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'WITHa WHv~ICH r r11sTooeRPOiA-TED "TH iPLORIeDA DISPA.TCHi.**
S. Powers, Publisher and Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JUNE 16, 1894. Whole No. 1i3323 NEW SEIS.
Prp.tr AKSNIL.FA. UE1.19.Vol. VI. No. 24.
Geo. S. Hacker & Son,
And Building Material.
CHARLESTON. S. 0.
Fraud -U Fruit Wrappers.
NO MORE CHEATING.
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
now know that they get an honest ream
of 480 sheets and not 4001 or .3'-'0 sheets
to ream as some unscrupulous dealers
OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"
Printed Wrappers are put up in packages
of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is
numbered, in printing, consecutively
from 1 to 1000. No one-can
our prices. Send for samples and prices
THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.,
JERSEY CITY, N. J. -
N. B.--Wd do not deal in unprinted
W. C. WELL. ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F. JONES.
WILL & JONES,
58 & 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & -123 MICHIGAN ST.,
BUFFALO, N. Y.
WHOLESALE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted at
all principal shipping points,
... REFERENCES : -
First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Brad-
Queen City Fruit Auction Co.
BUFFALO, NEW YORK.
REFERENCES:-Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's Agencies.
FOR PRODUCTION AND PROFIT
Buy Trees of the Well-known, Reliable, Ten ears tested
@ GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES.
SAVSUMA ORANGES, hardy and early. PECANS,, best Paper-Shell variety. CAMPHOR TREES.
PEARS, all kinds, immense stock. WALNdTS,Eng:,Japani California. TEXAS UMBRELLA.
PEACHES,.60 varieties, new and old. CHESTNUTS,JapanMammoth, fine. GREVILLEA ROBUSTA.
PLUMS, boet Japan and native sorts. OLIVES and APHIOOTS. MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA,
JAPAN PERSIMMaONSvarietiesalltested. PIGS and MULBERRIES. CITRUS TRIPOLIATA.
GRAPES, good supply, all leading kinds. POMEGRANATES. R. OSES, 50 varieties.
Other kinds-lots or telim-write for what you want.
REEl:.Specimens of fruit in season; and our experience and information as to adaitability to-
your locality, Worth much more. For instance, we have discarded one variety of which we shipped
400 bushels in 1887, and this but one of the hundreds of varieties tested. We have built our reputation
on flne stock- some say theflnest. An Ex-Governor of Pla. writes: "They are beauties, so admirably
packed as to shame a novice, and even many who pretend to be experts." Prompt and careful
attention to correspondence. Prices reasonable. Catalogue free.
G. L. TA.BERt, Clen St. Mary, Fla.
"EVERYTHING FOR FLORIDA.."
To every one interested inilaniits, whether for House, Or-r
chard, or garden, our New Catalogue and Manual will be inval-
uable. Send for it immediately. We can supply all Fruit trees
grown in the South, beside Orinrmehal and Useful plants
and trees from th'e "Four Quarters oftheEarth." (From0i"Aloe
to Zingiber," etc.) Write to-day,
IEASONER BROS., Oieco, FIa.
Headquarters .for New Plants;
Is unequaled for house, barn, factory orout-build-
ings, and costs half the price of shingles, tin or
iron. It is ready for use and easily applied by
FOR SHED OR HENHOUSE.
On steep or flat surface. Excellent roof, complete.
$2.00-Per 100 Square Feet---$2.00
Send stamp for sample and state size of roof.
Protect your Buildings with Slate Roofing
Paint, which neither cracks in winter nor runs
in summer. Old shingle roofs can be painted,
looking much better, and lasting longer than
new shingles without the paint for one-fourth
the cost of re-shingling. O0e decayed shingles
it fills up the holes and pores, and gives a new
substantial roof that lasts for years. urled' or
warped shingles it brings to their places and
lceeps them there. Slate paint requires no heat-
lug, is applied with a brush, and very ornament-
al. Be sure you obtain our genuine article,
which is chocolate color.
ONi TIN ORi IRON ROOFS
It is acknowledged the best paint in the market
for durability. It has a heavy body; is easily ap-
plied; expands by heat, contracts by cold, and
never cracks or scales. One coat is equal to 4
of any other paint. Buildings covered with felt
can be made watertight at small expense, and
preserved for years. Write at once for Cata-
.*. Correspondence Invited. *.
INDIANA PAINT & ROOFING 00.,
42 WQst Broadway, New York.
Please mention FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.
Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. Redfield.
REDFIELD & SON,
-- AND1 -
141 Dock Street, Philadelphtia, Pa.
Welhandle. all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
either ate sale (which has heretofore been
our custom) or buy the auction system (recently
added to our business) as you may desire.
PEOPLE ARE LEARNING
!in Some parts ofthe country, at least, that' TRHY MUST HAVE AN EARLY 'ORANGE, or no
Orangeatall. Theyarealsolearningthat BOONE'S EARLY is not.only ihe Earli-ii. but Best
and nearest to a Seedless' Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees of'rhii and other vaneuiei
now for sale by
C. A. "B6O EAgent.
Semi-Tropical Nurseries, Orlando, Fla,
THE WL P EA One vt. 35c.; oneqt. 50c,. postpaid;
PE A one pk. $1.30; one us. $4.30, by ex-
E I press or freight; not prep'd, includ-
S., ,.. .. .. ing six months' subscription to the
-That gives full instructions for the cultivation of the Wonderful Pea.
H.G. HASTINGS & CO.' Interlaciei, 'Fla.
Numerous tests have conclusively demonstrated that the COCOIDICIDE is fatal to the aleyrodes (white fly) in all of its stages of development. It can, how-
ever, be more effectively reached while in the egg, larva and pupa states. It is now in those states, but will comfnence hatching the fly about the middle of June.
Now is thie 'Time to Apply.
It is also fatal to the Spiders, Rust Mites and their eggs, and to the Scale without reference to the hatching periods.
THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE.
THR, OLD RELIAB]LE. Always on hand at the reduced rate. Will do all that is claimed for it.
Single barrels, ton or in car lots.
SPRAYING MACHIIE BRIY.
In Great variety at manufacturers' prices.
STEVENS' WATER MOTOR.
A splendid appliance for groves that are irrigated. Will greatly reduce the cost of using insecticides. Rubber hose (all sizes), plain and wire bound.
BANGOR BOX SIDES.
Cargo will arrive in Tune. Special rates for orders to be shipped from vessel. Pine box sides, kiln dried heads, hoops, paper, nails, etc. Pineapple crates and other growers supplies.
The rate for transporting Insecticides has -been reduced from 6th class to class "K." A reduction of more than 50 per cent.
Correspondence solicited. E B E A N ,
Wayoross Wharf. Jacklsonville. Fla.
TO THE ORANGE GROWERS OF FLORIDA.
Having been practical orange growers for a number, of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-
selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement:
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower.
It has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as
other Insecticides have been throughout the State,
But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed:on
the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, which
is very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White -Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used.
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak.
These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction.
References and general directions for using furnished on application.
Write for Price-List.
McMASTER e MILLER,
San Mateo, Fla.
Actually and Honestly 1%ade from Animal Bone.
OUR BASE IS BONE, NOT PHOSPHATE ROCK.
This is a GuWaranteed Fact.
Standard Guano & Chemical M'fg Co.
No. 14 Union St., New Orleans, La.
OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.
Write for Almanae, Prices, etc. .Jacksonville, Fla.
W, H. MICHAEL. Established 1868. A. W. MICHAEL
W. H. MICHAEL & S0N,
AND WHOLESATl DEAI.RS IN
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC FRUITS, ETC.,
No. 114 Dock St. (West Side);
PH 1ILADELPHIA, PA.
Orange Trees! I
Lemon Trees !
The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.,
I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-
rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five
to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell.at
hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.
'Write for prices. "
'rite for pc. 1. E. GILLETT, Prop.,
P:LMTBR,. RI-tENBUR & CO..
Successors.to G. S. Palmer, 166 Reade Street, New York.
WHOLE SALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Flt1ORID10 FRUITS At VEG]TmEIauIS a SPBCIlrTY..
We solicit your shipments, and invite correspondence in regard to market and'
prospects. Also write for stencils. References: Chatham National Bank, New
York, and Dun and Bradstreet Commercial Ageuciea.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
PEAR FLORIDA FARMER W FRUIT-GROWER. *E2ER
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
Annual Address of President Fair-
Stockholders of the Florida Fruit Ex-
GENTLEMEN-The Florida Fruit
Exchange holds to-day its ninth an-
nual meeting. We have closed our
business of the last year in connec-
tion with the handling of a portion of
the largest crop of oranges ever
raised in the State of Florida, amount-
ing to about 17,000 carloads.
THE SUIT FOR LOWER RATES..
I am very glad to be able to con-
gratulate you at this time on the final
decision of the case in which pro-
ceedings were instituted by the Flori-
da Fruit Exchange against the S., F.
& W. Railroad and Steamship lines.
As you are aware, when the S., F. &
W. Railroad' and other connecting
lines and steamship lines, without
justification as we believed, raised
their rate of transportation of oranges
33 per cent. in November, 1890, we
at once procured the institution of
proceedings before the Interstate
Commerce Commission to contest the
increase of freight charges, and em
played the Hon. Charles M. Cooper,
now member of Congress from Flor-
ida, as our counsel. Mr. Cooper,
with signal ability, handled the case,
presented with great skill our testi
mony and obtained a reduction of
one-half of the increased freight.
The railroad and steamship com-
panies refused to obey the decision of
the commission and we were obliged
to invoke the aid of the U. S. District
Court to enforce the order. Mr.
Cooper presented our case, and the
matter was referred to a Special Mas-
ter, J. H. Durkee, Esq., who, after a
patient and careful investigation and
the reception of much testimony, re
ported in our favor. His report was
confirmed by the court and an injunc-
tion granted against the railroad and
steamship companies exacting the in-
creased rate. From this order of the
U. S. Court the railroad and steamship
lines appealed to the Court of Appeals,
but without obtaining a supersedeas,
and obeyed the injunction.
Mr. Cooper again argued the case
before the Court of Appeals,, and that
court, after a long consideration, has
recently rendered a decision in our
favor and affirmed the decree of Judge
Swayne of the District Court. We
live thus, by the aid of our able
counsel and supported by the justice
of. our cause, three times obtained a
favorable decision. When we regard
the strong fight which has been made
b) the railroad and steamship com-
panies, the array of counsel marshaled
against our attorney, who has made
the fight single-handed, we have rea-
son to congratulate ourselves: on the
result and to recognize the ability and
skill with which our case has been
managed by Mr. Cooper.
SAVING TO THE GROWERS.
By this action of the Fruit Exchange
the fruit growers of Florida have saved
on the last year's crop alone to the ex-
tent of not less than $115,000, and
since the injunction was obtained, up
to this time, not less than $200,000.'
Further proceedings will now be had
to collect the overcharge made from
the date of the exacting of the increased
rate up to the time of obeying the in-
THE LAST CROP.
When the Exchange was organized,
in 1885, the whole crop of the State
amounted to but 6o,00oo boxes; the
crop of 1893-4 has amounted to over
five million boxes, an increase in nine
years of about four and a half million
boxes, equal to 750 per cent. The
growing season was unusually favor-
able; no frosts, no droughts or unfa-
vorable conditions affected the crop
until the severe storms of August last,
which bore heavily on the coast sec-
tion and, to some extent, in the inte-
rior. Much fruit was blown from the
trees, and ;a still greater quantity
bruised and thorned, to the injury of
its keeping qualities. An excessive
amount of moisture diminished .the
more thorough hardening of the rind,
and probably, owing to this cause
among others, there was an unusual
tendency to decay, even with the
most careful packing and handling.
The failure of the apple crop of the
North would have been a large
factor in our favor had the business
interests of the country not been sub-
jected to a financial depression which
began early in the season, arid which
has not yet terminated. Thousands
of manufactories were closed or re-
duced the number of their employees
and a very large class of mechanics,
usually the recipients of good wages,
were forced to economize and deny
themselves the luxury of purchasing
our citrus, fruits. With- the largest
crop ever known thrown on the
market, with a considerable loss by
decay and with the financial disabil
ity of so large a class of wage earners
to become purchasers of our fruit, it
was not strange that prices ruled low
compared with former years, and yet,
considering the enormous crop to be
marketed and how many and great
the drawbacks were, I think we have
reason to be satisfied with the average
price obtained Dy the Fruit Exchange.
There has been a general tendency to
exaggerate the falling off in prices
obtained during the last season.
NET AVERAGE ON ORANGES AND PINES,
The net average obtained by the
Fruit Exchange was $1.02 per box,
this average covering all sales, good,
medium, poor, culls, drops and de-
cayed. Of course, the average ob-
tained on good' sound fruit was much
greater, The average net amount re-
turned to the fruit growers during the
eight preceding years was $1.41 per
box, and the falling off in this pan-
icky year of general depression,
has been but 39 cents per box. And
although the financial condition of
the country was much worse than dur-
ing any of these previous years, yet
the whole of this enormous .crop of
upwards of 5,000,000 of bdxes was
marketed and found sale, and if the
general average equaled that-obtained
by the Fruit Exchange for its patrons,
the fruit growers of Florida received
over $5,000,000 for the orange crop
alone, a much larger aggregate sum
than ever before realized.
The amount of fruit handled by the
Exchange during the season was
439,226 packages, being an increase in
the orange business of 25 percent. over
the previous year, and 10,684 crates
of pineapples., The average gross
price obtained for oranges was $1.75
per box, and the net price at shipping
point $1.02. The average gross price
obtained for the pineapple was $4.93
and the net price $3. 16, which was
regarded as satisfactory by the grow-
ers. Although the portion of the
crop of oranges handled by the Ex.
change was not a large percentage of
the entire crop, yet, when we deduct
the quantity sold on the trees or f. o.
b. at home, a method of disposition
always approved by us, we have
handled a fair percentage of the fruit
as compared with that consigned.
CONSIGNMENTS BEGUN AGAIN.
We have always advised selling at
home if a fair price could be obtained.
We have furnished the fruit growers
with all the conditions and facts within
our knowledge bearing on the proba-
ble market value of the fruit, and
have left them to decide for themselves
as to the price to be asked if purchased
on the trees or f. o. b. on the cars.
We had succeeded in nearly putting
an end to the consignment system so
that nearly seventy per cent was sold
at home, but during the past season
the growers seem to have become de-
moralized and fruit was again con-
signed more largely, and doubtless
very unsatisfactory returns obtained.,
The business of the Fruit Exchange
has steadily grown and kept pace with
the increase of the crop, and if we
have not drawn to our organization
the bulk of our fellow fruit growers,
I am persuaded that it is not from any
defect in our business methods, our
plans or our management, but to di-
versity of opinions, the confusion of
ideas, to studied or ignorant misrep-
resentation, and, most of all, to abso-
lute ignorance of our plans and oper-
ations. Some have made only a
single shipment, which not realizing
their expectations, from no fault of
ours, and having given only that
partial trial, criticized the Exchange,
as though they were bound to furnish,
instead of good average prices, a cer-
tain satisfactory price on every ship-
ment. That we have secured the
confidence and support of a large
body of our most intelligent fruit
growers is evident from the substantial,
steady increase of business and the
continued adherence of our patrons
through successive seasons.
THEORIES AND THEORIZERS.
The mistake made by a great
many fruit growers is in theorizing in
respect to practical questions, and
supposing that a large number of
people who are engaged more or less,
but not exclusively,, in the production
of citrus fruits can be brought to the
same opinion in reference to any one
plan, either of cultivation or market-
ing their product. Human nature is
everywhere the same, opinionated or
prejudiced, unequal to the solution of
diverse plans. Up to a certain point
there is some harmony of thought in
reference to the objects to be attained,
but when it comes to the application,
then the modus operandi becomes a
question and opinions vary in infinite
shades. A general advantage to the
public does not overcome the desire
for private advantage. Only a cer-
tain percentage of the growers are
willing to adopt any plan proposed to
bring about united action, and no
plan will, be regarded as satisfactory
which does not accomplish the virtual
impossibility of eliminating all acci-
dents, delays, conditions of weather,
financial conditions, faults of produc-
tion, packing, etc. The perfect plan
must in the view of some be that only
which will at all times and under all
circumstances bring high prices to the
grower. It need not be said that we
have not succeeded or pretended to
have secured that ideal, nor have we
ever expected to do so. We have
aimed to get the best price that could
be had all things considered, and to
return to our fellow growers all that
their fruit would bring in the market.
We have now had an experience of
nine years in marketing citrus fruits,
and that amount of experience should
teach us the value or want of value of
our plans and methods. We have
always desired to adopt any sugges-
tions or plans which would be likely
to benefit the fruit growers. When
we organized the Exchange all Florida
fruits were sold by consignment
through commission merchants with a
general feeling of dissatisfaction.
THE AUCTION SYSTEM.
We began by carefully investigating
all the existing methods of marketing
fruit. We found that for more than
half a century all foreign fruits
brought to this country were sold at
open auction. We learned further
that in all the great markets abroad
all fruit was disposed of similarly at
auction, and we did not believe that
such a method of sale would have
been adopted and persisted in unless
for good and substantial reasons. The
open auction system of sale has now-
been extended to all the large cities,
and California fruits of all description
are sold by auction. If the system
was a bad one it would have been long
Citrus fruits are both bulky and per-
ishable, and to avoid storage, cartage,
re-packing and other charges, it is
desirable that they should be speedily
sold when they are in their best con-
dition. The commission system is a
competition of sellers; the profit made
is in the amount handled, and the
effort is to sell at some price and get
back advances for freight or money.
