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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00043
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 1, 1894
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00043
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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Powers, Publisher and:Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.-. SEPTEMBER! 1, '1894. Whole No. 1334 Vol.NEW VJ>SKltlfrS.No 35Gteo. : '

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S. Hacker & Son, w. c. WH.L. I ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F.JONES. W. L. DOUGLAS



4 t t tws MANUFACTURERS* OFF CD. WILL & JONES ea SHOE NO ISTHE BEST.SQUEAKING.. .

= -. $5.,:CORDOVAN,
'
.' = FRENCH&ENAMEUEDCALF.

.,. a.a $4.; O ANECA1f&I fi / 58 A 60 WESToIA.BKET'ST.119 & 123 MICHIGAN ST.,
4 I .. BUFFALO N. Y. _- :$3.30 POLICE.3 SOLES.

.-c ',;: r $1)50.$2.- EXTRA WORKINsM FINE. '-I A

A 0 c WHOLESALE FRUITS ANd VEGETABLES. I I -2.175. BOYSSCHOOLSHOES.

K .' LADIES *
F* .. a. Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application: 'R eliable. agents wanted at z. $2.1s

o all principal shipping points, .. ,/ Y V ... $.S'2 BESfD o14.
-REFERENCES :-
OQ SEND FOR CATALOGUEWL'DOUGLAS
First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's -. ,
,
v Agencies., ,
'
: BROCKTON, MASS.

i And Building Materlal.CHARLESTON. Ton"'W.'can L.save Douglas money 83.00 by wearing Shoe.'the

Queen City :Fruit Auction Co. Because,'we are the largest:manufacturers of

s. C. this grade of shoes in the world,and guarantee" their"
value by stamping the name and price on the
Y bottom,which protect you against high prices and
BUFFALO NEW YORK.
: the middleman'a profits. Our'shoes equal custom
REFERENCES:-Bank Commerce, Buffalo/N..Y. Dun's and Bradstreet'a Agencies. work-in style, easy fitting and wearing qualities.
; We hare them sold everywhere lower prices for
FraudBRsFrthtWrappers. the value given than any other make. Take no sub

... HASTINGS' FALL CATALOGUE' stltute. If your dealer cannot supply you we can.


Bradley BedJUld. Eugene B.; R dft41d.
NO MORE CHEATING. OF SEASONABLE, GARDEN EJ. -.::. ESTABLISHED 1871. _

1 9 _REDFIELD & SON, .
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may Is now ready for distribution, And will be sent free to all applicants.

now know that they get an honest ream H. G. ''HAST: G$' Xs OCX, Commission Merchants

t: of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto .
-AND-
I SEED5IMEAT.: I Interlaohen "
dealers ..ids.
ream as some unscrupulous
supply. Fruit Auctioneers

FOR PRODUCTION AND. PROFIT ,
141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
OUR, "FAIR AND SQUARE Trees ;We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
of the -
Buy e11 knoWn, R Iie able,Tin years tested t either at private sale (which has heretofore been '
Printed Wrappers are put up in packages our custom)or by the auction system (recently
each added to our business)as you may desire.
of
1000
and each is
Wrapper
numbered, in 'printing, consecutively 0

from 1 to 1000.' No one can GLEN, ST, MARY- NURSERIES.. .: :. p.. .

SATSUMA' ORANGE$";'hirdjr And early. PECANS bat Paper-Shell Variety. CAMPHOR "TEFES.
HONESTLY BEATour ,PEAKS, all kinds, immense stock.. WALNUT8Eng.Japaa A California. TEXAS UMBRELLA.
PEACHES,-BO varieties new and old. CBES'1'NU'1'BJapall.' Mammoth,fine. GREVILLEA'ROBUBTA.'
PLUMS, best Japan and native. sorts. OLIVES and APRICOTS.' MAGNOLIA GiZANDIFLORA.: .
prices. Send for samples and prices JAPAN PERSIMMOHS.Tarletles PIGS and MULBERRIES. CITRUS' TRIPOLIATA.'
to GRAPES: good supply, all leading kinds. POMEGRANATES.: .. ROSES,'BO rarletles. .... '
Other kinds-lots of them=write for'what you-wanL -- -
'FREE Specimens of fruit In season; and our'experience and information as to adaptability to
THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO. your locality, worth much more. For Instance,we have discarded one variety of which we shipped Canada Heard From.
400 bushels in 1887;and this but one of the hundreds of varieties tested. We have built our reputation
.on fine stock-some say the finest.. An Ex-Governor of Fla.writes: "They are beauties,so admirably New
JERSEY. CITY, N. J. .r packed as to shame a novice and even many who:pretend to be experts." Prompt and careful use for the Page;
attention to correspondence Prices reasonable. Catalogue free. -
N; .-We do not deal in imprinted Gr. TABERClen A Canadian farmer was in need of a Foot
wrappera. L. .: St. Mary, Fla. Bridge and the Page agent was equal to the
emergency.' A five ft. fence for the bottom
." I .... .. SUMMERIs and three ft. forthe sides stretched over 100 ft.
.. ;;' span proves a grand: success. With four men In
t. = :: V % Is by far the best time to plant all mannerof, the middle it sagged only 10 in.,coming right
c Tropical Fruit, Plants and Shrubs;; also Orange and up to place when relieved. Owner Is so well
The ., ti Lemon Trees,; etc., Palms, Bamboos,. Grasses, pleased, he tears down 80 rods of'good board
sower has t+ Aquatics, etc.etc. fence to make room for Page.
no
second chance. If 0 We have them;'in the greatest assortment in Florida or the South, in PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich.
you would.at flrst:.skis,_ P admirable condition for setting at any time By planting now you can geta
Med,be sure and start with a good growth and avoid loss by drouth or cold next winter. Send at once ..
for"our latest catalogue and manual. Illustrated and priced.IMMEI Notice of Application for Dischargeof

FERRY'SSEEDS TSE. t9 OCK. FAIR PR'ICE'S. Assignee.To .

Establfahed'1883.REASONER.
.alLwhom it nay.concern:
BROS. Oneco Fla. "
TAKE NOTICE.. That I have filed my,final 're-
PenT'Seed Annual for IBM in the Clerk's office of Duval County,and
contains the sum and substance) that I will apply,thirty days from this date to
of the latest farming Knowl PEOPLE ARE LEARNING the Judge of the Circuit Court of the Fourth JU.
edge. Every planter should dicial Circuit for Duval County Florida,at the
haye It. Sent free In Some parts of the country,at least, that.THEY- 'MUST" HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE or no court house, or wherever the said Judge may
D.LPcrry&Co.; Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but.Best then be.for an order approving the same, fixing
Detroit, ana nearest to a Seedless Orange of .any now grown. Budded :Trees of this.and other varieties my compensation and granting my final dcharge. --
.
.
_
Midi. DOW for Ale :' : ,
: byu"' .-, V. A.: 'BOONE JOHN G.CHHISTOPHER, i
.f" Agent.
.. Assignee John B. Togi .
#*. Semi Tropical Nurseries,Orlando,1Z*., August 6,1894., .&-n-4t'
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546.".......;"'.', . THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FKUITGKOWEK.GQGGIDIGIDE.Hr. -- .- r. .

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Numerous tests have conclusively,demonstrated that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes(white fly) in!all of its stages of development. It can,: however -
,be more effectively reached! while in the egg, larva and pupa states. It is now.in those states, but will commence hatching the fly about the middle of June. '

No' ?' is 1he: i1.D.e: to: Apply.It .

.
Is also fatal to the Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs,and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods. ..

THE: EUREKA INSECTICIDE .>. ':'- '[ f'
"' ..
::; THE OLD RELIABLE. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it. I... '..

SULPHUR.. .,, [ -.., >::.-,7:::'"-'::>a'" '.
Sng{ barrels,ton or in car lots. '::.: r

:$L : ,SPRAYING ACHINERY. ''I.':" .". "'... "P ..::,,'t'
"'., In Great variety at manufacturers'prices. -... ::,;/,; :!
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: :;
STEVENS"NATER MOTOR. ::11}$:>

:A; A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost of using insecticides. Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and wire bound. 'J!*;.'
'
BANGOR BOX SIDES. :
Cargo will arrive in June. Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates and other growers supplies.-:- .
i /' .="- ==== SPECIAL I NOTICE = ... .. /.:;::

\,} ..'The rate for_ transporting. Insecticides has been reduced from 6th class to class "K." A reduction of more than 50 per cent. -.'./ ."
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:: Correspondence solicited. :. .. C 1 1t

*,;\Vaycross Wharf. : Jacksonville. Fla. .;.

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TO THE ORANGE GROWERS OF FLORIDA.


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Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves'. for'the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make:the:following statement :
That SULPHUR SOLUTION: INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest'and.best preparation offered to the orange grower.

It has never yet been 1 Adulterated. or Diluted in 'f\,ny form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

other Insecticides hare.'been throughout the State,

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish ,.the purpose for which it was ,made. It can be sprayed ion

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury: to them or the persons using,it..
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis
very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (riot the Spotted mite or Yellow
Spider), and used,in combination ,with Sulphur Solution it will give better'results than any insecticide ever used.
We'have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know.:-whereof we speak. x. \
<- These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. : '}::-';':-
References and general directions for using furnished on application. ".'\cl::wI :'
Write for Price-List. :: ;


I ;-;,'>'", .":'o,.... ." '" ." : : McMASTER' / &. MILLER, :;' :
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San Mateo FI : .;
a. .:...
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FERTILIZERS Orange Trees I : ',::

Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone.

OUR BASE IS BONE, NOT PHOSPHATE BOCK. Lemon Trees I '

This is a 'guaranteed Fact.


Standard Guano & Chemical M'f'g' Co. The Old Reliable_Buckeye Nurseries.

No. Union St. New Orleans La.
14 I have hand the finest -
on lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-
rieties. have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa
m two-year buds, from five
OSCAR, H. NOLAN, State Agent.Write to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it'd hard times, and propose to sell at
for Almanac,Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange
Write for prices. -
W,H.MICHAEL. Established 1868. A.W.MICHAEL
M. E. GILLETT Prop.,
or Weirsdale,Fla.,
NURSERIES ,OF THE

Milwaukee Florida Orange Go, POTASH FERTILIZING FOR

ORANGE TREES AND,EARLY VEGETABLES
Selected strains of Choicest Varieties, of Citrus Fruit Trees a Special ty. Use
Budding-Wood for sale at all times. only
Our stock is large and complete. TO CORRESPONDENCE. :Fertilizers
For Catalogue and PTcATTEaddress Containing Over 10 Per Cent of Potash.

A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Ma.V Information and Pamphlets free.GERMAN .
:, KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street,New: York City..
.

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.': FLORIDA FARMER m i FRUIT-GROWER.. !veoR

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Grove i Orchard. hardiness; being dormant in winter, rabbit proof." "Forms an impene- other stocks however
; we explain this
and the circulation
of sap limited trable barrier
very to man and beast. It effect the fact remains
,rupture of the cells and death to the is demonstrated
.
CITRUS TRIFOLIATA. hardy as far north as New York by
experience. While it is
plant by freezing temperature is near- perhaps,
City.-P. J. Berckmans.FOR .
not likely that this will
Results. of Nineteen Years Experi- ly impossible in any of our Southern result in any
ORNAMENTAL PLANTING. considerable extension of the
States.
ence. Again we quote from Dr. orange
The forthcoming fall catalogue of Devron. H. E. Van Deman, when The ease with which it can be con- belt northward, planting upon this

Mr. G. L. Taber, of Glen St. Mary U. S. Pomologist, referring to its fined within small compass, and train- stock will certainly reduce the frost
risk in the
will contain the following: ability to endure cold i, said: "Grows ed into almost any shape, makes it northern edge and exposed
The trifoliata (Citrus trifoliata Lim- well out doors here at Washington." exceptionally valuable as an ornamen. locations of the orange region, and
tal. upon it the Satsuma and other of the .;
Wm. Saunders
onium Superintendent
trifoliatum, Aegle sepiaria and Garden -
r Citrus triptera of botanists) during the and Grounds, U. S. Department While it is bare of leaves in winter, in hardier sorts can be grown successfully
of its vivid stems and and many places in the Gulf region west-
past few years has attracted more at Agriculture, says: "This species green unique ward
I to Texas.
tention among the orange growers and will stand a zero temperature." Prof.H. peculiar outline give it a very striking
citriculturists of this country, particu J. Webber, of the U. S. Department appearance. Its large white flowersare Satsumas on the trifoliata, plantedat
larly in Florida and the sub tropical of Agricultare, writing from followed by a showy fruit which the North Carolina Experimental

regions of the Gulf, than any other Washington on June 15th, 1894, says: hangs, golden yellow, on the trees Station in 1890 were cut down .by the
March
through the winter.AS freezes of this year ((1894)). But
"There
member of the citrus family. Its val are a number of trees growing I
ue as a stock for other varieties, as in the grounds here that are thrifty,, A STOCK FOR THE ORANGE AND even hardy trees are injured by freez-
ing after the rises
and this
well as for hedges, is now well deter and seem fully adapted to this re OTHER CITRUS. sap freeze
late
mined by experimental planting ex gion. They are about ten years old." In nursery the trifoliata is a rapid peaches was so persimmons and so severe that pears,

tending over a period of eighteen or On June nth, 1894, :Mr. R. Maitre, and vigorous grower. All varieties of fruits the other hardy
were cut to
ground as wellas
nineteen years. Quite extensive or of Louisiana, writes: "I saw it growing oranges and other citrus take readily the Satsumas. No claim is
chards of the Satsuma and other varieties in the court grounds at Baden upon it"and grow off well; and, so far for the hardiness of made

of the orange on trifoliata Baden, Germany, on my visit in i as our observation extends, and we upon the trifoliata,any as far orange north, even ac

stocks have been planted during the North Carolina, and the fact that the
past two or three in Texas Louisianaand
;
2 trees referred to stood three winters
Florida.SIZE .
;, in this region, and only succumbed in

AND CHARACTERISTICS. common_ with hard, deciduous trees,
Unlike most of our cultivated citrus shows their hardiness rather than oth-

fruits it is not a hybrid sport or de- erwise. In the lower south, north

rived sort, but a primitivewild species r\ and west of the Florida peninsula,
reproducing itself without variation this March freeze did more extensive
from seed. It is a native of Japan, damage to the fruit interests than any

where it grows wild and has been long cold snap which has occurred since

used as a stock for cultivated varieties 1 i! these interests have been developed.Trees .
of the orange. There are many -- on the trifoliata, recently planted -
young trees in the Gulf States fro m ,and with buds too young to have
ten to fifteen feet high. In Japan it mature wood, were damaged in the

attains a height of twenty to twenty I I ;uh i northern limits of this region, and in
five feet, and it is probable it will grow tIIJlu especially cold spots, but along the

'l as large here. R. :Maitre, of New coast in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi,
Orleans, writes (June nth. 1894)): "In Alabama and Florida but few young

1876 I obtained two small plants, one trees were touched, and none which
year old cuttings about three inches ins -A-- were old enough to have formed
w- size. I planted them two years after heads of hardened growth.At .

in the open ground; at the present : several places in Louisiana,
time the two plants are about fifteen from fifty to sixty miles north of New

feet high and wide, flowering and Orleans, in the latitude of Thomas-

bearing profusely ever season." ville and Brunswick, Ga., there are
5. On June 4th, 1894, Prof. W. C. trees of the Satsuma and other vari-
- Stubbs, director of the Louisiana Su- eties on trifoliata (uninjured this

gar Experimental Station, refers to spring) which have been bearing some
cutting down a trifoliata tree, "four l years. E. L. St. Ceran, of New Orleans .
inches in diameter, and from fifteen the owner of one of these

twenty feet high." It is deciduous, groves, in a letter received June 21st,
has dark, glossy green trifoliate leaves 1894, says: "The Satsuma and other
and is thickly studded with stout mandarins worked on the trifoliata

thorns. It bears young, in four to stand the cold much better here (one
six years from the seed, the fruit being degree north of the orange belt) than

unedible.-- The habit of growth is DCcunar A PRACTICAL ORANGE PEELER. I when budded on either the sweet or
.a
being very angular and dis sour orange stock. The Satsuma on
tinct. 1891. Baden Baden is in the latitude j'have investigated the subject carefully this stock four
planted bore
years
of Montreal and Portland Or as
are permanently successful and
HARDINESS. egon. It is hardy in France every- prolific on this stock. Mr. Reddick many as fifty oranges to the tree.
,
Dr. G. Devron, of New Orleans, where south of Paris. But it is not from whom we have quoted above, Pfequemines parish, on the lower
says: "Having been one of the first coast, is the true orange belt; ten,
to necessary to go out of this country to says: "I nave had more'than thirty
cultivate the Citrus trifoliata in the determine its hardiness, as, throughout varieties of the citrus family on tri twelve, or more, parishes are adaptedto

open ground in the United States and the South, and as far north as foliata, and they all seemed to dwell o orange culture, but the venture is
perhaps the first to see it bloom and Washington, specimens have stood pomelos, especially. by no means a safe one, owing to the
They
produce fruit in this country, I must the winters for years.AS make prolific trees that commence to liability of the trees (on ordinary
say that I know of no variety of the bear in about three from the orange stock,) being entirely cut down
Citrus family that can be more A HEDGE PLANT. bud. years by untimely freezes. The deciduous

l lected, more exposed to extremes neg of In Japan it is extensively used to guished The either fruit in size cannot be distin- nature of the trifoliata, its almost complete

temperature, or to excess of moisture construct impenetrable hedges. W. flavor from fruit appearance or cessation of sap flow in winter
and dryness, with so much impunity. S. Reddick, of Buras, Louisiana, who stocks." grown upon other and early spring, makes it a most invaluable -
In the seventeen years I have had this has been growing trifoliata extensively stock on which to work the

Citrus under observation, I have never writes, June loth, 1894: "I agree INCREASES HARDINESS. orange, especially in the northern tier

seen an injurious insect on the tree, with Dr. Devron that it is a first-class The trifoliata stops growing early in of counties in Florida, and the par- .
or its leaves, flowers or fruit." hedge plant, but I put it a way the fall, is entirely dormant in winter, ishes to the north of Plaquemines in

STANDS A LOW TEMPERATURE. ahead of the Osage orange. It can and starts late in the spring. Varietiesof Louisiana."

