Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00005
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 30, 1897
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00005
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text






8. Powers, Editor. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, JANUARY 30, 1897. Whole No. 1460 al. I ER 5

I I The Largest Fruit Growers
I HIGHESTr Know the Best Varieties and the
OWEST P/FICES We shipped more beaches from our own orohards this
season than all ot er growers in this section combined
| FJREIiT 1and made big MONEY at it.
Everything for the South.
Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits, Grapes,
Nuts, Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc.
350 Varieties. A MILLION and a half trees. Over 300 acres.
No BETTER stock to select from. None so LABGE.
New Catalogue with over 50 Illustrations, 28 New Photographic Views, Free on
THE GRIFFIN BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny.
Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla.

Are offering a Choice Lot of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season of 1896-'97.
All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low
and from Bearing trees.
Early Selections and Early Planting will prove the most successful. Prices Low.
Send postal for Descriptive catalogue to
Georgetown, Fla

The mil.iakee,-Florida Orange Co.,
Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experience
of thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and includes the following widely
known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsuma, Mandarin, Parson Brown,
Boone's Early and Centennial. Jaffa, Majorca, Ruby Blood, Stark's or Enterprise Seed-
less, Pineapple, Homosassa, and Tangerine. Tardiff and King, Duncan and Marsh Seea-
less Grapefruit. Seedless Villa Franca Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat (superior
to the round). Budwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Proimpt attention to cor-
respondents, Address all communications and make all remittances payable to
Milwaukee Florida Orange Co.,

From the choicest trees in Florida. Money making Early Peaches. A full line of Pears and
Plums. Delicious Celestial Figs. Mulberries that bear four months.
Trifoliata stocks one, two and three years old. All stock.clean and healthy. Send for inter-
esting catalogue.
J. H. GIRARDEAU, Prop., Monticello, Fla"

VueltaAbajo Tobacco Seed

IMDPORTED SEED This Season's Importation from Cuba. Packet, 15 cents, half
S. ounce, 55 cents; ounce, $i.oo; quarter pound, $3.oo; one pound, $xo.09.

l nDnA DnWl ~rl" One Year's Growth in Florida from Imported Seed.
.LURIU, unUAl T G OW LU. Padhet, 10 cents; halk ounce, 30 cents; ounce 5o0 cents;
quarter pound, $.5o0; pound, $5.00.
Send ror our illustrated catalogue. Interlachen, Florida*

Plums (over 80 varieties, Wiekson, Red June, Hale, White Kelsey, 18 new .
kinds). Peaches, (Sneed, Triumph, Suber, over 70 varieties). Pears, Kaki, Nuts;
Grapes, Oranges, Lemons, Pomelos, Kumquats, Roses, etc. -
Over 300 Varieties of Fruits and Ornamentals. :

Satsuma on Trifoliata Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.
A handsome, 65-page Catalogue for 189-'97, with over 50 engravings. Gives
adaptability of varieties to sections ,with accurate descriptions; recent exper-
ience in orchard and market with varieties new and old, with full cultural in-
formation. This
{ Investigationlinto the Requirements of Florida Orchards.
Experience and Experimentingin Growing Florida Fruits.
Extensive:propagation ofTrees for Florida Planting.

G.L. TABER, President. GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.
A. H. MANVILLE, Secretary.


For Best Seeds at Lowest Prices write for my List for 1897.
The Largest Stock in the State, and every seed New Crop.
I handle only the products of Seed Growers of National Reputation, such as
Henderson, Landreth, Ely, etc.


S+'++ BUDDING WOD. +i -
Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.
Camellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.

The Best of Stock.

Proper Treatment.

Low Prices.

Moiticello. Fla.

We receive and sell, in car loads or smaller lotE,
all Products of the GARDEN, OCHARD, DA1-
tY, EINNERY and FARM. Market Reports,
References, etc., free upon application. Address
No. 611 Liberty Street. PITTSBURGH. Penn'a.

uas x.ms??;.r as


Send for Annual De-
scriptive CATALOGUE,
newly issued and revised.
It contains everything
needed by the Horticul-
turist and plant-lover.
Orchard, Window, Lawn'
or Greenhouse. Largest
collection to select from
in the South.

Geo. S. Hacker & Son,
Manufacturers of
Purchase our makes, which we guarantee
superior to any sold South, and thereby save
money. .


. .-ire .



Strawberries on Ice.
The celebrated T. & T. Strawberry Refrig-
erators are the universal favorite of Florida
growers. Perfected after years of experi-
ence. Give good service for good fruit.
Starke, Florida.

12,000 Apple Seeds, inonepound
The quality of our seed being best, and
other conditions favorable, a big supply of
stocks may be had for a few dollars. Send for
full price list of IMPORTED and Native Fruit
Stocks and Seeds, Manetti Rose and Raffia
for budding and grafting.
Box P. Germantown, Pennsylvania.

While duly grateful to other fence manufacturers
for their strong endorsementof the Coiled Spring,
we must decline with thanks all offers of assistance
in supplying the demand. We created It and can
take care oe it.



Leading dealers
everywhere sell

Don't risk the loss of time, labor and ground
by planting seeds of known qal-
ity. The market is full of cheap.
unreliable seed. FERRY'S SEE S
are always the best; do not accept
wanw substitute. Seed Annual Free.
D. M. FERRY & CO.,
~et rolt, Mi Io.

Lying Fallow.
It is a mystery to the traveler from
the Middle and Eastern States in pas-
sing through the South why so many
fields with the remnants of last ear's
corn or cotton are unplowed after the
time of planting. .
The Southern farmers' rotation is
cotton, corn, and from one to ten
years' fallow ground for the land to
,recover its stores of plant food, and
in the meantime he sends to Illinois,
Michigan or Maine for hay with which
to .feed his stock while in the crops of
beggarweed, cow peas, and in many
parts of the South red clover and
other grasses he might have a fodder
crop of greater muscle making and
fat forming elements than in the North-
ern purchased hay and grain for the

sustenance of horses, cattle, hogs and
sheep, whose manure will supplement
the rich stores of nitrogen gathered by
these crops from the atmosphere and
plant food for continuous crops.
One great need of the South is more
stock, and more feed for stock grown
on the land. The sale of beef, pork,
lard, butter, cheese, eggs and poultry
leave nine-tenths of the plant food
taken up by the crops; but the sale of
cotton, tobacco, hay, corn and grain
removes the nitrogen, potash and
phosphoric acid contained in them
and necessitates its restoration by com-
mercial fertilizers at a cost of $40.00 a
ton. At the same time the farm loses
the mechanical effect of the humus in
preparing the soil for its best adapta-
tion to plant life and the bacteria that
come, from stable manure and de-
cayed vegetable matter.
With intensive farming, rotation of
crops fed on the farm, the growth of
nitrogen gatherers there need be no
fallow land nor crop liens, no run
down farms.
Less cotton and more corn.
Less cotton and more hay.
Less cotton and more stock.
Less cotton and more hogs.
Less cotton and more fruit.
Less cotton and more poultry.
Less cotton area, and more cow
peas, and beggarweed and grass alter-
nating with grain and root crops will
result in the redemption of Southern
farms without the "fallow ground."-
Southern Ruralist.
Humus and Its Relation to Soil Fer-
L. A. Clinton, assistant agricultur-
ist at Cornell University, says that a
certain amount of humus is absolutely
essential to soil fertility. Its value lies
not so much in its chemical influence
as in its physical action. It is a great
reservoir for the storage of nitrogen
and moisture. It affects the tempera-
ture of the soil by making it warmer.
Humus, and its relation to soil mois-
ture, is usually not taken into consid-
eration by the average farmer, yet it is
in this way that it exerts its most ben-
eficial action on the soil. It is able
to absorb moisture from the atmos-
phere, and having once taken it up,
holds it.
When we plow under a green crop
or stable manure, we are then not only
adding plant food to the soil, but we
are adding this valuable humus, which
is able to retain 18r per cent. of its
weight of moisture. Here is where
farming with commercial fertilizers
fails. Though we may give all the
plant food necessary for the, growth
and development of th'e plant, the
commercial fertilizer does not add hu-
mus to the soil. If its use is contin-
ued year after year without being sup.
plemented by green or barn manures,
the humus of the soil is finally -used
up, and the crop fails because there is
no power in the soil to hold .moisture.
Old He:ln and TPnllat.

The practice of hatching o s

We have a limited supply of fine budded orange trees 1 year old on sour
and trifoliate stock, 3 years old (budded low). All our nursery stock having
been banked last winter. Trees are now in thrifty condition.
Following varieties guaranteed true to name:
A few hundred fine trees of the true Pineapple Orange. Size of buds 3to 4 feet. Price, 5o and 75
cents each.
Can furnish Budwood of all the above named varieties for fall budding. Prices will be reduced
in October on some varieties. For full particulars, address
Interlachen, Fla.

All the choicest varieties of citrus fruit on sour or wild lemon
roots, grown on high, loose, scrub hickory and spruce ridge land.
Also strawberry plants of newest varieties, and a full line of tropical
and semi-tropical fruit and ornamental trees and flowering plants.
Catalogue on application.

JOHN B. BEACH, Indian River Nurseries,
(Established 1886.)


Vice President.
Assistant Cashier.

CAPITAkI $100,000.

Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Colleetions and General
Banking Business.

Depositors offered every facility which their bal-
ances, business and responsibility warrant.

John L. Marvin, Church Anderson, Chas. Marvin,
H. T. Baya, W. M. Davidson, Judge R. B. Archbald"
Dr. H. Robinson.

farmers who raise pullets to take the
places of their hens make the point
that they must get more eggs from
pullets than.from hens, but they over-
look the fact that they have the hens
on hand, and have to feed the pullets
until they reach maturity. It is just
the same as if one raised a heifer at
every opportunity, and sold the cow.
Now, a hen will give just as many eggs
when she is five or six years old as
when younger, and the reason so
many prefer pullets is that while pul-
lets are growing they do not so readily
become fat. The hens fatten quickly,
hence the mistake has been in over-
feeding them, and not because the
hens are not equal to pullets. The
use of pullets every year leads to de-
generacy. Eggs from hens are larger,
and the hens produce stronger chicks.
Keep your old hens as long as they
are proving serviceable.

every year to take the place of hens '
is not always a good plan. Bear in Preserving Eggs.
mind that before a pullet becomes ser- At the Birmingham show in Eng-
viceable she must be raised. It is the land, prizes are given for the most
first cost that must be met before she perfectly preserved eggs. At the ex-
will give a profit. A large number of hibition this year. the winning collec-

tion had been siniply rubbed over
with white of egg, and marvelously
fresh and sweet, it is said, they
looked, considering that they had re-
posed at the Bingley Hall since Aug.
i. Twelve months ago the prize
dozen had only been rubbed with
butter wrapped in paper, and packed
in lime, such processes being sim-
plicity itself, and proving conclusively
that such methods as coating the shells
with olive oil and beeswax are unnec-
cessary. It may be added that the
second prize collection this year were
merely coated with white of egg and
packed in flour. -London Live Stock

The DeLand News, figuring on a
cassava factory, gives detailed figures;
showing that an acre of cassava can
be grown at a cost of $34.50, and will
yield products worth $65.
Hundreds of bushels of sweet pota-
toes are being shipped to other States
from Bartow.
Twenty-two milch cows from Union
Springs, Ala., were sold at auction in
Tampa last week at good prices..


66 O



Grove Ao Orchard.

Hardy Palms in Florida-I.
Written for the Farmer and Fruit-Growei
by T. I. Mead, Oviedo, Fla.
For general effect there are three
principal types of palms available in
Florida north of the almost tropical re-
gion, where the cocoanuts flourish.
They may be represented by the pal-
metto, the date palm and the hardy
species of cocos from temperate South
America. Each of these types may be
divided into two sections, one contain-
ing tall trees suitable for avenues, the
other smaller plants that might fairly
be included under the term shrubbery.
The first type is that of the palmet-
to, familiar to us all. Nearly all the
West Indian allies of our cabbage pal-
metto (Sabal palmetto) are hardy here,
but they are so closely similar in gen-
eral appearance to our native species
that few people, except botanical ex-
perts, can tell them apart.
Good-sized cabbage palmettoes are
not difficult to transplant; select the
thickest, sturdiest trunks you can find;
if possible get them from sandy land
instead of from flatwoods clay, and in
digging chop the roots off near the
stem, but do not chop into the stem
itself; cut every leaf off the tree; this
is-very important; and after planting
keep the trunk well watered, and the
tree is almost sure to live. I have
transplanted large numbers of them,
trees with trunks about eight feet
high, covered with the latticed leaf-
stalks and weighing about eight hun-
dred pounds each, and where, they
were kept well watered almost every
one grew. A number that were neg-
lected in this.respect mostly died.
Of the other natives, brief mention
will suffice for all but one, the needle
palmetto. There are two dwarf pal-
mettoes, one inhabiting swamps (Sabal
adansoni) with flat leaves and up-
right fruitstalks, taller than the
leaves. 'The other is found in dry white
scrub land and seems to have been
overlooked by the botanical manuals,
although it is entirely distinct from
the swamp species. The leaves are
strongly arched like those of the cab-
bage palmetto, and the fruiting stalks
are short and rest on the ground. It
has no trunk but the leaves spring
from a swollen, bulb-shaped rootstock
deep down in the sand. I have suc-
cessfully transplanted this as well as
the swamp species, by observing the
same precautions as with the cabbage
The saw 'palmetto (Serenoa serru-
lata) is only too well known to. most
of us. It is difficult to transplant, and
many a settler has learned to regret
the "clean sweep" made in clearing
his land at. first, especially where the
luxuriant clumps of almost tree-like
specimens of this palm have been
sacrificed, since few plants present a
more striking and "even weird and
grotesque appearance than an ancient
group of saw palmettoess, with their
scaly stems writhing up out of the
ground at all angles like tormented
saurians, and ending in a hundred
widespread, many-fingered leaves.

Along the coast a variety is common,
showing a glaucous or silvery shade,
almost as marked as that of the Cali-
fornia blue palm (Erythea armata) but
* well characterized specimens of this
are rarely if ever found in the interior,
* where the color is usually a deep
green. As far as my experience goes,
the saw palmettoes usually fail to pro-
duce fruit in the interior. In Orange
county I have sometimes searched for
miles, almost continuously overgrown
with this -palm, without finding a
single berry,, while on the coast, at
the same season the fruits are readily
collected in large quantities, being
used it is said, for medicinal purposes.
The last native palm on the list,
the needle palmetto, (Rhapidophyllum
hystrix,) is very local, being found in
some rich, low hammocks in great
abundance, b6th in Georgia and Flor-
ida, but these habitats of the species
are widely separated and not often met
with. Its most striking peculiarity at
first view consists in the long, sharp,
black spines projecting in every direc-
tion from the dark fibers that cover the
trunk; these spines are often more
than a foot long, and taper towards
the attached end like porcupine quills,
so they may be quite easily pulled out.
Their use seems chiefly to protect the
inflorescence, which rises among them
and before opening resembles a large,
white egg nestled in among the thorns.
This palm bears the staminate and pis.
tillate flowers on separate plants, there-
in differing from all the other native
palms mentioned here, and the male
plants are by far the most numerous.
The woolly clusters of seeds are borne
on short stems and hardly project
above the surrounding chevaux de frise
of spines.
This palmetto transplants with the
greatest facility, and though found nat-
urally only in swamps and muck-beds
it grows equally well when transplant-
ed to any ordinary Florida soil, wheth-
er on high land or low. It is not nec-
essary even to remove the leaves; once
when digging muck for fertilizer I had
the uprooted needle palms piled in a
heap until I had decided where to
plant them. Being neglected,-and the
rainy season coming on, nearly every
palm pushed roots through the sides
of its trunk as it lay in the hearp and
continued to grow. The tallest speci-
men I ever found had an upright
trunk four feet high, the leaves ex-
tending six or seven feet from the
crown in every direction, but the av-
erage specimen will not exceed two
feet in height of trunk. It is a charm-
ing palm, the upper surface of the
leaves is dark shining green relieved by
the pale gray of the under surface as
the foliage sways in the wind, while
the black, fibrous .trunk and formidable
,spines always attract attention, and its
easy translocation to any soil makes it
one of the most available and effective
of scenic plants within our reach.
The exotic palms to be grouped with
our native species, (besides the closely
similar West Indian palmettoes already
referred to), are the dwarf fan -palm
of Europe, (Chamaerops humilis), and,
for special soils, the Californian Wash-

