOR SALE.-A WELL- THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,they will re
ceive information that will be of much value and
and practically none where not har- imagine. Enough seed for three nicely-broken Bitch. Color,ticked interest to them.
and white Age, eighteen months. Address R.
rowed. The seed not covered sproutedall hundred acres have been planted, one B BULL, Bradfordville, Florida. 2-15-3 .

right, but the root could not get hundred and fifty of which will be FOR SALE.-TWO-YEAR-OLD HART'S r."o* MAKE HENS Animal LAY-There MeaL 40 tons is sold nothing in Floe likeHawker's

down as fast as the ground dried and used by the company and the rest by trees on rough Lemon. Strong rough ida last year. Hundreds of testimonial For
Lemon,Grapefruit and sour Orange Seedlings. particulars, write E.W.Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
nearly alljof: it died miserably. I infer I the individual farmers. In additionto Very cheap. Will bud to order. RICHARD KLEMM, io-i3-tf

from this that on our light piney:I this, several farmers have sown their Winter Haven, Florida. 2-15-3 Brabmi, Barred Plymouth Rack and

woods land crimson clover seed should own seed.-Ft. Meade item in Tampa HART'S TARDIFF BUDS FOB SALE- LIGHT Turkey Egg for hatching,$1.00 per
cents for one hundred,delivered.. setting. Mrs. C. Gomperti,Lady Lake, Fla.
I be covered and that a smoothing Tribune. iSm
M. F. MCDONALD, Grasmere, Fla. it I

---- -- '- ---- --- ._- - '-- --. -, - -- -'._ -__ __ _._ 00__ __ ..-
__ !;;

., -. .'r .- r ,r- _.-- -. -. v -, .....-0 _. =-=.- -- --: -. .--_. $-.- --f4I



SAVANNAH LINE The Clyde Steamship Co. 1;



48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and ,

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston.

: OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

I to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

I both ways :
From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29. 2. R.) STEAMER Florida.!
: .' 'II Monday, 27, at 3 p in.... ..... .."ALGONQUIN"..............Sunday, Feb. s,at sooa m
Wednesday 29at3pm..SItMINOLE" .......... ..Tuesday 4, at 7:00am
Friday, 31.at3pm..COMANCHIt".ThuI'5da1. 6at 9:30am:
Monday. Feb. 3, at 3 pm....... ....'CHEROKEE".............Sunday, 9, at 100 p m
Wednesday 5, at 3 p m............. "IROQUOIS"............... Tuesday, "II, at 1:30: p m
Friday 7, at 3 p m.. .......... "ALGONQUIN".....-...Thursday, 13,at isoam:
Monday.Wednesday. Io,at 3 p m ........... ."SEMINOLE".Sunday j6,at 6.ooam
t2,at 3 p m ..........."COMANCHE". .... .........Tuesday 18,at ,.oolm
Friday, ". 14, at 3 p m............"CHEROKEE" ............Thursday, 20, at Boo: a m
Monday. 17, at 3 pm............"IROQUOIS"..................Sunday, 23, at 11:00: a m
j Wednesday, u 19 at 3 pm.......... "ALGONQUIN"....... ....... Tuesday, 25. at IOo= p m
Friday, u 21, at 3 pm............."SEMINOLE"... .......... Thursday 27.at 1.30pm
d Monday 24, at 3 p m............"COMANCHE" .......... ...Sunday Mc'h r, at 5.00am
Pa..aRe Rates: Wednesday, 26at3pm ..........."CHEROKEE".,........ .. 3at 6:30am:
Friday, II 28, at 3 pm....... .... "IROQUOIS" ....*....... Thursday, 5, at Sjoam
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00; Intermediate, $1q.oo; Excursion 143.30;
S Steerage,$12.50. -

I Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $rjoo; Intermediate, $moo j Excursion $47.30;
Steerage $1425The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: ,. JOHNS :RIVER: LIN.