.' "Its deciduousness be confined to a very small space, and the orange and citrus fruits worked RIPENS THE FRUIT EARLY.
increases
its with proper training can be made it will stand
upon more cold than upon Experience thus far seems to indiE'.i -


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548 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ;

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cate that the habit of this stock to spreading habit is really a decided them has a drying and heating effect, the trees during the day, 'which is -
harden up early in season hastens advantage. As Dr. Devron says: and they are an i injury j to a tree in a equal or better than the coloring

ripening, an important item in locali- "This is not an. objection, but a quality drouth. Their dark color attracts the rooms gotten up atgreat expense. If
ties where early frosts are apt to injure ; more trees can be planted in the heat. We would not have pine straw you would have smooth, bright lemons

the fruit. same space, the fruit is easier gath-- under an orange tree or around straw- try this experiment and color the fruiton
MAKES GOOD SIZED TREES. ered, while the trees can be better berry plants, as a gift. But when it the trees. The Captain is informedby

The fact that this stock has been managed, and will be less exposed to, is thoroughly rotted, mixed in small Alfred Ayer, of Lake Weir, and

considerably used for the propagationof damage from wind..and. storm." proportions with other matters in a, others, that the tight rooms and other '
small orange trees for house cul- compost and kept saturated with waterit devices for coloring lemons "have
Making and ApI>lyineManure..
ture, and for grounds at the North, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: has some value. The only servicewe proved to be rotting rooms." In

where the trees must be moved in- I. I have a fair crop of grass'on ask of a pine tree is to protect the gathering your lemons, pick in a
doors in winter, for which it is espec. orange grove as the result of a liberal my grove from the sun and from the bucket and handle like eggs. Keep

ially well adapted, has led to the application of fertilizer of a high blizzard, and even in this capacity in packing house four or five days, .;
impression that varieties worked uponit grade. If enough of this is taken off ought to be cut off from the grove bya wrap, pack and ship, and if you have }i
were necessarily very much dwarfed, i in hay to last a horse and cow for one deep ditch. used the sulphur they will be all O. K. -t
but the orange on the trifoliata is by year will the manure returned to the The leaves of deciduous trees are Leesburg Commercial. k:

no means such a diminutive dwarf as soil compensate for the loss of humus? worth hauling, say a half mile, if you The odor of a few handfuls of dry :
many suppose. The orange upon own a horse and have a man employedby
2. Will you tell me how to treat sulphur floating in the free air about a
trifoliata stock makes a smaller tree this manure to get the best results out the month or year. In this case lemon tree and producing the above
than upon orange stock; the sweet of it in Florida? there will be intervals when he will effects makes a considerable draft on

orange grows smaller upon sour stock 3. Is the top mould or surface have nothing particular to do. Their the imagination.
than upon sweet stock. There is a scrapings of the ordinary Florida pine principal value is in the stable as an -, -.-. .
dwarfing effect in both cases, but, in forest of any value on an orange absorbent of the liquid manure. No Blight on the Coast.

open ground culture, neither makes grove, and if so, will it pay to gather .-..--- Alvin, Brazoria Co., Tex., Aug. 20.

very small trees.Referring and haul it if the haul is a short one? marching for Foot-Rot. -The LeConte pear crop harvested ...:
to the famous "Dugat"tree G. L. D. Has any one demonstrated that in. and sold and the net yield has been !
of Beeville, Texas, an orange Annapolis, Md. arching is not a good remedy for foot- $2 per bushel. The Alvin country :
tree of some unidentified Japanese I. Yes, if proper care is taken to rot.? It would be a wonder if no one has demonstrated the fact that the
variety upon trifoliata stock, plantedin save the liquid manure, which is more has done so. I am led to the above pear is a success, for nowhere are they
1885 or 1886, G. Onderdonk, the valuable than the solid, and to apply observation from recalling the fact exceeded in size, flavor or beauty.
well known Texas horticulturist, writ it in the best manner. Unless you that about every apparently good The largest LeConte weighed eighteen '
ing May i5th, 1894, says: "It is a have a tight stable floor aud a manure thing is scarcely presented to the ounces; grown by Col. Miller on his

compact grower, spreading from the tank you should bed the animals horticultural public, before some one Fairyland orchard, and he had sixteen
ground,and is now eight or nine feet heavily with fine hay or leaves or dry seems to take a delight in demolishingour that aggregated 11 r2 pounds. One .:'
"
high. He adds: "It will not be muck, (not pine leaves or saw dust) dearest hopes.A bushel shipped to St. Louis brought ft.iJ
many years until anybody in Southern to absorb the liquid manure. visit to the groves and nursery of an order for 100 bushels. General w.
Texas can give information both as to 2. If you have sufficient dry muck or A. J. Pettigrew, affords a most striking satisfaction was expressed. The }
the orange on trifoliata and the trifo leaves mixed with the manure to pre object lesson as to what inarching Kieffer trees are full to breaking down
liata itself, so many are being planted." vent it from fermenting or fire-fanging with rough lemon as a remedy for foot and many bushels have had to be

On May 3oth, 1894, J. L. Normand, you may let it accumulate and applyit rot in orange trees will do, and sug gathered to save the trees. These
of Marksviile, Louisiana, sixty miles to the soil at leisure. Otherwise it gests that many sluggish growing cit- I sell for $1.50 for preserving. Pear
north of New Orleans, says: "I have had better be wheeled out and placed rus trees from obscure causes mightbe trees on this coast belt thirty-five years
several varieties of Japanese oranges under the trees every day. Put a greatly benefited and rejuvenatedby old have never had a sign of blight.
worked on tritoliata five years ago; large wheelbarrow load to a tree, if it inarching with the rough lemon. -Galveston News.
some of them are eight feet high." is twelve old in t .
ten or years a pile on What can be more remarkable thanto '
Thinning
Mr. Reddick, of Buras, says: "I have the north side where the sun will burnit see a twig the size of a lead pencilset Fruit.
had a number of varieties of orangeson Mr. Edward W. Lincoln, in his re-
least. fine earth
Sprinkle dry over at the root of a ten old
year
orange
trifoliata for about nine port to the Worcester Co. Massachusetts
years, the t the pile, or better still, land pIa terto tree, nearly dead with the foot rot, -
largest of them have a height and absorb all the ammonia which would except the part showing the reinforcement Horticultural Society, states that i
spread of about twelve feet. I do not otherwise escape. It is well to use of pabulum and that new from practical experience there is no
consider the trifoliata dwarf it is alternate bearing in fruits. The
a rea-
,
either the dry earth or the plaster part showing great broad thick dark
more properly a semi-dwarf." A. H. son why trees do not bear in successive -
about the stable for the
same purpose. green leaves, and lusty limbs six or
Crane, of Nashua, Florida, reports The pile of manure should not be more feet long, all grown since the years, is chiefly from the fact that
the Tangerine trifoliata twelve feet they have been allowed to overbearthe
on
than three feet the
elseit
nearer to tree, twig was inarched six months ?
ago
high. Professors Swingle and Web may give it the foot rot. Keep it Others of a year or more of growth previous year. He experimented
ber of the Sub-Tropical Laboratoryof covered with mulching to prevent the showing a corresponding improve. chiefly on pears. From a single tree
the U. S.Department of of the Belle Lucrative he pulled off
Agriculture, from it. Here the rain
sun burning I ment. Now, as I said before, who
Eustis, Florida, report a number of will leach the liquid part into the soil I has proved _this all a delusion? As it two thousand young fruit. Not only
navel (orange) trees at that place on does this practice tend to give regular
and there will be no loss as there now looks there is no use to fret fur-
trifoliata stock, which they estimateto would be if it ,were leached into the ther about foot rot in trees.- crops every year but the size and
be fifteen feet the orange quality of the fruit is much enhanced.
high-and
remarkable soil under the stable. I W. E. Driscoll in Manatee Advo- tf
fact about them is that "they When the pile has well rotted, rextspring by thispractice. He thinks there is no
bear well, much better than the cate.The more reason why fruit should
on when the weather is cool, i it principal difficulty in perform- growers
orange." Prof. Webber says: "These may be scattered under the tree and ing this operation is that the tree af- not systematically thin out the too
navels on trifoliata are about abundant crops than there is for not
seven
worked in with It
a prong-hoe. fected with the foot rot is generally of
years old. They are rather smaller should be well covered with earth or considerable size, while the one planted hoeing out superabundant corn and
than trees of the same age on other the sun will still cause much loss in it. alongside to be inarched, is small. potatoes.-Meehan's Monthly.
stock, I should judge, though I was If this is done the best is -'----* -------
not plan to It is no easy task to effect a living We
thoroughly believe in and have
unable to notice that this
was very I it in shallow trench
bury a running junction between the soft and tender
always advocated
home
marked. The most noticeable featureis production
clear around the tree, from six to ten switch and the thick, stiff bark of the
and it is
that all of them gratifying to note the increase -
are bearing heavily
feet from the trunk, according to the old tree.
(the navel is a shy bearer on ordinary size. Dig this trench with a prong- t in crops of forage and grain; of

stocks), and Mr. Saunders, the own- hoe, so as to break and lacerate the How to Color Lemons. the family vegetable gardens; of the
er, says they have borne heavy crops little diversity in planting fruit trees
roots as as possible.Of The process of coloring lemons has
for several around the home lots where formerly
years. courser you understand that sta been in heated rooms with a kettle of the
LOW, SPREADING TOPS. ble manure is not a complete fertilizer. water and the sulphur fumes. Capt. orange tree was planted exclu-
sively and the additional interest
When we consider that trees on It will make wood and leaves 'E. J. M. Padgett informs us that he shown; in
this stock usually branch at the' and even fruit, but the latter will be has discovered that his lemons are common sense fertilizing as
opposed to the ultra-scientific methods
ground, and the measurements do not coarse and spongy. Bone and potash coloring beautifully on the trees. He advocated by of the writers in
include several feet of stem, they in- must be given to supply the requisite attributes it to the free use of sulphur our agricultural many Ru-
dicate a head of good size; and it ap phosphoric acid and potash. with a sulpher gun, and says the night ralist. press.-lt'lorida

pears that the orange and other citrus 3. We have a poor opinion of the dews give the moisture and the sun i in .

grow as large as,is desirable upon thetrifoliata. value of pine leaves for manurial pur the day gives the heat, causing the Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
This moderate size and poses or compost. The turpentine i in fumes.of the sulphur to pass through I Most Perfect Made.






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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 549.


The Pinery.V fies the statement that in point of time push ,out much further from the

-...-.... there is little, if any, difference between ground, often eight to ten inches The Vineyard.The .
-
slips and crowns in their time of fruit giving them less hold upon the parent
Edited by JOHN_ B. BEACH. Melbourne, Fla.
stock and less
ability to
-,.. maintain an
'""'- ""'- ing.Some
""" """
- Niagara at DeFuniak.Editor .
The Pineapple yill. early writers claim that crowns, upright position, only as held up by Farmer and FruitGrower.'Vhat's .
like seeds, produce new varieties. This their neighbors, but these neighbors
BY REV. JAMES H. WHITE. the matter with the Niagara?
also is erroneous. During all these are not close and strong enough to
[Written for the Farmer and Fruit Grower.] years the crowns I have planted have keep them in an upright position, It's all right. In a recent number of

What to plant has two branches : produced fruit true to its kind. The hence they fall to one side and the this paper a correspondent described

First, the kind of offsets, and second, crown is the continuation of the fruit fruit is more or less sunburned. conditions under which the Niagara'

the variety or varieties. stalk up through the fruit, and therefore Plants, like animals,must have suit- grapevines died. Planted on the
The first of these should be kind of soil described, they are almostsure'
consid of necessity of the same nature as able food as a necessary condition of
ered before the. of how to'prove a failure in a very few
question the
to original plant. thrift, and it is an error to suppose
plant. The crowns are marketed with the that the pineapple is an exception to years.
In this section I would
SUCKERS. fruit, and as a consequence must ever the rule. Close planting will give too not plant a
These are new plants growing from bean important factor in the problemof many mouths for the supply of food. vineyard on land where the clay is less

axillary buds on the old plant near supply. Local bonsumption will Many plants half fed will not give as than three feet below the surface, and
the ground. Of the various offsets if it is thirty feet down, so much the
never furnish crowns in quantity except good results as Half the number well
these are the largest, fruit the soonest. in the region of canneries or other fed. Large fruit, and fine appearing, better. Many times during the past
and are the most valuable. I think establishments. using large quantities is the "fancy"of the pineapple marketof eight years I have seen the foot or

their extra value is in their extra; size of fruit. today, and only stocky, vigorous eighteen inches of soil on top of the

as they are the largest at a given age. ROOTED PLANTS plants will produce such fruit, and clay hills a mushy loblolly for thirty
in
"The largest are the most valuable! ," are not as conspicuous in the pineap strong, stocky plants cannot be grown last days succession. That was the case
is a rule that applies to suckers when world without sufficient room for their devel January.. Such conditions are, '
ple as they were ten
years ago. fatal
with suckers to grape vines, and injurious to
compared as well as
Even then their most zealous advo- opment.
nearly all varieties of fruit
when compared with other offsets.: cates were those that had them for No one feature of pineapple cultureis trees.
The largest suckers, the largest slips sale so and Thorough drainage is absolutely essential -
at 25 cents each for the common constantly persistently in the
to most successful
fruits
# and the largest crowns are each the sorts. If in the process of rootingthe sisted upon by the English planters a culture.
best of their kind. To this there i is size of the growing of
the plant is increased its strong, stocky plants as Grape vines and peach trees
one exception. value is increased, otherwise it is not. opposed to slim, ipindling ones. And. on the sand hills planted -
A sucker be so old that it will l their in around DeFu-
may
In the ordinary process of transplanting practice regard to distance i is niak
t' fruit prematurely. By this I mean i it at least Springs, are remarkably healthy,
*. tt the roots are so disturbed that suggestive to us on this point. where
good culture has been
may send up its fruit stalk before i it most, if not all, of them die before Two feet by two feet for pot grown The LeConte given.
gets sufficiently established in its new is the limit pear seems to thrive
the plant can receive any nutrition I plants of closeness given. better moist
on more land.
location to produce a fruit of good 1 from the soil. The old roots are i Closer than this they call "crowding." Five and six old vines

size.Ten therefore of no value in transplantingexcept Theirs is the verdict of long expert years grape
planted on high sandy land have al-
,
and twelve
years ago we here. iu case of plants grown i in ence under circumstances that con been
received many large;suckers from the small pots and transplanted with the stantly urge to close planting. ways remarkably healthy, al-
though they have been
never
Florida Keys. Their practice was to Their sprayed.
ball of earth unbroken. fruiting area costs not less I
have noticed
; let all the suckers remain until the than at the rate of fifty thousand dol however, that the
time of blooming for the next !main HOW TO PLANT lars per acre. black rot has been increasing during

crop. Such as did not bloom at this also consists of two parts. How It is well known that close plantingof the past two years, and next spring

I time were removed, their tops cut backto deep? and How close?' Two needs cabbage gives slim, spindling plants I shall spray the vines thoroughly.

nearly a stump and sold or used for of- the plant should govern the depth. and small worthless heads, so does the The rusty or blood-colored margin
new plantations., A few of these would First, it needs to be planted deep close planting of corn and other of the grape vine leaves is probably a

push out a bloom before reaching their ,I enough to keep it in place until rooted; give similar results. crops fungus disease that is quite common,

destination, and a few more fruit prematurely But to be kept in place is not enough. Neither close planting nor mulching but not specially harmful. Prof.

. after they were planted. But Second, it needs such a depth as will 1 as a substitute for cultivation will Rolfs, entomologist of the Lake City

most of them, with proper care, made give it a good hold upon the ground, be practioed by the future planter. Experiment Station, visited our placea
fine,large plants, and produced a'good so as not to be easily blown over whenit Mulching has already been discarded few weeks ago and took specimens of

ir f'' : crop of fruit in l less time than either becomes of such a size as to offer a and close planting is doomed to a liken such leaves with him for investigation.If .

