Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00041
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: August 18, 1894
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00041
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text


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t 8. Powers, Publisher and Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.. AUGUST 18, 1894. Whole No. 1332 Vol NEW SERIES.No 33

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Qeo. S. Hacker & Son, W. C. WILL. ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F.JONES. W. L. DOUCLAS

.c. -- --,,-.' $5. CORDOVAN,

:58 A; 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 ttt; 123 MICHIGAN ST., L flNECAlf&KANGAmIl
"It. mtQ BUFFALO, N. Y. =T $3.5P POLICE.3 SOLES.

,, -a '- J.$2.WORKINGMENS

c =- 1 : .. $ $2.. -, '

'C "
?pI a. invited and stencils furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted at :?: : ;',W' "".50'2 q 75'-
'- all $g! NcoEq
I o principal shipping points BESD
:f :::><'" .
C First National Bank of Fla, Bank Buffalo Dun's and Bradstreet's
Jacksonville, Commerce, N. Y. W*DOUGLAS,
-" ---, .. Agencies. .

And Building Material.CHARLESTON You Wi can L.save Douglas money 83.00 by wearing Shoe. tho

Queen City Fruit Auction Co. Because we are the largest manufacturers of

S. C. this grade of shoes in the world,and guarantee their
a by stamping the name and price on the
. I bottom,which protect you against high prices and
BUFFALO, NEW YORK. the middleman's profits: Our shoes equal custom
\\si REFERENCES:-Bank Commerce, Buffalo ,-'N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's Agencies. work in style, easy fitting and wearing-qualities.-
We have them sold everywhere lower prices for
Fraudnk3FruitWrappers. the value given than any other make. *Take no sub

FOR_ ,: .PRODUCTION AND PROFIT. Btltute.= : If- your J"'r'dealer,,_ ..cannot. ...supply-'_-. you..' ..,we can.

7 NO MORE CHEATING.. i Buy Trees' of.Well-known' ,.R e I cable,Ten years tested MONEY Tfl I.U'.LO14NOOioI.OOO.yeah I from for 6

at 6 per cent interest No pmjmeoti of any kind
required until application for a loan ha been ,rante.!.
SECURITY REQUIRED..Bealeitate,home*,.toruI&OCk.,
Consumers of Fruit bonds,jewelry, household goods<< furniture, merchandise,
Wrappers O GLEN MARY
{p may 81 NURSERIEs1 0 bori -.caUle.11 y,.&ock.farmlnllmp 1emen uand machinery
i, now know that they get an honest ream f all kinds,or any otherpropertr,rial or per tonal,of VOM;
,- or a note endorsed by person worth amount of money borrowed
of 480 sheets and ;
not 400 or 320 sheetsto SATSUMA ORANGES, hardy and early. PECANS- beat PaperSheU'arldy.. CAMPHOR TREES.- ;will be accepted as security. Don't kttitati to write
ream as some unscrupulous dealers PEARS, all kinds, Immense stock. WALNUTS,Eng.,Japan A California. TEXAS UMBRELLA. and ask frw.' Loan. Address,MUTUAL SAVINGS AND
LOAN CO. Tenth and Walnut Streets Philadelphia.Pa.
supply. PEACHES, 60 varieties, new and old. CHESTNUTS,Japan Mammoth,nne. OREVILLEA ROBUSTA. ;
5I OUR "FAIR GRAPES good supply, all leading kinds. POMEGRANATES. ROSES,,BO varieties Bradley Redfleld. Eugene B. B dJUld.
AND SQUARE"Printed .. Other kinds-lots of(hem-write for what you want. ESTABLISHED 187!.
FREE: Specimens of fruit in season; and our experience and Information as to adaptability t< REDFIELD & SON
Wrappers are put up in packages your locality, worth much more. For instance,we have discarded one variety of which we shipped ,
400 bushels 1887 and this but one of the hundreds of varieties tested. We have built our reputationon
! of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is fine stock-some say the finest. An Ex-Governor of Fla. writes: "They are hearties.so admirably Commission MerchantsAND
numbered, in printing, consecutively packed as to shame a novice, and even many who pretend to be experts." Prompt and careful
attention to correspondence. Prices reasonable. catalogue free. ,.... _
.from 1 to 1000. No one can !' -
Gr. I- T1 BER. Clen' St Mary," Fla.
Fruit Auctioneers
4fr & 14.'X>ocJc Street,,Philadelphia, Pa.

t jot; prices. Send for p LOo ? + Is by far the best time to plant all manner of We handle all.kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
our and -
prices' Tropical Fruit Plants and Shrubs; ,also, Orange'' and', either at private sale(which has heretofore been
if. to i n Lemon Trees, etc., Palms, boos, Grasses, our custom)or by the auction system (recently
Aquatics, etc.etc added toour business; )as you may de ire.

THE JERSEY CITY PRI-NTINGCO. 0 J We have them, in the greatest assortment in Florida or the South in -
T; h J admirable condition for setting at any time ,By planting now you can get
t JERSEY CITY, N. J. r ,. a good growth and avoid loss by drouth or cold next winter. Send at.once
',1. A a for our latest catalogue and manual: Illustrated and priced.
; N. B.- We do not deal in -
__ : imprinted :IMMENSE: : ci'TOOK :FAIR PRICES.

wrappers. Established 1883.REASOJTER.

Y BROS., Oneco, Fla. -- ,. .

... '. I BARGAIN

In Some parts of the country, at least, that:THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE or no not popular with sensible.
12 Don't Lose Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY;not :only the Earliest,but Best farmers." Those who look only at prosperous first cost
y ana nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow try'to feel as' happy as the possessor of a
for sale by genuine coiled prlng. One such writes In
Heart C. A. BOONE, Agent. an agricultural paper that "although the
cattle can push the wires out of the slot, yet
Semi-Tropical Nurseries Orlando, Fta.EGO they seldom do It." Very Important that one
PLANT FERRY'S SEEDS has conscientious cattle when the safety of
: this year;and make up for lost tUna i his their will.
depends on good And how
Fcrry'8 Seed Annual for 1894 willj PL about the stock:and
give you many valuable hints, NT neighbors' "tramp"cows?
1 about what to raise and howto PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich.
raise It. contains Inform Large Purple>> Thornless is the best variety Northern markets. It, is pure, it Is of
' don.source.to be bad Free from to no alL ot fine color,it is a good bearer,it is free from streaked fruit, it will give satisfactory results. FRUIT 'rREF.S.SQUTHERNTJCHARDS..

,.' kD.M.Ferry tC
Detroit Pound, $6.00 by mail,postpaid. .
,. Mich.t .... #I. I
Write for Catalogue and price list.

f 'r-::, Catalogue free on application. I n te r l lac hen, Florida.I Thomas vllle, Ga.r .



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Numerous tests have conclusively demonstrated that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes(white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can, how-
ever,be more effectively reached while in the egg,larva and pupa states. It is now in those states, but will commence hatching fly about the middle of June:

:Now is the Tirr1e: to App1y. I

It is also fatal to the Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs,and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods :, ,._-: :'
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THE OLD R2&IABIIt. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it. .'. %. ".:<.. .

S U L P H ,U R. .::; 1

Single barrels,ton or in car lots. '. -i:::4.e"ti

SPRAYING MAC H I1 TE 1 Y.In .' ': i ;.

Great variety at manufacturers'prices. "/>

A splendid appliance for groves at are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost of using insecticides. Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and wire bound. ,.:, ; '.
BANGOR BOX SIDES. ;-":.":%: ;i

Cargo will arrive in June. Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates_and other growers supplies- :"-c:

... rate for transporting' Insecticides has been reduced from 6th class to class "K." A reduction of more than 50 per cent. .. _.;' x

E. BEAN ::; (

; Correspondence solicited. Y

Waycross Wharf Jacksonville. Fla.


Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement:
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.
It has never yet been Adulterated, or ,Diluted In any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as
other Insecticides have been throughout the State,

But is always uniform in i strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayedonthe ;
trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.
As'sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as.Tar Emulsion, whichis
very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow
Spider), and ,used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever-used. .
We have'tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and:know whereof we speak. .,:v
.These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange; growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. ..,', ,

References and general directions for using furnished on application. .; ._
Write for a

;4"" McMASTEK & MILLER, ,';

. San Mateo, Fla.

FERTI .,IZERS Orange Trees '

Actually and Honestly .Made from Animal Bone.


This is a Guaranteed Fact.

Standard Guano & Chemical M'f' 'g Co. The Old Reliable_Buckeye Nurseries. ,

No. H Union St., New Orleans, La. I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va ....
rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardi F and Jaffa m two-year buds, from five
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.Write to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's: hard timeS,and propose to eell at' i
for Almanac,Prices etc. Jacksonville, Fla. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange. 1
Write for prices. 1
W,H.MiCHAEL. 'Established 1868. A.W.MICHAEL M.E. GILLETT, Prep., '

Weirsdale,FIa.POT"f"'rSH .*
i : F0R. .
,Milwaukee Florida Opaqge Go. ,FERTILIZING =
Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood. Use only- .":
for sale at all times.
Our stock is large and complete.For Catalogue PROMPT and Price-List ATTENTION,address TO CORRESPONDENCE. Fertilizers Containing Over 10 Per Cent of Potash.

Information and free.GERMAN '1
A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Ma KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street,!New York City. 1J 1-:

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The General Manager has selected charges will be in accordance with of attraction in its outward appear-

---....,-.. DeLand as the point where the first the well-known policy -of the Exchange ance. Strong and solid in its found-
FLORIDA" FRUIT EXCHANGE. house shall be built, for the reason of the lowest possible, that will ation, floors and framework it has to

} its situation in the center of a very afford protection against losses, wear be, to support the immense weight of
First of Its- Series of Packing- large and rapidly increasing orange I and tear and a small interest on in- material which it will carry at all

Houses. I production.The vestment. The house will also be times and its heavy iron roof. A

For a long time the managemant of packing house will be very used as a storage and sales house for covered platform 10 x 80 feet, where

the Florida ,Fruit Exchange have desired large and first class in respect to all material to be handled under the same three cars can load or unload at a

to build and maintain in the various its appointments, and after the first policy. time, meets the siding, thus preventingany

: fruit-growing centres a series of year if the business warrants, it will J The house is situated on the De- exposure to the weather. And

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' packing houses, not only for the benefit be run by steam power. For this Land branch of the J. T. & K. W. last but by no 'means least, along the

of patrons but that a step might be year, however, hand power alone will R. R., with a double end siding whole length of the red roof on both
taken in the direction of establishing a be used.It capable of holding at once six cars sides will be announced to the worldin

uniform standard of packing throughout is the intention to use nothing running the whole length ,of a lot 305x large white letters that the Florida

the orange growing section of the but the best material, Bangor and the 198 feet. The building as at present Fruit Exchange has taken one more

State. 'They have never seen their way finest pine sides, solid heads of pineor planned is capable of extensionand step and a very important one on its

to this until this year, when by the sale spruce, and sawed or split birch is 60 x 120 feet. While the mission in the interest of the growersof

of a large amount of stock they find hoops. No inferior work or material purpose of its architect and builder, Florida.

themselves in position to make a beginning. will be used f.r any one or at any J. P. Mace, of Lake Helen, was to fit Inside the building is divided, one

price; and at the same time the the case, still. it is not without points end being for storage of material, the

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other for reception, sorting, packingand half we have turned attention
Grove Orchard. our to communication with the consumers
shipping of fruit while the second
the avocado The is ..
pear. tree hearerlike than does the manufacturer, and he is
story will be devoted entirely to storage
of As to Gauges of Pear Blight. a magnolia than anything else. usually acquainted with, and well
grading hoops will and be paper.done from the sortingand Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: Several times a year it puts out a known to,. all the individuals in, his
field new growth, the young foliage is red- .
package, and not at the sizer. The In' your issue of August 4th, is an dish like the community.There
latter will be the Ayer's round sizer article by H. M. Stringfellow on Pear purple mango and this is, however, a great responsibility
Culture in Texas in which he showing against the rich glossy greenof resting on all dealers who handle
for the main work, with two or three pre- the older is
foliage very pretty and fertilizers. They'do not make themselves
of the lots scribes, other things as a
straight pattern for small as among pre-
ventive for blight the at a distance to a stranger it is often fully'acquainted. with the business
they come in. pear plantingof
taken for bloom.
sized the trees on low and the in which they are engaged. While
The fruit as will run into bins ground .
putting of the orchard to after The tree is a rapid grower and being capable of. making quick sales,
below the
floor., From, here as grass
flourishes wherever it is fed. Like ,
yet they sell goods, of which 3
packed the boxes will be raised by the fourth or fifth year. I read with they are
the mango, it does not encroach or not able to explain, and of which
much interest whatever Mr. no
lifts to the floor or the car side after Stringfel- ,
i impoverish the orange,so we put them estimate be fa?
proper can given
low has so as
the covers are put on, there stenciled to say about the pear, for i in between the
orange trees and about the value is concerned.It .
that line of fruit he is of the
and put at once into the car. one most
yard where shade is desirable.
The interior will be fitted to expedite successful orchardists in the country. bear in five I is a duty on the part.of dealersto
Usually six
good work and all labor saving But,, I think he is in error in attributing they or years. make themselves familiar with all
Ice must form half inch
an at
devices tending to 1 this end and not his exemption from blight eitherto before killed substances that enter into".the'compo-
: low ground or to the orchard they are by cold. They sition of fertilizers; When
injurious to the..fruit,,. will be used. being have never been hurt but here ,( a customer -
Great care will be exercised in sorting in grass. On the "flats" back of and that in once desires some special ,fertilizer,,,.the
1886 the
was memorableyear.
and Mobile-the market garden district- I dealer should be sufficiently informed
grading, and the lots as they go The fruit is sometimes
out will be as uniform as it is possibleto the trees are mostly dead or dying a long in his business to 'give assistance and

make them. The lighting and from blight. The l land varies fromlow pear shape,and may be green or pur- enable the customer'to' buy at the best
ple. We have a variety that is
ventilating facilities arid hammock to reclaimed advantage. It will not answer} to.
are ample, a swamp. round but in there is sell
quality no notice-
Most of the trees in a fertilizer and have the '
are customer disappointed
large chimney goes up in the center grass, some able difference attributable kind. -
of cultivated fields. Is it to for a loss due to such cause
the building; and it is proposed to not, more The rich
try the experiment on the keeping probable that Mr. String fellow's varies little oily quality and nutty flavor can never be recovered. When the

exemption from blight from his a ,tracable to season or con- crop fails because of insufficient
qualities of the orange in damp and comes dition of the tree. There or
muggy weather of maintaining a fire liberal use of a potash fertilizer, or to cial instructions are no spe disproportionate plant food, the wholeyear's
as to culture etc. !
both day and night. root pruning, or to some unmentionedcause The seed should be work of the customer gone,
planted where the
The office in the south centre of the possibly local? Certainly he is and he is reduced in circumstances,
mentioned the in tree to grow, as they are of all trees Loses faith in all fertilizers and
building will be both bright"and com mowing grass the the most difficult to drops
fortable. The condition of the tradeat orchard several l times a year, but I a transplant.What is the. out of the ranks of the buyers alto-
godsend avocado
all centres will be known there cannot see that that would make any pear to the breakfast table of him who gether. .-'

every day and it is intended that it difference. To mow once and leave lives south of Fulton or the French It is- not difficult for the dealer to

shall be headquarters for all orange the grass as a mulch might or mightnot market, for with the graham bread or understand what he sells. He can

growers, shippers and buyers, who have had some effect, but if left even white bread the pear with easily learn how to estimate the proportions -
will!..be made welcome at all times by as a mulch only one mowing and not and salt makes a meal at which nothingelse pepper of nitrogen, potash and phosphoric -

