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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
AND PRUIT=RO R.
$2:PER YEAR, WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH." R YEAR.
S. Powers, Editor. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, JANUARY 8, 1898. Whole No. t10* V. X* inI.
Phaa W Dflonta. Rnsinues Manafer. t. 1 To. -
THE POMONA NURSERIES
: :,log e for
Ready to Distribute Now.
One party write a3 f. iloww of our l .: st.:at -. .: **Will you please send me a epy of
your vatuable'N N-rIser Catalrogu.. I i a c.,py but flna.e ioaied It. I fnd so many intereit-
ing thirnis In it that t "do n't ir3i'h tO b.e without a er.opy."
Ouir new 1'e.9 Cstalaoue ntu co t in C lu to.: -. :. i reature, of the lIL7 caralogiue be ,eld.-
many new ,n:aes. Futly iiiurrated witb many rinfr PFtigra,'.LieJ vievWS. Weoitfea fau line
of Fruit and Ornamental Tree, and Snrubt- h-dnrted i.t So.uthier PlantingO.
Buy Trees from Nuii'eryimen who are Fruit Growers
Ererytbhing for te' South. Pear, Peach. Plum and Parsimmon. Citrus Fruits, Grape
Nuts. Ornamental. Ro-es, eti. 3') v.sariet ie'.
A miLtho.. and a balf tie-s. over .3uia auree. No better Stock to seicct trum. None so
large. Catalogue free. Address SE ES,
PO. D. ONA NURSERIES, .
The Griffllg Brno. Co., Inc., .uceeesors to W. D. Griffing. Macelenny, Fla.
SEEDS FOR FALL PLANTING
Bean.,. Refuge. Valentine and Be-t cr All, j,: 7 per bu-hel Golden W.x/Black Wax. and Ward-
wells, Kidnae Wix f7 t- per bUibel. Lettuce, CaLi'rnia Cream Si ., per pound Cabbage
$, o to s oa.' per p.aund. A full line of freib and retLabl. Seeds a low a- firn t cias- Seed
can be b.zhrt ilr. Florida and G..::rwi Rye and Ru-t Pro.f Orats. F For prcee and vaneue,
write for Catalogue to
X4. CAL%1EIR1OIV, Seedsmntan,
125 E. Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
The iluwaukee-Florida Orange Co.,
DUNEDIN, HILLSBORO CO., FLA.,
Offers to the public this season the finest C;trus Nurse'ry Trees g-rown in an experience
of thirteen consecutive years. The stoek is large and includes the following widely
known and thoroughly approved varieties. viz: Sitsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown,
Boone's Early and Centennial Jatla, Majorca., Rury Bl.oc., Stark's or Enterprine See.d-
less. Pineapple, Bomo.assa. and Tangerne. TarnIt and King, Dun(can and Marsh Seed-
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Fran:a. Lemorn matchielss Oblong Kumquat .superior
to the round. Bud.wood at all time- Prices reatsi.onabl:-. Prompt attention to cor-
respondents. Adl resalJ commuait:ne and make ali rerattancee. pay.abll to
Milwaukee Florida Orange Co.,
GRAFTED PECAN S,--"-
Satsuma, Mandarin, Tangerinq andKing Oranges and Seedless Pomelo, all on
^- __---TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.
Celestial FIgs. Mulberries, Peaches, Pears, Plum,. Ro.es. Grape-. Perainimons and
Ornamtentaid. Frerytring clean and bei.lthy and prices to suit the bard
times Send tror C Icatalrue.
C. H.-OIRARDEAU. Prop., Monticello, Fla.
SP NlPT HAEDIGREE SECOND CROP
SHaIts. Favorite, the c.-ming -
Straw berry, bst of 50 rarIetie3 the past season ; 21.I,0 Fine Holtman's: i
5(i,".n' TO dar:]. .-n other t,'l iea e at,-., 1. W rite for free eatau .u.. '
~rW -J. W. HALL, Marion ta.._ Md.
TI _U 0 W PRODUCE-
We TeceJve e d U ae -i car lod4 or amaljer l:t:,
all Produ cE 0Of la GARDEN, ORCHARD, DA [-
- a Fifteenth vear of Sue-
cr'essfui PAIR DEALING
/ ;;;' CA. boieest'Citrus Stock:
S t Tro,,pl'al andSema-'ITrop-
Sieal Fruits, Valuable
Eebnomic plants and
C ratrs, and Magnificent
S R E,' NNER and FARM. 1-Kraer Re rt.L, vi es.srub. etc.. ere
S Rererenceo, ei., ree upoappn .anon. Addra. Paihnsaapiee-iltry Send
SNo.'ilLiberry St-re., PrTTSBURGH. Renn-a. for large ilustrrated ea-
E MERS, BROTHER&` CO.
a .._. ...- REASON'ER BROtIERS.'- OMCO, FLA.
,. :. ._- _.
e' : :- ".!
!%V.. _= ,.-.:-. . '._.
..2~o na en a .a t -....-.-..- -_
- ; ,. ; ,. ;. .
A REVIEW OF OUR 1897 BUSINESS
Shows that for Nureiery St:ck ie received orders from nearly
every State in the Union. iccludirec lrc.es birpe-d to .4 dileint State Eerprim-nt rta-
tiorn througuoLut the U. S. W,' alo- bid large lideli from Mi.xiti. Wet Ird.Ls. 'Cential
America. South Am-rica, Austrain and New Zeaiand. and .mailer ones from Enlan.d,
Canada. '.ermany and s6vral ottier foreign countries.
FROIM OURl ORCHARDS o.,ir l.':i ihipmentu i were -*ll.iiiiii pounds ,f fruit, wntie, if it
bad all .beec i,- t at one timr, T ,:,jld r,'-cv mant,- r lery respr:tabrlie trao i.-.ad. The n-. -he4t
price r,-:ei\'ed. tor aU ythr- r- h fI .l.l' per ni.x fot'r 'Kum. uat It is n:,. leci t. ay thit w.
did Iut fae.a manr j ..,fcr [ -.: a ne, iLh,.d -we r&ad
COMMENCING WITH 18981.1
wv pre-pay fr..igbt on nurs--ry stoek :.:n all easu-I advance orders
..f 6.iN and upivard fliurd 'rI .satiogue rats tt all poi-it in rho Gulf States. Ti'is ii a very
,weeping 'omprebhusitve oler, aod, in mieg it .ur prince have not bean ras,.ld. We hare
300 VARIETIES OF FRUITS AND ORNUIENT&LS
adapted t... Florida and the Gulf r~eg-ion, and the .:-itiy war to make-sure :f getting trees
trom uc i- to older lrect. We empl,)y a.- ag-et. anrd Bae no .:- .:uneTiO-n -i.- tny other
During th fifteen year' that we hue rieen in the nrursery businiez. we bare never
recei-ed a claimm for tree i-intrue to lahel.
011 OrrespoO"lDenee Solicitel.
Freight Prepaid. I ata e Free. I No Agents.
Addre-- all Comtmuniratiorn to
G. L. TABER. Glen St. Mary, Fla.,
Propr, t.:ir Glen St. Mary NLares-ireS
THE LAKELAN.D NURSERIES.
WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.
MARSH POMELO tSeedlessa, JOPPA LATE ORANGE ISeedless). TAHITI LIME 'Seedlesst
SATSLIMA ORANGE iSeedless), EUREKA LEnION iSeedless).
C. 7M. 71M RSH. FROPRIGTOR.
ORANGE, LEMON, LIME AND POMELO TREES.
Send for Diaerptipe Cataloigu. LAKELAND. FLA.
An Unprecedented Sale
cf Gioeeries andr Wines for Christmas gifts I.
we will hare fri:.m now till the holii.jda are
copr. We ore offetiiu a splendlid line of
Fruit and Jeilih-e, with many hihtclAss nov-
eltie: si,.iable ti r if ts. at p'rie tha'f will
pltaSe Ayou nCU v0oi aru trying to ninmake one
dollar get what you ordinarily would for1 two.
Johu Clalk, Son & Co, i
'.Cl" | tommision Mer(:chnts, and Dealels in Gro-..."
-O y ries. Wines. Cigars, Coal, Flourand Grain.,
i- (Cooigmenrtof Egs, Chickens and:Country
Ul\'*- o202 to 214 E. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
"THEY ARE MOVING RAPIDLY."
But a Io'd stoek and full assortment yet on hand'-
Now is the Time to Plant. We Offer at Very Lmw Prices '
KIEFFER,' .GARBER, LeCONTE AND. OTHER PEARS,'
As a Fine Stock as Ev.er Grew. --*.
Oranges on Trifolihta Stock, Satsuma, Parson-Brown,
Tangerines, Kingf Etc., beautiful trees. ,
PLUMS, PEACHES, MULBERRIES, ROSES, JAPONJ(CAS, ET('., ETC.' -
Stock free fromin.sects antd disease. Etomologist's Certiflete with Each Orde .
SEND FOR CATALOGUE.
SUTXv7W IT NURSERIES. S,-
D. L. PIERSON, Prop., Monticello, FIa..
,,. ,. o. y_,
-s ~i ~ -,A
Chas .. "ota ........
18 YHE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JANUARY 8.
Sugar Cane Industry Not Waning. most common. Earth worms are bor-S a
So much has been said and written rowing animals, coming out only at a V E
lately concerning the beet sugar indus- night during the cloudy weather.
try and its rapid developmnet in They have-no eyes, but seem able to
some of the Western States and Cal- d
ifornia, that our -eaders maydave distinguish between night and day. Why allow
begun to think that the cane sugar in- Their sense of touch is well developed.
dustry is declining, and likely to be. We quote from Prof. Slingerland's ex-
come of little or no importance. In cellent paper, as follows:
commenting on some recent publica- "'Earth worms are omnivorous;
"iions by Professor Hilgard, onr the beef-steak, cabbage, fruit, green leaves
beet sugar industry, the Louisiana and dead ones, dirt, stones, broken
Planter says: glass, are all swallowed anglewormss
"The recent enormous development have no teeth) with an impartiality
in cane farming in Louisiana shows that would do credit to Aristides. But,
that it is a successful industry. Any although it has its preferences as to
one familiar with it-and now survey- what it will eat, the earth worm is not
ingthe sugar horizon in this state will content with dirt and small stones, or
be much impressed by the increased other hard, indigestible objects, to-
preparations making everywhere for gether with more nutritious fare. Ap- -
cane growing. Unless our industry parently, from the dirt it is able to ex- -
is affectcid by adverse legislation, it is tract some matter, perhaps to assimi-
practically certain that the cane late the microscopic organisms it con in the box or baske
crop of Louisiana will be doubled tains; the stones, probably act as By a little pract
within the next five years. And the grinders, serving to crush the food minutes or less. TI
bulk of the cane to do this will come proper, and mix it thoroughly with the machine. The spri
from the cane farmers producing cane digestive juices. The earthworm, ened when not in ut
on comparatively small acreages, then, passes through its intestine pret- Retail pan e r3.
"The last-statement that we quote ty much everything in and on the year for $5-00, or as
from Professor Hilgard is also very in ground, which can possibly get also send, frie, one
correct, as i6.:o pounds of raw sugar through; but it discharges its castings
from an acre of cane land in Louisia- upon the surface, a manure that is uni- O. BOX 524,
na would now realize little other than versally known as vegetable mold, but
disaster, either to the cane grower or more properly, animal mold. Now, -*
"the sugar manufacturer. The Louisi- as the worms burrow in every direc- -
ana statistics obtained from the De- tion. they constantly bring up from
apartment of Internal Revenue showed below and deposit on the surface, so
that the average crop was 'about that a superficial layer grows slowly Moore's Orange
eighteen tons per acre, and the aver- but steadily. Thus it happens that, Rolfs Vegetable
age yield of sugar over 140 pounds. if ashes are strewn on a field, the Whitner's Garde
We thus reach, as evidenced by these earthworm castings are deposited over Oemler's Trukk
-statistics, an average of over 2500 them, gradually burying them until The AmericanS
pounds of sugar per acre, and many they finally disappear. work on Pb
of our cane farmers are now realizing "In his book, Mr. Darwin gives ciation
twenty-five to thirty tons of cane per many instances of this apparent subsi Addiress ti
acre and the sugar houses buying the dence which, under the most favorable Box 5>,
cane rarely get less than 16o pounds circumstances, goes on at the rate of
of sugar per ton, the sugar per acre two-tenths or three-tenths-inch per
thus reaching from 4000 to 5ooo annum. Even large objects, big T H
pounds." stones and extensive pavements, are
.. gradually buried by the worms, be-
Wonders of the Eearth Worm. cause their burrows extend under-
Ina recent issue of Rural New neath, and by their collapse let the
Yorker, M. V..Slingerlandentomolo- overlying object sink, while theircast-
gist of the Experiment Station of Cor- ings raise the surface around it.
gi of'he Experiment Station of 'hen we behold,' writes Mr. Dar-
nell University, gives an interesting en, w e b o ,' wre s e, w-
account of the life history and work wn, 'a wide turf-covered expanse, we -
of our common earth worm. Vev few should remember that its smoothness,
people haveany idea of the important on which so much of its beauty de-
part played in the economy of nature pends, is mainly due to all the in-
paby the armless, insignificant earthure qualities having been slowly leveled
bythe arm scho, insigolboy nificwas asked artof by worms. It is a marvelous reflec
worm. If a schoolboy was asked "of tion that the whole of the superficial
what value are earth worms, and to mold over any rich expanse has
what uses can they be put?" we think molpassed overkill agany rich expass, every few e has
his answer would be: "They are fine passed, and will again pass, every few
for fish-bait." Neither- would we find years, through the bodies of worms.
among grown up folks much larger The plow is one of the most ancient
appreciation of the place in nature's and most valuable of man's inven-
--economy filled b\ the humble nema- tons, and long before he existed, the
economy filed by the humble neta- c land was in fact regularly plowed, by
toids upon which we sometimes care- earthworms It may be doubted
I:estely t eread.s e whether there are many other animals
: That they do occupy a place in the which have played so important a
plans of nature's god of the utmost part in the history of the world as root shallow in ou
importance to us, who are wont to call have these lowly organized creat- implements.
Ourselves the lords of creation, is at- ures." The hand-plc
-teited by the researches of some of close planting, a
.our greatest scientists. The celebrat-
-'edl naturalist, Prof. Darwin- has givim The soil lies fallow, the woods grow much crop (not la
the world the results of his painstaking rank, This little plc
,researches into the. habits of the com-, Yet idle the poor man stands; ida conditions an
nion angle worm, known scientifically Oh! millions of hands want acres, ers.
as-Lumbricus Terrestris. Of course. And millions of acres want hands! Given with t!
.there.area number of other species of -.. --4.50, or as a- pre
'anrt-hh nrma- th;c h i-v ;- tfi 4 -- Be Datriotic: Dlant fruit trees.
. -. '.- -.I .
. ,_Z _- .N_.o.. -... .
Z.-.. 7 - : .. / : _- -.. : . ,
Your Corn !
: 0 :
your Corn to be eaten up by the Weevil, when by
shelling it and using a little bi-
sulphide of carbon, it cap be saved?
-- Cyclone Corn Sheller.
It is fully warranted against .breaking
or getting out of order by any fair usage.
It takes less power to do the same
amount of work than any other machine
of its size ever made.
There is no time lost after you are
through shelling by picking the cobs out
of the shelled corn, as the machine takes
Va the corn all off the cob, drops the corn
t, takes the cob on around and throws it off at the back.
ice with it you can easily shell one-bushel of ears in about four
he sheller is small but it will do the work of many a larger
ng can be adjusted to any sized ears required and can be loos-
se, thus avoiding any chance of its giving out. A sheller wi-ench
00. (Given to new and old subscribers of this paper for one
a premium for three new subscribers at $2.00 each. 'We will
quart of the bi-sulphide of carbon. Address the EDITOR.
WITH THIS PAPER K-
Culture . . . $2.50
Growing in the South for Northern Markets 2.75
ning in Florida . . .2.00
Farming at the South . ... 3.00-
taudard of Perfection, the recognized standard
ultry, adopted by the American Poultry Asso-
Cultivation by hand,-
in certain crops, is not--
retrogression; on the-
contrary it is "intensive
The soil of Florida is
so light and commercial '
fertilizers are so general-
ly used, that with-such" -
crops as strawberries,
onions, egg-plant, let-'
tuce, peppers and others
it is true economy t '-
plant close and cultivate
With a hand-plow. :-
Early crops in Flor-.;'
1 ida need to be ,planted
in hills, to secure ibun-72
dant. sunshine. The,-.
i soil and do not require the deep plowing.-of horsn ",
)w saves horse feed, saves land, saves. fertilizer .-.y13y;
nan with a hand-plow can tend nearly, or. quite,- a--
Lnd) as a man and horse with wide planting. -.
