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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00016
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: February 24, 1894
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00016
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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;# "WITh V'HICH IS INCORPOR ..TED .. THE F'I+ORIDA DI9IPA'I'CI3.vv
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f' Powers, Publisherand Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE FLA.. FEBRUARY 24, 1894. Whole No.'1311- -Vol.WvlE .E:: i.S. :,

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f BUYING TREES FOR PRODUCTION. AND PROFIT
PEOPLE ARE

t Buy of the Well-Known, Reliable, Tenyears'testedGLEN LEARNINGx..

I ST. MARY NURSERIES. In Some-parts of the country,at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN EARLY ORANGE,or no
: }, Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest,but Best
ana nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown; Budded Trees'06-this, and other varieties 1
t SATSUMA ORANGES,hardy and early. OLIVES and APRICOTS. now for sale by
PEARS, all kinds:immense stock./ FIGS and MULBERRIES.
r PEACHES, 60 varieties, new and old. POMEGRANATES. -
PLUMB, best Japan and native sorts. CAMPHOR,TREES. C. .A. ,BOONS, Agent.
JAPAN PERSIMMONS,varieties all tested TEXAS UMBRELLA. Semi-Tropical Nurseries,Orlando, Fla,
} 4 GRAPES, good supply, all leading kinds. GREVILLEA ROBUSTA. !
,PECANS, best Paper-Shell variety. MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA.
WALNUTS, English,Japan and California. CITRUS TRIFOLIATA:
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C CHESTNUTS, Japan Mammoth. fine. ROSES,SO varieties. cc EVEtYT
"" We have other kinds-lots of them-write for what you want. P ,. 'FlIfta FOB FltO It.A.u.

For five years past samples of fruit have been sent, free of charge, on application : 'I ,,and-wilf be_ this r : put our experience information as to adaptability to -,, .
! w your'locality is worth much more. "We/have 'discarded from bur own orchards one i r\,\ To every one interested'in'plantswhether' for House, Or- rx
variety of which we shipped.400 bushels in 1887, and:'this,is ''but one '6f,the 'hundreds I ., I ijl: chard, or garden, our 1f Catalogue and Manual will be inval-

; of varieties tested.-- We'have b1it"our ,reputation pn fine soc&some, people? 1 or t U uable., Send for! i it immediately.! } \Ve can supply' an Fruit trees .
Bay the finest. An: -Governbr of Florida writes: "They are beauties,and so admirably o o 'grown in the 'South, Beside Ornamental Useful plants

J. 'packed as to shame a novice in 'the business, and even many, who pretend Q....y 'r. and trees from the Four Quarters of the Earth.. (From" ?
a to : Write to-day
to' be experts. 0 ZlngIberetc.) ,

Prompt and careful attention to correspondence. Prices reasonable.- Cataloguefree. BEASOtf. BROS., Oneco Fla.s .
Address R1 V
t., Headquarters for New Plants.W .
G. :I,. TABER,
Glen St.'Mary, Fla.

Established 1868. A.W"MICHAEL ',a "
H. MICHAEL.

i. !. .ftEr SOUTH SIDE MANUFACTURING CD'PETERSBURG .

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MICHAEL &
,, VA., W.\ :H. SO'I'


f. MANUFACTURERS THE COMMISSION MERCHANTS '


j;:s '. The South Side" Fruit and Vegetable Carriers, AND WHOLESALE. DEALERS IN "


,the standard for ten years of excellence and style, will be glad to answer any questions -

.. about them., Send,for illustrated catalogue,and price list. Mailed free. i Foreign: ,and ,Domestic Fruits, etc.,
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7 .No. 114 Dock St. (West Side), "

ESTABLISH. .. 1892. 'j

s, PHILADELPHIA I PA.
BUFFflLO FRUIT KU6TION BO. of
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FOR THE SALE OF

Florida and California Oranges and Small Fruits, THE, WARNEIib ARRIER' :>.

A.T AITCTIOI

::5'. 85.000 square feetof floor space. Ample cold storage capacity. Car Lots a Specialty, Results. MANUFACTURED] BY THE '
wired at once. Sales four days a week. Our auction sales are attended by fruit .dealers
from all over Western New York, Western Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio and Canada. The original
and only Independent Auction Co.in Western New York. Convenient to all railroads. Capital :
; not limited.. Quick sales and prompt returns. Remember, this market is one of the best. WflRNELk LUMBER HND VENEER BO
We have no opposition. in the Auction'business, and realize good prices for all ship
ments. -:.

,Office<<,. .and ,Auction_ Rooms, 104' & 106 W. (Market- St. Buffalo, fc Y. WARNELL, ,FLORIDA, ':o'

REFERENCES-Queen City:&ink"of'Buffalo'N.'Y.J; Marine Bank of Buffalo, N.Y.;Citizens: Bank, i 1
Baltimore,Md.;Continental Bank, Baltimore'Md.;any Commercial Agency; Florida Reference-
: A. M.Ives, Esq.t Manager Florida Fruit Exchange. ,
Use U. S. Cipher and Scattergood', Code, and California Cipher (revised). 18 THE BEST IfEGETlBLE. GRRTE ON THE MHRKET
.
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;: The Crates are knocked down and tied up in compact bundles, ten crates to the
[ESTABLISHED 1869.] bundle and the'Baskets' strings of thirty'each. -' .!

PHI-THIER, RIXBNBTJRC 5fc QO., They average'mm 1,800 to 2,000 to the car; and. I am prepared, to offer- -.- .them. xs..--in '
car lots at
Successors to G.S.Palmer,166 Reade Street,New:'York. theMANUFACTURERS' '

:WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS. PRICE,
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pI10 IDA FRUITS RJ1D VEGHTABIiHS SPECIJUiTY.' and in smaller quantities in proportion.

We solicit your shipments,'and invite correspondence' regard to market and To facilitate prompt delivery I am carrying these" Crates in stock and'',can fill f
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prospecta., Also write, for stencils. References: Chatham: National :Bank. New orders promptly,on the above basis.: < .

York,. and Dun and Bradstreet Commercial Agencies. Jacksonville'Fla.;. TV. S.4 TFIGHTMAN.' ->J1 fe f .r*+fi'

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114 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. **'&' ".
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;; ORANGE'. GROWERS' SUPPLIES. i

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t"'f : IEC'T'ICIIDE. '
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: In barrels at f5 cents gallon. ..- ; "' 1
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: ; ? Insect Exterminator. :nh '

The ./ ;

,:p:.{ E;- A sure remedy for the Aleyrodes (White Fly) and the Scale, without reference to the hatching period. :

In barrels at 15.cents per gallon. y

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at cents
2 per pound.Spraying' : ,
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great vanety, at manufacturers' prices. l li lj

BOX MATERIAL, HOOPS, ORANGE WRAPS, LADDERS, CLIPPERS, NAILS, Etc. :' ';" j.
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solicited.
Correspondence .,
Jacksonville Fla. =';.;.eF t



F TO THE: ORANGE GROWERS OF FLORIDA. '-, .




Having been practical orange growers for a number years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them ourselves w

for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement : .

: That SULPHUR. ; SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.


It has never. yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as _


other Insecticides have been throughout the State, f


But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed|Ion ,

the trees, at any: stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. "f--

As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, which t {

is very effective destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow .

Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. ,..

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. .:/'!"_'

.-.- These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. --.* -',:*_"' i'j

References and general directions for using furnished on application. ?. 1 .; )
Write for Price-List. \ ***",;\: '., .-


),: McMASTER fe MILLER \ !

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i San Mateo Fla.
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SAVANNAH FLORIDA WESTERN RAilWAYI ee


.I ANDoiI ;

: + FLORIDA + DISPATCH LINE ;: ;>,

WITH THE MAGNIFICENT OONNEOTIONI.f '

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shippers: is directed to the Plant S.S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville, '
Gainesville, Bainbridge,River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miner
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
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NORTH BOUND. SOUTH BOUND.
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany Bainbridge Testm
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville Jacksonville'Calla ,
Daily: fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic CoastLine to all Eastern, Interior and ban and Live Oak. '
Coast points including New York,Boston,Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving Savannah Mondays York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Satur-
,Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. days. ;
Two connections a week-for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston every Thursday at
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. 3 p.m.for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah every all points in Florida.
Thursday. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,for Savannah October loth and zoth and every ten
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah days thereafter. $
October 24th. From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday
Sailing days for Steamships are subject tochangewithout notice. making close connection with S.,F.&W.Ry.,for all points in Flori a. '

The Florida'Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all, points North, Bast and West to Florida.. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping. .-
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receipts apply to any agents of the above lines or to
O. D. OWENS Traffic Manager, Savannah Ga. F. B. PAPY,Division Freight AgentJ9avanaah, Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Oen'l P..DC.r.A.ct.,Jacksonville, FlaV.
S. KNIGHT, C.ntr .ting Freight Agent,Ja ks'nvlUe,Fla J. H. gTEPHUCS, OcatrMftins amt, Jaeks.nviJ3., ..




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! .YEAR.2 PER. FLORIDA FARMER m FRUIT-GROWER. $2 YEAR.TERMS PER. ; l

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OF SUBSCRIPTIONFor tory, California has been saddled and Oranges and most other Florida again that we are promised for this
One Year ......:.........................51.00For '>.
Six Months........................ ..... 1.00 ridden by various: monopolies, and fruits, after being refrigerated, go the same service. If it don't mean
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 this refrigerator .monopoly-the Cali-- down, quickly, lose their attractive that, what does it mean ? '
Subscriptions in all cases cash in fornia Fruit Transportation Companyis appearance and soon become tasteless This letter is written with a view to;
advance. No discount allowed on one's the latest to appear. It tried to and almost worthless. As long as keeping -the subject of reform on this
in club but to
all own agents subscription a liberal(except cash commission a ), will get a foothold in Florida, and for a the temperature is kept low the fruit line before the people and to helping' <
be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby time succeeded with the strawberrytrade may preserve its color and plump out to keep your columns hot. I tell you.. ';
them. Write for terms. and to some extent with the line, but the aroma and flavor will be our papers fairly redden the mail
To every new subscriber we will send, vegetable trade. The orange shipperssoon found to have, departed. These seem bags 'The people" are getting desperate -
postpaid ing? in ,Florida.a copy"of For Whitner's two new"Garden-sub- shook it off.. to leak away fast in the icy atmosphere. -this thing grows-but it grows .

scribers, at $2.00'each, we will send, We say nothing against this Everybody who has been inside of a harder-tighter-more and more bit:
postpaid, .a copy of Moore's "Orange extensive system where it has been 'closed refrigerator car filled with ter, revolting and unbearable If .
Culture." properly conducted. As a refrigeration strawberries must have noticed the there is not an end to this it will be a I

Rates Remittances of advertising should be on made application.by check, system for the deciduous fruits it intense strawberry odor which prevails.It curious thing. .
is true that the railroad ; While waiting for natural laws to y
postal note money order or registered I is adequate; the cars are probably as compa
letter to order of good as any that have been tested on nies do not generally own these refrig- work out certain destinies on old lines .
FARMER AND FRUIT GBOWBB.Jacksonville this continent-as ice-cars. But the erator cars but lease them, paying or new principles, let us get alter! the *
Fla. petty trickery of its employes, peddling usually about (-cent per mile there- Fruit Exchange and have ''them to
out ice at the loading-stations in for. But they operate them and it is widen and broaden out and 'put in
NOTICE stead of filling the car-tanks with it as largely.the neglect of their employes in operation a system of marketing that '
the company intended; the delinquency not properly re-icing at the way sta- will commend itself to the patronage i
If you receive a copy of this of other employes at the re-icing tions which causes deterioration and of the people. That is the size 'of it

paper which you did not order, stations on the way north, in not re loss.The -it can't be otherwise. The proper''
consider it an invitation to sub- plenishing the wasted stores, togetherhave railroad companies keep trying system will compel patronage-there .
scribe. If you do not want it, served ,to bring the entire system something new; the shippers demandit will be no other way.to market or to -
kindly hand it to a neighbor.ftanaportatioii.. into bad odor. This is true of the ; they are dissatisfieddissatisfiedwith live. Brains, business, system, order,t
Florida shippers and also, as we have the service and with the intolerable distribution, a little money to'appeaStt' .. ,
seen, of their California brethren.As cost of it. The conviction can the avaricious or the starving, and all. ,
hardly be avoided that the ultimate can be fixed-hallelujah 1 -* g
I ? above remarked Florida has
result will be the abandonment of all WM. P. NEELD.. ,- ., f
about shaken off this monopoly. Very '
Pinellas. .j- 1
refrigerating at least for fruit
systems,
Air and Iee.-In. few of its cars are now seen on the
transportation and the substitution of
coincidence that roads of this State. But California is ,
.It is a noteworthy
of forced ventilation.
the revolution against ice and in favorof still in its grasp; and it is given out by some system zr01le_ and Ozrcll SlId.;. .
air as a preservative in fruit transportation the newspapers that hundreds of new
be constructed to Keep the Iron Hot. The Orange Situation
is setting in simultaneouslyin cars are to shortly
the Old World and the New. meet the heavy increase expected in Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: Editor Farmer and Fi uit-Grower:
Since the last article of this series was the California shipments this summer. We, the orange growers, have hada I feel somewhat as one of the early
written we have seen an extract from While the C. F.: T. cars have beenso long and a hard pull-a "tough Christians did, who, when he had
the London Horticultural Times, emphatically condemned in Florida, time of it" for several years. It may come up.from Jerusalem and had .
stating that the entire refrigeration there is another system of cars called not take six months to build a rail- taken account of the situation, "thanked ,
system of the great steamers of the the C. F. X. which is coming into road, but it takes more than this many God and: took courage." It seems '
Peninsular and Oriental Steamship general use for the transportation of years to make an orange grove. I to me that there are two things that
Company is to be abandoned. Hence oranges. Instead of having an ice- have put in twenty years. I think if cannot be :monopolized by syndicatesor
forth the fruits of New Zealand are to bunker on top of the car, as in the C. this product is worth anything, that I millionaires. These are 'orange,
be packed in flat Tasmanian cases, F. T. system, this places one at each am entitled! to enough of it to keep me growing and poultry keeping.The .
tiered up with alleys between so that end of the car and one transverselyacross in health.and strength and spirits. My "hen farms" that contain more
they'can be thoroughly ventilated, the middle, a little to one side time is needed now in the preparationof than 1,000 laying fowls and pay the .
not only by a passive escape of the of the door. my crop for market. I have just owners any profit anywhere in the
exhalations, but by an active supply The F. C. & P. Railroad has just got in some box material and made a civilized world can be counted on
ing of fresh air forced through by adopted the A. R. T. (American Refrigerator rack, got hatchet and nails ready, etc.I one's fingers. And when the price of ..
blowers.It Transit) cars, which have have also been up to the depot and oranges comes down to $2 per thous-
is remarkable that these shippers been in use in the West and Northwest interviewed the agent on rates. and stays' there, as it surely will,
have found it advisable to substitute for twelve years, though princi- Things have changed some since many .of the large groves will be.
ventilation refrigeration on voyages pally in the transportation of meats, last year. The rate to ,Chattanoogahas neglected or abandoned.
which are to 'last sixteen to twenty dairy products, beer, etc. This car, gone up to 75 cents per box. The Neighbor F gets this winter225.oo
days, crossing the great heat of :the like the C. F. T., has an icebunkerat rate to Washington gone down to for the 'oranges on seventy trees.
equator. It should be a hint and an each end; a double wall with a 254- 7 2 54. The difference.between car Those trees never had $5 of purchased '
admonition to our American transpor- inch space of dead air between, and load and less than car load will pay'a fertilizer put around them since they .
tation lines, both inland and sea- this again divided by several partitionsof big part or perhaps all of half of 'the :were set in place. from ten to twenty
paper; also a double roof, with a harvesting :of- the production. This years ,ago. Another man here got
ways.Within a few days also we have I two.i iii d space of dead air, covered on means that the rich pull together to 400 boxes from less than 100 trees ..
been permitted to read a private let- top with asphalt. The car is air-tight, keep rich. It seems the poor man covering less than, one acre of ground., :.
double circulation inside "has to like the Chinesetothe The owner of this grove bought, '* '
ter received from Sacramento, Cali- but has a got go, -
fornia, from one of the heaviest ship from each ice-bunker to the middle of compost heap the oranges twenty-three years ago :"...
pers of deciduous fruits to the eastern the car, then upward, then along the I would like to see all men "free- and, planted the seed, and with nq.
markets. The writer is ripe fo- roof back to the bunker, then down to and equal"-before the law, at least, bought?: fertilizer and with very little*
any system of ventilation which giver the floor, etc. that is to say, I'd 'like to have this help except the fowls, they have be-' '' '
is the the like the postal matter-all come a comfort and an income for his
reasonable promise of relief from ths This practically same as thing pay '
burdens of refrigeration: which, undee C. F. T. car. Floridians know to alike, and all get a like service. old age. These oranges sold at an
the rapidly diminishing prices rer their cost how this has failed, chiefly Things are very unequal and unjust at average of $1.50 per box, netting the .
ceived for fruit, are becoming simply through defects in administration. We this time. If there 'is a species of grower .60 cents a box or $3 per .
intolerable. Not only does the enor- would not pronounce prematurely hellish justice in this, there is at leastno thousand.
mous cost of transporting five tons of against either against the A..R. T. or 'charity in it. But this is not Now $240 a year in this country is
ice with every carload, with the consequent -- the C. F. X. car; we hope they will where the ,matter stops. The small quite an item in a family's living. All
loss of space for fruit, eat up be thoroughly tested. At the same shipper, or, in other words, the poor the,manufactured articles are so cheap
the shipper's profits; but the treacheryof time we have, little*confidence'in any man's small lots, are abused, banged and fuel and clothing cost so much'
the system managed by the com- refrigerator giving permanent satisfaction around and delayed. less here than in the colder North
pany's employes-the delays, the The enormous load of ice, And this brings me to mention that that we get along here with 'a good .
failures to re-ice while crossing the running up to seven tons per car in small lots are usually from two to four. deal of' comfort 'with a very little
blaring desert of the midcontinentleaves some systems, adds to the already excessive times as long on the way to market as I money. One hundred and fifty lay
the fruit often in an unmarket- charges paid by the grower, cars are. This militates again againstthe ing hens well managed, should return .
able'condition on 'arrival. cutting down his too narrow margin poor man-you must not'forget a profit of $150 'a year besides fertil }

During the entire period of its hiS- I,of profit still more. that we are, charged. extra rates and izing the little grove in questionand .

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t 116 THE FLORIDA FARMER '
AND
: __ FRUIT-GROWER.. ..
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furnishing a lot of. manure for the : vegetable crate supposed to hold a HASTINGS' FIRST LAUREL.

f vegetable garden. So that one who bushel, is sometimes made with the

'!' combines poultry keeping'with orange slats"only twenty-two and a quarter

t growing and does not ."overdo the inches long instead of twentythree.Green Is the leading early Potato for the Southern States. Extra stock of Seed Potatoesnow

J business" can reasonably sure of a grocers and commission men ready. First Laurel, $5.00 per bbl.; Rural New Yorker No. 2, 4.75 per bbl.;
Dakota Red, $4.75 per bbl.; Early Puritan, $4.75 per bbl.; Early Sunrise, $4.75. per
moderate but sufficient income for all shrewd and
are as quick to perceiveany bbl; Early, Rose, $4.50:. per bbl.; Early Beauty of Hebron, $4.50'per,bbl.
i i- his reasonable wants. such scamping as any class of

; I have ever regarded a moderate men in the world, and if a shipper is II. G. HASTINGS
; but certain income better than a large detected in this, he is sure to suffer.i Seedsmen' Interlachen, Fla.

t but precarious, one. And it does not The chances are that he will be Our Catalogues,are free on application.

bother, me much to know that a poor docked, not only the; amount ot the i w rIhIzEi

,, laboring man in the North, can get shortage, but even more.

twenty-five good Florida' oranges for In the orange box, bushel crates, Actually and Honestly Made from Animal :Bone.