C. F. A. Bielby, the Local Manager, two or three could be made in a could figure : It is often acid, and give an exact value

for Mr. A. M. Ives, the General Manager season, so I infer that Mr. Stringfel- murdered with anyway salt to the customer of the constituents of
low did not leave the fora up eggs, pepper fertilizers.
of the Exchange. mown grass and vinegar and called salad The dealer should not
mulch. The effect of the growing over 'only know the proportions of actual
which a big to-do is made but }
[The above illustrations eaten
from simple drawings by Mr.were M. G.reproduced Johnson' or grass, whether mown or not, would between meals one eats with a "com- plant food, but should be| able to explain -
foreman of the book room of the DaCosta be to make the ground dryer and the sources from which the substances 4
Printing Company with only the material ing apetite. It is truly a shame that
found in a printer's' case. ., to-wit: brass rule]. poorer by the fertilizer and moisture those who can have this fruit do not ,are obtained, their solubility,
t taken up by the grass roots; and there do so. availability and adaptation to the
The railroad men say the most valu- are blighted trees by the thousand in crops and soils of his section. When
If killed
able cattle in Florida is by the cold they sprout
a cross betweenan grass to show that grass is not a pre from the the customer is aware of the fact that
engine and a Florida scrub cow, in ventive of blight; enough blightedtrees roots soon make a tree the dealer is well informed on the
again. The fruit sells in local
which the cow lands in the ditch but our
on low ground near the coast to subject of fertilizers, he will have con-
market at 6oc dozen for
the owner comes up with a bill for a show that land is not necessarily safe ordinarysizes fidence in his judgment and rely
; when shipped it often nets upon
fine milch more
.._._- for pears because low. I mentionedin than this. with him exclusively to supply the required
-------r.A Any city a sprink-
a previous letter that articles.
force of 32 cowboys well mount- .the blight ling of tropical foreigners is a sure
ed and armed with showing in my young orchard this market The dealer should endeavor
Winchesters, etc., for the pear, but I think peo- to
was organized to recover stolen cattle. spring was promptly cut out, several ple will soon learn what it is now thatso learn something about the plant food

They divided and rode in several different cuttings being necessary. The blightnow much of tropical Florida is being of crops. It is of great importancethat

directions, and about 200 head seems entirely amputated, the settled. If I had five acres of these the customer buys the proper

have already,, been recovered, of which wounds are healing and the, tops com- pears this year I would go to Pullman fertilizer. If he procures a fertilizer ']

many had Had their brands defaced I ing back to the trees in good shape. and kick that old hog off this earth that is adapted for clover when his f

and rebranded.-Arcadian. But this cutting out of the blight is a Yes, I would, for I don't believe ina object is to grow corn, the results will *;
most barbarous way to cure it. A man's not be satisfactory and ttie
owning more than five acres customer
The ever veracious Tampa Tribune wiser generation will, perhaps, cure it in avocado pears or a million in other will be disappointed. The dealer ?..j

asserts that Mr. Oscar Brandon, of by preventing it, and the preventionis property WM. P. NEELD. should make proper inquiries of the fi

Plant City, realized $11,000 from less I think, likely to be something put ,.. Pinellas, Fla.Dealers. customer, learn his objects in procur- '(

than two acres in, eggplant. The into the soil, some element now lacking ing the article and be able to guard i

Tribune says "this shows what a lit- in the tree. Meantime there and Fertilizers. him against istakes. As the large '

tle industry coupled with common seems to be nothing better to do thanto The dealer is the one on whom much majority of farmers buy their f fertilizer

sense can accomplish in Florida." grow the tree as quickly as may be, depends in the work of educating the supplies very injudiciously, not fully |i

The printer in the Tribune office fertilize and cultivate-or mulch farmers to a knowledge of the use of understanding the requirements of

probably slipped one cog. thoroughly, and when the blight fertilizers and their composition. It is crops, the dealer who can advise and ;

does come use the knife and saw, i if from the dealer that the farmer procures assist them, and who knows what he

Since :March i,' not less than 6,000 need be the grubbing hoe and axe, his supplies, and it is to the is doing, will not be lacking for trade ;

people from Key West and Havana promptly. dealer that the community looks for and customers, even when others
have located at Tampa. This esti JUD PIERCE. the best articles and which are most be'dull.. The selling of fertilizers is '

mate is based on custom house certifi Spring Hill, Mobile Co., Ala., Aug.,8,1894. suitable for the purposes required. a business, and he 'who in

cates, and Collector Lesley says it is a Dealers are, as a rule, reputable such work'should not hesitate engages to edu-
conservative one. The influx from Key The Avocado Pear. citizens. If such '
was not the case cate: himself to a full knowledge of all
West began in March, and duringone Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: their business would soon end and that pertains to the occupation.

week in April the Plant steamersbrought This wonderful fruit which grows i in their places filled by,others. No busi-- It does not require the knowledgeof : }

over 1,000 people. For sev abundance on the little sub-peninsula, ness man can knowingly refuse to'respect :the science of chemistry to enable t,

eral weeks each steamer, the Mascotte Pmellas, is esteemed. by those who .I the wishes of his customers, or a dealer to possess information in regard

and Olivette, brought in 200 passen know it:as superior to even the mango, refrain, from, protecting them in every, to the i ingredients entering into

gers each, trip, : making 400 per and especially since the, latter, has possible manner, without injury to the composition of fertilizers. ,The ,

week.Tampa Times. dropped-failed to set .a crop and a himself. The dealer comes in closer Experiment Stations have made it :





.... -
easy to learn what constitutes a fertilizer possible dieback. I like to say a good tivator that heavy clay soil is not likely ter should avoid shell land, coarse
by giving the percentage of actual word for Florida, and am glad Manatee to be the most suitable for the healthy sand and wet land.
plant food in sulphates, muriates, can come in now for a share.W. growth of pine apples." As to the Upon two points I think all intelligent -
phosphates and other substances now E. DRISCOLL. second, the presence of lime is not planters are agreed.
used, and tabulated statements are Manatee, Fla.The. necessarily hurtful. Mr. Beach deprecates I. The soil must be dry. Not of
(within, the reach of all. It is 'important the presence of "calcareous mat- necessity very high, but high enough
: that dealers examine these facts Pinery. ter." But some of? the best pineapple to be dry either by natural or artificial
and be able to communicate knowl- districts are of calcareous formation.The drainage.
edge to others. Florida Keys, the Bahamasand 2. The soil must be fine. Our
Edited by JOHN B. BEACH. Melbourne, Fla.
The dealer should take an interest -","-," many other islands, producing ,coarse sands along this coast are only
in'the progress of agriculture. He is The Pineapple.VLBy pineapples, are of coral formation and shell land in a finer form. The soil
capable of performing a great work in all coral formations are calcareous.I should be fine both in regard to its
disseminating literature intended for REV. JAMES H. WHITE. quote from Steel's Geology, page material constituents and its mechanical -
his community, and he will gain more [Written for the Farmer and Fruit Grower.] 52 : "Animals have the power of constitution.
by thus educating those engaged in In climatic conditions required by secreting lime from the water in Within the limits above indicated
agriculture than any one else. His the pineapple there is a positive as .which they live, or; from the food they the pineapple flourishes i in a great
interest is the welfare of each individual well as a negative factor. Freedom eat. When they die their mineral variety of soils, but more uniformlyon
and the increaesd wealth of 'tc the from frost is not enough. A region remains accumulate in great quantities poor land than: upon that which is
community which he will'receive a may be free from frost' and yet too and gradually haden into rock. naturally rich. Probably at the ,head
large share, will promote greater busi--i cold for the growth of this fruit. \ve see this process now of the list is hickory scrub with high
ness another year. i The region of San Francisco, California going on in the formation of pine land underlaid with yellow sand
Never allow disappointment to occur -: is a case in point. It is seldom coral reefs, as for example, following as a close second. ,Spruce
under any circumstances., If' visited by frost, and yet its off the coast of Florida." pine and jack oak ridges with suitable
there is the least doubt in regard to a thermal mean is about 55 which is Prof. Agassiz in his "Report of the assistance give excellent results, as do
fertilizer, do not handle it. Deal with : nearly the same as Washington, D. C., Examination of the Florida Reefs and oak and palmetto scrub.
reliable houses, and' endeavor to have while the mean of the summer I Keys" speaks of "Oolitic and Compact Island Home, Merritt's Island.
each customer meet with success.; months is about,the same as Duluth, I rocks" as a part of the Coral .4 \
The sale of a single bag of fertilizer Minn., and Eastport, Me., which is formation. Mr. Beach has evidently Live Oaks for Shade Trees.
'. which is not all that is claimed for it too cold for the successful cultivation mistaken these compact forms for Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
will do more injury to trade in fertili-- of Indian Corn. flint for he says "the anlegorism of Live oaks are far preferable to any
zers in one season than can be recovered From this it will be clearly seen lime to the pine is strikingly illustratec other variety of the many we have in
in a decade. Farmers are slowto that the absence of frost is not in plantations upon the Keys and Florida, for several reasons :
invest in fertilizers, and when their enough, for pineapples must have the Bahamas where here and there I. They are evergreens and are
expectations are not realized they do HEAT. viens of coral rock run across the covered with leaves when we most
not,fail to make the fact known. The The best pineapple districts of the flint formation which forms the foun- appreciate them-in winter.
dealer who keeps in stock the articles world have a mean temperature of dation of the pineapple lands." Prof. 2. While the live oak is at its bestat

that he can safely recommend, and 75 to 78; while that of Key West is Agassiz says, "the peninsula itself the age of one hundred years, most
who.is careful to educate his! patrons 78; Indian River Inlet and Punta has once been a reef, at least as far as water oaks reach their limit of life at
by inducing them to experiment with Rassa, 74; Merrill's Island and the 28th parallel of north latitude." the age of twenty or thirty years, and
fertilizers, ,will be a valuable citizen in Tampa, 71; St. Augustine and Jacksonville Again he speaks of "the same coral I then begin lo decay and die.
the community and ;a public benefactor. 70. The Bermudas, with limestone which forms the bottom of. 3. They (the water oaks) are subject
.-The American. .Fertilizer. an annual mean three degrees lower I the Everglades," and further, "the to attacks from borers, which
than that of St. Augustine, produce West Indies as .well as the mainlandof often kill the trees outright, while the
Seaweed for
Editor Farmer and,Fruit-Grower.Fertilizer.. some,pineapples, and coffee has been Central America constitute one live oak is free from these attacks.
Dr. Hunt, of' Florida and Indiana grown there. From these facts I extensive coral field." 4. Live oaks grow more rapidly.and .
once remarked to me "that it was a, conclude that most of the State of This field embraces the best pineap as their roots are almost entirely
fortunate thing that nearly resi- Florida has sufficient heat to grow pie districts of the world and are all of lateral ones, I should think they woulddo
dent of '''Florida believed he every had the good pineapples, hence frost is the calcareous formation, or, in other well on soil such as you describe.
choicest location in the State and' only barrier to its general cultivation. words, the formation of these pineapple August and January are the best
fields is limestone. Another fact months for them
: Some time a newcomer near Pa- putting out
the fact should lead to much contentment ago
just here in this line is that the pine- J. H. GIRARDEAU.
our people." I know'of lalka wrote me asking if I thought the ,
some locations which have desirable heat of that region was sufficient to apple, both fruit and plant, is more Monticello, Fla. -
than one-fourth lime. From these
features that are not so pronouncedwith grow good pineapples. I replied : The people of Florida are being
facts only one conclusion is possible
at Manatee.All "You have nothing to fear but frost. ,
us taxed to keep too unnecessary .
Another natural condition will limit viz : that "the antagonism of lime to up many
know what a desideratum plenty institutions. not so much the institutions -
the is fiction hav- ;
this industry as arbitrarily as that of cli- pine" a ,
of good fertilizer is in Florida. Com-
foundation in facts. themselves,but the officers employed
ing no
mercial fertilizers, after coming, some o mate. As to "raw lime" and "raw shell," in them. For instance, during
from Europe and others partly from SUITABLE SOIL these both to 1892 the Blind, Deaf and Dumb Insti-
the muck beds of Florida, often haveto is just as necessary as suitable climatic to phrases the chemistry are new of agriculture geologyand tutedrew from the State treasury $11,.

be hauled for miles over soft sandy conditions.One and their meaning seems to be quite; 434 and it.is. a well known fact.that
roads. For a party having had this writer says "new rich land un uncertain. I have been thus the real expenses-that is, the necessary
kind of experience, how would he feel derlaid with clay." Another, "the regard to this question of lime specificin for expenses-did not exceed'$6,000.
to wake up some fine morning in May soil should be very rich, and, if possi the that the impression I Where did the other $5,000 go't to? We
and find hundreds of tons of the best ble, it ought to be clay." A more recent outsiders seems thailand would like to see an itemized statement
kind of fertilizer piled up on one side writer, viz.: J. B. Beach, in THE quite suitable general for among pineapples "must be published by these institutions.Lees-
of his field, with nothing to do but FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER of Octo- burg Commercial.
free from lime. I have seen this
haul it to each tree or row of vegeta- ber i, 1891, says "all sorts of lands are statement several times during the I.I
bles and cover it with a little sand? available as long as no shell or other Dr. L. Washburn has resignedhis

Such a thing actually transpired right calcareous matter is present. The past If year.the prospective planter selects his position as superintendent of the
where I am writing these' lines, all same writer, in another place, speaksof location with reference to this test he Ft. Myers Sub-Experiment Station
through last May. Rotten seaweed or "the antagonism of lime to the because the remuneration was too
will have small to select from.
grass was thrown out in countless tons pine," also of "raw lime." Capt. T. a small to justify him in devoting his
from the"Manatee river or bay, and for E. Richards in the same paper of July SHELL LAND time to it. Yet we read that Director
weeks our people hauled the stuff and 18, 1889, says "plant where there is Clute is about to expend $3,000 in
placed it where it would do the 'most no shell or coral rock near the surface, is quite another thing. improving the facilities and appliances
good.. for raw shell will kill pine plants as Dr. Willfeld, on Merrill's Island, of this sub-station. We cannot but
Two months in place shows partly dead as frost will." as early as 1876, planted pineappleson believe that the State would secure
what it will do. Where deposited on In these quotations there are two shell land, as did Benj. Hull and better results for the money if ''a
white:sandy land around trees, a ringof points, the presence of clay and the absence some others on Banana River, even number of competent farmers and
dark green grass has sprung up one of lime. Both of these, I think, earlier. These trials were all failures fruit growers in private life were
"to two feet high. Every tree shows as are errors. As to the first, a very in- and antedate by several years the furnished each with a small fund' and
fine a new growth af1 can be found in telligent English planter says "the larger one of Captain Richards on asked to experiment in some specialline
the State. I nave just added a little fact that sand isits native choice such land at Eden. In the, light of under the advice and control..,,. of
sulphate of potash to provide against would of itself serve to teach, the cul-- past experience the prospective plan the director. '

,. _

':.,; ,,; ;.--, -' ..:;:. .x '. '. "ra.."- -, ..', : ,I -:", ;" '" ," : : ., ; /.. ......- .- ,'.' :.;': .: ,' ;:3", :.' :'": :--,
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Importers of -
_i Manufacturers of _
= = = = -
Sulphate Potash =-_ N All Kinds of BRANDS

From.Germany. -a- -T __- --_...______
_:zt _-
I ; :____ ;; -- = T--_ ANGE TREES,Peach
-- Trees, Strawberries,
90-95 per cent. $46.00 per ton. __ _
.. iraWIIElia. Pineapples.
nn =H3 r=1i-rH'ft .irrissg
i .t
DOUBLE MANURE SALT ---_ Write for a _

4s 55 per cent. Sulphate Potash 0 I i_ Pamphlet Giuinq
127.00 per ton,free on board car -:

Jacksonville, Fla. .. .
k Fill! Partlcillars

___ TO -
Also large buyers of -_

.2- : ;;:-_,___ 45itTfL_ 1 East Bay Street,

Eueni Kind O of Jacksonville, ria.Lockhart .

