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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
AND FRUIT GROWER.
WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH."
/ = --~~~~ -
S. Powers, Publisher and Proprietor.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.. JUNE 8, 1895.
Whole No. 1374 NEW SERIES.
Whole o. Vol. VII, No. 23
BAT& AGENTS FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS' ASSOCIATION.
RESPONSIBLE RELIABLE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 167 & 169 SCOTT
BATTERSON & CO STREET, BUFFALO, N. Y, SHIP POTATOES, CABBAGE AND WATERMELONS ONLY.
W. C. WILL. ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F. JONES. IT AI T I! Fk 1 A T-1 A
WILL & JONES,
58 & 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN ST.,
BUFFALO, N. Y.
WHOLESALE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application Reliable agents wanted at
all principal shipping points,
REFERENCES : -
First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Brad-
PLANTS FOR SUMMER PLANTING.
An exceedingly large Stock of Desirable Plants, mostly pot-grown, are
best set during Summer. We have everything of value you may need
O O 0 AT i L1W a PRICES. 0 0
S,- f. Special attention called to Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruits, Camphor,
g Cinnamon, Sisal Hemp, Palms, Surinam Cherry, Grevillas, Ornamental
0g Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Aquatics, etc., ete. Everything for Florida.
Speciallow rates for quantities. Catalogue free.
REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla.
A fAn Immense stock of
HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenias,
Magnolia Fuseata, and thousands of other
desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write
for our prices.
P. J. BERCKMANS
FRUITLAND NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia.
MAKE HAY AND FORAGE.
TEOSINTE. Packet 1o cents; ounce 15 cents; pound $1.50, postpaid.
PEARL MILLET. Pound 35 cents; 4 pounds $1.25 post paid. to pound lots or above by ex-'
press or freight not prepaid, 20 cents per pound.
KAFFIR CORN AND BRANCHING SORGHUM. Pound 30cents; 4 pounds, $i.oo postpaid;
10 pound lots or above not prepaid, 15 cents per pound.
EARLY ORANGE AND EARLY AMBER SORGHUM. Pound 25 cents; 4 pounds 90 cents
postpaid. io ound lots or above not prepaid z12 cents per pound.
SPANISH PEANUTS. Pound, postpaid, 30o cents; peck 75 cents; bushel, $2.50 ndoprepaid.
Catalogue. InHAtSTIIaS te CO., S n loEa.
Catalogue free. Interiaohen, Fl oridada.
(I. L. oh anew 1. ssiogae 5r .1- recount 17 years' eperence witl the early pro-ucv ye and hardy assmatsoange
ad thvi'rorous Citrtle which, wi thout protection, stands the winters; as far north aas nin jured.)
pRAN MoES. POELO S. CITRUS FI RUITS
in variety, on o orange and tr liata stos ver ov e or-a u ai"r klorida and Lower South, cludi g
pes,a rcotsolives mulbeu ,omerrs anates, almon J ,-n Iuts, panchestnuts, kmu ornameta s:
ai eties in extense e ne grounds, m nned lor the purposeat considerableexee,
been a lead .feature of the business for thirteen years, and haos ply repaid the otlay in the iforn action afforded. Gilded
b lts obtained in our own rose gardens, we have selected, and offer, as especiallywell adapted to the climate ofthis region .
rtisticills recentresultswithleadink sorts latestpracticeandbestmetliodsincultuireandmanagement Seridto
SL. TABR. Glen St. Mr. Fla.. Tr nri edition (enlargedand writtenn throurthou ofthe Cataloue ofrts
--WRITE TO THE-
L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co.,
If you are in need of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer Material, and get their
Special Low Prices for Cash with Order.
This opportunity of a lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost to the manufacturer.
Office and Warehouse Rear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway bet. Main and Laura Sts.
qend for Pocket Memoranda Book.
Dozen pineapple plants
CAN BE DELIVERED IN AUGUST.
For further information write
JOHN M. GRIFFIN,
In any quantity, nice, clean, thrifty Orange and
Lemon Bud Wood of the following varieties:
St, MICHAELS, ,
Dancy's Tangerines & Mandarins.
Lisbon, Eureka and Villa Franca.
All true to name. $450 per ,ooo; $ for 3,000ooo;
$2o for 7,00ooo. Delivered to any post office in the
S t a t e A d d r e s s r
0. D. WILHITE,
I have known 0. D. Wilhite and know him to,
,to be reliable., Have received buds from him
the past week in fine condition.-Chas. Pugsley,
Mannville, Florida. -
for Saw Mills has" lately been ,improved and
is absolutely perfect. Simple, sensitive, dura-
ble and cheap. Very quick
GIG BACK MOTION.
Variable to any extent and in a great measure
varies automatically. The easiest and safest of
all feeds to handle and the easiest of all to apply.
Can be Put on any Mill in a Few Hours.
We will gladly loan free of charge for thirty
days to all good mill men, or will give six weeks
to the first to apply from each county.
For further particulars apply to the
FLA. IRON & WOOD WORKS,
J. W. EMERSON,
Apopka, Fla. Manager.
Live parties wanted to handle
first-class Orange and Lem-
Address at once,
BOSTON & SOUTH RIVERSIDE FRUIT CO.,
FARw' SAW MILL
Works successfully with 4
In te Whels. h, p., also Grinding Mills
and Water Wheels
DeLoach. Mill Mfg. Co..
328 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga.
INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their natural state just as-
the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined artifi-
cially with dangerous acids and alkalies. They produce good immediate results, and at the same time
are a source of future available fertility to the soil. They are compounded according to formulas ap-
proved by the experience and observation of twenty years.
HIGH GRADE COMPLETE
Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. ORANGE TREE MANURE. Garden Truck Fertilizer.
Per cent. Per cent. Per cent.
Ammonia............................... 3 to 4 Ammonia ................................ 5 to 6 Ammonia ......................... 4.50 to 5.25
Avail. Phos. Acid....................... 6 to 8 Avail. Phos. Acid.................... 7 to 9 Available Phosphoric Acid........ 8.25 to 9.00
Acid Soluble Phos. Acid................. 2 to 3 Acid Soluble Phos. Acid ........... ... 2 to 3 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid.......... I.oo to 2.50
Total Phos. Acid.......... .......... 8 to To Total Phos. Acid.... ................. io to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid....... ..... 9.oo to ii.oo
Actual Potash.......... ................. o10 to 12 Actual Potash .......................... 3 to 4% Potash(actual) ..... ........... 6.50 to 7.50
INTIE GROUND BONSE
Ammonia...... ..... 4 to 5 per ct. I Phosphoric Acid............ 20 to 21 per ct. I Equal to Bone Phosphate...... 44 to 46 per ct.
IMPERIAL PLOWS, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.
This implement is very popular in all fruit-growing districts ; apple, peach, orange groves,
tobacco and corn culture and for truck farming has no equal. Made with seven or eight spring
teeth. Easily adjusted for depth with lever from rear. Unloads trash readily ; stirs and pulver-
izes the ground thoroughly. Made of steel and malleable iron; finished nicely, and bound to give
satisfaction wherever used. Adjusted for depth.
Made of the best material by skilled mechanics, according to the
latest approved designs. The most economical, because the strongest
and most durable.
No. 10. Chilled, weight 80o lbs ......... $9.oo No. 9. Chilled, weight 65 lbs ............. 7.oo.
No. 8. 50 bs.. ...... 6.oo I No. 5. 46 Ibs ............. 5.oo.
The teeth 8% inches long and Y inch square, are fastened to the cross b1rs by clamps, and
can be raised or lowered to any degree of cut, or taken out for resharpening. The cross bars are
" U shaped, the lightest and strongest shape known for a harrow bar, and are highly carbonized
to add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of shape. A forward movement of the handle
throws the teeth into a horizontal position, allowing the rubbish to escape. Brackets attached to
each corner turn down when the teeth are out of the ground and make transportation over uu-
plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each.
One section, 24 teeth, Y inch, cuts 3 feet 9 inches...................... $ 8.00.
Two sections, 48 teeth, A inch, cuts 7 feet 6 inches-................... 15.00.
These prices include draw bars.
Send for complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers, Agricultural Implements, Pumps,
Nose, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry Crates, etc.
IMPERIAL STEEL "U BAR LEVER HARROW.
A company, of which W. S. Linton,
of Saginaw, Mich., is president, and
Dr. H. F. Thomas, of Allegan, Mich.,
is an officer, has contracted with the
East Coast Line people for three large
tracts of land lying between Fort
Pierce and Biscayne Bay, which the
gentlemen mentioned above examined
during their late visit here, and on
which tracts colonies of farmers and
lumbermen from the Northwest will
be settled. The colonies will leave in
October, after their crops have been
harvested, an excursion rate having
been arranged for them. These men
will engage chiefly in trucking, giving
special attention to lemons, grape fruit,
pineapples and grapes. Their lands
will be be known as "ribbon farms."
This means they will all front on a
beautiful'avenue, with a hard road bed,
and have a narrow frontage, but any
desired depth. The farm houses are
thus brought close together, and
neighbors can talk "across lots" and
be sociable. It is a great scheme.-
The growth on orange trees seems
to be making a foot a week in some
instances; but we have demonstrated,
without a doubt in our mind, that the
trees which have been pruned back
into the live wood are the ones that
are coming out best in the end. Our
trees are 'all young buds and as an
experiment we cut back the trees af-
ter the freeze to about an inch from
the live bark. In one instance we cut
into the live bark and did not leave a
sign of the sour sap. That tree is the
most vigorous tree we have to-day
and one limb on it is more than four
feet in length, and growing rapidly.
Capt. Cook's trees, in his front yard,
made a good start several feet above
ground, but now the limbs which
had a few frozen spots below the new
growth are rapidly dying and the
growth is turning yellow and dying
also. The only safe way to save such
trees is to cut them below the frozen
spots and cut away every trace of
sour' bark.-West Coast Truth.
Last week was consummated the
sale of the celebrated Eclipse Orange
Grove by the owner, Mr. E. H. Mote,
to Mrs. W. M., Lovell and Mr. Wm.
Vail. Also Mrs. Mote's grove adjoin
ing, to the same parties. This is a
very valuable piece of property, and
before the freeze was valued at $75,-
6o60. The combined groves contain
forty acres, which are very favorably
located on Lake Griffin, just outside
the corporate limits, of Leesburg. The
soil is of stiff marl and very product-
ive; not only for oranges, but all veg-
etables and fruits. The Eclipse grove.
was bought by Mr. Mote four years
ago, at *which time it bore 3,500
boxes of oranges. In three seasons
he- had increased its capacity to 13,-
ooo boxes, the last crop.-Leesburg
George C. Matham of the Florida
Pineapple Company arrived at'Hobe
Sound Saturday from the Lake Worth
country on a visit to W. Gordon
Brown. Mr. Matham brought with
him 5,000 pineapple slips to be
planted on Mr. Brown's plantation at
Hobe Sound. Mr. Matham said that
the Florida Pineapple Company had
about 16o,oo000o slips for shipment,
16,oo000o of which have already been
disposed of.-Palatka Times-Herald.
It .was feared for a time that the
worms would destroy a considerable
portion of the tomato crop, but it now
appears that there was very little dam-
age done and that the pests have very
nearly disappeared. The present
prospects are that taken as a whole
the crop will be:a paying one in this
county, despite the freezes and the
other set backs.-Bartow C-I.
TIM FLORIDA FARMER AND PFtUI'l-GRIOWER.
Y2ER" FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. YEAR.
THE ART OF CANNING. a vent or small aperture is left for the
final soldering. The cans or jars are
Some Information on this Timely placed in trays and these are set in at
Topic. one end of the exhausting machine and
A recently published book by Ern- are carried on an endless belt or chain
est F. Schwaab, entitled The Secrets through a hot water bath at a rate of
of Canning," gives, in the course of speed so regulated that when they
148 pages, a good deal of information emerge on the other side they will
to those who contemplate the estab- have been heated sufficiently to expel
lishment of canning factories, and, in- all lingering remnants of air. The
cidentally, to house-wives who put up water in the bath in the exhausting
fruit and vegetables in a small way for machine is heated to 212 degrees, and
the family. the cans are kept in it from four to ten
A PLANT. minutes, according to the variety of
A number of estimates are given of fruit or vegetables contained.
the cost of outfits. One with a capaci- SOME ARTICLES CANNED.
ty of 2,000 cans per day is estimated
to cost $460.50, but this includes a Of these a full list is given from
i6-horse power boiler and tanks which which we will select only a few. Sweet
might be provided at home. The potatoes are extensively canned. The
boiler of an irrigating plant, if large first process is to bleach them, which
enough, would answer all purposes. is done by putting them in the process
Then there are three tanks, each three crate having first put wire netting on
feet in diameter and two feet deep, the bottom and around the sides, and
which the author says may be made then lowering the crate into the pro-
of "two-inch stuff, either well- cess tank and letting it remain there
seasoned pine or oak," if they are sub- until the skin of the potatoes begins
stantially put together. This would to crack or they are about three-fourths
reduce the cost in actual outlay, aside cooked. They are then taken on
from what may be provided at home, forks, the skin removed as quickly as
to $246.00. Instead of the wooden possible, sliced, quartered and imme-
tanks kettles are used, made of '8-inch diately packed in the cans without
boiler iron set in brick-work for heat- liquor. In exhausting the crate is not
ing the water-bath to cook or pro- lowered deep enough to admit water
cess the fruit." into the cans, as they are dry-packed.
PROCESSING THE FRUIT. Sweet potatoes are packed in 3 lb.
This is what the housewife would cans and at a cost of aboutt $1.io a
in everyday terms, call simply cook- case. The average yield is about
ing the fruit, although it is not cooked, eight tons per acre (this is for the
only "processed." After the fruit or North), and packers pay $r5 to $20
vegetables have been washed, peeled er cto for them delivered at the
pitted, halved or whatever else may String beans command about thirty
be necessary by way of preparation, cents per beans command about thrty
it displaced in the cans uncooked. cents per bushel for good stock. In
Some varieties are then filled up with prepar toug string beans for the can all
cane-sugar syrup of a strength not the tough beans should be excluded; t
less than o10, others are filled up then string, reak in two the large t
with cold water (of this "pie peaches pods; place in the bleacher, and dip in
with cold water (of this "pie peaches' the scalding-tank for three minutes. c
are an instance). Fruits, berries and The can has an opening on the side t
tomatoes are processed only about ten instead of on the top, and is filled with
minutes on an average; that is, the watead of on the top, and is filled with
cans full of the cold fruit and syrup water in which just enough salt has t
cans full of the cold fruit and syrup been dissolved to give it a salty taste. c
are placed in the steam-heated tank This brine may be cold or hot; if the v
that length of time. These varieties latter, th e exhausting process isf the
are treated to the open tank process- latter, the exhausting process is not i
that is, there is no top to the tank, process; needed, but the cans are soldered at
that is, there steam canno top to the tank, so once. Packed in 2-lb. cans at a cost t:
that the steam cannot be compressed of about $1.oo per case. Fair demand, e
or superheated and the temperature margin of profit small. ii
does not rise above 2120, or that of Peas are of grown smargely for market in
boiling water. Other vegetables, fish, Peas are grown lg for market n f
boiling water. Other vegetablprocessedh, the green state, and are shipped to all i
me n a closed bath or steam-tank in parts of the country, but in the princi- ti
in a closed bath or steam-tank in pal pea-packing districts 0f the North c
which the heat is usually raised to pal pea-packing districts.of the North c
about 240, and continued from aised to they are cultivated for canning alone. fr
teen to forty minutes, according to Indeed, there is so much demand for li
the variety. Tomatoes, for instance good canned peas that packers some- tl
in an open bath, are steamed thirty times offer such good prices for the j
in a n open bath, are steamed thirty green article that it becomes scarce in s<
minutes for a 3-lb. can, 22 minutes the market and prices rise. a
for a 2-1b. can (heat 2120); if in a th market and prices rise. a
for a 2-lb. can (heat 2120); if in .a No article that goes into the can re- b
closed-top bath, ten minutes for a 3-lb. artcle that to the ca re- b
can, eight minutes for a 2-lb. can quires greater care in preparation than o0
(heat 24) peas or pays better for it. They are ai
(heat 2400). first graded as to size with the lieasep- ai
ISUBSEQUENT OPERATIONS. arator, a kind of. seive; then spread
As soon as the cans are processed on tables and all black eyes an id yel-
they are capped and. soldered. With low peas removed by carefully picking te
some varieties this is the end of the them over; then blanched in the pea to
matter, the soldering being complete blancher till the skin begins to con- th
and final. With others it is necessary tract. They are packed in the can, w
to give them a second heating in or- leaving about a half inch at the top of an
der to exhaust or remove every vest- the can to allow for the swelling of the m
ige of air; and when this is to be done peas. The cans are filled up' with C-
brine, to which it is advised to add a
In the North, the yield of the
"Early Junes," or first ripening varie-
ties, is about seventy-five bushels, in
the pod, per acre; of the Marrowfats,
or late varieties, about a hundred
bushels. Packers pay $i to $1.25 per
bushel for the early varieties ; 50 to 75
cents for the Marrowfats.