'"" slips or crowns. But suckers grown large resisting surface to the wind. I destiny. I was the first fo advocateand requested to do so he will probably

: here and planted in August and Sep general terms it may be stated as fol practice cultivation on Indian describe the disease and prescribe a

tember give even better results.A lows : Slips two or three inches, suck river, having practiced it from the beginning remedy.
plant in good condition will, besides ers three or four, according to size. and now after an experience Grape vines appreciate the very best
the fruit make How close is not easily answered culture. Don't "burn off the grass."
two or more as of eighteen years I have the satisfac
suckers and from five to fifteen slips the practice of planters is quite di tion of seeing my judgment vindicatedby I I am surprised that any vines survived
verse. universal such treatment. Make hay. of the
practice.
SLIPS
.9 ,. Close nlantin? has its advocates and grass or plow it under.
,
Island
Home Brevard
,
are therefore most abundant and consequently I so< far they are l largely in the majority. .county i. Fla. According to my observation crab

the chief dependence for Eighteen by 20 inches and 20 by 24 Deafness Cannot be Cured grass is very exhausting to the soil; it

extensive planting. Like the sucker inches are the most common distances. By local applications as they cannot seems to suck all the nitrogen out of
the size of the slip is the measure of Some ; the land. Seed the vineyard down to
plant 2 feet by 2 feet and others reach the diseased portion ot the ear.
its value. Our Eden neighbor objectsto beggarweed. Cut this in the
fall
and
2x3 feet. Most of ours are planted There is only one way to cure deafness
large slips because to cut back 2x3. ,and that is by constitutional sow a mixture of rye and oats, which. ..
the tops "is work," but I am certain Two advantages are claimed for dies. Deafness is caused by an reme-in- should be plowed under in Februaryor

that it is work that will give good re close planting. First, it will keep flamed condition of the mucous liningof March. This will protect and
turns. Slips may be either too youngor down weeds this is build up the land.
; ( only a lazy man'sexcuse the Eustachian Tube. When this
too old for best results. Too young ); second, the plants support tube is inflamed you have a rumbling In an undeveloped country_ all
s-: if the stem under the bracts at the each other and prevent the fruit from sound or imperfect hearing, and whenit kinds of people plant all kinds'of

base is green instead of brown, and falling to one side and becoming sun- is entirely closed Deafness is the fruit in all kinds of lands and meet
too old if' it has'' waited long after j burned.At result, and unless the inflammationcan with all kinds of failures. Time and

the proper time for planting. Large first sight this looks plausible, be taken out and this tube restoredto experience alone will remedy all these

slips of uniform size can be made to but in some directions it only aggravates its normal condition, hearing will troubles. The only way/to succed is

give 90 per cent of fruit for,the first the evil it is designed to cure. be destroyed forever. Nine cases out to keep everlastingly at it, using your

crop. 1st, Thick, stocky plants will of ten are caused by catarrh, which is I' best judgment in deciding 'all "ques-

CROWNSare stand up better than tall, spindlingones nothing but an inflamed condition of tions as they arise.

also used for planting, but many and close planting will give the mucous surfaces.We G. W. MELLISH.
.
have the impression that it requires a slim, spindling plants. will give One Hundred Dollarsfor DeFuniak Springs,..Fla.Grapes. <

long time for them to fruit. I think 2nd, Plants with plenty of room any case of Deafness (caused by on Clay.

!, it is Simmonds' Tropical Agriculture will push out their suckers close to catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's Our West Florida correspondentsends

: that says: ..., the ground, giving them a firmer Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars; free.F. us from Marianna a box of
"Suckers will fruit in eighteen hold upon the stock and support from J. CHENEY & Co., leaves and roots from the Fulcher

!months, slips in two years, and crowns the thick stout leaves near the ground. Toledo, O. vineyard, ,whose,decadence had ,been
.
in three years.:" My experience justi-I Close'' planting causes the suckers to J JQ-Sold by Druggists, 750. previously described. They are probTHE -


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.d .
550.- THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. :;:..
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THE PIONEER FERTILIZER FACTORY OF FLORIDA. :

Importers of .
Manufacturers of _

Sulphate I t Potash t .' = All Kinds of :BRANDS

SUITABLE FOR ORANGE
From Guriuuny. -- --

=---_- r : -:rw= -- 1 -_ = --- -. TREES,Peach

tIGH GRADE SULPHATE ,
I'p P*! = = Trees
Strawberries
90-95 per cent. ?46.00 per ton. ?? __ _. .- .. ... .. ...._._..._ ,
-- -- Pinea pples.

i -

DOUBLE MANURE SALT _
_
Write for a
48-55 per cent. Sulphate Potash I
I
Iii -
127.00 per ton,free on board cars -: @_ Pamphlet GiiinqPilll/
Jacksonville, Fla.

.: -I > Particulars

Also large buyers of TO -
u-
-
= 1 East Bay Street,

KVBry Kind of :ii : Jacksonville, Fla.

TOLockhart
-- ---- --- -
_
Raw Material =_ Little,

SECRETARY.

ably not the of the trouble I. ..
cause
onlyan
indication of it. After describingmore Farmer $ Trucker early; very productive; plant very els of shelled corn per acre, the tomato --;

minutely than in the former letter ----- stocky, free from disease; blossom plat with nitrate of soda yielded
the diseased condition of the leaves Strawberries in South Alabama.Editor pistillate. thirty bushels, and the plat manured' ,
and roots and an unsuccessful search Farmer and Fruit Grower: Alabama, a very early, productive with crimson clover yielded forty-eight .;. _
Another berry; fruit of beautiful color, very bushels.
for the strawberry has
cause, our correspondent says: season come
:May it not be possible that a heavy and gone. I thought a few notes would firm, of good flavor; plant growth Eight tons 600 pounds of crimson .
<< be of interest good; flower perfect. clover from seed which cost
application of pine straw mulching to your readers. Plants $i per
such as our people don't know anything went into winter quarters in splendid Pride of Albany, will have to wait acre added twenty-four bushels to the
about-would have been more condition, and the outlook up till the another season to decide on its merits, corn crop. One dollar invested in
beneficial than such clean culture of the middle of January was one of great but to judge from this season, would nitrate of soda and used as topdressing : -
promise but from say that it is a good thing; season me- added six bushels to the
land? I know nothing of grape grow- that time until the corn crop.
ing, not having or wanting anything first of April we did not have over dium; fruit of good size and flavor; Hence in this case in $i invested
but the Scuppernong, but it seems tome three days of sunshine at any one plant healthy; flower pistillate. clover seed returned four times as
that the blazing sun shining dOwn time, with lots of rain. But, notwith- Regina, the latest berry on the much as $i invested in nitrate of soda.
with unbroken power on a clean surface standing the unfavorable condition of grounds; fruit of large size, splendid As to the relative amount of labor in-
with the lateral roots coming so the: weather for the development of the flavor; plant growth good; very pro volved, the sowing of the seed and the !

neir the top of the ground, must fruit, there was a fair crop of nice ber- ductive; blossom pistillate. broadcasting of the nitrate probably
have a tendency to scorch and wither ries. We commenced picking on March Smalley NO.6, plant a rank balance each other. Plowing down a

the life out of any plant that does not 8 and picked .!up to June 20, when, oh grower, sending out runners freely; green crop is doubtless far more costly
fruit
afford shade for at least a portion of its account of low prices, we stopped with of good size; productive; flower than plowing bare ground. This '.
own roots.I lots of fruit on the plants. pistillate. drawback may reduce the above named .;
have been told that these vines We hear on all sides the cry of too Wishing the F. F. & F. G. success, apparent gain by approximately 25 _;

jvere allowed to mature all the fruit many varieties, but that, I think, is a Yours, per cent.-U. S. Farmers' Bulletin _j.
they would every year they have been mistake, although sometimes we are Mobile Co.Ala. G. D. SMALLEY. No. 16. '
in bearing. I think in my reading on disappointed in some kind. But the .-.-. :
the subject I have seen that only two lesson we learn from that one,and the Crimson Clover As a Source of Roads, Guideboards, Etc.
or three bunches to the vine shouldbe pleasure that we derive from another Nitrates.As Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower

allowed to remain the first year, pays ten fold for the care bestowed on a source of nitrogen for fruit, I think what has been written ands
and only a few more the second, as the failure. field crops and vegetables it has given id upon the subject of good roads
the strength of a young vine is ex Cherokee, a splendid, very early highly satisfactory results, in some has been well written and said. But
hausted prematurely by too heavy berry, which continues in bearing a cases surpassing nitrate of soda. there is a matter closely in touch with
cropping, thus rendering them short long time; plant a strong, robust grower The following illustration of the result good roads. I would rather be on the
lived or poor bearers.I ; fruit medium to large; color very of using crimson clover for green right road, although it may not be
have been more explicit in my dark rich crimson; flavor good; productive manuring is from a recent report of the best one, than on the wrong one.
statements in this letter that your ; a splendid shipper; flower the Delaware Experiment Station: In many places in our thinly settled
Pennsylvania correspondent may have perfect. Seed of crimson clover costing $i pine woods country a stranger finds
whereof to consider and inquire before Rio, have fruited this'the past two per acre was sown in a corn field near two, three or four roads diverging,
setting a vineyard. F. B. C. seasons. One of the first to ripen Newark in 1891, immediately after the and no one near to make inquiry of.
Jackson, Co., Fla. .. fruit, of medium size; color glossy red, last cultivation of the crop. The In such a case many miles may be

I have just received a communication firm enough to carry well; produc clover passed out of blossom duringthe traveled only to find that the wrong
from tive; blossom perfect; plant healthy. first week of June, 1892. A test road has been traveled. I have made
a prominent
Putnam county, in this orange State growerof who Van Deman, this is a healthy, made at that time indicated that the several trips by wagon to the Gulf

writes: "My: grove should be a vigorous luxuriant grower; a great bearer of green crop then standing weighedeight Coast, about sixty-five miles, nearlyall
testimonial in favor of soft medium to large sized berries of good tons 600 pounds per acre. It the way through the pine woods.
phosphate, which fertilizer I have quality and color; one of the most was ploughed under on the 5th instant; At one time we came to a point where
for the productive; early medium; splendid Mastodon seed corn was planted on the road forked into two branches,
employed past two This
the years.the shipper; flower perfect. the 7th. An adjoining plat upon slightly divergent. We took a choice
despite drought, foliageof j
year
the orange trees has continuously) Nunan, too well known to need a which tomatoes had been grown i in of them, and after driving quite a.distance
retained its dark green color, and the description, one of the standards of 1891, and upon which no clover had l we drove up to a gate that
of fruit, when ingathered will which we are always sure of its doing been seeded for many years, was also opened into an orange grove. Wen <
crop ,
,
in all probability, be the largest thatI its duty; blossom perfect. planted with the same variety of cona were obliged to drive back at a loss of ]
have so far obtained from Bessie, a berry that has gained on the 7th instant. A portion of thiscorn i important time. T J
for my reputation second to none, and well 1 on the tomato plat was top-l Now all of this could have been j
grove.-Florida, August.
it deserves it, as it is one of the few dressed with nitrate of soda 100 saved if someone in the vicinity had \
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder that succeed in all kinds of soils and pounds per acre, costing $1. Thetomato pui up guideboards. When we see ;
World's Fair Highest Award. under adverse conditions.Iedium plat yielded twenty-four bush- what an easy matter it is to put up. -1


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 551

---- -

proper boards, why is it that all do not cient to last .from eight to twelve-
STRAWBERRY PLANTS. I
go at It at''once and place good, sub. fears without any further application. I

stantial guide boards at all places.near For a lesser period, of course, a smaller ;

their hoises? amount could be laid down. The

Mr. Editor, I trust you will get in- lime after being applied should be ,

terested h this matter and give emphasis well plowed in to a depth of from ,' I t

to \this important subject, whichit three to six inches, or if only the
demands.. smaller quantity is used with the intention '
1 : : : f'
I will now change the subject for I of a more frequent application 0 ; ; i- ; ; :- -

the present, and hope to have more I it can be laid on after ploughing and : ;

to say later upon the road question.I should be harrowed in with the seed.
the latter is not the best as n e
think it was about a year ago that a But plan a

party was endeavoring to get a boomon lime takes some time to produce its o I' 1

the mango seed. Now the same known effect upon the soil. It ought

party is booming. the Avocado pear.I therefore as a general rule, to be applied -

have no reason to doubt what he as long as possible before the,

says about the pear, but pear seed at I crop is sown. On the naked !fallow ,

sixty cents per dozen is not in hare when the ground is allowed to rest, or i I/
-
mony with the times. Then when on grass fields before breaking up.

the same party calls G. H. Pullmanan Lime alters the natural produce of

old hog, this shows character. Mr. the land by killing some kinds of n Y ,
1C
Pullman, who no doubt has some plants and favoring the growth of : .. it

faults, has been a greater blessing to others. Thus it destroys the plants
the poor than all of us Florida crackers which are natural to siliceous soils and, --- _
= -
put together. However, this moist and marshy places. It kills -=- -

party, I think, would only get one heath, moss and sour grasses and SEND FOR CATALOGUE TO

kick, as I suggest that Mr. P. would brings up a sweet,and tender herbage MELBOURNE, I
JOHN B. BEACH Indian River Nurseries
not wait for the other hick. I think which is greedily eaten and very .

writers for THE FARMER AND FRUIT nourishing to cattle. All fodder, -

GRqwER should be more careful how whether natural or artificial, is knownto Poultry.Edited South, and to state it mildly, 50 percent

they write. be more nourishing when grown of all chickens hatched die be-

LEVI RISINGER. upon land to which lime has been fore maturity with either one or the
by E.W.AMSDEN. Ormond,Fla.
-- .- abundantly J applied.A A. On sour or - ---- ..........- other of these diseases. The numberruns
Lime as Manure. benty grass the richest animal manure Roup and Sore Head. up in the tens of thousands in

produces little improvement until a this State, and we are certainly in .
Lime is the most valuable and most When I wrote my last communication -
dressing of lime has been laid on. need of aid from an experienced vet-
extensively used of all the mineral on the subject of roup, I anticipated -
Lime improves the quality of al erinary, who will determine what
substances that have ever been made a visit from an experienced
available in practical agriculture. It most every cultivated crop. The grainof veterinary to examine into and deter. causes the disease and supply a rem-
the corn crop has a thinner skin, edy. I trust our chief, Dr. Clute,
has with much reason been called the mine if possible if what we term sore
is heavier bushel, is a finer sample, will see the necessity of such an undertaking -
basis of all good husbandry, and deserves per head or wart disease is the result of
and yields more flour, while the flouris and come to the rescue of
therefore the serious form of
most attention roup or one roup as many
: of all practical farmers. It is the said to be richer in gluten. Pota poultry writers seem to think it is. poultrymen in Florida.E. .
toes from all soils are more agreeableto W. AMSDEN.
result of universal experience where- My anticipations, were realized the
the taste and more mealy after lime Ormond, Fla.,August 24.Sunflower.
ever agriculture has been advancedto first of this month and the Agricultural .
the state of an art that the presenceof has been applied-and this is especially College sent a Mr. A. W. Bitting, Seeds.
lime is useful the soil. the case in heavy and wet lands
to Not only an experienced veterinary from the The mammoth Russian sunflowerhas
is this fact deduced from the results of which lie still undrained. Turnipsare experiment station of Indiana.We .
but bud the
both in and one at top, which,
innumerable applications of this sub improved quantity furnished Mr. Bitting two sub
when half grown, turns upside down,
when lime is laid in
stance to land of every quality but it quaility on prepar- jects, one with sorehead and another which its
seeds
completely protects
is established also by a considerationof ing the ground for seed. Peas are with warts. After a microscopic examination from those little the
depredators, Eng-
more pleasant to the taste and
the known chemical compositionof grown he found the germs or
lish and the birds
yellow that
sparrow
soils which are naturally possessedof are said to be more easily made soft. bacteria in the two different from each are so fond of it. For this reason
unlike of Sorghum, sugar cane and crops of a and neither the
degrees fertiliity. I other was same as should
poultrymen plant nothing but
Thus sandy or siliceous soils are like nature are wonderfully prolific and found in roup. But in a letter received the mammoth Russian All
variety.
more or less barren if lime be absent. yield much better results after the since he returned to Lake City he who raise should have
of lime after the poultry a sup-
while the addition of this substance application especially says: "I am not so certain but that of sunflowers for their fowls which
ply
first after the lime has been ,
renders them susceptible of cultivation.So year ap they may be the same disease, the seat should begin to feed on them as soonas

also clay soils in which no lime can plied.To. of the attack being different, the pus the seeds are fully matured.
be detected often wind up, the liming of the landis cocci abundant in and
are at once changedin are so one may will four times
They produce as
their agricultural character by a the harbinger of health as well as have largely destroyed the disease
much nutriment for fowls to the square
of abundance. It salubrifies no less
sufficient liming. germs. There are several germs pres- acre as Indian corn, and are better
than it enriches the well cultivated
That lime is indispensable for the ent in both specimens, so that it is suited to the health of the fowls than
district. The lime the
. continuous successful cultivation of arrests noxious impossible to say which is the one any grain. Bend down.a few of the
effluvia which tend to rise
almost any,crops is proved by the fact soil certain moreor that causes the trouble." stalks a few times a week and let the
from
that the ash of the leaf and bulb of less every at Mr. Bitting says some germs can- fowls pick them out; it will be a good
of the and
the seasons year, decomposesthem live without air and advises the
potato or turnip, the grain and not healthy employment for them. In
straw of all corn-bearing plants, and or causes the elements to assume in use of common varnish-paint the addition to the supply of food they
combination
the and new forms of chemical with it exclude the air and
stems seeds of our grasses all head to offer afford shade from the
they a
contain a large proportion of lime, and which they no longer exert the same this may be a remedy-but he does heat in the summer which is very de
all of them attain the highest health injurious influence upon animal life.- not say that it will be effectual. Those sirable.

and luxuriance Prof. J. F. W. Johnston, F.R.S.S. fowls afflicted should it.
only,when lime is easily having try Single heads of the mammoth Russian -
procured by their roots. When limeis His visit determined one thing and sunflower measure from 16 to

not added either artificially or by Mr. George W. Olney, belongingto that is sore head or* wart disease is I 24 inches in diameter. The seeds

some natural process infertility must the New York World staff, and I not what we call roup. The bacteria fatten poultry and give them a bright,

gradually cnsue. compiler of the World Almanac, is that cause roup were not found in lustrous plumage, which indicates a

The quantity of lime which shouldbe down with his wife on his annual visit, either specimen examined, so in treat healthy condition. It is the most remarkably -

added to the soil entirely dependson dodging the hay fever, of which he is a ing either disease what are sold as productive food Known,and

circumstances. On light sandy victim. He is a guest of Mr. Vallette roup remedies will not be of any use can be raised cheaper than corn.. It

soils a dressing of from \y2 to 234 and he says that he not only finds our in either sore head or the wart dis is acknowledged to be an article of

tons per acre may be applied; but on summer climate as pleasant as that of ease. We regret very much that Mr. value wherever grown.-Poultry Bul-

heavy clay soils, especially where at New York, but that he enjoys immunity Bitting could not remain in the State letin.

all inclined to be swampy, from two from hay fever here, annual attacks for at least six months and study -- ..-.-

to four and even five tons may be from which he suffers in the Empire poultry diseases. The two diseases Guava wine is one of the admired

given. This quantity shguld be suffi .State.-Orlando Reporter. named are no doubt peculiar to the products of Chuluota.

