Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00058
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 22, 1894
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00058
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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S. Powers, Publisher Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE. FLA., DECEMBER 22, 1894. Whole No. 13oO "xEN'ol.YI,SEIilES.No. 61.





58 fc 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN ST.,


:MADE: :FROM: : '

The best Chemicals for the purpose for which it is in-

invited and stencils furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted at tended. Not of "filler" ..
all principal shipping points, an ounce or

REFERENCES "make weight" used."

First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce,Buffalo,N.Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's Read our guaranteed analyses. Write for prices. .._
Agencies.SEED. ;, .

Moisture to 8 ct.
Genuine Florida Grown Rye. $2.50 per bu.; Texas Red Rust-Proof Ammonia.. ..4to4perct.per
Oats, 75 cents per bu. Manufactured by the Potash(actual).12 to ct.
Crimson Clover, lb. by mall post paid, 30 cents; In 5-lb lots and above Phos. Acid(avail'e).6 to 7 per per ct.
by express or freight, 15 cents per lb.; Alfalfa or Lucerne,Ib by mall post-
30 cents; In 5-lb lots and above by express or freight, 15 cents per Simon Pure Fertilizer Works .eir": Made exclusively from Sulphate of Ammo
Ib Japan Clover and above nia, Sulphate of Potash and Dissolved
post paid, 40 cents; 5-lb lots by expressor Bone
freight, 30 cents per lb. Black.
H. G. HASTINGS c@ CO. SEEDSMEN.: : We also manufacture a special fertilizer for
young orange trees, tomatoes, onions, grapes,
Catalogue free on application I n te r l lac hen, Florida E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Props., etc. Formulas made from practical field tests.



; In some parts of the country at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE or no =r
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest but Best Frauds-Fruit Wrappers.NO .
6 and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow f.
for sale. Sample oranges by mail for loc each,to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE. ORANGE MARKET
C. A. BOONE, Agent. ,

Semi-Tropical Nurseries,Orlando, Fla, MORE CHEATING.

Everything for Florida. Established 1883. now Consumers know that of they Fruit get Wrappers an honest ream may EXPOSITION

,r of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto CO.
9 To everyone Interested in plants,whether for House,Orchard or Gar
den.ourCATALOGUE ream as some unscrupulous dealers
Jacksonville, Fla.
: and MANUAL supply.

1. will be found invaluable. We can supply all Fruits as grown in the South "
besides Ornamental and Useful Plants and Trees from the"Four Quarters OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed We have organized to establish a
Oo ,,,,,/ J' of the Earth." (From Aloe to Zingiber," etc.) Write to-day.
Wrappers are put up packages

REASOXEU BROS., Oneco, Fla. of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is the orange growers of Florida. Also to store
numbered, in printing, consecutively fruit,if necessary,over a cold spell or to pre e
from 1 to 1000. No one can vent gluts,having fine

HONESTLY BEATour Storage Capacity and Very
(I*.i..iabcr s Mew Cauuogu iur x&>>49j' >,recoua.s 17 years'experience; w ith the early,prouucuve and hardy aatsuma orange
and the vigorous. Citrus trifoliatanich..without protection,stands the winters,as far north as Washington,uninjured.) Cheap.We .

OA SESPO ELOSaCI RUB FRUITS toTHE prices. Send for samples and prices flatter ourselves that we can save the
growers a great deal of money by our system,
is variety,on orange and trUohata stocks. Over 300 varieties ouercu for Florida and
r raoes, olives,mulberries,pomegranates,almonds,pecans,Janan walnuts,Tapan chestnuts,kumquats,ornamentals not for pledged to any one,but simply to do the best
C JERSEY CITY, N. J. Give Us a Trial.
Aesttng varieties m extensive experimental orchards and grounds,maintained tor the purpose at considerable expense,has
been a leading feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay in the information afforded. Guided N. B.-We do not deal in unprinted
by results obtained in our own rose pardons we have selected and offer as especiallYtrell adapted to the climate of this retrion. B.
9.Jl TIES ROSES. wrappers. General Manager.

/ a grown S annual and orttcaltural Land-book,freo full and correct descriptions;40 accurate, : Q CORRESPONDENT:
artistic illustrations t recent results vith leading sorts j latest practice and best methods in culture and management. Send toO a 1GRGiSTNra WELL MAC IINERY'Yorks.
-Ii.TABER. Glen fit TffflTV. Fla. for new edition(enlarged and rewritten thronofrmin of the Catalog of Ms All kinds, of tools. Fortune for driller by using our SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
.tdm'intineprocess;can take acore. Perfected Economical -
Artesian Pumping Rica to work by Steam Air etc. of Florida.
Aurora, 111..J Chicago, I1L Dallas, Tex. SEND FOR 39TE1'TCIX' .
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Cincinnati Desiccating Company's Pure Bone Fertilizer,

Manufactured from High-Grade Sulphate of Potash and Pure Animal Matter,prepared by a desiccating process,which extracts the useless materials and moisture. Compounded according to formulas.
especially adapted 1 the Florida trade. Analysis sworn to and guaranteed. Pure Ground Bone, Bone Meal,Cottonseed Meal and Agricultural Chemicals.

COCCIDICIDE:A material ABSOLUTELY FATAL to the alleyrodes citri,or white fly,in all the stages of its development. Equally fatal to red spider,rust mites,their eggs,and to scale,with-
out reference to the hatching period. The largest growers are using it with satisfaction.
THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE: Widely used and favorably known.


Automatic Spray Pumps, Hydraulic Spray Pumps- Bucket Brass Spray Pumps, Knapsack Sprayers, The Low Down Tank Pump
The Nos.3 and 4 Climax Pumps, Tank Machines, Steven's Water Motors, Portable Engines for Irrigating and Spraying Purposes,
Pumps for General Use,House Force Pumps,Light Pumps for Wells, Wind Mill Regulator Force Pumps, Drive Well Points.
,:" 'j/id: NOZZLESNixon: Nozzles, Myers Nozzles, Gem Nozzles, Cyclone Nozzles improved Verm orel Nozzles.

,, .
Rubber Hose, Plain and Wire-Wound, Rubber Lined Cotton Hose, Hose Couplings.
Hose Menders, Microscopes, Achromatic Triplets.
I -,

Butcher & Gibbs' Imperial Spring-Tooth Harrows, Imperial Spring-Tooth Cultivators, Imperial Heel U Bar Lever Smoothing Harrows,
One and Two Horse Wood and Heel Beam, Chilled and Steel Mold Plows, Coulters, Wheels,etc.

"<'" '
1'j "Y',,
Bangor Box Sides, Veneer Cut Pine Sides : '
Pine Heads Sawed Birch \
Dry Hoops, |.
Split Birch Hoops, Freshly Cut Green Mixed Hoops,

Manilla and Colored Orange Wraps,

r. Shelf* Paper, Box Nails etc

Orange Sizers, Orange Polishers, Berry Cups and Crates, Cabbage Crates, Six-Basket Tomato -

and Fruit Carriers, Pineapple Crates, Ladders.


s., H*. XS XV HA.RF. l ac -soll."" ""'i11 F1a..



been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement:
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower..

It has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

other Insecticides have been throughout the State,

'. But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed;on
the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. .
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis
very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or'Yellow
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used.

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. .... .
.: These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. .
References and general directions for using furnished on application. ::< :
: Write for Price-List. J<,'


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r: Grove and Orchard. prevent further confusion: and them- gether ; this variety, although not a
selves avoid disappointing results. large size is
a good shipper, of excel-
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FRUIT. lent quality, and is one of the best
"Some of the varieties have dark early market sorts. Following No.
flesh, others light flesh, still others a 129 early in September, come the first
mixture of the two. The light and Okamies
continuing to ripen for a
dark flesh differ radically in texture month. Hyakume ripens from the
and consistency as well as appearanceand middle to the last of September, the
f' yt whI when found in the same fruit are bulk of the crop ripening together.
S ; never blended, but always distinct. which is also true of Yemon, which
{ The dark flesh is never astringent; ripens next. Tane nashi ripens with
ar the light flesh is astringent until it Yemon, and Hachiya with Okame,
i '' softens. The dark fleshed fruit is
j F' 4u Yeddo ichi early in October, Costata
; 1\; t crisp and meaty like an apple, and is later in the month, and Tsuru latestof
+ .,. vty {, 't edible before it matures. Some of
p. .d h,, y y' ,.F'd.1' -r d i +r N iktS+:''" 'i. :r all, often hanging on the trees until
V rt.r"tio} a +" 5k/iW. 1 +'/"'.r,,, Qr+ #"r 'rri)% et"'"+1 7. e?,. 3I. '")' :;x Rt/ the entirely dark fleshed kinds improve midwinter.
r l W'M: .3f3
r }w.y s f'F'y iv 1t *
hY Y Ys J r ?+ Y F ib, it.irb 4 tf4 as they soften like Hyakumeand
y K rte'
sn,*. ;- f 'Yr' j.. t / s.,:y ;d43 itG1''.L n+ '9 t -4' zt' Yeddo ichi; others are best when "Costata is a medium sized fruit, of

still hard, like Zengi and my 129. As conical, pointed shape, somewhat
they are good to eat before they are four sided ; diameter 2 t8 inches lon-
ripe, it is not so important that the gitudinally, and 25 inches transversely -
dark fleshed kinds be allowed to reacha ; skin a distinct and pronounced

certain stage before being offered to salmon-yellow color; flesh light yel-
consumers unfamilliar with the fruit. low, dark flesh and seed seldom oc-
The light"fleshed kinds and those with
curring ; astringent until ripe, then
mixed light and dark flesh, are very very fine ; one of the latest to ripen; a
delicious when they reach the custard
good keeper. Tree distinct, a rapid
.. like consistency of full ripeness. In upright grower ;: foliage luxuriant ; the
some of the kinds having light fleshor most ornamental of all.
mixed light and dark flesh, the as- "The largest of all the varieties is
tringency disappears as the fruit be Hachiya. It is. oblong, conical, with
.. gins to soften, as with Yemon, and ina sharp point ; very showy ; diameter
I HACHIYA (Japanese Persimmon). Natural size. less degree with Okame and Tane- 3/ inches longitudinally, and 3U
nashi ; in others it persists until the inches transversely skin dark brightred
The Kaki or Japan Persimmon.The per box.' In 1894, C. F. A. Bielby I fruit is full ripe, as with Tsuru. The with occasional dark spots or
( following is from the nursery said : 'I shipped quite a large quan- light fleshed kinds should not be blotches and rings at apex; flesh, deep
catalogue of Mr. G. L. Taber, of Glen tity last year, and every box I was offered to consumers unacquaintedwith yellow, sometimes having occasionaldark
St. Mary, Fla., and the cuts are from able to put in the market sound sold the fruit, until in a condition to streaks with seed. Astringentuntil

Prof. Georgeson's forthcoming work, for a very good price. At the same be eaten ; a person who has attemptedto ripe, then very good. The
"Fruits of Japan.") session, S. S. Harvey said : My fruit eat one of them when green and handsomest fruit of all. Tree vigorous -
"The Kaki or Japan persimmon is went to Chicago in good condition, 'puckery,' will not be quick to repeat and shapely ; bears fairly well but
no longer on trial, but must henceforth and brought from two and one-half to the experiment. Seeds accompany is not as prolific as some.
: be placed among the leading fruits of two and three-quarter cents apiece.' the dark flesh. The light fleshed "In sizeHyakume runs from large to
: the cotton belt. It is especially well Following Mr. Harvey, Mr. T. K. kinds are seedless. The kinds with very large; its form varies from round-
: adapted to the coast region. Grafted Godbey said that he usually found a mixed flesh have seeds in proportionto ish oblong to roundish oblate, but always -
.; on our native persimmon it seems per- good market near home, but that he the amount of dark flesh. flattened at both ends; generally
fectly at home. The tree is vigorous, had shipped some; one shipment, flu TIME OF RIPENING. slightly depressed at the point .
prolific, and has few enemies. For teen days en route, netted $2 per box; "The first persimmons (in August) :; the stem; diameter 2% inches opposite
i market this delicious fruit has the merit he had received as high as $3 net. are Zengies ; the whole crop does not longitudinally, and 37B inches transversely .
of shipping well and keeping long. It The box referred to above containsa come on at this time, howeverbut con- ; skin a distinct light bufHsh ,, -
l requires some experience to determine trifle more than a bushel. tinues to ripen for sixty days. No. yellow color, nearly always marked
when the fruit has reached the proper CORRECT NAMES. 129 comes in soon after the first Zen- with dark rings and veins at the apex;
stage to be marketed, and this varies "The varieties were badly mixed as gies, ripening their whole crop to- flesh dark brown, sweet crisp and
with the different varieties. The fact
they from
t came Japan, and are still
that it has often been offered when immature much confused. It is safe to say that
i and inedible has made purchasers not one-half the varieties heretofore W'1
in some markets reluctant to take offered for sale have proved true to
hold of it. But wherever it is knownit name. After fruiting a great many
meets with ready sale, and when varieties, as many as nineteen in a sin-
placed upon the market ripe it is easi-- gle season, and after several years'
ly introduced, and speedily becomes a careful study of the subject, includinga
I. prime favorite.AS comparison of varieties from many
A MONEY CROP. orchards and sections. I feel warrantedin
"Under this head I cannot do bet- saying that the varieties mentioned +'S''a1i .
,. ter than give the experience of leading below, five of which are shown in the i :
growers, as recounted before the State. accompanying illustrations, embracethe +
Horticultural Society, and to be found most valuable kinds grown in this
in its published proceedings. In 1893, and that the
country, names given are + -4
President W. Adams said 0 S Y }W a, s r' G s r
Dudley .
correctly applied. Referring to my Yir? 'h +c -'' y.'t' # 4p
The first two years, when I had the identification of varieties, Prof. H. E. s" j Y,. 'tr + ,
,. market practically to myself, I got Van Deman, while chief of the Divi- : V n.Tfi J r r Y
from $6 to $I 0 per box. This last sion of Pomology, United States De
year they ranged from $2.50 to $5. partment of Agriculture, said: 'Your
: Excepting one year, my returns have description of varieties exactly accords
been very satisfactory indeed. It requires with my own.' There need be no '%e
o the least work, the least fertil- further uncertainty as to these varie- \ ,
izer and the least attention of any fruit ties ; not only are the descriptions full &
I have on my place.' The same year and complete, but they are well knownto
N. Woodworth said: 'The profit of careful propagators under the names

;. the Kaki as a market crop seems fully given. If planters will take pains to r ..
: settled by the sales of last season's assure themselves that the varieties

,- fruit. Returns show from $3 to $4 they receive are true to name they will HYAKUME (Japanese-- Persimmon). Natural size. .






LOCKHART LITTLE, President. J. E. STILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.




, I 4 .,.
Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree.

November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. .


II Orange Planters True Value Number One, "Orange Planters True Value Number Three," ,

;, Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.

