Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00042
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: November 30, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00042
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text

VOL. I---NO. 48.


Some O'bservations of an Ex-
perienced Cattle Man.
S&tr Fl.orida Farmer'ancd XF~iUG'rower:
I notice in your issue of the 26th ult.
an article by Dr. J. C. Teal, of Archere
Fla., on a disease of cattle called "sail
sick." While the 'Doctor is perfectly
correct in his general statement, he is,
in my opinion, wofully at fault. in that
he attributes the cause ef this disease to
local peculiarities of the different sec-
tions of which be speaks. However
vague my views and deductions may ap-
pear, they are based upon the experience
and observationsof a period of thirty-six
years in Florida, all of which time has
been devoted to the stock business in all
its phases.
That the "salt sick" has ever been con-
sidered a fatal disease among cattle I am
free to admit, but that all ranges alike,
regardless of location, character of the
grasses, and proximity to the coast, are
alike subject to the disease, is a propo-
sition upon which I take issue with the
learned M. D.
The fact that Mr. A's calves take sick
and die, while his neighbor 'B raises
strong, healthy calves, is'ne argument for
or against either locality. The cause is
oftener traceable to the treatment which
the cattle receive. Go to A's ,house in
the morning at sunrise and you will find
his cattle in the woods, beginning their
day's work, while the dew is yet on the
grass, and you will also seetl.emcoming
home promptly at sunset, with both
stomachs and bags distended..
Then go to neighbor B's, whose cattle
'are "salt sick," and though it be'S o'clock
a. m., you will find the old woman and
three or four of the "gala" ait the cow
pen, with dresses tucked to an amazing
height, their bonnet flaps pinned behind
or on top of their heads.each with a galI
Ion pail in her hand, and milking all the
way from 20 to 40 cows, squeezing each
teat as dry as though a cider press had
been used. No wonder that neighbor
B's coys bave the "salt siek,"' "dry
pouch," or some other cdbtraction of the
Ask the cause of this sicknesst" among
the calves, and they will descant, upon
the causes like this: "Waal, I think old
Speck gives too much miik for her calf,
and it won't feed after suckingso much.
and old Brindy's calf looked bad when
we penned her up. and old Smi:ths folks
liked to milk old Mot's calf to death,
before we got her home," aad -so ,on
through an endless vocabulary of
bovine names, assigningacaiuse -for.eaobh
Btut the causeof this kind c.t'"sickness"
is too well understood amongca'itle meni,
who pay no attention to such balderdash,
and I fear that too much of this -"salt
sick" of which the Doctor speaks is 4at-
tributable to just such causes.
There are but three classes or kinds of
cattle ranges in .which this sickness is
,prevalent to any noticeable extent, viz:
,First, on all new ranges: sect-ond, on all
ranges adjacent to a sea coast; third, all
lake regions, that is. all regions which
.are interspersed with lakes and sand
hills. This last proposition is a fact
which will be corroborated by every ex-
perienced stock raiser in South Florida,
all the adverse theorizing in Christen-
doma to the contrary notwithstanding.
: A. M. WiLsoN.
MAAKKA. Manatee County. Fla.

A Subject for Investigation.
Edtc.r Fl'orda Farmer aid F'rui-Oroue-r .-
*- Having'h'eard of this malady in Flor-
ida from several sources. I had hoped to
obtain definite information as to the
causes, symptoms, and especially the
post mortfem condition of the several or-
gans. Hence. I read with eagerness the
piper of Dr. J. C. Neal in the October
26th issue of the FLORIDA FA RMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER. I was disappointed.
The Doctor makes no attempt to specify
even probable causes, but apparently re-
jects the conjectures of others. His
statement of symptoms is meagre-no
daily history of temperature, pulse, res-
piration, condition, progress, and other
matters of interest and importance to a
correct diagnosis and prognosis. His
p )st mortem gives no hint of the condi-
tion of the brain, spinal cord, heart,
liver, spleen, kidneys, rumen, reticulum,
omasum. abomasum, bowels, and other
important parts. It does not appear
that he made any section of the lungs or
any careful examination of the blood,
urine, bile or contents of bowels.
If the disease be so widespread. "in
every county in the State since 1852,"
and' so fatal, surely some pains will be
taken by those interested to collect reli-
able dataon the points above mentioned.
Suflicie'nfi facts can-be -accumulated to
enable one to determine the true pathol-
gy of the disease, its causes and success-
ful p-reention and cuie.- I have an
opinion as to the nature aid- treatment
of thq disease, ut;the 'facts- that have
come 'tdo my know ledge are not sufficient
to "qducemeto publish a mere conjec-
ture. I hope farmers themselves will in


every case pursue the line of investiga-
tion above indicated .and report their
observations, Give us no guesses,. but
simple facts. A sufficient induction of
these will elicit valuable truth.
Professor of Biology.
Nov. 18, 1887.

Cattle in Putnam County.
Editor Forida farmer and ru-tt-Grower:
I have been greatly interested in the
article by J. C. Neal, M. D., in your issue

Dutch Belted Cattle.
The Dutch belted cattle, which are na-
tives of Holland, and should not b'e
confounded with the mottled or piebald
cattle now imported from that country
under various names, but are a distinct
breed or family, and are so recognized by
the Holstein and Dutch Belted Associa-
tions. Their breeding dates back to be-
yond the seventeenth century, when the
cattle interests in Holland were in the
most thrifty condition, and this type
and color being established by scientific
breeding-decidedly the highest attain-

the hot months my cow is not turned
out to graze until 83p. m., but is fed green
forage in the stable.
I think all that good stock need, is
good, wholesome food and -proper shel-
ter from storms and the hot sun. A
good cow will pay for good care in but-
ter and milk, and furnish much good
fertilizer during the year to credit the
profit column with.
I also brought two horses from Iowa.
Both are doing well, and although feel-
ing the heat more than the cows, have
done the work of cultivating grove and


of October '6. I think the information
very valuable, but am sorry there is so
much in the subject that is discouraging.
If one has a healthy location' for cattle,
I think the cattle industry is a very im-
portant one to attend to.,
My experience for the past ten years
.has not been uniform. I have kept only
Florida cows and their descendants. I
found difficulty with the first cow I kept,
and was obliged to put her on a different
.range to save her life. Every calf but
one that I have tried to raise has died
,the first or second year.
The one I succeederl in raising is now
a nice and valuable coew She and her
mother, that I keep for family use, ap-
pear perfectly healthy. My old cow was
claimed to bea mixture of Georgia stock.
When fresh she has given twelve quarts
of miLk a day. She will average from
eight to ten quarts during her season,
and carries her milk up to a few weeks
of the time of dropping her call.
I yard my cows at night and they run
at large during the day. I keep tl'e -'
well bedded with pine straw, wire and
broom grass. and clean up the droppings
every morning. I feed bran and cotton
seed meal, bhree parts to one, and such
coarse feed as I have: I could hardly
content myself to stay in the country
without fresh milk and butter.
I hare a neighbor who has two cows,
a Durham grade and a Guinea. They
have been perfectly healthy for a year.
He keeps his cows in his'fields and a
pasture of a few acres, and feeds much
as I do. His cows came from the region
of Leon county.
I have observed that cows and calves
are perfectly healthy on Drayton Island.
A Jersey brought from -the North and a
Durham from Tennessee are doing finely,
and proving very profitable. There has
been no dijiculty in raising their
calves. At a year old they are much
larger than yearlings usually are. The
grass on the'island is Bermuda grass and
common wild grass.
C. B. C. will find no trouble with good
Northern cows, if he feeds well with such
grass and hay as a horse could live on,
with proper feed as slops for'a cow. Be
sure there is good shade at hand for the
heat of.the summer. However, if one
has never handled stock it will he well
to take advice from someone who has,
not, too far away N. W.

-" '-The orange crop from the DeBary
groves near Enterprise will amount to
about 5,000 boxes this season.

meant ever reached in the science of general farm crops, besides serving for
breeding. The historian, Motly. well general driving.
said. **These are the most wonderful : I- J. A. BLANCHARD.
cattle of the world." V'ese caule were UMATILLA, Lake County, Fla.,
solely controlled by the nobility of Hol-t Nov. 11, 18i7.
land, and they are to the pre-ent time
keeping them pure, but are not inclined FEED FARMING.
to sell or pait with them.
Their form is usually very fine. and
they are wonderfully productive as 'Fine Forage Crops Raised on
milkere: combining, as they do, beauty Reclaimed Ponds.
and 'utility in their highest development, Reclaimed Ponds.
we do not wonder that the nobility of .Edi,,- Flo, rla Farmer and FraiL-Grrwer:
Bolla-nd hold so tenaciously to them. In Experiences in forage raising seem to
color they are black, with a continuous be the order of the day. I will proceed
white beit around their body, the white, -to give mine. I planted Kaffir corn
being pure white .nd black jet, about the 1st of March. which proved to
making a beautiful and imposing be too early,'as it did nothing at all until
contrast. This belt is always repro- steady warm weather set in. After
duced. and is so perfectly fixed starting it grew rapidly, and by June 1st
that it will crop out in their grades for it was ready for the first cutting, being
many generations, even against cold about five feet high and heads turning
strains of blood. The belt varies in white. Here I made my second mistake.
width in different animals. Their form which I record for the benefit of others.
,. usually very fine-thin necks, small If forage is the object., don't wait till the
'horns, straight backs, wide beast and. grain is white before cutting. Cut first
hips, switch long and thin, udder square 'e soon as most of the stalks begin to
and well placed, eyes prominent-and show their heads. By doing this one
calm. skin thin, soft and mellow, with may sacrifice a little of the sweetness,
silky hair. In size they are above the but the forage will not cure so hard and
average mature cows, ranging from tough.
eight to twelve hundred-bulls reaching I planted one sixteenth of an acre
sixteen to twenty hundred, on moist black land, fertilized with
Lady Aldine, whose picture we give about two tablespoonfuls of cotton-seed
ouri readers, is a splendid specimen of meal to the hill. From this was cut
the belted cattle, and won the First about 4(o pounds of green forage. It
Premium" for highest individual merit was cut in the morning, left. that day
at Ihe Pennsylvania State Fair in1886, and night in winrowson the ground, and
She is the property of Mr. H. B. Richards, after the dew was thoroughly dry the
of Easton, Penn., who has been quite next morning it was tied in bundles and
successful in breeding these animals, Ifauled up. It was too green to stow
which are not Holsteins, although some- away, so the bundles were left scattered
times confounded withth that class of about the floor for several days.
Dutch cattle.--Southern Cultivator. The stubble soon began to put out
suckers, and in five weeks these were
S---. --------- ready for cutting. The second cutting
Jerseys in the Lake Region. turned out about -250 pounds. With
Ed1or.Flom'tda Pam-mimer anid Frit-Om'ou'rm: tbe'e results I thought the patch had
done its full duty, and so left it to the
In answer to your correspondent C. B. aercy of the crab grass. But this did
C.. I have to say that I brought two uiot discourage the Kaffir corn, for it
calves from Iowa rwo years since. One fbrthwith put up a third growth, and at
was a thorough bred Jersey, the other, a this date has matured seed.
grade Jersey. Both are in good condi- IThese results, coupled wit th e fact
lion. and neither of them has suffered- that all stock are very fond of it, prove
from any sickness, or lost a foed up, to conclusively that Kaffir corn is a good
this time. [thing. It "must, however, be remem-
I sold the grade to a neighbor, the'bered that this experiment was tried on
Jersey I have. She furnishes milk and good black laod-in fact, part of a
butter for the family: has been milked drained pond. On higher land, at Mil-
every day for nearly three years. Is. it raukee Place. near here, your able cor-
"this'time fresh, having a calf six weeks respondent, Mr. Duncan, report poor
old, r hardly heed' sa- that both have success .
been well fed and cared forT7i-dd not' al- '- 'If your readers could see the immense
lowed to run out oi'the range.- During barn'on that place, with its third floor

filled with pea vines, oat and rice straw,
they would imagine themselves "out
West" sure enough. By the way, as
Brother D. is such a modest man-bar-
ring his claims for the magic square-I
intend some day to give you a full ac-
count of his doings over there.
After all, my opinion is that the pea
vine is the most reliable forage crop for
South Florida. On moist and well
drained prairie lands, common rust-proof
-oats succeed admirably. Last year, in
November, I planted a half acre'of the
aforesaid drained pond with rust-proof


especially on our gray or mixed land.
It is-excellent forage. either areen or in
the form of hay, for hu'rses. cattle, sheep,
goats or hogs. They prefer it to any
other tcrage. It i healthy, of fine favor,
and animals will shed off1 anrd fatten on
it directly.
I sent aoie of the seed to parties in
Middle and South Georgia'two.years ago.
Their experiments with it have proved
very satisfactory. If the farmers
throughout Florida and South Georgia
would bestow a little care on this valua-
ble weed, there would soon be no neces-
sity for Northern or Western bay to be
shipped here. We would have such fat
hogs, cattle and horses as would surprise
the natives. D. A. SMITH.
ANTHONY, Fla.. Nov. 15. 188'.


To be Grown. for Home Con-
.sumption and Export.
In a letter to the Country Gentleman,
Col. M. B. Hillyard, of Louisiana, com-
ments as follows on a letter written by
Gen. Stephen D. Lee to the grasegrowers
of Mississippi, advising them, in view of
the probable scarcity of hay in the North
and West, to save and bale as much as
possible for sbiptment to those sections:
Here is the Southegoing into the busi-
of exporting hay to the North and
ness West, and fulfilling the prophecy I
uttered twelve or thirteen years 'ago.
And this exportation is. to be from a
Country where only nine years ago I
was laughed at for sowing grass seed out
of the car windows. That is the country
where, in 18'9., had the venerable Dr.
A. E. Stevenson, of Greencastle. Ind:,'
president American Short Horn Grow-
ers' Association) go with me and lecture
on grass. And at Aberdeen we held one
of our best meetings. They have been
raising fine stock there" registered
.Jrseys, Short-Horns, .- Holstein-s- for
some years. And one or two have been
raising timothy, red clover, etc.. for
several years. And the timothy has
been baled and sold. And at Aberdeen
(live cultivated place that it is) there
was organized, a yearago, the Mississippi
Grass and Hay Association. And now
they are getting ready to send the West
hayl They have been sending us.hay
all these years, why should we not seqd
them some? Only those Western farm-
ers never saw such hay as our Japan
clover and Bermuda. And if the horses
and castle get it long they may become
so parpeied as to refuse their timothy
.aks n- M-[J .iOe -1an hi-uejo-Int

e ei and clover and blue joint
oats, the seed being bought in Jackson- But seriously, this is serious business
ville, and said to be Florida grown. In It is the beginning of a revolution, in
April a good part of the patch would another line of the many now in the
measure live feet high. It was then cut South and soon to be. We shall soon be
for bay, the straw being still green and sending the North and West early hay,
the grain just beginning to form. If my as well as we now send early fruits, veg-
pond contained fifty acres instead of one, tables, etc. It will begin byvthe steam-
you would hear a threshing machine ers from New Orleanstaking our freshly-
hereabouts next spring. It must be mowed Japan clover to New York. The
mentioned that theseoats had 200pounds livery stabbls there will soon learn its
of cotton seed meal to the half acre, cost- merits. Andsoit will spread.
ing .. The yield of hay was esti- When Japan clover tried to get into
mated at 1,200 pounds, therefore, accord- New Orleans last summer, it was not
ing to my "figgers" I am considerably admitted; could not pass inspection: they
ahead of the feed store. did not know what it was. Then some par-
Now a word in regard to the ponds, ties interested themselves and got it in.
prairies and bay heads of rFlorida. .Mr It sold at first for*6 per ton; soon wen t
William Saunders, the noted Washing- to.10, then went to $16, with the best
ton gardener and horticulturist, after timoh at$1650. Thenhesupplywase
making. a trf seriongaisyed oretwith at 1 sTen the supply was
making a tour of observation ayear-or gone. And this was only one season's
two ago, iemniarked that in his' opinion experience. Now if New Orleans does
the best lands in Florida were still under not take it all for awile it will soon
water. In his printed report he says: get to New York, Philadelphia and
"In all sections of the State that Ihave Boston. Tbis will convert the old worn-
seen, good, rich sots of land will be out fields South into mines of treastire.
found in low, at places, generally Itespedeza can always be cut twice a
swampy and we and considered of it season. often three ties t will yield
tie value; but the soil is black and ro- at a cutting from one to three tons per
ductive, and I would remark that t ese a c to re
rejected lands will at some not distant We have invaded ou with early
day be considered the most valuable in fruits and ve getables melon and iron;
the State, when ditching and draining soon shallwit steel, witottoe fabrics,
are properly recognized factors of im- and' with butter and cheese. Here we
provement." To this distinguished come with hay. Soon we shall come
opinion I have already given some con- our earl gr ass tned, hig-.
firmatory facts, and I should like to0 geee ws-to a nr l gr d eal ltemne, thi
Sf wagons, carriages, agriCUlural imple-
priinmgc sondents. ments, etc. Anyhow, I am glad to have
S on, y ora lived to see another of my prophecies
on high dry lands and in orange groves, about to be fulflled; and ours will be
raise pea vies; on wet drained lands, a more terrible invasion than a amy
first letter to you, Mr. Editor, I signed
myself, "yours for forage." Having a -
good supply of pea vines, etc., in my Enterprising Fruit Growers.
barn, I now subscribe myself, I In the strawberry regions of' New Jer-
Xours with forage, sey a cigar box is nailed toatree close to
OLD TAMtPA. the roadside in front of every farm
house. It is placed there to receive the
Desmodium or Beggar Weed. latest quotations for fruit. Theis quota-
tlions are telegraphed from the leading
Editor FloridaFurmerandPruit-Gr6ower: cities three times a day, and are distrib-
I desire to call the attention of our uted by messengersmountedonbicycles.
farmers to the great benefit they can ob- The fruit grower determines by the
tain easily by giving a little attention to quotations whether he will ship his day's
what is commonly known in this section picking.
of the State as beggar weed, properly -
called Italian Clover. It is an annual, .-The fruit growers around Lake
and where land is cultivated it comes up Harris are shipping their fruits much
in May, after the first plowing of corn, earlier this season than usual. Market
and in the oat field soon after the oats gardeners are preparing and planting all
are cut. r'- 'available lands to vegetables, with'high
It grows from two to i6hr feet high. It hopes, encouraged bylast'yea~r-'ssuccess,
is superior to the oat crop, and is often Many are thinking of planting tobacco
more valuable than the crop of coin, another year, -


