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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
VOL. 1---NO. 24.
ORANGE CULTURE ABROAD.
IX.-Causes of Disease Other
than Insects and Fungi.
In continuance of our review of the
Consular reports on the orange in for-
eign countries, we will now consider
the subject of diseases and their reme-
dies. As the treatment of this subject
requires exactness in order to be of any
value, we shall quote from only two or
three reports, as nearly all the others
merely touch on the subject, without at-
tempting definite descriptions. We are
led to judge, however, that the diseases
described by the Consuls at Cadiz and
Barcelona-from whose reports we shall
quote-are the ones most prevalent in
the orange districts bordering on the
Mediterranean. As to other parts of the
world the information on this subject is
As the diseases to which the European
orange groves are subject, either prevail
in Florida in the same or similar form, or
are liable to be introduced, we shall
quote nearly everything on this subject
that seems to be of a reliable character.
For convenience of reference we will
classify the diseases of the orange into
three classes, namely, those which affect
the tops, the trunks and the roots. The
diseases which affect the tops may nat-
urally be classified according to causes.
I.-CLIMATIC AND ATMOSPHERIC.
SInjuries arising from excessive cold or
dry heat, wind or humidity, result in
derangement of vegetative functions,
and are more difficult to remedy than
those arising from most other causes.
We will now quote a page from the re-
port of Consul Lowenstein, of Southern
S1ain, including the section on snow,
rather as a curiosity than because it can
be of any service to Floridian orange
"Cold.-This commences by destroy-
ing the tender shoots of the trees, fol-
lowed by the drying up of the blossom,
after which takes place the disorganiza-
tion of the fruit and afterwards that of
the leaves, the branches, trunk and
finally roots. Crevices open in the
branches, which bend and turn black,
the, leaves wrinkle, roll up and die; the
flowers become blackened and disorganiz-
ed; the fruit loses its brilliancy, dissipates
its odorous principles, loses its juice and
becomes bitter, falls off the tree and
rots, or if the cold has not been very
intense the fruit is half frozen, and re-,
mains on the tree till the following
"Snow.-This injures the tree, both
from cold and its weight. Should the
storm be heavy and the fall great, this
bears down-the branches and in many
cases breaks some. -As regards the cold
occasioned by it, this does not always do
harm, but when it does do so it is very
frequently confined to the young shoots.
Should the weather be fine both before
and after a snow storm, the cold water
produced'on thawing, produces its effects
on the young branches, for which reason
no time should be lost in shaking all the
snow off them before nightfall, for
should it-be condensed on them, the
harm occasioned would be of much
greater importance. The system of
placing heaps of damp straw at fixed
distances between the trees, so that on
setting said heaps on fire in order to ob-
tain a smoke between the sun's rays and
the trees, has produced a magnificent re-
sult. If after snowing the weather con-
tinues threatening, or there be heavy
clouds floating, about, neither the trees
nor the fruit will suffer any harm,
although the thermometer might be be-
"Humidity, Dews and Frost -An ex-
cess of humidity in the atmosphere dur-
ing the fecundation of the blossom gen-
erally produces bad results, especially
in such places where the ventilation is
limited, should the temperature at night
decline to any extent. Frost, with an
east wind, occasions a deal of harm, but
should the wind be from the north it is
not so bad. Little that is economical
can be availed of in large orchards, but
in reduced ones the harm is lightened at
small cost by availing of certain mate-
rials for shelter, of little value, which in
certain districts are plentiful.
S"Hail.-This causes a deal of 'damage
to the fruit. Should the storm be of
short duration and the wounds occasion-
ed by it be of slight profundity, these
will soon heal up and everything con-
tinue well, but certain black stains will
remain which reduce the value of the
fruit. Should the storm be heavy, it
completely destroys the orange, which
quickly enters into a state of putrefac-
'Wind.-This exercises its influence
on the orange trees in two different
ways, viz:' by its force and by its tem-
perature, the injury caused being great-
er or less according to the position in
which the orchards may lie. North,
northwest and west northwest winds are
the most dangerous in certain places on
account of their temperature, for as a
rule they dry up the extremes of the
S 0 B
FiGo. 4.-Showing of an 1Estivalis Vine at
end of Fourth Summer.
that is the third fall after planting, cut
one of these two canes back to two buds
and the other to six buds (see Fig. 5),
rubbing off the two lower buds, which
generally do not set much fruit. You
have, therefore, growing the next sum-
mer, eight shoots on fruit canes, and
four shoots on spurs. If the latter have
made a stronger growth than any on the
fruit canes remove the fruit canes alto-
gether and proceed on your four shoots
in the same manner as at the last pruning,
that is, prune two of these shoots to two
buds and two to six buds. In case some
buds on the spurs have failed to grow,
,., -. p- p P P
o e cWN \ \
c c ,. .
confidence to a successful future for the
olive in Texas, believing from its record
elsewhere that its success is even more
certain in sandy loam soils than upon
the more rich soils of this region. And
for its profitableness in the making of
oil, California reports it at $600 to $1,000
an acre in an orchard, while its berries
are often picked green and pickled and
sold for table use at 75 cents to $1 a gal-
FLORIDA'S NEW PALM.
Mr. E. N. Reasoner Explores
the Grove on Long Key.
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
In response to your request for some
notes on the Pseudophoeenix palm on
Long Key, recently visited by my
brother, I write the following from his
description. The palms are growing on
the east end of Long Key, in a little giove
by themselves, on a high, dry ridge sur-
rounded on all sides by almost impene-
trable swamps. This ridge is not more
than ten rods in length and five in
breadth, and is situated on the southern-
most of the two points which extend out
into the Straits of Florida, and about
eighty rods back from the beach. The
surrounding swamps are dense jungles
of red mangrove, and the ridge itself is
covered with a growth of black man-
grove, button-wood, stoppers of various
kinds and the great scrambling "Nicker-
bean" vine (Guilandina Bonduc) in ad-
dition to the palms.
The palms are about 150 in number,
and the largest specimen of all, the
"great grandfather," is not more than
eleven feet in height. Most of the oth-
ers seem to have reached a "responsi-
ble age", in spite of their small size, and
showed old blossom spikes, though not
a perfect seed was found. The almost
total absence of small plants seemed to
show that perfect seeds are very rarely
produced, or else that the conditions of
moisture are seldom favog;Able enough
for them to germinate, There were
many small and imperfectfseeds under
some of the trees, but no perfect ones,
At the next pruning remove altogeth-
er the canes D (Fig. 4), and cut the canes
C down to three buds, as before,. repeat-
ing the same operation every year. If
you notice that one of the old arms be-
gins to fail, shorten it back to the first
vigorous cane, which you will bend
down on the wires to replace the part of
the old arm removed. Generally the
closer to the trunk of the vine the
stronger the canes. Suppose that all the
canes from B to R (Fig. 4) show a de-
crease in vigor, cut off the arm at point
visited by him on his seed planting ex-
cursions. P. W. REASONER.
[It is gratifying to khow that the new
palm is not so near extinction as it ap-
peared to'be at the time our account of
its discovery was published. Through
Prof. Sargent's and Mr. Reasoner's ex-
ertions its perpetuation will be insured,
at-east in a cultivated state. As a large
portion of our present subscribers were
not taking the FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER when our original illustration
of this palm appeared, we concluded to
accompany Mr. Reasoner's article with a
new cut, which our engraver, Dr. A. T.
Cuzner, volunteered to make with some
improvements on the original.
Sinco our first description appeared
Prof. Sargent has informed us .that the
generic name therein given was not cor-
rect. +We regret that such a blunder oc-
curred, but, without entering into an
explanation of causes, we will simply
say that the original and correct generic
name is Pseudophcenix. As to the theo-
ry that this palm was introduced by Dr.
Perrine, we admit the possibility of its
correctness, but we think it highly prob-
able that the tree has been growing on
these keys for thousands of years.-A.
Dr. Neal's New Peach.
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
I send you to-day a sample of.my hy-
brid, though not the first or the finest,
and hope it may reach you in good or-
Five years ago I had a late blooming
Peen-to, and tried to fertilize about 10@
of the blooms with Honey peach pollen.
One of these seedlings bore a few peaches
this year, and to my delight gave me a
fine hybrid, and better yet, gave a clue
as to prepotency which will guide me in
my efforts to obtain a "Peen-to Free-
stone" and a "Blood Freestone."
The average size of this peach is three
and a half inches long diameter, three
inches short diameter; color, scarlet and
orange. It has a strong peach flavor,
but with the "bitter" eliminated. Next
year about twenty more trees will bloom,
and maybe something better will turn
I think best not to offer the stock for
sale till another year shail prove it fully.
Though in vigor it is equal to the Peen-to,
-the time of flowering, ripening, etc., are
not surely known.
J. C. NEAL, M. a.
ARCHER, Fla., June 6, 1887.
[An acknowledgment of the -above
mentioned fruit will be found on the
editorial page.-A. H.C.]
Concerning Lawn Grass.
Editor Florda Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
In your issue of May 18th I find ahn
interesting article on turf grasses. En-
closed is a specimen of what we call-the
St. Augustine grass. We.have found it
far superior to the Paspalum pladtycaule
on account of its very dwarfish nature.
Last year I let the Paspalum platycaule
grow where I wanted grass, thinking it
was the St. Augustine, and am now pull-
ing it out. If any of the readers, of your
paper would like to try a few roots I will
willingly send them a dozen or so for
the price of postage. Down here it
grows well on dry shell banks.
MRS. W. %NESBITT"
MIcco, Brevard county, Way 30, 1867.
[The -specimen accompanying the
above letter is true St. Augustine grass
(Stenotqphrum Americanuni), which
may be found from Fernaridina to Key
Largo. We cannot believe that PaSpa-
lum platycaule grows inBrevard county,
except we see a specimen from there.
As our correspondent speaks of the Sten-
otaphrum as being more dwarf than the
Paspalum, when the reverse is the case,
it is evident she has some other species in
view. We suspect she mistakes our cut
for a reduced representation of the com-
mon Paspalum ciliatifolium, which takes
naturally to lawns, but is too coarse.
Paspalum platycaule is far superior to
the St. Augustine grass. Our illustra-
tion represented its natural size, though
the hair-like seed stems sometimes run
up twice as tall.-A. H. C.]
Plan for Killing Moles.
One of our most reliable farmers, Mr.
W. T. Stansel, of Little River, Florida,
mentioned a system of destroying moles,
which we think is worthy of favorably
consideration by farmers generally. + It
is well known that moles are among the
most exasperating of all the farmer's
Mr. Stansel's plan is to erect a trap
somewhat like a "dead fall," a solid-
piece of timber about a foot square, sus-
pended over the underground roads' f
moles. A trigger rests on the ground in
such a way that when the earth is
stirred the board falls. Bits of wire,
about six inches long, are inserted about ,
half an inch apart over the board and'
sharpened so as to pierce the mole. He
informs us tb at he has killed a great
number with this simple arrangement.
-Lake City Reporter.
branches exposed to their influence, be-
sides which the shoots of certain species
become unsound. Those thit cause
most harm in the south of Europe, by
reason of .their impetuosity, are the
south, south southwest and south south-
east, according to the position of the
valleys. All these winds come with
puffs of extraordinary strength, and de-
stroy the branches unable to resist them.
The only remedy in these important oc-
casions is to cut off everything that has
been destroyed and dried up. With the
object of partially avoiding these misfor-
tunes, the custom of producing trees of
shortened growth has of late years vastly
The Burning and Rust.-The disease
known as burning is due in great part to
the too abundant dews that fall here,
which are evaporated with an excessive
rapidity by a burning sun. To the same
cause may be traced the disease vulgarly
called "rust," or a class of mildew on
the leaves of the orange trees. This
manifests itself on the fruit by a red
stain, which, as it increases, becomes
much darker and finishes by disorganiz-
ing the pulp and rotting the fruit. The
cleaning and pruning of the trees is the
best known method against this evil.
"Chlorosis.-The chlorosis or yellow-
ing of the leaves, and also the withering,
are generally attributed either to the
superabundance of humidity in the soil,
to an excessive quantity of branches
having but little ventilation, to the want
of iron in the earth, to a species of tor-
por in the absorption of the mineral
matters existing in them, and to the al-
teration of the roots, if old. The remedy
to be employed to combat this evil is
distinct according to the cause by which
it is produ ed."
In the report from the Azore Islands
it is statedthat "the orange trees at St.
Michael appear to be subject to a drying
up of the branches without any apparent
cause, and without the presence of any
insect or figus. No remedy as yet has
been discovered for this, I am told (may
it not be from exhaustion of the soil?)."
Consul Lowenstein states that in Spain
"such trees as appear languid and seem
diseased," are treated with liquid ma-
nure. "A trench of about the depth of
five centimeters [two inches] is dug
around the spot where, this liquid ma-
nure is to be placed, which is afterwards
covered over. Liquid manures are made
of "fecal matters, skins and refuse of
oily seeds and guano, the whole mixed
together with a sufficient quantity of
water. The effect produced is of imme-
diate and short duration. They should
not be madeise of except during the
heat of the srpmimer and at the moment
when the ve station is most active, for
if applied du ung the winter they might
lead to the p,#trefaction of the roots."
That the orange growers of the East,
as well as of the West, need to be on
their guard against impostors, is to be
inferred fror : the following rather
strong passage in the report of the Con-
sul at Tangiers: "There have been em-
pirics who have written on the orange
trees and on the manner of composting
the soil, recommending allsorts of filthy
nostrums and unwholesome composts
which nature never designed, and no-
body can form an idea of the mischief
which such people do. In nine cases
out of ten the leading cause ,f failure,
where trees get diseased or where neith-
er fruit nor flowers are had with any cer-
tainty, is due tojll treatment and pois-
oning of the roots with the obnoxious
Hardingss of the Olive.
The follow* communication is ad-
dressed to the omologist of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture by a resident of
Agreeable to a promise made at Fort
Worth last year concerning the olive
tree, I have to report that I set out three
olive trees gotten in California four
years ago. They were young, only six
inches high, set out on black, waxey
soil among peach trees. The first year
they made about eight inches of growth.
Two of them have 'made this growth
each year. The third tree has made
more growth the last three years until
now it is about eight feet high. It
blossomed last year and this year, but it
set no fruit last year, and at present it
does not look as though it would set any
this year. The difference in growth of
this one tree I attribute to the use of
wood ashes put around the tree. The
others had none around them. These
trees have been subjected to a freezing
temperature of '4 degrees above zero,
which destroyed both the fig and,pome-
granate trees, while the olive trees,on all
of their wood have not been affected in
the least by any freezing or throwing
out of the wood, and it is all alive now
and growing finely, even to the tip end
of all the branches. It has stood a vari-
ation in temperature 'of 58 degrees in
March, this year, in three days' time,
which killed nearly all peach fruit.
With.this record and experience with
More Sub-Tropical Grasses.
We are pleased to learn from Mr.
Reasoner that he has introduced some
of the Pennisetum grasses into Florida,
at his nurseries near Manatee. He
writes: "A little fodder grass from India,
Pennisetum halioides, has made a re-
markably quick growth and seems
promising, as does another species whose
name has escaped me."
Von Mueller includes s veral species of
Pennisetum among useful extra tropical
plants, and describes P. typhoideum as
follows; "The Bajree. Tropical Asia,
Nubia and Egypt. An annual, requir-
ing about three months to ripen its mil-
let crop in warm countries. The stems
are thick and reach a height of six feet.
The maximum length of a spike is
about a foot and a half. Colonel Sykes
saw, exceptionally, fifteen spikes on one
plant and occasionally 2,000 seeds in one
spike. Together with sorghum this is
the principal cereal, except rice, grown
in India by the native races. This grass
.requires a rich and loose soil, and
on such it will yield upwards
of a hundred fold. It furnishes a good
hay, though not very easily dried, and
is also valuable as green fodder. In the
United States cultivated as far north as
Pennsylvania, and it matures seed even
as far north as Christiana in Norway.
Its fast growth prevents weeds from ob-
taining afoothold. In very exceptional
cases and under most favorable circum-
stances as regards soil and manure, the
first cutting is there in six or seven
weeks, t en up to seven feet high, giv-
ing at the rate of thirty tons green feed
or six and a half tons of hay per acre,
on well manured soil. In six or seven
weeks more a second cutting is obtained,
reaching fifty-five tons per aclie of green
feed, the grass being nine feet 'high. .A
third cut is got in the same season.
*Farm stock eat it greedily.
.tGRAPE CULTURE FOR FLORIDA.
II.--The Pruning and Training
of the Vines.
BY E. DUBOIS.
At the beginning of the second season,
instead of pinching off the two young
shoots when they reach the second wire,
as for vines of the first category, we al-
low them to grow unchecked, tying
them to and around the upper wire.
Some pinch them off when they attain
about six feet, but I do not see the ne-
cessity of doing so, since we have no use
for the laterals. They say it makes the
two arms more stocky. Sometimes it
does, sometimes it does not, and the de-
velopment of the laterals is made at the
expense of the main cane.
XAt. the pruning season we find our
vines with two long canes which we
trim and tie up to the wires so that they
form with the latter Suchi angles as
shown in Fig. 3. By this special incli-
pation of the arms a more equal growth
will be obtained than if they were bent
down and tied horizontally to the lower
Swire, as is generally practiced. When
all the buds have put out young shoots,
select the five or six best ones-in prefer-
ence those growing upright-and tie
them up to the trellis according to their
growth. The dotted lines in Fig. 3 in-
dicate the position of these young
shoots just after they have been tied to
the upper wires. As they continue
growing bend them on top of one anoth-
er over this upper wire, starting with
* shoots A, B, in Fig. 8. There will be4
some grapes on your vines this season,
sometimes enough to pay for all your
former expenses. The fEstivalis varie-
ties, however, bear a full crop before
Sthe vines are fully established and prun-
.ed to spurs or old wood.
++ In fall we cut down to three buds all
our young canes but two: A B and D C,
Fig. 8, on which we leave six or seven
buds.- Now we cut loose from the upper
wire the old arms E, F, Fig. 3, to fasten
the end of them down to the lower wire
as shown in Fig. 4. The two young
canes left with six or seven buds are
also bent down and tied to the lower
wire (see line 0 B in Fig. 4). The object
of lengthening the tWo arms is to fill up
the space between the vines, which we
could not do before, as when these twoe
arms are cut too Ion gthe second year there
are always some)buds failing to grow.
For Elvira and other Riparias do not ex-
tend your vines so soon: prune canes O
B to spurs like the others.
At the'beginning of the fourth sum-
mer the two upper buds of each spur
will put out young shoots. Should one
grow 'from the lower bud, rub it off--
unless you see more or better forms of
grapes on it, in which case rub off ono of
the others. -On the branch 0 B, Fig. 4,
allow- only three shoots to grow. We
have now, on each vine, twenty-two up-
right canes growing from each cane. We
may reasonably expect two bunches of
grapes, which give us forty-four bunches
per vine-a sufficient yield to satisfy
V --'-"g!::''"" !!!;' ;: --s;;;::"1*= -:=..
FIG. 8.-Showing an 2Estivalls Vine at be-
ginning of Third Season.
R, and use canes C as a new arnm. If
only the three canes P, P, P weaken,
operate the section of the old arm at
point S and use next cane, C, as new part
of the arm.
The second summer after planting you
allow the two young shoots to grow
unchecked, as for JaEstivalis, and in fall
you trim them back to three buds (in-
cluding the ones at the bases of the
cane). If three shoots start you rub off
the weakest Which leaves two growing
on each spur. At the next pruning,
[From a new and revised engraving.]
the olive tree we may w
The non-germination of the perfect seeds
may also, perhaps, be accounted for on
account of the extreme dryness of the
soil, which is a finely powdered shell
covered with a thin stratum of dry leaf
The Psendophcenix is one of the 'most
elegant and graceful of dwarf palms, as
a leaf we bave before us and specimens
in the greenhouse show. The general
appearance is very different from that
of small specimens of the Royal palm.
The thick, "substantial" trunks are
painted with alternate rings of richest
brown and green-the scars left by the
leaf stalks, which drop in proper season
like Sir Isaac Newton's apple-and do
not remain on after the leaves die to
form.a cheveaux-de-frise, like the cabbage
palmetto. The clean, well shaped
trunks are surmounted by crowns of
from seven to fourteen graceful pinnate
leaves resembling those of some species
of phoenix rather than of Royal palms.
The most of the island, including the
palms, is the property of a New York
gentleman, who has extensive cocoa-
nut Lyroves along the beach, and who
has already taken commendable steps to
protect the trees from the vandal's axe.
It is worthy of note that the eastern
extremity of Long Key is not more than
eight miles distant from the old home
of Dr. Perrine, on Lower Metacombe,
and must undoubtedly have been often
FIG. 5.-A Delaware Vine, Pruned and Tied
4 to Trellis, at beginning of Fourth Season.
or made an insufficient growth, replace
them by the strongest shoots on fruit
I do not pretend that the foregoing are
the only and immutable rules for the
pruning and training of the different va-
rieties of grape vines. Some other
methods may prove just as good and
practical, but none will give a more cer-
tain succession of crops, insuring at the
same time a -long life to the vines.
None, which offers the same advantages,
will invole so little expenditure of time
SAN LUIS VINEYARDS,
May 30th 1887.
SEight years of almost continuous per-
sonal experiment has confirmed the
early view of Dr. J. M Anders that
house plants are entitled to a very high
rank among sanitary agents. In a new
work he even asserts the conviction
that living'plants serve as an ef-
ficient protection against consump-
tion of the ,lungs, besides ren-
dering important service in other condi-
tions of disease. An abundance of
flowers, indeed, seem to offer'an imper-
fect substitute for out door, life when
indoor life is unavoidable.-Ex.
PRICE $2 A YEAR.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 15, 1887.
Queen& ly mail a specialty.
Give me a trial order.
For prices or4ther information, address
H. C. HART,
E stis, Orange Co., Fla,
ELLIS & McCLURE,
ArcMtects & Civil E ineers,
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
INUB, SANITARY ENGINEERING, &C.
P.O. ox 784. Rooms 7 and 8 Palmetto Block *
Suited to the Soil and Climate of
Grown and for Sale at
SAN LUIS AND ANDALUI',
Near TALLAHASSEE, Fld.,
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, also,
for Price List of
Fancy Pultry ani Hunting Dogs,
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va.
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
-$1 :P:ER 13----
Also Thoroughbred Young Setters and Hounds,
Address VILLA ZANZA POULTRY YARDS,
Manatee, Fla. ^
rs must look for other signs of ripening, HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, it is the
nd the "belly," or under surface, where __ best agricultural paper published in the
Shas been in contact with the earth, 'A e ofM n E en f South. I predict immense success for it."
resents the most reliable in the appear- A Few of Many Expressions of Mr. W. N. Justice, commission mei-
nce of the pores of the skin. When Approval. chant of Philadelphia, writes "Having
these beco.ne perceptible to the touch, Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala- received the first issue of your agricul-
y a roughness of the skomto, or can bar, writes: "I am delighted with the tural paper, and being delighted withits
een, or the rindt has become too hard to FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, and rec- tone, we wish you to insert our card for
he melon may be picked for shipment, ommend it to all on account of its corn- six months."
The shriveling or dying of the "curl plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
Tr heittltenlinl e tofthe"elo,"oitude. Other agricultural papers con- AITLAND NURSERIES.
)r little tendril nearest to the melonI or tain only an occasional article of inter-M
n the axil of the stem, is a usual, buttatotly t occasm arrtil o ner
ot a certain sign of ripeness. est to the farmers of South Florida, who
A ripe melon sounds hollow upon per- care little for dairy news or general
ussion with the knuckle, but thumping farming in the North, but the articles in ALL VARIETIES Of
umP^g the. FARMERAND FRUIT-GROWER are-- AL AITIS.O
s only practicable in the early morning, the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER are
good, very good, and I wish you the suc-
oa arge unrinpetilonh the hm same cess you deserve for furnishing Florida ORANGEAND LEMON TREES.
-esonance during the hot mid day sun. famr appr'a jus 'fll th billn ."'n
f the "belly" is yellow and blistered, farmers paper that just 'fills the bill.'"
he melon is surely full ripe. Pressure Mr. C. H. Goodrich, of Orange Park,
pon the fruit to hear the sound of the writes: "I must say that the FARMER
upture of the flesh within, if ripe, AND FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly the best Buds not placed on small stocks, but on extra
s objectionable. It injures the ripe as publication of the kind in the State. I
yell as the green, and should never be take them all and can compare their .large and fine ones.
escorted to. merits."