Raw Material_ -_ -- Little,


Farmer $ TruckerStrawberry Florida are destructive to beds, washing the old husk they will be so long in ASPARAGUS.-Its culture is not gen-
them out of shape and beating the doing it that the plant will get a poor eral and its success is doubtful. The
Culture. soil down almost as hard as it was start before the fall drouth comes on, Palmetto is the best variety for the
before plowing. It is better to wait and wjll bear little fruit. South. '
LOCATION.- A sloping piece of until the last of
August or first of
ground is nearly.always a good selec- September before plowing and makingthe [ BUSH BEANS.-A good crop of these
for strawberries in Florida be made in {.
tion as beds. Then if the plants are set Fall Gardening. can Central and South
there is generally a substratum of clay Florida if planted by September
with a garden trowel, taking a lumpof Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. 15.
less than two feet below the surface, earth as large as a with A few words as to preparation In the frost-proof localities a succes-
and the water from the higher ground each plant, they will receive goose egg very little the garden. Do not try to cover too sion can be planted all through the fall
slowly percolating downward along the shock, but go on growing, and the much ground. It is a temptation to and winter. Of the green pod varie-
surface of this layer of clay will subir- final result will be better than with "spread out" where land is cheap, but ties the Valentine, Refugee and Mohawk
rigate the ground above it during a those plants which were set in July it don't pay. Prepare your ground are the favorites. The Mohawkis
drouth. A southern slope will generally and exposed to the heavy rains. thoroughly, getting it clear from all. the hardiest and will stand a light
ripen berries earlier than a northern Again, where plants are set in midsummer grass, weeds, sticks, etc. Florida frost without injury. Of the wax ,va-
slope. A flat, low-lying piece of land they are apt to make a rank sandy soil is porous enough withoutthe rieties we prefer Wardwell's Kidney
may be good for strawberry growing, and succulent growth, and then come assistance of the above. Next, Wax to all others, it being the earliest, .
on account of moisture during the fall to a standstill before the cool nights decide on how much fertilizer you most prolific. and of the best quality of
and spring drouths,yet such locations, come one, in which case they are can afford to put on an acre, then any. The Bush Lima and all pole
especially if surrounded with woods, liable to be attacked by "white bud"or take that amount and put it on one- beans do best for spring planting.
are apt to be frosty, while on a more "dieback," and rendered practical eight or one quarter acre. You will BEETS can be sown from September
elevated location the wind will.blow .iy worthless.Yet then have your soil in a condition to to May; should only be sown
. the frost Yet on the whole where the ground is rich fer
away. we early planting is not with- grow vegetables and grow them or highly
should favor the lower, moister lands, out its very decided advantages. It gives quickly; quick growth in vegetables, tilized. If they are not grown quickly -
if fairly well drained, as they will produce the plants a "toughening start as a rule, means better quality and they will be tough and stringy.
an abundant foliage that will pro- one expressed it. If as larger yields. Use care in sowing the Improved Blood Turnip, Eclipse and
tect the fruit from frost. A windy grower are Bastian's Early are the best in the
spot not forced with fertilizer before September seeds, and always remember to firm
should not be chosen as the winds order named.
the soil after planting.If .
ist or 15th, and if when ap-
. will blow the pollen away in blossom- pled, this fertilizer is well proportioned you have been accustomed to BRUSSELS SPROUTS.-A peculiar
ing time; yet it is desirable to have a not too strong in nitrogen, they gardening in stiff, heavy soil, remem- member of the cabbage family, and
free circulation of air, in order to see may be steered clear of the dieback ber that in this sandy soil seed shouldbe should be cultivated the same. It
cure a sufficient distribution of the mostly. It is of immense importanceto planted nearly twice as deep as in produces miniature heads at the axil
pollen. have plants with dense and abun a heavy soil.Watch of each leaf on the stem, and is of
SOIL.-Sandy soils are more easily dant foliage next spring, to protect the weeds and keep them better quality than cabbage. Plant
worked than clay, and Florida sands, their fruit from frost; and early set down. Cultivate early and often. the Improved Dwarf.
especially! when deeply plowed, pos plants will produce such foliage bet- As soon as one crop has matured and BORECOLE OR KALE.-Another of
sess the power of resisting drouth sur- ter than any other, if properly man- been gathered, put something else in the cabbage tribe, almost as easily
prisingly well. Strawberries grown the ground that it occupied. It will grown as turnips. Is used for greens.
on sand are of a higher color, firmer aged.USE be found advisable to alternate root Is best after being touched by frost.
and,. in proportion to their size, sell YOUNG PLANTs.-Vigorous crops and those in which the productis BROCCOLI is clcsely allied to the
better in the market than those grownon young plants of the current year's borne above ground.We cauliflower, from which it is supposed
clay or other heavy soils. Those growth are always to be chosen for have many requests about this to have come. Is quite easily grown,
produced on light sand, mature earli fall setting. It is still better if they are time each year for a list of the best and should be more generally planted.
est, and consequently fetch the highest propagated from plants which were varieties for general planting. What Both the White and Purple Cape are
prices, but the plants succumb to not allowed to bear fruit the preced-- vegetables to plant in the fall must be good, the only difference being in the
drouth sooner, and it is more difficultto ing spring, as it weakens the vitalityof determined by each planter accordingto color of the heads.Cauliflower .
make them live through the sum plants to produce both fruit and his liability to early frosts.In requires a rich, moist
mer. Muck is a good element in a runners in the same season. If there connection with the naming of soil, and without this the best results
soil for strawberries when thoroughly is not a sufficient supply of young best varieties we shall confine our cannot be obtained. Early Snowballand
decomposed, pulverized and incor plants a fair substitute may be foundin selves only to standard varieties. Selected Dwarf Erfurt are considered -
porated ,with other soils; but on ac vigorous old plants taken up and There are others of our own introduc the best of the standard vane-
count of the objections to very low- broken into fingers. Each one should tion which we consider better, but: ties. We believe, however, that the
lying lands it is generally better to be thoroughly rubbed to remove all placing them on record in an article Gilt Edge strain of the Snowball will
haul the muck up to a higher land and the old husk just at the base of the like this savors too much of "blowingour supersede them* It is the largest,
mix it with it. green leaves. It is here the tender, own trumpet" too freely, and most perfect and surest header of all
TIME OF PLANTING.-The tremendous white hair-like roots push forth; and i if this is not written to be considered by varieties ever offered, and in quality
rains which fall in August i in they have to force their way through the readers as a free advertisement., it is unexcelled. Has been grown to


'.."'" '", :'" J. ,' ':.' ,,=j-,;.', .' :' '. i...:,, ,.' '. .' ., -, ,;;. -- .' ," .:.!.,.<:.:;_::, :
...., A .- ._


rt r



" weigh seven pounds eight ounces to be in every garden. The Giant Southern Live Stock.The coupled in breeding to females of
the single )head. Curled is the proper variety andis breeds and types and individual char-

CABBAGE.-To raise good, large used as a salad like lettuce. acteristics so dissimilar and so inferior.
Berkshire-Lean and Fa.t.Mr.
cabbage, requires good soil, well ma- PARsLEy.-The Moss Curled we This present perfection in the Berk-
nured and well worked. Without consider best. Parsley should be Edwin Montgomery discussesin shire is the result of time and skill in

these success cannot be obtained. In planted by the patient grower only, as the Southern Live Stock Journalthe breeding and feeding and careful
very light soils use plenty of manure it takes from three to six weeks for hest breeds adapted to the, South. handling.The .
and give plenty of water and your the seed to germinate.: He does not like the Chester White, breed is popular in the South,

cabbage will do well. In Florida sow PEAS.-We consider Bliss' Ever- the Poland China and the Duroc Jersey where all black hogs are favorites; but
from August i5th to December 15tli.We both in as well as the Berkshire, because in some portions of the North the
bearing as unsurpassed qualityand
they are large and lazy breeds and Berkshire is of
do not advise sowing before Sep prolificness for family use. For unpopular on
consequently take on more solid fat its color.
tember 1st, for the reason that severalof believe the Alaska
an extra early we
the varieties of cabbage do not preferable to other standard dwarf unmixed with lean than is desirable. The breed has its defects-no one
The Essex and the Yorkshire are breed combines all its merits in
ripen the seed in time to give you the varieties. The planter will find also evenly
less objectionable on this account, ratio but the virtues of the
new crop seed before that date. To that the edible will equal ,
sugar peas but the latter, like the Chester, is ,to Berkshire and
make a success of cabbage you must desirable the are so many so con-
a acquisition to
have the new crop seed. prove be rejected on account of its color, as spicuous and lasting, that this breed
For the truckers the main crop family garden. white pigs are not so healthy in the will always be a general favorite in

should be sown from September 15th POTATOES.Only Florida grown South as black ones. the United States, and will successfully
to ..November 15th. All seed shouldbe potatoes of last spring's crop shouldbe Of the Berkshire he writes : "The compete with all others.
scattered thinly in the seed bed and used for fall planting. This summer's breed is noted for muscular strengthand .

kept wet, never letting the seed bed I I Northern or Tennessee grown activity, prolific breeders and Dorsets as General Purpose Sheep.J. .
get dry. When, large enough transplant potatoes will rot in the ground nine susceptibility to fatten at any age. E. Wing, of Ohio, thinks the
in rows two feet apart and set times out of ten., If you do plant The pigs dropped are nearly always mistake that Dorset breeders make is
in the ground to the first leaf. All Northern stock in the fall, however, strong and lively. The 'high strung," in laying too much emphasis on the
pointed or oval cabbage needs a richer be sure and lime the seed pieces after nervous characteristics in the breed are capability ol Dorsets to produce early
soil and heavier manuring than the cutting and do not plant until the by many thought to be a serious objection lambs, leading to the inference that
flat varieties. The best varieties for eyes show signs of starting. but the energy they display is they are fit for little else.

shipping are Sure Crop, Long Island RADISH can be grown by every- :. largely offset by the wonderful dili- The Dorsets produce lambs that
Wakefield, Centennial Flat Dutch, body. Use the Early Long Scarlet gence they manifest in hunting up grow quickly, and are best for spring
Early Summer, Succession, Early and Chartier for long red varieties; and appropriating feed over large lambs; but they do not stop growing
Deep Head and All Head Early. Long White Vienna for long white ; areas of land; as a grazing hog theyare when the spring lamb season is over;
Fotler's Brunswick should not be French Breakfast( for half long, and unsurpassed. they keep right at it for a year in a

used in lands subject to killing frosts, Scarlet Button for turnip radish. Another objection urged, is the steady, satisfactory way.
as it is quite tender. Early Winningstadt Scarlet Button is the earliest, matur- small bone, which will not withstandso Let us leave out of the question the
is a good old standby. ing in twenty.one days. well the heaviest loads of fat ; but possibility of ewes having two crops of

-CARROTS.-Our personal preferenceis TOMATOEs.-If planted by September to offset this, we will remark thatit lambs a year, says Mr. Wing in ,the
St. Valery and Chantenay for table 15th a few can be raised most is the small boned and the most active Country Gentleman. No reasonableman
use. Large White Belgian is best anywhere in the State if planted in and busy hog that renders the wants his ewes to do that very
adapted to field culture for stock sheltered spots. We prefer Favorite, sweetest and choicest pork. As a often. Let us suppose the ewes are
feeding. Perfection, Volunteer and Ignotum in writer has fitly said of the pork pro- allowed to lamb in the spring timeas -

CUCUMBERs.-A good crop of these the order named.TURNIPS.Florida. \ duct of this special breed, it is noted most of us will find most profit-

can be made if planted in September.Use gardeners needno for "fine grained, juicy well marbled able-then how do Dorsets compare,
any,of the White Spine varieties.For instructions about turnips. It is hams and bacon." The breed is not only say, with Shropshires? First, a shadeof
for the superior quality of be shown Dor-
prized preference must to
pickling purposes use Westerfields the only vegetable that .we have
Pickle.CELERY.This. flesh, but in an economic sense for its sets as to their being prolific; although
Chicago enough of in this State. Would say,
large amount of lean meat in propor- Shropshires very often drop twins with
is :
becoming a valu- however, that we believe the Bread-
tion to the fat, which is in fact, due me. Next, the Dorsets seem to be
able for Florida. There but
crop are stone to be superior to any of the old
} two varieties that can be recommendedfor standards. not alone to breed or even feed, but better sucklers than Shropshires. Theirmatern.al
Mexican in a large measure, in our humble instincts are very strong in-
general planting, Solid H. G. HASTINGS.
and Savannah Market. The Giant Interlachen Fla.Salt. opinion, to the large amount of exer- deed. Then the Dorset ewes are better

has stalks very solid, crisp and rich; it .. cise taken with even regularity, by able to defend themselves against dogs
blanches and animals of this breed. The lean is than Shropshires, even though we do
very early quickly and
Makes Milk. blended in all the choicest cuts find them "
retains its freshness a long time. nicely not "dog proof.
Experiments have recently been and "parts- And then there is the When the heat of summer comes on
.. EGG PLANTS should be
; only planted made to ascertain whether the givingsalt minimum waste of shrinkage and the Dorsets suffer less than the Shrop
. now in the actually frost-proof locali to dairy cows has any direct offal, as the flesh is far more compact shires and thrive better. When winter
b; ties. The strains
large purple are the bearing on the supply of milk, and than the lazy hog that is not given so comes the Dorset has a rather more
best, although some prefer the Black the results have been of a character much exercise-this exercise itself impenetrable fleece than the Shrop-
, Pekin because it is !
more prolific. The which will be surprising to many who largely adding solidity of the flesh. shire. When shearing time comes I
New is
Jersey Improved not a distinct attach little importance to providingsalt The Berkshire is hardy, tractable, am inclined to think the Shropshirethe

variety. for their cattle. Salt they must and possesses more than ordinary better shearer. However, I notice
LETTUCE.The Improved Hanson have in some form or another, and if power of endurance.The my best Shropshires as breeders are
still remains the standby. Tomhan- it is 'supplied to them in suitable females make good mothers, my lightest shearers.
nock we consider the best for eating, quantities and ways, they will take are prolific breeders, good milkers. .
but some object to it recause of its sufficient and no more for their own The pigs possess uniformity of size We have interviewed Mr. J. E.

slightly bronzed leave Drumhead benefit. For about a month, from and marked vitality, and make rapid Hendry, who is the proprietor of a
White Cabbage variety is the best of the June 20 to July 18 last year, three growth. They are made to weigh at large pasture at the Devil's Garden.He .
large varieties,forming heads weighingtwo cows were kept without salt and the nine and twelve months 200 to 300 says there is no comparison be-
or three pounds. Denver Marketis milk from each weighed twice daily pounds, and at maturity 500 to 600 tween an open range and an enclosed
" also proving well:l adapted to the from the 4th to the 18th of July,when pounds. These weights are not un pasture. In a pasture you only han-
t South. they gave 454 pounds. From July 18 common for animals of this breed dle your own cattle and only pen suchas
ONIONS.-Do not try to make a to August i the same cows received I that have been fed and pressed for- you desire. Your calves are not
'* crop of any variey: except the Ber four ounces of salt each, and during I ward to do their best. jammed and fatally injured in large
muda. The New Queen and Extra that time the milk showed an increaseof No breed of hogs when crossed on pens of wild cattle and wilder cowboys -

Early Barletta can be planted in Sep-- 100 pounds, the weight being 564 others will transmit with greater fidel- and the next day after you pen
tember for early onions for pulling pounds. From this experiment it appears ity the characteristic qualities of the and mark, some one else can't come
green. Remember that you cannot' that there was a considerablegain breed to their offspring, not only with along and pen your cattle along with

get good, fresh seed that can be depended which would pay admirably any marked certainty, but with a very high theirs and give your calves another
. upon of the Bermuda before one to keep his stock well supplied degree of uniformity. This power of jamming-it sometimes happens thata
r October ist We have made it a rule I with salt; and it may also be added as transmission so distinctively and per herd of the same cattle are pennedand
in our house to absolutely refuse to 'another good custom to follow to keep fectly apparent, shows the value of repenned several times in a week
send out Any Bermuda onion seed plenty of fresh water where it can always such long line of pure bred ancestry. by successive bands of cow men.
.r between August 1st and October 1st. be accessible.ConnecticutFarmer. in fixing and intensifying the impressof Such work is death to calves.-Ft.

