Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00032
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 16, 1894
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00032
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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: JACKSONVILLE FLA. JUNE 16 1 1894. Whole NO. 13>3 NEW SEKIES.
t S. Powers, Publisherand Proprietor. Vol VIj No 34

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Geo. S. Hacker & Son, W. C. WILL. ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F.JONES.


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l ) 09 58 fc 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN ST., RUBBER
1 v N. Y.

CTJ' 3 0GO : WHOLESALE FRUITS AND VECET ABLES. Is unequaled for house, barn,factory or outbuildings -
C and costs half the price of shingles, tin or
iron. It is ready for use and easily applied by
.. a. Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application Reliable agents wanted at anyone.
O :;- all principal shipping points, ... FOR SHED OR HENHOUSE.On .
O 'CC- = First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Brad- steep or flat surface. Excellent roof,complete.
-- '. street's Agencies. $8.00-Per 100 Square Feet-$2.00
Send stamp for sample and state size of roof.

J A\nd\ Building Material.CHARLESTON OLD ROOFS.
Queen City Fruit Auction Co. Protect your Buildings with Slate Roofing
Paint, which neither cracks in winter nor runs
S. C. in summer. Old shingle roofs can be painted,
looking much better, and lasting longer than
BUFFALO, NEW YORK. new shingles without the paint for onefourththe

REFERENCES Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's Agencies.; cost of re-shingling. On decayed shingles
it fills the holes and and
up pores, gives a new
FtaudBuERSFruit Wrappers.NO substantial roof that lasts for years. Curled or
warped shingles it brings to their places and
FOR PRODUCTION AND PROFIT keeps them there. Slate paint requires no heat-
ing, is applied with a brush, and very ornamental. -
Bay Trees of Well-known' RiabIeTeoears tested Be sure you obtain our genuine article,
MORE CHEATING. which is chocolate color.


Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may @ GLEN ST MARY NURSERIES Q is acknowledged the best paint in the market l
now know that they get an honest ream for durability. It has a heavy body: is easily applied -
of ; expands by heat, contracts by cold, and
480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto
cracks scales. One coat is
SATSUMA ORANGES, ,. never or equal to 4
hardy and early. PECANS best Paper-Shell variety. CAMPHOR TREES.
ream as some unscrupulous dealers PEARS, all kinds, immense stock. WALNUTSEng.JspandCalifornia.; TEXAS UMBRELLA. of any other paint. Buildings covered with felt
supply. PEACHES, 60 varieties, new and old. CHESTNUTS,Japan Mammoth,fine. GREVILLEA ROBUSTA. can be made watertight at small expense,and
PLUMS, best Japan and native sorts. OLIVES and APRICOTS. MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA preserved for years. Write at once for Cata-
OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE" GRAPES, good supply, all leading kinds. POMEGRANATES. ROSES, 60 varieties. .*. Correspondence Invited .*.
Oilier kind**lots of them-write for what ;you want.
FREE: Specimens of fruit In "season, ; and our experience and information as to adaptability to INDIANA PAINT & ROOFING CO.,
Printed Wrappers are put up in packagesof your locality, worth much more. For instance,we have discarded one variety of which we shipped
1000 each, and each Wrapper is 400 bushels in 1887,and this but one of the hundreds of varieties tested. We have built our reputation 42 \Vest Broadway, New York.
on fine stock-some say the jlnest. An Ex-Governor of Fla. writes: "They are beauties.admirably
numbered, in printing, consecutively packed as to shame a novice, and even many who pretend to be experts." Prompt and careful Please mention FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.
from 1 to 1000. No one can attention to correspondence. Prices reasonable. Catalogue free.

G- L. TABEEt, Clen St. Mary, Fla. Bradley Redfleld.ESTABLISHED Eugene 1871. B. Redfleld.


prices. Send for samples and prices Y eorN Established 1883. Commission MerchantsAND

toTHE a To every one interested in plants, whether for House, Or-

chard, or garden, our New Catalogue and :Manual will be inval- -
PRINTING CO., uable. Send for it immediately. We can supply all Fruit trees Fruit Auctioneers

i grown in the South, beside Ornamental and Useful plants ,
and trees from the Four Quarters of the Earth." (From "Aloeto 141 Dock Street, riilladelphla, Pa.
N. B.-"We do not deal in unprinted Zingiber," etc.) Write to-day, We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
either at private sale (which has heretofore been
wrappers. REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla. our custom)or by the auction system (recently
Headquarters for New Plants. added to our business)as you may desire.


Don't Lose
S Some parts of the cOuntry. at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE, or no
oU R RE Eu Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best
T ana nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow
u for sale by Heart.PLANT
R I Ie Ie >r C. A. BOONE, Agent. .

Semi-Tropical Nurseries, Orlando, Fla, FERRY'S SEEDSthis
year,and make up for lost tlma/
'Stnhl'aJ r Ferry! Seed Annual for 1894 will j
\J Doable Acting ; One nt. 35c.; one qt. 50c, postpaid; give you many valuable hints
Excelsior Spray t' I about what to raise and bow to
i PEA onepk.$1.30onebus.4.30byexI -
I ing Outfit prevent.' THE WONDERFUL ; raise It. It contains inform
I Leaf Blight&Wormy .> I I re8s.or freight,not prep'd, includ- k tlon to be bad from no other::
I Fruit. .Insures a heavy SIX months'subscription to the source. Free to aIL
eld of all Fruit an '
Vegetable crops. Thoas-j
r 'ands in one.Send 6 cts.for FLORIDA RURALIST, Detroit
-i catalogue and full treatises MJcll.
l,, t 'WM.STAIlQuincyIII. That gives full instructions for the cultivation of the Wonderful Pea.
.R \
:- H. G. 'HASTINGS <& CO., Interlachen,-Fla.
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Numerous tests have conclusively demonstrated that the COCCIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes(white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can, how-
.ever,be more effectively reached while in the'egg,larva and pupa states. It is now in those states, but will commence hatching the fly about the middle of June.

:Now is the: TiU1e to: App1y.It .

is also fatal to the Spiders,Rust Mites and their eggs,and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods.

THE OLD RELIABLE. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it.
Single barrels,ton or in car lots.
In Great variety at manufacturers'prices.
A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost of using insecticides. Rubber hose(all sizes),plain and wire bound.
will arrive in Tune. Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides,kiln dried heads,hoops,paper,nails,etc. Pineapple crates and other growers supplies.
The rate for transporting Insecticides has been reduced from 6th class to class "K." A reduction of more than 50 per cent.

Correspondence solicited. > '

Wayoross Wharf Jacksonville. Fla.


Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement:
That SULPHUR: SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.

It lias never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as

other Insecticides have been throughout the State, .

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed.on
the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.
As sulphur will not kill all insects affectipg the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis
very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used.
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak.
These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction.
References and general directions for using furnished on application.Write .
for Price-List.


. <
.: San Mateo, F la.

FERTILIZERS: Orange Trees !
Actually and Honestly Made from Animal Bone.

This is a Guaranteed Fact.

Standard Guano & Chemical M'f'g' Go The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.

No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La. _
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.Write I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va
for Almanac,Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla. rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five
W,H.MICHAEL. Established 18G8. A.W.MICHAEL to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times,and propose to eell at
hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.

W. H. MICHAEL & SON Write for prices. M.E. GXLI/ETT.Prop.,

Successors to G.S.Palmer 166 Reads Street New York.
".:. No. 114 Dock St.West( Side), We solicit your shipments,and invite correspondence in regard to market and
prospects. Also write for stencils. References: Chatham national Bank, New
PHILADELPHIA I PA. ; York,and Dun and Bradstreet Commercial Agencies. S






-- --

J'lIall' l\e the fruit growers of Florida have savedon marketed and found sale, and if the of citrus fruits can be brought to the

It the last year's crop alone to the ex- ,general average equaled that obtainedby same opinion in reference to anyone

.1 tent of not less than $115,000, and t the Fruit Exchange for its patrons, plan, either of cultivation or marketing -

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. since the injunction was obtained, up the fruit growers of Florida receivedover their product. Human nature is

to this time, not less than $200,000. $5,000,000 for the orange crop I everywhere the same, opinionated or

Annual Address of President.Fair- Further proccedings will now be hadto alone, a much larger aggregate sum prejudiced, unequal to the solution of
banks. collect the overcharge made from than ever before realized. diverse plans. Up to a certain point

Stockholders of the Florida Fruit Exchange -the date of the exacting of the increasedrate The amount of fruit handled by the there is some harmony of thought in

: up to the time of obeying the in Exchange during the season was reference to the objects to be attained,

GENTLEMEN-The Florida Fruit junction. 439,226 packages, being an increase in but when it comes to the application,

Exchange holds to-day its ninth an- THE LAST CROP. the orange business of 25 percent over then the modus operandi becomes a

nual meeting. We have closed our When the Exchange was organized, the previous year, and 10,684 cratesof question and opinions vary in infinite

business of the last year in connec- in the whole of the State pineapples. The average gross shades. A general advantage to the
1885, crop
price obtained for was $1.75 public does not overcome the desire
tion with the handling of a portion of amounted to but 600,000 boxes the. oranges
the largest crop of oranges ever crop of 1893-4 has amounted to;over per box, and the net price at shipping for private advantage. Only a cer.

raised in the State of Florida, amount- five million boxes, an increase in nine point $1.02. The average gross price tain percentage of the growers are
obtained for the pineapple was $4.93 willing to adopt plan proposed to
ing to about 17,000 carloads.THE of about four and a half million any
years and the net price $3.16, which was bring about united action, and no
SUIT FOR LOWER RATES.I boxes to cent. The
750 per
satisfactory the will be
regarded as by growers. plan regarded as satisfactorywhich
am very glad to be able to con- growing season was unusually favor- Although the portion of the does not accomplish the virtual
gratulate at this time on the final able; no frosts, no droughts or unfa-
you crop of oranges handled by the Ex. impossibility of eliminating all acci-
conditions affected the
decision of the case in which pro crop change was not a large percentage of dents, delays, conditions of weather,
ceedings were instituted by the Flori-- until the severe storms of August last, the entire crop, yet, when we deduct financial conditions, faults of produc-

da Fruit Exchange against the S., F. which bore heavily on the coast sec- the quantity sold on the trees or f. o. tion, packing, etc. The perfect plan
& W. Railroad and Steamship lines. tion and, to some extent, in the inte-
b. at home, a method of disposition must in the view of some be that only
As are aware, when the S., F. & rior. Much fruit was blown from the
you I always approved by us, we have which will at all times and under all
W. Railroad and other connectinglines I trees, and a still greater quantity
handled a fair percentage of the fruitas circumstances bring high prices to the
and steamship lines, without bruised and thorned, to the injury of
compared with that consigned. grower. It need not be said that we
justification as we believed, raised its keeping qualities. An excessive CONSIGNMENTS BEGUN AGAIN. have not succeeded or pretended to
their rate of transportation of oranges amount of moisture diminished the
have secured that ideal nor have we
cent in November, 1890, we more thorough hardening of the rind, We have always advised selling at
.4 33 per ever expected to so. We have
and to this home if a fair price could be obtained.
at once procured the institution of probably, owing cause aimed to get the best price that couldbe
others there unusual i We have furnished the growers
proceedings before the Interstate among was an
all and
with all the conditions and facts withinour ,
Commerce Commission to contest the tendency to decay, even with the
return to our fellow all that
increase of freight charges, and em most careful packing and handling.The knowledge bearing on the probable their fruit would bring growers in the market.
failure of the of the market value of the fruit, and i
M. apple
ployed the Hon. Charles Cooper, crop We have now had an experience of
North would have been have left them to decide for themselvesas
from Flor- a large
member of Congress
nine in marketing citrus fruits
Mr. factor in our favor had the business to the price to be asked if purchasedon years ,
ida, as our counsel. Cooper, and that amount of experience should
handled the interests of the country not been subjected the trees or f. o. b. on the cars.
with signal ability, case,
in teach us the value or want of value of
presented with great skill our testimony to a financial depression which We had succeeded nearly puttingan our plans and methods. We have
in the and which end to the consignment system so
and obtained a reduction of began early season, desired to
always adopt
terminated. Thousandsof that nearly seventy cent was soldat any sugges-
has per
one-half of the increased freight. not yet which
tions or plans would be likely
home but the
manufactories closed during past season
were or reduced
The railroad and steamship companies to benefit the fruit Whenwe
the have become demoralized growers.
the number of their employeesand growers seem to -
refused to obey the decision of organized the Exchange all Florida
and was again con-
class of mechanics
the commission and we were obligedto a very large fruits were sold by consignment
and doubtless
of signed more largely,
invoke the aid of the U. S. District: usually the recipients good wages, obtained. through commission merchants with a
forced economize and unsatisfactory returns
Court to enforce the order. Mr. were to deny very general feeling of dissatisfaction.THE .
themselves the luxury of purchasingour HEALTHY GROWTH.
and the
Cooper presented our case,
matter was referred to a Special Master citrus fruits. With the largest The business of the Fruit Exchangehas AUCTION SYSTEM.

after crop ever known thrown on the i steadily and kept with We by carefully investigatingall
J. H. Durkee, Esq., who, a I grown pace began
patient and careful investigation and market, with a considerable loss by the increase of the crop, and if we the existing methods. of marketingfruit.

the reception of much testimony, re decay and with the financial disability have not drawn to our organizationthe We found that for more than

ported in our favor. His report was of so large a class of wage earnersto bulk of our fellow fruit growers, half a century all foreign fruits

confirmed by the court and an injunction become purchasers of our fruit, it I am persuaded that it i is not from any brought to this country were sold at

granted against the railroad and was not strange that prices ruled low defect in our business methods, our open auction. We learned further

steamship companies exacting the in- compared with former years, and yet, plans or our management, but to di- that in all the great markets abroadall

creased rate. From this order of the considering the enormous crop to be versity of opinions, the confusion of I fruit was disposed of similarly at

U. S. Court the railroad and steamshiplines marketed and how many and great ideas, to studied or ignorant misrepresentation -: auction, and we did not believe that

appealed to the Court of Appeals, the drawbacks were, I think we have and, most of all, to abso- such a method of sale would have

but without obtaining a supersedeas, reason to be satisfied with the average lute ignorance of our plans and oper- been adopted and persisted in unless

and obeyed the injunction.Mr. price obtained oy the Fruit Exchange. ations. Some have made only a for good and substantial reasons. The

Cooper again argued the case There has been a general tendency to single shipment, which not realizingtheir open auction system of sale has now

before the Court of Appeals, and that exaggerate the falling off in prices expectations, from no fault of been extended to all the large cities,

court, after a long consideration, has obtained during the last season. ours, and having given only that and California fruits of all descriptionare

recently rendered a decision in our, NET AVERAGE ON ORANGES AND PINES. partial trial, criticized the Exchange, sold by auction. If the systemwas
favor and affirmed the decree of Judge as though they were bound to furnish, a bad one it would have been long
Swayne of the District Court. We The net average obtained by the instead of good average prices, a cer- since abandoned.

have thus, by the aid of our able Fruit Exchange was $1.02 per box, tain satisfactory price on every ship Citrus fruits are both bulky and perishable .

counsel and supported by the justiceof this average covering all sales, good, ment. That we have secured the and to avoid storage, cartage,

our cause, three times obtained a medium, poor, culls, drops and de confidence and support of a large re-packing and other charges, it is
favorable decision. When we regardthe cayed. Of course, the average ob- body of our most intelligent fruit desirable that they should be speedilysold

fight which has been made tained on good sound fruit was much growers is evident from the subtantial, when they are in their best con-
greater, The average net amount re- increase of business and the
the railroad and steamship companies steady dition. The commission system is a
the of counsel marshaled turned to the fruit growers during the continued adherence of our patrons competition of sellers ; the profit madeis
who has made eight preceding years was $i.41 per through successive seasons. in the amount handled, and the
against our attorney, box, and the falling off in this pan-
effort is to sell at some price and get
the fight single-handed, we have rea- of THEORIES AND THEORIZERS.
icky year general depression,
back advances for
freight or
son to congratulate ourselves on the has been but 39 cents per box. And The mistake made by a great money.
k result and to recognize the ability and although the financial condition ol many fruit growers is in theorizing in The auction system brings about a
competition of buyers with quick
skill with has beenmanaged
which our case much than dur- and
the country was worse respect to practical questions,
sales and quick returns with small
r by Mr. Cooper. ing any of these previous years, yet supposing that a large number of The safety in the auction
SAVING TO THE GROWERS. the whole of this enormous crop ol people who are engaged more or less, expenses.

By this action of the Fruit Exchange upwards of 5,000,000 of boxes was but not exclusively, in the production Continued on page 382.








