Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00054
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: November 24, 1894
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00054
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text



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8.'Powers,PubU.herand Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE FLA.. NOVEMBER 24, 1894N, Whole No. 1346 .V I,SERIES.Pol. No.47.'

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. Geo. S. Hacker & Son, W.'C.WILL. ESTABLISHED 1876. A.P.JONES. FLORID1


1 .c... _I =00 ORANGE MARKET,

1 COCO i

;co-) ..a.o0c 58 A 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 A 123 MICHIGAN ST., STORAGE AND


c Jacksonville, Fla.
a. Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application. eliable agents wanted at
oF1Q all principal shipping points,
... .
.----a.uas. .. o First Agencies.National Bank of Jacksonville. ,Fla. Bank Commerce,Buffalo,N.Y.. Dun's and Bradstreet's We have organized to establish a

And Building Material.CHARLESTON HOME MAh2IJL'For

S. C. Queen City Fruit Auction Co.

the of
orange growers Florida. Also to store
fruit,if necessary over a cold spell or to pre
vent guts,having fine
REFERENCES>Bank Commerce,Buffalo,N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's Agencies.

FraudB4ruitWrappers.NO SEED RYE, O7TS i j@ CLO ER. Storage Capacity and Very.

Genuine Florida Crown Rye. $2.50 per bu.;Texas Red Rust-Proof
MORE CHEATING. Oats, 75 cents per bu.
We flatter
Crimson Clover, lb. by mall post paid, 30 cents; in 5-lb lots and above ourselves that we can save the
by express or freight, 1 5 cents per lb.; Alfalfa or Lucerne,Ib by mall post- growers not a great deal of money by our system,
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers paid, 30 cents; in 5-lb lots and above by express or freight, 15 cents per for pledged to any one,but simply to do the best
may Ib, Japan Clover,Ib postpaid,40 cents; 5-lb lots and above by : our patrons.
now know that they get an honest ream ,or freight, 30 cents per lb. express
of 480 sheets and not 400 320 sheetsto
or Give Us Trial.B.
dealers H. G. HASTINGS Xs CO., SEEDSMEN.: a .
ream as some unscrupulous
supply. Catalogue free on application I nterlaohen I Florida



Wrappers are putup in packages some parts of the country at least,that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE,or no CORRESPONDENT
of 1000 each and each Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best :
Wmpperisnumbered and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varieties SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
in printing, consecutively now. for sale. Sample oranges by mail for IOC each,to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE.
from 1 to 1000. No one can C. A. BOONE, Agent. of Florida.

Semi-Tropical Nurseries,Orlando, Fla

our prices. Send for samples and prices s.t,: Everything for Florida. Established 1883. THE
toTHE 1 a
b : To everyone interested in plants,whether for House,Orchard or Gar
; .", CATALOGUE: and MANUALwill !
JERSEY CITY, N. J. be found invaluable. We can supply all Fruits as grown in the South
+' besides Ornamental and Useful Plants and Trees from the"Four Quarters
N. .-We do not deal in unprinted C of the Earth." (From Aloe to Zingiber,"etc.) Write to-day. .'c.
REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla. .

Bradley Redjldd. Eugene B.Redjleld. Free on application. The New ((1894-95) Catalogue of the Has a full Faculty of able Professors. Good
equipment in Laboratories and Shops. Gives
Five Full Courses Instruction.
Gives the results of 19 years experience with the Hardy Trifoliata in the U. S.; a MECHANICAL
Commission MerchantsAND describes over 300 varieties offered for Florida and Lower South,embracing: THE LATIN SCIENTIFIC '


9 GRANTS degrees of B.S.and A.B. to gradu
Fruit Auctioneers (Which makes vigorous,productive trees that bear young and STAND COLD.) A full line full courses. Young men board in
of orange and other citrus fruits,on both orange and tnfoliata stocks;peaches,pears,plums,Japan mess hall for $10 per month. Young women _
persimmons 'S,grapes, apricots olives, mulberries, pomegranates, nut trees, etc.,.also orna- boards month.with No private tuition families charged in residents town,$10 of to Flori$IS a
141 Dock Street Philadelphia,Pa. mentals,including da. Next term begins OCTOBER
For Catalogue,giving full information, write '
We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables, 60 Varieties of Roses Adapted to this Climate. to
either at private sale(which has heretofore been O. CLUTE, President. '

our added custom to our)or business by the)as auction you may system desire.(recently G. L.. TABER, Glen St. Mary, Fla. Lake City, Florida.





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be Numerous tests have conclusively demonstrated that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes(white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can, however -
more effectively reached while in the egg,larva and pupa states. It is now in those states, but will commence hatching the fly about the middle of June.

:Now is 1he: 'T ime: to: Apply. ". "% '

It is also fatal to the: Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs,and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods. ... .

THE: EU REKA I NSECTICI DE ... .. :).: '
.. .
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THE OLD RELIABLE. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it. '-
.. ..
: -':;.<. ,.
Single barrels; ,ton or in car lots. ..

:. ". ..... SPRAYING" : : MACHINERY.: '
In Great variety at manufacturers'prices.
'. MOTOR. : d i:.
': A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost ot using insecticides. _
Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and wire bound.F.'- _
": Cargo will arrive in June. Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,
hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates and other growers supplies.: ,
-' ,The rate for transporting Insecticides has been reduced :+
from 6th class "
to class "K. A
reduction of more than 50 per cent. ''.,.:.:1'.

Correspondence .. '. ,
Wavoross Wharf.
Jacksonville. Fla.



been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and them
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement: our-

That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.

It .has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

I.L other Insecticides hare been throughout the State, '

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to the
. accomplish purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed
the, trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. Jon

As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion which

,is very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or,Yellow
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. .

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak.

.These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. .
.' References and general directions for using furnished on application.
'. Write for Price-List. :"


San Mateo. Fla.


Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone I

This is a Guaranteed Fact. JACKSONV ,LE.

The Oldest National Bank in the State.
Standard Guano & Chemical MTg Co.No.
This Bank,after twenty years of successful business,has just undergone a rigid special exami-
nation the United States
by Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for
14. Union St., New Orleans, La. other By period conservative of twenty,yet years liberal methods,this bank has achieved the highest reputation for }
strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.
We invite a visit or correspondence,looking toward business
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent. favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.relations,assuring you that your

Writ for Almanac,Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. JAMES' M. SCHUMACHER President., R. C. COOLEY
I Cashier.

NURSERIES OF THE Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.


Milwaukee Florida Oraqge Co. OTKSH' FBRTILIZINQ F :

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood. I ORANGE TREES AND EARLY VEGETABLES
for sale at all times.I Use only
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
For Catalogue and Price-List,address Fertilizers Containing Over 10 Per Cent of Potash.

A L. Information and Pamphlets free.GEHMAN .
DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. .
KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York City

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Grove ,Orchard. materials for this mixture cost $24.40 muriate of potash, and have experi-- the acidity of our already too acid ,
per ton in Jacksonville' and 44 pounds mented on single trees and a little on soils. )
contain just the amount of mineral field crops. I have not seen any "Continuing, nearly all the phos- ;
Phosphoric Acid and Oranges. matter and ammonia represented by good from it yet. phoric acid in our fertilizers is derived :
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. 10 boxes of oranges and 100 poundsof My place is on a high pine ridge, from bone, which is an uncertain and ,;
In studying the fertilizers recommended wood and leaves.In stiff clay subsoil, the soil and the clayto expensive element,and there are heavy
for bearing orange trees and percentage this fertilizer con- any depth we have been full of iron freights to pay on it. Here in Florida't'
comparing them with the amount of tains, potash 5.4, ammonia 5.4, phos- and sulphur. we have millions of tons of phosphatethat
material taken from the soil by the phoric acid 3.6. I tried another experiment this year can be mined and ground at a :
fruit, the great excess of phosphoric So much for theory. In actual that may interest some of the family"M. cost not exceeding one half that of n
acid is the most conspicuous circum- practice this year I have endeavoredto G." speaks of. I had a square ground bone and which equals it in "'
stance and next to this the deficiencyof keep the phosphoric acid within of new ground, about five acres, every respect. The Massachusetts
ammonia. reasonable limits, to. give the trees as rather low, moist land. I laid it oft agricultural report for 1892 gives 139
Taking any one of the standard much ammonia as I dared to do while for corn and put in the drills, in every analyses of bone, averaging 4 01 percent
brands, say Mapes' "Fruit and Vine," providing plenty of potash for the alternate six rows, cottonseed meal of nitrogen and 23.34 per cent. .
we find that a ton contains, phosphoric fruit. My formula contains more and soft phosphate. In all the rows of phosphoric acid. In estimatingtheir
acidfor, 4,737 boxes; potash for i-, potash and less phosphoric acid than where cottonseed meal was used the value they are classified accord-
375 boxes and ammonia for 442 boxes.It any complete fertilizer now offered, so corn was very poor-nearly nothing.In ing to how fine the bone is ground.
'is certain we can save somethingby far as I am aware, and costs decidedlyless all rows where soft phosphate was Thus in fine ground bone the nitrogenis
leaving out part of this excess of per unit of fertilizing material used the corn was very good. Stand- valued at twelve cents and the phos-
pnosphqric acid which merely accumulates than standard brands. It contains : ing on a hill, a few hundred yards phoric acid at seven cents a pound.In .
unused, in the soil. 1,000 lbs. sulphate ammonia; 6,000Ibs. away, when the corn was about grown, coarse,ground bone the nitrogen at
After a number of years of routine blood and bone (8 per cent. am- : the difference was very noticeable. It lYz cents and the phosphoric acid at
fertilizing in my grove I determinedto monia); 3,000 lbs. bright cotton seed I looked as if the rows where the cot- three cents. The average: analysis'- of--
try an experiment or two as-to this meal ((8 per cent. ammonia); 280 lbs. tonseed meal was used had been cut these 139 samples would give 80.2
i' matter. Two years ago in my bear- nitrate soda; 4,ooo lbs. ground tobacco pounds of nitrogen and 466.8 poundsof
ing grove which is in several detached stems ((7 per cent. potash); 10,000Ibs. out.The result was a'very great surpriseto phosphoric acid in each ton of 2,000
parts with varying soil and situation, I 48 per cent. sulphate potash; total my neighbors and myself. We are pounds of ground bone, valued by the
manured every alternate three rows of 24,280. This contains 12 per cent. all anxious to find a reason for this re- experiment station prices at $44 70
trees heavily with dissolved bone actual potash, 4.7 per cent. ammoniaand sult. We would like very much to per ton for the fine ground bone and
black, leaving the next three rows 4.8 per cent. phosphoric acid, have your opinion and that of any of $2.02 for the coarse ground."
without any application of phosphoric and the materials, at published prices, the family. Our theory is that the
acid, and so on, alternately throughthe cost about $28 per ton f. o. b. Jack- new ground was sour and the cot-
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower
sonville. :
whole twenty acres. tonseed meal assisted the acid to destroy -
Four selected trees were treated Ten pounds of this mixture containas the corn, while the lime in the The slip you enclose contains an
with 250 pounds each of the best soft much potash as 754 boxes, ammonia soft phosphate neutralized the humic unusual amount of misinformationabout
phosphate and three other trees with as 4 boxes and phosphoric acidas acid. Can this be so? It is importo the relative value and effects of
100 pounds each. All the trees re- 12 boxes of oranges, and I expectto us to know.I phosphate rock and raw and dissolved
ceived sulphate of potash and sulphate use about 15 pounds to the tree as got a car load of soft phosphatefrom animal bone.
of ammonfa. a first application this winter and per- Welshton last spring to experi- As to sour land this condition is
Neither in that year nor since haps a similar amount in the spring, ment with. Our experiments on the mainly found in low undrained tracts
have the phosphated rows shown the but a summer fertilizer should have orchards are not sufficiently clear to rich in organic matter which in decay
slightest difference from the non- less ammonia, otherwise the fruit give results at this time. Later we is not so completely decomposed as
phosphated ones, either in appearanceor would probably be coarse.THEODORE may do so. on dry land by the putrefactive fer- .
in fruit, proving conclusively that L. MEAD. S. S. HARVEY. ments and molds. Yet .agricultural
there was already plenty of phosphoricacid Lake Charm, Fla., November, 1894. Quintette, Escambia Co., Fla. chemists for a long time were misledas
in the soil and that any further 4 to ferments by the fact that when
addition was wholly useless.In Interesting Experiments with Fertilizers. Scientific Misinformation.Last wet land is drained and thoroughlystirred
the case of soils not hitherto fer- and opened to the air it will
tilized with phosphoric acid, it may Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: week we made mention of the still further oxidize, saturating the soil
be argued that an excess of this ele- It looks as if there was a regular arrival in Florida of Andrew H. with solutions of poisonous humic
ment is needed for the formation of organized, persistent effort to b'nom Ward, the noted soda crank of Bos- acids by the solvent chemical actionof
wood and leaves. Be it so; I have potash. I find all my agricultural ton, and of his false science as propa- the oxygen of the air alone.
worked out a formula which will journals and the agricultural columnsof gated in an interview with the editorof There is another popular miscon-
theoretically replace the.export of newspapers frill of reasons why one the Fort Meade Pebble. This ception as to the chemical conditionof
mineral matter and ammonia in the should use potash. The potash trust week we give another installment of acidulated bone or rock, it being
fruit and provide for a large wood must be "whooping it up." The the- it, with a reply by Mr. E. S. Hub- assumed that the sulphuric acidis
growth at the same time, but I must ory appears to be in favor of extensiveuse bard. The clipping from the Pebbleis still free and immediately active
confess that I have not had the hardi but I am glad to see the able pen as follows : !, and solvent when the superphosphate
hood to apply it to my own bearingtrees off W. Adams probing for facts as "His main wish is educate the is applied to the soil, whereas it is
the proportion of ammonia being well.I farmer in the proper use of fertilizersand actually in a much more insoluble
so very much larger than is usually have always doubted the neces- in doing this he has to fight all chemical combination than airslackedlime.
thought safe to use. sity of potash on the soil, and as I ama the large fertilizer manufacturers in In superphosphate damp air
The replacing of the elements used pioneer in the fruit business of this the country, for he advocates the use will dissolve enough phosphoric acidto
in leaf and wood and fruit, allowing section it is but natural that my of raw phosphates instead of acidu rot the bags, but if properly'proportioned -
j ipq pounds of wood and foliage to neighbors should advise with, me lated. It is a well-known fact that the sulphuric. acid is completely -
: every ten boxes (650( pounds) of or- about what fertilizer to use. For fear phosphates or bone rendered soluble; taken up by the lime, forming
anges produced, requires 2.4 poundsof of leading them astray I told them I by the use of sulphuric acid immedi-- sulphate of lime, gypsum or land
potash, the same of ammonia and would try an experiment with potash.In ately revert to insoluble when placedin plaster. The fire test may be takenas
1.6 pounds of phosphoric acid. This March, 1893, I put on a fractionover the soil, and, as the Doctor claims, a comparative test of the, strengthof
lit proportion would be obtained by mixing twenty-five pounds of kainit to what is the use of going to the large chemical combination of sulphate
2,000 pounds cottonseed meal, the tree, on eighty trees through the additional expense of treating our oHinfe and carbonate of 'lime, for
500 pounds 48 per cent. sulphate pot- middle of my oldest pear orchard. phosphates with sulphuric acid ? It while 'at a moderate heat sulphate of
ash, 383 ,pounds dissolved bone (17 52 Those trees have been carefully is a positive injury to the soil for our lime will boil and lose the water of
per cent. sulphuric acid) ; or it 'could watched and-compared with adjoiningtrees sandy soils, he tells us, contain too combination a red heat that burns
be equally well obtained by mixing through two fruit seasons, by my much acid already. If these propositions up the carbonic acid of carbonate of
2,000 pounds ground tobacco stems, neighbors as well as myself, and now be true, and any chemist lime, making it caustic or quick lime,
333 pounds sulphate ammonia and I, as the leaves are falling at the end of will tell you they are, it will be will not change the chemical combination -
'- 371 dissolved bone. the second season the unanimous ver- seen that our farmers are through of sulphate of lime, which '
Perhaps a .combination of these two dict is that my money and labor were ignorance paying nearly double what ,yields only to concentrated acids. '
in equal parts would present the plant thrown away on that effort. This they should for their fertilizers and at This fact applies to phosphates generally

.food. in. more acceptable shape. The' year-.I purchased some high grade the same time each year increasing, I and because they are less and-

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LOCKHART LITTLE, President. J. E. STILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.




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'. Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. ... .' .

.' .-..- '>;;. <.' .
November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. .


: Orange Planters True Value Number One," Orange Planters True Value. Number Three;?"!' .

Supplies all the needs of the ,bearing:) tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.