We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. Pam-

phlets and prices furnished on application.meaty .

not astringent; good while through which not only the market- may attain the desired end is to become only tree that can live through the
still hard; a good keeper ; one of the ing, but also the cultivation of their incorporated together, just the I fires that annually sweep over the
best market sorts. Tree of good goods is systematized. The viticul-- same as any other business interest, country."
growth and a free bearer. (See cut). turists of that State have a syndicate i seeing its interest in combination, Thusoneby onethe, cherished illu.
[Remainder next week.] which controls nearly the entire grape i would combine. The growers should sions of youth are ruthlessly dispelledand
product there, and the small grape decide upon the fair value of their opinions, seemingly based on in-
Oranges. raisers Who had previously lost money, whole plants, and then put them intoa contestible facts are rudely swept
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: are now making it. There was a corporation, taking stock for those away by a few strokes of Mr. Adams'
Under this title the New York Sun. fruit growers' convention in San Fran- values. After the organization of the trenchant pen. ,

on December 12th, 1894, publishedthe cisco last month, at which the ques- company, the best men obtainable Before reading this opinion we had
following editorially: "It is too tion in all its bearings was discussed, should be put in charge of each de always thought that the forests of any
late in the season for any Florida and it is to be brought up again next partment. The best methods of grow- land were a pretty sure index of the
orange grower to repeat the annual month at the Sacramento meeting of I ing could be practiced. Each crop character of the soil beneath; that
plaint of all fruit raisers about the the American Pomological Society. i could be improved in quantity and the Darwinian theory of "the survivalof
shortness of the year's crop. The The objects are to improve the qual- quality, be well gathered, better as- the fittest" held true in the vegetable -
supply of Florida oranges in the New ity, to lessen the cost of production, sorted, properly stored, and shippedto as well at the animal kingdom ;
York market, as in the markets of transportation and sale, and to open the greatest advantage. If the and consequently that a forest of pines
other cities, is greater at this time new fresh-fruit markets. The pro- companies were large enough they generally argued a soil so poor in pot-
than it ever. was before in any month ducers of dried fruits, also, have or- could charter steamers or sailing ves- ash, that they alone had survived be-
of December. They are brought hereby ganized into extensive organized as- sels, or get rates for whole trains upon caase they needed so little of this ele
steamer;, by sailing craft and by sociations for the purpose of producing the railroads. Their agents in New ment.
railroad; and there is the most profuse a better article at a lower cost. A York and Boston could see that fair
display of them in all parts of the well-informed Californian, who has prices were obtained by regulating the In attempting to prove his theory,
Mr. Adams for
city. There are two things to be written intelligently upon this subject, marketing, cold-storing, surplusses, coincidences.must account some
for in-
said about them; they are not nearlyso makes these remarks: and generally preventing glut and strange Why,
these annual fires
good as they should be, and theyare 'The day of the individual fruit dryeris slaughter.The stance and for so
centuries have
a good deal dearer in price than passing. Five years ago every grower companies could also under- confined persistantly their the ,
they ought to be. had his drying trays, his dippingpot take to grow a few other crops that ravages to" sandy
lands and "flat woods and thus
"The Florida orange grower who ,his sulphur box; now every promi- could be most profitably made in con- ,
the oak and of
favored us with a letter upon the sub- nent fruit district has its association to nection with oranges, so as to utilize spared hickory forests
ject, made an important statement in take, the fresh fruit and weigh, grade, their land and labor to the best ad- the uplands ? Would Mr. Adams
regard to their price. He says that clean, dry, process, pack and sell it. vantage. have us believe that the intelligentred
the small growers find it hard to These associations consist of the growers With the resulting improved..g uaL man was aware of this strange fact
make the crop pay at 80 cents per who take stock according to acreage ity, the economy of large production, in forestry, and therefore had careful

box in Florida_ but admits that there and contain no outsiders. So, far the_ proper_ division...of labor. as .well. as ly guarded his favorite_ haunts againstfire
are large growers who make moneyon they have all made money, and have of culture, and 4 selling in the ultimatemarkets ? But that this intelligent care
their crop at perhaps less than 75 not attempted to do impossible things. the Florida growers would had ceased when he reached the flat-
cents per box, net." This means They send delegates to a State associa- find plenty of margin for profit. woods which: were given over to an-
that the large growers of oranges can tion, but they are not "in politics," I I WILBUR ALDRICH. nual forest forest fires and their natural -
raise them more cheaply, profitably, and require no legislation of any sort. 120 Broadway, New York. consequence, a forest of pines ?
and advantageously than the small In a few years more the bulk of the The idea of the live-oaks, hickories;
growers; and there is no doubt of the California dried fruit will be put up by magnolias and beeches being greedily
truth of this statement. It supportsthe these associations, and possibly muchof Another Illusion Dispelled. licked up by these fires, and pines
familiar argument in favor of large the canned fruits. They are espe- Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower; alone, which on account of their resinous -
farming. The big cotton planter cially valuable from a business standpoint The potash and anti-potash contro- nature seem so poorly qualifiedfor
possesses advantages over the small i training the fruit growers in versy, which has been waging for such a fight, surviving, and prov-
one. The bonanza farmer of the commercial methods, as necessary to some time has had but little interestfor ing the salamanders of the forest-
Northwest can raise grain more California success as soil or climate. us in Middle Florida, who do not was new and startling; and if it had
cheaply than the small farmer. He "'Ve commend the California sys- grow oranges, and therefore we have been enunciated by almost anyone
has more capital, better machinery, tem to the small fruit growers of Flor- given it but passing notice. else, would have provoked an audible
and better organized labor at his com- ida, who have been losing money by But on reading "Mr. Adams' replyto smile.If .
mand. The tendency in every branchof their crops. Large production and Professor Massey," in your paperof :Mr. Adams' theories about potash -
modern industry is towards the scientific management are the condi- the 8th inst, we find this new theory are as original as this on forestry,
large or bonanza system of pro. tions of industrial success in this age in forestry enunciated by Mr. we can readily account for the contro-
,duction. of the world." Adams. "The true reason so muchof versy they have raised. _
"The California fruit growers, large The simplest and most effective Florida is covered by pine insteadof J. H. GIRARDEAU.
and small have formed associations which the Florida hard wood is that the is
process by growers pine the Monticello,Fla.,Dec. 10, '94. : .


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kind of Raw Material.
and Pineapples. Every
For Orange Trees, Vegetables,

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For bearing orange trees. For bearing orange trees. For..young.......orange...... 5 trees.to 6 per cent. Ammonia.Vegetable..........fertilizer...... 5 to 6 per cent.
.. cent. Ammonia....... ....... a to 4percent.. .. Ammonia. ........ 6to 8.* "
Ammonia........... .. 4 to 5 per ... Avail phos. acid........ 7t08" Avail phos. acid
Avail phos.acid........ 8 to 10 h Avail phos. acid 6 to 8. acid. ...... 2toJ": Insol phos. acid ........ 2to -1" ".
Insol phos.acid........ 2 to 3" "" Potash Insol phos.K20 acid................... It 2 to to 16"a" I. Insol Potash phos.K20.. ..... .... 3 to 4.. I! Potas)KSO............. 9 to 10" '
Potash K20 ... .... 10 to 12" I I $31 per ton. $38 per ton.
$37 ton.


It is not necessary for them to actuall Trees I

The Pinery. freeze to sustain injury from cold. Prolonged < Orange .

cold will whiten the leaves and

Melbourne, FL. damage their vitality almost as much
Edited: by JOHN B. BEACH.
wwwmmwwwsPineapple as actual freezing. In replying to your Lemon Trees I

Culture-Some Puzzles
GROWER I did not mention this,as lain
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
always careful to avoid any suspicion

Assuming that you will permit me : of a slur on a neighboring section. I The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.

to reply to the articles recently printed have seen the results here in exposed

in THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWE] places and speak from experience." _

in reply to my letter on "Pineapple No one, least of all the writer of this, I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-

Culture-Some Puzzles," I will mak will accuse Mr. Beach of any slur on rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five

this paper as brief as possible.In the lake region; he has said by word to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times; and propose to sell at

the beginning, I wish to disclaim of mouth and by his pen too much i in hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.

intention of injuring any; be under but Write for prices.
any our favor for us to any M. E. GILLETT, Prop.,
section of the State by the questions I deep obligation to him. Weirsdale, Fla.
asked but I have been public!
; Mr. E. D. Putney, of Mount Dora,
charged by a resident of Avon Par
"How can Mr. Pabor, or any
with writing on purpose to injure tha other says man, expect a good pineapple i i if RIBERA PECAN GROVE AND' PECAN NURSERY,

place, and he says that every residen: the fertilization costs less than a cen
so believes. Now, Mr. Editor, I ask) '' "It has been On Blackwater Bay, opposite Bagdad, Santa Rosa County, Florida.
to a plant? Also. prove;
you to look over my letter and see i if that an acre of full bearing oranges can PAPER SHELL PECANS. ONE YEAR OLD TREES.
what he asserts is true. My own set ,
utilize from to 5,000pounds
I profitably 4,000
is in Avon Park township and<
tlement of first-class fertilizer. Now,, 1894-PKICE-I.IST AND BUSINESS KUtES.
four miles from Avon Park!
scarcely if Mr. Pabor, or Mr. Wilkinson, or Seed nuts at one cent per nut. Table nuts at fifteen cents per pound. One year old trees,average -
village, ;and whatever affects om Mr. Bester will give their pines that 6 to 12 inches high, at 5 cents per tree;$40 per thousand. Terms,cash with order, in money
registered letter. Postage must accompany orders by mail,or same
place affects the other. Would I be order on Bagdad post-office or
amount every year they will get there will be deducted from the order. Orders carefully packed and shipped as directed. Transit charges -
likely to do anything that would injure receipt, of order. No responsibility after shipment. Absence of
actual of the fertilize to be paid by purchaser
other resident Now, the cost ] shipping direction will ship by express. Instructions for planting, cultivating, etc., cheerfully
me more than any from December to March. Earlier the better.
I used was nearly i34 cents. The aver given purchasers if requested. Planting season
of Avon Park township? It was in age returns from sales by Indian river ARTHUR CROWN, P. O. Box No. 4, Bagdad, Florida.
formation that would be valuable to(
shippers in 1892 and 1893 has not exceeded -
of in the lake
every grower five cents. Hereabout, then,,
region that I sought, and am still the plants and fertilizers have cost us:: TO GARDENERS, FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, &c.
seeking for the fact remains, that
three cents, not counting expense of
there are other pineapple plantation:: ILANTBED
clearing land, which is nearly $50 per
than the at Avon Park first referred -
two ,
acre, planting and cultivation. If all TRY
to that were planted in the
three items of expense figure up to
of that have fruited = CLOTHFor
summer 1892,
within even one-half of the amount re
either ,so sparsely or not at all, tc
turned only there is not the big profit and best from frost.
winter use and prove that it is the cheapest protection
reiteration of the
compel the ques- its Used thousands. Also
in pineapples we have been led by by
tion. is it? Plants in splendid
Why believe
Indian river advocates to ac- TENTS COVERS.
condition as to size and appearance,, crues from their planting, at least from .
standing two feet, even three feel -
is another
the first crop; afterward : Etc. Etc.
Circulars, Samples, ,
high, and at least twenty seven matter.If .
months in the ground and yet-not
fruiting. These will no doubt give Mr. Putney ever saw the plantations National Water-Proof Fibre Co.

fine fruit next spring. The questionis I at Pabor Lake it was during my

absence, as I have never seen him Kew York.
but 36 So-u.th St. -
not as to ultimate fruiting, as to
Some time he sold out at
the time required for slips to make
the first crop. After that, the rapid Avon Park and settled where he now The Old and Reliable
is. Has he found a better country?
growth of the suckers, as far as I can MAGNOLIA NURSERIESHave

perceive, seems to insure a crop every In the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
twelve months.Mr. of October 27 appeared communica for sale Fifty Varieties of Orange, Grape Fruit and Lemon Trees. Among the choicest are

H. White and Maltese Straight, Red Dancy Tangerine, Hart's Tardiff Pineapple,
from Mr.
ions James
Beach in his article printed
.J.B. Boone's Early, Jaffa, Dulcissima,Taper Rind St. Michael, St. MI-
October 20th, seems to think that the L. C. Washburn, M. D. The first chael Blood, King, Satsuma and Kumquat Orange, Marsh

fertilizer used was not the best that could shows very conclusively that he grew Seedless, Walters, Josselyn, Aurantium and Tri-

have been selected. But my plants, good crops within two years from suckers umph Pomelo. One to three year Buds,

to which I had special reference, had that"were fertilized but very little." Finest in the State.

Mapes', Bowker's and Paine's special His 1883 planting fruited 85 per cent BUD-WOOD FURNISHED AT ANY TIME. AddressJ.

pineapple brand on them, not Simon of pines with ground fertilized, at the W. & F. D. WAITE, Belleview, FlaCIRCULARS

Pure No. 2, which was only first used rate of 1,200 lbs. per acre, and these

last year, with the intention to use suckers "lay on the beach from May OF

till September" before they were plant-
No. i as the fruiting season approached.Mr.

Beach, in a letter to me under ed. His 1884 planting was of slips, SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain

date of October 17, says: "I do not and he fertilized heavily with cottonseed

know how to account for your troubleto meal only, at the rate of three a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
No other fertilizer have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by usin
pines to fruit. Here fines set in tons per acre. +'amiiy, which we
get of
of seventeen We one
extensive experience years. carry
July on good average land always seems; to have been used: Query: Is our

fruit, half of them at least, the second it worth while to pay from $45 to $55 The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States.Send .

spring, if properly cared for and are per ton for commercial fertilizers when Ifor circulars. Address o. znu. PIERC.
sunset Hill,Lake Co.,PIa,
ottonseed meal at about $37.50
winter. per
not injured by cold the first : ,

.. .',-




The Fertilizer House of Florida, One that will create and make bloom, mature and sweeten the fruit. The most successful ,

CROP-pnODUCING The Fertilizer House of
FORMULA! on the market to-day. Note Florida
Ja.oI t1.'V'iI1e: : 1'1ct.. (no ,
rock phosphate used)).

Ja..O.I -S<>X1.'V'iIle9: T'v s...

Best Crop in Twenty-Three Years. H. J. BAKER & BRO.'S --0-

M. T.J. HILL Maitland, Pla.,writes under date Sept. lE94
24 :
used"The last H. J. BAKER & BRO'S Complete Orange Tree Manure I Complete A Large, Smooth,
December Bright
I consider a great benefit to old Orange Tree Manure.o Crop.
trees. I used about one ton to 140 trees. I have been my in the orange or- DANIEL FOLEY, Killarney, Fla in letter Sept. 21, 1894 writes:
ange business about twenty-three ,and "The H. J. BAKER & BRO.'S
I Complete
years have the best crop I o which Orange Tree: Manure
have ever had. I purchased of you last season has given me perfect satis-
and Guaranteed Analysis : faction. I have a larger crop than ever before, and a greater
More Fruit portion of the fruit is smooth and than in p'ro-
This bright '
Year Than in Three Years. Moisture ......... ...... ...................... 10 to 13 per cent. Bright Fruit, No Insects. past seasons.
D. A. MORRISON, Maitland Fla writes Ammonia derived from Sulphate of Am- S. S.
"The H.J. BAKER & Bro.'s Orange Tree Sept.Manure 26, 1894 I : monia and Organic Matter ........ ...... 40-100 to "I have WOOD used, Fruitland the H. Park, Fla.. states Sept. 21, 894:
bought of Available 4 J. BAKER &
you last fall gave me as good satisfaction as I could wish and Phos.Acid from Dissolved Bone... 4 to 5 Manure the past two BRO.'S Complete Orange Tree
expect to use it this fall. I have more fruit on I Insolub'e Phos. Acid from Guano, etc........ i to good condition. seasons with good success. My trees are in
than in the past three seasons, and I attribute it my to grtvo the this of year Equivalent Pure Bone Phos. I ime..... .. .. II to 17* bright and both very free from insects."
use II.
Baker& Potash Actual, from
J. Bro.'s Complete Orange Tree Manure." Sulphate of Potash only 10 to 12 "
Magnesium Sulphate Chloride, etc.,Calcium -- --
Sulphate, Organic Matter, etc ............ 641072 "


PRICE, $39.00 per Ton in
ellWeare, however,just as ready to make per Ton Sae1: ;s.
blood and bone, cottonseed meal any special formula, at lowest possible prices as to sell
potash, etc., Because chemicals, fertilizer
we Carry Them All in Stock. materials,
reading send for We don't own a ground tobacco stems,
copy. newspaper. and our space, is limited. Our "Oranges, Tropical Fruits and Kentucky Vegetables"tobacco is stems worth,

Jaollceon'r111o: h 1or1cic .. '-VILSON & TOO Rt

ton, laid down m this lake region, will article and by inference has done -
answer the ? me I wrote you an answer to his article
purpose ductive and
an injury for which he be seems to be a good keeper.
Mark this point. From may yet and aimed to say nothing in the least
in When
slips set called to account. But the baked it has the flavor of
February. 1884 he in game may harsh; but it could be little else than
got [885 a 90 not be worth the powder, and I am I roasted chestnuts. The Nancy Hall
cent If personal, if a reply to his last article.
per crop. cottonseed meal just has proved to be
egotistical early and
enough to believe that productive
: I do ,
and that
cultivation will do this on the regret you objected to and this
though Mr. King has been here in as is a Florida seedling it
Indian river it ought to do it in the this region continuing a purely personal contro- should be tried.
eight while I have extensively It has
lake region at least in two years from been a little over two years, his versy; and, with the following expla- short, thick vines and is of a rich
prac- nation I
the time of planting. Between Mr. tical knowledge and personal observa- am done. Some time ago I yellow color.

Putney's theory of heavy and Mr. stated that I would antagonize Mr.
tion do not make him better JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.
White's fact of light fertilizing,and then qualified to judge Mr. Washburn any White's claims of superiority of the Grand Bay, Ala., Dec. n, 1894.

only with cottonseed meal, is it a other or east coast over the west as long as he --. .. .
any man than
question of fertilization at all in Avon to do. Also, that my of own enableme continued it. As he offers nothing Salt in the Cane Juice.

