Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00045
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 21, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00045
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text

VOL. 1---SO. 51.


Methods by Which Acclimati<
May be Effected.
Among the fruit growers of the Nort
western States, particularly Iowa, Mi
nesota and Wisponsin, many expe
ments are progressing and much disc
sion prevails in relation to the securi.
more hardy as well as better varieties
fruits adapted to the peculiar climate
condition, of those States. Many yea
ago there was introduced into Wiscons
and Iowa, from Polish Russia, two va
elies ot the apples known as the Russi;
and Siberian crab, which were suppos
sufficiently hardy to endure the extrer
cold.of the Northwestern winters.. The
have formed a basis on which expert
mentations have proceeded with-parti
success. Still it was found that a degr
of'cold would- sometimes arise sufficie:
to kill all the-hybrids from these Russia
Twenty years ago I wrote and pul
lished a paper upon the isothermal lin
of those States, in which the causes (
the great extremes of heat and cold we
traced, adducing evidences to show th
such as they then were they must r
main, until the face of the continue
shall have been changed. Incidentally
allusion was made to the meteorolpgic.
fact that east of Moscow, in Russia, sin
ilar climatic conditions existed. Th
paper induced Prof. Budd, of Iowa, t
organize a party to visit that region i
1882, and to import. from. thence hut
dreds of varieties of apples, pears, plan
and cherries into the grounds of the ag
ricultural college of Iowa. 'With these
the experiments are to be continued
with what results time will tell.
The course of experiments pursued
described by Prof. Geor'ge P. Peffer, o
Pew ukee Wis.. a' German professional
f fruir. He writes: '*Seeds tba
are saved-'from fruit trees that wer
isolated when in blossom, will produce
the same, oras near the same fruit, as th
pdaent tree. Seeds savedfrom fruit no
-isolated, but exposed when in blossom t
other varieties that are in blossom at th
same time, are uncertain as to what th
fruit will be. as the pollen from varieties
quite a distance off can fertilize the blos
soms, being carried by wind, bees or in
sects from blossom to blossom, so that n
one can-tell what the fruit will be front
from such a seedling. 'Seed saved front
fruit that hb.s been fertilized by hand o
artificially, will be sure to bear frui
with only the two varieties used to raise
seed from, if neitherof them arealready
hybrids; .in that case there will be only a
very small variation, and often bette:
fruit. Multiplying. by grafting or bud
ding does not improve the variety, no:
does it improve its hardiness. The onlj
way to acclimate is by reproducing from
seeds, generation after generation, and
crossing the hardy varieties-with one an
other. All new varieties are originated
in that way, no matter in what country
their home is."
Operating by these rules Mr. Peffer has
produced several varieties of esteemed
value. Prof. Budd found in Russia. dis-
tricts where only one variety of apples,
pears, plums and cherries could be found
though in all instances the trees were
seedlings. The wild groves of sour and
bitter sweet oranges found in Florida
produce fruits of almost identical simi-
larity, because no cross-fertilization has
taken place.
The fact that the orange has been re-
mdved from the frostless regionsof India,
and by planting of seeds has become ac-
climatized or hardened to the climates
of Southern Europe and California,
shows what may be accomplished in this
line with not only that fruit, but also
indicates what may be done with others.
Were the Cattley guava blooms fertil-
ized by the pollen of the more tender va-
rieties from Mexico and the West India
islands, and the seeds resulting from cross
fertilizations planted, it is but reason-
able to suppose that a strain of guava
might be obtained of nearly the same
hardiness as the Cattley, and the fruit
partake of the character of the Mexican.
If the first crossing should not have the
desired'effect, a series of crossings would
be effective.
We have samples of not only the
adaptation of varieties to climatic condi-
tions, but also of improvements in qual-
ity arising from the reading of some new
seedling varieties in our oranges. It is
well known that the very best of these
varieties'are found among the seedlings
of Florida. Whole orchards of seedling
trees may be found in Hillaborough and
adjoining counties, that in quality of
fruit cannot be excelled by any imported
trees or grafts from the same. The new
peaches from China have already shown
an improvement made by growing trees
froin. seeds raised here, and the LeConte
pear has in like manner been greatly
improved. -Other fruits might be alluded
Sto,'but enough has been said to show.
what may be expected-from thepursuit
of rules of universal application in vege-'
table life. ... -.
. LIMONA, Fla.



Almond Culture in Sicily.
The following article pertaining to a
fruit which perhaps deserves more at-
tention in Florida than it receives, is
taken from the Queenslander, a leading
Australian journal:
The almond in Sicily blooms from the
middle of Janury to the middle of Feb-
ruary; a few varieties even as early as
December. An almond grove in full
bloom is a lovely sight. The trees cov-
ered with flowers delicately tinged with
pink, look like so many huge bouquets,'
a pleasant contrast to the grayish green
leaves of the olives among which they


Fia. 4.


Some Details of the Nursery-
man's Art Explained.
Mr. T. V. Munson, proprietor of the
Denison, Texas, nurseries, and Vice-
President of the American Horticultural
Society, is contributing to the Texas
Farm and Ranch a valuable series of il-
lustrated articles, the seventh of which
is as follows:;
As I fear my readers have about got
out of patience with me waiting to: see
my "surgery and propagation" begin,
and, as I have laid sufficient foundation
to enable a diligent reader and student
to understand the reason for doing what
I am about to illustrate, I now present
some pictures, as here nature cannot
furnish the illustrations so readily,
though if I were certain every one could
understand how to hunt for examples,:
and that the examples were to be found :
handily, nature's illustrations in part of :
the cases would still be better. I
In Fig. 4, a, is shown the effect of ty-
ing tightly around the body of a tree or '
branch and allowing growth to proceed.
If the stricture is continued too long,
death of the'parts above will soon come,
as the cells and tubes which carried fresh
sap up to the top, grow too old, clog up,
and the formation of new ones further
out so as to come in contact with grow-
ing cells, so as to feed them by endos
and exosmasis, is prevented.. This is
turned to advantae. sometimes It will

face of shoulder, where the life of the
branch begins; this leaves the least
wound, with unimpaired circulation to
remaining parts, and healing .is rapid
and perfect. 'In the grape is an excep-
tion. There, is a septum or hard dia-'
phragm in every joint, cutting the pitch
separate from the next intervode. If
cut through between joints as is custom-
ary, a dead stub ensues quickly, but if
cut through a joint at base of bud, just
where the diaphragm is, evaporation is
not nearly so rapid, nor is bleeding-if
at bleeding season-so great and the
damage to vine is not so great. Of
course the bud of joint cut is destroyed.


uncovered till buds expand and grow
branches b, b, b. reaching several inches
above 'surface of ground, then begin
gradually filling in fine soil along trench
till level. By fall nearly every shoot will
have taken root near the old vine
whence it sprung. Then cut apart at a,
a, a and c, remove and plant as a sepa-
rate vine. Some varieties, very 'hard ot
impossible to grow from cuttings, can be
quite readily grown in this way.

Precocious Fruiting of Grapes.
Young grape vines, like children.
should never be over-taxed, says the

FIG. 8.

v Introduction of the Mulberr]
s Editor Florida Farmer ad. uit-G'Groweor:
That credit may be given Dr. Hemn
Perriie for one of the 'many valuab
trees and plants 'introduced by him in
Florida, I send you an extract from
letter of his published in the Farmer
" Register in 1839:
"I was the first person that introduce
the Morns mnlticaudis. not only im
Tropical Florida, but into any part
East Florida. By the Silk Culturist 4
July, 1836. page 1-23, I perceive 'thi
under the date of 'St. Augustine, Jun
1'36,' a Mr. M. D. Brown claims tbh
honor by saying, 'In November of 1833
arrived in St. Augustine with fifty sma
plants of the Morius mautii:ai.lisabtaine
fro fMrs. Parmentier. They "Were t:
first ever brought to Florida.'
"Now the facts are, that the sam
worthy lady, under date of the 5th .
April, 1;33. shipped for me twelve tree
of Morus muiticaanb, in the schoont
Olympu-, Capt. Trowbridge, care of I
A. Bro'wue, Key West, by whom the
were forwarded (or rather backward.c
northeastwardly, say 150 miles, to Johi
Dubose, inspector at Cape Florida, where
they arrived on the 20th of May, 1833."
Mr. Dubosehad charge of many of th
plants introduced. Many of these wer,
transplanted by the United States officer
to Soldier Key and Tea Table Key.
will add, what many may "not know
that the leaves of the Mol uls vialticauli
are very valuable for cow feed.

in are frequently planted. Of all the cul- be found that the buds, especially the Fig. 6 shows a tree needing heading Orchard and Garden. We have known H. P. W.
n- tivated fruit trees the almond is the fruit buds, will be set more abundantly back. The chief course of life has been apparently strong, healthy young men FEINANDINA, Fla.
ns richest in varieties. In Sicily and in the on a tree with such stricture, especially in the lower, outer large branch,. which to suddenly give out, only because they "
g- ex-kingdom of Naples 560 varieties are if the, tree has been too robust to form now droops too much. If cut at b, this were required to work a little beyond Appreciative and Suggestive
.e found; tmh classification is based princi- any but wood buds heretofore. life is taken away, and you attempt to their strength while boys, and we have ito Forida Faen.,, p',t Gu.
, pally uponthe external characteristics of But the stricture, a strong cord, force the flow to resume the old channel seen many a promising and vigorous W p.as w ur per.
the hull. The almond requires a mild- should be tied before has stopped, so as in the smaller branch above, which it young vine injured seriously because it We are well pleased with your paper
is climate, plenty of air and plenty of sun- has of itself already abandoned. By so was allowed to overbear. A vine can to all engaged, or in k c annot but prove interestauab
of shine. It mbrives in low ground, if it -.- doing you getan "elbow" in every limb bring a certain quantity of fruit to per- o ll engaged, or in ny wy interest
al gets the sun; on hillsides, if uot exposed \ ut off, and enfeebled growth. Cut off fiction and no more. If you crowd n, Florda agriculture. -
a, to the winds, and in either light, sandy, \ the vigorous branch further out, and the quantity upon it. it will disappoint you An item from the Times-Democrat ir
*e or rocky soil, provided it is well drained; -a':/, .'/a -readv enfeebled one above, entirely as in quality, the fruit often- failing to your issue of the 'th int., ou 'Papei
e a calcareous soil suits it best. Stiff clay at a, a, aand c. Study a young, thrifty ripen, being deficient in all thaLnakesa C'overs for Cold Frames," has-,attractec
ie or rich lands are unadapted to the al- / pedchtree of three years standing, and grape delicious and desirabW..!ln this my attention as containing an excellent
ot moud. The almond. is propagated by y you will see what I mean by following case prevention is better than c7 S. If you suggestion. But would not rubber paper
o seed and by bud. Cuttings and'-layers / / a and preserving the active life channels see that a vine carries more fruit than it e better? It is lined with muslin oi
e are difficult to root. The nut in the l -' as far as possible. can reasonably. be.expected to bring"to burlap, is more pliable than Manilla
le shell, when planted in the b pa aei, canb hd isnomoeverapensiv Ota
e hell, whe planted theu oamnautumh, oger Fig. 7 shows the effect on side a, of re- maturity, remoe the smaller clusters. paper, can be had in several degrees ve
s mates m the course of a monthowng specig and controlling this principle, Good fruit first, plety of t only so far eight, and paper oil moe expenie thand.
totheautumnalrains. Whenplantedin / while side b shows an atteptto imme as it is good. Insipid, alf-matured have sevlapaperal orang..e growers in
- the spring, the shell must be taken off. diately force a tree to grow as you want clusters are often the well-deserved pen- h'i, ane differerat gopirs in
o or .the kernel will remain inert all sum- t \ -.it to do-a good deal like forcing people alty for greedand lackofjudgment.-Ex sou-city, and dt rent opinions in
mr mer. It is best to plant the seed of the into prohibition-you make a destruc- reference to clearing land, a subject of
D bitter almond and then bud in the sweet tiveconflict. You mu st educate your great importance, some disapproving of
r almond. The seed is planted point down. / tree to shape gradually by constantly A Fruit Grower's Experien ce. burning any wood on the clearing. pre
t In cultivating, care must be taken not to rp heser vin itabery i le andYeadig non- Col. Dennett, of the New OrleansPic- ferriug all to decay and thereby enrich
Scut the roots., In Sicily the almond tree serving its best life, and leading,enot d t. t N Pic the soil. Others have the land thor-
ives from fift y to sixty years. The ruit. driving it Justas you would make a ayune, says: It is pretty certain that oughly cleared of roots and burned over
Temperate man of your son; you must most fruit trees in the South suffer se to dest-oy insects ad render the ground
Sis gathered in August assoon as the to allow bdsto fom under the influ educate him to be temperate, and the merely from povertyof soil, from lack of f ree to be cultivated.
r lls began to open After the nuts enceand removed after growth has abit of self-control and temperance is lime, potash and humus in the soil, and Let those o have ad epeiencd.e ad-
- are hulled they are sunned for two or nearly ceased. Fruit may be made to ashardtobreakasthehabit of intem- are choked and robed by grass and Lettoe ae ae.perence-
r, t d grow much largerby constricting, which prance. In the first place never allow weeds. If one cod put around 'each INDIANAPOLS, d.. Dec 9, 18".
y The sweet almond is eaten green or is aboutthe same as girdling. uL not so your tree or boy to go so long without tree half a peck or a peck of lime and
- dried, and is converted into orgeat, are- certainly destructive in its final effects- good attention as to grow into a bad half a bushel of ashes, and then pile up [The lifted "rubber paper" isan article
d fresing summer drink. Two fixed oils the branch bearing it. habit, and then destroy his independence half a cart load of rotten leaves and rot- which, probably, could not be obtained
Share extracted from the sweet and' from In b,Fig. 4, we see the effects of con- forever by cutting off hisuntrained free- ten wood to be scratched down by chick- in this State. We would like to see a
S'stricting by bending. The bend stops dom entirely, or you will get a lop- ens in search of bugs and worms, the sample of it, and to know where it can
the ascents of sap in the deeper tubes. ;' be obtained and at what price.
which reach the top, and cause new Although the subject of clearing land
S grow th to start at lower sides of bend, "for groves may seem commonplace to
/ causing nearly the reverse effect of ty- many of our readers, we shalibe glad of
Sing, whichaffects the outer circulation. --- occasional articles for the benefit of
SThiscan be used to advantage in young those who have little or noknowledge of
1 trees with tall bodies, which are liable to ,the methods of our best. orange growers.
Sbe sunburned, bylbendingl top and tving -, A 1 1lc no dful in .u e.cel.en- :
to stake on a. w. side. This old top be- ~ ___ .-
a comes a protecting limb, while the new f '
upright shoots with proper training be- Oranges in Russia.
come the central axis for future growth.. A wealthy Russian merchant now ue
Many a tall bodied orchard might be Moscow, who owns a 100-acre orange
made to live much longer, and more vig- grove in this county, writes to Messrs.
orously. Better, however, to low top ,, Morrison, Stapylton & Co., a ery iner-
trees at first. testing letter, from which we are permit-
S. A knot upon sideof tree, Fig. 4, shows I ted to make the following extract:
the effect of insect sting, bite, or groghb\ .i It is strangethat, when so much diffi-
F ci. a. of younglarva, causing a gall, which .i 6i cuhly is experienced in your State in
also a stricture and a tissue killer at the keeping oranges, there is in this remote
the bitter almond. The oilextracted by same time, and willd1he tree great pace no difficulty in procuring excellent
heat isonly fit to burn. That extracted damage. Prevent such'by washing ot' Fr. 9. Jaffa and Maltese oranges in perfect
by cold pressure is used in many vi as. chard tree bodies and large limbs-suc condition for the table and at moderate
The residuum, known a s almondupaste' is o ntn ori the tbes an ata moerate
The residuum, known as almond paste, as plums, to stop Black Knot-wit sided, elbowed tree.e side b inFig. 7, trees would be far more thrifty and price. On inquiry I find that they are
excellent to clean leather. Sweet al- orposie y-worse, as.often seeo." would bear more and better fruit. kept here for only.a short time, and the
ond oil is used in medicine, perfumery, n F we desi ~ odue ew In- Then, whatever others may think, we preserving of them. n fresh condition
the Taherbitter almond is injurious t diiduas by layer We t first would prune peach and apple trees must be managed abroad. I can speak
the feathered tribe, and a clso to man, partly stop, by a d, the food supply closely immediately after the last fruit from trial of the Maltese'Blobd oranges,
on account of the hydroyanic acid it from theparent, the layer to heal is gathered. We tried this last season which are imported either by Odessa or
contain the wound, and ame time secure and l..rked admirably. It may not St.-Petersburg.. The skin was as,tepder
Keiffer and LeConte its food from mlot a th itself. We do t lt in-all orchards every year, but and the orange asjuicyand well flavored
K ieP and e I.. -this by outing the ranch partly in it certainly did well in our orchard last as they usually are in the most favorable
Horticulturists do not agree in regard twp from upper side as at a, so as td, gee- year. season in England.. There seems no rea-
to the virtues of the Kieffer pear, nor of all the young roots on your..rtayer, and It is recommended to tie up a piece of son why the same result sbduld not be
the LeConte. AU agree that they are n -not' as at b, by cutting on lower side, rosin soap ina rag and place it in the obtained in Florida, and .this should en-
beautiful and make most, excellent pre- o causing generally weakly roots to start fork of an apple or peach tree. The courage the growers .to study the art of
serves, that the trees are vigorous. pro- both from the layer we wish to move rains will gradually wash the soap down preserving the fresh fruit, when they
lific, nearly or quite blight proof, but and the old stock, which damages both in the fork, where the blight attacks the know thatit i% done abroad on a large
in flavor and for table purposes, the Le- the mother plant and the young sought, apple tree, and will do good at the roots scale.-Leesburg'Commercial.
Conte, by many, is considered far below with no advantage otherwise. Another of any fruit tree when it gets there.
the Bartlett, and the Kieffer below the quicker, and about as good way as any, We believe in plowingan orchard with Chemists. are ar at work in the
LeConte. It is probable that the flavor is to give the branch a quick twist as a light good turning plow after the fruit French Antilles perfecting processes for
of the pears is greatly influenced by the though intending to make a wither, but is taken off. If roots are broken ov making alcohol froi6 ;sweet potatoes.
character of the soil they grow on, the N-., twisting only at one point; then bend wounded they will have time to recu- Four gallons of alcohol can be made
climate and the cultivation and attention Fl down in trench and cover, leaving top operate before the blossoming and fruit from 225 pounds of sweet potatoes. Per-
bestowed on them. out with leaves on. In fall, cut away season. Plow in most of the rotten leaves@ tions of the pine lands of thp outhein
The most inferior fruits are made to -strong soapsuds with a little coal oil from old plant, take up and transplant. and rotten wood applied in winter, and States and apart of Neviw esery are also
look as white and beautiful as the best thoroughly mied in. That is for layering in summer time, add another half cart load the next well adapted. to the..gr'4wing of the
by using the fumes of sulphur, but the In Fig. a, b- and- c show where and young grQwing wood. Forspringlayer- winter. The fruits will pay for such sweet.potato.-.Ei. .
sulphur injures the quality and the when not to out.off a branch in pruning. ing the- grape, we proceed as shown in labor. ''
flavor of the fruit.-Times-Democrat. The curly shouldgebf branch,, as in a,:I Fig. 9. Atench some four or five inches w.othqsand fiveh l i ed. ofA
should not be cut.odfftor large severe' deep along row is made soas to be out of -Over 6,000 pounds of.fre were gora goats ha'e eo -hsyb n'
'Let -the words ring.out- through the. 'sore is madein the dyof tree, and.mayi' way of cultivation. A good strong cane shipped from New Sm ', rom" Texas tod01orado,.. Ii'i -
land, '."fewqr.acresof corn but'more basbh- start decay. Neiit lfat-d; as a:. stub tot is selected, pinund down as at. c, c, c, in They were consigned- to a tgodt b'e is b'comi 1 larg-e
eis to the acre."-C6lman's Rural World. die and decayis le-t'Ut b.t b, just at sur- the trench 'while yet dormant, and left. in Florida and Georgia.. gstogytabl.ne -
... .- -on.. .
._ :- ": .. .. ":. "- : --" l l ,,,=- ...;? .-,..






apricot, or Thur
r# dandden Wtaken it. Not ha
-- specimens of ti
ONS FRUIT Cr GES.U-- how the Japan
What There Is in a Name in Thunberg say
the Orange Market. makes a very la
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruitt-G-ouer: leaves somewh
In your issue of November 80th I see base, ovate, acu
an article headed, "Marks on Fruit Pack- and smooth. T
ages." Allow me to give you my expe- appear- alternate
rience on this subject. branches; the
For five years I have been extensively obtuse, white,
engaged in handling Florida-oranges. early; the whit
For shippers who would send many than the petal
oranges I would get up a special design the mature ifr
on their stencil, such as a large crown. "owerportion o
an eagle, a-star, an alligator, a turkey, becomes the f
or s-ome striking mark with the grower's pduose,. whic
name on-it. My-object-was-to get the the apricot t
grower to take a special pride in that plum beng sm
design, so that it would become popular berg it is know
with the trade. I lectured the shippers more common]
on the benefits derived from a reputa- authors above
tion for honest packing and reliable Momi, which v
marking. i ts specificsciei
To other shippers I gave a simple num- no mention is
ber. Some of these numbers have gained garden plum,
a reputation in our city. It is wonderful haa been there
how the trade will remember a number. would undoul
For instance, Mr. J. P. B. Walker, of "spontaneous.
Silver Springs, has number 1390. His seeming differ
oranges are always sold to arrive for tons we read
more money than any that come to Bal- Mume plum, t
timore. The trade knows only 1890, and Japan plum of
for this -they ask. That number, is a this Chinese
guarantee that within is a box of oranges garden plum.
containing just what it is marked. It is say that it is
',sized to perfection and packed equal to Japan, and it
any of the best. The wholesale buyers of which this
say they can afford to pay more for 1890,
because it saves them the trouble to look The Pepi
all-yer it before it goes to a customer. Concerning
oB. the, most tasty and beautiful box vegetable a i
of oranges that comes to Baltimore, Monthly offer
comes frteom Alfred Bailey, of San Mateo, on scientific i
whose brands the "Royal Crown." The Mor. Thomas Mp
oranges of Dr. DeWitt, of San Mateo, are Accompany
known to the tide- as the "Alligator by mail, two
h Orange," and sell just asreadily, because the Pepino or
of the confidence the buyer-has in the place at Poil
branding as to color and number, plants receive
Stephen D. Williams, of Geneva, wrote Gustave Eiser
to me to send him another stencil, one covered this n
without his name on it, as he was America and
troubled with letters soliciting his fruit The samples
from men who were not friends of mine. ripe nor fully
I wrote him his name was valuable to grew finely a
him, as it was proven to be an honorable dantly all s
name which carries with ittruth; that bling closely I
as-long as he could stand to have me But from sa
villified by begging rats, Icould stand it. the fruit fail
It is the habit of this class of men who gently ; too l
call themselves commission merchants, and-then only
to copy names from boxes, write the plant, among
shipper offering him a large price as a soms. -.
bait; but first-class merchants sell the. The Orchar
.fruit as it comes and assist the grower to mentions hav
establish a reputblish a reputation. ig the past
I believe the general sentiment among grounds at I
shippers of experience is to select a good set any fruit
man and stick to him. Scattering ship- Orchard and
ments is an injurious method; it creates Melongena I
--- colietition against your own stock, -plant differs
Sd _" h WdLLr BAKE mon egg-plar
SBALTIMiORE, Md.,Dec. 10, I.S8. -adifferenc(
4F of variety acc
:l l Fronm the Pacific Coast. Dr. Eisen c
In a recent issue we noticed the im- ense, from i
portation'by Mr. Amoore of 10,000 Un- claimed for tl
shin orange trees. We apprehend that tains no seed.
this is the lot referred to in the following to be the:case
items from the citrograpb : fruit sent, in-
On the last trip of the Rio Janiero an ano acmaly I d
importation of 10,000 orange trees was you for some
S received at this port an tha tint was The fruit di
-I tely examined by Secretary Le Long Melongena n
of the State Board of Horticulture. He seed. but in
reports that 9,900 of the trees were dead bLing in tha
and the other 501) were diseased, rain cantaloupe, w
S having fallen on them for several days also in flavor
and then a hot sun dried the roots and Benson of t
killed them. The tops were also diseased lise. the mel
and decayed. A box of orange boughs says the plat
S from Florida were said to be afflicted in a dry, war
with the same same disease. An attempt will lias, ., or
Ibe made to preserve the remaining tre-es, remain in the
though it is considered doubtful if they I shall try
can resuscitate many. of them. a few days
State inspector of Fruit Pests W. G. plants dug up
Klee. who has just returned from a tour the others I p
through the southern portion of the ground with
State. states that. he has been examining either oir hot
into the condition of fruit and the feast- another trial
Ability of lydrocyanic acid gas treatment heavy frost ii
for scale-bugs. He says that the gas is is possible sot
efficacious but. it is expensive and its use even yet: in
should not be, attempted by ignorant from me aga
people. Companies will be formed who [We suppose
will purchase a number of tents so that variety of tho
when an orchard owner finds his trees loTgena, thro
attacked by the scale bug lie can employ of those whi
one of the companies to use their appa sent us by Di
ratus to exterminate the plague. He well as this a
reports the orange crop in the southern .ent. show tin
counties as being exceedingly fine. "cies.
Mr. Serene
The Plums of Japan. Mass.. has be
We take the following from the Gar- from Guaten
deners'. Monthly, an authority on ority on orti- those o ha
cultural botany: them to hil
So much has been said lately about name.
native Japan plums that we have, since Many plan
our last issue, referred to Franchet and the stamens
Savatier's enumeration of the plants pend for po
growing spontaneously in Japan, issued other flower
in 1875. Unddr the name of Prunus, bear fruit. l
these botanists include what we know as Then many
Cerasius or the cherries. They have in sage orange
all ten species: P. tomeuiosi, Mume, of the tcuit
.Psevdo-Cerasits, Japonaiea, sztbhirsuta, all, though sa
iheisa, MaximowiCz-i, manrophlylla, spin- this also may
ulosa, 8siori. num, and ag
Of these only the first two would be is soime dilc
understood as -true plums, and they are tlion, and the
not regarded by the authors as native, abort. Just
but as having been introduced inter on ly, be told
Japanese gardens from China. The The plant
first has fruit no larger than a warm seaso
pea, so that may be eliminated from tancy in thot
the Japan plum question, and we good chance
seem to be left to the second, Pr-nus plant, an.
nMume of Siebold and Zuccarrii as the ci'edit for mt
'probable species to which belong the
Japan plums,,if they are not really off- --Com. N(
shoots from the well-known species of farm at Spn
oui.gardens, P. domestica. We have not from the N0o
'.thein work to refer to, but Plate XI, tar tosilk w(
'Volume. I,is.cited as having an illustra- should recein
u... tionof the'spedies. In'lhunberg's Flora -Cholera I
; .tdponica, it is supposed to be the same hoge'this fal
a..s "aB e.apricot, P; Arnieaiaca of Linnaius; .lost~ -portio
-but tuh authors of the work above cited anid tl- ren
"b say that it is'distinct from that Stifl we reduced in fl
should suppose that the trees"tn foliage ers. say-. hai
and fruit must somewhaE.resemble the again.-Live

berg could not have mis-
aving seen living or dried
he plant, we cannot tell
plums in cultivation in
alifornia accord with this
,s in Japan this P. Mume
irge spreading tree, with.
hat heart-shaped at the
minate, unequally serrate
The flowers are sessile and
bely along the last year's
petals obovate, concave.
spreading, and falling
;e, erect filaments, shorter
s. He does not speak of
uit, but the "germen" or
f the pistil that ultimately
fruit, is noted as being
s characteristic of allies of
e _'-germen" of the true
ooth. According to Thun-
'n in Japan as Kjoo, and
ly as Kara Momu. The
cited' call it Mume and
we see has been adopted as
ntific name. In this work
made of P. domestic, our
being in Japan. If they
Many years/,some plants
btedly be by this time
" Notwithstanding the
ences between the descrip-
of Kelsey's plum and the
the indications are that the
f our gardens is a form of
plum, rather than of our
Franchet and Savatier
cultivated everywhere in
seems to be the only pium
is said.