We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. Pam-

phlets and prices furnished on application.more .


slowly soluble than carbonatesor I have an impression that Florida as a source of phosphoric acid and I Something More About Potash.
chlorides they,are more valuable as soils are often deficient in lime, and lime. Last summer I applied ten tons Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
fertilizers where.gradual effects are de suggest whether that may not be one of soft phosphate to my grove and Noticing the article of Mr. D. W.
sired. of the causes of die-back, foot-rot, etc. propose to do the same for a few years Adams in your columns, I am movedto
Phosphate of lime is also indestructible Let us briefly look at the sources of i"n order to stock the land with these say something to the orange -
at red heat; and good effects of lime for agricultural use. Limestoneis two essentials, and get them thoroughly of Florida, fearing that Mr. growers 'Dud
calcined, low-grade, soft phosphate on practically unavailable even though diffused in the soil. My trees look ley W. Adams, in his wrath at an ad-
heavy, compared with their poor effects ground to a fine powder. Nevertheless well but I have no results to report. vance in the price of this important
\s on thin, lands must be attributed to it is slightly soluble, for in the Phosphoric acid being one of three, article of plant food for fruit trees of
the solvent effects on the humus o- great limestone districts water in yes, I will say four, absolutely needed all kinds, may move some growers to
heavy lands of the quick lime produced slowly percorating through seams and I elements of fertility,and Florida being abandon the use of fertilizing material,
by' calcining the carbonate of fissures of the rock dissolves and carries endowed with phosphates, probably which all experience has shown to be
lime that forms usually the larger percentage away a minute portion, chiefly of! without parallel, it becomes a subjectof essential to the welfare of the. trees,
of the composition of the low lime, making the water hard. Per-. prime importance to have the ques- and in which the sandy soils of Flor-
grade phosphates. haps such water may have acquired i tion of availability, immediate or re- ida are notably deficient. The growthof
Federal.Point, Fla.Lime. only one part of lime in a thousandBut mote, of the hard or soft rock, with- pines, instead of hard wood timber,
as Manure. this solution is crystal clear and : out acid treatment, authoritatively set- is of itself an' indication of this.
Editor Farmer and ait-Grower: in the best possible condition for tled, and I know no field of inquirymore The experiments of Mr. Adams
Looking over the file of your paper plant absorption.In worthy the attention of our were evidently too inexact to prove:"
that,came during my absence, nothing such limestone districts we find State Experiment stations. Carefully anything. The application of'fertilizing -
t has; given me more satisfaction than vegetation most varied, thrifty and conducted experiments on vegetables, matters to adjoining rows of trees,
reading the article of Professor J. F. abundant, and the animal world flour- cereals and fruits should be continuedfor if the application was made in the

W. Johnston, September i, page 551, I ishes proportionately.Florida years until decisive results, pro proper place (out where the feeding
entitled "Lime as Manure." In this limestone makes a very and con, shall have been obtained.If roots of the trees are) would, in 'the
he shows that lime is a most valuable I pure lime that readily absorbs mois- plants can obtain their phosphoricacid case of well developed trees, benefitone
and absolutely necessary ingredient in ture and carbonic acid gas from the without adding nearly a like per- row as much as the adjoining one,
plant food,not merely a soil sweetener, ,atmosphere, and so disintegrates to centage of sulphuric acid it will be and if the application was made along
fertilizer, solvent and stimulant. the finest powder. This fineness, in- much better. the trunks of one row, there is no
have, long held similar views, and deed, I have found to be most disagreeable The acids of carbon, sulphur and wonder that no benefit was noticed,
believe that this cheapest of all min- in handling and spreading phosphorus are very active in their for he might as well have hung a bag
eral substances_ is one of the prime essentials it. I believe, however, that it is a affinities. Though seemingly fast of oats out.of reach of a horse and told
,to profitable farming and fruit most valuable form of agriculturallime bound to the lime, yet when the re him to help himself. The feedingroots

growing.Professor. being a carbonate that aids nitrification spective rocks are minutely subdividedand of a tree are out at, or beyond,
Jonhston's words are I of vegetable matter i in the brought into contact with other the spread of the branches, and thatis
worthy of the most careful readingand soil, besides furnishing lime to plants alkalies they forsake their old associ-- the only place to feed the tree. Ex- .
consideration. I would like to Oyster shells are also valueless as ates and enter into new combinations, periments, to be of value, should be
quote some things from it, but the plant food, but when thoroughly leaving the lime free in a very purest of separate blocks of trees or of vege-
whole is like a,,newly-filed saw: ; every burned and slacked the lime becomes te for plant use. We know this i is tables.
sentence is a sharp tooth that cannot useful. true of sulphate and carbonate of lime; The amount of potash needed and
be taken out without spoiling the saw. Sulphate of lime- -is then of used fruit
gypsum why not phosphate of lime? by a tree, cannot be meas-
Let us'take one sentence that especially another valuable source ot lime fertility ured the
The first foot of superficial earth is a by percentage in the wood.
applies to Florida. ''Sandy or sili- used in immense quantities in the vast and wonderful laboratory, i in Potash is the essential element in the
cious soils are more or less barren i if north.
which, with warmth and moisture,the formation of starch in plants, and
lime be absent; also, two pithy sen- Lastly, a most abundant source of acids and alkalies in the soil, with mi starch must be made before any sugar
tences in the concluding paragraph: lime is found in
our phosphates t is formed
crobes and vegetable vitality and plant ; as grape sugar (the chief
"To wind the liming of the landis hard rock and soft
up phosphate, the juices, decompositions and new combi form of sugar in our fruits,) is made
the harbinger of health, as wellas former as floats (if ground fine enoughto nations take place, and thus food for by inorganic ferment in the plant,
abundance. It salubrifies no less thanit be floats indeed and
) the latterdried the infinitely varied vegetation is changing' starch into glucose. Has
enriches the well cultivated district"When pre
and finely'ground.. Some say pared, and upon this vegetation sub 'Mr.: Adams found no.difference,in the
we consider that lime, according that the crude'phosphate is entirely fruitfulness of his orange 'trees; since
to the minute analysis of insoluble hence inert and sists.How
valueless. wisely are the vegetable and he added potash to the previous dressing
Prof. VVhitner, forms so large a percentage It must also be said that most of the animal kingdoms arranged. The bal of tankage? The use of nitro,
in the ash of the orange, viz, testimony concerning soft phosphateis fertilizer
ance of product is, or can be, vastlyon genous would certainly enable -
root 49.89, stem 55.13 leaves 56.38, exparte and offered by interested him
persons to
the side of vegetation, so that the grow big trees: but did
fruit 24.52 and seed 18.97, we oughtto in its sale. Nevertheless I fruit
they to
latter can never fail of full sustenance.L. same extent as they
appreciate the importance of having have confidence in the who have
men H. ARMSTRONG. have since using potash? If not, why
a: quantum sufficit of it in our soil. certified and have concluded to try i it St.Nicholas, Fla. has he continued to use it? If it did






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USE 1 Every kind of Raw Material.
1. and Pineapples.
For Orange Trees,
< 0. A
A y _.

trees Vegetable fertilizer.
trees. For young orange .............., 5 to 6 ccn t.
For bearing orange Ammonia per
........ cent.
.... .. 5 to 6
For bearing orange trees. ...... ....... 3 to 4 per cent.Avail Ammonia : ........ to 8.per. .. Avail phos. acid ........ 8 to 8" ".
Ammonia 7
_ Ammonia............... 4 to 5 per. cent: acid. ... 6 to 8.*. Avail phos. acid. ..... to 3.* Insol I phos. acid ........ 2to 4" .*.
Availphos.acid......... 8 to 10.. "" Insol phos.phos.acid........ 2 to S. Insol phos. acid.. ....; .... 2 3 to 4.. .. Potash K20.....,........ 9 to 10"
Insol phos. acid......... 2 to 3.. Potash K20 ............ 14tol6" Potash K20. $38: per ton.
Potash K20............ 10 to 12. $37 ton. I $34 per tOD-


iff t( cent.P advance and awaiting your reply, I I The Pinery.
satisfiedfrom I with each other by 100 per
not pay him, and he was conflicting analyses confuse am yours truly.
experiment that it was of no use, These J. D. RUSSELL.
f; Edited by JOHN B. BEACH. Melbourne, Fla.
J"\ wtfy did he propose to continue, its me.Now Mr. Adams may find the desired Gainesville, Fla.

,, use'to the extent of'tw.o car loads this information, in Bulletin No. 93 of There is no doubt th it mulchingor Pineapples at Avon Park.

" It season? Have not the orange grow. Station of assists in caus- Fruit Grower
t in the California Experiment even growing grass Editor Farmer and :
\ ers of Florida been using potash? Are which Mr. E. W. Hilgard, the emi- ing a deposit of frost and small; tender At a meeting of the Avon Park

.1 large and increasing quantity continue to nent chemist and expert in fruitgrowing plants standing near a small quantityof 'Horticultural Society, "when about

they all so foolish as to benefitto is director. In the same bulletina trash will be more injured by frost pineapples were represented'
use an article of no practical comparison is made between analyses than those which stand in open I held last week, we, the following

them ? will find that the ash of made in Europe and analyses madein ground. But this difference need not growers of Avon Park, were appointed:

Mr. Adams contains at least California, and these analyses do be taken into account except with a committee to answer through your
the orange tree He not by any means differ to such an ex- sensitive! plants to which one or two columns the several letters that have

five times five per cent.that of the potash.amount of tent as Mr. Adams indicates. The to- degrees of frost is injurious or fatal. been written respecting the fruiting of
remember too which
must small tal ash contents of a crop of 20,000 With orange or pecan trees pines at this place.
n.'Ich: 1n n.. tree a air andare
into the
proportion orange that has pounds,of European oranges was 121 4 reach some distance We find the reason why some have
the amount
to annuallyin pounds, and of the California crop of comparatively hardy, we do not not fruited within two years, was,
that tree
sold off from need
been 20,000 pounds it was 80.40 pounds. think the presence of mulching firstly, because the plants were not set
fruit.I of the European crop was be viewed with concern. It is advis- and
all about the"combine" The ash out until after the rainy season
4 know nothing: at of but I am composed of 55.60 pounds of potash able to wrap the stems of young trees thorefore did not put on any growththat
he speaks per- and of phosphoric acid; the con- anyhow (broom grass is a good mate-
of 13.40 year.
fectly satisfied that no grower afford or-to tents of nitrogen of the crop was 53.80 rial for this purpose); and if this pre- Secondly, The slips shipped here
anges or of other can : caution is taken need not fear the
pounds.In you from outside places have often been
ignore potash as a fertilizer, particularly southern the California crop were contained effect of the mulching.But three weeks or more in transit and arrived -

on'the sandy lands of our contains- 40.14 pounds of potash, io6o you should not allow mulchingto here dried out, badly heated,

coast. A Florida orange of pounds of phosphoric acid, 36.60 lie on the ground around trees with- many half rotten and some very small.,
about one-half of one per pounds of nitrogen. out stirring it once in a while, say two Fresh slips planted the middle of therainy
This looks small, but if anyone
potash. Now, these figures are plain enoughin or three times a year. If it lies un season have fruited fifty percent

will take the trouble to figure up indicating that potash is by far the moved the year: round the moisture within the two years, and suck-

the weight of fruit carried away annu- most important fertilizer ingredient for which it creates attracts the rootlets to in eighteen months.
will ers
ally from a large bearing tree, he and Then the looseness! of
it nitrogen the surface. thatif
oranges; next to comes We are unanimous in declaring,
find that there is a rapid consumption last phosphoric acid. the soil which also results from mulch- good slips are planted at the begin-

of potash. We must remember, too teach plainly in will permit the cold air to circu- have
ing good
of Now, these figures ning of the rainy season,
that the retentive power a what proportions the different kinds of late among the rootlets and injure with half the fertilizer that is
soil is far from( being equal to that of a ,
removed by them. Mulching does more damageby
plant food are annually put on in other places, fifty to seventy-
clay soil, and more frequent applica theoretical the circulation of cold
the promoting be reliedon
the orange crop; and. i five per cent. of fruit may
.tions are needed. deductions from these results are con- air about the tender rootlets than it in i the two years.

Surely there are Florida men among who have the not or- firmed by the experience of practical does by attracting frost on the surface. Captain Johnson of Fort 'Myers,

ange growers of growers of Florida, who know For this reason mulching should be who has been in the pineapple business
been using potash because of continue a mere that potash is, above all, required in stirred with a prong hoe occasionally, on the keys all his life, went over

"fad," men who would not had : order to produce healthy trees and, so as to settle and pack the ground I Mr. Bester's plantation when visiting
to use an article which experience cold air into the
be useless. It would good fruit. against the access of here a short time ago and said they
shown them to drawn in the Cali- soil. of he had
if The conclusions were the finest lot plants
help to make the matter plainer are as Unless the land is exceptionallyrich from
i and of fornia bulletin as regards 2. ever seen. The apples gathered
1 some one, with facts figures follows: "Potash is seen to be the and the orange trees are .very them this season have averaged four
some value and accuracy, give predominating ingredient, amountingto young, you cannot afford to grow even pounds. Other plantations not mentioned -

them to the public. Some men do may but quite half the weight of the ash; iis It one crop of oats among them. You in letters look just as good.We .

spend money because others therefore, highly important that the< would thereby be simply removing fertility -I emphatically deny that we require -

w there'must be some among the orange supply of this substance should be< which ought to be left there and cement under our soil or .slats

t growers of Florida who look closely which will sooner or later have to The the
kept up. you over it.protection. higher
after the expense of producing for B. VON HERFF.Mulching replace, if you expect the orange: trees hills the warmer the soil and the bet-

crop, and who can give a reason .. .. to amount to anything. Oats are an ter protection from frost. We wouldbe

the hope that is in them in using potash and Frost-Cropping exhaustive crop, and if you sow them pleased to see and show around

among your trees you are simply robbing interested in pineapple
F. MASSEY.N. Among Trees. any one grow-
''W. Paul. You might
Peter to pay WM. KING,
Station. Farmer and Fruit'Grower; ing.
C.Experiment Editor
R perhaps compromise by sowing a nar- GEORGE EDMESTON,
Potash in Oranges. i. I have a pecan and orange grove,,, row strip in the middle-say one L. N. PERKINS.Avon .

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: and want to mulch the trees with grass, swath in width-but if you do, you Park,Fla.

We notice in No. 45 of your valued weeds and rubbish which is lying or should make a binding.. compact.. with .

paper an article by Mr. Dudley W. the ground. If I put the mulching the orange trees to replace the fertility E. G. Hewitt, of New-Smyrna, 'has

Adapts: having reference to the contents around,now will it attract the frost i? which the oats may remove before the shipped the guavas he had put up in

'of"Potash in"Oranges," and stat- And will it do the pecans any good]iI ? tree roots reach out into that strip... honey. His method is entirely new

ing that analyses which had come to I have been told that pecans shouldbe to the people and he claims that the

his knowledge differed widely, and he kept clean all the year round, but Every year several hundred horses, guavas handled in this manner are

: "The reason I did not refe rto do not know if that is correct. I want mules and cows are brought here from the most profitable crop grown in the

says the potash in the fruit was because I to do it now and not wait till spring, other States and sold to our people, State.

did, not know: :whether it required if it will do no harm. while stock just as good, and at less
2.1 would also like to know if a crop cost can be raised here.-Leesburg
much or not. IWELL l MAC iERYworts.
S. will
of oats the orange trees Commercial. :aascsr
that I met a among .
"I am not aware *1Ikimisoftools.I Fortune fort! driller by cdntour
I harm them. They are only young .. AdumHntineprocew.cantAkeacore. Perfected Economical :
who does know. To be sure Artesian towork brRtean.Alrde.Le'n.beIP .
man Powder .
Dr. Price's Cream Baking u.TIIEAMYILICANWELLHfOBQ ,
have seen several alleged analyses of yet.Thanking for above informationin World's Fair Highest Medal and Diploma. Aurora, lilt/- Cklcag.. flU Dalla. TeL
{ the ash of oranges, but they do notagree I you



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Low Prices. .
Quick Shlpmeuts. Write for Circular. .,
\ \

Farmer $ Trucker Pruning Tomatoes as a Field Crop.
B. W. Stone, an experienced Geor- Live Stock.To saddle on the horse, put the boy on
"""' gia grower, writes in Home and Farm: horseback and lead the horse about
Strawberries.Editor "Most all the tomato raisers, who fifteen minutes; then I give the lad
Farmer and Fruit Grower. plant with a view to marketing, advo- Stop a Runaway Horse. the reins and let him gently exercise