The auction system brings about a
competition of buyers, with .quick
sales and quick returns with small
expenses. The safety in the auction
-Continued on page.382,
372 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Notes of Progress.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower :
Thinking you might wish to keep
your readers posted as to the work of
our association, I will say that the
work of organizing local unions is
progressing satisfactorily, and many
new members are joining the old
I was requested by the citizens of
Hawthorne to attend a meeting there
for the purpose of organizing the
growers on Thursday last, and I also
attended a similar meeting at Ro-
chelle on Friday for the same pur-
pose. I will say that we had a very
enthusiastic meeting at both places,
and while there had been some dissat-
isfaction expressed by certain growers
as to some features of the plan, their
objections were entirely removed after
it was explained, and to a man they
joined the local unions and each one
seemed enthusiastic and desirous of
securing these benefits for their neigh-
bors as well, and have agreed volun
tarily to do all they can to induce
new members to join the association.
The growers are beginning to real-
ize the fact that there is absolutely no
good reason why any man who is in-
terested in the welfare of the State
should stay out of our local unions, as
the absolute necessity for an organi-
zation of some kind is too apparent to
require discussion. I -
In my travels about the State I find
that it is almost invariably the case
that wherever there is opposition to
the plan or work of the association,
there is some motive behind it all
which actuates the opposition. In
many cases local buyers who are de-
cidedly narrow-minded in their views,
oppose our work and are doing all
they can to induce the growers to
stay out of the association, or to with-
draw if they have joined. Many of
the' local buyers are broad enough in
their views to see that it will be for
the benefit 6f 'all to have the grower
secure the best results possible, and
they are willing to enter the field with
other buyers and compete with them
for the fruit. They realize that if
they are thus forced, to pay larger
prices to the growers it will make but
very little difference to them in the
markets, as the market price will be
higher and their profits will be as
great.as though the grower were com-
pelled to sell at a ruinously low price.
These men are not grumbling at all,
but are actually joining our associa-
The narrow-minded buyer, however,
who is selfish enough to desire success
in this business for himself only,, feels
intuitively that if the work of this as-
sociation succeeds, as: we are confident
it will, that he will be compelled to
enter the field with competitors, and
-that he could not be able to secure the
advantages he has hitherto had by
using his knowledge of the necessities
of the growers as a'means of securing
their fruit at exceedingly low prices.
Another enemy of the association is
the solicitor for commission houses,
who sees his chances of obtaining fruit
for nothing, as in years pist, is rapidly_
slipping away. ,Of course, he does
not enjoy the situation, but'expects.to
work upon the prejudices and selfish
interests of those who are weak enough
to be influenced by his seductive argu-
ments, and influence them to stay out
of an organization which has been
launched for their benefit and that of
their neighbors and the State at large.
I have information from many sec-
tions of the State that these influences
are at work, but I have sufficient con-
fidence in the growers to believe that
their good common horse sense will
prevail, and that they will not allow-
these elements to seduce them in any
way. They understand, of course,
that these are the very people who
made necessary the Orlando conven-
tion; that they are the people against
whom we are organized, and I cannot
believe that they will capitulate to the
enemy at this stage of the game; and
I think that any grower who allows
himself, either through hope of per-
sonal gain or other selfish motives, to
be induced to stay out of the organi-
zation or to urge others to withdraw
or to put the least obstacle in the path
of our success is taking upon himself a
tremendous responsibility, as it is just
such men who have in the past, and
will in the future attempt to bring fail-
ure to any organization of this kind.
I am pleased to state that very little
of this work is going on, as these people
are being watched, and I think they
will have very little success in their
efforts to again disorganize the grow-
ers. New unions are being organized
every day, and most of the old unions
are reorganizing under the plan adopt-
ed by the State convention.
M. E. GILLETT,
Oecala, June 4.
The Mistake of the Orlando Con-
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
The great variety of ideas expressed
in your columns by numerous corre-
spondents on the subject of market-
ing emphasizes the doubts entertained
by many of the feasibility of uniting
the army of big and little growers and
securing their adherence to any one
definite system. This was my pre-
diction in a former communication,,
published before the Orlando conven-
tion, based upon years of observation
as a grower and marketer of Florida
oranges, and my strongly expressed,
convictions stirred up the wrath of
friend D. W. Adams.
No one questions the wisdom -of or-
ganizing the central Growers' Associ-
ation and establishing local branches-
in every neighborhood to work with
it.' But the weak point in the Orlando-
convention was the attempt to pledge
the growers to accept, and support the
untried scheme adopted by the major-
ity for disposing of the crops through
a new and inexperienced ageridy.
Is it reasonable to ask'-the old and
well established Fruit Exchange to
step down and out and abandon its
-partially successful- system, and
to expect the hundreds of
growers who have stood. by
it for years to : give it up
for a new and doubtful organization
which with -new men must win the
confidence of growers before they
will unite on'it'?
This very' opposition to the old:
Fruit Exchange defeated the maifi
object of the Orlando Convention.
To many, this ignoring or setting aside
of the Exchange by the promoters of
that convention, seemed to indicate a
lack of wisdom and foresight which
was very discouraging. And now
comes the organization of the grow-
ers at Leesburg to carry out the plan
proposed by Mr. Mote, which is
another nail in the coffin of the Or-
The effect of the antagonism to the
Exchange displayed at Orlando has
been to largely increase subscriptions
to its stock and membership.
I believe that the Florida Fruit and
Vegetable Growers' Association must,
to accomplish its mission, eventually
unite with the Fruit Exchange as its
agent or medium for marketing crops.
As I suggested in my former letter,
and as the officers of the Exchange
itself have repeatedly proclaimed, the
organization is purely and simply
composed of the growers themselves;
it is the creature'and servant, and its
system and methods are open to mod-
ification at any time when the majori-
ty of its stockholders deem it wise to
I do not share with Mr. Sellmer his
prejudice against the auction system.
My experience shows that he is mis-
taken about the slaughter of produce
by auction sales. The different grades
are not sold together and do not bring
one price, either for quality or sizes.
On the other hand there is great dis-
crimination made by buyers, and a
wide range of prices as to quality in
every sale. The auction system was'
adopted after a thorough trial of the
old methods and its advantages!
greatly exceeded'its shortcomings. I
do not believe Mr. Sellmer's charge
of favoritism. This is one of the spe-
cious fabrications of the enemies of
the Exchange intended to frighten the
gullible and inexperienced from pat-
ronizing the growers' own original or-
ganization. We have patronized' the
Exchange more or less for years, fol-
lowing the plan proposed by Mr.
Mote, viz: sell at home or through
Without discussing these points'
iurther I venture to renew my former
suggestion, and hope brother Adams2
will not attack me for it again; that
the local unions or branches can send
delegates from' its own members who
are 'stockholders'-in the Fruit Ex-
change, instructed to use their 'proxf
ies at elections for directors that will
carry out any modifications of the
system of marketing that- seems 'wise.
to the growers. The' Exchange is
not a close corporation, nor a. hide-
bound aggregation of old fogies. It
is the Orange Growers' own organiza-
Supplementing what Mr. Stivender
says' about consigning our' produce to
commission houses and' what' these
same commission men have told 'him
as to buying direct from the growers,'
I venture to' quote from a letter from,
a buyer of'Florida oranges in a west-
ern city who is rated by Dun's
register at a capital of a million
dollars and who will not' redeiVe" fruits
onr commission. The letter is dated
May 12, 1894. The writer says :
; "The Florida orange trade is not
very satisfactory' from the fact '/,at so'
many,, are' cnigncJ. We' have not
been able to make any money to
speak of on Florida oranges. We
much prefer to handle California
oranges as none are consigned on
commission and in consequence we
buyers are put on an equal footing.
If the Florida growers would only
stop consigning they would no doubt
be able to realize more on their
These parties purchase by the car-
load, and it is ;the experience and
advice of such dealers that the grow-
ers will do well to be guided by. It
is the Mote plan that will encourage.
such buyers to increase their dealings,
and so increase the growers' profits.
W. R. HILLYER.
Washington, D. c.
Evils Remediable and Remediless.
Editor Farnier and Fruit Grower:
The discussions of the marketing
problem and the articles in connection
with it that have appeared in THE
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, since
the Orlando convention are very in--
teresting. Let us hope that the -
growers will get some benefit from the,
organization 'formed at the convention
or from the discussion of the matter;
since or from both.
But in the 'discussions at the con--
vention and since, certain thingsare
taken for granted that should not be,
and certain evils as remediable that:
perhaps are not so, and the facts.
should be very carefully looked into
before feeling to sure that the way out
has been found .from the average.
grower's trouble about the marketing
of his crop.
There is no question that transpor-
tation rates are too high. Organization
and concentration of shipments can -be
made a lever, powerful to remedy this.
But as regards the manner of selling-
and regulating shipments to avoid what
are called gluts. Those are the points
to look at, and growers should not'
shut their eyes to facts, nor allow
themselves to believe that. they have
discovered a way to help, themselves-in
regard to those two points unless it is
As regards themanner of selling,. it
is proposed by the new organization
to sell through commission houses at
private sale. There may be a reduc-
tion in commission charges on accounts
of increase in value of business fur-;
nished by the Association,, but the.
business otherwise must be done in the
'same manner as in other years. -, The.
talked-of four per cent. rate is imprac.
ticable in the estimation of common'-
sense men familiar with the expenses -
of doing business in our large cities.:
It might work with large consignments
handled rapidly at auction, but not
* Now,as to regulating the shipments
to'avoid gluts. There seems to be a
general belief among growers that the
low prices of last season were largely
owing. to gluts. This-' is. one of the7
things taken for granted, but without
evidence. As a matter'of fact, all the-
markets were liberally supplied through
the entire season, and the prices were
as high as the quantity of fruit that
had to be sold, and the decreased pur-
chasing power of the average consum-
er permitted. Prices were low largely
'for the reasons that' we had fifty-cent
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 373
wheat and seven-cent cotton at th(
A careful study of the receipts o
oranges at the main receiving point:
.each week last season will show tha
the natural movement of the crop:
could not be very much better regu
lated even if in the hands of an auto
crat. Therefore too much should no
be expected of any system of regular
tion from this end, even -were i-
Figured down then, the two evil!
remediable are too high transportation
and commission rates. The firs
should be fought against by organize
tion and concentration of shipment,
and in every other lawful way. Th(
transportation lines should recognize
the grower's right to his part of th(
pro rata as they recognize each other's.
Those who want low charges foi
selling should look into the. auction
system which is by far the most econ-
ical and speedy way of handling ,fruit
sales and on the average as advanta-
geous, to say the least, for the grower
as any other way-I mean for the
great bulk of our fruit; some growers
who have built up a trade and reputa-
tion and outlets for their 'pack" can
do better otherwise. But in a general
way and on large crops the auction is
best and can be. made much the
As to the outcry of dishonest com-
mission men I think that with present
facilities for getting information as to
reliable ones any grower being caught
by, one of the few crooked houses in
:-the business is apt to be lacking in
common sense or ordinary prudence.
In our section, the Indian river,
the quantity of oranges produced is
so small in proportion to the general
crop (from one to two per cent. of it
only) and the marketing. being done
at the end of the general shipping
season, the conditions are not. the
same that confront the great majority
of the growers.
.Therefore, I write this, not from a
local point of view, but a general one,
combining with it the experience of
twenty years as a fruit dealer and
commission man in New York before
becoming a grower and a Floridian.
PETER S; NEVINS.
S Merritt, Indian River, Florida.
We have in mind a garden made
on. one of the highest ,and .poorest
sandhills in Florida. .The owner of
Sthe place, was intelligent enough to
recognize the necessity of humus in
the soil. The ., surface soil is.,morei
than 50 per cent. humus to the depth,
Sof 18. inches, it having been, applied
m. i. the form of muck taken- from, the
edge of a lake. : In that, garden are
raised cabbage, .beets, cauliflower and
onions, varieties needing-the, highest
.-fertility for best results as well as oth-:
er varieties of :vegetables. It is done
with less than one4ourth -the amount.
of commercial fertilizers generally-
used to produce the same.:results.
This garden is also the last one to
feel the results of drouth and is in
'splendid growing condition. when,
crops in "low;- hammock, soils-., are.
--burned up. : This is a practical result.
- It is based on common-sense as .iwell-
,, scientific facts.-Florida Ruralist. ;
e Gpoe and Orchard.
Pear Blight, Iron and Sulphur.
t Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
In your issue of June 2d, "F. B.
C.," of Jackson county, misquotes me
- on the question of blight. I only care
t for the mistake as it is a question that
. I am anxious to get further informa-
t tion in regard to. If we are protected
from blight in this section it may be
because we have iron and sulphur in
our soil, and no lime.
t We have no fixed opinion on the
question. We have no blight as yet,
and Northern merchants report that
the pears from this section are excep-
Our soil is full of iron and sul-
phur and there is no lime in it.
*In short distances.around us pear
orchards are seriously injured by
Question: Has the presence of
iron and sulphur anything to do with
it ? or is it only a chance that we have
missed it so far ? Has the absence of
Slime anything to do in the matter ?
I should like to hear further from
F. B. C., of Jackson county, and I
would like extremeIy to hear from a
Washington county observer on this
I have this year a good crop of
pears and the trees, are looking re-
markably .fine, although we are :hav-
ing extremely dry weather.
My peach and plum crop is an en-
tire failure, and the trees have- not
grown as well as usual.
S. S. HARVEY.
Molino, Escambia county, Florida.
The Thrips-Insectioides, Etc.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
Can you give us the life history of
the thrips ?. its round of eggs, larvae,
the insect, its mode of action and its
depredations ? So :-far, as I have
learned its operations are ; upon or-
ange blossoms, or t e embryo fruit.
It appears to be entirely indifferent to
the insecticides at present, used, and
.the only way to destroy *.them is to
.strike *the young .insects, after ,the
manner of treating: the larvae of cod-
ling moths on apple trees,, which is
done ;by spraying the bloom or the
young apples as the blossom petals
The female codling moth flies from
.one.just formed apple to another, lays
an egg in the eye .of each until .she
has safely deposited about 300 eggs.
Then, ..her life-work being:accom-
plished, she dies. In about a week
the eggs hatch and the young, worms
bore into.the apple, etc. -
SThe -Farmers' Advocate .says,:
"Spraying- with paris. green .(one
pound to. 200 or 22.5 gallons of water)
as soon as.the petals have fallen, and
when; the apple is the size of.a.pea,
isi.the most effective .means of killing.
*the tiny worms before they have done:
The New York Weekly Tribune
-tells of a farmer whohad always had,
no faith in spraying, ,but his orchard
.,being badly infested with canker
worms, he .was, compelled' to spray.
He gave them a killing dose of, paris
;green about the time, when., the,.blos-
.soms~-.,ere. falling,, and4 thought no
more of the matter until he harvested
the apples, then his eyes were opened.
For thirty years po such fruit had
been gathered in that orchard-fair,
sound and large.
I mention these things to show how
valuable and essential paris green
spraying is to apples, and that perhaps
it might be equally so to oranges.
But I have an impression that arseni-
cal preparations have been condemned
for oranges, nor have copper solutions
Will you kindly explain why these
things so universally and effectually
used for all sorts of vegetables and
fruits are not used on orange trees?
One pound of paris green to 200
gallons of water would be 38 grains
of the poison to a gallon, an amount
too small to be at all injurious to
apple trees or fruit.
How then can it be detrimental to
our orange trees or their fruit ?
Our summer rains would wash off
every trace of the poison.
We want a spray material that is
harmless to vegetation and thoroughly
destructive to insect life.
L. H. ARMSTRONG.
St. Nicholas, Fla.
Insurance of Oranges.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower :
An idea has struck me, which I con-
sider important enough to call your at-
There are methods of insurance in
almost every business. Now, why could
we not have our oranges insured?
If -I knew. that in any event I was
certain to get so much a box for my
oranges I could rest more easily on a
night when the mercury was moving
downward. I would pimply insure
against frost, and put a uniform rate
per- box. You see it is very seldom
that the freeze strikes all over, so that
the people ;who escaped need not
grudge the helpthat would go to the
sufferers. The growers themselves
could take stock in the business, so
that they would get the benefit of any
dividend that might accrue.
It might not be advisable to make
the rate the same all over, but charge
in accordance to the liability to frost.
I will not trespass on your time-too
much, and leave it. to your judgment
as to whether the idea is valuable
enough to entitle this effusion to a
place in your paper, in which case I
would like tohear from some one abler ,
than myself in regard to the matter.
Federal Point, Fla.
A Georgia Orange Grove.
: Doubtless our. Florida contempora-
ries and readers will curl up their lips
with an incredulous smile when we
tell them that near Tifton, fully sev-
enty-five miles above the Florida and
Georgia line, there is an orange grove
of -forty or; more trees that was un-
harmed by therfreeze of March 26th.
And their smile will, become more
incredulous, when we make the further. 1
,statement that they were entirely un- f
protected. .. Nevertheless both state- .
ments are absolutely. true.
The trees are from Japan, imported,
by. Mr. W. O..Tift a:.year. ago, and t
planted..out as; an. experiment. He .
scarcely hoped to .realize anything S
from them; in fact, he fully expected
they would be killed by our severe
winters. However, they withstood
the freeze of March 26th, seemingly
with perfect defiance. They are.sup-
posed to be less than three years old,
and are now in full bloom, giving
every assurance of a full crop of well-
matured oranges in season. Mr.
Tift is not disposed ,to permit these
young trees to carry the full crop of
fruit they have put on to maturity,
and will have many of them pinched
The Gazette is watching the career
of this young orange grove with much
interest. -Tifton Gazette, April 27th.
