Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00006
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: February 6, 1897
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00006
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text






Chas W. Decosta, Business Manager,




Whole No. 1461 NI'W SRj.
WholeVol. IX, No. 6

The Largest Fruit Growers
E Know the Best Varieties and the
OWEST CES shipped more beaches from our own orchards this
season than all other growers in this section combined
PRRIGHT and made big MONEY at it.
P3 q.. Biu Trees From NUR8ERMEN

Everything for the South.
Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes,
Nuts, Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc.
350 Varieties. A MILLION and a half trees. Over 300 acres,
No-BETTER stock to select from,. None so LARGE.
New Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations, 26 New Photographic Views, Free on

THE GRIFFING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny.
Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla.

Plums (over 30 varieties, Wickson, Red June, Hale, White Kelsey, 18 new
kinds). Peaches, (Sneed, Triumph, Suber, over 70 varieties). Pears, Kaki, Nuts,
Grapes, Oranges, Lemons, Pomelos, Kumquats, Roses, etc.
Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals.

Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.
A handsome, 65-page Catalogue for 1898-'97, with over 50 engravings. Gives
adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions; recent exper-
ience in orchard and market with varieties new and old, with full cultural in-
formation. This
I5 {r" T (Investigation into the Requirements of Florida Orchards.
I I a Y P Experience and Experimenting.in Growing Florida Fruits.
1 Extensive propagation of,Trees for Florida Planting.

G. L. TABER, President.
A. H. MANVILLE, Secretary.

Are offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 1896-'97.
All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low
and from Bearing trees.
Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low.
Send.postal for Descriptive catalogue to
*2WT~GT. Aeorgetown, Fla
Georgetown, Fla

The milraukee-Florida Orange Co.,
Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experience
of thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely
known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown,
Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa, Majorca, Ruby Blood, Stark's or Enterprise Seed-
less, Pineapple, Homosassa, and Tangerine. Tardiff and King, Duncan and Marsh Seed-
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat (superior
to the round). Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable, Prompt attention to cor-
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to
Miil4waukee Florida Oran'ge Co.,

From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months.
Trifoliata stocks one, two and three years old. All stock:clean and healthy. Send for inter-
esting catalogue.
J. H. GIRARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla"

VueltaAbajo Tobacco Seed


MDnDTO T SEEDn This Season's Importation from Cuba. Packet. 15 cents, half
* INPOR TEDSEED. ounce, 55 cents; ounce, $1.oo00; quarter pound, $3.oo; one pound, $10o.o.

FlORID Fl Ifl RO 1f R One Year's Growth in Florida from Imported Seed.
,FRiDA G l OLSEED.U Packet, io cents; halk ounce, 30 cents; ounce 50 cents;
quarter pound, $i.5o; pound, $5.00.
Send for our ilustrated catalogue. Interlachen, FIlorida.


For Best Seeds at Lowest Prices write for my List for 1897.
The Largest Stock in the State, and every seed New Crop.
I handle only the products of Seed Growers of National Reputation, such as
Henderson, Landreth, Ely, etc.


o.......-. BUDDING WOOD. *.. -... -'.
Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.
Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.

The Best of Stock.

Proper Treatment.

Low Prices.

3Mc.nt ;Ce i. Fla.

We receive and sell, in car loads or smaller lote,
all Products of the GARDEN, ORCHARD, Al-
Ay, HENNERY and PARM. Market Reports,
References, etc., free upon application. Address
No. 611 Liberty Street, PITTSBURGH, Penn'a.

It c
or G
in th



Send for Annual De- -__ 7. WOUUIi.
ptive CATALOUE, __
issuedandr sed. Ge0. S. Hacker & Son,
contains everything
tdan, plante l.r Manufacturers of
hird Pnmid.w. Lawn
renuhouse. Largest CHARLESTON, S. C,
action to select from Purchase .-,ur makes, which we guarantee
e South. superior to any sai, South, and thereby save



Strawberries on Ice.
The celebrated T. & T. Strawberry Refrig-
erators are the universal favorite of Florida
growers. Perfected after years of experi-
ence. Give good service for good fruit.
Starke, Florida.

12,000 Apple Seeds, none pound.
The quality of our seed being best, and
other conditions favorable, a big supply of
stocks ma be had for a few dollars. Send for
full price list of IMPORTED and Native Fruit
Stocks and Seeds, Manetti Rose and Raffia
for budding and grafting.
Box P. Germantown, Pennsylvania.

Last spring several farmers on the line of a big
railroad.rebelled against barbed wire, and demanded
boardfences. They compromised on the Page, first
the company had used. Our man lately called on the
Roadmaster, who wanted him to "see those farmers,
who would hug and kiss you, and I've got to have
25 miles on my division."



Resorts \..



The. eed beds of the Manatee To-
bacco Growers' Association are doing
finely. The work has been well done
under the careful management of Su-
perintendent Teasley,, and millions of
young plants are appearing. These
are now protected from possible frost
by low scaffolds covered with palmetto
leaves. We heard a gentleman from
the upper pdrt of the State say that
these seed beds are the best prepared
and largest he ever saw.-Manatee
V. M. Ybor and Manarara of Tam-
pa have increased their force this
week to 400o'digar makers. Last week
they made 301,550 and shipped 173-
.975 cigars.

Will Northern-Grown Nursery Trees
Thrive in the South? Will South-
ern-Grown Trees do well in
the North?
To these questions Mr. G. L. Taber
replies in the Farmer and Fruit
Varieties grown further north and
planted here behave a little oddly the
first season, starting earlier in spring
than home-grown trees of the same va-
riety, and acting throughout the sea-
son as though they were not quite at
home. But after the first season the
northern-grown trees settle down to
the same habits as home-grown trees,
and seem to give as *good results as
the latter.
What I have said in reference to
trees brought here from the North is
equally true of trees shipped from this
latitude to Mexico, the West Indies
and South America.
There is one point in this connec-
tion, however, that should not be
overlooked. Trees transferred from a
cold to a warm climate give satisfacto-
ry results--provided the variety is adapt-
ed to the location. It does not natter
where the tree is grown, but it is es-
sential that the variety be adapted.
For instance, a northern-grown Elber-
ta peach tree would fail in South Flor-
ida, not because northern-grown, but
because not adapted; on the other
hand, a northern Peen-to peach tree
would thrive in South Florida.
In selecting stock for Mexico, the
West Indies and Central America, it
is not so important where the trees are
grown as it is to obtain varieties adap-
ted. to southern latitudes.
In regard to the effect of southern-
grown nursery stock planted in the
Northern States, a symposium in the
Rural New Yorker is divided in opin-
ion, but the consensus of opinion
-seems to be that it makes very little
difference where it is grown. Mr. J.
H. Hale, the great Georgia peach-
grower, says :
For some years, I have been annu-
ally bringing thousands of peach trees
from Georgia, not only for my own
planting in Connecticut, but also to
supply a portion of my nursery trade
throughout the Northern States. I
have done this to insure establishing
an orchard free from the yellows; and
so far, while escaping the yellows, I
have never noted any lack of vigor or
healthfulness in the trees in any other
particulars. My own opinion, based
on a good many years of tree-plant-
ing, is that so far as well-known test-
varieties are concerned, it matters lit-
tle with their vigor or hardiness where
they are originally propagated. A
Baldwin apple free, or an Oldmixon
peach propagated in Canada, New
York, Virginia or Georgia, if propa-
gated under like conditions, will do
just as well in Connecticut as a tree
originally propagated here, and as we
are pretty sure to start free from the
yellows by using southern-grown peach
trees, I think we are safe in advising
their planting in preference to any
others.-Southern Ruralist.

There are over three hundred cars
of phosphate in the railroad yard in
Fernandina awaiting shipment.

We have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour
and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having
been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.
Following varieties guaranteed true to name:
A few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3to 4 feet. Price, 50 and 75
cents each.
Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reduced
in October on some varieties. For full particulars, addressAST &
Interlachen, Fla.

All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon
roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.
Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropical
and semi-tropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.
Catalogue on application.

JOHN B. BEACH, Indian River Nurseries,
(Established 1886.)

( ahler-

Vice President.
Assistant Cashier.

CAPITAlI $100,000.

Respeetfully solicits youl Deposits, Colleetions and General
Banking Business.

Depositors offered every facility which their bal-
ances, business and responsibility warrant.

John L. Marvin,
H. T. Baya,

DIRnXicoyroEr a
Church Anderson,
W. M. Davidson,
Dr. H. Robinson.

To date, 3,635 boxes of oranges and
grapefruit have been shipped from the
Arcadia depot by freight and 3,653 by
express, making a total of 7,288 boxes
from Arcadia alone. The crop is not
all gathered yet. It is safe to say
that De Soto county's crop this season
is close to 50,ooo boxes. More ferti-
lizer is being applied to the groves
now than was ever before used in this
vicinity, and the result for the next
crop will be four-fold.-Arcadian.
An invoice of 5,000 peach trees was
received here this morning from
Maryland. These will be planted by
G. D. Clifford, R. F. Kreigsman, Co.,
Hazzard and others. -Lake Eustis
The Fort Myers Press prints a singu-
lar story about a truck farm on Chat-
ham River which is situated on an old
burying ground, from which skulls and
bones are dug up showing that giants
eight feet high were buried here in
great numbers. These havemade the
ground so fertile that large crops have
been produced there without fertilizer.
The Press gives the following- figures:
Mr. Watson has thirty-eight acres.

Chas. Marvin,
Judge R. B. Archibald"

and from this small body of land he*
has raised and sold this season the fol-
ing products:
4,000 gallons fine syrup ..... $ 2,000
7,200 bunches bananas,40c per bunch 2,880
3,000 crates tomatoes at ;1.5" .. 4,500
Raisedland sold pumpkins, squashes
etc . . . 100
Total. $9,480
This may seem incredible to North-
ern readers, but we can answer to the
truth of Mr. Watson's statement. Hun-
dreds of skulls and bones lie among
the growing crops.
Mr. J. A. Maahs has a contract for
supplying the Flagler system of East
Coast Hotels with lettuce, and the de-
mand exceeds the supply at present.
Next year he will furnish strawberries
also.-Halifax Journal.
The attempts to ship oranges from
Jamaica to England by steamer re-
sulted far more disastrously than did.
the venture with Florida oranges in
the Ethelwold., The first two cargoes
spoiled before the vessel had reached
England and were thrown overboard.
The third one arrived in such bad
condition that it was all condemned,





Grove io Orchard,

Making Hay in a Peach Orchard
Within the last few years much ha
been written to induce the farmers o
the South to diversify their crops
What has been already said has beei
productive of many good results, bu
the subject will not be exhausted unti
every farmer shall have learned thi
lesson of diversification.
Our main line of production, o
course, is in the nursery business, ye
we find it abundantly pays us to pro
duce all the feed we possibly can fo:
the support of the many work animal!
we are obliged to keep. The follow
ing brief particulars as to the growing
Sand harvesting of a crop of crab-gras!
hay in a peach orchard should b(
suggestive to the Florida farmer: Th(
orchard was planted on newly clearec
high pine land in the early part o
1894. The peach trees used for plant
ing were two to four-feet June buds
They were planted in rows thirty feel
apart and seven and a half feet apari
in the row. The first two years nur
sery stock was raised between the
rows, and the orchard received little
more attention than what it got froir
the cultivation of the nursery trees.
Eighteen months after the orchard was
planted $500 was realized from the
fruit crop, and thirty months from the
time of planting $1,250 was realized.
Last year the orchard was cultivated
clean until the middle of the summer,
when it was left to grow up in cral
grass. The accompanying cut, taken
in September, 1896, will give a pretty
clear idea of the size of the hay cror
and of the growth of the orchard.
Too much cannot be said in favoi
of the farmers growing their own hay.
Crab-grass hay, if properly cured, is
so much superior to the hard, woody
stuff that is often shipped in here from
the North that there is really no com-
parison to be made between the two.
In the case of this peach orchard the
crops we have gotten off of the land
have more than repaid all the cost of
the orchard, and, therefore, the re-
turns from the orchard are clear pro-
fit. Now that the trees are too large
to permit the growing of hoed crops,
by clean cultivation until the middle
of the summer, we can each year cut
from one to two tons of excellent hay
per acre-enough to pay all expenses
of keeping up the orchard for several
years to come; hence the returns from
the fruit will continue to be all profit.
This picture is not exaggerated, but
is from an actual photograph showing
results.' It is not a greater success
than. any farmer can make. Almost
any cultivated crop can be grown
among the orchard trees the first two
years. Any land that will yield good
corn, cotton or vegetables will pro-
duce first-class fruit of some kind, and
there is no reason why farming and
fruit growing cannot be combined.
Nothing in the world is better for an
orchard than a crop of vegetables
grown among the trees. After these
early spring or .summer crops are off

the orchard can be allowed to grow up uncrossed specimens of either species.
with a crop of crab grass, and this can to consider is that
. .. .sea- I T he last group to consider is that
e harvested for hay late in the of the hardy allies of the cocoanut
son without injury to the trees. palm; and here we have two very dis-
In the spring, while the trees are
wing, the spring, while clean cultiva- tinct types, the one a tall plume-like
growing they require clean cultiva- palm with bare ringed trunk and not
tion, such as they would receive from entirely hardy in exposed situations,
the growing of vegetables in the with tapering fronds of
orchard; but to allow a crop of crab ther insistence,
grass later in the season does no in- strong and leathery consistence
st in thne o no. incapable of enduring the greatest cold
jury, but is rather beneficial than oth- known in Florida. Even in the freeze
erwise, in that it makes the wood of! of two years ago when the orange
the trees ripen and harden up better groves were destroyed and peach an
in the l, adthe s ,roos a groves were destroyed and peach and
in the fall, and the stubble, roots and other hardy trees killed to the ground,
after-growth leave a good supply of these palms showed not the slightest
humus in the land. sign of injury to the leaves, though
Let no farmer confine himself to one the sign of injury to the leavr es, thoughwere
crop. Let him combine the orchard, cuthe green fruit and flower spikes were off.
the vegetable garden and the farm, cutoff.
and it will not be long until he has The first type, the plumy cocoa-
banished the mortgage from his home nuts, areldoubtless represented here by
and hard times from his purse. several species, but their resemblance
GRIFFING BROS. Co. is so close that it is hardly possible to
Macclenny, Baker county, Fla. distinguish them in the absence of
W, flowers and fruit. They are known
Hardy Palms in Florida-II. as Cocos flexuosa, C. plumosa, C.
Written for the Farmer and Fruit-Grower botryophora, &c. A considerable
by T. L. Mead, Oviedo, Fla. proportion of those sold under either
P. reclinata seems very similar to P. name prove to be tender and unable to
farinifera. There are many other al- resist even ordinary frosts; others not

of them is now quite widely distrib-
uted over the State from seed pro-
duced by two fine specimens in the
well-known Belair orange grove near
Sanford. This species was identified
as C. Alphonsi by the late Dr. Sereno
Watson. It is very close in general
appearance to what is commonly
grown as Cocos australis in Louisiana.
It makes a tree of about the size of a
cabbage palmetto, and like this native
retains a lattice of old leaf-stalks
around the trunk for many years. The
fruits are yellowlike medium size plums
and though the pulp is a little stringy
they are very fair eating, having much
the texture of an apple and a tart pine-
apple flavor. Most of the other palms
of this group have fruit of this charac-
ter, but usually not as large as in this
Another well-known species is Co-
cos bonneti; this makes a rather smaller
tree than the first, but grows more
rapidly and begins to produce fruit
when it is five or six years old. Co-
cos goertneri and C. blumenavia, both
from.St. Catherines Island, Brazil, are
still less in stature, the first mentioned


leged species in foreign seedsmens'
lists, but when grown they are rarely
distinguishable from those just de-
scribed, and,, in fact, it is a special
piece of good luck to have any packet
of phoenix seed prove true to name.
Among the dates the sexes are sepa-
rate, the pollen and the seeds being
borne on different individuals, and the
different species hybridize readily with
each other, so that unless special pains
are taken to shake the proper pollen
upon the opening pistillate spike, the
wind and insects are apt to cross the
flowers with any and every other spe-
cies of phoenix that may be in bloom
in the neighborhood. The smaller
species are more apt to be intercrossed,
.since they flower together in the spring..
Sylvestris and canariensis bloom in the
late summer and autumn, and hybrids
between these two make superb and
stately specimens. One in my garden
has the glaucous color of sylvestris and
the flattened leaf of canariensis. It is
a male tree and produces flowers very
freely, but they are destitute of pollen,
which is shed almost in handfuls by