Park township? Mr. White's data my own new, and I had expressly stated
are work I am better fitted to judge than my Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

really the only valuable information so one who has seen it perhaps in dislike for personal controversy, I haveno I have a son on Indian River Flor-
once a ,
far elicited in the discussion that has to say anything further on ida
who has
and _
year then not the plantation on the quite a cane crop, planted
out of first subject, so that if others think
grown my The article the condition of which article last spring on rich bottom hammock
by L. C. Washburn M. D. and my was more should be said I now withdraw'in land
( based.In and in making it into a
their syrup
the value of this addendum to a name favor.'V. few days he
conclusion ago finds it
my question, "Why so strongly
signed to an article on pineapple cul do not E. DRISCOLL, impregnated with salt
pineapple slips fruit in two or rather it hasa

ture, is an unknown quantity to me) years from planting in Avon Park Avon Park., Fla.Farmer. of Manatee. salty taste, so much so as to make it

goes to prove, as shown by his June, ..nnn".1LV n?;),-,.,:"'i)" :in__ ____ unfit for market. Can you
N luy J110gment remaInS suggest a
1894, crop, planted in August, 1892, without a satisfactory answer. Proofs remedy that will neutralize that salty

that it took at least two years to fruit have been abundantly offered as to $$ Trucker taste and make it fit for market? An

suckers ; and every writer on the sub- suckers but immediate will
not as to slips; and any reply greatly oblige us.
ject that I have ever seen is on record disinterested person who visits this Strawberries.Editor I I would state that where this cane

that suckers mature a' crop six to section and becomes acquainted with Farmer and uit-Grower is planted he cannot get fresh water

twelve months sooner than slips. He the facts, will ask the same question. : through pumps or well-all brackish.
. also that his had No amount of manuring after
proves crop less fer- Their ultimate fruiting and-there- planting SUBSCRIBER.

tilization than I had given my home after-an annual I have strawberries will make up for the Georgia.

patch. Yet he pineapples need crop never neglect of manure before planting. We fear
says doubted or hinted a doubt of we cannot help you. The ,
silica, and that this "is in abundance to the time required. ; only as.. The strawberry stores up material for introduction- any foreign substance

in the sand hills," just where weo" W. E. PABOR. !. fruit, and to do this successfully the into the cane juice for the purpose of

Avon Park and Pabor Lake and Frost Pabor Lake, Fla., Dec. IS, 189.J. material must be at hand. A. L. R. neutralizing" the salty taste would

Proof are. >-o-. is right; the manure should be placed create two evils instead of one.

une ivir.vm.. King, 01 Avon Park, The Last Word. under the plants. But after the plants: It is often the case that vegetation
and have
Fruit-Grower. made their
has a letter in your issue of November Your note'stating that I am entitledto their growth and laid up] under conditions of forced association,

17, after having printed a differ- a rejoinder to Rev. White's articlewas stores they need assistance to will absorb into its sap foreign and
ent one in the Avon Park Idea bring to perfection. This is nowthe deleterious principles which its
at an received in due time. I felt dis I time pervert
earlier date. The ; give this assistance by an nature. It is said
editor of the Idea inclined to write it until I read that muriate of pot-

did not print my article, but allowed I editorial in THE FARMER AND FRUIT your application r'u.of. some good. .fertilizer.. ash injures. the flavor of Irish potatoes

several answers to it to appear in his GROWER of December 8th on the sub- for vur JJ1U1JL3 are lUll VI blooms and aue to the chlorine- it contains. An
over two months
paper, so that the people of Avon ject of the controversy as to the meritsof rain. It has we have had no excess of cow-chips will render oran-

Park, except those who were F. and the two coasts of Florida. Now begun to give us a light |ges so insipid as to be unfit for eating.
F. G. subscribers shower, but a good rain is badly The alkali of the
saw but one side of with your permission, I will have what needed. great plains in Utah,

the matter; and in this the editor of I feel very sure will be final ]Nevada and elsewhere is absobed into
my say on At this time of year there is no needto 1 the of
the Idea did certain
me an injustice which the subject. My record is not justly cultivate the sap grasses to such an
has resulted in strawberry. Winter extent as to sicken
placing me in a false chargeable to one personalities.. the cattle feeding
position, as shown by my mention of Readers will remember that the last ar- should, of pepper grass and the like
the belief that prevails there in the ticle of mine published in course be kept down. This 1 believe that it renders them sterile.

first part of this article. He should spoke kindly of Mr. White.your This paper was this stirring time of of the soil that is practiced at This alkali, by the way, is chiefly soda,

have had the courtesy to have first immediately followed by one from him soil is year harmful on our light sandy and the above fact will doubtless be
more than
printed my paper before admitting; that was a complete change from his allows frost good. It i interesting to any of our readers who
to at the
get roots.
replies to it. i may contemplate trial of
former style, as it contained little but Our a Andrew
In the article in Mr. sweet potato crop has been Ward's soda fertilizers. This is
your paper King personal ridicule of myself and two immense in the
spite of the
indulges in personalities wholly un other writers. It was impossible to drought last first time we have heard of this diffi-

called for, wholly unwarranted by my reply without noticing these points. summer.with the Vineless Every one, as is it well is very pleased pro- less culty purely with cane a local juice one., and it is doubt-'

'. "

Jf -


Potash for Strawberries.I Poultry.Edited POPULAR POULTRY ARM-
have never yet found the limit ,

beyond which potash did not pay.
My first in the liberal by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. APOPKA, FLORIDA.
experiment use ....- ........ _
of it was a purely accidental one. It Turkey Culture. r Opinion of the Press.The .

happened a good many years ago. I
Vice-President of the Florida Association
The raising of turkeys on any farm
had four acres of strawberries' and editor of the South Florida Home,
which in February I intended to within reasonable distance of a good makes the following comments on the exhibitat
apply -
market is a profitable side issue of South Florida Fair:
as a top dressing a mixture of 500 The next in order comes the Popular Poultry
lb. dissolved bone, 250 lb. kainit, and Farming. Turkey culture solves the Farm, Apopka,S. S. DeLanoy, proprietor, with
75 lb. nitrate of soda, per acre. But problem of the wife's or daughter'spin one trio each of Langshans, Indian Games,
money better than any almost any White leghorns and Black Minorcas-and four
by mistake my hired man applied the
kainit other occupation open to them, with a better trios were seldom seen. The Indian
before and his
mixing as sense
Games the best have and
( were we ever seen
smaller outlay and quicker returns. ( iti- .
of proportion was a wild one, the easily won the blue card, as did the White Leg-
Yet the who with
1,000 lb. of kainit intended for four many begin great horns and Minorcas. The Langshans ought to

acres, all went down on exactly halfan expectations, through inexperiencefail _: have had the first,but through an oversight of
acre.I and have not the persistence nec- __ -- I the Judge it was given to a pair that were dis
essary to work out success through I qualified.The .
was pretty sure the plants on that
above, coming from a breeder of experience -
failure. The of this article is
half acre would be destroyed. How- object = _- is worth the attention of all who contem-
furnish few instructions plate the purchase of fowls or
to beginners a eggs.
ever, I mixed the dissolved bone and
Send for
which will them -- stamp catalogue.
,sensibly applied, save
nitrate of soda, and applied it over ,
the whole four acres. Of this, of some mistakes and consequent disap s. s. IIeLAl TOY, PROP.

course, only the half acre had that pointments.It .
has been that the
my experience
year any potash. The previous two THE
best way to start is to buy a trio of
it had had lb. kainit
years 250 per O
good birds of the preferred variety.The $100

acre.Now for the results. Strawberrieswere first expense is greater, but the DANDY BONE CUTTER.
money comes back the first year in the
not very profitable that year, greater number marketed. And it. Sold for the low price of
and the net returns for, the whole
pays to start with good luck. Amongthe TEN DOLLARS f. O. b.
field were $670, or about $170 an .
several varieties I prefer the Mammoth -
acre: ; while the crop on the half acre, Bronze on account of their dis It is strong and well-made, and easy to operate. Has

owing to their.great size, beautiful position to pull down the scales whenit automatic feed.
color and bountiful yield paid at the
comes to fat and sell. The toms of
of The A A. J. ALDRICH, Agent for Florida,
rate $600 an acre. ton of r
this sort when six months old will '
Box 493, Orlando, Florida.
kainit cost me then about $20; now
weigh from eighteen to twenty pounds;
it is The in I
cheaper. yield
the hens from ten to thirteen. A
did not take a separate account of, three-year-old tom often tips the scalesat off." The turkey always retains Probably Potash in America.As .
being content to know the net profit. enough of its wild habits to always
forty five or fifty pounds, but as the potash salts of various kinds occur -
Since then I have been a liberal old birds grow ugly, and as turkeys hatch best when allowed to sit on the in connection with deposits of

user of potash in every form. WhileI deteriorate quicker by inbreedingthan ground, and if turkey eggs are given I common salt,it becomes an interesting

would not recommend a topdressingof any other class of fowls, it is to common hens in nest boxes fill the I question whether America can not finda

kainit at the rate of a ton an acre, not best to keep them beyond this boxes half full of earth and put a little supply within her own domain.

as I then used, I have found that even age. If one's neighbors raise turkeysalso chopped straw on it. Hon. Frank H. Mason, United States

larger quantitities can be used with to choose a distinctively different When the little fellows are hatched consul-general at Frankfort, Germany,

great profit, if thoroughly mixed with breed will be a great aid in separatingthe trouble begins. They are very tender has directed attention to the fact of

the soil before the crop is planted. flocks when they get together, as and require careful looking after until the possibility of finding this important -

Even then, a fresh application of 300 they most surely will if at large, and they are six weeks or two months old. fertilizing material in the strata

lb. an acre the fall before the berries avoiding any disputes over ownership.The Movable coops on sod ground are underlying the salt beds of New York,

ripen, will pay well. White Holland. is good under preferable, and should be surroundedby Michigan, southwestern Virginia and '

Where the land is to be kept for such circumstances. If this cannotbe yards fenced off with boards a foot Utah. A leading geological expert of

some years in berries, and well sup- done there are leg bands sold for high. The coops and yards are to be Europe is of the opinion that the salt

plied with potash and the necessary marking, which are useful but rather changed as the soil becomes foul. The beds referred to should be explored to

quantity of dissolved bone, it will not expensive; or a system of clipping the coops should be roomy and have good the depth of 3,000 feet, if necessary,

run down. It will be better to substI- wing feathers slightly may be adopted, roofs, for the little turks are to be in order that it may be "definitely

tute muriate of potash for part of the though this disqualifies the birds for confined in them during wet weather. known whether or not nature has

kainit-say 600 lb. kainit, 400 lb. mu- exhibition purposes. When they are strong enough to fly stored on the western continent a sup-

riate of potash, 600 lb. dissolved bone Strict watch must be kept on the out of the yards the mother may be ply of potash adequate and fitted to

arid 200 lb. nitrate of soda per acre- hens when they begin to lay, for theyare given her liberty, and allowed to lead complete the trinity and balance the

one-half to be applied broadcast in very secretive, and often wanderto her flock about after the dew is off, nitrates of Chili and the phosphates of

spring before planting, one-fourth in quite a distance to hide their nests. and in dry weather. Young turkeysmust the Florida peninsula."

November, and one-fourth in Febru- The first eggs should be set under not get wet-nothing will thin -

ary following. The last two applica- hens (common fowls), not over nine their ranks so quickly as being out ina Too much moisture in the soil
tions should be each. The hen will from shower or getting drabbled in wet
as a top-dressing over turkey lay causes the oranges not only to drop
the plants. It will do no harm at 13 to 15 eggs, then stop a few days grass. As soon as the common hens but those upon the trees to be soft

those seasons while the plants are dor- and begin again. Let her sit on the show a disposition to discard their and in bad condition for shipping
mant. Never while the leaves are first clutch. The eggs set under hens families it is well to put the broods all hence in the Kingstonand

growing and tender, or their growthwill should be so managed as to hatch at together in charge of the hen turkeys, Holly many Hill groves tract must have better
be checked. about the then mother and that the young may be accus-
same time, one drainage.Halifax Journal.!
The directions I have given are for: will do for two broods or more. tomed to each other they should be

intensive strawberry culture-the only Thirty days being the period of in- cooped near together. Whatever pro-

kind that pays in these days of fierce cubation, hens that are good, faithful vision i is made for housing the young, THE IMP

competition. It is the small, soft ber- sitters are much to be preferred as in- look out for the tom, for he has a way DYEDVICTOR
of killing them that is very unfatherly,
ries, which come of bad cultivationand cubators.If .
insufficient or improper manuringwith possible let the hen turkey sit and particularly exasperating.Remainder __ -- INCUBATOR
Hatches Chickens
which markets are glutted. where she has made her nest, as she [ next week ] t1 --_- Absolutely self.rcsuln.tlng.by Steam.
berries of red does bear removal well. I -- i Tho simplest most reliable.
Large, firm a glowing not generally tar and cheapest flrst-claes Hatcher
On fair Her food be for An which is being exten- logue1 In the market. Circulars tree
color, always bring a profit. must not neglected, orange 4 cents? GEO. AlTUl,&CO., Qulncy, IlL
soil, fertilized as I direct, 5,000 quartsof she is so faithful that she will almost sively shipped at present and bringing

berries, that will command the starve before she will leave her nest about double the ordinary price is the

highest prices, can easily be made.- to seek it. Only one person should Jaffa. The skin is thin and substantial AND NEW CUIDE pic3,to Poultry CATALOGUE Balsen for lS9 .

Country Gentleman. visit her and that person should be there is very little rag, and the Contains over ISO fine illustrations show.
I very quiet and gentle in every movement tree being nearly thornless the fruit is west.ing a photo Gives of best the plan.largest for hennery poultry houses in the
sure remedies and recipes for all diseases,
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder that the hen may become tame specially presentable.-Braidentown also valuable information on the kitchen

World's Fair Highest Award. and easily handled when she "comes Journal.! and Doha: flower Baaicier garden, Jr.,P.sent 0.Bex for 31 only Tieejcrt 10 cento.,HI.THE ..

,, a .

"' ...;.. 1'-







Florida Fruit Exchange. Mandarins, Tangerines and grape all this is done, you fail to tell us Awarded

fruit selling as per prices last quoted. what the box contains ? Highest Honors World's Fed;
To illustrate Florida Fruit Exchange
We firmly believe that the general re- -OR
Semi-Weekly Bulletin. almost daily receives ship-
sults of sales this week will contain
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Dec. IS/94. ments of oranges, lemons, grape fruit
Our issue of December 12th ad- little of real comfort for the growers. and limes, without the sign of a markto

vised lighter shipments, but the ad- EXPORT SALES. show what the boxes contain.
These shipments invariably come
vice seems to have carried very little Sale reported by cable December way-billed as "oranges." Sometimesthe

l weight, as shipments grow heavier 17th, says 9 to n shillings. Average, packages are marked with pencil,

daily. 10 shillings. but generally so illegibly as to he use- CREAMBAllNfi

Prices are very much unsettled, ow- Future dates from Jacksonville, December less, particularly when the packagesare

ing to the miserable condition of the 20th, 23d and 27th. the handled at night, which is often

fruit ,which is .. case.
carrying very badly.It ---
Now, when time will permit, these
is a rare thing to_find a single line Causes of Decay--What is the omissions are corrected here so far as

of fruit in any sale that is absolutely Remedy? marking the boxes to show whether POWDER

sound. We referred on Dec. 8, to the effect contents are oranges or lemons, etc.,

Sales since last report have averaged of atmospheric conditions upon but where it is necessary to make a MOST PERFECT MADE
fruit. There seems to be no favora- close and quick connection with an
1.35, 1.19, 1.35, 1.38, 1.53, ble change as yet in the weather as outgoing train or steamer then the from A I pure Ammonia Grape Cream, Alum of or Tartar any other Powder.adult fttft Mfc

1.35, 1.45. regards shipping conditions. A New shipments are forwarded in original 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.iJoy .
The range being 62 cents to $2.00 York catalogue covering several thou- condition.At .

per box for oranges. sand boxes sold December 14, reports destination the shipments are, of f : '
only one-fourth sound lines out of 252 course, opened for inspection but
sold to
Tangerines 2.30 3.80 per
lots. often
very are wrongly catalogued us'UIthrobbing
box, the average being above 3.00 ; i Boston telegraphic report of 17th, "oranges" when it should read "lem-

mandarins i.io to 3.10 per box; says: Nearly all receipts in bad con ons" or viceversa.The .

grape fruit 2.50 to 4.00 per box. dition. object of this article is to impress -
JACKSONVILLE AUCTION SALE. Philadelphia sale Dec. 13th reportsall upon the growers the fact that it | .

samples show some decay. is just as necessary to mark their !: ;:;
Sale here December
Friday, 14th That it is not owing to the mode of boxes properly as it is to pack prop-
ranged 80 cents for culls to 1.35 for transportation is evident from the fact erly. In fact the omission in marking i:1ife

choice fruit. This sale averaged 1.16 that a good deal of fruit reaches Jacksonville practically destroys the value of the iiii iiii .-...;

per box, and many lots contained de : more or less decayed. careful packing.Every = offered to the chronic 5i
The same report ot decay comes box should tell its own story
cay. Next sale at Jacksonville occurs : invalid would be regarded"with
from Chicago and other western points. and tell it truthfully. Don't let it say
Friday, December 21St. The cause, we believe, lies in the "176" when it only carries 126. Don'tsay' | distrust! Long suffer-