To secure healthy,robust plants and cate the pruning of tomatoes. This Scarcely a week passes in any year the horse for half an hour. After this
future large crops, you must pick off pruning requires prompt attention, or that human lives are not jeopardized course of training any-man or boy can
the blossoms as they appear. If you else there is danger of doing more by horses taking fright and running ride the colt, provided he has sense
allow them to fruit, do not expect any harm than good. Pruning should be away. The man who can devise some enough to manage him kindly.-Cor.
thing more from them. When the commenced when the plants are means which will surely prevent this Dumb Animals.
planting is well done in straight rows, about one foot high. It is generally will be a great public benefactor. ...
the cultivation is very little trouble, best to reduce to one stem or stalk. Some one who professes to know, Swine for the South.
provided it is,taken in time Make it At every leaf there are two buds; one states that runaway accidents seldom Our climate is so mild; even in..
a point to go over ;all the ground once is a bud for a branch of the vine and occur in Russia. The means used in winter, that hogs can run in the fields
in"ten days during the growing.season. the other is a fruit bud. By remov- preventing them is very simple. I I and woods and find much to feed
You who have so much trouble in ino the branch bud we readily see It is asserted that in Russia a horse upon. Our forests abound in nuts of
keeping strawberries clear of weeds, that most of the growth it would have that is addicted to the habit of running several kinds, and usually a fine crop.
will be surprised how easy it is when taken will go into the fruit bud and away has a thin cord with a running of acorns. These help largely; witha
cultivated_ frequently._ We use a two- make the fruit rm it ornw ranidIv_ noose around his neck at the neck good forest range, hogs need only
0 U --C---J' and the be (!iven one mll1. .. .(pprt.......... .'.. ,.1. ,
norse riding cultivator, driving astride, much larger and ripen earlier. Some strap, end is tied-.- to-- the____ dach___0- u --- ---- --- 2 u"l."
the row. men will tell you that by pruning the board. In lieu of a forest range, a good
Very little work with the hoe is nec vines they will die early in the sum- "At Rome," says this informant, field of stock peas is better, and costs
essary, but that little ,must be done mer and bear no fruit, and by not "I saw in the. Corso a phaeton with but little labor. Nothing makes better
with judgment. The strawberry roots pruning, the vines will bear plenty of two spirited horses bolt. They were pork than stock peas, sweet potatoesand
largely near, the surface, particularlynear fruit till frost. All this is true, but' driven by a lady, and I expected to goobers, and all of these can be
the close of the season. We have one must remember that I am discussing see instant destruction. But the lady cheaply,raised in the South. Indeed,
seen apparently careful workmen who the raising of tomatoes for marketwhen coolly grasped a thin cord, and within they can be made cheaper than corn,
have left'the ground looking neat and I speak of the pruning process. 30 yards the horses came to a full even in the great corn States of the
clean, but who have cut off so many When pruned, the vines will die out stop. I afterward met the lady at Northwest, for the reason that, :when
roots.of the plant that it could be lifted about the first of middle of July, but Nice and expressed my surprise at the raised for swine, no harvesting is necessary
out by a single leaf. It is a good rule the profit. of shipping has about died skill with which she stopped the runs ,the hogs doing that work as
to hoe deep the first two hoeings, and out. The early tomato is what the ways. She treated it as a trifle, and their appetites demand. Even cottonseed -
after that to never disturb the soil more gardener makes his largest profit on, told me accidents from runaway horses < has proven to be most excellent .
than half a- inch deep within eight and his profits generally grow smalleras are unknown in Russia, as no one I P pork making material. A Georgia
inches of the plant. the season passes by. By pruning but a lunatic would drive without the farmer has discovered a process for
Mulching is one of the importantactors the tomato vines, they will bear earlier cord. When a horse bolts he always roasting it, by which the lint-the
{ in strawberry culture. If the and larger tomatoes, and that is what takes the bit in his teeth, and the skill] hitherto fatal obstacle to their use as
season is favorable, i. e.; if we have .is wanted for marketing. It is not of the driver is useless. The moment hog food-is burned off, the hulls
frequent showers, the strawberries will 1 advisable to prune tomatoes for family the pressure comes on the windpipethe rendered brittle and the kernel greatly j
be just as plenty and as large withoutthe use, as it is better fo have the vines horse knows he has met his mss improved." He says :
mulch, but they will be so well 1 bear till frost; early large fruit is not ter. Journal of Agriculture.How I do not at the present time raise
sanded that their market value will be in such demand for home consump any corn at all. I roast and grind 1;
very much lowered. With even a light tion. To keep an acre properly to Teach a Colt. cotton seed into meal and feed it to #

mulch this is remedied, and the enhanced pruned requires an outlay of about When I wish to teach a colt to everything I raise. I deem it equivalent
color and freedom from grit five dollars. a saddle I first carry to any food that is ever fed ton
put a blanket o animals. It is
makes for them a ready market. him folded better than oil meal ;
to about saddle size.
A Welcome Visit.or.On At its virtue has
lithe is never been extracted. It
season not favorable
and a Monday, December 3d, we will begin t the next lesson I make, the surcingle will .
drought ensues the berries keep for any length,.9f time and ..
dry auction ,
up our sales in Jacksonville,and quite tight; at the the third lesson will ;
and barely piy for picking. Here i is if growers will give us proper support we tight. At the fourth lesson I tie very the not mould, get musty or turn
; where careful mulching pays. The can continue during the season. Quit colt to the sour. I can make as much pork from
ground, being protected from drying consigning; sell on tree, or sell throughus. on him. He hitching post and put a boy 100 pounds of roasted cotton seed as '
winds and the gets accustomed to I can from 100 pounds of coma'
scorching sun, remainsmoist Jacksonville Fruit the weight and does
Auction mind
Co., not it then This
; of
and is thus enabled to bring the Thos. R. Towns, Pres. I take the boy off process treating cottonseed
remove the blanket
fruit to perfection.:-A. L. R. I and will, evidently, tend to change theirvalue .
.. .. THE MOST SIMPLE AND SAFE REMEDY put on the saddle, letting him sit to the Southern farmer, and
for a Cough or Throat Trouble there for fifteen minutes but
is .
Dr. Prlce'5 Cream Baking Powder : moving greatly increase his facilities for raising -
Bronchial Troches" They possess realmerit. himself about and otherwise making i hogs.
Most Perfect Made. himself .
conspicuous. Then I put the I have found watermelons to be a



.. .



", ', '. .--'
-' .
r 0' :

'. -

profitable crop to feed to hogs. Theyare separates the coarse, indigestible bran POPULAR POULTRY FARM :
cooling and nutritious, and pay from the meal, and is a far better arti- I ..

well for hog food. Indeed, the Southis cle to feed than the feed meal as it is APOPKA FLORIDA :

specially adapted to such a varietyof bought. The bran can go to the horseor .
food crops for sWine that it is cow, so there is no waste. j Opinion of the Press .

strange that more general attentionhas At noon feed the steeped hay, at The Vice-President of the Florida, Poultry Association -
and editor of the South Florida Home,
not long since been given to the night the wheat. Oats, cracked torn, makes the following comments on .the exhibitat
etc., scattered in the litter of the South Florida Fair:
hog.Previous The next in order comes the Popular Poultry
to the war almost scratching pen.
i Farm, Apopka,S. S.DeLanoy, proprietor, with
farmer raised an abundance of bacon. Always give your fowls a full mealat one trio each of Langshans Indian. Gath.s,
The.war left the country in such a demoralized night; at other times not quite 1 1I I White Leghorns and Black l\Iinorcas-.and four
condition generally that few enough to satisfy them. The object ; better trios were seldom seen. The Indian
of the old Southern farmers had the is to keep them busy during the greater Games were the best we 'have' ever seen"and
the blue card,as did the White )Ieg-
easily won
heart to-make an effort to.raise hogs, part of the day; to
h because hog stealing was so common. Some breeders practice feeding sev have had the first, but through an oversight of
Times are better now, however, and eral, times a day, feeding very little at i1ii11iI1iIiiiiJ1 the Judge it was given to.a pair that were dis
hog stealing is not the menace it once a 'time, in order to keep them busy. qualified.The .
this branch of Southern farm- But this method cannot be recom- above, coming from a breeder of experience -
was to
,is worth the attention of all who contem-
ing. A good, dry shed for them to mended for all, as most people would plate the purchase of fowls or eggs. .
sleep in is all the shelter they need. surely overfeed, and thus do more Send stamp for catalogue. .

With a grass pasture, peach and plum harm than good. s. (S. DeLAJMiscellaneous. N'OY49: PROP.just .
orchards, a field of stock peas, a few

acres in sweet potatoes, goobers and .
plant more trees.-B. W. Stone
melons, the Southern farmer is"solid Care of Chicks. Thomasville.

for plenty of good, cheap bacon. His The poultry manager of the .Experi- -"""_ .....--. .,.,... -...,- -,,- .
surplus labor can then be profitably ment Station at Ottawa, Canada, reports The Pumpkin's Hour for Growing.Mr. .
devoted to cotton, corn and a garden; the following results of the workin Pears for Florida. A., P. Anderson, a graduate
and with a few horses, cows, sheep or his section. Here are some concise The LeConte.-None should be student in the department oi botanyat

goats and plenty of poultry, if he is rules for the management of young planted except those guaranteed to be the Minnesota State University, has
not happy he never will be in this chicks: pedigree trees ; that is, trees that have just completed some novel and very

world.-N. O. Times Democrat. i. After hatching leave the chicks never been contaminated with the sap interesting investigations as to the

undisturbed in the nest for twentyfourhours. of French or quince stock. It is a : growth of plants. In this series of experiments -.

Banana Leaves for Cows. thrifty tree, heavy bearer, fruit of vari- : Mr. Anderson has been

There,is no green feed-stuffgrowing 2. First food should be stale bread able quality, very large and showy, a studying the growth of the pumpkinand

in Florida which cows will eat more soaked in milk, squeezed dry, and good shipper, and so far has been the its vine, making use of his ,new
readily than banana leaves. They will stale bread crumbs. This should be most profitable pear grown. The Le- electrical device for measuring plant

even consume the stems of the leaves continued for some days. Conte pear crop this year was dam- growth. This work has been in progress -

and the fruit, if cut into suitable 3. Weather permitting, the hen and aged by the spring freeze, but sales for some time, and the interestingfact

lengths, and the fruit itself, if it is of brood should be placed in a dry coopon have been large and the prices good, is revealed that the pumpkin itself

the common or horse variety, cannot the grass, where the young chickscan barrels netting $4 to $7. does most of its growing after 7 o'clockin
be put to better use than to be givento get at the grass. Kieffer.-The Kieffer, with its the evening and diminishes its activity -

the family cow. Cassava leaves are 4. If kept indoors the chicks must thrift and hardiness, beauty, early.' as the sun rises and begins to act

also relished by most cattle, and they be kept on earth, or on boards cov- bearing qualities, size of fruit, with upon the leaves. From 9 o'clock: in
might as well be fed to them as to be ered with earth. If not so kept disas- excellent keeping and shipping qualities the morning until 3 o'clock in the afternoon -

left on the bushes to be rendered use- ter will follow. has become the pear for profit. the weight of the fruit! diminishes -

less by frost. 5. After being kept on a bread and The fruit ripens in. September. and' owing to evaporation of wa.
milk diet for a week granulated oat October and can be kept in a coolplace ter from the leaves of the plant. The

meal or small particles of cracked corn till December. It comes in at general results show that when the-

Poultry may be added. At the end of two a season when other fruit is scarce, fruit grows most the vine grows least

weeks, and not before, whole wheat and the large yellow pears with small and vice versa. The course of these
black dots command their own prices. has been watched with
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla.More may be experiments
'" .,.,... -....r.r- 6. Care should be taken that the Trees bear four years after setting, great interest by the botanical depart-
on Feeding. chicks are in no way stinted duringthe and no tree bears more abundantlyunless ment, as they cover a part of the science -

Three weeks I a milk for first five weeks of their existence. it is the Leconte. Every yearit as yet very little known.
ago gave
: times favor. It is hardy it is beautiful .. ".
mula for feeding for eggs. In the They should be pushed on at all 0-----gains j r -
attention duringthe and its regular annual abundant Sanitary Qualities of Watercress.The .
present article we will talk about feed but require particular ,
ing'without the milk, a formula that time mentioned. yield makes it everywhere planted the watercress is a plant contain-

no one can find excuse for not using, as 7. Young stock require frequentbut pear for proft. ing sanitary qualities, says the Journalof
the materials are usually found in the light feeding. It must be remem- Kieffers from cuttings.Kieffersfrom Horticulture. A curious charac-

grain jx>om, with one or two excep- bered that a stinted chicken will never cuttings are grown just like Le- teristic of it is that, if grown in a fer-
tions cut clover hay and meat meal.If make a good market fowl. Contes. On their own roots they have ruginous stream, it absorbs into itself
cannot get these articles nearer i 8. The earlier hatched the sooner fewer roots and are more brittle, but five times the amount of iron that any

home you, a postal card addressed to me will the pullets lay. live as well as when grafted and grow other plant does. For all ansemic

will tell where they can be bought. 9. The aim should be to have the with astonishing vigorous growth. constitutions it is therefore speciallyof
\ At night you when is being pullets laying when the hens are They commence to bear earlier (one value. But it also contains pro-
supper pre-
pared have a kettle of cut clover moulting. A supply of new laid eggs I or two years sooner), but do not makeso portions of garlic and sulphur, of
for the next morning's mash will thus be obtained the year round. large a tree as those grafted. By iodine and phosphates, and is.a blood
steeping ;
the quality must be regulated accord- 10. One of the obstacles in the way having a lower tree the fruit will be purifier, while abroad it is thought a

ing to the number of fowls to be fed. of obtaining early chickens is the difficulty easily gathered, and about as large a most useful condiment with meat
sitters. be made by planting roast or grilled. The cultivated plantis
About four quarts of the clover to six of obtaining early crop per acre can
quarts of water for 75 to 100 head. This may be overcome by the use ofa them closer, say 20 by 20 feet. rather more easy of digestion than
This is much like the the wild
artificial incubator. Garber.- pear one.
When breakfast is being prepared heat ','
off all the for Before you ask us what is a good Kieffer in every respect except it bears c
again, and pour liquid link The Dixie' Interstate Fair,' of Ma-
examinethe It makes the
earlier. connecting
;mash': which 'can proceed to remedy for cholera, please and successful
your you con, Ga., is in full
and Kieffer.
if the LeConte
in grit box. See if it is full. See between
make m the same manner as our blast.
Round stones will The Garber as compared with the Le
other formula, namely, equal parts of! the grit sharp. -
wheat bran, shorts, ground oats, corn not grind; they must be sharp edges, Conte is a little later, better flavor, THE IMPROVED
meal and one-eighth of the whole and they must be in constant supply. holds up better in shipping. Resists VICTORINCUBATOR
meat meal. Indigestion is very often taken for blight much better, blooms out later,
cholera. See to it that there is a con- which enables it to escape more late _
You will notice in this I say com :
article. frosts and like the Kieffer has Hatches Chickens by Steam.
of the right spring ,
meal, whereas in the other I called it stant supply The Absolutely 0elf-renlntin
... practically an unlimited area. The simplest, most reliable
feed-meal. The difference betweenthe
and cheapest flrat-claee Hatcber
Powder Garber does not.make. as large a tree toque In the market. Circulars+e.
is Cream
_two simply a common flour Dr. Price's 4centaT GEO. ,TEL&CO. XIL
as the LeConte, hence yields less, but Qolacr,
sieve and a little elbow grease, which World's Fair Highest Award.



T ,

Me used,Powell's Fertilizers. Our Rural Home.Edited You will find this very nice; if I wantit Awarded -

extra, I take all out in a pan, make Highest Honors-World's FaI?
H ----- --- dressing, and put around the meat

by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, then set in the oven for a half hour to OR:

St. Thomas. Fla. brown. ,Do not neglect to season
""- while cooking.This .

It Has Been, an Oversight. will make a comfortable meal,

In our plans of housekeeping I have with? a cup of tea, and bread, butter, 31CECREAM

been somewhat surprised to find one an1 pickles, or salad.
Tomatoes you raise thing almost entirely overlooked; per- Potatoes and onions are very nice

Potatoes aaps attention might be called to more cooked<<; together. Peel and slice- I

Cabbage Berries than one. Here in Florida, as in rather thick-sufficient potatoes, then

Peas and other Melons other States, the farm hands often liveat peel and quarter onions; put in a ket-

Trucking Crops .., the, .house. of their- employer, and tle together with a little water, let BAKING
for me nusoana, sons ana workmen torm come to a boil and pour off the water; ;
Northern and Western
flarkets, the larger portion of the family. Their now add enough to cook them in.

POWELL'S comfort must be looked after. Every When almost done take off the lid so

OREEN woman who is her own cook knows some of the water will evaporate; adda PWDfflMOST

=BAGFertilizers how; extremely unpleasant it is when cup of milk, take a piece of butter

dinner is announced to have the men the size of a walnut and roll in flour, PERFECT MADE

men congregate at the kitchen dooror as much as the butter will A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.. PNa+
the highest grade fertilizers made, on the back porch, perform their hold. Now put in the kettle, season from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterallt.

Send are the kind you need. ablutions, and (as I have seen in Florida with salt and pepper and serve quickly. 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
for circular
teJIlng'aU about them. i but no other place) possibly march .

POWELL FERTILIZER BALTIMORE MD.& CHErt. CO. Through the kitchen where the din- Onions are also nice stewed with baking powder, 1 teaspoonful each cinna-

Fertilizer manufacturers, importers and ner is being taken from the stove, to tomatoes. Prepare tomatoes in the :mon, allspice,cloves and ginger and half
dealers in Nitrate of the :a nutmeg grated (or the whole of a small
Soda.Sulphate of dining room. Such free access to usual way, then peel and slice half as
Potash Concentrated Then rub
Acid Phosphate, one) into this 1 cup butter or
I : and all kinds of Fertilizing Materials. the kitchen (or any apartments exclusively many onions as you have tomatoes, | lard and 4 butter, (or somewhat less),' 1
belonging to the ladies of and put in ; let cook until the onions cup each of seeded raisins, and well

the household) should not be tolera are perfeetly done; salt and pepper, washed and dried currants, a little shred-

. ; ted. I am no advocate of the con- add a small piece of butter and, if it ed citron, or candied orange peel], and 2

ventionalities, as practiced in much of f needs, a little thickening. these or iarZ&ingredients dried figs 1 chopped.of Add to
our so-called best society, but a line Never add salt to milk until it boilsor coffee. Have ready cup sifted strong"clear more

must be drawn somewhere. it will curdle ; when using milk in flour in order to use if needed,and milk,
A bath-room should be one of the food leave the seasoning until the last. water, or syrup,to add in case the batter
What adjuncts to every dwelling house, LITTLE POLLY. is too stiff, but add a spoonful only at a
large or small, be the proprietor richor time. Stir and beat well. Bake in a
tin with
buttered over it in
paper a very
Shall I poor. In a farm house, or one of Christmas Recipes. moderate nvpn. A small lass of sweet .

