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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
AND FRUIT=GROW R.
WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH."
S. Powers, Editor. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, DECEMBER 14, 1895. Whole o. 1401 o. 5
S. Powers, Editor. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, DECEMBER 14, 1895. Whole No. 141 ol.ypy VII NO.
RESPONSIBLE, ESTABLISHED 1868.
PROMPT. 27 YEARS EXPERIENCE.
BATTERSON & CO., Park PceNEW YORK. COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
REAL ESTATE SECURITY AND BEST BUSINESS METHODS ENABLE US TO DO ALL POSSIBLE FOR CONSIGNORS. PROMPT ACCOUNT SALES
AS SOLD. THIS INSURES YOU AGAINST LOSS AND GUARANTEES HONEST AND PROMPT RETURNS. NO MARKET STEADILY EXCELS NEW
YORK. BUFFALO HOUSE 187 AND 169 SCOTT STREET. USE ANY TELEGRAPH CODE.
REFERENCES--IRVING NATIONAL BANK, NEW YORK, THIRD NATIONAL BANK, BUFFALO, R. G. DUN: & CO., FIRST NATIONAL BANK, ST.
AUGUSTINE, FLA. BANKS AND SHIPPERS EVERYWHERE.
AGENTS FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS ASSOCIATION AT BUFFALO.
H:AVE YOU SE^JEJ IT ?
G. L. Taber's Catalogue for 1895-6..
Enlarged, re-written, newly illustrated; 60 pages; 5o engravings; model of typographical art.
,Latest practice and best methods of Culture. Most recent experience in orchard and market with
Svairietig new and old.
THIS UP-TO-DATE HORTICULTURAL HAND BOOK
Which s sent free upon application, describes over 300 varieties of fruits and ornamentals offered
for FLORIDA and lower South including
Satsuma on Trifoliata---Hardy Orange on Hardy Stock.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.
THE ONLY WAY TO GET WHAT YOU WANT.
Headquarters for Pear Trees. Satsuma Oranges on Trilfoliata. Celestial .FLigs
One Year Trees now fell of Fruit. Everbearing l,eulberries for the Pigs and
Chickens. Elberta Peach Trees by the Thousand.
Send for Interesting Catalogue.
THE OLD RELIABLE ARCADIA NURSERIES,
J. H. G-RAIDEAU, Propo L.
e ROYAL PALM NURSERIES,
a ,We have an Unusually Large and Fine Stock of Hardy Palms,
Shrubbery, Trees, Vines and all Manner of Plants
for House, Lawn or Orchard.
Fruit Trees, Economic Plants, Ferns, Orchids, Bamboos Cactus, Etc., for every situation and
for every climate. Plants sent safely to all parts of the World. We pack by mail, and pay postage
at Catalogue rates, or send large- plants by express or freight.
Send for large catalogue illustrated and priced.
REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla.
GENUINE BERMUDA ONIONS.
Our stock of this popular variety is now ready for delivery. Beware of spurious
Italian and California stock sold by northern houses at $2 to $2.50-per pound.
OUR SE E DARE GEN UIN E.
Both Varieties, White and Red, Packe; 5 cent's; oz. 15 cents; 1 oz. 25 cents;
lb. 85 cents; 1 lb. $3.00 pout paid.
HX. G. HASTrINGS d& CO., S1DcslBw.
S. Interlaohen, Florida.
ATTENTION, TREE PLANTER I
Before buying your Nursery Stock, investigate and know what you aie getting. Know that
you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer.
THE POMONA NURSERIES
are the most Extensive in the State and ofler all Home Grown Si;:ck. PeachE, Plums, Pears.
Japan Persimmons, Grapes, Figs, Mulberries, Apricots, Almonds. Satsuma and other Oranges and
Lemons on both
ORANGE and TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.
Over 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, etc
NO BETTER STOCK. NO CHEAPER. NONE SO LARGE.
It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
Write for Catalogue and any infoi nation wanted, W. D. GRIFFING, PROP.
"NOW IS TH'E TIME."
Send in your orders this month for Bud Wood Trees and Roses.
We can furnish 75,oco Eye buds for dormant and next spring budding. Orders booked now for
delivery in October and November. Pirst-class buds and true to nan e. Standard varieties as fol-
lows: Majorca, Jaffa, Ruby Bl- od, Hart's Late. Parson Brown, Tangerine, Homossassa, Medit-
erranean Sweet Satsuma and Grape Fruit. Buds well packed and sent to say pait of the State forg
6o cents per roo; $5.o0 per .ooo. .oo budded Orange Trees to 4 feet highbuddbudded os sour and"
irif liata seeks, from i to ij. in. at the ground. Buds inserted in the stump at the ground (not in
the roots) and can be protected by banking this winner.
Peach. Pear, Plum, Persimmon, Loquat and Fig Trees. Large three year old White Niagara
Grape Vines. ,.
Fifty varieties of roses budded and on their own roots. The famous Marechal Neil s specialty.
Our roses have proved to be well adapted to this State. For lull particulars send for descriptive
catalogue and price list. Address,
HASTINGS .& WYLIEE,
CHERRIES IN FLORIDA.
Cherries cannot be raised in Florida, but
ORANGE'S CHERRY PLUM
cooked in any form or made into pies, tarts, jellies, jam, sweet pickle, preserves,
etc., are fully equal or superior to the best cherries of the North. The tree is an
enormous bearer, ripening its fruit for six or eight weeks in July or August.
"It Is a puzzle to everybody. Half plum and half-cherry in quality and appearance. You-have area
treasure "-Farmer and Fruit Grower.
. "The Cherry Plum is a valuable acqulsit'on to our list of fruits "-Florida Agriculturist.
- "Cooked, It is equal, we believe superior, to the Early Richmond, the most valuable of all cherries for
culinary pmuposes. The sauce is very rich in coloring and flavor, a richer color and richer flavor than that
of the cherry, and free from the strong acidity of the plum, and leaves nothing to be desired in the cherry
About 200 fine budded trees, 4 to 5 feet, well branched, 65 cents each, $6 pr dz.
., aaeogue iree on app nation. THE LAKE GEflR E NURSERIES
300 ACRES IN NURSERY. 0 ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. 0 38TH YEAR. THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIES
are offering a fine lot of Budded Trees for sale for season of '95 and '96, including limited supply of
FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida. GENUINE BOONE'S EARLY TREES AND BUDS.
Oriental Pears. Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks, Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat, Strawberry Also Grape Fruit. Tardiffs. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet, Bessie. Tangerine and
Pla'ti. 'Grape'Vinus, etc: Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Uvergreens. Camelias, 5o,00ooo Palms, common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour
1o,ooo Camphor and Cinnamon trees, Roses. The Greenhouse Department is the largest aind stocks. Write for prices to
most complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to South- 1W W NHA.WIV SZ Sa 4eBO 4Bk"
era horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta, Ga. No Agents. Georgetown, Fla.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
State A cultural Collem
LAKE CITY, FLA.
NEXT COLLEGE YEAR BEGINS
MONDAY, SEPT. 30, 1895.
F~ULL FACULTY OF ABLE PROFESSORS
Four regular courses, Agricultural, Me-
chanical, Latin-Scientific, Women's, equiv
alent in length, studies and honor. Graduates
of Latin-Scientific course receive degree of A. B.;
of other courses, degree of B. S.
'A one year's Business Course. giving thor-
ough instruction in Commercial Law,Arithmetic,
Penmanship and Book-Keeping.
A year's course in Stenography, Type-Writ-
ing and Telegraphy, fitting students for business.
Graduates of these courses receive certificates of
A course in Piano Music has been added
under an associate of the Toronto Conservatory
of Music, giving best facilities to students of the
Piano, at a reasonable charge.
Military Instruction under a graduate of
West Point. The young men are under Milita-
ry Discipline similar to West Point. The
College Physician attends all students without
charge. Lake City is one of the healthiest places
in America. High Pine Land. Pure Water. In
eleven years there has not been a death at the
College. All courses are open to women. Stu-
dents not prepared for the Freshman class can
enter the Preparatory Department.
To all students from Florida tuition is Free in
all departments except Piano Music. Music
students pay a reasonable charge. Students
from other States pay $20 a year tuition, music
extra. Young men bcaid in the Mess Hall at $10
a month. Young women board with families in
town at $10 to$15 a month. College year begins
September 30, 1895.
For catalogues address
0. CLUTE, PRESIDENT,
LAKE CITY, FLA.
JOHN B. STETSON UNIVERSITY,
For both sexes, College, Normal School,
Academy, Art School and Conservatory of Music,
An institution of first rank. Faculty of twenty
teachers. Seven elegant buildings, heated by
steam, lighted by electricity. Hot and cold water
baths. Thoroughly equipped gymnasium. De-
partment of Physical Culture, with Military Drill
for young men. Library of6,000 volumes. Read-
ing room, with all leading periodicals and daily
and weekly papers. Thoroughly equipped
chemical and physical laboratories. Separate
'buildings for Music and Art Schools, with artists
of established reputation in charge. Opens
October 2. Send for catalogue giving full.inform-
JUt-IN F. FORBESL.,
.lo rid a
G. D. ACKERLY,
GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT,
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,
your dealer for them. Send for
b rrys eed Annual for 1895.
Invaluable to all planters an d lovers
of Fine Vegetables and Beautiful
Flowers. Wiesfor t Free'-
D FE roRRY & Co.,
5.7 *"etroit, ..
Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive
FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
Florida Central and Peninsular
NEW THROUGH ROUTES.
New York to Jacksonville by
New Florida I Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash-
and ington, Southern Railway to
Northern [Columbia, Florida Central &
Air Line. Peninsular to all principal
J points in Florida:
Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Cincinnati | Queen & Crescent to Chatta-
and nooga, Southern R'y to Ever-
Florida ette, Florida Central & Penin-
Limited. sular to all important Florida
Kansas City Kansas City Fort Scott &
and Memphis R. R. to Kansas City,
Jacksoanv to Birmingham, Southern RHy
Thro, Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
ne. Peninsular to all Fla. points.
St. Louis to Jacksonville by
HoCairo Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gs Illinois Central to Holly Sp'gs,
Route. r Kansas City, Memphis & Bir-
| mingham to Birmingham, Son.
J R'y to Everette and F. C. & P.
I Sioux City & Chicago to Jack-
S I' sonville 11. Cent. to Holly
olly Sp'gs Sp'gs, K., M. & B. to Bir-
Route. mingham, Sou. R'.y to Ever-
ette and the F. C. & P.
Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River
New Orieans Junction. F. C. & P. only
To route with through sleepers
Jackso'ville between New Orleans and
.Tlhe F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
Florida running through the
Stocl .'Parming and Dairy Section,
Peacl and Strawberry Lands,
Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,
Has the Silver Spring and
Other Fine Scenery.
The Great Runting Country.
Reaches the Noted -Fishing Grounds.
Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
ety of soils in the State, and above all
Runs over the Central Ridgeland
Where it is High and Healthy.
Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
the best freight facilities for any produce to
the Northern markets. Send for the popular
"MY FLORIDA HOME."
with its spirited words and beautiful music
descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pages
of full sized best music paper, containing also
a picture of a home In Florida and a hunting
scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
stamps, to pay expense of distributionf)
Send also for the best map of Florida (sen
free) and note the towns on its route.
A. 0. MAoDONELL, G.P.A,
The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
Offers to Shippers
The Shortest and Quickest Route
FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
THE EAST AND WEST.
With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-
pany is better equipped than ever ever to
handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
insure close connections and prompt despatch
to all Easteru and Western Markets.
Through cars to destination with-
out change or delay.
Perishable freight followed by wire and
shippers advised time passing various junc-
tion points and arrival at destination.
All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
See that your goods are marked
via F. C. & P. R. R.
For information call on or address the un-
0. B. TAYLOR Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
W. B. TUCKEIt, Gen. A'g't, Orlando, Fla.
G. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A gt, LeesburgFla
W. R. FULLER, Tray. A'gt, Tama, Fla.
Or N. S. PENNINGTON, Traffic manager,
W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight-Agt
I iiL. rniUI I LU VI
An Implement That Every Gardener and Strawberry
Grower Should Have.
The best Tool for;intensive culture; saves the expenses of a horse-;
does the work just how and where you want it done.
Thousands of acres of Truck and Strawberries are cultivated entirely by hand.
This little plow has been perfected with special reference to Florida use and
with the assistance and suggestions of Florida growers.
Four Points and a Wrench Go With Each Plow.
Given with this paper to new subscribers for one year for $5.00 f. o. b. at our
FARMER and FRUIT GROWER,
N. B. Special low rates given for Pony, Clipper and Hammock Plows in con.
nection with the paper. Write us for terms.
Go on "Niggering the Corn off the Cob, Blistering your Hands and
Wearing the Skin off? Buy a
T66 7'T 99'TT "
% I uLju 1,1
SEVERAL REASONS WHY YOU
SHOULD HAVE ONE.
It is fully warranted against breaking or get-
ting out of order by any fair usage.
It takes less power to do the same amount of
work than any other machine of its size ever
There is no time lost after you are through
shelling by picking the cobs out of the shelled
corn, as the machine takes the corn all. off the
-cob, drops the corn in the box or basket, takes
, the cob on around and throws it off at the back.
By little practice with it you can easily shell
oue bushel of ears in about 4 minutes or less.
The seller is small but it will do the work of
many a larger machine.
The spring can be adjusted to any tension re-
quired and can be loosened when not in use, thus
avoiding anychance of its giving out.
A sheller wrench accompanies every machine.
The manufacturer of this machine is rated in the Commercial Agencies at $125,ooo and is
personally known to the Editor to be a responsible man. The
CYCLONE CORN SHELLER
is not a worthless claptrap affair, but has genuine merit.
Retdil price $3.00. Given with the paper one year for $4.00o or as a premium for. three new
subscribers at $2.oo each. Address all orders to
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,
Ja.oelsona.v, xlle, IiFe..
YEAR. LORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. "A.
The peanut requires a climate in
which there is a season of five months
free from frost. It is probable that on
suitable soil the peanut will grow in
any latitude where Indian corn will
thrive, but whether it will be a profit-
able crop depends upon other consid-
-erations than its ability to ,withstand
the climate. The most favorable
weather for the peanut is an early
spring, followed by a warm summer of
even temperature, with moderate moist-
ure and free from drouth, and an au-
tumn, or harvesting time, with very
.little precipitation, as rain injures the
newly gathered vines and nuts. Again,
it is probable that the quality of the
nut depends upon climatic conditions,
as it is true that the nuts grown in
tropical countries contain much more
oil than those of the same variety
grown in temperate latitudes, so that
the proposition has been laid down
That the oil content of the nut is in in-
verse proportion to the distance from
the equator. The nuts most in de-
mand by the American trade are those
raised between the parallels of 36 and
37TY2 degrees north latitude, as they
contain the least oil, therefore being
"better for use as human food.
A sandy loam, neither too dry nor
.too sandy, yet light and porous, pro-
duces the most marketable peanuts,
because it is nearer the natural color
..of the peanut shell, and the trade for
which American peanuts are raised
demands a light-colored shell, but
equally sound and well flavored nuts
-may be produced on other soils. In
fact, almost any soil that can be put in
a friable condition, and kept so, will
produce peanuts, provided it contains
a' sufficient quantity of lime.
The presence of lime is necessary,
:for'the development of the nuts, as
without lime there may be luxuriant
-vines bearing nothing but pops. If
the soil does not already contain lime
in sufficient quantities the deficiency
must be supplied by the use of some
.. form of commercial lime, such as burnt
oyster shells, burnt limestone or marl.
It should be clearly understood that
constant cropping without the use of
proper rotations or manures must
eventually impoverish both the soil
and the planter.
.. The time of planting depends upon
the latitude, the distance from the sea,
.and the' elevation of the section in
which the seed is to be planted. In
Virginia from May i to 20 is probably
.the time during which the larger part
Sof the crop is planted, danger of kill-
frosts being past by that time, although
some farmers plant the last week of
'April and others not until early in
.JJune. In more southern latitudes
planting takes place in April, and
farther north not before June. In no
"section should the seed be planted
until all danger of the young plants
being injured by a late frost is over.
Peanuts should be planted -in well
pillverized. soil to a depth of four
inches. '.The- distance between the
rows should be from 28 to 36 inches,
varying with the fertility of the soil
n and the variety. Fertilizers should be
-appled 'broadcast before planting,
but they may be applied irnthe rows
and at the time of planting. Care-
fully shelled and selected kernels
should- be used for seed.. The seeds
should be planted from 12 to 20 inches
apart, two to the hill, and covered
about an inch deep, either with. a hoe
or a small turn plow. All grass and
weeds must be kept out of the field,
and the soil kept loose and open, that
the tender "spikes" may meet with no
resistance in penetrating the ground.
Experiment has not shown any defi-
nite result favoring either the ridge or
level culture, and the nature of the
field selected for it will be the best
guide as to the method to be adopted.
The crop should be laid by in July, or
as soon as the vines have spread
sufficiently to keep down the weeds,
or to make the passage of the har-
row between the rows dangerous to
the developing pods.
The nuts should be out of the
ground before the first frost, as it is
injurious both to the vines, when re-
garded as fodder, and to the kernels.
It may be necessary to dig the crop
some time before frost is feared, be-
cause'early formed nuts, when frost is
long delayed, begin to sprout, and
the loss to the farmer from that cause
would be greater than the gain from
the maturing of the later nuts. Be-
sides, if peanuts have been cultivated
in the same land for several years the
vines often will drop their leaves and
are thus greatly injured for use as hay.
