Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00049
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 20, 1894
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00049
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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y s. Powers, Publisher and Proprietor. << JACKSONVILLE-- FLA.! OCTOBER 20; 1 1894. Whole" No. 1341 Vol.NEW VI,sERI[,No. 42.. ...
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,Geo.. S. Hacker ,& Son, W. C.W -' F ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F. J NRILL.&JONES W. L. DOUCLAS : '


.c = -_.... $5J4 CORDOVAN.
= ... :::-=1>.- = :ENCH&ENAMEIIEDCALF:
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d J 2I o0 :58. .& 60 WEST, MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN 'ST., ::'I.--5 y:=="- .350FINECALF&KAN6AI
... BUFFALO; N.., Y. -- 'E $3.5P POUCE,3 SOLES.
-a -= i.w. .t') j'2 WORKINGM
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.. ... -Q., ... Correspondence:invited and stencils:f.furnished on Application. Reliable agents wanted at ., r;,a;:

o ---1k4 -O all principal shipping points, $S.- 2BZZsDON60L41 .
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O. .. First National Bank" of.Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce' Buffalo. N. Y. Dun's and Brad- 7 WL*DOUGLAS,
: street's '
Agencies., BROCKTON, MASS.

And Building Material.CHARLESTON l. Yon"\-V.'can L.save.Douglas money 83.00 by::wearing Shoe.' the

'. Queen City Fruit Auction Co. Because we are the largest manufacturers of ,
S.. C. this grade shoes in the world,and guarantee their
value by* stamping the name 'and price on the
bottom,which protect you against high prices and
BUFFALO, NEW YORK. the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal custom

REFERENCES>-Bank Commerce' Buffalo, N. Y. ,Dun's and Bradstreet's Agencies. work In style, easy fitting and wearing qualities.
We have them sold everywhere lower prices for
'..: Fraud5FruitWappers. the value given than any other make. Take no sub
; stltute. If your dealer cannot supply yon we can.
: $2 PRBARRfIf:

,NO MORE CHEATING. seed of the Genuine Bermuda Onion crop of 1894 will be ready October 1st. OF 175 POUNDSON .
Send in your order now. We have both varieties, the White and Pale lied. Price I P
!. per packet. 5c; half oz., 15c; 1 oz.,.25c; one-fourth lb., 85 c; one-half lb., SIGO;' 1 lb.:1.00" .-, I
4. .. Consumers ,of, Fruit Wrappers may $: postpaid. CARS OR BOAT

4 now know that they get an honest 'ream H. G. HASTINGS: diC CO., EED911E.: I NEW: YORK.
of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheets ... SAMPLES
to ream as some unscrupulous dealers: Illustrated Catalogue free on application.' I n te r l lac hen, F" rid a. HASTOQTHOFF.MAILED FREE ,

.' supply. %,, 331 AVE.NY.C.
for Florida. MADJSON
Everything Established 1883
OUR "FAIR AND .SQUARE"of M.grsec, Second Crop Seed Potatoes*
To interested in whether for House Orchard Gar
everyone plants, ., or :
F I '
den our Earliest strongest most pro-
Wrappers arepiitupinpackagesof l o 2nd d ductive Ready for fan delivery
1000 each, and each Wrapper fe CATALOGUE: and MANUALwill October isth and thereafter. Can
numbered, in, printing consecutively .3, be found i invaluable. :We can supply all Fruits as grown in the South be cuUany time. Varieties: New
Queen, Early Hebron, Early Pu-
besides Ornamental and Useful Plants and Trees from the 'Four. Quarters,
from 1,to 1000. No one can % z,,:;_# ?' of the Earth." (From Aloe to Zingiber," etc.) Write to-day.. ;.-.. 11 tan, Thorburn. Early Rose
.. Early Norther and Freeman
.. sl&Iowo9A ,
to ,
C name. Crop lot price
HONESTLY.BEAT '. ro P Send for free pamphlet John C.
-.. Pearce&Co., No. 404. West Main
our prices. Send for samples and prices street.Louisville. Ky.


THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., Some parts of the country, at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE or no .
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best FLORIDA STATE ,
JERSEY CITY, N.J.: ana nearest to a Seedless Orange of any 'now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow
for sale by _
N.B.. -We do not deal" *in unprinted ,% V.,, A. BOONE, Agent. AGRICULTURALCOLLEGE "
wrappers. "
i r ,. .. Semi-Tropical Nurseries.,Orlando; Fla,

.- Free on application.. ,The New (1894-95) Catalogue.of the. .. .

..' Has a full Faculty of able Professors. Rood
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES: equipment in Laboratories and Shops. Gives
Five: Full Courses Instruction.
w Don't. Loser

Gives 1 the results of 19 years experience with the Hardy-Trifoliata in the U...S.;' AGRICULTURAL
describes over, 300 varieties offered for Florida and. Lower- South,embracing: 4 THE MECHANICAL

'this year and make up for lost timeFerry'nSeed t GRAPE FRUIT ; THE BUSINESS
Annual for 1894 will j
give you many valuable hints degrees of B. S.and A. B. to :
GRANTS gradu
about what to raise and bowl j' Which makes productive trees that bear and STAN CO full
". raise It..It contains informa- ( vigorous young D L D.) A line full courses. Young men board in
# ;. :; :tlon to be had from no ot of orange and other citrus fruits,oil both orange and tnfoliata'stocks;peaches pears, plums,Japan mess hall for $10 per month. Young women
.do- source.: :;' Free'to alL persimmons figs,grapes'. apricots 'olives, mulberries: ,' pomegranates, nut trees. etc.. also orna-"" boards with private families in town,$10 to$IS'a
"''. .D...M*Ferry&eo.> mentals- ,including. month. No tuition charged residents- of Flair
da Next term
-- begins OCTOBER 2.
Detroit .
,': ,For Catalogue;.giving full information, write
: Midi ",:'60. Varieties of Roses ,Adapted. :to. this Climate.' to

n .. '. ':. :.'. ..; ,I O. CLUTE, President.

to ... .. -.t': ; ".,!'. .. .: ." ,..- ;;4: G. L. TABER,. Glen, St. ,Mary. ., :Fla.. Lake, .City, Florida. .
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658......, ";;,-.'..,.. ... THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.-, ,' ".'.! "'-,""' .. :'


Numerous tests have conclusively demonstrated that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes(white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can, how',
ever,be more effectively,reached while in the egg,larva and pupa states. It is now in those states,'hut will commence'hatching the fly about the middle. of June. ,

:Now: is the- TiD1: to App1y. ", .'" ... ", ..'
It is also fatal to the Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs,and to the Scale without reference. to the hatching periods. i ,-: .1::.:-" '


OLD RELIABLE. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is,claimed for it.. :;;:tf; }: 4.; C':'
I SULPHUR.Single _'."."",""""':'','J.....",."..'...f.\i.....:.. .,
:::;{-';! > ;;
:..'.' barrels,ton or in.car lots.SriArIQ. >!.i.t'l':' ':-: 1tt'ji

: : : l\CIACHINERY.. ,, :, ;:' ..: Jt>-;' ';

In Great variety at manufacturers'prices. ,' *
.( s;j. v: *.
STEVENS'ATER MOTOR. .'.:..;;-l', -.. ,
A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated.. Will greatly reduce the cost of using insecticides. Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and- wire bound j ".,,.. :':jT..f<_ ,
"' "
:" T'
BANGOR BOX S1 DES. ;..: ;':;;,
';, 'Cat'iO will arrive in June. Special rates for orders to,be shipped froni vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates and other growers supplies., :.;<,:x'tt<

'- = .SPECIAL NOTICE. = '1 i.

., W The rate for transporting Insecticides has been reduced from 6th class to class "K." A reduction of more than 50 per cent. : J. ,>. :
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:{; : Correspondence solicited. ;. : ,
Wayerose Wharf. Jacksonville. Fla >" .



,, Having been practical orange growers,for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them-our--,,
selves for the last ten from when make the statement
years, we speak experience we following : '_
.- That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest, and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.. '

It lias never yet.. been Adulterated.... or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower ,the Price, as'. t.

other Insecticides have been throughout the State,
But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed;ori

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, which
is,very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also'the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used.

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. > .'-. ::::;':p.L :e--; ',
I These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. ,':';;/:>: '
-' References and general directions for using furnished on application. .' 3,
J. Write for Price-List. :v'


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San Mateo Fla. -,
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FERTILIZERS Orange Trees .Ji

Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone.' F


This is a Guaranteed Fact.

Standard Guano & Chemical M'f'g' Co.No.l4. The Old Reliable_Buckeye Nurseries

Union St., New Orleans, La. I have on hand the finest. lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va.
rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa ia two-year buds, from five
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.Write to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times,and propose to sell at
for Almanac, Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.
Write for prices.
W,H.MICHAEL. Established 1868. A..W.MICHAEL M. E. GILLETT, Prop., '

Weirsdal,Fla.POTKSH .

Milwaukee Florida a..qgl.Ga.. F ERTILIZING .
Selected strains of. Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. Use only
Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
Our stock is large and complete.For Catalogue PROMPT and Price-List ATTENTION,address TO CORRESPONDI NCI;. Fertilizers Containing Over, 10 Per Cent of Potash.

A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. Information and Pamphlets free.GERMAN KALI. WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York City.

,,,-"' '.. '





.2 PER $2 PER

I of good material in the shape of The Pinery.Edited air have finally surrendered at discre-
Marketing. honest men in every city, who would tion.

"'--.....-..... gladly embrace the opportunity if Something, some little can be done,
offered. by JOHN B. BEACH. Melbourne Fla. perhaps by the selection of fertilizers
Growers Must be of One Mind. ,
Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower: The percentage the agencies should though but a little. I believe in using
In your interesting editorial on receive might be gauged according to Mr. Pabor's Case.I cotton seed meal and tobacco dust
"The Commission Merchant," in your the size of the territory they cover. am sorry to gather from Mr. Pa frequently the first twelve months and
issue of Sept. :2d, you state that "a I The two cents per box received by the bor's recent letter that the pineappleis stirring the ground as often as possibleto
rigidly systematized and regulated distribution Association will give sufficient capitalto proving a shy bearer in the Avon produce a good plant growth from the
of the crops through agencieswill guarantee the shippers against all Park region. But people need not be start, then making a good applicationof
in the end, yield the growers the losses and overcharges. When the too much dismayed at first, however, blood and bone before the fall rains
highest returns." growers fully realize and understandthe because there may be some conditions begin, or, if rainy in summer, in July
These words are very gratifying, situation they will heartily cooperate which are not as yet thoroughly un- with a little tobacco dust on the plantsto
for they endorse our remarks in your with the Florida Fruit and derstood which have caused this fail keep off red spider. Then give the
paper of Aug. 25th, under the title, Vegetable Association, provided it ure to fruit, and which may be rectifiedby plants a rest all through November and
"An Appeal to the Growers." But adopts the only feasible system, that is experience. Uusually pines plantedin December, stopping work perhaps as
further oji in the editorial you say : the agency system in marketing the July will produce a 60 per cent. early as October 15, and early in January -
' "The day of an organization with such crops, for it is the only system that crop in two years if taken proper care I give them an application of some
almost superhuman powers and vision "will in the end yield the growers the of, and while many fields in this sec- complete manure which is both quick
is remote in the future. Thereare highest returns" and make the Asso- tion often act as Mr. Bester's has and lasting, and will stay by them till
many growers of many minds and ciation "one of the most beneficent done, it is almost invariably fields July without renewal, and is rich in
ten times as many dealers of one human agencies" in existence. which were set very late in Septemberor potash. Mr. Pabor speaks of using
mind-to catch a bargain." Why is it that the officers of the October, or which were very small Simon Pure No. 2. This is a very
The growers are sure to grasp the Fruit and Vegetable Association do plants when set. There can be very good manure for general purposes, but
situation when it is made plain to them not come out at once and proclaim difference in the climate between I find that a manure made of entirely
that their pocket book will increase in themselves in favor of the system that those sections and here, fields whichare different ingredients answers far better
size when they, like the dealers, come will"in the end" produce the best results vigorous and healthy and which for pineapple. I am having madea
to be of one mind in a united effort for ? Perhaps that is the reason fail, from having' been planted late, to special pineapple fertilizer, which is
the 'distribution of their crops. Such why the Association has not pro- bear a fair crop the second spring the outcome of considerable experi-
distribution can easily be carried out gressed faster. They should issue always make up for it with us by ment and experience, which I have
by the Fruit and Vegetable Associa- circulars and keep an "ad" in all the putting on considerable fall and winter. been using for years with slight altera-
tion. Their powers will neither be papers stating that their agencies are fruit and a fair crop the third year. tions yearly. It will answer better
superhuman,nor their vision any more I established, and by that system alone I There is certainly a difference be- for the winter application than the Si-
acute than any business man of expe- do they propose marketing the crops i tween the soil in the Avon Park sec- mon Pure or any other commercial
rience and sound judgment. Then would the question arise, tions and our spruce and hickory fertilizer I know of, and will last.for
Armour, the meat shipper, has not would the grower continue to "scat ridges, but I have always supposed it months, and its effects can be seen for
such powers of vision as you mention, ter their pearls before swine" or invest would be rather an advantage in favorof eighteen months, as I have found by
but he has undoubtedly good common their "talents" in a way (the F. F. & Pabor Lake and Avon Park. Our experiment.After .
sense, and has used it to the proper V. A.) that will quickly and surely sand is much coarser in grain and the fruit is gathered my planis
systimatizing of his business, one that gain them other "talents." looser in texture, and perhaps this to apply cotton seed meal before the
is far more precarious than the fruitsof The wise grower will ever keep as may affect the bearing of the plants, renewal of the slips.( Then blood and
Florida. Hang up a carcass of his his motto: "A rigidly systematizedand upon the principle that trees on very bone and tobacco later, and perhaps
meat in summer, expose it as you will regulated distribution of the crops dry and well drained land go more to kainit if pines do not make enough
though agencies will in the end yield fruit and fruit earlier while fibre and the
and as are the oranges of Florida, trees on growth, special complete
place a lot of oranges ten feet (from the the growers the highest returns." closer soil make more growth at first manure again in the winter.
meat and it will plainly show which i is The F. F. & V. A., must speak and run less to fruit. If that be the
the best keeping commodity. Why first. MORE ANON.New case probably the fruit will be larger THE GULF STREAM.
not place a box of lemons there also? York City. and heavier when it does come than Mr. Driscoll in the same issue raisesa
Will they not keep longer yet? ours to make up for the delay and question as to how the Gull Streamcan
Then give the cabbages, tomatoes During the winter of 1892 93 there because the extra size and strengthof tend to elevate the temperatureor
and onions a show as to what they were shipped from groves within a radius the plant development.I lessen danger of frost during a
can do, every one will distance the of eight miles of DeLand, taking in know, of nothing feasible whichcan norther. It is a well-known fact that
carcass of meat. Yet Armour does .. fifteen shipping stations, 320,000 be done to force a field to bear.A warm air rises. As the warm air rises
not auction his quickly spoiling meats, boxes of oranges, states the Record. very good plan however is to imi-- from the Gulf Stream to the eastwardof
then why should the growers auction From the same territory last season, tate or seek to emphasize the natural us it draws over the cold body of
their goods, which stand the hottest 1893.94, there were 550,000 boxes conditions which nature provides to heavier air lying to the westward and
sunshine for months and which can shipped. Close observers estimate that start the main crop at one time. Ceaseto prevents the still local frost by keep-
be seen long after picking, in the during the coming shipping season, fertilize and work in the fall and ing up a circulation of air. Of courseit
stores of the cities far away? 1894 95, there will be at least 700,000 let the plants harden and growth be- is of less influence in the heavy
Armour adopts the agency system boxes shipped from these fifteen sta come rather stagnated and then in northers which tear down upon us at
and gets rich. The fruit growers tions. This is all on the high pine January fertilize heavily and work a temperature below freezing as in '86,
have in the past adopted auction and section surrounding DeLand. frequently to force them, after a but we very seldom have winds at a
commission methods and have grown short rest, as the warm weather and sufficiently low temperature in this
poorer and pooer. Dr. George Bonavia finds that or- spring rains force them after< the cool latitude to damage vegetables while
What a contrast! Does it not anges have a power rarely, but slightly, dry weather of December and Janu. they are blowing. It is the still quiet
teach you a lesson, growers? possessed by other fruits, of absorbing ary which has tended to check the night after the wind subsides generally:
If the Fruit Exchange composed of odors from the atmosphere, and that growth of leaf. when the frost settles in the low pro-
growers, can raise and sell their fruits the blood orange seems *to possess If we could arrange our rainfall to tected places and the damage is done.
certainly the growers formed into a this power in a greater degree than suit our ideas we could probably con- Here the saving influence of the Gulf
co-operative association are equally other varieties. This has reference to trol the fruiting of our pines. If we Stream is felt in keeping up the circulation -
competent to distribute and sell their the pulp particularly, and not to the could take a field of well developed of air and also warming the
crops through their established agen rind merely. Blood oranges confinedin plants and treat them with a two or temperature by the return current of
cies. It will, as you say, certainly a room with onions for ten days three months' drouth and cool weather warm air which flows back overheadto
make the commission men buyers, and will have the taste of onions.FloridaFacts. with total neglect and then flood replace the cold which has been
if they do not want to pay the association them with rain and warm sun and drawn out to sea.
price, they cannot club together >-.-. manure them for fruit, we could undoubtedly t .
to lower the price as has been doneat The first train from Jacksonvilledown force a pretty full crop.
auction sales of Florida fruits, for the East Coast after the storm But as this plan is not at present feasible Not Enough Fertilizer.
the agent will inform the retailers of had eleven passenger cars and over we must abandcn it until the Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.W. .
the fruit, where they can obtain it. five hundred possengers. Many were scientists who are bombarding the E. Pabor's queries in the FARMER -
The establishing of agencies is a unable to secure seating accommodations. sky in Russia and Kansas have com- AND FRUIT GROWER of Oct. 13
very simple matter, there.being. plenty .-Juno Sun. pleted the siege and the spirits of the are. very pertinent and should be ot

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ii r4Y.