)w has been perfected with'special reference to -Flo '
d with the assistance and suggestions of Florida grow-
his paper.to new and old subscribes,; for one yeaf, for,
mium for three new subscribers ht $2.oo each.:
Address the Editor,
-. :- P P.O. -BOX 524, JacksonvifFle F -
.~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ .vi #1J,"- r"."-" .-" .-.'':
TH FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
E-2AR .2 .F -: PER -R'-t
S"PER FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. $" ER
rove Orchard. 1897, in which the article originally addition of nitrate of soda, and that
v UGrove A Orchard. appeared. The copy is substantially your nitrate of soda analyzed, say,
correct, except at the end, where two 18.36 percent. ammonia, and that you
Orange Outlook. paragraphs have been run into each- wanted to substitute 300 pounds ni-
In reply to a letter of inquiry, Mr. other and do not work out. trate of soda for 300 pounds cotton
E. H. Hart, of Federal Point, wrote The paragraph which you have seed meal; then you would have-
to the Southern Farmer and Horticul- marked with blue pencil, however, 300oo pounds cotton seed meal multi-
turist as follows: is correct; ooo1000 pounds of acid phos- plied by 9.35 per cent. equals 28.05
As to the orange outlook I can phate( ,;ton) contains 157. I lbs. phos. pounds ammonia in i ton.
merely say it is encouraging-while phoric acid ; Now whi-n we make 300 pounds nitrate soda multiplied
perhaps 25 per cent. of the groves that up to one ton, the same 157.1 by 18.36per cent. equals 55.08 pounds
that were frozen down have been to- pounds is contained in one ton, which ammonia.
tally neglected on account of the dis makes the per centage, as given, cor- And 28.05 pounds plus 55.08
couragement or lack of means of their rect. To get any percentage of any pounds equals 83-. 13 pounds ammonia
former owners, the remaining 75 per ingredient, all that is necessary is to in one ton, or 4.16 per cent.
cent. have received a fair share of at- remember that per centage is so Orange Doctors Disagree.
tention. Many of the two-year old many parts in each one hundred. If Many orange growers and horticul-
buds are carrying a little fruit, which you want, say, three per cent amm tourists think that the Satsuma, on ac-
is usually of very fine quality, and on nia, then you want three potds in count of its supposed hardiness and
accuntofhearg sprd oeach one hundred pounds, or sixty of its supposed hardiness and
account of the large spread of root the pounds in one ton; eery one hun- ability to resist cold, is the c ming or-
extent of bearing wood. It will take dred pounds of cotton seed meal gives ange-but most say it should be bud-
a year or two more to get all the bud. you, say, 9.35 pounds of ammonia, so ded on the t-ifoliata stock. which has
ding done.a year or two more to getople a the budding u put in as many times one hun- a deciduous nature, shedding its leaves
ding done. Most people are budding dred pond of cotton in the fall, and when budded to sweet,.
five to ten of the sprouts that spring dried pounds of cotton seed meal as in the fall, and when budded to sweet,
up at the base of the old trees. Sup- 9 35 is contained in sixty, or, 641 to resist cold.e sap and enabling ited-
pose one has 3,000 trees, this would pounds. lander, a Florida nurseryman, while a
require thesetting of between 20 and W. A. Rawls. State Chemist. great believer in the Satsuma, says it
.30 thousand buds if all took, and Tallahassee, Fla., Dec. 5t, x869. should be budded on the rdsum inary
when it is considered that many of Following is the clipping from the sweet stock and buddeclared on the ordinarya
these old thick barked sprouts fail to Floridian: worthless. He writes the Sugar
catch and must be budded over sev- Many persons inquire of the state Planters' Journal as follows:
eral times, and the buds constantly chemist whether fertilizers cannot be "I am one of the first who planted
watched and sprouted and tied and made at home more economically than the Satsuma trees, and so great was the
propped up till they become strong if bought manufactured, and whether theSatsuma trees, and so want anything
enough not to be blown over, you any extensive plant is necessary for else. But that tree must be budded
can imagine the tedious and prolonged the mixing of the materials. The an- on sweet stock. The sour stock is not
labor necessary to get back to the swer is easy. Any farmer or group of Sour budded with sweet and
status quo. farmers can buy the materials in bulk good. Sour budded with sweet and
statu quo. and mix-their own fertilizers, and all then budded with Satsuma is just as
he machine required is a smooth bad.
Lalomel for Trees. floore machine a hoe.quired is a smooth "The much talked of trifoliata is a
A Dr. Reed of Howard county as- foor and a hose. total failure, and ponly fit for a con-
Dr.ed us h H.oward county as-. Acid phosphate, to furnish the phos- servatory. I have three year old
sured us he had tried it on a 40oacre phoric acid, is manufactured and can stock raised from the sweet seed since
locust grove-all the trees dying from be bought in bulk at many points in stock raised from the sweet seed since
borers. He calomeled one-half-they otton seed mal is one the freeze, and budded to Satsuma
all lived, the others died A row of Florida; cotton seed meal is one of last year, which are standing six and
all lived, the others died. A row our staple products, and furnishes am- seven feet high. There is absolutely
locusts on our streets was perishing monii in a very desirable form; pot- nothing like it in the State."-Sugar
from borers. "Well, we can soon try ash is imported from Germany; all of Planters' Journal.
- it." Half were bored into and calo- these can be obtained at comparative- t ,
mel inserted and plugged up. This Iv low figures when purchased in sul- Developing Fruit Flavors.
was in May. The treated trees lived, ficient quantity, and the necessary Just what medicinal qualities apple
the others died. I saw some of the quantities to obtain given per cent- leaves possess, no one here appears to
former a.dozen years later flourishing, ages can be quickly figured out. have any knowledge. This was the
In several instances trees treated in Suppose you wanted to mix a fer- observation made by an Oregon news.
the spring, when sap circulates or tilizer to contain, say, 7 to 8 per cent paper some weeks ago alter telling
.abounds, have flourished for years. of available phosphoric acid; 2 to 3 that a lulare county druggist was in
But it takes a long time to settle any- per cent of ammonia, and 9 to to10 per an apple growing district in the North
thing like that. If there be any cent of potash, (as potassium oxide or for the.purchase of apple leaves. The
truth in it we surely would have some K2 O, which is the form which chem- party specified, it seems, that the
certain method of warring against ists have generally agreed to estimate leaves must be free from scale and in
borers so ruinous to orchards. The it); and say that your acid phosphate good condition and he offered tc. pay
branch borer here seems the worst. analyzes 15.7 per cent of phosphoric two and a half cents a pound for them,
It seems to me that men who have acid, (Pz 05). Cotton seed meal 9.35 and also to lurnish the necessary sacks.
no more sense than to war against per cent. ammonia, and potash 48.2 So far as can be learned apple' leaves
bull snakes, toads, frogs, hawks, owls, per cent. potash K2 0. possess no medicinal qualities.
etc., are fools-t this age and time Now, as per cent means so many It may be mentioned that probably
hers, ground squirrels anbd other parts in each one hundred, we would some spirit or oil might be extracted
swarming pests is destroyed. Let the say: r,ooo pounds acid phosphate from them for the making of perfume,
jaybirds alone. These is dest are here all multiplied by 5.7 t per cent. equals or for fruit flavoring. This is not
enter long, doing lots of good for t57-.2 pounds phosphoric acid in i improbable, for some very interesting
winter long, few of them may do infor ton; 2,000 pounds: 157.1 : roo: X and suggestive results were recently
any suharm m few of them 365 day do equal 7.85 per cent. phosphoric acid. obtained by a chemist and scientist,
Sother" bTiy are here 365 days to And 600 pounds cotton seed meal, who finds that by the addition of the
the other birds oplacer has For beenover multiplied by 9.35 per cent ammonia leaves of fruit trees which in theni-
30 years my little place has been full equals 56. 1 pounds in one ton, or 2.8 selves have no marked flavor, to sac-
thone.Colman's Rural Woas ever per cent. ammonia. charine solutions undergoing alcoholic
one.- mans ura And 400 pounds potash multiplied fermentation, a very marked'boquet
ade Fertilizers. -: by 48.2 per-cent: potash equals 192.8 of the fruit is developed.
ome=made Fertlizers. pounds potash, or 9.64 per cent. pot. Thus, by immersing pear or apple
-Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. ash (K20). tree leaves in a 16 or 15 per cent..
-Replying to yours of 28, I enclose Suppose you wanted to increase soluhition of sugar, and adding a pure
sipping from the Floridian of Dec.. 7, your per centage of ammonia by the yeast, which by itself gave rise tb no
,QX ... _
'*f. '- ; -'". :- ,-'-- "-. -
of the fruit, the bacteria survive but a
few hours. They remain active for
some time longer on the uninjured
rind of the fruit, but even then they
die within twenty-four hours. The .
destructive property as regards the .-:
cholera bacteria is supposed to be due
to the large amount of acid contained
in those fruits. In consequence of
this quality, the health officer consid-
ers it unnecessary to.place any restric- -
tions on the transit and sale of these
fruits, even if it should be ascertained
that they come from places where
cholera is prevalent at the time. Not
a single instance was noted in which -
cholera was disseminated by either -'
oranges or lemons. This is good news-
for the growers, as well as the users-
of oranges, and will doubtless help- 1.
the demand for the fruit.
The Cold Spell in California.
The present cold snap will have --;^
one good effect-It has demonstrated..
that all orange growing sections. of
Southern California are liable to kill-
ing frosts. No locality seems to have'
escaped some damage this time. At
Chula Vista, in San Diego cotunty,-'-
they admit a temperature of 26, which
is about the same as the average mini-
mum figures in Riverside.. Redlands.-
and Highland both report a reading '--7.
of 24 to 28' and Colton of 27.--.On- --r
tario admits some damage, and a iem-i"
perature of as low as the other foot-
hill sections.named. Pomona-reports .-.. .
a reading of at, but that is fromlie:--fe
lowest part of town where few oranges- A
are grown and 25 or 26 is probably a-',
fair average there. Even at Gleidora,s,
Azusa, Covina and Duarte, whi"chire
supposed- to be in the -frostless belt,
some damage was done. And up.1incr
Fresnb county they' talk frankly. oflb'
frozen oranges. Several things com
bined to prevent wide-spread' apd "-
serious loss-unusual ripeness of theA.
fruit, the saturation of the gro aundl b1
., .. ^^i^ .^^^-
'-1 -* .." -.":,---;. ..
marked flavor, after fermentation a
liquid was obtained which had a.
strong odor of pear or apple respect-
ively and an excellent flavor, and on
distillation gave an alcoholic distillate
in which this aroma was still more
marked. Vine leaves act in a similar
manner and it is suggested that it may
be possible to improve the bouquet of a
poor vintage by the addition of sornme
leaves during fermentation.
It is noteworthy that the results are
far more marked when the leaves em-
ployed are from trees in which the
fruit is approaching maturity. It is
inferred that the flavors of fruits are
due to a body elaborated in the leaves,
possibly of a glucosidal nature, which
is not transferred to the fruits, until
the latter approach maturity, and is
then acted upon by the special fer-
ments contained in the fruit juices and
dg'elops distinctive flavors. The mat-
ter would apper to be of considerable
practical importance.-C a 1 [iforn i a
Oranges for Bacteria.
The imperial health office of Berlin
has issued an announcement to the
effect .that oranges and lemons are
both. fatal to the cholera bacillus.
Placed in contact with the cut surface
ANUARY ..:.. -
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Is the most important item a grower buys.
It should be
Reliable, Quick, Active and Sure.
THE SEASON'S RESULT DEPENDS ON IT.
The IDEAL Brands will suit you, the Price is right and so are the Goods.
A FULL STOCK OF POTASH, KAINIT, BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE, NITRATE OF SODA, C. S. MEAL,
And all Agricultural Chemicals and tlaterials at Lowest Prices.
-Write for Prices and ask for our Book,
"WHY WE MAKE THE IDEAL FERTILIZER."
WILSON & TOO'IER FERTILIZER COI1PANY.
'Pig's Foot Brand" Blood and Bone at $17.oo per Ton.
rain, the north wind, and the fact that
the most intense cbld was for only a
short time on two or' three mornings.
We believe that only a small percent
age of the total crop of Southern Cali-
fornia has been injured, and mostly of
late varieties. Dealers in the East
need not worry about frozen fruit, and
the fact that there is no rush on the
part ot growers and packers to
get the fruit on to the market as
there was in 1893 and IS95, shows
that they do not fear any extensive
deterioration as the result ol the cold
snap. -()ranges that have been in-
jured will be thrown out, q'td the dis-
position .ofthe exchanges and all relia-
ble dealers is to ship nothing but
sound fruit. And the cold spell
ought to have the good result that it
should-stop the foolish quarreling
about immunity from frost. Some
localities are less liable to frost than
others, but conditions vary; and somc
points that have bragged the most re-
-port the lowest, temperatures this time.
Let us not rejoice in anybody's mis-
fortune nor make claims that are un-
reasonable, but work for the good
fame of Southern California in general
as an orange producing section. In
the East little attempt is made to
pass judgment on the claims of the
-several localities that have established
a reputation as producers of choice
.oranges. They class us all alike, and
reports that are meant to hurt one
7-sdection injure all others.-Riverside
The past ten days, taken all through,
:'has been the longest continuous cold
spell we can remember in South Cali
fornia. During this whole time, how-
:eveie, the thermometer has not regis-
'tered as low a temperature as we had
three years ago. This cold spell gave
's five consecutive mornings on which
the mercury stood at 2S .degrees be-
-'tween six and seven o'clock in the
-morring-the period of- greatest cold
in tsis section.
-?'-I_';As to-daniage'done, we frankly ad-
'mit we are puzzled. There has been
Damage .done. It were folly to say or
ilaii. otherwise. No such conminu-
_X4'3 """ "
ous cold can come and not leave its
mark. But the apparent damage,
thus far, is very trifling. Orchard
after orchard has been closely and
carefully examined, and no trace of
frost found in the fruit. Other places
one would find fruit frosted, here and
there. It has not yet warmed up
enough, to tell with any degree of
accuracy, what the percentage of
damage to *fruit has been. We haz-
zard a guess, however, that the dam-
age over the entire Redlands district,
will not exceed ten per cent., and
may not reach five. But it is all
guesswork at this writing. The dam-
age to trees is practically nothing,
merely young growth nipped.
It is too early yet to hear from
other districts and we say nothing
about them. Readings of the ther-
mometer in the various orange grow-
ing districts are reported as low as 24
degrees, and one man told us on the
train the other day that his two self-
registering thermometers gave him 2,2
and 20o degrees. He frankly admitted
that his damage would be not less
than 50 per cent.
Take it all in all, this cold spell
has been a blessing iu disguise. It
has emphasized what we have fre.
quently said : That many thousands
.of orange trees were planted where
they never should have been. It also
emphasizes another fact: That genu-
ine orange land, in. the proper loca-
tion, proved by this freeze, is worth
far more than has ever yet been asked
for it.-R.edlands Citrograph.
The Orange Worm in California.
We had hoped to hear from Prof.
Cook of Claremont upon the orange
worm that is attracting .so much atten-
tion, but in the meantime have had
the little intruder under glass on our
own account. In the specimens ex-
amined at the packing house yester-
day all were found to belong .to the
moth family. It is easier to tell what
what it is not than what it is. In its
habits and appearance the insect very
much resembles the grape-berry moth,
the L.obesia botrana, but as there have
neyer been anygrape wqrmus se.n_ in.
this State by the wr
that it is a pest whose
destroyed and that h
oranges as a substitute
ground upon this spec
lingmoth, or Carpoc
invariably goes in at
out at any portion of t
worm under consider
works just under the o
from the appearance o
hatched within the fru
not a codling moth or
kin, and as the orange
defined cocoon it m
moved from the appl
classification. If son
capture the moth itself
tate locating its kinsh
point of resemblance ti
the Mexican pest is
attack, each boring int<
it is hatched on some I
The Mexican oran
Trypeta ludens, is a
worm under discussion
lar. The former is a
stage, the latter.- a moth
discovered by the wor
front legs arid an ind
of rudimentary or ab
There is nothing alarri
cover of the worm ar
fruits for it has been
ten years o1- more.
lence should call for c
Dozens of wormy o0
found, always in the c
packing house in South
today and it is safe to
hundred boxes have b
in this valley alone thi
growers should rernen
apple moth was once
and that eternal vigilant
of success in this case.
moth has long since g
Letter From Fro
Editor Farmor and Fruit GO
Please find my subsc
year to your pleasai
Let me see, I lan
seven years,ago the 21
cember,. and, almost imr
iter the theory taking the Fruit Grower, and so -far,
natural food is it has never missed a week on my
as resorted to table to date. I have gleaned a world
e does not find
cies. The cod- of valuable information from its live
apsa pomella, pages. It is hardly worth while to
the calyx and say I enjoy reading it, and that I also -
he surface ; the enjoy writing a line for its pages now
ration always and then, when I can spare the time.
range rind and Time, somehow, don't seem to.. be as
f its den is not plentiful as it used to be, and yet one
it. It is, then, has 365 days of it here in Florida.
any of its near I hardly understand how -we can be
worm forms no so busy here all the time; for here at
nust be far re- the Silver Lake Fruit Farm, we are
e worm in its always on the move when ,able,' and
ie one would it's as pleasant as it is.grand to im-
it might facili- prove a new home in a good healthful
ip. The only section of country. I have improved
he worm has to them before I came to Florida and I
the manner of enjoyed it too, but some how I'enjoy
o the fruit after it more here for one reason, we have
friendly leaf. better health here than anywhere- we
ge worm, the have ever lived, and so can enter into
maggot ; the the enjoyment with a keen zest.
n is a caterpil- True, we have had our longings for
fly in its adult old friends and associations, and have
h. This can be been deprived of many things that
m's having six some would think they could not do
definite number without; but taking it all in all, I
dominal legs. can't see where we have much to com-
aing in the dis- plain of. In fact we have many
nong our citrus things to be thankful for. Our trees
found here for are doing all we could ask of them,
But its preva- Many of them being full of the golden
lose attention, balls this season, and yet four -years
ranges can be ago the pines and wire grass covered
uli box, in any the ground where the orange, lime,
ern .California lemon and grape fruit now flourish."
say that several And then there is the luscius .fig,
seen ruined in Japan persimmon, peach-we' have
s season. Our them now one-half grown this 23d of--
aber that the December, not to mention mulberries;
a stranger here we get a few every.-day, They are
ice is the price common, I know, but .gbod just the
The codling same. And then of the tropical papaw
;ot entirely be- we have them all the year round,'
Pomoiropic. and here too is ihe guava, it won't.do_..
to slight such a friend as this fruit; is
st Proof. to us in Florida. Lam almost- afraid'-:"
rower, to mention the pineapple, -the, queen
ription for next of- fruits, but I weary give. We
nt and useful missed them last' year -for some six
weeks,-but, won't thisiSeason.at all.
ided in Florida .. Have.them ripe-,pno.,;and;,iady.e ld.
id of this De- all the-year; havethem .of l sizes
amediately,egain fr.bm:the bursJng. lud to grt -t.
'-. : :._...-" -
THn FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GRoWeR.
beauties fourteen or fifteen inches
long and weighing many pounds.
Oh! I love to look at them and see
them grow, with their leaves reaching
up to your shoulders, and then you
can smell the fragrance long before
you get to the golden fruit itself.
If it was this kind of an apple that
Eve ate and gave to Adam, one is
tempted not to feel too harsh toward
her. For it is 'certainly one of the
most wholesome fruits man ever ate,
that is, as it is grown here at Frost
Proof in the Lake Region of South-
ern Polk Co. I have eaten pines from
many climes but I have yet to find
any from elsewhere that can equal
these grown in the sand hills amid
these high hills and clear deep lakes
of Southwestern Polk County.