Pineapples bring from $7 to $9 per
hundred in Baltimore for canning pur-
poses. The fruit is carefully sliced or
grated and should contain no eyes. A
heavier syrup than io degrees is rec-
ommended. Packed in 2-lb cans and
costs about $2. io per case for stand-
ard, or $3 for fancy. Fine goods
bring fancy prices, paying well.
CANNING IN THE HOUSEHOLD.
By buying tin cans, which can be
had for two or three cents apiece, the
farmer's wife can put up fruit and
vegetables more cheaply than they can
be purchased; but this is not the case
when glass jars are used. Tin cans
are safe if they are properly used, the
contents emptied out as soon as the
can is opened. Still, it is probable
that the majority of women will prefer
to use the glass jars.
One of the secrets of success in can-
ning is in taking pains to exclude the
air completely before the sealing is
done. Another is, with fruits, to use
a plenty of sugar. Strawberries and
blackberries especially require sugar;
strawberries, almost pound for pound;
blackberries three-fourths of a pound
of sugar to a pound of fruit. This does
away with the necessity for long cook-
.ng; in fact, it is almost ruinous to
small-seeded fruit to cook it long; it
separates the juice and seeds complete-
.y, so that one is tempted to sift out
he latter and throw them away. If
he berries and sugar are put on to-
gether and just brought to a boil, then
:anned at once, the color and form of
he fruit are retained, and the fruit is
nore pleasing to the eye, as well as
he palate. Tomatoes need not be .(
lookedd any longer than berries. Other l
vegetables and corn need longer cook- ]
To prepare the jars for the recep-
ion of the hot fruit some housekeep- t
rs heat them over a kettle of steam- t
ng water or over the stove. This is i
ar less successful in preventing crack- c
ng than the simple expedient of set- r
ing the jars on several thicknesses of f
loth wet in cold water. Pour in the u
ruit or Vegetables, let the jar stand a c
ttle while for the contents to settle, g
hen add enough of the boiling hot
lice to fill it level full and at once g
crew on the lid as tight as a strong u
rm can screw it. Never use a rub- w
er band the second time. An old F
ne loses its elasticity under pressure, h
nd is not at all likely to exclude the m
On Saturday Mr. Milam received a o
legram saying his last shipment of n
imatoes brought $6 per crate. By c
.e end of this week his shipments tI
ill have reached a thousand crates aj
>d he. expects to have a thousand n
ore for June shipment.- Bartow s!
Some Thoughts About the Orange
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
I often think of a remark made
many years ago by an old gentleman
in Mississippi. He said he had re-
moved the old shingles from his house
and put on new ones and the old
shingles made such a lot of nice kind-
lings that he thought he would repeat
the operation when the kindlings gave
out. A lady in a recent number of
your valued paper puts her faith in a
higher power to keep the hawks from
her chickens. Brother DeLanoy puts
his faith in a sh6t gun. But the Old
Egg Man, after twenty-five years trial,
feels more secure in a lot of orange
tree brush scattered over the ground.
Some time ago a vicious little hawk
came in to one of my yards and dived
and dodged around, and tried hard to
get one of the little Leghorns. He
finally alighted on the topmost brush
of a prostrate tree and looked long-
ingly around. He knew that there
were forty or fifty nice toothsome
birds below him, but he had to go
away empty, disgusted and hungry.
He has not been back since and has
doubtless told his friends and relatives
that there are lots of nice chickens here
but none to be had by the spryest and
most active of his family. A shot
gun is a good thing if one has it in
hand, loaded, and knows where the
hawk is going to make an attempt to
get his breakfast, but give me a lot of
brush well scattered over my poultry-
yard and I can bid defiance to all the
hawks in the country.
Another consolation comes from a
look at these dead orange trees lying
around me. I have a lot of the best
wood for the stove and fireplace,
enough, I should think, to last me sev-
It seems a great pity that the
most of us could not see just what
to do after the freeze, and have the
means to do it as Mr. D. W. Adams
did. If most of the orange growers
iad done as he did, even so late as
March 15th, or even April ist, I feel
ure that the crop of oranges in the
winter of 1896-'7 would have been ten
times as great as now seems likely in
his state. It is not too late even now
n many cases, to cut away all of the
lead stump and get sprouts from the
oots. If we could know when the
reeze was coming next time and bank
ip the tree with earth in the fall and
lean it away in spring, we would not
et so great a set back.
I think the fears that trees cannot be
ot from these roots in a few years are
tterly groundless. Col. Codrington,-
rho was at one time editor of the
'lorida Agriculturist, told me that in
is native home, in Jamaica, there
iere a lot of orange trees in front of
he house and repeated attempts were
iade by cutting down and grubbing
ut- the roots to kill them, but they
ever succeeded, on account of the
oquina rock below. A citron bush
iat I thought I had killed two years
go is "coming again." And my
neighbor, J. H,, says if my trees don't
rout this year they will next. We
ave in most cases good healthy roots,
356 T~E 1~tO~ThA 1lA~M~R ANfl 1l~kt7tT-GROWE1l.
Unless you know who you are dealing with. "CHEAP" Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto is, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (not
Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS.' Brands wherever used.
For present conditions we recommend the use of the following brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and which has already
been used extensively. -mo
"NEVER DESPAIR" BRAND.
Ammonia ...................6 to 7 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid..4 to 6 "
Potash, (Actual)............ 3 to4 "
PRICE, $32.00 Per Ton f. o. b,, Jacksonville.
Special attention is also called to the following brand:
JTRJlUCK I FEWRrILIZEIR.
Ammonia.............. .. to 4 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid. .6 to 8 "
Potash (Actual) ............4 to 6 "
PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f. o. b., Jacksonville.
Lowest prices on Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate Soda, Sulphates and Muriates of Potash. Write us for prices on any thing you may need.
LITTLE BROS'. FERTILIZER AND PHOSPHATE CO., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
and a little work and care will surely
make good trees again, long before
any small trees can be made as large.
M. CHESEBRO, Pummers, Fla.
Preserving Fruit in Borax.
Frank M. Smith, the borax king,
believes that he has solved the prob-
lem of preserving fresh fruit so that it
can be put on the Eastern markets in
a satisfactory condition.
For some time he has been experi-
menting with borax and finds the in-
gredients of the salt peculiarly adapted
for precluding vegetable decomposi-
The discovery is the result of a sug-
gestion made by Mr. Smith one day
while lunching with a friend. The
gentlemen were discussing the success
that had attended the experiment of
boraxing fresh meat, when Mr. Smith
was asked why he had never tried pre-
serving fruit in the same way. He
said it had never occurred to him, but
that afternoon he gave the subject so
much thought that as soon as he re-
turned to his home in East Oakland
he packed several pounds of cherries
in a box of powdered borax. This
on an extensive scale. As the ex-
periments on the different fruits prove
successful barrels of the fruit will be
packed and sent to the East and Eu-
rope. Whenever an experiment is
pronounced successful it will be pub-
lishedtor the benefit of growers and
commission men who may wish to
preserve their stock.
"There is no patent on this dis-
covery", said Mr. Smith yesterday;
"it is free to all. I regard it of the
utmost value in working out of the
problem of domestic economy. The
same borax can be used over and over
again, and think of the amount of un-
necessary domestic waste that will be
avoided by preserving fruit this way.
Private families, as-well as hotels and
restaurants, can have their borax
bins at small expense in which they
can constantly keep an assortment of
"The experiment is as yet in its in-
fancy, and I am loth to claim too
much for it, but from the tests we
have made it is reasonable to believe
the system of borax preserving will
play an important part in the commer-
box was placed in the cellar and FRUITS OUT OF SEASON.
alongside of it he put a large glass "There is another question involved
dish filled with the same,kind of fruit, in this discovery that is quite as valu-
Then he awaited developments. The able in its way as the waste question,
next day he visited the cellar and, and that is the ability it affords to pro-
found the cherries in the dish were duce fruits out of their natural season.
beginning to turn. In three days they Cherries in the autumn and figs at
were so decomposed that it was nec- Christmas. How would that be ?
cessary to throw them away. In There is money in furnishing fruits'
order to make a good test he determ- out of season for any one who wants
ined' not to disturb the packed cher- to take up that line of business. No,
ries for three weeks. At the termi- I have not yet considered the possi-
nation of that time the box was opened ability of going into the business my-
and the fruit was found as fresh and self, but am confident it would be a
in as good a condition as when first lucrative one. I have not yet gone
placed there. that far with my .plans, but may put,
CHERRIES KEPT IN PERFECT CONDITION up a warehouse for that purpose near
Mr. Smith was amazed and he was the borax refinery, in Alameda. The
delighted over the result and deter- cost of shipping fruit by slow freight,
mined to experiment on a larger is small, and I don't see why farmers'
scale. He had a quantity of cher- should not pack their own crops and
ries packed in a barrel of borax an'd sell from their own places .
sent to Chicago by slow freight. Last "I have not yet experimented with
week he received a telegram saying berries, but am inclined to think they
the fruit had arrived in perfect condi- :would not be,a success. They are 'so
tion and was bringing surprisingly, soft and the juice is too near the sur-
high prices. ..ace. Neither have, I experimented
Since then a number of barrels of, with .vegetables, although I believe
cherries ,have been packed in borax they would stand the borax and keep
and are now ready for shipment east. perfectly. The ,possibilities of this
As fast as the different varieties of mode of preserving are, marvelous.
fruit ripen experiments will be made After this season we will know pretty
by:Frank C. Havens at Rose Crest thoroughly what there. is in it. Ore-
Villa,. his place at Vernon Heights, gon, Nevada and California, abound,
Oakland. The experiments will be in borax and why shouldn't people'
who have small deposits of this salt apples varying in size from an inch to
on their places use it for preserving three inches, prefering to let the plants
their crops ?"-San Francisco Exami- attain their full growth before per-
ner. mitting them to mature the fruit.-Or-
S lando Reporter.
Thousands of Pineapple Plants. Letter from Lee ounty.
No one can look at the fine show of Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
handsome pineapple plants now grow- Enclosed $2.00 subscription to your
ing in Geo. I. Russell's Fair Oaks paper. We have had one of the
and Ivanhoe pineries in the northern finest seasons for all kinds of crops I
end of town without being convinced ever saw in Florida. Plenty of rain
of the wonderful recuperative powers at all times during the winter and as
of this successful semi-tropical pro- a rule not too much. The islands,
duct which has proven so profita- (keys), on the gulf coast, have been a
ble in this section of the state, little short of moisture.
Mr. Russell has the largest pinery Our people planted cucumbers,
under cover in Florida and has now tomatoes, snap beans and egg plants,
thousands of plants which have with- just after the February frost, so they
stood the freezes of December, '94, have been shipped North for over a
and February, '95. month, thousands of crates per day,
Of course the leaves of all the 8o,- and good prices obtained. Our people
ooo plants were killed by these cold generally stop shipping North about
snaps, but not five per cent of the June ist as Northern gardeners come
plants themselves were killed, and now in competition. The freeze in the
he has thousands of slips and suckers North, the middle of May, may give
shooting out all over the plants. our truckers a month longer to ship
There will probably be roo,0oo of North. The hardy vegetables, onions,
these ready for the market within a turnips, lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower,
few weeks, and many of them are celery, radishes, beets, etc, were not
even now in good shape for setting hurt by frost, and good sales made all
out. winter. Strawberries were very fine
Mr. Russell has devoted ten years and prices here ruled fron 30 to 40
to a careful study of pineapple grow- cents per quart during January, Feb-
ing and has now settled down to the ruary and March. Since then prices
Abbaka, Enville City, Smooth Cay- in our home markets have come down
enne and Golden Queen as the very even to o10 cents per quart. Oats is
best varieties to cultivate. He has very fine, and corn appears as large
discarded all others for these, and now and stout as it gets in Illinois.
has two as profitable pineries as are Since the freeze, a regular boom has
to be found .in the Stase. He always set in, for Lee county. A great deal
secures the highest market prices for of real estate changing hands and
his fruit, many improvements in and out of
He tells of an incident which illus- town. It seems certain that railroads
trates the peculiar turns which a mar- and extensive hotels, are coming in
ket will take.. *When he first com- the near future. H. B. Plant has
menced shipping pineapples with the Fort Myers, for the terminus of one
tops cut off, the dealers refused .them of his ocean steamship lines. Gov-
and demanded those with full tops, ernment is improving our harbor and
but this soon changed, as the consum- channel for steamers.
ers soon discovered that the tops were Pineapples that stood out all winter,
taken off of the choice varieties, the without protection, are fruiting but
.tops of these being .valuable, and con- the apples will be inferior in size.
sequenily sought them out in the mar- Those under the shed, at the experi-
kets, thus promoting the sale of the. ment station, were not hurt. Oranges
non-tops, many times in preference to and grape fruit, will give a fine crop.
those bearing tops. There is no trou- Our stores are full of pumpkins,
ble now to sell these topless apples, squashes, muskmelons and water-
and, in fact, they are demanded by melons of the finest quality.
many Northern buyers. Horse bananas were not hurt. The
Mr. Russell has about eight acres tender cavendish had the foliage
of pinery under cover, from which killed, but are now in full leaf and
each year he realizes a handsome in- promise a fair crop.
come.,',. It is unfortunate that Lee county
He has .taken from his plants with- with her fine climate and rich soil..is
in ithe .past few, weeks thousands of so far out of the way that people
i ,th ew ,
THE FLORIDA FPARMER AND PRIIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 357
have not come here to engage in
agriculture and horticulture. Splen-
did lands here, suitable for vegeta-
bles, pineapples, bananas and citrus
fruits can be had at fair prices, from
$10.00 to $50.00 per acre. Golden
opportunities for io,ooo families at
least. We hear of colonies coming
from Oklahoma, South Dakota, Mis-
sissippi, Cincinnati and other points.
Fine opportunities for the sportsman,
for large or small game. Fish and
oysters in abundance, and perhaps
more tarpon caught, at Fort Myers,
than in all the rest of the State com-
bined, 438 in one season, caught with
rod and reel. Atlanta will hear from
L. C. WASHBURN, M. D.,
Editor Farmer and Fi ult-Grower:
This plant is found in the same
genus as the common yellow dock,
but is-a different species. It grows
somewhat abundantly in Arizona, New
Mexico, and other sections adjacent.
It has been known for a long time
that the root contained a large proper
tion of tannic acid, which has been
used to tan hides. Within a few years
attention has been drawn to it as a
source of tanning for commercial pur-
poses. Somewhat large quantities of
the root have been gathered from
places where it grows wild. This has
been dried and shipped to points in
the eastern parts of America and to
Europe, where its merits have been
carefully tested in the practical work
of tanning. Some parties in the South-
-west and in California are now put-
ting out large plantations of the root.
In February, 1894, I procured some
roots from New Mexico, which were
set out on the Station farm at Lake
City. They made a fair growth last
year. The leaves look very much
like the leaves of yellow dock, but are
somewhat broader and somewhat
lighter in color. Last year the plant
made its -growth by June i5th, and
the leaves died down so that nothing
of the plant was visible during the
summer and early fall. In the fall
the leaves again showed themselves,
and the plants have grown finely
through the winter and spring. The
leaves are now ripening, and soon the
plant will go into its dormant condi-
Judging from this experience of two
years I should say that the plant will
grow well in Florida. It is, however,
a question as to its being a profitable
crop to grow here. It is altogether
probable that it will give as much
tannic acid as the saw palmetto, which
is very rich in this substance. The
attention which has been given to ex-
tracting tannic acid from the saw pal- s
metto roots indicates that this indus a
try has a profitable future. The saw n
palmetto grows in such endless quan- s
titles in Florida that it seems likely i
that it will not be profitable to culti- c
vate any root in competition with it.
0. CLUTE. T
Lake City, May 27, 1895 CLUTE.
Lake City will be a "dry town" c
now. A law has passed the legisla- u
ture to prohibit the sale of liquor a
within five miles of the Agricultural r
College. -Floridian. n
Pine Culture on the West Coast.
Dr. L. C. Washburn, late director
of the Experiment sub-Station at Ft.