10 'orl'IS' cents and carry them home and other small crates, the heads '
OUR BASE IS BONE, NOT PHOSPHATE ROCK.
to wife and children. While I can should be seven-eighths of an inch

t- buy' best of flour'for $4 i per barrel thick, and the slats one-fourth of an This is a Guaranteed Fact.

; I know that the wheat grower as well inch. For the slats two inches is a '

i as'the orange grower is working for good width. It is a good plan to Standard Guano & Chemical MTg Co "

I low wages, and when 'I buy every make the vegetable crate octagon

j kind of manufactured article cheaperand : shaped, to facilitate ventilation when No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La.

cheaper ar'by' year,' I feel quite the crates are piled up in the car. OSCAR H. NOLAN State Agent.
reconciled to the continued'cheapness For'this' form of construction, make ,
Write for Almanac, Prices, etc. Jacksonville, Fla.
; of oranges. M. CHESEBRO, .,the heads one-quarter inch wider

t. Plummers, Fla. I and cut off the corners enough' receive -
r i a two-inch slat on the bevel. 4JKE GEORGE .IUPVSERIES.:

,; Standard Orates. I All crates should have a partitionacross Write to W. W. Hawkins & Sons for their newel catalogue of orange, lemon.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: J ,
the middle. and grapefruit trees.
j" I: am,about to order my peach, and The; Waldo peach crate would Our ,Specialties are: Ruby Orange, Triumph Grapefruit and Sanford'sThornless'Slcily ...
plum crates made at the local mill! Lemon, the latter declared by experts in California. to be/the
be for
{ and; would l l ask you ,for ,the inside dimensions probably a good one plums. finest'lemon'yet'brought to the notice of the growers there, analyzing highern :.
I of the,most suitable box, especially .For the Kelsey plum, perhaps the quantity and quality of acid than any other variety.

'the 'that has ;JPeento crate, admitting only one W. W. IIiiwI '; & Sons. ,
:one only one layer of fruit, might be advisable.The GE'O: etowni4 ,::1\10.: '<""-- t
layer,deep, of: fruit.I .
California crate has
think a complete detailed article pear 300 Acres In Nursery. Thirty-Fifth Year.SPECIAIJrIBS r
been used by some successfuland
very
in the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER :
:. .
careful shippers in East Florida .
-
would; benefit all peach and plum Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries.
but in Middle and West
Florida"the R U I T TREES
= 17 '' Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan,Persimmons,
growers. barrel is preferred. We have been Strawberries, Guavas, Giant.Loquat,etc., etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens,Camel;
.L1lke County, Fla. lias'Azaleas' ,50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge ''Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses.; The
For the benefit of all our readers told by one of the best commissionmen Green House Department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-
of New York that the barrel aloguesfree. Address p. J.. BERCKMANS.. .. ; Fruitiand Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.
J
; we republish the complete table, No Agents.- "
l' which'was: 'giyeria year'ago' with the has come to be regarded as the reg-
CIRCULARS OF ,
.; suggestion that it might'pay the ship- ulation package for Southern pears,

per11 to' cut it out arid preserve ii for and that he can obtain more money SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain
for them in
that package than in
reTerence. They are outside din e 1i. -
i. sions: any other. a list and description of,the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
.
,r; ., Famiiy, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown, and tested by us
i .
.tJ.tJ in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of'
-9 Bamboo Culture in Louisiana.
:
W';)t .....' 1
f ,,- =!}.UI 00 00 NO*O Three years ago I bought ten plants The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the. United States.. '
O3s from a San Francisco importer. They t '
_
\0\0 OIf'CO\O" "O\ M Send:circulars. Address rp. \rt FIERCe,
_ _
N ly "PI N"NNC"f"N
'. .. ,. were not received in the best of con- Sunset Hill, Lake Ce.,Fta.F."REE .
wa R r tnxc x
'. en M: 2 2 2 RMM- JOPW3MMMMMMMfcwPMH dition. Only one plant out of the RIDE TO SEE J
....'5 ten lived and The first
'. ..... = grew. year
,' .M O o"' M t-. M MOO TREES
.. :: MILLION FRUIT
,, .".n. --M M-- M M the shoots or canes came out about' ONE J _" .. .. ... ,..,. .,. ,
'
.- .,. .' 'c.J'" the size;of a pencil; the second year ROSES,. ETC. THE LARGEST. .STOCJC, : EVER GROWN IN! "FLORIDA.
=0 a u ((1892)) the,canes came out the size.ofa Will take,R. R.fare from bill of trees to all who'will come to Nursery and purchase to amount
1 .' k M w man's thumb ten feet,high this the ot double R. R. fare: -I can afford to make this offer, as one pleased customer means his future'
; ." ,'' I"- l"tj .d ; trade, also the trade off his neighbors. Club together and send one;man from your. neighborhoodbefore .. ....
.. to, _.tJ..tJ.Q"C't: 8r""T third year,' they came out.as big as buying,this fall. ;
"
: '.. ,.: 0."N..,..... ........ corn stalks, of which I mail apiece I am now preparing to plant for myself what will be the largest orchard in the county. Priceof .I
you stock as lowas tne.lowest for,first-class stock. Catalogue free.
", ..U'. .u CIS.. _U M of one of the canes. It has Pomona Wholesale, Nurseries..

I ,, tlSBO'.6.0u fJ"! &QU H:Q'! f ut! -_: uuuH" grown twenty feet high and spreadover W. D: GCUFEISLG] propnigtots.;(
.CJ. f u" f.tJ twenty feet of ground.I Macclenny, Jidher Co., Fla
u u ; u ;
;, tIS tIS.S- .. =.=.0.. 0.u.6.06.Oo ,...-u u am told in the Orient it takes .

", _oca"4SU'_-GIIuO= "tlSu 6.0 aa'fpma fJ =-=. : tIS- eight years,for a bamboo plantation to JOHN CLARK, SON &, CO., ,.

uuv! !" b o'o, ; qq eE establish itself. Each year the canes
E E dt = ;; out than double in size
more
come I
ANDOOMMISSION
GROCERS MERCHANTS
E. S. zz, I and height, and grow with proportionate i ,, ,', I
"
-- .
:
The standard flour barrel, ,the, is o vigor. It does not produce canes -DEALERS IN:-

l Barrel: ,crates,.and,they bushel" crate,are of the largest size until eight years Coal Hay 'Grain Wines Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc.

especially, recommended_ >by the,New after,the plants are set, which is about ; ,,. -1 ,- I ,

York Fruit,and,Produce Trade Asso- eight or nine inches in diameter and JACKi. 7O1, T' 'ILL> s FLA.

cfation#, the barrel crate No. 2 being seventy-five to eighty feet high, which i PRICE MST-OF WHISKEY.

intendedfor," cabbages too '''large to : can be split in 'four and, makes the Parker....................................1.>7'5 'Martin'Bye.........................:93. 00
Orange Valley..................:......: 00 Virginia Glades ...................;....--4.OO
pack:conveniently No. i. It is toth'e best: fence material. I have already SprJng.Valle7............................ 2 BO Old,Bourbon, ............................. 5OO
advantage of shIppers.to adopt sold enough canes.for fishing poles to North Carolina Corn.................. 2 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh..... ............. 5 OO
( Clifton. Club''. ........ ............... Old Baker.................. ......... 5'OO
., a:.uniform? standard In all cases, thatis pay for the plant.: Montrose Velvet.................86:00
"
.. boxes or crates containing a..known ,A furniture man from New Orleanswas Jugs Extra: One gallon, 250.; two gallon,soc.; three gallon, 750. 'Remit [by post office money. ,
order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry towns.
an d,fixed number of pecks, quarts, or 'here, this past summer, and says A complete,price list Groceries. ,and Wine,List sent free: on,application.

pounds, in, order to save ,the,North- there is,a fortune any manwho, will .JOHN CLARK; SON ,& CO..
ern"green, grocers ,the necessity of grow the bamboo to supply.Jhefurni

weighing packages practice which ture manufactories, and Tie engaged :

would;certainly result' in loss '.to theshippers. all I could grow at a good price.: I f;BUDDE.D: ROSES!

i figured,out what an.acre would bring ,
'
Then again, it is, not worth while' me.: 'If I, was to put it down, no one GROWN IN'ND ADAPTED, rTO j FLORIDA.

fpij:the shipper ;to attempt to make would hardly believe it,.suffice if to say Send.for catalogue and,price-list,l to

aainybyshortening! ; up,the ,dimensions that there. is'nothing that grows from :Ha.stin.2s: & Wyfe,

.t. of;his, crate. For J instance, "a the ground; that will pay better. It IntexlaoheXss: ; >t'J5! :


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: s
: .
.: : : ,. THE FLORIDA! 'FARMER FRUIT-GROWER.: 117
I'. .' '.:
-

r comes out and grows very thick over bearing. As I,live in the North and a grove planted in a proper place and outside of the tree would be frosted

the ground and the roots spreacl with only yisit my grove_once ..ji year J. thoroughly well.cared: _fOt--and: .J there: more than those inside from the fact

astonishing rapidity. Root cuttingscan naturally follow! with ,deep Interesteverything are millions! of such places in Florida that radiation from those inside would

be set in waste places along creeks reported from Florida, -need, not lose any sleep lighting be.retarded by: the overhaning leaves.

t or ravines, and require. absolutely no especially the ther.reporfs. Thereare midnight fires and watching his ther I presume many have noticed that

,,- cultivation at all. It will soon occupy two great 'drawbacks which' hamper mometer. ,See,our market columns for oranges on a tree with abundant foli- .

rr, the land, choke and run ahead of all orange growing viz.: the:freezes in the outcome'of frost-fighting this win age are frosted less than those on a .

weeds and underbrush. March and the dry spells in the ter in California. tree with scant foliage. .

:' Merchantable canes are grown in summer. t,_ t BENJ. N. BRADT. .
, Now I look. in vain for Methods of Marketing.Editor..parmer : ,kr.
one season from a five or six-year-old any news Hunington Feb. 4th. ,

.' set plantation large enough to make about the weather in your paper. and Fruit Grower: t-*-. *,(/" -
Freezesand have done I think before there is too much Shading Newly Set Trees.
:. bedsteads, chairs, picture frames, etc. ,dry spells considerable
'::.., The canes come out stouter each year damage without: hardly time,and money spent in ,organizingfor Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: -

': until they grow large enough to split being mentioned.,. Last;winter ,,,1 read the benefit of orange growers, we ; mulch Every one knows the value of a
; when
..1:;',:, in four and make a good fence, and in the leading New York papers detailed had better first enquire and find out planting out orange or
. : of the terrible freezes what are the obstacles in the of other, trees, but I think that too many .
,: as the canes are cut down from year reports : way have
overlooked
come from different of Florida but the success with our organization another item, viz.,
f, to year new shoots constantly ; parts present ,
The Florida Fruit Then shading the stems of all newly planted &'
which with increased vigor Jacksonville papers ,reported much Exchange. 2
; up, grow
, A of
trees. wisp Spanish
moss
( and phenomenal rapidity. Ge.n.,,Kirk. more slowly, arid very incompletelyin go assiduously ,to work and remedy lightly wound round the trunk will
ham has a record of eight inches 1 per the matter. these rather than to put other competitors \
not only enable the tree to stand the
attained his California. plania.tion. Allow that havea in the field. .
to
day :Jon me suggest you shock of moving infinitely better, but
have not made column headed Weather The Florida: Fruit Exchange is agrand
My plants yet special will, which is of much impor-
.. :.a but from indications'' good organization, and has greater
such Bulletin in which
,
: rapid grwth, you keep,a.running
tance,.,keep the bark and stock fresh
of their past growth I expect..Jib. ,see recordfrom.: each.,county,ih Florida.of done much for the good "of orangegrowers arid-supple instead of getting Hardenedwith

next year even more rapid growth. the average temperature and of the in many ways, but they
the is :
sun, as too often the case. "
I Supplies of bamboo seed for planting damage done by freezes and dry spells.It have not come up to the mark, Let moss stay on for first Try .:'1'i
and how without the year.
can they .
obtain as'the sup '
difficult to would increase the
f are undoubtedly
when next setting out and see the difference -
of the Well there is
?
plants seed rarely, sometimes not oftener circulation of ,your. journal, as thereare port people in the trees.
some reason why they do not -J-
than every' twenty-five years. many Northern men in the same support ;
it. What is it? Let's find it FRANK H.. WILLIAMS.
The seeds,:moreover, are exceedingly position as myself.In Killarney Fla.Good .

t"'.. difficult to germinate, hence"plants arepropagated connection with this permit me out and remove it. I, myself,.do not :
, alm entirely from root like the, auction method;; I; think it Words For Florida.
to ,that to obtain from
suggest you try I
cuttings.-Cor. Farm and Ranch. some little short of silly, but I patronize it The Chicago Produce Trade Reporter -
experienced orange growers because I think know best. '
they that
t m if in existence : says: "It transpires ; Florida
means, whereby
f' Do Fertilizers Affect the Quality of blooms and tender} growth on orange I.think the Fruit Exchange should i ,oranges are not only in .more :
.
f. : ;. the Fruit? be from 'freeze handle every box of oranges in Florida abundant supply than ever before, but 1
trees may protected a
then have,only one place in each 1 that in size and-
+ y Editor:Farmer and Fruit Grower: in March., I ,believe inn. keeping ; they are superior ,

r The commission men claim they wood refuse along the north and State where, oranges,can. ,be, bought.Let quality ,to any previous crop. They gy{

4 have never seen Florida oranges 'arrive west sides and lighting a subdued fire oranges be shipped to that pointin are really the, best_ oranges In. the: :i

in such a.wasty condition as'they when tHe cold nights come, but this is bulk, and there packed and sold world, although.the, ,California fruit !snot

have this season. Now, I am. convinced which I would like to for what they,are worth, not for what very far behind, and the Florkdians .
only a theory .
they will 'bring. These are will be able the of ,the.
t that the main cause of this have confirmed experienced men.I my at close /
L trouble is in the:fertilizer used. views; will the people,unite,on them? season to figure up returns on a crop "

Some years ago Major Teasdale, of am now convinced that the freezesare Has any one ,any views on) which of nearly 6,000,000 boxes. The.
the all absorbing evil which depreciate will unite ? This i is the first
they
Palatka, who was one.- of the best profit will ,be small but the aggregate

hands to build up a grove that I have property in Florida.N. thing to find out, then talk .abo t.or must;show a handsome figure. .People

yet seen, remarked that he had experimented LILIENBERG: ganizing, and _tell the Florida Fruit of the. Eastern half of; the Union '1
New York City. Exchange that is the we want have become
with all the leading fertilizers, way thoroughly acquaintedwith 4
I. and none had given him the satisfac- Northern energy, when first transplanted you to conduct our business. The Florida's fine product this season !

tion that Paine's, of Jacksonville, had, to this State, generally makesan plan I believe, is secondary; it is the and the',demand for it next. year
heroic fight against the cold. But carrying out to the l letter and the be
; producing\ such healthy growth of will unprecedented. Judges of 1
wood and good shipping oranges. old Floridians learn to take these unity that will make it a success._ fine,fruit will not hereafter satisfied .::

things easy-not to disregard ,the J. J. POWELL. with short of the Florida
',. Since that I have used it on my own : anything
cold, by any means, but rather to fendit Sorrento Fla., Feb. 19 1894. "
grove and those I have charge! here .. product.
; *
off selection of, location
by good ,, a .
II
and I find that while some of 'J'.
-yy- my cultivation and,, Russet Oranges and Frost: ;
careful fertilizing
sold MeIntosh
neighbors who used higher priced by A carol cabbage was at -
the and,thrifty. Of Editor,Farmer and Fruit Grower:
.I fertilizers have from ten to making tree strong on the 12th to a Milwaukeehouse x

cent. creased and culls and twenty course young trees should be pro Your extract from the proceedingsof at $i._15 f. o. b. 'But.there are

"A* per have have mnythat tected for some ,years by ,banking up the State Horticultural Society i very few buyers yet on the ground.
they shipped scarcely ;:
"
around the collar roots with earth and headed. "Brignt granges and Frost,
:
;
-.t. : paid expenses, I have been receiving the stems judiciously.But has made remarks rather"mixed." Luke Brooks of Citra has a ,magnificent -
wrapping
my
by
,b: the highest prices in the Jacksonville fighting the, cold with smudgefires What: I said was that the russet orange grove. One,plat.contains ;
ft Baltimore, Pittsburg and other markets and another, ,
120 acres
with its twenty-
dark parted
\ and the like is essentially a lottery, orange, being ,
as catalogues,show. I have five acres. This year's crop footedup
j' .
sometimes ,doing good, but oftener heat more: rapidly than the'bright.The '
'If.h... not averaged one box to the hundred '' 18,000 of the ordinary variety and
is
none'at:all worth,mentioning A veteran ,fact not generally recognized;
r ,. of creased or culls, and I believe my do the 4,000? boxes of Tangerines. ,
grower, who in his day had tliat;it;,is'the. still frosts that us '
\' oranges are. as thin-skinned, high- Some sportsmen on Lake Worthget
.
,, the cold as gallantly as most damage.A
fought any-
flavored and juicy as can be produced within shooting-range of the ducks -
,
is
with wind
body in .Florida, once said to the freeze not common
: .. in the Indian river country. When is still in an ingeniously .!=constructed canvas
Florida.
writer that he did not believe all his in there a
"
"
-:-- \ : I wish to know whether any of your work in this direction had paid two freeze_ the orange r or ,the plant is not boat-probably ,the only ,one ,of th'kind
'f j4 readers have ever tried spraying for the Lake. The boat can be
percent:.on the investment.We frozen,by, the external_ 1.air directly: ,but on ,
: scale with brine. I am informed thata becomes colder taken apart and folded up to the size
are painfully aware that theN the orange or plant
a, very successful. orange grower, in w.York print fuller reportsof than the air through,radiation.If of,an ordinary valise. Covered with J

t" Brevard ,county uses it with the very' the, "terrible papers freezes" of Florida the air is in circulation, however palm branches and floating on the

T: ,'" best results.; than our own.papers .do.. They do it slightly l the plant cannot ,become: materially water, ,,it would fool ,many wiser fowl '
! None of the,solutions that have been than ducks. Sun.
: colder than the air. -Juno _
for a -to sell their wares- ,
purpose
, used about here have produced the Hence all obstructions 'to.'the free The sponge'boats arecoming now
I and most Floridians have ,learned to ; ;
'desired effect. WM. L. ORANGE. fast. This week the Eva Lowe
accept their reports with an equal circulation: ,of the air, particularlynear quite

;:: }j' Mannville Fla., Feb.--. ,19.. .1894.. mind.; the,ground promote still frosts.c; brought, 630 bunches, the Rovers'
MBMBM MM MM i M BM HMM H W
Fighting the Weather. A good many groves: ,have been Again, it'is a well known fact that Brother 650' bunches, and the..Alafia
"' dark more about 600, bunches. The trip just .
absorbs heat rapidly
body
4. Editor.Parmer.and Fruit Grower:, planted where orange trees ought a ;

F Y'. I am a.subscnber to, your paper and never to have been set, and, the and and parts with i it more rapidly closing has been quite satisfactory

t read, .your: articles,with_, great .:interest,, sooner the blizzards wipe them out than alight: one of the; same material. are happy to say, and the sponge

:" ,:.' havIng" young .orange..grpve.of.: .ten the better fon the .owners' peace of 'i.J see no,,;reason.whyxliis: jihould not .Business, ,begins} to look up;Tarpon; ,
; -
; mind and The who has to Oranges on the Truth,
It". acres, near Ocala, just coming into purse. m.an\ apply oranges. .