,

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( ._ THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROCER.. j't

------ -
-
-
State News. Our Rural Home. reach. But even if she never attendsto : Awarded
this portion of their cultivation '
Honors World Fair.
Highest ;
....... -
.
-- the
woman who loves flowers will always
The orange crop in Lee county will Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. find something to do among -DR:
be larger and finer than ever known I St. Thomas Fla. them. Not long ago I read of a loverof

before.Tropical News. Home from School. flowers who had been accustomedto

The first man in Alachua attending to the requirements of a
county Now, here I am in the sweet old place-
who has shipped oranges this season Yes, little mother% I'm here to stay; gay parterre, being suddenly stricken
. is G. W. Hawthorn, of Orange Lane, Let me hold your hair against my face with blindness. She could no longercare
near Hawthorn. He shipped seven And kiss both cheeks in the dear old for her outdoor favorites, but by

boxes last Friday to Jesse Pitt &Co., way.Just look.at me hard-I'm well and strong sense of feeling she understood the CREAMMUAIIIN6I
; wants of her house and
of Philadelphia. These plants, busied
,oranges are Just feel my arms-They'll stand the
said to be fully ripe and of a delicious test; herself for hours with them, watering
flavor. Mr. Hawthorn says he will I'll go the kitchen where I belong; her geraniums and other flowers when (j
have oranges to ship at any season for You go the porch and rest. she found them dry, picking off the
Now. hear, little mother, you dear little withering leaves which she knew
the coming two years at least. These mother by
oranges were from October bloom.- Sit under the, porch and rest. delicate touch needed removing, and ;
Gainesvlle Sun. allowing no one else to attend to
I[ like my teachers, I like my books;; them.
The lower river and Dade county I had share of the
pranks and fun
my ; As I have said so much in this letter
must have had some friends on the But my heart came back to the sweet
home nooks about employment for invalids, I must A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. 1411
committees which framed the new tariff ,
from Ammonia Alum other adultenat
law, for while it reduces slightly the And rested with you when the day mention a young lady of whom I know. or any '_
40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
was done. She has been unable
to turn
over by
duty on oranges, it lays a duty of about I[ used to think what you had for tea; herself for seven or eight .
nor
fifty cents a crate on pineapples, and Just what you were doing and how years,
taxes all imported cocoanuts. The were dressed; you even to sit up, lies in a reclining chair, get heated through by day and take

duty on pineapples will not, however, And somehow or other it seemed to me yet during last winter and early springshe all night to cool off. Eleven;: year:i'
increase the price received by our You didn't take half enough rest. made (with the assistance of a residence in a Florida log house
as it tends to You shy little mother, you spry little younger sister who did the machine;: causes me to warn my friends."
growers, except preventa mother
glut'of the markets by West India I'm going,to have you rest.< stitching) ten dresses for the family The writer of the foregoing is so
fruit. It will, however, take twentyper and neighbors. Fortunately, she is thoroughly reliable that after his
cent. out of the returns of foreign Dear little mother, it brings the tears not dependent on her hands for her warning I dare not build a log house,
growers, and as their business is not You've Whenever planned I think for what I've let you do; support; but every want is anticipatedby for I am not hospitable enough to

too lucrative at present, it will tend to and years; my pleasure years loving friends, who are abundantlyable provide free lodging to so many
discourage them and give the entire It's time I planned a little for you. to supply every luxury she might insects.
market to our Indian river and Lake So drop that apron and smooth your hair; wish. Yet she cannot bear to be idle. So we must make a new start. Of
Worth -Titusville Advocate. Read,visit or knit-\yhat suits you best; Fancy work, of almost every description what shall we build our house,? The
growers. Lean back in your chair, let go your care ,has been her occupation for years, foundation must be sure and lasting,
That portion of Alachua county, You And really and truly rest. but she found she could "branch out" the walls thick, and there must be
neat little
through which the new Plant short mother, you sweet little and make herself
mother, more useful. An wide halls and large rooms with fire
cut.passes, between Archer and High Just take a soft chair and rest. energetic brain is never satisfied with places. There should be no paint on
Springs, is a new country, sparsely Selected. idle hands. Besides, it has been truly the outside, as it doest not stand dampair
settled, and until phosphate was-discovered said: and constantly needs renewing,
and the road built, it was en- Flower Culture for Recreation.I "Satan finds some mischief still and if the beautiful native woods are
tirely given over to the cow men. have wondered why women who For idle hands to do." used inside the house, only oil 'is re

Within the past six months Newber.ry are not strong enough for any laborious If any one thinks Florida a lotuslandof quired. If some one could suggest
from a pine forest, has grown into undertaking, yet whose time rest and sweet dreams only, he i is how to mak a rough brick with sand
the most prosperous village in West mistaken. Yet and cement that would be
hangs heavily on their hands, did not sadly work and recreation not costly
Alachua. Six months ago it had no occupy themselves more with the care may be mingled here as in no enough to entail a mortgage, I think
existence on the map, now it boasts of flowers. Even the few pot plants other State, and, in my opinion, sweet that might meet the requirements.When .
of three large stores, doing the most sitting on the veranda need some at- reward is always found for honest toil. plans are given it would be .

prosperous trade of any mercantile tention; and it may be made a delightful MINNIE G. MILLS. well to give approximate estimates of
houses in the county, two hotels, a occupation; a recreation for some .. cost, if not too much trouble, so that
number of residences, lumber on the one too weak to go out in the warm Don't Build a Log House. the home-seeker knows when the
ground for more houses, the finest danger limit is reached-Mr. Pierce's
sunshine to hoe and water plants, but For Our Rural Home.
depot on the Plant short cut road 'dreaded
who will find every day new attrac- Aunt Fanny's delicious bit of satirein mortgage. MARY.
and tributary to it the trade of six-
: teen phosphate mines tion in her flowers, once it is begun. her P. S. is better than all the watermelon ..

total of 625 men.-Ocala, employing Banner. a Each morning buds and blossoms will preserves in her kettles, no FOR DYSPEPSIA,
invite inspection and display charms matter how good they may be; and !Indigestion BROWN'S and Stomach IRON BITTERS.disorders,take
With the commencement of every: unseen yesterday.The her idea of open fireplaces is so sensi AD dealers keep it,SI per bottle. Genuine baa
fall or winter there is an influx of: yellow leaf of the geranium ble, that my house when built, shall trade-mark and crossed red lines on wrapper.

men to Florida in search of work. should be pulled off here, the plant have fire places with logs piled therein -.. .- .
The movement of people of means or turned round to the sun; the flowersof ready for the match. We learn that from Little Sarasota
those who own winter homes in this the delicate balsam are falling and Mr. Jud Pierce give valuable hints Pass more than 1,500 barrels of mul-
State begins then, and the workmen or some support is needed for it, also a which shall be remembered, but the let were caught, packed and shipped
the unemployed who hear so much vine requires a string here, and the crowing glory of his remarks, a very last year, not counting mullet shipped
about people going to Florida seem to scissors there; as they grow so rampant jewel of wisdom that shall survive the fresh on ice. The schools of mullet
infer that it is a good place for themto during the rainy season, that "wreck of matter and the crush of that pass into the bay at this are
visit also. The fact is, Florida is constant watchfulness is needed or worlds," is his quiet remark, "that a often very large. We are pass credibly
one of the worst States in the Unionfor there will be too much greenery, $10.00 log cabin paid for is a more informed that one haul of the seine
indigent, unskilled workmen who shutting out the glorious healthgivingsun. comfortable home than a $10,000.00residence last winter was estimated to number

depend upon their daily labor for a Trim them, prune them, cut off mortgaged.." I may say 3,500 mullet, from which 150-barrels
living. There are plenty of unskilled. every straggling branch of honeysuckle that when my house is built, it shall were packed. Occasionally even
laborers living in the State to do the wisteria or climbing rose, to let not be decorated by a mortgage. larger hauls occur, one we are told
work of that kind, and the small pop- in the fresh breeze. I'm a firm believer In a private letter a Florida friend was estimated to have been l large
ulation of Florida renders the chancesof in Florida sunshine and the writes: "Don't build a log house. enough to have packed barrels
securing work less than in the pop wind that roams at will among the It commences to settle before the roofis and it took 40 men with all 500 their nets,

ulous centers. Those who imagine lofty pines before it comes to us laden on, and never stops till death. It to inclose the fish, but they could not
that there is plenty of work to be had with the elixir of life. is a bedbug's safe retreat, a roach's clean and pack the catch, so, after
picking oranges during the winter Plants may be repotted by hands snug harbor, the mud-dauber's palacehouse sending word for every fisherman and
season also deceive themselves, as the too weak to handle a broom or dust the spider's happy hunting others to come for what they wanted
fruit growers prefer experienced handsto ing brush. The arm chair may be ground. The borers and ants run i they secured among them between 200
new comers, and many of them placed near the flower stand, the riot, and soft rot and dry rot confrontat and 250 barrels, and 'lifted the seine,
employ the same hands each year.- bucket of rich soil brought near and all points the unhappy occupant letting half the catch escape.-l\lana.
Crescent City Philosopher. everything necessary be placed'within Plaster will crack and fall off it wil tee Advocate.X52. .
1
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___ THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.: 55S'
---------
-- -

I MetaL A Successful Cellar. on the floor joists in the cellar 90; CYCLONE CORN SHELLER.

1'' For our Rural Home.I two feet from the bottom, 830.Ve

have finished the it to canned butter .Several Reasons Why You Should
just reading ar- use store goods, ,
Wheel II 'i Have One.
ticle on cellars. I dug one in 1882, etc. October butter keeps until July,

fVA ul'Wagons seven feet square and seven and a then gets oily but not rancid.J. I. It is cheap, simple and effective.
//
quarter feet deep (from floor) under WETHERBEE.. 2. It is fully warranted against

the north-west corner of the house. Fruitland,Aug. 20, 1194.J breaking or getting out of order by
> .
! We boarded up three sides and brickedthe any fair usage.
The season west side. The Cracker who Teaching a Girl to Swim.If 3. It takess less power to do the

forcutting promised to lay the brick did not at the seaside many a girl who same amount of work than any other
was never in the water before can machine of its size ever made.
corn fod- ___ "come to time, and being a Yank, I
der being concluded to try brick-laying for the quickly acquire this most graceful and 4. All the tools that are required to

close at first time. I wasted a little mortar, serviceable accomplishment by very adjust the machine is a small wrench.

hand, it and wore out a pair of buck-skin simple method.A 5. It has no springs or small partsto

well may be gloves, but the wall is to-day sound comfortable flannel bathing suit break loose or get out of order.
forfarmers
and solid. 1 and a strong armed brother or other 6. There is no time lost after you
to
i companion who swims well are the are through shelling by picking the
get a set of In 1887 and 1891 some of the
these low met: boards rotted and then I had a cave chief equipments for this practical. cobs out of the shelled corn, as theY

al wheels with in. In 1891 I bricked on the beginning.
wide tires. Theycan up Wade into the water until it is waist
south and east sides a little above the
be had size wanted from 20 to and brother to
any deep, your
soil (the house is set on blocks from
under
56 inches in diameter with tires from 1 about
one arm body
to inches wide. By having low wheels three to four feet high.) We then put your
the: waist line and place his other hand
enables you to bring the wagon box nailed pieces on the floor joists con-
down low, saving one man in loading necting with the brick, upon whichwe under your chin. Then lift your feet
fodder, etc. It is also very convenientfor nailed inch mesh wireto off the bottom and move your arms
loading and unloading manure, grain, one-quarter in a curve from face outward.
hogs, etc., and will save in labor alone keep out the rats, etc. The east Have bit of fear
never a you are
their cost in a very short time These ; side is on a quarter circle, on the 0
well face is of the
out
wheels are made of best material throughout west side we left out four of the top supported, your
and have every possible advantageover water, and you will feel your body
the high wooden wheels with narrow 2! ft. inside. lifted up by it as though. pushed from
tires, and will outlast a dozen of them. beneath.
There will also be no resetting of tires Now with and
your arms legs
and blacksmiths1 SI"tb
no
necessary consequently -
bills to pay. Wide tires save I stretched to their full length, make the
I"l'.<< '- first stroke. Draw hands to
your horses and prevent cutting up yojur your' up
fields. ...... chest the
your finger tips nearly

For further information, write The m.. touching, the palms turned out. Then machine takes the corn all off the-cob,
Empire Manufacturing: Co., Quincy, -
,
Ill., who will mail catalogue free upon CD& sweep your arms out in half-circles drops the corn in the box or'basket,
.
application.This. through the water until they stretchout takes the cob on around and throws it

quickly, the feet far apart. off at the back.

is a Good Sign. When your hands are drawn up 7. By a little practice with it you
George H. Stahl, of Quincy, Ill., man- chest knees be
ufacturer of the well-known Excelsior. against your your must can easily shell one bushel of ears in

Incubator, has found it necessary, owing simultaneously crooked to bring your about 4 minutes or less. The sheller

to the rapid growth of his business, 2 feet together, and arms and l legs pro- is small but will do the work of manya

to seek new and larger quarters where pelled through the 'water at the same larger machine.

his capacity will be equal to the increas- moment. 8. The spring can be adjusted to

ing demand. The new plant'will be five Go through these movements for at any tension required and can be loosened -
stories high, giving a floor space of 35,000 717 feet. ;
square feet. It will be thoroughly least ten minutes every day in the when not in use, thus avoidingany .

equipped with the latest appliances, operated water, having some one to hold you chance of its giving out.

by electricity, and capable of pro- up, and resting' for a bit every two or A sheller wrench accompanies every
ducing, if necessary, a hundred incuba- three minutes. machine.
tors a day. That there is a reason for
such a step as this during these dull By perhaps the fifth morning you Retail price $3.00. Given with the

times will be apparent to every thoughtful will be able to be in the water with paper one"year for 3.75, or as a pre-

reader. It means, on one hand, that only your chin in your brother's hand.! mium for three new subscribers at
the 'poultry business must be in a com- You are feeling by this time how $2.00 each.

paratively healthy condition; on the buoyant the water is, and you are
other hand, it reflects the greatest crediton
beginning to trust it.
Geo. H. Stahl and his business meth- THE
After you will feel yourself moving

ods.The Excelsior Incubator has grown bricks, leaving an air space 32x2 in along an inch or two, and any one's FLORIDA STATE -

from the mere germ of an idea to the ches. The entrance is by the bulk- forefinger lightly pressing up will keep .

most perfect apparatus of its kind possi- head, north. Bricks were left projecting your head above water. J .

ble to conceive. Perfect in every detail, from the sides of the bulk- About the tenth morning you will AGRICULTURALCOLLEGE Y:
automatic in operation, never failing in -
results; it offers possibilities to the enter- head for the steps to rest on. The be able to dispense with even a help-

prising poultry raiser which but a few top of the door rests on the house, the ing finger, and will swim a few feet at .

years ago were unthought of. The bottom on the top step and brick a time.

greatest percentage of eggs possible to work. The door is short and light, After that the old rule of practice Has a full in Faculty laboratories of able and Professors. Ghes Goad
hatch and the reduction in cost equipment Shops.
over ,old methods great makes the Excelsior I and being elevated sufficient for one's making perfect must be followed in Five Full Courses of Instruction. '

Incubator the best assistant that a poul-I head and boarded at the sides, it order that you may learn to swim

try raiser could possibly employ. An- keeps the steps dry and clean. twenty yards at a stretch, which is a THE THE AGRICULTURAL

other reason for the great success of the The house is on pine land which is fine feat for one's first summer in the ...4. MECHANICAL
: THE LATIN SCIENTIFIC
apparatus is its remarkable durabilityand slightly elevated: We never had 'a water. I THE WOMEN'S
the comparatively small at
price
which it is sold. Those who are now engaged drop of water in the cellar. To hasten your progress as a beginner THE BUSINESS

in poultry raising, and those who Last year I cemented the bottom try to remember and follow closely

are studying its possibilities as a source with Rosedale cement, and now it is these simple rules, the violation of GRANTS degrees full courses.of B. S.Young and A.,men B. to board gradu-in

of profit, will do well to send 6 cents to breaking up. When I use any cheap which greatly retards one's progress'': mess hall for f to per month. Young women
:Mr. Stahl for his catalogue. It contains boards with private families in town,f 10 to$15 a
much valuable information about incuba- cement again I'll quit business and When in the water never open your month. No tuition charged residents of Flori. .
turn ball I don't mouth. da. Next term begins OCTOBER 2. -
tors, brooders, and poultry raising in player. see any For Catalogue, giving full information, writeto
general. reason for a wet cellar if one builds ina Breath through your nose.