" .' *: ..- -. 2 ~ ',_ '- "; -. t "




r9^ ^ha~f danda f9 Podded and Eugenia are goodsorts nov, ar. sold therethose who do this are en- HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED Mr.W W. ,rhurs,,,fSt. Au-u-tine, "T
rnItt? u y and Champion of England and Large gaged in atin:Et praiseworthY and ,1esira.i- writes of tlie FARMER AN['FRuIT GHOWER T.. "
*3 While Morrow may come later. ble work, on.- or great vaht-, to their a E under date ,1, Juily .-: "Its cha .:,1er is
English Beans are quite as haidv a? customerss an. to thei countrY. A Few of Many Expressions 01greatl Iu aivaui -ntiugev'r be- A
*DECEMBER. Peas, and may be planted any time dur- Approval. fre pi uted in Flria f Itln and R I DAl
-- ing this month. The Long Pod and Cold Storag-e in New Orleans. Mr. F. E. Hath. ot New York Ciiy itN aO a ,ss M F near what e Naee lYn"
.... ...Broad Windsor are good varieties. ... wie ir -, 1,*',' needed that I feel I i duVy [,:,ize i aiM. L
Seasonable Work for the Earm, Asparagus beds must now be heavily The Times-Democrat states that w't,-. .re sr- under te,:..epember -213 -d t h; i -- I a i.
Garden and Grove. Imanured, and Celery earthed up in fine oranges have been kept in cold storage "X, o r',p.-.r can c tan.. .o.mparis-...n iu i- _
Byteancient an mW e s dry.weather. ware houses in New Orleans (principally ong e-taL'Ii-led ag, cultural journal n l|I,,i ( LI /
.t nteheona, or winter month, a term wa It Ih Strawberry beds require alight hoeing by retail dealers) for many years, where the N.rtli and it is l.^.'rdcc'wparisi n UIl~lrFl UJ s'.^,\ '|
after'ter conversi n t Critiniyw^ s oe front time to time to keep down they have kept. sound u-V th17s f ^^ ru^- ^ ^ *RAE.^ U^H :-. ..-
changed to Helig-monat, o -holy month, from small weeds and grasses that are apt to June. Several conditions, however, ,,- tig. oF \ lIr id a. LK -:A
the annyesary which rs on the-2moe grow in mild winter weather, are required to perfect success. The r. R. J. Wright, of Tangerine, writes '' s -
.erma...s... Dr cTHE GROVE. fruit mustr be gathered in dry cool as allows: "You r paper has more than it. 5' .
st.nee di tiegisbed by the epithet of Christ- T gtei, srig p i n weather nd before it is too ripe, --It held its own, and is getting better- everyA D N' i
monat.]. should be handled carefully and all week. There is a freshness about itthat -- nIE IN
A quaint old English writer, discours- shipping of oranges will now engross cious looking fruit rejected. Wrap makes every number an agreeable- sur- -----. T H.
ing of a colder clime than our fair and the entire attention of growers, to whom u ers (old newspaper Will answer W rise." m a r -
bunny Florida, says: "Dark December we offer only one. suggestion, viz: to in papers (old newspaper Will answer) prise. 'P n o
sunny rlorha, says: "Dark iecemer : of-nly rpadperetsp ecimen of and pack carefully in boxes, leaving Mi. Ezra A. Osborne, the owner of the Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
has now come, and brought with him .. l anropenings for ventilation. Dealers corn- immense coaonut grovel on the south-' iars are smiorr. nut R;:CG ONh RA' bats l l Ji
the shortest day and longest night; he fruit to market, and see that all the op-that the fruIt decays er coast, wrtes hs ho New I.- -h, i ,
turns the mist-like rain into ice with the erations of picking, packing, boxing very quickly after being removed for Jersey : "The FARJMER AND FRUIT- tdb "Ins-tc:', Pria-"', Bug-. p -lw1,
breath of his nostrils, and' with cold that etc., are performed in the most(sROWER ls~ahead of any other saaeer I x.eav_. (.1
GRWE isv sena own an Northern paers Ih ..i..k b. S.. .i
pierces to the very bones,--drives the and perfect manner. have seen in showing us Northerners the
shivering and houseless beggar to seek Finally, close up the affairs and opera- -Keeping Bulbs overWinter. great agricultural advantages of For- :* -
tin o hi er-vrkadacont KeepngBulbs- Over-Winter.. -grat agricultural advantages of F1 ^ L IC E ^^ V T.
shelter in the deserted shed. Hegivesa tions of this year-Nork and accounts- I "-
chilly, blue, steel-like color to the shriv- and be prepared on the 1st of January, The following question and response, Cr ,^. i^klrn. 'RoUeH ON .ATs" is a em.r.lrrere II <-. T ..-- -
elled hops and haws, and causes the 1888. to open a fresh set of books, and pears in the last number of the Gar- .Mr. C. Cochrane, a bookseller -and an.j dstr.:,v,-rof Hen Lice a'Me box c I5lnnu/lll l -11a
el1888 top open as fres setse of boks and appears inthe lasl number of the Gar- stationer of Palatha. writes, under date -Reas u' RAiii io a pai of whitewash. U~rfll .111IS1 '
half-starved fieldfares to huddle together take a "new departure," R. deners Monthly, date stF of P erfe 1suce dru RF, rrei CR. um a ait of whitewash. W U eU d'
ue.,,%s n.,.y.o= ..+. L..uo-.o+-.. ~of June 1::,,Your fl.'oRIIA FARMER. AND k +E t.+U .A,,r.e -, I?,+...p. While- +I| IllH uIUIIi
in the naked hedge for warmth, while -"Will yo u., please give some ofu- June 1 You R F.A R R t wa i n. t.ri,:e mthrn:.rc. htaerrmsie W-,
during theFuI GROWER is iprand C'~t-vie -.e[b EU.lecar]]ata
the owl, rolling himself up like a ball in NORTHERN .FRUITS tions as to the best way of preserving, is far ahead of anvti s of the kindi a rada --
his feathers, creeps as far as he can into duringhe.winter, the bulbs of Gladi'. the State, and every oe inerestedin POTATO BUGS DET T T
the old hollow tree, to getout of the way Grown Successfully in Florida hs, Bermuda lilies, Amaryllis (summer o iuc uior arlt Bus ncs be iDVOTED. T A r,, p
of the -cold." Happily fsip rom r+.,i bloomer,3) Dahlias, Hyacinthus. IBan- licli I i( '. *-uluererCII- e 611tiMKclt ,^- T T I pound
such rigorous,weather as this, we deni- by a Patent Method.. dicans, and especially Cannas, which I. .o, itrdo of the, iar m -
oftecl. ap xmtfombomr) alaHaitu Can- Rr, E Rose, pre,,a-denta tf'theF ar
:zens of the Peninsular State can safely Editor Florida Farmer and 17it-Grower: have never succeeded in keeping.; Give -Capt. u, E. Rose, president tm e Sot. t"s e<.-turpA SALzi. ic. tr t.-'iir 11& i .
uand pleasantly pursue our usual out-. The following item may be of interest directions as. to material. in which, to, C a Agicutra| d Iv ei.h r-. .. t o arr.ls.
door avocations during this bracing and keep them, temperature,.'oiature etc (o.- wri tes from K ss mmee. under sof lacer. or wMuchs depte. nds
tou redes Mr. "hre:Eeet of "'.. "' r -, "staeked,-l1me --Much depends. 4;
crispy winter month, which, even this place, has just procured a patent and by so doing, you will probably, data.o June 10, a- tollow: nThe upon t.orquh ixi'. so as '-.
o t bs FAR R conutinues t. d prove, and, as__ to .)..ph-tely tr te t n k,. --
toward its close,- when we may reason- for a process of treating fruit trees that oblige other s besides '"yur consta"itFAEtprecoteu tS.e improve, stand, ,to plints, bites irb.n. Sr,rn G a.-"e.I''
ably look for sharp weather, is "frosty, is simple; inexpensive and effective* reader."L. J. predic-ted, is. becoming a.the, standard, tag- it .:r pl.ntifr .-a ,mr 6h si-e di dair : 1 1.
but kindly." Mr. Everett has experimented largely Qladiolas are easily I' pleserve'i, the South ." 1' hm ,',C .' vd, tr,:.u t br WbU. in
apple cherryttree hr-i-ping th-ot z;``'O rch ard
THE FARM. with apple and cherryotrees with great drying, and leping any where in Mr.'G- lM.-Whetstbn,; of Mikkeville, it *.va-.rti'td Erat. h is rbr most itive-ll -
If Swe Potatoesareallsafeybanked success. By his ~opcessthe trees are qags, secure from frost. The whole Columbia county, writes under date of -:an" ,i ;"il ".U 00aai oena.... s : ,f when c i
cs. .',hs Pn e -v s -rr t r IvB alr"' t o r n enm d"
"If Sweetdoderarda y sued, pclass'-"of-Lilium longiflorum and ex- A.ugust-3;):-Tbe -tARMER AND-RUIT-. 'po t n :(r ttj- wtuid AND,.
or housed, fodder and hay secured, kptran h h g te h s o imium,to whi,.-h the variety known as GROWER is the best journal of its kind in tik. Ifpreerrr,jt.. e ,i l,-,si .:.-m.aBabk. I -
Cane ground and made into syrup-or and the leav", are retained-- in, fully' dg l EDrh ,,at.
suar;Re gon and Oadets s yrun f or winte ilcold weJater, when tey.dropan the Harris or Bermfuda lily belong-3, the South1. It is doing a good work spcrlurir.u.>al of'^o ^ 111 b11^ .1111 CVIG.110niTUT
andspring feed: a god supply of wood the trees goitowinterquarters as they ought to be potd in the tall, and kept in toward advancing farming industry in ,pphd ii'r a .r rrid;n D1 .r. s.-. I
hauled spring u. andleltered: ences and do in higher latitudes, a cool place as "e would a hyacinth. Fiorida." or a-r,,k hbr.-.nm, -ill be f,-.und vT-' ft:i rf. .
Hi appletWeebelieveitj iorn ,uldleh aud Mr. Irvig Keck. of the BowhlingGreen hd aud ,-Mr 'Irving Ke.'k'lr of. th B'e '
farm buildings repaired; muck and His apple trees, grown on high, sandy Wieu rrsn 'Nrt .'r 'sr '.
leaves hauledi'nto testable lot f~rcom- land are remarkably healthy and vigor- can be planted as other lilies are, in the Land. .. and- Improvement Companly. E S iJ. '..
leve^s huedtot fli stablemen looaty fo*'ETr opengrou. ht-~r fros coii Sum writes unde dat of May 2d; ,
post, etc., the fartmer may turn 'his at- ous. The bark, which is as thin as that openground bhlore frost comes. Sum- writes under date of May 2d : "We .
tention to the planting'of more orchard foundupon the same trees in the North. ner flowering.Amaxyllis are easily kept think TOE FARER T N-D FRI IT-GROWER -'
trees and vines to- produce fruits for has the appearance of havih been var- over winter'as dry bulbs, but it is best the best to be had for- farmers in Flor-, av ,r1 .l
th'itL theya^^ bee not Queens in a ver war V' Vss .-fo
family use and market. It is scarcely nished. Many apple goers from t a hey e o p in a very warm ida. We always get new ideas from it... a.
necessary to advise our readers to plant Northern States have seeu these trees place or they shrivel too much. Pot in A .
necessary to advise our re orange, lemon, shaddock, ers to., in all and exe great surprise that such fine February or March. Dahlias are cut back Mr. E. V. Amden. ot Ormond-oo-the orders wlil be hook-d now for ,di.-rverv dur-
an "s-esgetzrrieta uhfn Halifa~x, wi te as fo :,ws: .,'I-+amn t.ak-",. -il'Xa-rueo'vt.,""tae E IJ'R.,r:'.+ i -
thproper situatinge, leons, shaddoelecting from the deall trees ate proce in a climate where it to the ground as sc6n as a white frost ali ax, w te as follow : 'I 'amt -.r ED TOR
proper situations, selecting from the de- o. s po c nl a blackens the-leaves. and are'kept any ing ten papers on aricultural subjects, 'pu.n -
scriptived nureryen frii woldheafal re.,oao~ and if asked to surrender the FARMiER
-- ri ctaogsr sy where just as one Would keep potatoes. ThD is Or.G1,wril w wol Te:l0 rohe ,1 ie- -0..- ooJ ec
the finest, most prolific and hardy va- The prJce- cinrists in the application justas c nbe k iitdr, ke AND F'rrir-GaRe tPo I would 'ell them Ti ini-a it its tieautFig'oaeetd
rieties. There is a satisfaction in know- of cheuti:.-ais, and is so simple and inr-x- 'anitas can be kept dryn, but rot it in-ton ta m-leave lfe- n I anprooii'. ."t,,,,Wil n .rt tr, Flma orid, and
ing that you are .raising the very best pen-,ive that any one can use the same cool a place. It is best to have them ino that the ptace ani hu-t -l yeare ].l uu, UI-uu
fruit of its class, which anlply repays a toavantage. Mlir. Everett has al s lso petr- boxes of dr sand, stored away where that. May peai:e ani plenty and yeare Qusn 'ry marl a .:_k-.lwl d ,rinr'te ,'speeilyr a more ..urr-rs tid and
-^^n ^ ^^ ^ ~ ^ ^ ^ .^ -E -'- ^S-- l BS 'if ir.tc-t s-,ts):ia:r, ilir. migea
littleextra trouble nd expense at the fectel a plan for theperpetual irrigation t temperaure does not fallebw 4r of grace e ivett ru to continue the) utr
,, -,h m r- .n _. f -' at on, reed _.. ..
outset, and the labr of- salivating and rof fruit tree rots,. that works to. perfect. 5 degrees. g" trial Mde. c y r ,t ,rucrat
kisen cn the anr of cul-th--vatin-an Rev. T. W. Moore. 'of' Mrl coutany A-,uiting ti Dnt tut cra.Dcnor
caring for aNavelor a Jaffa, is no greater tion in all kind rf soil. and, i n dry or --u.ot o ie s I be"'v iou paper will do. aMoFor pre. t nietn tn addi r tar, ,:r,. of Flor are a yet icit lnper-
we at h n.is 'costi .T h pi in- ..'i '- tro t'i,' .-i o r" p,. rn awim t tLAs Alurno e
than is required by the meanest. chance w t eatnominal hte Tbe pro- o WO rms. aro i ter pae, w de a in- re or GRO. .d-
seedling. lt aso, an abundance f ess mer.tioned s appl-cable to various Of these pets, of the: farmer and gEood work in disseminating new ideas tine-"-- wi h "
eedling. Plant, alsoan abundn e of r et a rd to fruit raising, calmin stock H. C. hArT il I hi h
early Peaches, such as Peen-to, 'Honey, fruits and vines. Later on, if desired, I gardener the American Agriculturiset ai-ced. tc f a ri ncnte. ..e.. expei, illt shi.t with br, te exatstethod. s em -
Pal'las,- Climax,. Florida Crawford,' etc. will give a fuller description of these in- says: Sorme of t.hem'ascend'trees,.shrubs i t. 'i-', ph-,e an r ai] IfluC',,i affe':rmng, 6rch reshsit;
(Some of Florida- catalogues contain a ventions. "t. and other plantsA in their d destructive r. H. G. Daniels, of Amtrlaia Island: alo. tr. culgeii -tPperdinent. vscrtbe ine trtle
long list of new seedlings, many of Apples have been grown fr many work, while n,,t Of' ihem.tcok ne them. "Judging front what 'fI have se'of-"the ..T. ONE A T TPt DI kFwr, 'r, huts.,.anlrl, iteprogress
whichwldoubtless'provevalubie, but years past in this section. but' with in- operations to tire'A.h'rae, n work F-RER Ati FRT-G wEa, it iM'thk.-. A i *i'iA A *- k :at riuiriure u ngh.:-ri.g States. .
differech wsuceses ownn largely-to the their mL-chief by est, agricultural paper pub libed in Ehi -wl- wril-r-t o r t] o. .. h .....

