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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00023
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 14, 1894
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00023
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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__.u ___WJHIOBC_ ______ IS__INCORPORA.'X'ED_ ',' 'iii '
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_______ __ ___ oim& t'P1S A .
S. Powers _._ __ __ P"H.! _, __
PobUlherand
; ProprIetor.

-, --- -- JACKSON.'ILLE. FLA.. APRiL 14, 1894. Whn1A_n__ -Nn---_ 1-....1-.A'.. .. EW Of T T D>k._
vol. va. u.io.
Geo. S. Hacker '' s.
& Son,. 'EST L.ISH'-Eb 1'892". 'i

MANUFACTURERS OF BeBTeview Soft
Phosphate

"",4 wa..."",,. .c ftI.w .",-_;':, 1UFThhO FRUIT MOTION'{ GO Best fertilizer fruit trees ever, and sold, vegetables.in Florida for


a.'m. !
FOR THE SALE OF Price reduced this season to five
w '
-g'7 Florida and California dollars per ton in Carloads.
;: Oranges, and Small Fruits

.
"' 1'" ,
Oi '.. ... ATI? AiTC'rioi.2.OOO DRI D.JGRO'UN"D.
,
: C "- ,. .
.. square feet of floor space. Ample cold'jstorage '0 'c .,
a. wired at once. Sales four capacity. Car Lots a Specialty,Results
days
a week.
0 Our
auction
from all over Western New York sales are attended by fruit dealers ,
Western
-0 ,:I Pennsylvania .
Eastern
; and Ohio and
only Independent Canada. The
A ,AuctionCo., in original
Western
: New
ca. York.
C not Convenient to SACK
limited.Quick aU railroads.
+ sales and prompt returns. Capital D.
GOw Remember, this '
We have no opposition in the Auction market is one of'the best.
business
,
and
. ments. realize good prices for all shIp- "
a -Write for full
; : particulars
o'C.
: And Building Material.'CkAR1EBTON l. Office tdAiJc'tion '
Rooms 104 & 106 '
S. 'D. ; REFERENCESQueen' -- W; Market 'Buffalo, N. Y. IB. 's-prrH'
,
City
Baltimore, Md.;Continental Bank ndakofBuli'alotN.,' Y.; Marine Bank ofBufialo, N.Y.:;;Citizens Bank, 'Geiienai'
Baltimore
Md. ]1W anmger
BENTON ;any Commercial ; Jacksonville $
& UPSONRRGATNG A. M4 Use Ives U.,.S.Usq Cipher Florida Fruit Exchange. Agency. Florida Reference- Fl .
and Scattergood's '
,. Code and California Cipher (revised).

'JAclcsoNvIw8.. FuL", !.!....tL!L 1',} '1')4' t. I. r Acme, HotAJ__


1 i : .: THE SOUTH SIDE MANUFACTURING ,.CD. 2Vp., 307 W.European:."Bay St., -,Jacksonville Plan., -" -,, Pia;",'

W -J II .I Reopened with flnelyfurnished apartments -
; : PkTERSBURG with clean,nice 'beds 60c to f 1

MACHINERY -- .' .... VA., per day h person. 'Good dining room
'MANUFACTURERS-THEThe in !same block with moderate prices.

'; 'BO TH R. L., OHADWICK.,

.,' :Steam and Horse Power. hSide Fruit and Vegetable Carriers FRUI TREES.

t the .. .. f ,.ti, FOXSOUTHERN .
standard for '
ten years of excellence and
.' .. tions about them., Send for illustrated style, will be glad to answer any ques } ORCHARDS.
catalogue and price list. Mailed free.'HASTINGS' Write for i '
< < Catalogue'and: price list
PIpe, Pipe, Fitting 'Brass1alve
' JENNINGS' NURSERY
! ...r CO.,
/ ; FIRST ThornasYllle Oa.
l/ Hose, Etc. LAUREL: :
\r < .
** \ : J i v > BATTERSON
WRITE, Y & CO.
FOR
ESTIMATES. Is the leading early Potato for the Southern States. IMPORTANT NOTICE TO ORANGE SHIP-
now ready. First Extra stock of Seed Potatoes shipping to Buffalo, N. Y., one of the
4 Laureli $5.00 per bbl.l;; Rural New unsurpassed markets of United States,
I < Yorker.Nv..2
:
remember
.7Q.per."bbJ.. -
FraudBFruitWrappers. Dakota;Red, $4.76: .; Early'Puritan, $4.75 per bbl.; Early'Sunrise, ; .tbc: Old, Responsible, Reliable and Prompt

" ___________________ Bbl.; 'Earl/RoserRSO'per: 'bbl:; Early Beauty Hebron, $4.50 per bbl. $4.i per and Commission'dont sell at Merchants'auction, but who direct advance to retail liberally trade

'WO .t' 4ts ,_ I for.all is in them. Batterson &.CO.167-.169 Scott
; MORE CHEATING. HT.-G. HASTirsfc" StBuffalo.'N.Y' :
co., Established 1868-=35 years ex

/' Consumers of ,Fruit! 'Wrappers may Our Catalogues are free on application., 'Seedsinen/'Trierlacli en,Fla: ,perience.

now know that they get an honest am .. Bradley Redjleld.. Eugene B. Redfleld.,
4 of 480 sheets and not 400 cc EVE -" /II ESTABLISHED 1872.REDFELrD .
or 320 sheets :
R VTt1ING. : FO 1 rFItOIA." ;
ftp2eam:as some 'unscrupulous dealers .. & SON,

R c(8ttP JYA r II.a aJ W '"- JiI t r.x. \ 1 Established, 1883.- 1;Commission :;
.
<<
OVR "FAIR c ; To every ones interested in Merchants'Fruit
AND SQUARE", ch 1"n, n......,. rrap on, ,,,,. 1tJ.... ,,.,,_ _plants,_whether, for"House, Or- AND-
--- & .u, vu .H'W
6" a
wlugue aU.Ual. ill be inal-
a ,", ,.PrintedWrappers.areputupinpackages table, "Send for it
We
immediately.
.. can
supply all'Fmit'tre
pf 1000 each, .and each in Auctioneers
"Wrapper IS grown the South, beside Ornamental and Useful ,
'numbered, 'in printing, consecutively and trees from the plants 141 Dock '
Four.Quarters of the Earth." Street, Philadelphia
From ,
Pa.
( ,"Aloe .
from 1 to 1000. No one can to Zingiber' ," etc..) Write to-day, '""We.handle- all kinds of'Fruits' and Vegetables' ,

BEAT REASOtfER either at private sale(which-has heretofore been
HONESTLY a } ; BROS.* :Oneco<<; added our,custom) or, by the. auction system (recently
? to
. our Send for -I ourbusrnas)as you may desire.
prices.
HeadauartersPEOPLE
samples and
.- prices forNew '." ,. :",. ,
In the;; County Judge's Court<
,
Duval
: THE ftTYINTwG CO > County, Florida.
JEIlSEt [
t ;; ARE LEARNING By. the/County'udge' of said County:

JERSEY:; CITY' N. }.. Court Whereas for letters George of Administration A. Lewis applied the to this

N.:<=-We' do' :not deal in-imprinted,. .. ; of of'Paulado. Travis,deceased late of on said County Estate
Duvnl. These
wrappers ,. ,, ... Jn Some parts of the,country,:at,least, 'that THEY MUSTJSAVE: AN-EARLY.; all are.therefore, to cite and admonish
'r. T '1''+ .1 r--.r. ; Arangeat all.":They area1soJearningthat.BOONE'S ORANGE,oc jio anddnguJar the'kfndred and.credit-
: 116HTNNO{ and EARLY is not only the Earliest,but ors"of'said deceased to be and
nearest to a Seedless of Best J appear before this
,,'. tARO tTi'[}WELL r IIOIIIIEIIYJorb.: now for sale by -, Orange: any now grown. Budded Trees of this and other varieties Court on' or before the moth day of February,
.
; ,
'
+ C1,8kth4a t01'M.drUltr d.D 1894 and file
j objections
ht oFortpne b.aa1Dc our I if
any they have,
*m tltin rtxre cknUk.aoor:-l'erfeetedEconoar. ". to j 'thevgrantfaf letters
M<*'UI'tI h.1p* nn. TfSAMERICAN'{ WELLWORE< : ".. :' ,J ..,.ja. >,........ ,.''i.: '".ct.. ,-.1' ',-, ', i. C. A. BOONEAlet. 'the" same will be granted as as prayed.aforesaid, otherwise"
:
y Amer.. J La Chloaso.. ini Dall*** TeL'I| *, I ,.;:,2';'.J i'.'.." ','"'''', '"''.'.4' .'T",<" '.-',c.-." ,':,*;.*,\<<"' Seml-Trep1C8I%*! Nurseries* t Orlandd,*Fla*1 County Witness aforesaid name this as 8th
1i # ., "\ [Seal] W.H. BAXXX: ,County Judge.t .


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-(ROW R.r .
226
"1'


1 ORANGE GROWERS'. SUPPLIES.The .. "



INECPICLflE .
,, -


>-':- Old Reliable_ Eureka v'. .
,.tf' .
barrels at cents gallon. :
In 15 per
.
4" 'Y.
:'
The Insect Exterminator. ... -.
F
4 :' A sure remedy for the Aleyrodes (White Fly) and the Scale, without reference to the hatching period.
:
J-:? In barrels at 15 cents per gallon. s.
j
f: .

Flowers of Sulphur
f t; .'
: -
',J' *'_ In barrels at 2 cents per pound. -


Spraying Machinery '

In great variety, at manufacturers' prices.
.
BOX MATERIAL, HOOFS() ORANGE WRAPS, LADDERS, CLIPPERS, NAILS, Etc.


E. B E AN :. '

solicited.. .
Correspondence '
j Jacksonville. Fla :& >'



TO THE ORANGE GROWERS OF FLORIDA. .



tr also in the business of manufacturing! Insecticides and using them ourselves -
of
for a number years,
Having been}: practical orange growers
make the following statement:
the last ten we speak from experience when we
for
years
the
offered to
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet orange grower.

Diluted in form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as
It has never yet been Adulterated or any

other Insecticides have been throughout the State,

which it made. It can be sprayedon|
the for was
But.is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish purpose

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis
kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected
will not
As Yellow
mite
sulphur
the or
not Spotted
also the Red Spider (
effective.in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), used.
very insecticide
Solution it will better results than any ever
with give
combination Sulphur
Spider), and used in ..
...
'
ourselves and know whereof we speak.
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years and hav4 iven perfect satisfaction.
State
used of the largest growers in the .
These insecticides have been by some orange :.
furnished -"'.
References *.
PriCe-Llst.-"
Write for

PriCeLlst.McMASTER & MILLER, ,.

-
San Mateo, Fla. ." <


F RTI1tIZ 1AetuallY Orange Trees '

and Honestly Made from Animal Bone

OUR BASE IS BONE, NOT PHOSPHATE ROCK. Lemon Trees I

\. This is a Guaranteed Fact.

Standard Guano & Chemical M'f'g' Go. The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.

,1 No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La. _
NOLAN State Agent. I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va
H.
OSCAR buds,from fire
Jacksonville, Fla. rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tatdiff'and: Jaffa in two-year
WriU tt for Almanac,Prices,etc. A.W.MICHAEL to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it'* hard times,and propose to sell at

.'..N W,H.MICHAEL. Established 1868. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange. 1

Write for prices. E. GILLETT, Prep., AWeindale
MICHAEL & SON M. **
,'. W. H. ,FU.

[ESTABLISHED 1869.]
4 COMMISSION ,MERCHANTS PRL7VtER. RI EISLBWRG Sfc O0..

. AND-WHOLESALE DKALBRS IN Successors to 0.S.Palmer,166 Beade Street New York.

Domestic Fruits etc. WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS. o. e
Foreign and. pliOI IDA FRUITS AfiD VHQHTABliHS A SPECIALTY.

_ No.-1.14'Dock St.(West Side), We solicit your shipments,and invite correspondence in regard National to market Bank, Nor and <
prospects. Also) write for stencils. References: Chatham ....' t
.
PA. York,and Dun and Braditrtet Commercial AgenciM. ;..-,'+...-,,.- .-
: .. :.. .. :PHILADELPHIA, :
:l''':'.:. .< -r--' I

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_YEAR.PER FLORIDAFARMER "f :J "FR'UIT-GROWER. 'YEAR.2 PER. : :.

'


For One TERMS Year ..OP.....SUBSCRIPTION........................fz.oo the hopes and wishes of so many anx- .I The; ,horticulturists of the, State were reacheda, point where we must.grap-
For Six Months....................... ..... 1.00 ious hearts. It has never occurred to mostly at work in the dark as to the ple with the stubborn facts that our
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 me that we should lack a welcome, best.varieties, modes of planting, cultivation present production has outgrown our

advance.; Subscriptions No discount in all allowed cases cash one's in and the kindly and eloquent words of and fertilizing.A present means and methods of trans-
on
"
own subscription(except in a club), but to the mayor prove that Jacksonville is STRANGE SOIL AND CLIME. porting, distributing and selling. It
all agents a liberal cash commission will not insensible, of her indebtedness to Of those who were engaged in }horticulture i is the height of folly to go on increas-
be allowed on all subscriptions obtained those whom we represent for their in Florida at that time ing our output without! at the ,same
by them. Write for terms. .. part in the splendid which some time
progress providing some to dispose of
business in famil-- way
To every new subscriber we will send, she is were at a strange a
making. it at a profit. That thing must be
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Gardening I iar soil and climate; a few more were ,
, in Florida." For two- new sub Mr. Bielby also spoke of the won in a familiar business in a strange soil done, and it will be well for this con-
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, derful progress that Jacksonville is and climate but the vention to give its best thoughts to a
a
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange making; of the new and handsome strange ; in great discussion of the paramount question.
Culture." I majority were engaging a strange
buildings, paved streets, deep water With this in mind it be
Hates of business in soil and may .not out
advertising on application. a strange strange
and proposed improved water front.A of the
Remittances way to call, your attention to
should be made by check, climate. Of all of these was the
postal note money order or registered portion of her prosperity was Florida State Horticultural Society some of the prominent features of the
letter toorder: of said to be due to the horticulturists.The situation.As .
its All
composed at organization.
FARMER AND FRUIT GBOWBB.Jacksonville. orange growers were urged to anxious scholars stated before, five million boxes
were none was a
Fla. shake off the notion that they had competent teacher. We knew that of oranges will just about give each
come to the end of their rope, but the people of the United States inhabitant of the United States one

NOTICE to take heart at the prosperity wanted and would use fine Florida orange a month. It would seem pos ,.
shown by Jacksonville which sible that under
was favorable conditions,
fruit and determined find
to out
If you receive a copy of this but an index to the whole State.TO we it each person could be induced, to eat
how to grow for them. To that end
paper which you did not order, RAISE ORANGES MOST CHEAPLY. almost exclusively have been devotedthe one orange a week and not become
consider it an invitation to sub- surfeited and that would make
"This twen-
one thing we must learn, efforts of our society. We have
scribe. If you do not want it ty million boxes. Can we bring
said the speaker, "that the men who counseled together as to the soil,
kindly hand it to a neighbor.; about those conditions?
can raise the best oranges for the planting, varieties, fertilization, cultivation -
least money, are the ones who in budding, pruning, etc. The MUST BE SOLD CHEAP.
STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCI the future will succeed, and that is progress we have made and the To popularize oranges and have ev-

ETY. the special province of the Horti success we have achieved is evidencedby ery one eat them freely/, they must be
cultural Society, to teach men howto a crop this year of nearly 5,000,000 sold to the consumer at popular* : '
Seventh Annual : Jacksonville
Meeting at -
raise the best oranges for the boxes of oranges; pears, grapes, prices. At fancy prices like 40 cents ,;. .
=, April 10,11,12 and 13. least money. The Florida orange is peaches and strawberries by the car 60 cents, or $1.00 per dozen, only the

About 125 persons were present, at peerless, it stands without a rival or load,and young plantations of each few can use them freely; a good many
the opening of the session in the Boardof a second, and the men who as the that, ,in. the near future, will furnish moderately, but a great, many more '
Trade rooms. The Society was State Horticultural Society meet here train loads. sparingly or not at all. If the money
welcomed by Mayor Fletcher in a to-day have been largely instrumentalin That we have reached perfection in the consumer pays for fruit could be '> :

felicitious speech, in the course of making it so, and when the varieties and modes of cultivation of divided among the grower, carrier
which he said"It: is a singular.thing standard of every man who grows these fruits, no one will claim. On and seller in fair proportion to the :
that there are more people engaged in oranges in Florida shall be the stan- the contrary, it is plain that we are service rendered, this could be done. :."-:
agriculture in this country than in any dard of the masters, "only the best," only on the threshold of economical, The grower has spent money, time
other pursuit and ,that they do the we will have gone a long way toward scientific, successful and practical and care and has originated the pro-
hardest work and receive the least solving the difficult problem production of fruit. But we have now duct, yet under the present system he ...
remuneration,although it is the source before us." reached a point where we can look is the last one paid.. He sends out

of all wealth and prosperity."We President Adams' Address. ahead and with certainty see what the a lot of oranges; the transportation

may bond our counties and I I Following the response of Mr. possibilities and probabilities of production company takes charge of them, and

dig our rivers; we may bond our cities 'Bielby came the address of the presi are. We see now five million when they reach their destination,
and erect immense buildings, pave dent-Dudley W. Adams. Mr. boxes of oranges and trees enough the freight must be ,paid in full, and s
our streets, beautify and adorn; ,we Adams said : planted that with our present knowl- the drayage must be paid in full, and
may borrow and spend, brag and Ladies and gentlemen of the Florida edge will in a few years bear ten then the commission :for selling must
display, but commerce will not floaton State Horticultural Society : million. fifteen million or twenty be paid in full. lithe fruit bringstoo

our rivers, the owls and bats will For the seventh time the :Florida million boxes; and pears, peaches, little to meet these charges, the .
inhabit our buildings and:.serpents and State Horticultural Society meets in pineapples and strawberries are com grower is called upon'to make up the
toads will live in our streets, 'If the annual convention. The augmented ing in in uncounted carloads.IS deficiencies, and in any event he

soil is not cultivated and made to numbers who meet here today giveus THERE OVER-PRODUCTION? gets only the surplus after all other

bring'forth fruit, vegetables and, the cheer, for they tell louder than This fact brings us face-to-face with charges are paid. Whether the priceof
thousand products of which it" is fruit is high or l low, whether the
words of the growth and extending the great problem of to-day. Our
This work must be made growergets anything or not, the transportation '
capable. to influences of our society. We warmly efforts at production have been so
:some extent attractive and profitable. greet the veterans who have been long successful that we look with pride .is always high, and is alwaysthe

'Our climate, our splendid natural with us in the field, and heartily wel upon our magnificent crops of fruit first bill to be paid. '"
advantages, in fact, nature has bountifully come the recruits who swell and and vegetables and can confidentlyrely HIGH FREIGHT RATES. ,;,.

supplied everything make it strengthen our hosts. It is a source on rapidly-increasing quantityand Now, my fellow fruit growers, it is: .".
both, but there are enemies at work of great pride to be able, to say that improved quality. Here then is time for us to have something to say
destroying, the products and the re our growth has been steady and rapid the problem. What shall'we do withit about this thing. The present rate of .,,!
turns." from the very first until to-day. ? Is there an over-production? freight and this year's price'of fruit
MR. BIELBY'S RESPONSE. Though one of the youngest, the The five million boxes we have mean absolute ruin to our industry. r' ,

The address of welcome was responded Florida State Horticultural Society is' grown this year would only give each Last week I paid $330 on a car-load
to by Mr. C. F. A. Bielby of one of the largest, most useful, i intelligent inhabitant of the United States one of oranges, and the same week a
DeLand, who stated that he felt ,a and active societies,, the kindin orange a month. Is that too many? neighbor offered to sell me a five-acre
pleasure in responding to it as he felta the United States. The work we And yet the growers have not received orange grove, seven years old, in
personal as well as a society interestin have done we look back to with sat from the.sale of this crop the cost good condition, for $300. That is a
the fact that the metropolis of the isfaction, and the work before us we of its production. ,Acres of cabbageare startling statement. I give the priceof .
State-the gateway of the entrance look forward to with hope, determination rotting in our fields to-day, and a five acre orange grove and $30 to
and exit-was the proper place to and confidence. When the millions of people are hungry for cab have one car-load of oranges carriedto
hold the convention of the ,society, society was organized the horticultureof ,bage. In view of these facts, is, it market! '
not only to-day, but always. the State was comparatively in its ':wise to continue to devote undivided Now we should not go to the trans

"Ofce of the great trials of countrylife infancy; the orange and. lemon busi. attention to the growing of fruits and portation companies as supplicants
is its- loneliness," said the speaker, ness was just beginning to"be of con- vegetables, for which we receive no asking a favor, but we should go at
"and the opportunity should be givento sequence. Florida's peaches, pears ,fair compensation? masters of the.situation and claim our
us once in the year at least to meet and pomelos were practically un Though I do not believe we are rights.
in ,the city through whose gates the known. The pineapple, strawberryand growing more fruit than ought, to be The average price the grower has
wonderful products of our farms and grape were scarcely thought of as used'under proper conditions, yet i it paid for transporting this crop is not
orchards have passed, freighted with' Florida probabilities of importance.' does occur to me that we have,now far from 65 cents,per box. The aver2 ; "







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-"
... r rage r "
*8:' : ,' THE'FLORIDA FARMER AND TRUIT=GROWER : : .