2 MUSTAXD is easily grown and should the sire upon his issue, even when Myers Press. .

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State News.Mr. Our Rural Home My; Florida House. Awarded
I For Our
Rural Home.
-.... -- Highest Honors-World's Fa
As a general invitation has been
W. A. L. Rawls was in town Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, extended'to your readers to give their -DR;

Monday with a load of sweet potatoesof -----...-St.....-Thomas Fla. --... views of the manner in which a Florida
remarkable size and gave us some "Don't Shoot I'll Come Down." house should be built in order to
points in culture. At his fall combine
"'Scurious like," said the tree'toad, cheapness, comfort and con-
digging Mr. Rawls separates: the very 'I've twittered for rain all day; venience. I venture to send you my
small potatoes and in the spring plants And I got up soon, ideas of such a building. It is a de-
them regularly, and they grow to this And hollered till noon; scription of one I am now planning
notable size. This amounts, practi-- But the sun hit blazed away, to build at Auburndale, Polk
Till I
jest dumb down in
a crawfish CREAM
cally to two crops a year..Braidentown ; hole, South Florida, and though I am a 4

Journal.. These second year's Weary at heart, and sick at soul. Northerner, I have been much in the I
potatoes are called by the farmers South, and am therefore mindful of BAKING Li Livomia !,
"mammy potatoes," and are not gen- And"Dozed I tackled away the for thing an hour again, the necessities of the climate.: It is I

erally considered good to eat. And I sung, and sung, ; not so much the shape of the build I
The county commissioners have fig- Till I knowed my lung ing that is essential as its arrangementand
ured down to a minimum, the annual I Was jest about to give in; finish, exterior and interior. :
of the And thinks I, ef it don't rain now,
keeping .
expense up county There's nothin' in singin' anyhow. HERE is MY PLAN:
roads. Under the prsent system of MOST PERFECT MADE.
contracts the annual outlay required "Once in a while some farmer On the east side is a room I5xI6 and \ pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder fat
for this purpose has been scaled downto Would come a-drivin' past; ten feet to ceiling; then comes a hall from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant
$2,390 besides the superintendent'ssalary And he'd hear me cry, ten feet wide running north and south 40 YEARS THE STANDARD. \
And stop and sigh,
whereas, not many years ago Till' I jest lay back at last, through the building. On the west
it cost the tax payers nearly $10,000for And I hollered rain till I thought my side of the hall are two rooms, one To Correspondents. l
keeping up the public highways, throat 10x12, the other, the north room, i2x To those wishing the moccasin ,
and the work was no better done than Would burst wide open at ever' note! J 4. Across the front, looking south pattern, I will send it with directionsfor 1

This well for the wisdom over our beautiful Lake Ariana, will making for ten cents in
now. speaks "But I fetched her! Oh, I fetched[ stamps; \\
and foresight of the board: of :commis- her! be a piazza eight feet wide the lengthof also the. Ladies' Home Journal pat- '.
sioners.-Orlando Reporter.The 'Cause a little while ago, building. In the rear is another tern for refooting stockings for the

Florida Coast Line Canal and As I kind o' set piazza, same width, reaching from same price.Never .
With one eye shet the east end to the I
room have I been considered
Transportation Co., of Augustine, And a singin' soft and low,
has surrendered to the United States, A voice drapped down on my fevered I The upper part is a half story, five ish, and I trust will not be so thought
feet rise, two rooms with dormer win- in this time is
by formal instrument, now, on file in brain, My precious, but to
the county,clerk's:office, at.Titusville Saying, 'Ef you'll hush. I'll rain." dows; two chimneys, one on each all who comply with the usual re-

all its rights over the channel of In-, -James Whitcomb Riley, in Christian end, built on the outside; a large fireplace quired regulations (i i. e., enclosing
dian River from Titusville to Jupiter, N ati n. in the room 15 x 16, and smaller stamps when wishing a reply) I will

reserving,; however, its claim to all t fireplaces in the corners of each of, try to give any information that happens -
lands If any one has constructed a cellarin the other two rooms on the first floor. to be in my possession concern-
already granted or to be -
Thus it is now possible for granted. the Florida and found it ot any practical Transoms over all doors. The floors ing plants, patterns, etc.
United States engineers to proceed benefit, let him come forward and and ceiling to be hard pine 1x4, In regard to the house moccasins

with the work of\ improving the chan- give us any items of information upon matched and oiled; wainscoting same (no, it is not "in deference to ,the ;:
nel at Grant's Farm and ,through the the subject that will assist others. An material, three feet high. The stud Florida reptile" that I give the shoe
Narrows, and cutting a serviceable underground cellar is properly, supposed ding eighteen inches, centre to cen this name, but because it is easy top
channel through Negro Cut to the in- to be out of the question in this tre, and on these is to be tacked u the foot like an Indian moccasin), ..
let.-Titusville 4 vocate. State-probably for good reasons. I and down "Neponset Red Rope Roof they may be made of any material almost -
had thought one might be built in a.L ing" paper (very thick), thirty-six ; the separate sole may be madeof
Max, Hoeck,< who*lives at the south hillside,thus insuring perfect drainage, : inches wide; over each stud, from harness leather if wished, or it may!

end of Mosquito Lagoon, gives us the for all know that to be an essential wainscoting to .ceiling, a moulding, be dispensed'with, if they are to be
following information and experiencethat at least all who have ever passed a forming panels, all to be painted; worn mostly in the bedroom. The
he had recently which tends to rainy season here. But I am told moulding in corners and edges of F material may be embroidered, and no
show what an excellent climate this i is others that ceiling also. The outside be doubt ,
by not even on a to clapboarded one could be crochetted or knit
for bees and their reproduction and the could there be a cellar of any benefit; on studding, and roof to be on needles quite easily ; but plain,

manufacture of honey. Last October, that the the timbers would soon rot, I covered, in lieu of shingles, with two serviceable ones can be made of j jeansor
during the time that the' second gale and I am of the opinion that it could thicknesses of "Neponset" over heavy cassimere. Being noiselessand

visited this section, he lost'all of his not be made "cool and insect proof"in ing, and painted.I comfortable, I prefer this to any

bees with the exception of two of the any possible way. omitted to mention that the stair slippers. It may be laced, tied with ;

queen bees and about two quarts of It is one of the things, like dark case to upper floor is to be in the ribbon or buttoned.

workers. Since that time his little entryways and closets, that we mustlearQ. northwest corner of the east room, ED. O. R. H.
swarm has increased to fifteen colonies to do without, and no doubt three steps to a landing, then turn. .
and, he has just taken from the This Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
better without
in a climate so moist gives a stairway also to cellar.
comb a full barrel of honey, the and- warm.- A house here built over .Now....., I want to ask is a cellar prac- World's Fair Highest-a--Medal. and Diploma.
of these bees. Who -- - -
product can beat a cellar would, I fear, not be the cal in :South: fioridar i nave never seen Coddling Ruins CharacterIt -
this for a record from almost nothing? most healthful place to live, even with one there, but I have an idea that one seems very hard to turn the chil-
Star. the J best sanitary regulations.. I have after the following plan would be dren out to shift for themselves, and .
The Manatee Advocate writes oi known of but one being dug, and am very convenient. The excavation to be few parents have the force and deter-

the farm of J. W. Stewart : Chufasare told -it had- to be abandoned as use- smaller than the house plan and dug, mination to do it; more's the pity, for "J 3
depended upon instead of corn for less. say ten feet deep. Wall up the sides, there would be more strong characters
fattening hogs, a goodly number being An outside room, built aboveground letting the boards match and reach to more brilliant successes and fewer,

kept by all of these farmers. The i is a great convenience for the floor timbers, leaving an openingon weak, babyish careers were this plan
chufas are planted for a succession oi provision, etc. each side to be covered with fine more generally adopted. As soon as

crops at short intervals. Pens are Since writing the above I have as- wire'netting.I the boys and girls reach a suitableage

built in the chufa fields systematically certained that cellars have been 'dug have estimated the above building a speci l.plan of action, shouldbe, i
being moved from time to time as here'and cemented, and it was thought exclusive of cellar, to cost $500: If marked out for them. Absolutely imperative
the hogs root'up' the ripe chufas, until they would prove a success. ISTot anyone can improve on the plan, I demands should be made -
at length the whole field has been being able to see the owners myself would like to hear from them in these them, and no delinquency in their upon du. ;

gone over and the hogs are fat and at present, I will: give the address of columns. Does any one know of a ties should be excused. It is the : ''3

ready for being made into bacon, or two of them, if Mr. Sands wishes to successful cellar in Florida, which is ing over of trifles that spoils the 'average pass-- '
sold in the Key West market; the elicit information on the subject. cool and insect proof? youth. Instead of this let "t the
latter is said to be a better plan whichis ED. O. R. H. W. A. SANDS. young people understand that they
followed to some extent, and bacon Vinal Haven.Me.
t must come up to a standard of excellence !-
ready made: is purchased from the BROWN'S IRON BITTERS. For Sleeplessness.Use in all of their relations, and their "
All of these farmers ; J
stores. and have an cures. Dyspepsia, Indigestion Horsford'g Acid<< Phosphate, pleasures and privileges must depend
orange grove bearing trees which
add' to the income. & Debility. and you will excbauge a night of restless upon duty properly'perormed.-Ne
... general .., tossing for one of dreamless sleep. York Ledger. '

M y

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1 THE t FLORIDA, : ., FARMER t' .,I AND,. FRUI, =t.' .' noWER.,. .. 't 521..

t superabundance of activity needs RECIPES.SARDINE OYOLONB CORN, SHBLLBB.;
LQQkingafter direction into useful l channels. In all SANDWICHES.: -Drain off the

the years to come this ,sweet girl'will oil,and lay'the sardines on soft paper) ''to Several Reasons Why You Should
No. i. never forget that first dress she made absorb all the oil possible. Remove the Have One.
and and head, tail and skin, pick over with a sil-
wore all that
a above 'mother"showed
ver knife and fork, remove all bones and I. It is cheap, simple and effective.
This is perhaps the most ,important her how to make it.-Pica' '
mince fine. For a box'of sardines use 2. It is fully warranted _:against;

duty in ,life. We owe, yune. the juice of a'small lemon, and one or Breaking or getting out of order by
two teaspoonfuls of good salad oil or any fair
it to ourselves to keep in, per- A Kind of Subaqueous City. melted butter, a dash of red pepper and. usage.
fect health-we salt. Sometimes the mixture is 3. It takess less power to do the
physical rubbed
owe Each species of occupies i its I
sponge j
it through a seive but this is not necessary. same amount_ of work, ,than any other
to our .milies-our friendsto own special habitat and will thrive
Spread.bread or crackers with this paste, machine,of its size ever made.
the future nowhere else; for in no other placecan and if like slice of tomato
: generations.We you put a ripe 4. All the tools that are required to
it find its proper conditions and in each sandwich.
have adjust the machine is a small wrench.
no more right to
food. Is it not curious to considerthat FRUIT EDOINE.-Peel half dozen
neglect health, or suffer it by this blot of slime eats like other oranges and cut them lengthwise in slices. 5. It has no springs'or small partsto '
Peel two bananas and cut them in thin break loose, or get out of order.)
neglect to become impaired, living creatures, and is an epicure, round slices. Put a layer of oranges in a 6. There is no time lost after you

than we have",a right to rob the too?-that is, his meals must be exactly glass dessert dish.then a"layer of bananas are through shelling by picking the
such as he and warmedto and sprinkle them with and mar-
UnitedStates Treasury. It'snot prefers, sugar cobs out of the shelled corn, as the
the exact temperature which best aschino. Continue until all the fruit!has
alone our health, it is part pleases his delicate stomach. Into all. been used, then as ,a finish sprinkle a
of the cupful of grated cocoanut over the top.
Ii141 numerous alleyways in his You will need about half a cupful of sugar -
nation'sIl1heaJth house which he has, in company with and four tablespoonfuls of maraschino -

l1I ; [1 his numerous family and relations, for the flavoring. .
built for himself, he absorbs the ITALIAN'CREAM.-Take three pints of
S and it iso I milk or cream, sweeten it with white sugar -
water selects such
particles as he
sacred flavor it with lemon or vanilla and
I a needs, whether to devour or to aid add one package of gelatine. Stir con-
trust to him in continuing the construction of stantly until it boils;add the well beaten

H \ == look af- his dwelling, and expels- again yolks of eight i eggs and stir well. Strainit

te'r through the larger openings or oscula. into molds that have been dipped into
it. cold water, and let it stand upon the ice -
Professor simile is _
Too many of ''us are weak and Huxley's" an apt five or six hours before serving. It is -
debilitated one. "The sponge, he says, "rep-- better, especially in summer, to make it
nervous and lacking resents a kind of subaqueous city, the day before using. _- -
strength generally impure where the people are arranged about FRAISE OF HAM.-Cut cold ham in -

blood is the cause-often organic the streets and roads in such a man- small, thin bits. Make a batter of a pintof
: milk, a spoonful of flour rubbed smoothin
weakness-for such peo- ner that each can appropriate his food a little of the milk, five or six beaten
from the water as it passes along." A eggs and a small teaspoonful of salt.
ple Brown's Iron Bitters machine takes the corn all'off the'cob,
sort of submarine Venice in fact. Have
ready a frying pan, not very hot.
'is the best It enrichesthe Drop into it a drops the corn in the box or basket,
remedy. Sponges take all sorts of forms; thin heaping teaspoonful of
butter. When melted in half the takes the cob on around and throws it
blood-sets and flat branched round pour
the torpid liver pearshapedor
batter and strew over this the bits of off at the back.
and kidneys at work. / does cup.like. They are are fixed by'a ham then the
; pour over rest of the bat- 7. By a little practice with ,it you
sort of root, or encrust other bodies, ter. Let it cook moderately, and as the
not stain the teeth. But get can easily shell one bushel: of ,ears in
growing in and batter thickens turn it half likean
groups, generally, over one
about minutes
the 4 or less., The shelleris
genuine- omelet and
attached to all sorts of things, floatingor serve very
BROWN CHEMICAL CO. BALTIMORE, MD stationary, animate or inanimate. MINCED CHICKEN.-Mince very fine all small but will do',the work? of manya
I the white meat of a cold'roa' chicken. larger machine.
When a sponge has an addition to the Put the bones and all the trimmings intoa 8. The spring can be adjusted to

Teach Your Daughters to Make family in the spring, the young scionof saucepan with a bunch of savory herbs, tension required and be loos-
Their Own Dresses. the house, leaves his native roof, half a blade of mace and a pint of brothor can
That sensible New Orleans water let'this :all cook for ened when not in use, thus avoiding
was a enjoys himself by seeing life in a roving ; ; nearly an
mother, who, when her bright 16 year- fashion for a while, then, having hour, and then strain it off. Chop two any chance of its giving out.
hard boiled eggs very fine season the A sheller wrench accompanies
old daughter, came home for vacation selected a site which suits his fancy, chicken with a little pepper; salt and machine. every
from the old Ursulines convent the settles down and ouilds of mix it
a dwelling mace; with the eggs. Thickenthe Retail
: price $3.00. Given with the
other day, placed in her hands a his own. Some varieties prefer shallow gravy with a tablespoonful of flour,
pattern, a pair of scissors and a pretty others very deep water. an ounce and a half of butter' and a cup paper one year"for 3.75, or as a pre-
roll of muslin and told her of cream. Pour the gravy over the mium- for three new subscribers at
smilinglythat Many of the tribe are of so
chicken mixture; let it get very hot but $z 00 each.
t she was going to supplement the dense a silicious formation that they do not let it boil. Garnish the dish with

"isms and 'ologies" she had acquiredat [ crumble like brittle glass, which, in away sippets of toasted bread.

school by a little practical lesson in they really are. Others, like FLY POISON.-An eflective fly poison THE5FLORIDA. .

work, which must eventually form a the "sheep's wool," are soft, as cotton. which has the merit of being poisonous
only to flies is made of the of STATE {
an '
of woman's life. And .
part every one The next best variety after this same"sheep's beaten with .
egg up a tablespoonful each
may i imagine the pleasure this sweet wool" is the "grass" sponge, of ground black pepper and molasses. 'It ;

maiden, felt when, as: the hours woreaway which is hollow and grows to an enormous should be poured in shallow plates and AGRICULTURALCOLLEGE

she saw the filmy folds taking size. The "grass" sponge set about. '"This 'is a simple process to 1;

shape beneath her deft fingers. When being of a coarse, texture is used catch the few flies that slip into a house

evening came she was able to put ona chiefly in the making of mattresses housekeepers before the screens wait are until put warned up, for by most the .

dress of her own making-the first and for various mechanical purposes. buzzing insects of their arrivol to put in Has a full in Faculty of able Professors. Good
equipment and
Shops; ,Gives
she had ever_ made-and going up to The "yellow" sponge is also gathered; these safeguards. Five Full Courses of Instruction: -

her mother she said in the fullness of t but its value is less, inasmuch as it is STUFFED ONIONS are delicious. They

her heart, at the new and happy experience 1 harsh, and not of tough fibre. This should be gently boiled for an' hour in THE AGRICULTURAL, '
plenty of clear water and then the centre
had come into her young species after being treated with chem. 1I should be removed from each with a THE LATIN
life, "I don't know how long it i is icals is stained and sold as a better sharp knife. Two tablespoonfuls of I THE WOBIEN'S SCIENTIFIC _

going to last, but, mamma,, I like sew variety. They speedily drop to pieces, minced ham, three of bread crumbs: one THE BUSINESS
ing mighty. well." Now isn't this a and are of little practical worth.- of butter, three of milk and egg, half a

lovely picture of home life, and amother's' ]Demorest's Magazine for September 1 teaspoonful of salt and a grain of'cayenne GRANTS degrees of B. S.and A. B. to gradu
should be mixed and the hollows in
courses. Young men board;in
gentle influence in .
training the onions filled with the composition.Then mess hall for $10 per month. Young ,women
her daughter to industrious and neces The safety valve of the human they should be sprinkled with dry boards month.with No private tuition families charged in residents town,$to of to Flori$15 a

sary work, and so guiding her young, mind is the power of grumbling, and 1 bread crumbs, and a teaspoonful of but- da.. Next term begins OCTOBER 2.
unskilled hands, that she could, makea so we grumble for having .to pay one 1 ter should be put on each l "onion. They For Catalogue, giving fuU information, writeto

dress in one day and not feel:1 dollar a bushel for corn grown in Kanj j served should with be baked'cream slowly for an hour and O. CLUTE, President.

fatigued or disgusted with the work, sas, while the man in London gets it SUCCOTASH.-A richer sauce.succotash than Lake City, Florida.RUDY'S .

and throw it aside in despair as so for fifty cents. And again wemur-i|the canned can be made by soaking dry

many girls might have done. And mur because we have not that dollar Lima beans two hours in cold water, PILE SUPPOSITORYis

what ,this thoughtful mother has done, to give, while the Lond'oner'has; : his! then draining this' off and adding fresh money guaranteed refunded.to cure 50 cents Piles and per Constipation box. Send two,or
earnest far-sighted mother fifty cents and gives the corn to his in which they should be cooked unti stamps for circular and Free Sample MARTIN
every maydo
tender. Then add sufficient corn RUDY Registered Pharmacist Lancaster, Pa.
in these vacation days, when timeHangs hogs.-Chipley letter in St. Andrewsd to suit the taste, season with butter, pepper NO POSTALS ANSWERED. For sale by all first-

l heavily on youthful{ hands_ anw | Buoy. and cream.-Am. Cultivator. ,class,Fla.druggists,by the everywhere.Geo.S. Hughes Sold Drug in Jacksonville Co. *



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TLORJDA. '- Debs was forced to admit that the The ''First Central Packery.r ations of men. Certainly it would

tjITCROWER; American people are generally opposedto All orange-growers have heard and not be the part of a wise man to neg-

t RMER' strikes. They certainly are, for the read a vast deal about a system of lect to do so.