distinguishable from the tender ones
in a young state, are sufficiently hardy
to make fine specimens. One in my
garden attained a height of twenty
feet in eight years from the seed, the
swelling base of the trunk being two
feet in diameter. But it fell a victim
of the frost of 1894. Another speci-
men on higher land had the leaves
and outside layer of the trunk de-
stroyed, but retained enough living
tissue to reproduce its crown of
leaves, though its vigor is much re-
duced. It will be a great gain when we
can obtain these cocos palms entirely,
from home-grown seed, produced by
plants of proved hardiness. The
eight year old specimen referred to
pushed its first blossom spike at the
time of the freeze to it which suc-
The other group of cocos palms,
which are iron-clad in their hardiness,
are represented in our gardens by at
least half a dozen distinct species, all
of which have a great family likeness
in form, but differ much in color and
stature. One of the largest and best

rarely exceeding six feet in.height of
trunk. C. goertneri is distinguished
from most of its allies by the regular-
ity with which the leaflets are arranged
at equal distances apart on either .side
of the midrib, most of the other spe-
cies having them grouped in twos and
threes. Cocos Yatai hasa lighter color
of leaf than most of the species and
is rather a slow grower. C. Petraea
remains stemless and C. Normanbyana
is a miniature species only two or
three feet high when mature. C.
spqciosa is silvery gray in color with
the leaflets grouped very irregularly,
while a species coming without name
from the Entre Rios district of South-
ern Brazil promises to be the finest of
all, being a large species of rapid
growth with fronds of absolute sym-
metry and regularity gracefully arched
and tapering to threadlike delicacy at
their tips. The color is. uniform pale
silvery gray on both surfaces. A tree
of this species ten years of age is just
pushing its first flower spike which will
soon enable it to be properly identi-
fied. All the palms of this group do


by using
"The Ideal Fertilizer."
Price $27.00.
Per Cent.
Moisture.......................................................... 10 to 12
Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood
and Bone.................. ....... .................... 4% to 5X
Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone........ 4% to 5%
Sulphate of Potash.... ........ ........................ 11 to 13
Equivalent to Actual Potash................................. 6 to 8
Magnesium Sulphate, Lime, Calcium Sulphate, Organic Mat-
ter, etc........... .... .......... ....... .... .... 65 to 70
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood,
Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring matter used).
This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitro-
gen coming from three different ingredients is especially
valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak-
ing quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash
Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced.

When Fertilizing for Fruit, use .

Ideal Fruit and Vine Manure,

Ammonia ................................................ 2 to 4 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid............ ............... 6 to 8 "
Insoluble Phosphoric Acid ............................ 1 to 3 "
Sulphate of Potash ..... ........................ 20 to 24 "
Potash Actual K20... ......................... 10 to 12 "
Magnesium, Sulphate, Chloride, Calcium Sulphate,
etc.......... .... .............................. 55 to 60 "
Made exclusively from Snulphate of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda,
Blood, Bone, Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash.
Manufactured by
"The Fertilizer House of Florida,"

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.
Write Us for Prices before Buying.
Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton.

best on rather high and dry land,
though they will grow fairly well even
in a drained muck pond a foot or two
above the water.
One other ally of cocos calls for
brief mention, although it is still very
rare in Florida gardens; this is Acro-
comia Totai, a native of Paraguay and
the only extra-tropical member of its
genus. The West Indian species of
-acrocomia sometimes succeed for a time
in shehltere'd places but are too tender
for general use. A. Totai is nearly as
hardy as the date, and is a good grow-
er, at home both in dry and wet Flor-
ida soils.' The leaves are upright and
plum elike, light and rather milky green
in color; and every part of the plant,
whether trunk, leafstalk or leaf, bris-
tles with formidable black needle
spines. My first lot 6f seeds re-
mained dormant in their pot in the
greenhouse until the fifth year
after planting when one or two of
them sprouted, followed by a few
more a year later. Afterwards the
late Dr. Thomas,Morong of Columbia
College, sent me seeds collected by
him in Paraguay,under the name of A.
sclerocarpa, with 4 note as to their
commercial use in that country,
where an oil is expressed from their
kernels. These seeds sprouted in
about a year and prove to be A.
Totai. It is a very striking palm and
since its nuts are an article of com-
merce in Paraguay, some of our nur-
serymen should be able to get them in
quantity so that our gardens may be
All the palms mentioned in this art-
icle when set out as seedlings or small
plants should be planted with the base
as deep in the ground as possible, oth-
erwise they are apt to be blown over
after they have made tall trunks. The
best way is to set each palm in. the
bottom of a basin-like excavation a
foot or. more in depth; this may be
filled up as soon as the palm grows
tall enough. Both the palmettoes and
the dates in germinating provide nat-
urally for this deep setting, since the
growing seed sends its sprout down-
wards for considerable distance be-
fore beginning an upward shoot.
With the cabbage palmetto the pro-

cess of imbedding the trunk continues
for several years by an actual down-
ward growth exactly like the horizontal
creeping of the saw palmetto stem,
the roots being given off at one side
and each successive leaf rising from .a
point deeper in the ground than the
last, until a depth of perhaps two feet
below the surface has been reached,
after which the-roots radiate in all di-
rections from the base and an ascend-
ing trunk begins to form.

Work of Sees in Citrus Culture.
.Through the courtesy of Arthur R.
Briggs, erstwhile of the city and at
present of Fresno, where he has
charge of the immense landed estate
of the Bank of California, the "Re-
port" is able to present to its readers
an interesting feature of Fresno horti-
cultural experience. Mr. Briggs is
widely known throughout the United
:States, from the fact that for several
years he was leader in the movement.
for populating the State, and the facts
he presents will therefore have great
weight. In talking with a member
of the "Report" staff Mr. Briggs said
that a principle of some value appears
to have been developed in citrus
fruit culture in Fresno county during
the present season, namely, that the
action of bees amalgamates fruits to an
extent almost beyond belief.
On the Barton estate vineyard,
near Fresno, there is a small orchard
of citrus fruit trees, consisting of Med-
iterrenean sweets and navel oranges
and lemons. Colonel Trevalyan, who
has charge of the vineyard, recently in
gathering fruits discovered one tree
of Mediterranean sweets the product
of which had none of the features of
the true fruit. It is well known that
this variety of orange is small in size,
thin peel,. very juicy and full of seeds.,
The fruit from the tree in question
last year had all these characteristics.
In close proximity are navel orange
and lemon trees, all in fruit. The
specimen exhibited to the "Daily Re-
.port" has not: the color of the Medit-
erranean sweet, nor any of its peculiar
features. It is seedless, thick of skin,
and in flavor and external appearance'
more nearly resembles the lemon than

any other fruit. The secret of this
hybridization (for this appears to be
the cause) of this freak seems to be
the work of bees. For protection and
convenience a hive of bees was placed
under the tree last spring. The navel
orange pollen evidently was carried
to the blossom and eliminated the
seeds, while the lemon pollen carried
the same way converted the fruit al-
most into a lemon. If this theory is
correct it establishes an important
principle in citrus fruit culture, and
will cause growers who have bees to
keep them as far from their orchard
as possible.-San Francisco Daily
The facts surmised by the Califor-
nia paper have long been known to
many Florida orange-growers. Thus
Mr. E. H. Hart, in the American
Fruit Culturist, twentieth edition, says:
"When various kinds of citrus are in-
termingled in one grove, distinguish-
ing characteristics are sometimes com-
pletely wiped out. In extreme cases
almost the whole crop on a tree of
an elongated variety has become spher-
ical or even flattened, and vice versa;
navel oranges lost their special mark,
and the navel seal appeared on nearly
all the fruit of a China orange tree.
Navel oranges, properly seedless,
have acquired seeds from the pollen
of adjoining seedy varieties; also what'
appeared to be oranges have .been
found on lemon trees and the reverse.
Although these changes may not be
sufficiently common to forbid the in-
termingling of different trees in a
commercial grove, yet they are com-
mon enough to prove how easily and
rapidly changes in types and varieties
may be brought about; the necessity
of care in the selection of seed; and
also what some botanists have denied,
namely, that the influence of pollina-
tion appears directly in the flesh of
the fruit instead of affecting merely
the seed."

SMexican Oranges in September.
Two young Americans went to
Mexico. They bought 22,200 acres
of land for $17,000, Mexican money.
The land ran back from Manzanillo,

which is situated on the main line and
has about 2,000 inhabitants.
Cocoanuts grow wild, and for two
bits a day natives could be employed
to gather them and bring them in.
The larger ones were bagged for ex-
port, the smaller ones being used in
the manufacture of cocoanut oil. Or-
anges grew without cultivation.
Four miles back 700 acres were
planted, among the forest trees, which
were ,then girdled and left to rot, add-
ing fertility to the soil. This occurred
six years ago. The first crop was
shipped this year and amounted to
twelve carloads.
They were sent to Chicago by way
of the Sante Fe, at the same rate as
from California.
Eight cents in gold paid the freight
from Manzanillo to Guaymas, and 90
cents from Guaymas to Chicago. The
fruit begins to ripen about the ist of
September, thus offering to this fruit
the September and October market,
which as a rule is the hungry time for
a sweet thin-skinned orange, like the
Jamaica, but having a lighter color.
About 300 acres of limes planted.
They grow wild, in that section, but
these 300 acres were arranged in or-
chard fashion and produced the finest
limes in the world. So prolific was
the growth, that the owner claimed a
car a day could be shipped for six
A plan is already afoot for the es-
tablishment of a mill for citric acid,
and also a factory for preparing pick-
led limes.
Last year 1-76 ooo pines were set
out as an experiment, which proved
successful, 50 and 75 cents each being
obtained for them in San Francisco,
and an average weight of from four to
eight pounds rewarding the effort.
The varieties were mostly Cayetifle
and Porto Rico, the slips coming
from Vera Cruz on the east coast.-
The.Fruitman's Guide.

The first solid car load of tomatoes
to be shipped by a single grower from
Sanibel, will be made tomorrow by
H. E. Pendry. The car goes to a
Chicago house.-Ft. Myers Press.




A Native Persimmon Orchard.
An Indiana letter in Green's Fru:
Grower says:
I have been trying to work into th
business for seven years past. Thi
year my crop amounted to something
over o100 gallons. I send these fei
lines hoping they may benefit some o
the readers of the Fruit Grower tha
are experimenting with the persim
mon. The business is no longer ii
the experimental stage in this vicinity
Mr. Logan Martin, a citizen of th,
adjoining county, more than twenty,
years ago sold his first gallon of per
simmons for one dollar. This en
courage him to try his hand at propa
gation and cultivation. I understand
that he now has some six or sevei
hundred trees in bearing. I was tolc
a short time ago that the present sea
son he had shipped i,000 cases anc
would perhaps have three or foui
hundred more, Chicago, Indianapolis
and Louisville getting about all o
them. This persimmon is known to
the trade as Martin's Golden Gem.
He claims for it extra quality anc
handsome appearance. It part,
smoothly from the burr. Hardiness
and productiveness. Fewer seeds
than most varieties and good shipping
qualities. I will take the liberty tc
send by express to your address a
package one-half the size of the ordin.
afy shipping case, so that you can de
scribe the same to your readers and
compare the fruit with any samples
that you may happen to have on hand.
Mr. Martin is very enthusiastic on the
subject and is very confident that he
has the best persimmon ever put on
the market. I hope this agitation will
go on until the best persimmon is
brought to the front and all may know
where to get it. To those failing to
get the seed to grow, I would say:
In the fall dig a shallow bed four
inches deep in a shady place. Spread
the seed about one inch thick on the
bottom, fill up level, and as early in
the spring as you can prepare the
ground plant about the same as for
peaches, except the depth-two inches
being about right. I believe it would
be preferable to plant in the fall where
you wish to grow the trees. I could
touch on other matters connected with
the subject but for the present I for-
The Prince Pear.
editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
In the Times Union of Sept. 4th
occurs the following from an Ocala
letter :
"Major Rooks has on exhibition in
Bunnell's window the finest pears ever
seen in Ocala. They are of the Prince
variety, and the Major says they are
superior to any pear ever introduced
into Florida. In flavor and juiciness
they are like the renowned Bartlett.
The Major has been an enthusiast in
their cultivation. Besides having
brought to bearing a fine orchard of
them, he has induced his neighbors to
do likewise."
Perhaps some of your readers, like
myself, would be interested in learn-
ing something about this pear. It does
not appear to be offered by any of our
nurserymen, so far as I know. I wrote
to Major Rooks' family for informa-

ltion, enclosing stamp for reply, bt
it have received no answer. We war
to know its kind and origin, and where
e young Trees or grafts can be hac
s Can the editor inform us ?
g E. H. HART.
v Federal Point, Fla.
'f We regret to say that we can giv
t no information as to this variety c
- pear. We have written to some o
n the leading nurserymen of the State
. but they have no knowledge of it.
Young Trees Are Best.
The question is often asked: "Wil
- not the continued planting of tree
I ruin the business?" Experts say no
n "There are," says the Central State:
I Fruit Grower, "natural limitations oi
- the industry that prevent this. Thej
I are the extreme winters, frosts, yellows
r lack of cultivation, failure to thin fruit
s by which the tree overproduces, pooi
f fruit, and last, a fact not sufficient)
known, viz.: that the profitable crops
. are the first seven. It is better after i
1 tree has borne seven annual crops tc
remove it, as a business investment
putting a new tree in its place rather
than allow it to occupy the ground, or
plant a tree in some other place and
use this ground for other things. A
good many growers will agree with
this statement, but the best gets the
money. It is not disputed that the
trees will continue to bear after the
first seven years, and many times with
profit, but if you are in business for
gain, year in and year out, the above
holds good."
This rule is not of universal applica-
tion in Florida. The writer has had
better success in planting LeConte
pear trees three or four years old than
with those only a year old.

Fort Ogden truckers will plant large-
ly of watermelons, under contract
with Mr .A. Burford, of Johns-
town, Ga. He furnishes the Kolb
Gem seeds, and will pay $20 per hun-
dred for all that will average twenty
pourinds and upwards, up to the ist
day of June. He has also contracted
all along the F. S. railroad on the
same terms, and will ship in car lots.
This new plan will work to the ad-
vantage of all, as the small growers
who do not have a car load can sell
all they have.
The Osceola Gazette of Kissimmee,
in announning that the St. Cloud Su-
gar Mills have closed down for the
season, says that i,oo,1ooo pounds of
sugar have been turned out during the
winter, which was shipped to Phila-
delphia for refining. This is the pro-
duct of some of the overflowed .lands
which were sold by Governor Blox-
ham and afterwards reclaimed by
draining. Had it not been for our far-
seeing Governor this very land would
now still be idle, drawing no taxes
and giving no work to thousands who
are now employed.-Lake Butler Bul-
A number of truckers at Hypoluxo
are selling their vegetables to the ho-
tels at Palm Beach. -Tropical Sun.
Over 3,000 crates of tomatoes were
shipped from this place last week.-
Manatee County item.'