little~~~. o. no va-e W e- co.-n .lth rorce, yloan.and ii.ece wlyhotre eto eac o theih ,,ume dti to ll nacou t of itcor- p,|in tnltthef||i nritil(humber and '-m! ^ ^ou-'
they have not yet received the endorse- differenatsuccess owingull to the thetiir m iebyute ih;fl;.ygoung and Lottt. t'icutr papni successtor nth -Bef ,er',on decide cvbrp to go in a6'
ment of -our assembled horticultural fact that the trees would It g tnr v-.I ot. I pred it i mmeno e suc-s for it.' FLrai- Ill t ,Lnd fo n aimrpl- copy Ori, i -i.'i n tinr
wisdom. A standing fruit committee. in the bhotseason, and then would bloom i Their work isdone at nierg]to 'd as day- Prof. S. N. Witner, of the- Agricul- THE ORANGE GR-OVE.
ompsbd of experts from the Fui- a econdL time in tue fall and winter. tight approach.-. they h- themsehe r c L ;al f.jilege odf Fhrida, wirite-'sfol -::
Growers' and Nutsrvmn's Asoatio, The bar-k i also toc' tbh.k and the fruit in tlh ground. -'abba-e when &r-t sct Iowws" I can say in all tincerty, it has ru will find better and cbeaplr barmisns in
is much needed. Without such a com- clined to insipidity. Itisclaimedthat out, an le i tu l.e and other plants of the exceeded my ntt" "anineexp ectatius. Ms. -. lr.lv t, r,'-r," .ar'm;. ,, ,- a.
dsfec t.lb e.otre curd o .t"vaey _LZe. B W 1li ItS r,. rdY, t-A'l, rl>,.r or l s-a-
miittee, every man who produces a seed- all these fctmay be e tirely curd garden, ptosquashes and other pants Alread it is without a peer in all the sd.' hepr,:. rio 'ThraT .:.e T in
ling fruit of any kind is at liberty to de- by t -t new tracess. If this be true, the of tIi farm. are attacked by them. South_."- an ".old tuer, t ithe,"r m,.-:ik'd r hide lIan Lng,
ling frunit of anykindisatlibertytod6byI -and; he Ir Fertr, I.." ao Tre. Tt m; .,

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o will MTrn-m'riin)mr "S^ sory:A ew days riago an dfruiyth Sro- uth. meDonso aend aer meillaofti otcluit n rpitons ah ae-.tlib I rCDT, -,miCl0 And tezbet iiellirtctaiie
scri. be aud praiseitad lib., and per- con- app' crop wil someday rival any fruiR. A. ard, postmater at Main- 1n't." lre.Mtl-o, ,1.ty ertoa ,c Books iht rL'i L.e a- r.iarn'e,n frirts--other
sequence we: shall soon be overwhelmed produced in the State. wfor Nortlern markets is now an impor- Mrhat-. writes:" "I am delighted with the Addi,-. 'rtE GROVE LIVERPCIOL. FLa. i,.. itn e u-i
withso-called- "new varieties"poss,.ssin Mr. Everett is a very practical, andtant ids ti yv in the Southern St.ates, ec ARER ANDt FRuir-GROWER, and rec- -r,: van mast euc-ss.i'ji in ta1 State Eath h-a-
little or no value. we commend ti witial a very succefl man. and is especially wi'trbin easy rea.h of the ship- o WmenR it to all on account of its corm- PDtllt' il Unl -ti -llt in ,iee S'L, .,rr,cban

litl or no va lue. Xv i h o m is s ng ie mer sc cessnt that iw s ma tt r gooiju ge pota e vs, some c hun rd fare s be in g o c o lr u O Ios uhc Io kny Tr. ia begb co plme t Eote eoh r,~e b. : -i"
matter speciallyto the consideration 'of sanuie of success in this matte pg porte some hundredsofacresbeing pet ada station to t the wants of thisag t- Ill t ti V UIpr ato6 ,at
thiiurserymn and fruit growers who Be it having a large tract cleared for occupied by watermelons alone. The itude. F Eac- to Lea
will' compose the meeting at Ocala next an apple :,rcheard this winter. grower tf melons, as well as cabagres, Eggs For Hatching Ftom Leading Va- .Il st am.
April.) The IJapan Persimmon is another C. C. BANLLL. etc., finds that his greatest obstacle4.to Mr. C te oodricht oa f Orang e Park, rieties f Dmesticatled Laud
desirable and valuable 'fruit. Procure a DEFUNIAK SPRINGS, Fla., success is in the attacks of cut worms. writes: ".I mut say that the FARMER anil Water Fowl. Xni there will e notes trcc pers,,rs Who'hav8"
few choice sorts fr':,m a reliable soturce- November 11, 1887. Various devices have been proposedto D IT-GROWER i ciedly te bes had experienenits ultivaion. This wil be
raise seedling stocks fromn one native varl :ff their attack-s, btt among these, u gblibation of the kind in teS t I i. huaSad eeio by n an oltria on. cthin

^ i~~~i^ S r f^0al- n^ ^ -compare-- ^ -- thei ^ aredUD OPUD T HE tM~eGI Bound& -- op~
ft-nit, and propagate all you need here- HOW-Fruit Growers are Robbed. none, appears to be so sEnsbe.ci 17 tak the al an ca copr thei Alli"lidimsirra H51 Fo ag n s
after. The Fig. alsoisa fruit tree of effective as that, devised y Docwtor A. meritsa t:,sn. For e '
pamoun imptan' fe from dre- f The Rual New Yorkr tells the f.,llo' Oemler, author of "Truck F'arming for Thomas Meehat. the ditingished r gn

ese, mre east d foprtAtedia mote- IESI otneraatte"- a~ lj trle ,Nta roWylol l pruetoteilprlustratedadresitel tov- a limitedhoandr~ Fniplllif
paramount importance-. freer frow a is- ing good story: A few daysago a darkly the South." Doctor Oetnler kills off thie horticulturist an /ipropriptor of the Ger.- AnAoterueReT wRtbenllusrratedtoalimtted
ease, more easniy propaganey and w ore ha iane' man stepped briskly into-a fruit cut worm before th, plant, appear. Mautown nur's es. in a letter dated B RT FRI nen
Seimpl managed t ,a an rut we have commission hou, e near Washingtou Upon his watermelon fieldshe sets poison March 5th, wrtts: "I.am very much ST. I OL A. e hnt.ori"'id
illiatn c bee icommed tany ouMteadingth market, in this city, and began tIo handle traps at about fiteen rfeet-,apart each pleased with the FaRs. e R M .r, FUI'-A .GEN FORGO. AW. hn1 BKE L
natserlymcansinti-no a andour eadin- oranges in away that at once convinced. These "'traps" are cabbage oi (:ROWER, and shall read it regularly, Lo
nu serymen can supply nearly almdesira- the merchant that he wasa good judge turnip leaves, which have been nmol- which you know is a high. compliment Rotted Bone SManureo

bl'aei-s. EerV bom-,in Forid^a which Rotted 1Bo um ne-'Manu.r' mree.*o r S 'hddn r~lIGt & Lil Mm .e~aue r hsebak
varieties. r Eey hoei Flriaof, the fruit. He aoked to be shown tened on the concave side and theni fa ei o And to the hono prod ictionof orage and fertti-

sh m~oul b s'roftinded will trees.r they "' Hea i art e dl tcrNe o rk oTe v r m l rpoto o (h u r ane ditoU'c l to .a to an esba ." D, ECaN1 for, EDun of Ii~ io rn Hhi- t POTASH.
h be s on some strictly choice oranges,, and ap- dusted with a Mixture 0c Paris green Hoi. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as ODECOMPOED PBL IH PoTASH. .. reeenome pblodeonore aeni ts
grow from cuttings, bear a good crop peered quite satifed with a lot which with twenty part zertw becomes hareessentalto sa
twoor three years with proper care, and te tif h at c he a of flour. These ar follows: look upon your paper as PriUee,O5 per ion treeon ord in Jackson- Qesularming .
h- o fruit s morepalatb or wholesome., the t lnercant praised as tle very best placed over the fields, poisoned side oneof the niost valuable additions to Nwor. Or t ducalmou pt a -po when deli dvered no
Indian river (Florida) oranges inNew down, at te distance above stated, be.' out agricultural interests. It is ablv -
"I .... I I household economy and to reports or the mar-'.
you raisee more ethan are needed at York. especially shipped to th- firm. fore the plants appear. edited, practical, directs attention to t
h o m ev. th e re a re a t le a s t h a lf a d o z e n T h e p r ic e ? t-'o n) ld u't p oss ib l y le t th e m g o m atte r of p ri m a r i m p o rt a n c ea rt o a~ o i n t
ways in which this deicios fruit can Preirie possily e -Swe matters of priar importance tin the dUoS D c 'OF THE ;A IE 'PEACHa t n
be put up for market,; the area of pro- utdere $5 per 101. How many wefrei Ropnt ou vair inut
heGAEborex gree d ea bor s, all g. 1. ROOt Gprafts. development of our various industries,
ducton i limited, and tohe Pattempt to beratee The hlaue boxes. steal e N1 1 yand carries v% ith it a spirit of energy and Fut ri,'hed at fl per hundred, $a per thousitand Truck-Gardening,
supply tedemand the pre .. I'll take the 30f boxes.' said the tanned N. Ohaer, of Dayton, 0., president of enterprise that must address itself to ev- dire huncLre5.l at onS thousand races Floriculture,
gthe demandpand iea d aar pernwe p d man. and he gave directions to ship the Ohio State Horticultural Society, el'y searcher after information." Address,
erved gs. candied fgs, sweet pickled them to Boston. says in thle Grange Bulletin that he has Mr. L. H. Armstiong, of St. Nicholas, P.C tNNIcH, Puty
figs, fig marmalade. etc., has never been When the stateient-$l,50 WS--was thousands ot apple trees, mostly planted Dural coty, writes under date of Poultry,
made. There isavery wide and fpriit- handed to ithe buyer. le pulled out his from fifteen to thirt-y years. which trees D
iable faeld here open for enter rise d card-case and handed his card to the were probably all rted on pieces of April 26th : THE FLORIDA F.RMER AND Veterinary
ckill, and we comme nd c he treews te ga of the ore p ece FRUT GROWER has far surpassed expec- R N. LLtS, C. tE r. E. TCCLarr ney reeet
serious consideration of out agricultural merchant. The name was lia of the prices. Atl mad.e gtowe grothopr have.. ..t.i ... &igto lmeny oc .,a ,'s) Pralctice, etc.
agueltndul aresg dman mwho bad shipped those very oranges borne plenty of nice fruit in fruitful station 'It sheds light n many obscu r
friends Whit ae tired o tile meagred n- o Flda O r W t t f s tages in the book of Flor'idas possbl- Wl U COnributed to by persons whohve made
turns from Cotton and Corn, and are rim oria. On ieteiving word that years. and have ISteeu a sou-ce ot profit to iens fnturt, forage. live stock and in the -pphit U1V'T1 f l iecialteeon to b eranhs.

