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UFPKY NEH LSTA



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 8, 1893
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text



















jI wRHOW]
1I H H Iv I CORPOxA-E, T E *OR I


$2.o0 a Year. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JULY 8, 1893. Whole No. 176 oW s ERoIET


IN BUYING TRB.,EES FOR PRODtTCTION AND PROFITT

Buy of the Well-Known, Reliable, Ten-years'-tested

GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES.
iATRiNMA ORAN N-ES h.ardn a,rid .ir- OLIVES and APRICOTS.
PEARS all kL.,m .,mmen-e Ft.:..:l PIGS and MULBERRIES.
FEA'IHE r,..:- -neLe,-. noze and .',:. POMEGRANATES.
PLI.M, thsit 1 ip.i and na-ttE ,14 CAMPHOR TREES.
.IP.N F KSiIr, NS, .riri'_wall | t..t-.- TEXAS UMBRELLA.-
GRAPES i.:,,:. uppl:, all leading kin,-o GRRVIIIEA ROBUSTA.
PECANS, t.iet Faper-Shell aT.:!.,' MAGNOLIA GRANDIFI,ORA.
VA LLN ti'S, Euglih-h, J.pan o.D CilJd,:'rnid. CITRUS TRIFOLIATA.
CHE-iTNlUTS, Japans Mlamm,:.rth -.-'ry ue ROSES, 5o varieties.
We h-- .'_:.t4her ktind--l.:.t_ 1 of th-n--' s'ie for what you.want.
For Pi ,-'at past -lripl.; -f l'ut'tr have been sent, free of charge, on applica-
ion, and wll" L,.- this y- har; tit :or experience and information as to adaptability to
Ir -lito>:c y i's w:.rt li rm1 m.:.re. We have 'discarded from our own orchards one
aiilety of Is. 1'w- sL.ipp.-.1 41'1) bushels in 1887, and this is but one of the hun-
.r.ic -. .. ,' T it i -s tested. We have built our reputation on fine stock-some people
,i:0v Hi- r1.nit. An Ex-G.:.i:-rn.:,r of Florida writes: "They are beauties, and so ad-
iTl.iav, p',:k,-'d a- to sham n. novice in the business, and even many who pretend
% ,., le lxpi t'."
Pr, ni i-t a r I careful-attention to correspondence. .Prices reasonable. Catalogue
'r,-:. A ,,lre-a : .
A- rGlen St. 3 ary, Fla.
| Glen St. Mary, Fla.


U


BARNETT BRUS.,
-1 -DEALERS IN FRUITS.
We ri- lo.:ttflly ei;'ii shipments of Fruits and Vegetables.
We ar- ri now rmakiuu a specialty of

LrINEALL'1+iE


and'invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects.
Reierc,:'e, by permisi.ion:-A. M. :Ives, Esq., Jacksonville; National Shoe
td .'Leather Bank, New York: the ,Voiuiia C.:urit;, Bauk, D'-Lani.1, Fin., an.] tlj
'ommv'rciaI'Lein arid Trutit Co., Cbiceag,:. 1',' S)oith Wa',ter Sr.


JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,

GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
-DEALERS IN- .

Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
S- JAACISOGO .' ITVILLE, FLA.
PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY
Parker................ ................. SI 15 J. Martin Rye ............. ..... .... 3 00
Orange Valley........................... 00 Virginia Glafles .. ........ ....... 1 00'
Spring Valley ........ ..............:.. 50 Old Bourbon ..: ....... ............... 5 00
North Carqtina Corn ................... 12 50 Kent lckN oSour Alarhb ................ f5 00
C.Ulrton Club ..... ..... ...... Old Baker .............................. 5 00
...Montrose Velvet.............. 1'6t00 .
Jugs Extra 'Oue gallon, :5.c.; r-o gallon: .oc ; three gallon, 7c5. Remit Iby p.Ot office .money
order,chleck'or regi tered letter. We cannot -brp C.O D todry tqy-n. .
& complete pace lbs of Groceries,. and Wine List, ent rree on ap('licaiuon.
JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.

BOONE'S EARLY ORANGE
S TILL LEADS T.HE PROCESSION;
But .he demand being greater than the supply we had to let our "Ad." Lake a rest." Can noC
-dppfv'a limitd onitiberof good. tree can also furiaih a few thousand otber best varieties on
short notice, ar living price- Now 1s the time to plant. AddreAs
--, 0.-A. BOONE, Agt.,
j ORLANDO, I)L.__
v* ... -
is'. .*_ -- :


FREE RIDE TO SEE
ONE MILLION FRUIT TREES,
ROSES, ETC. THE LARGEST STOCK EVER GROWN IN FLORIDA.
Will take R. R. fare from bill of trees to all who will come to Nursery-and purchase to amount
ot double R. R. fare. Come during fruit season. To those who cannot come will send sample
of fruit and cut roses on receipt of ioc per kind to pay postage, packing, etc. Fruit crop large and
complete of varieties adapted to Florida. Send for Samples and know what to expect from
trees you buy, Specialties:-Japan Plums, Jap: P r rnimm-n m. Pr:,lhes, Pears and Grafted.Roses.
Price-list on application. Pom ona W wholesale .Nurseries.
W. D. GRIpFFIISG, Prfopfietor.
"t.acclenny, Fla.


nn ll ;we have n 1rl,-l im,,,rtanl
A DO YOU KNOW la s il rr ,. ECONOMIC
V the Tropics and warm climates of the rIUlI ..rl, _
S Vo l nlm that the sch me just broached by our Horticul-
nUU YOU KIUOW tariO -as alre. y A ll | ,M PART
in C.ur c-t .lh--hmui [ _u,.ume ; I.:,i-..d -.::,le upto LI 1llllU Arl I
the times know this, and are quietly taking advantage of the opportunity
of getting rare plants of us. We can supply Aloe, Bamboo, Camphor, Cin-
namon, Coffee. Dalbergia, Excoecaris; Ficus, Gamboge, Hemp (Sisal), Iron-
bark, Jujube, Kola, Logwood, Mahogany. Nutmeg, Olive, Orange, Pepper,
Quercus, Rice-paper, Strychnine,. Tea, Upas, Vanilla, Wax-myrtle, Xylos-
ma, Yucca, Zingiber plants and hundreds of others.
Send for our large catalogue, which tells allabout it.
REASONEBR BROS., Oneco, Fla.


CONGH PEAS.
THE GREATEST VINE-PRODUCING PEA GROWN.
If you want your ground covered during the hot summer months, you can
do no better than plant this variety. Plant one quart per acre.
O3r t stoolC is : ree irozz Weekrix .
Pint, 20 cents; quart, 40 cents, post-paid; peck, $1.00; bushel, $3.75,. by
freight or express, not postpaid.
Large Stock of Whippoorwill, H G. HASTINGS & C0,
Clay and Unknown Peas at $I.50 per,
bushel, f. o.b. Interahen Fla.
Interlachen, Fla.


CIRCULARS OF

SUNSET HILL NURSERIES
Contain alistanddescription of the Choicest and Most Protitble -arietie4s C. the Citrus
Family, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown, aud tested by us
in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one.of
The Largest Stoclks of Citrus Tkees'in the United States.
Send-for circulars. Address nsetHillLakeo.l,
Sunset Hill, Lake Go., Fla,


NURSERIES OF THE

Milwaukee' Flonida OpDrage Co.
Selected strains of Choicest Varieties Of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. e a ,ime.
Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
Our stock i, large 5uca complete. PROMPT ATTEN IION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
Fpr Catalogue end Price- List. address
A. L. DUNCAN, 1Vanager, Dunledin, Fla.


TREES FOR SUMMER PLANTING.
A full line of the leading varieties of Orange & Lemon Trees at rock-bottom
prices. : Address
DEER ISLAND NURSERIES,
SOakland, Orange Co., Fla.


*





442


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


SPRAY! SPRAY! SPRAY!

A good spraying outfit and a reliable Insecticide are as essential to successful orange growing as the harrow and fertilizers.-
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.



USE THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE,

It is th-e only Reliable, X
Surely effective and cheapest material offered for the destruction of insects. Its proper use will kill the spider, rust mite, aleyrodes, anguil-
lula, moving scale and fungus growths. It is a sure remedy for the "foot-rot" and the "blight" of the orange and the wilt of the pineapple.
It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but will greatly improve the classification of the fruit.
Spraying outfits in great variety at manufacturers' prices.
Correspondence solicited.

E. BEAN,
Jacksonville, Fla,.


SULPHUR SOLUTION
(I S]ETICIDE)
Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree,/and is a sovereign
remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-
onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without
Injury.
This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has
given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.
For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for
the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying tree,
it is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using thi
Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one,
third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it
will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.
For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.
Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.
Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.
McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.


SAVANNAH, FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY

1. TTHE +4 FLORIDA + DISPATCH + LINE 40
WITH THE MAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS.,
,- The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.
The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S. Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford; S., F. & W. Ry. between Jacksonville,
Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah; Savannah and Charleston, and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled. Connections:
NO STH BOUND. SOUTH tOUND. -
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge, Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast Ireight trains both.via Gainesville, Jacksonvile, Calla*
Daily fast"freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all easterfi, Interior and ban and Live Oaks ,. f
Coast points, including New York, Bost.in, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by.the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Qcean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York (New Pier 35, North River,)Jdirect for Savannah Friday, Saturday, Monday and Wednesday.
eridays, Saturdays, Mondays and Wednesdays. '- The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's eamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Jan. 5, 12, 19 and 6,
Two connections week for Baltimore, via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains foi all points
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. .in Florida
Connections for'Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah Jan. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.. leaving Philadelphia Jan. 2, 12, 22. every ten days.'
5, X, 19 and 26. from regular sailing day via New Vork to Savaunab.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants. and Miners' Transportation Co., every Tusday and Friday
Jan. 7 z17 ana 27th. S making close connection with S., F. & W. Ry., for all points in Florida every Tuday and rida
Sailing days for Steamships are subject tochange without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stentlls and shipping
reeelpts apply to.any agents of the above lines, or to
0. P; OWENS, Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. 4_ F. B. PAPY, Division Freight Agent,.Savannah, Ga. W.M-. DAVIDSON, Gen'I Passenger Agt., Jacksonville, Flsa
F S. KNIGHT, Contracting Freight Agent.Jacks bnvlle, i J. H. STEPHENS, Contracting Agent, Jasksonville, FInc.










THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 443


FARLEROWE
S. POWERS, Publisher.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
For One Year ............................... $2.00
For Six Months........................... .oo
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00
WgVSubscriptions in all cases cash in
advance. No discount allowed on one's
own subscription (except in a club), but to
all agents a liberal cash commission will
be allowed on all subscriptions obtained
by them. Write for terms.
5 copies (and one copy free 6 mo's), $ 7.50
1 1 ......................... 12.50
16 ....... ................. 15.00
These may be either new or old, and
may be collected from any number of
postoffices, if the remittance is in a lump
sum.
To every new subscriber or club-raiser
we will send, postpaid, a copy of Whit-
ner's "Gardening in Florida" or Moore's
"Orange Culture."
Rates of advertising on application.
Remittances should be made by check,
postal note. money order or registered
letter to order of
.FARLrB.R ARN FtvIT GROWeR,
Jacksonville, Fla.


Qrove and Oricard.


I Editorial Notes.
A very successful horticulturist was
once asked whether a certain variety
of fruit would do better on the south
slope of the hill or the north slope.
He replied that the slope of the man
had more to do with it than that of
the hill.
Ralph Waldo Emerson used to say,
never read a new book until it is a
year old at least. This would be good
advice as to new trees and new vege-
tables. Try one. Let* the gudgeons
try hundreds. If the article has merit
you will soon hear of it from somebody
else besides the tree peddler.
Some of the Lawtey housekeepers
have discovered that it is a very good
combination to can LeConte pears
and pineapples together. The pears
are not very rich and the pines sup-
plement their deficiency nicely. They
can up in the ordinary way whichever
is ripe first, and when the other fruit
is. ready they mix them together, heat-
ing both as usual. Or, if both fruits
are at hand together, they can be
mixed and canned together. One lady
has tried canning pineapples cold, sim-
ply sugaring them down so as to cover
them with juice and putting them up
without heating.s The result of the
experiment yet remains to be seen.
Its success is certainly to be hoped
for, as a pineapple does not lend itself
to cookery as well as most other fruits.
Growers in this State are frequently
annoyed by a spot or two of "dead
soil" in an otherwise fine grove-that
is, a small spot where, on account of
hardpan, quicksand or some poisonous
acid in the soil or sub-soil, trees will
not flourish but are continually trou
bled with dieback. We have in mind
such a grove--a handsome property
for the most part, but deformed by
two or three such places-the owner
of which has worked faithfully for
seven years and has. at last overcome
the trouble. He. has carted in veger
table matter by the ton, wiregrass,
broom-grass, briers, palmetto, :etc.,


and when it rotted down he had it
spaded in or hoed in at the extremities
of the roots. Muclk was spaded in;
ashes and potash were sprinkled on
Finally a sweet and wholesome soil
was created and the trees have a
healthy foliage and a good crop of
fruit, when right over the fence an
orange tree will die in six weeks.
As "Rural" says of the Peentos,
so of the LeConte pear; if properly
treated it is pretty good-very good-
not the best in the world, but still
excellent-but if not, it is next to
nothing. A very shrewd fruit mer-
chant of New York said to the writer
a few days ago, "If your people
would pick the LeContes just at the
right time, keep them two or three
days in a dark place,. then wrap them
so as to have them still in the dark
and ship them under some other name
than LeConte, they would bring two
or three times the money they will if
shipped as LeContes in the ordinary
way.' There is a slight tinge of moral
obliquity in this hint as to suppressing
the name, yet the suggestion is not
altogether indefensible. Both "Le
Conte" and "Peento" have come to
signify a clownish thing; and if a
bright man, a genius, takes hold of
them he can make such a wonderful
transformation in their real qualities
that he would seem to have as much
right to change the name of his fruit-
for commercial purposes merely-as
would the man who commits forgery
and then goes to a new country and
changes his name in the hope of living
down his youthful misdeeds.
1,* <
THINNING PEACHES.-An exchange
which we cannot name objects to the too
common practice of omitting the thin-
ning of the peach crop till the stones
are fully formed. The greatest strain
is asserted to be on the tree while the
stones are forming, and at that time
the trees are overtaxed. To avoid this
mistake, the fruit is thinned as soon as
set, and two weeks afterward. The
fruit remaining swells up rapidly, and
the trees are enabled to make good
growth for another season.

MONEY FROM SMALL FRUIT.-E. Z.
W. gives some very just views in the
New England Farmer. He has in
time past realized from two up to eight
hundred dollars per acre from straw-
berries; but the time for large profits
from small fruits has long since past,
and will never .be seen again. One of
the greatest mistakes which would-he
growers make is to think that if bne
acre will bring in a net profit of two
hundred dollars, twenty-five acres will
produce twenty-five times as much
profit. It would, no doubt, provided
there were twenty-five times as much
expended in cultivation, etc., but-there
seldom is, and that is where the trouble
conies in. The cultivation of the straw-
berry'pays far better than any ordinary
field crop, though it naturally costs
more to secure it, the outlay for plants,
cultivation, harvesting, packing, etc.,
far exceeding per acre that expended
on corn, wheat or oats per acre.

If you feel weak
and all worn out take;
BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
... *A


Cull and Drop Oranges.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
In a former article I made some
suggestions in regard to the prepara-
tion of oranges for market, labor and
time saving appliances, and the crea-
tion of a home market by the estab-
lishment of hundreds of well-equipped
packing-houses.
There is, however, one disturbing
element in the orange business that
ought to be eliminated, viz.: Drops
in the grove and culls in the packery.
These are too good to be thrown away,
yet damaging to pack with good fruit,
to which latter there is a great tempta-
tion. Besides in seasons of large crop
they add to the evils of glutted markets.
What shall be done with them ?
The following are a few of the ways
of using and getting full value for
them :
ORANGE PEEL AND ITS OIL.
With something like an apple parer
the yellow part of the rind can be
quickly removed for drying or extract-
ing the oil. There is great use of
dried orange peel in all of the popular
bitters. We can prepare the peel for
such use much thinner, cleaner and
better than that from present sources.
There are four ways of converting
the expressed juice into valuable pro-
ducts.
SODA WATER SYRUP.
The strained, clarified juice can be
simmered down and prepared for use
at soda fountains. This makes a fine
syrup that would soon take high rank.
among the fruit flavors.
There is a house in New York that
manufactures and sells at high prices
soda water syrups from strawberries,
raspberries, oranges, etc., and to
prove them genuine they do not take
out the pulp and seeds of the berries
nor the vesicles of the orange. This
doubles the product and profit, but
this refuse matter being left in is all
wrong.
If these people can buy oranges
and make a profit, much better can we
do with our cheap but good refuse
fruit, the sale of such a syrup would
be enormous, as the whole of the
United States would be a market
for it:
( RANCE JELLY,
The juice can be easily converted
into an elegant jelly, transparent and
of delicate flavor.
MARMALADE.
For this the juice and pulp are used.
One never sits down to a breakfast or
supper table'in the hotels of Scotland
without finding several kinds of mar-
malade, prominent among them being
that from sour-bitter oranges. Marma-
lade made from our rich oranges, tinc-
tured with the flavor of the peel or
with a portion of sour orange, could
be -so cheaply furnished that the hotels
here would adopt it.
SWINE.
The foregoing, ought to absorb all
Florida oranges unsuitable for ship-
ping. If nqt, as a' last resort, a su-
perior and very cheap wine, resem-
bling sherry, can be made from them.
To avoid hardness or flavor the
juice should be clearedlof all vesicles
arfd pulp.