ino or Melon Pear.
this recently introduced
writer for the Gardener's
s the following, thenotes
points being by the editor
ing this you will receive,
specimens of the fruit of
melon Pear, grown on my
it Pleasant. N. J., from
ed last spring from Dr.
n of Fresno, Cal., who dis-
plant in Guatemala, Central
Introduced it. -
s, I regret to say, are neither
grown, though the plants
nd blossomed most abun-
ummer, the flower resem-
that of the potato.
ome cause unknown to me,
sd to "' very re-
ate I fear ripen properly.
y about two pears to each
literally hundreds of blos
d and Garden of this monti
being grown this plant daur
Summer on their trial
Little Silver, but failed t(
t whatever, but why th(
Garden calls it Solanun
do0 ot unnderbtand. Tht
materially from the onm
it, in leaf, fruit and fl'boej
e something more than thai
wording to my observations
calls it Solanum Guatemal
ts place of origin. It ii
his plant that its fruit con
SThis I think you w ill fin(
. on an examination of t hi
mature a, they are. Thi,
don't understand. but look t(
remarks on the subject.
offers from that of Solanui
ot only in its absence o:
the hollow centre, resem
at particular the common
which it is said to resemble

Swauwick, Ill.. who adver
on pear in his catalogue
nts can be winLered safely
m cellar, like potatoes, dah
if properly protected cat
e ground.
both ways. Fearing fros
ago I had one half of thi
Sand stored in a coal pit-
iropose letting remain, in thi
proper protection. Sbouli:
h survive, I will give then
next season. Should n(
atervene for a fortnight, i
ame of this fruit may ripen
that event you may hear
in. ,
se it has been regarded as
e egg-plant, Solanmiain Me
ough the statement of somi
o first senitit out. Plant
r. Eisen in the spring, a
note from our correspond.
at it is quite a distinct ape
o Watson, of Cambridge
.een working up the plant.
naela. It would be best fo
ave good specimens to sent
m, so as to get the exac

ts perfect their pistils before
are mature, and hence d&
lien for fertilization fror
a. Only the later flower
It may be the case here.
y plants. as the banana ani
., will perfect the fleshy par
without any.fertilization a
seed are not produced, ani
y be the case with the Sola
ain, after fer utilization, tber
*ulty in the power of nutri
ovaries, though fertilized
what is the case here, cal
by careful observation.
evidently requires a long
n to perfect itself. W
se localities where it has
it will be an. admirabi
Dr. Eisen deserves muc1
reducing it.-Eo. G. M.]
)r'is, proprietor of the sil
-ing Garden,' has returned
rth and willtdevote the wia
orm culture. This industry
'e more attention in Florida
has been playing havoc wit
I1 and-winter. Many hay
ii of- their fattening :hog(
nainder have been greatly.
esh, and some of our facr
t rhey can't get. them fa

SOak Banner of -nerty.




What 'Round-the World Stevens
and Champion Howell Say
of the Sport.
The popularity of 'cycling is growing.
Thomas Stevens, who has just, been
around the globe on a wheel, says that
the best rods in the :world.are found in
British India;, -The Grand Trunk road is
1,600 miles,' an 'unbroken highway of
marvelous perfection,- from Pershawar
on the Afghan 'ront-ier to Calcutta. It
is made of smooth, .hard, natural con-
crete,-beds of.vwhich lie along the line.
How such roads would be appreciated
by the enthusiastic.'cyclers of this coun-
t ry I
The wonderful achievement of Mr.
Stevens, in the face of myriad dangers,
entitles him to all his honors.
The fast riding champion of the world,
however, is Richard.Howell, of Leices-
ter. England. He is a splendidly made
fellow, between 25 and 30 years of age,
six feet high, and weighing, in training,
about 160-pounds.
He commenced riding in. 1879 and in
1881, at Belgravia grounds, Leicester, he
won the one-mile championship of the
world, boating all the best men of the
From that time his career has been
one of almost'unbroken successes. He
came to the United States in 1884 and
1885, and at the great Springfield tour-

A Home-made Beverage Suited b
: .to the Times.
In these days of prohibition it, may not
be "good form" even to suggest any t
easier and cheaper modeof m king "pale O
ale," "lager," or "brown stout," than the t
ordinary "malt and hops" [glucose, coc- t
ulus, indicus, etc?] style, but as neither
malt. hops or those other pleasant chem-
icals are at present produced in Florida, i
and as it is one of our leading principles d
to cease paying tribute to outsiders and .
to keep our money at home, I venture to i
resuscitate a discovery made by Robert
Hare, M. D., professor of chemistry- in i
the University of Pnnsylvania, in 1828,
and reported-to John Hare Powell, EIq.,
Corresponding Secretary of the Penn- t
sylvania Agricultural Society. 0
The paper of Prof. Hare. from which
I quote, is entitled, "On the Saccharum
of the Sweet Potato, and its Fitness to I
Make Beer," and reads thus: .
"Dr. Tidyman, of South Carolina. r
lately supplied me with some sweet po- n
tatoes of a kind in which sweet matter
is peculiarly abundant, and requested :
that I would ascertain if there were any
sugar in them. Having pared, and by I
means of the instrument used for slicing
cabbage or cucumbers, reduced them eto
very thin slices, about a pound was
boiled in alcohol, of the specific gravity
of .845, which appeared to extract all
the sweetness, yet, on cooling, yielded
no crystals of sugar. The solution being
subjected to distillation, till the alcohol
was removed, an uncrystallizable syrup
remained. In like manner, when
aqueous infusions of the potatoes were
concentrated, by boiling or evaporation,
the residual syrup was uncrystallizable.
It appears, therefore, that the sweet
matter of this vegetable is analagous to
molasses, or thesaccharum of malt. Its
resemblance to the latter was so remark-
able that I was led to boll a wort, made
from the potatoes, of proper spissitude,
say s. g. 1060, with a due quantity of
hops, about two hours. It was then
cooled to about 65 degrees, and yeast
was added. As far as I could judge the
phenomena of the fermentation and the
resulting liquor were precisely the same
as if malt had been used. The wort was
kept in a warm place until the tempera-
ture, 85 F., and the fall of the head,
showed the attenuation to be sufficient.
. Yeast subsequently rose, which was re-
moved by a spoon. By refrigeration, a
' farther quantity of yeast precipitated,
from which the liquor being decanted,
became tolerably fine for new beer, and
in. flavor exactly like alemade from
malt. .
1 "I have computed that five bushels of
, potatoes would produce as much wort as
e three bushels of malt, but I suppose that
the residue would, as- food. for battle, .k.
0 worth half as much as the potatoes em-
Sployed. I believe it possible to make as
r good liquor fromtmalt in-this couintfy as
t in England, but that in our climate much
more vigilance is required to have it in-
' variably good, principally because the
- great and sudden changes of tempera-
L ture render malting much more pieca-
Srious. Should the saccharum of the
e sweet potato prove to be a competent
seubtit tte for that of germinated grain,
Sthe quality will probably be less variable,
since its development requires but little
Skill and vigilance.
I Besides, as it exists naturally in the
plant, it may be had where it would be
a almost impossible to make or procure
i malt. Hops, the other material for beer,
require only picking and drying to per-
fect them for use. They are indigenous
to the United Sthtes, and may no doubt.
t ie raised in any part of our territory i?i
. "I have dried, in my evaporating
Seven, some of the sweet potatoes in slices.
It seems to me that in this state they will
t keep a long while, and may be useful in
a making leaven for bread. They may
- take the place of the malt necessary in a
e certain proportion to render distiller's
Swash fermentable. The yeast yielded by
n the potato beer appeared in odor and
) flavor to resemble that from malt sur-
t prisingly, and thequ nilty in proportion
n was as great. In raising bread it was
r found equally efficacious.
"I propose ihe word Suavin, from the
& Latin soav's, sweet, to distinguish the
. syrup of the sweet potato. The same
a word might, perhaps, beadvantageously
applied as a generic appellation to mo-
s lasses and the uncrysiallizatle sugar of
- grapes, of honey and of malt. Crystal-
. lizable sugar might be termed saccha-
rine, since the terminating syllable of
Ssacchlarum is appropriate in, chemistry
Sto metals." *



Gone where the Woodbine Twineth..
ats are smart, but "Ron O RATs" bets
Bugs, Flies, Beetles, Moths, Ants, Mosquitoes
ugs, nses, Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
n weasel, Gophers, Chipmunks Moles,
Musk Rats, Jack Iabits. Squirrels. 16c. & 25.

"ROUsH ON RArs" is a complete preventive
and destroyer of Hen Lice. a x5c. box of
'"RroU ON RiATS" to a pai] of whirtwanb,
kp it well stirred up whble applying'. Whire-
wah the wbol miterior of the nnr inside
and ou,.'rjme of the nesta.s. The cure is radical
and complete. POTATO BUGS
For Potar, Bu s, insects on
Tt i rns. Shrubs, Trs, I peourd
b..xo "Roen oN PRA's"iAg-
/m '. ulmtural Siz to be- tIwovgTfjilU
mi Jm dli thb one to two barrels
of later. or what isbette-rair
.J slacked lime Much dperi-Jds
: LIFn tborc,-uo h imxiri, s.:. as
to c,:,mplirtelv dJ_-mbute LWhe'i--,cni,. wrinkle
It on plants, trees .or shrubs when damp or
wet, and is quite effective when mixrd with
lime, dusted on without moisture. While iW
its concentrated state .i is bhe mst active
and strongest iofall Buz Pc-ison; when mixed
as above ra comparaniely harmless to aim-
male or persons, in any quantity they would
taie trUrtierr.d to use in liquid form,a table-
-,-,oftul of I he full sLrengtD "RocoB ON RATS'
P, Jwdr, well shaken, m a lhe of water and
appLed ;'ith a sprinkling po-c npra' syringe
r.r w .iii br:.cm, will bte found very c efftctl. .
Eeu it wt1l stirred ,ip wh-le- uar.g. ',:l.i by
..i lq, diis, a tid ctnr-kevprs IV-. ,'- C i.
E S. WCLLS. Piem,-.t, Jer.cey "ity, N J.

Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now for delivery dor-
Ing- April, May or June, o my superior race
of pure

Italian Bus andi OUlRe .
Queens by mall a specialty.
Give me a trial order
For prices or other I njormat Ion, address
Eusiis. Orange Co., Fla.
Genlie Washiuguo an DoubIle imperial Navels.

Order Now if you wish to be in time.
We offer for Fall and Winter Delivery a choice
Also. the VILLA FRA.NOA, best and hardies.t o
Lemons. Also, Early Spanish, Jaffa. Majorca,
Malta Oval, and nc-arly all varieues oqf Orange,
Lemon and .Lime. 'We also offer for the'
first time to Florida orange growers the
Most Prolific Navel known, and the
W inter Park, Orange County, Fla.
Sl:")u L.:squats 18 to 86 inrhcss in beigiht, stocky,
three year J'rom seed once transplanted, well
irotea. Seu .selected from choice truit growYn
by E. H. HEmt I, of Federal Point. Alsn.lot of
Scuppereongand Thomas Grape Vines, iwo and
three years Iron layers, strong and well rooted.
Address, 0. R. THACHER,
Fairview Nurarlies, San Mateo, Fla

GLEN ST. MARY. Baker Caouniy, 'Ila.
Peaches, Pear', Apr.cut,. Japan Kelsev Plum
For catalogue ally i A. A ELS
McClenny, Baker Co., Fla.

8r0i.000 Orange, Lemon and other-varieties of
the citrus family fnd other fruiltssuited to this
climate. Slnok In the besttof conailiOn forlo*kge
orders. Correopondnc- solicited. No charge.
'for packing andshlRp.igi.z'-Catalogude free.- .
A dress, .
"" Palatka. Fla.

- -- .- -

E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond. Fla.


E. T. PAINE, President.


Florida Orange Food...................$2S.00 per ton.
Florida Vegetable Food............. 28.00 per ton.
Also German Kainit, Sulphate of Potash, etc.
Send for circulars and prices.



a- s. HLEA LE

Southern Produce a Specialty.
Co-s61inmenti. sulJ:ited annd rliu'u- made
pr.omprty. Slten.-ils and ii arnketreponrt flurnish-
-d :-n a pi), atir-n.
leierErin ce6-Chirbinn. N tor inBakTri urbcr,
Wh -larid '-v.. N"ew Y :rk C tir:l air,- Bnis a, d
:[Uiiihcli'd Pt,.:J]e M>ie'siD[. ,,f Na w York,
PbhiaJ'elppia Buatlir-e and- B,-..
Sp',_ i ta.1"'? ri anc q 11[ht fuirr.ished by
I. P' Imir, ixleiale C',lon--i..n Mvrchani,
.t' Reade street.


Commission Merchant
- M.AKIN' A tELCi.tL'lv .F


10 S, Calvert St., a 104 Cheapse,
Balinimure ha. a large oirlet f.:.r oranges. it it
a afi,:. t.'.Lu- ri-Vtsi e market; lr.- dii'-tuate but
Reierenc,', iii- m.,an shippers i,n Florida,
ese., atlir P. P. Bsho.,p and Borland Bros.,
Citra; Snircd Baily., Dr. W. R. DeWiltt, San
Mateo; A. J B-acb, Palhtka: Robert BoJIhck,
Eq.,0.:sai;J. P B. Walker, silverr Springs.

EstaDUsed 1853. Incorporated 1887.



F-lorida Oranges.

218 dnd 220 Wash100o Street New York City,
Remittancesand Acconnt Salts sent immedi-
ately after goods aro 6old. Stnnoila and Market
Reports fua-nihed on application.

Farmers' Alliance.

Thie ONLY paper owned and run by an organ.
utanion of FARMERS lu iheSouth.

The oillcial organ or the


Each Issuae Is complete with valuable reading
matter for not only Farmers but all.professions
Read t.andsee. It wit keep them -posted, uoi
only on A.liance matters but on all question
thai affect the' interests o Fariner: ",'It wil
advocateauch measures as will be' for .the-beal
Interests of Farmers. It has a cirOulation in
ten states and offe s one cf the besi adver.inlng
'ied iiims in the South. IMerchahts, Farmers
Frut Gro'ers,'asn, all who ai:sh tokeeppostea
on the great.-st reform movement of the -ge
-should read th -

S. rLO.n FAieEr.

. Sulbsc ription-l' $1leiyear.
*This .s the !Best and. Ohoa
-.oitli. OSWA
Editor and I

Samile copies tee:.
pest wee kly.n. I he

LD Wlli.i'; ,-
Blnsln-ss Manager,
Mariannna, Fla.

-. -. .


ament in 1885 won seven out of eight FREE, ONE SAMPLE GOPY.
aces. -E EMo
TIn the 'Cycling News iEnglandt. O.,to- Before yon cideie where to go in SotLrFH
er 1st, 1887, is -the following interview FLORIDA. send tora sample copy of
"What are your best. performances?'
"This -ear I did a full mile on the You will dd betteraand cheaper bargains in
kThis year C t mite on s uMNE.(':,urT in groc.s, farmk. ranches t.f
tack at Coventry in -'. minutes ;35 eac- anysize. BeiBding lh-.ts.on radroad, river or sea-
onds. Good judges think, with every- side. Ihe propretor of 'The O0range Grove.'" is
thing in my favor, I could do 2.3L) for an ",old r.imer," but neither moss b ck'd or lud.
hg imy bound; he is here to, stay and *There is mdilons
thedistance." .in it." '-bree Millions o, Acres.,an his Books.
"What is your system for training?" Address THE GROVE LIVERPuOL, FLA.
"I eat plain good food, and plenty of
t. I take a little walk before breakfast, WTANTED.
and then, after that meal, if I am loggy, A tnant w-b, understands the reaing annd
ride eight or nine miles on the track tlaiient :,i'garden truck 'ind truir, tociidate
here, in thick flannels. After dinner I a large fari aand orannroeaon shares. Best
do some more -slogging' work, and may aouit lharm..ilanid rug A an aaiti Trodrthr
be a walk and early to bed. *: uoyBs lasrgen ough and inot afraid to w-.rk crn
- But there is one idea of minewhich Ihearr.i.a rare e-ianve bV ].ihaio.d) )I )ne Un-
have found invaluable. If I have done '-i. at --qi rs d J. H. VIER.
too much work, or my system is out of
order, or if 1 don't feel quite sound, I .. -
take what ha Ihave used since I was FRUIT TREES AND PLANTS
queer' in 1883. I have always found ALL KINDS OF cHOICE vARIETIES.
that Warner's Safe Cure sets me up and For free catalogue address
puts me to rights again, and it is a TEXAS HIIL NITURSERIES.
remedy which I believe in and tell all CHARLES KELLER, Monticello, Fla.
my friends about.
In the Winter time, especially, when
you can easily understand I am not so PROFIT 11N FRUIT CULTURE.I
careful of my health af in the spring, n
summer or autumn, I have found it in- Kelsey nd other valuableaPlums. 2on000
valLeConte, Kewifer and cther Pears and.epeiri rn
valuable. LeConte stock. All the aluableid Orieal
"All I want to beat the fastest bicy- and Southern. Fruits. !imihur Trees, Olirnv,
clist in the world, is plenty of practice, Prunes. Nut Trees of allind. Jerse attic.
an occasional dose of my favorite and i hersey Red Hogs. 'See-ds ,i Forage" Plants.
an occasional dose of my favorite, a Highest Quality, Lowest Prices. Valuable in-
my machine." formation in illustrated ,aitr:,gu'e tree.
S"When I am about right in weight I Cherokee Farm and Nurseries.
content myself with short, sharp bursts Iva" i.. ...
as hard as ever I can go on the track, FOR SALE OR EXCHANCE
and when I can cover 440 yards in thirty ,R" SALE -"O -'-""-- ---
seconds with a flying start I reckon to be O- .
moving as well as I want to." NURSERY STOCK!
Bicycling is glorious sport; but it has A Standard Picket Fence Machine. Two per-
its physical ill effects which, however, sons can weave from one to two hundred rods in
can be easily overcome by the method a day, fro to 6 feet high, at a cost of fronm
used by Champion Howell. to 50 cents a rod. Also White LeghornCoc
erels of the Knaun strain.






This otu-nal uillj bare for isA leadui object
the prooncin t f rural idinusn-ies Ln Florida, and
w Mlu adiiscrte e wpetialdy a more divrLed and
-tecnasie system of aricnJdrre and greater
economy of homeresources. -
Aoinn that the agririelnuraiadaptationsot
& large tortih n iot Florida are a fret nt uiperta-
fetly .-lindetreod, a pcecial aim of thiL journal
ild be to decritbe the best results which have,
nc-n accompliashed, with the exact rmersthrod em-
ployed. and all influences affecting such results;
ai itseo anogget experiment, describe new oittle
knownm cro.pn, frui, etc., and record the progress
o.f agri.Ldrure in neighboring States. .
Commrenci-ng with the first d con-
tLtnun, throw derhtheseaon for

Tree Planting,
There will be a SerieS of articles on fraits-ther
than thb e of too citrus group-whiudh Iave-
proved moat ac'essfEdull in this State. Each a- ,
rniety will be deecrirnd and

Illustrated, '
And tnere wiLU be notes irom persi;L6 who have
ha-d eIEriencire in its coliranon. This will be
followed by as auiilar eeres on
Forage Plants,

And otner sniiects wUlbe illustrated to a limited
Much attention will bei devoted to -

Live Stock
And to the home productionofforage and fertill-
zera, tw.o economies whituch are easential to Bsue-
cesasnl farming.
A doe amount of space will be devoted to
household economy and to report of the mar-
kers, and the departments of


Veterinary -
Practice, etc.
will be contributed to by persons who have made
specialties of those branches.
All portions of the State will receive a duoe
amount of attention, and their interests will be
represented by able correspondent-.
Under no circumtances.will tbhiJournal hbe
come the "organ of any assOciation or locality.
It will start out untrimmelled and will repre-
sent all sections and intereast with absolute im-

Published at JacksonviNll e on Wednesday
of each weekL: '

One Year ',- 960
Six Monfiths ...............f,.... 1 00
Three Months 0

Address aubecriptions and otherjnistiees.oom-
manJ catons to .-

omni ciatlps'n-foFrhie edlorial d -print

,. -
.....~ ~~ A go ._. .-..
-: .i'.. -- :'.:7 : . '. X.














How Regarded by a Noted Ag-
riculturist of Texas.
"W. P. N.," of Pinellas, Fla. (in July
Cultivator, page 809), says, we have here
in Florida downright poor soil, but oh,
what weeds and grass! It fairly beats
Texas land that will make a bag of cot-
ton or forty bushels of corn per acre.
Why will not this land even make peas?
Wha shall I add to it for a corn crop?
He then goes on and describes the land.
It is the same crawly white sand that is
in every Southern State and in nearly
every county. The editor says if it makes
grass he can't see why it will not make
corn, and he gives several suggestions for
If "W. P. N." had said he tore that
white sand up deep late in spring the
editor's answer would have been: Firm
your land by breaking up four months
before planting, turning under all trash
and covering the surface with fresh or
rotten manure of any kind, behind the
plows on the fresh broke land, and stir
it only sufficient to keep'down all foul-
ness, and shallow as possible before plant-
ing. After planting (which should be
done on a level) stir it at farthest once
every ten days very shallow; the stalk
will be small but the ear will be good.
The roller will not do; nothing but time
will do the work after breaking. On
such land weeds or grass may come up
in early spring; they do not, however,
make much growth until late, after the
land becomes ripe and firm.
This white sand is not best for corn
except when large quantities of ammo-
niated manures are applied on the sur-
face, as the small growth of stark indi-
S cates. Manure turned under or put
under the drill, will cause the land to
keep too loose and dry, when if applied
on the surface it will cause the water' to
stand nearer the top of the ground. (I
know nothing about chemistry except
what I gain from nature by experience.)
On our place we have black waxy, red
waxy, black sandy, white sandy, red
sandy, yellow sandy land, and different
clearings up for forty years. On all
these I have tried manures of several
'kinds-lime, acid phosphate on some;
and on each they have different effects.
The black waxy and white sandy give
largest returns from manure if on the
surface, -but plowed under, lodges at
fruiting time. Red and yellow are very
moist; the manure can be applied any
way; manure on the black sandy, with-
out lime, only adds to the already too
large stalk, except applied so as not to
be taken up by the plant's roots until
fruiting commences. The red waxy is
S the richest of all lands and cannot he
beaten for grain in any State. but it hba
-an underdrain or porous subsoil, which
makes it very uncertain' for cotton or
other summer crops, but is much the
-- fastest land in spring. The black waxy
S andc.a ndy are the slowest, suest
." cottonransi' The black land in West-
S" ern Texas has a porous subsoil 'and is
uncertain for cotton but fine-for grain.
Our black land is the same color thirty
feet down, and holds winter in-its soil
until late in the spring. When cotton is
* waist high on red waxy it will not be
knee high on black waxy or white sandy,
S but we never think of drought hurting
S the two last named. or wet hurting the
first named hired land.)
.:. We break white sand and black land
: first viefore Christmashanud black sand
last; yet want all land broke from two
to four months before planting. The
farther south the fighter the lighter the freezing in
winter; therefore the longer it takes the
'" soil to disintegrate (become ripe, mellow
and firm): it will become hard. dry and
harsh after first heavy plains but will
relax in from two to four months. After
relaxing the surface should be kept
S open. There is -but little laid in the
South that a four weekS' drought will
hurt, and it matters not how plowed,
except the main rootsi aie torn up they
are from one to two inches below the
surface of firm dirt. not more), if broken
up and cultivated as above,-and all ma-
nure kept near the surface. The roots
of nearly all plants feed from above the
soil, not the clay. To demonstrate this.
drop your plow down near the stalk of
cotton the middle of July when the tap
root reaches five or six feet below, two
nches deeper than the earlier cultivation
has been, into firm land and see how
Quickly the stalk will wilt; stirred shal
low it becomes greener. Whitesand needs
the surface stirred oftener in cultivating
the crop than any other land: this is not
to make it crumble but to give it life.
Black sandy and bottom lands need
deeper, so as to keep the roots out of soil
S until fruiting: otherwise will have too
much stalk.
Up to five-years ago the white sandy
land here on the river was of very,
little value for cotton, and it was said
that Red River whitesand never made a
flat grain of corn. Weoften wished our
white sand was a hole in the ground
But we finally found out its value. We
sold corn to an old gentleman on hill
white sand seven consecutive years, 'and
when he died his twenLy-two-year-old
son, as usual, came down after corn
about the middleof November. We had
all of our available teams plowing down
and undercornstalks. W.e had a large lot.
"of cotton seed and stable manure on
and, so we hired him to take his wagons
S" ... and hands and spread it oi the ground
behind the plows, and drag a pole over
to press the manure in the fresh-plowed
land. This was new and novel to him;
he thought it ought to be before the
plows or put in the drill. He became
: very inquisitive and I explained, but
told him that it would not do for his
white sand. He insisted, however, that
L he would never haul another load of
corn from Red River, and well did he
keep his pledge, for he never came back
after any more. Early the next Novem-
ber I met bis mother, and the first words
S she said were these: "We won't have to
buy corn this year, for my son went to
f, plowing as soon as be got home.

the same as we did our red land, and ha
plowed his corn every week or ten days,
shallow, until he laid by. Instead of ten
bushels we shall make twenty five to the
acre." So I at once sent back to my
brother to put the plows into the white
sand. He did so, turning under all the
crop of cotton it made (about 400 pounds
per acre.of seed cotton); in the spring w
bedded up shallow, without centre fur
row, dragged off with a pole, so that the
seed would go into the firm land left
under the bed; plowed the cotton every
ten days. We gathered 800 pounds of
lint Der acre; soon as cotton was picked
started plows for the next crop; after
breaking touched it no more until we
went to laying off and dropping it in
corn; run around the corn eight times
with double shovel and laid by with
turning plow; gathered sixty bushels of
corn per acre. We now consider this
white land our chief corner stone, in
cotton especially.-Jeff. Wellborn in
Southern Cultivator.