tuncro m Coto anesprvdd tofn andurstcguonwco unt.M yfuidelsobteae theqi~ marks fee orhag.lveef stock~li andctin in the.*'.*-. .-
thainking tf dropping into Toracco as a they had arrived in ad ondii.n and him. Some treesof curse, o the re der vast store of hidden tt l nihoi peltes of those branches.
wmonty fdrop. in aoa s were not worth over 50o cents pet- tender vait ieties, have died. though a lo sAll Oportions of the State will receive a due
1mie, crop. l a he had started tor New York. The very small proportion to nhe numcier t resources." Plans for a otOfattrion, and theiranternta will be
F armin t oe t o n ail th ne w il tt e q g nw nargt, pnd a he ck r'tpla a n ted no d
Farmsoek.o~alkiud wileuri-4 merchant had sen i hckfrpatd Mr.Wv. C. Plyley, of OrangeHeights. HOTELSB, PUBLIC. & PRIVATE BUILD- represented by able correspondents."
creasedr. attention a t be weatset growu $12 as settlement in full: but ie at once There are many advocates o:,f collar writes, under (late of July 2: "You can eNUS, SANeITARY ENGINEERING, &c. Uuder no cr-umatactes.wil ilaltijournal be-
and e ihuma to start in feed, or unnec paid for the lot at the rate of $5 pet, 101I, grafting. This takes th:e whole root, in- iot imagine the solid'coforort I get, from .pana mtolo k c u| t rnv aasl.
and inhuman tosti ned,6 or ei under threat of immediate prosecution stead of a piece. the latter method g- the sensible advice given in the FaRMER P o78. Rooms and6 PaLmetoBlo il co c the "organ"ofanyamociationoilocai.
swins"a and driving rains. There for swindling in case of refusal. Diaw emal, adopted by horticulturits who AND FRUT-OROWERt in all matters per- JAOKSOON-VrLE, FLA. sent al sections and interests with absolute Lm-
'winds andadriving ain ThRorete listhe moral yourself. prefer propagating their own fruit trees, taking to the farm, fio. your able --
;neither profit or pleasure in half fed and t isef p moaglug them. corps of contributors and the logical SHELL POND NIUtRSERIES. partiality. -
unthrifty" ltve stock, and no man should views of chi editor. The paper isa God- '
undertake the keeping of stock who Worse than Robbers. end to the granger who is threading PEACHES, PEARS, FIS. PLUMS, KELSE' -
has not the proper means ant energy for The Prairie Farmer says truly: nre- Shipping Sweet Potatoes. the labyrinthan ways of Florida farming PLUMS AND OTHER FRUITS. :'e -a :
the work. liahle tree sellers, or peddlers, or agents, Sweet potatoes p-operly packed in air- and fruit growing." d ,tru. Circular cotas a Publisfied atcksnvionWedesday
ThE Ga.RIiEN. at-c a great deal worse than highway tight bart-els and shipped in refrigerator Ma-'. P. C. Miunich, oc Waldo. wrnites: htstc'ry of Peach Culture in Florida, and hints '- of each W'eik.
Prepare ground for Irish Potatoes, to rubbers. The lattermwaysteal $1t)or $50", cars or in the bo~ls of steamboats-where "The new paper is just what all engagedatouur.. ,.-
be planted early= id Januaiy C-)pen deep or $.1100) of cool cash from your- pocket, they maiy be prevented fi-om being in killing the soil should have. We like .3. P. DePA5S', '.... '.
an'd broad furrows, put'two or three you know just how much to reckon the chilled, always Ibring a good price in the the style in which it is managed. Facts Arher, Fla. ..
inches of manure in the bottom, run loss; but wbcn a man takes '$'2; or $5,) W~estern markets. Sometimes as much and not boom talk is what is needed for PR 1P'gfB(RP]IN
through th mnanure,' hack anid forth, for unreliable trees, it means'$lii) to '$2fl0 as $5 +per.,barjel "is,[recei[ved for' eating the advancemnteu of Florida." 0:EANG(EI TR"EES. ..+OerIEa UUSCR., .,.: ..... 0
with a nar'row bull tongue plow to mix. extra,, to he expended in planting and poitatoes, and $',foi- seed. Thiis fact is ' '3 -, t fm ... __-_ iJnstl ....'' 1.00
earth and manure, aih-d.drop sets of not caring fbr the trees, the use of the wot knwn.....At.one-half...he.above..r..J. Dan....o.Penscola"e '' 'o
worth knowmg. At one-ha~t the a eose s himself as. f....,o tws:1 ... Thel. F.ARME Alot Of Budded Orange Trees of finest'varle- Three'onrhs -'a
less than twogood efesin thisprepared ground, and also a waiting of liveto prices..they pay,.the grower'agood'proit. FRuIr-GROWER is the best thing in tics,-'2 eanbds, aetr stocksee odr).Ioh, ltavan SPo0taL s O az. ."
futrrow. about a footapart. Cotton seed eight years'for them to grow and fruit --tines-Democr-at. its ....way I have seen. It is just the paper thr'uty. Mist be sold to make ... ..room' tices :
meal and ashes, dry muck and ashes-- before finding out that you are swindled. nedd an ifyuketupt h rs given 'upoh appilleatn. Party 'shoald state-
any vegei~abl. .matter, combined withi By t~hat; time the thief is at a safe dis- .. .. numberwanted. S-amples sent upon receipt 'of ,.
plenty of-''tsh,'whi mhke your potatci lance, probably in another State, prac. ak o ri Pakges.. n stndr of. e.eec us becom $..A,tulin chinursery stoek. -'ndo ..Adu.... r,*p,-siotr-,,ltrbnsinM!6om-
.. .. ... mrkpopular with the people. I can't, see e~atalogue. Address" CaAa. a. b.rf-BtI DE =,..... -----
"that you..also+ give good and proper cul- What is to be done in regard to selling upon -packages to prevent, others from where ..ou hav lef an .oo fo im .Th. oni Ttt mnl llti-,l e sto'
.Plant.-Peas the .lat~ter ,part of- this ficult problem. The large, repatabie, -dents. This cannot bepr'evented;th{'ere- ...r. J- R-Campbell,-of. Paisley', wriue Ate of~xysn~ tarz J_,~ ...e
month, adnd" they wili~probably escape honest nurserymen, who s'end-out thor- fore it is preferable to be designated by- to us as follows:' uOut-of five papers I ., Arebe igo T.kys.cai.n grasrer S-,e P- 3LIS. E --
the cold weather we ar~e~apt to have oughly reliable agents to .stur"up -the a number over which may..be stenciled take, yo_.urs is the ortly one I read evrIwe hantrdwiwegany o4 ow n bedGobes.d -C)~n6toso ed[e. e|.
"( fr~ee'g~rowlng sorts.in '.dduJble r9.WS,.tp plants,, etc.,.and Who see to it thartheir: package. -The purchasee" soon .iearnp- ..Mr.. Pet-c'c BeeivMnotAetelrgs re tdcsGo aesad'-drnte hldy.Pattelrgpolad.hd reonmnal aBreaaetee of theoonmntsofhhe L Arf."e t hlastreedIduN. GeodlKgSadS ,' shonld ber~sd ~t-, ,# '_ .
,save time'in sticking, and manure .your ag~qts S'~ppljronly ft. st-,cla~s stock,-tr~ue t'hat that particular' number is'reliable ~Ill, wdtes, 'tnder date of Apri9th. "l" ]very._ producie~t9 oftfeatb~ers, col_or, a oe~r,.amyj A.' .-'.IO._U..~- .l.' =. ..-
..ground We!J:; (Dpuoble: ro(ws six-r .eightl ,o,.tam~m;-aud aleo.see~that, only -those and the contents .brig an. irnreased thtnalyouut, paper [he. best agricuhtural wht sen ~ Addres's.t.. "Decitv ST Prie,-- -- -:+-: R;tI f,;i ll, +'-
''inches ".'alrt) :Dan O)'-l rke, ';long i-n's 0r-v cs.ari p~f-,iiied O. an-re o- prc.-x -_'. -: [paper p~lhe in the Soudth. .i. t Address, L ":PortALa, iS, "I_ ,.' .- :-.,._?? ~ m ,.

--' "-'"s, ;--c '"" ,'" : "- i -f "' T1-. '- -1-15 -i ",'': - -




The First Requisite to Succes
in Farming.
BY S. L. REED. "
There are hundreds of floating laut
dries moored in the Seine River, and th
is called an economic and hygienic sy&
tem. This may be true in the great cit
of Paris,but if we had all the soapy water
.that is wasted there we would not as
for a better fertilizer. Dry muck is on
of the best absorbents that is at hanc
and a large pile of it should be ker
where the wash water and slops can b
poured over it. One seldom thinks how
much is wasted around the house. Mak
your pile, put on a layer of muck and
layer of unslacked lime, and so, oi until
you have it about two feet high. Pouen
on all house slops, and don't waste any
In three weeks put on two feet more o
lime and muck, and when it gets-a
large as, can be easily handled, work I
fine as possible, spread it on the lanm
and harrow it in. When one pile is re
moved another, should be commenced
These should be covered to prevent wash
ing in heavy rains. If muck cannot bi
got, the sod from the woods will answer
Cattle and horses should be bedded ii
order that none of the liquid manure may
be lost that can .possibly be saved. I
In Europe the poor people wlio have
small patch of.iround always hav y
compost heap. Often it is near the door
(which, is bad policy), and everything is
thrown there, even to the old shoes.
They would be, astonished at the waste
that is practiced here, and we would be
astonished ourselves if we knew the ex-
tent of it. No question affects us more
than this, and it needs constantly to be
brought to mind. Many of us wait till
the manure is wanted, and then we must
buy or go without. Such a farmer will
never prosper. No business requires
more forethought than farming, yet
many scarcely look a day ahead, and
then they say '"farming don't pay." It
is the management of a- business that
makes it pay, whether it be behind the
counter or on a farm.
We once tried to get a native Floridian
to commence a compost heap. and he did
so. He threw a few bones, some dried
cornstalks, a few old rags, turtle shells
and 'possum skins together. Passing
that way again after a time, we saw the
heap did not grow and asked the reason.
Said he, "Ir is too much trouble." To
have argued the point would have been
entirely useless. It was not -"too much
trouble" to work five acres of land for
fifty bushels of corn, when with a little
trouble in another direction, he could
have got double or treble the amount.
If our State ever gets the victory over
her drawbacks, it will be by high culti-
vation, and this.means an unstiutEd use
of fertilizers. Floi'ida should not send
her money out of the State for these, for
that tends to poverty. It is strange in-
deed that she should do so, with an un-
limited supply of material within her
own borders. These are already being
utilized, in a measure, by manufacturers
in several counties in the State, who are
supplying thehumusso much needed on
our high sandy lands. We want to trge
our people to turn away from commer-
cial fertilizers. They are like whisky.
a false stimulant, but have no bac-kbone.
This we believe to be the reason that
many of our orange groves look well for
a while, and then seem t) come tU a
stand-still witho:ur any perceptible cause.
With home tertilizers this will not occur.
Vegetable mould is one of Nature's own
ways of renovating the soil. This cornm-
posted with muck or humus, that has
previously been dried or pulverized, is
just what our pine lands need. One
good application a year is all that is
needed, the effect lasting all through the
season. Leaching has but little if any
effect on this fertilizer. We know of
groves that are in splendid condition to-
day that never had a pound of commer-
cial fertilizer on them, and many that
have always used it are far from being
first-class groves to day. It is not ex
pected that we are- to kuow just what
particular element. a tree stands in need
of, but the tree knows and will reach
out for what is needed, and will ind it
if the natural plant food is supplied.
Tile Drains.
Some interesting points in regard to
drainage are presented in the following
article from the Farmer:
When the tile is laid to a sufficient
depth to secure a temperature as low or
lower than dew. point" then in a drouth.
the air passes freely through the tile.
and into the cool soil, and deposits its
load of moisture, then rises and passes
above, giving place to more air which in
its turn deposits its moisture, and this
very beneficient work goes on all the time
If you take the trouble to dig do'vn to
the tile, you will find it heavy with
moisture. ahndthe'sdil-in its vicinity cool
and moist. It "yod examine closely you.
w -ill find ihe' r ote of yourr **clover,
timothy. wheaft, 6o'f' and' *-l[ '6ther
cr-ops reach iing'dbn' to this moist cool'
earth. and"aiib'ove ground' you t'wilt find-
everything greednabd fourishing. "'
On the Other 'bhfid, suppose your tile '
J)ie. nflld'eep einugh' #Io Ilicdre-a-srnm-
. perature at eorlfbig' the dew point.
this caspe, th air circulates as freely
,as'oe'reic, t,_a is 'is.not cooled to a
pint e .t.dew pint, it cannot
depos 'is -mi r, ein Ihe b'ealted soi \.

Put on. tne. contrary, in passing ,upward.
.being e'y tivrty, it rir.ks up :what
little moistftre jt finds in the soi.' Ift
this reason 1.8COlTreet, and all ex' .
perien .ayf. i dh&en- ,4'beepdrainage
:ig-&aberip._i'i&A% a ,d. out, and it fol- J
lowxlogi,36^Wsh8hllo.w,idrainageiis a'1
-. 'damage.in ave.r eap. Boet h-kinds
i..of:d.rainage'are .-ia fit in.,,,e'tseasqis,, ,
, *: and. -iwil, then causeiaigQlden.-.,crop..;. In-J
.reilhb~-Jbynadture dr arNt the-hbusbaind ran, .
.. 'is,aneyeis-ur'iofa-'foop. It is only whenb ,
..i tis ,i'ei'tieritoo wet bor dry that 'he can I
expecrto get an profitable return for his a
-4_~ ~ ~ rfial ..."_. -: -



- '

I. '

I i


. 1
r- t





Lake City next year. That the trouble
to raise the crop is no more than to raise
a crop of cabbage, until the topping and
pulling commences, and then any intel-
ligent person can learn the business in a
shirt Lime.
The sheds u-ed in this State require
but little expense to put up. One acre
of t.,bacco will pay for the shed used in
curing the c-rop of several acres the first
year. and tlieu thesied will last for sev-
eral years.
We sampled some ,:igars made of to-
bacco raised near 'Lake City, which was
equal to any cigar we have smoked in
the State.
Col. Moodie thought it strange that the
farmers around Gainesville did not go
into the business, as the lands here are
the best in the State. excepting ssorm of
the soil may have a little too much lime
in it. Tobacco is now selling in Lake
City at from 25 to 40 cents per pound,
and crops will run at from 400 to- l,.t00
pounds per acre.
We hope the farmers around the city
and in our rich lands around the county
will pay some attention to this crop next
year. and demonstrate the fact that,
there is a much larger profit in the culti-
vation of tobacco than by raising cotton,
or even vegetables, whin they are
swindled out ofsuch amounts of money
'b- the railroads and commission men.-
Gainesville Record.

Herb Tea for Bud Worms.
The Florida Tobacco Plant contains
this interesting item: Mr. D. L. Geer
says no-tobacco grower in Florida need
hereafter have any trouble with the
dreaded "bud worm." He has found a
strong decoction of the bark or root of
the common China tree, sassafras and
stramonium, or "jimson weed." slightly
sweetened and sprinkled in the bud by
means-of-a small perforated sprinkler,
sure death and extermination without
'injury to the-plant. -Let all who have.
:trouble.with the little pest-try it, and re-
port results.
.l4;1,,A "e flac l -
,.,By patronizing hom6 .industry and
using home. products, we "foster home-
interests and increase home comforts.
,s. l1ongas we send' our moneyout of the'
State for corn, hbay, oats', britc lime,
fertilizer, etc.', etc., so long 'will we're-
main poor,,helplessly poor. We must
develop' ur ownu resources, use our own
means, patronize our own manufactures'
and indu'sffies, cbeir ur own r'-advances'
a tndcograge, and protec by, constant
patronage, e.ery species o't"homeia pro-
ducton.--,EusisSemti-Tropical. -
7' o. ,' i -, t. .. ..... -,. .
, Fordiorrhosa minchicksgive some boiled,
mnilkAvin.thich,.is.,itirrd -while; cooking
some chalk and a little boneadutist

-- -

About Commercial Fertilizers.
The Southern Cultivator observes,
Farmers often make a mistake in hand-
ling commercial fertilizers for the first
time. The argument advanced is that if
a little will help a crop somewhat, a
great deal will help it greatly, and that
the closer the fertilizer is put to the seed,
the better the crop. Acting on thii
theory, the full amount of powerful
dressing of fertilizer is placed in the hill
or drill. A little soil is scraped over
the fertilizer and the seed placed on
We have been able to watch the result
of this system on three different fields of
potatoes this year. In one case 1 )00ii
pounds to the acre of potato manure
were used in the drill. Tie soil is very
poor. No other manure was used. The
plants.came slowly and feebly. After
once starting, however, these thardid
come have made a rapid growth and are
green and healthy On digging down
into the vacant place it is found that
the seed pieces were apparently eaten
up by the fertilizer. .Where.ver t the
work of covering the fertilizer was
imperfectly done, the seed-.ieces have
either failed to sprout or have sent. up
very feeble plants With two-thirds of
the fertilizer spread broadcast, and bhar
rowed in; and the other third put id the
drill, the plants came earlier and are
now stronger than the others.
Many market gardeners in Northern
New Jersey work on rented land. 'They
use, mostly N. Y. stable manure, and
commercial fertilizers. They have little
thought for the condition of the land
after their cropping. The aim is to. get
asmuch of the manure as possible into
the current season's crop. Heretofore
this manure has been put as close to the
plant as possible,. but thliis yeai the
system of broadcasting the greater part
of the manure has gained many 'ad-
herents. -