I..



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118 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ;
-
.
-- -
'J,i' _. .


>. THE PIONEER FERTILIZER FACTORY OF FLORIDA. ;:-

-
'- Importers of ... Manufacturers of -


Sulphate., t PotashFrom t If All Kinds of BRANDS

SUITABLE FOR OR rANGE
Germany.

,- TREES,Peach

: HIGH GRADE SULPHATE -- :. Trees, Strawberries,

90-95 per cent. $46.00 per ton. Pineapples.
t .,. '

..". .
'
'
DOUBLE MANURE SALT G- = _-__ Write for a .-:. t

: 'f\; 4&-5S per cent. Sulphate Potash I I -
;
: = _
Pamphlet GiirinqPilll :
t ;;;; ,- '" t $ ton,free board =
'; 7.OO per on cars -___ 'i r <
I
.
f
; -J
i .: Jacksonville, Fla. -- -- _ ParticillarsTO >
_
f -
Also large buyers of _
1 East Bay Street, :

!: KUB Kind of ;. = -_ Jacksonville TOLockhart Fla. j ji


k{I N

i Raw Material. Little 1

t SECRETARY.
..
--- ----
r. >i

ft l4ElJil'] ]\ TleEl\ entine, and still later plant the wax vari up quickly. Have the ground plowed I! grade ammoniated fertilizer over the _'-;
i eties. Wardwell's Kidney Wax is a great deep, run out furrows six:inches deep and surface of the compost in the hill, ::
favorite with the shipper. four: ,feet apart., or further if the land is it lightly with soil and then \
cover ,
Seasonable Work.
strong. Drop the pieces in the furrow
"" SWEET POTATOES.-These may now be mark two lines at right angles with ;
STRAWBERRIES. them writers are with the sames variation-four to six feet
bedded on the warm sunny side of a fenceor each other the surface the .,
advising the growers to apply soda to few be -according to the strength of the soil. on dividing '
their plants, and in that latitude early in building, fashion or a to rows make may"draws"plantedout The fertilizer may be scattered along in surface of the hill into four quarters. .
regular or
the spring it will answer; but we to furnish vines later on. A few the; furrow; cassava takes plenty of it. If Now plant plenty of seed as early as M
advise it here with the very it is commercial fertilizer leave none of it
> /strongly against A.
well. dare in of these anda
sweet
early potatoes generally one quarters,
pay closer you
: plants already full of blossoms and fruit. to the hill than three or four
g A small amount of a complete fertilizer, The Alabama Experiment Station found inchesand, it should be stirred, and mixed week later plant another quarter andso

say a heaping teaspoonful to each plant, that"draws"bushels from large while potatoes those yielded.from with soil. It is best to cover with a on. The idea is to get a perfect
t, all and 136. per acre, hoe and stamp or pat down the earth stand If the first
will
applied now, pay expenses a small ones only yielded 98 bushels. The as early as possible..
good deal more, if the plants are good should< always be split and laidin firm above it. If covered with a plow, planting gives a stand all right, all the ..
potatoes
"_ ones. Now is a good time to set a bed or some pieces may be covered very scantily,
the bed with the flat sides down; then rest can be pulled out. But this prac- 4
two plants and cultivate and keep the the; earth will not be pressed down and
when the plants are pulled loose from tice will from and
bloom all picked off in order to grow a the; canes will dry out and fail to grow. save you waiting ,
them the will not be disturbed
pieces ,
crop of vigorous runners for next fall's and plants too small to pull .at ,the time losing time, and will insure a good

planting. If required to produce fruit will go on and furnish a second install Watermelons.The stand in the end.

and runners both, the plants will not dogood ment. In*fact, the pieces will yield a When a stand is assured, thin out to
and paying work in either direc- second of but only the watermelon, though such a
crop sprouts; a vine or two to each hill. We would
o tion.- most vigorous of these will be worth juicy succulent "berry," prefers not to that we would prefer the "hills"not
CABBAGE.-For quick results sow the planting. The potatoes should be beddedat have too much juice in the land, and repeat
Early Etampes. There is no reason why least six: inches deep; this will give distil its of to be hills at all, but either levelor
to sweet nectar out
the farmer .should not have cabbage plants long enough to live through the prefers ; a little below the level, so that soil :
fresh from the garden until the last of customary spring drouth, while short the driest of sandy soils. At the same can be worked up well around the .

July, if he,will only prepare'to fight insects plants will dry out in the hill or barely time it likes to have a chance co send young plants. The early cultivation

with some vigor. On low, frosty .,live through to the rainy season and be its roots down into a moist and mel-
should be the vines will
rapid %
lands, sow the Centennial, as this is more practically worthless.ToMAToEsThese low bottom, and we always succeed as soon
r- than other variety. If cut prevent clean culture. Some nip the
hardy: any should be well along better in them 'bot-
worms cause trouble, dust the plants now in the hot beds, for an early crop in growing on sandy' ends of the vines when about three
lands than No
doubt
with a mixture of one part pyrethrum the northern part of the State, or nearly tom on upland. feet long-but we doubt the advantage :
powder to six: of fine dust, or sprinkle ready to transfer to the cold frames. many fine ones are grown on the sandy, of the practice. The watermelon and '

them with a strong: infusion of tobacco. Plant bed cloth i? an excellent protectionfor piney uplands, but when a choice of all other melons are what botanists ? .

MELONS AND CUCUMBERS.These may all tender young plants and is a favor- soils can be had we would prefer mellow ] call monoecious That is
be planted now for very early crops, but ite in the South in preference to glass. bottom land and a deep soil. Most plants. they '
will require protection.: Make a box> of After a warm, sunny day, if the bed is devote little attention :I bear male and female blossoms on the '.
too to
boards fifteen inches square, without covered with this air-tight cloth it holdsin people I same plant. The male. blossoms are
top or bottom, place it over the hill'8.l'd the warmth and reflects it back to the the preparation of the soil for water i the showy yellow ones, which have '

bank up the earth a little outside to ground with beneficial results. But it is melons. We have found that it paysto no organs but the pollen-making sta-
keep cutworms and other vermin from very important to raise it more or less on plow the melon land as shallow as
The female
flowers which
getting under to the plants. Over this box warm days, else the plants will become. possible and as early in the spring as mens. '
spread a, gunny! sack' or a wisp of wire- suffocated and ruined. I have the pistil and the ovary (the fu-
it be well worked. Then
grass on cold nights, to be removed in the To have tomatoes all summer (whichis i can as ture fruit) attached are not so conspicuous. -
morning. Bury under each hill six: inches difficult in the "rainy seasan" ) dig a weeds appear cultivate it all over and The bees and 'other insects s

deepabouttwo shovelfuls of rich compost, ditch three feet'deep and two feet wide destroy them, and do not turn up afresh visiting the flowers carry the pollen :

or use as much good commercial fertilizeras with the lower end having a good outlet crop of weeds from below. As of the male blossoms to the pistil of *
can be grasped in one hand, thor- Fill it with
for drainage water. pine time for planting approaches check
the female flower and the fruit r
before set
oughly stirred in the soil a week so
of the surface then
within foot
poles a
the land feet each
and
out ten
the seeds planted. Let these be stuck way that while the ,
are throw in the surface earth, taking care we see bright yellow
down by hand, then the depth can be accurately to have it rattle down well among the clean out the crossings in a broad hole., flowers make no fruit it is of the greatest -

gauged, about an inch being poles. Plant the tomatoes directly over Now, previous to this time a, good pileof importance that there should be

sufficient. Plant for four weeks in suc- : this ditch; the poles will give drainageand composted manure should be pro- plenty of them.If .
of the hill'then
cession in the four quarters i prevent the plants from scalding. vided by mixing well rotted cow,,
if one relay of plants is destroyed the, striped beetles attack the
EG J PLANTS AND PEPPERs-May also sheep or hog manure thoroughly with
insects another will be coming
by frost or
melon
the
best
along. be sown in hotbeds now. ,All tender, three times its bulk of mellow, black young plants remedy
sappy, brittle plants like these and toma- is a handful of raw bone-meal dusted
be mould from the woods. If are
Bush beans planted
BEANS. may you
toes should be carefully guarded against the 'This
drives
over plants. not only
before the danger of frost is entirelyover overcrowding, or else they will become near a city there is nothing better than
and if a frost is threatened when weak and spindling, lose their vitality the sweepings of a paved street. But away the bugs but encourages the

they are about coming through the ground and become worthless for transplanting.PEACH be covered with earth an inch
they may TREES-If these blossom the and do not at a A
deep. In low lands do not plant the wax pre- compost, stop.
Or if maturely and frost is threatened, they shovel full but two or in
variety; they speck too easily. put more For Nervous Prostration. .
they are planted in, such soil, let a slight may be protected somewhat by stickingthe the hole. Make the hill broad and! Use Horsford'g Acid ,-
limbs full of boughs. Phosphat.
.pine
made for the of beans to ..
ridge be row flat and not more than level with the
stand on. Plant Early Mohawk,a variety CASSAVA.-Do not take the canes out of the, soil. "fci Dr. ;J. Q..Stovall,Raleigh C. H.W.Va.,
that will stand more cold than any other. of the bank until ready to plant; keep surface surrounding : says: "Have used it in nervous prostration -
.; For a succession plant the Improved Val- ,out as short a time as possible; they dry planting scatter a handful of some high with great success"

4 ....

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..-A... :. ;.., ., .. I V'D.I'T"rrI't: 1V
, ". ''V''' 'I THE: FLORIDA FARMER AND ..I.YU"-GROWER. 119TT
J
rI7.If: '> :..- ... .
-I

i ::,. ',: .'t-: ::1 Tobacco Culture.-n. matter, the leaves may not have timeto -rinds of oak or hemlock barks, but you 'can look for .a good"hatch free _.11,

! :C. ",'? ;;, .' From studies' made of forty-six ripen, and a greenish leaf will result in tanning there is this fatal difference from lice., Don't say your hens haveno

f '. i samples of tobacco, grown in Baden; which, in burning, gives an Unpleasant Between tanning with palmetto and lice; they all have them, and especially \

r Germany, on different soils and with odor and bitter taste, and oak and hemlock. Take two skins of a broody hen. Perhaps I'll J
rj bitter in also. Alabama and size and tan under tell how I feed chicks '
t different manures, the conclusion was, taste chewing equal weight you ;some other -)
r that tobacco continued to glow longer, Bulletin. equal'conditions, and you will find time. S. S. DEL.ANOY. .

,: e., burned better, the more potash .. the: oak-tanned: leather will weigh Apopka, Fla.. l' :.
and less chlorine (sodium chloride) it Palmetto. from two to three pounds more: than The Dust-Bath.a.-. '
the palmetto tanned leather. It is
contained.In Editor Farmer and Fruil-Grower:
the with chrmoic acid and all There is one thing about a dust- ;
general l, tobacco will be of inferior In one of the late FRUIT GROWERSis same,
bath and that is the fact, that with its
quick tanning. Hence the oak andhemlock
burning quality, which contains a short article on palmetto. .I would
aid the hens rid themselves of lice but
y will hold the trade. ; .
that of chlorine like ask few and if
more 0.4 per cent. to a questions, dust-bath
the
must be of dust not 1
As against sumac and tannicacid ,
and than time would like pure
less have
cent
, 3.5 per potash. you an answer to
sand, or dirt 'containing lumps or "
from whatever source palmettowill
,
of
Effect of soil on burning quality them.
1* tobacco.-As a result of the studies Can palmetto be used for tanning hold its own; but the demand fcr small stones. The finer the materialthe '
"
thin leather is limited more thoroughly the hens get it
referred to above, it was found that leather at a profit? comparatively .1J
and I do not see profit in obtaining -- among their feathers. Coal ashes'
\ soils tannic any :
while tobacco from sandy contained How does the acid compare
tannic acid from palmetto answer as well as anything that can be.
except
k' with found in oak
that and hemlock
on an average only 0.29 percent
side in used, and if well scattered and dusted 1
as a product manufacturing
of chlorine, that from heavy soils bark?
palmetto for other We over every part of the poultry house, J
contained cent.. of chlorine, Is there' in the South purposes.
tannery
0.92 per any
the lice will
remain.
If
not the
poul'j,
\ throw immense of
quantities refuse -
',. soils away
and that tobacco from ?
light. iy- using palmetto
.. .. that might be utilizedfor try house is kept clean, the hens will ;
palmetto
eraged 2.8 per cent. potash, while If the palmetto could be used at a rid *"
themselves 'of
its tannic acid with easily vermin. Keep $
that from heavy soils averaged 2.4 per profit there would be no lack of capital probably : a the box of dust in a dry place, as |
cent. From these indications, to secure to invest, in Florida, in a tannery;, profit. its
dampness usefulness.
Re-
There dozen other for the destroys |
the best burning quality} tobacco but, so, .far as,I can, find out,. it is all I are a uses new the dust frequently to '-
which be made prevent
palmetto profitable
r should be grown on light soils, and theory, 'and not practical.I may *
If ashes '
used
lumping. are avoid
for
without felt ,
|V not on heavy clay soils. saw 'Dr. Westley's assistant at the : question for ; 'ship that made from wood. .;
instance bagging baling cotton 'j
,
World's Fair and he told me there
Effect fertilizers on burning qual- ..,h
stated was,nothing in it, and that canaigrewas etc.Whether
ities of tobacco.-As previously this information is. "satis- Bradley Redfleld. Eugene B.Redfleld. J
that to be of good burning quality, tobacco the coming' plant for tanning: pur- factory" or not I cannot say, but it ESTABLISHED 1871. ..:;
contain than poses. REDFIELD & SON,
should not more
: be the facts in the
0.4,per, cent. chlorine to 2.5 percent. A Mr. Hemedy in Buffalo told me seems to me to Commission MerchantsAND

potash (that is, six times as much pot. that O. B. Smith in St. Augustine was case. SILAS L. LOOMIS. ,

ash as chlorine), consequently, ferti making a test of it. I wrote him in F Fernandina Fla. Fruit Auctioneers :
lizers for tobacco should contain at regard to it, but have heard nothing ,

least six parts ,of potash for every part from him. :14:1 Dock Street Philadelphia,Pa. '
of chlorine that is at the disposal of A firm in Savannah figures out a big either We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
Poultry ft at private sale (which has heretofore been ;:
'"% the plant The closer the relation between thing for a paper and tannery works our custom)or by the auction'system (recently ;h 1
added to our business) as you may'esire.\,, .
potash and chlorine in a fertilizer I together, but I have the impression it -..,- .
tobacco. is all on and not practical. Edited by E.W.AMSDBN. Ormond, Fla. WM. B. SCHRA ER .
the less it is adapted for paper, - .......... ,
'-' - - -
A number of experiments have been Should be pleased to hear from you. BREEDER
with nitrate' on the subject. Betting the 1.1 on.
made, potassium potas- RSEYs.i
GRADE
sium sulphate, potassium muriate, JNO. B. CURTIS, M. D. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower :

gypsum and common salt as fertilizers Orange Heights,Alachua Co.,Fla. The season for setting eggs for best Bulls, Cows and Heifers for sale. ".:!

for tobacco. results is at hand, and perhaps a few WAVERLY FARM Leon j
County near
The chlorine compounds always in- .We applied for information to Prof., remarks on that subject would not be Tallahassee, Fla, .'J
the and the S. L. Loomis, general manager of the Of .
jured burning qualities, out of place. course everyone .1
potassium sulphate and potassium nitrate company in Fernandina who are engaged knows how to set ''their hen, in their HATCH CHICKENS STEAM /:

often improved this quality, in the manufacture of salasse own minds. But are they all success- .WitfijhelmproTea Excelsior \Incubator\ .
failure and adamant fibers from palmetto, and BimpU, Ftofict. &V.9- 'fij
though not always-the being ful? I think not. latino. Thousands tn 100eessfal .?!
due, it is believed, to the potash not he kindly replied as follows : When you go to gather'your eggsat to operation.hatch a larger Guaranteed per. .

being sufficiently distributed through Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: night and find biddy warmingan wntage leas cost of than fertile any eggs other at .

the soil, or where heavy applicationswere I do not know of any place where egg, rout her out. If she is there Glnralari ndeo.nss.B for. fintelaas Jlateher. Hatcher Lowest priced made. ..:1,]
made to the formation of too palmetto roots are used for tanning the next night you can be sure she Din..Cauiosna GEO.: H.STAHL,Qeia ,ULMORE ,+1=:
concentrated solutions. means business. Find a quiet, seclude J
purposes, and I do not think there is "
The tobacco plant gets its growthand such a place.Experiments. ed place to put, your nest, where the TESTIMONIALS ;

maturity rapidly and requires a have been made at other hens will not bother her, if possible for same nnmberofmahatcher ,,:

constant supply of plant food from the Walthourville, near Savannah, and I ; Have it fixed so your: nest material MADE.old 80)in raccemful operation t.:s:

soil, but on the other hand it is ex- believe for some reason there war a is on the ground. Do not use chicks at hatched Decatnr at Illinois.one time 228 :':;
half a bale of hay or other material with a 200 egg capacity: Roll i
sensitive concentrated ,
ceedingly to so- change and now the works are at able lncubator.,851 .7
lutions. It is that the fertilizer but just enough"to raise the eggs a in stamps for new fllustrat
important Marlow, Ga.; but so far not a financial catalogue Address.Bellalilelncniatof&BrooderCo.Qalncy. '
the potash be thor- however the couple of inches off the ground.Don't .
especially success. They, ; use I I1J.
oughly mixed with the soil to a depthto tannic acid extracted from the leaves hollow your nest out, so the .

which the roots extend. This may and have a patent on the process.I eggs all pile up together in a heap; POPULAR POULTRY FARM.P j
be accomplished in a measure by ap- saw leather tanned from palmettoat just look at the way biddy fixes her .

plying the fertilizer some time in advance the Farmers' Alliance Fair at Ocalain laying quarters, and'you will have a 0' '
of planting. 1890. good guide to go by. pEGGS FROM THOROUGHBRED j i

Previous culture'of land for tobac- The most interest has been taken Now, when you have your nest all U Indian Games.

co.-The quality of the soil and the and the most experimenting has .been right, place a few nest eggs in it, put L '8

manuring are largely responsible for' done at St. Augustine, Fla. I can- her on the nest after dark. 'Let her A Black Mlnorcas, -.
.
the early and late ripening and the not learn of a success. out the next afternoon. Of course .'-
regular and irregular ripening of tobacco Tannic acid will tan quickly and she will go on her old nest. Don't S. C. W. Leghorns,