I our ordinary Florida houses, where From an English paper (The People, wine is an improvement. One must use'
Take there is usually a back porch (or there London) I copy this, "as good a keeping one's own judgment in this, as well as in
ought to be, some of the writers on plum pudding as any one need wish to the quantity of fiourrememberthere( are
is the anxious question buildings to the notwith- have." Now is the time to prepare our no eggs in this cake, which makes some
asked by those who are not contrary, fruit cakes and Christmas pudding, so difference in the amount required.) Will
standing), a room can be made on some cook this and
feeling well-have no appetite -.. that when the holidays are upon us we try report 1?
-are,out of sortshaveno one end of this, ten, twelve or fifteen will not be hurried. Red Cabbage Pickle.-Select small,
energy-feel tired out. feet in length, as wide as the porch or One pound of stale bread crumbs,which firm heads, remove loose and outside
Perhaps you arc feeling sick wider, which will answer must be grated very fine and all lumps leaves, cut out the stem that runs up
yourself I pose. This should be fitted every with pur- .taken out (coarsely crumbled bread tells into the centre cut into halves or quarter -
:Many medicines are recom- washstand up against the keeping); to this add 1! Ibs. it, or cut into thin slices; sprinkle
mended, doctors consulted basin-if not bowl I and of the best beef suet, chopped very fine plentifully with salt, cover and let' drain
(in many cases)much money pitcher-and glass, brushes, etc., be- and free fromskin; 6 oz. of flour; 2i lbs. from twelve to twenty-four hours. To
spent in this search for health sides a large bath-tub either home- of currants, washed, cleaned and dried; one quart vinegar allow one-half ounce
-and yet it can all be avoided. made or one of the modern inventions Ii lbs. of raisins, weighed after they are ginger, one ounce whole black pepper, a
"Wise people commence at which can now be stoned; 11\ lbs. of moist sugar; 3 oz of little cayenne, according to taste, boil
once taking bought for so little mixed, candied, peel, cut in very thin together and let cool. Put the drained
money. As a general rule the men slices; small teaspoonful of salt, a nut- cabbage into a jar and over it pour the
'BrOWi1'sIron of the house, at least the farm hands, meg, grated; t a teaspoonful of ground I cold vinegar. Some think pickles of
are out about their labors during the ginger. Mix all these ingredients together every kind keep better if the vinegar is
I Bitters day, and the only time the bath-room in a large earthen pan, and add the poured over hot. White cabbage may
need be used. them is well beaten yolks and whites of 10 eggs. be used with a very small quantity of
by when
making Mix well; then finally add, and mix in cochineal in the vinegar, or may be left
and and are soon made well i their toilet before meals, so that it is well,wine-glassfuls of brandy or 3 wine- in its natural color. Cover the jar well,
prescription strong. given Nearly every accessible for the other members of glassfuls of sherry and brandy. Stir all tying a cloth firmly over it. Ready to
for such troubles by physIcians contains the family at almost any hour. The well together, using a wooden or a silver use in a week. /
IRON-which some- main thing is, have it as convenientto spoon for the mixing. The above quan- ED. O. R. H.
tity will make three nice-sized .
people say they cannot take. the well or cistern as may be, with- puddings.
Try Brown's Iron Bitters it soon as well mixed put into earthen- Catarrh Cannot be
being too close and if
is warranted not to possible, ware basins or moulds; lay over the top
headache, stain the teeth give or have the water carried in through of the pudding a piece of greased white with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as
cause constipation as allother pipes. M. G. M., paper, which should exactly cover it; they cannot reach the seat of the dis
Iron ltledicines'do. [Remainder Next Week]. over that tie securely a wellflouredcloth. I ease. Catarrh is a blood or constitutional -
Oenulne hat the .. Put into boiling water, and keep : disease
crossed and in order to cure it
Red lines oa the wrapper. boiling? for four hours adding hot water
BROWN CHSM.CO.BALTO.MD. I A Meat and Potato Dinner.For when necessitated by the waste in boiling you must take internal remedies. Hall's
Our Rural Home. After the four hours drain the puddings, Catarrh Cure is taken internally, and
@ Those who or set them on a dry shelf and not in a acts directly on the blood and mucous
@ use gasoline stoves will hot place,and they will keep for upwardsof surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure is
appreciate a meal prepared in one ves- twelve months. They greatly improve
sel ; such a one is this lamb stew. by keeping.As a quack medicine. It was prescribedby
I Get a piece of lamb; the shoulder I have never tried the English one of the best physicians in this

and part of the leg is desirable Christmas pudding,I give it for what it is country for,years and.isa.tegular pre-
or any worth, and for the benefit of those who' scription. ,.IHs-composed ) the best
stewing part; veal and pork are also cling to old traditions,for whom Christmas pf-
tonics known
HANG WITH STANLEY'S nice. Put in the vessel, and add dinner would be very im perfect with combined with the best
Corrugated Steel Hinge. of out it. In this blood purifiers, acting directly on the
They are Stronger,Handsomer plenty water-I use cold water. country a fruit cake i is
YOUR and cost no more than the old After has boiled half, or if generally preferred.I mucous surfaces. The perfect combi-
a large
style. For
Bale by Hardware herewith nation of the
give a recipe used occasion two ingredients is what
Dealers generally, but If not In piece, three quarters of an hour add :
your vicinity write the Manu sufficient ally by me, since hens all "strike" about produces such wonderful results in cur-
DOOR facturers. Send Biography sweet potatoes and also Irish this time. All the spices, and fruit need Catarrh.
ing for
of a Yankee Hinge"mailed free. potatoes, for the meal ; then boil till not be used in the same cake. Either a free. testimonials,
all are 'done. Now mix a little flour plain or a rich cake may be made.
withcold milk, if you have it, if not Our Rural Home Fruit Cake.-Sift well 1 F. J. CHENEY & Co., .
THE STANLEY WORD,Hew:BritInCt.. water will do, and thicken the together several times, three cups flour, Props., Toledo, O.JeSold '
gravy. 2 cups of sugar, 2 heaped teaspoonfuls by Druggists, 7 sc.i .

# ,

d r. .
., ', ,, --
,. .. ., .
-. ': "j. .t,' ,,1>.;,. i- :


-- --

HEA IfJY'F four or five times as much fruit as buds
14 >" f ten years old, what is the matter with
High-Class Formula and Solid
seedlings ? But this is not a fair comparison -
Results. I for a budded tree in this

To-day during a.six-hours'_ drive behind grove. at the same age as the seedlingsand

( a span,of. high-steppers, a partyof receiving no favors, had yieldedsix FERTILIZER 'WORKS
four of ,us have passed _i in sight of boxes to a picker standing on the ,

groves ,carrying probably 250,000 ground, and had probably three more .
E. O. PAINTER &; CO. '
boxes of oranges. DeLand claims a Props.,

population of over 2,500, and within left.The fruit in this grove was not as DeLand Florida.
a radius of seven miles there is, with- Forward as that in the Huntley grove. ,

out>doubt, (grove, from one to forty by two or three weeks. The trees received -- "
acres for three of :her inhab- Purest Chemicals .' We make no mystery of our methods or;'materials -
every forty pounds each in two applications ; but invite free scrutiny of our entire factory
itants. 1 No plowing.THE ,inc uding the mixing room: _
' per year. Living in the heart of the belt and
Full and Honest orange
What have'seen has Weight .
to-day convinced making constant tests ourselves, together with
me that of.all the.elements en- STEADMAN GROVE. many of our neighbors, we claim to have arrived
tering into i successful citrus, culture in This contains three acres of old Best Mechanical Condition, at both results for strong which wood are growth thoroughly and elegant satisfactory fruitA ,

Florida-soil varieties water seedlings and a half-acre of personal guarantee given with every lot ofLiveandLetLive
r protec- young Prices. goods if desired.
tion, forest protection, fertilizing, irrigation buds, also managed by Mr. DeLand. Write for our analyses and testimonials.

cultivation-the most important There are 160 of the bearing"trees, -

is fertilizing. and we did not see during the day inequality, owing to former mismanagement he underestimated the crop. He soldit

Most.of the soils i in the orange belt any finer or larger trees. They were .and the varying ages of the for $750, estimating it at 75 cents a:
lack about all the elements of fertility; not properly fertilized for the first trees. The only uniformity visible is box on the trees. The trees yieldedso

hence, whatever furnishes food furn- fourteen years ; they made wood but in a block of about eight acres of l large well that the crop netted him only

ishes life. The chief cause of the little fruit. Three years ago Mr. De- seedlings in the northwest corner, about 50 cents, box He could,easily
conceded superiority of the. Florida Land took charge of it and began to which are heavily fruited. The whole pocket his chagrin over his .bad bargain -

.oranges lies in the fact that they are fertilize it with the favorite brand, grove has a thrifty color, and there is however, in view of the signal

made by man, while the oranges of giving twenty five pound per year to a large proportion, probably fifty per triumph of his fertilizer.
most other countries made by na the tree. This made a remarkable cent., of the fruit which will grade as These trees receive aboutforty

growth and a heavy fruitage, thoughit strictly fancy. The fruit is well dis- pounds each a year in two applica-

ture.TJie object of this inspection was was evidently not enough, since tributed in the trees,clear to the center. tions, one between November i5th

.. simply to determine by careful, per- some of the trees, after. bearing last The lady gives her own orders as and December 15th, the other between,
sonal observation the effects of the year's crop, did not recover their vi- to fertilizer and formerly was attractedby May 15th and June. .15th. The cultivation -

application of a particular brand of tality sufficiently to bloom in March a cheap article, but she secured is entirely superficial, ho plowing -

fertilizer, Simon Pure No. i, manufac- this year and were compelled to wait unsatisfactory crops and was inducedto has,been done in two years. :It' is
tured by E. O. Painter & Co., of De- until June. The marked difference try the brand under consideration.It doubtful if.the above-amount' of fertilizer -

Land;;, hence, when a fertilizer is between a seedling and a bud is illus- is said that she never obtained over } is sufficient for the ,trees now.

mentioned any. where below, it will be trated here. The seedling' will use 2,700 boxes from the twenty acres, ,Several of them were not able to bloomin

understood that this brand is in- part of the fertilizer to make wood, but this year it looks now as if she : March this year, but waited .until
tended. but those little buds had unselfishly would obtain 6,000 or 7,000 boxes. June. One of these was a tree-from

THE HUNTLEY GROVE. devoted it all to fruit and had, so the Like most of the advanced growers, which, he:states, he gathered last year
agent said, scarcely grown any for she is doing less 'plowing than hereto- sixteen boxes: He estimates ,that, he .
This consists of ten acres of budded three years, small as they are. fore. Parallel strips are under test, will have as many oranges this year

trees set ten years ago. They were Year before last this grove yielded the plowed alternating with the non- as last year, but not as many boxes.

neglected for several years at first, andre 912 boxes; last year, about 900 ; and plowed. Last year the sizes ranged from: 126

small and ill-shaped, but of a richdar'k this year the manager counts on 1,400or MR. PAINTER'S GROVE. to ISO; this year they will'run from,,176to"
color, and it is difficult to believe about nine boxes to the tree. No '200, thus falling back two sizes in,

that trees of their size could carry plowing in this grove this year. The This contains five acres of buds which one year. But, of course, part of this

more fruit without breaking, or finer manager stated that the expenses for have been set thirteen years. They may be due to the severe drouth.last

fruit. Three years ago the present labor would not exceed $5.00 per have an ample spread, but have been spring. _

manager began to use this fertilizer, ; acre for the year ; fertilizer $50; total, pruned up,a little higher than most His trees have shaded off in color a

applying twenty-five pounds per tree $55 per acre. Yield, say 400 boxes, other DeLand groves. But they havea little mo're than some others we ;saw

I per year, in two installments. He at 90 cents on the trees, $360. Profit, very large bearing capacity; we use during the day, but he'says he.desiresto
stated to the writer that the labor and $305 per acre. the word "capacity" instead of "sur- see this in the fall ,as :an i indicationthat '

fertilizers cost this year $37.50: per THE BURTON GROVE face" advisedly, for these trees are they have consumed, 'their ration
r acre. There are about 600 trees in not limited to their surface in bearing. of food, arid will have ari;'appetite for
the visited. These
1 was next one trees
bearing; last year they yielded about all buds and the different They put on fruit clear through, often a fresh supply next spring. Like a
' 900 boxes, and this year the estimatesof are nearly throwing out fruit spurs from limbs skillful stockman with ''a.pen of fattening -
five practical growers who were varieties, as.well as some seedlings, are two or three inches in diameter. The i 'animals, he does not wish them,to
varieties like
present ranged from two to 234 boxes so intermingled-large surface of these trees is dense and, have food always lying by them.
the Homosassa side by side with small
per tree. Of tHis probably 75 percent like the Mediterranean Sweet- compact so that limbs heavily laden Mr. Painter pointed out one tree',to
would be classed as fancy fruit. ones, with fruit could not violently swing to which, as an experiment, he' applied
that the has and
a uneven
grove very and fro in a gale as on a sparsely fifteen pounds of nitrate of soda:at one
THE WATERS GROVE unhandsome appearance. But one branched tree. The result is that ex- time. The effects were not remark.
I overlsok this when considersthe
Contains six acres of seedlings, man- can one tremely little fruit was cast down in able in any way. ,
thrifty color of the trees and their
Mr. H. A. DeLand. This the tempests.
aged by ,
loads of fruit. The nine CHINAMAN'S .
trees are years THE GROVE.It
too, was mismanaged by its original Another and the most important
1 owner; he succeeded in bringing up'anoble old, yet they will average about seven- result of this density of head is the was reseryed for ,Lu Jim ,Gong,
ty-five per cent. more bearing area using the wealth acquired in the shoemaking -
set*of trees, but they would not protection afforded against frost. In
bear profitably and he sold out. They than the Huntley trees. But they are March, 1893, a frost fell upon the town of North Adams' Mass.,

have been set fourteen years, except a not carrying over fifty per cent. more trees when they were in full bloom I to employ fertilizer with more daring
few around the old house which were fruit. These trees have received not and cut it apparently all off. So greatwas I than his American ;neighbors. This
to exceed twenty pounds each per year, extraordinary Celestial had Simon Pure
planted seventeen years ago. Though the vitality of the trees that they
and have borne four heavy crops in mixed with double manure''salt until
have threw out another installment of
twenty-five feet apart,' they so
succession. But this amount will be ''
4 nearly met across the spaces that the bloom, and ten days 'later a second the mixture contained twenty-five percent
increased this year, for it is evidentlynot of actual potash. Of this he
carriage pulled off several oranges. frost ,destroyed all that was in sight. ,gave
enough, as an occasional tree of about forty pounds to the tree annually -
They are magnificent, symmetricaltrees Mr. P. was disheartened and offeredhis ;
June bloom demonstrates. Trees must for $200 but could find in two applications. Around the-
of a fine color, and heavily crop no
fruited. They have certainly from be fertilized according to the work takers. But the trees combed up yeta house where the poultry droppings
they do in order to prevent lagging.THE would augment the supply of nitrogen? '
five to eight times as much bearingarea little more bloom outside, and this,
as the little trees in the Huntley SHIMER GROVE with the inside bloom that had escaped he had 600 pounds of double manure
and to Mrs. F. A. W. Shinier yielded a of salt sprinkled still on top of this.I .
grove will yield, on an average, belongs ,: crop over 1,400
four or five times as much fruit. And principal of the Mt. Carroll Female boxes. should judge the.'trees to be fromfive

the question arises here, if seedlings Seminary, Illinois. There are about But he had not yet learned to guage to nine years old,. some around

fourteen years old can be made to bear twenty acres in all, but there is great this inside capacity of his trees and [Continued to page 749].



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_.'-- > > : '. -r ''' .;:; k s2+;- ., + ., ." >.. -"J' '' '' ': ..,. .,:.