But I must desist before I tire you.
I wanted to say a word for the im-
proved scuppernongs. They are
grand too, as they are here. V\'ith
me, they grow in bunches, twenty or
thirty in a bunch and I have them
for three months at a time. Oh, yes,
it keeps us busy at Silver Lake to
keep these good things from wasting.
Am wishing you all a Merry Christ.
mas and a Happy New Year.
B. M. Hampton, Frost Proof, Fla.
Doctoring Trees With Sulphur.
A few weeks ago we published in
our horticultural department, a recom-
mendalion Irom a northwestern,paper,
says the Northwestern Agriculturist,
that the way to keep caterpillars off a
fruit tree was to bore a hole in the
trunk of the tree and fill it with sul-
S phur and plig it. The writer ex-
~ plained that the sulphur would enter
the sap and permeate the whole tree
and make it obnoxious to all insects.
-: We submitted the suggestion to our
late horticultural editor, E. J. Curtis,
who replied that he had never heard
of it and requested us to submit the
idea to the state entomologist, Profes-
sor Lugger. Professor Lugger's assist-
ant answered that he had never heard
of it, but it might be worth trying.
A subscriber, Henry Jentsch. of
near Minneapolis, called at our office
a few days ago and stated that he had
already tried the experiment, and that
it certainly didrid the trees of all in-
sects. There'is a slight circumstance,
however, which might be an objection
in some orchards, viz., it invariably
kills the tree before-it disturbs the in-
sects. The bark blisters and the sul-
phur exudes, and then there is an
opening for the nursery agent to sell
some more trees. Mr. Jentsch has
known of other trials of the plan with
The latest craze, or fad, or what
you wish to call it, in growing tobacco
in Gadsden county is to shade it, or
to partially protect it from the full
rays of the hot summer's sun. For
this purpose posts are placed at con-
venient distances to which cross
pieces are attached and to these slats
of the x idth of two inches are nailed,
the length of course being sufficient
to connect with the posts. These
laths are put on every two inches
apart leaving a vacancy of two inches
between. The cost of thus screening
tobacco is very great, reaching we are
told, as high as $i5cq. an acre. This
fact alone will preclude the idea ol
many farmers entering into it on their
own responsibility. However, many
of them will have an opportunity of
experimenting in this direction, il they
wish to contract their tobacco, for we
are reliable) informed that Schroeder
&- Bon, the large leaf dealers of"few
York, after experimenting to their sat-
isfaction, have decided to let out 200
acres the coming year to be grown
under this plan-all the expenses of
erecting the awnings will be borne by
this firm, they having the refusal of
the tobacco at stipulated price under
a fie ytar lease. We are further ad-
vised that in case the contracts of
Schroeder & Bon are properly pro-
tected the coming year and meet with
their satisfaction, they will invest an
immense sum of money in prosecute
ing their operations in this direction
the succeeding year. The New Era
suggests the wisdom of our farmers
looking into the new mode of tobacco
culture.-Quincy New Era.
Tobacco vs. Cotton.
Major WV. L. Glessner, the immi-
gration commissioner of the -Georgia
Southern & Florida Railroad, believes
that Florida tobacco will rival cotton.
He says of tobacco: "The average
yield in Florida is about 700 pounds
to the acre. The tobacco is selling
now from thirty to fifty cents per
pound. Cotton is not in it along with
tobacco. There is no doubt that there
will be a general rei ival of the tobacco
industry. The indications are that
the tobacco lands in middle Florida
ate going to be in demand. There
is hardly any branch of agriculture at
this time that can produce such results
as this, and it is bound to grow in im-
portance."-Southern States Farm
A reader asks how to clarify hon- The Cubans mal
-.,ey that is"full of broken bits of comb, between suckers an
S- and-is unsightly, for table tise.- It can lish we would call
be placed in an over just warm enough "In regard to su
to melt the comb. When it has all ut between the le
become liquid strain it at once through understand them.
.-.a-piece of cheese- cloth Whidch-will re- ualit, of our th b
.'.tair the refuge-but will aUllowt he honey Ithem and hence s1
-.-and comb to pass through. When the toffe If n see a
honey Is cold. the comb will have of suckers you see a fi
o;rmed a. keki 6f Wat on top which does not know his
S--may betaken- oil leaving the honey very important in
.--clear, clean and unchanged in taste if and- should be
ti.wa.si6t-made too hot., mind. Don't con
'N'A'.fdi-e cantifmg plant is to be es- with .the sons and b
,tablished at.St. Petersburg. and th'u destoy a
: :::-.':--."~~f W-u .: .. -.o._-.d
4--- .r :-=_- "" ".. :
k'.'S;; 'n': "-- :. _ . :- -: ; "
e a nice distinction
d "sons." In Eng-
the latter rattoons.
ckers which come
lives, people do not
You destroy the
acco if you leave
iould break them
Oeld of tobacco full
feel sure the owner
business. This is
constantlyy kept in
ifusC the stickers-
ireak off the son's
Protect your Crops... Make your own Insecticides at a very
Ammonia Water, 26 degrees, in 7 p.:undl bottles-. .1 e.,.h.
White Arseme, 10 cents a pound.
Carbouate of Ammonia, 15 cents a pound.
Carbonate of Soda. 5-pound packages, 20 cents a package.
Carbon Bi Sulphide, pound tins, 25 cents a pound.
Caustic Soda, i5 pound cans, 7.4 cents a pound.
Copper Carbonate, single poiinds, 40 cents a pound.
Copper Sulphare. 10-pound packages, 70 cents a package.
Quick Lime, per barrel, 00 cents.
London Purple, per pound, 25 cents.
Napthaline, 10-pound packages, per pound, S cents.
Paris Green, per pound. 80 :ients.
Potassium Sulphide. pound, :3 cents.
Pyrethrijm insect Powder, best, :35 cents a pound.
Rosin, 6*2 a barrel.
Sulphur, 50-pound packages, 3 cents a ,pound.
Tobacco Dust, barrels, .3 cents, small lots 4 cents a pound.
Tobacco Stems, 50-pound packages, IA cents a p, und.
These prices for quantities as mentioned here;n, For larger quantities please
write for special quotations. We ate pleased at all times to furuish you formulas
and give all necessary information for making up Inser-'ti ides.
I R. J. MARTINEZ, -
P. 0. BOX 89.
SUCCESSOR TO J. C. L'ENGLE.
-- KILLS SCALE.
Is Strongly Con(entrated. and when
Diluted as Directed, it makes
probably the Cheapest In-
secticide in the World.
Used in Floridafor 13 Years.
H. B. MARSH, General Agent,
Okahuimka (Lake Co.), Fla.
Wa-Sold by many merchants.
HAMMOND'S SLUG SHOT WORKS,
FISHKILL-.Ol HUDSON, NEW YORK.
sons take the place of and spring from
the root of the mother plant, and form
the second crop, which is too valuable
to sacrifice. The second crop does
not make wrappers, but are very good
fillers. When the land is very rich
three or four sons may appear, accord-
ing to the condition of the plant.
Leave at least two, and this will form
your second crop. Often more sons
come, which is the third crop. Far-
mers lose their second crop by des-
troying sons, and thus Jose 40 per
cent. of their crop."
Worthlessness of Governmient Bul-
The culture of tobacco extends
from Mirinesgota to Florida. Four
types o-f6bacco are grown, each de-
manding different treatment from the
day the seed is sown until the cured
leat is marketed. The grower of
cigar leaf in Wisconsin knows not a
single point concerning the culture of
export leaf in Tennessee, and the
Brown Cdunty; 0., Burley grower
would make a bad job of it if he at-
tempted a crop'of Yellow leaf in North
Carolina. It takes a lifetime of work
in the field to master the details of
grow'iig any single type of tobacco,
and- I state nothing but plain fact,;
whenf I a&y that there is not a tfian in
the Uitied Sttebs whd is crip&tent, to
write a bulletin upon all types of to-
bacco, that would be worth the paper"
it is printed on. Now I regret to say
that there are men wtho will write any-
thing for the cash it brings in, and
the probabilities are that some Vir-
ginia Yellow tobacco grower will tel!
the planter o& Tennessee who grows
black export tobacco, how to sow the
seed and cultivate the crop; or the -
northern Ohio man who raises Havana
seed and sets t 1,000 plants per acre,
will know how to set his next crop,
by the instructions or a North Caro- -
lina man who plants 4 x 4 feet. The' .
Department Bulletin No. 6o, page 9, .
contains 14 glaring errors in 32 lines .
and the proposed bulletin will, doubt- =.
less, contain more. Rural. New .- "
This particular locality is no stock ":.--"
country, as.the rocks and poor range '.
would prevefit the successful raising
of cattle. This is a fruit; growing,..-
section and if we had to build, walls
and fences before we could'grow trees t.*
or crops the new setler would simply.
starve to death. Land now .worth $25 :
per acr 'would not be worth that matiy..;- .'
cents it stock was allowed to run at--
large.- Biscayne Bay.
It is now asserted by gbod author-
ity, that plants as well as anirihlsma "
may perish from smn-stroke.
-: k-. r -Y4. 7' f t .'.=
. *' .: .--.- I'_, ^ .- .
-'. : -4-. -.. ,- .-_. .,. .--. A -, -, '% -
22 THE FLORIDA FAiRME AND FrIT-GROWER. JANiNUA 8; '
Farmer -?Trucker cover as described; a little practice will sweet as the regular Florida potato. Strawberries on Ice.
enable him to put about ten or a doz- We think it would be good for North-
en seeds in a place. Some do not ern shipment. The celebrate-d T. & T. Strawberry Refrig-
Beggarweed Queries. cover the seeds at all, and this is all -. erators are the univ&sal favorite of Florida
Ed.t,.r Farmrand Eru.t Grower. right if a rain follows immediately,but Culture of English Peas. owere. Pere cted arter years ,o expru -
In looking over some old numbers if there is no prospect for a rain soon Editor Farmerard Fruit Grower. TRUBY & TEOMAS,'
of the Farmer and Fruit Grower I it is best to cover slightly. In this Your letter asking for an article on starke, Florida.
read an article in .number 1421, issued way about a pound and a half of seed the cultivation of English peas was S e.. o
2nd of May, 1896, advising the appli- will sow an acre. The first year this duly received. I was too busy to
cation of worthh of phosphoric acid will produce plants enough to seed reply at once, and the matter has d. TEEKLE. SEEDR ED., ilitil, -
and $to worth of muriate of potash on the land thickly, and the winds will been overlooked I regret its delay,
twoor four acres of cowpeas or ber- so scatter them that they will be uni- and ask you to pardon my tardy re- MARY T. FROTSCHER, President,
garweed, latter part of May or early formly distributed. The first year, of ply. su,:..-ors to
in Tune. course, with such thin seeding, the For this latitude I commence work Richard Fr.t,:hcber'sGrarierStreet BranchStore,
If beggarweed stuhble is plowed un. plants will grow too coarse to make for peas about the first of December. No. 5rind 42Cd Graier -t., New Orleans, La.
der in February or early part of hay. If one does not mind the ex- I always clean my land thoroughly of Garden Seed% G-raizde.clte -er bulba. Feed "po- p.
March, should the phosphoric acid pense of seed and wishes a crop of all grass and weeds, then break it up ta and fruitlre in tireaon, Conducted
ba relrcves h1"the late Rochard Frotscher. Order
and the puotash be applied just before forage the first season, the seed may broadcast. I let it stand about ten through Richard Fro.chber'- manual or 896 or
the turning under of the weed, (with be sown much thicker. days, and then open the furrows three send or one free
the seed on) or should the fertilizer be The seed can be sown any time,but feet apart. I use eight or ten wagon
,applied as a top dressing in May or few will come up until the beginning loads of well rotted stable manure and The best
June ? This is a matter of interest to of the rainy season, say from May 15th six hundred pounds of guano to the gre r .
your subscribers, and you -will oblige to June itth. Seed sown any time acre, putting it only in the furrows. eedo in are F-rr. s.
us by replying in an early issue of the in June will mature a full crop. I cover this with two furrows and let Lt ,6,do r,,% t
Farmer and Fruit Grower. it stand lully ten days before plant- Q -
HOLMES ER'.IN. The Nansemond Sweet Potato. ing.
The article partly quoted says : "A Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. I use two bushels of seed to the
well-balanced chemical fertilizer has Another object lesson is in another acre, and find after long experience Ea1g @
about $t.. worth. each of these(ammo- box-a single hill of sweet potatoes, that Landreth's Extra Early is the uaIll.m --0
nia, potash and phosphoric acid,) in a Nansemond. I have but a small patch, best. They are the earliest, the ^ te .. thn. n or
ton, and the manufacturer adds an- but the patch grows all my family con- heaviest bearers and the most relia- 11. a ,I IE.b. C... dLd
other $10, so that a number one fertil- sumes, and- they are always on the ble. Ut i t
izer from the factory, with the above table. I use a broad shovel-plow to open | a. M. fE.y 0..,
proportions of the trinity, costs the I went down to find you a hill I was the beds for planting, and I make D Broit, ML0.
farmer $40. We are very anxious not in any way ashamed to show you. this furrow as wide as possible, so as "
that he should get in a little brain. It was the first one I uncovered and to have a broad, flat surface for the
work and a little muscleand save$20. it suited. Please take one home, and peas. When the seed is put in it FAIRVIEW PINERY.
How, do you ask ? Put $to worth see if it is coarse, because large. The ought to cover a width of six inches
of phosphoric acid and $o10 worth of hill turns the scale at sixteen pounds. at least. When growing they support nh n
nmuriate of potash on two or four acres The land was plowed a year ago De- each other better and are not so easily .... IIUlu
of cowpeas or beggarweed the last of cember, ten inches deep, and planted laid down by high winds, nor burnt P neapp l
this month [April] or early next to white potatoes. March 20, they by hot suns, as when they are in a PG -_-
month, and in August or September were dug, and the plot planted again, narrow drill. In covering them I try
take off two more tons of as good fod- The last week in June the second crop to have a broad, flat bed also, using a Plants
der as stock ever ate, let a new crop of Irish potatoes was all used out, and small plow to cover with; and I do "lllO-a: -
bearing seed grow up from the stub. I carefully put in, at the rate of $30 not disturb or move the seed in cov- -. -
ble, and next spring or winter plow per acre, chemicals, sulphates only, ering.
it in, and plant upon this buried ma- sweet potato manure. The beds were I always make two plantings, the
nure your crop of corn, potatoes, cot- three and a half feet apart, broad and first during the third week in De- Smooth Cayennell Home Grown!!.
ton, or anything else, and you will flat and the plants set deeply once in cember or just before Christmas, and *
get a better crop and have a finer de- ten inches in the row. This same the second the first week in January. ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.
posit of fertilizer in the soil, which land has grown little but the two They require but little cultivation,
will also be in a finermechanicalcon kinds of potatoes for two years. I am two workings being sufficient. When P ---
..dition, than though you had put in the not growing potatoes for the market, about three inches high I hoe them PRICE,
$40-worth of fertilizer from the manu but for my own use. but when I .can just to pulverize the soil and keep p. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.
-factory." get a lull peck out of one hill I am down weeds, and give one good plow-
The potash and phosphoric acid not ashamed to show them, and they ing before they bloom, but na'er oark *
bad better be applied -slTrtly before are better than cassava to feed. They the,: unless the weather is warnm and HOME GROWN
seeding, long enough to have a rain- are "fresh from the soil," and of a spring like. If they are worked during .
fall on it, as a top dressing, and har- quality which only chemicals produce a cold spell the ground would be open
rowed in. The plowing is to be in such large quantity. This result and loose and let the cold air in; it Pineapple SlipS
done for the purpose of burying the comes from using more fertilizer than would reach the roots and injure them
remains of the vegetable matter, but I would had I not expected an unus- very much or kill them entirely.
-' not to cover the beggarweed seed. If ual dry summer when I planted. They will stand a heavy frost or a Suck11 lers
there ha-ve been previous crops of beg There was no artificial watering, and light freeze before they bloom, but -.-'O
garweed, and the seed has been bur- less than the usual rainfall, but deep not after. Of the Following Varieties
S t'. ied by plowing, a second plowing will setting after deep working. The pota- They will be ready for market in Fop SALIE :-
"- bring it to the surface, where it will toes were only worked once after set- two months from the time they are '..-
-r -:germinate; but seed freshly sown must ting the pieces of vines, and manure planted. I find by my own experience P F T "-.
::be covered lightly, if at all. It will all applied before the beds were.made that they will make 300 bushels of ABBAKA, PORTO RIco, EGYPTIAN
i-4-i--.--germinate. in, the spring if left on the the very day the pieces were set. You peas to the acre with a favorable sea- QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RItPLEY.
--r-: surface. can use the pieces as you choose. son; and you can put the price from QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-
As beggarweed seed is difficult and I picked a green orange from Octo- $r to $5 per.bushel and see how it NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH..
expensive to save and consequently ber bloom to show you jack frost was pays! I have not failed in several
-dear, the following economical meth- merciful. years to get $5 per bushel for my first Apply to ..
od may be pursued for the first seed- Very truly yours, shipments. T. L. TURNER. G. 0. MATTHAMS,
:ing: Lay off the kind to bb sown with LLMAN PHELPS. Bradford Co., Fla Florida Pineapple Company,
-_ a small plow,- in .furrows about six -. Note that a root of maiden cane Or to .
feet-apart, and in these furrows,' about penetrated a tuber. I send by boat Strawberry Culture. MADDOCK & MATTHAMS,
everyy three feet, drop a few seeds and Mbnday morning.- L. P. Editor Farmerand Fruit-Grower: West. Palm Beh, 'F:--:
-cversilightly with the foot. To do The largest potato in this bill As you are an experienced grower
-"this .evenly let. the- dropper take up weighed four pounds and one ounce. while I am a novice I would deem it -
.-cbetweetie the .thumb .and fore finger a When cut to pieces and cooked it a great favor if you could conve- About forty million feet of timber t..
r.small pinch of the seed and about ev- showed no fiber: and was of an excel- niently find time to advise me as to are annually made up into matches in-.,."
; ery- two short steps deposit'this and lent texture and color, thoibgh not so the culture of the strawberry plant, this country.