ingtonia and one or two others of the
commoner greenhouse fanpalms.
The European Dwarf Palm makes
itself at home in all our drier soils and
assumes a handsome tree shape in
from ten to twenty years, the long
time required to attain important size
being the only objection to its extens-
ive use in our garden and avenues.
The Washingtonias from California
are equally hardy but very hard to
suit as to soil and location. They
soon perish in ordinary ground, nei-
ther sand nor muck, high pine nor
high hammock being at all to their
liking. In flat woods with clay near
the surface they often do finely and
surpass any other palm in rapidity
of growth. A single small plant set
out neat the edge of a drained pond
bottom near my house has attained a
height of twenty feet in eight years
and seems perfectly healthy; twenty
others set out to encircle the same
pond all perished after a few years of
puny existence, nor have any others
survived of some hundreds or more
planted in different situations all over
the place. Most of these were from
seed guaranteed by the collector to
have come from the Robusta type,
which is thought to do better in Flor-
ida than the common Washingtonia
The Chinese Fan Palm (Cham-
aerops excelsa) does well in most
soil, but rarely lives long on high
land. It is perfectly hardy as regards
frost which unfortunately is not 'the
case with the most effective and pop-
ular greenhouse fan palms, Livistona
sinensis (commonly called Latania bor-
bonica) and L. australis (Corypha
australis of the catalogues.) These
grow very' slowly on high land but
would be valuable for moist locations
were they not so readily disfigured
and even defoliated by the frosts
usual in low places.
Leaving the fan palms we come to
the date palms-different species of
the genus phoenix. The date palm
itself is easily grown from seeds taken
from dates of commerce, and occa-
sionally some varieties grow with sat-
isfactory rapidity, but, as a rule, their
growth is disappointingly slow, some-
times not more than two or three feet
in a dozen years. Phoenix sylvestris,
the wild date' of India, while of the
same milky green tint, and very simi-
lar in aspect to the common date, is a
rapid grower, and does well both on
high and low land. It will make a
tall trunk in fewer years than any other
phoenix in cultivation here, though it
never attains the massive bulk of the
Canary Island date, which is the most
stately palm available- to us. This
species (Phoenix canariensiss) is easily
recognized by the dark rich green of
its fronds, whose divisions lie nearly
flat, that is, in the same plane. It forms
a massive trunk, three to four feet
thick, with a spread of foliage of from
twenty-five to thirty feet, and does ex-
tremely well both on low and high
land, though .the moister and richer
the soil the more rapid the growth will
be. .This species .and' P. sylvestris
are perhaps our only cultivated dates
which push no suckers from the base,

which is a great advantage, since the
others need constant attention in this
respect if it is desired to keep them to
a single stem. If neglected for any
length of time the innumerable bayo-
net points of the basal leaf spines make
suckeringg" an unpleasant and almost
certainly a painful task.
The remainder of the dates culti-
vated here are more or less dwarf in
stature and apt to have their leaves
browned by frosts that do not injure
the two just mentioned, and hence
should, if possible, be given somewhat
sheltered, half shady situations.
Phoenix leonensis has bold, deep
green, erect leaves; P. farinifera leaves
lighter in color and less erect, while.
in P. pumila they recline in low curves.
All three make trunks several feet high
if the suckers are constantly removed,
as will also Phoenix rupicola, the
fountain palm, whose graceful leaves
have their divisions in one plane, like
those of P. canariensis.
[Remainder next week.]

Letter from Major Campbell.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
The matter of fences for profit, is
by no means original with me, al-
though I had thought of it, and ad-
vised it before I saw it put into prac-
tice. -
J knew a man in ante-bellum times,
who every spring planted all the May:
Duke and Early Richmond cherry
trees, in the fence corners around -a
ten acre field, he could get.
On being asked why he wanted so
many cherry trees, as but few people
at that time sold cherries, he replied
he was very fond of seeing women
and wood-peckers around, and where-
ever there was plenty of cherries,
there would always be women and
wood-peckers. One wa as suireft
come as the other. He'demonstrated,
however, by the time his rail fence
needed re-setting and repair, hehad
not only living fence posts to string
telegraph wire to--there was noib
.barbed wire then-but sold enough.
cherries that season to buy his wire
and continued to sell cherries every.
season, enough to make hisfence rows -,'
the most profitable part of his farm.
I also knew another man, to. do the.
same thing with peaches in, :Kansas,'
who came over into Missouri- and
bought several bushels of the finest
peaches he could find simply for the
seed, which he planted in nursery and
then transplanted around a twefity-
acre field, and in a few years had not
only living posts to stretch barb wire--
which was then coming into use-but.
peaches of the finest kinds to sell from
the first of July to October. ,
I find even here in Florida,' a man
utilizing his fence row for profits He
has a post and rail fence around a,
large garden. in which he raises all
kinds of truck. Against his fence he
plants tomatoes and butter beans, each'.
of which he trains to the fence. The
beans soon cover the fence and he'
has butter beans to use and to sell
from the first'of June. till frost kills
them. His vines were full the last of
October when I saw them. I had
been told running butter beans "would


by using
"The Ideal Fertilizer."
Price $27.00.
Per Cent.
Moisture ......................................................... 10 to 12
Ammonia from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood
and Bone.................. ........................... 4% to 5X
Available Phos Acid from Acid Phosphate and Bone........ to 5
Sulphate of Potash.... .. ......... ........................ 11 to 13
Equivalent to Actual Potash................................. 6 to 8
Magnesium Sulphate, Lime, Calcium Sulphate, Organic Mat-
ter, etc .......... ... ..................... .... .... 65 to 70
Made exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood,
Bone, Atid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. (No coloring matter used).
This is a soluble, quick acting and lasting fertilizer. The nitro-
gen coming from three different ingredients is especially
valuable, as all three sources are best adapted to mak-
ing quick growth. The potash from sulphate of potash
Try it alongside of the more expensive brands and be convinced.

When Fertilizing for Fruit, use .

Ideal Fruit and Vine Manure,

Ammonia ................................................ 2 to 4 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid .......... ....... 6 to 8 "
Insoluble Phosphoric Acid ............................ 1 to 3 "
Sulphate of Potash .... .............................. 20 to 24 "
Potash Actual K20..... ..... ......................... 10 to 12 "
Magnesium, Sulphate, Chloride, Calcium Sulphate,
etc.... .... .............................. 55 to 60 "
Made exclusively from Snlphate of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda,
Blood, Bone, Dissolved Bone, and Sulphate of Potash.
Manufactured by
The Fertilizer House of Florida,"

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.
Write Us for Prices before Buying.

Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, $7.00 per Ton.

not do in Florida," hence, never tried
them and have long been without a
dish I am very fond of. He keeps his
tomatoes thinned of imperfect fruit,
and pinches them back when growing
too rampant, and as a consequence he
has finer tomatoes than anybody, as
handsome as oranges.
On another portion of his fence, he
had for an experiment planted velvet
beans.. He says hogs are very fond
of then, but he has not tried other
stock yet.
* From what I saw, I will plant some
velvet beans for trial, and will advise
every farmer to do the same-but not
to plant in the open field, unless they
want tocut. poles and stick them like
From my.first experience with or-
ange trees, I have been satisfied that
close culture was not the thing for
them. I was fully confirmed in this
by observing the difference between
my wild groves, which were budded
as the't ees originally grew, and those
transplanted and closely cultivated.
Hencei.had concluded to transplant
all my nursery trees to my rail fence
corners and when the fences become
insecure to string barbed wire to them.
J was just carrying this into effect
when the freeze came and killed all
my trees. But for this, I should now
have four miles of orange tree fence
posts, most of them strung with barbed
wire. Don't you reckon the wire-
grass cattle and the razor-back hogs
would have looked on with amaze-
ment at that fence ?
It was a pretty hard lick to lose so
many pretty orange trees, but I have
not given up my idea of the profitable-
ness of living fence posts. I am now
preparing to transplant a large num-.
b.erof plum trees, which I have for
that purpose, that bear and ripen fruit
from the middle of May till in Octo-
ber. I wonder if the latter won't fill
the bill for Mr. Orange's offer in the
paper of 2d inst, of $25.00 for the
tree. These are not "cherry plums,"
butgre seedlings from trees of Chick-
asaw varieties; some not unlike a
cherry in appearance, but larger;
some as sweet as any heart cherry, and
pone more acid than an Early Rich-

mond cherry. They eat as well out
of hand when fully ripe, cook as well
and preserve better than anything of
the kind I ever saw.
I have only three trees of the late
kind; two which have been bearing
for a number of years, and
one just this last summer.
Not knowing that there will be any
more of this, kind, $25.00 would not
be any inducement for either of them.
We don't yet half know what we
have or may have in Florida. I have
been bothered a good deal because I
could have no cherries. I bought
and tried to grow several lots on their
own.roots, but failed. I sought in-
formation whether grafting on Mari-
ana or wild cherry would succeed.
Can't find any body who knows.
Does any body know? If so, won't
they please tell me. I guess I will
graft some and then I will find out
and every body else shall know.
That's a New Year resolution and it
has been made every year for the last
ten years.
I just want to ask one question and
then I will be done with this plum
question till later.
In making a post and wire fence
will it cost any more to dig up a wild
plum, red-bud, dog-wood, black-haw,
live or water oak and transplant them,
and make living fence posts, than it
will to split out and plant dead posts,
which at best, only last a few years?
My experience is that it does not
and the satisfaction of not only having
your work permanent, is worth a good
deal, but the profit and beauty to be
had from living, blooming fence posts
is worth a good deal more.
To the above may be added pear
trees with good effect.
Your wild plum stocks may be
budded with Kelsey, or any other
improved plums. Did any body ever
see anything more beautiful than a
Kelsey plum or a pear tree in full
bloom? If fruit is not the object and
you want beauty as well as utility,
plant alternately fifteen feet apart wild
plum, red-bud, dog-wood, peach and
black haw, which will all be in bloom
at the same time.
Live oak and water oak grow too

large and shade and sap too much
ground to plant around cultivated
fields. But in making "a plantation
you will necessarily have permanent
pasture-lots and some of your fencing
will run through waste places; plant
your oaks here and they will pay as
well as any fruit trees. I cut down a
live oak recently which shaded a very
important piece of cultivated ground
on which I believe there were five
bushels of acorns. Had I not had
plenty of others in more suitable places,
I should not have been justified in
cutting it.
There areenough acorns, and other
mast and grass that go to waste in
Florida to make meat to supply twice
the population. This should be
utilized. I will say more about this
in another article.
There is one other tree that can be
used for live fence posts with satis-
faction and profit later, the common
persimmon. Persimmons grow to per-
fection in Virginia; they do not here, as
a rule.
I have one tree in a piece of ham-
mock that bears the best and largest
fruit I ever saw; a Japan for eugary
sweetness is not to be named along
side of it. Near it are two others that
bear -no fruit. There are two other
trees in a cultivated field, that receive
the same cultivation as the crops,
that are second only to the former.
There are many scattered about which
are either barren or bear indifferent
fruit; these I will transplant to a fence
row and graft from the first name, and
different Japanese varieties.
Did you ever drink any persimmon
beer? Whether you did or did not
make a barrel next fall and you wont
care to drink any more lager.
If you make a fence with these and
your grand children find them to
shade the ground too much, they can
cut them down and make them into
shoe lasts and shuttles. Most of the
persimmon timber will be destroyed
by that time and it will be worth some-
When asked what business will pay
in Florida, say a factory to make shoe
lasts, shuttles, pully blocks and

handles. For this Florida can furnish
timbers to beat the world.
Will have more to say in another
.letter about fences.
Campobello Plantation, Marion Co.

The Satsuma Orange Tree.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
I read a short article in this paper-
some time ago about the Satsuma tree
and its fruits, and not only agree with
the same in every particular, but I am
enabled to make a few additional re-
marks, based entirely on experience.
I am, perhaps, one of the first who
planted the Satsuma tree and who had
succeeded in making the same the best
paying tree in this latitude.
I have tried it on sour, sweet and
trifoliata stock, and find that it will
only become a paying tree on sweet
stock. Some nurseries, having no
sweet stock on hand, often bud sour
stock with some kind of sweet buds,.
asd then rebud the sweet stocK. But
I found that even that will not do,.
and that, in order to ;make the Satsu-
ma tree grow well, the roots must be,
It is well known that the Satsuma
tree can stand from six to eight de-
grees more cold than any other vari-
ety. The tree is thornless and blooms
from ten to fourteen days later than
other varieties, which is of great im-
portance in our frequent spring frosts.;
The fruit is seedless, of excellent fla-
vor, ripens as early as November ist,
and being the only kid glove orange
in the market at that time, it is bound
to be the best paying variety. It has;
been said a few years ago by some one
in this paper that he has never seen
the Satsuma tree bear as much as one-
half of a box ot fruit. In reply to.this
statement, I can say that I had trees"
budded in 1888 which averaged four.
and a half boxes in 1894, and five and,
a half boxes in 1895.
This, I think, shows beyond doubt,
the advisability of planting Satsumai
trees more extensively in that part of,
the State where frost is apt to injure.
the crop during the winter months.
In conclusion, I will say that, while
the fruit is rather rough looking the


JANUARY 30, i.



wlLeoN & TOOMER, JacksonY1110,


first two years, it becomes as pretty
and smooth as the Mandarin after the
tree has become older.
Interlachen, Fla., January 19, 1897.
Is there not a mistake in the above
dates, 1894 and 1895 ?
Letter from the Sub-Peninsula.
Editor Farmer andFruit-Grower:
The winter so far has been exceed-
ingly mild notwithstanding the fore-
casts by prophets gave a gloomy out-
look. Brother Laurie and I and Broth-
er Will felt awfully "spotted" after
reading of the blasts that were in store
-old Boreas' store. And the twenti-
eth of January brings anything else
than the "destructive" blizzard the
later prophet-, spoke of. I keep
thinking I have done my last fool trick
and I long ago promised not to get
scared at freezes. I have now hung
my tropical harp on a (weeping) wil-
low tree where with oranges at two to
three dollars a box it may hang in
peace and quiet. Our kitchen gar-
dens are fine. The market trucker
got his "nuff" this last fall.
Oh, say, Mr. Editor, can you tell
where that McK. gold basis prosper-
ity is?
I'm talking about pineapples. You
know these black-jack and spruce pine
rosemary scrubs that we never could
see the use of except for sites for glass
factories or grave yards, are now found
to be the paradise of the pineapple. If
the people could only enjoy these
pines our people can raise them.
Here's politics again! I stop.

Mr. E. H. Mote shipped Monday,
January i8th, the first carload of cab-
bage from his 150o-acre vegetable farm.
Mr. Mote says that he. will ship three
or four more carloads during the
month. Beginning with February he
will, perhaps, ship a carload per day.
January is a month earlier than Mr.
Mote began to ship cabbage last year.
The first carload was shipped Febru-
ary 18. His crop is much larger and
of better quality than he has ever be-
fore raised.' He sells all of his cab-
bage f. o. b. shipping point, and has
no trouble in selling all of his stock in
that way.-Leesburg Commercial.
The company which was incorpor-
ated last year under the name of the
"Compagnie Generale des Phosphates
de la Florida," will commence op- t
rations very soon at Newberry, in
Alachua county, and is also preparing
to mine rock at Trenton, in the same
county. The Suwanee river will be
used as the means of transportation to
the ocean. The company has a paid a
up capital of $i,.ooo,ooo. Mr. A. A.
Riche of Paris, France, is the princi- f
pal promoter of this new company. I

The Cinamon tree has recently v
been inlrodpqed into the Biscayne Bay b
region of, Florida and is now being n
cultivated extensively on the Perrine n
Grant. It is to be hoped that the o
experiment wilt be successful and that p
we shall be able to add another to the g
already long list of tropical plants now g
being profitably cultivated in our fair w
state.-Biscayne Bay Monthly. s


Edited by J. B. Beach, West Palm Beach,Fla.

Letter from Polk County.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Should the virtues of this plant be-
come generally known no other plant
in its line, in my opinion, will com-
mand greater attention. I can't give
you the technical name of it, but it is
known here as the Jamaica sorrel, and
is destined to be grown here for family
uses, for time indefinite. Prepared
fruit has been sent to Washington, to
certain persons, who pronounce it as
superior to the cranberry. I have
tested it here in the last two winters in
pies, jelly, marmalade, and as a bev-
erage, and have found it all that, in
general, will be demanded even on
first trial, and by use it will go with an
increasing relish.
As to growth, it will grow anywhere
that a careless,weed will, and with al-
most as little attention, and I think on
all kinds of soil, low or high. The
stalks, here in the sand hills, at and
around Frost Proof, will grow six feet
high, but how much higher I don't
know. They are of a purple-red color
even to the fruit pods. The bloom is
of a light yellow tint. I thought but
little about the thing at first, although
I relished the acid finely as a beverage,
but have been much more favorably
impressed with it at every return of its
use. A specimen has been sent from
here to New York also, but not yet
heard from. I am strongly persuaded
that it is to become the Southern
cranberry, in its uses.