LOCtfHART LITTLE, President. J. E. STILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.


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t" ( : Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. ,
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:, .. November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. ., "
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.-....(!.". LITTLE BROS.: LITTLE BROS. .,"; ?.

.:;" Orange Planters True Value Number One ::;::
"Orange Planters True Value Number Three: ,

Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.

We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. Pamphlets -

and nrices furnished on annlication.vital .

interest to all persons interestedin fed high enough. The plants look
as would be
change in flavor and
Grove Orchard.ThinShelled any ;
,Avon Park if f .
township. they ought to fruit, but the necessary found not the least change. After
.Having visited Mr. Pabor's plantations fertility of soil is not thpre. being three old the
years kernel ,was
and ,being also familiar with the Mr. Wm. King, who is the pioneerin Pecans. just as sweet as when first pulled from

growth and general :condition of Mr. pine culture at Avon Park, has a Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. the tree: And that is one sure, point
Bester's and Mr. WiJkin onts plantation small bed in his house lot which has In my grove of several hundred in favor of pecans. You are not Worried

I venture a partial reply. been heavily manured with. stable pecan: trees, I have never seen: the for fear of the nuts not keeping,
First. The great majority of the manure and some fertilizer. He has nuts eaten by worms. I never knew but can store them,away,in a dry place
slips that have come to Avon Park had some very good apples but we do before that there were worms that and not sell until the market suits you.
and Pabor Lake have been very small not know what proportion has fruited. "bore into the shell and eat the ker- In planting a grove I do not.
and'very much dried up, and hence Another neighbor, Mr. Edmiston, nel" as "J. W. A." of Texas tells us "plant the nut by all means, in preference -
made a slow start. who knows what high culture is and in his article on the pecan in your is- I to transplanting young' treVs."

Second. Fertilization has'been deferred strives to practice it, acknowledges I sue of October 6th. I never knew or 'Much, very much depends on circumstances -
,,from three to six or more weeks, I that he does not fertilize his pines as heard befv re that the paper shell vari and ,a yearling pecan tree,
and then they received too little. highly as he ought.I eties were more liable to destructionby with good entire root
Third., The winter of and ; properly:
1892 have watched Mr. Russell making than the thick shell
worms var- planted, will do just as well and be as
93 was so severe that the plants received his beds for his pines and I noted that ieties. sure of producing a. bearing tree 'as

a check from which they were they appeared to be entirely made From long years of experience with one from the nut. .
slow to recover. Mr. Russell, of Or- soil and quite as good in quality as pecan culture and the handling of In many places in Florida, and'I';
lando, says that his crop of fruit was the borders made in England and the many hundred bushels of nuts, I expect the South generally, rats; squirrels
later and smaller for the same reason, North for hot house graperies. It is have to first in the
yet see my worm etc., are very bad on the nuts,
and his are covered- with slats. difficult to get Mr. Russell to say much nut, or a kernel that had been both and many nuts are lost by their dig
We have not heard from Mr. Russell about his methods but we have no I ered in the least by a worm. It is ging them up; and right there fits i in
.! in regard to his crop this year, but doubt that the fertility that he puts to true that birds sometimes peck holesin the yearling tree and makes it prefer-
we very much doubt if the effect of each plant costs him more than five the nut, eat some of the kernel and able to the nut. But whether the nutor
the, cold of '92 and '93 extended to cents before it is three months old. then leave it for the ants to finish. tree be used, be sure not to get

this year. Now, if this is anywhere near a j just There is a worm that girdles the thick shell nuts. The future demand
Now: if there: i is one thing that has approximation, how can Mr. Pabor limbs, and also a worm that eats the will be for the thin shell variety en-

prevented these three plantations=: from or any other man expect a good pineapple leaves, but neither are serious enemiesas tirely, and Florida,produces the thin-
fruiting it is lack,of high culture. Of (for only a good pineapple will both can be prevented by destroy est shell pecan, with the most delicious -
the three places Mr. Bester's i is on the pay a profit), if the fertilization costs ing all caterpillar nests. kernel, that can be found' in
poorest land-it should be called third less than a cent to a plant? The thin shelled pecan (paper shell, America. ARTHUR BROWN.
class pine land. Mr. Wilkinson's is a Now, reasoning from analogy, we so called) is as far superior to the thick Bagdad, Fla.
shade better, and Mr. Pabor's a fair do not see how any one can expect a shell pecan as the small cob corn is to ..
quality of second.class pine. greater weight of pineapple from an the thick cob corn. In raising either An Autumn Formula Again.

Right alongside of Mr. Bester's acre than of oranges from an acre. It pecans or corn we want the meat and Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
pinery he has a,, fine lot of bananashJich has been proven that an acre of full not the hull and cob. I have seen I notice in October 6th issue of

have fruited heavily. The soil bearing oranges can profitably utilize pecans, 43 per pound, with absolutely the F. F. & F. G., subscriber has mis-
was poor, but he made it rich by lib from 4,000 to 5,000 pounds of first- not as much solid kernel as other pe- quoted the analysis of Forrester's Or-

eral applications of horse and cow class fertilizer. Now, if Mr. Pabor cans of 75 per pound. It is a solid, ange tree fertilizer. It actually is, .
manure. He told me how much he and Mr. Wilkinson and Mr. Bester plump, and full kernel you want, and ammonia 4 per cent., available phos.

applied of fertilizer to his pineapples, will give their pines that amount every not a long, half dead, shriveled nut, acid, 6 per cent and potash 12 percent
and I remember,thinking st the time year they will get there. and the difference of weight shouldnot instead of potash 6 per cent. as
that, it would never, bring a decentcrop. We would like very much to have mislead the buyer. quoted.

I believe also ,that they lacked Dr. Inman, Winter Haven, and Mr. From my own experience I say that The Rothamstead experiments on

that "tickling' with a hoe" which" :Russell of Orlando, tell us how. little nuts will reproduce themselvess, i if heavy clay soil can hardly be used,
makes the 'Florida" lands to "smile fertilizer they dare use. planted in proper location. The thin comparatively with the light Florida

with a harvest. E. D. PUTNEY.Mt. shell pecan loves a warm climate, and soils and the assimilative and
Not however with Mr. Wilkin Dora, Fla. absorp--
so, the thick shell a cold climate. The tive power of dormant
son's' acre.lr.' Wilkinson worked thick shell pecan is simply a small plants in winter young different grain
faithfully and long, and deserved a M.LANDSCAPE. JlcLENN, whilst are very
hickory nut, the thin shell nut from that of well grown orange trees:
much better result. He has the neat entirely different i in looks, and delicate ,whose roots fill the ground and
est and cleanest acre in the whol e'' GARDENER.
flavor. The thick shell
grows continually taking in moisture to be
township.. I firmly believe the onlyreason wild like the hickory nut, but the'thi' ri evaporated through the leaves and!
he did not harvest severalthousand
shell is cultivated, and a great fruit that must be half
very as at least.
instead Parks, Cemeteries and Private Places laid out great
pines of few bu
a n- by contract or otherwise. No. 19, sth St.Spring improvement on the thick shell nut.I as the amount absorbed and evaporated -
dyed because the
was plants were not field Jacksonville. have kept pecans over to try if there in summer.


: '. ,-', ,,- ..



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-- --

..*.,iuv I' I. BC 3u< "O iv/tiOl-iL A IVITJJI In +.illS h. .w___-.1.1. &.v- Fences. Report of Assistant Pomologist for

--/ a higher plane of success than you Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: 1893.

were able to attain. It will equip him There are said to be two kinds of Mr. W. A. Taylor, U. S. Assistant

The KU1lownedge with all the armament of general fences. One is an oflense and one is Pomologist, makes a report, from

knowledge and specific informationthat a defense. It seems to me that most which we make some extracts. Under

has any young man, be he rich I of the picket fences are of the first I the head of new fruits "received he

Of the Whole World or poor, who takes up the battle of class, after the two recent hurricanes. thus describes Boone's Early
life In this generation, and It costs : .
Now Within Your Reach. yet Some recent writer in your paper describes 'Roundish to roundish oblate
and wire fence. He
a picket
c. with smooth skin
wish obtain to large, very ;
you library at
has not told us since the gales how
oil cells small: color rather-
Introductory rates write for an application depressed;
,..W blank to badly his fences are demoralized. I light orange. Peel medium to thin_ ,
.?/ J have a fence on the main road in
II .. tough ; tissue thin, tough ; seeds re**,
1 ; The Constitution front of the house, and during any angular, of medium size ; flesh rich

I, '" \ high wind I "possess my soul in pa- orange yellow, sometimes tinned with
Atlanta Georgia. tience that that fence is all at
.... right red, tender; very juicy, sprightly,
.:.\ least.I .
with of
sweet, a trace bitterness in the E
1- I set a row of posts at first then diga
afiY and of
4 '1.11 rag. Very early good quality ;
X10 small ditch on the outside of this promising market Tree
as a variety.
? .? tii Address! a postal card to KNCYCLOP 4 EDIA
BRITANICA, CITY," and the special: agent of line of posts and throw all the earth with
,i: a strong, vigorous grower large
The Constitution, who is in town for a day or
around and inside of the line of
two, will call on you.Nitrification posts. leaves and winged petioles. Originaltree
M X4it Then nail on the boards five inches grown from seed procured in or-

1 wlcl,1c is much slower in cold I wide, four inches apart on the lower anges bought from a foreign vessel in

( w 6A than in warm weather and in unworked part of the posts, then stretch four Tampa, about thirty years ago."

tuca compared with worked soil. It is a wires above The ditch makes a safe Under the head of wild fruits he

4Y,4, r p proven fact also that sulphate of ammonia guard against fire and helps to keep writes.as follows of the persimmon :
1 out the razor-backs. This fence is

TA, degree furnishes without conversion plant food to into some ni- proof against the hurricanes and the This, native fruit, Diospyros Virgtm-

((1 O F wire does not obstruct the view.If ana, is so widely distributed over the
tiNl tf trates.It
southern of the United
portions States
our next legislature could rise to
A, is something of a mistake to sup-
that its abundance has no doubt
the level of the occasion and give us a
the the soil
pose potash applied to
fostered that which familiarity
chance to vote on a local option law, contempt -
will remain till is
vegetation ready to
breeds. But
I 111 J i ci' 1 RIt making a lawful fence to consist of one notwithstauding the
use low esteem in which it has been held
rail ,
iliR or board and three wires on posts
t greater part of the nitric acid
there indications that it will
are soon
used by plants is in the form of nitrateof not over eight feet apart, the lowest
11 tld Mill{ u d 1 wire or rail eighteen inches from the become a staple fruit and worthy of the

% r 1I R Jftf i1i potash, the proportion being aboutas ground and the highest four and one- attention of the market-grower. A
i NN1141'I four to ten, very little potash being wide variation in the season of ripen-
half feet high, I think it would be a
taken carbonate. The nitric '
I up as size and of the fruit
IJ J great help in many communities. ButI ing, quality and
acid of drainage water is mainly as
in the vigor and productiveness of.the
fear will be done until
we .
nitrates of lime potash soda and
trees has been observed, which makesit
the gradual adoption of a no-
magnesia, the base being elements es
fence law. a promising species for experimental -
tb i I.1""'. caping in these very soluble forms.If work. Several enterprising fruit
It seems to me that it is better that
there not enough nitrogen appliedto
have selected choice wild
growers varieties -
cattle should run at large in most
lit I t t as
form nitrates with
potash, lime,
for and few have
munities and the is health-
yet, country
t etc., in the fertilizer, the latter ele
marketed fruit i in considerable
ier from an occasional burning of the i already
1h'l ments naturally remain dormant and .
the best varieties
woods than it would be it all vegetation quantities. Among
do not leach. E. S. HUBBARD.
thus far named and introduced the
1Q Nt11Ri 1 11+ rotted on the ground. At all are
J Federal Point, Fla.
,', Kemper from Tennessee Early Golden
; events I never wish to see any large

The Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder sized "rough," that is, patch unburnedfor (from Illinois (mentioned in reportof

Most Perfect Made. a number of years, near me. There the Pomologist for 1891 under'the incorrect

Encyclopaedia wou d be so many coons, opossums, name Alton), and the Marion

Britannica Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: wildcats, foxes, etc., bred in such a"rough" and Golden Gem described below.

Referring to my recent communication ] that I should have to say goodbye Golden Gem (R. L. Martin, Borden,

Stands highest in the world of booksas is all the phosphoric acid' in dis to poultry for profit. Still thereare Ind.,)-Roundish or slightly'oblong,

well In physical proportions as' In solved bone black available? a great many who do not and will medium to large in size; color, ,dark

Its literary worth. In its entirety It You quote the Massachusetts Ex- not believe this until taught by experience. orange to red; seeds few ; flesh soft,

contains 250,000 subjects,22,000 pages, perimental station as giving an aver When fire did start in such a'' very sweet and rich; free trom astrin-

or about 850 pages to each volume; age of 28 per cent. I have receivedan "rough" it would not stop for fields or gency even if picked before fully ripe.

10,64 Illustrations, exclusive of maps analysis of 17 per cent. available orange groves. M. CHESEBRO. Commences to ripen about the.last of
and plans, of which' there are '671, Plummers, Fla. August and continues till October.
phosphoric acid, and as it is from a
more than one-thir4 of them colored manufacturer of fertilizer I assume This variety was brought,to notice by

maps. It Is the most. gigantic as'wellas Girdling Grapes.It Mr. Logan Martin of Borden, Ind.,
that not all of the phosphoric acid is
the most highly esteemed literary available. SUBSCRIBER. has become quite a practice in who found the original tree on his
work that the brain of
man ever aceomplished. farm thirty-five He has
Alachua: Co, the grape.growing regions to girdlethe years ago.
of its
Fifty-two articleson
1 P. S. A friend writes "in ordinarysoils grapes, as both their size and propagated from this by budding, and
special,subjects have been, adoptedas
textbooks in there is little reversion of phosphoric earliness of maturity are greatly increased now has more than 300 trees, includ
the colleges of the
world. Immediately acid." I do not quote him as by this operation. But not ing the top-worked wild and young
upon Its publication
Harvard College sent to its projectors an authority, but his idea accords with always so. There are some varieties trees growing in the nursery.He .

and had printed! the article on your statement in the last FRUIT that are greatly injured by this pro- reports that the persimmon pays

Architecture, which Is contained In GROWER. "It is our belief Florida. cess. These are the red grapes. The him better than any other fruit. The

Volume'1 of this work, and from the rock is suffering under an unjust prej- i Delaware is rendered so sour by gird. trees bear annual crops, and the fruit

textbook thus formed the students udice., ling as to be uneatable.It finds ready market in Chicago and

studied the technicalities of building. Practically all the phosphoric acid is claimed that the black grapesare Indianapolis at $i to $1.50 per twelve-

This Is the Encyclopaedia-this Is the in dissolved bone or dissolved bone improved by the process but the pint case, shipped by express. Some

mine of Information which THE ATLANTA black is ,Available, the amount whichis public does not seem to concur in this cases have sold as high as $2. ,Mr.
CONSTITUTION now offers not available is very small-say'one belief. The first shipments of Con- Martin estimates the yield of a well.

you at percent. cords this season were found to be so grown tree at fifteen to* twenty-five

Ten Cents The amount of nitrogen which poor as to prejudice the market againstthe gallons per annum and the average

should be given in the autumn formula fruit and to injure the sale of the price at 75 cents a gallon.