In harvesting the crop, the practice
is to pass down each side of the row
with a plow, made especially for'the
purpose, without a mouldboard, and
with 'a "sword," or long cutting
flanges welded to the point. The
plow is run deep enough to sever the
taproot without disturbing the pods.
The vines are then lifted from the
ground with pitchforks, and placed in
rows; they are afterward stacked
around short poles. Two weeks later
the pods are dry enough to be picked
After the peanuts are picked they
should be cleaned before being sacked.
The necessity of cleaning is of course
not so great as it was prior to the
establishment of recleaners- or facto-
ries, but still the cleaning of the nut
would not only leave a large number
of pops and; saps-on the farm. for the
feeding of stock, but would doubtless
cause the nuts to. bring a price suffi-
cient-to justify the expense of clean-
ing. The sacks used for peanuts'are
either sixty-six or seventy-two -inches
long; and ,wide enough-to hold four
bushels, or 1oo pounds. Even should
the farmer: not- intend to: sell: his nuts
at once, he should at least sack them,
as an attempt to keep them in bulk
might cause them. to heat. In filling
the sacks care must be taken to fill
each corner, and the entire sack
should be well distended, yet not
tight enough to crush the shells., Put
away in a: dry, airy place, peanuts
will keep in these sacks several years,
should it be necessary to do so.
Since the establishment of peanut
factories, or- "recleaners," in nearly
every community in which much at-
tention is paid to this crop, the planter
has ceased to especially prepare his
nuts for market, selling them as "farm-
ers' stock" to those factories or re-
cleaners, -where they are-subjected to
a treatment of fanning, polishing and
sorting before being put upon the
market. This process is simple and
The machinery, neither costly nor
intricate, is placed in a four-story
building in such a way that the pea-
nuts are not handled from the time
they are put in their uncleaned condi-
tion in the hoppers on the fourth floor
until on the first floor they are sewed
in bags, branded and marked ready
to ship, with the exception that in the
course of this process they have passed
over a moveable table in the form of
an endless belt, between two rows of
operators somewhat skilled in the de-
tection of immature and faulty nuts,
which are picked out and put into a
separate receptacle, only the good
and merchantable nuts being allowed
to pass into the bag beneath; these
are the hand-picked "factory stock"
of the trade.-U. S. Farmers' Bulle-
state to produce any crop, and if not
in condition it can be readily made so
at a trifling cost for fertilization.
A crop of three tons of clover con-
tains the following constituents: 123
pounds of alkali, 210 pounds of alka-
line earths, 45 pounds of phosphoric
acid, 1.27 pounds of nitrogen.
Soils are not exhausted when it -is
seen the power a suitable crop has to
liberate and convert the insoluble sub-
stances existing in the soil, and store
them in the plant for future use. The
clover should be cut for fodder the
first year, the second year cut it once
for fodder, then allow it to grow again
and go to seed, which save for future
use, and there is left in the clover
roots in the soil to the depth of ten
inches 97 pounds alkaline earths, 71
pounds phosporic acid, i8o pounds
nitrogen, available for a crop, which,
when plowed, leaves the land clean,
light, retentive of moisture and easily
tilled, with available constituents in
the clover roots and soil, enough to
produce any crop profitably, and the
necessity of purchasing fertilizers and
employingethem is saved.
The farm is made, as it should be,
self-supporting, but it can only be done
b A,* i r I If
Of all the soils to be cultivated, or k- a J.,.4us Oitt Uon t. 1
to be restored, none re preferable to this is not resorted to, fertilizers, whicl
to be restored, none are preferable to
the light sandy soils. By their por- are much more costly, must be ap
ousness free access is given to the pled.-Andrew H. Ward in Wester
powerful effects of air; they are nat- ura clover substitute cowpeas and
urally in that state to which drainage For clove substitute cowpeas and
and subsoil ploughing are reducing the above will then be applicable tc
the stiffer lands ot England. Manure Florida.
may as well be thrown into the water A Traveling Cannery. "
as on land under-laid by water. A Travelis Cannery.
Drain this, and no matter if the up- A steamship has recently been fitted
per soil be almost quicksand, manure with all the appliances for canning and
will convert it into fertile, arable land. preserving tropical productions on
The thin covering of mold, scarcely board. She is designed to. cruise
an inch in thickness, the product of a about the West India Islands and the
century, may be imitated and pro- "keys" of Florida to pick up fruits,
duced in a short time by studying the turtles, guava and other dainties and
laws of its foundation. preserve them on the spot;:then de-
It is a well recognized fact that next liver them.at Southern ports for trans-
to temperature the water supply is port by rail to all parts of the country.
the most important factor in the pro- This sailing cannery will doubtless
duction of a crop. prove a great convenience to our
Light soils give good crops in sea- Southern coast neighbors, where fruits
sons of plentiful and well distributed abound without a present market,
rains, or when skillfully irrigated, and should be very Frofitable to the
Insufficient moisture in a soil is an owners of the enterprise.-Atlanta
evil that no supplies of plant food can Constitution.
neutralize. Sandy soils are rich in '' '
mineral constituents, and fail to give How and What to Order for
good crops in time of drought only on Planting. .
account of their inability to retain "Face the fact," says Long in' 4How
moisture. to Plant a Place;" that there are maany
This can be obviated by the appli- unscrupulous agents among those sup-
cation of peat or clay or the sowing of plying trees, plants and seeds, but'also
clover-all of these enable it to retain that there is no lack of reliable nurse-
moisture in times of drought-and .the ries. Notice that the dishonest agent
decay, of vegetable substances in the deals in most extraordinary claims for
soil gives off-carbonic acid, a powerful new and wonderful fruits and flowers;
solvent to the soil. Peat contains as it is his trade mark. The- only safe
much nitrogen as barn manure, but as rule is this: buy trees, plants and-vines
it is dug out. the nitrogen is. locked up of reliable nurseries. Buy seeds by or-
by acids in insoluble combinations and during from the catalogues of reliable
applied to the land in this condition it dealers, and don't be led astray or in-
brings in 'sorrel, coarse and unnutri- duced to spend much money on the
tious grasses; composting it with an al-, latest novelty, for which extraivagnt
kali to neutralize the acid causes the and, it may be, absurd claim's are
peat to heat and then ferment, renders made.
it soluble and fit for food for plants at ** "
a cost of about two cents a pound for The census which was recently
nitrogen. ,If the land is in condition completed gives Jacksonville a popu-
to bear clover it is easily brought to a lation of 25,130. '
788 TEE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
H E A Du E \ i L v ** .^.- -....
On anything you wait in the FERTILIZER LINE by writing to us before you buy.
Announcement of our new
Brand for Orange Trees
$25 Per Ton.
We keep constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, DRIED BLOOD, BLOOD and BONE, GROUND
BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold at Close Prices.
Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited.
LITTLE BROTHERS' FERTILIZER and PHOSHATE COMPANY,
'The Extensive Establishment of
Messrs. Little Bros.
To look across the river to South
Jacksonville and see clouds of smoke
and steam rising from the great fertil-
izer factory of Messrs. Little Bros. and
carloads, often almost trainloads, of
material coming and going, is reassur-
ing these hard times. Continuing from
day to day, this sight moved our re-
porter-to cross the river and visit the
factory, where he was courteously re-
ceived., and shown around by the
.superintendent, Mr. A. P. Hay.
ORGANIZATION AND BUILDINGS.
The firm of Little Bros., limited,
was organized in 1890 with a capital
of $150,000, since increased to $175,-
ooo, a.id the works began operation
-in Ocfober, 1890. The officers are:
-Lockhart Little, president; Alex. Lit-
tie, vice-president; J. E. Stillman,
.-secretary 'and treasurer. There are
four buildings-the acid chamber, the
:phosphate pit, the warehouse and the
- :nitrr shed, besides various adjacent
.sheds, offices, engine rooms, etc. The
acid;:chamber or building is 135x75
;and; 25 feet high. It contains two
acid pans, each 120x30 feet and 2 feet
"deep. About each pan is a gas cham-
ber of sheet lead, fitting down just in.
side of the pan and reaching down
within. a half inch of the bottom of it,
.theiwhole sustained on wooden frame-
The phosphate pit is ioox6o feet
and 33 feet high. Into this huge re-
ceptacle is dumped from a track over-
head the mixture or mush, consisting
of the ground phosphate freshly treated
with sulphuric acid. At one end of
"'his pit, and practically under the same
.roof, is the mill building, 60x35 leet
and four stories high. Sheds for stor-
age are ranged around this building,
aggregating 340 feet in length by 20
"The railroad track runs alongside
the Acid chamber and the phoshate
pit and continues on to the nitre shed,
,20x30, which is necessarily isolated
fromi the.main buildings. Four hun-
d&ed feet out in the river, with fifteen
feet of water alongside, is the ware-
house, 100x30 feet, into which ships
discharge bones from Calcutta or else-
where, potash salts from Germany,
nitrate of soda from Chili, etc.
GRINDING THE PHOSPHATE.
The company owns two phosphate
mines in South Florida, one yielding
pebble the other rock. Just now they
are grinding the pebble for the manu-
facture of a cotton fertilizer. This
pebble is a fine gravel, grayish blue
in color, mixed with sharks' teeth and
and other organic remains. It is
wheeled by the men from the car into
the lower story, carried in an elevator
to the fourth story and crushed to pow-
der between powerful iron rollers
driven by an engine of 15o horse-
power. Without attedipting to follow
the powder through all its journeyings
up and down, suffice it to say that it
is next carried into a large seive which
retains the unground fragments and
throws them out to be ground again.
MIXING WITH ACID.
ing the walls. This mass is generally
of a dark color, With lighter streaks
and layers interlardeid through the
mound as it rises. The capacity of
the pit is about: four thousand tons,
and this great weight is sustained by a
solid floor of earth.
It is found advisable to let this soft
mixture lie and ripen for about six
months, when it becomes so hard that
it has to be worked up with picks and
spades. It loses somewhat in weight
by the evaporation of sulphuric acid,
but it gains about one per cent. in
available phosphoric acid, which makes
it more valuable. To reduce it to a
powder convenient for sacking, it has
to be reground before it is shipped.
It will be understood by the reader
that this mixture of sulphuric acid and
ground pebble makes simply acid
phosphate. There is an excess of
sulphuric acid, which imparts to the
product its characteristic penetrating
A DRY MIXTURE.
rThi id h, h 1 i
The powder is elevated again and c. pU ,,paes no a com-
carried into a large revolving pan, plete fertilizer, and some of the corn-
where it is mixed with sulphuric acid and cotton planters prefer the powder
conveyed over from the acid chamber before it* is treated with acid.. It is
in a pipe. The proportions of the er- then called floats, and is mixed dry
events used in the mixture areeioo with the.proper proportions of potash
pounds of sulphuric acid to 1400oo and nitrogen to make a complete fer-
pounds of ground phosphate. This is tilizer.. Of course, this raw ground
where pebble is used; where rock is 'phosphate, or floats is very slowly
used the proportions of the two ele- soluble in the soil water, and yet the
ments in the mixture are about equal experiments of the Alabama Experi-
ments in the mixture are about equal merit, Station, and some others, indi-
by weight, as the powder. from the ment. Station, and some others, mdi-
rock is harder to dissolve than that cate that, considering its lower cost, it
from the pebble. is more profitable to the planter than
-The object in dissolving the ground the acid phosphates.
phosphate with sulphuric acid, as the THE MIXING .DEPARTMENT
intelligent reader knows, is to reduce of this factory, where all high-grade
the phosphoric acid into a soluble brands are manufactured, is undoubt-
condition, available as plant food. edly as complete as that of any tertil-
INTO THE PHOSPHATE PIT. izer factory in the entire South.
When the mush has been'stirred in GRINDING BONES.
the mixing pan sufficiently, it is drawn In addition to the supply of bones
off into a tram car, which runs on an which were formerly received from
elevated track out over the phosphate Calcutta, the proprietors have at var-.
pit, into which it automatically dumps ious times purchased them from the
its contents. The car-load goes down Jacksonville butchers, and from vari-
with a tremendous splash into the great ous country stations. They are em-
mass below, and blotches of the hot played instead of rock phosphate to
mud fly in every direction, bespatter- furnish the finer brands of fertilizer
--.y rec o e s pa .. .
used in orange culture, and which are
too expensive for cotton and corn
crops. Horns and hoofs are some-
times found in the shipments of
bones, and thesegare rejected before
grinding, as was shown by a pile of
:them lying at one side. They 'can
be reduced to powder nearly as well
as bones, but evenf.in this form they
are nearly, if notgquite, insoluble in
the soil, so that their stores of nitro-
gen, though considerable, are locked
up and not available to plants.
The sacks used here are made of
jute and are manufactured in Char-
leston. A sack is placed on the
scale and the mouth held open while
a workman shovels in the phosphate
until the scale denotes 200 pounds.
It is then quickly whisked away by
another and placed with others in
rows. A third workman sews up the
sacks and they are then ready to be
wheeled into the cars.
MAKING SULPHURIC ACID.
The sulphur is imported from
Sicily to New York, and thence-cotnes
to Jacksonville by schooner in bulk.
It is simply burned in the furnaces in
connection with the nitrate of soda.
The furnace room is.:about,35x3o feet,
stretching across the ends -of both
acid or rather gas chambers. :The
sulphur is fed into the furnace through
a great many small doors, burning
readily with a blue flame, and the
fumes pass back into the chambers.
The nitrate of soda is contained in
retorts, of which one stands about two
feet back from each door, surrounded
by the burning sulphur. The sul-
phur fumes are sulphurouts acid (ga's),
*which unites with another equivalent
of oxygen, expelled from the nitrate
of soda, forming sulphuric acid,.which
is also in the form of gas. This con-
denses on the sheet lead forming the
.sides of the chamber and drips down
into the pan. From this it is con.
veyed over by a suction pump through
a pipe into the mixing, pan where it
unites with the ground phosphate.
The capactiy of the factory is about
ten tons of sulphuric acid pir d.
.~~~ -r d l-: i
Watchl this space for
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUI.T-GIOWER.
1895.TE LRD AMEADFUIGRWR78
Three tons of sulphur will make about
nine tons of acid.
In the furnace room of the chamber
the fumes of sulphur are almost stifling,
causing a person with weak lungs to
cough. Yet it is said that the men
who work here are perfectly healthy,
never troubled wish fever or malaria
in any form.
On the other hand, the men who
are employed around the bone mill
soon become fevered, and they have
to be worked in shifts, changing about
every five hours.
At the present time about twenty
hands are employed in the factory.
,The orders for fertilizer which are be-
ing filled are chiefly from the farmers
of West and Middle Florida and Geor-
gia. There is a large demand for acid
phosphate among the .cotton planters
of that region; the unexpected prices
obtained for the staple this fall have
greatly stimulated the industry, as well
as furnishing the means for large pur-
chases of fertilizer for the ensuing year.
The proprietors have now a sufficient
number of orders on hand for acid
phosphate to keep them employed all
winter. There is a little trade spring-
ing tip again in the orange and vegeta-
ble regions of South Florida, and if the
winter is not unfavorable this will as-
sume very considerable proportions
before spring opens.
The Messrs. Little Brothers and the
Secretary, Mr. John E. Stillman, have
orange groves at Orange City and else-
where, which are coming along rapid-
ly toward a complete recovery, and on
these properties the proprietors dem-
onstrate their faith in their own fertil-
izers. The results in growth and in
fruit production have been satisfactory.
While this factory is by far the most
extensive plant of its kind in the State,
we were informed that, had it not been
for the freeze of last winter, a large ad-
dition would have been necessary by
this time to have supplied the demand
for the Little Brothers fertilizers. The
proprietors express great confidence in
the future of the fertilizer business in
Florida, saying "Men may come and
men may go," but they cannot go far
in Florida without fertilizer.
BUSINESS NOW IN HAND.
The proprietors now have enough
contracts for fertilizer and acid phos-
phate in Middle and West Florida and
Georgia to keep tihe factory running to
its full capacity until April. For in-
stance, they have sold to Mr. Randall
Pope, of Madison, Fla., twenty-four
car loads of cotton fertilizers; and to
four large dealers in Georgia two H'un-
dred car loads of phosphate, besides a
great number of smaller orders.
The following communication is of
great importance, not only to rice
planters but to every citizen of Louis-
iana if not of the Nation. We must
confess, daily rice eater that we are,
that we did not know that red rice
was even as good as the white, but if
better all prejudices against it should
disappear. Thewriter of the follow-
ing; is largely interested in rice:
. The New Orleans -papers, notably
the Picayune, are devoting considera-
Sie attention and giving the Calcasieu
section lots of fatherly advice regard-
ing its red rice. Instead of--commen-
dation or rather presentation of its
merits there is wholesale condemna-
tion and it is declared most unmarket-
able, thus helping to further under-
mine values which are now at ruinous
prices so far as the product of this sec-
tion is concerned. The offense would
be venial if committed by others else-
where not of the South, but here we
have exemplified that old saying:
"Wounded in the house of its friends."