TERMS OF: SUBSCRIPTIONFor pineapples, the best lawn grass for ,any more difficult to pack 963 last Florida State Horticultural Society
One Year ..............................82.00 I
For Six Months........................ ..... z.oo Florida and several others. year than any other year ? List of Committees announced by the
In Foreign Countries .:..................... 3.00 The edition will comprise only a We said the object of the "jumbo President for 1894-95. Appointed to re-

"Subscriptions in all cases cash in limited number beyond the require box" was a swindle, and we adhere to port at the next annual. meeting, April

advance. No discount 'allowed'on one's ments of the members, to each of it. If there was so large a percentage 1895:

all subscription a liberal(except cash commission! ) will t!to whom a copy will be sent. The few of 965 that the grower could blot STANDING COMMITTEES..

be awed on all subscriptions obtainedby remaining copies will be sent,free to fulfil the terms of his contract, that Committee on Cataloguing the Fruits
them. Write for terms. persons remitting $i as a membershipfee was his misfortune. If the purchasertook of Florida.-A. H. Manville, Glen St.
To every new subscriber we will send, for For the old resident Mary; L. W. Plank, DeFuniak Springs;
1894. advantage of this misfortune and
of Whitner's "Garden- G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary; James H.
postpaid ing in ,Florida.a copy" For two new subscribers hardly less than the new comer, there forced the grower to sell him 126 'oranges White, Georgiana; R. D. Hoyt, Seven

at $2.00 each, we will send, will be few ways in which a dollarcould for the price of 96, and to makean Oaks.-
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange be better invested. extra large box, he was the swin- Committee on Introduction of New
Culture." For copies'of(the report and all other : dler, not the grower. The editcr of Fruits and Plants-S. S. Harvey, Molino;
W. T. Eustis H. S. Williams
; ,
Rates of
advertising on application.
information address Secretary A. H. the News cannot around this
Remittances should be made by check, plow by Rockledge; G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary;
postal note money order or registered Manville, Glen St. Mary, Fla. sophistry. It is true, as he says, that G. P. Healy. Jaffery.
letter to order of the grower was the loser, as he gener- Committee on Citrus Fruits.-H. S.

FJ.RSTER AND FRUIT GROWER.Jacksonville The "Jumbo Box" Again. ally is-more's the pity-while the Williams, Rockledge; A. L. Duncan. ,
Dunedin W. A. Orlando.t.
; Cooper,
Fla. purchaser, at least, held his own, and
The Tropical News says THE FARMER Committee on Grapes.-Emile Dubois,
AND FRUIT GROWER did the Florida the consumer gained. But there was Tallahassee; Frank E. Boucher, Orlando;
swindling there all the same. H. P. Walker, Auburndale.
a great injustice
NOTICE orange growers Committee Peaches and Plums.L. .
And what on
in that the essential can be said in defense of -
stating object of
the jumbo box this season, when the W. Plank, DoFuniak Springs; Edward
the "jumbo box" was a swindle, either Winter Zellvvood Keck Bow-
If you receive a copy of this fruit is smaller than insteadof ; Irving ,
the railroads the dealers i ing Green.
which 'did not order upon or or
paper you ,
both. The News that from larger? Commiltee on Pears and Apples.-S.
consider it invitation sub-
an to' last "S. .' S. Harvey, Molino; S. H. Gaitskill, .McIntosh -
scribe. If you do not want it, some than cause had year oranges grew Sell Early and Avoid Shrinkage. ; J. D. Andrews,Glen St. Mary.
kindly hand it to a neighbor. larger they ever been known Committee on Figs.-W. D._Griffing,
before, and the large box was a neces- Farmers who hold their crops for I Macclenny> ; L. H. Armstrong, St. Nicholas -

sity."No higher prices do not always considerthe ; J. A. Moore, Pensacola.

OONTENTS. one had any idea of swindling.The ; shrinkage which many products Committee on Tropical Fruits.-Thom-

railroad agents were fully aware undergo, so that the advance in prices, as E. Richards. Eden; 0. R..Thatcher,.
GROVB AND ORCHARD-Phosphoric Acid and Avon Park; 0. K. Wood, Cocoa.
Oranges; Experiments with Fertilizers; that "jumbo" boxes were being used I if it comes, is often counterbalancedby
Scientific Misinformation............... 739 Committee on Kaki.-F. E. Fuller
loss in
Lime as a Manure; Something More About but. the Florida railroads appeared quantity from various causes.A Okahumpka; H. F. Stewart, Daytona;;
Potash,..... ..:.;:;...... .... ..;.':740 willing to accept them. At any rate farmer last autumn on Long Island, A. S. McKinney,Stanton.

Potash Cropping in Oranges Among;Trees Mulching.........and......Frost-........ 741 the growers would have paid the pro as an experiment, put in a storage Committee on Strawberries and Mis-'
THE PINERy-Pine Apples at Avon Park.. 741 rata increase had it been demanded.The warehouse one hundred bushels of potatoes cllaneous Fuits-E G. Hill ,Lawtey;
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Strawberries;Prun- James Mott Orlando C. H. Newell De-
ing Tomatoes as a Field Crop ............ 742 purchasers were parties to these which weighed sixty pounds to Funiak Springs., ; ,

LIVE How STOCK to Train-To a Stop Colt:a Swine Runaway for the Horse South; 742 transactions, so they could not have the bushel. In April he weighed the Committee on Native Fruits.-W. H.;

POULTRY-More on Feeding; Care of Chicks 743 been swindled. If the buyers at the same potatoes before sorting out those Mann, Manville; Young G. Lee,. St. Petersburg -
OUR. RURAL HOME-It Was An Oversight; A. W. Stewart Galt.
resold the which had become unsalable ; and ; ,
A Meat and Potato Dinner; Christmas groves same way they ,
i Recipes..... ........................... 744 the found that he had bushels. Committee on Ornamentals.:':.Mrs. W.,
Heavy Fertilizing ............. .............. 745 bought, consumer got a 96sizeorange eighty-three H. H. Holdridge, Grove J>ark; A. V.
EDITORIAL-State Horticultural Society;The at the same price he would Examination showed that many of the Clubbs, Pensacola; Mrs. S. A Cunningham -
Jumbo Box Again; Sell Early and Avoid have for i26-size tubers which had been
Shrinkage; Committees of the State Hor- paid or a 126 size large enoughto Altoona.
ticu1tural.S iety............................, 746 for the same price he would pay for a sell in the autumn were now too Committee Nomenclature. hn

New Markets York; Fruit Markets Exchange;'Auction Bulletins.Sales.............: 748 747 150 size orange, so that instead of i small to sell, and, tesides this, some Fabyan, Conant; E. S. Hubbard, Federal

STATE NEWS................ .......... 749 getting swindled he got more ,for his were rotting, so that when these were Point.
Rapid Waste of Orange Box Material; Committee of 1getables.-Geo. H.
Business Notices; The Beauties of Our money. taken out he had seventy-eight bush Wood
Tariff....... .......... ................. 750' els sell instead Tangerine Albert ; W. K. Jackson, In- 1
"The parties who did lose by the to of one hundred. verness; Fries, St. Nicholas.

t transaction, however, were the growers. This was a loss of 22 per cent. in quan Committee on Entomology.-P. H. .'

Weather in Jacksonville. After making up enough of the tity, besides the cartage he could have Rolfs, Live Oak; W. T. Swingle, Eustis;
J. T. Stubbs DeFuniak
standard size boxes they had to lay saved if he had sold the potatoes from Committee, on Fertihzer.-Stephen Springs.

a a be a 0;;;-=' ..: these aside and order extra box mate the field, not to speak of the interestof Powers, Lawtey; O. P. Rooks, _Fraitland'
DATE. d P. a s M 8 s S s Ha.s- rial from the mills for the "jumbo" his money for six months.Garden Park; Lucius D. Stebbins, Orlando:

-oo -00 -a -F boxes. This caused a delay and extra and Forest. Committee on Irrigation.-Geo. H.
Nov. 6.........46 52 60 44 16 52 0.00 to the Then Wright,.Orlando; Geo. W. Adams, Thon-

Nov.Nov. 8 7..44.........59 58 66 68 75 42 52 23 26 55 64 0.0.00 0o had expense to use larger growers.wrapping they and Dr. W.. Porter has thirty acres in otosassaH.;_ W. 0. Margary, Eustis.
paper, '
Nov. ......... 60 62 Committee on Diseases and Insects of
9 54 70 53 17 0.00 strawberries in Alachua
Nov. xo.........52 63 73 4S 25 60 o.oo got no more for a box containing ISO county. But Citrus.-H. J. Webber, Eustis; F. G.
Nov. II ......40 47 54 38 16 46 0.00 or 126 oranges of the 96 size than i if the acreage on the whole is less than Sampson, Boardman; C. A. Bacon, Or-
Nov. 12...........35 45 51 33 18 42 0.00 I last
the'box had only held the year.
- 96
.Mean ...... .. = Committee on Marketing.-Thos. Hinds
.47 56 64 44 20 54 o.oo so they were out from to ---- -
Total rainfall. T. Trace.P. 30 50 large The railroad down Indian river i Georgetown; W. S. Hart, Hawks Park;
J. CAHILL, Observer. qranges on every box. and is N:. W. Bennett, Okahumpka.
Even with the use of the "jumbo"boxes very obliging likely to run out Committee on Transporation.-G. P.
the steamboat
one grower in Oviedo who had company. The road Healvy, Jaffery; T. A. Darby,San Mateo; '
State Horticultural Society. sold 10,000 boxes, was unable to fulfill I runs through nearly all the pineapple W. Borden, Oxford.

. The Horticultural Society of California .' his contract and had to finally ship the farms, and a :train will stopat -

meets once a month; that of large fruit to commission houses. any platform to take on one or two SPECIAL COMMITTEES.

Florida only once a year. Many "All of these growers would have crates of fruit. Committee on Legislative Appropriation. ,

people nearly forget what was done greatly preferred to have stuck to the Mr. T. T. Eyre brought us in a .-S. S. Harvey, Molino; G. P. Healy
at the last meeting before a new one standard box. But what were they to Jaffery;Emile Dubois, Tallahassee
last week of citron
sample preserved
do? couldn't Committee on Joint Session, Texas and
happens. The Legislature ought to oil] They pack oranges as
of his own raising. It is as fine as Florida State Horticultural Societies.G.L. .
the bearings a little so that this slow- big as"pumpkins in standard orange the commercial variety and will bone e Taber, Glen St. MaryrGeo.: Wright,

moving body could revolve in its' orbit boxes. of the best industries of our sec Orlando; C. W. Mellish, DeFuniak

more rapidly.We The'News gets slightly muddled in tion.'Ve will have something to say Springs.Committee.
now have a promise of the. its First it on Investigation of Legislation -
re logic. states that the at length on' this subject in the near Designed to Prevent the Introductionof
port of last spring's Jacksonville meeting grower lost money because he put future.-Ft. Myers Press. Diseases and Insects.-J. T. Stubbsr .

shortly. It will include 386 names, 126 .or ISO orangrs of the 96 size into I. .. DeFuniak Springs; P.-H. Rolfs, Live Oak;;
"all fully paid-up active members." a box and received pay for only 96. Interlachen has, what is said to be, H. J. Webber, Eustis.

Among the numerous interesting This intimates that there were actually the largest and most complete orangepacking .. .

topics discussed are, varieties of or no oranges larger than the 96 size, house in the State. Orangesare California Orange Crop.As .

anges and their derivation, results i in and yet further'on the News says that elevated from the wagon, cleaned, the oranges begin to change in col-

crossing navel oranges, orange blight, ,the grower could not pack oranges as sorted, sized, wrapped and packed'by or the opinion so frequently expressed
lemon scab, fertilizers and fertilizing, large as. pumpkins in a standard box. steam. The only thing lacking .i g that the crop would be a light one this

white fly and other" insects, truck A 96 orange is not as large as a pump. buyers. If a man can invent someway year seems fully confirmed. If the ship

farming, pears, strawberries, peaches, kin, and the 96.size box with 96 or to convert the crop, into moneyon ment exceeds shall half be the estimate for last

plums and other deciduous fruits, anges in it is a standard box. Was it the spot his stake is made. Press.we surprised.-Riverside


' .
i it .LYx

t, .'" .
\ :
, ,

I : :: :- : 'X '' : : d.y x ,,.' ... .. a. ,. ...._ ....

.."',. /.-.., .., :;:: : :".:' : :' :,- : 0_ .- < ::..- : : ._.;- .'
ft-: "
ftt,w.. '

, ', -

:;;:: flarkets. sales of 1,75.' We do not think it advisable TO GARDENERS FLORISTS

, to continue the' export shipments: at ,NURSERYMEN, &0.,

.,.." .. present, but for the information of parties

.r.i4-' JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Nov. 23. wishing to risk further'shipments we)will

\\i4 1r' FRUITS AND PRODUCE. state that. shipping dates from Jackson- PLANTBED

;. 1 Corrected by Marx Bros.These .' ville are ,Nov. 22, 25, and 29. All lots
k are average quotations. Extra choice must arrive here on day preceeding dates TRY
I,*,{ lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor named.,
!t lots sell lower.
# Oranges,fancy,......"..t..406460.0... 1.50 = C'LOTH
) ," choice 1 .......*..... .......... I 1.25 "
1 JrI: .". drops,.......................... i.ooTangerines. Movements of Produce. .
t''> ................................ 3.00 i Within the week there have For winter use and that it is the
I" Mandarins................. ......... 2.00 : past been. prove Used by thousands.cheapest and best protection from frost.. : :
l Lemons,Fla.. ..... .... .............. 1,00 shipped out of the State by steamship on : AlsoTENTS '
'f', '" ". Messina. ; ..............,...._- 3 3-00 the Atlantic side 41,995, boxes of oranges -, 0
"S Pineapples, crate.. ....-.........---2.SO to 3,.00Llmes,3 and 184 packages of
... >eckcrates .... .............. 1.00 vegetables. *a COVERS. ::;
Cocoanuts... .......... ............s. ,,*00 Tne.Florida Fruit Exchange has han- h.k,.
t Peanuts,best brand..... ............. .0410.05 dled about 14,405, boxes of oranges, of .."'.." .
i' Guavas,3-peckbox, .............:..... 1.00'I which about 4,000 boxes destinedfor ", '.; ;'!: ;,
' < Japan Persimmons,crate............. 50 to 1.00 were ,".,1 i ,
'I;r Grapes. Catawba,5 baskets....... ... .20 England.The '
't Northern cabbage,each' .............. .09 steamers of the Clyde line took Circulars, Samples, Etc., Etc. :
"'j 44. bbl.................
. apples, 3.00103.5 out about boxes of '750 <, *
.". beets, bbl.................. .2.50 25,00,0, oranges, ...
Potatoes, bbL.........................,' 2.35 bales of cotton and 700,000, feet of lumber
f I'. ". sack .......................... 2.15 .. .
' 44 Early Rose, seed ........ : 2.75 9 National Water-Proof f Fibre F b C Co.
,'f. M Hebron, seed................. 2.75 Jacksonville Fruit Auction Com-
Onions, bbl..................,........ 2.50 .
"'" JtZP.-. .__. .20 pany.Jacksonville 0\\

:f VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. Fla., Nov. 20, 1894. 36 South. :; S1:;.. -, ATe'w York.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
Yellow Yams, bush........ ......... .50 We are glad to report some good aver-
. Sweet Potatoes, new................. .50 recent sales of fruit in the East-
Hubbard squash, bbl... .............. 2.00 ages on
i Lettuce, doz.,.. ....................... .30 ern markets, and some especially good, OUR IMPROVED STEAM BOILER
:,;. Celery Kalamazoo.........__. .. -40 to.50 averages on sales made in this city on ,
Egg Plants, bbl....................... 2.00103.00 Oranges Grape Fruit Tangerines and
.. Tomatoes, crates ..... ......__..... 2.50 Has many good points, adding greatly convenience safety and durability.
3 Sweet Pepper, bu. .................... 2.00 Mandarins. :Markets generally are pick- Designed especially for
t.. Okra,, bu............ a................. ing up and we look for some splendid
i, Cowpeas,shelled,peck.. ............. 3.50 for Thanksgiving fruit. Sawmills
.... .... prices Phosphate Work and Irrigation
!- Green Beans, crate ......... 2.00 ,
t .. Peas. ..................- .'*:........ 2.00 Owing to the lateness of coloring of
Turnips, bunch..........,............. .03 to .06 Tangerines very few have been going in* But superior for all purposes. Write for particulars. Address,
Cucumbers, crate......................2.00109.50. to market but are selling at from 1.25,t to
Pumpkins, each...................... 05 to .15 '
Kershaws, each.......... ......... .10 to .15 1.50 per i box, and wanted.On FLORIDA IRON'AND WOOD WORKS. ,
i Parsley,per doz.bunches ............ .40 yesterday we sold good fruit in
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ 25 to.30 Jacksonville at from 1.25 to 1.50 per box; AE OI I A. FLORIDA.
Green onions, doz. bunches....... .
per 20 to.25 '
Pepper,hot bushel, .................. i.ooSage Tangerines> to the box, 2.75; Grapefruit Sole Manufacturers of the Hege Emerson Sawmill,Emerson's' Variable Feed Works, Dowel
''r well cured Ib..................... .to to.15 2.00 to 1.50. per box; Mandarinssame Pin Box Head Machines, Bolters, Edgers,Slat Saw Machines, &c. '
Lima Beans, shelled,qt, none ........ as Tangerines.We .
Hens.,....... --..-........_..eo..... .35 NOTE-We have also fitted up with special reference to handling second-hand machinery. Six
Roosters...............N..-". .30 will begin our auction sales in I ((6)) acres yards,large warerooms, good railroad facilities, with ample private tracks, and years of
( Broilers.18 to..2sj Jacksonville, :Monday, Dec. 3rd, and ex= .I experience repairing, rebuilding and reselling all kinds of second-hand machinery.' In buying.or
j Turkeys, per pound,gross.......-_.. .12 pect to offer ten cars of fancy fruit. selling it is equally. important that you write us. Address as above or the manager, '
Ducks.........-.......... .. ........... 30 to .35 '
Geese.N.l..N_........... .40 to .50 .I Eleven cars in Eastern markets made Please mention F. and F. G. J. W. ElUERSON.
Quail, doz..... ." .. ................. 1.20 the following averages : 1.57,1.66, 1.59,'
Wild ducks, doz .........._..............2.00103.00 1.30, 1.50,1.51,1.61, 1.65, 1.68,2.10, 1.90.
........... ?
Wild turkeys, each. .......... 1.00.tO 1.50 T. R. TOWNS. .


