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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00057
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 15, 1894
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00057
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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? 'VV'ITH VVHICH IS INCORPORATED 'e THE FLORIDA DISPATCI> : a
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8. Powers, Pabllglierancl Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE,> FLA.. DECEMBER 15, 1894. WhOl349\H Vol.NEW YI,SERIES.No. 5
.

w. c.wnj ESTABLISHED 1876. A.F.JONES. IF IT IS FRUIT YOU WANT,

.


WILL & JONES, THEN BITYSIMON



PURE CHEMICAL ; ,

53: A 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 A 123 MICHIGAN ST.,

.
BUFFALO, N. Y.
FERTILIZER


WHOLESALE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. MADE: PROM ,


\ The best Chemicals for the purpose for which it is in-

Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted at
tended. Not
of "filler" :
an ounce :
all principal shipping points, or ," :[
/>r;
-REFERENCES. :- "make weight" used. : .::: : .
). t .

First National Bank. of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce,Buffalo,N.Y. Dun's and Brad- Read our guaranteed analyses. Write for prices..
Etreet's Agencies.
I ,
.
SEED RYE, O'J\TS: CLOYER. : SIMON PURE NO. 1. GUARANTEED ANALYSIS: '
Moisture to 8 per ct..* .
Genuine Florida Grown Rye. $2.50 per bu.; Texas Red Rust-Proof Ammonia... ......... ............4 to 43 per ct.
Oats, 75 cents per bu. Manufactured by the Potash (actual)....,.12 to 13 per ct.
Crimson Clover, lb. by mall post paid, 30 cents; In 5-lb lots and above Phos. Acid (avail'e).6 to 7 per et.aIr. .
by express or frelghtb15 cents per Ib.;fllfalfa or Lucerne,Ib by mall postpaid :"- '
3O cents; and above Ly express or freight, 15 cents per Simon Pure Fertilizer Works : Made exclusively from Sulphate of Ammonia
Ib, Japan Clover, Ib post paid, 40 cents; 5-lb lots and above by expressor Sulphate of- Potash, and Dissolved Bone
freight, 30 cents per lb. Black.
E.O.PAINTER. JOHN MCKINNEY. We also manufacture a special fertilizer for
H. O. HASTINGS & CO. SEEDSMEN.:
young orange trees, tomatoes, onions, grapes,
Catalogue free on application I n te r I ae hen, F l lor J.d a. E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Props., etc. Formulas made from practical field tests.

E. O. PAINTER & CO.,

r, PEOPLE ARE LEARNING DeLand, Fla. DeLand, Fla.

-
In some parts of the country,at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE,or no FLORID1=t
Orange at all. They'are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best Fraud Fruit Wrappers.NO .
i and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow
for sale. Sample oranges by mail for roc each,to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE. ORANGE MARKET '
C. A. BOONE, Agent. ,

Semi-Tropical Nurseries,Orlando, Fla, MORE CHEATING.
STORAGE AND

Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may ,

IfGgvswJ Everything for. Florida. Established 1883. now know that they get an honest ream EXPOSITION CO. .,
Q of 480 sheets and not 400 320 sheetsto t 1
To Interested in whether for House Orchard (larCATALOGUE or
everyone. plants, or it',
den,our ream as some unscrupulous dealers -
Jacksonville
Fla.
+
.
t and MANUAL supply.

1 will be found'invaluable. We can supply all Fruits as grown in the South
+' i besides Ornamental and Useful Plants andTrees from the"Four Quarters OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed We have.. organized to establish a
% +.,,_. of the Earth." (From Aloe to Zingiber," etc.) Write to-day.
"1' A SPECIALLY FINE LOT OF CITRUS TREES CHEAP. HOME: ]M T
in
Wrappers are put up packages
REASONER BROS. Oneco Fla.FOUATA. of 1000 each and each Wrapper is
For the orange growers of Florida. Also to store '
numbered, in printing, consecutively fruit,if necessary, over a cold spell or to pre-
from 1 to 1000. No one can vent gluts, having fine
SATS UMA! TRI' !
HONESTLY BEATour Storage Capacity and Very
(\..l... i aXf s now i iuuogu mr Z2 Y4-'g?,recounts 17 years'experience with the cany,prouucuvc and hardy aatsuma orange. .
> "orous Citrus trifoliate,which,without protection,stand the north ai Washington,tminlured.j Cheap.We .
prices. Send for samples and prices
nli SELBSICI ItR FRUITS' flatter ourselves that we can save the
toTHE
deal of
a great
growers money by our system,
4 ,oa both crania ana truouata stocks. Over 300 varieties owed and Lower South,Including figs,
pornM ranfc,almonds,pecans,Janan walnpta.Japan chestnuts,kumquats,ornamentals not pledged to any one,but simply to do the best
EAf1frs P U M P E. R/Se AKL JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., for our patrons., .

JERSEY, CITY N. J. Give Us a Trial. }
"testing varieties in extensive experimental orchards and grounds,maintained oar the purpose at considerable expense,has ,
been a leading feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay the Information afforded. Guided N. B.-We do not deal in ;,.
bv results obtained in our own rose pardcns.Tre have selected.Jjnd otter as especially veil 1 adapted to the climate of this region, unprinted B. II.

B I ES Ru 0. E SHandsome .I wrappers. Genera11Ianager.BAER, .'

,to-pageTruu growers annual am J-book,free and correct descriptions;40 accurate iIGNTMIKO CORRESPONDENT: ;
artistic illustrations i recent results with leading sorts;latest practice and best methods in culture and management. Send to tARGLST' \WELL MACRIMERYworb. I
I "
O. I*.TABER Glen St. MftTV. Fla., for new edition(eniar red and rewritten thronohoetl of the Cata1o.ne of tb' All kinds; of tools. Fortune for tee driller by urine:our SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK .

Adaptntineprooesscantake Artesian Pumping; Rios to core.work Perfected by Steam EconomICAl Air etc.- of Florida .
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES Let USheJP/ THE AMERICAN WELL WORKS, /'
Aaron, IIL Ohleaco) I1L Dallas Tex. SEND FOR STENC "<.'. '-
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,!:.' 786. ,_* % ',. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .,
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I r BEAN'S' ORANGE GROWERS'' SUPPLY HOUSE !




: .. 4, FERTILIZERS. ,,' ,
,,, .
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;i,. The Cincinnati Desiccating Company's Pure Bone Fertilizer,
. .
Manufactured from High-Grade Sulphate Potash and Pure Animal Matter,prepared by a desiccating process,which extracts the useless materials and moisture. Compounded according to formulas
especially adapted to the Florida trade. Analysis sworn to and guaranteed. Pure Ground Bone, Bone Meal,Cottonseed Meal and Agricultural Chemicals. ,*

COMPLETE SPRAYING MATERIALS.
COCCI DICIDE I :A material ABSOLUTELY FATAL to the alleyrpdes citri,or white fly,in all the stages of its development. Equally fatal to red spider,rust mites,their eggs,and to scale,with.
out reference to the hatching period. The largest;; growers are using it with satisfaction. '
THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE: Widely used and favorably known. '

SPRAYING MACHINERY.Automatic .

Spray Pumps, Hydraulic Spray Pumps, Bucket Brass Spray Pumps, Knapsack Sprayers, The Low Down Tank: Pump
The Nos..3 and 4 Climax Pumps, Tank Machines, Steven's Water Motors, Portable Engines for Irrigating and Spraying Purposes,
Pumps for General Use,House Force Pumps,Light Pumps for Wells, Wind Mill Regulator Force Pumps, Drive Well Points.
NOZZLESNixon: Nozzles, Myers Nozzles, Gem Nozzles, Cyclone Nozzles, Improved Verm orel Nozzles*

|.; ,.:: ". RUBBER GOODS. r '.

4. .-. '- ,, ,: Rubber Hose, Plain and Wire-Wound, Rubber Lined Cotton Hose, Hose Couplings. ..'.,. :
Hose Menders, Microscopes, Achromatic Triplets. ... ,,: ". ,
,, ''i.1';"' .",.;0;:.j' .
'- '
".::j:.? : ; AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. :

,
Butcher & Gibbs' Imperial Spring-Tooth Harrows, Imperial Spring-Tooth Cultivators, Imperial Heel U Bar Lever Smoothing Harrows,
'. ", One and Two Horse Wood and Heel Beam, Chilled and Steel Mold Plows, Coulters, Wheels,etc.

,
PACKING MATERIAL '"

.
,
Bangor Box Sides Veneer Cut Pine Sides ,:V.:'

',,:* Dry Pine Heads: Sawed Birch Hoops ',:::" .:'
?J :,.. Split Birch Hoops, Freshly Cut Green Mixed Hoops ".

': ': ;': Manilla and Colored Orange Wraps, _

:. Shelf* Paper Box Nails etc

Orange Sizers Orange Polishers Berry Cups and Crates Cabbage Crates Six-Basket Tomato -

and Fruit Carriers, Pineapple Crates Ladders. '.
*

CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. B AN, -if '

OFFICE. .AND, "' \..AREHOUSES. Ta.so"'iUe la. Afs.
F. & \\.VHARF. "" : .X1



TO THE ORANGE GROWERS FLORIDA.Having ;

1

been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement: '
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the, cheapest and best preparation yet offered to'the orange grower.
.
/ '
It JUtS never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as 'Vtf

other Insecticides have been throughout the State,

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayedjon;
the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis
very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow .
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever us w. "
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. x:,
These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. 2.

References and general directions for using furnished on application. ;| {
Write for, ,1-: _,*.-

PriceList.MoMASTER & MILLER, YU /. jL ,


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PER -GROWER. $2 PER
FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT YEAR.




-
Are the analysees of Prof. Hilgardand this as evidence to the fact that we Analyses of the Orange.
Grove Orchard.
g i others a proper basis on which to rarely use too much fertilizer for the Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.

Potash-Facts and Figures. fertilize ? health of the plant. On page 739 of Florida Agriculturist

7 Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: If they are, why not follow them ? P. H. ROLFS. in a quotation from the California
.
The three articles by Messrs. Mead, If not of what use are they ? -.*. Fruit Grower that is very interesting
Boone's Early Orange.
from the fact that it looks
Harvey and Von Herff in the THE If they are a proper basis on whichto upon Flor-
Rditor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER of No- fertilize, why should we pay $40.00per The most extensively advertised ida people as not knowing their own
for fertilizers business and then proceeds to give
ton high-priced, lop-sided -
.vember of value.
24 are very great 'of recent has been the
that to orange years us some advice, which is too late as it
yield
can only
The 400 442
information contained in them, "Boone's Early." This has been i
boxes of instead of $20.00for is old to us. Far the benefit of some
if heeded will the oranges,
save orange grow. pushed by the originator for all there
of the who have been discussing
symmetrical and complete fertil- people
ers of Florida an immense sum of was in it for the past two and
,
years the fertilizer
izer that furnishes all the elements for question of the
which is for fertiliz-
money now paid the sale of stock must have
boxes? should nursery orange, a few facts are here taken
565 Why we good
pay
ing elements not needed by our treesor proved a small bonanza. What do we
for phosphoric acid for 4,295 from Bulletin No. 17 of Florida Agricultural
fruit. money
really know of the merits of this
Mr. Mead is well known to our hor- boxes of oranges more than we have nitrogen ? Is the principal point claimedfor Experiment Station.
to make available ? Is it neces- orange The analysis represents some of the
ticulturists as a man of high and exact it, i. e., full maturity in October,
work of Profs. Pickell and Earl who
scientific attainments and of sary to buy with good honest money a
long, suc- or even earlier, a fact? That fruit
have
since severed their
fertilizer that contains three times as connectionwith
cessful and extensive in
experience is in
from the original tree good con-
the station.
Florida horticulture.Mr. much potash as ammonia, when our
dition to ship in October we will admit
Harvey is well known as a man analyses shows that the orange contains I P. H. ROLFS.
as we have eaten both bright and
Lake City, Fla.
of fine business capacity who has made more ammonia than potash ? russets the latter part of that month, The following varieties were usedin
the best orchard in Florida. Is it good economy to buy a fertilizer -
pear and would like some tangible evidence, making the determinations :
that contains to three times
two
What such consid-- as
men say maybe outside of advertised statements, thatit The varieties and localities -
acid ammonia represented
ered authoritative. I have not the much phosphoric as
is worthy of being cultivated for the
are Dancy's Tangerines Mandarins :
,
when these show that
honor of with.Mr.. analyses an or-
an acquaintance
distinct points of superiority ciaimedfor :
Majorca, Jaffa Parson's.Navel .
contains four times much ,
Von Herff, but his analysis of the ange as am- it. C. S. GOWEN. "?
Maltese Bloods, Imperial
orange taken from Prof. Hilgard monia as phosphoric acid? Crescent City, Putnam County, Fla.
Malta
Double Imperial sent on and
,
which all familiar with be- While these potash dealers are We that for three
( we were can only say yearsin

fore), in connection with the experience tightening- up- the screws, stop- and succession we have eaten oranges presented .*by-**- Rev. *.Lyman_ Phelps-,
---------- ----- ------- ------ -- Sanford
*-* | ; True Indian RIver and
of Messrs. Mead and Harvey, think sent to us in October, under the name
Foundling Indian River sent and
on
completely"knock the stuffing out of" Does any one dare to say (basinghis of Boone's Early, which were strictly ,
presented by ex-State Senator Williams -
the formulas on which most of our statement on either analyses or ex- first-class. And by this we do not of

fertilizers are compounded, and de- perience) that a ton of the "ideal" mean first-class in comparison with all [ Rockledge; the common
sweet, bitter-sweet and sour
molish and I trust silence forever the fertilizer named above will not produce 'other oranges ripening in October, in Lake orange
City. The gentlemen
grown
for as thrifty and healthy trees andas but in with other
parrot-like, comparison '
cry, "Nitrogen young any mentioned have our thanks for their ,
trees and potash ,and phosphoric acid many and as good oranges as the Florida orange at any season. They kind
co-operation.
other brands named in the
three same
for fruit"Accepting were not as sweet as most Florida

for the time being Prof. table? oranges become in February and EXHAUSTION OF THE SOIL BY THE

Hilgard's analyses, we find that a per- "Let there be light." March, but, to our individual taste, ORANGE.

fect and ideal fertilizer based thereon DUDLEY W.. ADAMS. they were all the better for that. As The followihg is the average approximate -
Fla., Dec.
should contain, phosphoric acid, 1.2 Tangerine-.-.3,1894.<. to the tree's habits of growth, its fruit- composition of the orange.

per cent; nitrogen, 4.52 per cent.; Orange Scale Away from Home.A fulness, etc., we know nothing. This average is made up from all the,

equal to ammonia, 5.47 per cent.; pot. correspondent in the orange belt varieties mentioned above:
Rough Lemon Stocks.
ash, 4.79 per cent. i sent us two samples of orange box- n nro7rarocnu zo7.
: Editor Farmer and I'ruit-Grower: cro: o "'n ere: =
A ton of this ideal fertilizer would of birch which 3a t!
(
hoops probably were
,
I have heard a good deal said in I'B HFU:
contain enough nitrogen, phosphoricacid encrusted with scale. ::
thickly Being : ; .
favor of lemon stock .O0... _
rough lately as t- n CS n
and potash for 565 boxes of or- forwarded to Prof. P. H. Rolfs, ento- n :. :. : .: w::!.n. .
.
being the best to bud all sorts of citrus toUJ . ann >: : p ,
anges and cost about $20.00.Mr. mologist of the State Experiment Sta- o-. : 5
fruits o : : : : : : > ;;:
Wishing to keep
Mead tells us that a ton ofMapes' tion they elicited from him the following -i upon. ' : : : : : -:
abreast of the times in orange culture oq .. .. a. .. .. .n.
contains for boxes
nitrogen 442 In justice to him it n .H.
response. and the above imformation not being : : : :. .
phosphoric acid for 4,737 boxes, be stated that .
should no explanationwas ..
definite enough to suit me, I take this
potash for 1,375 boxes. given of the source from which 5"a: : : : :
method to ask you if you can give me : : : :
of
The analysis Forrester, as made these .
samples came :
: : : '
some of- the leading points claimedfor j: '
the Florida State chemist shows
by Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. : : : : : : :: .
the lemon and in which
.. that a ton contains nitrogen for 426 DEAR SIR : Specimens of insects on rough '
boxes acid for boxes points they are superior to the sour : : : :
phosphoric 1,777 last week handin
twigs sent me came to ::
orange stock? Are they as regularand
5"o'
potash for 1,281 boxes. due time.
prolific bearers as the sour or-
The analysis of Simon Pure No. i, These insects belong to the genusMytilasf
? An answer from or
ange you
any
by the same, shows that one ton con- iS, usually known as oyster.
of subscribers will be
fully
tains nitrogen for 400 boxes, phosphoric shell bark-lice. The specimens on your ap .: so

acid for boxes and preciated. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. :M ,
.
pot these branches the "
1,912
two .
are same. . . .
.
J. H. SADLER. . . .
. . .
ash for 1,318 boxes. They can be killed by using strong Oakland, Fla. :: : . : . .
From these data I compile the following resin wash.I \OI. .M..Voo CO _
[REPLY BY A. L. DUNCAN.] : : > oi Jo 2 o g2b J* A -s
table number of .-.. /
showing .the do not recall statement that 0\ GDtnV .V A-fe.S
any Mr. J. H. Sadler's letter in regardto .. \ (S.V M VO VX 0o

boxes of oranges which are providedfor this particular species has been severe rough lemon as a stock on which to .:

in one ton of fertilizer : in Florida before. Can you tell me work.. citrus trees is received. .: vbo\ .
---- ---- -- ----- -- ----- ---
Phos. Acid. Nitrogen. Potsah more about their origin and introduc- After eleven years' experience with ...

for for for tion ? all kinds of stock, except citrus trifoli- .. .. .. ..
.
...... ......
Mapes' 4.737 4-42 1,375 P. H. ROLFS.
Forrester's....... 1,777 426 1,281 ata, in nurseries and groves,! am more .. ... : .: :. a
-.
Lake City,Fla. 8 8 .* ucnwOCAA .... vM
Simon Pure No I. 1,912 400 1,318 than satisfied that the rough lemon is .1 I I
Ideal..... ........ 565 565 565 A CORRECTION. ao W icon.cAW-a g V :: :. :.
superior to all others for the light
Uuused Unused Unused On page 758 of THE FLORIDA soils of South Florida.As Column (a) gives the percentage of

Surplus Surplus Surplus Potash FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER I was with the constituents in the fresh orange
PhosphoNitro- compared sour orange
ric Addgen.. made to say that one pound to the stock it is much as a whole, (b) those in the pure, dry
Mapes'...... ...... 4,295 ...... 233 of kainit had been used a more rapid grower -
.. ...... plant on cer- and is
Forrester's .... 1,351 55 equally as prolific.It ash.Different
Simon Pure,No. i. ...... 91Ideal tain tomatoes. In, referring to my of the same
.............. .1,512..... ...... .... is not altogether as free from oranges spe-
is
letter copy I find that the statement foot rot as the sour or bitter-sweet cies differ often very considerably in

I have selected these three brands this : Two pounds to the plant, one- stocks but is so nearly exempt that no composition. For example, the ash of

because they are recognized as stand half pound of it was kainit. one need hesitate to plant it in any the Navel, as grown and analyzed inCaliforniashows

ard goods. Let me say further that I do not soil suitable for citrus fruit growing.A. 47.5 to 55.3 percent

These figures lead me to ask some advocate the use of so much fertilizer, L. DUNCAN. of potash, 16.4 to 26.4 per cent. ,of

questions. especially of potash, but I simply cite Milwaukee Groves,Dunedin, Dec. 94. lime, 9.8 to 14.2 .per cent. of "phos12YEAR -

.
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788 'I" THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. : :.:: ;


LOCKHART LITTLE, President. .. J. E.: STILLMAN, Sec. and'Treas. '



LITTLE BROS. FERTILIZER AND PHOSPHATE CO ,



11 A1 TLIP'ACT nJI.Si OF .



a : HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS. ;. ,..\ .,
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...... .. .,, Y"0"" i'' '. .
Y
", ." .. ., Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. ., ,. .. ,.;. ..'a.y.: : :

L, .;., J ."'i\, .' :.a';'; '-'" .'' ....; .. :, :
-. .' :'
November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. ".*:V
** -*.)
.
;
.
p'
LITTLE BROS. LITTLE BROS.