........ healthy locality; one can easily bank Never, when learning to swim, go in O. CLUTE, President.

The East Coast Line is putting in a up and keep the rain water out. water over your waist in depth. Lake City, Florida.SOUTHERN .

long side track at West Palm Beach The cellar is as dry or dryer than Never go with anybody but a per-

solely for the accommodation of private the house, where the windows are left son who knows how to swim, who is E'i UIT. TREB_ '. .
cars used or owned by hundredsof open nights; it is from 2 to 12 cool-- kind and cautious,'and'who would not FO"ORCHARDS.

people who contemplate more or er. To-day there is a cool west wind; play pranks or practical jokes. -
less extended visits to the Lake ne't on the east piazza at i p. m. the glass Never fail to go every morning Write for: Catalogue and price list.
JENNINGS' NURSERY CO.,
season.-Jmw Sun\ .- indicated ioo; on the west piazza-93; regularly. ; ThomaiYllle Ga. .



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554 THE, FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUITGROWER.TERMS .


OF SUBSCRIPTIONFor Government Railroads in Australia. long article in the Melbourne Argus Lemon SIzers.
One Year ...............................12.00 ,
For Six Months....................... ..... 1.00 given by the consul in his report: Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.oc:>> The following is a clipping from an I "A word may be required as to Can you give us the different sizes
ubscriptions in all cases cash in article in the Altrurian: "In Australia I American rates. No doubt we in Australia of the tangerine as their
advance. No discount allowed on one'sown orange per
can ride a distance of will never be able to obtain
you 1,000 ratesas
diameter? Also the
largest lemon
subscription(except in a club), but to ,
all a liberal cash commission will miles across the country for $6.50, low as those that prevail in the the diameter of it by its circular portion -

he awed on all subscriptions obtainedby first-class, too; while workingmen can United States, our conditions being ? SMITH BROS.

them. Write for terms. ride six miles for 2 cents, twelve miles radically different, but the extraordinary Brooklyn, N.Y.Tangeri'les.

To every new subscriber we will send, for 4 cents, thirty miles for 10 cents, thing is that the assertion should be of course, can be sized

postpaid tug in, ,Florida a copy of For Whitner's two new"Garden-sub-: etc., and railroad men receive 25 to persisted in that our Victoria rates are only in a ring sizer. They vary like

scribers, at $2.00, each we will send, 30 per cent more wages for eight lower than those that are charged in all other oranges, ranging from 200
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange hours' work than they are paid in this America. The force of mendacitycould up to 126.Lemons.

Culture." country for 10 hours' toil." scarcely further go. In one are still more intractablethan

Rates of advertising on application. Such statement are common in sense, there are no American rates to tangerines. They have to be
Remittances should be made by check,
American probably on There are a thousand and sized mostly the old fashioned
postal note. money ,order or registered newspapers, quote. one by pin-
letter to order of. the principle of the old Latin proverb: railways in America, and each line has sizer, which is, after all, the most .accurate

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER "Everything unknown is something its own schedule, and any fancy list in use, though very slow..;

Jacksonville, Fla. wonderful." can be prepared. The enquirer can There are two sizes generally used in

NOTICE The U. S. Consular Report for only deal with averages, and, taking packing Florida lemons. We have

August, 1894, contains an extremely averages, there is no doubt possible. not the exact measurements at hand,

If receive a of this interesting article oft The Railways ot The current number of the Fortnightly but the 250 in lemons is about equalto

you which you did copy not order, Australia, all of which in all the colonies Review is tolerably accessible to most the 150 in oranges, and 300 to 176
paper
"with the exception of one or and the has in
consider it an invitation to sub- people, enquirer out to oranges.
two lines, belong to the State." I open the article by Mr. J. S. Jeans on *-.-.
scribe. If do not want it
you In Australia there is one mile of the railway subject, and he will find Diseased Oranges.Mr. .

kindly hand it to a neighbor. railroad to 344 inhabitants: in Great the allegation that freights on the W. G. Manchester sends us

Britain one to 1,888, in the United United States lines are the lowest in some oranges which seem to indicate

CONTENTS. States one to 350. the world. Mr. Jeans adds: over-feeding, although he states that

GROVE AND ORCHARD Citrus Trifoliata; A Proportion of expenditure to re "There is no need for any contro- the trees are perfectly healthy. They
.............. ...
Practical Peeler
Making and Orange Applying Manure; Inarching 547
for Foot Rot; How to Color Lemons; No ; Queensland, 62.47 per cent.; out in the clearest possible light in the blotched with brown warts and rup-

Blight on the Coast;Thinning Fruit.... 548 i South Australia 63.56 per cent.; Vic- published accounts of the principal tured blisters; in places the peel is

THE,PINERY-The Pineapple-VIII........- 549 j toria, 63.23 per cent. American railways. The Pennsylvania chapped nearly through to the pulp.It .
THE The DeFnniak
VINEYARD Niagara at
Grapes on Clay............................; 549 Proportion of gross earnings to cap system may be taken as a typicalcase. is probably a result of the recent
FARMER AND TRUCKER Strawberries in 1 ital.i -New South Wales, 8.5 per cent; Over a large portion of this excessive heat and a soft, succulent

Source Southern of Alabama Nitrates;;Crimson Roads and Clover GuideBoards as a- (Queensland, 6.4 per cent; South Aus- vast system-the largest and most im- growth of the fruit.

........ .. .................. .. .. 55<> 1 tralia, 8.35 per cent; Victoria; 7.81 portant on the face of the globe under .--
Lime as Manure.................... ....... 551 ]per cent. one designation and control-the average Coffee for Bilious People.Dr. .
POULTRY and Sore Head Sunflower
Seed.-..Roup.......... .............;............ 551 Proportion of working expenses to ton-mile rate in 1890 was less than Samuel Elliott says of a number
OUR RURAL HOME-Home From School;
Flower Houses..Culture......... for.....Recreation...........;;.;. Log... 552 (cent, ; Queensland, '3.94 per cent; age ton mile rate for the whole of the pital: "We speedily found that pa-
A Successful Cellar; Teaching a Girl to South Australia, 5.36 per cent; Victo- system was three-tenths of a penny." tients in hospitals and all persons

Swim........ .......... .......... 553 1 ria, 4.94 per cent. "That is to say, that throughout this leading a sedentary life must avoid too

EDITOR.IAL-State Railroads in Crop Australia Report; ;The Government Orange Proportion of net earnings to capi-- great organization the average for concentrated food, content themselveswith

Peeler... .... ......... ...... 554 tal.-New South Wales, 3.48 per cent goods of all classes, first class goods, less variety, and drink abundantly -

Plea Markets for the; English California Markets.Fruit..Exchange...:.....:...; 555 Queensland, 2.36 per cent; South second class goods, and so on, was of dilutent fluids; that coffee acted

Weather and Crops........................ 556 Australia (on average miles open) 3.07 just over a farthing per ton per mile, upon the liver and was altogether the
"Sweet Muck"; A Vote for the West Coast; per cent; Victoria, (on average miles while in Victoria the average for all best remedy tor constipation and
Northern Grape Crop.................... 557 I what is called bilious
) 2.87 cent. classes would be like that
open per more 3d. per ton a condition;
. When to Use Phosphates ................. 558
9 Net earnings per mile.-New South per'mile; and it is obvious that wheat tea acted in precisely an opposite

Weather in Jacksonville.IlTjTTi. Wales, $2,565; Queensland, $610; and similar low-priced goods may be direction, namely, as an astringent;

South Australia, $1.125 ; Victoria, carried over the Pennsylvania lines at that not poppies, nor mandragora, nor

$1,835- rates which appear to us to be nomi- all the drowsy syrups of the East

DATB. : :! : Average receipts per passenger per nal." could bring the peace to a sufferer

mile in New South Wales, 1.26 cents. We see, therefore, from the statementof from malarial chill that would come
........
Aug.Aug.2r.22........ So 77 80 78 90 87 68 72 22 15 80 79 T.0.31 (No other colony given.) this Australian paper that in Victoria of strong coffee with a little lemon
Aug. 23......... 79 79 88 72 16* Sot o.io the second added that
in juice tea almost -
Aug. 24......... 80 74 93 71 22 82 1.70 AMERICAN RAILROADS. colony importance, ; strong was
Aug. 25........ 78 76 93 73 20 83 0.10 the average freight rate is 3d, or six a specific for neuralgia in its
...... From Poor's Manual of Railroadsfor
Aug. 26 78 80 94 73 21 84 T.
Ang,27........... 79 79 95 74 21 84 o.oo 1893, the highest authority i in cents, while in our South Atlantic simple uncomplicated form, 'while
- States it is only cent that is less turnips were found to be almost
0.93 ; spe-
.....
Mean 79 0 78 091.072019.082.0 2.12 America, we compile the following
*Total rainfall. T. Trace.E. figures, taking 2 the Middle than one cent. So, if the Australian cific in simpler types of rheumatism
group ,
R. DEMAIN, Observer. roads carry passengers at lower rates common to young men, where the
States, and group 4, the South Atlantic
States than the American, they abundantly only predisposing cause was exposure
as fairly of
State Crop Report. representative recoup themselves on freight rates. to the elements."

The crop report for July gives the extremes: Some recent experiments in Ger-
probable yield of most of the Florida Proportion of expenses to earnings. The Orange Peeler. many confirm the opinion of physicians -

crops, of which the following may be Middle States, 70.74 per cent; South See the engraving of the orange that the coffee which is an aid

noted: Corn 97 per cent., cane 100, Atlantic States, 70.89 per cent. peeler on the first page. To the to digestion must be an infusion, and

rice 98, tobacco 81, oranges 83, lem- Proportion of ret earnings to capi Florida orange grower this is an implement not boiled. For this particular reason
tal. Middle States
6.34 per cent.; of far thanit
ons 93, pineapples 129. The estimateon more significance the after-dinner coffee should alwaysbe
South Atlantic States
oranges seems to be too low. Take 3.88 per cent. is to the Northern apple grower. an infusion. The cafeine of coffee,
the seven principal orange counties, (For American roads we have to add A good peeler properly used may however, which is the element most
the dividends the interest
Alachua, Brevard, Lake, Marion, Or- paid on mean to many a man, now hangingon stimulating to travelers, is said to be
bonds to ascertain the
ange, Putnam and Volusia, ranging net earnings.) the ragged edge of discouragement drawn out by keeping the coffee at

from 80 in Alachua to 125 Brevard. Net earnings per mile.Middle and bankruptcy, the whole dif- I the boiling point for a few minutes.-
States $4,613 South Atlantic States I
and the average will be found to be ; ference between success and failure. Am. Cultivator.
$1,101. . .
The low in counties of
92. averages Average receipts per passenger per If the growers cannot get togetherand It is true that Florida has an over-
light production cannot reduce this
ten points.A mile.-Middle States, 1.88; South At stick together in some practical production and a glut of lumber, but

valuable feature is begun this lantic States, 2.21 cents. scheme of co-operation in marketing, it seems a hopeless attempt to try to

COMPARATIVE there will be 20,000 acres of orange reduce that, production by furnishing
month; that is the publication of the FREIGHT RATES.
: groves abandoned to the sand and the eight ballot-boxes for every precinct.
proceedings, and papers of the Jack- As there are no definite figures givenin
wind before five Let's have box for voter.
a
years. every
sonville of the State Horticul these Australian
meeting statistics, we can ... .-.-4
tural Society. only quote a few paragraphs from a Send us addresses for sample copies The country has touched bottom.


. .. ..... ,
.
1' ; .
": ,' : .
, ,. -;: ." :.-.r.'',::-", ): <" : -, .-"

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, THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 555.

. -

Plea for the California Fruit I
flarkets.
Exchange.A FERTILIZERS

well-known writesin
orange grower JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Aug. 31.
the Riverside Press: It has been

incorrectly .said that our friends who FRUITS Corrected AND by Marx PRODUCE.Bros. CHAPMAN & SUDLOW

have not signed the Exchange give no These are average quotations. Extra choice .
lots fetch above quotations, while '
prices top poor r
reasons. The large debtor class among lots sell lower. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. .
them that financial LemonsFla., ..... .... ..............i.ootoi.so Manufacturers of '
freely state em- U Messina............ ......._ 3.25
barrassment compels them to look Pineapples, crate,. .... ............-. 4.50 HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS.Gronnd .
Mangoes,crate ........ .... .... ..... 150
for spot cash. They know what they Limes,3-peckcrates .. ... .......... 1.25 I and Steamed Bone a Specialty. Caustic Soda and Flowers of Sulphur Al-
need and out because it cannot be Cocoanuts.... .......... ............. 4.00 ways on Hand. Every Kind of Raw Material at Current Rates.
stay 'Peanuts,best brand..... ............. .0410.05 Send for
-
Pamphlet
had inside. They choose to stay out Guavas,3-peck box ................... 50 to 75 on-
from Pears,bbl. ............................ ORANGE TREE, PINEAPPLE AND VEGETABLE FERTILIZERS. ....
to save themselves bankruptcy. .. Kieffer........................ 2.50
There is another element, represented '. Alligator, retail,each ..... .... .05 to.10
Grapes Catawba......... ........, ....
by at least one citizen of Canteloupesbbl ....................... 2.00 BROS.
who also knows what he Melons. .............. osto.io BURNETT
means, Noi them cabbage....... ............ .10 BARNETT ,
wants. This gentleman is understoodto Potatoes, ......... ................ 2.25
occasion Western potatoes 5 bbls.... ........ 2.20 BROS. 159 South Water St., Chicago,
say that on some former Onions,bbl.......... ................ 2.50
after the small fry had failed and Eggs,........ __............... ...... .20 FRUITS DEALERS IN FRUITS.

quit, he sold fish. He chooses to VEGETABLES. We respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables.We .

r stay out because no Exchange means Onions,Corrected Fla.,crate by...Davis.. ....&..Robinson.......i.oo to 1.25 are now making a specialty orORANGES

bankruptcy to the debtor class-those Yellow Yams, bush........ ......... .60
Sweet Potatoes, new.................. 50 to .60
same men who stay out to save them. Hubbard squash, bbl................. 1.50 ,
selves from it. After the small inter- Cauliflower, Fla.,each................
Lettuce, doz.,.. ....................... .25 and invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.
ests are destroyed, and their competition Squash,crate.......................... 1.00
have Celery, Kalamazoo............... .. 50 to.60
removed, he will a good EggPlants, bbl...................... 2.00 We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.
market, and so can afford to wait. Tomatoes............................. 1.50 to 2.00
. Green Corn,doz ..... ...... ........... .15
Now these two plans cannot both Sweet Pepper, bu., no demand....... .65 References, by permission-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,

be sound. One of them must fail. Okra, bu............ .... ............. .60 the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.
Cucumbers good,none..............
One of the two, it seems, has succeeded Cowpeas,shelled] ,peck.. .........:1... .50
the other Green Beans, crate.... ............. 1.00
. in former trials. On .. ... EUROPEAN FLORIDA
I Peas, none ............ .
hand no Exchange means no spot Newbeetswith to *sbarre1crate, ,none
Pumpkins, each..*,.................... .05 to .15 FOR
cash for the debtor. It also means Parsley,per doz.lynches ............. .20 MARKET ORANGES.Complete
that money will be so tight that cred Carrots,Fla., per aoz.bunches........ .25 to.30 .
Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .20 to.25
itors will be forced to foreclose who Pepper,hot,bushel, no demand...... .60
extensionof Sage, well cured lb...................... .15
could otherwise have given Lima Beans, shelled, qt............... -15 arrangements have been made to handle oranges In all of the
time to the debtor. In brief, most Hens........__................_u..... .28 to.33
Roosters.........-................._. .20to .25
of them could and would wait for him Broilers............................... .15 to.25 Fruit Centers: C V? E1.:1rOpe.:
to realize the Exchange be- Turkeys, per pound,gross.........._ .n
through Ducks.........--.......... ........... .35
cause the latter's'success would pre Geese...-.............._................ .35 September and October Shipments will pay handsomely. Write us.
> .-.
vent the stringency.One .