Well, I am literally fascinated with
what Brothers Russell and Van
Houten said of it in your worthy
columns of late, for although they
confine themselves so closely to the
locality of Orlando, in Orange county,
writing as though no other portion of
Orange could compete with it. As I
have been in Orange and seen some
of her high hills, lakes and soil, nearly
forty years ago, I conclude that other
localities in that county would do just
as well under the care of such men as
Messrs. Russell' and Van Houten.
But, concluding that your readers
will be charitable enough to allow that
other portions even outside of Orange
county might grow pines successfully
:oo, and especially down south of
Orange in the sand hill region of
eastern Polk, let me tell them, if you
please, that where the tropical papaw
vill grow, blossom and fruit, all. the
winter, in the open air, that the pine-
Lpple grower need not be scared.
'Oh, but didn't it get them in the big
freeze ?" No, sir, not the pineapple;
Sbeg your pardon, for many of them
lad quite all their leaves spared, but
rery few, not twenty per cent, going
pelow the level, and half of them or
nore sprouted from the stem under-
Leath the warm sandy soil and came
ut during the year, and with the ap-
lication of such fertilization and irri-
ation as the above gentlemen have
iven theirs at Orlando, almost the
hole would have pulled. through

As to tomatoes not the tenderest
bud has been touched here up to this
time, and I witnessed the same result
here for eight successive winters prior
to the freeze two years ago. More-
over I have reasons to affirm that at
least twenty-five years prior to these
eight, all would have gone through
safe as I was here in the country and
witnessed every winter the results of
cold snaps. S. W. CARSON.
Frost Proof, Fla.

Pineapples in California.
About six years ago pineapple cul-
ture was commenced here, at first in
an experimental way. Eighteen varie-
ties have been tested and five of them
have proved hardy and well adapted
to cultivation in open air without
protection, at an elevation of 8o to 100
feet above sea level. Their fruiting
season seems to be much later than in
other countries and extends from
September i to May i.
The largest fruits ripen in December
and January, and last year we har-
vested one weighing 84 pounds on
the 26th of January. It had seven
slips and a multiple crown containing
about seven more plants and was of
the Porto Rico variety. Some have
no core in the center and only a small
one at the base and crown. When
sliced crosswise they show a solid
center resembling a beet ini texture
and so full of juice that when sliced
they soon cover with a syrup that has
fragrance far superior to any imported
Natives of the tropics state that they
cannot find any difference between
the pines ripened here or those ripened
nearer the equator. Many localities
near San Diego on the mesa lsnds
are well adapted as to climate, but in
most places the soil requires mixing
and mulching. Parties are now pre-
paring to plant on a large scale and
raise pines for the local markets, and
of the largest and best varieties, like
the residents of Washington and New
York are now paying $i a piece for.
Many of our citizens are planting a
few in their gardens and some in their
front yards where they attract atten-
tion from tourists and strangers, who
have just come from homes where
snow and ice have caused them to go
southward. Here they thoroughly
appreciate the climate and productions
as they view an open air pinery during
Christmas time, with pineapples ripen-
ing in some plants while others are in
bloom in the same yard. These
blessings our citizens enjoy without
realizing the contrast so noticeable to
our winter tourists, who find nothing
ike it outside the tropics.-Fruit a
[rade Journal. t

Budding the Mango.
editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. (
Mr. Burr, of Winter Haven, put me i
o budding the mango just before the t
94 freeze. Mr. Butler and myself had t
number of buds that were promising. a
Fhe operation is simple enough, be- s
ng the same as for the oranges, ex- I
ept that waxed cloth must always be t
.sed in case of the mango. T

Pinellas, Fla.



Is a Revolution Impending in Cigar
Leaf Tobacco Culture?,
This question is worthy of the clos-
est attention of all tobacco growers,
in view of the remarkable results that
have followed the introduction of Su-
matra tobacco seed in the United
States. A dozen years ago this journal
obtained seed direct from the United
States consul at Singapore, but the
leaf obtained from it was not piomis-
ing and we doubt if many growers
who received the seed have continued
to propagate it. The department of
agriculture has distributed some seed,
but it was no good. Finally, a, man
was sent to Sumatra by Preident
Duval of the Florida Central and Pen-
insular railroad, who obtained a small
quantity of seed of the finest strains
of Sumatran tobacco, although this
seed is jealously guarded by Sumatran
planters. A little of this importation
was planted in Connecticut and Penn-
sylvania, and has given promising re-
sults, but the bulk of the seed was dis-
tributed in Florida. The 1896 was
the third crop of this new variety since
its importation, and it is conservative
to say that it has already revolution-
ized the cigar industry of Florida. In-
deed, it is a fair question whether
Sumatran seedleaf will not sup-r cede
some of the Havana seedleh1 and
Connecticut broadleaf now grdin .in
New England, New York, Pennsyl-
vania, Ohio and Wisconsin, and should
those sections fail to produce equally
as good quality of this new leaf, it
may be that Florida will develop a
great tobacco industry at the expense
of the north. Both these expectations
are firmly held by Col. F. B. M,9odie,
who is the best expert on the Atbject
in the State, and who lives at Lake
City, northern Florida, the head center
of this new departure in tobacco cul-
ture. It is these possibilities that will
attract many to the approaching na-
tional convention of tobacco growers
at Ocala, Florida, Jan. 12. though
the meeting might better haves been
held at Lake City, where the State
Agricultural College and Experiment
Station are located. Other varieties
of cigar leaf are being successfully
grown in Florida, and a col6dfy of
Cubans in Polk county are growing
two crops a year of tobacco from pure
Cuban seed, which is claimed to eqial
in quality the famous Vuelta Abajo
leaf, but we can here consider: only
the new Sumatran seedleaf that is
making such a sensation in the tobacco
Our frontispiece next week will give
in idea of field and harvest of Suma
:ran seedleaf as grown at Lake City,
)ut a still better judgment may be
formed from the picture on thiepage
)f the new variety contrasted, with
Connecticut broadleaf, the latter be.
ng rather wider and heavier thin the
Havana seedleaf, also. much grown in
he cigar-leaf States. These pictures
.re from photographs taken exclu-
ively for us, and this is the first pub-
icatioh in the world of a life-like pic-
ure of a Sumatran tobacco. plant.
this new tobacco is a type ditinct
rom our American or Cuban fobac-
"os. The plant in blGom (except for





its flower) reminds one of the com-
mon sunflower rather than of what we
are accustomed to in tobacco. Its
leaves are of so delicate a nature that
after being fermented it will take
about two hundred of them to weigh a
pound. Hence the wonderful "wrap-
ping" capacity of this leaf-that is,
the great number of cigars that can be
covered by one pound of Sumatran
seedleaf. This year's crop of it in
Florida was nearly all bought up be-
fore election at twenty to fifty cents
per pound for the cured leaf, while it
is claimed that selections of Florida-
grown Sumatran leaf have sold to
cigar manufacturers for $1.50 to $3
per pound, in appearance rivaling as
cigar wrappers the finest imported
from Sumatra, while in quality (that
is, flavor, body, burn, etc.) surpassing
the best Sumatra leaf. Unlike the
leaf direct from Sumatra, which is so
poor in quality as to be unfit for the
bulk of the cigar (fillers and binders),
this Sumatran seedleaf, when allowed
to fully ripen, possesses quality and
aroma that make it desirable for fillers.
In this respect, it seems to improve
after one or two years domestication.
In Florida it does well on both old
and new lands, while in Sumatra, to-
bacco is grown largely on new land.
Aside from its hardiness, thrift and
quick-growing qualities, and the high
price the best leaf commands, this
Florida-Sumatra seedleaf is" specially
attractive to the planter because under
the same conditions it averages twice
as many pounds of cured leaf per acre
as the other varieties heretofore grown
in Florida. The average yield of
Cuban seedleaf in Gadsden County is
about four hundred pounds per acre,
.but Sumatran seedleaf makes eight
hundred pounds under like conditions,
and as high as 1,000 to 1,200 pounds
have been claimed in a few instances.
Mr. Corry, who had one hundred
and thirty acres of Sumatran seed-
leaf under his charge in Florida the
past season, reports an average of
eight hundred pounds of merchant
able cured leaf per acre. Being so
upright in growth, plants are set-
twelve to fifteen inches apart in rows
three and one-half to four feet apart,
giving 10,000 to 12,000 plants per
acre. Col. Moodie reports that with
proper care seventy-five per cent of
the crop will be fine A wrappers, the
balance seconds, binders and fillers.
The crop is harvested leaf by leaf and
strung on wires for curing in barn,
although some still cut it up at the
bottom and hang the whole plant, as
in the seedleaf sections of the north,
or the shipping-leaf region of the, mid-
dle south. The leaf on wires seems
to cure much better during the rainy
season at which it is harvested. The
'96 crop of Sumatran seedleaf in Flor-
ida has been ,placed as high as 1,00oo,-
-000 pounds,.and even with the ab-
sence of enterprise among the natives,
the limited means of those who realize
the possibilities, and the small number
. of experienced planters from the
north, the '97 crop is to be double
this. Enterprising men of experience
in cigar-leaf tobacco culture and trade
are expected to make a study of this
matter in Florida this winter, and
probably-large numbers of them will

go into the business of raising Suma-
tran seedleaf in Lake City and vicinity.
This is the place where the'celebrated
Chapman crop of Havana seedleaf
was grown in 1892, some of which
sold at $2 per pound. There are
considerable areas of cheap land in
that section that will doubtless pro-
duce tobacco of the best quality, if
properly worked. Of course there is
much to be learned in the whole to-
bacco industry, and especially in
growing and handling this new var-
iety, but discounting all this and al-
lowing for exaggerations by sanguine
or interested men, searching inquiry
indicates that this new development
in the cigar-leaf industry is worthy of
close attention, both by those who
may be seeking "fresh fields and pas-
tures new," or those who wish to
keep posted upon what may possibly
compete with or create great changes
in an industry in which they are now
engaged.-Am. Agriculturist.


Pedigree .Strawberry Plants.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower :
Pedigree plants or animals are those
having a known line o ancestry-
presumably good ancestry.
New varieties of strawberries origi-
nate from seed sown by man or na-
ture. A variety thus originated prop-
agates itself by means of runners
which grow out from an old plant,
take root and form young plants. A
pedigree strawberry plant, as I use
the term, means usually, but not al-
ways, one of the above kinds, for the
ancestry of some of the best varieties
is not known, which has been still
further improved by repeatedly select-
ing plants noted for.general excellence
as fruit bearers from whose runners
young plants are obtained to set all
new fields.
From these young plants, the most
excellent ones are again in fruiting
time selected, the most excellent ones
again and so on indefinitely. But
the berries should not be allowed to
remain on these plants an hour longer
than is necessary to prove the fruitful-
ness and general excellence of the
plant. The berries should always be
pulled off before they ripen or the seed
mature, which is the process so ex-
hausting to the plant.
It is denied that this selection does
any good at all, and asserted that one
plant of any given variety is just.as
good as any other plant of that var-
iety. That the assertion is erroneous
I know from actual and repeated
tests. I have long followed this plan
of selection and proven that it does
tell strongly in the improvement of a
variety, provided, of course, that it is
intelligently and persistently carried
In fact, improvement in plants or
animals can come in no other way.
To assert that all strawberry plants of
any given variety are equally good,
no matter how the one may have been
allowed to run down by neglect, or
the other bred up by careful selection
and high culture, is an error and an
error of a very harmful kind. It is as
erroneous as to hold that one herd or

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strain of Jersy cows is as good as any
other herd or strain. Although one
might have been highly and judicious-
ly fed and bred from scrubs for
twenty generations.
The fact is that all varieties of
strawberry plants as soon as originated
begin a gradual process of change. It
may be slow but it is sure and almost
inevitably tends to deterioration.
My plan is to arrest and even to
some extent reverse this process of
deterioration by raising young plants
from old plants of conspicuous merit
and from no others.

Kittrell, N. C.

Farmers' Clubs.

One cause of. the "behind-the-times"
condition of the Southern farmer is the ab-
sence of organization. Separate and alone
the farmer cannot amount to much, edu-
cationally, socially or politically. He
needs the stimulus of organization.
The organization that seems most de-
sirable is one that combines education
and social intercourse and admits both
sexes and all ages above perhaps fifteen
or sixteen years. The objects should be
to listen to papers and discussions on
farm, household and economic questions,
not debarring those of State and National
importance, and to enjoy music, recita-
tions, dialogues, etc.
Talk the matter over with your neigh-
bor, and you two with others, and get up
a club in your neighborhood. We append
a form of organization:
This club shall be known as the--
Club of-- Township-- County,
State of---.
The object of the club shall be mutual
improvement and. social intercourse.
The exercises at our meetings shall con-
sist of the discussion of subjects pertain-
ing to our interests as -farmers, recitations,
music, etc. Membership, at the organi-
zation of the club, shall consist only of
persons engaged in farming, and over six-
teen years of age.
After the organization of the club mem-
bers shall be admitted upon a vote by by bal-
lot of not less than two-thirds of those
present at any regular meeting, and may
include persons of all other callings, if
deemed best by the club.
The officers shall consist of a president,
vice-president, secretary and treasurer,
whose duties shall be such as usually de-
volve upon those officers.
They shall be elected at the first meet-
ing each year, and shall serve, unless ex-
cused for good reason, one year.

A committee consisting of three mem-
bers shall be chosen to prepare a program
of exercises for each meeting, which pro-
gram shall be prepared and announced at
least two meetings in advance.
The regular meetings of the club shall
be held on th (name the day) in
each month, at- (name place). Who
shall sign the Constitution, and agree to
confo m to the By-laws and rules that
may be made from time to time.
The Constitution may be altered or
amended, by a two-thirds vote, at any
regular meeting of. the club, after one
month's notice has been duly given.
A set of By-laws should be added, to
regulate the duties of members as to read-
ing essays and papers and taking part in
the discussions, collecting money to de-
fray necessary expenses, etc.
These subjects should have special at-
tention in a Southern farmers' club: How
to get out from under the incubus of a
crop lien, or reduce the-rate of interest
therein; and the growing of the family
and stock requirements on the farm. The
subject of fertilizers, rotation of crops, di-
versified farming, improvement of the
soil and stock, added comforts to the.
home, etc., would all find a place in the
farmers' club, which, in time, would grow
into the farmers' institute, resulting in a
higher agricultural education and scien-
tific farming.-Southern Ruralist.
The trial of Johnson grass has proved
a trial to many a farmer who made a
trial of it. The trial of methods to get
rid of this great tiial is now occupying
his thoughts and time wherever it has
reached a cultivated field.
Be cheerful at your meals. Wind up
with a good laugh. The cheerful, happy
family is not liable to suffer from indi-
gestion unless they eat too much grease
and too many hot biscuits.
Poland-China sows, crossed with the
large English Berkshire boar, produce
pigs that are more profitable than any
other combination. This cross gives
vitality, size and rustling qualities-
makes better mothers and produces
larger and stronger litters.
Careful experiments have demonstrated
that planting beans with the eyes down
or potatoes with the cut side down, gives
no better stand than promiscuous drop-
The notion that late varieties of peach-
es bloom earlier, or early peaches bloom
later or that seedling peaches are more
hardy than budded is not proved to be
fact by general observation. '
To get the largest yield from a given
area, at the same time increasing the fer-
tility of the soil, is progressive -and in-
tensive farming.





Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla.