Orange Planters True Value Number One," Orange Planters True Value Number Three,.". : J


Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.A .


I We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. Pamphlets I

and prices furnished on application. '


"
phoric acid, 4.2 to 7.9 per cent. of sulphuric Taihe being identical with Canner's ... Wonderful Natural Plant Food. For want of rain and nightly dews, for
acid. This difference is due Japan.All. miles around looked dead.
Mr. G. of Stewart'sRun
J. Bromley, ,
With blasted ears, enervate stalks and
,
to a great extent, no doubt, to differ- the above occurred several years writes .
Pennsylvania, us saying withered drought-writhed blades.
ence in soil, fertilization, climate, etc. ago, after we had been at work on the there is an agent going among the And this, although they all had fared oh
But it is a question if oranges from Japanese[ pears for some time, when farmers of that section taking orders composts of high grades-
different parts of the same tree mightnot I 10! a new horticultural "gem from the for Florida's "great Natural: PlantFood" While neighboring fields simply manured
differ in composition. It is also a sky is dropped down to beautify the with Natural Plant Food,
d. It is
at $19.00 a ton, c. o. the assumed
Despite long aridity, a regal
question whether or not different species earth, charm the sight, gratify the taste advertised in a "wonderful and most mood.Progressing.
if grown under uniform condi- and minister to the enjoyment of life." wonderful" circular, which one sideis in a way which drought
tions of soil, fertilization, climate, etc., The Japanese Golden Russet! A poetry and the other prose. We seemed powerless to balk, "
would exhibit characteristic differencesin good name-too good, we thought, for quote some of the former : As tho' they fain would" emulate the fairytale's -
the proportions of ash constituents.Our so poor a fruit-for no sooner had we bean-stalk.
analyses of the ashes give sulphuric read the description than we knew THE LIBRETTO OF THE NATURAL The poet assures us that "all the

acid 3.3 to 6.8 per cent.; aver- there was "another Richmond in the PLANT FOOD." crop was well" matured before a hurtful -.

age,4.86 percent; phosphoric acid, 7.5 field." It seemed to us to be rated "In Florida, for ages long, perdu in Na- freeze. <
to 9.8 per cens.;; average, 8.6 per cent.; I too high-unintentionally, no doubt, ture's womb, An Incomplete Experiment;
lime, 13 to 32 per cent.;; average, 22.77 for one's own child seems ever the fair- Quiescent lay a pregnant mass, impow- Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.An .
per cent.; potash, 42 to 59 per cent.; est. We wrote Professor Georgeson, ered to assume article, recently published in
average, 52 per cent.; magnesia, 3.5 who replied, June, 1891:_ Manural idealize vigors, mostcomplete, fit to the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER on

to 6.4 per cent.; average, 5 per cent.; I am surprised that Japanese pears The husbandman's unromanced thrift, "Interesting Experiments with Fertilizers -
soda, 2.8 to 5.5 per cent.; average, should be so highly praised. It is cer- which is to fertilize ," should certainly demand
4.26 per cent. tainly mistake, and can only resultin The soil, till,vitally enriched, it serves some reply, not only on account of

disappointment to purchasers,, when.. vegetal need, the misleading: effect such incomplete
--
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they learn the quality of the fruit. Japanese And dormant fecundates seed.embryon life within the experiments have on a great many
Japan Golden Russet Pear. have mission in this farmers of this who will not'
pears a coun- When Florida, amphibious, in water country
Japan Golden Russet (Taihe, Can- try as subjects for experiment and as was submerged, examine into the reasons for Mr. Har
ner's), is a vigorous, stocky grower, stocks, but have no business in the orchard Where'er a jutting rock or coral reef vey's failure to get a satisfactory increase
and of unparalleled productiveness. of the general fruit grower. Nor emerged, in his crop, but will accept the
Though producing "bushels and lots would they find a market if their qual- It aye strous became water-fowl the roosting place of mon- experiment as proving the statement

of them" the fruit will be sorely disappointing ity, as compared with our pears, was Such as for food on finny, tribes accus- that potash is not necessary on the
to all who care for quality.For known. I studied this fruit on its native tomed are to prowl. soil.The
some years we investigated the heath for four seasons, and thereis These birds deposed excrements vast in farmers who read this paper
Japanese pears; obtained all promisingsorts not a single variety that I would centuries of time, know that if you feed a horse on hay

here, also, seven years ago imported recommend anybody to plant here, Phosphorical carbonate, which of,lime leaching, throughthe and nothing else, and the horse be- _

a large lot from Japan. except for experiment or as a curiosity. By chemic action were resolved for farm- comes thin rather than fat, you have
Professor C. C. Oeorgeson, January, 'si ers' happy fate, no proof that hay is useless as a food.
1891: All the Japanese pears belongto A Lake Howell :Bushel.: Into the Natural Plant Food,' world. The same principle applies to feeding
one species. The fruit has scarcelyany Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. famed soft phosphate. crops. If you give them potash alone
Which seems, of all fair Florida's abund-
resemblance to our pears; in shape Our friend Swinhoe, of Lake How- ant treasure-troves, when nitrogen or phosphoric acid .are*
resembles an apple more than a pear; ell, gives us some very interesting figures Her palmary discovery-more than her deficient in the soil, you only .partially :--
in color a dull greenish russet, with i (?) while criticising me in THE orange groves, feed them, and can't expect to
yellow specks and rough skin, and in FARMER AED FRUIT GROWER of December Or bluelit skies or scented airs or irisated get good results. ..
quality coarse.grained and watery, i. streams." Mr. Persons* chemist of the Florida-,

without flavor or aroma. It has an at- Here is a sample. He says "a box Further along the poet becomes more Experiment Station, says that potash
tractive color and is sweeter than most is deficient in the soils of the
"
more
of oranges, in other words, a bushel. practical, or, so to speak, more.chem- I
others, and very juicy; but it is hard, In Tangerine a bushel contains 2-, I ical; he says the soft phosphate is State than any other element of plant
coarse, and without flavor or aroma. 150.42 cubic inches. An orange box richly moisture-laden, can the longest food ; nitrogen next, and phosphoricacid
On reading this we concluded that (not Jumbo) contains 3,456 cubic droughts withstand." Hear him : most abundant.
Taihe was identical, not only with,Can-I. inches, which is a trifle over 1.6 bush- Prof. Tracy of the Mississippi .Experiment -
net's Japan, as named by Dr. Whita- els. While ture as to a relate regimen for corn, we'll ven- Station says : "See that
ker, but also with the leading sort in soil contains plenty of humus
DUDLEY W. ADAMS. The effect of its use on crops in our Virginia -i your ,
our own importation,and so wrote Dr. Tangerine Fla., Dec S, 1894. State.Agriculturists and if it contains lime give it an
Whitaker him the article. He doubt will abundance of -
sending no mournfully potash, but if. it ;is
replied, February, 1891: Popularity of Home Sales. rememberThe deficient in lime, give: it both potash
Have read the article by Professor During the past week the Jacksonville prolonged drought which we endured and phosphoric acid." .
Fruit Auction Co. have received, sold and during last September,
Georgeson, which you kindly sent, and made returns for 4,300 boxes of oranges. When finely growing crops of corn on Prof. Scovell of Kentucky says_that
am confident that you are right about Fruit all sold in Jacksonville. foods commercial fed? potash"seems to do' more good:than ,
v, ..r

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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 789

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USE CHAPMAN & SUDLOW'S CELEBRATED FERTILIZERS* ,
>
. For Orange Trees, Vegetables, and Pineapples. Every kind of Raw Material. '


; .' <#2\> < 00 A

V
trees. For bearing trees. For young orange trees. Vegetable fertilizer.Ammonia .
Ammonia.For.bearing.........orange..... 4: to 5 percent. Ammonia...... ...orange.... 3 to1 per. cent. Ammonia............... I)to 6 per. cent. ................ I 5 to 6 per cent.
A'raUphos.acid......... 8tol0" Avail phos. acid .. ... 6 to 8. Avail phos. acid......... 7t08. Avail phos. acid ........ 6 to 8" "
Insol phos. acid......... 2 to 3" Insol phose acid........ 2 to 3 Insol phos. acid.. ...... 2 to 3" Insol hos. acid ........ 2 to 4 "*
Potash K20 ... ....... 10 to 12" Potush K20 ............ It to 16" Potash K20.. ..... .... 3 to 4.1: Potash K20.............. 9 to 10"* "
$38 per ton. $37 per ton. $34 per ton. $38 per ton.
MAI UFACTURED IN SOUTH JA.CI 0I 'V'ILLE. ALL ORDERS FOR THREE TONS AND OVER DELIVERED -
FREE A7:' .ANY DEPOT OR STEAMBOAT LANDING IN THE ST.ATE.

.
-
any other fertilizing constituent, and farming fraternity that he is right and '
the soils of Kentucky seem to be deficient his position impregnable, and that the Orange Trees "

; in potash, but have sufficient whole scientific world is wrong.
phosphoric acid. Our learned friend makes one great

These gentlemen did not find out mistake and '. gives the whole thing Lemon Trees !

what fertilizers were of benefit to the away" when he recommends soda,

soil by simply adding one ingredientto not as a substitute, but as a "solvent"for

see if they would get an increased the potash contained in the granitic

yield, but they conducted a series of rocks of New England. He says, "It The Old Reliable Nurseries
Buckeye
experiments, using the fertilizers is now known that with many soils

singly, in pairs and all three togetherto lime, magnesia and potash can be _

find what ones were deficient in the given to the crop by applying salt I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va
(common) or any other soluble sodium rieties. I have a specially fine lot Of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five
soil.Pears, for example, remove about compound to the land. It must, there- to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's: hard times, and propose to sell at

30 per cent of potash, 12 per cent of fore, be evident that the granite soils hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.
of New contain sufficient Write for prices.
nitrogen and 10 per cent of phosphoric England
acid from an acre of land every potash for any crop, if proper means M. E. GILLETT, Prop.,

year, so the available fertilizing ingre- be used to liberate it. This can be Weirsdale, Fla.

dients in the soil must gradually de- done by the application of soda ash,

icinish and the soil become worn out. a soluble soda compound which not RIBERA PECAN GROVE AND PECAN NURSERY

If Mr. Harvey will carry on a only renders the potash in the soil ,

series of experiments, plowing under available to the growth of plants, but On Blackwater Bay opposite Bagdad Santa Rosa County Florida.

leguminous so as to fill his soil to a certain extent at least will substi-
crops
with humus and then try phosphoricacid tute soda for it." So after all there PAPER SHELL PECANS. ONE YEAR OLD TREES.

and potash, singly and together, has been much ado about nothing." 1894--PRICE-LIST: AND BUSINESS RULES.
he will be able to find out which Our worthy professor places potash
where it of Seed nuts at one cent per nut. Table nuts at fifteen cents per pound. One year old trees,aver-
fertilized rightfully belongs as one
gives the best yield, the. green age 6 to 12 inches high, at 5 cents per tree;$40 per thousand. Terms cash with order, in money
portion, the potash portion, the the leading and indispensable elementsof order on Bagdad post-office, or registered letter. Postage must accompany orders by mail,or same
will be deducted from the order. Orders carefully packed and shipped{ as directed. Transit charges -
phosphoric acid portion or that por- fertility, and also rightfully placeshis to be paid by purchaser on receirt of order. No responsibility after shipment. Absence of
tion containing all the fertilizers. He dearly beloved soda, not as a sub- shipping direction will ship by express. Instructions for planting, cultivating, etc., cheerfully
from December to March.
the
given purchasers requested. Planting season Earlier better.
will then know what that particularsoil stitute for, but as a solvent of, potash.Its .
,
ARTHUR BROWN P. O. Box No.4 Bagdad Florida.
contains or is deficient in; but action as a solvent is primary,

will have no evidence whatever as to while its secondary action, that of a
the properties or requirements of substitute for potash, depends exclu- TO GARDENERS, FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, &c.JLANT .

other soils. sively upon its solvent powers and not

L. G. PATTERSON. upon its inherent essentiality in plant TDV

Washington Pa. nutrition. In our humble opinion, it ,

... would be well enough for our learned

Is Soda a Substitute for Potash ? city farmer professor to go backward I U I BED = CLOFEE
long enough to take just a short lesson -
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: For winter use and prove that it is the cheapest and best protection from frost.
in the first principles of agriculture Used by thousands. Also
Prof. Andrew H. Ward of Boston

has been at considerable pains in trying plant, nutrition.the physiology G. of H. TURNER.plants and TENTS # COVERS.
'
to induce the agriculturists of -
Burgess Miss.
America to believe that soda be .-.
may Circulars, Samples, Etc., Etc.
Two of my neighbors have about
made to answer all purposes as a fertilizer -
now filled by the various salts made a grove trade. "A" has a grovea National Water-Proof Fibre Co
few of the trees just beginning to
of potash, viz., muriates and sulphatesof
bear-but has the wherewith
not to
potash, kainits, etc.Soda SO South S1::.. 1 Te'W Yorl;.
.. fertilize. "B" proposes to take the
is nowhere recognized as essential -
grove until 1900, fertilize and care for
to plant growth and development -
The Old and Reliable
it for two-thirds of the fruit. "A" is
nor as a substitute for potash;
the infinitessimally small quantity of sure of good growth, twice what he MAGNOLIA NURSERIESHave
would obtain without and I
soda and the large quantities of pot- I fertilizing, for sale Fifty Varieties of Orange Grape Fruit and Lemon Trees. Among the choicest are
ash found in the major portion of believe one third of the fruit will be Maltese Straight, Red Dancy Tangerine, Hart's Tardiff. Pineapple,
vegetation effectually precludes all more than all would be without a fertilizer Boone's Early, Jaffa, Dulcissima,Paper Rind St. Michael, St. MIchael -
while "B" has Blood Satsuma and Kumquat Orange Marsh
King
of the substitution to give heavy ,
possibility theory fertilizing to get his money back. I Seedless, Walters, Josselyn, Aurantium and Tri- '
being true. We have seen too many umph Pomelo. One to three year Buds,
will await the outcome of this
barren corn stalks in the fields, too experi- Finest in the State.
ment with deal of interest.-
a good
many tuberless potato vines, too many BUD-WOOD FURNISHED AT ANY TIME. Address
Bartow C-I.
unfruitful vines, shrubs and trees that t-O-4 J. W. & F./D. WAITE, Belleview, Fla
were made fruitful and prolific by a Mr. Tyler, who lives on Lake Gor-

judicious and liberal application of don, informs us that his guava crop is CIRCULARS OF

potash and phosphates to believe in just beginning to ripen, and that he

any such nonsensical rubbish. Why will have about one hundred bushels. SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain

does not our learned professor move The guava crop usually ripens in Au-

out into the country and by experi- gust, but a hail storm destroyed the
a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
ment and practice demonstrate the young fruit last May and the trees put Family, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown and tested by us
fact in the field. and not at the desk, on another crop, which is just ripen- in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of

that soda is a cheap, reliable and cepa- ing. So much for a country that produces The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States.

plete substitute for potash Then, every month in the year.-Fort
Send{Iforcirculars. Address
R. jgr. PIBRO
and not till then, will he convince the Meade Pebble. sunset: Hill Lake Co.,Fix,: _
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790.- THE FLORIDA FABMEB AND FRUIT\GROWER.
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WILSON & TOOMER, A FERTILIZER FOR FRUITOne WILSON & TOOMER,

.
The Fertilizer House of Florida, that will create and make bloom, mature and sweeten the fruit. The most successful The Fertilizer House of Florida

CROP-PRODUCING FORMULA on the market to-day. Note analysis, (no ,

Jaol sonvilles F1a. rock phosphate used). Ja.okso1 ri11 e, FIn.0 o
:
o

.
Best Crop in Twenty-Three Years.M. H. J. BAKER & BRO.'S -

T.J. HILL, Maitland Pla.,writes under date
Sept.24,1894: A Large, Smooth, Bright Crop.
"The H. J. BAKER &BRO 's Complete Orange Tree Manure I Tree Manure.
used last December I consider a great benefit to my old orange Complete Orange DANIEL FOLEY, Killarney, Fla in letter Sept. 21, 1894, writes:
trees. I used about one ton to 140 trees. I have been in the or- "The H. T. BAKER&; BRO.'S Complete Orange Tree Manure
ange business about twenty-three years,and I have the best crop I O which I purchased of you last season has given me perfect satis-
have ever had." faction. I have a larger crop than ever before, and a greater proportion
Sworn and Guaranteed Analysis: of the fruit is smooth and bright than in past seasons.