of the leading fruit commissionmen Will & Jones' Report. THE JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION CO.

in the State told the writer this August 20.-Pears, Bartlett, box. 2.00 .
to 2.25; half box, 75 to 90c; Beurre Hardy,

season that he knew of 11,000 acres box, 1.50 to 2.00; peaches, Crawford, poor President.
Tt1OS. 3. TOWfJS,
of vineyard in Fresno and near-by quality, 75c to 1.00: prunes, Gross, German -

counties that were to be abandoned.This and Fellenberg, 1.00 to 1.65; plums,

noted follows Egg, 1.25 to 1.50; Gold 1.25 to 1.35;
result it should be
Grapes, :Muscat and Fontainl lean, 65c to FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
the failure of several attempts to 1.25; sweet potatoes, 2.75 to 3.25; round,

perfect a marketing organization. It 1.85 to 2.25; bananas, 65c to 1.25; watermelons .

t also throws some light on "sellingfish. quality poor, 6.00 to 12.00; lem- .An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
." ons, 1.00 to 4.25; oranges, 4.00 to 4.50. best advantage.-AUTHOBI 1 ZED CAPITAL$300.(0))
August 21.-Pears, Bartlett, 2.25 to BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
i Many believe that the Exchangewill order. Write for price list and terms.
2.40; Beurre Hardy, 1.25 to 1.65; peaches,
do its work smaller basis -:OFFICERS :-
on a 1.25 to 1.35; prunes, Gross, 1.25 to 1.65.
than cent. Such do not realize bananas watermelons and ,GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-president.
90 Oranges, potatoes ALBERT M. IVES,Gen'l Mgr.and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
tHat all the signers are released, by unchanged. DIBECTOBS-Geo. B. Fairbanks,Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt
if August 22.-Pears, Bartlett, box, 1.65 Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hv Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
the terms of the contract, 90 per to 2.25 half box. 75 to 80c Beurre B. M. Baer. Duval CO.LA.; Brady Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson, Marion Co.:; C.V. Hlllyer
cent is not signed. Many of those ; ; Marion Co.; John M. Bryan., Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. 8.Moreman St.
Hardy, 1.20 to 1.60. Some Bartlett's Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
who have signed will not sign a smaller small and too ripe. Peaches, 95c to 1.25; Addressall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville,Fla. Stencils,

exchange, and "except these abide some wast ; plums, soft, 1.00 with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.

; in the ship ve cannot be saved !I" to 1.25. Watermelons developing some ----

But to get back to fish The writer strength as market cleans of poor quality English Mi\rkets. Grapes:-Demand for Denia still con-

remembers once strolling along the and weather more favorable; prices today From catalogue s forwarded by Mr. tinue active, and, as quality and condition -
6.00 to 15.00. Lemons and
oranges John Johnson of Liverpool, we are both fairly good, prices realized
shore of lake in Minnesota in spring. Nugent ,
a bananas unchanged. Grapes, Niagara, learn that the first important arrival of still prove satisfactory, 6s.to 9s.6d. being
The margin of the water was strewn 1.00 to 1.25 per crate; Moore's Early, 1.25 Brazilian has taken place obtained for black, and 4s. to 7s. 6 d. per
per
oranges
with enormous numbers of dead to 1.50 per crate; Delaware, 2.00 to 2.50 steamer Maranhense. Messrs. James barrel for green. With the advent of

# pickerel, whose white upturned bellies per crate; sweet potatoes, 1.75 to 3.00. Adam & Co., say: The first important Alm rias, we doubt if present values will
August 23, 24 and 25.-Heavy receiptsof be maintained Almeria the first of the
e were rocking on the waves and shining arrival of Brazilian was placed before our ,
California fruit combined with
poor season, consisting of 4000 barrels reachedus
quality generally being ,
; in the sun, and the buzzards ate quality, caused the market to weaken.We buyers yesterday but condition, indifferent. per "Nant Fracon," and, as qualityand
' fairly good, very
winter had such look for the first
; them. The caught some improvement Demand was active, and anything in condition on the whole were good,an
in the shallows where the water froze of the week. Pears, Bartlett, box, 2.00 to fairly sound condition freely taken at active demand was experienced, compe-

solid to the bottom. 85c; half box, 85 to 70c; Beurre Hardy, satisfactory range being from 3s. 9d. to tition being keen, and attractive parcels
1.25 to 95c; peaches, 1.25 to 50; prunes, eagerly sought after sales being made at
1 Now if we would avoid a freezeout I 14 B. per box. Only very few Naples on ,
Gross 1.50 to 1.00 Gold
; plums, Drop, i 6s.6d. to 11s. 9 d. barrel according
offer which did not, however, meet with per ,
: we shall do well to keep in the 1.25 to 1.00; oranges,4.50 to 4.00; lemons, to quality.
much attention at 8s. to 10s. case
f deep waters of the Exchange, where 4.00 to 1.50; bananas, 1.25 to 50c; Gem and 4s. 3d. to 5s., 6 d. per box. per Messrs. Keeling & Hunt sold 2,500 Antigua -

the commission buzzards also won't melons, 75 to 60c; watermelons, 15.00 to Lemons.-No fresh arrivals since our pines at 6 to 10 cents per pine.

8.00; grapes, crate, Niagara, 1.50 to 1.00; .. .
get us last, the few Naples offered consisting entirely .
Delaware 2.00 to 1.50 1.00 to
; Champion,
J. E. CUTTER. of unsold balances per "Zena" and Mr. M. H. of the
i 65c; sweet potatoes, 2.75 to 2.00; round Johnson, one
which there
"Tarifa for was practicallyno
potatoes, 2.25 to 2.00; peaches, Jersey, demand, whatever and sales were only most successful planters and dairymenin
,
basket 1.50 to l.00.-Will & Jones Buffalo
When Weary and Languid, possible at ruinously low rates, viz: 4s. 6 this county, is expecting an experi-

Use Hereford's Acid Phosphate, N. Y. *-+-* d. to 16s. 6d,the bulk being cleared below enced dairyman from Ohio. Upon

t When you are weary and languid with Director Clute has appointed Mr. 10s. per case. The "Athenian," with a his arrival Mr. Johnson will establisha

1 the heat of summer, and strive in vain to W. A. Marsh of Orlando, superintendent further 4000 cases has now arrived, and creamery and supply Tallahasseewith
cool and also the use ,we fear, unless the weather becomesmore
keep your temper cheese
of the experiment station at cottage daily.TaIlahas-
improvement
of Hereford's Acid Phosphate will .ma favorable for consumption, no

terially aid you. Fort Myers. in prices is probable. seean..



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556 THE (IXOBEDA :P'.A1WER'.AND FRUIT-GROWER.

i


WEATHER-.AND; CROPS".; not be deceived.- The following THEBEAUTIFUL 1

For Week Ending August 27. D HIGHLAND
The meteorological conditions duringthe nds of White Lead are still made by the Old Dutch"

week were nearly normal for the :\ process of slow corrosion. They are standard, and always' ROUTE. .
and ,
State. Throughout the western .
<' :
northern portions generally and at'places j *. :,
.'::"
in the central part of the peninsula there Strictly Pure White Lead :'-,f
'
was a considerable excess in rainfall, buta This Route,consisting of the

decided deficiency in the extreme .
southern portion made 'thA average for "ANCHOR" (Cincinnati). "RED SEAL" (St. Louis). FLACENTRAL
the State about normal. A deficiency of .'ECKSTEIN" (Cincinnati). KENTUCKY"' (Louisville). AND PENINSULAR
nearly two degrees temperature occurred 'SOUTHERN" (St. Louis and Chicago). "ATLANTIC" (New York). ,
in the extreme western portion, "COLLIER" (St. Louis). "JEWETT" (New York). AND THESOUTHERN

but slight excesses in other sections The recommendation of any of them to you by your merchant is
the to nor-
general average
brought up
II'al. Notwithstanding the frequent an evidence of his reliability, as he can sell you ready-mixed RAIL'YLate

showers, farmers were enabled to save a paints and bogus White Lead and make a larger profit. Many ( Richmond & Danville),
considerable quantity of hay during the short-sighted dealers do so.
week. The warm weather of the past and running through the uplands of South Carolina -
three weeks has caused cotton to open FOR COLORS.-National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead Tinting Colors, a one-pound can to a and the North Carolina and Vir-
and considerable picking is now 25-pound keg of Lead,and mix your own paints. Saves time and annoyance in matching shades, ginia Mountains and Valleys,
freely and insures the best paint that it is possible to put on wood. will be used by the
being done. The gathering in of corn is Send us a postal card and get our book on paints and color-card, free; it will probably
in progress. Growing crops, such as save you a good many dollars.

cane, rice, potatoes and peas are developing 990 101,& Broad a= uhYlU" NATIONAL LEAD CO., New York. Knights of Pythias
satisfactorily and reports concerning

oranges continue very favorable. The. L' _- -
first shipment of oranges of this year's
consisting of fifty boxes, went for- but showers in the interior and on the was actually dead, and a dull, persistent and their friends and the pubic,who em-
crop ward from Jacksonville on the 26th. east coast, in the vicinity of Jupiter were pain in its region kept me on the rack all brace the occasion of their
of benefit to there when I returned home. My liver
Taken as a whole, the week was a very great pineapple plants recently -
favorable one for the farmer and fruit- set out and they put the soil in faircondItion the time. In 1890 was reappointed Cir- Conclave in Washingtonto
for planting new fields. An cuit Judge, but it was impossible for me
grower.Western District.-Considerable, excess unusually large crop I of sweet potatoeshas to give attention to my duties. In 1891 I go North, at extremely low rates offering for
rainfall and a slight'deficiency in been planted in DeSoto County and went to the Silurian Spings, Waukeshaw, that occasion
temperature. Frequent thunderstormsand promises a heavy yield. The whole district Wis. I stayed there some time, but with-
showery weather interfered with would be benefitted by more rain. out improvement."Again $ .6o
and in some sections, seriously hinderedoutdoor Highest temperature; 96;lowest, 70; mean I returned home,this time feel-
work, but planters were enabled 83; normal, 83; average rainfall, 0.97; ing no hopes of recovery. The musclesof FOR THE ROUND TRIP
to gather a considerable quantity of cot- normal, 1,22 inches. E. R. Demain, my limbs were now reduced by atrophyto
ton in some counties. Crab grass and Director. mere strings. Sciatic pains torturedme Jacksonville to Washington and proportionately
clover are making fine hay. All growing Jacksonville,Fla. Aug. 28, 1894. terribly, but it was the disturbed con- from other points in the State. Tickets on
dition of my liver that was I felt gradually sale from August 23d to August aSth in-
rain for the
crops now have enough pres- cluive limited to Sept3oth. The-
ent and a 'week or two of dry weatheris Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder wearing my life away. Doctors gave Knights of Pythias train will
me all kinds of remedies had been leave by the F.
needed enable farmers_ to up Jacksonville
to get up World's Pair Highest Medal and Diploma. '
tried without avail and there noth- C. & P. August 26th, Sundayat4.30p. -
was
their hay and put' in'more time in the .. .m.anlv-
cotton fields. During a severe thunderstorm ing more for me to do but resign my life ing in Washingtonnext
at Pensacola on the 22d, a man to fate. eveningat
J A KENTUCKY MIRACLE.
and a cow were killed and several houses "I lingered on in this condition sus- 30 Our
_____ t -i tained almost entirely by stimulants un-
struck by lightning. Highest temperature -
92 lowest, 69;, mean, 80 normal, til April, 1893. One day John saw an RATE OPEN TO ALL!
,: ; ; ; Judge John M. Rice Tells how He account of'Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for .
81; average rainfall, 2.03. was Cured of Rheumatism. Pale'People in the Kentucky Post. This
Northern District.-Thunderstorms occurred and Tickets good on all trains
was something new, as one more
on every day of the week and : Crippled for Six Years With Sciatica in drug after so many others could not do going between August23d
showers on nearly every day, but they its Worst Form. He Expected to die so'much harm, John prevailed upon me
were generally very light; on the 24th but was Saved, in a Marvelous and 28th.
to try the Pink Pills. It was, I think, in
Manner.
heavy local l :rains fell. A remarkable the first week in May the pills arrived.
feature of the :week was the frequentmarnificent' (From the Covington,Ky., Post.) I remember I was"not expected to live

electrical displays. On sev- The Hon, John M. Rice, of Louisa, for more than three or four days at the
the sky was ablaze with Lawrence County, Kentucky, has for the time. The effect of the Pills, however, GRAND ARMY
zigzag and sheet lightning from great past two years retired from active life as was marvelous and I could soon eat
thunderheads in' both north and south, Criminal and Circuit Judge of the six- ; heartily, a thing I had not done for
reaching half way from the horizon to teenth Judicial District of Kentucky.He years. The liver began almost instanta-
the zenith. Two schooners in the riverat has for many years served his native neously to perform its functions and has OF THE
Jacksonville were struck by light- county and state in the legislature at done so ever since. Without doubt the
ning, one on 26th, the other on the 27th; Frankfort and at Washington, and until pills saved my life, and while I do not
damage slight.. Growing crops are flour- his retirement was a noted figure in political crave notoriety, I cannot refuse to testify .,. REPUBLIC
ishing. Oranges continue to look well, and Judicial, circles. The Judge I to their worth."
but are splitting in some groves. The is well known.throughout the state and The reporter called upon Mr. Hughes,
scuppernong grape crop is reported fine. possesses qualities which go to make a the Louisa 'druggist, who informed him RATES ALSO OPEN TO THE PUBLIC,
A season of dryer and cooler weather is Kentucky gentleman honored whereverhe that Dr. Williams' Pink Pills have been
now'needed'to enable'farmers to get in is known. very popular? since Judge Rice used Jaofcsoxxvillo
their forage crops and corn. Highest About six years.ago the bodily troubles them with such benefit. He mentioned
temperature, 95; lowest, 68;. mean, 81; which finally caused his retirement at a several who have found relief in their To
normal,.81; average rainfall, 1.42 inches; time when his mental faculties were in s
normal rainfall, 1.48 inches. the zenith of their strength, began their use.An analysis of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills Pi1:1sbu.rg:
Central District-; :-Parts of this district encroachment upon his naturally s rong for Pale People shows that they contain,
had.daily showers while other sections constitution. A few days ago a Kentucky in a condensed form, all the elements AND RETURN ,
report fair weather on from one to ,four Post reporter called upon Judge Rice, necessary to give new life and richnessto
days The showers, although not very who in the following words related. the the blood and restore shattered nerves. aft; 32. O
well distributed were timely as the recent history of the causes that led to his re- They are an unfailing. specific for such
dry weather had begun to ,affect vegetable tirement. "It is just about six yearssince diseases as locomotor ataxia, partial pa-
crops unfavorably and to materially I had an attack of rheumatism; ralysis, St. Vitus' dance, sciatica, neural- Tickets on Sale September 5th to Oth,
retard the preparation of ground for fall slight at first, but soon developing into gia, rheumatism, nervous headache, the good until September 25th.
gardens. Beggar. weed and crab grass Sciatic rheumatism, which began first after effects of la grippe, palpitation of Our route is through the Eastern Battle-
harvest is progressing favorably and quite with acute shooting pains in the hips, the heart, pale and' sallow complexions, fields.
a quantity of this forage has already been gradually extending downward to my all'forms' of weakness either in male or
saved in good condition. Orange' trees female, and all diseases resulting from Coaches the most Comfortable. Lightedby
are'thriving and the fruit, is filling out feet."My condition became so bad that I vitiated humors in the blood. Dr. Wil- Plntsch, Gas. ,

rapidly. Sweet potatoes are being mar eventually lost all power of my legs,'and liams' Pink Pills are sold by all dealers, Route incomparable for Beauty. of
keted freely and present indications then the liver, kidneys and bladder,'and, or will be sent post paid on receipt of Scenery. *
point to a large yield of this importantcrop. in fact, the whole system became de- price ((50 cents a box, or 6 boxes for$2.50 Quickest time.
Crops: generally have done well ranged. I tried the !treatment of many -they are never sold in bulk, or by the
in this section of the state and farmers, physicians, but, receiving no lasting ben- 100))' by addressing Dr. Williams' Medicine A. O. MacDONEI,
as a rule, seem satisfied with results. efit from them, I had recourse to patent Co., Schenectady, N. Y.
Highest temperature, 97; lowest 68; medicines, trying one kind after another Gen. Pass. Agent,
mean, 82;'normal, 81; average. rainfall, until I believe there were,none I had not
1.38; normal, 1.20 Inches sampled. If 'you feel weak N. S. PEXtf IXGTOtf,,

Southern District-There was a decid- "In.1888, attended by my son John, I and all, worn out takeBROWN'S Traffic Manager,
ed deficiency in'rainfall again this week went, to Hot Springs,.,Ark. I was not .
in,the southern portion of this section much benefited) by: some months stay IRON BITTERS Jacksonville, Fla.