Last winter I made a five-gallon
demijohn of sweet orange wine in the
way hereinafter described. A pound
and a half of sugar to the gallon of
juice was used. The fermentation
was complete in a few weeks, and the
wine is good and appears to be sound.
It fined quickly. Orange juice is not
very rich in sugar, and two pounds
may be necessary. The juice has so
much flavor and aroma that some per-
sons double and even triple with
water, and yet make a good wine.
For domestic wine making, demi-
johns are best. There is no leakage,
no exposure to the air, and fermenta-
tion can be pushed with safety in a
high atmospheric temperature. This
rapid fermentation, however, must be
done so as to exclude all outer air
and yet allow free exit for the gas.
For this insert a goose quill or tube in
the cork and on this slip and tie a
piece of 4 -inch rubber pipe some ten
inches long. Fill the demijohn not
quite full. You may set the demijohn
near the kitchen stove for a short
while to hasten ersmenstation. When
this begins seal the cork and t'ibe on
tight with wax, and turn 'the rubber
pipe into a small bottle of water.
There will not be the least danger of
acetic fermentation. When the gas
bubbles entirely cease,_ the wine is
ready for fining.
I have thus briefly described this
simple, rapid and safe way of wine
making because it is so well adapted
to this warm climate. It originated
in Germany in connection with exper-
iments to bring the juice of imperfectly
ripened grapes to the standard by re-
ducing the acid with water and adding
grape sugar.
Anyone desiring full particulars of
the experiments, processes and results
of this method is referred to the U. S.
Agricultural Report of 1858 or '59.
I tried it thirty years ago on wild
grapes, fermenting the pulp, seeds
and skins, and made a delicious fruity
wine. "
Where much wine is made glucose
(grape sugar) is better and cheaper
than cane sugar. It ferments more
perfectly and makes a more dry and
attenuated wine.
Glucose is much used by wine
makers, brewers, confectioners and
lor adulterating relined cane sugar, and
though made from potato starch or
corn meal is chemically identical with
grape sugar.
CONCLUSION.'
Every large orange packery could at
small outlay have appliances for using
up cull and drop oranges, in some one
or more of these ways, or an outsider
could do it. A new industry would
be created to save what is; now al-
most a total loss. Full value would
go to the grower and a fair profit to
the packery;, with much advantage to
the orange trade.
In view of the ever increasing
orange production, of glutted markets
and consequentlow prices, it seems to
me important to start and push vigor-
ously the manufacture of these by
products, viz.: orange peel, soda
water syrup, jelly, marmalade and
wine. That jhey will be profitable
cannot be douIbted, and that culls and
drops ,will soon be insufficient to suip-


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


448


* *




THE FLORIDA FARMER AND




THE FLORIDA FARMER AND, FRUIT-GROWER.


444


ply the demand, so that when ship-
ping-oranges fall below paying prices,
the lower grades may be retained at
home.
L. H. ARMSTRONG,
St. Nicholas, Fla., June 25, 1893.
'
Rural's Rambling Dots-No. 3.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
The greatest drawback Florida has
in the way of peach raising is the
heavy transportation charges and un-
reliable service. People complain
about it, mass meetings resolve against
it, editors and correspondents write
ab6ut it, but that is all the good it
does. Railroad men have no hearts;
they don't care what you say about
them; you can scald them and roast
them, but they are mum; they never
reply; this is the only defence they
have-holding their jaw. The prin-
cipal reason is they have nothing to
say; if they happen to open their
mouths to reply they are gone; if they
would only argue -their point they
would be wound up in no time, and
soon see the error of their ways.
The other0.j oad man lost
-his-hbear. He undertook to reply to
a grievance made by an Illinois man;
it was a bad job. He was soon sorry
he wrote it, and perhaps sorry he ever
knew how to write. What he thought
was a just argument as to why the
rates made by railroads should be
maintained was proved by the writings
of editors and correspondents to be
false and unbusiness like, and he, as
the boys say, was knocked out on the
first base, and will remain out when
the game is called.
The argument used is: The roads
must pay expenses, and as they have
only so much to carry, the rate must be
fixed to cdver them. If, for instance,,
ten cars of freight per day net $500,
and $500 are required from that branch
per.day, with other incomes, to pay
the running expenses of the road,
should the business drop to five cars
per day the -rate must be doubled to
secure the amount required_?No effort
is made to secure other business. One
of the writers in the above mentioned
case,presented this story as an illustra-
tion of the policy of the transportation
companies:
Once upon a time a man kept a ho-
tel in Ohio. A railroad being built
near by cut off his trade entirely.
About two years afterwards a well-
dressed drummer selling some patent
whirligig stopped with the landlord
over night, and next morning he called
for his bill. The landlord, in a pleas-
ant sort of a way, said: "A man who
runs a hotel ought to get pay for it,
hadn't he?"
"Oh, yes; certainly, certainly," re-
plied the drummer.
"He: ought to make a fair living,
hadn't he?" continued the landlord.
"Of course he had," put in the
stranger.
"$300 a year is not too much for
running a. hotel like this, is it,
stranger?"
"No, that's very low indeed, very
low," put in the drummer.
"Well,; stranger, that will. be about
the size of your bill. You are the first
man who, has stopped here in two
years. Two. threes equals $6oo-the
amount of your bill."


This is about the argument of the
companies, the policy and principle
they pursue.
The problem the peach-groweri
have to face is excessive transporta-
tion charges. It costs $2.50 to lay
down a bushel of peaches in New
York and $i.8o in Baltimore. When
they sell in Baltimore for $2.50
a bushel, the net, a ter commis-
sions, is but 60 cents. This will
not pay as the picking and packing
will cost that. When they run $4
and $5 per bushel at the beginning
of the season there is something left
for the grower; but when we strike
the average of the season the grower
does not realize more than $1.50 per
bushel. If we could put our peaches
in New York at $i a bushel the
growers could make money, but as it
is the returns are too small for the.
investment, and the. industry will
gradually go out as far as growing
peaches for New York is concerned,
unless the rates are lowered materially.
One claim the transportation com-
panies make to their agents is that
"the labor in these lines to the north
is high-priced, which makes what
appear excessive charges una\ oida-
ble." If this were the case it is very
unfortunate for the grower as well as
the consumer. But is this true? Is
it true that the excessive charges are
required to pay the operating expenses
of the road? If it were true there
might be some excuse in the over-
charge, at least we would know that
the men who perform the labor were
being well paid. But it is not true,
as the men are not paid more than
other lines pay for similar services.
It is the officers who are overpaid,
and Rural could easily show where
thousands and thousands of dollars
go to persons whose services could be
dispensed with, as they act only as a
figure head, and a wooden one would
do about as well and cost much less.
ED. RUMLEY.
Keuka, Fla.
Japan Plums-$15 a Bushel.
These plums begin to ripen early in
June, some of them in July, and the
latest of all (the Kelsey) in August.
Gathered when they begin to color
up, wrapped -and packed carefully,
they stand long transportation and will
arrive at distant markets in prime con-
dition. We have been advised that
two third-bushel boxes shipped to Chi-
cago from Hammond early in June,
sold at $5 per box or at the rate of
$15 per bushel.
This magnificent fruit, however,
has some faults and the principal one
is their liability to overbear. We have
seen three-year-old Botans and Kel-
seys so loaded that there seemed to be
more fruit than leaves. This would
suggest the w isdo-n of a severe thin-
ning, first to prevent the tree from be-
coming stunted, and secondly to in-
crease the size of the fruit.
In regard to the stocks the Marianna
is generally preferred as being more
likely to be longer lived, but it is said,
they.do equally as well on their own
roots. We have also grown them on-
peach, stock, but our impression is that.
in case this is used the trees, like the
peach, would have a short existence,
besides would be liable to the attacks


-TH; E


S. B. HUBMA A Gt COMPAFNYT
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

HARDWARE AND STOVES,,,
DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH.
sAW NILrl s-F'vLIEe.


We are State
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BUCKEYE

MOWERS,
A complete storel of
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Repairs on Jlind at
Factory P1rices.


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The 6-foot is sultr
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ORANGE GROVES;
Writ for' Prisi -


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of all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse.and Hand Toolsi sold
at factory prices. Send for catalogues.


PLANET JR. HORSE HOE WITH LRVER AND LEVER WHEEL .


iRRIGATING. MACHINERY
BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER.


Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers
Wrought and Galvanized Pipp, Valeyp4a,
Fittings, Hose,; Etc. Estimates furnished-,
for Plants put in complete and,' ga.r-.
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AGENTS FOR

All Letters Answered the Day they are Received.
THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY,
JACKSO NVILL .
>;.;.:'---J:ACK89N:VIILL4 Ak -


4.-


a









THE FLORIDA FARMER AN]) FRUIT-GROWER. V445


of the borer, the bane of peach cul-
ture. In conclusion, the Times-
Democrat would advise our horticul-
taral friends to notice particularly the
varieties above, also several others,
the Normand Japan and Bailey, with
a view of future planting, for we be-
lieve there is a bonanza for them in
these oriental plums.-N. 0. Times-
Democrat.
*
CHICAGO LETTERS-NO. III.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower :
Before coming here we heard many
reports of extortionate charges in every
department. We have found nothing
of the kind. One can spend here as
Smuch'or as little as one chooses. If
he wishes to pay $io a day for board
he will find stylish hotels to accom-
modate him. In that respect he can
do as many of the Northern tourists
in Florida do. He can pay high for
style- or reasonable prices for plain,
substantial living.
We would especially urge every
orange grower to come and examine a
':quiet little corner in the Horticultural
Building. It is the Italian exhibit of
citrus -fruits, and if each grower and
packer will take home to himself the
lesson taught by the showing of ex-
treme care in the packing of the fruit
there would be hundreds of thousands
of 'dollars saved to the growers of the
State. We may despise the "Dago"'
.but: we can learn many points from
him in fruit packing.
California's display of citrus fruits
is a fine one and no expense or trouble
-is being spared to keep it up. As" soon
as -fruit shows any sign of withering it
is-removed and fresh put in. Outside
*of- citrus California has no fresh fruit
*on exhibition, although cherries from
.that State have been on sale at the
,.fruit stands all over the city. In
public appropriations and private ex-
hibits we should judge that California*
will-spend over-$2,ooo,ooo and it will
be a,paying investment for her.
One thing we notice. The States
and countries that want new settlers
the most are the ones who have spent-
the most money in a creditable display:
of. their resources and products. This
--is4 especially true of Washington,
*North and South Dakota, Calif-,rrii,
Idaho and Oregon and Colorado, also
New South Wales, Canada and Mexico.
'These last named countries have a
display in every department of the-
,Exposition 'from agriculture to the
-fine-arts.
-There is another thing for Flori-
dians to observe and profit by. The
-men who wish to improve their con-
dition by emigrating to -some other
-State are .here in Chicago and. they'
"-are examining the products of other,
-States with- interest. They are going
. where the prospect is most promising
.-and-the-States and countries that have
shown up what' can be done are, the
- ones that will profit by it.
Since our last letter the-appearance
of the Florida State Building has been
somewhat improved, but the arrange
--ment of -exhibits shows no taste.
'They have a ."thrown-together" look
-that -is-far from pleasing. The arch
--of oranges in-the Horticultural Build-
-ing-has,- for a wonder, been renewed
but with oranges whose rusty skins do
not show up the advantagesol Florida


as a bright-fruit producer. The pine-
apples are the only things that are up
to the average standard of growth.
We have noted before the excel-
lence of the packing of the Italian
fruit. It is in a measure true of the
California packing. The box used
is similar to the Florida box, al-
though. made of different wood.
A solid head is used and on every
box we saw the firm name of the
packer prominently displayed. They
are not ashamed of their fruit or pack-
ing. The boxes are received in good
condition, and perfectly dry. Boxes
are nailed with wire nails and strapped
the same as in Florida. All oranges
as taken from the boxes show a perfect
shape and are not mashed out of shape
as the Floridas so often are, yet the
fuitr received is firm in the box. The
secret of it is that the fruit is
thoroughly cured before packing.
There is no "sweating" after the fruit
is packed.
After conversation with California
growers we find that the producer
in Florida has the advantage. The
California producer does not ship the
fruit. He sells to the packing-house
companies who have. an- association
and pay the producer what they
please. The packing houses have
paid from 20 to 60 cents per box for
oranges this past season. The pack-
ing firms are getting the benefits, not
the growers.
This is the California orange situa-
tion as seen from. the Chicago stand-
point and gathered from interviews
with California growers.
H. G. HASTINGS.
Chicago.

Consensus of Opinion on Pear
Blight..


where I was told it never showed
itself in the orchard, and for a time I
thought it true, but alas! we are con-
fronted now by-the sight of many near-
ly ruined orchards.
The cause, I fear, has never up to
this time been satisfactorily solved;
but my experience leads me to believe
we can guard against it to a great ex-
tent. I find that the tree can be in-
jured by kindness, and 'the rule here
with the average grower to crowd his
trees by feeding them all, and in many
cases more, highly condensed nitroge-
nous fertilizer than the trees could
'consume, is conducive of the disease
is shown by the fact that the trees thus
treated are more subject to blight than
those not fed so highly. When I com
menced my orchard here I was in very
poor health, not strong enough to do
much hard work, and not able finan-
cially to .hire it done, and I soon found
out that I had bit off more than I could
"chaw;" that is, that I had put out
more trees than I could, as I thought,
take proper care of. Up to this time
I have but six trees out of two hun-
dred that show blight, and those are
trees that had stable manure applied
late in the season,- and produced a late
fall growth; and, by the way, I think, a
heavy fall growth has a great tendency
to cause blight the year following. Con-
stant cultivation, with a very light fer-
tilization up to the first of July on the
most-of our sandy soils will produce
growth enough for a healthy and pro-
ductive tree.
Mr. L. W. Plank said: In my opin-
ion the blight, if not caused by, .is at
least greatly increased, by the use of
stable manure, cottonseed meal, blood
and bone and other nitrogenous ma-
nures. In my house-orchard the trees
in the back efid, near the stable, where


The DeFuniak Breeze gives the I had wheeled out the manure from
opinions of three prominent growers the stable, the blight started, and has
on this subject: been the worst, while at the east end,
Mr. G. W. Mellish says: A mem- where there has been no stable manure
ber of the Illinois Horticultural So- used, there has been but very little
city is quoted as saying recently that evidence ofdisease.
he had been cutting blight out of one The fact that the blight always starts
pear tree for twenty-four years, and it in the spring would seem to indicate
was a good tree yet.. So far as I can that late frosts have something to do
ascertain this seems 'to be the best with it. After the first of June, if the
remedy. Cut out blighted limbs and blight is cut out it is not likely to appear
twigs just as soon as they appear, any more that season. aI believe the
The more thoroughly this is done the best preventive is the use 'of potash
better will be the results. -In cutting and phosphate fertilizers exclusively,
be sure to get six inches or a foot and clean, but not deep, cultivation in
below atiy sign of diseased -bark, and the early part of the season, say until
keep the knife or saw free from con- July ist, and then let your orchard
tact with diseased wood, and burn alone, so far as cultivation is concerned,
everything cut off. Supplement this until the next spring. As a cure, I
with thorough cultivation, keeping the would cut out every diseased limb or
trees well supplied-with a complete twig as fast as the disease appears at
fertilizer, to induce a healthy, vigo- least six inches below the point of ap-
rous growth, and such thrifty parent affection.
growing varieties as the LeConte, ,,
and Kieffer will coinme out all -right. Ripley and Ripley Queen.
It seems reasonable to suppose that a Editor Farmer and'Fruit-Grower:
well-fed vigorous growing tree will In the June ryth number of your
overcome the effects Qf disease better valuable paper there is a clipping,
than a weak, stunted tree. In fact the "Defence of the Ripley -Queen," as
longer I work.with fruit trees the more you have put it. Those men men-
impressed I am with the idea that an tioned would like it if they could palm
abundance of good manure is abso- off that little, worthless apple they are
lutely necessary to secure the best bringing here from Jamaica, called
results. Ripley, for'the Ripley Queen. This
Mr. G. H. Hollowell writes: I had is one of the finest pines, as we grow
a, long fight with the rnalady in the it here, weighing six pounds, arid in
States north of the Ohio river, but quality there is n'.ne better; while the
finally gave up vanquished, and Ripley weighs two to. two and a half
came to Florida eight years ago; pounds only, and so-poor in 'quality


that an Indian River or an Orlando
pineapple grower never would attempt
to eat it. Two years ago the Black
Antigua and the White Antigua came
to us; they were wonders, weighing
twenty and twenty-five pounds, and
they have turned out to be one of the
most worthless in use. The Black
Jamaica is one of the best pines grown;
is large, and most excellent in quality.
I have seen plants, quite a large plot
in one place on Indian River, that
came to the planter from Jamaica,
named Black Jamaica, and they are
this same little, worthless Ripley in
question. A year ago parties started
quite a trade in these Ripleys from
Jamaica.
I saw several plots of them at differ-
ent points on Indian River and Lake
Worth; usually there were two, and in
some places I found three, distinct'
varieties in the same row under one.
name.
I have not seen any of this spring's
importation of .plants, but a friend
down there writes me of one cargo,
saying that they looked "as though
some one had grubbed up an old
plantation of plants for them."
I regret very much. to write these
severe things of any business, and I
should not, only these parties went
into print with big tales of these won-
ders from Jamaica, and I have fol-
lowed. JAMES MOTT.
[EDITORIAL COMMENT.]
We are confident that in the above
article our friend Mr. Mott is quite
sincere in his statements, but -that he
has been misled ormisinformed on one
point. There can be no question that
the Ripley and Ripley Queen of Jamai-
ca are identical with what is known by
that name among the English pine
growers. It agrees in every detail
with the description given in their
Pineapple Manual and those learned
English botanists, Mr. W. Fawcett,
B. S. C., F. G. S., chief of the Ja-
maican Agricultural Bureau, and Mr.
J. H. AI-art, Director of the Royal
Botanical T_-ardenr, Trinidad, have
never questioned this fact or imagine
that it..has ever been questioned else-
where..
Some plants were received from our
Agricultural Department years:- ago
labelled Ripley Queen," which
were identical with our common
Queen, which we call Egyptian."
The writer purchased all the. plants
from the pinery of the late A. I. Bid-
well for two successive seasons which
were called Ripley Queen." 'These
have been bearing fruit identical -with
our Egyptian Queens and are, plants
and all, identical with our own in
every detail.