With its widespread circulation and
long list of exchanges it is doing a
damage to this section which can
scarcely be estimated. Utterances of
this character are taken by journals
North, West, East and throughout the
South and red rice-is getting to be re-
garded as ifitwere an unclean food to
They go so far as to dub it "pest
rice" which suggests something noxi-
ous, mischievous .or destructive. On
the other hand Messrs. Dan Telmage's
Sons, New York, are seeking to estab-
lish a counter-current, and thereby to
further its sale. They say in a recent
letter to one of our planters: "We
cannot see why. the New Orleans
A 1; A A d
Cassava seed is simply the canes or
stalks, generally about two or three
feet long, which are kept through the
winter, then cut into sections from
four to six inches long and planted in
the ground. The ground is plowed
deep and prepared in every particular
as for corn, marked off with furrows
and cross furrows into checks three or
four feet square-the wider distance
apart in the richer soil-and a shovel-
ful of good manure or a handful of
commercial fertilizer stirred into the
soil where where each hill is to be.
Drop the section of stalk flat in the
furrow and cover it six inches deep,
stepping on each hill or patting it well
down with the hoe. The seed needs
-to be well packed with mellow earth
deep enough down to secure perma-
nent moisture, else there is danger
that it will dry out in the customary
spring drouth and fail to germinate.
You must take care not to place it
is tdoo close proximity to a quantity
ot coarse manure, which would have
the same effect.
Cassava canes usually sell at about
one dollar per hundred feet or $1.25
Some Sweet Potato Experiments.
oep epe are so own up a y
red rice. As a result of the light After a most laborious and brain-
esteem in which such is held by New trying series of experiments with sweet
Orleans, it fails to realize any de- potatoes I have come to the conclu-
cent figure. We can hardly suppose .sion, almost, that it is a waste of capi
our milling facilities in New York are tal to fertilize sweet potatoes, providing
superior to theirs and yet, we find your land is fairly rich. I dabbled in
our output of this character sells just all sorts and kinds of fertilizers this
as easily as the white and at fairly summer, expecting to discover just
relative figures, considering the bad what the potatoes needed and to as-
name which the New Orleans people tonish my neighbors next year. Inci
have given it. We claim that the dentally I hoped to be able to raise
Creole rice i. e. red rice, is the best more than enough potatoes to satisfy
rice in the world, not simply just as the insatiable appetites of my neigh-
good as the whiter sorts, nor again, bors' razorbacks, as in this case I
that its relative cheapness should im- might be ableable to save a few for myself.
pel customers -from economic motives Heretofore my yield has been only
to give it their preference, but taking moderate, and after the razorback had
a broad and correct ground, that it is had his, share there was nothing left
intrinsically the best rice and its un- for my suffering family.
popularity a confession of ignorance. I can't say that my experiments
"The intrinsic value of any bread- taught me anything, except, possibly,
stuff should be estimated by its nutri- to leave the experimenting business in
tious properties, and an analysis some future to younger farmers, who have
years ago-by the Government chemist a long life before them and can afford
r ato monkey around with chemicals and
at Washington demonstrated that the to monke around with chemicals and
Creole, or red, rice of Louisiana was waste valuable ground in growing
far and away ahead of white rice, do- vines as long as the moral law and
mestic or foreign." tubers as small as a politician's con-
Go to, Picayune, or lend a hand in science.
building up patronage for the best kind After my "patch" was in, and hav-
of the best food ever grown on the face- ing a piece of ground that was already
of the, earth, of which Calcasieu this prepared, I determined to do some ex-
year has enough and to spare.-Sugar ;perimenting for the reasons aforesaid.
Planter's ournalSugar :I went at it systematically, like the
anter our State Experiment Stations. I divided
Cassava Queries. the ground into plats and numbered
each plat, keeping a record of the
FiditorParmer and Fruit-Grower. time of planting, quantity and kind
I want to buy some cassava seed to of fertilizer used and method of culti-
plant for stock on my place in Nor- vation.
walk, Florida. Can you inform me The variety planted was the com-
where I can obtain seed, how it monest kind of common Florida pota-
comes, the way of planting and cost ? toes. The runners were cut from stand-
P. 0. HILBOURN. ;overs and put in.the ground July 25th,
Boston, Mass. entirely too late I thought. They were
We do not at present know where fertilized as follows:
you can purchase cassava seed; but No. i. Ground tobacco stems.
every year before planting time comes No. 2. Commercial fertilizer, con-
there are advertisements of seed for training potash, 8 percent.; phosphoric
sale in our columns and doubtless acid, 5 per cent.; ammonia, 6 per
there will be this 'year. In the lati- ;cent.
tude of Norwalk you will not need to No. 3. Sulphate potash (48 per
plant it before February or March. cent.)
No. 4. Blood and bone (phosphoric
acid, 10 to 14; ammonia, .7 to 8), and
low grade sulphate potash.
On No. 5 I had nothing to apply
that I thought would do any good,
but I mixed nitrate of soda, muriate of
potash and ground Florida phosphate
in the following proportions: Nitrate
of soda, 2 pounds; potash, i ~ pounds,
and Florida phosphate, 4 pounds.
After my experimental plats were
planted I had a few vines left. These
I stuck in the ground where beans had
been planted the previous spring. Ber-
muda grass had a good start there,
and I let it grow, and it grew about as
fast as the vines.
I am grieved to say that, with the
exception of plats Nos. i and 5, and
the Bermuda plat, the experiments
were without startling results, except
in vines. The yields where the ground
tobacco and combination of nitrate .of
soda, muriate of potash and phosphate
were used were highly satisfactory,
especially on the No. 5 plat; but
when the cost of this mixture is taken
into consideration, I am of the opinion
that the ground tobacco is tlie best,
as the yield was only a little less and
the cost not near as great. -
The land used for the main crop
was exceptionally good pine 'land..
Had it been otherwise, the compar-
ison, doubtless, would have been more
favorable to the experiments.
But the greatest surprise was the
Bermuda plat. The land was -not
cultivated after the vines were planted
and the Bermuda formed a solid sod
over the ground; the vines of the po-
tatoes were small, and I expected no
results, but the yield was equal to
that of my pet plats, and in some
cases better. The tubers, at any rate,
were in better shape, being longer and
not so lumpy.
Now, after I have averaged up my
experiments, I am undecided. If it
were not for the extra labor in har-
vesting the potatoes I would be
tempted next year to plant my crop
on my wife's Bermuda lawn. Of
course I would have a double' object
in view. My neighbor's razorbacks
detest a Bermuda sod, if they can get
anything else. At least it would take
them longer to root up their share of
potatoes from a solid lawn of Bermu-
da than it would from nice loose rows.
To recapitulate, I think it best to
plant potatoes on good average land
in rows moderately high, and, if any
fertilizer at all is used, I would recom-
mend ground tobacco put under the
rows at the time of planting. Per-
haps, if the soil is thin, it would be
best to use the No. 5 "mixture, but I
would suggest that the muriate of pot-
ash and Florida phosphate be increased
in the mixture. This would, of course,
reduce the amount of nitrate. and
would, doubtless, make smaller vines
and larger tubers.-Florida Agricul-
BRowN's BRONCHIAL TROCHES are of
great service in subduing Hoareeness
and Coughs. Sold only in boxes. Avoid
0R I IF T
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GREOWBR.
A FERTILIZER FOR $27.00 A TON.
A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to
EARLY VEGE TABLES A]ND OLRAINGE TREE S.
-3GUARAllTTEEID AB; ALYSIS :
Ammonia, 4- to 5fr per cent. *
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent.
Potash (Actual) -- 6 to 8 per cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, 11 to 13 per cent.
Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.
We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, 0. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.
WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.
Write Us for Prices before Buying.
~VI14SON~ & 'rOOMEI~,
A No-Fence Law Not Desirable.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower :
I have been reading with interest
the letters which have appeared in
your paper lately on the fence ques-
tion, and should like if you would
kindly give me space for a few lines
6nr the above.
I have been in Florida about four-
teeh years, and have always been
anxious to see the free range of hogs
stopped. I think, however, a no-
fence law would be an injury to the
State, and am satisfied to agitate for
such wouldtend to delay indefinitely
our getting rid of the hog nuisance.
The groves and fields now enclosed
are mostly cattle proof, and if a no-
fence law were passed, how many
men would be satisfied with a young
grove of budded trees, or a patch of
corn or vegetables standing in the
open woods, with the chance of its
being injured by the accidental tres-
passing of his own or neighbors'
stock ? If then, we are going to
have a cattle proof fence anyhow,
why lose the benefit of the grass on
the thousands of acres of unoccupied
land?? Should a man not wish to
have his wild land pastured by other
people's stock he can fence it and
thereby secure 'it all for his own use,
and he would gain no more. by the
passing of a no-fence law, as he would
have to do so then in order to keep
his cattle from trespassing on his
The passing of a no-fence law would
mean a great reduction in the num-
ber of cattle in the State. It would
mean higher priced beef and higher
taxes, and more money going out for
barbed wire. Nearly all the letters
which are written in favor of a no-
fence law, have for their burden the
damage done by the "razor-back;"
and the expense and difficulty of
keeping him out, and I am satisfied if
the hog's free range were taken from
him, we would have little agitation on
the fence question.
Some years ago a man carried
oound-this. district two-petitions, one
craving a no-fence law, and the other
simply the keeping up of the hog.
The former had hardly a signature,
while the latter was numerously signed,
and yet the people here are compara-
tively slightly interested in cattle. All
that is necessary is to have the law
changed, so as to make three strands
of barbed wire set at a certain distance
from the ground, and the posts a stated
number of feet apart, a legal fence
against all stock; or if the fence is of
plank, or other material, one that would
correspond with the above.
One of the main causes of damage
being done by cattle is the poor fences
some people put up. A man puts two
wires on posts twenty feet apart, and
does not even have them tight. The
first thing that happens is that a cow
learns she can go through, with the re-
sult that the balance of her existence
is spent trying to break into'fields.
WM. Y. DOUGLAS.-
Dunedin, December 7.
Remedy for Sanded Horses.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower :
In reply to your enquiry relating to
"sanded stock," let me recommend a
remedy used very successfully in my
practice.in such. cases.
For a bad case, give one-half ounce:
calome', made into a paste with flour
and a little syrup. Make into a lump
or bolus, pull out the tongue of the
sick animal to its full length, place the
bolus on the root of the tongue and
release the tongue, when the animal
will swallow the dose. In two hours
give one quart of linseed oil.
This has cured many cases, and no
bad results followed the use of the
mercurial. J. C. NEAL, M. D.
Oklahoma Agricultural and .
Mechanical College, >
Stillwater, Okla., Dec. 3, 1895. *
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
I note in a recent issue of your val-
uable paper an enquiry for a remedy
'for sand in horses. Here sand kills
more. horses than all other diseases
combined. The best remedy I ever
tried, and one that very seldom fails,'
is to use 'injections of water, with a
'fountain pump. Never stop injecting
until you bring the sand, and at the
same time give the horse a purgative.
Take a piece of beef rennet as large
as your two hands, boil in two quarts
of water well, then strain through a
piece of cheese cloth and drench the
horse as soon as it is cold enough.
Then confine the horse in a stable,
and never allow him to go out; feed
him on dry feed-corn, oats, bran,
hay, fodder or rice straw. If you turn
the horse out as soon as the sand
passes he will get it back in a.short
time. Keep him up ten or fifteen
days on dry feed. .There will not be
a particle left. It is much more diffi-
cult to get the sand from a mule. -A
mule should never be allowed to run
out. A fountain pump will bring the
sand much better than anything. Use
plenty of water; pump the horse until
you rinse him out.
F. C. M. BOGGESS.
Fort Ogden, Fla.
A Valuable Work.
Such is the catalogue issued by G.
L. Taber, of Glen St. Mary,, Florida.-
It is a work of art, and the illustra-
tions, reproduced from photographs,
show the fruits,of the lower. South true.
Its greatest value, however, is in the
directions for planting and cultivating
and the general treatment of decidu.
oils: truits in :Florida and the Gulf
States. We have examined hundreds
of catalogues, but have never seen one
of equal value to the Southern grower.
We advise every one of our readers to
obtain this catalogue,, which can be
had on application to Mr. Taber.
SAt'a growers' meeting in Orlando
Messrs. Dickson and Gore spoke on
the .subject of canaigre culture, and
stated that an arrangement .had been
made.to plant fifty acres in that pro-
duct as an experiment, 'and. the gen-
tleman having the experiment in charge
would furnish the. seed to farmers at
actual cost. The matter was, upon
motion, referred to the special corn,
mittee on tobacco and cotton.
SUS. We sell your Poultry, Veals,
U ruits and all, produce' at high-
Si t prices. )AiLY RETURNS. For
R i- lstencils, 'prices and references.. wrii
- I. SAGE & SONS, 183 eade S., .
By E. Dwiglit-Sanderson, Student at
Michigan Agricultural College,
From the Florida Ruralist.
The -science of entomology-like.
many of the sciences now recognized'
as among the most important-is con-.
paratively new and still in its forma-
tive period. Yet its economic value'
is coming to be more and "more rec-
ognized. The losses occasioned by'
insect plagues have ever been and still'
are, a notorious nuisance.
It is estimated that in 1864 the loss
on the corn and grain crops of Mis-
souri by the chinch bug was $73,000,-
.00ooo, and in 1887 among nine states
infested, the loss was $6o,ooo,ooo00.
In 1891 the loss of one farmer in
Kansas on 100 acres of -alfalfa by
grasshoppers was $2,000, and he was-
'only one of many. The damage done
by the gypsy moth in Massachussetts,
Iwas so great that appropriations 'of.
about '$350,000 were made by the
:State for its extermination.
: One of the most serious pests of
recent date is that of the cotton-ball
weevil in Texas. This importation
from Mexico has spread over one-
:sixth of the cotton-producing portion:
jof the State, and if its ravages be not
!quickly checked the damage will :be:
It is estimated that during the.year
1894 the loss was from 25 per cent. to
!90 per cent. in the infected regions,
This meant 15 per cent. of the whole:
crop of. the State, or in. round figures
:3 per cent. of the United States, or 2
per cent. of the whole product, with a
|farm valuation of over $8,oo0,o0o.
:Incredible as these figures seem they
may readily be calculated from official.
Prof. Jas. Fletcher, Dominion Ento-
mologist of Canada, in i891 estimated
'that out of an agricultural product of
:$3,800, o000, ooo the United States ai-
nnually lost $380,000,000 by insect
pests. :Such a loss seems.almost be-
yond belief, but is in itself a conclu-
!sive proof that whatever the cost 'of
:study sand experiment may be that -it
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
1896. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 791
cannot but more than pay for itself.
Here is a sum sufficient to carry on
the administration of all branches ol
the National Government. If only
one-fifth of this could be saved it
would be sufficient to pay for the edu-
cation of every college student in the
Various methods of extermination
of these pests are practiced. The
gypsy moth has been exterminated in
Massachussetts, and through the in-
strumentality of entomologists in
abating the ravages of grasshopers in
North Dakota and -Minnesota in 1891,
the farmers of those States were saved
$400,000. Through the work of the
entomologists at the Virginia Experi-
ment Station, the potato growers
around Norfolk now do for $40 or $50
what they formerly paid $500 or $6oo
for. By a simple rotation of crops a
pest has been starved out and thus
thousands of dollars saved. A hop-
per dozer has also proved an efficient
aid in securing a crop. Spraying is a
method now in common use, but in
order to apply it effectually the struc-
ture and habit of the foe must be
Another method of extermination
which is now attracting much atten-
tion from entomologists is that of en-
couraging such animals as are parasi-
tic on a pest. One of the greatest
triumphs of entomology has been the
introduction of species of Australian
lady birds into California, and the rid-
dance by them of the San Jose or
Pernicious scale. Many other valuable
allies have thus been made use of, and
by a proper study and encouragement
of such parasites a great deal can be
That the annual loss may be much
lessened seems to be clear, as ever in
progress and reform the method is
education and legislation. By our.
agricultural colleges, farmers' insti-
tutes and home reading circles, the
former can be accomplished, and by
the agriculturists insisting upon their
being represented by progressive and
public spirited men, the latter will
Work will begin at once on Mr. E.
N. Reasoner's four-thousand-dollar
home at Oneco, which will be one of
the handsomest residences in the coun-
ty. The contract is in the hands of
Mr. George Primley, of Tampa.-
Manatee River Journal.
Editor Hal W. Bennett, former pro-
prietor of the LeRoy News, who sold
out a year ago to make his fortune in
California, writes back that he is satis-
fied that Florida, as an orange-growing
State,. notwithstanding the freeze, has
advantages over the Golden State in
growing oranges that places her ahead
of any State in the Union, and will re-
turn here again to embark in the
growing of the golden fruit.
'"Tis Love that makes ihe world go round"
Butr ija Pace Fence i(oa makes things in the
aorld go round, orgo thiougon [be gate.. (We make
PAGes WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO. Adrian Mich.
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mich.
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla.
Eight Hundred a Year Out of Five
What will some farm-poultry de
tractors say to that? What will some
of the sneerers at the "common hen"
say to that? They were "common
hens" most decidedly, there being
scarcely a thoroughbred bird other
than the males on the place. Traces
of Barred Plymouth Rock blood were
plentiful, and Brown Leghorn blood,
and light Brahma blood; and in one
house was a stalwart White Plymtouth
Rock cock who was being kept over
for a second year's duty; but all of
the five hundred birds in the laying
houses, and all of the five hundred or
six hundred chickens roaming the
fields or woods were first or second or
third crosses, were of all sorts and all
sizes, and couldn't positively have told
what their parentage was.
The production of eggs is Mr.
Brooks's business, and he keeps his
fowls until they are two-and-a-half
years old-that is, until they have
rounded out two years of laying. By
this method he renews one-halt of his
laying stock each season, raising about
five hundred chickens. This gives
him two hundred and fifty cockerels
and two hundred and fifty two-year-
old fowls to sell at market each year.