Its Use in the Orchard and for
People differ very much in regard to
the use of the cow pea as a fertilizer.
While some say turn them under when
about to bloom, others say let them die
and rot on top of the ground. We have
seen both processes tried, and think the
best results are obtained by turning un-
der. This should not be done close to
trees, as the green manure will heat
while decomposing and injure the trees.
They should be planted four feet from
small trees and eight feet from large
ones to turn under, but they may be
planted thickly near trees and left to de-
cay there with very good results, as they
serve as a mulch and to shade the
ground from the hot sun. The wild or-
ange grows in moist, shady places, and
the tree in cultivation should be given
like treatment as far as possible.
We do not believe in clean culture,
and in leaving our groves exposed to the
hot rays of a semi-tropical sun, for this
is contrary to the laws of nature. We
are not an Anarchist, but we believe in
law and order, without which all would
be chaos and confusion. The land
which lies exposed to the sun without
protection is a worthless sand bank or a
desert. Nature is a correct teacher, and
those who study her laws will be most
sure to come out right.
As soon as the peas are turned under
plant again. They will not be injured
by the heat above or that beneath. They
can stand the longest drought and the
hottest sun better than any other plant
we have. They have roots from one to
one and a half feet long, very much
knotted and fitted to resist all opposing
elements. When used for fodder they
should be cut when the peas commence
to ripen, for after that the leaves soon
dry-.and fall off. They\ are relished by
horses and cattle. It cut off near the
ground they will rattoon and soon grow.
up again.. They should be put- inastacks
when dried, with a cover bver them. If
put in a barn they will get damp and
mold. Outside the wind keeps them
from molding.
Dried peas are good chicken feed, and
we have never seen hens lay better than
when fed on them Where fowls are
kept in a pea field the peas will be free
from worms, as they eat up all the bugs
and insects that do the mischief. A
cow-fed on green pea vines will soon in-
crease her flow of milk, and it will also
improve in, quality., She eats it as if she
thought it grew on purpose for her use.

A Florida Invention.
Editor Ilorida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
After seeing so many anxious inquiries
in the horticultural press of Florria for
a good and efficient working plow
coulter, adjustable to any plow,, for cut-
ting and turning under completely crab
grass, dog fennel, tea weed, Jerusalem
oak and all otlhr ,weeds that grow in
Florida, I would refer all who wish a
coulter of this description to Mr. D. A.
Moon, of Orlando, Fla.
After Mr. Moon came to Florida he
experimented more or less of his time
for three years to invent an efficient
working coulter for cutting and turning
under the rank weeds, and he has suc-
ceeded to a very satisfactory degree. He
makes two sizes of coulters, for one and
iwo horse plows, which are sold at $4
and $4.51 respectively.
I have plowed five acres covered with
the above named weeds of very rank
growth, and had it not been for an occa-
sional light wood knot that would throw
the coulter out, one would not be able to
see a particle of grass where the coulter
hadl gone through. Of course it is neces-
sary to use a drag chain to bend down
tall weeds. I would not part with my
coult-r for $25 if I could not get-another
just as good. "
This implement lessens the draft con-
siderably for the horse, besides making
the work easier for the plowman, and
enables him to turn under all vegetation
for the enrichment of the land. It is the
experience of those who have tried the
ordinary rolling coulters, like those that
go with the Moline and Avery plows,
that they are nowhere in comparison
with Mr. Moon's patent roller coulter
and jointer combined. In conclusion, I
would say that. no progressIve farmer
can afford to be without this valuable
invention. H. H. HARVEY.
SEFseaR, Hillsborough Co., Fla.,
December 12, 1887.

Cotton Oil a Preservative.
I am a wagon maker and I have used
cotton seed oil in my business nearly
three years. I find it is better than either
coal oil, kerosene or linseed. I oil all
my stock with it and it keeps away
worms absolutely. It also preserves the
wood and brings out the grain. Single-
trees, spokes and hubs are particularly
benefited. Mail carts, village carts and.
wagons that are made in natural colors
are 'much bandsomer if ihe wood receives

two coats of cotton seed oil. The oil is
absorbed rapidly by the pores of the
wood, and does not gum, and in hot
weather does not sweat out. I use the
summer yellow oil, and have recom-
mended it to many friends, who like it
now as much as I do.-A. R. B., in Farm
and Home.

Beneficial During Drought and
in Malarial Regions.
We glean the following from the New
Orleans Picayune:
Quite a lively discussion has been car-
ried on this season in Illinois and other
Western journals in regardto the effect
of tile draining on the weather. Stub-
born facts have been brought up on both
sides to support theories, but we think
that those who contend that lands tile
drained stand drought better than
those not tile drained have decidedly
the best of the argument. It has
even been contended that extensive tile
draining produces droughts; but this
theory is not well sustained. And others
have gone so far as to charge the unusual
freshets and deluges in the Ohio river
that have occurred in the last five or six
years to tile drainage.
An Illinois correspondent of the New
York Tribune speaks strongly in favor of
tile drainage thus:
"I have lived in Illinois twenty years
and seen a marvellous change in the
whole country-roads impassable nine
months of the year made good forever;
slimy, loathsome, malaria-disseminating
ponds changed to fields of such fertility
as the world never saw: a sallow, shiv-
ering, cadaverous set of mortals changed
to ruddy, healthy, vigorous men and
women. I have watched the growth of
a system of agriculture second to none on
the earth, and what caused it? Ask the
thousands of healthy, happy, thrifty
farmers all over this glorious State and
they will answer, 'Tile.'"
Possibly, in some kinds of soils where
drainage is but little needed on account
of a porous subsoil, the effect of tile
draining in severe droughts may have
done some harm, but in stiff subsoils
such drainage must prove favorable
everywhere. It has always been con-
tended that in droughts these drains
contain moisture from the atmosphere,
and distribute it upward to the roots of
R. E. Korkarn, sergeant S. 0C., U. S.
A., in the Farmers' Budget, Sterling, Ill.,
proves that the average rainfall has ac-
tually increased in Illinois since tile
draining was first commenced in that
State; that more rain fell since 18'3 than
fell during the period previous to 1873,
and that there has been a steady increase
in rainfall in that State since the first
records were made.
Organic Matter in the Soil.;
In all well cropped soils the roots of
the crops, together with portions which.
remain upon the soil, especially when
grass is raised, form a gradually increas-
ing. amount of organic matter, which be-,
comes incorporated with the soil by plow-
ing and tillage and adds greatly to the
capacity of the soil. The presence of or-
ganic matter in the soil increases its fer-
tility bty equalizing the amount of water
which the soil will retain, so it defends
the plants against droughts. : .-
It not only absorbs water like a sponge
when it rains, but in dry weather it ab-
stracts moisture from the air, which it
yields to the plant, besides it arrests and
retains certain kinds of plant food which
might otherwise be washed away or down
through the soil by rains. Again, by its
color, it absorbs theheeat of the sun and
thus warms the soil, and by its slow de-
composition, which is going- on all
through the growing season', it produces
carbonic acid gas, which, being dissolved
by the water, aids in- dissolving and pre-
paring other constituents of the soil to
be taken up by the crops.
Organic matter is therefore to' be in-
creaed in soils in which it is not natur-
ally t,,oo abundant, in every economical
way. Hence composts consisting largely
of such organic constituents as straw,
leaves, swamp hay, sods, weeds, peat,
swamp muck and woods mold, are to be
recommended, quickened /with stable
manure, or with wood ashes or lime, in
place of concentrated fertilizers, which
supply only the constituents supposed to
be removed. Those articles, in the form
of bone dust, ashes, potash salts, etc.,
may well be'added to any compost, and
are thus often most conveniently ap-
plied to the soil.--American Agricultur-

Regi-.tere i rale "Pain" N1:. 9tli0,t A. J. ( C.,
. grantl-dan. Eurita', who made 7;Ilb's '[ but-
,er in e n icen mn h1., heads the hbrd Graded-
Jerey- Cattle and Notire Trotrtng a&b. Work


C"heapert ano neu Weill F.,r.ce Pump: Will never
Freeze. For lntrdi, tl.:-n ii yTour localir'-will nam
Dealers Priecs or Single Pump. ltaE oeaetb
-of e ell Vo l-e. manufacture ithe Irtet Improorea
ojtidit. t'-.r Siprlilyng Frull Tree uand Couon
FIleld., Ha r re Send for
eher by H and or Horse Power. Cathl. U.


Ido nuot end to Georgia for mystock and then
seU temrn a'. Flrida Trees
Pr,-cs very low. Send 'or circulars.
MacC.enny, Fla.

Furniohed at l1 per hundred. $8 per athouvand
live hundred at one thousand rates

Fanmy Poultry and Hnltiu Dogs.
Eggs For *Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
---$1 2PEE" 13--
Also Thoroughbred Young Setters and Hounds.
Manatee, Fla.


Rotted Bone Manure.
Price, $25 per tonfree on board in Jackson-
ville, or at factory price when delivered in
New York.

Muck Ten Cents Per Cord.

If you wish to get out muck cheaply get a

For particulars address

McMeekin, Fla.

Are the King of Turkeys, attaining greater size
in less time" than any known breed. Gobblers
when matured will weigh 85 to 45 pounds.
Are the largestbreedof ducks. Goodlayers and
very productive of feathers. Color, a creamy
white. Send for Illustrated Descriptive Price
List. Address, L. D. STAPLES,
Portland. Mich.

Grape Vines

Suited to the Soil and Climate of

Grown and for Sale at

E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, also
for Price List of

Florida Wines.

XississiDpi Valloy Poultry Yards,

Breeds Prize Winning
Plymoth Rocks, Wyandottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.

Won all the Leading Prizes at the
.North lississippi Potlary Show at
Water Valley. Feb. 9 to 12. IS87i_
Farmers wishing to improve their stock can
get SPECIAL BAIRGAIOS of me. I iso, ell a
First-C01ass Incubat.or
Poultry Journals and Books at Red..ced Prices.
Send for Catalogue and Price List, free; or
write for wanti.
Please mn,-n D-v th 6 paper.

Improved Peaches,

and No. 7, are round peaches, average size,
ripening from May 10th to July st. Then Bid-
well's IMPROVED PEEN-TO,1 o. 1, i- flat, bit
larger and thicker from stem tobl..:.i,:m than its
parent. ,
In 'Quality Not Excelled by Any
Peach Out,
with not a pi-'t.le, at any stage of rlpeuine,
of that I.itterso obiectl.uableii tn tih Pen-t.).
Ripens witi Bid weIll' Earvly.
t'hee are all wedlina-- ot the Peen-to, a de-
scndalnt doubt ourthat frit,"f'otun,1 by Alhhi-
son in the Hazardarakhlr Ravio-..n. Aignanistan;
a form wth different shape [from that of the
almond, belrig larger and latterr" "Tne whole
tLrub re,-3-6irk-e wnat :'i.e m ilit :,:.nsi ,er a wild
formn of the (IA-?h, oi nearly evergreen foliage."
As I ani awaro therl are many ptlrioue trees
bi-ing offered, I wtidd givro % nord f Ioauton 1to
the, later. Mr. Bidwed hn. originated the.e
-rees; oullr tre-es he has grown froru buds cut
troam hi, bearItn trees, most. of thm by hji
o9wn hand.
Ad'-res.s all let-ers., itr information or trees, to
me, *as on account of IIIll health he uas ven me
all bu;inei.Se cO:Unet-d wtib the olde of his tree-3.
Ciij- Ojc'e and Packing Grounds, Main tree
Orlando. .
P. 0. Box 12,l Orlando, nFa.

Wa granted Sed .o
l- -t p, blic [rini'ouso gLt.lheif sfad iWrecUy fro-m the
grower. Raindg a large proportion ,of0 wy~eedeuaales. ...
m W s to warin't I frrShOne and pinrlty'as se.wy'Vegez'.- :"
ta ile and Flower sert- Ctalaigo for 1585,1 REE-'' -
ror every son and daughter of Adam.--It-ia _
iileralit ) linia .,.ri:, wiit ,ngrav ping. made-drectli
irmm, u ph i.:.ograr.lit of veetaaise rown on m-ey .
I'armai. B 1aldci arn iVi, r ie VTrfl ofiliadard.ed,yrou
Will in n i D It 1. 1 :. e i aljri:.i n, D w Vgtable. not (o nid in
y r other cniol-l. ,?. A8 rhv orlpirig I in Dr.iJoct-r of the
S'Bt. BurbarDK and .iriy"(nt.> Potaro,, HuL bard
Sl a DeeP ha' Cat.tag-. Corv 'Crn, nad Ra .e,,re of oberr
S '.tti rr I trl ,,; p trnree b1 inr, pdbl,
JAMES J. .OEfGORY, Marblehead, Nabs.

We offer the largest and most complete stock cf Citir.', au- Deciduous Fruit Trees now in
South Florida. Our stock is First-Class and prices to, suit m',- trade. Send for Descriptive
Catalogue and Price List. Communicate with
E. H. TISON, Manager Lakeland Nurseries,
Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla

Only genuine1"fig of commerce;" imported by us direct f-om Smyrna. The finest fig grown,
and the one to plant for profit. Write at once for prices and secure trees before stock is ex-
hausted. Also the Ja anese, Satsuma Blood Plum said to be the finest plum in the
world. Japan chesnunts and nuts of all sorts adapted to the So'.:th. Giant Loquats,
Nutmegs, Tamarinds, Jack Fruits, Guavas, etc., etc, Send stamp for catalogue and Guide
to Fig Culture.
Cutler Dade County, Florida.

Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
We mnkesa specialty of the distinctive varieties of Citrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
Imperial, Riverside (buds persoually selected by a member of our Company in Calfornial, and
Washington Navels, Maltese Bloc, Hart's TardiS', Du Roi, Jaffa, Stark' Se edless, Tangerine,
etc. In emons we have Villa Franca, Belair Premium Siclly.Genoa and Eureka. Also, Tahiti
Limes, Peaches (Bidwell's Early, etc.), Plums, White Adriatic igs, etc., etc.
ur Stock is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Catalog free on application.
Address, A. L. DUNqCAN', Manager, Dunedin, Fla.


TA( &(SO.)T'VIITI[jE17] FIJA..

-AND -

We are now prepared to furnish
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.

Catalogue sent free on application.

Kelsey JaDan Plums,Olive Trees, Oranges, Figs, Liemons, Pecas,
By the dozen, hundred or thousand, also a ful. iuppl; o1f other Nursery eatock adapted to
Florida and the Gulf States. Am now hookIna. ordErs for Fall delivery season
~- of 1887-88. Write for Prices. 'atalhgu tree on application.
GLEN ST. AY NURSERiES, G. L. rabor, Prop., Glean 8. Mary, rla

- IW, size lo0x100 '"TZW ron Lake Kingsley. Clay Co., only 810. A
SOi" feeltin LAKEa v' choice 5-acre irae! for an ORANGE
GROVE Cosas bl l8100.
| litH i'.itnl g P ,ne Lan-.s, SaiuLr.:,.u- CI Lmiat, a E.:,o., rnvest-
I meat. end ')2-cntj stam t-r Map ,. etc.. or remit P. 0. Order or Kiii
SBan Draft t.. T. T ALBO a9.nd ?.t -Warranty Deed, Title FLORIDAU
Eu perfect, tri omtne
R- iOIC-)T-c A- TT A 11TD COImP ALY 03-- -- --1,

P. 0. Bos 1'5S.Jacksonville. Florida, 39 W. Bay St.

New York, Charleston and Florida

The elegant steamers of these lIner are app-.iated tu.,sail
Steam1-ersareappointO.dLto fil rom Poer 2t E. R., New York,every TUESDAY and FRIDAY
at ?i&. m T mie.lay ,ahips for Fornandina and Fridav''ssp. forJacksonviue.
Tba Freight and Passenger ac.onmnodati.:an L.t Ini Lune are unsirp ased. Every attention
wil given bulstnesi entrirted to, trhe Line. Dire.t atL shipments fromNew York via ( LYDE'S
FLORIDA LrIE, Pier .2h, East River. For fuirtber information apply to
J. A. STEAD. Ag't, F. M. rRONMONGER, JR., G. F. & P. A., .1. A. LESLLE, Ag't,
Fernandin FIl. Jakluonvdle, Fla. 61 W. Bay St.,Jackonville, Fri-i.
THEE). G E.iER,Traftic ManagerW, P. CLYDE & CO. Gen. Agts,.
35 Broadway., N.Y. 12 So. Wharvez, Phila., Pa ,35 Broadway, New Yurk .

AF.MOx, 0 ooys...

Absolutely Pure Animal Matter-Guaranteed Analysis.


Ammonia, 7 to 7j per cent. Bone Phosphate, 25 to 80,per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid. 12 to 14 per cent.,


A mmonia, 8 to 4 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 50 to 55-per cent. 'Equal to Phos-
: horic Acid. 23 to 25 per cent.
See that our name and Shield Trade Mark ls'on every Saek. Prices and
Samples furnished on application to
IARMOUR & CO., Jacksonville, Fla.


Commission Merchant and Forwarder.


SWayeroas R. R. Wharf,


Bo0llinhoan Orange i Truee Eilsion,
the Beat Insettlekie Extant. Coarse Ground
Bone for Poultry, Soft Soap, and Soap Chips for
making sapsuds for Planta and Vegetables.
P. 0, Box 343. Jaksonvidle, Fla

Wayeross R. i. Depot.,

I have in ,tock and to arrive 250, 0I Bangor Orange Boxes, 10000 Gum and Poplar Orange
Boxes, 200,000 Orange Box Heads, 756,000 Orange Box Hoops, 60,000 Reams Orange Wraps.

and other Growers' Supplies, all of which will be sold at the Lowest Possible Rates..-

I have the very best facilities for the distribution and sale of oranges. Consignments solicited.
Send for Stencils, Circulars and PErice Lists.

-,** ;

. -

1 .

: -7



Manufatuiler :of

Waldo, Fla


Thre PFloria Farmer an Fruit GroWer wrong inflicted by another. Suppose A
refuses to exhibit with B because he has

A. aH. CURTISS. Editor.

Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER is an eight page48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden; 'Orchard and Household Economy
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
Industrialinterests ofFlori da. It is published
every Wednesday. -
Terms of Subscription.-
For one year........... S 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs of five to one address.................... 7.50
With daily TIMES-UNION, one year...... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year........ 2.75
MG-Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed Is the date to which the subscrip-
tion is paid and is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that date; if the date is not
changed immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
Jects 'pertaining to the topics dealt with in
this paper. Writersmay affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full name and
address,'not for publication but as a guarantee
ofgoodfaith. Rejected communications can-
not be returned.
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Check,
Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of
Jacksonville Fla


Fir P., r.-New Varieties of Fruit; Almond
Cuinre in ?Sicily; Kiefferand LeConte; Hor-
ticultural' Surgery (Illustrated); A Fruit
Grower's Experience; Precocious Fruiting of
Grapes; Introduction of the Mulberry; Appre-
ciative and Suggestive; Or'anges in Russia.
SECOND PAGE.-Marks on Fruit Packages;
From the Pacific Coast; The Plums of Japan;
The Pepino or Meloa Pear; Sweet,Potato
TmRD PAGE-White Sandy Land; The Cow
Pea; A Florida Invention; Tile Drainage;
Organic Matter in the Soil; Cotton Oil a Pre-
FourTn PAGE-A Grand Opportunity; Learn-
ing from a Rival; Bubbles Pricked; Nursery
Caral:-guei: An;-wers t. '..rre- :'indi-nt.; By-
Laws.:.f Cherry Lake Alliance; Wholesome
FFTaH PAGE-Our Co,7 C.:'rn-r;. Answers tc
(orsip.:n.ient:" The Fainly Friend; Our
Yi'iag FoLks' Corne-r; The Famil7 E ..hang-.
SnTH Paoi-Te Sair i.:k D-_'eease; Scal.Jing
Hog', tieanblness in Milkneg; The AugorL
G.,at; Fuwi Houses.
Sav-rrTa Paor-Farm MiSLceiiany illta.tracedi
Serial Story, "All the W..rid at War," by
Walter Besant; etc.
EIGHTHa PAGr-tate New. m Brei; A Sbhort
S-.a Island C.op: Tn: S. ib-Irsi.I.ai; Ir ian
River Pineapples; Weather R',ord; Markeri
Rtp:.r s.


From the notice which appears on an-

other page it will be seen that the Sub-
Tropical Exposition is to open on the 12th
of next month. Only three weeks re-
main for preparation, and half of thai
time will be required for the transporta-
tion and placing of exhibits. The
eleventh hour hasarrived, and many are
still lying on their oars and watching
others, aud if they do uot arouse they.
will le badly left in the race. This i's
not only a State exhibit but a competi-
tive exhibit between counties. Suet
may not have been the original inten-
tion, but it has become so through the
fact that many of the counties have
made special appropriations for exhibit
iog their resources.
The counties of Hernaudo. Pasco anu
Citrus have entered into a "tripartite
alliance," and have erected a large anc
elegant building on the Expositiot
grounds, which will advertise thosi
counties extensively. Dural county ha'
approriated $3,000 for a special exhibit
and various other counties have mad'
appropriations for the same purpose
All of these will "hang their signs out'
at the Exposition, and visitors who ar
intending to locate in the State will nat
urally become more interested in such
counties than in those whose names ar.
not represented there. As we view th,
matter, if a county expends $1,000 ii
advertising itself, and if it results oni'
in leading one person to in rest $1,000 ii
that county, the county as a whole wil
lose nothing. There is a probability
that the county will profit from such ar
advertisement in a tenfold or hundred
fold ratio.
It is not necessary to the proper repre
sensation of a county that an appropriate
tion be made by the county commission
ers. Public spirited citizens can do a
much if they will. A town or business
corporation can do so. Persons largely
interested in real estate can do so, an
it may profit them more than any pr
rate investment they can make. Ever
_ citizen who is interested in the sale c
enhancementdn value of real estate, or i
an increase of.population and of money
in circulation, should regard his county
: .- interest in the Exposition as a persona
interest, and give it the same attention
be bestows on hisprivate businessaffair,
.'- For anycounty to hold back on a
i'-' count of sectional jealousy is simply i
punish itself for a real or imaginary

S ....

a grudge against B. This in a competi-
tive exhibit will give B an advantage
very pleasing to him no doubt, and A
will be the sufferer. A citizen of Hills-
borough county writes us a bitter letter
about the quarantine. "It is plain,"
says he, "that this injustice carries on its
face the intent to 'down' the county and
its people. This county has borne more
and suffered more than any other county
in the State from the hands of its op-
pressors. Your 'Sub-Tropical' nor any
other show need not expect Hills-
borough to creep and lick the hands that
have smitten." How far this sentiment
pervades that unfortunate county we do
not know. Whether injustice has been
done is a question hard to decide, but
there is no doubt that Tampa would have
quarantined against any other town in-
Florida in which the same epidemic
might have appeared. Whether or not
Hillsborough 'county feels aggrieved, it is'
folly at such a time to seek to avoid pub-
lic notice by refusing to participate in
this exhibition. The name of the county
-outside of this State-is not associated
with the epidemic, and it may 'therefore
reap as much benefit as any other. The
section between Pinellas and Auclote
would do well in any case to make an
exhibit of its own, it being naturally dis-
tinct from the Tampa region, and de-
pendent on other sources of growth.
It is, perhaps, too late to consider such
questions as the above in their bearings
r on the Exposition. Whatever is to be
done must be done without delay. Time
waits for no man, and the 12th of Janu
ary will soon arrive., The Exposition
building is complete and exhibits already
are being placed. The managers have
done better than we expected, and so
; have the counties in the way of appro-
priations. The Exposition will exceed
the expectations of the most sanguine
There will be no disappointment except
on the part of those who neglect this
grand opportunity.