Intensive Culture Profitable on
Poor Sandy Soil.
A figure familiar to many citizens of
e Jacksonville is that of the little cigar-
If make, E. A. Lindsley. He raises his
If own tobacco, frequently buys a small
, crop or two to add to it, cures it, has
the entire lot manufactured into cigars
in his own factory, about two miles
north of Jacksonville, and sells them
throughout the city. He has invent-
ed a very ingenious system of cigar
s boxes, light and inexpensive which
he gives with the cigars, and twice
s every week he makes the round of the
n city with his one-horse wagon and
y generally disposes of his entire load.
, We have often visited his factory and
, little farm, and written about them in
r these columns; but his example is so
full of encouragement to the growers
s of South Florida who are hesitating to
embark in a tobacco growing experi-
ment that we may be pardoned for
giving the main facts again.
Mr. Lindsley has been engaged in
tobacco growing for seven or eight
years, but considers that he has much
Syet to learn as to the processes of cur-
ing and manufacture. He does not
advise any beginner to follow his ex-
ample in attempting to manufacture
'his crop into cigars or even in curing
it except under the constant personal
supervision of an expert. A farmer
should not undertake tobacco culture
in this State in an isolated way. He
should induce enough of his neigh-
bors to unite with him to guarantee
twenty or thirty acres, and a local
association with sufficient capital to
erect one central curing house or
more and employ an experienced man
to oversee the curing the first year at
Mr. Lindsley does not attempt to
conceal that the process of curing
cigar tobacco in the rainy season" 1
of Florida is a difficult one; it re-
,quires intelligence, promptness to act, t
and thorough-going daily inspection
of the barns at critical periods in the
More than that, Florida abounds in
insect enemies to the growing tobacco c
plant, for the winter is not severe ]
enough to destroy their broods as it a
does further north. In his earlier years I
Mr. Lindsley fought insects, under I
great difficulty and discouragement, c
with such imperfect appliances as ex c
perience had suggested up to that f
date. But of late, with the one in-
comparable insecticide-paris green-
scientifically applied, he feels the
ground secure under him and is pre- I
pared to bid the insect world defiance.
The feature of this case which af- n
fords most encouragement to the I
farmer contemplating tobacco culture o
in the orange belt is that the soil around r
Jacksonville, back from the river, d
will average as poor as the poorest on a
which oranges can be successfully p
grown. He calls his place "a black- n
jack ridge," and yet the grand water- tl
oaks and sycamores along the- road- st

side attest that the soil has some very
substantial qualities. There seems to
be no clay bottom; at least a nine-
foot well has not revealed any. The
sub-soil,.would be the delight of an or-
ange grower-a rich, golden sand, al-
most as mellow to the touch as velvet.
consists of sixteen acres, and of this
he never plants more than one acre in
tobacco. He says he cannot properly
take care of more than that aceage,
together with his other crops. It is
practically his only money crop, all
the rest of his land being occupied
with forage and food crops. He has
three fine, large Tennessee horses, a
few sleek hogs and numerous fowls.
His tobacco barns and stables are not
large, but their arrangement has been
well studied, and on one side of his
well-kept grounds is a substantial frame
building bearing the legend, "La Rose
Cigar Factory, No. 59." He buys
now and then a small crop to supple-
ment his own in making cigars.
He uses no other kind except ani-
mal manure, and latterly, a little ashes
-not even cotton seed meal. In
addition to his own supply, he hauls
a good deal from the stables of the
Southern Express Company and
others. It lies widely -scattered in
the barnyard, which, of course,
causes a good deal of waste in the
rain, but prevents it from fire ranging
and rots it thoroughly, without which
it is not fit for tobacco or vegetables.
He hauls it onto the land without stint,
seventy-five or eighty one-horse loads
to the acre-and one of his powerful
horses will haul as much as two ordi-
nary Florida nags.
These run east and west on a warm
slope with a southern exposure; they
are several hundred feet long and
about six feet wide. The surface is
slightly raised above the general level,
and the soil is made rich. There are
slats across at intervals, on which cur-
tains made of grain sacks can be
rolled down on rollers as a protection
:o the plants on cold nights.
At the time of the severe freeze two
years ago this month his plants were
well up, and he was so discouraged
he did not go near them for several
lays, knowing they must be killed.
Finally he told his man they would go
Lnd uncover the beds and sow cab-
age seeds, when, to his great sur-
rise, he found a good stand of tobac-
:o plants. Enough belated seed had
ome up to take -the place of the
rozen plants.
On his one acre Mr. Lindsley raises
eight varieties of tobacco, namely, the
ruelta Abajo, the Little Cuba, the
omstock Spanish, the Hyco, the
lester (from Connecticut), the Con-
ecticut seed-leaf, the Sumatra, the
3urcklen hybrid, and a hybrid of his
wn production. He is inclined to
educe the number of his varieties and
oes not advise the beginner to plant
anything but the Vuelta Abajo.. The
ure Sumatra he has discarded as of
o value, but he uses it to produce
his hybrid just mentioned. In a:
separate bed where he wishes to raise





plants to produce seed he sets out two
plants of the Comstock to one of the
Sumatra, thus giving the hybrid a pre-
ponderance of the Comstock qualities.
On his seed plants he allows only the
first bud to produce seed; all the oth-
ers are picked off.
(Remainder next week.)
Propagating Tobacco by Slips.
From newspapers just received from
Europe I gather very interesting in-
teresting intelligence in regard to a
most important and valuable agricul-
tural discovery, which I think will
prove very surprising and of great im-
portance to many of your readers.
The discovery which promises to rev-
olutionize the entire system of tobacco
culture was made by Mr. William
Daroczi, editor of the Magyar Dotan-
yujsag or Hungarian Tobacco-Gazette,
of Budapest, a well-known expert in
all matters pertaining to tobacco cul-
ture. Hitherto tobucco has been
considered by everybody as an annual
plant, the chief difficulty and labor in
its cultivation being caused by the
preparing of new plants every year.
Mr. Daroczi's discovery is that all
kinds of tobacco (at least all kinds
cultivated in Hungary and Germany),
can be propagated by slips. He
claims the leaves harvested from the
thus propagated plants are in every
respect finer and of higher quality
than those of the mother plant. Mr.
Daroczi intends to make a few more
experiments before publishing full de-,
tails of his discovery, which are looked
forward to with greatest interest by
all European growers. It would be
* needless to dwell at any length upon
the importance of this discovery,
which, if it proves practicable, will do
away with the preparing of hotbeds,
repeated plantings-in one word, the
worst drudgery of tobacco culture, and
shorten the growing time of the tobac-
co plants by at least one or two weeks.
-Dr. Anthony de Tavaszy, in the
American Agriculturist..
We fail to see how slips are to be
preserved through the winter.
Tobacco Seed.
H. S. Elliot, chief clerk in the ag-
ricultural department at Tallahassee,
is sending out packages of Cuba and
Sumatra tobacco seed. These tobacco
seed may be had in small quantities
from the State agricultural department
free. A quarter of an ounce properly
handled will plant an acre of tobacco.
The number of inquiries about Flori-
da tobacco received at the agricultural
department is very large. Also Mr.
H: Curtis, of Quincy, Fla., the Agri-
cultural and Immigration Agent of the
F. C. & P. Railroad, has enough Su-
matra seed, obtained in'Amsterdam, to
plant between three and four hun-
Sdred acres, which he will distribute to
: planters. .
The fact that the water hyacinth is
a good stock and poultry feed dees not
remove the other fact that its presence
' in the rivers and smaller streams -is a
serious obstacle 'to commerce. Stock
and 'poultry-'owners can find enough
:of the water plant in lakes and unnav-
igable streams to supply the demand
for years to come, so let the govern-
ment remove it from the larger streams,.
-Orlando Reporter.


Agriculture Yet in its Infancy.
From a lecture delivered by Ed-
ward Atkinson before the New Jersey
Board of Agriculture, at Trenton,
which we find in the Boston Herald,
we extract the following :
Thirty-five years ago all the infor-
mation existed in a scientific form on
which the cottonseed oil industry has
been developed. I put it into shape
in 1861. It attracted no attention
until 188o, when I again called atten-
tion to this fruitful field of wealth in
an address given at Atlanta, in prepa-
ration for the exhibition of 1881.
Since then this secondary product of
the cotton plant,-to which practical
and general attention was then for the
first time directed, has reached a valu-
ation in excess of $50,000,000 a year.
When the present Secretary of Ag-
riculture came into office-whom I
had never met, although I had long
been a correspondent-I called upon
hinm l-atincr that T hard a complaint to

Get your Potatoes to Market Early by using

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Ammonia ........... ............. ....... ....... 4 to 5 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid...................................... 6 to 8 "
Insoluble Phosphoric Acid...................................... 1 to 2 "
Sulphate of Potash .... ..... ..................... 16 to 18 "
Potash Actual...................................... ............ 8 to 10 "
Made from Nitrate of Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia, Blood, Bone, Dissolved
Bone, Sulphate and Muriate of Potash.

A Selected Lot of Fine Seed Potatoes.
Improved Eearly Rose No. 4, Carmen No. 1, Rural New Yorker No. 2, and
other leading varieties.
For Melons use IDEAL FERTILIZER. Correspondence solicited. A large
stock of Potash, Blood and Bone, Cotton Seed Meal, and Agricultural Chemicals.
Get our prices before buying.
Teilson Fertilizoo err House of orida.o.
"The Fertilizer House of Florida."


lodge against that department. tions are about to be applied, not only
"What is it? said the Secretary. to the cultivation and shelling of these
It don't know beans," I replied. nuts, but to the moving of the cuticle
That," said he, is a very suitable of the kernel, thereby removing the
objection to come from a Boston strong flavor, so that the oil yielded
man." is a rich, neutral, vegetable oil, avail-
To which I replied: "More suit- able for many, many purposes. I be-
able from a Southern man. The leg- lieve you can grow peanuts in New
uminous plants, beans and pea vines, Jersey.
are the renovators of the soil which There is another plant to which my
has been wasted under the slave sys- attention has been called lately, a
tem in many ways. southern plant known as the chufaa,"
"Who has given any attention to which can be grown on very poor land
the innumerable varieties? The Chi- of light quality. It is said to produce
nese, the East Indian and the Japa- three to four bushels of nitrogenous
nese have developed science, and in ground peas free of shell, which the
these poor, and in great extent hot hogs root for and do not die, but fat-
countries, the nitrogenous element of ten on." It will grow as far north, if
beans and peas supplements the rice I am rightly informed, as New Jersey.
and yields muscular energy, while It is one of the vetches, tenacious, al-
bean meal has for centuries been used most irremovable if once introduced
as food for cattle and nutrition for the into the soil. What do you know
sugar cane and other plants. Here about chufas?
it is simply known that pea vines are What other unknown forces are
renovators. there waiting for application? One I
"In 880 I imported a few bushels will presently name, which, if devel
of soya beans, the most nutritious and oped on the lines now promised, will
least oily of all the varieties. They make the greatest revolution in agri
were distributed from the Atlanta ex- culturee that we have yet witnessed;
hibition in 1881, and the soya bean will almost double the food crops of
has since become one of the great for- our fields while changing all the con-
age crops of the South. Yet, there editions. of many arts. That heretofore
may be as good or better varieties unknown quantity is nothing but corn-
among our own peas and beans. As stalks.
yet there is no science, no analysis, A simple mechanical invention for
corresponding to 'Church's Food grinding cornstalks and then winnow-
Plants of India,' in which such an ing out the pith, or cellulose, provides
analysis is given of the beans and peas a material for backing the steel plates
from which the necessary protein is of ships of war which keeps out the
derived by the East Indians, the Chi- water, -even if the hole be made by an
nese and the Japanese, whose main eight-inch shell, so great is its power
staple is rice. No one has known the of swelling when filled with 20 times
difference between one kind and an- its volume of water. All present con-
other of our leguminous plants." tracts for new. ships of war call for the
The secretary acted on the screed. use of this material, and this unsink-
Since that time, under the skillful di. able ship of war may render worthless
reaction of Dr. Dabney, the assistant all the ships of our lately new but now
secretary, very great progress has been old and out-of-date navy.
made, and the source of the nitrogen We may hope that some new inven-
in the bacteria that dwell on these tor will presently destroy the effective-
plants has been discovered. ness of all the ships of war now being
Within a year or two I have dared constructed. When nations can no
to predict as great a development of longer fight upon the ocean, the peace-
oil from the.peanut in the next fifteen ful commerce of the seas.will be un-
years as has -occurred in the' develop- obstructed, and as Gladstone so nobly
ment of cottonseed' Already inven- said, ships that pass from this land to

- - Florida.

that shall be like the shuttle of the
loom, weaving the web of concord
among the nations.
But this and other uses of the pith
of the cornstalk, which constitutes only
about one- eighth of its weight, are of
least importance compared to others.
It seems to be well proved by a year
or more of test at the Maryland Ex-
periment Station that by the removal
of the pith, which had absorbed the
saliva and gastric juices of the stock
fed on the crude material, the ground
residuum becomes equal to, if not bet-
ter, ton for ton, than the best of hay
for any kind of stock. When you con-
ceive that the quantity of such ground
cornstalk meal-pith removed-will
be greater than the whole hay crop
measured in tons, you can imagine
what this means if sustained in prac-
There is yet more; it is claimed that
this product yields cane sugar at a very
low cost, with a secondary product of
excellent paper stock, and 'if treated
for alcohol yields pure spirit free of
fusel oil.
I have spoken of this conversion of
the waste of cornstalks with great re-
serve, hardly daring to repeat the
claims that are made about it. The
conversion of the cellulose to naval
defence is proved; the'-value of the
ground residuum as food for stock is
no longer an open question. If it-
should prove to be an abundant source
of cane sugar, pure alcohol and paper
stock, and if from this cellulose trans-
lucent, flexible plates can be made an
unbreakable lamp chimney,there would
still remain many other subsidiaryuses
of this part of the cornstalk product.

Rt.mie Tests in Leon County.
editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Your letter to Colonel L. B. Womb-
well, Commissioner of Agriculture, ask-
ing information as to the growth of ra-
mie. has been handed me for reply.
About ten or twelve years ago I set
a few ramie roots in my garden which
have grown and made a crop of stalks.
every season from six to ten feet hrgh,
and those who professed to know said -
they were as fine as those grown in





Louisiana. I have never tried to grow
a crop, but have found that it is easily
propagated from short pieces of the
root. Roots multiply rapidly, and if
set in rows three feet apart they would
in a few years cover, or take posses
sion of, the whole ground and grow
so as to be harvested with a mower.
I think two, or perhaps three cut-
tinigs can be made in a year. It is one
of the first things to start growing in
the spring, often being caught and
nipped by late frosts, and grows until
fall frosts stop it. The plant puts on
a sort of bloom, but no seed.
It is said by some to make a good
stock feed; this, however, is a mistake;
I have never seen an animal that would
eat it. Perhaps a goat might.
I have sent several small lots to par-
ties who were experimenting with de-
corticating machines; they all pro-
nounce the fibre very good. One of
the parties was a Mr. Kingsford, of St.
Louis. I enclose a sample of fibre,
but cannot tell what machine made it.
There is no doubt in my mind as to
our being able to grow ramie, and if
the inventors will make a machine that
will decorticate and degum the stalks
cheaply it will be grown.
The above are about all the facts as
to growth that I know. If of any use
to you put them in such shape as you
,Bradfordville, Leon Co., Fla.

In 1894, 56,209 whole or barrel
crates, of pineapples, or about 3,000,
ooo fruits were shipped out of Florida.
In 1875, the number of imported pine-
apples received at New York was
5,787,755, but in 1882, the number
received at that port was only 2,533,-
320. These figures practically illus-
trate the rapid decrease of importation
of that fruit, and the correspondingly
rapid increase in home production.
The generally recognized superiority
of the Florida product over that of
West India, and the phenomenal sue
cess attending the culture of pineapples
in this State, will, we believe, soon
practically shut out foreign competi-
tion, and leave the Peninsular State
the undisputed pineapple field so far
as the consumption of that fruit is con-
cerned in the United States.-Orlando
As civilization has advanced the
cattle interests of the State have been
driven southward until now the region
of stock raising lies principally below
a line drawn from Tampa eastward.
But there is still in this section large
herds that yield immense incomes to
their owners. The principal stocks
are owned by Judge Ziba King in
DeSoto and adjoining counties, T. M.
Lybass in the Fort Myers section, the
Summerlins in the Kissimmee Island
and W. C. Lesley in the same neigh-
borhood. Besides these, many men
own large stocks that are valuable.-
Tampa Tribune.
The Florida .Fertilizer Company
have engaged the services of E. W.
Johnson of Lake City, an experienced
tobacco grower, to take charge of a
large tobacco plantation near this city.
-Col. J. B. Dell of Hague will also
grow tobacco and has engaged the
services of an experienced tobacco
grower.-Gainesville Sun.


Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla.

The Hen and the Fox.