: profitably thin skins for gloVes and let her stay there, get her back to her P

Tobacco plants ripen later on soils the like, but when it comes to the new quarters, place her down before K Black Langshans. F

rich in organic matter, except in the great tanneries, oak and hemlock so her nest, and see if she will go on of My Yards Contain Prize Birds Bought ...

case of sandy soils, where the organic far are the.only reliable articles used. her own accord. If not, put her on. I from Leading:Breeders.E .
matter, decomposes rapidly. Heavy Chromic acid has been and is usedto After a day or two she will probably C

applications of nitrogenous manures a limited extent on thin skins and accept the new situation, then you S. S. DE LANOY, 'j

retard ripening.. Tobacco richly ma- will tan' in a few hours. can place your setting of eggs under S Apopka, Fla. :,2

nured with liquid manure, night soil, That there is sufficient tannic acid her.But

barnyard manure, or nitrate of soda, in the leaves, stems and roots especially first, by all means, give her a INCUBATORS&BROODERS :-:;

ripens late. I of palmetto, to tan leather is. un good dusting with insect powder, and Brooders only$5. Beet and cheapest for .. :hraising }!
It .
chicks i 40 first premiums} 8,000 '.!!'
If the plants are set late on fields so questionable. From analyses I have again on the seventeenth or eighteenthday testimonials\send for r/>gTiffi ..::

manured, or those rich in organic had made, there is !more than in many dusting her nest well also, and Go S.SINGER,.Box 523CardlastonQ. Y;1

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,. 120 ; .T1 FLORIDA: FARMER. ,AND 'FRUIT-GROWER. -: '.: "J
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$ ]'!e1 ts. .Our IuxraI! flome. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. ,'r, !;


'
William Maierfeldt, of Green Cove, Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the l 4
has about three acres of the finest St.,Thomas, Fla. < best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL.$aX)000., J
-, BOX J MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on ,
" plants in the State, which he keeps,in order. Write for price list and i
When ,the Moon .Hangs:, Low. terms.OFFICERS
a flourishing condition by the use of;> : ;
artesian When the moon hangs low in the western sky, GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF" VIce-President. ,
water.-Sp'ririg. And the whipp'will sends forth his mournful ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l"Mgr and Treas. M. P. TURNER tiecretar'1'.1': :
t. Hon. .A. P. Baskin whose portrait ; DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill Bradford i Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt 'a
The mock-bird hushes aillsboro Co.;John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf Duval Co.; 4
I we .published a.. short ,time ago, has Her brood to rest B. M. Baer.-Duval Co.,; A.Brady,, Brevard Co.; F. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V.Hillyer; :.
In the lemon bushes- Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. .E. Stanton Putnam Co.; M. Moreman St.
,; made a grove with limited.means from Her cozy nest; Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.;BenJ.Dowd Lake Co. l
f which he gathered this season 6,000 The sentinel pines long shadows throwAs AddressM correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils, -:
they guard the land, when the moon hangs with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
J,; boxes., ,Mr. Sol, Stevens has a grove low. Y

from which..he gathered 2,500 boxes
'. of fruit and he never spent dollar in Then Florida) wrapped in her robes of mist, NURSERIES OF THEMilwaukee ;
And cool as it never by sun-ray kissed,
making this grove. He is a farmer, In a bath of dews. '

, however, and owns a.. stock of cattle Her Nightly beautytrenews-reposes, Florida Draqge C o.
.
which enables him to do this without Her lilies and roses.
Ahl I Florida! Fair.in the sun's warm glow,
outlay of money.-Marion Times Thou art still more fair when the moon hangs low. Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. .
Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
The tender bud of the cabbage,pal- -MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
February '494.For For atalogue_ and Price-List,address _.
when '
metto
properly prepared, -
makes one of the most savory dishes Florida Mothers. A. L. DUNCAN,. Manager, Dunedin, Fla. ,"

that one need want to eat. The' ,.
'wayto "Mother, please help me with :this .. .... ,
"
it bestis'to trim off. all the
.
prepare
in division of fractions "
problem says ..
'
pulpy part, parboil, it, then stew it Jimmie, as they sit. by the evening The best vegetables come from the South and the I

z until perfectly cooked;"add'a littlebutteiu.and lamp., "I. can't ,make head nor tail PlantWood's:: I best vegetables grown there are produced from :

pepper and .fry it., Serve, !of this rule. Wood's Seeds. ;

while hot, These palmetto,trees .
grow: '
,
: The mother in '
busy working one
: They are unequaled In quality,and will grow North,
r in abundance! in nearly: all parts, of 'addition of fractions!,, by the I rule that : SouthEast,or .West-wherever they are planted.' ,:
\ Florida. There are many hundred Wood's Seed Book for 1894 Is a complete history of '
"A stitch. in time nine. She '
saves current progress In planting. It helps you to select
1 -:
acres ftl the Marion
; e n'near park the best things to tells the best
i plant'and
looks up from her patching at the you way; t
Times. to plant them. Write for it,and currentprlces of any
f book a moment-then: "Oh, I've for- Seeds. Grass Clover, or other Field Seeds required.
1 Mr. W. E. ..Pabor; found rof Pabor : gotten all about it myself;' go to your T. W. WOOD & SONS. RICHMOND, VA.'
i, Lake colony} .re! rri.Tuesday, accOq1panled father." The Largest Seed House In the South.,, -.... ,___

' .by his wife and; daughter, "If you ever. knew," mutters Jim,

" from a month's visit to his ,old home' under his breath, as,he turns to the .

''I'' in Denver, Colorado. He has secured forbidding, face of !the other parent, Ever Bettor for than Is Different i from Others
p number of f i1ieswh will
a t who i is j just now figuring ,at the cost of
'
0 '
lw move from Colorado to Florida dur fertilizing his 1894. It Is Intended to aid the planter in selecting the Seeds
young orange grove, re- best adapted for his needs and conditions and In getting
ing the year, )and also the promise flecting, at the same time, or. the emp- from them the best possible results. It Is not,therefore,highly
' colored in either sense; and we have taken great care that
; sufficient.capital to develop his en ty pocketbook, "400 trees-four nothing worthless be put in,or nothing worthy be left out. We
Mr. the finan- invite a trial of our Seeds. We know them because we grow them.
Pabor
, terprise. says pounds to a tree-i,600-$36 a ton- Every planter of Vegetables or Flowers ought to know about our
cial .depression has, affected Florida '$40'1. 'but he' the three warrants; our cash discounts; and our_gift of agricultural
perhaps helps boy
papers to purchasers of our Seeds. All of these are explained in
t less tha ,any State he, could hear, of, out of his dilemma; and, of course, the Catalogue, a copy of which can be yours for the asking.
fF: and he is,very sanguine of her future Jim thinks his father a smart man,and iaaiiaed Use. J. J. H. GREGORY & SON, Marblehead,Mass.

., Meade ,Pebble.
ossiQilities.-Ft rather wonders "how he came to mar-

; 4 The.f f fisliermen, are greatljrdepressed.A : ry mother." 7 SPRAY PUMP Exp l '$! 5. 50. sao rel
: cold would freeze the "Mamma calls paldfor I IN
: : wav.ttha; 1 up Jenny, practicingher l AUTOMATIC MIXER BARREL ATTACHMENT.
l lakes and,rivers and drive out the.At- music lesson, "do tell me what C Endorsed by the leading Entomologists of the U.S.
f l lantic coast fish;.would I brighten things these little black marks meanoverthe MAKES: COMPLETt: A purchaser.valuable Illus SATISFACTION Book (worth 15.00)GUARANTEED given to each

here, quickly if, it came; without!\ a notes-there isn't a bit of musicin ,J Free.or Money Rapid Refunded.sellers One Illus.Agent Book has:already on Spraying sold
, norther'here,: which always' prevents a the whole thing:" The wearied P BRASS MACHINES over 2,000. ,For full particulars and terms,address

:'. catcK, iIi, the bay: : The, only thing mother, who was once able to keep a "WILLSPRAY t.O ACRES PER DAY. P. C. LEWIS MFG. CO. CATSKILLLY.

that .selling.well:: ,,now is oysters, and roomfull in ecstacy with her enchant=:

it has: been almost anipossibleto.supplyathe ing melodies,.,.fully realizes the truth of never make an accomplished musician, FENCING

demand,Jacksonville 1 since Jenny's l last remark; she has forgottenher unless particularly talented, thoughshe

, the 'hotels' there have' been crowded own early difficulties, though she may become an accomplished flirt, 3' WIRE R P S lYABE.O .

with the sports.; .Fancy fish sell no may remember her'later triumphs. under this parental discipline, if nothing

better' than.mullqt t, and':.one dealer hasp Just"now she is trying to rub "little worse happens her. >

t a hanjon,' mullet refusing receive black marks" out of her little girl's Oh, mothers! I never know whereto

f any if brought:il:'. -r.pa,Times.' _. white aprons, and answers pettishly, stop, for there is no stopping place,
.
A writer in The Tallahasseean describes "I'm tired to death of that thrum- when I take-up the subject of home

the old Scott, plantation since thrum; I wish' there. wasn't,a piano in influence. How anxious we all are .. POULTRY AND RABBIT' NETTING

r i it-has become a.farm owed, by Mr..J. the world. Do get ready and go to: for our children, but how few think Railroad,Farm,Garden Cemetery,Lawn IFenclD"

''- B, Silvis. Upon the immediate site school, and practice to-night."1 Jenny seriously enough of our great respon- McMullen.'.Prices Woven down.Wire Freight Fence paid.Co Oatal'p.frte.,Chicago.

of the old mansion Mr. S. has the best' shuts the instrument with a bang, startsto sibilities. Yet I do not mean that we

garden I ever saw, at, this time'.of the school, meets her "fellow". on"the should wear ourselves out, body and Central or local nan4a'.' 7*
udiM r 9/0
I year Middle Florida. He has cabbage way/has a pleasant chat; when, with soul, with anxiety-only think and act Rapid a...!.k.DlsbW or'Zxsluirt t nu........,.WubM"!to"..til Tl OHOiiaei #
" cauliflower; beets, onions, ruta a few 'words of encouragement' she intelligently, and,leave the:rest.in the for a family la on.mlaat.
. WaihM, rinses and driw th.
bagaSj strawberries, and many other would'' have spent the:hour at'home, hands of God. Without vitttag tho hand .Yra a

toothsome vegetables usually found in secluded from the baleful influencesthat MINNIE G.1!,MILLS. 'Iii RAPID the pub rat.the button Brlcnt,,the pollinod mathlao dbte ba* .

r this i ,climate\ .at this time of the year in too often weave themselves around ...-. 'a'watal and thlcen.AOIOIlt4h&D4tv cheerful: wife 1(0 caU*!

Middle\ Florida. To a lover of vegetables the susceptibilities of the girl of four Steaming the face at 'night over a >'No aarabto.vamaUd.broken dUbe*,no Qrculanfm.m.....CJaea 0.. .

,it is a rare ,treat to dine with bowl of very hot '''water, 'and then W.P.HARRISON Jtt CO., Clerk Bo. 12, ,Coluba... O.LWEILMICHI1ERYF.H ..
teen.Better
Mr. Silvis about ,now.., On the place : far had the mother brought bathing it with very,cold water 'is the IIGHTMIKG '

: there are orchards of excellent fruit, her'into the kitchen to assist in speed- simple method giving ''it a Russian LARGEST } *
All kln4fs of tool* Fortane for
such 'as 125 acres of LeConte and ; ily getting the morning's work out of bath and will tend to make thejskin; Adamantine procecn; take acore. ic*I Artesian Pumping Rlsr*to work
br Rteam.Alretm.
Kieffer pears, a peach orchard of 200 the way; then, while Jenny, was, at whiter and smoother and the flesh Let Aurora us help lll.t Tm. THE Chicago AMERICAN WEl L'VOnK" '
Ills TeL
trees, ipo Japan plum trees,.50 orange school, spent an hour or two in look- firmer. Dallas

treestEnglish: :,walnuts,;pecahs, figs and ing'up her old lessons on'the theory of FRmT TiiEt s.FOR .

bananas in abundance. ,He music if of
" cuts ,20 even completely out prac- '
i tons.of excellent hay} every yearand tice in order to help her daughter on If you feel weakand SOUTHERN ORCHARDS: '

raises'corn; oats and potatoes in prO- her return.It all_ worn: out ,take: ; Write.for Catalogue and,.price.list.JENNINGS' .}. ,s'.",

fusion. is easy to see that Jenny will BROWN'S IRON BITTERS Thomaa'Ylllel NURSERY'CO Oa.i % '. s '

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,_. THE FLORIDA FARMER AM FRUIT-GROWER.' 121 < :'_:
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-Things Worth Knowing. If sassafras bark is sprinkled among 'A .".., ,'., _.. to:' .. :0'. ., or .,. ,., ;_. .4t.! BENTON & UPSONIRRIGATING :- :
Wash .
marble with ammonia and dried fruit it will keep out the worms. : k -, .t ,; "' .-_ ,: .-- "1.,"' '"\

water. To cure felon: wind a cloth loosely -tJRC gOfiVIl1hB, pwI., {;. "
jNeyer leave vegetables in the water about the finger, leaving the end Li '

after they arecooked.Beeswax free. Pour in common gunpowderuntil t'

'and,salt will render rusty the affected part is entirely cov- .., .

flat-irons smooth and clean. ered;;then keep the powder wet with
Fair
World's
to
Rip,tomatoes will remove ink stains strong spirits of camphor. comes MACHINERY /P

fromi white cloth and from the hands. .. "THE PAGE"! ,

A perfume lamp, which burns co. BOTH
FOR DYSPEPSIA, \t least the President does when he wants
l logne<; and spreads a pleasant scent JndfsresUo1ld Stomach disorders,take fence. Last month his Manager called on our

about the ,room;,is among the latehousehold Au T:dealers:BROWN'S keep it,81 IRON per bottle.BITTERS.Genuine has agent paid and for bought at the 600 same rods.price It's now you deliveredand can buy. Steam and Horse Power. )

novelties. tnda-mark and crossed red lines on wrapper. Plenty of fences "just as good" were offeredat r
cut rates, but four years' trial, beats a
A bowl of in '
quicklime kept a cup medal with lion.Thomas W. Palmer. .
board will soon absorb the moisture, RECIPES. PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich.. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass "

if there be any.Washing .. "
Valve Hose Etc.
old silk ,in beer is said to For our Rural Home: ON'T think because you] .
give i it a, lustre! almost. equal to that SQUASH PIE.-Peel and stew the have failed in the past,tha WRITE FOR ESTIMATES. '

possessed,when new. squash, put through a seive. For every you can't grow roses, suc- "
Kerosene will soften boots and cup of squash, two eggs, well beaten, one D cessfully. There will be no '
Geo. S. :Hacker: & Son ;
tablespoonful of flour, one cup sweet failures in the future, if -
shoes that have become hard from being milk, half cup of sugar; mix well, bakein you get,the.famous D. &c. 1lAN1J'FACTtmEU'OP'\ ',',
wet: and render them as pliable deep pie plates with one crust. If -- ----

as.ever. scarce of eggs,'use but one, or three for AND ROSES -m'.c
Twelve pounds of peaches, six two; pies. Same proportion of milk, etc., .CO -
for pumpkin pie. A spoonful of butteris Oar new Guide to Rose Culture (0 o.
of and of vin
pounds one pint.
sugar gives you explicit directionsforselecting
an improvement for either one. CO ;
is a good proportion for pickled and growing the very 9L lIl
egar GREEN TOMATO PICKLE OR Cnowcnow.One choicest Bowers of every kind. We
peaches.To peck of tomatoes washed and C send it Free,if you request it,also s-:
remove ink, stains from wood, trimmed, (need not take all the skin off) a Floral sample Magazine copy of, our interesting 4P: 0

use strong muriatic acid, rubbed in chop or grind fine. Mix in one cup of, "Success with Flowers ,, C ,-
with a cloth; afterward wash off wellwith' salt; put in a sack and drain, over night. The Dingee & Conard Co., (.tj.. r to-,
water. When drained add one large head of West Grove,Pa. ] o 1 :
cabbage, chopped fine; one cup grated o, fa'
In boiling.meat for soup use'.cold horse radish,-two' red peppers, chopped; O sr..s :.
water to _extract the j juices, but if one tablespoonful mustard seed, one tea- v
the meat is wanted for itself alone spoonful each of cloves and cinnamon, :

put, into boiling water. .. ([tied; in a sack or piece ,of. muslin); onecup'of'su FERRY'SSEEDS And Building Material.

When washing fine white flannels 8r, arid vinegar enough to CHARLESTON. D.I .
cover.. Put in kettle and heat thoroughly.
add a tablespoonful of pulverized ., Pack in a jar, put a weight on it and ,

borax to a. pail of, water; This will tie up. NANNIE. .Are just what every I FraUdBuE FrUilWtappers, .
keep them.soft and.white.. I sower needs. The merits -
A pound of sulphur b.umti a DEVILED of Ferry's Seeds I .
CIIICKENSinge a young, form tbe foundation up-
tightly closed room will :destroy plump chicken; cut it open in the back: on which.bas been built tbe NO MORE CHEATING.Consumers .
largest seed business In the world.
every living thing in it; from moths draw and- washit, quickly ,in, cold water.! 'Ferry's Seed Annual for 1894 of Fruit Wrappers may
Rub one tablespoonful of salt all over,it,: contains tbe sum and substance of
and bed bugs to possible disease know that they get an honest ream
now
tbe latest farming knowledge. Freo
and it in the with ..
place roasting pan the for tbe asking.D. of 480 sheets and,not 400,or.320 sheetsto
germs. J breast side up. Put a spoonful of'butter, M. FERRY & CO., unscrupulous dealers
as some
When decorating ..rooms for reception in small pieces all over the chicken, and Detroit, Mich.. r ream -
use one .kind of flowers for place it in the oven: to roast. As soon as supply.

each room/ as roses for one, carnations it has obtained a light-brown color, add OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"PrmtedWrappers ;

for another violets in another one pint of boiling water,'baste frequently are put up in packages .
: -
and let it roast till tender. In the
and each '
of 1000 each, Wrapperis
etc.The meantime place the giblets in a saucepan -sgY- in .
numbered, printing, consecutivelyfrom
leaves of the..peach tree, a, few with cold water; add half a spoonful 1 to 1000.' No one can
at a time, put into the boiling; milk of of salt,and one'onion? and, boil until 'the YoUR s_
custard or, blancmange and removed giblets are tender. .,Then'take them out, R HONESTLY BEATour

before it cools, i shape give a deli- chop them'fine and set aside. As soon'' s prices. Send for samples and'prices
as the chicken is done, transfer it to a I ," -
cate almond flavor.If. hot dish. .Remove the fat, from the &siStabf's to .. .