---. Mr. Charles W. Stevens of Orange We make a specialty of the
Experiences with Fertilizers. county, writes: "Your paper far ex-
The experience of some of the best ceeds the hopes of the most sanguine ---EARLY SPAN-H, R ,iFE---
The expricker ofsoand ofr therowerstin its good work. It fills a want
nown truckers and fruit growers in long felt in this part for a good ag- (the earliest variety known),
qew Jersey, as given in the annual re- ricultural paper. Success to you."
ort of the meeting of the State Horti- TOHITI LIMs and
cultural Society, in reference to fertil- Prof. S. N. Whitner, of the Agricul-
zers, is that stable manure is in no sense tural College of Florida, writes as fol- VILLA FRANCA LEMONS,
he equal of commercial fertilizers. One lows; dIl can say min all sincerity, it has ,
speaker declared he had tried both sep- exceeded my most sanguine expectations. and can show trees ot thelatter that stood the
rately and together on potatoes, and Already it is without a peer in all the cold last winter as weil as the :Orange, and
hat he would not haul stable manure South." 'NOW HAVE Fr. IT UPON THE
00 yards to use it on this crop. He as- Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distinguished HAVE FIIT PON THEM.
erted that of late years stable manure horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger-
s of no use for potatoes. From the use mantown nurseries, in a letter dated --
f this manure he always expected a March 5th, writes: "I am very much
field of 200 bushels per acre. Another pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT- Send for Catalogue..
speaker contended that no man can af- GROWER, and shall read it regularly,
ord to buy stable manure at $2 a load which you know id a high compliment IEDNMET & CAREY,
nd compost it. Ten loads in the fall for an editor to pay to an exchange." P
ill not make five loads in the spring. Prof. D, L. Pbares, the eminent pro- O. w Wht-arkPla]
Fhe general response of the cultivators fessor of biology in the Agricultural Col- -ILEY, GROVEI dir N W.
present was, that there was a most de- lege of Mississippi, says in the Southern '
ided difference in the eating quality of Live Stock Jewrnal: "His [the editor's] STATE AG-E NT 01[
Potatoes grown with commercial fertil- valuable paper already appearing in the
zers and with stable manures. This first numbers are fulfilling our expecta- RASIN FERTILIZER 0OW'S
act has been es4lished. too, by the tion and prediction. They may be fully
analysis at the New York Experiment relied upon for conscientious correc- SOLUABLE SEA ISLAND GUTANO
station, which showed a larger per cent. ness of statement and scientific accur-
f solids in the potato grown with fertil- acy of detail."
zers. Hon. J. Wm. Ewan, writing from DISSOLVED BONE AND ALKALI
And the same opinion prevailed in re- Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly I HOSP&A
pect to their use on sweet potatoes.
i: speaker t dtesibuedontheetxpoerioentyou.are doing a good work in establish-
ne speaker described the experiment ing an enlightened and scientific system AND WHOLESALEDE-HALEfRS mI
trade by him, in which he took two of agriculture, which heretofore has
bos our tmes a hlale as teother been seriously neglected. Your paper is FRUITS AND rienWCE.
bot four times a 1s large as the otherinviting in appearance, pure in senti-
,bout the size of a bushel basket. These ment. and progressive in principle, and --
hills produced nearly double the quan- surely must succeed." Get our Prices before buying,
ity of the others, and the potatoes were r S Seee, e cet
,s shortt and brighter. Still another Mr. S. A. Steven, of Sumter county, e ONSIGNMENTS OFI EGSS
speaker testified that it is impossible to writes: "I am in love with your paper T CHICKENS, FRUIt AND,
aise smooth potatoes with barn- but am taking so many now that until COUXCTRY PROrD.UCE
yard manure. In reference to peach some subscription runs out I can't take SOLICITED BY
orchards, the disease known as more, but calculate to be a subscriber to J. H. SUT[EaRLAND,
r ~rs t e known as mourpae 9T 9WOLSLEPOEC
he, yellows" was pronounced to be still your paper soem" WHOLESALE POsU anCE
Mysterious one, but it is doubtless due Mr. E. W. Amesden, of Ormond-on-the- 28 OCEAN STREET,
o the deficiency-of the .requisite ele- Halifax, wiiteswas follows: "I am tak- JACKSOwVIIBs
ments of the soil. One cultivator pres- ing ten papers on agricultural subjects, LA-
ant said he had applied potash as a rem- and if asked to,surrender the FARMER BLACK cow PEAS
edy, with phosphoric acid and salt, and AND FRUIT-GROwER, I would tell them -1 i erli.
bis. trees lived to a greater age than to take the other mine, but leave me Make best vines for fertilizing or ferage.
hose around him. The best form of that. May peace and plenty and years Price $1.3s perl.shel.
applying potash to the soil, he thought, of grace be give, you to continue the CHOICE WHITE BLACK-EYE PEAS,
was kainit. The foliage of the trees good work." '$1.o per Bslshel.
akes on a dark green, like on two-year- Mr. J. V. Damsby, of Pensacola, whose GEO. R.. REYNOLDS,
old trees. The maturity of the crop eminent success ia truck gardening, as 41 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla,
was not materially 'hastened. The se- well as his able writings on farm topics,
cret of success is to manure well, culti- entitle his opinion to respect, expresses 1 500 NICEBUDDD YOUNGORANGE
vate well and furrow well.-Colman's himself as follows : "The first number ?,5 TREEB,
Rural World. of the FARMEX AND FRUTr-GROWER was E":3:EST "V'-A-.L. TI'E.S,
-- *--- duly received and is the best thing in its From 20too 40 Cent e h, 7-8 to I .1-4
Late Planted Sweet Potatoes. way I have seen. It is just the paper u snee'.
needed- anidAoui ke etp to the Sres- Sour stalks and sweet seedlings at prices to
This is the favored time for enlarging nd i suit patrons. .
theareain siwhefetpdoatoes.rThei ent standard of excellencemust ,become A. A. PRESBREYt
wanted now will do as well, if notbet- popular with the people. I can't see Drayton Island.
ter, than the slips from the old bed. But where you have left any room for im- r
whether cut vines or slips be used, plant- provement." BOS Baund Quens.
ings in June and July will make cheaper Mr. L.. H Armstrong, of St. Nicholas, .
and better keeping tubers than plantings Duval county, writes under date of Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
made during the months of April and April 28th : "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND ing April, May or Jiini,, of my superior race
May, because they grow off at once, and FRUIT (&OiWER has far surpassed expec- of pure
require much less cultivation. We used stations. It sheds light on many obscure
to take pride in setting the earliest slips pages in the book of Florida's possibili- Italian
n, the l ,r e ,.,e ,earl in he .on.., ties in fruit. forage, live stock and in the B
development of her vast store of hidden
Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green
Land and Improvement Company,
writes under date of May 2d: "We
think THE FARMER AND FRIIT-GROWER
the best to be had for farmers in Flor-
ida. We always get new ideas from it."
The agent of Morgan's Bazaar, Starke
Bradford county, who is a news-dealer
and subscription agent, writes as fol-
lows : "THE FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
is the paper in an agricultural point of
view. I would not be without it, and
honestly advise all workers of the soil to
subscribe for it."
One of the prominent citizens of At-
lanta, Ga., writing to the publishers of
the F. F. &F.-G., says: "Your last ve-
ture, the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER, is a remarkable one for the
beauty of its mechanical execution and
the crisp, fresh and appropriate charac-
ter of its editorial and selected matter.
Professor Curtiss evidently knows how
to work, arid 'knowledge is power' only
when there is indomitable energy behind
it. But I need not preach to C. H. Jones
on this topic, as his pushing of the
Times-Union to success over or through
mountains of opposition and difficulties
insurmountable to a man of less daring
and persistent qualities, clearly proves."
Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouth,
Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: "I
think your paper the best agricultural
paper published in the South."
Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
follows: "I look upon your paper as
one of the most valuable additions to
our agricultural interests. It is ably
edited, practical, directs attention to
matters of primary importance in the
development of our various industries,
and carries with it a spirit of energy and
enterprise that must address itself to ev-
ery searcher after information."
Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county,
writes: "I believe your paper will do a
good work in disseminating new ideas in
regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
Mr. H. G.Daniels, of Amelia Island:
"Judging from what I have seen of the
d d I well worthy a careful perusal, and to be guava will be very much more appre- er
V ff fU ytfafd kept for ready reference by every fruit ciated in a few years than now. I have a
T t grower in Florida. Its style is attractive, seei them used in every way that I ever it
r. matter practical and quite full and ex- saw peaches used, except evaporated, p
CLEAN CULTURE OF GROVES. plicit upon the various topics treated, and some ladies in this place make de- a
LAKE MARY, Fla. lightful catsup of them. Besides, the tl
A me .Plea S rted -b*--- guava is the only fruit I ever saw canned b
Former Pea uppo e y Cold Storage. without some deterioration, but this fruit s<
Rotation of Authorities. Under this heading the San Francisco is improved by it, in the judgment of b
BY S. BIGELOW. Chronicle lives some valuable informa- most persons who have tried them.AtR
(Concluded.) tion touching the question of shipping I close this by saying, that theFAR o
I will now quote briefly from such of vegetables, fruit, etc., from California to MERh mAD "better-half" among all thvorite io
our Florida authors as I have by me, the East by cold storage: papers form "better-half" among all the in
showing a complete and perfect harmony According to recent New York mar- w. N. CHAUDOIN.
on this question, ket quotations Malaga grapes are retail- LAGRANGE, Fla., May 26. 1887. c
Dr. George W. Davis, on pages 15 and ing m that city for 40 to 75 cents a .is
16 of his Culture of the Orange, says: pound, and Catawbas for 15 cents, -fl
"The grove should be kept entirely free while pears are worth from 75 cents to SOME USEFUL PLANTS. re
from weeds and grass by the hoe, plow $2.50 a dozen. These fruits are of course I
or cultivator, and the soil about the trees from cold storage warehouses, which, A Native Tea, a Valuable Plum t
often raked over to prevent baking. while of recent introduction on this di Grae u
Our experience has taught us that coast, are by no means an unheard of and a Seedling Grape. u
the feeding roots should not be allowed thing at the East, having been utilized Editor Florida Farmer and rMuit-Grower: is
to approach the surface nearer than forseveral years past in the preservation Many of our native plants are consid- W
three or four inches, and to accomplish of butter, eggs, poultry, meats, fruits ered useless simply because their good r,
this end the soil should be stirred often and vegetables, qualities are not known. An example is
and kept mellow. The effects But the same market reports also con- found in what I call the tea bush. Some
of frequent stirring of the soil will be tain some facts which are full of mean- of the pioneers made use of it under the
noticed in cases of long drought. The ing to those who are now studying the name of sea myrtle. It grows to a
leaves will keep green and thrifty, while possibilities of the adoption of the cold height of eight or ten feet, blooms and k
on trees not cultivated they will turn storage system for the shipment of fresh produces seed. The seeds being light N
yellow and curl in the hot sun." vegetables from California to the East and downy are carried a considerable P
Rev. T. W. Moore, on page 39 of his while they are '-out of season" in that distance by the wind and come up in c
treatise, says: "The orange will live locality, and therefore bring high prices, places not subject to forest fires. iz
with almost no cultivation, but it will First on the list comes asparagus. That A half dozen plants will produce t;
only be a sickly existence. I know no vegetable taken from Charleston to New enough leaves to supply an ordinary s
plant, shrub or tree that will pay better York sells readily at that place for 70 family with tea the year round. I have a
for good cultivation; none that will re- cents to $1 a bunch. The same quality it growing on my place and I. seldom ti
spond so certainly to thorough cultiva- retails here for 5 or 10 cents. Cabbage fail to drink my two teacups of it at each 2
tion. The ground in the grove should from Florida sells for 10 to 20 cents a meal. I am fond of it and prefer it to sB
be kept level, the surface light. head. California farmers estimate that the imported green tea, to which there i
The more frequently it is stirred the bet- the cabbage crop will pay better than is some resemblance in flavor. So those o
ter. At no time should the oranges if 2 to 5 cents a head is realized, who relish it can have this tea without y
roots of grass and weeds be allowed to New potatoes from Bermuda sell for 75 paying import duties. The seeds come s
mat themselves on land growing the cents a half peck, equivalent to a little up well and the plant bears transplant- f
orange. In every instance over 11 cents a pound. Our potato ing. a
where the land has been kept thoroughly growers would be happy if they were as- There is a plum here, not th6 wild
cultivated the trees have doubled in size sured of no more than 2 cents a pound plum, nor the familiar old field plum, 1
and thrift those allowed to be left to the for their early crops, and often they are yet it has some resemblance to both, P
mercy of the weeds and grass." glad to accept no more than half that One of its important qualities is that it c
What can be more explicit? And this price. Onions from Bermuda are 25 never fails to bear fruit in abundance. p
is from men of large experience, well cents a quart, or about 15 cents a pound. The fruit varies in color from light green I
qualified to speak as by authority. I The market could be overwhelmed from or yellow, with red cheeks, to dark red, f
now come to our we'l known authoress, this State at one-quarter of that rate and ripens from the middle of May till a
partially hidden behind the nom de Green peas sell for 65 cents a half peck, the first or middle of August. In size
plume of "Helen Harcourt who, in her about 10 cents a pound, and cauliflow- the fruit varies from that of a common
writings upon subjects pertaining to ers are worth as much as $1 a head, while marble to that of the apricot. In flavor z
agriculture and home matters, furnishes here they may be had in any quantity for it varies from sweet to acid sweet.
a good confirmation of my long-cher- 5 to 10 cents. Celery isretailed for 25 to These plums make a jelly not to be sur- s
ished belief in the equality of the sexes, 30 cents a bunch as against 5 cents a passed, and good wine when fermented 0
and stimulates me anew in my deter- head here. In fact, there is not a single properly. The plums can be eaten with,
mined advocacy of "woman's rights," article in the vegetable line which does sugar and milk like strawberries. They r
which is one of those reforms so deeply not sell in the New York market for fill the bill for pies and tarts at our sum- a
rooted in eternal justice that no amount from four to twenty times as much as is mer picnics and supply-the family with a
of opposition, based on selfishness and asked for the same article here. preserves the year round. h
superstition, can stay its sure progress to It has already been demonstrated that I have had this plum in bearing on my t.
final triumph and joyful recognition in peas, treated by cold storage, can be place for a number of years and each a
the near future. On pages 65 and 66 of successfully transported from Southern summer they supply myself and my s
her Flor'da Fruits, How to Raise Them California and laid down. in Boston n neighbors by the basketful daily. They r
(first edition), she says: as good condition as when first picked, sell readily in our home market at 50 P
'The advocates of scant cultivation, There would seem, then, to be a large cents per peck or 10 cents er quart at 0
once a numerous body, are becoming and entirely unoccupied field open for retail. I have never shipped any. Their t
fewer and fewer as time proves that development in the direction of the cul- flesh is firm and becomes yellow a few a
there is no tree or plant that will respond tiva'ion and shipment of vegetables days after gathering. t
more generously than the orange to from California to various Eastern I have a grape on my place which I
thorough cultivation. 'Let the weeds and points during the winter months. There suppose originated from the seed of the e
grass grow and plow them under two or is hardly a portion of the State where little wild bunch grape, sometimes e
tAhree times during the season,' used. to the hardier vegetables will not thrive called the fox grape. It clme up beside
be the text preached to the novice and here without especial care during that a fence, grew unmolested r five or six t
practiced by the old system grower. portion of the year when the East is years, then bloomed and bore fruit of a
r*The ground throughout the grove completely 'snowed under, and a de- the size of large buckshot, in short, corn-
should be kept level, the surface stirred mand cou'be created in the larger pact bunches. The joints of this vine t
with sweep or cultivator every two Eastern markets which would consume are shorter than they are in other vines,. c
weeks t6a depth of no more than three at good prices everypound of asparagus, and a bunch of fruit is frequently borne w
inches tif* As a general rule cabbage, peas, cauliflower, etc., that can at each joint, so that the bunches touch 0
clean culture gives the best results where be produced here. each other. We make a first class jelly v
the ground is dry and rolling. When it **----- from these grapes, also preserves, pies
is low and damp, allowing it to grow, NOTES FROM INDIAN RIVER. and tarts for use with the plums on fes-
cutting it once or twice in the season, --tival days. The juice when fermented
and leaving it to decayon the surface, is Interesting Observations on ma k e is s vigorous grower aad e
The author then gives some very strike. t Orange, Guava, Etc. wherever the canes reach the ground
ing examples in support of these opin- Editor Florsda Farmer and Fruit-Grower: it takes root and produces a new vine. I 1
ions, which it would be well for every The regular arrival of your weekly give this grape no special attention more r
novice to read, as facts are what we affords us both pleasure and profit, and than to allow it the possession of the ,
want first, followed by carefully deduced reminds me of my promise to write, fence, which it completely covers like a i
conclusions. One great trouble with which has been thus long delayed be- hedge. It dies out b little; noth-
many writers is that they draw hasty cause of the imperative demands upon ing eats it, neither cows, horses or in-
conclusions from inadequate data, from my time by two offices, or vocations, sects. Altogether it is the hardiest and r
a few isolated facts which seem to and when I say one is that of editor you best bearing grape I have met with in
them- to be conclusive, but which may will be able to appreciate my excuse bet- Florida.
be the result of other causes than those ter than some others. MATT COLEMAN.
to which they are attributed, and thence Three or four parties in this vicinity LADY LAKE, Fla.
comes much confusion and difference of have engaged in cabbage raising for [We have received from Mr. Coleman
opinion, and even plain contradiction market, and with quite satisfactory re- some leaves of the wild tea he describes,
of well established principles of science, suits, I believe. I cannot give figures, and find that a decoction of them affords
I. regret that I have not a copy of except for one party. Dr. Wiley, of the a tea of very pleasant flavor. The shrub
Manville's treatise on the orange to quote firm of Jones, Wdey & Co., told me they is described in books under the name of t
from, as I regard him as one "worthy realized $900 from three and a half acres, groundsel tea. It is abundant along the t
and well qualified" to speak upon the This was in Indian River hammock, Atlantic and Gulf coasts, being for the (
subject, and have no doubt but, in his about five miles north of Titusville, and most part confined to brackish shores.
justly popular book, he agrees fully with a mile from Mims, on the J., T. & K. W. There is, however, a very similar species (
other authors. In fact, I have yet to Railroad, and before they were done which grows along fresh water streams, t
find the first instance, outside of a few shipping cabbage they had other crops and this is the one, probably, which Mr. s
writers in our Florida papers, where more or less advanced on the same Coleman finds. From dried leaves we (
any writer, either in bqok or paper, has ground. When other duties allow, I could not tell the two apart, but when
even raised the question, all assuming it will visit their place and learn further growing the differences in leaves, i
as a well established fact in all good of their productions, branches and flower heads are manifest.
husbandry and in every department of The returns tor oranges were more The genus to which thete shrubs belong
agriculture, that the more frequent and generally satisfactory than usual, I was dedicated to the God Bacchus, and
thorough the culture, the better the think. Those who delayed shipping till is represented in the United States by a
growth March, April and the first of May were score of species, mostly confined to the
Referring again to Spaulding's work-quite successful. Pine land groves in Southwest. Three gow in Florida,
on the orange, he says: "Were I given -this locality are appreciated more now namely, Baccharis halimifolia, B. glom-
my choice of cultivation without irriga- than formerly, as it is considered now a eruliflora and B. angustifolia. They have
tion or irrigation without cultivation, I settled fact that the fruit may remain essentially the same properties, but the
would unhesitatingly pin my faith to on the trees from one to two months second of the three is probably the most
cultivation." This, too, in sun-scorched after the hammock fruit has to be suitable for the purpose mentioned by
California, with no-rain for six or more shipped. I have a box or two on the Mr. Coleman. It is a weak, much
consecutive months. Again, he says: trees yet, and we sample them almost branched shrub, with thick leaves an
-1"Within a comparatively recent period every day, and with very few excep- inch or so in length, oval in form,
it has been determined that thorough tions they*are perfect in flavor and wedge-shaped at base and coarsely
cultivation will, in a great measure, re- almost of full weight. I wish you could toothed above. It does not flower be-
duce the necessity of applying water ar- sample them and bear testimony. I do fore the middle of November, and in
tificially."I not think I will ship any more fruit ear- early December it may be recognized by
Here, for the present, I rest my case, lier than the middle of March. the silky seed heads, which might be
hoping that no one will consider me In this connection I will remark that compared to camel's hair brushes. The
captious or personal, or take offense at Mrs. Chaudoin, who is fond of experi- shrub grows mostly in low thickets.-
Any plainness of speech on points where meriting, buried some oranges in the A. H. C.J
we differ. At some future time I shall ground under a tree, about the middle of --- o
4be glad, if it should seem best, to fortify February, and yesterday we examined a Melon.
my positions by more specific reference them, found most of them sound, and HOW to Tell a Ripe Melon.
to agricultural science, and carefully eat one that was as sweet and juicy as it Dr. E. Oemler, in his Truck
conducted experiments and practical ever was. Gardening for the South, says: An
observations in grove and garden, farm The crop of fruit this year is light in experienced -picker can recognize
and field, for we must not cut loose from this viciiity, especially in the ham- from its light and bright, but
science, ignore philosophy, belie nature mocks, and here again you may score not glistening appearance, when a
and trample upon her laws in our zeal to one for the pine land, as the late frost melon has reached a proper state to be
be practical and independent of "book we had that killed some of the young or cut from the vine for shipment, before
farming," so called, and in our fre- spring growth and all the outside young it is fully a "red" ripe, and he may do
quently foolish aversion to theories, fruit in the former, did not hurt either so without any other loss of time than to
Theories based upon facts are fre- in the latter, detach it from the vine and to place it
Squently the best pilots in our search for The young guava bushes, sprouts I on end for the carriers. Roads should
truth and more light. may say from roots of trees killed last be convenient, for it is impossible to in-
I would here commend to all the re- year, are full of fruit, and we will have duce the laborers to avoid treading on
vised, and enlarged edition, Florida' plenty for home use. And, Mr. Editor,, the vines, even when they do not cover
Fruits, How to Raise Them, as a work I am sanguine in the opinion that the the ground. The less experienced pick-
until we discovered that some of our
neighbors, who were not so smart,
made more and better potatoes by p'ant-
We consider the sweet potato crop as
possessing great undeveloped possibili-
ties. It is about the cheapest hog food
that can be produced in our climate, and
certainly one of the most healthful as
Well as convenient. An important se-
cret in sweet potato planting is to have
the ground well prepared beforehand,
and freshly plowed just before setting
out the slips or vines. If not convenient
toreverse the beds after a rain just be-
fore planting, the patch should be plowed
or at least hoed just as soon as practica-
ble. Plants set in a sodden, compact
soil do not flourish and grow off as
well as if set in a mellow, freshly plowed
In planting vines we have. found it to
pay to prepare the cuttings with some
degree of care, divide them into pieces
containing from three to five leave (ac-
cording to distance between leaves), and
inserting two or three joints only in the
ground. There will be fewer potatoes in
a hill, but they will be larger and
smoother than when much more of the
vine is inserted in the ground.-So. Cul-
tivator for June.
Canned anJ Evaporated Fruits.
The peach is the standard of excellence
among cained fruits. Everybody en-
quires for and purchase and consume the
peach, which cannot be said of any
other fruit. In sections where the peach
thrives well and the crop is reasonably
sure, it pays well to raise peaches for
shipment and for canning.
Apples are the most saleable and aver-
-age the best prices of any of the standard
fruits that are evaporated.
Evaporated fruits are worth from 25 to
100 per cent. more in the markets than
the sun-dried article. I
The peach is the most saleable of all
the varieties of canned fruits and the
Eastern canners pay the growers 1I to
2J cents per lb. for peaches.
Early cut hay is preferable for horses.
A. E. MCCLITRE, Architect.
R N. ELLIS, C. E.
STO THE TIME
S-UNION JOB ROOMS.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 15, 1887.
DEVOTED TO THE
desired number of leaves on each plant ciple involved is more or less applicable
with certainty and without counting., to the cultivation of wider rows and the
Young man, if you don't know how, plan may be modified or suspended ac-
get some old negro to show you. Top- cording to circumstances.-Southern
ping, you will find, is a slow business if Cultivator.
you have to count the leaves on all the -*+
plants topped. If the plants are not More Sugar Experiments.
"primed" then the "bott, m" leaf must The U. S. Commissioner of Agricul-
be fixed by the eye, looking upward for ture will during the summer, institute
the leaf in the third tier, which hangs experiment stations in the sugar relation
over it to catch the cue as before. If in New Jersey, Kansas and Louisiana.
priming is done don't err in pulling off The New Jersey experiments will be
too many leaves. No regular rule can directed to deciding the best plan for
be given, so the planter must judge foim manufacturing sugar profitably on a
himself. The reason given for waiting small scale. The Kansas experiments
until many plants are ready to be topped will be embraced in the testing of a Y,ew
is mainly that more plants may ripen to- process of cleaning and cutting sugar
gether and be ready for the knife at the cane and preparing it for diffusion. The
same time. This is an advantage that Louisiana experiments will be made on
applies with strong force to all tobacco the farm of ex-Governor Warmoth, and
intended for flue curing.I will consist of the test of a number of
The number of leaves to be left on novel devices and appliances in sugar
each plant varies according to the time cane culture.
the work is done, early or late, the ap- These experiments will be watched
pearance and prospective development with much interest and are destined to
of the plant, the season, whether propi- effect much valuable service in perfect-
tious or unfavorable strength of the soil ing the processes of sugar culture and
and amount of fertilizing material ap- manufacture. The Government has nev-
plied. On medium soils, in ordinary sea- er taken a more important step than this
sons the first topping should be from ten which must result in greatly stimulat-
to thirteen leaves-rarely more-for ing general agriculture
brights. For sweet fillers from nine to inggeneraagriculture.
ten, and for dark, rich shipping from W
eight to nine leaves are enough. As the To Tighten Wagon Tires.
season advances reduce the number of Should a wagon or buggy tire be-
leaves accordingly, remembering that come a little loose from'shrinkage of the
quality more than quantity regulates re- felloes, instead of taking the wheel to
turns, the shop to have the tire cut and replac-
---..-- ed, get half a gallon of linseed oil, and
The Cotton Seed Question. after heating it pretty well, pour the
The otton ee uetosn. ame in a shallow dish and give the rim
Cotton seed in the South seldom sells of the wheel two or three slow turns
for more than 10 cents a bushel, and as around through it; the oil penetrating
there are sixty-two bushels in a ton the felloes will so swell them that the
that is $6.20 a ton. No proof is needed tire will become as tight as ever.-Texas
that enormous quantities of cotton seed Stockman.
are sold yearly to the oil factories. When ---- __
one reflects that such quantities of oil 0Oinions of the Press
are made in these factories that the price p ons e ress.
of lard has been greatly reduced by this [From the Times-Democrat.]
oil, used extensively to adulterate lard "Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
and olive oil and for numerous purposes FRUIT GROWER, evidently struck the
And the oil companies are becoming gi- popular fancy when he established that
gantic monopolies with their capitals of journal. Its success is phenomenal, and
tens of millions of dollars, although only a few months old, has al-
The great value of cotton seed for feed- ready taken the lead in all matters per-
ing and fertilizing purpose has been es- training to Southern horticulture."
tablished by both farmers and chemists, [From the Texas Farmer.]
and nobody disputes their figures Cot- ,, [ t Fre
ton seed is very valuable for cattle when Florida is not behind her sister South-
used only a few quarts daily with coarse ern States in material progress. It
grasses and rough forage such as cattle ought to be called the land of fruits and
in the South generally get in the winter, flowers, for each of these grand divis-
It causes a better assimilation of all the ions of horticulture are equally at home
food and a more complete digestion. there. The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
The real value of cotton seed to a farmer GROWER is an ably conducted and ele-
who will use it prudently with other cat- gantly printed paper devoted to these
tle food is not less than $25 a ton. It very topics, to which we refer the reader
may be worth' more if boiled and the for further information."
seed and waterthey are boiled in mixed [From the Southern Cultivator.]
with a little wheat bran. "The Success of the FLORIDA FAR-
The water they are boiled in should MER "AND FRUIT-GROWER, of Jackson-
be use( sinceit may contain some vir- ville, surpasses that of any similar
tues taken from the boiled seed. And publication in America. The publishers
it ca e well established that a ton of seem to be over-liberal in giving the
cotto seed applied to an acre of corn on mechanical part every attraction possi-
land so poor as not to produce more ble, while Editor Curtiss is-doing the.
than ten bushels to the acre may add 65 best work of his life. It is a combina-
bushels^* to the crop, and give 75 tion that cannot fail of abundant success.
bushels to the acre instead of ten. This The Cultivator is never sorry to see such
then would make a ton of cotton seed enterprise rewarded, as we have no
worth at least $25 as a fertilizer. Then rivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
why sell cotton seed at $6.20 a ton to cess."
millionaire oil companies instead of [From the Gardeners' Monthly]
keeping it on the farm to feed stock and h
make manure and make better crops? "We are continually receiving new
When the seed is fed to stock the ma- agricultural ventures, but useful as they
nure of the stock is increased in value to are in their own special fields, we rarely
more than double the value paid by the find in them anything of special interest
oil men for the seed. Oil companies be- to the intelligent class of horticulturists
come immensely rich in purchasing cot- for which the Gardeners' Monthly has to
ton seed and making oil and cotton seed cater. We were, therefore, agreeably
meal-this seed can be turned to even surprised on reading among the batch
better account fed to stock, and for feed- of exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this
ing and ,fertilizing purposes, enriching to find it of a very high order of intelli-
farms and farmers instead of oil com- gence, and one which must have an ex-
panies. -Picayune. cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
,. + ests."