The people of Florida have fallen Into
L the habit of keeping one eye on Califor-
nia, and it. is well for them to do so, for
; there is much to learn from that very en-
terprising State. Recognizing these
facts we take it that our readers will
t thauk us for keeping a vigilant watch,
as we do, on the California journals and
reproducing matter of special interest.
The leading journals of Southern Cali-
fornia are among our exchanges, and we
glean them carefully foi the benefit of
our readers. We learn the more on ac-
count of the close commercial relations
. existing berweeu California and Japan.
a country which has become of very
considerable importance to American
e The fruit growers of the Pacific coast
have had difficulties to contend with
similar to those of Florida. The ques-
sion of markets. transportation, cold
storage, protection from insects, etc ,
have received their earnest attention.
which has le-l' to results more or less
e beneficial. The insects, however, baffle
e their utmost efforts and threaten to ruin
their orange groves. If such should be
the result, we apprehend it will be for
1 California's ultimate good. The State is
e so distant frim the great markets and
d the oranges are so bulky and perishable
that we cannot believe California can
e reap any practical benefit from this in-
e dustry, except through its temporary ef-
fects on the value of real estate. i-f
e course we do not argue from the land
speculator's standpoint. but with a view
, to general and ultimate prosperity. Sc
e far as we can judge without personally
L- visiting California, there are many other
, industries that present superior attrac
e tions to practical minded settlers.
S But to return to our immediate sub-
n ject. Wecanlearn as much from the
failures of others as from their successes
Our last issue contained the statement
1 that the phylloxera had devastated thb
y Californian vineyards to almost thn
a same extent as in Europe. This is
I. warning not to plant Eure.pan varieties
on their own roots. We have urged this
. repeatedly on the vine growers of Flor-
a ida, aud think the -root of the evil'
n does not exist in this State to.an appre
s ciable extent.
s On the second page of. this issue then
y is reference toa recent loss of an impor
d nation of 10,000 oran'get'reesfrom Japan
i- presumably Mr. Amoore's Unshiu trebs
v of which some account,.was given a fey
)r weeks since. As to the "disease" re
n ferred to, we cannot conjecture what i
y meant. The terrible insect.pest,referre,
's to in another paragraph is the cotton:
al cushion scale, which wds described an
n illustrated in our issue of October 19t,
s. There are no known means of vanquish
c- ing this ehemy except by enclosing'ith
to tree in"a tent and filling the latter wit
y a deadly gas. This is only a temporary

a. peoralivrEffio.

remedy, needing repetition, and is not
likely to be generally adopted.
Thisis undoubtedly the same insect
that almost exterminated' the orange
groves of Cuba. Our orange growers
cannot be too vigilant in watching for
this enemy. A single cutting brought
from California may introduce this scale
and be the source of as great disaster as
a fall in temperature to 10 degrees, or a
general epidemic of yellow fever. Plain
spoken journals, that is, those that tell
the plain truth, are the best friends of
the people. The Los Angeles Porcupine
is of this class, ift we may judge from
the following article, which we com-,
mend to the attention of our readers:
Good level lands in Los Angeles coun-
ty, with a sufficiency of water for irri-
gation, and when we say sufficiency, we
mean enough to flood the land at least
three times. in the year, is worth for
farming purposes from one to two hun-
dred dollars per acre. But a poor man
cau't pay such prices, he.must be full
When alfalfa is cultivated ,the crop
must be flooded once a month. Corn,
pumpkins, alfalfa, hogs, hominy and the
like are our best crops. .The ."citrus
belt" business has played out. The sal-
aried liar of the Monrovia Planet argues
reverently that land, at Monrovia of
course, upon which aman can net $2,000
each year off twenty acres, is certainly
worth $1,000 per acre.
We have valuable farming lands in
Los Angeles county, but not at Monro-
via. At Ballonia, Compton, Dominguez,
Downey, El Monte, Gospel Swamp, San-
ta Ana, Anaheim, and other places we
have unsurpassed farming lands and ahn
abundance of water, but the people who
own and cultivate lands in these places,
knowing their value, are content to keep
them. They don't start newspapers and
hire liars like the Rev. Harvey to lie as
to their value.
We have resided in Los Angeles the
greater part of our life. We spent allof
our spare earnings for sixteen years in
growing an orange grove. None ever
had more care, or were more beautiful.
We grubbed ours up, cut the trees into
fuel and burnt it. Others did and are
doing likewise. Such will be the fate of
every orange tree in our famous citrus
belt; and why? Because the scale bugs
have utterly and absolutely destroyed
the orange groves of Los Angeles, and
every tree in the country will go the
same way. The famed orange groves of
Pasadena and San Gabrielare so infested
with the destroying scale bug as to be
only a question of short time until they
will all go.
Tnere is not one orange grove in Los
Angeles county that we would accept as
a gift on condition that we cultivate,
care for it and fight scale buge for five
years. Of course the Monrovia liar
means oranges when he has about $2,000
net profit on two acres of land.
We warn would be purchasersof lands
not to he deceived on the orange fraud-
fraud absolutely. No man in Los An-
.ieles county ever made one dollar in
raising oranges, and wedobn't believe any
man ever will.
The fraud is played out absolutely and
no ctber than willful liars will speak or
write otherwise. The land liars must
keep their hands off the Porcupine and
its editor.

A constant reader and ardent admirer
knows, or surely ought to know, every-
thing knowable about the orange, is
grieved because we devoted a third of a
column of our valuable space to the re-
production of an article from a New
Haven paper concerning the -"Hoggson
process" of preserving oranges, which
we copied from our valued exchange.
r the Pulatka NAt",,. Our kind critic
4 claims to have applied his lancet tc
this patent process hubble and to have
? dissipated it in thin air. We accept this
as sufficient confirmation of the doubts
we entertained. Let the Hoggson pro
- cess be laid away tenderly on the same
f shelf with the South Sea bubble and
I thousands of others, including the one
to whose inflation our kind critic devoted
a so much time with so little profit during
7 la-t October. .
Early last spring the Florida papers
- gave considerable notoriety to a process
of preserving oranges which was being
- practiced in the vicinity of Lake George.
0' The fruit was to be sent North (some ol
. the papers run the quantity up as high
t as 100,000 boxes), and to be kept unti
e summer, and then the results were to bi
e revealed to the world. We waited ex
a pectantly al 1 through summer and fall
s and now winter has come and we are still
s waiting. '
And there 'isDi.'Winthrop's'prcokss ol
manufacittuing, oium. Ve are waiting
- for reports from those who-bought hi
secret and planted-acres of the somnif
e erous weed, ~'nid we expect to do a gooey
- deal morewaiting. AstoDr.Winthrop
there was a prospect, when last we heai
, from-bim, of hisbeing crushed under th
r avalanche of letters which his philan
i- thropby had brought down on himself
s Whether he still abides in Florida ori
d proclaiming his mission in other States
v we are not informed. If these wbnde
(1 workers would or could do. all' the
. promise to do for the farmers, the latte
. -would revel in riches, but in practice th
e riches flow in the other direction; iht
h the pockets of their pretended benefat
v tors.


Judging from the many handsome
catalogues we receive and by other evi-
dence,; Florida might appropriately be
termed the Land of Nurseries. We be-
lieve there are a hundred in this State
which have distinctive names, but- many.
of them have only a local trade.
Mr. G. L. Taber's Glen St. Mary Nur-
series have too well established a reputa-
tion to need special mention here. He
has a model nursery near Glen St. Mary,
Baker county, and has an extensive stock
of fruit, trees and vines suited to this and
adjacent States. His catalogue and price
list may be had on application.
Mr. P. W. Reasoner's catalogue of hist
Royal Palm Nurseries at Manatee, must
be seen to be appreciated. It begins
with a quotation from Genesis and ends
with an 8-column closely printed index,
between which are a hundred elegantly
printed and illustrated pages. It would
do credit to a long established Northern
nursery, and in its general make-up we
consider it fully as attractive as any of
the Northern catalogues we have. Only
a man of extraordinary energy and ex-
ceptional talent could do all that Mr.
SReasoner has done within the few years
that he has been in Florida.
From the catalogue of the Bay View
Nurseries, just received, we perceive
that Mr. Reasoner is not without a com-
petitor in the sub-tropical line of buii-
ness. Bay View is located on the uWck
of land lying between Old Tampa Bay
and Clear. Water Harbor, about thirty
miles north of Manatee, and nearly two
and one-half degrees south of Mr. Taber's
location. Mr. Hoyt offers most of the
fruits in general cultivation, and quite a
variety of sub-tropical fruits and orna-
mental trees, shrubs, etc. He has a good
location and we wish him the success
which all deserve who are engaged heart
and hand in this noble occupation.


A. S. W., of Archer, and others, have
asked where to apply for Cuban tobacco
seed. We have a_ yet found none in
Jacksonville, but Mr. P. F. Wilson. of
Gainesville, writes under date of.Decem-
ber 8th. "I will have Havana tobacco
seed from the Vuelta Abajo district in
about two weeks. I have a letter from
my correspondents in Havana seating
that they would exercise the utmost care
in selecting best quality of seed for me."
P. M., of Wilderness, Clay county.
sends peach roots affected by the anguil-
lula, which was described and illustrated
by Dr. Neal in an early issue of this
journal. This is aualagous to the phyl-
loxera of the European grape root. No
remedy for either has been discovered.
In both cases budding on other stocks is
a remedy. For the peach our most vig-
orous native plums may be used. Thb
) sloe (Prurus Anerican'it and the wild
cherries I'P. serotlta, and P. Carolinaau:
ought to be experimented with.
N. L., of Lake county, r hferring to our
remarks on oak ashes, and the scarcity
i of that article without importation,
wishes to know if the ashes obtainable
from the saw palmetto may not be
equally valuable. We have no analysis
of palm wood or its ashes. Probably
a some of our scientific contributors, like
s Mr. Brewer, may be able to furnish the
s desired information. Pine ashes are held
- to be one-third as valuable as oak ashes.
L and one can afford to pay one third as
I much for them provided the transport
a tion be not too expensive. This corre-
I spondent also asks if "100 pounds o
wood well rotted are not of more valut
as a fertilizer than the same reduced to
s ashes?" Certainly they are, for in burn-
s ing all the organic matter is converted
into gases, which do not become availa
ble again until washed hy rain out of thi
f atmosphere. If 100 pounds of dry (uu
h rotted) wood be burned, only about five
I pounds remain, and in violent combus
e tion, with a wind blowing, much of this
- is driven off. Under ordinary ciroum
, stances timber is too much of an incum
I biance to be left till it decays, but in ai
orchard it may be left in heaps to dheca
f gradually, returning its elements to th
g soil year after year.
J. F., of Sumter county, sends a lea
d. of orange on which we find, not "para
', sites," but hatykid eggs. The peacl
d mentioned succeeds very well on cla:
e subsoil The grapes should be plarite
- eight or ten feet apart.- The matter o
. fence laws and prospective profits on a
s orchard, we will take up at another

can ouy al the land Iwantat$70 uu
tie' to $2,000,000 per acre. I am paying $36
-The production-pf tobacco is being, per month for a furnished room *
generally discuss .g-'among plantersThe winds are cold and the dust six
around Marianha."' d- no doubt a con- inches thick, as it hasnot rained adrop in
siderable area will be-devoted tothe plant seven months. The rivers are.all dry and
ing of the weed. Of the practicability the water I drink is brought forty-five
and pecuniary benefit to be derived over. miles, which is the nearest now, to the
cotton, there cane no doubt. It is to be ."city, except salt water. The stovewood
hoped that the e.riment-will be tried.'! is hauled here from 200 to 400 miles.'
-" 3
.'," ~~~5- ..
jo, AL : .






By-Laws of Cherry Lake Club.
SEc. The president shall propose a
subject connected with agriculture for
open discussion before the Alliance at F
least once each quarter. g
SEC. 2. The president shall also ap- f
point some member to open the debate, t
and every member shall be given an op- t
portunity to express his opinion on the b
subject under discussion, and shall not t
be allowed to speak longer thjn fitteens .
minutes or more than twice without
permission of the house.
Am'i"i, F. U iu
That every member of this Alliance is
earnestly requested to take at least one P
agricultural paper and to try at least
one agricultural experiment each year,
and report the same ,in due time to the
Alliance in wrtiing.
That this Alliance shall elect five
members to inspect the crops of the
members, and note the wanner of ctulti-
vation, different kinds of fertilizers etc.,
and report the same from time to time
as direat.ed by the Alliance..
SEC. 1. There ;.hall be a relief conm-
mnittee, consisting of fire male members
elected annually by this Alliance, com-
meoncig January 1st, l~"8.
SEC. 2. The duty of this committee
shall be to assess the sum $1 per male
member annually, to be reserved as a
relief fund. "It shall be further the.duty
of aid onomnjittee to see after and report
upon the necessities of all unfortunate
brethren and ristcrs. and to render ,suchb
assiiiauce as in their judgment tlhey
deem be-t, arid ,when rid committee
think proper they have authority to
draw upon the Treasurer for as much of
the relief fund as it takes to meet the r,'-
quirments of the case, and the. shall beh
further empowered when said fnud shall
have been exhausted. to as-sesi per capital
as much as in their judgment it is
necessary to meet the requiremeut- of
the case ; provided, such assessment
'shall not exceed one dollar.
Sm. 1. That we deem it the duty of
every member to attend regularly the
meetings of this Alliance, and be punc-
tual to the hour of opening.
SEa. 2. That no member be absent
more than two meetings without send-
ing in an excuse.
SEC. 3. That. the time of meeting shall
be regulated by a majority of this Alli-

That the president shall appoint a
committee of fidv members annually,
whose duty it hall be to report all mem-
bers that are sick, and to see that they
have proper attention.
SEC. 1. That this Alliance shall hold
an annual Fair for one day only : the
time for holding said Fair shall be set
apart by a majority vote of this Alliance.
SEC. 2. That there shall be a commit-
tee elected consisting of three male and
two female members, whose duty it.
shall be to superintend and make up the
piogramme for said Fair.
Any proposed amendment to these By-
Laws shall be in writing at a stated
meeting of Cherry Lake Alliance, and
if tw(:-thilds of the members priseut
vote tor the amendment it shall be

Wholesome Counsel.
While the Farmers' Alliance is strictly
non-political in every sense, there is no
reason why they should not, a hen organ-
ized present their demands to our state
legislatures to secure such legislation as
the interest of farmers demand. The
members of our order constitute the
most important industrial class in our
land, and it is only because we have idly
sit in our stupid ignorance and permitted
others to do our legislating.
A change is coming anit our farmers
are taking a deeper interest in more
things than the infernal cotton patch,
whose proceeds go into some other fel-
low's pocket. They are reading and
thinking more for themselves.
Brethren, we have only to carry out
the instructions of our order arid suc-
cess is assured. Keep your own counsel,
but read and post yourself on all ques-
tions, and when the time comes be pre-
pared to act intelligenty.-Oswald Wil-
son in Florida Farmers' Alliance.

Let All Unite.
That small but very influential New
- England Journal, Fnrm and Bome,
3 expresses in the following paragraph the
sentiment of all right minded persons;
The two branchesof the farmers alliance,
" one in the Northwest and the other in
the South, ought to unite. They both
* have practically the same objects, which
could be much better secured byco-oper-
ation than by competition. We hope to
see such a union perfected next year.
Already the order known as the agri-
f cultural wheel is joining the alliance.
The more effectively all these associa-
tions dan be harmonized, the more they
Swill accomplish.

'he lumber comes down from British
America, and is worth from $50 to $100
per thousand feet.


nducements to Early Subscri-
oers to Volume 11.
The many thousand readers of the
;ratified to know that in two months
rom now-with the commencement.of
he second volumre-the form of publica-
ion will be changed to that which has
been generally adopted hy the agricul-
ural press of the country. It will be-
ome a large quarto ot sixteen or more
pxges, with a cover devoted to adver-
isements, which can be removed in bind-
ng. A fine quality of paper will be
used, the edges will be cut. and the title-
page heading will be of new design. An
index ill be issued with the last num-
her, rendering the second volume a con-
venient and very valuable book of refer-
ence. The same style of type will be
used as uow. and the columns will be of
the same width, but Your to the page in-
stead of six. and proportionately shorter.
The public will be justified in the in-
ference that the proprietors of the
ranted in making this improvement by
the unqualified success ofrthe journal,
and by assurances of its continued and
rapid growth in the future. A journal

that starts out as this did without prom-
ising favor to any locality, to any .pri-
vate or corporate interest, or to any par-
ticular organization, and which, on the-
contrary, pledged its independence in
all things, must stand on itsown. merits.
Its vigorous growth under such circum-
stances, and the innumerable expres-
sions ot approval which have come from
all qu( rters. prove conchusrvely that this
joutial has met a popular fleei. and that
a great tuture is assured to it simply by
following the line of policy thus far -
made its appearance at. a time which
may be termed the turning point in: the
State's industrial history. It was to meet
thischange and give voice toa new pop-
ular sentiment that this journal was es-
tablished. A citizen of oneof the south-
ern counties writes to the editor:"-It is
time that new departures be made in
the old systems of alarming in Florida.
Intelligent new methods will pay." That
expresses the spirit of the times and" the
sentiment which this. journal has advo-
cated and sought to build up on.thesub-
stantial basis of facts and experiences.
As evidence that the FARMER AND
FaUrr-G ROWER has the cordial support of
the most intelligent and progressive cit-
izens, it is sufficient tD refer to its large
and able body of contributors. compris-
inga hundred or more of the best agri-
cultural writers in Florida and many in
other States, among whom are such vet-
eran writes as Dr. Paniel Lee' of'Ten-
nessee: Dr. D. L. Phares, o t"ieisis-
siptii Agricultural College A n N.
Cole, of New York; J. K. Hoytof'New
Jersey. besides several representatives of
the Department of Agriculture.
A considerable accession to the ufesent
number of contributors is expected, and
various attractive features will be added.
For the benefit of orange growers the
latest market reports will be published
during the season of sales. Arrange-
ments have been made with reliable
houses in New York, Philadelphia. Bos-
ton, Baltimore, -Chicago and St. Louis,
to send such reports by telegraph on the.
eve of publication. Every farmer and
fruit grower, and every, housekeeper as
well, may be sure that Volume II will
be worth to him many times the priceof
subscription. This journal is devoted to
Florida's industrial advancement, and
it deserves the support of every pro-
gressive citizen.
With this change of form of the
objection that has been urged will be
removed. There has been much dissat-
isfaction with the "newspaper form,"
and without doubt hundreds have failed
to subscribe because in a journal of this
class they wanted something in "book
form," that, could be filed handily and
bound for future reference. This change
is now assured, and further; improve-.
ments will be made in proportion to the
journal's growth.
The proprietors have made arrange-
ments by which they will be enabled to
supply, at a small cost, a superior binder
or temporary cover, in which the num-
bers may be placed as received and be
kept as securely and in nearly, as con-
venient shape as if in a bound volume.
At the end of a year, the completed vol-
ume with index-may bd bound in regular
form, and the cover used as before for
the succeeding volume. .' '
Desiring to commence the new vohime
with a largely increased subscription listV
the following offer is made as a -sp'eolal.
inducement: Each subscription'uto the
nied by two dollars, that is received be-
tween the 15th 'of November and thes,1ot
of January, will be dated so as to expire.
at the end of the year 1888. The same
privilege is extended to those getting up
clubs: Thus it will.be seen' that those
who subscribe first will get-the.most for
their money. Each one who subscribes
before Christmal will receive from one
to six numbers free. We trust each pres-
ent subscriber'will teU his neighbors-of
this offer, and'mtke some exertion toob-.
tain new subesdfiptions."' t-. *- ..
S.2' -'"v." .... "" '" .. '- ; ," .
"We'Kn6w" by Experience.";
For three-.years we:hayve xed Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer; -A.ter .test-
ing along with other higl.gr de fertil-
izers, we pronountne it better than a.y
sold in Florida., 1.,e Y atlU agaYi
this. year. .. ."' .- .T -' .-
We do not hesitate, to :sayto .thege-
table -grbwers of -Floridithat.tlieyia P
not use 'anything -.pp^ oo'a,:B'-.raTlJ-

by experience whaf\*ea'fy rgazfipg-
.' *_ WoFFOBD &iW)Wma.'.-_.,:'..







d No Place for Poor Men.
f In a letter written by T. H. Tatum
n from San Diego,Cal., to a friend in Flor-
.r ida he says:
lmT e., can ouy ai iA T n..i-Wfl bUnn




With ahelping Ihand and a Wele.)me lor all
Who wish -a e irindlr and maiiKe- u a caU:
With words ,.i ,;;o-l 6.ii0iel I-r ol iriends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general Interest will be
answered through these columns
Personalinquiries will be answered by mall
when accompanied by stamp for reply.-
Subscrlbers are cordially Invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed-to
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower
Montclair, Fla.

; Our Cosy Corner.
To our Sisters and our Cousins, whom
we number '"by the dozens:"
Merry Christmas! in the truest and
fullest sense of that grand old greeting.
SMay it be to all a happy, cheerful day,
the day of days, to be looked back to
and recalled with unalloyed pleasure
throughout the'coming year; a day de-
voted to the old and beautiful custom of
remembering the coming of the thrice
blessed Christ-child by offerings of love-
tokens to our dear ones, whether far or
near. Truly a most fitting method of
celebrating the birth of the world's Re-
deemer, and of learning the sweet lesson
that "It is more blessed to give than to
But let us not. forget those'less fortu-
nate tian ourse-rves;. let us go outside
our own homes, and seek out .the poor,
the maimed, the halt and the blind:
surely none of" us will have far to seek;
S let us-:turn upon them, these weary ones,
some gleams of the holy light that is
streaming down upon our own smoother
pathway, and then, having done "unto
Others as we would that they should do
unto us," let us go back to our own
bright homes, and forget for a while all
Sthe sad features in our own lives (for we
all have our skeletons, be sure of that),
all the sad and depressing cares that
weigh heavily upon us; let'us forget
them and put them away behind us, for
this is not the day -for sorrowing, but
rather for- rejoicing: not for dwelling
-upon the treasures we have lost, but
rather upon those that remain, that
"man did not make, and cannot mar."
We know, few better, that for those
who have passed the threshold ot early
youth there minust come sorrowful mem-
ories of these bright holiday times, just
as the merry laugh, the burst of music.
the glint and glare of the sunlight, jar
and gain. the heart that is wrung with
sorrow; and by the sharp contrast add
to its burden of woe; so do the gaieties
bf the Christmas season make more
S poignant the.sl e .loss and bereave-
S: meant, the remem-tance of those who
have "passed over the river," whose
places at the hearth and board are va-
But for the sake of those who are left
us. over whose young lives the storm-
N clouds have not yet cast their shadow,
let us put these sad memories aside.
Surely the year is long enough for sor-
row. Let us try to shut our eyes to the
gloom for this one day at least: it is
Christ's day, not ours.
Let us hare a Merry Christmas, in-
deed. Parents, sisters, brothers, see to
it that you do all in your power to make
those around you happy. Let no sharp
word, no hasty act mar the loveliness of
our Savior's birthday. Let us make it a
day that in after time we can look back
upon without a pang of remembrance of
some loving word or act left undone.
For surely before another Christmas day
dawns upon us. some of us who are here
to-day will have crossed the great river,
and who shall say which it will be? The
eyes that read these words, the pen that
writes them, may well be numbered
among the missing."
Then let us be loving and happy, that,
come what may, no pangs of self-re-
proach may sharpen the grief that some
of us must meet ere the inexorable march
of Time shall bring the dawn of another
Christmas day.
'Ring the hells pladly, for ChrisrmaE has come.
DeCk -with bright ere'-reens every hume;
Bamish all cirrowT andoadlnesvaway,
Let us keep Christmas with hearts light and gay.
Remember the poor, the hungr-, and cold.
Give to them freely of blesiengh you hboll
Clothing, and food. and dire-blight glad,
Help the U keep Christmas, wbose homes are so
Think otheir.chbildren, no joyslike the rest,
The cin'lren whom Christ once tenderly'blest;
Give them some pleasure, -ome toy for this day,
Poor little children! -what Chrinrmas have they,'
Some h-inle are folded, fori-ever at rest,
Tbeir joy is the sweetest, purest and best;
Oh. morntir look up, thy bitter tears stay,
Tbe dearone with Christ has Chnristnias to-day!
Ring- the b-ils gladtiy, let ever heart share
The joy that has come; let every tace wear
Ihs sunnie-st smiles, this brightest of days,
Let as keen Christmas with thanks and with

Recently one of our readers appealed
to us to tell bow to make mattresses of
pine needles-and moss, without theaid of
expensive machinery, end seeking relia-
4 ble information, upon this subject, we
invited those of our sisters who had ex-
perience, to let us hear from them.
Now here is, a response, and a very
^ satisfying one it is, covering both rhe
above queries, and going beyond, to tell
of a stiJI, better home-grown stuffing
than either moss or pind needles, points
that will be.ef great value to many.of us
,4-, Floridians; '.,'
.-' The method of "scooping, out" the ptulp
-of the grape'fruit, as: given by our sister
above, is,,so far as we are aware, the
universal chsttn ;.we can hpovever, tell
ftanar readers-of-a o-better- tway which .we
"* .-.ecovered- accidentally. -..- ..
.4.4'rQuarter the skin, and peel it off as you
1^t..would that of an orange then halve or
*- *'.. ... '- .. .
1? "A*.-."" *

quarter the grape fruit, and holding it
in your hand, leave the white membrane
on its inner edge. and gently turn it
down, away from the segment of fruit;
it will peel off entirely, and the seg-
ments, with thin cells and shape perfect,
will make a much handsomer dish ihan
can he obtained by the -scooping out' aud
breaking up mode: we do not know
whether it is imagination or not, but
those who have tried it, declare that'it
tastes as well and looks much better,
practice will soon make perfect in its
-One coffee-cup of sugar, six large
table spoonfuls of melted butter, one
pint of sweet milk, two eggs, a little
nutmeg, one teaspoonful of salt; mix in
flour until the dough is soft and
can be easily handled; roll, cut out the
cake, and fry in lard.-Cig.
Take the weight of four fresh eggs in
sugar, and half the weight in flour,
mixing with the latter half a teaspoon-
ful of cream of tartar and a quarter of a
teaspoonful of soda very thoroughly, or
the eclairs will not be light; beat the yolks
of the eggs until light, add slowly the
sugar as for sponge cake, having it just
light; alternate the beaten whites of the
eggs with the flour, and bake in pans
having compartments, dropping a spoon-
ful of batter in each,' orin a lined and
well buttered pan, making thd cakes as
nearly the size of lady's fingers as pos-
sible; the oven should be quick, and
x hen done take out, place two together,
allow them to cool, and cover with the
chocolate. -
Put into a shallow pan two ounces of
chocolate, and place it where it will
melt gradually, but not scorch; when,
melted stir in three tablespoonfuls of
milk or cream, and one of water, mix all
well together, and add one scanty tea-
cupful of sugar; boil about five minutes,
and while hot, and when the cakes are
nearly cold, spread some evenly over the

a good work for Florida and our sub-
Our Young Folks' Corner.
Has gone out visiting or somewhere this
week, dear cousins, but he will call and
see you ne xt time show'ss ver bohn." I
want to tell you about something else
just- now, and I 'know that 'dear little
fellow will "keep good" until then.
"Christmas comes but once a year,"
you know, and like -the tide, it "will
wait for no man," nor child either, so
now, when our beloved Redeemer's-
birthday is so very near to us-and it
may never be so again, for all that we
can tell-I would like you to hear about
merry old
And how he got his name.
That was not the name he commenced
his meanderings by; his real name was
not a bit like it. It was St. Nicholas,
and how the Dutch, who brought him to
America, and taught the children to
hang up their stockings for him to fill,
how they ever twisted St. Nicholas into
Santa Claus is a mystery to me.
They gave Santa Claus another name,
too, one we all know and love, Kriss
Kringle or Krish Kinkle. It is easy
enough to tell where that name came
from, the Dutch or German "Christ
Kindlein," or Infant Christ.
It is Kriss Kringle,'as we all know,
who comes down the chimneys with
gifts for all the good children and a
birch rod and potatoes for the bad ones.
And by the way, how streaked and sooty
he must get himself from "top to toe" as
he descends our Florida chimneys! Just
think how comical the dear 'old fellow
must look, all over soot, when we our-
selves do look so funny when we get
only a little streak or spot of it on our
faces. : .
I've a great mind, now I think of it, to
sit up on Christmas eve and watch for
him. It may be I could catch his pic-
ture with my camera if I was quick
enough. He would look so funny. only

weaner. Do you really think a rubber
bucket with a cold rubber teat hung up
alongside the fence, as pleasant for the
calf to suckle as one's fingers, and you
stroking and caressing it? You have to
take its mother's place as much as pos-
sible, and take the risk of its "hunch-
ing" you over, for it is necessary to its
health that its bide he brushed and the
loose hair and dandruff be removed. The
constant contact is what makes it fear-
less and gentle. [All that is quite true,
cousin, but we proposal (and directed
that warm milk be placed in those '-calf
feeders," hence no "cold rubber tube" is
possible, and we wrote for the special
benefit of the busy housewife who has
no time to spare to feed the calves ac-
cording to the old-style method. The
calf-feeders are being rapidly adopted in
the dairies of the progressive North, and
no wonder. It is necessary to rub and
pet the calves; there is utility as well as
pleasure in it, but this, where busy
ousewives are concerned, must be done
at odd times, while the feeding should
be regular.-ED.] It is the same way
with colts; if they once receive the im-
pression that they are to be whipped, it
is "good bye, Sarah," you can't pet
them. You can overdo it, too, and spoil
them, just as some people spoil children.