Myers, in Bulletin 27, thus summar-
izes his conclusions:
i. My experience convinces me
that large crops of excellent pines can
be grown in this section, if good cul-
tivation and abundant fertilization are
given. I know that pines have been
successfully grown some distance north
of here. It is altogether probable that
pines can be grown with much success
in all places in Florida in this latitude,
and the great area south of here, con-
taining silica in the soil.
2. Pine land, saw-palmetto land
and hammock land, are all good soil
for pines, if the fertilizers are suitably
applied. A large part of the land in
Lee, Dade and Monroe counties, in-
cluding the keys on the gulf and At-
lantic coasts, will grow pines success-
fully. In many sections of these coun-
ties, good lands for pines can now be
bought for $5.,oo an acre, though in
more accessible locations the price is
3. Pines need generous fertilization.
The fertilizers applied should include
the three principal plant foods, nitro-
gen, potash and phosphoric acid.
These foods can be secured from
stable manure, poultry manure and
well-rotted muck, and commercial fer-
tilizers combined in proper propor-
4. Pines planted eighteen by eight-
een inches grow well, are easily culti-
vated, and yield large crops. When
planted in this way, they help to sup-
port and shade each other.
5. Mulched pines, in locations
where light frosts occasionally occur,
are more liable to injury in winter. '
6. Great care is needed in using
muck and all composts to have them i
thoroughly decomposed and fermen-
ted. Fermentation of any kind is in-
7. Suckers and slips do. well if not
trimmed in any way. I plant them
without pulling off any leaves, and
without cutting off the lower end. I t
plant them with the lower leaves
spread out under ground and with the I
soil tramped firmly on the leaves and
around the stalk. Captain Horr, of
Key West, owning a large pineapple
farm on one of the Ten Thousand I
Islands, tells me he has abandoned. t
the trimming of the plants, and would
not have them trimmed, if done for
nothing, as his experience is that they I
do better without it. 1
Cowpeass for Green Manure. a
The system of. plowing .under cow- r
)eas in the early fall, I must believe will y
e abandoned sooner or later by all
intelligent cultivators. Do not under- s
tand for a moment that I am not an l
advocate of fall plowing. There is o
nothing, in my opinion, that does land n
o much good as a thorough fall plow- f
ng, and especially is this the case with f
ur heavy clay land of the Mississippi ii
lelta, but do not kill the pea to do the A.
blowing, and do plant a pea that will A
;row till frost. Then plow them un- c
ler, if possible; if not, let them alone li
until January; the pea will lose nothing,
nd if your ground was properly pre- ti
iared at the time of planting, it will st
lot be in a bad fix for spring, rest as. it
sured. The causes for reaching these
conclusions could not be given in an
ordinary newspaper article, but let
those that think nothing is good but
plowing under green crops try the new
plan. Plow under one cut and leave
another; be honest with yourself and
watch results. Let the winter frosts
kill the pease and kill the insects;
leave the whole mass on the surface
for a few light freezes, then turn it
under, and my word for it, you will
not return to green manuring.
The value of our running or vining
varieties of pease is almost as great as
a drainage method. As for a fertilizer,
when permitted to attain their full
growth, the roots enter deep down into
the subsoil, presumably in search of
the mineral fertilizer that has been
somewhat exhausted at the surface.
They grow large, strong and vigorous,
permeate the whole soil for some dis-
tance, and leave there when fully de-
cayed millions of roots from the size
of a needle to that of a lead pencil.
These soon decay, leaving the holes
ready for drainage. There is no spad-
ing, no ditching, or tiling that gives as
perfect drainage as a well-planted and
matured pea crop.-La. Planter.
Magnifloent Grape Crop.
The exceptionally fine season which
has made so prolific a yield of vegeta-
bles in this section of the country, has
also made an unprecedented crop of
Niagara grapes for those who properly
cared for and cultivated their vine-
yard. Nearly all of the grape growers
report a good yield and the sight
which awaits the visitor to the grapery
of the Florida Niagara Vineyard Com-
pany, located about two and one half
miles north of Orlando, is a most grat-
.Here are to be seen 150 acres in
healthy strong vines, literally loaded
with bunches of choice Niagaras, just
now attaining their marketable size, or
at least, so far advanced towards
maturity as to warrant Mr. C. A. King,
:he manager of the vineyard, in ex-
pecting to be able to commence ship-
)ing in three weeks' time.
Everything about the vineyard de-
iotes that lots of intelligent work has
been done, and there is now on the
rines to show for it, a crop which it is
thought will not fall below one hun-
Many of the vines are thick with
iuge clusters of perfect fruit, number-
ng from twenty-five to thirty bunches.
A look down the long rows reveals
most lovely fruit picture full of
promise for a prolific and profitable
fieldd of the luscious Niagara grape.
Everything has been arranged for
systematic handling of the crop. The
large packing house has been put in
'rder; the railroad spur, built from the s
nain line of the South Florida rail- t
dad, has been arranged to convey the I
ruit right from the door of the pack-
ng house'to cars on the railroad track.
l convenient car, the handiwork of I
manager King has been especially r
constructed for the convenient han d r
ng of the crated fruit. r
Inside the packing house tier after f
er of perfect spring fruit crates are t
acked up ready for the packers, and a
few weeks' time the place will be a
bustling scene of activity with its army
of fair packers getting the fruit into
he dainty baskets for shipment to the
A glance at the Florida Niagara
Vineyard Company's grapery at the
present time will convince the most
skeptical that grape culture in this vi-
cinity is a success when properly car-
ried on.-Orlando Reporter.
Southern Cattle Fever.
The object of this article is to give
only a very brief description of the
symptoms of the disease, to call atten-
tion to the fact that there are farms
that are free Irom the disease in this
State, and to warn those who are de-
sirous of improving the common stock
that it is not wisdom to make impor-
tations of cattle from north of the
Southern Cattle Fever line. For a full
dissertation upon the disease the read-
er is referred to reports by the Bureau
of Animal Industry.
Southern Cattle Fever may occur in
the acute or chronic form. In the
acute form it is of short duration and
frequently fatal, particularly so to im-
ported stock. In the chronic form it
passes unrecognized, or is treated as
some other malady.
If Northern or non-infected cattle
come in contact with infected cattle
the disease will develop in from two
weeks to three months. The symnp-
toms come on rather suddenly, the
acute form running its whole course in
from two days to a little more than a
week. The first symptoms are dull-
ness, dropping of the ears, sluggish
look from the eve, loss of appetite and
sudden diminution of the flow of milk
in milch cows. The bowels are more
or less constipated, faeces dry and
streaked with blood and mucus. Fever
rises on the second day, and the tem-
perature goes to 103-105 F. The
pulse is rapid and breathing hurried.
There is a decided weakness of the
back, so the animal remains lying
down. There is little thirst. The
urine is probably lessened in quantity,
but gradually increases in color as the
disease progresses until it is very red.
Death or recovery takes place inside
of a week.
A post mortem shows very, little
blood in the skin or muscles, and the
fat is brownish yellow. The bile is in
very large quantities in the gall blad-
der, and the intestines and the liver
are very yellow. The spleen (milt) is
enlarged from three to six times its
normal size, and is of very blackish,
pulpy consistency. The blood is in
small quantity and coagulated. De-
composition is rapid.
The acute type of the disease is not
of very frequent occurrence among
native cattle, but does occur often
enough to make it important that it
should be better known. A brief his-
ory of an outbreak among the cattle
elonging to Mr. Cooper, of Tallahas-
see, will serve as a type.
[The author, Professor A. W. Bitting,
proceedss to state that Mr. Cooper
noved fourteen cattle from a farm
northwest of Tallahassee, only two
niles, to another south of it. On the
ormer they were all healthy, but on
he new farm all became affected in
.bout a month, and three died.]
All these cattle were examined for
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
A FERTILIZER TO SUIT THE TIMES:
IVanufaetured by Wilson & Toornert, Jaeksonville, Fla.
FOR ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES AND FIELD CROPS.
Ammonia, 4 1-2 to 5 1-2 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent.
Potash Sulphate, 11 to 13 per cent.
from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.
Priloe, $2^.OO per 'Toni, F. 0. B.
We also have a large supply of J. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone,
Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc.
WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT. LARGE STOCK, LOW PRICES.
WILNSON1T & T OOMER,
THE FERTILIZER HOUSE OF I=LORIDA.
ticks, and all found to have them in
greater or less numbers. Most of
them were very young, showing that
they had been there but a short time.
The cattle that had been on the farm
,continuously were badly infected. As
the Bureau of Animal Industry has
represented the tick to be an impor-
tant factor in conveying the disease,
this would seem to lend proof to their
As an example of the disease oc-
curring in imported stock, a carload
of milk cows were brought from the
North to Titusville and all died in a
few weeks. Many similar ventures
have resulted in a similar manner.
Many immigrants bring cows- with
them, and these can attest to the fact
that few survive.
There are good breeders of cattle
south of the Southern fever line, and
to those who wish to purchase stock
to improve the common grade, our
advice would be to buy from them.
The risks of importation from the
North are large. In addition to lia-
bility to contracting Southern Cattle
Fever, the northern cow is not always
easy to acclimate.-Fla. Ex. Station
Oysters in the South.
The writer has made a careful sur-
vey of the oyster grounds of the South
and finds the industry rapidly devel
oping but greatly in need of proper
legislation, although the States are be-
ginning to see the need and import-
ance of such legislation and to give it
their consideration. Virginia and
North Carolina are rigidly enforcing
their oyster laws, and Georgia has
taken steps towards protecting her
beds and those who cultivate them.
Still there are certain restrictions .yet
to be placed. Dr. Oemler of Wil-
mington Island, Ga., who cultivates
the oyster to quite an extent, wisely
conceived the importance of the in-.
dustry, and the present law is due to
him in a very great measure. South
Carolina has also taken measures for
furthering the interest of her oyster
industry. The fact is, this great in-
dustry i.s moving South as is attested
by the thousands of barrels of oysters
received from that section in the New
York, Eastern and Western markets.
The canning branch of the business is
also drifting to the coasts of the South
Atlantic and the Gulf States, and
many large factories are located along
the coasts of North Carolina, Florida,
Alabama and Mississippi. It has been
said by Northern oystermen that the
Southern oyster could not compare
with the New York or Chesapeake
oyster, but we have eaten both, and
can truthfully say that we have found
oysters in some sections of the South
fully equal to the Northern article.
In some sections of the South, how-
ever, they are not so good; for exam-
ple, at Pensacola, Fla., though plenti-
ful. they do not open up well, are
rather salt, without flavor, and have a
dark look and black gills. .
For Florida: Fernandina is a good
location, for the oysters are plentiful,
the territory large and the shipping
facilities particularly good; then comes
Daytona, or New Smyrna at the
mouth of Mosquito Inlet, where we
find the same conditions as in Chesa-
peake Bay, being especially adapted
to the growing of the oyster. There
is a good supply at the Inlet of the In-
dian River, but they are not so good,
being very like those of Pensacola
Still further south along the coast to
Miami we find a plentiful supply, but
lack of good transportation facilities
puts them out of reach of the markets
of the country. In time, however,
this will be a great place for this in-
dustry for there is a plentiful supply
of the raw stock and everything is
suited for growing. At Key West a
few oysters are taken but the business
does not amount to much. Along the
Gulf coast they are very abundant and
are taken in large quantities, but new
and apparently inexhaustible beds are
constantly being discovered. This
section would be a veritable gold
mine if it were not so remote from
the great markets.. From Key West
to Punta Rassa there is every evidence
of great quantities of oysters; from
Punta Rassa to Cedar Keys the in-
dustry is carried on to a greater ex-,
tent; and we had the pleasure of eat-
ing some very fine specimens of this
succulent bivalve along the coast ad-
jacent to the Manatee, Crystal and
Suwannee Rivers. Transportation
lines are opening up this country, but
at present Cedar Keys is the shipping
point. From Cedar Keys to Mobile
Bay oysters are found in the greatest
abundance, and we recommend the
following places for locations: St.
Marks, Apalachicola and a place hear
Mobile.-Secrets of Canning.
A Hog flan Strikes Back.
From the Florida Ruralist,
Sir, I claim a right to answer a
letter, published in your paper, written
by B. Sutten, title of the piece was
"Fence or no Fence," but winds up
with cowardly abuse about the writer
of this piece. He calls me a thing
and speaks in his letter, says is it
not a shame and disgrace that a great
State like Florida, a State with greater
possibilities than any State in the
Union, shall lay at the mercy of a
few men. Yes, Mr. B., I say it is a
shame that we have a few men that
are too lazy to make any fence and
try to farm a little on the commons.
Mr. Editor, did you ever know a man
that was too lazy to fence in a coun-
try where it was law for fence to be
built and stock to be allowed to run
at large ? Whenever a man depends
on a shot gun for his fence, such a
mhan has no neighbors and has not
friends enough to bury him. When
a man will not respect the laws of
the country in which he lives, let the
readers think for themselves. I can
only say, if all men would be gov-
erned by the law the number
would be reduced in our State
and county prisons. The writer
is willing to live under any law that
the majority of the people want. If the
law says shut up my hogs I will do it.
Shall I be denied of the right to raise
hogs, and be abused for same under
the present law? Mr. B. had better
fence, before blowing;.so big. He says
my hogs have damaged him two hun-
dred ($200) dollars a year for several
years;:. I can't tell, for, my life, what
-the hogs done to damage him, for a
man that wills not fence is too lazy to
make anything for hogs to eat. I my-
self have thirty acres under hog proof
fence. Fencing is so easy made where
we have so much good timber.
Mr. Editor, I am not fighting on this
subject either way; I can live either
way, although I think it would be a
great loss to the State at this time to
drive all the stock out of it. I can't,
for my part, see any money only in
stock at the present time; in fact, it is
all the common people have got; take
their stock from them now and it will
bring about starvation all over the land.
We, as a people, are in a bad enough fix
now, but remove the last hope for us
to sustain life, and where will we be ?
I think just now is the wrong. time
to disturb the distressed people of
Florida. Before that law to shut up
stock is passed, we must have some
kind of grass besides wire grass.
There 'aint one family in ten can have
a cow. I say it is easier to write about
all these good things than to have
them. When your fine pasture is to be
fixed it will prove a failure and the
poor has to pay for the whistle as
usual. This law would be of great
benefit to the railroads, they are at the
bottom of it, it will be their gain and
the poor man's loss. Take this privi-
lege from the poor of having stock,
he is gone, he has to work at reduced
wages or starve. The colored ele-
ment can't hardly live now. Take-
their hogs and cattle from them and
where do you place them. It would
be more honorable to kill them out-
right, than to pass a law that would
starve them unjustly. Mr. Editor,
please consider our condition as a
whole State of disheartened people.
If we can live let us- live, and have
our hogs and cattle, and let Mr. B.
fence in his strawberry patch only
about three-quarters of an acre. He
has what he calls a good fence on
one side of his pine forest, one
wire tacked on pine trees and a fewr
stakes runs to the bay. Just read his
letter and think of that, but he was in
hopes his letter would never be over-
taken, but a man never runs long till
he is overtaken. Now, Mr. Editor,
I believe if Mr. B. is a fair specimen
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 359
of all your no fence writers, I am
sorry for them.
PETER K. HEKHEMA.
We know nothing as to the merits
or demerits of Mr. Sutton's fence and
in no way does the dispute affect the
question of the right or justice of the
fence law. Mr. Sutton mentioned no
names in his article but Mr. Hekhema
has tried on the shoe and it seems to fit
him. He is acting entirely within his
legal rights, given him by the legisla-
ture of Florida. No one disputes this.
It is perfectly legal for his hogs to
steal or destroy Mr. Sutton's crop.
Morally, it is just as wrong as if Mr.
S should go to Mr. H's field and
steal any of his crop and take it home
and use it.
Let us remind Mr. H that much of
the biggest stealing of the country is
done in a legal way. The man who
steals a million dollars in Wall street
does it on the same principle, not be-
cause it is right, but because the law
allows him to do it. This is the po-
sition Mr. H places himself in and
we are not surprised that his neighbors
do not feel very kindly towards him.
There is one statement that THE
RURALIST must take exception to and
that is the one that the railroads are
at the bottom of this "no fence" agita-
tion. THE RURALIST began it and
has never had one iota of encourage-
ment in it from any railroad company
or corporation of any kind, and any
statement to the contrary is false.