labor. Shallow drainage gives him a crop IMPROVED SUGAR MAKING.
in wet seasons.{
The question now arises, what is deep -
and what is shallow drainage? Deep 'Recent Experiments with the
drainage is four feet or more below the Diffusion Process.
surface. This will almost always insure
a temperature below the dew point, and The experiments with sorghum and
the deposition of the water carried by sugar cane which, are being conducted
the air, while at the depth of three feet by the United States Government, are of
or less in such weather as we have had immediate interest to the people of Flor-
in the summer of 1887, the soil will be ida. It is gratifying to know that these
warmed above the dew point and dam- long continued and expensive experi-
age to the crops is the certain result. nients have at last ed to results which
0 promise to render this line of industry
F a more profitable than heretofore. In the
Florida Sand. .*Picayune we find some recent experi-
BY JAMES MOTT. ments described as follows:
I am a believer in Florida sand. I take The slight damage to the engine being
to it kindly, for somehow I can get a tree fixed, again on last Monday the mills
to grow in It faster than in any soil I werestartedupandranthrough the week
ever planted in. And yet I know there without accident. This gave a good op-
is little in it thatcan be called plant portunity to test the shredder and see
food. Yet silex itself is an important how the improvements put on it worked.
element. It imparts the stiffness to the The results were h:gly satisfactory.
straw which enables it to 'hold up the They were stated by Mr. Samuel Fiske as
head of wheat, and gives strength and follows:
elasticity to the tall pine whereby to aThe im roved national cane shredder
withstand the force of the wind. Sand at.Magnolia in operation this year con-
in so fine a state as to become soluble, tains the latest improvements made by
enters into the life of plants. the builders, and the machine is much
Our mild and humid atmosphere, superior to the one used there these past
charged with nitrogen and ammonia, ir- three years.
parts plant food to the soil every day The new machine dispenses with the
of the year. and seems to fairly pull rubber carrier formerly used for feeding
plant; out of the ground. o f:r the: shredded cane into the mill rolls.
Some writer has said: "Soil is an accu- This has been effected by raising one. of
emulation of broken rocks and decayed the rolls of the shredder, which per-
regetable matter, the waste 6f nature's mitted the lowering of the cane chute
work shop. And so it is from an or- and prevents any loss of juice, saving
ganic standpoint. It does but little else besides the labor of one or two men at
than hold trees and plants upright in the mill. The cost of erection and
their place, while air and moisture feed changes in the cane, carrier are also con-
;hem." Liebig remarks: "We must aiderably reduced by these improve-
create in our soil an artificial atmos- ments, and some alterations in the mill
here of carbonic acid gas and am- gearing enable Governor Warmoib to
mohia." : grind 275 tons of shredded cane per day,
If I place in the soil the elements that with a maximum extraction of 79 per
)lants receive through that channel-not cent. the day we were there. The
sparingly, but all that is required-my shredder as at present arranged is
rees make a remarkably rapid growl, extremely simple in construction and
and when the time arrives for fruiting, does its work in the best possible man-
f I give them the needed elements for ner ,
fruit. growth. I am rewarded a hundred Asdth t he diffusion plant, a short run
old for the expenditure. HEow many with the cutter made In the early part
>f those that make fruit growing a call- of the week, although theknives worked
ng, understand thbs first and most im. well and furnished very smooth and
ortant lesson? The starved condition of pretty slices,' developed the fact that the
iwes that is seen on every hand is an- disk showed some defects, and that the
wer to that questidi'. trouble of choking the knives by eoose
ORLANDiO, Flai. fibre had not been remedied entirely,
Though the disk had been sent to town
bin a tl bl 'Countyf to be altered. Another trouble arises
obaCCo in Columbia Countyi, rum the crookedness of the cane, against I
While on a few days' visit in Columbia which Prof. Wiler had suggeLsted some
county during the past week, we took changes in the feed-hoppers, which he
)ains to make some inquiry relating to thought would cure the difficulty of
he tobacco growing interest now so feeding. .
much talked of in that county. The rest of the apparatus being found
Around Mikesviile and Fort White the in goo'.l condition for work it. 'wa ex-
rop has received some attention and pected that the experiments might be
will receive much more next year. Great commenced early this week, -and if
ifficulty was experienced last year in everything worked well the public would
getting 'eeds to germinate, btut it is be notified and invited.
ought that widl be remedied the com- Of foreign visitors there .were Mr.
]g year. Brooks. from Cubai, and Mr. Stillman.
'In a long conversation with F. B. the refiner from Boston, who predicts
Ioodie. of Like City, we learned some great things of the Yalyan apparatus,
valuable information. He tells us that and appeared quite impatient to demon-
eed raised from those which are im- state its excellence.
orted from the first. second, and prob- It is stated that sorghum for seed in
bly to the third year, are much better Texas and Kansas is selling at $1 per
ian the imported seed themselves. bushel, so great is the demand from new
ohe-y germinate, much better, and also enterprises to be started and farmers in
nake a much larger and better flavored those States whlo wish to test the value
Eat. LMr. Mouode says there will be a ot the plant for manufacturing purposes
lsand ac.(re.s ra-isedl in tI.e vicinitv of and other uses.

Keserv and other valuable Plume. i',,W)
LeConte. KeLffer add other Pears nd.'A pples on0
L :Co,-idte stock. All the rrliaL, le la t-i're-nral
aud ,.,tlth.n Fru-tS.- .ru:p.,h.r Tro.s, O],ve6,
PrunEs. Nut Tree0 fall kinds. Jersey attle
Jereer Red Hog&. Seed- tof Forage PlatIs.
Hign-'s Quailtv, L'.owest Pri:.e-. Valualle ,n-
.ormalion In lluetrated catalogdie ir.e.
S Cherokee Farm and Nuirseries.
Wayrro a, Ga
Geouifle Washington ana DODub1e ipnal Navels.
Order Now if you wish to be in time.
We offer for Fall an,] Winter Deliverv a tch-,n.:e
Ais6o. ie VILLA FRANCA, best and h-jr-.e-i of
Lemos. Alo. Early Span;sh, Jalffa, Maiorea,
Malta Osal, and Doc-il ali varieties of OranDe,
Lemon and LLin W-1,- al:. offer for the
frst tiri- to' F ,lonfi- or.ii,'- grower tne

Most Prlildk Navel kcIvnow, n.ad he

Winter Park, Orange Coimly, Fla

Grape Vines
Suited to the Soil and Climate of

Grown and for Sfle a &


E. DUBOIS, Manager.


I do uot seodl toG.or-r a 'ior rnmystocitk a ni there
sell them a. Flirlcia TreI .
. Prei very lw. rend lor 'irculars.
MacC.eL-any, Fin.

Muck, Ten Cents Per Cord.

If yon iish 10 get unt-murck cheapLy- get a
,For paricte ars. aidrei..1. '
-'Meek ui, Fla.

-----AND -
We are now prepared to furish ..
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
Small seeds used in this climate.

Catalogue sent free on application.


Kelsey Japan Plums, Olive Trees, Orages,Fis, Lemous, Pecans,
By the dozen, hundred or thojiand, ilso a. ful supply iof other Narier;- sto,:k adaptld to
Florida and the Gull States. Am noww booriinq Oiders for Fall delivery season
of lI 7--._. Write for Prlees. tatial..ue fIree on appie,.tlion.
GL- ST. MARY NURSERIES, L. r, Prop, Gle S. Mary, Fla


: j, AXre L4 ra tin. to MUnl FREE, .- api. li,

r6 any address. Communicate with E.H. TISO.N, Ma ger. Lake-lai., P.-lk Co.. Fl'

L 4OT. 0 f"00 LAX' V1 E ua insley. Clay Co., onDy 110. A
feet in U choice 5-acre t'rae for an ORANGE
GROiVE co~ls bun 100.
HJgh rolling P-ne Lanoi, Salubriou Cl imate, a .: nv--. i .-
meilt. ,en. -,rent s6tam .:.r Mis., et.:., or remit P. 0. Order or
Bank Draft t:( JOHN T.TALBOT'T, au.l get Warrant7 Dc,l, IT.Oe I
c 'r.'net, froa the
P. O. Box 1.5S,Jacksonville, Florida. 39 \W. Bay St.

C IL-Y--:D 'S

New York, Charleston and Florida


The e a.le ,At -i r I t- n,-l :.' th- e ir-. r-?: a pi.,:,-rid t, j nil
I a,-i. s- ar. ,I- tlit-l r.,:o u3 tr- Pie.r : i, E R, New Y--..-rk re I rIUE.D Y ai,,i FRIDAY
at p, m. Iu a t -p, for l-raahi,jLa ald Fr.1F v's .il,0a- i..r .ik.nik:, rnvj,.
The Fi-r-ehr an.,I P',-0 i l .r.',,: :.: .io_ .:.Di'n- I. t i-- Li ,ne uba ur1,.-si ,L. E ri-c, -r ttnrti.:n
it- li l, i-1-.it.; r..ii'i.-1 r.. rui- Lu-,. ,.-. t i,: i.. n.--, fr.-I- Ner ,rk i LYDE'S
FLORIA LINE. Pier 1, E.4t R,ver. F.--i,,rtb:-lr O lr :alt. lil7 to
J. A. HEAD. A-'t, F. M. RONMNGER, ..., G. F. & P. A. .1 A. LESLIE. A't,
S FErna].-L-n. FIi. J. -. r,_l.:. i .-. F!:i. .WaV- E aa ick .. r LF i.
THE-,l. G EuER,.Trri,. tr, riig.r. WMi. P. CLYDE a& 'CO. iGe. Ags,
.3' Broaur-ivfy, N. Y. 1\-: ... WhalTe, PhLii., Pi, 15 B0r.i w,,-,.7 Nvw York


I ~ *~ to..1.1.



An:.-, : "_ :
71t!z .l.o...t_, : .

.1000 Loquats 18 t5o inches in height, stocky,
r a year m seed, once trausp anted, well Tells how togrow and prepare the Fig, and decri.,e ..,ur new iag-
S E. E r,,t ,i F,;.leral Pont Als,,,Et of -IE I. .6 .
three years trou layers, strong and well rooted. Onlyenneg of Commerce," anthem ne te .s, Tril ad Ne F
Address, 0. .THACHER. and t f o e finest ck of NTs i the country. Addre; t. i5lr.
Fairview Nirm n "F I L. s t ili1 H. HT ILF LrT.RAL COMPANYT,
'airv-iew ''i'.-.r,. n F. i .Ifutrler, Daie Couinty. Fla.

RIVERSIDE NURSERY, KNurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
J. A. DANIEL, PROPRIETOR. -We make m ae aspecialty of the distinctive varic- k, .:.i ..'c ,. Nj r4,., "r,., ,ib,.h ',< Double
PlJImperial, Riverside (buds personally selected by- c ,. r .-I07- .. .l Ul 1 "it] 'lri-i a-ui
each Pears, prcots, Japan Kelse Plum Wahingon Nvels, MalteseBloodart's Ta. .
For catalog applytoetc. In Lemons we have Villa Franca, Belair Pr.ia,'., "'1. :' Ei-,, I... l 1 A i, T-,
J. A. DANIELS, Limes, Peaches-(Bidwell's Early, etc.), Plums', Wit6 Arl~,ac igs, ec., ece.
McClenny, Baker Co., Fla. Our Stock is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Catalogue Iree on appliena lion.
Address, A.L. DUNCAN, Mi.N-,-r.[ D[nI,.h r a

0000 o e O lemon an other varieties of RC 11 ANDER SON & CO
the citrus family and other fruits suited to this '
climate. Stock in the best of condition for large .__ "
orders. Correspondence solicited. No charge .AO_ for packing and shipping. Catalogue free. -- .
Palatka, Fla .:--

A tenant who understands the rearing and
shipment of garden truck and fruit, to cultivate
a large farm and orange groves on shares. Best
of' hammock land -aD iin If-ULLii prod1-L- ':'i
about 100,00 orange- A iar, with ti w. i.r tlan.o
boys large enough an-I -t i afraidI t,: iv-rL can
hlIar. i- a rIreo '.bnn e by application -to the un-
,]fr :l,,,l i',' UMi ,K', : Fla.
Rutercnc:.r,.-utre.l. J. H. VISERB.

For free catalogue address .
Ct.E R LES KELLER, Monticello, Fla.