-, .
-
( -

net amount ,received by the is in, and whose revenue,.depends on; :CHAPMAN: :
grower will not exceed one-half: or his business, partisan politics is a mat & SUDLOW

two thirds ''of that' sum. That is not ter of small moment. The only use ,

right. It is 'not 'a fair divide. The the horticulturist true patriot
business of ''a carrier is a legitimateand has'Tor any'political party is'as' an instrument .tyIg$UFgCTURE S' OF 'FERTILIZERS

:prorjerone and entitled to fair to enact' into law such prin- ANDDealers .

cbmperisatibn.. 'So,is The' business of ciples as he.deems for'the-good of the in'Every Kintl-of: :Raw .Material.V

horticulture. There'is no good reason country.If .

wily'one ''should have all that is in'..it ,we, believe prosperity;, of Potashes, Blood and Be;ne and Cotton Seed Meal. Send for pamphlet and prices to.Box 594.

diid"'the'other none. 'our',State and business will;be advanced. ,JacJisonvllle, or to'Factory and Office;. at Sonih. .JC! k8out' lle.
-tjrhe: common law recognizes the by a reasonable and just control ,of the

railroads\as 'common carriers who are common carriers of the State,.,then we Lemon Trees at Half ;Price
,
,
lawfully bound to carry' goods at a should say so in the only way we can OFange.and ,

fair1'rate. 'Who will decide' what is ,afairrate speak with authority, or forever after

? 'The lawyer 'will 'answer : hold our peace. To, get together in The For the money balance in oranges of the season lies growing we offer our,fancy stock kinds at just;such half,as'price.''Washington Navel,Tangerines,

''Th e courts.". Very true. Theoretically :conventions, or in pairs, or in groups, Tardiff,'Ruby Bloods, Lemons and Grape Fruit,and ".we've got 'em."

; that'is1 correct, practically 'and talk and write aboutgetting; concessions Send for catalogue to W.; HAWKINS &' SONS,

it is impossible. from,the railroads,and all that Georgetown, Fla.

,. .. :stuff':is child-like, and places us in the
THE RIGHT OF MIGHT. f
'false position of mendicants, when re-, '
The 'average. orange grower can 1:FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
_
ally we are the masters, and ought to :
never reach.. justice thus, for ,he ,has
:be,taking: ;-the proper steps to secure .
not' 'the'" ,,sinews- .of war to conduct. "a :our,,justrights.WANTS! An Incorporated Home Association of Orange'' Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the.
AUTHORIZED CAPITAL tax>(000.)
protracted suit,;against a great corporation. 1 best advantage. '
!, NO FENCES. BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully .,prepared'to supply', boxes and' paper on
., The,transportation companiesassume order. Write for price:list and terms.'
. the. right ,to say how: ,much ,Another:thing: I have built and am -:OFFICERS :-

they will take, and they take.it. The :now maintaining 1,950 rods 'of fence GEO. R"F AIRBANKSkPresident. ; : and Treas. 'M. P-TURNER, Secretary. ;
other party to arrangement.has,no !For my own use ? Not :at all. It is''notonly DIRECTORS J* -Geo. R. Fairbanks fi A ; Alachua Co.; E.G._Hill,'BradfordCo.' kDr:E. E-{Pratt
voice in the matter. That is not a an expense'and, of no use tome Hillsboro Co.,John Fabyan, Lake Co.; HjrCrutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf"DuvaI'Co.Co.;
B.-M. Baer. Duval Co.; A. Brady, jBrevard Co.F.G.SampsonrMarion"CoiC.VrHillyer: ,
disinterested 'ffitiurial.t) : Its interestspr'ecltfdV ,' but an actual damage. ''It1 is in ,Marion Co.; John :M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. 'E. ,Stanton, Putnam Co.; .H. S.Moreman St.
did I build 'it and': Johns Co.;: CT. A.Bielby, "volusia Co.; Benj.Dowd; Lake Co.
\ the' possibility. impartial my way. Why ,Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville,Fla. Stencils,
j judgment., 'why1; 'maintain it ? Because 'the laws ,with'full packing and snipping instructions furnished on application.BUDDED .,.

*There: is but One'way in ''which ''we ,of the State permit my neighbors'

can' get-a just and fair:tribunal accessible 'stock to come on my land, take :my ; ROSES:!
'
'" and 'well as corn 'and and oats and carry :
> to the poor 'lowly as oranges .
to'the rich;'and 'str ng, 'and',that'is, by- them away. If it is just for him to GROWN' ":IN AND I ,'ADAPTED- 'TO" 'FLORIDA.Send .'
the'action1 bf lhe'sovereign'people."This5 : permit his stock to come and take'my
should the law prohibit him for catalogue and price-list to
: .brings us to another phase' of crop, why
die subject/,'and!that''\is the''proper relationship ifi sending his children or his ser- 'Has1i..n.gs -'die 'Wylie: ,
of 'the horticulturists to vants, 'or coming' himself, and.take all 'Irit.er1a.01: eE1. 11"1&
; :that is not defended by force?
the State rid1N ation. In a republic ThlrtyrFIfth Year.
300 Acres In Nursery. :
thV} 'people*'are'riot nly'the recipients Speaking for one horticulturist,' I' ;SPECI.ALTIES: :
can: that I. have paid more for
of'the' benefits of-'good1 government, : say
But1 in""'them is placed the sacred duty 'fences than JaIl the State, county and FRUI'"I TREES Specially Peach, Oriental, adapted.Plums to ,Florida and and Pears sub-tropical, Japan Persimmons countries.,

and'responsibility'of'' milking it'a good school' taxes I have paid in Florida. Strawberries,:Guavas,Giant Loquat,etc., etc. 'Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens,'Camel
horticulturists lias,Azaleas,50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees;Hedge. Plants;Open Ground,Grown Roses. The
government. The horticulturist is'no What'my neighbor Green House Department is every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-
exception.' .He has a right' to expect. 'and I have paid for fences wouldtbuy alogues free. Address. :J.: BERGKNIANS, FruiUand Nurseries,Augusta, Ga.'

ofvthe :State' the: production 'of just all the stock, sheep and razorbacks in No Agents. '
the neighborhood and powder and CIRCULARS OF
laws. The State has a right"to expect
him to 'do his full share' in making ball enough to kill 'them and have QTTMQTTT NURSERIES

and enforcing'' the laws. 'Some .very money'enough left to run a free schoola ou DILI HILL

g6bd' men seem' so' think particularly good term each year. Contain a list and description of the Choicest,and Most Profitable' varieties of the Citrus
meritbrious to 'say : "I attend strictlyto STUDY NATIONAL AFFAIRS. Famiiy, which we have selected from over one hundred different ''varieties-'grown, and tested by us
in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one<< of
my business"and let"politics alone. Then again,,,not only our duty as '
Such-men 'are selfish. "They"'neglect citizens but: our interests as horti- The Largest Stocks of r Citrus Trees,,in' the: 'United,States.

." the, first sacred duty 'of American 'culturists, require that we. give Send;forcirculars. Address 15. 'p i E Rce. ., ""
,' and: 'deserving:of 'cen- Sunset-Hill;Lake Co., Fla,
citizenship are thought and attention to the affairs of .
s%t: .' They'expect the protection of ,the "Nation. lIt is useless 'for'us'to FREE' RIDETO'8EE'

tlie; l laws, arid yet will riot 'do 'their plant and'water'' and manure unless we ONEMILLON FRtJIT TREES
parr inn' king them' what they should 'are. to have''the benefit of the harvest. : i
be. ,' 'The 'crop of the horticulturists is ROSES, ETC. THE LARGEST STOCK EVER GROWN' IN: FLORIDA.Will .
Gentlemen the laws of a\State'are It.is !that in take R.R.fare from bill'of.trees to all who will come to Nursery and purchase'to amount
of one
semi-luxury.
one
,! ot double R. R. fare. I can afford to. make, this offer, as one. pleased customer means his future
exactly what the l lawmakers make time of'want the hard-pressed people trade; also"the trade of his neighbors. Club together and send one man from.your neighborhood'before
.
: them. If we 'neglect our duty and 'can and will 'get 'along without in I buying am now this.preparing fall., .to plant for myself what will be the largest orchard in.thS county. Price.
allow ,the laws to be made by the some sort' of a way. Now, then; of stock'as low as the lowest forfirst-class: stock. Catalogue free > "

.- professional place-hunter we must;ex most lines of business depend for their :Pomona WftolesaleNurserieg.D. to
:! pect the Jaws will be made to subserve existence the,profit and prosperityand ", Wl. GRI 9 If'l ,. Pt oprietoiv! .
...
;'J:L i: his'int rest. If theproducer: and busir employment of the'whole people. J'MacclennylBitkffL! Co.,PIG

,; n'ss'men,of the r State,make the.laws,; ,That this prosperity depends' largely / .. ej. *
'JOaN CLARK SON &" CO.
:>i they'..will bemade'! accordance,withy National enactments no one'will .' !i:

:y their'ideas of justice. If the horticulturist deny. Throwing :partisan politics to I 4

.'., refuses'Ito,do his duty. as a sovr the winds, :the horticulturists the GROCERS eOMMISSlON :MERGHANTS

ereign,citizen;' if::::he neglects to:studynublioquestions State-arid vNation should give their .
,' and act his knowledg.ihis -DEALERS IN- .
:. : :on bestthoughts.r, to'.an undertaking of

" :. punishment: will consist, in these National issues and so act at the Coal, Hay, Grain.'Wines, .liquors;{Cigars, Tobacco-Etc... A
: having his interests ignored by those crucial time as promote the.industries '
their responsible eJACK901ZIZ, 'PLA.... J ...
: : who have done duty as and prosperity of the whole : -
. !citizens of',the republic. country. ,PRICED LIST 'OF WHISKEY, : ,-;.' '; ',...
>I Parker ........................;..81. 75 J.Martin Eye..M:1: oogeValley.
'i', \. r ASSERT YOUR;...RIGHTS.. With just rates for transportation; ... 2 00 Virginia Glades .. ,4 OO
with' for distribution Spring Valley..... ... ................. 2 50 Old Bourbon-.......'..... 6'0&'
Here, then is the' 'plain'road.. Instead Iproper''arrangeri1 North Carolina Corn. .......... ,,2.50 Kentucky:Sour Marsh...?... !16 OO
: + of'going to the common carriers with a great Nation workers; Clifton Club. ...... ..........:.... Old'Baker..'..- ;. '. ''ti'00
,; 'and Montrose:Velvet...........;....<%86 00 : '
.\ : and begging. for favors, assert your and 'business men profitably ,'JugsExtra'Anegallon, 2sc. two gallon,soc.; three'gaUonSc. Remit (1I bypost of5ce'mgney:
,. rijghts'like meri who know them, and steadily1' employed for customers'our! order,check or:registered lettcr. We cannot ship C.O.D. to dry towns. .
'. ,
: ofGrocerleS and Wine IJstJeen.free.on1app1icaUon. ; : )
be sound 'Aeomplete.prlcaUst: ; ? -
'
enforce: thl allot bOL 'To business'will on a permanent
.fflSfgiafidcal justice hbhiciiltufist at ]Hose heart{ paying'basis. . :., : .. .. JOHN.fCD! KirsoN CO ;.: 1 {Y

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THE' FLORIDA FARMER' AND FRUIT-GROWER. 229 :

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THE EVENING SESSION. on pineapple growing, and suggested and while I think the charges entirely. peaches now, I'would put in two acres

George Hi. Wright of Chuluota that if any were going to give up grape too much, the service, was first-class.; Jesse Kerr, two acres Alexander, two
presented Ventilated cars were promptly furnishedand acres General Lee and four
growing, to go down to the Indian acres El-
the report of the committee on promptly taken away when loaded, berta.

grapes. The report was a review. of river section and try pineapple cul- and, better still, promptly delivered at Asa money producer,there is no peachso
the grape growing' industry of the ture. He found scrub pine land to be destination. Through the courtesy of far tried inVest Florida equal tithe

state, and particularly; } in Orange the best adapted for pineapples, and Mr. Saltmarsh, the division superintendent Elberta. It ripens July'5th to 20th. The
the and I knew where my cars were, from earlier varieties
Egyptian Queen, Strawberry occasionally get
county, where)it was stated that viticulture to when I asked very
Spanish pine the best varieties. Ten point point, for it. fancy prices, but there is none of them
was first commenced about thousand the TRANSPORTATION CHARGES.I that have the quantity or quality of the
plants were set out to
seven years ago, and last year there : say I think the charges too much.I Elberta, and it can be got to the most

were about 500 acres in cultivation.The acre.About suppose we would think that if they distant market in good condition. There
poor prices received in 1893,had sixty per cent of the plants were much less. But let us be just, if may be many other varieties, even'of the
,
however reduced the about bear the second year, and an increaseof possible. The fault of excessive freight I oldest, that are as good, or better than
acreage from, one to two hundred per cent. rates does not lie at the door of the rail- those mentioned, but these we have

one-half. The: thing that was neededto thenext,, some of the plants having road officials that we, come in contact found by experience to be good.
enable the producer to market the with. They are simply trying (and fail- Good authority asserts that the Persian
from three five each.
grapes at a profit was fast, reliable refrigerator to apples ing often) to make expenses and pay interest varieties will not do well in Eastern and
s ryi eEither this would ?Williams spoke of the great success on invested capital and water ad- South Florida. I would very much like
of pineaple culture along the In- ded by grace of legislative bodies. We to see them fairly tried on the clay hills
have ,to be done or else it would be
dian river, and how the lands that have tried Railroad Commissions, Na- of the central peninsula-say in Marion,
necessary to, make the grapes into were thought to be valueless a tional and State,and failed. What next? Sumter:and Polk counties.
wine. Mr. Wright recommended that Some gentlemen of this Society may PLUM CULTURE.Of .
less Niagras be set out, and in sandy few years ago were worth as much as think all of this out of place in a reporton plum culture our experience in the
in of Florida.
,soil. more Herbemont, Norton, Virginia any part peaches and plums, but I am trying to western, portion of the State is not sufficient
The Rev. Lyman Phelps of Sanford produce fruit in New York
and Cynthiana. Also to planton Chicago, and warrant any fixed opinions, as'to
spoke of the wonderful medicinal where my customers are, and I find trans- which is the best varieties. All that we
higher land than has been
pre- properties of the pineapple. Major portation a very considerable part of the are,testing of the old, and the Japan or
viously recommended. Use fertilizer work.
as a Chinese varieties are good wood-makers.
O. P. Rooks followed in the same
with plenty of ammonia, phosphoric SUITABLE VARIETIES. Thebest the_ orientals______u__ _fO:!_ _far_ n..q_ waaoo.......__.....
acid, and_ sulphate, Of potash, connection, and stated further that The greatest difficulty about successful gone, i is the Burbank or Abundance, or
and work vineyards with clean culture he had been successful in raising pine- peach and plum culture is varieties suit- both, if they are distinct varieties as
apples on clay subsoil. able for the locality. That is important. many claim.
up,, to June i in South Florida.G. .
Captain Richards stated that he information that Experiment Stations i
NECESSITY FOR SPRAYING.Of .
W. Hellish of West Florida
should promptly furnish but do
they not.
had been asked how ,
long a pineapple one thing I am satisfied about plum
spoke in regard to grape culture in. For an illustration, the earliest variety of
would be culture, it cannot be made
His
his section of the Stateand said that it plant productive. reply peach we know of is the Peen-to. In the without a success
careful, continuous and
was that he went into the business .regular
center of the Peninsula and South that
set out on high, well drained soil they spraying. Insect life to.luxuriate
fourteen and that his be made appears
years ago peach may a success, but it is
did well there. The returns were on the plum. In addition to the regular
plants looked better than did five entirely worthless in Northern Florida,
they
lot there has appeared with if
and' much for us one not
fairly
good as as the
any reason being that it blooms too early
An informal discussiontook two
years ago. new varieties of scale insect, and the
fruit. for section that has late frosts.
place on the subject of pineapple any plums appear to suffer most, though they

GRAPES PROFITABLE UNDER CERTAIN culture, the methods of growing, fertilizers -I TIME OF BLOOMING.I are attacking the peaches as well.I .
have been forced to consider a feat- conclude that the future of plum culr
CONDITIONS. used, destroying insects, etc. I ure of peach culture that I have never ture-and possibly peach culture-der .
.
Mr.,Wright being called upon again, found in any book or catalogue, namely, pends on the efficiency and cost of spray

,' stated,that he ,thought grape growing I Peaches and Plums. When does it bloom? It is a question I ing.It
have never seen answered by any one pays well to raise good peaches. It
could'bemade, a profitable;industry in Report of committee on peaches and trying to sell trees. It is a far more im- is possible to get from 500 to $700
per
South, Florida and that the plums, S. S. Harvey, Molino, Fla., Dr. 0.
'
J from
greatest portant question than when it ripens its acre a crop from trees four years
need was a fast refrigerator service, so Glenwood V. Myers, Orlando Fla.: Fla., H. A. Wright, fruit, and it is one that I recommend all old. A very fair return may be had the

as tog t'lthe, grapes in the market in intending planters of peach trees to have second year after planting oneyearoldtrees. .
To the President and Members the State T
of .
good condition. Mr. Wright said also answered before they purchase. If the
Horticultural Society: variety blooms before the time that
you FORCING EARLY GROWTH.
that he had fine and
seen as as large As one of your committee I will con- may reasonably expect the last cold spellin
grapes grown in South Florida as anywhere fine my portion of the report on peachesand your locality, do not touch it. It will I than Nothing forcing assures all the good trees more surely

and that he did not believe plums! .to the. section! in which. .. my shorten your life, and worry what you do first.. vaar._ T con ic1p.r growth tTi IM Rn possible..... *vir v\mtvt"_.....the.. ...
--------- ---- '
orChard is located, mat is western non- have, to see, after 01 .I;
there was any business cultivatingthe year year, your peach that I think trees are almost worthlessthat
da. .I had to be able make trees become loaded with
to
hoped a young peaches,
soil that a man could into that have not made agoodstrong'growththe
go trip: over the State, investigating the only to be made mush of by a late cold first
would give better.returns, than grape peach and plum culture so that I could spell. If some of my nursery friends, or year. No after work or fertiliz

growing if the'right!? 'soil was selected, make a report that would be valuable to catalogue friends, had given me informa- have ing can been make if properly them the fed same and'worked they iwoild; the ,

and proper transportation facilities I those cultivating, or intending to culti- tion on this point when I commenced first .