Mr. H also seems to have the in-
sane idea that a no fence law means
that no one shall have any stock. A
no fence law means that there will be
fewer head, but a single cow or hog,
kept up and fed properly and regular-
ly, is worth a dozen of the scrubs now
existing on the range or what they can
steal. There are plenty of forage
plants successfully and profitably
grown in Florida that are adapted to
stock feeding. Another feature is the
saving of manure. On the range none
of it is saved, while if the stock was
kept enclosed, the manure -saved
would fertilize the pastures.
There is but one county in Florida
that is producing butter in a commer-
cial quantity. That is Leon county,
which is under a no fence law. passed
in i888; this county containing more
good blooded stock than all the rest
of the State put together.
Mr. H's statement about colored
population is humbug, not one family
in ten of the negroes have any stock,
outside of a few chickens.
Mr. J. P. Mace and son Loring, of
Lake Helen, Fla., arrived here on
Thursday last. Mr. Mace is here to
look after the interest of Mr. E. Nel-
son Blake and his own. Mr. Mace
will at once give out the contract for
clearing twenty acres on his recent
purchase on the river opposite the
McGreagor farm, and this is to be
planted in orange grove in the fall.
Mr. Mace is greatly pleased with the
appearance of things in this section.
The State of Florida in 1894 re-
ceived as royalties on phosphates
$12,298.05 and has suits now pending
for the collection of other royalties of
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla.
The present spring has had its ad-
vantages, as well as its disadvantages;
the frequent showers and some heavy
rains have no doubt done consider-
able damage to young chicks that
were not properly housed, or allowed
to run at large, consequently getting
soaked more or less. But those that
were partly fledged and could look
out for themselves the rains have bene-
fitted in this way; by providing a
green pasture for them to forage on.
Last spring things were reversed,
everything dried up, and burnt brown.
No green stuff in sight. Our choice
of the two is the present spring.
Mosquitoes and the insect pests, are
now with us and young chicks will
suffer more or less according to loca-
tion. It would pay to use some re-
pellent insecticide about brooding
coops to keep the bloodsuckers off
and thus prevent them from sapping
the vitality and stunting the growing
chick. We should think crude car-
bolic acid would smell bad enough to
drive any self-respecting skeeter off
the place. S. S. D.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
I thought at one time I would never
bother with an incubator, especially
after reading Mr. Rankin's experience.
Getting up at night would not agree
with my constitution. However I got
the fever, for it is like measles, catch-
ing. My first experience was with a
home-made, hot water one, and it did
very well-twenty-three chicks from
thirty-three eggs-and I raised them
all, healthy and thriving from the
Then I purchased a hot air one. It
is not first-class, so could not expect it
do perfect work, but it does very well,
sixty and seventy per cent of the aver-
age. A'great many chicks die just at
the pipping stage-just why has not
been demonstrated. Some think too
little or too much moisture the cause.
Not less moisture, I think, makes the
most successful hatches. Thirty or
forty out of two hundred egg capacity
seems quite a lot to lose, but in setting
fifteen hens it would be a rarity if
every egg hatched; and when you con-
sider the few moments it takes to at-
tend to a machine, and the annoyance
to mind and body in looking after fif-
teen hens, smashed eggs, vermin, &c.,
give me the incubator every time.
We are having daily- showers, with
resulting dampness. Look out for the
little chicks, and on the first appear-
ance of drooping a few drops of aco-
nite in drinking water will ward off
sore head. A. M. G.
Success in Egg Production.
It does not seem as though it would
be necessary to refer so often to poul-
try for profit to one who, can average
175 eggs a year from each henry ; but
when we look at the average in-this
State which is less than four dozen a
hen while some get 200, it looks'as
though some one was keeping hens at
I will give an experience of mine
POPULAR POULTRY FARM,
Sharps and Imported.. The best blood obtainable in the world. Can furnish Eggs from separate
yards in one order.
An exceedingly fine pen of exhibition birds. Have added fresh blood in the shape of the:best I
could buy from the breeders of the winners at Macon, Columbia, Kansas City and Madison Square
Garden, New York.-
One yard only; headed by a shapely and beautifully plumaged male, the best we could buy
from one of New York's Famous Breeders. Eggs limited.
EGGS, PER SETTING, $2.00. TWO SETTINGS, $3.50.
Owing to the present condition of things in Florida we prepay the express at above prices.
Eggs from the three breeds in one order if you desire A copy of the best Poultry paper published
with each order as long as they last. Have your order booked ahead and avoid delays. Why send
to Jerusalem or Halifax for eggs when as good can be obtained in Florida at less money.
S. S. DeIvAng TOY, PROP.
ASWe guarantee Eggs to arrive in good condition.
with hens for five years. I have lived principally devolve upon her. What
considerably in the woods and know is sent to market, beyond the needs
how fowls and animals live according of the family, should be her pin
to nature. I started on a small farm, money to purchase such things as she
25 acres, with 25 just such hens as does not care to spend money for out
many farmers have-the sort called of the sale of the general products of
dunghills. I got them to laying and the farm, or to ask her husband for
for five years had.eggs every day. things not absolutely required or
I started in the winter with 200 old deemed the necessaries of life.
and young. Found I had more stock The chicken business, as a business
than room-a bad fault, for I had independent of the farm, or where
more trouble in the next four months there is no range without becoming a
than I had in the following four years nuisance to one's neighbors, and
with the four principal diseases of the where the feed has to be all purchased,
hen in captivity-cholera, roup, lice can be made successful in the South
and diarrhea. Here is my prescrip- only by a practical knowledge of the
tion for these troubles-more room, business and conducted on a scale be-
healthy food and at the first sight of yond the abilities and caretaking of
disease, for cholera give one teaspoon- most persons engaged in other pur-
ful of carbolic acid in a gallon water; suits, and had better not be under-
diarrhea, one teaspoonful of tincture taken by parties not willing and able
of Jamaica ginger in a gallon water; to give it more attention than will
for lice, one teaspoonful sulphur in prove profitable if the individual has
four quarts feed or mash; for roup, other occupation.
mix boracic acid with water so it can ,,,
be poured down the throat, give tea-
spoonful and they will be cured. The sale of twenty thousand dollars
As a result of these discoveries I worth of real estate in and near Clear
had fresh eggs every day and supplied Water, within one month, and that for
a line of customers every week in five early improvement, is pretty good
years, besides supplying my best cus evidence that we are in a live and
tomer (myself.) During the two years growing section. Other transfers and
1891 and '92, I don't think I had one preparations for development are
hen that laid fewer than 175 eggs each drawing near, and everything points
year at a cost of 73 cents a hen, the to a state of steady progress.-Clear
price ranging from 12 to 35 cents a Water Press.
dozen. They hatched the last year
97, per cent. of all eggs set; so you see OIfID I ~ T im
it makes me mad when they say hens FUL 4RvlAEA. jlTATl
don't pay and they want protection
against Canada; yet they won't spend Wanted in Exchange for Unencum-
a cent to better their own condition bered
or sell out so some one else can make
a home and do the work, unless he MAAlMH ETTl EOTTAIE LDT]
will pay them four times as much as at $100 Each,
it is worth to them.-H. Hodey, in
Near Station and Bathinfg Beach,
The Wife's Pin floney.
CHAPIN FARM AGENCY,
There is profit in hens to every
farmer where they can forage for their 3-23-tf St. Augustine, Fla.
living around the feed troughs or TFE IMPROVED
manger, gathering up the scattering THE I.T U f
feed of the stock, chasing the grass-
hoppers and other insects, gathering INCUBATOR
their green food from grass and weeds I a bTO:
and taking the scraps and refuse from Atbsoluely elf-ereesatld
the table. Their product should be a]t ndcheapestrsgitchei
the wife's portion, as the care will anU eO.E TE& .,Qu f
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Our Rural Home.
Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS,
St. Thomas, Fla.
[Respectfully Inscribed to Mr. Wm. P. N.]
See the rainbow of peace and of promise,
So gracefully bending above,
Speaking in eloquent silence-
Token of God's present love;
Why should we look for clouds only?
Why should we see but a pall?
How can one cease to remember
God's benison over us all?,
Was ever the tempest so angry,
That after the lightning and rain,
The bow that God set in the heavens
Was looked for by mortals in vain?
Has He ever broken His promise ?
Can infinite mercy e'er fail?
Let this bow of hope be our token-
Let sadness never prevail.
Some days have been sorrowful, lonely,
But the bow of promise shone bright,
And we knew 'twas the hand of God only.
That thus on our dark sky could write;
We'll trust to His guidance forever-
The ravens the prophet once fed,
And God will yet succor His children,
Nor will He give stones for bread.
MINNIE G. MILLS.
St. Thomas, Fla., 1895.
Vines--Their Uses and Abuses.
My neighbors said the vines about
the cottage lured the house flies out to
rest on the leaves and branches, which
was the reason there were so few flies
seen in my house. I had my own the-
ory-that the little frogs and harmless
lizards (though so few showed them-
selves) fattened on the flies. But, per-
haps, both were correct. Of one thing
I am certain, that there are flies "ga-
lore" in the present dwelling, and there
are no vines yet luxuriant enough to
win the pests away from the rooms.
We will see when they (the vines) have
attained the immense size of those I
then had rambling over the cottage,
whether house flies forsake us, or if
they prefer our society. For the first;
time in ten years they have annoyed
us this spring exceedingly.
I had considerable difficulty in con-
vincing one of my neighbors that vines
do not injure the house. In despera-
tion I tore away more than a yard
square of honeysuckle, wistaria, R.
jasiminoides, Madeira vines, etc., on
the north side, and proved beyond dis-
pute that the boards were not only per-
fect beneath their sheltering leaves,
but, if possible, more dry than where
there were no vines. Unless where
large leaves hold water that has no
way of escape, I cannot see how roof
or side wall is in the least injured. I
,prefer the deciduous climbers, mingled
with the evergreens, for obvious rea-
The Chinese wistaria does well
here. The deciduous foliage not
being very dense. I like to have it
growing with evergreen honeysuckles,
particularly lonicera (Hall's or the
French honeysuckle) in every respect
an excellent climber, the loose white-
flowered and fragrant racemes, min-
gled with the lavender hued wistarias,
make a lovely combination. If, then,
the coral bells of -the scarlet-flowered
honeysuckle, before. alluded to are
intermingled in graceful confusion, a
Sbare brown wall is transformed into
something more than a mere house
wall, into what might be, and ought
to be, a little earthly paradise.
I have no experience with the wis-
taria, but can say of the blue or laven-
der colored that nothing daunts it.
Around and upon the roots of the
vine grow a barrel full, presumably, of
banana roots, that I have vainly en-
deavored to remove, but the vine
nourishes; a dozen others, also, grow
in close brotherhood, perfectly uncon-
cerned as to whether we have bananas
or flowers. The long slender wistaria
vines are frequently found coming out
from under the other side of the build-
ing; have seen them a hundred feet
long, and I have begun to utilize some
of them as ropes. Being tough and
flexible I find several uses for them.
More of this another time. Yester-
day I found a young wistaria seedling,
a pretty bushy thing about a foot in
height and immediately transplanted it
to the new home, for which it seems
impossible to get vines enough.
Ampelopsis quinquefolia, known by
several common names, Virginia creep-
er, American ivy, etc., is an excellent
climber for a veranda. The stems and
leaves are handsome enough to. make
one forget that it has a very insignifi-
cant bloom. It clings to the support,
and arranges itself most gracefully, all
the while mounting onward and up-
ward, and presently the vine has spread
itself exactly where you wanted it,
without aid from string or strap. It,
like the wistaria and honeysuckle, may
be grown from cuttings. Many mis-
take Ampelopsis quinquefolia for a
poison vine. Frequently it has been
said: "Oh, you've planted poison oak;
don't touch it;" and I've repeatedly
shown the difference, that this vine is
"five-fingered," while the poison vin'e
has but three leaves growing together.
One can't make a mistake in this; it is
too plain. But to the casual observer
the two climbers bear a strong resem-
blance. This climber is deciduous,
making it desirable where one wants
shade in summer, but sunshine in win-
The bignonias are handsome climb-
ers, whether blooming or not. There
are yellow and white varieties, as well
as the more common crimson; all are
hardy in the South. The beautiful
yellow jessamine (Gelsemium sem-
pervirens) should not be forgotten.
Its shining leaves (evergreen) and
swaying golden bells making it a very
attractive decoration for a veranda;
but it should be remembered that
every portion of the plant is poisonous
-not to handle, but dangerous where
children are liable to eat leaves or
blossoms. I should discard this,
beautiful though it be, if little ones
belonged to the family. The blooms
have a peculiar fascination for them,
in fact, they do look good enough to
eat." I have not advised the planting
of thorny climbers close to the house,
and certainly there are vines in abun-
dance without bringing any poison-
Clematis is too well known to need
description. C. crispa is blooming for
the first time for me, having proven
victorious over the severe winter. Its
blue bells are singular and very love-
ly-the entire vine graceful.
M. G. M.
For Our Rural Home.
Boil together a cupful of corn, one
of oats, one of wheat and one of hops,
in a gallon of water for an hour; then
put all in a stone jar, with one cup of
syrup, sugar or honey. When cold
add three yeast cakes; let it stand
twelve hours, strain off into a jug, and
add cold boiled water to make a gal
Ion. Put the jug into cold water to
keep it cool. The grain can be fed
to the chickens.
Would not these ingredients make
nearer to three gallons, and still be
strong enough "for hard working men
and women?"-ED. 0. R. H.
Mild Summer Drink.
Put in a large pitcher one teacupful
of oat meal, half a teaspoonful of salt,
and fill up with boiling water. Let it
cool; in an hour the water will have a
decidedly milky taste, and be greatly
relished. Some prefer to use cold wa-
ter, and some like to let it stand until
slightly fermented, when the taste is
something like buttermilk.
If strawberry juice is slightly sweet-
ened, boiled and put up in bottles, an
agreeable drink may be prepared by
pouring a glass half full, then filling it
up with cold water. Grape juice, or
any ripe berries, may be used in the
same way. Care should be taken to
strain free from the seeds. A little
lemon juice, or a very small pinch of
tartaric acid, may be added, if the
boiled juice is too sweet.-ED. 0. R. H.
Deafness *Cannot be Cured.
by local applications, as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There is only one way to care Deafness,
and that is by constitutional remedies.
Deafness is caused by an inflamed condi-
.tion of the mucous lining of the Eusta-
chian Tube. When this tube gets inflam-
ed yon have a rumbling sound or im-
perfect hearing, and when it is entirely
closed Deafnes is the result, and unless
the inflammation can be taken out and
this tube restored to its normal condition
hearing will be destroyed forever ; nine
cases out of ten are caused by catarrh,
which is nothing but an inflamed condi-
tion of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for
any case of Deafness (caused by Catarrh)
that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh
Cure. Send for circulars, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
S@ Sold by Druggists, 75c.
SUMMER SALAD :
One-half small head cabbage,
Two heads crisp lettuce,
Salt, black pepper and cayenne to taste.
Chop all together, and cover with the
following mayonnaise.-A. M.
One fresh egg,
Two tablespoons olive oil (or melted
One and a half tablespoons mustard,
Three tablespoons salt,
A little pepper,
Two tablespoons vinegar.
Mix the oil with the yolk gradually,
slowly add the other ingredients, stirring
in last the white of the egg, beaten to a
A DELEGATE STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE :
Bake a sponge cake in a dripping pan
one inch thick. While still warm, cover
with a thick layer of ripe strawberries,
sprinkle with sugar, and cover the whole
with a layer of frosting (as for lemon pie)
half or three-quarters of an inch thick;
ornament the top with a few whole ber-
ries. Return to the oven to brown deli-
cately. Cut in oblong pieces and send
around thin cream after it, if not moist
PICKLED STRING BEANS: These are
much relished during the fall and winter.
Remove the hard ends and strings from
whole beans; boil in salted water till
they can be pierced with a fork, but are
not too tender. Take out into glass cans,
fill up while hot with boiling vinegar and
seal. Spices can be added, if liked. Seal-
ing secures them against fermentation
during the hot weather when there is so
much trouble about pickles working. Put
up in this way, the housewife can rest se-
cure during the season when any addi-
tional care is too great a burden.
VEGETABLE SALAD :
One pint string beans,
Three or four new beets,
One celery head,
Salt, pepper and vinegar to taste.
Boil the beans, beets and carrot tender;
slice the ingredients and pour over the
Six ears green corn (grated),
. One egg,
One tablespoonful flour,
One tablespoonful sweet milk,
Pepper and salt to taste.
Drop small spoonfuls into the frying
pan containing a little hot butter and lard,
and cook delicately.