The Florida Fariimer ad Fruit Growor ventworms, on page 18,etc.. There is to 16 feet in width." We ihink this is we admit that the matter would have to 1., i, i., ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1888.
much need of careful experiments and the tallest cassava story on record. If be viewed from a different standpoint. V_ ,__'_r'e.___ 8:.-:.K
publication of the results. We shall be Mr. Crantz can obtain roots of proper- IL may be we overestimate the merits '0 Inducements to Efr'lySubseri-
A. H'. CURTlSS. Edior. glad to publish the results of all experi- tionatet size, and will send them to the o'f this wine, on the principle that "bless- I tUNION TRERE is sREOTra. bers to Volume IIb
ments on which definite conclusions can Sub-Tropical Exposition. Auburndale ings brighten as they take their fl-ght." THE NATIONAL ALLIANCE. The many thousand readers of the,
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts. be based, will need no better advertisement. At but we would like nothing beit er than FARMERN .N, FRN IT-GROWFR will be
Land plaster or gypsum is excellent the New Orleans Exposition we noticed to have it. tested, t,-gether with Mr. A Statement of its Principles gratified to: know that in two months
fromMnow-with the commencement of
TEIFLR IDA FARER ANI FRUITs for use with cotton seed meal or other that nothing attracted more attention Mitchell's, by an expert like Professor and Purposes. thesecond volume-the form of publica-
ted rit-tily nevrsl aper, devoted to tne Farm, substances rich in nitrogen, as it fixes than the cassava roots, but they had Dubois or Mr. Beck. We suppose they The following resolutions adopted by tion will be changed to that wic.l hhas
and t.. thi promuoloton o tc agrilcuitural and the latter element and prevents it from been careles-sv dug. The. huge roots would not think of recognizing a wine the National Farmers' Alliance at its last been generally adopted hy the agricul-
an t hepoanything giclurlad aunzlgew ne iie al etionglFhe'll inainceaptits lastbeenItgnratlptess of thedoniy. thewgi-l h-
industrial nter.stsoflorla. It Is lapublished volatilizing. It also abasc.rbs it from the should be taken out carefully, without anything not made from grapes t anual meeting, held in Minneapolis last urai pres of the cOUr. It will e-
every Wvdn,:-sda. "October. embody the leading principles come a large quarto of sixteen. or iore
Terms of Subcription. atmosphere to aome extent, and it acts cutting. Arrowroot and ginger-root they would be competent to judge of of that organization and reforms for pages. with a cover devoted to adver-
For one year. .......................... 2 ,o:I on the potash iu the soil in such manner also furnish very interesting exhibit,. comparative degrees of irnferioritv of which it is laboring: tissments. which can beremoved in bmind-
P'orsx noionth. ........................ I WH(E)REAS.The farmers of tie United iig. A fine quality of paper will be
Clubsof'v% eto oner address ........... 7, as to fit it for plant food. Its action as a Mr. Crantz states that he can supply other liquids. WHaEREAms, The farmers of a oe United ig. A fine quality of paper will be
Widl. INE-TNNoneyear 11 fertilizer is indirect, yet very marked cutng for seed. Thi, then is the It appea, ha the anuatur o States are most in number of any order used. the edges will be cut. and the title-
WIth dally rIMES7tTNtuN. six months" 16 marked cutting, for seed. This, then, in the It appears thaL the manufacturer ot f citizens. aid with other productive page heading di will be of new desi in. An
With WEEKLY TIES. one year ... 2 7 varying in degree with soil, season and third opportunity of obtaining seed cas- orange juice is about to he undertaken classes hae freely given of their blood dex i e issued with the las uum-
va,"S isctd p ,:rlos in all:.ntu:ashin ad- crops. It should be applied broadcast- sava, offers having already been made on a large scale, judging from the fol. to found and maintain the nation: ber. rendering the second volume a con-
733Cane.ud no-)papir i-on'lnu-Jd aft'-r 1 hainglarige urtateetcnandi e HR,, xeinehstuh svnetadvr aubebo frfr
expirailon of the time oi.d :Tr rtie -da.ir. on 100 or 165ii pounds to the acre-when the by Rev. R. T. Hall, of Tavares, and Mr. lowing statement contained in a letter WHEREAS, Experience has taught us venient and very valuable book of refer-
the printed i-bel wvImuIwr,:h ,he papti-r arel mois that in the great plain people isourcoun- ence. Tht same style of type will he
addre.'sdi the dut to a-nin thesu rp-land Is ist with dew or otherwise. In G. Darbishire, of Fort Meade. L-t from an Apopka correspondent of the at in tegreat plain people is ou coun- enc. The same style of type wi be
e os ,abta di ---:f th reldr,-re the region of red clover it is ued in in- every obtainable cutting be planted, and Tines.L-nio. dated November l;th: h'atsalvation from peril mustLewrougt thesame width, but four to the page in-
paynieut.tto tEttr daib i' ;i[" [h dfe I.no[t ae oebrFc:Ibtslainfo ei ms ewogtteaewdh u orohpg n
chanced Immediaately atter a new payment, mense quantity as an early top dressing we shall see if there is not something "The problem as to how to dispose of out by their loyal faith and willing sac- stead of six. and proportionatelyshorter.
toesubiw]ierwllpvease )thiyuatonee for that crop. South of that region it else that will pay as well as Cuban to- the orange crop has been solved as re. rifices:; Tnepublic will be justified in thein-
CORRESPO:)NDENCE solicited on ail sub.
leet, p.ertainiilg to tuf top'.pis dealt with In seems not to be appreciated, but we be- baccoor even oranges. gards most of the growers in this vicin- WHEREAS, This government is our ference that the proprietors of the
IhispapF-. I'rt-rnr iifissue-teinaturea .it ,.-. government. and any existing adminis- FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER are war-
to thLearth1le.fsa ''nthey may choose, ut must ee it would prove equally beneficial to ,- -- itv. The Florida Wine Company has ration is our administration, regardless ranted in making this improvement by
furnlt the editor with tilr fuhi name and other leguminous crops, such as cow NOTES AND COMMENTS, contracted for about 1,500,ii)0 oranges to of the political party that placed it in the unqualified sudcess-Of the.journal,
addr.t, not for publ hwat Icno bdtas a 9gura nteeV
ndgoroe 'alin. Rejected eommunleaflobascan- peas, alfalfa, desmodium and lespedeza, -be delivered at their works. This is un- power: I and by assurances of its continued and
WHEREtS, We recognize in these raped growth in the future. A journal
not be returned and to forage crops in general. We suppose our juvenile readers, doubtedly a good thing for this people, t WHEREAS imes the ed of appeain these rapid growth inas this did withuA journalom-
ADVERTISEMENTS. inserted to a ttmilted sic .pii h nt imtrhv n it- rt*r* troubled times the need of appealing to that starts out as this did without prom-
DVex Tin. RiSEENTS Inserted to alimicato ed TO DESTROY AS since seeing the last number, have set as, taking intoconsideratiou the fact that the higher nature of men, that they may rising favor to any locality, to any pri-
extent. R'tw-s rlsheld on pplletl Jo Ts P of Havard, Marion county, their hearts on owning a pair of those the expense of boxing, freights., commis- seal anew their belief in the holiness of vate or corporate interest, or to any par-
RIIrPostalN Eipor e Order, or Re lste writes to "know how to get rid of ants c pigens- but now lhe belted cow sion, etc., is to be avoided, the price paid self-sacrifice and the meannessof greed, ticularorganization, and which, on the
Letr ort= f" writes to "know how to get rid of ants Ic8ciieadtemans fged iua raiain n hco h
FLORIDA FRER AND FRI OWER, are troublesome in i arn" will divide their favor. A lore of the is satisfactorily remunerative, and the a bd thus be ready to give just condem- contrary, pledged its independence in
FLORIDJFRER AND FRUIT iOWER that are troublesome in his garden." beautiful in nature is to b encouraged, all t a e nation to whomsoever makes selfish all things, must stand on itsown merits.
JaknvllleF Here are five methods for him to try: beautiful in nature is to be encouraged, money is all kept, at home." spoil of the substance of the people. Its vigorous growth under such circum-
TABLE or CONTENTS. First, pour an ounce or two of bisulphide but it is always desirable to combine whether it be great capitalist or indus- stances, and the innumerable expres-
___ of carbon into the opening of the ant ul with beauty. The young people HORTICULTURAL INVENTIONS, trial league: sions of approval which have comeifrom
FRI P-L-- k et ,.r Inv hill and cover ituickl with a lre lt f the risit g genera ion must be taught WHEREAS. Many reforms are needed, all quarters, prove conclusively that this
FiaR;T PA.'--SaIlt atk; A iije t-r ir tata- bhill and cover quickly with a large plate. of te risin ationms t t The T'c rid we ask for legislation and enforce- journal has met a popular need. and that
tigt'dttrii;attlnPurPsmt'S-.lily; Ji'ey,'1 The liquid volatilizesrapidly. producing to be practical in all things and not to The lest Billsboroiilg Times. pub- and we ask for legislation and enfoice- journal has met a popular need, and that
ligani,; -'atil it, ~jinau --onry; l"EY ff T emliq idovoatiliesoraidly.prod cingAbout, ofaawdtobring themfboutandi greasfutuedisossure tto implympy'-y
air L-6,1 Regi.u DtBlte te l deadly gas which naturally sinks, being indulge in hopes of earning wealth with- lished at Clear Water Harbor. A. C. we demand the passage of these meas- following the line of policy thus far
wri: Dn; ol'h n I-,.-B: Hgar Wee.d; heavier than air cond sink a raher out labor. That. is the best foundation Turner, editor and propi ietor, is one of ures. not in the name of any party, but pursued.
Fat ming; ,t in t, ouh:Lr e Prni.eaier than air. Second, sink ath to lay for the country's future prosper- the most carefully edited papers to be in the name of justice, in thne ame of The FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
rn-is, n. wide-mouthedFbottleintheant hills o lan y o us.p found in Florida. It is newsy aud at- the people; made its appearance at a time' which
SEccNE, P'..-Northn Fruim r it wFruit that the orifice is a trifle below the ant v 0c n' ul d oledThat in the needed reduction madbe termed theturning point in the
Giove.., .r R,..re.: Wore.,,: tan R-.-.,; hill: partly fill the bottlewith sweetened During thle coming month the most tractive in appearance, and would do of National taxes the burden should be State'sindustrial history. It was to reet
Cold Storage r New Oieaus; Kel ing Bul water. Third, saturate a large -conrse practical people should relax a little, and credit to a to n of several thousand in- removed from the necessaries of life in thischange and give voice toa new pop-
,n Wirnter: Rex Begriia; Cut Wormo: Root sweelendwater and flace or one week "eatrdrink and be merry." habitants. It represents a very intelli- common use: and.the absurd proposition ular sentiment that this journal was es
Tratts sponge with sweetened water and place drive care away for a little while, and gent community, and must 'conduce to mniade.by'certain leading public men in tablished. A citizen of oneof the south-
TaiD Pao-Ecncmy in FertUzing; Tile in old d.he wher. ants abound: when themselves to h rsf a the advancement of the very attracI various political State conventions, to ern counties writes to the. editor: "It is
Drair,?; Fli)r:da Siand; Tob,-,., in c...Itumbia black with ants throw the sponge into then bend themselves to the labors of a ead nee tee r trai te teax from spirits and tolacco inLime that new departure be made in
Counry. To Kill the B.-.1 ,Worm; Improvedl boiling water, wash the ants out and re- ewring the month of Christ- region lying between Tsmpa Bay and the preference to removing it from the neces- the old systems of alarming in Florida.
tiewnyear. uo Ksarihsdemandsrourearnesteproest.iWe watter'ewnthnetmethods wiltiavd Th-
SuaarMakimg: Abut Comnir-il Fertiizer place. Fourth lay fresh bones about: mas we presume the holiday festivities' Oulf. series, demands our earnest protest. We Intelligent new methods will pay." That
Fi -ara Pin-Anaouersi- Cnn'esrodeni; tep antse w .llyicky corer them ; when will have a due hare of attention on In tbe issue of November 17th we see cannot readily hSlieve that Congress expresses the spirit of the times and the
Fovru Pir.t., --Anaver c to orreir, oondents; the ants will quickly cover them, when wihe di onrwilloffer to the people cheap whir.ky sentiment which this journal has advo-
Horte.tdturl invetniiAt ; o,,d Worfc, inr they are served in the same manner as the opposite page, and perhaps other mention of some inventions by Mr. W and tobacco, in preference to cheap sated and sought tc build up on thesub-
Fior,.; the Na,.natAiAine; Lt Frit with the sponge. Fifth, place a mix- pages may become a degree less prosaic. H. Brown, of Dunedin, which may prove sugar, lumber, salt, coal and clothing, stantial basis of facts and experiences.
lrw- Te -i n. Abe ture of Paris o een or London url i the net number we shall present an of value to our horticulturists. "In the Resolved. That railroad freights and As evidence that the FARMER AND
Growers Co-operate; Rerthtitl..; -s. Ab.traet ture of Paris green or London purple In the next number we shall present an faesshuleb gealyreucds that FR MR.,.N"
Ie old dishes where the ant can have essay on dogs, not at all scientific, but first place," says the Tinies, "he invented fares should be greatly reduced, so that FR -(-Ro-R has the cordialsupport of
I-oanis.olddirailroad capital will bear its just shareoof the most intelligent and progressive cit-
FinT Pana-Oar C,-,. L.,rner: n ewer6 to access. The last four methods are from calculated to interest every one who ever a plant protector, so arranged that small the depression now so seriously affecting izens. it is sufficient to- refer' td its large
C.rreF..oe.; Te Famly Friena; Our Pop el, (t deaniaq. owned or liked a dog. plants may be protected from cold, and agriculture, and that the Inter-State and able bbdy of contributois, dompris-
Yourgo FPol-C corner; otn Fanulr Exoorne. c It begins to look as if Dr. Neal had then, in a moment, given the benefit of Commerce law should be so amended ing a hundred dr more of' thbbest agri-
Sxra P -Care or Cui. Care ui Work, CFINCAPIN. thrown another "bone of conteti" the sunshine and outer air without, sub- and n forced that this end may be cultural'writers in Florida and many in
Is A-eOoDi Cr ef P.:r. othrowne another "hone of contention" brought about; and that all the States other States, among whom are such vet-
Te-ams; AdiretoT)atr-Rtmen:Si-vne: Ploitry E.H.. of Tampa, is informed that he into the arena of public discussion. The jecting them to tbe damaging winds enact laws supplemental to the Inter- eran writers as Dr. Pan;el Lee, of Ten-
Dn ot,,, FhFrida: Remedies icrCnm,-n Al- can obtain seeds of chincapins next, year cOwn culture bone has been gnawed bare often prevailing in the winter months." State law. nessee: Dr. D. L. Phares, ofthe Missis-
inrtzi r-a i Bredin g. 9y addressing Mr. S. Litesey, Chester, we think, as well as sundry other topics The second contrivance is for pruning Riesoied, That we believe in.so amend- sippi Agricultural College Bdn. A?" N.
Nasucut,-l.M.L as festh pe rnce ffut re.cn ing the public school system that the Cole, Of .Netwo York;- J. K. Ho.'t,_6f 'New
v-6ert .c, ral-Fhrm M"ellyWord aistied";War, by Nassau county, Fla. Mr. L. also offers the discussion, of which ends where it the upper branches of fruit trees, con- edgcathon ofpui schilds'se that tbe Cole. of New Yoerk; J. K. Hdyt, 6f New
Serial tcr.ry, -1-1i the World at War," by cedsuso.o hc nsweei education of our children shall be of Jersey; esidesseveral rpeettvso
Waltr Be.ant; etc. to supply young treesof chincapins from began, like the ancient device of- a ser- siting of a chisel, etc.. attached to a practical help to them in after life. Th the apartment f Agriculture.
Eiasra Pao-Stiate New min Brief; Fi..rida two to six feet high at 15 cents and 20 pent trying to swallow itself by the tail, pole. Though there are plenty'of. such theoretical plan that now obtains infects A considerableacceson tothepresent
Tob. ,:o; bir. D, ton 1 3F.rida; How the cents, or to exchange the same for Whether "'salt sick" be a distinct disease, utensils in use, the fact that a patent has many with the idea that -physical labor number of contributfors is exrected, and
Ganietheytis not hnLeCnte pear trees. He saysv they will ar believe, or only the result o been obtainedgeteel. This sentiment tends to various attractive features will beadded.
La~eiaw (,'pt-rare.: Tr, Q t-,-t Fih:-rtda Fair; Le-c, nte pear" trees, He says th ill as many believe, or onythe result of 'enotie o hnidcts tlat create gentel.ls ls h~ nvtbeFrte eei foag iowr'h
Deceninecr teauier H-rI: o;Lait- Market Re-at a helpless class w hose inevitable For the benefit of orange gri'wers'the
R:r s. bear the second year after setting out. neglect and abuse by certain cattle own- that it differs from others. The editor drift is toward the almshouse and prison. latest market reports will be published
They may he grafted with the Japan era. as Mr. Wilson seems inclined to be- thinks it far superior to other utensils of Our country needs an educational sys- during the season of sales. Arrage.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. chestuut, scions of which can probably live, is a question open for discussion in this class, and invites attention to the tern based on a moral, manual andt in- ments have been made with reliable
tellectttal training that inculcates the bou-3es in New York, Philadelphia-, Bos-
-e obtained of Mr. J. M. Moss. Green these column, and we hope that accu- fact that Mr. Brown offers to sell for elsetal dignity and necsity of honest to n Baltimore. Chicago and St.elphia, Bos-ouis,
ASHLES FOR ORANOE TREES, Cove Springs. rate observations will be made as urged 'lI"i"i a right to this invention covering labor, to send suchi reports by telegraph on the
E. WV. W., of Green Pond, Polk .R.A.SES Na1JED. by Dr. Phates. a large territory inclusive of Florida. R /solv.d, That the agricultural col- eve of publication. Every farmer and
ount, ak: O what value are oak J. M. ., of Pinellas, sends speci- Iges magnificently endowed by govern- fruit grower. and evet'y housekeeper as
county, asks: ao what value are o .W., of Pinellas, c.uds ci- Salt sick belongs to a class of diseases Good Words for Florida. ment and dedicated to the purposes of well, may be sure that Volume II will
wood ashes alone as a fertilizer for or- means of Paol,.ilin plolyc-atle I No. 1 O and the nature and origin of which seem to E r -, F Gagri-ultuteh and the mechanic arts should be worth to him many times the rlice of
ange trees" i rl T io. 2. Ofthe be involved in mystery. They are pop or, ,ue ,1r i Fa1- be l held faithfully to the condition of the subictiption. This journal is devoted to
ane t'e,:"P,81~aa .,Jhn.,a ~o O tebe involved in mystery. They are POP, Please accept thanks for a Jibeial grant, arid as they have in nanriY ca's Florida's industrial adv'ancement."anid
There isnobettersirgle fertilizer for former Mr. WV. writes: "The seed was ularly regarded as originating in local packageofourtvasluablepapr bm grantil. and as thed n ay harycas esFlrs itnd sta advcemenr an
fruit trees than dry unleashed ashes, brought from Missisippi two years ago causes, such as poisonous plants. and Tbey will go to my correspondents in re tored held tothe tighpurpoeoftheir gr desive citizen. Upt of ev p-
especially those otf hard woods. They under the name of 'carpet gras." Some they furnish interesting subjects for sci- all parts of the United States. In resto, heidth oahnobhng Wth tshang of ftre cf tz
especially those all pars ofsthejUnitedoStates. If creation, in min~istei-ring toand ennoblin~g With this change of form of the
contain many valuable elements in good of it caught and now covers a space 20 tific invtiain ear Old Tampa they had the information your paper industry. FA.aR AND FRUIT-GROWER the-ouly
state for imiationstigation. One hundred feet square and is gives, they would many of them go to Resol'ed, That we sympathize with objection that has been urged will be
state for assimilation. One hundred feet square and is very thick and luxu- Bay we were told that sheep, though Florida for a permanent, home the just demand of labor of every class, removed. There has been much dissat-
pounds of oak wood ashes are found to riant. A mule kept o:n that farm re- succeeding finely in farm inclosures, I have had over thity years' experi- ant recognize that many of the evils isfaction wththe "newspaper form,"
contain 10 pounded pota-ish: 73 1-,2 pounds fuses to crop this grass." Thisfinegrass were sure to die if allowed to range on ence in railroad lauds. 'I took the first from which the farming community suf- and without doubt hundteds havre failed
ime: 33col5 pounds soda: 4 45ony to Nebraska pounds ws described and illustrated 1856. I have made fers oppress universal labor, and that, to subscribe because in a journal of this
limagnesia;: 3 35 -2 pounds phosphorioda ,45 acid, number, but the specimellutrn re a former wild lands. Darwin, in his Origat in of a trip in your State as far south as the therefore, producers should unite in ade class they wanted something in "book
magnesia;5 p-o pounds phosphoric acid, number but the specimen represented .Spcies. quotes the statement that in rail is laid, and my opinion is, a man can mand for the reform of unjust systems form," that could be filed ihaildily and
and 12-5 pounds sulphuric acid. In ap- was a yoang one only a few inches high. Florida white hogs are poisoned by a get more value in crops for his labor in andtherepealoflawsthatbear unequally bound forfuturerefereuc. 'Thisehange
plying ashes to the orchard apply it 'while the specimens sent. b Mr. W. certain herb. while black hogs are not Florida than in any other State. a upon the people. i now aured, and further iiaprove-
broadcast, most heavily under th, ex- -ioiewhat exceeds two feet in height. a ed W in h s e a Your State needs one thousand fami- Resoltd, That hYe working classes of ments will be made in proportion to the
tremities of the branches, from that But the seed tops are very slender and it te tethe s htlies to every one it now has. and it would this country form the conservative and j burnal's growth.
int lf w the trunks, f a can b consired r er d the eating of it.cause h hoofs of white have themif its real advantages were conserving element, whose power must The proprietors'have made-arrange-
point half way to the trunksand as far can only b considered a turf or pasture hogs to slough off. We have beard this known. If your State would expend stand between the nation and the foes ments by which they will be enabled to
outward, so that they may, in leaching grass. If it be known in Mississippi as statement confirmed by old residents of $100,00) in lettingte wold know what which now threaten its future well- supply,atasmall cost,'a superior binder
downward, reach the feeding roots, "carpet grass," then let that name su- Florida. The plant in question, Luch- you have, itwould return millions being, which comes from. the unre- or temporary cov-vr, in which the num-.
COTTON SD EA, ETC. percedethe ame of turf rass which is J found in b strained greed of the influential monop- ber may be placed as received andbe
A. B. H., of Orlando, Fla., writes: e suggested.me of "turpet grass" which nardhe lianctoria,is found in boggy 7 ExOHANOE PLACE, BOTON, Mass. lists, who defies law and tramples upon kept as securely and in- nearly as con
A. B. H., of Orlando, Flai writes: we suggepted.-" "Carpetgrass" is very places in some localities. the principles of justice irifilis methods vdnient shape a tif in a bound volume.
"Does cotton seed meal have a tendency appropriate. It is interesting to note Realities vs. Abstract Ideas. of acquiring the wealthbthat others cre At the end of-a-year, thecompleted vot-
to -produce the scale insect on trees? bat this grass grows so luxuriantly so A BOTTLE OF WINE. We have heard a great deal in a gen- ate-and the less influential, less success- ume with index may bebound in regular
Would it bot be a good idea to mix land far south as Tampa Bay. That any ani- e oral way about the oppression of the ful. but more demonstrative rabble who form, and the cover used as before for
plaster with the mfeal? I have thought mal should refuse it, seems incredible. The editor of the FARMER .AND FRUtIT- farmers, of the heel of despotism being practice violence. the succeeding volume.
that the plaster might be good to hold What have our friends at Waldo to say GROWER wishes to express -his high a- on their necks, their being reduced to ', r. a, Desiring to commence the new volume
practica 8serfage, and 'such like uiter- Let Frui Grwe ? Co-operate,. witha&largely increased subscription list,
the ammonia and at the same to destroy- on this point? It abounds there, and preciation of the flattering sentiments ahcesvith the generally accompanying In no trade, calling or profession is co-, the following offer is made as, a'.special
the insects that the cotton seed meal Mr. T. K. ..odbeey offers to supply roots expressed in the Florida Dispatch by Mr. complaint that there were-toofew farm- operation so necessary as to the fruit or inducement: Each. subscription to the
produces in the ground." ', of it. The other Paspalum sent- is a J. D. Mitchell, of Daytona; Hi-' disa- ers sent to 'Congress and the like and vegetable grower. The .chealpening of FARMER AN" FRUIT-GROWER, accompa-
often coming fi'omi thos6 -whose likeili- fteikhir by-forwarding in. carload lots, the nied by two dollars, that; is receivold be-
Cotton seed meal is very stimulating coarse native species which abounds in tinguished consideration and proffered hoodof ever etoming intom those f those control f refrigeratordgicarlos, thus enablingots t ween the 15th of November-at is received be-.
and is beatfor bringing' up the yitality. owpine wods. Itisof little, if any hospitality botlh-ate-nheartily recipro- positionsis verslim ndeed unde the the grower to forward the tender fruit of January, will be datd so as o qxpir
.-. i y .. .-- .. ... , ..1 ..-.', p "'is verVy131imindeed under the the grower to forward the tender fruit ofJanuar~y,-w edadaoastopre
of tre-s.- Its effects on the quality, qof value cated.. It is a thought which will corn- present or any other political condition, to market without regard to the-temper- at the end of,che,year,l.88-. The sanime
fruit are not considered beneficii.--. As Another grdss sent by Mr. W. is the fort us'in our darkest ho6rs, that on the, Let tis hav bletfirly dbefioned issues. Let ature; the establishment of cold storage privilege is extended to those; getting up
regards scale insects, any fertilizer t-i' att Paicumseritirnumni or blanket grass. It classic shores of -the Halifx there is laid. it be pla'iny'let forth hiow in -hatpar- rooms, which would he an impossibility, clubs. Thus it will be sietethat those
-^ ^ % -.. n ... ..- .,, "--. .. --=-.r5- ticulars, the farmer- is unequally bur- to tbe average farmer; the inauguration who subscribefrat.will get themost for
promotes a vigorous growth -will coun- is a npoorrelation of the crab grass, away for us a bottle otf re old sweet deed more than the printer, the carpen- of indu-trial enterprises,suchasboxand tbeir-moneya;r-Jach one-who subscrbes--
.r ni g ro w th _! T Y : ." -" e e t m o re th a n th e p r in te r th e c a r p e n o f in dlu ttria l. e n te rp rise s su ch a s b o x a n d th e ir m o u etiy r,-tls a r.adi s- w l c u n sh o o ~ eoto n f heca b g a s awyf oh o s hbtt e ?o f a e ol s e t 'rib e a "li h o'ttl e r b s
teract injury from such sources. -If over- seemingly a dwarf form of the latter. It orange wine labeled k?)- "For the editor ter or the blacksmith. Then' show us basket factories: the support of schools, before OGhristmas'.wFye eive-from one"
stimulated," however, it might leave the ,grows along low roadsides, etc., s of a of the-FLoRtiDA FArR-E AND FRUIT- hciw these burdens may be litted, what churches, horticultural halls, farmers toLasis number free. -We'trusteaschprea-
tree an easier prey to parasites. So far yellowishh color, and very inferior toithe GROWitR i'That'is a happy association lwfo should Wheteacted to secure the re- clubs; and last, but uot.Ieast, mant mg it ent subscriber-wdlatellhi.o neighbors',o. -
-- .- *.- rrutn^^~a.iautp nuiiu form, what social conditions are neces- possible to establish experimental-farms .Lhis.offer, and make someexertion to ob-
as our observation goes,za'moderate.a p- "'carpet grass." Iftorses were to graze of- ideas, forbqthb thejournal and wine are sary to be modified to secure his equal- for testing and propagating new species tain newesbbscriptions..'" ", '-.;.- ...'-_. *
plicatton of meal, from five to ten on it much it would pretty surely cause things tLat-improvewith sage.) ity, and then we can go to work under- of trees, vines and plants. A-ll this and *,f'. -" ,..' ".'"* '.'
pounds to the tree, where the trees be- them to be "sanded." Ast-~weicannot entftir 'to a proxy so statidingly.-O. M.-Tinkham, in Ver- more too, might be accomplished by co-. Who"Will WInh-li6 ?ony and ,t<
ginning a year's grotth,.gives excellent .- SEED CASSAVA. .ritica.i aimatteras-win~teatisnwe^beg opert. ._ ,. t -tc'*ti.Jr
results. Viewing -thie;miatter theoret- --J. B. H., of Portland, Maine, and *MrYliitchelI to await our-t.rning -with A Snare for, Farmers. The AgrlculturaI Wheel. .. Theu^ h tm'&Ptit/iba f d 'y,?.
ically we think-ashes sh-uld be applied others, inquire the price of cassava cut- patience. -Meanwhile we -shalla:reserve Farmers living along the Hudson river The Agricultural Wheel is another bri-r,.dle-'iid ..-.ddl. t e yr a' -; .
before the first growth; and cotton seed tings. The article is not in the market for'him a sampleof rare old sour orange are just now warned to look out for organization that is growing-rapIdly ,.-.n,-by "- the14? 1^ --.a,.'---,-
meal befoi'e the second and onlyyto and hs no established price, but two wine, which we value at .. 10 a bottle, some confidence operators who claim to the West and South. -It admits other e rsdfor.sample i-- i,*c"rd'WsI:etc
;-fi -i .... .... -- setl agricultural iimplemeuts. The. put- classes than farmers., This is its pronci- fdr, s -n .. ......n..',t .: .
trees thatyare.ot-.in fruit or that are ina correspondents of ours have sold tone As one bottle full is all that remains of is requi.r^ed ^ to ma.e an- agreeL a,,l d.en.f. -the &uianc ,. rt ss the ^ -,-
weak condition, -t3 cents a cutting and the other f6-per five gallons of. very fine wine. which ment:-to take the goods out of the ex- is a cordial feeling- between tie'uwheefil:., '-" -.,-,-.- ... ..... -,
As nelihietl ashes nor cotton seed meal 100 feet. -. -._ = laid untouched for two years -in "order press office, and after a few days the" and alliance in some.stac..,-and bthe Ar-1 :. B .. ormu... ?m -, ^^.--,.
are conPrelt'fertilizers it is better to use Mr. Charles J Crantz, of Auburndale, that it might acquiireage(a minute worm agr'eme?.nt is seent0 be anote of $50 ,or 'arisas ;state wheel at 'its.:last a.uiial' tEvery gaide'n sbt"-Tah^Bli o = <
we made post. -Formulae fpor these Polk county, writes under date of Nov. hole accounting for the remainder), as$300: dThisis, ,n-a. old ds^^ &tii [is -eetng decid=_ t&-oi_ d wih.h tons.Xe ttq...c .
will be found~i various uumbersof the llth: "I have some cassava growing, we -alued the full keg a -wd10, and as one-pretty much all tbe ftime Morau- Never "tiv0 unionaa-.Wes can ffe a M i tod-yd-fo,- o..-
ot.kga4ladsoepet uhaihtm.Mrl Nee tibnn.iW'n bu~t': ftel Chat- this',ysoro ed'e~
-FARMER AND FRi-rr _OGnwga. -Article' Which'is the'finest-.I ever saw. It was bottle-proved sufficient to contain all the, sign for:a stranger; nefer sign until you action.-was ..ae ble 'bW"d-.uxdel(iiz_ i h.Septeber"at~isof.'ih,-
'- ashes will be fo' "i'do'" "ag "2 "--, "-:.' ..,-,Y", : :. ':: -- ".- have caeuly&ied ht-o:iniln. bic'jrtdiih .be f,],~~iai~[ -o,.n-.Jk'a ,_',, '-.
t on oas dpwi tendon page*24., etc,;. p'Jnte': ast January and -the stalks tshe sale of the wme were contemplated, carefuiriyead- hftoli-,l pblcp'ffe.aItis Plblicslrit-d.oIf' teSema &wn nryf
"ev.ir. g, qnti .l bl-n sp.slsradmore'.comjidt \znio kood onions aer favorabl
rticles mne sure 10 and-12-feet long, 3"inches in wine fara we are. concerned Wthat"S ^ ^^'ve haie, been fletaa'inm bh"^,-"k'f'e of 'tlb.n.;.t:.as re
on.trse-o r.-wtitcot, tp-Bnsed fO--pr.-damet .eendtlebush e1 bottle of wine is worth ,$10, Bu" if. lies. " '*- -'- ."t-,r- 'irrs" of'sted.-Fam and .... -,- i-.
'- :-, ? ; ." "* .. : .. "- ? . .. .. ". ". "'*'- -*-* "- '* .. r- -. : :- .- ,'t * : ,-'- :,d ~ ^' i e. y '
-. *- -. -. .- ,. . : :- -. _- .- . .-,:.- = - -. t. -' .Y.-.. "
.- ..- -.. -.. .-. .. -. .- --_ 2.. ..- -. "z _,d :' , -- : - = = L . ', ''