Food and Warmth.
The hens now require care, as they
are not capable of existing during a
severe winter and producing eggs at
the same time, if exposed in the tree-
tops, or in the houses with cracks and
crevices, too much food being required
to provide animal heat as a protection
against cold. The first essential to
secure eggs is to keep the hens warm.
Unless this is done, all the food that
may be given will be useless. Open
poultry-houses, in which the cold
winds and dampness enter while the
hens are on the roost, take away the
heat from their bodies as fast as it is
.generated from the food. After pro-
viding against the cold, the next con-
sideration is the food, and it is on the
methods of feeding that success large-
ly depends. One thing the farmers
must learn, and that is not to rely on
grain only. Grain-feeding has done
more harm to the farmers, so far as
producing eggs in winter is concerned,
than may be supposed; not that grain
should be withheld, but that it has
been given too exclusively. There
are substances which may be fed in
connection with grain that will en-
hance its value, because the ration is
then more suitable. Dried blood,
which has long been used as a fertili-
zer, is perhaps the best egg-producing
food known. It contains about ten
per cent of nitrogen, valued at about
fifteen cents a pound of nitrogen. It
is very concentrated, containing only
about thirteen per cent of water.
One pound of dried blood, two
pounds of corn-meal, one pound of
middlings and one-fourth of a pound
of linseed-meal should make an ex.
cellent morning meal for fifty hens.
The mixture should be given every
other morning, allowing cut clover
hay on alternate days. At noon give
a gill of millet-seed, and at night al-
low wheat and corn.-Farm and Fire-

Hatching Too Early.

If pullets are hatched too early they
may molt in the fall, and for that rea-
son it is not the practice to hatch them'
before March. This molting in the
fall, instead of beginning to lay at that
season, is the exception, and not the
rule, but it is better not to hatch ear-
lier. Keep in view the fact, also, that
the large breeds require a longer
time during which to grow than the
small breeds, and that only the pullets
of the large.breeds should be hatched
early. They are intended to come
into service next fall, and then lay
through the winter. Light Brahmas
Cochins and Plymouth Rocks should
be hatched in March, Langshans,
Wyandottes and Minorcas by April
ioth, and Leghorns, Hamburgs and
other small breeds by May ist. The
small breeds sometimes begin to lay
when only five months old, and it is
not always desirable for them to do.
so, as it is at the expense of vigor.
The pullet that does not begin to lay
until November, and then starts at

work, will. probably lay during the
whole winter.-Farm and Fireside.
This is for the latitude of Ohio,
be it remembered.
Leaves for Scratching.
-We often hear a great deal about
leaves-their color, etc. It makes
little difference to poultry what color
the leaves are so long as they are
abundant. Leaves make excellent
scratching material for the poultry
house floor. Straw is often valuable,
but leaves can be had for the trouble
of gathering them. We have often
wished for a dense wood lot near our
poultry buildings. There we would
have nature's scratching floor, and it
is far better than any we could make.
Under such circumstances we would
scatter all our grain feed among the
leaves and say to Biddie: "Root hog
or die."
These make splendid shade during
the summer and a good wind-break
for the winter. The owls could roam
at will except during storms or when
snow covered the ground. We would
keep all our fowls-houses and all-
in the woods, if it wasn't for one
thing, that is, the fondness of the hu-
man race for chicken meat, especially
when it costs nothing to procure.

Turkeys delight to wander in the
woods, especially during the laying
season, and that is the only season
when we try to keep them out, al-
though the nest can readily be found
if one has the time and patience to
cautiously follow the hen. When we
think a turkey has stolen her nest, we
shut all up in a yard until this turkey
becomes uneasy; then we let her out
and she will not waste much time in
going to her nest.
Don't think the barn is the only
place to set the poultry house near.
There are plenty of places on the
farm that are far better.
To select probable layers from the
meat makers: First study the head.
Eggs are the outcome of brain' force.
The laying hen is the nervous animal
always. Heads easily indicate char-
acteristics. Select the long head, not
too full between the eyes, fairly good
in width, and carrying a mild yet im-
pressive eye. A glance over the flock
will indicate the extremes, and it is
with extremes we have to do. Select
also the slimmer and longer neck and
body. It is a machine adapted to a
special purpose which is wanted, and
a very little experience backed by' a
pair of sharp eyes will enable one to
divide the .flocks and make way for
more eggs. The egg-producing hen
is as much a special purpose creation
as the special butter-making cow.
Poultry is valuable to the farmer-
1. Because he ought by their means
to convert a grea- deal of the waste of
his farm into money in the shape of
eggs and chickens for market.'
2. Because with intelligent man-
agement they ought to be all-year
revenue producers, with the exception
of perhaps, two months during the'
moulting period.
3.. Because poultry will yield him
a quicker return for his capital invested,
than any of the other departments of
4. Because the manure from the
poultry house will make a valuable



compost for use in either vegetable
garden or orchard. The birds them-
selves, if allowed to run in plum or a to es
apple orchard, will destroy all injurions
insect life.
5. Because while cereals and fruits Tomatoes, Melons, Cabbage,
can only be successfully grown in cer- Turnips, Lettuce, Peas, Beets,
tain sections, poultry can be raised for Onions, and all Vegetables, re-
table use or layers of eggs in all parts
of the country. move large quantities of Potash
6. Because poultry raising is an from the soil. Supply
employment in which the farmer's
wife and daughters can engage and Ds
leave him free to attend to other de- o tash
7. Because it will bring- the best in liberal quantities by the use
returns in the shape of new-laid eggs
-during the winter season-when the of fertilizers containing not
farmer has most time on his hands less than Io% actual Pot-
8. Because to start poultry raising ash. Better ard more profit-
on the farm requires little or no capi-
tal. Under any circumstances, with able yields are sure to follow.
proper management poultry can be All about Potash-the results of its use by actual ex.
proper ag p y periment on the best farms in the United States-is
made-with little cost-a valuable told in a little book which we publish and will gladly
adjunct to the farm.-Southern Farm. mail fre to any farmer in Americawho will write for it.
adjunct to e arm.-Soutern Farm. GERMAN KALI WORKS, I
U 4 93 Nassau St., New York.
Good Sense.
The poultry editor of Farm and Ranch
gives the following sensible suggestions FAIRVIEW PINERY.
in treating of fads in the poultry busi-
There are a few fundamental principles Phn n0 O
that govern the whole matter of success .... CoIUcu
or failure in poultry raising, as they are
observed or disregarded. Outside of these
is mostly bosh or something equally ab- Pineapple
surd. Good healthy stock to begin with;
clean and comfortable quarters; plenty of P t
good sound food in healthy variety; pure Plant-
water to drink; plenty of dry dust to
wallow in; careful selection of breeders -- om SAlE. 0-
possessing the qualities desired to be per-
petuated, and isolation and disinfection Smooth Cayenne Home Grown
in case of the accidental introduction of Smooth Cayenne Home.GrownII
infectious diseases, and you have the ele- ,
ments of success in a few lines of type
so simple that all can understand and a ABBAKA PLANTS A SPECIALTY.
beginner can thoroughly practice. No *
hospital with trained nurses and stock of F. N. PRICE,
drugs is required. We have never seen a F. N. PRICE
soil so. deficient in lime that hens could
not find material to put shells on their P. 0. Box 449. ORLANDO, FLA.
eggs, and it is rare that a fowl becomes
sick if properly cared for. Hard boiled HOME GROW N
egg is good food for chicks, but not better l0 E GROWN.
than soaked oatmeal, bread crumbs or
dry grits; and we know that fowls do di-
gest their food -rapidly and grow fat i appe Slips
without pounded crockery or glass. And
as for medicines, they do more harm an*n SuIkers
than good in nine cases out of ten. The UUclkIO
general treatment for fowls is similar to Of the Following Varieties
that of any other stock, and should not
be complicated with impractical theo-
ries advanced by writers who wish to fill 1901t, SALE:
a given amount of space for a given sum
of money, or who prefer filling space ABBAKA, PORTO. RICO, EGYPTIAN
with nonsense. a 9 QUEEN, GOLDEN QUEEN, RIPLEY
The Poultry Business. QUEEN, SMOOTH CAYENNE, PER-
Greater than corn, greater than cotton, NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH.
greater than hay, greater than fruit, is
the poultry business in the United States. Apply to .
The sales of poultry and eggs exceed the G. C. MATTHAMS,
sales of any one other product, and it is
practically all consumed at home. The Florida Pineapple Company,
sum total of the industry is over $500,- Or to .
000,000. It is a matter of shame to the A O & MTAS
people of the United States, and particu- MADDOCK & MATTHAMS,
larly to its farmers and suburban resi- West Palm Beach, Fla
dents of the South, that 13,000,000 dozen
eggs have to be imported to supply the
home demand. N RMATION
Thousands of householders in the South INFORMATION GOL
who do not now, might probably keep a orou nameandaddresona stcal we
flock of ten to forty fowls to their ownand wiFlltelyou how to make the best wire fence
village neighbors' advantage, who would on ea horse-high bll-strong and
pay an extra price for fresh eggs. Kitselman Bros. BoxB. Ridgeville, Ind.
Says Mrs. Langston in Farm and
Ranch: To get the fleas off the poultry A MONEY MAKER
I grease them with fried meat grease --t ONu- EYMAbKE
every other day. I find that fresh jimp- toat mounhiedll about ih
son weed bruised and put in the watkr New Poultry uldfor i7.
trough every now and then is a good Ir 1aguBes;Printd nelrdiest ed'rps
preventive for many diseases originating or diseases. Sent ok i5o. if you write now.
in the poultry yard. JOlBS BAUBOGBii., Box 31, ieeport, ll.


State News.

North America derives most of its
supply of vanilla from Mexico and
South America, about 136,00oo pounds
being imported in 1891. As the mar-
ket price of best quality of vanilla
seldom falls below $12 per pound and
the plant begins to bear in three years,
our settlers can form some idea of
what a bonanza they will have when
their vanilla plants come into bearing.
-Biscayne Bay Monthly.
Mr. E. H..Mote will set 1oo acres
in orange grove, 35 of this acreage
has already been set, after an exten-
sive correspondence with nurserymen
all over the State, in the finest varie-
ties of oranges to be had. There are
130 trees to the acre, or 4,520 in
grove. Of this number 150 are
Satsumas budded on trifoliata stock.
Because of the natural fertility of the
soil, and its exemption from severe
frosts, this will make one of the finest
grove properties in the State.-Lees-
burg Commercial.
As an example of what this land
can do, I will say that I met a man
who pays $1oo rent per acre for land
and produced last year $1,200 worth
of celery. He owns the land now. An-
other man paid $6oo for ten acres of
hammock and in tomatoes. netted
$6,750 the first crop. Another man I
met paid $300 for four acres, about
the same amount for clearing and re-
ceived $1,200 for his crop. His was
a tomato crop. He is now planting
in the hills where the plants are to"
grow, no transplanting. These grow-
ers plant from 40,000 to 6o, oo celery
plants to an acre, according to how
free the land is from stumps. Their
favorite varieties are golden self-
bleaching white plume and pink
plume. Prices ranging from $i to
1.40 per bunch of a dozen stalks, on
the dock; though prices are higher
later in the season as Northern celery
is consumed.-Manatee item in Tam-
pa Tribune.
If suggestions from your rural cor-
respondents are in order, would offer
the following plan to checkmate this
vegetable pirate-the water hyacinth:
Let the government have constructed
a strong steel trawl, or seine, with
cutting edges on the lower links, place
the same on a powerful steam vessel
with the necessary machinery and
steam power for working all the de-
tails of the business. Then proceed
to the lower navigable end of the
river and operate toward Jacksonville.
The trawl could be carried out in the
stream by a crane, or other contriv
ance, 25 or 50 feet ahead of the an-
chored vessel, according to the quan-
tity of hyacinths to be removed, then
pulled in and its load of hyacinths
transferred on a slide to a steam vat
on a barge in .the rear. After the
scalding kills the germ, the mass of
vegetable matter could be emptied by
-a lift into a compress, which would
return the large proportion of water to
the river and the dry residue could
be mixed, or not, with' cotton* seed
hulls, and disposed of, either for stock
food or as an ingredient for making
compost or fertilizer.-Eustis Lake

Our Rural Home.

A Use for Old Bits of Silk.
For Our Rural Home.
Since crazy work has gone out of
fashion, we women-folks have been
rather puzzled to know what to do
with our silk scraps, old and new, for
they are continually collecting in the
A neighbor has solved the problem
quite satisfactorily, judging from the
pretty bedside rug she showed me not
long .ago..
You all know how it is knitted-
like mats made from 'Woolen scraps-
with twine, slipping in the silk
bits and knitting in strips about four
inches wide. "You will need all the
old silk you can find about the house,"
she told me, "old handkerchiefs and
mufflers, bits of ribbon, silk stockings,
underwear, and for the predominating
color the old dress or petticoat of
black, brown or grey I dipped all
the white pieces into diamond dye,
old gold and cardinal for brightening
it up; made the most in crazy knitting,
mixing the bright bits in quite evenly,
then knit enough black strips for a
border all around. Isn't it handsome?"

Five Favorite Receipts.
POTATO PJE-May be made by lin-
ing pie-tins with ordinary pie-crust,
and filling with mashed potatoes sea-
soned with a little fried onions and
summer savory. Put on an upper
crust, and bake from twenty to thirty
minutes. Serve hot.
deep, yellow pie-dish with pared
apples sliced very thin; cover with a
substantial crust and bake; when
browned to a turn, slip a knife around
the inner edge, take off the cover and
turn bottom upward on a plate; then
add a generous supply of sugar, cin-
namon and cloves to the apples; mash
all together and spread evenly on the
inserted crust. After grating nutmeg
over it the dish is served cold with
five cupfuls of flour, two cupfuls of
honey, one cupful of butter, one cup-
ful of sweet milk, two teaspoonfuls of
cream of tartar, one teaspoonful of
soda, one pound of raisins, one pound
of currants, half a pound of citron,
one teaspoonful each of cloves, cinna-
mon and nutmeg. Bake in a slow
spoonfuls of cracker or bread crumbs,
a quarter of a pound of deviled ham,
two cupfuls of milk, using a portion
to moisten the ham. Stir in two eggs,
add salt to taste, put into a buttered
bread-pan and bake one hour in a
moderate oven. Serve cold, cut in
thin slices, and garnish with parsley.
mixing one cupful of beef suet, chop-
ped fine, with two cupfuls of flour,
one teaspoonful of salt, mixing them
together with enough water to make a
dough, easily handled. Roll out the
dough and line a buttered pudding-
dish, fill with one pound of beefsteak
and a beef kidney, cut into small

pieces; season with salt and pepper.
Flour a pudding-cloth and tie tightly
over the top of the bowl; immerse in
a kettle of briskly boiling water and
allow the pudding to boil steadily for
from four to five hours. Serve very
hot.-Ladies' Home Journal.
Floor and Furniture.
STAINING A FLOOR.-Please advise
me of a good cheap stain that I can
use on an old floor that is too far gone
to paint. Want to substitute the stain
for paint until new floor can be put in,
say a year or so. Clean wood thor-
oughly with soda and water (no soap).
Mix together Vandyke brown and
burnt sienna (dry), with some glue
size (Y lb. to gallon water); coat floor
with a thin mixture of this, using white-
wash or paint brush, staining wood
evenly. When dry, give coat or two
of floor varnish (ask for this). No use
trying light colored stain on an old
correspondent kindly give directions
for preparing stains to make a new
finish for willow and cane furniture,
mahogany and dark brown colors pre
ferred? Mahogany and walnut stains
come prepared for this purpose, put
up in half pint to quart cans, and may
be had of any paint dealer. Or take
good copal varnish and sufficient burnt
sienna and rose pink to give it a ma-
hogany color, or use burnt umber or
Vandyke brown to make walnut stain.
Apply same as paint or varnish, and,
when dry, give a coat of clear copal
way in which badly tarnished gilt
frames and mats can be restored to a
presentable condition without sending
them away to be regilt] D. Simply
wash them with a small sponge, wet
with hot spirits ot wine or oil of tur-
pentine, not too wet, but sufficiently
to take off dirt and fly marks. One
part of ammonia to three parts of soft
water is also good. Don't wipe, but
let the frames dry of themselves. If
the gilt is worn or not restorable by
washing, regilding is necessary, and
may be done at home by a handy.
person.-Country Gentleman.

Mr. and Mrs. Battenfield of Dela-
ware, Ohi6, came Friday, and are
nicely settled for the winter in the
cottage, on the avenue. They have
an orange grove at City Point, and
were annual visitors.there for ten sea-
sons previous to last winter, when they
went to California. They much pre-
fer the climatic conditions of Florida,
and will never again go to the far
West in search of mild winters, which
are so necessary to Mr. B's. health.-'
Titusville Advocate.
It certainly is a great pity to see the
millions of feet of fine timber going to
waste in the storm section of Levy.,
This is the thought that comes to one
who travels over this territory. Great
mammoth saw logs, long and straight
monarchs of the forest, and prostrate
five and ten deep in some places, and
unless something is done quickly the
loss will be total. The chief trouble
is the inaccessibility of the timber to
transportation..-Levy Times-Demo-

St. Vitus Vanquished.