could be secured. vate these fruits. I regret to report thatI planting trees, some nine years since, it year.Of course, the first
i ,was unable to do so. I did visit a few would have saved me thousands of dol- year, or two, .they
need
G.. P. Healy, of Volusia county, a fertilizer strong in nitrogen. I
points in West Florida examining or- lars and much vexation of spirit ; and
h asked if all grapes .that went into mar- chards. not only myself, but my poor, suffering I' for suppose us is the cottonseed cheapest meal.source of nitrogen..i

ket in good condition from Orange And here I hope to be excused for saying neighbors, as they followed in my foot-

county brought good prices i ? To a good word for a railroad company.I steps and set out acres of crazy trees that COTTONSEED FOR FERTILIZER.

which' Mr.\ Wright replied that they When I contemplated a trip examining do not sleep until spring comes. The very best three hundred peach
orchards, I invited Mr. G. L. Taber to trees I have ever seen,at threeyearsoldwere
did, so far as he knew. make the trip with me, being anxious to LATE BLOOMING DESIRABLE.A fertilized the first and second:< years
Mr. Healy stated that his experience have his pomological knowledge. With peculiar thing I have discovered only with crushed cottonseed entirely. The

'was different, and that he could the idea of making the personal expense by experience is that it is not necessary trees matured a very large crop of fruit

not get:good prices i in New York for less, I addressed a letter to the division to look for a variety that blooms early to the third year, and the fruit was simply
: passenger agent of the L. & N. railroad, get early peaches. perfection. I was atonished at the;per-
good fruit., He discouraged grape: stating the object of the trip and askingthe WALDO AND ALEXANDER COMPARED. fection of all of the fruit, as the trees ,

growing in Florida,.as he could not see company for passes over their road, Take the Waldo and the Alexander, were loaded down until the limbs lay on
any profit in the industry. in view of the fact that a report would and this year's experience: The Waldo the ground. There was but little', if any,

ATL .i informal[ discussion of. grape benefit the fruit business, and incidentally commenced to bloom 3d to 5th of fertilizer put on the third year, so the
then took the the company. I received a February, at the time of the late cold strength, size and ability of the trees',to
growing place, principal from 3lr. Lurton the mature a very large offine fruit
prompt answer : snap, March 27th; the fruit was nearly 'I crop :was
features of which ,seemed to be that from the feed of the first
division passenger agent of the Louis- I half grown; all lost. The Alexander had and second yeare.
grape growing} 'in South 'Florida had ville & Nashville company, with passes not opened any bloom March\ 27th, andis S. S. HARVEY, Chairman.For .

proved .a 'failure. so far from want of over their line in Florida((204 miles)both about in full bloom to-day, April 7th. ...

more experience ,i in the industry in ways, good to stop at any and all stations Now if the Waldo had not lost its fruit, SleeplessnessUse
for>Mr. Taber and myself. Owingto it and the Alexander would have Horgford'g Acid .
setting out ,the vines. upon suitable ma- Phosphate.and .
sickness in .Mr. Taber's the f
land and cultivation and that .family tured their fruit at the same time, about you who toss and turn all night, and
proper notmade. But the action of the
trip was the last of May. Each will sell the long and long for sleep to come, will 'ob-
more i improved:transportation facilities deserves this -acknowledgment. -
company same in market. With this very great tain it.The.
would lie necessary: in order to market disadvantage of early blooming, the 4 ,

the fruit at a profit. A GOOD RAILROAD SERVICE. Waldo and all seedlings of the Peen-to, Manatee Advocate states that

No reports from committees: on In this connection I will digress to have one advantage over any Persian the indications now are that the F. fi

figs and .on tropical fruits were re- state that for several years I have ship- variety that I have tried, and that is, the & P. R. R. Company will soon extend -
Chinese are decidedly the best wood-
ped fruit by the L. & N. railway, my
their line
ceived. orchard being on theirline, and the only makers. But all that beautiful wood is from Plant! City! to

"TRY, PINEAPPLE CULTURE: : ," SAID MR. road! I ship over n Florida, ,and I have nqthing, if those varieties put on fruit Manatee, thus affording ,the planters]

RICHARDS.. invariably _received good attention and each, year only to be frozen by the late of that section. competitive route.
v fair 'treatment ''from officers and em- cold. .,. .
'Mr. ,Richards, the '"fpineapple ployes. Last yeai-Iship; several car- FOUR BEST VARIETIES FOR WEST FLORIDA.If Dr.i_Price'sC e.tB LBakln I 9JVd: !n l

king'-iof: Eden.made -fewiremarks:; loads and numerous smaller shipments, I wanted to set out ten acres, in Wor'c1'.s.J' Fair.; Highest, Award.. ., .

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:,, ';'l'., SIO'.. THE FLORIDA, --.FA.1UftBa.AND, ., ,' ... .. --FRUTT-QROWER.- . H -, ... -- '- -- -- ---. --
-.-.'.,7'..;-....... .. _:.' r .

' :; THE PIONEER FERTILIZER FACTORY OF FLORIDA.


:: Importers of : ._._ _.'._..___._.. :- .__ Manufacturer, -
r

; Sulphate Potash T All Kinds of BRANDS

: SUITABLE FOR ORANGE -
"
From Germany. -
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f
; -
h's-,. a TREESPeachTrees
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.s

..;..f."!- ,' ; ; < fO-9S per cent$46.00 per ton. Pineapples.
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,.",-- .. '--.. V :--\II1. .-- -- -_ _V4LIIItI1 -- -
: c : _:: :-_ _

:: ,," DOUBLE MANURE SALT Write for a -
.
I ;'
';:, 45-55 per cent Sulphate Potash : Pamphlet GiuinqI
.',! &27.00 per ton,free on board can
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.. 'Jacfcsonrille. Fla. I F>Ill Particulars

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Also large buyer of
East Bay Street,

.:. : RlIergKllldoFRa.w\ N_ I Jacksonville,"Fla.

.' ,<. .;; TOLockhart-
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Material r i ; little,

-: SECRETARY.

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Jft.':,- RERRtJCIER( Peanut Culture in Virginia.Editor I may;be done in time to have the I The peanut after it comes up, is
F.R1 ] Farmer and Fruit Grower: fewer contingencies
replants mature. The writer has dependent upon
.
The Virginia peanut is more highly made good nuts from replanting as of weather than cotton, and-is a more
:. ;: Weather,' and Crops. valued than those from North Carolinaor of
,
is
is but it a subject
late as June 18. When planting profitable crop;
'; 'ltdttor Farmer and Fruit Grower
: Tennessee because of its size and
depredation than its
begun before May ist the nuts are more frequent
i_ : January; was a,fair month with the weight and its bright, clear color. A unshelled rival. Everything in the world, froman
usually in the ground to
'' uusual, !. .amount offrost, but February important element for the put

production the
very from
negro
elephant
them better against sud- ant to an ,
';- set in wet, and up,to March 25th we of this superior article Is an protect any off the
aid picks it to
but when who
in weather
den chill the plants
: did not have three days of continuous abundance of shell lime, and this, for- ; commission merchant who sells for '
planted later the shelled nuts are
sunshine, keeping everything back. is obtained from the
tunately, easily sensitiveto considers it a legitimate prey,
is
used. The peanut very you,
Our peaches and plums are just in in the South
seacoast. Many villages The
it without scruple.
a
cold and wet, and will soon rot in and eats
bloom.j.; this ,seems strange, as those side Tidewater counties have their
sometimes
.' the ground if exposed to these influ- hands charge: 10, 24, 15
kinds in bloom in
Tennessee
: were even kilns for supplying this
necessary ences. cents a bushel for picking, ostensibly
::; -.and'irkansas. The, cold wave article and the price has been greatly boarding
'reached here on the 25th. Everyone reduced.An After- the- -plant- gets up it. requires. a boarding 5 themselves. ..,but. really. tie-
t great deal of moisture, and it is well on the nuts, while in planting
whose grou 1d was not too wet went to of shell lime
application with coal
average has be covered
to sprinkle land plaster along the row the seed to
work to cover:up their truck with dirt. is about pounds acre, fox the
per
1,000 vary- to assist it in collecting the needed tar to protect it from the ,
Monday, by 12 o'clock nearly every. ing, of course, in quantity as the crops element. Replanting should be attended mole, the dog, and the chap who
thing in sight was covered' and for rotated. It is
up have been usually
and the it. Yet it is a paying crop to
at
to at once, same drops
.:L'. the last two days we have been busy applied in connection with seasoned industrious farmer.J. .
with energetic
time trim and the row a an ,
::' uncovering scratching off the dirt. and well worked in scrape
: muck in the row, if B. W.
1:.: I know this must-be; a novel sight to but if there has been delay in securingthe hoe and cut out the grass, any. Sussex County.Va.Farm.

'rs: .. those who have, never seen the like lime it is applied as a top dressing The after cultivation consists in an .

J". before. along the row. It does almost equally alternate plowing toward and from Mortgages.
: Beans were nearly in bloom ; of well this way there are rains to washit the plants, with hoework accompanying There are 4,650,000 farms In the

course, they were killed. Irish in, assisted by frequent stirring of this each time. The ends of the United States. One-quarter of the

potatoes re up well and some even the soil. The various brands of com vines should be broken up at each farms in the United States are mort-

setting .blooms,. but they were all mercial fertilizers are also employedwith cultivation to prevent the limbs from gaged; three-quarters of the farms are
saved .covering with dirt. more or less success, generallyat throwing: out needles and thus wast- owned free of incumbrance. The total

What effect'the cold will have on the rate of about 200 pounds to the ing the vitality of the vines in at- mortgage debt resting upon the farmsof
the fruit-crop is'hard to say. Peaches tempts to form nuts at the ends of ,the country is not "nearly $3,000-

and plums will make a fair crop andI acre.The rows are laid off from 3 feet to these tentacles. The vigor of the 000,000," but is actually $2,040,000-

.believe the LeConte and Kieffer 3 feet 9 inches apart,according to the plant should be expended in makingand 000. The mortgages on farms are

pear crop will be a large one. Grapesare strength of the land; the guano or, developing well grown nuts just about one-half in value of the
hurt badly except Champion, andas fertilizer is then deposited in the drill, around the stem. About August ist mortgages on city and town lots, and
it starts late it did not get hurt and the lists are then thrown up to to'xoth the plants are "laid by." are increasing in much smaller ratio.

:--J'mucb.: Over 100 acres were planted complete the row. Of course, the Plants from which seed is to be The mortgage debt on all land, city
t! :a.nd.up, in watermelons; all were land is supposed to be well and deeply saved ought to be dug before the and town lots, as well as farms,

.:' ," killed as well as cucumbers and toma pulverized.Some frost withers them much; then let amounts to $110 per capita, which is

... : toes. Strawberries of course suffered; planters make holes for the them be thoroughly dried before they I less than the national debt per capitaof
'
rwe had just begun shipping good, seed-nuts with a "dotter," which is are shocked to prevent the nuts from France, $116, or Peru, $145. The
;, when the cold came. Wherever the simply a wheelbarrow frame and a being damaged by heating or mold- per capita debt of 'Holland is $95, of

.. plants are large and healthy the damage : wheel with spokes punching holes ing. The main crop is dug about October England $87, of Italy $76 of Spain

is not so much, but in matted about eighteen inches apart. Thereis ist: to loth. The plants are $73, and of the United States $14.

.. rows I am afraid they will not amount a "shoe" or scraper running aheadof rooted out with a plow, and then Mortgages upon farming lands are
1 ; to much, as it is very likely that a the wheel to level the surface. turned over so as to be bottom side always an incident of progress in

drouth will set in. The continuous Men follow with nuts, dropping one up, in order that the sun may dry newly developed countries and are,

'", i,; wet weather seems to have kept the or two in each hole and pressing the them out thoroughly. They oughtto practically, one of the necessities of

peach, pear: and plum back fully a earth over them with the foot. Va- be dried at least one day. development. A farmer opening up
to. month. Perhaps this would be a good rious improved machines are used by The shock is made around a stick new land requires many things which

method to keep back the orange- some, but this is the "old reliable" set in the ground. Care should be cannot be bought on credit at a
that is, by keeping the orchard flood method.On taken to lock each vine around the distance, to secure which he mortgages ,

ed. I do not recommend it, but only light uplands planting is usually stick, making the. shock a little higher his land, the productiveness of
;r. suggest it for investigation. begun about the first of May, and on than a man and about the size of a which is enhanced by the articles

JULIUS I SCHNADELBACH. the lowlands somewhat later, on account I barrel. They should remain in shock which the proceeds of the mortgage
Grand Bay,Ala., March 31,1894. of danger from frost. It is' about two weeks, and when taken enable him to buy.
,,".\... "i well to plant as early as possible so down the nuts.should be immediately Kansas stands at ,the head of the

j''w Dr. Price's Cream Baking PowderWorld's that, where replanting is'needed it picked off...- : : .: ... States-the land of which is heavily
.; .'} Pair HlgfaMt Medal and Diploma.
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._ FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 21
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mortgaged. The total in that State is Camp Bros., of Campville, are put-! killed by the cold and wet. For this

$170 per capita. In Minnesota it is ting in machinery for making tile landif reason a common hen is better for

$152, in Massachusetts $144, and in they make it a success we shall soon hatching the early broods, as she
Nebraska $126, but the total in Mass- be able to procure tile at a reasonablerate. keeps quiet till late in the morningafter The Right

achusetts is greatly increased, of the dew is off and the air has be Fertilizer for

course, by the mortgaged debts of J. K. GODBEY. come warm. The hen turkey, if pre- Orange Trees.
Boston and other large cities. Out- Waldo, Florida. vented from sitting, will soon go to

side of these the mortgages are no laying another setting of eggs, and One that will produce

heavier than in adjacent States. In I oul she will lay a third time if it is desir- healthy trees, and fruit thatis

Maine it is $49 per capita and in New I1. able to increase the flock rapidly. By bright firm, good-flavored,

Hampshire $so. This is about the the time the third setting is laid the and salable, without an excess -

average in the older States, where the Edited by E.W.AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. weather will be warm enough to of woody growth, is
farmers are well supplied with all the -...-..... -- '" trust the turkey hen to raise a brood.

requirements of modern cultivation.In How to Have Plenty ofE flB. With a litttle care in keeping them BOWKER'S ORANGE GROWER,

some of the States it is less, being I have 40 hens-all pullets. I keep from the wet the late brood will do r
$26 in Alabama and $24 in Tennessee. only one-year-olds, either cock or better with a turkey mother than witha which has enjoyed a wonderful -

In some of the States the percentage. pullet; then I do not cheat my cus- common hen. They will live main- popularity in Florida for
of mortgages of farms is very small. tomers with old hens. In January, ly on grasshoppers and other small j years, and will continue to bea

In Wisconsin, for instance, more than 1894, I sold 52 dozen eggs, at an insects, but should be brought home We favorite will send for years illustrated to come.

half the farms of the State are owned, average of 27 cents per dozen, by regular feeding at night.American an
without mortgage, by those who culti-- amounting to $14.04, counting two Cultivator. ;1 pamphlet on fertilizers free
address.
to
j
vate them. dozen used in the family in June. any
How's This?
Taking the whole country throughthe This would be about 20 eggs each BOWKER FERTILIZER CO.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward ,
-
aggregate mortgage debt on all day. In February I sold 44 dozen,
74 BAY STREET, SAVANNAH, GA.
for case of Catarrh that can
farms is not much more than 10 percent all at one time at the door, for 25 any ,
of their total value, and in some cents per dozen, cash, which amountedto not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. A. M. BOND, Gen1! Ag't for Florida.
States it is much less than this. The $11, making $25.04 for the two [f. CHENEY & Co., Props.,

rate of interest varies from 432 to 9 months. Toledo, O.

per cent. The average is about 7 per I never force my hens by feedingany We, the undersigned, have knownF. -M
cent. The rate is highest in those nostrums. Formerly I gave a J. Cheney for the last fifteen years,

States in which the legal rate of inter. warm pudding breakfast, but this and believe him perfectly honorablein
all business transactions and finan- BY STEAM
est is greater than in Eastern commu- winter I was sick since November, and HATCH CHICKENS
the
ties. The legal rate of interest is 6 or many days not able to go out ot the cially able their to carry firm.out any obligationmade .With J B improved f/ExcelSior rer/tet.Incubator.J &I.Relane *.-

7 per cent in most of the States, but house; so the hired man has fed them, by 0. Thousands Gaaran.in00'eeesfal -
in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming it is and they have had only corn and oats WEST & TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists, *teed: to operation.batch larder' percentage .
Tjledo O. of fertile egss at
10 per cent or more.-New. York the entire winter. The three coldest leu cost thin any other
WALDING KINNAN & MARVIN Circular!free. / Lowest priced
Sun. mornings a pan of corn was put in the Send fa.for tiretteher.. Batcher made.
Wholesale Druggists Toledo O. him Cmt$lona.W GEO.II.HTAIi U Qalaey.ULINCUBATORS&BROODERS
,
stove oven while we were eating ,
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
Tile for Drainage. breakfast; that is all the warm feed
nally, acting directly upon the blood
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: they have had this winter. Dry corn
and mucous surfaces of the system. a Brooder only S& Bert and cheapest for
>>
and feed I ashamed
drains oats
For under use the common every ( am to Price bottle. Sold raising chicks; 40 first premiums| tffA
all
round tile. This tile is made in tell it, but I could do no better). I 75c. per by testimonials;send for catalogue.
.
druggists. Testimonials free. Q.S.SINGER. Box 528,CsrtUngton.
lengths of thirteen inches, so that a have had but one sick hen this winter, .*

thousand tile will make about a thou. and she got well again. Every morn We understand that the building of -

sand feet of drain, allowing the rest ing after their feed I take a four-quart the railroad is but the foundation World's' Fair Highest Awards

for breakage.The measure of rowen-second growth of Mr. Flagler's work in the Indian !Medal and Diploma -
tile laid the fewer hay-and cut it in the hay cutter on our INCUBATOR and
deeper are pour River country, and that it is his I BROODER Combined.
the number of drains required. The boiling water on it, pour the water plan to populate the country through i ig!'Old Reliable" Lea s.
general rule is to allow ten feet on : into their water tank for them to which it passes with horticulturists 8 If yoatrtlatenMedia Poultry ItM7T wU1 Car
each side for each foot in depth, so a i drink, and put hay out for them to possessing sufficient capital to obtaina |;:,71 OD pae Poultry< cmtalofM to oesd Cultnr.anti flTiBgTftliub Addrn fat itaiopf]*Ibr points MT .rnl

tile laid two feet deep will drain a I eat, which is all eaten up clean. good start in the fruit growing -Reliaole. .. .!IncubatorandBrooderCo.!! QulncyJli
strip forty feet wide. Occasionally I give them a few applesor industry, and it is from the trans-

In a grove I put a drain in every raw potatoes, and about twice a.. portation of this fruit that Mr. Flagler
other middle, making the drains sixty week some kind of meat. They have looks for his profit.-Port Tampa

feet apart. In a peach orchard I laya i sea shells by them the whole year. News.It .

drain in every other middle, making i The month of January was open, and was surprising to learn what a
the drains thirty feet apart as my : they ran where they chose, and fed on large amount had been produced from