.An Insectivorous Tree.
There is an insect-feeding plant,
the satracenia purpurea, that is, as
nearly human in its habits as the
whistling tree. The leaves uniting at
their. edges, are transformed into ele-
gant amphorae, the narrow opening
of which is surrounded by an ample
green auricle decorated with scarlet
red veins, to which the species owes
its name. Transpiration from the
leaves only takes place by their under
surface. Its leaves display a strong
mid-rib, which extends beyond the
blade, and ends in an elegant cylin-
drical, cup provided with a hinged
lid, which spontaneously opens and
closes, according to the state, of ,the
During night this lid .sinks down
and hermetically closes the little.yase,
which then fills with limpid water,
exhaled by its walls. During day, the
lid is raised and the fluid evaporates
more or less completely. Into this
cup are drawn, by some ;strange
means, myriads of insects of all kinds
that .are eaten by this plant,. and,,per-
fectly digested. The common name,
hence, is "fly-catche'r." A fluid, ex-
tract from the root is manufactured
by pharmacists,, and physicians .use it
largely in their practice as a digestor.
The root nicely washed, peeled and
chewed is used'in its crude state,. and
is pronounced by many more 'effica-
cious than that prepared more, elabo-
For the.week ending, last. Saturday
the Jacksonville, Tampa and Key
West Railroad reports having handled
about 3,000 crates of fruit so far this
season. The East Coast Route reports
handling 5,000 crates up to that date.
The fruit is now going forward in
quantity and thisweek and the coming
week will witness the shipping season
at its height. Both railroads have
made special arrangements for hand.
ling the fruit and they are givin-, the
shippers fast service. The J., T,. &
K. W. R'y runs. a "pineapple train"
to northern points with the ,following
schedule: Jacksont ille. 9,',hours,' Sa-
vannah 21 hours;.New York, 2y4 days;
Cincinnati, 34. days; Chicago, 34
days and St. Louis, 3f days. Ar-
rangements have also been, nadewith
:he California Fruit Express: company
or the.use of their cars in the ipine-
ipple',traffic. :These pars w.ere::used
extensively in Florida during :the,, or-
ange season and gave general satisfac-
:ion. -The cars can-be..used: either as
,refrigerator or ventilator.-Titusyille
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE PIONEER FERTILIZER FACTORY OF FLORIDA.
- Manufacturers of -
- I-mport .... 0 L-EMIIZR& ...HOSHA- ....
Sulphate Potash U ITABLE FOR OB-
rom GeRADnE -- 1 ^ SUITABLE FOR OR-
_-- -- ANGE TREES, Peach
IGH GRADE SULPHATE Trees, Strawberries,
go-95 per cent. $46.oo per ton. P- -- -- Pineapples.
DOUBLE MANURE SALT
48-55 per cent. Sulphate Potash
$27.oo per ton, free on board cars
Also large buyers of
REvnj Kind of
Write for a -
I East Bay Street,
r 0VIE 1D '1RI Ii(Er
Propagating Tomatoes by Cut-
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
I note an article in last issue of your
paper entitled "Tomatoes from Cut
tings." If you think it worth publish-
ing you may give my experience to
On May io, in pruning a tomato
plant, I decided to experiment on
cuttings and set them in sand. On
May 20, just ten days, they were well
rooted and were potted in milk cans.
On May 16 the roots had filled the
can and the plants were put out. in the
open ground. To-day, June 4, they
are strong, healthy plants, every cut-
ting put out rooted.
I keep a box of clean sand, all im-
purity washed out, on a latticed ver-
anda where it is partially shaded in
which these cuttings were rooted.
They were kept well watered. All
surplus water 'will run through and
the bottom of the box should be open
enough to allow this. The cuttings
should be of tender vigorous growth,
so much so that they will break on
bending,, and should be cut with a
very sharp knife, for a dull knife
bruises. The idea that a cutting must
be cut near a joint is wrong. Half
way between joints is better. I have
cuttings with only one leaf that rooted'
and grew off as well as those with two
or more joints.
The leaves are essential to root
formation and should not be pruned
Cowpeas and Crimson Clover.
That Southern land which has been
"run" pretty hard: can be easily and
cheapily brought up to a state of fer-
tility was shown by a $25 prize essay
on restoring fertility, printed in a
Northern' paper last winter. The
writer of it emigrated from Ohio to
Alabama in 1889. Here is his state-
ment: -"'I took charge of sixty acres
upon which an ox, a niule and a famia
ly of six negroes were gradually starv-
ing to death. The yield of the place
then was one bale of cotton, fifteen
barrels of corn and a few yams. I'
proceeded to fill the soil with plant-
food by growing and turning under
cowpeas and crimson clover. My first
crop of cotton was planted on pea vines
that had died on the ground and been
'turned under. My first crop of corn
was fed on the decayed roots of crim-
son clover. I started in with four head
of stock and $300. There are now on
the place ten good milch cows and four
mules. Last year the farm produced
twenty bales of cotton, over i,ooo
bushels of corn and fodder for the
stock,.x,500 pounds of butter, and the
net profit of all was almost $i,ooo."-
N. Y. Tribune.
The Wastage of Corn.
It has been shown conclusively by
Professor Jerdon that the fodder of
an average acre of field corn has over
300 more units of food value than the
grain husked from them; and the re-
sults of many feeding trials point to
the fact that the corn crop husked
and the cornmeal and fodder fed as
judiciously as possible, never equals
that of a like amount put into the silo
or cured in nice shocks, then run,
ears and all, through a cutter and fed,
as in the case of silage, without sepa-
The above, taken from the agricul-
tural columns of the N. Y. Tribune,
simply serves to show the wastage of
corn which takes place under our
present system in Florida, without
pointing out any effectual remedy.
We do not advocate the silo for the
extreme South, because green feed
can be grown through the winter so:
easily and cheaply. And the saving
and storing of corn fodder in a dry
condition is greatly interfered with by
the rainy' season. -
The fact of the matter is, oats are
a better crop than corn. The State
statistics show that the grain product
is worth nearly a dollar per acre more
than corn. Oats are harvested before
* the rainy season begins, and if- care
was used irr cutting at the proper
stage of ripeness'the straw could be,
made as valuable as the corn-leaves,
acre for acre, if not more so. Besides,
oats are a far better food.grain for a
debilitating climate like that of Flor-
ida, than corn. Oatmeal will make
children's cheeks rosy, while corn-
bread makes them yellow.
A Poor Man's Complaint.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
Having come from Wisconsin a lit-
tle less than three years ago to try my
fortune in the South, and not as yet
being k subscriber to your valuable
paper but having access to a file of it
for i891,which interests me very much
(as I have ten acres of fairly good
pine land all set to oranges, peaches
and pears, none of which are in bear-
ing except the peaches and a few
oranges), and being obliged to work
for others a part of the time in order
to live and support my family, I desire
to reply to an article headed "Indus
trious Help Wanted." over the signa
ture of W. E. Driscoll, Manatee, Fla.,
January 15th, 1891.
First. I want to ask Mr. Driscoll if
he was ever obliged to work out by
the day in the country, or starve ? If
so, which does he prefer, fourteen or
fifteen hours labor in this broiling sun,
throughout the summer months, for
the paltry sum of seventy-five cents,
and board yourself, or go hungry? I
put in eighteen months in Citrus
county, and that was the rule there,
when you could get any work, which
was seldom. And the same rule ap-
plies here-work from sun rise to sun
set, with only one hour to eat your
corn cake and bacon lunch, and catch
your breath, then at it again. I
I don't know whether Mr. D. is a
native or a Northerner, but I find no
difference between Cracker and
Northerner with respect to hired
help, so far as my observation goes ;
they all want to squeeze a poor wretch
out of a few hours' work, which they
have no right to ask for under the
law which says ten hours reasonable
service constitutes a legal day's work.
Ten hours in summer is all they ask
or expect at the North, and from $i
to $1.25 and up is the wages per day
for common labor.
When the South offers proper in-
ducements and lawful and. reasonable
hours, then, and not until then, will
she get laborers from the North, ex-
cept an occasional unfortunate, like
ourselves. Myself and son, a young
man capable and willing to do a fair
day's work, labor for the small wage
of seventy-five cents, which will not
buy as much provision, or anything a
poor man needs, as fifty cents will buy
at the North.
As before intimated, it is difficult for
us to get work at all. If a white man
needs help he will employ a colored
man in preference to a white man, let-
ting the poor white man starve, for
aught he cares. Nor will they put
themselves out the least bit to accom-
modate a stranger, even though a close
neighbor; at least we have found it so,
and I have talked with others similarly
situated, and they claim the same neg-
lect from those able to lend a helping
hand to the less fortunate, not: even
giving us work if they can find a nig-1
ger: And why is it ? Probably be-
cause they can get from one to four
hours extra labor over and above a
legal day's work out of a poor igno-
rant black and no kicking.
No, no; Mr. D. don't ask me to try
to induce my Northern friends to come
South in pursuit of labor. Better re-
marin North' and freeze in winter than,
come here and fry in summer, and kill
one's-self in this hot sun for next to
nothing a day and a half, which counts
but a day, in this century-behind/
country. J. J. SNYDER.
Archer, Fla;, June 5, 894 .
Doubtless the good people of'Arch-
er will be able to reply to Mr. Snyder.
But he is certainly in error as to
western farm wages. On a rich river"
farm in Ohio, to our personal knowl-,
edge, the highest wages paid is $ 8.,a
month with a garden and a pasture.
for one cow gratis, which is 69 cents
a day. We fear that a streak of 'bad"
luck has made Mr. Synder misan-
-John Schlappi says there are no
white flies in the. Davis ,& Pinney
groves, as he. has thoroughly exter-
minated them in these three groves.--
CoastGazette. -. :....-.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
T r.4-_ ... .
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Queries About Muck.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
I write for information on the fol
I have two muck marshes, one of:
perhaps, one hundred. acres, one o
fifteen. I must drain the small on(
first, as the ditch from Lake Conwa)
passes through it to the larger one.
Have now the smaller one drained
and about one-third of it plowed. ]
plowed around the marsh in a circular
form. Two thirds of what I have
plowed is semi muck; that is, much
wash mingled with sand. Now to m)
1. Have I not enough of nitrogen ir
this muck soil, and would not some
high grade potash and Florida phos
phate be the proper fertilizer for Irisl2
and sweet potatoes? If you have som(
agricultural bulletins showing experi-
ments with potash on Irish and sweel
potatoes, will you kindly state whale
form of potash has been the most suc-
cessful for Irish and what form foi
sweet potatoes ?
2. Is the bud worm that works or
the growing cornstalks the same worm
that attacks the end of the growing
3. What are the best insecticides for
these corn worms ?
BEAR HEAD MARSH.
Orange County, Fla.
1. The weight of testimony from
the experiment stations is in favor ol
sulphate of potash for both sweet and
Irish potatoes-say 400 pounds per
acre of a 50 per cent article. It is
quite possible that even more would
be advisable on your raw and proba-
bly very "sour" muck. The muri-
-ate is a slightly cheaper form per unit
of potash, but it is considered that it
,affects injuriously the flavor and con-
sistency of the tubers. It is doubtful
if an application of Florida phosphates
would benefit the crop much. Even
bone dust, the highest form of phos-
phoric acid, has little effect on pota-
toes in most Florida soils.
2. We cannot answer with certain-
ty. If you will send us samples of
the two we will have them identified.
3. Good results have been attained
by the use of Paris green-a tea-
spoonful to a bucket of water-a lit-
tle of the water being dropped down
into the whorl of the cornstalk. On
the ear an'application of Paris ,green
i would be risky; here a sulphur solu-
S'tion insecticide would be advisable.
B. BF. Moody is in the city to day to
get lumber to erect a building at the
* mouth of the Little Manatee river,
which he will use for a cannery. He
has ordered a canning plant that will
put up 2,500 cans per day, and part
- of it is already here., He expects to,
have the cannery in operation in about
three weeks, and will keep it running
the.year round canning fruit, fish and
) :oysters. He will do business under
the name of the Gulf City Canning Co.
.This is an industry that has a great
future in Florida, and thousands of
dollars worth of produce and fruit go
to waste annually in our fields for want
of a home market.--Tampa Times.
: Idigestion and Stomach disorders, take
BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
Ahlldealers keep It, 1 per bonttle. Genulnehas
tde-mark and crossed red Unm on wrappu.
Amounts of gold and silver coin and
certificates, United States notes and Ns-
tional Bank notes in circulation May 1,
1893 and 1894, respectively:
oia 0'i co o o' 2
COCoCoT-0COOr4' -cO N =
M-. o10 COD CO J, 0
CO M 0C> -,f, t
00000 00 SOO -
C1XO'- ccOC O CO
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U0 llt4 1-1 M1-iIDO r-1
Population of the United States May
1, 1893, estimated at 66,706,000; circula-
tion per capital, $23.97. May 1, 1894;
estimated at 68,158,000; circulation per
The report of the county auditor of
Orange county for the month of May
is a most gratifying one and it should
be a source of great satisfaction to the
county commissioners through whose
wise administration the present excel-
lent financial condition of old Orange
has been brought about. This report
shows that every cent of the county's
indebtedness has been paid and a cash
balance of $3,048.00oo remained in the
hands of the county treasurer on June
'ist. This fine showing is all the
more gratifying when it is known that
the handsome and substantial brick
court house, which now occupies the
,square where formerly stood the old
frame apology for a county building,
is the property of the county without
a single cent of debt hanging over it.
-Orlando Reporter. .
Edited by E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.
Science in Poultry Raising.
So much has been said and written
of late years in regard to the care of
poultry that it would seem that the
industry might now be reduced to a
science. Entirely too much of the
various farm products put upon the
markets are really unfit for human
food and are 'detrimental to health'
because they have not been produced
in harmony with science and the nat-
ural law. No other marketable pro-
duct shows this more than the quality
of poultry found in the markets. We
quote the following items from the
Progressive Farmer. The flavor of
eggs depends very much on the kind
of food given to the poultry. When
hens are led largely or almost exclu-
sively on milk the-yolk is lighter in
color, the white has a milky look and
whole egg is watery and less firm in
texture than those laid by grain-fed
hens. The taste of the egg is also
affected, being insipid and unsatisfac-
tory when boiled or porched and less
fine for cooking purposes even. There
is no use in saying that the idea of
the quality of the eggs being influ-
enced by the food of the hens is a
mere whim, since it is a well-known
fact that the eggs 6f fowls kept in the
neighborhood of the sea and fed
almost entirely on fish-taken as they
come, embracing the strong and oily
as well as the more delicate sorts-
have "an ancient and fish-like" taste,
if not "smell," and eggs coming from
those regions sell for less in the mar-
ket in some instances than those corn
ing from districts further inland. The
reasons why hens fed on "slops" of
milk, etc., are able to give no better
eggs to their owners is because the
"old, old story" is repeated in their
case. You demand "the tale of
brick" of your servants but you give
them no straw to make them with.
Curd hardly comes under the head of
milk, and there is little danger of
having it in large quantities to offer to
your fowls. It contains all the best
and most nutritious' portions of the
milk without its objectionable watery
qualities. But the true feed for lay-
ing "fowls is one-third or one-quarter
Indian corn, ground or otherwise, and
oats or wheat together with milk or
whatever scraps from the house are
obtainable and as much green vegeta-
ble food as they will eat; and with
these combined and fed properly your
eggs will be of the true gold and
silver stamp, when the cook's fire has
refined them and prepared them as a
relish for your breakfast table.
A writer in a Western paper says
that among the needs of the poultry
keeper he "must have a nose." He
should be able to tell when the poultry
house is filled' with impure air in the
morning, and when the space under
the roosts. ought to be cleaned out;
when the dough to be given hens or
chickens has become too sour to be
fed to them; when there are rotten
eggs in the nest or in the incubator;
when there is roup among the fowl in
BLACK ESSEX HOGS
Are the best for the far South;.
Write for Circulars. .
INgUBATORS & BROODERS
Broodsrm oaly Best and ohepeut for
raltaog chlcks; 40 flrst premiLams I 8.O
terlmomiak ; eend tor cataloguo.
G. S. SINGER, Box 28, Cardlngton. a.
the house, or when the brooder needs
It is a very well written article,. but
a man who had not the sense of smell
ought to know how often to clean out
under the hen roosts, or to cleanse the
floor of the brooder. He ought also
to have his hen house so well venti-
lated all the year that there would be
no impure air in it, and he certainly
has no good excuse for mixing up
dough for hens or chickens so long
before it is needed by them as to allow
it to get sour. We should prefer to
risk our poultry under the care of a
man who could not smell anything than
with one who needed to be reminded
by his nose when it was time to clean
It may be all right to speak of the
Leghorns and Black Spanish as non-
sitters or everlasting layers, but we
never have had as much trouble in
getting hens to sit and stay upon
the nest in a new place as we have
had with Plymouth Rocks when less
than two years old. Nor have we
ever had any others to begin laying
after hatching out a brood, and being
allowed to run with them, before the
chickens were two weeks old, as ours
have done this year and did last year
and yet they are confined in small
yards, get mostly grain food, with a
little grass and a few weeds, and pos-
sibly a few worms when the boys can
find time to provide them. -
Some people think that one hen
can take care of 30 or 40 chickens.
So she may, but what kind of care is
it ? We should prefer to take them
away from the hen entirely, and give
them to a brooder, which our neighbor
calls a white pine hen, for a mother,
than to put over 20 chickens with a
hen, and we thihk 15 is enough.