We asked him if he wouldn't get a
greater egg yield from all pullets, and
get also the returns from those addi-
tional two hundred and fifty birds sold.
He thought that probably he would,
but said that would necessitate raising
about one thousand chickens, which
would mean doubling the chicken
work. This, of course, is a debatable
question. We would state the case in
this way: Four hundred early-maturing
pullets would probably give one as
many eggs in a year as five hundred
half pullets and halfyear-olds. The
sale of four hundred year-olds would
doubtless net $75 (fifty cents apiece on
one hundred aad fifty), more than the
sale of the two hundred and fifty two-
year-olds, and as the four hundred
cockerels hatched with the pullets
would sell for enough to more than
pay for the food of both themselves
and the pullets, we would expect to
clear fully one hundred more profit
from the four hundred turned out
yearly than from the five hundred,
half of them turned off yearly. If we
are right in this position, there is also
the advantage of saving the food on
one hundred head. Allowing $1.25
a year as the cost of feeding a fowl,
the saving on the food of one hundred
would be $125, which, added to the
$100oo cleared from the sale of the addi-
tional fowls and cockerels, would give
us $225 increased profit.
Stated concretely, five hundred
fowls kept upon the plan of renewing
one half the laying stock each year,
pays $8oo a year net profit, while four
hundred fowls kept upon the plan of
renewing all the laying stock each year
would pay $1.025 a year net profit.
We believe fully in the annual renew-
al of the laying stock, as paying a sub-
stantially better profit.
Mr. Brooks houses fifty birds in a
POPULAR POULTRY FARM
+ THOROU:H]B]RD +
Good General Purpose Fowl. Best Table Fowl known.
Greatest layer of large, White Eggs.
General purpose Fowl, Best Asiatic for Florida
FOWLS FOR SALE. 030 EGGS IN SEASON.
A few Cockerels at $r 50 and $2 oo. Will cost more next month. Buy now and save 50 per
cents. Fowls shipped at single express rates. One half the usual cost.
MEAT MEAL, CRYSTAL GRIT, OYSTER SHELL, ETC.
s. iS. DeATOY, PROP.
Having other property will sell my Orange and Poultry Farm located on LakeApopka. 18
Acres, 12 in Grove. Good building, stock, implements. etc. Bargain price. Terms easy; or will
exchange for well located property. Write.
as Shown. E|i s I i I.-
*z chops, easily, meat for sausage, hash, and mince meat,
,- suet, tripe, cod fish, scraps for poultry, corn for fritters, etc.
No. 5, $2.-No. 10, $3. The only perfect chopper ever made. All sizes, from the
small family chopper to the largest power machine. Ask for it at the hardware
dealers. Catalogue free. THE ENTERPRISE MFG. CO., 3d & Dauphin Sts., PHILADELPHIA, PA.
housed shaped like an "A" tent, i2X
16 feet on the ground, and eight feet
high to the ridge pole. As they are
set upon a hill side, a foundation of
rubblestones is built up to make the
sills level, and the roof slopes directly
to the sills.' .Five or six of these
houses sit side by side, in a row, being
but a few (four or five) feet apart, and
there are no yards whatever; the birds
are kept shut within the houses until
noon, then given free range of a
rocky pasture lot of four or five acres,
so rocky-was it we thought we could
play "I ain't ki-yi" all over it without
once stepping on the ground, which
was absolutely bare of grass. We
said five or six of the houses were in
this row, the others (there were about
ten in all) were somewhat scattered,
more upon the "colony" plan.
This is a very simple story, but it
effectually answers the question, "Can
I make a living keeping poultry ?"
There is certainly a living, and a good
living, in that $800 net profit from
five hundred hens, even if the farm is
eight miles from a railroad.-Farm
DISEASES OF THE BOWELS.
Sudden changes of food, too much
rich food, colds, or a regular diet of
one article, will often cause derange-
ment of the bowels. The mode of
treatment depends upon the cause of
the difficulty. If the bowels, are in
such a condition as to loul the bird,
it is due to cold, and a warm place,
with a few pinches of ginger, is the
proper treatment. If the trouble is
from constipation, add a few tea-'
spoonfuls of linseed meal to the soft
food of a dqzen hens. In all cases-it
is best to cease all food except rice
boiled in milk and fed in a cold,, hard
NAPHTHA AS AN INSECT DESTROYER. :
Naphtha is a cheap substance, but
very volatile, and for that reason
should never be used in the presence
of a lighted lamp or candle. Use it
in daylight, deluge the roosts, walls,
nests, and every portion of the hen-
house with it, and if it touches a louse
it will expire instantly. It evaporates
in a few minutes, is not greasy and no
traces of it remain. It can be used
as freely as water.
LEG WEAKNESS IN FOWLS.
This season'there have been a very
large number of complaints of leg
weakness in fowls. Heretofore it
has been very unusual. There are
several causes of leg weakness, among
them the feeding of sulphur. If
sulphur is given in damp weather
it acts almost like a poison, and affects
the bones, causing pains in the limbs
similar to rheumatism. We have ex-
perimented with its use and found the .
results as stated. Then again, damp-'
ness of the quarters conduces to leg
weakness, and so will over-feeding.
When the hens have good appetites
and appear well except unable to
move about freely, remove them from
the male, as very often his attentions-
are the cause of the difficulty.
N EW MAMMOTH-
PoultryGuidefor 1896 Tinent
book ever published, contains nearly li")
pages, all printed in colors, plas i or b-r[
poultry houses, sure remedies and recipes
for all diseases, and how to make poultry
j. .ea an6d gardening pay. Sent posE paidfor 15c.
:i a JohnBauscher, Jir., box S Freepoit, Ill- '
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. DECEMBER 1-4,
Mr. J.; N. McL'ean informs us that
he has packed over 7,000 crates of
oranges which have gone out from
Messrs. Creech & Stewart shipped
four barrels of egg plants to Chicago
via express, the charges were $20.62.
Another party shipped three orange
boxes egg plants to Philadelphia, all
rail freight, charges, $1. i per box, i i
days en route, one box lost in packing.
What is the truck farmer to do ?-
Banyan item in-itusville Star.
Speakers at a farmers' mass meet-
ing at Ocala last week, considering
the subject of tobacco growing, re-
lated that in the town of Quincy in
upper Florida during the past month
seven leaf tobacco buyers had in one
week paid $70,000 for tobacco, rang-
ing in price from forty to ninety cents
a pound. Also as early as 1852 Mr.
James Gamble grew Io,ooo pounds
near McIntosh, sent it to the World's
Crystal Palace Fair at New York,
where it took first premitun. The crop
was sent to Germany and sold for
$1.25 a pound.-Braidentown Journal.
If the ranging of cattle in a town is
bad, the plague of hogs is a hundred
times worse. Luckily we are not thus
annoyed, but our sympathies are called
out for our friends in Oviedo and
Lake Charm, who are troubled to the
point of desperation. About a hun-
dred head of hogs are loose there,
causing a loss to those places, estima-
ted at not less than six hundred dol-
lars a month, by rooting up young
crops, destroying mature ones and by
preventing the planting of others.
The evil has become. so great that it
has been soberly proposed that if the
hog men .will pen up their hogs, the
rest of the people will give them one-
fourth of everything they raise on the
lands thus redeemed. In this way
they hope to be able to feed their fam-
ilies, even if no money crops are raised
while the hog men will be able to live
in,a luxury that befits their legal posi-
tions as masters and lords of the soil.
The fight between the local fish
dealers and the railroads has assumed
another phase, the latest move being
one in favor of the corporations. It
will be.remembered that the restora-
tion of the old rate was announced
last week and that. the local dealers
were congratulated, on their victory.
Since then,, however, another order
has been issued from headquarters
% ," "
aria me concession nas oeen revoKeo.
This leaves t~" exorbitant and pro. A Small Fair.
hibitory rate imposed under the deal First talk it over with your mother,
made between the F. C. and P. the says Harper's Round Table. Get her
Plant System and Southern Express advice and co-operation for girls can
Company in full force and the fish always carry on affairs of this sort best
dealers are not feeling as good as they if they have their mother's help and
were. It is an open secret that the sympathy.. It is very nice to talk
matter was brought to the attention of all one's plans over with one's mother.
the interstate railroad commission If mamma approves, write notes to
some time ago and that the Tampa your most intimate friends, asking
fish men had fully determined to make them to a meeting at your home on
a big fight on what they naturally the first convenient day. Saturday af-
considered an attempt to build, up the ternoon at four o'clock, for instance,
Southern Express Company. at their is a good time for most girls to spare
expense, and it goes without saying an hour. Of course there are some
that this latest move on the-part of the girls whom you can invite verbally. It
corporations will-again 'stir up 'the-is not worth while to write a note to
dealers to action. -Tampa Tribune. Mary Adrain, whom you walk to
Our Rural Home.
Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS,
St. Thomas, Fla.
Cleaning Black Silk.
There are many recipes for renovat-
ing black silk, but the following I have
tried successfully: Place each piece on
a smooth, clean table, use a wad of the
material you are cleaning for a sponge,
and rub with this dipped in the clean-
ing fluid in downward strokes until
each piece is well wet. The fluid may
be equal parts of alcohol and luke-warm
water; it may be cold coffee, strained,
or water in which an old black glace
kid glove has been boiled. This latter
mixture is a glove put into a pint of
water and boiled down to a half pint,
or two gloves in a quart of water.
Each and every one of these fluids are
excellent in effect. Sponge the goods
on what will be the right side when
made up, as some silks can be turned
after being worn. Hang each piece
on a line to drip. When nearly dry,
but still quite damp, iron with a mod-
erately warm iron on the wrong side,
placing a piece of soft black cambric
or crino'ine between the iron and the
goods, and ironing each piece until it
is perfectly dry. They lay away the
pieces without folding them.
If the selvage edges seem to draw
after the silk is wet, cut them here and
there to give a leeway. Some persons
do not iron silk, thinking that as it
drips dry over the line it will be per-
fectly smooth, but this does not give
as handsome an appearance as ironing.
The ironing must always be done on
the wrong side and over a second fab-
ric, which must be black if the mate-
rial is dark-colored. If there are any
grease spots on the silk, remove them
with naphtha, rubbing it on with a
piece of the silk, or with French chalk.
The latter is spread on the spot, left
there over night, and brushed off in
the morning. If the spot remains, try
the chalk again. This must be done
before the silk is cleaned. French
chalk can be had from the druggist's,
and may be used on any fabric or color.
Benzine will remove paint, but it some-
times leaves a stain like water, which
may be removed with French chalk.
Another plan to remove grease from
silk is to rub a lump of wet magnesia
over the spot, allowing it to dry, and
then brushing off the powder. No
matter what material is being cleaned,
use a piece of the same color and fabric
to do the rubbing with.-Ladies' Home
school with every day, or to Susie
Spader whose seat in school adjoins
your own. Having brought your
APPOINT ONE YOUNG LADY TO TAKE
and then state as clearly as you can,
with her permission, the object of the
meeting. Tell about the charity you
wish to aid. It may be a babies' hos-
pital, or a poor family, or a crippled
child who is in need of medical attend-
ance and relief. More money is nec-
essary than you can give outright, so
you think it would be nice to have a
fair, and devote the money gained to
the excellent purpose you have in
Probably there will be no objec-
tions. The question of funds will come
up, and if each one of you can donate
a small sum, say twenty five cents a
piece, you can buy with the whole
amount sufficient material to make a
great many pretty and easily saleable
articles, such as doilies, tea cloths,
centre pieces, carving clothes, cases
for brushes and combs, crotcheted
slippers for the bedside, and other
dainty bits of handiwork.
THESE WILL FURNISH YOUR FANCY
When the time comes for your fair,
make a quantity of delicious home-
made cAndy, and put it in pretty
boxes, daintily wrapped in paraffine
paper. Take orders before hand for
your candy. You will have no
trouble in selling caramels, chocolate
creams, peppermint creams, and old-
fashioned molasses candy. I am sure
about this part of the fair, for I
know that home-made candy, if good,
vanishes like magic when little cooks
Dolls, prettily dressed, will find
many willing buyers, and with the
hollidays just before us, you ought to
secure orders for dolls among your
friends. Dolls dressed in costume as
queens, shepherdesses,' fairies, and
sailors, are very attractive.
The Art of Washing.
For muslin washing-and who
would not like to rival the Quakers
and wear kerchiefs and gowns of
snowy hue and web like texture?-
prepare two basins at once, one filled
with warm water and melted soap
lather, the other with rinsing water.
Shake your articles, be it curtain,
apron or skirt. Immerse, squeeze,
and knead. Muslin requires the same
handling as lace. Don't rub. Any
spots or stains may be brushed gently
with a soft toothbrush. If obstinate,
pour borax mixture through. This is
made with a pinch of borax thoroughly
dissolved in a little boiling water. It
is a very valuable cleaning and bleach-
ing agent, if used carefully and in
the right proportions.
I never allow muslin to be wrung
in my laundry, except through a
towel. This prevents pulling and
fraying, yet dries it quite enough, as
you need it damp in order to starch
I must give the formula for boiled
starch: One tablepoonful of white
starch, two tablespoonfuls of cold
water, one-quarter inch common can-
dle, one-half teaspoonful of borax.
Positively the one Remedy for the treat-
Simple and Aggravated forms of
Dyspepsia and Palpitation of the Heart
Does your food sour after eating? Are
you easily confused and excited? Do
you get up in the morning tired and un-
r freshed, and with a bad taste in the
Is there a dull cloudy sensation, at-
tended by disagreeable feelings in the
head and eyes?
Are you irritable and restless ?
Does your heart thump and cause you
to gasp for breath after climbing a flight
of stairs? ,
Does it distress you to lie on the left
Have you impaired memory, dimness
of vision, depression of mind and, gloomy
These symptoms mean that you are
suffering from Dyspepsia and Nervous
There is no other remedy extant that
has done so much for this class of trou-
If your case has resisted the usual
methods of treatment we are particularly
anxious to have yon give this compound
We guarantee relief in every case and
will cheerfully refund your money should
our remedy fail to produce the most grat-
Please remember that the appellation
Patent Medicine does not apply to
Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound.
It is a prescription put up by a leading
physician who has made stomach and
nervous troubles a specialty for years.
We court investigation and earnestly
urge all physicians to write us for the
formula of SCOTT'S CARBO DIGES-
TIVE COMPOUND, which we will mail
on application, that they may satisfy
themselves of its harmless character and
Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound
Is the- most remarkable. remedy that
science has produced. It has succeeded
where all other remedies have failed.
Sold by druggists everywhere. $1.00
per bottle. Sent to any address in
America on receipt of price.. ..
Don't forget that we cheerfully refund
your money if results are not satisfacto-
ry. Order direct if your druggist does
not have it.
Address all orders to
CONCORD CHEMICAL MFG. CO.,
For sale by J. E. Kirk & Co., Main and For-
syth streets, Jacksonville.
500 BOOKS, ETC., FREE.
Send Len cents and get by return mail a beau-
tirul souvenir or the Cotton States and Interna-
:aioal E~po.'tiou. poITage prepaid, and your
;ame aud address printed In the Atlanta Juurn-
al oi Cnmerce'- pecil Mail Order Directory"
tht 7-ill go to exhibitors and hundredsof mail
order firrm who will seud you sample books,
papers, etc., FREE
JOURNAL ofCOMM tCE,
THE PLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUaIT-GOWIB.
Mix the starch with the cold water
until quite smooth. Add the tallow
or wax. Stir well, and, while stir-
ring, pour on boiling water till the
starch becomes transparent. Then
add your borax previously dissolved
in a little boiling water.
The above would make anything
dipped in it very stiff. Of course,
for muslins it must be very much
Pass your things through, and dry
Before ironing sprinkle through a
rose. or sieve with warm water.
The white, dull spots, so often seen
on a clear-starched garment;, come
from using cold water for this damp-
ing.. Roll away tightly. Iron in an
hour's time with a hot iron, previously
well brightened and polished with
No one knows how much easier and
pleasanter and more satisfactory it is
to use properly kept heaters. I always
have- a board thickly covered with
powdered bath brick in my laundry,
on which the irons are rubbed every
time they are taken off the range. An
old soap box cover does very well, or
a bit from a broken orange case. It
costs nothing, and is invaluable to all
laundresses-amateur or professional
I wish every woman knew the capa-
bilities of her own hand basin.
In many cases while washing my
hands I have at the same time made
clean and dainty and fresh and sweet
some little thing of household use. I
think my palms and digits and wrists
are as soft and smooth and unchapped
and unreddened as any lady's need
be. I always dry them carefully and
use good soap.
If any one wishes to follow my ex-
ample I would bid her take courage.
There is nothing degrading or disgust-
ing or fatiguing in the art of washing.
It is a very pleasantly and cleanly, as
well as essentially a womanly pursuit.
The Rule for Mince Meat.
will make a large quantity. Cook to-
gether four pounds of meat, using the
lower, part ot the round, and two
pounds of suet until the meat is ten-
der. Cooking the suet saves the trou-
ble of chopping it. Cool in the water
in which it was cooked. Chop the
meat, add twice the amount of chopped
apples and the suet which was taken
off in a cake from the top of the meat.
Add three pounds of sugar, fourpounds
of raisins seeded and cut into pieces,
three pounds of currants, two cups of
molatses, three quinces chopped fine,
one halt pound of citron cut in small
pieces; one-quarter ounce of cloves,
one-half ounce each of cinnamon and
mace, two grated nutmegs, one tea-
spoonful of black pepper and salt to
taste.. Add also the juice of five lem
ons and six oranges: Moisten this
mince meat with cider, allowing three
quarts, and cook the mixture one or
ohe and ahalf hours. Add a quart of
California brandy to help keep the
mince meat, but it should not be
cooked with the meat. If this seems
too much use less, and. some may
choose to use more.