I peach trees are set fifteen feet each I. a field of early sowed rye back of the the soil in and about the Cocoanut

way.I house. When snow came in February Grove settlement. Mrs. Peacock said

find this affords ample drainagefor they were confined in a warm house. that on one day shortly before our

all purposes.It I never allow my cocks to freeze their visit over 700 crates of tomatoes had
is very important to have the combs. Of course when confined been shipped from Cocoanut Grove.- East Coast Poultry Farm

mouth of the drain empty so it will they must have gravel. To supply Titusville Advocate. The oldest Still and in largest the Lead.in the State.

not clog up, and if it empties into an that I burn white flintstone until it Beed, Knox & Beed have shipped, Bone Poultry Milts,Supplies Clover Cutters.-Incubators Our and Brooder II
specialty.
open ditch there should be a fall of will crumble, and run it through my so far this season, over 7,000 boxes of ANIMAL MEAL AND CLOVER. HAT.
about four inches, from the mouth of Wilson bone mill, making particlesthe oranges from their grove, and proba- paid.Circulars Wire. Netting at wholesale prices, freight

the tile to the bottom of the open size of a pin head. Ot this they bly have nearly as many more yet to and Price List on application. Egg
to hatch.
ditch. have eaten two milkpanfuls this ship.-Ormond Gazette. E. W. AMSDEN,
-- I think a 2 34 or 3 inch tile large winter. Ormond, Fla,
enough for a drain 1,500 feet long. Thus you see I have taken good BROWN'S IRON BITTERS

The good effects of under drainage :. care of my fowls, but given no extra cures Dyspepsia, In- POPULAR POULTRY FARM.Our .
are very marked. With under drain- feed. The great trouble with many is
digestion: Debility. winnings at Orlando place us tin the lead.
and
Constant
age and clean culture my orange trees neglect. care gentlenessare
have never curled their leaves in the as good for hens as for cows. My From the few. .people. who have WE WON,
severest drouth, while some groves hens have no dogs to chase themnoone Pint-On Indian Games, B. Minorca and S.
come to town this week, we learn that C. W. Leghorns.
near by not so treated have lost nearly to throw clubs at them. When\ I the farmers are all hard at work
feed them cluster Second-on B.Langshans(our trio or'93 bird
all their leaves. go out to they putting in their crops. This is a busy the largest there).
The bloom on trees has steadily around me so that I frequently step on
my time of the for Florida farmers.If .
year Indian Games-Double Laced World's Fair
increased from year to year and whileI their feet. Some of them fly on my they don't plant now they cannot Winning Strains) Eggs$2.50 per setting.B. .
had the of last shoulders and peck at the buttons on
best
crop oranges reap in the fall.Game Langshans, B.Mlnorcas and 3. C,W.
year in this section the crop this sea my clothes.-Country Gentleman. glorns-the( best strains in the country)
double that of last -.-, Eggs $1.50; two sittings,$2.50.1,
son promises to be Chiekens.A .
Sucoess with Turkeys. If you want the best order from us.
Yet rule the bloom was
year. as a
limited number of high grade Jap Stags
very light here this spring, my grove Up to the time that turkeys are half suitable for breeding, for sale at$10 each.C. S. DeL 4 NOY,
being a very marked exception. grown they are very tender and easily .T. LEWIS, Ash Fork, Arizona. Apopka, MIa.THE .







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23_ *' i; THE FLORIDA. FARMER_. AND, FRUIT-GROWER.. .
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suspected, the drawers should be thor- Where water is standing in vessels in a'

gtate News. Our Rural Jiome. oughly washpd in scalding water, well sick-room, a slight solution of copperas

............... dried, a good sprinkle of powdered borax should be added in order to purify the'
given, and on this a layer of newspapers room, and is useful also to prevent per-
. The Starke Telegraph states that Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS placed before clothing is packed therein. sons from contagious diseases. All'medicines -

over 5,500 bushels of strawberrieshave St. Thomas. Fla. Almost every housekeeper has her own that are dissolved with water
been shipped from that station way of securing garments from the dep- should be kept covered or corked up in
this season of which went to A Lenten Monody. redation of moths. I have used several vials. Whenever one wishes purify a
3,500 Why should we sigh for fame? handfuls of whole cloves in a trunk with room or foul place, a shallow tub par-.
Chicago. John Williams, A. W. else. Tobacco filled with water will answer the
'Tis but an empty name; as good success as anything tially
Wright and Harry Grimes are men- When the race is run, leaves may be used, and I have much purpose well.
tioned as leading growers, :and they And the laurels won, faith in plenty of black pepper sprinkled, All drinking water is better filtered.
have followed the wise course of ship The toil is begun, not in the goods, but among the parcels; A cheap way is to get a sheet of cotton '

ping steadily to a single house. To keep them free from shame. for I tie, or securely pin, all woolen gar- batting and place it over a jug or jar, as
ments in several thicknesses of newspa- this will help to purify it to a large ex.
We had the pleasure of visiting Mr. Why should we sigh for wealth ? pers. As I think has been said before, tent. Two grains of powdered alum to
M. S. Sams' two-acre pineapple plan 'Too often 'tis gained by stealth; printer's ink is good in itself. a gallon of water is good, and about the
And alas! for gold, M. G. M. right proportion; this will secure the
tation, which is a novel and interest- The heart is sold of matter takea
[Concluded Next WeeL] precipitation any foreign ;
ing sight, being covered with an immense 'Tis the story old, .....*- silver five-cent piece and measure out

palmetto umbrella, which not We've lost love, liberty, health. Taro. four grains; this will hold that amount,
the moist but and will answer for a measure very wellin
Home
only keeps ground pro For Our Rural :
Why should we sigh for joy"The ?
the absence of suitable scales.In .
tects them from the cool winds of has its alloy Our readers who have been growingthe
winter and hot of purest ; Coloca&ia (or Calladium) of which I our country it is a very important
suns summer, and There's no other bliss } : matter to consiaer-that of the water-
-- -
the slight expense of covering is more Like a true-love's kiss; wrote, will be pleased to see some recipesfor as much sickness might be prevented by
cooking taro which are sent by a
than offset by the luxuriant growth of And yet even this, proper attention to this matter. Manyof
who for several residentof
lady was a
If taken too oft will cloy. years
wells what be termed
the young orange, cattley guava, cus- the South Sea Islands. "I know of its our are might
tard apple, mango and other trees Why should we sigh for rest? good qualities," she writes, "and send overshot wells, as they are so near the
surface drain the soil. It is
over those near by that are uncovered. Will we ever be more blest, these-from the Hawaiian Cook Book- as wonderful to greatly how little sickness
Than when we work, which have been tried and found excel- simply
Courtney item in Titusville Star. there is in the State, in spite of all disad.
shirk?
Nora duty lent. We are promised recipes for pre-
and without doubt that
Dr. Montgomery of Micanopy, The imps all lurk paring other tropical vegetables and vantages the climate, of proves Florida, will work wonders.SUBSCRIBER., :
has discovered an antidote to the 'Round a soul with this possessed. fruits, and for those who live below the .

white fly, which is pine gum and turpentine Why should we sigh for life? I mythical much value"frost and will line,be" they highly will appreci-be of --- .....F--

which creates a varnish, and With its cares and sorrows rife? ated. ED. O. R. H. Cucumber Pickles-A Query.Can .

which sprayed over the foliage and And what remains :MASHED\ T Ano.-Wash and rub off all cucumbers be nut UD in salt and
fruit makes a coating that smothersthe For all our pains, the filaments and soil to
But bitterest gains, rooty adhering kept here the same as they are North?
eggs deposited, while the fly on After all the toil and strife, ? the taro and drop the clean root into "The widow" understands how to do
the sticky substance imprisons it and boiling water. When tender, peel and such things in Tennessee, but I fear they

leaves it to die of starvation. So disastrous We may strive for that love sublime, mash with a long tined fork. Sprinkle would become soft here-
Not found on the shores of time; with salt and serve steaming hot. -........--
has been the white fly in some All else is loss, FRIED TARO.-Boil your taro with the Dr. Price's Cream.. Baking Powder

groves that it is said Judge Means, And worthless, dross; skin on. When done, peel it as you Most 'Perfect- Made.
the successful and veteran fruit growerof We must bear the cross, would a boiled potato. Cut it in slices =,; "

Evinston, harvested 5,000 boxes of 'Ere we reach the heavenly clime.M. one-half inch thicksprinkle with salt and A Morning Appetite.
in hot lard.
fry
]last season, but on account of G. M. have little
oranges TARO CAKES BAKED-Boil taro until Many persons or no appetite -
.
the destruction caused by the fly this tender. While hot pound smooth, usingas for breakfast. If a simple, but

season he only shipped fifty-seven Getting Ready for Summer.Is little water as possible. :Mould\ into good salad is one of the dishes, some-

boxes.-Ocala Banner. the spring house cleaning to be a small cakes with two knives on a board, times they can make a substantialmeal
of terror to masculine humanity, put these into a buttered pan with a lit-
Prof. P. H. Rolfs of the Florida Experiment cyclone when otherwise it would be
as they complain it is-we all tle butter on top of each cake. Bake un- ; ,
Station, has discovered that know who invariably"they are-or may it not be til brown. only a bit of bread and butter, and a

mango blight is caused by a fungus that conducted on a different principle, leav- HA-HA.-Take the inner stalks from a cup of coffee.

enters the bloom as soon as it opens ing the storm element out? There is a taro head, peel off the skin and put My belief has for many years been,

and destroys the young fruit. Ex- way to give the "thorough going over," them .to boil in hot water; salt a little that the man who works either with

made which that, even after our Mild! winters, all and boil till tender, then drain and lay hands or brain, needs a real break
periments are being no
houses must have in such an unobtrusive the stalks on toast and pour over them
doubt will check the trouble. This manner that the spick-and-span cleanli- drawn butter, sprinkling chopped hard fast, not one in name. only; and that

blight was formerly supposed to be ness and newness only will attest that the boiled eggs- on top.- he who invariably takes it, can perform -

caused ,by the cool North winds horror is past.Sensible LUAN.--Put the young tender taro more labor; and will live many

which sometimes blow when the man- is the woman who has "bided leaves into hot water, and when they years longer than he who sits down
her time," though, no doubt, many a one have boiled ten minutes this water bit bread cake
is in bloom: but as we have had pour and munches a of or ,
go ,. .smiles, on reading my subject, as she sur- off, and put in water and milk. Boil
cold winds here this this sips a little coffee or chocolate, gets
no season, veys her shining windows and clean the leaves till they lose their form, and
theory was 'disproved.: The entire white mattings, that have already taken season with salt and butter; thicken up and goes to his daily employment.

mango crop of this section, that would the place of the woolen carpets. For, with a teaspoonful of cornstarch. Besides a good breakfast usually

have amounted. to about 4,000 or even in Florida, we are becoming con- BAKED TARO.-Scrape all the outsideoff i leaves a man with no desire to indulge -
vinced that in winter need a
5,000 crates, was destroyed by this covering for our floors. we warm the taro, wash clean and bake the in the morning glass, which so
last and doubt it is same as potatoes. If the taro is large, with appetite consider a
blight season, no Yes, there is a cause to smile when all many poor
destroyed this season.-South Florida this cleaning is over, and some energetic cut it in two lengthwise. Bake from an necessity.
hour half.
and to and
hour a quarter an a
forehanded.A .
women are always
Home. When serving do not cut with a knife, BREAKFAST SALAD.
voice at my elbow remarks, just i
Quincy merchants of late but gently press the taro with your hands head of lettuce
years here (with sarcastic intent-but that's all Chop together a ,
have bought a large amount of their i lost on me), that "some women would and break it Eat open.with It salt will and be butter.mealy likea with three or four onions, pu.f ,a

groceries of Jacksonville, where Sa- : have to be six-handed, and even then"- potato. tablespoonful of butter, half teacupof
'e4
vannah merchants formerly got it all. "Hush!1" say I-"for this is a very seri- Pure Water.For strong vinegar or lemon juice,,
subject as will find out in a weekor
ous ,
you
But we have been compelled from so." our Rural Home. half teaspoonful of salt, and a little

time to time to quit Jacksonville and During: March many evenings were People generally do not think enough ,. pepper into a pan on the stove.. .

get ,our goods from Savannah and chilly,and a little fire in the family sitting- about the water they drink, their only When it comes to a boil, pour over

have them hauled from Faceville. room was a great comfort, particularly to standard being, is it palatable; but the the lettuce, stir all l well together and,
aged or infirm people. But the last cold fact is that water standing in the neighborhood -
And now, ,once again, we are com- being remembered with things of of any filthy place is unfit to serve. Or use olive oil (perfectlysweet

pelled by the exorbitant freight rates snap the past, the woman who has curbed her drink, or even for cooking; purposes. ) or drippings, in place of 'J butter : -

on the F. C. & P. railroad to turn impatience may soon revel in suds to her When water is left over night in the adding more 'salt. It ,is said cottonseed

again to Savannah and have our heart's content. This reminds mehowour kitchen or in the living room it becom'esfilled oil is excellent for cooking

goods shipped via Faceville, for they grandmothers must have liked soap- with impurities and is unfit for purposes. Have any of our readers
suds, at least thev firmly believed in their drinking, as it so readily absorbs impur-
have- -suddenly changed rates like efficacy. and. no doubt,they were right so ities, in fact just as readily: _as it will saltor used it ? (Can speak a good word(
this: Former rate on oranges trom sugar. The same) rule that applies to for "Cottolene"\ myself f, but, jiaye

Jacksonville to Quincy was 28 cents far.In the meantime drawers and trunks water also applies to,milk, as that, after' never tried' the simple oil).

per box, present rate 624; former may be ransacked, heavy woolen cloth- all, is composed mainly: of water. .
ing well-shaken and aired, then wrap- Wells should never be dug in vicinity
from Bronson
rate was 20 cents ,
per ped in plenty ,qf newspapers, a pieceof i of stables or other out-buildings, as the If you feel ,weak
box, present rate 68 cents; former rate camphor gum, as a moth-prevent- I filth will surely affect the water, and and all worn out't ke

on barrel! ,of potatoes 26 cents, present hoe, tucked into a ,fold, and put away be the means of sicknejsTand} oftentimes

rate I 84.- .-Quincy Herald.!. for the '.long' summer. If moths are of death'- .of the:1nm'' -:*t**.s-.,of"the*. House.,T : '-' BROWN'S_ >IRON r* Jip-BITTERS- rTj f









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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 233


;''
COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS. tions for sampling commercial fertilizers humble way,to contribute to the columnsof

I J ,Awarded. ," which you will excuse me for quot your very readable journal. ,

Highest ,Honors-World Fair. Are They Largely Spurious? ing at length: Yours very.'truly: '*

.I 1vt Mr. James Mell writes to the Times- "1. Provide a tea cup, some large pa- ,V. A. RAWLS, State..Chemist.-

OR; Union as follows: pers, and for each sample a glass fruit Tallahassee. ,.

-f can-or tin box, holding about one quart,,
.II! Not long since I hunted out some rather that can be tightly closed, all to be clean

important points regarding some of and dry." : h

the fertilizers of questionable value, "2. Weigh separately at least three average .
.
.
whose manufacturers our legislature has packages (barrels or bags) of fertil- .
licensed to impose upon us, poor orange izer and enter these actual weights in the !

growers and truckers, with their worse 'form for description of sample.' "
than worthless stuff, which as I have "3. the packages that have been '".
Open __ ..... ... _
CREAM written you before, I would not use as a weighed and mix well together the con- ;-00 '100. _

} gift.This tents of each down to one-half its depth, GIVE ME 'ELASTICITY' W
is the analysis of one of them ''
emptying out upon clean 'floor, if need-
from the tag attached to the bag: Moisture ful, and crushing any soft moist lumpsin OR- GIVE.... .-- ME DEATHIs
1 r BAKING 7 to 8 per cent; phosphoric acid, 9 to order to facilitate mixture, but leaving the cry of the wire fence. Neitherheightnor /

14 per cent; available phosphoric acid. 7 hard, dry lumps unbroken, so that the depth tensile nor big cross bars' end(far.apart),nor
ratChetsinorany
great strength nor:
to 9 per cent; ammonia, 5 to 8 per cent; sample shall exhibit the texture and me- ,device for slipping the wire through;long
potash, soluble, 7 to 10 per cent. chanical condition of the fertilizer." lines of staples can takethe\, place off that
. POWDER If this analysis were correct it wouldbe "4. Take out five equal cupfuls from spring that abldeth In every.foot ot, the
first
I Pace. 400 miles sold.in the three. weeks
a valuable fertilizer, except that thereis different parts of the mixed portions of of March,:' Bah for Elasticity' APAGEWOVENWIRE

too much ammonia. But let us see each package. Pour them ((15 in all) one FENCE. 'CO.. ,'Adrian, Mich.
MOST PERFECT MADE.A what it really does contain. A samplewas over another upon a paper, intermix '" .. ... ,

pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free sent the State Chemist and his reportis thoroughly, but quickly, to avoid loss or

t from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant as follows: gain of moisture, fill a can or box from

40 YEARS'THE STANDARD.Good Moisture, 14 per cent; available phosphoric this mixture, close tightly, label plainlyand

acid, 7.38 percent; insoluble phosphoric send, charges prepaid."

b acid, 5.56 per cent; potash, 4.38 A moment's reflection will convince '

percent; nitrogen, estimated as ammonia any one that commercial fertilizers con- 2&YJiR

2.04 per cent. taining, say, ground bone, or phosphaterock isEA
fornothing In all containing just about onehalfthe or other materials, the particles of

.. fertilizing properties that were which are heavier than the conditions of
claimed for it. the; mixture, which have been transported

A sample of potash was taken from a and handled, should be thoroughly remixed I: ; *' Stahl's x
marked the 96 cent which t 1 Doable Acting, ,-,
bag on tag per ( before being sampled, in order to Excelsior Spraying -) '
is a'very high grade) and attached to get anything like a fair sample, but our I Outfits prevent

this tag was our State legislature's license experience leads us to believe] that this is I I Fruit.Leaf Blight Insures&Wormy a heavy-

1 .' card, which makes it a party to this rarely, if ever done. f yield of all Fruit:and...

did_ you say? fraud. The sample was taken to one of Coming back to the article of\Ir.l\Iell\ Vegetable in use;crops.Send 6 Thour1anda eta.for
Yes that describes how I feel our noted chemists, and instead of 96 A i catalogue and full treatise,p
he that the fertilizer is guaranteed to Circularifrce.
I says -on| spraying.
cent he found it to be only 43
per; per acid 9 to 14 cent. .
contain phosphoric iWf.1.STAHLQuincylll.Donflose
interests per \
I have left nothing
no
: energy cent (a very low grade of sulphate of
(evidently total). Now the analysis gives
I' me.My potash). the; total i available, 7.38; insoluble,

, strength has left me and I have noI Also a sample of nitrate of soda was 2.56; equal 9.94 per cent. which is above
I found: to be largely adulterated with salt, the manufacturer's real guarantee of 9per

inclination. t to-. work.. and instead of 25 percent of ammonia it cent.; and the available phosphoric

No one. would.take,,- me for the same only contained 13 per cent. acid 7.38 is above his guarantee for this
person that I used to'be. This fertilizer has, perhaps, as large a ingredient. .The ammonia is far below \
sale as any in use in our State. And this but this being the volatile ,
the
guarantee,
I look and feel forlorn and miserable.
case is only one of many. element, much would depend upon the