American people are eminently a central packing-houses; but it has It is an axiom of breeders that the

.............. business people and they dislike to been reserved for the Fruit Exchange, sire is half the herd. Therefore let

see any one man or company of men quietly and without ostentation, to set the farmer whose means are scanty

One TERMS Year ..OF.....SUBSCRIPTIONFor .._.................:...S2.00For block the business of hundreds, per on foot the first real one. And it has invest in a Berkshire boar and begin

Six Months........................ ..... 1.00 haps thousands, of outsiders, while been reserved for DeLand, which is the work of amelioration of the piney
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3- they quarrel with
an employer on psobably the centre of the largest woods stock. The razorback has a
Subscriptions in all cases cash in
advance. No discount allowed on one's a question of personal rights. budded orangeproduction in the State, hardine&s-what the French call rus-
own subscription(except in a club), but to a to receive the honor of witnessing this ticite, and the California farmer a ca-
An Illinois
all liberal cash commission will dealer wrote to P. M.Kiely first .
a experiment.With pacity for "rustting"-which is an ele-
he awed all obtainedby of St. Louis, respecting a car
on subscriptions the conservative and sound ment of value not to be despised.
them. Write for terms. of melons from Southeast Missouri.
policy which has always pervadedthe Berkshires brought here from the
To every new subscriber we will send, In of I
my car 1,600 business of the Exchange this extreme North from the high
postpaid, a copy'of Whitner's "Garden- had feedingand
ripe-fit to sell-the remain-
ing in Florida." For two new' subscribers 400 movement will be almost wholly re- the coddling of that section, are

at $2.00 each, we will send, der worthless. These shippers in moved from the domain of experiments very apt to perish' in the process of
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange their attempt to cheat hurt themselves, it fail '
; can scarcely to be a acclimation. Besides thatthe Berkshire -
Culture. as these methods the sale of their
Rates of advertising on application. pronounced success from the outset. of the cold Northern States has
melons. Some of wantedto
Remittances should be made by check, my customers To this center any dealer in the developed a higher 'forming aptitude
know if
postal note money order or registered they were this year's melons, United States should be able to tele- than is needed or advisable for
letter to order of but I could not answer definitely, and
graph for a carload of assorted Florida. We do not want skinfuls of

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER told them they seemed to be this year's oranges, knowing exactly what he animated lard in this climate. We

Jacksonville, Fla. crop with last year's stems. will receive
with as much precision as want a frame so solid with pure muscle,

if he had wired Armour & Co. in judiciously marbled with fat, that it
NOTICE The rainy season is a good time for Chicago for hundred
a cases of lunch will almost sink in water. The Berk-
the application of stable or lot manureto
tongues.We shire
comes nearest to that.
If you receive a copy of this ,the or orchard where this
grove ,
cannot but believe that this is Still more, there are very few farmers .
paper which you did not order, article is used at all for this purpose, a forward toward
great step the estab I in Florida who will give the
consider it an invitation to sub I and provided always that it is supple- lishment of a rational and coherent 'painstaking care to the pure-blooded
scribe.. If do' not want it I mented with bone and
potash. Thereis
you i business system for the orange indus Berkshire to which it is accustomedin
kindly hand it to a neighbor. an abundance of rain to wash the its Northern
home and which it t
soluble parts into the soil. This will try.The
growers may now begin to feel must continue to receive in order to

CONTENTS.*- _____! start a vigorous growth in the spring, that the Florida Fruit Exchange is no keep up to the standard. Many a

.MARKETING-Fruit Exchange Packing House whereas-, if applied in the winter or longer a far-off and unknown god man has bought Berkshires and

GROVE(illustrated). 515 spring, it is apt in summer to make whom they are enjoined to worship. turned them adrift and'then abused
AND ORCHARD-Causes of Pear Blight;
Avocado Pear; Dealers and Fertilizers.... 516 too.luxuriant a growth which will not They may now, when wandering in the the seller for a swindler because the
THE PINERY-The Pineapple-VI; Seaweed ripen well for winter and in the
woods of
irresponsible commissionmen pigs went to sticks. The
for Fertilizer; Live Oaks for Shade Trees 517 trouble was,
FARMER Fall: Gardening AND TRUCKER.-Strawberry Culture; 518 pear is apt to be followed a by blight. feel the reassuring touch of elbows he subjected them to razorback

LIVE STOCK-The Berkshire, the South; is and what is more to the purpose, methods and expected Berkshire re-
It sheer
Dorsets as General Purpose Sheep; SaW presumption for a handful feel the touch of cash. sults.It.
Makes .
519 of American adventurers in China and
OUR RURAL HOME = Cellars; My, Florida There is no hostility in this move- is the razorback system more than
House; To Correspondents; Coddling Japan to demand that the governmentshall
Ruins 520 send dozen ment.: All commission men, equally the razorback which is the bane of

Teach aqueous Girls City to Make; Redoes Their..Dresses.... ....;.A...Sub.... 521RDITORIA.L there for their a special or more protection.war vessels The with growers and patrons of the Exchange Florida. The: blood of the razorbackis

-Der kmans' Catalogue; Foot American are cordially invited to make on the head of his enemies-not
Rot; First Central Packery; Blood of the government has enough to
the office of the
Razorback;"LeConte Pear Vinegar....... 522 do to and this DeLand packery their generally the right ones, however.
F.and V. Association; Markets ..<. 523 manage great headquarters, for information, for com He is simply revenging himself on the
Weather and Crops;' California( Markets; raw continent without being obliged to
The Sweet Potato Crop.-:....... 524 look after parison of notes, for business. human race for the abuse and the
in heathen .
Fiat Money; Seedling and nudd Trees; every --- which
Pollenation of Pear Flowers;1.'- 525 dom. If rapacious fortune hunterscannot The Blood of the Razorback. neglect are heaped upon him.
POULTRY-Notes..... 526 By all means get a Berkshire boar
, find "ample scope and verge Every now and then our contempo and kill the razorback out in
Weather in Jacksonville. enough" on, this continent in which to raries blow a counterblast against this so doing
do it if
as loved him-feed
aN exercise their greed, let them seek "accursed breed" and call upon the future you him
S ? V os:1: a month on peanuts first then
H to = trade those give
0DATB. semi-barbarians
S-y among at legislators to decree their destruc
: c;. as .E u ::: him happy dispatch with cold lead
00 00 :f:; a :a s'a. their own risk. If the Chinese govern tion or immure them between high for he is more sinned than,
Aug. 7......... "9 78 94 72 -22 -83 -o.ot ment expelled every American from walls. One letter-writer says he doesnot sinning.
Aug. 8. ........ O' 81 8 the empire it would how
92 73 19 :; o.oo give our govern see any follower of Christ can .- -
Aug.Aug. 10 9......... 81 79 i8 84 94 95 72 70 22 25 83 82 o.oo 1.92 ment a chance to be consistent in driving harbor a razorback on his premises. There has beeno lack of demand

Aug. II......... 81 85 96. 75 86 out the vile hordes of Chinese for the LeConte
Aug. 12 ...... 78 73 92 69 24 So o.0o from A Berkshire of the latest improved pear this season, but
23 0.84
Aug, 13........... 74 76 94 70 24 82 0 49 this country.. pattern may be by neglect made into a some years they are rather in excess

Mean -74079094.072022.083.0- - -3.26 razorback in two or three generations.The of the demand. They furnish an

i A recent consular report gives converse of this proposition is not excellent article of vinegar, but one

.1'nts.ll"1tfnfsal1.'E.. R: D :MAIN, Observer. place to a grievous complaint from equally true; yet every well informed drawback to it seems to be its tendency -

one of the great manufacturing citiesof breeder knows that a pure, unadulter- to produce an excessive amount of

Mr. P. J. Berckmans, of Augusta, England, that the excellent and ated razorback can be, in two or three "mother." This may be more or

Georgia, comes out betimes with his abundant machinery is turning out generations, made into a highly respectable less characteristic of all Southern made

annual catalogue of Fruitland Nurse goods in excess of the world's de- animal, with the fat-forming vinegar.

ries. This is one of those standard mand. This,from free trade -1S1
great England aptitude as much developed as is really Now is the time of to watch
establishments whose''' catalogue while protected America utters the desirable in the climate of Florida. carefully for the year

alone is equal ,i in selling force to the same complaint respecting agricultural The blood of the royal Berkshire, foot rot in the first citrus indicationsof ;
personal solicitation'of others. staples." It would seem that modern with a pedigree as long as the moral The simple exudation of

*Hh-1 civilization has really run ahead of law is after all guma
nothing but the out- short distance above
It is an evidence of the the ground does
popularityof itself has invented much
so laborsaving of
come of
good and
years feeding
not constitute
THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER machinery that both footrot, but is apt to bea
His ancestor in the
care. woods of forerunner of it.
that When the indica-
advertising comes to it almost
agricultural products are turned whose
England tusks
ripped leg tions of rot
without solicitation are seen no time should be
on our ,As
part. out superabundance. In earlier of the Saxon swinherd, and whose lost before
one nurseryman said of another in,this the earth is scraped away,
years most men were their own em- head furnished the for the hard-
State "He does not have repast exposing the collar roots their full diameter -
to send out ployers, producing with little machinery drinking Norman lord animal
was an then
canvassers; he,can sell trees on the sufficient for their ; sulphur should be sprin-
own require- whit detestable
of his every as as the razor- kled freely about the'roots and on the
catalogue. One rea- ments and no
more. Nowadays back of the Florida
son for this is that the one swamps. ground contiguous. It is a good planto
excludes half of mankind
paper or thereabout, is em- The blood of the Berkshire of
from its columns dubious,devices untried I ployed by the other half, and there is then the to-day scatter a pound or two of sulphateof
represents concentrated and
insecticides emulsions potash close around the base of the
worthless so much machinery to assist their, la: distilled labor and skill of
etc., accepting only what i is of stand: bor'that there is more produced than generations. will bygone tree ,at the beginning of the rainy sea-
ard value. Money buy blood, son to "keep the ground sweet," thatis
be marketed
can to
the wLdom
buy and work
of gener to destroy the germs of rot.

;" ', : .; ;:J ''>'; ',:!!:'. "':r ., .' "- ',,"'. ',- -, '," .,. ",,' ,, ..... -, .n, ,
::J" <'" .: ::: ;" .':. ',' .,:- -. .'' ;' '4!;.t.-:.,..




F.- and V. G. ASSOCIATION. weeding out. They will be in touch with !
all the best market centres, and you will FERTILIZERS

The Savings of Combination. derive endless benefit from the control

Editor Farmer and Pi ait-Grower: they can command over the markets if .
w once they can get the fruit and vegetablemen
3 Let us suppose you are like the rest of to fall in line, and by intelligent, CHAPMAN & SUDLOW
ns, j just an ordinary man, and say you united action under the direction of the .
4 have one hundred boxes or crates to ship association, prevent the too frequent disaster ,

s next season. On box material alone the of the past, a glutted market. JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA.
Association is already in a position to as- Let every shipper join the nearest local Manufacturers of ":ry

sure you, as a member, a reduction of union. Your dollar will not be thrown HIGH GRADE E'ER'rILIZERS. r '

three cents per box, which would mean away or lost to you; you will get. it back' ,
to you $3. On freight to almost any be Ground and Steamed Bone a Specialty. Caustic Soda and Flowers of Sulphur Always
directly indirectly shipments
; your on Hand. Every Kind of Haw Material at Current Rates.
Northern point they are assured of reductions small or extensive you'will be benefittedin -Send for
of not less than five cents Pamphlet on-
pert proportion. You are not debarred the
box, which would mean a saving to you right of selling at home, and you will be
of $5. Commission men are already informed of the minimum price at whichto

agreeing to reduce the often unjust sell at home; so if you should prefer to

charges of cartage from five to two and a ship, you can form an idea of the lowest BURNETT 1101.,1.

half cents per box, and are offering to possible price your fruit may bring you, BARNETT

reduce their commission from ten percent and you will know that your returns are .,;
to this would be BROS. 159 South Water St., Chicago, '''i''
seven per ; a sure to come, and the old harrowing suspense -
saving of$5.50 to you or somewhat more, as to whether you will get anythingat DEALERS IN FRUITS.
as an effort will be made to stop the altogether all will be a thankfully forgotten sen- FRUITS

unjust commission on freight and sation. ',HRA6fl- We respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables.

cartage charges. These are a few of the The greater the membership the greater We are now making specialty of .

immediate benefits to be derived from be- meat-ure of success, so if you are already ORA'NGE '

coming a member: of the Association,and a member,do your utmost to enlist ',

represent to the one-hundred-box man a your neighbors, and 'if you have not yet

saving of at least $$13.50; a pretty good Joined, hasten to do so Orange growers, and Invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects... ,
return for an investment of one dollar;- tomato and growers have ..
growers grape
but, in the meantime, what of the al- already suffered from glutted, markets, We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.
mighty dollar itself? It represents a and will not fail to appreciate intelligent

tenth interest in a share of stock in a direction in the matter where, and whento References, by permission-National. Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,

company which, with the support it will ship. Pineapple growers are fast increasing the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.
receive, will be a paying business from in numbers as indeed are grow-
the outset, and with the support it oughtto ers of all varieties of fruit and vegetablesand

and probably will receive, will be one a steady outlet for all our producewill '

of the best paying concerns one could be be the biggest boon we could: ask, EUROPEAN FO'R FLORIDA
connected with; so no one need imagine and that is the problem the associationwill

that' the original dollar is lost sight of solve; so I again ask every intelli- MARKET

forever. In good time it, too, will bringa gent, progressive fruit and vegetable ORANGES.Complete .

good return in dividends. grower in Polk county to join the new

' With these facts before you, it is organization in self defense, if from no

surely folly to hesitate longer; we are all motive, and give it their arrangements have been made to handle oranges in all of the
agreed something must be done to save continue and unqualified support.

our industry from collapse. Combinationalone Yours for co-operation,
:Fruit Centers of E
will do it, and a nucleus of the MAX ADDISON. : u.rope.

most progressive, able and interested .
fruit growers has already been formed, September and October Shipments will pay handsomely., Write us.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder ,
and they urgently desire your cooperation -
to the ends that all may be bene- Most Perfect Made.
fitted. Every shipping point should THE JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION CO.

have a local union, and every grower
should invest one dollar and become a
stockholder. flarkets.JACKSONVILLE Tj1OS. f*. TOW S, President.
You cannot hold more

than one dollar's, worth of stock, andy .
u are not liable beyond that amount.No ."
responsibilities are attached, and FLA., Aug. 17. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
almost the only restriction will be for FRUITS AND PRODUCE.