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When we say cure we do not mean simplyto
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4I-


)445


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.







446 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


J. ALEX. LITTLE, President.


LITTLE BR0'8 FERTILIZER AND
(LI MITE D.)

JACKSONVILLE,


LOCKHART LITTLE, Secretary and Treasurer


PHO8PHATK COMPANY,


FLORIDA


1AUAOTUREROS O


4-HIGH


FOR AiI ctnASsES OF TREES AHD PiAXTS.

IMPORTERS OF POTASHES, NITRATES, and the famous CALCUTTA BONE. The largest stock of FERTILIZER MATERIAL in the South
A Special Invitation Extended to All to Visit Our Factory. PROMPT SHIPMENTS. GREAT CARE AND ATTENTION GIVEN TO ALL ORDERS.


OFFICE, 24 EAST BAY STREET. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


FACTORY, SOUTH JACKSONVILLE, FLA,


Egg Plant Culture.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
I am a subscriber and attentive
reader of THE FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER. I take several agricultural
papers and consider yours the best.
I want information; no doubt you or
some of your readers can tell me what
I want to know.
Please tell the best way of raising
egg plants and the best fertilizer for
the vegetable. I find it, indeed, a
hard matter to raise the plants, and
also to bring them to fruit after trans-
planting.


Lakeland.


ANXIOUS INQUIRER.


As "Anxious Inquirer" does not
state just what his difficulty is in try-
ing to raise egg plants, I can only give
general directions for that purpose.
In the first place, do not try to grow
them where'you are troubled much with
root-knot; it will be time and trouble
wasted. Ground that is comparative-
ly free from this trouble isespecially
necessary for seed and transplanting
beds, so that the plants can go to the
field with clean, healti-y roots.
These beds should be well fertilized
with some good commercial fertilizer
a few weeks before using them, and
well watered at least a week before.
I transplant into beds that can be.
conveniently covered, setting the
plants the last year or two seven
inches apart in the bed,-;so that I can
cut them out with a spade, and put
them where I want them without wilt-
ing. The beds' should be well watered
before cutting the plants out.
Probably any of the standard fertil-
izers will do for them, and should be
worked in below the surface.
A good plan is to open with a turn-
ing plow, putting the fertilizer in the
bottom- of the furrow, and then run a
bull-tongue back and forth to mix it
in well, using at least two pounds to.
the plant, with the addition of from' a
quarter to a half pound of kainit.
After cultivation will be frequent
stirring of the surface soil, especially
after rain.
A liberal top dressing, of fertilizer,
well, worked in, would be of great
benefit in case of frequent rains.
CHAS. KERR.'"
Archer, FI. ,


Mexican Clover. open in the morning and closed in the
Mexican clover (Richardsonia sca- evening. Bees of all kinds and but-
bra) is an annual plant of the Natural terflies seek the bloom."
Order Rubiacese. It is a native of *"
Mexico and South America. It has Exhibit of the German KaliWorks.
become extensively naturalized in Among the agricultural exhibits at
some parts of the South. Under fa- the World's Fair, one of the most in-
vorable circumstances it grows rapid- teresting is that of the German Kali
ly, with succulent, spreading, leafy Works, in which the products of the
stems, which bear the small flowers great potash mines are displayed.,
in heads or clusters at the ends of the These mines are located at Stassfurt,
branches and in the axils of the leaves. Germany, and furnish, as is well
The flowers are funnel-formed, white, known, nearly the entire supply of
about half an inch long, with four to potash, a valuable plant food and
six narrow lobes and an equal number ingredient of every complete fertil-
of stamens inserted on the inside of izer. The potash coming from this
the corolla tube. The stem is some- source is found in large quantities in
what hairy, the leaves opposite and, the form of solid masses of potash
like other plants of this order, con- salt, most of which are subjected to a
nected at the base by stipules or manufacturing process by which they
sheaths. The leaves are oblong or are concentrated and made ready for
elliptical and one or two inches long. use. The exhibit comprises a full
Mr. John M. McGehee, of Florida,
says: "We here call the plant Florida
clover, others call it water parsley,
and others bell fountain. This plant
is now attracting more interest in this
section than any other article of farm-
ing .interest. It is very troublesome to
farmers in the cultivation of their K oa01i0.n
crops; its growth is very rapid. It
contains a great deal of.water and is
hard to cure as a hay. Some call it
very good hay, others say it is worth- r 8
less. For the last fifty years it has
been regarded as a great pest to farm-
ers. It is now coming into notice as | (0 1 .
an element in green soiling, which has _.
never been practiced in this section .---- '. .- -7
heretofore."
Mr. Matt. Coleman, of Florida, collection of these minerals, which
says: "The tradition is that when the are highly interesting to the geologist
Spanish evacuated Pensacola, this and agricultural student.
plant was discovered there by the cav- There are many varieties of crude
alry horses feeding upon 'it eagerly. potash salts, differing in their chemi-
Hearing of this, I procured some of cal composition; among them carnal-
the seed and have been planting or lite and kainit are the most import-,
cultivating it in my orange grove from ant. From these.are manufactured the
that time to the present as a forage concentrated salts, such as muriate of
plant and vegetable fertilizer. I find potash and sulphate of potash and
it ample and sufficient. It grows on many other chemicals.
thin, pine land from four to six feet, All these products are fully dis-
branches and 'spreads in every direc- played at the exhibit, as. well as pho-
tion, forming a thick matting and tographs of the mines and maps
shade to. the earth, and affords all the showing and illustrating their location.
mulching my trees require. One hand Especially interesting to the agricult-
can mow as much in one day as a urist are 'various illustrations of ex-
horse will eat in a year; two days' sun periments and graphic tables reveal-
will cure it ready for housing or stack- ing in a striking manner the benefi-
ing, and it makes a sweet, pleasant cial effect of potash upon crops and
flavored hay; horses and cattle both the important part which this element
relish it. The bloom is white, always plays in plant nutrition.


The pavilion in which the exhibit
of the German Kali Works is con-
tained is of great architectural beauty.
It is the tallest structure of all agri-
cultural exhibits and built in renais-
sance style, richly decorated with
allegorical figures; the work is of Mr.
Westphal, a well known sculptor of
Berlin.
From the German newspaper, the
Chicago Daheim, May 28, we trans-
late the following notice: "The great
importance of the Stassfurt potash
salts to agriculture is universally rec-
ognized; it is a product which is un-
deniably necessary even for the Amer-
ican farmer who pursues a rational
tillage of the soil. Wholly in keeping
with the great significance and the
imposing appearance of the German
Potash Works, the latter have installed
in the Agricultural Hall a pavilion
which, in the splendor 'and scope of
its decorative features as well as the
varied richness of its contents, occu-
pies the foremost position."
To Make a Mature Potato.
The sweet -potato is like an orange,
it requires a long growing season to
make a thoroughly mature potato
that will keep well. A ripe sweet
potato will keep under fair treatment,
almost like corn. Hence the plant-
ing should be concluded not later
than July 15, or by July I in North
Florida where frost falls earlier.
Of the two extremes, choose a dry
one rather than a wet one for setting.
To set plants in a bed of mud is like-
ly to produce scald and rust. If the
beds are dry, knock off a bit of the
ridge, making a hole say two: inches
deep, set the. vine, pour in a gill of
water, then draw the dry earth over
it to prevent scalding by'the sun.
The consensus of opinion seems to
be that in a wet season and rich soil
it is a good plan to break the vines
loose from the soil more or less, -or-
cut them off, or beat and knock them
about, as some Florida farmers do,; to
prevent too much growth of foliage; -
but in a dry year or oon a poor' soil.
they had better be let alone.
If plantings are made after July 15
they will, unless frosts holds off very
late, produce inmature tubers fit only
for stock feed.. They should" not be
pitted or housed with' the mature
potatoes,' lest they cause the entire
lot to decay.


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


446


GRADE


fEIR TILIZESg-


___04__









THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


Poultry.
Edited by E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.
Notes in Passing-No. 1.
If you would attain the largest size
pullet and best cockerel separate them
at two months old; if they can be
placed in yards quite remote from each
other so much the better.
The American Stockkeeper says,
feed young fowls five times a day and
give them as great a variety of food
as possible; at five months your pullets
will be laying.
We should say if fed three times a
day you will secure as good results;
that is our experience. Of course he
refers to chicks from eight weeks to
full grown. Grass or green food of
some kind is necessary during hot
weather. The temperature of a fowl
is 10 degrees.higher than man, so you
can imagine their suffering during the
weather of the past week. Fresh
water and shade are necessary; if
either is neglected the stock will show
the effects of it, if disease does not
follow as a consequence.
Our poultry journals say that the
demand for eggs to hatch far exceeds
any previous year, which shows that
the poultry business is still looking up.
A co-operative poultry association
in California has passed resolutions
asking the Secretary of Agriculture to
establish a sub-experiment station in
California, stating that the poultry far
exceeds many branches of agriculture
that they give aid and succor to, and
why not poultry? We heartily second
their efforts and hope they will succeed
in not only establishing a station in
California but a dozen of them in
different parts of this great country
of ours. The y put good men
at their head we could learn a great
deal about diseases and their cause
and 'remedy that we are now so much
at sea about.
It is not too early to commence our
talk about the South Florida Fair to
be held at Orlando early in '94. They
have offered to build a special build-
ing for poultry and poultry appliances
and hold out inducements to the whole
State to exhibit. I think if an effort
is made and an early start we can or-
ganize* a regular poultry association
and' hold annual fairs at some central
-point. At the close of the last fair
quite a few promised to exhibit, some
as high as ioo birds. Let us make a
start this year and see what can be
done. All those who will exhibit
please communicate with me and state
how many birds you will show. If a
sufficient encouragement is offered we
will find out what amount of premiums
are offered and the varieties. If there
is not sufficient inducement we are not
bound to accept or show at all; but I
am sure they will do all they can af-
ford to do, and the number of entries
will have a considerable to do with
the amount offered. There is nothing
that educates people like a first-class
exhibit of fine poultry; and our busi-
ness will never thrive until we get the
masses interested in good stock.
Old fowls are beginning to shed
their feathers and the rainy season is
upon us, a good time to develop dis-
ease. Give plenty of stimulating food;


don't stop feeding because you are
not selling eggs. This is the most
critical period with grown fowls. An-
imal food and green stuff should enter
into their rations every day, this will
ward off disease and your fowls will
pass through the moulting period much
quicker than if fed on scanty rations.
Try it and be convinced.
E. W. A.

What Do They Drink?
What do your fowls drink, water
that has been allowed to stand around
until -it becomes stagnant, or water
from vessels that have a regular slime
on the bottom and sides, or do you
give them fresh water, one, two or
three times a day, according to the
weather? We empty the drinking
fountains every night, and have our
birds start out on a fresh drink. Dis-
ease lurks in the drinking vessels;
contagion spreads rapidly through the
drinking ot water if impure. All
life needs fresh water, and cannot
thrive without it. The more fresh
water the better health; the more
fresh water the more eggs; the more
fresh water the more choice meat;
and the more fresh water the less loss
and the more clear gain. Mark it
down.-Iowa Homestead.

Grain vs. Vegetables.
I once had 200 chickens, and being
occupied with general farm work I
threw them plenty of corn, with oc-
casionally a meal of oats and buck-
wheat for a change. This was a con-
venient way of feeding and it saved
time. But the poultry-yard became a
hospital and there were many deaths.
I attributed my loss partially to a lack
of vegetable food, and have reason to
believe that exclusive corn diet brings
on disease. At another time I kept
my poultry the year roupd without
any corn to speak of, and had more
eggs a season and no sickness. The
birds were fed almost exclusively on
vegetables, with an occasional hand-
ful of bran or Indian meal. Boiled
potatoes and potato peelings, with
oow and then a few red peppers with
a handful of bran or meal mixed in,
were the staple diet, but they had
chopped cabbage most of the time,
and in summer chopped lettuce in
thick milk, with the run of a little
piece of pasture. A little bone dust
furnished material for the shell. With
this diet, a wallow of fine coal ashes
and a pile of drift sand, I kept poultry
for years without sickness and almost
entirely without grain, and with profit.
-T. Bennet in New York World.


TO WORLD'S FfIR VISITORS
MOTEL FPRNMC/M,
HARVEY. ILL.
FURNISHED HOUSE CAN BE SECURED
FOR THIRTY DAYS.
Situated on the Grand Trunk and Illinois Cen-
tral R. R being convenient to stop without go-
ing into tihe City, and more accessible to the Fair
Grounds than the City itself.
This is a three-story brick building, cool and
airy rooms, with first-class table.
Give a few days' notice of your intended visit
and we will reserve you a room, meet you at the
station and guarantee satisfaction. Parties of
four or six can have suite connecting if desired.
CHARLES G. FRENCH, Harvey, Iil.