Larger broods may run with one hen,
and live through it, if well looked
after, and so they will if they have no
hen at all with them, but if they are
not looked after by some one better
than the hen can look out for more
than a dozen chickens, they are apt
t6 come to grief. When our time is
not as valuable as that of the hen, we
may put 40 chickens with one hen,
and then try to help her take care of
376 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Our Rural oome.
A sour orange grove known to be
nearly a hundred years old near Ponce
Park was completely destroyed by be-
ing overflowed with salt water last
September.-Eustis Lake Region.
Mr. Phil. Youmans came in from the
Big Cypress on Tuesday night He is
enclosing a big pasture in the Big Cy-
press, fencing about twenty-five square
miles, but as two sides are already
fenced by other pastures, he will only
have to build seven miles of fence.
The pasture is for Parker Brothers, of
Arcadia, who are now bringing over
1o,ooo head of cattle.-Tropical News.
Sheriff John A. Pearce is just har-
vesting a fine crop of silver-skin onions
from a half-acre in his garden. The
yield was at the rate of about 300
bushels to the acre. As they lie on the
ground, turned out by a light furrow
made by a small garden plow, they
make a sight worth going far to see. The
surface of the ground looks like a cot-
ton patch in September. Mr. Pearce
is shipping to Carrabelle and other
points, and will make quite a handsome
sum on his crop.-Tallahasseean.
Mr. W. J. Nesbitt has commenced
shipping his Porto Ricos. They are
turning out finely, running 18 to 20 to
the crate. The plants are fruiting
about 50 per cent., which old growers
say is extraordinary for this variety.
Many plants have eight and ten fine
slips and from one to three suckers.
The patch of about 1,000 is an un-
usually even stand, and many of the
plants are six inches higher than the
four-foot fence, surrounding them, and
overlap in the rows, which are three
feet apart. -This lot of plants is a*
direct contradiction of the widely.
spread report that artesian water is'
injurious to pines, as they have had a
heavy flooding from one to three
times a week during the dry weather
and no fertilization since blooming
but lumps of potashr.M Nesbitt is
planting all his slips and suckers this
Capt. T. T. Eyre has for the past
seven years been experimenting with.
the citron tree, believing that as good
an article could be produced here for
Commercial purposesas .the imported
fruit. He had tried all varieties .of
this, tree .that he could, secure in this
State and from foreign countries, but
-none of these gave satisfaction.,-Three
-years ago he secured a tree from. the
Island of .Corsica and planted it, on
his place across the river. This,
morning the Captain brought into our
office as fine a sample of cured citron,
grown on this tree, as. we have, ever,
tasted. It has passed through the
peculiar process required to convert it
into the citron of commerce,. until .i
now has thatrich, flavor so. desirable
in this fruit. Captain Eyre is nowi
budding extensively from this tree, as;
he is convinced that he has the right
thing, and when it is considered tha'
2,000,000 pounds of citron are annu-
ally imported into the United States.
.upon which a heavy duty must be
.paid, it can readily be seen that the
growing of this fruit is certain to prove
very satisfactory.-Ft. Myers News.
Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS,
St. Thomas, Fla.
Aunt Fanny's letter and lecture are
replete with good suggestions, which
those intending to build would do
well to heed; of course, taking into
consideration the fact that different
sections of Florida are subject to dif-
ferent climatic conditions. (West
Florida might with more propriety be
called North Florida.)
I had hoped when this subject was
broached to have had frequent con-
tributions from those "to the manner
born," but Floridians have been slow
in assisting in our dilemma.
As to the Northerners believing
they know it all-really Aunt
Fanny is mistaken in her esti-
mate. We want to learn and
are learning, (some of us in the
dear school of experience,) how to
live well and comfortably in Florida.
I include myself, being northern born
-if I may be permitted this personal
reference-though my residence has
never since girlhood been north of
the-now happily obsolete-line of
Mason and Dixon.
It cannot be too often repeated that
large rooms, with plenty of doors and
windows, and open fireplaces, are the
principal things to consider in build
ing, if the best results as to.health and
happiness, are to be gained, from
living in the finest of. climates-that
I am. very sure the word "Cracker",
has never been used as an "offensive
term" in the columns of Our.Ruralf
Home. No doubt it is sometimes em
played in.a jocular manner;. but our
readers and contributors have .too
much respect for the feelings of others!
to indulge in epithets which, no mat-
ter how innocent, mighttouch, in an'
unguarded moment, a sensitive.chord.
I can .say this of both 'Northern and'
Southern. members of this home-cir-
, We all agree that those whose lives
have been passed here, 'know best
how to make the most of., its, many
pleasures, and ward off the few dis-
comforts that exist in this climate.'
Glad, therefore, that "Aunt Fanny"
smoothed down .her ruffled feathers
and wrote -her, letter, which I trust
,will not be the last from her pen,
even if we may have to take another
-lecture" with it. ED. O. R. -H.
Houses in Florida.
For our Rural Home.
- Do you know that if, you do not
want something of a lecture. on, the
building of houses in the South, by.
an old Floridian to your new comers
you ought not to keep asking for,sug-,
gestions. Just say to. your friend
Mlarv-she does not want a log house
at, all. I am ,not a "cracker'' as we,
West Florida people understand that
offensive term, and it turned my
featl'ers all the wrong way at "first,
but I considered the 'source' and
cooled dcin,' and though I would
give you the benie-t of my experience
Log houses were pioneer necessities
when my father built one here in
------------ ____ I
1839. Boards for floors had often to
be sawed by hand, and it was not ex-
pedient to procure lumber in that way
for as large houses as the wealthy
class of pioneers needed. I never saw
an artistic, one, and how to render
one so, is a problem yet to be solved
without a greater outlay of money
than would be required for a better
looking frame, house. Now I shall
begin my lecture : The reason you
Northern people have so much
of discomfort in your Southern homes
is that you don't know how to build
them, and if any body tells you how,
you think because that is not the way
it is done "up North" it is not worth
considering. It is like an old orange
grower said once. He had just re-
turned from town, where a fresh lot
of Northern men had arrived a day
or two before: "I have just learned
how to cultivate, pack and sell
oranges ; the very information we all
need so much. There is a fellow just
cqme down from the North, two or
three days ago, and he knows more
about the whole matter than the whole
lot of us who have been at it for
It is easy for us to understand why
your houses would not suit us; you
don't give yourselves room enough,
nor windows enough, and last and
largest, not chimneys and fireplaces
enough. I would no more think of
occupying a bed-room, long at a
.time, without a fireplace, than with-
out windows. Chimneys -cool and
ventilate rooms as nothing else will.'
IMy mother never .allowed two days
of rainy or very damp weather
to pass without a fire at
night or early in the evening in every
occupied room in her house, and we
,had seven fireplaces to four chimneys..
My father had a little fire, two or three
pieces of lightwood (pine), which made
a sufficient draft to take all the damp-
.ness and thoroughly ventilate the room
by sending it all up the chimney. This
was done everynight, no matter how
hot the weather. The doors and win.
dows were .wide open while the fire
burned, -unless it was rainy or damp.
It was a health measure. He and
mother lived to be quite old without
the aches and pains to which old peo-
ple are so often subject. Then, again,
we Southern folks like, large rooms,
sixteen by eighteen feet is none too
large, though one.can.put.up with six-
teen feet square,- if .the rooms have
three or four good.sized windows.
When the sun shines on one side of
the room draw the blinds together and
you can sit in comfort oni the other
side, as the room is not heated through.
I have been about in Northern people's
houses and seen, sleeping rooms no
larger than my drawing room, and that
'is only ten, by foutee 'feet. Again,
you build houses too low as a general
thing--twelve feet from floor to r ceiling
is not too much, though one can ex-
ist with much less Our, halls, run-
ning through the center of the houses,
aie from ten all the way up to sixteenn
feet wide, .as a' general thing. They
close at each end :with folding 'doors
and side lights. Piazzas, as we South-
ern folks call them, are expensive
luxuries if largely indulged, and give
too much the appearance of a shel-
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Pq.y;.er
Most Perfect Made.
Highest Honors-World's Fabll
MOST PERFECT MADE.
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. mee
from Ammonia, Alum or any otheradulterant
40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
tered barn, with stalls for stock. A
veranda in front, or a porch, especi-
ally if the house face the south or east
as we all prefer, is desirable, also a
porch on the north side, where one can
always dodge the sun. If upstairs
bed rooms are not objectionable.. A
hall eight feet wide running through
one side of the house with a porch-at
each end, and doors opening into two
or more rooms on one side the hall,
with windows and blinds on the op-
posite side, is a very good arrange-
ment. The upstairs to correspond
with the lower part except.the porches
can be left off, and so much of the
upper hall as is not needed for a pass
way can be used as bath and dressing
room or store room for truniksand other
things. Plan your houses as, you will
but make your rooms large enough
and put chimneys in. Just thiAi' of
going from a comfortably warm sit-
ting room into a bed-room on a damp
chilly night that has never had a re-
freshing, purifying fire in it since it
was built, and to sleep there all.night.
It is enough .to give one'la grip'pe,
rheumatism or neuralgia,' if nothing
worse. This is one fruitful source of
catarrh in my opinion. ,
The cause of the cracking of plas-
ter with us is not on account of the
sandy foundation of our houses, "for
we have not your shifting sands and
wehaveblrick or stone pillars under-
neath. The lumber of which 'most
houses are built is green, seassoiied,
and when it dries the shrinkage
causes the house, to settle- and' the
plaster to crack. The Sciehtific
American says it is the black dust
contained in the sand. mixed with the
mortar, and if the sand is taken from
a running stream or well %washed, it is
not likely to break.
Our native yellow pine' curls very
beautifully.until age turns it dark.
. One of the most beautifully ceiled
rooms I ever saw is in the' hotel built
out in the bay at Port Tampa, and it
is all yellow pine. -
- If I haire .said, anything in this
rambling epistle that will be useful I
shall be satisfied and' if -not, why an
old.lady has had her.say.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ~77
is the cause of nine-tenths of
all human ailments. The most
painful diseases, the most dis-
figuring complaints have their
-origin in an impure condition oqf
the blood, which was neglected
blood are everywhere-on the
street, in the cars owe, in tor
resu I ts.
street, in the cars, in factories
and on farms. But bad blood is
not incurable. No one need
despair. There is a medicine
which makes pure, healthy
,blood and cures. Brown's
.Iron Bitters should be taken
regularly and faithfudly by
those whose blood is in an im-
pure, thin,. diseased condition.
Consli alion and biliousness
vanish and the entire system is
renewed. If won't stain the letek.
REMEMBER, THAT SUB-
6TITUTES ARE FRAUDS. That's the
IT IS TO YOUR INTEREST
TO O1O0K TOR THE TWo
CROSSED RED LI.ES .ON Genuine.
',BR6WN CHEMICAL: CO. BALTIMORE, MD
of the corsets which are so rapidly
impairing the health and vitality of
our women and thus aiding in the
destruction of the native American
race, should be prohibited. We men
are responsible for the continuance of
these evils unrestrained, for we only
hold the right to vote for our legisla..
tors. Let our girls and women cast
away their corsets and tight dresses-
they will feel "all gone" for a time;
stand up as erect as possible, repeat
edly draw in a full breath and expand
their lungs to their utmost capacity
many times a day, and they will re-
ceive renewed vitality, strength,
health and beauty, and our native race
may yet be preserved from the threat-
This article has been written for no
one periodical, but copies of it will
be sent to the leading periodicals of
our country with the hope that their
editors will feel a sufficient interest in
the welfare and happiness of the
women of our land, and in the future
of the native American people, to
give it an insertion, and thus place it
before their readers; for if our race is
ever to be elevated from its present,
state of suffering, sorrow and evil, it
must and will be done largely through
the influence of the press.
The manner of making a rose bed
by the devotees of this grand old queen;
of flowers here in Ormond by digging
out a few feet of the soil and filling in
refuse from the woodpile and the like,
and putting a foot or less of rich soil.
on top, is all right, and if one has.
plenty of water and a good place close.
to the east side of the house, with a
wind protection from the north and
east not over 0oo feet away, and the
The Great Evil of the Age-No. III. east not over x teeth away, and the
roses are planted not over two feet;
Dr. D. Benjamin, in an illustrated apart (closer would be better), and not
article in the Annals of Hygiene-a too heavily fertilized, and only the
journal of health-after earnestly call- blind aad dead wood trimmed away,,
ing attention to "the commercial view they can have elegant roses about every.
of style in women's clothing," and month in the year. Their being close.
in speaking of the "relation of the together, and the protection given by
waist to diseases of women," says: the building from' the afternoon sun,
"The human body contains no use- will enable them to stand the long,
less space. The organs contained trying summer, and all good hardy
within the body are of the proper kinds grow, bloom and do well for at
size, and cannot be increased or di least three years. If planted in the
finished in size without impairing open, with no sun protection, .hev will
'their functions and causing their utter probably give more and better roses
ruin. Nor can they be displaced in the winter, but if left there during
without injury. These are facts ad. the summer many of the choicest kinds
mitted by anatomists, physiologists, will be-of no use by the nextfall. Or
-and physicians." Again he says: course, this 'applies only to the land
"The evil effects of the publication just around here. Land that has, a
in the fashion columns of the maga- clay subsoil is more suited to the rose
.ziines of such illustrations as we have and does not get to such a temperature
in Fig. i, consist mainly, perhaps, in the summer. In. fact, any richV
in its educating the eyes of young cold, poorly drained 'land here will
-women to a false model, inclining summer a rose in gpod- shape.-Or
,haem to believe this is the ideal, their mond Gazette.
constant enorts to attain which result
so disastrously to their health. The M. E. Gillett, manager of the ManL
printing of such cuts, being so great atee Lemon Compan and secretary
an insult to the intelligence and taste of the Florida Fruit '& 'Vegetablei
of humanity, as well as disastrous to Growers' Association, 'eft last 'night
health, should be prohibited." for his home at Weirsdale.' Mr. Gil-
If there, are any evils in the world lett returned yested'aY from Manatee,
Which' should be prohibited by legal where he concluded the purchase of
enactments, surely the painting, en- too acres more land for the Mlanatee
graving, pub lic exhibition, and print- Lenimon Company, which they vill set
ing and circulating through our peri- out in lemons. They, have "2,00oo0
odicals andmails ofsuch false and trees flow, and will increase their
perverted representations of the female grove to 50,000 trees this seaso6n.---
form, and the manufacture and sale Tampa Times.
PEIESKIA ACULEATA.-I have repeat-
edly been asked how to prepare the lemon
vine, or Barbadoes gooseberry leaves for
table use. For the benefit of new readers
of Our Rural Home, I repeat some of the
FOR GREENS-Boil the leaves with a
small piece of salt pork, or in salted wa-
ter simply: dressing with butter, salt and
pepper, or with bacon drippings, when
drained and dished for the table. Other
kinds of greens may be cooked with
them; curly-leaved dock and poke-
though this latter plant should be par-
boiled, always, before the meat is put
with it, and the tough or larger leaves
and stalks, all discarded. The tender
sprouts and leaves of poke make excellent
greens, and are beneficial, medicinally,
in spring, as are dandelions.
SALAD-Take the leaves of the lemon
vine, wash, (they seldom need any pick-
ing over, but as will be found, each one
has to be picked separately from the
stalk,) boil a cup of vinegar, tablespoon-
ful of butter, pinch of salt, and a little
pepper, or pod of red pepper, together,
and pour over the leaves. A beaten egg
is an improvement. A cold salad may
be'made by pouring cold vinegar or lem-
on juice, with salt and pepper, over the
young and tender leaves. The tender
sprigs or terminal branches of the vines
may also be used. When Pereskia Acu-
leata is grown in partial shade; it is near-
ly all tender; but the twig ends will be
found especially so.
If any one knows other methods of
serving them, it will be a favor conferred
if*she will send the recipes.
HoME MADE VINEGAR.-Vinegar is an:
article in constant use in our kitchens,
yet how few know how to keep the6
vinegar jar filled without sending to the!
grocery! We have never bought a gal-'
lon since living in Florida, nor did I ever
make any before coming. Years ago,
however, I read a recipe in Home a,.J
Farm, and treasured it in my mind f:ir a
time of need. *The following is not;
word for word, but is about as I make the
article; and I am never without. Take a
pint of shelled corn, boil in a gallon of
water, then sweeten the water with white
or brown sugar; pour all together in a jar
or pitcher, tie a piece of thin muslin over;
the top and keep in a warm place.i
When strong,'which will be in a week or
two, the fluid may be poured into an-
other pitcher or jar, and the first one
filled up with sweetened water, the orig-
inal corn will last for months.
There is more Catarrh in this sec
tion of the country than all other
diseases put together, and' until the
last few years was supposed to be in.
curable. For a great many years
'doctors pronounced it a local disease,
and prescribed local remedies, and by
constantly failing to cure with local
treatment, pronounced it incurable.
Science has proven catarrh to be a
constitutional disease' and therefore
requires constitutional treatment.
Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by
F. J.. Cheniey & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
is the only constitutional cure on th.
market. ;It is taken internally in
dds'es from 10 drops to a teaspoonful!
It acts directly on the blood and muL
cous surfaces of the system. They
offer one hundred dollars for any case
it fails 'to cure. Send for circulars
and testimonials. Address,
F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
r- Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Eight thousand dozen pineapples
,were gathered and shipped week be.
fore last from Key Largo, ear Key
The Weather Bureau Observer in
Texas writes in the Galveston News:
There have been some studies of the
periodic fluctuation of rainfall made
by Professor Bruckner, of Berne, and
published at Vienna, Austria, in 1891.