For mince pies line the plates with
plaipa paste and use either plain or puff
paste for the top. -If you want a very
thick pie-put t-worims between the up-
per and lower crusts; for a thinner pie
put one between and one on the top
edge of the upper crust, For a nice
pie cut the crusts and rims with a jag-
ger. Serve a mince pie slightly warm.
This is the season for colds and
kindred troubles that require treat-
ment with poultices. But so few
women can make a poultice properly,
and the patient so dreads the inevita
ble mess, that it is not always applied
when it might be of benefit. It is an
excellent plan to have some flax-seed
meal on hand. Keep a half pound in
a glass jar with the cover fastened on.
A yard or two of cheap white
cheese cloth should be kept ready
also for use in sickness. When a
poultice is needed have a pint of boil-
ing water in a long-handled saucepan,
and sift flax seed meal slowly through
the fingers into the water, stirring con-
stantly to prevent lumps. Let it cook
until smooth, then lifting the sauce-
pan from the stove, beat vigorously
for a moment with .a spoon. Then
set it back to keep the mixture boil-
ing hot. Repeat the heating and
beating several times; this makes the
mass smooth and oily. It ought to
be like a soft batter that drops easily
from the spoon. Before beginning
to cook the poultice cut or tear two
squares of cheese cloth, and when the
mixture is hot and smooth spread it
with the spoon on one piece of the
cheese cloth in a square form, leaving
a margin. Now turn the edges of the
cheese cloth up on to the mixture
like a hem, then lay the other piece
on top of this, allowing it to extend
beyond it at all the edges. You will
then have made the poultice without
soiling the hands and it may be ap-
plied without getting a particle of the
flax-seed mixture on to the patient's
body or garments. If the poultice is
made in the kitchen and is to be car-
ried to some distant room have two
plates heated and carry it between
them.-Our Grange Homes.
The knitted undersleeves for which
directions are given in another col
umn are a useful and almost essential
addition to the winter outfit. But it
you haven't time to knit them, or no-
body gives you a pair for Christmas,
take a pair of discarded stockings,
cut off the feet and wear them on
your arms. They will not fit as nice-
ly as the knitted ones which have a
gusset at the elbow and are widened
to the shape of the arm, but they will
add a great deal of comfort especially
when a flaring cape is worn.
As the weather grows colder don't
nut on more and more skirts but dress
with an equal distribution of warmth.
Buy some equestrienne tights, it is a
pity these comfortable garments have
no better name, and wear them when-
ever going out of door for any length
of time. One skirt, beside the heavy
dress skirt, is all any woman ought to
drag round under and it is all that the
best dressed do wear. Capes are
comfortable in many respects, but the
fashionable length leaves .the belt line
exposed. Many women wearing heavy
fur capes go round shivering because
right at the small of their backs where
their corsets are more or less apart
the cold air strikes like a knire. A
I -7 EVERY FAMILtY :
hOurtii n OiWuen THA.
man wouldn't stand such discomfort -
long, he would think of something to
prevent it or ask his wife to, and she
At all times it is wise to exercise P A
thrift, and because they can afford to
be generous to those who have not
been as fortunate as ourselves, but it
is more than ever necessary to be care-
ful of our goods and chattels during
these hard times. We cannot afford
to stand idle whilst these fences are aavrerremarkable rcmedr,both forIm.
out of repair, or the sheds and out- BRNAL, and EXTERNAL use, and won.
derfld in Its quitk action to relievedistress.
buildings want to be put in order. l1tsr1cureso.
Bags need mending, implements must Pain-Killer. urron. sue
ChIils, Diarrllea, Dysentery, Cramps,
be painted and "oiled, and a hundred Cholera, and aU rowes complaints.
and one little jobs will profitably occu- Pain-Killer THE RESTrem-
py any spare time that we may have Sickness, Sick Headar-he, Pain in the
B. ackor Side, Rheumatismi and Neuralgia.
or when the rain stops work outside Pain-Killer is unaetionai the
or in the field. The ingenious and ADE. i t brg s
handy farmer will make many a useful N all cases of Brulses Cuts, Sprains,
Severe Burne, ac.
implement from the wheels ot wornout Pain Kille Is the well tried and
trusted friend of the
plows or the ironwork oi other tools, Meh FicFrmer Planter, Sailor, and
etc., that have passed their period of n fact allclasseswanting a medicine alwaysat
hand, and safe to use internally or externally
usefulness in their original form. Mats, with certainty of relief.
ropes, halters and other useful articles IS RECOMMENDED
-By Physicians, by Missionaries, by tnfisters, by
can be made from the twine saved Mechansic, by Vurse in ospitats.
trom sheaved hay or grain; and very BY EVERYBODY.
many articles that are usually left lying Pain-Killer is., antedice vct 's
about the place, often to the injury of leave port without a supply:of t t.
the live stock, could either be put to InvaluabIe remedy ln the house. Itspricebrwing
it within the reach of all, and it will annually
some use upon the farm or sold for a bave many times its cost in doctors' bills.
trifle. Old plowshares and miscella- e"f imitation,, Take none bs thn
neous iron might be taken into the
township and sold, or at least should numerable small rills of money roll-
be put where it cannot cause accidents. in intothe general income during a
Some farmers make a good sum trom g into the general income during a
skins, horns and bones--but the bones year will make quite a considerable
ought to be used as manure. Skins of amount when added up. I have
rabbits, hares, dogs, horses, calves heard many farmers declare that the
sheep and all others have a value suffi: hens and the cows have brought
cieut to pay for all care in properly more money during the year than has
stretching and preserving them Feath- been obtained from the wheat and
ers and horse hair will pay for saving hay crops. The hen is a good one if
if nicely dried and kept clean. Many she lays one egg a day for a month,
ot these articles can be taken charge and the cow that gives three gallons
of by the children and weaker mem- of milk per day is better than an
bers of the family. Where there are average cow; but the value of the
wattles and pine trees the youngsters produce of both cow and hen is
can earn some money by gathering the, hardly worthy the attention of a man
gum from the first and gum-sandarach who expects to grow 3,000 bushels of
from the other. They can grow mint, wheat by the end of the season-and
from he other. They can grow mintiswife makes more
sage, thyme, parsley, tarragon, marjo- yet he finds that hisdozen cowife makes more
ram, balm, savory and other culinary r an
herds, which c n be dried in the shade, his large e fields th grain. Why
rubbed off the stalks, and sold to butch- isfrom hit thus large? Simply because the hens
ers, restaurant-keepers and others. I is it thus? Simply because their
know of one young woman who earned keep laying every day for.the greater
$200 in one year from drying thyme dole of milk every day-forthe greater
leaves alone, and she did the cooking part of the time, whilst he gets only
leavesalea ethe one crop for all his labor. See-
for a large family and attended to the the one crop tor all his labor. See-
other housework beside. Various kinds Img, then, that these .maller items
of medicinal herbs, roots and the like make profit it i desirable that we
might also be grown, but it would be oud gve tem some thought.
better for the older members to attend Catarrh Cannot be Cured .
to this part. Then there are certain with LOCAL APP.ICATIONS, as they
kinds of perfume plants which might cannot reach the seat of thediseas.e ( a-
be grown if there is a distillery near tarrh is a blood or constitutional disease,
be grown if there is a distillery near and in order to cure it you must take in-
enough; also plants which produce es- eternal remedies. Hall's Catarrh. Cure is
sential oils. Lavender, rose leaves and taken internally, and acts directly on the
some others can be dried, packed tight- blood and mucous surfaces. Hall's Ca-
ly into bags and sent to Europe for sale tarrh Cure is not a quack medicine. It
to th ditllre fo was prescribed by one of the beAt physi-
to the distilleries for perfumes. cans in this country for years, and is a
With regard to many products regular prescription. It is. composed of
which might be mentioned, it will be the.best tonics known, combined with the
said that the labor bestowed on their best blood-rurifiers, acting directly on the
production would not be repaid in the mucous surfaces. The perfect combina-
price realized for them. That is tion of the two ingredients is what pro-
price realized for them. That. is duces such wonderful results in curing
doubtless correct if we had something Catarrh. Send for testimt nials. free.
better to do with our time, but it does F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
not pay to do nothing, and the in- ll-Sold by.Druggists, 7c.
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower
A Weekly Newspaper- published at 16 Mai:
Street, Jacksonville. Fla.
TJERMIS 0' SUBSCRIPTION
For One Year .......................... 2.0
For Six Months............................ I.0
In Foreign Countries ...................... 3.0
MgSubscriptions in all cases cash i
advance. No discount allowed on one'
own subscription (except in a club), but t
all agents a liberal cash commission wil
he allowed on all subscriptions obtained
by them. Write for terms.
To every new subscriber we will, send
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden
ing in Florida." For two new sub
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orang
Rates of advertising on application.
Remittances should be made by check
postal note. money order or register
letter to order of
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,
Weather in Jacksonville.
Week Ending Dec. 9, 1895.
Mean ........ 40 s 6I 36 25
A. J. MITCHELL, Observer.
Peanut Culture; Sandy Soils; A Traveling
Cannery; How and What to Order for
Planting ..... .............. ............ 787
Making Fertilizer-The -Extensive Estab-
lishment of Messrs. Little Brothers...... 788
Cassava Queries; Some Sweet Potato Expe-
riments ; Red Rice ..................... 789
LIVE STOCK-A No-Fence Law Not Desira-
ble; Remedies for Sanded Horses........ 790
Economic Entomology..................... 790
POULTRY -Eight Hundred a Year Out of
Five Hundred Fowls; Poultry Notes..... 79,
STATE NEWS ....... ................. ... 792
OUR RURAL HOME -Cleaning Black Silk; A
Small Fair; The Art of Washing ......... 792
The Rule for Mince-Meat; Dress for Winter;
Minor'Industries........ ................. 793
EnDITORIAL-Pine-Lahd Syrups; Reflections
on a Georgia Peach; Waste of Corn Fod-
der ...................... .... ..... .. 794
MARKETS; Oranges; The Enormous. Potato
Crop............. ........... j ......... 795
Richness of the Peanut; What Careful
Shipping is Worth; The Extreme South
for Orange Culture; West Florida Fruits;
The Kola Nut............................. 795
Farm Talks ............. ..... .............. 797
Brevard's Pineapple Industry; The Way to
at Candy; ........ .... .............. 798
Pine Land Syrups.
It is a well known fact that grapes
grown on low, rich, alluvial soils do
not make as good wine as those grown
on drier and more gravelly or sandy
hillsides. The low land grapes make
a wine which has an earthy taste, and
whicli is destitute of the subtle flavor
and bouquet of the wines made from
upland grapes. For the same reason,
probably-the excess of vegetable
matter in the soil-the rich and rank
soils of the Mississippi river bottoms
do not produce as fine cane juice as
the. poorer sandy soil of the piney
woods. Louisiana molasses is coarse,
dark' and rank when compared with
the article produced from upland soils.
The .Louisiana planters find so little
demand for their low-grade syrups-
that they have seriously considered
the question of. using them for stock
feed, and last e'ar 'we read of a lot Of
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
several hundred barrels being poured settle in a compact body, if they wish
into the river. Florida pine-land syrups to preserve their religious customs and
n are not always the best in the world; their social atmosphere about them;
they are very uneven in quality; but and in fact, this is advisable for the
they have, when fairly well made, an family's sake, for women are prover-
o advantage over the Louisiana syrups, bially poor colonists if they are taken
o in that they. spring from a mineral into an entirely strange community
n soil and have a better, purer saccha- and a condition more primitive than
0 rine basis to begin with. If the farmers the one to which they have been
1 of Florida will improve their advan- accustomed.
d tages they can place on the market a The idea that men must dose them-
line of canned syrups that will become selves with bitters and quinine to
as famous and as much in demand as keep up their force in the South'is
- the maple syrups of Vermont. silly. There are aguish districts
, -- here, especially where the soil is rich
e Reflections on "A Georgia Peach." with rotting vegetable. matter, just as
The Rural New Yorker's interesting there are all through the West, and
articles on "A Georgia Peach" will make even the older East. If a man is so
an excellent advertising circular for the even the older East. If a man is so
d real estate agent, and, if I am not mis- foolish as to settle in such locations,
taken,you are planting thorns in many a without even waiting for the process of
man's pillow. The tendency of such a acclimation, very likely he will have
* write-up, even mhen accompanied by to. swallow bitters and quinine and
proper cautions and warnings, is well q
illustrated by the idely-copied accounts force his family to swallow them.
of the success of one man at Denison, And the family of such a man are
Tex., or the Van Buren, Ark. strawberry to be pitied. But if he will use
culture, or the Missouri Olden Fruit judgment and settle in a wholesome
Farm. A few men do well, but nothing district, where the soil is largely min-
is said of the many who unavailingly re- eral and not charged with recent
o great their going South. and not charged with recet
o A man in the North, we will suppose, and undecomposed vegetable deposits,
0 has $2,000. Where he lives the winters he will have little or no trouble on
o are cold, and, while he has a comfortable that score.
home, he is not getting on as he desires.
He reads these glowing accounts of fruit- There is no part or lot of the Na-
growing in the South. Discontent gets tional domain east of the Rocky
hold of him, and, as fire starts up in his Mountains (excepting always those
bones, gives him no rest, with the result ague districts in all latitudes, as above
that he finally reaches the land of "won- mentioned) where the Anglo S xon
derful possibilities." He buys land and mentioned) where the Anglo Saxon
plants trees. At first his letters home are race cannot maintain itself in undi-
"one sweet song." The delightful win- finished vigor if ordinary Anglo
ters, the mockingbirds, the strange ways Saxon intelligence is brought to bear
of the people and their unconventional in the science of life.
life are charmingly pictured. By the enld
of the first year his capital is all invested Begging pardon for introducing a
or used up, and there is no return. He little personal experience, the writer
now sees that forgeneral farming island will say that he came from a North-
has but little value, and he must wait e State, from a valley which has
fou r orfive years for fruit. If he can hold, from a valley which has
out for this time his fruit commands no now been settled 107 years;' and yet
price at home, and the markets are too its rich alluvial soil brought on nearly
far away for profit, unless he can ship by every fall an attack of ague. He has
the car-load. Churches and schools are now lived eleven years in a low, wet
there, butsomehow his family do situation the flatwoods, whose annot
like them, and all are bitterly homesick situation in the fiatwoods, whose san-
The old-time energy can be kept up only dy soil, though poor, is as healthful
by big doses of bitters or quinine the as can well be found on earth because
mockingbird's song has lost its charm, of its mineral character and its purity.
and the man cannot get away. The rich In all that time there has been no re-
may do as they please-a'few thousand
dollars loss does not affect them. But the currency of the ague. In the eleven
man of small means will do well to look years he has done harder work and
on the Georgia peach orchard as he looks more of it than in any equal period in
on a picture of Venice-without intend- the North. Every week in the year
ing to buy the city. -A. J. Berger, Indi- he plows, makes fence, plants or
Green's ruit Grower. prunes trees, gathers fruit, lays tiling
It is the misfortune of the lower -anything in fact, necessary to be
South to be made the subject of ex- done on a well-managed farm, except
treme statements, both of commenda- digging stumps and mauling rails. If
tion and of condemnation. It ought there has been any abatement of the
to be a sufficient answer to the above willingness and the capacity to work
strictures that a very large proportion lie has not been aware of it.
of the peach orchards of Georgia and With some people the atmosphere
the orange groves of Florida were of Florida does seem to be more con
planted and brought up by colonists ducive to a bilious habit than is -the
from the North. It is true that the case in latitudes further north. But
successful management and marketing there are very few people who cannot
of fruit crops so far South requires by a morning draught of lemon juice
peculiar skill, and that many men much diluted in water, overcome all
make a failure on that account. But this and go their meals and their
they would be just as likely to make a work with the unquestioning appetite
failure in the North if they set about of a Georgia mountaineer. '
raising fruit and vegetables under
wholly novel conditions and shipping
them a thousand miles or more to. Six or eight hands have been pick-
market. ing and thrashing out E. Waldron's
The idea that the climate and the bean crop the past week. Mr. Wal-
society of the South unman 'the immi- dron has received orders from Califor-
grant and unnerve his family is baby- nia, as well as from other parts of this
ish or womanish, or both. It is State for his coffee beans.-Halifax
always op'en- to Northern colonists to "Journal.
Waste of Corn Fodder.
Taking the estimates of the DepArt-
ment of Agriculture as to the area
grown to corn and the per cent.. of
waste of the corn fodder annually in
the United States, it appears that this
annual waste on the farms of the coun-
try amounts to over $500,ooo,ooo.
Just think of such an enormous waste
of one of the products of a staple crop.
Suppose that the farmers of the United
States were required to put their hands
in their pockets and throw away over
$500,000,000 annually! And yet that
is the equivalent of what is going on
respecting one of the great staple pro-
ducts of the farm. Save properly and
feed the corn fodder, and sell the hay
for cash, for it brings a good price.-
Every year witnesses an immense
waste ot corn fodder in Florida, greater
proportionately than in the States
which produce a larger yield of grain
per acre, because here it takes more
stalks and more foliage to grow a
bushel of shelled corn. It is true that
the blades are pulled from a part of
the crop at least, but the husks are
left for months in the weather and
become nearly worthless, and the blades
from the ear down are also practically
thrown away. Then the cattle roam
through the wire-grass and pine and'
-palmetto, or stand doubled into half-
circles in the cold rain, until they die
of starvation; and the farmer calls it'
"white mouth," and pronounces it "a
disease"! They simply starve to
death, and their mouths are white for
lack of blood.