(Central or 90Meridian Time.)
I For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
City of Augusta Sunday, Feb. a, 7.308. m.
City of Birmingham Tuesday, Feb. 4, 10.301. m. the St. Johns River.
Nacooehee ............. ..............Friday, Feb. 7, 12.30 p.m.
Kansas City y, Feb. 9, 2.001. m.
I City of Augusta ,Feb. n, 4 30 p. m.
City of Birmingham Feb, 14 6 oo a. m. The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers
Nacooehee Sunday, Feb. 16, 7.ooa. m. it CITY OF JACKSONVILLE "
Kansas City............. Feb. 18, 8.oop. m. .
City of Augusta .,. Friday, Feb. 21, io.ooa.rn. Capt. W. A. SHAW,
City of Birmingham............... .................. Sunday, Feb. 23, II.oaa.m. .
Nacooehee Tuesday, Feb 25 2.30 p. m. "FRED'K DeBARY,"
f Kansas .Friday, Feb 28, 5.003 m.
Capt.T. W.LUND, Jr.
FROM Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 3:30 p. m., and
'... Sunday, Feb. 2, 7.3Oa.m: from Sanford at 9.
daily Sunday
except a. m.
Tallahassee .... Thursday Feb. 6, n.ooa. m.Chattahoochee .
& Feb. it, 400 a. m.
Gate City .. ..........................Sunday, Feb. 16, 7.00 a.m.Tallahassee SOUTHBOUND. SCHItDULE NORTHBOUND.
.........Thursday, Feb. 20, 9.00 a. m. Read Down I Read Up.
...... ........... ....................... Tuesday, Feb. 25 2.308. m.CityofMacon Leave 330 p. m ...... ..................Jacksonville ............ .. ...... Arrive 3.30a. m.
8.45 P m. ...................... .... Palatka................... .... Leave 9.00 p. m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. If 3.00 a. m. ....................... ... .Astor. ........................ 4.00 P. mII
4-30 am. .................... ......... St. Francis.......................... 2.30 p. m.
(These Ships do nor Carry Passengers.) ...... .............. ............ ........... ... Beresford ..............?...... ....... If 1.30 p.m.
f ............................ ............ Arrive 8.30 a. m. ...... ........ ..... .... Sanford..n... Ie 9.00 a. m.
.... Saturday, Feb. 8, 1.30 p m. II . ... "
9.25 a. m. ................. Enterprise. ............... ...... 9.30&. m,
City ot Macon .............-......Sunday, Feb. 18, 8.00 a. m. .... .... .. .... .... II
..... .... ......... ..
#V. City of Macon ................ ........................ ................ Friday, Feb. 28, 5.00 p. m. I I So. Fla. R. R. 11.00 a.m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
". I .
v.; Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah Florida & Western Railway, A. J. COLE Passenger Agents Bowling Green, New York.M. .
l Florida Central& Peninsular Railroad. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager Bow ing Green New York.D. .
I Through Bills of Lading,Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and Bast. See your D. C. MINK. General Freight! Agent. 12 :o. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia,Pa.
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to THEO. O. EGER, Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.F. .
J. P.BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida: Passenger Agent,204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
L L. WALKER,Agent C.G.ANDERSON Agent JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
New Pier No.35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building,Savannah, Ga. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis Wharf,Boston '
W. L.JAMES,Agent, 13 S.Third Street PbiladelphiaW. .
H. RHi TT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.J. WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agents,
.D.HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent. Sav.,Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway.N. Y.
i i J.I.. ADAMS,Gen'l Bast.Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A.DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent, 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia 5 Bowling Green New York.
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington st, Boston.
s i W. J. FARRELL Soliciting Agent. W.B.ARNOLD. Gen.Trav-Pass. Agt,
; New Office, 224 West Bay Street Jacksonville.




WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., Adapted to all Heads

From 3 Feet to 2000 Feet.ENGINES .

Grain Garden Seeds and FertilizersOO AND BOILERS


We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of work built of best material, with parts in

terchangeable. Carefully Inspected before leaving

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal a "l fi works. Pamphlets of either sent. let us know
what kind of work want to do.
I you

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. JAMES LEFFEL CO, Springfield Ohio USL/

STATE AGENTS.FOR PURE GROUND BONE __M ........__..,.......-........_ -,--- ... -..-..w--- ---- -..-- ,
l '_ It-.;..iu' r.stKja f r x.-arrantlng: ; our tart as per
C '"< ".. if t autajue, Is.HP rajn-large portion
& llen Pertlllxer Bo. "!. : hag
: NITRATE SODA -- s of thru. AJt tte origin*! lut.uluct-rs
W arrani.d d Item .Miller Cnm
t01\YS :- the loryluhl Laigfclow *
Melon,Ohio and Burbank Potatoes\\arnnt
I Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, ./lGJ' jG: ",ti, ', head Itubtard Early and Marrowfat Murblelmul Pea. Eciljs!Nqiwsbm: Bt Marble-, Keo