He found that there existed about
thirty-year periods; that is, it is about
thirty years from the occurrence of one
maximum of rainfall until the occur-
rence of the next, and that the mini-
mum of rainfall occurs about midway
between the times of occurrence of
maximum rainfall. In the present
century the time of occurrence of
maximum (heaviest) rainfall was 1815,
1846-50 and 1876-80; and the periods
of occurrence of minimum (smallest)
rainfall were 1831-35 and 1861-65.
According to the above deductions
the next period of minimum rainfall
would be 1890-95, through which we
are now passing, after which there will
be, if the periods above hold good, an
increase in rainfall until 1910-15, after
,which there will be a decrease for fif-
teen years and then an increase for fif-
teen years, and so on in this manner..
As per promise of last week we,
give the tarpon record for the. season
of 1894, in this issue. Our readers
pan see at a glance almost what a big
affair it is. The names of fishermen
from all over the United States, and
in fact, from European countries, ap-
pear in the list. Fort Myers' reputa-
tion as a tarpon fishing center is world
wide and is easily the greatest fishing
groundss for that fish, ever discovered.
The catch this year numbered 416.-
Fort Myers Press.
Mr. Emory Johnson is hauling de-
cayed sea. moss for fertilizer. We
thought as a load passed that it was a
strong fertilizer.-Manatee Advocate.
for your a
'Any size you want, 20 *'
to 56 in. high.- Tires 1
to 8 m.wide-hubs to
fit any axle. Saves
Cost many times in '
a season to have set
of low wheels to fit --
your wagon for hauling -
grain, fodder, manure, -
.hogs, *oi No resetting of i
tires. Oatl'g free. Address-.
EMPIRE IFPG. CO.,
S Qulincy, Iii.
1 RAILROAD ORDERS IN 1 DAYS.
Five ,: V4em ca l-;id. o.f rten miles each, four
ew customers, three old. Coming just about
ghtitha.nk you. If Railroad businesarlpened
,ben our big farm trade was on. even
Elasticity" wouldn't save" us. While 'duly
iankful for these favors, we go right on
doubling our capacity for next year.
AGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich.
Write for Catalogue and price lis."'
JENNINGS' NUSY CO.,
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
378 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
For One Year ............................... 2.00
For Six Months ........................ ..... L.o
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00
a;rSubscriptions in all cases cash in
advance. No discount allowed on one's
own subscription (except in a club), but to
all agents a liberal cash commission will
be allowed on all subscriptions obtained
by them. Write for terms.
To every new subscriber we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden-
ing in Florida." For two new sub-
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send,
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange
Rates of advertising on application.
Remittances should be made by check,
potal note, money order or registered
better to order of
FABMER AJ2 -VRUXIT GROWBER
If you receive a copy of this
paper which you did not order,
consider it an invitation to sub-
scribe. If you do not want it,
kindly hand it to a neighbor.
MARKExrNG--Fruit Exchange, Address of
President Fairbanks ...... ............... 371
Notes of Progress; Mistake of the Orlando
Convention; Evils Remediable and Rem-
ediless.............................. .. 372
GnOVB AND ORCHARD-Pear Blight, Iron and
Sulphur; The Thrips and Insecticides;
Insurance on Oranges; A Georgia Orange
Grove; An Insectiverous Tree ..:........ 373
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Propagating Toma-
toes by Cuttings, Cowpeas and Crimson
Clover; The Wastage of Corn, A Poor
Man's Complaint ................... 374
Queries About Muck; Financial............ 375
POULTRY-Science in Poultry Raising; Barred
Plymouth Rocks; Points on Poultry...... 375
OUR RURAL HOME-Editorial; Houses in
Florida....... ..................... 376
Great Evil of the Age; Rose Culture; Recl-
\ pes ...... ................ ............. 377
aDITORIAL-High Prices for Fruit; Must Take
the Field; Foreign Commerce of Florida;
State Fertilizer Law ............ ...... 378
Markets; Auction Sales ................ 379
Production of Bananas; Free Berry Crates;
Business Notices....... .................. 380
Moveable Hothouses ...... ................ 381
Weather and Crops; Exodus Heading for
Florida ............ ....................... 382
Weather in Jacksonville.
June 6 ..... ..
June 8 .........
June 9 .........
June Io .....
June i ......... .
Mean........ 76 c
E. R. DEMAIN, Observer.
An exemption of $4,000 under the
proposed National income tax repre.
sents an accumulation of $80,000 at
the rate of-five per cent., and of $133,-
333 at three per cent., the' rate at
. which the United States Government
can. borrow money. Such an ex-
emption is absurdly large ana in-
volves unwarranted favoritism to
large masses of well-to-do people who
: are as able to pay an income tax as
fatal gap which this helplessness of
the chemist leaves open. The law
must come to their assistance by -ex-
acting from each manufacturer or-
dealer an affidavit as to the materials
STATE FERTILIZER LAW.
Is It a Piece of Useless Lumber ?
Now and then somebody makes
complaint against the State fertilizer
law, seeking its abrogation. A prom-
inent dealer in fertilizers lately pub-
lished a long letter in the Times-
Union, bringing charges against the
law which, in his opinion, would
justify the farmers in demanding its
repeal. The head and front of his
accusation in brief, is this:
It is a known and admitted fact
that the main constituents of a ferti :
lizer may be derived from different
sources which very greatly affect their
value to the agriculturist. Thus nitro-'
gen may be derived from nitrate of
soda or from leather and horn shav-
ings; phosphoric acid from bone or
from rock phosphate; potash from
high grade sulphate or from kainit.
Nitrogen derived from leather would,
under the analysis of the chemist,
show as high a percentage as if de-
rived from nitrate of soda; and a
fertilizer containing pulverized leather
would, of necessity, receive as high a
commercial valuation as the one con-
taining nitrate of soda. But in the.
field it would not, so far as its nitro-
gen is concerned, be worth one third
as much. The most expert chemist
on earth can only follow his retorts
and his chemicals and note down the
results which they give him.
So with phosphoric acid; so with
potash. He cannot "go behind the
Now, arises this dealer in fertilizers
and asks: "What is the use of a
State chemist at all? His chemicals
are necessarily so much more potent
as solvents than the waters and acids
of the soil that he gets results-and
sets down values which the plant can
only get after the lapse of years, per-
haps a generation. All his findings
are bound to be, therefore, more or
less false and misleading, and the
greatest integrity of character cannot
help him any. In effect, the grower
pays a tax of 25 cents a ton for a law
which does not protect him, and only
serves as a cloak to enable dishonest
dealers to palm off, under the State
chemist's valuation, inferior goods."
The force of this logic seems irresis-
tible at first sight.. Even so great a
chemist as Prof. S. W. Johnson,
director of the Connecticut Station,
acknowledges his helplessness when
he says in a letter to the Rural New
Yorker: "There is however, I believe,
a sure means of determining the value
of organic nitrogen which experiment
stationscan employ. This is simply
to take the testimony of the plant
itself as to whether the nitrogen of a
given fertilizer is able to nourish vege-.
tation .satisfactorily or not. To pro.
duce this testimony in court requires
time and skill."
But there is a check on this pos-
sible dishonesty, and that check is
interposed by the State fertilizer law,
even in its present imperfect condi-
tion. Any one can easily see the
High Prices for Fruit.
The New York papers publish par-
ticulars of a car of early California
cherries which sold a few days ago
for a gross sum of $3,074.25. It con-
tained 2,052 packages, which was
about $1.50 a package. These boxes
of cherries weigh ten pounds net,
twelve pounds gross. A crate of
strawberries weighs, gross, about
sixty pounds. The writer has shipped
many a crate of strawberries which
grossed $16 (50 cents a quart). This
would be about on a par with the
California cherries, pound for pound.
Perhaps no entire carload of'straw
berries ever left Florida which grossed'
as much as the above car of cherries;
but it has often been the case that a
carload of 250 or 275 crates has
grossed from 25 to 45 cents a quart,'
aggregating for the car $2,500 or
$2,800, perhaps $3,000. As they are
not' sold at auction or to anyone mer-
chant, no account is ever kept of the
total amount realized for a carload.
from which he derives his nitrogen,
etc. The law of Florida does require
such an affidavit, but only in respect
to the source of phosphoric acid
(natural enough in a state producing
so much phosphate rock). No manu-
facturer is required to swear in Flor-
ida as to the sources of his potash or
nitrogen; he may use kainit for the
one and leather for the other, and the
consumer has no means of knowing
that fact or protection against its con-
We have before us the official text
of the affidavit required, and it is as
we have above stated. We also have
before us several letters from Hon. L.
B. Wombwell, commissioner, courte-
ously written in response to our que-
ries. In one of them he says: "No
agent or dealer, so far as I know, has
as yet refused to file affidavit."
In another letter he writes: "Any
record in this department, whether
relating to fertilizers or anything else,
is subject to the full and free scrutiny
of any citizen of Florida, without any
charge or hindrance.
"Further, I will furnish a copy of
any affidavit filed by a manufacturer
of fertilizers, free of charge, to any
-person interested in such matters.
"But for a copy of any paper,
which would have to be used as evi-
dence in court, I will have to charge
$i for each certificate."
Further, in reply to our request for
a copy of the affidavit of a certain
firm, he stated that that firm had
filed twenty-eight of them. Upon
our singling out the brand desired, he
furnished a copy of the affidavit filed
This, then, is the value of the
State. fertilizer law-the scientific
knowledge of the chemist backed by
the legal power of the commissioner.
The chemist will, without charge ana-
lyze any sample of fertilizer for any
citizen; and the commissioner will
furnish any citizen an affidavit as to
If, now, the law was so amended
and its scope enlarged as to cover
nitrogen and potash, its strength
would be impregnable.
We.shall recur to this subject.
It is divided up among a dozen com-
mission merchants and no glittering
sum total is ever published.
But one thing is certain; no fruit
ever leaves Florida that is packed
with such perfect art as these Cali-
fornia cherries. Each cherry is sepa-
rately packed throughout the entire
box. When the box is opened it pre-
sents a front as regular as a checker-
board; and the rows run the same
to the'bottom of the box. Their large
size and brilliant color make an ex-
ceedingly attractive appearance.
Must Take the Field.
It is said that Orlando, which was
the seat of the memorable convention
a few weeks ago, has never yet estab-
lished a really effective local Union.
The growers are so busy that they
leave the assembling of themselves
together to other men. Such apathy
is disheartening. It is never too late
to orgaflize, but it is getting time now
to capitalize as well. The members
of the new Asssciation are asked, at
least this is reported in some cases, to
contribute $i each to constitute a fund
against which one share of stock will
be issued to each ten members of a
local'Union. This would not raise a
fund of over $4,000 if every member
contributed. If the Association is to
pursue the laissez faire policy, simply
permitting every member to ship to
the constituted agents without control
other than that relating to time, then
there will be little money needed
except for the payment of salaries.
But if any active and effective policy
of regulation is to be pursued, there
will be need of vastly more capital
than the above paltry sum, to make
advances to needy growers. The
Fruit Exchange has powerfully rein-
forced its financial strength and will,
in all probability, actively take the
field in the fall; and in the coming
struggle for supremacy it will be money
that will make the mare go.
There is little danger that the next
orange crop of Florida will not be
quite large enough to be well mar-
keted. Fruit trees in the North,
after their long and profound winter
rest, come forward rapidly and make
one grand effort, and, if this fails,
they make no more. Fruit trees' in
tropical and sub-tropical regions come
on with a slow, sluggish movement,
and, if they are balked by frost or
drouth, they get ready and try it
again. Some trees more tropical than
the orange will even make a third'
effort it the first two are failures. In
fact, the lime and the lemon blossom
nearly every time they. throw out a
new growth. In North Florida .the
orange blossoms only once as-a rule,
but in the orange, belt proper, trees
which are well cared for will seldom
fail to get and hold a crop, sooner or
The growers of Manatee will at
their next meeting, discuss the ad-
visability of a law forbidding the sale'
of Florida fruits and vegetables by
c6mmnission. Even if enacted, such"
a law would be very difficult to en-
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 15.
FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
Corrected by Marx Bros.
These are average quotations. Extra choice
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
lots sell lower.
Lemons, Fla., .... .... ............. 2.00
Messina ............. ........ .75
Pineapples, crate .... ............. 3.00 to 4.00
Strawberries .................. .... 5 to .8
Huckleberries ...... .......... .8to 10
Cocoanuts.... .......... .... 3.50 to 4.00
Peanuts, best brand...... ....... 4 to .o5
Guavas, 3-peck box ................... .5o
Peaches, crate......................... .oo to 1.5o
Canteloupes,bbl.... .. .. ... 4.00 to 4 50
M elons ..... ........ 10. to .25
Florida cabbage, per 10oo0.............. 2.00 t' 5.00
New potatoes, crate .................... 75 t i 00o
'. '. bbl ...................... 3.50
Hens........ .......................... .33 to .35
Roosters ........................... .25 to .30
Broilers...................... ... .20 to .25
Turkeys, per pound, gross ............ .13 to .14
Ducks ..................... .. .... .35 to .50
Geese ................................. 50
Eggs....... .. .. ............. ...... .14
Corrected by Davis & Robinson.
Onions, Fla ......................... 1.25 to 1.5o
Yellow Yams, bush .......... ... -50
Jersey Sweets, bush .... .. ......... .50
Cauliflower, Fla., each.................
Lettuce, doz ... ....................... .15
Squash, crate ......................... 1.00
Celery ............. ............... .40
Egg Plants, bbl.................. 2.00oo to 4.00
Tomatoes............................... 5o to i.oo00
Salsify or Oyster Plant, per doz bunch .25 to .30
Green Corn. doz ...... .............. 15
Sweet Pepper, bu..................... 2.00
Okra, bu................ ............ 2.00
Cucumbers, crates................. 50 to i.oo
Cowpeas, shelled, peck .. ............ .50
Green Beans, crate ............. .... .50 to .75
Peas, crate ................... .. o.0
New beets, with tops,,barrel crate..... 1.75
Pumpkins, each...... ...... ...o5 to .15
Parsley, per d -)z. bunches ............ .10
Water cress, per doz. bunches, none ...
Carrots, Fla., per doz. bunches ......... .25
Green onions, per doz. bunches ........
Pepper, hot, bushel..................... .50
Sage, well cured, lb ...................... 15
Fruit Exchange Bulletin.
Jacksonville Florida, June 12-Since
our last report prices haye advanced
somewhat at all points and the demand
continues good. Fancy pines are par-
So far as we are able to judge, we are
getting full market value in all sales and
the outlook seems favorable for a contin-
uance of good prices. Just so long as we
can concentrate the fruit at distributing
centers we are sure of good results.
Growers are therefore, cautioned against
the indiscriminate consignment of their
fruit. Past experience has demonstrated
time after time, that the scatteration pol-
icy results invariably in a break in prices
and consequent low results.
Remember that the Exchange is in a
position to realize every cent the market
will pay under any and all conditions,
and uniform prices cannot be maintained
if the fruit is sent out hap-hazard. We
do not color our reports for the purpose
of.influencing shipments, but endeavor
to give you at all times a correct state-
ment of the actual situation.
Remember also, that the actual net re-
sults is what you want. Quotations that
are rarely, if ever realized, do not count.
Telegrams of Sales.
S Car 148 sold 5.00 to 6.10 for crates and
2.65 to 3.00 for halves. Queens, in
halves, 2.85 to 3.25.
Car 1848 sold 5.65 to 6.00 for crates,
2.75 to 3.15 for halves. Queens, 6.55 per
crate;: Porto Ricos, 7.95 for halves.
... Sold 300 crates to-day.' Porto Ricos,
40 to 95c per pine: Queens, 8J to. 18c
each- others, 3J to lie. Some few lots
270 crates sold to-day. Queens 8 to
: ,19c: othb-rs, 3 to 122c. Market steady,
; Car 1608 sold to-day 4.55 to 6.10. Out-
side shipments are affecting prices.
Quotations: Cuba landed 14,000 bbls
pines in New York this week.
Florida pines, in this market, 7 to 8c.
Bahamas arriving in poor order and
Pines selling well;. 3.00 to 3.50 for
b.. halves and 6.00 to 6.50 per crate.
Market firm. Pines selling at 6 to
10c; extra, 12 to 14c.
Will & Jones.
Buffalo, June 9.-We report dull mar-
ket on oranges and lemons for the past
week. Consumers prefer strawberries,
which are in good supply and moderate
in price. Oranges, Messina, boxes 3.50
to 2.50; half-boxes 1.75 to 1.50; few
California Washington Navels, Redland
fruit, 4.25 to 3.25; Med. sweets, 2.75 to
2.50; lemons, 3.00 to 2.50. With contin-
ued warm weather we are looking for an
advance on lemons.
An unprecedented advance took place
in potatoes the past week, Southern new
selling 5.00 to 4.50 box. Receipts-Old
potatoes are absorbed on arrival at 1.25
bushel; cabbage in good demand 2.00
to 1.50 crate; tomatoes, fancy, 3.55 to
2.75; choice, 2,50 to 1.75; egg plant 8.00 to
7.00 barrel; beans 1.75 to 1.25 basket;
peas 2.00 to 1.50.
Queen City Fruit Auction Comp'y.
Owing to light demand for oranges and
lemons we report auction sales light past
week. Oranges selling, Messina, 2.50 to
2.00 box; 1.25 to 80c half-box; California
Med. sweets 1.90 to 1.25; lemons L.35 to
1.25 box; pineapples 9.00 to 2.50 hundred;
all above fruit wasty. Bananas 90 to 55c
bunch; cocoanuts in good demand, 2.75
to 2.65 sack.
New York-Sgobel & Day say: We
have sold this week 6 carloads of Flori a
pineapples at prices quoted elsewhere.
The large Porto Rico pines have done
very well; yesterday we obtained the
high price of 95c per pine for two crates
and 40 cents for others not quite so large.