.. .. .. .

+ 0* 1 "

t,,:,, ... ', .. ..'.,,._ ,. .t.. .',.'. .. .j> ,.. .'. ,'. .. ..... ...... ".- ..'. ,. .,. .".

f..: .v'. "'.!".. ......,,,:):. "".. ,-' .. -.. .n"..,.<-"',,' 'i-V"," ,.' ,""','-. .."' .. q.. ." <7'I'. -...-'M3.*.-'''',. '"-" -' ,'" ', ...",..,..---. '.......:......- .'..:I
lit't/: .;: ,." ?: s ., : <. "
,,' b
"j;: I'll
I! -.;
r,. I'
"t.; New York Markets., not be deceived. The

r: Oranges have been in very good de following !=J
,. mand and market is firm for fancy brights of White Lead are still made by the "Old Dutch" 3
but much of the stock is green and poor

t and such work out slowly at low .figures. process of slow corrosion.. They are standard, and always .

Tangerines and Mandarins not plenty

enough to establish quotations. Grapefruit ,
::. ,in moderate demand'and- easy with Strictly Pure White Lead
I top price only for choice fruit. Lemons

: dull and weak unless'' fancy,-when they > ,
sell well. ANCHOR (Cincinnati). "RED SEAL" (St Louis).
, Oranges Fla., selected brights. 1.75 to ".ECKSTEIN" (Cincinnati). "KENTUCKY"1 (Louisville).
;: 1.87prime; lines bright 1,60 to 1.62; SOUTHERN" (St. Louis and Chicago). ATLANTIC,(New York).

, prime russet 1.33 'to 1.50; poor, 1.00 to "COLLIER" (St. Louis). "JE WETT" (New York).

: 1.25: Lemons Fla., choice, 2.50 to 3.00 : poor to good, 1.25 to 2.25; Grape fruit, ,
evidence of his reliability, as he can sell you ready-mixed
Fla., 2.00 to 3.00.
Potatoes. \ paints and bogus White Lead and make a larger ,profit. Many MOST ,ATTRACTIVEROUTE,

Imports for the week have been.200 shortsighted.dealers do so. .

from Great Britain 1,592 from the .
bags ,
FOR COLORS.National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead
Tinting Colors a on -pound can to a '
'Continent; imports last week, 200 from =S-poand keg of Lead,and mix your! own paints.: Saves time annoyance in matching shades,
t, Great Britain; 200 from Continent. and insures the best paint that it is possible to put on wood.
,1 The market has ,ruled a trifle strongeron Send us a postal card and get our book on paints and color-card, free; it will probably '
save you a good many dollars.
choice potatoes this week. Receipts
Warehouse, .
; I have been light! the cold weather check- 99oz&m3B uhTl11" NATIONAL LEAD. CO., New York.FIERFDNT'5 .'.,

ing shipments and while the demand has FLORIDA:, POINTS E

not,been very active choice stock has "
been held with confidence and at the AND THE 'OR'TItTin

close some of the best, State are selling PATENT ORANGE BOX STRAP.

tip to 1.62 but 1.50 is the price for prime .

, and common range lower; some were Manufactured out.of Florida woods. '
caught in'the cold snap last week and FLORIDA CENTRAL AND
have arrived defective and saleable onlyat Combining STRENGTH NEATNESS, and ECONOMY. No soaking

very low and irregular prices. Jerseyare required. The most perfect Hoop on the market. Cut by the

irregular in quality few being good most improved Veneer Machine in the State; the angles .,. PENINSULAR + '
enough to exceed 1.50 and common range reinforced with'the strongest naval duck ,
lower as to condition. The few Scotch VIA- ;:
and German in this week have sold Combining economy and strength,and being the most LABOR-SAVING STRAP ever offered.
very Dimensions, X inch by%, perfectly finished and straight. Satin finished sides .
slowly at range: of prices quoted. Sweet and all box requisites. Samples and prices on application to LAKE CItY, MACON, ATLANTATO
potatoes were very weak Monday, Vir- .
ginia falling to 75c and Jersey very low PIERPONT MF'G COMPANY, CRESCENT CITY, FLA. ,1.1

and weak in sympathy, but market has Nashville St. Louis and Chicago
gradually improved closing steady and .
r With but one change of sleepers, connects '1
about 25c higher Virginia 1.00 and Jersey -
Auction Sales. .with light} supply. Stock of oranges' is also at Atlanta for NEW YORK and KANSAS !'\!
1.00 to 2.00 with a few fancy Vine- very light, hardly enough to supply the CITY. The Florida Central and Peninsular 1
land at 2.25 to.2.50 per bbl. L. I. Rose, Sgobel & Day say: demand. Very little of the stock here is has nearly 700 miles of track running through .,.

in bulk, per, bbl, 1.75 to 2.00; Jersey, Florida Oranges.-Market, is stronger really choice. Lemons in fair demand; the Tobacco Regions. ::'I
prime, ,per bbl., 1.50; Jersey, poor to and we have sold this week about 2,500 no changes in prices. Some say that they Stock Farming and Dairy Section ;.
good, per bbl.-1.00 to 1.37; Sweet Vine- boxes. All the best fruit on Thursday ,will advance unless receipts increase ,Peach and Strawberry Lands, I
land, lair to fancy, per bbl., 1.75 to 2.50; sold on the Clyde wharf, went at 1.80 to largely. Orange Phosphate, Banana Belt.and Pineapple 0 Country. 10 1

Southern, prime, per bbl;, 1,00. '2.10 and in fact the average of the entire Has the Silver' Spring and '1

Vegetables. lot was 1.75. The fruit has better color Cincinnati, 0., Nov. 20.-Receipts of Other Fine Scenery.The "

Onions are in fosuppl and and these Clyde steamers coming direct : are liberal and the market is Great Hunting Country. J
selling oranges
Jacksonville not at easy, Reaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.. 1
slowly good stock is of qualItyand from ( stopping i with little demand for other than ripe
; ordinary Charleston for cotton their Has the best lands for tillage; greatest van: !
irregular value strictly choice"being ) are landing stock. Good to prime Floridas" sell at city of soils in the State,and above all, .
in sound cool condition. The .
scarce and inquired, for.: Domestic cab= cargoes 1.50 to 2.00 ; choice at 2.25 to 2.40. and Runs over the Central Rldgeland
. bage largely poor and prices low; some English, markets are decidedly lower, but Mexican at 2.00 per box. There is not Where It Is High,and 'Healthy. '
very nice Danish cabbage arriving,which' we have sent this week 4,800 boxes to much demand for lemons, and there is a Prosperous towns fill its:route and:it offers J
sells readily at 4.00 to 4.60 100. Celery Liverpool and London. On the smaller slow and market. Prime to choice the best freight facilities for any produce to
per easy "
the Northern markets. Send
from Jamaica and for the.,popular
has been.in heavy supply and while anticipated receipts Floridas, sell at 2.50 to 3.50 per box. song- ,'
better,color of the Florida fruit look
the demand has been good for good, poor we Green Florida oranges are superabundant. "MY FLORIDA HOME, ," .
market week.
for better next
stock drags. Cauliflower has had a good We had a few tangerines which sold at with its spirited words and beautiful musio .
demand, and with moderate receipts descriptive an actual Florida Home, and
prices have ruled high. The Florida cucumbers 1.30 to 2.55 per half box according to the CHOICE which is gotten up in elegant style-rSiz pages ,
color, and, some of them were very'nice. of full sized best music containing also '
and egg plants',arriving meet a sold a picture of a home in Florida and a-huntingscene.
Lemons from Florida at 1.20 2.25
good demand when fancy. Charleston P RurrS1 and FLO'V'ERSFOR. .- It Is'mailed on,, receipt of.10 cents(in #
beans have been scarce and firm, fancy and 3.251 but much of the fruit is anythingbut stamps,to pay expense of distribution.) "-
Send also for the best .Florida
choice. ;map of (sent
selling to 3.00 and 3.50.at, the close; com- free) and'note the towns on its route. 1
mon neglected and'low. Very few North Pittsburg.-Fruit of good color is aver- SOUTHERN PLANTING.Satsuma A.o.MAODONELL,O.P.A '1
Carolina arriving. The Norfolk beans ing 200 and over by the car load, prices .Jacksonville,Fla.
and have ranging from.1.60 to 2.30 by the car load
peas arrived wing effects of ; Orange, Hardy and Early. New
having been frozen/and prices have ruled green stock, however, is in poor demand Japanese Plums, Peaches, Pears, Roses, Camel The Florida Central &,
low:.some about,worthless. Other vege- and is selling in the ,neighborhood of lias., &c., at very low prices. Catalogue for the J
tables about as quoted. -- 1.30 to 1.80. We notice a much improved asking. D. L. PIERSON. Prop.Monticello, Fla ?
R. R. Co. .
Cabbage! ,Danish per'100, 4.00 to'4.50; demand and think that from now forward -- Peninsular .. ",

domestic, per 100,2.00 to 3.50. Cauliflower trade will do much better., 'Not- Offers to Shippers ,j

,fancy, per: barrel, 2.25 to 2.50, Celery, withstandingthe light receipts the ]lemon L.
Michigan\ ,large,per dozen, 25 to 40c. Cucumbers market is not doing at all well." Thereis W. DOUGLAS Tie Shortest and Quickest Route 1

Florida,.per,crate, 1.00 to 2.50. a demand, but buyers want the goods IS THE, BEST." BETWEEN !
Eggplant,Florida,per barrel 2.00 to 5.00. cheap. 'We sold Floridas from 1.30 to ea SHOE'NO SOUEAK,Ntr '
Green peas, Norfolk, per' basket, 1.25 to 2.30 per box for fruit showing about,toper ; $5. CORDOVAN FLORIDA AND ALL. POINTS IN

1.50. Lettuce, Jersev, per barrel, 1.00 to cent. decay; stock was very fair but : fRENCtf&ENAMELlED CALF: THE EAST AND WEST..

1.10; 'Norfolk, per barrel, 75c to "1.00. not fancy. $4a5 O ANECAlf&KAN6AA11l With Improved Ventilated Cars this com '!

String beans, Charleston,per basket,1.50to Philadelphia Nov. 15.-1,455 boxes = = $3'. POLICE,3 SOLES pany is better equipped than ever ever ''to -

3.50; Norfolk, .per. basket,,50c to 1.50. Florida fruits, acct. Florida Fruit Exchange s $2.WORKINGMtl' insure handle close the Orange connections and Vegetable and prompt Crops despatchto and .J

t and others. Oranges bright,, "1EXTRA FINE. :11 all Eastern and Western Markets. i

I MarketsBetter.Since 1.40 to 2.35 ; russets 1.40 to 2 ; lemons *2 A7BOYSSCHOOlSHOES.. Through oars to destination Without

fruit has got its color the:'mar- 1.70 to 2.80 ; grape fruit.1.20.to 2.70.. 'Yl .LAMES change or .delay. ;

kets are reacting, showing splendid ad- Chicago, III, Nov. 20.-Receipts of or- s ;, $S.2 I Perishable freight followed by wire and
vances! of from twenty-five to fifty cents anges, four cars to-day. Weather mild; f BEs'rDA.. shippers advised time passing various Juno- ,
lion arrival at
points and destination.
per box. See actual prices received in favorable" trade in fruit. Prices for 'W SEND&.*FOR DOUGLAS CATALOGUE All claims for overcharges and loss prompt 1
the Eastern markets; also home sales. sound ,bright fruit of classable gradeswas BROCKTON, MASS., ly adjusted. iI I

Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co., very firm to-day. Some very choice You can save money by,wearing tho See that your goods are marked '
Thos. R.'Towns, Pres., oranges were'received from Citra. They W.'L. Douglas S3.OO Shoe. via; F. C. & P.,R.:R. .: .:;;

were the finest that have come to this Because we are the largest manufacturers of For information call on or address the undersigned a
market the present season. Sizes 176 this grade shoes in the world,and guarantee their : < :
... Promptness.- and 200 sold at 2.75 per box; smaller vain by stamping the name and price on the C. E. TAYLOR,Trav.A'gt. Ocala,FIa. ,
We sell' fruit to-day and mail bottom which protect you against high prices and W. B. TUCKER. Gen.A'g' Orlando, Fla: I
your your counts 2.50. Good bright stock, but not
the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal custom G.M. HOLDEN,Trav. Ag .Leesburg J la. <
check to-morrow on all home sales. so good as Citra,, sold at 2.10 and 2.35. work in style, easy fitting and wearing qualities. W.R. FULLER Trav.A'gt: ;. Tampa. Fla.
Jacksonville Fruit Auction Co., Grape fruit firm; fair demand. Tanger- We hare them sold everywhere lower prices for Or N.S. PENNINGTON Trame Manager, j
the value glen than any other make. Take no sub
Thos. R. Towns, Pres. ines sold at 5.00 for choice; good demand, ..stitute. If your dealer cannot supply you,we,can. W. H. PLBASANTS. General Jacksonville.Freight FIa.Agt.


.. ... ","" .. .t ..'. .' o. ,<' '




M [Continued from page 745.] State 'News. and prolongation of life, arid

:kpi 'the the house probably a little older. All .' .... friends of. sanitation in the State,can,
Pathway if they will become of the
his trees show a better and, stronger apostles
Mr. lie who is the of the
growth this past season than any oth Bay owner cause by preaching sermons from

i OF 1K1IllownOOlg ers we saw;; they are the picture pf Mt. Lebanon orange'grove on Lemon these'texts appropriate: seasons andto
Ocala has :the
health. The leaves are large-not ftoo avenue,' at disposed the proper persons:-Florida Health
. ISiTHB: same to D. C. Cutler for $40,000. Notes. '
large, as on an excess ,of nitrogenand .
of a rich dark lustrous John Kindig, large manufacturer '
green. 25OOQ
I Road to who has Ladybirds.
esi Philadelphia, a thirty-acre
The twigs made this year are not ;=
angu '
City Trustees Kingman and Bord-
grove coming bearing near Sparr,
lar but round and thick with the
from which he' will gather 6,000 well returned Thursday from their:trip
leaves studded them.
i i The closely along boxes of .fruit,,is so well pleased with to'Santa Barbara to secure ladybirds.In ? : .
stems and smaller branches
his venture .in the orange i industrythat conversation with Mr.\ Kingman he

often as green as a watermelon; the he,has 'added-eighteen acres to said(.that they had arranged for'as near .
trunks free from and lichens
moss except -
I II his : 25,000 of the bugs as could. be ob
. q present grove. _
now and then enough of the latter tained. He said them
getting would
to make 'a'mere stain. Nearly' all Mr. T: G. Rawls has returned froinatendays'
necessarily be a little slow under the
._ -- the other groves I visited, much to my trip up the country'on busi-- circumstances
as the bugs are only
I ness a-nd'for recreation. He .saw in
r surprise, showed the trunks covered in
being, propagated Mr. Cooper'sorchards
with moss (not Spanish moss), often Georgia a ioo-acre field.'of. cotton, 'and small '
a orchard 'near
being fairly shaggy with it. white:.as the driven snow,. from which
,1 Santa 'Barbara, and Mr. Cooper will
not.a pound had been gathered and
As to fruit, there is a generous allow ,
I I measure of it. Three lemon trees from which noVa, boll will 'be'picked, only ,one certain 'horticulturistreslding'in !

have their lower limbs sprawling out the owner preferring to_,let it rot in little insects.that county to gather the

flat the field rather:than' to/pick, gin and .Mr. Kingman and Mr
; probablya bushel of fruit on each Bordwell made with
one lying right 'on the ground. It is pack it at prevailing prices. Mr. Rawls commissioner arrangements this
to visit the orchard thr etimes'a
1I practically' worthless however being' says the ,business conditions at Talla-
\ week and ship'th ,bugs s each)
of the ;rough native variety. It was hassee compare very' favorably'with
I Iwp day. The bugs cost"nothing, the only!
the only' we saw propped those of;the places he visited; in fact, '
grove up;
expense'being for the time of the commissioner -
the prospect here, is, far more'promising -
there were hundreds of props in sight.I j in
,gathering and.in theexipressage.Rlverside'Press4
"' :- think this is not a result of any unusual than at many! points visited 'by : *

...... ;
0 brashness of the limbs ,but sim- him. ;OFloridian. '
i. I L I ---. ..J .
i ply a, bit of the owner's eccentricity.The The Florida .Southern ,Railroad An excursion: train of twenty-two

fruit will average a size or a size brings to 'Gainesville an average of .cars;recently arrived. in. Jacksonville

Victor Hugo and a half larger than that of any other forty'cars of oranges per day. This. crowded ,with '"home-seekers1.' from I

In,speaking to young men, once,said: grove we \isited, and it is redder,' indicating is'a big' receipt for Gainesville this :the Northwest. After remaining 'for

1 "It Is the learning acquired at more forwardness; but a trifle early: Many orange, growers have a short time'in Jacksonville, the party.