To CAIN SWEET CORN: Shave from the
cob carefully with a sharp knife and
scrape a little. Add one tablespoon white
sugar to each quart. Fill your cans, put
on the covers, but don't seal; place in
I f imitation
Insist on Itrade marks
AIMP HAIAER SOPA
Costs no more than inferior package soda-
never spoils the flour, keeps soft, and is uni.
versally acknowledged purest in the world.
Made only by CHURCH & CO., New York.
Sold by grocers everywhere.
Write for Arm and Hammer Book of valuable Reoipes--FREE.
NIS ..g.a ... .... ...........,,,,,
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
your wash boiler with a thick folded cloth
under them, and pour in enough cold
water to come up to the neck of the cans,
putting weights on to hold them down ;
heat up gradually and boil two and a half
hours. Remove, one at a time, fill full
with boiling water, if heeded, and seal.
When wanted for use, season and warm,
but don't let it boil.-Mrs. C. E. Allen.
TOMATO AND CUCUMBER SALAD:
Six fresh tomatoes,
One head celery,
Two hard-boiled eggs.
Slice thin, and place by layers in a salad
bowl, omitting the onion if not liked; add
a dash of cayenne pepper, salt to taste,
and vinegar,-A. Mann.
VEAL AND VEGETABLE STEW:
Two pounds lean veal,
Three pints green peas,
A few potatoes,
A few carrots, if liked.
Boil the veal till tender,-or about two
hours; then add the potatoes and carrots
(the latter previously boiled in water by
themselves and skimmed out), season
with salt, pepper and butter to taste and
chicken with flour like gravy.-A. M.
PICKLED CAULIFLOWER: Select close
white bunches, let stand, bead down-
ward, in salt water two hours to remove
any insects; cut into small clusters and
boil five minutes in salted water. Have
ready spiced vinegar scalding hot, made
One gallon vinegar,
One cup white sugar,
A dozen blades of mace,
Two dozen white pepper-corns,
One tablespoon celery seed,
One tablespoon coriander seed,
One tablespoon mustard,
Some bits of red pepper pods,
Put the boiling hot cauliflowers into
glass jars, fill with the scalding vinegar'
TE KEEP EGGS: A lady who claims to
have had twenty years' success offers
this recipe in the -'Ohio Farmer," for
keeping eggs: Take good fresh eggs and
rub them over with melted lard; thus
closing the pores in the shell. Then put
a layer of oats or bran in a box and a
layer of eggs, setting them on the end
and not allowing them to touch each
other, separating them by oats or bran.
In this way fill the box and the eggs will.
A Great Stayer.
As competition increases it becomes
harder and harder for the business man
to succeed, and in recognition of this
fact, the public is often informed that
this or that thing has "come to stay."
A strong purpose is good, but doing the
thing is even better. One of the greatest
stayers we know of is Pain-Killer, the
advertisements of which we are printing
elsewhere. This famous old family
remedy has stayed in the homes of the
country 55 years, and is to-day more
-popular than ever. This one fact proves
its value, and makes argument unnecces-
sary. It only remains for the proprietors
(as they are now doing) to remind each
coming generation that for over half- a
century Pain-Killer has been recognized
as the haindiest, surest and cheapest cure
for the common ills of humanity, and
that a bottle on their shelf will sooner
or later save them trouble and suffering
Improved Service of Railway Com-
panies. Now Give Us the Re-
For the improved service of the rail-
way companies in shortening time of
transportation of perishable goods
there is due appreciation by the vege-
table and fruit shippers. But they
still have somewhat against these same
transportation companies in the still
exorbitant, although somewhat re-
duced rates of carriage. It but re-
quires a pro rata of carriage between
Florida and New York, and the West
enjoyed by California to quardruple
the product of the winter gardens of
Florida, enabling the growers to put
their crops into Northern markets at
a price that would quadruple the de-
mand. It was a great thing for the
companies to make an $80 rate per
car for watermelons to the East and
West, but compare it with refrigerator
fruit car service from California to
Chicago and New York two to three
times the distance and at compara-
tively increased cost. for cooling the
"Arrangements recently made be-
tween P. D. Armour of Chicago, and
the Southern Pacific railway will serve
to reduce the rate from Sacramento to
Chicago $90 per car against the
old rate of 125. The new rate to
New York is 130 and the old 175,
to Boston and New Orleans 140
against 200, and to Louisville 115
against 150. Corresponding reduc-
tions have been made all along the
line from various primary points
to eastern markets. The new cars are
of the latest pattern and combine the
principles of both refrigerator and ven-
tilated cars. As much of the fruit is
shipped over the first few hundred
miles of road at night when the cool
air is beneficial to the fruit, advantage
will be taken of this and Truckee
made the first icing point. This will
make a saving in the item of ice of
$15 to $30 per car."
With a pro rata per mile for the
transportation of Florida products, no
State would possess greater induce-
ments to the emigrant, and vegetables
would be almost as common on the
Northern markets in winter as the
summer, and within the reach of all.'
H HAM MAR Costs LESS than "Cheap" Paint or S. P. White Lead.
] I Write for Book on Painting and Color Card, FREE. If
EE  B not on sale in your town we will quote price delivered,
&  H freight prepaid, and send written guarantee for five years.
P MA I i U H F. HAM MAR PAINT CO. SPRUCE ST., ST. LOUIS, MO.
EVAPORATE YOUR FRUIT
U. S. Cook Stove Drier.
liundrtds of Dollars Worth
of Frit Can be Saved
with this achin8
To meet the demand for a Small, Cheap,
Drier, suitable for use on any Ordinary Cook,
Oil or Gasoline Stove, we now offer the
above. It is very Simple, Ecoioinmical, Effi-
cient and Convenient, and for Farmers' Use
Just What is Wanted, aind we believe The
Cheapest and Best I,ittle Dryer of its class on
$8.50 IN VALUE FOR $5.00
Through a special arrangement we are enabled to offer the U. S. COOK STOVE DRIER, the
regular price of which is $7, for only $5, together wtih a YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION TO THE
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, regular price $2.oo. '
To any one sending a Club of 6 Yearly Subscibers to the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER at
$2 each or 4 Subscribers and $2 in Money, we will send one of the Driers Free. ..
Subscribers in a club who wish to take advantage of a"y book premiums or others offered to
subscribers count the same as those taking the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER only.
Mr. Thomas Millen of Glen St. Mary, Fla,, has used this Drier and writes: "It does good work
for the cost of it." .. ,
Don't Put a TrSin in Char 8. ThisDrier has eight Galvanized Wire Cloth
Put a I I ITrays containing 12 square feet of tray surface.
If obliged to employ one, give him a posi- The dimensions, base 22X16 inches, height 26
tion where it wil not harm you If he' goes inches, Sentby freight at receivers expense.
wrong." Many farmers have lost heavily Weight, crated, about 27 pounds.
trying to save money on wages, so also on It is always ready for use and will last a life
wire fences. Soft wire is CHEAP but non- time. Has been thoroughly tested and approved,
olastic. It appearsto work well while you are and will more than please you. As a great
watching It, but when your back is turned it Economizer and Money-maker for Rural people
ves you the slip. It is safer to require re- it is without a rival.
ferences, and the best in the world are fur-
nished by the With it you can at odd times, summer or win-
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mich. ter, evaporate enough wasting fruit. etc., for
PAG family use. and enough to sell or exchange for
all or the greater part of your groceries, and in
ORANGE GROW ERS, fact household expenses. No labor on the farm
^will pay better, or as well, as that of converting
-^ m r T ,T your wasting fruits into evaporated stock. The
SI l" 1' I I1 ( M berries, pears, plums, etc., if evaporated, will sell
A 1. iE I. A 1 J 1| or exchange pound for pound for butter, granu-
.I lated sugar or most groceries, while evaporated
I am able to su ly you with Orange and emon guavas, sweet corn or peaches bring good ri-
am awe tol with Ovri geand s euoa ces If you have only a few trees in your yard or
bud wood of standard varieties, such as town lot, one of the U. S. Cook Stove Driers will
HART'S TARDIFF, enable you at odd hours to evaporate enough
aMAJORCA, fruit for-family use and e-ough to sell or ex-
R UB Y. change for the greater part of your groceries.
CHINA MANfDARIN, Etc.,
At the following prices;
1000, $5.00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 $20.00.
CASH WITH ORDER.
In Lemons. Lisbon, Villa Franca, Eureka, at
Buds delivered without further cost to you and
guaranteed to arrive in fine order. Orders
booked now for June delivery. Address,
C. S. BURGESS,
Reference.-Orange Growers' Bank, Riverside,
Cal. Florida reference given if wanted.
IT IS THE GREATEST LITTLE BREAD
WINNER ON THE MARKET,
Its capacity is ,ample for Domestic use. being
greater than some machines which sell for Fit-
teen or Twenty dollars, i It is always ready for
immediate use. The working of the machine
on sundry fruits, berries, etc., satisfies us that it
will happilyfill a want our correspondents have
urged upon us to supply.
TO TUE LADIES ofthe Household in Town oi
IV l'li Lll Country. It is a little- Gold
Mine. Thousands of careful prudent household
managers, who have no time nor necessity to
engage in evaporating,fruit for market as a.bu-
iness but who have frequent use for just such an
article as this for making smaller quantities of
dried fruit, berries, and vegetables for their.own
use or for sale, will find it the most satisfactory
and profitable investment they could make -A
lady can easily lift it on and off the stove, as it
weighs but about Twenty Pounds. It has inter-
changable galvanized wire cloth trays, which
will not rust or discolor the fruit, etc., and, will
last for years, It is made of iron, except tray
frames and supports. Can be used for broiling
beef steak, fish, etc., using but the lower tray for
Address all orders to
FARMER g FRUIT GROWER,
3**ZrJ w E3 -STEL.-r-a--.jLJ.--...TV -sr'..A.er..
Somers, other & 187.
Commission Bit Pritn
Merchants. Friii s Oian P wati^
Refer to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and he business community of Westerni.Pennsylvania.
Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, slIpping stencils,. stamps, etc., fur-
nished free on application. INQUIRIES AND CORRESPONDEN6E INVITED.
362 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
For One Year ......................... 2.oo
For Six Months........................ 00
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.0
d'Subscriptions in all cases cash in
advance. No discount allowed on one's
own subscription (except in a club), but to
all agents a liberal cash commission will
be allowed on all subscriptions obtained
by them. Write for terms.
To every new subscriber we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden-
ing in Florida." For two new sub-
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange
Rates of advertising on application.
Remittances should be made by check,
postal note, money order or registered
letter to order of
FARtSE AND SFUIT GROWES,
If you receive a copy of this
paper which you did not order,
consider it an invitation to sub-
scribe. If you do not want it,
kindly hand it to a neighbor.
State News ...................................... 354
The Art of Canning; Some Thoughts About
the Orange Trees........................ 355
Preserving Fruit in Borax; Thousands of
Pineapple Plants; Letter From Lee
County ...... ........... .................. .356
Canaiere; Cowpeas for Green Manure; Mag-
nificent Grape Crop; Southern Cattle
Fever........................ ........... 357
Oysters in the South; A Hog Man Strikes
POULTRY--Incubators; Success in Egg Pro-
duction; The Wife's Pin Money.......... 359
OuR RuRAL HoME-The Rainbow; Vines--
Their Uses and Abuses; A Summer
Drink; Recipes.......................... 360
A Great Stayer; Improved Service on Rail-
ways.................................. ... 361
EDITORIAL-A Surplus of Silver; The Voioe
, of Shimei; The State Press.............. 362
Markets; Irrigation.......................... 36
More Squeezes; Decortication of Ramie; Re-
cuperation; Natural Fertilizer Factory;
The Second Frost in the North.......... 364
Weather and Crops .... ............... 363
Crimson Clover; The Georgia Colony; Will
Potatoes Sprout from Pieces Without
Eyes? Free Fertilizer.................... 366
Weather in Jacksonville.
Week Ending June 3, 1895
DATE. 0 O, c- i
May28 .....74 77 87 71 i6 79 .o
May29..........75 77 86 71 15 78 .0
May30.......... 78 77 88 72 16 8o .o
May3i .......... 76 79 90 70 20 8o .o
June I......... 76 S 93 7 22 82 .
June 2 ........77 8 92 73 19 82 .o
June 3.............79 81 92 72 20 82 .o
Mean ........76 79 90 71 i8 8o *.o
A. J. MITCHELL, Observer.
The farmers of Russell county, Ala-
bama, just across the river from Co-
lumbus, are having the unusual expe-
rience of gathering hundreds of bush-
els of seed from the common swamp
cane, arundinaria macrosperma. Pro-
fessor L. A. Sayre, a distinguished bot-
anist, says arundinaria testa, a related
species, blooms only after-a develop-
ment of ten to thirty years, and he
adds: "'It is probable the plant you
have hete fruiting is one that has very
long intervals of development; possi-
bly as much as thirty years elapses be-
fore it flowers and fruits. If this be
the case, its. utility as. a plant for eco-
nomic purposes may be doubtful."
A Surplus of Silver.
We thoroughly agree with the
Manatee River Journal when it says :
We hear a great deal in this day
from private individuals advising the
coinage and circulation of a great
amount of silver money; we also hear
a great deal from the highest officials
of the government who are most likely
to be best informed denouncing this
policy as certain to be detrimental.
The attention of those who believe
that there is not at present sufficient
silver money in the country has been
lately called to a fact extremely con-
tradictory to their recently expressed
The government has bought silver
in time past and coined therefrom
422,000,000 silver dollars. After the
usual efforts to bring them into circu-
lation the people have refused to ac-
cept of this inconvenient form of
money but $54,000,000, leaving in the
treasury of the United States 368,000,-
ooo silver dollars which the people
will not use. If this money were piled
up in stacks eight feet long, four feet
high and four feet across, it would
make 1,027 cords. Add to this suffi-
cient uncoined silver in the vaults to
make 178,000,000 more silver dollars,
and you have 1,527 cords of silver
money, which the people cannot be in-
duced to use. Does this country
need more silver money ?
This vast amount was gathered to
satisfy men who believed the people
required more mohey to do business.
The Voice of Shimei.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
I note what Mr. Howard of Sor-
rento has to say in your paper. The
meaning and the size of it is that this.
country and this world were made for
"myself, my wife," &c., us four and
no more. There's another one of
those poor little fellows who in spirit
presided in the days of "the inquisi-
tion." I bet a nickel he voted the
Democratic (?) ticket last year and
will do so for the balance of his life.
He can't bear to hear the truth-let-
ters and reports must be just "so"-
like an orthodox (!) sermon. He
would probably resist any scheme or
proposition that he did not hatch, no
matter what the cost.
gBut, never mind, the "mills of the
gods" will not stop when they strike
Mr. H. Just the same the truth re-
mains as stated in a recent letter of
mine that you have refused to pub.
lish. Florida is a back number and
it is best that people should realize it
and prepare for the worst.
Of course matters would not be so
bad if we had a government-one that
would foster and protect labor and
production only so much as it does
capital. Had Florida in the past been
enjoying freight rates that others have
had, our people might have been in
the financial condition that you seem
to think Messrs A. H. P. and H. and
no doubt a few others are; but had all
been as successful, it stands undis-
puted then that none would have had
anything. Of several thousand
growers you can only think of four
that have saved up something to tide
them over. Now suppose we have a
full report. Are you and Mr. -H.
willing-No, sir. I answer for you. cursed, Come out, come out, thou
But it will come, "truth crushed to bloody man and thou man of
earth," &c. You can't crush the Belial.
spirit of a man who knows he is "Then said Abishai the son of
wronged, especially this particular Zeruiah unto the king: Why should
one. Justice will finally be done. this dead dog curse my lord, the
I have not been idle these twenty- king? Let me go over, I pray thee,
eight years. All know me, and of and take off his head.
my life and labors. While fruit "And the king said: What have I
growing has been my speciality I have to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah?
followed nearly a dozen avocations So let him curse because the Lord
besides, and I think in most persuits hath said unto him: Curse David.
have had more than the average suc Who shall then say: Wherefore hast
cess. No one ever accused me of dis- thou done so ?
honesty or of ever deserting the cause "And David said to Abishai and to
of humanity-the religion of Jesus all his servants: Behold, my son,
or the Democracy of Jefferson. which came forth of my bowels, seek-
The letter which you so recently eth my life; how much more now
squelched was a lick in defense of may this Benjamite do it ? Let him
justice, in defense of labor, in opposi- alone and let him curse; for the Lord
tion to wrong and robbery; it was hath bidden him.
calculated to right those wrongs which "It may be that the Lord will look
sooner or later will result in some- on mine affliction, and that the Lord
thing worse than a thousand freezes, will requite me good for his cursing
Suppress, yes, crush, imprison, hang this day.
the reformer and enslave the con- "And as David and his men went
former, for the King can do no by the way, Shimei went along on the
wrong. The Pope is infallible. We hill's side over against him and cursed
four and no more is the idea! as he went and threw stones at him
WM. P. NEELD. and cast dust.