The Queens are giving satisfaction and
sell mostly 20 cents to 15 cents. Desirable
sizes of the Red Spanish command 11 to
9 cents, but many of them have been
small, which are selling from 7 to 4 cents.
P. Ruhlman & Co. say: Pineapples
have shown some slight improvement
under lighter receipts. The Ss. Seneca
arrived Monday, the 4th inst., with 6400
barrels, 771 for us. The Ss. Concho ar-
rived Wednesday, 6th inst., with 7560
barrels, 840 for us. The condition was a
trifle better on the last named steamer.
Prices for sound green pines ranged from
4 to 10 c. This covers price of sugars as
Pittsburg.-The Fruit and Auction Co.
say: Supplies of Cuban pineapples have
been very light. We sold quite a few Ba-
hamas at 4 to 7c. The market is stronger
under light receipts. The above prices
are for small stock. So far this season we
have not had any Floridas, for which we
anticipate a good demand, especially as
the Cuban strawberry pines are finished.
Chicago.--Pineapples met with a mod-
erate sale at former quotations. Prices
ranged from 6.00 to 10.00 per 100.
St. Louis.-There is no Havana on the
market. The Florida product is assum-
ing much prominence. Several straight
cars are announced to arrive within the
next few days. For the small offerings
now in the hands of receivers, the follow-
ing prices ruled: 60s, 7.50 per crate; 72s,.
7.00; smaller sizes, 5.50 to 6.50 per crate,
Buffalo.-Will & Jones quote: Pine-
apples, excellent demand, 12.00 to 5.00
CHAPMAN & SUDLOW,
HIIGLH C1RA;JE IFERT'IL4IZERS.
Ground and Steamed Bone a Specialty. Caustic Sod's and Flowers of Sulphur Al-
ways on Hand. Every Kind of Raw Mvaterial at Current Rates.
Send for Pamphlet on --
ORANGE TREE, PINEAPPLE AND VEGETABLE FERTILIZERS.
159 South Water St., Chicago.
DEALERS IN FRUITS.
XWe respectfully solicit shipments (if Fruits ainl \'eirtables.
We are now making a speciati' of
and invite correspondence on Markets and i r,. 'm.'
We want reliable agents at all principal shipping points.
References, by permission:-National Shoe and Leather Bank, New York,
the Volusia County Bank, DeLand, Fla., and the Commercial Loan and Truit Co.
How to Sell Pineapples.
THE JACKSONVILLE FRUIT AUCTION CO.
Are offering splendid inducements to
PFINEAPIw SHIS I PPIEIXS.
We are prepared to make liberal advances on shipments of pines. Also in position to sell
over-ripe stock here or refrigerate at slight expense, and guarantee arrival in perfect condition
East or West.
Write to Js, We Can 14elp You.
We are now handling Oranges, Peaches, Potatoes, both new and sweet, Tomatoes and Pineap-.
ples. Remain open all summer, to handle Grapes and Melons. QUICK RETURNS.
TftOS. :R. TOWmtls, Piresident.
Orange and Lemon Trees at Half Price
For the balance of the season we offer our stock at just half price.
The money in oranges lies in growing 'fancy kinds, such as Washington Navel, Tangerines,
Tardiff, Ruby Bloods, Lemons and Grape Fruit, and "we've got 'em."
Send for catalogue to W. HAWKI
W. W. HAWKINS SONS,
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE..
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300,000
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
order. Write for price list.and terms.
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER Secretary.
DIRECTORS--Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford 6Co. Dr. E. E. Pratt
Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
B. M. Baer. Duval Co. ,A. Brady, Brevard Co. F. G. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V. Hillyer,
Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
Johns Co.; C. F. A. Blelby, Volusia Co.; Benj. Dowd, Lake Co.
Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Pla. Stencils,
with full packing and shipping instructions furnishedon application.
ULOU ,u box; 2.50 to 2.75 360 count; for fancy,
Peaches, the Peen-to, sell at 1,25 a box. good or choice, 2.00 to 2.25 for all sizes.
A box of California cherries, good, cost A few boxes of grape fruit sold as high as
1.75, though some sold at 60 to 70c at auc- 7.00 a box.-Am. Cultivator.
tion. Apricots sold from 62c to 1.25 a
There are many varieties of pineapples, California Fruits.
and auction prices ranged from 4J to 191
cents each, but the most of sales are from Chicago.-Barnett Bros., say:
7Tto 12 cents each. Bananas are: Golden June 6.-Four cars of California fruit
Vales, 1.85 for No. 1, 1.35 for eight hands. were offered to-day. Car No. 16386 was
Others, 1.00 for No. 1, 1.10 for eight in good condition, with the exception of
hands, 90 to 95c for No. 2 and 60c for some cherries from Suisun, which showed
No. 3. Lemons, fancy, 300 count, are decay. Good shipping Royal Anne cher-
3.00 to 3.50, 360 counts, 2.50 to 2.75, or- ries brought 1.40 to 1.50. One entire lot
dinary good lemons 2.00 to 2.50 for 300 packed by Mrs. E. Buckingham, selling
counts, 1.50 to 2.00 for 360 count. Or- at 1.45. Royal apricots in good condi-
anges, 200 to 300 counts, 2.50 to 3.00 a tion, 2.15 to 2.40; seedlings, 1.45 to 1.95;
Pringle, 95c to 1.40. .A few boxes of
peaches sold for 1.65 to 1.70, and cherry
plums in boxes, 1.20 to 1.45; half crates,
1.95. Car No. 17158 did not show up as
New York.-Porter Bros., say: Upon
Monday, June 4th, we received and sold
one car of California cherries consisting
of 1,939 boxes of Black Tartarians. and,
113 boxes Cleveland Bigereaus a total of
2,052 packages. This fruit arrived. we
regret to say, in decidedly weak condit-
ion and for which we find it difficult to
give reasons as the car of the same stock
sold by us last week showed .excellent
condition and realized gross of $3,07425;
the best of any car sold in eastern mar-
kets this year up to this writing, The
Mir 1- k .
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
sale of this week Monday, considering
the conditions was very satisfactory, a
average of 1.17 being reached for Blac
Tartarians and 1.15 for the entire ca
Upon Monday, June 11, we shall offer
two cars containing peaches, apricots an
New York, June 11.-Potatoes, new
receipts last week from Bermuda, 27
barrels. The receipts of Southeru ne
potatoes since Monday have been 8,48
bb1s by Pennsylvania railroad; 7,45
bbls by Savannah steamers, and 17,85
bbls by Old Dominion steamers; tota
83,783 bbls, against 19,230 last week.
The market opened first of the wee]
on a basis of 4.00 to 5.00 for prime South
ern and with a good demand market
gradually advanced, finest Savannah an
Charleston Rose touching 6.00, but witl
much heavier arrivals, at the close mar
ket is weak, decidedly lower and unset
tled. To-day a few of the finest Ros,
sold at 4.50, but 3.50 to 4.00 is the gen
eral range for prime and Chili reds sel
mainly from 3.00 to 3.50 per bbl, witi
very fair grades of Rose ranging front
2.50 to 3.00 and seconds lower. Old po
tatoes scarce and very high. Early ii
the week foreign Magnum jumped front
3.00 to 4.00 and some marks were sold in
a small way even higher, but tone is noi
so strong at the close.
Receipts since Monday exclusive o:
potatoes have been as follows: Penn-
sylvania Railroad, 16,409 pkgs including
5,834 beans and peas, 4,396 cucum-
bers, 3,017 tomatoes and 3,109 various;
included in the above were 3,437 pkgs
from Maryland, Delaware and Eastern
Shore. Old Dominion line, 42,550 pkgs.
including 21,600 cabbage, 10,350 beans,
2,700 peas, 1,900 tomatoes and 6,000 cu-
cumbers. Savannah line, 27,778 pkgs.
A liberal quantity has also arrived by
Clyde line of which no reliable estimate
can be obtained.
Imports for the week 2,066 bags Egyp-
tian and 4,491 crates Bermuda onions.
Cucumbers-Receipts have been large
and market has gradually declined, clos-
ing weak and low. Stock south of
Charleston generally poor and only sale-
able at extremely low figures.
Onions-Choice Bermuda and Egyptian
have been well sustained, but trade only
moderate. New Orleans irregular in
quality and value; choice held firmly.
Southern potatoes have commenced to
arrive and meet an active demand when
prime, but some are small and poor.
Squash-Supply large and with trade
light, market is weak at low figures
Tomatoes have arrived freely from
Florida, but mostly green and poor and
selling in range of 1.00 to 2.00, a few of
the best 2.25 to 2.50 per carrier. Small-
lots from near-by have appeared, but'
prices hardly established.
St. Louis, June 11.-Melons, not many
offered, but enough for the demand. Pri-
ces range 20.00 to 30.00 per 100 according
to size. Peaches, supply small and de-
mands for choice 'offerings was good at
60c to 1.25 per 1-3 bus. box. Potatoes-
For new, of which the receipts show a
steady increase without 'a corresponding
increase in .the demand the feeling was
weak and generally lower on all varieties
1Home grown were coming in in much
larger quantities, and are beginning to
have an impression on' the market and
prices. We quote: Old-Burbanks, 1.10;
Hebron 1.00; Ajax, 85c. New-Home
grown, 90c per bu. in bulk from wagons.
Consigned-Triumphs, 90c; Louisiana,
1.40 per sack and 2.75 to 3 per bbl. Egg
Plant--Scarce at 50o to 1.50 per dozen.
Cucumbers-Liberal offerings. We quote:
Southern at 75c to 1.00 per case and 1.50
to 2.50 bbl; homegrown, 25 to30c per doz.
Squab-h-Salabl- at 1.00 to 1.25 per case.
TUmitow'-- Fi-pts fair and for choice
rock the de mia was good, while infe-
rior and green were slow. We quote:
Mississippi 1.00 to 1,60 for choice, and'
g Tennessee, 75c to 1.00 per 4-basket case. Business Notices.
n Florida small, 75c to 1.25 per 6-basket FAIR AND SQUARE NUMBERED Furr
k case; choice large, 1.50 to 175; Arkansas WRAPPERS.-The Jersey City Printing
r. receipts too green and nominal. Company report an extraordinary growth
r Gradually the results of the season's in their business among Florida fruit
d shipments of berries are coming too light. growers and shippers. Their first bid on
The story is a sad one for the producers, Florida business was made in the year
and it appears now that the transporta- 1892, and, somewhat to their surprise, re-
tion companies and express companies sulted in orders beyond their capacity to
made all the money arising from the crop. print. By doing some tall hustling and
0 One of the leading shippers at Gadsden, bullying of press builders, they were en-
w Tenn., who had access to the leading abled to supply themselves, though some-
3 markets, and mainly at car lot rates, what late in the fall, with the machinery
0 writes his merchanthere that he shipped that was necessary to fill the orders they
0 in all 1,700 cases, and the money he got received. The expression of satisfaction
1,for them did not quite cover the cost of with their work was so uniform and grat-
picking and cases. This seems to be a ifying that in the winter of '93 they
fair sample of the general results. placed orders for the construction of over
The magnitude of the berry business $10,000 worth of special machinery in-
t in West Tennessee can be gathered from tended for and adapted to printing tissue
d the statistics gathered at only a few of paper only. Their enterprise was entire-
h the shipping points the past week. A ly justified, and received its reward in the
representative of the A. R. T. Co. who summer of 1893, when orders poured in
watched the traffic closely and secured all upon them for printed rappers from
e they could of it for distant markets, in- such a large number of our leading Flor-
formed the writer a few days ago that ida growers that their presses were kept
They hauled from Dyer fifty-six cars, running from the beginning of June to
Gadsden forty, Humboldt thirty-eight, the middle of December. During this
Fruitland nine, Rutherford six, Hender- time nearly sixty (60) tons of manilla tis-
- son nine cars. sue and several tons of white and colored
Bells Depot shipped fifteen cars and tissue were printed by them to the entire
Gibson ten cars over another line, while satisfaction of -purchasers. They expect
Humboldt shipped twenty cars besides this season to print over one hundred
Over the L. & N. R. R., and the daily (100) tons of manilla tissue, which would
t shipments by express would add largely w o ver 5,00 bo oh o urngle
to the loregoing. Thefiguresfrom Milan, wrap ver s ood 0 boxes of oranges.
Trezevant, Medina and other leading NATIONAL LEAD: COMPANY.-This coim-
f points are not given, but West Tennessee pany, whose advertisement is running
- seems to have shipped over 300 cars of regularly in our columns, is rated at a
strawberries. capital of over a million dollars, credit
P. M. Kiely. high. It has branches in different cities,
U those in Cincinnati, for instance, being
Free Berry Grates. known as the Anchor and the Eckstein.
S e y stThese two companies were sued by the
Te "free i erry crate" question comes Walker Paint Company for $50,000 dam-
up occasional, and creates heated dis- ages for publishing analyses of the Walk-
cussions in the trade. The original er white lead paints showingthat they
agreement not to return the crates, were adulterated with barytes. The
signed by almost seven-eighths of the trial lasted nine weeks, employing among
merchants some two years ago, appears others an ex-governor of Ohio as one of
to have fallen through. Very few are the attorneys. Judge Rufus B. Smith of
now living up to the rules, and those the Superior Court handed down a
who have held out on principle have lost lengthy opinion, which concluded as fol-
many shippers, and therefore consider- lows: "In conclusion, my finding is
able money. Fruit Trade Journal. that by a 'clear preponderance of the evi-
h r on dence the defendants have established
The Production of Bananas. and to my mind beyond all reasonable
The greater portion of bananas which doubt they have proven, that during the
are sold in Eastern cities come from Ja- years 1889 and 1890 when the analyses
maica. Just now is the height of the complained of in the petition were-made
season, and that island is sending us that the plaintiffs were sending out goods t
80,000 bunches of bananas a week. The as first-class which were adulterated with
bananas from Central America mostly barytes; that the analyses complained of
find a market in Galveston and New Or- in the petition are true, and that the pe-
leans, wheice they are distributed to tuition should be dismissed upon that
Western cities. Banana culture has al- ground. It is therefore unnecessary that
most entirely superseded sugar produc- I should considerth other defenses made a
tion in Jamaica. The soil was cropped by the defendants." The decision, owing
so long with sugar cane that it will no to-the prominence of the parties involved,
longer grow that crop. The banana is of international importance and inter- f
does not require so fertile soil and thrives est.
well. For more than 20 years, however, *
the land has been growing up with thick Working for the Growers.
hard-wood bushes that make it very dif- We are trustworthily informed that
ficult to clear. A darkey working all day when the growers of Florida complete
will clear 20 feet square, or about one their organization, thereby putting them-
hundredth part of an acre. For this he selves into shape to be communicated
gets 24 cents., with, they will hear something greatly
Some American banana plantations to their interest. The men at the head
have been set out, but the bulk of banan- of the new association are wide-awake,
as marketed are grown by natives in and the growers will soon see.that some-
sheltered ravines. The winds are very thing is being done for them.
destructive to banana plantations, as :
when the stalks are bending with their Foreign Commerce of lorida.
weight of fruit a very little topples them The month report of the United
over.- An acre of bananas will produce e month r
1,000 bunches,.worth 50 cents a bunch States Treasury Department -.makes i
as they are put on the vessel. It costs the following exhibit of the several t
only $50 to fit and set an acre of bananas, customs districts of Florida, for the
and if it were not for the winds the busi- ten months ending with April: 0
ness would be exceedingly profitable.
The banana is sometimes injured by IRts. EXPoRTs. s.
dro ughts and occasionally by floods. 1894. 1893.- 894-. 1893.
Great care has to be given them in Apalactlicola..... $ 51 $ 148 $ 230 385 $ 334,o510 13
bringing them across the water. Ifdro: ernana...., ,4 661018017
and spoil.-American Cultivator. t. Augstine.... 6 ,833 ,5Io 885 395
(Jacks'ville) 31,247 40,073 ; 61,590
If f weak St., Marks ...... 8 iuo
you Tfeelwek ampa ..... .... 347,88 462,o .684, 93 490,483
and all worn out tae ren Bakng Powder
",,BROWN' .' -IRON--B'TT.ZR3 -World'sFairlHighbct Medal and.Diploma.,
FLORIDA CENTRAL AND
+ PENINSULAR +
LAKE CITY, .MACON, ATLANTA
Nashville, St. Louis and Chicago
With but one change of -sleepers, connects
also at Atlanta for NEW YORK and KANSAS
CITY. The Florida Central and Peninsular
has nearly 700 miles of track running through
Sto'ck:Farmiing. and Dairy' Section,
P,-c u'1nil Sirri'b-rry lands,
Orang.. Rii .nia mnid Piiuanphl Country,
Ba, It/' .%Sihtv Spring anid
Other Fine Scenery.
The Great Runting Country .
Reaches Gte 'iotdd ?ishing Grounds.
Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vaii-
ety of soils in the Stated, and:above all
Runs over the -Central 'Ridgeland
Where it Is High and Healthy. ,
Prsrperrus [.rwn 0ill it, routa and it offers
tbe r-.i:t tre-,ont il illnes for any produce to
tb Nortiern market. Send for tbe popular
4MY FLOORIDA HOME,."
with its spirited words and beautiful music
descriptive of an actual Florida Home,,'and
vhich is gotten up in elegant style--Six pages
of full sized best music paper, contaiiing also
picture of a honie in Florida and a hunting
scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10,centb (in
tamps, to pay expense of-distrihution.)'
Send also for the best map of.JFlorida,(sent
ree) and note the towns on its route. '
A. 0. MAdDONELL, G.,P.A.,
The Florida Central &
Peninsular R. RR 0..