A ..Day. is contingent on circumstances.If fine grapes which arrived later. It is t-.-"*-

the trees are in a very strong and to be hoped that,growers have learned Mr. F. A. Lane will put in two or
With this In.your possession you will full-fed condition they will need less. their lesson and will not again jeop- three acres.of' Irish potatoes, and'sev-

have the Information of the whole If they are 'weak and depleted, with ardize,the market by shipping sour, enty-five acres of tobacco at Mr: B. B.Gregorys .

world within your reach. Besides, their leaves small and fox.eared, they unripe fruit. Quality should be the place at Caloosa.-Ft. Myers
will have secured
you a means by will require more. first consideration.Post.Dispatch. Press.
tli ....use..of which. YOUR CHILD

, :'-. ., ..'.,..
5 ;'. '. .' e,' >i:.',__ .' ..:, ;; ', ,d., -, : ;. ;, .,.."',,-.- ",\:. :.f.- ':', ;--. "
'" :' ,' ::

-.. --a- ...f.---. ..S.., '










----.- 44 \




U. Low Prices. Quick Shipments. 'Vrite for Circular. Z',I.. '.
\ \

Farmer j$ Trucker four to six inches above the surface once of it in large proportions ,
seemsto ture about
an and
and a
.............. ....... The made soil should from be four well to pulverized five feet wide.and be a necessity.In long They "web up" for pupation quarter
many sections of the South in the leaves of the
Sowing Alfalfa. melons
: slightly raised in or
the center if the bed where there is absence any;
an of lime
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: is in the If in other plant convenient to them. The*
open. protected by shading the
soil it should be
I think that alfalfa will succeed upon of old bags or something similar i it We have been supplied. moths into which they develop have,:
to advantage
any Florida land can be made see any wings of a pearly iridescent whiteness '
provided the seed, level. We advise that in the -;
after sowing, is kept sufficiently moistto all seed beds be protected as we are seed where the practice is of sowing except a narrow black ,border,,
germinate. The plant to stand and measure, when extended, an inch;.
temperature at this subject to heavy beating rains that will When
time is just right, and upon low lands often wash seed out of the soil before tap root transplanting should be the tip of the across. Their legs and bodies, presented -:
there can be no doubt about it grow germination or in case of the hot sun fibrous pinched to encourage the same glistening whiteness,'
ing if the land is root growth, and i in and the abdomen terminated in '
smoothly prepared. coming out immediately after rain the a curious -.
every the stem should
On higher ground I should be set: .movable tuft of white appendages .
make a young seedlings are often killed by in: to the leaves. -
point of well ; up None of the like feathers of a buff color .
firming the soil after calding. The seed should be sown stem should be pretty ,
sowing by rolling, if possible, in orderto thinly in drills which should be from i Hastings, in Florida exposed Ruralist.-H. G. tipped with white and black.In .
retain moisture. I am about to sow three to four inches apart, allowing "Field and Forest," I, July, '
six.acres. to alfalfa, but the land is too room for working the soil slightly un --...-- 1875, the statement is made on anthor-,
wet to plow for til the Dr. Price's Cream ity of a correspondent from Indian
a day or two, and I plants are sufficient size to Baking Powder ;
shall use two bushels of seed broadcast transplant. Cover seed (in sandy World's Pair Highest Medal and Diploma. River, Florida, that a small worm had.
with two tons of commercial fer soil) from one-half to three fourths of t 1 attacked his cucumbers, "first the bud,

tilizer. RICHARD DALE.St. an inch deep, firming the soil after Melon Borers. then working into the plant, and;
Augustine, Fla. covering. If there be not sufficientrain eventually killing them out root and ,
Mr. Dale in the bed most authoritative accounts of branch, so that the crop was entirely.
reply to numerous in should be watered. Thin these insects that *
quiries, sends us an address from sowing of seed will be found advan that of Prof. we have are-first, destroyed." The moths from these
which alfalfa seed be it Riley in his Second Mis were identified by Mr. C. R.. Dodge,
may procured. tageous as gives the seedlings betterchance souri .
Report, 1870 where he
We'hope to secure an advertisement for development. figures of Washington, as PJiakellura hyalin- .
from the party. Meantime subscribers and describes Phakellura (Eudioptis) stalls _._
may forward letters to us, postage- SOIL AND PREPARATION. of nitidalis the (Cramer), giving" it the name In the Country Gentlemen for July
"pickle-worm, from its feeding 23, 1885, in reply to .
prepaid, and we will send them on to The best soil for an inquiry from
rich abundantly
a on cucumbers in
the seedsman. Missouri, Tennessee, of a borer, "pale in
sandy loam similar to the richest Illinois, Michigan\ and other ;
.... "hammock" Southern color, nearly an inch and a half:, in
lands of Florida. Any States, and being frequently found length, slightly tapering," that bores
Planting; Cabbage. sandy land if sufficiently manured will 1 within them after being pickled. It into the cantaloupes when about two

Cabbage is, as a rule, planted too produce good crops of cabbage. This had also been recorded in Florida, in i weeks old, causing them to decay I
early in Florida. Hundreds of poundsof vegetable is, we believe, the rankest I the squash in July. According to identified the insect as
cabbage seed is lost every September. feeder of all. Two tons of high -gradecommercial I Prof. Riley, "it does not devour the Phakellura nitidalis, and gave probably
The effect of heat and cold o in fertilizers is none too foliage, but seems to confine itself to account of the species. In the
the germination of some kinds of much per acre for cabbage or cauli the fruit." journal for same
vegetables Sept. 1886
30 a corre-
is but little flower. All successful gardeners The second of the
understood by> apply two accounts referred spondent from Crozet, Albemarle
planters generally. Cabbage, cauliflower i- much more manure than can be> to is that of the "melon worm," County, Va., describes the larva which p

beets, onions and radish all possibly taken up by the crop. This Phakellura hyalinatalis (Linn.), givenby l is destroying his muskmelons, as fol- .
germinate freely in a temperature less excessive manuring is not a waste as Prof. J. H. Comstock when ento- lows: "When from one-fourth to ;
than sixty degrees and the higher the it seems to insure almost perfectheading mologist of the U. S. Department of half inch long, they are of a whitish one-

average temperature over that the and much larger heads, also Agriculture at Washington in 1879, color, dotted transversely with blackish
smaller will be the per cent. of germination i- uniformity. A good crop of cow peas and published in the report of the spots, and the head of a dull-
and the'weaker the plants, and is one of the greatest helps to successful $ Commissioner of Agriculture for 1880 brownish color. When to
grown a
the difficulty in overcoming this weakness cabbage crops. pp. 218, 220. An excellent figure: little less than an -inch, their color
,is often Of the four fertilizing elementsthat is of the
more than the plants are presented moth. This notice: changes-in white meated
worth. This explains the apparent we have to usually supply in the consists mainly of a communicationfrom < light green, in yellew-fleshed melons varietiesto to a

failure of seed to germinate when the South the proportion per 1,000 poundsof J. E. Willet of Macon, to a darker green,.and
spots giving
temperature is high. fresh cabbage is as follows : and narrates the operation of the caterpillar way to lines of more or less intense

Dr. Oemler in his work on Southern Nitrogen..2.4 pounds which appeared more frequently green color. The head is armed with

Gardening states that he has often I Potash..6.3 poundsLime to excavate shallow cavities stout jaws,. and becomes more or less t

sewed several pounds of good cabbage ......... ................3-1 poundsPhosphoric in the melon than to penetrate them 'dark brown."
seed without getting a single plant. Acid..2.4 pounds to any great depth. He briefly d eThe insect above described, was "'
PREPARATION scribes them as of a "light yellowishgreen .also identified ,
BED. I by me as the "musk-
Although takes
cabbage but little
The beds should be raised from> nitrogen from the soil color, nearly translucent, witha melon-worm," Phak. nitidalis, and remarks -
yet the few scattered '
pre and when ma-' made. on its habits, distribution,

... .

.. -::>.:;'..:'; .
4' .''''''y





. and its literature. It has quite an extended and only there, it would seem that entire flock will consist of notl.ii,>:;; but which I believe had something to do

range,as, according to Gueneein tbe injuries of the borer may be prevented -.layers.A with it. One hen had stolen a nest

This good layer has a small head, a far from the house in a sweet potato
( 1854)), it occurs in "Brazil, Cay- by destroying the eggs.
neck and back and a wedge- patch, where she reared the young
enne, Columbia and Central America could be done by going over long

." fields, if not too large, and, lifting shaped body. The eyes are bright ones, which all kept healthy.I .

It would appear from the limited each melon, rub the surface where the and the comb and wattles are of a remember that a few years ago

red. She is energetic and active one of my customers at Orange Park
literature accessible, that Eudioptishyalinatalis eggs are deposited (if on the under bright a
would be starting at sound or mo- i told me that he spread the mothers
(fiyalinata of Linnaeus) is side only, the operation every

more especially a southern insect. I simplified) with a gloved hand, crushing tion with an elastic spring.A with their young chicks all over his

usually lays that farm, on clean ground, more than a
have examples my collection from the eggs Preparatory to resortingto good layer eggs

Texas. It also has been taken in this method, the time of the earli- will hatch well; the very fact that she hundred yards from his buildings and

Michigan, is not uncommon in New est appearance of the moth should be is a good layer shows that she is in a they all kept healthy.I .

Jersey, and a single example has been noted, and the length of time that the healthy condition, the consequence : hope sincerely that Dr. Clu'c will ,
that the number of the detail some capable man to find out |
captured in Canada. I have no egg.laying continues. Going over the being greater |
will be fertile and the chicks the cause of these dreadful diseases. ij
knowledge of its occurence in the melons once a week should suffice to eggs
State of New York. E. niditalis is reach all of the eggs.-Country Gen- strong and vigorous.

probably the one so destructive, to tleman. A hen is a profit until she is three Nicolas, Fla.Live.

melons in the Southern States. years old ; after that the number of

In view of their serious injuries as eggs annually decreases, and she Stock.An {

reported to muskmelon crop, it is Poultry.Edited should not be kept longer unless she

important that the habits of the two is a world-beater and perfectly healthy.

species shall be carefully studied The The hens that moult early shouldbe Improved Tether for Stock.
by s. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. FRDIT-OROWER :
retained in preference to those that EDITOR FARMER AND
manner of feeding of the young cater- -
moult late they will come into profit In one of your last issues there are
pillars, if definitely ascertained, may As the editor has seen fit to place ; how tether the
earlier in winter when are at a methods given to cow
furnish the'means for their destruc eggs
head of this
at the depart
my name and I would
tion before shall have inflicted good price. properly safely. suggesta
they ment I think it best to make a few remarks -
brood much better which I have had
losses melon We Hens that hatch and a way,
heavy growers. of introduction. Prob-
by way make winter layers The rest in use for several years.
method which good
know of practical by
no most of the
I not unknown
ably am the of leather round the
for Use
incubation fits them strap
be from burrow- they get
they can of this contrib-
readers having
paper, better work when they start again.- horns with an iron ring attached, to
into melons and spoiling them for
ing uted a few articles in the past.I I
chain of such
I which fasten
Farm Stock and Home. a
sale when the time for this attack has
realize that task is not an
my easy think suitable-
length as you may
But if they commence their -
come. and therefore I beg the assistanceof
one, Dr. Price's Cream. Baking Powder eight or ten feet is usually long enoughthe
life and continue it for awhile, by
all readers oi the poultry column to
Award. other end of the chain fasten
World's Fair Highest -
feeding on the leaves of the plants, assist in making this departmentone
me ) s 4 with a snap to a swivel with two eyes
then there should be no difficulty in
of the most interesting in the
pa Sorehead and Warts. (such as are called by the trade the
destroying them in this stage by spraying per, and we can do it if we only try. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: lariat swivel.) Then procure fifty or

the plants with Paris green or Let every Jover of poultry, both for I have noticed in your issue of the 100 feet of No. S galvanized wire, slip

London purple in water. the fancy and utility, tell his experience nth of September, what Mr. Ams- one end through the lower link of the

Prof. Riley states, as has been quoted in these columns. Tell us what den said about the visit of Mr. A. W. swivel, then fasten to each end of the ..

of E. nitidalis, that "it does not of poultry you have had, what the of
variety Bitting to inquire into cause wire an iron pin about eighteen inches.
the Of F. hyalinatalis -
devour foliage.
you are breeding now, which you like warts and sorehead on young poultry. in length, drive one of them down to
of Field and
a correspondent best for eggs or for both eggs and ta When Mr. A. states that at least 50 the head where you want it with a
Forest records that"the worms eat the
ble. Let us know your experience in per cent. of all the chicks hatched In maul or lightwood knot, then go to
buds and into the Of the
.. plants. combatting the pests and diseases pe Florida die from the one or the otherof the other end and pull the wire taut

same species we find in "Insect Life, culiar to this State, etc. In fact, let these diseases, he does "state it before driving the pin.

III, 1891, p. 337, that "it was very us try to make this department prac- mildly," as 75 per cent. would be This method will allow your cow or

destructive the past season to squash tical. I don't pretend to know it all; nearer the mark. I have lost this horse to have a range to feed the entire

and cucumber vines and cashaws in fact, my experience in Florida is season already over one hundred val length of the wire, and from fifteen -

(cashew nut?;, also destroying their limited and there are hundreds in the lot of
uable chicks, and have still a to twenty feet in width, with no
It be found that there
foliage. may same position. So you see we can sick risk of in
ones.I possible being any way en-
and that the ...
broods of each
are views
another -
with the teach one by telling our have kept fancy poultry here in tan; "d. The swivel will slip readilyalonb
first feeding on
commence and experiences. Therefore let me appoint Florida over twenty years, and have the wire as the animal feeds

leaves. If this can be ascertained, you a committee of one to writean had to battle with sorehead or warts from end to end of it. A. R.

then the remedy should be a simpleone article at your earliest convenience.Now nearly every year, without being able I Orange Grove Miss.Twentyseven .

viz., poisoning the first brood of don't put it off too long ; delaysare to find out what causes it. As far as .

caterpillars by the application of dangerous ; you are apt to forgetit sorehead is concerned, I think I did head of extra fine

some of the arsenites. and we don't wish any one to miss find out the cause, and that is, worms. beef cattle were driven through townon

Of the specimens sent me with the opportunity to assist the inexperi- I remembered that when little children their way to Punta Rassa for shipment ,

the notes of inquiry from North and and another.S. West Tuesday morn-
enced poulterer, one got sore eyes, the cause was generally to Key on
South Carolina, the former (alcoholic) S. DELANOY. found to be worms, so I cut ing. The cattle were very gentle andit
appear to me to belong to E. ltyalina one of the dead chicks and could at once be seen from their'

talis-I hope to be able to decide upon open that they were not from
i Selecting Winter Layers. found the entrails thickly filled with appearance
them very soon. One of the other I the wild They came from
I feeding ranges.
threadlike worms. was
and it is long
with ,
Defects increase ,
Pendleton S. C. age
two examples-from stock farm at
F. A. Hendry's
at that time beef scraps in pro- Capt.
of all objectionable
out soon after its reception, best to dispose
-gave Ft. and the Key Westers
fowls and after stoppingto Thompson,
E. nitidalis. Excellent figures of each members of the flock early in the sea- fusion to my will themselves on hay'
feed meat did not have a singlecase congratulate
moths from which son. Do not keep any chickens that ,
of these they may of sorehead for ten years. Last ing secured some choice heef. -Trop
be readily identified, are to be foundin appear stunted they always degradethe animal ical News.
commenced feeding
"Inse ts Injurious to Fruits," by appearance of a flock, and when year food and this .
it is meal the soft ,
fowl has been stunted not among
William sunders. once a Calhoun News
of sorehead A writer in the
I had several cases
Since the above war written, Mr. worth the keeping. Disease, or a ten- season states that fifty years ago the town of

W. D. Houghteling of Asheville, N. dency to disease, is hereditary. again.As the warts I have tried almost St. Joseph, on the Florida coast, had
to ,
C **in reply to an inquiry made if Discard all hens that show a ten- inhabitants and a large busi-
still loss to
but am at a 15,000
retain those everything,
borers dency to lay on fat, and
there were not two operatingon what it. This season they ness was done over the railroad then
his melons, states as follows : that under proper feeding will con- say chicks running there, twenty trains daily
in brooder
a among
There is but one, and this, I haveno vert the food into eggs instead of fat. appeared all each mainly: loaded with cotton.
six weeks old. They nearly way
flock the food over
of the convert
doubt proceeds from an laid If part killed the town andtrade
egg died and for some time after I kept But yellow fever
outside of the melon into fat instead of eggs, the profit the
on the by a in flocks with the rails were taken up.and. the
miller. I have discovered the cater- layers might give is eaten up by the the young ones separate all road abandoned. But the remains of
No fowl should be retained their mothers, spread over my
pillars when only a quarter of an inch drones. Of six flocks of chicks, only it are in use for a county road and

long, but they soon get to be three- that does riot in some manner add to two place.became affected, while the others many of the old "stringers" are 'well

fourths of an inch or one inch in the profit of the flock. flocks that the preserved. It was said to. have been
two got
should be observed in escaped.
length. They are hearty feeders and Much care where ducklings the fifth or sixth railroad constructed.
warts were young
for breeding
selecting layers purposes
grow rapidly. used to soil the drinking water, in the United States.
and in a short time the
the melon year,
If the eggs are placed on every




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,-- ,
State News.; Our Rural Home. leaf comes nicely packed alternately, Awarded -

with the burlap or nature's weaving.
Highest Honors-World'* Pa
When you have the burlap free from
The cattle schooner Wave Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. stalks -DR
consigned St. Thomas Fla. trim to nice, clean edges and
to Cash & Curry, arrived from pack one piece on top of another with a

Punta Rassa this morning with a load 'Tis Woman that Mates thee weight; then, when you have your de

t of cattle. This is a God send to th World Go 'Round." sign cut in heavy brown paper, say a .

ir people of Key West, who have been photo frame lay with .
., The hand that rocks the cradle,once was burlap on edges
living on sea chickens, salt mullet,salt said to rule the world, just overlapping.Sew .

meats and what few fresh fish that put But things have changed-the ballot-box through all on sewing machine.

in an appearance.-Tropical News. has since been at us hurled; Don't ..
turn I
edges. find the
Now, what are we poor women to do who crazy CREAMBAKIN1I
During the past week Mr. A. McMahon do not want to vote? patch work pattern the most satisfactory

has shipped about one hundred And will the men insist that we should as I never get two pieces of bur-

bales of prepared Florida moss learn the laws by rote? lap same shape. It can be pressed

to New York. He has, over three The watch-word still is "woman," 'tis with a medium warm iron when pa- ,]

hundred bales in preparation for shipment woman leads the van- per is covered. When covered have

to Eastern and Western markets, The, great law-makers tremble, yes, every paste board same size-that on back of POWDER
all of which will be on the cars in a living man letter pads seems suitable-cover with

few days. Mr. McMahon will buy all Will'twill soon be be shorn given of his glory, to woman silk by tacking with a few stitches and
the moss delivered at his works. He And some of us will be as near as ever sew edges together with machine. MOST PERFECT MADE

says parties can make from $8 to $10a we'll get to heaven. The opening for photo can be left in I. A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. .....