the prevention of glutted markets, as Corrected by Marx Bros. .
the effort of the directoratewill These are average quotations. Extra choice
principal lots fetch prices above top quotations,while poor An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
be to have the fruit marketed systematically lots sell lower. best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $300.000.) )
-good prices are bound to Lemons,Fla., ..... ................... 2.00 BOX MATERIAL-The .Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
result. All agents of the association will MesSina................ ........_ 4.00 order. Write for price list and terms.
Pineapples, crate,. ..............--. 4.50 -:OFFICERS :-
be under bond, and all their sales will Mangoes,crate ........ .... .... ..... I 50
bear the name of the purchaser of the Limes,3-peckcrates ... ... .......... 1.25 GEO. R.F AIRDANKSkPresident. Treas. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
... .......... ............. and M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
fruit as well of the False Cocoanuts. 4>
as Fairbanks Alachua E.G.
owner. DIRECTORS -Geo. R. Co.; HUh Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E.Pratt
Peanuts best brand...... ........ .0410.05
returns will soon be on the decrease, andas Guavas,3-peck box ................... 501075 Hillsboro Co..John Fabyan, Lake Brevard Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf G3.Duval Co.;
box crate .................. B. M. Baer. Duval Co.LA. Brady, CO.LF. Sampson! Marion Co.: V.HI flyer,
every or shipped by a member Pears,LeConte,bbl. 3.50Keid'er. E. S'
M. Osceola Co. W. Stanton Putnam
Marion Co. John Bryan ; Co. M. Moreman St.
will bear the association II -:....................... 2.50103.50 ; A. Volusia Co. Keck Polk Co.Addressall ;
stamp, careful Johns Co.; C. F. Bielby, ;Irving ,
......... .
Alligator, retail,each. to 10
handling will be the consequent result Grapes, Catawba.................. .... 20 to .50 correspondence to the Florida furnished Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils,J
packing and shlpplnainstructions
Canteloupesbbl........................ 2.00 with full on application.
Now is the time to act! Whatever the Melons d" ....................... 05 to.10 -
Northern cabbage..................... .09
outcome of the labor troubles agitating Potatoes, ......... .............. 2.25 New York Markets. but at low prices. Southern LeConte
the North and-West, the South will in Western potatoes 5 bbls............... 2.20 are done and the few arriving have
case within the next decade any Onions bbl ........... ................ 2.75 Pears.-The supply has continued liberal pears
,come promI- Eggs..........--................ .--- .18 been poor and defective and saleable only
nently to the front, and our industry ;. all the week and there has been- a to cheap buyers from 2.00 down-some
should be in the van of progress. As a VEGETABLES. very good demand for desirable table worthless. Kieffer in small supply but

class we rate high in intelligence, and we Onions,Corrected Fla.,crate by...Davis.. ....&..Robinson...........i.oo to 1.25 varieties: but poor stock as might be expected few wanted; per bbl. 1.50 to 2.50; .Le-
are without question industrious; yet Yellow Yams, bush........ .......... .60 with a liberally supplied market Conte 1.00 to 2.00.
our intelligence and industry have as yet Sweet Potatoes new.................. 50 to .60 has moved slowly at rather low and Melons.Receipts of watermelons for
squash bbl.................
Hubbard ,
availed in 1.50 Barlett have arrived
us naught, our struggle for a irregalar prices. the week have been 243 188
cars against
Cauliflower, Fla.,each.................
livelihood. Combination and cooperation Lettuce, doz.,... ..............-....... .25 very freely from Jersey and a fair quan- cars last week. The consumption seemsto
will alone secure for us the measureof Squash,crate.......................... 1.00 tity .has been received from up river, have fallen off materially and it has
for which Celery Kalamazoo.........._-.. .. .50 to.60 from all'sections has been
success, we struggle feeblyas Egg Plants} bbl....................... 2.00 generally been impossible to move the liberal offerings
individuals. Tomatoes...................-.......... 1.50102.00 poor and while a few of the best Jersey with stock accumulating daily
How many of us in the years past came GreenCorn.doz ....... .............. .15 have worked out at 3.35 to 3.50 or a shade until at the close, the market is com-
Florida with invested Sweet Pepper, bu.,no demand...?... .65 most sales have been in of
to a competency, it Okra, bu........... .... ,............ .60 more, range pletely glutted and prices are of secondary -
in fruit culture, and after years of labor, Cucumbers good,none..........-..... 2.00 to 3.00 and some common have had consideration, holders' main object
harder than we ever dreamed of, we see Cowpeas,shelled} ,peck. ............. .50 to go lewer. Up river which are in smal- being to move stock and prices have
dwindle down to the Green Beans, crate.... ..... ....... 1.00 ler barrels as a rule, have sold from 2.00
our profits fallen to a point equal or below freight
meagre Peas, none .................. ...
limits of a freight and commission bill. New beetswith tops,barrel crate,none to 2.50, rarely 2.75to 3.00 for extra charges. Muskmelons have arrived very
In our sore distress we are apt to damn Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .15 Clapp's Favorite have been in large supply freely from South Jersey and more south-
the railroad and commission men for Parsley,per daz.bunches ..:.......... 20 and generally of very fine quality and erly points down to Norfolk. There has
Carrots,Fla., per doz. .25 to.30
what we are possibly to blame. No com- Green onions,per doz.bunches....... .20 to .25 market has eased off to 2.25 to 275 per been a very good outlet for fancy varieties -
mission man can command a high pricein Pepper,hot,bushel, no demand...... .60 bbl and smaller packages in proportion. but even these have ranged low in
market and realizing that Sage well cured .15 Catherine have been quite plenty and
a glutted we price and for common kinds such as the
Lima Beans, shelled,qt................ .15
send our fruit to him to sell, he is apt to Hens.......-...._..,.......---...... .28 to.33 rather slow sale at 2.00 to 2.25 when market has been glutted with, most any
sell it for what it will bring rather than Roosters...........M........-..-.... .20 to .25 prime. Bell show a wide range in quality'as reasonable price is accepted.
have it rot on his hands. Of course there Broilers................................ .15 to.25 also do Scooter; demand has been good Potatoes.
are dishonest commission men,and these Turkeys Ducks..,.per....pound......,.gross....... ........... .11.35 for choice. Common cooking pears have Irish potatoes have not been very
the association will do much toward G eese.-_.............?......,_..... .35 arrived freely and have sold very well plenty and with a good demand market

," .,.. ', < .' ." .
...: ,;. :, ',' ., d -' :! ] : r '<' .:'1Pl: : '- : -- .: ', _, v':::;.
"..fir, .. T ( -. ,->:<: -, '- ; ', "
-< S


ruled firm on a basis of'1.87 to 2.00 for THEBEAUTIFUL

Long Island up to :Thursday when tone COMMON SENSE FRUIT CLIPPER.
weakened slIghtly and since then 1.75 to HIGHLANDROUTE.
1.87 bias* been the general price, but to- fl. f-t !
day extra ma 'ks" rought'2.00 per barrel. THREW away
Jersey receipts are not large,.but quality Two I .
very ordinary, and 1.75 to 2.00 covers HANDED shears
and clip or- ,
most sales, some of the poorest lower. anges and your grapes {- -
Sweet potatoes have arrived quite freely with'GodbeyV
Common, Sense This Route,consisting of the
and have met a very good demand at "
Fruit the If
about 3.00 for prime yellow. Some ordinary only clipper Clipper;that _
lower and a few choice marks a allows you to grasp '. FLA. CENTRAL
shade higher.. Red-and white -stock in I and clip the"fruit AND PENINSULAR
with ONE,HAND.It ;
'moderate request, but supply. light and saves ,one- ':
2.00 the general price. < third of the time. AND THESOUTHERN
Long Island Rose in,bulk, per barrel, : It saves / '

1.75 'to 2.00; Jersey p 'imeI.50, to 2.00; It the saves expensof RAIL'Y:
Sweets, Virginia 'yellow per barrel, 2.75 es. ,
to 3.00; North Carolina ,yellow,.2.75 to It may be worn ; (Late Richmond & Danville),
3.00< ; North Carolina_ red, I.f5 to 2.00; on naked a glove baud.or the '
white and 1.7CT to 2.00. and running through the uplands of South Carolina -
yams, It is not in the
and the North Carolina and Vir-
in -
Vegetables.Okra way handling ''
'Mountains and
in fair supply and meeting good boxes, .baskets or ginia will be used by the'Valleys.,
outlet as quoted. Peppers in liberal leaves one
supply and (demand barely equal to offerings hand free to pull
at the low range quoted. Lima down a,limb, hold of
beans have increased in supply and sell a basket or clingto Knights Pythiasand
to fruit wherever it can be reached with hand.
rather slowly at the lower 'quotations. a ladder: ; It allows you clip your one
Squash plenty and dragging at low fig- EVERY
ures. Tomatoes' in liberasupply and Sent anywhere prepaid on receipt ofl.oo. Send all orders to their friends and the pubic,who em-
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida. brace the occasion of their
prices have,been low, but a- little firmer D. I. FERGUSON, State Agent, Waldo.
at close.- _, _
... n. Conclave in Washington
WEATHER AND CROPS, thunderstorm. Field crops and orange it, which is easily reached in an off year
groves are doing well but the extreme like the present. Bartlett pears, plums to go North,at extremely low rates offering for
For Week Ending August 13 heat was very injurious to vegetableS.' and peaches have' held up fairly well, that occasion:
'The week was the warmest of the seasonin Grass is fine ,and haying has begun but but receivers are watching ,the market
the northern portion of the State, but little progress has been made on accountof closely looking for a decline in prices at .22..Q3
the temperature continued slightly below rain. Highest temperature, 97; low: any moment. From 20 to 30 carloads of
normal the western part and roinTi- est, 69; mean," 82 ; 'normal. 82;' average fresh fruits per day seem to tax'the capacity FOR THE ROUND TRIP
tusville south,Key: West reporting a daily ,rainfall, 1.82; normal, 1.47. of'even the'largest Eastern mark-
deficiency of three degrees, the greatest Central District!:There was a slight ets. Shipments of fresh fruits from this Jacksonville to Washington and proportionately
departure. sOn the Gulf coast the,thermometric deficiency in temperature in the eastern State up to 27th of July aggregated about from other points in the'State. Tickets on
conditions were about normal. and about normal temperature in the lfOO cars. The local market is overstocked sale from August 23d to August 28th 'in
The rainfall averaged above.normal for westerf portion of the district. Some and commission men find/difficulty c:1ulive-timited Knights! of Pythias to Sept.,3oth.train; ;!will The'

the State as a whole,but it was badly distributed heavy local rains fell on and near the in trying to clean up the heavy receipts leave Jacksonville.by' the F.
falling: generally as'heavy local, Gulf Coast and,in other sections, but only even at the very low prices pre- C.'&P.at August m.aniv.26th; Sun'
rains in the western and northern por- light showers occurred generally. Re- vailing. The extreme hot' weather affects day ing in 4.30.Washington p. ,
tions and near the west'coast,and as light' sults would',hale been more 'favorable the keeping quality of the fruit. next evening
local showers in the Central, eastern and with better distribution of the rainfall. Peddlers are thick, selling 16 peaches fora at 8 30 Our,
southern counties of ,peninsula.' It ,The places receiving the heaviest showers nickel. The first shipment of fresh
was;oh'the whole, a fairly fav6rable week did not, as' a rule, need rain, while fruits for London will go forward on_ the RATE OPEN TO ALLI!

for growing crops, except cotton. !There the counties {where light rains occurred 5th, and weekly trains will follow during !. ,.,.
was not much':dojie in'the.way of putting would have peen'much benefited by the season. The freight'rate will be
away forage. In some'sections the heavy heavier falls. Crop conditions ''continue about $750 per car.-California Fruit Tickets good on all .trains

rains ''brought farming operations .to a generally favorable. Some farmers are Grower. going between August'23d
standstill-and l in others the fear of showers gathering in corn; considerable hay has 1-9-1
and 28th.
been and saved fine The' Sweet Potato Crop.
prevented farmers from cutting more cut ; some lemons
hay than they could, put' up in a, few are now being shipped; active preparations The New York Daily Commercial Bulletin .
hours. Orange groves are' still' improving for faty', and, winter! gardens con: says: The first arrivals of sweet
and the fruit'of some early'varIeties tinue; tomatoes'and'eggplants are being potatoes are just commencing, and
is beginning 16 show color.: More rain in planted. Highest temperature, 97; lowest receipts are increasing daily from North ,GRAND ARMY

the orange belt would be beneficial, as 69; mean, 81; normal, 82; average Carolina, and Virginia. The outlook r ...
the soil has not yet become moist to a_ rainfall,'1.81; normal, 1.34. seems favorable for a large crop all over
, great depth. -- Southern District.-Another week ofgenerally thejcountry, the acreage being given as QF THE .
1 Western District.-The most note- fair! 'weather has been hard on 96.64, as compared to Jast season by the ..
worthy feature of the week in this district pineapples just set out. Temperatur Government report, and.the condition of
was the severe storm which occur- slightly deficient. All crops and fruit the crop, as compared with a full crop, is
red in the.extreme western portion Tues- interests would be greatly benefited by given as follows: New Jersey, 95 per !. REPUBLIC

day. It covered a limited area but was rain. Highest temperature, 88; lowest cent; Pennsylvania, 98 : Maryland, 98; .. /" -
very violent, the. centre of greatest energy 73 mean, 81;; normal' &3; average rainfall Virginia! 87; North Carolina, 94; South t
being, apparently, at Pensacola, 1, 0.33; normal, 122. Carolina, 90 ; Georgia, 82; Florida, 94 ; RATES ALSO OPEN TO THE PUBLIC,
where the :wind blew a heavy gale from 'E. R."Demain, Director. Alabama, 84; Mississippi; ;; Louisiana:
northeast' and i southeast, attaining a' Jacksonville, Fla.. August' 14 1894. 89; Texas,95; Arkansas 84; Tennessee; Ja oks orxvill
maximum i velocity of 52,, miles an hour, ... 87; West Virginia, 99; Kentucky,' 82;
prostrating trees, fences, etc. A ship California Markets.The I Ohio, 86 ; Indiana, 86 ; Illinois; 73 ; Iowa, To
\vas. "'driven ashore on Santa Rosa Island! excessive heat in the interior has 80; :Missouri, 92; Kansas, 97 ; Nebraska,
early ,Tuesday morning and wrecked; caused fruit to ripen rapidly, taxing i 46; Wyoming, 100 ; California, 100. IP itt Si tUL. 'i?'iri
the whole crew was rescued The storm shippers 'and 'dryers to their utmost capacity i The season opens rather earlier this < rAND
was accompanied' by excessive rain in their 'lei d avor' to'care for the s year than last, and the crop in nearby RETURN,
which materially 'Injured cotton in enormous crop now being i haryestedl! Southern and Jersey sections is well ad-
places. Rain fell nearly every day in the Canners generally are 'working to their vanced. The season is an unusually 32. O
western portion, causing cotton' to rust full 'capacity; 'some few advertising for long one, the markets being well sup-
and rot badly,in places, washing soil recently extra help with a view of running day plied from the time North and South
fertilized, :beating 'down' youcg and night. Overland shipments imrile-- Carolina appear, middle of July until Tickets on Sale September 5th to Oth,
vegetation, etc. Cane'and potatoes con diately' after the strike 'assumed 'large latter part of May, when Jersey becomes good until September. 25th. .
tihue to look fine rice' 'where :Tree and have to' in exhausted.
proportions cpntinued :
; good ; Very large quantities are received Our route Is through the Eastern Battle-.
from grass;,bad weatherfbr saving forAge crease until the daily average has reached from Jersey,but liberalshipm nts fields.
first of the week;' more favorable at about 100 cars.. At the close. of last weeks] are also made here from the Carolinas,
close. The first bale of this season's the railway was blocked" Sacramento Virginia and Maryland\ especially the Coaches Plntsch the Gas.most Comfortable. Lightedby t .
cotton crop was' sold in Tallahassee to Tru kee. Some 300'cars of fruifr'were' Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland\ ;
the 10tH. Highest temperature,. 92;low distributed along the road slowly wind] and some stocks arrive from other'points. Route Incomparable ,for Beauty' of

est, 74; mean.. 80; normal,. 81; average ing their way over the mountains towarV The three varieties are in market, yellow, Scenery.. .
rainfall,'4.64; normal,1.82. the 'East. Fortunately this fruit' hac red and white, andwhen: showing desir- Quickest time.
Northern District.:-Warmest week of been\ shipped in refrigerator cars, otherwise able and uniform size the price'' ranges
the season ;',first part was dry and favor: the slow time would have 'resultec about the same; the yellow 'have :most A. O. MacDONEIX.,
able for farm work but on the closing in considerable" 'J loss.: It' is the 'genera attention, 'however, and some recent
days heavy local rains, accompanied in impression among fruit men' that the' sales of the latter have been made at $4 Gen. Pass. Agent" ,
some cases by severe thunderstorms oc heavy"shipments' going forward at press to 5.50 per barrel from first hands, while PENNINGTON I
curring. The mornings were very warm ent.will cause a'serious decline prices; the red are' good enough to command -; N. S. ,
and sultry''' but the evenings were for the and that'the Eastern" markets'' \will again over $3 to 3.50 per barrel and Traffic, I Manager. ,
most part cool and pleasant, the temper; become demoralized. The. purchasing! small stocks, culls have sold in instances. :

_,ature...,';" .falling j 15 to 22 degrees during f the power. of the,, people'seems' to'haye'a'liniT.' .as low as $1,to 1.50 per barrel. ; Jacksonville X .4 Fla.." _

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We offer fruit i growers our high grade,Phosphate, dried, ground and sacked f. o. b. cars at Belleview In carload lots of 12 tons or over at 85'.00 S PER TON, in less than carload, 86.00 PER TON.