.doughnuts.are cut out an hour gravy, and then mix one tablespoonfulof ..- THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO-, .
before\they) ,are fried," to. allow a little cornstarch with half a cup of water, Double Acting Ni ,
and stir into the Stir and cook i Excelsior Spray-; CITY N. J.
time for rising, they will be. much gravy. l ing Outfits prevent JERSEY ,, s ...
for a few minutes/ and then add the I Leaf Blight Wormy; not deal in unpriutedwrappers. I
,lighter. Try cutting; at night andfrying giblets and the water they are boiled in, J f I yield Fruit of Insures all Fruit a heavy and: N. B.-We. do :
,in the morning: boil and strain. Pour the gravy all over Vegetable crops. Thousands
.. tife chicken, and lay some fried oysters .\catalogue in use.and Send full 6 trea.tiseCD eta.for
"- Soft
STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO, ) around the edge of the dish, with small epraymg. Circalara free. ( Belleview PhosphateBest
"I .LUCAS COUNTY,. !JM. sprigs of parsley between them. \ WM.STAHLQuincyHNerve /.\ fertilizer ever sold in'Florida for

; FRANK J. CHENEY; makes oath that quart,CREAMED of beans BEANs.-String slantingly arid into cut pieces one, fruit trees and vegetables.

=: he is the senior partner:of the firm ,of place them in a saucepan and cover with Blood '
:' F.. J.: CHENEY & Co., doing business boiling water. Add one-half tablespoon- '5 Price reduced this season? to five

: in the City of Toledo, county and fnl of salt and boil till tender ; drain in Tonic BuilderS dollars per ton in Carloads!: ,.

State aforesaid,. and that said firm will the colander; melt one-half tablespoonfulof '>>-{-
butter add one-half tablespoonful of ...
DRIEXh9GcROITI: ')1.
the of ONE HUNDRED
pay sum ,
flour; let fry.for a.few minutes and add S '
DOLLARS for each and every,case of one cupful of hot milk, stir and boil three : TD -'.:' .
; catarrh that. cannot, be cured bythe: minutes, add'' the beans and one table- t : .., r. .... .. .
j use of HALL'S CATARRH CURE. spoonful of finely cut or chopped parsley; : SACK D ;.:; -

j, FRANK'J. ,CHENEY., then serve.
ORANGE PUDDINGS. Oranges are a 4 1 4 for for full particulars to
!! Sworn to before:me and subscribed, descriptivepamphlet. Write
healthful fruit for most and thereare
people,
I in presence, this fifth day of December "
my : many waysof.using.them. besides the 6. s1V1IT 4
1886. Dr.50e. .WILLIAMS' ; ;,
. usual method of eating them raw as a .
:I -, dessert. A good pudding may be made MEDICINE CO., General fflanageF/Jaeksonvilie, 1=1a. "
A. W. GLEASON; from'six ordinary sized ones, cut into per box. Scheriectady'N.Y. .
1 |{ SEAL}\ Notary Public. small pieces, sprinkled with one coffecup- 6 for S2.50. and Brockvlllc.Oat, '
I ful of,sugar and left to stand one hour. Acme Hotel
.., '-v-! Boil until well cooked, one'pint of sweet BATTERSON & CO. ,
Hall's Catarrh Cure,is taken internally milk, one-half cupful of sugar; one l large NOTICE TO ORANGE SHIP European Plan.. n
pi and'acts' directly' ,oh the blood. tablespoonful of corn starch,'the yolks of; IMPORTANT to Buffalo,N.Y., one of the No.Ill, ,W.Bay St., ,JatkaonnGkjia?
markets of United States,remember : with furnished,apartments -
the andsugar. unsurpassed Reopened finely
four
andpour
, mucous' surfaces of :the eggs over oranges
and : system.Send the;Old Responsible, Reliable and Promt 1 ,
clean nice beds
with 50critpLper
; ,
: ,
Beat.the:whites the eggs to a Commission Merchants who advance.liberally j
; /or,testimonials;',free.: : stiff froth and spread, on the above; and dont sell at auction but direct 'retail.trade day'each person Good'dining,room .
,. :CuENEYr&CoIToledo O. for all i in in them. &Co.. 167-169 Scott with'moderatespiice& T=:
..a v ,LF. I sprinkle on aJHttle sugar;and put'into the Batterson in same block .,
St., Established 1868 ex
.,.Sold by druggists, 750. oven to. brown... .>. 1, -To 4 be' served cold. S aralc. l\jtf -25 years R. L. CHADWICI_ ,:'#"

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r.i, 122 THE; FLORIDA FA MER AND FRUIT-GROWER. -
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'r." '4i S. po\V.!!iRS,..........................Editor. The New Departure. of one man an unlimited capital andan PLAN OF ACTION.
;y., P. O. Address. Lawtey, Fla. .
r" "u The organic: manifesto of the unquestioned routine power. Let An Heroic Remedy DemandedTo
k' .....' that in the season
* A. H. MANVHXE, Staff Contributor. man busy
$ r 5S2252S5E! =s.=2i2; :: s=:=: = committee 'appointed by 'th.e'' Ocala have his office in which he shall be as the Fruit and Vegetable! Growers of
CONTENTS. Convention merits and will doubtless the President of Florida.
t', unapproachable as
Gentlemen-In accepting the appoint-
r' TaA1fII'OJlTATI01Ice HI; Keep the receive the perusal of every thoughtful the Pennsylvania Railroad. Let him ment by the convention of fruit and -

":' Iron Hot.................................. Its grower. It has a sound of busi-- have immense wall-maps of all the growers, held at, Ocala on the vegetable 6th

;r":,'. GK.OVB Standard AND Crates OJlC'Ju'IIn-Bamboo'..................Culture.........; 116 ness. railroads of the North and all the inst., to prepare an address to you, we
. Methods of Marketing; Fighting; the Weather orange districts of Florida. Let one feel keenly the responsibility resting, up-
: Fertilizers and Fruit; Good Words It is earnestly to be hoped that its on us. We should be glad to throw the
$' be closeted
or rapid telegraphers
more
.' for Florida: The Orange Situation.;..... 117 burden upon broader shoulders, better
t councils be guided by a spirit of
may with him to transmit all his orders
,
t FARMER AND TK.UCXKL-Seasonable Work; fitted to perform the task. The pressing
t, Watermelons............................ 118 wisdom, that its results may not be a instantaneously by wire. need for action, however, admonishes
_. Tobacco: : Culture; Palmetto .................. 119 do his and
to will
* repetition of the volcanic upheaval followed Even if there should be whole train every man duty, we ,
',. POULTRY-Setting the Hen; t OUR RURAL HOME -When the Moon by the complete subsidenceand loads of fruit leaving the State whichhe the laid
discharge obligation upon us.
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......
For Florida Mothers 120
f. Hangs Low; cannot control let him least
t:' Things Worth Knowing; Recipes............ 121, oblivion of the old Orange Growers' at Let us first inquire into the cause of
know to what city and to what house the present agitation. Why was a con-
:, EDITORIAL-Situation on the Pacific ; The
Union. That splendid
was a
*'. New Departure; The Orange Growers' every one is destined. vention of fruit and vegetable growers
r Destiny Palmetto Berries; Plan of AcM I of held at Ocala? Every tiller of Florida
.; ................. ............... 122 crusade, growing out a high resent- Central packing houses all over the soil l knows that he is staggering under
=e t .i Oranges; Fruit Exchange Bulletins ment and a noble popular enthusiasmin State should buy outright or receive i
"t ............, .. ..... ................. 123 for and the of burdens which threaten to crush him.
;,' '- ., Auction Sales; The Freeze in California; attacking organized wrongs; but it grading packing crops We produce through faithful labor large
r Vegetable ;Market.................!. ... 124 allowed itself through misguided all growers willing to trust this syndi crops of beautiful ,fruits and vegetables,
letter-from Major Campbell.... ............. 125 cate. Telegraphic orders from the yet we receive but a small percentage of
, e4 leaders; to be swung against the wall Northern towns for car-loads of fruit what our produce brings. We believe
i Weather in Jacksonville. and it smashed there is something radically wrong in
was to pieces. could be filled to the letter because
4 ,
,7 .!. this. We believe we are unjustly suffering,
". .T. S.S. be 1.1'I 38AT The Florida Fruit Exchange is far there would be a universal standard of and that we have within ourselves the

1 .' *. m A S 3 a ell I gg from what it should be, far from what packing.In power to institute methods and put in
I' _GO _* _:s _s _frg the course of time even the com- motion machinery by which we can reap
f Feb 13.......... 55 6) 71 54 17 62 00.0Feb we hope it may become. But it has mission men and small independent the full benefit of our efforts as agricul:
,.. 14'......... 62 74 79 51 25 66 T in it the root of the matter has done turists. The panacea for our troubles is
'. ...... dealers would be work in har-
.. Feb IS.,,. 54. 46 55 46 9 50 0.28 glad to organization, as expressed at the Ocala
Feb 16..--....... 34 43 52 33 19 42 0.00 than else commend
more anything with this central
powerful figure
mony ,
Feb 17.-........ 41 62 68 36 32 52 0.00 meeting.
Feb 1& :?....... 62 61 66 58 8 62 0.21 the name of Florida to the businessmen because, through his universal knowl- THE PLAN OF ACTION.
.........
6x 66
, Peb 19.- 63 73 59 14 0.58
,- - of this Nation, has served as a edge of the movements of fruit, he The convention held on the 6th inst.,
; Mean... ... 53.. 58.0 66.0 49.018.o 57.0 *i.oj could.cause it to flow out evenly over chose a committee, of fifteen to formu-
Total rainfall. ... model for dozens of other fruit grow- the land, as the waters of irrigationcover late a plan of action, and the following is

T-Trace.. ers' organizations, has a history and a substantially what was reported to and
the field and of
:: E. R. DEMAIN, Observer.. prevent a glut adopted by the convention:
body of traditions, an impregnablerecord oranges from overwhelming A in Gal- "The purposes of this organization are
Situation on the Pacific.As veston B in Minneapolis C in Bos- to the exercise of
for probity and a vast strengthin or encourage greater care
'shown in our market reports this in.the cultivation of Florida productsand
the confidence of the
is not at all a subject exultation* ;" people. ton.Instead of abhorring, we rather like their preparation for market, to secure -
The FARMER FRUIT GROWER favorable conditions for transporting
AND more -
these :frosted will demoralizeall "
oranges the term "an orange trust. The
and insure remunerative
the markets of the country, for will heartily labor with this new departure growers need some strong central such products."Section pricesfor

weeks.. .Every right thinking Floridian in all wise ways, and it does power which they can trust. They 1. The organization shall con-

has an ambition to excel the Califor- not,care a pin's fee whether the or- have confided in themselves and in irresponsible sist of local unions and State unions to

nians at their best, and believes he men too long; they have composed of representatives from ,the
headquarters of Florida are keptin several local unions. _
:':. can do;Jtj; but to beat a frosted orangeis ange nearly made shipwreck. ,
"Section 2. All growers or resident
no glory. ,. Jacksonville or not. But it does shippers of Florida fruit or vegetablesshall
.
..- hope to see this movement adhere Possibilities of Palmetto Berries. be eligible to membership in the
At a meeting of the Fruit Growers"Association
local union and become members
to business methods whichare may
in the Opera House Hall, strictly Thomas J. Keenan, writing in the upon the payment of such fees as may

De Funiak Springs, the subject for combination and solidarity; enlist- Druggist and Chemist, has this to say be agreed upon'by said local unions, and

discussion was packages for fruit. ed in an attempt to make stronger of Mr. John M. Dixon of Titusville: subscribing to the by-laws, rules and

The general preference expressed was He makes.four'preparations of saw regulations of the association.
what we already have and not in a "Section 3. Each union shall organizeby
for four-basket ''crates for peaches palmetto, viz.: Fluid extract, oil,
; destructive antagonism. the election of a president, vicepresident -
five-pound baskets in crates for grapes; -.0- "powdered oil" (oleified powder), and secretary and treasurer.

and new barrels (not dirty, second syrup, and does a considerable export "Section 4. When ten or more ,unionsof
hand ones) for pears. The Orange Growers' Destiny. trade both in the ripe berries and the not less than ten members each shall

PSI The esteemed Times-Union editori-- pteparations referred to. have been formed,, union No. 1 shall issue -

The California Fruit Grower, in its ally tells the orange growers a recipefor Speaking of the saw palmetto, I am State a call Union for,a fixing convention the time to and organizea place ,

;. description of Napa County's displayat sure profit in their business which convinced, from observation, that the for such meeting. .".;

the Midwinter Fair, says that as fine may be summed up in two words- plant possesses valuable propertiesand "Sestion 5. Each local union shall be

specimens of corn as could be found cease consigning. This reminds the uses which only await development entitled to one representative, or one

in Illinois are on exhibit from Napa reflecting reader of one who should to be the means of starting a members.vote in the State union for each ten

county, and as good potatoes as grow attempt to tell mankind how they may number of new industries in Florida Local unions shall, immediately upon

anywhere. Mr. Wood, the superintendent infallibly scale the white tablelandsof Thomas J. Murray, who is a newspa- organization, report the date of organi-

claims that it is easy to pro- Paradise-desist from sinning.But per man of wide ex; erience and a zation and the names of members to M.:

duce 'a ton and a half of corn per, we fear mankind wiil go on great authority on subjects gastronomical E. Gillett, Weirsdale, Fla.wb0 secretary of
the Ocala convention will
acre in Napa county, and some of the sinning and the growers will go on was most favorably impressedwith the several unions which, one is entitle

potatoes on exhibit weigh seven pounds consigning until the temptations thereto the condiment value of the pal- by reason of priority of organization, to

each. Apples, quinces, oranges, wal- are removed. And how shall theybe metto berries, and it may not be long fill the time and place of the OrganIza-

nuts, almonds and dried fruits of every removed? This is a free country, before our congressmen and senators tion of the State union.

kind are there in profusion, and are the mails are open to all, the roads will feel the vitalizing influence of the Inquiries for additional informationwill
be promptly answered by M. E.
the best of their kind.. carry men, every whither, and brass drug, as Mr. Murray has supervisionof Gillett. -

The Florida Canning Company are for the manufacture of ,stencils is the congressional restaurant at The foundation, we believe, for success-
abundant. Washington and is contemplating the ful co-operation has been laid, and it '
.erecting large building on the-wharf,.
r rests with us all as fruit whether
of Palmetto growers ,
at Ft. Pierce for business purposes. With the greatest respect for the production a Mayonnaisefrom we succeed or fail. The plan is simple.-

,' The first carload of good for outsiders excellent gentlemen who recently the powdered. fruit.. By uniting we at once clothe ourselves
brought down by the new railroad held a convention in Ocala, we are S -- with the necessary power to correct existing -

:' was for this cannery.-Juno Sun. fain to put on record the observationthat It is estimated that there will be evils.
'
we have no more faith in pop- about 100,000 barrels of cabbage at CHEAPER TRANSPORTATION. :

Dispatches from Washington state ular organizations, unless, indeed, as Evinston and 40,000 at Rocky ;Point. One of the great' benefits-to be secured ...

<,' that F.. B. Moody, president of the an auxilliary or a feeder to some pow- Gainesville Sun. by combined effort is cheaper transpor .
Tobacco ,association, is endeavoringto erful central force. PSI tation. There is food for thought in the i
that New York flour
influence the Florida delegationto Let the Florida Fruit Exchange, or One merchant in Quincy has pur- fact merchant can ",
send from his city to Jacksonville a car
'favor the retention of the McKinley any other body of growers as* eminent chased over 2,000 barrels of home- load of flour at less than one-quarter the I

', duty. ,on tobacco for probity: put into the hands made.syrup this season.. price charged- the orange. grower. for the0' :

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.. THE FLORIDA FARMER.AND FRUIT.GRUwER.A.. 121' -
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$ :
k. same car, filled with oranges and hauled Movement/of Oranges. W. C. WII,!,. ESTABLISHED 1876. A-F.JONES. M

:... back over the same roads; and the orange Since our last report it is estimated that :
loads and unloads his at
grower oranges
185,000 'boxes of hare left the
oranges WILL&JONES
his railroad at itsexpense a
while the
: own expense,
State, of which number the various
loads and unloads the flour. ,
steamers carried 90,264 boxes.
away .
When have bound ourselves together
we
The South Portland cleared for Phil-
for our mutual protection, when we are I adelphia Sunday with 6,400 boxes, and
Wholesale Commission
Merchants.
in
stand shoulder
ready to shoulder to a
the,John G. Christopher for New York,
close organization, we can then secure ,
Sunday, with 5,000 boxes:
1c from transportation lines the very best The Clyde Line steamers carried'out, We: make a specialty of handling Florida Fruits and Vegetables in car lots.

,service Human at the the lowest world possible is about rates. .35,000 boxes of oranges, 400 bales of Headquarters Buffalo, N. Y., having agencies in NAW York, Boston, Philadelphia, :
' nature over cotton, 1,000 packages of vegetables and Chicago. Pittsburg and distributing from Jacksonville, Fla. Reasonable advance ,'
the same, and so long as we continue to ,20 refrigerators of btrawberries.By made on good quality of fruit at Jacksonville. .
act in our individual capacity just so steamer there were takt'n out 3,762 Shipping instructions and stencils forwarded on application.

long will transportation lines continue to ,packages> of vegetables. The Yemasee REFERE. CE.-First National Bank, Jacksonville, Fla.; Bank of Commerce, Buffalo ,-
exact from: the ratee. But let
us highest carried out 560 cases of tomatoes broughtup N.,Y.; Dun's and Bradstreet's agencies.
the ten thousand fruit and vegetable by schooner jrom Bay Biscayne-a Correspondence solicited at Jacksonville.
of Florida and as .
growers organize move
new departure., WILL & JONES
,
one man and they could dictate termsto .
every opposing interest. Has it 99 W: Bay street, Jacksonville, Fla.
ever occurred to us how different our Fruit Exchange Bulletins. 58 and 60 West Market and 119 and 123 :Michigan St., Buffalo., "
.
,.,
fruit and vegetable business would be .
managed were it controlled by a single JACKSONVILLE,Feb. 16.-We were some .J.
;t individual? How long do we suppose a what apprehensive at the time our last ESTABLISHED 1869. :
i\ man with an income of $6,000,000 to $10- bulletin was issued that the heavy in- ;
: 000,000 per annum would submit to exorbitant crease of shipmentswould check the rising R. w. :ixnccNMr. : & soar, ,'r. : t
; transportation charges? Unless prices, but it affords us much satisfaction .
COMMISSION .
be able to that the MERCHANTS, :'
to
i satisfactory terms were made with him report now .
\ he would own his own transportation prices have not been affected in the least; 190 and 190* Duane St., New York. Y: ,' ;
; lines and transport his produce at cost.: if anything they are improved.All ',
Florida Fruit and Vegetables Strawberries feature.
a specialty a special ,Quick sales and. ;
A saving ,in freights of 25 cents per box markets' report demand in excess of prompt returns. -- '
'. alone would enable us in twelve months the supply, and if it were not for the fact Reference-IrvingNational Bank Bradstreet Commercial Agency. -_ ,
r to build and equip' the finest line of that such a large proportion of the fruit .
3 steamers afloat. All fruits and vegetables ranges in the 96 to 126 size better results S '.-'
r shipped' eastern markets could then be would be secured.
handled by the ,growers at actual cost. Tangerines What would we think of the financial supply and all good'stock sells readily at BARNETT : .
s ,
;ft ability of a man who would pay to teami satisfactory prices. .
i sters a profit equal to the value of all his Grape fruit still holds its lead on prices BROS. 159 South''Water.St.,''Chicago, .

i I teams? And yet in effect this is precisely and more is wanted. DEALERS IN FRUITS. :" '
FRUITS : ,
what we are doing, and the worst of Mandarins still slow sale, although an :
it is we,continue year after year in this occasional lot of fancy stock in good condition CHICAGfe We respectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetable':''
short-sighted policy. does fairly well. We are now making a specialty of ..
:
: BETTER HANDLING OF PRODUCTS. TELEGRAMS. ORANG S ,

!{ By united effort we shall not only be Sale to-day ranged 1.30 to 2.10; average and invite correspondence on >Markets and Prospects. '

[t we able shall to reduce secure transportation better and more charges careful,but 1.65.(This Demand sale embraced good. 213 boxes; of this We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points. ,

t of We ,have all number 122 boxes ranged in size from 96 National Shoe Leather
handling our products. References, by permission:- and Bank, New York,
( learned by bitter experience that'where a to 126)). the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan. and Trust Co/
profit might otherwise have been realized Good sale to-day. Fruit, fair qualityand ...
!) to the elements and rough condition. Sold 1.12 to 2.25, and1560"boxes

!' hauling have caused a loss. Under ex- averaged 1.75. Tangerines,
f isting circumstances the farmer must 2.75;' :Mandarins, 1.40; Grape fruit, 3.48.
,( submit to and bear meekly all burdens Prospects good. Sell Your Oranges at Home.