Fetter Implements Needed. [From the So. Live Stock Journal.]
e, e r p emen s ee "We regret that the first number [of
The implements used in the South in the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER] failed
cultivating the crops are generally defec- to reach us; but the second shows a very
tive in the respect that they are too handsome sheetas to paper, typography
small-they do not get over the crop fast and general make up, whi!e the addi-
enough. A light running 12 to 18 inch tional department is all we expected of
sweep does not fully tax the capacity of the distinguished editor. Many of our
a stout mule, to say nothing of the small- readers are interested directly and sec-
er shovel and scooter, still so much used. ondarily in everything connected with
The Southern farmer does not fully ap- Florida, and we cordially commend this
preciate the advantages of wide spread- new and excellent periodical as worthy
ing cultivators and harrows, of their patronage. With best wishes
Among the number of expanding ad- for its success, we welcome this new as-
justable cultivators on wheels or other- pirant for public favor and patronage,
wise that are so generally used in the feeling assured of the good work it will
North and West, we ought to be able to accomplish in and out of Florida."
find o.ne that will answer our purpose
better than the sweep and heel scrape. +: ,Tj s
A cotton middle should be cleaned out
ad stirrect from row to row at one ET EON
through trip-a corn row at not more
than two. There is certainly an un-,a,
expedient-not less than. once in every pine land. Compared with the strain
+ ten days or two weeks, placed upon it by growing one hundred
The layer of soft mellow soil that is bushels of corn to the acre, the difference
^ left behind the cultivating implement between the theoretical strength and
A STATE FAVORED BY NATURE. acts very decidedly as a mulching to the the actual results is the product of igno-
Slayer below, in which the roots are pen- rance and slovenly labor.
A Phpl h S d f h etrating in every direction. Such a layer If we thought our articles would be
Philosophical Study 0of the of loose soil is a poor conductor of heat read by those who are satisfied with
Effects of Environment. and therefore protects the roots of the producing fifteen to twenty-five bushels
BY J. G. KNAPP. crop from the too fervid and scorching of corn per acre, we would be a little
rays of the sun; and the interstices are more careful in our comments. We con-
Buckle, in his history of civilization, not fine and close enough to act as capil- sider it a sin t6 awaken a Rip Van Win-
assumes that climate, soil, food and the varies in bringing up the moisture from kle, but those who are awake must have
aspects of nature are the primal causes the soil about the roots to be evaporated their needs supplied.
of intellectual progress; the first three and lost, as would be the case if the In due time we will minutely describe
indirectly, through determining the ac- crust were permitted to remain undis- the benefits of humus in soil, how it is
cumulation and distribution of wealth, turbed. It should be the aim, therefore, formed and how wasted, and its rela-
and the last by directly influencing the to go over a crop as rapidly as possible tion to the productive capacity of the
accumulation and distribution of after a good season of rain and to keep soil.
thought, the imagination being stimu- the surface as constantly as possible in --
lated and the understanding subdued this loose, open condition. COW Peas in Georgia.
when the phenomena of the external __ .__
world are sublime and terrible, but the A Georgia correspondent of the Coun-
understanding being emboldened and SCIENCE AND AGRICULTURE. try Gentleman writes to that journal as
imagination curbed when these phenom- --- follows:
ena are small and feeble. Why Theory and Practice Often Having had an experience of fifty
If these conditions are true, then Flor- years with cow peas, I can safely say
ida is unusually blessed by nature. It Seem to Disagree. thatfor cows, hogs and horses, we have
lies at the southern extreme of the north BY D. R. GREEN. nothing that is superior, all things con-
temperate zone, with a temperature- The demonstrations of science in re- sidered. As a fertilizer they are equal
varying min its different parts and seasons gard to agriculture are like the great to clover; many think them superior. It
from 24 degrees to 98 degrees, with an truths o0 the Bible, capable of all sorts is truly surprising how few of our peo-
average for the entire State of 70 degrees, of perversions. The greatest infidel can ple pay any attention to them, when they
The atmospheric pressure, or in the lan- find support for his blighting theories in can be made so very valuable.
guage of the Signal Service, the isobars many parts of it, and likewise any hobby We have a variety of peas in this
of Florida are higher than those of any rider in agriculture can easily find in State, which I think will prove far more
other region of North America, and have scientific truths a nag that he can ride valuable than any I have ever heard of. I
been exceeded only by those of the Sar- to his own and its destruction. bave heard of them in Greene and Han-
gasso Sea; thus giving the most health- A scientific experimenter proves that cock counties for three or four years, but
ful pressure upon the systems of men plants can derive all of their carbon last fall saw a field which surprised me
and animals in this State. from the air, and away goes a rider on very much. They are called "The Un-
Lying between the Atlantic Ocean and the hobby "carbonaceous matter is use- known Peas." They make a very great
the Gulf, and fanned by the oceanic less in the soil." Another proves that growth of vines, and at the same time I
breezes, it possesses unusual salubrity, cow pea vines and roots contain a cer- am sure that the field I saw made ten
and is now acknowledged to b e the most tain amount of. fertilizing material or times as many peas as the Whippoorwill
healthful portion of the American Con- plant food, and away goes another on or Clay peas which were growing side
tinent. The soil of all portions of the the hobby of enriching a practically bar- by side with them. Another good
State not covered by water, is by nature ren soil by growing cow peas and plow- quality of this variety is that it does not
or may be rendered the most productive, ing them under. And so it goes all run upon -the corn, but keeps on the
and, by reason of 'its warm climate, through the list of !scientific discoveries, ground like potato vines.
almost a continuous summer; can be The average relation between theory One gentleman who has raised them
made to produce a greater variety of and practice in agricultural engineering in Greene county, Georgia, for three
food for the use of the human family, is shown by reciting a parallel case in years, told me he was confident that he
thus adding to a salubrious character mechanical engineering. A certain made twenty bushels of peas per acre on
of the climate an abundance of the structure is being erected and at a cer- same land on which his corn grew, and
most nutritious food to build up the tain point the stability of the entire that the land was thin upland, making
human body and mind to the highest structure depends on the tensile strength only ten bushels of corn per acre. His
state of excellence. of one piece of iron. The engineer in plan of planting them is to put his corn
Florida rejoices in the production of charge takes a piece of the iron that is rows seven feet wide, and then about
trees, flowers, singing and beautiful to be used and places it in a testing ma- June 15 to 25 plant a row of peas in mid-
birds of the most pleasing character to chine. He finds it breaks with a strain dle of his corn rows, dropping five or six
the eye; its fruits and vegetables eculiar of 40,000 pounds per square inch of seo- peas every two and a half or three feet.
to its temperate zone, gratify the taste tion. Then referring to notes taken by The vines cover the ground and keep it
and please the faculties of smell, sight him, or others, he obtains a factor of moist, thereby benefiting the corn, in
and hearing. The rolling lands of the safety or working limit, which is gen- place of injuring it. Many of the far-
middle counties, Alachua, Sumter, Ma- rally one-half to one-fourth of the in. mers there told me of planting them as
rion, Hernando, Hillsborough and Polk, dicated strength. With these data he late as July 15, last year, and making
are sufficiently rolling to give an idea of calculates the size of the given piece and fifteen or eighteen bushels per acre. I
bills and dales, rapid streams and gush- makes a drawing of the dimensions and saw vines which had been twenty-five
ing springs, and, generally speaking, the form. But he may not be a practical or thirty feet long, and am confident
entire surface is just undulating enough hand at the forge or other duties may in- that a hand could pick ten bushels per
to give perfect drainage and please the terfere. So he turns the all-important day in them. I have never seen the
eye with its undulations, and even the work of forging over to an incompetent equal of them, and I have had all sorts
sublime effects of nature may be felt or careless workman who overheats and of peas for fifty years. I purchased six
when gazing into the crystal depths of burns the strength all out of the iron. bushels for seed, and this year I hope to
its springs, from which navigable rivers But this part is not discovered, and the make a good crop of them.
burst. Tie orange flourishes throughout piece goes into the structure and breaks I have seen my 'wife's father-who
one-half its extent as in no other region down before it has stood one fourth of lived fifteen miles above Augusta, Ga.-
of the world, and other fruits, unknown its calculated strain. Is the testing ma- have the vines of common peas cut Oc-
elsewhere min the United States, flourish chine at fault? Is the mathematical tober 1, put them in rail pens' two or
and drop into the storehou e of the in- calculation atfault? Is the iron at fault? three feet deep, then put rails across, to
dustrious people. The food of the people Another man who is acquainted by give them air, and fill again to same
is' the same as that of the balance of the experience with the quality of the iron depth, and continue until the pen was
United States. Beef and mutton, milk and its size and shape as required in this twelve or fifteen feet high, then cover
and its products, fowls and eggs, corn special case, and who is, above all, a over with boards to keep them dry. This
and rice, pork and lard, vegetables and practical and careful man at the forge, was most valuable food for mules and
fruit, wheat and starch-producing roots, knowing nothing about tensile strength cattle during winter, and if the vines
form the food of the inhabitants. In no or formulas, may get the piece a little had been cut up after dying, then put
clime or country are the skies clearer or heavier than is necessary, but it stands salt and water on to soften them, and
the days brighter; the cool nights give the strain, and he derides engineering bran or meal sprinkled over, it would
refreshing sleep, the hills and dales, calculations have proved far superior for horses and
rivers and streams, meadows and fields, This is a fac simile of the average con- mules to our common way of feeding
gardens and trees, pastures and meadows, nection between the conscientious, hard- corn min ear, as much of the corn thus fed
are forever green, and everything seems working director of an experiment sta- passes undigested, and not any benefit
fashioned to gratify and please, to elate tion and the results obtained. One of is derived from it. For ensilage, I am
and improve the human intellect, the main points to be decided by experi- sure that the "Unknown Peas" would
Florida is just sufficiently removed meant is the factor of safety or working be highly beneficial, making such an im-
from the regions of the swamps and limit, and also giving the exact condi+ mense amount of vine.
malarias of the great rivers of South tions under which it is obtained. I sent Mr. Waldo F. Brown, of Butler
America and India; the heat and mois- Sir J. B. Lawes and American chem- county, Ohio, a half pint for trial in his
ture that beget malarial diseases and in- lists have shown by analysis that a ton county, and feel confident he will give a
ertness m these hot regions, where food of cotton seed meal contains 140 pounds favorable report after trial. I have no
of a low grade of nutritiousness and of nitrogen, 40 pounds potash and 60< "axe to grind" in speaking of them. The
almost total want of covering to protect pounds phosphoric acid, the balance price of them is only the same as comr-
from the inclemency of the weather, carbon to form humus. But do they mon peas, and I think that all who will
degrade and debilitate the human miud; know that a ton of that meal scattered try them will be pleased with them.
so, too, it is exempt from the scorching on the surface of a dry, loose sand and A field of poor land near me which
heats by day, the aid atmosphere and c"plowed" in to the depth of two or three had a poor crop of peas turned under
chilltig night air of Northern Africa, inches, will waste every atom of that late last fall, and then sown in wheat,
Arabia and Persia, which have so largely nitrogen and carbon just as surely as if promises to make far better wheat than
influenced the character of the wander- it had been thrown into a furnace? And any other of equal strength I have seen
ing Arab and Bedbuin, rendering them what is true of cotton seed meal is this year.
the fear and dread of whosoever shall equally true of all composts. Such *
fall into their hands. In climatic condi- methods of cultivation will reduce all Priming and Topping Tobacco.
tions, in food, in the aspects of nature, fertilizers to the actual value of their *
in salubrity, it is more than the rival of mineral parts only, and in the case of Concerning these details of tobacco cul-
those regions to which the world owes cotton seed meal onl 40 ands of turea Virginia farmer writes to the N.
4...0. o udO Dof p o a h t... .. ..i f r e r w it s to t e .
is great thoughts ana progress in civil- n ouns o nsnori aci r t C. Farmer as follows:
i-in n ema aeyasm anda0pud fpopoi cdar et .Fre sflos:
nation, and we my safely assume that a... Something is radally wrong a the Under this head there is a wide differ-
the day is not far distant when Florida practical work w hen Prof. F. E. Sulley ence of opinion. Breaking off the small
hanld e apprecied a, f ts rue vale, aldeclares that more profit can be had and iferiorleaves of the plant near the
d rhall e equal, i no superior t from non-feeding or stimulating of land ground is called "priming" which opera-
the other States, in all those things that than from high feeding and culture. tion is done along with the "topping" if
produce the greatest intellects of modern The fact is that lands here that produce done at all. There are advantages for
civilization.p every year from fifteen to twenty-five and against priming, but all resort to
LIMONA, FlIa. bushels of corn per acre can by a course topping-plucking out the seed bud and
**$* of culture described by W. P. Hornet, in adjacent small leaves with the thumb
The Philosophy of Cultivation. No. 10 of the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROW- and finger. Some contend that pulling
S- ER, be made to produce twice or three off the lower leaves saps the plants and
The June number of the Southern Cul- times that amount, and this, too, by a retards the growth, if the weather is dry.
tivator contains an able article on culti- very small outlay. But this can never That permitting the lower leaves to re-
vating land, from which we make the be obtained by rooting in the soil with a main on the stalk protects the upper
following extracts:. plow that only turns two or three inches ones from sand and grit, makes them
The unthinking laborer conceives that deep. cleaner and therefore more saleable. Sand
the chief end of plowing ana hoeing is to The looser and dryer the soil the deep- and grit are the terror of the tobacco
prevent the weeds from choking the er it should be plowed, up to eight inches buyer. On the other hand, it is contend-
crop. To such a man (perhaps there are at least. The person who plows less ed by some that by pulling off the lower
many such) the grass and weeds are a than five inches deep, is a clog and ob- leaves, which are.generally useless, the
blessing nm disguise-compelling him to struction to the advancement of the ag- remaining leaves receive more nutriment
give the cultivation which would be ricultural interests of the State and contain more wax, oil and gum,
needed, even in the absence of such a Dr. Kost, State Geologist, gives a pre- and that the lower leaves harbor worms
blessing. sumably correct analysis of the mineral and make the worming process more
Deep plowing of growing crops is now fertility of the average first quality pine tedious.
not min order, excepting, of course, late- land of the State. From it we derive It is best to wait until a considerable
planted fields not before well plowed. the following table, calculating one number of plants begin to button for seed
We want to induce a moderately rapid cubic foot of pine land to weigh eighty before commencing to top. Topping
and healthful growth of the stalks of pound. s: should be the work of experienced and
corn and cotton-the making of weed, as trusty hands-men who can top, leaving
it is called in the case of cotton. There- Pine land Stalks, any required number of leaves on a plant
fore, the roots of the plants should not ineral feunt in oef aort in loo -n 8,000 lbs. without counting. The secret of this--
izer.fo.. .in. ne.. ot... 10...~ ... ..'to10b
be torn and broken more than is abso- most plants. depth con- 6,000 lbs. to 1orbu. no longer a secret to the initiated-is that
lately necessary. The upperinch or two tains in lbs. the topper soon learns to know that ]
of the soil should be kept open and loose. Potash............... 34,848S 20 130 counting the bottom leaf that hangs over r
;.. Lime ........ 139 392 ......... t
The crust which forms after a rain pre-, soda .............. 1 39,4 :4..4i:"............... ..... it in the third tier going upward, makes 1
vents the easy access of the air above- Magnesia.......... 17,424 .............................. nine leaves, including both top and bot- I
laden with plant food in the form of Phospho'eacid. 6,970 33 30 tom leaves. Fixing this in his mind the r
carbonic acti and nitrogen-and should Sulphuric acid. 7,424 ........ ... ............... topper has only to add or deduct from i
be broken as often as should be found I This is the theoretical strength of the this index leaf marking nine to leave any
necessary consumption of time and travel
when from seven to nine furrows are
given to each three-foot cotton row, in
the course of the season as is usually
done, employing the time of an able-
bodied hand*nd mule.
Several years ago, while watching the
plowing of a field of cotton with 24-inch
sweeps-two furrows to the middle-we
were struck with the fact that in making
the return or second furrow the big
sweep was doing substantially littlemore
original work than might have been done
by a three inch garden hoe. The great-
er part of the cutting edge of the sweep
was lapping over and passing along the
furrow run just a few moments before.
To remedy this on the spot we directed
the plowman to side "by the row," and
skip.every other row, i. e., side both sides
of every other row. The result was a
gain of just one-half the time, and do-
ing the work-so far as merely stirring
the soil was concerned -almost as per-
fectly as if two furrows had been run in
This saving of time made it possible to
stir the soil-practically the entire sur-
face-twice as often as before, with pre-
cisely the same labor. Of course at the
next plowing the rows not sided before
received the special attention, the others
being left. We were so pleased with the
plan that it was adopted as a permanent
resort, especially when it was desirable
to go over the crop very rapidly, as im-
mediately after a heavy rain. The prin-
specialties of those branches.
All portions of the State will receive a due
amount of attention, and their interests will be
represented by able correspondents.
Under no circumstances will thisjournal be-
come the "organ" of any association or locality.
It will start out untrammelled and will repre-
sent all sections and interests with absolute im-
Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week.
PRICE OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Year ... $2 00
Six Months.............................. 1 00
Three M onths................................................ 50
SPECIMEN COPIES FREE.
Address subscriptions and other business comn
C. H. JONES & BRO.,
Communications for the editorial department
should be addressed to
A. H. CURTISS, Editor
will be contributed to by persons who have made
this s what killed your poor father. Shun it.
A-void anything contaiinng it throughout your
uture useful (?) careers. We older heads object
o its special'ROUGH'NESs.'
IinM'T Cfn i away time and #.*
o ITtrUUL money in futile s .
ffortwith insect powder, borax or.. "
what not, used at random all overoF.
-he housewto eterid of BE E E T]
Roaches,oWa er-bugghs, rl [
For two or three nights sprinkle/B U
:ROUGH ON RATS" dry powder, in, y
bout and down the sink, drain J
ipe. First thing in the morning
wash it all away down the sink, drain pipe, when
ill the insects from garret to cellar wll disap-
Dear. The secret is in the fact that wherever in-
,ects are in the house, they must D A AA f
rink during the night. ROACHEO
Clears out Rats, Mice, Bed-bugs, Flies, Beetles.
"ROUGH ON RATS" is sold all around the world,
in every clime, is the mostextensively advertised
md has the largest sale of any article of its kind
on the face of the globe.
DESTROYS POTATO BUGS-
For Potato Bugs, Insects on Vines, etc., a tablo
spoonful of the powder,, well shaken, in a keg of
water, and applied with sprinkling pot, spray
syringe, or whisk broom. Keep it wellstirred up.
15c., 25c. and $1 Boxes. Agr. size.
"ROUCHgoNR- -CLEARS OUT-
Roaches, ants, water-bugs, moths, rats, mice
Sparrows, jack rabbits, squirrels, gophers. 15c.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 15, 1887
HOUSEHOLD EGOI OiY
This journal will have for its leading.object
the promotion of rural industries in Florida, and
will advocate especially a more diversified and
intensive system of agriculture and greater
economy of home resources.
Assuming that the agricultural adaptations of
a large portion of Florida are as yet but imper-
fectly understood, a special aim of this journal
will be to describe the best results which have
been accomplished, with the exact methods em-
ployed, and all influences affecting such results;
also to suggest experiment, describe new or little
known crops, fruits, etc., and record the progress
of agriculture in neighboring States.
Commencing with the first number and con-
tinuing through the season for
There will be a series of articles on fruits-other
than tho e of tho citrus group-which ,have
proved most successful in this State. Each va-
riety will be described and
And there will be notes from persons who have
had experience in its cultivation. This will be
followed by a similar series on
And other subjects will be illustrated to a limited d
Much attention will be devoted to
And to the home production of forage and fertili-
zers, two economies which are essential to suc-
Questions relative to ailments of domestic
animals will be answered by an able veterinary
surgeon who formerly edited a like department
Turf, Field and Farm
A due amount of space, will be devoted to
household economy and to reports of the mar-
kets, and the departments of
teen inches long on which were sixteen
fruit. The peach was described as a
freestone of good flavor, but it was not
mature and we could not judge of its
quality, though we believe the red
cheek always indicates a fine flavor.
Since the above was written we have
In this connection, we are reminded
of a recent feat in hybridizing, said to
have been accomplished by Dr. A.
Schaffranek, who resides near Palatka.
It is a cross between the potato and to-
mato. This must be quite a curiosity,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 15, 1887.
The Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower,
A. ff. CURTISS, EMitor.
SC. H. JoNzs & BROTHER. PUBLISHERS.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.
but from a utilitarian point of view it
may be expected to spoil two good
plants. However, if Dr. Schaffranek
can offer to the world a plant which
will bear tomatoes above ground and
potatoes below, his fame is assured.
J. R., of Tampa, wishes us to publish
a recipe for making wine from oranges
and from grape fruit. We think such
recipes have appeared in previous issues,
but shall be glad to hear from others
who have succeeded in making really
good wine from the citrus fruits. A
friend of ours has promised us her
method with sour oranges, from which
she makes excellent wine. If good wine
can be made from sweet oranges we
have yet to receive proof of it, but there
is no question about the excellence of
sour orange wine. The juice must be
expressed carefully, so as to avoid the
bitter principle of the rind and seeds.
IMPROVEMENT IN PEACHES.
The second period of the fruit year
has now arrived, that of the deciduous
leaved varieties. -From the beginning
of spring till the end of autumn a con-
stant succession of peaches,/ plums,
grapes, pears, persimmons, etc., claim
the critical attention of the professional
and amateur fruit-grower. Pomology is
a most interesting study, more so than
most of the ologies, in that it appeals to
the sense of taste, which is not the case
with entomology or geology, much less
so with philology or psychology. The
editor of the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROW-
ER while excelling few as a pomologist,
is excelled by few as a fruit taster. It
is manifestly impossible, however, to
judge of the comparative merits of va-
rieties submitted under unlike condi-
tions. Especially is this the case with
peaches. We have received several spec-
imens of seedling peaches by mail, all
in a more or less decayed condition, and
therefore we hardly dare offer an opin-
ion of their merits.
Of the numerous improved seedlings
of the Chinese peaches which are being
produced in various parts of the State,
we have not had an opportunity of prop-
erly testing any except Bidwell's Early
and Minnich's Maggie. We perceive no
material difference between these and
presume that a score of peach growers
could show equally good fruit. Those
who have originated superior varieties
and are prepared to supply the public
with the same are, public benefactor ,
and we are willing to assist in extendifig
their fame. Bidwell's Early, which is
under charge of Mr James Mott, of Or-
lando, and the Maggie, which belongs to
Mr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, are both
delicious peaches of medium size and
symmetrical form, most resembling the
Honey in appearance, yet believed to'be
seedlings of the Peen-to.
Having in mind, as a standard of com-
parison, the glorious peaches we used to
raise in Virginia, we have inclined, until
recently, to regard Florida peaches with
some degree of contempt. These new
seedlings, however, have revived our
interest in this fruit, and we doubt not
that still better varieties will be offered
to the public from year to year by our
.skillful and energetic nurserymen. Pa-
tient propagation from seedecarefully se-
lected, will bring the pecuniary reward
which all discoverers deserve.
Others besides nurseymen may origi-
nate new varieties, but they are not so
likely to be brought to public notice.
Our erudite and versatile contributor,
Dr. J. C. Neal, of Archer, writes that he
has a superior "full-cling Peen-to seed-
ling," which he names the Daisy. Rev.
James P. DePass, of the same neigh-
borhood, has a seedling of which he
writes, "The tree is unlike both Peen-to
and Honey. The peach ripens as early
as the earliest Peeu-to." Of the charac-
teristics of these we cannot speak from
In Baker county, at Olustee and Glen
St. Mary, we have seen a score of varie-
ties which are cultivated in Georgia,
thriving much as they do. there. Where-
ever there is clay subsoil within two feet
of the surface, such peaches may be
grown satisfactorily for home use, but
in the region of deep sand the improved
seedlings of Peen-to and Honey are the
only varieties that promise general satis-
The handsomest peach we have seen
in Florida, the most prolific and doubt-
less the best for home consumption, is
Hornet's Hybrid Honey. When we were
at Wm. P. Horne's-near Glen St.