The Family Exchange.
Open to-all subscribers of the FLORIDA FARM-
ER AND DirtIT--GRowEE, for purposes of ex-
change, and also for sale of home productions or
natural objects, such as jellies, embroideries,
sea shells, plants, etc Advertisements Enda
answers, to avoid delays, must be addressed to
ida. Each answer must be accompanied by an
unaddressed stamped envelope, in which to for-
ward it to the advertiser.
Advertisers will report inme-I.ate' all trai.de
consummated, that their a- ven-riie nirts nfr
be withdrawn.
NOr,':E -A-irn-,-ii-.ui-ni6 ut' receiving an-
iwer within t-o MiOnths ir,--,td ate f irjnrr:.n
n-il iJ e witidl Trir s6ni.,ie,:t t t aiter-reniewal, if

surface of one of the caes; put a second ,am afraid my chimney is so smIall he Will exchange choice Florida grown
one on top, alternating the mixture and. win not be able to step down more than trees, peach, pear, plum, and asparagus
cake, then cover top and sides, and set one foot, or. perhaps he might get a rod crowns, fur a pair of thoroughbred An-
in a warm oven to harden. In making further-a birch rod-and I don't much gora goats,, a full blood Jersey or Hol-
those most palatable of cakes, "chocolate care about that anyhow. stein-Fresian bull calf, a thoroughbred
eclairs," the receipt just given will be .Itold you just now that the Dutch bulldog pup, or a good double-barrel
found satisfactory. taught us Americans how to hang up shot-gun. Write description and value,
SLIPPER NEEDLE AND THIMBLE CASE. our stockings for old Kriss or Santa and get prices. J E. C.
The-rame is of card board,, covered Claus; and now I will tell you where the Wanted, orange or any other fruit
with velvet, and lined with scarlet satin. Dutch got that custom from, for it is not trees adapted to Central Florida; in
On the toe of the slipper is embroidered, original with them at all, but came return will paint copies of portraits any
in silk, a floral design. A velvet ring straight from Italy, where St. Nicholas size desired, or pay in St. Andrew's or
placed inside serves as a receptacle for lived. Lakeview lots. MRS. E.-M. I.
the thimble. This is the story connected with it: In Having more bees than Ican manage,
-PICTURE FRAMES, thecity of Patara lived a nobleman who will exchange some of them for a good
My irl cousins can make lovely pic- had only his title, his palace and three gun, sheep, or whatever else would be
My girl cousins can make lovely pic- beautiful daughters to boast of-no -f value. Make offers Said beesare in
ture frames of Canton flannel, aoni now-batfldagtr o-os fn of value. Make offers. Said bees aei
isa goodrtimes to fleane toprace onw- money, hardly enough to keep his family movable frame hives, and averaged
is a good time to yegi mto practice on from starving. So, as his daughtersgrew nearly 100 pounds of surplus honey per
them, for theynt would make niceChrist-up, he was wicked enough to be willing varm the past season. H.C.D.
mas presents.swrthpatSao. HC.D
Us a thin board or pasteboard, the to force them to marry rich men, who d
Use a thin board or pasteboard, the ad nothing to recommend them but Forisale, 50 dozen 4 and 6 ounce guava
size you want the frame, cover smoothly their wealth. Theeldestdaughter loved jellies in glasses, in prime condition,
with the flannel, and fasten the plaque, a young nobleman, buthe, too, was poor, home-made and warranted first-class; $2
or picture in the center with a small tack so her father would net listen to her and $2.50 per dozen. P.
in each corner, or by sewing slightly, pleadings, but told her she must marry Will exchange (or sell) palm; tto hats,
Another way is to cut an opening in the another man who sought her, because also 3-ounce switch of light brown hair,
center of a board, a little smRller than he had money, and hesaid thesamecruel and a bunch of ten pampas plumes, for
the picture, cover as before, or gather thing to his other daughters. a zephyr shawl, eggs of Toulouse geese,
the corners: bows of ribbon are pretty. Well. good St. Nicholas heard the story Bronze turkeys, or LeConte pearor peach
Cover the back with paper ori cloth, and
put on athe brace so it will stand on the and and sorrowed over it. He knew the no- trees,orcrochettrimming,oi good honey.
ut on a brae so it will stand on the bleman, the father, was not really a bad Mis. C. W. R.
table, or use screws to hang by a cord. man at heart, but was made desperate Will exchange for part Florida land,
Dark flannel-will make a better back- by poverty. He was very rich himself, part cash, a "Perfect Hatcher" incuba-
ground for most pictures than light, and so had the power to help.others, as tor, prime order, 320-egg capacity, and
Large, cheap easels covered in this way, well as the wish, and these two don't "Perfect Brooder" for 150 chicks. Value
are pretty with bows of ribbon added, always go together by any means. $140. Also American fruit drier, No. 1,
-- "'--- So St. Nicholas stole quietly out one good order, value $40. Both offered for
Answers to CorresDondents. moonlight night and threw in at the want of use. Descriptive pamphlets
Mrs. C., Marianna, F. towindow of the nobleman's house a large sent. MILNOR.
Mrs. C., Maranne, Fla. Very glad 10 tLNRv
hear from you. See Cosy Corner next purse of gold, with a' note inside saying Wanted-To exchange cassava cane
week. Your experience will beof that it must be used forthedowerof the for improved nursery stock, or will for
week. Your experience willbe of value eldest daughter. that she might marty five cents per foot or $4.00 per hundred
to the many young housekeepers who the man she loved, otherwise the gold "feet. J. M. L.
are now gropinigdarkly. would vanish. Wanted-To exchange thoroughbred
J. E. C., Penville. Your application Ah. what happiness was in that house Plymouth Rock poultry forgoats.
for one of --our boys" is on file., then! The father used the gold as di- C.D. .
E. H.. Mannville, Fla. Reply to your rected. and the daughter and her lover Will exchange carefully named nur-
inquiries mailed De-cember Sh. were made husband and wife.
D. G.B. The can of honey shipped to The good S Nicholas came again with sery stock, orange and lemon, for a
Montclair from Fort Myers November Stihsoddagood second-hand single wagon or har-
28th,oreached thatstation December7 tb, a purseorthe second daughter. ness. T.J.
8hav eencaried phatstation Leemburg two Of course the notbleman was very cu- Will exchange a Devon bull, three
having been carried past Lee-burg, two rious to know who it was that took' such a e b
miles from Montclair, by the Florida a very unusual interest n his famly, var old for a fine lIchea breech load-
Southern Railway, and shipped back and he began to keep watch Ofcourae ing double barrelled shot gun.
from Hawthorn to Montclair via the he succeeied as patience and persever- M. A. B.
Florida Railway and Navigation Corn- ance seldom fail to do in the end. He Wanted to exchange, seeds of cassava
pany, in a leaky condition from hard caught St. Nicholas just as he threw iand Bermuda arrowroot ("cassava seed"
usage, and a fr'eigitt charge of *2.64 agtS.Ncoa uta etrwi
usage, and a freight charge of .61 at the window the third purse of gold for is the cane, "arrowroot seed" the roots),
covering the extra 150 miles of travel it the third daughter but the charitable for the following nursery stock: Peen-to,
had been subjected to. Another can saint made him promise not to tell of his Honeyand Bidwell peaches, Japan plums
marked to Montverde traveled the same good deeds. or persimmons, Delaware or Niagara
unauthorized route, being put off at And that is the reason that to this very grapes, cuttings or plants of roses, and
Montclair, whence, we presume, it has day the gifts of St.. Nicholas, or Santa other flowers and ornamental plants-
been forwarded to its proper destination, Claus, or Kris Kringle tit's all one) are or best offer, orcash. LEE.
loaded with 4n additional overcharge. hidden away so snugly until the time Wanted to exchange, eggs for hatch-
We hope this statement may meet the comes for the right person to find them. hieg of Light srabmas, Wyandottes, and
eye of the officials of the Florida South- Merry Christmal White Legorns all pure and of te best
ern Railway, for this is not the first strains; also a trio of V. C. B. Polish,
instance of the carelessness of their em- PET STOCK. for a garden seed-drill, or an incubator
ployees that has been brought to our Editor Our Home Circle: of 200 or 300 egg capacity, with or with-
knowledge and we trust that claim for In my bumble opinion, oneof the chief out brooders. E. W. A.
rebate will be made by both consignees, attractions of country life is theconstant Wanted to exchange, for part Florida
We will add that we have sampled the association with the horses, cows and land; and long, easy cash payments, a
Montclair can as above, and find it the calves of the place. It is the lack of first-clas piano and first-class organ, en-
clearest and best flavored honey we have these which has retarded our beautiful tirely new, delivered free of freight
ever tasted, and an honor to our Family Southland so long, and caused so many charges.' Reason forparting with them.
Exchange. large mansions becoming the abode of family broken up by death. Also, will
Mrs. A. D. T., Interlachen, Fla.; J. M., the owls and bats. How lonely a place exchange for land of like value, $836, one
Lakeview. Fla.; Mrs. C. W. R., Monti- appears unless you see stock running dozen books and charts of the best dress
cello, Fla.: G. W. E.. Gracy. Fla ; Mrs. around, a colt or two here. a calf there, making 'system extant; A lady -can
J. A. P.. Eusris, Fla.: J. S. B.. Jackson- and a cow quietly grazing yonder: yet make any garment perfectly by its use.
ville. Your answers toE. L.'s exchange how different it is in some sections of A rare chance for an agency. E. L.
advertisement duly forwarded, our country. In the West, and even in t
Mrs. C. B. I., Indianapolis, Ind. Your our own State you will find men who I will exchange plants, seeds and em-.
w0broidery patterns with our sisters of the
answer to J. K.'s exchange ad. duly for- own hundreds of cattle and horses, and boie patcte Wit sou se for
worded. who do not know the taste of milk, or Home Circle. Will also exchange for
w~redwho do not know the Maste of milk, or fruit trees, etc., other- than orange, a
E. Ross & Co., Toledo, Ohio. Very who have to ride half a day to catch a good magic lantern, Goerman morake, alent
glad to know that you will have an ex- horse. Do you know of any greater good magi c lantern, German make, in
hibitattheSub-Tropical. -Wehaveseen pleasure than to go out a few rods from t inches, of rack and pinion motioned
so much of the merits of your little rug the house and' fondle and caress the three aozen slides 2xll inches, land-
machine that we would like to see itWin colts? Or to call the calves and have a scape and comic; diameter of picturesa
every home in the land. dozen mild-eyed beautiescoming toward show1, from eigh to ten feet. Valued
E. L., Waldo: Request to "Sister you ontherun? No, no, plant your cot- at $15. Manual of 138pages included.
Julia" for pattern for palmetto braid ton, Mr. Planter, work twelve months Packed in two strong x N.
received and forwarded, in the year and kill all the grass, and .. .. .
Mrs. C.. W. R., Montverde. Answer and then Ihuy hay and come out in the Will exchange one cart waddle in fair
to "Lee's" exchange ad; forwarded, enid in debt;'butgive mesomething with condition, for a pair of either wagon or
J. M. L.,,,Bairtow, Flai.', writes: "We, life in it. stage hames. J; S. P.
have been subscribersi to your paper for I started out with the intention of say- For sale, crochet trimming,' feather
several months,'and consider it invalua. ing something about petting our friends, edge; infants' sacks, bands and socks;
.ble-to farmers and gardeniefs, especially thif-horsel and cows, and their young linen tidies; bureau sets, 5 pieces; flannel
new comers." Such wordsas 'the01e are ornes. '-Well,' I will. I had to laugh skirts;.6plashers; felt tidies; lambtequins;
pleasant to-'receive. Our "brother-of tliofiglr(to-myself. of course), at. our kind bibs; doylies; table scarfs1'uctiBhiohs;
the opposite page" is certainly doing editor, recoinmendiqg, the,.tent calf -stand schrfs; tabld covers;, panels, ric-

.-_-. .-. r... ... :. "

rac yoke: shawls; shams. Send for&ulF
description and prices. Address A. B. *
Wanted, to exchange for Florida farm
or grove, a house and lot in the city of
Hot Spri jgs, Arkansas. Lot contains
one and one-half acres; a well-built, four
roomed house, with a good well of
water; plenty of good shade trees, also
fruit trees, grape vines and stable. Hot
Springs has a population of 10,000 to
12,000, with two new railroads about
being built, and surrounded by a fine
mining district. -D. F. C.
Would like to exchange grade Jersey
cattle for half-breed Clydesdale or Per-
cheron stallion under four years old.
*\ '* S.
How many common goats will some
one give for a nickel-finished Forehand
& Wadsworth seven-shot, 22-calibre re-
volver? Cost when new, $11; present
value, $5. F. H. F.
I have several h bund reds of well-grown
budded orange trees, from one to tvwo
incites indiameter, alsosour trees, which
I would exchange for peaches, vines,
etc., or live stock of any sort. I will
also exchange good English saddles and

'bridles "fior.peabb trees, vines, etc., or
live stockof-any sort: -,'. ..:-J. K,.
Will exchange Seaside antdtbevMt%.--
(pocket edition) novels, Alen Quavter--''--''
main, King Solomon's Mines, -WitcHi's .- "
Head; also some by Oui-ida;.and-other
authors, for others in same lThr'ffries-.___
Lists exchanged. -Books in good condi-
tion. A. C. F.
I will furnish rooms .on the Ocean :
beach at Sea Breeze, opposite Daytona, .
in exchange for labor in carpentry, in
orange grove, or in gardening. Would
like also to exchange shells of small
size from this part of the coast for
shells of other and distant localities. Ad-
dress W. F. S.
I would like to exchange pure bred
Plymouth Rocks for pure bred Light
Brahmas, or would exchange strawberry
plants of the Florida Seedling variety-
the earliest and best berry for Florida-
forWyandottes. Address C. H. W. .
Wanted, to exchange pure, extracted
Palmetto honey, in fie gallon caIns or
demijohns, value $1, for correctly
named budded nursery stock in variety,
ot fine poultry. H. G. B. /


jFree on appliciation. All varieties -i:. irtt trees suitltd t.. FloriJa. Ornamental Trceg,
Ho6esand Gre,-ehouoe Plants. Address

R. D. HOYT, -



C /

Bay View, Fla.

Differ from other brands in that they are made at oie of.ters
differ from other brands in that they ar'e made at homde of the



that can be bought, contain "humus" or vegetable matte-r, and are sold
at the lowest possible rate, for cash only.
Read the opinions of those who have used them.
+ ... .+ :* + "":. : ++ : \+ =- '*
M "W W"FADCLA,'D, FLA., August 4,1887,
.MR. W. W. PA.RCE, -. .-- : '-
DEAR SirR:-lI hare ued yi.ur fertilizer on my orange prove, and tio>t e.:-rdaifly
say it is tee best fertilizer I hare ever used for the orange tree: a tril of one barrel
Tvi] convince anT one of that fact. Being a home ndutiry,istihould be well patronuized
in the State. Yours rally ,
Late editor of iher Florida Agricltrriest.





- E"'AKE HELEN, FLA., August 9, iig'.-
MR. W. W. PACE. ,
SDEAR SIR:-I have used "Humo" on my groves .for two years alternately with
Acknowledged fdirst-clats fertidizere, and I beliere it tobe the equal of any ot ihem. I
- C-auld net be persuaded to aue a fertilizer that I did not believe to be first-claes. Mvy
present i dg-meot i s that I can show up more growth witb "Humo-," for the aame =
nioney, than with any other fertilizer I nave tried. Very tespee'tfuliv, rr
" ____ "H. MARRING.
GLEN Sr. MAARv, FLA., Auegust 13, 8la67. I
X DEAi Smr:-I ueiEd your Garden Fertdizer un onions and turnip: last winter,
C anda fdner lot of onons and turnips wer. never raised to Florida. I consider your
fertilizeras good as thebest.-t0 fertilizer made. It did its work welland no mistake.
;' ,. :_ : -. DELAND, FLA.. Augu fl6, 167.
N I have used thie Hunio-Chemical Fertilizer for two years and cheerfully testify
That it has given the greatest sa i'actio).M. Mi tree' have made a lurriaut, even
r..thb, prserrinE through tue season a dark kgre-n crlor, while the fruit has been
i argesohi an.O-oi rtC qidahry. I ,hall certalot use it the coming year. .
S. DYER, D.D. co

= My factory 'is located at Platka, Fla., on the bank of the St. Johns C0
I-- River and freight yard of the Florida Southern Railroad, hence my
facilities for receiving stock and shipping goods enables me to undersell
my competitors, especially as I hold to the cash system. The cash
price of my Orange brand is $36.50, Garden brand $43.00 per ton, net
weight, f. o. b steamer or cars, in bags or barrels containing 200 lbs.








7,000 to ,00 Citrus Trees, comprising Villa Franebha Lemons. Washington Navel
and Jaffa Oranges. Mostly Lemons. Muot be-sold en a lump. Terms reasonable. '
Some one can mal,, money by handling them. Address
G M r. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary, Fla.
Glen St. Mary Nurseries


This fertilizer is the most perfect Orange Food in the market. It contains all the ingredients
needed by the Orange Tree, I their pro proportions, vz : Phosphoric Acid, Potash, Calcium
and Azote, in three forms and from four different sources.
-P R1=: ? :
F. 0. B. ship or rail in Charleston .......... .0
F. 0. B. ship or rail at Jacksonville ........... ......... ........ .......... 25.00
F. 0. B. ship or rail, Sanford or Enterprise ................................. 26.50
Apply to 0. DE G. BERTOLA, Proprietor, Enterprise, Voluala Co., Fla.

treated by 0. DE G. EERTOLA, who has had 85 years' experience In the groves of-Italy, Spain,
British India and Florida. Consultadons, written or verbal, free.
ITO CWr'' !,- I TO PA.-. -


Hardware, Cutlery, Tools, Guns, Anmtn-minnition,.- and Fish-.
-_ 1.1 l- ^ fl .-- *-1 n^..a..A.~. tt.. a1.. -

lag 'ai.re". porita"g ot, n.B a s opewtiLy. ,.
-' -

Stoves, Tinware & House Furnishing Goods


88 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSOl6M.riTla. .'" .-

.. ..=. ,' --, .- .. 'i + *
-AND i'W-'-'B C*
.- .-.. VA EN_ S I, B.ET ^o^. :\ .- 2--- -- .... .'~: 'x
.: f : -- .,= _. '" ..
"* ..,',.,-"4 *,--.T.' .+'; ...--" ;*"
; "- -A ". '. ... '.- -', .... :- "