1 My spirits. : are low. ""feel 1 despondentand And now I ask, can we wonder at so form: in which it was originally put into 'Heart
failures in our tomato and cabbage
many i and the treatment
I can't at night; the'fertilizer; subsequent
sleep
,,
,. fields? Under such conditions farmingis
SEEDSthis
it received after being sent out; (I PLANT FERRY'S
I am constipated and my digestion is like a gambling game, and the fertilizer once had a sample sent me, which I afterwards Ferry's year;and Seed make Annual up for for lost 1894 timer will i

out of order. dealer takes the pot. The Louisiana ascertained had been taken from a I give you many valuable hints
Lottery that is fastened to us is bad 1 about what to raise and bow to t
almost hopeless it to me sack which had been exposed to the action raise it. It contains Information : -
I .seems
( feel enough, but this other swindle not only of the sun and rain for several to be had from no ot

that I shall never be strong takes; our money, leaving nothing in return weeks). The potash is given at 4.38 percent r source., Free to allD.M.Ferry&Co.
; but our years of toil and waiting. but the
again. and should be 7 per cent, .
t, Detroit, cMich.
i What I ask. shall we do with it? The
I fact that the analysis shows 14 per cent. .
is far from 1 ,
Cheer case
safe
up, your only way that I can see is to have of water, where the guarantee is from 7to

being hopeless.. You, are suffering every ton of fertilizer I use analyzed, 8, might indicate that the package,

from general debility, your nerves so that I may know what I am using. from which the sample was taken, might

need toning up, you lack vitality.The "VYe sent this clipping to the Statc have been allowed to get wet. ..
Chemist asking as to its correctness, and
cure lies in enriching and 1 suspect if Mr.\ Mell\ had stated that .f"\
received the following,reply:
purifying your blood and strengthening the sample of high grade potash was ENERGETIC .

the, You, should take Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: guaranteed to contain 96 per cent sulphate t : tP;'
system. :
and that the analysis SALESMENIn
of potash,
Yours of the 27th instant is received,
} Iron Bitters. it contain 43 cent. of actual
Brown's and in reply I beg to say, that these spe- showed it to per f .
this laboratory potash(or as we report it oxide of potash, every town to push the sale:of
cial samples which come to -
will restore you to robust, perfect K.2 0.), it would probably be nearer thefact
of the manufacturer AND BEEF TEA
rarely have even the name ANKER'S BOULLION
.., .
health. You will improve from the. first or anything to indicate by ; this would be 43. x 1.8j-79.55: percent ,
bottle. is to sulphate of potash, which would CAPSULES.
This remedy pleasant whom they are made. In many cases not
still be below the guarantee, but not so Sales unlimited and large income -
for
use.
take and is a very powerful strengthener. even the name of the sender is attached, far below as the article would make it ap-, Ready guaranteed. Territory rights given' to

, It does not stain the teeth. or comes with the sample, but the letter and not a "low grade potash" by good parties.. 'For sample boxes addres F,An-
advice coines by mail and the sample pear, ker, P.O. Box 42,Jersey City, N.J.
But get the genuine--see the crossedred I any means.
the label the packageby
placed on
express; The results of the work in this labora-,,
lines on wrapper. the express agent being often the only
the few lead to NOTICE..
past
tory during years '
mark of identification on the package i -
;
CHEMICAL CO, BALTIMORE, MD. that the manufacturers of
BROWN consequently I have no means of knowing the conclusion Be it known to the public that we, the undersigned -
fertilizers are, as 'a rule, endeavoring to do form ourselves into a corporation under -
whose make of fertilizer I am analyzing,
Suburban
the market and the name of the"Jacksonville;
that and in only two cases have I ever heard put honest goods on Real Hastate and Investment.Company," for the
It is probably safe to say over from the analyses after sending out the there has never, to my knowledge, been purpose of buying-improving and selling real
' million boxes of f have been the slightest hesitation about bringingup estate contiguous to and adjoining ,the City;of
basis
a oranges results, and if either of these is the with round turn who were' Jacksonville; and for building and selling property
Sanford during the of the article which you enclose, I have a any ": and take the shares of stock therein;whichwe
shipped through < has been the'pol
; found deficient it ever -
been advised of it have I : set opposite our names... ;
nor
any
'
never
of this department to protect the of the capital stock authorizedshall
icy The amount
The steady employmentof .
season.
past reason to believe they are. of fertilizers in ; be Twenty-five Thousand Dollars.,: +
of Florida to fertilizers -: I consumer every way pos- of the corporation shall be con
from home The laws relating The business
to a -
+ 230 men product this haa been done
250 ,
and
of which I beg to send under: sible, though ducted by five Directors, one of:whom shall:be
of 170,000 boxes and income' a copy quietly, we have every reason to believe; President. The Directors shall be elected when
separate cover, say: it has been done effectually. the corporation is, organized and after thefirst
from fruit shipped of nearly half a'' Section 903. "Any person purchasing, 'I Monday inJannary'annua11y.'. vl
fertilizer submit fair samples; return the clipping as requested, and The highest amount of.indebtedness to which
million dollars is trifling affair. any may much for the the corporation can suject'itself shall be twenty-
no etc. Now section 895, in directing how, I certainly thank you very ; five thousand dollars. ;IF.
The aggregate alone given would the Inspector shall take a sample, says;: very courteous manner in which'' you H. C. WEEKS 4-
that he shall take "from not less than ten I have brought this matter to our atten- JAMBS'VJUr.
indicate that the industry W. G.,TOOMER,
clearly ,
orange tion. I
of
Johnston
original packages, and Dr. AARON RICKER,
is distributing more money in this the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment, I shall always be glad to hear from, C.' S..BEERBOWSR,"

section than other business.-San- authority on these' you, and trust,that when thepresentrush'qf And Others. -r ,
any high
.... Station, a very ';" V-I5 .
be able in my;, faclaonvflle March 38.I894THE :/
Chronicle. the "instruc-; TT9k 1 ia over J shall : ,
ford inatters, gives following l 11 t .. :.: "'"
; ,, '- -* > :j'l: } 'i"' ; J pH\ : 4k'1 a : y,:,,.',-


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1 284 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.



CONTENTS. union and then they can settle the 1 of business? Who believes they To Classify Florida Fruits.

State Horticultural Society ......... ..... 227'229 question of marketing agencies after- would ? They all traverse inhabited "Throughout the country, wherever
Peacbesand Plums....:...................... 229 ward. territory and have local business. fruit growing has become an industry of
PA&MER AND TR.OCKBR.-Weath and Crops; importance, the State horticultural societies .
Railroads radiate from Florida like
Peanut Culture in Virginia; Farm Mortgages -
........w..... ... ......... .. ...... 230 Solid Packing of Fruit for Ship- the of wheel and doubtlessall have compiled catalogues of the
Tile for Drainage...................... ...... 231 spokes a fruits grown, showing, by their arrange-
POULTRY-How to Hav Plenty of Eggs; ment.A of them would continue to operateif ment and marking, the relative adapta-
.... ................
Success with Turkeys 231
.... ....... late writer in the Pacific Rural Florida was sunk in the sea. If then bility of the various varieties to the sev-
STATE_____ _NEWS___ .._ .............. 232_
OUR: RURAL HOME-A Lenten Monody. Getting Press makes the heterodox statement all of them could live on their local eral sections; such catalogues being revised -

Ready for Summer; Taro; Pure that he has found slack packed business without the Florida trade how every year and published in connec-
..... i ,
Water; Cucumber Pickles; A Query. 232 tion with the reports of the proceedingsof
Commercial .Solid 233 oranges would carry in the best con i is it that they could not take the Flor- the societies. These catalogues forman

EDITORIAL. Packing-of Organization Fruit for Shipment for Growers; Concentration ; dition. This may be true for the ida business at lower rates than the invaluable guide to the planter, and

vi. Competition; Late, Recipefor skinned California butit ? enable even a novice to select with cer-
tough
Bordeaux Mixture................... 234 orange, -present taintv.-"-
MARKETS.................... .... .0......... 234 would be contrary to all the teach The concentration hinted at by Mr. Here in Florida fruits
Movements of Fruits and Vegetables; Fruit ings of twenty years of experience in Menzies is impossible of accomplishment I under conditions so we peculiar are growing that results

Exchange by Telegraph Bulletin;The;Convention Auction Sales to;be Latest Heldat Florida. With pears, peaches, plums, because Florida oranges are obtained elsewhere have little value; to

Orlando, The jTop Notch............. 235 hammock oranges, and even that wanted in every part of the Union, avoid repeating over and over the same

A Jacksonville Seed House; Eradicating Ber- tenderest of all fruits, the strawberry, and as soon as they leave the State mistakes and the same experiments, we

Kieffer muda Grass and Garber; Dwarf Pears Citrus.....Trifoliata...........; 236 the universal injunction of the Northern they must radiate in a dozen different need to know what others working in the

TZANeroRTATroN-Railroad' Commission; receiver is pack solid. The directions and be restricted to same field have accomplished. So far as
cannot
Fruit Losses in Transit.............. .... 237 varieties are concerned, a catalogue of
packages should be tiered with air two three roads.
MARKETING-Facts for Growers to Ponder; up or this kind would give us such knowledgein
Channels for Fruit.Marketing. ......... 238 spaces or alleys of two or three inches a concise and reliable form; and the
1 between them, running the whole selection of varieties suited to one's re
Weather in Jacksonville. Late Recipe for Bordeaux Mixture.
length of the car; but each tier shouldbe quirements at the foundation of suc-

S. i I I. ....:. .4 1':1 0DATE. : tacked firmly to a lath or light American Gardening gives the following cess in fruit growing.The .
? I.
.4 a eS Ii .s ti t board running across from one side of from Prof. Beach, of the Geneva Florida State Horticultural Societyhas
00 GO 1.M j (N. Y.) Experiment Station undertaken the cataloguing of the
- the car to the other, to prevent any ,
Apt 3......... 6J 67 74 51 23 62 0.00 relative to the preparation of the fruits of this State. The following com-
motion of the Not
Apt 4. ........ 64 70 R3 59 2.4 71 000Apl packages sideways. mittee will report tabulated and properly
5......... 67 68 82 62 20 72 a 04 only this, but the best fruit packersnow Bordeaux mixture: marked lists of our fruits to the next an-
Apt 6......... 58 56 65 55 10 60 0.01 "Prof. Beach advises dissolve
Apt 7......... 57 6S 74 4K 25 61 0.00 shore the tiers downward from to 4 nual meeting; A. H. Manville(chairman),
Apt 8. ...... 6S 70 8.t 60 24 72 0.00 the roof of the car to prevent the pounds of copper sulphate in water, L. W. Plank, G. L. Taber, R. D. Hoyt, J.
Apt 9....... .... 69 11 85 62 23 74 0.00 cask. Next H. White.To .
nearly filling a gallon
boxes (from and 45
- leaping up poundingwhen
in the
Mean .... ... 63.067.078.057.021.067.0 .0.OS the make a whitewash or cream of freshly epitomize this catalogue re-
springless car runs over a cent progress and present attainment of
Total rainfall. defective rail or a tie whose end slacked lime. Have on hand a small our pomology the committee must draw

T-Trace. slumps into the mud. The fruit in bottle containing a saturated solutionof upon the experience of leading growers .
E. R. DEMAIN, Observer. yellow prussiate of potash (ferro- throughout the State., The report( will
I the lower layers of boxes, after a hard
give due credit to all} who aid in the
of in water. As :
cyanide potassium
)
We hope that every live, wide- trip over some of the roughest rail- work, and the committee confidently expects -
awake community in the fruit and roads, has been found on arrival you add the lime to the copper the active co-operation of our hor-

vegetable districts will get togetherand ground and pounded almost into sulphate water, apply the test from ticulturists, whether members of the society

give one more good heave to pomace from lack of props to keep the time to time by adding a drop from or not ; and, in view of the impor-
boxes from the small bottle. As long as you no- tance of the work and its present practical -
help Florida. This means organize a bouncing up.
value have doubt the
we no inquiries
,
tice of color in the mixture
.. a change ,
local union and send --. -
a delegate to of the committee will elicit full and
Concentration vs Competition. more lime must be added. When
the Orlando convention. prompt response.
.. The address of- the leaders of- the- further addition of the drug ceases to This catalogue will save our horticul- I

The Omaha Fruit Auction Com- new movement to the Florida shippers change the color, the mixture contains tural "old timers" many a false step and
lime enough. The necessity of will cause the "new comer" to lift up his
is contains a letter written Mr.
by
pany a newly organized concern. James
voice and bless the Florida Horticultural
An excellent feature of the rules Menzies, G. F. A. of the J., T. & straining can be avoided by using only Society. It will mark an important

adopted, looking to the exclusion of K.W. railroad, to Mr. F. C. Buffum. the clear milk of lime, not the set epoch in our pomological progress, and

peddlers and that sort, provides that Following is one paragraph of it: tlings. Freshly slacked lime is al its undertaking is a matter for congratu-

each purchaser must buy at least "It has been urged on this and ways to be preferred. It sticks better lation to the Society and the fruit growers -

twenty boxes of fruit; also that buyersnot many occasions, heretofore, that the and it does not take so much time. of the State.

members, must deposit $50.00 be- rates on oranges from California to Its object is simply to neutralize the .

fore the opening of each day's sale. Chicago and other Western cities are acid in the sulphate. The mixture .

--. *.-- less per mile than the rates from Florida must be constantly stirred while being ]3\a1[ {ets

Organization for Growers. to the same points; and while this applied. For close work there is no
better than the Ver- - - - - - ..
spraying nozzle - - - - -
This word has been sounded in the may be true, the intelligent shipperwill J'

ears of the growers so often that it is admit that where the same resultsare morel. A bamboo extension may JACKSONVILLE, FLA., April 13. i

apt to be dismissed with scorn and expected the conditions must also be used with which to get the nozzle FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. -

contempt by practical men. But it is be identical. While there are many into .the tree. A weak mixture put

the very root of the: matter, if rightly: lines competing for the traffic from on thoroughly is better than a strong lots These fetch are prices average above top quotations.quotations Extra,while choice poor ..

managed. The main body of fruit Florida to the West, two trunk lines mixture applied in a haphazard way. lots sell lower.

and vegetable growers of Florida are perform the bulk of the service from Experiments have shown the Bor- Oranges, ripe ...................... 2.00103.50
mixture H drops.............._.......1.50 to 3.00
deaux be the best
slowly sinking to the level of Spanish California eastward. The i idea is held to fungi- Grape fruit,box. ..... ... .. ...........3.00103.50Grapefruit
peasants and Mexican\ for lack by a large number of that cide yet tested." bbl................. ..... 5.00to6.00
peons shippers Lemons,Fla., .... .... .............. 2.00
of combination. It is not character the greater the competition amongstthe Col. S. S. Harvey, a prominentfruit Messina............ ......... 3.00
of Escambia informs Pineapples, crate, wanted.... ...... 6.00 to
istic of the Saxon county, 7.00
great Anglo- race to railroads the less will the rates of grower Potatoes,Burbanks, sack............. 3.35
that he has found the best ........... .
which we belong to allow themselvesto transportation necessarily be. Para us in -sack lots. ... 2.20
.
Hebrons,bbl................
method of bluestone sulphate 2.50
go down this way. doxical as it may seem, the reverse of dissolving ( 5-bbl.lots .......... 2.40

The men who are engineering the this is true. The more railroads thereare of copper) is by suspending it "U Early.*Rose.5-bbl.lots........................... 2.50 2...

new movement Marion county are the greater will be the necessity in hot water in a basket or very open- Chili Red. ..................... 2.50
.. .. ..........
.
meshed sack. If left the s-bbl. lots
not schemers for fat offices; they are for a high tariff. It might pay two lying at Onions yellow,bbl................... 2.40
2.50
men of substance, orange growers I i lines to make a hand ome reductionon bottom of the vessel it will be six red .......... ................ 2.75
Yellow Yams, wanted bush .........
themselves, actuated by the selfish any particular class of freight, but times as long in dissolving. Jersey Sweets, wanted,bush......... .50.50
it is true of and if the amount of Florida cabbage, per 100.............. 2.00105.00
protecting same freight was
purpose Cauliflower. Fla.,each................ : to .12
benefiting their own business, but divided between a dozen lines, it The "smut gnats" are beginning to Turnips, northern ........... ......... .5 1.75
Lettuce, doz.,.. .......................
with breadth enough to perceive that would not follow that a reduction devour the fine orange grove of Mr. J. Parsnips.II. ..................... 2.75.15
........................
the vast majority of must sinkor could profitably be made by of J. Mixson and there seems no Squash,crate. 1.25
growers any remedy Celery............................ .. .25t0.33
swim together.Let these lines. I for them. These gnats are so numerous Egg Plants, bbl....................... 3.00104.50
it not be said to their Now contention here is that if Mr. T. N. Smith's in Tomatoes............................1.50 to 2.00 ;
everlasting on place the Squashes, crt. ......................... 1.35101.50 .
reproach, that the growers of Floridaare two or three trunk railroads could extreme northeastern portion of the Cocoanuts.... .......... ............. 4.00 .
..... ...... ....
brand .. .
best
Peanuts to
the most helpless and freckless have the carrying of all the orangesof county, that he has to strain all his Sweet Pepper peck................... .D4 .75.05
body of producers in Christendom. Florida, they could afford to lower drinking water before using. Whena Guavas,3-peck: box ................... 1.50
Okra, peck, wanted................... 1.00
There is a personal independence and the freight charges. Then what bucket is drawn and set on the shelf Cucumbers............................xaj{ to.15
isolation which is the very essence of would become of the other nine or any length of time it is completely Cowpeas,shelled peck.. ............. .50
Green Beans crate.... ........ .... 1.50 to 3.00
servility and weakness. Let the ship. ten roads which now receive a share? covered over with, gnats,-Levy Peas,crate ...?............. ...i.ootor.so
.
pers only make themselves solid by Would they cease to exist from. lack. Tunes-''Dem a : Pumpkins New beets,,with each.tops....,.barrel.......crate........:....1.25. 05 to to a.ot.15
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1 1t FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 235
,-- ... -- -- ---.- .-
-
.

Parsley,per dz.; bunches ............. .10 The Convention to Be Held at Orlando w. c. WILl.. ESTABLISHED 1876. A.F.JONE3.
r Watercress,per doz. bunches........ .20 to .25
Spinach,bushel....................... 75 to I.CO .
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches......... .20 Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
Green onions .......
,per doz. bunches. .20
New potatoes, crate ...................1.50102.00 At a meeting of Union No. 1 of the WILL & JONES
Pepper,hot.bushel................... 1.50 Orange and Vegetable Growers' Associa-
sweet, bushel.................. 3.00 tion held at this place on Saturday, April ,
1 Sage, well cured Ib.................... .25 to ..5op
Asparagus bunch./................... .20 7, it was decided, by virtue of the authority -
Strawberries ........ .......... ..... JO to 1434 vested in our Union in the 58 and 60 West Market St., and 119 and 123 MichiganSt.
Blackberries ...... _. ...:... ........ iotoi2% printed address of the special committee,
POULTRY AND EGGS. to call the State convention. We there- ., Buffalo, N. Y.,
F fore name Tuesday, April 24, as the day,
Hen........ ........................... .33 to.35 and Orlando, Fla., as the place.N. .
Roosters............................ 25 to .30
t Broilers...................... ..... .2010.25 N. CAMPBELL, Sec. Wholesale Fruits and Vegetables.
Turkeys, per pound,gross............ .10 to..11Ducks Lake Weir, Fla., April
.
.35to H
( eese.................................. .50.50 The Top Notch.
gg-............... ...... 12 to .13 Correspondence Ill iced and Stencils Pilrnished on Application
April 7 E. L. Goodsell sold Halifax

River oranges, all sizes, at an average of -REFERENCES: -
Movements of Fruits and Vegeta- 4.35 per box, and grape fruit, fine quality -
at 6.75 per box. First National Bank, Jacksonville, Fla.; Bank of Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y.;
bles. -.e: Dun's and Bradstreet's agencies.