Mary-in June of last year, his orchard
of this variety presented a most beauti-
ful spectacle. The branches were loaded
to their utmost with fruit of a deep car-
received a specimen of Dr. Neal's Daisy,
and we must say that it has raised our
estimation of the Florida native born
peach a degree higher. Astosize, form,
color and eating qualities, it has all the
good qualities to be looked for in a
peach. Its coloration, deep carmine on
golden yellow, could not be surpassed,
and its large size is a great recommenda-
tion. A letter from Dr. Neal, which ac-
companied the specimen, will be found
on the first page.
THE CALIFORNIA ORANGE.
Lest the reader suspect from the above
caption that we are about to clear our
decks and join in the Navel warfare that
is raging at the present time, we hasten
to say that we have resigned this mnio-
mentous conflict entirely to an esteemed
contemporary. We have faith to believe
that he will see the thing through, if it
takes all summer-if he has to devote to
it.every column of every page of every
issue from now till the dog days. As a
prolific bearer, the Navel orange is a
failure, but as a prolific subject of didm
cussion it is a decided success.
We started out merely to say a few
words about a bit of tissue paper which
was handed us recently by General Se-
bring. It is a California orange wrap,
and bears the following inscription
printed within a square border:
"Riverside oranges and lemons were
awarded three gold and six silver med-
als at New Orleans against the world.
Packed by Griffin & Skelley, wholesale
packers and shippers of California or-
anges lemons, raisins and dried fruits,
Riverside, Cal." In addition to these
are the words, "trade-mark," and repre-
sentations of both sides of a medal, on
one face of which we read, "Awarded
by the World's Industrial and Cotton
"For'ways that are dark and tricks
that are vain, the heathen Chinee" will
have to give up the belt to his white
neighbors, and for brazen effrontery and
massiveness of "cheek" we concede
that California is ninety nine points
ahead of Florida. Let California be-
ware, for the day of reckoning ap-
proaches. "Truth, crushed to earth,
will rise again." In that respect truth
differs from an orange, but the florida
orange is very far from being ci shed,
and the Californians cannot c, sh it,
though they use a million\ re as of
printed tissue paper a year. a know
how to print tissue paper on th K side of
the continent, and we have story
to print on it better worth the printing.
Next winter the Californians will have
the pleasure of reading on the wrapper
of each Florida orange words to the fol-
lowing effect: "Florida oranges. Award-
ed the sweepstakes premium and 2",910
points over all competitors, at the
World's Industrial and Cotton Centen-
nial Exposition, New Orleans, 1884-5."
Through the jealousy that exists be-
tween Southern and Middle California,
and the recriminations indulged in by
the press uf the two sections, we are en-
abled to gain an occasional glimpse
behind the scenes. We think the
California papers ought to be-
more on their guard, that they ought
more studiously to guard the truth from
public inspection.. Here, for example,
are some unguarded statements made by
the Sacramento Record-Union concern-
ing a frost they had last month:
"The damage from the frosts that have
occurred the present week is very heavy.
It has been quite general in many parts
of Central and Northern California, and
will fall with extreme severity upon
many fruit growers. It is estimated
that the reduction in yield will be 200
car-loads of grapes alone, in the Sacra-
mento and American river districts. The
dispatches furnish a very distressin,
view of the injury done. In some cases,
where fruit growers have been depend-
ing upon the approaching fruit c('rop to
carry them past financial trouble, and
especially if their outlook was in grapes,
the injury by the frost will be their ruin.
How far this may be overcome from an
unexpected crop from second growth, of
course, cannot now be forecast, but those
best capable of judging doeot anticipate
much relief from that source."
The Riverside Press and Horticultur-
ist, commenting on the above, lets out
some facts which it tried to conceal dur-
ing the winter. It says:
"During the late winter the up coun-
try papers were pleased to publish and
republish and exaggerate the damage
done by frost in Riverside. Especially
was this the case with the Sacramento
Bee. The Bee was sorry to hear of such
wide-spread damage in Riverside, but
then, they had a country up at Sacra-
mento that was free from damaging
frosts, etc. And now they have a dose
of it themselves, and if it damaged only
the papers that rejoiced over the River-
side frost, very little sympathy would be
extended from this end of the State."
We are under obligation to Kazio
Tamari for specimens of dried kaki or
Japan persimmon They form oval flat
cakes, with stem and a bit of branch at-
tached for convenience of handling.
Having gathered mold during the sea
voyage we could not well judge of their
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page 48 column Illustra-
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REAL AND IDEAL FLORIDA. suits, upon the express stipulation that every man knows the truth which I
--- they should not affect the title of either write, to-wit: that exaggeration, false-
Persons who live in glass houses party. This Lillis consented to do, pro- hood, all sorts of misrepresentation, have
should not be the first to throw stones, vided he were paid $3,000 for each irri- been the burden of the -invitations by
gating ditch taken out of the river. which Florida speculators, land compa..
but if others commence the attack, let That is to say, demanded $30,000 orwihchnlr a aseculatorvs lagdcompr
~" co ay, ne d m an ed tirO.W or nies and railw ays have sought to bring
the stones fly back thick and fast. Flor- $40,000 for the use of water which he emigrants here, and that a vast majority
ida and California both have built up a could not use himself, and to which he of the emigrants who have come write
fictitious reputation for themselves, and lhad no further claim than the riparian home the truth and magnify the decep-
ficitousreutaio fr temelvsan right to see it flow by his premises. tion which has been practiced on them.
on account of their mutual jealousy and If we ad mit t hat the SupremeCourt Honesty is the best policy.m
rivalry, each is excessively conscious of has settled the law of the case, and that There are some Floridians who think
the other's weak poin's, and they are en- Lillis' riparian claim is a good one, the the pleasure travel unimportant to the
gaged in the unamiable contest of seeing demand for money made by him under prosperity of the State. They are in er-,
which can break the onst gaf for s the h circumstances mentioned can hardly ror. Stop the travel one winter, let an
which can break the most glass for the be considered as anything else than epidemic or. any other' event deter
other. For either of these great States blackmail. There are sixty riparian pro- northerners from coming here in any
to attempt to deceive the world for more prietors on Kings river, but Mr. Lillis is season and the State would learn that
than a few years, might appear as fool- the onl y one who refers to the river as this annual distribution ofcashis for the
than as few yearsight a ppear iasfool- "my personal property." The farmers present the essential basis of the year's
ish as for the ostrich to seek to hide itself refused to pay tribute to him, and are prosperity.
by finding cover for its head. But it now holding possession of the water by It will not be increased by any more
should be remembered that all this is a show of armed force. This situation of the old sort of misrepresentation. It
done in the present interest of real es- will probably last till the end of July, will be increased by making the State,as
done n th preset i t f ra e- after which the farmers will have no it can well be made, a charming winter
tate. "Sufficient unto the day isthe evil further use for the water. Next year it residence; by adding beauty to the vit-
thereof." The present purpose and ready will be renewed unless the Supreme lages and cities, by having at least a doz-
dollar are too much exalted for theulti- Courtin the meantime reviews the repa- en "arbor days" in the year, by making
mate good of either State. rian decision and reverses itself, those beauties which the State possesses
h g- I-accessible. It is a common error to sup-
When the public comes to know that it A FRIENDLY REBUKE, pose that the way to increase the value
has been deliberately deceived, it will of travel is to increase the number of
resent the deception. If Florida's and travelers; whereas, for the purpose of a
California's advertisers have been ua- By One who Considers Honesty locality, every traveler who is led to stay
scrupulous in their methods of budding the Best Policy. a day longer than he would have stayed
scrupulous in their methods of building is the equivalent of a new traveler for
up a reputation for their respective Following is the greater portion of the that day.
States, they will be equally unscrupulous letter from W." in the Journalof Co- Again Isay Florida has vast opportu-
merce, to which we make allusion'else- nities, ample wealth to be developed,
in tearing down each other's reputation. where: room for millions of settlers and happy
Rivals need to be more circumspect than I have before me a collection of litera- homes for them. But the way to bring
these have been, and not lay themselves ture which I have made during the win- them here is not by exaggeration and
so open to attack as these have done. We ter, consisting of pamphlets, circulars deception. It is idle and ruinous to ad-
thi i i bou ti o l ord o and advertisements of various kinds, all vertise the easy cultivation of tropical
think it is about time for Florida to study Floridian, directed to the two purposes fruits, where their cultivation is topes-
prudence. We believe if the whole of inducing winter travel and permanent sible. cultivation is impos-
truth about Florida were fully presented immigration. This collection, if anno- ,
tated by one who knows the facts, and
to the world, she would stand better in who should place by each'statement the Hints to Correspondents.
the public estimation than if the present actual truth, would rank high in Mun- The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
fantastic ideal were actual truth.Florida's chausen literature. It would be difficult AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
advertisers have presented her as a place to find anywhere in print an equal vited to contribute to its columns articles
specially prepared by nature for the amount of pure deception, humbug. and notes on all subjects pertaining to
specially prepared by nature for the oc- And this humbug is the bane of Flor- the farm, garden, orchard and house-
cupancy of weakly and indolent people, ida, doing vast injury to the welfare of hold affairs. The range of topics which
who are averse to toilsome pursuitQ, and the State. Whether viewed with regard will be discussed in this journal may be
prefer to bask under orange and palm to pleasure travel or permanent settlers, gathered from the subjoined table, which
trefer.Ad to proner thane baing pam tit is equally injurious.dTravelers going may serve to suggest what might other-
trees. And to prove that basking is the home tell of the disappointments of wise escape attention:
prevailing state of existence in Florida, their journey. Immigrants spread ev- ecape atenton .
the basking alligator has been kept con- erywhere their regrets at the deceptions FARM MANAGEMENT.
stantly before the public eye as thethey have suffered. It would be sub- Clearing land, draining land, crops for
sany ere e public eye a stantial service to Florida if- some one new land, succession of crops, intensive
State's special representative, would publish a list of what you cafinot farming, treatment of different soils,
Setting aside the pecuniary interests of see and fruits you cannot grow here. resting land, soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
private individuals, any sensible man There are plenty of products of the soil penning, green manuring.
must regard these "tricks of the trade" which the farmer can cultivate, without DOMESTIC ANIMALS.
deceiving him into the idea that this is a Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,
as reprehensible in the extreme, being tropical*country. It is a positive harm poultry-Breeds, feed, diseases, treat-
calculated to bring reproach on the to the State to advertise that the imnmi- ment.
State. It has been the fashion heretofore grant may have groves of cocoanut SPECIAL FERTILIZERS.
to denounce as an enemy of Florida any- palms and fields of prcine-apples, ad a Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn-
score of other Cuban products. yardtonuseed,gcaotto unsed bmea,bar-
one who questioned her perfection in all It is time that Florida had done with yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
particulars through the public prints, that system-of humbug, which has been per-phosphate, gypsum, lime, kainit,
There has been published much truth of incalculable injury to the State. It is ashes marl, muck, leaf mould, co-
about Florida that is not flattering. beyond dispute that in advertising for posCs.
immigration and for winter visitors, FORAGE CROPS.
These are the utterances sometimes o.f speculators in Florida have flooded the Bermida grass, crab grass, Para grass
persons who have been deceived and north country with a mass of falsehood Guinea grass, Terrell grass, orchard
victimized, and sometimes of friendly and misinformation unequalled in any grass, red-top grass, Johnson grass, Texas
critics Amon the lar w cla a other part of the country. The result blue grass, pearl millet, German millet,
critics. Among the latter we class a has, of course, been to disappoint and millo maize, kaffir corn, teosinte, sorf-
correspondent of the Journal of Com- disgust thousands, hum, fodder corn, cow peas, desmodi-
merce, who spent the last season in Florida has magnificent possessions um, Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
Florida. His letters were able, candid and ample opportunities for a great fu- melilotus.
and friendly, his reproaches being aimed ture, and needs none of this humbug. STAPLE CROPS.
and friendly, his reproaches being aimed On the contrary, she suffers immeas- Peach pear, fig, persimmon Japan
against abuses from which the State is durablee harm from it. There is no hotel plum, Kelsey plum, native plum, mul-
suffering, and will suffer still more if in the State in which the speculating berry, quince, apricot, guava ,banana,
they are not corrected. It is well at Florida advertiser could not, any day, pineapple sapodilla, mango, avocada,
times "to see hear thetourist deriding what they call pear, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
times, "to see oursel's as ither-, see us," Florida humbug. amnpmgaae lvgae
to know the faults that others detect in Let us take an illustration. Thr. ugh- strawberry, blackberry, raspberry-a
us and try to profit from friendly admo- out the country just now are going la- rieties, their characteristics, effects of
nation. The letter, which is reproduced ments from St. Augustine about the loss soil, weather, etc., best methods of
h I of the "ancient" cathedral. For years culture
in another column, will be found whole- St. Augustine has advertised among its Con r wet- riie
some, if not palatable, and we recom- attractions this wonderful old cathedral. yield oatrs, rye, a heat-Vanieties,
mendit tour readers as "food for re- Its "restoration" is earnestly desired. Its tield peracre, gnil trdeatmentd
fle to partial destruction in the fire last week les encountered, general treatment.
c ion. is deplored as a national calamity. Now Cotton-Long and Short Staple-Plant-
K N of all this is pure humbug, and every per- r and culture, marketing crop, manm
111s we Know Not of. ,son who has ever visited.St. Augustine agement of seed, products from the
The following from the Oakland En- recognizes the humbug. seed.
quirer indicates that the question of Thousands of travelers who have gone Sugar Cane and Sorghum-Varieties,
water supply may become to California to St. Augustine ex-pecting to see a cu- culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
a source of agitation bordering on revo- ious relhc of old architecture agreeing tion of market.
lution: with the. published laudations, have Tobacco--Varieties, history in Florida,
In Fresno and Tullar counties the law been not only disappointed, but recent experiences, seed, culture manuo
is in abeyance, while the farmers are thoroughly disgusted when they saw facture.
taking and using what water they need that cathedral. It was an utterly unin- FRUITs
for their orchards, vineyards and alfalfa, terestig little square, commonplace, r FRuiTs o of vrie
^. ..- ^l~tli**stone barn, without an external or in- Citrus Fruits--Comparison of carte
The courts issue injunctions and the ternal characteristic of the slightest im- ties, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
sheriffs are unable to enforce them. The portance. It was not even "old," hav- ods of propagation, methods of planting
bn of n r borstles wah Win- ig been built less than a hundred years ndcult p effects of fer-
chesterf rifles, andi eanyoneiventuring near ao.i tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
the canals is halted and made to explain From my knowledge of travelers, and of fruit wine and other products.
his intentions at the gun's muzzle. Men especially Florida travelers, I have:3no INSECT ENEMIES AND FUNGOID DISEASES.
of property interests and good character doubt whatever that the published stuff Natureof damage done and remedies.
-members of churches and the props of about that ancient cathedral has been of
the community--go around with barley great injury to St. Augustine travel. I MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS.
sacks drawn over their heads, as if they refer to it because it is, at least for the Bees and bee plants, silk culture and'
were stage robbers, and altogether soci- present, suppressed, and may well serve the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
ety is turned upside down and tihe law as an illustration of an immense deal of and dog laws, fences and roads, legisla-
paralyzed. The situation is unfortunate the deception in which Florida "boom- tion for farmers, homestead laws, trans-
and it would be dangerous if the law ers" have indulged, with the mistaken portation, marketing produce, experi-
were not so weak or .the violators so idea that they would increase travel and mental farms, agricultural education,.
strong. It is a deep reproach upon the immigration. home manufactures, natural history
people of California, acting in their po- The people of the north country are of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad,
litical capacity, that such a state or af- not the idiots- that such speculators im- vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
fairs should to-day exist. This crisis has agine them to be. Surely the people of farm machinery, farm implements
been foreseen since the discussion of the Florida might by this time open their water supply, cooling appliances, re-
irrigation question began three years eyes to the visible facts. Parts of Flor: cipes for cooking, home decorations,
ago, and since that tire there have been ida are to-day dead, killed by railway household economy, mineral and earths,
three sessions of the Legislature, one Of extortion and the discovery by immi- climatology, hints on the care of chil-
which was specially called to remedy grants of the misrepresentations which dren, on dress, habits, reading, amuse-
the water troubles. Yet at neither ses- induced them to come here. They would ments, etc.
sion was anything done ato obviate the have been satisfied and rejoiced to re- We do not desire letters written mere-
necessity which several hundreds ofk th main if they had not been led to suspect ly in praise of special localities unless
reputable citizens now think they are tenfold all they can possibly realize, claims to favor are based on the products
under to turn bandits and resit the pro Brought here by the assurance that they or productiveness of the soil. Articles
cess of the courts. could live in luxury on the almost spon- of an animated or vivacious style are de-
The present quarrel over the waters of taneous products of a vegetable garden, sirable by way of variety, but practical
Kings river is not caused by any scarcity until the golden fruit of their orange statements and descriptions should be
of it. The river is full of it, produced groves should pour annual wealth into concise and as much to the point as pos-
by the melting of the winter snows, and their laps, they are weary and sick at sible.
nobody need suffer for lack of water for heart when they discover that vegetables In treating of the above and related
his trees or vines, or for his herds. It is require more care here than in the North, subjects, practical experience is much to
purely a fight over the legal title to the and a paying orange grove is the con- be preferred to theoretical knowl.
water, and not over its use. Sometime densation of twenty years' labor, fertil- edge; yet there are topics needing dis-
ago, according to the Fresno Expositor, izing and money expenditure. Does cussion which have to be treated of
Mr. Lillis and other parties who have se- any Floridian wonder at the end- from a somewhat theoretical stand-
cured injunctions against the ditch com- less rows of .railway cars which are point.
pansies, were approached by the farmers pouring immigrants into the West by All communications for the editorial
with a proposition to let water run in the the hundred thousand, while so very department should be addressed to -
ditches, pending the decision in certain few come here? Why wonder, when EDITOR FARMER AND FRUIT-GROW]R
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FIRST PAGz-MoreSub-Tropical Grasses; Grape
Culture for Florida illustratedd); Orange Cul-
ture Abroad; Hardiness of the Olive; Florida's
New Palm (Illustrated); Dr. NeaPl's New
Peach; Concerning Lawn Grasses; A Plan for
Killing Moles; Horticultural Notes.
SECOND PAGE-Clean Culture of Groves; Cold
Storage'; Notes from Indian River; Some Use-
Mi Plants; How to Tell a Ripe Watermelon;
Experiments with Fertilizers; Late Planted
Sweet Potatoes; Canned and Evaporated
THIRD PAGE-A State Favored by Nature; The
Philosophy of Cultivation; Science and Agri-
culture; Cow Peas in Georgia; Pruning and
Topping Tobacco; The Cotton Seed Question;
More Sugar Experiments.
FoURTH PAGE (Editorial)-Inquiries; Improve-
ment in Peaches; The California Orange; Real
and Ideal Florida; Ills we Know not of; A
FIFTrra PAGE-(Edited by Helen Harcourt); Our
Home Circle; Cosy Corner; The Family Friend;
Our Young Folks' Corner.
SIXTHa PAGE- Sweeney, Stifle; Hog Cholera;
Raise Your own Meat; Modern Ideas of Sheep
Breeding; Mules vs. Horses; Hens and Pul-
lets; Fumigating; Diseases of Poultry; The
South for Bee Keeping
SEVNTHa PAGB-Farm Miscellany illustrated) ;
Serial Story, For Honor's Sake, by Farjeon,
EIGHTHa PAGE-State News in Brief; Judge
Kelley's Florida Tour; Southward from Leesn
burg; Gardening under Difficulties; How Rai-
is Produced; Mortality of Alcoholists.
INQUIRIES AND COMMENTS.
J. McD. writes: "Please inform me
from whom I can secure a pair of Mi-
norca chickens. I wish to buy a, pair."
D. S. W. "asks: "Can any of your
readers inform me where goats of a good
breed for milking may be obtained, and
on what terms?"
* J. H. R. asks: "Can you tell me
where I can get the white strawberry?
I wish to grow them."
Persons who can supply any of the
above named desiderata, may hear of a
purchaser by addressing the editor of
the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
CHERRY-LAUREL AND UMBRELLA TREES.
D. S. W., of Pinellas, writes that his
tree seeds, of our winter distribution,
have not come up very well, and wishes
to know when the young trees should be
transplanted. We would like to hear
from other recipients of these seeds.
Tree seeds are obstinate, and need more
careful management than most persons
will bestow on them. The umbrella
seedlings we would transplant as soon
as the leaves fall, and the cherry-laurels
early in February, that is, if they, have
had as much as six months' growth. If
very small, they had best.be left, unless
crowded, in the seed bed a year longer.
Directions for "transplanting are not in
The grass sent by same writer is not
Paspalum platycaule, but as different as
could be. It would be impossible to
identify it exactly from the specimen
sent, but we judge it is a low, glaucous
broom-grass, which grows around pine-
woods ponds. Another similar inquiry
is answered on first page.
This is the name of the vine sent by Mrs.
R. DeR., of Braidentown, described by
her as "received from Cuba; flowers in
grape-like clusters of a lovely purple-
blue color, with golden centre; berries
scarlet, with flat seeds." It is a smooth
vine with deeply divided leaves, and
with flowers resembling in form the po-
tato, tomato and others of the 600 or
more solanums. S. jasminoides is a
handsome climbing species, with entire mine hue. We cut one branch seven-
HELEN HARCOURT. Editor.
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking thle best way to do.
All questions of general Interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal Inquiries will be answered by mall
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
seat In our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications Intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
EDITOR OUR HOME-CIRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
I -- .... Mrs. SOPHIA F. BOSWELL, White CottageO.,
HREW AflWAY writes: "I took eleven bottles of your 'Fa-
....l *"" vorite Prescription'.and one bottle of your
HERg 'Pellets.' I am doing my work, and have een
HER- for some time. I have had to employ help for
U|PPORTER |about sixteen years before I commenced tak-
SUPPORTE.. |ing your medicine. I have had to wear a
S supporter most of the time; this I have laid
aside, and feel as well as I ever did."
| i w ... |Mrs. MAY GLEASON, of Nunica, Ottawa Co.
IT WORKS Mich., writes: "Your Favorite Prescription'
|., has worked wonders in my case.
WnDFER ^gain she writes: Having taken several bot-
WNDERS ties of the 'Favorite Prescription' I have re-
I gained my health wonderfully, to the astonish-
ment of myself and friends. I can now be on my feet all day,
attending to the duties of my household.
THE OUTGROWTH OFP A VAST EXPERIENCE.
marks in the real tortoise, bearing in
mind that the covered parts become
dark, the dark portions of the horn
darker and the lighter portions of the
horn less dark, thereby producing the
various shades desired.
A correspondent of the Indiana Far-
mer says that in conversing with fruit
men he finds that the best success with
plums has been in yards where pigs and
poultry are confined, and where the
ground is kept hard and bare, and all
insects and defective fruit that drops are
Mi issippi Valley Poultry Yards,
J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop r,
Breeds Prize Winning
tered not to her, nor how often she
dropped the kicking, screaming bundles
on the way. The practice has made her
perfect now, but that first introduction
of her eldest to me was very comical.
"Just see 'the difference," her other
relatives exclaimed, "she would not al-
low us to touch them, and she brings
them to your feet."
(To be Continued.)
It is not every one who knows how
much of beauty and ornament can be
made out of such common, homely ob-
jects as cattle horns; when we see them
lying by the wayside, attached to the
poor, bleached skulls, they look anything
but handsome, do they not? But never
mind how ugly they seem, my dear
cousins; take possession of them, and
see what beautiful ornaments, useful
ones, too, for home use or for presents,
you can transform them into.
Here are several ways to do it. .
TO POLISH HORNS.
First, scrape them off; bits of glass
are the best to use. You can get them
partly smooth with this, but afterwards
give them another smoothing with pow-
dered pumice stone and sperm (ma-
chine) oil on a piece of felt or woolen
cloth-an old felt hat is just the thing.
When you have made it very smooth,
take another piece of felt arid dip it into
powdered rotten stone until a high pol-
ish is obtained.
Then bore three holes at equal dis-
tances around the top, and pass cord or
zephyr through to hang them up. They
will make beautiful hanging vases for
flowers or grasses, or lined with gay col-
ored silk and hung up on the wall, a
nice catch-all for trifles.
Without lining, they are also useful as
hair or burnt-match receivers.
Horns of a light color can be made
yellow and transparent by boiling them
in linseed oil [be careful that the oil does
not take fire.-COUSIN HELENJ. Mottled
horns are made very pretty by this sim-
ple process. Of course they must be
smoothed first, and after dyeing, after
boiling, polished like the others.
Imitation, of course, but a remarkably
good one. Scrape smooth first. Take
two parts of unslaked lime and one part
sugar of lead, and with soap -lye mako paste the consistency of thick paint.
Spread this paste in irregular spots over
the horns, similar to the variegated
self, but for others. We would that ou
fair Florida were brimming over wit'
such, from end to end:
Editor Our Home Circle:
I have come for another call. I woul,
like to make the acquaintance of othe
sister housekeepers, and ask: "Can't w
help each other?"
If the bare logs or rough boards star
you in the face, tack up sheets, old cur
tains or cheese-cloth, hang pictures ove
them, tack up pretty advertising card
in groups, as if they had been throw;
there; no regularity. I found some cow'
horns, which I scrubbed and scrape,
with broken glass, made two holes oppc
site, tied a string in both to hang up in
corner, then filled to overflowing wit]
grasses and weeds, such as golden rod
dog fennel and many others which put
out and are pretty until the next season
The button flowers, which grow wild
are everlasting, and the coxcomb add
color. Have you an air plant or two oi
your porch, or tied to a tree in front
They give your place such a tropical
look. [Add the Spanish bayonet, by al]
Didn't like my hour-glass stand. M-
husband said it would be knocked ove
in less than a week, but it stands by u
as firm as ever. [Even "stand-bys" fai
us sometimes. Beware, Atlanta. "Prid
will have its fall." Please step up am
'fees when it topples.-ED.]
We have three chairs made from flou
barrels. A little more than half wa,
down saw across the staves half wa;
through the barrel, then brace up th
bottom part so that it will stay in place,
and also do for the seat to rest on; maki
the round seat to fit, but don't tacl
down. Now for the upholstering; i
you have any ingenuity, exercise it.
have used old dresses for mine; one is
brown mixed goods, box-pleated an<(
tacked around the bottom part of th4
top and seat. Cover first with old
worn-out comforters, then tack th<
goods over and let it come below when
the seat will come. The seat can b(
tacked on the wrong side, and if mad(
right it will just fit and not move; now
isn't that a nice shoe box? [Yes, first-
rate.-ED.] Or line it with calico, anc
what a nice place for the quilt or rug
you are making.