Notes of Progress. to be influenced by his seductive argu- To many, this ignoring or setting asideof been able to make any money to
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: ments, and influence them to stay out the Exchange by the promoters of speak of on Florida oranges. We
Thinking you might wish to keep of an organization which has been that convention, seemed to indicate a much prefer to handle California
your readers posted as to the work of launched for their benefit and that of lack of wisdom and foresight whichwas oranges as none are consigned on
our association, I will say that the their neighbors and the State at large.I very discouraging. And now commission and in consequence we
work of organizing local unions is have information from many sec- comes organization of the growers buyers are put on an equal footing.If .
progressing satisfactorily, and many tions of the State that these influencesare at Leesburg to carry out the plan the Florida growers would only
new members are joining the oldunions. at work, but I have sufficient con- proposed by Mr. Mote, which is stop consigning they would no doubt
fidence in the growers to believe that another nail in the coffin of the Orlando be able to realize more on heir
_ I was requested by the citizens of their good common horse sense will plan. fruit."
Hawthorne to attend a meeting there prevail, and that they will not allow The effect of the antagonism to the These parties purchase by the carload -
for the purpose of organizing the these elements to seduce them in any Exchange displayed at Orlando has and it is the experience and
growers on Thursday last, and I also way. They understand, of course, been to largely increase subscriptionsto advice of such dealers that the growers -
attended a similar meeting at Ro- that these are the very people who its stock and membership.I will do well to be guided by. It
chelle on Friday for the same pur- made necessary the Orlando conven- believe that the Florida Fruit and is the Mote plan that will encourage
pose. I will say that we had a very tion; that they are the people against Vegetable Growers' Association must, such buyers to increase their dealings,
enthusiastic meeting at both places, whom we are organized, and I cannot to accomplish its mission, eventuallyunite and so increase the growers' profits.W. .
and while there had been some dissatisfaction believe that they will capitulate to the with the Fruit Exchange as its R. HILLYER.
expressed by certain growersas enemy at this stage of the game; andI agent or medium for marketing crops. Washington, D. C.
to some features of the plan, their think that any grower who allows As I suggested in my former letter, 4
objections wet e entirely removed afterit himself, either through hope of per- and as the officers of the Exchange Evils Remediable and Remediless.Editor .
was explained, and to a man they sonal gain or other selfish motives, to itself have repeatedly proclaimed, the Farmer and Fruit Grower:
joined the local unions and each one be induced to stay out of the organi organization is purely and simply The discussions of the marketing
seemed enthusiastic and desirous of : zation or to urge others to withdrawor composed of the growers themselves; problem and the articles in connectionwith
securing these tenefits for their neigh to put the least obstacle in the pathof it is the creature and servant, and its it that have appeared in THE
bors as well, and have agreed volun our success is taking upon himself a system and methods are open to mod. FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, since '
tarily to do all they Coin to induce tremendous responsibility, as it is just ification at any time when the majority the Orlando convention are very in-
new'members to join the association. such men who have in the past, and of its stockholders deem it wise to teresting. Let us hope that the
The growers are beginning to real- will in the future attempt to bring fail. make changes.I growers will get some benefit from the
ize the fact that there is absolutely no ure to any organization of this kind.I do not share with Mr.' Sellmer his organization formed at the conventionor
good reason why any man who is in- am pleased to state that very littleof prejudice against the auction system. from the discussion of the matter
terested in the welfare of the State this work is going on, as these peopleare My experience shows that he is mis- since or from both. _
should stay out of our local unions, as being watched, and I think they taken about the slaughter of produce But in the discussions at the con-
the absolute necessity for an organi-- will have very little success in their by auction sales. The different gradesare vention and since, certain things are
zation of some kind is too apparent to efforts to again disorganize the growers. not sold together and do not bring taken for granted that should not be,
require discussion. New unions are being organizedevery one price, either for quality or sizes. and certain evils as remediable that
In my travels about the State I find day, and most of the old unionsare On the other hand there is great dis- perhaps are not so, and the facts
that it is almost invariably the case reorganizing under the plan adopted crimination'made by buyers, and a should be very carefully looked into
that wherever there is opposition to by the State convention. wide range of prices as to quality in before feeling to sure that the way out
the plan or work of the association, i L E. GILLETT, every sale. The auction system was has been found from the average
there is some motive behind it all General Manager.Ocala adopted after a thorough trial of the grower's trouble about the marketingof
which actuates the opposition. In ,Juno 4. old methods and its advantages his crop.
many cases local buyers who are decidedly .-. greatly exceeded its shortcomings. I There is no question that transpor-
narrow-minded In their views, The Mistake of the Orlando Con- do not believe Mr. Sellmer's chargeof tation rates are too high. Organizationand
oppose our work and are doing all vention. favoritism. This is one of the spe- concentration of shipments can be
they can to induce the growers to Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: cious fabrications of the enemies of made a lever, powerful to remedy this.
stay out of the association, or to with- The great variety of ideas expressedin the Exchange intended to frighten the But as regards the manner of selling
draw if they have joined. Many of your columns by numerous corre- gullible and inexperienced from pat. and regulating shipments to avoid whatare
the local buyers are broad enough in spondents on the subject of market- ronizing the growers' own original or- called gluts. Those are the points 1
their views to see that it will be for ing emphasizes the doubts entertainedby ganization. We have patronized the to look at, and growers should not '
the benefit of all to have the grower many of the teasibility of unitingthe Exchange more or less for years, following shut their eyes to facts, nor allow
secure the best results possible, and army of big and little growers and the plan proposed by Mr. themselves to believe that they have
they are willing to enter the field with securing their adherence to any one Mote, viz: sell at home or throughthe discovered a way to help themselves in
other buyers and compete with them definite system. This was my pre- Exchange. regard to those two points unless it is
for the fruit. They realize that if diction in a former communication, Without discussing these points really so.
they are thus forced to pay larger published before the Orlando conven- urther I venture 10 renew my former As regards the manner of selling, it
prices to the growers it will make but tion, based upon years of observationas suggestion, and hope brother Adams is proposed by the new organizationto
very little difference to them in the a grower and marketer of Florida will not attack me for it again ; that sell through commission houses at
markets, as the market price will be oranges, and my strongly expressed the local unions or branches can send private sale. There may be a reduc-
higher and their profits will be as convictions stirred up the wrath of delegates from its own members who tion in commission charges on accountof
great as though the grower were com- friend D. W. Adams. : are stockholders in the Fruit Exchange increase in value of business fur-
pelled to sell at a ruinously low price. No one questions the wisdom of or- instructed to use their prox- nished by the Association, but the
These men are not grumbling at all, ganizing the central Growers' Associ- ies at elections for directors that will business otherwise must be done in the
but are actually joining our associa ation and establishing local branchesin carry out any modifications of the same manner as in other years. The
tion.The every neighborhood to work withit. system of marketing that seems wiseto talked-of four per cent. rate is impracticable
narrow-minded buyer, however, But the weak point in the Orlando the growers. The Exchange is in the estimation of common
who is selfish enough to desire successin convention was the attempt to pledgethe not a close corporation, nor a hide- sense men familiar with the expensesof
this business for himself only, feels growers to accept and support the bound aggregation of old fogies. It doing business in our large cities.It .
intuitively that if the work of this association untried scheme adopted by the major- is the Orange Growers' own organization. might work with large consignments
succeeds, as we are confidentit ity for disposing of the crops througha handled rapidly at auction, but not
will, that he will be compelled to new and inexperienced agency.Is Supplementing what Mr.: Stivendersays otherwise.
enter the field with competitors, and it reasonable to ask the old and about consigning our produce to Now, as to regulating the shipmentsto
that he could not be able to secure the well established Fruit Exchange to commission houses and what these avoid gluts. There seems to be a
advantages he has hitherto had by step down and out and abandon its same commission men have told himas general belief among growers that the
using his knowledge of the necessitiesof partially successful system, and to buying direct from the growers, low prices of last season were largely
the growers as a means of securing to expect the hundreds of I venture to quote from a letter froma owing to gluts. This is one of the
their fruit at exceedingly low prices. growers who have stood by buyer of Florida oranges in a west- things taken for granted, but without
Another enemy of the association i is I it for years to give it up ern city who is rated by Dun's evidence. As a matter of fact, all,,the
the solicitor for commission houses,, for a new and doubtful organization register at a capital of a million markets were liberally supplied throughthe
who sees his chances of obtaining fruit; which with new men must win the dollars and who will not receive fruitson entire season, and the prices wereas
for nothing, as in years past, is rapidly confidence of growers before they commission. The letter is dated high as the quantity of fruit that
slipping away. Of course, he does i will unite on it? May 12, 1894. The writer says : had to be sold, and the decreased pur-
not enjoy the situation, but expects to I This very opposition to the old "The Florida orange trade is not chasing power of the average consumer -
,work upon the prejudices and selfish l Fruit Exchange defeated the main very satisfactory from the fact that so permitted. Prices were low largely
interests of those who are weak enough l object of the Orlando Convention. many are consigned. We have not for the reasons that we had fifty.-cent







wheat and seven-cent cotton at the J.T01le and Orchard.: more of the matter until he harvestedthe from them ; in fact, he fully expected:

same time.A I apples, then his eyes were opened.For they would be killed by our severe

careful study of the receipts of I thirty years no such fruit had winters. However, they withstoodthe
c oranges at the main receiving points Pear Blight,Iron and Sulphur. been gathered in that orchard-fair, freeze of March 26th, seeminglywith

each week last season will show that Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. sound and large.I perfect defiance. They are sup-

the natural movement of the crops In' your issue of June 2d, "F. B. mention these things to show how posed to be less than three years old,

could not be very much better regulated C.," of Jackson county, misquotes me valuable and essential paris green and are now in full bloom, giving

even if in the hands of an auto- on the question of blight. I only care spraying is to apples, and that perhapsit every assurance of a full crop of well-
crat. Therefore too much should not for the mistake as it is a question thatI might be equally so to oranges. matured oranges in season. Mr.

be' expected of any system of regula- am anxious to get further informa- But I have an impression that arseni- Tift is not disposed to permit these
tion in regard to. If we are protectedfrom cal have been condemnedfor the lull
tion from this end, even were it preparations young trees to carry crop of
blight in this section it may be have solutions fruit have to
practicable. oranges, nor copper they put on maturity,
Figured down then, the two evils because we have iron and sulphur in been recommended.Will and will have many of them pinched
our soil, and no lime. kindly explain why these .
remediable are too high transportationand you off.The
We have no fixed opinion on the universally and Gazette is the
commission rates. The first i things so effectuallyused watching careerof
should be fought against by organization question. We have no blight as yet, for all sorts of vegetables and this young orange grove with much
and Northern merchants report that fruits not used trees? interest.-Tifton Gazette
and concentration of shipment, are on orange April 27th.
and in every other lawful way. The the pears from this section are excep- One pound of paris green to 200 4

transportation lines should recognize tionally fine. gallons of water would be 38 grainsof An Insectivorous Tree.
Our soil is full of iron and sul
. the grower's right to his part of the the poison to a gallon, an amounttoo There is an insect-feeding plant,
pro rata as they recognize each other's.Those phur and there is no lime in it. small to be at all injurious to the satracenia purpurea, that is as

who want low charges for In short distances around us pear apple trees or fruit. nearly human in its habits as the

selling should look into the auction orchards are seriously injured by How then can it be detrimental to whistling tree. The leaves uniting at

system which is by far the most econ- blight. our orange trees or their fruit ? their edges, are transformed into ele-
Question : Has the presence of Our rains would wash off the
ical and speedy way of handling fruit summer gant amphorae, narrow openingof
iron and sulphur anything to do withit trace of the poison.We which is surrounded
sales and on the average as advanta- every by an ample
? or is it only a chance that we have
material that is
want auricle decorated with scarlet
to the least for the a spray green
geous, say groweras
missed it far? Has the absence of
so harmless to and red veins which the
any other way-I mean for the vegetation thoroughly to species owes
lime anything to do .in the matter ? destructive to insect life. its from the
bulk of our fruit some name. Transpiration
great ; growers
I should like to hear further fromF. L. H. ARMSTRONG.St. leaves their under
who have built up a trade and reputa only taKes place by
B. C., of Jackson county, and I Nicholas,Fla.Insurance. surface. Its leaves
tion and outlets for their "pack" can display a strong
would like extremely? to hear from a 4 mid-rib which extends
do better otherwise. But in a generalway beyond
Washington county observer on this of Oranges.Editor blade and ends in
and on large crops the auction is an elegant cylin-
best and can be made much the subject.I Farmer and Fruit-Grower: drical cup provided with a hingedlid
have this a good of An idea has struck which I
cheapest.As year crop me, con- which spontaneously opens and
pears and the trees are looking remarkably sider important enough to call. your attention closes, according to. the state of the
the of
to com-
outcry fine hav-
although we are to.There .
mission men I think that with present ing extremely dry weather. ale methods of insurance in atmosphere.During night this lid sinks down

facilities for getting information as to My peach and plum crop is an entire almost every business. Now,why couldwe and hermetically closes the little vase,

reliable ones any grower being caughtby failure, and the trees have not not have our oranges insured? which then fills with limpid water,
of the few crooked houses in
one grown as well as usual.S. If I knew that in any event I was exhaled by its walls. During day the
the business is be in
apt to lacking
S. HARVEY. certain to get so much a box for my lid is raised and the fluid evaporatesmore
common sense or ordinary prudence. Molino, Escambia county, Florida. oranges I could rest more easily on a or less completely. Into this
In our section, the Indian river, -
night when the was moving
mercury drawn
cup are by some strange
the quantity of oranges produced: is The Thrips-Insecticides, Etc. downward. I would simply insure means, myriads of insects of all kinds
so small in proportion to the general
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: against frost, and put a uniform rate that are eaten by this plant, and per-
from one to two cent. of it
crop ( per Can you give us the life history of per box. You see it is very seldom fectly digested. The common name,
and the doneat
only) marketing being
the end of the general the thrips ? its round of eggs, larvae, that the freeze strikes all over, so that hence, is "fly-catcher." A fluid ex-
the insect, its mode of action and its the people who escaped need not tract from the root is manufacturedby
the conditions are not the depredations ? So far as I have grudge the help that would go to the pharmacists, and physicians use ,it
that confront the
same majority
great learned its operations are upon or- sufferers. The growers themselves largely in their practice as a digester.

of the growers. ange blossoms, or t e embryo fruit. could take stock in the business, so The root nicely washed, peeled and
Therefore I write this
not from
a It appears to be entirely indifferent to that they would get the benefit of any chewed is used in its crude state, andis
local point of view but a general one
the insecticides at present used, and dividend that might accrue.It pronounced by many more effica-
combining with it the experience of
the only way to destroy them is to might not be advisable to make cious than that prepared more elabo-
twenty years as a fruit dealer and strike the young insects, after the the rate the same all over, but chargein rately.-Tropical Sun.
commission in New York before
man accordance to the liability to frost.I .
manner of treating the larvae of cod *
becoming a grower and a Floridian. ling moths on apple trees, which is will not trespass on your time too For the week ending last Saturdaythe

PETER S. NEVINS. done by spraying the bloom or the much, and leave it to your judgmentas Jacksonville, Tampa and Key
Merritt,Indian River, Florida. whether the idea is valuable
young apples as the blossom petals to West Railroad reports having handled
.. drop. enough to entitle this effusion to a about 3,000 crates of fruit so far this

We have in mind a garden madeon The female codling moth flies from place in your paper, in which case I season. The East Coast Route reports

one of the highest and poorest one just formed apple to another, laysan would like to hear from some one abler handling 5,000 crates up to that date.

sandhills in Florida. The owner of egg in the eye of each until she than myself in regard to the matter. The fruit is now going forward in

the place was intelligent enough to has safely deposited about 300 eggs. GEO.VILKINSON.. quantity and this week and the coming

recognize the necessity of humus in Then, her life-work being accom- Federal Point, Fla. week will witness the shipping seasonat

the soil. The surface soil is more plished, she dies. In about a week its height. Both"railroads have

than 50 per cent. humus to the depth the eggs hatch and the young worms A Georgia Orange Grove. made special arrangements for hand-

of 18 inches, it having been applied bore into the apple, etc. Doubtless our Florida contemporaries ling the fruit and they are giving the
in the form of muck taken from the I I The Farmers' Advocate says : and readers will curl up their lips shippers fast service. The J T. &

edge of a lake. In that garden are I! "Spraying with paris green (one with an incredulous smile when we K. W. R'y runs a "pineapple train"to

raised cabbage, beets, cauliflower and pound to 200 or 225 gallons of water) tell them that near Tifton, fully sev northern points with the following

onions, varieties needing the highest as soon as the petals have fallen, and enty-five miles above the Florida and schedule : Jacksonville, 9 hours, Savannah -

fertility for best results as well as other when the apple is the size of a pea, Georgia line, there is an orange groveof 21 hours; New York, 2% days;

varieties of vegetables. It is done is the most effective means of killingthe forty or more trees that was unharmed Cincinnati, 334 days; Chicago, 3*

with less than one-fourth the amountof tiny worms before they have done by the freeze of March 26th. days and St. Louis, 3* days. Arrangements -

commercial fertilizers generallyused any damage." And their smile will become more have also been made with

to produce the same results. The New York Weekly Tribune incredulous when we make the further the California Fruit Express companyfor

This garden is also the last one to tells of a farmer who had always had statement that they were entirely un the use of their cars in the pine-

feel the results of drouth and is in no faith in spraying, but his orchard protected. Nevertheless both statements apple traffic. These cars were used

splendid growing condition when being badly infested with canker are absolutely true. extensively in Florida during the or-

crops in low hammock soils are worms, he was compelled to spray. The trees are from Japan, importedby ange season and gave general satisfac-

burned up. This is a practical result.It He gave them a killing dose of paris Mr. W. O. Tift a year ago, and tion. The cars can be used either as '

is based on common sense -as well green about the time when the blos- planted out as an experiment. He a refrigerator or ventilator.Titusville

scientific facts.-Florida Ruralist. soms were falling, and thought no scarcely hoped to realize anything Star.






Importers of Manufacturers of -

= -- All Kinds of
Sulphate Potash =- A BRANDS

From Germany. _

HIGH GRADE SULPHATE ........._ .._: : :_. _...._..__. _._.............E ____. ...._. Trees, Strawberries,
._ 1
90-95 per cent. 46.00 per ton. .E Pineapples.