Since our last issue it is estimated that Buffalo Fruit Auction Company.

i 45,000 hoxes of oranges have been carried March 30-Sold for Florida Fruit Exchange ESTABLISHED 1869.
out of Florida by all routes. Of these of Florida
one car oranges, large
the steamers have taken 32,723 boxes. quantity of large sizes, from 2.00 to 3.00, R. w. DIXON die SON,

The fruit Exchange officers report a average on the car 2.56. One car of Cal-
4 business of 2,500 boxes. ifornia Navels, seconds, 2.30 to 2.5:?). One COMMISSION MERCHANTS,

S The Clyde Line handled 12,000 boxes and car of common to choice lemonp, 1.55 to 190 and 190| Duane St., New York. .
000 packages of vegetables, 0,000 bales 2.50. Two cars of Florida oranges, in
Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty, Strawberries a :special feature. Quick tales and
cotton; the Merchants' Line, 4,000 boxes. poor condition, sold 1.95 to 2.80, average prompt returns. .
Total steamer shipments of vegetables, 2.62 and 201. Four cars of California Reference-Irving National Bank,Bradstreet Commercial Agency.BllIlEn .
9,623 packages. choice seedlings, 1.40 to 1.80. No fancy

California seedlings on this market.
Pineapples, common to choice, 10 to 13c;
'
Y Fruit Exchange Bulletin. extras 16 to 18c; Turkey figs 9c. Cabbage BROS. .

Jacksonville, April 6.--Prices and conditions 1.25 per crate. Attendance, 211. BARNETT ,
I continue about the same as reported April 3-Sold three cars of Florida or-
in our last bulletin. Some points anges, russets and brights, conditionfair BROS- 159 South Water St., Chicago,

show a slight increase, while a small drop 2.20 to 3.25, average 2.86. One car DEALERS IN FRUITS.
t in prices is noticed in others. The following of common to choice Palermo and Messina \ FRUITS
telegrams show results; of last lemons 1.75 to 2.05. One car of We respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables..
sales: California seedlings, condition fair, fruit We are now making a specialty of
1 TELEGRAMS.! very light and wasty, sold at 1.35 to 15. ORANGES
California Washington: Navels, seconds, ,
i We sold your 2,600 boxes to-day at 1.60 2.00 to 2.60. Turkey figs 9c. Florida correspondence Markets and Prospects.
and invite .
to 3.95, averaged 275. Grape fruit 3.40 1.15. Bananas thirds 67
cabbage }c.
; to 3.85. All sound. 47 ]per cent of this Messina\ oranges, half boxes, poor 1.25. We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.

sizes fruit large 3.00.size. All best lines of small Attendance, 197. References, by permission-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,
over ,-iii DeLand Fla. and the Commercial Loan and Trust Co.
,
Market 30c better to-day, think we Vegetable Market. the Volusia County Bank, ,
can average 3 00 next sale, if good stock.
Sale of 838 boxes to-day ranged,1.80 to New York, April 9.-Potatoes new,
ti 3.50 Average 2.82. The demand con- receipts past week. Bermudas, 1,661
, tinues good.Splendid barrels; Havana, 1,233 barrels. Flor- Sell Your Oranges at Home.
sale. Good fruit. Fair condition ida in light receipt and irregular in qual-
Sold 1.85 to 4.12J. Averaged ity, though desirable lots wanted at full
prices. Sweet potatoes dull and irreg- IfJacksonville You Cannot:
2.82.Today's sale ranged 2.35 to 3.30. Averaged ular in quality and value. Florida

,' .. 2.47. Market strong for good prime, 6.OOto 6.50; seconds, 4.00 to 5.00; fruit Action ED.
sizes and best fruit. Bermuda new crop, 7.00 to 8.00; second The
i With this issue we will discontinue our crop No. 1, 6.00 to 6.50; Havana prime,
I semi-weekly bulletins for this season. 5.50 to 6.00; Bermuda and Havana seconds Offers the Quickest and Most Reliable Means of Dispos-
We have issued twice a week up to this 4.00 to 5.00.
time 2,000 of these market reports, and Cabbage has arrived freely from all ing of Fruit.
' as we now find that many of the growersto points and met a good outlet at full
whom we have been mailing the prices, finest marks of Savannah occasionally -
:
When fruit cannot be sold here at a fair price, will forward to best Easternor
bulletins have no more fruit to ship we bringing a premium.
and sell at auction only one commission) and make advance
will discontinue the regular bulletin until Celery in fair suppty, and prime in Western markets, (
markets.
condition of
next season. good demand and firm, but offeringsvary of 50c to $1.00 per box, on good fruit, here, as to general
and Friday returns made on day of sale.
Sale days Monday, Wednesday ;
Any grower who wishes to be fur- widely in quality, many being information address
nished with further information and poor and of little value. Chas. 50c to For stencils and

market reports will be supplied by 1.00 per dozen bunches. Thos. $. Totems m' 'rr.GR01NER5.
special reports if they will advise us of Green Peas.-The cold weather South ,
their wishes on receipt of this bulletin. has caused many of the peas to be badly

frozen, and nearly all show more or less
effects of frost, with prices showing a
Jacksonville Fruit Auction Com-
wide range, and only strictly fancy TO ORANGE
pany. bring full figures. The few Florida .

Jacksonville, April 11.-At the sale on still-arriving are very poor, and seldom

" Monday we touched high-water mark, worth much over freight. Our Jacksonville office, No. 94 West Bay St.,is now open,and shippers desiring
selling 575 boxes for a total of $1,298.80, String beans are in moderate demand market reports or other information with regard to shipping, will kindly commu-
or $2.25 a box for everything, good, bad and weak. A few choice young and nicate with me at that address. .
and indifferent. We obtained for russets tender, command 3.00 to 3.50, but aver- On receipt of shipments of good qualities of fruit in Jacksonville, we will advance -
the extreme figure of 2.70, for brights age best are freely offered at 2.75 to 3.00, from 50 to 75c. per box to those that request the same. Checks for proceedsare
. 2.80, for grape fruit 3 90, for navels 2.70. with bulk of sales from 2.50 down. mailed direct to every grower in Florida within 48 hours after the sale in New
c In our Friday's sale of 700 boxes we did Squash-Florida white and yellow in York. I solicit your support and shipments.
. nearly as well. light supply and steady for choice. Yel- "In order to raise the standard of packing of Florida oranges, we propos Ato
, T. R. TOWNS, Mgr. low 1.75 to 2.00; white 1.00 tQ 1.50. offer a prize of $100 to all that send
.. Tomatoes-Florida tomatoes have been
Latest plenty, but nearly all green and poor and Not Less than 300 Boxes of Orangesto
by Telegraph. 2.00 to 2.50 has covered most sales with
f New York, April 11.-Oranges-Indian some poor lower, and only large well us this season. The winner will[ receive a certificate to the effect that his fruit
River fancy 3.50 to 4.50; other colored ripe stock has sold up to 2.75 to averaged the best gross result during the season, and in addition to that a check for
t selected brights, 3.25 to 3.50;; lines 2.75 3.00 or higher. Key West Havana and $100. This is offered wholly for the sake of endeavoring to raise the standard of
to 3.25; russets, selected, 2.50 to 3.25; Bermuda in light supply, but poor and grading, packing and careful handling on the part of shippers. The average at the
lines 2.00 to 2.50; strawberries 15 to 30c; receive little attention. end of the season will be carefully made out of each and every shipment that we

potatoes, prime, 5.00 to 6.00; seconds, Lettuce-Arrivals from all points vary receive."
3.00 to 4.00; beets 1.00 to 3.00; cabbage, widely in quality and value, and while Any correspondence directed to New York will receive prompt attention.

1.00 to 1.25; cukes 2.00 to 3.00; eggplants choice is scarce and wanted at high,: E. GOODSEL: ,
1.00 to 2.00 beans prices drags at low and irregular
300 to 6.00; squash ; poor
Fla.;:.
Jacksonville
No. 94 West Bay St., ,
75c to 1.50 basket.
2.00 to. 4.00; tomatoes 1.50 to 2.50. figures; .
PALMES>> RIVBNBUBG. &. Co.. pnjons-Bermuda .steamer brought .. -. and No.. 103- RutPlace,:N..Y.; City.


-'a- ., _, ';toTHR '






.A,



,atX86(*

.-- -, _. .. -- THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.
-
--------
.
8.16tt tes'this week and 1,445 crates Possessing the public confidence in an might be achieved which in the ,

arrived from Havana. The market has eminent degree, there is never a move- heavy, moist flatwoods of Bradford
weakened,under the large offerings and ment on foot requiring men of brain and would be THE
under advices of"'about,16,000 crates to probity to advance it, but his servicesare county impossible.
be here r .first of the,week from Bermuda. called in. :Mr. Bours is withal an FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER will

Bermuda, crate, 1.85 to 2.00.Philadelphia enlightened, consistent and liberal chris- give $10 in cash to any of its paid up

., -. tian gentleman-one of whom the com- subscribers who can prove by affi- i

April 9.-Oranges, fancy munity is justly proud. davits before a notary public that he
bright 3.00 to 4.50; russets, 2.75, to 3.50; has eradicated Bermuda % rrN j.e
all large sizes and ordinary fruit, 1.75 to THE HIGHEST AWARD.Dr. grass completely

2.50; grape fruit, 4.50 to 5.50; eggplants, from an orange grove of trees

5.00 to 8.00;. cabbage, 1:25': to 1.50; tomatoes Re- say six years old, in genuine flat-
Price's Powder
,,strictly fancy, 3.25 to 3.50,choice Baking woods, and it has not reappearedfor
2.5ff to 2.75; fair to, good, 1.75 to 2.25; ceives It. a period of twelve months after its

choice tofancy green, per carrier, 2.00 to (Chicago Tribune.) extinction.

2.75; string, beans, 2.00 to 3.50; cucum- supposed ...--- Shortest Quickest
bers, 3.00 to 5.00; squash, 1.25 to 1.75; leavening power, keeping qualities, i Dwarf Citrus Trifoliata.
purity and general excellence, the
strawberries, in refrigerators, 15 to 30c;
World's Fair jury decided that Dr. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
number 7.50 to 8.50
new potatoes, one, ;
eeconds'5.50 to 6.50; culls, 3.50 to 4.00. Price's Cream Baking Powder had no I saw that article in THE FLORIDA Most AttractivEROUTE
REDFIELD & SON. equal. On each of its claims it was FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, but
awarded a first prize or a diploma. All
have been too busy getting ready to
the baking powders entered for prizes
Chicago, April 9.-Oranges, Floridas
out to Japan on the ipth of Aprilto
under small receipts are firm, but theyare were subjected to a most exhaustive examination go

getting to,a, point, where demand is and the jury was the best reply to it.
centering down to the best trade. Many equipped to make the decision of any It is perfectly untrue, and utter non- BETWEEN -

small dealers are being forced to Califor- ever got together. Their verdict was sense, to say that there is a "Dwarf Florida Points and the North. ;
supported by the testimony of Dr. H. W.
nias, and latter are selling better, and Citrus Trifoliata" tree, and also a .
when good they are firm, but the "puff Wiley, chief cheoiist of the United I THE
"Standard Citrus Trifoliata. Thereis
States Department of Agriculture at !
balls of which there are a good many,
rule ,weak, but peddlers take them. Washington. Dr. Wiley is an expert on only one variety throughout Japan.As Florida Central andPeninsular

li4a-96 l 2.25 to 2.50, 126, 2.00; 150, food products, and the highest authorityon to the hardiness of other kinds

3.00 to 3.25; 176 and 200, 3.50; fancy, such matters in America. This ver- (than the Oonshiu) on this stock, I

shade higher;grape fruit,,Florida, 4.50 to dict settles a long debated question as would say I have been experimenting,
to which the
among many baking pow-
5.00 russet, 4.00 to 4.50; California Na-
; ) but it takes time. I cannot .
ders is the best.Cheapest yet report.If
vels, 2.00 to.3.00i: Seedlings, common to VIA
choice, 1.35 to 2.50; bulk, per brl, according they are so, it will be on accountof
to size of brl, 2.50 to 3.50. Cab Lands in the World, the sap being dormant in cold localities baKE CITY, NIAGON

bage, Fla., 1.40; Mobile, 1.50; eggplant, the cultivation in the winter, and in Japan the
Considering quick
Fla., 1.50 to 1.75 doz; new potatoes, Louisiana ; leaves fall and new growth starts about AND flTIiflNTfl
; choice,5.00; Fla., second growth, varied productions of high quality, ,
( the first of frostis
of
Triumphs, 4.00 to 4.50; beans,.Louisiana, and practically no time from the great April, when danger TO

i-bu, 4OOto .50)110rid; bu-box, 3.80 to. markets of Chicago, Milwaukee, De- passed; but the new growth of the Nashville St. Louis and

3.50; ; tomatoes, Fla., choice, 3.50 to 4.00; troit, etc., are in the famous fruit belt Oonshiu budded on the citrus trifoliata ChicagoWith
but 2.75 to 3.00. but one change of sleepers, connects
good green, stock starts before this, though much
M. GEORGE & Co. of Michigan, along the eastern shoreof also at Atlanta for NEW YORK and KANSAS

........--.i.._ -- Lake Michigan. A populated region later than other less hardy kinds, for CITY. The Florida Central and Peninsular
has nearly 700 miles of track running throughthe
there is doubt that the Oonshiu is of
no
A Jacksonville Seed House-"W. A. with schools, churches, railroads,

Hours & Co. steamboat lines, telegraphs. Millionsof itself hardier than our orange trees, Tobacco Stock Regions farming, and Dairy Section,
head all fruit independent of the hardiness of the Feacn and Strawberry Lands,
The of this well-known house,Mr. people to buy vegetables,
W. A. Bours, was born in Jacksonville in garden truck as fast as it grows, and trifoliata stock, .which makes it stand Orange 1'hosphate, Banana Belt.and Pineapple Country,

1852, and began, business as a clerk for transportation ready, quick and cheap sixteen degrees of frost, and even Has the SUrer Spring and
Colonel. John E.. Hart. .When_ Colonel Other Pine Scenery.
enough to get it to them, $5 to $20 more.We TIle Great Hunting Country.
Hart retired in 1885, he disposed of his have had encouragingletters Beaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.Has .
interest to Mr Bours. The business in- per acre. Write B. F. Popple, G. many
the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
this winter and it will
be
creased to such an extent that two years E. Ag't C & W. M. R'y, 375 Broad- plantedmore ety of soils in the State, and above all

ago he sold an interest in it to his brother, way, New York ; or West Mich. Land in California than before, on account Runs over the Central Rfdgeland

Mr. James B;,Bours. Co. Muskegon Mich. Mention this of the frosts in this State.H. Where It Is High and Healthy.
We copy from a4 recent article in! the E. AMOORE. Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
the firm is paper. the best freight facilities for any produce to
Hustler The business of
: extensive
San Francisco, Cal
Northern Send
.. the markets. for the popular
,their jobbing? ,extending over the .4 -.- song
entire State; Their principal lines are Eradicating Bermuda Grass. Kieffer and Garber Pears "MY FLORIDA HOME.

grain, hay, feed, garden seeds and.fertil- Editor Farmer and Fiuit-Grower: For dollars and bushels, Garber and with its spirited words and beautiful music
izers. They have large warehouses on In reply to "New Comer's" descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
the tracks of the principal railroads, ques- Kieffer are the pears to plant in all of which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pages
large.;storage rooms, that will accommo- tion in the last issue of your valuabe! the great Mississippi Valley region. of full sized best music paper,containing also
a picture of a home in Florida and a huntingscene.
datefrbm,50 to 75 cars,and every facility paper, "Is there any way to eradicate Both are practically exempt from It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents(in
for handling their: large business and fill. Bermuda grass in an orange grove ?" blight, and wonderful bearers. All stamps, to pay expense of distribution.) .
Send also for the best
of Florida
ing all.orderstprompUy. Their motto is I wish to say that it can with a little things considered, for large orchards, free) and note the towns on map its route.A.O.MACDONELI (sent
close prices, best quality of goods,prompt care be eradicated. Strike the bladeof : ,G.P A.}
attention andfair,dealing.The we cannot too strongly recommendthese Jacksonville, Fla.
largo, business, the :llrm: enjoys is ; the hoe to the roots of the grass, two sorts. For a beautiful and -

but the logical result of living'up to these then with the hand eradicate the grassin grand effect plant Garber and Kieffer The Florida Central & ..

Mr W. A Bours stilla the Do this .
-though
principles. ; : dry season. every to border a drive or avenue-10 to 13
young man, has been conspicuously three or four weeks and three
Peninsular
or feet Besides their fruit R. R. Co.
apart. you
identified, with_t e city in many ways.
four times will
effectually destroy the
He has served the 'CIty as alderman and will be more than repaid with their Offers to Shippers
the commercial interest as Governor of grass. I had the experience with two splendid columns of living green in

the Board of Trade. For two years he of my groves, which were matted with summer and gorgeous autumn colors The Shortest and Quickest Route

was:President: the,Board of Public,Instruction Bermuda grass, and today they are "in purple and red."-Stark Brothers. BETWEEN

,and the,present efficiency.of the entirely free from it. --....., FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
public schools is due largely to his efforts.
He is'still a member of the board.which, It is erroneous that the grass will Mr. John A. Moore, who is a prac THE EAST AND WEST.With .

under his administration, perfected the grow after it has been exposed to a tical gardener and fruit grower on his Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-

public 'school system until it is not surpassed tropical sun for a month, or a week. place near this city, was in town to- pany handle is the better Orange equipped and Vegetable than ever Crops ever and to

by any in the South. Beggar weeds will choke and destroy day. He says that all tender vegetables insure close connections and prompt despatchto
Mr. Bours is, also president, of the all Eastern and Western Markets.
Bermuda to when
a extent melons and
grass great peas potatoes were
Southern Fuel and Supply Company, Through cars to destination with- t
one of the largest dealers in coal, wood thickly sown in the grove, so will the killed by the freeze, and after careful out change or delay.

and shingles: inthe State. He is secretary vigorous growing speckled field pea. examination, he is convinced that the Perishable freight followed by wire and
of the Jacksonville Loan and Improvement T. J. W. fruit orchards suffered but little dam- shippers advised time passing various Junc-
tion points and arrival at destination.
Company, treasurer of the Lake County, Fla. age, and unless damaged later, the All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-

High Springs Phosphate Company, a We are glad that our correspondenthas yield of pears and peaches will be adjusted.
director in the National Bank of the See that your goods are marked
State"of Florida, director of the Semi- succeeded in extirpating Bermuda large in this section.-Pensacola via F. C. & P. R. R.

nble'Club'etc., e C. grass from his grove. So far as our News.
For information call on or address the undersigned -
Personally Mr. Bours is possessed of recollection goes this is the first Messrs Buffum and Gillett, the lead- :
traits of ehara ter'to challenge the C. E. TAYLOR Trav.A'gt, Ocala,Fla.
many instance on record in the State. In I ing spirits in the new movement, are W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A'g't Orlando, Fla.
admiration of men, A man of, sterlingcharacter the light and loose sands of Lake canvassing the sections with G. M. HOLDEN,Trav. A7gt. Leesburg ElL
lie has the confidence and :re- orange W.R. FULLER.Trav.A'g't, Tampa, Fla.
specfc'of: who !.know J. nand: with his county, where this grass leads a I great energy, organizing local unions Or N.S. PENNINGTON Traffic Jacksonville;tanager( ?Ia
'" '
intimates he ie' '" Del ved. somewhat precarious existence, results wherever they go, W. PLEASANTS,General Fre1a'hijlii.ii .



I



THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. !287

... 1 ___

-1 Oranges now ,call for $Iso"per box

t T1fansp rta. Oll.. cracks.-It often costs more to pre- on the trees. "'The. growers' \\who wait

: w PAINT until this season of'the year have no
for repainting that has been painted in the first
in this Eustis
I Railroad Commission.Editor difficulty getting, price-:
paints than it would to have \ '
Fanner and Fruit Grower: place cheap ready-mixed Lake Region.H. .