From Republican-Journal, Ogdensburg, N. Y.
A letter was lately received at the office
of the Republican-Journal from Ham-
mond to the effect that the cure-ef an ex-
traordinarily severe case of St. Vitus'
dance had been effected on the person of
little Stanley Nichol, the eight-year-old
son of Mrs, Charles Nichol of that village.
A reporter was accordingly dispatched
in that direction, who, after some inquiry.
found Mrs. Nichol's residence about a
mile outside of the village. Mrs. Nichol
"A little over a year ago my boy, Stan-
ley Nichol, who is now only eight years
old, alarmed me one day by being taken
with a strange gurgling in his throat. Af-
ter the first the attacks became quite fre-
quent. Stanley did not complain of any
pain. but said that he could not help
making the noise. At that time there
was a New York doctor stopping in the
village who was a specialist on throat and
nasal diseases. I took my son to him,
and, after a careful examination, he said
that there was nothing the matter with
the boy's throat. The gurgling, in his
opinion, was caused by a nervous contrac-
tion of the muscles of the throat. He
asked who our family physician was, and
said that he would consult with him be-
fore he prescribed.
"Stanley rapidly grew worse. He was
always a sickly boy. One day I noticed
that he was jerking his arm up in a very
peculiar manner. A few days later he
seemed to lose control of his legs, first one
and then the other would be pulled up
and then straightened out again. He was
a perfect bundle of nerves, and was rap-
idly losing all control of himself. When
eating at the table or drinking his arm
would often twitch so as to spill what he
was drinking. One day he scared me
terribly by throwing back his head and
rolling his eyes up so that only the white
parts showed. I took him to our family
physician, who prepared some medicine
for him. He took it and commenced to
improve. The dose, however, had to be
increased, and Stanley rebelled against
taking it. It was very disagreeable medi-
cice, and I don't blame the boy for not
wishing to take it.
Our physician went to New York
city on business and while he was away
the medicine became exhausted and we
could get no more. Stanley was still
very bad. About that time I read about
a little girl who had been cured of St.
Vitus' dance by taking Pink Pills. I
thought I would try them and procured
a box. I followed the directions that
came with the pills, and gave only half a
pill at a dose. I did not see much im-
provement and increased the dose to a
whole pill. The effect was noticed in a
day. Stanley immediately commenced
to get better and did not object to taking
the pills as he had the othor medicine.
He took seven boxes of the pills and to-
day appears to be perfectly well. He
discontinued taking them some time ago.
He weighs nearly fifteen pounds more
than he did and is strong and hearty. A
year ago we took him out of school but
he is so much better now that he is going
to begin again this fall."
The reporter interviewed the village
druggist, Mr. George Riley, and he stat-
ed that he had sold Mrs. Nichol a large
number of boxes of Pink Pills and that
he had heard they had cured her son of
St. Vitus' dance. Mr.. Wiley said that he
sold a great many boxes of these pills to
old people who had become nervous and
irritable and they invariably reported
that they were benefited by their use.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain in a
condensed form, all the elements neces-
sary to give new life and richness to the
blood and restore shatted nerves. They
are also a specific for troubles peculiar to
females, such as suppressions, irregulari-





ties and all forms of weakness. They
build up the blood, and restore the glow
of health to pale and sallow cheeks. In
men they effect a radical cure in all cases
arising from mental worry. Pink Pills
are sold in boxes (never in loose bulk) at
- 50 cents a box or six boxes for $2.50, and
may be had of all druggists, or direct by
mail from Dr. Williams' Medicine Com-
pany, Schenectady, N. Y.

A Sure and Safe Remedy in
every case and every kind
of Bowel Complaint is
",n] 000r,


Ribera Pecan Grove and Pecan Nursery,
1 896--1 89 .7-
0,000 SEEDLING PECAN TREES, Two Years Old. from my own Pecans, 15 to 24 inches
high. and many even higher, at $10o. oo per hundred, with liberal discount .in lots of i,ooo and
over. Terms, Cash with order. Shipment as directed. Transit charges to be paid by purchaser
on receipt. No responsibility after shipment.
Box 4, Bagdad, Florida. ARTHUR BROWN.

Who Shall He Be? This is a true statement and HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE
The Agricultural Press of the country it can't be made too strong
in view of past experience, are consider- o t e atic
ally exercised over the above question or too emphatic.
and do not want, as in the Harrison and
Cleveland administrations, a lawyer poli- It is a simple, safe and quick I
iician, without a practical knowledge of cure for
farming, and whose chief recommenda- I Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden-Seed
Stein was service in the campaign. Oramp5, 0gh, ellnmatia, 1,000ooo biushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats,:75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
The fact that when the President-elect 0olio, Co0ld, 0 Neuralgia, pound; Rescue Grass, 30 cents per pound.
Swas at the head of the Ways and Means Diarrhcea, Croup, Toothache
Committee, he gave the farmers' commit- P .F WIL SN
tees as respectful hearing and as fall con- Two sizes, 25c. and 500. y M A
sideration as the richest manufacturers,
: give the farmers confidence in him and, Keep it by you. Beware of GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA.
as he goes into the presidential chair free Imitations. Buy only the
future, as in the past, deal fairly with the enuine-Perry Davis'. were many quiet feasts at all sorts of
farmers interests by consulting the wishes 0BoM 3rywhrem. hours in that neighborhood. And it
of that class in the selection of the Secre- cattleme to pass that the cabinet s in other MiKE YOUR MEAT WITH
: tary of Agriculture. ,r)OOOO@OOOOQ settlements learned that too much corn, TsAUSSMK
ta of Agriculture. e potatoes, beans and such caused pigs to AUSERS LIQUID EXTRAC MK
history of the past two administrations bleed at the throat, and the Lords, ot LAR.E.KRAUSER&BRO.MILTON.PA.
in relation to the Secretary of Agriculture cles in the way of a restoration o busi hufinding their suspectigs and cales when th y
says: ness, and if the good times of 1890-92 are thu stock kept farther auway from the a "UP.70-DATE"
President McKinley cannot afford to restored, the currency policy of the suc- settlements, and the cabiners' truck
make any such mistake. We know he cessful patty will be accepted. Class patches were saved.
earnestly desires not to do so. His entire distinction and sectionalism should be ates ee save
record in Congress and as Governor of buried so deeply that they will not be The Parable of the Trucker. A
Ohio proves that he has a broad under- issues in another campaign. e Parable o te rcke. 7.00ttfor 6.ExprS
standing of the magnitude of the agrcul- in And it came to pass that a certain man paid. i spraa acre orchard
tural interests and a strong desire to pro- Pete and Jake who had laid up against a ainy day an edormon refunded. t'd Catalogueand
mote them. The farmers believe this. hundred pieces of silver, once said unto Treatise on praying free. Agts wanted. Ex-
This belief on their part kept them in or The land of Iola is a goodly land where his wife: "Now that I have the where- cusiveterritory given. Rapsellers. Many
brought them into the party by the thou- poor people have gone for health and withal, I will invest it that it may in- of our aents are making from 10 to 15per,.
sands. They expect that be will choose comfort. The government allowed them crease and multiply and return unto me
a man for Secretary who shall really rer- homesteads on which they built cabins again." 40 WEST BAY STREET.
resent them in the Cabinet, both by his and raised corn and potatoes for their So he went into the market-place and .
thorough knowledge and his earnest children. Others went there to raise bought tomato and cabbage seed, and Dr, XI. UONNliJL Dnl8
fellow-feeling, cattle and hogs. They gained in wealth when he had tilled the soil he sowed the '
Whoever is selected for this position, and in influence and became the Lords seed therein. And the rains descended (Graduate Dental Department University
let it be a man from the agricultural of the land. It came to pass after a time so that the seed did grow and bear fruit, of Maryland )
ranks, a true representative of that class, that the cattle. and hogs of the Lords in- some thirty, some sixty and some an Bridging and Crowning a Specialty and all other
We would call Mr. McKinley's attention truded on the ground of the cabiners. hundred fold. wo m Residence, 304 West Ashley Street.
to the claim of the farmers upon this The cabiners drove them off with dogs, And when the harvest time was com Residence, 3e,4 est Ashley Street.
office. It belongs to them, and no politi- and sometimes the dogs bit the hogs. he went into the field and gathered his
cal debt should ever be paid with it un- This displeased the Lords and they put tomatoes, and his cabbage and packed j. TEEKLIER HEEDl EO., linlted,
less it can be done incidentally. It is their heads together and made a law al- them also in boxes.
unlike any other position in the cabinet, lowing their stock to intrude on the land And on that self same day likewise he MARY T. FROTSCHER, President,
It has no governmental function. Its of the cabiners, and providing penalties delivered them up to a certain railroad successors to
business is to foster the great foundation if the dogs of the cabiners should bite which did run near unto his house. And Richard Frotscher's Gravier Street Branch Store,
industry of the country and thus promote them while on their land. the railroad man carried his goods to Nos. 518 and 520 Graviei St., New Orleans, La.
its material welfare.' To make it serve This brought fear upon the cabinets, market and sold them even for a large poGardrters and dealers in Fclover, bulbs,Fiseed anpo
this purpose it must have a man at its for the Lords were watchful, and so the price. tatoes and fruit trees in their season, Conducted
head who has been identified with agri- hogs devoured the potatoes and corn of And when the man heard that thing by reves ofthe late Richard Frotser. order
culture all his life, who knows what it the cabiners, and their children were his soul was filled with gladness so that through Richard Frotseher's manual of o896 or
needs; who earnestly desires its prosper- hungry. he lifted up his voice and said "Truly
ity, and who has the ability to give wise Jake and Pete went forth in the dusk this is biz I "
counsel to the President and to manage of the evening to shoot rabbits for their But it came to pass that the railroad much so that his gentle wife did quote
the department so as to secure the largest hungry children. Jake found a nice fat man kept the money for himself as the unto him this commandment: "Thou
and happiest results. No mere politician pig lying dead with the warm blood price of carrying them to make, and re- shalt not take the name of the Lord thy
can do this, and to place one in this fresh running from his throat, He call- turned unto the trucker only a few paltry God in vain for the Lord will not hold
position is simply to slap the farmers in ed Pete. Pete said that was one of the shekels. And when he received these him guiltless that taketh his name in
the face and to a great extent lose their gang that rooted up his potatoes. Jake tidings he was exceeding wroth, and vain."
cordial and sympathetic support. said if they left it there'the coons and bitter were his lamentations. Even so Then departed he out of the house,
We endure the sentiments expressed 'possums would eat it before morning Ho'seven as far as the bar; and when he
by the Ohio Farmer, in that this Cabinet and it would do the owners no good but Hows s had kicked himself soundly, he bewailed
position should be filled by some one if he took it home it would make nice We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward his misfortune in these words: "Behold,
whilly competent and whose interests food for his hungry wife and children, so for any case of Catarrh that can not be I have toiled in sunshine and storm, in
are completely identified with the farm- he put it in his bag. Pete said there cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. springtime and harvest, and nothing
ing interests of the country, and whose were more in the gang and maybe he F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo, now remains to me of all my labor. But
knowledge will not have to be acquired could find one, and they found another Ohio. my bright shekels have gone to the rail-
second hand. warm and bleeding. Pete said if they We the undersigned, have known F. J. road man, where they jingle in his pock-
We believe that Mr. McKinley com- left the pig there the owner would never Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe ets even to this hour.-So. Ruralist.
prehends as few men do, the interests o find it, and it was no more wrong to take him perfectly honorable in all business ould of Ohio sa we are learn-
the whole people and that as a general it home and make it help supply the transactions and financially able to carry John Gould of Ohio says, we are learn
rule no class or section can be harmed or waste that it had caused than to let it lie out any obligations made by their firm. ing that an acre of good ensilage will
benefitted without the whole body politic there for his dog to eat, and so he put it West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists, To- winter two cows, while byres o ur old plan,
bcing correspondingly affected, and that into his bag. ledo, 0., Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, it required two acres of corn to supply a
it will be his aim to seek equally the On the morrow Jake and Pete made a Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio. cow with a winter's picnic, and impov-
interest of all classes and conditions, as feast and invited their trusty friends and Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, erished her owner buying feed besides.
fully the interests of those who honestly when they related how they found the acting directly upon the blood and mu- Now we, with our ensilage, never feed to
differed from him in the late campaign, pigs, and their friends found how good cous surfaces of the system. Price, 75c. exceed five pounds of bran shorts a day
as of those to whom he owed his selec- potato and new corn fed pigs were they per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testi- per cow. Two cows to an acre is the
Stion. said they would hunt and mayhap they monials free. ind of economy the Southern farmer
It should be the work of a united peo- might find some pigs that had eaten so In pruning the grape allow five canes wants to get on to, and those two cows
ple to accept the situation, abandon much corn and potatoes that they had to or vines to each post, cutting back every had better be Jerseys or Holsteins than
politics for the present, throw no obsta- lie down and bleed to death. And there year. scrubs.




Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower,

A Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main
Street, Tacksonville. Fla.

For One Year..............................52.0oo
For Six Months............................. I.00
In Foreign Countries ..................... 3.00
;'NSubscriptions in all cases cash in
advance. 'No discount allowed on one's
own subscription (except in a club), but to
all agents a liberal cash commission will
be allowed on all subscriptions obtained
by them. Write for terms.
To every new subscriber we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden-
ing in Florida." For two new sub-
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange
Rates of advertising on application.
Remittances should be made by check,
postal note, money order or registered
letter to order of
Jacksonville, Pla.


Lying Fallow-Humus and its Relation to
Soil Fertility-Old Hens and Pullets......
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Hardy Palms in Flor-
ida, No. -Letter from Major Campbell..
The Satsuma Orange Tree................
Letter from the Sub-Peninsula ...........
PINERY--Letter from Polk County-Pineap-
ples in California-Budding the Mango
TOBAccO-Is a Revolution Impending -in Ci-
gar Leaf Tobacco Culture ?................
FARMER AND TRUCKER--Pedigree Strawber-
ry Plants-Farmers' Clubs ...............
POULTRY-Food and Warmth-Hatching Too
Early-Leaves for Scratching- -Good Sense
-The Poultry Business...................
OUR RURAL HOME-Use for Old Bits of Silk
-Five Favorite Receipts-Floor and Fur-
niture .............. ... .....................
State News ................................
Secretary of Agriculture-Pete and Jake
-The Parable of the Trucker ............
]DITORTAL-Sell at Home-Intelligent Cul-
ture of Sea Island Cotton-Ramie-Lite-
rary and Artistic-Royal Palm Nurseries
Markets--Potash in Agriculture ..........
A Bad Year .... ..................
W. F. Massey on Peach Culture...........
SCan be Made to Pay ..... ...............










Weather in Jacksonville.
Week Ending Jan. 25, 1897


Jan. 9 ........
Dec. 20 ........
Dec. 21 .....
Jan 22 ........
Jan. 23........
Jan. 24 ........
Jan. 25 ........
Mean .........









* .32

*Total rainfall. T -Trace.
A. J. MITOHELL, Observer.

A Jacksonville fertilizer merchant,
who has just returned from Sanibel Is-
land, on the west coast, says that one
year ago the island had a population
of only thirty or forty, while now it has
about six hundred, and the area in veg-
etables has increased in proportion. A
writer in the Tampa Tribune drove out
..one day in the region round about Pal-
metto, on the Manatee rtver, and esti-
mates that he passed within sight of
over two thousand people, mostly en-

gaged in planting or cultivating vege-
tables and fruits. They live in all kinds
of dwellings, from hastily constructed
palmetto shanties to elegant cottages.
It is a splendid, rich hammock region,
and already a narrow guage railroad is
required to convey the vegetables to
the Palmetto docks. Two large farms
employ forty to fifty men each.
1 0
Sell at Home.
The following from an essay by the
editor of the California Fruit-Grower,
are eminently words of wisdom :
As a rule the plan of selling at
home for cash is not only the most de-
sirable, but the most profitable from a
grower's standpoint. It is not wise try.
ing to make all there is in the fruit
business yourself, but encourage buy-
ers, shippers and car line companies
by selling to them at home for cash,
at reasonable prices, and allow them
to take the shipping risks and make
some of the profits. Show -me the
grower-shipper who has made money.
one year with another, shipping his
fruit to distant markets, and I will
show you a hundred that have made
heavy losses in place of profits ; while
the grower who has adhered closely to
the f. o. b. selling plan and received
his cash, has made and accumulated
Intelligent Culture of Sea Island
It is a circumstance to be regretted
that the cultivation of this valuable
staple has, since the orange growing
"boom" set in twenty years ago or
such a matter, been allowed to fall
largely into the hands of negro ten-
ants. In an elaborate monograph on
the cotton plant by Prof Chas. W.
Dabney, U. S. Assistant Secretary of
Agriculture, it is shown that this pro-
cess of deterioration had begun in
South Carolina at a still earlier
It had seemed for many years that
the islands on the South Carolina coast
possessed a natural monopoly for the
production of the finest staple. At
that time the culture was conducted
under the superintendence of men of
high intelligence, and the selection of
the seed and the cultivation and
preparation of the crop for market
was attended to with great skill and
the most scrupulous care. At present
it is chiefly in the hands of small farm-
ers of the colored race, whose intelli-
gence, skill, and care are wholly
occupied in securing a bare subsis-
tence for themselves. It is doubtful
if there is any local monopoly of the
production of long-staple cotton. It
has been grown successfully in the
up-country, more than one hundred
miles from the coast, and all of the
seed from which the finest Sea Island
cotton have been derived came from
seed planted in the interior of South
Carolina, for several years, during the
late war.
When in Florida the culture of this
fine staple is restored to the intelligent
class who originally practiced it, that
is, the present orange-growers, there
is good reason for believing that not
only may the texture and quality of
the fiber may be much improved, but
that the business of growing it may be
made much more profitable.