K n water to the young bees, but I never
r -saw one at it with dipper and pail.
At all events there is often a surplus,
To Keep Honey from Candying. and I place the trap at the entrance
In reply to our question, the editor of the hive and catch them until the
of Gleanings in Bee Culture writes: stock is sufficiently reduced; a little
The only way we know of is to let it hot water soon puts them out of the
get thoroughly ripened in the hive- way. Sometimes, when not properly
that is, evaporated down so it will be looked after, a hive will send out a
thick. Such honey, without any swarm. As soon as the young swarm
further treatment, will sometimes keep is observed issuing from the hive place
all winter without candying. As a the trap at the trap at the entrance and catch the
rule, however, it is necessary to heat queen. As soon as the bees discover
the honey over hot water to about that their queen is missing they will
1300, and then seal it, while hot, in return to seek her and can be placed
bottles or tin cans. But there is no in a new hive. Another thing that I
method that is infallible. If possible have recently used and consider val-
the heating should be avoided, as able, is the honey board. This is a
some think that a little bit of the deli- sheet of perforated zinc that fits into
cate aroma is lost. The Cahfornians the hive above the frames, between
allow the honey to evaporate- in large the frames and the boxes, and admits
shallow vats until it becomes thick. only workers to the honey stored
Such honey will keep for a long time above. The drones are always walk-
without candying. ing over the combs if they can obtain
--- **-- access to them, and, like human beings
Appliances Needed. of the masculine gender, they do not
Perhaps themost indispensable thing take the trouble to wipe their feet.
for the bee-keeper, after the hive, is a The comb is thus more or less soiled,
good "smoker." This is a funnel- and often is injured for sale as comb
shaped receptacle, in which excelsior honey. The honey-board is an effect-
or other inflammable substance is ual preventive of this trouble. I also
placed, and having a bellows attached use both brood and comb foundation,
by which a cloud of smoke can be as it saves the bees a lot of work and
directed anywhere at the will of the a good deal of time when their time
operator. In handling bees this is is valuable. This can be cut into
often necessary: the bees can be driven sheets of any desired size, arid can be
out of the honey boxes or from any readily attached to the frames and
particular frame or brood comb you boxes The only other necessity is a
wish. to examine, and the smoking room where all these things can be
does not harm them. I want to em- kept in readiness for immediate use.-
phasize the point that with proper care R. N. Y.
in handling the bees the smoker need <
not be used so often. Bees that are Grape Juice. "
looked after daily, the hive being Dr. S. W. Dodds, who urges the
opened and the frames examined, will more general introduction of such
become accustomed to it very quickly beverages, and highly esteems their
and will make no trouble. One must curative and health promoting quali-
work carefully, however, with no sud- ties, gives the following directions in
den blows or jars, and must avoid her hygienic book for making grape
leaving any broken comb or honey juice:
lying around where bees from different When the grapes are at the best for
colonies can get to it. When field eating, they are just ripe for juice.
honey is getting scarce, or after a rain They should be fully ripe. Wash in
when the honey has been washed out a colander and then strip from the
from the flowers, the bees are idle and stems, throwing out all faulty ones.
a little find of loose honey will start a Put them into a fruit kettle with
regular "donnybrook" among them. nearly enough water to cover; a good
When they get into. a fight among rule is two quarts of water to six
themselves it is a good time to keep quarts of stripped grapes; if barely
away from them, first removing the ripe take a little less water; no sugar
cause of the trouble. When they find is needed. Skim when they-begin to
plenty of honey in the fields they are so boil, heating slowly, and when the
busy that they will not molest any one whole mass is boiling hot strain
without extreme provocation. Robber through a flannel or cheese cloth; a
bees sometimes cause a deal of trou- thin muslin like that used for flour
ble and when honey is scarce must be sacks will do. This gives the clear
looked after carefully. One soon juice with very little pulp. When no
learns these points Irom careful ob- more. juice will run through put the
servation, and every beginner will find seeds and skins into a coarse linen.
a mine of useful knowledge in Mr. bag, or one of ordinary cheese cloth,
Root's "A, B, C, of Bee Culture." arid express the remainder; a. jelly
Another thing I have found useful squeezer would answer, but it is sure
is a queen trap or drone trap; this is to discolor, more or less. Add no
a little wire cage arranged like a fly sugar. The less the fruit (or juice) is
trap with an inverted cone entrance, cooked the brighter the color and the
in which the queens or drones are better the flavor; like all small or
imprisoned, but through which the tender fruits, it is injured by long or
smaller workers can go easily. Some- rapid boiling; the color becomes dark
times there are so many drones in a and the fine, fresh flavor is gone.
hive that they eat too much of the After straining and squeezing, put all
honey. Like a good many of a higher the liquid back into the kettle, let it.
order of beings, the males or drones come slowly to a boil, and then re-
have no liking for work and live on move from the fire or seal in cans. -
the industry of the other members of This juice put into glass cans or
the. family. They are said to carry bottles.


447










448 THE FLOR~A FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


$tate )\fews,

The watermelon growers in Jack-
son county are selling their melons
to local shippers in the field, the
current rate being $25 an acre. This
is considered fair pay.
It is said by those who are in a po-
sition to know that if no backset or
disaster befalls the orange crops,
Hawthorn will ship double the quan-
tity of fruit that she has shipped any
previous year. -Gainesville Sun.
Mr. M. S. Moreman, a Director of
the Fruit Exchange, after a visit to the
pineapple region, estimates the total
crop this year at 30,000 barrel crates.
This seems too low, for in one day over
3,400 crates passed through Titusville.
During the grape-shipping season
the Southern Express Company will
set apart cars with special messengers
to gather up the grapes from Orlando
and vicinity. A car is to be side-
tracked in Orlando nearly all the time
and leaves for the North three times
a week.-Orlando Reporter.
Mr. Tulius Klotz has an order for
x,ooo bottles of scuppernong wine-
the result of having a sample on ex-
hibition at the World's Fair. There
is no doubt but that he has as good
an article as was ever exported from
the State. We know whereof we
speak, as we are somewhat of an ex-
pert in domestic vintages.-Fernan-
dina News.
Mr. Herbert Blake, on Ingleside
avenue, is full of grit and enterprise.
He is one who feels satisfied that a
man can make a living in Florida-if
he works. Mr. Blake has an apiary
of eleven hives in a flourishing con-
dition, of which he is proud. He has
a'fine orange grove and a fine peach
orchard of the '"New London Beauty"
variety, the peach being as large as a
goose egg and very luscious. He also
cultivates the pampas grass. Mr.
Blake is from New London, Conn.,
but remains, here the year round.-
Green Cove Spring.
For eleven years the Disston Drain-
age Company has been operating in
the Okeechobee region, near the Ev-
erglades of Florida; during that time
the company has never employed a
physician nor lost an employee from
death, nor. have any men left the ser-
.vice of the company because of ina-
bility to stand the climate or work.
These employes are all white men
-and the fact that no sickness appears
among them speaks volumes for the
healthfulness of Florida's climate; it
is unexcelled anywhere in the world.
-Florida Facts.
Haynes, Young & Bailey, at their
,'well-known Niagara Villa, are doing
more real genuine good for Florida
than any other three men in the State;
-they are. developing the wonderful
Possibilities of Florida soil and every
one who will visit their place and view
their immense vineyards, pinery, peach
orchards .and vegetable farms cannot
but conclude, that Florida. has. the
brightest future of any State in the
Union. 'Every man in Orange county'
.:should visit these gentlemen and see
:.'what, they !are doing. Could: their
place, as it is, be transferred't'thie


World's Fair, it would be the means
of bringing thousands of people to
Florida.-Orlando Sentinel.
Money on the east coast of Florida
just at present is probably more plen-
tiful than at any time in the past. The
orange and vegetable crops were mar-
keted for fairly good prices, and satis-
factory returns are coming in for pine-
apple shipments. The extension of
the Flagler railroad, and the other im-
provements .connected with that great
enterprise at Lake Worth, have put an
immense amount of money in circula-
tion.-Titusville Advocate.
There was great rejoicing on board
the Indian River Steamboat Compa-
ny's steamer Progress on Saturday
last, owing to the fact that she brought
up the biggest load of pineapples ever
seen on a steamer on Indian river at
any single time. The number of crates
on board was 2,356; and all Saturday
afternoon and night men were busily
engaged piling them into the freight
cars, of which about sixteen were used
to convey them out of town. The
Progress looked quite gay steaming up
the river, for she had flags flying from
every spot of vantage. -Titusville
Advocate.
The unbiased opinion of those in a
position to know is that the soil and
climate of this section is peculiarly
adapted to the successful culture of
pineapples. Some of the finest and
best pineries in the State are located in
this vicinity. The choicest qualities of
pines have to be shedded on Indian
river and Lake Worth the same as
here, and the common varieties that
require no protection on the southeast
coast are no longer considered remu-
nerative and are being abandoned,
which fact gives that section no advan-
tages over Orlando. -Orlando Re-
porter.
We are requested to publish the fol-
lowing: In preparing the 1893 tobacco
crop for market the following points
will prove of advantage. A wrapper
leaf must be twelve inches long, any-
thing shorter than -that is a filler, and
should be put with the latter grade.
If the quantity of tobacco exceeds 800
pounds it will pay to assort the wrap-
pers into two sizes: long, 14, and up-
ward; short, from 12 to 14% inches.
Use only clean, dry boxes, especially
avoiding meat and salt boxes. Pack
the butts of the hands about one inch
from the sides of the case.. Avoid ex-
cessive pressure and the use of water
or direct contact with .dew. Keep
your sand leaves separate from the rest
of the crop. Weigh your empty boxes
before packing, and mark plainly.--
Quincy Heraid.
Ten years ago there was not a de-
livery wagon in Ocala. To-day you
can have anything from a box of
matches to a barrel of flour delivered
in your storeroom. Marketing and
shopping was then very much like
work, now it is a pleasure. In those
days the streets were so crowded with
negroes on Saturday that ladies rarely-
ever did shopping on that day. Now
the streets are not unusually crowded;
that is, there is about as much trading
-one-day as another, except late Satur-
day evenings, 'when the market. is.
crowded with all sizes, colors and con-
ditions of people-a happy, jovial


throng, bent on securing the material
for a good Sunday dinner. One rea-
son is given for the absence of crowds
of negroes on the streets Saturdays;
that is, they no longer think it neces-
sary to their health and comfort to rest
on that day. -Ocala New Capitol.
A feature of the day was a visit to
the extensive vineyards of Messrs.
Leheman and Hostetter, comprising
some twenty acres, the product of
which is either sold at home or
abroad, or made into an excellent
quality of rich, fruity wine for which
the proprietors find a ready sale.
Fifty barrels a year of 'this wine are
made which sells readily at $1.6o a
gallon, and which brings $3 in New
York, with California wine selling at
50 cents. These figures speak for
themselves-so does the wine, which
is par excellence; and an inspection
of this thrifty vineyard with its long
lines of vines loaded with heavy
bunches of red, white and black
grapes, would satisfy even the chronic
croaker that something can be done
in Florida as well as other States. -
Ocala New Capitol.
Another notable feature of this
place, in strong contrast with other
parts of Florida, is the absence of in-
sects. We have scarcely seen a house
fly since we came to Fort Myers, nor
have we heard the sound of a mosqui-
to's horn. Wire gauze and mosquito
netting we do not see anywhere. On
the islands of the adjoining coast these
pests are abundant enough. Fort My-
ers, as I have already remarked, is a
quiet town; rest, and not business, is
the prevailing influence. We go to
bed at 8 o'clock p., m. and sleep like
tired negroes until the sun calls us up;
by nine in the morning I am sleeping
in my chair for an hour. After dinner
I read a little and drop off to sleep as
I sit for another hour, and even Mrs.
B., wide-awake little woman as she is,
nods in her rocker for a time and
wakes from her dreams with self-ac-
cusing exclamations over her depart-
ing energy.-Letter in Rome (Ga.)
Tribune.
The truckers of McIntosh are now at
the height of their brief season, and
are so pushed for labor in harvesting
their crop that the New Capitol has
been asked to announce that a large
number of- hands are wanted there im-
mediately, and that .a dollar a day will
be given. The principal crop now in
the field is tomatoes, which, together
with Irish potatoes, are being forwarded
to the Northern markets as expedi-
tiously as possible. Some idea of the
extent to which this important indus-
try has grown upon the rich lands of
old Marion may be gathered from the
fact that a special train is now run over
the Florida Southern from McIntosh,
Boardman and Evinston, with-'the re-
sult that the facilities for transportation
have so far outrun those for. gathering
the immense crop that .the growers
now find it necessary to make this ap-
peal to the unemployed labor with
which the country is filled.-Ocala
New Capitol.
Mr. George .H. Wright shipped
from here on Wednesday ninety our
carrieirs of grapes. At-- Orlando these
were put in a refrigerator car together
with Criough rflore fruit from the Or-


lando vineyards to fill the car, which
was then started over the Florida Cen-
tral & Peninsular Railroad for Chicago.
Mr. Wright also left on the same day
for the Windy City in the interests of
the shippers, who are all members of
the South Florida Grape Growers' and
Marketing Association, of which Mr.
Wright is president. This is the first
experiment of shipping grapes in re-
frigerator cars, iced, by fast freight.
The complaint of all shipments here-
tofore made by express without ice has
been that they arrive in bad' order.
The Eastern markets are the best for
this fruit, as for all other kinds;
but it is impossible to get refrigerator
cars for Eastern points at this season
of the year. The association has got-
len up neat labels, one of which is
pasted on each basket of grapes. If
this experiment in shipping on ice
proves successful it will, to'a great ex-
tent, solve the question of marketing
this perishable product. Oviedo
Chronicle.


'Our IRural Jome.


"Florida Life. "
There has come to our table the
prospectus of a new literary venture
with the above title, a monthly maga-
zine which will be, in some respects,
a revival of the Semi-tropical Maga-
zine. It will be published by'A.! 0.
Wright & Co., of Jacksonville. The
following attractive table of con-
tents ought to insure the. first issue a
cordial welcome:
How the Sponge is Captured, Sen-
ator Jefferson B. Browne; the Sinking
of Orange County, a hoax of twenty
years ago, Judge E. K. Foster;. Italy,
France and Florida, Gen. W. -M.
Ledwith; A Tallahassee. Romance,
Mrs. Ellen Call Long; Mr..Yulee, as
I Knew Him, Judge R. F. .'Taylor,
of the Supreme Court; Overdoing It,
Hon. W. H. Reynolds, President of
the Senate; The Pirates of Talbott's
Island, Col. Hamilton Jay; Negotia-
tions that Failed, Hon. W. A. Blount;
His First Case, a lawyer's story, G6n.
J. J. Finley; A Florida Stock Farm,
Gen. Patrick Houstoun; Fooling the
Flowers, Mrs. H. K. Ingram; The
Manatee, is it a Fish or a Cow? Sena-
tor M. R. Marks; Some Letters An-
swered, Hon. L. B. Wombwell, Land
Commissioner; Incidents of Steam-
ship Travel on the Gulf; Capt. James
McKay; The Last Prisoner of Old
Fort Marion, Capt.' J. R. Adams. r,
Lemon Recipes.
LEMON BUTEER.-Beat together
the yolks of five eggs, one
pound of powdered sugar and
four ounces ofbutter, until-very'light;
stir in. the whipped whites 'of. four;
.pour in a double boiler and stir i'ntil
it thickens, then add the juice of three
lemons and the grated rind of'.one.
Turn into a bowl- to cool, or put' .up
in tiny jar.. Delicious with thin bread
-and butter for afternoon tea.
LEMON :WATER JCE.-Boil a quart
of water with a pound and -;a
quarter of sugar, the yellow rind.from
,three lemons and from one orange .if
you have it, for .five minutes; then
stand away to cool. Squeeze into
this the juice of four lemons and one


p


448


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.










THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 449


orange, of a gill of currant or straw-
berry juice- may be added instead of
the latter; turn into the freezer and
freeze.
LEMON SPONGE.-Cover one box
of gelatine with a cupful of cold
water and soak for an hour; pour
over a quart of boiling water and a
cupful of sugar and stir until dissolved,
strain into a basin and set on ice,
stirring occasionally until cold, then
add the whites of eight eggs whipped
to a froth; turn into a pudding mold
to set and serve with a sauce made of
one pint of milk, brought to a boil in
a double boiler; add the yolks of four
eggs and two tablespoonfuls of sugar;
stir for two minutes, flavor to taste
and remove from the fire.
LEMON CUSTARD.-Sift a table-
spoonful of flour into a bowl, add the
yolks of five eggs, one at a time, beat-
ing as you add each, then butter the
size of half an egg, melted, then the
grated rind and juice of one large
lemon, a cupful of sugar, and by de-
grees three cupfuls of sweet milk, stir-
ring constantly. Bake in two pie
dishes lined with crust; beat the whites
with three tablespoonfuls of powdered
sugar to a stiff froth, and spread over
the top when nearly done; return to
the oven to color a pale brown.
LEMON PUDDING.-Beat a cupful of
butter to a cream, adding gradually
the yolks of ten eggs, two whole eggs
and the juice and grated rind of three
lenrorig, one cupful of finely chopped
almonds, one cupful of sugar and last-
ly the whites of the eggs whipped
stiff; line a large dish with rich crust,
'*pour in the mixture and bake one
hour, or bake in two quart pudding
dishes.
Another.--A quarter of a pound of
stale sponge cake crumbled into bits,
the juice of four lemons, the grated
rind of two, one and a half cupfuls of
sugar, a pint of cream, the yolks of
six eggs and whites of three. Bake
in two pudding dishes lined with crust
for half an hour.
LEMON SYRUP.-This is an article
to make when lemons are twenty-fi've
. for twenty-five cents. Grate the rind
of sixteen large lemons over eight
pounds' of granulated sugar; add the
juice and two quarts of boiling water;
stir until the sugar is dissolved, strain
through a fine flannel bag and cork
-up in- pint bottles.
LEMON ESSENCE.-When one is
using lemons plentifully, an excellent
essence may be made at the slightest
cost. Put the grated rind of a dozen
lemons into a pint of alcohol, add a
teaspoonful of lemon oil, bottle and
cork tightly and set in a warm place;
shake every day for two weeks, when
it. will be ready for .use.


butter over the fire in a small sauce-
pan, and when melted add the yolks
and lemon juice; stir to a creamy
thickness, remove from the fire, and
when cold mix with one cupful of
sugar and a beaten egg; line, a plate
with crust, brush over with the white
of an egg, sprinkle with fine crumbs,
put in the mixture, cover with a thin
crust and bake in a medium oven.
This is a delicious pie if rightly made.