No reports since last. issue from the fruit itself. The fall season with 'Fancy" when the fruit will not Ping leaves the patient

English markets. Future shipping heavy rains and growing condition even class choice brights. i hopeless-he believes no

dates December 16th, 20th and 23d has kept the sap still in motion and Remember that the boxes are = more in cure. Would =
the fruit still immature has not had opened and there are no buyers who any .
from Jacksonville.We such could E
cool weather to check the sap and do not know just as much about or- -r-: that hopeless ones
do not see anything in the pres- toughen the rind. anges as the people who grow them. 5 read the testimonials of B\

ent situation to justify us in advising a Possibly cool currents of air forced :Mark your boxes plainly; stencilsare M eBrown's
Iron Bitters
continuance of shipments. The mar- around and through the fruit while cheap and easy to procure.A .

kets evidently now have more fruit stored in the packing house, or dry, box of fruit properly marked -
hot air might absorb the surplus moist- should show character of contents, S They point a way to r. lief and -j:
than is needed for present demands, S health, and they are genuine jS:
and all
russets etc.
brights, ,
hence we think an improvement can ure.We hope experiments will be madeto means the number of fruit in the box: == For twelve long yecrs I was a great =

be secured only through lighter ship ascertain with certainty the causes ..--- S sufferer from kidney and other troubles, Zl_=
= and at times was confined to my bed. I
ments. of rot and the remedy.We The Handicap of Rot. n tried a number of medicines teiom- =
= mended by sympathizing friends and pre- =
-- have no doubt but that with a
= scribed without receiving
The has buta
cooler atmosphere the.fruit will average orange grower IT: the least benefit. Then I gave Brown' ::;
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Dec. 19, 1894. carry faint idea of the effect decayed oran- = Iron Bitters a trial, and two bottles
better and it is likely that the fruit itself = brought me off my back. Today I am =
issues of the 12th and
Our both
15th have the invest.
when more mature and nearer ripe ges on buyer seeking S well and heaity. W. T.COOK. ;SE :
cautioned the growers to reduce ship- be likely to do better. ment in the golden fruit. t and then this : =
may The experience of a well known :: TEN BROOKE TENN. E
the advice heeded. The
ments not
; was Russet fruit generally keeps better
After undet the of
= being care a pnysicial -
prices for the present week have surely I than bright fruit. There seems to bea fruit dealer in Philadelphia quite recently = for eight years, I commenced taking =
aptly illustrates the chances a = Brown's Iron Bitters with the result =
demonstrated the fact that the markets kind of glaze formed on russet fruit = that I am entirely cured. It is the best =
has to in the purchaseof =
buyer assume = remedy I have ever taken,and 1 certainly
that the and
as usual at this period, had more fruit toughens peel preservesit. showing decay.A = wish that every woman suffering as I uid =
oranges =
Our eastern friends were the first = could know its value.MRS.
than could be sold at paying prices. to recognize this quality of the russet car load of 300 boxes was placedon = ROSA REECER. S
sale. This fruit was shipped from | Does the above knock =
We must, for the third time, again orange and will generally pay as muchif
p advise the orange growers that the not more for the russet than for one of the largest groves in the State. |: at your door ? =
Samples all showed more or less rot.
bright fruit. :: The Genuine has the Crossed E
condition of markets
present can only, The sale realized $1.35 to $1.45 _
A 7A large quantity of decayed fruit per Red Lines on the wrapper. :
be improved by a reduction of the sup- = BROWN CHEMICAL Co.. Baltimore.Md j:
demoralizes the market box.The
necessarily fruit of course had to be repacked IimmmHimJIimmillllllllllimimilEcommission I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 J I I I
;and reduces
ply.The averages. the before he
by purchaser
fruit continues arriving with .. .
could dispose of it. The shrinkageby men for private sale the
more or less decay; this, of course, Proper Stenciling.The decay, cost of repacking, etc., etc., fruit, if decaying, will be repacked,
has a decisive effect on prices, but if proper marking or stencilingof brought the actual cost of that portionof and thus realize its full market value.

the quantity was not so enormous we orange boxes is one of the essential the fruit remaining up to $2.10 per But how about the shrinkage by decay -

know that, notwithstanding the decay, features of a grower's and shipper's box. In other words, it cost this : and the cost of repacking [no hon-

results would be better. duties.In buyer from 65 to 75 cents per box to est commission man can afford to
spite of all that has been said make his purchase sound. repack fruit free of charge]? Deduct
Receipts at New York !last week and written on this subject in the Hundreds of similar cases occur this loss from the net results and in

aggregated 70,300 boxes. Arrivals at past, strange to say, there is stilla every year, and the question here nine cases out of ten the figures will

other points were proportionatelyheavy. good sprinkling of orange growers arises: Does it not 'pay the grower prove out a verdict in favor of the

I who are very lax in their methodsof best to have his fruit ,sold at. open sale by auction. The most responsible -

Prices representing by a proper markingthe auction immediately on its reaching fruit dealers tell us that perishable
ranged cents to
5 $2.05 per contents of their packages. market? products should be sold promptly;

box, with averages generally under Why go to the trouble to sort, size Some growers advance the argument hence it is the opinion of all practical,

$1.50 per box. and neatly pack your fruit, if, when that by sending their fruit to thinking people, growers and sellers

t."t /"
< ." .


... .

! .,- -'; ,


alike, that the sooner our fruit reaches Latest market quotations for potatoesin THE

the consumer the better for all con- New York were 1.90 to 2.00 for


Jersey sweets continue to sell at ,

Suggestions on Marketing Fruit.I higher figures than either Virginia or JACI SONVILLE.

see the burden of its longings is stock from southern Illinois, with 3.00 The Oldest National Bank in the State.This .
for some way to help out the fruit per barrel about an outside price and
Bank after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special exami-
growers, and I must say the growers only fancy stock will command this. nation by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
and ranchers in this State are indebtedto Desirable lots are perhaps a shade other period of twenty years
By conservative,yeT.liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
you for your exertions in their be- steadier than a fortnight ago, thoughthe strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
will ultimately -
half and Lsincerely hope market scarcely be said to
you can favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
be successful in solving this show any appreciable advance. Some JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
vexing problem to the satisfaction of western points are marketing moderate President. Cashier.

both grower and consumer.I quantities of kiln-dried which sell Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.JOHN .
am beginning to fear the growers Fairly well. i

i will have to take the matter solely into A few cars of white potatoes from L. MARVIN,

their own hands and not depend on Montana are moving as far east as the President.H. .
commission and middle men's ser- Mississippi river region, and owing to T. BAYA Cashier., Assistant Cashier.

F vices. If the sales! of these men to the the: choice quality command figures CflPlTflli $100,000.

consumers were only in proportion to higher than lots from the older States.

the prices paid to the growers it would Shipments to the West Indies from THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

not be so bad; but their object seems Atlantic ports are less than usual up ,

to be to get the fruit for as little as to the present time, owing in part to JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
possible and to sell it for the highest the fact that exporters are shipping .
price. Of course, we will be told that direct from Nova Scotia and P. E. Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections Qnd Geneva

-r1 this is "business;" and so it is their I Island. Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .

1 business, evidently, but not ours;, thatis At Chicago, holders find it rather INVITED.
the fruit growers' business. I think difficult to make sales, the demand
before the grower! get ample justice being light. Northwestern Burbanks DIR1 ( '1 ORS$

done them they must go one better 45 to 52c per bu, N. Y. 52 to 58c, John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. Judge Chas. Marvin R. B. Archibald,
T. W. Roby,
and establish houses of their own in northwestern and Michigan Hebrons Judge H. T. Baya E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers. W. M. Davidson,

the different large business centers of 40 to 5oc, Rose 45 to 5oc, Peerless Or' H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.
j the East-a kind of a California house 45 to 5oc, Empire States 45 to 52C,

I. -where our fruit can be shipped direct white stock, eastern 50 to 58c, Mont. TRUST BANK
from here, and from there sold to 55 to 65c, Mich. 45 to 52C, mixed 45 .SAVINGS
the consumer without going through to 5oc, N. J. sweets 2.00 to 2.75 per .
I other hands.-Cal. Fruit Grower. bbl, Ill. i.oo to 1.75, Va. i.oo to 011' E'LORIDA,
From this and numerous other articles JACKSONVILLE.

( of similar import, one infers that 1.25.At New York, demand slow and CAPITAL, $50,000.

I that the milenium has not a.me yet to tone weak; sweets steady for choice. H. ROBINSON, President. W.J. HARKI8HEIMEK,Vlce-Pres.
,' the California fruit growiers. The commission Scotch 2.00 per i68-lb sk, German TVM BAWMNSON, Cashier,

plan certainly has not satisfied 1.50 to 2.00, Me. Hebron 1.75 per

I them. The Florida Fruit Exchangeseeks bbl, L. I. Rose 1.75, N. J. i.oo to DIRECTORS :

to establish in every market a 1.50, N. Y. 1.37 to 1.62 per i8o-lbs, H. ROBINSON J.HILDEBRANDT, P.E. McMURRAY, ,

Florido house to sell Florida fruits, Mich. 1.50 to 1.75, N. J. sweets i.ooto W.A.J.HENDERSON HARKISHEIMER, C.PHILIP C. ROBERTSON WALTER,, W.R. H.OWEN.LIGGETT,
and to be the only seller of some in 3.00 per bbl, Va. yellow 75c to J.
words Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day Pay-
In other to
anyone Interest Paid on
ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited.
create a monopoly in favor of the pro i.oo.At Chicago, quiet but choice stock Savings.

ducer. sells at full prices. Brussels sprouts

20 to 25c per qt. cauliflower, home-
i Potatoes and Vegetables. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
grown 75c to 1.25 per dz. carrots 75c
A duty of 15 cents per bushel does per bbl.,cabbage 4.00 to 5.00 per 100, .

, not serve to keep out Canada potatoesand 7.00 to 10.00 per ton, celery 8 to Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
there has been a larger move- 1754C per dz. cucumbers 75c, Fla., best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL$300.000.) )
ment of such while European stock bx. plant to BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
to 1.50
2.00 egg
2.50 per
order. Write for price list. and terms.
continues in only small supply. The 1.65 per dz. horse radish 2.50 to 3.00 -a, -:OFFICERS :-
has hurt the market dur- President. D. GREENLEAF Vice-President.
competition bbl. kale bbl. home- GEO. R.FAIRBANKS
per 500 per ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l Mgr.and Treas. :M. P. TURNER Secretary.
ing the last week. The maritime lettuce 20 to 250 per dz. La DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks,Alachua Co.; E.G.Hill, Bradford i o.: Dr. E. E.Pratt
grown Lake Co. Crutchor,Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
heavily to Co. John Fabyan : Hy
have shipped Hillsboro ;
provinces endive to bbl. leeks i5c Marion Co. C.V.Hillyer,
2.50 3.00 per J. D. :Mead- Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co..F. G. Sampson ;
-such eastern points as Boston, includ- per dz. beets 50 to 6oc, parsnips 75c Mario ...Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. Moreman St.
C. F. A. Bielby,Volusia Co.;Irving Keck Polk Co.
bushels Chenan- Johns ;
ing nearly 100,000 to i.oo per bbl. spinach 75c. Hub- Address:all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville,Fla Stencils,
/ goes of fairly good quality, though. bard squash 10.00 per ton, 75c per with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.

saleable only at a discount of 4 to 7 dz. marrow 75c, Fla., tomatoes 4.00per

cents from the price of best Rose and cra. Cal. 2.50, white turnips 5oc JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,
Hebrons. While no more active, the
to 1.00 per bbl. rutabagas 20 to 25C
offerings at western points of distribu- bu.
per Commission Merchants
' tion are less burdensome and prices at At New York, local vegetables in Grocers ,

northern markets a shade higher than fair demand, Southern Firm and high.

in the far east so far as best stock is Domestic cabbage, 2 to 4 per 100; DEALERS IN

concerned. The market averages Danish, 4 to 5; washed carrots 75C Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, ..

nearly steady, and while not particu- per barrel; unwashed, 50 to 6oc; cauli- Tobacco Etc. ."
larly active sound stock is held with flower, 1.25 to 2.25; Michigan celery, Cigars, ,

a fair degree of firmness outside the 25 to 50 per dozen; New York and Jackson.illeE'1orida.PRICELIST: .

eastern seaboard cities. Western, 5 to 20C;; Florida cucumbers,

Potato exporters living in Scotland 1.50 to 3.00 per crate; egg plant, 2.00 OF WHISKIES:

claim they can not profitably ship to to 6.00 barrel; kale, 50 to 6oc; let- ............. ..
per ... 16 oo
................... CABINET BOURBON.
America if the tubers sell below 2.00 tuce, 1.50 to 2.00; Louisiana, 7.00 to PARKER MANONGAHELA.........RYE.............. ...........$i t 50 75 J.MARTIN RYE............................. 300VIRGINIA
of 168 Thev some- ........................ GLADES.......................... 4 00
pounds. 2 00
per bag 8.00; radishes, 1.2510 1.50 per 100; ORANGE SPRING VALLEV........ ................. 2 so OLD BOURBON................... ..... 5 00
times as high as 16.25 per short to marrow ......... .............. KENTUCKY SOUR MASH................. 500
pay spinach, 1.50 2.00; 75c; BALTIMORE CORN 2 00
CORN.. ............. OLD BAKER........ ...................... 5 oo
ton, approximating 12 bags at an av- Hubbard, 1.25; turnips, 75 to 85c; NORTH CLIFTON CAROLINA CLUB......., ...... ............. 300 250 MONTROSE VELVET RYE.................. 6 oo
erage cost of 1.36. Add to this the Florida string beans, 2.00 to 4.00 per Remit by post-office
three gallon 7sc.
two gallon ;
JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 25C; sac
cost of bagging and transportationfrom crate.-Am. Agriculturist. money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O.D. Remit with order.A .
Glasgow to New York and the *-*-. complete price-list of Groceries,and Wine List,sent free on application.

total is brought up to about 1.85 not Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.

including cartage, brakerage, etc. World's Fair,Highest Medal and Diploma.

.. .
t ,- "-., -
' J '1 .