P. S.-It is hard to let up on this "And the king and all the people
theme. No man is ignorant enough that were with him came weary, and
not to know or knavish enough not refreshed themselves there."
to admit-"behind the curtains"- The State Press.
but that the people are robbed by The country papers are often looked
corporate and trust powers, but how upon as the weaker vessel, but they
many papers ever say anything about are standing this "storm and stress
it? Why has there been not one period" better than the banks. The
word of complaint in your columns Cocoa Public Spirit, The Belleview
of this most heinous of all previous Blade, and perhaps one or two others
wrongs-this taking of all the vege- which we do not now recall, have dis-
ble crop by the transportation or ex- appeared from our exchange table.
press company ? "You can't mend, But it may be said, without any dis-
pacify or squelch the men who have paragement to their projectors, that
so long suffered these depredations. these journals were premature and had
No, sir, it is a lie to publish to the not a sufficient backing of population
world the "rose tinted" letters of to justify the venture.
some who have been admitted. No Clay County felt the cold weather
Florida man can blow away with a severely, on account of its Northern
little gas the stubborn, solid, rocky position, but the Green Cove Spring
facts that an active life has dug up inaugurates the summer dull season
and stored away for near thirty years. with a supplement full of good -read-
I, probably, am as much disgusted ing. It says, with a modest compla-
with some presentments of the situa- cency which is entirely justifiable: "It
tion as Mr. H. possibly could be of is a-little out of the usual for a news-
anything that I could say. But why paper to contain as large a percent-
does a man flinch? It must pinch age of reading matter as this morn-
him. If one has no personal ends-if ing's issue of the Spring does. Of
my statement does not apply to any the thirty-six columns thirty are read-
one, then no one is hurt. I speak for ing matter-good, bad and indiffer-
no one else. Even you, Mr. Editor, ent. We are not complaining, but
have recently said that the "fools were the paper could do a better service if
not all dead," and that consequently it had a better advertising patronage.
the orange business would still go on it is not for us to say whether it de-
and the four million boxes would soon serves it."
be back, or words to that effect. Stick The Citrus County Chronicle was
to it, fight it out on that line, if that is burned out a few days ago, but, noth
your opinion. I hate a coward or a ing daunted, it came out on_schedule
liar. WM. P. NEELD. time, having been printed at one of
Probably we can do no better than the Ocala offices. We congratulate
to quote the Scriptures to Brother our neighbors on their good fortune
Neeld: in having a bank account sufficient to
"And when King David came to replace its plant at once.
Bahurim, behold, thence came out a The Fort Myers Press offers its es-
man of the house of Saul, whose tablishment for sale, together with lot
name was Shimei, the son of Gera; and office. Yet in the local column
he came forth and cursed still as he it says: "Still another quire is added
came. this week to our subscription list.
"And he cast stones at David and Ah, there is nothing to equal the pros-
at all the servants of king David; perity of a newspaper printed within
and all the people and all the mighty the sacred walls of the Temple of
men were on his right hand and on Truth. Its friends are legion and its
his left. path the path of peace. Come and
"And thus said Shimei when he jine."
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 363
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 7.
FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
Corrected by Marx Bros.
These are average quotations. Extra choice
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
lots sell lower.
English Peas bu..... .......... i.6o
Coweas, Clay, bu........ ......... 1.25
Red Ripper................. 1.25
Black Eye .................. 2.00
Cocoanuts.... ........................ 3.50
Peanuts, best brand...................03% to.o4%
Cabbage, bbl ................... .. 5o to 2.00
Pineapples, each .................... o.06 to .o8
Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks ............... 2.50
sack, ...................... ... 2.40
new, bbl.. ................. 2.50
Onions, Egyptian, 2 bu. sack ......... 2,25
Eggs.........--..........--- .... .12
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
Yellow Yams, bush ................... 75
Sweet Potatoes ....... ................ .75
Hubbard squash, bbl., none........... .50 to 2 25
Lettuce, doz., plentiful at.......... to 15
Celery none, ........... ..........
Egg Plants, bbl.................. ... 3.00
Tomatoes, crates ................2.00 to 2.50
Sweet Pepper, bu ...................... 2.50 to 3.00
Okra, bu, ..... ...................2.50 to 3.00
Green Beans, no demand.........
Peas, poor demand..............75 to I.oo
Turnips, bunch ....................03 to .04
Cucumbers, crate....................... 25 to .go
Pumpkins, each.......................o. to .15
Kershaws, each ... .... ........... o to .15
Parsley, per doz. bunches ............ .20
Carrots, Fla., per doz. bunches........ .20 to .25
Green onions, per doz. bunches....... .15 to .20
Pepper, hot, bushel, none............. 150 to 2.00
Sage, well cured, Ib..................... ioto. 15
Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none ...... .
Hens........ -..-........-- ...... 3oto .35
Roosters .... .............. -- .-25
Broilers ............................ 15 to .25
Turkeys, per pound, gross.......-. .12 to .14
Ducks..................-- ........... .25 to 30
Geese. poor demand ................
New Beets, per oo.....................25 to .50
Water Cress, per doz ...................... 25
Cauliflower doz ............. .... 75 to 2.00
New Potatoes, bbl................ 2.00 to 3.00
Florida Cabbage, each .... ......... 6 to 12
Strawberries, qt..... ..... .......o08 to .10
Asparagus, Fla. per ioo ......................
Blackberries, qt ................... .04 to 08
Melons, in demand..................
Canteloupes,bbl...................... 3.00 to 4.00
Plun.s. bus.... ...................... i.oO to 1.50
New York Market.
Oranges are in poor demand. Sicily
ranging at 2.25 to 2.75 box; Jamaica re-
packed barrels 5.00 to 6.00; Havana, orig-
inal 3.00 to 3.50. Pines are in heavier re-
ceipt though choice moves well; the range
is from 3.00 to 12.00 per hundred.
Berries-Receipts of strawberries since
Monday have included 57,059 crates
by Pennsylvania railroad and 4,000 crates
by Old Dominion steamers. The large
offerings have met a good demand when in
good condition and prices have improved
slightly toward the close. Monday ber-
ries were mostly in poor order and sold
from 4 to 6c, very poor lower and prime
7 to 9c rarely a shade higher.
Melons-Muskmelons have appeared
from Florida in small quantities and have
sold promptly when ripe, but many green
and such neglected. Only a few water-
melons in as yet and no values estab-
Imports for the week: Bermuda 1,647
New potatoes have continued to arrive
freely and while there has been a good
demand, prices have eased off as the sup-
ply has increased, and market closes
barely steady on a basis of 3.00 and 3.50
for prime Southern though a few extra
fancy marks still reach 3.75 and 4.00
while seconds range from 2.00 and 2.50
per bbl. North Carolina shipments will
probably commence next week. Ber-
muda have declined with Southern and
5.00 is extreme for best marks with un-
der grades lower in proportion. Old po-
tatoes have come in a little more freely
and with a slow demand market closes
weak and lower on all grades.
Receipts of Southern vegetables for the
week include the following: Penn. Rail-
road 22,392 crates beans, 5,587 peas,
12,609 cabbage, 12,259 cucumbers 10,000
various; Old Dominion line 20,700 cab-
bage, and 14,100 peas; Savannah line
Imports for the week Bermuda 42,515
crates onions, and 802 crates other vege-
tables. Liverpool 4,106 bags Egyptian
Cucumbers have met a very fair de-
mand when fancy, but poor move slowly;
most Florida are below prime and not
worth over freight.
Onions-Bermuda are held with confi-
dence, as few more are expected to come
forward, and holders are not urging sales.
Egyptian are firm at 1.80 to 1.90, some
sales up to 2.00 per bag.
Squash in fair supply and dragging
heavily at lower figures.
String Beans-The heavy offerings have
kept prices low, but choice have met a
very good demand. Charleston have sold
largely at 75c to 1.00, some poor lower,
and a few fancy wax higher. Georgia not
very good as a rule, and 40 to 60c covers
general sales, afew of the best wax higher.
Tomatoes-Arrivals have been much
larger, and the market has steadily de-
clined until at the close, fancy ripe offer-
ing at 2.25 to 2.50, and green and poor
range from 1.00 to 2.00 per carrier.
Beets, L, I & J'y, per 100 bchs, 4.00 to
6.00; Fla., tops off, per crate, 75c to 1.25;
Say., tops off, per crate, 1.00 to 1.50; Ch'n
per 100 bunches, 1.50 to 3.50. Cucum-
bers, Ch'n, per bskt 1.00 to 1.50; Say. per
bskt 75c to 1.25; Fla., per crate, .50c to
75c; Fla., per bskt, 50c to 1.00. Squash,
s'n white small per crate 25c to 50c; c'k-
neck per small crate, 25c to 75c; s'n mar-
row per bbl crate, 1.00 to 2.00; s'n white,
per bbl crate, 1.00 to String beans,
Ch'n wax, per bskt, 75c to 1.25; Ch'n
green, 75c to 1.00; Ga. wax, per crate .50
to 1.00; Ga. green, per crate, 40c to 75c.
Tomatoes, Fla., fancy ripe,per carrier, 2.25
to 2.50; Fla. p'r to g'd, per carrier, 1.00 to
Pineapples, extra large, per 100, 14.00
to 16.00; large, per 100, 11.00 to 12.00;
medium, 10.00 to 11.00; small, 5.00 to 6.00.
Cocoanuts, per 100, 3.00 to 3.50. Potatoes,
Bermuda Chili, 5.00 to 5.50; Rose, 4.75 to
5.00; Triumph, 3.50 to 4.00; Peerless, 3.50
to 3.75. Cabbage, Charleston, crates,
2.00 to 2.25; Norfolk, barrels and crates,
1.50 to 2.00. Tomatoes, per 6-basket car-
rier, 4.00 to 4.50. Cucumbers, ex fancy,
hot-house, doz., 50 to 60; good ordinary,
hot-house, 80 to 35; Southern, per bu.,
1.50 to 1.75; per I bushel basket, 75 to
SOMERS BRO. & Co.
ST. Louis, June 3. Oranges-Firm.
California-Naval, fancy, 3.50 to 3 75;
choice, 2.75 to 3.25; sedlings, 2.00 to 2.50.
Lemons-Firm. Messina, fair, 3.50 to
4.00 per box; fancy, 4.25 to 4.50; Califor-
nia, 3.00 to 3.25.
Pineapples-Florida, 4.00 to 5.00 per
crate and 1.50 to 2.25 per dozen; damaged
Peaches-Florida, 1.00 to 1.25 per J bu.
Cabbage-Dull. Mobile, 1.25 to 1.50
Sweet Potatoes-Nansemond, 2.75 to
3.00 per barrel, on orders; Bermuda, 2.25.
New Potatoes-Southern 2.00 to 2.50
per barrel, 85 to 90c per sack, and 80 to
85c per bushel.
Cucumbers Florida, 40 to 50c per.
bushel box; Louisiana, 1.00 to 1.50 per
barrel, and 50c per crate.
Tomatoes-Florida, 2.50 to 3.00 per 6-
basket crate; green less.
The first peaches of the season here
were received by P. M. Kiely & Co. last
Thursday. They were grown and ship-
ped by I. N. Barron of Tyler, Texas. The
fruit was unusually fine and large for
first receipts, came in peck boxes and
sold at the fancy figures of 2.50 per box.
The very latest from Georgia relating
to melons is to the effect that the first
car of melons from the State will go out
from June 10th to the 12th and that
shipping in earnest will begin seven to
ten days later to the leading markets. A
letter from Quitman, Ga., says that
Brooks County shipped lastyear 500 cars,
will ship 600 to 700 cars this year, all of
which indicates a good big crop in Geor-
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA,
The Oldest National Bank in the State.
This Bank, after twenty years of successful business, has just undergone a rigid special exami-
nation by the United States Comptroller's Department, and has had its charter extended for an
other period of twenty years
By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.
We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
DAVIDSON & CO.,
HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS.
ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYiVEGETABLES OF ALL KINDS
No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
ORANGE AN LEMON TREES,
AT LESS THAN OUR OLD PRICES FOR
FLORIDA GROWN SSTOOCK.
Choice 2 year old Buds on 4 year old Sweet Roots. Homosassa and Jaffa Orange and Lisbon
Lemons at 50 cents each
Strong one year old Tangerine, Malta and Ruby Blood, Tardiffand Mediterranean Sweets and
Satsumas on 3 year old Sour roots at 40 cents each. Villa Pranca, Lisbon and Eureka Lemon same
price. I have samples in my yard and they are
STRICTLY FIRST CLASS AND WELL GROWN.
Send me your orders at once so as to get trees in time for the coming rainy season. 25 per cent
in advance, balance on receipt of trees
gia this season.
California cherry dealers and receivers
have been in hard luck. Considerable
of the offerings were in such bad condi-
tion that they didn't look good enough
to bring the freight and many of the-m
didn't. Even the best of them went at
very low figures. The big local crop has
been a factor in the market, and it's al-
ready clear that California fruits won't
find here such a profitable and inviting
field as they did in the past three years.
The outlook for the Californians at this
time is far from encouraging.
P. M. KIELY.
Does it pay? What is the best and
worst that can be said of it? Will it
pay to put in an irrigating plant for
an orange grove or a vegetable gar-
den ? How many acres and what
kind of products will justify the ex
penditure for a plant? What is the
lifetime of. a plant ? How long will
iron pipe be serviceable in southern
sand? What are established results
as to increase of fruit; of vegetables?
of the quality of fruit; of vegetables?
Does the increase in quantity or qual-
ity pay 6 per cent on the investment
and working of a plant? Would those
who have spent $2,000, $5,000, $10,-
ooo or $50,000 in a plant for an or-
ange grove or other Florida product
repeat the venture in the light of their
present experience ? Would not ad-
vanced methods of fertilizing and cul-
tivating the orange, without irrigation,
in Florida give more net cash at the
end of five or ten years than with ir-
rigation, less the cost and maintenance
of an irrigating plant? Is the quality
of the orange improved or damaged
by the free use of water ?
C. A. uBOO3 NE, Agt.,
Eugene B. Rejeld.
REDFIELD & SON,
141 Dock Street, Phivadelphia, Pa.
We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
either at private sale (which has heretofore been
our custom) or by the auction system (recently
added to our business) as you may desire.
Write for Catalogue and price list.
JENNINGS' NURSERY GO.,
In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
etables shipped to us is our motto. WE
GIVE GOODS SENT U. BY GROWERS
FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE EVER
BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
by our 40 years experience without default-
ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing
and financial stability which any bank or
merchants having mercantile reports can
verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR
METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
your name for our quotations. Stencil and
cards fre. Letters promptly answered.
FRENCH & CO.,
116 Warren St,, New York.
.. .. .. .. ^AAA. ..
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND PRUIT-GROWER.
364 THE FLORIDA FAEMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.'
From the Florida Ruralist.
The Big 4 squeeze the cattle men
who grow the steers, in one direction,
and the butcher in another, and the
butcher in turn squeezes the market
man, and the market man the board-
ing-house keeper. The farmer gets
fifty cents to a dollar more for his
beeves, and the man who goes to mar-
ket has to pay 25 to 50 per cent more
for his steaks. The bars have been let
down, and the Mexican beef cattle are
coming in, and it would be a good
time to take off the 20 per cent duty
on cattle till a reasonable price shall,
be charged for beef.
Coal oil has gone up four to six
cents per gallon to the consumer, and
that means that ten millions more to
Rockafeller, who will probably put an-
other million into the Chicago Univer-
sity, and then be will make a friend of
the mammon of unrighteousness.
Searles, who got the Widow Hop-
kins' millions, with Havemyer, Col.
Brice, of New York-Ohio, etal., caught
Congress by the throat and laid a tax
of ten to twenty millions on the sixty-
five millions of consumers of sugar.
The three great necessaries of life
are held in the grasp of a dozen men,
while the millions suffer. The Univer-
salist who did not believe in a hell, but
believed there ought to be one, will
have a good many sympathizers; at
least, in the necessity of an adjustment
of the affairs of this little world, where
the gift of millions of dollars to religion
or benevolence, wrenched from the
suffering millions, will not purchase
immunity from punishment.
Decortication of Ramie.