$100 Reward, $100.
The readers of this paper will be
pleased to learn that there is at least
one dreaded disease that science has
been able to cure in all its stages, and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure now known
to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, re-
quires a constitutional treatment.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood
and mucous surfaces of the' system,
thereby destroying the foundation of
the disease, and giving the patient
strength by building up the constitu-
tion and assisting nature in doing its
work. The proprietors have so much
faith in its curative powers that they
offer One Hundred Dollars- for any
case that it fails to cure. Send for
list of testimonians.
Address
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
aNrSold by Druggists, 75c.
> 0 <
ZF o vOU BACK A.C1TES,
Or you are all worn out, really good ?or -.oth
ing it is general debility. Try
AiOd WNVS ION BITTERS.
It will cure you, cleanse your liver, and .'?
a good appetite.
The Paine Fertilizer Co.'s office at Jack-
sonville, at the suggestion of their New
York office and their New York agents,
will inaugurate a system of cut rates on
all agricultural chemicals after December
15th. This will be purely an experiment.
You had better take advantage of it while
it lasts. See ad. on last page.

Horsford's A.cid Phosphate.
If you are Nervous,
and cannot sleep, try it.


BENTON & UPSON
.iJAfCSO1VIitHkE, pFiA.,


IRRIGATING


MACHINERY,


Steam and Horse Power.

Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass
,Valve, Hose, Etc.

WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.


LEMON BISCUIT.-Beat the yolks ABREAST WITH THE TIMES.
of nine eggs with the weight -of the Fun course of instruction and modern methods
of handling same; able and experienced teach-.
eggs in 'powdered sugar; add the ers; careful moral training, and pupils (boys and
juice of two lemons and the grated men) of correct principles and. habits, are
rilnd.of one; then, a little at a time, THE FISHBURNE SCHOOL,
the weight of. the eggs in sifted flour, Waynesboro, Vir inia.
and lasrly the whipped whites. Bake Electric light and other modern advantages.
in small gem pans. Write for catalogue.
LEMON PIE.-Beat the; yolks oi _lPTEVAPO, .RAT R

peel and juice of one fine, large" ,nR standard mac"ine
lemon; put half -a tablespoonful "of " II" B1oSoNeB innlds .4.e


FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $300,000.
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper' on
order. Write for price list and terms.
--: OFFICERS :--
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary. ,
DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford o.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
Hillsboro Co.; John C. Love, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
B. M. Baer, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V. Hillyer,
Nassau Co.; John M. Bryant, Osceola Co.; H. Hutchinson, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
Johns Co.; G. W. Lancaster, Volusia Co.; J. C. Pelot, Manatee Co.
Address all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils,
with full packing and shipping instructions, furnished on application.


W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.

WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,

Grain, Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,


We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.


STATE AGENTS FOR

1ugert-Allen Fertilixer go.

Star Brand Fertilizers,
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.


a


PURE GROUND BONE
NITRATE SODA,
MURIATE OF POTASH,
SULPHATE POTASHj


OraneB Tree and Ifegetable P KAINI
FERTILIZER.
These Fertilizers have ro superior in the market, and a trial will convince.
Send for Catalogue free.


"CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN..
To insure insertion in this column, advertise-"
ments must be accompanied by the money.
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
Postage Stamps received in payment.
Count every word, including name and address.
THE JEWEL PEACH is two weeks earlier
than the Peento; blooms a month later; large
size; fine quahty; beautiful color; good keeper;
freestone; the best market peach in the State.
Trees and buds for sale. T. K. GODBEY, Waldo,
Fla. 7-8-3t
PERUVIAN YAM vine cuttings, 12 inches long,
o" 00, 50 cents; 1,000, 2.50; 5,00oo, $10o.o00. J'ULIros
SCHIADELBACH, Grand Bay, Ala. 7-8-6t
TULIUS C. JENKINS, Interlachen. Fla., has a
Fine (5x8) Camera to exchange or sell. Write
him for outfit complete. It
FANCY POULTRY.-Fowls and Chicks cheap.
Spray Pump, all brass, $3.oo. -
7--5st ALBERT FRIES, St. Nicholas.
VERY LARGE, EINE TWO TO FOUR-YEAR-
old Orange and Lemon Buds, at $20 per loo.
They MUST go out of grove. J. L. DERIEUX,
Lakeland, Fla. 7-I-4t
PINEAPPLE PLANTING.-Wanted, bids for
A setting 125,000 Pineapple Slips during July
and August. Address, at once, W. E. PABOR,
Pabor Lake, Fla. 7-r-2t
4 01 to 800 GFAPE. FRUIT SEED.
400U to 80UU lings or Budded Trees
wanted, iY to 2-inch stock, f. o. b., nearest rail-
road station. FRED WAITE, Belleview, Fla.
6-24-6t
LOUISIANA GRASS-(paspali platycaulte),
the best permanent pasture grass for Florida.
Cuttings at 1.25 a barrel, f. o. b. -W. H. POWERs,
Lawtey, Fla. 6-24-Iot


ANIMAL MEAL makes hens lay. Write to E.
W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla., for information;
DRUGS, Medicines. Toilet Articles, etc., deliv-
ered at your door at retail prices. Send your
orders for sulphur, Whale Oil Soap and Carbolic
Acid. A. P. FRIES, Jacksonville, Fla. 6:-24-6t


AT A SACRIFICE. To make room for i,ooo
` chicks, we offer our Breeding Stock at a
bargain: I pen 4 Black Langshan Hens, one
cock; h pen 9 Brown P. Rock hens, i cock; 2 pens
io (each) White Leghorn hens, 2 cocks; I pen 5
Brown Leghorn hens, i cock; i pen 5 S. S. Ham-
burg hens. I cock; 2 pens 5 (each) Imperial Pekin
Ducks, i Drake. Send for price-list with full
particulars, to E W. Arlr.E r.'Ormond, Fla.
6-3-tf
FrI"ORIDA'S advantages for small investments,
F see "Real Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla.
$i.oo per year: sample, with state map, io. cents
4-23-12111
ANCY PIGEONS--Bouglit, sold and exchanged.
S write for what you want. Stamp for reply.
I.OYD Gr ArT, L. ady Lake, Fla. 7-28-52t


T, Etc,


TILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDER can be
purchased at J. C. L'Engle's Drug Store,
Tacksonville, Fla. 5-13-12t


OR SALE-Best Stock Pigeons, Carriers,
Dutchess, Tumblers, Common and Runts;
latter largest pigeon grown; all inquiries with
stamps answered. W. S. FUIK, Lawtey, Fla.
5-13-4t '


OR SALE--Satsuma Orange Buds from bear-
ing trees at $1.oo per oo by mail, or '7 per
.,.oo by express. G. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary.
Fla. 5-13-8t


NURSERY STOCK. All leading varieties sweet
oranges on sour stocks, fine, healthy, cheap.
ERNEST BOYNTON, Archer, Fla. 3-"I.I4t


ORSALEfor cash, time or tiade, orange groves,
fruit and timber lands. E. RvMLEY, Keuka,
Fla. I-xx-x6t


CONCH PEAS do fine planted during July. 250
pint; 00oc quart by mail; $x peck freight orex-
press. C. F. WALDRON, Welaka, Fla. 6-24-2t


ENVILLE CITY and Golden Queen Suckers
now ready for delivery. GEO I.' RUSSEtL,
Orlando, Fla. 6-io-7t


U -, ,- ,


E'T'r'' T ( 7<


All Men Equal Before

the law and "the page"
A millionaire writes-"Perfect in every partic-
ular." An extensive breeder-"We shall build
no other." A laboring man-"It keeps!outLiny
neighbors' hens. A lady-"Circulars do'not do
it justice." A ranc'hman-"The cheapest, relia-
ble hog fence." A'R. R. President-"The best
fence we have ever used."
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCEGCO., Adrian,
Mich.'


EPILEPSY OR FITS
Can this disease be cured? Most phyasiclanp eay
No--say, Yes; all forms and the worst cases. Af-
'ter so years study and experiment I have found the
remedy.-Epilepsy is cured by it; ~ured, not sunb-
duedby opiates-the old, treacherous, quacki treat-
ment. Do not despair. Forget pastimpositions on
your purse, past outrages on your confdence, past
failures. Look forward, not backward. My remedy
is of to-day. Valuable work on the subject, and
large bottle of the remedy-sent free for trial.
Mention Post-Offce and Express address. -
Prof.W. H. PEEKE, D., deda St.,NewYTox.


4W.


i A-, D


449


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.








450 THE FLORIDA FARMER A~D FRUIT-GROWER.


STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. The State Institutions at Lake City
P. o. Address, Lawtey, Fla. The new Board of Trustees of the
Florida Agricultural College and Ex-
CONTENTS. periment Station will find they have
no small task to perform when they
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Editorial Notes; Cull enter upon their work. They should
and Drop Oranges .................... 443 w s
Rural's Rambling Dots; Japan Plums...... 444 exercise much care in examining the
Chicago Letters. 3; Pear Blight; Ripley and work of the college and the station in
Ripley Queen ................................... 445 the past, and guard against the defects
FARMER AND TRucaKER--ggplant Culture;
Mexican Clover; German Kali Works; To in the organization and work of the
Marea Mature Potato........... ... 446 future. The important thing is to
POULTRY-Notes in Passing; What Do They start rit The plan of organization
Drink? Grain and vegetables ..... ..... 447 start gt. he plan of organization
APIARY-To Keep Honey from Candying; and work in other States should be
Appliances Needed; Grape Juice ........ 447 consulted, and their strong points
OUR RURAL HoME-Florida Life; Lemon Re-
cipes ............................... 448 adapted to our institutions, so far as
EDITORIAL-Some Very Fine Peaches; World's possible.
Fair Notes: State Institutions at LakeCity 450 Evidently the first thing the Board
California Oranges; Rapacious Orange
Dealers.................................... 451. will find in all successful institutions is
A Dog-Proof sheep; Orange Trees in Gulf that the President is President, and
States; Shrewd Fruit-Grower............. 453 not a mere chairman of a faculty; that
in him are vested certain powers to act
Weather in Jacksonville. without consulting his faculty.
S There are certain matters occurring
DATE. in the management of a college in
(2 0 a o which the faculty should take action,
Tune27..... 82 8o 94 77 17 86 0.oo and a discretionary President would
June28 ........ 73 76 so 73 07 76 0.39 call upon them for advice. But cer-
June30o....6... 77 84 70 14 77 0.03 tainly he should not call them in to act
July i .... So... S o 89. 70 I9 So
July 2 ........ 80 79 95 73 22 82 T upon the case of a cadet who may have
July 3......... 76 82 92 72 20 82 T left the top button of his coat unfast-
Mean.... .. 77.4 78.3 884 72.3 16.1 80.1 1.54 ened at dress parade. Much of the
E. R. DEMAIN, Observer. disturbance in the past has arisen from
the desire of the entire faculty to at
S tend to cases of no more moment than
Some Very Fine Peaches. the above.
Mr. A. Grant Ferrier, of Sorrento, On the President depends, very
Lake county, sends us a box of the largely, the success of the institution.
finest and largest peaches we have If he is responsible for its success he
seen this year.. One measured 7X should as surely have the power of se-
inches around the short way and 9 electing a faculty capable of instructing
inches the long way; another, .7Y and in the several departments as he de-
84, respectively. They were not sires. This, too, would secure to him-
named, but are clearly of the Honey self support and harmony between the
type, being sweet freestones and of various departments. A faculty ad-
the traditional Honey form-long, verse to the President, and not har-
with a deep suture near the stem and monious among themselves, can never
a corresponding bulge near the tip. succeed in making a college.
The points are long and thick, but not As to the Experiment Station, the
curved, and the body of the peach is office of Director should be abolished
notable for its solid and heavy struc- altogether, or else that functionary
ture, well shouldered at both e, tremi- should be the same as the President
ties, and at the stem end almost square. of the College. In the stations, of
They are highly colored externally, Kansas, Nebraska, New Jersey and
and fairly well marked with blood Illinois there is no Director; in Iowa
tracery. Flesh rich, luscious and the Director is such only in name, be-
melting; quality best. ing the Professor of Agriculture ai.d
,. co ordinate with all the rest of the sta-
tion staff Our sister State of Alabama
World' ar has one ot the best organized agricul
We clip the following from the tural colleges and experiment stations
Country Gentleman: in the country, and the work turned
Florida has quite a good lot of out by that station is recognized and
oranges- shown on an arch, also a quoted as being an authority. In Ala
number of plates of lemons, etc. A bama the Director is also President of
cocoanuttree in bearing, agingerplant, the College, but he has no control of
a coffee tree, pineapples and bananas monies, except to recommend.
are the chief attractions there. A dis The staff should consist of an agri-
play of orange and scuppernong wine culturist, a horticulturist, a botanist,
and guava jelly and marmalade is also a chemist and a veterinarian. The
made. work in entomology ahd meteorology
The. Huntsville Nurseries of Ala- could be combined with some other
bama show a new method of grading department, as the former with botany
trees, which is both novel and, useful. and the latter with chemistry, or placed
A colored metal tag is attached to each inthe hands of assistants. The head
tree in the nursery row before digging; of each department would then be a
a man taking the height and caliper specialist and all have equal rank.
of- the tree and a boy following to put The President of the College would
*on the tag. At pulling time all that become President of the board of di-
. has to be done is to instruct the men reaction and act as chairman in the
to pull -all the trees with tags of a staff meeting to- adji'-t differences
similar color. By this means the among. the station workers as to their
grading of the trees is absolutely per- plans of work and have control of the
fect, as one careful man has done finances so that each department
what, under other conditions, a dozen should get its proper share. This
careless ones might have done. plan is in successful operation in several


States and has given the best of re-
sults, as the head of no department
is then interfered with by a Director
who assumes to know something of
all. The economical side of such an
organization is apparent.
The great need of the institutions is
economy and a proper equipment of
the various departments. At the
present time the botanical, chemical
aid veterinary departments have a
very meagre equipment, and the field
for work in those lines is as important
as many in the agricultural depart-
ment, where single experiments cost
hundreds of dollars. A better equip-
ment is a necessity. Probably our
station will show a poorer equipment
than any other for the amount of
money that has been received.


Narpets.

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., July 6.
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
These are average quotations. Extra choice
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
lots sell lower.
Lemons, Fla .................... .5o to 2.00
Messina....................... 4.50
Pineapples, crate........... ......... 2.oo to3.00
Porto Rico, each.......... 30 to .50
Bananas, bunch ................. none in market
Potatoes .... ........ .. .. .......... .. 3.00
in 5-barrel lots ........... 2.75
Onions, Egyptian, io6-lb sack ........ 3.25
S Fla., 3-peck crate.............. 1.25
Sweet potatoes, bl.................... 2.00
Florida cabbage, bbl .................. 1.25
Beets, new, per oo .................. .ooto 1.50
bbl ......... .................... 3.00
Turnips, Fla ...... ................ 2.00
Carrots, dozen bunches ................ .25
Parsnips, ...................... .35
Celery.................................. 25 to .40
Egg Plants, crate, small............... no sale
Tomatoes ............................... .50 to 0.00
Squashes, bbl............... ........ 1.25 to .5o
Cocoanuts............................ 4.50
Peanuts, best brand ................... .07%
Plums, bu............................. 1.5o to 2.00
SKelsey, % bu .................. .75 to 0L.00
Huckleberries ........................ .08
Cucumbers, crate ..................... .25
Green Corn, dozen..................... J5
Peaches, carrier, Florida ............. .5 to 2.00oo
Georgia.............. 2.00
Apples, Georgia, carrier............. 1.25 to 1.5o
Melons. per o00o ....................... 8.00to 05.00
Cantaloupes, bbl-crate............... .oo00 to 1.5o
Sweet Pepper, peck................................ .40
Grapes, Niagara, carrier .............. .50
t Black .............. .... .. 1.25
Okra, peck ... ....................35 to .40
POULTRY AND EGGS.
Hens ................................ 34 to .36
Roosters ............................. .30
Broilers ....................... .....20 to .30
Turkeys, per pound ............... 16 to 16gc
Ducks .................................. 35 to .5o
Geese.................................. .50
Eggs. ............................... .12
HAY, GRAIN, ETC.
White corn, small lots.......... ....... 1.25
Mixed corn, ". ...................... 1.20
White oats, ................... .85
Mixed oats, ....................... 75
Hay, No. i, Timothy, small lots............ 21.00
Wheat bran, small ots ...................... 20.00
Wheat Middlings, per ton ................. 21.00
Ground feed, fresh (corn andoats), per sack
of o00o pounds............................. .50
Feed meal, in sacks of eoo pounds, per ton. 23.00
Rice flour, per cwt................ .......... 90
Pure wheat, per sack of i00 pounds ..... 1.40
Prepared steam cooked cow feed, per cwt,
ISo-pound sacks ............................ .30
Prepared steam cooked.horse feed, per cwt,
15o-pound sacks ........................ 1.50
Pearl grits, per barrel....................... ..3.10
Pearl meal, per barrel... ................... 3.10
Flour, best winter wheat, patent. ......... 4.85
Flour, extra fancy family ................4.25
(Half barrels, either brand, 25C per barrel
extra.)
Cotton seed meal, bright, per. ton ........... 26.oo00
Dark or Sea Island cotton seed meal, per
ton............................. None in market
Pure ground bone, fine, per ton .......... 31.o00
Bone and potash, per ton ...... ............ 33.oo00
German kainit, per ton.................... 17.00
Land plaster.... ....................... 10.00
Nitrate Soda, 3%c per pound; per ton....... 55.00
Muriate potash, 2yc per pound; per ton.... 50.00
Sulphate potash, 2C per pound; per ton..... 33.00
Sulphate potash, go per cent................. 55.00
SEEDS, ETC.