S : _--- .- -. j
--- 7-" - ';, -.- . -- -- -" ,:2 : :-. .I-: "
THR FLORIDA FARMER AND fPRUIT-GOWB.o
My experience has been entirely
through professional (?) gardeners. I
am now giving my place my personal
attention, and intend what experience
I gain to be practical or personal at
least. My land is a drained pond
such as is frequently found in this part
of the State, the soil is a mixture of
muck and sand (little muck). All
other plants do well in it. My straw-
berry plants are in.beds four feet wide,
three rows to the bed. The recent
storm and heavy rains have prevented
them making much growth so far. If
you would kindly advise me what to
use for fertilizer, mode of cultivation,
etc,, it would be-highly appreciated.
CHASE. C. CONVERSE.
If all other plants do well, straw-
berries will do well, with proper care
and fertilizers. Be careful not to
think, .because your land is "rich"
that it will not need much assistance;
it will probably require liberal appli-
cations of potash, of which the best
form will be found to be a fifty per
cent. grade sulphate. Of this you
may apply say 6o00 pounds per acre,
and if you will be careful about it, it
may all be given at once. Have it
dropped on the ground midway be-
tween each two plants (in the row,
not in the path between them). After
the plants have become strong and
-- well-rooted it is not likely to hurt
them, even if some gets on the leaves ;
but when they are small and feeble
--they are easily injured by it if a rain
falls and washes it freely into the
It will not evaporate if left untouch-
ed on the surface, but as it falls in a
pile it is well to distribute it somewhat
and hack it into the ground with a.
prong-hoe so as not to leave the soil
too strongly alkaline in one place. As
you are without experience we will
give you this pointer: The amount
that a man can readily grasp in one
-hand will be enough for three piles,
that is, three plants.
If the land has been cropped and
fertilized'before, this special applica-
tion of potash may not be needed.
S--In that case, give a good guaranteed
commercial fertilizer,- with about 12-
-per cent. of potash, say r,500 to 2,000
pounds per acre. If you give the
special application of potash, ,00oo
pounds of- the fertilizer in addition
will answer very well.
If you can apply it soon, before
the roots of the plants strikeout much,
you may strew it along in a shallow
furrow within two inches of the plants
and cover with another furrow. But
if the-roots are spread out much the)'
are liable to be burned by the stuff and
you had .better drop it midway be-
tiieen the plants, in the row, and hack
it. in with the prong-hoe.
The "Daisy Plow," advertised in
-our columns, is a good implement for
-cultivation.. It has four points.
More than four-fifths of the murders
-i the United States last year were by
-'-men wlio had no regular occupation.
--In i-Kansas whble sections of land
have suddenly disa appeared; leaving
9 l-oy fatliomless lakes to mark their
S location. :..- -
10 --: 61,; .-'- : '". -' ::
Pou try. 0 ---0
c ramp Croup.,Is 3g.
A Wonderful Discovery. CoIds oah'e,
W\e give below the experience of
Mr. O'Neal in preserving eggs by the @DARloA, SENTER,.
Algretta method. Mr. O'Neal says: Asurn. e, Quickare for these
"January 1. Ts93, I preserved todoz- troubweasl
en of eggs to see if they would keep a A l
fresh; I kept them till July, and could iI
not tell them from fresh eggs. I then W
preserved $loo worth (1428 dozen,) (0marvT a'.)
which sold in winter for 23 cents a Used Zaterualy &and externally.
dozen : after deducting $14,24 for Two Szes, 25~. and 0c. bottles.
preservation, I had$3S.5.6o leftwhich *)-^ I 04+~' t ls, 43O.4
I invested in July. 94, buying 55oo
dozen at 7 cents, and sold them in the eral months; but here he is again, as
winter at 29 cents, which, after de- full of guile as an egg is of meat. It
ducting $53.40 for preservatives, left was Bain who devised, and for years
me $1,541.6o, with which I bought so successfully pushed the swindle of
22,023 dozen in 95, at 7 cents, and the "California cold process" for pre-
sold them at 28 cents; leaving me, af- serving- fruit.
ter-paying $216 for preservatives, $5,-
930.44, with which I bought 85.006 Pointers on Ducks.--No. 2.
dozen in '9,, at 7 cents a dozen, and Referring to general management,
sold them at z7 cents, after paying Mr. Rankin, in the Poultry Keeper,
$827 for preservatives, and $oo for says: We keep them in yards with
barrels to keep the eggsin, I had $2 z,- wire netting two feet high. Some of
924.6-2 made from an investment of them dress over ten pounds per pair,
$tos only three years before The the average being about nine pounds
hrst two earsI worked at my trade per pair. It is necessary to have
every day, and bought and sold my water dishes so constructed that they
eggs in the evening. I was not able can drink freely without getting wet
to put up eggs last year, being broken themselves. WVe use galvanized iron
in health, I am going to Ireland this tanks about the size of a six-inch pipe,
month to end my days at my old tight at one e ene and open at the other.
home. Small holes are bored through this
I will now give you complete direc- tank about quarter of an inch from the
tions for preserving eggs by the Al- top. It is then filled, or partly filled,
gretta method, with water, according to nuihber and
Take 36 gallons of water, put in it size of ducklings, and inverted into a
IS pounds of unslaked white lime, tin saucer half an inch deep and about
and 6 pounds salt, stir it several times an inch larger in diameter than the
a day, then let settle and draw off all tank, leaving a half-inch space for-the
that is clear; then take 4 ounces Per ducklings to drink from between that
Algretta, 8 ounces baking soda, 8 and the tank. The "water will ooze
ounces cream tartar, 8 ounces salt pe- out of the little holes just as fast as
ter, and 8 ounces borax; dissolve them they drink it and no faster.
in two gallons boiling water, and put "Ducklings should be fed about the
into your clear lime water; this will same as chicks for the first few days,
cover 300 dozen eggs. It costs about giving them milk, if to be had, by
one cent a dozen to preserve them. mixing their food with it. Care should
The Per Algretta keeps the eggs fresh be taken the first few days to keep the
and fresh looking. Some druggists do young ducklings warm and dry. For
not have it in stock, but can get it for the first week they will suffer more
you, as all wholesalers have it. from cold and wet than chicks; after
You can buy eggs in summer, from that time they will endure more of
country merchants for 7 cents, and either than chicks. Cornmeal, exclu-
have them shipped to you. Start with sively, is too concentrated, and will
$10 and by re-investing it every year, cripple them in their legs and feet. It
in 5 years you will have over $5,000. should be mixed with bran, boiled
Is not this worth trying? Put up a potatoes, etc. It is a pleasing and
few eggs right away, so next summer comical sight to see three or four hun-
when eggs are cheap, you will have dred young ducklings when first out.
confidence to preserve all you can. I They are much more interesting than
have started four friends in this busi- chicks, hardier, and if well cared for
ness and they are all doing as well as .he mortality is much less."
I did. Yours Truly, Campbell says ducks that are kept
JOHN O'NEAL. for breeding purposes must have a
We clip the above from The Money pond or water of some kind to swim
Maker, Vol. 11, No. I, which was sent in, else-the eggs will be largely infer-
to us with an article "A chance for tile, and there is .usually quite a large
everybody to make money," marked percentage of addled eggs in them,
in blue pencil, and we have printed imperfect germs, etc. This does not
about half of it above. The paper is agree with Mr. Rankin's experience,
published at- New Concord, Ohio. who generally has a very large per-
which fact at once stamps the entire centage of fertile eggs, and confines
scheme as an unmitigated swindle, his breederi-on land altogether. On
New Concord was one of the old Long Island some of the duckers -use.
stamping grounds of the notorious water for their breeding. birds and
Bain, who was reported to have been others do not, but Mr. 'Hallock, who
sent.to the penitentiary for fraudulent uses water, told the writer that he did
use of the mails. At any rate, we have not believe.it made much difference
not heard anything from him for sev. either way., -
"The be.t reinedy in etc r--.p-.:t 'or killing
grain ,n-ecti Bi.-ulphide of Carbon. It is
cheap, effectual and eaw.y to apply.-AIa. EK.
sta. Bulletin .
,end for free illu-trated pamphlet. It is in-
teresting. readable and will sare you m niv.
oDir-..R.- R. TAVtOR., Cle.eland, Ohio.
Le-: than r::.'.b l.:ts suppliid by S. G. Sear-
ing. iack-ouvlle. Fla.
A A J re ,
G. D. ACKERLY,
( EIIEIAL PAS-fl .ER AC..
THETROPICALTPL'iK 1 1111,
JACiSO LILLE. F ..L iILJ.
o0 TRIAL.-All Size, and Prices.
Rhod- 5-,eini V, :m I. -.) uar'Q6.eM6
-I an i.n clc trr i l'" .-.g-: rcniD. Sir.,. f.. -
I e er l.rnc-. u.ilrath, L-,- rih,-. --. ill. r fe r r -.;.. 1
Buckeye incubator Co., eyrrin.irfld, O n rrial. 11.
Duck eggs require turning and the
same general handling as hen's eggs
during the period of .incubation, says
Mr. Rankin, and the same amount of
heat, with a little more moisture after -.
they begin to pip.
Cooper says duck eggs are not more
difficult to hatch than hen eggs and
require about the same general treat-
ment. The only point to bear in.
mind is that they require more air be- :
cause they are larger and. are more :
difficult to dry down.' The air-cell-.
will have to be larger than in hten.
eggs, so as to give the duck room to
turn its somewhat large head and-bill.
The operator will have difficulty in a .
damp location in drying the egg suff--.
ciently unless care is taken. Temrn--
perature should be 103 degrees, *ith
a tendency below rather than above ".
Cool a little more than for a hen-e'gg'.';,
Campbell -says duck eggs and hen -
eggs can be hatched together, but will '
hatch best if by themselves. ,Th'e.-
shells are very tough.and many 6fth'e,
young ducks will have to be .helped
out, but when they are -out .they will:--
soon be as. lively as crickets. Great-
care must be used to give the' help -a
the proper time, as if done too soon-
the ducks will die. '- '- '
: -- ^--^ -^
The largest death rate from con0---
sumption in this country- is shown' by --
the Distsict of Colutibia. --
A I N mm; '
- .- ,-
24 THE PTLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.R- .TANTUArY 8.
Ducks are unlike chicks in that State News. Our Rural Home. ing a quickly as possible, and when
respect," coutilnues Mr. Campbell. ate ws. u u nearly dried pre-sing upon the wrong
"A chick that can nor get out alone ... ........-- .........----- *---.-.. -........ side upon several thicknesses of flan-
is seldom worth helping out, but a Grapes have passed up from a fruit The Daughter's Share. nel.
duck that is helped out is usually as of small acreage, a mere garden crop. From observation, it seems impossi- A very handsome crocheted tidy is
good as the one that can get out him until they are now the leading farm ble for the women or girls or the farm made or orange shaded silkateen,
self. crop in the celebrated grape sections. to acquire a knowledge of any trade or made in six wheels, three being joined -
Ducklings are like chicks in that A partv of six linanen known a profession without leaving home. Visit together and fastened to each side of
they require no loc.d for twentv-tour t. ah sig Cinm n", kwno hich the homes of our prosperous farmers, a length of wide orange satin ribbon.
hours after hatching out. They should the ah Sing Coran. hich surrounded as they are by fertile acres The ribbon is fringed to a depth of
first of all be given a few dros of about six motractnth o land near ernanto cultivate and fine building, and you v.ill find the two inches or may be pointed by
water, using care not to let themget re majority of the daughters absent. A doubling under and adorned by an
wet The should never, under anget Chinese cabbage, are no shipping few, perhaps, have become teachers, orange tassel (silk .
wcircumstances, beld ver, under any large quantities of these vegetables to but the greater number have gone into White or cream silkateen makes
c.rcuiflstances, be allowed water to New York, where thev command from the dr
swim in until they begin to feather; Ne to 2centsper pound. The cab- the dressmaking and tailor shops, or very dainty knitted caps for infants,
then water will do' them no harm, but t f s o e cu the stores of the adjoining towns, three balls being sulticient for the
they must have it before then at all bae weighed from six to eight pounds while those of the poorer class of farm work. Scts. per ball;: quite- a differ-
times to drink and wash their bills. each. ers may be found doing kitchen work ence between that and 35cts., the
Th't same food that is good to Mr. J. L. Chalker will exhibit at in the towns. It seerus as though it usual price for real silk.
raise chicks on will raise ducks. It the Clay County fair a tea plant were anything to get away from the MRS. J. W. \HEELER.
must be quite soft at first, and a little raised upon his place in Clay county. farm life. Ask many of these why they a-
water must be placed so they can get ft is 16 years old and measures leave the home, and they will tell you A business man is not the most pa-
a dip with each mouthful. A young eight feet across, is ever-green, and that it is because there are no induce- tient creature in the world. He can-
duck can not swallow unless they have frost does. not affect it. This bush ments to remain. They look around not wait to hear any long-drawn-out
water with each bite. A duck does produces one peck of seeds annually, and see many_who have spent the best story of the cause of his ailment. He
not swallow its food like any other The seed or plants can .be obtained years of their lives in larin work, re- doesn't care two straws about a fine
creature I know of; it seems to get of the owner.-Green Cove Spring. ceiving but their board and necessary spun theory of how he should treat
the food down by a number of spas- The new clay roads are revolution clothing, and when the time came for himself. He m'ay be predisposed to
modic jerks. There does not 'seem to izing travel so far as .railroads are dividing up the property, the boys scrofula, or consumption. 'That,"
be any action of the muscles of the concerned for short distances. The were given the farms, and the girls he %ill tell you has -nothing to do
throat in swallowing, and they choke dirt road travel now between Long- were given a miserable pittance of a with the case.' He wants to be well.
very easily unless the looo is soft and wood and Orlando is surprisingly few hundred dollars. Matrimony be. If he can be cured, write out a pre-
they have water. heavy, and nearly all of it used to go ing their only outlook, and not much scription and send in your bill. So,
by rail. -Orlando Reporter. choice being afforded, too often they here's the first part of the proposition.
lints About Poultry b. rail.-Orlando Reporter. were forced to seek refuge in a broth- Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Dii-
n. Abou Poultry. The Cuban cattle trust has canceled ers's home, and be treated as though cover is a microbe hunter and killer.
A supply of lime is absolutely nec. its orders for Florida cattle, and is the), were a burden. Many persons of scrofulous blood,
essary for the hens and there is no now buying in Texas because Texas This state of affairs might be reme. encourage the breaking out of,un-
better way to give this than in pound- stock is heavier and cheaper. It has died if the daughters were given the sightly sores, to prevent the disease
fed oyster shells. no ones, pounded already imported 0000 cattle assurance that, if they helped to man- going to the lungs. There is no need
ine, so as to hae ued, or fine gravel hichrs More than 00 acres of virgin ham- age the home, when the time came for of this state of dread and discomfort.
may also be used, or ne gravel which mock land has been cleared up this a division of the property, they would Purify the blood. It can be done.
contains limestone. what makes pou- fall and winter for additional crors share equally with the brothers. With Golden Medical Discovery" will
these little-hins is wat makes poul- next spring around Braidentown, Pal. this incentive, there would be more cure 95 per cent. of all consumptive
try pay in winter. metto, Manatee,: Ellenton and Terra interest manifested, and remunerative cases, also of all other lingering bron-
Clover hay, scalded and chopped, is Ceia Island.-Braidentown News. work could be accomplished, the chial, throat and lung diseases.
an excellent rood for laying hens. It
should be made-fine through the feed Peter Aarup gives it as his opinion daughters then feeling thatBrowns Brochial Troches arehad
cutter. Green food is positively nec- that the manufacture of cassava into become self-supporting. Avenues of Browns Bronchial Troches are
essar to health ad happiness, as well baby food will be one of the most- lu- profitable work, such as the fruit and ofgreat service in subduing Hoarseness
essaproductiveness. chickens cannot creative pursuits to follow in the near vegetable garden in the summer, and and Coughs. Sold only in boxes.
obtain it in winter unless we are care- future. There is certainly a bright such staples as butter, eggs and fowls Avoid imitations.
ful to supply their d hands prospect for the party who will manu- through the year, might be opened, CHEAP JOHNNy, CAKE.-Three cups
Kafir corn is good for e ttle chicks facture this crop into food products.- and a portion of this revenue could be of meal, one cup of flour, one and a
wKar aorn is good for lttle chicks Green Cove Springs. expended in books and magazines, and half cups of molasses, one egg, one -
s smell as for oleat, and he brood On te beautiful lawn of Mr. E. F. other things that would tend to make teaspoonful of baking powder; mix
wis -smaller than wheat, and the brood a n Sp e beautiful lawf A In r. E.F the home one of 'cultured refinement with milk or water.
will begin to eat it before they are a Sperry whose home pinery adjoins and happiness, in fact, the ideal home. .
week old, and will grow like magic. this office, is to be seen a fine cinna- -Rural New Yorker. Trouble in Keeping Meat.