I midnight( ( that will make your future coarser in the pores of the peel. In adopted, the method of shipping or- left''for the Indian river country L

bright and. dazzling as midday. flavor it war not perceptibly different anges,>in the bilk: The'fruit is thrown I. .

r And In this' terse epigram the ereatFrenchman from the other fruit, the greater sweet-' loose' into the car, which is well VIOK'S NEW ENTERPRISE.. ,

stated a truth'thatapplles, : : ness being due probably to the'greater ventU ted. This saves_ 'the shipper -

.' ,equally.struggling,ambitious 4 forwardness in ripening. The pulp,' the expense of boxes, paper and'pack Seed''House.at Satsuma.

young men the world over. however; 'was exquisitely melting and, ing; which amounts to about $50 per James''Vick's Sony of Rochester,N. Y., haVe

Insomuch.as have yet your tender leaving hardly residuumon car. ,Parties 'shipping in this opened a branch seed,house at Satsuma, Put-.
you any way: 'nam county, Fla., and have appointed Dr.J.,B.
place to make In the world,and will the tongue. i .claim i that the fruit arrives':, in good, Henion of Satsuma, as general, agent for the

avail yourself of opportunities to condition and in every instance the largest'South. and Vick's most'seed reliable-house of'an.ln is one of the the United oldest!

Increase,your knowledge and Improve, IN GENERAL. most satisfactory :results have been States;and the name of,Vick is sufficient guarantee -

your mind, so will you make your The fruit all around DeLand is obtained.Gainesville Sun. Carolina for their should seeds be.;addressed all orders to, south Dr. JB.of North.-Hen-

life successful and happy.A small this year. The owners admit ion, Satsuma, Fla. Orders by,mail-or;express
This' season of abundant and .frequent are prepaid. Send to Dr.; Henion for ,V.i k'a
man's brain is a garden given this, but ,claim that it will grow some, rains has given for the first Guide which is mailed free. ,A, liberal discount
him t to.cultivate, and whose products and'plead the drouth in extenua- will be made on all large orders. Every known
will be his yet, time in several years, a sufficient variety of seeds,plants, flowers vegetables and
support. nursery stock will be furnished at:the:lowest
tion.The amount of water to reach the deep rates..
plant That Garden absence of split oranges is no growing roots of'old orange trees situated .

with seed of knowledge and from the ticeable, we did not see a dozen dur-. -; on high land. Under this gen--

vines will grow the blossoms of ing ,the entire drive. erous.supply of needed''moisture' ,hun .
r{ \1. financial gain and honorable The percentage of strictly fancy' dreds -of tough looking old proves!

preferment.: : fruit is very high. have taken,a,new,lease of life. There: ,
Never before In the history of the Plowing in bearing groves is fast ,
has been no "excess'.for. them and
.... ... .... .
into -
1 world have young men had an going disuse. Ninety per cent. _they have responded better indeed

I opportunity to fit themselves for the of the groves had so much dead crab- than could have been: expected. Why "THERE'S HOTHIHG NEW

7 battle of life as it Is now given them., grass in the spaces that>the owners are not take a hint,from this experience i' UNDER THE SUN",

In tbis, as in everything else, more or less apprehensive of fire and
and not t let them ;
; again get so dryan Long before the Page Fence people harnessed
American and
push public spirit lead many have plowed fire-breaks. Not I lifeless? Rainless periods will come Elasticity pressed It Into their service
the.world.AH of them have received whatis for restraining animals,It had been used foi
2 percent. hereafter have come but the that in ''this When the
that the as they ;: very purpose way:
college graduate has known country ,everybody rode horseback.
technically as clean culture. was new
been taught, and more, can be man whose grove is irrigated .can If hitched to a post or, tree; a restless 01
These looked as if they had been laugn when. the rain come.h not- frightened horse was sure to break loose but
secured.by the young man who gets a sandpapered, and the white, glisten- hitched to the end of a yielding limb the
set of the Encyclopaedia Britannica The.Irrigator. animal never discovered just where to exert
ing sand was painful to behold. his strength. The same puzzle confront
now offered to The Constitution'ssubscribers To those who interested in the
are the animal,behind the Colled Spring Fence. .
DeLand which be
J : on the easy payment of called the of is progressive development of Florida PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO:,Adrian,Mich.
birthplace irrigation
xo cents a.day. But remember that ; and'are desirous that the State shall
apparently inclined to give it the
our special. Introductory offer is for a rank foremost as the sanitarium of
limited time only: go-by and use plenty of strong potas- the United States, the Notes would

I, The Constitution sic fertilizer instead. I that much be '
S. POWERS. kindly suggest good can FERRY'S S..

I ATLANTA. OA.AZ DeLand, Fla.. November 17. accomplished in conversational 1 reasoning s

'T with uninformed by indicating -

the benefits. to be gained in mu- SEED.S
No more introductory prices after next Monday
,_Nov.. 26th. 'So. yon had* better act promptly, 1 RISIT TR E $: alas: well as individual cleanlinici re -
s 9f ? iu AJ A % AA. A 10 fv Aof 1iK >* f/%

... .',+ ,...."..,



< ;

Rapid Waste-of Orange. Box: Ma- supremacy of Dr. Prices's as."The Fore- FOR SALE.-On rough lemon Tardiff Blood (

:terial. most Powder in the',v orId.. The Grape Fruit strong, well-grown
Baking Address, Richard Klemm, Winter Haven, Flor- ..i
The Florida Iron and Wood'Works, of triumph at San Francisco confirms and da. n-3-5 't

Apopka, Fla., whose advertisement ap- emphasizes it.Growers'.
7RKSH YEAST CAKES-Made daily, 25 cents
elsewhere in our columns, write as *
package by mail warranted as:good as the
, follows regarding the dowell box-head Vade .Mecum. best. One cake to four loaves.. T. Pine, Sylvan

... machines that they manufacture: Lake, Fla. 11-3-3
million Messrs. Wilson & Toomer,'"The Fertil-
"From fifteen to tweaty-five
in zer:,House.of Florida," have issued a little ARLINGTON NURSERIES-Send at once for
feet of timber is annually
required brochure which every progressive of everything adapted to
shipping the Florida orange' crop alone, would t Florida, .Elegant and costly prizes never before
find valuable to him'
,:' and as this is increasing,, with each sea- grower:; many offered by any nursery company. Establishedover
: times.a year. It gives in condensed form twenty years Address Robert G. Bidwell,
and in the solid box heads
son making Prices reduced the Shireman Chain Fruit '
Nurseries Orlando Fla. Box
the of the different constitu- Arlington 147.
nothing percentage and Vegetable Sizer.- The most accurate sim-
? but the largest and,choicest timber 10204GRAPES.one
ents fertilizing: materials,-their valuesin ple and durable sizer made. C. A. Boone, gen'l
be used must that it will
can we see thousand White
Orlando Fla. Niagara grape
the chief markets of the the agent, ,
beonly a short time until we, shall be $4 a hundred. F. Lloyd,
, without timber for this purpose. And proportions recommended for different OUR RODS-Spanish Needles and Dip Needles Fruitland Park, Lake county, Fla. 11-3-6

crops, etc. There are also formulas for ,. the best instrum- nts for hunting miner-
in this the best heart
-we/are wasting way making the various insecticides and fun- als. Ben. G Stauffer, Harrisburg, Pa. 11.24.26FOR
timber,in the state that should, be, used The
for building\ bridges, etc. gicides, carefully compiled from authentic SALE-On the tree, at :Duke St. Johns

''Nwthe dowel1 box head sources. .In fact, it contains just the Fla., about 1,500 boxes A i bright oranges Typical s
' ? object'ofth information which the grower often from the Dr. Greeley grove. Address Bv *
: machines referred to is' to a Tropical
.: provide D. Woodbury. Cheshire Conn. 11-3-6
wishes he had, but does not know exact-
means of working the, small tim- .
np sap ON BLOOD AND BONRFor30days.Wilson Topic. .;
where to look for it.
ber and also the outside sap,lumber and ly & Toomer, The Fertilizer House of *
Traveling ? _, .; ;
and *- Florida. Jacksonville, Fla. n-i-3
from this stock get our box crate '

heads. This timber is often left to waste California Strawberries. WANTED-Consignments of well packed se- Take .i' *$; :

,' ,- 'or i is burned up, and this quality' of lum" Porter Bros. Company say: Upon last oranges first-class trade. The ;' '
' Address, Older, 20 Kilby street, Boston, Mass.
ber is generally sold at a reduced price ort !Saturday, November 10, we received u-17-4 :

thrown away altogether. One of ,these Goodell car No.16564 six trays of California Tropical v
r simple and inexpensive, machines will strawberries sent forward as an ex- LARGE ,smaller 25 cents mail prepaid. Peach. Trunk .. .>
: convert this lumber into the choicest plum and other,fruit trees, bottom prices.
j periment by :Mr. H. C. Goodell (patenteeof pear Line. ;

a bright, clean, nice and strongest box i the car), and we are pleased to be able Summit Nurseries, Monticello, Fla. 11-17-3

: ;heads. from 12 inches'to 14 to report the arrival of the berries in SAIL BOATS.-St. Lawrence Skiffs, Dories, Traffic <;,. .. |
what ,
with Boats, Sneak 'Boxes. State you
, inches in and from 12 inches :to I splendid condition and of excellent qual- want and write for prices. E. D. Putney. Mt. Trends '

24'inches' long. One machine' is capable I ity, as the friends who were fortunate .Dora Fla. n-17-tf .I Tideward k*.

'"" of making from 6,000 to 8,000 heads per; enough, to secure some can testify. rj"SALE.-Satsuma orange trees, on sweet

: day There are but few, if any, .saw stock. Buds three to six feet high trained on Toward <, 'J

' mills that these machines would not The Beauties of Our Tariff stocks. Now is the time to plant. Address, H. The 1
" Friedlander, Interlachen, Fla. 11-17-4
" 9 prove a valuable addition thereto.

,.< .-..-.. .-: Are illustrated by the following extract; THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale Turbid = ,

% Business Notices. from the market report of Messrs. Zucca 127,000 citrus trees on sour orange,grapefruitand Twisting ,
& Co. New York November 17 rough lemon roots,of the following varieties: ., Jsi
J CHAPMAN''& SUDLow.-We have much : Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo,Au- Tack "' :i

I \ pleasure in calling the attention of Grapes.:: The general complaint that rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown, .

[ orange money.is short is untrue, when a person Hart's Tardiff,Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma Kum- The ',' : "'-'-/ :1
f" and farmers to the advertisement
growers attends the auction sales. The quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa. ;f'
\ 6"f Chapman ,Sudlow, fertilizer menu-, grape Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. TahitiSeedless Trackless /: .,
I, facturers. These gentlemen have a' bidding is spirited and prices have beaten Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless
very past: records. The present prices ofgrapes'are Grape-fruit. C. M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co., Tarpon Time n
complete factory for turning out.fertil. -
| Fla.
|. izer,all their machinery being of the lat- realizing the growers in Spain 11-17-20 Takes. Tempts :;
from 10 to 12c per Ib. net. In California,. fl OOOFLATDUTCHCABBAGEPUNTS
est inventions and personally superin- Test The
. cl U ) .
and j (
Ohio is than per
Jersey our more
tended by both members of the firm. grower in baskets Arcadia Nurseries
1.000 by express. The
satisfied if he in Tardy
Their fertilizers have been tried throughout succeeds realizing 1} Monticello, Fla. n-io-tf -
t' cents per lb. When the higher cost of Tale .-- ,
: the State, ,and the good business MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like To .;
the :necessities of life '
V which they now have shows that honesty and higher wages .. Bowfeer's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor- The "Tarry. :
paid,for'help here are taken into consid- ida last year. Hundreds 'of testimonials. For .
r in manufacture is bound to tell. We '
I eration, we must agree that the grape particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.' Types Tax .
hope that the'growers will give them a io-i3-tf ..

|t ;fair share of their orders this season., growers in Spain this year are making a BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING. Tell; Thou :, *.
fortune. The of
| How? MANY'LL HATCH ?" is the question quantity grapes shippedto of the best. $i for 13. R. Puddy, Travel
Y America this from Thy
f that confronts the poultryman as her year Spain amounts Lawtey, Fla. 10.6.13HANDBILLS 1

e to only one-third the usual quantity received for the sale of Fruit This Talent .
,starts his incubator.: With the Improved, Grape Copy- ).
. Victor Incubator and Brooder the an- in previous years. Americans are 25 cents; 500, 90 cents; 1,000,
becoming so accustomed to this delicacy, $1.60, post included. Can be ordered from Typical To-day 4
swer is always the same-as many as Adolph Riedel, 1818 Collington AV., Baltimore,
that cannot with them Thoroughfare
:there are fertile eggs. In an interestingand they ,dispense Md .Better your returns;try it. 10-6-8 That.'I'I
even at a high price. There is only one Reliable Through '
handsome'catalogue recently issued RESPONSIBLE, Commission Mer- rJft : ,
.. by tho manufacturer, of these specialties, more steamer to arrive, the Corinthia,", ,N. Y,-Batterson & Co. The Tend '

' Geo. Ertel Co., Quincy Ill, the following! with 3,300 ,barrels; 1,000 barrels will I-29-tf 1-,,
" which' probably be received'via Liverpool, mak- FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel Truly 1 'T', :
claims are made, seem tobe borne North Carolina mountains. Owner must }
.. out by hundreds of testimonials: ing a total'of 4,300 barrels for the remainder live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W. Tropical Thee t

!", The Improved Victor the only absolutely of the season. The general belief' is B. Clarkson, Jacksonville,Fla. 9-15-0 It
.r that the purchase of even at thehigh.prices Territory. Tomorrow.The ,
self-regulating incubator in the grapes, S O H fi O FINE,healthy pear trees. LeConte, j
market-is the 'most neatly paid, will give a profit.In Kiefier. Garber and others. Sat- ,
>* < strongest, the first circular letter to the trade suma Oranges,Figs Peaches, Plums and Pecansat
r' constructed, most easily operated and tho Riverside Fruit Exchange announces bottom prices.. J. H. Girardeau, Monticello Thoughtful l
most durable. Florida. 9-8 tfFOR '
o It is the incubator itself that it is in better shape in every way; Tourist -
only regulating l
prices, E.
this to handle business. That it :
to' both extremes of temperature, year Hubbard, Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent. v .!, Thanks .' .
:' from below"freezing point to 90 secured a larger percentage of the acreage IO-2I-tf J, "
: way up /: The ,
and also of this
. a larger percentage sea-
: above. -
or more UDARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney
t The Improved Victor Hot' ,. Water son's fruit than was under Its control last Sicily I.emonBest''orange and lemon ::; z Terse
year. As near as can be estimated at the grown. Write for catalogue J. H. Turnley, :
.Brooder '
t in : the
no equal raising time it" has secured 90 "Excelsior Nurseries, Lake Weir, Fla. 8-11-13 i ;; if,
: present over percent : :
chicks after they are hatched.! ,Sp. .warranted -I x'
: of the fruit"CENTAWORD FOR SAI.E.-16,000 orange, 'lemon and grape
.\ or no sale: '
/- trees. Write for catalogue and prices.All .
. The Improved,Victor Incubuator$andBrooder budded on sour stock.. J. H. Turnley, "Ex- : : Tells

i. is the cheapest first class hatching COL UM N. celsior Nurseries,",I.ake Weir, Fla. 7-7-20 The \ .1

, and raisIng'outfit ever made'or. -sold, SALE cashtime tiade .' --
FOR or ,orange groves, Truth. < :
,and can be bought with: perfect, safety, jTo insure Insertion in this column, advertise- and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka, : .... "
;I being patented and manufactured by ahlr .ments.. must be accompanied by the money. Fla. 3-ii-i6t ?? The ,- .:::1

[ old established and reliable firm. Send: Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. : .'
SALE.-125 acre of good land on North ; TypicalV" '
.Postage Stamps received in payment.Count FOR "
I at once for catalogue which can be had
of St. Lucie River, over half mile of -:

r" free, if mention ismade of this paper. !'rtfXJV '.. :-every_-------x-----: word,[including"", .-- J JJv n.-name-and.-.-address..._-.-.-.._._., river front, besides navigable river running .. : ., Tripe ; ,;
' through it. Fourteen acres cleared of which ten '' .
DR. PRICE'S CREAM BAKING'POWDER.t .- ,:SALE-Steamer "Nettie ; ThlneaVia .
FOR length thirty are in pineapples, mostly bearing, one in mangoes -y :'' "1
> Two signal have been achieved' ;beam seven feet.-"Murry and Tregurthapip& ': '
triumphs! one in limes and lemons. Cottage, packinghouse : '\
f- Price's Cream Baking Powder.,: boiler. Five-horse engine. Twenty-two, etc. Price $7,000. E. C. B. Tyn- .
First r ,inch propeller. J. B. Wardwell,agent, Ormond ,. :.
dall, Waveland, Fla. I The -
; it received Highest Award and Diploma Pla >.. 11-28-3 11-3-5 '." % ,

[ at the Worlds Columbian Exposition 'WANTIt -An improved grove or fruit farm; CITRUS TREES.-Fine stock; none better;low .. -,: : Tropical,

of; 1893. Next it secured Highest' cost over twenty-five hundred dollars;; ; and square treatment No "back : .
Award and Gold Medal at the California not too far from town; orange or lemon pre- numbers" offered. Write for prices.. Thirteen i- Trunk .. :
i I.e fered. Address" particulars to R. H. Matson, years experience. Phoenix Nurseries, Braiden- '
Midwinter Fair of 1894. At both Fairs JacksonTenn:: It' town, Fla. II 3-18 line.

it surpassed all competitors in re- t ;:

": spect. The award in each instance every'\Vab' 'P NTIR 1 HERD OP GRADE JERSEYS' FOR 90 trees.DAYS and-I will sell fruit first-class budded or- For maps and particulars address,' :
trees and
, ange grape oue
bulls, cows and heifers must be sold. Write
: for the strongest leavening power, perfect Wm. B. Schrader; Tallahassee, Fla. years old, cheaper than any firm in the State. G. D. ACKERLY :
11-24-2 ,
varieties. Call ou or address, G 'x.. Michael
:: purity and general excellence. It was 15 ;
eo sustained by the' unanimous vote of the FOR SALE OR ,EXCHANGE common Stall Hill Nursery, Glen Ethel, Fla. 10-17-8 GENERAL PASSEl R' AGENT,

black .Langshan cockerels Paragon Smooth and Abbaka
judges. FINE Cayenne Pineapple
strain, ful},outer, feathers. Wm. B. Schrader. and Slips. 'Orlando Grape & Fruit THE TROPICAL TRUNK LIRE, s
The at establishes tho
victory Chicago Tallahassee Fla. iI-24.2, Co., Orlando, Fla. 10-27-8 '. Jacksonville,-FU
.. .