week gathering moss, and yet hcan't e any design, and the pasteboard whole from Ammonia, Alum or any other adul ,
'Twill be the hand
that holds the vote 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
get half he could handle.Floridian. that rules this mundane sphere; at back even with the top not sewedso

The cradle has no rockers now-for they the photo can be slipped into place. -- -

The Florida Agricultural Colleg might interfere I For decorating the work I find pan orbitant. 11,has to be done by hand,

entered upon the year's work on October The that man babies must learn to love sing the songs sies done with the conch spawn foundon and mostly by men, and the postage

ad. The year opened most And he must make always the bread, and pies, our ocean beaches the most curious is 16 cents per lb. The l last I had

auspiciously. A large number of old and polish pan and stove. and consistent. A description of one prepared went through the hands 'of

students have returned. The senior, of my portieres given in first part of Our three men before I made it up. ,
and The babes-the dears, will miss us-but I; Work Table tells of I in
junior freshman classes are larger then we to vote spawn work. am hopes some day to ,see this
than ever before in the history of the To slay some cruel monster that has had i The other portiere is decorated withwhite burlap, or nature's cloth, made one of,

college and the'sub'' -freshman class i is us by the throat anomia shells in form of medal- Florida's industries..
.. __
the largest that entered.. For lo! these many years-and yet I inns There are nearlv a thousands r
___ ,. .. -
-I. 1 we've learned it shells drilled and Atlantic
{IUUC1 yiu ill* ic than 160 pupils had only now- sewed on the three Fla. Coral Beach Plantation.

enrolled.. The young women are be- But another query-don't forgetwho'sgoing different pieces of work. One of the -*-.-.
to hold the plow?
coming an important factor in collegelife. most taking samples of the burlap and[ The Law of Prenatal Influence.
More than forty-five women have This is the question we must solve before spawn works I made for last christ-
already entered for the I'll cast a vote; mas and mailed all over the Union The following cases carefully se-
present year. The man,henceforth,must cook the lected from well known
meals authors
for cents each from
Lake City Reporter.The and mend the 30 were booklets in i
children's coat, shape of wings with Victor prominent physicians and from my
While Hugo'spoem
growers of DeLand mean busi- we study up civil rights, on suffrage own practice will illustrate
and all that- on wings therein. I had most how the
ness as was demonstrated lately at a And make ourselves quite charming. in i flattering words of praise from recip prenatal influence may be taken ad-

meeting held by them at, which the our new election hat. ients, so will offer the same in this vantage of to better future genera-

situation was fully discussed and the But the fields article to those who would like tion.The
will run to weeds, I fear,, sampleof
opinion expressed that concentrated the gardens planted never, work. That price covers (for time case of Napoleon Bonaparte af:

action was essential to their continued And razor-backs and cattle take our and postage. There is such a varietyof fords an interesting illustration. His

prosperity.' They decided to discour- orange groves forever; pretty and useful things to be made natural inclination to war, while stilla
age'consignments as far as Then where will we poor women be, with mere child
possible, f from] the burlap that this article would I It was remarkable. The
and agreed to sell, and advised others all our boasted power, subject in his
be was ever mind he
When the work-hand "strikes" while too long were I to describe what was
to sell on the trees if possible, and if i at constantly talking of it and
the plow,and the house is out of flour? has come even to my notice. anxiously
,not possible, to send to the FloridaFruit looking forward to the time when he
Exchange. They concluded, When the hand that spanks the baby has Even the clippings of the burlap are could enter upon a military life. When
and the bringin' up to do, worth saving as. they make a nice
actually he
to sell their pledged themselves, not When the old spade's lying idle, and the springy stuffing for chair and ham was only a few years old he delighted .
oranges for less than a rust is on the hoe, mock cushions. in thunderstorms; he loved ,to

dollar per box on the trees.-Orlando This is the question that I put,and I want To make holder hear the peals of thunder and see the-r
a photo
Reporter.L. it answered now, patch a lightning. This
When lovely woman holds the vote, whose piece of paper with burlap as de tendency was so
B. Knox and T. C. Hacker strong that sometimes it was
imposslble .
I scribed above -
hand will hold the plow? the size desired-
came down from Moundgrove say to induce him to seek shelter dur
yester- -Minnie Gilmore :Mills. one inch longer and one inch wider
day. Mr. Knox said that last Monday than a cabinet photo-line it with ing a storm; instead, he would expose
while near his canal he 1 himself to the elements delighting in
saw a Palmetto Burlap Work.For paste board same size, covered with
genuine:cyclone form and north their fury. Although he. had four
go Our Rural Home: silk or crazy patch work in silk then
east into the sea. The clouds in the In complying with your suggestionto have another like it for the bottom brothers none of them ever displayed #

air were circling, around in such a gather around our Rural Homework and join with straps of ribbon on any fondness for war while young,

manner as to attract attention, and table, I would like to urge our three sides leaving straps long nor at any time marked military abil-
came closer to the enoughto ity. This remarkable ,'
then what Florida sisters in a new departure, reach so as to take in a pile of photos for war
appeared to be a black cloud arose that of above, and hereby give them say a dozen. The top can be is accounted for as follows: Napoleon's

from the earth to meet those in the some few directions. worked with the word "Photographs"in mother was surrounded with
upper air. When the union was made Time I scenes of battle skirmishes and
slips so very rapidly away bright silks to suit 'the ribbon.
it started off at a terrific pace, tearing. with us in Florida that I think this What makes a pretty design is four or i quick marches, during the month that

trees and branches in its way. It article will not be premature in gettingready five spawn pansies scattered over and preceeded his birth. She accompanied -

lifted from the earth and struck again some little souvenir articles for joined j as if in a cobweb. Ribbons her husband on horseback

near Favorita, where it is said to have the Christmas remembrances.One can be used to tie the photos in by upon military campaigns, and moreover -
broken even the palmetto in its of the most durable deeply interested herself in
way and vari i placing one on the top and one on the
and from there to the sea. It was able articles I find to work with, in a bottom. This design does nicely fora strategy and the arts of war. She

from 100 to ISO feet in width, and its raw state, is the burlap from the saw blotter by being supplied with a 'thus conferred upon her'son' a love of

roar could be heard for a long dis palmetto. It is rather difficult for a couple of sheets of blotting paper and: conquest, and a military genius before -
tance. Mr. Knox was thankful that which all Europe trembled for
woman to procure, as first the tied differently. I ,
he was not on the west side of Bulowand many years. ,
are chopped closely around the bud I Those sisters
who would like
also thinks those to try Robert Burns is
houses another
that were then the bud is chopped from the note-worthy
root t, the work and cannot get the material
near its path were lucky to have instance of remarkable
been tgenius imparted
about a foot from the end, according I will -
prepared send it
to them
outside of it. This is the post through
second affair to size of bud. The burlap or brown for prenatal influence.
a paid dollar
of its kind one per pound. That His mother
that of
we have heard of cloth-like stuffis seen and can be taken was cheerful disposi
on the east coast in about eighteen from ,the cabbage or heart one price seems over much, but anyone tion, though in humble ,and often
layer preparing a pound of
'ears.-Coast Gazette. burlap, which pinched circumstances. .
} after another. The foot stalk of the She had: an
goes a long will it is
way, say not ex- excellent memory for old songs and

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1. m __ '

: i.:'' transforms the rough article, into a in batter and fry on each ,side alight ACCLIMATED, -

Tbe tolerable: ,counterfeit the fine one, brown ; or make a dressing by -

--- but it' is at a price of long struggles soaking? ,, dry bread, chop, two or DEVON CATTLEAND
and bitter mortification alike to bus- three onions very fine, add a little *

I electric band and wife. It is'in the mother's sage or bay .leaf, or if you have not Y

-d | hand that the power is laid, ,and with the former a little parsley chopped BLACK ESSEX HOGS ,

her rests the responsibility ,she failsto fine.and, mix, adding salt, pepper _and, .
thrill ofhealth I : exercise it aright.-Germantown a little butter if you ,have it j make Are the best for the far South. .

I. Telegraph. into flat,cakes as you do 'mashed potatoes I ,,*- ,?.'
or sausage, and fry in hot lardor MILCH COWS. .', .,,,.y.y"

A Land of Widowers. drippings; serve quickly or 'they I Write for. Circulars: _.:''.{<' t

J | For Our Rural Home.Everybody will be heavy. LITTLE POLLY, ''.-.'..,;-
c is' never felt by those :who S5 is expecting an influx of .
Bainbridge Georgia.
Florida this 'winter
ti arc run dpwn-outof sorts-: EE immigration to Japan Clover For Lawns.
-' and properly enough many localitiesare '
poor in blood-badly hourS attention An interior exchange'describes' this IIGH?
calling to their special ESING WELL MAGHIHERYAII .
ished-dyspeptic. That EE advantages, and something is said clover as being probably the best I kinds of tool.. Eontoneort edrilierbyusingour

E would be impossible, ando =5 rom time to time of the many inducements growth for lawns, as'it is thrifty and I ical Ad: 'intlncprocesi Artesian Pumping. THE;cantakeacore.AMERICAN Rum to work PerfectedEconom WELLNOILES b? Steam.Airetc.Letushelpvu. ,-.

s the of Manatee: and neighboring makes. a good sward. It is said to Aurora lilt Ohk-ueo. 111.; Dalla. Tex.
delig"ht living Ss '
resemble somewhat the "rabbit c1overH'whatever
ss towns; have to offer to,settlers. There'is
is lost 1 !I = that may be. "The flower
r one however which I have not seen'
mentioned. It is our unusual proportion I opens early in the morning; closes up METAL

t Brown's! Iron Bitter of widowers of high standingand at 9 a. m.and opens again at 4 p. m., WHEELS

inviting homes .that should attra"cttQe and holds on all night."
t bringSweak people"'up to,the stan S5 attention of ladies It is true the Japan clover is thrifty for yourWAGON&
dard of health-feeds the blood-acts SS eligible single -
and makes a good 'sward in the summer -,
on the nerves-strengthens the, mus- = abroad. We have widowers in a
cles.) ,It brings the blush of youth to, 'EE5 great:variety of professions and call, but in cold weather it'dies down Any size you want 20 _
weary women's cheeks-is a boon to SS. ings, none old, and for the main part even to greater extent than Bermuda to 56 in.high. Tires 1 _
the Invalid-refreshes and to 8 wide-hubs to _
renews ss and therefore it can not be
life in the'aged-nourishes the weak, SS, decidedly good looking. It can fit any axle. Haves
recommended for lawns. It is Coat times in
an annual many
puny ,child-briefly said, it gives S5 hardly be expected that a state of a season to have set
t 'strength, and strength cannot exist !SS: affairs like this' will continue, indefi- propagating itself from year to of low wheels to fit
i without perfect health. It is a necessity SS nitely. And all can understand ,that year by the seed alone, and in the your grain wagon fodder for.manure hauling,._
in. every family. It does not SS first choice in such is of winter-at least in North, Florida-it bogs&0. No resetting of i
a case
injure flu teeth or,cause constipation. = great tires. Oatl'g free. Address
utterly ,out of sight. It is possi
think of homein
importance. Just to 'a EMPIRE MFG. CO.t ,
It's 1Brown's this land of flowers and sunshine, ,ble, however, that in South Florida, Qu1ncyj.UI., ,
: -- as compared with one in the bleak in warm and protected situations, it
55 North with other may survive the winter. But as,.a
even things equal. CHOICE ,. .' Iron
= But when we consider that these lawn grass it is not to be compared '
1 Bitters you need! 55 homes which are awaiting the advent i with the Louisiana grass. FRUIrS a:t:1d: FLO v ER8

4 '-- loving mistresses have for heads ... 1'Q1SOUTHERN "
The Genuine has' the Crossed SS ,
Red Lines, on Wrapper. SS- high officials, members of the learned Great damage was done to the pecan PLANTING.t

-- professions, large property holders, crop. ,The trees were stripped'oftheir
BROWN CHEMICAL Co., Baltimore,Md. SS Satsuma Orange, Hardy and Early. New ,
etc.,, who can doubt that blessingswill fruit, great limbs were blown off Japanese Plums, Peaches. Pears Roses, Camellias -'
iiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniballads rain upon the head of the one and many valuable trees seriously ir asking., &c at very low IL.prices.PI:}Catalogue U. ON. Prop.for thet-. ,-'
who takes the necessary steps to bring jured. The{ ground was covered with Monticello.Pla

and' she sang them constantly about the desired equilibrium ?' nuts, even at some distance fr m .
as' :she went about her household Northern papers please copy. where''trees stood. The'sidewalks d'

I duties. By the constant, exercise of W. E. D. yards were so thickly strewn 'that Jt

this order'of mental'faculties, she conferred Manatee. .... was impossible to walk without step
-- -
upon her eldest son a degree of .1 ping on them. The crop will not 1'a f e
ability which she herself did not posess. Left Over,Dishes. total ''loss, however, as' many of he .

.'The' Arena. For Our Rural Home. ,t. nuts were ready to drop. 'Many bushels -
'' -of ones came down all of
A good way .to use beef that is leftover I green .
Children's Manners. which will be lost. While
either boiled or roasted, is to entirely
The table manners'of children, says cut: in"slices,'not too thin, and stew many trees were badly broken we have >'_ :";;- ';'\.'''
Christine Terhune Herrick, cannot receive with potatoes and also onions, if theyare heard of none being blown down in ::-'< -;-: .:.T .::".

too close attention, and yet liked. Add a teaspoon of mixed I 'Milton, but at Bagdad, we' are in- ii,. '".3'

r they seldom have adequate care bestowed I spices, such as are used in 'pickles ; I formed, some were, completely up- "- :

upon them, The constant let boil until potatoes are, done, then rooted.-Milton Clarion.. TO ':',,
reproof and admonition required seem take them out and set where they will: ,;)

but a thankless task for many years. keep hot; have plenty of water on the STATE OF OHIO,,CITY OF TOLEDO, :
Boys and girfs manifest a terrible _ingenuity meat and thicken with ,a .tablespoonful LUCAS COUNTY. } ss* FARMERS
in acquiring awkward habits of browned flour. If you 'like FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath ,that
and unpleasant tricks and an equal sour,dishes you can, ;add, a 1 little 'vinegar he is the senior partner of the firm ofF

slowness in overcoming' them. Perpetual to suit the taste. See that you J. CHENEY & Co., doing businessin
"nagging"! is always painful, have added plenty ,of salt and serveas the City of Toledo, County and' A.1 TDTEAMSTERS

both to the giver and the object, but : quickly possible, else your'potatoes -, ,State aforesaid,,and that said firm will
the recompense' of grateful appreciation will not be good.: pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED

comes surely, though slowly. ;Perhaps all do not know that potatoes DOLLARS for each and every case

Some parents weary of, waiting for I boiled with the skins on and then of CATARRH that cannot be cured by

it and abandon their efforts at'training peeled and mashed, are much whiter! the use of HALL'S, CATARRH CURE. '
The above device, attached to traces, will '
To men nothing can make up, for and will also be more mealy. To add FRANK J. CHENEY., prevent ?. "
the lack this early'discipline. Women the white of an egg to potatoes while Sworn to before me and subscribedin ;
Shoulder Sores and
imitative and less will make them, this 6th of December :;:
more, transpa mashing, very light my presence, day -
i--- rent in imitation, may tutor, them and also add to their flavor.. [The A. D. 1886. Sweeney: on teams' 4

selves into a fair pretense of ease, buta same applies to the sweet potato, [SEAL] A. W. GLEASON, Caused by Rough

man rarely sufficiently overcomeshis which may be used in any way.Irish! Notary Public. and Rooty Roads.; ,
',self consciousness to feel otherwise or white potatoes are.:-Ed.: p.: R. ,H.] Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally -

than miserable in a circle. where he Dry bread can be used in :many and acts directly on the ,blood loads It will; will prevent save breakage horses baulking of whifBetrees starting harness -

knows that his habits and manner ways, as dry toast and as milk toast, and, mucous .surfaces of the system. and plows in new rooty and stumpy land, .
besides being merciful to faithful beasts. Prices,
mark him as of less outward refine- by scalding a little' milk and drop 'a Send for;testimonials, free. One-horse set, $t.oo; Two-horse set, $2.00. ,

ment than his associates: Once in a small' piece,of butter in. it, and afterit F. J. CHENEY_ & Co., Agentswanted.CASH Refer WITH to ORDER.editor of this paper. '
great while the wife of a man may boils add a pinch of salt, and pour Toledo, O. Address,
succeed in imparting a polish that over dry toast ; or dip the bread L3 Sold by Druggistsy5c.[ W. C.Starke I.ADD, Fla.