LIME 48.83.
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COME: L1Ei.'J E T hi R'T IhIIE iR FOR' PINEAPPLES.{ : =: .
'- '
ANALYSIS :-Phosphoric Add,6 per cent.; Ammonia,4 per cent.; Potash per cent. Price, f. o.b. cars at t-Belleview$22.50..;

? NQ -rREE. '$. '
ANALYSIS. :Potash, 6 to 7 per cent.; Ammonia,3 to 4 per cent.; Phosphoric Add, 8 per cent.- Price per ton f.o.b.ears at Belleview 2500." :


Our Soft Phosphate and Complete Fertilizer are each high grade arid much cheaper at our prices:than any Fertilizer .sold in :Florida.'

Put up in, 200 pound sacks. Terms,. cash with order. For testimonials, freight rates, etc., address '

Jacksonville Florida. '

A Fiat Money. monetizing of silver. Submitted to in mixing different strains; hence $at, from the" same free. The failure, toffiiit
r Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: this test the greatest claim of the populists this' day a.seedling i orchard i is .a delu {due' to the:sterility. of the pollen

Any honest i inquirer who does,, not t falls to the ground. sign', simply because there is no purely arid not to mechariicaicauses. ,

know, why the first $63,000,000' i ingreenbacks Another thing: they want is to pay bred fruit. 4. ,The'impotency of; the pollen is

' issued by the government debts of one! .hundred cents with silver We are often asked, "Are, seedling not, due( to any deficiency of its own,

continued!i to'circulate, without. depre; worth about sixty cents. Takeaway trees.longerlived. and more productive but_ to.the:lackofaff'inityof: the: ,pollen

ciation, whilst later'issues_ depreciated that hope and its twin (payjng than grafted trees ?" Fifty years ago and ovules""of.the same: variety. .

greatly deserves to have, ,the truth in irredeemable paper) and there they were. 'Now they are not. Thereis 5. .The pollen of two varieties may.
laid,before. him, ,arid here it is. The would not be enough Populists to 'attract noquestion ,but that horticulture, absolutely: self(sterile, and at the

first; issue was made receivable for attention :any where, north or, being.yet in its ,infancy, has hardly same time,perfectly? l -cross: fertile., ,
customs,..arid: : was. not:so} large ,but ;that south.<; I believe that many who'have passed the,, experimental lstage, in i its 6. The state"of nutrition ,of the( .

a this fact amounted, to a practical, rederiiption been misled on'' these subjects would greed,after:new varieties, i .i D.d,startling tree, riq'its:" general environment' "

:of them. But l later issueswere promptly withdraw their support i if results, and, ,the injudicious use of all .affects. its ability_ to. _set. fruit _either
;.so large ,that making, them, receivable they were,once shown the facts in the kinds) of stocks to graft. upon has i induced withits- i own ,pollen- or? with* that* ofanother .'
4 for customs would not amountto right way. W. E. DRISCOLL. loss of vitality and introduced tree. .
i ...
\ ajsiifficiency of redemption' to keep Manatee, Fla. diseases wholly unknown fifty years I 7. Bees." and'other ;insects: are ,the: .
them at par. !te- ago. In riiy boyhood days I never ag ntsjfor., the transportation of pollen.
Thrfirst: ;, issue was as far:from being Seedling and Budded Trees. heard,of pear blight'orr peach yellows' 8.. Bad weather during flowering

fiat money as redeemable paper At the Texas State Horticultural and'' kindred diseases. time has a decidedly i injurious j .influ-
could be. Later: issues were promisesto 'meeting H. B. Hillyer read a paper, Any,man' who' will l examine a cornrow eIfe') ,on fruitage by, keeping away insect ; ;

' pay money when the government' from which are taken the following 'and'note'- the difference in the ,' visitors: and,also I byaffecting the/ .
became able to' do so points: stalks) : and' ears, though all have had: 'fecundation. of the flowers conversely .
; ,
but; ,not,, being' made .redeemablepromptly ,As each crop;takes, up its own peculiar the sane! 'reatment.as' to' culture, ,soil !, fine, weather favors crossfertilizationand

with, ac .i.tal"nioney,( gold or food, rations, rotation becomes a and season, may''learn. a valuable lesson the,setting of' fruit.i ,
silver, or receivable for customs, they fixed law of horticulture, as well as of in tree life. From defective ..... .
jt t depreciated just as; all,promises. to, pay agriculture Hence, when an old methods of: culture and selection of 9. Pears produced by self fertiliza-.

i always did and always will do, if not peach orchard dies out don't replant seed in years past'has resulted ''a diminished tiop are very uniform in shape. They :
differ from not in size,
promptly redeemed; it ,in, peach trees if indeed vitality of the .and
: to any plants, _
but also i in
and shape in
A recent, writer for your paper, who stone fruit, but to some core fruit or' hence the vital energy in. the! different t ; some, ;cases,
time .
of and in
: maturity flavor. .. .
favors-dropping the use of gold, and vine, though by a system of scientific seeds varies greatly,, ,and this can be
I ,
:the crosses the differences
silver for, when trying to ansorer culture and noticed in 'the jo. Among \ '
money manure, orchards and plant at .every stage of 'and variable
now balances' .In' trade with for. vineyards have, been grown on the its life' ;, ,from the time it first came' out were slight ; so that '
eign countrIes.,could be settled..withoutsuch same plot of ground for centuries with of the) ground to the maturity u of its with are not to be ascribed
certainty to the differences in
I use of.the precious ,metals, answers perfectly maintained fertility. fruit; -
"by bullion.l I leave it to Nature cares' nothing for fruit, only -:.. pollen.)

, 'others to decide how much candor for seed to reproduce itself, ,and, un-. Pollenation of Pear Flowers: iii.in.Self-fecundated seed pears: are' deffrcierit :.
1 there is in that manner'of ot with will usually having aborted
disposing tampered ,reproduce them-
The following conclusions it is seed
are while
the .
crosses well
are .
i the It supplied -
t question? will look to some selves each after its own kind, from thought, fully warranted from the evidence witXspundseed. _

like a perilous approach to the, use of age to age, with unfailing'' certainty. which,, has been given'J, and,' 12. ,Even with those varieties which 0" "
the hated( article
t as money. But it i soak ure despises a, hybrid, and a post doubtless, many who. read this! will are! capable ,of fecundation, ',the '
'; to such straits that -
j just they : remains a post oak through all recall observations in practical orch pollen'of another is
come or stop talking'or writing, unless time; Man, with science and experi,; arding which prepotent; 0
give further
support: and unless the entrance of, the .foreign .
they confine themselves entirely to ence to guide, has produced an almost if. common
.l Many the, ,varieties, ofpears pollen.be prevented, the
greater: num-
vitupeittio '.tow rds.all who endless
; try to variety of luscious fruits and
require crpss-ppl'eriatiori!
: being ber of fruits will affected by it as
show of their
the claims.
folly beautiful ,flowers by'culture, crossingand partially or wholly Senator Stewart, one of the high hybridizing. But in doing so fruit when_ limited.,to.their own pollen.
' priests"of. the.Populists, voted for de there has been such a commingling of 2. Some varieties pears. -;.
are capable of self- i3. The normal typical fruits and. _,
silver in
monetizing 1873,' and deniedit blood that no man can ncm predict fertilization. 0
until,confronted with the evidenceon what a seed, will bring'forth. The deer : : in most,) cases, the largest and finest :.
3' Cross-pollenation is .
j 'accom.plis
I n'Ql specimens either of self sterile self-
the'floor of the Seriate. Yet it i is all the f- i- ; :or
'are ,same shape, size,and; color; ied by applying pollen from anoth, fertile sorts '
charged as the crime of the age by the same is true of 'the partridge, ,and er tree of the',same: 'grafted variety, butis ; are crosses: ;.

Populits! What are candid men: to I each, has' thus reproduced itself for secured by using, pollen ,from one PRACTICAL CONCLUSIONS.

think,/.of.such inconsistencies? Up to 'thousands of years. Contrast this tree of a distinct,horticultural, l variety; i. Plantmixed, ., orchards, or at least :
the panic'of,wear ago, ,a. day's labo r with the ringed, streaked, spotted of that i is ,which has avoid; solid. ; A
) : grown! fr..o.la.'QtS planting, Mocks,of one va :,
; : : -lj; f
would of the necessaries -
buy of all colors in
more our scrub cattle arid barnyard tinct seed. Pollen from another tree nety. It is not desirable to have: .
life than it would do before the de- : fowls. This has been man's work of the same variety is no better than more than three or four rows of On 1.f!

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\ unless experiencehas The "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To f!
variety together, Poultry.

shown it to be perfectly self:fer- Typical insure insertion in this column, advertise- li liI
tile. """- .' ments must be accompanied by the money. ,
Edited by B.W.AMSDEN,Ormond,Fla. TropicalTopic. c.: ;:"' Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
2. Where large blocks of one variety .........- ..;.. -..... ""'- ..........- ,j- '. .....................,,,:,-. .'- ':; :' "",-"' Postage Stamps received in payment.
word including name and address.
Count every
which blossomed well have Poultry Notes. ? .. .
fruit for a series of without Traveling PEAR SEED.-60 cents per dozen
years .
I Chicks raised in confinement deprived AVOCADA :
are -
Take : ; or by mail where no express-.
any apparent reason, it,is exceedingly entirely of the food which suits m. : state this: Wm. P.Neeld, Pinellas,Fla. 8-J8-3
probable that the failure is due to the The ,..,
them best-insects of 'various kinds- f4I! PLANTS FOR SALE-Noonan
lack of cross-pollenation. The reme- Tropical h *STRAWBERRY, ,strong plants, well rooted.
and to make for deprivation use
dy is, to graft in other varieties and up TrunkLine Good packing guaranteed. R. H. Smith, Law
fresh bones, what: are called green tey,Fla. 8-18-4

supply foreign pollen.' bones, ground'or cut small enough for ,,::1. YEAR OLD LEMON BUDS.-aoc. TWO

3. Be sure that 'there are sufficient them to swallow. Fresh bones, with Traffic ". TWO year old Tangerines buds asc. Seedling grapefruit
bees in the neighborhood, or within 2oc. Lake Region Nursery Co., Auburndale,
some meat adhering to them, come Trends Fla. 8.18gANTEDHoney.
two or three miles, to,properly visit
nearer .forming a perfect food for Tideward ;
the blossoms. When feasible en- Give price and quantity. :
chicks than anything else we can sup Toward J. F. Powell_ Waukegan,111. It..
. deavor to favor insects' visits to the ,f 4
ply. Give one meal a day.If '
generous :.. t
blossoms by selecting sheltered situa- The ANTED.-Beggar Weed seed,500 to 800 lbs.
fresh bones cannot be supplied give clean seed. Lowest bid gets the order. J.

tions or by planting windbreaks.- lean, fresh meat or good boiled meat, Turbid .,f': B. Briggs, Winter Haven, Fla. 8-18-4 _

Smith's Fruit- Farmer. and in addition offer them preparedbone Twist.Ing'f: !.;.-"",.", ";.J". PARSON BROWN ORANGE" and "Carney >
: ;
PSI lemon
Tack 11. :, '' Lemon.-Best orange
The F. C. & P. Railroad Company meal.A ". -, grown. Write for catalogue J. H. Turnley, t
mistake frequently made when The "Excelsior Nurseries, Lake Weir, Fla. -U.13
employed Dr. Louis Barkan to makean h
agricultural survey of the lands constructing a poultry house is' in Trackless ':/$' WANTED.-Florida peach seed. Growing a
of trees for wholesale and retail
bordering on their line, and''have now placing the, perches too high from the Tarpon :, Time: trade. Let us know your wants. Summit
floor. Chickens of the heavier breeds Nurseries Monticello, Fla. 8-11-2
stationed him in New York to turn Takes. Tempts
this should roost ,only a few feet from the PURE THR.-For circulars and
the arriving immigrants way. Test The DRINK
in the Bucket Pump and Water Purifier'
floor, in order to prevent injury
The Tardy address, McLean &Co., Conant, Fla. 84.5
As suggested in the last issue of the flying down. Another mistake is in
A ten feet
Sun, Dade's commissioners have taken overcrowding. room square <* certainly one of the best ,ever introduced '
up the matter of tax assessment this and ten to the comb, even though well The Tarry. Perfect flowering;very prolific;large size; good
shipper! early. Will spare a few plants at see
week, and as a result, there will be a ventilated, should not hold more than Types Tax per dozen or 3 dozen for$1.00, by mail. Chubb

reduction of two mills from the county thirty or forty fowls as a roosting Tell; Thou &Ward, Winter Park, Fla. 8.4-3'

millage last, year. The State'mill- place. Most authorities would say Travel Thy FOR FANCY PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Write to '
L. Beeman, Orlando, Fla. 73810FOR
than .
not more twentyfive.A
age has been raised one-fourth millbutfor This Talent

that our county commissioners are poultry writer says that the dust ... RENT.-Good store building well fitted p
Typical To-day shelves and counters; one of the best
in no way responsible. As it is there bath' is not merely a.matter of fanciful country stands in the State; situated at St. '

will be a decrease of taxation in Dade benefit to the fowls. It is the same to Thoroughfare That Thomas, Pasco Co.; Fla. Building 70x25 feet.
Two good rooms up stairs. For particulars,
of $1.75 on the $i,000' from thatof them as a water bath to the human Through Thrift write to J. S. Mills,St.Thomas, Fla. tf :k

biped and more for it not only helps The Tend
last year. The assessed values of FANCY PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Of aU varieties
property are practically unchanged, I to free their plumage from dirt but Truly' To Our specialty,the Smooth Cayenne; :j'
can be furnished in large quantities. Orlan-
except in a few instances where cir. dislodges insect enemies from their Tropical Thee do Grape and Fruit Co., Orlando, Fla., C. S. (
cumstances have made'it;necessary.- : skins. Their appreciation of its value Territory. To-morrow. Van Honten,Treas.and Gen.Manager. 7-21-4

Juno Sun. is sufficiently'attested by the use they The BOWLING GREEN ACADEMY, 'BOWLING ,
... make of it, when they have the VA.-Opens Sept. 7th. Thorough
equipment, careful training,unequalled health
The Orange cherry, native, prod- chance. Thoughtful resort record, absolute freedom from hazing,

uct from Mannville, of which we made Until the discovery of the uses o ::.:. Tourist address students JOHN uniformly HART successful.,M.A.U.of For'Va.Catalogue 7.21.8 .

mention last year, has.again come to carbolic acid, poultry men, as well asa ".. -. Thanks '
-. SALE.-16ooo orange, lemon and
our notice through a can of the fruit host of,others, were sadly in need ?; The FOR uit trees. Write for catalogue and prices.

sent by the proprietor. It is a puzzleto of' some really good deodorizer and ;,' Terse AU celsior budded Nurseries on sour, ;Lake stock.Weir J.,H.Fla.Turnley 7-7, "Ex--20 '

everybody-half plum, half-cherry disinfectant, .though now we have .' ,' Tutor TREES-At greatly reduced prices, z

in qualities arid appearance-yet unquestionably something which can be relied upon : That ORANGE the hard times. W H. Mann, ,

destined to be a gain to for the purpose, while the various ..'3 Tells Mannville,Putnam Co., Fla. 7-7-7

the pomology of Florida. In physical uses'it can,be and has been applied to -, FOR EXCHANGE::Rat cuttings of the Giant
]: The (Slncnsis)for established plantsof
is1 but in
characteristics. a cherry, are so numerous we shall not attemptto ', Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta). Citrus trifolia-
flavor it i is '' and Lice mice and { Truth. ta seed for and
a' plum, a good one, enumerate them. honey peen-to peach seeds. J.
too. Its powerful 'acid makes it a other parasites which infest the poul-- ;*: The L. NORMAND,Marksville, La.