The question of machinery for the
economical decortication of ramie
seems to be on the eve of accomplish-
ment. Up to the present time that
has been the only obstacle in the pro-
fitable culture of the plant in the
South. Mr. S. B. Allison, of New
Orleans, in the "Farm and Ranch,"
after describing the process of decor-
tication of the dry article, thus con-
"While this machine that was on
public trial was built for the special
decortication of dry ramie, I have a
later improved machine, which I have
patents for, that was built for the de-
cortication of green ramie,with or with-
out leaves, and will decorticate about
1,500 pounds of stems per hour, and
can be run, including fuel and labor
for less than $io per day, making 1500
pounds per hour, which gives us 15,-
0oo pounds in ten. This will yield us
1,500 to 1,700 pounds of dry ramie
bark which will yield from 48 to 53
per cent. in clean bleached fibre as
"The herds or woody portions of
the stems make about 50 per cent. of
the fuel used to run the machine, and
the ashes are used for cleaning the
fiber, and the by-products such as the
gum is converted into a commercial
soap or utilized as a fertilizer.
"The woody portions instead of be-
ing used as a fuel can be taken with
the leaves and converted into a paper
pulp, which the French government
are paying manufacturers 50 cents per
Every year some new development
is opening the possibilities of the South
in its adaptation to some new products
that will make a demand for the use
of its broad acres and the employ-
ment of a large population.
The recuperative powers of Florida
have had a marked illustration during
the past winter and spring. The
present outlook is that an entire re-
recovery from the loss will be accom-
plished in three years, with a founda-
tion for future prosperity that would
not have been laid had the calamity
of the freeze of 1894-5 not visited the
State. "If I cannot raise oranges I
can raise something to eat," has been
the language of Florida residents, and
the soil, with an unparalleled climate,
are producing such crops as were
never before raised, and little impor-
tation of food for man or beast will
be required this year, while millions
of dollars worth will be sold, in a
good measure making up the loss of
the orange crop.
Nature's Fertilizer Factory.
An ammonia fertilizer that costs no
money and furnishes fodder and grain
to boot. In the North it is clover. In
the South it is the cow pea. This is
the year to feed your stock from your
own soil, and feed the soil from the
We are still anxious to know if any
of our Southern readers are successful
in introducing Crimson Clover. It is
gaining in favor in the North, and if
it can be made to grow successfully in
the South it will be a valuable acqui-
sition, and will not have to contend
with the freeze outs it encounters in
The Indian Red Cob, a Southern-
grown corn, has every year been grow-
ing more in favor, and each year the
demand for seed has been greater than
the supply. A sufficient acreage has
been planted, by the Interlachen Seed
House, the present year, it is hoped,
to meet the increased demand. This
house is also testing this year, by a
considerable acreage, a new Southern
corn, recently discovered, that gives
great promise of such adaptation to
soil and climate as will aid in making
Southern farming a success.
The freeze has been a great educa-
tor. Low budding will be the order
of the future, and winter protection
of buds for several inches, perhaps
feet, from the ground, will be the rule
until the trunk is hardened, or until
immunity from frost again makes the
orange grower careless.
Several new varieties of the yam, or
sweet potato, are being tested in the
vicinity of Interlachen the present year,
and if they prove superior will be put
upon the market next year.
ITALIAN n 0
You're the loser unless
you keep bees to gather E
the sweets of nature about
yPu. Bee Keeping Is
Pleasant and Profitable to either sex, In town
or country a) Page Bee Book free to aU.
J. M. JNKIt 8, Wetnmpka, Ala.
The Second Freeze in the North.
Editor Parmer and Fruit-Grower :
Another week of chilling frosts and fe-
verish anxiety among fruit-growers and
dealers has passed, and, though accounts
conflict somewhat, the report we sent out
on the 15th is fully verified.
While the damage done on the ll1th to
the 14th was immense, and cut the pros-
pective crop severely, there was still
enough left to give a fair amount for gen-
eral use, and no scarcity was looked for.
On the nights of the 20th and 21st an-
other freeze came and completed the ruin
in many orchards and gardens. All ten-
der vegetables were cut to the ground.
Cherries were ruined; strawberry blooms
were cut off, and the grapes west of Ohio
practically wiped out, and the Ohio and
New York grape belt again scorched.
From cuttings from the dispatches and
letters received, we sum up the situation
today about as follows: The fruit crops
of the whole upper Mississinpi and Mis-
souri valleys are practically wiped out,
very little being left. Central Illinois,
Indiana and Ohio are every injured in
all fruit crops. Strawberries from points
now shipping, about two-thirds of a crop;
but from points in bloom on the 20th, less
than one-half a crop, and only late fruit-
ing will mature.
Grapes are almost entirely wiped out,
and all small fruit badly damaged.
Good crop of peaches in Georgia. Con-
flicting accounts from Delaware and New
Jersey; but little said on New England
The strip of Western Michigan along
the east shore of Lake Michigan, one hun-
dred miles long, and say ten miles wide,
had great water protection. From this
section advices published in the Allegan
(Mich.) Gazette of the 25th report great
damage to plums, grapes and cherries, and
some to strawberries and peaches; but
the two latter items will, no doubt, come
out all right-enough for a good crop.
Central and Eastern Michigan suffered se-
On the whole, as much damage was
done by the second freeze as by the early
one, and the reduction in the fruit supply
must be estimated at less than 60 per cent.
of what was promised on May 1st, leaving
only 40 per cent. to come. The amount
in dollars and cents is enormous.
Fraud-+ Fruit Wrappers.
NO MORE CHEATING.
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
now know that they get an honest ream
of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheets
to ream as some unscrupulous dealers
OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"
Printed Wrappers are put up in packages
of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is
numbered, in printing, consecutively
from 1 to 1000. No one can
our prices. Send for sample and prices
THE JERSEY CITY-PRINTING CO.,
JERSEY CITY, N. J.
N. B.-We do not deal in imprinted
Shortest, Quiokest, Most Attractive
ROU LI7 E
FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
Florida Central and Peninsular
NEW THROUGH ROUTES.
1 New York to Jacksonville by
New Florida | Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash-
and [ington, Southern Railway to
Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
Air Line. | Peninsular to all principal
J points in Florida.
1 Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
Cincinnati I Queen & Crescent to Chatta-
and Inooga, Southern R'y to Ever-
Florida ette, Florida Central & Penin-
Limited. sular to all important Florida
Kansas City MKansas City, Fort Scott &
and Memphis R. R. to Kansas City,
Jackso'ville to Birmingham, Southern R'y
Thr Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
Peninsular to all Fla. points.
St. Louis to Jacksonville by
SCairo Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gs Illinois Central to Holly Sp'gs,
Route. Kansas City, Memphis & Bir-
I mingham to Birmingham, Sou.
J R'y to Everette and F. C. & P.
Sioux City & Chicago to Jack-
Holly Spigs sonville. Ill. Cent. to Holly
Route. Sp'gs, K., C. M. & B. to Bir-
e mingham, Son. R'y to Ever-
ette and the F. C. & P.
1 Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River
New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
To route with through sleepers
Jackso'ville between New Orleans and
The F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
Florida running through the
Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
Peace and Strawberry .Lands,
Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,
.Has the Silver Spring and
Other Fine eScenery.
The Great Bunting Country.
Beaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.
Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
ety of soils in the State, and above all
'Runs over the Central Ridgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy.
Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
the best freight facilities for any produce to
the Northern markets. Send for the popular
"MY FLORID0A HOME."
with its spirited words and beautiful music
descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pages
of full sized best music paper, containing also
a picture of a home in Florida and a hunting
scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)
Send also for the best map of Florida (sen
free) and note the towns on Its route.
A. 0. MAODONELL, G.P.A,
The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
Offers to Shippers
The Shortest and Quickest Route
FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
THE EAST AND WEST.
With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-
g any is better equipped than ever ever to
andle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
Insure close connections and prompt despatch
to all Eastern and Western Markets.
Through cars to destination with-
out change or delay.
Perishable freight followed by wire and
shippers advised time passing various June-
tion points and arrival at destination.
All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
See that your goods are marked
via F. C. & P. R. R.
For information call on or address the un-
C. B. TAYLOR Trav. A'gt, Ocala, Fla.
W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A'g't, Orlando, Fla.
G. M. HOLDEN, Tray. A gt. Leesburg, Fla
W. R. FULLER, Tray. A'gt, Tampa, a.
Or N. S. PENNINGTON, Traffi Manager,
W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. *
TflSI FLORIDA PAItMER AND FHTJIT-GROWER. 365
r I I milli I I I MIM Mlli IMIMMu1I IM.
and aches of an annoying nature, a torturous nature, a danger-
ous nature, can be quickly and surely cured with Pain-Killer.
As no one is proof against pain, no one should be without
Pain-Killer. This good old remedy kept at hand, will save
much suffering and many calls on the doctor. For all sum-
mer complaints of grown folks or children it has stood with-
out an equal for over half a century. No time like the present
to get a bottle of
Sold everywhere. The quantity has been doubled but the price remains
the same, 25c. Look out for worthless imitations. Buy only the genuine,
bearing the name-PERRY DAVIS & SON.
L"I I I IMMMMMM 11 111 11 1 1 1 1uuArIlkIII
WEATHER AND CROPS.
For the Week Ending June 4.
Tempera- Precipita- Sun-
ture tion. shine.
Nor- Cur- Nor- Cur- For Week
mal. rent mal. rent.
Western... 77 o80 1.17 o o6
Northern.. 78 79 1.22 o.00 .a
Central.... 78 8i 1.25 0.35 k
Southern.. so 81z .34 o.61 .<
The week has been hot and dry-
just the conditions needed by all crops
over the greater section of the State.
Cotton over the northern and western
districts last week was not showing as
much thrift as was desired. This
week has given the requisite heat, and
enabled farmers to clean crops of
grass, which had become a formidable
enemy, particularly to the welfare of
Western District-No rain and al-
most the maximum amount of sun-
shine prevailed over the western dis-
trict during the current crop week.
Over portions of this section, the cot-
ton plant had been retarded in growth
by cool nights and too much rain.
Grass in crops was general. The past
week being characterized by increased
warmth and little or no rain, gave a
great impetus to farm work and stimu-
lated all crops to rapid growth. The
week closed with a marked improve-
ment in the general condition of farm
work, and a gratifying growth of sta-
ple products. Over a limited territory
pear blight is still seen, and old orange
trees show very little vitality.
Northern District The warm
weather was very favorable to crop
growth, relieving interested parties of
apprehension incident to too much
rain damaging the melon crop. Too
frequent showers were producing some
ill effects, but the absence of precipi-
station this week has checked such ten-
dencies. Refreshing showers, how-
ever, are now required to prevent
"shedding" incident to a lack of moist-
ure. The dry week was strikingly
appropriate in bettering the condition
of corn and cotton, energetic efforts
being essential in putting the above
products in a satisfactory state of
cultivation. Over sections of
the district very favorable ad-
vices have been received re-
garding the oat crop, which is now
being harvested. Melons are becom-
ing plentiful. Vegetables of all kinds
numerous and roasting ears abound.
Insects reported heretofore as damag-
ing new growth to orange trees are
disappearing. There is unanimity
among correspondents to the effect
that everything seems favorable for a
good crop year.
Central District-The district will
average nearly four degrees warmer
than the normal with a marked defi-
ciency in moisture. The only rainfall
of import fell over Orange county
on the 28th. It was by no means
general. The conditions over this
district agree with those enumerated
over the other sections of the State.
The warm, dry weather, gave ample
opportunity to thoroughly cultivate
crops. The Irish potato yield has
been the best for years, and corn is
no laggard in the race for excellence.
Sections of Volusia county report rice
doing nicely. Conflicting conditions
are reported regarding the progress of
new growth on old orange trees. Veg-
etables in exhaustless quantities, and
large shipments continue. Melon
outlook very promising, and shipping
has commenced. The week closes
with a generally improved condition
of products, and'a feeling of content-
ment throughout the district.
Southern District-Nearly normal
heat, plenty of sunshine, and'a signifi-
cant deficiency in moisture dominated
the district. Vegetables, berries and
corn in plenty. Onion crop about
gathered. Cow pea crop advancing
for potatoes, fruits, and all vegetables require (to secure the largest
yield and best quality)
At Least 107/ Actual Potash
Results of experiments prove this conclusively. How and
why, is told in our pamphlets.
They are sent free. It will cost you nothing to read them, and they will save you
dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York.
JOHN L. MARVIN,
H. T. BAYA,
THOSE. W. CONRAD,
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK,
Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Colleetions and Geneva
John L. Marvin,
H. T. Baya,
Judge E. M. Randall.
Dr" H. Robinson.
DIRIROOT1ORC B v
A. B. Campbell,
T. W. Roby,
C. B. Rogers,
- Judge R. B. Archibald,
W. M. Davidson,
John E. Hartridae.
SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
H. ROBINSON, President. W. J. HARKISHEIIER, Vice-Pres.
WM RAWLINSON, Cashier,
H. ROBINSON, J. HILDEBRAND P. E. McMURRAY,
W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT,
J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN.
Collections made on all points of Florida, and Remitted for on day of Pay-
ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $800, 000.
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list and terms.
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
ALBERT M. IVES, Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
Hillsboro Co.: John Fabyan, Lake Co.: Hy Crutcher, Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co. F. G. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V. Hillyer,
Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
Address:all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Fla, Stencils,
with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
JOHN CLARK, SON & 00C.,
Grocers and Commission Merchants
Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,
Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
PR ICE- LISTr OF WH ISKI ES:
MANONGAHELA RYE..................... $ 50 CABINET BOURBON.... .................86 oo
PARKER ...................................I 75 J. MARTIN RYE ..............................3 0oo
ORANGE VALLEY.......................2 oo VIRGINIA GLADES..........................4 4o
SPRINGVALLEY.............*** ...... 2 50 OLD BOURBON......... ........ ..... 5 00
BALTIMORE CORN .................... 2 o00 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH ................. 5 oo
NORTH.CAROLINA CORN... ............ 2 50 OLD BAKER............ ............. 5o00
CLIPTON CLUB .......................... 3 o00 MONTROSE VELVET RYE............... 6 00
JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 150; two gallon, 50c; three gallon, 75c. Remit by post-office
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. 0. D. Remit with order.
A complete price-list of.Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application.
JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
a6~ 1~ftE FLORIDA ~A.ftMER AND FRtJVI~-GRoWEIL
nicely. Melons in general use, and
fine quality. Oranges nearly two
inches in diameter. Orange, lemon,
banana and grape vines being set out.
Crop yields and present condition sat-
SUMMARY BY COUNTIES.
Washington-Past week favorable
for all crops, and they are growing
rapidly. Grass being cleaned out.-
Escambia-Some orchards show
signs of die back. Trees full of fruit.-
Escambia-With no rain, crops
have been worked out, and in fine
condition. Pear blight increasing.-
Madison-Corn and cotton in good
Baker-Weather during week very
favorable. Rain now wanted, but not
badly. Everything favorable for good
Columbia-Vegetable crop has been
fine. Most crops doing well.-
St Johns-Need rain. Crops look
well. New corn, tomatoes and mel-
ons, coming on. Irish potato crop
Nassau-Weather been very fav-
orable. Corn and melons doing well.
Showers would do good.-Jacques.
Clay-Condition of all crops ex-
Alachua-Crops doing well. Dry
weather giving all an opportunity to
kill grass. Oat crop very heavy.-
Hillshornugch-fCrnnop dincr well
ful. Onion crop about gathered-.
The cnwpea crop advancing well.-
Dade-Orange, lemon and banana
trees being planted. Melons in the
NOTE All correspondents are
earnestly requested to report weekly,
and in sufficient time, for cards to
reach the central office Monday night.
The conditions from the present time
will decide the yield of staple crops.
We might say the coming two months
will decide, to a very large extent,
whether or not the crop year will be a
good one. Prompt and correct reports
will be very much appreciated by the
A. J. MITCHELL, Observer,
Weather Bureau Director.
The experience of Rural, in his
efforts to raise crimson clover will be
read with interest. It is not unlike
the experience of multitudes in the
North, anid yet it is a pronounced suc-
cess with many and highly prized.
The "Rural New Yorker," my high
authority, urges those who have failed
to still continue to try. In the North
it has to be planted in the summer or
fall, and winter killing is the greatest
obstacle. Has any one tried fall
planting in Florida? Has any one
made a success ? If there is a way of
planting, or time of planting, in the
South by which it can be made a suc-
cess, we want to know how it is done.
If a clover, by any method, can be suc-
cessfully grown in our climate and
soil it will be an accession and help
solve the feed question.
The (eorgia Colony.