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or wholly deciduous ; eye small, open. word. Now, this buyer has had fifteen inherent vitality to'be able to exist and
t conical, quite large, closed, meetingthe oranges and lemons, and in his own The expenses at the upper end of \
RMER' eye; seeds numerous, broad, fruit has established a reputation for ; the line freight and commission-can .*|

pointed, large, nearly black ; flesh putting up his fruit in such a painstaking only be reduced by combination, and

white; crisp,tender, juicy ; flavor mild and attractive style that he had a that, too, by a combination powerful
f TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTIONFor subacid; quality good, particularlyfor standing offer for his fruit at 10 and 15 enough to control practically the en-
One Tear ..............................82.00 canning and Season cents box more than is ever paid on tire crop of the State because it is
preserving. a ,
For Six Months........................ ..... i.oo
In Foreign Countries ........................ 3.00 late fall and early winter in Southern general purchases. He knows of two illegal for common carriers to make
1- ; Subscriptions in all cases cash in Georgia. Tree said to be a healthy, of his neighbors who enjoy as good a' any rebates or concessions to one

advance. ,No discount allowed on one's thrifty, dwarfish grower. Originaltree reputation and get an extra price, be- agency or association and not to
own subscription(except in a club), but to received in a lot of Japanese pear cause of the care and attractiveness of another.
all agents a liberal cash commission will in is how about the home
stocks from California 1889. It their fruit packing. But expenses ?
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby
them. Write for terms. a promising variety for planting in the This buyer says that individual packing Some of them are manifestly'placed
To every new subscriber we will send, South where a later pear than the houses must be done away with too high. Even in Jacksonville dray-
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's' "Garden- Kieffer is desired. and occupied by large central packing age is only fifteen cents a load, and a
ing in Horioa. For two new subscribers 51 houses, so that a brand will be a pass load should be at least seven boxes, !
at $3.00 each, we will send, An Instructive Example. This is which would make about
of .Moore's port to; every buyer. buyer drayage two
postpaid, a copy "Orange
Culture." It is fashionable to denounce com- satisfied the era ,of perfect fruit pack- cents a box instead of five.

Rates of advertising on application. mission men as,a class,as dishonest and ing in Florida, ,as a business, has Box material and coopering can be
Remittances should be made by check, I ever striving to act dishonestly by scarcely commenced. With its general reduced somewhat by combination,
letter postal note. money order- or registered. I those who consign them produce. In inauguration will'come better re but not more than two or three cents,
to order of view of this, the following incident is suits. perhaps.

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER given, and the reader may judge who Home freight to depot, five cents, is

Jacksonville Fla. has been the victim : Lemons are in The Grower's Home Burdens.An probably as low as it can be placed.

demand. They are bringing a fair orange grower writes in the Or- Hauling, say two miles through deep

NOTICE price to growers-$1.50 to$2 at depot.A ange County Reporter as follows : sand,a man with one horse would haul
buyer needed a car load.. He heardof "Compare the net returns for the four loads, forty boxes, which would
If you receive a copy of this a lot at Lake Weir. He hurriedover crop the two years past with cost of give '$2 a day for wages of man and

paper which you did not order,' there, saw the seller and heard labor for picking and packing it: horse.
consider it invitation to sub- his story as to the fruit. The buyer Picking and packing ten cents Is
an Average price of sale per box....,... $1.50 ,
scribe. If you do not want it, said : "If they.are all you say I'll Freight...:.. $.57 an item over which there. would be
kindly hand it to a neighbor. take them at your price. Now let ..15 some dispute. A man who would
me examine them." He opened, the Box material and coopering .15 and boxes
pick pack only ten a day
Home freight to depot....... ... .
first box and found three decayed Picking;and packing................ .05 10 ought to do the job so well that the
CONTENTS. lemons and fruit not well sized ; ,sec Fertilizing..... ... ... ......';.... .13 would sell for box
$2.50 a
Labor in cultivation... .. ..... 02 oranges ,
MARKETING-Growers Must Be of One ond box, beauties, but two rotten Interest on investment and taxes... .02 instead of 150. Oranges which grossat
Mind........ ............................ 659 ones; third box russets; fourth box, Total average cost of i box....... 1.24 only $1 50 ought to be pickedand
THE PINERY-Mr. Pabor's Case ; Not mixed and poorly wrapped ; fifth box, Grower's net proceeds.. $ .26: packed at the rate of fifteen boxes.
Enough Fertilizer...... .............. 659
GIlOVB.um ORCHARD-Thin-Shelled Pecans; seven decayed ones. The buyer de- "The unskilled laborer gets ten cents day, or even more, if the machinery is
An Autumn Formula .....-............ 660 clined the,lot, though he knew whereto for thirty minutes' work, whereas the run by power.

Fences ant;Pomologist.Girdling Grapes. .. .;..Report........of...Assist-....'... 661FARMER. place them had the fruit been whatit grower bears all loss, sometimes the Paying; pickers by the box is not
AND TRUCKER-Sowing Alfalfa; was represented, says the Ocala correspondent entire crop 'and all these expenses the best remedy for high charges ; it
Planting Cabbage; Melon Borers. 662 of the TimesUnion.In .
added, and receives sixteen cents causes racing and.abuse of. the fruit.It .
POULTRY-Editorial Selecting winter
ers; Sorehead and Warts ................ 663 justice to, the settler, he was not more in net than the laborer. For is better to hire thoroughly competent -
LIVE STOCK-Improved Tether For Stock... 663 to.blame for 'his representations, as it 100 boxes the producer get $26, the men and pay them by the day or:
OUR RURAL HOME-Poetry; Palmetto Bur- was his first experience as a Florida laborer receives $10. Better far I Hour.
: to
lap Work; Law of Prenatal Influence.... 664
Children's Manner; A Land of Widowers; fruit grower, having come from Texas pick and'pack the fruit than produce' Fertilizing, thirteen cents a' box.

Lawns.Left-Over....Dishes........;..Japan..... Clover.........For.... 665 and bought a grove a year ago. This it. At five boxes to the tree and sixty
EDITORIAL New Southern ,Pear; An Instructive was,his first crop. He entrusted the I "The producer is the convenience' trees to the acre, this would bring the .1

Burdens.Example..........;.The.....Grower's.. .. .....Home...... 666 gathering A to men and,who were represented The and .servant of the laborer; and he expense up to $39.00 an acre, yield-
Markets; ,Notes; Florida Lemons............ 667 ,as i judges packers. buyer well knows it. For'during the'gathering ing 300 boxes. This would buy a
Farming in the Netherlands., ....i........ 669 I said the seller looked puzzled and season there is no lack of laborers.So ton of fertilizer and give 33 pounds to
Weather and Crops...00.......... ........... 670 much downcast at the result of the profitable is this work that numbers the tree. Probably if 50 pounds .-
examination. He made an honest come from Georgia and Alabama, went to the tree the product would '
Weather in Jacksonville. confession and asked the buyer what remain till the season is past, and return be 500 boxes to the acre and the cost "

1... to,Qq. "Why, get a good packer and home with more money made in per box would be reduced several
a.. II.bI: 1:1': -Si Pss 0DATB. : stand 'over him and see that he does three months than they realize from cents. There is a fertilizing for maintain -
3 .s a g, "
00 BJ 00 P. 53 '" :t Pt}e_ his work right. After some dicker. their, farms the remaining nine monthsof an ce, and there is a fertilizing .lor. *

........ - 7 ing, the buyer agreed to take the fruitat the year."Compare. profit, and the last ten or fifteen
Oct. 9. 73 69 74 6g
Oct. 10 ....:... 67 71 81 66 IS 72 74 o.oo 37 the price named per box, but i it had the cost of picking and pounds'tell the, story.
Oct. II......... 62 68 58 68 to be under the
77 repacked
19 o.oo buyer's supervision -
with that of other Labor two box
Oct. 12........ 73 72 81 63 18 72 0.00 packing oranges cents. $6 an acre,
........ in the of the seller.
Oct. 13. 68 72 82 62. 20 72 0.00 presence crops, say cotton: $60 for ten acres. This pays a man
Oct. 14. ...... 63 63 73 61 12 67 0.00 The boxes of lemons in
300 repack- number of boxes and horse for he
Oct. 15.--00 ... 59 65 73 53 20 63 0.00 Average picked by one thirty days. Surely
- ing a-d resorting, shrunk 42 boxes and hand, 40 per day at 5 cents per box..... $2 00 should be able
Mean ..... .... .... 77 62 16 70.37 in Average number pounds cotton picked to go over ten acres,
Total rainfall. cost $25 money to correct the imperfect per day. 150, average price 6aJ cents with the modern improved implements,
E. R. DEUAIN, Observer. and dishonest work. The seller percwt.. '.93)i in two days. What kind of a grove is

learned a lesson that will be worth $ 06U it that needs fifteen cultivations a year?
thousands of dollars to his fruit business "This is more than 100 per cent Three cultivations a year are enoughfor
A New Southern Pear-The Ma I if,he will only heed it. Supposethe above the cotton 'picker, who labors a bearing grove, and with liberal, ;'
nolia. seller had consigned his fruit to a twelve hours in the day much harder, allowance for hand work around the

The U. S. Assistant Pomologist, in commission man in the North and said I and far more exposed to wet, heat and trees, there :would still be a wide mar-.
his recent report, describes as followsa commission man ,had made a report' cold than the orange picker: and packer gin left on the $60.
new pear sent out, by the Jennings such' as the buyer showed up, what who labors ten hours a day. The .-*-<
Nursery Company, of Thomasville, would have' been the reputation the data of estimate for each is liberal- The Orange City Times states that

Ga.: seller would have given the commis- what they make. The matter to decide Mayor W. C. Cannons owns 19 or-
Broad to roundish pyriform ; largeto sion man? is, whether or not Florida's industries aggregating
ange groves, 19734 acres,
very large; surface smooth, yellowish The buyer related two other cases pay 100 per cent. more than all of them in good condition. >
russet, tinged with red and brown similar to the one given, with aboutlike cotton or other products, and hence -*...- .
in the sun and greenish on the shady experience, only the last two cases justify the prices now allowed. The The stockmen of Peace River met

side; dots numerous, irregular, large, would have proven that the sellers experience of orange growers is, they and passed.strong resolutions in favorof
light russet; cavity small, nearly were the dishonest men, instead of the do not." I enforcing the fence law. They resolved : -
round, shallow; stem medium, rather commission men, if their statements This is a sorry showing for Florida's : "That we pledge ourselves

stout; basin large, round, rather deep, had been taken for the truth and the chief agricultural industry, and goesto together with our: means for the pro-
Tegular,. funnel-shaped; ,calyx nearly fruit bought and accepted at their show that it must possess great tection of each other's stock."


.' ,... ,: -.' ... ..f '... :. ./: .l-: ,_ ,
; : : '- : ;: ; :: "
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e ,

r rI r-, ..

J "', I _., .
: 1 w. .' ., 'n" < ; r l .. : : ." '" .
<. < ,

t. 667. .

flarkets. Jacksonville, Oct. 17.-During the past

, week we have sold fruit in Jacksonvilleas JOHN CLARK SON &: CO. '.
'"'- high as,, 1.75. Telegrams from our ,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Oct. 19. J agents with the report report sales that at it from all shows 2.25 ,to considerable 2.50, Grocers

FRUITS AND PKODUCE. < decay for green fruit. and Commission Merchants

: : These are Corrected by Marx Bros. Our home sales are more active, and 1
average quotations. Extra choice
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor we hope soon to sell all our receipts here. -
lots sell lower.Orangesfancy. Jacksonville. Fruit Auction Co. DEALERS
.... ................... z.oo T. R. Towns 'Ii 4
! ....... .. PresidentS
choice ... ..: ... 1.50 Coal >
.". drops......................... i.oo Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors
.,el onsF1a., .... .H. .............. i.oo "
Messina............ ...._.-. 3-00 Fruit Exchange Bulletin. Cigars Tobacco "
Pineapples, crate .... ..........3.50104.00 Etc. f! ij
Limes,3-peckcrates ... ..:.....1..... 1.00 Jacksonville, ., .17-Following our :. .
Cocoanuts.... ....*...... ............. 400 custom of past seasons we have not issued -_' J., 3-, !
Peanuts best brand..... ............. .04to.05 ]market reports earlier to y'd: a.. ."'"
Guavas,3-peck box ................... 50 to 75 j owing there be .' .. _.,:. ;;
.... .. ing no market established to this time .i':" .;
Japan Persimmons,crate .... .. 50 to 1.o up .' .
Pears,bbl, Kieffer....... ............. 3>' for Florida oranges. With this, our first ', :0c.:.-i..t"' I"''M'lMANONGAHE&A .'. .
G rapes.Catawba,5 baskets... ... ;3? bulletin I .we.desire to impress the ',:.i'.J.:' '. :. ".;.",- -",t",<" .
Northern cabbage,each .............. .09 upon PRICE-LISTOFWHISKIES: '/'...:: Y.: '
t apples, bbl..............'...3.00103.50 growers the fact that at all times we ;RYE......:...... ........ :;{
;;, beets, bbl................... 2.50 'strive to give information that is in PARKER................. ..... ..... .....$i 50 CABINET BOURBON..;. .............. /...$6 oo:
03', Potatoes, ........, ............ 2.60 Nova Scotia potatoes 5 bbls.-.-.......... 2.so SPRING VALLEY........ ................. 2 oo VIRGINIA GLADES....................,?.. 4 00
Onions,. bbl ..... ..................,... 2.50 I ]market reports for the mere purpose of BALTIMORE CORN.........:.... ......' 2 so OLD BOURBON........... ........ ...:.. 500
Eggs,..........._........ _._ ..._. .21 'influencing shipments, but with a viewof NORTH CAROLINA CORN........!:..-...... 2 00 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH............:;... 5 oo
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. \ placing all growers in a position to CLIFTON CLUB........................... ''3 250 oo OLD BAKER.. ... ............ ...500, .
MONfROSE VELVET RYE.................. 600
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. J judge as to whether it is advisable to ships
r Yellow Yams, bush....u... .......!! 'their fruit or hold for better markets. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon '
; Sweet Potatoes, new............i..... .50 The money order, check or registered letter. We soc; three gallon. 750. Remit by post-office.
Hubbard squash,.bbl.... .............. 2.00 real value to be found in our reports A price-list cannot ship C. O. D. ,Remit with order.
Lettuce, doz.,.. o..................'.... .30 is not the'information giving the complete of Groceries, and Wine List,,sent free on application.
Celery. Kalamazoo................ .. ao; to.So highest, lowest,or average prices
) ........ ..... prevail-
EggPlants, bbl ... to
2.00 JOHN
"' 1.50
Tomatoes, crates ..... :!...........:!.. 3.00 ; ing at.the.time. .of issue.. ,but. that- part of our CLARK. SON & CO.
Sweet Pepper, bu .................. J.oo 'reports- wnicn from time to time auvises
Okra, bu........... 'oO ............. 2.00 light shipments, heavy shipments THOS. R. TOWNS
Cowpeas,shelled,peck. ............. .50 i discontinuance or a President. CEO. M. CHAPIN,
Green Beans, crate.... ........ .... 2.00 of shipments is, in our Secretary.
Peas, none................. ... (opinion of greatest value to the growers. ESTABz.ISHEI> 1890.,
Turnips,bunch.....:... .............. .03 to .06 It must be borne in mind that the tele-
Pumpkins, each....................... .0510 .15 graphic and other Jacksonville Fruit Auction
Parsley,per d JZ. bunches ............. 20 to .25 information received CO ;
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches......... .25 to.30 by the Exchange from day to day is com- .. ,,
Green onions, per doz. bunches.....:. .20 to.25 plete and of the most reliable character FRUIT UCTI0NEERS
qt Pepper,hot, bushel, .............:.... .60 therefore ,
Sage, well cured lb....................... .10 to .15 we are at all times in position
Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none ........ to advise our people whether it will pay LIBERAL Office
Henb....... ......e................... ..35 to ship or hold their fruit. ADVANCES : P. S.-Our
Roosters........................... have .
Broilers...-.............-....... .... .25 to.30.30 Oranges been moving since about MADE ON Oft Company does .
t Turkeys, per pound,gross.......:.... .12 the middle of September; at present ALL FRUIT Viadact Business only
t. Ducks...................... ........... .35 something like ten thousand boxes. SHIPPED US. ,
., Geese..._.............................. .5 day are leaving the State. Prices per to under theabove
up We can help you. Write us. JACKSONVILLE.
date show quite a wide range, from 50c name.;

,} Fruit and Vegetable Shipments. up to $3.12}. The fruit is of course green Jacksonville Fruit Auction CO. .
and we hardly look for a ::settled market ,
During the past week.12,754 boxes of before November: 1. Fair sized fruit, well THOJ9.: R. ':rO'VNS. _' .
oranges and 96 packages'oC' vegetables :' .1
packed and showing color
good will meet
have left Florida by steamer on the At- ,
ready sale if

lantic,. .side. ..,..besides. considerable. shipments- -- shipped now. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. "
nom mo lanatee region to Mobile.
The Clyde Line has carried out about We have been sending fruit to Liver .

10,000 boxes of oranges since the opening pool since Sept. 13. Such as arrived in An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
of the season. During the past week sound condition sold for very satisfactory BOX MATERIAL-The best advantage.-AUTHORZED! CAPITAL $ro>.(0) .

about 5,000 boxes of oranges, 8,000 balesof prices. We regret to report, however, order. Write for price list and Exchange terms. is fully prepared to supply boxes -and paper on

Texas cotton, and 350 bags of wool. that most of the first lots were badly de- -: OFFICERS .
' :-
Manager A. M. Ives, of the Exchange, cayed, some showing as high as ninety GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
estimates that there are from 5,000 to per cent'decay. We give results as'per; DIRECTORS-Geo.:ALBERT M.'IVES R.Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. TURNER, Secretary.