L ._' "._"' ,, .,'z,.!......r;.. .T.. _:_ ;. ...._ .,.-. __" _,..,,,,*:.u _....A-'_" .', ,.r > r... ,_ :!I. :: ,




RLOIUQ.A' finger, like filliping a fly off the fore- Meeting of the American Pomo I[ do not consider it fair to use the exceptional -

irGROWE head, makes a bargain involving hun- logical Society. instance where men have

AR R R dreds, sometimes thousands, of dol- President P. J. Berckmans, of Au- made two hundred and fifty dollars -

lars.Nor gusta, sends us the following: The per acre or even as high as

TERMS OJT SUBSCRIPTIONFor do these lightning bidders make Twenty-fourth Biennial Session of the four hundred and fifty. I believe

One Year ...............................82.00 mistakes-at least not one time in a American Pomological Society will beheld fifty dollars acre is a good safe
For Six Months........................ ..... z.oo hundred. know what per ,
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 They absolutely at Sacramento, California, January and careful estimate, and well within -
:Subscriptions in all cases cash in they are about, for they have in- 16, 17 and 18, 1895, in acceptanceof the bounds of truth, and is good

advance. No discount allowed on one's spected the articles beforehand.The an invitation from the California enough for any farmer in any coun-

own subscription(except in a club), but to New York Herald December State Board of Horticulture.It try. Another thing, those longest in
all agents a liberal cash commission will
ii four columns of auction
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby may readily be seen that a rare it as a rule, extend their planting
them. Write for terms. advertisements, among which we treat is in store and awaiting the ar- from year to year-another good sign

To every new subscriber we will send, find 500 choice building lots at Pali- rival of the members of this society and that all the stuff poured out on Florida -

postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- sades Park, five-story brownstone their (friends who accompany them,and sand brings back something more
ing in Florida." For two new sub- fronts on Madison etc. I
avenue, $50- that
than it
a rare opportunity will be affordedto cost.
scribers, at $2.00 each will send
we to
ooo $75,000 worth of
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange property to become acquainted with the remark Mr. Joyce has ten acres in egg
be knocked down
Culture." perhaps in less than able resources of the Pacific coast region plant that conservative men say will

Rates of advertising on application. two minutes.In ; its varied productions of all classesof pay him a thousand dollars per acre,
Remittances should be made by check, the New York Journal of Com-
fruits and its
grand scenery, both net a profit of eight or nine
postal note money order or registered merce of the same date there are near- natural and
letter to order of three artificial, having no equalin l hundred.-Bartow C.-I. :
columns of
I advertisements of other section
of the continent.As
the same sort. True, many of theseare \
Jacksonville Fla. to the accommodation and enter- The Marketing of Pineapples.
sheriffs' and receivers' sales, but tainment that will be provided "it

NOTICE there are plenty of them which adver- 'without saying," and has become, goes We noticed last week an advertis-

.. tise brand-new goods of many kinds, verbial, "Californians have no pro" ment in the Savannah News which
If receive and all the equals, stated that certain dealer in that
you a copy of this products that grow under and it seems to be their pride to wel a

paper which you did not order, the sun-not bankrupt affairs at all, come all visitors with such unlimited city was offering so called Indian

consider it an invitation to sub- but regular sales, day by day and week courtesy and attention as have made river pineapples at the rate of four for ;

scribe. If you do not want it, by week, held by the owners of the them noted the world over. twenty-five cents.

kindly hand it to a neighbor. property themselves, as the best and .... This is an imposition on the fruitwe
rapidest means of disposing of the riv- -- ----- raise here, for we don't believe

CONTENTS. ers and oceans of goods which wash Tomatoes Pay. that genuine Indian river pines are

GRovE AND ORCHARD--The Kaki (Illustrated through that phenomenal city. Tomatoes pay-reasons for sayirig sold in Savannah at any such price

Oranges)...;..Another..........Illusion... ...Dispelled... .........-. 804 803 We quote a few in the line of dry so-men who grow them have new even during the hight of the pineapple

THE PINERY-Pineapple Culture-Some Puz- goods: dozen Japanese silk hand- wagons, buggies, good horses and shipping season, much less now when
zles ........ ........ ....... .......805 2,000 barns with of command better
The Last Word.............................. 806 kerchiefs 3,128 ladies' cloaks, 447 seal plenty good, new freshpaint. f they prices and the
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Strawberries; Salt skin cloaks The fellow with the biggest growers, who are fortunate enough to
in the Cane Juice........ ................ 806 981 pairs sealskin gloves,
Potash for Strawberries.... ............... 807 300 woolen blankets, 400 lots of clothing tomato patch usually is the one who have them to ship now, are realizing
POULTRY-Turkey Culture.................... 807 has the most fresh paint, the wives handsome returns.
Potash in America........ .... ...... 807: 700 pieces of clothing and cloak
FRUIT EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT-Bulletins; ing woolens, French-trimmed felt hats, and babies are well-clothed and fed, The above fact should impress

Suggestions Proper Stencilling on Marketing; The Handicap Potatoes of Rot and; 808 ostrich plumes, watches, etc. the man has good implements andis upon our people the necessity of protecting

Vegetables........... ;........ ....809 There are three regular weekly auc- at the depot wanting to know"where's our Indian river pineapples, ,,

EDITORIAL of American-The Pomological Modern Auction Society; Meeting; Toma- tion sales of boots and shoes. One that fertilizer?" and there'sa as well as oranges, from being imposed

toes Pay; Marketing of Pines; Grading; auction snap and a whang to the he upon by parties who are
offers, for that about way unscrupu-
Close Planting .... ........ .... 810 day 150
Markets; Jacksonville; Fruit Auction Co.... 811 shares of railway, bank and coal stock asks the question that means "I am lous enough to palm off inferior fruit

Business Farmers Notices; California: Cash Markets Prices for...Southern......... 812 mostly $100 a share ; another offers losing money every minute I do with as being grown on Indian river.-.
Shipping Fruit in Carbonic Acid Gas; Uni- them every Wednesday. out it" and the agent is told to hustle Titusville Star.
on of New York Fruit Dealers: Misun- her it here .
derstood; Change in an Orange Grove... 813 There are six regular auction sales up, get quick. Men are
OUR RURAL HOME-Symphony in Blue and not in a great rush to get the material 1 Close Planting.
Gold Christmastide .. of produce in which find.
; ; Christmas Gifts., 814 we amoncrothers
to a losing business with. Close planting in the Halifax coun-
7,926 boxes of Italian and .
Florida fruit of Plant, Flagler and a dozen or more try is largely for protection, where it "
Weather in 156 cases Havana
Jacksonville. and Sumatra tobacco, 1;,802 boxes of the head officials stopped their special I is practiced, and has grown in favor

a a H ci bO qDATE. lemons, 100 barrels and 160 cases train Wednesday night at Florence since the disastrous freezes of 1890-91- .

as a as oS tiDO oaf Italian chestnuts boxes Flori- got off and spent some time 92. The critical age in orange grow-
-DO -:a =s da and looking the ground over. Plant is i ing is during the early years of the
Dee. ......... oranges tangerines, 3,900 boxes not the that
66 man found from
71 79 the time of
13 72 0.00 hovering grove, planting until
Dec. 12. ........68 68 80 66 and cases of raisins 100 boxes of
Dee. 13.........60 58 70 58 14 I2 73 64 0.24 0.00 macaroni and vermicelli Texas around a failure. He knows that i it they arrive at an age where the branches -
....... 2,500
Dec. 14. .46 55 65 44 21 54 0.00 pays him, and he knows that if i it of the trees become
Dec. IS.... .....52 58 68 48 20 58 wool sheep skins, 2,240 chests and a protection tot
Dee. 16 .....58 63 75 52 23 64 0.00 half chests of barrels don't pay the other fellow that i the body, and it has been found that
Dec. 17....... ... 62 tea, 1,800 of Al-
.57 74 55 b4. will be
19 0.00 not long before it won't planting closely will afford this
meria pay
boxes pro-
grapes, 100 persim-
Mean .58 62 73 56 tection in
64 0.24
17 him.How a measure, several
mons of years
cases milk
53 evaporated
Total rainfall. T. Trace.E. ,
much does it than
R. DE etc. payV ell, let sooner, where trees are plantedat
iN, Observer.
---- .. Now it is idle and absurb to com- see what. it costs.. I think- it is safe wide distances.; '-Halifax Journal. .

The Modern Auction. pare all these hundreds of sales, in- to estimate that wnen the seed is m -S.-.*
the ground it has cost fifteen
The auction is the inevitable out- volving the most delicate goods, jew- dollars Grading.If .
acre. It is also safe
per to
growth of modern commercial life. In elry, ladies' wear, etc., with a sheriffs when it is into say that you expect to get top prices for
ready the
primitive ages two barbarians could sit sale conducted on a dry goods box I has close go car it your fruit, you must exercise all the
cost to another fifteen
down and spend half a day higgling amid a crowd of boors and roughs. dollars I care possible in grading. It will pay
acre-that is
barter This is semi barbarism per thirty dollars fora you better to throw all
over a of a few cowrie shells ; the other is thorned and
for a saddle of venison. But businessmen modern commercial life. crates, which I think is scratched fruit into the grove, as you
safe then the
of-these: days must buy or sell in If the growers wish to pour 59,000 makes; the crate twenty crates, will then receive a small return in the

a few minutes, and then go their ways. boxes of oranges per week into the o. b. at cost Winter fifty Haven.cents per cratef. shape of fertilizer, but if you ship it or

The auctions of Australian and maelstrom of New York there is absolutely another Freight mix it with good fruit, your returns

South American wool in London and I no better way to dispose of crate is fifty the cents, and one dollar per will be anything but satisfactory. The
cost the
the most of them than at consumer'shand. buyer judges a line of fruit
Antwerp amount to millions of money by the auction. Now by the ,
every season. .. .. an average sale of $1.50 poorest of each grade and pays ac-
per crate will leave fifty dollars y
Vast properties in our chief cities Plant per cordingly.Dr. .
City people may be truly acre as net profits or a thousand dol- .
lands, houses, diamonds stocks and called The
busy. packing houses lars for
bonds every twenty acres. That 1 I C. F. McKhann, immigrationagent
great steamer of fruit all business this week I I
cargoes and the outcry am not far out of the I
off in the way, can cite of the F. C. & P. R. R., was in
go day auction
every been
like lightning. A mere nod-so room number that(notwithstanding has the large you lands that rent for ten dollars the city Friday.. He was in charge of ;
come and gone in per acre Men don't the advance
that none but per year. pay guard of about 600 people
a practiced auctioneer search of work for
) more orange packers that rental for that lose
crops from the Northwest who
could notice it the are en i
seated in the among hundreds carpenters and laborers.TampaTribune. year after year. I have not heard of route to Punta Gorda to settle.-Or- :.
room; motion of the
; .
a single man that has lost money but lando Reporter.

.;. ... t

.- _. -.1'.".


IJ I "


f fiarkets. tion to stop shipping until, say, January1st. -

- Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co. E.SEWARD

) --- THOS. R. TOWNS, President. J. & Co.

i'i JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Dec. 21. -
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. New York, Dec. 18.-Fancy bright .

) Corrected by Marx Bros. oranges, 1.62 to 1.75 per box; bright

These are average quotations. Extra choice average lines, 1.50 to 1.62,; russets,prime, BALTIMORE, MD.
t; lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor 1.37 to 1.50; poor to fair, 75c to 1.37.

i i lots Oranges sell lower., fancy ................... 1.50 Grape-fruit, 1.75 to 3.00 per box. Tan-
t II choice........ ... .......... 1.25 gerines, 2.50 to 3.25. Cucumbers, 1.00 to
drops.......................... 1.00 2.50 per crate. Egg-plant, 2.00 to 5.00 WHOLESALE DEALERS IN FRUITS.
Grapefruit ............................2.50103.00
Tangerines.............................. 3.00 per barrel. Pines, 1.00 to 2.00 per crate.
Mandarins.................. ......... 2.00
LemonsFla., .. .... ............ i.oo Philadelphia,Dec. 15.-0ranges-Choice We respectfully solicit consignments of fruits of all kinds. Information furnished
Messina............. ...... on any of
? 3.00 to desirable sizes our by wire. Advances made. Account sales and check forwarded
1.75 to 2.25 do.
,Pineapples, crate,. .... .....:......,.2.0010250 fancy, ; same day as sale.
Limes.s-peckcrates .. ... .......... 1.00 large sizes, 1.40 to 1.65; russets, as to
Cocoanuts... .......... ............. 4.00 size and quality, 1.25 to 1.75; ordinary -BRANCH HOUSES :-
Peanuts,best brand..... .... ......... 0410.05 fruit and that out of order withina
; Guavas,3-peck box ................... 1.00 selling
t Japan Persimmons, crate...... ...... 50 to i.oo range of 1.00 to 1.50. Lemons, choiceto New Address York all City. Philadelphia, Pa., Pittsburg, Pa., Buffalo, N. Y., Montreal, Que., Toronto,
.' Grapes. Catawba, 5 baskets.... ... .20 fancy bright, well packed, 2.50 to 3.50; Ont. communications to us at Jacksonville, Fla.
r Northern cabbage,each .............. .09 ordinary and russet 75c to 1.50.
apples, bbl.t................ 3.00103.50 Grape
i beets, bbl.................. 2.50 fruit, choice to fancy bright, running 44 H. SEWARD & CO.
'" Potatoes, bbl....... ................... 2.40 to 62 size, 3.75 to 4.00; smaller sizes and .-
..I 44 sack. ...................,..... 2.00 russets, 3.00 to 3.50. Tangerines box
i 14 Early Rose, seed. ....... : 2.50 ,
41 Hebron seed.................. 2.50 3.00 to 4.00; Mandarins\ box, 1.50 to 2.25; ESTABLISHED 1869. .
Onions, bbl .. .. ...... ...... ". ..... 2.25 Satsumasbox, 2.00 to 3.00. String beans,
Eggs......... ..-............... ...... .23 box or basket, 2.00 to 2.50. Cucumbers, 16 READE ST,,

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. box, 1.00 to 2.50. Egg plants, bbl., 3.00 PALMER & FROST NEW YORK.
I Corrected by Davis & Robinson. to 6.00; orange boxes, 1.50 to 3.00. To- ,

I Yellow Yams, bush. ........ ......... .50 matoes, ripe, carrier, 2.00 to 3.00. Let- Successors to
Sweet Potatoes..... .................. 35 to.40 tuce basket 2.50 to 3.50. ( G. S. PALMER, and PALMER, RIVENBURG & Co.)
Hubbard squash, bbl... ........ ...... 2.00 ,
t Lettuce, doz.,.. ...................... .20 REDFIELD & SON. PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Celery, Kalamazoo.............? .: .40 to..5oi
i Egg Plants, bbl...............,....... 3.00 St. Louis Dec. 17.-Oranges-Demand
Tomatoes, crates ..... ............... 2.50 Southern Fruits and a
Sweet Pepper, bu ...... ............. 2.00 very good and supplies light. Florida, Vegetables -
Okra, bu, none..... ... ............. 1.50 to 2.00; small sizes, 2.00 to 2.25; Mexican \ Specialty.Remember
Cowpeas,shelled,peck.. ............. .50 2.50. .
Green Beans, crate.... ..... .... ,
44 Peas, ............... ....... 2.00 Lemons-Messina and Palermo, 3.00 to ; in with we never buy a package. Thus any shipments you entrust to our care, never come
1 Turnips, bunch.................. .. .. .03 to .06 3.50 per box.PotatoesDull. I competition bought goods. Account sales made day of sale.
;. Cucumbers, crate.... ................1.50 to 2.00 and weak demand REFERENCES: See our quotations bjwire in this paper.
r t Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .15 ; I Chatham Nat. Bank, N. Y. Mercantile Agencies. Write for Stencils.
I Kershaws, each........... ......... loto .15 very small. Eastern Burbank quotable at
Parsley,per doz. bunches ............ .25 to .35 55c to 58c; Northern stock, 40c to 45c for Members of National league of Commission Merchants, to which no irresponsible house can belong.
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ .25 to.30 mixed and inferior; 50c to 52c for choice
; 300 Acres in One Acre Under Glass. Year.
Nursery. Thirty-Seventh
r Green onions, per doz. bunches....... .20
Pepper,hot, bushel, .................. 1.00 home-grown, 35c to 45c; on orders, lOc
.; Sage, well cured, Ib..................... .10 to.15 per bushel more than foregoing pricesare SPECIALTIES :
Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none ........ charged.
Hens........ 4O......................... .35 FRU I IT TREES Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries.?
Roosters........................... .25 to .30 Cucumbers-New Florida, 2.50 per Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,
I, Broilers..................... ...: .1810.25 crate. Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat, etc? etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camel-
Turkeys, per pound,gross............ .11 Tomatoes-Southern sold at 2.00 to lias.Azaleas, 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The
Ducks..................... ........... .30 to .35 Green House Department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-
} Geese................................... .40 to .50 2.50 per 4-bushel basket crate. alogues free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.
Quail, doz..... ................. 1.20 The weather so far has been especially No Agents.
r Wild ducks, doz .......................... 2.00 to 3.00 favorable to the fruit trade, and has been
Wild turkeys, each.......... ........... 1.00 to 1.50 in
Cauliflower, doz....... ........... .... 2.00 largely responsible for the boom apples OHUL
and oranges. Oranges fairly boomed all IRq.En
the week because offerings and receipts ,
Jacksonville Fruit Auction Com-
proved surprisingly small for this stageof 159 South Water St.. Chicago- ,
pany. the season, while the demand ,vas far .
Fruit Auctioneers. Office on Viaduct. in excess of any week this year. The FRU-- JTS' -- DEALERS :ii FRUITS.We .

:Monday, Dec. 10.-At our sale todaywe dealers and principal jobbers were poorly respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables:
to the advance fol
prepared profit by big
offered 1250 boxes of oranges, for We are now making a specialty of .
to 50c box. Still
lowing-40c per quite a
which received the
we following prices; number of cars came, and the sales made ORANGES
Fancies 1.35 to 1.90 brights 1.15 to 1.35.
; disclosed a handsome profit for the for ,
russets 1.00 to 1,15 fruit 1.00 to
; grape ,
tunate receivers. However the Christ-
and invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.
2.35; tangerines, 1.75 to 2.30; mandarins,
order trade which in
mas was a measure
1.00 to 1.75 lemons 75c to T.50.

JACKSONVILLE; FRUIT, AUCTION Co., last responsible long enough for the to consume big demand the,liberal won't We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.