.._. ._....__,_ -
: q -
"LiB( -
DOUBLE MANURE SALT = -- Write for a -
48-55 per cent. Sulphate Potash =_ .
Pamphlet GiirinijFilll
$27.00 per ton, free on board cars a l

Jacksonville, Fla. o Particulars

-- --- .r
:i -T-
zo -
Also large buyer of
I East Bay Street,
-_- = -

Every Kind O of _- __ .- Jacksonville, Fla.

+ __:-:-= -_ ___ _1i-i_ __________ TOLockhart

Raw Material, L _=- _- -----_ Little.SECRETARY. ,


ftJil\VEl\] IA T Rtf e1E barrels of corn and a few yams. I debilitating climate like that of Plor- hours, then, and not until then, will
to fill the soil with ; i ida than Oatmeal will
proceeded plant- j corn. make she get laborers from the North, except -
food by growing and turning under .children's cheeks while
Propagating Tomatoes by Cut rosy, corn- an occasional unfortunate, like
and crimson clover. My first bread makes them
tings. cowpeas yellow. ourselves. Myself and son, a young
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: crop of cotton was planted on pea vines .0.' man capable and willing to do a fair
I note an article in last issue of your that had died on the ground and been day's work, labor for the small wageof
A Poor Man's Complaint.Editor .
paper entitled "Tomatoes from Cut turned under. My first crop of corn seventy-five cents, which will not
fed on the decayed roots of crim- Farmer and Fruit Grower:
tings. If you think it worth publish- was buy as much provision, or anything a
to son clover. I started in with four headof Having come from Wisconsin a lit- needs will
experience man
ing you may give my poor as fifty cents buyat
your readers.On stock and $300. There are now on tle less than three years ago to try my the North.

May 10, in pruning a tomato the place ten good milch cows and four fortune in the South, and not as yet As before intimated, it is difficult for

plant, I decided to experiment on mules. Last year the farm produced being a subscriber to your valuable us to get work at all. If a white man
cuttings and set them in sand. OnMay twenty bales of cotton, over 1,000 paper but having acccess to a file of it needs help he will employ a coloredman

20, just ten days, they were well bushels of corn and fodder for the for 1891,which interests me very muchas in preference to a white man, let-
rooted and were potted in milk cans. stock, 1,500 pounds of butter, and the ( I have ten acres of fairly good ting the poor white man starve, for
On May 16 the roots had filled the net profit of all was almost $I,OOO.N. ."- pine land all set to oranges, peachesand aught he cares. Nor will they put

can and the plants were put out in the Y. Tribune. pears, none of which are in bear- themselves out the least bit to accom-
Today theyare C ing except the peaches and a few modate a close
open ground. June 4, stranger, even though a
strong, healthy plants, every cut- The Wastage of Corn.It oranges), and being obliged to work neighbor; at least we have found it so,
ting put out rooted.I has been shown conclusively by for others a part of the time in orderto and I have talked with others similarly

keep a box of clean sand, all impurity Professor Jerdon that the fodder of live and support my family, I desireto situated, and they claim the same neg-
washed out, on a latticed veranda an average acre of field corn has over reply to an article headed "Indus lect from those able to lend a helping
more units of food value than the trious Help Wanted." over the signa "
where it is partially shaded in 300 hand to the less fortunate, not even
which these cuttings were rooted. grain husked from them; and the re- ture of W. E. Driscoll, Manatee, Fla., giving us work if they can find a nig-

They were kept well watered. All sults of many feeding trials point to January i5th 1891. ger. And why is it? Probably because -
the fact that the husked First. I ask Mr. Driscoll if
water will and corn crop want to from
surplus run through they can get one to four
the bottom of the box should be open and the cornmeal and fodder fed as he was ever obliged to work out by hours extra labor over and above a

enough to allow this. The cuttings judiciously as possible, never equals the day in the country, or starve ? If legal day's work out of a poor igno- .
should be of tender vigorous growth, that of a like amount put into the siloor so, which does he prefer, fourteen or rant black and no kicking.No .

so much so that they will break on cured:: in nice shocks, then run fifteen hours labor in this broiHng sun, no; Mr. D. don't ask me to try

bending, and should be cut with a ears and all,tnrough a cutter and fed, throughout the summer months, for to induce my Northern friends to come .
very sharp knife, for a dull knife as in the case of silage, without sepa- the paltry sum of seventy-five cents, South in pursuit of labor. Better remain -
bruises. The idea that a cutting must tion.The and board yourself, or go hungry? I North and freeze in winter than
be cut near a joint is wrong. Half above, taken from the agricul- put in eighteen months in Citrus come here and fry in summer, and kill
tural columns of the N. Y. Tribune and that was the rule there,
.way between joints is better. I have county one's-self in this hot sun for next to
cuttings with. only one leaf that rooted simply serves to show the wastage of when you could get any work, whichwas nothing a day and a half, which counts
and grew off as well as those with two corn which takes place under our seldom. And the same rule applies but a day, in this centurybehindcountry. -
in Florida without here-work from sun rise to sun
present system .
or more joints. J. J. SNYDER.
The leaves are essential to root pointing out any effectual remedy. set, with only one hour to eat your Archer, Fla.,June s, IB94.
We' do advocate the silo for the cake and bacon lunch and catch
formation and should not be prunedoff. not corn Doubtless the good people of Archer -
S. extreme South, because green feed your breath, then at it again. will be able to reply to Mr. Snyder.But .
Pensacola, Fla.Cowpeas. .. can be grown through the winter so I don't know whether Mr. D. is a he is certainly in error as to
easily and cheaply. And the saving native or a Northerner, but I find no western farm wages. On a rich river
and Crimson Clover. and of fodder in difference between Cracker and
storing corn a dry farm in Ohio, to our personal knowl-
That Southern land which has been condition is greatly interfered with by Northerner with respect to hired the is
edge, highest wages paid $18 a
"run" pretty hard can be easily and the rainy season. help, so far as my observation goes ; month with a garden and a pasturefor
cheapily brought up to a state of fertility The fact of the matter is, oats ,area they all want to squeeze a poor wretchout one cow gratis, which is 69 centsa
was shown by a $25 prize essayon better crop than corn. The State of a few hours' work, which they day. We fear that a streak of bad
restoring fertility, printed in a statistics show that the grain productis have no right to ask for under the luck has made Mr. Synder misan-
Northern paper last winter. The worth nearly a dollar per acre more law which says ten hours reasonable thropical.

writer of it emigrated from Ohio to than corn. Oats are harvested before service constitutes a legal day's work. ...
Alabama in 1889. Here is his state- the rainy season begins, and if care Ten hours in summer is all they ask I II
ment: "I took charge of sixty acres was used in cutting at the proper or expect at the North, and from $i I John Schlappi says there are no
upon which an ox, a mule and a fami stage of ripeness the straw could be to $1.25 and up is the wages per day white flies in the Davis & Pinney

ly of six negroes were gradually starv- made as valuable as the corn-leaves, for common labor. groves, as he has thoroughly exter-
ing to death. The yield of the place acre for acre, if not more so. Besides, When the South offers proper inducements minated them in.these three groves.-

then was one bale of cotton, fifteen oats are a far better food-grain for a and lawful and reasonable Coast Gazette. ;.



I,J .
----------- ---

Queries About Muck. Financial. Poultry the house, or when the brooder needs
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: cleaning out.
Amounts of gold and silver coin and
I write for information on the fol- certificates, United States notes and Na- Edited by E.W. AMSDEN Ormond Fla. It is a very well written article, buta
bwing points: tional Bank notes in circulation May\ 1, man who had not the sense of smell

I have two muck marshes, one of, 1893 and 1894, respectively: Science in Poultry Raising.So ought to know how often to clean out

prhaps, one hundred acres, one of CO..C'100 ooO: o much has been said and writtenof under the hen roosts, or to cleanse the
CO fiteen. I must drain the small one .S3 Bo rco.. .. ..0..........c ..cL', late in regard to the care of floor of the brooder. He ought also
'f years I
lO lO O C O CO O 'C'1
fist: as the ditch from Lake Conway .w.+ cs QLf,:,
pisses through it to the larger one. ::s 3 I :C'f c5'ci c ,-:.;ro -:c I industry might now be reduced to a lated all the year that there would be
1O co
to) OOlCO
Have now the smaller one drained I CJ.4. COOl...... :- science. Entirely too much of the no impure air in it, and he certainly

aid about one-third of it plowed. I I: .1Q I fSr IIccnoorct various farm products put upon the has no good excuse for mixing up

plowed around the marsh in a circular I -: oo r--- markets are really unfit for human dough for hens or chickens so long
: ;;1. O C1! t- form. Two thirds of what I have o 'I' M 0..C"'o;.- t >nc xo-r I COo,.. food and are detrimental to health before it is needed by them as to allowit
tit' :- +
plowed is semi muck; that is, muck ,cc...; 'I' ourt 3 s r-: 1'0 aO 0_ ::=: 00- "."".,.I 1 tTT O- I o because they have not been producedin to get sour.Ve should prefer to

wash,mingled with sand. Now to my ...:- i .c5-0-..... =:;"r: c <<:,f CO* eo C5o' harmony with science and the nat- risk our poultry under the care of a
> I 8
first question: a :0 ural law. No other marketable man who could not smell anything than
.;s :: pro-
I. Have I not enough of nitrogen in ( O-4 I fIJ I duct shows this more than the qualityof with one who needed to be remindedby

this muck soil, and would not some ...1.... r "cctcc-rNOOCt'1 co< -0 1C' :0 t C'1to poultry found in the markets. We his nose when it was time to clean
high grade potash and Florida phos 0'0) OCtrCJ 1'0.. ..-j1: ..C'}..10 co..cJ-/oc"J oooo. 0 uj .I quote the following items from the up.It
phate be the fertilizer for Irish 1-0 Q) I rxctctcn.' '.. :-:: COco be all right to speak of the
proper ::s o ?o cooc oo Progressive Farmer. The flavor of may
and sweet potatoes? If you have some I 5 a'-o.U2r.m.. c-_i I o*.tCO o ci'C'i 1O"1QO cc t..:r-: COCO -I- eggs depends very much on the kind I. Leghorns and Black Spanish as non-
agricultural bulletins showing experi- 0 0fl s.0 v-* CC!: firs CM clci of food given to the poultry. When sitters or everlasting layers, but we

ments with potash on Irish and sweet 0o 1 U 1 :; hens are fed largely or almost exclu- never have had as much trouble in

potatoes, will you kindly state what I O C'I CC CO!: . form of potash has been the most suc- .S.:.:. s c o: I 10 cs"co 10 t..:. cessful for Irish and what form for 10 .., Ot-OTt- "'t had with Plymouth Rocks when less
is in
s'SS2 o whole watery and less firm
iwccc? oJ..cvtr:00.. ...... egg
sweet potatoes? '= o co o 10 T-cccs orHOCOOC cTiOCliOCOt than those laid than two years old. Nor have we
0- texture by grainfedhens.
... <<,Milrli ... t-,.... o
"'14 ; ;t CO '"
2. Is the bud worm that works on' The taste of the egg is also ever had any others to begin laying

the growing cornstalks the same worm < q. ; affected, being insipid and unsatisfac after hatching out a brood, and being

that attacks the end of. the growingear I >. 00 L, C'l e -r-cYJ000&t..... r0-0,:, 0.0t4- -I-rt tory when boiled or porched and less allowed to run with them, before the
? C a OCOOO-1 q fine for cooking purposes even. Thereis chickens were two weeks old, as ours
s ; ; aocroCo
3CO C : r
3. What are the best insecticides for 00_.,. t lO1O.OOOQr-;:0 c -00 0 '=' 00....+. 0 3CO no use in saying that the idea of have done this year and did last year

these corn worms? ..>.... cJH Cl i-tOi-iCOOOO O TH rM< O:") .cia ,. the quality of the eggs being influ- and yet they are confined in small

BEAR HEAD MARSH. d s a: -c lQs enced by the food of the hens is a yards, get mostly grain food, with a

Orange County, Fla. O-4 COo y;;. mere whim, since it is a well-known little grass and a few weeds, and pos-
I. The weight of testimony from OJA" lOlOiQO-fCQCOO'f o fact that the of fowls kept in the sibly few worms when the boys can
C> O H CO O t-- O -I tut'OOC' eggs
the experiment stations is in lavor of .-......co... .':0. I w- neighborhood of the sea and fed find time to provide them.
ooc '
co.... <=- 1-1 o 10 I*}
sulphate of potash for both sweet and CIJ si 0 r- c:=>0 00 UJ 1t:) cocp Some think that hen
.... ... people
almost fish-taken
I.':).. ..co.. ..00..0.. ..C': 00. I entirely on as they
Irish potatoes-say 400 pounds per 2-i.s CO.1'-' 0 1'0...... CO,... 'I"11'-ioc3 c.4 of article. It is ((0 O lQ.t't ti0 i :O N. .a '
cent ..
acre a 50 per s 8: O well as the more delicate sorts- she may, but what kind of care is
quite possible that even more wouldbe o Q)) ro U C'1 have "an ancient and fish.like" taste, it ? We should prefer to take them

advisable on your raw and proba- . . if not'"smell," and eggs coming from away from the hen entirely, and give
bly very "sour" muck. The muri-- . those regions sell for less in the mar- them to a brooder, which our neighborcalls

ate is a slightly cheaper form per unit .. .. .. .. .. .. .'CO.o .t-..... '. .. ket in some instances than those com a white pine hen; for a mother,
of potash, but it is considered that it . .10... ing from districts further inland. The than to put over 20 chickens with a

affects injuriously the flavor and con- . .C5.CO o resons why hens fed on "slops" of hen, and we think 15 is enough.

sistency of the tubers. It is doubtfulif . w 3dollars c milk, etc., are able to give no better Larger broods may run with one hen,
an application of Florida phosphates . .TH"* > eggs to their owners is because the and live through it, if well looked

would benefit the crop much. Even I .. .. ..July .. g., .. "old, old story" is repeated in their after, and so they will if they have no

bone dust, the highest form of phos- l.dollars case. You demand "the tale of hen at ail with them, but if they are

phoric acid, has little effect on pota- act notes ificates notes brick" of your servants but you give not looked after by some one better

toes in most Florida soils. them no straw to make them with. than the hen can look out for more

2. We cannot answer with certainty. .silver silversilv silvificates ificates ificatestifi notes notesStates an s: .. Curd hardly comes under the head of than a dozen chickens, they are apt
I ertca States Ba
If you will send us samples of Statescy cycerti milk, and there is little danger of to come to grief. When our time is

the two we will have them identified. coinrd arycerti 8 ry"0 d -cSM Mo having it in large quantities to offer to not as valuable as that of the hen, we
s ::
:: s
3. Good results have been attainedby oltandar tandar tandarubsida ubsida ubsidad a S22.2aSSSg E-4 your fowls. It contains all the best may put 40 chickens with one hen,
the use of Paris green-a tea- I and most nutritious portions of the and then try to help her take care of
spoonful to a bucket of water-a lit- OcocoO) roE-OoES+ milk without its objectionable watery them.-American Cultivator.World's .

tle of the water being dropped down Population of the United States May qualities. But the true feed for lay-
into the whorl of the cornstalk. On 1, 1893, estimated at 66,706,000; circula- ing fowls is one-third or
tion capita, $23.97. May 1, 1894, one-quarter
the of Paris per
ear an application green Indian ground or otherwise and
estimated at 68,153,000; circulation per corn, Fair Highesllwardl
would be risky; here a sulphur solu- capita, $24.82. oats or wheat together with milk or Medal and Diploma -
tion insecticide would be advisable. whatever scraps from the house are on our INCUBATOR and]

The of the county auditor of obtainable and as much green vegetable BROODER Old Reliable"Combined.l&S9C I y4
B. F. Moody is in the city to day to report for the month of food as they will eat; and with I-Ifoun IDte..re41a Poultry It will Clr
Orange county Mayis -|)&y you to fend 4 wntf in ttampi) for oar 1o.t
get lumber to erect a building at the these combined and fed properly your IS pap MUlociu tiring vtlaabb point
a most gratifying one and it shouldbe OB Poultry Guitar Addrew _
mouth of the Little Manatee river, a source of great satisfaction to the eggs will be of the true gold and Reliable I Incubator. .and!.!.Brooder... .Co Quincy.-'IllACCLIMATED
which he will use for a cannery. He commissioners through whose silver stamp, when the cook's fire has _u ._-.__. ____
ordered that will county refined them and them
has a canning plant wise administration the present excel- prepared as a

put up 2,500 cans per day, and part lent financial condition of old Orangehas relish for your breakfast table.

of it is already here. He expects to been brought about. This report DEVON CATTLEAND

have the cannery in operation in about shows that every cent of the county'sindebtedness Poultry Points.A -

three weeks, and will keep it runningthe has been paid and a cash writer in a Western paper says

year round canning fruit, fish and balance of $3,048.00 remained in the that among the needs of the poultry BLACK ESSEX HOGSAre
He will do business under the best for the far South.
oysters. he "must have .He
hands of the county treasurer on June keeper a nose.
the name of the Gulf City Canning Co. ist. This fine showing is all the should be able to tell when the poultry MILCH COWS.Write .