10,000 boxes a day leaving the State by cables as follows: &! Hillsboro Co.; John. Fabyan Fairbanks, Lake Co.,;Alachua Hy Crutche Co.; E.Orange G. Hill Co.Bradford D. Greenleaf Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt

all routes, largely destined to the western Sept. 26. Sale one to nine. Averaged5s. B. M. Baer. Duval Co. A. Brady Brevard Co.: F. d. Sampson: ;Marion Co. ; c., Duval V.Hillyer Co.,;
markets. In.very bad order. Low price fault Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. 'E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. Moreman St. .
Johns Co. C. F. A. .
; Blelby 01
of fruit not market. : usia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
Addressall correspondence to the Florida Fruit .
} Oct. 3. Sale to nineteen. with full packing and Fla. Stencils,
Market Notes. n_, one Averaged shipping instructions furnished on application.BURNETT .

The orange growers of Florida have 08.Oct.
8. Lowest two.
Highest 21.
shown good sense this season, at least so nine
Average shillings. Stencils
478 and BROS.
far as the Jacksonville
market is
concerned -
167 bad order.
t by not ,
it with
overloading storm
Oct. 9. Lowest
fruit. A good have written 10; highest 21; aver-:
many asking age 15s. BROS. 159 South liter-St., Chicago, ',
t there was demand but I ;
f fused they have any not urged, the fruit on ref an Oct. 12. Lowest, 3; highest, 13; average I FRUITS DEALERS IN FRUITS. f ". -
6s. in
'unwilling market. Oranges very bad order. .
Oct. 17. Demand good at sixteen We respectfully solicit of Fruits .
The lemon people seem to have the shil- CHICAGO- shipments and Vegetables: :..:
We .
i lings. are now making a specialtyof. .
lesson ye to learn that the ,
orange growers Lemons=Reports show the outlook
have already '
Jacksonville ORANGES
r is not a good market for poor fruit.- for lemons improving, recent sales ranged ,
1.60 to 3.40 box.Ve
The behavior of the fruit, even before per recommend and invite correspondence Markets
on and
shipments but rough lemons Prospects.
the two tropical storms has been rusty are
i Some has carried well ,and erratic. i. not desirable, and it is doub ful if they We reliable
brought the would realize charges. want agents at principal shipping points.
r highest prices; other shipments have

simply turned out worthless. The Florida S References, by permission:-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,

i Fruit Exchange has received as highas New York Markets. the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trost Co.

21s.((5.25)) for some fruit in England, New York, October 15.Oranges still

and the Jacksonville Fruit Auction Company arrive sparingly and receive\ only a fair
as high as 3.16 net to the growers demand, but choice brights would com- OUR IMPROVED STEAM BOILER .
L in Florida. Then, again other
ship mand full prices'readily.. Lemons are
ments have not paid expenses. moving slowly at 1.50 to 2.50,occasionally Has many good points, adding greatly to convenience safety and durability. .-

I 2.75 to 3.00 for something fancy. Designed especially for

Jacksonville.Fruit Auction Co. Apples-The market has shown.no improvement Sawmills, Phosphate Work and Irrigation,

on apples., Receipts have
Those who.took our advice about ship been large, but have included a good But superior for all purposes. Write for particulars. Address, _

ping green fruit through us to our ripen many in transit for European markets. '.
ing rooms have received returns during Fancy'soft fall varieties and fancy Green FLORIDA IRON AND WOOD WORKS, :.

the past week which nets them 1.i 5 on ing have been wanted for table use and APOIPIC.A Pz.ORIDA. .1.,

the tree. \Ve are getting good prices for have ruled steady with occasionally sales Pin Sole Manufacturers of the Hege Emerson Sawmill, Emerson's Variable Feed Works, Dowel ;
Box Head Machines
Bolters, Edgers,Slat Saw Machines &c. "- '
all good fruit shipped us and will ,
con above quotations, but great bulk of the '
e tinue to for some time. For stencils and has been hard winter fruit NOTE-We have also fitted up with special reference to handling secondhand machinery. Six
supply of poor ((6))acres yards,large warerooms, good railroad facilities, with ample private tracks, and of ''
information, addressJacksonville quality, particularly the Up River receipts experience repainn,rebuilding and reselling all kinds of second-hand machinery. In buying years or
Fruit Auction Co. and for such there has been little selling.it is equally L important that you write us. Address as above or the manager; "

Thos. R. Towns, President. demand, holders forcing it off for what Please mention F.and F. G.r J. w. Ii1lrfhtl9o2 .

... ... l .... ., ;. .,M! <, .- -- '. .-.'. .,'. _:.'-.' .. -''''' '. '. "'" h. .. .
t .' -. ", F r ., ..t" .. '" ;

t. "

.. .

-, .
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.H,f qi- W. '
., ,
: .

, "
j'y. ,.. .
: -
, ""

, 668 '_ __ .,'-'". :-- ,rr. .- THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. -


it would bring, and consequently outside TAINT cracks. It often costs more to ,
quotations are very extreme and only realized ] ,prepare

.s proportion for strictly has been fine fruit very; of small.which King the I a house for repainting that has been painted in this first Pt Ii ,

d-h, barrel, 2.00 to 2.50. -*" place with cheap ready-mixed paints-, than it would to have ; -

Pines are in light supply})} and demand painted it twice with strictly pure white l lead, ground in pure linseed oil, ...,.-:
ranging from 5.00 to 12.00 per 100 for sugar ,
loaf. Cocoanuts are firm and in fair aoLt N E 2 ,..r
demand at 45.00 to 48.00 for San ,Bias. Strictly Pure White Lead

Jamacia oranges are firm'arid prices range
for original barrels 6.00 to 0.25. Lemons
show slow market with, prices steady: forms a permanent base for repainting and'J? yer has ,to,be burned or

Good shipping stock is in limited.supply. scraped off on, account of scaling 'or cracking.' It is always smooth '

Fancy 360s 1.871 360s to bring 2.50;2.87J fancy to 300s 3.374, 3.75; 'choice to 4.75, and clean. To be sure of getting strictly pure white- lead,:purchaseany SHORTEST, QUICKEST!

and choice 300s, 3.75 to 3.30. Some fancy of the following brands : r"
lemons range up to 5.50. ANCHOR (Cincinnati). "RED SEAL" (St. Louis).
Potatoes-The receipts of domestic "ECKSTEIN" (Cincinnati). KENTUCKY (Louisville). ,MOST ATTRACTIVEROUTE
have continued large and with only a "SOUTHERN"(St.'Louis and Chicago). "ATLANTIC" ,(New York). :
moderate demand'stock has accumulatedand .!COLLIER (St.,Louis): "J WErT" (New York). i

market1 is weak: .and irregular.Strictly FOR COLORS.-National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead Tinting Colors, a one-pound can to t
,choice are held at the low prices 25-p und keg of Lead,.and mix your own paints. Saves time and annoyance in matching shades,
and ,insures the best paint that it is possible to put on'wood.
now, ruling, but anything or Send us a postal Card and get our book"on paints and color-card, free; it will" probablysave
poor urged for sale at every opportunityand you a good many dollars. BETWEEN
) prices for such,are very low and ir- Nashville : ''NATIONAL LEAD CO., New York. '
regular. State potatoes range from 1.25 99 m.:. & ,03 Broad FLORIDA
to 1.50, rarely higher for choice, and Jer-
sey offerings sell from 1.00 to 1.50 some :THE: > :BEST FERTILIZERS: AND THE NORTH

being very p or. The 508 bags 'ScotchNagnurnin
: by the City! of Rome cleaned: THE
up.slowly at 1.80tO.1.85 per sack and further PURE BONE BASISAre

shipments are in transit. Manufactured by the ,FLORIDA CENTRAL AND
Sweet potatoes have arrived freely and

market sold,mainly is"weak at 1.00 and to low.1.12,Virginia but 1.25 have has L. Darling Fertilizer Co. .,. PENINSULARVIA +

been realized for best marks at the close. ,
Jersey sweets in freejsupply arid tnoy'ingslowly ,

at ranges quoted. LAKE CI TV MACON ATLANTATO
Vegetables.-Choice white onions have OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. ,

been in modera{ ,supply ;and firm at unchanged .
Kainit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poultry
onions We also carry in stock Potash. Nitrate Soda,
have sold prices slowly,but reaan'd at' ,irregular yellow figures. ,"Snlphur,Cottonseed- Meal Tobacco Stems' Land Plaster and Ashes. Nashville, St. Louis and ChicagoWith

Cabbage in. small supply but demand is SOUTHERN OFFICE AND WAR>!HOUSE AT JACRSONVILLE, FLA. but one change of sleepers'connects "

moderate and poor stock very,dull and Rear of 26,West Bay St.', on river front; midway between'Main and Laura Sts. also CITY.at Atlanta The Florida for NEW Central YORK.and<
weak. Cauliflower has arrived freely and Send for Pocket Memoranda Itook. nearly TOO. miles of track running:through
!sOc to $1.25 general range until Friday, the
advanced to 75c to $1.75 Tobacco Jtegions. '
when market ;
and Section,
1 Stock farming Dairy
extra fancy arid very common has ranged "Busy Bee" Washer Peach and Strawberry ands,
above and below quotations all the wi-ek. Orange Banana and Pineapple Country. ,
in fair supply and drawing at low """ Fun easy and does perfect work. No rubbing necessary. Warrantedfor Phosphate.Belt. "
Celery five and money refunded if not entirely satisfactory Fits Has the Silver Spring and
and irregular figures. Eg'? plant) mostly any tub. Just;the machine tor ladies who are not v.ry strong. Thousands : Other fine Scenery.
attention. Lima of ladies who used to hire their washing done now pave that .
poor and receiving little expense by using the"BUSY BEE. ACENTS WANTED. The Great Hunting Country
i .
beans in light supply and firm for choicc.. Exclusive territory Agents make$100 to$200 a month.::Lady Reaches. the Noted fishing Grounds.Has .
beans neglected and 'agents very successfuL Fanners and their wives make 8200 to the best lands for tillage;greatest vari-
Southern string $400 during the winter.One farmer Missouri sold 600. Price 85."Sample, ety of soils in the State,and above,all
hardly worth expenses, and peas also do i" (full)where we have no agent,only ft. We refer to our P.M. ;For
to warrant shipments, terms to agents,address LAKE: ERIE MFG. CO.carePlorida; warner Runs over the Central RIdgreland(
not bring enough
and Healthy.
Where it Is High ,
and Fruit-Grower,Jacksonville I ,'Fla.
in :
unless: quality is very fancy. Peppers Prosperous towns fill its route and It offers
I heavy sUDulv'and, weak ,at the. extreme the best freight facilities for any produce to
low figures quoted. Squash slow. Tomatoes P. Ruhlman & Co. say: Florida'lem crate Muscats\ brought 75c to 1.25; Winter the Northern markets. Send ,for the popularsong '
,dragging heavily unless ripe and Nelis whole boxes 90c to 1.50 "
; ons"are beginning move more freely. pears, "MY FLORIDA HOME."
choice( .i ii Fancy are selling at 3.50; choice, 3.00. Beurre Clairgeaux,1.40 to 1.55;,Lawrence with its spirited words and beautiful music
Oranges are arriving too green to satisfythe 1.40; De Cornice 1.65 to 1.70; quinces 1.05 descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
Florida Lemons. trade. Best quality and sizes are to 1.15; a few Bartlett pears brought 2.25; which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof
selling-at'2.25"to""2.50::; decently ripened fancy Salway peaches 90 to 95c; while full sized best music ,containing hunting also
The situation as regards Florida lem- a picture of a home in Florida and a
bad it could possiblybe stock would sell rapidly. other grades brought from '60" to'S5c,: ; a scene. It,is mailed on receipt of 10 cents(in,
is as as
ons S few,'large Kelsey Japan plums sold at stamps,to pay expense of distributton.)
at this time. Never were prices so peaches from Bakersville Send also for the'best map of'-Florida(sent
low, and vet, the fruit keeps coming by Chicago, Oct. 13.-Apples, 2.00 to 3.00 2.20; Cling i free)and note the towns on its route.A. a
the carload and in the face of the fact for choice; lemons, 2.50 to 5.00; cabbage, brought a uniform price.of 55c;; while a .O.MACDONELL,G.P.A.Jacksonville Ffa.
that there is practically no demand. The home-grown, 1.30 to 2.50 per 100; cauli- car from Placerville, mostly strawberry ;:
sold from 65 to 90c
principal operators confess the demand flower, .75 to 1.00 per doz.: potatoes,bur- clings, ,
from town: and country is surprisinglysmall. banks, 60 to 63c.; hebrons, 55 to 60c.: BARNEET: BROS. The Florida Central &

The past.few'days disclosed sev- sweets, Jersey.. '2.25 to 2.35; Illinois, 1.00 -

eral cars fresh receipts, all of which must tol.25bbl. Boston,,Oct. 9-n. Harris,, & Co. sold Peninsular R. Co.
be stored awaiting an opportunity to at auction Jamaica oranges at 4.55 to 5.25 '
move, them. The comparatively high Cottonseed Meal has declined .50 to Florida lemons, 1.00 to 3.00. Offers to Shippers _
prices foreign lemons have been bringingin 1.00 per ton within two weeks. It is now
New York the' past week' contrasts quoted at 22.75 to 23.00 at Boston and I The Shortest ,and Quickest Route

strongly with' the situation here ,There New'York, with prices further west and Florida oranges are, moving northwardat BETWEEN
must be an adjusting of 'figures soon all south lower, according to'distance from
; the rate of fifteen car-loads per day. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN .
along.the line;-P. M. Kiely; in St. Louis the mills. Though lower than'a month Last week's prices ranged from 1.50 to ., WEST.With ,'
PostrDispatchi: : ago corn is still high, and buyers of feed 2.12 box THE' EAST AND .
will do well to pav some attention to the per Improved Ventilated Cars,this com-
claims of other kinds of stock-food. pany is better equipped than ever ever, to
Florida handle the Orange and Vegetable_Crops,and
Sgobel and Day say: Oranges: .
insure close connections and prompt despatch
We nave had several' sales this week' ,'and Fresh Figs meet with little favor in "- !. to, all Eastern and Western Markets.,
yesterday had 400 boxes from the Ex- the. Northern markets,-and the .taste of < Through cars to destination with-
change, bulk and best of thein going at the consuming public will require further ,. out change.or delay.
2.10-to 2.50 a box. Color naturally n
educating before 'any good 'trade can be Perishable freight followed by wire and
although some 'were partly' colored np. expected. Recent-shipments from Southern shippers advised time passing various Junc-
Cables from Liverpool report fruit arrived orchards ,sell in a small way at 8 to _':"t:,:::i.-.... .....:ii.I" .lfIU- w u tion. points and arrival at destination. .
there in good order on Wednesdayand All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -
15s. average were obtained, say 3.75per lOc. per qt. THE NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD adjusted.' '

box Manager Ives, of the! Exchange Auction Sales. falls into line With an order for thirty miles See that your goods: are markedvia
writes that probably not; over five 'per )f Page Fence to be put up at once,-'and a 1 F. C. &'P. R. R.

tent. of the coming'crop was bl \yn'from' Chicago, October 9-The following are ibis probability season.of This as much insures more the being liappiriess wanted of For information call on or address. the. undersigned -

the trees, an although some damage prices was undoubtedly done by thorning, the auction: Tokay grapes in full crates; ilso become customers, and thus the good W. n; TUCKER, Gen.A'g''t,.Orlando, Fla.
extent cannot be possibly i determined 1.86 to 2.25, while a lot of extra .fancy She work goes"on.whose Other-elasticity fences "just exists as,only good.In as G.I. HOLDEN,Trav. gt. Leesbu.rB'i'Fla.'
until later. :There will be undoubtedly packed by W. E.awrence'brought '3.55; the mind of the seller-stand no show with W. It.. IWLLER.Trav.-A'g.t..Tamp..t.la.:
enough Florida oranges to go around the i double crate Muscats\ ,sold. ,at 1.75, to 2.55!>! ;' the railroads. . Or N.. S. PENNINGTON.". Jacksonville Traffic Manager,Fla.
coming season. half crate Tokays 75c to 1.10,, while half AGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt

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: ('\: :