More Fruit This Year Than in Three Years.D. Moisture ................ ...................... "10 to 13 per cent. Bright Fruit, No Insects.S. .
Ammonia derived from Sulphate of Am- S. WOOD, Fruitland Park, Fla.,states Sept. 21, 1894:
A. MORRISON, Maitland Fla ,writes Sept. 26, 1894 : monia and Organic Matter....... ...... 3 4o-loo to 4 "I have used the H. J.BAKER &BRO.'S Complete Orange Tree
"The H. J. BAKER &Bro.'s Orange Tree Manure I bought of Available Phos.Acid from Dissolved Bone... 4 to 5 Manure the past two seasons with good success. My trees are in
you last fall gave me as good satisfaction as I could wish and I Insoluble Phos. Acid from Guano, etc........ i to 1 good condition. Fruit bright and both very free from insects."
expect to use it this fall. I have more fruit on my grcve this year Equivalent Pure Bone Phos. Lime..... .... n to 17 "
than in the past three seasons,and I attribute it to the use of H. Potash, Actual, from Sulphate of Potash only 10 to 12 "
J.Baker& tfro.'s Complete Orange Tree Manure." Magnesium Sulphate Chloride etc.,Calcium o
Sulphate Organic Matter, etc ............ 64 to 72 '.

,
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PRICE, $39.00 per Ton: m: Bb1s., $38.00 per Toll: Sae1 s.

f&- We are, however,just as ready to make any special formula, at lowest possible prices,as to sell agricultural chemicals, fertilizer materials,ground tobacco
blood reading and, send bone for, cottonseed copy. meal, potash etc., Because we Carry Them All in Stock. We don't own a newspaper and our space is limited. Our "Oranges, Tropical Fruits stems,and Kentucky Vegetables"tobacco is stems worth,

ILSON & TOCXIVI15R,
Ja.o1ir:Sol:1"'VJ.11e.: FlorJ.d.a. 'raE
FERTILIZER HOUSE OF FLORIDA.


The Dairy. the cheese I could make at twenty are the small hardy cow of the mount- only the richest,but produces the finest
cents per pound, you will see that the ainous district, and the larger and natural-colored butter, not only in
milk that will make one pound of but- softer breed of the warm and sheltered summer when in pasture, but in the

Cheese-Making- a Hot Climate. ter, which I sold at thirty cents, valley, differing widely in color and barn in winter on dry feed; and so

Having read the articles in your brought me about fifty cents in cheese.I structure, but always possessing the marked is this trait that a Jersey cow's

paper recently on cheese-making, I wish to say to the small farmers who same docility and gentleness of disposition milk, if mixed with the milk of two or
will give you my experience. WhenI live in the country and make "coun- which is a natural trait of the three other cows, imparts a delicate
was a boy and lived in the far north- try butter," for which they receive little Jersey and makes her the pet of change of color and flavor, and thus

east of this country, I used to help twelve and a half cents to twenty the dairy. enhances the value of the entire product -
my mother make cheese in very much cents per pound, procure a cheese- One of the principal characteristicsof of the dairy.

the same manner as your correspond. making apparatus. There is always a the Jersey is her persistent and con- 3. Jersey butter is very easily
ent has described. It did very well good demand for cheese at not less I tinuous milking qualities even when churned, even in midwinter, and always -

in those days, but with the improve- than fifteen cents per pound whole-I, very young. To illustrate from per- commands a ready sale and the
ments of to-day I should hardly wishto sale. Grow less cotton ; more corn, sonal experience: The writer boughta highest prices at all seasons of the
advise any one to use that method. sorghum, peas, potatoes, etc. Plant Jersey heifer that had been in milk year.

Last spring, having more milk than I Bermuda grass for pasture ; get good about five months and was supposedto WAYS AND MEANS.

could sell to my customers here, I cows and hogs, feed and care for them be pregnant, but in the spring, when How can farming be made to ?
thought I would try cheese making.I well ; make first-class butter and she should have been near her time of is still and pay
an open question to
cheese, and will soon have no it became that she I many
procured one of Armstrong's family you calving, apparent thousands of farmers it will continueto
cause to complain of hard times. The not with calf. She continued
cheese-making apparatuses at a cost of was to be "the unknown quantity in an in-
time will soon come when Texas will from five six of milk
$12,50 including freight. This is a give to quarts tricate problem" until some means is
very simple apparatus adapted; to the not grow four cent cotton to get moneyto per day throughout the summer and devised by which the winter season
wants of farmers who keep from two I, buy Northern bacon, butter and winter, falling off to three quarts when can be made
sufficiently profitable to
.. cheese. I believe this is the grandest about six weeks from
to ten cows. It will make. from two only calving, meet at least the household
to ten pounds of cheese at each oper- dairy State in the Union.I and never going dry, even for a single the farm, instead of consuming expensesof in,
ation.;> The milk is heated by a coal- should have stated that no one day; and not only so, but her milk winter what is made in is
summer as
oil lamp which is easily kept under should make cheese in the South in continued to make the finest quality of too often the case at present.In ,
warm weather without using a flyproof butter the last she milked
control. The management of the heatis to day was the humble opinion of the writer
the secret of success in making dressing to protect from the skippers. only ten days before calving. Thus, the most feasible solution of this prob-,

good cheese. The weight of the apparatus Any inquiries will be cheerfully an- for fully twenty-three months a heifer lem will be found in winter butter-
is so light that a lady can swered by inclosing stamp and ad- that had had but one calf continuedto that
making, so dairying shall becomeone
easily move it. It can be set in the dress.-Texas Farm and Ranch. milk, and no difficulty was exper- continuous industry throughoutthe

kitchen or pantry, and can be at- f ienced in churning the butter throughout and a sure and certain source
year,
Why the Jersey Cow Must Become the entire winter. Since
tended to while attending to her house- calving of profit to everY farmer who will keep
hold duties.. It is much easier than Popular. 1 last cnr1nO", b"' this cow has continued to with his- J ------ -- --- -- ---
---- pace neighbor. The exportof
making butter.I The Jersey cow, which until recently give from eight to ten quarts of milk butter will then become one of the
would not like to bother with pre- was generally considered "more : per day, and to make from six to eight leading exports of this vast country.

paring rennets when I can buy tabletsof ornamental than useful," is fast be- pounds of butter a week. This will take time, care and study,
"rennetine" already prepared. Tab- coming a general favorite, not only as When the writer brought home this if our export of butter is to reach the
lets to make ten pounds of cheese cost a family cow, but as a valuable ad- heifer (having bought her at an auc- high state of perfection already at-
but one cent and a half, and by know- junct to the dairy. The old time objections tion at a mere nominal price) there tained by our cheese; and before this

ing the number of pounds of milk you as to her being very delicate was a strong opposition manifested to- result is accomplished we shall hear

have you know exactly how many : and requiring extraordinary care do wards the little Jersey, and, as com- less about the cost of raising a bushelof
tablets to use. Printed directions are not apply to the animals raised in this pared with the large native cows, she wheat or growing a bushel of pota-

furnished with each apparatus for .country, where they have to contend did look very insignificant; but in less toes, and much more about the cost of
making cheese of the finest quality, with the extremes of heat and cold of than a week the little Jersey, like Sam I producing a: quart of rich, yellow

so that a beginner is sure of success.I our northern climate, and live on the Slick's clock, had become a household cream, capable of being convertedinto
used the milk from Holstein cows, same kind of food as the other cows I necessity, had made friends with every- thefinest quality of butter. Then

and it took from ten to eleven poundsof in the herd or dairy. Doubtless some body, and now "none but Jerseys will one of the most potent factors in

milk to make one of cheese. It cows are more hardy than others, and need apply." contributing to the wealth-of this coun-

took from twenty-six to thirty poundsof this applies to cows bf any and every A few reasons why the Jersey must try be found in the Jersey c6w.- Prize
the same milk to make one poundof breed as much as to the Jersey. Evenin become popular, and is destined to be- Essay, by Thomas Clarke.
butter. From eight to nine poundsof the Jerseys imported direct from come the dairy cow of the future. .
Jersey milk will make one of cheese, their native home, a little island from I. Being smaller, they consume a
and from sixteen to twenty pounds to whence they derive their name (beingone third less food at least, and a saving in bm XOB; Cold IBBITATIOK or use of OF the THE voice THBO AT"Brown's caused

make one of butter. of the Channel Islands, a small food is a saving of dollars. Bronchial Troctw" are exceedingly ben
Now, as I had a ready sale for all group on the coast of France), there 2. The cream of the Jersey is not f ficial. "


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791 ::
THE FLORIDA FARMER ;AND, FRUIT-GBOWEE..' ; ", -
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Light; Brahmas., POULTRY :=:
Poultry. POPULAR FARM
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: ;,

0- I was told some little time ago that APOPKA FLORIDA. :, '
Edited by S. S.DeLANOT, Apopka, Fla. Florida was not adapted for the ,suc- .,. ,"
... ....
*'- -y- *-* >- -*- > > <- of the Press
cessful.raising of the above breed, but Opinion .

Write! We want you to sit down being disappointed in a poor hatch of w The Vice-President of the Florida Poultry As
and write sociation and editor of the South Florida Home "
something for the ,Poultry some Plymouth Rock eggs I bought,
makes the following comments on the exhibitat
Department as soon as you finish and hearing of a lady that made a South Florida Fair: .

reading this. Our readers want to specialty of the Light Brahmas, decided The next In order comes the Popular Poultry

know your experience with ,the breed- to go to her place,'was delighted, Farm, Apopka,S. S. DeLanoy, proprietor, with
one trio each of angshans, Indian Games,
ing and management of poultry. A invested in two sittings and ,placed White Leghorns and Black Minorcas-and four
mutual exchange of experience is under hens and the :
a two on twenty- better trios were seldom seen. The Indian
benefit to all concerned. Write us first day had twenty-one little fluff Games were the best we have ever seen and

about your success in all the different balls. I raised every one of them, easily won the blue card,as did the White ,Leg-

branches of this industry, and do eight cockerels, thirteen pullets; not horns and Minorcas. The angshans ought to
have had the first,but through an oversight of
not be afraid to write about your one was ever sick or droopy from any
the Judge it was given to A pair that were dis
failures also; maybe others can avoid cause; were hatched in April, com- qualified.The .

failures by your relating where you menced to lay in December. I sold I, above,coming from a breeder of experience --
,is worth the attention of all who
contem-
made a mistake, or where successful. one pullet, mated eleven to one of the plate the purchase of fowls or eggs.

State all the facts and don't be afraidto cockerels,and the other to a Plymouth, Send stamp for catalogue.

write ; if anything is wrong about Rock, which cross 'made fine, plump,
S. (s. DeLANOY9 PROP.
your copy we will put it in shape for quick-growing broilers. The eleven

publication., How many hens do laid 880 eggs up to May 1st, five sitting

you keep ? How many varieties? during.that time. In no case did they TUB

How many yards, and pens and how remain longer than three weeks with '

are they arranged ? What is the 'the.chicks, and when one left twelve $1000 DANDY BONE CUTTER.

most profitable breed according to turkeys at that tender age I expectedto

your experience ? What success do lose them, but did not. I have Sold for the low price ofTEN

you have with hatching? If you use found them the hardiest of any. Out

an incubator, tell us how well you of the twenty-one last, and seventy- DOLLARS f. O. b.>

like that way of hatching. five this, year only one had sorehead, It is strong and ,well-made, and easy to operate. Has_ .

Send us an article as soon as possible although.as little chicks in the same automatic feed.
CIRCULARS '''FREE.
others are waiting to see it. yards with the others. Again this

We mean you. year I, sent to Georgia for the Duke of A. J. AIDRJCH, Agent for Florida,
Box 493, Orlando, Florida.
,S. S. DELANOY.Hatch York strain. Out of nine eggs eight. 0 .

t 4 hatched ;j' raised seven ; one did not I

Early: look quite right after a, severe wind Table Poultry.We crosses exhibited, Indian Game and

storm ; brought it in the house, placedin are indebted to ,the Field, Lon- Dorking were certainly the best. A

If your yearling hens have been a box on top of my incubator that I don, England, for the following report huge pair of cross-bred Langshan and

laying, or your, extra early hatchedones was going at the time. In some way : of table poultry at the 1894 Royal Wyandotte were ,shown, but they

broody ones will soon be found, the box turned over on it, and I found Agricultural Society Show, held at were too old and had wedgeshapedbreasts.
if not already on hand and setting
it smothered the The
next mornig. The Cambridge, England: Wyandotte-Cochin ,cross
will be in order. Some
eggs peopledon't seven, like the others, have never had There were six ,classes for table was poor, and coarse in'the bone.

believe in early hatched, chicks, the slightest sickness. So I cannot see poultry. First came a couple of pul- In the class for cross-bred pullets,

but for all that ,let me tell you to, why they are not all right for this cli- lets: of any pure breed; then a pair of all the prizes went to Indian Game
hatch rather than late. Wewouldn't
early, mate. You have to be more particular cockerels and a pair of pullets, cross- and Dorking. ..

give a picayune for nine- about vermin, as they are so closely bred, followed by a pair of pure-bred The ducklings were in two classes.In .
tenths of the late hatched chickens in
feathered., As to feed it is just the ducklings, and a pair of cross-bred. that for pure-bred, the first and
this State. The rains hot weather
same as all the breeders use. I do In these six classes there were 54 en- second prizes were awarded to Ayles-
and insects are, rather too much for .
not use six sacks of corn a year, but tries. The birds in all cases were sent burys, and third to Pekin.
very young chicks, and even if they wheat and mashes and In the cross-bred .
oats only alive, killed by a person appointed by ducklings, all the
do pull through they are apt to be a twice a day to my laying hens, whilst the society, and the prizes awarded to prizes went "to Aylesbury and Pekin
stunted undersized: lot. .
\ strict regard to cleanliness is observed; them,after they had been plucked. cross. .
Again, if you want eggs when the fresh water two or three times a day. Taking the birds in detail, in the The Dorking, England's! great table

hens are on the strike and moulting, A. M. G. class for pure-bred cockerels, the first, fowl heretofore, seems to be losing
the will ,.furnish
early pullets probably
4 prize went to a pen of Indian Games; ground. The Indian Game and
them providing have done ,
you your Leaves and Litter. they had the recommendations of be- American varieties of Wyandotte-
part by having kept them growing
from hatching to the nest. Chickensthat We regard leaves and litter, in whichto ing very plump and of great weight. Plymouth Rocks are gaining in popu- .
The second prize went to. a pen of larity. We hope in ,the near future
scratch the feed.
have been once stunted by underfeed as important as
Wyandottes, that were not plump and to give the Rhode Island ExperimentalStation's
improper feeding; neglect or No.flock of hens will ever prove profitable ;
the third to a of Old English report on crosses, whichis I
if and pen
insects, never will catch up and make kept up given no exercise -
that white and of a valuable one to all interested .
Game
and ,will not have were plump persons
the fowls,like those that have.received they an opportunity in cross-bred fowls for table
the proper attention., ,Feed for to exercise unless they are supplied good quality.In .

growth and keep them growing and i with litter. The matter of keep- the pure-bred pullets, the first purposes. t .

you will be paid by early laying pul-- ing the hens at work was overlookedin again went to Indian Games, that The Paine Fertilizer Company, of Jacksonville -

former times. The hens that were were very plump, fatter than most of ,,Fla., have again decided to prepare -

lets.Hatch Brahmas, Cochins, Lang- well treated, apparently, were shut up the birds exhibited.The for their customers that excellent
Ground
shans, Indian games and other heavy and fed like pigs in a pen to be fat- second prize was awarded to them several Stock years.Food ago,they as there obtained has been,for

breeds as early in the season as you tened, idleness inducing dis Colored Dorkings, a large pair, that since such a constant demand for it and

can get the, sitters. Leghorns, Minor ease. It is safe to say that even when apparently were good. The third also earnest request that they should again

as, Hamburgs and other quick the hens are turned out to roost on went 'to a pair of Dorkings. The'reserve place it upon the market.-Ad.
.
.
feathering varieties can be hatched the trees, and receive but an occasional number was placed upon a Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder

and reared successfully later than,the meal other than the food picked up, couple of Wyandotte pullets. World's Fair Highest Award.
Asiatic, but even they must be they are better off than hens that are The two classes for cross-breds fol

hatched two months earlier than re- kept in idleness and imprisonment. It lowed. In that for cockerels, the

quired in ,the North: to do their best. may be that we devote; a great deal of first prize went to a pen of cross-bred, HATCH CHICKENS BY STEAMWITH

S. S. DELANOY.: space to this subject in our many is Indian Game and Dorkings; these EXCELSIOR THE INCUBATOR.MODEL

sues, but it is because we know it is birds were white in the skin, but Thousands In Successful

an important'one, more so'than feed- coarse. The second prize was awardedto '""", Operation.SIMPLE .
i ;
PERFE07i.alld
HEW PCATALOGUE ing, and for: that reason we say get all a pair of Indian Game and Lang- .., .. Guaranteedtohatche SELF.REQ VLATIN(}.

AND Contains OTerlaOflne ufaitratlont.show. the leaves you can, and )have the floor shan; they were very large for ,their 'Inrler percentage of

west.ing m photo Gtne of beet the plan.largect for hennery***t* 1+w p in oUMle the Covered six inches deep with them, age. The third:went to a crossbred Lowest Pint class priced than fertUeeggs.any other at lees Incubator'coat,'.

sure T&luablo remed tea and recipes for on aU the dIeeaws kitchen. and the hens :will be kept busy and Indian Game and Plymouth Rock, Hatcher made. Send6c.forIllns.Catalog.Circular Free.
also *M V************* GEO.II.8TAHL.114Uiaa
and flower garden eent for only 10 oenta.Jcta the whole winter bright yellow. Of the numerous. 8.6&1a8t..Qallley. L
Swicler,Jr.,P.0.Bet 81 freepprt,ZU. lay eggs.during very : .