This is an industry that has a great more gratifying when it is known that house is filled with impure air in the for Circulars.
future in Florida, and thousands of substantial brick and when the under
the handsome and morning, space ROSELAND PLANTATION,
dollars worth of produce and fruit go court house, which now occupies the the roosts ought to be cleaned out; Bainbridge Georgia.INCUBATORS&BROODERS.
to waste annually in our fields for want square where formerly stood the old when the dough to be given hens or

of a home market.-Tampa. Times. frame apology for a county building, chickens has become too sour to be ----i

FOR DYSPEPSIA T is the property of the county withouta fed to them; when there are rotten A Brooder cnly$5. Bert and ehMpact for
Indigestion, and Stomach disorders,take single cent of debt hanging over it. eggs in the nest or in the incubator; testimonials ralrinz chicks: ; send; !O first for catalogue.premiums: j JjOU)
AH dealers]BROWN keep it,SI per bottle.BITTERS.Genuinehai Orlando Reporter. when there is roup among the fowl in o.s.SINGER, Boa 53CtrdlntfonG.
tlsd: mark crossed zed line on wrapper.

.- -- -
-- -
U -


. c .


Mate jfaate, Our Rural Jiome.Edited 1839. Boards, for floors .had often to -Awarded :::1

be sawed by hand, and it was not expedient Highest Honors-World's FaIr
< to lumber in that -
A sour orange grove known to be by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, way -
nearly a hundred years old near P. nce St. Thomas, Fla. for as large houses as the wealthy

--- class of pioneers needed. I
never saw "
Park was completely be-
destroyed by
ing overflowed with salt water last Aunt Fanny's letter and lecture are an artistic one, and how to renderone

September.-Eustis Lake Region.Mr. replete with good suggestions, which so, is a problem yet to be solved KEj

those intending to build would do without a greater outlay of money

Phil.Youmans came in from the well to heed ; of course, taking into than would be required for a better

Big Cypress on Tuesday night He i is consideration the fact that different looking frame house. Now I shall .

enclosing a big pasture in the Big Cypress sections of Florida are subject to dif begin my lecture : The reason you CREAM

fencing about twenty-five square ferent climatic conditions. (West Northern people have so muchof I
miles, but as two sides are already Florida might with more propriety be discomfort in your Southern homesis

fenced by other pastures, he will only .called North Florida..) that you don't know how to build B 1tAII16: j .
have to build seven miles of fence. ;.
I had hoped when this subject was them, and if any body tells you how, /

The pasture is for Parker Brothers, of broached to have had frequent contributions you think because that is not the way

Arcadia, who are now bringing over from those"to the mannerborn it is done "up North" it is not worth pom1R. ,

10,000 head of cattle.Tropical News. but It is
Floridians have been slow considering. like an old orange

Sheriff John A. Pearce is just har- in assisting in our dilemma. grower said once. He had just returned -

vesting a fine crop of silver-skin onions As to the Northerners believing from town, where a fresh lot MOST PERFECT MADE

from a half acre in his garden. The they know it all-really Aunt of Northern men had arrived a dayor A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Ret

yield was at the rate of about 300 Fanny is mistaken: in her esti two before : "I have just learned from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.

bushels to the acre. As they lie on the mate.Ve want to learn and how( to cultivate, _pack and sell 40 YEARS THE STANDARD. 'h.

ground, turned out by a light furrow are learning, (some of us in the oranges ; the very information we all

made by a. small garden plow, they dear school of experience,) how to need< so much. There is a fellow just 1

make sight worth going far to see. The live well and comfortably in Florida.I come down from the North, two or tered barn, with stalls for stock: A ,:

surface of the ground looks like a cotton include myself, being northern bornif three days ago, and he knows more veranda in front, or a porch, especi- 1

patch in September. Mr. Pearceis I may be permitted this personal about the whole matter than the whole ally if the house face the south or eastas

shipping to Carrabelle and other reference-though my residence has lot of us who have been at it for we all prefer, is desirable, also a ;

points, and will make quite a handsomesum never since girlhood been north of twenty years." porch on the north side, where one can

on his crop.-Tallahasseean.Mr. the-now happily obsolete-line of always dodge the sun. If upstairsbed
It is
for us to understand
Mason and Dixon. easy why rooms are not objectionable. A

W. J. Nesbitt has commenced It be your, houses would not suit us; youdon't hall eight feet wide running throughone
cannot too often that
shipping his Porto Ricos. They are I with repeated give yourselves room enough, side of the house with a porch at
large rooms, plenty of doors and .
turning out finely, running 18 to 20 to 'windows and nor windows enough, and last and each end, and doors opening into two

the crate. The plants are fruiting open fireplaces, are the largest, not chimneys and fireplaces or more rooms on one side the hall,
principal things to consider in build
about 50 per cent., which old growers enough. I would no more think of with windows and blinds on the
ing if the best results op
as to health and J
say is extraordinary for this variety. occupying a bed-room, long at a posite side, is a very good
happiness, are to be from
Many plants have eight and ten fine time, without a fireplace, than with- ment. The upstairs to correspond \
living in the finest of climates that !
slips and from one to three suckers. of Florida.I out windows. Chimneys cool and with the lower part except the porches ;

The patch of about 1,000 is an unusually ventilate rooms as nothing else will. can be left off, and so much of the
am sure word "Cracker"has j
even stand, and many of the never very been used "offensive My mother never allowed two daysof upper hall as is not needed for a pass
as an
plants are six inches higher than the term" in the columns of Our Rural rainy or very damp weatherto way can be used as bath and dressing

four-foot fence surrounding them, and I Home. No doubt it is sometimes pass without a fire at room or store room for trunks and other j

overlap in the rows, which are three ployed in em night or early in the evening in every things. Plan your houses as you will ;
a jocular but
feet apart. This lot of plants is a readers and contributors manner have; our occupied room in her house, and we but make your rooms large enoughand

direct contradiction of the too had seven fireplaces to four
widely much respect for the feelings of others chimneys. put chimneys in. Just think 'of J
spread report that artesian water i is to in My father had a little fire, two or three going from a comfortably warm sitting t
indulge epithets which
injurious to pines, as they have had a ter how innocent no mat- pieces of lightwood (pine), which madea room into a bedroom on a damp
touch in
heavy flooding from one to three might an sufficient draft to take all the dampness chilly night that has never had a re '7
unguarded moment chord.
times a week during the dry weather I can this of both, Northern and and thoroughly ventilate the room freshing, purifying fire in it since it :
and no fertilization since blooming Southern members of this home cirs by sending it all up the chimney. This was built, and to sleep there all night.'v :

but lumps of potash. Mr. Nesbitt i was done every night, no matter hoghot It is enough to give one la grippe,

planting all his slips and suckers this cle.We all agree that those whose lives the weather. The doors and windows rheumatism or neuralgia, if nothing ,

season.Juno Sun. were wide open while the fire worse. This is one fruitful of
have been here source
passed know best
Capt. T. T. has for how burned, unless it was rainy or damp. catarrh in my opinion.
Eyre the past to make the most of its 1
many It .
was a health measure. He and The
of the
seven years been experimenting with pleasures, and ward off the few dis mother lived I cracking ot plas
the citron to be quite old withoutthe ter with us is not on account of the .
tree, believing that as goodan comforts that exist in this climate.
article could be produced here for Glad, therefore, that "Aunt Fanny" aches and pains to which old people sandy foundation of our houses, for

commercial purposes as the importedfruit. smoothed down her ruffled feathers are so often subject. Then, again, we have not your shifting sands and

He had tried all varieties of and wrote her letter, which I trusts sixteen we Southern folks like large rooms_ we have brick or stone pillars under-

this tree that he could secure in will not be the last from her by eighteen feet is none toolarge neath. The lumber of which most
pen, though one can put with sixteen 1 houses built is
State and from foreign countries, but even if we may have to take another green, seasoned,
square, if the rooms have and when it dries
none of these gave satisfaction. Three 'lecture" with it. ED. O. R. H. three four the shrinkage
he secured or good.sized windows. causes the house to settle and the
years ago a tree from the be- ,
When the sun shines on one side of plaster to
Island of Corsica and planted it on Houses in Florida.For ] crack. The Scientific
the room draw the blinds together and American it is
his place across the river. This our Rural Home. says the black dust
you can sit in comfort on the otherside contained in the sand
morning the Captain brought into our Do know that if do with the
you you not as the room is not heated
through. mortar, and if the sand is
office as fine a sample of cured citron, want something of a lecture on the I have been about in Northern taken from
people'shouses a running stream
grown on this tree, as we have ever building of houses in the South, by and seen or well washed, it iso
sleeping rooms n not likely to break.
tasted. It has
passed through the old Floridian
an to
your new comersyou than
my drawing room, and thatis Our native yellow
peculiar process required to convert it ought not to keep asking for sug only ten by fourteen feet. 1 pine curls very i
Again, beautifully until
turns it
into the citron of commerce until it age dark.
gestions. Just to friend
sav your build houses too low
you l
as a general One of the most
has that rich flavor beautifully ceiled
now so desirablein Mary she does not
want houseat
a log thing-twelve feet from floor
this fruit. Captain is to ceiling rooms I ever saw is in the hotel built
Eyre now all. I am not a "cracker" as was e is not too much
though one can out in the
ext bay at Port
budding extensively from this Tampa and it
tree West ,
people understand that
t ist with much less. Our halls
is all
running yellow pine.
he is convinced that he has the right offensive
term, and it turned my through the center of the houses
If I have
thing, and when it is considered that feathers' all the anything in this
wrong way at first, are from ten all the
to sixteenfeet
way up rambling epistle that
2,000,000 pounds of citron are annually but I considered will be useful I
source and I wide, as a general l thing. shall be
They satisfied
imported into the United States: cooled down and : and if not, why an
I would 1
thought close at each end with folding doorsand old lady has had her
which a heavy duty must be say.
upon > give you the benefit of my experienceand side lights. Piazzas
paid, it can readily be seen that the observation. folks call them as we Southern i- AUNT FANNY. .

growing of this fruit is certain to Log houses are expensive .
prove were pioneer
luxuries if
largely and
very satisfactory.-Ft. Myers News. when my father built one here in i too much the appearance of a she I Dr.- Price's Most Cream Perfect Baking Made.: Powder.- "



-. '.


of the corsets which are so rapidly Recipes. Weather Cycles.

I Bad bloodis impairing the health and vitality of PERESKIA ACULEATA.-I have *repeat- The Weather Bureau Observer in
our women and thus aiding in the edly been asked how to prepare the lemon Texas writes in the Galveston News:
destruction of the native American vine, or Barbadoes gooseberry? leaves for There have been some studies of the
is of nine-tenths of table use. For the benefit of readersof
cause race: should be prohibited. We men new periodic fluctuation of rainfall made
all, human ailments. The most are responsible for the continuance of i recipes.Our Rural Home, I repeat some of the by Professor Bruckner, of Berne, and

painful diseases the dis- these evils unrestrained, for we only published at Vienna Austria in
most FOR GREENS-Boil the leaves with a 1891.
figuring complaints have their hold the right to vote for our legisla.. small piece of salt pork, or in salted water He found that there existed about
tors. Let our girls and women castaway simply: dressing with butter, salt and thirty-year periods; that is, it is about
origin in an impure condition of. their corsets and tight dresses- pepper, or with bacon drippings, when thirty years from the occurrence of one

the blood which was neglected they will feel fall gone" for a time; kinds drained of and greens dished may for be the table.cooked Other with maximum of rainfall until the occurrence

and allowed stand up as erect as possible, repeat them; curly-leaved dock and poke- of the next, and that the mini-
to edly draw in a full breath and expand though this latter plant should be par- mum of rainfall occurs about midway
their lungs to their utmost capacity boiled, always, before the meat is put between the times of occurrence of
IWNW1/ work itsterrible many times a day, and they will receive with it, and the tough or larger leaves maximum rainfall. In the
4T; c\: \J renewed vitality and stalks, all discarded. The tender present
; sprouts and leaves of poke make excellent century time of occurrence of
I results.1 health and beauty, and our native race greens, and are beneficial, medicinally, maximum (heaviest) rainfall was 1815,
The victims may yet be preserved from the threat- in spring, as are dandelions.. 1846-50 and 1876-80; and the periodsof

& of ened annihilation.This I SALAD-Take the leaves of the lemon occurrence of minimum (smallest)
article has been written for no 'vine, wash, (they seldom need any pick- rainfall were 1831-35 and 1861-65.
impureblood one periodical, but copies of it will ing over, but as will be found, each one i According to the above deductionsthe
are everywhere the be sent to the leading periodicals of has to be picked separately from the I
next period of minimum rainfall
stalk,) boil a cup of vinegar, tablespoonful -
street, in the cars, in factories our country with the hope that their of butter, pinch of salt, and a little would be 1890-95, through which we
and on farms. But bad blocd is editors will feel a sufficient interest in pepper, or pod of red pepper, together, are now passing, after which there will
the welfare and happiness of the and pour over the leaves. A beaten egg be, if the periods above hold good, an
not incurable.
No one need women of our land, and in the futureof is an improvement. A cold salad may increase in rainfall until after
There be made by pouring cold vinegar or lem- 1910-15,
despair. is a medicine the native American people to
on juice, with salt and over the there will be a decrease for fifteen
which makes pure, healthy give it an insertion, and thus place it young and tender leaves.pepper The tender years and then an increase for fifteen

blood and cures. Brown's before their readers; for if our race is sprigs or terminal branches of the vines years, and so on in this manner.
ever to be elevated from its present may also be used. When Pereskia Acu- ..
Iron Bitters should be taken of leata grown in partial shade, it is nearly -
state suffering, sorrow and evil, it As per promise of last week we
regularly and faithfully by must and will be done largely throughthe found all tender'but especially; so.the twig ends will be give the tarpon record for the season

those whose blood is in an im- influence of the press. If any one knows other methods of of 1894, in this issue. Our readerscan

pyre: thin, diseased condition. t serving them, it will be a favor conferredif see at a glance almost what a big
Constipation and biliousness Rose Culture. she will send the recipes. affair it is. The names of fishermen

The manner of making a rose bed HOME MADE VINEGAR.-Vinegar is an from all over the United States, and
vanish and the entire system is article in constant use in our kitchens, in fact from
by the devotees of this grand old queenof European ap-
renewed. Itwoll;t sta the teeth. yet how few know how to keep the
1z in the list. Fort
flowers here in Ormond by diggingout vinegar jar filled without sending to the pear Myers' reputa-
a few feet of the soil and filling in grocery! "We have never bought a gal- tion as a tarpon fishing center is world
REMEMBER: : ART THAT FRAUDS.SUBSTITUTES That's the refuse from the woodpile and the like, Ipn since living in Florida, nor did I over wide and is easily the greatest fishing
y ITS TO YOUR INTEREST and putting a foot or less of rich soil make any before coming. Years ago, grounds for that fish, ever discovered.The .
TO LOOK FOR THE TWO however, I read a in Home and
is all and if has recipe catch this numbered 416.-
CROSSED RED LINES ON Genuine.BALTIMORE on top, right, one Farm, and treasured it in my mind for a year
THE: WRAPPER. plenty of water and a good place closeto time of need. The following is not Fort Myers Press. .
BROWN CHEMICAL CO. MD the east side of the house, with a word for word, but is about as I make the --- .-.-
wind protection from the north and article; and I am never without. Take a Mr. Emory Johnson is hauling decayed .
east not over 100 feet and the pint of shelled corn, boil in a gallon of sea moss for fertilizer. We .
The Great Evil of the Age-No. III. I I away, feet water, then sweeten the water with whiteor thought as a load passed that*it was a
roses are planted not over two
brown sugar; pour all together in a jaror
Dr. D. Benjamin, in an illustrated closer would be better and strong fertilizer.-Manatee Advocate.
1 apart ( ), not pitcher, tie a piece of thin muslin over
article in the Annals of Hygiene-a t too heavily fertilized, and only the the top and keep in a warm place.
journal of health-after earnestly calling ]blind and dead wood trimmed away, When strong, which will be in a week or METAL
attention to "the cOIr ercial view they can have elegant roses about two, the fluid may be poured into an-
every other pitcher or jar, and the first .
of style in women's clothing and one WHEELS
month in the year. Their being close filled with sweetened water the
up orig
in speaking of the "relation of the together, and the protection given by inal corn will last for months. for yourWAGOS.

waist to diseases of women," says: the building from the afternoon sun, .
"The human body contains no useless will enable them to stand the long, .
space. The organs contained \trying summer, and all good hardy There is more Catarrh in this sec Any size yon want 20 -" _
,i within the body are of the proper ]kinds grow, bloom and do well for at tion of the country than all other to to 56 3 lD.wide"-h1.1bs in.high. Tires to 1 __ t

size, and cannot be increased or di ]least three years. If planted in the diseases put together, and until the fit Cost: any many axle. times Saves in' _-_
minished in size without last few was supposed to be in to have
impairing open, with no sun protection, they will years a season Bet =
of low wheels to fif
their functions and causing their curable. For a great
utter probably give more and better roses many years yourwagonforhlainggrain ?
ruin. Nor can they be displaced I in the winter, but if left there duringthe doctors pronounced it a local disease, bogs,be.fodder No resetting, manure ofS='
without injury. These are facts ad- summer many of the choicest kinds and prescribed local remedies, and by tires. CatlV free. Address

mitted by anatomists, physiologists, will be of no use by the next fall. Or constantly failing to cure with local EMPIRE MFG. CO., _.=_-
and physicians." Again he says : course, this applies only to the land treatment, pronounced it incurable. Quincy, 111. -

"The evil effects of the publicationin .just around here. Land that has a Science has proven catarrh to be a .
the fashion columns of the I 'constitutional disease and therefore !
magazines clay subsoil is more suited to the rose
of such illustrations as we have and does not get to such a temperaturein requires constitutional treatment. ..
in Fig. i, consist mainly, perhaps, the summer. In fact, any rich, Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by I

in its educating the eyes of young I cold, poorly drained land here will 1 F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, ,
women to a false model inclining I summer a rose in good shape.Ormond is the only constitutional cure on the 1'
them to believe this is the ideal, their Gazette.M. market. It is taken internally in 1 RAILROAD ORDERS IN 1 DAYS

constant efforts to attain which resultso .. doses from 10 drops to a teaspoonful. Five of*em car loads own miles each,four
disastrously to their health. The E. Gillett, manager of the Man :. It acts directly on the blood and mu- ew customers,three old.: Coming Just about
feht,thank If Railroad! bulnessrlpened!' .
printing of such cuts, being so greatan atee Lemon Company and secretaryof cous surfaces of the system. They faen our big you.farm trade was on, even
insult to the intelligence and taste the Florida Fruit & VegetableGrowers' offer one hundred dollars for any case : Elasticity" wouldn't save us. While duly'
it fails to cure. Send for circulars tankful for these favors, we go right on
of humanity, as well as disastrous to Association, left last night .
aubllng our capacity for next year.
health should be his home Weirsdale. Mr. Gil and testimonials. Address,
prohibited. for at i AGE WOVEN,WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich.
If there are any evils in the world lett returned yesterday from Manatee, F. J. CHENEY & CO.,

which should prohibited by legal where he concluded the purchase of Toledo, Ohio. FRUIT TREES.

enactments, surely the painting, engraving 100 acres more land for the ManateeLemon JQrSoid by Druggists, 75c. FOIL .r '

public exhibition, and printing Company, which they will setout t SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.
and circulating through our periodicals ti- in lemons. They have 20,000trees Eight thousand dozen pineapples .

and mails of such false and now, and will increase their were gathered and shipped week before Write for Catalogue and price list. ... ..r._

perverted representations of the female grove: to 50,000 trees this season.- last from Key Largo, near Key JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., ,lO -:
form, and the manufacture and sale ,Tampa Times. West. ThomasTille, Oa.