Offers to Shippers
,The ..Shortest and Quickest Route
PLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
THE EAST AND WEST.
With. Improved: Yentilated Cars, this ,corn-
,any is better equipped than ever ever to
andl teOrae r e and Vegetable Crops. and
sure clrse connect ions and prompt despatch
o all Eastern and Western Markets.
Through cars to destination with-
at, change or: delay.
Perishable frg-iht 'followed by wire and
hippest advised time passing various June-
on points and arrival at desunation.
All claims for over charges and loss prompt-
See that your 'goods -are', marked
ia F. C. & P.R. R.
For information call- on or address the un-
C. E. TAYLOR Tray. A'gt Ocala, Fla
W.- B. TU KER Gen, Aq4t, Orland6, Fla.
G."M. HORDEN, rav. A Kt. Leesbur Fla.
W. R. FULER, ra;A at b Fa.
Or3S. S. PENNINGTON, Talo 4Gnager,
S Jackaonvill. Fla
W, H. P'LEASANTS G'eneisl ,iiight-iiv
AND THE NORTH
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWERA.
IS IT THE "SEVEN DEVILS" OF
A New Theory Successfully Tried in
Dunkirk and Carefully Investigated
by a Blade Reporter for the Ben-
efit of the Medical Fraternity.
From the Toledo Blade.
The physicians' and inhabitants of
Dunkirk, Hardin'county, Ohio, are as-
tonished at a recent happening in that
usually quiet hamlet.
Dunkirk'is a little village,' half way be-
tween Toledo and Columbus, on the
Pennsylvania & Ohio Central roads, and
Mr. C. F. Broseke, a leading German cit-
izen, keeps the city flour mills. He has
one son and three- daughters-all grown.
Miss Anna Broseke, the second daugh-
ter, is a young woman 28 years old. It
is her remarkable sickness and still more
remarkable cure that has startled the
doctors and astonished her relatives and
Learning that Miss Broseke was at
present in Toledo and boarding at No.
823 Mulberry street, a representative of
the Blade called on her. Upon being re-
quested to relate the peculiarities of her
recent sickness and subsequent cure, the
young lady said:
"I am glad that you have called, and
amnwilling my name should be made pub-
lic, as good cannot help but result to some
other poor sufferer. For many years our
family lived in Falmouth, Kentucky.
Nine years- ago, at the age of nineteen, I
began to suffer from neuralgia in the
head. The pain nearly killed me. The
neuralgia then scattered all over my sys-
tem, but was worse in the stomach. Six
physicians fit. Falmouth and vicinity
treated me f. r several years. My father
paid outl hrlreds of dollars for their ser-
vices. I be:airme 'worse and worse as time
advanced. -I was given up to die. After
meals my stoniach would distress me ter-
ribly, and at timu- I would nearly choke
to death. I c',uld 'not drink tea or coffee
and could eat but little. It seemed as if
what, little oo.i I did eat would ferment
at once. I became weak, very weak.
Night and day I prayed for relief-in
Two years ago we moved to Dunkirk,
Ohio. The' four physicians' there were
called one after'another. One called my
i ruble heart' disease. Another said it
was acute dyspepsia. Instead of improv-
ing I continued' to grow- wore. One day
last/springlmy father read of a case sim-
ilarito mine in the Cincinnati,'Enquirer.
It told how a medicine called Dr.,Wil-
liams' Pink Pills had cured a lady of
neuralgia cif the stomach. The symp-
tomis and experiences were exactly the
same as miaie. I became at once inter-
ested and h,..peful. My father went to
Upper' -andusky the next day and pur-
chased a b-.-.x of Pink Pills. I com-
menced taking them last May, and began
to improve so rapidly that the whole
village' was interested. The doctors
were surprised but admitted that the
Piik Pills were a Godsend to me. I
used 1.3 boxes in all. The neuralgia is
entirely gone. My stomach is strong and
healthv. my appetite good, and my sleep
is peac-ful. I came to Toledo, Novem-
ber 9th, prepared to finish my musical
education, which my sickness cause : me
to'abandon nine years ago. I attend the
musical department at the Ursuline Con-
vent. I dishke newspaper notoriety and
only consent to this interview to let the
world know my experience and faith in
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. and the hope of
saving the life of some other poor sudterer
whose case has been pronounced hope-
MissBroseke.is an intelligent and well
educated ladyof natural refinement. Her
honesty is unquestionedl. Her whole ap-
pearance is now a picture of health. Her'
cheeks are rosy; her eyes are bright, and
her every move is indicative of perfect
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are now given
to the public as an unfailing blood build-
er and nerve restorer, curing all forms of
weakness arising from a watery condition
of the blood or shattered nerves, two fruit-
ful causes of most every ill that flesh is
heirto. These pills are also a specific for
the troubles peculiar to females, such as
suppressions, all forms of weakness,
chronic constipation, bearing down pains,
etc., and in the case of men will give
speedy relief and effect a permanent cure
in all cases arising from mental worry,
overwork, or excesses of whatever na-
ture. The pills are sold by all dealers, or
will be sent post paid on receipt of price
(50 cents a box, or 6 boxes for $2.50. They
are never sold in bulk, or by the 100) by
addressing Dr. Williams' Medicine Com-
pany, Schenectady, N. Y., or Brockville,
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
World's Fair Highest Award.
Movable Hot Houses.
In England an ingenious invention
has been brought forward which is
called "the horticultural traveling
structure." This has been designed
to facilitate the more rapid and at the
same time more economical produc-
tion of fruits, flowers and vegetables,
so as to place the United Kingdom
with its variable climate in a position
to supply its own demands, and. more
effectually compete with foreign sup-
plies, as it has already commenced to
This is accomplished by the moving
of glass structures on wheels (with or
without heating apparatus affixed)
running on rails, over crops to be
forced, protected, or ripened in suc-
cession as they stand in the soil or on
stages. The rails are secured to
wooden plates (as in a tramway) rest-
ing on vertical supports fixed in the
ground. The glass houses or plant
protectors run so smoothly that any
person can move them easily. Hith-
erto glass structures have been re-
garded as immovable buildings, and
it has been found absolutely necessa-
ry, notwithstanding the vast cost of
labor, in order to ripen and protect
the various crops, to shift them in
and out from the open air by hand.
The essential requirements are shel-
ter and the control of temperature,
for sunshine is often present when the
weather is cold.
At present the initial cost of sup-
plying these tw6 indispensable requi-
sites is a serious item, and added to
the maintenance and repair, heavily
handicaps the home producer.
In the growing of fruits, flowers,
vegetables and other plants, whether
for market or for private consumption,
the great difficulty is to obtain a suc-
cession of crops without incurring
such expense as to make the produc-
.The inventor claims a great many
advantages for this structure, among
the most obvious of which are, the
lessened labor in applying manure,
watering, preparing the land, etc.,
over that required in a fixed hot
house. It serves principally to show
the struggles which northern gardeners
are forced to make to meet southern
open air competition.
Delightfully Cool and Refreshing
"Horsfora 'sAcid Phosphate,
with ice water and sugar.
"CENT-A- WORD" COL UMN.
To insure insertion in this column, advertise-
ments must be accompanied by the money.
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
Postage Stamps received in payment.
Count every word, including name and address.
ROPICAL, MELON PAWPAW.-Now is the
time to plant, fine pot-grown plants. 20o
cents each or two for 35 cents, six tor $I. Apply
to Florida Development Company's Tropical
Nursery, Avon Pari, Fla. it
DRINK PURE WATER.-For circulars and
prices, the Bucket, Pumps and Water Puri-
fier, address McLEAN & Co., Agents, Conant,
W ANTID-situation as governess for small-
children, or companion for old lady or in-
valid. References: MVss C. METZ, Haines City,
pRODUCERS-Who have eggs, watermelons,
peaches, muskmelons, grapes, cantaloupes
and uiftercm kinus 'ol fruit, wil please -quote
cash price to A WARREN, 205 ., 205 Bay. rrit
htore, jacksunville. it
For Maps-and particulars, address,
G. D. ACKERLY,
GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT,
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,
LARGEST WELL MAHINERYworks.
All kinds of tools. Fortune for t e driller by using our
Adamantine proqeesu can take acre. Perfected Econom-
ical Artesian Fumping.RigF to .work by Steam, Air etc
Let us bhIlpyonu;He'AMERIWAN WELL WORK8,
Aurors', IU.i Chicago, I.Lj Dallas, Tex.
A BARGAIN-New two-horse tread, power'and
secouo-nailu threshing machine, 175'.oo.
JoHu BRADn'ORD, BradloravUle, ala. 6-9-2
I ERY FINE-Two to four-year old orange and
lemonu buds at $2o.oo per ioo f. o. b. J. L,.
DESRIUX, Lakeland, ala. 6-9-5
EVAFORATE SURPLUS FRUIT.-No.; Amer-
ican evaporator, in gooU order, cheap Good
money maker. 3bUuMiT NURSERIES, MAonticel-
lo, ila. b-9-a
5,000 n WHITE ANTIGUA PINHAPP4.e
slips and sucaiers lor sale. buc-ers,
5C eOchi, slips, 3c each, i. u. b., cash with orders.
Audiess, Box 449, orlando, ila. 0-2-4
AMAICA SORREL-Fine plants, by mail 4o
cents per one-half oazen or 75 cents per
nozeu. Plant V0ow. H. G. BURkNET, Avon
Park, Fla. t 6-2-3
IRRIGATING PLANT-Complete, for sale.
Apply to R. L. MARTIN, Weir Park, Vla.' 6-2-2
IMPERIAL PEKIN DUCKn-3.oo per trio.
Minorca cockerels, 75c each. StLck the very
best. Must sell to maKe room. PAGET HALL,
Georgiana, lF'la. 6-2-4
A GOOD CHANCE--To a desirable party I
S will lease a tour-room house andten acres
(two cleared) in Lawtey, tor a small rent, to be
paid entirely in work. Enterprising men clear
;poo to 300oo per acre in strawberries. Address,
uTRAWBERRY, this office.
F OR SALE, ONE BERKSHIRE BOAR (pure),
and one Berkshire sow (three-quarterb).
Both young and acclimated. Aduress, -F. U.
W.," Denver, Fla. 5-I9-4
PHOENIX NURSERIES. No one can grow
better citrus trees nor 'honestly beat our
prices. We propagate no "back numbers."
Let us bid on your wants. Twelve years experi-
ence. F'. N. HoeTON, Braidentown, Wla. 5-19-7
BUDS, from the famous Arlington Nurseries,
4oc per ioo; $3.oo per i,ooo. Med.'bweet, Jaffa,
Maltese Blooa. Maltese Oval, Harts Late, bat-
suma,' King, Tangeritie, Washington Riverside
Navel, Homosassa, Nonpariel, Ulu Vini, Magnum
Bonum, Villa Franca Lemon, Giant Lequats.
Address, ROBERT G. BIDWELL, Orlando, Fla.
Box 147. 5-19-2
G GENUINE NUNAN, BESSIE, ALABAMA,
Michels strawberry plants, $3.50 1,00ooo, $15.00
5,ooo. Also Peruvian, Vineless, Gen. Grant,
Pools sweet potato plants $4.50 I,ooo, ioo by mail;
$l.oo. Nancy Hall, Si.oo per dozen. Vines in
July athalf price. JULIUS SCHNADELBACi, Box
4, Grand Bay, Ala. 5-12-4
SEVEN HEAD OF GOOD COWS, partly er-
sey, fi om four to eight years of age, all fresh
or shortly due to calve, for sale low. WM. B.
SCHRADER, Waverly Stock Farm, near Tallahas-
V YOU HAVE AN ORANGE GROVE FOR
sale, write to Gxo. H. CHAPIN & Co., St, Au-
gustine, Fla., or 257 Washington St., Boston.
W ANTED-A purchaser for 2,5oo Thrifty Year-
ling LeConte .Pear Trees, 3s to 8 feet at
$35.oo per i,ooo. B. W. Partridge, Monticello, Fla.
OR CUTAWAY HARROW prices, address E-
SS.'Hubbard, Federal Point, la., State Agent.
INDIAN game breeding yard. 8 hens and cock,
S$1.oo. Also Langshans, Leghorns and':Minor-
cas, icluding-some of our Orlando prize win-
ners. S. S. DeLanoy, Apopka, Fla. 4-7-6
OR SALE for cash,time or trade, orange groves,
fruit and timber lands. E. RUm zY,.KeukR,.
WANTED-To buy to or 20 full-blooded An-
gora goats. R. H. SMITH, Lawtey. 2t
382THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
WEATHER AND CROPS,
For Week Ending June 11.
The week was cooler than usual for the
time of year, the deficiency in tempera-
ture ranging from 1 to 4 degrees in the
The rainfall was nearly normal for the
State but it fell as local showers, very
badly distributed, being generally largely
in excess of a seasonable amount in the
southern portion and deficient in the
northern and western sections of the
State. The sunshine averaged about nor-
mal, being in excess where rain was de-
ficient and below normal where the rain-
fall was heaviest. Crops were benefited
in sections where the amount of rainfall
exceeded or approximated a seasonal
average but the showers were scattered
and while crops were benefited in parts
of some counties they suffered severely
from drought in other portions. Heavy
rains in the orange belt have caused
groves in many places to put out new
bloom, and it seems that the predictions
that the fruit which dropped would be
replaced by a late bloom when the rainy
season began, are in a fair way to be
verified. It is the general opinion of
growers, however, that the orange crop
has been injured considerably by drought.
Western District:-Another dry week
has caused prospects to be much less
promising in this district. Some sections
had sufficient rain to enable crops to hold
their own and even to make advance-
ment in some instances but the amount
of rain was for the most part, insufficient
for the needs of vegetation and it is
feared that if the dry weather continues
much longer there will be lighter yields
in most crops than farmers have hereto-
fore estimated. There is complaint on
account of corn tasseling too low; the
strawberry season is practically ended;
cotton beginning to bloom; oats all har-
vested in fine condition; pastures dying
in places. The temperature was slightly
deficient for the week and there was an
abundance of sunshine. With seasonable
rains from this time the crops now suf-
fering will, for the most part recover.
Highest temperature, 92; lowest, 68; mean
77; normal, 78; average rainfad, 0.45;
normal, 1.39 inches.
SI Northern District.-There was a daily
deficiency of about four degrees in tem-
peralure, and the rainfall was about half
the normal amount, being heaviest in the
southern and lightest in the extreme
northeast portion.- In some of the south-
ern counties of:the district, where heavy
showers fell, corn and cotton are looking
well, but drought in the northern counties
has been very severe in places, and farmers
are becoming discouraged at the outlook.
Heavier showers are needed generally,
and warmer nights would be beneficial to
cotton. Highest temperature, 92; lowest,
60; mean, 75;, normal, 79; average raiu-
fall, 0.56; normal rainfall, 1.26. .
Central District.-The temperature
averaged about 2 degrees below normal
and there was a decided excess in rain-
fall. Showers have occurred almost
daily in this district since June 1st and
crops generally are reported as much
improved. Orange groves have been
greatly benefited and in many places the
'trees are blooming again and growers an-
ticipate a good set of late fruit. Late
corn has improved very much but is
being damaged in places by bud worms.
The setting of sweet potatoes is now in
progress but on account of a scarcity of
vines the acreage will not be as large as
was intended. Heavy shipments of
water,' melons are going forward. A
valuable horse was killed by lightning at
Orlando on the 6th.
Everything would be benefited by a
continuation of the showers. The meas-
ured rainfall, reported varies. in amount
from 0.40 at Pierson, to 5.05 inches at
Georgiana. Highest temperature, 95;
lowest 63; mean,. 77; normal, 79; aver-
age rainfall, 2.46; normal rainfall, 1.60.
,_ Southern District.-Correspondents re-
port a large excess of rainfall this week,
and vegetation has beenigreatly benefited
thereby. Great improvement is noted in
the pineapple crop during the week; the
fruit is now growing rapidly, and the
movement of the crop is well under way.
Peas and cane are doing well. Orange and
lemon groves are improving rapidly. Corn
is injured beyond recovery by drought.
Few sweet potatoes are planted, but there
is yet time for this crop. Highest tem-
perature, 96; lowest, 67; mean, 73; nor-
mal, 82; average rainfall, 2.53; normal,
E. R. Demain, Director.
Jacksonville, Fla., June 12, 1894.
Annual Address of President Fair-
banks.-Continued from p. 371.
system lies in there being no opportu-
nity for dishonesty, and experience
has shown that there is no danger of
We therefore still adhere to the sale
by auction, firmly convinced that it is
by far the best method of marketing
COMMISSION AND COSTS.
It would be very desirable to re-
duce the cost of production and
cheapen our packing and transporta-
tion. We reduced the commission to
eight per cent. some years ago,, which
is the only commission charged the
grower. Out of this commission of
eight per cent. we pay the expenses of
our officers and agents, telegraphic
information, printing of bulletins, etc.
We pay shipping agents to look after
loading in proper cars and forward-
ing by most speedy routes, and com-
petent and reliable bonded agents at
the selling points, the collection of all
claims for over-charges, loss in tran-
sit or damage en route, and a con-
stant supervision of the fruit from the
day it reaches our hands until returns
are made to the shipper.
We have also arranged to largely
control the supply of box material,
paper, etc., and to keep prices down
on articles required by the grower.
We have opened up during the past
season a foreign trade and sent abroad
some 80 car loads of fruit principally
to Liverpool. We continued to ship
as long as prices were satisfactory.