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792. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. '

-
Florida Fruit Exchange. very large fruit, russets, unsound and The Effect of Atmospherio Conditions Awarded ..
Upon Fruit. .
.
good fruit. Highest Honors-World's PaDR
Whether our seasons have under- -
Semi-Weekly' Market' Report. The next sale will occur on Friday gone a change, or a portion of a warm ;

JACKSONVILLE, Dec. 8, 1894. Dec. 14th. All growers,who do not cycle has covered Florida during the
wish their fruit put in the auction salesat last and so far the present season, we
A,careful review of the advices by
unable but do know
Jacksonville, will please advise the are to say; we
mail and wire, received since ours of that we have not had in many years ICE3 b
Exchange by letter at once.
December 5th establishes bare fact such unfavorable conditions for ship-
We believe that while at this initial
fruit. A and moist tem-
that markets are in fairly good shape. ping high
sale the fruit did not go very high, perature, lasting for weeks, seems to
Prices: in fact the CREAM
are not high
aver-
; yet, with an ample supply of good have the effect of generating decay in
ages of recent sales are lower than the best and soundest
packed -
fruit, buyers will be attracted and bet- apparently
,sales of the preceding week, but we ter results secured.JACKSONVILLE fruit. All fruit ought to carry well BAKING

are convinced that prices are all thatwe up to February, but the fact is that

can expect, quality and condition FLA., Dec. 12, '94. since about November io very much
'
of our fruit has been showing decay
. of fruit considered. to the of POWffli
being Owing heavy percentage
when arriving at the docks in North-
There is no doubt of the fact thatan decay in all fruit recently sold, it is a em cities.

exceedingly large proportion of receipts very hard matter to determine as to On one day, November 30, fruit MOST PERFECT MADE

during past two weeks showedan what prices can be obtained in the was reported at both New York and A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Rm
in bad condi- from Ammonia,Alum or any other adult
Philadelphia as arriving
unusually heavy percentage of de markets to-day. Almost every line
40 YEARS THE STANDARD,
tion "all samples showing more or
The of fruit in this week's sales far ,
from all
cay. same reports come so "
:less rot, and some very bad. The
points to which we send_ the fruit and showed decay, the bulk of the fruit weather during the previous week in the
evaporing watery portion from
we find many lots even here in Jacksonville being in very-bad shape. Our agents Florida had been warm and sultry, the rind. To do-this, the grove boxes

showing the blue, moldy rot express surprise at this, and report with foggy weather in the morning.The should be so arranged, one above the.

as reported from other points. that they do not. remember of ever man who will invent a process of I other and in tiers,. so as to give free ,
fruit from climatic
these
We have no trouble in placing having noticed such wholesale decay protecting circulation of air. If put into the
conditions will be a public benefactor bins for
arrangement good ventilationmust
sound, choice brights at 1.85 .io 2.25 before. and will gain a handsome returnif be observed. .

for best sizes. The same fruit, unsound Shipments have increased duringthe he can substantiate the remedy.The The weather for gathering shouldbe

commands from 1.25 to 1.50, past week fully one hundred per fact that foreign fruit" kept a dry. The weather cannot be reg--

according to per cent of rot. Ordinary cent and it looks now as if there is a long time, makes a long voyage andis ulated, but its condition has much to
landed in New York in
bright and russets, sound, are glut in prospect at some points in the good condition, indicates either tolerably better do with the The carrying qualities of the
of the
bringing 1.40 to 1.60 for best sizes. near future, consequently we have to natural keeping qualities in the fruitor orange.packing house should temperature be about 70 degrees -

Poor stock of large size brights and caution shippers to curtail their ship- better handling and preparation, or,. and the air dry.

russets, 96 and 126 sizes go at 50 ments at least one half for a few days. what is very likely, drier and more The fruit should remain in packing

cents to 1.05 when sound. Some To give an idea as to the volumeof favorable atmospheric conditions. houses from two to seven days, according -
There may be, and probably is, some
lots are very rough and scaly. fruit going forward, the receipts at difference in the carrying quality of gathered.to its stage of maturity when

Tangerines, if strictly fancy, range one point (New York) last week were the fruit grown in rich hammock land Before packing, the oranges shouldbe

$1.70 to $2.30 per half box, the small 59,600 boxes. Other markets are and that grown on pine land, but the carefully assorted according to size

sizes going lower. Ordinary grades receiving equally heavy lots in pro- hammock land fruit is generally much color and quality. All imperfect or

bright and rusty, slow sale; 75 centsto I portion to their capacity.We brighter fruit. and handsomer than pine land bruised fruit should be rejected. We

half box. consider that box is believe all oranges should be wrapped.
$1.25 per 2.25 per Bright, clear, cool weather, about Experience has clearly demonstratedthe
Mandarins are not active, but fancy the maximum price of good, sound, 50 or 60, is the best for carryingfruit necessity for wrapping. Do not

good sizes bring fairly satisfactory re- choice brights to-day, and to bring and well ventilated cars or ships dump the fruit into boxes carelessly.Pack .
sults from this the fruit be about will,in cool weather, put fruit in mar-
$1.05 to 1.60 per half figure must 176to close and firm, so that the fruit
box. 200 count. Same fruit, 126 to 150 ket in good condition. But, of course, will not have room to tumble about in
size will command from 1.60 to the owner of a large grove cannot an the boxes and get bruised.-Fruit Ex- '
Satsumas sold this week at $1.30to ,box 1.90 ticipate the weather a week ahead,and change Circular.

$1.55 per half box for best stock. per has to take his chances of loss from .
fair sell
to
Tangerines
good, 1.30
Grape fruit continues firm for good to 2.70 per half box. bad weather. Potatoes and Vegetables.

quality; $2.50 to $4.00, according to Mandarins, 75 to 1.15 per half box. Gathering i the< Fruit. Trade in foreign potatoes is not .as
LemonssellinQ' S) to $1; formidable as would appear according -
size. ] ro on per ------------ --
-------- --
------0 T--J- TJ--- Orange growing for profit embracesa to the implications of such tradersas
Lemons averaged about $2.30 per box.Grape wide of circumstances and
fruit $1.40 for small range are more than willing to depress
box. Most of the stock is size poor conditions that make
large up a lengthy prices. At the leading of
stock to $2.75 and $3.50 for best size port entry
and consequently not desirable. and quality.So history, reaching from planting to the receipts are pitifully small when
far as are concerned receipt of returns. It is the purpose placed in comparison with the actual
EXPORT oranges
SALES.
,here to discuss only that portion of consumptive demand. During the
sales this week show that by far the
We have no reports since last issue. greater proportion of the fruit sold at I the history that relates to harvestingand first 19 days of November barely 17-
Advices do not indicate sufficient improvement preparation for market. 615 bushels foreign
$1.50 per box and under, hardly potatoes were received
The of the fruit when
at Boston valued
appearance
at $3,839.
to warrant shipments. twenty-five cent. went to $1.75
per
and offered for sale has much to do in deciding The receipts at New York were even
Shipping dates from Jacksonville, over. the question as to whether it I' smaller. During the first 16 days
While feel that full
we we can
Dec.. 9th, i3th and 16th. market prices at present for get all the has been grown for profit or loss. To only 6150 bushels! foreign potatoescame

HOME AUCTION SALES. fruit we receive, quality and condition sell for the best price, fruit must be in,.valued at $2,605, and during
sound and attractive in appearance.To that period there were actually ex-
considered still we believe\ the inter-
In accordance with ,
the wishes
ex- insure soundness the
est of all is best served whenwe greatest care ported 12,073 bushels or just double.
pressed by many of the patrons of the again growers advise lighter shipments fora must be observed in all stages of the The imports during October, whichwas

Exchange, the general manager was few days. harvest, as well as in the packing. It about the first month of any con-

directed to commence auction sales at is well to bear in mind-that which sequence, were only 9601 bushels at
EXPORT SHIPMENTS. will break an egg will spoil an or- New York, valued at $4555, while at
Jacksonville as early in the season as Cable just in advises of sales at both the same time exports were 62,038

seemed advisable.The London and Liverpool to-day, the ange.When first clipped from the tree the bushels or sixfold the imports. Dur-

first sale was held on the 7th average being 8 shillings at each fruit should be placed in a basket or ing the first 20 days of November

at the S., F. & W. Ry. warehouse, place, the range being 6 to 11 shil- bucket. From this receptacle it Philadelphia imports were exactly 5

when upwards of 800 ,boxes were soldat lings and 6 pence. should be taken by hand and placedin bushels, worth $2. This official
Future shipping dates from Jacksonville grove boxes, not poured into their showing, as a result of close investi--
prices ranging from 40 cents to Dec. 13th, 16th, 2oth; and then carried carefully to the packing- gation, confirms our statement in this

$1.35 per box, inclusive of culls, 23d. house, then cured. Curing means column a week ago, and holders of

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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. "793



per i68-lb. sk, German 1.50 to 2.00, State News.Mr. Cabbages are growing rapidly at

Me. Hebron 1.75 per bbl, L. I. Rose Evinston, some measuring as muchas

1.75, N. J. i.oo to 1.50, N. Y. in nine inches across.
Someillan the well-known
t WomenAre' bulk 1.37 to 1.62 per i8o-lbs, N. J. cigar.maker, of Tallahassee, will be Oranges are moving from here
sweets 1.25 to 2.25, Va. i.oo to 1.25. briskly and satisfactory pricesare
the tobacco instructor at the State Experiment quite ,
A At Chicago, cauliflower continues Station this winter. being realized' Item.
plentiful and easy at 3.00 to 4.50 per
Martyrs. bbl. Cabbage'steady. Home-grown Some of our vegetable growers are Mr. Sorenson, according to the Ti-
crate for tusville Star, is one of the most suc-
l 4.00 to 5.00 per 100, car lots 7.00 to getting as high as $5.00 a
I to neuralgia,headacheand 10.00 per ton. Celery steady for beans. Capt.,Padgett has several acres cessful pineapple growers on the In-

-- nervousness many choice, 15 to 2oc per dz. Lettuce in beans on his place two miles east dian river, having made $9,000 in the

i men suffer also--Mrs.VILLAH. meets a fair sale when choice. Home- of town.-Leesburg Commercial.The last four years in that business.

.MAPpWhite PlainsGa.was grown 90C to 1.00 per 4-dz, endive Exchange solicits business from Several new packing houses have

broken down.in health 20 to 25c per dz heads, 2.50 to 4.50 the small growers. These interestswill recently"been erected along the line

\ when she began takingBrown's per bbl. Spinach slow, 50 to 75c per receive as much consideration as of the Gainesville, Rocky Point and

bbl. Turnips steady. White 50C to the grower who ships thousands of Micanopy railroad. Several others

1.00 per bbl, rutabagas 20 to 25C per boxes. So ship your fruit to them. will soon be erected.GainesvilleSun.

bu.At Mr. Alex. Shaw has, we are in- .

,Iron BittersIn New York, cabbage in fair demand formed, been in the eastern part of From one tree in the John Dough-

when choice. Domestic 2.00 the county this week buying tobacco, DeLand Mark
erty grove near Honeywell -
a unsolicited letter to 4.00 ioo, Danish to and about
per 4.50 5.00. purchased 40,000 poundsfor
(Juno 29 1894. she writes gathered 36 boxes of oranges.He .
)
: Cauliflower in liberal supply and
easyat about 12 cents pound.QuincyHerald.
per had of that
a picture tree before
"About 9 or 10 years ago to bbl. Southern
1.50 3.00 per vegetables .
I was broken down in health the oranges were taken from it.-Or-
and suffered from extremo are scarce, others steady. Work and economy are the father lando Sentinel.

nervousness, and severo Washed carrots 75c per bbl, unwashed and mother of success in Florida, as
neuralgic pains afflicted different 50 to 6oc, Mich. celery 20 to 40C per they are all over the world, and it is The orange growers in the Arre-

parts of my body- dz roots, chicory 6.00 per bbl, Fla. cucumbers the economic, resident soil tiller that dondo vicinity are complaining of
sometimes the smut the trees. In the
dreadful pain 1.50 to 2.50 per cra, egg the State wants now,more than it does on eastern
would bo in and and southern of the
my eyes to bbl kale to portions county
plant 2.00 5.00 per 50 the tourist and non-resident
head,sometimes in hand grove
my there is of the kind
no complaint
and often in my shouldersand 75c, N. J. lettuce i.oo to 1.50 per owner.-Tampa Times.
neck. I took many bbl, spinach 1.25 to 1.75, marrow whatever. On the contrary, the trees
Reasoner Bros. made a shipmentlast
remedies, but found none squash 75c to 1.00 per bbl, Hubbard are looking better than they have for
week to Spreckles Bros., Hono-
like Brown's Iron Bitters. I in that section.GainesvilleSun.
years
beans
; have used a few bottles 1,25, turnips 75 to 85C, string lulu, H. I., famous in the recent Ha- .
since. I 2.00 to 6.00 perbskt.Bushing waiian difficulty also to the Roval
every year often .. ;; .
praise to others." Poinciana hotel at Palm Beach,the Brisbane -
the
Crop.It Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder_
Nurseries, Queensland, dwarfed
It's Brown'sIron seems a pity that those fruit- oranges to Louisiana, valuable plantsto World's Fair Highest Medal and Diploma.

Bitters growers whose location assures them Chicago and Cuba.-Manatee Ad-

from loss by cold weather should year vocate.A .
you need I rush forward their fruit into
by
year caravan of twelve two-horse wag- Me wed Powell's Fertilizers.
Look for crossed market when it is quite certain that and
ons one carriage passed through
Red lines on wrapper. by waiting sixty or ninety days they Tallahassee last Wednesday. With it H

MOWN CHEMICAL CO. BALTO.. MD. would get twice as much per box. It were six families-three from Northwest $ t:

looks as though the orange growerwas Missouri and three from North

unable to resist throwing himself Mississippi, bound for Tampa. The rK y

into the current when he sees others party consisted of thirty-two persons

pushing forward fruit recklessly.It and forty animals.Tallahasseean.
sound stock should govern themselves is said that a quiet countrymanwho
Last week Mr. Webber an officialof If you raise
accordingly. The market cannot be comes to New York for the first ,
called any stronger. Receipts of dp*' time stands aside and waits for the the Department of Agriculture, Tomatoes Potatoes
from the interior of the State at the
mestic have been liberal in Cabbage Berries
potatoes crowd to pass him, but soon catchesthe
the and while I request of Mr. Flagler, came to Lake
east prices were fairly infection of rapid movement and Peas and other Melons
Worth to look into the growth of
well sustained, only best stock com- rushes along with the rest, althoughhe Trucking Cropsfor
and diseases draw-
manded like outside pineapples any or
anything quota. has no business requiring haste.A .
back to their culture that have Northern and Western Markets,
tions. At N. Y. home grown are in comparatively few growers, taughtby may
ample supply and rather easy ,in tone experience, hold their fruit until developed. He called upon Mr. POWELL'SGREENBAG

with imported lots heavy, while at late in the season and reap the benefitof Matthams, one of the most prominent
the growers, looking over and making a
Chicago receipts have shown enhanced prices season after sea-
some increase with a fair demand for I son. It is true their crop suffers some thorough investigation of the pines Fertilizers

choice, unfrosted stock at:about recent I loss from drops' and wind, but after all growing on his place. As a result of ,

prices. 1. they gain largely by the delay. his visit a special representative of the the hig7iest grade fertilizers made,
will be sent down who the kind
in .1 department are you need.
Chenangoes are greater supply The owner on the northern
grove exhaustive Send for circular telling alt about them.
will make
in the New England Markets and after portion of the belt is confront. an report.-
orange West Palm Beach Gazetteer.Mr. POWELL FERTILIZER & CHEfl. CO.
paying an import duty of 15c per ed with the danger of destructive cold I BALTIMORE. MD.
bushel (old rate 25c) sell a shade waves, and has to ship a part of his I H. P. Graddick, of Geneva, Fertilizer manufacturers importers and

lower than fine Hebrons from north- crop at least to avoid a possible total has a number of orange trees in his dealers Potash. in Concentrated Nitrate of Soda.Acid,Sulphate Phosphate of,

ern Maine. loss. But the grove owner further grove that are a marvel in their way. and all kinds of Fertilizing Materials.

Sweets have shown scarcely any south, running no such risk, throws He says they have uniformly good

improvement during the last week and away a future enhancement of pricesin crops annually. The fruit is fine appearing -

are still selling at decidedly mean pri- his recklessnes to move. on with the as it hangs thick on the trees.
ces. As in white potatoes the offer- crowd. The foliage of the tree is dense and

for dark and the branches spreading.The .
ings a fortnight past have consisted *- ,

largely of common to only fair The Marquise De Crequy died at above named features, he says, FERRY'SSEEDS

stock which has nearly glutted the the end of the last century, at the age are characteristics of that variety. He

markets.At of ninety-eight, and was then an at- calls it the "DumrmV The fruit tA

Chicago, demand fair and hold- tractive old lady with an apple blos- ripens in October, and is very sweet .

ers ask former prices. Northwestern som complexion, an abundance of and fine, and has very few seeds. He .Are Just what every '
sower needs. The mer-
Burbanks 51 to 53c per bu., Mich 50 silky snow white hair, and all her recommends the fruit as a sure crop- J its of Ferry's Seeds I

to 53c, N. Y. 52 to 58c, Northwestern teeth unimpaired. She lived duringthe per, an early ripener and in qualitythe on form which tbe has foundation been built up-the

Hebrons 48 to 52c, Mich. 49 to soc, last forty years of her life almost very best. He advances an idea I largest Ferry's seed Seed business Annual in tbe for world.1894

Rose and Peerless 45 to 500, .Empire exclusively on oranges. It was her that may be new to many of the growers the contains latest farming tbe sum knowledge.and substance Freo of

State 45 to soc, white stock 50 to 65c, custom to eat a dozen, for breakfastand namely, that a tree habitually for tbe asking.D. .
I-
mixed 45 to 500. G the same number for luncheonand having but little foliage is universallya M. FERRY & CO.,'
Detroit, Mich.
At New York, supplies are liberal, dinner, accompanied by a few shy bearer. This, if correct, is

demand light Scotch 1.90 to ?.oQ thin!! slices.. of.> rye; bread.- .-Juno, Sun.- worth* I knowing.-r-Orlando,. : Reporter. -- -'



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THE FLORIDA PAKMEB AND FBUIT-GROWEB.
1.