Pearl Cat Tail millet, ner pound.............. 200
German or Golden millet, per bushel........ 2.00
Hungarian grass, per bushel................. 2.50
Rural Branching Dhoura per pound...... 250
White milo maize 20o
Kaffir corn ......... 200
Amber cane or sorghum ........ 200
Alfalfa or Lucerne ......... 200
Johnson grass ......... 15
Gold seedrice (upland), per bushel.......... 2.00
Genuine red rust proof oats ......... 6oc
White seed rice ......... 2.25
Beggar weed seed, per pound ........ ...... .25
GROCERIES.
Butter, gilt edge......................... .25
Cheese, full cream ..................... 4
Cheese, Y cream ........................... 2%
Evaporated apricots .............. ...... .o
Evaporated peaches............ .........
Evaporated apples.......................... .
Dried peaches............................. 10
Dried apples............................... o8
Currant ................... ................ .o6
Citron.... ........................ 6
Prunes, Turkish........... ............ .3
Raisins, L. L. box........ .. .............. $1.90
"igs, Dry........... ..................... .3

Market Notes.
JACKSONVILLE, July 6.-The Fruit Ex-
change seems to be gaining in the per-
centage .of the pineapple crop handled
by it. The movement for the past week
was 2,162 barrel crates and 346 half
crates-total 2,508-which is believed to
,be fully half of the total shipment
through Jacksonville for that period.
There is still some complaint of over-
ripeness; some few shipments have ar-
rived here from Indian river which
would not pay expenses even here, to
say nothing of shipping further. One
or two stencils are also noted for their
green condition.
But on the whole, the pineapple situa-
tion is not bad at all, despite the oppres-
sively hot weather of the past few days.
The last auction.sale reported from Bos-
ton is an average of 15 cents all round.
It is well that there is vigilant in-
spection of the fruit (at least a part of
it) here at Jacksonville before it goes on
further north. It would be st$lt better,
in these heated times, if all the fruit
could be overhauled here by competent
parties.
SHIPMENTS OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLES.
By the Ocean Line, the Tallahassee,
June 30, 1,162 boxes of fruit and .5,972
crates of vegetables; City of Macon (to
Boston), June 80, 145 boxes of fruit and-
1,064 crates of vegetables; Nacoochee,
July 2, 3,025 boxes of fruit and 6,255
crates of vegetables; City of Birming-
ham, July 4, 1,500 boxes of fruit and 4,160
crates of vegetables.
HINTS TO SHIPPERS.
The greatest care in picking and ship-
ping is requisite this hot weather. Our
reporter watched the commission men
sorting over some boxes of Niagara grapes
which grew less than sixty miles from
Jacksonville, and were shipped by one*
of the most careful and thorough
men in the State. Lying in the express
office one night, nearly one-third of them
became soft and had to be culled out of
the branches and thrown away. The
entire lot was dripping with juice.
It is the painful fact that the Express
Company is too dilatory about delivering
perishable goods in this city

Fruit Exchange Bulletin.
JACKSONVILLE. FLA., July 5.-Tele-
grams. 1. Three hundred and eleven
crates of pines sold to-day averaged 15
cents. Condition, perfect.
2. Sold 275 crates of pines to-day-at 6
to 15 cents; average, 7Y2 cents.
3. Car ,16915 sold for 626.00;. average,
4.20 per crate.
4. Sold small pines to-day; average, 10
cents; market bare.
Demand continues good, but prices are
lower, owing to the fact that the pines .
generally reach market rather overripe.


Peas, Clay ........................... 10 -
Swehippoorwill...... ................ .Ox Boston-Common Florida, 2.50 to 3.50;
Black ee ............................. 1.45 Palermo, 1.75 to 3.50. Florida lemons,
RedRippers ..............:.. ......;.... 2.5 1.75 to 2.75.
Sonch... ........ ............ 3.75 New York, Sgobel & Day, June 80-
Split... ................ 2.7 Maiori lemons, fancy, 5.00 to 6.87; cOm-
Beaus. ................................. 2.4o
Liina ........... 2.70 en, A,85. Rodi oranges, 4,0.Q to 5.62.


*


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


450








THE FLORIDA FARMER AN]) FRUIT-GROWER. 451


Cincinnati, June 26, at auction-Cali-
fornia oranges, 1.30 to 1.95; Florida, 1.55
to 2.85.
Buffalo, June 23-California oranges
at auction, fancy seedlings, 1.90 to 2.80;
Cal. med. sweets, 1.75 to 3.05; average,
2.72.
Chicago, June 27-California seedlings,
wasty, 70c to 90c; lemons, 1.40 to 3.00.
June 26-744 boxes Cal. seedlings, wasty,
1.00 to 1.90; 99 boxes lemons, 1.60 to 3.00.
Cincinnati-Oranges, good demand,
firm; fancy Florida, 4.50 to 5.00; Califor-
nia Navels, 3.00 to 4.00.
St. Louis-California St. Michaels, 4.00
to 4.50; Mexican, 3.50 to 3.75.

Pineapple Prices.
Boston-Blake & Ripley sold Floridas
6 to 27 cents each. Havanas 8 to 15
cents each.
New York-Sgobel & Day, June 26,
sold 200 crates at 8% to 15} cts each; June
30, 300 crates at 6 to 15 cents; mostly
small though in good condition except
one stencil, which showed decay. E. L.
Goodsell sold 3,547 Havanas 3 to 10 cents
each.
'Philadelphia-Floridas $5 to $15 per
100.
Louisville-$1.25 to $2.50 per dozen.
Chicago-$2.50 to $5 per crate.
St. Louis-Floridas in good supply and
good demand at $1 to $2 per dozen; $5. to
$7 per crate.
"Omaha--Florida pines per crate $6 to
$8.
Cincinnati-Fruit Auction Company
sold Florida pines 2h to 121 cents; mostly
7 to 9 cents.

California Fruits.
'BOSTON, July 5.-Cherries, 10-pound
boxes, 25c to 1.75; apricots, 20-lb boxes,
2.00 to 3.00; peaches, 20-lb boxes, 1.00 to
3.00; plums, 20-lb boxes, 1.25 to 1.50.
NEW YORK, July 5.-Cherries, 25c to
2.75; apricots, 40c to 3.30; peaches, 55c
to 2.55, plums, 95c to 2.05.
CHICAGO, July 5.-Cherries, 50c to
1.50; plums, 2.75 to 3.00; peaches, 1.25 to
1.55; apricots, 1.15 to 1.40.
CHICAGO, July 3.-Melons, 15.00 to
25.00 per 100; nutmegs, 1.50 to 2.75 per
dozen; Riverside Navels, choice, 2.75 to
3.50; peaches, free, 50 to 75c half bushel;
cling, 30 to 40c; egg plant, 75c to 1.25
crate; squash, white, 60 to 75c bushel;
sweet corn, Mississippi, 75c to 1.00 bush-
el; tomatoes, Mississippi, 750 to 1.25 per
4-basket crate.
CINCINNATI, July 3.-Peaches, fancy,
3.00 bushel; tomatoes, fancy, 2.00 bush-
'el; melons, 15.00 to 20.00 per 100; onions,
8.50 to 4.00 barrel.
NEw YORK, July 3.-The market for
watermelons is quiet; peaches of good
quality meet ready sales; the same with
plums; pears meet limited sales, though
the supply is light; apples are'dull, with
bulk of arrivals poor; some few grapes
here selling well; muskmelons sell in lim-
ited quan ttitie : Southern LeConte pears,
m,:,tly windfalls, are dragging at about
1.50 to 2.00 per barrel, and 50c to 1.00 per
crate; a few hand-picked of medium size
reach top quotations, and fancy large
would bring a premium; choice freestone
peaches wanted at good prices; common
early sorts dull and irregular; Niagara
grapes,.Florida, 1.50 to 3.00 24-quart case;
peaches, St. John. 24-quart case, 3.50 to
4.50; MAlexanderi, 1.25 to 2.00; melons,
12.00 to 25.00 per 100; muskmelons,
Charleston, barrel, 1.50 to 3.50.
ST.LovTi Jtily 3.-Pears. LeConte, 1.00
to 1.Z5 per 4-basket case; melons, 100.00
to 165.1.10; pines. 5.611 to 7.00 orate; pota-
toes, hom.e-growln, 6. to 65c 'bushel;
onions. California. 9Oic to 1.00 bushel;
green corn, 75 to 80o0bushel; tomatoes,
Arkansas. f-bu, 75c, Mississippi, crates,
1.10 to 1.'2'; Florida grapes. Niagara-.
slow, *.(.i 2-l-qt crate,..
The courinued heavy receipts and
strong demand for Florida pineapples is
a surprise to the most sanguine friend of


this fruit, but the flavor is far ahead of
the Havana and the color much richer,
making it an attractive fruit and grate-
ful to the palate. The crop is large and
acreage increasing each year, and popu-
lar price and a large demand is assured
to this fruit each season.
There has been several small ship-
ments of Japan plums-so called by the
grower and shipper, F. L. Doubrara,
of Judsonia, Ark., to this market dur-
ing the past week. They were the larg-
est and finest plums ever offered here,
either from Arkansas, Illinois or Missouri.
They were free from stings and other
evidences of insect enemies, and if it
should escape them in this climate, will
prove the most valuable acquisition on
the plum list. It was purple in color
and looked like a German prune and
sold for twice as much as any other
variety offered.
P. M. KIELY & CO.

Boston Markets.
Watermelons-There was a big throw
of melons on the market Tuesday morn-
ing, 47 cars, or about 54,000 melofs, hav-
ing arrived late Monday on the Savannah
steamer; and 12 cars, or about 13,000
came in over land. About 55,000 came
in by rail Wednesday, and altogether
there has been watermelons for every-
body, and prices have consequently eased
up, though the fruit has been in excel-
lent condition, Prices from boat or in
wagon lots from store should be quoted
at: Small sizes, 10c; mediums, 15c; ex-
tras, 17 to 20c. The cold weather early
in the week had a bad effect on prices.
Pineapples-Receipts .of pines have
been light throughout the week, but as a
rule the fruit has been in good order and
brought better prices, on the average,
than last week. The sugar loaf variety
have sold readily at 7 to 8c for poor to
good, and 12 to 14c for the best. Some
small Floridas sold from receiver's hands
as low as 6c. There have been a few
Havana reds on the market and few lots
were sold under 13c and 14c was an out-
side price.-Fruit Journal.

California Oranges.
The quantity of oranges still left in
California is not large and it will not be
long before the close of the season. Or-
anges remaining are mostly Australian
Navels, St. Michaels and Mediterranean
Sweets. Shipments of mixed lots are
going forward, which are in general
rather difficult to market to advantage.
For a consignment of Mediterranean
Sweets from Duart, sent to England re-
cently, very low prices were received.
A Liverpool fruit circular states that for
some unaccountable reason California
oranges appear to have lost favor, bring-
ing low prices, while other descriptions
command full rates.
There is a fair local supply of domes-
tic lemons, and good prices are realized.
Sicilies are not in the market. Mexican
limes are in abundant supply. The ar-
rivals of oranges are still free and prices
range about the same.-Pacific Rural
Press.

Business Notices.
NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY.-Mr. S. H.
Conklin writes from Mt. Carmel, Conn.
"Enclosed please find check for your bills
of May 2d and 12th. I repeat the grati-
fication I expressed before as to the con-
venience, the economy and the real ar-
tistic beauty the National Lead Company's
Pure White Lead Tinting Colors have
proved to me in using them. It would
seem as if the old way of trying to pro-
duce the desired shade of color by mixing
many colors together with ipuch labor
and guess-work must be abandoned in
,favor of your economical, sure and easy
method. My painters wish to introduce
their use in an adjoining town and want
a couple of your books as guides."
BOONE'S EARLY ORANGE.-The new ad-
vertisement of Mr. C, A. Boone speaks
for itseLt. Very early and very late
oranges are I ikily to be in strong demand


Jaksonnille, Tampa W 8! Railwa G


Joseph H. Durkee, Receiver.


THE


Tropical-;Trunk-; Line
Extending southward from Jacksonville, excel
in equipment and service, reach all
prominent winter and summer

PLEASURE R-SOk iS
ofiFlorida. Through-train service with Parlor,
Pullman, Buffet, and Sleeping-cars
carry you through

Orange Groves, Fruit Farms,

Vegetable Gardens,

Pineapple Plantations,

Phosphate Mines, m-

A 00Cocoanut Fields,
AND ALONG THE
St. Johns River,
Indian River,
Lake Worth,
Forming a New Route to

BISCAYNE BAY.


Direct Line to TAMPA, PUNTA GORDA and Gulf Harbors.
You (TIME, Y purchasing tickets via Jacksonville, Tampa &
WILLI TROUBLE B Key West R'y. Send for large map of Florida,
AND free by mail, with other information of interest.
SAVE TRANSFERS
R. B. CABLE, W. B. COFFIN, G. D. ACKERLY,
General:Manager. Superintendent. General Passenger Agent.


for some years to come, and Boone's is
a good one.
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.-General
Manager A. M. Ives has sent out a cir-
cular in which he cordially invites all
orange growers, whenever they are in
Jacksonville, to make the Exchange
rooms their headquarters and place of
general resort, whether they are patrons
of the Exchange or not.

Rapacious Orange Dealers.
The orange growers of California do
not see their profits devoured by commis-
sion men as do those of Florida, but they
have even a worse evil, to-wit: Their
home dealers who slaughter the shipper
without mercy in.their struggles with
each other. The following from the
Riverside Press is in evidence: "One of
the largest dealers has with such regu-
larity traced and duplicated the ship-
ments" of his competitors, that few
doubt he has obtained a knowledge of
other shippers' business by dishonest
methods. We were recently shown the
evidences, furnished by the documents
themselves, which show that he had
shipped carload after carload to a certain
Eastern house on the day following a
shipment from another concern, and in
every case billed the goods at fully 40
cents per box below the price at which
the first shipment was sold. In case the
goods were not accepted the commission
man was advised to take them and el1
for what he could get. In the case re-
ferred to the Eastern dealer kept his
contract with. the first shipper and re-
fused to handle the goods on any terms,i
but forwarded the evidences of. the
proposition, made. It is fair to infer
that the goods were taken in a majority
of such cases, and that they sold at a
price that left the grower nothing worth
mentioning. In another case three of
our Riverside houses were sending
goods. to a certain locality.for which they
were receiving uniformly' satisfactory


prices. All at once ten carloads of or-
anges were dumped into this market by.
this wily dealer, with the result that
fruit that was averaging from $2.95 to
$8 for seedlings-and corresponding
prices for better grades-is now being
offered by this trickster at 90 cents per
box in the now badly glutted market.,
So long as such men are furnished with
business at this end, so long will their
interests be sacrificed.' All these goods
were nominally forwarded. as f. o. b.
sales, and the 'returns' will be' made as
sold at fair prices here, but the little
discount for rejections, brokerage, etc.,
will in some cases over balance the
amount given as the selling price."

B. W. Stone, Secretary of the South
Georgia Pear Growers' Association, says
the yield in that section this year will be
over 80,000 barrels.

W. M. McFadden, of Placentia., Cal.,
recently received advices of the sale of a
Shipment of 442 boxes of Mediterranean
sweet oranges in St. Paul at $4 per box,
which, he claims, is the highest average
price brought for any oranges from Cali-
fornia this year for such a quantity.-
Fruit Trade Journal.

The Philadelphia Grocery World says:
The Mississippi tomato trade has suffered
,this year from the.effects of shipping in -
large quantities of gnarly, split and infe-
rior stock which, in many cases, have
Largely brought freight charges. For sev-
.eral years past thf Mississippi packers
have'sent a desirable tomato to this mar-
ket which commanded high figures,.but
under the present conditions their repu-
tation is suffering badly.
> *
A carof pines left Jacksonville, June
2, 7 a. in., and arrived in Chicago, June
6, 4 a. in., and was in the hands of
the consignees at 6 a. m. ..