Several of our English exchanges
have lately made prominent mention
of a new decorticating and degum-
ming process for ramie, from one of
which we made a liberal extract last
week. It described a visit to the fac-
tory of the Ramie Syndicate at Wrays-
bury, a few miles drive out from Lon-
don, on the Thames river. We hope
that all our readers who are interested
perused this article, or will turn back
and do so now.
This journal has heretofore stead
lastly resisted all attempts of selfishly
interested parties to work up a ficiti-
tious ramiee boom," for we have not
believed that the time was ripe for it.
There seemed to be such insuperable
difficulties in the way of preparing and
manufacturing this fibre, (though a
product which is truly wonderful for
its strength and beauty) that we did
not believe there was any encourage-
rnent for Florda farmers to enter in-
to the cultivation of ramie.

fully and cheaply manipulated it will
soon be grown on a large scale in
many tropical and semi-tropical land:
and when that time comes it will pa
to grow it in Florida only on soil
which do not require much fertilizer.
It will be a staple and not an articlck
of luxury, which must always be
Florida's strong hold.

Literary and Artistic.
The characteristic menu of up-to-date
articles on interesting subjects, first-class
stories and copious and handsome illus-
trations, is furnished in the February
number of Demorest's Magazine. Col-
lectors and admirers of Indian curios
will find a great treat in the leading arti-
cle, "The Lost Art of Indian Basketry,"
which gives much curious information
about the beautiful baskets, now so rare,
made by the American Indians, and the
illustrations show specimens far exceed- i
ing in beauty the collection in the Na-
tional Museum at Washington. Other
handsomely illustrated articles are "Pope
Leo XIII and the Vatican," and "Niag-
ara in Winter; a paper on "The great
American Evangelists," embellished with

poruraitsr 1 of ovu.OOy auu oaukey,. auu
Now, however, under the implied paper by Moody "How to Reach
endorsement of such journals as the Non-Churchgoers," give pleasant vari-
London Times and the Whitehall Re- ety; while stories by Mrs. W. K. Clifford, -
view-in the full particulars which Grace MacGowan Cooke and Will N. 1
they publish of an apparentlysuccess- Harben, and poems by Madeline S.,
they publish of an apparently success- Bridges, Edgar Fawcett, Joel Benton and
ful method of treatment-we feel that Harriet Francene Crocker, impart addi-
the ramie question takes on a new and tional brightness to the literary feast.y
very different complexion. The only The numerous departments for which
problem now is, it seems to us, as to this magazine is noted are replete with
whether the soils and climate of Flor- good things, and the fashions are, as,
whether the soils and cmate o lor- usual, modish and practical, and, best of,
ida are sufficiently adapted to this tex- all, patterns of them can be obtained at a
tile to warrant farmers in engaging in nominal price. *
its culture with the hope ot profit. Every one who will cut out this notice
In the soils of Middle Florida there and forward it with ten cents to the ad-
Sno .doubt that it can be grown to dress below will receive a sample copy
is nodoubt that it can be grown to of Demorest's Magazine, containing a'
advantage. In a late letter to us. Pattern Order, which entitles the holder
Hon. L. B. Wombwell, State Com- to any patterns illustrated in any num-
missioner of Agriculture, says: ber of the Magazine published during
Sthe last twelve months, at the uniform
'Ramie has been grown in Leon price of four cents each. Over thirty
county for upwards of fifteen years; patterns are frequently illustrated in one
not that it has been put to useful pur number, thus affording.an almost unlim-
pose, but in the confident expectation ited variety to select from. Demorest's
that a cheap and efficient method is published for $2 a year by the Demor-
would be devised and invented fo est Publishing Company, 110 Fifth
would be devised and invented for avenue, New York.
decorticating it, and preparing it tor
commerce. Col. John S. Winthrop
and Col. John Bradford, both of this Royal Palm Nurseries. -
county, have grown it as above stated. The annual catalogue of this flourish
It matures two full crops each season, ing establishment for 1897 is upon our ta-
ble. It is an institution of" which the
and its yield per acre is very large- State may well be proud. While its range.
near twenty tons. It grows very of vegetation, as depicted in the frontis-
thick, and will attain the height of piece and throughout its sixty densely.
four to eight feet, depending upon the filled pages, is the most tropical and gor;,
quality of soil. It is claimed also, geous that can be seen in Florida-fairly-
i claimed also, rivaling the splendors of opulent India-i
that the leaves contain a large per the business management seems to be con -:
centage of potash, and that in that ducted with thorough energy and pro
way it will hold if not increase the dence. It is a happy union of Anglo-Sax-i^
fertility of the soil producing it, by on thrift and oriental landscape grandeuin
permitting the leaves to fall to the merely to read thishandsome publication
is almost like a perusal of Arabian Night
ground, and decay-making humus." Entertainments;everydepartmentheading
Doubtless ramie would grow to ad- is prefaced with a choice except from suc.,
vantage in the rich hammocks of the classical writers as Charles Kingle
peninsula, but we doubt whether it Mayne Reid, etc. And as a guarantee
will ever pay to attempt it on pineof the scientific accuracy of the descrin
will ever pay toattempt it on pine tions many quotations are given from th-
lands. A recent official report from best botanical authorities and from Floi
Mexico states that the Minister of ida horticulturists of note.
Public Works, after enquiring into the This is a publication which the reader
matter, came to the conclusion that should by no means throw aside after
the planter, after extracting the fibre hasty glance. It is a condensed tropic
and stripping the stems by hand labor, Bros., Oneco, ndfor acopy to R
is, even now, able to realize 145 per l.
cent. on his working capital. ;In Do you-raise small fruits? No? Don
Borneo, presumably because of the know just how to get at it? The Runr"
cheapness of labor, the profit, in simi. New Yorker will give you information
lar circumstances, amounts to 250 per about it every week in the year for onl
cent. The soils of Mexico and Bor- $1, and your money ack isn ed.thr
neo are very, rich and their labor is can send it and THE FARMER AND FRuIn
very cheap. If ramie can be success- GRowER both one year for $2.50. 4u,







Corrected by Marx Bros.
These are average quotations. Extra choice
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
lots selllower.
Florida Oranges ... .wanted........ 3.00 to 3.50
Apples .......................... bbl 2.00 to 2.50o
Pines, ...................... crate 4.00
Lemons, Messina............... box 3.25
English Peas, dried ..............bu 1.50
Peanuts, best brand............... 04 to .
Cabbage, Florida,...............each .07%
Potatoes, Burbank........ ........bbl 1.75
.............5 barrel lots .65
.................. sack 1.45
..............5sacklots I.40
N.Y. Early Rose, seed.. .,85
Maine early rose 2.00
Maine hebron .25
Maine peerless ." 0oo
Dakota reds 2.00
Onions, N.Y......................bbl 3.75
Peas, black eye, ..............bushel .50
brown-eye....... .......bu 1.25
clay ................ .....bu 1.25
Whippoorwill ...............bn 1.50
Turnips, N.Y ................. bbl 1 50
Beets........................bbl 2.00
Parsnips,........ ...............bbl 2.50
Carrots ........................ bbl 2.50
Eggs ........ ...........- doz .15

Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
Yellow Yams, ................ bush .30 to 35
'Sweet Potatoes ................... 25 to .30
Hubbard squash, ................bbl 1.50
Lettuce, .. .....................doz no demand.
-Celery ........ ........... .... .Soto .35
Egg Plants..................... bbl .50
Tomatoes, .............. crates i.5o to 2.00
Sweet Pepper,.. ............ bu .50
Green Beans................. crate to 25
-Pumpkins, .................. each .o5 10to .io
Kershaws, .... ..... ..........each .o3to .Io
Parsley, ...........per doz. bunches .20
Green onions,..... per doz. bunches 15
Pepper, hot.................. bushel .75
Sage, well cured ................... b .25
,Hens.... -. _..--. -- ...-. 30
Roosters... -...-. ...... -- .. -25
Half-grown.......... .... 5to .20
Turkeys, ........per pound, gross o
'Dicks ......- .......- ........ .25 to .30
Geese ........................... 35 to .40
Leeks ............per doz bunches. 25
Radishes, .................per doz no demand.
Cucumbers, ................... crate 2.00 to 2.50
Spinach, .................per bushel .75
Cabbage, Florida. ................... 04to .o6
Salsify,.......... per dozen bunches none.
Cauliflower ...................... per bbl 3 oo
Green peas, ................. crate 2.00
Turnips ................ bunch no demand
Florida Honey,.......pound section .20
Pecans, Florida......... ......pound .08 to .09
New Potatoes .............bushel .00oo to 1.25
.Water-Cress ........... doz. bunches .25


Quail........ ............. each .Io
Doves ........................ each .o5
Squirrels....................... each .06 to .o8
Wild Ducks ................. each .15 to .25
Wild Turkeys................... each .75 to .0oo
Rabbits.......... ........... each .
New York Market.

Florida, fancy, 4.50 to 5.00; Usual lots
3.50 to 4.00; Russet, prime, 3.50 to 4.00 -
Tangerines, Florida, 8.00 to 10.00; Man-
dlarins, Florida, 4.00 to 7.00; Grape fruit,
Florida, 4.00 to 9.00. Strawberries,
S Florida, refrigerator, choice, per qt 40 to
50; Express open crates, 25 to 40.
'Beets, Florida, new, per bush. crate, 40 to
50; per 100 bunches, 2,00 to 4.00; Charles-
ton, 3.00 to 4.00; Bermuda, per crate, 60
to 75. Cabbages, per 100, 3.00 to 4.00.
Egg plants, Florida, per J bbl. box, 1.25
to 2.25; per bbl, 2.50 to 4.50. Lettuce,
Florida, per I bbl basket, 50 to 1.25;
Onions, Havana, per box, 2.50 to 3.00;
Bermuda, 2.00 to 2.50. Peas, Florida,per
crate, 1.50 to 4.00. Peppers, Florida, per
crate or carrier, 1.00 to 2.00. Squash,
Florida, white, per crate, 2.00 to 3.00.
String beans, Florida, wax, per crate 2.00
to .3.50; express, 2.50 to 3.00; green,
freight 2.50 to 3.00. Tomatoes, southern
Florida, per carrier 1.00 to 2.50.

Hoarseness are immediately relieved by
"Brown's Brneh ial Troches." Have
them always ready.

Buffalo Market.
In good supply, most all kinds; Val-
encias quite plenty. Jamaicas per box
3 to 3.25; Jamaicas repacked per barrel,
5 to 5.25; original packages sound, 3.50 to
4.00; Florida Brights, 3.50 to 3.75; Rus-
sets, 3.15 to 3.50; California Navel, 3 to
3.50; Oranges Mexican, 2.75 to 3.25; Val-
encias 714 cases, 3.50 to 3.75; Valencias
420 case, 3.25 to 3.50; Grape fruit per
box, 6.00 to 7.00. Cabbage per 100 as to
size, 2 to 3.00; hot house lettuce per
basket, 12 to 15.00; Southern hamper,1.10
to 1.25; large barrel, 4 to 6.00; tomatoes
Southern 6 bas carrier, 2 to 3.50.

St. Louis Market.
Oranges-Mexican at 2.50 to 3.00; Cal-
ifornia, navels 3.25 to 3.50, seedlings 2.25
to 2.75; Florida golden russet 2.50 to 3.00;
Pineapples-Florida half crates at 2.50 to
2.75. Tomatoes-Florida 2.00 to 2.75, per
6-basket crate (select on orders higher);
California 2.00 per 4-basket crate. Let-
tuce-Scarce and higher; Choice Louisi-
ana 4.00 to 4.25 per barrel; Florida 1.50
to 1.75 half-brl hamper. Egg Plant-
Scarce and firm. Florida 1.75 to 2.00 per
orange box, 5.00 to 6.00 per sugar brl.
Cucumbers-Scarce; Florida 6-basket
crates and bu bxs 3.00; Fancy hot-house
2.50 per dozen.
The early Southern shipments- the
great variety of early products, which
sold so well in former years and so eagerly
sought by receivers in every Northern
market-no longer interests the trade as
they formerly did. so steadily have tl e
receipts of all this early stuff increased,
coming, as they do now, from such a
broader area, that the freight charges
cannot always be had. Such crops have
more than doubled in volume in Florida
alone the past few years. Louisiana, too,
has largely increased her acreage, also
Texas, especially at many points along
the Gulf coast. Fine prices at any sea-
son of the year for any of these very
early shipments seems to be gone for
ever, for they now come through the
year from some section of Uncle Sam's
broad domain.
The Florida cabbage crop has begun to
move surprisingly early. A number of
cars are now en route to the big markets
of the country-St Louis among them.
The freight charges from Florida are re-
garded generally as unreasonably high.
Such figures as 75 cents to $1 per crate,
or an average of about 88 cents per 100
pounds, might be over looked in flush
times, but when many products of the
farm have to be disposed of at a little
more than the freight charges the situa-
tion is different. However the ruling
prices here now afford the Florida peo-
ple a fair margin. Florida is now credi-
ted with the best cabbage grown in the
United States.

"Potash in Agriculture."
is the title of a pamphlet, published by
the German Kali Works, No. 93 Nassau
Street, New York, N. Y. This book is
known to many of our readers from its
fiest edition, published a few years ago.
The second edition contains many valu-
able improvements.
The contents embody a collection of
results obtained with fertilizers at our
Experiment Stations. It would appear
from these conclusions that many brands
of fertilizers now on the market do not
contain as much potash as they should
for the production of the best results. It
would certainly pay every farmer to
write for a copy of this book, which we
understand is sent free.
In a personal letter a correspondent
says: Why does not THE FLORIDA FAR-
MER AND FRUIT GROWER stir up the or-
ange and vegetable growers to the im-
portance of the tariff question, which is
under consideration by the Congressional
Committee? We will get left out in the
cold, I fear, unless California saves us.


The Oldest National Bank in the State.
By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.
We buy and aell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
drafts on all parts of the world.
We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that yoni
favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention
President. Cashier.
Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.


At Prices to Suit the Times.
Tomato, all varieties per lb. $1.50 Peas, early varieties per bu. $3.00
Dwarf Champion per lb. 1.75 American Wonder per bu. 4.00
Squash . . per lb. 40 Turnip Seed. .. . per lb.. 30
Cucumber ... . per lb. 40 Corn, field varieties per bu. 1.60
Beans, Valentine & Refugee per bu. 2.90 Sugar, varieties per bu. 2.25
Wax . . per bu. 3.25 O Send for price-list.
All Seeds from best growers in United States and Europe.
L. CAMERON, SEEDSMAN, Jacksonville, Fla.

I mjR "T FII3 Acknowledged superior to all othermiaterials used
for similar purposes. Sold by the pound. If you
never saw it, get a sample'and quotations.

We receive hysterical appeals from the
publishers of cheap periodical "litera-
ture" of the dime 'novel order to throw
the influence of this journal against the
Loud bill which has passed the House,
depriving that class of publications of the
privileges of the cent-a-pound postage
rates. There is one paragraph in the bill
which is objectionable, and ought to be
stricken out in the Senate, but all the
rest of it meets our approval.