TJIOS. R. TOWNS President.
offerings now evidently en route.P. References, by permission-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York

M.\ KIELY. the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co
Wednesday, Dec. 12-At our sale to- 4
day nothing strictly fancy was offered. MEDICAL BOOKS FREE.
Fancy, 1.30 to 1.50; brighte, 1,15 to 1.35; Personal. I A ya/fe v&fe feOranges /*/* */*/*'*

russets, 1.00 to 1.25; tangerines. 1.75.to. Valuable Information for the In- Mr. A.W. Frost, of Palmer & Frost, N.I *

2.25; grape fruit, 1.50 .... ; valid or Student. Y., called at our office on his way to the :

; 75c to 1.50; navels, 2.00 to 3.00. Any one or more of the following described South to spend the greater part of the Buying for self is against selling on commission i
JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION Co., will : for growers; for a buyer has a cer-
i books be sent free by The winter in Florida in the interest of his tain interest to get his in best places,letting
Thos. R. Towns, Pres. Pe-ru-na Drug Manufacturing\ Companyof house. sl ppers' come second.

Columbus, Ohio, to any man or woman >-.-< We nerer buy Southern fruits nor vegetables -
go shippers' interests are first Withue.
Friday, Dec. 14.-To-day choice bright of family in the United States, Canada Potash is the chief fertilizer to be And; we tliiiik our 40 years' experience
fruit sold from 1.30 to 1.50; brights, 1.10 and Mexico during December and in produce without defaulting a dollar, is a
to fruit trees particularly after 4 guarantee that use can sell stuff and the ,
applied pay
1.00 1.30 ,
to 1.30 russets to fruit
; ; grape January. Orders should be sent in early, \owner for it. WE REFER TO ANY BANK
1.50 to 2.50; tangerines, 2.00; mandarins, as the issue may be exhausted. they come into bearing. OR MERCHANT HAVING MERCAN-
1.50 navels 1.50 to 2.50. TILE REPORTS ; OR TO THE NINTH
1.20 to
; 1. The Ills of Life-Fourth Edition.A .- NATIONAL BANK HERE.
JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION Co., short, plain description of all diseases, Our little book on marketing Fruit and i
Thos. R. Towns Pres. Bradley Redfleld. Eugene B. Redfleld. Vegetables free to any address. Shipments
and the treatment for each. A complete wanted. Stencils free. letters promptly I
; home guide to health. ESTABLISHED 1871. answered.

Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 17.-At our 2. Family Physician No. 2-Second French & Co.
sale to-day we offered 2,000 boxes of Edition.-The best popular book on the REDFIELD & SON, : ,

oranges. For the first time since we be- prevention and treatment of catarrh and 116 Warren St., New York. ,

gan selling all our receipts here has the other diseases of cold weather in print. Commission r MerchantsAND
market been so sluggish as at today'ssale. 3. The Pe-ru-na Almanac. -This Almanac !

We consider our market now just contains, besides the regular WITH STANLEY'S
about on a par with outside markets. monthly calendar, a Jewish calendar; HANG Corrugated Steel illngea.
have had the information of value farm- They are Stronger,Handsomer
For the past ten days we particular to and cost no more than the old
best market in the United States. Noth- ers, mechanics and business men; tables, Fruit Auctioneers YOURDOOR style. For sale by Hardware
ing but strictly choice lines of fruit intoday's statistics, eclipses, and much valuable Dealers generally, but If not in
that will medical information. A of this Al- your vicinity write the Manu
sale brought any prices copy facturers. Send for"Biography
pay the grower. Best brights, 1.40; russets manac should be in every family in the 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, I (r. o*a Yankee Hinge"maileafree.

1.00 to 1.10; Tangerines, 1.50 to 2.15; United States. It is one of the most com-
Mandarins lemons Almanacs Address We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
75c to 1.25. Fancy plete ever published.
either at private sale (which has heretofore been
The Pe-ru-na Drug Manufacturing\ Com- by the auction (
1.50.We our custom) or system recently
would advise all .who are in posi- pany, Columbus, Ohio added to our business) as you may desire. THE STANLEY WORKS, New BritainCt. -



\ "



Business Notices.J. .. Every

H. SEWARD & Co.-The new card of A WORLD ALMANAC FREE. Person r F C. P

this company will doubtless not escape sending to
the attention of our readers. It is a this office a new yearly subscriber to the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER

house doing business. seven large cities, accompanied by the subscription price, will be presented with a copy of \
in all of which except two its shipmentsare THE WORLD ALMANAC for 1895. Ask your friends and neighbors to

sold at auction (unless the shipper subscribe. The almanac may be had at the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER -

requests private sale) in establishmentsowned office for 25 cents. ,.3 w.

by itself. Needless to say this %. iLINCi
house does a very large and satisfactory J

business.E. .
TI3E: : ] :7 #
BEAN.-This enterprising advertiser
appears in his accustomed place in our
columns with double the usual amount of

space. This is the right way to meet \TOl\fiD@IfiAlINlIC) Shortest Quickest Most AttraotiveROUTE
hard times-aggressively and with an in- ,

crease of business, the several lines of

which now cover nearly aL the cultural
wants of the fruit and vegetable grower. AND IHGTOLOPIDIA FOR 1895. BETWEEN
PAINE FERTILIZER Co.-Attention is j

called to the new advertisement of The The Best Reference Book Printed. THE

Paine Fertilizer Company, occupying its Florida Central and Peninsular]
familiar place on the back of the outside A Volume of over 500 pagesIt

cover. They have, "at the earnest re- Treats 1,400 topics NEW THROUGH ROUTES.New .
quest of many of their customers," de- York to Jacksonville by
cided to again supply the patrons of their e New Florida Pennsylvania B. It. to Washington -
fertilizers with the Ground Stock Food Endorsed by STATESMEN, Northern and 1 Southern Railway to
Columbia, Florida Central &
they sold several years ago. EDUCATORS and Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal

PALMER & FROST.-This house was es- J points in Florida

tablished by Mr. G. S. Palmer 25 years STUDENTS everywhere. Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Queen & Crescent to Chatta
ago, and amid all its changes it has re- and nooga. Southern B'y to Ever-
mained one of the most popular and trust- Has Reached Such a State of Per- Florida)ette, Florida Central & Penin-

worthy establishments in New York. fection That it is a Veritable Limited. points.sular to all important Florida

They will furnish us with telegraphic
market Encyclopedia of Facts, Statis- Kansas: City Kansas City. Fort Scott &
reports. and Memphis B.B.to JansasCitr.,
and Events Brought Downto }to Birmingham,
BREED WEEDER Co.The Breed Uni- JacksonvilleThro By
January First to Everette, Fla. Central &
versal 1895. Line
Weeder is an implement very high- Peninsular to all Fla. points.

ly spoken of by many of the most pro- 1895 volume is whole 1 St. Louis to Jacksonville by
gressive farmers of the North and by several THE a library Cairo Short Line to Du Quoin,
of our Florida subscribers. It is said itself. One can hardly think Holly Sp'gs ,I"Illinois Central to Holly Sp'gs,
Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham -
to comb the weeds out of a hill of corn i ia in of it I to Birmingham,Sou.
a question cannot answer. It tells J
manner almost equal to hand-pulling. G BI 10 J B'y to Everette and F. C.&P.
all about party platforms, election sta- 1 Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -

- Cash Prizes for Southern Farmers.An tistics, the new tariff; religions of the Holly lloute.New Sp'gs. Sp'gs, K.,Ill.C. M.Cent.& B.to to Holly Birmingham -
) Sou. B'y to Ever-
increasing number of farmers in our earth, population everywhere, state and ette and the F. C. &P.

Southern States are making a comfortable government statistics, occupations of Louis'ille &Nash'ille to RIver
success of their business by raising Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only

other crops than cotton. It is not uncommon t men, foreign matters, literature, science Jnckso'ville To }between route with New through Orleans sleepers and

for our Southern farmers to and education. It is Jacksonville.
raise much of the supplies their families The F. C. & p. has 700 miles of track in i
and stock consume, thus reducing their Florida running through the
store bills and their BIER A STANDARD YEAR BOOK. Tobacco legions, r
making money crops, Stock farming and Dairy Section,
like cotton, tobacco, fruit, etc., a source Peach and Strawberry Lands,
of net revenue. Then there is a large Orange,Banana and Pineapple Country

number of families from the East, North PRICE mail Phosphate Has the Belt.Silver Spring and
postpaid by 25
and West from ,
or foreign lands, who are Other fine Scenery.The .
finding health, wealth and happiness Great hunting Country.
Southern farms. on Address THE WORLD New York City. Beaches the Noted fishing Grounds.
Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
Now if the experience of these people ety of soils in the State, and above all 'I

could obtained< ...... __.... __
ao more to improve Southern "" .h..;J."... 1.+.. .10 .LlI... .. QIIU rlt LJ-:: ll.ny.
agriculture Prosperous towns flu 1 its
route and it offers
would oe possible by any other or- aids to actual farmers, rather than on literary California Markets. the best freight facilities for any produce to
dinary means. The lessons of such finish the Northern markets. Send for the popularsong
or glittering generalities.The Tha San Francisco Fruit
Grower 4
tical experince, based on what had been of De- -
actually accomplished by farm- essays should be written on but cember 8 says: Oranges are meeting withan "MY FLORIDA HOME."
ers, would wake up our less one side of the paper, and should be indifferent demand, owing to the cold with its spirited words and beautiful music-
farmers to progressive mailed at once to Editor Southern Edi- weather. Navels are in good supply but descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
a realizing sense of their pos- tion American which is gotten in elegant
up style-Six
Agriculturist New
York, lacking in color. The pagesof
sibilities. We believe these results would and must be marked growers and ship- full sized best music paper,containing alsoa
compare so favorably with in "Southern farming pers in the northern part of the State picture of a home in Florida and a hunting
other sections as to attract farming prize contest. We should be pleased to should take more pains with the gather- scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
international receive photographs of the writers or of ing and packing of their fruit. stamps,to pay expense of distribution.)
attention and inaugurate a large and de- their homesteads Oranges Send also for the best map of Florida(sent
sirable immigration. American sketches to make picked from the trees are not in good free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MACDONELLG.P.A.
culturist desires to promote these results Agri- plainer any points in the article, or other form, being classed as windfalls or culls. ,
suggestions for illustrating the Jacksonville,Fla.
Oranges should be
and therefore offers fifty dollars fol- essays "clipped, or, as we -
lows: as when published in the American Agri- term it, ee stem cut" from the trees. We

$25 for statements of actual experience culturist, as they will be from time to time notice all sorts of packing, chiefly after The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.

diversified farming in our Southern throughout the year. : the fashion of packing potatoes in a sack. Offers to Shippers

States in of << Wo Will illiiatrato_ ________ f.Tia_ v._rinnQ___ .. ofTrloa fFcommercial
sums 10, 5, 3, 2,1,1,1,1,1. How's This I n -- "' &"' V.L The Shortest and Quickest Route
packing in our nest- issue.
These articles will be
judged by the clear-
ness and completeness with which I We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward Reports from the southern part of the BETWEEN

give the writers' methods and results they for any case of Catarrh that cannot be State indicate active arrangements in FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. for the of THE EAST AND WEST.
rather than by the actual profit progress handling a large crop
One man's gained. J. CHENEY & CO.,Props., Toledo, O. of fruit. With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-
experience, who has not made We, the undersigned, have known F. Apples 50 lb. box pany Is better equipped than ever ever to
large profits, may have been such and J. per to 75c.; good handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and
may be stated so clearly as to be worth Cheney for the last 15 years, and be- to choice, per 50 lb. box, 60 to 90c.; insure close connections and prompt despatch
lieve him perfectly honorable in all Lemons to all Eastern and Western
far more to our readers than the state- busi- common to good, per 70 lb. box, Markets.
ment of another whose operations have ness transactions and financially able to 2.00 to 3.00; choice to fancy, 70 lb. box, Through, cars to destination with-

netted more money. The articles should carry out any obligation made by their 4.00 to 5.00; Bananas, per bunch, 1.00 to out change or delay.
firm. Perishable
freight followed wire
not exceed 500 words. West & Truax 1.75; pineapples, per doz., 2.50 to 5.00; shippers advised time passing various Junc-
$25 for the best articles on farming in Wholesale Druggists, Limes, per case, 3.00 to 3.50; Oranges, tion points and arrival at destination.All .
the South in 1895 and for the ensuing five Toledo, O. Walding, Kinnan & Mar- I Florida, 3.00 to 3.25; Mexican, 2.25 to claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
vin, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo Ohio. 2.50 :Mandarin 1.25 Iyadjusted.
to 1.50
; California
in ;
years, prizes of$10,5,5,3 and 2. These See that
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally Navels 3.50 to 4.50 California your goods are markedvia
essays may state in 1500 words or less thewriters' acting directly upon the blood and mu- 2.00 to 2.50. ; Seedlings} F. C. & P. R. R. *

views as to the best course for the cous surfaces of the system. Price 75c. .1<< For information call on or address the un-

the average most Southern out of his farmer business-the to pursue to get per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testi-, Promptness.We dersigned C. E. TAYLOR.: Trav.A'gt, Ocala,Fla. r
most monials free. sell fruit W. B. TUCKER, Gen.A'g't, Orlando, Fla. t
money, the most pleasure,the most of all t-.-<< your to-day and mail your G. HOLDEN,Trav. A gt Leesburg Fla.
that makes life attractive. The papers Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder check to-morrow on all home sales. W. R. FULLER.Trav. A'g't, Tampa, F1&
will be judged on their merits as practical Most Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co., Or N..S. PENNINGTON Traffic Manager, ;
Perfect Made. Thos. Jacksonville Fla.
R. Towns Pres.
W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt

r" ,_ .
.- ::- -. : : ;:{-- j.$12 ,:--


Ii t _


Shipping Fruit In Carbonic Acid Proposed Union of New York Great Change in an Orange Grove.
Gas. Fruit Dealers. One of the best evidences the writer SI7| SPRAY PUMP! ]
A company in San Francisco are The plan for a consolidation of the has ever seen of what can be done with Will EXPRESS 10 PAID for lH If
spray a acre orchard per day.
experimenting in shipping fruit in car fruit trade organizations into a large run-down orange groves in Florida can Endorsed by the leading Entomologists of the U.S.
bonic acid gas. In a communication exchange is again being actively agi be seen in this city at the corner of funded.60,000 in use.Illustrated Satisfaction catalogue guaranteed on Spraying or money free.re-
to the California Fruit Grower they Rapid sellers. Our agents are making from S319>>
tated. There This
f are at present three Jackson[ and Liberty streets. prop- 820 per day. Mention this paper. Address
detail sundry trials, and add : organizations, the New York Fruit erty, consisting of about 100 bearing V. C. LEWIS MFG. CO., Box 73, Catskill, N. Y.

f After these repeated experiments Exchange, the successor of the For- trees: and forty young trees, formerly
,, j and trials we felt justified in the more eign Fruit Exchange; the New York belonged to the late Dr. C. S. Betts, FARMER'S works successfully with 4
extensive demonstration of the process Fruit and Produce Exchange, and and was sold by him less than a year and Water Wheels. h. p., also Grinding Mills

r by the shipment of a carload of fruit the Fruit Buyers' Union.At ago to Mr. M. Story, of Palmyra, N. DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co..
East, and through the kindness of the a special meeting! of the New Y. When sold the trees were all in 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga.
Santa Fe and Southern Pacific Com- York Fruit Exchange at 78 Park bad shape, and those familiar with

panies who furnished transportation, Place yesterday the plan for a consol- them: did not think it possible to ever SELF-POURING
we fitted up a car at Sacramento with idation of the organizations was freely bring them out. Mr. Story placed the COTFfIE POT
two air-tight compartments and load- discussed. property in the hands of Mr. E. J.

ed it with fruit from Fresno, El Dora- After the meeting a well known Warfield, of our city, and told him to Poors the lid pressing,.,
do, Placer and Sacramento countiesin fruit dealer said : do what he could with it. Mr. War- ,.r _
varieties as follows: Peaches, "For some time past the methods of field is an intelligent man, one who has
t pears,quinces, persimmons and grapes. transacting business in the fruit tradeof made a scientific study of plant lire for
At 5 p. m. October 13th, the car was New York have been reported as many years, and it is simply wonderful -
sealed at Sacramento, the thermometer unsatisfactory to jobbers, brokers and to see what he has done with this
standing at 80 degrees. The next dealers. The main cause of dissatis- grove. He brought all of his scientific -
morning at six o'clock while the train faction is the fact that dealers find it : knowledge to bear, and has fully
was approaching Colfax one of the locomotives very inconvenient and quite difficult demonstrated that any grove, notwith-
l on the train exploded and to. attend auction sales in different standing how much run down, can be Saves 25 per ct.of tea makes the liquor proportionately
p the concussion resulting therefrom parts of the city at almost the same brought out and made thoroughly ASBURY better.-PAINE Send MFG.forstylesandprices.THE CO.Trenton< ,N.J. .
caused the forward compartment to hour, and in many instances we can- healthy and flourishing. There is no XJiis is good thing'-l&
leak badly, and from that point to not attend to business in our own grove in Orlando to-day that looks
Chicago we were unable to keep it stores, unless it is transacted after better or is more heavily laden with -
I supplied with gas. At Gold Run the business hours. fruit; although all the trees are com-

thermometer stood at 80 degrees; at "For example, suppose a steamer has paratively young, it will not be sur- 44- a ..
Ogden the car was side-tracked for 20,000 boxes of lemons. There prising if they bear 500 boxes this sea- 4.-4.a
eight hours with the thermometer being two auction establishments in son. Those trees in bearing are so
:) standing at 90 degrees. At Grand the field, both come in for their share. laden with fruit that props are neces- t''''.':.''t: -"' ,J;. .
Junction the car was side-tracked 22 Say they both sell at 12 o'clock. In sary to hold thcm up. And, strangeto A REGULAR "SPELLBINDER."
hours the temperature being 100 de- this case, this state of affairs will resultin say, trees that were sorely affected
We hear of inanimate things which "speakfor
.. grees during the day. At Leadville dividing buyers. This method with foot-rot a year ago are now thor- themselves," also of speakers whose
the car was derailed and a further de- will create factions, widen the breachof oughly healthy and are full of the eloquence That's the holds way the the Page hearers talks,"spell but Instead bound.of"
lay of eight hours was encountered. friendship between merchants, and choicest fruit. uncorking Its eloquence, it uncoils itself.
L At Kansas City the car was side- form parties each allied to its particular Mr. Warfield has certainly demon- : This animal is undertakes especially the to hold case an when argument an unruly withit.