The jealousy of chanticleer.
He shall not harm a single feather
Of your fair neck, when we're to-
Your neck! ay, now I think upon it,
With your white shawl and scarlet
You'll be, by all, both far and near,

We make a digression this month from Mistaken for a cherub, dear.
the strictly utilitarian character of the P. Well, Mr. Reynard, have you done?
poultry department to reproduce a read- If so, I think you'd better run.
ing lesson from the "Young Reader," a My master's coming to the hovel-
school book from which some sixty-four You see that broomstick and that
years ago we learned to read. Our young shovel-
readers will enjoy it, and it may strike You see the door that you came-
the eyes of some who have'reached their in at-
three score and ten years, who, with a I If you're not off in half a minute,
dozen others, toed the crack on the floor Instead of fowls, or ev'n a chicken,
of the old school-house of the district! You'll get, as you deserve, a kicking.
school, and read the dialogue between' The wily flatterer dropped his chin,
Reynard and Dame Partlett: And out he sneaked, as he sneaked in.
"M'oal ThTtn I i, ldrI v i t'lh ;l

[See Conversation Corner.] e- n. .L. e ds;
A white old hen with yellow legs, The wise are never without friends.
Who'd laid her master many eggs, -Southern Ruralist.
Which, from her nest, the boys had
taken *
To put in a cake, or fry with bacon, Poultry and Sunflowers.
Was roosting in an outer hovel,
Where barrel, bird-cage, middle, shovel, High authority is sometimes liable to
Tub, piggin, corn-bag, all together, be mistaken. One of our Experimental
Were put, to keep them from the Stations gave the opinion that Florida
weather, clover (beggar-weed) was unworthy of
When an old fox stole in one night, cultivation. Since then it has been
As the full moon was shining bright, proven one of the best, if not the best in
Hoping-if he his nose might stick the South, not only for stock feed but
in- for fertilizing the soil.
That he might carry off a chicken; A short time back the "Country Gen-
Or, from a window-ledge or shelf, tlemen" was asked if the leaves of the
Might jump and reach the old hen her- sunflower had any value as food for live-
self. stock. The answer by the editors was
Her roost, however, was so high that the sunflower leaves possessed no
He saw it was in vain to try, value that they knew about.
By all his jumping, to get at her; Now a writer in the Southern Florist
"So then," says he, "I think I'll flatter gives as his experience that there is no
The old fool's vanity for, look, part of the sunflower that poultry will
Have her I must, by hook or crook; not eat and that greedily and beneficially
In iact I've thought so much about if they are at all hungry.
I shall fare ill without her." The sunflower will grow anywhere
Thus then spoke Reynard,smooth and almost; and, in sowing it, sow thickly.
Thusthenspokeeynardsmoo Then thin out gradually and feed the
And thus Dame Partlet made reply. thinning to the poultry. Prolong the
Reynard. Goodevening,madam; how d'ye thinning season as far as it can be pro
Reynard. Goodeveningmadam; how d'ye longed consistently with what is due to
Partlet. I'm ne'er the better, sir, for you. the main crop.
R. "Better!" you need not, cannot be, The writer's experience is worthy of a
You're always well enough for me. trial on a small scale and if results ac-
P. Well, if I am then, as you own, cord with that experience, a green and
Pray, sir, let "well enough" alone, grain crop is within the reach of every
R. Dear madam, if you only knew poultry raiser on -a small area of land. It
But half the love I feel for you- may require some little time, and possi-
P. "But half!" Nay, be it great or bly the chopping up of the plant to teach
small, sir, the poultry to eat it, but it seems as
I rather think I know it all, sir. probable that they would take to it, as to
Indeed! Well, madam, that has dry clover hay. The sunflower will grow
taught me anywhere, where almost anything else
To care for you; and that has brought will grow and particularly in the sandy
me lands of the South. Give it thorough
Thus late to call-perhaps it's rude, trial in an experimental way. Southern
But, ma'am, I hope I don't intrude, hens take readily to almost anything
P. "Intrude!" Indeed, sir, but you do. green.
R. It grieves me to hear that from you;
I'll therefore say no more at present, Glorifying the Hen.
Than just to hint, that, as it's
pleasant- k Galen Wilson, in Farm and Fireside.
(In truth, you know not, shut up requested an old, crippled soldier engaged
here, in poultry raising, for his views, and re-
How pleasant/tis abroad, my dear)- ceived the following:
And I delight to hear you talk, "Eggs are always cash. They are rea-
I've called to invite you to a walk. dy for market the minute laid, and the
P. "A walk!" The like who ever heard! sooner they are got to market the better.
A quadruped to woo a bird! They require no cultivation, pruning,
I'm sick, and early went to bed, or harvesting, but are at once in salable
And scarcely can hold up my head. condition. With plenty of eggs on the
R. "Sick!" my dear lady! What can .farm there are a host of good things in
ail? the kitchen and money in the family
Indeed you do look very pale. purse. Gathering up eggs is like picking
I'm sure your illness can arise up dimes and dollars. Great is the hen
But from the want of exercise; that produces them. When everything
Too much confinement fades the fair. is dull in winter the egg-basket has won-
A pleasant walk, in open air, derfully helped out many a poor farmer.
With pleasant company, at night, The crops may be poor, the provisions
When the moon shines, will set all low, the family cow dry, with a long wait
right. for the next growing season, but the hen
And'should you tire, I'll call a hack, .comes up smiling, and is ready to get a
Or; better, take you on my back. pound of tea or a sack of flour.' If treat-
I'm sure, though I don't mean to ed. well, she will respond as readily when
flatter, the snow is on the ground as when the
That one of us would be the fatter field are green. She is a friend to the
For such a walk; nay, never fear I rich ancd poor alike."


has proven conclusively that
better grapes and peaches,
and more of them, are produced
when Potash is liberally ap-
plied. To insure a full crop of
choicest quality use a fertilizer
containing not less than io%

Actual Potash.
Orchards and vineyards treat-
ed with Potash are compara-
tively free from insects and
plant disease.
All about Potash-the results of its use by actual ex-
periment on the best farms in the United States-is
told in a little book which we publish and will gladly
mail free to any farmer in America who will write for it.
93 Nassau St., New York.


.... Choice



-- P'oRe 0ALE.. 4-

Smooth Cayenne I! Home Grown II



P. 0. Box 449.



Pineapple Slips

S.. and Suckers

Of the Following Varieties

Apply to .
Florida Pineapple Comp'any,
Or to .
West Palm Beaehb Fla

Worth it'9 Weight In !
For your name and address on a postaardwe
will tell you how to make the best wire fence
on earth, horse-high, bull-strong and
Kig-tighl, atmhe actual r wholesale cost wire.
kitselman Bros. BoxB. Ridgeville, Ind.

S-the thriftyindustrious henm.Al about her
and how to make money from poultry in
Now Poultry Culdefor 1897.
E g100 pes; printedin color; best rlanstfor
Spoultry housessure remedies and recipes
or diseases. Sent for 5. if you write now.
JoNi 1B3AUBOp tr., Box 31, frtet, Zl.





State News.

Bumble-bees, when troublesome,
can be exterminated in two days by
placing a tablespoonful of Paris green
at the entrance of their nests. In
crawling over it enough of the pow.
der adheres to the food they carry in
to poison the entire family. The sin-
gular effect of the poison is that after
three days not a bee remains in the
nesteither dead or alive.-Eustis Lake
Col. S. S. Harvey, of this county,
well known as one of the largest and
most successful fruit growers of the
state, especially of pears, was in the
city yesterday. In conversation with
a reporter of The News he expressed
the opinion that the present conditions
of the weather were highly favorable
for a large crop of fruit in this county
during the coming season. He said
that while there had been no severe
freezes there had been more clear cold
weather than usual this winter, which
had held the sap in check and pre-
vented the premature swelling of the
buds. Usually at this late date in Jan
uary the buds on the trees are burst-
ing, but a careful examination of his
orchard had shown no sign of swell-
ing.-Pensacola News.
The Manatee Lemon Co., is a stock
company owned principally by north-
ern men-J. H. Preston & Co, of
Providence, R. I., and Connecticut
capitalists owning most of the stock.
They have had some profitable results
from their investment. A young grove
of twelve acres owned by them pro-
duced $4,800 worth of oranges this
winter. 12 to 13 boxes of grape fruit
were picked from single trees in their
groves. From eight lemon trees they
have picked one hundred boxes of fruit
and there is from thirty to forty boxes
still on the trees. This company have
in one grove 200 acres of budded or-
ange and grape fruit trees coming into
bearing, having paid from $50 to $200
per acre for the virgin land. They
employ from thirty to fifty men the
year round.-Tampa Tribune.
The Atwood grove, six months ago
a quarter of a square mile of dense
tropical forest, is now in a fine state of
cultivation, several small shipments of
lettuce have been made, an immense
area of cabbage and onions are grow-
ing finely, aud other big areas of toma-
toes and beans are waiting for rain to
show to good advantage the remarka-
ble richness of the soil. Several very
extensive ditches which are really
canals have been dug, preparatory to
the rainy season, and Surveyor Camp
is arranging with mathematical pre-
cision the exact position of the trees,
for which the black dirt .is being hilled
up.' Mr. John B. King, who has the
reputation of being one of the most
skill ul orange growers of the State,
has been engaged to oversee the grove
feature, and has gone up the State for
4,000 of the best grapefruit trees to be
found for the first planting. Several
buildings are being rapidly pushed to
completion and others are in prospect.
An immense amount of labor has been
done here, and it makes a big showing.
Mr. Atwood is expected next month.
.-Braidentown Journal.

Our Rural Home.

A BirthdayParty.

A young lady friend of mine,
awhile ago, celebrated her eighteenth
birthday with a party of her friends
in such an enjoyable manner that I
herewith give the program, the aim of
which was to have a good time at a
small cost. A large hall and two par-
lors were occupied by the guests.
They were lighted with lamps and
Chinese lanterns, a lamp being sus-
pended from the center of the ceiling,
and lanterns strung on wires extending
from the center to the four corners of
the room.
Enclosed with each invitation, writ-
ten on pink paper, was a little num-
bered tag to be fastened- to a leaf and
worn by the guest, who, on his ar-
rival, was given a tablet and pencil
with instructions to write the names
of all the leaves worn by the com-
pany, sign his own name to the sheet
and pass it in for judgment. One
lady succeeded in making a correct
list and was rewarded with a little
booklet shaped like an ivy leaf.
Next, the guests hunted for peanuts
hidden through the three rooms. The
one who found the most received a
little box of peanut candy; those who
found none were given each a peanut
Again they resumed the tablets and
with-eyes shut drew the picture of a
cat, then that of a pig. For the high-
est excellence shown in these efforts
was paid :a penny book of "Dame
Trot and the Cat," "The Three Little
Pigs," etc.
A pencil was the prize for the map
of the State drawn with the eyes open.
Six of them then sang together a
verse of different songs, the one that
could name the most of them received
the penny book "Sing a Song of Six-
Finally each wrote a stanza of four
lines, "To Nellie" (the hostess).
Sofne of them were very good. The
prize was a pencil and tablet.
Slips containing the name of one of
the girls were handed around to the
boys. This arranged the pairing of
the guests for the dancing-room,
whither they proceeded to partake of
refreshments consisting of cake and
ice cream.
After supper the time was devoted
to dancing accompanying the violin,
which continued till the young people
were satisfied with their sport, and
with universal consent took their
leave.-Western Rural.

Distilled Water.
It is well known that the use of dis-
tilled water for drinking will greatly
lengthen human life. While children
may be benefitted by drinking water
impregnated with lime and other
earthy matter, as is all undistilled
water, people of mature age are se-
riously affected, their bones and bodies
becoming gradually ossified. This os-
sification is really what is termed an
indication of old age.
I Our Rochester water is more pure
than that usually used in cities or
towns, and yet it is full of impurities.
I recently examined a tank into which

Hemlock water had been running for
four years without cleansing. There
was nearly half an inch of dirty black
sediment in the bottom of this tank.
Our water seems to vary in purity.
Often I have seen thousands of small
particles float in a glassful of water,
while at other times the water would
seem to be clear. I have a filter com-
posed of felt cloth. This cloth after a
few weeks' use becomes almost black
with accumulations of materials strain-
ed out of our Hemlock water. People
using well water, or even our lake wa-
ter, are always in danger of taking
into the system germs of typhoid fever
or diphtheria.
Considering how desirable it is that
people of mature years should drink
distilled water, is it not surprising
that we do not hear more on that sub-
ject ? Surely this is one of the ques-
tions which must interest people in the
future, if not at the present hour.
Water charged with lime and other
impurities will not free the system from
waste matter, as will distilled water.
These impure waters are all loaded
with about all the earthy material they
can carry; whereas the distilled water
is free from impurity and thus takes
up freely the earthy matter in the
My object in calling attention to
distilled water is to learn if there are
economic methods by which a family
could distill water for its own use.
Do any of our readers know of a still
adapted to this purpose, which could
be purchased for $o10.oo or $20.00?
If so, will they please reply giving full
particulars ?
While I am not an invalid, I am
using a distilled and carbonated table
water, which I find far more healthful
than Hemlock, or well water, but it
is expensive, costing 15 cents per quart,
while simple distilled water ought not
to cost but a fraction of that sum.-
Green's Fruit Grower.

Plants that have been recently re-
potted, palms especially, should not
be brought at once into a living room,
but kept where it is cool, nor should
they be watered so plentifully as they
were in a pot-bound condition.
Gilt picture frames may be freshened
and brightened by washing them with
a soft brush with the following mix-
ture: Put enough flour of sulphur into
a pint of water to give it a yellow tinge,
add two onions cut into pieces, and let
them boil; strain into a dish, and when
the liquid becomes cold it is ready for
Picking your teeth behind a napkin
is a questionable proceeding. It looks
as if you were determined that none of
the dislodged particles should fly across
the table at least. But it is better not
to go through this process, unless the
state of your teeth absolutely requires
something of the kind.
To test the heat of an oven use a bit
of white paper. If it burns at once
the oven is too hot for anything; if it
turns a delicate brown, it indicates
pastry heat; for cake it will be dark

yellow; light yellow shows the proper
heat for biscuit and sponge cakes, or
any requiring rather slow baking. For
meats the first heat should be strong,
to keep the juices in the meat.



Satisfied Sisters.

From the Tribune, Oullman, Ala.
Two well-known ladies of Holly Pond,
Cullman County, Alabama, are the Misses
H. A. and M. F. Shepard, and they are
held in the highest esteem.
Two years ago Miss M. F. Shepard was
stricken with terrible sickness, from
which she suffered long. The history of
the case is so interesting that we publish
the lady's own version as it is every way
worthy of perusal:
"Two years ago, last February, I was
stricken with a terrible pain around my
heart, which prostrated me for hours,
and from then on I grew weaker until
spring, when from impaired, circulation
and impoverishment of the blood, a
stomach difficulty set in, bloating my
body fearfully. Of course I was confined
to my bed, and to add to my'sorrows, a
general attack of rheumatism followed,
so that motion was painful, and locomo-
tion impossible.
"Several physicians were consulted,
but they gave me no relief, uniil the last
came, who so helped my stomach diffi-
culty that after several months I was
able to sit up. The rheumatism, how-
ever, stubbornly stayed, and I was ad-
vised that my only hope was the Hot
Springs of Arkansas. I was preparing to
make the journey when I was recom-
mended to try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.
"During my illness I had taken two
boxes of these self-same pills, but not in
the way recommended, as I was taking
other remedies. Now, though, I deter-
mined to try them properly, as I was no
longer under a physician's care, and could
do as I pleased, and my sister, Miss H.
A. Shepard, at my request, ordered six
boxes of Pink Pills for me, as I could not
leave the house and could only hobble
with the aid of crutches.
"By the, time I had finished the pills I
had given up crutches, though I was still
almost a skeleton from the ordeal through
which I had passed. I am now quite
fleshy, and the only agent that has caused
the change is Dr. Williams' Pink Pills,
for I used no other medicine. My right
hand is still drawn so that I can only use
the thumb and first finger, and my back
is still lame, but i am in better health
than for many years. None of my friends
expected me to live, and at one time it
was feared my reason was giving way.
I do not know how to pay a sufficiently
high tribute to Dr. Williams' medicine.
It is, I believe, the grandest blood medi-
cine that was ever prepared.
"Now, having stated my own case, let
me refer to my sister, Miss HA. Shep-
ard, who had a scirrhous'growth on her
right temple. This was terribly inflamed
and spreading so fast that I prevailed'
upon her to order five dollars' worth of
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and test their
virtue as a blood cleanser, as the only
means of arresting the rapid growth of
the cancer. This she did, ahd has taken
about seven of the boxes, and is still tak-
ing them. The sore has stopped spread-
ing, and appears to be hea ing. hen
she began to take the pills she was the
thinnest living being I ever: saw that
could move about. Now she has gained
in flesh, her skin has regained its, normal
appearance, and she is stronger and her
general health is better than it' has been
in many years. God grant she may. be "
spared the horrible death with which she,
was threatened. My sister's case, mores
than my own, has induced me towrite
this statement, in order that it may be
made public. M. F. SHEPARD,
(Signed) Cullman Co., Alabaima'"
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain, in a
condensed form, all the elements necees
sary to give new life and richness to the
blood and restore shattered nerves. They
are also a specific for troubles peculiar to
females, such.- as suppressions, irregular-
ties and all forms of weakness. They,
build up the blood, and restore the glow
of health to pale and sallow cheeks. In


men they effect a radical cure in all case
arising from mental worry. Pink Pill
are sold in boxes (never in loose bulk) a
50 cents a box, or six boxes for $2.50
and may be had of all druggists, or direc
by mail from Dr. Williams' Medicin,
Company, Schenectady, N. Y.