Farming: in the,Netherlands. trekhonden, the draft dogs of Belgiumand first do their share of 'the reaping, Dutch makes up for a great many of
;t Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: South Holland, where one may though, just the same as the men do, the peculiarities of the, country that
Farming in the Low Countries, see them on the highways and in the and there is no work on the farm they do not like.
Holland and Belgium, is an interesting streets of every village and city. They which is considered too hard for the Notwithstanding the appreciativeand
study. To one whose home is on'the seem to be a mongrel breed, with all women to do. profitable audiences I find here,
3 boundless prairies of the west, it is a sorts of strains noticeable among them. When the crops are harvested theyare from what I have seen of the Low
problem.. To know ,that a country, They draw those heavy little two- stored in the loft of the dwelling Countries, traveling from one end to
;S no larger than Maryland contains six wheeled wagons loaded with everything house. In Holland I have seen a the other, I have concluded that I
millions of people who, live chiefly by ; with milk, with vegetables, with number of barns. These are more prefer having my ranch in Kansas.It .
agriculture is interesting, but to, sees lumber, and sometimes one may see plentiful in the northern provinces, is true they never suffer from.
the little nooks and odd shaped corners two or three of these dogs rattling particularly in the cattle country of drouth here, for the seas, rivers and
of land that pass for farms in along over paved country roads with Friesland. Just now the foot-and- canals are higher than the farm lands,
Belgium is to doubt one's own eyes. three; or four persons in the cart behind i mouth disease is bad in Frieslsnd and and with ditches everywhere irrigation -
f The smallest farms lands of Continental them. They are in every way the other countries of Europe have is no trouble at all. There are
:Europe are.those of Belgium. As cheaper than horses, and I believedthis quarantined against it. The price of no fences here to be kept in repair
' one passes into Holland the farms may Flemish farmer when he said that Friesland milk cows has fallen from either, as the fields are divided by
be seen to increase in size until the with his two dogs he did not. need a $| T25 to $75 in consequence. As Fries ditches filled with water.
Dutch province of Friesland is reached horse. land cows are probably the best for The only fences are the dykes to
where cattle raising is the chief pursuit Such dogs, he said, would bring milk that part of Holland was long abutter keep the water back. These dykes,
There the flat grazing lands af- 60 francs each in the Sunday morning producing country. which are from one foot, to fifteen _
ford, plenty of range for the herds of dog market in Antwerp. In Zee- Twenty years ago the city of Leeu- feet high, made of dirt and about as
sleek black and white spotted butter- land, which forms that portion of !i warden was one of the biggest butter broad as a single track railroad dump!?,
., makers which are famous the world Holland with its low, sandy soil, lyingon markets of North Europe. Friday is stand between the farmer and the
over. In Belgium the"produce of both sides of the mouth of the the day for the big butter market at destruction of his fields ; in some
every farm is varied. A three cor river Schelde, dogs are not the only Leeuwarden. The time was when places, of his life. To cut one wouldbe
nered piece of land containing about draught animals which seem odd to over one-quarter million pounds was to flood the country, in some places
r two,acres and hemmed by ditches an American. There I have seen the average market day sales for ex. with. twelve feet of water. Canals. run
filled with water, is the size and situa- sheep and small cows driven betweenthe port alone. Now the amount of butter everywhere and the farm products aletaken
tion of a typical Belgian farm. As shafts of carts. Horses, however, exported does not )reach. one.fourth to market on the boats. At this
small.as it is, it will contain a patch are used more on the farms there than of that quantity. ,Danish butter on the season barges loaded with hay and
-; of wheat or rye and another of barley; in Belgium. The farms are larger, one side and Normandy butter on the cabbage may be seen in every 'direction -
another fair portion of it grows pota- but the soil is not the best except, for other have almost crowded the in Holland. The farmers of
potatoes. It seems particularly well Friesche butter out of the foreign market Belgium and Holland work harder
toes.A row of cabbage grows all aroundon adapted for that crop. Nearly all of because they are better. than they do in America because of
the sloping sides of the ditches the: potatoes sold in Antwerp and the The Frieslanders since then have the lack of labor-saving implements.
with a row of onions just inside, leaving larger cities of Belgium and Hollandare taken: to making more cheese. The They practice pinching economy all
i bare walking room between them grown in Zeeland. The favorite light colored cheese with cloves and the year around, and from the little
1 and the grain. The rest of the tillable variety is a small, round potato, witha seeds in'it is the peculiar productof two-acre farmers of Belgium to ,the
soil is planted with a great variety yellow tint when boiled. They are Friesland, with the Dutch name cattle growers of Friesland all lay"by
of vegetables, either for substantial dry and firm, with an excellent flavor. of nagelkaas. It is not so goodas a few cents, if not more, to steadily
E food for the farmer's own table or a' Many of these were exported to the more famous Edammerkaas.The increase the family savings.G. .
4 better,priced product for other men's i America last winter. What horsesare little round cheeses which are W. LILLIE,
tables.l For shade, ornament and used in Belgium, however, are painted red for the export trade andso Pawnee Bill."
profit, a row of fruit trees, mostly pear good ones. There are no finer draught well known in the United States as Amsterdam, Holland, Sept. 26.'
trees, ,surround his house. There are horses; no larger ones, and none that Edam cheese'are made by the farmersof 4
{ no yards or stable lots, because they draw heavier loads. They are no the province of North Holland. Stetson University opened on Wednesday -
are. not needed and besides every inch good, however, on soft ground, but They sell here for ten cents a poundor and, judging from the numberof .
of ground must produce. I have that does not interfere with their use- twice as much as the Friesland scholars already attendance; there
wondered how these little spots of fulness much, for all the roads and cheese with its black spices. A better will be more students this year, than i
ground could be made to furnish streets of Belgium are hard, chiefly cheese than either is also made in ever before. For the first two days
t enough to feed and clothe a farmer paved with brick or Belgian blocks. North Holland. It is more like N .w 175 scholars were registered, as against
and his family of seven or eight children One day last spring I had a load of York cheddar and is known as Hoi 140 for the first two days last year.:-
-they all seem to have large lumber brought into my show lot in landschekaas. It is shaped like a Coast Gazette.
families. I asked a farmer in Flanders I Antwerp. It was drawn by two big grindstone, about fourteen inches in
'how he could manage to support Belgian horses; when they got on to diameter and hour inches thick. In Bradley Redfield. Eugene D. Redfleld.. ,
himself with two acres of ground. "I the soft ground of the lot, which hap- Holland and B .Igium cheese takes the ESTABLISHED 1871. ,
had the same crop last year," he said, pened to be a little boggy just then on place of meat at breakfast. The rule
1 "and I had barley and onions and account of rain, they stopped. They of the countries, like others of Europe, REDFIELD & SON,
cabbage to sell after selling my early could not be made to move the wagon. is that nothing is made warm fc r Commission
vegetables. Then I had a few hogs, After the driver had given up trying, breakfast but coffee; and this rule has
some chickens and eggs to send to I had a span of American draught caused no end of trouble with the -
market." horses from my stables hitched to cowboys with my Wild West show.
T had,not thought of live stock on the wagon ; they walked off with it In Antwerp I had an American cookto Fruit Auctioneers
the place, but he showed me where he without any trouble. The reason of keep them in good hum r, but sinceI ,
t kept his hogs and chickens and eggs. this was, I suppose, that the Belgian have been touring Holland} I have 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa. .
In a back room, under the same square horses are accustomed to hard footing, had to dispense with the American We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
L tiled roof with himself, were six fine while my American horses were used boarding house for them and send either at private sale (which has heretofore been .
porkers. It was a clean and comfortable to every kind of roads, mostly bad them to hotels. our added custom to our) or business by the)as auction you may system desire.(recently.

place for them, too, notwithstanding ones.As In the first three or four cities my
.a score of chickens lived in the horses are used on but few Bel- contracting agents tried to find hotels DIAMOND BRAND
same room with them. I knew he did gian farms so are plows scarce articles that would prepare an America style
not have a horse. There was not t there. What plows are used are primitive breakfast. But he soon found that
room in the place for one of my little things, made of wood with an iron that was impossible, an absolute im CRIMSON CLOVER
bronchos, not to speak of the big Bel share for turning the soil. The American possibility. They have about gotten
1 gfan draft horses which pull the enor cultivator is of course unknown used to eating cheese for breakfast, AMERICAN GKOWJT, HARDY TYPE,
mously big trucks in Antwerp and either in Belgium or Holland. As to but I fear they will not quit kicking ACCLIMATED. '
Brussels. In"one'corner of this room, other improved farming implements, about it until I get back to America
which was his stable, two good sized there is no place for them. The spade, with them. It is not the rule of the The Highest Grade!' on the Market t:
dogs were chained to a kennel. They the hoe and the reaping hook are their country to serve a warm evening meal
were common looking enough, but as implements. They cut the grain in the either, and it is with great difficultythat ?4.oo per bushel in sacks f. o. b.Wyoming,, ,
dear to him, no doubt, as my horsesare same manner that the reapers did in I can find hotels that will furnish Del. Also a circulars few winter and oats,,'goc per .us>hel.>'
Descriptive furnished
t to me. They served him as horsesdo the fields of Boaz and the women still a warm supper for my company. application. JUST THE TIME samples TO SOW... *.on.
farmers,in America. These, then, follow.the example of Ruth. They {Cowboys are human, however, and '
I A. N. BROWN .',
Grower and Dealer
k were a couple of the famous Flemish glean the fields after the reapers. They the way they are lionized by the Wyoming, Kent Co._:t.Del.iM..;.>.
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e r
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WEATHER AND CROPS, erally is growing nicely. The indications VIOK'S NEW ENTERPRISE.Seed -WORD" COLUMN.

.. to-day point strongly to another cyclonic -
For Week'Ending October 15,1894.At disturbance south of Key West. House at Satsuxna. To insure insertion in this column, advertise-
ments must be accompanied by the money.
the close of last crop week a tropi- Last bulletin of the season.E. James Vick's Sons of Rochester,N. Y., have Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
cal hurricane was moving over Western R. DEJIAIN, Director. opened a branch seed house at Satsuma, Put- Postage Stamps received in payment.
Jacksonville, Fla., Oct. t6. IS94. nam county, Fla., and have appointed Dr. J. B.
f Florida,attended by rain and heavy galesof Henion of Satsuma, as general agent for the Count every word..including name and address..
wind throughout the northern part of South. Vick's seed house is one of the oldest,
Catching Shrimp. largest and mcst reliable of any in the United BEGGARWEED SEED-Large lot of new crop
the State and the coast but in the
on gulf .
States;and the name of Vick is sufficient guarantee a bushel; $1.00 a peck. W, A.
interior of the peninsula and over the The Charleston gourmet is now for their seeds; all orders south of North Bours & Co., Jacksonville, Fla. 10-20-4

southern part of the east coast section the joyously feasting daily on our own little Carolina should be addressed to Dr. J. B. Ht-n- FOR SALE 15,000 first-class one and two year
wind did not blow with nearly such ion, Satsuma, Fla. Orders by nuil or expressare of orange, lemon and grape fruit trees.G. .
dish, the shrimp. There is hardly a prepaid. Send to Dr. Henion for Vick's E. Campbell, Lake Weir. Fla. 10-20-4
force as it attained in the September cy Guide which is mailed free. A liberal discount
in the that does not have NURSERIES-Send at for .
family city ARLINGTON once
clone. After the storm had passed north- will be made on all large orders. Every known of everything adapted to
ward a season of bright, clear weather this dainty little crustacean served for variety of seeds plants, flowers vegetables and Florida. Elegant and costly prizes never before
stock will be furnished the lowest
followed, which was favorable for all breakfast in some shape or form. rates.nursery at offered by any nursery company. Established '
over twenty Address Robert G. Bidwell
farming operations.The When the dark shades of night drop Arlington Nurseries, Orlando, Fla., Box 147.
rainfall averaged above normal for over the harbor the hardy shrimp men' 10-20-4
the State; due to the heavy rains in Western The JERSEY GRADE COWS-Fresh and soon due
_ Florida and along the gulf coast be- man their little canoes, and with their Typical Wm. B. Schrader, Waverly Stock a

fore and during the storm, for in Eastern cast nets neatly arranged and readyto Farm, Tallahassee, Leon Co., Fla. 10-20-4

Florida the rainfall was below the nor- be thrown they make for the long, Tropical WANTED correspond. State amount with parties for sale having and

mal, except in the southeastern portion, dark shores of marsh which their Topic. s.< price expected. E. W. Edes, Whitman, Mass.
where heavy local rains occurred towards ? 10-20-2 ""
makes its feeding grounds. They Traveling
the'close of the week. The temperaturewas prey QH COLONIES OF BEES-In two-story Lang-
deficient, some stations reporting the have to wait silently and patiently on Take stroth hives, for sale at $;.so cash each.

about 4 below the of the marsh until a cer- Might shade price on whole lot. E. W.Varnum,
nor- edges The
daily average degrees 162 Bracket St., Portland. Me., or E. M. Storer,
mal, but the average deficiency for the tain time of the tide, when out come Tropical agent in charge, Hawks Park, Fla. 10-30-3 tr
State was less. Crops were. more or less
the in millions and the
shrimp out fly
MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing likeBowker's
the wind and rain in the sections -
damaged by
heavy nets and the work commences. Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
where the force of the storm was Line. ida last year. Hundreds testimonials. For

heaviest, but fortunately the field crops, The oarsmen pull or punt or paddle particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.

except nearly half the cotton and all the along the shore, and the man with the c'rrends -_io-i3-tf_

cane, had been harvested, and the principal net keeps his eyes and ears open for BROWN of LEGHORN the best.EGGS$i for for 13.HATCHING.R. Puddy,

orange growing counties did not experience i. the ripple and sound of the sportive Tideward Lawtey, Fla._IO'6-I3__ r=
the full force of the storm.
FOR SALE.-Bronze turkeys, black
As practically all the field crops except shrimp. As the shrimp moves throughthe Toward FOWlS Indian games, Pekin ducks and

cane and some cotton have been secured, water he is a beautiful sight. The The McNeil Fla. peas. Mrs. W. H. Mann, Mannville,

no more weekly crop bulletins will be most beautiful colors shine from his 10-6-4 t
Turbid for the sale of Fruit
Grape Copy- ;
issued until next March. To all correspondents long body, and his fan shaped tail HANDBILLS, 25 cents; 500, 90 cents; i.ooo,
who have reported so regularly stirs the and leaves Twisting $1.60, post included. Can be ordered from
during the season the thanks of the phosphorescence Tack -, Adolph Riedel, 1818 Collington AV., Baltimore,
Bureau and all who have been beenefitted behind him a subdued trail of fire. Md Better your returns; try it. 10-6-8

by the bulletins are due. We trust When the usual quantity is caughtand The COTTONSEED HULL on hand ASHES.-We at $3 r.oo have ton.a
all who have assisted in the work this the turning of the tide takes the Trackless Wilson & Toomer, The Fertilizer House of Fla.,

season will be able to co-operate with us shrimp to other spots, the shrimperspull Tarpon Time Jacksonville. 106.3

next year.Western. for the wharves to sell their RESPONSIBLE, Reliable Commission Mer-
District.-Rainfall excessive; Takes. Tempts N. Y-Batterson & Co.
temperature deficient. Pensacola reports spoil. Long before daybreak the ven- Test The I-29-tf

that during the hurricane on the 8th in- ders, men and women, are on hand A FINE lot of seedless grape fruit buds and a
The Tardy i few tahita limes, all on fruit stock.
stant the maximum velocity of the wind with their trays to get their morning's i Price very reasonable. S. M. Stephens, Lake-

was 68 miles, N. E. Many oranges were supply for their numerous customers. Tale To land, Fla. 9-29-10

blown from the trees and some of those The Tarry. FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
The number of these venders be
not thrown down were badly bruised and can North Carolina mountains. Owner must

thorned; in the vicinity of Apalachicola safely put at 300.-Charleston News Types Tax lire B. Clarkson in Florida., Jacksonville Wants good, Fla.orange grove..9-15-1 W.

all the are reported to and Courier. Tell Thou
nearly oranges ; 465 ACRES OF LAN FOR SALE-ioo have
have been blown down and many limbs Travel Thy been cleared. 20 in young orange trees.
broken on the trees. Crops remaining Sheriff Sale. W P. Wright, Drayton Island, St.Johns River,