. ,
F 1TiE

\:. '.
..",,'f., t

i _,, '
. --- --
. 'f .
-., -

r.: ," SAVANNAH LINE. The Clyde Steamship Co.

r t' Time 48 to, 55-- hours between Savannah,. New York and .Philadelphia, and NEW YORK, CHUHliESTDN HHDFliDipJI IdNES.

between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours.
4 The magnificent ,Steamships of this Line are 'appointed -

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. Both ways to sail: as follows,- calling, at Charleston, S. C.,

: PaasA Ke Ra .tea s From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, B. R.) STEAMER Florida.

; Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, l43-5; Friday, Oct. z6th at 3 p m..... ....CHEROKEE" .......Thursday, Nov. ist, at 7:00 a m
...:., Steerage, $12.50. Monday, 4> 2gth,at 3 p m........."* YBMASSEE"........Sunday, 4th at quo: am
'. Wednesday, 31St. at 3 p m......... "ALGONQUIN".Tuesday, 6th,at 11:00 a m
t. Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $n.oo; Excursion $47.301; Steerage, $14.25 Friday Nov.It 2d, at 3 p m........."SEMINO E"..... ....Thursday 8th, at '130= pm130pm
s', The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Monday, 5th,at 3 p m.........: "IROQUOIS!"........Sunday, nth, at
Wednesday, I' 7that3pm.. ...... "CHEROKEE" ...... .:l'ucsday.II 13th, at 4:00am
Friday at at
9th, 3 p m. : "YEMASSEE".Thursday, isth 5:30: a m
F, (Central or goo Meridian Time.) Monday. 12th. at 3 p m..ALGONQUIN..Sunday, II 18th. at S.ooam

Chattahoochee .......... .. ..................................... ...Saturday, Dec. i, 7.00 p.m. Wednesday, "" 14th, at 3 p m.................."SEMINOLE". ....'............Tuesday, "" 2oth, at 10:00: am
I." Nacooohee ........................._...............:... ... .........Monday, Dec. 3, 8.oop.m* Monday, 16th, at at 3 p m ..... .""IROQUOIS"*CHhROKEE".. ....Thursday, 22d.,at at 12:30: p m
'"' Tallahassee.... ......... .... .. .' .. .................... ........Wedn'sdayDec. 5, II.ooa.m. 19th, 3 pm. Sunday 25th 130 pm
.it City of Augusta ........................ ....:...................Friday, Dec. 7,12.30p.m.City > Wednesday II 21St, at 3 p m."YAMASSEE".Tuesday........ 27th,at 4:xw a m
*' ... .................... Friday 23d, at 3 pm. "ALGONQUIN".Thursday, 29th at 5.30; a m
of Birmingham........ ....... ....... Saturday, Dec. 8, 1.30 p.m. y'" Kansas City...... ...................... .............................Monday Dec. 10, 3.oop. m- Monday, K ,26th.at3pm.EMINOLE": .. ..... ...Sunday, Dec." 2d, at 730= am
Chattahoochee................. ................................ .....\Vedn'saayDea 12, 5.oop.m.Nacoochee Wednesday, .1 28th.at 3 p m."IROQUOIS"....... ....... Tuesday ', 4th nth at 9:00: am
f" ................ ...;............... ..... ..........-......Friday, Dec.14, 6.ooa. m. Friday 30tbat3pm. "CHEROKEE" .Tuesday, ,at 10:00: a m
Tallahassee .................. ................ ............ ............Saturday, Dec. 15, 7 oo p. m For New York direct.
1' City of Augusta ........................................ ......Monday, Dec. 17 .oo p. m. -
City of-Birnilnghaml.] .............._............ .................Wedn'sday Dec. 19 n.ooa.m.
! Kansas City...................... .... ... ..... ................... Dec. 21, I.cop.m. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.
Chattahoochee ........................................ ...............Saturaay, Dec. 22, 2.oop.in.
Nacoochee ........ ...................................................Monday. Dec.24, 4.oo p. m Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia calling at Charleston, S. C., south-
W Tallahassee........ ....o. ..................................: ........Wedn'sdayDea26, 5 oo p. m bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
City of Augusta........'.............................................Friday Dec. 28, 6.30 a. m. :
,r City of Birmingham.... ... .......................................Saturday, Dec. 29, 7.00 p. moo .
', Kansas City........................................ ...............Monday, Dec. 31, 8 p. m Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct:
Saturday, October 27th................DELAWARE................Sunday November 4th
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Saturday, November sd........... ....WINYAH..Sunday, November nth
City of Macon....................................................... Thursday, Dec. 6,11.30a.m. Saturday, November loth...............DELAWARE.....:..' ......Sunday, November 18th
t Gate City................................... ............;............. Thursday, Dec. 13, 5.30P m. Saturday November 17th...................WINYAH...... ...........Sunday. November 25th
City ofMacon......................................... ... ........ Thursday, Dec. 20, 11.30a.m. Saturday, November 24th........ ...... .DELAWARE..., .......Sunday December 2d
Gate City.................... ....... ........?... ........ ............ Thursday, Dec. 27 5.30p.m. Saturday, December ist ... ...............WINYAH.. ........... ....Sunday, December 9th


f (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) ST. JOLTNIVEJE L LN E.

t L....... ................r.. ............_.....Dec. 8, ,1.30p.m. _
Dcssoug.... .............................."........................ ................Dec. 18, 930am. "-
Dessoug- ....... ........................................ .............. .Dec. 28, 6.30a. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on

f the St. Johns River. :

I The elegant iron side-wheel steamers ', ,
: Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah, Florida & Western Railway, ..
,N Florida Central& Peninsular Railroad. "Oity of Jacksonville "
Through Bills Lading Tickets and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South.. ,.
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to Capt'W. A. SHAW,
r R. I,. WALKER Agent C. G.ANDERSON,Agent. '
: -
New Pier No.35, North River"New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. 6E'RED K DeBARY, -
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf;;Boston. Capt. T. W. LUND,Jr. -
W. I JAMES,Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.W. .
H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford
f J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y. .daily except Sunday, at 9 00 a. m. .,
J.L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. &P. R. R., A..DeW. SAMPSON General Agent,
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.J. SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUND..
P. BECKWITII General Agent, 121 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.W. Read down Read up.

J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E.ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Leave 3.30 p. m. .......... ...:..'...... Jacksonville................. .... Arrive 3.3. a. m.
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent II 8.45 P.: m. .. ......... ...'........ .Palatka ............ ............ Leave 9.00 pr m.
121 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. .. 3.C') a. m. ............ .......... Astor .................... ... 3.30 P. m.
.I 4.30 a. m. .......................St. rancls.' ...................... 1.30p. m.
,, 5.30 a. m. ...... ..... ............ Bereslor: ....................... 12.00 noon
If 6:00: a. m. ...... ................Blue Springs... ......."...... 1.1 11.30a. m.
SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK Arrive 8.30 a. m......... .... .... ... .....Sanford. ................. .... u 9.00 a. m.
I' 9.2S a. m........................... Enterprise ......... .:.. ..... II 9.30 a. m.

OH I'J: oI rnA, General Passenger and Ticket Office: .88 West Bay St., Jacksonville

JACKSONVILLE. A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent Bowling Green, New York.
M. H. CLYDE. Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.. ,
CAPITAL, $50,000. D. D. C. MINK. General Freight Agent. 12 So. Delaware avenue Philadelphia, Pa. .
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. ',." .
t H. ROBINSON, President. W. J. HARKISHEIMER, Vice-Pres. F.M. IRONMONGER., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., ]Jacksonville, 'Fla
WItI RAWLINSON, Cashier, JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,.Fla.
J. A..LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

DIRECTORS : WM. P. ,CLYDE "& CO., Qenl Agents,

H. ROBINSON, J.HILDBBRANDT, P. E. McMURRAY, 12 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

Collections' made onall, points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay- ;
ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on WILLIAM BOURS & :CO.

Savings. .

I Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

President.H. .
aa v' ST BAY 19T., JAOKpo ..E, P A.

Cashier. CAPITAL $100,000.. Assistant Cashier.'' We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal

:. Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and. Dark.

solicits Deposits Collections and Geneva '
Iteapeetfully you ,
Tggert-IHen Fertilher Co.
Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE ,

s Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH
Yr<>RS. '
I John L. Marvin A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin Orange Tree and Vegetable[ ._ ._ KAINIT Etc, -.

H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R..B. Archibald, FERTILIZER.; .." ; ":. .

Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, ; r' .' These Fertilizers have no auperiothe; .. market. and'a. trial will convince, ;."....."'.. ,. ...
Dr H. Roblnapn. John B. Hartridge.i Send for Catalogue ,free. '(J- *-.''... .;.-- :pA ,1f.! _
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that our Company could prepare HIGHER GRADES of fertilizers and sell them at LOWER PRICES than manufacturers.. The reason is obvious. Weare home manufacturers,saving all ex f.
tra costa transportation,additional handling,drayage,etc., extra storage and the Jacksonville agents' commissions. In purchasing from us, you secure your fertilizers from first hands-the :
manufacturers all our shipments are direct from our factory, accordingly: we can make you a lower list price on our Special Crop Mixtures. But in addition to this,we.propose,during the present i
season. of'94-95,to give every purchaser of our: brands the benefit of all the profits of the middle-men and agents,therefore we will allow, with AIJ, CASH ORDERS, ,w


I '
The usual commission paid, to-agents. W.propose to give- the growers.. of Florida t.and other States their fertilizers on closer margins... of profit than ever before. ,.'?+

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'"Are. Our Fertilizers Large f Producers ? 1 I How Can You Obtain Good Prices for- :: Your I

No company watches their Special Brands as we do,a letter of inquiry going to each purchaser: Crops ?
after the gathering of his crop;this,combined.with our numerous and exhaustive tests, have 'enabled Ij
us to gradually improve our Special Crop Mixtures so as to meet the'crop and soil require- -.: .
ments,thus greatly increasing the yield. I II; Jt is decidedly to our interest to have those who use or expect to purchase our brands'of fertilizers t
I secure the very highest prices for their:fruit and vegetables,and see that they get full NKT
RETURNS. ,We have accordingly arranged to sell at New York, the best market in the country,
Can We Actually Increase Your Profits 50: if properly worked,the crops of our customers and their friends. We, have employed, men;;thoroughly -
acquainted<< with this business, in New York.State,and you can rest assured that none',of "
I your consignments will be sacrificed on glutted markets,as in such instance we have arranged to
reforward.at a nominal expense to interior markets. .
to 5'0'0'per cent ? : ,During June and July, '94,.we handled and sold the entire watermelon crop of G. W. Bigelow.of .
Bushnell, Kla. The NET RETURNS we sent him were$6,134.15 for.28 carloads-or an average of w
I: '$219107: net-fully 25 to 50 per cent. higher than any other melon growers in Florida or Georgia have
Those following our advice have done more than that-they have,by increasing the yield and ever received for their shipments during the entire season. .
improving the quality,made groves and truck farms that were not. paying expenses, by. a liberal *r ,(For an itemized list of these sales see F.F.& F. Grower for Nov. 3rd, '94.)
dressing of our Special Fertilizers,yield them handsome incomes each.year, over all expenses ;Mr. Bigelow raised these magnificent melons,the finest ever seen in N. Y.,with our celebrated .i
Write for our new pamphlet for season:94-95,and read it carefully. ,brand TRUCK. FARMERS' SPECIAL. '



.Ship .your orange and, .vegetable. .crops to us via Clyde Line to New York, and secure highest .market prices,

t ,' . .. .. . . .;
,, ; i.: prompt and full returns. :: : .
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.Write for our new fertilizer pamphlet for'95 and all agricultural: information, samples, analyses, ,prices, stencils, etc.,etc. .
.. -
.. .

THB :PA : E T 1 R'rII.iI1 E. CO..9 7; =
FACTORY, 'EAST JACKSONVILLE. New Offices,. 658, 660 and 662 East Bay Street, )JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. No. .1' Broadway,. NEW-YORK. .

A complete: treatise: on the most successful fertilization for young and bearing orange trees on pine and ham'l

mock'lands in Florida fbr increased profits, sent on'application.? j illn

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._. Bs1: b11911ed; :' in. 1S .6.. Mt ", Iw r;




a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of. the Citrus
Sold for the low price of Family, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown, and tested by us '
in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of (
/ : The 'Largest Stocks of Citrus: Trees in the United States.
i is strong and well-made, and easy to operate. Has'automatic .
Send[forcircular*. Address, :
feed. pa. jwr. P3IBFC. e. **
bnnaet Hut Lake Co.'.Fla, ;'
"" "" WBM-M M MMMM Mn HIHIMMM HBH wv )0'
.-J. ALDRICH, Agent for Florida, ."
Box 493, Orlando, Florida.THE '
: Orange Trees .: ..: ': rt



,-, Are Manufactured by the ,,J?

L. ;:B.. Darling ,Fertilizer F .Co, The Old. 'Reliable_Buckeye Nurseries. ,;:a aI

OF PAWTUCKET R. I. have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of ,all the standard'va ;Jj
rieties. I hare a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five "

We also carry in stock Potash. Nitrate Soda,Kainit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poultry to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at :1
,Sulphur,Cottonseed Meal,Tobacco Stems,Land Plaster and Ashes. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange. ''!I


Rear of 26 West Bay St.,on river front,midway between Main and'Laura' Sts. '. M. E. GII/LETT, Prop.,

Bend for Pocket Memoranda Book. Weirsdala,'IT*.


On Blackwater Bay,opposite Bagdad, Santa Rosa County, Florida.
Incorporated Home Association of Orange' Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the i
BOX, MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list and terms. -
GEO. E.FAIRBANKS-Presldent.. -- D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President. Seed nuts at one cent nut. Table nuts at fifteen cents pound. One >
per per year old trees "
and M. P. TURNER aver-
ALBERT Mgr. Secretary.
6 to inches at thousand.
12 high cents tree $40 Terms cash
age 5 per ; per order, in money ;'
E.G. BradfordCo. "
DIREOTORS-Oeo R.Fairbanks,Alachua Dr E. "
; ; Hill
A..XTabl order letter. must
BdGTCu&Cl t5OStOlflCC
on or regIStered Postage orders
Greenleaf accompany by mail,or
.Crutcher Co. IX same ;
h Hiilsboro Co. John bran,Lake Co.: Hy Orange Duval Co.;
deducted the
will be from order. Orders carefully packed
Duval Co. A. Brevard o. Sampson, Marlon Co. C.V. : andshit>ped as directed Transit charges -
J. D. Mead, : Brady, Co.F. ; Hillyer. to be paid by purchaser on receirt of order. No' responsibility after
John M. W. E. tanton, Putnam Co. M. S.Moreman shipment. Absence .of
Marion Co.; Bryan,Osceola ; ; St. shipping direction will ship by Instructions for,planting, cultivator
express. etc.,
C.F. A. Polk Co
Johns. Co.; Bielby, volusia Co.;Irvsag'Keck
from December
given purchasers requested. Planting season to March.
Fruit Earner the better.
Addresslall correspondence to the Florida Exchange,Jacksonville,Fla Stencil.
with full packing shipping.instructions furnished on application.,: ARTHUR BROWN, P. O. Box No. 4, Bagdad, Florida *,'

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