Eat what they will, they will not be mon tree fully twenty feet high withMr. H. Woods, Jr., writes me in
come crop bound, for the Kaftir corn a branching foliage probably fifteen Silkateen. regard to borax as'a preventative of
does.,not swell. feet in circumference near the ground. For Our ural meat rom bugs, and as t the risk o .
ll fowls are so constituted that ones deed.a noble specimen, and Among the novelties in materials using it in regard to health. Consid.-
water, of which most of them drink a ear by is also a camphor tree stilown.l for fancy work is "silkateen," a close ering the last first. I n ill say that borax
great deal, passes off through the skin larger. This came through.the imitation of knitting silk, "but which is the basis of a largely advertised
-.'- .' ,and breath to a large extent, and not freeze without injury.-Orlndo Sen comes for a mere song. It is put up preservative of milk and meats, kni w
through -.the kidneys. The manure of tine. in oo yard spools like bona-fide silk as preservaline, but on account of the
-' fowls, therefore, contains their urine as and comes in all the favorite colors, injurious nature of this substance it is
a' solid excrement, and is recognized The directors of the W\inter Park white, black, reds, blues, orange, forbidden by all rhe boards of health .
by is white color. a i Horticultural Association, held a greens, pink, blue and a variety of of the large cities to tibe used for pre-' 'c-. .
meeting at the lWinter Park company's shaded colors, which are especially serving any articles of food. Borax
S Few realize what and how much office recently for the purpose of or- pretty in making, knitted doilies or is a strongnerve stimulant and diuretii ',
the lose when they neglect the say- ganizing the fair they contemplate mats, also crocheted edgings for fine and both of these effects on the person
ng- of their chicken manure. It is holding in Winter Park some time flannel skirts. The silkateen has using this substance are considered by-
-wastefutand unthrifty to allow poul, toward the close of February next. probably not a thread of silk, it is all-medical men to be dangerous -to'
tr i' -of any) kint to. roost at n ght in The success which crowned the socie- supposed to be linen, finished in some health. The constant use of it'in any n
rees n fnces or anywhere, ex ty's efforts on previous occasions, n- peculiar manner which results in a *form, when mixed with food o, .any-,-
-over a compost heap or a tight board duces its members to believe that the high luster, which.,is almost as effect- kind, is apt to produce disase'eve'rt.111'-
..floor. forthcoming fair will achieve still ive as real silk. healthful persons. but-tho-se who are-
-The flooring under the hen roost more satisfactory results. Though- I have used it for Christmas work weakly will probably,'suffer .seiuoussiy.-
-hould be smooth and close. Dry the-fair will-be held in Winter Park, but have not as yet tested its launder- if even a small quadtity- is tafen re-
-eathor sand mixed with land plaster, the association with a-view. to placing ing virtues, yet I am inclined to think peatedly. It is poisonous td.sif-alli
no.- and then sprinkled with a solu- the -enterprise on the broadest possible that it may be washed just as satisfac- sects like meat- bugs; but wese'hsuld2i
ti ".of copperas, should be spread over bssis and inducing outsidecompetion, torily as real knitting silk, which we not be-too ready to use such iitidoteti
-his floor.every day, and the whole have advertised it as the Winter Park wash in tepid after dsing ivory soap 'for those which miglit be injiiojs .tos '-%
^ "cleaned off at least-weekly. I.Distritt Fair.-Orlando Star.. instEd of ordinary yellow. w soap. dry- ourselves.'
1898 flU FLORIDA FARMER AND flUIT-GROWKR. 25
I have had my own troubles with
these bugs or beetles, more properly.
But a very simple remedy I have
found to be cheap and effective. This
it to line the meat house with finewire
gauze over the windows and the ven-
tilators at the eaves, and to make/the
walls and roof tight, so as to exclude
these pests. Another means of safety
is to wrap each piece of meat in paper,
or putt it in one of the cheap paper
bags, tying the neck tightly and hang-
ing each in the meat house. It is quite
true that these insects will eat their
way through cloth, unless it is quite
thick, but if the cloth is painted over
with thick lime wash. in which a little
orpiment is mixed to give a yellow
color, no beetles will eat through it.
It is true that orpiment is poisonous,,
but it never touches the meat, and a
very small quantity is sufficient to pre-
serve the cloth from injury by insects.
Doubtless borax might be used in-
stead of the orpiment, and with per-
fect safety. Mr. Wood asks me if I
have ever tried the borax, to which I
may say I have not for reasons that
are obvious, knowing its injurious
character. I have the same objection
to the use of salpeter for the curing of
meat, as this is a strong uterine stimu-
lant and diuretic, and when frequent-
ly used is apt to produce disorder of
the kidneys. Thus its use as a medi-
cine for horses is objectionable, as
well as for it curing the meat. If
any addition to the salt is used it
should be sugar, which is an excellent
preservative, and gives a very desira-
ble flavor to the meat. It is also a
very useful addition to the salt used
for butter, one part of it to three of
salt acting as a most effective agent to
prevent decomposition and preserve a
One other letter comes from Mr.
Dillard, of Florida, in regard to this
matter of borax. He insists that bo-
rax will preserve meat from attacks of
flies and insects of all kinds. It is
unquestionably true that if used in
sufficient quantity it will do this, but
it must be used in such a quantity as
will make the meat unsafe for con-
sumption. The effect of borax on all
kinds of flesh is to decompose it, and
it is for this reason that it is used in
medicine for the purpose of removing
what is known as proud -flesh in
words, that is diseased tissue, which
grauulates and poisons wounds or ul-
ceis, and it is not at all a desirable
thing to take into the stomach, espec
ially when better and safer means may
be taken to protect the meat. As a
rule, the use of all such so-called. pre-
servEt %es is to be condemned rather
but hope it is a perennial. Please an-
swer by card or in the paper, and
oblige. CH-s. H. BUNCE.
Belleair, Hillsborough Co., Fla.
It is an annual, and musftbe raised
from seed every year.
A Streak of Fat and a Streak of Lean.
The Irishmans idea of a streak cf fat
and a str ea f len in pork is bedoiing
more-popular since the introduction of
cottolene and other processes of cheapen-
ing lari to) a finire far be-low the other
portions of the hog, but the Irishman's
method of attainining it by weekly alter-
nations of feeding and starving the
"%gentleman what pays the rint" has been
improvedd upon by continuous feeding of
such foods as produce fat or leir, pork.
We give the results with illustrations
from experiments at the Alabama Ex-
periment Station of an attempt to feed
hogs for that. lean meat whihb is now so
much wanted in pork. The pictures are
from cuts of the poi k made after the ani-
mals were, slaughtered. They show the
proportion of fat and lean made by the
different methods of feeding. Hogs fed
on corn alone. of course, ran to fat. Those
receiving a mixture of corn and cowpeas
made much lean meat and made their
gain at least, expense.
Those fed on a mixture of corn and
wheat bran gave about the same lean
meat as the corn and cowpea lot but at a
siiehtly greater cost for feeding. In de-
coding on what to feed it would be a
question to be settled according to the
locality of the feeder, whether cowpeas
.*r wheat iran is the cheaper.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
This is a plant or bush of which my-
self and one other person are the only cOWPE.S ALQNE.
ones who have it about here. Seed was Of the four lots of hogs fed we give
given me by a winter resident, the, here picturesof samples of lot No. 1, fed
large buds of which make a very fine on corn alone. No. 2, fed on cowpeas
jelly, jam, and are also used for pies, peas.
nearly equal to cranberries at the The Alabama Agricultural Station,
North. Is it-an annual or perennial, or where the experiments. were made. has
will I have to raise plants from seed led the way in a most useful field of in-
*-every year to keep it? Have had investigation.
m many inquiries about it, and for it; shall In sumingaup res ults asubised ina
* keep some of the seed to be sure of it, tion Stockman says:
The lean meat bog is undoubtedly
gaining in flavor. Consumers demand
more lean and less fat than formerly,
and slauahterers are paying more fo:r
lightweight hogs than f)r tliuse which
contain a large proportion of lard*
The experiment, at the Alabama station
conducted by Prof. J..F. Duggar was
made with twelve pure bred Essex pigs,
ofas near the same size and quality as
possible, divided into four lots of three
each. The pigs were all fed on corn ex-
clusively for twenty-one days, after
which the feed was changed an.] the
feeing continued for sixteen weeks.
We hope the readers of the Ruralist
engaged in growing pork will procure
the bulletin of the Alabama Experiment
Station, Auburn, Ala., and give the mat-
ter the attention the subject deserves.
The cowpea can be grown with little cost,
harvested by the hog and the soil left in
condition for corn or cotton with the
addition of potash and phosphoric acid
to the pea crop.
A ration of corn: and cowpeaa resulted
in the greater number of pounds of pork
and at less cost per pound than an ex-
clusive diet of either. The farmers of
the South are just. beginning to realize
'the mine of wealth existing in the cow-
pea when properly worked.-Soutbern
Al t'his* o in
All the elements of restoring or bring-
ing into fruitfulness Southern soils are
found in the South except potash, and
this cn be bought for four cent- a pound.
The cowpea, velvet, bean and begier-
weed will gather the nitrogen, the phos-
CORN AND COWpE 3S.
p'-ate beds of Fl.:rida and North Caro-
litia the phosphate. The above crops
fertilized with pholiiphorc acid amnV pit-
ash, and tle scurnd crop (after harvest.
ing a fodder cipi turned under will make
a complete fertilizer for other crops.
Catarrlh Canniot be Cured
with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as
they cannot reach the seat of the dis-
ease. Catarrh is a blood or constitu-
tional disease, and in order to cure it
you must take internal remedies.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally
and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is not a quack medicine. It was
prescribed by one of the best physi-
cian-s in this country for years, and is
a regular prescription. It is composed.
of the best tonics known, combined
with the best blood purifiers, acting
directly on the mucous surfaces. The,
perfect combination of the two ingre-
dients is what produces such wonder-
ful" results in curing Catarrh. Send
for testimonials, free
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props.,
Sold by druggists, price 75C.'
The successful growers of
have found out that only by
the liberal use of fertilizers con-
taining io% and over of actual
can they raise large crops of
well flavored,, richly 'colored
We have some special circulars and par-.
phlets on this subject. They are free. Send
GERMAN KALI WORKS
93 Nassau St., New York.
"WHAT ARE WE
makes sausage, scrapple and
hogs-head cheese quickly aid
thriftily-saves you as muqh in
one busy week as. It costs.
Chops meats, vegetables, fish.
Steadily perfected for 15 years. }
F1or tai. by au daEjers. Smau famiiy.sze.j.,
No. 5. Chops one pound a minute,
Lar f.mly bue, No. 10, S3. Chop& two
r-,.nn.1a minute. Send4-c. In stamp, fr the
**Ent-rpruing Housekeeper "--00 recipes. .t
THE ENTERPRISE MFG. CO. of PA.. Phila. '
.erIpt' Usc hf;laricuam.
ra pc /..H.n.y s .
Extra fine stock of CURRANTS, Including the
niwr d L an r.vai red WILDE R.L&west rate .Quallt
CaXea WaTin Lid rIulo. IHTBBARD O., FCndai,S.L
kind to raise all vegetables iilcldy.'
Fungioldem and, Insectecides ti tp V f
blhiht. rot and loss by insects. Gel a pamp :
POWELL FERTILIZER & CHEMICAL Ci,
BALTIMORE. MD. '
In one tribe of spiders the fem s,
one thousand three hundred times gs.
large as the male.
Hit'- FLORIDA FARMER AND FRurT-GRown.
26 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JANUARY 8
Florida Farmer and Fruit Ir0wfr. fered by the regular curriculum of the Nursery Catalogues Received. ing seedling fruit in one of the groves
college. GLEN Sr. MlARY NURCEF ie. -The in the northern part of town yesterday. ...
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main e are confident, however, that senior nursery 61 Baker county needs which was as green as alfalfa hay just -
Street, Tacksonville. Fla. many of these persons fully recognize no introduction at our hands: noft to cut. The further fact that the .truit
TrRM3 oF SUBSORIPTION that knowledge is power and that the know this establishment argues one- was small as well as green would -indi-
For ne Year .............................. e.o00o e o o self unknown. The catalogue is lack- cite that some one wants oranges back
ar si t month. ....................... ...... most successful conducting of agricu ing none of its traditional beauties of east terribly bad if such fruit can be
IP "'oregn cointrles ....................... s3. tural operations demands a more or execution and excellencies of matter sold.
r'Suberiptions in all cases cash in less intimate familiarity with the prin- which render it not only a complete '-
advance. No discount allowed on onewr
wnsubscription(excepttnaclub),butto ciples, laws and sciences on which ag- index of fruits and vines for this lan. See on the second page of the cover,
agenda liberal cash commission will ricultural practice rests, and would tude but also a treatise on their culti some articles that you may require,
be owed on all suberiptions obtained gladly give a part of their time to the vation and protection. Fw nursery. and which we can procure or you, in
by them. Write for terms. gladly give a part of their time to the men volunteer to give this valuable connection with this paper, cheaper -
To every subscriber, new or old, remit- acquiring of such information as the' advice. than you can otherwise get them.
ting us $3.00, we will send the paper one Iacilities ol the college make possible. O
year and a copy of Rolfs' Vegeteible It is in the interests of such persons as PoMoNA NuRSERics.-The junior A writer from Nogales, Mex., says:
Growing In the South for Northern these that this winter course has been nursery of Baker county displays the -The season of the Sonora orange is
rketsp ea we ost-paid.en d inaugurated and will be conducted. well known enterprise of its proprie- in full blast. Shipments are going
poepaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange Theeminent teacher of agriculture, trs beginning on a humble scaleand out by train-loads, ind the pickers are.
Culture." Professor H. E. Stockbridge, of whose winning their way to the present pos- at work by the thousands. The crop
Remittancesshould be made by check, life and works we published an ac- session of hundreds of acres, largely is not easytoe
postal note. money order or registered count several weeks ago, together set in nursery stock, and a business somewhere between 300 and-500 car-
otter toorderof with Professors P. H. Rolfs, in horti one hundred per cent. greater than load. All of this goes to the-United-
Rates of advertising on application culture and botany, A. A. Persons in last ear, including the shipment o States, the cities of Denver, St.. Louis
FARa D eUIT GROWER, chemistry, N. H. Cox in mechanics eight car loads as far north as Phila- and Chicago. being favorite markets. -
Jacksonville, F a. and A. L. Quaintance in entomology, delphia. Both these fine nurseries of The Sonora orange bears-heavily, the -
will conduct this new department. Baker county, though considered to fruit-is small, very early, the skin thin
Our Agents. W\'e wish it abundant success. be quite out of the orange- bell,.have and the flavor exceptionally fine. It
In a section so sparsely populated found it necessary since the freeze, in will take a good deal of duties on the
as Florida, it will not pay any news- .order to supply the demand, to en- the part of the Unted States to keep -
paper except a metropolitan daily to Prices of Newspapers. gage in growing orange trees of fifteen out the Sonora orange. It gets into
keep a traveling solicitor. Ve must Some of our patrons complain that or twenty varieties. Apparently the the market early enough -to secure-
therefore depend on local agents, and orange growers believe it an advan- fancy prices-in fact, so early as to
especially postmasters. Asit is our $2.oo a year is too much for a news- tage to procure trees grown as far be praiticallyv out of the market be.
steadfast policy to avoid all claptrap, paper in these hard times; that they north as possible in order to increase fore the California produce is ready.
"something for nothing" schemes, we their hardiness.
do not ask our agents to give us some- can get any number of agricultural ROYAL PALM NuRsERiES.-At-the The protection which Mr. Plant has
thing-for. nothing. We offer a cash papers, containing more reading mat- other extreme end of the state, Onecod, placed around wild birds is an act of :--.
commission of twenty-five per cent,, ter than the Farmer and Fruit-Grower Manatee county, the Reasoner Broth- humanity worthy of practice- by ;
that is, you reserve fifty cents from ers are also engaged, in addition to others. Large flocks of wild -ducks----
every subscription and send us $1.50. gives, for less money, even down to their very full list of tropical and semi and pelicans have become completely
Or if you prefer to raise a club, say of fifty cents a year. No doubt of it; tropical plants and trees,, in propa- domesticated by kindness. What a-
five to ten names,we will send the paper gating citrus trees of about twenty-five world of pleasure is lost to mankind-
a jear for $t.5o and one copy free for there are plenty of agricultural papers varieties. This admirable establish- in general by the- wanton destruction
a year to the one getting up the club. tobe had for small fractions of.a dol- rent, which almost girdles the earth of birds. Mr. Plant allows no.one to-
lar and their editors ever trod a fur with its business, is worthily present- molest them on his property; and-with--
The location of the Polk County ed:in this artistic piece of work. Oce almost human intelligence they- flock
Fair will be on the southwest side of row or pruned a tree. The growers thing especially commendable in it is to this refuge of safety. If others had
pretty Lake Morton. The company who want a paper for the index which enables one in a mo- exercised the same missions of-mercy,
pretty Lake 1h who want a paper for twenty-fivel or m ir
has purchased eight acres of land ment to ind anything desired. Florida, instead of being nearly de
from the C. B. Owens estate at a cost fifty cents a year are evidently not populated of rare birds, would have.a a :
of one thousand dollars. The tract doing a profitable business; with them Value and Uses of Cotton Seed Waste. veritable flocking place instead.-,-
-of land runs to the water's edge of the "Cotton-seed waste, which a gen- Tampa Tribune. -
lake, extending back to Florida avenue. farming don't pay. The subscrib- eration ago accumulated at the gin- e D f this
A large portion of it is rolling- and ers of the Fa and and Fruit-Grower houses, filled up the streams, rotted in place ha. been shipping nursery '
.covered entirely with beautiful shade the fields, and became an irritating sc te nursery y....
scored entirelyit bau lsad are mostly men who make money in sus no worth abou t ct ffo r mpthe nursery anmosth
S-trees.- Work of clearing the land will are mostly men who make money in nuisance is now worth about thirty stock rm thei nursery almost daily
S-be commenced in a short time.-Lake- their business and have money to pay millions of dollars a year," writes ruthre past three months,viand other ..
land Sun. forwhat they want. They want this illiamGeoge ordan on wonderss been doing the sme iciA greatiesmany
want.-_ .of the World's W\aste," in Ladies bee thee A greath many
Agriculture to Be Taught at the Agri- paper because they learn practical Home Journal. "Every, bale of cot- th tre bu the r r por
c.-.:- -. -ultural College. horticulture an4 agriculture from it, as ton leaves a legacy o half a ton tion are bein shipped throuhot our
seed, :which, it is said, brings the t ebe n e tro or
With the opening of the present taught by men (chiefly our honored planter nearly as much as his -cotton. celebrated "orange belt-region where
college year the Florida Agricultural correspondents) whose palms are The oil is used for finer grades of orange culture has been proven a suc ..
S College-established for .the- first time hard with labor and hose brain soap, as a substitute. for lard, and is f occurland aton.--Taeger.e -tem
-:-.in;its history, a distinct department of hard with labor and whose bras are r olive oil that anexpertcan :-
Agriculture. stored with the -results of intelligent hardly detect the difference. The The real facts in the cage are, that:-.
Now, in further recognition of the and prosperous working lives. hulls are.fed to cattle, make an excel- pessimistic estimators of- the frost- 1
Importance of this step and in the at lent fuel, are valuable as paper stock, damage do not place the entire loss 1 -. -
-lenipt What is believed to be both a The Farmer and Fruit Grower is and when burned the ashes make-a at more than 300,000 boxes, while the.