C, -- --'-a r------.- -
. aq.?-7" o'-~- -- .- : --..--. .
a'.M' -ee.:' ':- #. ... "- '

- -- .-t--' '- -- r' ~t-.&-r.. ~ t--i 5at-
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m wa to a curtain rod, tipped with brass. If luncheon, and is inexpensive. It can be back are a beautiful slaty grey, some- size from this part of the coast for named budded nursery stock in variety,
yr h iyou cannot buy the latter, youcan make of a whole cauliflower, or, if preferred, times tinged with a rose hue. Thetop shells of other and distant localities. Ad- or fine poultry.'. hG. B. h
ofne out of an old broom handle, sand- sprigs only of one or two vegetables of the head, the greater wing coverts, dress W. F. S. Would like to'exchange white and,
Papered, varnished or painted, and the can be used. When it is well managed, the lesser wing coverts, and the chin are I would like to exchange pure bred double pink oleanders for the double

With a helping hand and a Welcome for all with another rod rather shorter than the compact, and when it is straggling that they make a bold white bar across plants of the Florida Seedling variety- K. l
With words of good counsel for old friends and upper. The exercise of a little care and all over the dish it does not look very the wing. The quill feathers of the the earliest and best berry for Florida- 'Wauted---A spring mattress, also six,
new, taste will make this a very handsome tidy. In order to avoid this, however, wing and tail are deep black with a for Wyandottes. Address C. H. W. elect roplated teaspoons; offered m ex-
Who come to us seeking the best way to do. -6 it is only necessary that the cook just be- violet.lustre, and the sides of the head, Wanted, to exchange pure extracted change, black velvet for winter hat or
All questionswered thro eraugh these columns. fore she pours the sauce over it should the throat, breast and abdomen are light Palmetto honey, in five gallon cans or bonnet, and many other useful and dr-
Personalinquiriesewllbeansweredbymail Answers to Correspondents. squeeze it together with a clean cloth red, with an odd chestnut tinge. The demijohns, value 1. to, r correctly namenral things roselect from. Box 147.
Subscribers are cordially Invited to take a J. J. D., Island Pond, Vt- Your in- held in both hands.. Procure a moderate bill is shaped like tlat of a parrot, and is
Subscribers are cordially Invite to take a J. -B size cauliflower, lose and white. Cut a deep, shin -g black.
.seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views, quiries replied to by mail of the 16th size cauliflower, close and white. Cut a dee hi a b
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit. inst. In considering the prices of Flor- the stalkquite close, and trim away the Taking him altogether, the bullfinch
F eM lrienoneanother." u eeouterwithered leaves. Put it head is a very I'comfortable looking" bird, [E A NURSER I M PANY
Communications intended for publication ida property, that is, especially groves, outer withered leaves. Put it head is a e l i i
must be brief, clearly written, and only on either being or very nearly so, it must downward into a large saucepanlightly you will see presently. We offer the largest and most complete stock of Citrus and Deciduous Fir Tree w
one side of the pa er. be rememberedthatthesetrees represent plent il ir South Florida. Our stock is First-Class and prices to suit the trade. e to: D.:rprve
Should matter ressedting to this department years of patient labor and outlay, of salted, and let it boil until it is tender (Tobe continued.) Catalogue and Price List. Communicate with c -.
E should TO O HOME-CrrcLE, which the purchaser will reap the full It will take from a quarter of an hour to E. H. TION. anaer Lkeland Nnrseries.
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower, benefit in an income ready made, and twenty minutes. If it turns over in ,the aThe Family Exchange. keland, Polk Co.. Fa.
Montclair, Fla. constantly increasing year by year; in water, as it is xery apt to do, it must be The Family Exchange.Co.. a.
other words, it is really an annuity that turned back again with a fork, for he ..l.i [,. iu, t' r..i i FL, IAFARM- .
Our Cosy Corner. is purchased, one not only augmenting flowerswillbewhiteriftheyarekeptwell i rZ, N .,1,.; .r .at i <,r F',r0V,:..lui F | JJF.L ii.Ui.L)lIl. 1`p1T EL !
From the far North bleak Massachu- in amount, but that can be passed on under the water, Care must be taken to ~ ua ..z.e. rs-'uc ,,:i. reb, .r..iereS..
setts, com the far Northllowng, bleak Massachu- "rings and mountinued to ones posterity on remove any scum that rises. When the e- ,i ,it-, pira., er A.Iert,,ei.rie ts aid
the changes atnd showsngthe other side H. A K., Chetwynd, Lake county, centre of the cauliflower yields easily [n, a ,,i ..s :ti 7,0, ..) ctnsTr-. ,,, pr.. g vita Franba Lemons. waohini.on Nvel
of the changes," graphically drawn by Fla. Dairy circulars duly forwardedas to-pressure it is done. Take it up care- E i F uir-GRo R, MoDair. Fl.r- and Jaffa Oranges. Mostly Lemons. Must be ..iJ m a lamp. .Term reasonable.
D. D., of Montclair." We heartily requested. ry circular orwfully; and drain it on a sieve. But ,.. E,. h ai.nswer n ust r, a. .-xpani. riy an Some one. can ruaike I..ney i ardi ,. A.iare-- -
"D. D., of Montlair." 'We heartihy requested. -hilst it was boiling the sauce should iur..Ii,-...,'i..peeire/. pef, wa.ch I,:. ror' .. I. TABER, Glen SI. Mary, Fna.
echo thewriter's closing wish. not only F.A. F,, New York. N. Y. Yes, we whilst it was boiling- the sauce should ia .' t.7,iAerR. ,- Ge t -Ient.Ny
for D.,t but fog all our Florida havepersonally tested the "Wonder" have been prepared. You will need two wartther will rer medim atelyall trad. Glen st3ary Nuer.
ousekr keepers : ut for a uchurn, and have brought good butter in ounces of grated cheese, half an ounce ,10niumni.iedl, ihat th.r a'ivertiseniuerts may
houskp OTHER "SHE." two minutes from sweet milk, which is ofb utter, anouceof flour, quarter of bewi,.h rawnr. P F W ILSON,
On readngD.D'sea for help inNo. 45 somethingthat "once upon a time" we a pintof cold water, tablespoonful of wt.,trd u'. oAiib ir.:roidie i ivnerts:n
(Onreading e help m ever expected to see. The milk left cream, and as much Cayenne a% would wi be witndrawn ubiiect to after-renewal, if S
I am not old, I am not gray! over was as good as any skim milk; bet- barely cover the flat surface of a split ielredAINESVILE FLA.
It seems to me but yesterday ter, in fact, because fresher. pea. Put the butter and the flour intoGiNESVLLEFLA.
Sincebecame stfrea romcare, J.E.C.. Glen St., Mary, Fla. Your a small stew-pan and mix them thor- Will exchange a Devon bull, three
And came to stay where all is fair. communication received. Your claim oughly, off the fire, with the back of ar old. for a fine lha b ch load- LE IN
Hurrah 1ho-. son a a chnge bas come, appears'tobe a just one, so far aswe can wooden spoon. Add a quarter of a pint years old. for a fine Ischea breech load- DraLER IN
Tne uaLght fallen on m7 hoie-- judge-y comparison, and will be.kept of cold water.andstir the saueortheng double barrelled shot gun.A. B.
Myp'.:asinh ".me, th. raeu e a,cler. ine mind. fire till it is thick and quitesmooth:thenI a'ln f no al
B. H. Q., Jacksonville, Fla. Letter add the cream, and the Cayenne. and a Wanted to exchange, seeds of cassava sl
The er ,-cul"S 'he,'oae,..i a aroe sent by mail of 18tt inst., pinchiof salt. When the cauliflower is and Bermuda arrowroot ("cassava seed"
I need er.,' iI oild. esr, Mrs: M. M. C.. Columbia, MO. Partic- done enough, take it up, cut off the out- is the cane, "arrowroot seed" the roots), ALSO
Fr there o erce a .se e. rsa given i reen leaveslaceit onthe dishon for the following nursery stock: Peen-to,
S r anfree." forwarded, with ettersNovem- on which it is to be served, and squeeze HoneyandBidwel peaches, Japan plums RICULTAL LENT