''I laid upon him by the transportation Sold eight cars to-day, the average.be- ,;
f ing 1.72. Market firm. !
lines, but as a member of a powerful organization -
-' he is placed in a position to Two cars averaged to-day 2.19 and 2.27 If YotxJacksonville Cannot .
r. command respect. 'I respectively.Sold ,
;
r. Another benefit to be realized is the I your 5000 boxes to-day, 70c to 3.t)0) ; x
I purchase in,'large quantities of every- average 1.75. Navels, 1.80 to 2.70; grape The fruit Auctioij ED. .

thing used by fruit and vegetable men, fruit, 95c to 4.12; Tangerines, 2.00 to
and the distribution and sale to them at I 3.70. Weather terribly stormy. Offers the Quickest and Most Reliable Means of J Disposing -;
.. actual cost. We can buy paper cheaper I Just sold 5 cars at2.00 to 2.70;averages
by-the ton than by the ream. Nails can 2.44, 2.21, 2.33,2.21 and 2.32. Tangerines, of Fruit.
"It be bought cheaper by the carload than 5.10. ,
by the keg. We can avoid glutting, the Jacksonville, Feb. 20.-Following are
markets and have our produce forward the telegrams received since our last When fruit cannot be sold here at a fair price, will forward to best Eastern
only so fast as it can.be sold go at re- issue. or Western markets, and sell at auction (only one commission) and make advance
,,", munerative prices. We can also preventthe TELEGRAMS. of 50c to $1.00 per box, on good fruit, here, as to general condition of ,market
shipment of green fruit early in the Fruit in today's.sale showed decay in Sale days Monday, Wednesday and Friday;' returns made on day of sale.

t. season, which very harmful. some lots. Sale ranged 1.00 to 1.60; aver- For stencils and information address

I In short, we believe that! by combined ; age 1.35. Thos. f? Tours m'g'rr.TOORANGE .
ri effort we can make a saving to ourselves Sold 1600 boxes to-day at 90c to 2.05; ,
,.r. of more than a million dollars the first average 1.65. Navels, 2.20 to 2.35. Tan-
: year, and quickly place our fruit and gerines, 2.00 to 3.30. None choice, more
li: vegetable industry upon a safe and profit- or less decay.
;_ able basis. Let us, therefore, organize We sold three cars to-day at averages: GROWERS.
and preserve from destruction an. indus- 2.27,2.20 and 2.34.
try into which we have put our capital Eight cars sold to-day at average of
"" and many of the best years of our lives. 1.75. Receipts light and demand fair. is and
Our Jacksonville office, No. 94 West Bay St., now open, shippers desiring
"'. Let no man who would see the return to Sold four cars to-day; 2.19, 2.20 and market reports or other information with regard to shipping, will kindly communicate
.. prosperous conditions hesitate and feel 2.20 are respective averages. Tangerinessold with me at that address. '
that the organization will somehow get 3.50 to 5.10. On receipt of shipments of good qualities of fruit in. Jacksonville, we will advance -
Ji along without him, for it will be impossible Sales to-day 50c to 2.10; average 1.39. from 50 to 75c. per box to those that request the same. Checks proceeds
: for a few men, however alert and Fruit large and in quality and con-
; poor are mailed direct to every grower in Florida within 48 hours after the sale in NeW'York.
'
:. active they may be, to succeed in any dition. I solicit support and shipments. '
: action for the benefit of the Car 2625 1.51. Some lots your
growers unless averages un- "In order to raise the standard of packing of Florida oranges, we propose.to
r !\\J. the great mass of growers themselves sound. There is a good demand for offer a prize of $100 to all that send. ':.
can be banded together into an impregnable sound stock:
union. Last shipment large fruit in good order; Not Less than 300 Boxes of Orangesto
'k: Whatever may be conveyed by this selling 1.25 for large and 1.50 to 1.75
communication, its central idea is organ- small sizes. us this season. The winner will receive a certificate to the effect that his fruit
it ization.. If you disagree with its partic- There is a much better feeling in our averaged the best gross result during the season, and in addition'to that a check for
ulars, do not on this account withhold market. Prospects are good for better $100. This is offered wholly for the sakeof, endeavoring to raise the standard of
t.1' support from Its general purpose. Let us prices.Today's. grading packing and careful handling on the part of shippers., The average at the
.' meet and reason together concerning sale contained much decayed end of the season will be carefully made out of each and every,shipment that we
what is best to be done for our languishing fruit Sold 65c to 2JO; average 1.50. receiveAy." .. .
.. industry. F. C. BUFFUM, Navels, 1.65 to 2.05. Grape fruit 1.00 to correspondence directed to New York will receive prompt attention.Ii. .
r ''-'{ RoBERr BULLOCK, 325. Tangerines 1.50 to 3.80. Bulk of LL
GOODS
I' :
; W. M. BENNETT, fruit common quality.We ._'
._. ,So H. GAITSKILL, think the outlook is favorable, No. 94 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Flay
: .ti' .' Committee, hence advise shipments. .. and No. 103 Park Place,N. Y. City.;:;
steady .:.
, al\ \. X T ;, :'. ;,. ...;,'. .:
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124 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.. J'J
4 '- --. -- _--.1 -..---. --. . .

"r.. .- ... l1" ... -. I" .
,
( Latest, by: Telegraph.. ,
{ WANTED AT ONCE !
L New Y or -:Feb.. 21.-Oranges-Indian
and Halifax River; fancy bri hts, 2.75 to
3.00; other brights, selected'sizes, 2.25 to 10,000 'BOXES: OF ORANGES': hw.

2.50J!;' t g tlines.1.75to 2.12;,russets,
Will bay or receive on consignment.' On receipt of consignments in Jacksonville we will ad-
selected Sizes" ,1.15 to.2OOi.straIght; lines; vance from Fifty cents to One Dollar per box on good quality of fruit, if requested. Returns made .,'
llSd to 1.75; tangerines,: 2.50 to 4.00; day following sale. Wire or address for stencils, etc., '.

mandarins,. 2.00 to'3.00grape; fruit, 2.00 N .\.
to"4.00; strawberries, 20c to 35c; beets, D. F. VALENTINE:: 4.' 'S.

,- Florida and Charleston, per 100 bunches,
4.00 to 5.00 crates 60c to 1.00 cauliflower Care "The Everett," Jacksonville, Fla.
,
: ; ; For McLain & Co., Baltimore, Md,
;:, 3.00 to 5.00 a 'bblr; cukes, 3.00 to References-Citizens Nat'l Bank of Baltimore.
':.. 5.0 a crate; 'egg plant, bbl, 4.00: to 8.00; --.---

I boxes, 2.00 to 4.00; peas, 2.00 to 4.00 Feb. 14.-Five ,carloads of bright and I baskets have sold largely at 2.00 to 2.50
crate; siring ns, 1.50 to 3.00; squash,
I I' 1.50 to 2.00;; lettuce Lf bbl baskets, 1.50 to russet Florida oranges from 2.00 to 2.70, when prime, some extra marks up, to. Shortest rr uiciest. .
'' '2.50i bli-baskets, The to 1.25; tomatoes averages as follows: 2.32,2.21.2.33,2.31, 2.75 to 3.00 and poor stock has sold down
;
) choice
'.. earners, 2.00.to 3.00.PALMER. 2.44. One car ofcommon to Palermo in instances to 40 to 50c perbasket. Chas.
.. RIVENBUEQ & Co. ,'Messina and Catania lemons from bushel basket seldom fine and ranging
..,._. 1.50 to 2.15. One car of California Wash- from 50c to 1.00, a few marks 1.25. Most AttractiveROUTE

Jacksonville Fruit Auction Company's ington Navels, fruit rather pale and sour> New Orleans'moving moderately in,range .
sold from 1.80 to 2.10,average about 2.00. of 2.00 to 4.00;,really fine,would commandmore. .
Bulletin. Florida:lemons barrels, 2.25 per bar- Boston has sales from 7oc per doz.

.Thomas R.: Towns says: rel. Sweet potatoes, frosted, 1.50; tan- down to, 1.00 per barrel according to ,

Fruit has now grown to such size that, gerines, condition good, 5.10 per box. quality. Squash-Florida white squash BETWEEN -
No grape: froit'or mandarins in the mar- scarce and firm at the extreme prices
in sixty would fill a very
cases
some oranges,
,
ket demand Florida Points and the North.
box. Still, it would take about ninety, good. quoted. Tomatoes have been more ,
BUFFALO FRUIT AUCTION Co. plenty from all points and weak with
th'ese' to weigh as' much as a standard THE
box. prices,steadily ,declining and [favoring

es.to-day.-show: fair,bidding,and,Jair. Philadelphia, Feb.: 19.Oranges: 'uniform 4fe,,: marks of choice ripe of Florida and
1. prices. Tangerines sold at 2.75 to 3.00; bright, fancy, 150s to 250s 2.50.to 3; 96s to 'size and 'color slightly ,exceed Central

navels, 1.50 to.;,2.25; Halifax, desirable 126s,1.50; 2; Russets about 25 cents to quotations, but top figures extreme aS a

k 4 counts, fancy,. 1.35. ,to 2.00; best small 50 cents below above; choice' 150s to 250s rule for; average best offerings. BeetsFlorida Peninsular i
r4.. russets, 1.10 to.1.25;: ,brights, L20 to 1.30. 1.75 to 2.25; 96s to 126s 1 to 1.50; grape ,and Charleston l per 100,bunches
fruit desirable counts 2.50.to, 3.25 tangerines 4.00 to 6.00 Florida crate 60 to 1.00 .
t' ,Have received,the following averages on ; ; ; VIA.VIKE '
,: reshipped fruit since l quotations: 1.55, 3 to 4; mandarins 2 to 2.50. Bermuda: ;,, crate, 50 to 1.00., Cabbage-: .. ; : ;) .. 'r;;.I't.

}t:. 1.66.1.75,1.75:1.77, 1.62, .1.70,1.80., ,In Vegetables-Egg Plants, bbl, 6' to 8; ,Danish, per 100 6.00 to,9.00; domestic, old, CITY MHCDN
r' addition received: to-day the following Cauliflower, bbl, 3 to 4* cabbage, bbl, I per 100 3.00,to. 5.00; Florida, new, per bbl- ,, .
1.75, 2.50 tomatoes box 2.50 to 4 crate 1.00 to 1.75 Cauliflower Florida
( advices Market very active on small to ; ; INN '.
f frui t. = .,. string; beans 2.50 to 3.50; green? peas 3 to per bbl, 3.00 to 5.00; ,Egg Plant Florida; ATlifiNTJI,;
, . 5;' squash 1.50 to 2; cucumbers 3 to 5; bbl., 4.00 &8.00; box 2.00 to 4.00. Green TO

\ ,. .B..ZI.': GbodsilB Bales.: lettuce, basket. 75 to 1.50; strawberries, Peas-Florida, crate, 2.00 to 4.00. Let- '
r refrigerators 25'to tuce-New Orleans, bbl., 2.00 to 4.00; Nashville St. Louis'and Chicago,
\<', February 1.2,-650 ,boxes,California or, 35c.REDFIELd }
&.SON. Florida, prime, J bbl basket, 1.75 to 2.50.
anges. Ravels, 2.15 to 2.00; seedlings, With but one change of sleepers connects "':
1.75 to 1.60: also 600boieiP1orida fruits .,. ', Onions-Havana, crate,.2.00 to 2.15; Bermuda also at Atlanta for NEW YORK and KANSAS
} ;
r' crate, 2.,, ,00 ,to 225. Peppers1 CITY. The Florida Central and Peninsular '.
r part arrivingexJenn. R.R. and partex. The Freeze in ,California.The Havana, carrier, 2.00 ; to 2.20. String has nearly 700 miles of track running through ;

. 0ecanSCo., ; ,golden :russet oranges, San Francisco Fruit Grower of Beans-Florida: choice 3.50 to 4.00 the t
: 2.20 to 1.60 fruit 1.50. ; ; Tobacco Regions, 7;
; Feb. 10th ''Private advices show to fair to' 3.50.: Stock
t fi< 13..aOOO.1.: boxes of, 'Sicily says: a prime 1.50 SquashFlorida farming Clnd'Dcdry Sectlcmt'Peacn.
February bad condition of affairs in Southern Cali- white,' crate, ;1.50 to 2.00. Tomatoes and Strawberry Lands, s
fruits S. Kate prices as follows Banana and "
landing ex $ Orange Pineapple Country
;" .Messinaiemons; fornia, frost damage snowing 'up alarmingly. Florida, carrier, 2.00 to 3.00; Phosphate Belt.- '
t. ; 2.35 to,1,00PaF ;" Frozen oranges bought at 25 cents Key West, carrier, 2.00 to 3.00; bu-crate, Has the Silver Spring and -!
lermo )lemons 2.55 to L20 Messina
oranges
: ; per box, are shipped to all parts of the 1.25 to 1.75; peck box, 50 to 75. ,Other fine Scenery. '
t ,;,130; Palermo oranges,.boxes, 2.35 This The Great,Hunting Country., ,
will
" to 1.75; cases, 4:121to: 3.50; 600 boxes of country. demoralize the orange Reaches,the Noted Fishing. 9rnd.... :{ .:
trade. The of frosted ..
i California oranges, Navel/v selling.at 2.30 quantity orangesis St. Louis, Feb.: 19.Strawberries, Has the best lands for' tillage, greatest.variety
estimated at 2,000 cars. In this market of soils in the State, and above all _
,
to 1.45 and seedlings, 1170: :to 1.15; 500 choice, 20 to 25c; soft,less; oranges-For
boxes of > |lor1 da.fr4ta..part'arriyi ea.<< large, fine looking Navels are, being sold selections1 and repacked on orders Runs over the Central .Rldge'lancl: 1. ,'
( | t at 20 to 25 cents'per dozen. This fruit we ,Where It'Is High and Healthy;. -1
Clyde Line and Ocean, 8. Co. prices;as :': Florida brights 2.00 to 2.50
quote ; russets towns
shows plenty of juice, but is lacking in Prosperous fill Its route and it offers
follows: oranges",2.20to; 1.45; grape fruit, flavor and shows under the 1.75 to 2.00; C WashingtonNavels the best freight facilities,for any produce to .,
2.85florfa'a oranges,: ,.50;cents. skin at: the navel some end. decay This class of fruit 2.40 to 2.75; Mexican, 2.25 to2.50 the Northern. markets. Send for the' popular
February 15. 900" boxes of Florida' box. Sales One Florida various Bong'J
-
":' car ,
: fruits, part landing ex. Penn. R. R..and: offered for sale in the East will give Cal- per sizes, at 1.80 per box, delivered: Tangerines FLORIDA, .. ', "HOME, '. ::,",' #
ifornia a' black Choice fruit sells at
Clyde Line, prices as follows: Oranges,. eye. -Light supply, good demand and with.,its spirited words and beautiful music} ::1
fair but frozen fruit will
prices not
poor, descriptive of an actual Florida' Home,and
2.35to 85c; .half boxes, Tangerines, 1.50 firm at 3.50 to 4.25.per box. MandarinsSell : 1
as a rule. shipping this which is gotten up In elegant style-Six :
pay expenses sea- pages 1
to"1.10j; ; 'hal' :boxes, Mandarins 65c Florida at'3.00.to 3.35.p box. Grapefruit: ,
;; ; son. The auction sales well attended of full sized best music paper,containing also !
'ranges,' barrels3.62J'to').37}; Flor- '; are -Supply'light, demand good and prices a picture of a home in Florida and,a,hunting :..
and
prices"fair. "I scene. It'is mailed ,on'receipt of 10 cents(in 1
ida ions; boxes, 50c. better. We quote: Florida bright, 3.00 "
I stamps to of distribution '
.... pay expense )
.
February 16.300: boxes California oranges to 3.25; russets, 2.25 to ,2.50 per box.: ,Send also for ,the best .map of Florida(sent 1
prices ranging, from 2.45 to 1.95;; Vegetable' Market.unchanged. Pineapples-Supply light and 'demand free) and note the towns on its route. f
300 boxes Florida ,granges arriving. ex. good at 1.75 to 3.00 per doz for extra and A.o.MAODONELL: ,apA;, "'
Florida Jacksonville Fla. -
,
Ocean S!S..co.,prices, ;2.20 to'1.75. ,.Cabbage more 2.25 to 2.50 for,No. 1. ;'
plenty .and'selling very slowly at 1.00 to
'. 1.50 occasionally per crate or a trifle 'VEGdA LES. New beets, 25 to 30c The Florida Central l &
Will & ,,Jones' 'S les. i 4
more. Long Island and Danish offerings doz; cabbage-offerings not large, de- : ,,3.