Strict nd-liberal compliance with the eminently the business farmer's paper. fertilizer which is most efficacious. It larger portion of those well pbsted,-
-laws ceating'and maintaining the in- h as recently been discovered that place the damage-at lialfthat ifigur."
Stitutiofi, a short winter course inag- It appealsto a class who know the cotton seed oil, with-the addition of There are plenty-of oranges left,.and:
--riculture .aid related branches is difference between sidewalk farming eighteen per cent. of crude India they are of the highest qualitjyfat-that
opened in the specialinterests of the and that which comes out of th fur- rubber, makes an imitation- whicn- -Redlands; Cal.,Citrograph. -
IRX-'--agrcultiuralcommunty of our State. oe cannot be distinguished from genuine --Comparing value with-valueas it re2'
S-Z is believed that.Flonida contains row. It appeals to a class who seek rubber." aspects nourishment, potatoes. are-two
c hsidr ble numbers of men already and expect to obtain, their money's r n and one-half times as -expensive as-,
si. ledl nthempractsce ofvanous agr- -- reen Oranges.: bread -Foodsand He --
ulturalpursuits and of young men in- worth between the two covers of the The shipping of half-ripe oranges .- .
._ tenhding.to enter upon such occupa-, paper they subscribe for, and not still goes on with great vigor, remarks '. .- a iarm.to-ruit -ith .-.ef.
K to.q. who are prevented by citcumys- u the Riverside, Cal., Enterprise- of -a nte dea o a market is.as foolish as
stan iifrom p;ursuirig a full and ex- partly (or mostly) pieced out with ateissue. One of the rms_ shipping to build ashore factory-wt no-pla
t0 4 cod of study a s f- cheap gifts. from this city had a crew of men pick-for t sal f man f ure A_
- --% .U , :J ,_ :: .' > .- .. -. ., .-. . - _. .. -. = _= .,. .. .. =. --: j=.7 -_ "r:=:.. - _,,e_ . =
1898.TH FLRAFA flADfUTO WU.2
The Cold Snap.
The cold wave ol January I and 2
was a straight blow from the north-
west, which produced a temperature,
at the weather station here (thermom-
eter on the roof of a three-story house)
of 23 degrees. Last winter it
reached 21 degrees, yet the damage
done was insignificant compared with
that of this season, because then the
weather was stormy and cloudy, while
this winter the sun shone out bright
on the frosted trees and plants.
Tender vegetables, of course, are
killed almost universally as far south as
Sanibel island on the west coast and
Jensen on the east, except in localities
protected by water or where artifici-
The damage done to the orange
trees varies exceedingly. Hundreds
of them here in 'Jacksonville, in the
shade of houses standing southeast of
them, or in cultivated gardens, have
not. even rolled their leaves; while
others a rod distant, not protected
from the morning sun, especially when
standing in the grass, are probably
killed, though they may sprout above
the bud, were they are budded. The
same conditions prevail throughout
the State down as far as Orange River.
The trees which have been growing
since the freeze of t895, and are there-
fore called "old trees," will, in most
: cases, lose a part or all of their leaves,
at the worst. Young trees, especially
tender shoots from buds inserted' last
summer, are killed back from a few
inches to a greater part of their length.
-But there are many groves, the entire
idth of the orange belt, practically
un- unharmed; young and old trees alike.
The pineapple crop of next summer
will be materially shortened, not in the
number of the fruits but in the dwarf-
ing of them from the chilling of the
plants. Only old plants, weakened
from bearing, are killed; the younger
and vigorous ones will sprout from the
bud, even though killed back thus far,
which is very seldom the case. Gen-
erally there is only a freezing of the
Both the orange and the pineapple
orchards have suffered a considerable
set back. The out put of vegetables
and strawberries will be about as large
-as it would have been if there had been
-The thermometer readings reported
down through the State, ranging as low
---.een as r2 degrees, are, of course,
apocryphal because made by untrust-
w.-:-.worthy instruments. As goes Jack-
sonville in one of these sweeping broad-
iides, so goes the State-due allowance
-:7. being made for small variations owing
to .local causes and steadily decreasing
New York Market.
A- Oranges, etc., Florida, fancy, bright,
best size, 4.00; straight lines, 3.50to 3.75.
russet, choice, 3.25 to 3.50; rough and
coarse; 2.50 to 3.00; grape fruit,, bright,
Super box, 5.00 to T.00; Mandarins, 4.00 to
-:b.00; Tangerines, 5.00 to 8.00; Straw
-' : beirrties. Florida, fancy; large, per quart,
-.60:to .75; pineapples, Florida, per
-case, 2.00 to 3.50. Sav. steamer brought
exily 700 pkgs. Florida vegetables ; most
of the itock was -more or less touch-
ed' with frost and values show a wide
Strange. A few string beans realized
7:;2.00 to 2.25, but most stock was too
por to exceed 1.25 to 1.75 and very
N=- r-.-. _
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Jan. 8, 1897.
FRUITS AND PRODUC.E.
Corrected by Marx Bros.
These are average quotations. Rxtra choice
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
lots sell ower.
Apples, per barrel.................... 4.25 to 4.50
Pines ........... .. .... ................ .... .50
Lemons, Messina,................box.... -3.75
English Peas, dried ............... bus........s.15
Peanuts, best brand................04 to .05
Potatoes, ............. .........bbl......... ..60
Seed Chili, Red........................... 3.50
Rarly Rose ............ .................. 3.00
Hebron ... ...................................3.00
Dakota Red.................................. 3.00
Onions, ........................bbl ........ 3.oo
ggs......... .; ........- dos..........so
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
Yellow Tamus, .................bush .40
Sweet Potatoes ..................... 35 to, .40
Hubbard squash, ................ bbl z.50--.O
Lettuce, .................-- do 15 to 25
Celery. Florida.............--- 25-30
Egg Plants.................. .bbl.. 3.00-3.50
Tomatoes, .......... crate.... 50 to 2.00oo
Sweet Pepper, .............- bu 1.50
Green Beans ................. crate .25 1 7to
Pumpkins, ........ ........ each .5 to .1o
Kershaws, ......... .........each .3to .10
Parsley,.......per do. bunches 5-.30
Green onions,.....per doz. bunches .25
Pepper, hot,............bushel .5oto 1.oo
Sage, well cured.............. .....lb .25
Hens.. ... .... .30 to35
Roosters.-.--.. .....- .. .20.to .25
Half-grown..- .-- ........... 15 to. 5
Turkeys ...... --per pound., grossa .ioto .Z12
Ducks.-.-. ...- ... to .30
Geese, .................... .40
Leeks ...........per doz bunches. .3oto. 5
Radishes, ................... per doz I'5
Cucumbers ....... .............crate 1.50 to 2.00
Spinach ................ per bushel x.a5-i -50
Cauliflower........... ......perbbl 3 o0t 4.50
Turnips...................... ..... bnc.h .03
Florida Honey,......pound section .10
Ncw Potatoes........................3.00 to 3.5o
few wax brought over LW0. Not many
peas arriving but there is very little de-
mand. Tomatoes moving very slowly
with poor green almost unsalable. Egg
plants scarce and firm for choice. Pep-
pers steady. Cucumbers were nearly all
touched with frost and such dragged
heavily at low figures; most sales from
about 1.00 to 1.5u. Florida lettuce sold
slowly in range of 1.00 to 2.00 only a few
fancy marks higher. Cauliflowers, choice
to fancy, per bbl., 4.00 to 6.00; fair to
good, 2.00 to 3.00.; Cucumbers, Florida,
per crate, 1.00 to 2.25 ; Egg plants, Flori-
da, per bbl., 5.00 to 8.00; per box, 2.50
to 4.00; per bushel, crate, 1.00 to 1.50;
Lettuce, Florida, per basket, 1.00 to 2.00;
Peppers, Florida, per carrier, 1.50 to 2.50;
String beans, Florida, wax, per basket,
1.00 to 2.00; per crate, 1,00 to 1.75; green,
per basket, 1.00 to 2.25; per crate, 1.00 to
2.00; Tomatoes, Florida, prime to fancy,
per carrier, 2.00 to 2.50; poor to good,
1.00 to 1.75.
FasNCu & Co.
Oranges, choice to fancy brights, per
box. 3.25 to 4.00, Russetts, 3.00 to 3.50;
Rough and ordinary stock, 2.25 to 2.75;
Graple fruit, per box, 4.00 to 6.50; Tan-
gerines, choice to fancy, per half box,
3.50 to 5.00; Mandarins, 3.00 to 4.00; Pine-
apples, Smooth Cayenne, per pine, .25
to .60; per crate, 2.50 to 3.50; Toma-
toes, choice to fancy ripe, per carrier, 2.25
to 3.00; Egg plants, choice to fancy, large,
per bbl., 7.00 to 9.00; per box, 3.50 to
4.50; small and ordinary, 2.00 to 2.50;
Squashes, choice to fancy (wrapped), per
orange box, 1.50 to 2.00; Green peas, per
box or bas., 1.50 to 3.50; Cucumbers, 2.50
to 4.00; String beans, wax, 2.00 to 2.75;
Green, 2.00 to2.75; Okra, per carrier, 2.50,
to 3.00; Peppers, large green per carrier,,
2.26 to 3.00; Lettuce, Florida choice to'
fancy, well headed, per bas., 1.50 to 2.00;
Cauliflower, Florida, per jbbl. case, 4.00
to 5.00; Strawberries, per quart, .40 to .75.
E. B. REDFIELD & CO.
81TURTIONS 8GUHRED FOR. STUDENTS.
/^(^v)~~ p ^ ^
THE GREAT SCHOOLS OF THE SOUTH.
CHEAPEST AND BEST.
Send for Catalogue, Address Nearest School.
WILLIAM A. BOURS,
Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,
as wyanr nAr ar.,9 JAc:reoWZrv3xECL.B, rXA.
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of
May, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,
Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright -and Dark.
STATE AGENTS FOR
PURE GROUND BONE
YTgert-Allen Fertilixer o. A NITRAT
Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE (
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE
Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINI
These Pertlisers have no superior nla the market, and a trial will convince.
Saud forCatalealne *ee.
It is not always the cow which pro-
duces the most milk orbutter that isthe
most profitable. One that produces 200
lba. may pay better than a 300 lb. one,
for in the first case the yield of butter
may not be proportionate to the amount
of food eaten.
A dairyman fed a dry cow a measure
of grain in presence of some visitors,
saying, "with her rough food this is just
enough to keep her in good health."
Then added, "But when she is giving
milk she has the measure twice full; once
full supports her and the second measure
is all transformed into milk."
Milk is a perfect rood-a perfectly bal-
ancedration. A quart of milk, weighing
2.2 pounds, contains as much nourish-
ment as three-fourths pound of sirloin
steak. With steak at16 cents a pound,
much milkis worth. 12 cts. per quart,
In selling and paying for Frits and V -
etables shipped to us Is our motto.
GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
FIRST PLACE BECAUSE-WE NEVER-' '--
BUY OURSELVES. They are .protected -
by our 4o years experience without default.- .
a dollar. Enquirer as to our standing -
and financial stability which any -bank or
merchants having mercantile reports can
vergy-then try usq-WE BELIEVE OUR_
METHOD WILL SATISFY VOUtP"'Sesd
your name for our quotations. Stencil snd4. --
cards free. Letters promptly answered. -
FRENCH & CO-
I Warren St., New York. ';
-. -. .
_ .--. .. . 4 .
~~~~~-- '=:'=L -.
--'": _-. ', -:-.. -: -,-3:",:c .--.. -' --'.--:=-..--- .,- ': : --: -. -=- _-= -,'- .: :k. -- .. ... ." ..
- ..: ..= = e.e J7".f, =. .;. ,- . . - __ 3 '_-Z-T.- Y~ y ..,-. .'. .r. ". .. -, -. ? '. C
Conducting a legitimate banking business
upon strictly commercial lines.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK oF FLORIDA,
JAC.KCSOlrTIT L E;, FLA.
Solicits the business of merchants, planters and fruit growers
All accounts have personal attention. Drafts on Eng-
land and the continent bought and sold on favorable
terms. R. C. COOLEY, Cashier.
JAflES M. SCHU1IACHER, President.
THN PLOBIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-eROWaB.
~ --.' i-- ^ .: ^-- : *. ... '*. .
4-1..- -- .".-:
d-;: -- -:T
* -, ,, -
THE ONLY PERFECT ALl AROUND WOVEN WIRE FARM FENCE.
OUR 11 BAR 48 INCH ALL PURPOSE FARM FENCE.
Our LOOP KNOT entirely new feature, .patented,l provides PERFECT EXPANSION and CONTRACTION,
.-. ~ and-keeps it TIGHT at all TE MPERArTURES,--Our-LOO-P K-NOT being uniformly distributed throughout each
i footof the fence Is, In effect,ebe sameas placing -ONE-GOI-L of a SPIRAL SPRING in every foot tnrougbout
the entire length of the fence, besides materially :strengthening It.
Th.e LOOP KNOTS make the. fence PLAINLY. VISIBLE an'd ALL JOINTS NON-SPLITTING. It Is HOG- N
STIGH'r and BIULL-STRONG. Will turn all klnds of:stock without Injuring them. N
:- S I i It Is HANDSOME easily erected, will not sag, Is easily adjusted to uneven ground and will give entire
r. satisfaction. Madof the very -best-, doubly-annealed galvanized steel v.Ire. Top and bottom wires No. 9. -
Other holizontal'wtres No. LI.. STAY'WI E No. 11--STRONGEST oifany similar fence mane "
We make ALL SIZES OF FENCE for ALL PURPOSES from 8 to 12 BAR and FROM-28 tob 68 INCHES HIGH. Na
WRITE FOR ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE which exliialus everything .
W.het'e we-havr-no agents a LIBERAL DISCOUNT ,will be given on an INTRODUCTORY order. 9With h
Sptees', advanelng -YOU WIEL. SAVE MONEY -by placing your- order..NOW for Spring delivery AND HAVV-
... INGFEiNCE SHriPPEDc-WHEN WANTED? .
S OUR LOOP. -i,- RELIABLE AND ENtRGETIC FARMER AGENTS WANTED IN EVERY TOWNSHIP. Ci
PITTSBURG WOVEN WIRE FENE-C'O... PITTSBiBRG. PA. AM
l Breed The Hog For Which' There Is oils hate so reduced the .,rice of lard
-"- "-" A Demand; makes the Berkshire a preferable breed
Judging a Cow and Making the Most Correspondent American SwineLherd. for the South.- C
of Her. It must be conceded that the ho- that
Andrew J. Fuller in the Independent comes nearest meeting the present de- .The fence in question is of particular
--. givlib followinpoints to be observed mands oft.he pork market is the one, importance to farmer: and stock taisets.
in selecting a-cow.: other,things being equal, that should The old .rail fence has seen its day. For
The = i.kcow Abhcold. have, a small, be bhe most popular hog- for farmer.- It some years.iron and steel have been Ji
clean, rather long head, tapering toward will be further acknowledged that the sibwly but surely.takiig the place
.the muzzle. The mouthhould be large class of porkhos most suitable 20 years of wood,, and to-day, the. successful .aud
and brose.,the eye bright and sparkling, ago would not meet with the same favor progressive fat mer in replacing 'his. fence
but placM'i'eirressio6i With no indica- to-day. 'The hog'that grows':apidly aud considers which one of the sereiml koven
t'-.., tion. fdwiriddes. The hbians should be matures early, and does- it on the least I wire fences will best suit hit wants.
small,. short,- tapering, yellowish- and quantity of feed, is proliflb in its produd- Improvements from time to time-have
glistening. The neck should be small, tion of young has the choicest quality of been made, until to day they are. as near
thin and tapering towardithe head, but lean meat in hains and sides, is the hog perfect as human ingenuity can make. e
thickening whenit appit&acbes thesboul- for which thereis, tMe greatest market them. Ou.page-2' of this issue yvu will
S ders the dewlaps-small ..The fore-quar- demand .coupled with the greatest .profit.,see the advortigaewent of the Pittseiurag
ters.arlbiW'efibioparedwitbithe hind- to the raiser. : ... ..Woven. Wire Fence Co., Pittsburg. Pa N
-. qua ..Tebi bafrel- large. Each rib If a h6g. requires .14mdnths to beppro--: .Their claim for patronage is, that it is
--- hdld project further than the preceding duced, even if it was suitable for market made of the vrfbest-'flbubi aunnealed Ja
one tip to the loins.. She should be well purposes, would- be-too espqnsivewo-pro- galanized eteel'wi&e. Thetop-'and b.:.t-
forfeied across the ribs and in the rump. duce, and would, therefore ot meet the F4m w.ires being No.. 9, horizontal. other Ft
The spine, or baclbone,Ahould bestiaight requirements of the raiser. In ouresti- ires No. 11 stay wire .No. 12. It will 2*
and ldigi;thie idder-large in proportion mation the Berkshire .fills'- 'tie npt sag; is cheap; durable, easily and .
to thlibejia f othL animal, and the skin bill in giving a profit., to the. rapidly built, and .suficient.h- strong to 'o
thi't-,..r. -lofE, a. folds extend- farmers and'furnishing the class of neat.i"rnh bog. sheep, poultry and cattle, and
-ing well bac, the milk. veins, especially demanded. Mr. Home showsthat away bs no projections which (an injure
those .under'tf' 'belly -should- be- large' back in the. Pbla-nd-China. Histo-ry the them. The vertical wires .cannot slip. mT
-.. =.-and prominent.' introduction of Beirkhile blobd \was a Its elasticity is -such that it. will adapt
.' feraselecting,a good- cow make the valuable influence in building up the itself to hillside aud hollow. with.jt -.