milking is dloue, away from the cow, and, +ojl and eSS .
then there will not be so much danger P S
from a kick, and the constantly falling
THE SALT SICK DISEASE. hairs, dirt and dandruff will not get in FOWL HOUSES.
the milk. John Gould, the experienced
Dr. Nela alainsHis Position dairyman of Ohio, says truly that good Satisfaction and Profit in More
- Against the Doubters. butter is half made when the milk is
Against the Doubter. taken from the cow in a cleanly manner. Painstaking Methods.
Editor Forida Farmer and Fru-Grower: -Picayune. Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
I. had no intention of throwing out a 0 Your paper is so well edited and the
"bone of contention" when I wrote ANGORA GOATS. articles in it generally so carefully writ-
about the "salt sick." Our old settlers ten that it is with some hesitation I write
are not given to writing articles on sub- Notes on Breeding, Feeding and to criticise one which appeared last
jects that they deem as settled as that of Wednesday on the subject of poultry
salt sick ranges. In older sections these General Management. houses, but as I know that your desire is
places are almost as wetl known as if The following extracts from Col. Rich- to benefit your readers by reliable and
staked out, and as far as heard from, ard Peters' contribution to Hayes' work useful information, I am sure you will
within these limits, no cow, bull, steer, on the Angoria goats, are in continua- permit me a few remarks thereon, and
sheep or goat is safe, do as you will with tion of those presented in our last issne: that your correspondent will take them
care, feed, salt, bedding or shelter. BREEDING. in good part, as he evidently has the sub-'
This trouble extends to all the Rumi- When the males are allowed to run ject at heart.
natia, for it was called "deer salt sick" with the females, the ewes usually drop Poultry keeping for show purposes
in 1820, and known to prevail among their kids during the months of February and also for profit, has been one of my
deer in certain localities that have since and March; it is therefore very desirable hobbies for years, and although it is
proven to be unhealthy to cattle, sheep to keep the bucks and ewes in separate 'necessarily carried on under somewhat
and goats. all having symptoms alike in flocks, different conditions in other countries,
the progressive emaciation, dyspnoea and The ewes bring forth kids but once a yet the main principles are practically
death. year, one kid usually at a birth. The the same in America and England.
If'Bro. Wilson will read over my arti- older ewes, however, often drop two, Moreover, I have had experience here as
cle he will note that I say, "no spot is just about enough to make up any losses, well s in "the Old Country.".:
safe till tried," and that I do not say all so that an increase of one hundred per For the moment I will not raise a ques-
ranges are alike subject to the disease. cent. can be relied upon when proper at- tion upon the form of house which your
Far from it. "Some have been lucky tention is given at kidding time. correspondent thinks "tie cheapest and
enough to find healthy ranges in every Angora bucks come into season about best," because at a future time I intend,
county," often half a mile showing both the first of August, and are in full heat with your permission, to write more
healthy and sickly places. I spoke of during the months of September and fully than I have now time for, upon
cows, just as cattle raisers do, but the October, and can be relied upon for good this subject, but upon its construction I:
disease -affects- oxen, steers, bulls and service until the month of February; they would like to comment, because I feel
calves, all ages, penned or not. In one then go out of heat, and remain so until sure that it is erroneous in principle.
case in Wakulla county I know where a the last of July. The ewes usually come It is quite true that we, get a great
gentleman lost 140 beef cattle out of 150, into heat during the month of Septem- deal of hot weather here in Florida, but
none penned nor milked. The disease is ber. I think that all will agree that it is
endemic, not epidemic nor pandemic, .Pure bred bucks could be allowed to very rarely so at night, which is the only
not contagious nor like crowd poison. run with the ewes from March until time that fowls are or should be in the
One cow in a town lot, fed on corn, July without the result of progeny from house, except while laying. Now your
chopped leed and bran, will take the the ewes. correspondent advises that the sides be
disease and die, as I know to my loss.' Great care should be observed to sepa- constructed with slabs, one inch spaces
Bro. Wilson asserts that the disease rate the buck kids from their mothers at bottom and wider at the top. It is
exists in new ranges, in sea-coast ranges, when five months old, especially in obvious that in such a house the fowls
and around lakes and hills.. Take these breeding grade flocks, would be exposed to strong draughts,
away from Florida, and what is left? I have over two hundred head of thor- from whichever way the wind might
Since October I have seen men who have oughbred breeding ewes in my home blow. This is just what they cannot
had cattle in thirteen counties in Florida flock, at Calhoun, Gordon county, Ga., stand. I have bred chickens and kept
and two in Georgia, and they fully con- at an elevation of about 1,200 feet, and fowls in the coldest weather with marked
firm my "guesses." e have obtained the best results by turning success, but never would I allow them
I might as well own up to Dr. Phares in with the two hundred ewes ten se- to be in a draught. Draughts and wet
that while I have a diploma or two, V. elected bucks. By this plan nine-tenths are, their greatest enemies. Even in
S. is not a title I can claim, and that my of the kids are dropped within three or summer a cold draught may blow on
greatest study of bovine anatomy has four weeks. This is a great advantage, them, but in winter-it niakes me shiver
been in often vain attempts to avoid the as the ewes can be more carefully to think of it.
purchase of the famous rubber steak watched at kidding time. It is quite true that there are many
usually sold in market as Florida beef. Young ewes with their first kids such hen houses out here, and there are
As to daily history, post noortems, etc., require to be kept in an enclosure, so as plenty of folks trying to grow oranges
I have not enough veterinary knowledge to prevent their deserting the kid. and vegetables on sand hills without fer-
of the physiology tobe upset in thebovine Young ewes, also, bringing twins, should tilizers. I am happy to say that some
pathology. be carefully attended to for the first day, poor fowls are now roosting more com-
The certainty of cure by removal to a so that both may be nursed by the fortably and laying more eggs, through
safe range, is well known, and our older mother. their owners' attention having been
settlers never quit experiments.' New ANGORAS AND DOGS. called to this error.
comers who do not heed advice generally Angora bucks are able and will- Then that roofl Does it ever rain in
lose a few head of cattle, and then they ing to protect themselves and to aid Florida, Mr. Editor? I recollect that
are convinced. Mr. Dunbar, of Nashua. the flock in repelling attacks of dogs. when my house was built there weret.wo
tried change of food and medicine. but When an attacks made on the flock, the or three very slight defects in the roof.
without avail, and Captain Hendry's ex-> bucks go to the front, while the ewes re- I dreamed one night I was in a shower
perience is to the same effect, treat on a un towards their home or bath, and awakening found that if Iwish-
There is some analogy to malarial lo- "roosting" place. The sound of their ed to remain where I was an umbrella or
cations, though I have never fouud any bells, one to every ten head, gives notice Macintosh was indispensable. I fancy it
peculiarities of soil or flora in these to the goat-herd,'and the dogs-are read- must have been raining, but there was
places. The treatment, food or breed is ily shot when barking, and held at bay such a dreadful noise on the roof that I
not at fault, all indications pointing to by the bucks or bell-wethers of the couldn't hear myself think. Oh, Mr.
the "penning" place for the trouble. For flock. Editor, give those poor fowls one or two
instance, Mr. G. lived at. the west end of I have lost by dogs but six or eight more boards to the roof of their house
a pond. His cows were decimated with head in twenty-six years, and they were and.cover the joints with battensl Lum-
salt sick. Five years ago he moved to chiefly kids. When the goats are scat- ber is cheap.
the east end of the same pond. Thesick tered in the woods, night attacks are Our friend says: "You need have no
cattle recovered, the disease vanished- avoided by the habit of the flock to re- fear of lice or mites if you keep your
same range, same cows, same owner, and turn nightly to their accustomed sleep- house sweet and clean." And this is the
no change in treatment. He has lived ing place. It is important to keep a lib- way he tells us to do it: "You must
here since 8120. and raised cattle since a eral supply of bells on the flock. I clean the house out every two weeks."
boy. His calves are notr. starved, nor usually place in each flock bell-wethers, Why, sir, I scrape and sweep mine out
turned out late, as Mr. W. would have as guides and leaders; such as are raised every morning, while, the fowls are
us think. Of course, harsh treatment, by hand being gentle, keep the flock breakfasting. True, he says, "'throw in
poor food, anything to weaken the cow. under control. clean Floridasandorsoil, or what I much
steer or calf, will make it an easy prey GENERAL CARE. prefer, the same amount of sawdust."
to disease, but as Captain Hendry says. One shepherd, with a good dog, can The Florida sand is bad enough, for you
"'calves are often sick at birthb" even readily attend to a thousand head of An- have to carry it in and out, but the saw-
whe, the mothers are fat and in perfect goras, at least during the summer dustl! uibono? It will just render y6ou'
health, months. hen manure valueless. Imagine, now,
If I were a cow man I should take One shepherd, with a good dog, can the state of that foul house (pardon the
great interest in the disease,.and proba- readily attend to a thousand head of inevitable pun) on the 13th, or even the
bly have Dr. Phares investigate secun- Angoras, at least during the summer 6th, day after the last clean out-the
dumarlem: but my cow. having all died months, as they herd remarkably well, droppings of fifty fowls for all, those
with salt sick, I have neither time, though not so closely as sheep, and in- nights, and say two' or three of them
money nor inclination to do so, but, am variably return to their "roosting" places rainy ones!
willing for the other fellow to try it.. at sundown. They do not require any Let us have a regular good clean up
J. C. NEAL. M. D.. PH. C. more water than sheep, and if necessary now. Wash down the floor. Sprinkle a
ARCHER, Fla.. Dec. 7, 1887. they could be driven five or six miles to little gypsum, and to-morrow ,morning
water, say once a week we will do the thing properly by -crap-
Scalding Hogs. Angoras can be kept with sheep to ing up the droppings with a hoe. then
The art of butchering hogs, says the great advantage, that is, on the same sweeping then another hoeing. and pol-
Southern Cultivaor is but little under- range,-for they do not graze with the ish off with the broom. Put the manure
stood by the average negro. Ibu t wouittleu d sheep, being more active and rapid in in a barrel, sprinkle with gypsum, cover
stood by the avemostrage negro It would their movements. Feeding on leaves, it over and repeat the operation every
opame the mos cutter to see how the weeds and briers, they prepare the land morning. Takes time, does it.? Well,
work is done in an extend to ive pork-pack- for sheep, and do not lessen the number I'll guarantee that week in and week out.
ing establishment. such as Armour's in of the latter that is already kept in a our friend's system will take the most.
Chicago. About scalding: Bywhatever flock. Kept in connection with sheep. That Augean stable job is hard work.
method the water be heated, it should the cost of attendanceon a flock of goats Besides the cleanliness, the excellent fer-
not becooler than I0degreesnorhotter very trifling, for they require very tilizer you are saving, the greater pleas-
not be cooler than 1070 degreesdeees Fahrenheit. wen attention except at the time of ure in looking at a clean floor, and the
thcarcass is1 dippegreed Fahrenheintoit. One hundred a bringing forth kids, and their habit of saving of one's olfactories, make it,
-and sixty is about the proper tempera- returning home every evening is a truly worth while. Perhaps our friend will
ur to makeall the haiprop come easily valuable trait, say the earth or sawdust will deodorize
THE FLEECE. the droppings. So they might if thrown
-without risk of."setting" any t potion. Each flock should be counted every on daily, but Ithink he would be busy
ordinary thermometer, of which every evening, or visited once or twice daily, much more time.
farmer*should have two or- three.- A as some of them are liable to get their Just another snarl, please. Our friend
ttlestrong ashes added to there Water heads fast between therailisof the fences; says. "Run a partition aCro-is one end,
wil stnhescurf imore easi and. occasionally, towards spring, when making a room 4x8 feet for a setting
ndwill cause the scurf mmto slip moreeasil the mohair is very long. the yearlings room." If your readers want to make a
facpilitate theproces. g get their front teeth fastened in the mo- patent lice and mite generator, incuba-
facilir.ate the proce- hair to and breeder combined, let them set
in i Milin The greatest drawback I have experi- to work and follow that advice at once,
Cleanliness in Milking. enced with the Angoras has been the and I wouldn't take a contract to clean
DoQn't dip your fingers in the pail of shedding too early of their fleeces. Of that foul h, use without a special stipu-
milkto'lubricate the cow's teats while late years, by good keep during the nation for a hot bath, plenty of ammonia
milking. Good dairymen absolutely months of February and-March, and by and a bran new suit or clothe? after every
prohibit thepractice because it taints the their not running through brier patches, operation.
milk, and consequently injures the qual- I have been more successful in saving I would urge this upon all: Keep your
ity of the product from themilk. Bath- the fleece in good condition, sitting hens as far away from your hen
ing the teats and bag in cool water in the Angoras vary in their fleeces from year house as possible, and keep the floor,
summer.takes off the dirt, and- it soothes to year, both in quantity and quality', nests and roosts of your house clean, for
Sth'e:cow.- Thiscannot bedone.in winter the variation being caused by age and nothing breeds lice soquickly as sitting
or the teats will chap and crack. Rub the treatment they receive. A flock of hens, and they (the lice) thrive in noth-
the teats and udder with the band, and Angora wethers, of two to six years of ingso well asin filth.
much of the dust and scarf skin will age. if kept fat theyear round, could be I will return to the subject of sitting
come off. The scarf skin is very hard to made to produce wonderful fleeces, say bens hereafter J. KENNARD.
keep 6ut of the milk, and imparts to it six to eight pounds, while breeding ewes Sisco, Putnam Co.. Fla ,
the,"oow, barn" taste that is so offensive, would not average over four pounds, or Dec. 5, 1887.
Pullingidownonthe teats toget the milk less.' .. .. : R ____D-
from them is painful tor the cow. and Sheepi vary but little in their fleeces asFOR
the teats. Grasp the teat with the hand pending on age, sex, keeping and reed Em O iiOND EA MS
and squeeze without pinching, or the ing. The fleeces of yearlings and two Psiacms aPwr, irre'n, m.tpoR p,.rrorcion gA.nr Df s
cow will kick.. See that the finger nails year old Angoras are of the best qual- na-tr dru. Innt,,omoru,. .era a\ IitIa, oali.
arecl6sely trimmedd- A cow ought- to ity, miost-even. in- fibre, ,and the-' best. Ih .. it,,,,r a,...., rFRE.E Ar. hd or iih,niatox.
kick when pinched by a" long, horny suited to'tle manufacturer's wants. 853 Bro.d",y, New York. Baoil uL.l.t,p.



200 Acres in 3Fruit Nursery.

Fruitland Nurseries,

P. J. BERCKMANS, Proprietor.
The stoak of

specially grown for Florida, consists of every-
thing adapted to that climaci.
Send for Descriptive Catalogues.


A. B. Campbell,

Weber Pianos, Haines Pianos, Vose Pianos,
Morris Pianos', dClough & Warren Organs
Wilcox & White Organs, Peloubet Standard
S will sell and deliver at your nearest station
High Grade


For less money than any other house in the
United States. I will ship a Piano or Organ to
any honest man or woman on trial, and it not
satisfactory, I will pay freight both ways. $25
cash and $10 a month on a Piano, and $10 cash
and $5 a monthon an Organ till paid for-not
much more than an ordinary rent. On these
very liberal terms anyone can own an instru-
ment. Send for FREE ('ATALOGUE contain-
ing full information. Sheet Music, Strings,
Violins, Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons, and, in
fact, every musical instrument that is made,
and at very low prices. Send for complete Cat-
alogues. I have 20,000 pieces of Choice Music
at 10 cents per copy.



Well ttetEl ad apr proved varieties of the ORANGE and LEMON and other Cirus FF-uiti.
POMEGRX.NA'E, BANNANA., PECANS and GRAPE VNtES, Florida grown, of well known
varieties found tc. be united tn tne Coii and .imare ,,[ Florida.
Send i.:r a catalogue to- 0. R. THACHER, Manager, -
San Mateo'Fa.


The XLeading Varieties of Orange, Iiemoz and Peach Trees. -'

Washington Navel Oranges a Epectalty. Ine New Orange, "EVERBEARING." Or.1'aL
every month in the year. Peen-to. BidweU, Pallac and Honev Peat hes. A large st-,ck of Kel-ey
and other varieties of Japan Plumis, u'enLin LhE *'BLOOfI PLUM OF SATSUMA" and the
S"EARLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japan e- Orangec, UTUAmiu and Canton-Hybrid. Wnte
Adriatic and Foundling Figs, Pears, Persimmoes, Grape.s, etc. A large Etock of Shade. Avenue
and Ornamental Trees, Roses, Vines, etc.
Send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing,.'e ides the above, de,:eriptions oft all the .'Id and a
great many new fruit and ornamental trees adapted to Florida.

The following words, In praise of DR. PErECE.'s FAVoIUTE PREscRiproN as a remedy for those delicate diseases and weak-
nesses peouLar to women, must be of Inter-st to every sunI.rer from such maladies. rThey are fls.r samples of the spontaneous
expressions with which thousands give utterance to their sense of gratitude for the inestimable boon of health which bas been
restored to them by thb use of this world-famed medicine.
JoaiN E. SOLcR. of i..lenbeck, Va., writes: Mrs. SOPEA F. BOswELL, Whlid Cotta@,.P
I ,1- JOHN E. SEo^. of Mdabeck, Tra., writes: | T n vnI"W, : "-I took eleven bottles of your
i y "Myrwifehadbeen suffering for twoor three HREW AWAY vorite Precpion' and one bottle of your
1it 0L years with female weakness, and had paid 'Pellets.' I am doing my work, and have been
S out. o hundred dollars to pb cians wnh- | HER for some time. I have had toemploy help for
THROWN AWAVY. Iu reuef. She took Dr. Piero's Favorte 1 9U00nRTrR about sxtrL n years before I commenced tak-
H"RON Prescription and it did her more good than SUPPORTER.. g your medicine. I have had to wear a
all the medicine given to hb.r by the physi- ortr motof he ime; hi I have laid
cians during the three years they had been practicing upon her." and feel supporter most of the time; this I have laidd.
Mrs. GROROE HrOito-a. of We.t1icid, N. A .,
S n iwres "I ws a greatsufferer o leucor- WORKS Mrs. MAY GLtASON, of Nunica, Otau.a Co.
ITHE GREATEST I rhn bearing-down pains, and pain contin- T WORKS ic.. writes: "Your -Favorite Prescription
S ualy acro-s my back. Three bottles of your has worked wonders in my case.
EARTHLY OON feet health. I created with Dr. for lWONDERS. ties of the 'Favorite Prescrlption' I have re-
Sinne months. without receiving any benedt. [gained my health wonderfully, to the astonis-
The 'Favorite Prescripon' is the greatest earthly boon to us meat of myself and ends. I cam now be on my feet all da,
poor suffering women." ending to the duties of my household.

Many times women call on their family physicians, suffering, as they Imagine, one from dyspepsiaLanother from heart disease,
anotner from liver or kidney disease, anothertr from nervous exhausuon or prostration. another wil pain here or thee and n
this way they all present idike to themselves and there easy-goting and inifferent. or over-busy doct r, separate and distinct d seaes
for which he prescribes his pills and pot;ons, assuming them to be such, when,.in reality, they are all Only a,,,plo,, caused by some
womb disorder. The hyician, ignorant of the cause Of suffering, encourages his pracnce until large hills are madte. The suffering
anent gets no better. 'bu, probably iworso by reason of tue delay. wrong treatment and consequent comp.licationsA. APro medicine,
lke Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, dreeted to thei euc would have ebtirely removed the disease, thereby dispelling those
distressing symptoms, and intituting comfort instead of prolonged misery.
- Mrs. E. F. MOROAN, of No. 71 Lexington St., JEAOU A Marvelous Cure.- Mrs. G. F. SPRAOGu,
I3PHVY1PIAN I ^KO.1 BrBt',in, Mass.. says: '.Five years ago I of t-slal, Mich, writes: I was troubled with
| l was a dreadful sufferer from uterine troubles. female weakness, leucorrhea and falling of the
| AILED. sicians. I was completely discouraged, o for ad goodpart of the time. I doctored with an
weak I could with difficulty cross the room g o n army of different physiloians. and spent large sums
alone. I began taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and of money, but received no lasting benefit. At last my husband
using the local treatment recommended in his 'Common Sense persuaded me to try your medicines, which I was loath to do
Medical Adviser.' I commenced to Improve at once. In three because I was prejudiced against them, and the doctors said
months I was perfectly cur.:rd, and have had no trouble since. I they would do me no good. I finally told my husband that if
wrote a letter to my family paper, briefly mentioning how my he would get me some of your medicines, I.would try them
health had been restored, and offering to send the full particulars aainthe advice of physician. He got me six bottlesof the
to any one writing me for them, and enclosing a tiamped-cn- PFavorite Prescriputon also six bottles of the Discovery,' for
,Itop, for reply. I bare received oyer four hundred letters, ten dollars. I took three bottles of 'Discovery' and four of
In reply, T have described my otase and the treatment used. Favorite Prescrption,'and I have been a.sound woman for four
and have earnestly advised them to 'do likewise.' From a great years. I then gave the balanceof the medicine to mysister, who
many I have received second letters of thanks, stating that they was troubled the same way, and se cured herself in a short
had commenced the use or 'Favorite Prescription,' had sent the time. I have not had to1 take any medicine, now for almost
$1.50 required for the 'Medical Adviser.' and had applied the four years."
local treatment so fully and plainly laid down therein, and were
much better already."


The treatmentofmany thousands. ofoases oures nausea, weakness of stomach, indi- Inpreo rancy,"FavoritePrescrptiio
of those chronic weaknesses anod distressing geston, bloati and eructations of gas. is a mer's ordachl,"d otherelevi nausa,
ailments pecudarto tamales,at the nvlas s a sootian d strengthening weakness of stomach and others
Hotel and Surgical institute. Buffalo N. ., a ervineso lFavorite Prescripton is un- am poms commobt o-tht condition
hsr a eor dr a sm ers ienases innel eqralled and is invaluable in all yingWand I uses kept -up in the latter months of

or therl cure of woman'speculiar maladies. exhaustion, prostration.e hys teria, spasms _. ery as to greal. y lesser mant te
Dr. Pierce's Favor l tesPretio criptioe and othaoero distressng, nervous l tomn _al m st entirelysdo aw"y- .th.ts fr e-
ias the outgrowth, or result, of this -t commonly attendant. upon function and of that "ea"wei -
and valuable en -erience. Thousands aof organic ease of the womb. p tanduc s- Favornetien. esca ptieon'D..he tae .

testimonials recen ivend from pbLatients and refreshing sleep and relevu mental in connection th te 'use ofaDr. Pierce's -
from physics, wo have tested It in the le and despondency. Golden MedicTleDIscove and small laxa-
more ahgrated astinate cases which Or. Pierce's Favorite Prescription tive doses of Dr. Pieree's igatve Pel etA
had bafd their skill. prove It to be the is a legitimate medicine, ae fm.ully lttlo e -ver-Pil), cures Liver,,7-ey."d
most wonderful remedy ever devised for compounded by an ep enced and skillful Badder disease e. :The comd bineseesa-
Is not recommended as a "re-all.", .but organization. It is purel vegetable In I ts cerous and-'scrolous 'humpra from ,the
as a most perfect Specific for woman's composition and pefectl hamless In it osystem. lam t

and to the uterus or womb and ias ap- obstinate cases of leucorra or "whita.a manufa-_turers, thai t o il, ive.l set.s -
pendages I partial. oeo d, eceil ng at th o 'n se i on te

"spr h "ursn m' "o t- a l w ntevers, e- i .- .'. o : uf, or ma_' ",. .g b;- te : i
ers ar aes.e b a r n g aent hrn

appetizingcordial and restw ye tannic It derness in ovaries, coosieed ith 'of apint
romoesadigtestionganidassmlonoffoo, ternau heat. stn D s .
Addrems, WOdressDUakrsAEY IVIEDIC.f homb-rweako 6 atreeN car-
d wit, 'n -- '-- ""
a p;'- -. .. .- -n.. I'." "-a,.1

Send -f.r c'rcuiar. Cr-ul'aur coutainr short hit.irv of Peach Culture mn Florida, an-d hints as
to culture J. P. DePASS, Archer, Fla


IBER 21, 1887.





aw 7 .7 .T ,T A I&. 3O1XBO :mS.
20 West Bay Street. Jacksonville. Fla.
I handle none buttlheBe-Atra Mart d Rehbable Seeds. My new catalogue wdi be sent iree .n ap-
plicath.D. Also Wnoleale Dealer in '

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits. Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.

J. E, Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fertilizers.
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS --Compriim -gOr orge- Tr, ald Vegi-table Fe-rtUizer, Pare Grc.uni
Bone, Muriate <(i Potaih,. ulphate Potah, Nirate.iSoda, Kaimnlt. Eltc.
Prices on Application




4 .. -6-:.

4 07 ..

4arnf izcwiflag.


A Cheap and Efficient Shelter for Swine.
A Poultry Show of General Interest-A
Suggestion for Thanksgiving Day-Hints
on Stable Drainage.
Much has been said and written about
the treatment and disposal of house sew-
age, but comparatively little thought given
to stable drainage. This neglect of the lat-
ter arises in.part, at least, from the fact
that the ammonia vapor given off in the
stables is not considered unhealthful to
human beings. It,-is, however, a serious
annoyance, as are all disagreeable odors,
and then it is very Injurious to carriages,
affecting the varnish, as well -as impreg-
nating tha cushions with a subtle odor and
eventually rotting them. -- .





When stable drains- can be attached to
Sa regular sewerage system, or- be rmun into
a' properly ventilated wasting cesspool,
there i.ib iil- or no trouble about vapors
'' a ndW.drsb, buX where the liquid has to
Sdra"inio a close cesspool, considerable
S thought ari ingenuity are 'fquiredl.
It need harilly be told that stables
cuihLt mot to ie drained into the same-
ces'pool as ;s the house sewage. As there
is only liquid matter to be dealt with only
one cesspool is necessary, but this one to
be complete should be fitted with a mov-
able pump and an air shaft for ventila-
tion. All the drains must be made water
tight with cement, and the air shafts
should be made of cast iron pipe not less
than two inches in diameter. Zinc cor-
rodes rapidly when used about the stable.
S Tnie cut, which explains itself, shows
an I' rangement of a drain from a stable
Vwith ven(ation of the catch pit thati'ill
prevent all foul odors.' This plan is one
much employed in England, and those
who have tried it vouch for its successful
operation if four-iuch glazed' pipes are,
used and' the cesspool' and- catch pit are
Sventdated. A. bucket of water should be
.: poured down'every few days to flush the
drain. '.. '.
How the liquid is finaUly disposed of
: ill ary in indvidnal cases.- ':Itis most
Spowerftul jai.ure, and properly diluted
Se-comes a valuable fertilizer for grass or
other green crops. Where it can be man-
a _ed itho_.LL-beeomUi nE ai;sance,-a-good
p'.n is to pour tieccnatenct of the stable
te-spool on the c.mpuost'beap. .

-The New York Poultry Show.
Efforts are being made to insure a suc-
tes' -it the coming poultry show in New
York city, the results of which will prove
of wvidepread int-rest and value. This
exh'ibLti',u iS anuoun'.e'i for Dec. 14 to 21.
Number-d with special features promised
is anr exhibition c-f live and dressed mar-
ket poultry. The pigeon department
promises t,, be Qf interest, and there is to
be a toy dog show in. connection with the
exhibition. .
The premium list which has been issued
gives ftdl informnaron in regard to the
show. Silv-r medals, cup- and money
prizes are offered min all departucents. AUll
bUrds in the urst class wil receive certii-
cate? of so'erirl'ty, in the second class
certidcates of excellence, in the third
class certidieat.s o'f merit. The American
standard of excellence will be the muide
f-r all varieties that it covers and new
breeds will be left. to the discretion of the
judges. There are numerous club and
special prizes for the pigeons and a silver
cup valued at $50 will be offered for com-
petition in the homing class. Mr. George
S Pratt, Bridigeport, Conn., will be hall
superintendent during the show. The
following poultry judges have been se-
lhcted: I. K. Feich, of Naick, Mass.; J.
V. Bic-klel, of Buffalo, N. Y.; J. D.
N'evins, of Philadelphia, Pa.; George 0.
Brown, of Baltimore, Md.; Abel F.
2irevens, of Wellesley, Mlass., and C. F.
'Tnompaon, of Brooklyn, N. Y., formerly
of Newv Hamp-hire

Silelters for Swiine.
The farmer's interest as expressed in
dollars and cents ought in itself to be a
sufficient reason for properly housing and
SprotebtineL from the weather farm stock.
The saviiIg of food between, cattle exposed
to the elements and such as are kept dry,
warm and comfortable, it has been proven
-. over and over again, much more than
pays for the shelter provided. Every
farmer knows that the food required to
Sasustain life in cattle in cold exposed posi-
tions will make a profitable gain' where
these same cattle are warmly housed On
many farms where milch cows, horses and
.pou l'ry are provided.with suitable shelters
wiae are left to take care of themselves.

'I. '-

The opinion very generally exists that
sBwine, If fed rfguiarly, ought to thrive
without any other attention; hence these
i neglected animals-are.either left in open
S.-pens or ranges; orelse crowded into in-
sufficient sheds.and barn cellars, there to
-wallow in accumulating filth until the
timnearrives for slaughtering then; The
m' l tpip"P-ion.of' diseases amonghogs, and
tfie growinrig prejudiidce on the part of a
..numerous. class .of consumers;-of meat
g" egistz'-'pork are snflciient,-reasbns why,
-- this errfifeous practice should be stopped.
--# ," +-.- -,,. '-. .j
" '-" -* -'- ',, .- -

well with ino:.intiment oit one p.rt cnrbollI
arid to s -ven parts of v sei'i-, r.fore
applying the. ointment the pat ti. slh..ild be
well washed. Third-Dres- the f:-ot well
with bandages, and renew ithe treatment
and dressing about once daily. While
this proceis- may 'ometilmnes cure, yet it
cannot always be depended upon, but will
generally improve the conihtiu of the
foot, if it does u,_t cure it.
In the cut are represented a "bumble
foot,"and also a healthy or normal foot.
How to Feed Hoga.
Profe'sr Henry, of the University of
VWi-conusin, wh,' has been carrying out a
series af experiments an hogs. Lby feeding
some to produce fat and some to produce
lean, has recently given the results in
form of a report. Theie results make it
appear that when hugs are f-d rations
rich in c.rbhydrates, bunt lacking in pro-
tein, like cornmeal, we w-ill find:
1. That there i6 an excessive develop-
ment of fat not only on the out-i;de of the
muscles and beneath the skin, but also
among the musiucles 2. That the muscles
of the body fail to develop to their normal
size, especially some of the most impor-
tant ones, as those along the back.
3. That an abnormally small amotcnt of
hair and a thin skin result. 4. That while
the brain, heart and lungs do not seem to
change in weight, the spleen, liver and
kidneys are unusually small 5. The
amount of blood in the bIody is greatly re.
duced from the normreal' 6i. Tne strength
of bones rnity be reduced one half.
The conclusion is that a system of feed-
ing which' robs the hog of half his blood
and half the natural strength of his bones,
and produces other violent changes., is a
most unnatural one, and must,-if per
sisted in, end in giving u, a race ol
ainials which will be unsatisfactory to
aUl concerned..
From parents thus weakened mnut come
descendants that will fall easy victims to
disease and disaster.
Professor Henry believes that, without
an extra outlay of money more proftable
and rational methods may be followed-
methods of feeding that: will produce
sound, sweet, healthful meat. First of all,
we mast see to it that breeding sows aru
fed a proper ration in which portein com-
pounds form a liberal share The young
pigs must likewise have a goodly allow;
ance of'-portein, while the mature hogs,
when fattening, can ,be ted a large propor-
idon of carbohydrates, especially if we
wish to make a Large proportion of lard.
The food 'articles at our command which
are rich mn portein are skim mdk, butter-
milk, shorts, bran, peas, green clover and
,the Like.
Without attempting to givepreciserules
for guidance, the foliowingstatements will
be found of value: During gestation breed-
ing sdowssholold have only a small allow-.
ance of corn, the feed being mainly that
which will go to give her young good
sound bodies. Such feed would be shoots
(mlddling-;or ship stuff, bran. skim milk.