In a recent editorial headed Reas- painted it twice with strictly pure white lead, ground in pure linseed oil, Jarrett of ,Lakeside, Clay

ons for a Railroad Commission, you county, has a four-acre vineyard from

concluded by saying, "Right here :.is Stricdy Pure White Lead which he sold last year a l large quantity

1 ivI where the Railroad Commission of grapes,and made goo gallonsof

f should come in-to supply the judicial win .-Green Cove Spring.
instinct as between the Titan and l forms a permanent base for repainting and never has to be burned or -

I the pigmy" What then? Commissioners scraped off on account of scaling or cracking. It is always smooth CENT-A- JYOBD" COL UMIY.

might be elected or appointed and clean. To be sure of getting strictly pure white lead, purchaseany ,. .

whose sense of equity and wisdom' of the:following brands : ments To insure must be insertion accompanied in this by column the money., advertise-'

r would put Solomon to shame, and 'II ANCHOR" (Cincinnati). RED SEAL (St. Louis). Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
received in
Postage Stamps payment.
what good could they possibly do? "ECKSTEIN" (Cincinnati). "KENTUCKY" (Louisville). Count every word,including name and address.
Make rates? But it is optional for SOUTHERN "(St Louis and Chicago). "ATLANTIC" (New York). ..--.....
",COLLIER (St. Louis). "JEWETT" (New York). WANTED-A good young cow. Jersey grade
railroad to recognizethem. Give description and slowest -
any company FOR COLORS-National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead Tinting Colors a one-pound can to e cash price. W.J. Pierepont, Crescent City,
Why incur the heavy expenseof 25-pound keg of Lead, and mix your own paints. Saves time and annoyance in matching- shades.' Fla. ,.- 4".lt-:
has and insures the best paint that it is possible to put on wood.
Commission that not
a ;power Send us a postal card and get our book on paints and color-card, free; it will probablysave NEW DWARF FRENCH CANNAS
to enforce its rulings or laws? you a,good.many dollars. THE large-flowered, gorgeous.ever-bloom-
Nashville Warehouse. "\T ing. For price list, address The Brooks..Sisters,
It is often asserted that the repeal 99. xoi, &! 103 Broad Street Nashville. NATIONAL LEAD CO., New I or k. Florists, Sorrento, Fla. 3-31-4
I of the Railroad Commission was a
-- --- FOR SALE-at half cost,one "Hawkeye Grub
made the political'enemi s
move governor. by,Fleming, to thwart him tion. Then the vast sums of public the fault of the packer, and if.so how 17 Clinton Stump St, Harttord Puller,",Conn.good as new. Address 3-31-4 ,

in supposed purpose of appointing money spent in securing deep waterat remedied ? "1X7 ANTED-Eggs from ncypouttry. :Will ex-

1 as one of the Commissioners Mr. E. every Southern port, might benefit "If we pick our fruit for seven days' change honey.pure H.Buff PRICE Cochin WILLIAMS eggs or extracted

Triay. This may ''have influenced the people. As it is; the St. Johns trip and it takes fourteen, what are orange Apiary, Richmond, Lake Co.,.Fla. Riverside

but I think few. Af- river is virtually a private canal of we to do ?" "
some votes, very
PEACH Boxes and Crates, of all kinds and
ter Judge Raney's decision the people the Clyde Steamship Company.But I made to order. LAKE VENEER Co.,

realized that under the present consti- the only permanent solution Nerve ,Blood Lady Lake, Fla. 3-17-4

tution a Commission was powerless to. \will be found in the National owner- Is |*OR SALE.-Ripley Queen and Abbaka Pineapple -

enforce any tariff of rates it might ship of the railroads. Then, and not Tonic Builder r 31771PURE Plants. H. L.-BEEMAN, Orlando, Fla.

,until then, will the whole country get.
Light Brahma, Brown Leghorn and
fix.The :Putnam County Alliance earlyin a satisfactory transportation service at i Turkey Eggs for Hatching MRS. C.
GOMPERTS, Lady Lake. Fla. 2-24-6
the minimum of cost. But this
1890 passed,the following: great
and just measure will not become the A i PERFECT SPRAYING NOZZLE.-The.Mc-
That the ab-
"Resolved, we urge Gowan Automatic Cleaning Nozzle is.'the
olitionlofthe Railroad Commission as law of the land, I am afraid, until most satisfactory yet invented. Economizes in
f time, labor and spraying,material. ,Price,for all
and incumbrance after years of agitation. In the mean 1 $2.00 for trees ,
a useless expensive 4 Send! for purposes ; Only 81.50. 'Complete
time the patient hard working descriptivepamphlet. practical spraying.outfits of best i material 'selected
done for the. poor, ,
which
f has, nothing peo- after several years experience. S. ,A.
ple, and ;under the decision of the tiller of the soil must continue striv- CUNNINGHAM, State Agent,Altoona, Fla.

Supreme,Court can do nothing." ing year after year to fulfil the ever- Dr..WILLIAMS' ,2-244
increasing difficult task of earing divi-- SOr.:) MEDICINE CO., FORSALforcashtimeortrade,orange groves,
in the extremefor
Isitnot
quixotical .
per box. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
dends for the fraudulent bonds and Schenectady, N.Y Fla.
3-n-i6t
apy person or party to try to H for S'.30..
and BrockvUle.,Ont.
watered stock of the railroad mag- purchaser for *Year-
make political.capital under the war WANTED-A 2,500 Thrifty,
Pear Trees, to 8 feet at
3 *
THOMAS HIND.
nates.
cry :'of a Railroad Commission ? lIS FENCING' $35.00'per 1,000. B. W. Partridge., Monticello- -, Fla.

What railroad In the State,!with Judge Georgetown, Fla. _. 1IIifBEST
Raney's decision in their hands, > ,S 3' WIRE ROPE SELVAGE. BARGAINS in 'Florida! 'Fine o-year-oM
j. Fruit Losses in Transit.A ;: young grove; firstclassvegetable/
would oppose one? To the contrary j and Phosphate Lands. Send for descriptive'circulars. -
i they would.heartily favor it, knowingit shipper writing in the San Fran- J. L. Derieux.Lakeland Fla. loo-ut.

could not possibly hurt them, and cisco Fruit Grower makes the aston- ii rj OR CUTAWAY HARROW prices, addreaa,$.
that the Californiafruit L S.lHubbard, Federal Point,Fla.,StateAKent.
statement
like
ishing
would doubtless act a soothing IO-2I-tf *

t syrup on a fretful child, allay the shippers lose C 65 per cent of their e FOR- SALE-Orange and Lemon -Tree ;>on
clamor for relief for a time at least. goods in transit to the East. He stock. Write for J prices to ,J. H.
'
I t POUITRYAND'RABBITTNETTIBG TURNLEY, "Excelsior Nurseries," Lake Weir,
,l, I:-have given this subject thoughtfor contends strenuously that it is not Railroad, Farm,Gardeii%Cemetery, Lawn Fla. 12-I6ol.5t

years i tand.am persuaded our,only altogether the fault of the growers. Fenctn" Prices down.Wire Freight Fence paid.Co.Catal'D.Tte.Ucltlnlkn'Voven ,Chicago.. BRONZE Turkeys, Pekin Ducks,'Indian Game

hope for relief is either an amend- He says : "When we pack a car of J able prices. Mrs. W.Fowls H..MANN and ,Eggs-Mannville,at reason, Fla.'

ment to our constitution somethingafter fruit expecting it to arrive at Chicago, WITH STANLEY'S .u-l6-tf
I HANG Corrugated Steel Hinges.They .
,the, article of California's con- New York, or in fact any Eastern are Stronger,-Handsomer SWEET'POTATO SEED.-Peruvian. Vinelesa,
.in reference to Railroad point in six to eight days and it and coat no more than the old .\'$ ;-bushel $3; bbf.to:, iBy
stitution ;a YOUR style. For sale by Hardware mail, pound, 4OC; 3 Ibs. $I. JULIUS SCHNADBLBACH. -
Commission. This makes a Railroad arrives in twelve to twenty days, it is Dealers generally, but if not inDOOR Grand Bay, Ala. 2-13-5t

: Commission a constitutional tribunal not wholly the .fault of the shipperthat ', facturers.your vicinity Send write for"BISeraphy the Manu W.. H._MANN, of Manville_, Putnam County!
no cash returns. of a.Yankee Hlnge/'xnailedfree. 4::)a fine lot of ul'aDgl** a 1Trees which the
with .full ,and complete judicial we get will sell cheap. Write him for prices. 'i-rj-iot
powers to be exercised in the same manner "No doubt there is much to learn

;.as any other .high court of record. by many of us, but he is a 'dandy' I.USE TILGHMAN'S.all stock. Will COND'ITION'POWDERS make any animal eat and
Have the Commissioners elected by I who can: keep pace with the railroad 'THEBTANLEY. WOBKS, New BritainCt., i grow fat and sleek. Sure cure for"$alt.Sick."
I It is given as a drench to animals'that 'will'not
the people and make it their duty to facilities or,want of them with whichwe RXSBIB1C. Chester WWW.Jerte II eat. For, sale at L'Engle's Drug Store;Jackson-
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for and are encumbered and make a $ B ./Bed and PoUnd CUaa ville, and nearly! every town in Florid .. Trial
r establish rates passengers i PIGS. Jerwy,,r'Onernwy and package,will be mailed you for 35'cents. W*(G.TILOHMAN .
freights, to hear and determine complaints howling success of this rather delicate Holsteln Sheep. Fancy Cattle.Poultry.Thoroughbred Ranting Palatka, Fla. .1->>OIot

L with full powers to send for industry. For an illustration of many i. W. 911ITIL Cue nuiTlUe.and Houle Cheater I Dop. Co.Catalogue..Penma. BERKSHIRE. ., Poultry;and 'Eggs. ,Cata',...-
RENZ. Fla:
which might be given : Bridgeport.
persons and,papers, to take testimonyand 2-3-10 '
and vest "I was one of a party of four or In Circuit Court,Fourth Judicial Districtin .
punish. for contempt, and for Duval County, Florida.In FOR SALE.-Hand-plows,.very-cbeap: Brand
them} : with full authority to enforce five who, the past season, loaded whatwe Chancery. S. P., Lawtey,Fla.

their decisions ,against all persons and called a special car of fancy fruit, Lafayette Balcom vs. :Mary E. Balcom, Divorce., WANTED.block of sweet oramge seedlings
Notice to non-resident: :Mary E. Balcom-the : for .Address "T'icare
? :; .then you would have picked and packed for the New York defendant in the above entitled cause,.is hereby Farmer and. Fruit budding.Grower,-Jacksonville,
Commission worth market. It was telegraphed ahead ordered to appear to the bill of complaint filed Fla.
a withpowers, paying herein against her, on or before the 4th day of 3104FOR
for and to support which the people and the Eastern agent had hand bills June A. D., 1894, "the same being the rule day sale or trade,5-acre budded orange grover: '
of said month" or the same will be taken as*in improvements. CHAS., H. 'WRBGHT,
] so,'long .oppressed, ,would cheer- distributed among the fruit buyers, : all things confessed against her. Chuluota.'Pla. ..z \-
ahead describing the contents of It is further ordered that this order be publishedonce
days
t ". fully submit to be'taxed."Another a week for eight consecutive weeks in ,THE INDIAN game breeding yard. '8 hen&.and cock;
Al .. : way would be' for Congress I the car and day of expected arrival. FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUITGROWER,.a news- Also Langshans,Leghorns and.Minor-\ !
cas,Including some of our Orlando'prix'win
in said : -
published county.
,to 'repeal ,the laws which now The car arrived in New York in paper Done and ordered this 9th day of April, A. D., ners. S. S.,DcLanoy,Apopka,Fla.. />4- -6
prevent foreign ships engaging in ourniter'state' fourteen days'and in bad order. My 1894. .
'
which consisted [Seal] NOBLE A. HULL, P GGS 'lOR;HATCHING .of!;fifteen.ftrieUet.
I i commerce.would, be portion of the shipment Clerk:Circuit Court. ** Albert. Fries. ,St. Nicholas. ..-73
ardeatKblow; at' the trust of of nearly one-half of ,the carbrought By, F.CASSIDY
greatest -Deputy Clerk.P. CPRAY PUMP aUtbras/: ;foe ji.oo. }.Ge u
the age, the'.S utheni lTiaffictAssoc :: little over'IfreiKht. Was it B.. 'BEDFORD_ ." .., Complainant's. ." Solicitor.. _A 'Drug Store;Jacksonville .-7"3bj






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.: 288' :- THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-ttKOWER.: -_..
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y' lowest rate obtainable at present be- Dandy Garden Plow.

]\\1alfl\efu1: l tween Jacksonville and New York for

oranges is 30 cents per box. This

Pacts for Growers to Ponder. rate is an improvement over what we
have been paying, yet when comparedwith
The promoters of the new move-
ment to consolidate the fruit and the rate on foreign shipments it
still seems excessive. The distance :.-,
vegetable growers of Florida have *4n s yd

issued a long address fom which a which the foreigner is obliged to cover ; \{,Y ".,
by steamer transportation is more "
few extracts are all for which we can :ak;' .'
find than five times as great as the distance
,room' at present:
between Jacksonville and New York,
FERTILIZERS. yet the cost of transportation is the
We find that by purchasing our same in either case.

fertilizers direct from the manufacturers After looking somewhat into the expense x

in large quantities we can save of chartering and running

several dollars per ton. steamers and the cost of loading and

BOX MATERIAL. unloading our fruit, we are fully con- ,

The lowest price at which a com- vinced that it is perfectly practicable .

plete Florida pine orange box can at for the growers to charter their own

present be bought is, we believe, line and transport oranges from Jack
about ii cents. One of the largest sonville to northern markets at a cost

and best equipped mills in Florida for of somewhere from 15 to 20 cents per

getting out box material has agreed to box. The saving in a single season in .,b. r. .I, ..

furnish our association with a first- freights in this way would enable This Plow is constructed almost entirely of iron; is very strong durable and yet .
class complete box which shall cost, the growers to build and equip for the light, weighing only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very light draft.
laid down at our packing houses, not transportation of their produce the I The use of this implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable. With it a
do man's work and half the work of horse. We furnish
than 8 finest line of ventilated steamshipsafloat. man can a a with this
more cents. plow a sweep and a turn-shovel as weiras: the bull tongue shown in the cut. Man-
NAILS. ufacturer's priee, $5.00. Price with ;this paper, $4.00, or given as a premium for ,
As.a means of testing the feasibility at each.
We have a price on nails from a threelnew. subscribers $2.00
of this experiment, the growers might
Pittsburg factory which will enableus
charter a few steamers and run themin Your Fruit at
,to lay them down in Jacksonville at Evaporate li i
but a few cents above two dollars per connection with some already Home.With .
established line.COMMISSION
keg." Since- receiving this quotationwe '" uawu
w
Stove Drier
S. Cook
the U.
have communicated with FOR SELLING. .. .
a factory ?
hundreds of dollars worth of fruit
in Ohio, whichmanufactures: a cement We pay too great a commission for can be saved with this machine Mu I-d.w t

coated nail, which runs fifty-five selling our produce. We are injuring every year. To meet the demandfor !
thousand to the keg. These nails can ourselves by indiscriminate consigning. a small cheap drier, suitable w

be bought and laid down at our pack- We send our fruit to potato, for use on any ordinary cook, oil
ing houses at a price which will enable butter and cheese men instead of to or gasoline stove, we now offer the CDeKU.S! Ll
above. It is very simple, economical -
us to make boxes at a cost of for nails regular fruit dealers. Our business in efficient and convenient, and cur ;

one-fifth of a cent each. The coating this way is placed in so many hands for farmers' use just what is wanted,
with which these nails are covered and 'so cut to pieces that it is not and we believe the cheapest and W

causes a chemical action as the nail possible for anyone to serve us satis- market.best little drier of its class on the

is driven into the wood, which prac- factorily and at a reasonable cost. $8.50 in value for 500. Througha

tically oxidizes it into its position, special arrangement we are enabledto f
making it cling with great tenacity. Channels for Fruit Marketing. offer the U. S. Cook Stove Drier, p ply j juunnn .
Another advantage of this nail is thatit the regular price of which is 7.00 for e m s wn J I !f
will not rust. Messrs. J. H. Preston & Co., of only 5.00, together with a year's subscription -
Providence, R. I., wrote a letter to to the FAKMEK AND FRUIT 5i w .
.. PAPER. GnowER. To one sending a club -
Mr. F. C. Buffum, of Stanton, Fla., any g i if
We have prices on paper from a in relation to marketing the fruit,whichit of five yearly subscribers at $2.00 f -
each four subscribers and $1.00 in
or
New Hampshire paper mill, and thoseof is hoped may be controlled by the i money, we will send one of the driers .
us who have in mind prices which new movement, in which they..sayVe : free:' tom.r. .cR, 1

we have paid for paper will appreciate ",\ should be perfectly satisfied to The drier has eight galvanized wire

the great advantage of buyingin handle the fruit of such an association, cloth trays containing twelve square r

car load lots at the following prices: provided it could be sold at auction at feet of 22x16 tray inches surface, height-the 26 dimensionsbase inches.

9x9. . . 4! cents per ream five per cent., or one-half our present
at receiver's crated about
10x10 .. ,.. ". .. .' _.,5| cents per ream charge. If your association would Sent. by freight expense. Weight, twentysevenpounds.

11x11., . .. 7 cents per ream put as much fruit into Providence as it It is always for use and will last a life-time. Has been thoroughly tested)
12x12 . .'8J cents ream ready
per could take care of and allow,it to be and approved, will more than please you. As a great economizer and moneyr
These prices are for first class ma-- sold at auction, it would soon have maker for rural people it is without a rival.
nilla wraps. Prices for printed and control of market :Mr. Thomas Patten of Glen St. Mary, Fla., bought one through this paper last
fancy are proportionately: low. complete our ; but, year and he writes us. "It is all that could be desired, considering size".
paper as. it is now, the dealers go to NewYork -- .
-:r A SPORTATIQN. or Boston and buy and
oranges I wholesale and retail fruit; at the same time, we are con-
In the matter of transportation we either undersell us or else sell at the grocers grocers
vinced that much is
too
does. harm and is the cause fre- paid to the
great ,
have recently had personal interviewswith same figure and make twice as muchas railroads for "
of low prices. One of transportation.
railroad officials, and are assured we do. This shows that there is quently very .. ..
by,them that, when we are ready to more money to watch the markets and our customers, a little man in Valley Bean shipping is about over.
Falls has been
having nearly a car a
,
band ourselves together and bring our buy when they are overloadedand
eavy Prices have held wonderfully well
him and instead of up ,
week to
shipped ,
shipments to transportation lines as then go light when prices are high. has been the beans netting the grower from
they would be brought if controlled by "We would suggest that your asso- retailing groceries selling $75 to $200 per acre. The tomatoesare >
single individual rates will be givenus ciation for instance should supply I fruit."If J
the business could be kept in moving off rapidly. J. W. Glide- R''
very much under what they are at Providence with all the fruit it could channels and handled well has bought up about fifty acres

present. In conversation, with some handle, and put enough in here so legitimate of fruit and who knowits by of tomatoes and is shipping in car lotsto
of the officials of the Jacksonville, that there would be no chance for the judges value would people different the Western markets.-Grand Is-

Tampa & ,Key West System we were dealers or any one else to go to Bostonor results. We you notice see firm very in Provi-- land item in Lake Region.
assured that we could without doubt New York for supplies. Once a
get
dence which handles but Hon. George R. Davis late Direc
nothing
secure a reduction to northern and them out of this habit and they would potatoes
and is tor-General of the World's Fair and
vegetables receiving ,
western points of not less than thirty use none but the association's fruit,
of and Hon. Geo. B. Swift of Chi
quite a lot oranges, as they mayor .
dollars per car to begin with. and if we had control of it we could
have no trade for then they are obligedto cago, and a few others have a place
it
make a good thing for associa-
,'STEAMER. TRANSPORTATION.- your dump them on the market at what- on the west shore of Lake Worth,

A considerable,amount of our pro tion."The in which ever they will bring. The Florida where they have planted 80,000 pine.

duceis-transported.from Jacksonvilleto promiscuous consigned way in Flor-or- people, we think, are largely to blame apple slips and expect to set next year .:.. ;Q;
are by people ,
:
northern markets by steamer. Thee anges for the small returns they get for their 100,000 more.-Juno Sun. ,; <:r
ida to butter men, cheese men, and to *

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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 239SA1TANNAH '


., ..