"- mosl.tflPer-' AvFfieh writer says that present breed of Poland-CQhinas. In our buckling. ety
S- by inducig cowasto,drink. more water, judgement it is necersary- to meet the .Ex-pansion'from htat and contraction Rt
the quintitvoIfn il,-E yieldld can be in- change demand with another introduce= from cold are fully provided for, Sup-
cr-- creased without injuring its.qualit:- -He tio6-of l 'etkshre blood that would be evs -pose there are forty rods.' in this fence t
at-eaiaem-tha% the amount of .milk is pro-- en'mnore valuable tfhan tie breed.-" ei ach horizontal wile is thrown ar6und te
...ortionhJoheq..uantity of water drunk:-.- T-ie Poland-China was. bred with a the vertical one 610-times, equaling a a
" e imethlmnponcows fed in tb' vid o making a lard hog' O ing to chilpring of 66) coils, equal to A spring e
-stallwitbhdry foder, that gave only ilto the iidoption ofvegetable oilsr, assubsti-, several feet in length; but instead of
S'12.quk'tsfmilka y; ,-that when .tbhis. tutes fr lard, thbt chhractr,- of animal- having it -at one. end itis uniformly
r-d-- fodwas moistened with from IS to is not in demand. .Thb -detiid.. has distributed throughout every foot of the -i
28 quarts of fater'daily, their yield of drifted away frum the- lard--:hog. :and. fence;
T-il as increased.upto 12 to 1- quarts meets its requirements-in thwlean meet. The -lc7 p-knnt protected. by lh'tt.rs
'day.-Besidedathis-wate-r-taken-wit~h-the. hog-.of which-the Berikhbire is the.great- 'he nt, k.t protest d. Ly .eter
foo the cows-wereallowed to drink the eat and best. As" Mr. Gentry saya, -'The woven the 'anc es Tl suprovement i-
)o nb s s of obhervations, that have no objection 'to.any breeder com crel twisted waround wth e end ahc
obth U :ofwati-riabitlallydrunk by mirending hisibreed; webeliete ssincerel -ur tm distead aoundthei otp anid ot- a
ealittr'io4r.td:judg. of" the p-hat the Berksh-ire is bound,. toe. -Bake te t-forrd astiouad ot belin. cut nut ain ,n
.- illf.e-l thyielo -A ;rk pidr-perress and gain rt puDular favor, d th.fte.aroind each horizontal w re the
:c dosTrotdrJ las-:much'as 27 yeyeiyw erasthe'righthog Mr thObpres- 9 the fence, .as .the case in inst.of. te r
tdoMs Wt i p-;ogoorda r qualilkerh '' ti e e..-Ahid this g the latest eors "fence-.ow o the market.n In -addition uo
idrfqltbr..saall poetor fore sbti i served, the Bearshireso the .y wr reis so. d ic i' fastened to each -
a a much ut a ll0 f.o T my staiceksi fo the S euthiln urlisr .of-the intermediae wires w tha it cannot ae
'"i" '' ..a. .a.l s"6to i l o i. p ly,. lt lgo', si orih ait while the "
T h. arounte theo tte and ut'n'En .i
fwly rhibLl.y e drunk-.by ieg-hi above e. WIhetlafr -sincerel.tat m .-four re sts. .
oaiat" ii ..lke.r telve centsper.po.nd- t'heogthao t o..order.ng s direct where the company has vi.
akesthehamgress and gain ouldersariloth- no agent, will'v no doub be p-rom tly- ,,F t-
E-^S--hfsawmd"tmuo"d-'os Ihrd ter-thingsbeaifg equalfethe lihogjfoirthe taken advantage of by manY--f'oFrou der
d 6 trin as -rft A strong ...,.-, .f t Ber end e, ra ile the unoccupied t merrts t
i a.ofa.r'h',roved oo igeetms tohetter-ie th dem dl is-oon recovered by some of-ourn.- '-
i -b caa other ;,thieadshy a tma, erprising farmers. -I
tfoTo qeat-l'.ii ; t"Fspa eto-thue quIckmytutit"i alpod= mfr"mth, r..dom. heI mention e Fm a tiniruito.'ea o _i -
-hr.,2 i -2 ,,t, *- "han-eorieaoe f..t .---rnce vegetable" of-the i F'termehte wires that'i.'cl, i
.. ve' cents perpn --,orderin -d w ere, the--0mpany'li-' ": E
urtest, Quickest, Most Attractive
LORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH-
Florida, Central .nd PRnin suai -
EW THROUGH ROUTES. -
New York to -Jacksonte -by
ew Florida Petinylvania t R. to Wash-
and 3Kon; Suitlern Hailway to -
irtheru. ColiEribia, FlorldL. Central- -
Air Line. PenDinauilr to all principal -
C 0irc.tiai to Harrinanjunc-'-
nclunnti, rii by Qu-e : Crecent_.'-.
hexlle iili- and Culumta by Silth-
-rn Railway. Fni -oFlrldas.
clkrou-ille Centrala& Pendaaar--Colum-
Claiatiae to JaconoUTe -by-
neminali Queen a Crescento aCh-atta--.
and noo"a. Soiseuthern R'y to Ev r--'-
Floriirda Fetie, Florida Central & Pein- ,.
Lined sular to all important Foriida"--
ains.a- City Kansas City Fort Scott- &-
and emphs R. to Krsasthloetvs 'A
and.mollle t randn pham Southern n, Sou th-.. !PR
. -oi _e to) E wrete,- Flaa FCetral =-
ero' Line Peninsauar to all Fla. poil t.,.-:
St. Louis to Jackonrllle by .-
Cairo Short 3 Line to D Eu Q-.in
lly Sp'gra ttnloisa CentIral to HoP'eyiSpgsh';.'_."
Route. lKansas City, Fremptisc-.- --
| T ingham to Birminhrblaz'io-.
R SI to Erer6teand'C. -C.&r-',
I Ciou C!ity & b-icao -to'Jaokin -=
tily Sp'gs i onrillefni. Cnt-toHoli-\..-
Route. a Sps. _, Ci M. B. to Bi.,W
"ll e- o muignam, Sou. R to'.BrerS n-'td
l Jette and the F. t. &-P: .
1 Louis'ile & Nashb'Hleto i Hrl'--.
iw Orleans j un-tion F. C. & P. oiy-.
To -rute with through leapers:-:
ckso'rille between New .Orleans -\aen-U-.
Jacksounile. -. .*.
'he F. C. s P. has 701. miles ot-trackzfin-,.
irida running. tirougb the '"b '"'
bacco Reodon, -
Stock Faa raining and Dary r#-Sebn, -
.Peacft and, Strawb.frry I La dil4-- 4s:
aiige,. Baann aind Pinetapple fo(onryjt *i-t
Phosphate Bell. -
Has the .ilrer Springa ,an. ..
SOther Fine Sener. --
e Orat rvntingff CoWn'tPy. :- '. '.
Reaches the Xoted--ihiang Grondi. 's-d R
las the.best land for tillage, great es tvaii -
* of sollsan the StAt.q, and aborS all-
ins over the Central RIdgeIahnd"1'
Where It Is High- ad- Healthy..i::
prosperous towns fl its route and It .oers
,best freight taoLliti6s for any produce' 6o5
-Northern markets.- .. ---.
end also for thi best map of oria
e? a'd note the towns.on it0 route S
.-Jacksonvrll i .e
le Fla. Cent.r& PeninsuIlri -
Offers tobSh ppeis
The Shortest-. and uiiokestiRp i"+0 2
-,.. BETWEEN -:-.". .- *- 4
5ORIDAAND ALL POIN-TS IS
* THEE-EAT 7-ANDrfl h9
11th' Improved .Vet ilated Cars,,thl
i.t. is better--iqu'ippeddtha'.ver ei s.er'to'
idJe'tbh Oranh'eaidd -Vea#etab'eCrop -ni
ure close c .necoi anid p t despa o.iib
-- .. :- -' _'
-. e e -- .- ... : -- -. -.. --?'- --; + -+
-- h- 7-M N
ER- __ .. A i
ER AND F]RU'IT-C6ROW-ER..". ..-- ?..-_I-_
1898. THE FLORIDA PALMER AND FRTfT-GROWER.
No. 16 Main Street.
Quickly and Promptly Executed.
No. 16 Main Street,
Fine Stationery, Books, Etc. Everything
S for the Office.
- r i
ALL THE LATEST PAPERS AND MAGAZINES. ..
C. W. DaCOSTA, Man.agerg. ,.
_. .- '* *;' .
30 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JANUARY .8:
/TTTT ELYW T, qT5 \166CENT-A- WORD" COiL7MN. NOT buy budded trees on old hard
OLD RELIABLE BUCKEYE NURSERIES. words, stme and address, eou an et them new
RATES.--Twenty words, name aid address, healthy stock for tbe same price. Centennid --V.
one week, 5 cents; three weeks so cents. Noth- and Satsuma on sweef new stock. -Addres;
I have for the season of '98 a fine stock of CITRUS TREES, ing taken for less than 25 cents. H. Friedlander, Intrlachen- Fla. 10-30-3m .-
comprising all the leading varieties: paid.T be p-
ARSON BROWN (early), TARDIFF (late), KING, JAFFA, RUBY, BLOOD, Send no stamps largerthan twocents. I Hao Them.u
initials and figures count as one word. 40,000 fine Orange and Pomelo Buds On 4,
WASH, NAVEL, TANGERINE, PINEAPPLE, VILLA FRANCA and 6ear socks I want to sell 20.0O in- next
OR SALE-A $3uorder on one of the lead- 6odays,bydicunt V[LLA LAKE NURSER-
LEMON, MARSH SEELESS and WALTER'S POMELO. F ong deciduous fruit nurseries of the IRS. Fruitand Park. Fla. 2-..-t .
State. Will sell for $20 in cash-in whole or
Have a nursery on rented land. All No. I trees sold. Have probably three in part. P.O. Box 54. Jacksonville. Fia. BIRTY THOUSAND NURSERV TREES in-
thousand second size stocks five years old, buds from eighteen inches to three feet. OR SALE-One Thoroughbred English uding Seedling Graperu years ld.
Must move all trees by March lst., and rather than transplant will sell all No. 2 setter Dog Pup months B.W. an,]lso res, udded rapefruit Lte, Pineapple. Euea
trees at 12 1-2 cents each, $10 per 1,00. ADDRESS: Tan. Gladson dresstock- Also B. rr LL, and a few rperite ,e as rppl. bdrsonk
fordville. Fa. l--4 Grapefruit stock 5 -e',TS old. Buds grown to,.
A Ae* E. CI LLBriET 1 1A, FVOR SALE-A one-horse Shipman" Engine stakes. Trees very fine and -uretoplease,.bht .
TAMPA FLA with shaft, propeller and tanks, every- asto qualirv and price. Write us.' BOWY.ER -.
thing complete to fit up a boat. Also a six- & ST9EPEaNS, Lakeland. la. .
S O U T E STROFO teen-foot row boat. Address E. HUNT.
SEEDS FOR THE SOUTH year aturk,. The moL
AR ALE-Atilowest market. prices Vel- YOU ShOuld See
D F vet Beans. Best varietiesof 0budson sweet. Those 3.coo two year King buds on 4 and 6 ,
stocks, raised since the freeze Cadsava year stocks. The moit profitableorange-grTown.'
Seed. H. MEISLAHN. Clareona, Fla. 1-8-8 C. W. FOX, Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland .-:
NOT THE CHEAPEST, rI S year especially, February planted Park, Fla.
1 celery, will find market empty. Vigor- -iENTENNIAL AND SATSUMA BUDS on,"
ous rooted celery plants one dollar per C new stock, raised from- seed since the
BUT THE BEST. thousand Lettuce half Bear Head Farm, freeze Buds-4 to 6 eet hlgh. excellent rodtso.--
Pine Castle, Orange Co., Fla. 1-8 3 and perfect condition. Nothing like it in. the
It Is Our Businessto Supply- -- Have a few pounds of genuine Vuelta State. Address H. Friedlander, Interhacheu,
Abajo Tobacco Seed. true to name and Fla -3 ,..
fresh Importation, and will furnish enough to
aG O OD- S* E D S ds plant an acre for 5 cents per one-fourth Don't YoU Fortet
WP 0 3-P 1.UJCVE2VE-F, pound. KlIne 0. Varn, Fort M1eade. Fla. Don't You F:orge
To send for price list of all the leading vane- --
That will give the grower the best results when planted In the South. You can buy seeds for EGGS to hatch S. C. B. Leghorns. only $1.00 ties of Citrus Trees on 4, and 6"year stocks,
less money than from us, but you can't get as good seed. per 15. Beat references given. M. Chese- Discounts according to size of- orders. C- W.
Cheap, but poor seed is expensive at any price. Send for our Catalogue-It Ia Free. bro., Plummers, Fla FOX.illa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park, -.-
H G lfvrwwrf1 fl & ~n. FOR SALE CHEAP-An asparagus and .. .--
H I T HAfSI~ IN -r W,(ll-fruit farm near Jacksonville, Fla. Every- AR- oFFERNG CITRUS NDRBERY
H. G. llHASTINGSO & C thing complete fora a home with return corn- W AETrE OFs ERING CReRs Se
SEEDSMEN. Interlachen, Fla. 1'pa onsl o a lar varietes, true to name, and square
"Asparag, Box 72, Jacksonville,'Fla. 1-" treatment. Write for. prices. staring-your
SILVER Wyandotte, Light Brahma and wants. We can please you. PhenL .Nrurse--
SBarred Plymouth Rock Cookerels for sale ries, Braldentown. Fla. Established in 1882.';
from $1 W to $3.00, according to size, age. :.. ._
WINTER HAVEN NURSERIES markings. Mrs. Gomperts, Lady Lake, Fla.
1 TiTTOa I Need Money, ---
~ ..A...Z_____ '11TT a+DEW Wao ~ nl lAII* h~ii'u 1-8-3
Oner tneir sin LU joUuk Uo VA.tU aA., s
Parson Brown, Ruby, Amory, Jaffa Bloods, St. Michael, Jaffa, Wash. Navels,
Tardiff, Dancy, King Tangerines, Villa Franca Lemons.
Triumph, Marsh Seedless, Thornless Silver Cluster Pomelos.
At $25 per 100, f. o. b.; 10 per cent. off on 500 lots.
.All trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1I inch diameter. Buds
4- to 6 feet high, first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name.
Address, RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, Fla.
: .. ELVET BEANS ground for feed or for
.. : l o r fertilizer, or huled and cleaned for mar-
- .1Wf e CouT se iB ket;also machinessold for this work. Address
.... -FloridaJron and Wood Works, or Machinery
I N AGRICULTURE AT THE Exchange, Apopka, Fla. 13-18-4
lorfida Agricultural College.- THOROUGHBRED-White Leghorns Black
This course begins n January th Langshan, Black Minorca. Cookrels: $1.00to
This rse begins on January h $2.00 each. .Tios 2.50. to 5.00. Breeding
and continues five weeks. It is in- ards o 10,00, according to quality.
aega for hatching: Single setting $l1.0, two
tended for farmers or those desiring seeing 2.6o, three settings'3.0. Incubator
further knowledge of the sciences egstiLyMA ndBROS., Melbourne, Fla.
on which successful agricultural A GRS PLANTS, maIled, 3.pounds
racticedepends, or practice thei for 60 large lots, special prices. -Albert
Fries. poultry breeder, and State agent for
application. Lee's Lice Killer. St Nichola4, Phi,- 12-4-5
-- Itincludes Agriculture, Horticul- OTHING LIKE IT IN FLORIDA. A Um-
'itre, Botany, Chemistry, Mechanics, N1 ied stock of extra large Satsuma trees
an"* -":. Etmoy d "Veterinary Sci-. on-sweet, and Hart's Late on sour stock.
-- : Entomology iad Vetetrinary SCI- Stocks d years, buds. 2 years old. Very fine;
ence. ''Special ppportunities are of- some bearing. H. Friedlander, Interlachen,.
feared .for Laboratory -and hop Fa. .
Practice, including Dairying and Below the Frost Line!
,- -- Tobacco Curing. JAMAICA COLONY of FLORIDA People
S- ---Tition:i E. Ford and other aSUCCESS! Coffee, Cocoa, Kola, Nutmegs,
r-;"" --. *- TuitionamE : K.E.r and Other Ginger, Oranges. etc. For full particulars,
f-.- *- -!---^-:-'----_ t.- -,.- a1\.G H rnet & Co.. Llnstead. t a.m
SOUR ORANGE SEED 6, .Rough Lemon,
$7.50, per bushel. Cash with order. Seeds
of tropical fruits in season at reasonable
rates. H. G. Burnet & Co Linstead, .a
Offers Fine Budded Grape Fruit and Orange
Trees of choicest varieties, and at lowest cash
prices. V. B Webster, Fort. Meade, Fla.
Trifollata for Hedges.
Eighty thousand Trifollata plants for
Hedges or for stock for citrus varieties.
Grandest hedge Plant- for the South.-
VILL& LaKE Nu I talRtS, Frit.land Park,
Florida. tf. -
FOR QUICK RETURNS AND PHENOME-
nomenal profits, plant Satsumna, Tanger-
ine and King oranges on rougl lemon stock.
I also have Parson Brown, Pineapple. Wash-
igton Navel. Marsh SeedlessO Grapefrmut,
Villa Franca Lemon aund oe year.old sour or-
anges and Triftollaa plants. Write forprices.
George E. Snow, Eastlake. Fla -10-9-m.
PEDIGREE SMOOTH-CAYENNE PINE-
I apples from Imported 'stocks, of years
careful selection. Every sucker taken from
plants that have-produced exfra large, fine
fruit. E. A. Peck, Orlando. Fla. 10-9--6m
STRAWBERRY PLANTS: Lady Thompson,
Indian River, etc. Send-for price ist.
J. B. Beach & Co.; Melbourne Fla.
SEE AD.BUCKEYE NURSERIES, great.
3 bargains in trees, good trees ten dollars per
Therefore I will sell my large stock or Orange-.
and Pomelo trees at very low prices. All the best-
and popular varieties 01' Orange anid.-Pom-elo-
trees from 3 to 6 feet high Address for partic- '-
lars W K. Trimble, Braidentown. Fla.. r'-itf
FOR SALE Two Leon county farms; 480 acres ..
F and 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and' -
tobacco growing.. W. B. Clarks6n,Jacksdnville-.--
Fl 8 "24-tf-. '
H"ART'S LATE AND PARSON BR-WN--
Trees andBuds. Writefor'prices,.eto. -:-.