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


451


-
try
] 1
er
A


. ,-,< ;: ,: '. "






5'4

WEA.THIR AND CROPS.
-For the Week Ending July 8
1893.
Conditions generally more favorable
for crops and good for orange groves
Some correspondents state that cotton
not doing well. It is affected with rus
in places. In some fields it is sheddin
'thed under leaves, and on sandy soil th
plants- are dying out. Some attribute
the cause to scalds, others to lice. Th
shipment of the pear crop began th:
week.
Western District.-The showers o
June 28th and 29th were timely, an
-greatly benefited the crops which wer
beginning to show injury from drought
after a week or, ten days of warm, dr
weather. Some sections still complain
'ofdry' weather, and the whole district
would be benefited by more rain. The gen
eral crop outlook continues favorable, ex
cept for cotton', which has not been doin
well since the severe storm of two week
ago. Lack of rain and heat have fire
corn slightly in places. The pear crop i
reported very heavy in the extreme west
ern counties, and the fruit is going t
Northeinm markets in carload lots, but i
Midlfe Florida the yield is reported ligh
on account of -blight-'and''other causes
Local markets are well stocked with frui
and vegetables. Highest e temperatiture
98; lowest, 66; mean, 81; average rain
fall, 1.50 inch.
Northern 'District Temperature
slightly deficient. Small excess in rain
fall; very little sunshine. All field crop:
are reported to be doing well. Ship
ment of -pear crop began this week
Oriental plums and peaches are report
to be wormy and rotting 'on the trees int
some sections. Ripe figs are in market
*Melons'of excellent quality'are plentiful
."and 'cheap. Grapes are coming in in
considerable quantities. Highest tem
perature, 95; lowest, 70; mean, 80; aver
age rainfall,: 1.84.
Central District-Rainfall excessive
te-mperature slightly deficient; average
"amount of sunshine. The-soil generally
-was too-wet for cultivation;-but the con
ditious were favorable for most crops.
Vegetable crops are nearly done for this
'district, -except -sweet potatoes, which
generally look well and a large acreage
:-has'been planted. The 'orange crop is
in '-good condition, and 'the outlook is
.splendid for a good crop; the fruitiprom-
:ises 'to be large in sections where the
-:'rainfall has been abundant since the
ffrnuit set. Highest temperature, 96;
.lowest, 66; 'mean 80; average rainfall
;frdm -ten stations reporting measured
*,aihounts, 2.23'inches.
,.. t Southern District-The greater part of
,the week gave warm, dry weather but
heavy rains have -fallen-in the Indian
river section since correspondents mailed
their reports. Shipments of pineapples
continue. but 'the bulk of the crop has
"'Beeii mnioed. Highest temperature, 94;
losts, 72; mean, '82; average rainfall,
2.60 inches.
.Note-Many correspondents are not
* reporting regularly. Some report. come
too 'late for u.-e. The, ne : .s t' fbior
.-prritnness and 'regularity is urr-e.iI upon
'all and it is particularly' re. ueited'thf;at
te5rtsbe mailed in tin ti t reech Jabk-

"E. -R. DEkAIN, Director.
Jacksonville, Vla., July 4th, 1893.

or Old andYoung.
'tut.a.IIv4tr Pills act as kindly onuthe
e. ,bldrthedelileae female or Infirm
l'age, 'd upon the vigorous man.

TI tft s Pilts



give tone-to-theb alk-stomach, bow.
el, idus and bladder. To these
Oee 0f r 'sToel T $ hienhjig quaUl lee
S.ae wodonrfnl, calusinw them to.per.-
* 41r7h'cilbns aasIn yonih.
140& Tod1M6erywhitte.
Office, 140 to 1 Wa'hingtn St., N. Y.


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


A MINNEAPOLIS MIRACLE.

The Remarkable Cure ofJ. B. Whito
]e of this City.
is
s A Cripple for Two Yea-rs, Pronounne<
g Incurable by Physicians and Given up
e by His Friends to Die-How Hle Ob-
e tainted Ielief and Became a We'll
e 3Ian-His ]Daughter's Mar-
iS velous Improvement.
(From the Minneapolis Jourrial.)
d "Precious is the panacea that cure:
'e when hope is gone and -medical advice
it pronounces the death sentence-' incur
y able.' How terrible itis to think of leave
n .
t ing this sweet life before the 'allotec
i- years of man's time here on earth ar(
- spent." Thus spoke J. B. White of 1201
g 3d St., N. E., last night to a Journal re.
s
d porter. Mr. White has been much talked
s about of late, and the following cover.
- station explains why :
0 "I am a native of Shediac, New Bruns.
n wick, and of French descent, I have
t been in Minneapolis for many years. I
. am now 060 years old. I fell from a build-
t ing two years ago and broke my thigh,
, besides injuring myself internally. The
- doctors could do nothing for me but let
the bones grow together as best they
e could. When I was able to walk on
- crutches I came near dying from the
s complication of troubles that had setin
- after the fall. For one year and a half
I walked on crutches, striving in vain to
d find some relief from the misery I felt
night and day. The Worst -part of my
afflictions was that I could not eat any-
l thing. If I could have taken nourish-
ment and kept it down I could have
- stood the pain better. I had four
- doctors, and kept taking all sorts
of medicines. I had to stop all of them
, or I would have been a dead man. I
Shave enough bottles left to start a drug
store. I would be troubled so with
headaches', and my'hips would pain me
so that I often thought I should go
crazy. I was so emaciated that there
was nothing to me but skin and bone.
Last summer I felt as if I was nearly
dead. My 'kidneys then began to bother
me. I got so I could not sleep only at
intervals. Finally I gave up in despair.
One day I was sitting out on the porch.
It was a beautiful, sunny day. The
singing of birds and the odor of flowers
set me to thinking of my childhood
days. From that my thoughts reverted
to the little French weekly, paper, Le
Moniteur Acadien, that we got. and I
thought I would like to read it and see
how things were at my old home. I told
nay wife to get ine the last number. She
brought me the one that came that
morning. The first thing I saw was a
long article about the miraculous cure
of a cripple. I read on and on, becom-
ing more interested than ever. The pa-
tient described in the article said that
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
cured him and they would cure others.
The story aroused my interest and I in-
duced my druggist to send for'them. I
,'did hot expect relief right away, but
soon they made the headache pass away..
After, taking them some days 'could
eat. People :aughed at me when I be-
gan to take the. pills, telling me I was
taking so much candy. But the day I
threw away the crutches they thought
different. I am now well and hearty as
a young man of 25."
At. this juncture his married daughter,
M'rs. N. White, :came into the store.
*There," said he, "is another case. She
has tried 'them, too." The reporter
'thought it would be a good idea to speak
of hbr ca-e, also, since it was woman's.
Mrs. Whit-e married a ma ,:,f the 3ame
name as her father, so this a.: .. iit fo i
the same-name.
"The doctors," she, said, "told me 'I
had uterine trouble. I was'ina niisera-
ble condition,. Nth;ug rtla iIttook ,:.ul i,
aUeviate- th.e pains I could fet-1 in mv
limbs and abiji:.ie-n. I often had fliUt-


tering of the heart and frequent weak
spells. I would eat but it would do me
no good. I could not sleep. I was in
misery and despair. My father took
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and his im-
provement was so rapid that I thought I
would take them, too. At first I felt
- worse, and then I began to mend so rap-
idly that I was astonished. I have taken
seven boxes and am now nearly well. I
can do my own work and can sleep and
eat well. In the mornings I feel refreshed
after a night's rest."
August Grotefend, who keeps the Ger-
mania Drug Store, at 1011 Main st., N.
n E., corroborated what Mr. White had
said above in regard to his condition,
saying, "I have sold a great many since
these cures. Some of the lumbermen
going in the woods have taken half dozen
box lots of these pills with them. They
certainly have done a wonderful lot of
good and should have the entire credit
of the cures."
On inquiry The Journal reporter
found that these pills are now on sale at
the various wholesale drug houses of
Minneapolis and St. Paul and are meet-
ing with a good sale, but not as fast as
they will sell as soon as their merit is
fully known. He also found that they
were manufactured by Dr. Williams'
Medicine Company, Schenectady, N. Y.,
and Brookville, Ont., and the pills are
sold in boxes (never in bulk by the hun-
dred) at 50 cents a box, or six boxes for
$2.50.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are a perfect
blood builder and nerve restorer, caring
such diseases as rheumatism, neuralgia,
partial paralysis, locomotor ataxia, St.
Vitus' dance, nervous headache, nervous
prostration and the tired feeling there-
from, the after effects of la..grippe,
influenza and severe colds, diseases
depending on humors in the blood, such
as scrofula, chronic erysipe las, etc.
Pink Pills give a healthy, glow to pale
and sallow complexions and are a
specific for the troubles peculiar to the
female system; in men they effect a
radical cure in all diseases arising from
mental worry, overwork or excesses of
any nature.
e '
The Paine Fertilizer Co.'s office at Jack-
sonville, at the suggestion of their New
York office and their New York agents,
will inaugurate a system of cut rates on
all agricultural chemicals after December
15th. This will bepwurely an experiment.
You had better take advantage of it while
it lasts. See ad. on last page.


Whether quaffed i.'jil
i': ,m a vessel of 7/
tin, "glass or gold; :
'there'snothingso
good for'the young --
-. 'Ior the old--as






Root Beer
A dlikious, health- "'.
giving, .thirst-satis-
fying beverage. A
t:nmperance drik faor 'i'.e r._
temperance' people. j,'
A-5. packdgeinale allo:e E .
Soldi and Enjoyed Everywhere.,


ft nfl u"I''141 o;. B RE*d LiicidIng inthLibuatnaes-ais-,
.Horse' Powers,
WELLS Steam aines,
.. r- Pu r m & alvo s,
L L L phies. Honet and reliable wort
WEL-LL O TIFFIN. OHIO.


ortast. uitest,


'Most Attractive

ROUTE
-' BETWEEN -
Florida Points and the h rth.
THE

Florida Central and


Peninsular
VIA

bIKE CITY, MA ON


TO
Nashville, St. Louisand Chicago
With but one chanr-, of telepers, connects
also at-t anta t..r NEW YORK anO KANSAS
CITY. Tae Fi.rri.a neutrala l and Peninsular
has near y :.) mii- of l l ti'k running rbrougn
the
Tobacco Regiions,
Stock Fawmine.q ,*Id D airy Section,
I'Peacei '.-d tIra eIerry LInids,
Orange, Ba-ina, .id Iieap,,tle 16f Coaly,
Phosphate'Kelt. 1 I
Has the itrir Spriiff anud
'Oth'r I- hi'- S.iwe'ery.
The G'veae"JuitinH Ony t y. r
Reaches the ioted W ais rie'nG'Qits.
Has the best lands-for tillage, greatest vari-
ety, of soils-n the'State, and above all
Runs over th-e -Central Ridgeland
'Where it is High and Healthy.
Prosperous town 1i its route .and it offers
the'best freight ita,l,nitei tor any produce'to
the Northern:markets. Send' for'the, popular
song-
'MVY FLEOQRI A'HO'M E."'
w it pited words-and heau. itul-mudie
descriptive of an actual FIrila Home, and
which is gotten up in elegant style-Six -pages
of full sized best musicpaper, colrtlinlae also
a picture of a home 'In"'loridaand-a'-hitithg
scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents.(in
stamps, to pay ,-xp'.-na- or ditrtbhtion.),
Send also for tne bst map of FlbrilF(sebunt
free) and note the towns on its-route.
A. O. MADONELL, G(P A.,
JacfksOi'lle'fla.

The Florida central &

Peninsular R. R.To.
Offers to" Shi-ppeirs
'The 'haortest -and Qui't'st lRtute

FLORIDA AND ALL POrNTg'IN
THE EAST-AND WEST.
With Timproived Ventilated Cars. this com-
;.ary. is i,-et,.-r equipp,-d than ever ever. to
handle [he Orance and Vegetable Crops. and
ncurte cioes crnn-ct ions and'p'ru: ptIdespateb
r, ali Eiiteeru and West-rnl'MLrket.
'tihr6uglih daris to-destiAtion' iah-
out change 6r .delay.
'Perisbable freight followed by who.e and
shippers ada'led time pasiir, rarious June-
tion point and-urriral at detCination.
All claims fororerobarges and loss prompt-
ly'adjnsed.
,:See that your. goods -are. mailed
ria.-F. Cs,&LP,-PR.R. "
!For inffrmatlion' call-on or'dd-ress Btie/an-
lersigned:
C.': TAYLOR. Trav. A'gt, Ocala, Fla.
W. B. TUCKER, Glen. A'-g't, Orlando.'F1a.
G. M.'-lOLDEN, Trar'.' A'T. Leesburg, Fla.
W..R. FULLER Tra'. A'p"t, Tampa,--Fla.
Or N. S. PENNINGTON, Tratilc ager.
W PLEAANT.eneral Fr leht a.
W. H. PLEASANTS. General Freight Agi.


^^^^ ^ AAAA' AA^A AAA A -i


- -- -- -- '
wa T
---







THE FLORIDA FAJ{MI~R ANI) FRUIT (4ROW1i~K- 45f8~ ~


The Hammock Plow.


Manufactured expressly for use. in Florida. No plow has ever been. made that
will'surpassn this in turning the heavy, clammy lands of, the hammocks or flat-
woods of- Florida, South Georgia and South Alabama. It has ample throat, high
land -side and there is no danger of its choking in foul lands. The best grade of
iron .center steel employed and all wearing parts are thoroughly hardened.
Weighs 56 pounds, steel beam, cut 6J inches, with one extra point. Price $10.50.
Given with the paper one.year for $8.30 or as a premium for ten new subscribers.


Evaporate Your Fruit at
Home.
With--the U. S.- Cook Stove Drier
hundreds ofdollars worth of fruit
can be saved with this machine wl I
every year. To meet the demand lps y o A
for a small cheap drier, suitable
for use on any ordinary cook, oil
or gasoline stove, we now offer the o a
above. It is very simple, econom- o o
ical, efficient and convenient, and
for farmers' use just what is wanted,
and we believe the cheapest and
best little drier of its class on the
market.
$8 50 in value for $5.00. Through .
a special arrangement we are en-
abled to offer the U. S. Cook Stove
Drier, the regular, price of -which
is $7.00 for only $6.00 together with
a year's sauseription tothe FARM ER
AND FRUIT GROWER. To any one W
sending a club ofsix yearly sub-
scribers at $2ti0 each, or four sub-
scribers andi;$2.00, in money we .....
will send one of the driers free.
This drier has, eight galvanized -
wire, clthtrays- containing twelve
sqetcie hfere of tray surface-the
dimensions base 22x16 inches,
height 26 inches. Sent by freight at receiver's expense. Weight, crated, about
twenty-seven pounds.
It is always ready for use and wid last a life-time. Has been-thoroughly -tested
and approved, and will more than please you. As a great economizer and money
maker for rural people it is without a rival.

A Dog-Proof Sheep. of the ewes on station. farm produced
The Virginia experiment,- station first lamb January, 1892,. and twins
says its experience with Dorset sheep January, a 893. Another ewe gave
has been encouraging. A station birth to one lamb April, 1892, and
bulletin says:- The sheep are easily one.November, 1892. A third ewe
kept, docile and quiet, nicely shaped gave birth to twins in March, 1892,
and the best of mothers. We would and lost lamb in fall of 1892.
also add another feature. not men- This would be a good sheep for
tioned in experiences given, yet a Florida if the Legislature- would:- ot
fact well known to breeders; they enact a law requiring it to be de-
have but little fear of dogs, and often horned for the protection of dogs.
will drive them from the field--the& .--*- .
ewe, when carfig- for her young,. Orange Trees-in the Gulf States.
showing at times the greatest courage A Mississippi grower writes in Farm
in this directions Concerring the and Fireside: "Twice in half a. cen-,
quality of wool,. we sent a small lot tury orange trees. in the Gulf States.
to a Richmond commission merchant,- (save in.-some favored lcations: andI
and his reply we give in full: "We fortunate -situations) have succumbed,
enclose herewith statement and check to the rigorous touch of the frost king.
for one sack wool. Wefind that this In the winter of 1879 the temperature
is a very desirable staple, and good, fell too low for them. Some, how
-strong wool., There is only one feat- ever, survived. Again, in January,
ure of it that detracts from its being 1886, a cold wave- of, unusual severity.
specially attractive, and that is that it swept southward to the Gulf,. destroy-
has a. little too much weight to it. ing nearlyall the orange..trees down
TI'is; or. course, is .better for the to the Florida Keys. Some trees here
grpwer, but the.manufacturers want it and in southern Louisiana -escaped.,
in"light condition, so as to produce There were- some remarkable escapes
the greatest amount of goods out of from the widespread catastrophe.
the smallest amount of weight." One There wer, ` g-ces along the -.coast,t


protected by bodies of water or by
forest trees on their northern sides,
that survived the disaster. Some re-
markable exceptions are recorded, one
of which came under the observation
of the writer, and is worth mention-
ing.
"We occupied a cottage during that
winter on: Berlin Street, near Napoleon
and St. Charles avenues, New Orleans,
around which were a number of very
fine orange trees. It was soon appar-
ent after he freeze that these trees
were lost. In an adjoining place, at
the corner of Berlin and Prytania
streets, stood a large number of fine
orange trees, none of which were se-
riously injured. The escape of these
trees was a puzzle, and it was some
time before it was solved. The ex-
planation was found in the. fact that
immediately north of them stood the
residence and other buildings of the
owner. This circumstance, together
with the additional one that the smoke
and warmth from the house fires im-
parted, to some extent, warmth to the
icy atmosphere, saved the trees. There
were like instances in that city of im-
munity from the effects of the freeze,
where the trees were similarly situated.
A Shrewd Fruit Grower.
Mr. Raymond, the pioneer of
Miramonte, Kern county, after a very
successful business career, turned his,
experience and capital toward the
development of a new. industry in an
unsettled country, and certain feat-
ures of his methods are worthy of
special note and careful analysis.
Mr. Raymond chose the White
Adriatic fig, and was so careful to
study the needs of the tree, to carry
every fig by hand at the proper stage
of mnaturity,to turn, press and spread
in curing, as to be able to guarantee
every fig. Then he sent East and
had a special package made from
light, pressed tin, to hold one pound,
and.had it. made highly ornamental.,
In this he packed the figs in a dis-
tinct method of his own, so that when
the lid is -removed, it looks as though
the box contained a coil of rope. He
intends that every one who opens a
box of his figs shall iremember- that it
was different from any other and that
every one was a good fig. By such
means he hopes that the sale of one
box may find him a customer for the
next.
When he makes up his mind to in-
troduce his gods to a certain market,
he takes pains to learn the standing of
retail grocers, and after making his
selection, sends a sample of his figs
with the-proposition to make him sole
agent' for that city, to consign no
more fruit than he can easily sell, and
.to wait until the fruit is sold for his.
pay. 'Thus .the merchant is called.
upon to-invest no capital- and assume-
no risks, and is well pleased, with a
twenty-. per-cent. commission on sales.
Sd far he has-only three or four cus-
tomers, and they fairly quarrel for a
great anymore figs than,.Mr. Ray
monid can supply. If such a man as
the late Dr. Glenn or Mr. A. T.
Hatch were to push the production,
and they could market their output so
successfully as- this, Sthyrna would
soon lose its prestige as the home of
the fig. It had always been a mystery


how Mr. Raymond could get twenty
cents a pound for his figs, but after
an interview it is a mystery no longer.
-Pacific Rural Press.
*:
Men who will shake-, pears off the
trees or knock them off with long
poles, to be shipped to New York, do
not deserve much sympathy when
their trees succumb to the blight. If
they will go to work now and cut them
back to sound wood, they may not
need to beat or shake the trees to get
the fruit henceforth.
I believe in patents, but there's one.
trouble about them.: A patent on anr
article doesn't leave you quite so free-
to discuss the merits, of the .article...
Any unfavorable criticism, is likely to,
be considered a personal attack on the.
patentee;
*
Chas. Holmes, of Le Roy, has a
Kelsey plum tree,, set in 1890, now
over three inches in diameter and hav-
ing, it is estimated, over, x,ooo plums
as large as eggs.