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One TERMS Year ..OF.....SUBSCRIPTIONFor .......:...............82.00 Florida, on the other hand, are the nonplussed, said, "You no say turkey tions are $1.50 per 40-pound box, $
For Six Months........................ ..... z.oo deposit of still water and dead vegetation to me once." Just so with the equal to about |
In Foreign Countries ......;"..'............ 3.00 all the important pro- $6 per barrel. Surely \
lacking duce
nearly shipped south the
Subscriptions in all cases cash in very owners never here i is an answer t& the question if :

advance. No discount allowed on one'sown mineral elements.It say, sell on commission." If any New Mexico and Colorado can afford :?.:

subscription(except in a club), but to is a fact that hardly any of the one wants it? he must purchase beforeit to ship apples to the Eastern markets. <

all agents a liberal cash commission will gramine will grow to amount to anything is shipped. This price pays the California \
.he allowed on all subscriptions obtained ; on these humic grower, |
excessively or "Orange growers stand in their notwithstanding his costly lobor and *'
by them. Write for terms. acid soils, and that they are disappointing light when they ship unripe fruit to
high
To every new subscriber we will send, freight rates; and who can help
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- to the pioneer. Where a log- market. It would be a parallel case admiring his magnificent enterprise 1

ing in Horioa. For two new sub- heap has been burned, supplying the if apple growers at the north should and grit '

scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, needed potash to some extent, there market their fruit on the same con- 11' .;
postpaid, a copy of :Moore's "Orange the plants will flourish ditions 'i
Culture." moderately or any other products of the The Perkins Process for Shipping !i
well. Rice and few other farm. t
some prod- Would sensible
Rates of advertising on application. any person Fruit.
Remittances should be made by check, ucts seem to be able to do better; they attempt to dispose of green persim- Mention has
been
postal note money order or registered grow passably well on the virgin peat mons twice to the same customers ? often made in the

letter to order of or muck. "Let reciprocal reciprocity rule the California Fruit Grower, of the processfor

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER We say nothing against the fertilityof transactions in all sections of our preserving fresh fruits en route to

Jacksonville Flav these soils some time in the future, common country." distant markets invented by Rev. A.

when T. Perkins, of Alameda. A second
their lost
NOTICE symmetry shall have It will occur to.most people that i

been restored and the full measure of growers who are no more exposed to experimental shipment has recently "

If you receive a copy of this fertility rounded out by artificial applications frost than is Chuluota, should not been made by Mr. Perkins, and the

paper which you did not order, and the slow process of oxi .be in such haste to ship off their oran- results appear to largely confirm the

consider it an invitation to sub- dation. But it will take man a long ges. The date of this letter is De hopes of the Doctor and his numerous

scribe. If you do not want it time to accomplish the mighty work cember 3, and yet we are told that friends that his invention will soon be-
I which has been done come a practical success. It is pleas-
the Missis-
kindly hand it to a neighbor. by four-fifths of the crop has been sent to
in n to learn that his__ exnerimpnt
sippi through past ni rlraf .... 1 tnn
ages. Sunnose all or Avon nno -- n ---c&l'"
CONTENTS. half the- -- localities--cc&A in the orange 0.1&-belt taking fruit from California to New-

Orleans, and a portion of it back
had been in such haste againto
to ship their
GR0 TE ORCHARD Swamping the Market.A California
AND -Potash Facts and proved highly encour- .
Figures;Orange Scale Away from Home; oranges. There would have been a
Boone's Early Orange; Rough Lemon correspondent of the Orlando commercial disaster aging, if not wholly conclusive.As .
of the first
Stock; Analysis of the Orange........... 787 Reporter writes from Chuluota mag- previously stated in these col
Japan Golden Russet Pear; A Lake Howell : "It nitude. The danger of a freeze is not
Bushel;Wonderful Plant Food;An Incom- is estimated that four-fifths of the umns, the fruit is carried in air tight
plete Experiment .. .... ......... ....... 788 very great in that low latitude, and,
Is Soda a Substitute for Potash?........ .... 789 orange crop in this neighborhood has even if it had fallen and destroyed cars, and the temperature of the cars
a
THE DAIRY-Cheese-making in a Hot Cli- been is regulated the air
by within
mate; The Jersey Cow................... 790 already sent to market. Com- large proportion of the fruit, the finan- pressure j
POULTRY-Hatch Early; Light Brahmas; plaints are not only loud, but deep, cial results could not have been the pressure being controlled by means '

FRUIT Leaves EXCHANGE and Litter DEPARTMENT-Bulletins; Table Poultry.......; 791 against the attenuated returns for greatly worse than those above very pic- of pumps, and the compressed air is

Effect of Atmospheric Conditions on them from commission men. It has tured by the Chuluota I taken from the pipes which operate the

Vegetables Fruit; Gathering.......the....Fruit......;.Potatoes..........and.... 792 always been so, and will continue to ,. The commission men are correspondent.bad brakes of the car carrying the fruit. _.

EDITORIA Rushing/the'-Sugar Crop Cane; State on News.Reclaimed......Land...... 793 be so, unless a radical change is made of them-but the enoughsome By a long series of experiments, occu-

Swamping the Market; Shipping in Bulk; in the mode of marketing citrus should sadddle growers pying several years' time, Dr. Perkins'
The Perkins Process.......................; 794 fruits. not them with all the found that for best results in
Markets; Auction Sales.... ............... 795 evil consequences to which their (thegrowers' transit
Market Notes: How Local Gluts "Why not follow the the fruit should be
advice kept
are Produced of as near to a
............ .... ... _...... 796 men ) unwise action contributedno "
Wheels and Wheeling; Let the Fruit Cure; who are amply competent to give it, small,part. temperature of 55 as possible. Prac-
Marketing of Pineapples The Rationale viz Let tically he finds this is
the
fruit
of Selling................;................. 797 : rot on the trees if .. comparativelyeasy
OUR RURAL HOME-Symphony in Blue and I buyers will not come and purchase it and on his journey to New.Orleans "

Gold..;..Christmas. ....... ..Fancies. ..;..Eggless........ .Recipes .....- 7Weather before it is shipped."Consigning Shipping in Bulk. with two compartments of a car :

.. >-0H fruit to commissionmen The orange growers are turning the filled with fresh fruits, while he occu- _.

in Jacksonville. is like betting on three-card flank of the Western railroads pied another, the Doctor could keep

-monte-the taking ... ,.. ...... __ ... _by the interior from 4.0.
I I person slip .rick..... lc.. _!::hinnnO'. ;n h,11 "' 1 1 1 u zo to < although
& --------0 ---- & &AA U UA. v
t .Ul".t'U" \.uuuuccau1t:: : extent -
a a bel = d..: sure to lose. the outside heat was showing .
.s Everybody that thus very great, -
DATE. a id = eS 0 i-; says putting them in Cincin-
(eS co :a x eS U Hx IMtJ anybody who bets against another nati, St. Louis and Chicago at a lower 104 at Yuma and 98 at Indio.

Dec. 4.........61- 6S- 74- 58- 16- 66- -0.00 man's game is a fool What's the cost than they can be delivered boxed The fruit is said to have arrived at
Dec. S. ........60 58 difference between New Orleans in almost condi-
6S perfect
Dee. ......... 58 7 62 0.00 betting with a in the Eastern markets. These heavy
Dec. 7.........48 54 54 63 64 53 45 10 19 54 sS 0.00 0.00 stranger and putting your property in : receipts of bulk oranges to some extent tion, and the few boxes which returnedto
... ....
Dec. 8. .49 64 7S 60 his hands to of San Francisco showed
4S 30 0.00 dispose for ? the only partial
Why
Dec. 9 .....60 66 76 58 18 6 you upset calculations of the
Dec 10...... .....61 70 78 60 18 6g: 0.00 0.00 should shippers furnish capital for dealers in boxed fruit, for the peddlerstake deterioration. It is expected that fur-

Mean .......57- 62- -71 54- -17 62- -0.00 commission men to speculate upon, loose oranges as freely as the ther trials will be made soon in the direction -

-Total rainfall. T. Trace. paying them ten per cent for being boxed. i of Chicago, with a view to more

E. R. DElL\IN. Observer. honest enough to return a portion of Loose oranges have to be boxed fully test the merits of the invention.
or
.
the money derived from the sale of barreled Cal. Fruit Grower.
Sugar Cane on Reclaimed Lands. sooner or later, unless they
the
The Indian River owners'property? Have you any are sold out of wagons in the streets; -0. .

Advocate publishes guarantee that you get all but ten per hence it is manifest that the cars of The
a long and well famous Dummitt
studied articleon cent and grove owned
transportation from bulk

Sugar Culture, arguing that it the--- sale__n_ f\9 YTSM1V T1Vrt 11/O... 0.charges l'n')11.oranges.. ;.... .1,,,,,,must 1..._.........be_:.unloaded.:__ ___'L __ _prinVIWMAAT bv Mr._ F. E. Heath of New York was
should DC profitable in-Florida and "Doutless-- J --- r----- U& fcW Jal GV \lLlC; J} ,vnere fcllW sold this week to Mr. John S. Cochran -
some commission
fruit
be handled
men can the
giving authenticated instances where by peddlers. of Martin's Ferry, Ohio. This is
honest but
are
several hundred evidently many are (In Cincinnati they are said to be han- the oldest Indian
dollars on river
per acre have not, judging from the doleful tales dled in flour barrels. grove and I
) Only low-class
been cleared on rich one ofthe oldest in the State
land. An having
analysis shippers tell of their sad experience in fruit should be in bulk
made by the State Experiment Sta- shipped and it been set as early as the 403. Its be-
receiving next to nothing for their fruit is problematical whether low-class
tion fruit ginning was the result of
on some pond soil is given to when a romantic
returns are rendered, to say should be shipped at all. In fact low-
show that Florida reclaimed and hammock affair and all along through its history
nothing of an occasional call class fruit
upon ought not to be raised. Very since its
lands there
times beginning interest-
are richer are
many in them to
pay an alleged deficiency in high-class fruit in
organic matter than the famous small packages, ing and romantic circumstances con-
freight
sugar charges.
counts up fast. Note this extract from it.
lands of Louisiana.The "How cerning It has changed hands'
many barrels of potatoes Nurseries and Orchards
Advocate should rememberthat apples onions other : many times, being owned at one time
farm
or Beautiful
these reclaimed soils are at the ucts prod- apples are grown on the i by an Italian noble,, Duke DeCasta
are south
shipped to be sold Pacific
on coast. Those
in
Cali-
outset really than the grown Lucia, who married an American heiress
poorer Louisiana commission -
? Not one. It is like fornia it is
claimed lack
the
,
soils-poorer, because very much the white man and Indian hunting in of the quality bought the property, built a castle ..
one-sided. The Louisiana soils Washington apple. Many think on it, the remains of which are still
are cahoot The result
was a turkey anda none of the Pacific
the product of a very thorough mix- buzzard killed. coast apples are extant, and otherwise beautified it.
In the division
ol equal to those in New
ing and grown Mexico, I The tract consists of
churning by running water, the game the white man persisted in Colorado the Mountain 230 acres, on
which has gathered and brought to- saying to the Indian You Rocky coun- twenty of which are bearing trees.
take the the Missouri
river
gether all the various elements of rich- buzzard and I will! take the try, apple belt, the The property at one time sold for the
Ozark
turkey or the
Ohio
country, and Ten-
ness from Lake Itasca to the mouth of I will take the and sum of $100,000. Mr. Cochran will
turkey
you take nessee fruit belts, etc., but the Cali
Red River. The reclaimed lands d;f the buzzard." The Indian comedown in January and make this
fornia
., somewhat. apples ell: Chicago} .quota. his home,=Florida Star. .
-

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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 795



i fruit and that out of order, selling withina

'_ Markets. range of 1.00 to 1.50. Lemons, choiceto

-'""'-' fancy bright, well packed, 2.50 to 3.50; J. H. ,SEWARD & CO.

a JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Dec. 14. ordinary and russet, 75c to 1.50. Grapefruit

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. choice to fancy bright, running 44
to 62 size, 3.25 to 3.50; smaller sizes and
Corrected by Marx:Bros.
These are average quotations. Extra choice russets, 2.50, to 3.00. Tangerines box, BALTIMORE, MD.
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor 3.00 to 4.00; Mandarins; box, 1.50 to 2.25;
lots sell lower. Satsumasbox 2.00 to 3.00. beans
1 Oranges, fancy........................ 1.50 String ,
, choice............ .......... 1.25 box or basket, 2.00 to 2.50. Cucumbers,
drops.......................... i.oo box, 1.00 to 2.50. Egg plants, bbl., 3.00 WHOLESALE DEALERS IN FRUITS.
Grapefruit .2.50t03.00 to 6.00 boxes 1.50 to 3.00. Tomatoes
;{ Tangerlnes................................ 3.00 ; orange ,
:Mandarins.................. ......... 2.00 ripe, carrier, 2.00 to 3.00. Let-
e Lemons,Fla.,-..... ................... 1.00 tuce, basket, 2.50 to 3.50. We respectfully solicit consignments of fruits of all kind Information furnished on any of
;' ** Mci> fft.........._.,.........._ 3.00 REDFIELD & SON. our markets by wire. Advances made. Account sales and check forwarded same day as sale.
Pineapples crate................_2.oo to a.50
Limes,3-peckcrates: .... ..... ........ i.oo .
Cocoanuts.............. .............. 4.00 -BRANCH HOUSES-
Peanuts best brand...... ............. .04 to.05
, Guavas 3-peck box ................... 1.00 Auction Sales. New York City, Philadelphia, Pa., Pittsburg, Pa., Buffalo N.
Y., Montreal Que., Toronto,
.. ....
....
Japan Persimmons crate to i.ooGrapes'
50 Ont. Address all communications to us at Jacksonville, Fla.
t New York Brown & Seccomb sold
.Catawba 5 baskets........... .20 ,
Northern cabbage each............... .09 Dec. 7.-5,000 boxes oranges 90c to 2.00;
. apples bbl................. 3.00103.50 Navels 1.50 to 2.20; fruit 1.55 to
o beets bbl................... 2.50 grape J. H. SEWARD & CO.
i t Potatoes bbl........................... 24 3.00; half boxes Tangerines 95c to 1.95;
: sack .......................... 2.00 :Mandarins 1.05 to 1.75; Satsumas to
*. seed. .........
Early Rose, : 2.50 70c, lemons 90c to 1.70
j, Hebron, seed.................. 4.50t
Onions bbl........................... 2.25 Boston, Snow & Co., sold Dec. 5.-Flor- OUR IMPROVED STEAM BOILERHas
Eggs.-.......M. .N-. .23 ida--- nranges! -at-, 1-..ftfl in--* -9 Rft? t-r.errant... fruit
:1 VEGETABLES POULTRY. 1.35 to 1.90; Tangerines half boxes 1.62k;
many good points, adding greatly to convenience. safety and durability.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. lemons 2.30 to 2.80.Philadelphia Designed especially for

Yellow Yams, bush.................. .50 Samuel C. Cook sold
Sweet Potatoes........................ .35 to .40 Dec. 6.-1,500 boxes Florida Sawmills Phosphate Work and
Hubbard squash, bbl................... 2.00 oranges; Irrigation,
Lettuce, doz.,...._.....<...-....-.-...._. ..20Celery. Brights 1.40 to 1.80; Russets 1.10 to 1.65;
Kalamazoo.........._ .-.. -40 to.50 Tangerines 1.30 to 1.85; grape fruit 2.50 But superior for all purposes. Write for particulars. Address,
Eggplants, bbl...................... 3-00 to 2.95.
Tomatoes crates ..... ......-_.... 2.50 FLORIDA IRON AND WOOD WORKS
Sweet Pepper bu .................*... 2.00 Buffalo Fruit Auction Company : We ,
Okra, bu, none..... ...........-....... have sold since Friday, November 30, 12
Cowpeas,shelled peck.. ............. .50 APOPKA, LO1t.mA.
Green Beans, crate.... ............. 2.00 carloads of Florida oranges, from 1.50) to
JI .. Peas, ,.-...............n........ 2.00 2.50 per box; some grades of fruit in Sole Manufacturers of the Hege Emerson Sawmill Emerson's Variable Feed Works, Dowel
'i Turnips bunch........._............. .03to .06 nearly sound condition, averaged as follows Pin Box Head Machines, Bolters, Edgers,Slat Saw Machines &c.
. Cucumbers, crate..................-...1.50 to 2.00
: 2.40 2.32,2.00,1.85,1.86 etc. Sev- have also fitted with reference
each..o5 to NOTE-We up special to handling secondhand machinery. Six
Pumpkins, each............. ......... .10 to .15.I5Kersnaws eral cars, which arrived in poor condition, ((6)) acres yards,large warerooms, good railroad facilities with ample private tracks and years of
Parsley per doz. bunches ............ .25 to .35 sold accordingly. Pineapples, 8 to lie; experience repairing, rebuilding and reselling all kinds of second-band machinery. In buying or
selling it is equally Important that you write us. Address as above, or the ,
Carrots Fla., per doz.bunches........ 25 to .30 3.60 mandarins manager
3.10 to 2.60
tangerines
...... ; .
Green onions,per doz. bunches. .20 ;J. XV. E ERSON. .
Pepper,hot,bushel, .................. i.oo to 2.80. None of these were ripe or nice Please mention F. and F. G.
Sage well cured Ib...................... .10 to.15 fruit and fancy tangerines would bring
' Lima Beans, shelled,qt none ......_.
4.00 to 5.00. sold
Aid ......... **-..**_....._....v. 35 we some poor Florida JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
Roosters.....-...,..........__....*.. .25 to 30 navels, 96 size, from 1.60 to 1.80 per box. ,
Broilers....;..._...._................ .18 to.25 Pittsburgh: Florida oranges have been
Turkeys, per pound gross.......__. .n in but
Ducks..._....-.......,-- ........... .3to .35 very good request, owing to the I Grocers and Commission Merchants
Geese.N_..............,_..._.... .40 to .50 poor condition of most of the arrivals,
Quail, doz..... ..... ................. i.2o prices and averages are considerably lower, ,
Wild ducks doz.........................- 2.00 to3.00 than last Prices have from DEALERS IN
Wild turkeys, each...................... i.oo to 1.50 report. ranged
Cauliflower doz...;... ........... .... 2.00 1.10 to 2.40 per box carloads averaging Coal Grain Wines
from 1.40 to 1.93. The fruit has gotten Hay, Liquors,

into consumption, and,provided the qual-
Jacksonville Fruit Auction, Com ity and condition are satisfactory, prices Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.

pany. will be the same. We sold about 2,000 .
Fruit Auctioneers. Office on Viaduct. boxes this last week, and a few small a.okson.ville: : F1orida.. "

shipments of tangerines from 3.20 to
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 10. up

At our sale to-dav we offered 1,250 5.40 per box. PRICE-LIST OF WHISKIES:

boxes of oranges, for which we received MANONGAHEI/A............. ........$r 50 CABINET BOURBON.... .............. ..|6 00
R the following prices: I PARKER ...... .................. ........... 175 J. MARTIN RyE.............. ................ 3 00 -
f ORANGE VAU.EY........... ........ ..... 2 00 VIRGINIA GLADES.......................... 400
f' Fancy, 1.35 to 1.90. SPRING VALLEY........ ................. 250 OLD BOURBON................... .....500
Brighte, 1.15 to 1.35. BALTIMORE CORN......... .............. 3 oo KENTUCKY SOUR MASH................. 500
Russets, 1.00 to 1.15. OrangesBuying NORTH CAROLINA CORN................ 2 50 OLD BAKER........ ...................... 5 oo
i Grape fruit, 1.00 to 2.35. for self is against selling on commission CLIFTON CLUB........................... 300 MONTROSE VELVET RYE............-.... 6 oo

Tangerines, 1.75 to 2.40. interest for growers to get hi;*for in best a buyer places Las,letting a certain JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon soc; three gallon, 750. Remit by post-o&ce
Mandarins 1.00 to 1.75. shippers' come second.We money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.A .
T Lemons, 75c. to 1.50. never buy Southern fruits nor vegetables complete price-list ofGoceries. and Wine List, sent free on application.
; no shippers' interests are first with
All fruits show advance in price, and us. And we tliiuk our 40 years' experienceIn JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
handle on this market boxes produce without defaulting a dollar,is a ,
we can 10,000 -
guarantee that we can sell stuff and pay the ,
' of oranges per week. I $owner for It. WE REFER TO ANY BANK
; fruit and fruit OR MERCHANT HAVING MEKCAN-1
Fancy tangerines
grape TILE REPORTS; OR TO THE NINTH BROS.
) wanted. NATIONAL BANK HERE. 1i1ft BURNETT
JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION Co., Our little book on marketing Fruit and ? ,
J Vegetables free to any address. Shipments
s THOS. R. TOWNS, President. wanted.answered Stencils free. Letter promptly i BROS. 159 South Water St., Chicago, .