terror to the housewife who is economical try house, as well'as the poultry, havea .:'. "h'f?.-..:< Typical LOUISIANA grass GRASS.-Paspalum in Florida for lawns plalycaule or per-),

of sugar, yet its body and wholesome dread of this acid, the ':..'';" Trip manent pasture Will grow where Bermuda
: < "' does. Can be planted time of the
richness well the outlay. Its odor from it which is any year when
repay very penetra- ,, jr: Thine ground is moist. Sets-25 cts.per 100,$i.y per
long bearing season ,and great prolifi- ting, causing them to skip for pasturesnew ;;.; Via 1,000 by mail. W.'H.Powers,Lawtey,Fla. tf

cacy are points in its favor, the former in double-quick time It has also ;.. FOR SALE for cash,time or trade,orange groves,
being remarkable for'deciduous fruit been used, diluted with water, as a ':: -: The and timber lands.' E. RUMLBT,Keuka,
: JlLa.
in this climate. remedy for scab leg or poultry itch, ''., : Tropical 3-ii-i6t

but it must be used with caution hereor .' r' Trunk_ A will GOOD lease CHANCE.-To a four-room a house desirable and ten party acres I

How's This! it cause considerable sufferingat Line.For (two cleared) in Lawtey, for a smaU rent, to be
in work.
paid entirely Enterprising men clear
We offer One Hundred Dollars reward the time to the fowls.-Baltimore $200 to$300 per acre iu strawberries. Address
STRAWBERRY,this office. -
for any case 'of Catarrh that Sun. maps and particulars address,'*

cannot be cured by Hall's, Catarrh .. G. D. ACKERLY, FOR CUTAWAY HARROW prices,address E.
I Hubbard, Federal PointFla.,State
; Agent.
Cure. F. CHENEY& Co.
J. LADIES'XMding IO-21-tf
Toledo -O., a tonic, or children who want bond. ,
lug up,should take
We, ,the undersigned, have knownF. BROWN'S IRON BITTERS. THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, Notice of Application for Discharge

J Cheney for the last 15 years and Biliousness It'll pleasant, Liver; cures Complaints Malaria and, Indigestion Neuralgia: Jacksonville, Fla. of Assignee.To .

believe him perfectly honorable, in ,all .. Guardian's Notice. all whom it may concern:
his business transactions and financi- TAKE NOTICE, That I have filed my final re-
Price's Cream Powder
Dr. Baking
guardian of the following minors,viz:C.B. in the Clerk's office of Duval County,and
,ally able to carry out any obligationsmade World' Fair Highest Award. AS Holgerson, Mary E. Holgerson, now Mary that I wilt apply,thirty days from this' date, to
by their firm. B. Rodriques, Laura Holgerson,Albert 'H. Hol the Judge of the Circuit Court of the Fourth Judicial -
gerson and Hardy Holgerson,I will, on the 3d Circuit for Duval County, Florida,at the'
WEST & TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists, CorryIT STANLEY'S day of September, 1894, at 10 o'clock a. m apply court house, or wherever the said Judge may
HING .*! Steel Hinge to the County Judge of Duval County, Flor- then bt.for an order approving the same,fixing
Toledo, O.WALDING They are Stronger,Handsomer ida,at his office,in Jacksonville. Florida, for an my compensation and granting my final dis-
KINNAN & MARVIN and cost no more than the oldstyle. order to sell and convey all the right,title and charge.
YOUR For sale by Hardware interest of the said minors to the following described JOHN G. CHRISTOPHER,
Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. Dealers generally but If'not InDOOR land,in Duval County, Florida, to-Wit: Assignee John B. Togni
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken 'inter your vicinity ,write the Manu The south half of the north east quarter and August 6,1594. 8-n-4t
facturers. Send for Biography the west half of the south-east quarter of section
nally, acting directly upon the blood of a Yankee Hinge,"mailed free. 30,township 2 south range 27 east. BnXSBHtX.CfcttUr. VUt.
To be sold for the use and benefit of said FoUnd CUaa
and mucous surfaces of the system. minors. PIGS. Jersey GueraMT aad

Testimonials free. Price 750 ,per ZEPH HARRISON, Bol Sheep.efJa'Fine Cftttl?Prater.ThonvfUr HantUgad

bottle. Sold by all druggists. TEE STANLEY WOBX8,New BrUaiaCt. August 4,x894. Guardian.-SW &W.& ITB. vine.Hon Chester Dop.C.Catalogue..Feu*

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; SAVANNAH LINE. The Clyde Steamship Co. .

r Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours.



The magnificent Steamships. of this Line are appointed

II Pa..a..K8 I tasttets I to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion, 843.50; Both ways :
t Steerage$12.50. (STANDARD TTMB.)
.. Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin $27.oo; Intermediate $21.00 Excursion, $47.301 From New York. From Jacksonville
Steerage $14.25
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: (Pier 29, :B. R.) STEAMER Florida.

FROM, SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Friday July ajth,at 3 pm."ALGONQUIN".Thursday, Aug 2d, at 5.oo am
(Central or goo Meridian Time.) Tuesday ?ist, atapm."SEMINOLE".Sunday: 5th,at 7130 am
City of Birmingham Friday, Aug 3d, atspm. "IROQfJOIs;"........Thursday, .' 9tht at 11:00 ami.oopm
Kansas .Friday, Aug. 3, 7.00 a.m. Tuesday, a' ...... "
at3 "CHEROKEE" 12th,
City.......Sunday, Aug. 8.ooa.in. p .Sunday, at :
w Nacoochee .... .Tuesday, 5, Friday, .I', Ioth.at 3 p m. 'SEMINOLE".Thursday, 16th,at 4:30: a m
City of Augusta...................................Friday, Aug.Aug. 10 7,10 a.m. Tuesday, 14th.at3pm..hIROQUOIS..Sunday. igth,at 6.ooam
of i.oop.m. 17th,at ...... "
City Friday "CHEROKEE"
BIrmingham. 3 p Thursday, 23d at 9:30: a m
i, Kansas City. .Sunday, Aug. it, i.oop.m. Tuesday, 21st, at 3 p "SEMINOLE" ......Sunday, .* 26th,at 1.1:00: n'n
Nacoochee ..........Tuesday, Aug. 14, 4.ooP.m. Friday, 4' 24that3pm."IROQUOIS"..........Thursday, .3oth,at 4:00am
City of Augusta.... Friday,, Aug. 17, 6.ooa.m. Tuesday 4' 28th, atspm.... ..."CHEKOKEE". .... ...Sunday, Sept 2d, atM 5:oo am
r Kansas City of Birmingham.]......Sunday Tuesday, Aug Aug. 21 19, 8.30a.m.7.00 a.m. Friday 3ist at 3 p m."SEl\UNOLE";:........Thursday, '6th,at 9:00 a m.

Nacoochee City..Friday, Aug. 24.1I.co a. m. -

City City of of Birmingham Augusta.....................Tuesday.Sunday,, Aug.A.ug.26.28, 3.30 I.30p.m.p.m. ST. f OHNS RIV&R' : LIN:z.
_M .Friday, Aug. 31 6.00 a. m.
Tallahassee For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points
Chattahoochee.. .Thursday, Aug. 2, 6.oop.m. on

-! ....... .............. Thursday.Thursday,, Aug.Aug, 16 9,1I.3oa.m, the St. Johns River. "
t Chattahoochee............. 5.oop.m s
.. .;.........................Thursday, Aug.Aug.23 30,lo.ooa.5.00 p.m.m. l lI'.,

Steamer "EVERGLADE" '.
r (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) ..c.J.1'- : .

Dessoug Dessoug.?._...........Friday Aug. 10, i.oop.m. Capt. W.A.SHAW ",,'
.Monday AUg.20. 7.303. m. t !!
Dessoug..Thursday, Aug. 30, 5.00 p. m' Leaves JACKSONVILLE from foot of Laura Street, at 5.00 p...in:

: Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of
Georgia Savannah, Florida & Western Railway
aw Florida Central& Peninsular Railroad. PALATKA, SANFORD, ENTERPRISE,
Through Bills of Lading Tickets,and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South.
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to 'I And Intermediate Landings on the St. Johns River. ,
y WALKER,Agent C.G. '
New Pier No.35,North River J.New York. City Exchange ANDERSON Building Savannah.Agent. Ga. Leaves SANFORD, 5.00 a. m., and ENTERPRISE, 5.30 a. m.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents Lewis' Wharf/Boston.
W. X..JAMES,Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadeiphla.W. MONDAYS AND THURSDAYS, for JACKSONVILLE.General .
H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C.R. R.,317 Broadway New York.
; J.D.HASHAGEN Eastern Agent. Sav.,Fla. &Western Ry.Co., 261 Broadway.N.
4$ J.L. ADAMS Gen'l East.Agt. F. C. &P. R. R., A..DeW.SAMPSON General Agent, Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville

f ... J. P.BECKWITH 353 Broadway General Agent,New York.71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.306 Washington St., Boston. A.J. COLE,Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green New York. .
t WALTER HAWKINS Fla. Pass.Agent, W.E.ARNOLD Gen.Trav. Pass.Agt., M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green,New York.
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. THEO. G. EGEK, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green,New York.F. .
M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida :Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fta.
W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED JOHN L. HOWARD Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street Jacksonville,Fla.
t 1875. J. B. BOURS. J. A.LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville,Fla. !...

WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., ; WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l' Agents,

1 2 South Delaware Avenue."Philadelphia. 5 Bowline Green. New York.

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers, METAL ACCLIMATED- .

, alii 'VV"EST BAY 1sT., J'AOK80NV IriIsIC s P'I A.We -

Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of for yourWAGONS, ,'

Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal -


tc Cotton Seed Meal Both Any size yon want,20
Bright and Dark. to 66 in.high. Tires 1 _
to 8 wide-hubs to = the best for the far South.
f fit any axle. Haves =
PURE GROUND BONE Coat many times in MILCH I 'COWS.
a season to have Bet
Insert-Mien Fertilizer Co. of low wheels to fit
NITRATE SODA, your wagon for hauling Write for Circulars. ,J, ;
grain, fodder, manure Y ,*\3j 3 :''
Star Brand Fertilizers pr MURIATE OF POTASH bogs&c. No resetting of -1 j -
tires. Oatl'g free. Address ROSELAND PLANTATION
Bainbridge.Georgia. .
Quincy, ,.
Orange Tree and Vegetable
:a r KAINIT Etc.

These Fertilizeni have no superior in the market,and a trial will convince.
j Send for Catalogue free. NEW CROF
JOHN L. MARVIN Per pound, postage:paid, 250.; ten pounds express -
i> not paid, isc.per pound; per bushel -
President.v and over.60 pounds 650. ,'
H. T. BAYA THOS. W. CONRAD, Parks Cemeteries and Private Places laid cut Full line of ?

Cashier.. Assistant Cashier. by contract or otherwise. No. 19, 5th St.Spring-
f CAPITAL 100000. field,Jacksonville. FI&LD: AND .


S&DS.: :

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, in will have readers .
Now preparation 500,000 .SENDFOR SPECIAL PRICE
J Respectfully solicits your Deposits Colleetions throughout America-in which your orange LIST..
>and General
grove will be advertised at our expense until L. CAMERON
g :Banking :Business.CORRESPONDENCE sold. Details on application to. ,

.... GEO. H. CHAPIN, Seedsman.
Herald Building, BostonSALEOn. Jacksonville Florida
if .
John L. Marvin. A. B. Campbell,, Chas. Marvin, Durkee Shell Road, only two miles from MiOHIMERYffTb.
H. T. Baya T. W. Roby. Judge R. B.Archibald Court House. House ,has 4 rooms, closet and All kinds of tool. b'ortuneforI tfiedriller by using our
Adamnntineprocesscnntake core. Perfected Economicnl
Deed -All -
lot perfect. taxes paid.
Judge E. M. Randall, C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson porch Will sell; cheap 110x51.for cash. Address MATT. G. Let nshelpTOU.Artesian Pumping THE( AMEItlOAN Rig to work WELL by Rteam'I,OILKb Air rtc.
Mgr Dr" H. Robinson., John E. Hartrldge. JOHNSON Jacksonville;Fla": ,Aurora, ]JlU Cblea o. I1L| Dallas, Tex. ,

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1. & ..- 4 .. .'i -t ',' -:. ".-

'\k",,.' :.A: ; '. Do.you wish'.to,increase your PROFITS From; 50.to 500.per' cent- _on :'Ya ;


.. \

;{<. j; .-I '" :.;

Then'READ CAREFULLY the new pamphlet prepared by,the above ompany. for season of '94-95', which. .

gives,- more valuable information than any'other publication in existence. ., x..

:A COMPLETE TREATISE. on the most successful fertilization of young and bearing orange trees on pine, .. w

.. and'hammock lands in Florida; for INCREASED PROFITS. Sent free of charge. Address, '

. ,f- THE: PAI$1 FERTILIZER,. .C-O.t9._,:....

:i.,...': .: ;", : .. ...t' ;. .: = No. 50 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
,...' .
', .
''" .

NT B. Parties wishing to buy Potash Salts,Nitrate of Soda,,etc.,ex-vessel at New York, will nd'it'. to their interest to address our office at No. i Broadway, for quotations. Always state'
quantity desired. :No sales of less. than_ .carload: tots from New York; .'
( i
\j / -- -
t 3 ., ,


SUNSET HILL NURSERIES Manufactured by the

Conta&a'lisVand description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the.Citrus
,'l'amUy.which'we.have, selected from over one,hundred different varieties grown,and tested by us
in our extensive experience of seventeen years.; We carry one of 4
L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co.
The Largest Stocks' of Citrus Trees in the United States: ? ., .

Send)lfor circulars. Address R.. 31iL. PI B RG9. . '
v Sunset Hill Lake.Co.,Fla

,Lorenzo A. Wilson. W G. Toomer.


TflH FH1TILIZHR HOUSH Op PIaOJpD.R.-" 0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla. } i

No. 8 Bostwick Block Corner Bay and Main'Streets.
. :. A FeW OF OUR SPHCIHItTIES.H. Send for Pocket -Memoranda Book.
; "

.. ..4 .". .
\' ,,,. .' -.'.;'.... 4..l'i.rr.4.tlit,,, ,..=..!>:., ...,
-- ;;1'''''1!: "7..F.-
POTASH Both ,High, and Low Grade always : 1';" "5.-

in stock, at lower 'prices than competi-

tors who have it to arrive. "

GreenRiver Kentucky Tobacco;>> Stems Always on

Fine, Ground Tobacco Stems, ,.. .

!Nitrate of Soda, Cotton ,Seed Meal, : .., ..;p.r..

Canada Hardwood Ashes. Acid Phosphate, .!".. 1 !l. R- ..t.A;'..:.

':; Sublimed Flowers of Sulphur.ELOOdANDBONE. oJ 'r.. r .4, '. sa
w /5j

't f .....
: m ;
The Fallow. Land Plow.
Manufactured expressly for use in the light sandy'lands of Florida. This

A1 TDAGRICULTURAL- plow;excels. in turning over and covering weeds and trash in soft fallow ]land,

,. CHEMICALS which every farmer knows is not an easy task. Cuts eight inches, light
two-horse, steel point or cast point, steel landside and steel moldboard. '
98 Per Cent. Caustic Soda. Insecticide Material Retail
Weighs fifty-one pounds. price $7.50. Given,with the paper one year
AL'it AYl9 QN H.A.ND. for $5.50, or as a premium for four new subscribers at $2.00 each.


This Plow is constructed almost entirely iron; is very strong durable and yet '
light, weighing! only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very light draft. t'
wmsoH & TOO1YIj >The use of this: implement makes.gardening pleasant and profitable. With It aman
. :i. can, do a man's work and half the this
'.- work of a horse. We furnish with
. N.!r" *' TttB FHRTIL.IZHR HOUSH" -- op' FLORIDA.- ". ,plow? a sweep and a turn-shovel as well as'the bull tongue shown in the cut Man
ufacturer's pnee. $5.00. Price with this paper, 4.00 or given an a premium.for
.' :, i.. J"aok.ori e, 1'1a.. three.new subscribers at 2.00 each. k kR
",. ,. ":': .