2 he Paine Fertilizer Co.'s off'e at Jack-'
sonville, at the suggestion of their New
York office and their New York agents,
will inaugurate a system of cut rates on
all agricultural chemicals after -Dee'wbeie--,
15th. This will be purely an expferinenti
You had better take advantage of ithitMli&
it lasts. See ad. on last page.

For Malaria, Liver Trou-
ble, or Indigestion, use-
BROWN S IRON. BITTERS


worn II=-ABOx.",
Covered witt a Tasteless;andSoluble Coating.
iBEECHAM'S
PILLS
are a marrellous
V.- Antidote for Weak *
Stomach,
^ 2 J SICK HEAD-
ACHE,

t-e., found
atipatIon.
D.iorder-

ali o to be especially efficaoioun and remedial
by FEINALE SIUPPERERS. .'
Of all druggists. Price 25 cents a box.
New York Depot, 365 Canal St. "




PUMPS -MADE BY
-THE DEMIN6-CO,r SAEfEM;r
HENION& HUBB E EILE
,WesternAgents, CHIOAGO, fit
Write for Catalogue and.TBa~aIOr ON SPBAnnT .


MAKEMONEY
WAile You SleeDp*

STAHL'S ,4

EXCELSIOR

FRUITDRIER
Evapoeat Fruni B[AYT
nd NnIGHT., Catalogue, j 1
Addres-
WILLIAM STAH .
EVAPORATOR COMPY,
OTOIcr~nxL ^f~j


THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT 'GROWEW


45 :.




THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-iUIOWER.


ATLANTA


PLOWS


MANUFACTURED IN THE SOUTH.


The South is depend
Manufacturing interests
a Southern planter, cons
Southern Manufacturers,


e
i-


nt solely upon its Farming and
for prosperity. Now, don't you,
ider it your duty to patronize
everything being equal ?


The manufacturers
to MAKE everything


of ATLANTA PLOWS
equal.


guarantee


SOFT
CENTER
STEEL
MOULD
BOARDS


EXTRA
HARDENED
CRUCIBLE
STEEL
POINTS.


FOR


F7ALL


PLOWING THE


ATLANTA CLIPPER STEEL BEAM PLOWS
ARE UNSURPASSED.


WE


HAVE ALSO CHTTTTTIDT PLOWS, CAST PLOWS,
BLACK STICKY T.AND STFIT, PLOWS,
S SPADING THA RROWS ETC.
THE BRAND '"ATLANTA PLOWS" IS A GUARANTEE OF EXCELLENCE.


-, -:i E WRITE US AT ONCE FOR PRICES.
THE SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL WORKS


A-TLANTA, GEORGIA.


454


R. 0. BOX 486.









THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 45


SAVANNAH LINE.

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70o hours.



OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.


Passage Rates a
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.50;
Steerage, $12.50.
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00oo, Excursion, $47.30; Steerage, $14.25
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
[Central or goo Meridian Time.]
City of Augusta.................. ..............................Sunday, July 2d, 7.00 a.m
City of Birmingham....... ......Tuesday, July 4th, 7.30 p.m
Kansas City............................ ......................Friday, July 7th, 12.oo n'n
Tallahassee.......... ................... .................Sunday, July 9th, x.oo p.m
City of Augusta........ .... ........................... Tuesday, July iith, 4.00 p.m
City of Birmingham........ .... ...........................Friday, July 14th, 6.oo a.m
Kansas City.......... ................. .....................Sunday, July 16th, 7.oo a.m
Tallahassee......... ..... ............................... Tuesday, July i8th, 7.00 p.m
City of Augusta ................ ..............................Friday, July 21st; 12.oo n'n
City of Birmingham.......................... ...........Sunday, July 23d, 2.30o p.m
Kansas City...............Tuesday, July 25th, 3.30 p.m
Tallahassee .. ............. ..............Friday, July 28th, 5.oo a.m
City of Augusta ...................................................... Sunday, July 3oth, 6.oo a.m
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.
Gate City ..... .......................... ...........Thursday, July 6th, 10.30 a.m
City of Macon....................... .. .................Thursday, July 13th, 5.30 p.m
Gate City ...................................................... Thursday, July 2oth, o 30 a.m
City of Macon.............................. .... ..............Thursday, July 27th, 4.30 p.m
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.
(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)
Dessoug ......................................................Tuesday, July 6th, 10.30 a.m
Dessoug...................................................... ....Sunday, July 16th, 7.oo00 a.m
Dessoug.... ..........................................Wednesday, July 26th, 4.00 p.m
THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Wes ern Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
B. R. PRICE, Sol. Agent. W. H. LUCAS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. *71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville
S. C.BRADFORD, Soliciting Agent, 71 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
R. L. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
New Pier No. 35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.
W. L. JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent, W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville, Fla;
306 Washington st., Boston. W. H. RHETT, General Agent,
For Tickets apply to S.. F. & W. Railway office. 317 Broadway. New York.


Fri
Tue
Fri
Tue
Frid
Tu(
Fri
Tue
Fri
Tue
Fri


From New York.
(Pier 29, E. R.)
day, May. 26th, at 3
sday, May 30th, at 3
day, June 2d, at 3
sday, June 6th, at 3
day, June 9th, at 3
esday, June 13th, at 3
day, June 16th, at 3
sday, June 20th, at 3
day, June 23d, at 3
sday, June 27th, at 3
day, June 3oth, at 3


kT ,D.R TE.j ]From Jacksonville,
STEAMER Florida.
p m....... ALGONQUIN,"........ Thursday, June ist, at 5:30 a m
pm ........ "*IROQUOIS"......Sunday, June 4th, at 7:30am
p m......... SEMINOLE ...Thursday, June 8th, at.xx:3o am
p m........ "ALGONQUIN".... Sunday, June ith, at 1.30 pm
p m......... "IROQUOIS" .. ..... Thursday, June 15th, at 5:3o a m
p m...... "SEMINOLE"........ Sunday, June 18th, at 8:oo am
p m........"ALGONQUIN"........Thursday, June 22d, at 12:oo n'n
p m........"CHEROKEE" ......Sunday, June 25th, at i:3o pm
p m.... .... "IROQUOIS" ........Thursday, June 29th, at 4:00 a m
p m....... "SEMINOLE" ........Sunday, July 2d, at 6:3o am
p m........."CHEROKEE"........Thursday, July 6th, at io:oo a m


ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.

For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
the St. Johns Riyer.
Steamers are appointed to sail as follows:

/ Capt. W. A. SHAW.
From Jacksonville-Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5.00 p.m.; returning, leave Sanford Thursdays
and Mondays at 5.oo a.m.

Capt. LEO VOGEL.
From Jacksonville-Mondays and Thursdays at 5.00 p.m.; returning, leave Sanford Wednesdays
and Saturdays at 5.00 a.m. "
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
M. H..CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
THEO. T. EGEIR, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
F. 1M. IRONHN NGNBER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
J OHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
i2 sonith Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.


OF


FANCY POULTRY.

ATTENTION
ERFAFTER all fowls sent
from my yards, by express,
will go at one-half the former
rates-a great saving to my cus-
tomers. This Is by special ar-
rangement, and is confined to
fowls from my yards.
We are the largest breeders of
thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
Come and see our stock or send
for our illustrated catalogue and
price list of 14 varieties.
Poultry supplies of all kinds.
Incubators and Brooders, Shell
and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters,
Wire Nettin Desiccated Fish and
'Boiled Blood and Bone to make
hens lay.


JOHN L. MARVIN, J. P. TALIAFERRO,
President. Vice-President.
H. T. BAYA, THOSE. W. CONRAD,
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
CAPITAlIk $100,000.


THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK,
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
Respeetfully solicits yoult Deposits, Colleetions and Genetial
B3Banking Business.


CORRESPONDENCE INVITED

Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
raljaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R.B. Ar
arkson, -C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidsc


EGGS TO HATCH.
E. W. AMSDEN,
Ormond, Fla


John L.
Jas. P. 1
W. B. Cl
Dr. H. R


.4


chlbald,
dn,
dge.


Clyde Steamship Co,


NEW YORK, CHIRhESTTON ND FLOqlDi blINES.









_, -..- -- -- -


ziiIThe magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-
pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
both ways :


TO ALL BUYERS


John E. Hartri


obinson.








GERMAN POTASH SALTS---THE MURIATES, SULPHATES, ETC.
S: Having pushed our business during thi season of '92 and ;93 beyond'all competitors in this State, increasing our sales this .ealson
more than 500 per cent. beyond the sales of any previous year, selling a majority of the largest and best known brands, and branching
our business out into Northern, Eastern, Southerin and Western States, we are now arranging to vastly increase our handling a nd -hi1lpirnL
facilities, carrying, a full stock of every, description of fertilizer materials so as to fill all orders same day as received. To ",ia ke th i' st.oek-
complete we have added Muriate of Potash-this form -of potash being the most universally used, being the cheapest kind per unit of pure
potash, K, 0, and for the majority of crops can be used to decided advantage. Send for circulais giving full information, S1.:iwir, i the
relative values of the different Potash Salts per unit of pure Potash, K2 0, based on shipments f. o. b. Jacksonville. These co'n:painiiati ve
analyses and valuations of the German Potash Salts have never before been published in this State and will be of great value to the. Flri:la
Farmer and Fruit-Grower; they are based on the opinions of the German Syndicate and tlheir'authorized representatives, therefore, abso-
lutely impartial- and of great benefit to all agriculturists. This sheet will be-prqmptly mailed to you by mentioning this paper an]d ;d.
dressing
THE PAINE FERTILIZER CO.,
0 TW .Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla., or 1229 Broad St.. (C,,, i rv Fr,,t l .. _. ,,. i o '.. N. I.


-E. IL. GOODSELT,,
FLORIDA ORANGES..
94 W. Bay St.
JACKSONVILLE, PLA.


C)


A


. 't =AIA


37 E. L.C'-j0ESF.LL,
, CALIFORNIA FRUITS. G.
SI, ."' _,:,;:,Di ,t., C
Si -. .( R-1ME N ',.,, CAL L


THf FIRST DIRECT STEAMER FROM FLORIDA TO ENiAND .WVITI A EARlD OF.FIBRIDA ORANGES


anseeond about November 15, provided sufficient support ispledged
to warrant the chartering of two fast steamers now in view. I par-
ticularly desire all fruit growers to write me whether or not they will
support the project to further direct shipments to England, as it is
necessary to have these pro' mie in order to g ahd ah-,ad nd ek-linite.ly
arrange for the steameris.s
It is my intention thii season to ciart ri better tejiamer and in
prove on the details of the liadini ot the vessel, ar:i al tlo t:, have the
proceeds of the sales in the, bandsl of the shipperi 's f lot ,:,t' 101) oxes-
and over not later than three days atter tLe fruit has bee s:old in
England.
I shall be prp3,redar- to ma-ke a sauill niva ric and to pack truit
in Jacksonville so should the roiw-ers desire me to do so. Further J.e--
tails regarding the project will be hl-eel fully furni-hed upon written
application.


It is my intention to build a large packing-house in .Jaksou-.
ville,'and I desire to obtain the opinion of growers of Florid, ora uses
as to the advisability of doing this, and what support I ca-n count
upon in the event I do this. I shall be prepared to receive the fruit.
in bulk or in field boxes and packet up in the best and most careful
LiJa-iiel r t' the ac:ounut Aof the grower-.r
I request :-orrepoin]deini:.e on thie a0l.ve twi'. poiit-. as the timne is
v,'ry -lhoirt for the ine':cesary details for carry l' rin. out thi-: project, miiO't.
vital to the Florid,:a growers in view of the probable orange e'i.,p that..
will have to be marketed this coming seajsou. "
Add res-

E. L. GOOD3SELL.
103 Park Place, New York.


E. L. GOODSET.L N ,
CALIFORNIA& FLORIDA FRUITS'
SDock St ree, C.
PB-IL-ADELPHIA, PA.


S1K*-


A i .MFI,_N, G-C .DSELL & Co., C
ICALIFORNIA& SPANISH FRUITS^
, 1. Phdpot Lane, j
AI'.. 0,.0 oe(<,, ( mino,?ftie
;-_ e,___IT


Geo. S. Hacker & Son, U.SE ONLY FERTILIZER
MANt-F.Acr ERi OF Manu'cturied, by thie

L B.- Darling Fertilizer Co.,
S'OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.
NO OTHERS- GIVE EQUAL RESULTS.
SO. B. WEEKS, State Agent, .Ja:knvoile, Fla.
No. 8 Bosmrick Block, Corner Bay and Main Streets
.' Send for Pocket Memo.randa Book. .

And Building Material. B ACH & VALENTINE,
CHRLESTON, 0..
. FLORIDA CLOVERS, :,IMPORTERS OF NEW, ANDL CHOICE
.MEDICAG.O. MACULATj ,4DA BRR -
O..LOFER,-usedon trle LAWNS OF iTHE n.,
.,PONOE DE LEOF HOTEL, St. Augu P ntSfO th ind S
wns. Mediagor.Spotted ~redick, oc q Pant fr th W t art,
.3 IerE lel. Burr .tlorder. -ic quart, 2.5: ,
Stock ofrel] garden and field seedis Crrespondence solicited.
u]ehd.ro ctaJoge- .,. a. ".Be s l .
-,23' aBaySL, Jackspnie,. ... MELBOURKNE, FLA.

: --, : .. -. :- ,. --, , l! k. _.:. .
X '-"- '- -: ,""--:.' '#-2-: "'A: -.:: -: .''' ,' .. .; -.:: .. ,.''


FAIR AND SQUAR'!E
PRINTED

FRUIT WRAPPERS,
Put upin paclageor sheet numbered1
c,,U=cutr.ej.y i [0 Z,.. ',.
Low Prceo C-Coo Work. Full Count. '"'
THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.;
3. Moutgotmery 5t Jersey City, N. J..


FRUIT TREES.
SOUTHERN" ORCHARD:;'
Write for Catalogue and price 1is.
JENNINGS' NURSERY-CO.

A ,., _Oa o.'O
WH*I-I-MAC Mming Dicig a-W w-Pwivfi


i =I L L .C-- --"" ;"- i '-."tar"ng o-l ra--&o.'Wi///l l -
r5f60ri,,^uThtfa'ne~ic-aWl.lWeir.1,-]--,- .:_"
alEo, Chicag, b g III Dalla, 11.; l .; Sydney, N. SW.. -


^ ... .:::-.-
-... '.. ,-.. -- .. .*- : .-i, -:= .


THIi FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


46i


__ 1K0-