To the Newly Married.
"Were I to write a letter to the newl]
married" says a contributor to Harper'I
Bazar: "I should like to beg that nagg
ing be prohibited, and teasing secrets
that mutual concessions be indulged
that every disappointment in the othei
be regarded as an opportunity for help
ing that other, and not as an excuse foi
alienation; and I should beg that the on(
who had a trouble, share it with the
other, so that neither go about with
evidences of worry while declaring that
nothing is the matter. "Oh, nothing!"
in answer to a loving inquiry from hus-
band or wife sensitive to disturbed con-
ditions in one loved, is often the first
wedge which ultimately drives both
If these suggestions were fully followed
the condition of married life would be
very different from what it is in most
families. Sitting by the side of a wife
and matron with children nearly grown
recently, the object of bridal trips came
up, when she said their bridal trip did
not'occur till ten years after marriage I
suggested that was a long time after the
"honey-moon." She replied, "our honey-
moon is not over yet." And any one
who is familiar with the family life of
this couple can witness to the truthful-
ness of her statement.
The failure to observe the rules above
suggested is the entering wedge to family
discord, until the Wife becomes a com-
mon scold, and the husband is indiffer-
ent to the wishes and comforts of the
wife; the children finding no bond of
unity between parents, cease to love one
another or have confidence in the par-
ents or respect their commands. The
husbahid seeks the club, saloon or worse
places, and the, sanctity and joys of the
home are destroyed. Avoid the enter-
ig wedge.

The Discipline of Children.
"About the worst thing parents can do
is to discuss the failings of children before
them," says a writer min the Washington
Star. "The next worst thing is for one
parent to attempt to punish the child and
the other protest against it. Either action
will damage the respect of the child for
one or the other of its parents, and if
there is one thing more than another that
they want to preserve, it is their dignity
before their children. A child who gets
tde idea that one parent is at variance
fith. the other on the question of dis-
cipline will make both unhappy and
render itself decidedly objectionable by
playing off one parent against the other.
If you want to have any harmony in the
family. get together on the question of
disciplining the children-at least in
their presence-and ifyon want to quar-
rel on methods do it in the privacy of
your own apartments, where you can
have it out without lowering yourselves
in the eyes of the children."
,' : ..
A correspondent of the New York In-
dependent says: It is as a sanitarium
that Florida has been, and will continue
to b'e famous. People will' go thereto
spend the winter, and they will go there
to make homes, and, apart from the in-
ducement of oranges and trucking and
small fruits, there will always be enough
of them to guarantee the continued pros-
perity of the State. Just now the shock
or the freeze still lingers in the air and
affects real estate values; but. another
year. still up and up; ard by that time
the young orange trees will come into
bearing. If I had thoughts of going to
S: Florida, or of investing there, I should
most certainly not. let the freeze influence
me, unless it should be ah additional
inducement to hasten my movements.
1. *


andall BOW.I, COMPJ.AN'rTS.'
A Sure, Safe, Quick Cure for these
troubles Is

(parny DAvis'.)
Used Internally and OE.teonaley. .
Two Sizes, 25c. and hOc. bottles.

Ribera Pecan Grore and Pecan



Homes Wanted for Boys.
L For Our Rural Home.
On Thursday, Feb. 25th, there will
arrive at the Terminal Station, Jack-
sonville, a company of boys from the
Children's Aid Society of New York,
their ages averaging from 15 to 18
Younger boys will only be brought
in specially desirable cases, as for
Applicants must" name several ref-
erences, persons of good standing, not
The boys are to be treated as mem-
bers of the family. They are expected
to work for their board the first month
after which they shall receive in addi-
tion such compensation as shall be
mutually agreed upon, but in no in-
stance take less than at the rate of $30o
a year.
Applicants will pay the fare of their
boys from Jacksonville to their desti-
nation. While it is preferred that
they should meet and select their boys
yet where this is not convenient the
amount of fare may be sent to the un-
dersigned, but must be in hand not
later than Monday, Feb. 22nd. Re-
mit by registered mail or money order
on Jacksonville.
Send in your applications promptly
and' clearly, for this, the last company
of the present year.'
Fla. Agt. C. A. S.
Montclair, Fla.
Bread and Longevity. .
As compared with the nourishment
they give, fruits and nuts have the
least proportion of earthy salt. Ani-
mal flesh comes next, then vegetables,
and fourth in rank we have cereals
and pulses, which are shown to have
the largest amount of the earthy mat-
ters. From the analysis we see that
fruits as distinct from vegetables have
the least amount of earth salts. Most
of them contain a large quantity of
water, but that water is of the purest
kind-a distilled water of nature-and
has in solution vegetable albumen.
We also notice that they are, to a
great extent, free from oxidized albu-
mens-glutinous: and fibrinous sub-
stances; and many of 'them contain
acids-citric, tartaric, malic, etc.--
which, when taken into the system,
act directly upon the blood by increas-
ing its, solubility, by thinning it; the
circulation is more easily carried on
in the capillaries--which become les-
sened in calibre as age advances-than
it would it of a thicker nature. These
acids lower the temperature of the
body and. thus prevent the wasting
process of oxidation, or combustion
in the system.


20,000 SEEDLING PECAN TREES, Two Years Old, from my own Pecans, 15 to 24 inches
high, and many even higher, at $ro. oo per hundred, with liberal discount in lots of 1,ooo and
over. Terms, Cash with order. Shipment as directed. Transit charges to be paid by purchaser
on receipt. No responsibility after shipment.
Box 4, Bagdad, Florida. ARTHUR BROWN.


AV- Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed
x,ooo bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats, 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
pound; Rescue Grass, 30 cents per pound.


Exhilarating and stimulating effects .
produced by tea, coffee, or chocolate
are caused by theine in tea, caffeine
in coffee, and bromine in cocoa or SMOKE YOR MEAT WilH
chocolate--the latter containing a KRAUSERIS LIQUID EXTRACTDFSMOKE
smaller percentage of the stimulant Crcu L.AR.E.KRAUSER&BRD.MllOTN.M.
than the others. All have a similar
alkaloid base. d UP-TO.DATER
Milk has become extremely l.opular t _.- l, .
with all classes of physician; of late S! T
years. Formerly a fever patient was AXl., BRASS.
forbidden to take milk. In modern $17d0outfltfor6.0. Expresshar
paid. Will spray a 1-acre orchard
practice milk is about the only foed per day. 7,00ooo in use. Satisfaction garan
allowed. An exclusive diet ot milk is ted or mon refunded. IVd CUatalogue and
Treatise on Spraying free. Ag'ts wanted. Ei.
found very efficacious in diabetes. At elusive territory given. Rapid sellers. Many
the German pas, Carlsbad, Wiesba- of our agents are making from $10 to 15r .
den, etc., a very- little bread is allowed "
and the diet mostly made up of, milk, 40 WEST BAY STREET.
eggs, grapes and lean beef. Dr W f OiNNILLY llntist,
A non-starch diet is the rule; bread,
starchy vegetables, and cereals being (Graduate Dental Department University
almost excluded. Rice is easily di- of Maryland)
Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all other
gested and an excellent food, except work done under the most modern methods.
that it abounds in earth salts. Fruits Im Residence, 304 West Ashley Street;
are not only digested in the first
stomach, but they have a large part d. STEEKLER SEED EO., limited,
of their nourishment already in a con-
dition to be absorbed and assimilated MARY T. FROTSCHER, President,
Successors to
as soon as eaten. i r's Graie Wtret B nch Str

The food elements in bread and ce-
reals have to undergo a process of di.
gestion in the stomach and then be
passed on to the intestines for a still
further chemical change before they
are of use to the human system. This
is the great advantage of a diet of lean
meats and fruits.-North American

$100 Reward $100.
The readers of this paper will be pleased
to learn that there is at least one dreaded
disease that science has been able to cure
in all its stages, and that is Catarrh:
Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only positive
cure known to the medical fraternity.
Catarrh being a constitutional disease,
requires a constitutional treatment.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken interaliy,
acting directly upsn the blood and mu-
cus surfaces of the. system, thereby des-
troying the foundation of the disease,
and giving thepatient strength by build-
ing up the corstitution and assisting na-
ture in doing its work. The pro:prietors.
have so much faith in its ,urative Fponers
that they .flter One Hundred Dollars' for
any cas- that it fails to cure. Send for
list of te-simonials.
Address, F. J. CHENEY & C(O.
.' Toledo, 0.

gy o rugg ,

Nos. 518 and 520 Gravier St., New Orleans, I,La.
Importers and dealers in Flower, Field and
Garden Seeds. Grasses, clover, bulbs, seed po-
tatoes and fruit trees in their season, Conducted
by relatives ofthe late Richard Frotscher. Order
through Richard Frotscher's manual of x896 or
-send for one free. '

The trade'of the Royal Palm Nur-
series .extends over the entire globe,
especially in tropical plants. Jamaica
and the West Indies send for their
oranges and fruit plants. English, .
colonies in tropical climates call on
them yearly for millions of sisal hemp,
the great fibre -plant. New Guinea,
Australia and the Sandwich Islands
send in their orders, while New Zealand
comes in for cactus plants. The green
houses are enormous, one covering
nearly an acre of space; another has
3,ocC0 square feet of glass, while there'
are numerous houses of lath and cloth,;
containing young palms, ornamental.
and tropical fruit. plants. They ship
large quantities of pot-grown plants to
nurserymen who prefer them. The
firm will put in about ten acres of to-
bacco this year and some thirty acres
of oranges ol different varieties.-
Tampa. Tribune.



' s *



Florida'Farmer and Fruit grower.
A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main
Street, Tacksonvinle. Fla.

For One Year............................. 00.. oo
For Six Months............................ 1.00
In Foreign Countries .. ..................... 3.00

W' Subscriptions in all cases cash in
advance. No discount allowed on one's
own subscription (except in a club), but to
S"all agents a liberal cash commission will
be allowed on all subscriptions obtained
by them. Write for terms.
To every new subscriber we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden-
ing in Florida." For two new sub-
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange
culture "
Rates of advertising on application.
Remittances should be made by check,
postal note, money order or registered
letter to order of
Jacksonville, Fla.
Chas. W.'DaCosta, Business manager.

Will No thern-grown Nursery Trees
Thrive in the South ?..... ................. 82
Peach Orchard I Hlut rated'i-.Hardy Palms
mn Florida, No. ....................... 83
Work- of Bees in Citrus Culture-Mexican
Oranges in September ............... 84
Native Persimmon Orchard-The Prince
SPear-Young Trees are Best ...-...... 85
TOBAcco-A-Plorida Tobacco Grower-Inten-
sive Culture Profitable ................... 85
Propagating Tobacco'by Slips-Tobacco
; Seed.......................... .... ...... 86
FARMER AND TRuCKER-Agriculture Yet in -
I Its Infancy-Ramie Tests in Leon County 86
PouLTRY-The Hen and the Fox-Poultryland
Sunflowers--Glorifying the Hen ......... 87
State News.......................... .... 88
OUR RRA&L HOME-A Birthday PsarL-Dis-
tilled Water- Household Hint- ........ 88
To the Newly Married-The Discipline of
Children -Homes Wanted for Boys-
Bread and Longerity. ............ ..... 89
IDITORIAL-The Cold Snap-Protection for
Am erican Fruit ....... ...... ...... ...
A Valuable B,.,ok-Announcement-New
York Market-Market Notes-Our St
Lo uis Letter....... :.................... 91
Canning Factories- -lorda Sumatra To-
bacco-Irl R. Hick;s a Weather Prophet 92
The Experiment StatiouShould be Moved
rrom Lake Cit, .. ............ .
MUusions-What Will Happen in it,- ... .)6

Weather in Jacksonville.
Week Ending Feb i, 1-97


Jan .....
Dec. .
Dec. 28 ........
Jan 29 ........
Jan 31 ........
aneb. ......
Feb. I ...-




Mean .... ....



, 2

44. 34

4. 6
a5 i

4 3

*Total rainfall.
A. J. MTrCHELL. Observer.
The Cold Snap.
At the writer's country place, Law.
tey, Bradford county, which experi-
enced a temperature of 2 t1, he made
a careful examination of the trees
and plants and found the following
state. of 'facts: In some situations or-
'ainge sprouts were- slightly damaged,
the tender tips being frosted. In
other situations they were not injured
at all beyond the loss of a part of their
fdliage, some leaves remaining green
toi the extremities of. small twigs.