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......"., ., r r THE FLORIDA- FARMER AND ::.FRUIT-GROWER. .__..x..55'1CHETPESTFND _'.___

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BEST. '

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Yk BELLEVIEW SOFT PHOSPHATE rv t

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AND COMPLETE FERTILIZER:
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,K;",. :I v" "
We offer fruit growers our high grade Phosphate, dried, ground and sacked f. o.b.cars at Belleview in carload lots of 12 tons or over at 85.OO PER TON, in less than carload, 80.0O PER TON.

.i ANALYSIS OF SOFT PHOSPHATE : j PHOSPHORIC "B *.PHOSPHATE LIME 48.83.


c CMPLETE :ErE RTI I: ZER. FOR 'IAPiPI4E S. .

ANALYSIS :-Phosphoric Acid,6 per cent.; Ammonia,4 per cent.; Potash,8 per cent. Price, f. o.b. cars at Belleview'22. O.
.:.; ,- 11.
# FRUIT AND VINE FOR :BEARING T RiI I; ,:
ANALYSIS:-Potash, 6 to 7 per cent.; Ammonia,3 to 4 per cent.; Phosphoric Add,8 per cent Price per ton f.o.b.cars at Belleview$25.00.


Our Soft Phosphate and Complete Fertilizer are each high grade and much cheaper at our prices than any Fertilizer sold in Florida.

t Put up in 200 pound sacks. Terms, cash with order. For testimonials, freight rates, etc., address .
' C. B. SMITH,
'
Jacksonville., Florida. General Manager.- >

,
"Sweet Muok." and the untoward condition of soil always provided one takes pains ,ther south than Manatee. But comparing *
I will give your readers a few of under which all the others had suc- enough.-Ft. Myers Press. Manatee with Island .Home,
Florida experiences. One, from cumbed to inevitable death. It had I ;which is much further north, the difference -
'
my te.;
been planted over the closed up pit "A Vote for West Coast." is yet 18 per cent. against the
{, his experience in the premises pre- where human that mixed
excrement Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: West Coast.
; sumed to, know, said to me, this is with sand, had accumulated for some Quoted from the South Florida JAS. H. :WHITE.
% the time to plant pumpkins and two months, had been buried. In- Journal in your issue of August nth, 1 m i
squashes. I,. queried, will they growon stead of fading out and disappearingas says of the West Coast as comparedwith The Northern Grape Crop. .
new ground. The response was, all the others had, this hill grew and the East that the,climate is more The Grape Belt quotes from a local
"Yes, easily over growing anythingthat produced, as its first crop, a fine equable. The object of the present statistics follows
may spring up over, defective smooth and healthy-looking pumpkinof writing is to challenge this statementas ; paper some as : -.
grubbing." With considerable laborI medium size. I carefully watched false. Not for the benefit of those The four grape sections that.supply
prepared (to plant 115 ,hills. I care- this, my sole crop, desiring to save its who have studied the subject for they three quarters of the fruit to th .States
,t fully prepared the hills, hoeing into seed for fall planting. Thinking that already know it to be false., But most east of the Kocky Mountains, can
them all the leaf mould and surface the time had come to gather it, 1, of the readers of the F. F. & F.-G.have ,now, with a reasonable degree of cer-
soil I could conveniently reach, and found it, like the political institutionsof not studied it and for their benefit I give tainty, be estimated. The following
enriching.witha small amount of com- the present-rotten, and that it the; result of a careful compilation of figures show the immense proportionsthat
post prepared by adding to fresh sta- might produce no more like itself, its the weather bureau records for 1893. the grape industry has attained in
ble manure, a small amount of oyster seed were rotten too. But the For comparisons I have selected the last few'years:
shell lime and wood ashes. I plantedthe vine, it now being the rainy four places, two on each side of Cleveland district, 1200 cars..
seed for the first time some time season, had entered upon greatly extended the; State in nearly the same latitude, Chautauqua 3000 '
in April. The plants promptly put growth, and the second crop Tampa on the Gulf,and Island Home Central N. Y. 2500 "
in an appearance, looking, at first, qudrupled, in number of fruits, the on Merritt's' Island, three miles south. Hudson Riv. 1500 "
fairly well. Soon the process of first one. But I noticed that there wasa east from Rockledge, also Manatee
dwindling began and in time, entire traitor in the camp" somewhere. and Jupiter. The aggregate of the Total l, 8200 "
extinction followed. I then put a Many of the luxuriant fronds were monthly range for the year is as fol- Each car contains on an average,
portion of fresh muck into each hill, only skeletons, but the authorsof lows : 3,000 baskets, which makes a total
in which I put a new installment of the vandalism were not apparent to Tampa, 423,1 Tampa 19 per cent.I. tor this year's crop of 24,600,000 baskets -
seed. This time I thought surely I a cursory search,..... and. I had time for Home, 356. }j greater. or 196,800,000, pounds.! The
J would, raise something, for I had on no other. un- my return from some value of this crop compared with last
k my way to the State, the. beginningof days' absence I visited my miniature Manatee, 481.1} Manatee 25 per cent year's prices will amount to the snug
February, heard a windy Chicago plantation again, when lo! the desolation Jupiter, 386. j the greater.In sum of 3444000. When it is taken
citizen who had invested in Flori- of it was complete, and the the case of Tampa and Island into account that the vineyards that
da lands, which he was coming to' vines were dead. A glance at the Home the range of temperature is 19 produce this crop do not contain buta
visit, say' all that one has to now,uncovered half grown pumpkins, percent. greater on the West Coast few acres over three townships, it
do to make Florida sands immeasur disclosed the workers of the ruin, I than on the East, and between Manatee will be seen at a glance the enormous
ably productive, was to coax them, gathered about the maturest fruit, into and Jupiter the range is 25 percent possibilities that can ,be concentrated:
with a handful of sweet muck. But whose yellow sides they were making greater on the West Coast. and made to produce such a large
alas for human calculations It did excavations to prolong their miserable 'If we compare the absolute range i amount of money, not only in grapes,
$ not turn out that way. The plants existence. Matured specimens of for'the year, it tells the same story. but in other fruits and vegetables.
came up stronger and more promisingthan the insects were about an eighth,of an Instead of "more equable," the West ,t *
before, but-this too was a promise inch long-bugs clad in sober quaker I Coast is much less than the East. ,Because my great grandfather put
to be ruthlessly broken, under the drab. I suppose, somewhat in the I The absolute range for the,year was the corn in one end of the bag and a
all-subduing power of old Sol, the state of mind, in which, during the : rock in the other end to balance it
king of day. The rainy season now past few years, tens of thousands of atTampa, 66; ) across the horse's back when he wentto
{ being about to set in, thought surely my fellow countrymen, sucked dry by Island Home, f>o. }f mill is,no reason that I should do
they will grow and bring forth fruit what Walter Scott, in Ivanhoe, calls so, and not let one half of the corn.
now, so I replanted half the plat that "bloated spider," the usurer, have than Tampa Island being Home..10 per cent. greater balance the other half. When every
again. Stronger than before, the gathered up the odds and ends, little man that lived ,in Polk county had a
young plants came up only in time to remnants that have been left to them Manatee, 71, )} herd of cattle and was in the woods
follow their predecessors, until all from his ravages. I too gathered: .up' Jupiter, 59.Manatee } looking after them all the time ft.
t were gone. No, not all; for there what was left from my many labors and ,exceeding that of Jupiterby probably was best to let the hog rung!*!
J was just one hill that remained anE consigned them to the pot. The cared 20 per cent. but that day:is past now. Not oIicj::in;
E grew and thrived, but the peculiarityof ful reader will observe that it will not This greater difference between ten have either cattle or hogs,but'.still:
I its location furnished the secret ol f do'to,say one cannot grow pumpkins Manatee and Jupiter is partly due to the old practice 'is kept up.-Bartow .
I its power to defy the king of day, ,and squash on new ground, in Florida, difference latitude, fag Jupiter is fur' Courier. -v:* ':

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558 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


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The 'JI1't .1:. CENT-A-WORD COL UMN.
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x" t. :I'v. '\" "' COMMON SENSE FRUIT CLIPPER.
TypicalTropical : \ -.,;.
.. :" :' ''' To insure insertion in this column, advertisements -
'" must be accompanied by the
.... .., ,i: .... .,.r v 'J I Advertisements must not exceed money.fifty words.

Topic.Traveling. ;,--t'- :'::;:.',; ).- :!'.. (-.' THRew away Two. = Postage Stamps received in payment.
Count every word,including name and address.
shears
: HANDED =
? ;: and clip your orv
Take : : anges and grapes,I .. -.L ... PINEAPPLE PLANTS.; -Abbaka, $10 per 100.

.. 2: r .. with God bey's +" : ._ _, _.... ;'. 818 per 100. Vangated
'
'"' Smooth cents each. F.
The : '- r.. Common Sense _':. >; ; Cayenne 50 J. Allen
: '; ,. Fruit Clipper; theonly I s- .<" PinecasUe, Florida. 9-1-2
Tropical' -
: clipper that
I.UowsloU to grasp>> finn STRAWBERRY PLANTS.d00 .-
Trunk ** '" l: ;
%, :i: >-< : t!. and clip the fruitwith ,UUU clouds and Nunans, for sale. R.
Line. ,. : .," $ ONE -HAND. Puddy, Lawtey, Fla. 8-1-4
d" It saves one- \
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Traffic .'" ,' PINEAPPLE PLANTS.-600 Egyptian Queens,
: of the saves one-half \ ,\ inches; 92.50 per hundred.

.Trends :.;, .. ;; ;,. It saves labor.expens- \\ Cash with order. Henry Beckwith, Merrit, Fla.it
'
Tidewardf..t; ::

Toward ''ijf..: } ,.:". on es.It a maybe glove or worn the % 'z = __ TROPICAL MELON PAPAWS-15 cents. Giant
::.' naked hand. 50and 75 cents each. Water Poppies
The .z. 15 cents. Water hyacinths 10 cents. Trades- .
i : It is not in the
-
-- cantia, four varieties for cents Exotic water
.: J in 25
'; 'Y way handlingoxes
Turbid lilies 25 cents. Dwarf POinciana 15 cents each.
\ baskets
...a ;n ladders. or -- Tropical Nurseries, H. G. Burnet, Supt. Avon
Twisting 1, It leaves one Park Fla- Itt

Tack ..,". ;' hand free to pull
down a limb, holda ''OR SALE lo-acre orange grove, at railroadcenter.
The basket or clingto 3,000 two-year old seedling grape
a ladder. It allows you to clip your fruit wherever it can be reached withone hand. fruit tree*, of excellent variety; average height
Trackless three feet; also one two-horse John Deere corn
EVERY CLIPPER WARRANTED. cultivator, for riding or walking; new. One
Tarpon Time Sent anywhere prepaid on receipt of Ji.oo. Send all orders to two-horse Acme harrow, and one-horse rake.
Any or all at half value. Address Box 27 Archer,
Takes. Tempts T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida. Fla.
D. L. FERGUSON, State Agent, Waldo.When 9-1-4
Test The
EGGS FOR FALL BREEDING.Orders
The Tardy now. Albert. Flies, St. Nicholas,
To Use Phosphates.Fall one of his cattle was butchered, he determined Fla. 8-25-2

Tale V To is the best time to use phosphates to make some experiments.With AVOCADO PEAR SEED.-cents per dozen,

The Tarry. for this mineral requires a his own hands he made the nec- express or by mail where'no apress-
state this. Wm. P. Neeld Pinellas, Fla.
; : 8-18-3
Types Tax great deal of moisture to make it pro essary tools, and with palmetto roots

Tell1; Thou duce its best effect. If a drought oc manufactured his tanning ooze. He STRAWBERRY. Good PLANTS strong FOR plants SALE, well-Noonan rooted.

Travel Thy curs just after phosphate is applied it said he was greatly surprised at the Good packing guaranteed. R. H. Smith Law-'

This Talent often does no good at all that season, strong tanning properties the palmetto tey, Fla. 8-18-4

and by next year it will be so lockedup developed. It met every requirementof TWO YEAR OLD LEMON BUDS.-aoc Two

Typical To-day in compounds with lime that the the best oak bark,. and the result is fruit year old Tangerines buds 2sc. Seedling grape
Lake
That 2oc. Region Nursery Co., Auburndale,
Thoroughfare crop can get but little of it. In a a perfect piece of leather.-Eustis Lake Fla. 8-18-5

Through Thrift drought this change of phosphate to Region.
ANTED-Beggar Weed seed,500 to 800 ,Ibs.
.The Tend insoluble conditions occurs very clean seed. Lowest bid gets the order., J..

Truly To quickly. A soil lull of humus or Mr. Geo. B. Usner, the well known B. Briggs, Winter Haven, Fla. 8-18-4

Tropical Thee vegetable matter generates carbonic- orange buyer, has been making a "P ARSON Sicily Lemon.-Best BROWN ORANGE"orange and and"Carney lemon

-f To-morrow. acid gas, and this helps to make the careful examination of the orange grown. Write for catalogue J. H. Turnley, '
Territory. "
The insoluble phosphate available.again.., crop of our county and thinks it quite ,I I xcelsior Nurseries, Lake Weir, Fla. 8-11-13 '

This is the reason why phosphate ,is good; he says the crop will be larger DRINK PURE 'WAT1 .-For circulars and

".' ':. I. ., .. Thoughtful so helpful on mucky soils, and does than is now estimated, owing to the address, McLean on the Bucket& Co.,Pump Conant and, Fla.Water Purifier 8-4-

TouristThanks little good on dry sand or gravel, fact that there is so much fruit of various FANCY
FOR PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Write to
." .',_.> where there is not only too little water sizes on the trees, some of i it L. Beeman Orlando, Fla. 7-28-10
;: ,:. being small and not noticeable.-
The ,but also a deficiency of vegetable yet GREEN
BOWLING ACADEMY, BOWLING
,
: Terse matter.-American Cultivator. Orlando Sentinel. VA.-Opens Sept. 7th. Thorough
J, equipment,' careful training,unequalled health
," Tutor Sheriff's Sale. resort record absolute freedom from hazing,
The raiders returned Arca- students uniformly successful. For Catalogue,
to
That cow UNDER and by virtue of an execution issued out address JOHN HART, M.A. U.of Va. 7.21.8
V dia Monday afternoon with 125 head Circuit Court in and for Duval County,
r r. '. Tells Fourth.Judicial Circuit of Florida, on the i6th FOR SALE.-16,000 orange, lemon and
:. of cattle of all sizes colors grape
sexes, day of August, 1892, in a certain cause therein uit trees. Write for catalogue and prices.
FI: The marks and brands. The raiders say pending wherein the II. B. Claflin Company, a All budded on sour stock. J. H. Turnley, "Ex
corporation under the laws of the State of New celsior Nurseries"vLake Weir, Fla.
Truth.
: that they could have brought 300, York is plaintiff'and Marcus Conant is defendant 7-7-20
r. The ,I have levied upon the following described TREES-At reduced
r but they had enough to convict the situate in Duval ORANGE greatly prices,
-; { property, County, Florida, twit o. .meet the hard times. W. H. Mann,
: Typical parties who changed the marks and : Mannville, Putnam Co., Fla. 7-7-7
J The northeast of lot
part one (i), in block one
r;' Trip defaced the brands. Some of the h), being fifty (so) feet on Ocean Street by oneundred FOR EXCHANGE.-Rott cuttings of the Giant
cattle were pitiful looking creatures, and five(I 05))feet on Washington Street (B.&inensis) for established plants
t: ; Thine The two water lots in front of lots one (d) and of Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta). Citrus trifolia-
; Via burned from shoulder to hip, in many eight ((8)). in block two ((2))being two hundred and ta seed for honey and peen-to peach seeds; J.
.: ; with ten ((210) feet front on Ocean Street, running L. NORMAND, Marksville. La.
', -'' The places apparently a frying pan. thence to the St. Johns River. The'southwest
:r. ,;.'J '.s The,cow'business in DeSoto county is half of lot one (i)) in block two ((2)). Lot eight
; ': .t : !" ( ) in block two ((2)). Lot two ((2)) in block three LOUISIANA GRASS.-Popalum( pUtycaule),
,. Tropical in a fearfully bad condition and un-. (S). Lot seventeen((17)) in block six. ((6)). All of grass in Florida for lawns or permanent -
Trunk which said lots are situated in the town of pasture Will grow where Bermuda
less is done to May-
something legitimate
does.
protect port, County of Duval, Florida and are numbered Can be planted any time of the year when
: : Line. owners, bloodshed will be the according to the map or'plan thereof.In ground is moist. Sets-25 cts. per 100, $1.50 per
,
.. 'result. and the A. Gay Grant: Section forty ((40)) town 1,000by mail. W H.Powers, Lawtcy, Fla. tf
Charges, counter chargesof ship two ((2)), south, range twenty-eight ((28)) east.
ror maps and particulars address, altering marks and brands and :Lots eleven (n), twelve ((12)) and fourteen ((14)), FOR SALE for cash,time or trade orange groves,
and the south part, containing twenty-five((25)) and timber lands. E. RUMLKY, Keuka.
G. D. ACKERLY, fraudulent recording at shipping: acres of lot eight ((8)), of section three(3)), town JfLa. g-tt-t6lFOR
points have been made for but ship two ((2)), south of range twenty-eight ((28))
GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT, years, east. Lots two ((2)). three ((3), four ((4)). six ((6)), ten CUTAWAY HARROW prices, address K.
nothing much to correct the evil. (10)) eleven ((11)), thirteen ((13)). fourteen ((14)) and .' Federal Point,Fla.,State Agent.
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, There is a big profit in cattle raising fifteen ((15)) o( section ten (10)), township two ((2)), IO-21-tf
Fla. south of range twenty-tight ((28) east. Lots
Jacksonville if the owner is protected in the peaceful seven ((7)) and two ((2)), (excepting fifteen ((15)) Agts Wanted for
acres of the southeast corner, deeded to Frank Striking for Life.
Guardian's Notice. ( ownership of his herds; but when Clayton), of section eleven((11)), township two ((2)), Labor's side of the labor question, by John
he has no protection in the courts and range twenty-eight ((28), east. Lots onei Swinton the Pillar of Light of labor movement.
AB guardian of the following minors, viz: C. E.Holgerson ( ) and six ((6)) of section fourteen ((14)), township Send IDC. for agent's outfit. Quick;large profits.
: Mary E. Holgerson, now Mary is afraid to take the law into his own two ((2)), south of range twenty-eight ((28)) east. Address
B. Rodriques, Laura Holgerson,Albert H. HoU hands there is little in Lets one(i), two ((2)), three((3)), seven ((7)), of sec NATIONAL PUBLISHING CO.,
gerson and Hardy nolgerson,I will, on the 3d very money tion twenty-five ((25)) townsnship ,two ((2)), southof Chicago, 111.
of at o'clock the business.-Arcadian. twenty-eight ((28)) east.
day September, 18941 10 a. m apply range -
to the County Judge of Duval County, Florida In the F. Richard Grant: Section thirty.nlneQ9)
,'at his office, in Jacksonville Florida, for an S4 ( ), township two (2)( ), south of range twenty- Messrs. Willis and J. W.: Peacock,
order to sell and convey all the right,title and W. H. Miller, of Seneca, had, on ex- eight ((28))east. And lot nine ((9)). of section three of Hawthorn, were in Gainesville
interest of the said minors to the following de- ((3)), township two ((2)) south of range twenty- yes-
hibition in this
scribed land, in Duval County, Florida, to-Wit : city a few days ago a eight((28)) east. terday. The latter has recently sold
.The south half of the north-east quarter and new product for Florida. It was two And I will sell the same to the highest bidder,, his drop for box
the west half of the south-east quarter of section for cash, in front of the court,house door in the orange $i ,per on the
30,township 2 south range 27.east., sides'of as good harness leather as one city of Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida, on trees. He will have about 700 boxes.