tucky Wonder and Marhlebead Horticultural
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH, S d f'? / CA'f- p !. Beans. Soutbport Early Globe and Danvers Bed
ee Glote; Onions. All feusons and MarMebPad ){am.
? ,
Tree and Vegetable > moth Cabbages and iiunivrotM, other valuable vegetables
f KAINIT, Etc "" t ,we solicit share of the public patronage. Our
RI Catah< i FERTTT. many new Vegetables A Flowers the best orlbe old.ill be sentree.A 4.JIL6REiOaTAb0SZIr' I.1./n..4
I These Fertilizers no superior in the market,and i trial will convince
Cod for Catalogue free.
. .

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o 9 *
r i

,:':,-- / *Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed

'" 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per Wt
rCT 17E pound; Rescue Grass,30 cents per pound.WILSON.


... ,
... ,

: t t .. Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractivei.uxi GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA.



r FLORIDA POINTS THEE AND THE NORTH from heavy heads from 12 to 16 inches long, and warranted Absolutely Pure. %

l Florida Central and PeninsularNEW .

This is certainly the greatest boon to stock and poultry raisers that has ever been introducedinto fx
THROUGH ROUTES. Florida, producing more grain and fodder than any other cereal. The grain makes a superior
article of meal for the human
l New York to Jacksonville by
New Florida Pennsylvania B. K. to Wash- While the supply lasts I will send, prepaid, enough seed of either variety to plant one acre
and I Ington Southern Railway to for$[.oo; enough to plant two acres (one of each variety), for |t.90, or four acres, '3.50.
Northern Columbia, Florida Central &:
Air Line. Peninsular to all principal WM. L. ORANGE,
points in Florida. MannvlUe, Fla.
Cincinnati to Harriman June-
Cincinnati, tIon by Queen &: Crescent
.t 'HarrimanJunctIon to Ashe- 300 ACRES IN NURSERY. O ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. 0 38TH YEAR.
Aihevllle & vllle and Columbia by Southern -
Railway, and Florida
Jacksonville J bia Central to Jacksonville.&:Pensnsular-Colum- FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.Oriental .

r; Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Cincinnati Queen &: Crescent to Chattanooga Pears Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks( Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat, Strawberry !
and Southern K'y to Ever- Plants. Grape Vines, etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens, Camel as coo Palms
: Florida}ette,Florida Central&: Peninsular 10,000 Camphor and Cinnamon trees,Roses. The Greenhouse Department is die largest andmost
Limited. to all important Florida complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to South
points. era horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta Ga. No Agents. -
4 Kansas City Fort Scott &: e
'" Kansas and City Memphis B.K.t to Kansas Cit I TUbi4 ,+#*
}Ito Southern R''
Birmingham 'y
; Irish Potatoes.
; Jackso'vllleThro' Line to Everette, Fla. Central & prices become normal again. Therewas
Peninsular to all Fla. points. -
l no real surplus in fruits, vege- ii'vil ;
Louis to Jacksonville by The question is being extensively
t Short Line to Du tables or cereals had no person gone
Holly Sp'gs 1St. Central to Holly Quoin, considered in the Northern agricul- hungry in the United States. It is
Route. City, Memphis &: Birmingham tural whether half imma-
to Birmingham,Sou. press grown, not over production, but under con-
J R',to Everette and F. C.& P. ture and imperfect seed potatoes are sumption.-Southern Ruralist.
Sioux City &: Chicago to Jacksonville desirable and result in equal crops
l Ill. Cent. to Holly ... .
r Holly Sp'gs}Sp'gs K., C. M. & B. to Birmingfiam with the well selected, fair sized and
Route. Sou. R'y to Ever- fully ripened seed. The questionseems Protection from Mice and Rabbits. +
ette and the F. C. &P.
Louis'ille &: Nashllle to River as far from solution as fifty -
New Orleans Junction. F. C. &: P. only years ago, when the advocates of Clean culture around young trees
To }route with through sleepers
4 Jacksonville between New Orleans and small and large seed potatoes were removes nesting places for mice, andis '

r. Jacksonville.The pretty evenly matched. It was my a partial prevention of their mis- .i

F. 0. &: P. has 700 miles of track in experience when a boy that a large chievous work, while banking the ,

Florida Tobacco running Megvtns through, the tuber produced a large, heavy vine, trunks with earth to the height of one ti l
awning' and Dairy Section, foot will be a complete protection.
'Peach and Strawberry Land, and when I pulled such a vine I was
Orange,Banana and Pineapple Country, pretty sure to find large tubers be- Encasing the trees in a fine mesh h