Cabbage and lettuce were generally
frozen stiff, and many plants, espe-
cially very young ones and those
about to head out, showed up whit-
ish and the leaves fallen to the ground,
but the cloudy weather succeeding
the- cold, and especially the rain, re-
vived these in a remarkable manner,
so that they soon stood up bright
and green as before the freeze. This
suggests the efficacy of spraying
frosted plants with water when the sun
comes out too bright and there is no
danger of a second frost.
Some plants showed frosted spots
which thawed out watery-looking and
soft. If these spots were cut out the
plants would recover and be all right
for home use, though too disfigured
for shipment. If not cut out, these
soft spots would rot right down
through the plant and perhaps de-
stroy it altogether.
To our great surprise, we found
cauliflowers in full bloom on which
the leaves had been drawn up and
tied together above the heads, or
"curds," which were absolutely un-
hurt. In others not thus protected
the heads were ruined.
Strawberry plants are actually bet-
ter for the freeze. Of course they
lost their bloom and fruit, but this
was not over five or ten per cent. of
the total fruiting capacity of the sea-
son. These early blooms are always
regarded by judicious growers as pre-
mature and precarious, liable to be
killed by frost at any time, and there-
fore the sooner the better, to husband
the, vitality of the plants. It has al-
ways been observed that an open win-
ter, with trifling shipments scattered
all along, does not turn out as well in
the outcome asia good stiff winter which
keeps the plants from fruiting until
March, and then .brings them along
fresh and strong, with a heavy crop in
their normal season. Nine-tenths of
the grower's money is made in April.
A dollar a quart for a few insignifi-
cant "shipments" in February is no
adequate compensation for the damage
which is almost sure to be inflicted
upon the main output in the regular
season by recurrent frosts whittling
away premature blooms.
Cabbage and cauliflower around
Jacksonville were not hurt. Where
the latter was in full bloom it was
covered with sacking, &c., and escap
ed unharmed.
From our correspondents and from
private advices received in this city,
we learn the following facts:
At \Vest Palm Beach the tempera-
ture reached 350 but a strong wind
prevented any Irost and no damage is
perceptible on the pineapples.
From Eden, a resident writes:
'While icicles formed under a leak in I
my water tank, tomato vines not ten t
feet away show no signs of frost or
freeze and a quarter acre of beans a s
hundred feet away are not hurt any; ,
and now, three days after, there is no I
apparent damage showing up on the t
pines except in low spots and there
but slightly. But without doubt it has
checked the crops a few weeks. W\e i
have had a continuous heavy rainfall t
since and if we have no more cold n
weather I think that .our pines will be i
betterthan ever." i

Another at Eden reports, no injury
to pine buds or plants at all, except in
a few cases in low grounds. The ends
of the leaves always turn brown in
winter from cold winds. -
Woodlawn (on the San Lucie river).
No harm to the pines.
Sutherland. In some places egg
plants and tomatoes killed to the
ground; in others only wilted, in oth-
ers not hurt at all. Lemon, guava and
avocado leaves (samples enclosed) un-
Haines City, Polk county. Think
the tomato crop is injured about fifty
per cent, though a warm rain has
helped the plants very much. Have
plenty of plants to reset.
Winter Haven. Colonel Briggs
thinks the damage will amount, in the
end, to fifty per cent, but Dr. Inman
does not place the figure above five
per cent. He thinks the cloudy, weath-
er which followed the cold will cause
the plants to sprout from the buds
along the stems (which tomato plants
sometimes 'do) as well as from the
roots. Colonel Briggs has plants to.
reset fifty or sixty acres if he finds it
will be necessary.
Aburndale. About fifty per cent
damage to tomato plants. Those
that were hurt a few weeks ago and
sprouted again were not damaged
this time.
As to orange trees the universal re-
port is-not damaged worth mention-
Ormond. Jan. .28th the thermom-
eter dropped to 280 at daylight, Fri-
day morning to 290. Ice formed, and
in eAposed places remained in, sight
all day through. West India guava
leaves scorched, and we think some
of the tender wood will have to be
cut back. Pinies not hurt. Not any'
of the citrus trees injured in the least,
even young nursery, buds as bright as
ever. Citrus trees were well prepared,
being in a dormant condition.
Protection for American Fruit.
Referring to a statement that the
Florida Congressmen belong to a par-
ty which is opposed to the policy ol
protection, the Philadelphia Grocery
WVorld says:
"If the Florida Congressional repre-
sentatives would interpose their partisan
political ideas in a way contrary to the
interests of their constituents, they outbt
to be drummed, not. only out of Congress,
but out of the state. This is not a mat-
ter of polities, that is to say, partisan pol- i
itics.. Politics should really mean that
which advances the interests of oue's
constituents-the greatest good to the
greatest number, in other words Uund-
niably Florida and Califoriia both need
higher duties on green fruits. They will
be greatly handicapped if they don't re-
ceive them, and if the Statei' C'onres-
ional representatives fail to6ee it in that
eight they are unfit to longer represent
he States."
It is magnanimous of the World to
say this, for it represents the dealer
nd consumer, who are supposed to c
avor lower prices for fruit instead of 1
he higher prices which higher tariffs e
vould bring about. ,, '
The fundamental object pf' all tar- s
ffs-and without accomplishing which t
to tariff has a right to exist-is reve a
tue. The government must live and c
t must, have money, and if a laiiff f
imposed for the purpose of raising s


money for the government incidental-
ly gives protection to some local in-
dustry and puts money into the pock.
ets of those engaged in it, it is folly
for anyone in the Nation to denounce
that protection as a robbery of the
whole people. The United States
warships and coast 'defenses cost vast
sums of money and they incidentally
protect our fishermen; but it would
be little less than treason for citizens
far inland to oppose this outlay as pro-
tection of a special class, simply be-
cause they never eat a sea fish.
The farmer in Iowa cares nothing
whether the orange grower in Florida
derives any profit from his business or
not, and why should he ? If a man
cannot make money growing oranges
let him try something else. But .he
does care whether the United States
Government has a good revenue, for
there is nothing more contemptible
than a nation without plenty of money,
which means power.
The only proper way for the gov-
ernment to regard the orange is as, to
how to get the most revenue out of it.
If too high a tariff is imposed it will
reduce importations and cut down the
customs receipts; if too low the same
ultimate effect will be produced. The
tariff should be placed at the very
highest figure which the citrus traffic
will bear, that is, at -the figure which
will so adjust the volume ot imports to
the purchasing capacity and tastes of
the people that the United States
treasury will be most benefitted.
The Italian importers in New York
send men to Washington to argue that,
because citrus fruits are good -for the-
health of the people,. the tariffon them
should be placed at the lowest possi.
ble figure. This isa-piece of intoler-
able impudence in foreigners, and the -
men who come with it before any com-
mittee of Congress should be proniptly ':
shown to the door.
Protection to life and property is
the sacred rigit of the American citi-
zen ; but government assistance in
making money is quite another thing.
The word "protection has been
made odious to millions because it was
forced out of its legitimate definition
and made to mean class favoritism.
The government must protect the
citizen's life and property. Thou-
sands of citizens in Florida have prop-
erty in groves to which the cheap Ital-
ian orange is a menace. It does not
threaten to tike away a single acre of
those groves at the point of the stiletto,
but it robs every acre of a part of its
value. These groves are often the
property of good American citizens
who are invalids, and cannot live any-
where else in the country. Therefore
would respectfully say to Congress:
Put on to the pauper-grown and sour
Italian orange and the. wormy Mexi-
:an all the tariff the citrus traffic will
bear; and then-if you want the Am-
;rican people to be able to enjoy the'
* fancy hammo'ck oranges of Florida, 'h
team-packed and tissue wrapped,. 1.76
o the box, with skins like velvet and
bouquet like 'old Amontillado-put
n a little bit more. Dakota will -vote '
or this on account of that blizzard she
ent us.

.., ,. . ,_. : -.V:

"4 .


A Valuable Book. *
The first edition of this old standard
publication was written more than thirty
years ago, by John-J, Thomas, who ranks
next after the Downings and Barry as
the foremost pomological authority of this
country. In its present form it com-
prises 758 pages, divided into three parts;
the first on the general principles of fruit
culture, the second on varieties of fruits,
the third on sub-tropical fruits. This
third and newly added part was specially
prepared for the work by E. H. Hart, of
: Federal Point, Fla., a name which, to
Floridians is a sufficient guarantee of its
accuracy and value. Mr. Hart's long ex-
perience, both as a fruit-grower and as a
horticultural writer has made this de-
partment a model of condensation and
clearness. The orange grower can well
afford to purchase the five hundred pages
on apples, etc., which he does not want
for the sake of the thirty odd pages which
he does want. It is a horticultural classic
and fitly rounds out a career that has
given Florida citriculture so much of en-
during value, in instruction, in example
and in developed species to which his
name has become attached.
The chapter on the kaki occupies a
greater space than the importance of
the fruit warrants, in our opinion; we
begrudge at least half the pages taken
from the citrus and given to this over-
praised and waning fruit. We note two
errors, one on page 607 stating that all
varieties will endure any temperature
,down to 100 Fahrenheit, and another on
page 610 stating that the demand for the
kaki is yearly increasing, from both of
which propositions we are forced to dis-
- The book as a whole, while lacking the
encyclopedic compreh nsiveness of
Downing's work, is complete enough for'
the practical fruit-grower and will scarcely
need revision for the next twenty years
probably. It covers all the United States
except on the Pacific slope, which has a
fruit-world and a manual of its own.:

* The American Fruit Culturist. Twentieth
edition, revised and enlarged; by William H S.
Wood. New York, William Wood and Com-
pany 1897.

Strawberries-There have been mod-
erate arrivals from Florida, mostly be-
low choice quality. Cold wintry weather
has' interferred with demand and the
qualities generally offering have been
hard to sell even at lower prices. To-
ward the close a few fancy Lady Thomp-
son sold at 65c. and Charleston Seedling
at 50c, but most of the week's sales have
been at 20 to 35c. Florida advices report
serious set back and damage to berries by
cold weather.
VEGETABLES.-Beets, Florida,per bush,
40 to 50c! 100 bchs, 3.00 to 3.50; cauli-
flowers, Florida, half-bbl bsk, 3.00 to 4.00;
inferior, per bbl., 75c to 1.00 ;c abbage, per
barrel crate, 1.25 to 1.50; egg plants, Fla..
choice per half-barrel bask., 1.50 to 2.00;
per barrel, 2.50 to 5.00; lettuce, Fla., choice
per half barrel bask., 1.50 to 2.00; inferi-
or, 75c to 1.00; onions, Havana, per box,
2.50 to 3.00; peppers, Fla.. per crate or
carrier, 1 00 to 2.00; peas, Fla-, per crate,
1.50 to 3.50; string beans, Fla., express,
bask. or crate, 2.00 to 3.00; green freight,
2.00 to 3.00; tomatoes, Florida, fancy,
per carrier, 1.50 to 1.75; fair to prime,
1.00 to 1 25. FRENCH & Co.

Philadelphia Marliet.
Strawberries, 25 to 60c per quart; Cau-
liflower, per box, 2.00 to 3.00; per bbl,
5.00 to 10.00; green peas, per crate
or bas, 2.00 to 3.00; string beans, green,
pet crate or bas 2.50 to 3.50; cucumbers,
per crate, 4.00 to 5.00; tomatoes, per car-
rier, 2.00 to 3.00; green, 1.00 to 2.00; beets
(new, per bunch) 4 to 7 cenis; squash,
per orange box, 1.00 to 2.00; egg plants,
per bbl., 4.00 to 6.00; cabbage, per bbl or
b. c., 2.00 to 2.25; peppers, carrier or box,
1.25 to 2.00; lettuce, per has., 75c to 1.25;
celery, per bunch, 25 to 50c; new pota-
toes, per bbl., 4.00 to 5.00; oranges, Flor-
ida, 3.50 to 4.50; grapefruit, 4.00 to 8.00;
tangerines, 6.00 to 8.00.
Buffalo Market.
Buffalo, N. Y., Jan. 30.-Increased re-
ceipts tomatoes. Strictly fancy ripened
6 basket carriers, 2.50 to 3.00; green, etc.
1.50 to 2.00. Strawberries, well ripened
fnnv 65 to 75 ct rooreen t 40 o 55

Announcement. _J. a 1 ..
Announcement ots. Cucumbers, fancy, 75 to 1.00 per
The firm of Wilson & Toomer has been doz; common, 30 to 65 cts per doz.; fair
succeeded by Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer demand for fancy. Peas, fancy, 2.50 to
Co. There is no change in the policy or 3.00 per bu.; poor frosted, etc., 1.00 to
management, Mr. Wiley G. Toomer will 2.00. Fancy round string Beans, green,
be president, and Mr. Lorenzo A. Wilson 200 to 2.50 per bu.; ditto flat, 1.25 to 1.75
secretary and general manager. per bu. Lettuce, fancy, half-barrel bas-
We shall continue the manufacture of kets,'1.50 to 2.00; poor, 1.00 to 1.25. Fair
the well-known and popular Ideal brands amounts of Florida stuff can be sold as
of fertilizer, and the high standard of the well here as anywhere, but it is not pol-
past will be fully maintained. In these icy to ship anything else. Ship steamer
goods we give the best value of any fer- to New York. thence fast freight.
tilizers offered in the State; we call them BATTERSON & CO.
the Ideal Fertilizer, because in buying
them it is just the same as buying. the Market Notes.
pure materials with but $1.00 per ton ad- ati c
ded for mixing and re-sacking. There is Of the present maturing crop of or-
not a pound of waste matter, coloring or anges in Southern California, which is
cheap filler used in making these goods, estimated at 6,000 cars, the southern Cal-
every ounce being soluble plant food. ifornia Fruit Exchange will control ac-
We shall continue to carry the largest cording to the figures of those competent
and most complete stock of fertilizer ma- to judge, not more than 1350 cars.-An-
terials and agricultural chemicals of any aheim Gazette.
house in the State, also a full supply of Ruhlman & Co. say:-We sold sold
H. J. Baker & Bros. celebrated Complete several cars of California Navels this
Manures. week at 2.15 to 4.05, as to size and qual-
Quality will remain our first aim and ity. From Florida we received 704 bxs
we trust that by the merit of our goods oranges and 5 boxes grape fruit. Oranges
and honorable dealing we may continue are selling at 3.50 to 4.75, as to size and
worthy of the favors which have won quality, except 80 and 96. Grape fruit
prosperity and prestige for Wilson & is in good demand.-Fruit Trade Journal.
Toomer. The Mexican orange crop this year will
-: The new firm asks a continuance of aggregate 1,400 carloads, but the aquiva-
your patronage, and awaiting your favors lent of fully 300 carloads will never be
and orders, we beg to remain, shipped, having rotted, owing to lack of
Yours, very respectfully, packing and railroad facilities. The
WILSON & TOOMER home consumption was 60,000 boxes.
FERTILIZER CO. The average cost of the oranges f. o. b.
a has been about 1.25 per box (gold), the
New York 'Market. freight 874 cents to Eastern and Western
Orangeis-Receipts from Florida have points, the duty is about 16 cents, or a
been light and thedemand fair for choice total of 2.291 sold. A great increase in
qualities, with prices firm. Mandarins cultivation is going on. 200,000 trees har-
are mostly below prime and very dull ing been set ,out during the past year.
sale. Tangarines scarce and fancy would I The principal orange districts are La
sell at full prices. Very little grapefruit' Barca, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Guaya-
. offering and fancy-stock wanted. mas, Gantepec,Cordova, Jalapa, Linares,


and Pa(zcuaro. The importance of each
is in the order named. Irrigation is used'
in only four of the districts. The price
of oranges on the trees varies from e5 to
$12 in Mexican money.-The Fruitman's
About 100 bundles of Spanish manda-
rins were .disposed of at auction this
week, and prices realized from 37J cents
to 42j cents per small box; while a quan-
tity of Florida mandarins realized 75c to
1.15 per half box.
New York auction prices, pineapples-
per crate, good Floridas in crates 24 ea
1.00 to 3.25, 30 ea 2.50 to 2.75; Havana,
large 15c to 18c each, medium, 8o to 10l
each; Large Cayenne 20c to 50c ea. as
per size.
A large pineapple importer, referring
to the coming season, said: "Havana
shipments will be less than has been the
case in a number of years. Nassau has a
good crop, but the pine is undesirable,
because it is small and does. not keep
well." For these reasons Floridians can
expect to get very good prices for the
prospective large crop, which is expec-
ted to be of fine quality.

Our St. Louis Letter.
The past week sent such-a chill through
the whole country that the outlook for
early fruits and vegetables from the South
is wholly changed. At this writing it can
be safely said that the injury inflicted on
these early crops is quite serious through-
out the entire South. Advices indicate
that a freezing temperature visited as far
south as Central Florida, or 200 miles
south of Jacksonville. This is a most
discouraging, blow to the truck farmers
and fruit growers of Florida. Later ad-
vices may favorably alter the situation.
First reports are too often exaggerated.
Gulf Coast points in Texas, the same
latitude as Central Florida, embracing
Rockport, Corpus Christi and intervening
points, where truck farming is now con-
ducted quite extensively, was visited by
a severe freeze and 700 cars of early cab-
.bagd are enumerated as the losses result-
ing. Around Galveston. and along the
coast further south- the freeze was still
more disastrous.
Strangely enough, some points further
north did not fare so badly. A letter;
dated New Orleans, January 28, received

Bradley Redleld. Eugene B. Bedield.

Commission Merchants

Fruit Auctioneers
141 Dock Street, PhMiadelphia Pa.
We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
either at private sale (which has heretofore been
our custom) or by the auction system (recently
added to our business) as you may desire.

In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
etables shipped to us is our motto.' WE
BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
by our 40 years experience without diefault-`
ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing
and nancial stability which any bank bir
merchants having mercantile reports can
verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
your name for our quotations. Stencil and
cards free. Letters piomnptly answered.

FRENCH & CO.,; +
116 Warren St., New York.

The Rawls-Williams Company,
W fCOLESALE '* '';f': .

Produce ad Coin iissi On.

C a Specially.
- Domestic and Foreign Fruits in seasorr. -
Hay. Grain, Flourand Canned Goods.
Honest Returns Guaranteed same day of sale.
Consignments solicited. Give us a trial
We will be pleased to send you our Quotaiitions
on application.
'Offices and Salesroom, 5oo and 5or'West pay St.
Warehouses, F.C. & P. Yards, Jacksonville. Fla.




The Oldest National Bank in the State.
stry conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.
We buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
drafts on all parts of the world.
We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that youth
favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention
President. :Cashier.
Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.