Thetime has come when tae growers qT
pork mustxercise more care in relation
to the healthful housing of their animals.
There is also room for improvement in
the matter of feeding for firm, sweet flesh.
Experienced growers of pigs are unani-
mous in the opinion that numerous small
pens and limited runs, with few animals
in each, are superior to one large pen and
one large yard. There is a preference
among some breeders for solid earth floors
for pig pens when the soil is a naturally
dry and well drained one. The matter of
ventilation in these pens and sheds is an
important one. It is required to prevent
dampness from sweating when the ani-
mals incline to pile up and smother one
another, as well as to carry off the noxious
gases arising from the manure.
ln the accompanying illustration is
shown a cheap hog shed, common in the
west, and recently described in Prairie
Farmer. It is constructed by setting
three rows of posts so as to form a square
sixteen feet oin each side, with a post in
the center. There are three posts in each.
row, the two outside rows are four feet
high, while the inside, row is three feet
higher and bears the ridge pole. Rail or
pole rafters are laid from the plates on the
outer rows of posts to the ridge pole, and
after the sides, are tightly boarded up the
top is covered with crushed corn stalks.
Slough hay or flax straw makes nearly as
good a covering. A door three feet square
in one corner, and a square ventilator
minade of six-inch boards placed in the
roof, completes this shed. 'This arrange-
ment for ventilation prevents the animals
becoming damp from sweating, and from
fifteen to twenty-five hogs have done well
in such & pen. By occasionally shoveling
out the accumulated dirt and providing
dry fresh earth a good bed is promised
where the cold is not too great. This is
not warm enough for small pigs, but in a
climate where the temperature does not
run much below 80 deg. it answers nicely
for stockers running behind cattle or for
other hogs that aSf -kept through the
winter. Its cheapness especially recom-
mends it to farmers in a new country.
The total outlay for boards, posts, etc.,
need not -be over $4 to $6, and the labor of
constructing it is but very little.
Bumble Foot in Fowls.
"'Bumble foot" is becoming quite a
prevalent disease among fowls, -especially
fancy-stock. Many theories have been ad-
vanced as to its cause and cure, but, ac-
cording to Poultry World, none have
proven as practical in a general way as the
decapitating process. The following is
recommended by the journal quoted from
as the best treatment for this disease:
First-Open with a sharp knife the un-
natural excrescence and remove therefrom
the granular substance aud matter con-
takned therein. Second-anoint theparts

This plan, it is claimed, lessens the
amount of obstruction to the light, and it
is impossible for any water to drip
through, being carried off by the groove
in the face of the rafter. The correspon-
dent proceeds to caution readers against
the use of cypress in the construction of
sashes, as it never becomes thoroughly
seasoned and changes in dimensions with
every change of the weather. In the
-vicinity of Charleston it is only used by the
mill men in the making of the very pcheap-
est grade of door sash and blinds, and they
all say that they would not use it in the
first class work on account of its changing
-with the weather. To prove the truth ol
the above take two pieces, one of cypress
and one of yellow or southern heart pine,
both thoroughly seasoned, place in water
for one hour, measure and place in the
sun ft:r one tour,; measure again and note
the i de'rini:'i more than likely the piece
of cypress after lying in the soii ti will be.
found curled and twisted. This is written
only for the benefit of those who contem-
plate building. Cypress is undoubtedly
one of the best woods to use in the parts
of the buildings not affected by the
weather, but for hothouses or other out-
side work it is useless. '
A Useful 'Feeding Rack..
The cut here given illustrates a feeding
rack, the invention (not patented) of an
Ohio genius, who recently told in Ohio
Farmer how to make it.

K \\

The uprights A and the stall proper are
made in the usual mauner, but the brisket
cut B is novel and ingenious. The sketch
fully illustrates the manner of c(onstruc.
tioun. Ther V shouldd not be over fourteen
inches wide at the top and two feet deep
to the point. From the bottom of the
feed box C to tha stall floor is twelve
inches. By this arrangement. is gained
the advantage of a saving of food and
quickness of feeding
It, is furthermore claimed by the in-
ventor that, no matter how ugly the ani-
mal, it c:.innot appropriate mruore than its
share of the feed, or use its horns either
for pttrposes of offense or defense, and the
advantage of feeding any kind of proven-
der-fodder, straw or hay. Every animal
gets his share-no more, no less. A hole
is bored at the bottom of the V for the
rope, giving the brute plenty of room, per-
fect cleanliness and thorough protection.
Keep the Stable Free [rom Odors.
Attention is again called to what ought
to be a well known fact-namely, that
nothing will keep a stable so free from
odors as the free use of dry earth.
Everybody who keeps horses or cattle will
find that it pays, with interest, to keep on
hand a plentiful supply of fine dry soil to
be used daly. A few shovelfuls of earth
scattered over the floor after cleaning will
render the air of the apartment pure and
Beet Sugar In California.
Recent repoiis from Califorija make it
appear that Mr. Claus Spreckels is in earn-
est about attempting to produce beet sugar
on a large ,cale in that state. Beetseed
has already been widely distributed among
the farmers, and a manufactory costing
$ii0,00 is promised to be in operation nest
fall. It is claimed that this plant will
have a capacity cof producing 65,000 tons of
sugar annually.
Here and There.
There is a scarcity of honey.
The yield of oats for the country aver-
ages this year about 25 bushels per acre.
The barley yield is nearly 20 per cent. less
than a medium crop. The yield of rye is
11 5 bushels per acre, and the total pro.
duct about 24,000,0(00-bushels.
The governor of Wyoming officially
states that the territory is adapted for
-farming purposes as well as for stock
California is sending canned fruits to
The nest meerLng of the National Swinej
Breeders' association will be held in Chrf
cage, Ills., Nov.. 16.
Volume thirty-two of the American
Short Horn Herd Book, containing 1,089
*page-4, is now ont. Ic tis requested that
pedigrees for volume thirty-three be sent
soon to the: secretary, Mr. J. H. Pickrell,
"Montauk,'block,,115 Monroe street, Chl-
-cago, -. nis -' Pteen thousand is the num-
'ber oL 1rsC to a volume.
lTlisjj 6iIt three-fourths of average
o .#toP'., *

.. '" -...
.,3. -

buttermilk ant clover. When suckling her
young, of course milk is one of the best
articles at our command. When weaned
the pigs may get, say, two parts of milk
by weight, one part of shorts and one part
of corn meal. A run on good clover would
go far to make a good frame. When near-
ing maturity the ration: can be changed
more and more to the carbonaceous, and
for the last two months, when fattening,
the feed can be largely corn, if one desires
fat pork; but if lean, juicy meat is desired,
the muscle making foods must be con-
tinued. ____
A Dripiess flothouse Roof.
A southern correspondent in American
Garden, who is not troubled with drip as
many are, accounts for it in the fact that
the rafters and sash bars of his hothouse
are made after drawings illustrated in thp
cut, which shows a cross section.:


4amil4 edintg



Author of "Shepherds All and Maidens Fair,"
"By Celia's Arbor," ,"The Golden Butterfly,"
etc., etc. ..
Day followed day, and wtas,.,u followed
season. I had been with Lady Campion
nearly two years. I had been- so long lun the
great, quiet house, where no foot fail was ever
heard on the thick carpets, so long with the
stately lady Who saw everything- with blind-
eyes, that the old life seemed quite gone and
lost. No more running and singing; and if,
as happened sometimes at first, a sense of,
weariness would fall upon me, madam, who
divined everything, would admonish me:
"It is for Will's sake, Pleasance."
And for his dear sake, what labor, what
weariness, could not be borne? .
We did not stay all the time in the city.
Lady Campion had a house at Chertsey,
whither for three months in the year we re-
paired, governess, lessons, and all. There a
horse'was kept for my own riding, and a
groom to protect me. When September
vanished, and the leaves were yellow, we left
Chertsey and drove back to our city house,
in a carriage almost as grand as that of the
lord mayor.
No'letter from Will all this time; not one
We kept up the deceitful correspondence
between Will and his mother. What travels
we contrived for hirm! What adventures
John Huntspill and ILimitated from books, or
invented out of our own head What hair
breadthescapesl What romantic incidents
Madam had no suspicion. She watched for
the arrival of the letters; she had them read
and reread to her; she learned them all by
.heart; she quoted them as admirable speci-
mens of the best modern style; she dated
events from incidents in the letters.'
They'were all victorious in those days.
Surely there was never a time when a nation
was so brave as ig the time of that long war.
There was no note of hesitation then-no
timid counsels. Girl as I was, I gloried in
the spirit of the country, when, with one
consent, the nation flew to arms to resift the
threatened invasion. Every day after break-
fast I read aloud The Morning Post, especially
that portion of the paper which gave the
naval intelligence.
One morning I read the news of the battle
of Trafalgar.
The list of casualties would be published
in a few days. John Huntspill and I went
about with heavy hearts. He did not dare
to meet my eyes, for his Portsmouth corre-
spondent han found out that all four were on
board the Victory.
We had illuminations in the city to cele-
brate the 6rent on tee Day of RRejoicing. We
drove-in tsrate-to -cTurch to offer-upour- far
from humble offlriug; we invited guests for
a feast of tLas.nLsgiv-mg; we sent money for
the poor in token of gratitude, and we gave
orders tbha the rejoicings of the house of
Campion & Co. should excel in splendor those
of e-ery othb-r private inouse. The front of
the Louse was covered over with a trellis
work, on which were fixed thousands of oui
lamps of different colors, arranged in patri-
otic designs. In the center was the lion and
unicorn, with the words "God save King
Georgel" Above was the union jack, with
the legend "Honor to the glorious dead" I
drew out the plan by madam's insurrutiois.
She thought me wanting in enthusiasm and
delivered a little speech on the part which
should be borne by women in the glory of
their country. Above all, she said-her
words fell upon me asa bad omen-above all,
women must be ready, for the sake of their
country, to imperil without a murmur the
lives o husbands, lovers or sons.
On the morning of this joyful nay John
Huutspill, in paying his daily visit to madam,
handed me quietly a letter. It was addrezsed
to me-I had seen the writing once before, in
tee parish register-by the rector of RousdutL
Could it be troun Will I hastened away and
tore it open with trembling fingers. It was
not from 'Vii. It was from Dan Gulliver,
and it was the s-addest. letter that ever a girl
"My Dar& PaRETTrrv" (said poor old Dan)-
"We hare made tue portof Portsmouta, witt
the admiral aboard in' his coffin. Jephilhah
was killed in the action with a round shot
which cut him in two pieces. My poor
pretty Pleasance! don't cry too much, bul
Mr. Camnipiou rell overboard on the way
home, ano is consequently downed. -This s
bad news for you, I am atrain, and for me
too. Job sends his love, and he says he i
alive, and he wishes it. had been him. Your
affectionate DAN OGULLIVBi.",
Teat. is the news which greeted me on the
day of illumination for the victory of Tra
My goverin&ssicame to me. I sent her awaj
Se1x some excuse and sat down by myself
saying over anu over again, so that I should
be able to feel the whole bitternessof despair
*Will is drowned Will is drowned! We
shall never see him againI"
John Huntspmll came in search of me. He
saw by my face what had happened. Hetool
the letter trom my fingers ann read it. "Poor
Pleasance!" he said. "Poor, poor: child"
I tumk te must have sat with me all tha
morning. i know bhe talked from time ti
tlme; but I forget what be said. Presently
began to understand something. We mus
not let madam know," be repeated. "Sbi
must never know. We wdl prepare a letter
fromu-from her son"-he paused, and for
moment his voice broke---statlng that he
going on some expedition up -the country
and then no mois letters at. all w-ill comi
afterward and you will mourn together-yyoi
It and his mother. But she must never know
her son's real end."
Had I had my will I would have gon'
straight to madam and told her ad. But I
seemed' more merciful teat she should b
spared the detaias,wnich ne wished his mother
never to iflpw.
"For his'sake, Pleasance," urged Johi
Huntspdi, "'for his sake be brave; keep you
heart bsfore her. Let not my lady's pride
as well as her beat, be broken. Sbeemis
never know. For' his sake she must neve
He would not leave me till Ipromised tha

-- -

i would du my nest. during Me rejoi'.Imgs One of the pijzesoun A
I too V) ould seem to ileju,`e. night, in that ndary-weatliPP"lle'ahf't
Oh, heavy dayl Oh, day which seemed as poor Mr. Campion fell overbqra4
it it would never pa-s! At 1 I was called to drownedo."
luncbeou with mad.am. She was in excel- I lstenied to the story, my hea
lent. spi.itS, beiipi-i tnan I bad ever known hands When Dan finished I burst
ijcr. Preisently sh- akicedtbarply: "-What is fresh sobbing and cryig. I t org
the malt,., FPasaincve You are crying." Lady Campion and everytang.
I was thinking, madam,"-I sobbed, "of locked up. \VhiJe Dan told his st.,
the brave fellows who are killed."' .- hiding my .face min the sofa and cryl
"Yes, but there is a time to mourn and a the door'stood wide open, and mada
time to -rejoice. -You were thinking, my stood therdlisten ing to every word,
child, of my son." I did not answer. "Come he- Julin Huntspill, with white- ch
to me, Pleasance.'" She was sitting after troubled brow. I lookedupin myi
luncheon in her arm chair beside the window, sprang to my feet, terrified by th
'Come to me." madam.. She .wasdrawn to her fi
I knelt at her feet. and buried my head in leaning on her stick; her face was
her lap. white; her lips trembled; her sgh
"He is a long time away, is he not? But I seemed to pour lightning on poor
write to my son and tell him about you, was terrible in her despair-and wrat
child. When I wrote him last. I sent him "Tell me," she said--"not you. girl
word thai I would- not oppose his desire, -tell me, man, smuggler, sailor,
'Yes, Pleasance, I have watched you more you are, who was this Mr. CampiPc
narrowly thau you know. You will make oierboard and was drowiiead"
my son happy. Take my blessiag, my dear." "He wae your ladyship's son, and
She laid ner hand upou my-head solemnly. ances's sweetheart," said Dan, simple
Ah, if she kuew-if she only knew '-'' "And he was a smuggler, too, was,
lin the evening, at 5:3,, we hbad a great din- "No, madam, not a smuggler; c
ner, v h,b'h lasted until 0:30, and then we all for a boyish freak, be must needs
sallied forth, including madam, into the with me for a single venture. And
street, protected by a uody guard of the were all tried, my lady, at Dorchec
house's voters armed with stout cudgels. we got offl tor three years abroad,'
The streets were full of people, shouting, the news we picked up on our way
fighting and druinug. If they passed a "'Triedl-my son was triedl-with
house without illumination they broke the saulorsl He was tried and 'got off
windows. Should we never finish' I thought, sent to seal" : ..
Midnight came at length, and the boat, "And he is dead," said John Hi
with the sailors, came back to the square. solemn sadness. L
The puncheon of oiun was rolled into the "He is dead" echoed his moth
sqeaie; there was Ziore shouting, more fight- you, girl, knew he was at sea, a
ing, until the c'o.ntents were all gone.r We sailor?"
were at the open window, looking on. At "AJasl" I moaned, "1 knew only
last the rum was-all- drunk up, the mob dis- "Tuat .you eo'uceale'.i from me.
persed, the oillamps nent out one byone aud know on Illuininari''n Day that m
we were able to go to bed. dead" .
"Good night, my daughter," said madam, "I knew that then," I replied.
as she retired, exulting and happ3, to her She was sdont for a space.. Her
room. It was the first time she had called dry ani hebr lip parched. Had she
me he-r daughter. Oh, the bttternvsl that might have had hope.
such a day i1 death and bereavement should "Al l that. day," she said, "you g
be chosen for this acto of grace and kindness a irejii.:in5 m.:n.ber wvho bad lost a
This torture endured for a fortnight. Then who Lad lost your lover, rejoiced
the end came, in a way which w littleex- re-t." ...
pected ana had not guarded against. "Nay, uaylI" minterpused John"
It was in the toreuonon, about ll::-i, before "She pretende'l, tosave you... Listed
John Huutspal had left madam, and before It. was by Mr. William's own
Itee aJ-rrval c.f my Elinging ma.ster, who was ccmmanda-that you Were kept in
'due at N'. I was alone-in my own room, free of what had happened. I anew
ior a moment from tutors, givernese, and that it would be better. As no Ie
my lady-frie to think of tee past, my only triom Mr. William. we wrote lett.-r
solace. My own maid-she was the only one tended they were trom him-for hi
in the house who knew that I had some secret, read them to you for his sake.
sorrow-came to tell me that tmere was a dreadful news came i resolved thai
sailor, an old sailorin the ball who wished to keep up the decepti'n-ftor his -ai
seme. 'Who could itbe but Dan Gulliver? you should never know when and
It was indeed old Dan himself. He came son haddied."
up stairs in his slow and quiet way. .1 saw Get me my desk, John Huntspil
him be,:.re he saw me. He was dres-ed like He went. obediently and brought
a commc-n sailor; his hau- was grayer and great mahogany dealsi, in which
"is dear old fa-., graver; there was no other pretended let.trs, all neatly tied
change. opened the desk and found the par
He stood in the door way. He actually did "Take them Henceforth, John
not recognize me. you are no longer my confidepina
"Danl" I curied, E-pringing itMo his arms. cannot truit yv.ul Trust, you
,"Dani Don't uryou know mea" can I trust any cone?' Is there mE
-- Then he ddid-and' laid his hands-upon my or child ;n-this great world tnat- w
r shoulders, holding me back and lookingat Poor woman poor mother!
Sme, before he kissed my cheek. where she had heard the whole,
"My pretty!" ne said, "and growed so tallI the doorway, Johi Huntspill bei
And such a lady I To be sure, she always fore her, Dan Guihver, amazed
Swas as sweet mannered as any lady in the krnowing w hat to say or do; and n
Island. And oh, my pretty! he's gone he's whel" e with misery.
i gone Dun't take on I don't lake on!" "We must put s:.me akindof ord
"Tll me al! about it, Dan. Tell me. And affairs," said madam. 'You wii
Spoor Jephbnai gone tool" lawyer to me at. oLce, John Hunt
S"COut in two halves, he was, with a chain is pi-carious, eveu with the old
Shot. Died uin acUon, my hoy Jephtbah. But with tbe young. I must make n
Mr. Campion, poor young gentidman, he died tions. And I would be alone-
Sby drownindmg. Fell off the yardl in the alone-i this house. You will al
night, and never was seen-how could he be giO. if she wants money, let me
s een --afterwards Poor young gentleman I" son's betrothed must not starve I
".Oh, Dan-Dan-my hearswill'biea" son is dead-L blaada!" sh tep eated
dropping oC.f her voice.
Cry, pretty-cry as much as ever you can. I threw myself at her knees and
But cryin' won't briig-,him back. Cry now, by tne Land.
nhlle i tell you ail-about bim. "Oh, madam! dear madaml f,
They knowed Gui'- Estory aboard the Vic- Say that you forgive me, for V
Story. I was Smuggler Dan. 'the boys were sakel"
S"gler Job and teForgvel" she echoed, in a I
Smuggler Job and Thutyer Job--becausab'm "Fdi'gyvel what does it mean:
Sorry to say, they mariners aboard his seek to do you harm. You shall h
I majesty's ships never- knew which was What more do you want. You I
I which. And so Jephihah, who is now cut in me and played with me. You ha
i two pieces, was never knowed as such. And my son to detrucLion, you and;
Mr. Campion they called Gentleman Jack. gler friends. My son, who should
i Now remember-some young gentlemen after an bouor to me and to this ,:it
father before ntol, Ibas died in di~i8
getting a three years' billet in the fo'ksle for gife you f Yes, i W forgive you
smuggling would ha' sat down and grizzled, sea gives up Its dead."
Mr. Canipion wasn't one o' that sort. 'Pro-
vidin' always,' he says to me-'providin'al- Nursery Rhyme Interpre
ways, Dan, as my mother never finds out, Here is a nursery rhyme I st
Swhy, what oddi is a three years' cruiseF' And to draw attention to, one.in.cot
merry with it. Once he ketches hold of a in Cornwall, which is certainly
i fiddle, the fo'ksle's alive; when he began to 'antiquity and has even the rep
play you'd ha" thought the fiddle was talking being of Druidical origin. It
not him a playing All round him the men follows:
S would be siLLc' an' singing' till the whole ship Eua, means. mona, mite,
A was as good tempered as if there wasn't nary Pasca, laura, bona. bite,
Sa bos'n nor petty officer aboard. Eggs, butter, cheese, brea
A "Well, you may depend on it, pretty, that Stick, stock, stone, dead.
r it wasn't long before the officers got to know The first two lines are said to
what an uncommon sailor they'd got shipped netic representation of the Inc
6 aboard the Victory, for a little run as he'd performed 'by the Druids-before
- made across the Channel one fine night; and molation of their victims;.the
it wasn't long before Capt. Hardy hisself, reference to the fattening process
Finding Mr. Campion on the quarter' deck-h the victims were subjeced inm a
S axed him-ay, before the adlniral-.'6-*o hi, of their -immolabion, and the-
I was and how he came aboard. Mr. Campidoi 'course shows the ordinaryrno
; no more afraid of speaking to the capital molation to have been either i
0 than to the carpenter, he t0ld "him, touching 'them to death with sticks orsto
his hat, that he had been'caught smuggling; with stones.-Notes and Querie
A that they'd all got off with' three yeas for .
k the information they gave to the Admiraltry, The Cooklady's Daughte
r and that he hoped to give satisfaction'to his All Ladies-Ah, Mrs. Genteel
Honor so long as he was aboard, after which you do'today? It is an -age sin'
t time, he said, he should give up sailoring be- -een you. *How is. your. daugh'
a fore the mast. Capt. Hardy he laughed, and I haven't seen her for a long tin
1 the admiral laughed; andt then his lordship, "She's quite well, thank yoe
t who ought to know, said, in has quiet, easy salesladly.now, at Plush &' Silk's
s way, that a man was no worse sailor for "Indeed? And your,daughtes
r being gentleman born, but that gentlemen "Oh, Mamie is forelady l
a ought not. to run cargosa across the Channel. tomato canning establishent.
5 After that I think the word was passed down "I hadn't heard that ,Is'.inul
; to make some sont of dlffeirence with as. now ... -, .,-. r.,
B Anyway, the worst C the bos'as never laid "No, she has. gone to. Hartfoa
i rope's end on none of as four. lug ladytoa v eery5weaithy aind
w "Come theaction off Trafalgar. My pret- womanlvngt here'.", ..,
ty, we done our duty-Job and Jephthah and ."Oh. has he he, Thesnpe' *-M:
a Mi'. Campion and me-till that chain shot athno;LenB.Iwes.amePc,"
t came, and all I.saw eV my boy Jephthah wa; "ohn h; Lnar hady^ ,t acce.
a .two halves and a pool of blood. nation as K urshe lady a i .b
r "When .the admiral fell they told me to Judge K Sh .a e
.'carry him down. That 'tok best paxo- "So ot awe ll'v'k.4oej"- -o
. quarterof an hour. The actionlat half, 'he we.,rt .,gl .we upour
tr an hour longer. When Lh. firing ceased and the -. Blta.,,psno~di i.a.n owi po
,' one could look ro-nd, x sw Mr. .apion Mrs. B.. '..o, u ung.,j
t ,alongsideof Job,.allve and hearty. As for. ;-' .;- ..-ii.. -'-iti,' ,.-'t.
ri -Je-pht~haa,' that poor boy was' throwed .oveI - I 4.a."44d6.c07.o000 f 'irrook l
board In two halves. -: ,; .,:. L .vae p,,,9,90i2fl f
,t "We had nasty weather on the way home. 'yealf to at "bacco .flt.n- "
-4,. -
: =-7 I

add wab g
d mIn my .
out into
ot about
I" never
'.i v I lay'
ng, niue
m herself
and with
grief, but
a look .of
ill height,
Less eyes
Dan. she
h. ,

; not you
n who feUll

my Pleas-
s he"-, .: :
C'nly once,
run across
I when we
.ter 'Sizes,
causee of
h common
1'-he was :.

nistpill, in 2 -

oir. "And
too WeIlt"
Did you
v son was .

eyes were
wept one

gazed upon
Sun; you,
d with the

n, madam.
wish-nay, ;
; I agreed
tters camt
rs and pre-
s Eake; we
When the
t we would
ke, so that
how your

bt back her
were Will's
d up. Shea
reei. :
Huntspill, .
I Enriend. I
O Heaven -'
an, woman '
]i not iHO"'
Sie stood
just within
de her; be-
d, and not
myself over-

der into our .
ri end -my *- '
tspill. Life
as well as .
new dkposi-
-altogether .""

ke away teb -----.-
know. My
because my -
. with a sad
caught her-
el-give me! .
Wil's swnW
bard voice.
I shall not
ave money.
bave fooled .
ev tempted
your smug-
I have been
y lilke his
grace. For-
-when the

wouldd lik
nimon use
y 6f beat
utation of
t runs a4

* *^WOJB-----__ *-------.. ----

FiF -


be a pho-
e- the 'im-
third haa
s-.tp which
fourth' of
ode'.of im-
by. beating
ning them
e. i:., "