LINE.Time Clyde Steamship Co. .


48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and 'Philadelphia, and -

between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours. NEW YORK, CHMRi :STOH UNDFLDqiDH UNES.



OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. The magnificent Steamships of this _Line are appointed ..

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
.. IQQa. ge Rs ta.. Both ways : *

Between Jacksonville- and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; excursion, 843.50; (STANDARD TIMS.)
Steerage,$12.50. From New York. From Jacksonville,
a Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, $rj.oo; Intermediate, $I.oo Excursion, $47.301; Steerage, $14.25 (Pier 29, B. R.) STEAMER Florida.'
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed;to sail as follows: Friday, Feb sad! at 3 p m..................."SEMINOLE".Thursday,:Mar 1st, at I2a,.noon
Monday Feb 26th, atap m..............* "IROQUOIS" .............Sunday, Mar 4th. at aroopm
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Wednesday, Feb 28th at 3 p m........ "CHEROKEE" .........Tuesday, Mar 6th, at 4:00: mm
[Central or 90Meridian Time.] Mar 2d.atspm..... .......... "ALGONQUIN".. ......Thursday, Mar 8th,at 5x0am
City of Birmingham........... ............................... ......Tuesday, Mar 2oth, 5.00p.m Monday, Mar 5tD,at 3 P m..............* "YEMASbEE" ........... Sunday, Mar nth, at 6xo a In
Nacoochee, ..... ,......M.........:...... ........... ..._...............Friday, Mar 23d. 7.00a.m Wednesday, Mar 7th,at 3 p m..........t i "SEMINOLE".Tuesday,Mar I3th at 8:30am:
City of Augusta........................ ..............................Sunday, Mar 25th 8xo a.m Friday Mar9th, ats pm................ "IROQUOIS" .........Thursday, Mar 15th,at 1o:8o a m.
,. Kansas City............................................................Tuesday, Mar 27th, 8.30p.m Monday Mar 13th.at 3 pm...........'"CHEROKEE". ........Sunday, Mar i8th, at 2.30p m
City of Birmingham.....................................M.............Friday, Mar 30h 12.30 p.m Friday, Mar 16th at 3 p m..............."ALGONQUIN".Wednesday, Mar aist, at 4.30am
Nacoochee.........e.. ...................................u......... ist, 12.OOn00n Monday Mar 19th,at 3 p m..............*"SEMINOLE"........... Sunday Mar 25th, at-7:30 am
City of Augusta.................................................... .... Tuesday, April 3d,3 30 p.m Wednesday, Mar 21st,at 3 p m ............"IROQUOIS" ........... Tuesday, Mar 27th, at 830a m
.' Kansas City..............................................................Friday,April 6th, 5.00 a.m Friday Mar 23d,at 3 p m.................. "CHEROKEE"........Thurlday. Mar aoth. at 10:00 a m
City of Birmingham.................................................Sunday, April 8th, 6.3oa.m Tuesday. Mar 27th at 3 p m.............. '*ALGONQUIN" ...........Sunday, April ISt,at 1:00 pin
Nacoochee........................?.......... ........................ Tuesday April loth,8.00p.m Friday Mar 30th, at 3 p m................ "SF MINO1$" .......... Thursday, April jth, at4.00am
ti City Of Augusta ............:.................................i....... .Friday,April 13th, 11.30 a.m
,, Kansas City...........................................................Sunday Apri isth, 12.00 noon For New York Direct.joiriivia.
City of Birmingham............... ........... ...... .. ..... .....Tuesday,April iTth,4.00 p.m
L Nacoochee ...................... ...................................... Friday April 20th, 6.00 a.m
City of Augusta.. ............................................ .......Sunday, April 22d, 7.00 a.m ST. I.INE.
Kansas City................................- '.........................Tuesday,April 24th, 8.00 p.m _
City Birmingham....-.................... ........................ Friday April 27th, 10.30 a.m .
Nacoochee............?_...........................................Sunday, April agth, 12.30 p.m For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on

FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. "
a '

Gate Olty..._ .._............_.....................................Thursday, Mar 2<)th, II.ooa.m the St. Johns River. .
City of Macon ....................................... .........?....Thursday,April 5th, 5.00 p.m ............
Gate City........:...................... ....'"..................... Thursday, April i2th, a.'III The elegant Iron Side-Wheel : : '
City of Macon.' .....................................................Thursday,April XQth, 10.30 5.00 p.m Steamers -., d --' .... ,-" ,,(".-
E Gate City.................. ........................... .............Thursday,April 26th, quotum "City of J'aokson.vi.11e," :; -<.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. '' .
Capt. W.A.SHAW,
# (This Ship does lOT Carry Passengers.) c'3' "
red'1 : DeBary
Dessong.......;..........-..........................-......................Friday, Mar 6.30 ,
23
Dessoug... ................... ......................................... Monday,April 2d 1, p.m Capt. T. W.iUNDjR.; ,
Dessoug.............................................."?..............Thursday, April i2th, 3.00 p.m a.m Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p.m., and from Sanford
Dessoug.........,..........................................................Sunday, April 22d,10.30 7.00 a.m daily except Sunday,at 9.00 a.m. .

THESE PALACE STEAMERS SOUTHBOUND SCHEDULE NORTHBOUND
Read down. Read up.

Connecting: with the Savannah, Florida and-Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the Leave ,3.30 pm............ ...............Jacksonville........................ Arrive 11045 p m.II .
., Traveling Public and Shippers advantages. equalled by no other line. 8.30 pm................................Palatka............................ heave 7.00 p m
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East. and Northwest 1.30 am.......1.11..1..1.1...Astor.............. .............. 4$ 2.00 P m
'' Savannah For information and rooms apply to ,. 2.45 am.............................. Frands.......................... u 12'4.5 P m
J. P.BECE WITH, Sol. Agent W.HAWKINS, Fla. Pass.Agent, 500 am..............................Beresford....................;...... 11045 a lit
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville 6.00 am.............................. Blue Spring ........a.............. 11.00 a m.
L I,. WALKER,Agent, C. G.ANDERSON Agent Arrive 8.00 am................................Sanford............................ '.00 a m
New Pier No.35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savanna, Ga. II 9 15 am..............................Enterprise ......................... u Q.lo am
RICHARDSON lit BARNARD.Agents,'ewfe' Wharf, Boston.W. .
W. L.JAMES,Agent, 13.S.Third Street, Philadelphia. General and Ticket Office 88'West St. Jacksonville
J. b. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent SaY., Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y. Passenger Bay ,
A.DeW.SAMPSON General Agent W.E.ARNOLD, Gen.Trav. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville. Fla M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green, New York.
306 Washington St., Boston. W. H. RHETT General Agent, THEO. T. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York. .
1 For Tickets apply to S..F.& W;Railway office. 317 Broadway, New York. A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York. .
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr.; Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St,Jacksonville, Via.'
4 W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875.' JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street Jacksonville,Fla.
; J. B. BOURS. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.


WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers I NURSERIES OF THE

SaSS 'VVBSSI* :SAY .1: :*., ;JA.OB dO rVXCrX E, P ,.A.
,, Milwaukee Florida Co.
;'. We' Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. AJComple Stock of Oraqge


: Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a(Specialty.. .
Budding-Wood for sale at all time
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For .
,r : Cotton Seed Meal. Both Bright and Dark. Catalogue and Price-List,address

A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.
/: 8TAT AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONEYggerl4llsn


., Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA letter' than Is Different
Ever for = 1 from Others.

Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH 1894. flWt] It Is Intended to aid the planter-In selecting the Seeds
best adapted for his needs and conditions and In getting
; GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. from them the best possible results. It is not therefore highly
SULPHATE POTASH HSb colored In either sense; and we have taken great care that
nothing worthless be put In,or nothing worthy be left out. We
: 1. Oraenge Tree and Vegetable CATS Inviteatrial of our Seeds. "We know them because we grow them.
KAINIT, Etc. Every planter of Vegetables or Flowers ought to know about our
FERTILIZER. three warrants; our cash discounts: and our gift of agricultural
papers to purchasers of our Seeds. Allot these are explained' lathe
1.* These Fertilizers: hare no superior in the market and a trial will convince. FOR Catalogue copy of which can be yours for the asking.

,...; send for Catalogue free. --- ,tabu+Sid MSt. J. J. H. CRECORY & SON Marblehead Mas a.

bf JOHN L. MARVIN,


: H. T. BAYA Cashier.President.. THOS.f W. CONRAD Assistant Cashier. Potash for Fruits and Vegetables.


CAPlTAIi $100,000.
Potash Salts are especially beneficial for Fruits and Vegetables. of all kinds; on sandy soils a
marketable variety is impossible without them.
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK Fertilizers for Fruits and Vegetables should contain from 12 to 15 per cent of Potash. Use fertilizers
: containing enough Potash,or apply Potash Soils, such as Kainit. Sulphate of Potash and
Muriate of Potash.
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, For information and pamphlets,address German KaU. (Works,93 Nassau St,.New York City.

i ..pf4etfa11y..ollelt..youtc Deposits, Collections and General
IMxo Deer> : Island Nurserlelii
: Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
Office at Oakland Orange Co., Fla.A .
: INVITED.
FULL LINK OP

DIREOTOR8. CITRUS AND OTHER FRUIT TREES
John L. Marvin" A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin ...
H. T. Bay T. W. Roby., Judge R. B. Archibald, ,.
Plants &c. at to suit the times. Write quotations -
Ornamental prices oa anything
,
:,f Y Judge E. M. Randall.. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, **
Dr H. Robln. ..n.' .. .. John B. Hartrldffe.V you. want. -; "')
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':' 14. ->..-'......- :' .; t--_ .. .. THE FLORIDA FARMER u _._ u. _AND__ __ ''FR FRUIT-GROWER.. .,. ,'....,..4'M b

9

I? THE: PAINE: : .FERTILIZER: C. 0.. OF JACKSONVILLE, fLA.,

AND NEW YORKa
-
V >. "b \ ,ARE- FAR IN TIlE LEAD 'X'HI SE SON. .
TIPI CELEBRATED Brand of TRUCK FARMERS''SPECIAL produced the first best crop of the year,and the patrons of this brand have been very successful and made large sums ofmoneytjut
'of their crops ther>ast-yearr Messrs. G. W. Bigelow and N. J. Anderson, of Bushnell, Fla.started their crops of Watermelons into market the latter part of May.
Mr.BXGELOW sold tf/o cars in New York,through Sgobel& Day, for$456.00 first car and$530.00 second car-The highest price ever realized in New York; He also sold one; car in.Boston for
$500,and other Cfys at fancy prices. No' Brand of Fertilizer has Realized One-Third as. Good- Results.. ". -. Write- for- full information regarding our different brands of Special Mixtures.
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''*_- A FEW FACTS'Y' .

: 1' 4TF YOU, lOAN'produce a car J load_ of fine early melons'froih: : our Truck Farmers' Special and sell at .$300 or over per ,car ,in, ,New York, }'

.:. tis: ;:it':riotmore: Remunerative 'than''/using: .slower? and: 'cheaper''fertilizers. ? Let us figure: A car of. early melons.that cut well will bring! -

In;New;York at-least;.$300. Deduct '$140 (freight, $110; commission. $30;) and you will get $160 net proceeds. But: if'you use a fertilizerfiiat {T

is nofccareuiUy: .prepared, or-adapted: to the crop and requirements! of the State: you get your melons ,Into a late 'market, are

fortunate.'if* they/ ring:freight .cha ges. Say, 'however, two later.cars bring al. ;total :of, ,$300,;you have double freight. ,amounting' to $220,

and:commission '$30, ;Jeaving, only $50 ,as your net,.proceeds.. .:OBSERVE,THE DIFFERENCE! .

.. .j.. :. '. ;.v" ,. .DOES .IT' PAY' TO USE HIGH GRADE: FERTIJjI2EBS IN LARGE QUANTITIES? w

. "-I..L., ,,;'., By,' .writing to..iliJwe'. can give you some valuable points on this;i subject j \and show"-* "* you. .how. to.obtain remunerative: "crops.' $'-)!,'* 1t'.4. ,

p;' ., ; T.RE PAINE F IIiIziI 'CO:9-'r'.'.' v* .3

We give Remunerative Crops.I Others .furnish,.Theory. No. '50 West 'Bay' Street, .''JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA"v. ", ;, .

'Our:.Insecticide and Fertilizer'Lime,,prepared from O. S. Gas Lime,,is giving splendid results. Write for copies of the opinions of those who .have cafe ullyten"thie j!
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'atti 1e. '. .. 1. ... 'J. : lJ
We place only those_articles on the market that bring remunerative returns. Drop us a.postal for our"Special Opinion about "fertilizers as a Profitable Investment*'!. 'Ii :,

II'.- :. ; i 4." *- :". 'AKcibiA; }.r iA./DecemberX3thf. "
The Paine Fertilizer Co.,Jacksonville: :, f ..
GENTLEMEN.' have read with much'' 1t'ereSt'Prof.'=Pratts' :analysis of your O. S. C. Lime, reported in the FARMER.AND FRUIT GROWER of the 9th inst. -I purchased..two tons of:you_about three
months ago and sowed it broadcast over two acres of newly cleared,up bay-head land. I have now growing over4,000:cabbages, 1,509; tomato plants,several: hundred! .e jg plants. ,.beets, lettuce, cauliflowerand .1'
: onions all doing remarkably well, all of' which attribute to the use of your 0. S. 0. Lime. Less than four months ago this garden was a wet,swampybay-head.. 'I have four acres now.to clear
... 3 up and shall use ft ton-to an acre., '. Yours truly, ., t .:,,
.. z, JOHN CROSS.
Just received a cargo of German Kairiit,also large quantities of Potash and Nitrate of Soda and Western goods. We have a large cargo of Potash (all kinds),)and Nitrate of Soda to arrive, during
December, and wiU cut under aU'prices.i Drop tis_a line: for quotations: '(Mention this paper.)

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; USE E ONLY 'FERTILIZER 1

HEiDUTH & MANUFACTURING& GO. by

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.' ';. .. PETERSBURG: V.A L.B.'D"arlingct F Fertilizer Co.
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ft --i j.i
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.. : OF THE .
; ; ;"fii:' .i I MANUFACTURERS. .. '

f-'South Side Fruit Carriers and' 'Shipping 'Packs ges. OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. l)
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-,'; -n'-you'ar :mt rest a send for illustrated.catalogue, free. No Others Give E'qjlal.R u ts.o. 4A, jjj

t B. WEEKS, State Agent; Jacksonville,,. Fia. r;
Lorenzo A. Wilson. W G. Toomer..
No. 8 BostwIck Block,' Corner Bay and Main Street #
,i, ": Send for Pocket Memoranda Book. % .... :.
.. '*nsON ,''a'): :0" I E'R' '

'q\:L...' : & T. 0"M ,, Merrihants'' Steamship Co. ,t


fiB pHTUAxzrn i ,MOUSE Op f zz of IJA. ... -:
.... r OF FLORIDA.
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,:'.. STATE AGENTS, H, J. BAKER & EROS, 'COMPLETE FERTILIZERS sffi. [Tolin '. ]iPistO Wr .

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,..:,:.', A, .: If 1Ip01: THRS OF ;POTASH pjROfa GEi fJIg y. and :Eliliu Thomson.

". flTh Are appointed to sail from Pier North River From Jacksonville '
ACTURERS 30 ; every Saturday. every Snu-
". .. OF BLOOD AND BONE. day;to suit the tide., e' ,,. .,, ? ,
Rates on oranges 30C per box: hoc per barrel. New York' pier is heated by steam, and, is located
4 in the center of the fruit trade; tf '
WE ALWAYS HAVE IN STOCK' LARGE SUPPLY OFH. Rates from New: York. to Jacksonville are ao per cent lower than other'lines. Insurance 1-5 of j
t rIT c i per cent ,
t i W. H. CHRISTOPHER W.B.COATIS.>Agent, *
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.. j ;J.' BAKER :& BRO.'S General Freigiit'Agent..I" Pier 30, North River N. Y.
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7 G. ,
., J. CHRISTOPHHR.Ceneral, Manager Jacksonville. Fla '
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: Orange Tree Manure. '

.. .:, tvt.,..;.'.j...:". .I.' ;. .'-*, Fruit 'and-Vine Manure, NEW: ro'ofHTIIE' cuTIVArO: R

: .I<;:;,'.':;:' ," :Special Tomato, Manure, ,

;.', : Potato and Vegetable Manure. IS THE BEST., Read what others say of it. Cultivators sold on trial;to"-be; returned M
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.:, ,. .. and money refunded unsatisfactory. Send for circulars and price-list to a
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.' :' ;F2tric.t1y 2ure__(round, ,Bone, .Sulphate of Potash, T. "K.: GODBEY, Waldo,=-FIa.

,1\t' Ground Tobacco Stems (Seminole Brand);. TEST :l: NIALS'1. .., ;1';}.,:

< <. Best: Kentucky; Tobacco Stems: Canada Pomona Wholesale Nurseries-Macclenny, Fla. ;.,.. .f

'' ",:!: ,-* Rar !wood Aalies, Nitrate of" Soda, .. Mr.Dear T. K.Sir"GodbeyL :"'Please:ship me two more of your Cult. :'. '

,:;j..l":: ,'' Cotton Seed Meal JI, Sulphur vators. ,The, one I have ,and- all'you; have'sold here d'... .
have given perfect satisfaction. ,'A will .
ki -# Ton. good many
Barrel .
:. i' By or .. be wanted here when the crop'season comes.on,a*.(t '
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..;,<;.' ,.,..,it.)4l.-ro'' { w.,... ," .. .. ... "'i .! eyery one that has seen_them work is highly pleased.;:{r'
,'f.; 'the Fertilizer Line and I .think! .you" deserve success. :You .certainly have i.'"'.
1 in
: ire;Carry: Everytliing .Make my best wishes. i'-.
;".t* c; if! .-". -'- i **> .I"i *rfc.. '- < '* Yours truly, ''''. -':,
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.' ':. Low Prices and Prompt Shipments. W.: D. .I toPomona j;; :. ,
:, .'t.. ", Nurseries Dec. fi, '93.' '.. .I!.: ,
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?' .< ..,,' JOB'CIRCULAR AND' PRICES, WRITE '1-( ; Mr: T.S: Godbey: '!-.- "f';
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Sir
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\ f -- ,< :, : Dear, ...I-am. perfectly satisfied with your Cultl fvator :.:
'- .. .,: :.! 'f h 'it does -..* ...1 if..f'
: > -' ; good work. :;
t ; WI S01TOQlUfIEh "" .
-(4: .. :
.-.*... ,\'... .. ,.' : .' .,...,. "ft.vv.,(.... .. -. ". ...1; *:Yo ri,...truly.....O..lT., ...,: ..-... *w-.. ;;'
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;( :,..;.-..'!.."_, .:'.>*.'):.. ." :. J"aok on.V"iUe, Fla.j. 1 ..,.':-tr.",.,'F"-w -::_..-" Glen St;Mary,- Fial'd'lilIlwJi.1J' Y; .

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