-

J. H. Seward & Co's. Report. French & Co. FRUITS DEALERS IN FRUITS.

? Baltimore, Dec. 10.-Receipts of Flor- CHICAGO- We respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables.We .
116 Warren St. New York.
are now making a specialty ofORANGES
ida oranges of late have been heavy, still

{ the demand is good. Owing to the fact

that a great portion of the receipts ,

showed more or less decay the average
i prices realized have been less than would Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. Rtdfltld. e and Invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.


r, otherwise ranged from have 1.50 been to 2.25 maintained.for sound, desir-Sales ESTABLISHED 1871. We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.

"We look for better REDFIELD & SON
prices
able sizes. as ,
National Shoe and Leather Bank New York
Florida lemons 2.00 tot References, by: permission:- ,
stock improves. Bank DeLand Fla. and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co .
the Volusia County ,
Fruit 2.50 to 3.50 Tangerines
3.00; Grape ; Commission MerchantsAND
2.50 to 3.25; Mandarins 2.00 to 2.50; Na- .

vel oranges 2.00 to 3.00. NURSERIES OF THE

Write to us at Jacksonville, Fla.? for .

any information in reference to prices,
shipping, etc. You will receive an immediate Fruit Auctioneers Milwaukee Florida Draqge Co.

reply by,wire if desired. ,

i J. H. Seward & Co. Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
:141 :Dock Street, Philadelphia, J a. Budding-Wood sale at all times.
i Philadelphia Oranges-Choice: Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For .
We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables, Catalogue and Price-List,address
to 2.25 do-
fancy, desirable sizes,1.75 to ; :; either at private sale(which has heretofore been
large sizes, 1.40 to 1.65; russets, as to our custom) or by the auction system (recently L. PunQdin Fla.
4 B l1NCAN Manager *
size and quality, 1.25 to 1.75; ordinary added to our bttsfeggl ygq mar desire ,
9 I VV J.-

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796 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-GBOWER.


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St. Louis Dec. 10.-Orangea-Demand
best investment in real-estate is to
small C_ P.
improving. Florida, 1.50 to 2.00;

sizes,2.00 to 2.25; Mexican, 2.50 per box. THE buildings well painted. Paint protects the house and
Lemons Quiet Florida, 2.50 to 3.00per

box; Messina, 3.00 to 3.50; Malaga, saves repairs. You sometimes want to sell-many a good
3.50 to 4.00.PotatoesIn.
g large supply, dull and house has remained unsold for want of paint. The rule shouldbe ,.,.

weak. Eastern Burbank: quotable at 55 "
'
though, "the best paint or none. That means [taNE!
to COc; Northern stock, 40 to 45c for
mixed and inferior to 50 to 52c for choice;

home-grown to 4:5c: ; on orders, lOc per Strictly Pure White LeadYou

bushel charged.more than foregoing prices are

Cabbage-Firm. Choice, 10.CO to 11.00per cannot afford to use cheap paints. To be sure of getting ,

and ton damaged; fancy less.12.00 On to 13.00 orders;, inferior choice, Strictly Pure White Lead, look at the brand; any of these are safe: Shortest, Quickest, Most Attraotivoru'rE

1.50 per crate. ANCHOR (Cincinnati). RED SEAL (St. Couis.)

Sweet Potatoes-Home-grown sellingat "ECKSTEIN" (Cincinnati). KENTUCKY" Louisville).
35 to 50c per bushel loose; on orders, "SOUTHERN" (St Louis and Chicago). "ATLANTIC" (New York).. BETWEEN
Bermudas, 1.75 per bbl; Nansemond, "COLLIER" (St. Louis). "JEWETT" (New York). FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH

2.75. Consigned stock not wanted. FOR Colons-National Lead Co.'s Pure: White Lead Tinting Colors.These THE

- Cucumbers-New -Florida, 2.50 per colors are sold in one-pound cans,each can being sufficient to tint 25 pounds Strictly) : Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
crate. Pure White Lead the desired shade; they are in no sense ready-mixed paints,but a combination of
Tomatoes-California sold at 1.50 to perfectly pure colors in the handiest form to tint Strictly Pure White Lead.A .
good many thousand dollars have been saved property-owners by having our book on THROUGH ROUTES.
2.00 per 4-bushel basket crate, and 75c. painting and color-card. Send us a postal card and get both free. New York to Jacksonville by
to 1.00 per peck box. New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington -
For the first time since the orange sea- 99. ioz, & 103 Broad Street, Nashville. NATIONAL LEAD CO., New York.BREED'S and Southern Railway to
son opened there is some life and activity I Northern Columbia, Florida Central &;
in the market and of the Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal
some leading UNIVERSAL WEEDER. J points in Florida.
dealers out from other .
buying
were .re- Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
ceivers. A greater number of small deal- Will Take Oat Weeds Crops Increased. M Your Dealer For It. Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
ers and storekeepers were out too invest- and Loosen the Soil Labor Decreased and Southern R'y to Ever-
M. Lamb ton,W.labu "I Florida)ette,Florida Central & Penin-
ing in the Florida products. Very little In use and recommended by bard opfoooyour UnlTcrtalWeederi Limited.. sular to all important Florida
advance in price however to note but it a race:***
GEO.E.PYBIES,Fruitland Park. in the cultivation of Orange OrorM points.
the free movement of the fruit augurs L. II.ARMSTRONG, St.Nicholas. I recommend" It to aft Orange Kansas Kansas City, Fort Scott &
well for the future-for a while at least- Grower City Memphis R:R.to Kansas ,
J. E. STANNARD,Welaka. and
possibly till Christmas or New Year's.The The Unirersal.Weeder Co., Jackso'villeThro' 1 to Birmingham, Southern R'y'
to Everette, Fla. Central &
-end for Circular. BOSTON, MASS.
Special Line
advance in the price of apples stimu- Peninsular to all Fla. points.
lated the market and was in a measure Louis to Jacksonville by

responsible for the improvement noted.P. still arriving in small lots, but are very How Local Gluts are Produced. 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gs Central to Holly Sp'gs,

M. KJELY. unsatisfactory in size and quality. Those who are in receipt of circu- Route. City, :Memphis: & Birmingham -

lars and postal cards from commissionmen J R'y to Everette to Birmingham and F. C.&Sou.P.

Market Notes. We Want More Fruit.To saying that there was then but a Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -

supply our trade we must have at small of fruit in in Ill. Cent. to Holly
market their
New York.-Sgobel & Day say: Flor- amount Roue.Sp'gs}Sp'gs, K., C. M. & B. to Bir-
ida. Receipts heavier than last year, least 10,000 boxes of fruit per week. locality, and advising immediate ship- mingham, Sou. R'y to Ever-
some solid having come in. We Returns made the day after the sale. ette and the F. C. &P.Louis'ille .
cargoes ments must bear in mind that hun-
,
have handled 10,000 boxes in all. The See actual sales.JACKSONVILLE. & Nash'ille to River
FRUIT AUCTION Co. dreds of these cards have been sent to New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
fruit has mostly come in condition
poor ,
To }route with through sleepersJackso'vilie
the result we are pretty sure of rains in TIIOS. R. TOWNS, Pres. orange growers, and that the surest between New Orleans and

Florida. There is a good demand for good way to produce a glut will be to shipto I Jacksonville.The .
fruit if sound F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
nearly
or that market.
very so. Buyersdo A Fertilizer Question.The Others have felt the Florida running through the
not like to repack. The market stands '
result of this in almost Tobacco Regions,
process
best methods of nutri- every
to-day on sound 1.60, 1.80,2.10 according restoring Stock farming and Dairy Section,
to size, but a large share of the fruit is in tive materials to the soil is a subject branch of their trade. A contemporary Peach and Strawberry Lands,

such shape that it still sells 1.25, 1.40, which, no doubt, interests you at this sea- at the North, discussing the grape Orange Phosphate,Banana Belt.and Pineapple Country,'

1.50 and some oranges in very bad order son.There market, says: Has the Silver Spring and
lower still. We think a little cool weather are a few points which must be Should the necessity arrive of con- Other Fine Scenery.The .
kept in view if success is to be ob- Great Hunting Country.
any
will benefit the fruit. Tangerines in
are signing largely this fall there is Beaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.
tained in farm fruit other grapes ;
good demand and we have obtained 1.80 vegetable or Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety -
to 2.00 per half box on good fruit. Grape such cultivation, and it is hereby opportune great danger of killing in turn each of soils in the State,and above all

fruit wanted at 2.75 to 3.25 on brights. to point out that, as State agents for market that shows signs of life. Grape >Runs over the Central RIdgeland.
The total receipts in this city from the sale of the celebrated H. J. Baker & shippers and commission men are familiar Where It Is High and Healthy.
Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
Florida to the 1st Inst.are a little heavier Bros. Special Complete Manures, whichare with the process. the best freight facilities for any produce to
than a year ago. The new room on the manufactured from pure chemicalsand the Northern markets. Send for the popularsong
"A certain market Philadel-
Clyde wharf of about 50 x 150 feet is bone, are highly concentrated and say -
nearly finished and the heat can be put economical, we are able to furnish the phia, is nearly bare of grapes on a cer- "MV: : FLORIDA HOME."

on next week if necessary. This makes Florida orange and vegetable grower tain day, and the few on the sidewalksare with its spirited words'and beautiful music
with goods that provide a means of making descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
six steam-heated wharves for fruit here. held and at
are slowly selling a which is gotten up in elegant style-Six'pagesof
Three in Brooklyn, one in Jersey City for groves and plants present the most high figure. The different houses at full sized best music paper,containing also
Mediterranean fruit, and two in this city splendid display of fruit and produce the a picture of a home in Florida and a hunting
fullest yields once notify the shippers that pricesare scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
for Florida. The new salesroom on the every year.H.
stamps,to of distribution.
Clyde wharf about 40 x 70 feet is also J. Baker & Bros. Special Complete high and there is no supply. Each Send also pay for expense the best map of Florida) (sent
nearly ready for occupancy. Manures feed each crop separately, according shipper, ignorant of what other ship- free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MACDONELLG.P.A. '

About< 500 boxes Messina first to its needs, those elements sends Phila- ,
; oranges, pers are doing, grapes to Jacksonville, Fla.
of the new crop, were sold on the J5th which analysis and experience has shownto delphia. Result and the bot- -
a glut
instant at 1.70 to 2.00 perfectly be necessary, and which are not ob- ,
average The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
tom of the market.
out
sound and naturally pale. They did well tained from the soil or air in sufficient goes a
owing to the small size of the fruit- quantity. "The shippers and the better com- Offers to Shippers

mostly 300 and 360 per box. About 5,000 Many so-called Complete :Manures sup- mission houses, of course, regret this The Shortest and Quickest Route

boxes are on the ocean coming, and the ply but one or two elements and even if result, but both have seemed powerlessto BETWEEN
crop in Sicily is reported large. The more are present they may be in an inert "
very
it. What is the
prevent remedy?
FLORIDA AND ALL
coming of in California is and worthless form.H. POINTS IN ,
reported crop to be about oranges equal to that of last J. Baker & Bros. Specials are no The remedy, we conceive, is to place THE EAST AND WEST.With .

year and the quality is said to be better. experiment, but the result of years, of the distribution of fruit in the hands of Is Improved better equipped Ventilated than Cars ever, this ever company to-

% experience and actual use by prominent competent agencies fully informed of handle! the Orange and Vegetable Crops,and
growers in this State. They are odorless -the demands of the various markets. Insure close connections and prompt despatchto
P. Ruhlman&Co. say: Florida oranges and in the best mechanical condition.We all Eastern and Western Markets.
have been in fair demand during the solicit a fair trial of these goods; This is what the Fruit Exchange en- Through, oars to destination. with-

week, choice desirable sizes finding ready knowing they will produce results easily deavors to do through its correspondents -out change or delay. .
followed
sale on arrival. The only drawback is observed. and daily telegraph advices. shippers Perishable advised freight time passing :various by wire Junc-and

so much large, coarse fruit arriving in Truly yours, tion points and arrival at destination.
bad condition that it is only fit for the WILSON & TOOMER, All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -

wagon boys. Tangerines are not yet up Jacksonville, Fla. Promptness.We See adjusted.that your goods are markedvia
to the mark hence .
slow
are of sale. sell your fruit to-day and mail your F. C. '& P. R. R.
Mandarins favor in ..
are losing this marketfor
check to-morrow on all home sales. For Information call on or address the undersigned -
the reason that they are deteriorating Two cars of Florida oranges are due to Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co. :
the past two or three years. Receipts of arrive this week. This will end the C. E. TAYLOR, Trav.A'gt.Ocala Fla.

grape fruit have been very light and ofirregular Florida business for 1894. California will Thos.. .R. Towns, Pres. ,,W.G. M.B.HOLDEN TUCKER,Trav.Gen. At,,Orlando Leesburg, Fla.Fla.
sizing and packing. Fancy is be shipping Navels by December 5th to :.-W.R. FULLER,Trav.AVt,Tampa. Fla.

much needed, and such would find ready 10th.-Portland, Oregon, note" ,.., in. Fruit Dr.Its. Price's. Cream J Baking Powder OrN.S. PENNINGTON- ,,Traffic Manager,
k -
t1. a' > Jacksonville
sale at remunerative prices. Lemons are Trade Journal.. Most. Perfect. .. ., .i Made.....u..t W, H. PLEA8ANTS, General Freight,Fla.dgt

.


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND' FRRUIT=GR WEL 797

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Wheels and Wheeling. shrink and appear at the end of a fiveor Association) report for 1892 and 1893.

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower' seven days' journey as if it were Sold in gross through association, SI1 S5JG'

'r It seems to me that this very important -. slack packed. 34,004 for $42,492.59, making an Will spray EXPRESS a 10 acre PAID orchard for per day.