tracked 16 hours, and at that point auction room. strated a great lesson in orange cul- likeness. We will of this gladly fence.send you a speaking

1 the compartments were opened andthe "The proposed consolidation will tvre, and the readers of the Sentinel PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich.DOUCLAS .
i gas allowed to escape, as it was permit both auctioneers to sell at different would, doubtless, be glad to hear some-
1 expected that the car would reach the times on the floor of the ex- thing from him on that subject.Orlando -
auction house in Chicago in 24 hours. change,' and none but members can Sentinel.Mr. W. L.
L However, on arrival at Chicago, the mirehase" .
car was delayed at the stock yards 26 1" T. J. Shapley has two Satsuma I ea SHOE NO SQUEAKING.
f hours before it could be placed at the different orange trees on his place just east of $5. CORDOVAN,

f auction rooms for unloading. scheme, and declare that they pro- town, that are shining examples of _+ S4.3.5onNECALF&KANGAROQ FRENCH&ENAMEILEDCALF:
(i When the car finally reached its pose to sell their goods at public what may be done with that fruit in 2 $360POLICE,3SOLFs.!
destination it had been fifty hours auction, where every dealer, rich or this section. They are five years old = lso'2.WORKINGMrlr
I without gas and the temperature inside poor, can purchase. and one of them has borne three crops $:' io." EXTRA.FINE ..

the compartments indicated no "Why," said a well-known Italian and the other two, the larger one $2 A7-?BOYSSCHOGLSHQES.LADIES .
degrees. Notwithstanding this the importer, "if this consolidation scheme having had about two boxes on the ti -
j fruit from the compartment not dam- comes to an issue, I would sooner get last two years and the other nearly as ..\J..-L$2'JJ2.BESIDONGOL4:!!
aged by the explosion, was found to out of the fruit business than permit many. They stood out exposed to all SEND FOR CATAlOGUe. .
be in good merchantable condition, dealers to dictate to me what I shall sorts of weather and since the first ,WL.DOUGLAS,
7 and it was sold at public auction for do. I have been forty years in this year have been unaffected by the You" '" ':N." .''. '' BROCKTON, MASS.tho
can save money by wearing
prices as high as any refrigeration fruit line, and when dealers propose to cold. The late frosts that nipped the W. L. Douglas S3.OO Shoe.
brought that day. There were sev- tell me what to do, it is about time peaches last spring, not harming themin Because, we are the largest manufacturers of
this grade shoes In the world,and their
eral carloads sold at the same time for me to show fight. No ; I em- the least. Last year Mr. Shapleywas value by stamping the name and guarantee price on the
i which had been but seven days in phatically refuse to sell my goods on offered $4.00 per box by a reliable bottom the middleman's,which protect profits.you Our against shoes high equal prices custom and
transit under ice refrigeration, while the floor of a close corporation. Thisis Cincinnati house, who wrote him work In style easy fitting and wearing qualities.We .
the time occupied in transit by our America; let every buyer have the thinking he had a large grove. A the have value them given sold than everywhere any other make.lower Take prices no sub for
car was eleven days. After the sale we'j same right, and business will progress .large: number of .trees of this varietywill stltnte. If your dealer cannot supply you,we can.
'j had parties in Chicago look up the pleasantly.New York Times.Misunderstood. be set here this winter and it will l
j fruit after it had reached the hands of not be long before DeFuniak will be CHOICE
I 1 the retailers who purchased some, and noted for its oranges.Walton Breeze FRUI'rS and F :,QVVERS
five thereafter the .
they reported
days *
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. FORSOUTHERN'
r fruit in good condition, being seven In your editorial of December 8 This fall's crop of vegetables has

t days after its arrival. The fruit in you say, The experiments of Messrs. been decidedly limited compared with 'PLANTING.Satsuma .
the compartment which leaked on account Harvey, Adams and others, in which the crop of last year, what they lack
of damage to the car was par- potash was applied practically aloneare in quantity is made np in quality. Japanese Plums Orange, Peaches, Hardy, Pears and, Roses Early., Camel New .

tially spoiled, which proves conclus- not conclusive." Turnips, beans, cucumbers, egg plant, has, &c.. ,at very low D.prices.L. PIERSON Catalogue, Prop.for theasking.
ively that without the gas process it Evidently I did not make myself okra and the old-fashioned collardseven Monticello,Fla

would not carry. The carbonic acid understood, for, as a matter of fact, never were better than they are
gas process holds the fruit in a state the five-year-old grove referred to had this season. Those who are shipping FRUIT TREES.POK. .

of suspense and prevents it from been fertilized almost exclusively with vegetables report quite good prices for .
its condition in the least this season of the -Tampa Tri
t changing "fankage" (bone and blood), and the SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write
while under its treatment. Duringthe bune. .
potash was "applied on alternate rows .
time of transportation the temper- in addition to the usual amount of "BROWN'S BRONCHIAL IHK TROCHES" are of for Catalogue and price list.JENNINGS' .
ature inside the undamaged compart- tankage. No benefit was perceptible. great service in subduing Hoarseness and :'
ments stood between 60 and 75 de- DUDLEY W. ADAMS. Coughs. Sold only in boxes. Avoid "-. -
grees. I Tangerine, Fla., Dec. 14, 1894. imitations. Thomasville, Ga. ,:.
... ',-
r ""
'. .. ,, ., ,".. .. ." ,- ,:-/!:". .
E" ,
I 'r":::'

i ,

-.. -

IT t.c

814 .

Our Rural Home.Edited The Christmastide. Christmas Gifts.For .

For Our Rural Home: Our Rural Home.

Christmas is drawing near and mothers NEEDLE BOOK.-Cut two pieces of card- t

are preparing for their little ones board in the shape of an artist's pallet. t
pleasures and surpries, for it is es- Cover one piece on one side with pearl- 3-1

St. Thomas. Fla.. pecially the children's holiday. Many colored silk or satin on which has been ,

embroidered a of forget-me-nots
spray ,
A Symphony in Blue and Gold. parents cannot make the preparationthey thus: Use Asiatic filo for the flowers, andas

wish, as this has been such a hard they are small a single strand of silk

[Concluded from last week.] year and many men have had little or will be sufficient. Use blue 2030 and 2031 "

no employment. But let us not worry I for the petals; finish the centers with a
great bells of the African about The knot of yellow 2015. Use green 2070a Prices reduced on the Shireman Chain Fruit

morning glory, resplendent with dew, our inability to buy toys. for the leaves and stems. Cover the and Vegetable Sizer. The most accurate sim-
children need andif ple and durable sizer made. C. A. Boone,
always some things gen'lagent
were swinging in the breeze, mingled other piece of cardboard with pale blue Orlando, Fla.

with the pale-yellow blossoms of these are given as presents they will silk, place the backs of the two pieces together FOR 90 DAYS-I will sell first-class budded orange -

be appreciated. Many things can be and overhand them all around. I trees and grape fruit trees, one and two
Thunbergia vines, that have for three years old, cheaper than firm in the State.
made at home with little This is for the top cover of the book. any
very expense. varieties. Call on or address, G. Michael
years been covered with flowers here Make 15 L. ,
; Last Christmas a horse's head madeof another exactly like it except the Star Hill Nursery, Glen Ethel, Fla. 10-17-8
and there hung a cluster of scarlet embroidered spray which is omitted.
astrakan, and filled with cotton, ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
Cut from fine.
honeysuckles, both bloom and berries, white flannel three leaves We pay freight. Write for our latest
as if to intensify the beauty. Had then fastened on the end of a broom- like the covers in shape,but a trifle smal- price-list. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf

there been more there would have stick, gave my boy as much pleasureas ler; work buttonhole stitch around them FOR SA E.-On rough lemon, Tardiff, Blood
with Asiatic Grape Fruit strong, well-grown buds.
of his All kindsof twisted embroidery silk
been too great profusion of red; if less, animals any can boughten be make toys.from canton 2031. Finish the edges of both covers ida.Address, Richard Klemm, Winter Haven II35RAPES.One Flor-\ .'

the touch of brilliancy would have with Asiatic couching silk 2031, laying it
flannel side and stuffed thousand White Niagara grape
been wanting. The back ground was wrong out, loosely around and catching it down witha vines for sale, $4 a hundred. F. Lloyd.

of a deep green, and spread along the with cotton. The patterns can be strand of the filo left from the flowers. Fruitland Park, Lake county, Fla. 11-3-6

of gotten for very little, or, if you try, Now place the leaves between the covers "PARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney
eaves the porch.. the center Dost and A Sicily Lemon.-Best orange and lemon
& you may oe able to cut the pattern 1 tie a ribbon through the thumb- Write for
the grown. catalogue J. H. Turnley,
being starting point of the Thun
hole of the pallet. This be of blue "Excelsior
cut the horse's head from a picture may Nurseries, Lake Weir, Fla. 8-11-13
bergias that have run rampant every- and tried with old until I to match the flowers. This is a very OUR RODS-Spanish Needles and Dip Needles
where. goods got dainty book and will be appreciated by the best instruments for hunting miner-

But it is of this morning glory thatI the correct shape. Little children en- any lady.HANDKERCHIEF. als. Ben. G Stauffer, Harrisburg, Pa. 11-24-26
SALE-On the tree, at Duke, St. Johns V
joy things of this kind and less CASE. FOR
are -Open
wish particularly to speak. A few { square county, Fla., about 1,500 boxes A i bright oranges -
seeds liable to hurt themselves than with envelope by steaming the edges, cut a from the Dr. Greeley grove. Address, E. r
were sent me by that delightful wooden or tin Girls love pattern from this, enlarging it to suit D. Woodbury, Cheshire, Conn. 11-3-6 '
correspondent of Our Rural Home, your fancy. Cut two pieces of card board SAIL BOATS.-St. Lawrence Skiffs, Dories,
dolls, and they can be made of white Boats, Sneak Boxes. State what
at Coral Beach, away down on the In- by the pattern, one a trifle smaller than you
want and write for prices. E. D. Putney Mt.
dian river; she 'obtained them from goods-the larger the better-with the the other, cover one side of each with a Dora, Fla. n-iy-tf

Natal face marked in ink, then dressed in layer of wadding well sprinkled with
South Africa.
Two seeds onlyof THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
mine gay-colored material, and I think the violet powder, cover one of the :maller 127.000 citrus trees on sour orange,grapefruitand
germinated; one was plantedin little girl will love her well pieces with white or cream colored silk, rough lemon roots,of the following varieties:
a tin can and the vine died, whenit dolly as as cover the other piece with blue satin, Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo,Au-
if it French and it will rantium Pomelo, Boone's Parson Brown,
were a one, the Early :
had grown a few inches; the other place backs of the two pieces togetherand Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma Kum-
lived an out-door life vigorouslyall last much longer. Many other little overhand. Finish the edges with quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange,and Villa

grew things can be made up to please and gold colored Asiatic couching silk 2016, Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seed ,
summer; climbing, climbing upward less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless
caught with Asiatic
yet cost very little. filo 2016. Fold Grape-fruit. C M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
throwing out green arms, catch- Of the corners over like an envelope and Fla. 11-17-20
course they must have
ing on to the Marechal Neil on onside e some put under a weight for a short time to T 10 MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like

and Cherokee rose on the other sweets for the stocking. Ginger cakes make them lie smooth. The case is pret- Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-

may be cut in odd shapes also cookies tier if a of golden rod is marked in ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
until I began to fear that should i it spray particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
and home made candies are far one corner of the blue satin before sew- io-i3-tf

ever bloom, which it showed no in- tetter for them than those buy ing it to the card board, for this use Asi- BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.

clination to do, we should have to and less. you atic outline embroidery silk, 2012, 2013, of the best. $i for 13. R. Puddy,
cost Here is for
mount to the roof ourselves to catcha a recipe 2015 and 2016, two or more of these Lawtey- Fla. 10-6-13

glimpse of its glory. Mrs. N. had candy: I !think will please.} Put one shades. Three corners mav be tied together RESPONSIBLE, .N.Reliable.-TO9tt Commission rcnn A Co. MerV

assured me it would be a "glory of pound ot sugar in a kettle, add y2 a with narrow ribbon to match the -- -I- -tfFOR
of and edge and the point of the fourth
pint water, / teaspoon of slipped
heavenly blue" in the fall. I had and winter hotel
cream of tartar, or 2 teaspoons of vin- under the ribbon when the case is North Carolina mountains. Owner must
longed for more blue flowers I had closed. live in
as R. E. :M. Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
had "bad success" with many of the egar, let it boil until a little droppedin .. B. Clarkson, Jacksonville,Fla. 9-i5-tf

a cup of cold water hardens then 117ANTED-5000 one-year Citrus Trifoliata.
seeds sown in the spring, and of all ; The proprietors of the Royal Poin- Give size and lowest price. Arcadia Nurse-
my vines and shrubs not one blos- ready two dishes greased well; ciana wanted to contract with the dai- ries, Monticello, Fla. 12-i-tf ,

somed in blue. Therefore, in a two- pour half in each one; now beat one ryman at West Palm Beach for 800 FINE Smooth Cayenne and Abbaka Pineapple
plate full with a until it be- and Slips. Orlando Grape c"l Fruit
fold sense, was I grateful for Mrs. quarts of milk per day. At the usual Co., Orlando, Fla. 10-27-8

N.'s gift of several varieties of seeds. come with the creamy; then make into shapes milking qualities of Florida cows it I. FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans

Now, indeed, it is a morning glory, fingers. You may take nut would take about 800 cows.-Daytona Game fowl. Langshan, Game and
kernels and the if Pekin duck eggs for hatching. Mrs. W. H.
press on candy
and noon-day glory, keeping wide you : News. Mann, Mannville, Fla. 12-1-12
wish. Now pull the other until it
open all day; and if no untimely frost WELL SEASONED CYPRESS LADDERS :

nips it, will bloom for the holidays.Is becomes white, then break in pieces. U CENT-A- 'FORD" COLUMN.To feet long, at lowest prices. Send for r
You will have to work fast or the prices to T. S.,Gregg, Citra, Fla. 12-1-4
it the
blue dawn flower? (Ipomea
candy will become too cool and be insure insertion in this column, advertise- FOR SALE for cash,time or trade,orange groves,
Learii) The blossom is about four and timber lands. .
ments must be accompanied by the th ney. E. RUMLEY- Keuka,
inches across, of delicate texture, and troublesome. Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. Fla. 3-n-i6t ,"
With trouble Postage Stamps received in payment. J
of so clear and beautiful a blue that some we can all man- Count every word,including name and address. CITRUS TREES.-Fine stock; none better:low '
in age to have something for the little ---......--.-.-- -- and square treatment No "back
my own mind I compare them to a numbers" offered. Write for
HAVING to seek colder climate and higher al- prices. Thirteen
but do
pair of smiling eyes I once knew, that stockings, not let the Santa I wish to sell or exchange for Northern years experience. Phoenix Nurseries, B raid en-
described "china Claus part make us forget to teach city or farm property, a 6-roomed, completely town Fla. II 3-i8
were as blue. The
the children what cottage on Sarasota Bay, and 2% CAYENNE-Variegated
Christmas is in SMOOTH Cayenne.
acres bearing and
flowers smile orange lemon
and 2
too; everyone grove; acres Rothschild and Abbaka pineapple
of. Eve" the little in variety fruit trees and grapevines. Value, suckers and of
smiles who looks at them. memory ones can $1,500. Unencumbered slips finest quality. Orlando.
The leaves of this vine are smooth, be made to understand that it is Jesus'birthdayfor Kleinoscheg, Sarasota, Manatee good Co., Fla.titles. it A. Grape and Fruit Co., Orlando, Fla. i2-i5-tf

dark-green, and heart-shape; the stems remember that impres- VERY FINE-Two to four year old orange and
sions made in childhood last buds. Price, Notice of Incorporation ,-
longer $1.0 per i.ooo f. o. b. J.
of a deeper, almost purple hue. It i ia is I;. Derieux, Lakeland Fla.
than any others. What a pleasure to 12-22-5 Notice is hereby given that the undersigned
of well
variety Ipomea worth culti-
? will present the proposed! charter for the !
think back childhood LOT OF SEEDLESS GRAPE incorporation -
on our and FINE FRUIT-
remember -
vation. Hereafter I shall always have Tahiti Limes. All on Grape fruit stock. of the "Florida Mutual Benefit Association -
the lessons our Price now on file in the office of the Clerk of
parents taught reasonable.
very S. M.
of them Stephens, Lake-
some among Thunbergias, i ifI land, Fla. the Circuit Court for Duval county Florida, to
succeed in finding mature seeds us; so let our children, when grown 12.15-10 the Hon R. M. Call Judge of the Circuit Court

have the same to remember of us. PECANS.-Florida grown, paper-shell nuts for in said county and State, for approval,on the ist
which is often a difficulty in propagat !!!a pound. W. A. Bours & day of January, 1895.
ing the choicest plants.In And what more fitting time to impress Co.- Jacksonville, Fla. 12-15-4 The character and objects of the corporation to
be formed, is a benevolent association
them than. Christmas. .-Trifoliata seed to provide
seeds in if WAN? or seedlings. State aid and assistance and care for the ,
planting spring, one FredD. Waites, Belleview, Fla. sick needy ,
all have and disabled outs members to
May .
a "merry Christmas. 12-15-4 ; buy and sell real
exercises a little thought, most beauti- and personal property for the benefit of its
combinations of colors be had at is the wish of POLLYHYMNIA. A CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.-Forty bers, and transact such other business as is mem-usually ,
may thousand ((40,000)) thrifty grape fruit trees in necessary for such corporations. ;
blooming time, as easily as those that t In nursery form. Three-year old. Terms easy. D. H.CAMPBELL,
general, level culture is best. Bowyer& Stephens, Lakeland, Fla. 12-15-10 H.S. WALKER, .
do not harmonize.
The modern cultivators and harrows FOR CUTAWAY HARROW prices,address E. MATT. JOHNSOK +

MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. make such cultivation easy. IO-2I-tf. Hubbard, Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent. MAX CROMWELL HlRSHMANK.GIBBONS, :

Jacksonville Fla., Dec. 1st, 1894.

.,' ,' -'.'.," .






., .


11 SAVANNAH LINE. The Clyde Steamship Co.

!k Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
NEW YORK CHBHliESTDN ffllfl FliaqiDfl IdNES.

between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours. ,

i .
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

t both ways : -
Paea e Rated $ From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843-50; I Monday, Nov. 26th, at3 pm........"*SEMINOLE". .......Sunday, Dec. 2d, at 7:co am
Steerage, $12.50. I Wednesday, 28th.at 3 p m. ......."IROQUOIS". .........Tuesday. 4th at 9:00: a m
j Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion, $47.301!; Steerage, $14.25 I Friday, 30th,at 3 pm...... .."CHEROKEE".. .... Thursday, "" 6th, at 10:00 a m
f The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Monday, Dec. 3rdat3pm..YAMASSEE..Sunday, 9th at 130 pm
........: "
Wednesday, 5th. atspm 'ALGONQUIN".Tuesday, nth, at lJopm
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Friday 7th, at3pm..SEMINO E" .........Thursday, "t3th.at 4:30 am
Monday 10th, at 3 p m.IROQUOIS".. ,....Sunday, U 16th,at 7:00: a m
t (Central or 900 Meridian Time.) Wednesday: I2that3pm..... ..."CHEROKEE" ......Tuesday, 18th,at 8:30am
: Chattalioochee ...........Saturday, Dec. i, 7.00 m. Friday, I4th, atspm.........."YKMASSEE"........Thursday, 2oth, at 10:00: a m
p. ....... ". ....... "
Monday I7th 3 p m. ALGONQUIN" Sunday, 23rd, at 1.30pm
Nacoochee Dec. S.oop. m.Tallallassee.
........ ..... ... "
Wednesday, 19th, at 3 pm "SEMINO E" Tuesday 25th, at 4:00: a m
.Wedn'sday Dec. 5, 11.00a.m. u .......... ....... .I
Friday, 21st, at 3 p m. "IROQUOIS; Thursday, 27th at 5:00: a m
City of Dec. 7, m.
12.30P. 'I ...... ...... u
Monday, 24th, 3 p m. .Sunday, 30th at 6'30am
City Kansas of ..Saturday\ ,, Dec.Dec. 10 8,, 3.OOP.i.3opm.m. Wednesday, u 26th, atspm........ "YEMASSEE".........Tuesday,) Jan. ist.at3rd 8:00: am
u Friday 28that3pm."ALGONQUIN..Thursday. ,at Rao am
Chattahoocliee.Wedn'sday Dec. 12, 5.oop.m. ....... ........ "
Nacoochee Dec. 14, 6.ooa.m. Monday, 31st, at 3 p m. "SEMINOLE" Sunday, 6th, at 12.00 n'n
Tallahassee Dec. 15, 7 00 p. m. For New York direct.
City of Dec. 17, 8.oop.m. r
I City of Birmingham! ...............-............. ..................Wedn'sdayDec. 19 11.00a.m.
Kansas .. ...................Friday, Dec. 21, 1.00 p.m. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.
r Chattahoocliee ... Dec.22, 2.00 p.m.
Nacoochee Dec. 24, 4.00 p. m. Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. (i., south
Tallahassee........ ..... ...........Wedn'saayDec.26, 5 00 p. m. bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
City of Dec. 28, 6.3oa.m. :
1 City of ] Dec.29, 7.oop. m. From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct:

Kansas Dec.31, 8 oo p. m. Wednesday, November.. ......... .. ...WINYAH..................Monday, December 3d
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Tuesday, December 4th................DELAWARE.......... ......Sunday, December 9th
City of Macon. Dec. 6II.3oa.m.Gate : Saturday December 8th,.................WINYAH..................Thursday.December 13th
l Thursday, Dec. 13, 5.30 P m. '
City of Macon. Thursday, Dec. 20, 11.303.m. QUICK DISPATCH AND PERFECT VENTILATION FOR
Gate Thursday, Dec. 27. 5.30p.m.

( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) .

Dessoug..................._............... .... .............. ...................Dec. 8, 1.30p.m. ST. :
Deasoug.... ....................................................... ................Dec. 18, 9.30a.m. JoErNJIV8L_ LINE.
o, Dessoug....... ........................................ ......................... .Dec. 28, 6.30 a. m. .
For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on

THESE PALACE STEAMERS, the St. Johns River.The .

iron side-wheel steamers .:
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah Florida & Western Railway, elegant
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. of "
City J"a.ckson.V'ille: :
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets,and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South. ,
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to Capt. W. A. SHAW
t New Pier No.35, North River J.New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. "E'RED : DeBARY,"
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.
Capt. ,
1'1'W.. L JAMES, Agent, 13 S.,Third Street, Philadelphia. Jr.
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford
1'J.. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y. daily except Sunday, at 9.00 a. m.
J.L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
4 353 Broadway New York. 306 Washington st., Boston. SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUNlJ..
!' J. P.BECKWITH, General Agent, 121 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.W. Read down. Read up.

FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Leave 3.30 p. m. .....................Jacksonville ...................... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, u 8.45 p. m. ... ......................Palatka. ........................ Leave m.
121 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. .. 3.0' a. m. ............ .......... Astor .................... .... 3.00 9.00 p. m.
.1 4.30 a. m. .......................St. }I'rancis....................... 64 Lao p. m.
u 5.30 a. m. ...... ..... ...... ...... Beresford........................ u 12.00 p.noon
II 6.00 a. m.........................Blue Springs... .................. 11.30 a. m.
THE BEST FERTILIZERS Arrive 8.30a. m. ...... ......... ... .....Sanford................... ..... 9.00 a. m.
? u 9.25 a. m. ........................ Enterprise................. ... u 9.30a. m.

\.\ WITH A General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., JacksonvilleA.

J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.M. .
y PURE BONE BASISAre H. CLYDE Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.D. .
D. C. MINK General Freight Agent. 12 So. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
Manufactured by the THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. _
F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florid : Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville FU.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville Fla.
J. A. LESLIE Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.
L B. Fertilizer Co.
Darling WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.


7 We also carry in stock Potash. Nitrate Soda, Kainit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poultry WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
Sulphur, Cottonseed Meal,Tobacco Stems, Land Plaster and Ashes. ,


Grain Garden Seeds
|Rear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway between Main and Laura Sts. and Fertilizers

Send for Pocket Memoranda Book. ,
2e itE ST BAY t9'r., J'A.CKSONVD.t: : z.1 F'LA.
FERTILIZERS: We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat
Hay Grits Meal
Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone ,

Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. '



TfflBrt-Illen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA

Standard Guano & Chemical M'f'g Co.No. ,

Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,


Orange Tree and Vegetable[ '

4 :, Agent.Write FERTILIZER.These .

Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.
for Almanac, Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. Send for Catalogue free.

." ..,





.. Es1a.btlsh..ed. in 18I 6.


Can Obtain the Highest Prices For


all Fruit and Vegetable Crops Shipped them to New York. Ship via Clyde Line.

... .
It is decidedly to our interest to have those who use or expect to purchase our brands of fertil$219.07 net-fully 25 to 50 per cent.higher than any other melon growers in Florida or Georgia have
izers secure the very highest:prices for their fruit and vegetables,and see that they get full NET ever received for their shipments during the entire season.
RETURNS. We have accordingly arranged to sell at New York,the best market in the country, (For an itemized list of these sales see F. F. &F. Grower for Nov. loth '94.)
if properly worked,the crops of our customers and their friends. We have employed men, thorMr.. Bigelow raised these magnificent melons,the finest ever seen in N. Y.,with our celebrated
oughly acquainted with this business,in New York State,and you can rest assured that none of brand of TRUCK FARMERS' SPECIAL.
, your consignments will be sacrificed on glutted markets,as in such instance we have arranged to No company watches their Special Brands as we do,a letter of inquiry going to each purchaser
reforward.at a nominal expense to interior markets. after the gathering of his crop;this,combined with our numerous and exhaustive tests; have en-
During:June and July, 94,we handled and sold the entire watermelon crop of G. W. Bigelow. abled us to gradually improve our Special Crop Mixtures so as to meet the crop and.soil require-
of Bushnell, Fla. The NET RETURNS we sent him were 6,134.15 for 28 carloads-or an average of ments thus greatly increasing the yield.

Our new publication of testimonials,from those using our Special Crop Mixtures, contains some very interesting letters. The following is a sample:

The Paine Fertilizer Company, i Broadway, New York: MANNVILLE,FLA.,Nov. 21,1894.
GENTLEMEN-I have used your Special Brands of Orange and Truck Fertilizers for a number of years, and am better pleased the more I use them. Last season I shipped my oranges to two
different firms, and the catalogues show that my oranges brought from 25c to 40C per box above: the average sales of the day, and the parties wrote me "We can get high prices for good oranges at
any time and YOURS are good." The Rev.A. Flower here has trees that were set out four years ago that have made a remarkable growth and are bent to the ground with fruit and they have had
no other fertilizer than Paine's "Tree Grower Special." I know of no fertilizer that will give such satisfactory results,both in growth of wood and quality of fruit, as Paine's Fertilizers.
Very truly yours,
Settle the"potash question"by using potash from that best adapted to the crop you are raising and see that it is properly combined with phosphoric acid,ammonia,lime,magnesia,etc.,as
found in our SPECIAL CROP .

that our Company could prepare HIGHER GRADES of fertilizers and'sell them at LOWER PRICES than other manufacturers. The reason is obvious. We are home manufacturers,saving all ex
tra costs transportation,additional handling,drayage,etc., extra storage and the Jacksonville agents': commissions. In purchasing from us, you secure your fertilizers from first hands-the
manufacturers all our shipments are direct from our factory, accordingly we can make you a lower list price on our Special Crop Mixtures. But in addition to this, we propose, during the present
season of'94-95,to give every purchaser of our brands the benefit of all the profits of the middle-men and agents,therefore will allow,with ALL CASH ORDERS, .


The usual commission paid to agents. We propose to give the growers of Florida and other States their fertilizers on closer'margins of profit than ever before.

A complete treatise on the most successful fertilization for young and bearing orange trees on pine and ham-

mock lands in Florida for increased profits, sent on application.

Write for our new fertilizer pamphlet for'95 and all agricultural information, samples, analyses,prices,stencils, etc.,etc.,to .,


FACTORY, EAST JACKSONVILLE. New Offices, 670, 672 and 674 East Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, or No. 1 Broadway, NEW YORK.

N BAt the earnest solicitation of those who used the Ground Stock Food we prepared for them a few:years ago,we have again placed it on the market. It is undoubtedly a high-class,healthy
nutritive food,and will keep stock and poultry in better condition and save you 30 per cent.in your feed bill.



Will Take Out Weeds Crops Increased. Ask Your Dealer For It.M. i
and Loosen the Soil Labor Decreased. Has many good points,adding greatly to convenience, safety and durability.
Lambwn,Welaka,says t "I Designed especially for
In use and recommended by have used one of your Universal

GEO.E.PruiES,Fruitland Park. in Weeders the cultivation,and pronounce not Orange It a GroTM.cnccesi Sawmills Phosphate Work and Irrigation
L. H.ARMSTRONG, St.Nicholas. mwtwi'fil'14fr Growers.I recommend" It to all Orange ,

J.E.STAKNARD,Welaka. The Universal Weeder Co., But superior for all purposes. Write for particulars. Address,

"end for Special Circular. BOSTON, MISS.
The Greatest Labor-Saving Tool! Now Made. I APOPKA F.J.ORIDA.:

Sole Manufacturers of the Hege Emerson Sawmill,Emerson's Variable Feed Works,Dowel
Pin Box Head Machines, Bolters, Edgers,Slat Saw Machines, &c. t

FOR ALL Corn, Potatoes, Cotton, Peas, Beans, Squash.
Cucumbers Melons NOTE-We have also fitted up with special reference to handling second-hand machinery. Six -
HOED CROPS ((6))acres yards,large warerooms,good railroad facilities, with ample private tracks, and years of
Cabbage, Tomatoes, Spinach Onions, etc. experience repairing,rebuilding and reselling all kinds of second-hand machinery. In buying: or 4
selling it is equally important that you write us. Address as above, or the manager, .

J. 'V. E11rIIR90rT.
NO HAND-HOEING. NO WEED-PULLING. Please mention F.and F. G. I

Keeps surface of the soil in best condition to rapidly forward the crop. Strongly endorsed by the
Agr.Colleges, Experiment Stations and most PATENT ORANGE BOX STRAP.

Prominent Agriculturists of America."My .
Manufactured out of Florida woods.

weeder did fine work in strawberries. aud cotton." FRANK HOLM '" Combining STRENGTH, NEATNESS, and ECONOMY. No soaking
York Station,Ala. required. The most perfect Hoop on the market. Cut by the 0 ;

"With the weeder,chop cotton can be made. All grasses and weeds can be easily destroyed." most improved Veneer Machine in the State; the angles
M. CHANCE, Woodland, La. I reinforced with the strongest naval duck,
"Your weeder is indespensable In all hoed crops." W.A.RAINES, Humboldt,Tenn.

"The weeder is'daisy,' I assure you." J. O. SNYDER, Milton, Ky. Combining economy and strength,and being the most LABOR-SAVING STRAP ever offered.
Dimensions, X inch by%,perfectly finished and straight. Satin finished sides
Send TO-DAY for Descriptive Circular. Please mention this paper. and all box requisites. Samples and prices on application to



26 Merchants' Row,. Boston,. Mass.

Complete Fertilizersfor Milwaukee Florida Draqge Co. .

potatoes fruits, and all vegetables require (to secure the largest yield and best quality)

At Least I o/0 Actual Potash.Results Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.. -, ,. 4
Budding-Wood for sale at all times. IOur
of this How and told in stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. '
experiments prove conclusively. are our pamphlets. For Catalogue and Price-List,address
They are sent free. It will cost you nothing to read them, and they will save you X
dollars GERMAN KALI WORKS,93 Nassau Street, New York. A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin PiaJ .
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