Give the hogs full range of the farm,
and a chance occasionally to slip around
and upset a soap barrel or slop pail and
crack the fruit pits, craunch the soup
bones, root up the garden, rob the
chicken coop, and forage on your neigh-
bors' crops. It' is conducive to peace of
mind perhaps, and to good fellowship be-
tween neighbors. But the Ruralist sug-
gests a better way.
The best mutton lambs are a cross be-
tween the Southdown and the Merino.
The South should furnish the Northern
markets with spring lambs one to two
months in advance of the Northern
"The sheep has a golden hoof." Where
it forages, fertility is restored to the
lands. Sheep raising is worthy of more
attention on the Southern farm.
A Connecticut friend sends the follow-
ing advice as to the best way to prevent
hard times to the Rural New Yorker:
Always pay spot cash,
And never get trusted,
It prevents any crash,
And you can't be busted.
Our readers will now want to know how
to get "'spot cash" without any spots
on it.
It is a very economical practice to have
firewood always dry, even when it costs
nothing excepts the cutting. The loss of
time and temper in tr3 ing to start fires
with wet, soggy wood will amount to con-
derable in the course of a winter.
A scrub is a double taxer. You are
taxed for keeping her, and she taxes your
pocketbook to keep her in food. '
The surplus rooster gives a scare crow.
That is, its crow ought to scare you at the
thought of the useless food going down
its throat.

Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. Rejteldl.

Commission Merchants
AND-- .

Fruit Auctioneers
141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pfa.
We handle all kinds of Friiits ant-Vegetables,
either at private sale (which has;ieretofore been
our custom) or by the auction. system recentlyy
added to our business) as yvu may desire.

VVV'V A- n y.

In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
etables shipped to us is our mottoZ" WE
BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
by our 40 years experience without default-
ing a dollar. Enquirees to our standing 4
and financial stability which any bank or
merchants'having mercantile reports can
verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
your name for our quotations. Stencil andi
cards free. Letters promptly answered. 4

1. 16 Warren St., New'York.
ESTABLISHED .155. >a 4
'> -- .-* 'F '

The Rawls-Williams Company,

a Specialty.
I Domeitic and Foreign Fruits in season.
Hay, Grain, Flour and Canned Goods.
Blone~L Returns Guaranteed same day of sale.
Consignments solicited. Give us a trial
We will be pleased to send you our Quotations
on application.
Offices and Salesroom, 59o and 502 West Bay St.
Warehouses, F.C. & P.Yards, Jacksonville, Fla.




r -

A Bad Year.
Messrs. Somers, Bro. & Co., of Pitts
burg, thus sum up the year 1896:
This year's transactions in fruits and
produce, particularly in the last half,
were far from being profitable or satis-
factory, either to shippers or sellers,
The steady shrinkage in values and in
the volume of trade since July was
most pronounced in this line, perhaps,
and most keenly felt, because produc-
tion had been stimulated to an unex-
ampled degree, and the soil had
responded to the industry of husband-
ry with the most bounteous crops
known. Supplies, in consequence,
were always liberal or excessive, and
the pressure to sell unremitting. On
the other hand, the expense of grow-
ing, handling, transporting and market-
ing produce, instead of being lessened,
was the same, or greater, than in pre-
vious years, when outlets were larger
and freer and prices better.
But the most demoralizing and de-
structive factor which legitimate trade
has encountered here this year (and it
has been felt to a greater or less extent
in every important market) was the
"squatter" or will-'o-the-wisp "commis-
sion merchant," who emerges from ob-
scurity and quietly disappears therein
after a brief but energetic career of
slaughter and theft, or who, having
plied his vocation of robbery under one
name or title, as "John Smith" or the
"Universal Produce Co," until his
duped shippers become clamorous and
the situation threatening, simply
changes his firm title to "William
Jones" or the "Provident Commission
Co.," and enters upon a new career of
deception, fraud and conquest. There
are "commission merchants" here who
have operated under all the aliases in
the vocabulary, who have misled and
outraged the same shippers over and
over again, and who are likely to con-
tinue along in the same course indefi-
The great abundance of everything,
and the universal anxiety to find out-
lets, caused producers and shippers to
relax much of their usual caution, and
presented the opportunity which ras-
cals were quick to discover and de-
velop. They germinated in secrecy
and darkness, and they multiplied so
rapidly that soon the city literally
swarmed with them. Their nefarious
operations had a most blighting effect,
.causing gluts, unsettling and depress-
ing values, and imposing unnecessary
and unnatural hardships on every
shipper to the market. By fictitious
quotations and. exaggerated advices
they kept goods coming which were
not wanted, selling them at any prices
and in most cases appropriating the
proceeds, while the shipper got little,
if anything. Respectable houses,
striving to retain their reputation and
standing, found themselves hopelessly
handicapped. They must either enter
into competition with these irrespon-
sible adventurers and duplicate their
prices, or watch their goods go to
waste: in either case the result was the
same-censure from the disappointed
shipper who had been accustomed to
more satisfactory treatment- at their
hands. They were powerless to check
or stop the evil, because the prey of
the "squatter" was easy and appar-
ently inexhaustible.








19 lbs.--K eatinig --19 lbs.

"0Se days ahead of thxema an.ix

Art Catalogue 4 cents in Stamps.


We have spoken of this class of
crooked operators in the past tense, but
it is not to be assumed that they are
a past number or an extinct cult.
Indeed the Mercantile Journal, in a
late issue, said there are more /"com-
mission merchants" here now than
ever before. They will remain in the
field, and their shameless practices
will not be abated, until shippers
make it an undeviating rule to thor-
oughly investigate, through disinter-
ested and reliable sources, the ante
cedents and methods of so-called
commission merchants before consign-
ing them goods.
Reading about their resemblance in
flavor of the .Yalaha and Rio coffee,
I was induced, out of curiosity, to give
it a trial, I gathered a sufficiency of

the saw palmetto berries, cleaned them
of the outer skins, parched whole, then
ground and treated the same as for
making regular coffee, milk and sugar
being added. The familiar aroma of
coffee decided several to partake, and
the substitute was pronounced perfect.
Two participants, being old Confeder-
ates, moved forthwith that their thanks
be tendered Mrs. Phares, the discover-
er, for what might have been used dur-
ing the war.-Orange Bend item in
Eustis Lake Region.
The Owl Cigar Company has very
recently doubled its capacity in the
Fuller's earth business neat Quincy.
The same industry will soon be ex-
tensively engaged in and developed
by a Louisville (Ky.) firm in the west-
ern portion of the county.

B ;

The Standard of Excellence.
Send for-Catalogue and Prices from First -Hands.
So /7/ Af#F CS. Prf RSBUR GVA.


Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive
Florida Central and Peninsular
New York to Jacksonville by
New Florida Pennsylvania R. to Wash-
and ington, Southern Railway to
Northern Columbia, Florida Central &o"
Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
points in Florida.
Cincinnati to Harriman Juno-
Cincinnati, tion by Queen & Crescent,
Harriman Junction to Ashe-
Asheville & ville and Columbia by South-
ern Railway, and Florida
Jacksonville Central & Pensnsular-Colum-
J bia to Jacksonville.
Cincinnati to Jacksonville by-
Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chatta-
and nooga, Southern R'y to Ever-
Florida ette, Florida Central & Penin-
Limited. sular to all important Florida
Kansas .ity Kansas City, Fort Scott &
ansad y Memphis R. to Kansas City,
Jackso'ille to Birmingham, Southern Ry
Thro' Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
Peninsular to all Fla. points.
St. Louis to Jacksonville by
Cairo Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gs Illinois Central to Holly Bp'gs,"-
Route. Kansas City, Memphis & BI-
| mingham to Birmingham, Sou.
R'y to.Everette and F. C. & P.
Sioux City & Chicago to Jack-
Holly Sp'gs souville Ill. Cent. to Holly
outy eSs Sp'gs, K., C. M. &B. to Bir-
Route. mingham, Sou. R'y to Ever-
Sette and theF.C. & P.
SLouis'ille & Nash'ille to Rive
New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
To route with through sleepers
Jackso'ville between New Orleans and
The F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
Florida running through the
Tobacco Regmons,
Stock Parming and Dairy Section,
Peact, and Straavberry Lands,
Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country#
Phosphate Belt.
Has the Silver Spring and
Other Pine Scenery.
The Great Hunting Country.
Reaches the Noted stshing Ground4.
Has the best lands for tillage, greatest var-.
ety of soils in the State, and above all
Runs over the Central Ridgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy.
Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers-
the best freight facilities for any produce to \
the Northern markets.
Send also for the best map of Florida (sent
free) and note the towns on its route.
Jacksonville, Fi.

The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
Offers to Shippers
The Shortest and Quickest Route
With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-
pany is better equipped than ever ever to
handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and-.
insure close connections and prompt despatchli '
to all Eastern and Western Market.
Through cars to destination with-
out change or delay.
Perishable freight followed by wire and
shippers advised time passing various Junc-
tion points and arrival at destination.
All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
ly adjusted.
See that your goods are marked
via F. C. & P. R. R.
For information call on or address the un-
dersigned: I
E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A'5't, Orlando, Fla.
G. M, HOLDEN, Tray. A gt. Leesburg. Fla
W. R. FULLER. Tray. A'g't, Tampa.-Fla.
Or N.S. PENNINGTON, Traffic Manager,
Jacksonville, Fla.
W ,H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt





1897. Tfl1~ ItORIDA ~ARM~R AND ~flt7tT-GROW~fl~






Would A announce
That They Have Mac
Special Preparations
For.. I

n Street,










THEY are SOLE Agents for Johnstone, of Washington, the Finest Engraver in
the Country. If you are in need of Cards, Invitations, or Wedding Announce-
ments, write to us for samplesand prices.
Printing and Book Binding a Specialty.

1 EV 13B 0OK
C. W. DaCOSTA, Manage

SToI01 _+:

.... .t
O "". ... ,' + : '" "


- -JL-.A



) .



Offer their Fine Stock of CITRUS TREES at Reduced Prices.

Parson Brown, Ruby, Amory, Jaffa Bloods, St. Michael. Jaffa, Wash. Navels,
Tardiff, Dancy, King Tangerines, Villa Franca Lemons.
Triumph, Marsh Seedless, Thornless Silver Cluster Pomelos.
At $25 per 100, f. o. b.; 10 per cent. off on 500 lots.
All trees are budded low on rough lemon stocks about 1 inch diameter. Buds
4 to 6 feet high, first class in every respect and guaranteed true to name.
Address, RICHARD KLEMM, Winter Haven, Fla.

W. F. Alassey on Peach Culture.
We find in the Rural New Yorker of a
recent date the following. He probably
would not disagree with Mr. Hale on
clean culture, on some soils, but in the
sandy soils of the South the ground needs
to be covered most of the year, and is in
constant need of more manures.
Clean culture certainly promotes wood
growth; but there comes a time when
wood growth should be allowed to ripen,
and cultivation should cease. I should
cultivate a peach orchard in the best
manner, but shallow, up to the first week
in July. But I should then do better
than allow the natural grass to grow, for
I should sow the orchard to cow peas,
aided by a dressing of 300 pounds of
a mixture of 500 pounds of acid phos-
phate to one hundred of muriate or high
grade sulphate of potash per acre. This
will give a heavy growth of pea vines. I
should let these die upon the land, and
remain all winter as a soil cover. The
soil, in the South, should never be al-
lowed to lie bare during the winter, for
it will waste fertility faster than in sum-
mer cultivation. We have more rain
than freezing, and the soil should have
some kind of a cover. This the dead pea
vines will give, and at -the same time,
will furnish nitogen for a vigorous growth
the next season. If you have an orchard
be content with a good fruit crop and do
not attempt to make a hay crop at the
same time. Grow the trees for peaches,
and grow the peas for the benefit of the
peach trees. It would damage the soil,
and therefore, damage the trees to work
it during the winter. The dead peavines
will prevent the washing, and the culti-
vation would only increase it. You
would far better get the nitrogen from
the pea vines than from artificial fertili-
zers. You need to fear the lack of potash
and phosphoric acid more than the ex-
cess of nitrogen. A rapid growth caused
by.the fixation of nitrogen in the absence
ofabalanced amount of potash may give
trouble; but if the ration be balanced, as
the cattle men say, the growth will be
balanced. If you stop cultivation early
in July, the mass of pea vines will be
sufficient check and will cause the growth
to ripen up well, so that its exuberance
will do no damage. It is the winter
washing,.that you have to deal with, and
the winter washing can be best pre-
.vented by a dense soil cover, and we
know of no other way so effective. If
you find that you are getting an excess
of nitrogen by this treatment, you can
then mow- the peas and depend upon the
stubble to stop the washing; but I would
far rather keep the whole mass on the
The "Sarasota oyster" sign is -still
very frequent in Tampa, but very lit-
tle, if any, oysters go into that
city from Sarasota. The great quan-
tity of this popular food used in that
city comes up in an open state from
Punta Gorda by rail i 2o miles. In
the day of tile agitation of the- culti-
vated oyster business one man profit.
ed, and in vicinity of the Little Man-
atee river, but five miles above our
county line, B. F. Moody tells the
Tampa Times be has 50,000 barrels
of cultivated oysters and will open a
wholesale business in Tampa at once.
-Braidentown Journal.


RATES.-Twenty words, name and address,
one week, 25 cents; three weeks so cents Noth-
ing taken for less than 25 cents,
Advertisements for this column MUST be pre-
Send no stamps larger than two cents.
Initials and figures count as one word.

EGGS FOR HATCHING.-15 Eggs, $r.oo, or
25 for $1.5o. From choice pure-bred S. C.
Brown Leghorn :and Barred Plymouth Rocks.
Alsoa few fine breeding Cockerels at low prices.
I 3 3 Fernandina, Fla.

Trees and Buds. Write for prices, etc.
I 26 If W. H. MANN, Mannville, Fla.

including Seedling Grape Fruit four and
one-half years old. Also Hart's and Valencia
Late, Dancy Tangerines, Budded Grape Fruit,
Pineapple, and Eureka Lemon. All buds on
grape fruit stock four and one-half years old.
Buds grown to stakes. Trees very fine and sure
to please, both asto quality and price. Write us.
i 26 3 Lakeland, Fla.

Indian Games, Black Langshans. Hen
Eggs $ i.oo per dozen; Turkey $2. 0o.
I 26 5 MRS. W. H. M INN, Mannville, Fla.

Incubator and Brooder. Address "D,"
tf Care of Farmer and Fruit Grower.

B EAUTIFUL PLANTS.-Nightblooming Queen
Cereus, 25c; California grown Calla Lily
Bulbs warranted to bloom this season, 200, plants
3oc; Zanzavarina, 15c; Strobilanthus, i5c; Ota-
heite Orange. 2oc; California Violets, loc,-2-year
olds, 25c; Lady Lampbell same price; Lantana,
"Sunrise," 15c; Pink Oleander, 15c; Carnations,
moc; Spotted-leaf Begonia, 15S. Hundreds of oth-
Keuka Lake, Fla

CALLA LILY BULBS-California grown,
extra laige, 20-cents, free by mail. Plants
in 8-inch pots, for Easter blooming, 50o cents.

Planting Melons, either for market or home
use, should buy their seed of me. I have all va-
riet'es, and to those purchasing of me I furnish
full directions for growing, giving each purchaser
the benefit of my fifteen years in Melon Growing.
Monticello, Fla. W. M. GIRARDEAU.

All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Car-
ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt. Sweet, Paper
Rind St. Michael, Pierces' Ruby, Jaffa, Pineap-
ple Majorca, Cunningham, Homosassa and
Hart's Late Pernambuco, Improved, Triumph,
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless Grape
Fruit, Satsuma, Tangerine and King All fine
one year old buds, on four and five year old
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock, Will
bud dormant on contract to any varieties parties
may desire. Fine Kumquat Budwood for sale.
Correspondence solicited. Address C. W. Pox,
Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park, Lake
Co., Fla.

For Southern Orchards, Gar-
dens and Groves, No agents.
Write for price list.
9-26-25 T'homasvllle. Ga.

Pea vine hay is as good for laying hens
as clover, and more digestible. A small
percentage of cotton seed meal can be
used with corn meal in the, food of adult
fov vs, to advantage.
SThe prices of cattle are advancing with
corn and wheat.
It is a steep climb from a scrub to a
high grade. It'takes a pure male to make
the difference.