minors.To be sold for the use and benefit of said would want to see, and ,it was made hours Monday.of sale.' October ist. 1894' within the legal This is a big advance over last year,'

ZEPH HARRISON, by him at his home.., Mr. Miller is a NAPOLEON B. BROWARD when his oranges scarcely netted him
FloridaAugust
Sheriff
Duval .
Guardian. County,
August 4,I$$. fit!: tanner ,by trade, and last year, after aS, 1894. thirty cents per box.-Gainesville. Sun.. -



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SAVANNAH LINE.. The Clyde Steamship Co.


Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
NEW YORK CHUHliESTDM INN
j between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours. FldlllmlIdllES.The ( .


l magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap

1 OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston S. C,
both
ways : ,
(STANDARD TIME.)
Pa..a.Ke+ Ra3tea I From New York. From Jacksonville,

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion 1.43-50i; I (Pier 29,E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
Steerage$12.50. i Tuesday Aug." 28th,at 3 p m........."IROQUOIS".Sundap, Sept 2d, at 5: oam

t Jacksonville magnificent and Boston Steamships: Cabin of$27.00 this Company; Intermediate are appointed$21.00;to Excursion sail as follows$47.301: ; Steerage $14.25The I Tuesday Friday, Sept.a 31st 4thatspm, at3pm.AXGONQUIN..Thursday........"SEMINOI.E". .........Sunday, "" 6th 9th,,at at 12.00 9:00am: n'n
Friday
71h.at3Pm..IROQUOIS".Thursday.e 13th,at
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Monday. loth,at3 pm...... ..."CHEROKEE" .......Sunday, II 16th,at 5 3.30am:oo a m
(Central or 900 Meridian Time.) .. Wtdnesday..e 12th, at 3 p m........."YEMASSEE".........Tuesday. 18th,at 6:30 a m

Kansas City...... ........................................... .......Sunday Sept. 2, 7.00 a.m. Friday, *14, 14th,at 3 p m......... "ALGONQUIN".......Thursday, II 2oth,at 8.ooam
Nacoochee ..... ..... ................... ..... ................Tuesday, Sept 4:, 8 30 a. m. Monday. 17th.at 3 p m........J'SEMINOLE"..... .....Sunday.II 23d at II oo am
City of Augusta....................................................Friday Sept. 7, n.Soa.m. Wednesday, igth, at3 pm.........'. "IROQUOIS;" ........Tuesday, 25th,at ioopmjyo:
't City Birmingham.... ... .......................................Sunday, Sept. 9, 11.00 n'n Friday, '* 2ist, at 3 p m.. ...:.. 'CHEROKEE" ...... ..Thursday, 27th,at pm
Kansas City......................................... ...............Tuesday, Sept. ii, 3.oop.m. Monday, 24th, at:p m........ "YEMASSEE".........Sunday, 30th,at 5:oo am
Nacoochee .............................................. ... ..........Friday, Sept. 14, 5.00 a.m. Wednesday 26th,at3 pmt."ALGONQUIN..Tuesday, Oct. id, at 6:3o am
+ City of Augusta.............................................. .....Sunday, Sept. 16, 6.00 a.m. Friday, 28th,at 3 p in........."SEMINOLE". ........Thursday, 4th,at 8:00: a m
City of Birmingham.4..Tuesday) Sept. 18, 6.30p.m.
Kansas City...................... .... ........ ...................Friday, Sept.21, 9.30a. m. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Lines.
Nacoochee .................. ........... ............ ................Sunday, Sept. 23 ii 30 a.m.
City of Augusta ............................. .........................Tuesday, Sept. 25 2.oop.m. Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia calling at Charleston, S. C., south-
City of Birmingham.... ..........................................Friday, Sept. 28, 5.00 a. m. bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and 'Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
Kansas City.........................................................Sunday,' Sept.30, 6.ooa.m. :
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct:

Chattahoochee....................................................Thursday, Sept. 6, lo.ooa. m. Friday, September 28th.............................DEXA. WARE.................................Friday, October 5th
Tallahassee........ ..... ................................... .... .Thursday, Sept. 13 4.00p.m. Friday, October 5th... .WINY AH. ... ,Friday October 12th
.. .. ....
..
Chattahoochee................ ......................... .........Thursday, Sept. 20, 9.00 a. m. .Friday Friday,, October October 19th.12th..DHLAWARE...................WINYAH..Friday Friday,, October October 26th 19th>
Tallahassee..Thursday, ,
Sept.27 4.00. p m.
-
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.
S JC. JoJIN1IVEJ LINE.For .
t (This Ship does:NOT Carry Passengers.) _

Dessoug..........:...............__.................................Sunday Sept. 9, 12.00 n'n Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
j Dessoug..............................................................Wednesday Sept. 19, 7.30 a.m.
.. Dessoug................................................ .............Saturday, Sept. 29, 5.00p.m. the St. Johns Hiirer.

THESE P PALACE STEAMERS 9'
Steamer: : EVERGLADE
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah Florida & Western Railway
W.A.SHAW,
Capt.
Florida Central&Peninsular Railroad.
Through Bills of Lading,Tickets and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South Leaves JACKSONVILLE from foot of Laura Street, at 5.00 p. m.
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
R.L.WALKER,Agent C.G.ANDERSON Agent TUESDAYS and SATURDAYS, for
New Pier No.35,North River, New York. City Exchange Building.. Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston. PALATKA, SANFORD, ENTERPRISE, .
W. L.JAMES,Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.
W. H. RHETT, Gen'1'Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.J. And Intermediate Landings on the St. Johns River.
D. HASHAGEN Eastern Agent. Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y. Leaves SANFORD 5.00 and ENTERPRISE 5.30
J.L. ADAMS, Gen'l East.Agt. F.C. &P. R. R., A. DeW.SAMPSON General Agent, a. m., a. m.
353 Broadway. New York. 306 Washington st., Boston.
for JACKSONVILLE.General
AND THURSDAYS
J. P. BECKWITH General Agent, 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville. MONDAYS .
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass.Agent W. E.ARNOLD Gen.Trav. Pass. Agt. Passenger and Ticket Office,,88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.
A.J. COLE Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green New York.
x W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS. THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager Bowling Green,New York. '
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida: Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Pla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
I\ WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville, Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Genl Agents,

I k Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers 19 onth r),.lawar* Avenue.Philadelphia.. 5 "Bowline Green. N>TT Vn,...

I2a
1 'VV'E8T BAY ST., JA.CKSONVILLE, P'hA.I ACCLIMATED
75,00

I S We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of DEVON CATTLEAND


Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal, ORANGETREES. -


i Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.STATE BLACK ESSEX HOGSAre


AGENTS FOR PURE( GROUND BONE ALL STANDARD VARIETIES: the best for the far South;

BUDS ON SOUR AND SWEET STOCK.We .
k YggeFt-Illen Fertilizer Co. MILOH I OOWS.
NITRATE SODA, guarantee satisfaction and lowest .
prices. Special terms on large orders. Prompt

Star Brand Fertilizers, f MURIATE OF POTASH, shipments.Addres, Order early and get choice trees. Write for Circulars.

O. W. CONNER, Supt. ROSELAND PLANTATION .
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. K
i SULPHATE POTASH, Earle Rice & Davis Nurseries Tangerine, Or-
Bainbridge,Georgia.
Tree and \ ange County Flarida.LANDSCAPE.
Orange Vegetable r KAINIT Etc.
PERTILIZEE. :M. JlcLENN.&N,
4 CRIMSON CLOVER.
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. ,
Send for Catalogue free. GARDENER.Parks
NEW CR0P.Per .

= JOHN L. MARVIN, pound, postage paid 250.; ten pounds, express -
not paid, 12C.per pound; per bushel -
President.H. .
,Cemeteries and Private Places laid out and over.60 pounds, 650.

I T. BAYA. W. CONRAD, by contract or otherwise. No. 19 5th St.Springfield Full line of
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. .Jacksonville.

CAPITAlt $100,000.THOS.. A NICE LITTLE HOME FOR SALE.-on FIELI) ANDGA
Durkee Shell Road only two miles from
'
Court House. House has 4 rooms closet and ENSEEI
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK porch;lot 110x51. case ect. All taxes paid.
Will sell cheap for : Address MATT. G.
JOHNSON,Jacksonville, Fla. >S.
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
WITH STAN LEV'S SEND,FOR SPECIAL PRICE LIST.
Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and Geneva HING Corrugated Mte l Hinge.

They are Stronger,Handsomer L. CAMERON .
Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE and cost no more than the old ,
YOU R style. For sale by Hardware Seedsman.
Dealers generally but if not InDOOR
: INVITED. your vicinity write the Manu Jacksonville, Florida
facturers. Send for Biography

DII OTORt9 sr of a Yankee Hinge free. {SET[WELL MiGHIHERY*'*.
r John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin,
All kinds of tools, fortune for tne driller by astaff our
H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald, Adam.ntlneproceesCantake acore. Perfected Economic
*1 Artesian Pumping 'eto work by ftteaxn.Air.etc.
W. M. Davidson
Judge E. M. Randall C. B. ,
Rogers
Let WELLWOitK
BriUinCt us help T..u. THE AMERICAN *
TEE STANLEY WOBK8 New ,
Dr H. Robinson* John B. Hartrldge. Amror*, lll-j, CUcac. IlLj Dallas, Tex. '


,. ..
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.
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560 _._ .. .
--- THE FLORIDA FABMKR AND Url-GROWEE. -


E''. T. PAINE E&rABLItHED
-" ISTQ. J. o. PAINE




THE.. ." st, ; Y, PAINE FERTILIZER co.y

,
.
,: -. ,( '. J50: WEST BAY ST.- JACKSONVILLE, :FI.A.MASTERS 1 BROADWAY, NEW YORK, .N. Y..

'
and 'MANUFACTURERS, t FACTORY, WAREHOUSE AND WHARF: .
:. ( ,
EAST
JACKSONVILLE FLA. SOUTH BROOKLYN N..Y.
-- .
: .
..t. .' .. -,-;..
,. I r. .
::i ,: Do you wish toiIicr a.seyour: PROFITS From ::
50 .
to 500 cent ',
on
... per -
.
,1 .
; .
; I ._. /. ....
/ J1f!..:
FLORID I T ORANGE = .
TEND Y"SCET-1=rB'LE CROPSr" -? ; .:

.. .
.
:
J i .
'
Then READ CAREFULLY the new: pamphlet prepared by the above company for season of '94-95, which

gives+more valuable information than: other
( any publication in existence.
f. : !
A COMPLETE TREATISE on the most successful fertilization f
: of and
young bearing orange ,trees on pine

a' and. hammock. lands in Florida for INCREASED PROFITS. Sent free of charge. Address,

: "I'H: PAINE> FERTILIZER CO.,

No. 50 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.

.
NO. Parties WIshing to buy Potash Salts,Nitrate Soda;ete.,ex-veSsel at New York, will -
quantity desired. No sales- of less than- carload- iota from New York. find It to their interest to address our office at No. i Broadway, for quotations., A ways'state
J j 4
jI
I
.
CIRCULARS OF

USE ONLY FERTILIZER
SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain

Manufactured by the
a list and tioa'of the'Chofccst'and '
selected Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus ..
Family,which we have from over one hundred different varieties
,
in our extensive experience of seventeen years We carry, one of grown and tested by us

.The Largest-- Stocks of Citrus- Trees- in the United States. L B. Darling Fertilizer Go.

Send lfor clrculars.: Address js. 3BC. P I B RCe. ,
Sunset. Hill Lake Co FtA.
", ...
Lorenzo A. Wilson. W. G.'Toomer. OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. __


1 WILSON & TOOMER: :: NO. OTHERS GIVE EQUAL RESULTS.: ..-


'I TttB FHIZTIIaIZH1Z HOUSH Op P aO IDA." 'f '
0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.

sti
i
A FEW OF OUH SPECIHLiTIBS. No. 8 Bostwlck Block, Corner Bay and Main Streets
Send for Pocket Memoranda Book.

H. ,i J. BAKER &: BROS. COMPLETE MANURES FOR ORANGE TREES

AND VEGETABLES
.
.. ; v.', -

POTASH:Both: High and Low Grade always { [ 'b' ,i.,a,cfu"ff;:
r.
.
in stock, at lower prices than competi- :' ",..4; ,:. ,:1. ;. ,

tors who have it to arrive. 1
__________ ;-7;,
Green 'River Kentucky Tobacco s,
Stems Always oJi, N

--- Hand. .. .
: {" '...
-
Fine Ground Tobacco_ Stems
,
,. .. ,
Nitrate' of Soda. Cotton Seed Meal"r'" ':I < .J

) ....
Canada Hardwood Ashes Acid Phosphate "
.
..

--, Sublimed Flowers of Sulphur.' ,,, .: .:,:

BLOOD AND BONE. I !; .1

;. I c'" ','. .8s..
-A LARGE STOCK OP.FERTILIZER .- : ''{''''
j' The Fallow Land Plow.
MATERIALS
; Manufactured expressly for use in the light sandy lands of Florida. This
-AND-
plow excels in turning over and covering. weeds and trash in soft fallow land,

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS :which every farmer knows is not an easy task. Cuts ,eight inches,, light

98 Per Cent. Caustic Soda. Insecticide two-horse, steel point or cast point, steel landside and steel moldboard.
Material
Weighs fifty-one pounds. Retail price $7.50. Given with the paper one year

ALewAYd9. -- -OrT- JHUJVI. >. for $5.50, or as a premium for four new subscribers at $2.00 each.


LOW PRICES. WRITE\ FOR PRICES S and ANALYSIS: QCICK! S UPM iT.WIlsO Dandy Garden Plow:

This'Plow is constructed almost entirely of iron; is very strong;durable and
Tob light, weighing only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of light draft.yet
't very
/-... ,'!. { & E. The use of this implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable. With it a
; .' man can do a man's work and half the.work of horse We furnish ,with this' '
: -:. i' TttB pfZTIIaIZH1 HOUSE,,OF, f1l: $IDH.". ._ -' plow a sweep.and_a turn-shovel as well as the bull tongue shown in the cut.: Manufacturer'
,
.j >i,pnee. 500. Price with this paper,$4.00,or given '
'. laokoriVine, F1a. as a premium for
...,. three new subscribers at 12.00 each. ,.
'4.... ... .r
'. ,.
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