This summer there was an acre of
corn on our experiment farm which
we had cut up and shocked in about
forty-hill shocks. They were made
thus small to insure their curing with-
out mold. As it was in the height of
the "rainy season" and the field a
former cypress swamp, the water stood
on the butts of the shocks, and they
had to be hauled under cover before
the fodder was cured enough to bear
heavy bunching in a barn. It was
placed around so as to be nowhere
over three or four feet thick, and there
by escaped mold. The shocks did not
shed all the rain, and the leaves were
not as bright as they should be; still,
it is eaten up clean, even to the "thim-
bles" (sheaths) by a Jersey cow, which
is well-fed with cotton-seed meal and
green rye, and is staked out on a Ber-.
muda rowen during the day. Now,
here is a saving of everything-all the
leaves, husks, silks, even the sheaths-
nothing left but the bare canes. The
grain is sound and hard and clear of
weevil; except a very few' ears which
were outside of the shocks, apparently.
The machinery for the Muck Com-
pany dredge has, arrived and is being
placed in order, and will soon be ready
for work. The machinery for the
factory has also arrived, and in a very
short time will be ready for operation.
Work on the. factory building and
drying shed is being pushed as rapid-
ly as possible. This is a big thing for
Inverness and vicinity, and the pay-
roll now amounts to about $1.500 per
month.-Inverness Chronicle. "
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Dec. 13.
FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
Corrected by Marx Bros.
These are average quotations. Extra choice
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
Grapes, 5-lb basket ................... .20
Oranges, Florida................... 3.75 to 4.oo0
Lemons, Messina, box................ 3.50
Apples, bbl............................3.00 to 3.25
English Peas bu......--........ 1.6o
Peas, Clay, bushel ............ ....... 1.25
W" WhippQorwill ................. 1.35
Lady............... ......... .. 2.00
Cocoanuts. ...................... 4 00
Peanuts, best brand................... 4% to 5
Cabbage. N. Y. each ................. .07
Potatoes, New York, bbl............... I.60
sacks ....................... 130
Onions, bbl ............. ........... 2.00
sacks ........................ 1.75
Eggs ......... ..... ... -- IS
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
Yellow Yams, bush ................... 35 to .40
Sweet Potatoes ...................... .30
Hubbard squash, bbl................ 1.5
Lettuce, doz. ........................... 5 to .30
Celery, Kalamazoo..... ........- .35 to .5o
Egg Plants, bbl ...................... 1.50 to 2.00oo
Tomatoes, crates, ............ 2.00 to 2 50
Sweet Pepper, bu ............... -. i.oo to 1.5o
Okra, b, .... .. .. ...... ... .5o to 2.oo
Green Beans, crate, no demand...... .50 to .6o.
Peas, crate...................... i.oo to i.50
Turnips, bunch, no demand,.. ......... 03 to .o6
Pumpkins, each......................o5 to .Io
Kershaws, each.... ................. 05 to .lo
Parsley, per doz. bunches ..... ... .20 to .30
Green onions, per doz. bunches....... .15 to .25
Pepper, hot, bushel, ................. oo00
Sage, well cured, Ib..................... .5Ito .20
Lima Bean's, shelled, qt, ..... ......., .15
Hens.- '..._--..-.... ........ o0to .35
Roosters.... ..............---5-- s
Broilers....... ..... .. ............ 5 to .25
Turkeys, per poud, gross ....... .
Ducks .......... ............. .25to .35
Geese... ...................... 35 to 40
Now Beets, per oo....... ...... none .50 to I.oo00
Water Cress, per doz. bunches ..... 35to .50
cauliflower doz...................... Ioo to i.5o
Leeks per doz bunches............... .25
Suppernongs, bu none ............... 2.00
Radi-hes. per doz ..................... .15
Cucumbers, crate...... ............ 1.50 to 2.00
New York Markets.
STw cars California oranges have ar-
rived of which sales were made at quota-
tions; more in transit. Several lots of
Florida fruit have lately arrived and a
few hundred boxes are looked for for the
holiday trade. The quality is irregular
but some of it very choice and good
prices are obtainable for such.
Florida, choice to fancy, bright, 5.00 to
6.00; fair to good, 4.00 to 5.00. California
navels, 5.00 to 5.50; seedlings, 3.25 to 3.50.
cape fruit, Florida, 4.00 to 5.50.
Receipts, domestic, for the week, 55,-
Sweet potatoes have arrived sparingly
and have met a good outlet at steady
prices until Thursday when some weak-
ness developed under a very dull trade,
and while prices have not materially de-
clined since then outside quotations have
been more extreme and only possible in
a small way at-the close.
Cabbage in moderate demand and stea-
dy. Celery has been in liberal supply,
but fancy large stock has been quite scarce
and such is firm; small and defective,
which includes a large quantity more or
less I iscolored by frost, works out very
slowly at low figures. Florida cucumbers
in lioht supply, and steady for choice;
poor neglected. Choice egg-plant are
scarce, most arrivals being defective, and
while 3.00 to 3.50 is readily obtained for
the best grades, some do not bring freight
charges. There has been no Southern
lettuce in,and the little from New Orleans
has sold promptly at higher prices. Flor-
ida okra in good demand and firm at
2.75 to 3.00 for choice. String beans were
in fair supply from Charleston early in
the week, and while common sold as low
as 1.00,to 1.50, the best lots were readily
placed. at 2.00 to 2.25 and occasionally
2.50 per basket;- Friday, however, the
arrivals- were all more or less frozen,
with many lots entirely worthless, and
any reasonable offer accepted since to
clean -up.- Florida beanshave_'arrived
freely, but are generally old and common,
and a range of 1.00 to 1.50 has covered
most sales, some very poor lower and a I|R
few best marks 1.75 or higher. Tomatoes
have arrived more freely and have met a F R
very good outlet at 1.50 to 2.50. Cab-
bages, Jersey and Long Island, per 100,
3.00 to 4.00; State, per 100, 2.00 to 3.00. TI
Cucumbers, Florida, per crate, 1.00 to
2.50. Egg-plants, Florida, per barrel, 2.00 CHARTE
to 3.50; per half-barrel box, 75c. to 1.50. By conservat
Lettuce, New Orleans, per barrel, 6.00 to strength and abi
7.00; Southern, per basket, 1.00 to 2.00. We buy and
Okra, Florida, per carrier crate, 2.50 to drafts on all pa
3.00; New Orleans, per box, 1.00 to 1.50. favors shall at al
Onions, Orange county white, per barrel, JAMES M
1.00 to 1.50; Orange county red, per bar- E i
rel, 65 to 85c.; Orange county yellow, per
barrel, 1.00 to 1.12. Green peas, Florida, S a 'fe
per crate, 1.00 to 2.00. Peppers, green,
Florida, per barrel, 1.00 to 4.00. String
beans, Charleston, per bushel basket, 50c.
to 2.00; Florida, per crate, 75c. to 1.50.
Tomatoes, Florida, per carrier, 1.50 to
2.50; per crate, 1.25 to 2.25.
Oranges. I I
P. Ruhlman & Co., report: We re-
ceived our first consignment of Florida
oranges and grapefruit to-day. Both are
very fancy and large. Will have a car of
fancy oranges due here by next Thurs- Gralp
day, and a number of cars to follow for
the balance of this month. Our first All treesgr
cars of California navels are here about straight and well
the 13th instant. Oranges of all kinds Satisfaction guar
have sold well this week.
The Earl Fruit Company says: Our
people have taken orders for over 100
cars of California oranges-nearly all
Washington Navels. We have orders for
half as many more if we make the ship-
ments to suit, but we are unable at this
minute to offer anything for shipment Af
earlier than the 20th of December.
Lyon Brothers report: We have made A R
arrangements to receive daily shipments,
which began November 25, from one to GD- Farmers
two cars of choice and fancy Washington i,ooo bushels
navel oranges from the large independ- pound; Rescue G
ent packing houses. Some of them were
in the exchange combine last year. We r .
buy at f. o. b. prices Riverside, and so r.
long as the Southern California Fruit
Exchanges do not consign to this market
to be sold on commission or a auction, we
will continue buying at f. o. b. prices
California, but the moment the Ex-
changes consign and sell a car at auction
our arrangements will be null and void.
Twenty cars in private hands bought f. S E
o. b. will bring more money per box, and S
will demoralize the the market less than five
cars sold at auction.
The Enormous Potato Orop. Prepo a
No improvement whatever is noticed
in the white potato market. The market
is still tremendously glutted, and the re-
ceipts keep pouring in, with no apparent Our stock
prospect of a -cessation, Some of the ready for deli
dealers express the opinion that severe r
weather is the only thing which can im-
prove market conditions, but others do
potato market firm for weeks to come..
The potato crop of this year has been such poor mixed
one of the most phenomenal ever known.
Approximately, it has been estimated at
300,000,000 bushels, or nearly 50 per cent. F
larger than last year. In consequence of
the large crop, many Pennsylvania irst.
farmers have been offering their potatoes.... ....
for 10 cents per bushel.
Along Dock street this vegetable is
now bringing from 25 cents per bushel
up. A well-known fruit man expressed
to the writer an opinion that, at this VARIETY.
price, potatoes were valuable property, Firet rel
and any man who stored a quantity would First Laurel. u
undoubtedly make money on them. Early Sunrise
There does not seem to be the slightest Beauty of H ebroi
prospect of a diminution in the receipts, Early Rose ......
however, but while higher prices will Early Puritan....
probably prevail sometime later, there is Dakota Red.....
scarcely any prospect of any immediate Rural New York
advance, as the total crop will allow five G. Our Anni
bushels for every man, woman and child our old customer
in the country. The potatoes on the
market are good quality,, but the demand
does not seem to be increased to a very H G L
great extent.--Philadelphia Grocery *
World. ..- -_
HEADQUARTERSS FOR HIGH GRADE
DEN AND FIELD SEEDS
and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed
Texas Red Rust-proof Oats, 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
rass, 30 cents per pound.
tre Now FOR Your Spring Crop.
of choice selected seed stock of Irish Potatoes is now on hand, and
very. IiV Buy this month and get the best.
r I --Think that the common stock of potatoes sold by local mer-
s H| -chants, often the culls of the Maine and Nova Scotia crops,
PLu P -as.selected seed stock. Plain common sense should teach them:
better. You can no more get a first-class potato crop from
stock than you can get a pure-blooded Jersey calf from a scrub cow.
SIls the best and earliest potato for Southern planters that
| we have ever seen. One of our customers says: "I con-
La u re I [ sider your FIRST LAUREL in the lead of all early.
S I potatoes. It is a strong grower, of fine table quality, and
. . . the hills are full of them."
PRICES FOR DECEMBER AND JANUARY:
PECK. BUSHEL. BARREL. TEN-BARREL LOTS.,
. .... ..................... ........ 60 1.75 4.00 3.75
.... ........... ... ............... .50 1.75 4.00
1..................... .. ....... .. 50 1.75 3.75 3.50
............................ ........ 50o- .75 3.75 3.50
............ ... ....... ....... o 1.75 4.00 ......
.. ... ..... ............. ..... .75 .75 3.50
er No. 2....................... ...... 6o 1.75 4.o00 375
ual Catalogue will be ready the latter part of December and will be mailed to al.
s, and to anyone who applies, FREE.
IASTINGS & CO., Seedsmen,,
=' INTERLAOHEN, FLA.
NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA,
'e Oldest National Bank in the State.
RED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.
ive, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for'solidity,
ifty to meet all legitimate demands. ....
sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
ts of the world.
'isit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
1 times receive intelligent and careful attention '
I. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
[Deposit Boxes For Rent.
OKIOICE A. No. 1
da Grown Orange Trees
e Fruit, Lemon and Seedless Grape Fruit.
own on stock in Florida that was not injured by the freeze. Buds from 3 to 6 feet
grown. Also choice Abbaka and Golden Queen Pineapple suckers, 15 to 20 inches.
anteed. Correspondence solicited, or call on
GEQ0. H. WRIGH-T,
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Richness of the Peanut.
Although the experiment made with
peanut meal and biscuits as food for
the German army was not so success-
ful as to induce the authorities to
adopt it as a part of the rations, still
analysis has shown conclusively that
it is-a most nourishing food for man,
and as compared with other well
known forms of vegetable and animal
food it has a high nutritive value.
During the years between 1861 and
1865 peanut oil was manufactured by
at least four mills in the Southern
States and used as a lubricant by rail
roads for locomotives, by wool and
cotton spinners for their spindles, and
by housewives instead of lard as short-
ening in bread and pastry. The
cake was eaten by many living in
the vicinity of the mills, and was very
highly spoken of by those who used it
as a palatable and nutritious food for
The following is a comparison made
by Professor Koenig, based on the
price in Germany of the following
twelve principal foods reduced to
"units of nutrition:"
Comparison of the nutriiive value and cost of
twelve principal foods.
Skim milk cheese......
Veal........ .... .......
Rice .... .............
-U. S. Government Bulletin.
What Careful Shipping Is Worth.
Mr. L. Loterzo, representing the
Toledo, 0., fruit dealer, A. Levaggi,
is in town superintending the ship-
ment of two carloads of oranges from
the Tyler & Lightfoot grove on Palma
Sola bay. This dealer has considered
it a profitable investment to twice send
his agent across the United States.
first to see the crop purchased and
again to see it properly packed and
follow it on steamer and cars to des-
tination. Mr. Loterzo relates instances
where he has gone into peach-pro-
ducing sections, from which the fruit
arrived in such poor order as to be
valueless, and by superintending its
loading on cars and giving personal
attention to the ventilation of the cars
*while in transit, has brought the entire
lot into market in good condition.
This Toledo buyer, for instance, pays
$1,250 for his fruit, $200 to put it on
the wharf, $375 freight, and yet con-
siders it profitable to further expend
$250 that this small purchase may be
under his agent's eye from the tree to
the warehouse. These oranges cost
hiin $4.15 a box in Toledo, and yet he
foresees a good profit on the transac-
tion. This firm invariably buys, never.
solicits, and this sort of people deserve
to be encouraged.-Manatee River
Te PExtreme South for Orange
The Braidentown Journal vigor-
ously combats the idea that the ex.
treme lower counties are not well
adapted for orange culture. It refers
to a statement recently published
that the orange trees of these counties
are "scrubs" in comparison with the
trees of Lake (which by the way are
all dead and mostly turned into fire-
wood). One tree in Lake will grow
as big as two in Biscayne or Manatee.
If you plant a grove in these southern
counties and after three years plant
another in Lake, five years later the
Lake county grove will show finer
trees and a bigger -crop. But these
lands are good for guavas and pineap-
ples and vegetables. We pause be-
fore the audacity of this man. What
a mark he would make in the Spanish
press service. Did he know that be-
ginning with a tree which bore io,ooo
oranges in a single season, one of a
large grove of similar trees, we can
show by the thousands every sort and
size of-tree? Did he know that our
Manatee orange crop this season was
worth $85,000 and next will be $175,-
ooo, while the crop of Lake is not an
orange this year-not an orange next
year? Has he seen three steamers
daily loaded to the guards with vege-
tables? But the Commercial says
that "others who have inspected the
South concur," and remembering the
sad fate of Sodom and Gomorrah we
do not wonder that the vast orange
groves of Lake were frozen in a night.
Our explorer has returned to Lake
and it is well. He may recover.
Lake county may.
VWest Florida Fruits'.
A correspondent of the Louisville,
(Ky.;) Industrial American thus re-
cords his visit to West Florida :
"We were shown young vines, only
two years old last spring, that were
laden with the highest quality of mar
ketable fruit. The clusters compared
favorably with those of the best grape
regions around the great lakes of the
North, numbering from ten to forty
to the vine, and netting the growers
five cents per pound. The peach
trees exceeded anything that we had
ever seen. They were loaded with all
the fruit that they could mature the
weight in many cases causing the
branches to touch the ground. Trees
two years old last May were yielding
about three pecks, netting the growers
about $175 per acre, while trees from
four to six years old were netting
almost three times as much. These-
calculations do not allow for the cost
of gathering and packing, an estimate
of which is difficult to make, as most
of it is done by boys and girls living
on the plantation. The large profits
made will result in the planting of an
increased acreage, but if. the present
prices shall be cut in two, or even in
four they will be larger than those
obtained by the grain or tobacco
growers in the Northern States." In
conclusion this statement is made:
"In addition to the fruits, we saw
large fields of corn that yield from
twenty to forty bushels to the acre;
ribbon-cane plactus, from which Flor-
ida syrup is made; upland rice for
stock, yielding from fifty to sixty
bushels of grain and from two to
three tons of straw; sorghum for-stock
feed; chufas for hogs, which will fatten
from three to tour hogs to the acre;
sweet potatoes, and all other garden
produce in the greatest abundance.
Truly West Florida is a land of happi-
ness and plenty. A Kentuckian,with
two years' experience in that part- of
the State, said: Tell all who know
me that they are making a great mis-
take in not coming to West Florida.
Say to those who are renters that they
never can be anything else on high-
priced lands, and to those who own
small farms that they can come here
and make a fortune in a few years, I
can make more money here in fruits-
in raising cattle and hogs, and fatten-,
ing them than can the most experi-
enced breeders and farmers of any of
the Northern States."