1 23 tf W--H. MANN, Mannville.F -
T `HE NEW SOUTH CULTIVATOR is supe-
Serior to all others It can be adjusted to4
cultivate any crop, from a strawberry-patchtoj
an orange grove, without extra attachments
Sold on trial; satifacLion guardnteed.c-.Price $5;:
freight paid. Send for circular.- .. -...-. '-..; j
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo.-Fla-
: -. : ~- = ., -.- .
that be I
last, so i
.--expenses cwe ve to Lwci r .- ... --- -4- ei
for the. course.. For further partic- ALPRICE for Budwood,atsumas,Ce- a tos
t eparnc- tonnial Tangerines, 50cents per JOO by ouci
ulars addresss are now coming back to reclaimtheir mail, $4.00 pei 1by express. 1. Friedlan- ,tom blan
-_ E. JE;Stoekbridge. Pi. D., groves. They are astonished to see der, Interlachen.,Fla.- 10-30-8m
: Lake City Fl many of the frost bitten groves bear- -
n-otic -e g .the ing good crops Of fruit and the trees Joseph H. Keen. Eugene B. Redflied.
-Itis.fdticed among .the northern putting on a vigorous -growth.. Most E. B REDFIELD & CO:
pele wh havebeenarrIving here of them very much regret having
during he .past few -eeks' that, a large turned their backs onn the land of gol-. (Formnerlyof Redfield & Son. Established 187.)
tagearethosewhoeft- Florida den fruit.--Ocala Star.; .-- oiSBH pluir :- -
in st'a ag.. When
hir eito -he go -d "'Mr" George M. Long, hasiisposed a.oD PRODUC.e .
y andedithe iwith-edecla- of his tobacco crop, the product of -: MISSIO
fitrn- fwould. 6 ev% r amount eight acres to .Tmpa parties for $ -,. -, -( "
ro nythugo-Sine a t -tim' they. 40' This crop.a 'panted during v wa p n.t.. 'eT-S.- 7
Siavticn he wondrfu-y the pait spring, and wh-en-"gathered 'w Mketst. pi, P a, ~-es
aaf the tre tha 'a sh lipedt to Lake-City where it -"- -.. rNch
en t was properly cured and betuned' and .- DR
d nd given rper a renaind storage until the pt Southern Berries Moaw I
e.revised teir stte waeek' -whe the sale was consummated. -.
--y-E-% `.-ij ".---" -- "_ ..--
iALA WEEK SPECIAL- -
er Which Will Be'Taken:A
age Of by Scores Of Sufferer
present indications, not.less thian:l
persons will lake advantage.of.,.0f
curslon rates,-. and come to Jaiksa
the express- purpose odf c'isnltl
:enu who bas so clearly-demibhstrWt
a master of chronic diseases, To'.O'i
cent will ggi-e.20 per d6cent-i'djbu
Susual'fee.and this ratde -wULt'-rv
.patient gets-w ell. Thi;-S.thet
ttDr. Vincent has evdr.d6erateddI-c
lar rate 'and it will probably'oUet
t Is good advice toyou, to'aldvise
advantage of :tl'is speoial ;r.td.'1
how many-pysloians. have.'fall
'ou. come and see.-what .t'sa spe- eil
iy about your. roanaei1_ forr rece6of
tenot go to see inlml send._for.;syn]
.. .- .- -, ---
-: --;-?EASBS btHe-t
ac ve -owe
g .--.T., -r -'
m ......... .. .. .. .
NNW ---- -----
-1898. 'THE FLORIDA PARMER AND PRUIT-oGOWi. .- --
OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY T
E. H. HINTON, T. Ill. auhl, Ga.
NEW YORK TO SAVANNAH
Pier 34,,.North lirer--5 P. 111
..-e' -b- -a- 7 -- be
al h- a e .W. T. ... isda D ec ember 1
a i t .. ............ ................. .. ...... ....... i D ler .
Nacochec ....... ............ De. emne r
City o Au t... ........ ond y. Dee ber- 13
City of B b" .... .. ........ da Dece.mber .0. .~" a v----
Cit of aF v.am...... r* Tche Fl ee ), r iovosedeofth foll owi ng a o me N w Sre el STeeam r' r;
-.a.B .... a.urday, December I-
-acochee .... .................. .....Dm er
S t.... ........ ... ....... Frid Decmber 31
o i C n... ... -........ .. ......... ............. ...... Monday a D b r d rid
Gat, C iy s.....o Far,d3
.Na-Nooche ........ ................ ............................T Deember 1 F a S O T B e Na .-
Cty- of A uRat:::........... :::......... ......... ..................... D...... ............. .mbei M nday-, -d-'. r _
'- C-o- f rue anit. ........ .... ... .... .... ........... .. ay Decem erA SONVILL, (calling at harlesto) Monda en da
o City in.......... ......T.. r oay, Deember .-
~Tallaha.see,.. ......... .. .... .. .. ................ .. .. ,ndsiy6 De m) r ;.f( p H. -- .- ."0
Kansahast^r. ......................... ............nu.riu-VdaiyDe-em,!er '5 COMFORT! pmUU/, .ATE S-[ e T ITIDi *-
Loch ................................. ...... n n an ou ernes
C y of ac n.................. ..... ....:.. ... ..... ..... ...... e ,- ,emnrS.C0-
t oa-r................. .... he ,".....Ibt..
Cenrya 90 Feia BOSTON TO SAeANNAH. S e SteameramDErsAWApE' ailda'GEORrdingteIde. W. D
t y-- A ut 'ety .t "1-.0 in ...y. -te mrr -Iel e 1J p m-
S at'thoobee Via New York.. ....... ...... Wednesday, Decembr 1 Ar appointed o ail aS.follow: .... ondy Wene and r .i
Cl-hat a ee a ...... ......... ......... .. .... .... ........ .. ndday --Der bii pm
Kany Cty .- ...... ............... ................""u"d .ay, diembr lJ m T1 F h or:. o o th fold.... La someaN ae dal St am a
F... C.. Of. .... ... ..................................e..... D........ a" D e r m OU T H BO. -4
cf MAot "....... .......... r ay, December m I, 1 i pm
y B . ........... ....S. D m er 0 LIN... ...
T- ioatahooas ee............... ..................... day.. e er Jacksonville, Palaka, Sr e,.
Kanas C ................................... ...... Tueday D m er, Cee pmW s
.-Nascochee................................... .................Fr. .... i m ri pm PrCmArhL SCw, .. .. ods,rWer nee, m nlde 0
C. i C of rMa ion ... ....... ....... ...... ..............i.. D ...ay. Dtemr r ay ee th John iv
k'G" aeo C i ty ........ ................................... y e lm o0 TheEdegant Iron SIde-W oeel Stea r
S IONSEE- R NE SL...........................ON.. .... RN. .....appontdorjdsaia, Deemer 3
L-- City0o Au.u-.ta ...'.- .. ...................... ........... ....Sundays, Tuee7day and-(r i.3 m
G.BR W-ER, Ticet and.Pa A ent. an .. .t a a. Retur n ve anord......... ............Mondas Wednes d rida
-.ITH.Costr.. Fre.SAV t A gent, Ocean S S.eCo., 13 Baypt. Savanna. ...".
.A T Agent Ocean ..S. Co.. Savanna StDamers are appo nted to sl a ccolng E Olthe tide.- -
e i h We jn,,c0 ay DeB ter 1.,11 I. --- pO-E-n--"
t BAR.ug..st ......... ...... ..... .. ....... ... F -r av, De,.emper 4 from JACKSONVILLE FLA. (calling at Co nrlesto),..;..... .... ...SundaysTuesda sandThnrsday --
-' t C H-RBt E ETrn Ge n Ae t t G...... ............ B.oadway....... W .d ..... -b -I r-o-n'
ate C ANy Jr.,Ge.... Easter Age... .............. ......... ...... -c-a ye D Tm eHARl F ro ...... .... ........... ....... ............ Monday d e y a ntr .o--a- .
ata.- : .bARNOLDe Ge.i .... ........ A ; nt-.... ..... .Co.3 i ay, UwN ewr York. .6 f .- ... -.Pal k .............-...... T ae So p -
MiC. M. HA ND, A ....e..... ... Co...........Nwper3 N. .New Y r.- ..... ...- .Beresford... ..... .-.
G a T"e A """p "- ......C.at....3Twooa jNe.oA-. Ne r WPed Dcm e o s l 2 leor J k n l ad hrso y
tV ent i n. .-.eridian' T a e-O-eow -..- : C.-
iy o- ....i ............ .... tC..... ..... .. W Bre day DecEntmber .. 1 u1 .pm-
. C .. Ha SH GEN.oE er... ......E..... et......Plant s e. m. J-Broaday, December -- m D N -.' ..-- .--
l_. -City of Mtcn ......... ................... .... ... d.iC:., riy Decembe; r it, 14dm fb
n ..... ...... ... ....... i o Eon.e. rs e -a
s- a L-I 't.r" ... ........ ..A dv.B d a y, c.Yo rib. 1 ........ .. ... ... ... D pm -
d A P..........i ..................... Wa on St. Boston ENDE SO .. E. P. A. 5 Bowing Gee af W nd i. dias
C-, a on.- ... -. ... .. ........ Wedne.day, December I', 11 W am For -AEn th C,..Jhns y .
Co FAt ND ea Saan bl it Pl-AetPlant y stem.e- -, ori da aimDeon lt. Boaton o ARBU TON, "-P. A. '-w -GreenNew rc. .- ,.
R-- -.-- TCH BA NA D. .... : --d... lROaR, Jcr rFi a e Poid a. pm .. engerC Ag- t Ba y and .= -
W.-..' ity G .....W E...,. i. .n......... P.... ...n..... ..C.. T u ieday It e aanr Ga. 1"a ak n ".(.r.l.h. O nly.) T y hu0 --,iP
o--, n re.g t A t O n S ......n. -'-- W e e sc--' am b -m, 5 .o. -m.
......... e .... T ..T An O... CLYDEes k.A Oenn.nba
,at-a-La E R:taflN ................. ..... 22 rVT.rt 51cD1nn iBeFe)a 1 a )r, ad n. a a..-S t -
-. W E. ARNOLD-Gen.I.--j ass.AgenTO TOn~ Co A N- Br-.a New 3.o .. Leave S.... .........-.W.R..Jae n Arrive -o-._.-..::
P- .-" C H----,,__Un DuAgent Ocea S2 or -o -eFreigh N-- W dr a 4e 1"a St Onlya o ._ o-
a'_ -,C WTh O N s X i.ket Agn .ca ..o. B a a ew" oi. .e.e.fo. ... -"rTD -"". C.. bRD A "" s .w.
- -.ClBa Ltthoo ,ee .Vi New Yorkt ......Ag...en.t-ent.... rFNr De6l g.ber I a L to .-. -
-" 3 t-S" a Agent Plant .... Br adn es D e Yo c rk Geerl assenge kt4ahkt 804 Weei, St. .as.n:e'
_T i-M T F- FI E.. trn .... ... Ae.n... "r"Aam-. "Bra ay. .. .... fo-ot -of -".
i-ttv-rofc ye B asten. W. -cn I' A U O- T JP A oIgON York,- -c a.
-'7 .- b.t-c. --- --. ANAe D -.it- ........ .. F .. IRONMONGE Jr F r P s g g.n._. W. -t -: 8 .J .- .
_'_-. .....-.... -- .E LINE. to''
::y: :.HE ~ .nq:eet -ent:rGa. n y.ldDada.,. _r Y_ 0" F_ J A 0 K- S: 0 N .. I L-: ... -.. .... -
T h.yo u..hB jjAN ofr.,_ ig_-.Et rc Aent ag ge~a Ch. o.,ke, d Betwee a ll. Eat.. a te'-r-n ) ik' a-d'.;:X .-):.,ae s nni,..-.= ..':.:,-l xt .". ,
L -.--.- -.=-. -::.-;::r "_ .... a. ._- .:-=. -. T-. -~ A e ,.g x -:..- .% .,
-" --" --'"='-:z- %-= -, : '- '" -' ..7 .oa e".-w.-- d- -. .. 'd -- k". --s'. -i-ako.., b'.-
Eak .-'-- ` .. `: -.- .: `:-.:-A...eur-= .. ..-....-C-`.-- &-: R-. -.:'X) .ro-.v N. ..t. :-= i.. ,-- .=:= 2 0 W=-s S t-= - -_. ,:,'.
Aj,_A. Mc TF LE a 8=_ 1_- B-r.o-._ dw-: v - w:.:,.- --u --k ,- ,-_ .--,. ::-,..::,_ 7_ : ==-?.: ...-_ .- _: -:% .= --o, =
Jkv .- = :o' .. .-11 7.+ -. on S -.t.- -B o :k _.:: Z; =7 ---- -:-.: .: .' 2.,--_ ---._ '.:- -. -b,,: : --"L;- ;T -_.'.-
.x -g ---C I! = ' ._'--'.-' .' -: -=b-f 0 .,_-3.-.1' --- W-"='. .= n-' t-_ : = = .. -. _ .- .- .-.'~ .- - "--
.- .: -- -- --2 :`;-= .= -. -'; .-`= -. -%-A -.0.:W-,-: ; -. ` -.`-` T= P'- .. -: .. Li
vidw, .- : -. .. ..L: .,_.-. .,. ...., ...- = ::-. .. ... .. .-1 -, : .... it' .: -T
....'-;-'--,'-'#:'J==_a_=' =%-':- _ :. ==;_--W H; '==-- E 'IE-N."- "-". -D- --I. -D '
AND VEGETABLE GROW
Made from PURE ANflAL MATTER and HIGH-
GRADE POTASH, with perfect, adaptability to the
requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in
strong, handsome Bags, which, don't rot.
rff-The cheapest brand for the quality in the
market. C6tto.nseed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul-
tural Chemicals, Sulphur,etc.
ik'. ,N ,' '. I Vy"The old reliable EUREKA has never been
Pue N superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider, and the
APure 1iiTHE COCCIDICIDE-eji
Animal A certain destrudon to theo AeyrodesCiri (White Flv),andother
flatter ertillZe s familiesofScale, at si periodsof theirdevelopment'. PFtal to the
-t--t-- Spider, and other insedsafledting Pineapples and Vegetables.
SPRAY- AND GENERAL PURPOSE PUMPS
ERubber Hose, Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best wakes, a
S" Manufacturers' P-kices.
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. THE IMPERIAL PLOW
i... I '
"Will Farming Pay in ,Florida
I will answer that question as
S "yankee"& does by' asking another.
Does banking, manufacturing,
chandising and practice of theprofes
pay in Florida ?
..Yes, when systematized and econ
and so will farmin a.
.'f a banker failed to collect his
' t .ional interest.and a manufacturer w
his-tailings and a merchant his .;ou
and inchesan't.a professor his feeK"
.- d make as sad' a failure as i
ts wastage that clogs the.far
eels-li.ving out of -paper sadki
.- .ti'cans-buying asxe helves, single t
S.. hod' handled- and a great many
S-'-"things that almost anybody could
a-. -t hdme-buying 'his meat-. tstea
S'.rainsg it--buingmnale grease 'and
t' toseedoifr. .ded'and:deatiig itfot
,,Steri'std'd'of akig his own. ,-
hit- Flord is .an agricultural
.. ..g.. second to. bt feWv
6IMti Mie.$ e enVtei aftisAdt
?" regard to land, climate, wateriand growth, with the growth of stuff in Florida an
the as learned. is essential to successful farming to f
For insrtaffce.al- hammock land is not understand this;. for instance we h
mer- .productjye,.itleit is all pine land tin- some-river bottom lanmis that are alm
ion productive. identical' with the lands on .the Miss(
Many unacquainted with the formation river.
o, and growth of Florida are in error' in re- A Missouri farmer would say, as I l
nomi- guard to this, and--it .is very essential'to why this. is the very land I will pu
gly- .he r-welfare and comfort t -that they be corn. That would be all right., if t
-corrected in this matter, land was in Missouri, and 'in the c
frac-' It is just as essential .to successful belt, ian infl6ehcbd by that climate,
ailed farming to understand 'what kind of sub- it would make 70. to 80 bdThels to
dc'es 'soil you have, as to-know what kind',of acre, but here with the very bestculti
'they top soil isin sight. tion it won't make iiore than 25 bush
some Not knowing this, has.caused many.toi or 1,400' pounds, for sugar, cane.
be disappointed In theii expectationss which it is adapted, its record has. bi
ner's and great injury to the State. our hogsheads o6 4,800 pounds, besi
a and Having learned or dnlearned the char- the syrup or molasses; its capacity'
rees,' acter.of'your soils and how totreat'thiem,- oata is 4U bushels with- an after crop
other it is vety essential to successful farming crab gra'iii of'.two tons, and sometime
make that you.learn or unlearn what-crops--ke second drop of.one ton; in rice 656, bu
d of adapted to, and their proper cultivitin els in the rough; in wheat or barley no
Scot- and particularlyy -what t-Iind of imple- ing, neither'ivill.fill; in Bermuda gras
but- ments. to''use; ald''whei'to.use'them; will- trin6tof.as much- as any timot
thisis a work of art, as much' so as itas me.d. Me' -'
land fot.an artist. to use his tools or brusaesaK Ournextbe~, lands,'arefilplanl ha
sanot and to those who are interested- in what' ,mock or mixed woods .*ith' a clay. st
itl'.- they are doing, as- a' great pride and soil,. underpaid with Afbonate" of *lii
e pleastire; no. souch.wor will suceed i ,fitlih a growh l6f iickory ash, oak, ch
other Florida. ry, magnolia, sweegumi, hackberry,.d
d'in.- Climatic influences have muchi to do wood, iron wood and grape viu, .t
uc--, o. d o -..
r: -. '- 7,'" .: :- : : "" '- "i- 'h :
t. in ,
IVATORS, : :
THE BEST MADE
aext is mixed woods of oak, hjckory
sweet gum and pine; tnen 'opeu w6od..--.-
sapling pine,-free from underbr'ushtfe're:.
sa Little difference between& the two'-Ilat-'-,
ter; then second pineland and scrubs. '
It is most essential to successful farmn-
ng, that all these things' be,'understo.od
nd treated, accordingly and whpnJ
one, the successor an intellignL at-ra
al, ipdustrious, economical. farmer
The treatment of these differentlands,
rops adapted to them, water,grsI and-'.
tock, w illteat.of inaih6ther article.'a
*e. W.. CkaMPeLLS EI
ampobello Plaritation, ra _.o -.1=
The dairyman not infrequently. tries to;
rcrease.otbe nield of iftilk b tteruandb r
heese.,hv'abihnid more' cows. -whA1n'2'tb.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .
JAN UA .
"I. ... .