At Prices to Suit the Times.

Tomato, all varieties. per lb. $1.50 Peas, early varieties per bu. $3.00
Dwarf Champion per lb. 1.75' American Wonder. per bu. 4,00
Squash.. ........ per lb. 40 Turnip Seed ......... per lb. 30
Cucumber .... .. per lb. 40 Corn, field varieties per bu. 1.60
Beans, Valentine & Refugee per bu. 2.90 Sugar, varieties. per bu. 2.25
Wax .. ...... per bu. 3.25 M- Send for price-list.
All Seeds from best growers in United States and Europe.
L. CAMERON, SEEDSMAN, Jacksonville,'Fla.

SAcknowledged superior to all other materials used
I%. S^ i A for similar purposes. Sold by the pound. If yoa
R A n nAA never saw it, get a sample and quotations. ,



yesterday from a big truck grower, de-
clarel the cold wave did not hurt them
as far as his observations extended. i -
] tIt le complaint has been heard from
Among the novelties which suffered
badly for lack of patronage last week
were strawberries. Zero weather spoils
the apgetite for the luscious berry. Sev-
erpl lots of 'nice fruit came from Florida.
Snme Texas shipments came in also, but T
they-were not so desirable in quality or IE
*'0Coltetions, credit, etc., were discussed The Standard of Excellence.
by the late convention of commission The Standard of Excellence.
merchants at Boston, and the disclosures Send for Catalogue and Prices From First +lands.
made show that needed reforms in this Ca fronF a
direcOiqn have been brought about, and 59/J/ S/pMFf T. PDR n!D /A
the principal cities, with few exceptions, C '
liave- now ironclad rules that save thou-
sands of dollars annually to the various
members of the association. All bills are
piable on Monday. A few days' grace Canning Factories, well afford, if necessary, to wait until
are added, and failure to settle within Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: spring to dispose of it. The demand
time places the name of the party on the The South's great benefit is to be for consumption increases dispropor-
flelinquent list, from which it cannot be derived from manufacturing. Your tionatly to the supply, and if canners
removed until he has settled. A merm supremacy as an agricultural region is would reflect there is rarely any real
Association of Baltimore declared he recognized, but the line of the greatest cause for anxiety. This country is
would not surrender his membership for operations will be in the establish- large, facilities for distribution are in-
$1,000, and added that the bad debts in ment of factories and mills to convert creasing and the trade for canned
the trade had been reduced through this your produce into finished articles for goods is growing. In every house-
agency rom three per cent toha the market. I know nothing that hold they are a part of the daily
pr cei. wo. wuld pay more than canning facto.. rations. They are cheap, ready for

"BRowN's BRONCHIAL TROCHES" are a ries. It requires comparatively small use, and in all respects desirable;
-sim ',yet most effectual remedy for capital, stimulates the farming class to without them there are parts of our
Co 1,1 oarseness and Bronchial Trou- grow a greater variety of products by country that would be forced to sub-
blei. Avoid imitations. affording them a cash market at their sist on salt meat and bread. To the
S" own doors, gives employment to num- camp, the mine and the mariner they
The value of Irl Hicks' weather predic- bers of persons, male and female, who are now indispensable.
member. He prophesied extraordinary would otherwise have none, and sends The worst feature of the business
disturbances, extreme cold extending in- out a valuable food product, which is the ignorance of the buyers as to
to the far South, and advised the protec- will return money to circulate in do- the amount of output. They swallow
tion of oranges early in the month. mestic channels, any and all reports, and few are gov-
In the northern belt of the orange Another advantage is that the in- erned by sound judgment. Take the
growing portion of the State there was
no cold to affect the most tender vegeta- dustry can be built by home capital; country at large, this year, and we
bles, and, on the whole, it was one of the a canning factory is in every respect a venture to assert that the pack does
most pleasant Decembers in the last home industry. The South raises not exceed three fifths of an average
dozen ears. nearly every variety of fruits and veg- one, and that too in the face of little
hItis safe forMr. Hick not to loalize tables and the industry would thrive or nothing being carried over from
"about" or"if',which ishis usual custom there. Especially would it be of ad- last season. Most of our own pro-
vantage to small towns. ducts were sold before they were
Wm. L. Lowry, of Morgan Hill P. 0., The best paying canned goods are canned, or whilst being canned; and
Bunconibe Co. N. C., claims he has a pro- peaches, tomatoes, peas, beans, corn, the supply left is .a mere bagatelle.
cess-of-reducing "floats" to an available sweet potatoes, berries, oysters, fish You can furnish oysters, fish, fruits,
odft ,fidwith no cost except for labor and shrimp. The market demand and vegetables of finer flavor than the
-the is not mistaken, he is a benefactor for these, as well as all canned goods East or North; undoubtedly you can
to theiaghicultural world. If his claims increases each year, as the people furnish these goods, whose superiors
are demonstrable, commercial fertilizers learn the value of this food product, do not grow anywhere in Uncle Sam's
should be furnished at a great reduction. The Southern States should not be dominions.
'Eloel o* forced to buy canned goods from the There have been failures in the
F on F. B.Sumatratobao plant is thasuperi- North arid West, when the natural re- South. It has not been brought
or inequality to the Sumatra grown arti- sources of your own country offer such about by natural circumstances, it
cle and that unlike the leaf.direct from inducements to the establishment of was caused by a lack of economy and
Eumatra, which is so poor in quality as the industry. painstaking care and cooperation.
to-be.unfit for the bulk of the cigar (fill- About two years ago I had occas- These-are indispensable elements of
er, and binders), this Sumatran seed
leaf, when allowed to fully ripen, pos- ion to sample a can of very fine Maine success in any business. The farmer
messess qualityy and aroma that make it corn, in one of the leading cities of is slow to plant for these canning fac-
jesirab 'for fillers. In this respect, it the South. I remarked to the dealer tries, even when the canner tells
seemtstdf improve after one or two years that I could duplicate it in the South. him he can realize more for the pro-
,domestication. In Florida it does well He ridiculed the idea, and said that duct in one season than the land it is

-:o_* tobaoet o is grown largely on new "it could not be done outside of the grown on would sell for. Let the
iand. Aside from its hardiness, thrift New England States." I told him canner demonstrate to the farmers by
and quic-growing qualities, and the all right, I would prove my assertion actual tests that these products are
h hre., the best leaf commands, this later on. Three or four months after- not any harder to cultivate than an
trti to t e planter because under t wards, I presented the gentleman with acre of six cent cotton; and that the
same conditions it averages twice as a can of corn packed in the South, by same land that makes him in good
,rny pounds of cured leaf per acre as myself. I asked him to sample and seasons one-half bale of cotton to the
9th thefr varieties heretofore grown in express his opinion of the same. He acre, will grow him on an average,
F6i. did so, and at once said, "take that 200 bushels of tomatoes at 25c per
o *conventions are being held corn, go into the market and tell bushel, 75 bushels of peas at 6oc. per
thr bout t conventon ary. With good dealers to get down their best brands bushel, or ioo bushels of beans at 50oc
roadtsL.heavy tax upon the farmer would and you will cut out with them; you per bushel, and so on, and not im-
be .lied and the bicycle rider could have have got the corn to do it with. -If poverish his land to the extent that
i^epcositse. that is the kind of corn you are pack- cotton does. One farmer related to
ing in the South, you wont have to me in Indiana some years ago when
,Thetourist season has fairly begun but hunt for buyers long, they will be he received a check lor eighty odd
at a somewhat later date than usual. The hunting for you." dollars for tomatoes grown on less
i hbthly eeursions at half fare hunting for you. dollars for tomatoes grown on less
Wiliinfitloubtedly augment the travel to So small is the stock of canned than an acre of land, that "it.was so
Florida the present season. goods on hand, that the holders can easy, that it was just like picking it

Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive
Florida Central and Peninsular
I New York to Jacksonville by
New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash-
and ington, Southern Railway to
Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
Points in Florida.
Cincinnati to Harriman Juno-
Cincinnati tion by Queen & Crescent,
Harriman Junction to Ashe-
Asheville ville and Columbia by South-
ern Railway, and Florida
Jacksonville Central & Pensnsular-Colum-
J bia to Jacksonville.
Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chatta-
and nooga, Southern R'y to Ever-
Florida ette, Florida Central & Penin-
Limited. sular to all important Florida
ana it Kansas City Fort Scott &
ansasd City Memphis R. A. to Kansas City,
andac 'irl to Birmingham, Southern By
Jaco' ne to Everette, Fla. Central &
Thro ine Peninsular to all Fla. points.
St. Louis to Jacksonville by
Cairo Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gs Illinois Central to Holly Sp'gs,
Route. Kansas City, Memphis & Bir-
| mingham to Birmingham, Sou.
R'y to Everette and F. C. & P.
Sioux City & Chicago to Jack-
Holly Sp gs sonville Ill. Cent. to Holly
outey bp SSp'gs, K., C. M. & B. to Bir-
R.oute. mingham, Sou. R'y to Ever-
Jette and the F. C. & P.
Louis'ille & Nash'ille to Rive
New Orleans i Junction. F. C. & P. only
To route with through sleepers
Jackso'ville between New Orleans and
The F. 0. & P. has 700 miles of track in
Florida running through the
Tobacco Regyons,
Stock farnming and Dairy Section,
PeactL and Stratvberry Lands,
Orange, Banana and Pineapple C(ontry,
Phosphate Belt.
Has the Silver Spring and
Other Fine Scenery.
The -Great hunting CJountry.
Reaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.
Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
ety of soils in the State. and above all
Runs over the Central Ridgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy.
Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
the best freight facilities for any produce to
the Northern markets.
Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
free) and note the towns on its route.
Jacksonville, Fla.

The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
Offers to Shippers
The Shortest and Quickest Route
With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-
pany is better equipped than ever ever to
handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
insure close connections and prompt despatch
to all Eastern and Western Markets.
Through cars to destination with-
out change or delay.
Perishable freight followed by wire and
shippers advised time passing various junc-
tion points and arrival at destination.
All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
ly adjusted.
See that your goods are marked
via F. C. & P. R. R.
For information call on or address the un-
dersigned .
0. E. TAYLOR Tray. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
W. B. TUCKEA, Gen. A'g't, Orlando, Fla.
G. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A gt, Leesburg, Fla
W. F. FULLER, Trav. A'g't, Tampa. Fla.
Or N. S. PENNINGTON, Traffic Manager,
Jacksonville, Fla. "
W ,H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt




1897. Th~ FtoflThA 1~A1~MI~k A~ FkUtT-GkOW~k.






16 Main

Would Announce
That They Haye. Made
Special Preparations

For ... .







0@@* TJ3~1~

.* LO1VW





THEY are SOLE Agents for J

ohnstone, of Washington, the

Finest Engraver .i

the Country.

If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce;.

ments, write to us for samples and prices.

Printing and Book Binding



a Specialty.

C. W. DaCOSTA, Manager.

tC '

'* *' .. :; '** '
.''**;,-**- ..^ h









Offer their Fine Stock of CITRUS TREES at Reduced Prices.

Parson Brown, Ruby, Amory, Jaffa Bloods, St. Michael, Jaffa, Wash. Navels,
Tardiff, Dancy, King Tangerines, Villa Franca Lemons.
Triumph, Marsh Seedless, Thornless Silver Cluster Pomelos.
At $25 per 100, f. o. b.; 10 per cent. off on 500 lots.
All trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1J inch diameter. Buds
4J to 6 feet high, first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name.
Address, RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, Fla.

up in the road." Once get the farm-
ers to know the good of it and the
balance of it is easy.
There is another feature of the can-
ning- business that deserves special
mention and that is the employment it
furnishes at good wages to every class
of people; male and female find it
pleasant and profitable work. An
outfit costing $200.00 for machinery,
would give employment to at least
forty people directly and as many
more indirectly. It is peculiarly
adapted to the smaller towns and
Yes, canning will pay in the South;
you have these things,which with good
management and perseverance will
make canning factories pay in the
South as they are paying in so many
other States. I will be glad to give
people any further information in ref-
erence to this industry that I can.
Baltimore, Jan. 26, 1897.

The Experiment Station Should be
Now that the residence of the Di-
rector of the Experiment Station at
Lake City lies in ashes, together with
several of the out-buildings, the Legis-
lature at i's approaching session should
seriously consider the propriety of re-
moving the station. Most of the
ground now belonging to it is a steep
hillside sloping down to the lake, part-
ly to the ,east, partly to the south;
sandy, sterile, burned by the sun in
summer, and gullied or washed away
by every rain. Very little of it is fit
- for any field crops at all without ex-
tensive terracing and fertilizing. The
wonder is that such a spot was ever
selected for the purpose.
Florida's diversity of soil and cli-
mate requires, as in the case of Louisi-
ana, more than one experiment sta-
tion. One should be situated in Mid-
dle or West Florida-the farming belt
-and the other in Central or South-
ern Florida-the orange or fruit-grow-
ing belt. Now that these buildings
are in ashes the expense of removal
would be greatly lessened.
But if considerations of management
require that the Experiment Station
must be kept in the near vicinity of
the State Agricultural College, then
at least let us hope that the Legisla-
ture will. seize this opportunity to re-
,move it from the miserable sand hill
where it is now.

The Central and Union Pacific railroads
owe the government over one hundred
and thirteen million dollars. Here would
be a good opportunity to test the practi-
cability of "government ownership of
railroads." The government, like any
other mortgage holder should say, give
up or pay up.


RATES.-Twenty words, name and address,
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 5o cents Noth-
ing taken for less than 25 cents.
Advertisements for this column MUST be pre-
Send no stamps larger than two cents.
Initials and figures count as one word.

ing. Setting of 13 for $2.oo; three settings for
$5.00. Address MRS. MARY KLEMM,
2-6-6 Winter Haven, Fla.

EGGS FOR HATCHING.-15 Eggs, $r.oo, or
25 for $1.50. From choice pure-bred S. C.
Brown Leghorn 'and Barred Plymouth Rocks.
Also a few fine breeding Cockerels at low prices.
I 3 3 Fernandina, Fla.

Trees and Buds. Write for prices, eto.
I 23 if W. H. MANN, Mannville, Fla.,

including Seedling Grape Fruit four and
one-half years old. Also Hart's and Valencia
Late, Dancy Tangerines, Budded Grape Fruit,
Pineapple, .and Eureka Lemon. All buds on
grape fruit stock four and one-half years old.
Buds grown to stakes. Trees very fine and sure
to please, both as to quality and price. Write us.
1 23 3 Lakeland, Fla.

Indian Games, Black Langshans. Hen
Eggs $1.oo per dozen; Turkey $2.co.
I 23 5 MRS. W. H. M 4NN, Mannville, Fla.

CALLA LILY BULBS-California grown,
extra large, 20 cents, free by mail. Plants
in 8-inch pots, for Easter blooming, 50 cents.

Planting Melons, either for market or home
use, should buy their seed of me. I have all va-
rieties, and to those purchasing of me I furnish
full directions for growing, giving each purchaser
the benefit of my fifteen years in Melon Growing.
Monticello, Fla. W. M. GIRARDEAU.

All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Car-
ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet, Paper
Rind St. Michael, Pierces' Ruby, Jaffa, Pineap-
ple Majorca, Cunningham, Homosassa and
Hart's Late Pernambuco, Improved, Triumph,
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless Grape
Fruit, Satsuma, Tangerine and King All fine
one year old buds, on four and five year old
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock, Will
bud dormant on contract to any varieties parties
may desire. Fine Kumquat Budwood for sale.
Correspondence solicited.' Address C. W. Fox,
Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park, Lake
Co., Fla.

For Southern Orchards, Gar-
dens and Groves. No agents.
,Write for price list.
9-26-25 Thomasville. Ga.

The late appearance of the January
Ruralist was owing to the slowness of the
transportation companies. The usual
time of the shipment of paper from the
mill is seven to ten days but this time
was extended to three weeks.
Rev. Iri Hicks had better quit. His
arctic weather for December in the
South, which was to be the most severe
ever known, was of the character of May.
He explains his bad shot by intimating
that the forces that he relied upon to
produce a good old-style Christmas got
waylaid. When they ran across Mars
they not only failed to materialize into
the blizzards on the programme, but
went off celebrating on an entirely differ-
enht plan, actually resolving themselves
into earthquakes. Hicks is not only a
humbug but what Barnum styles a
"hum-bug-iest humbug."