I have a "sugar-trough gourd" thai
grows six inches a day, with leaves
larger than a dinner plate. I think if it
keeps on it will cover the whole house;
am training it around the porch on wire
netting. It has reached the roof, while
those planted away from the house, with
no attention, are not more than an inch
high. We aie just learning how to treat
the Florida soil. It needs a little help,
but how that makes things grow! We
have garden the year round, and such
beautiful flowers, now that we have
learned what the soil requires. If a man
can't get rich here, he certainly can have
comforts and luxuries that are denied
most men in the North. [Never was a
truer word spoken.-ED.]
The Family Friend.
A FRUITFUL SOURCE OF DISEASE.
The following article is taken from'the
New Orleans (La.) Home Journal. It is
only through the gross neglect of all
sanitary laws that disease and fevers are
not only invited, but welcomed:
You are committing sui ide! You are
murdering your family! A slow, but
certain instrument of death is under
your control, and you areillowing your-
self and family to be exposed to its deadly
influence. You may not be amenable to
the laws on the statute books of the
State, but the laws of nature and nature's
God are being hourly violated by you,
and the Judge will not hold you guiltless.
No packed jury will sit upon your trial
in this case. Your own awakened con-
science will pronounce a verdict of
This matter is a delicate one for public
discussion, but the importance of the
subject and the gross neglect of sanitary
precautions render it necessary that, oc-
casionally, at least, a warning be given.
Privies, in country and town, are the
fountain head of more diseases, more
earthly ills, than a thousand Pandora
boxes could hold. Placed in close prox-
imity to the residence, for obvious rea-
sons, the full measure of the mischief
they work is unsuspected, and their
seething corruption is ignored, perhaps
unknown, because unseen How intel-
ligent and refind people endure the nui-
sance they do, for a day, a week, or a
month even, passes our comprehension,
but when the neglect extends to years,
our astonishment cannot be expressed.
Medical men assert that the great ma-
jority of diseases which are entailed
upon the human race, result from the
inhalation of some sporadic germ, un-
seen, unsuspected and unknown. Chol-
era, diphtheria, fevers of various types,
and many other diseases not necessary
to mention in this connection, are di-
rectly traceable to this cause.
Such being the case, how very impor-
tant it becomes to keen our own prem-
ises in order, trusting to the intelligence
and self-respect of cur neighbors to do,.
the same. Especially at this season of
the year should extra preventative and
precautionary measures be taken to de-
stroy the malarial germs, which await
our inhaling to poison the life out of us.
It is much the practice, both in city
and country, to use disinfectants of va-
rious kinds for purifying the air of priv-
ies, sink spouts, gutters and drains.
These are valuable, and their use should
be encouraged, but it must not be forgot-
ten that they do not destroy the cause of
th* evil-they only prevent its wide dis-
semination. Carbolic acid has been
largely used for some years for this pur-
pose. In its crude state it can be fur-
nished at a small price, but its terrible
odor is unbearable to many persons. Its
refined grades are less objectionable, but
are quite expensive.
A simple and cheap, yet efficient dis-
infectant, may be made at home, and be
always ready for use. The pungent odor
of carbolic acid and other like concoctions
isavoided by its use. Try it. Prepare by
the following formula:
Chloride of lead .
Boiling water . .
Chloride of soda (salt) .
Water . .
thought them to give her some of my
clothing to lie upon; that soothed her a
little, and she condescended to eat some-
thing, but still only sparingly.
After those three days she gave up
searching for me, and hardly quitted
her nest in my clothes, but whenever
her "grandmother" or her "aunt" (as
my mother and sister call themselves,
so you can guess what they are saucy
enough to call me!) went to stroke her
velvety fur and comfort the orphling,
she looked up at them and cried piti-
fully, unmistakably asking, "Where is
"She is in your study now, in her
favorite corner near your desk, and this
morning she will not let us touch her at
all. The poor little thing will go crazy
with oy, now her beloved has come
I went into my room and quietly sat
down,, with Jack's other "fond rela-
tives" looking on to see what she would
do; the door into the study was open.
Hardly had I seated myself, before
there was a sudden rustle in the corner
where she was, and then the little cat
darted out. She absolutely shrieked
with delight and made oe dash at me,
as though she would devour me; up in
my lap and down again, then up again,
then rolling at my feet, then rubbing
her face against mine, and all the time
singing her hymn of thanksgiving as
only Jack could sing.
Dear little Jack! She was really frantic
with joy. All at once she rushed back
into the study and disappeared in her
corner; then there was a feeble wail, and
back came Jack with something yellow
dangling from her mouth, a tiny bundle
of fur, which she laid at my feet, and
then looked up at me, as much as to
say, "Just see what a present I've got
for you. Isn't it nice?"
I stooped and patted the proud little
mother and baby, and then, waving her
tail with satisfaction, she picked it up,
never heeding that it cried at the top of
its voice, as it had a right to do, seeing
that she had caught it by the tail instead
of the neck, and trotted off with it. The
next moment she was back, and laid
down a small black bundle at my feet. I
patted it, and purring with satisfaction,
she then returned to her corner, to
come back immediately with another
package, and this duly acknowledged,
with still another.
The air of pride with which she
"toted" those little bundles was very
funny; not less so was the manner of
their "toting," one by the tail, another
she seized by the stomach, another by
the back, and one by the throat; it mat-
After the several ingredients are well
dissolved pour them together, and when
settled, draw off the clear mixture into
demijohns, jugs or bottles, and keep it
tightly corked. A cloth wet with this
mixture, suspended in a sick room, will
speedily remove or neutralize all offen-
sive odors. A very small quantity thrown
into the privy, sink, drain or sewer will
absorb all noxious gases for a considera-
The best disinfectant or absorbent, anti
the cheapest also, is fine dry earth. This,
for the country especially, is easily
obtained. A barrel of this earth
*should be placed in' a corner
of the privy, a scoop, like a
sugar scoop, holding a quart, be placed
therein, and each member of the family
be required to use it for covering their
foecal matter. We could enlarge this
list to a considerable extent, but space
and time forbid.
In the country the privy is the cause
of a duplicate score of ills. As we have
stated, its location is near the residence.
So is the well. Did people know the
nature and extent of the terrible impur-
ities contained in their well water, they
would wonder that they are 'still alive.
In all dry and sandy soils percolation is
continually in progress, and though the
earth through which the offensive mat-
ter passes may purify it to some extent,
for a time, yet sooner or later the pore
ducts will have absorbed the impurities
to their utmost capacity, and then the
surplus will flow onward and mingle
their death and disease-breeding quali-
ties with the very water you drink.
CAMPHOR FOR MOSQUITOES.
Somebody says: "I have tried the
following, and find that it 'works like a
charm:' Take of gum camphor a piece
about one-third the size of an egg and
evaporate it by placing it in a tin vessel
and holding it over a lamp or candle,
taking care that it does not ignite. The
smoke will soon fill the room and expel
the mosquitoes. One night not long
since I was terribly annoyed with them,
when I thought ef and tried the above,
after which I neither saw nor heard
them that night, and next morning there
was not one to be found in the room,
though the window had been left open
all night." [We have tested this satis-
A delicate dessert. For each pie chop
half a pound of figs (dried or fresh) very
fine, and cook them up with a cup of
cold water, or part cider or brandy and
part water; when ihe figs are soft and
smooth let them cool, and add the yolk
of an egg; put in crust and bake. Make
a meringue of the white of the egg
beaten stiff, with two tablespoonfuls of
powdered sugar beaten in it; flavor with
vanilla. As soon as the crust is done
draw the pie to the oven door (don't
draw it out), spread this on top, and let
it set for a minute or two, not longer.
Three-quarters of a pound of grated
bread, half pound of figs, six ounces of
suet, six ounces of brown sugar, one tea-
cupful milk -and grate a little nutmeg;
chop figs and suet together, then mix in
the bread, sugar and milk, and lastly,
one egg well beaten. Boil in a mold four
hours; serve hot with sweet sauce..
-, -n ^ ______ _
Our Young Folks' Corner.
ITS STANDING OFFER.
A nice picture book each month to the boy
or girl who sends us the largest list of subscrib-
ers for "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER" during that month.
A beautifully bound copy of the famous
children's agazine,St, Nicholas, to the boy
or girl whe sends us the largest number of
subscribers during six months.
Write us letters descriptive of places, things
or doings; write us on one side the page; give
The best letter received will be published
Now go to work and see who wins.
Our Cosy Corner.
MAKING THE BEST OF IT.
Let us look into the kitchen first of all,
for there it is that the most and the
hardest of the work of the household is
There are many ways in which it may
be ameliorated, if only we stop to study
convenience and make the best use of
"Make your head save your heels," is
a wise saying that applies not less to
work in the household than to other
walks in life.
Sisters, there is not one among you
but can, if she will, contribute of her
knowledge some item from her own
home experiences that may help to
lighten the burden of others, and there-
fore we say to you, echoing the words of
our esteemed sister, Atlanta, as given
below, "Can't we help eachfother?"
We can if we will; there is no doubt
about it, and as we said just now, let us
take up the daily work in the household
first, and see how we can make the best
of itthere, and by "the best of it" we
mean the easiest way to do it as it should
be done, for we would fain take fast
hold of that good old proverb, "What-
ever is worth doing, is worth doing
The Cosy Corner will faithfully try to
do its full share of the good work, but it
is well assured that the many sisters
whose homes it visits are just as capable
of adding their quota of timely kitchen
hints, pro bono public.
Do we appeal in vain? We believe not.
So now the Cosy Corner leads off with
A MODEL KITCHEN TABLE,.
Make it nine feet long, or as near that
as possible, two feet six inches in height
and two feet, three inches across the
Enclose it at the back and ends, and
shut it in in front by doors-you want
no floor; the kitchen floor answers every
purpose. Divide the enclosed space into
The right hand closet is to contain the
flour barrel; the door coming down to
the floor admits it, and is kept tightly
closed until the next barrel is needed.
On the inside wall of this barrel com-
partment put hooks to hold the baking
tins and rolling pin; the sieve and scoop
are to be kept in the barrel; in the table
top, just over the flour barrel, make a
hinged lid, and at the back of the flour
division, on the top, nail a narrow strip
of wood, also one across from front to
back to prevent water from flowing into
it from thb main part of the table. Of
course, it is understood that this lid is a
part of the top and sets level with it;
also that it is to open over the whole
width of the flour compartment.
Above the door of the mnliddle division
make a drawer without sides or back,
but with shallow front. This is the bread
board, and when drawn out and placed
onr. the table the front becomes the back,
and is very useful in preventing the
scattering of flour in rolling pastry.
Below this drawer is the closet of the
middle division with its own door, like
the others. Here place a shelf wide
enough to hold pans, bowls or pudding
dishes; below this shelf is space for a
bucket of sugar,;.a small pail of lard, and
a molasses and vinegar jug.
In the left hand closet place at the top
a drawer divided into three compart-
ments, one for eggs, another for spices,
yeast cakes, nutmeg grater, cake cutter,
and the third for spoons, knives, forks
and cake paddles.
.A broad shelf below is next to be
added, to hold boxes of salaratus, of salt,
pepper, rice, tapioca, corn-meal, a jar of
preserves while in use, pie plates, or such
other things as convenience may sug-
gest. This shelf is also -an excellent
place to keep pies.
If the table is properly put together,
and stands level on the floor, neither
ants nor roaches will be able to "break
in and steal." .
If the mistress of this labor-saving
table happens to be short of stature, a
short piece of board two feet wide, with
strips of sufficient thickness nailed on
the under side, will be found a great
convenience; as the closet doors swing
open, it will not be in the way, and if,
on cool winter mornings, this little stove
is warmed by the fire, it will be found a
very comfortable place to stand on.
Until the tired housekeeper owns one
of these tables, she cannot realize the
great saving they make in time, in labor,
in weariness, in steps.
Sisters, do not rest until you possess
one. The directions are plainand simple,
but not so simple as the man who says:
"I don't know how."
Even if you must hire a carpenter to
make the table, don't hesitate to do it,
even though it may seem an extrava-
gance, for whatever saves the health or
strength of the wife and mother is a pay- I
(To be Continued.)
A Voice From South Florida,
And one that we are glad to hear again, -
for it belongs to one of the true-hearted '
"toilers of the earth," who believes in i
making the best of life, not only for her- t
Plymouth Rocks, Wyanlottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE AT ALL TIMES.
EGGS IN SEASON.
Won all ti]e Leading Prizes at the
North Mississippi Poultry Show at
Water Valley, Feb. 9 to 12,1887.
Farmers wishing to improve their stock can
get SPECIAL BARGAINS of me. I also sell a
Poultry Journals and Books at Reduced Prices.
Send for Catalogue and Price List, free; or
write for wants.
Please mention this paper.
FREE, ONE SAMPLE COPY.
Before yon decide where to go in SOUTH
FLORIDA, send for a sample copy of,
THE ORANGE GROVE.
You will find better and cheaper bargains in
MANATEE County in groves, farms, ranches of
any size. Building lots on railroad, river or sea-
side. The proprietor of "The Orange Grove," is
an old timer," but neither moss backed or hide
bound; he is here to stay and "There is millions
in it." Three Millions of Acres on his Books.
Address, THE GROVE, LIVERPOOL, FLA.
APAN CLOVER AND TURF GRASS.
(Lespedeza striata and Paspalum platycaule. }
Illustrated and described in FLORIDA FARMER
AND FRUIT GROWER.
Supplied at $1.00 per thousand,
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida.
The following words, in praise of DR. PIERCE'S FAVORITE PRESCRIPTION as a remedy for those delicate diseases and weak-
nesses peculiar to women, must be of interest to every sufferer from such maladies. They are fair samples of the spontaneous
expressions with which thousands give utterance to their sense of gratitude for the inestimable boon of health which has been
restored to them by the use of this world-famed medicine.
JOHN E. SEGAR, of Mifllenbeck, Va., writes:
S1 00 ,, My wife had been suffering for two or three
100- |years with female weakness, and had paid
........ ..... out one hundred dollars to physicians with-
THROWN AWAY out relief. She took Dr. Pierce's Favorite
........" Prescription and it did her more good than
=^ all the medicine given to her by the physi-
cians during the three years they had been practicing upon her."
SMrs. GEORGE HERGER, of Westfield, NX.Y.,
T..- t-- writes: "I was a great sufferer from leucor-
|1tE UlEAT i| | Irhea, bearing-down pains, and pain contin-
r. I ually across my back. Three bottles of your
EARTHLY BON Favorite Prescription' restored me to per-
.......... feet health. I treated with Dr. for
Snine months, without receiving any benefit.
The 'Favorite Prescription' is the greatest earthly boon to us
poor suffering women."
TREATING THE WRONG DISEASE.
Many times women call on their family physicians, suffering, as they imagine, one from dyspepsia, another from heart disease,
another from liver or kidney disease, another from nervous exhaustion or prostration, another with pain here or there, and in
this way they all present alike to themselves and their easy-going and indifferent, or over-busy doctor, separate and distinct diseases,
for which he prescribes his pills and potions, assuming them to be such, when, in reality, they are all only symptoms caused by some
womb disorder. The physician, ignorant of the cause of suffering, encourages his practice until large bills are made. The suffering
patient gets no better, but probably worse by reason of the delay, wrong treatment and consequent complications. A proper medicine,
Ike Dr Pierce's F favorite Prescription, directed to the cause would have entirely removed the disease, thereby dispelling all those
distressing symptoms, and instituting comfort instead of prolonged misery.
Mrs. E. F. MORGAN of No. 71 Lexington StA
3 PHYSICIANS East Boston, ass., says: "Five years ago JEALOUS ofcrystal, Mich.,writes wastroubled with
was a dreadful sufferer from uterine troubles. ..I female weakness, leucorrhea and falling of the
| FAIl:k. s Having exhausted the skill of three phy-d TOR womb for seven ears, so I had to keep my bed
sicians, I was completely discouraged, andrso for a good pa o the time. I doctored with an
... .weak I could with difficulty cross the room I 'amyoIdffrnt physicians, and spent large sums
alone. I began taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and of money, but received no lasting benefit. At last my husband
using the local treatment recommended in his Common Sense persuaded me to try your medicines, which I was loath to do>
.Medical Adviser.' I commenced to improve at once. In three because I was prejudice against [them, and the-doctors sa1 a
months I was perfectly cured, and have had no trouble since. I they would do menogood. I finally told my husband that if
wrote a letter to my'family paper, briefly mentioning how my he would get me som of your medicines, I would tanry them
health had been restored, and offering to send the full particulars against the advice of my physician. He got me six bottles of the
to any one writing me for them, and enclosing a stamped-en- 'Favorite Prescription, also six bottles of the Discovery,'for
velope for reply. I have received over four hundred letters. ten dollars. I took three bottles of 'Discovery' and four of
In reply, I have described my case and the treatment used, Favorite Prescription,' and I have been a sound woman for four
and hav earnestly advised themtto 'dotlikewise.' From a great years. I then gave the balance of the medicine to my sister, who
many I ommhave received second letters of thanks, stating that they was troubled in the same way, and she cured herself in a short
had commenced the use of 'Favorite Prescription,' had sent theeI not d to tke any medice now for alot
$1.50 required for the 'Medical Adviser,' and had applied the'fouriyears." ave not had to e any medicine now for almost
local treatment so fully and plainly laid down therein, and were
much better already."
Little by little Jack grew less fearful
of every person and noise around her,
and so began to follow me out into the
nursery among the trees, or wherever
else I might go about the place; but the
comical thing about it was that she
always did it under protest-that is, as
I went further from the cottage, she
walked behind me slowly and solemnly,
crying a pitiful little cry, ever and afion
stopping, as if she could coax me to go
But all the same she never deserted
me, not once; only, what a change came
over her the moment I turned back, and
and she felt sure our journey was over.
Instead of walking, she ran, she raced,
leaping into the air after every insect
she met on the way, darting at me, with
her tail twisted to one side, then scamper-
ing away; sometimes (it was very mean
of me, I know) I turned back, as if go-
ing away from home again, and the
instant change in poor little Jack was
ludicrous. Her tail, her head and her
footsteps dragged and drooped together.
So it was not long before every one
called Jack my "shadow," only my
"shadow," unlike others, suddenly van-
ished when the son (of man) appeared.
When Jack was seven months old, I
went away for a week's visit, and when
I came back the first thing I heard was
the story of poor Jack's grief over my
For three days. she would not
touch a mouthful of food, though
frequently coaxed to do so, and
she wandered constantly about, hunt-
ing in every place where I had been
accustomed to go, and crying mourn-
fully all the while. She searched and
searched, and then laid down to sleep,
then started up and began to hunt
It was pitiful, they told me, and the
only thing that afforded my poor little
pet any comfort was when they be-
The treatment of many thousands of cases
of those chronic weaknesses and distressing
ailments peculiar to females, at the Invalids'
Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo, N. Y.,
has afforded a vast experience in nicely
adapting and thoroughly testing remedies
for the cure of woman's peculiar maladies.
Dr. Piercess Favorite Prescription
is the outgrowth, or result, of this great
and valuable experience. Thousands of
testimonials, received from patients and
from physicians who have tested it in the
more aggravated and obstinate cases which
had baffled their skill, prove it to be the
most wonderful remedy ever devised for
the relief and cure of suffering women. It
is not recommended as a "cure-all," but
as a most perfect Specific for woman's
As a powerful, invigorating tonic,
it imparts strength to the whole system,
and to the uterus, or womb and its ap-
pendages, in particular. For overworked,
"worn-out," "run-down," debilitated teach-
ers, inilliners, dressmakers, seamstresses,
"shop-girls," housekeepers, nursing moth-
ers, and feeble women generally, Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription is the great-
est earthly boon, being unequalled asian
appetizing cordial and restorative tonie. It,
promotes digestion and assimilation oflood,
Address, WORLIPS DISPEL
cures nausea, weakness of stomach, indi-
gestion, bloating and eructations of gas.
As a soothing and strengthening
nervine, Favorite Prescription" is un-
equalled and is invaluable in allaying and
subduing nervous excitability, irritability,
exhaustion, prostration, hysteria, spasms
and other distressing, nervous symptoms
,commonly attendant upon functional and
organic disease of thewomb. It induces
refreshing sleep and relieves mental anx-
iety and despondency.
Br. Pierces -Favorite Prescription
is a legitimate medicine, carefully
compounded by an experienced and skillful
physician, and adapted to woman's delicate-
organization. It is purely vegetable in its
composition and perfectly harmless in its
effects in any condition of the system.
"Favorite Prescription,, is a posi-
tive cure for the most complicated and
obstinate cases of leucorrhea, or "whites,"
excessive flowing at monthly periods, pain-
ful menstruation, unnatural suppressions,
prolapsus or falling of the womb, weak
back, "female weakness," anteversion, re-
troversion, bearing-down sensations, chron- -
ic congestion, inflammation and ulceration
of the womb, inflammation, pain and ten-
derness in ovaries, accompanied with "in-
In pregnancy, "Favorite Prescription"
is a "mother's cordial," relieving nausea,
weakness of stomach and other distressing
symptoms common to that condition. If
its use is kept up in the latter months of
gestation, it so prepares the system for de-
livery as to greatly lessen, and many times
almost entirely do away with the sufferings
of that trying ordeal
"Favorite Prescription," when taken
in connection with the use of Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery and small laxa-
tive doses of Dr. Pierce's Purgative Pellets
(Little Liver Pills), cures Liver, Kidney and
Bladder diseases. Their combined use also
removes blood taints, and [abolishes can-
cerous and scrofulous humors from the
"Favorite Prescription" is the only
medicine for women sold, by druggists,
under a positive guarantee, from the
manufacturers, that t will give satisfa&-
tion in every case, or money will be re-
funded. This guarantee has been printed
on the bottle-wrapper, and faithfully car-
ried out for many years. Large bottles
(100 doses) $1.00, or six bottles for
JWY"Send ten cents in stamps for Dr.
Pierce's large, illustrated Treatise (160
pages) on Diseases of Women.
ENSARY MnEDICAL ASSOCIATION, No. 663 Main Street, -UFFALO, N. Y.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 15, 1887.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 15, 1887.
Soultr and Ne7
a~~~~~us~~~~ s^ fS -i ^I n SF el^
$iiNI, WM ^l^^^i
C S. L'EN6LE d CO.,
PRICES THE LOWEST.
C. S. IENGLEH CO.,
Inquiries concerning diseases of domestic
animals may be addressed to Dr. D. 0. Lyon,
jacksonville, Florida, who will answer them
through this column.
C -T- "y" 3D El S
NEW YORK & FLORIDA STEAMASHIP LINE..
TRI-WEEKLY SERVICE BETWEEN
NEW YORK FERNANDINA AND JACKSONVILLE:
Steamers are appointed to sail from Pier 29, E. R., N. Y., every Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday, at 3 I. m.
FROM JACKSONVILLE-CHEROKEE (new), and SEMINOLE (new), every. FRIDAY.
FROM FERNANDINA--DELA WARE and YEMASSEE every MONDAY, p. m., CITY'
OF ATLANTA and CITY OF COLUMBIA, every WEDNESDAY p. m.
The Freight and Passenger Accommodations by this Line are unsurpassed by any ships in"
the coastwise service. For further information, apply to
CLARENCE WAGNER, Agt., J. A. LESLIE, Agt.,
Fernandina, Fla., Jacksonville, Fla., S. W. cor. Bay and Hogan..
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, WM. P CLYDE & CO.,
35 Broadway, N. Y. General Agents, 35 Broalway, T
L size 40x100 oAL VI W, l ake Kingsley, Clay Co., o nly 10. A
O*0F feet in LK VIWV choice 5-acre tract for an ORANGE.
GROVE costs but $100.
High rolling Pine Lands, Salubrious Climate, a good invest-
ment. Send 2-cent stamp for Maps, etc., or remit P. O. Order or
Bank Draft to JOHN T. TALBOTT, and get Warranty Deed, Title FLgI
perfect, from the
ORIOLE, HERNANDO COUNTY.
Hens and Pullets.
the common mode of getting the honey
is to smother the bees and cut out the
combs containing the young bees, pollen
and all the unhealthy impurities of the
year's accumulation. Bahl you might
as well try to eat a fowl without dress-
ing it, or a p'g-sty along with the pig.
The patent hives, extractors, veil and
other accessions of the bee keeper can be
obtained -at a trivial cost, and in most
localities the bees can be had for noth-
ing. Any old darkey can tell you where
to find a bee tree and how to capture the
bees. Then the way is comparatively
Easy. The writer knows of a boy in
Arkansas who kept himself supplied
with pocket money, bought his own
clothes, and finally sent himself to college
with the money he made keeping bees.
SAny intelligent boy or girl can do as
Swell. Suppose you get a few colonies
This summer and try it. If you can't
*afford to buy a hive write .to us and we
will tell you how to make one.
would-add much to the value of a flock.
There were some flocks of native sheep,
upon the progeny of which such a cross
would have a marked influence for the
better, but the extreme .was reached
with this one cross. A continuation of
such breeding has brought the natural
consequence of small carcasses, loss of
vitality and general imbecility among the
flocks of farmers, to their utter disgust.
At the shearing referred to above, and
at others a year ago, I have often heard
these expressions from farmers, when
examining some of these wrinkly mon-
strosities: "I wouldn't take such an ani-
mal as a gift," or "I would shoot such a
ram if I found him in my flock."
These sentiments have had their in-
fluence upon breeders, and this year
large, smooth sheep, with long, bright
wool were shown, and the expressions
of commendation from the bystanders
made the faces of the owners to shine
again. Sheep shearing from sixteen to
twenty pounds to the fleece, with a two
and a half to three inch staple, fine lus-
trous wool, seemed to be the ideal-a
sheep that showed indications of giving
a large per cent. of scoured wool. Sev-
eral fleeces from this shearing will be
submitted to the scouring test, which is
the only true index of value in a fleece.