. subject is entirely neglected by theagricultural I When oranges sweat In the boxes average rer box, $1.26. 60,000 Endorsed in use.by the Satisfaction leading Entomologists guaranteed or of money the U.re S.
: press. In this ,country, the wraps of'course' absorb the moisture The Florida Fruit Exchange selling funded. Illustrated catalogue Spraying free.
It
where grain is .so dear; and it,is the i and when the box is opened at its des- 355,000 boxes of fruit, includingall 820 Rapid per sellers.day.Our Mention agents this are paper.making Address from S3 to
t, custom: for every one to work a'' horse tination the contents present a bedrag- kinds, qualities and conditions, V. C. LEWIS MFG. CO., Box 73, Catskill, N; Y.FARMER'S

j 1 'Granule'singly, the,best height of wheel, gled, uninviting appearance which under the auction system, netted to SAW MILLworks

\ the-best width and shape'6f the tire are militates against its sale. the growers $1.31 per box; but, as h. p., also successfully Grinding with Mills 4
"fA matters of the importance.. On a' To prevent just such conditions as the Indian River people claim greater and Water Wheels. '

. hard road or on the pavement of the these; the successful grower holds his superiority for their fruit over interior DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co..
, city streets a narrow tire is obviously fruit until thoroughly dry. fruit, as well as as superior selling 323 Highland. Ave. Atlanta, Ga.
! as,good as any, but in the soft sand of Another advantage gained by holding methods, their fruit ought to have
x. our country roads or in the suburbs of the oranges as suggested lies in brought the best price. But $1.31 SELF-POURING

l our towns, where the soil is dry, I am the fact that any weakness or defect in per box is more than the $1.26 they COTFIIE POT
very certain that the tire and rim the fruit is apt to show up plainly, and I got. From the report of the manager Pours pressing
' should fit the rut. The bicycle wheel the packer by rejecting such adds an ; of the Fruit Exchange, sixty carloads the lidSaves ,-

\ should be the model for our wagon and additional safeguard to the chances of i were sold in Jacksonville. So selling

3 cart-makers to pattern after, and a his shipment reaching its destination through the auction system does pre-
) wjieel five feet or more high is better absolutely sound. vent home sales. Thousands of boxes

f. than one that is lower. Fruit gathered and packed in rainyor were sold at the groves through the
My neighbors and I have to go from damp, muggy weather is more than agency of the exchange. Thus
1 one to three times a week to the city apt to show up at destination with a through this auction system, which is .

p}. of Jacksonville with our truck, a distance greater or less percentage of decay. charged as being dishonest, the
1 of ten to fourteen miles. Most This is an indisputable fact the cor- grower gets more money than he
ct.of tea makes the liquor
of them use wagons, though some use rectness of which is established beyond does through the "honest agent sys- 25 per better. Send or for styles and prices.proportionately
" carts without springs. It is a common doubt by the experience of many tem." THE ASBURY-PAINE MFG.CO.,Trenton, NJ.
2X& ] .
w $
,, remark that my horse looks better and close observers during the past nine OBSERVER. good thing j

1 keeps easier than any others. My cartwheels years. Jacksonville,Fla.,Nov.30, IB9.f.
i are five feet high. The tire is f .. .
three and a half inches wide; the rim The Rationale of Selling.
The Marketing of Pineapples.In .
four inches; the body of the cart is on Low prices exert a strong influenceto
springs. The horse pulls by chains your issue of the 23d your cor- induce the shipper to change his :>
f 't.i '; :'t: 't' :'4vr ;o .
from Eden discussed at '' ; I iI.: ;&
attached to the axle.I respondent selling agent. Upon investigation he
i claim that my horse can pull a length the question of marketing the would more than likely find the low "IT CROWS ON

heavier load,.or the same load easier pineapples of that section. To give a prices were no fault of the agent, but WHAT FEEDS ON."
than- any of the others. That I save starter for a plan he gives a letter the: logical effect of certain causes the
A local agent m Indiana who has sold Page
25 per cent in the draft by havingthe from Mr. Porcher, agent of the Indian agent is in no way responsible for, or fence for several years took positive orders
River Orange Growers' Association.Mr. for 1,000 rods in one week and that late In
load on springs. That my cart cannot possibly control. The Florida November, which is pot a, good fencing
will wear out two wagons and my Porcher practically outlines the Fruit Exchange presents twice a weekto month. However, the large amount (nearly
one hundred miles) he has put In use In
of that association. In closing
horse do the same work that another plan the growers market conditions justas his territory, enables him to practically
does in a ,year, with a saving of $25 in his letter he takes occasion. to say: "I i they are, and gives their opinion of Ignore a Page competition.agency. That's one advantageof

feed, and lastly, I am safer in crowded am bitterly opposed to the auction :' the immediate future, based on past PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich.DOUCLAS .
streets, because I can turn quicker system. There is more dishonesty experience and knowledge of current
;t and so get out of the way of fire engines about it than with even the treacherous conditions. With these reports before

r circus displays, brass bands, 'wild-cat' commission man, and him the shipper decides for himselfthe W. L
etc. I have loaded ought not to be used except for culls, .
seen, wagons question whether present prices IS THE BEST.NSaUEAKING
3 SHOE
going through soft sand throw up unsound fruit and careless shippers."If will satisfy or whether to await a .,
enough sand to fill hat at we had sent our oranges to auc- "'-_ $5. CORDOVAN,
my every change. .
FRENCH&ENA WU ED CALF:
revolution of the wheels, while my tion we would not have sold one car The Exchange can at all times =- $4.$3so flNECAlF&1 wheels fitting the rut would hardly of fruit at home, whereas I sold ten fruit in small =
handle your large or = = $ .fi9 POLlCE'.3 SOLES.
displace or lift a spoonful. and several thousand boxes in the quantities at current market prices. \.r. "50.$2., WORKINGMElr
Where a tire is very wide so as not grove. The buyers admitted this,and When advice is given to decrease $ -- EXTRA.FINE. "

to sink much in the soft sand one is, said that if they could have found our shipments it does not indicate a lack $2JJ. BOYSSCHDOLSHOES.
..
fruit in the auction wouldnot .
of. course, compelled to roll down room they of ability to sell, but that the supplyis aLARIES.$2.S2J2.. :
many hillocks and inequalities in the have needed to buy of us, for they in excess of the demand at current j1'. :J.;). 'J.UQNGOl .
k sand on each side for the benefit of could have beaten our prices. Wish. prices and will only be absorbed at SEND FOR CATALOGUE
the ones who come behind. This ing you success, I remain, etc." smaller figures. Business has only two $ WL'DOUGLAS,

work, pro bono publico, is not appre- We confess this is a remarkable par remedies for a congested market, first, can save: money BROCKTQNMASS.Yen by wearing tho
ciated and of for. agraph. It charges dishonesty, inability W. L. Douglas 83.00 Shoe.
course, never paid lessen the supply; second, lower the
M. CHESEBRO. to obtain the best price in the Because we are the largest manufacturers of
To avoid the tonic of lower
prices.
this
grade shoes In the world and guarantee their
Plummers, Fla. market and failure to effect sales at nrlrpc: the Exchange alwavs.. : gives: :lc1- value by stamping the name and price on the
-- --
I home. r-----9 J bottomwhlchprotectyougalnsthJghprlces and
vice to lessen supply. When taken by the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal custom
Let the Fruit Cure. So public and above-board is the the its results favorable work in style, easy fitting and wearing qualities.We .
growers are ; have them sold everywhere at lower prices for
have shown auction conducted that its
Although recent years system when disregarded, low sales with con- the value given than any other make. Take no sub
remarkable progress in methods off honesty cannot be reasonably ques- sequent loss. Btitute. If your dealer cannot supply you,we can.

grading and packing oranges by the tioned. The fact that all foreign I .

' growers generally still tfyere} remains fruit is sold by auction, that Califor- To know when, where and,through CHOICE
ample room for further improvementon nia has adopted this mode of sellingall whom to sell, read the Florida Fruit FRUITS: bind: : FLOVVERS

the part of very many growers. her fruit; that all fruit is so disposed Exchange pamphlets, circulars and FORSOUTHERN
Hundreds of growers persist in pack- of in London and Liverpool, Semi-Weekly Market Supplement.These .
ing their fruit immediately after it is I that all the great staples imported are all carefully compiled for PLANTING.Satsuma .

taken from the tree. Every grower of .into New York are sold at auction, the purpose of giving the grower the
I Orange, Hardy and Early. New
experience knows that an orange is i would, to an ordinary mind, be conclusive best and most useful information regarding Japanese Plums, Peaches, Pears, Roses, Camel
sure to sweat,after it is packed, unlessit of the correctness, integrityand the marketing of his lias., &c., at very low prices. Catalogue for the
crop. asking. I>. !L. riERSON, Prop.
is first properly cured. Every or- fair dealings of the open auction I Montlcello,Fla
ange also shrinks more or less after it sales of perishable fruit. The experience The Florida Fruit Exchange is

is taken from the tree. of our Fruit Exchange for sev- purely the creature of the orange FRUIT TRE S.

The most careful and successful eral years, has convinced most of our growers, created by them, controlledby FOR
growers invariably hold their fruit in growers that the auction system and them, handling their products for
the ,packing house, either on racks or sales at home, constitute the best them. The grower who sells his fruitat SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
in bins, from' three to five days. modes of disposing of our fruit. home or f. o. b. is doing his own
Fruit held in this manner is relievedof 1 As to obtaining,the best prices, let business. So does the grower that for Catalogue and price list.

all surplus moisture; it does not us examine Mr. Porcher's (the agentof sells through the Exchange, since the JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., .

sweat after ,packing, _neither will, it the Indian River Orange Growers' Exchange is his creation. Thoma..IDeOa. .,>

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798 TfiE FLORIDA FARMER: AND FRUIT-GROWER.


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Our Home. one corner write the word "Christmas cup sugar, two-thirds cup sweet milk,one

Rural ," in gilt letters.A tablespoon butter, two teaspoons baking
powder; bake slowly. Serve with sauce
sachet is
dainty alwaysa
perfume of two tablespoons flour, one pint boiling
Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, welcome gift to any woman who en- water; sweeten and flavor to suit.

St. Thomas.. .Fla.. joys pretty things. A very delicateone Fried Cakes.-One-half cup of notveryrich

is of pale blue silk overlaid with sour cream, one teaspoon saleratus

A Symphony in Blue and Gold. bolting cloth, on which is painted a dissolved in that, one cup sweet milk,

Through what at first sight seemsa branch of apple blossoms. It is likea one,and nutmeg one-half, and cups flour sugar,to one make teaspoonsalt the

tangled mass of withered grass and bag in shape, and is tied with nar- dough a little stiffer than when you use

weeds, I was wandering almost aim- row blue ribbons. eggs. Prices reduced on the Shireman Chain Fruit

lessly this morning; not quite, however Another pretty and easily made For the benefit of some new subscribers ple and and Vegetable durable Sizer.sizer made.The most C. A.accurate Boone, gen'l sim-

for I was searching for some half sachet is made thus: Take half a yardof the recipe for plain cake without eggsis agent, Orlando, Fla.
Three flour -
forgotten treasures that had helped to handsome ribbon and doubleit again published: cups FOR I 90 DAYS-I will sell first-class budded or-
any (measure before sifting),one and one-half ange trees and grape fruit trees, one and two
brighten the little home in the spring in two loops. Fill these loops with cups sugar, two tablespoonfuls baking years old, cheaper than any firm in the State
and I found themtuberoses cotton with violet Sift several times then 15 varieties. Call on or address, G. L- Michael,
summer. sprinkle freely powder. together Star Hill Nursery, Glen Ethel, Fla. 10-17-8
butterfly lilies, vincasbesidesa powder, sew up the edges and tie a rub in well with the hands, as if making
wishing to grow melons for market
few rich garnet chrysanthemums, knot around the middle and you havea biscuit, one-half cup butter, or part good PARTIES use, should write to me for valuable
sweet lard and part butter; then pour in information as to seed, fertilizer, cultivation,
wild in abun- bow which be further
bright, yellow marigolds fragrant may one cup sweet milk, (condensed milk or etc., etc.,. W. M. Girardeau, Monticello, Fla,
dance, and some volunteer zinnias ornamented with lace, if wished. Thisis even water will do) ; a pinch of salt, one it

that braved the air of general desola- very nice for scenting gloves, rib- tablespoonful of vanilla, or other flavor ANEW. We deal pay on freight.wire netting.Write for Prices our cut latest in

tion, which said as plainly as words, bons and laces.A ing. Bake carefully.The price-list. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf_
i
following directions for baking, I SALE.-On rough lemon, Tardiff Blood
"nobody lives here. Of course the handsome bib for a baby is of FOR
from the New York Evening World, are Grape Fruit strong, well-grown buds.
first-named plants are done bloomingsome fine white linen, embroidered with mar- excellent : Address, Richard Klemm. Winter Haven, Flor-

time ago, but some of the bulbs guerites and edged with a frill of ori- For sponge cake and pound cake have ida. n-3-5
RAPES.-One thousand White
will be taken up and stored in a dry ental lace. heat that will in five minutes turn a pieceof 1''i vines for sale $4 a hundred.Niagara F. Lloyd grape,

place, for planting, perhaps, in new A pretty gift for the housewife is a white paper yellow. Fruitland Park Lake county Fla. 11-3-6
March. for is For all other kinds of cut cake use an "pARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney
next February or cover bread. It ornamental to
quarters
and lemon
oven that will in five minutes turn a pieceof Sicily Lemon.-Best orange
For the cottage in the edge of the the teatable, besides being very use- white dark grown. Write for catalogue J. H. Turnley,
paper yellow.For
"Excelsior Nurseries Weir Fla.
orange grove, in the "deep, tangled ful. Take a piece of fine linen eleven i bread and pastry have an oven that LANGSHANS, Lake MINORCASI, 8-11-13!

wild-wood," no longer claims us. inches square and hemstitch an inch : will in five minutes turn a piece of white LEGHORNS stock for sale cheap. Agent for

Much has been said against makingthe wide hem all around. Work a small paper dark brown. Smith & Romaine's Island boiled beef Yard and bone, $2.25 ,
lbs. C. H.
per 100 Poultry Jacques,
home in the midst of trees, or design with white silk in outline When the oven is too hot at first a crust Prop. Fernandina, Fla. 12-1-2
forms the bread cake which
having it too closely surrounded by stitch. Wheat-heads or corn-flowers on or prevents OUR RODS-Spanish Needles and Dip Needles
its rising. It is better when bak- the best instruments for hunting miner-
vines and shrubs. We have not livedin are very pretty.A ing bread and cake to have the oven a als. Ben. G Stauffer, Harrisburg Pa. 11-24-26 j

our present location (outside the cake cover may be made in the little wlow at first and increase the heat FOR SALE-On the tree, at Duke, St. Johns
Fla., about boxes A -
I bright oranges
grove) long enough to write intelli- same way, working the design in nat- gradually.When from the Dr. Greeley 1,500 grove. Address K.

gently upon the subject as to whether ural colors in wash silk. Select some baking puff paste the heat shouldbe D. Woodbury Cheshire Conn. 11-3-6
greatest first and decrease later. Thisis BOATS.-St. Lawrence Skiffs, Dories,
such a home is or is not injurious to dainty design, for-get-me-nots, clover- to keep the paste in shape. SAIL Boats, Sneak Boxes. State what you

the health. There are two sides to heads, anemones and rose-leaves are When the oven is too hot the temperature want and write for prices. E. D. Putney. Mt.
.. .. Dora Fla. 1117tiTHE .
every question.The all very pretty.-The Home. may oe reduced by putting in it a -- -

cottage is overrun by honey- pan of cold water.. 127,000 LAKELAND citrus trees NURSERIES-Have on sour orange,grape-fruit for sale
suckles star-jessamines the delicate When baking in an oven that is too hot and rough lemon roots,of the following varieties:
Eggless Recipes. at the top fill with cold water a drippingpan Marsh Seedless Pomelo,Thompson Pomelo,Au-
evergreen vine, that almost all the Cream Pie.-Place two table- which is about an inch deep and rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
heaping Hart's Tardiff,Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma Kum-
year round bears clusters of pendant, spoons each of flour and sugar in a bowl, place it on the top grate of the oven. quat King and Maltese Blood Orange,and Villa
snowy blossoms, is the vine I mean ; pour over slowlv one and a half Should the oven be too hot on the bottom Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seed-
pates under the article that is to be less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless
a grate
Marechal Neil, and Cherokee roses, sweet creamand, mix smooth; line put Grape-fruit. C M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
lemon vine, and several others. It is with paste, fill, grate nutmeg over the baked. Fla. 11-17-20

veritable rose-and-honeysuckle-cot- top, bake quickly, and eat warm. TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
a Dumplings.-Take any kind of fruit desired OENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Florida -
but I must show appreci- last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
tage; my iu
place a quart pail sweeten, just
,
insure insertion in this column, advertisements particulars, write E.W.Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
ation now by going several rods to moisten the fruit with water, and put must be accompanied by the money. io-13-tf

admire, and will for sometime be over a small loaf of very light dough; tie Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING-
without the familiar faces of flower a cloth over the pail, put on the lid, and Postage Stamps received in payment. of the best. $1 for 13. R. Puddy,
my steam hour. Count every word,including name and address. Lawtey Fla. 10-6-13
friends, I fear, in the new home. It Baked one Suet Pudding.-Boil FINE" LOT OF SEEDLESS GRAPE FRUIT- RESPONSIBLE. Reliable Commission Mer-
is said that breeds one quartof Tahiti Limes. All on Grape fruit stock. N. Y.-Batterson & Co.
"familiarity con- milk and salt it; mix two cups of In- Price very reasonable. S. M. Stephens, Lakeland l-29-tf
tempt;" but a flower, even the hum- dian meal in water and stir it into the Fla. 12-15-10 FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel

blest, never deserves contempt, not boiling milk; set aside to cool. Then add PECANS.-Florida grown, paper-shell nuts for North Carolina mountains. Owner must e
two of molasses two of a pound. W. A. Bours & live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
even indifference.But cups cups choppedsuet Co., Jacksonville, Fla. 12-15-4 B. Clarkson Jacksonville,Fla. o-is-ti

lo and behold a symphony a little cinnamon, and one quart of WANTED-By Swd. gardener steady place. EGYPTIAN LOTUS-And "Crinum Amabile,"
milk.
cold
East Florida
only. Thor bulbs. Other plants and
in blue and gold met my gaze as I Orange Short Cake.-Cut up a liberal oughly understand the business References. shrubs for sale. M. E. Aikin, St. Augustine,

glanced at the east end of the veran- allowance of oranges and sweeten to taste. Apply Florida.to. J. Boetius, Georgiana, Indian River, Fla. 12-1-
1tWANTED.
da. It was a blending of most har- Make a crust as for strawberry short cake. "WANTED-5000 one-year Citrus Trifoliata.
Trifoliate seed or seedlings. State Give size and lowest price. Arcadia Nurseries -
monious colors, at least; though, I when done cut in two, and put oranges Fred D. Waites, Belleview, Fla. Monticello, Fla. 12-i-tf
between and on top. Cover top of cake 12-15-4
suppose, properly speaking, a "sym with whipped cream. A CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.-Forty FINE Smooth and Cayenne and Abbaka Pineapple

phony" greets only the ears. I hope Spice Cake.-One cup each of sour thousand ((40,000)) thrifty grape fruit trees in Co., Orlando. Fla.Slips. Orlando Grape d 10-27-8 Fruit

none of my musical friends want to cream and molasses, one teaspoon each of nursery Bowyer &form.Stephens Three-year, Lakeland old.Fla.Terms 12-15-10 easy. 8 0 0 O)0 FINE.healthy pear trees. LeConte,
split straws about its meaning how- soda and allspice; flour to make a not too Kieffer. and others Satsuma -
SMOOTH CAYENNE-Variegated Cayenne. Oranges Figs Peaches, Plums and Pecansat
thick batter bake in
slow
I ; oven. A good Rothschild and Abbaka bottom
ever, or shall precipitately retire. pineapple prices. J. H. Girardeau, Monticello
soft gingerbread is made by substituting suckers and slips of finest quality. Orlando Florida. 9-8 tf
But it was a glorious picture.M. ginger for spice.Frosting Grape and Fruit Co., Orlando, Fla. 12-15-tf FOR' CUTAWAY HARROW prices,address E.