.,. This colony consists of o,ooo heads
though getting a little dry. Old or- This colony consists of 10,000 heads
ange trees putting on fair growth.- of families, forming a company of $500
Stinson. 000, no member of which can hold
more than ten shares of $io each.
Pasco-Shipping melons. Orange The colony is to consist of farmers,
trees improving continually.-Del- merchants, manufacturers, professional
cher. men, etc., who are to occupy city
Sumter-Warm weather. Crops lots and farms of 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 50
growing finely. Rain would be bene- and one hundred acres according to
ficial. Corn is very good.-Davis. proximity to the principal town, cen-
Volusia- Field and garden crops trally located in 100,000 acres, which
looking finely. Groves still in doubt, has been secured. Upon the success
-Morse. of this colony will depend the forma
Hillsborough-Orange trees have tion of numerous colonies to occupy
begun a second growth, and the old land in the more favorable climate of
trees especially show very rich color, the South where winter is but a short
Oranges holding well, and in many interruption of farm work, and the
cases are an inch in diameter.--Hart- chances of success are greater than
ley. where so much of summer earnings
Orange-Orange trees not doing so are consumed in the winter.
well. Crop conditions good. Melons a
coming in. Irish potato crop gathered; Will Potatoes Sprout from Pieces
was a good one. Corn excellent. Without Eyes?
Rice coming up nicely.-Rice. The following from Prof. W. F.
Polk- Corn growing rapidly. Massey we find in the "Rural New
Orange trees doing well. Gardens Yorker":
making good progress.-Wade. When Mr. Bliss sent out the Early
Lake-Weather conditions continue Rose potato, I. bought from him one
favorable. Corn, melons and toma- pound of seed. When they reached
toes looking fine. Section never had me I found that some rascal in the
finer tomatoes. Large shipments mail service had opened the package
daily.-Rosenberg. and had carefully gouged out every
Southern District: eye. Nothing daunted, I cut them
Manatee-Weather all that could to single pieces just as though the eyes
be desired. Oranges nearly two inches were there, and planted them. Every
through. Potato digging completed. piece grew and I had 35 pounds of
Melons in market. Nursery stock potatoes for the crop. The latent
coming, on nicely.-Courter. eyes further down on the shoots of
Lee-Vegetables and corn plenti- the potato evidently started.
The question of reducing fertilizer
cost in the production of crops is an
especially attractive one at present.
Mr. Trowbridge of Waldo, Fla., in
a recent letter, ordering "Wonderful
Peas," says: "I left the vines (Won-
derful) on the ground and letthem die
there and plowed them under in the
winter and planted the ground in En-
glish peas, February 12th. I am now
shipping the peas and I find more
than double the yield on the ground
where I grew the Wonderful and
turned them under, than I do on the
ground right alongside that did not
have the Wonderful grown on it."
In these days when every dollar
counts, the truck farmer or home
gardener can get practically free fer-
tilizer by growing this crop on his
land and turning it under when fully
Turn Wheat and Cotton Into Sugar.
We pay annually about $125,000,-
ooo for foreign sugar. It should all
be made here. The sugar-beet crop
should take the place of wheat on the
great prairies where farmers are in
poverty because wheat no longer
yields a paying crop, and the cotton
fields and the reclaimed glades of the
South should be turned into cane fields
where they will produce from $50 to
$100oo ner acre without bounty.
STRAWBERRY PLANTS FOR SALE. Ala-
bama Ntwnan, the best for shipping purpos-
es. Strong, wellrooted plants'. $3.00 per iooo,
f. o. b. Cash with order. John Seeley, Lawtey,
STRAWBERRY PLANTS. For nice, well-
rooted, Newnan plants at two dollars a thou-
sand f. o, b. Address W. H. Kemp, Lawtey.
STRAWBERRY PLANTS.-loo,000 for sale.
Alab-ma Newnan and Alabama Cloud. Best
shipping berries in the State. Strong, well root-
ed plants. Good packing guaranteed by ten
years experience. $2.00 per 100oo, f. o. b. R,
Puddy, Lawtey, Fla. 5-i8-4
IRRIGATED GROVE 100oo acres to years set
in Orange trees' 50 in other fruit trees, etc.
For sale at a sacriAce. Address "F," The Palms,
Lane Park, Lake County, Fla. 4 27-9m
CHOICE ORANGE, LEMON and GRAPE
FRUIT Trees. One year old buds on four
year old roots Also bud wood. For sale by
Arthur S. Auchincloss. Redland Cal. s-ii-8
PLANT STRAWBERRIES The Strawberry
business will be greatly over done next year,
and only those who plant under the best condi-
tions will make a profit. Lawtey berries are
quoted in the New York Price Current this
week. 35 to 45 cents; from all other parts of the
State, 25 to 35 cents. Lands for sale or rent at
reasonable rates. E. G. Hill, Lawtey, Fla.
F ANY ONE who has been benefited by the
Suse of Dr William's Pink Pills will write to
THE FARMER A1ND FRUIT GROWER, they will re-
ceive information that will be of much value and
interest to them.
LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock and
Bronze Turkey Eggs for hatching, Ji.oo doz-
en to suit the times. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake,
Florida. 2 2-16
HOICE Orange and Lemon Trees and Bud-
wood for sale. Address, I. H. Cammack
Whittier, California. 3-i6-tf.
TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.-
Stock of the best. $i for 13. R. Puddy,
Lawtey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for
S Agent's profits per month. Will
prove it or pay forfeit. New Ar-
ticles just out. A $1.50 sample
S- c and terms free. Try us. CHIDES-
TER & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y.
FOR SALE for cash,time or tiade, orange groves,
fruit and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
F OR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
in North Carolina mountains. Owner must
live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-15-ti
ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
two. We pay freight. Write for our latest
price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf
THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
H127,000 citrus trees on sour orange, grape-fruit
and rough lemon roots, of the following varieties:
Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine, Satsuma, Kum-
quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa
Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. TahitiSeed-
less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless
Grape-fruit. C. M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
EGGS' FOR HATCHING at reduced prices.
EGGSAlbert Fries, St. Nicholas, Fla. 5-24-3.
" CENT-A- WORD COL UMN.
RATES.-Twenty words, name and address,
one week. 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents Noth-
ing taken for less than 25 cents.
Advertisements for this column MUST be pre-
Send no stamps larger than two cents.
Initials and figures count as one word.
VELIVET Beans 5 cents a dozen, if self-ad-
dressed envelope is sent to me. Moccasin
pattern, for hou.e wear, and Ladies Home
Journal stocking pattern, 5 cents each. M. G.
Mills. St. Thomas, Fla. 6-8-tf.
GENUINE Nunan, Bessie and Alabama Straw-
berry Plants $3.00 per 1,000oo. Cherokee, $o10
per 1,ooo. Julius Schnadelbach & Sons, Lock
Box 4, Grand Bay, Ala. 6 I-4
FISHI NG LINES. i to T1o yards best Braid-
S10. ed Oil Silk, I cent a yard. Send for
samples, Waren & Co., :o E 14th St., N. Y.
STRAWBERRY PLANTS. Alabama Newnans
S Improved Good strong healthy plants.
$2.00 per ooo1000. Special rates on ,ooo lots or over.
Address Daveny & Kirnbell, Lawtey Fla. 5-25-4
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,
Gen. PaD. en at.
4aesa.. ~SSxce tt
TAE FLORA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
TO NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA,
48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
65 to 70o hours between Savannah and Boston.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
m -L Z.
.- -J .
PameaGe matee a
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00; Intermediate, $ig.oo; Excursion, $43.30;
Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 Excursion, $47.3o01;
Steerage, $14.25. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time.)
City of Birmingham ........ ........... Sunday, May 19, X2.30 p. m.
Nacoochee.... ........ ...................................Tuesday, May 21, 3.00 p. m.
Kansas City.... ............................................ Friday, May24. "5 ooa. m.
Tallahassee..... ..... ..... .. ........................... Sunday, May 26, 6.3o a. m.
City of Birmingham .............................................. Tuesday, May 28, 7.30 p. m.
Nacoochee ...... ....... ..................... ..............Friday, May 31, I oo a. m.
Kansas City ..... ................................................ Sunday, June 2, 12.oo noon
Tallahassee ..........................................................Tueday, June 4, 3.00oop. m.
City of Birmingham .....................................Friday, June 7. 5.3oa.m.
Nacoochee.............. ................................. Sunday, June 9; 7.00 a. m.
Kansas City..................................................... Tuesday, June II, 7.00 m.
Tallahassee....... ............................................Friday, June 14, o.00 a. m.
City of Birmingham ............................................. Sunday, June 16, 12.00 noon
Nacoochee................... .......... ... ....................... ..Tuesday, June i8, 2.00 p. m,
Kansas City ............................................. Friday, June 21, 4.00 p. m.
City of Augusta......................................................Sunday, June 23, 5.oo a. m.
City of Birmingham ..................... ........................Tuesday, June 25, 7.oo p.m.
Nacoochee ... ............................................. Friday, June 28, 10.00 a. m.
Kansas City.................................................. ...... Sunday, June 30o, 12.oo noon
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.
City of Macon .................................... ...........Thursday, May 23, 4.30 p. m.
Gate City................................. ......................... Thursday, May 30o, o.oo a. m.
City of.M acon........................... ................ .... ......Thursday, June 6, 5.oop m.,
Gate City................................ ........................... Thursday, June 13, lo.oo a. m .
City of M acon............................. ...................... ... Thursday, June 20, 3.30 P. m.
Gate City.................. ..........................................Thursday, June 27,, 9.00oo a. m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.
(These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.)
Elihu Thompson........................................... ...... Wed'day, May 22, 3.30 p. m.
Dessoug.... ......................................................... W ed'day, M ay 29, -9.oo a. m .
................--. ................. .... Wed'day, June, 5, 4.00 p. m.
Dessoug ....... ........ ....... ..................... ..............Wed'day, June 12, 9.oo a. m.
.......................... ...... ....Wed'day, June 19, 2.30 p. m.
Dessoug............. ...................................Wed'day, June 26, 8.ooa. m.
THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia. Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad.
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to all points North and Fast. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York.
R. I,. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
New Pier No. 35, North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston
W. I .JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Say., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y.
J. L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway, New York. 3o6 Washington st., Boston.
W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Tray. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year.
FRll U|^ T T R EE S Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries.
r RUIT I I E Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,
Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat, etc,, etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camel-
lias. Azaleas, 50,ooo Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The
Green House Department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-
alogues free. Address P. J. B ER KMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.
12 Trial Pks. 15 cts.
STo any farmers in the United States or Canada who are
not acquainted with the extra reputation MarbleheadSeed
have honestly won for purity and reliability, we will send a
sample package (a little below ordinary size) of each of the
following 12 choice varieties, all of our own raising, for 15
cents, which will but little more than pay for the coat of putting
up and mailing: Crosby's Early Beet, White Spine Cucumber,
0 All-Season's and Hard heading Cabbages, Danver Carrot, Thick-
leaved Dandelion, ReE and Yellow Danver Onion, Dutch Parsnip.
Comrade Tomato, Sugar Pumpkin, Lackey's Corn. Cata-
logue Home Grown Seed, Free.
J. J. H. GREGORY & CO., Marblehead, Mass.
The Clyde Steamship Co.
NEW YORK, CHIRIESTDN AND FbOqilD BINES.
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-
pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
both ways :
From New Yo
(Pier 29, E. R.
rk. From TANDARD Tacksonvile
) STEAMER Florida.
28th, at 3 p m........ "SEMINOLE" ........Sunday, June 2d, at 12:00 n'n
3ist, at 3 P m ..- -.. "IROQUOIS"...... ..Thursday, 6th, at 4:oo a m
4th, at 3pm. "AIGONQUIN"........ Sunday, June 9th, at 6:oo am
7th, at 3 p m........"CHEROKEE ........ Thursday, 13th, at 8:30 am
nIth, at 3p m.......... "IROQUOIS". ........Sunday, i6th, at ix:ooa m
14th, at 3p m........"ALGONQUIN". ......Thursday, 2oth, at 2:00 p m
i8th, at 3 p m........ ."CHEROKEE" .........Sunday, 23rd, at 4.oo am
2xst, at 3 pm...... ... IROQUOIS" ........Thursday, 27th, at 7:30 am
25th, at 3 p m........."AI,GONQUIN"........Sunday, 3oth, at o:oo00 a m
28th, at 3 p m........ CHEROKEE" ..... ..Thursday, July 4th, at 2.00 p m
t For Jacksonville Direct.
Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Line.
For the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE" is intended to
sail from PHILADFLPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from
CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection made at
Charleston with Clyde Florida Steamers, for business to and from Jacksonville and
all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.
ST'. JOHNS RIVtR LINE.
For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
the St. Johns River.
Capt. W. A. SHAW,
Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5:00 p. m.,
and returning leave Sanford Mondays, and Thursdays at 5 a. m.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.
D. D. C. MINK, General Freight Agent. i2 Eo. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Gieen, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
19 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.
W. A. BOUR!
S. ESTABLISHED 1875. J
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,
. B. BOURS.
Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,
U Wasa [^t BAr MAy L'., JAWcXwOomWTI./, IEM.A.
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,
Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.
Star Brand Fertilizers,
PURE GROUND BONE
MURIATE OF POTASH,
Orange Tree and Vegetable P KAINI
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and a trial will convince,
Send for Catalogne, free,
THE fLORIDA FAtMEIA AlID PRIUIT-G1tOWER1. L
368 1~ FLO1UtA liARMER AND ~'RUIP-GROWER.
How are you going to dispose of your vegetables, etc., this Spring and we get you larger returns is is probable, that, if you are not already a patron
Summer ? of- our brands of fertilizers, you will be another season. We have obtained
Have you tried our New York house yet in order to determine whether larger returns for others. We can do it for you.
a company who is interested in securing high prices for your products can Obtaining higher prices for your crops will increase our fertilizer busi-
actually secure you larger returns? ness in Florida and that is what 'e are working for. Write to us at No. i,
Try us with a shipment at the same time you ship to some one else. If Broadway, New York, for stencil.
ARE INSECTS TROUBLING YOUR CROPS?
Then write to us for information about using our newly improved'" "In
secticide and Fertilizer Lime." If applied fresh it will destroy every insect in
your garden. It is indispensable where Bugs attack Tomato Plants, Water-
melons, Beans, Cabbage, Strawberries, etc., etc.
Read what our customers say:
Not Only Destroys Cut Worms and Other Insects, But is a
Good Fertilizer-200 Crates Tomatoes to the Acre.
[From Winter Haven, Fla.1
The Paine Fertilizer Co., Jacksonville, Fla.:
DEAR SIRS-I have used one ton of your Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime
experimenting with it, and I take pleasure in testifying that it not only de-
stroys Cut Worms and other insects which destroy vegetable plants, but that
it is a good fertilizer for Florida soil, I also applied it to my lemon trees with
the desired effect. I use 600 pounds of fertilizer and 700 pounds of lime per
acre on my tomatoes, and I will get 200 crates to the acre where I used this.
lime. I am going to use 1,000 pounds to the acre next season on all lands.
that I cultivate. Yours very respectfully,
C. A, McCOLLUM.
Our Lime Decidedly the Handsomest Paying Investment
that can Possibly be Made-Without it inferior
Crops-With it Perfect Growth and Fruitage.
[From Arcadia, Fla.]
2he Paine Fertilizer Co., Jacksonville, Fla.:
GENTLEMEN-I have read with much interest Prof. Pratt's analysis of
your Lime reported in the Farmer and Fruit Grower of the 9th inst. I pur-
chased two tons of you about three months ago.and sowed it broadcast over
two acres of newly cleared up bay-head land. I have now growing over 4,000
cabbages, 1,500 tomato plants, several hundred egg plants, beets, lettuce,
cauliflower and onions, all doing remarkably well, all of which I attribute to
the use of your Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime. Less than four months ago
this was a wet swampy bay-head. I have four acres now to clear up and
shall use a ton to an acre. Yours truly,
Write for our complete I. & F. Lime pamphlet, with various opinions
from all sections of the State. This insecticide will save your strawberry
plants it used during the summer.
Write us for all information on agricultural matters, to
710 and 712 East Bay St., Jacksonville, Florida,
And for all information about selg your fruit and vegetable crops, to
No. 1, Broadway, New York, N. Y.
Get our latest prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors. Our facilities enable us to -do :this
easily, and, as a rule, to give better and higher class grades of materials.
THE PAINE FERTILIZER CO,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., and NEW YORK, N. Y.
EAJN3LISIIEZD I~ 1S2O.
TIE FLORIDA FARMER AND PRiUIT-GROWER.