The next demand is that the sheep must
be of good size and shape. Many flocks
begin to run small, and lambs from such
sheep are very difficult to raise. They
come weak, or are dead at birth; only
the very best of care can bring a flock
through the winter without loss. One
year's experience with cross-bred lambs
from a coarse wool sire shows a marked
Difference in vitality. This teaches far-
mers that the sire must have a strong
constitution, which cannot be found be-
neath a wrinkly skin, with not sheep
- enough to.fill it.
> ~ ~ ~ --- ^-
;MULES VS. HORSES.
Superiority of the Former Un-
der Colored Hostlers.
S BY S. POWERS.
I Few men are aware how much fatal-
? ity overtakes Florida horse flesh from
s the rule of the black man in the stable.
I Not one negro in five hundred is fit to
handle a horse, but it seemsto be the evil
destiny of that noble brute to fall under
t Pompey's management in a majority of
- cAses. This neighborhood has been noted
a for its losses of horses. It has taxed the
e ingenuity of man to diagnose and find
a names for the mysterious diseases thai
s the horse-is hdir to here. "Sanding" has
. been the most common malady; then
, "big shoulder, "big head," "big jaw,"
- "jearcy," fistulaa," 'founder" (which
d grazes the truth), "blind staggers," and
other mainly conjectural diseases have
been discovered by horse doctors, when,
to tell the truth, the simple inscription
s that ought to have been placed, in most
g cases, above the little pile of bones left by
n the buzzards, wou'd be, "Died of a Ne
gro Hostler." If men will buy a $20(
horse, then hire a dollar-a-day-without
toward negro to abuse him, the result wil
Snot long be left to conjecture.
Instance No. 1. A friend had a mar
s of which, in all respects save one, h<
Swas'very choice. He would not allow
Usher to be worked over eight hours a day
" She must have a three hours' rest a
f noon; must be groomed down to the
n coronets every evening; must have the
e choicest ground feed, on which no rat
e had been allowed to run, three times a
e day, with bright Northern hay, and she
g must never be allowed to drink while
', hot. But, alas! he allowed a colored
e man, whom he thought he could trust
y implicitly, to work the mare, and all hi
. other precautions went for nothing. Th
-" man came in one evenmg with the mar
d in a reek of sweat-; it was a little late, h
o .was a little hungry, and had a mile an
y a half to walk to get his own supper, s
n he led her hot to the well and allowed<
a, her to drink all she wanted! Five min
y utes later the owner came out, asked i
d Sam had watered the mare, led her t
le the water trough and noticed with su
g prise that she Would not drink. Th
s, mischief- was already done. The mar
., was ruined. He gave her away to
r- neighbor. She has been for months run
le ning out to grass, drawn and pinched t
e- a degree. In the course ,of a year sh
n may possibly get to be worth $10 to se
a to some horse trader.
r. Instance No. 2. Another friend had
n- valuable team of mules which he left t
y the care of a colored man, who had bee
r- driving a team in a logging camp f(
years, and was supposed to be compi
tent and careful. The first thing h
knew he had given the mules in tw
in days and a half as much grai
se as they ought .to have received i
r, a week. The consequence is, there
ng now only one really sound animal in tl
ng Instance No. 3. A company doing a
a immense logging and lumber business
,c- a neighboring station have a mule ya
No into which at night their team anima
It- are turned loose. They run to a lon
trough, into which their feed is shove
gs eled by negro teamsters, thick in son
ng places, thin in others, none at all
of others, over which the animals strugg
re, and kick, the strong getting more, tl
me weak getting less, whereas it ought
be the other way.
The Northeners here buy good horse
hire negroes to take care (?) of them, an
they die. The natives are poor and tal
he care of their own horses, and there
us nothing the matter with them. .
Of course there are exceptions to th
p- last statement. Any horse is liable
at have the thrush, and this, becoming irr
li- tated by the sand, assumes a malignar
ite form, like the foot-rot of Norther
in sheep, and affects the entire system.
)n, Sonre good horsemen think that tl
he constant driving of horses throun
nt. water, in low places along the flat-woo
as roads, "bays, or swamps, etc., has
it. very bad effect on them, more especial
ly on their feet and legs.
or Others believe that the absence of lir
his and the presence of iron and other mi
ers erals in the drinking water inju
!ep horses, softening their bones, rendering
them porous and rotten, and give them
diseased kidneys and weak eyes.
The mule is less subject to 'all these
troubles. It will bear with impunity
more abuse and neglect than the nobler
animal to which it is related; it is more
patient of hardships and short rations.
The mule is the object of a great deal of
unjust reproach and slander. Itsunnat-
ural origin and hideous figure heavily
handicapped it at the outset of its life.
Like a bastard child, whom everybody
abuses, the mule receives a kick and a
curse from ever) body, and it gives kicks
freely in return.
It lies in evidence, from numbers of
fair-minded men, who have given it an
unprejudiced trial, that the mule's natu-
ral disposition is as good as that of the
horse, if not better. It is timid, and
often kicks from fear of expected injury
or from recollection of former ones re-
ceived. A timid animal, by a long
course of abuse, is rendered the most
treacherous we have.
The mule is by nature gentle as well
as strong. I recall in particular the
testimony of a life-long friend, a horse-
man of much better judgment than my-
self, who surprised me by insisting that,
if he -wished to send a raw hand to the
field with a safe team, next after a yoke
of oxen, he should send him with a span
of mules A span of horses, after being
a spell in the stable and coming out and
feeling real squealing good, are fiery,
and something has got to come or break,
or they will balk. But a span of mules
will "get right down to it," venire a
terre, like a yoke of oxen, and take a
long pull, a strong pull and a pull alto-
As to the superior toughness and
longevity of the mule, little need here be
said Most men are agreed on this
branch of the subject. The friend just
referred to showed me a pair of mules,
still in good working condition, which
had done faithful service on his farm
twenty-eight years; and in the commu-
nity where he is known, I should insult
him by vouching for his truthfulness.
A mule will eat about the same
amount of grain as a horse, but a con-
siderable less hay; and on this feed it
Sit will do more work than the horse, on
LAWTEY. Bradford Co.
The following cases, reported from
Mississippi, are prescribed for by that
veteran of veterinaries, Dr. D. L. Phares,
through the Southern Live Stock Jour-
SI have a mule with sweeney in his
right shoulder and what some call stifle
in left hind leg. He has been working
in a dray, doing heavy work, until
about six weeks ago. I think he has
rheumatism. "He is very sensitive to
touch either on his shoulder or stifle
joint. His feet are all right apparently.
His coat is good and looks well. Tell me
if you can what to do, and oblige.
ANSWER--Sweeney, so called, is a
S shrinking of a part from some previous
injury of shoulder, foot or leg, and is a
chronic condition. It sometimes follows
rheumatism. It -may be treated by
daily diligently rubbing into the shrunk-
en part a liniment of spirits of turpen-
tine one ounce, and spirits camphor two
ounces. Or iodine, one ounce dissolved
in soap liniment twelve ounces. In either
case do a good deal of rubbing.
An excellent treatment consists in
hypodermic injection daily at the affect-
ed part of half grain sulphate strych-
nine dissolved in one or two drachms of
water and the prolonged use of electric-
ity. I have sometimes had good results
from inserting into the skin a piece of
large brass wire. Raise the skin into a
fold, which will be hard to do as there
will be some tearing of connective tis-
sue (all the better if freely done), pierce
the fold with a sharp blade and insert
and bend the brass wire to a ring shape
before releasing the skin. It may be
roper to slip the wire a little every few
days. It will require a wire five or six
inches long. I have had good results,
and speedy, by pinching up the skin as
above, making a puffcture large enough
to admit a finger, which must be pushed
under the skin and around, lifting it up
so as to tear the connective tissue. This
usually relieves the lameness at once anc
the animal is soon well.
What is called stifle is a sprain or strain
or hurt of the tendons or ligaments at
the stifle joint, or a partial (rarely com
plete) dislocation of the little bone in
front of the joint corresponding to th(
knee-cap in man. Rheumatism often
affects this part. The joint often suffer
when there is really no displacement
If there bedisplacement adjust the parts
which is not difficult. If not, use dili
gently the first liniment above directed(
The following are Dr. Jones' opinion
on the much discussed subject of hog
cholera, as expressed in the Southern
We have long believed .that the pre
disposing causes of hog cholera are in
sufficient or unnatural food and want o
plenty of -pure water. The disease i
well known to be infectious, but it i
known that even infectious disease
more readily attack where there are pre
disposing causes. The hog, in a state o
nature, is- herbivorous, subsisting or
roots, grass and nuts, and ranging th
woods and swamps unrestrained. Th
nearer we can keep to nature in th
management of stock, supplementing
natural supplies by the arts of culture
and protecting against undue exposure
to inclement weather, the more health
and vigorous the animals will be
Every farmer should provide an abun
dance of green and succulent foo
throughout the spring and summer, t
be followed in the fall and winter b
nuts, tubers, grain and oil-cake. Gree
roasting ears, stalk and all, sorghum
collards, clover, fallen fruit and man
of the natural grasses of the field afford
a succession and variety that leave little
to be desired during the growing
months; and sweet potatoes, chufa
peanuts, field-peas, artichokes, etc
answer the demands of the season fu:
their on, and prepare the porkers for th
smoke-house. What a list of food r
sources for man and beast we have i
the South! We ought not to import
pound of badon or lard, beef or butte
If failure or famine occurs in one court
ty the adjoining or not distant count
should be our Egypt, instead of the fa
Raise Your Own Meat.
Some farmers argue that they ca
buy meat cheaper than they can rai
it, but experience shows that a farme
in the long run, can raise everything
he needs cheaper than he can buy it.
Some people think they are givil
hogs a fair trial if they get together
few razor-backs, and cultivate their a
quaintance with a horse and dog.
wonder some hogs in the South can ou
run a norse.
Whenever it is noticed that the ho
eat gravel, it is a sign that somethir
"they need is lacking. A few pieces
S coal or charcoal will probably be a cur
while the food should at the same ti
Improved Sheep Breeding.
Another > wholesome reaction in t
matter of breeding live stock is th
spoken of in the Country Gentleman:
The Southwestern Michigan Shee
Breeders held their- annual shearing
Kalamazoo on the 28th ult. The "whir
gig of time" has brought around qui
different opinions regarding sheep
their various qualities of wool, muttc
vigor, etc. Not many years since, t
sheep that sheared the greatest per cer
of wool, from weight of carcass, w
considered as having especial mer
Buch- a sheep may have had scarce
vigor enough to protect himself,
blood enough to warm the grease in I
wool, yet breeders believed, and farmE
'. generally supposed, that such a she
morning before feeding, will effect a
Let the setting hen come off every day
to be fed, if she wants to, but be sure
that she does not stay off too long.
DISEASES OF POULTRY.
BY E. S. RICHARDSON.
This is the terror to the poultryman.
When this disease comes in a man's
flock he trembles and continues to trem-
ble until the trouble is over. It is a dis-
ease of obscure origin and character,
and has proven itself to be the most de-
structive of all poultry diseases. We
have known of an entire flock being
taken away by a single epidemic. Should
this disease attack your flock follow
closely the following:
The causes are, unwholesome food;
food given at irregular intervals; impure
and stagnant water as a drink; exposure
to the weather or to draughts; exposure
to the depressing noon-day sun without
As to the character, symptoms anc
treatment of cholera, I will quote fron:
H. H. Stoddard's work on "Poultry Dis
Symptoms and Diagnosis.-The dis
ease must be made out, before death
rather from its sudden epidemic char
acter than from anything else. It come,
suddenly in some cases; a fowl well to
day may be dead to-morrow, and i
whole flock may be thus rapidly carrie<
"The discharges are thought by som(
authorities to be decisive. These ar,
mild at first, are yellowish green, or lik
sulphur and water, becoming thinner
greener and more frothy as the disease
goes on, and never stopping until th
fowl is dead. 'The breathing become
heavy and fast, the crop fills with mucu
and wind; at last the food is not digest
ed, the eyes clcse, and in a few hour
the fowl dies.'
"There is weakness, sometimes ex
treme, at the commencement of the dis
ease; the fowl may even be unable t
stand well. It does not plume itself
and has a general sleepy, moping ap
pearance. At a later period the dark
thickened blood may turn the comb an(
wattles dark, or may not readily flov
through them, so that they become
"There is much fever, great thirst
and a rapid, weak pulse. Cramps ma;
occur. The fowl may die from the di
gestive disturbances, or apparently front
f paralysis of the heart or lungs, cause(
: by the poisoned blood.
S"Treatment.-You cannot save th
Lives of all those attacked, neither wi]
Sthe same treatment that is good in th
t North succeed in the South. Remov
your whole flock at once to clean quar
ters, if possible to some gravelly site tha
has never been used before for stock
Sand see that they are healthily house(
r there, and in all regards in a bealthfu
condition. Separate the sick from th
well, and if it were possible it would b
r well to have every hen, especially ever,
sick hen, have a place apart. This i
r practicable enough-with some valuable
SpeI s. If you cannot remove your flock
Sput it through a thorough cleaning an
8 dis-infecting process.
I The only successful remedy we hav
E found is Richardson's Poultry Toni(c
SFor the benefit of those who are unab]
Sto get that we will give a few remedit
r recommended in Stoddard's work.
I "Equal parts of red pepper, alun
e rosin and sulphur in three pints (
e scalded meal daily. Or two tablespoon
fuls epsom salts, four of lime and te
- drops of tincture of iron in a gallon (
d meal. A simple method, but of doubt
a ful efficacy, is to confine the fowls 1
d flour and water made into a stiff paste
l "For the well fowls, and .those n<
d very sick, Dr. Dickie recommends a fee
" of warm boiled potatoes, mashe
n with bran or wheat, or oi
, meal or barley meal and sour mill
*' mixed with a little bicarbonate of sod
' and pulverized charcpal.
e "Petroleum is much praised and
s very well worth trying; mix some dro]
s of it with the feed.
Y "The whole family of tonics and alte
Y atives may be tried in the feed, not a
e at once, but one after another; D
-" Dickie's list includes, iron, sulphur, ca;
lt enne pepper and soda. The Germn
Roup Pills, un account of their ton
n properties, are very useful in this di
e ease. Put fluid carbolate or carbolic ac
1s in the water.
ts "But for the wpll fowls the writer h
d more confidence in removal and separ
It tion than in the whole pharmacopE
d Calomel and blue mass, in two gra
c- doses, or four grains of blue mass mix(
Y, with two grains each of gum camph
t. and cayenne pepper may be given twi
is a day. This is well worth trying, f
m the reason that it may perhaps give tl
is needed fillip to the liver, and put an-ei
'- to the congestion of this organ.
re "As to pre- entive treatment nothis
c- need be added to the directions for sep
ill ration and cleaning up, combined wi
or proper and very digestible food and fre
u- dom from lice."
The South for Bee Keeping
The Southern States are unsurpass
be in their facilities for bee keeping, ev
k by the climate of California, and
he are satisfied if the way was on
g pointed out to them, that many Sout
il- ern boys and girls would be only t
id glad to follow this industry. Bee kee
se ing has been found to be profitable
7y the North as the sole industry of t
s- farm, and yet there they have few flo
to ers and must take their hives into thE
e. houses in winter to protect them agail
ys the cold. With us, on the control
flowers bloom the year around, and b(
It, make honey in December as well as
nt June. The question has hardly be
ns tested in the South, as to how profital
a bee keeping can be made, but there is
doubt it pays well enough if proper
en looked after. The trouble has been tl:
er most Southerners use the bee gum, a
P. 0. Box 158,Jacksonville, Florida, 39 W. Bay St.
Beautiful location, facing on Lake Oriole and on the South Florida Railroad.
Lands all high and dry. New settlement; between twenty-five and thirty new houses.'
A Church, Scho,-. .. ay mails, stores, bakery, saw mill and hotel. Large area already'plantedo
in orange groves. Choice building lots for winter homes for sale cheap. Ten, twenty ands
[for acre orange grove lots. A healthy settlement in a healthy State.
Call on or Address,
J. W. GROVES, or CLARKSON & ROBERTSON,
Oriole, Florida. Jacksonville, Florida
The following observations from the
Game Fanciers' Gazette will be found of
interest to breeders of improved poultry
Pullets will generally lay mnre eggs
than hens. Hence, the very f-equent
advice to kill off old hens each -ar and
keep only pullets, is followed t great
extent. This advice is, no diouotit, very
valuable to those who inten* to raise
and market hens only. .
A two-year-old hen or a three-year-old
hen will probably lay a smaller number
of eggs, but it is very doubtful if she
produces a less weight of eggs. Each
egg will be larger than those laid by her
in the first season, but the smallness of
the number will be offset by the greater
size. These larger eggs are more suita-
ble for hatching. The hen is fully ma
tured, she is in robust health, she has
her full strength, and the chicks from
her eggs will inherit from her these
characteristics. There being in the egg
a greater quantity of white, out of which
the chick is formed, and also a larger
amount of yolk, upon which its life in
the shell is supported, the chick will b(
larger when hatched and possess more
vitality, and its chances of surviving
the ills of chickenhood will be correb-
pondingly brighter. To insure a good
growth there is nothing like having
good start. The increased vigor and
size at the start will follow the chick al
through its course, and the matured
fowl will be larger and stronger therefore
It is the practice of a well known
breeder of light Brahmas to keep over
year after year, his strong robust hens
So long as they lay eggs enough to pro
duce a good brood of chicks they ar
considered worthy of preservation. Thi
breeder's strain of light Brahma's i
noted for its great size, and while it may
well be doubted if it would be generally
profitable to keep hens until they ar
five or six years old, it would be profit
ble to follow his example to the exten
of only breeding Irom matured hens.
It is not to be denied that pullets ofte
prove fine breeders, especially where
they are hatched early the previous
year, but probably these same pullet
Should prove still better breeders if use
for that purpose the following year. ]
is reasonable to expect that such should
Sbe the fact, and the observation and ex
perience of poultry breeders generally
will tend to prove that such is the fac
The wise breeder will not kill off all h
t old hens, but will retain the best of then
I for his choicest breeding pens, using h
3 finest pullets for laying stock, and re
; serving them for breeders when they ai
- two and three years old. He will prac
twice what he preaches, and his text wi
be, "Pullets for layers, old hens f(
Breeders, and strong chicks as the natu
w I. N *. JUSTICE
Wholesale Commission Merchant,
NO. 313 NORTH WATER STREET, PHILADELPHIA.
Specialties: SOUTHERN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Consignments Solicited. Return,
made on day of sale.
S J.0-. C. BLOCTjNT,
Orange Groves, Town Lots in Bartow, Winter Haven, Haskell, Punta Gorda and Charlotte-
Harbor, for Sale. Unimproved Lands, in small and large tracts, at $2.50 per acre, up. Choice ten
and forty acre tracts of good, high, rolling Pine Lands, near S. F. R. R. delpt, at $20 to $85 per
acre. All property guaranteed to be as represented or money refunded.
iEP Money Loans, well secured, negotiated at 15 per cent, net, to the lender.
When fumigating a poultry house b
careful to close it tightly. EVery crac
and opening must be stopped, or tl
work will be useless. After getting
ready, pour a little alcohol on the su
phur, touch a lighted match to it an
shut the door. Do not open the house
for an hour. Sulphur gas is very heavy
and falls to the floor, hence, it is nece
sary to use plenty of sulphur, so as
have a dense volume to fill the house
Drive out the fowls, as the gas destroy
all forms of life.-American Farm.
A writer recommends lime and sal
mixed with soft feed, as an excelled
remedy for chicken cholera. He claim
that he entirely stopped its ravages in
flock in a few days by its use.
iree kernels of black pepper giv<
Sens with catarrh, every oth
his person was Edward Layton's fea-
"What was the nature of the relations,"
id Mrs. Rutland, "between this gentle-
nan and my dear son Eustace I do not
now. All that I do know is that they"
*ere in association with each other, and,
am afraid not to a good end. It came
[so, by some strange means, to the
knowledge of my husband, and a frightful
scene occurred between him and Edward
ayton, in which Mabel's lover was dis-
nissed from the house. My husband
withdrew the consent he had given to the
engagement, and used words which, often
rnce when I have thought of them, have
nade me shudder, they were so unneces-
arily cruel and severe. 'If from this
ay,' my husband said to the young gen-
leman, 'you pursue my daughter with
our attentions, you will be playing a base
nd dishonorable part. If you wish me to
urn my daughter from my house, you
an by your actions bring about this re-
ult. But bear in mind, should it come
o pass, that she will go from my presence
vith my curse upon her-a beggar! I am
ot ignorant of my duties with respect to
ny children. I have not been sparing of
ove toward them. Hard I may be when
my feelings are strongly roused, but I
m ever just. In the secrets that are
being hidden from me there is, I
m convinced, some degrading and
hamcful element; otherwise it is
ot possible that you should conspire
o keep them from me. If the mat-
er upon which you are engaged were
honorable, there would be no occasion to
keep it from my knowledge. Do not for-
get that you have it in your power to
vreck not only my daughter's ,happiness,
but her mother's and mine, if that con-
ideration will have any weight with you.'
There was much more than this, to which .
Mr. Edward Layton listened with a sad
patience which deepened my pity for him.
Hie bore, without remonstrance, all the
)bloquies that were heaped upon him by
my unhappy husband, who soon after-
yard left the room with the injunction
that Mr. Layton was on no account to be
allowed an interview with my daughter.
Then Mr. Layton said to me, 'I must bear
t. If the happiness of my life is lost it
will be through the deep, the sacred love
I bear for your child. I devote not only
the dearest hopes of my life, but my life
itself, to her catuse. Fate is against ta.
A man can do no more than his duty.' "
From that day to this Mabel's mother
has never seen Edward Layton. When
she heard of his marriage into a family
whose position in society was to say the
least equivocal, she was in great distress,
fearing the effect the news would have
upon her dear daughter. Mabel Rutland
suffered deeply, but during that time of
anguish she appeared. to summoni to her
aid a certain fortitude and resignation
which served her in good stead. It as-
tonished her mother one day to hear her
"Do not blame Edward, mamma; he
is all that is good and noble. Although
he is another lady's husband, and al-
though our lives can never be united, as
we had once hoped, I shall ever love and
"Time will bring comfort to you, my
darling," said the mother, "and it may
be that there is still a happy fate in store
for you. You may meet with' another
man, around whom no mystery hangs, to
whom your heart will be drawn.
"Never, mamma," replied Mabel. "I
shall never marry now." ">
What most grievously disturbed Mrs.
Rutland was the circumstance that, even
within a few weeks.of Edward Layton's
marriage he corresponded with her daugh-
ter. Her father was not aware of this.
Hte usually rose late in the morning,'
and it devolved upon Mrs. Rutland to re-
ceive the correspondence which came by
the first post. The letters that Edward
Layton wrote to Mabel were invariably
posted at night, from which it would ap-
pear that th9 young moan was aware thglt
they would fall into the hands of Mabel'sf
mother, and that Mr. Rutland, unless he
were made acquainted with the fact, was
not likely otherwise to discover it. When
Mrs. Rutland gave her daughter the first
letter from Mr. Layton Mabel said to
"Do not be alarmed, mamma. This
letter is in reply, to one I wrote to Mr.
Layton. I may have other letters from
him which I beg you to give me without
papa's knowing. It may appear wrong to
you, but it is really not so. Everything
is being done for the best, as perhaps yot
will one day learn."
Sad at heart as Mrs. Rutland was, she
had too firm a trust in her daughter's in-
nate purity and sense of self respect notto
believe what she said, both in its letter
and in its spirit, and thus it was that the
secret of this correspondence was also
kept from Mr. Rutland. By pursuing
the -course she did, Mrs. Rutland pre-'
served, to some extent, peace -in the
Thus matters went on for two years,
until Eustace Rutland's wild conduct pro-
duced a terrible disturbance. His absences
from home had grown more frequent and
prolonged; he became dreadfully involved,
and Mr. Rutland received letters and
visits from money lenders (a class of men
that he abhorred) in connection with his
son's proceedings. Incensed beyond en-
durance, he banished Eustace from the
house, and forbade him ever again to enter
"It seemed to be fated," said Mrs. Rut-
land, "'that there should be always some-
thing is our family that it was necessary
to conceal from my husband's knowledge.
He banished Eustace from home, but that
did not weaken my love for our dear lad.
Three times during the past year I have
seen Eustace, and I have not made my
husband, acquainted with the fact.- What
could I do? Had I asked his permission
he would have sternly refused it, and had
I told him that I could not resist the im-
pulse of my heart to fold my dear ,boy in
my arms, it would only have made mat-
ters worse for all of us."
[TO BE CONTINUED.] :
Dipping strawberry roots and the roots
of other plants liable to be eaten by out
worms and grubs, into a solution of Paris
green or other arsenical poison of the
strength elsewhere described, will pro-
tect the roots from this pest,.
mon some other physician in whom you w
have greater confidence." nV
"I have the fullest confidence in you," st
said Mr. Rutland. h
"You have not shown it," was Dr. tr
Daincourt's rejoinder. "It is as though w
you have determined that you, and not I, d
shall be your daughter's physician." tc
However, he allowed himself to be pre- f(
vailed upon to pay Miss Rutland yet an- fa
other visit. But he gave his consent only v
upon the express stipulation that it should a
be his last unless Mr. Rutland placed b
him in possession of information which ti
would enable him to fully understand the c,
I come now to this fourth interview, a
which was pregnant with results. fE
Upon presenting himself at the house he b
was received by Mrs. Rutland, who said i
to him: i]
"My husband has consented that I c
should tell you all you desire to know s
with respect to our dear child." t
"You have prevailed upon him to con- t
sent," said Dr. Daincourt. f
"Yes," replied Mrs. Rutland, "I have, g
thank God! prevailed upon him to con- t
sent. Dear doctor, you will save my c
child, will you not?" r
"I will do all that lies in my power," v
said Dr. Daincourt.
"What is it you wish to know?" asked h
"Everything that concerns your daugh- i
ter," said Dr. Daincourt, "with respect to c
her disposition, habits, likings and affec- I
tions. She has a terrible weight upon her a
mind, and you must certainly have some a
suspicion of the cause. You may have
more than a suspicion, you may have a a
positive knowledge. You must hide noth- d
ing from me. Unless you are prepared to
be absolutely and entirely frank min your 1
disclosures, I cannot undertake to con-
tinue my visits. You are or mother- t
you love her tenderly?"