POR SALE Two Leon county farms, 480 acres
and 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson, Jacksonville,
Fla. 8-24-tf
budded trees of the most popular varieties
for delivery this fall and winter. Send in your
orders now, and be sure to get what you want.
Pric s and particulars on application. W. K.
Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla.

trees on sweet stock, Hart's Late. Dancy
Tangerines and Parson Brown, budded low,
trained to sticks. Buds 4 to 7 feet high. Limited
stock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, In-
terlachen, Fla. ro0-0-15

Brown, Tardiff, Grape Fruit budded low on
sour stock, at very reasonable prices.
6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake, Ela.

ing Orange Grove-a south side lake front-
a railroad front, and one mile from town. Also
fine vegetable and strawberry land. Send for
circulars. Address Postoffice Box No. T3,
I 16 12 Lakeland, Polk C9., Fla.
F IGS ? I HAVE THEM All the best kinds.
Also Cassava Write for prices.
M. CHESEBRO, Plnmmers, Fla.

Eggs. Fine Stock. One dollar for thirteen.
Feb. 15, will have limited number choice Gerani-
ums in flower, four and five-inch 'ots Strong
plants Write for prices to J. A. ICENHOUR,
I 23 3 Upsala, Fla.

E GGS TO HATCH.-First-class S. C. B. Leg-
horn Egrs, (Forsyth and Amsden strain)
delivered f. o. b. Jacksonville, at $1.oo per 13; $2
per 50o. M. CHESEBRO.
Plummers, Duval Co., Fla.

The thousands who during the last twenty
years have used THE PAIYE FERTILIZER
COMPANY'S Celebrated High-Grade Special Mix-
tures have proven their value. Prepared espe-
cially for Vegetables, Trees and Vines Florida
soils. Write them at Jacksonvile Fla. I 23 6
R R T O EXCHANGE.-A new 200-Egg
J Incubator and Brooder. Address 'D,"
tf Care of Farmer and Fruit Grower.

lay and chicks grow. Our little book the
Egg tells all about 11. E. W. AMSDEN,
9-19-tf Ormond, Fla.

WIRE NETTING, best goods for the least
money. Write for latest price list. E. W.
AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. 19i9-tf

U tycaule), best grass for lawns and permanent
pastures. Sets, $1.5o per x,ooo, by express; 35
cents per hundred, postage paid. W.H. POWERS,
Lawtey, Fla.
nese Mandarin trees on sour stock, 3 or 4
years old. Also, some Lemon trees on trifoliata
stock. State price and particulars.
12-5-8 Box 1294, New Orleans, La.
lection of Citrus Trees at bottom prices, No
back numbers. Fourteen years in the business.
Send for price list before buying.
12-26-12 Braidentown, Vla.

Pomelo Seedlings. One hundred Cherry
Laurel-a fine evergreen. A nearly new loo-egg
Incubator. A. J. ALDRICH,
12-25-8 Orlando, Fla.
Grape FruitSeedlings, also Seedbed Seed-
lings that will increase ten-fold in two years with
proper care.-Seminole Nursery,
Fort Meade, Fla. 1-2-5 V. B. WEBSTER.

PLENDID BU DS on Rough Lemon Stocks.
Budded low. Don't Have to wait a lifetime
to get an income. J. P. DONNELLY.
1-2-6 Mt. Dora, Florida.

Brahma Cockerels and Pullets, $t.oo to 2 oo.
Plymouth Rock Pullets, $i.oo each. From prize
winners. MRS. GOMPERTS
6 mos Lady Lake, Fla.
B EAUTIFUL PLANTS.-Nightblooming Queen
Cereus, 25c; California grown Calla Lily
Bu'bs warranted to bloom this season, 2oc, plants
3oc; Zanzavarina, 15c; Strobilanthus, I50; Ota-
heite Orange. 20C; California Violets, IcC,-2-year
olds, 25c; Lady Campbell same price; Lantana,
"Sunrise," 15c; Pink Oleander, x5c; Carnations,
loc; Spotted-leaf Begonia. 15c. Hundreds of oth-
Keuka Lake, Fla



Wholesale and Retail Dealer in

General Nursery Stock.


Orange, Lhemon, Lime and Brapfrhit Tree,

We Make a Specialty of


Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees,- if fine trees and bed-
rock prices will do it. We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour,
Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots, as follows:

Dancy Tangerine, Eureka (si
Satsuma (seedless) Belair Pre
Mandarin. POM]
King Tangerine.
Kumquats (oblong and round). Marsh See
Ruby Blood. Excelsior.
Joppa Late, (Seedless) Aurantiun
Pineapple. Halls.
Valencia Late.
Parson Brown, .
St. Michael Blood, (paper kind) Tahiti (seE
Jaffa, (Sanford's).
Hart's Tardiff, (Sanford's). M
Centennial. Japanese
Boone's Early. Persnim
Mediterranean Sweets, (Sanford's.) Strawberr
For descriptive catalogue and price-list, apply to

mium and Genoa.
a (sweet rind)

Peaches, Plums, Chestnuts and
yon Trees.
y and Pineapple Plants, etc.






G.. M. SORREL, Manager.
A"& The magnificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail a:
follows :
Pier 34, North River--3 P. MA
City of Birm ingham ............ ... .... ... ........... .................. ..Saturday, Jan.
La Grande Duchesse ................................................... uesday, Jan.
City of A ugusta ........................... ... ... ... .. ...................... Thursday, Jan.
K ansas City.................... ............................ ....................Saturday, Jan.
City of Birmingham................................. ........................ Tuesday, Jan. i
La Grande Duchesse .......................... ...............................Thutsday, Jan. I.
City of Augusta............. .......................... ......................Saturday, Jan. ii
Kansas City ....... ........ ............... Tuesday, Jan. i.
City of Birmingham.... .............................................Thursday, Tan. 2
La Grande Duchesse............ ....................... ................. Saturday, Jan. 2.
City of Augusta........ ......................... ...................... Tuesday, Jan. 21
K ansas City................................................ ... ......... ......Thursday, Jan. 21
City of Birmingham..... ............. ..................................Saturday, Jan. 3(
G. M. SORRELL, Manager, New Pier No. 35, North River.
Lewis's Wharf--3 P. :M.
Nacoochee ...........................................................................Friday, Jan.
Chattahoochee........................ ..........................................Monday, Jan.
Tallahassee ...................... .................. ... ........... ......... Thursday, Jan.
Nacoochee ............. ........................................................W wednesday, Jan. I;
Chattahoochee.................. ........... ........... ............. .......... .... ..Saturday Jan.
Tallahassee .......................................................... Tuesday, Jan. I
Nacoochee..........................................................................M onday, Jan. 2;
Chattahoochee....................... ............................... .......Thursday, Jan. 21
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis's Wharf.
Pier 39, Delaware Avenue.-3 P. M.
Gate City ..................... ............... .. ...... ................................. Tuesday, Jan.
City of M acon .. ..................... .............................................Sunday, Jan. I(
G ate ity........ ........................... .......... ..................... ....Friday, Jan. I
City of Macon ........ ....................... ...... .............Wednesday, Jan. 2
Gate City...................................... .I...... ...... ... ..... Monday, Jan. 2;
City of Macon.................... ................... .... ......Saturday, Jan. 3i
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13 South Third Street.
Central (900 Meridian) Time-as below.
City of Augusta....... Saturday, Jan. 2, 530 p. m. La Gr'de Duchesse..Tuesday, Jan. 19, 5 3 p m.
Kansas.City......... Tuesday, Jan. 5, 7.00 p. m. City of Augusta.....Thursday, Jan. 2r, oo p. in
City ofBirm'gh'm... Ths'day, Jan. 7, 9 30 a. Kansas City ........ Saturday Jan 23,7 p.
La Gr'de Duchesse...Saturday, Jan. 9, II.oo a. City of Birm'gh'm...Tuesday, Jan. 26, 12 oo noon
City ofAugusta ......Tuesday, Jan. 12, I.00 p. I a Gr'de Duchesse Thursday Jan.28, 230 p. '
Kansas City........ Thursday, Jan. 14 3 o p. m ursay, Jan. 28, 2 30 p. m,
City of Birn'h'm... Saturday, Jan. 16, 4.30 p. m. I Ctty of Augusta ..... Saturday, Jan. 30, 4 30 p. m,
Central (900 Meridian) Time-as below.
Tallahassee.............Friday, Jan. I, 4 30 p. m. Nacoochee ............Tuesday, Jan. xI, 6 30 p. mn
Nacoochee...... .... Thursday, Jan. 7, 7.00 p. m. Chattaho6chee.........Friday, Jan. 22, 7 oo p. m.
Chattahoochee .........Sunday, Jan. 10, 9 00o a. m. Tallahassee..........Monday, Jan. 25, 10 oo00 p. m.
Tallahassee.......Wednesday, Jan. 13, 2 oo p. m. Nacoochee .. .... Sunday, Jan. 31, 5 oo a. m,
Central (900 Meridian) Time-as below.
City of Macon.........Tuesday, Jan. 5, 7.00 p. Imt Gate City.......... Wednesday, Jan. 20, 7.00 p. m,
Gate City...........Sunday, Jan. o10, 9 co a. m. City of Macon.......Monday, Jan. 25, i.oo a. m.
City of Macon ....Friday, Jan. 15, 4.oo p. m. Gate City...... ...Saturday, Jan. 30, 4.30 p. m.
Jacksonville, Florida.

W. E. ARNOLD, G. T. P. A.,


Savannah, Ga





Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizerrs,

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.


Tggeri-Allen Fertilizer Co.

Star Brand Fertilizers,



Orange Tree aand Veelaile 7 T KAINI
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and A trial will convince.
0end for Catalogue 'free.

T, Etc,

Finest Cuisine and Service. NVo Transfers Between JTacksonville and New York.
The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:

" Comanche" (new),

"Algonquin," Iroquois," "Cherokee," "Seminole'

Steamers are appointed to sail according torthe tide.
From JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston),......... ........ Sunday, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
Erom CHARLESTON, S. .,....................... ...... ......... Monday, Wednesdays and Fridays.
For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p. m., as follows:
For CHARLESTON, S. C., ...........................................Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays
For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) ..................Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays

BOSTON AND JACKSONVILLE-Direct Line, [Freight Only.]
Calling at Charleston, S. C., both ways.
rAr appointed to sail as follows:
rom foot of Hogan Street, Jacksonville, From Lewis' Wharf, Boston,


Jacksonville, Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
Landings on the St. Johns Siver.
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer
Is appointed to sail as follows:
Leave Jacksonville ............................. Sunday, Tuesdays and Thursdays at 3.30 p. m
Returning Leave Sau ford 9 oo a.m., and Enterprise 9.3o a.m..Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.

Read Down. Read Up.
Leave 3.30 ....................Jacksonville..................... Arrive 2.00 a.m.
8.45 p mI................... ...... Palatka.......................... Leave 8.oo p. m.
3.oo a. m. ......... ............Astor.......................... 3,oop.m.
4.30 a m................... .. St. Francis................ ...... 1.30 p. m,
....... ...... .......................... Beresfoid ........................... 12.oo noon
Arrive 8.oo a. m. .............. ..... .... Sanford................................. 9.oo a. m.
9.25 a. m. ......... .......... Enterprise.................... ...... 9.3oa.m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville.

A. J. COLE, Gen.Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Via.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville. Fla.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l1 Agents,
1i South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

5 SEED POTATOES.-Earliest and
2nd most productive kinds for the South;
2-n c New Queen, Thorburn, Early Hebron,
SEarly Norther, Burpee's Extra Early.
Cn Prices very low. Free pamphlet.
ir -- J.o. C. cPEARCE & Co.
' 430 W. Main St. Louisville, Ky.






GRADE POTASH, with perfect adaptability to the
requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in
strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot.
The cheapest brand for the quality in the
market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul-
tural Chemicals, Sulphur, etc.


"'i-' '\ The old reliable EUITEKA has never been
4u superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider, and the
fPure ungus growth.
Animal A certain destruion to the Aleyrodes CitriWhite land other
flatter Fertiliz sf
tter families ofScale, at all periods of their development. Fatalto the
Spider, and other insets affecting Pineapples and Vegetables.



.Rubber]Hose,2Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great .variety of the best makes, at
Manufacturers' Prices.






y 0



- Jacksonville, Fla.

A few weeks since, we listened to an
eloquent minister on the illusion of hopes
"and expectation, the common heritage of
mankind. He illustrated by the history
of the children of Israel in the promise
that they should find the land of Canaan
a land flowing with milk and honey.
Instead, they found it a land of blood, to
be conquered by hard fighting. If they
had found it to their hand, flowing with
milk and honey without effort, they
would have sat down at their case and
have been cursed with dyspepsia.
Overcoming obstacles makes men.
Overcoming temptations to sin results in
virtue. A man who has not borne bur-
dens in his youth makes a very poor sort
of man.
This world is full of illusion, and no-
where in the world are there greater
illusions than in the South. It is an
illusion that Florida is a "land of
flowers." It is an illusion that one can
plant an orange tree and eat the fruit
thereof without further effort: Itis an
illusion that any man in the South can
be a farmer It is an illusion that any
body can plant a few seeds and have a
garden, or plant cotton and corn, pine-
apples and sugar cane and secure a crop
without great diligence and forethought.

Without thought, without adapting
means to ends, without the eternal vigil-
ance which is the price of liberty, can
there be success in any calling in life and
more particularly is this true in the call-
ing of tilling the soil, whether the pro-
duction of fruit, a family garden, farm
crops, the raising of poultry, hogs, cows
or other stock.
The Ruralist recently asked a young
man if he had a garden? "Oh, yes," he
replied; "I have a garden. I have some
turnips and cabbage, a few collards, and
lettuce and some other things, besides
my peach, orange and plum trees, etc. I
planted onions twice but I could not get
one to come up. I planted beets and
watered them, and they came up, but
the sun came out hot and I guess I failed
to water or shade them and they got
scorched. My potatoes did nicely and I
have a good crop. My anticipation of a
complete garden failed. There was no
question about the quality of the seed. I
shall look into the causes of failure and
try. again." -
The Southern Florist and Gardener
makes the following sensible sugges-
tions: "Do not give up in a gardening
venture, do not think you caan not-suc-
ceed, because you fail the first time. Try
and trace the effect back to the cause and

if the cause, on being ascertained, is one
that is not practically removable, then
in that direction quit trying.
In gardening, failure may be due to a
number of causes-to soil, seed, season.
Your plant may be of a stock organically
bad, or it, as is often the case with seed,
may be badly planted. Consider soil and
soil condition in their affinities and rela-
tions to the different plants. Then re-
member that even the commonest of
common crops fall some seasons, even
when the soil is all right."
We desire to impress these suggestions
upon all who are attempting a family
garden for the first time. If planting a
tree or a few seeds would result in a fruit-
ful tree or a bountiful truck patch, it
would be an incentive to laziness. It
would destroy the relish that comes from
thought and hard earned toil, and de-
grade manhood.
The family garden of vegetables and
fruits and flowers, is worthy of thought
and energy, and is productive of the
health and happiness of every member
of family. Make a beginning. Do not
stop because you fail. Seek out the causes
of failure and remedy them.-Southern

The United States will have a new
president, a new cabinet, and probably
a different party will control congress.
What will be their attitude towards
Cuba, Hawaii, Turkey?' Some change
will be likely to take place in all of these
governments. Will Hawaii become the
-territory of the United States ? Will
the insurgents of Cuba gain their inde-
pendence ? Will the Sultan of Turkey
e permitted to massacre another hun-
dred thousand subject- without the
interference of the European powers?
The Venezuelan question, which a
year ago caused some fears of a rup-
ture between the United States and
Great Britain, is happily to be set-
tled by arbitration. Will the European
nations follow the example of the
United States and Great Britain in the
settlement of difficulties or will there: be
a general European war ? Will good
times return to the United States? Great
events may be looked for in 1897.

The Elberta peach ranks among the
first as an all-a-round desirable variety
for both home use and for market. It is
a success in all parts of the South.