, how do
ce' I' have
ter Katiet'
i. She iv
c.the new
I, -. .
i*"t~, m

t.u_ hou
*d as wait-

have, only

opte. a sit-

bdu44i or -
ohia at


vast quantity of fine cabbages growing DECEMBER WEATIHER. April 26th : "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND northernn Cauliflower 20@25c per head. 10'
-S a nicely which he has already contracted The following table coiled fom the records FRUIT GROWER has far surpassed expec- Florida cabbage, wholesale, 16U per head
to sell for 1 cent per pound, of the Jack- onville igna Station by Corporal stations. It sheds light on many obscure Snap beans wholesale 150 per bushel; re.
*T. S. Townsend, represents the temperature, con- pages in the book of Florida's possibili- tail 10 cents per quart.
State News in Brief. A Short Sea Island Crop. r e father rainfall and deton ties in fruit, forage, live stockand in the White turnips $225 per barrel, four quaris
-Seventy-five men are employed in There is now no longer any doubt that Jacksonville station during the past 15 years: development of her vast store of hidden ,ts per bun ret etpe neh 6
resources." English peas 62 ..76 per btshel, 15 cents
the Punta Gorda fisheries, the Sea Island cotton crop will be short, E.EMP. WE R. .5 Plyley Engsh pan erM..er t per brtsel,, 1 cent
-The Messenger says business is very in fact, it promises to be much smaller -- Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Oange Heights, per q ries crate; i
lively at St. Andrew's Bay. than that of last year. The opinion the n writes, under date of July 2: You can quarts fr 25cents.1
TIMES-UNION expressed two months ago TEARS. j .. l not imagine the solid comfort I get from
-The Quincy Herald says two more that the bulk of the cotton wis goig to .t ot the sensible advice given in the FARMER 9R -NG M ARKETS. .
cigar factories will be started there soon. market unusually early this season has AND FRUITGROWER in all matters per-
-The White railroad will shortly put proved correct, and now the receipts are L8 o aii N to the farm, from your able 4.81 Natest Euotations ftr Florida
on another train, making two each way even lighter than we had reason to be- 78 79 56 9 12 10 3.8 N corps of contributors and the logical rts and Veetables.
per day. lieve they would be. 1874 79 35 59 6 17 8 0.05 N views of the editor. The paper is a God- ''ne following special despatches, by special i '
-The fish and oyster business at Ap- Up to the beginning of last wek, the 1875 812857 15 8 842 w send to the granger who is threading arrangements wh the Florida Frut Ex- -
alachicola is booming, and a great deal receipts at Savannah for the season were 1877 74 29 57 10 10 thelabyrinthan ways of Florida farming f chan e rut Exch t ge varoub
of money is kept in circulation. 11,879 bags against 11,605 for the cor- 1878 74 27 52 12 8 11 8.86 W and fruit growing." ties. They can be relied upon as accurate. IIr
1879 79 36 62 10 11 10 0.48 NE
-The papers throughout South Flor- responding period in 1886, but last week 79 4 1 E Mr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes: Special to the TIMES-UNION:J
ida speak encouragingly of the pros- there was a sudden slump, the receipts 1881 79 41 61 6 19 6 2.86 E "The new paper is just what all engaged NEW YORK, December 17.No change
pects for a good winter's business. being only 1,134 bags against 2,155 for 1882 78 28 54 8 15 8 4.34 NW in tilling the soil should have. We like in our market since the last report. The
pects or a good winters business, the same week last year. At Charleston 1888 78 30 60 15 15 1 0.42 NE the style in which it is managed Facts
-The sponging fleets on the reefs near the falling of in receispts was g 188t om ik wt is m n ed f Nacoochee has just arrived with 11,000 boxes
-They Wespongemaing l herte hfallingt ws gra4 7.78 NW and not boom talk is what is needed for with a total number of boxes and cases
Kee qWet ar makinglarge ehalsand proportionately, the receipts r the past 188 76 27 67 10 13 83.20 sW the advancement of Florida." oranges on the way here from the Mediter-
ws against 70 bags for 0 Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, ex- ranean to-day is 827,000, and 32,900 boxes of
-During a heavy gale, a few days ago, the corresponding week of last year, Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's presses himself as follows: The FARPER lemons. We reading the Sacramento Bee of
over 100 ducks were killed by flying while the total receipts to the end oflast Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are AND FRUIT-GROWER is the best thing in the 10th instant that a fruit commission
against the glass in the tower of the Mos- week were 4,975 bags against 5,422 for looking finely, its way I have seen. It is just the paper house of that city has sent an order to Florida 0
quito Inlet lighthouse. the same period of last year. The re- WILLIAMS, CLARK & Co. needed, and if you keep it up to the pres- for one car-load of oranges for their require-
-The wines which are made at Colo- ports from the Carolina plantations are ent standard of excellence must become ments, which is an innovation surely. o
nel W. H. Gibson's Sunny Side place, extremely discouraing, and the bulk of Ladies' Purchasing Agency. popular with the people. I can't see SoOBEL & DAY, Agents.r
ta fr elicat r and s staple is believed to have gone forward A New York lady of experience and where you have left any room for im- special to the TES-UNION Absolutely Pure.
priority. so it is pretty certain that the receipts for taste, enjoying the best facilities for movement. BOSTON, December 17. -We are pleased ThI pc.d.r never rare A narvel--"*.
The brick works at Sorrento are run- the balance of the season will be phenom- shopping under advantageous condi- Mr. J. R. Campbell, of Paisley, writes to reportagood jobbing trade on oranges the purity, tr an whole ea. More
-The ic wor a rreno are run- enally small, and there is reason to doubt tions, offers her services to ladies desir- to us as follows: "Out of five papers I past week, and it certainly should continue economlet, ibarhn I be ordinary k nds bad
ning on full tim e and making an excel- whether the total yield will be within ing to secure any kind of wearing ap- take, yours is the only one I read every through next week. The supply promises to can not be old tin ompet ipon wit- l
being encouraged. by the receipt of 8,000 bags of that of last season. parel, toilet articles or household goods, word of." be ample. The Savannah steamer has 12,80C) ~opht powdf es .: d aj a i,
numerous r the receipt of The sales of long staple cotton this at New York prices. Send for circular. Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouth, boxes and the Norfolk steamer 2,700boxes. ROYAL BAKING POWDEr Co. lid at
numerous orders. year have fallen greatly behind the re- Address Miss S. S. Jones, Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: "I Both are due here next Monday, and prices New York. "-'
-The commissioners of Orange county ceipts at the ports. In Savannah the 179 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. think your paper the best agricultural on comnion grades may be a little lower. APAN CLOVER AND TURF ORASS
refused by a vote of three to two, to ap- stock on hand at the end of last week paper published in the South." Present prices same as last quotation. T
propriate $1,000 for the benefit of the was 6,857 bales against 4,461 at 'the same HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED Mr. w. w. Dewhurst, of St. Augustine, BLAKE & RIPLEY, Agents. (LFpcde:u ,stiata dcrd P a.,paiu plo uIa .)'
South Florida exposition, to be held at date last year. At Charleston the stock writesof the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER Special to the TIMES-UNION:1 Iliu.trated and desorlbed in FLORIDA Fa RA
Sanford in February. has been pretty well cleaned up owing to under date of July 183: "Its character is BALTIMORE, December 16.-The demand AND FRulr Osowrn. .1 r
-The right of way of the Alabama the high prices .that prevailed there, ex- A Few of Many Expressions ot greatly in advance of anything ever be- is fair for russets at $200@2 50. Brights firm Supplied at 81.00 per IhoefIx
Florida and Atlanta Railroad (Bronson) tra fine Carolinas bringing all the way Approval. fore printed in Florida of its class, and and scarce and wanted at 6300@3 50.. -4r- .*
is cut nearly to Eustis, and will be from 31 to 40 cents per pound. its aim is so near what we have long & W.mxs, Agents. T.K. OI)DBEY. t l ri
finished in two or three days, when The struggle-between, the buyers and Mr. F. E. Heath, of New York City, needed that I feel it a duty to give it aid. D & WLKINS, Agents, ODBEY. o. Floida -
grading and tieing will be rapidly pro- holders in Savannah continues, the latter writes under date of September 26th: Special to the Tnes -UNited t N. ELLIs,e. E. .. E. MS.C ,'LREa Ar i ho
needed with. demanding about quotations, as shown "Your paper can stand comparison with CINCINNATI, Iftember 16. Florida or- '
-The next session of the Mount Dora m our special market reports, while the long established agricultural journals in iS anes good demand. Choice brights $3 2E; 8L S McCLU E,
Chautauqua, February 4-23, 1888, will former decline to buy in any quantity the North; and it is beyond comparison russets $250. Receipts light.
be a grand one, the officers say, as some except at concessions of from a half t thbest of t ass ever published per- AKOVI E AKET. JAMES A. BA &Co. Agents. Vlle
of the best American talent has been one cent per pound. The outlook nowis g to da. Special to the TIMES-UNION:] Prs f..r
engaged for the several departments. for higher prices. If the holders will Mr. R. J. Wright, of Tangerine, writes Wholesale. PHILADELPHIA, December 15.- Bright, PI P f.r.
-Mr. J. W. Trammall is preparing decline to yield awhile longer, there is as follows : "Your paper has more than JACKSONVII.E, December 10,1887. oranges firm at 2 50@3 25; russets, 2 00@22: HO B & IE
-Mr. J. W. Trammall is preparing to little doubt that the better grades of held its own, and is getting better every Poviio tangerines, 7 00@9 0. 2G i- EERG,&. W
set out a ten-acre orange grove near Florida cotton will bring 25 to 28 cents week. There is a freshness about it that "e.rn E. R & B$O., agents. ox 7o Ponoms 7 and S Palmetto Blok
Lake Hollingsworth, and Mr. R. O. Cre- per pound. The statistical situation as makes every number an agreeable sur- bMEAS--. S. short ribs boxed, 5i5; D. S oERT o. Agents. By Street.
san will set out 1,500 trees of the finest well as the genert outlook is all on the prise." long clear sides, m8c; D. S. bees, 8c; Specialtothe TIMES-UNION:] iJACKNTH.LE, F.gh
varieties on his Lake Hunter place, while side of the producers, and if they will Mr. Ezra A. Osborne, the oivner of the C. hams, canvased facy,.12c; sho ST. LOUIS, emb -Fanc brig OVAL PALM NURSERIE..
Colonel F. R. Green will enlarge his maintain a steady front they will get imn c ders, canvassed,8c California orpicnic hams, ora i'. (,Cc aize, $8 25@850; choice, IRO
-Terai d fti mmen se cocoanut groves on the south- ta, i prpflune tierceso 7oc Mesa beefro 0C; Dec r s 2 2 50 a
eleven-acre grove to ,one of twenty-six prices for their cotton that will more than e n coast, writes from his home i e Lard-refines tierces, 7. Mess beef- 00; russets, $2 252 50. Demand good
ares All in Polk onern coast, wtes fr his home m New barrels, $50; half barrels, $550; mess pork, eathercool. .MANATEE, L,)RDA.
acres. All in Polk county, near Lake- compensate for the shortness in the crops. Jersey: "The FARMER AND FRUIT- $1700. These quotations are for round lots ER R MANAtEE, FLORIDA.
land. Planters who have not yet sold can not GROWER is ahead of an other IaNpr T fromflrst hands. al s GEBE & SINAIGo, Agents. Rear tPar..ai, orniomenlanua r trpit planti for
-The railroad from Thomasville to lose anything by holding firmly a little hae seen in showmingus Northerneeher table, 24@28c per pound; cooking, 15@20opr pero een hce.t A a h ine of ce
Monticello will certainly be completed while longer; and the chances are that great agricultural advantages of Flor- pound. HICAGO, December 14.-Fancy brights $reerh, o,,antt and .gr', and gendrartl~ iinursery
by May next. The work from the State they will realize the best prices they have ida." rain, Flour, Hay, Feed, Hides, Etc. in good demand at $350; choice, $300@32 25- rtock a ti pt.. t.:. Fl:.r.,ja and he Soutn -
line is very light, and can be completed obtained since the season of 1884-5. bo e and AN-Corn--The market very d russets, $2 00@8 50. Receipts light., Weather E,.f,.)n lnd,, Airal, and the West
in a few weeks. The farmers of Jeffer- s of Palatha, wie, under higher. Corn very scarce in this market. The mild. BARNETT BROS, Agents. nr.., tbe Una.! Stat,-.
son county are nearer free of debt than Opening of the Sub-Tropical. r of June 1: Your FLORIDA FARMER AND te ite co presenttob lot days a 75 ues: We ar Commaissionl MerehTani. s Thse uon ct c .rple ri c .l.e of
they have been in ten years past. Good dof une 1: Your FLORIDA Fi AND qucre white corn, Job lots 75%er bushel; car rropleai ..lI.P t, iage Cf
they have been ten years past. Good Secretary Forbes, of the Sub-Tropical FRUIT-GROWER is a perfect success. It oad ots, 71e r she; lo e corn, jo Special to the TIMMS-UNION: Amera. CarA,ue mail sie' aid on re-
crops, fair prices and excellent healthIisOf d of a h of te hn in 72c per bushel; car loba lots 70o per
Pps i prices an e health Exposition Company, has issued the isfar ahead of anything of the kind in bushel. O higher, in sympathy wth corn, NEW YORK, December 16.-The Savannah of:es re al toe.
ha their good effects.-Monticello following for publication: the State, and every 'one interested in at the following figures: Mixed, in Job lots, teamer brought ,400 boxes of oranges. The aA. Fla -B
Constitution. h o a aJACKSONVILLE, Dec. 8, 1887. horticulture or agriculture should not be 45; aloadot White oats are hi demand continues large for br deal-
-The Florida Wine Factory is no'w in Please announce the following, and without it." e armer, 2425 per e ou r piey and es
active operation and is using several request all papers to publish it: Capt. R. E. Rose, president of the St. HA- e0 -e ket firm. Western choice, easy. Brights, S.t3 l2 0; russets, $1 51,2W; .'
thousand oranges daily. This company The opening day of the Sub-Tropical Cloud Agricultural and Improvement W DE h rtnear ad angerines. o.8 o; ma ndrlper te; East00e y,6. r00 "er tn. -...
will pay to our citizens, through the Expositionhas been fixed for Thursday, Co., writes from t-Kissimmee, under P aGrsANME.I-- ,flrm,410 Very few vegetables arrv.ing. Pr,,es lrm RH |nInr
Bank of Apopka, several thousand dol- January 12, 1888. date of June 10th, as follows:- .The b420 per barrel. for good stock.
ployedoi-et patents, a5 207 550; iood f Ite N ORS .eaayoE
lars. They have some fifteen men em- The programme of the day will be an- FARMER continues to improve. and. as 1 9e 0 co 50oodG. S.cAmo.4..
played at good wages. The capacity of nounced in due time, and special ex- predicted, is becoming the standard ag- =As--Ixed 8125, whips $185, clays $1 80. 'Specialto the TIMEs-UNIo-: -R- O-P .
the works will be again increased and cursions will be run from all points to ricultural journal of the South." NE :..n r -Per ton(. 8 .0. NEWYORKDecember T weather FOR TB E PEOPLE. RE t o
they will probably consume two million Jacksonville, and arrive in time for the "M'. G M Whetston, of. Mikesville r o -reen o, 2082Mo pehrpnd; Jaa, warm and u e emner .- ae wea there is
thfive wl tasted, 518c; Mocha,.roaste,8c Elo, warm ano muggde demand slack and the s
Sson.--Appa City Union. opeecial attention of counting. Columbia county, writes under date of rated. 25@28c; ground Rio coffee @2c.per market somewhat weaker.
n popkCt nion The special attention of county co- August 80: "The FA:ER ANDFRUIT- p. TE WESSELs Co.
-The visit of Mr Disston and his as- mittee and of all exhibitors is cal t G 8i0 "The So MU o Demand light. sea TH W ms Co. .
-The isit, of M Disson"e ad os called to GROWER is the best journal of its kind in sand or dark meal, $18 00@19 00 ger ton;
sociates, made for the purpose of inves- the absolute importance of completing the South. It is doing a good work bright or short cotton meal $20 SM @ .r m@.2,W.
i g, ToS-ake qiewbtd ddvancing-Mfarming- e inuty bt &"m at LEAF T TAfETS nuin
tigating and making additional plans in and shipping their exhibits without toward advanoing- farming i dusty in pTon ITEMJ--MarketIquiet but Lirm at EAIF TOBACIO MARUTS.
reference to the sugar mill and planta- delay. Florida." r-Eastern 500 barrel lots 8130 100 ba NEW YORK, Nov. 17.-The market for seed I I lll -I -
tion, and the two towns of Runnymede It is desired that all shall be in corn- Mr. Irv el lots $a0, less tan 10081 so. Alabama me leaf shows a somewhat increased activity. U
Sand Floradelphia, was more than satis- plete order within that building by Sat- Mr Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green 115. Cement---merican 6 00; English 825 Sumatra sells readl at $1.2061.95; avana is
factory to the capitalists and will result urday, January 5th-at the furthest. The w under dte o ma mpy "W erb-he quotations vary, according to RIMror Nvem .-T e ErGH-AE PAPE
i the investments of additional capital time is now limited, and there should be ritate o May e center ound, steady and firm and leafs selling at anmakets A-P PAPER.
in this section. A new and larger prompt and active work by all con- nkTHE FAM AND UIT-GROWR SA-ierpo per sac s00; per car average of from $10 per hundred. Ane
i dredge, capable-of nutting a 60-foot cerned. a the best to be had for farmers in Flor- oad, 90 cents, coaounl rtlass Wlir$16 8.r gar leaf for steExcsive F -ranhaef b
canal at one operation will soon be put W. T FORBES, Secretary. ways get new deasfrom it. country halted 9l%@100ts, shipment to the United States is active, and -
into service, making another outlet from Mr. E. W. Amsden, of Ormond-on-the- butchers dry salted 8 cents. Skins-Deer flint, sells at from $40@55 per quintal.
Lake Okeechobee which of itself will The Moss Industry. Halifax, writes as follows: 1I am tak- 30 cents: salted 13 cents. Furs-Otter, winter is selling at Quincy, Lake ASoITE M. DESP
S The-MsInuty Oraco101d City and other places at from 150c per
materially assist in-the drainage of lands The swamps around New Orleans and ing ten papers on agricultural subjects, lo5 es e; x 1015 c cents Beeswax per poun. the Largest ani O Ellc nt N Service i
still higher up.-Kissimmee Leader. and if asked to surrender the FARMER pound,18 cents; wool, free fom burs 18. -2 thee ,.nrroy. k6o.
Messrs Morens & Keeling have their ghout Southern Louisiana, Missis AND FRUIT-GROWER, I would tell them e ; burry, 8 15 cen; goat ski cents SAVANAH COTTON MARKET.
fertilizer factory in full blast now-the This moss, within the past few ears, the other nine, but leave me cala lime, $110 per bbl. co ton aar ee r he l -APECIA TELE IPI SE C
mill has been repaired and they keep it commands a good price as a commercial ay peace and plenty and years country Produce. quotations:
humming, grinding bones and oyster commodity, being largely used in mat- o wo. gven you to conto.nue the ine reamery 15 cents per Middlin .air............................... and the most complete
shells. The stock ot raw material is tresses and upholstering, as well as other o"good rpn. waited surly andpoor M adding .... ............. .. 9
increasing, and already they feel the purposes. The demand for it by manu- Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county, demad as follows: Henes 8.5 cents; mixed0 Low iling ... STATE d1 RVICE
need of more storage room; we are glad facturers is gradually increasingyear by writes:' "I believe your. paper will do a Bents; hall grown 22 cents. Good ordinary ...............'. minal.
to know, however, that the demand tor year. There are quite a number of fac- good work in disseminating newideasin Eo-Dua Cunty. 27 cents per dozen The nt receipts were ,715 bales; oas re- FROM ITS OWN CORRESPONDENTS
their fertilizers is also growing larger, stories in New Orleans that prepare the regard to fruit raising, farming, stock with good demand and .n.ited ..00 eipts ,715 r,a es:saies2,."o balessto at this CO ST.
day by day, and larger mills and more moss for market. The Times-Democrat raising; etc." 425 Sper barred. 6,12 bales 'b ; expors to [te continent
facilities formanufacturing will soon be aythere are over sixty houses in that Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Isla ud: -western erb oarrl$ 3 w r TELEGRAPH IC
a necessity; one orderwas received last city that handle moss. The moss is -"Judging from what I have seen of the New York Cabbae;12 sl.pere. THE NEW AGRICULTURE
week for ix tons of bone dust, for Mr. shipped North in bales, after being FARMER AND FRUIT-OROWER, it is the NEW BIs.Es-New Y6rk 8-275 per barrel. THE NEW AGU LTU RE, < ORANGE Q.UOTATTONS +
W. T. Booth, of Cantonment, who finds ginned and classified. The same paper best agricultural paper published in the To _A-rcrts-New York, per crater -O1- .
it to his interest to patronize home in- says: South. I predict immense success for il." reTURS-Ruta Baga variey $20 per bai- THE WATERS HELD CAPTIVE. from alU the Leading Citles of the Union, dur
y :-Advance-Gazette. H. CLe e K the searo are indispensable to ever'
dustry.-Pensacola Advauce-Gazette. The receipts this year comprise 24,55 Prof. S. N. Whituer, of the Agricul- Forel'n and Domestic Fruits,. By HoN. ...N. COLE-: = i theiGeab n, are m peth to eah ne
-The DeFuniak Springs and Lak- bales. against 14,643 bales last year. tural Collee of i i f PRuNEs-French,120. T e un.lergrned has madearrangements wta who has a daily maU twenty times
Stanley street railroad is to be completed Certainly a remarkable increase. lo : I say in all s it PNEAPPLEn-l 5@2per dozen. hepunabledis terof thi noted book by wch heis thepce o he paper. Itsend.
before the opening of the Florida Chau. The moss is g there chiefly by ne exceeded can say i aU s inxpcty, it ons LON-Mess, In layers,0(37 per box. enabled turnish li at reduced price. Sends
-tauqua in February. A carriage drive groes and furnishes employment for a Already it is withotit a peer in all the DATE-New Persian-Boxes, ; Frails,7c. LEON DESPLAND, VEGETABLE QUOTATION7S
running parallel to the street railroad is very large number.-Southern Live Sonth. Nrs--Almouds 18c; BrazUls 12c; FUlbertsa prmg Park, Fla.
being made to Lake Stanley from the Stock Journal. r .... ... o L E, l ; n le are also full and complete.
Chautaqua Pak. Th '"De ia 'Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala- Marbots 15o; Pecaus 14.0 Peanuts 6Yc; Cocoa-
Chautauqua Park. The Wpest DeFuniak, -. '. ". auts$350@'460 per hundred.
SCompany is receiving bids on a new -The -Ormond." the new hotel on awrtes: a delighted with the -New London aers8O er bo. American Wonder Mi ne
hotel. Thousands of fruit trees are the Halifax Peninsula, opposite Ormond AMER AND FRIT-GROWE, and re- G- Best Butter rom Swee O Year, ons,5. T
being planted on lands adjoining town on the Halifax, is fast nearing comple- ommend it to all on account of its corn- BoreLRInt-tramtery oc; ExLra Dairy 170; En two enutts. Ice Crram oi fire mLu e Mouthg2.50. One oth,81.
o eTia ae1 Itwo mntcs. Iee rrea in folloMinutes. icosmtbqe, 8_-.50. one out0, $A.
A large share of the trees put out are Lion. being pushed energetically by the plete adaptation to the wants of this lat- Dairy 15c. Also ied r oconferiuoners druggsts, anrers.
apples. which fruit is grown with profit contractor, S. B. Mance, of St. Augus- AtPPLs-New or 8 Orl 0per barrel. arts. MeDa of. fele vard t
in this soil. Before the war this county tine. His foreman is making things Mr C. H. Goodich, of Orange Park, calawoba Grapes, 10a per. HbknNHarcour i Motolair Fla. TyHr---sionBto
produced large quantities of tobacco of hum, and says that his men shall finish writes: "1 must say that the FARMER Camawoa.Bananapeas,'i 300 per.buinob, .acu oc F. FRANK,
the finest grade. This industry is being on December 10th. C. P. Brts. of AND FrlT-GROWER is decidedly the best Real 6Eat2d Street.New York City. .
revived. Jacksonville, is the general superinten- publication of the kind in the State. I The flowing otaons are caretui re- l r v TIhe
-A correspondent of tie Times-Union dentof tbis work for the owners, Messrs. -them all aOd caE coparT JheiJErS o t e dbyadu a a FORSALE. g LCg lLI 1 I g
writes from Plant City under date ot Anderson & Price. cThe main tower m o arket: sFine Csava Canfoeed, in los t
Dec. 6th as follows: Your correspon- commands a broad view of the Halifax Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distingihed ew York Cabbae wholesale at 250300 pFir.hasaera. ICneufor see d ,o i t EtoHT PAsES
dent made a visit to the egg plant patch and the Atlantic Ocean. The great Or- horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger- per beael and retu at Je@tc5nt 00 per iI RTHURi i.-BROWN
of Mr. J. C. Calhoun yesterday, and mond bridge, nearly 3000 feet long, is man'town nurseries, in a letter dated ousleo,andretareatia 26operpeck. Beleview, Marion Co., Fea. isthe Bestand Oheapeat Weekly in the Somh
learned from him some interesting act oompleted. and i paying 18 per cent. Marchd5th, writes: I am N very much Eggs arena darenmand. u eggs ANADA NLElACHD HARD WOOD Contains theCream oftheDalyfor theweek. -
actly an acre and one-third wanted in coming. Captain Hawes Ryder, the ROWER and shall read it regularly, Boston marrow squa es wholesale a A H -
these excellent vegetables, an a that founder of Chelsea Beach, and of late which you know is a high, compliment 2o50 p er barrel, and reti a, I aents pr o
he has already shipped over 100 barrels years a winter resident of Jacksonville, for an editor to pay to an exchange." po York 'rlatoes wholesale at 8800 pplied to car loud put up in bag or barrels. ly l1 ot s ear; t0 ienf^ Ifr
for which be has received an average of i about to build five houses for renting. Hon. J. Pelot, of Manatee, wrNtes ews Yeorbkrreoandretate wholesialer at or D irecpt him@en. dran eo analy es. Price -ixMOnthS.
3per barrel net. He thinks he will get foows: 'I look upon your paper as twoqula ts r 5e ns w lea CHAS STEVENS,
100 barrels more from the patch. Mr. Tsans is a grand drainage scheme on one of the most valuable additions to aenataech ureTail-a recent each.a Box re e Naianee, .. S
Calhoun is of the opinion that he would foot involving the emptyng of Relfoot our agricultural interests. It is ably poultry, per pound-chl olen, re la, 18 7 ent. Ontarlo, Canada d .
have netted $500 on his egg plants if the Lake, on the Mississippi River, near the edited, practical, directs attention to Noronemn meats retail he eu 6 o5 .-pSample Copies of all oree to any
frost had not cut the crop short about Tennessee and Kentucky line, and the matters of primary importance in the n lul8p tp er pnd cFlorida bANTED is. Addiress. .
100 barrels. The egg plants shipped to reclamation of land valued at several development of our various industries, oenis; motton l'ut20 cents; venison 28 cents; -- .
NewYork sold for the best prices, some million dollars. The cost of the work is and carries with ita spirit of energy and sausage b5cents; cornedbeeflOcents. riptin
of them netting $5 to $6 per barrel. Mr. estimated at less than one-tenth the value enterprise that must address itself to ev- tou oars for 25 cent per brre A S. Reel nd Silo Reeler at re the"-
Tom Smith, of this place, has one of the of the rich lake bottom and swamps that ery searcher after information." Norhern carrots wholesale at$2 50 per bar- SPRfNG GARDEN SILK FARM, so -betoe '- R .
.be st'truck gardens im this vicinity. He it is expected to bring into cultivation MI'.Mr L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas el~ retail at 60cents per peok.. e e prin Garden, :""-. -' ." .,,. ..-. .
Shas fine lot of-ripe tomatoes; also a and the market. Dural county, writes under date of 'l oo entsperdoy two voolulg Cdo., l a." W
., +,. . .- C -": .- .-- + ";... .... .;-+