'I love her with all my heart and soul,"
said Mrs. Rutland, weeping. "If my
daughter is taken from me I shall not care
"In deep sincerity, then," said Dr.
Daincourt, "I declare to you that you
may be acting as your daughter's enemy
instead of her friend if you do not open
your heart and mind to me freely and
without restraint. Relate as briefly as
you can, without omitting important
points, the story of her life."
It was a simple, touching story which
Mrs. Rutland disclosed, fragrant with all
that is sweetest in woman. The Rutlands
have but two children, Mabel and Eu-
stace, who came into the world within a
few minutes of each other. Between
these children existed a most profound
and devoted love, and to tear Eustace
away from Mabel was like tearing the
girl's heartstrings. The lad's love was
the weaker of the two, as is usually the
cas but he nevertheless adored his sister,
wh repaid him tenfold for all the affec-
tio -e lavished upon her. They grew up
to her, shared each other's pleasures,
ha and innocent methods of com-
Sml g with each other which afford-
edH intense delight, and were insep-
ar mtil they reached the age of 18,
wh, ustace went to college. Hitherto
his studies had been conducted at home, a
Some of peace and harmony and love; for,
stern and implacable as Mr. Rutland was,
She loved his children and his wife; but he
t loved something else equally well-his
Honor and his good name. While Eustace
i was absent at college, he and Mabel corre-
s sponded regularly.
"But said the mother, "neither mY
- husband nor myself wa evbz- le to
t understand Eustace's letters to his sister.
e They were always written in the form of
- mystery letters. It had been their favor-
Site amusement when they were children
- to discover and invent new methods of
- corresponding with each other, of which
I .only t+hey possessed the secret. 'There,
s mamma,' Mabel would say, with a laugh,
1 giving me one of my dear Eustace's let-
. ters from college, 'read that!' But it
e might as well have been written in Greek
- for anything that I could make of it.
h Words and figures were jumbled to-
s gether, without any meaning in them that
o I could discover, and the entire page was
t a perfect puzzle. Then Mabel would take
e the letter from me, and read it off as eas-
e ily as possible; and I remember her say-
e ing once, 'If Eustace and I ever have any
real secrets, mamma, we shall be able to
( tell them to each other through the post,.
t without any person in the world being one
r bit the wiser.' Little did I think that
o the time' would arrive when her words
t would bear a fatal meaning."
n Eustace, then, being at college and
e Mabel at home, it unfortunately happened
t that the lad fell into evil ways. He got
d mixed up with bad companions. The
e hours that should have been employed in
n study were wasted in gambling and dissi-
s pation, and his career at college was by no
s means creditable. His father had set his
e heart upon Eustace obtaining honors at
Oxford, and he was sorely and bitterly
- disappointed when the reports of his son's
t proceedings reached him. Unfortunately
d these reports did not come to his ears un-
E- til much mischief had been done, and it
was at about this time that Eustace re-
b- turned home, declaring that he would
11 never go back to college..
e At about this time, also, momentous
events were occurring in Mabel's life. A
h beautiful girl, with an amiable and sweet
t- disposition, with most winning ways and
r. with a wealthy father moving in a good
s social position, it was aot to be wondered
w at that she had suitors for her.hand; but
d there were only two whose affection for
o her was regarded seriously by the family.
r. One of these was Mr. Edward Layton, the
r. other Mr. Archibald Laing.
is Mabel's father favored the suitof Arch-
- bald Laing; Mabel's uncle, the gentle-
s man who was upon the jury in the trial,
favored the suit of Edward Layton. He
e was never weary of sounding the young
d man's praises, and it may be that this
e rather strengthened Mabel's father against
g Edward Layton. However, the young
lady had decided for herself. She had
r. given her heart to Edward Layton, and
is there grew between them an absorbing
a- and devoted attachment.
is While these matters. were in progress
d both Archibald Laing and Edward Lay-
ton were admitted freely to the house,
to and thus they had equal chances. But
a- when the lady whom two men are in love
farmer understands what drilling in the
seed meana. In some sections what is
known as the "double row system" is
A plan of drill culture that works well
on light, dry upland is termed the "fur-
row system." The field is prepared in the
usual manner, and at planting time is
laid off and thrown up into five feet beds,
it being designed to plant the furrows be-
tween the beds. The main object is to
insure the moisture the crop may need.
The fertilizer is sown in the bottom of
the furrows and mixed with the soil; the
grain is then dropped and covered by a
corn planter or otherwise. The subse-
quent cultivation is done with shovels or
cultivators, which will gradually level
down the surface of the beds, returning
the soil to the corn.
The system of checking corn, largely
adopted in the northern and western
'gami yd ran d4.
FOR HONOR'S SAKE.
By B. L. FARJEON,
Author of "Great Porter Square," "The
Bright Star of Life," Etc.
PART THE FIRST.
THE TRIAL OF EDWARD LAYTON.
I thank you for the information con-
tained in your last cable. It gives me an
insight into the generous motives which
have prompted you to step forward on
Edward Layton's behalf, and I am grati-
fied in being associated with you in the
cause. When a counsel finds himself en
rapport with his client, it is generally of
assistance to him; he works with a better
Three days have passed since I wrote
and dispatched to you the second portion
of the narrative of my proceedings and
progress. I was waiting anxiously for
something to occur-I could not exactly
say what-which would serve as an abso-
lute stepping stone. Something has oc-
curred which, although I have not yet
discovered the key to it, will, I believe,
prove to be of the utmost importance.
You will understand later on what I mean
by my use of the word "key;" and when
I tell you that'this which I call the step-
ping stone is nothing more or less than
the nine of hearts, you will give me credit
for my prescience on the first production
of that card in the criminal court. I felt
convinced that it would be no insignifi-
cant factor in the elucidation of the Lay-
I may say here that the progress we
have made is entirely due to Dr. Dain-
court. What I should have done had he
not been unexpectedly called in to our
assistance, it is difficult to say. I should
not have been idle, but it is scarcely likely
that, within so short a time, my actions
would have led to the point we have now
reached. Dr. Daincourt has allowed him-
self to be prompted by me to a certain
extent, and his interest in his beautiful
patient has been intensified by the friend-
ship existing between us, and by the es-
teem we both entertain for Edward Lay-
In accordance with the promise Dr.
Daincourt gave to Mr Rutland, he called
upon that gentleman on the day following
his first visit to the house. During the
interval Miss Rutland's condition had not
improved; it had, indeed, grown worse.
There was an aggravation of the feverish
symptoms, and her speech was wild and
incoherent. Perhaps it would be more
correct to say that it was wild and inco-
herent to those wlp were assembled at her
bedside. I hold to the theory that there is
a method in dreanis, and I also hold to the
theory that there is a method in the wild-
est utterances produced by the wildest de-
lirium. I speak, of course, as a lawyer.
Dr. Daincourt's position with respect tc
Miss Rutland was that of a physician.
Had I heard the words uttered by Miss
Rutland in her fevered state, I do nol
doubt that my legal training would hav(
enabled me to detect what was hidder
from Dr. Daincourt and the young lady'f
During this, second visit to Miss Rut.
land, her father requested Dr. Daincourl
to give him a private interview, in th(
course of which he elicited from the doe.
tor an accentuation of the views whicl
Dr. Daincourt had expressed on the pre
vious day. Mr. Rutland made a vain at
tempt to combat these views. He would
have been glad to be assured that hi
daughter was suffering from a physica
and not from a mental malady; but Dr
Daincourt was positive, and was not tob(
moved from his conviction. He empha
sized his inability to treat the case with
any hope of success, and he repeated hif
belief, if Miss Rutland were allowed t(
continue in her present condition without
any effort being made to arrive at th<
cause of her mental suffering, that there
could be but one result-death before thi
end of the year.
At the commencement of this interview
between Mr. Rutland and Dr. Daincour
Mrs. Rutland was not present, but afte:
it had lasted some twenty minutes or s,
her anxiety became so overpowering tha
she knocked at the door of the room ii
which the conversation was taking placid
) and begged to be admitted. The issue a
stake was so grave that Mr. Rutlan(
could not refuse, and thus it was that sh
. was present when Dr. Daincourt spoke i
plain terms of the serious condition of hi
beautiful patient. The mother's distress
Swas pitiable, but it appeared to produce
Sno impression upon her husband.
"And yet," said Dr. Daincourt, in nar
rating the affair to me, "I am sure tha
Mr. Rutland was inwardly suffering, am
* I am also sure that he has a sincere al
Section for his daughter."
S The.interview terminated by Mr. Rut
, land requesting Dr. Daincourt to cal
Again the next day, to which request th
f doctor gave a reluctant assent.
I He called on the following day, wit.
Sthe same result. Again he saw the pa
Stint; again he had an interview with Mi
t Rutland, at which Mrs. Rutland wa
Present; again he emphasized his viei
- of the young lady's condition; an
, again Mr. Rutland requested him t
T pay another visit upon his daughter
SDr. Daincourt objected. He told Mr
- Rutland that, as matters stood, hi
visits were useless, and that in the al
sence of necessary information it was hi
distinct wish to be relieved from them.
"And I feel it my duty," he said to th
V father, "to inform you that if you inten
Sto do nothing further than it seems to m
Sis your present intention, you are playing
y with your daughter's life."
These were grave words to use, but Di
Daincourt is no ordinary man. Hi
Knowledge and experience lead him ii
Stuitively to correct conclusions, and in h:
1 professional capacity he will not be trifle
S "In these circumstances," he said t
Mr. Rutland, "I must beg of you to sun
ates and also common in the valley ot
irginia, admits of cultivation in two di-
ctions-direct and across-and has the
]vantage of saving all hoe labor, in addi-
on to giving the plants a better oppor-
nity for sun and air.
At the east large areas of corn are usu-
ly sown in drills, and corn planters and
cultivators are adopted. That culture is
early gaining advocates and the old*hill
stem is gradually disappearing.
I SILO I
GROUND LINE IN FRONT
CROSS SECTION OF BARN VTH SILO.
four days elapsing between fillings.
When all was in, it was left about
a week, when it was leveled and
covered with building paper, with boards
on top of paper, and after several days
four inches of earth was put on. Opened
the silo and commenced feeding the mid-
dle of January. Found it in very good
condition with the exception of some at
the corners, where the boarding joining
the wall was not perfect. The ensilage
was quite sour, but the cattle ate it
ravenously, preferring it to almost any
other feed, and there was an increase in
the flow of milk about five per cent. Some
friends who were skeptical in regard to
the ensilage making good butter acknow-
ledged, after tasting it, that it was as good
as from any other feed. This farmer has a
farm of 110 acres and has been able to
keep forty head of stock by buying some
mill feed. With ensilage, he thinks he
can double the number of stock. This
year he contemplates fitting up both wings
of his cow barn, making two silos twenty-
eight by eleven feet and fifteen feet -deep,
which he estimates will hold about 170
tons. He will be particular to make the
silos air tight.
Vine growers, in regions where mildew
often prevails, are advised by Vick, in his
magazine for May, to make trial of the
following remedies: Thirty-five pounds oi
sulphate of copper dissolved in fifty-three
gallons of water, thirty-three pounds of
quick lime slaked in eight gallons of
water; the lime and water mixture is then
poured into the solution of copper. In
using, keep the mixture well stirred. It
can be applied to the foliage with a whisk
broom. The treatment should be com-
menced soon after the foliage is well out,
and be repeated so as to protect the later
foliage. The quantities of the substances
can be changed while preserving the pro
< KOHL RABI.-
" It is cultivated by'sowing the seeds in
S rows in May, June and July, according to
the latitude. Sow in rows eighteen inches
apart, and thin out as may be desired.
When young the flesh of the vegetable is
tender and resembles ar fine rutabaga,
with less of the turnip flavor. When fully
matured it becomes too tough for 'the
table and makes excellent food for stock.
,In the Cornfield.
Each year the cultivation of corn grows
less deep and ridged. By drilling in the
seed and giving shallow culture some of
Sthe largest corn yields on record have been
obtained. Two common methods now in
y;- ogue are drilling and checking. Every-
To Cure a Horse of Kicking.
The simple prescription here given has
the endorsement of a prominent authority
in such matters: "If you have a horse
that is in the habit of kicking, put him in
a narrow stall that has both sides thickly
padded. Suspend a sack filled with hay
or straw so that it will strike his heels,
and let horse and sack fight it out. Be
sure to have things arranged so that the
horse cannot hurt himself. The sack will
be victorious every time, and in the end
the horse will absolutely refuse to kick
the sack or anything else."
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, JUNE 15, 1887.
44OW TO MAKE A SATISFACTORY
SILO AT SMALL EXPENSE.
All About Kohl Rabi-Condition of Cat-
tie-Important Points uin Field and
Garden Culture-A New and Early Pole
Catalogued among novelties this season
in vegetables by seedmen in various sec-
tions of the country is the early cluster
golden wax pole bean shown in the cut.
goe wxp i
GOLDEN WAX BEAN.
Vick says of it: "Its points of excel-
lence are such that we are confident its
advent will be hailed with satisfaction by
both market men and private gardeners.
It is earlier than any other pole variety,
following ten days after the Dwarf Golden
Wax. The vine makes a rapid, healthy
growth, bearing clusters of three to six
large pods of rich golden color. The pods
average about eight inches in length and
are exceedingly tender and plump. As
the flavor is also delicate and the pods
stringless, it is not excelled as a snap bean.
Unlike many pole beans, it is very pro-
ductive, continuing to bear, if the pods are
picked, until frost. The showy appear-
ance and cooking qualities of this bean,
with its great productiveness, will com-
mend it as an excellent and profitable va-
riety for market."
The Cattle of the Country.
The latter part of this winter was severe
on the stock in the Atlantic states as far
south as the Carolinas. The average by
states, however, varies but little from
that of last year. According to Statisti
elan Dodge the cattle of the New England
states are in generally good condition
The states north and westward from thE
Ohio to the Missouri rivers show an aver
age condition as regards flesh and free
dom from disease. Shelter .and food ar
provided as required, and losses are re
duced to a minimum. Condition is hfigI
In California and Oregon, both bein!
slightly above the average. The cattle or
the ranges suffered severely from the in
clemency of the winter, and the results o
the season will more strongly than eve
impress upon herd owners the necessity
even from a financial point of view, o
providing sufficient shelter against th
dreaded blizzards and of supplying them
selves with forage for more winter feed
The lbses of the past year were mor
severe than usual, owing in some mes
sure to the hard winter. Deaths fror
exposure were a very large item in th
total loss, and were heavy in some of th
range sections. In Georgia and Texa
starvation was a fruitful cause of death
while In the latter state the drought pro
duced great loss. Cattle have been com
paratively free from serious diseases i
most sections. The dreaded pleuro pneu
monia has appeared in a number of count
ties, mostly' near large cities in the easi
to Which the infection is generally traced
Kohl Rabi, or Turnip Cabbage.
Kohl rabi, sometimes called turnip cab
bage, is-a vegetable intermediate between
the cabbage and the turnip. In Europe
has long been prized, not only as a veg
, table for the table, but as an excellent
feed for stock. Of recent years our lea.
ing seedmen have included several varii
ties of Kohl rabi in their catalogues, an
our cultivators are beginning to test ii
uses-more especially as a general crop t
be used in feeding stock.
Points in Pea Culture.
At the New York Experiment station,
during tests made in pea culture, the fol-
lowing points were noted: Permitting the
seed of peas to sprout before planting in-
dicated an advantage in the earliness of
the first pods of three to eight days. The
position of the seeds in the pods did not
appear to have any influence on the re-
sultant plants. A slight promotion of
earliness-three or four days-was noted
as the effect of pinching the terminal
shoots. Mulching the soil lightly between
the rows of peas with straw retarded the
attack of mildew very perceptibly. August
12 the mulched rows were free from mil-
dew, while unmulched rows planted at
the same time were entirely enveloped.
The idea is quite prevalent that a silo
must be of masonry and very substantial
and expensive in order to gain paying re-
sults. Such, however, is not the case.
Many silos are now being built in the in-
terior of the big barn, using a whole or
part of a bay. According to Prairie Far-
mer nearly five times as much forage can
be put into a given space in the form of
ensilage as can be stored in the same
space if the same crop is dried-fifty
cubic feet of ensilage weighing a ton-500
feet or more are requisite for a ton of hay.
A Minnesota correspondent in the jour-
nal quoted from tells how he took part of
one wing of his barn, which is eleven feet
wide in the clear, for a silo by way of ex-
periment. There was a stone w#ll on one
side and one end seven feet high, with
framework extending eight or nine feet
above it. This he studded up with two
by six-inch studding, and double boarded
wivh building paper between. This was
filled with large ensilage corn (slightly
frost bitten) cut to one-half inch lengths.
It was put in pretty fast about half
way up, and well tramped. After that it
vas filled in more slowly, indeed three or
vith makes up her mind, the chances are T
o longer equal. It was not without a tt
struggle that Archibald Laing abandoned
is pretensions. From what afterward st
transpired he could not have loved Mabel mr
nith less strength than Edward Layton k
id. It was no small sacrifice on his part w
o relinquish his hopes of winning Mabel I
or his wife, more especially when her a]
father was on his side. There were-inter- al
dews of an affecting nature between him se
nd Mabel. There were interviews, also, L
between him and Edward Layton. The en
wo men had been friends long before they w
ame into association with Mabel Rut- el
and, and it speaks well for the generosity si
nd nobility of their natures that this af- n
air of the heart-the like of which has s9
een the cause of bitter feuds from time d
mnmemorial-did not turn their friendship t]
nto enmity. In the estimate of their y
characters at this period Archibald Laing a
howed the higher nobility, for the reason t
hat it devolved upon him to make volun- c.
ary and heartrending sacrifice. He in- s,
ormed the young lady's parents that he t(
;ave up all hope of obtaining their daugh- w
er's hand, and at the same time he de- n
lared thgt if it ever lay in his power to n
ender Mabel or Edward Layton a ser- l
vice, he would not hesitate to render it, n
whatever might be the cost. Nobly has a
he redeemed this pledge, b
He suffered much-to such an extent, a
ndeed, that he determined to leave the sl
country, and find a home in another land. n
Ie bade the Rutlands farewell by letter, t
md sailed for America, where he settled, t
and realized an amazing fortune. h
The field was thus left free for Mabel k
and Edward. Mr. Rutland was seriously g
displeased. He had been thwarted in a \
wish that was very dear to him, and b
he was not the kind of man to for- s
get the defeat. Although Edward Lay- T
ton was allowed to come to the house,
Mr. Rutland received him without favor, p
and it was only upon the imploring I
and repeated solicitations of his wife o
and daughter that he consented to an
engagement between the young peo-
ple. It was a half hearted consent, and t
caused t-hem some unhappiness. More
than once he declared in their presence, 'r
and in the presence of his wife, that if i
anything ever occurred which would cast
the slightest shadow of doubt or dishonor
upon Edward Layton, no power on earth
should induce him to allow the marriage i
to take place. It was not necessary for
him to' impress upon them that, above
everything else in the world, he was
jealous of his good name. They knew
this well enough, and were in a certain
sense proud in the knowledge, because the
stainless reputation he bore reflected
honor upon themselves. But they did not
see the cloud that was hanging above
them. It gathered surely and steadily,
and brought with it terrible, events, in the
whirlpool of which the happiness of
Mabel and Edward was fated to be in-
The cause lay not in themselves. It lay
in Eustace Rutland. It was he who was
responsible for all.
He was in Londod, in partial disgrace
with his father. He was without a
career; he had already contracted vicious
and idle habits; he was frequently from
home; and although his father questioned
him severely, he would give no truthful
account of his movements and proceed-
ings. Some accounts he did give, but his
father knew instinctively that they were
false or evasive. As he could obtain no
satisfaction from his son, Mr. Rutland,
aware of the perfect confidence which ex-
isted between Eustace and Mabel, applied
to her for information; 4ut she would not
utter one word to her brother's hurt. Her
father could extract nothing fromher, and
there gradually grew within him an idea
that there was a conspiracy against him
in his own home, a conspiracy in which
Edward Layton was the principal agent.
It was natural, perhaps, that he should
think more hardly of this stranger than
of his own children.
Had he set a watch upon his son, he
might havgmade discoveries which would
have been of service to all, and which
might have averted terrible consequences.
But proud and self willed as he was, it did
not occur to him to do anything which in
his view savored of meanness. His son
Eustace went his way, therefore, to sure
and certain ruin. When he was absent
from home he corresponded regularly with
his sister; and Mr. Rutland sometimes
demanded to see this correspondence.
"You can make nothing of it, papa,"
said Mabel. "Eustace and I do' not cor-
respond like other people."
He insisted, nevertheless, upon seeing
these letters, and Mabel showed them to
him. As he could not understand them,
he demanded that she should read them
intelligently to him; but it being a fact
that there was always something in Eus-
tace's correspondence which would deepen
his father's anger against him, the young
girl refused to read them. This, as may
be supposed, did not tend to pacify Mr.
Rutland. It intensified the bitterness of,
his heart toward those whom he believed
were conspiring against him? He applied
to Edward Layton.
"You are in my daughter's confidence,"
he said to the young man, "and as you
have wrung from me a-reluctant consent
to an engagement with her, I must ask
you to give me the information which she
withholds from me."
He met with another rebuff. Edward
Layton declared that he would not violate,
the confidence which Mabel had reposed '
in him. At one time Mr. Rutland said to
"My son has been absent from home
for several days. Have you seen him?"
"Yes, sir," replied Edward, "I have
seen him.' '
But he would say nothing further.
He was in a most painful position.
Mabel had extracted from him a solemn
promise that he would reveal nothing
without her consent, and he was stead-
fastly loyal to her. He had another rea-
son for his silence, and, in the light of
that reason, and of the feelings which
Mr. Rutland harbored toward him, he
felt that the happiness he hoped would be
his was slipping from him.
The explanation of this other reason,
which unhappily was a personal one,
brings upon the scene a person who played
a brief but pregnant part in this drama of
real life, and who is now in his grave.
J. W. SMITH,
, Sergt. Signal Corps, U. S. A.
JACKSONVILTLE, June 7,1887.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. JUNE 15, 1887.
at once be taken in the United States make themii unfit for seed, but did not and presented a scene on which the eye
Court to test the legality of the removal, affect the quantity or quality of the syr- loves to linger.
Ocala's ablest lawyers say that the town up they yielded." We crossed the dark Withlacoochee at
has a clear case and are of the opinion Interposing, I said to my old friend, Pemberton's Ferry, and then onward
that she can not only get the return of who had not only recognized me, but towards Macon, about ten miles further,
the school but the full amount of the brought himself to my memory: "Doc- the train frightened up a lot of white
claim urged and every cent the State has tor, I am unwilling to be mistaken on cranes, about one hundred in number,
appropriated for it since its removal, this point; will I be justified in quoting that were feeding on the edge of a lake.
with interest attached. Ocala will now you as saying that during the seventeen They were a beautiful sight with their
fight it out on that line. years you obtained satisfactory crops great white wings spread, sailing
-Mr. A. H. Merrill, who i experiment- from one planting, no parl of which you through the air, as if bound for the re-
ing with a fig bush which he got from ever replanted?" "No," replied the Doc- gions beyond.
the seeds from dried figs, several men- tor, "I did nt say recisely that. The Hernando county hak a soil superior
teions of which have been given in the Senator inquired about the destructive to much of our Florida lands. Macon is
Journal, is jubilant o er the fact that his effect of frost, and I said it had never just stepping into her place as a town,
pet tree has quite a number of fine speci- affected the growth of the cane or its but many groves were started in the vi-
mens of fruit which herdiscovered yes- yield of saccharine matter, but there are cinity long ago. and they are such as
terday. The plant is growingviorousy other enemies to cane fields than frost, would gladden the eye of any one, and
and The fru nt has everyowpavigorously Bears are very fond of sugar-cane, as are especially the owner. Mr. Eastman, who
being in a most thrifty condition. Mr. some other vermin. I more than once lives near the town, is experimenting in
Merrill is having better luck with his ex- had to replant small 'patches which grape culture, and the gardens every-
periment than that hadeby Captain Me- ad been rooted up" where speak well for the soil, Macon is
n hhpI naturally lingered with the Doctor to be quite a railroad centre." The South
Donald, of Longwood, who has a similar for the latest boat to depart for the tug, Florida, Orange Belt Route and F. R.
fig tree ten years old which has never that I might obtain his opinion on some & N. will all make a point here. A
frui ted.-Sanford Journal. points which, in my opinion, are of new hotel, kept by Mr. Beam, has ample
-Everything points to a splendid time great economic importance at this time. accommodations. And it is quite possi-
at our Fourth of July celebmation,the re- I am at liberty to quote him as enter- ble that it may yet rival its Georgia
gatta being the prominent feature. We taining no doubt as to the capability of namesake. The orange business takes
wish those few of our State exchanges growing, with sugar, tobacco-equal to the the first place here as elsewhere, and
that have said that the regatta on July 4 best Cuban leaf, and rice. and indigo, bids fair to fulfill all expectations.
would be at Oleander Point would cor- both of high grade. He is confident that One trouble with the desirable places
rect it as the race will be sailed at Titus- all these commodities will soon be quoted in Florida is that they are not well ad-
ville, which is situated on the finest body a8 among Florida's annual staple crops, vertised. Most of the advertisements
of water in the State. Excursions will and that when capital shall erect sugar going the rounds of the papers, are those
be so arranged that people from differ- houses with improved appliances, and of unscrupulous persons, who have
ent sections of the State can visit here put them in charge of experienced su- bought up a lot of cheap land, and
and return same day if they choose, or perintendents, Florida farmers will sup- wanting to boom it, advertise great in-
can stop over for a day or so. Either ply them with ample stores of cane, bet- ducements to all who will invest in their
way we expect to make it as pleasant for ter than ever was cut in Louisiana, "town," when in fact there is no town,
them as we can.-Titusville Star. AT CITY POINT. and all their offered inducements are
" .without foundation. This is doing great
S, --- As so little is known of the agricultu- harm to the State, but should not pre-
JUDGE KELLEY IN FLORIDA. ral capacity of Southern Florida, Iwill, vent others from telling the truth and
at the risk of being regarded as tedious, giving correct information in regard
adduce the testimony of one more wit- to their section.