.'', -..-
I -





STATE FERTILIZER LAW. From which he derives his nitrogen, It is divided up among a dozen com-

UiT$9 etc. The law of Florida does require mission merchants and no glitteringsum

trmY Is It a Piece of Useless Lumber ? such an affidavit, but only in respectto total is ever published.But .

R Now and then somebody makes the source of phosphoric acid one thing is certain; no fruit

complaint against the State fertilizerlaw (natural enough in a state producingso ever leaves Florida that is packed

seeking its abrogation. A prom- much phosphate rock). No manu- with such perfect art as these Cali-

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTIONFor inent dealer in fertilizers lately published facturer is required to swear in Flor- fornia cherries. Each cherry is sepa-

One Year ...............................82.00For ida as to the sources of his potash or rately packed throughout the entire
Six Months........................ ..... z.oo a long letter in the Times-
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 Union, bringing charges against the nitrogen ; he may use kainit for the box. When the box is opened it pre-
;"Subscriptions in all cases cash in law which, in his opinion, would t one and leather for the other, and the sents a front as regular as a checker-
advance. No discount allowed on one's the farmers in its t consumer has no means of knowingthat board ; and the rows run the sameto

all own agents subscription a liberal(except cash commission in a club), but will to justify repeal. The head and demanding front of his 1 fact or protection against its con- the bottom of the box. Their large

be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby accusation in brief, is this : :sequences.We size and brilliant color make an ex-

them. Write for terms. It is a known and admitted fact have before us the official text ceedingly attractive appearance.

To every new subscriber we will send, .that the main constituents of a fertilizer I of the affidavit required, and it is as .
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- we have above stated. We also have
subscribers may be derived from different Must Take the Field.It .
in Florida. For two new
before us several letters from Hon. L.
at $2.00 each, we will send, sources which very greatly affect their is said that Orlando, which was
of Moore's "Orange Thus nitro- B. Wombwell, commissioner, courte-
postpaid, a copy value to the agriculturist.
the seat of the
ously written in to our
Culture. be derived from nitrate of response que- ,
Rates of advertising on application. soda gen may from leather and horn shav- ries. In one of them he says : "No a few weeks ago, has never yet established f
Remittances should be made by check, or really effective local Union.
acid agent or dealer, so far as I know,
postal note money order or registered ings; phosphoric from bone or refused to file affidavit." The growers are so busy that they
letter to order of from rock phosphate; potash from yet
leave the assembling of themselves
In another letter he writes: 'Any
EABMBB AND JFRUIT GROWER, high grade sulphate or from kainit.
other Such
record in this department, whether together to men. apathyis
from would
derived leather
Jacksonville Fla. i Nitrogen It is too late
disheartening. never
fertilizers else
relating to or anything ,
of the chemist
under the
I analysis ,
to organize but it is getting time now t
if de is subject to the full and free scrutinyof ,
as high a percentage as
NOTICE I citizen of Florida without to capitalize as well. The members ,
any any
rived from nitrate of soda ; and a
charge or hindrance. of the new Asssciation are asked, at

If you receive a copy of this fertilizer containing pulverized leather "Further, I will furnish a copy of least this is reported in some cases, to
would of receive
which did not order necessity, as high a contribute each constitute fund
paper you commercial valuation the any affidavit filed by a manufacturerof $i to a
consider it an invitation to sub- nitrate of soda.as But one in containing the fertilizers, free of charge, to any against which one share of stock will

scribe. If you do not want it, person interested in such matters. be issued to each ten members of a
field it would far nitro-
not, so as its
hand it to of local Union. This would not raise a
kindly a neighbor. is concerned, be worth one thirdas "But for a copy any paper,
gen which would have to be used as evidence fund of over $4,000 if every member
much. The chemiston
expert in court, I will have to chargei contributed. If the Association is to
earth follow his retorts
can only
CONTENTS. $ for each certificate." pursue the laissez faire policy, simply
and his chemicals and note down the
Ma1uTING-Fruit Exchange, Address of Further, in reply to our request fora permitting every member to ship to
President Fairbanks.................... 371 results which they give him. the constituted without control
of the affidavit of a certain agents
Notes of Progress; Mistake of the Orlando So with phosphoric acid ; so with copy
Convention; Evils Remediable and Remediless firm, he stated that that firm had other than that relating to time, then
... ............ potash. He cannot "go behind the
.......... .. .. 372 filed twenty-eight of them. Upon there will be little money needed
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Prar Blight, Iron and returns. ,
the brand desired he except for the payment of salaries.But .
Sulphur The Thrips! and Insecticides: ; our singling out ,
Insurance on Oranges; A Georgia Orange Now, arises this dealer in fertilizersand furnished a of the affidavit filed if any active and effective policyof
Grove; An Insectiverous Tree ........... 373 asks "What is the use of copy
: a respecting it. regulation is to be pursued, there
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Propagating Toma-
toes by Cuttings, Cowpeas and Crimson State chemist at all ? His chemicalsare This, then, is the value of the will be need of vastly more capital
Clover The \Va'tage of Corn, A Poor much
Man's; Complaint ............... .... 374 necessarily so more potentas State fertilizer law-the scientific than the above paltry sum, to make
Queries About Muck; Financial............ 375 solvents than the waters and acidsof knowledge of the chemist backed by advances to needy growers. The .
POULTRY-Science in Poultry Raising;Barred the soil that he gets results and the legal of the commissioner.The Fruit Exchange has powerfully rein-
power .
Plymouth Rocks; Points on Poultry...... 375 down values which the
sets plant can financial
OUR RURAL HOME-Editorial; Houses in chemist will, without charge ana- forced its strength and will,
Florida................ .................... 376 only get after the lapse of years, per- lyze any sample of fertilizer for any in all probability, actively take the
Great Evil of the Age; Rose Culture;Recipes haps a generation. All his findingsare field in the fall and in the
...... .............. ........... 377 citizen ; and the commissioner will ; coming
bound to be, therefore, more or for it
will be
EDITORIAL-High Prices for Fruit; Must Take furnish any citizen an affidavit as to struggle supremacy money
the Field; Foreign Commerce of Florida; less false and misleading, and the I that will make the
State fertilizer Law........... ......... 378 of character its composition.If mare go.
integrity cannot
Markets; Auction Sales .... ... .... .. 379 greatest now, the law was so amendedand .5.
him In effect the .
help ,
Production of Bananas; Free Berry Crates; grower its enlarged as to cover
Business Notices... ,.. .................. 380 pays a tax of 25 cents a ton for a law scope and its There is little danger that the next
Moveable Hothouses..... ..... ...... ..... 381 which does not protect him, and only nitrogen would be impregnable.We potash. strength orange crop of Florida will not be

Weather Florida and.....Crops......;..Exodus.........Heading..........for... 382 serves as a cloak to enable dishonest shall recur to this subject. quite large enough to be well mar-
dealers to palm off, under the State .. keted. Fruit trees in the North,
chemist's valuation, inferior goods." after their long and profound winterrest

Weather in Jacksonville. The force of this logic seems irresis- High Prices for Fruit. come forward rapidly and make

-Q', tible at first sight. Even so great a The New York papers publish par- one grand effort, and, if this fails,
a. S.. J ea = .s o chemist Prof. S. W. ticulars of of California thev make no Fruit in
...aTE. as" = u 0.- as Johnson, a car early more. trees
GO as GO c. =s :a a as :a t-4'" director of the Connecticut Station, cherries which sold a few days ago tropical and subtropical regions comeon

Tune 5......... 74- -80 92- 66- -26'9- -0 00 acknowledges his helplessness when for a gross sum of $3,074.25. It con. with a slow, sluggish movement,
June 6 ........ 76 78 83 64 24 76 0.42 he says in a letter to the Rural New tained 2,052 packages, which was and, if they are balked by frost or

June June 7.5 8.,6 73 75 81 B4 71 68 10 16 76 76 T T Yorker: "There is however, I believe, about $1.50 a package. These boxesof drouth, they get ready and try it

une une 10 9............... 77 76 74 B4 S3 66 70 17 14 74 77 0.00 0.00 I a sure means of determining the valueof cherries weigh ten pounds net, again. Some trees more tropical than

unert........... 77 75 83 70 13 76 0.0. organic nitrogen which experiment twelve pounds gross. A crate of the} orange will even make a third

Mean ........ -]6.0 -] -.042 stations can employ. This is simply strawberries weighs, gross, about effort it the first two are failures. In

Total rainfall. to take the testimony of the plant sixty pounds. The writer has shipped fact, the lime and the lemon blossom

T-Trace. itself as to whether the nitrogen of a many a crate of strawberries which nearly every time they throw out a

E. R. DEMAIN, Observer. given fertilizer is able to nourish vege- grossed $16 ((50 cents a quart). This new growth. In North Florida the .:

.. tation satisfactorily or not. To pro would be about on a par with the orange blossoms only once as a rule,

An exemption of $4,000 under the duce this testimony in court requires California cherries, pound for pound. but in the orange belt proper, trees .

proposed National income tax represents time and skill." Perhaps no entire carload of straw which are well cared for will seldomfail

an accumulation of $80,000 at But there is a check on this pos berries ever left Florida which grossedas to get and hold a crop, sooner or

the rate of five per cent., and of $133- sible dishonesty, and that check is much as the above car of cherries; later. ,

333 at three per cent., the rate at interposed by the State fertilizer law, .I but it has often been the case that a .

which the United States Governmentcan even in its present imperfect condi carload of 250 or 275 crates has The growers of Manatee will, at

.borrow money. Such an ex- tion. Any one can easily see the grossed from 25 to 45 cents a quart, their next meeting, discuss the ad-

emption is absurdly large and involves fatal gap which this helplessness of aggregating for the car $2,500 or visability of a law forbidding the sale

unwarranted favoritism to the chemist leaves open. The law $2,800, perhaps 3000. As they are of Florida fruits and vegetables by

large masses of well-to-do people who must come to their assistance by ex- not sold at auction or to anyone mer- commission. Even if enacted, sucha

are as able to pay an income tax as acting from each manufacturer or chant, no account is ever kept of the law would be very difficult to en-

the millionaires. dealer an affidavit as to the materials total amount realized for a carload. force. '



.. "
..". "': .



]JVtarlpts, Will & Jones.

i Buffalo, June 9.-We report dull mar FERTILIZERS
i '- -"'" ket on oranges and lemons for the past
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 15. week. Consumers prefer strawberries

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. which are in good supply and moderatein ;

' Corrected by Marx Bros. price. Oranges, :Messina, boxes 3.50 CHAPMAN & SUDLOW
,These are average quotations. Extra choice to 2.50; half boxes 1.75 to 1.50; few ,
lots fetch prices above top quotation, while poor
lots sell lower. California Washington Navels, Red land JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. -
Lemons.. ,Fla. .......... 2.00 fruit, 4.25 to 3.25; Med.\ sweets, 2.75 to
........ Manufacturers of
7.75 2.50; lemons, 3.00 to 2.50. With contin-
Pineapples, crate, 3.00104.00 HIGH GRADE I'EJ TIhIZERS.Ground
Strawberries .5 to .8 ued warm weather we are looking for an .
Huckleberries .S lo 10 advance on lemons. and Steamed Bone a Specialty. Caustic Sod* and Flower of Sulphur Al-
Cocoa nun. 3.50104.00 An unprecedented advance took placein ways on Hand. Every Kind of Haw Material at Current Hated.!
Peanuts, best .
I Guavas,3-peck: box ... 1.50 potatoes the past week, Southern new -Send for Pamphlet on '"
Peaches, 1.00 to 1.50 selling 5.00 to 4.50 box. Receipts-Old ORANGE TREE, PINEAPPLE AND VEGETABLE FERTILIZERS. .
Canteloupes.bbl. 4.00 to 4 50 potatoes are absorbed on arrival at 1.25
Melons. 10. to .25 bushel; cabbage in good demand 2.00to
Florida cabbage, per 2.00105.00
New.. potatoes, crate .. .75 ta 1.00 1.50 crate; tomatoes, fancy, 3.55 to BallIETT BROS.
...* 3.50Hen. 2.75; choice, 2.50 to 1.75; egg plant 8.00 to i' ,
.25 33to.3i to .30> 7.00 barrel; beans 1.75 to 1.25 basket;

Broilers...................... .2010.25 peas 2.00 to 1.50. 0 159 South Water St., Chicago.
Turkeys per pound, .1310Ducks .14 '
.35to ..50Geese. DEALERS IN FRUITS.
.50 Queen City Fruit Auction Comp'y.
kggs......... -.e............... ...... .14 We resj ectfully solicit! shipments of Fruits and I VeirWe l.tahlt.2'
i VEGETABLES. Owing to light demand for oranges and ar- now making a specialty 1 ofORANGES
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. lemons we report auction sales light past

Onions, Fla ..1.25101.50 week. Oranges selling, Medina, 2.50 to .
Yellow Yams, bush ........ .... .50 2.00 box; 1.25 to 80c half box; California

Jersev Cauliflower Sweets Fla., bush, .. .50 Med.\ sweets 1.90 to 1.25; lemons 1.85 to and invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.

i Lettuce, doz... .15 1.25 box; pineapples to 2.5U hundred;
i Squash, 1.00 all above fruit Bananas 90 to 55c
wasty. We want reliable at all principal
3 d EggPlants., ...... .. 2.00104.00.40 bunch; cocoanuts in good demand, 2.75 agents shipping points.

to i.oo to 2.65 sack. References, by permission-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,
Green Salsify Corn or Oyster,doz Plant., per doz bunch .25 to .15.30 the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.