The favorable beginning made we
'hope to very considerably enlarge
next season, and eventually to. secure
a strong foothold in English markets
as the superior quality of our fruit be-
comes appreciated and more generally
The Board of Directors have had
under consideration for several months
plans for still further benefitting the
growers within our legitimate field of
action. I think you will approve of
these plans and recognize their wis-
They will also report to you the ex.
cellent financial condition of the Ex-
change evidenced by the accumula-
tion of a surplus belonging to the
stockholders and which has enabled
them to make a stock dividend of ioo
per cent., as well as declaring the
usual-1o. per cent dividend.
I bear cheerful testimony to the
faithful worth of your salaried officers
as well as the unpaid and voluntary
service of your Board of Directors.
G. R. FAIRBANKS.
N paint the best is the cheapest.-Don't be
misled by trying what is said to be "just as good," but whne
you paint insist upon having a genuine brand of
Strictly Pure White Lead
It costs no more per gallon than cheap paints, and lasts many times
as long. Look out for the brands of White Lead offered you; any
of the following are sure:
"ANCHOR" (Cincinnati). "RED SEAL" (St. Louis).
ECKSTEIN" (Chicago). KENTUCKY" (Louisville).
"SOUTHERN" (St. Louis and Chicago). ATLANTIC" (New York).
"COLLIER" (Pittsburgh). "JEWETT" (New York).
FOR COLORS.-National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead Tinting Colors.
These colors are sold in one-pound cans, each can being sufficient to tint 25 pound s of
' trictly Pure White Lead the desired shade; they are in no sense ready-mixed paints, but a com-
uination of perfectly pure colors in the handiest form to tint Strictly Pure White Lead.
A good many thousand dollars have been saved property-owners by having our book on
painting and color-card. Send us a postal card and get both free.
Nashville .. NATIONAL LEAD CO., New York.Waehouse
99, sox, & ro3 Broad Street, Nashville, NATIONAL LEAD CO., New York.
The Exodus Is Heading for Florida.
During the recent immigration con-
vention at Augusta, Ga., which has
just closed, we were impressed with
the general prominence taken by
Florida, both as a State with manifold
and inexhaustible resources and as a
-national health resort.
During the past winter immigration
turned its tide toward Florida in large
numbers, particularly toward Kissim-
mee, where Mr. Hamilton Disston of
Philadelphia, opened up his immense
territory for settlement; and, judging
from present appearances and the
preparations that are being made, the
early autumn will witness an influx of
the better class of immigration such as
perhaps has not taken place in this
country since the "forty-niners"
rushed upon California in their quest
for the yellow metal.
This country is annually sending
abroad over $171,000,000 in round
figures for products, all of which can,
some entirely and some partly, be
produced in Florida; and when to
the high productiveness of the State
is added the further advantage it has
by virtue of its delightful all-the-year-
round climate, Florida may be said to
have entered upon a distinctive new
era of usefulness and prosperity, as
well to the individual settler as to the
State and the nation; thanks to the
far-reaching judgment and bold enter-
prise of Mr. Disston.-National Econ-
The high prices for tomatoes which
prevailed for a time have had their
usual result. The anxiety of the
growers to secure these big prices has
led them to ship tomatoes which were
green and unfit for market; and now,
almost at the end of the season, when
Florida tomatoes should be the largest
and finest in the market, they are
dragging disgracefully along, the tail
end of the lot.
We notice a number of orange trees
are putting on a June bloom. Those
in the house lot of H. Beadel of
Cheshire, Conn., especially, are full of
the fragant blossoms.-Bellevie w
Last month's phosphate shipments
from Port Tampa exceeded any
month yet, reaching a total of about
Make the garden pay double this
year and pay for the loss on oranges.
The tomato has paid for the oranges
and cabbages both.
) 0 <
The yellow jasmine is poisonous in
all its parts, not only to man and ani-
mals, but even to bees and the honey
they make; and it ought to be de-
Like a poor horse or a poor
cow, costs as much to use as
a good one, or more;
being weaker in strength, it
takes more to go round, more
labor, more hauling, more
Handling, and more wear and
tear than a good fertilizer,
like the Bowker.
IT IS A FACT
that one-half ton of Bowker's
fertilizer will go further and
furnish more plant food and
in better forms than a whole
ton of ordinary "phos-
Look into the matter to-day
by sending a postal-card for
our free circular.
74 Bay Street, Savannah, Ga.
S NA. M. BOND, OEN'L AGT. FOR FLA. 4
Lunch, with home-made pies, from 15 cents
up. Regular meals at reduced rates. Board $4
a week ,
M19AIN STREET CAFE,
24 Main Street, Jacksonville, vla.
Y virtue of a writ of execution issued of
-the Circuit Court for Duval county, Florida,
on December 28th, A, D. 1892, upon a decree in
chancery rendered on the 28th day of December
A. D. 1892 against Charles W. DaCosta, defend-
ant, in favor of Jno. C. LI'Engle, complainant, I
have levied upon and will sell at public sale to
the highest bidder, for cash, in front of the
court-house in Jacksonville, Duval county,
Florida, on Monday, July sd, 1804, between the'
legal hours of sale, whatever right, title or inter-
est the said Charles W. DaCosta has in the south
half of lot number 4, in block number 69, accord-
ing to Hart's map of the city of Jacksonville,
Duval county, Florida.
Purchaser to pay for titles.
N. B. BROWARD,.
SheriffDuval County, Florida.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
-oPassagae Raeteas t
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.5o;
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.oo; Intermediate, $21.oo0 Excursion, $47.3o01; Steerage, $14.25
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
(Central or 90 Meridian Time.)
Nacoochee ...................... ........ Sunday, July i, 2.00 p. m.
City of Augusta... ..................................Tuesday, July 3, 5.30 p. m.
City of Birmingham ..................................Friday, July 6, 8.oo a. m.
K ansas City ............................ ....... ....................Sunday, July 8, 9.30 a. m.
Nacoochee ............................. .........................Tuesday, July io, II 30 a. m.
City of Augusta ..................................................... Friday, July 13, 2.30 p. m.
City of Birmingham.... ....................................Sunday, July 15, 4 oo a. m.
Kansas City.... ....................... ..............Tuesday, July 17, 5.30 p. m.
Nacoochee ..................................................... Friday, July2o, 7.oo a. m.
City of Augusta.... ..................................... ... ..Sunday, July 22, 8.ooa.m.
City of Birminghaml......................... .............Tuesday, July 24, 7.30 p. m.
Kansas City....................................................Friday, July 27, 12.30 p. m.
Nacoochee ............. ................................ Sunday, July 29, 2 oo p. m.
City of Augusta............................ ...... .. ..... Tuesday, July 31, 4.30 p.m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON-.
Tallahassee .......................................................Thursday, July 5, 6.30 a. m.
Chattahoochee.................................................... Thursday, July 12, 1.30 p m.
Tallahassee......... ..... ............... ................... .... .Thursday, July 19, 6.oo p. m.
Chattahoochee.............. .......................... ..... Thursday, July 26, 11.30 a. m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.
(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)
Dessoug..................................... .............. Sunday, July 1, 2.3o0 a. m.
Dessoug.... ............................... ........................ Wednesday, July 11, 12.30 p. m.
Dessoug.............. .......................................... Saturday, July 21, 7.ooa. m
Dessoug... ................... .................................... Tuesday July 3, 4.00oo p:m.
THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Florida Central'& Peninsular Railroad.
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to and from all Eastern Points in the South.
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
R. I,. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent
New Pier No. 35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.
W. I, .JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent. Say., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y.
J. L. ADAMS,.Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington st., Boston.
J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, 71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
,WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Tray. Pass. Agt.,
71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. BJ BOURS.
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,
Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,
We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,
Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.
STATE AGENTS FOR PURE GR(
Tigerl-Illen Fertilixer 0o. NITRAT
Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATI
Orange Tree and Iegetable KAINI
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and a trial will convince.
Send for Catalogue free.
THOSE. W. CONRAD,
CAPITAflI $100,000. ....
THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK,
Respeetfully solicits your Deposits, Colleetions and Genetal
Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
ya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Ar
. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davildsc
John E. Hartri
NEW YORK, CHJiRLESTON AND FbhqID blINES.
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-
pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. U.,
both ways :
From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
Monday, May 28th, at 3 p m.......... "IROQUOIS". ........Sunday, June 3rd at 4:00 am
Friday, June ist, at 3 p m........"AIGONQUIN".........Thursday, 7th, at 6:30am
Tuesday, 5th, at 3 p m......... "SEMINOLE" ... ....Sunday, ioth, at ro.oo a m
Friday, 8th, at 3 p m.........."IROQUOIS"..........Thursday, 14th, at l:3o pm
Tuesday, 12th, at 3 p m......... "ALGONQUIN" ........Sunday, 17th, at 4:oo am
Friday, 15th, at 3 p m........."SEMINULE"..... ....Thursday, 21St, at 6.oo am
Tuesday, 19th, at3 p m........ "IROQUOIS" .......... Sunday, 24th, at 8:oo a m
Friday, 22d at 3 p m........."ALGONQUIN" .......Thursday, 28th, at 12.00 n'n
Tuesday, 26th, at 3 p m......... "SEMINOLE" .......Sunday, July ist, at 2:oo pm
Friday, 29th, at 3 p m......... "IROQUOIS" .........Thursday, 4th, at 6:oo am
Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
the St. Johns RiYer.
The elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer
Capt. W. A. SHAW,
Leaves JACKSONVILLE from foot of Laura Street, at 3.30 p. m.
TUESDAYS and SATURDAYS, for
PALATKA, SANFORD, ENTERPRISE,
And Intermediate Landings on the St. Johns River.
Leaves SANFORD, 5.00 a. m., and ENTERPRISE, 5.30 a. m.
MONDAYS AND THURSDAYS, for JACKSONVILLE.
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
1. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Pa.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,.foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'lAgents,
12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.
NURSERIES OF THE
Milwaukee Florida Praqge Co.
Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
For Catalogue and Price-List, address
A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.
Is Different from ters.
It is Intended to aid the planter in selecting the Seeds
best adapted for his needs and conditions and in getting
colored in either sense; and we have.takei, great care that
nothing worthless be put in, or nothing worthy be left out. We
invite trial of our Seeds. We know them because we grow them.
Every planter of Vegetables or Flowers ought to know about our
* three warrants; our cash discounts; and our gift of agricultural
papers to purchasers of our Seeds. All of these are explained in
the Catalogue, a copy of which can be yours for the asking.
J. J. H. CRECORY & SON, Marblehead, Mass.
Potash for Fruits and Vegetables.
Potash Salts are especially beneficial for Fruits and Vegetables of all kinds; on sandylsolls a
marketable variety is impossible without them.
Fertilizers for Fruits and Vegetables should contain from 12 to 15 per cent. of Potash. 'Use fer-
tilizers containing enough Potash, or apply Potash Salts, such as Kainit, Sulphate of Potash and
Muriate of Potash.
For information and pamphlets, address German Kali Works, 93 Nassau St., New York City.
R. WV. DIXION? & SONe ,
190 and 1901 Duane St., New York.
Florida Fruit and Vegetables a specialty, Strawberries a Ispecial feature. Quick sales sad
prompt returns. Bank, Bradteet Commeral Agency.
R Reference-Irving National Bank, Bradstreet Commercial Agency. .
JOHN L. MARVIN,
H. T. BAYA,
H. T. Be
Pr" H. R
ST. JOINS RIVER LINE.
484 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
THE PAINE FERTILIZER CO. OF JACKSONVILLE, FLA.,
-. ..i .AND NEW YORK.
A 1RB HAR I1N TIH]E LEAD THIS SEASON.
THEIR CELEBRATED Brand of TRUCK PARMERS' SPECIAL produced the first best crop of the year, and the patrons of this brand have been very successful and-madelarge sums of
money out of their crops the past year. Messrs. G. W. Bigelow and N. J. Anderson, o IBushnell, Fla., started their crops of Watermelons into market the latter part of May.
Mr. BIGELOW sold two cars in New York, through Sgobel & Day, for $456.00 first car and $530.00 second car-The highest price ever realized in New York. He also sold one car in Boston for
$500, and other cars at fancy prices. No Brand of Fertilizer has Realized One-Third as Good Results. Write for full information regarding our different brands of Special.Mixtures.
S...1111...A FEW FACTS FROM FIGURING: "
,F YOU CAN produce a car load of fine early melons from our Truck Farmers' Special and sell at $300 or over per car in New York,
is it not more remunerative than using slower and cheaper fertilizers ? Let us figure: A car of early melons that cut well will bring
in New York at least $300. Deduct $140 (freight, $110; commission, $30;) and you will get $160 net proceeds. But if you use a fertilizer
that is not. carefully prepared or adapted to the crop and soil requirements of the State you get your melons into a late market and are
fortunate if they bring freight charges. Say, however, two later cars bring a total of $300, you have double freight, amounting to $220,
and commission $30, leaving only $50 as your net proceeds.-OBSERVE THE DIFFERENCE!
DOES IT PAY TO USE HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS IN LARGE QUANTITIES?
By writing to us we can give you some valuable points on this subject and show you how to obtain remunerative crops.
TIIEH PAIiE FE RTIjIZER CO.,
W- We give Remunerative Crops. Others furnish Theory. No. 50 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
Our Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime, prepared from 0. S. Gas Lime, is giving splendid results. Write for copies of the opinions of those who have carefully
tested this article.
We place only those articles on the market that bring remunerative returns. Drop us; a postal for our "Special Opinion about "Fertilizers as a Profitable Investment."
ARCADIA, FLA., December 13th, 1893.
The Paine Fertilizer Co., Jacksonville, Fla.:
GENTLEMEN.-I have read with much interest Prof. Pratt'sanalysis of your 0. S. C. Lime, reported in the FARMER AD FRUIT GROWER of the 9th inst. I purchased two tons of you about three
months ago and sowed it broadcast over two acres of newly cleared up bay-head land. I have now grbwitig over 4,ooo cabbages, I,500 tomato plants, several hundred e gg plants, beets, lettuce, cauliflower
and onions all doing rema-ably well, all of which attribute to the use of your 0. S. 0. Lime. Less than four months ago this garden was a wet, swampy bay-head. I have four acres now to clear
up and shall use a ton to an acre. Yours truly,
Just received a cargo of German Kainit, also large quantities of Potash and Nitrate of Soda and W stern goods. We have a large cargo of Potash (all kinds) and Nitrate of Soda to arrive during
December, and will cut under all prices. Drop us a line for quotations: (Mention this paper.)
Lorenzo A. Wilson. W. G. Too-mer.
WILSON & T00IER,
TE pHFERTIItIZER T4OUSH OF FIUOIIDR.
A FEW OF OURI SPECIAtTIHS.
fH. J. BAKER & BROS. COMPLETE MANURES FOR ORANGE TREES
POTASH-Both High and Low Grade always
in stock, at lower prices than competi-
tors who have it to arrive."
Green River Kentucky Tobacco Stems Always
Fine Ground Tobacco Stems,
Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal,
Canada Hardwood Ashes. Acid Phosphate,
Sublimed Flowers of Sulphur.
BLOOD AND BON-E.
A LARGE STOCK OF---
AX/'WAYS 0 IIAlJ?.
LOW -PRICES. WRITE FOR PRICES ad HANYSIS. QUICK SHIPMENT.
WImS0O' & TOOVIE1,
TIn p1Tr IZE lOUsE OF pIt.oID.~ l,
SUNSET HILL NURSERIES
Contain a list and description of the: Choicest .and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
Family, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown, and tested by us
in our extensive experience of.seventeen years. We carry one of
The Largest SitockW of Citriis Trees in the' United States.
send Ifor circulars. Address &Z. I- I RC ,.,
Sunset Hill, Take Co., Fla,
USE ONLY FER-TILIZER
Manufactured by the
L B. Darling Fertilizer Co.,
OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.
NO OTHERS GIVE EQUAL RESULTS.
0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
No.. 8 Bostwick Block, Corner Bay and Main Streets
Send for Pocket Memoranda Book.
Evaporate Your Fruit at
With the U. S. Cook Stove Drier I -
hundreds of dollars worth of fruit n r AI
can be saved with this machine l
every year. To meet the demand
for a small cheap drier, suitable li dis 11
for use on any ordinary cook, oil
or gasoline stove, we now offer the
above. It is very simple, econom- Ii%.i
ical, efficient and convenient, and *
for farmers' use just what iswanted,
and we believe the cheapest and -
best little drier of its class on the
S$8.50 in value for $5.00. Through '
a special arrangement we are enabled
to offer, the U. S. Cook Stove Drier, ,
the regular price of which is $7.00 for
only $5.00, together with a year's sub- If
peription to the FRiME AND FRUIT
,GROWER. To any one sending a club
of five yearly subscribers at $2.00-
each, or four subscribers and $1.00 in
money we will send one of the driers1
The drier has eight galvanized wire
cloth trays containing twelve square PO
feet of tray surface-the dimensions A4
base 22x16 inches, height 26 inches.
Sent by freight at receiver's expense. Weight, crated, about twenty-seven
It is always ready for use and will last a life-time. Has been thoroughly tested
and approved, and will more than please you. As a great economizer and money
maker for rural people it is without a rival.
Mr. Thomas Patten of Glen St. Mary, Fla., bought one through this lpap ldiast'
year and he writes us. "It is all that could be desired, considering size".
Dandy Garden Plow.
This Plow is constructed almost entirely of iron; is very strong, durable and yet
light, weighing only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very light draft.
The use of this implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable. With it a
man can do a man's work and half the work of a horse. We furnisb with this
plow a sweep and a turnm-shovel as well as the bull tongue shown in the cut. Man-
ufactured's price, $5.00. Price with this paper, $4.00, or given as a premium' fo
three new subscribers at $2.00 each.