The Kola Nut.
The kola nut, which found its ori-
gin in Central Africa, and which has
become famous throughout the world
as an invaluable addition to medical
science, is to be introduced on the
The kola tree grows to a height of
about forty feet, and one tree has been
known to produce a crop of from 500
to 800 pounds. Each pod generally
contains four seeds, fifty of which
will make one quart, or one and one-
quarter pounds, which is sold at $1.25
per pound and upwards.
The first fruiting occurs five years
from planting, but the maximum yield
is not reached until the ninth or tenth
The tree flourishes in moist, hot
lands, at or a little above sea level.
The medical properties of kola are
many and of the greatest value to
The great value of kola is due to
the presence of certain alkaloids, theo-
bromine and caffeine, together with
the new and powerful principle known
The stimulating and sustaining pow-
ers of coffee and cocoa are well known,
and kola contains not only a large per-
centage of their characteristic alkaloids
but also kolanin, whose physiological
effects are more powerful and lasting
than either caffeine or theobromine,
while at the same time it is free from
the objections urged against cocaine.
In view of these deductions, there-
fore, kola must be accepted as a valu-
able addition to our material medical.
Because of its sustaining powers
kola is used by the natives when long-
continued exertion is demanded and
little food obtainable; hence we are
led to believe that this peculiar prop-
erty is similar to that of cocoa. That
it lessens tissue waste is shown by the
diminished excretion of urea.
The effect of kola upon the circu-
lating system is that of a tonic stimu-
lant, the pulse being increased in
strength and frequency.
The kola tree resembles somewhat
the chestnut. Despite the fact that it
prefers the moist climate of the coast,
it has been found 500 miles in the in-
As Florida possesses the only soil
in the United States that is suitable
for this product there seems to be great
wealth in store for the State by its in-
troduction among the colonies on the
NO CHANGE OF SEASON
known to the Page. It is one continual. Sprnit
from the time It isput up until the purchaser has.
no further use for fence.
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mich.
S ,PROFl1*BLY AND EFFECTIVELY $
BY THE USE OF
NITRATE OF SODA
SNearly all fertilizers are ineffective because
they contain too little NITROGEN ("ammo-
| nia') and this little in an insoluble form.
Add a little NITRATE OF SODA to these and U
the result will be astonishing. t
A PAMPHLET FREE w'en
to use nitrate, and how to buy and use fer-
Stilizers most economically. Address s
S, M. Harris, Moreton Farm (P. 0.), New York.
*l **MO ^MS>
----- -- -- -- -- -
In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
etables shipped to us is our motto. WE 4
GIVE GOODS SENT Ul BY GROWERS
FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
by our4o years experience without default-
ing dollar. Enquire as to our standing -
and financial stability which any bank or 4
merchants having mercantile reports can
verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send 4
your name for our quotations. Stencil and .4
cards fre e. Letters promptly answered.
FRENCH & CO.,
116 Warren St,, New York.
ESTABLISHED 1855. "
d. ^ J
Bradley RedJield. Eugene B. Redleld.
REDFIELD & SON,
141 Dock Street, Philadeltphla, Pa.
We handle all kinds of Ifuits and Vegetables,
either at private sale (which has hereto fore been
our custom) or by the auction system (recently.
added to our business) as you may desire.
THE ALGONQUJN HOTELi
At St. Augustine..
Completely furnished. Apply to 0. S. Meaerve,
St. Augustine, Fla.
THE OCEAN VIEW HOTEL,
At St. Augustine.
Completely furnished. Right on the Bay.
Rare Bargain. Apply to Capt. W. S. M. Bukham
St. Augustine or to
CHAPIN FARM AGENCY,
3-23-tf St. Augustine, and Boston.
Write for Catalogue and price list.
JENNINGS' NURSERY (,O.,
.R9 SAW MILL.
works successfully .
I ]IllL4 I with 4 hb p., also
1 llll' U GIrinding Mill,
and Water Wheels Gridi il
DeLoach Mill Mfig. Co..
323 Highland,/Ave., Atlanta, Ga.
" " " "
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
G. W. HASTINGS.
Jones-Neighbor Smith, there has
been running in my mind a fable of an
old clock, which I read, or heard, in
Smith-And have you got an appli-
cation of it, too, to Southern farming ?
Jones-Yes; I think it has an appli-
cation to at least some of our farmers
Smith-Let us have it then. An il-
lustration sometimes has the effect to
more forcibly teach a truth than a plain
statement ot fact.
Jones-Well, then, here goes. A
clock, which had stood for fifty years
in a farmer's kitchen without giving its
owner any trouble, one night suddenly
stopped, which caused consternation
among its several parts. The wheels
exclaimed: "What's the matter?" And
the dial plate exclaimed: "What's the
matter?" The second hand, the min-
ute hand, the hour hand, all exclaimed:
"What's the matter ?" The pendulum
replied, "I'll tell you what's the matter.
In my tick-tacks, tick-tacks to night
the thought occurred to me, how many
times I would have to swing back and
forth in the next twenty-four hours.,
Perhaps some of my co-partners up,
there on the the dial could tell me?
The minute hand, being quick-, at fig-
-iures, immediately replied, 86,400 times.
::Exactly, replied the pendulum. And
then when I thought of the days, the
weeks and the years, the amount of
-.Work I had to do overwhelmed me,
and I came to the conclusion that I
would stop. The old clock, hearing
this complaint of the pendulum, said:
I was on the point of striking; I will
-speak, however. Do you not know
that by this foolishness the farmer's
wife is likely to be behind hand with
her breakfast, and the farmer and his
hands belated to their work? Do you
not know, Mr. Pendulum, that if you
.have to tick sixty times in a minute you
have a minute to do it in, and so with
each following minute in the tiwenty-
four hours? The pendulum was so
agitated at this rebuke that it could
?ttot stand still, and as it began to move
it ery naturally struck into the gait,
a:gL0 its tick-tack was heard by the
.*heels, and they began to move, which
srted the second hand, which moved
: minute hand, the hour hand fol.
lowed suit, and soon the old clock was
at its regular work.
Smith-What was the moral of this
Jones-I have forgotten the moral,
if it had one, but, as I said before, I
think it has an application to the pres-
ent times, or at least to some of our
Smith--Well, go on.
Jones-I heard Brown, perched on
a dry goods box .at the corner store
the other day, saying that with the
frosts and the drouths, the range cat-
tle and the hogs, the high transpor-
tation and commission rates, the sala-
manders and the. insects, together
with the low prices, he thought that
the Southern farmer might as well
quiit the business. I asked him what
:he. would do?:
/-Smith-And whit did he say?
Jones-He said he would: go some-
where else, and when I asked him
where; telling him the farmer in the
North was getting but twenty-five
cents a bushel for his potatoes, and
thousands of barrels of apples the
past fall had been sold for thirty-five
cents; that the Kansas farmer was sell-
ing his corn for I2Y2 cents a bushel
and was using it for fuel because it
was cheaper than coal; that the celery
growers in Michigan had their crops
damaged or destroyed by an October
blizzard3 that rivers had been dried up
by prolonged drouth, and wells were
without water in many parts of the
country, I suggested that he had bet-
ter consider whether he was not jump-
ing "out of the frying pan into the
Smith-Did that set him to think-
Jones-I think it did. The fact is
farming is becoming a struggle for
life with most farmers, and for a com-
petency with the best of them. Fruit
can no longer be raised in the North
without spraying and fertilizing. The
ground no longer produces crops
without liberal manuring. The com-
petition is every year becoming
greater, and intelligence is becoming
necessary to profitably farm in almost
any part of the country. Then in
staple crops we are every year more
and more coming into competition
with foreign countries.
Smith.-Yes; and I see by the papers
that more colonies are projected from
the North to the South, the present
year than ever before, the members
thereof taking the chances of acquir-
ing experience in farming on different
lines than they have been accustomed
Jones.-I told him that the princi-
pal obstacles to success in southern
farming would right themselves, or
that it was in our power to remedy
them. Such for instance as transpor-
tation, commission, and the infamous
hog and cattle laws upon our statute
books. It rests with the people to
send men to the legislature who will
not legislate for a class that pay but
one-third of the taxes. We can cease
growing crops that require heavy
transportation cost, and grow such as
can be made into pork, beef and
poultry. And just now the Cubans or
their Spanish rulers seem to be forc-
ing upon us the growth of tobacco.,
People will chew and smoke; and
Florida may as well have the benefit
of it. The fact that large quantities
are already grown here and used and
sold as Havana tobacco indicates the:
adaptation of soil and climate to its
Smith.-Have you any further ap-
plication of the fable ?
Jones.-Yes. In its further appli-
cation, the southern farmer has, in
the face of difficulties, the advantage
of time in maturing his crops, and in
duplicating them if destroyed.
He has sunshine and rain in greater
abundance than in any other part of
He has the choice, of more -varied
productions. If oranges fail, he has
the farm products that will make cat-
tle, hogs and poultry, and the new in-
dustries, tobacco, canaigre, ramie,
etc., etc., that will ever have an in-
The One Crop System :
of farming gradually exhausts the land, unless a Fertilizer containing a-
high percentage of Potash is used. Better crops, a better soil, and a 9
larger bank account can only then be expected..
Write for our "Farmers' Guide," a 142-page illustrated book. It
is brim full of useful in'fo-nation for farmers. It will be sent free, and
will make and save you money. Address,
GERMIIN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York.
@^^^ ^ ^*^^C'
JOHN L. MARVIN,
H. T. BAYA,
THOSE. W.. CONRAD,
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK,
Respectfully solleits your Deposits, Collections and Genevs
John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
Judge E. M. Randall. C.J. Rogers. W. M. Davidson,
Dr" H. Robinson.
John E. Hartrldge.
SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
H. ROBINSON, President.
W. J. HARKISHEIMER, Vice-Prea
Wll RAWLINSON, Cashier,
DI R ECTORS :
H. ROBINSON. J. HILDEBRANDI', P. E. McMURRAY,
W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER; R. H. LIGGETT,
J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN.
Collections made on all points of Florida, and Remitted for on day of Pay-
ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.,
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
best advantage.-AUTHORI ZEDCAPITAL, $300,000.
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list and terms.
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-Presideit.
ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER Secretary.. .
DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua'Co.; E. G. HillI Bradford o.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
Hillsboro Co.: John Fabyan, Lake Co.: Hy Crutcher, Orange/,o.; D. Greenleaf Duval Co.;
J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady. Brevard Co. F. G. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V. Hillyer,
Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. "E. Stanton,'Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keek, Polk Co. ''
Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Fla. Stenolls,
with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.'
JOHN CLARK, SON & C0.,
Grocers and Commission Merchants
DEALERS IN ...
Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,
Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
PRICE-LIST OF Wo HISKI ES:
MiANONGAHELA RYE..................$1 50 CABINET BOURBON.... .............6. .,6
PARKER.............................. I 75 J. MARTIN RYE .............................. 30
ORANGE VALLEY...........................2 00 VIRGINIA GLADES ............... 4-00
SPRINGVALLEY....... ................... 2 50 OLD BOURBON.................... ..... 500
BALTIMORE CORN ..... ................. 2 00 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH ................ 560
NORTH CAROLINA CORN................ 2 50 OLD BAKER .......................... -- 50,0
CLIFTON CLUB.............. ............. 3 oo MON ROSE VELVET RYE ................ 6 co
JUGS EXTRA: One gallon. 25C; two gallon, 5c; three gallon. 75c; Remit by post.offi
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. 0. D. Remit with order.
A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application. ,
JOHN CLARK, SON & CO,
THE FLOBIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. DECEMBEIV '14,
The South will grow what other
parts of the country cannot, or at a
season when they cannot grow them.
.It is a wise provision of the Creator
that any good is acquired with diffi-
culty. It is necessary to the develop-
ment of the individual. The fittest,
the most vigilant will succeed, and the
character of the race will be advanced.
Smith. In harmony with what you
have just said, let me read you what
P. B. Crosby says in the Rural New
Yorker, which with a little adaptation
to the products of the South is worthy
of attention. He says: "It seems to
me that we farmers never get at the
real meaning of our work. We are
in direct partnership with our Creator
whenever we plant a seed. How few
of us realize it! We take the rain
and sunshine as matters of course,
and never give them a thought.
When we plant a seed, what a won-
derful transformation takes place ?
The dead seed becomes a living
plant. The great Chicago Fair had
nothing within its bounds that equals
this transformation; yet we never give
it a thought.
Then let us look at the other side:
The whole world is dependent upon
us for its food. We are the key-
stone of the arch, or rather the foun-
dation, and when we cause a field of
wheat to be where, without our work,
there would be only weeds, it does
not mean merely so many bushels of
wheat, but bread for people who,
without us, would go hungry. Adam
Smith says that philosophers are a
people whose trade it is not to do,
but to observe. Now what we want,
is that each of us should have a bit
of philosophy in our make-up, especi-
ally that kind which teaches us to ob-
serve the higher things of life, and
Brevard's Pineapple Industry.
When a man who has become dis-
couraged by the freeze of last winter,
contemplates leaving the country in
*quest of a place where disaster never
strikes he has a task on his .'hands
that no mortal has yet accomplished.
When we look back.over the past
eight or ten years and note the condi-
ftion that existed in our county up to
the time of the freeze, we. are forced
to the conclusion that we are enjoying
advantages from a financial point of
view that no other section of the State
There is one test that is practically
infallible as an indicator of the remun-
efation of the industries "of a section
of country and that is the wages paid
for labor used in producing whatever
crops are made. ,'Now let us see what
this section can say for itself covering
a period of eight or ten years. Per-
sonally, I can only speak from five
years' experience but am reliably in-
formed that the same wages were paid
prior to my settling here. Taking
-this period of io years and we find
'that $1.50 per day :was the wages
paid for any and. all kinds of labor and
that it was seldom, if .ever, that a man
was out of ernploymel't if he wanted
to work. There was never any ques-
tion raised as to such price being ex-
drbitant. It- was perfectly satisfacto-
ry-as our business justified it. It will
be understood in speaking of these
wages and business that I refer to the
pineapple business as that is the prin-
ciple industry of this section. Every-
thing was moving along satisfactorily
until the freeze of last February called
a halt in the proceedings. From
green fields offine pineapple plants
just putting on their blooms, we were
reduced to a dismal sight of brown
stubble with no vestige of green or in-
dication of life, everything instantly
came to a standstill. Men who had
invested their all in a few acres of
pineapples looked upon their fields in
dismay. There was a solemn look
throughout the country that would
have been a credit to conscience
stricken aldermen, it looked as if
there would be a panic and a stam-
pede. There was no employer and
consequently no employee. Grits
and fish were being discussed as the
probable articles of diet. Time dragged
slowly on and beneath a tropical sun
and from under the dead leaves of our
pineapples a green shoot was seen to
protrude; examination proved it to be
a pineapple sucker; further investiga-
tion revealed the fact that others were
coming and there was much rejoicing;
everyone was out looking for suckers
and they were not disappointed; things
were not so bad as they looked; our
spirits rose; we went to work, bought
fertilizers, gave the idle negro a job
(at $1.25 per day) and to-day we chal-
lenge the State to show anything that
compares with Brevard county in the
way of industry that justifies paying
$1.25 a day for ordinary work, or an
industry that is such a factor in recu-
perating the losses of la t season's dis-
astrous freeze as our pineapple busi-
ness. If it can be found please "trot
This matter is worthy of special no-
tice from the fact that the pineapple
business was looked upon by many as
very risky, as it was universally con-
ceded that 'a freeze of the severity of
last winter would kill every plant in
the State to the end of their roots.
Even the most sanguine thought that
everything was irretrievably gone.
Lemon trees planted in among the
pineapples were, in some instances,
killed so completely that they never
put up a sprout; today the pineapples
right around where those trees stood
are waist high. The freeze has dem.
onstrated the fact that we have the
safest business in the State. We only
lost this season's crop, while the or-
ange and lemon growers are, general-
ly speaking, several years behind us.
This does not apply to all oranges and
lemons, for there are groves that, ow-
ing to their exceptional location, came
through all right and have fruit this
fall; but I lay particular stress on the
matter of the pineapple, as it shows
that they are not the tender hot-house
plant that they were immediately con-
ceded to be, and also from the fact that
Do you know a good farm
and fruit paper when you see
it? Let us send you the
Rural New-Yorker this week.
Send your address; -no money.
The Rural New-Yorker,
409 Pearl street, New York.
Largest Stock in the
World. Small Fruits. Introdoer of unrivalled
new Red Jacket Gooseberry & Fay Currant.
THE IMPROVED ITOR
Hatches Chickens by Steam.
The simplest, most reliable.
cata and cheapest firstclass Hatchetr
logne In the market. Circular free.
4 cents; GEO. ERTEhL & CO., Quincy, [1b
1831 THE CULTIVATOR 1896
THE BEST OF THE
Farm Crops and Processes,
Horticulture and Fruit-Growing,
Live-Stock and Dairying,
While it also includes all minor departments of
Rural interest, such as the Poultry Yard, Ento-
mology, Bee-Keeping, Greenhouse and Grapery,
Veterinary Replies Farm Questionsand Answers,
Fireside Reading, Domestic Economy, and a sum-
mary of the News of the Week. Its market Re-
ports are unusually complete, and much atten-
tion is paid to the Prospects of the Crops, as
throwing light upon one of the most important
of all questions-When to Buy and When to Sell.
It is liberally illustrated, and contains more read-
ing matter than ever before The subscription
priceis $2.50 per year, but we offer a SPAECIAL
REDUCTION in our
CLUB BATES FOR 1896.