Sweet Pepper, ...... 2.00 Pineapple Prices.
Okra, bu.... 2.00
Cucumbers to i.oo New York-Sgobel & Day : We
shelled ............. say
Cowpeas, peck. .50 have sold this week 6 carloads of Florida
Green Beans .5010.75 How to Sell Pineapples.
Peas,crate ..i.oo pineapples at prices quoted elsewhere.
New beets, with tops barrel crate..... 1.75 The large Porto Rico pines have done
Pumpkins, .0510 .15 well yesterday we obtained the
very ;
{ Parsley per d.>z. bunches .. .10
Watercress,per doz. bunches, none... .. high price of 95c per pine for two crates
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches......... .25 and 40 cents for others not quite so large. THE JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION CO.
e Green Pepper onions hot, per doz..bunches........ The Queens are giving satisfaction and

Sage, well cured 1.50.15 sell mostly 20 cents to 15 cents. Desirable Are offering splendid inducements to
sizes of the Red Spanish command 11 to

Fruit Exchange Bulletin. 9 cents, but many of them have been PINEA.PPLE SHIPPERS.We .
small,which are selling from 7 to 4 cents.P. are prepared to make liberal advances on shipments of pines. Also in position to sell
Jacksonville Florida, June 12Sinceour Ruhlman & Co. say: Pineappleshave over-ripe stock here or refrigerate at slight expense,and guarantee arrival in perfect condition
last report prices have advanced East or
shown some slight improvementunder
somewhat at all points and the demand lighter receipts. The Ss. Seneca West.1th ite to Us, We Can Help You.We .

ticularly continues wanted.So good. Fancy pines are par arrived Monday,the 4th inst., with 6400 are now handling Oranges, Peaches. Potatoes, both new and sweet. Tomatoes and Pineap
barrels, 771 for us. The Ss. Concho arrived ples. Remain open all summer to handle Grapes and Melons. QUICK RETURNS.
far as we are able to judge, we are Wednesday, 6th inst., with 7560 T 10S. I*. TOW S, Pt full market value in all sales
getting and
The condition
barrels, 840 for us. was a
the outlook seems favorable for a continuance trifle better on the last named steamer.
of good prices. Just so long as we Prices for sound pines ranged from '

can centers concentrate we are the sure fruit of at good distributing results. 4 well.to 10 c. This covers green price of sugars as Orange and Lemon Trees at Half Price

Growers are therefore, cautioned againstthe Pittsburg.The Fruit and Auction Co.
indiscriminate consignment of their of Cuban For the balance of the season we offer our stock at just half price.
fruit. Past experience has demonstratedtime say: Supplies pineapples have The money in oranges lies in growing fancy kinds such as Washington Navel, Tangerines,
been very light. We sold quite a few Ba- Tardiff, Ruby Bloods, Lemons and Grape Fruit,and we've got 'em."
time the
after scatteration pol- hamas at 4\ to 7c. The market is stronger Send for catalogue to
icy results invariably in a break in prices under light receipts. The above pricesare W. W. HAWKINS & SONS,
and low results.
consequent for small stock. So far this season we Georgetown, Fla.
Remember that the Exchange is in a
have not had any Floridas, for which we
position to realize every cent the market
anticipate a good demand, especially as
will pay under any and all conditions, the Cuban strawberry pines are finished.
and uniform prices cannot be maintainedif FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
the fruit is sent out hap-hazard. We Chicago.-Pineapples met with a mod-

do not color our reports for the purposeof erate sale at former quotations. Prices .
ranged from 6.00 to 10.00 per 100.
influencing shipments, but endeavor St. Louis.-There is no Havana on the An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to thebestadvantage.AUTHORIZED
to at all times .
give you a correct state- CAPITAL 300.000.
ment of the actual situation. market. The Florida product is assuming BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange Is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
much prominence. Several straightcars order. Write for price list and terms.
Remember also, that the actual net results -
is what you want. Quotations that are announced to arrive within the -:OFFICERS :-
if realized next few days. For the small offeringsnow GEO. R. FAIRBANKSt-"President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
are rarely, ever do not count. in the hands of receivers the follow- ALBERTM.IVtS: ,Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER Secretary.DIRECTORSGeo. .
Telegram of Sales. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt
Car 148 sold ing prices ruled: 60s, 7.50 per crate; ;2s. Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange (Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
5.00 to 6.10 for crates and 7.00; smaller sizes, 5.50 to 6.50 per crate, B. M. Baer. Duval Co. A. Brady. Brevard Co.; F. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V. Hillyer,
2.65 to 3.00 for halves. Queens, in Buffalo.Will & Jones Pine- Marion Co.; John :M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
i halves, 2.85 to 3.25. quote: Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Benj. Dowd, Lake Co.
apples excellent demand, 12.00 to 5.00 Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils,
Car 1848 sold 5.65 to 6.00 for crates, per 100. with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.box .
2.75 to 3.15 for halves. Queens, 6.55 per -
1. crate; Porto Ricos, 7.95 for halves. Boston Markets. -
Sold 300 crates to-day. Porto Ricos, ; 2.50 to 2.75 360 count; for fancy Pringle, 95c to 1.40. A few boxes of

40 to 95c per pine: Queens, 8! to 18c Peaches, the Peen-to, sell at 1.25 a box. good or choice, 2.00 to 2.25 for all sizes.A peaches sold for 1.65 to 1.70, and cherry
each; others, 3J to lie. Some few lots A box of California cherries, good, cost few boxes of grape fruit sold as high as plums in boxes. 1.20 to T.45; half crates,
soft. 1.75, though some sold at 60 to 70c at auc 7.00 a box.-Am. Cultivator. 1.95. Car No 17158 did not show up as

270 crates sold to-day. Queens 8 to tion. Apricots sold from 62c to 1.25 a well.New

19c; others, 3 to 12c.! Market steady, box.There York.-Porter Brop., say: Upon
weather favorable.Car are many varieties of pineapples, California Fruits. Monday. June 4th, we received and sold
"1608 sold to-day 4.55 to 6.10. Outside I and auction prices ranged from 4* to 19J one car of California cherries consisting

shipments are affecting prices. cents each, but the most of sales are from Chicago.-Barnett Bros., say: of 1,939 boxes of Black Tartarians and
Quotations: Cuba landed 14,000 bbls 7 to 12 cents each. Bananas are: Golden June 6.-Four cars of California fruit 113 boxes Cleveland Bigereaus a total of
pines in New York this week. Vales, 1.85 for No. 1, 1.35 for eight hands. were offered to-day. Car No. 16386 was 2,052 packages. This fruit arrived we

Florida pines, in this market, 7 to 8c. Others, 1.00 for No.1, 1.10 for eight in good condition, with the exception of regret to say in decidedly weak condit-
Bahamas arriving in Door order and hands, 90 to 95c for No. 2 and 60c for some cherries from Suistin, which showed ion an<1 for which we find it difficult to
small. No. 3. Lemons, fancy, 300 count, are decav. Good shipping Royal Anne cher- 'give reasons a* the car of the Fame Mock

Pines selling well; 3.00 to 3.50 for 3.00 to 3.50, 360 counts, 2.50 to 2.75, ordinary ries brought 1.40 to 1.50. One entire lot Fold by us last week showed excellent
halves and 6.00 to 6.50 per crate. good lemons 2.00 to 2.50 for 300 packed by Mrs. E. Buckingham selling condition and realized a gross! of $3O74 25
Market firm. Pines selling at 6 to counts, 1.50 to 2.00 for 360 count. Oranges .at 1.45. Royal apricots in good condi- the best of any car sold in eastern mar-

lOc;;extra, 12 to 14c. 200 to 300 counts, 2.50 to 3.00 a'' tion, 2.15 to 2.40; seedlings, 1.45 to 1.95; kets this year up to this writing. The


: ;k. '-" -' '. ." ,





\ > .



of this week Monday, consideringthe Tennessee, 75c to 1.00 per 4-basket case. Business Notices.

conditions was very satisfactory, an Florida small, 75c to 1.25 per 6basketcase FAIR AND SQUARE NUMBERED FRUIT F C.do .
average of 1.17 being reached for Black ; choice large, 1.50 to 175; Arkansas WRAPPERS.-The Jersey City Printing
Tartarians and 1.15 for the entire car. receipts too green and nominal. .
Company report an extraordinary growthin
Upon Monday June 11, we shall offer Gradually the results of.the season's their business Florida fruit

two cars containing peaches, apricots and shipments of berries are coming too light. growers and shippers.among Their first bid on

cherries. The story is a sad one for the producers, Florida business was made in the year

and it appears now that the transportation 1892, and, somewhat to their surprise, re-
Vegetable Market. companies and express companiesmade sulted in orders beyond their capacity to (LI iVE I ..

New York, June 11.-Potatoes, new, all the money arising from the crop. print. By doing some tall hustling and
receipts last week from Bermuda, 270 One of the leading shippers at Gadsden, bullying of press builders, they were en-
Tenn. who had
barrels. The access to the leading abled to themselves
receipts of Southern new supply ,though some-
potatoes since Monday have been 8,483 markets and mainly at car lot rates, what late in the fall, with the machinerythat
writes his merchant
bbls by Pennsylvania railroad; 7,450 here that he shippedin was necessary to fill the orders they
bbls by Savannah steamers, and 17,850 all 1,700 cases, and the money he got received. The expression of satisfactionwith SHORTEST
for them did QUICKEST
bbls by Old Dominion steamers; total, not quite cover the cost of their work was so uniform and grat- ,
33,783 bbls, against 19,230 last week. picking and cases. This seems to be a ifying that in the winter of '93 they
The market opened first of the weekon sample of the general results. placed orders for the construction of over
a basis of 4.00 to 5.00 for prime Southern The magnitude of the berry businessin 10,000 worth of special machinery in- MOST ATTRACTIVE
and with a good demand market West Tennessee can be gathered from tended for and adapted to printing tissue
the) : statistics gathered at only a few of
gradually advanced, finest Savannah and paper only. Their enterprise was entirely -
Charleston Rose touching 6.00. but with the shipping points the past week. A justified,and received its reward in the
much heavier arrivals, at the close mar representative of the A. R. T. Co. who summer of 1893, when orders poured in ROUTEBETWEEN
watched the traffic and all
ket is weak, decidedly lower and unset- closely secured upon them for printed wrappers from
tled. To-day a few of the finest Rose they could of it for distant markets, informed such a large number of our leading Flor-

sold at 4.50, but 3.50 to 4.00 is the gen- the writer a few days ago that ida growers that their presses were kept
eral range for prime and Chili reds sell they hauled from Dyer fifty-six cars, running from the beginning of June to FLORIDA POINTS

mainly from 3.00 to 3.50 per bbl, with Gadsden forty, Humboldt} thirty-eight, the middle of December. During this
very fair grades of Rose ranging from Fruitland nine nine, Rutherford six, Henderson time nearly sixty ((60)) tons of manilla tissue AND THE NORTH

2.50 to 3.00 and seconds lower. Old potatoes cars. and several tons of white and colored
scarce and very high. Early in Bells Depot shipped fifteen cars and tissue were printed by them to the entire THE
Gibson ten another line while
the week foreign Magnum jumped from cars over satisfaction of purchasers. They expect
3.00 to 4.00 and some marks were sold ina Humboldt shipped twenty cars besides this season to print over one hundred FLORIDA CENTRAL AND
small way even higher, but tone is not over the L. & N. R. R., and the daily ((100)) tons of manilla tissue, which would

so strong at the close. shipments by express would add largely wrap over 500J 00 boxes of oranges.
to the foregoing. Thefiguresfrom :Milan\ + PENINSULARVIA +
Vegetables. Trezevant, :Medina and other leading NATIONAL LEAD COIPAxy.-This com-
Receipts since Monday exclusive of points are not given, but West Tennessee pany, whose advertisement is running
potatoes have been as follows: Penn seems to have shipped over 300 cars of regularly in our cohnnns, is rated at a
sylvania Railroad, 16,409 pktrs including strawberries. capital of over a million dollars, credit LAKE CITY MACON ATLANTATO
5,834 beans and peas, 4,396 cucum- P. M. Kiely. high. It has branches in different cities, ,

bers, 3,017 tomatoes and 3,109 various; >-H those in Cincinnati. for instance, being
included in the above were 3,437 pkgs Free Berry Crates. known as the Anchor and the Eckstein.
Nashville St. Louis and
from :Maryland, Delaware and Eastern These two companies were sued by the ChicagoWith
Shore. Old Dominion line, 42,550 pkgs. The "free berry crate" question comes Walker Paint Company for $50,000 dam- but one change of sleepers, connects
up occasionally, and creates heated discussions for of also at Atlanta for NEW YORK and KANSAS
including 21,600 cabbage, 10,350;) beans, ages publishing analyses the Walker -
in the trade. The CITY. The Florida Central and Peninsularhas
2,700 peas, 1,900 tomatoes and 6,000 cu- not white lead paints showing that they nearly 700 miles of track running throughthe
to return the
cumbers. Savannah line, 27,778 pkgs.A agreement crates, were adulterated with barytes. The
liberal quantity has also arrived by signed by almost seven-eighths of the trial lasted nine weeks, employing among Tobacco Regions,
merchants two Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
Clyde line of which no reliable estimatecan some years ago, appearsto others an ex-governor of Ohio as one of 1'eacn and Strawberry Lands,
have fallen
be obtained. through. Very few are the attorneys. Judge Rufus B. Smith of Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,
Imports for the week 2,066 bags Egyptian now living up to the rules, and those the Superior Court handed down a Phosphate Belt.
who have held out have lost Has the Silver Spring and
on principle
f and 4,491 crates Bermuda onions. and lengthy opinion, which concluded as follows Other fine Scenery.The .
Cucumbers-Receipts have been large many shippers, therefore consider- : "In conclusion, my finding is Great Hunting Country.
and market has gradually declined, clos- able money. Fruit Trade Journal. that by a clear preponderance of the evidence Reaches the Noted fishing Grounds.Has .
ing weak and low. Stock south of .-. the defendants have established, the best lands for tillage greatest variety
The of soils in the State, and above all
Production of
Bananas.The .
Charleston generally poor and only sale- and to my mind beyond all reasonable
able at extremely low figures. greater portion of bananas whichare doubt they have proven, that during the Runs Where over It !Is the High Central and Healthy.RIdgeland

Onions-Choice Bermuda and Egyptianhave sold in Eastern cities come from Ja years 1889 and 1890 when the analyses Prosperous towns fill its route and It offers
been well sustained, but trade only maica. Just now is the height of the complained of in the petition were made the best freight facilities for any produce to
moderate. New Orleans irregular in season, and that island is sending us that the plaintiffs were sending out goodsas the Northern markets. Send for the popular
quality and value; choice held firmly. 80,000 bunches of bananas a week. The first-class which were adulterated with song
Southern potatoes have commenced to bananas from Central America mostly barytes; that the analyses Complained of "MV FLORIDA HOME.

arrive and meet. an active demand when find a market in Galveston and Xew Orleans in the petition are true, and that the petition with its spirited words and beautiful musicdescriptive

prime, but some are small and poor. whence they are distributed to should be dismissed upon that which is gotten of an up actual in elegant Florida style-Six Home, and
Squash-Supply large and with trade Western cities. Banana culture has almost ground. It is therefore unnecessary thatI full sized best music paper,containing pagesof also
light, market is weak at low figures entirely superseded sugar produc- should consider the other defenses made a picture of a home in Florida and a huntingscene.
quoted. tion in Jamaica. The soil was croppedso by the defendants." The decision, owingto stamps. ,It to is pay mailed expense on of receipt distribution.of 10 cents) (in

Tomatoes have arrived freely from long with sugar cane that it will no the prominence of the parties involved, Send also for the best map of Florida(sent
Florida, but mostly green and poor and longer grow that crop. The banana is of international importance and inter- free) and note the towns on its route.A. .
selling in range of 1.00 to 2 00, a few of does not require so fertile soil and thrives est. O.:MAODONELL G.P.A.,
Jacksonville Fla.
the best 2.25 to 2.50 per carrier. Small well. For more than 20 years, however, *-i -
lots from near-by have appeared, but the land has been growing up with thick Working for the Growers.We .
prices hardly established. hard-wood bushes that make it very difficult are trustworthily informed that The Florida Central &

to clear. A darkey working all day when the growers of Florida complete
will clear 20 feet square, or about one their organization, thereby putting them- Peninsular R. R. Co.
St. Louis, June 11.-Melons\ not many hundredth part of an acre. For this he selves into shape to be communicatedwith
offered, but enough for the demand. Pri- gets 24 cent?. they will hear something greatlyto Offers to Shippers

ces range 20.00 to 50.00:; per 100 according Some American banana plantationshave their interest. The men at the headof The Shortest and Quickest Route
to size. Peaches, supply small and demands been set out, but the bulk of bananas the new association are wide-awake,

for choice offerings was good at marketed are grown by natives in and the growers will soon see that some- BETWEEN
60c to 1.25 per 1-3 bus. box. PotatoesFor sheltered ravines. The winds are very thing is being done for them. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
new, of which the receipts show a destructive to banana plantations .
as >- H
steady increase without a corresponding when the stalks are bending with their Foreign Commerce of Florida. THE EAST AND WEST.With .
increase in the demand the feeling was of fruit little Improved Ventilated Cars,this.com-
weight a them
very The monthy report of the United pany is better equipped than ever ever to
weak and
generally lower on all varieties over. An acre of bananas will produce handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
Homegrown were coining in in much 1,000 bunches, worth 50 cents a bunchas States Treasury Department makes.I insure close connections and, prompt despatchto
larger quantities, and are beginning to they are put on the vessel. It costs the following exhibit of the several all Eastern and Western Markets.

have an impression on the market and only $50 to fit and set an acre of bananas, customs districts of Florida, for the Through cars to destination with-

prices. We quote: Old-Burbanks, 1.10: and if it were not for the winds the busi- ten months ending with April : out change or delay. _
Hebron 1.00; Ajax, 85c. New-Home ness would be exceedingly profitable.The Perishable freight followed by wire and

grown, 90c per bu. in bulk from wagons. banana is sometimes injured by Il\IPORTS. I EXPORTS. tion shippers points advised and arrival time at passing destination.All various. Junc-

Consigned-Triumphs, 90c; Louisiana: droughts and occasionally by floods. 1894. 1893. I 1894. 1893.Apalachfcola claims for overcharges and loss promptly -
1.40 per sack and 2.75 to 3 per bbl. Egg Great care has to he given them in ..... $ 51 S 1481,$ 230,385''$334SIOFernandina justed.
Plant-Scarce at 50c to 1.50 per dozen. bringing them across the water. If ...... 30,134346611,018.017, See that your goods are markedvia
a dropof
Key West........ 456,699 778844 1,110 669'' 936,&8Pensacola. .
Cucumbers-Liberal offerings. We quote: sea water touches them they mildew ........ 84.714 58,7033.241,516:3,280.626: F. C. & P. R. R.
Southern at 75c to 1.00 per case and 1.50 and spoil.-American Cultivator. St. ugnstine.... 6,833 2,5101 8851 395 For information call on or address the un-
to 2.50 bbl l; homegrown, 25 to30c per doz. ._.., St Johns .... l : dersigned:
(Jacks'ville) i 31,247 896671 61,590St. C. E. TAYLOR, Trav. Ocala
Squash-Salable at ]1.00 to 1.25 40,0731 A'gt ,Fla.
per case. .......
81 3,800!
W. B. TUCKER, Gen.
Tomatoes fair If feel ...... .. A'p't, Orlando Fla.
-Receipts and for choice you weak Tampa 347,682 462,201. 684.9361 490,483 G. :M. HOLDEN, Trav. fit. Leesburg, Ela.
stock the demand was good, while infe- and all worn out take W. R. FULLER.Trav. A'g: ,Tamp, Fla:
rior and green were slow. We quote: Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder Or N.S. ,,PENNINGTON, frame,Manager.