Feb.J5.-'Vill, & Jones,of Buffalo' N. greatly: neglected., ,Cauliflower-California -: I mand good and' prices strong; we quote: Co.
Y., maijeasale.of'oranges from ,FJ ridaconsi&ting offerings .are'moving slowly; at Holland, 20 to 22 per ton; Louisiana,'1.85 Peninsular) R. R. .

severalcars'at from, 3.00 to unchanged prices: Quite a sprinkling to 2.00; Florida, 2.10 to 2.25; new Cali: Offers to '
is the fornia red 3.50 to 4.00 : Selections ShippersThe
highest pricethnthaaabgexrea has appeared by express from Florida. per crate. -
; 1ized this season! The Quality
fl s' l Bhipnient:d of strawberries ,wag .received good and;selling upto,4.50;to 5.00 per bbl I per crate;, egg plant-salable at' 5.00 to BETWEEN
the past weeK In not very good and 2.50 to.3.00per.basket; poor neglected 7.00 per bbl and 1.50 to 2.50 per doz on FLORIDA ;'
AND.AliIi
conditionand} sold $rqmv,60, to 3Qcperrlipz and,has no ,settleduvaluej: .,CucumbersNot orders; cucumbers-culls sell, at 25c; '" POINTSillT:.
? ,., Floridazca1bage2.50: to .per;, enough3loridtti.arrlvi\; ig to establish fancy southern,'1.00 to 1.25 and hot-house THE EAST. AND WEST. .
crate., We' ,have. had a blizzard; here values; ;Boston and which still exists and the snow is piled demand at). 1.50'toj2.jQ&' ?-i9 qzen when sells at 1.00 per bu box; Southern, 3.50 to pany handle,,1s the better:equipped\ than ever;ever, to

uP, .;n\feethigh\on\ the sides, of,, the choice: Egg-plaitf has/ .cohturaecUn'lightsupply 4.00 per bbl; tomatoes-receiph.lightand insure close Orange connections and, Vegetable.and prompt Crops despatch, and

roads, which has delayed ranges and andof.irregular :.quality.? .Fancy demand good ndprices'firm: ;' we quote: to all Eastern and Western Markets.. s.,

other fruits in transportation' and the firm and occasionally\ bringing a premium Florida, 6-basket crates, 350.to 4.50bin; Through, cars to destination without -

markets arg L,steadily'advancing._ but" ordinary: quality;slow 'anduncertainin ;; b&es,1.50 to 2.00. change: or delay. y:
price. Green Peasn-A few choice i peas The navel orange has fallen from grace 'Perishable freight 'followed by wire :and
Bilflaio Auction Sales.. mJ>yeicpress::; have 'sold ''readily at'full' and seen its best days. For years it.has shippers.adviSed,time passing-:various Junction -

B'inalo,'i'eb. 9.t ':-Five' cars Florida 'or- prices but., common: dull: |,.and- neglected. been an expensive luxury:-selling away All claims and for arrival overcharges at destination.and loss prompt. :

n..g@d- n\2.00'to.{ ,averages as fol- String: Beans have met an active demand above the figures offered for any other ly adf usted. '

Car cli6ice"2.36'-2.' ; 40' 2.06.,aniaOlemonel; ; and rule,!firm!'for'choice. Monday supply or nge.before the public. The Florida 'See'that' your' goods are: marked N
sin ad'd C t was short1' and 4.00 to 5.00 waS easily orange: is'now selling! from 50c to 1.00 a via"F..''C. &'p.:'R.:R. ,

BOld 2.10 to'2,55,! average 2.29."PinMp- realized, but since then 3.00 to 4.00 has box above'the price asked for.the beautiful For:infptmation! call on or address the. undersigned
pies, 14'' to( 16c i. One car of! 'Calif61 rirl: prevailed'for choice i with''defective drag- ; i1dl Scinatirig navel. Chi agQ'horises; :- "

WingtoNveTde.. : (l ap1d"froini1.Q0, ging ari.pOto2.00'' per crate. Lettuce- quote choide'to fancy'Florida oranges3.00 C. E.'TAYLORTrav., .A'gt,Ocala,Fla. ,

7to5c2'39t.aye. 2.b6.:'")One"car of! cabbage! ; Offerings from all points vary widely in to,3.50 per box. and the finest California W.-B.G.;)!;5 TUCKER PENTTrav'Gen. A'A'?gt't. Orlando Leesburg Fla., Fla. ;,
b JJ on.' 'TJrl f'fonicmSpoor' ,' quality and value, and while fancy is riavels'2.50: j>t erlox) ,''and'the prices ruling W.H;FTILT.EBjTrav.A'g't, TamIrV-
70'W BOo:per! barret> ;*' 'geiiii,4.20. to meeting an active demand common stockis here correspond'with the"sitaatioiT'else- OrN.S. EENNINGTON. ; FIa

4.70. greatly neglected. Florida half barrel where P. M. KIELY, W,: H. PLEASANTS,General Jacksonville Freight JLgf


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. 125 :'

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t V V V '''L Hei--rroi Major: C mpben.Rdltor It does not seem to me so, any more I restaurants, etc., that seek his' fruit'' NIMAI- :;:MEAL makes*hens fay--. 'write-to E.
W.Amsden Ormond,Flat: ;for information.:
Farmer and Fruit Grower: than Florida goat meat would compete and would not have the Italian as a .. 4 4

Now, Mr. Editor, I never said it.Indeed with Virginia mountain mutton. 17ORICUTAWAY HARROW prices, address B.
V1 gift.Now S. Hubbard, Federal Fla:,State Agent. .
: Points
1 never said:it. That there something wrong about Mr. Editor, let's ,close this by --21-tf off V.J.1"FOR .

Why, sir, if some of those old ,ant the Florida orange business I am for stating one solid fact. Don't you: SALE for cash,time or tiade"?-;orange groves, ::

cestors of mine who have lain..so long one painfully aware, but I don't be- know'that the strongest competitionthe Fla. "and timber lands. E.: RUMLEY' 3-xi-i6t,Keuka, .'

undisturbed in their six-foot tabernacles ,lieve high protection the remedy. lean, sweet arid wholesome"fruit i

should get 'hold of your paper ofthe How is' it that everybody who Florida has to contend'with, is LOUISIANA GRASS-(pasture paspolum grass pZotyeaule,for Florida.), .

loth and see where s touches an orange gets well paid but the thousands and thousands of boxesof Cuttings at$1.25 a barrel, f.o.b. W.H. POWERS, ,
Lawtey,Fla. 6-24-iot
make; me say, after preparing a dinner th"e'producer ?" V V .. ''vacuous acid fruit,:"sb sour that it '

fit for a king, I had gone and put fa The laborer' cultivates the grove is'', fitJfbr'ndtHin& but lemonade, thatis THE LAKELAND NURSERIES Citrus 1.
roots. A com-
on sour or grapefruit
pitcher of skimmed milk on the table and gathers the fruit is paid such a shipped from Florida every fall fullya:11lonthorsix plete stock of all standard varieties of Orange

they would get up and shake their price that farmers have to leave:\heir: : weeks before it is atallfit and SEEDLESS Lemon Pomelo Trees,,and making the Seedless a specialty Tahiti of Lime the,

bony fingers at me. farms uncultivated,becau-e they can't for use, and long before any Italian with 75,000 Grape Fruit Seedlings for grove setting -

I 'No, sir;, I didn't' say it. We,don't afford to:compete in price of labor, fruitf'bothers' ?" Loquat,also Plum Japan, KelseyPlum Chestnuts,,another.! Persimmons deciduous,

skim the milk and clabber 'we' put and by the time the oranges' are'gotten Now suppose' petition.the Senate trees' and plants., r C.-..'M. Marsh_ ", Lakeland' Polk ;
Co., Florida; ii-4-m .,
on our table. That might do up in off the negroes don't care to work committee to incorporate into the :
for Year .:
Kentucky i J 'where they have,nothing but the farms for"a: less price. As, a Wilsorf'bill that the Italian,:shall pay WANTED-A.,_ purchaser Pear-Trees: 2,500 f 35%Thrifty?Ho 8. feet at ..

blue grass,and'clover; but down here consequence'there"is not' one acre'of 50 cents and the Florida' shippers of ,$35.00 n-i8-tf per; 1,000.-BI-W: ; Partridge, MonUceUoj :;'

where we;',have, such nice, rich: and ,farm land cultivated in Florida where. green,fruit,,the other 50 cents, or don't J
BARGAINSan'Florida: Fine 9"iear-obt
sweet young{ ,wire 'grass after the tops there'ought to be a hundred. you think'' 'we had better make: the! BEST ". young grove' ;',first<'ilass' ;vegetable V.and

have been burned; off; 'the cream is The man who saws your box lum- Florida green fruit pay 75 cents and ,culars., Phosphate J.< L.Derieux.Lands., ;LakelandFla.Send for descriptive, 128t cir-,

too good to skim off tb, make 1 butter ber, gets big ;pay; thee one- ,who makes !then 'we"'can break'that'up: t.. = i.-. ,V

t and ,we heave never been without the boxes'gets big pay;; 'those who I don't know "wliat'the tariff.is on' ill MACARTNEY for sale.Hedge'M.ltosc O'NEJLL, Plants,; Fairbanks and- CUttings ,-, .

k since coming to Florida. We churn assort, wrap and pack the fruit, get peanuts, but I believe that I am. justas Fla. ",' JIu13tJ

: milk and all just as it comes from the big ,pay; the transportation companies much entitled to a dollar a bushelon PURE Brown. Stock Leghorn the Eggs.best. $Cheaper .than R.PUDDY .

cows and find ',it, pays, particularly and the commission men get the hem as.I.am that amount on. my ,,Lawtey,Fla very 11-25-161

after the cows'partially, dry up, then biggest of all, and the orange oranges; if'so; I w nt.it, and.if;,I was, NURSERIES.: 'Peaches. Pears, ,_

r what they give seems to be all cream. grower by the time he pays all this, not as good a Democrat as I am, I RIVERSIDE, Persimmons, Apricots,,..,.Al-
,
I saw a man buy a box of con- and in many instances excessive in- would make a'fuss'aboutit, before. "that,. mondsa, Figs Dancy Mulberries Tangerine, Loquats Oranges,Pecans;'.GrapeVines ,Sat

densed milk to-day, made up in New terest on the,money to draw this, Wilson bill'went'through. V and Roses; prices reasonable;catalogue
free. .A. DANIEL Glen St. Mary, FIa.121612t .
,
i J Prop.
Jersey. Just think of it, the poor, gets nothing, and is the poorest man CHAS. W. CAMPBELL, SR.,

barren white sands of New Jersey, in Florida. Campobello Plantation, Marion Co."CENT BEARING Orange Groves for Sale on Lake

where they have not.one acre of grassto Now there is certainly a great dealof are guaranteed to pay next', year
from ten to twenty-five per cent. net on. tb_in
where we have five hundred, sending money used in the orange business, -WORD" 'COL UMN.A vestment. Also wild and cleared lands under
milk to Florida, which has 'to be but where does it come from ? fence, suitable for orange or general cultivationr:
i To insure insertion in this column, advertisements For further particulars, address Boa no-,South-
mixed with ,water before it can be Echo answers, where ? must be accompanied by the money. Lake Weir Marion Co., Fla. 12-30-61

As I have repeatedly said before in Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. Wants25r: ,ooo p.' atndard.varieties
used.Don't Postage Stamps received in payment. .
STRAW .1,00o0,000Hoffman,
you,think there is something your columns, ,this is, no, new thing Count every word, including name and address. the great ;6ontheni> berry;

wrong about that? Well, how will to. men who helped' to tramp down LateatNoveltyforl894.Mag- earliest, largtst, firmest, mostprofitable.Q.'W4
MARSHALL BERRY 'BLACKBALL,
we remedy i it? .Don't :you think we the ;nettles of. the west. It was j just / nificent finest fruit.ever Largest grown. and 14 Kittrll,N..C. 2-i6-iot ,
,
had better' get; :the ,government to the same with beef, hogs, grain, but' STRAWBERRY berries fill a quart. .,
Took first Five! Prizes from Mass. Hort Society FOR HATCHING.-Pure' White Leg
"protect"! some way? ter and eggs, fruit and vegetables.aslong ; Boston in 1892, and again in 1893. EGGS single or rose comb; also Langshans
Well, ,tjy George! (now I don't as the producer consigned his Deep red, solid, delicious flavor. Flower per- $1.00 for 13. W; II.; STEACY-- ,Thonotosassa, Fla.
fect. $2.50 per 12. $16.50 per 100, postpaid. 113lot
mean that for, "cuss words") I stuff-when they stopped that, the Priced Catalogue of) Strawberries and all Deco-
'""read.Mr. rative Hardy Plants, Shrubs and Trees at low SALE1 Orange and Lemon Trees on
have just E. B. dealers had.t t to have the stuff and FOR
George'slittle rates, sent free. Large.stock. stock. Write for prices to J. H.
talk in, last paper. Now, that's couldn't do without it, and were justas B.,M. WATSON, TURNLEY "Excelsior Nurseries," Lake Weir .
( wHat I call; talk with the bark on- greedy to get it either at our own Old Colony Nurseries. PLYMOUTH. MASS. Fla. 12iGistv
I WILL SELL my Grove of three acres,which Turkeys, Pekin Ducks, Indian Game
wliat more can be said? doors, stock yards or stations; and has just commenced to bear, for 700 dollars. and Langshan Fowls and Eggs,at reason-
Why, Senator Allen of Nebraska, I Iwhotalked the competition wits more active, and Located on elevation, two and a half miles from able prices. Mrs. W. H. MANN Mannville Fla.
Pitman, Lake county, is fenced and contains a I2-l6-tf
fourteen days on the silver when you sold, you had the moneyin house 15x30. Seven additional acres with place.
For full description address W. P. KELLEY, Mid- two years old Orange and Lemon Buds
LARGE
question, never said half as much to your. fist,, so.you could,go.and..do landfFla.- '- .... '2-24-4 each. Three-year buds 30 cents.
the point why Peffer himself couldn'tdo something else. Grape Fruit and Tangerine buds 25 cents. Other
;, PURR Light Brahma, Brown Leghorn and trees cheap. Nearly all on sweet stock. Write
it. Why is it not better to leave your Turkey Eggs for Hatching. MRS. C.GOMPKRTS. for prices. LAKE REGION NURSERY Co,, Au-
back farit have the than be. the Lady Lake. Fla. 2-24-6 burndale Polk county Fla. i2-3O-8t
Away so seems to; oranges on tree to at
been ante-diluvian-before there of and WANTED-citrus Trifoliata Seed. CHAS. E. FOR SALE C1I.EAF.-Thirty thousand grape
gathering shipping "
was
expense .
Fla. 2-24-4 aud 30 thousand sour seed bed stock from
any railroad over the ,Allegheny : and then ,lose them ? 12 to 20 inches,high. Grape fruit$S per thousand.
PERFECT SPRAYING NOZZLE:The MeI -
A Sours $ i thousand f. b. S. :M.
3' per o. cars.
Mountains, when they use dto bring. The: dealers, transportation companies I Gowan Automatic Cleaning Nozzle is the STEPHENSi Lakeland, Fla. 1-13-71
salt from Kanawha and the can't do with; most satisfactory.*yet-invented. Economizes in-
on pack-mules val-
'people
,
time, labor and spraying material. Price, for aU POTATO SEED.-Peruvian, Vineless,
ley into upper Virginia, I went to an out your oranges, and wouldn't if purposes, $2.00; for trees only,$1.50. Complete SWEET. ,pk. $i; bushel. $3; bbl. Jio. By
Irish pedagogue in a log schoolhouseon could. practical spraying outfits of best ,material selected mail,pound;4oc:3; lbs. $Ji" JULIUS>SCHNADEL-.
they after
several
years experience. S. A. BACH. Grand Bay, Ala. : 2-i3-st
.. the' Cacapen.River. Let it.be once fairly'understood not CUNNINGHAM,'State Agent,Altoona, Fla.

*In those'days half you .learned was another box'will be consigned and the 2-24-4 W H.has:MANN a fine lot'orManville of Orange; ';Putnam Trees which Cap he,
No. A. C. C., who made
,
'whipped into you with a hickory withe transportation companies and the deal- EUROTAS. in 2454 eleven J.months, had a number 778 will sell cheap. Write him for prices. i-27-iot

and you ,didn't forget it. I ers will come to*terms'so; that, buyers ;IJersey.ofdescendants grades of-that this itood-at.strain; for the,sale World's by WM.Fair.B. USE TILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS
i One of his favorite Latin phrases he' will come from all parts and take the SCHRADER, Waverly Farm, near Tallahassee, grow fat all and stock.sleek.Will Sure make cure any for animal"Salt eat Sick.and"

c used to. write. on .the. blackboard, fornew fruit., Florida. it It is given as a drench to animals that will not

.beginners' -:"to translate-- was, ," Vox I; know gentleman who is verymethodical ;; .HAVR you for a Jersey Hot Air'Grade:Incubator Stock? 'you Write wish W. B.to eat. and'nearly For sale at.L'Engle'aDrug every town;' It in Storeyjacksoityille Florida.'* Trial'packaiCwill : -

pppuK) vox Dei* in his, orangebusiness.' as SCHB.ADKR, Waverly..Stock Farm near 'Talla be mailed'you for.35 C nll. W.G.
hassee. it TILCHMAN, Palatka, Fla.. ioo-iot
He didn't know but,few others but he is in everything' has been very '
for Hatching of Fifteen varieties: AL- "DERKSHIRE J'igs, 'Poultry and Eggs. CatJ -
*
EGGS
what he did know. he',whaledinto* us'\, successful in the management: of his I. FRIES, St. Nicholas. it logue. M.&.$.-RENz.:Bridgeport, Fla.

so we never forgot, and when I Heardthe orange grove as. he has .been.i in all ICROSCOPES.-Perfected with double lenses 2-3-10

"voice of the people" last fall, I things:else, has always'sold.his.oranges y insect.holdermagnifying500'timein ONE TON CASSAVA SEED.-Fresh, strong
o volume. JN.icely i-mounted,.Jor F.rwt.andYeg ,...: ; 100 feet 80 cents; 1,000 feet $7.00. A.
did it establisheda
the has
not forget was "voice of for because he
a profit table! Growers" for detecting scale and other mi- Z.ARMOUR. Panasoflkee. Fla. 2-3-
God," in tones that thundered, "tariff reputation for having fine fruit and nute insects on trees and plants. Regular price RAPEVINES.-All leading varieties. Send
M
reform." Some, )however, seem to for handling,it so it always carries in .First one dollar.order.as Agents sample to wanted any postoffice in every fifty locality.cents. ,_ for:price-list. E.-DUBOIS-. ,-Tallahassee, Fla.

have forgotten good order; who is1 now selling his Address J. CHAFFER' ,Candler,Fla. 2-17-2. 2-10-4 '

This thing of paternalism means fruit, f. o. b., for $3.00 to $3.50. Still FOR EXCHANGE.-One of the best river farms WANTED.-Agents to sell, the C.best Goebel's and Patent cheapest
y
and ,.Onio for.first-class orange or lemon made. For information address GOEBBU&;
but one thing that is the he of the at the .
con- was one. gentlemen
"
grove. Will sell for cash.:Address' Ohio, care Co.,'388 Second street, Memphis,Tenn. 8-17-4
sumer has got the burden to carry. Ocala meeting who want $1.00 pro- Farmer and Fruit Grower. 2-17-5 SAIE.-Hand-plow-o cheap. Brand

f Can it be that this Italian fruit of a'prtain tection.? Now: don't you see.he doesn't TO Close Balance of Stock, 1 offer Peaches FOR S.P., Lawtey,Fla.TANGERINE : .

.and'vacuous, acidity," such as need any protection? Why? :Because ,prices.: Plums Bine,Pears trees, Roses and good etc.,at assortment.greatly reduced SUMMIT Seedlings.for sale by G.'F.Bi/i!

roil, describe; is really a competitor the fineness'of his fruit and',the methodical -NURSERIES,Monticello. ,Pla. 2-10-3 A;:.LARD. McMeekin.;Fla.: -+ *f r;'I-i3a1ot

,against.the-' 'clean,"wholesome, sweet 'manner in which he handles'it; CASSAVA Seed for Sale- .-75;cents.per-zoo feet TARDIFF and-Satsuma, superior tree 7fiftT'x; >f
free in Jacksonville. M. CHESE- stock about two inch. Very low
ruit- o"f Florida?" insures him customers!; such as hotels, BRO.Flummers,.Fla. 2-17-3 price. G.Rows,Okahumpka, Fla. 2-17-1

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.. .",. ATLANTA PLOWS .,) 1

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IF ';. MANUFACTURED IN THE SOUTH. ._>;i

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k. L Tlie. South, is dependent solely upon its Farming and


r Manufacturing interests for prosperity. Now, don't you,

s a Southern. planter, consider it your duty to patronizeS


:. Manufacturers, everything being equal ? .