G. M. for layer Cake.-Soak one FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans, Hubbard, Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent.
[Remainder next week. Game fowl. Lan shan, Game and IO-21-tf .
] of
-. teaspoon gelatine one_hour !in one tablespoon Pekin duck eggs for hatching. Mrs. W. II.
a- Of cold water; then add one ta- Mann, Mannville, Fla. 12-1-12

Christmas Fancies. blespoonful of hot water and one cup IMPROVE YOUR LANDS.-Better than guano Notice of Incorporation

At this when of powdered sugar. Stir till smooth; in "Giant Beggarweed. Write for Notice is
season, busy fingersare prices. W.M. Girardeau Monticello Fla 12-8-2 hereby given that the undersignedwill
for loved spread on cake and set away to harden; present the proposed charter for the incorporation -
preparing dainty gifts do not place in the oven. WELL SEASONED CYPRESS LADDERS of the "Florida Mutual Benefit Assoda-
ones, a few ideas of inexpensive and Cracker Pudding.-Split dozen crackers feet long, at lowest prices. Send for lion," now on file in the office of the Clerk of
a to T. S. Fla. the Circuit Court for
prices Gregg Citra 12-1-4 Duval county Florida, to
attractive novelties will be appropriate.A ; lay the surface over with raisins, the Hon R. M. Call, Judge of the Circuit Court

dainty gift for a young girl is a placing the halves together again; tie FOR' SALE and for timber cash,lands.time or trade E. RUMLEY,orange, Keuka groves,, day in said of January89S.The county and State. for approval,on the lit

of fine and them closely in a cloth, and boil them Fla.
in 3-u-i6t
quire paper envelopes a character and objects: of the corporation to 7
twenty minutes in milk and water, With be formed, is a benevolent association
to
handsome case. Take a sheet of celluloid CITRUS TREES.-Fine stock; none better low provideaid
a rich sauce this is excellent. and square treatment No "back and assistance and care for the sick,needy
and cut the edges in tiny seal Short Cake for-Any Kind of Fruit,- numbers" offered. Write for prices. Thirteen and and disabled of its members;to buy and sell real

lops, and paint a border of blue bells Rub a piece of butter the size of an egg years town experience.Fla. Phoenix Nurseries, Braiden-II 3-i8 bers,personal and transact property such for other the business benefit of as its Is mem-usually

all around. Fold this over the paper into a little flour,pour into it two cups of SEED-Duke ... necessary for such corporations.
WATERMELON Jones' (new) D. H.
and tie in the center and at each end sour cream, two even teaspoons of soda, Florida Favonte, Seminole, H.S. WAUCKX CAMPBELL, ,
one teaspoon of salt; roll out one-half Dixie, Ga. Rattlesnake, Pride of Ga., Jumbo, :MATT. G.Jomrsox
blue ribbons ,
with passed through inch thick. Bake in layers and spread. Jones and Southern Beauty Muskmelon or Cantaloupe. CXOMWELL GIBBONS
small slits made for the In Special prices in large quantities. W. :MAX HI&SHICAIYX. ,
purpose. Cottage Pudding.-One pint floor half
M. Girardean,Monticello, Fla. it Jacksonville, Fla ,Dee 1st, 1894.ig .










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.:.' ', THE FLORlbi. FARMER AND FRUiT-GROWER. 799




I1. SAVANNAH r. LINE. The Clyde Steamship Co.



.Time. 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
T 'J ** between I NEW YORK, CHflHIiESTOH: HMD FLORIDA IdNES.
Savannah
and Boston, 65 to 70 hours.


The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

It OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. both ways to sail: as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,


(STANDARD TIME.)
Pa..a.Qe Raters: tt From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

t Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 435o; Monday, Nov. 26th, at 3 p m........"*SEMINOLE". .......Sunday, Dec. 2d, at 7:00 a m
Steerage, $12.50. Wednesday, .". 28th,at 3 p m. .......IROQUOIS". ........Tuesday 4th at 9:00: a m
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 Excursion, $47.301; Steerage, $14.25 Friday, 30th. at 3 pm....... .."CHEROKEE"; .. .. .. Thursday 6th,at 10:00: a m
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed_ ;to sail as follows: Monday, Dec. 3rd,at 3 pm........"*YAMASSEE"..........Sunday, 9th at 1:30pm
Wednesday, u 5th. at 3 p m.ALGONQUIN".........Tuesday, nth, at 13o= p m
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Friday, 7th, atspm........."SEMINOLE" .........Thursday, it I3th, at 4:30: am
Monday, Ioth, at 3 pm.........IROQUOIS".. ......Sunday, 16th,at 7:00: a m
(Central or goo Meridian Time.) Wednesday: .e 12th, at 3 p m...... ..."CHEROKEE" ......Tuesday" t< 18th,at 8:30: a m
Chattahoochee......... .. .........................................Saturday, Dec. i, 7.00 p.m. Friday II 14th,at 3 p m.........."Y EMASSEE',........Thursday U 2oth, at 10:00: a m
Nacoochee .......................-_................... ............Monday, Dec. 3, 8.00p.m. Monday, I7th, atspm........ "*ALGONQUIN".......Sunday, U 2jrd, at 1.30pm
Tallahassee.... ......... .... .... .. ............................Wedn'SdayDec. 5, 11.00a.m. Wednesday U Igth, at 3 pm........."SEMINOLE"..... ...Tuesday, 25th, at 4:00: a m
City of Augusta....................................................Friday, Dec. 7. i2.3op.m. Friday, 21st, atspm........... "IROQUOIS;" .......Thursday, ittt 27th,at 5:00am:
City of Birmingham........ ..................,.....................Saturday, Dec. 8, 1.30 p. m. Monday, U 24th, at 3 p m....... "CHEROKEE" ...... ..Sunday, 30th at 6'30 a m
Kansas City...... ...................... .............................Monday.,. Dec. 10, 3.00p.m. Wednesday, Itfl Chattahoochee..0.Wedn' Friday, 28th, atspm........."ALGONQUIN"........Thursday, It 3rd,at 8:30: am
fiI I f Nacoochee ................ ................... ..... ................Friday, YDec.Dec. 12 14,, 5.00 6.ooa.p.m.m. Monday, 31st, at 3 p m........ "SEMINOLE" .........Sunday.U 6th,at 12.00; n'n
Tallahassee .................. ................ ........................Saturday, Dec. 15, 7.00 p.m. For New York direct.
I City of Augusta......................................................Monday, Dec. 17, 8.oop.m.
City of Birmingham! ...............-............. .................Wedn'sdayDec.19I1.00a.m. -
% Kansas City...................... .... ...S........................Friday, Dec. 21, i.oop.m. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.
Chattahoochee..Saturday, Dec.22,
h, Nacoocllee ........ ...................................................Monday. Dec. 2 ., 4.00p.m.2.00p.m. Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south
i Tallahassee......... ...... ................................... ........Wedn'saayD8C.26 5 oo p. m. bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
i City of Augusta....................................................Friday, Dec. 28, 6.30a. m. :
City of Birmingham.... ... ......................................Saturday Dec.29, 7.00 p. m. From Philadelphia STEAMSHIPS
Kansas City......................................... .................Monday, Dec.31, 8 oop.m.City : : From Jacksonville Direct:
Wednesday, November28th............. ....WINYAH........... ......Monday, December 3d
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Tuesday, December 4th...............DELAWARE......... ......Sunday, December 9th
of Macon....................................................... Thursday Dec. 6. 11.30 a. m. Saturday, December 8th....................WINYAH...... ...........Thur.sdayDecember 13th
Gate City............................................................. Thursday, Dec. 13, 5.30 m.
City of Macon........................................ ... .......... Thursday Dec. 20, 11.30 p.a.m. QUICK DISPATCH AND PERFECT VENTILATION FOR
i Gate City........................... ....................:........... Thursday, Dec. 27, 5.30p.m.
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.

(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

i Dessoug..................u_........,-......................................__....Dec. 8, .m.
Dessoug...........................................................................Dec. 18, I.3op 9.308. m. S r. J'OHNS: RIVER LL E.
Dessoug...... ........................................ ...._.................... .Dec. 28, 6.30a.m. _
For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on

THESE PALACE STEAMERS, the St. Johns River.


Connect at Savannah. with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western Railway The elegant iron side-wheel steamers
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad.
..a .Through Bills of Lading, Tickets,and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South. "Ci1y of J"acksonv-i11e: : ;" .
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to '
W. SHAW
Capt. A. ,
9 R.L. WALKER,Agent, C. G.ANDERSON Agent.
New Pier No.35, North River J.New York. City Exchange Building Savannah Ga. "E'RED'K: DeBAR.Y,"
RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents LewiS' Wharf, Boston.
.W. L.JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia. Capt. T. W. LUND,Jr.
W. ii. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville,daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford
J.D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav.,Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway.N. Y. daily except Sunday, at 9.00 a.m.
J.L. ADAMS Gen'l East.Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A.DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway, New York.> 306 Washington St., Boston. SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUNll..
J. P.BECKWITH, General Agent, 121 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. Read down. Read
W. J. FARRELL Soliciting Agent. W.E.ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Pass. up.
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass.Agt., Leave.. 3.30 p. m. ...................... Jacksonville ...................... Arrive a. m.
121 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. Agent, 8,45 p. m. .........................Palatka. ........................ Leave 3.30
c.. 3.00 a. m. ...................... .Astor .................... ...... .e 9.00 p. m.
/ 4.30 a. m..........................St. Francis...................... 3.00 p. m.
u 5.30 a. m. ...... ..... ............ Beresford....................... It 12.00 1.30 p. m.
II 6.00 a. m. ...... ................Blue Springs... .................. It noon
t 'rITE BEST ]F I ijiZERS Arrive 8.30 a. m. ...... .......... .......Sanford.................. ...... 11.30 a.a. m.m.
.e 9.25 a. m. ........................ Enterprise................ ... 9.00 9.30 a. m.

.- WITH A General and Ticket Office 88 West
Passenger Bay St., Jacksonville
: H. PURE BONE A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent Bowling Green, New York.
BASISAre M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
D. D. C. MINK General Freight Agent. 12 So. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia Pa.
I Manufactured by the THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street Jacksonville, Fla.
L B. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Darling Fertilizer Co.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Qenl Agents,

13 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.W. .

OF PAWTUCKET R. I.
,
.
A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.
,
We also carry in stock Potash. Nitrate Soda Kainit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poul-
try, Sulphur, Cottonseed Meal Tobacco Stems Land Plaster and Ashes. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,

SOUTHERN OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE AT JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

t [Rear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway between Main and Laura Sts. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

Send for Pocket Memoranda Book. ,

QQ EST BAY ST., A.CK@lONVIL x.. E, P'hA.

FERTILIZERS We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of


Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

.
Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.
OUR BASE IS BONE, NOT PHOSPHATE ROCK.

.
This is a Guaranteed Fact. STATE AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE


Yugeri-Illen Fertilizer Bo. A NITRATE SODA '
Standard Guano & Chemical Go ,
MTg "
Star Brand Fertilizers, Pr' MURIATE OF POTASH,


No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La. GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. jfM SULPHATE POTASH,

.
Orange Tree and Vegetable. \

.. OSCAR H. NOLAN, State. Agent.Write FERTILIZER.These r KAINIT, Etc.

for Almanac, Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. Send for Fertilizers Catalogue have free.no superior in the market and a trial will convince.

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800 THE' FLORIDA FARMER AND.- FRUIT-GROWER. ,
-
;
"-

EsrtabUshed in 1876.



THE PAINE FERTILIZER CO.




Can Obtain the Highest Prices For


ORANGES, PINEAPPLES, TOBACCO, TOMATOES, WATERMELONS .I


And, all Fruit and Vegetable Crops Shipped them to New York. Ship via Clyde Line.It .


is decidedly to our interest to have those who use or expect to purchase our: brands of fertilizers $219.07 net-fully 25 to 50 per cent.higher than any other melon growers in Florida or Georgia have,
secure the very highest prices for their fruit and vegetables,and see that they get full NET ever received for their shipments during the entire season.
RETURNS We have accordingly arranged to sell at New York, the best market in the country, (For an itemized list of these sales see F. F. & F. Grower for Nov. ipth '94.) .
if properly worked,the crops of our customers and their friends. We have employed men, thorMr.. Bigelow raised these magnificent melons,the finest ever seen in N. Y.,with our celebrated
oughly acquainted with this business,in New York State,and you can rest assured that none of brand. of TRUCK FARMERS' SPECIAL.
your consignments will be sacrificed on glutted markets,as in such instance we have arranged to No company watches their Special Brands as we do,a letter of inquiry going to each purchaser
reforward.at a nominal expense to interior markets. after the gathering of his crop;this,combined with our numerous and exhaustive tests, have en-
During June and July, 94,we handled and sold the entire watermelon crop of G. W. Bigelow abled us to gradually improve our Special Crop Mixtures so as to meet the crop and soil require-
of Bushnell, Fla. The NET RETURNS we sent him were$6,134.15 for 28 carloads-or an average of ments thus greatly increasing the yield.

,
Our new publication of testimonials,from those using our Special Crop Mixtures, contains some very interesting letters. The following is a sample:

The Paine Fertilizer Company, i Broadway, New York:. MANNVILLE,FLA.,Nov.21, 1894.
GENTLEMEN-I have used your Special Brands of Orange and Truck Fertilizers for a number of years and am better pleased the more I use'them Last season shipped my oranges to two
different firms and the catalogues show that my oranges brought from 25C to 400 per box above the average sales of the day, and the parties wrote me. "We can get high prices for good oranges at
any time and YOURS are good." The Rev.A. Flower here has trees that were set out four years ago that have made a remarkable growth and are bent to the ground with fruit,and they have had
no other fertilizer than Paine's"Tree Grower Special." I know of no fertilizer that will give such satisfactory results,both in growth of wood and quality of fruit,as Paine's Fertilizers
Very truly yours,
WM..L. ORANGE;
Settle the"potash question"by using potash from that best adapted to the crop you are raising and see that it is properly combined with phosphoric acid,ammonia,lime,magnesia,etc..,as
found in. our SPECIAL CROP MIXTURES .

VS/EI HAVE FULLY DEMONSTRATEDthat

our Company could prepare HIGHER GRADES of fertilizers and sell them at LOWER PRICES than other manufacturers. The reason is obvious. We are home manufacturers,saving all 'ex
tra costs transportation,additional handling,drayage,etc., extra storage and the Jacksonville agents' commissions. In purchasing from us, you secure your fertilizers from first hands-the
manufacturers-as all our shipments are direct from our factory, accordingly we can make you a lower list price on our Special Crop Mixtures. But in addition to this,we propose,during the present
season. of'94- Sajto give every purchaser of our brands the benefit of all the profits of the middle-men and agents,therefore we will allow, with ALL CASH ORDERS,


A' DISCOUNT OF $4.00 A TON FROM OUR LIST PRICES,

\ The usual commission paid to agents. We propose to give the growers of Florida and other Stales their fertilizers on closer margins of profit than ever before.
>..
,., A complete treatise on the most successful fertilization for young and bearing orange trees on pine and hammock ,_

lands in Florida for increased profits, sent on application.Write :' '7'

"'. +5-

for our new fertilizer pamphlet for'95 and all agricultural information, samples, analyses,prices, stencils, etc.,etc.,to _>

THE PAINE FERTILI E-R CO., ,

FACTORY, EAST JACKSONVILLE. New Offices, 670, 672 and 674 East Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, or No. 1 Broadway, NEW- YORK.
y\
N BAt the earnest solicitation of those who used the Ground Stock Food we prepared for them a few:years ago,we have again placed it on the market. It is undoubtedly a hi high-classViealthy
nutritive food,and will keep stock and poultry in better condition and save you 30 per cent in your feed bill. "

-

JOHN L. MARVIN: President. [ SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK

. H. T. .BAYA. THOS. W. CONRAD,
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.;

CRPlTfllk $100,000. OF FLORInA, ..' .

JACKSONVILLE. 'A'..
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK .
"CAPITAL, $50OOO : ". .

H. ROBINSON, President. W.J. IIAIIKISHEIMEK,VIce-Prea.\"' .
JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA r-.
'
TVM RAWLINSON, Cashier, ,.,
,if',
Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections and General

Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE DIRECTORS :

H. ROBINSON, J.HILDEBRANDT, P.E. McMURRAY,
: INVITED.DIRI W.J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT,
J. A. HENDERSON, C.C. ROBERTSON, W. B.OWEN.

C rORS I Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay- -I.;
John L. Marvin A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin, ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
H. T. Baya T. W. Roby Judge R. B. Archibald, Savings. #
Judge E. M. Randall., C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson
Dr" H. Robinson., John E. Hartrldge.

'0 THE FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. .



FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA An Incorporated Home Association of Orange. .Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL,$300,000.
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
J"ACI SONVI L E. order. Write for price list and terms. _
-:OFFICERS :-
The Oldest National Bank in the State. GEO. R.FAIR ANKSt.President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President. s
ALBERT M.IVES GenU Mgr.and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
DIRECTORS-Goo. R. Fairbanks,Alachua Co.; E.G.Hill Bradford O.. Dr.E.Be Pratt
This Bank,after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special exami- Hi11sboro Co.: John Fabyan, Lake Co.: By Crutcher Orange do.= ; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
nation by the United States Comptroller's Department- ,and has had its charter extended for an J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard CO'LF. G.Sampson, Marion Co:) C.V.Hillyer, '
other period of twenty years Marion Co.; John M. BryanJ.Osceola Co.; W. AJ. Stanton, Putnam Co; M. S.Moreman St..
By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity, Johns Co.; C. F. A.Bielby, volusia Co.;Irving Keck,Polk Co. .
strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We AddreSS,' correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville,Fla Stencils,
invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business relations, assuring you that your with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.

JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY

President. Cashier. PIEMT'B PATENT ORANgE BOX.. TRA?.

Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
Manufactured ''out of Florida woods.


To Orange -Growers.The Combining STRENGTH, NEATNESS, and ECONOMY. No soaking
required. The most-perfect Hoop on the market.. Cut by the. '
most improved Veneer Machine in the State the angles
largest crop and best grade of fruit can only be obtained by using fertilizers containing ; .
reinforced,with the strongest naval duck, "-

Not less than I 27 Actual Potash. (K8< ) Combining economy and strength,and being the most LABOR-SAVING STRAP ever offered.
Dimensions, X inch by%,perfectly finished and straight. Satin finished sides .
This is equally true of.pine-apples and other tropical fruits. and all box requisites. Samples and prices"on application to .
Our books on Potash are sent free. ..They will cost you nothing to read, and will save '

you dollars., "GERMAN, KALI. WORKS,93 Nassau Street' New York. PIERPONT MF'G COMPANY, CRESCENT CITY, .FLA.,

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