Mississippi 1.00 to 1.60 for choice, and I I BROWN'S IRON BITTERS' \Vorlc2's Fair Highest Medal and Diploma. W, H. PLEA8ANT3 General Jacksonville Freight,Fla.:'Agt



l ,

r '



} ,NEURALGIA. her every move is indicative of perfect The UCENT- -JVORD" COLUMN.

health.Dr. .

Williams' Pink Pills are now given Typical To insure insertion in this column, advertise-
to the public as an unfailing blood builder ments must be accompanied by the money.

IS IT THE SEVEN DEVILS" OF and nerve restorer, curing all forms of Tropical Postage Advertisements Stamps received must not in payment.exceed fifty words.

weakness arising from a watery conditionof Topic. Count every word eluding name and address.
i SCRIPTURE? the ._ _. .
blood -
or shattered nerves, two fruit- ? -- '-' '----- --
ful causes of most every ill that flesh is TROPICAL MELON PAWPAW.-Now is the
heir Take plant, fine pot-grown plants. 20
to. These
pills also
are a for
specific cents each or two for 35 cents six for$1. Apply
A New Theory Successfully Tried in the troubles peculiar to females, such as The to Florida Development Company's Tropical

! Dunkirk and Carefully Investigatedby suppressions, all forms of weakness, Nursery Avon Par, Fla. it

a Blade Reporter for the Ben- chronic constipation,bearing down pains, Tropical

t efit the-Medical Fraternity. etc., and in the case of men will give Trunk WANTED buy 10 or 20 full-blooded An-
speedy relief and effect gora goats. R. H. SMITH Lawtey. 2t
' a permanent cure
From the Toledo Blade.
in all cases arising from mental Line.
worry, DRINK PURE WATER.<'or circulars and
The physicians and inhabitants of overwork, or excesses of whatever na- Traffic the Bucket, Pumps and Water Purifier -
Dunkirk, Hardin county, Ohio, are as- ture. The pills are sold by all dealers, or address MCLEAN & Co., Agents Conant
tonished at a recent happening in that will besent post paid on receipt of price Trends Fla. 915.5

usually quiet hamlet. ((50 cents a box, or 6 boxes for $2.50. They Tideward T situation as for small
Dunkirk is a little village, half way be- are never sold in bulk or by the 100)) by children, or companion bur uld lady or invalid -
tween Toledo and Columbus, on the addressing Dr. Williams Medicine Com- Toward Rtfertncts11: ::>>S C. METZ, ,Haiiies City

Pennsylvania& Ohio Central roads, and pany, Schenectady, N. Y., or Brockville, The Fla. it
Mr. C. F. Broseke, a leading German cit- Ontario.

izen, keeps the city flour mills. He has 1./ Turbid *PRODUCED peaches: muskmelons-Who have grapes eggs watermelons cantaloupes,

one son and three daughters-all grown. .Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder and uittcrcut kiiius ul fruit, will please quote
Miss Anna Broseke, the second daughter World's Fair Highest Award. Twisting cash price to A. L. WAKKUN, 205 L,. flay CUlt
More, Ja ks:>> vnvIll. it
$ is a young woman 28 years old. It 1 Tack
her and still Movable Hot Houses.In .
is remarkable sickness more The A llAl.uAIN-New two-horse tread power and
,' remarkable cure that has startled the England an ingenious inventionhas ::>>tcunu-: ,anu thi calling machine, $175.00.

i doctors and astonished her relatives and been brought forward which is Trackless JOHN BKADtOKD, Bradioruvulc, Ha. 6-9-2
--- --
t friends. called "the horticultural traveling Tarpon Time VERY; FINE::-Two to four-year old orange and
that Miss Broseke at
Learning was
This has V leuiou buds at\5 0.00 per 100 1. o. b. J..L.
structure. been
present in Toledo and boarding at No. designedto Takes. Tempts DERik.Ux Lakclaud Ha. 0-9-5

823 Mulberry street, a representative of facilitate the more rapid and at the Test The

the Blade called on her. Upon being re- same time more economical produc-- V.\J'ORAl'1-; :SURPLUS: ( FRUIT.-No. 1 American -

quested to relate the peculiarities of her tion of fruits flowers and The Tardy maker.evaporator, m good order, cheap., Good
vegetables, uiouey SUMMIT: .NUksEKii.:>> *, Aloutieello : -
recent sickness and subsequent cure, the Tale Ma. o-y1
young lady said: so as to place the United Kingdomwith To .

"I am glad that you have called, and its variable climate in a positionto The Tarry. 5 WHIT ANTIGUA PINEAPPLEjJJJ ;

am willing my name should be made pub- supply its own demands, and more slips: and sucuers bur sale suckers: ,
I Types Tax 5C e c1l.sapo, jc each: : 1. u. b., cash with oiders.Auuiess .
lic, as good cannot help but result to some effectually compete with foreign supplies .box 449: uriaudo Ma. b- -4

other poor sufferer. For many years our as it has already commenced to Tell; Thou
lived in Falmouth URR L-Fiue plants by mail
I family Kentucky. Travel JAMAICA 40
1 Nine years ago, at the age of nineteen, I do.This Thy :> per oue-half uozeu or 75 cents per
dozed. Plant Alo-w. H. G. BURNEr, Avon
, began to suffer from neuralgia in the is accomplished by the movingof This Talent Park, Ha. 6-2-3:

head. The. pain nearly killed me. The glass structures on wheels (with or
Typical To-day IRRIGATING; PIANT-Complete, lor bale
: then scattered all
neuralgia over without
my system affixed
apparatus ) Apply to R. L. MARTIN, Weir Park, P-la. 622IMPERIAL
; but was worse in the stomach. Six running on rails, over crops to be Thoroughfare That

, physicians at Falmouth and vicinity forced Through Thrift PEKIN; DUCK&$3.00 per trio.
treated me for several years. My\ father protected, or ripened in suc- cockereU, 750 eacn. Mock: the: very
" paid out hundreds of dollars for their ser- cession as they stand in the soil or on The Tend best. Must sell to 1114;a room. PAGET HALL,
Geoigiaua, Fla.
vices. I became worse and worse as time stages. The rails are secured to Truly To 'b-l-4:

I advanced. I was given up to die. After wooden plates (as in a tramway) rest- A GOOD CHANCE.-To a desirable party I
meals my stomach would distress me terribly vertical Tropical Thee will lease a ioui-room house and leu: acres
! and at times I would nearly choke ing on supports fixed in the (two cleared: ) in 1.awley.lor a small rent: to be
Territory. Tomorrow.The paid eutiiely in work. ; clear
ground. The glass houses or plant Enterprising: men
j to death. I could not drink tea or coffee 5200 to $300 per acre in strawberries' Address: ,
" and could eat but little. It seemed as if protectors run so smoothly that any STRAWBERRY: this office.

'; what little food I did eat would ferment person can move them easily. Hith-

at once. I became weak, very weak. erto glass structures have been Thoughtful I FOR SALE, ONE BERKSHIRE BOAR (pure),
I re- one Berkshire sow .
Night and day I prayed for relief in garded as immovable buildings andit Tourist Both young and acclimated. Address, 'F. ij.W. .
death. .," Denver, Fla.
f 5-19-4
has been found absolutely: necessary .
t Two years ago we moved to Dunkirk,
I Ohio. The four physicians there were notwithstanding the vat cost of The A.PHOENIX better citrus NURSERIES.trees:nor No honestly one can beat grow our

j called one after another. One called my labor, in order to ripen anof protectthe Terse prices. We propagate no "back numbers."

i, trouble heart disease. Another said it various crops, to shift them in Let us bid ou your wants. Twelve years experi:
Tutor ence. F. N. HORTON, Braidentowu, !i ,
was acute dyspepsia. Instead of improving -
and out from the open air by hand.
} I continued to grow worse. One day That from the famous
I The essential requirements are shel- BUDS Arlington Nurseries,
last spring my father read of a case similar 100 $3.00 Med.
40C per ; per i.coo. ::sweet Jaffa
t to mine in the Cincinnati Enquirer. ter and the control of temperature, Tells Maltese Blood. Maltese Oval, Harts Late, satbuuia : -

It told how a medicine called Dr. 'Vilt for sunshine is often present when the The King, Tangerine, Washington Riverside
1 Na\el,Howo>assa,Nou panelOld Vini, Magnum
liams' Pink Pills had cured a lady of weather is cold. Bouuui Villa Franca Lemon, Giant ()quats.

neuralgia of the stomach. The symptoms At present the initial cost of supplying Truth. Box Address, ROBERT G. BIDWELL, Orlando, Fla.

t and experiences were exactly the these two The 147. S-I9-
indispensible requi-
, same as mine. 1 became at once inter-
. ested and hopeful. My father went to sites is a serious item, and added to Typical GENUINE NUNAN, BESSIE, ALABAMA,

Upper Sandusky the next day and pur- the maintenance and repair, heavily Trip 5000. Also strawberry Peruvian plants Viueiess, $3.50, Gen.1,000,Grant.$15.00

, chased a box of Pink Pills. I com- handicaps the home producer.In Pools sweet potato plants 14.50 i.coo, 100 by mail,
Thine 1.00. Nancy Hall, $1.00 dozen. Vines in
them last \ and per
menced taking
May, beganto the of fruits flowers
growing July at half price. JULIUS ]:SCUNADELBACU Box
improve so rapidly that the whole vegetables and other plants, whetherfor Via 4, Grand Bay Ala. 5-12-4
village was interested. The doctors
.' were surprised but admitted that the market or for private consumption, The SEVEN HEAD OF GOOD COWS, partly Jersey -

Pink Pills were a Godsend to me. I the great difficulty is to obtain a succession Tropical fiom four to eight years of age all fresh
or shortly due to calve, for sale low. WM. B.
l used 13 boxes in all. The neuralgia i is of crops without incurring Trunk SCHRADER, Waverly stock Farm, near Tallahassee. -

\ entirely gone. My stomach is strong and such expense as to make the produc 5-12-8

healthy my appetite good, and my sleepis tion Line.
peaceful. I came to Toledo, November unprofitable.The IF YOU HAVE AN ORANGE GROVE FOR
to finish musical inventor claims a great many sale, write to GEO. H. CHAPJN & Co., St, Augustine -
9th prepared
my Fla., or 257 Washington St., Boston.
: education, which my sickness caused me advantages for this structure, among For Maps and particulars, address, 5-5-tl

to abandon nine years ago. I attend the the most obvious of which are, the -
at the Ursuline Convent WANTED purchaser for 2,500 Thrifty Year-
musical department G.
lessened labor in D. ACKERLY
applying manure, Pear Trees 3 4 to 8 feet at
I dislike newspaper notoriety and $35.00 per'1,000. B. W. Partridge, :Monticello Fla.
the land
only consent to this interview to let the watering, preparing etc., GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT n-i8-tf

world know my experience and faith in i over that required in a fixed hot

Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and the hope of house. It serves principally to show THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE FOR.CUTAWAY HARROW prices address E.
Hubbard Federal Point Fla.
; Agent.
saving the life of some other poor sufferer the struggles which northern gardeners Jacksonville, Fla. IO-2I-tf
whose case has been pronounced hope are forced to make to meet southern
less." INDIAN game breeding yard. S hens and cock.
air Also Langshans Leghorns and Minorcas -
Miss Broseke is an intelligent and well open competition. IIGBTMiMa including some of our Orlando prize win-
educated lady of natural refinement. Her I -*-< IAR GLSTAll WELL MACIINERYlvor**. ners. S. S. DeLanoy Apopka Fla. 4-7-6

honesty is unquestioned. Her whole appearance Delightfully Cool and Refreshing kinds, of tool I our ,
Adamantine process;can take acore. Perfected Economical -
is now a picture of health. Her Ilorgford's Acid Phosphate, Artesian Pumping Rijrn to work bv Steam.Air etc. FOR SALE for cashtime or trade orange groves: ,
Let us help you. THE AMERICAN WELL WORKS, and timber lands. E. RUMLEV Keuka,
cheeks are rosy, her eyes are bright, and with ice water and sugar. Aurora, IDol Chicago llLj Dallas, Tex. Fla. 3.n.16t.




.. ,



:r* I'.. r. : ',? ": ,<. ;:':-' r. ,

I .

WEATHER AND CROPS, thereby. Great improvement is noted in the best is the Don't be
the pineapple crop during the week; the N paint cheapest.-

For Week Ending June 11. fruit movement is now of the growing crop is rapidly well under, and way.the I misled by trying what is said to be "just as good," but whne

The week was cooler than usual for the Peas> and cane are doing well. Orange and paint insist having a genuine brand of
time of year, the deficiency in temperature lemon groves are improving rapidly. Cornis you upon
ranging from 1 to 4 degrees in the injured beyond recovery by drought.
several districts. Few sweet potatoes are planted,but thereis Pure White LeadIt
The rainfall was nearly normal for the yet time for this crop. Highest tem- Strictly

State but it fell as local showers, very perature, 96; lowest, 67; mean, 73; nor-

badly distributed,being generally largely mal, 82; average rainfall, 2.53; normal, costs no more per gallon than cheap paints, and lasts many timesas
in excess of a seasonable amount in the 0.96.
southern portion and deficient in the E. R. Demain, Director. long. Look out for the brands of White Lead offered you ; any

northern and western sections of the Jacksonville, Fla., June 12, 1894.
State. The sunshine averaged about nor- of the following are sure:

mal, being in excess where rain was de- Annual Address of President Fair- ANCHOR"(Cincinnati). "RED SEAL" (St.Louis).
ficient and below normal where the rain- .ECKSTEIN (Chicago). "KENTUCKY" (Louisville).
fall was heaviest. Crops were benefitedin banks.-Continued from p. 371. SOUTHERN (St. Louis and Chicago). ATLANTIC" (New York). .
sections where the amount of rainfull COLLIER (Pittsburgh). "JEWETT" (New York). .

exceeded or approximated a seasonal system lies in there being no opportu- FOR COLORS.-National Lead Co.'s PureWhite Lead Tinting Colors.These .

average but the showers were scatteredand nity for dishonesty, and experiencehas colors are sold in one-pound cans, each can being sufficient to tint 25 pound s of
while crops were benefited in partsof shown that there is no danger of "trictly Pure White Lead the desired shade;they are in no sense ready-mixed paints,but a combination -
some counties they suffered severely of perfectly pure colors in the handiest form to tint Strictly Pure White Lead.A .
from drought in other combinations.We Rood many thousand dollars have been saved property-owners by having our book on
portions. Heavy painting and color-card. Send us a postal card and get both free.
rains in the orange belt have caused therefore still adhere to the sale .
groves in many places to put out new by auction, firmly convinced that it is 99, xox, &Nashyflle 103 Broad' Warehouse.Street.Nash'Yme, NATIONAL' LEAD CO., New York

bloom, and it seems that the predictions by far the best method of marketingfruits. F
that the fruit which dropped would be
The Exodus Is Heading for Florida. Make the garden pay double this
replaced by a late bloom when the rainy
season began, are in a fair way to be COMMISSION AND COSTS. During the recent immigration con- year and pay for the loss on ,oranges.

verified. It is the general opinion of It would' be very desirable to reduce vention at Augusta, Ga., which has The tomato has paid for the oranges

J1 growers, however, that the orange crop the cost of production and just closed, we were impressed with and cabbages both. ts
has been injured considerably by drought. and the taken .
Western District:-Another dry week cheapen our packing transportation. general prominence by

has caused prospects to be much less: We reduced the commission to Florida, both as a State with manifoldand The yellow jasmine is poisonous in

promising in this district. Some sections eight per cent. some years ago, whichis inexhaustible resources and as a all its parts, not only to man and animals -

had sufficient: rain to enable crops to hold the only commission charged the national health resort. but even to bees and the honey

their in own some and instances even to hut make the advancement amountof grower. Out of this commission of During the past winter immigration they make; and it ought to be de

rain was for the most part, insufficientfor eight per cent we pay the expenses of turned its tide toward Florida in large stroyed.

the needs of vegetation and it is our officers and agents, telegraphic numbers, particularly toward Kissimmee -

feared that if the dry weather continues i information, printing of bulletins, etc. where Mr. Hamilton Disston of

much longer there will be lighter yieldsin I We pay shipping agents to look after Philadelphia, opened up his immense

'most crops than farmers have heretofore loading in proper cars and forward- territory for settlement; and, judging
estimated. There is
account of corn tasseling too complaint low; the on ing by most speedy routes, and com- from present appearances and the A

strawberry season' is practically ended; petent and reliable bonded agents at preparations that are being made, the PoorFertilizer

cotton beginning to bloom; oats all har- the selling points, the collection of all early autumn will witness an influx of

vested in fine condition; pastures dving claims for over-charges, loss in tran- the better class of immigration such as
in places. The temperature was slightly Like a poor horse or a poor
sit' or damage en route, and a con- perhaps has not taken place in this
deficient for the week and there was an cow, costs as much to use as
stant supervision of the fruit from the country since the "fortyniners"rushed
abundance of sunshine. With seasonable a good one, or more;
rains from this time the crops now suffering day it reaches our hands until returnsare upon California in their quest BECAUSE,

will, for the most part recover. made to the shipper.We for the yellow metal. being weaker in strength, it

Highest temperature, 92;lowest, 68; mean have also arranged to largely This country is annually sending takes more to go round, more

77; normal, 78; average rainfall, 0.45; control the supply of box material, abroad over $171,000,000 in round labor, more hauling, more
normal 1.39 inches.
Northern Dil'\trict.-There was a daily paper, etc., and to keep prices downon figures for products, all of which can, tear handling than, and a good more wear fertilizerlike and

deficiency of about four degrees in temperature articles required by the grower. some entirely and some partly, be the Bowker.IT .