Two Subscriptions, in one remittance ....$ 4
Six Subscriptionss, .... 10
Ten Subscriptions, .... 15
iWTo aU N1EW subscribers for 1896, paying
in advance now, we will send the paper WEEKLY
from our receipt of the remittance to January i,
1896, without charge. Specimen copies FREE.
LUTHER TUCKER & SON, Publishers,
ALBANY, N. r.
WOVEN WIRE FENCE
OverSO Styles The bestonEarth. Horsehigh,
A ,Bull strong, Pig and Chicken
tight. You can make from 40
/ -to"'60 rods per day for from
14 to 22c. a Rod.
SIllustrated Catalogue Free.
ERKsHIEa, Chester White,
ereaa .. Jre. red & Poland China
ffc M |PIOS. Jersey, Guernsey& Hol-
stein Cattle. Thoroughbred
. w sSheep FancyPoultry Hnting
a -.... and House Dogs. Catalogue.
8. W. SMITH, cohranvllle. Chester Co., a
BERMUDA ONION PLANTS for sale at $1.50
per thousand. Orders for five thousand or
over at $1.25 per. thousand. Chubb & Ward,
Winter Park, Fla. 11-9-3
there is nothing in the State that brings
such remuneration on investments, and
which has such powers of recupera-
tion. -Florida Star.
The Way to Eat Candy.
I think much of the outcry against
candy is the result of wrong methods
of use. It can often be safely taken
at meal time with good results. Scient-
ists say that the food value of sugar is
very great. A pound of sugar con-
tains much more energy and power to
support animal life than a pound of
meat. If candy is taken under such
conditions that it will not derange the.
digestive apparatus, it is perfectly
wise and rational to be a candy eater.
-Annals of Hygiene.
Mr. George Close, of Ocala, who
made such a success of potato-growing
last season, is at it again, planting 100
barrels, and Will add" fifty acres in
" CENT-A- WO.BD COL UMN.
RATES.-Twenty words,, name and address,
one week, 25 cents; three weeks So centS. Noth-
ing taken for less than 25 cents.
Advertisements for this column MUST be ..pre-
Send no stamps larger than two cents'.
Initials and figures count as one word.
SOUR ORANGE and ROUGH I
Florida. I2i4-feb I
TART YOUR HENS LAYING ,ith Boiled
Beet and Bone, $2.25 per 1oo Ibs. For sale:by
The Island Poultry Yards. Also Leghorns,
Langshans and Minorcas. Circulars. Fernan-
dina, Fla, 10-30-3 ;
CELERY PLANTS for sale. 75 cents per.'1oo
delivered; $5 oo per rooo by ex ress not pre-
paid. H. G. Fletcher, Paradise, Fla. 11-23-3
FOR SALE ($7,00o00 cash or 5 years Ft 5 per
cent orlease. That splendid farm on Duva
Island of o5 acres rich hammock with 8 roomed
house, etc. Suitable for farming, stock or fruit
growing. Owner going abroad. Apply Mr.
Turnbull, Duval House, Floral City, Fla. 11-23-3
FOR SALE. Jersey Bull three years old. Full
blood, $45.00o Finest in State. Alsothfree
Berkshire sows, $1o each, Address, M. RRenz,
Bridgeport, Fla. 11-23 5
BDRONZE Turkeys, Indian Gamesi Black Lang-
shans and Pekin Ducks. Eggs in season.. A
few quarts of McNeil Peas at 1.o00 per quart, 5o
cents a pint, postpaid. Mrs. W. H. Mann,
Mannville, Fla. 10-12-12
SEE our prices on improved varieties of Pomelo
,in this column J. W. & F. D. Waite. "
FOR SALIE for cash,time ortiade; orange groves,
fruit and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
FIFTY THOUSAND Grapefruit Seedlinks 'for
sale, 3% years old, 4 to 5 feet high; will dor-
mant bud to order. Have a few budded' to the
seedless grapefruit. These trees are. fine, and
for sale very reasonable indeed, as we expect to
quit the nursery business. Come and see them
before buying elsewhere. Bowyer & Stephens,
Lakeland, Fla. 9-21-10
WANTED. An agent in every township to
sell the Cyclone Corn Sheller Address
Farmer and Fruit Grower, Jacksonville, Fla.. t
FOR SALE Two Leon count- t1rm. lq.:. acres
and 39o acres. Excellent fo, "Aock raiiug and
tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson, Jacksonville,
CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
Satsuma, Parson Brown. Stark's Seedless,
laffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit,
Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St M ichael;,
Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L..
Duncan, Manager, Milwaukee Groves and Nur-
series, Dunedin, Fla. 8-iT-tf
NEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
two. We pay freight. Write for our lates
price-list. B. W Amsden. Ormond, Fla. 7-I-tft
IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres, to years set
A in Orange trees 50 in other fruit trees, etc.
For sale at a sacrifice. Address "F," The Palms,
Lane Park, Lake County, Fla. 4 27-9m
IF ANY ONE who has been benefited by-'the
use of Dr William's Pink PiUs will write, to
THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they' will re-
ceive information that will be of much value and
interest to them.
TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
SBowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
BUDWOOD.-Orders for spring delivery now
Being booked. Ten per cent with order, bal-
ance when buds are ordered shipped. Pineapple,
$1I per x,ooo, King, Parson Brown, Waite's early
Prolific, $1o per ;,ooo. Magnum Bonum, Jaffa,
Tangerine, Ruby Blood, St. Michael Blood, Hart's
Tardiff, Navel, Sanford's Mediterranean, $7 per
per i,ooo. Walters'. Josselyn, Triumph. Auran-
tium, Pomelo, $8 per i,ooo. Marsh Seedless, $20
per 1,ooo. Small orders solicited at reasonable
rates. June buds for sale. White Fly not known
in this section. J. W. & F. D. Waite, Beleview,
Fla. .. .I .1-6.-266.
LOOK, LOOK! $1,25 per acre will buy I6z acres
of first class pine land in sec. 4, t 16 s, r 23
east. Well timbered, title perfect.. Also 8 coo
one year old Parson Brown Orange, Carney
Lemon and Grape Fruit buds. Write for prices
M. & J H. Turuley, Excelsi6r Iurseries, Lake
W eir, Fla. -. I .:- -,Ii-2;9
BUDDING WOOD for sale of all leading"'.ri-
Seties orange. lemon and grape fruit. Five
dollars per lh,:.usand, delivered by mail. Safe
arriva- guaranteed. Gulick BroS Riverside.
California, Formerly o 'Mt. Dora, Fla. i-9-4
CHOICE PINEAPPLE PLANTS per dozen or
Thousand. Large eedling orange trees and
Kiefferpears only .1 per. oo00. Giant Bamboos
only25ceni Dwar'bambooi, h0 c Caladium
and Lilly bulbs only I7.so per barrel, 5 rents
each. -Rose Palms, etc., almost given away.
Camphor seed, graudest of shade trees io cents
* package. Rbert G. Bidwell, Orlan4o, Florida,
Box 147.' l-9-3
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
TO NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA,
48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
G. M. SORR.EL, 1MEarnage.a'*
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00; Intermediate, $19.oo; Excursion, 43.3o;
Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.oo; Intermediate, $21.00o Excursion, $47.30 ;
Steerage, S14.25. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
(Central oro90 Meridian Time.)
City of Birmingham .............. ................... ..... Sunday, Dec. i, 4.oo a. m.
Nacoochee ....................... .............. Tuesday, Dec, 3, 6.oo p. m.
Kansas City ... ... ....'........ ............................ riday, Dec. 6. 8 ooa. m.
City of Augusta ........... ..........-................... Sunday, Dec. 8, io.oo a. m.
City of Birmingham ........................................... Tuesday, Dec. io, 2.00 noon
Nacoochee .......................................................... Friday, Dec. 13, 3.oo00 p. m.
Kansas City ............................................Sunday, Dec. 15, 5.oo a. m.
City of Augusta ............................................Tuesday, Dec. 17, 6.30 p. m.
City of Birmingham ................. .... .................... Friday, Dec, 20. 8 oo a.m.
Nacoochee ..... .................... ....................... Sunday, Dec. 22, 9.00 a. m.
Kansas City............... ........................ ...... Tuesday, Dec. 24, II.oo a. m.
City of Augusta ........... ............... ............... Friday, Dec. 27, 1.30p. m.
City of Birmingham............................... .............Sunday, Dec. 29, 3.00 a. m.
Nacoochee ..... ....... ...................... .............Tuesday, Dec. 31, 4.30 p, m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.
Chattahoochee ................................... ......................Tuesday, Dec. 3, 5.30p. m.
Gate City ... ..................... ................. Sunday, Dec. 8, 9.00 a. m;
Tallahassee ... ........................... ..... ......... Thursday, Dec. 12, 2.oo p. m.
Chattahoochee........... ..... .......................... Tuesday, Dec. 17, 6 30 p. m.
Gate City ... ...... ................................... Sunday, Dec, 22, 9.oo a. m.
Tallahassee.... ...................................... ........ Thursday, Dec, 26, 12.30 p. m.
Chattahoochee ................... ... ...............Tuesday, Dec. 3r, 4.30 p. m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.
(These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.)
City of Macon ................................................. Monday, Dec. 9, ii.oo a. m.
. City of M acon......................................................Thursday, Dec. 19, 7.30 a. m.
City of Macon ....................................... Sunday, Dec. 29, 3.00 a. m
THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida I& Western Railway,
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad.
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York.
R. L. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
New Pier No. 35, North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston
W. I .JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Say., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
J.L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway, New York. 3o6 Washington st., Boston.
W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Tray. Pass. Agt.,
IWALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
YOU HAVE IHE A1 RD
LOWER INDIAN RIVER.
TJ E TROPICAL SUN,
,. Published at West Palm Beach, is the official paper of Dade; is the Recognized Exponent of the Re-
sources, Attractions and Advantages of that Wonderful Region-The Mecca of the Home Seeker,
the Trucker, the Fruit Grower and the Investor.
.Published in this territory every Thursday since February 21st, 1887, this publication is recog-
nized as an authority on the country, its products, how to grow them and how they pay, the
country's development and its future. In short THE TROPICAL SUN is the Paper of Dade.
,R, .Ma An Elguht Page, All Home Print, Weeklij Publication,
Sub.scnbe fr it and keep posted on the Coming Section of Florida.
Term i- ,2 for One VYear; $1 for Six Months. Address,
West Palm Beach, Fla.
The Clyde Steamship Co.
NEW YORK, CHBRIESTON AND FOhDID lINES.
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-
pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
oth ways: (
From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
Monday, Dec. 2, at 3 pmm .... "SEMINOLE"..............Sunday, Dec. 8, at 9.co am
Wednesday' 4, at 3 pm ........... "COMANCHE"*.........Tuesday, o, at ii.oo am
Friday, 6, at3 pm ............"CHEROKEE" ..........Thursday, 12, at :oo pm
Monday, 9, at 3 p m ............"IROQUOIS"...............Sunday, 15, at 4:oo a m
Wednesday, II, at3pm ......... "ALGONQUIN". ........ Tuesday, 17, at 5:oo am
Friday, 13, at 3 p .............."SEMINOLE".......... Thursday, 19, at 6'oo am
Monday, 16, at 3 p m............"COMANCHE"* ............Sunday. 22, at 9.00 a rm
Wednesday, 18, at3 P m ..........."CHEROKEE"........ .. ..Tuesday, 24, at o10:00oo a m
Friday, 20o, at 3 P m ....... .... "IROQUOIS" ............ Thursday, 26, at i2:00 n'n
Monday, 23, at 3 p m......... "ALGONQUIN"........... Sunday, 29, at i:00 pm
Wednesday, 25, at 3 p ............. "SEMINOLE".............:Tiieday, 31, at 4:oo am
Friday, 27, at 3 p m............"COMANCHE"*............Thursday, Jan. 2, at 5:oo a m
Monday, 30, at3 pm .......... : CHEROKEE"..............Sunday, 5, at 8;oo am
Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Line.
For the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE" is intended to
sail from PHILADFLPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from
CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection: made at
Charleston with Clyde Florida Steamers, for business to and from Jacksonville and
all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.
STr. JOHNZS RIV]E1R LIrNJ.
For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
the St. Johns River.
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer .
"'CITY OF- JA KSONVILLE:,"
capt. W. A. SHAW,
Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3:80
p. m., and from Sanford Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 9:00 a. In.,
Enterprise, 9:30 a. m.
SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE NORTHBOUND.
Read Down. SCHUDUL Read Up. .
Leave 3 30 p. m ........................Jacksonville ............ ...... Arrive 3.3o0 a. m.
8.45 p m. ..................... .... Palatka.............. ...... Leave 8.oo p. m.
3.00o a. m. ......................... .Astor................... ....... 3.0 m.
4.30 a min. ....... St. Francis.......................... .30 p. m.
5.30 a. m. .......................... Beresford .................. .. .... 12.o00noon
6.oo a. m ..................... Blue Springs ...................... iI.3oa.nm.
Arrive 8.30 a. m. ............. .. .. Sanford....................:..... 9.00oo a. m,
9.25 a. m. ........................ Enterprise ................. ...... 8.00 a, m.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, I ew York.
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
D. D. C. MINK, General Freight Agent. 12 F'o. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Gl een, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
J.A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
12 South Delaware Avenue. Philadelphia. 5 Bowline Green, New YqW.
W. A. BOUR
*S. ESTABLISHED 1875. .. J
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,
. B. BOURS.
Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stodkdf
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,
Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.
STATE AGENTS FOR
Tgleri-Allen Fertilizer Go.
Star Brand Fertilizers,
PURE 'GROUND BONE
" MURIATE OF POTASH,
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. B SULTPHATI
Orange Tree and Ife e eable KAINI
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market. and a trial will convince.
Rend for Catalowne free
X0 FOR ATLANTA.
Don't fail to see our splendid Exhibit at the.great Exposition. The same
class of goods that took the highest awards at the World's Fair
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, WAGONS, BICYCLES, HARNESS, SADDLES, ETC.; i
at factory prices. As manufacturers we save you 20 to 50 per cent. All-,
*%S ..Mlywork Guaranteed. SBend for our latest and biggest Cataloge, showing A
"A" &rade. 1. new styles improvements, and lowest prices. It's free. write today
-AIANCEt the ABAE CO., MA i FACTiEr who CICINAT, O
mestlen the ams ar toifs paper when *jo wPi .,
ELPassage leateW a
THE NEW MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
Mandoline=Banjo- a 1--Iandoline=Guitar
..................................... INVENTED AND MANUFACTURED IN AMERICA.
These are the Instruments of the Age and the latest invention in the Musical Art; nothing choicer or more elegant
for Concert and Home. The sweet, delicate clearness of the Mandoline breathing through
the vivacity of the Banjo and Guitar tone.
+ + 4
SFLORIDA FAME. AND FRUIT-.ROWER, Agt.,
10 .Xo$olmeOx'rille0 X*1a.
See it! try it I and you will be pleased.
For sale by dealers in Musical Instruments.
If not obtainable at home, write to headquarters.
.+. .. +
* flUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF ALL KINDS AT WHOLESALE.
(Copyright, 1893, by A. Pollmann).
SPIPRITr' : 014 MITSIC
pa lly Use.
* IN THE WORLD.
Child Can Play
Is ilnrlsoned In the SY MPHONY-with caeh perforated ribbon it is released and sings. The stops vary the quality of solo and concerted effects illimatably. The Grandeur of a
Requiem, the Rolicking Barcarolle, or the Vivacity of a Minuet. All rendered with equal ease on the SYM PHONY.
B-SEND FOB CATALOGUE. INVENTORS AND PATENTEES,
.Farmer Ss F'ruit= Grorwer, Sole Agent for Florida, Jacksonville, Fla.
-'ngllllillllllllllll l aliim lllllititiil lmlliltiiiii i tK i ig i t iiiiiilii li llltm i lllllll l l i l l l -itl
Oi dally exhibition at;:
wYork-lty 1'8: 5th Ave. Troy. N.Y 3.IBroad 'vnyChicago, Til. W.W. Kimball&Co. Dallas, Tex. - 261 Main St.
oh. Mass. 453 Wabhlngton St LeaVenworth. Kan. 521 Dejware Sr. Philadelphia, Pa. 1- 1808 Chestnut St. San Dlego,-Cat. 1050"Furtb St.
urg. Penn. 433 Wood St. K1 anas' City. Mo. 206 Wr Nnib Sti San Francisco, Cal. Rooms 12 and 14 Flood B'l'd Stockton, Cal. 25-Main St.
I DatihO. 23 West Fourth St New Orleans, La. 0i Canal St Washington, D. C. --925 Perihsylvania Ave. Pi tsflcld Mass. WQrthSt.
JMobi 7MonroeAre.' Wilmingoton. Del. 71u Marke St Atlanta. Ga. 63 Peachtree St. Madra, India .
.M..- 119 EastBaltimore St. Portland. Me. 588 Congress St. Newark N. J. *- --657 Broad St. Montreal. Canada 2268 St. Catherine St.
Bzpoi ;N;. *o -. 'W6 Fulton St. Mexioo City, Calle Cadena, No. 8 Louisville, Ky." .- 22 Fourth St. Seattle, Wash.. 1018 SecondSt.
* .- .. .* *'* *-
The New Society flusical Instruments.
MORE COMPLETE, LIGHTER, MORE CONVENIENT, AND MORE ELEGANT THAN OTHER SIMILAR
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.