F OR SALE Two Leon county farms, 48o0 acres
and 390 acres. Excellent for stock raising and
tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson, Jacksonville,
Fla. 8-24-tf

budded trees of the most popular varieties
for delivery this fall and winter. Send in your
orders now, and be sure to get what you want.
Pric-s and particulars on application. W. K.-
Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County, Fla.
trees on sweet stock, Hart's Late. Dancy
Tangerines and Parson Brown, budded low,
trained to sticks. Buds 4 to 7 feet high. Limited
stock. Write now. H. FRIEDLANDER, In-
terlachen, Fla. 10-10-15

Brown, Tardiff, Grape Fruit budded low on
sour stock, at very reasonable prices.
6 mos C. GOMPERTS, Lady Lake, Ela.

ing Orange Grove-a south side lake front-
a railroad front, and one mile from town. Also
fine vegetable and strawberry land. Send for
circulars. Address Postoffice Box No. '3,
I 16 12 Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla.
F IGS ? I HAVE THEM! All the best kinds.
Also Cassava. Write for prices.
M. CHESEBRO, Pinmmers, Fla.

E GGS FOR HATCHING.-Black Spanish, In-
dian Games, White Leghorns and Buff Co-
chins. $t.oo for 13. J. POWELL. Cocoa, Fla,
Eggs. Fine Stock. One dollar for thirteen.
Feb. 15, will have limited number choice Gerani-
ums in flower, four and five-inch pots Strong
plants Write for prices to J. A. ICENHOUR,
I 26 3 Upsala, Fla.

EGGS TO HATCH.-First-class S. C. B. Leg-
horn Egvs; (Forsyth and Amsden strain)
delivered f. o. b. Jacksonville, at $i.oo per 13; $2
per 50. M. CHESEBRO.
Plummers, Duval Co., Fla.

The thousands who during the last twenty
COMPANY'S Celebrated High-Grade Special Mix-
tures have proven their value. Prepared espe-
cially for Vegetables, Trees and Vines Florida
soils. Write them at Jacksonvile. Fla. i 23 6

lay and chicks grow. Our little book the
Egg tells all about It. E. W. AMSDEN,
9-i9-tf Ormond, Fla.

W IRE NETTING, best goods for the least
V money. Write for latest price list. E. W.
AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. 9-19-tf

Ja tycaule), best grass for lawns and permanent
pastures. Sets, $1.50 per x,ooo, by express; 35
cents per hundred, postage paid. W.H. POWERS,
Lawtey, Fla.

nese Mandarin trees on sour stock, 3 or 4
years old, Also, some Lemon trees on trifoliata
stock. State price and particulars.
12-5-8 Box 1294, New Orleans, La.

lection of Citrus Trees at bottom prices, No
back numbers. Fourteen years in the business.
Send for price list before buying.
12-26-12 Braidentown, Pla.
Pomelo Seedlings. One hundred Cherry
Laurel-a fine evergreen. A nearly new ioo-egg
Incubator. A. J. ALDRICH,
12-26-S Orlando, Fla.

Grape Fruit Seedlings, also Seedbed Seed-
lings that will increase ten-fold in two years with
proper care.-Seminole Nursery,
Fort Meade, Fla. 1-2-5 V. B. WEBSTER.

QPLENDID BUDS on Rough Lemon Stocks.
3 Budded low. Don't Have to wait a lifetime
to get an income. J. P. DONNELLY.
1-2-6 Mt. Dora, Florida.
Brahma Cockerels and Pullets, $S.oG to 2 .oo.
Plymouth Rock Pullets, $1.oo each. From prize
winners. MRS. GOMPERTS,
6 mos Lady Lake, l1a.

FANCY POULTRY YARD.-Established :I875.
SStock and eggs for sale. State agent for
Lee's Lice Killer. Circulars free. Local agents
i x6 3 St. Nicholas, Fla.

A BARGAIN.-Villa Franca Lemons, Hart's
Tardiff Orange and Tahiti Limes on Rough
Lemon Stocks. WM. Y. DOUGLAS,
I 16 3 Dunedin, PFa.


C. M. MA1IRSH, 1Proprietor.

Wholesale and Retail Dealer In

General Nursery Stock.


Orange, Lemon, Lime and Grapefrifit Trees,

We Make a Specialty of


Our intentions are to close out this immense stock of Citrus trees, if fine trees and bed-
rock prices will do it. We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour,
Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots, as follows :

Danoy Tangerine,
Satauma (seedless)
King Tangerine.
Kumquats (oblong and round).
Ruby Blood.
Joppa Late, (Seedless)
Valencia Late.
Parson Brown,
St. Michael Blood, (paper rind)
Jaffa, (Sanford's).
Hart's Tardiff, (Sanford's).
Boone's Early.
Mediterranean Sweets, (Sanford's.)

Eureka (seedless)
Belair Premium and Genoa.
Marsh Seedless.
Aurantlum (sweet rind)
Tahiti (seedless)
Japanese Peaches, Plums, Chestnuts and
Persimmon Trees.
Strawberry and Pineapple Plants, etc.

For descriptive catalogue and price-list, apply to
0C. M. A Hg, ,g,
XT^Ltceland~, Plea. '








G. M. SORREL, Manager.
SAi The magnificent Steamships of this line are appointed to sail as
Pier 34, North River--3 P. MI-
City of Birmingham ............ ... ...................... ...... Saturday, Jan. 2
La Grande Duchesse............... ........... ............... ....... Tuesday, Jan. 5
City of Augusta .... ........... .................................. Thursday, Jan. 7
Kansas City. ............. ........ ......... ................. Saturday, Jan. 9
City of Birmingham......................... ............................... Tuesday, Jan. iz
La Grande Duchesse ......................................................Thursday, Jan. 14
City of Augusta.................................... .. ...................Saturday, Jan. 16
K ansas City.... ......... .. .............................. ... ............. Tuesday, Jan. 19
City of Birmingham.... ..........................................Thursday, Tan. 21
La Grande Duchesse........ ................... .................... Saturday, Jan. 24
City of Augusta ........ ... .- .............. Tuesday, Jan. 26
Kansas City....... ....................................... ............... Thursday, Jan. 28
City of Birmingham... ................. .................................. Saturday, Jan. 30
G. M. SORRELL, Manager, New Pier No. 35, North River.
Lewis's Wharf--3 P. I.
N acoochee .......................... ........ ....................................... Friday, Jan. I
Chattahoochee.................. ...................................................Monday, Jan. 4
Tallahassee ............... ................ ............................Thursday, Jan. 7
Nacoochee ............. ................. ................................ .... W wednesday, Jan. 13
Chattahoochee ............................................................................ Saturday, Jan. 16
Tallahassee. ................. ... ....................................Tuesday, Jan. 19
Nacoochee ........................................ ............................ Monday, Jan. 25
Chattahoochee ......... ..... .. ............... ............. .... .... Thursday, Jan. 28
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis's Wharf.
Pier 39, Delaware Avenue.-3 P. iM.
Gate City ........ ........ ........................................... .Tuesday, Jan. 5
City of Macon .. ...................... ........................................ Sunday, Jan. o
G ate City.................................... .................................... Friday, Jan. 15
City of Macon............................................................................. Wednesday, Jan. 20
Gate City ............................. ............... ............. ................ Monday, Jan. 25
City of Macon..................................... .. .. .. ... .... Saturday, Jan. 30
M. C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13 South Third Street.
Central (90o Meridian) Time-as below.
City of Augusta..... Saturday, Jan. 2, 530 p.m. a Gr'de Duchesse.. Tuesday, Jan. 19,5 31 m.
Kansas City.. .......Tuesday, Jan. 5, 7oo p. m. Cityof Augusta.....Thursday, Jan. 2r, 6oo p. m.
Clty of Birm'gh'm... Ths'day, Jan. 7, 9 3o a. m. Kasas City .........Saturday, Jan. 23, 7 00o m.
Lt Gr'de Duchesse..Saturday, Jan. 9,11.00 a. m. City of Birm'gh'm.. Tuesday, Jan. 26, 12 00 noon
ty Of Augusta...... Tuesday, Jan. 14, 3 oo p. m La Gr de Duchesse. Thursday, Jan 28, 2 30 p. m.
City o Birm'h'm... Saturday, Jan. 16, 4.30 p. inm. City of Augusta .... Saturday, Jan. 30, 4 30 p. m.
Central (90o Meridian) Time-as below.
Tallahassee............. Friday, Jan. i, 4 30 p. m Nacoochee ...........Tuesday Jan. iq, 6 30 p. min
Nacoochee......... Thursday, Jan. 7, 7.00 p. Chattahoocee .........Friday, Jan. 22, 7 00 p. in.
Chattahoochee.'........Sunday, Jan. io, 9 oo a m. Tallahassee..M......Monday, Jan. 25, 1000oo p. m.
Tallahassee....... Wednesday, Jan 13, 2 00oo p. M Nacoochee .............Sunday, Jan. 31, 5 oo a. inm.
Central (90- Meridian) Time-as below.
City of Macon.........Tuesday, Jan. 5, 7.00 p. in Gate City .......... Wednesday, Jan. 20, 7.00 p. inm.
Gate City..............Sunday, Jan. 10, 9 ooa. m. City of Macon.......Monday, Jan. 25, n.oo a. inm.
City of Macon .....Friday, Jan. 15, 4.oo p. m. Gate City....... ...Saturday, Jan. 30, 4.30 p. m.
Jacksonville, Florida.


Savannah, Ga



r. B. BOURS.

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.


TYgert-Allen Fertilizer go.

Star Brand Fertilizers,



Orange Tree and fegeltable P 1 KAINI'
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and A trial will convince.
Send for Catalogue free.

T, Etc,

Finest C'isine and Service. No Transfers Between Jacksonville and New Yor'k.
The Fleet is composed of the following Handsome New Steel Steamers:

"Comanche" (new),

"Algonquin," "Iroquois," "Cherokee," "Seminole'

Steamers are appointed to sail according totthe tide.
From JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston),......... ....... Sunday, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
Erom CHARLESTON, S. C.,........................ Monday, Wednesdays and Fridays.
For hours of sailing see "Clyde Line" Schedule of Jacksonville and Charleston daily papers
Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, East River, New York at 3 p. m., as follows:
For CHARLESTON, S. C., ........................................ Monday, Wednesdays and Fridays
For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling at Charleston) ................ Monday, Wednesdays and Fridays

BOSTON AND JACKSONVILLE-Direct Line, [Freight Only.]
Calling at Charleston, S. C., both ways.
rAr appointed to sail as follows:
roin foot of Hogan Street, Jacksonville, From Lewis' Wharf, Boston,

J acksonville, .Palatka, Sanford, Enterprise, Fla., and Intermediate
Landings on the St. Johns River.
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steanier
Is appointed to sail as follows:
Leave Jacksonville ................... ...... Sunday, Tuesdays and Friday at 3.30 p. m.
Returning Leave San ford 9 oo a.m., and Enterprise 9.3o a.m. Monday, Wednesdays and Saturdays,

Read Down. SCHEDULE. Read Up.
Leave 330 p.m ......................... Jacksonville.................... Arrive 2.boa. m.
8.45 p min. ...................... .... Palatka.......................... Leave 8.oo p. mn.-
3.00oo a. m. ............................Astor ............................ 3.00 p. m.
4.30 a m ..... ................... St. Francis............ ........... i.30 p. m,
................. ..... .......... ....... Beresford ........... ..... ..... 12.oo noon
Arrive. 8.3o a. m. ................... .... Sanford ............................ .. 9.oo a. m.
9.25 a. m. ........................ Enterprise ................... ...... 9.30 a. m.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville.

A. J. COLE, Gen.Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
M. H. LYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Flt..
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville. Fla.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

2 SEED POTATOES.-Earliest and
'in most productive kinds for the South;
IIU [ New Queen, Thorburn, Early Hebron,
-Early Norther, Burpee's Extra Early.
S Prices very low. Free pamphlet, .
.ro4n W M JNo. C.PEARCE &'Co.
'r o 430 W. Main St. ITouisville, Ky.

nw N W LCSna p






GRADE POTASH, with perfect adaptability to the
requirements and perfect mechanical condition, in
strong, handsome Bags, which don't rot.
OW- The cheapest brand for the quality in the
market. Cotton-seed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Agricul-
tural Chemicals, Sulphur, etc.


,, \ -The old reliable EUE K.E A has never been
superceded. It is death to the Rust Mite, Red Spider, and the
"' ,-, _fungus growth.
Animal A certain destradtion to the Aleyrodes Citri (White Fly),and other
Sna 8 I I families ofScale, at all periodsoftheirdevelopment. Fataltothe
Satterr Spider, and other insects afedting Pineapples and Vegetables.,

Bubber2Hose-Nozzles, Microscopes, etc. A great variety of the best makes, at
Manufacturers' Prices.






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Inos U


- Jacksonville, Fla.

Can be Made to Pay.
"Yes, sir," said the man with a hoe
upon his shoulder, going in the direction
of the potato field, "low as prices are,
there's more money in dairying than any
other business he can engage in on the
farm. What he does get is in money, and
what farmer without a dairy is making a
living?'" Here was a lesson in farm
economics; and at home; and one that
concerns his own business, and that busi-
ness-was the getting of a living. Looking
over the list of farm products that was,
and is to be, everything he was raising,
another man on the other side of the
world was engaged in doing the very
same thing, and with cheaper labor, and
et selling it in the very same market with
him. Once he had the dairy markets 'of
the world at his dictation. Now a half-
dozen other nations are dairying as ex-
tensively as he, and even the Australian.
tired of raising kangaroos, has gone into
the.dairy-produce business, and was mak-
ing ship-loads of produce and was selling
in Liverpool, and at any price. .Luckily,
cheese and butter eating are habits that
are rapidly increasing, and so make a
marker at some price. No one eats more
wheat,.beef andathe like per, capital than
; forty years ago, but we are now'eating
Vastly, increased amounts of dairy 2ro-

duce, so that we now practically consume from under the .crop lien, and the cow
all of the products of our 16,000,000 or so and chickens are one part of the way out.
cows. The Ruralist will help you and your
Can we live at present prices; can the neighbors with monthly prescriptions of
dairy be made to pay in some way? We canned thought.
believe it can, but it must be done on the
cow to, the acre plan-better and fewer Cotton seed meal has more than twice
cows; better and more feed to the acre, the amount of fertilizer contained in corn
and 'cows better looked after. There are meal, and does not cost twice as much.
men making money today from their dai- The manure from either is about as valu-
ries. How are they doing it? Condens- ble as in the raw state, for plant food.
ed dairying. As fast as cows are demon- a *
strated not to be making a profit they go A colony of evangelists has pur-
the way that all poor things should, and c a beautiful tract of land at
leave their food for the cow that hath chased. a a ta o -ln-d at
from two to five talents already. It does Ormond, and will locate their winter
not pay, nor did it ever, to feed a cow headquarters there for evangelical
$20 worth of food to get $15 worth of work throughout the State. The tract
milk, let alone her drying off soon after is the finest body of land in that sec-
the county fair, let the time of year be tion. It is pleasantly located between
what it may. Think this matter over. on. It is pleasanty cated between
These tugt, from ThePracticalFar- the Halifax river and the Atlantic
mer, are certainly worth thinking over. ocean, and fronts- on both. It is coy-
The "cow o ole aorta is ered with a heavy growth of palms
the consideration ofthe southern farmer; 'and live oaks, and has long borne the
It cannot be done with the scrub:cow in a name of "Hunters' Camp," from its
forty-acre range. Bht- with corn,,millet, inviting and favorable situation and
root crops, cow-peas and beggar-weed, the convenience for such parties. 'The
silo forwinter a.t soiling in summer, it .'"convenienc frsc p.arties .Te
camn be done. I evangelists are an incorporated society,
ThbeiAthern 'armer needs to gt out .holding large property in Jersey City,
I I ** ;-n''

of which Pastor M. Hancox is presi-
dent and R. Jackson is .secretary. .
-Preparations for extensive buildings
are now going forward, and they ex-
pect to develop the natural advantages
of the place into the finest camp
ground of the south, where a similar
work to that in1 New Jersey will be
centered for advocating non-sectarian
and Scriptural 'iety.--Ormonid item
in Florida Citizen.

The Agriculturist states that Gen.
W. P. Hazen of the Weather Bureau,
has sold 2,000 boxes of oranges from
his Hillsboro. county-.grove, at from
$2.25 to $2.75 each in the grove, and
grapefruit at oc cents each on tree,
having 566gpapefruit on one tree.
Mr. S. A. Edwards tells us that to
his own knowledge he can vouch for*
the sale of 186 boxes of grapefruit by
Mr. Morgan near .Punta Gorda forw
$1,8oo.0oo cash; and of a less number '
of boxes for $,30.oo0.--Bartow
Courier Informant.- ...