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Te manufacturers of ATLANTA PLOWS guarantee.-:

''I MAKE everything equal. Vfe/
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HARDENED -" a
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t STEEL h S ( y r CRUCIBLE.. 'I...:'.

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MOULD .'..,,:" .-;(: ::. STEEL ,
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TLANTA.CLIPPER. STEEL BEAM PLOWS


.
ARE UNSURPASSED. ._
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WE _HAVE ALSO CHILLED PLOWS, CAST PLOWS, ,

..,.',:"-, -': BLACK AND STICKY' LAND STEEL PLOWS ,= .HO;; ...
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.: -" :. :THE. BRAND ATLANTA PLOWS IS A GUARANTEE OF EXCELLENCE. i: '
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; WRITE US AT ONCE FOR PRICES. :
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tHE SOUTHERN. AGRICULTURAL WORKS- '.t" 1

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P. O. BOX 48B. ATLANTA. GEORGIA.I : ,
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SAVANNAH LINE.Time Clyde Steamship Co. ; '


53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and frs

f between Boston,and Savannah,' 65 to 70 hours. NEW YORK, CfflffllgSTDM INN FUqiDH UNES. ,



OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed _'

to sail as follows,'calling at Charleston, S. C., .
Ps3sss Qe Rete.' Both
ways : '
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion 143.so.; (STANDARD' ms s.) ,
Steerage $12.50. From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier E. R. STEAMER .
)
Florida.
11 Jacksonville: and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion,-$47.301;:Steerage, $I.25 Friday, 29 Jan 26th. at 3 pm ....... ."AIGONQUt".... ....Thursday, Feb ist, a. 1:00 pm _
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Tuesday, Jan.3ot, at 3 p m............. .uDELA WAKJ:/ ........Sunday, Feb. 4, at 4.00 am. .
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Tuesday Jan 3oth at 3 pm............*"YEMASSEE" ........Monday, Feb 5th, at 4:00am : :
I, [Central or goO Meridian Time.] Wednesday, Jan 31st at3 pm..SEMINOLE"......... Tuesday, Feb 6th, at 4:30 am'' =
City: of Birmingham................................................ Tuesday Feb zoth. Friday Feb 2, at 3 p m......... "IROQUOIS" ................Thursday, Feb 8th, at 6: oam
Nacoochee........ ....................................... .: ............. Friday Feb 23d. 6.oop.m 8.00 Monday Feb Feb 5th at 3 pm..CHEROKEE"( ........ Sunday, Feb nth, at 8:00 am : .
City: of Augusta... ..................................................... Sunday Feb 25th 9.00 a.m a.m Friday Wednesday, Feb 7th, ata pm......... "YEMASSEE".ALGONQUIN".Tuesday........ Feb 13th, at IOJCam ,'" .
Kansas City.-...............................' .............Tuesday Feb 27th n.oo am Feb oth.ats. at pm ....... *"SEMINOLE"\ .......Thursday. Feb i5th at 12x0 n'n .
City of Birmingham............... ........... ....................... Friday Mar ad, Monday Feb 12it1 3 pm.......... ........ Sunday Feb i8th at mop m
Nacoochee .............. ........... ................................. 4th 2.oop.m Wednesday, i4th. at 3 p m "IROQUOIS" Tuesday, Feb lath, at 420: a xa
Friday, Feb
City of Augusta.................................................... ..sundalda, 6th,12.30p.m Monday Feb 16th at at 3 p m."CHEROKEE".Thursday.......* ........ Feb 22d, at 6.00am
Kansas City...............................................................Friday, Mar 9th 5.00 6.00 p.m a.m Wednesday, Feb iglh 21St at 3 p m ........ALGONQUIN""YEMASSEE" ........ Sunday Feb 25th, at 8.30 a m
City of Birmingham..... .................. ..........................Sunday, Mar nth, 3 pm........." Tuesday, Feb 27th at 10:00 a m I
q.ova.m Friday, Feba :
Nacoochee..................................... ....................... Tuesday Mar J3th S.oop.m Monday, Feb 26dh d.ata at p m..........* SMINOL.Thursday......... Mar 1St, at I2:21'21
City of Augusta .....................................................:.. .Friday, Mar i6th, Feb 28th, 3 pm.,....... "IROQUOIS" Sunday, Mar, 4th, at 2:00 p m
Kansas City................................... ..........................Sunday, Mar 18th, ir.ooa.m i.oop.m Wednesday atj pm. "CH2R0K22.Tuesday., Mar 6th, at 4:00: am ,,
City of Birmingham....................... ........... ........ ...-...Tuesday, Mar zoth York Direct. "'
Nacoochee...... ............./........... ........... 0...................Friday, Mar 23d. 5.oop.7.ooa.m to Delaware For New will not ;
r City of Augusta........................ ..............................Sunday, Mar 25th 8.00 carry passengers ?;
Kansas City...........................................................Tuesday, Mar27tb,8.3op.a.m "
t; City of BIrmingham......................................................Friday, Mar soth, 12.30 p.m ST. JOI711 RIVER IL: .
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.

City or Macon .................:......... .............. ..............Thursday, Feb
Gate City.................. ........-................... .........." ....Thursday, Mar 1St 22d,7.ooa.m, For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points'on
j t Cit7of: Macon ....................................... ............-.ThursdayMar8th: i.oop.m '
I Gate City....,............................. ............................ Thursday Mar i5th 5.30p.m the St. Johns Rrsrer. .'h. :..;ft.1 ?., _
City: of Macon.......................................................Thursday, Mar 22d 11.30a.m
I Gate City........ ...............,.?.....................................ThursdayMar24thIt.ooa.FROM 6-oop.m.m .
The
elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers '
i. ,....
SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. : '' -
"Oity. of .
f"a.oksoD.V' .
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This does
( Ship NOT Carry Passengers.) ,
Dessoug................:.................................................Wednesday, Feb Capt. W. A. SHAW, ">:"
Dessoug...................................................................Saturday, Mar 2ist 3d, 6.30 a.m "l3'red'Ic Doary '.;
Dessoug.... ................... ........................................ Tuesday, Mar ,3.00 p.m : M .
Dessoug.......................................... ........................Friday, Mar 13th 23 e.sop.m 9.30 a.m Capt. T. W.LIIND;]a., '
J. THESE PALACE STEAMERS Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville daily except. Saturday at 3.30 p.m., and from Sanford
daily except Sunday, at 9.00 a.m. .
i Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the SOUTH BOUND
... Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. Read down., SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUND ,.

Through Ticket and Bills Savannah.of Lading For issued information to principal and rooms points apply North to, East and Northwest vie Leave., 3.30 pm............ ........... ....:Jacksonville...... ...........;..... Arrive Read up. ,'
J. P. BECKWITH Sol. Agent W. HAWKINS Fla. Pass: 8-30 pm.................. ..............Pa1atka.............. .............. Leave If-4S 7.00 pm m
i 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Agent .CI. 1.30 am.................................Astor.............. .............. 2.00 p m
R.I,. WALKER, Street Jacksonville 2.45 am.............................. St.Francis.......................... aa P m.
I New Pier No.35, North River, New York. City Exchange ,Agent, .44. 5.00 am..............................Beresford........................... 46 12.45 11..c.s P eo m.
Building Savannah. Ga 6.ooam ............ .................. ;' .
'j RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf Boston. Blue Spring ....1................... 11.00am .'
W. L.JAMES Agent, it S.Third Street Philadelphia. Arriye.. 8.00 am................................San ord............................ ; :
1 J. b. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y. 9.15 am..............................Enterprise ......................... 9.00 9am am" f.
A.DeW. SAMPSON General Agent, W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville Fla
ti. 306: Washington st., Boston. W. H. RHET,.Generaf Agent General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jaoksonville .. i
For Tickets apply to S.. F. & W.Railway office. 317 Broadway New York. M.-H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York. .. : ;.
THEO. T. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York. r ,
1 W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED. 1875. J. B. BOURS. A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York. -:' .
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St, Jacksonville. Fla. :'. _
;I WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville, Fla. :J. :.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville Fla. '4:, r,


:! Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers 12 South WM.Delaware P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, _., : .

Avenue'Philadelphfa. 5 Bowling Green, New York. ti
,, ,
>so rir r 3 ST BAY //9'r.v TT}%..* *iyjEirf kTT" T"w -. .E. E'I.A. "

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple" Stock of PHILADELPHIA id FLORID STEAMSHIP CO" ::

Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat .
Grits, Meal. THE DIRECT PHILADELPHIA ORANGE ROUTE. ,

t Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark. SAILING DAYS m \,- '

r
STATE AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND From Jacksonville Through rates
BONE from .
Florida
to "
,. -
Trenton Wllkei-
i Insert-men YerHliler.Co. NITRATE SODA The Steamships -. barre, Harrlsburff, )
., Brigham and South Buffalo" Al b a n y.
Star Brand Fertilizers Portland will leave 'Seranton. Pitta-
.; MURIATE OF POTASH burg, Elmira Syracuse :
""!: '
every Saturday ,Rochester.
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH night.. .

Oraenge Tree and Vegetable s m m" ], .

i FEBTILIZBE. KAINIT.' Etc RATES ON ORAZGES FROM JACKSONVILLE TO PHILADELPHIA :

These Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will convince. j ;
*- '- -Send for Catalogue free. 35 cts per Box. 70 cts per Barrel.j y

J.. ,Jt'] r. N L. MARVIN

President. Excellent wharf facilities. Fast time.
g. IT.. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD. '

,or Cashier. Assistant Cashier. ,


I t: THE CAPITAh $100,000.MERCHANTS' NATIONAL. BANK Quick handling. Delivery in Philadelphia



JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, at Pier 8, South Wharves, in the very heart

Respectfully aolleits_you* Deposits Collections
It./ and Geneva l

r Banking Easiness.OORRESPONDENOE.INVITED.. of the_ fruit trade.

: For other rates and particulars apply;to. "' f<--, rl
-
DIRECTORS' .
*,.J'h\. L: Marvin, ..A.., B. ,Campbell, Chas. Marvin, W; A. SDHMItlE OP LB. DIEKHAH. -
T. W. Robyi ,
.. 'H Baya, ; Judge R. B. ArchibaldJJdi.'e ,
'.. E..:"M. Randall. a. C. B.. Rogers, W.' M. Davidson, Florida Ag't, Foot Newnan, (3 en'1 MVr, 155 Dock St, -

,Dr' H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldgra. Jacksonville, Fla. :-J Philadelphia, Pa.




+'' }
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...> .'...- .'" ..is-a.M>. ,,:.a..w1; _. 1--: ,, -,, $"'. ,......J. .J...: _-, ._



..\. .". .:\

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: -12 i**..*$. __ _, __ THE; .FLORIDA FARMER> AND ,FRUIT-GRO .. __-,_ ___ -_ .._ _


THE PAINE:: ; -FERTILIZER: CO.OF: cDK8N ENw'YOERKFLA'' ]:J


-- .. FAR'' : .IN THE- LEAD" THIS SEiA.S01 'tl.'
'THEIR'C.nrnBR.ATItD Brand of TRUCK'FARMERS' SPECIAL produced the first best crop of the year,and the patrons of this brand have been very successful and made large sums of' '
"money out'of their crops the past year. Messrs. G.-W. Bigelow and N.J.Anderson,of Bushnell,Fla.,started their crops of Watermelons into market the latter part of May
Mr.BIOELOW sold two cars in New York,through Sgobel&Day,for$456.00 first car and$530.00 second car-The highest; price ever realized in New York. He also sold one car in Boston for
. $500and other caw, at fancy prices. No Brand of Fertilizer, Realized One-Third as Good,Results. Write for.full information regarding our different brands of Special,Mixtures. -:
'J .
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, *'-(1',ft' :
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x. A FEW '.FACTS .FROM'FIGURING:- 3 I,

.: 'I IF. :XQU 94N produce a car load'of 'fine early melon ui iii our Truck Farmers' Special and.sell:at.;$300. or over per car :in New York, if

; is,it not) ,more: remunerative than using slower and/cheaper'.fertilizers .? Let :us figure : A car: of early melons that cut well will bring '4i

i iii:'New;York at least $300.: Deduct. $140'.(freight, ,$110; commission $30;) and you'will get $160 net proceeds. But
:iiiat.,is not.' carefully prepared: or adapted too the crop and, ,soil" requirements of the State you get your melons -into a late market and are f

" :&Bunate iT.tney'bring*,:freight 'charges :Say, however: ,' two .later cars,bring a. total of $ .09, you have double fr.eig amounting to $220, ;

and ,commission: $30, ::1 :yj..Ilg'.QPJy. $50, as your net proce Q$.-OBSERVE THE'DIFFERENCE' K

l : fit t.: !" '' DOES, IT'PAT TO. USE HIGH GRADE .FERTILIZERS',:IN LARGE QUANTITIES.? 4'

.' Y'i;, :': 1: By;;Writing t.ous;we.can. give;you some valuable) points on this subject and show.you how to obtain remunerativecrops.i

i :: ,
: .; 'If". T.H.E, PAi1WE, FERTILIZER .CO.9 n
, ..I !; ":We give"'Bemunerative,Crops. Others furnish Theory.. 'No.,'50 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE; :FLORIDA, 1

/ tedPthisur Insecticide and Fertilizer Jjime. prepared from O. S. Gas Lime, is giving splendid results. 'Write for copies! of the opinions. of those. .who, .. have( carefully.," .:l'
,8 article. "::1;"
"_;' ; We place only those articles on the market that bring remunerative return Drop us a postal for our"Special Opinion about"fertilizers o&a Prof tabl Investment ::1\ :,
ARCADIA, Frs, December-I3ti,)1893. '
, The Paine Fertilizer Co.,Jacksonville,Fla.: f i iGENTLEMEN.
.. .-I have read with much interest Prof.Pratt'sanalysis of your:O. S. C.Lime,reported in the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER of the 9th inst. I purchased two tons of you about three J5 a'
month ago and sowed it broadcast'over two acres of newly cleared up bay-head land. 'I have now growing over 4,000 cabbages, 1,500 tomato plants,'several hundred eggplants;beets;lettuce, canlfiowerrp!) ,fr
. ,, and onions all doing remarkably well.,'oil, of.which, I attribute to the use of your 0. S. O.Lime. Less than four months ago this garden was a.wet, swampy bay-head.:' I i have four acres now;to"dear ? f
" up and shall use a ton to an acre ) Yours truly, ,
: 'CROSS.
'
JOHN
'v- Just received a cargo of German Kainit,also large quantities of Potash and Nitrate of Soda and.western. goods. We have a large cargo of Potash(all kinds)and Nitrate Soda,to arrive during ",v 1
/ ," December,and Rill cut.under all prices. Drop us a line for quotations. ,(Mention this paper.) .jr 1,
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USE ONLY FERTILIZER 1 I
1rti.OllTll SIDE MANUFACTURING CO.D.Ji :
:> Manufactured by: the f
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..', '""A. :. .PETERSBURG. VA.. 'L.B. DarUngFertil.iZUJCO. 4 4OF 1i
-MANUFACTURERS
-:: -- OF THE- ,
.
7 ; ,PAWTUCKET: ,R. I.. / "" q
South, Side Fruit: Carriers and Shipping Packages.
: <

; : .' : If H'-you" _are_hH interested____ __.__ ,send, illustrated. .. ... catalogue- free. No Others Give Equal l Be suIts. .0. ;i 1'1
,. .... .. .
!.: : Fla. s i.
J< B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville
.
Lorenzo A. Wilson. W. G. Toomer. '
No. 8 Bostwick :Block Corner'Bay. and:Main Street. ; 5
<( Send for Pocket Memoranda Book. ,


.I ,; ,';,' '. ,..'.-:; '\. WILSON & TOOMER, Merchants'S'' Steamship GO;: .1"

''TffB.' FEI" TII1IZEl, ,, BLOUSE. OF Fno1ZIDA.
OF FLORIDAtrs.
.' ',.

: :,,- : ,STATEAGENTS, H, J. BAKER & BROS. COMPLETE FERTILIZERS. '- : John, .. iZhristopheFt_ ; _

. \ .... :W po1TB: JS ,OH PO ASK: FRP1 QE_: /IA1Y.Y .-_ and Elihu Thomson. ...a, '
'' 'TJP'CTURERS' OF BLOOD AND BONE. Are appointed to!sail from Pier 36, North River, every'Saturday.. From Jacksonville.every:'Snu-;*:i.:
*
:; day,to suit the tide. '', "
r t.! Rates. on oranges,300 per box: hoc per barrel. New York pier is.heated by. steam and is'located _
I in the center.of the fruit trade.. I' J .-
.4-
WE ALWAYS HAVE IN STOCK A.LARGE SUPPLY OF Rates from New York to Jacksonville are 20- per cent lower than other lines. Insurance I-s ofi "
_
- per cent. o!
W. H.CHRISTOPHER, W.H.COAT.2S.-AgeiJ.t,
: ': H. BAKER & BRO.'S General Freight Agent. Pier 30, North River,N.'Y. -;l:
:; :, J : J;;G.CHRISTOPHKR.General Manager Jacksonville))Fla;I] -r/-'- r" ::
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A.t. '!C I
,.. .. ':,,," :,:-:;; 't-: ....' Orange. Tree Manure. Orange, Trees: y

::'"k .' .Fruit and Vine ,Manure,

\ ;':, K ..' ''r: ," Special*,, Tomato Manure, Lemon Trees! ,

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: ;; Potato, and Vegetable Manure. '
:
d 1, '' -

. "-'..d J.;, : Strictly* Pure' Gbrotmd Bone, Sulphate of Potash,. The. Old ReliableBuckaye'Nurse; :

. : ;: W'W't$'U''t Ground'Tobacco Stems (Seminole Brand), /

.' . Kentucty/Tobacco'fr" : : .Stems J Canada. < I have on hand the.finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all'thejstandard va- i
:. "' Hardwood. Ashes, Nitrate of Soda,' rieties. Ihave; ,a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year, b'uds.froin fire. '
'
,.-, Cotton Seed 'Meal, Sulphur. to:seven feet high. I recognize _eJact.that: 'it'u. hardtimes: and propose to sell'at .,
: r' By 'Barrel'' or Ton.: hard time'prices.: : I make a specialty of the King,Orange. t'.
\t' '
I w. Write for prices. ,;,
.'. ., M.-E., GII Ij TT, Prop., ."'"
,
: .'. We.Car y'-Everythingjnth' Fertilizer'' Line,'and Make Weirsdale, Fla.:j.

.. ....
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.0'
, -- -,--;<, "'._ '". \ Low Prices and Prompt. ,Shipments... _, .. t ";; ,;; ,' 'The ]Deer .Is1i d N1..rser es.
"
. :::','.::' .. Office at Oakland t Ojrange,:Co., 'Jl- f ".
.;h. J..';> FOR CIRCULAR AND PRICES,WRITE Al.FUtt LINE.OF 1. "

-;.' : \',-; t'tli:" r'LWI'USQli' &. TOOv'E1( ,- CITRUS: AND OTHER :FRUIT TREES, r::.

'f: \f' r ,,* : : .., ) ,J .-' Ornamental,PlantSj.&c.! ,at prices to suit.the .times.. Write-'C1"i.quq\a\ tiol lon > .,
.. -. "VW .,, .,:-' -. j J"acksonvi.11e.E'la.. thing,you.want. >}:..,

.:....


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