ungathered were greatly injured; cotton TTNDKR and by: virtue of an execution issued out This Talent Florida. 9-15-8
that was open was either wholly destroyed U of the Circuit Court in and for Duval County, Typical To-day Q O,fl O 0) FINE.healthy pear trees. LeConte,
Garber and others. Sat- ,
Fourth. Judicial Circuit of Florida, on the 16th
or badly damaged. Sugar cane suma Oranges Figs. Peaches, Plums and Pecansat
day of August, 1892, in a certain cause therein Thoroughfare That
was blown down and greatly injured in pending. wherein the H. B. Claflin Company, a bottom prices. J. H. Girardeau, Monticello, t
places. Many cattle and hogs were corporation under the laws of the State of New Through Thrift Florida. 9-8 tf
drowned and some killed by falling tim- York, is plaintiff and Marcus Conaut is defend- FOR CUTAWAY HARROW prices, address E.
ant, I have levied upon the following described The Tend Hubbard, Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent.
ber. Most of the cane blown down can property, situate in Duval County, Florida, to- To IO-2I-tf -
be worked but cotton that was wit Truly
up, openis SALE lo-acre orange grove, at railroad
practically a total loss. Much timber The northeast part of lot one (i), in block onei Tropical Thee center. 3,000 two-year old seedling grape
( being fifty ((50)) feet on Ocean Street
) by
one fruit tree*, of excellent variety; height
and fences blown down. Mill average
many were hundred and five((105))feet on Washington Street. Territory. Tomorrow.The three feet;also one two-horse John Deere corn
dams and bridges washed away and The two water lots in front of lots one ((1)) and cultivator, for riding or walking; new. One
roads blocked by fallen trees. Our Craw- eight ((8)), in block two ((2)) being two hundred and two-horse Acme harrow, and one-horse rake.
fordville correspondent reports it to ha'ebeen ten ((210)) feet front on Ocean Street, running Any or all at half value. Address Box 27, Archer,
thence to the St. Johns River. The southwesthalf Thoughtful Fla.
the most violent storm since 1873. of lot one m in block two ((2)). Lot eight Tourist 9-1-4
Northern district.-Decided deficiency ((8)) in block two ((2)) Lot two ((2)) in block three UDARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney
((3)). Lot seventeen (i;) in block six ((6)). All of Thanks A Sicily Lemon.-Best orange and lemon
rainfall about normal but
temperature; which said lots are situated :in the town of May- grown. Write for catalogue J. H. Turnley,
poorly distributed; heavy in west, light port, County of Duval, Florida,and are numbered The "Excelsior Nurseries, Lake Weir, Fla. 8-11-13
In east portion. During the hurricane on according to the map or plan thereof.In ., FANCY PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Write to
the A. Gay Grant: bection forty ((40)) town- Terse .
L. Beeman, Orlando. Fla.
the 9th at Jacksonville the wind reachedthe
ship two ((2)), couth, range twenty-eight ((28)) east.
highest velocity ever recorded, 62 Lots eleven (n), twelve ((12)) and fourteen ((14)), Tutor FOR SALE.-16,000 orange, lemon and grape
miles from the southeast at 5.45 a. m. and the south part, containing twenty-five((25)) trees. Write for catalogue and prices.
acres of lot eight ((8)), of section three ((3)),town That All budded on sour stock. J. H. Turnley, "Ex-
The last four five of the week
or days were
ship two ((2)), south of range twenty-eight ((28)) Tells celsior Nurseries," Lake Weir, Fla. 7.7-20
fine for farm work. Some hay was made, east. Lots two ((2)) three ((3)), four ((4)). six((6)), ten
rice harvested and vegetable crops planted. ((10)) eleven ((11)). thirteen ((13)). fourteen ((14)) and The FOR EXCHANGE.-Rott cuttings of the Giant
fifteen of section ten ( ), (ffinensis) for established
((15)) (ip) township two ((2)), plantsof
Oranges continue to drop. The weatheris south of range twmty-elght ((28)) east. Lots Truth. Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta). Citrus trifoliata -
now favorable for putting out straw- seven (((7)) and two ((2)), (excepting fifteen ((15)) seed for honey and peen-to peach seeds. J.
berry plants. acres of the southeast corner, deeded to Frank The L. NORMAND, Marksville, La.
Ch.yton)), of section eleven(II). township two ((2)),
Central District.-Temperature and south ot range twenty-eight ((28), east. Lots onei i' Typical LOUISIANA GRASS.-(Paspalum playcaule),
rainfall about normal, but on the east ( ) and six ((6)) of section fourteen ((14)), townshiptwo grass in Florida for lawns or per
((2)), south of range twenty-eight ((28)) east. Trip manent pasture Will grow where Bermuda
coast and at many places in the interior .
Can be
Lets one ((1)), two ((2)), three ((3)), seven ((7)), of sec- planted any time of the year when
fell the 13th dam- is
heavy.ICa1 rains on tion twenty-five ((25)). townsuship two ((2)), southof ground moist. Sets-25 cts.per ioo, by mail;
aging sweet potatoes and tender plants in range twenty-eight ((28))east. Via $1.50 per i,000 by express.tf .
fall gardens. The wind did not blow In Ute F. Richard Grant: Section thirty-nine ..., ,'. W H.Powers, Lawtey, Fla.
hard in the belt to do ((39)), township two ((2)), south of range twenty- ;: The FOR SALE for cash,time or hade,orange groves,
enough orange eight ((28))east. And lot nine ((9)). of section three ; and timber lands. E. RUMLKY, Keno,
much damage, but considerable fruit in- ((3)), township two ((2)) south of range twenty- Tropical Fla. 3-n-i6t
jured by the September storm was thrown eight((28)) east. t. -
And I will sell the same to the highest bidder, Trunk
down the winds. The weather
by high for cash, in front of the courthouse door in the .
since the storm has been very favorable city of Jacksonville, Duval Countv, Florida, on Line.For FRUIT TREES.FOR. .
for crops in sections not visited by heavy Monday. October 1st. 1894, within the legal ,
hours of sale. j i and particulars, address,
rains. Oranges are coloring rapidly and NAPOLEON maps
shipments are increasing. Sheriff Duval County, Florida G. D. ,ACKERLY, .
Southern District.-Heavy rains fell on August 2', 1894. for Catalogue and price list.
and near the Atlantic coast, but in the Sale of above mentioned property is continued, GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT,

interior the rainfall was generally light. by eIDbersthIS94.instructions of plaintfFs attorney,until Nov- :' THE TROPICAL TRUNK LIRE, JENNINGS NURSERY CO.,

Pineapples look well and vegetation gene NAPOLEON B. BROWARD, Sheriff I' Jacksonville, Fla. ThomaiYille, 0a.r .



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,i r

I : ",. -.' ,,....xI *, ,' :.:, : : ,,- ", 1 : .

..' .t ,
"". -. '. '.- .., ,- Y

I( SAVANNAH LINE. The Clyde Steamship Co.

Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia and

{ between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours. NEW YORK, CHflfliiESTOH AND RjDtpM IdNES.

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. Both ways to sail: as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Pa..a.Qe: RQtB/ From New York.
Between (Pier 29 B. R.) STEAMER From Jacksonville..

, Jacbonville and New York: .First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.50; Wednesday, Sept... 26th,at3 p m........"ALGONQUIN".......Tuesday, Oct.Florida.id, at
Steerage $12.50. Friday, 28th,at 3 p ID........"SBMINO E". .........Thursday, 6:30am
Jacksonville and Boston Monday Oct. ist, .......... 4th,at 8.-oo a m
: Cabin
The magnificent $27.00; Intermediate $21.00 j Excursion, $47.301; Steerage, $14.25 .a atapm "IROQUOIS".. ..... .Sunday, 7thatlo:3oam:
Steamships of this Wednesday, 3d,
Company are appointed to sail follows .. at3pm..CHEROKEE"'l.ue "
: Friday, 5th,at 3 pm........."YIIMASSEE".Thursday Ie 9th.atuopm:
f Monday. 8th.at 3 p m.. ...... "ALGONQUIN"....... nth,at 1:30 pm
F FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Wednesday, loth, at 3 pm........"SEMINOLE".Tuesday Sunday.II, II 14th, at 4 oo a m
? (Central or goO Meridian Friday II 12th, at 3 p m.......... "IROQUOIS!"........Thursday, II i8th i6th,, at 5.-oo a m _
Time. at 6
Nacoochee....... ........................................... ..). ... Wednesday Monday, "'I 15th.lyth.atspm at 3 p m..............."CHEROKE ...... ..Sunday n 21st. at 9:-3o oam a m
$ City otl\lacon......................................... ... ...... ..Monday. Oct. i, 7.000. m. Friday, 19th, at ....... .YEMASSEE".Tuesday, 23d. at 12:00: n'n
City',of Augusta ................................................... .Wedn'saayOcl.Friday, 3, 5 oo a. ID' 'Monday, u 22d, at3pm."SEMINOLE"3 pm. "ALGONQUIN"................Thursday, 2.\th,at i.30pm
City of Tiirmingham..... .................. Oct. 5, io.ooa.m. Sunday, 28th,at
4 ......... ......... ..... Wednesday, ....... 4:30am:
Kansas City...................... ..................................Saturday. Oct. 6, u.ooa.m. Friday, 26th 24th.at3pm..IROQUOIS", at m...... ... ...Tuesday.II soth at 5:308: m
Gate City...-....... ....................... ...................... .. Monday Oct. 8, i.oop.m. Monday Of .29th.at3pm 3 p ........."CHEROKEE" Thursday Nov. ist,at 7:00 a m
Nacoochee ......... ..... ................ .. ..... .................Wedn'sdayOct. 10, a.sop.m. Wednesday II ........ "YAMASSEE".Sunday. to 4th at Q.-ooam:
City ot ifiacon.......................................................Friday, Oct. 12, 3.00a.m. atspm ."ALGONQUIN". .......Tuesday, 14 6th,at nooam:
City- ot -: .un..........._._......_._.._.._.................................Saturday u. Oct._ 13, 4.30p.m. -
t City or.Birmingham.... ... .......................................Monaayl. Oct. 15, 5.30 p. ID.
t Kanas.City................................ ....... .......;....... Wedn'sday Oct. 17, 7.ooa.m. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.
I Gate City................... ....... .................... ....... ..Friday, Oct. 19, 8.3oa.m.
Nacoochee .............................................. :: ......... Saturday, Oct. 20, 9 3o a. m. bound.Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south-
t City ot................................. ..............Monday. Oct 22,12.00 n'n The fast freight Steatu;.hips "Delaware" and "Wiuyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
, Olt7otA.ugusta.: ... ......................................... ... Wedn'sday Oct. 24, 2.oop.m. :
City Birmingham! ............-.,............. ............... Friday, Oct. 26, 3.00 a. m. From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From
Kansas City...................... .... ........ ...................Saturday, Oct. 27, 4.3op.m. Friday October i2th ................DELAWARE ............... Jacksonville Direct:
, 'Gate City........................ ............ ...........................Monday.Wedn'sday, Oct. 29 6 00 p. m. Friday October 19th............ ....WINYAH..................Friday Friday,, October October 19th
31 7.ooa.m. Friday, October 26th................DELAWARE......... ......Friday, November 26th..ndST.

ra a Chattahoochee....................................... .............
Tallahassee........ ..... ................................... .... Thursday, Oct. 4, 9.003. m. J'OHN RIVER
1 Chattahoochee................ ......................... ..........Thursday, Oct. n, 3.oop.m. LINE.
r Tallahassee................................. ............ ...........Thursday Thursday,, Oct.25 Oct. 18,, 7.3oa.m. _
3.00. pm.
: For Sanford Enterprise and
Intermediate Points
the St. Johns River.
( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Dessoug..................-....--........................ ....... Commencing ....
Dessong... .................................................?....... Tuesday Oct. 9, i.sop.m. Sunday. September 23, the elegant iron side-wheel steamer ;,.;; .
1 Dessoug- ....... ......:................................. ............Monday Friday Oct.Oct.29 19, 6.00p.m.8.3oa.m. ":I3'RED'x: DeBARY," ::':' '

Leaves JACKSONVILLE from foot of Laura Street '
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia at 3.30 p. m: :
Savannah Florida &
Florida Central& Peninsular Railroad. Western Railway SUNDAYS, TUESDAYS and FRIDAYS for
,% Through Bills of Lading, Tickets,and Baggage Checks to and from all Pastern Points in the PALATKA ,
See your nearest ticket agent or write for South. SANFORD, ENTERPRISE
,. or Passage to ,
R.I WALKER,Agent, .
New Pier No.35, North River r.New York. City Exchange C. G.ANDERSON Building, Savannah Agent And Intermediate Landings on the St. Johns River.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents Lewis' Wharf? Connections made for all
W. It JAMES Agent 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.W. ;Boston. points in South Florida.

J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York. RETURNING, ..
Agent. Sav., Fla. & Western
Ry. Co., 261
J.L. ADAMS Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. &P..R. R., A.DeW.SAMPSON Broadway, General N. Y.Agent, Leaves SANFORD, 9.00 a. m., and ENTERPRISE, 9.30 a. m.
353 Broadway, New York.
J. P.BECKWITH General Agent, 121 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 306 Washington St., Boston. MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS AND SATURDAYS
W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W.B.ARNOLD ,
Gen.Trav. Pass. Agt., for JACKSONVILLES1ea.D'1er .
121 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. Agent,.
: : "EVERGLADE"Capt.

SAVINGS AND Leaves Jacksonville from foot Laura street Wednesdays and Saturdays at 5.00 m.
TRUST p. Returning
BANK leave Sanford Friday and Mondays at 5.oo a. m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office 88 West
OF FLORIDA Bay St., Jaoksonville
A.J. COLE, Passenger Bowling Green New York. ,
JACKSONVILLE. M. H. CliTDK. Assistant Traffic Manager Bowling Green New York
1 CAPITAL D. D. C. MINK. General Freight Agent. 12 So. Delaware
$50,000. THEO. G. EGKR, Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York. Pa. .
I H. F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger 88
ROBINSON President. Agent West Bay St.,
IV. J. )Jacksonville, Fla.
HARKISHEIMER Vice-Pres. JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville
WM RAWLINSON, Cashier.DIRECTORS J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville. Fla. Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

H. ROBINSON, : 12 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.W. .

Collections made on all points Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay-
ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,

1 Savings. Grain Garden Seeds

r' JOHN L. MARVIN President.H. and Fertilizers

T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, aa wEf3T AT ST., JACgt901 T'VILL:: E, PI..tA.

CAPITAIi $100,000.. Assistant Cashier. We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

i THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.


Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections and General I STATIC AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE

r Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE Yugert-Sllen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,

I INVITED. Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,


John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin, Orange Tree and Vegetable .
H. T. Baya," T. W. Roby Judge'R. Archibald, KAINIT Etc

Judge E. M. Randall, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, FERTILIZER* ,y
These Fertilizers have superior in the market,and trial will "
I Dr' H. Robinson. a convince '
John B. Hartrld .. Send for Catalogue free. :. '



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.: ,.Do. you,'wish: to,increase...your PROFITS :From; "50 to 500 per: cent on_, ; :frr.i. t3.
: ; :
.''. : FLORIDA. :' ,ORANGE: HNET ZLBOBTTTBLB OROPS? ......ri.sj.'.; .


.f' T&enREAD: CAREFULLY the new pamphlet prepared by the above company,for 'season, of '94-95, which
'. ':. gives' more valuable information than any other publication in existence. .
..' t ,,"

,. ;. A COMPLETE 'TREATISE on the most successful fertilization of young and bearing orange ,trees on pine

'- and hammock lands in Florida''for INCREASED ,PROFITS. Sent free of charge.: Address, '

.;fi..;,,, THE. PAINS 'I :E>:R II"IZ::3E>R: CO., :}
-*:..;;.7, .d f Bay ,- ,

.l' .t.\ .... ',: .' "" .. ... .. . . ,. .. .
.. l/ N''B' Parties wishing to buy Pbtash Salts,Nitrate of Soda,etc., ex-vessel at New York,' :will.find [it 'to their interest.tto[ address our office at 'No. i Broadway!forflquotations.( Always state
.. '- .... quantity desired...-No sales of less than car load-lots-from New York. .

".M!;,,,........,'":,..; .

'"1 CIRCULARS OF .. .. .. ... .... .. .
. ... .. ':" .... .. '.. ..


Contain a list and description,of the Choicest and ,Most: Profitable varieties of the Citrus .'
Family, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown, and tested by us. .- ,
.:..;.. in our extensive experience of seventeen years.. We carry one of .,.;.,.;'1 '"j.. '

The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States. .
," ;
Send::for circulars.: Address R. w. 'PIBRO. : .
.,.. T' Sunset t .Hill.Lake Co., Fla. .iy: .
,>l '
.j ::i =

:. COMMON SENSE FRUIT CLIPPER. : e t. '-.:..,' t:
: ; !; -.. ". ,
: ; ""do>
w .if
...THROw away Two; = II .:' ....,,:.:.'
HANDED shears = '
and clip'pour"orv
anges and grapes The Fallow Land Plow.
with Godbey's ;'-:;'-::. Manufactured for in ''
Common Sense p: expressly use the light sandy lands of Florida. This

Fruit Clipper;that the Ir. = "x:' plow excels in turning over and cowering weeds and trash in soft,,fallow land, ;'

..only allows clipper)'OU to grasp .. a .which every farmer knows is not an easy task. Cuts eight inches, fight .. k;

and with clip ONE the HAND.fruit two-horse,. steel point ,or 'cast point, steel landside and steel mpl bo rd.

It saves one- \1 \ Weighs fifty-one pounds. Retail price $7.56. Given with the paper' one year

third of It the of vesbe-halfen\the time: \ .. for $5.50, or as a premium for four new subscribers at $2.00 each.

It saves p : ; '.

es.It ...
may.be worn -' : ..
on a glove or the .' "
naked band. ": ., ., ;.! .> .
It is not in the : ( :> ;" : :

way boxes in, baskets handling or -,-_ :::" .... ', ;.....'. .... :"'f-..:. .' I if ,
ladders.It : '< '.
-tf..i' :
: : ,: 1-.
leaves one 1'j .r. ,,
hand free to pull = dtl .,! 1 ,. 'f .. "
;..::::) ;"}:: ./ '
,. 'OiIt :
limb hold : .
down a [ ">1.-: -' '4.':' ,.
basket or cling .. :
:r. X :] i"il ;:; .(
; ..
to a ladder. It allows you to clip. your fruit wherever it can be reached withjone: 'hand.; .
*' *\ "* ''. o ,.-.t.of., ....... \ ,4 ,. .
EVERY' CLIPPER' .. WAR RANTED. ,. A ,_ 'r, ( :> -
; ;:- ';I' >
h"t! :
: :1I"
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;: ; .; .
:'Sent anywhere- prepaid on receipt of Si.oo.: Send all orders to' .' .<"..,. :. ." .. isj ......<-., !., .. *

j f :'f' ': .
T. K. GOD1JEY, Waldo', Florida... :; "
D. t.: FERGUSON, State Agent, Waldo j
.-: .. ',"
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; ;
', $Jl1.......: .1
"t,.C.j,f' ,,
.: ]FERTILIZERSCHAPMAN 5" ;-, .''. %' /A\Z. : ;.,,. .
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& SUDLOW .. ..,.>.', .-;- &[;
j" .
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Dandy Garden Plow. .

4.:. Manufacturers of '.9 This Plow is constructed. almost entirely of iron; is very strong durable and yet
'} light weighing only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very.light draft
n\ ; r' 'HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS., The use of this implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable: With it.a

''I..' to' Ground and Steamed Hone a Specialty. Caustic Soda and Flowers of Sulphur Always man can do a man's work and half,the work of a horse. We furnish with thisplow
'; on Hand.. Every Kind of Raw Material at Current Hates. ; : a sweep and a turn-shovel as'well as the :bull tongue shown in the cut., ,?Man :a
.- -Send for Pamphlet on- ufacturer's $5.00.- Price with this
I price paper, $4.00, or given.as a premium. for
ORANQE. TREE, PINEAPPLE AND VEGETABLE FERTILIZERS., three. new. subscribers at$2.00 each.
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