,, Phosphate Has the Belt.Silver Spring and neath it. There is a general w that wire, such as is used for screen doors,

Other Fine Scenery I "like begets like," though not a uni- is an effectual remedy against both
The Great Hunting Country.
Beaches the ifoted Fishing Ground versal ore. Would like our readers' mice and rabbits. Cut a strip 18
Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety inches long and of sufficient width to .
of soils in the State,and above all experience.There
Runs over the Central Rldgeland is no vegetable crop grown. give room for the growth of the tree,
Where It Is High and Healthy. that so imperatively requires plenty of I and weave together at the edges and '
Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers have an effectual protection for
humus you
1 the best freight facilities for any produce to or decayed vegetable matter
the Northern markets. the soil as the potato. No amount of years.
Send also for the best map of Florida (sent -. .- i V
free),and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAODONELL.G.P.A. fertilization will make a first class crop
How to Save Seventeen Cents a Poundin This illustration gives an exact repre-
Jacksonville,Fla.The of potatoes on,land dtstitute of vege- Fertilizers.Mr. sentation of this new variety which out-
i table matter, and this vegetable mat- yields any variety of field corn now grownin
Fla Cent. & Peninsular R. R. ter is best obtained in the South by a the South. This past season, on THE t

Offers to systematic culture of cow peas and Cow Pea and :Miss Clover area RUBAUST grounds, it yielded from 20 to
weed. On soil filled with well-matched pair (Miss Florida Clo- 50 per cent more than other varieties.
I beggar a
The Shortest and Quickest Route Being much impressed with its value, we
decayed pea vine and clover roots, ver, nee Beggar Weed, for the more have made arrangements to supply it to

FLORIDA AND BETWEEN ALL POINTS IN supplemented with the cheap forms of Southern States) for hauling nitrogenfrom .our readers, and we want every one of ;
food in the air and it where to take of it.
THE EAST AND WEST. plant potash salts and acid putting you you advantage By special

With Improved Ventilated Cars this com- phosphate, abundant crops may be want it-in the soil. The manufacturer send arrangements with the introducer we can
is better equipped than ever ever to anticipated if proper cultivation is observed will charge you seventeen centsa you one pint of this Six-Eared Corn,
handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops and corn postpaid, and THE SOUTHERN Rn-
Insure close connections and prompt despatchto pound for bagging it, and you do the .RALIST for one year, for 35 cents, or one
all Eastern and Western to destination Markets. with- There were some eighty million hauling. Is it not just possible that quart and THE RUBALIST, one year, for

out Through oars' more bushels of Irish potatoes pro- therein may be discovered the absenceof 60 cents If you are a farmer you can't: :.
change or
Perishable freight followed by wire and duced in 1895 than in ordinary good profit? afford to be without this Six-Eared Corn

shippers advised time passing various Junc and What will be done with .-*-. or THE RURALIST. You need them both.
..UonjQInta and arrival at destination. Send now. If you will obtain two new .
All claims for overcharges and loss promptly the surplus?" is the question of those A good market awaits the future subscribers at 25 cents each for us we

See adjusted.that goods are markedvia living in parts of the country where orange crop of Florida among the in- will send you a pint free; or' it'you will '

F/C. & P.your R. R. they find a dull sale at 8 cents a bush. creased 'population of the 'United send us four subscribers at 25 cents each

For information call on or address the un- el. They are probably worth 20 centsa States when it shall have been grown, we will send you one quart of Six-Eared
Corn free. Addreos
dersigned: bushel l feed to stock and it will increase ,
C. E. TAYLOR,Trav.A'gt. Ocala,Fla. to hogs, or probably a million SOUTHERN RURALIST,
W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A'g'Orlando, Fla. poultry. The probabilities are that boxes a year after 1896. Its distance Iln'ERLACUElf, FLA.
O. M.HOLDEN, Trav. A Leeab
W. R. FULLER; Trav.A'gTamp gt fir the low prices will decrease the acre from the home market will averagebut

Or N.B. PBJiNINGTON.Jacksonville Traffic ,Fla. age in 1896; the season may be better about one-half other orangegrowng The Florida orange crop'this season

W, H. PLEASANT8. General Freight,Aft and consumers more able to buy, and districts. varied little from 50,000 boxes.

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