and the rainfall was about half FOREIGN SHIPMENTS. produced in Florida ; and when to IS A PACT
the normal amount, being! heaviest in the the high productiveness of the Stateis that one-half of Bowker'*
southern and in We have opened during the
lightest the extreme up past
added the further advantage it has fertilizer will further and
northeast portion. In some of the south- season a foreign trade and sent abroad
virtue of its furnish more plant food and
ern counties of the district where by delightful alltheyearround -
heavy some 80 car loads of fruit principallyto
in better forms than whole
showers fell climate Florida be said a
corn and cotton are looking may to
well but drought in the northern counties Liverpool. We continued to shipas have entered upon a distinctive new ton of" ordinary "phos-

has been very severe,in places,and farmersare long as prices were satisfactory.The of usefulness and phates.
era prosperity as
becoming discouraged at the outlook. favorable beginning made we Look into the matter to-day
Heavier showers well to the individual settler as to the by sending a postal-card for
are needed generally, hope to very considerably enlargenext
State and the nation thanks the free circular.
and warmer nights would be beneficial to season, and eventually to securea ; to our
cotton. Highest temperature, 92; lowest. foothold in English marketsas far-reaching judgment and bold enter-
60; mean, 75; normal, 79; average ,rainfall strong prise of Mr. Disston.-National Econ-
-0.56 normal rainfall 1.26. the superior quality of our fruit be-
; omist. 74 Bay Street, Savannah, Ga.
Central District.-The temperature comes appreciated and more generally .
averaged about 2 degrees below normal known. 4 A. M. BOND, GEN'L ACT. FOR FLA.GROWERS'
and there was a decided excess in rain- NEW FEATURES. The high prices for tomatoes which \ /
fall. Showers have ,occurred almost prevailed for a time have had their
daily in this district since June 1st and The Board of Directors have had usual result. The anxiety of the
crops generally are reported as much under consideration for several months
to these has
secure big prices
improved. Orange groves have been plans for still further benefitting the growers \ HEADQUARTERS.
greatly benefited and in many places thetrees within led them to ship tomatoes which were .
our legitimate field of
and growers and unfit for market and now
are blooming again ,
growers an- green ;
action. I think Lunch, with home-made pies, from cents
will IS
ticipate a good set of late fruit. Late you approve of almost at the end of the season, when up Regular meals at reduced rates. Board $4
corn has improved very much but. is these plans and recognize their wis Florida tomatoes should be the largest a week.

being damaged in places by bud worms. dom. and finest in the market, they are MAIN STREET CAFE,
The setting of sweet potatoes is now in
FINANCIAL CONDITION. 24 Main Street, Jacksonville Fla.Sheriff .
the tail
dragging disgracefully along
progress but on account of a scarcity of ,
vines the acreage will not be as large as They will also report to you the excellent end of the lot.
was intended. Heavy shipments of financial condition of the Exchange e Sale.
water melons forward. A evidenced BY virtue of a writ of execution issued out of
are the
going by accumula- We notice a number of orange trees the Circuit Court for Duval county, Florida,
valuable horse was killed by lightning at tion of a surplus belonging to the are putting on a June bloom. Thosein on December aSth, A, D. 1892 upon a decree in
Orlando on the 6th. chancery rendered on the 28th day of DecemberA.
Everything would be benefited by a stockholders and which has enabled the douse lot of H. Beadel of D. 1892 against Charles W. DaCosta, defend-

continuation of the showers. The meas- them to make a stock dividend of 100 Cheshire, Conn., especially, are full of ant have in levied favor upon of Jno.and C. I/Engle will sell, at complainant public sale,to I

ured rainfall reported varies in amount per cent., as well as declaring the the fragant blossoms.Belle view the highest bidder for cash, in front of the
from 0.40 at Pierson, to 5.05 inches at usual 10. per cent dividend. Blade. court-house in Jacksonville, Duval county,
Florida, on Monday,July ad, 1804, between the
Georgiana. Highest temperature 95; I bear cheerful testimony to the legal hours of sale, whatever right, title or interest -
lowest 63; mean, 77; normal, 79; aver- the said Charles W. DaCosta has in the south
age rainfall, 2.46; normal rainfall, 1.60. faithful worth of your salaried officersas Last month's phosphate shipmentsfrom half of lot number 4,in block number 69,accord 1
well the ing to Hart's map of the city of Jacksonville
Southern District as unpaid and voluntary Port Tampa exceeded any ,
-Correspondents report Duval county, Florida.
a large excess of rainfall this week, service of your Board of Directors.G. month yet, reaching a total of about Purchaser to pay for titles.N.

and vegetation has been greatly benefited R. FAIRBANKS. 22,000 tons. SherUrDuval.County B. BItow, Florida.All D.

-), :' ,.' .. -,. .. --- ., '
,-.- ---- R .






-------- ---------------- ----

SAVANNAH LINE. Clyde Steamship Co.

1 Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours. NEW YORK, CHARLESTON AND FLORID LINES..


The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
pa..a.ae> : Ra.1e.:: s
both ways :
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate. $19.00; Excursion 843.50; (STANDARD TIMB.)
i Steerage $12.50. From New York. From Jackiomrllle.
Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin 27.00' ; Intermediate $n.oo j Excursion, $47.301; Steerage $14.25 (Pier 29. B.R.) STEAMER Florida.
Ell* The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Monday, May aSth, at 3 pm.......... "IROQUOIS". .......Sunday June 3rd at 4:00am
r FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Friday, June ist, at 3 p m."ALGONQUIN"........Thursday, 7that 6:30am:
(Central or 900 Meridian Time.) Tuesday, 4 5th, atspm........."SEMINOLE". ... ...Sunday, lothatlo.ooam

Nacoochee .......................... ...... ...........................Sunday, July i, 2.oop.m. Tuesday Friday, "" 12th 8that3pm..hIROQUOIS".Thursday., at ......."ALGONQUIN" ....... 17th i4th,,at at xyopm:: a 221
City of Augusta... .. .............................................Tuesday, July 3, 5.30p.m. Friday, .' 15th.at 3 pm........"SEMINuLE"..... ....Sunday 21st, at o.ooam 4:00
,, City of Birmingham..............................................Friday, July 6, 8.oo a.m. Tuesday, at 3 p ....... "IROQUOIS" ......... Thursday, 24that Boo: a m
19th m. Sunday
Kansas City....................... .... ........ ....................Sunday, July 8, 9.30 a.m. Friday, std,at 3 p m........."ALGONQUIN" ......Thursday, 28th,at 12.00 n'n
Nacoochee .................. ........... ............ ...............Tuesday, July 10, ii 30 a. m. Tuesday, 26th, at 3 p m......... "SKMINOLE" .......Sunday, July tat, at 2x0: m
....................................... 3 p p
City of Augusta ............ Friday, July 13 2.30 p. m. Friday 29th,at m......... "IROQUOIS" .........Thursday, 4th, at 6xo: a mFor
City of Birmingham..... ..........................................Sunday, July 15, 400 a.m. 3 p
Kansas City............................... ....... ...............Tuesday, July 17 5-30p.m.
Nacoochee ...........................-................... ... ..........Friday, July 20, 7.00 a. m.
City of Augusta.... ..................................... ... .Sunday, July 22, 8.00a.m. S : J"OHNS: : RI ER INE.
City of Birmingham..Tuesday) July 24,
Kansas City...... ................:.......................... ......Friday, July 27,12.30 7.30p.m.p. m.
I,, Nacoochee ........ ..... ................ ... ..... ............. ..Sunday, July 29, 2 oo p.m.
City of Augusta....................................................Tuesday, July 31, 4.30p.m.
t FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on

Tallahassee ........................................................Thursday, July 5 6.30 a. m. the St. Johns River
Chattahoochee.....................................................Thursday, July 12,*
' Tallahassee.......... ..... ............... ................... .... Thursday, July 19, 6.oop.m.i.sop.m. ,. .
Chattahoochee................ ......................... .........Thursday, July 6, 11.30 a. m. The elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer "

"' I >
( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) E'VERGLADE *9

! Dessoug.................._............... .........................Sunday, July i,
Dessoug.... ..t......................................................Wednesday July ii, 2.303.m.m. Capt. W.A. SHAW, .
I Dessong............................................... ............Saturday, July 21,12.30p. m.
Dessoug.. ................... ............ .................... ..... Tuesday July 31. 4 7.ooa..OO p.m. Leaves JACKSONVILLE from foot of Laura Street, at 3.30 p. m;


Connect at Savannah. with Central Railroad of Georgia. Savannah Florida & Western Railway,
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. PALATKA SANFORD ENTERPRISE
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to and from all Fastern Points in the South. ,
, See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
And Intermediate the St. Johns
R. I,. WALKER,Agent C. G.ANDERSON Agent Landings on River.
New Pier No.35, North River. New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents Lewis' Wharf, Boston. Leaves SANFORD, 5.00 a. m., and ENTERPRISE, 5.30 a. m.
W. L JAMES, Agent 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.W. .
H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York.
J. D. HASHAGEN Eastern Agent. Sav.,Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y. .
J.L. ADAMS Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A.DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway New York. 306
Washington St.,Boston.
J. P.BECKWITH, General Agent 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville. Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
WALTER HAWKINS Fla. Pass.Agent, W. E.ARNOLD, Gen.Trav. Pass. Agt..
71 West Bay Street Jacksonville.W. A.J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green New York.M. .
H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green,New York.
A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. THEO. G. EGEB, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.F. .
J. B. BOURS. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville,Fla.
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville, Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers, 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.


We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of .
Milwaukee Florida En.

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran Wheat, Grits, Meal, Draqge .

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties oi Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. Budding-Wood for tale at all time
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION; TO CORRESPONDENCE.For .
Catalogue and Price-List,address


Tygert-Illen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA

Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH, :dttor vdr for than' Is Different from Otners.

I GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. 1894. cp OB''Y ,' It Is Intended to aid the planter in selecting the Seeds
SULPHATE POTASH ., ,. best adapted for his needs' and conditions and In getting
from them the best possible results. It Is not therefore highly
Orange Tree and Vegetable colored in either sense; and we have taken great care that
KAINIT, Etc I nothing worthless be put In,or nothing worthy be left out. We
FERTILIZER.These Invitea trial of our Seeds. We know them because we them.
C1 Td Every planter of Vegetables or Flowers ought to know about our
Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will
convince. three warrants; our cash discounts; and our gift of agricultural
Send for Catalogue free. papers to purchasers of oar Seeds. Allot these are explained
r 8 the Catalogue, a copy of which can be yours for the asking.
JOHN L. MARVIN, +ca6ttiled 1856. J. J. H. GREGORY & SON, Marblehead,Mat*.
President.H. .


f Cashier. CRPlTAIi $100,000. Assistant Cashier. Potash for Fruits and Vegetables.

Potash Salts are especially beneficial for Fruits and Vegetables of all kinds; on sandysoils| a
L THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK marketable variety is impossible without them.
Fertilizers for Fruits and Vegetables should contain from 12 to 15 per cent.of Potash. Use fertilizers -
containing enough Potash, or apply Potash Salts, such as Kainit, Sulphate of Potash and
For information and pamphlets address German Bali Works 93 Nassau St., New York City.
Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections and General

R. W. DIXON: : : & SON,

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin, 190 and 190* Duane St., New York.
H. T. T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
Baya, Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty,Strawberries a (special feature. Quick tales aad
Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davldso -- .. --



-- -- --



THEIR CELEBRATED Brand of,:TRUCK.FARMERS' SPECIAL produced the first best crop of the year and the patrons of this brand have been very successful and made large sums of
money out of their crops the past year. Messrs. G.W. Bigelow and N.J.Anderson o IBushnell, Fla.,started their crops of Watermelons into market the latter part of May.
Mr.BIOELOW sold two cars in New-York,'through'Sgobel&Day for$456.00 first car and$530.00 second car-The highest; price ever realized in New York. He also sold one car in Boston for
$500 and other cars at fancy prices. No Brand of Fertilizer has Realized One-Third as Good Results. Write for full information regarding our different brands of Spetial.Mixtures.

-- ---- -- -
." ,d----T- .:

.IF' YOU CAN produce a car: load' of fine early melons from our Truck Farmers' Special and sell at $300 or over per car in New York, .

is it not more remunerative than using slower and cheaper fertilizers: ? Let us figure : A car of early melons that cut well will bring ?

"l New York at least $300. Deduct $140 '(freight, $110; commission, $30;) and you will get $160 net proceeds. But if you use a fertilizer

t that is not carefully ,prepared or adapted to the crop and soil requirements of the State you get your melons into a late market and, are

fortunate'if they bring freight"charges. Say, however, two later,cars,bring a total of $300, you have double freight, amounting to $220,

and commission $30, leaving only $50 as your net proceeds.-OBSERVE THE DIFFERENCE! .


to valuable points on this 'subject and show how to obtain remunerative
,.' By writing us we jan give you some you crops.


-:: We give Remunerative Crops. Others furnish Theory. No. 50 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

Our Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, prepared from O. S. Gas Lime, is giving splendid results. Write for copies of the opinions of those who have carefully
C tested,this article.We .
place only those articles on the market that bring remunerative returns. Drop us a postal for our"Special Opinion about"Fertilizers as a Profitable Investment."

ARCADIA, FLA., December 13th, 1893.
The Paine Fertilizer Co.,Jacksonville,Fla.: _
GENTLEMEN.have read with much interest Prof.Pratt's analysis of your O. S. C.Lime,reported: in the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER' of the 9th inst. I purchased two tons of you about three
months ago and sowed it broadcast over two acres of,newly cleared up bay-head land. I have now growing over 4,000 cabbages 1,500 tomato plants,several hundred e?;g plants beets,lettuce cauliflowerand
onions all doing remarkably well,all of which' I attribute to the use of your 0. S. C.Lime. Less than- four months ago this garden was a wet, swampy bay-head. I have four acres now to clear
up and shall use a ton to an acre. Yours truly
.Just received a cargo of German Kainit also large quantities of Potash and Nitrate of Soda and Western goods. We have a large cargo of Potash (all kinds)and Nitrate of Soda,to,arrive during 1
.'December,and will cut under all prices. Drop us a line for quotations. (Mention this paper.)

Lorenzo A. Wilson. W. G. Toomer. USE ONLY FERTILIZERManufactured

: WILSON & TOOMER by the


'..,of L. B Darling Fertilizer Co.



AND YEGET BLES. 0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.,
No. 8 Bostwick Block, Corner Bay and Main Streets
Send for Pocket Memoranda Book.
POTASH-Both High, and Low Grade always

in stock, at lower prices than competitors Evaporate Your Fruit at

who have it to arrive. Home.With I
the U. S. Cook Stove Drier 11'r
Green River Kentucky Tobacco Stems Always on hundreds of dollars worth of fruit E;' '
can be saved with this machine
._ Hand.Fine every year. To meet the demandfor "' .u"r
a small cheap drier, suitablefor
Ground Tobacco Stems, use on, any ordinary cook, oil

Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, or gasoline stove, we now offer the
above. It is .; : caoKs
very simple, economical ; .
Canada Hardwood Ashes. Acid Phosphate, efficient and convenient, and ' $ o
.. for farmers' use just what is wanted, .
,, ( Sublimed Flowers of Sulphur. and we believe the cheapest and f
best little drier of its class on the : -
., BLOOD 'AND BONE. market. _
$8.50 in value for $5.00. Through ,. ;
a special arrangement we are enabled
to offer the U. S. Cook Stove Drier, w _
'FERTILIZER MATERIALS the regular price of which is $7.00 for 1.'I".' '' '
only $5.00, together with a year's subscription I
.. -ANI> to the FARMER AND FRUIT "t!? --- --- /
,, GROWER. To any one sending a club .',":=_ -
: AGRICULTURAL of five yearly subscribers at $2.00 ,, I"' ':
,. '
< ., OP HA1 D. each, or four subscribers and $1.00 in .:-':1'"J Irirl, !!II ',I'' ',
money we will send one of the driers ': :lJ' ";I:
free. &UjJ) I i .
1.;:. LOW\ PRICES. WRITE\ FOR PRICES and ANALYSIS. QUICK SHIPMENT. The drier has eight galvanized wire .'.!- :- .
cloth trays containing twelve square .
feet of tray surface-the dimensions s
base 22x16 inches, height 26 inches.

WIlizc1 & TOO1VIE, Sent by freight at receiver's expense. Weight, crated, about twenty-seven
\ TfB FHf mizEfi fiouss OF p110tpDA.f' It is always ready for use and will last a life-time. Has been thoroughly tested

: Ja.oksoD.'V'ille. I'1a. and approved, and will more than please you. As a great economizer and money
f' .' t., ', maker for rural people it is without a rival. "%
Mr. Thomas Patten of Glen St. Mary, Fla., bought one through this paper last
CIRCULARS- OF year and he writes us. "It is all that could be desired, considering size".

SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain Dandy Garden Plow.

This"Plow constructed almost entirely of iron; is very strong, durable and yet alight
a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus weighing only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very light draft.
,' Family which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by us ,
In our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of The use of this implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable. With if a
man can do a man's work and half the work of a horse. We furnish witH ttiis
- :" The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States. plow sweep and a turn-shovel as well as the bull'tongue shown in the cutl' : Man

Send jforcirculars. Address i ufacturer'a prieez $5.00. Price with this paper, $4.00, or given'as a premium for
: RC6.
ML t-i.t=
SunsctHfflLakeCo.Fla, three new subscribers at$2.00 each."if .
:: ..RK. ,,t:,-

r384 .
: '-