His Account of Men and Thin s ness, whose character and experience All should bear this in mind, that false
on the Indian River. are vouched for by R. P. Paddison, an representations will be of no lasting
,accomplished gentleman, and the cour- benefit to the State, or to those who
(Continued from last number.) teous commander of the finest boat in make them. If travelers over the State
With the full and well considered the service of the Indian River Steam- would stay long enough in some of its
statements of Mr. Stuart, more than con- boat Company. City Point Landing, on healthy and productive localities, which
firming the favorable impressions I had the west bank of the Indian river, is on can be found in portions of all the coun-
derived from my visits to the farms re- the farm of 'Mr. A. L. Hatch, an old ties in Florida, they would soon be con-
ferred to, I sought a new field of inves- Floridian, who combines with the care vinced that this is the garden spot of our
tigation, and turned my attention from of his farm and landing, large dealings Union. California has done her best to
the lake country to the natural alluvial in general merchandise. .As we. ap- -entice visitors to her borders the past
fields of middle and lower Florida. preached the Point, Captain Paddison, year. An-I we hope the hotels and rail-
Rock Ledge. on the Indian river, in resDonse to my request for accurate rods in Florida will make as great an
seemed to be a good point from which to information, invited me to visit Mr. effort the coming season, and offer the
make this investigation. The immense Hatch's farm while the freight waiting best inducements, and it is possible to
hotel at Rock Ledge is surrounded, ex- on the landing should be taken aboard, offer many. There is no doubt but this
cept on its river front, by groves of or-, and notified the passengers generally would be successful in turning the tide
ange trees, the fruit of which is larger, that they could go ashore for fifteen of travel to our borders, to our great
of. a richer hue and more delicious minutes. I financial gain.
flavor than any found in the groves of As at Dr. Wittfeld's farm, shells and That the climate of Florida is, in many
Louisiana, California or in Florida else- pebbles covered the surface near the respects, superior to that of California,
where than in what is known as. the In- river; so, too, as we ascended the first is known to all who have any experi-
dian river country. Indeed, it appears ridge we found the soil to be black veg- mental knowledge of both States. .I
to'be conceded that this section of coun- etable loam, quite like the re'laimed heard a lady remark that she had been
try ls justly pre-eminent for the excel- land around the lakes. The con trv" t6 to California three winters, but never
lence of its oranges and all kindred the west appeared to be a'succe ioh of experienced the relief she had obtained
fruits. Here, too, we are in the pine- valleys and ridges ascendingA? the by taing here one winter, and hence-
apple and banana country as well hs westward, both hill and 9 ibeingforth this would bt her winter home.
that of orchids, resurrertion grass-a4_d covered thickly with the0 and Personal experience is what is wanted,
other wonderful parasites, varied foliage, flowers, and tyh soms for that is something that others can
ONand fruitof lower Florida. TiMLould i rely upon. Hundreds, yes thousands, of
ON MERRITTS ISLAND; not permit an elaborate examiion of the afflicted are hoping to find a place
Joining a party which embraced Sen- this farm, but brief as was our stay, I of refuge, where they may escape the se-
ators Morrill and Plumb, with the ladies Was able to see that it was nearly a du- verities of another Northern winter.
of their families, I went by boat to the plicate of Dr. Wittfeld's. Shall We not open wide our doors for
farm of Dr. William Wittfeld, at Geor- What I saw whetted my appetite for Shem?
giana. Our steamboat, though .but a more and'for more definite information, REED
clever tug, could not land us, but bat- and on arriving at Jacksonville I ad- PITMAN, Fla.
tedus were ready to carry us to the dressed a letter of general inquiry to ___ o, F.
-shore. It was an agreeable surprise to Captain Paddison as to the productions
find in the proprietor of this celebrated of the farm and Mr. Hatch's opinion of Gardening Under Difficulties.
farm one who had for some years been the practicability of raising sugar profit- The Chinese are a very industrious
my conatitueit, and who had supported ably and in commercial quantities upon people and nothing is allowed to go to
me when' I resigned the dignity and his land. In a few days I received a re- waste that can possibly be utilized. As
quiet of judicial life and dedi- ply from Captain Paddison saying that the empire of China is the largest on the
cated my future to political strife, he had referred my note to Mr. Hatch, globe, and contains nearly half of the
by entering upon what I knew to in order to secure more accurate infer- entire number of the human race, the
be a hopeless canvass for Congress in mation than he might be able to give. necessity of economy is very apparent.
support of Freemont and Dayton on Mr. Hatch's note is dated City Point, They not only cultivate the land, but all
the platform of free thought, free Fla., April 23, and is as follows: of the lakes," ponds and marshes and
speech, free land and free men. "M~r. Kelley's communication to you gardens in which aquatic plants, suij~a-
Dr. Wittfeld is a German, and, was handed me last evening. I scarcely ble for food, are largely raised. Among
like so many of the scholarly young men know the precise wish of Mr. Kelley in these the water chestnut is pre eminent,
of that date, participated in the revolu- the matter. If he refers to this place, and is said to be of a very palatable and
tloni of 1848, and when defeated, came a "City Point," I would state that +the wholesome nature.---,
fugitive to this country. His farm property consists of fifteen acres of land, In a narrative of Lord McCartney's
includes a considerable body of land be- on which the steamer wharf, general embassy to China, it is related that his
tween the Indian and Banana rivers, ex- merchandise store and post-office, 1,200 Lordship's attendants, in passing
tending northward from their conflu- orange trees in grove (500 of which are through a part of that empire, saw a
ence. Shells and washed pebbles mark bearing), together with bananas and a man cultivating the side of a precipice,
the low land along both rivers, but the variety of other fruits, vegetables, etc., and, on examination, they found he had
broad bridge of upland attains an eleva- etc., is the property of the undersigned, a. rope fastened around his waist, which
ti~ I hin offro seent tooneThis is the principal shipping point for" was secured at the top of the mountain,
linIuhn ke ofeetmseeny o n this section, being central for City Point and by which he let himself down to any
It was on this ridge that for the first hammock, which hammock extends part of the precipice where a few yards
time I saw pine-apples growing in large some six miles on the river, along which of available ground gave him encour-
beds under careful culture. Dr. Witt- it is almost a continuous orange grove, agement to plant his vegetables and his
field, who found evident pleasure in though most of the trees are under bear- corn. The whole of the cultivated spots,
conducting the party to points at which ing age yet. which were at some distance from each
there was anything that might interest "Sugar cane would do finely here on the other, appeared to be not more than half
them, assured us that pine-apples repay lower lands, but such lands are too vaI- an acre,- and near the bottom of the
munificently the care bestowed upon uable now for other products. Vegeta- precipice, on a hillock, he had a little
them, and that bananas, which he culti- bles, such" as are marketed from here at hut, where he supported a wife and sev-
rates in great numbers for market, are a this time, pay better than cane would, eral children in this hazardous manner.
Profitable crop. After what I have said Tomatoes are bringing now "3 to $4 per -American Agriculturist.
of oranges and kindred fruits in this re- crate, snap beans $2 to $2.50, cauliflow- --
gion, I need hardly add that they pay ers $5 to $6 per crate of six to eight Mortality ot AlcoholiStS.
well, but may note the fact that on Dr. heads, Irish potatoes$6 to $8 per barrel, At the meeting of German scientists
Wittfeld's farm the trees are not in sym- egg plants $12 to $20 per barrel, cabbage Ad physicians in Bermin, Sanitary Coun-
metrical groves,- but scattered as if they $3 to $4 per barrel. Oranges shipped and Dr. Bereine the Coun-
sellor, Dr. Baer, mentioned the well rec-
had been planted without regard to this month have sold in Eastern cities at ognized fact that individuals frequently
symmetry, but in order to utilize bits of $6 to $7.50 per box." under the influence of alcoholics rinks,
land that without them might be waste. ---+--- when taken sick, died sooner than other
The pleasure with which he brought to From Leesburg Southward people, whatever the disease.
our notice orchids and other curious or eb e ug Southwan The well known insurance statistics of
beautiful parasites that abound on his There is much of interest to be seen on John Scott show that of saloon-keepers,
trees, was really refreshing, the route from Leesburg southward. between 24 and 40 years old, 21 per 1,000
Having made a tour of the place and All that have an eye for the beauties of died; of other persons, 10 per 1,000; be-
entered our names in the book spread nature, and some have two such eyes,, tween 40 and 60 years, 60 per 1.000, while
upon a table at the door-of the cottage would :be delighted. The scenery is va- -the general death rate of the population
in which boarders are accommodated, I ried and beautiful. On this line the cars at the bame age was only 35 per 1,000.
asked the Doctor whether sugar can be seem to quicken their speed, which is Another statistical report compares
grown successfully on any of his land, gratifying to somE, but we confess a par- the mortality rate of ministers with that
to which he replied:- "Yes, sir, upon all tiality for the slower motion which of saloon-keepers with this result:
of it, as successfully as in Cuba. I dug gives one a better sight of things around, Age. Ministers. Saloon-keepers.
up a sugar patch last summer after it and a less amount of sand through the 25 to 35 per1,000, 4 per 1,000, 14.
-had rattooned seventeen years, without windows. 35 to 45 perlooo, 6 per 1,000, 20.
replanting, and had tasseled in the last as There were some pine lands along the 45 to 55 per 1,000, 13 per 1,000,o38.
well as in the earlier years. That it route, some scrub, but the hammocks The following figures are used in En-
tasselled proved that each season was predominated, and there the live oaks and gland as a basis for all calculations of
long enough, to let cane mature, and magnolia grew, also we could distinguish probability with reference to life insur-
thus acquire full saccharine strength." the sweet bay, sweet gum, mapie, bay- ance; 14 per cent. of all deaths are indi-
"Why did vou eradicate what had been wood. This last is very valuable, of rectly due to alcohol; 4 per cent. are di-
so successful?" "Because no sugar fac- a dark red color, almost as hard as ada- rectly caused by alcohol. These figures
tories were established, as they ought to mant, used for ornamental work, and demonstrate the undeniable fact that the
-have been, and I had no market for my wherever a very hard wood is required, whole mortality rate of the United King-
cane or syrup." Hearing this reply, Not only were these woods filled with dom would be 20 per cent. less were it
Senator Morrill said: "Did not frost hurt magnificent trees, but creeping vines not for the abuse of alcohol., These ta-
your cane during all that time?" "No, covered the otherwise unsightly logs, bles are more valuable as, they have not
sirnot once in the seventeen years." INot and they were transformed into things been put together b) fanatical temper-
in 1872?" "No, sir, it touched the joints of beauty. Shrubs and bushes inter- ance apostles, but by men who did not
of tWe rattoons or sprouts enough to twined themselves together inseparably themselves object to the moderate use
i I I
This powder never varies. A marvel or
purity, strength and wholesomeness. More-
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold in competition with the
multitude of low lest, short weight. alum or
phosphate powders. Sold only in cUr
ROYAL BAKING POWDER Co., 106 Wall St,
NORTHERN TURNIPS-Good supply at 82
SQUASH-Per crate, $1 25.
SNAP BEANS-Per crate, Sl100.
NEW POTATOES-Per barrel, M3 50, with good
CUCtUMBERS--Per box, 02 00.
Foreign and Domestic Frult ..
PINE APPLES--1 75 to 929 00 per dozen.
LEMONS-Messiuas, 04 00 per box. "
FIoS-In layers 13c.
DATES-Persian--Boxes 9c; Frails 7c.
ORANOES-Florida-Per box $3 75 to $.500.
BANANAS--Good supply; from 75c to 8200
NUTS-Almonds 18c; Brazils 12c; Filberts
giicilvl,12c; English walnuts, Grenobles, 18c;
arbots, 15c; Pecans 12c; Peanuts 6%
Cocoan uts $V 50 per hundred.
RAISINS--London layers, $2.50 per box.
,'RANBERRIES---275 per crate; $1000 per
BUTTERIN E-Creamery 20c; Extra Dali-I
l6c; Dairy 15. -
CEF-sE--Half skim 10c, cream-13c pep.
pound. -. ., .. ?
PEA('HES--Peen-To, 75c to 12_50' pet./craf&'
Georgia, 650c ,o 75c per crate. r ?|,
APPES- Gengras, 75c per crate.
PLTM.S- Gengras, 75c per ba.ket..^ 7!
Retaflt, :.- ^
3 The following guotatu.a_.e,.-:i
3 vised for Wedneday's an',._.,9.|
from quotations famished!y de-?
City Market. *|
'Carrots wholesale at 83 00 per, bar ir
retail at 50 cents per peck. ...^
Green Onions wholesale at-:: g
hundred, and retail 5 cents pir- R
Florida Cabbage wholesale $206-1. a
and retail at 5 to 10 cents. -
Quail wholesale at 10 cents eachiana 47:1
%t 15 cents, or two for a quarter. 5
Oranges wholesale at $300 to 5 W per
r and retail at 5 cents. --
Spinage wholesales at, 75c per bushel a.?i
retails at. four quarts for 25 cents.- ,,-
Sweet Potatoes wholesale at 60 oent..4
bushel, and retail at 5 cents per quart, .-"-
Leituce wholesales at 15@20 cents per doien
heads, and retail at, 5 cents per head. "-.. -.-
Parsnips wholesale at $2 75 per barrel
retail at four and five for 10 cents. .
Robins wholesale at 6 cents each -and re ?
at 10 cents. ... -
Celery wholesales at 50 to 60 cents-per aoz
and retails at three to four stalks .o. 25-
-according to size. .. .-,
Eggs are in fair demand.- DaI
eggs are quoted 'at wholesa t,?";
per dozen, and retail at 20 cents.:
Boston marrowfat squashes whki
8250 per barrel, retail at 5, v -a g
each. ''^* : ^^,
New York Irish potatoes wholeBf:
$2 90 per barrel and retail at 1 n '1
Northern beets are worth wh-
per barrel, and retail at .10 .e( 'jA-
or two quarts for 15 ceiftf-m '
Radishes bring at w~holesale-l6^l^@^
per dozen bunches of seven raiBte ^B
They retail aet 5 cents per btunca; ga
,bunches for 10 cents. ...s--^+:
Live poultry--chickens40 wbol:ffidi
to 40 cents each; retail 4 os~^^ g
Dressed poultry, per pound--chiecesl ^
18 to 20 cents. Turkeys, wholeSahe-R^
$1.75 each, and retail at 56 cents jaer |ot^
Northern meats retail as follOww-*^M^
beef from l8 to 25 cents per po~un^;i fi|
beef 6 to 15 cents per pound; veal S.tfl^^
pork 12 to 15 cents; mutton 10 .:o^|
venison 2,5 cents; sausage 15_cients;^B^
beef t0 cents. ... = ,;. ^. -
OUR SPECiaL yA^K^
'Latest QuotntiolU off^Etia^^^
And TegetaMba, ,^
1Commission MerehantS' .lmtjr^
'* pecial to the TI MES_-U N J[ON g: -,, "^ ^ a
;NEW YORK, June ]0O.-TnP^ ^ |
'Florida cucumbers by to-dayl Bt^P
,very inferior, and I wou111r ni d riirf: M ^ |
per stop altogether uniles^i|S^^
*and of fresh growth, sol--^^^Hl;l
matoes $1.5P@2, demand t;00,^^ ^^H
*peaches *50c^$t2..i), waterm f^ o^ H
of Maryland tobacco are
but. the stock 4s redn cdA,;
mand for the poorer g|,|
4 for Western tobacco.
with Maryland atfrom,.10.
NEW YORK, Jiune:-a
leaf market is quiet P- It
tious are in demand, butB
takes a very fine arttle 1.
Havana tobacco IS 1v9.B
ranging from 60 cents 4i
Sumatra is quiet at:-61.-.tH
ST. LOUIS, June 'Il-.
'good, and the marketffrm-
RICHMOND, June. 1f.%
from 3 to 6 cents, a4d Sle.SH
grades in active z*" Bi
SAVANNAH, J ^e iI
Market closed firm aV;H
lions: .-.' "^^1
Middling fair ......:.- a_ H |
Good md ln..,.,
Mliddling . .
Low- m iddlin., -..1
The net receipts':,f
eeints 16 bales: ;a l
State News in Brief.
-Mr. W. H. Howell, living a mile and
a half from Orlando, saved 634 dozen
eggs from 50 hens during the month of
-An Ohio gentleman, Cleveland by
name, is putting out an 800 acre orange
ve near Wildwood and has from
rty to fifty hands employed in the
-A. P. Knott, the Brevard cattle king
brought to Sanford four carloads of cat-,
tie from his ranch Thursday. They were (
shipped to the Savannah market.
-Sanford is making an effort-to have I
the Orange Belt Railway extend its line
from Monroe Junction to that city. The
town will raise $10,000 to accoinplish
-Mr. Benjamin Eager, proprietor of
the Wacasassa mills, in Levy county, is
cutting out 100,000 feet of lumber to be
used on DeLesseps' canal across the Isth-
mus of Panama.
--As an additional precaution to pre-
serve the health of Tampa and prevent
the introduction of any disease, the ship-
ment of fruit from Havana to that place
has been prohibited.
" '-Dr. A. Griffin exhibits in Sanford a
huge turnip, the circumference of which
is twenty-one inches, and the length
twelve inches. It was grown by Stephen
Dann, on Horse Shoe Lake.
-Thursday morning last, Mr. J. Pots-
damer, of Lake City, bought 1,000
pounds of wool, in a lump, from a La-
fayette county farmer. This makes 3,000
pounds bought this season. About 15,-
000 pounds are marketed here a year.
-The stringing of the wire of the Jupi-
ter Inlet telegraph line being bnilt by
the Goverment has been awarded to Mr.
John S. Arnold. This gives to him the
entire contract, as the furnishing and
planting of the poles had already been
of spirituous drinks, but who well rec-
ognized the pernicious influence of the
abuse of intoxicating beverages.
The following table, compiled from the records
of the Jack onville Signal Station by Sergt. J.,
W. Smith, represents the temperature, condition
of weather, rainfall and direction of wind for
the month of Juno, as observed at the Jack-
sonville station during the past 15 years:
E I I
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
WILLIAMS, CLARK & CO.
Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Address MRS. S. S. Jones,
* 179 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it -again
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by expe-ience what we say regarding
this fertilizer. .
WOFFORD & WILDER.
Ft. Mason, Fla.
Seed Irish Potatoes.
The best potatoes for planting in this
State are those brought from extreme
Eastern points. Acting on this belief,
we imported last year from
large quantities of Early Rose,' Chili
Red, Beauty of Hebr.m and other varie-
ties, and the potatoes raised from this
seed, 'were the finest we have ever seen
We will receive, in a few days another
cargo of the same potatoes, which we
will sell at the following prices:
Chili Red.........per barrel $8.50.
Early Rose .................. $3.00.
Beauty of Hebron .......... $3.00.
Every barrel guaranteed as represented.
Remit with order, and we will ship the
CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 5th, 1887.
I .* I
,--;The orange crop in the Leesburg sec-
", t lion wilLnet be more than one-half as
large.as usual this year, but whnt fruit
: there is gives indication of being larger
and finer than it has been for years, and
as such will probably command better
: prices in the market than heretofore.
---A Citra agent has just closed a trade.
for 640 acres of fine hammock land near
Wildwood, the consideration being $7,-
600. This with another recent purchase
will make a grove of 840 acres, and will
*lhp oat~ M** n~rnnoer trociQ at once. makin Lr
,' O lV b uua u i/. v.> M. v/*, ,.. u- . ,
;,- oe of. f the largest groves in the world.
'-.-^ peW16 of Lake Weir axe arrang-
: f6E.a grand -Ph of July celebration
;'&jba qua grounds. The com-
B6ents will soon be an-
prropesed to-make it a gen-
BLi iSncala. The military com-
lBa will be invited to partic-
Ean left Gainesville Wed-
f Washington and New York
j| specimens for a museum in
-rik, New Y6rk. He takes with
"t eight hundred specimens of
| animals, birds and other curi-
ties, among others a very fine speci-
Sn of the large owl.
.. -The new county of Lake is very ap-
V.'+- propri&tely named, as over half its terri-
'B'. toryis occu-pied by lakes. Among the
.i5.: mostimportant are Lakes Harris, Eustis,
i'.. Griffin, Dora, Minneola, Minnehaha and
Sforlions of Lakes George and Apopka.
T ." the leading towns are Tavares, Leesburg,
^"^'" Eustis, Altoona, Yalaha and Umatilla.
V--."- -One hundred and fifty hands arrived
iat Tampa on Tuesday and were put to
,.:' work on the extension of the Soul h Flor-
-',-'-ida road to Brushy Point, a distance of
< ."-'nine miles by land. Here the road will
(^.-- get thirty foot water, and the largest
s-^ steamers can come up to the railroad
fii wharf which will save the trouble and
Ey-+ expense of a transfer of freight and pas-
;^ sengers by tugs.
. ...-rA tomato vine has grown in Sanford
l': tokthe height of seven feet. The vine is
:'-'n0w over ten feet in length and is still
g_:-overed with bloom, green and ripe to-
....matoes. The strong, woody vine is
!i -tralned up a9frame and at the ground is
C ,. o~ne and a half inches in diameter. The
o':0Wler is the proud possessor/of a rose
._;bush-that is only two and a half feet high
;.'and yet last week 175 rose buds were
.,,0uinted on it.
:'-" The sanitary inspectors of Pensacola
^^p isent east of that city as far as River
ffiunction to intercept possibly arriving
Ssbeagers from Key West. The other
ay, tWo people from the Island City,,
leof~& drummer, who wanted to
In0pn Peiafola, were escorted by the
ic^~ctort;h'6ugh the city to Flomaton,
'4n0ca:they' continued North on the
J!iVnO :of the L. & N. They were not-
^ ifttd -to leave the train.
_She-orapge wine now being exten-
S 4dverti' ed over the world by the
%|--Mnufacturing Company is sup-
btivineyard of B. Genovar.
Hi north was imbibed last
HF$oenovar has still 4,000 bar-
--which is from four toasix
e people 'laughed in their
began the manufacture
-as it hasalreadytpsd him
the laugh comes on the'
te Orlando water works
toy to all concerned. The
edto the hydrants at the
tret and Orange avenue
were thro n simulta-
ight of seventy-five feet
!ed pounds pressure. The-
,.street easily threw the,
..highest windows of the+
01dney building, and the
hents did equally well.
ture having refused to
thing like the full amount
mla urged for the removal
ri~da Seminary, steps will
i port 3374 bales. :
,. Exports to the 0o
T The market ls'c
scarcely any artvj
Medium .......... ii
- Fine ................ -,.^ ,
Extra fine..... <';|
MEATS-D. S. short ribs boxed, 6812y; D. S.
Long clear sides $8 12y; D. S. bellies 2& 12Y;
amoked short ribs 8 75; smoked bellies 8 75;
3 C. hams, canvassed fancy, 12c; S. C. break
fast bacon, canvassed, 10/4c; S. C. shoul-
ders, canvassed, 8c; California or pic-
aic hams, 8yc., Lard-rifined tierces 7/c;
Mess beef-barrels $1050, halflbarrels $575; mess
pork $17 50. These quotations are for round
Lots from first ,hands; whole cattle 7r34;
dressed hogs 8y
Frankfort sausage 10.c; rounds 8c.
BUTTER-Best table 23@28c per pound,
cookingg 15@20c per pound.
Grain, Flour, ]ay, Feed, Hides, Etc.
GRAIN Corn The market Is weaker
the following figures represent to-day's
values: We quote white corn, job lots,
85c@... per bushel; car load lots 62c per
bushel, mixed corn, job lots, 62c per bushel-
oar load lots 59c per bushel. Oats quiei
and firm at the following figures:, mixed,
in job lots, 42%/c, car load lots 40c; white
oatslare 2,7c higher all round, Bran'steady
and higher, $22 to $23 per ton.
HAY-The market is firm and better de-
mand for -good grades. Western choice
small bales, $18@...per ton; car load lots $17 66
to $17 50 per ton; Eastern hay $19 per ton.
PEARL GRITS AND MEAL--3 10 per barrel.
FLOuR-Weaker, best patents $5 50@85 60;
good family $5 00@$5l10; common $4 25.
PEAS-Black Eye,, $150 per bushel.
GRO-ND FEED-Per ton $24 to $25.
COFFEE--Green Rio 20@25c per -pound.
Java, roasted, 32@35c; Mocas, roasted, 32@40c;
Red, roasted, 23@25c.
COTTON SEED MEAL-Scarce and higher.
8ea island or dark meal $20 per ton, bright
)r short cotton meal $22 00@23 00 per ton.
TOBACCO BTEMS-Market quiet but firm @
113 00 to $14 00 per ton.
LiME-Eastern, job lots, $100 per barrel, Ala-
oama lime $115. Cement-American $2-00,
Efinglish $4 75 per barrel.
RiCE-The quotations vary, according to
quantity, from 3%@6yc-per pound.
SALT-Liverpool, per sack, $100; per car
HIDES-Dry flint, cow, per sound, first
lass, 12@13c%; and country dry salted 11@
llrc; butchers dry salted 9@9%c. Skins-Deer
flint, 17c; salted 10@12c. Furs-Otter, winter,
each 25c@$4; raccoon 10@20c; wild cat 10@20c,
fox, 10@20c, Beeswax, per pound, 18c; .wool
free from burs 22@25c; burry, 10l@5c; goat
Rkins 10@25c apiece.
CHEESE-Fine Creamery 16c per pound.
LIVE POULTRY-Limited supply and good
Demand as follows: hens 45c; mixed 35c; half-
grown 2.c. They are scarce and in great de-
EGGs-Duval County 17 per dozen with
a limited demand and good supply.
IRISH POTATOES-Northern potatoes $3 25
ONioNs-Bermudas, $2 00 per crate; Egyptian
.$3 50 per crate.
Florida cabbage, $175@2 00 per barrel. They
are a drug on the market.
NEW BEETS-Florida, per crate, $2 00.
CAULIFLOWERS--Per barrel, $3 00, and $175
TOMATOES-Florida, per crate, 75c to $150;
Lake Worth, $2-55 to $3 25.