Who csanon orsebackrestheirves er you. See Cosy Cornerfor hands. Stir half the cheese into the grapes, cuttings or plants of roses, E RTOR KWELLand CO..

Withcbeauty btloomingoung Fol' worner* at sl notahdo, aa
hocanon h~rsebe .sttheires JMrs. C. C. M., St. Thomas. Fla. ILIt a "
oA.-dbestaO. fl-the invalid,' r ter of the 15th inst. received, and itscon- sauce, and then pour it gently all over other flowers and ornamental plants-
itau boSm iFTS.l tents reported to the proper person. from the flower. Sprinkle the remainder of or best offer, o. r c ash. L.
Who shorn ofwith s to take herpart,edwhom we think you "will hear some-a cak heheese over the top, and bro all; bWantet there to exchanc ge, eggs for atch-- eeaus regency. eE. L.
May ir ity view with gratefuclcomheart, For both these we give recipes that have are a good many o he lle cousins
etc How comfort reigns on every side, thing to your advantage" We are glad the macaroni was browned. Serve it ing of Light Bramas, Wyandotes, and em -
fine bruh thin theoils or methey may be left pride to hear and we think they wellcan't be all their lives, and perstandps that the ver so hiteLeghorns. all pureandofthebest
plain. Toilet bottles i er with the Wonder;" indeed, it could proper thing for dishes of this descritionled strains also a trio of W. C. B. Polish,AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED
oldchina-taste the mostrefined-si hardlytbe otherwise.E et o is gratedParmesan, but any good cheese for a gardenseed-drill, or an y ees o n o a incubator I T T T r
h K-pt brk .wat wid c do butkeer. Dr.a J. C. N., Archer, Fla. Very glad grated will do very nearly as well. tuof 200 or-800'egg capacity,-with or withr- R'L.} T A T J_ J .ILL L
t ceeSwheb th kow e bott w.' to hear ndfrt om you. Su Cos Cornerot forit -Ue outo halk about t e c u llc Tn at a1brooders. .anu da eW.A.

h th tn h t O rY al o F ow r, n y a d iS te n id SASH DOOR NDUCCESSORS BL TO NICH OLS, ROCKWELL HARDWARE, PAINT, OILS -
Herin the color of the satin used or te aDecember until swollen and tender, will a Our- ill understand better about Don g Folks' Corner. Wanted AND change, for part FloridaETC., ETC.
tolet etAn Make a ca e for each bottle. wit, J.er erB.H. wellFair 4 pount. Fla: Mrs. A.Ci. THE For saleong, creasyt trimmingcash feathsutle Tools, G s, Am uitin, and is
of atin, to fi smoothaly wen o ni bute L.. Altoona, Fla. our answers to ex- t of all then, the bulnh lives in ede infants' s acks, band and ocs ETABLIHED 75. ESTABLISHED 1
Oar "Sbe" with DI D.., o Mortciir. E. changers received and forwarded. I expect those of my cousins who hail first-class piano and first class organ,ren- Hardware,
Snoto Mrs. D. F. C.,ut e areful that our hand is Et- from the great North, especially, it linen tidies; bureau ids5 piees; ane
take care tat te eam well ewed t too heav on e latterra puck the cities, do not neepsd to be told what charges. Reason for partingwdies th thembrequin,. ting Outfits Specialty.

A Pretty Toilatone et consists ofund paiece ill reulthe Famiy Friend. t town from uses, talhey certainly have in dozen books and charts of the bestdress
band oattesand pincushion to match, all It istimenotothink of our Christ bidstores,fohe is rem favoritkably tamable aird making system extant. A lady can St T c- fl L o d.
three covered with satin and decorated matl is ncemeat and Chrisall temas cake wherever bes known atall; but there make anywgarment perfectly by its use. rS9 i ,re& us. rirg oo s
either with ebroidery. decalcomanie or For both ti et er tesewe gith erecipesan old that have are a goodmany of the little cousins A rare chance for an agency. E A. B.
etchings. i narrow lines drawn with a been in use in our own family for many who hae lied i out of the way places I will exchange plantsrt seeds and em air
fine brush oilson or s they may be left years, and we think they can'tt be all their lives, and perhaps have never so broidery p patterns with our sisters of the
plain. Toilet bottles with glas stoppers beat:" muc asnd heard that theappareisa bird called Home Circle. Will also exchange for SOLE AGENTS FOR THCELEBRATED
cornmay be bought for the purpose, but a NCE MEAT. a bullfinch, fruit trees, etc., other than orange, a

and cushion combined. For his take a enough cider to wet it completely: in He. is very foud of fruit buds, and in plans (the -Wilsoni for three or four wnd vros R. R. Wharf, Wayeross B. E. Depot,
pa of citrate of such amnesia bottles come makingwith Three pounds of lean bee or a large But it isate true, and a very interesting good magic lantern, G erman make, lensar to ACE A AIEVI FLA
in. Uncorks covered wit satin to match, beef tngue-rthe latter is the best, but is fellow this asyou will all acknowledge 2m whenever inches, of rack and pinion motinchas

ing it neatly and biding the edge under good enough alone. This will keep a they can. *'Most of them, I say, be- Address E. H. T.
may bquilled e to answer. Cutto a piece of not always obtainable boil till pe rfectly when I come to tell ou about the dear ob-three dozen sdes xl inches, land-' BA R J SOVILLE FLA .
pasteboard the size of the bottom of the tender; ,2 pounds suet: 2 pounds raising: little pet I once had. "Don" we called scape, and _cQmonic; diameter of pictures
bottle and just small enough to be en- pounds currants: I pound citron; 6 him. shown, from eight to ten feet. Valued
tirel of satincovered around the outide. t upo This pounds appn ecellents-if fresh cannot when paro- Wewil t ripptalk about the bullfinch in at $1. Manu of 1 pages included.
it. edge offer this with satin or with baklesia cured as "dro p cake looks very in general no, however, and then you Paked in two strong boxes. a weSASH OOuiltRS TRA MND S, BUILDERS' TO OLANGE CLIPS L ADDERS
in the color of the satin used fr the water until swollen and tender, will an-sometill understand better about Dhainusual, roomed house, with J.a goo AND VARNISHES ETC E
toilet set. Makesa case for each bottle, swer very well: 4 pounds light brown ticular. For sale, crochet trimming, feather E
of satin, to fit snoothl when on, but sugar;cinnamon fruit ace and cloves to Firet of all then, the bullfinch lives in edge: infants' s sacks, bands and, socks; ESTABLISHED 187. ESITABLISHED at .
not so tight as to start i the seam, an. taste, but be careful that your hand is Europe, and although Indn its fre budstate, it linen tidies; bureau pe ts 5 pieces; flannel
take care that somethe ingseam s well sewed njus t the too heavy on the latterra 5 puckeggs 1cup is very hy and keeps carefully away skirts:plashers: a popufelttidiesn olambrequins; to
Attach thisaron flannhe round piecealf a of breultak Itisng powde mis as usual and etiro fromuit budma, in bodes,anding out ofthereach bibs: oylies: table carss, cushions;
and coax the bottle gently into its casake addcadihe range or lemound of ceel; ourrantswellly a of gunner insecit is remarkably tamable ad stand lik scarfs: table co grade Jers; panels ic-
Frinage outgreen inch deep at top. and tieg washed ad druiredged with flour:the i pound Aoving when domesticated: in fact, more racyoke: shawls;shams. Clydend for Per- fuX ll LS R; A '- F O O D
aroundthe neck of the good ttl make withe atin enth r very ne e there isan old saying thatll sour ohan anwild their birds; andit takes very description andprices.r fouAddressA. B.
ribbon, say an inch wide. The cushion "'itf you chop it. too fine it will poison strong dislikes to some people, and just Will exchange one cart saddle in fair Co S
may beof hlongr square, with a quilling you" the meaning of tronwh ich is obvious as strong liking to others, and both the condition, f-or pair of either wagon mission .aerohantanorwarder.
of sat pin around it.wo ines in width. Take cinnamon and bows at eac since ths is an imossibilit. ix all one and the theroftenFood n the apparetlrke with- cotainstage bame th J. S.edien P
corner or you may have a brush case together very thoroughly; thear, or ofn out rhymeor reason. us take care for gentlemen's cloth slippers, prettily ures.
apied cushion combined. For this take a enoliugh cibrown one pound our pound of of our birds, and no gruit uds, and intheir stamped, with materials for working; -
pasThese boquar such asre o b ne shoes come making it up add more cider, bran7 eggy or his wild state if the human gardeners, at lso canvas slippers, handsome table-r rss. Depot
inde. Use the top for the cushion, coer- wine, as desired, but twashe cider is quite east most of them, shoot him whenever eiagehteegn months old orwould purchase. arleto.......... ............................. 8.00
ingit neatly and hiding te edge under good enough alone. This will keep a they can. "Most of them," I say, be- -Address E. H. T.
quilled ribbon. Line the top as well as long while, and constantly improves. cause there are some who are more oh- ""'
thquare box, with quilted saonne; en put aor silesia spoonful cinnamon 1 glass br servant than others and these have no- Wanted, to exchange for Florida farm
and put sileia on el the bottom with a WAHNor r OTON rticed that even where this bird has p- or grove. a house and lot in the city f I bare in k and to arrive i iBsngor. a Boe, 000 Gm and Poplar rang
ea s Tip sArar dsexeent cak te ng, and w Boxes, 2e,000 Oranged swBox ^nHead6, t7i;,0 prn .Urat.l AB oops, xu'000 aOs
puffof satin around the outside. Thew Thice an excellent cake, and wh pagiven tlystripped a bush or tree of its aHot Springs, Akansas. Lot F t rated by DE G. PERTOLA, whoashd 8year'eeriece the ororeBaof.rrapas.
top edge of this pe neatly baked as ge-col with the drop cake." looks very pretty buds the usual crops have followed, and one and one-half aces;a wellbuilt, four ORANG CLIPS,
turned in and overseaned to the fining the las table. Rbesidesbeing quite equal to sometimes even better crops thane besual, loomed house, with .a good well of SIZERSCARS O IP..RS,
Thcardina l flannel.d b-Take finishold god with and the regulations fruit cake," which isand cut and on looking still fas ter into the water; plenty of good shade trees, also
quherring bon e or cat stit around the box inslices: 3 cups sugar; cups butter matter, ihe bi has being kefoundthat the buds o r in maintrees, grape vines and stable. Hot
And here is someingelse, ewedjust thepartlard will answer): 5 eggs: 1darkwh cup stolen by the bullfinch had worms Springs has a population of 10,000 to
th e flannelfuLine as withoell as ornamgoentalIt milk; 4 cups flour; teaspoonfuls cre add he away them, so that the usual feft 12au with two new railroads about

A Paper Rack an, be easily and ing time until the birds begin to feel Lits exchanged. Books in good condi- bareheverv best facilities for the dirribtlo and sale of oranges. Cons gnment solId.
is a pretty table spread. Buy half a yard tartar; one of soda, or the usual quantity waaareal srviSeto the owners of the beingrbuilt, andsurrounded by a tine S Saend te 5encl bst 'Circrsars and Price Ltsts.
of cardinal cotton flannel, and half a of baking powder: mix as usual and stir fruit buds, in cleaning out their destruc- mining district. D. F. C.
yard of sage green flannel. Take the in at the last; pound of currantewell tive insect enemies.-hey only measure Would like to exchange grade Jerseyt-
sage green piece for the centre, letting washed and dredged with flour: pound Andthatisjustthewayitiswithnearly cattle for half-breed Clydesdale or Per- EX CE LSIO R O R A N G E
the wlidrh of the goods make the length raisins seeded and chopped fine, then all our own wild birds; theydousa great cheron stallion under four yearsold. S .be
of the spread. (Cut-off from the len th floured; a handful of citron sliced fine; deal more good than harm, for the in- S.
a piece about tw inches in width. Take cinnamon and nutmeg to taste, sects they catch would destroy a great Wanted, Horne's Hybrid, Honey, and This ferlizer is most perfect Orange Food in the market. It contains all the ingredients
some cretonne containing flowers or FRthe deal more fruit than the'bids would idwell'sSeedlingPeaches, inexhange needed bytheOrageTre, theirroerproportions,z: Phopboric Acid, Pot Calcium
small landscapes. Cut ouit four square Oe pound' powdered sugar, or soft take for themselves -So let us take care for gentlemen's cloth slippers, prettily
pieces for the corners of the spread. light brown: one pound flour: I pound of of outr birds, and not grudge them their stamped, with materials for working;-P EI I c T l
These squares are to be six i-nches on a butter (part lard may hbe used); 7 eggs: k "little toil;" if they rob us of one dollar, also canvas slippers, handsome table- .h' r A 1
side. Then cut out two pieces eight or pound curirats, -washed. picked over' they save us ten dollars, border-bf sage'green clotb,'and many F.0.B..6hiporrail in Charleston'---------------------.. ..............-.........

creased,0 aBd strengthen d by s all brass w ih a be d p ollbe...rd... Then, e grad.. a d e e d .or lo.e..e o d E
nchaine, inches long, and six inches wide: and dredged: r pound raisins, seeded, qThe ermans make a regular business other articles. List sent on application. F.o.i. ship or raE at Jakso n e ........................ce. .Equal toPho-
these are for .the samnte of the. frlonger chopped then dredged: pound citron, of taking bulches from the nest ALCHUA.phoiio Ad, .2 er nt
sites. Maketwo strips beginward fromita lob with a sliced t: 1 teaspoonful nutmeg; when very young, barely fledged, and A y to .E G. BERTOA, Proprietor, Eereo.. ,
square of the cretonne; then put a strip teaspoonful cinnamon: 1 glass brandy, then teaching them to pipe tunes. The How-manyg ommon goats will-somer., ..
of the cardinal flannel, then the nine by wine or roewaer: makcrea enoughe butterand wa they do it is to put themSea epa-Breeze, opposite Daytonand awarournm -ROTR T e, Trade Mark eery Sa P and
sidex inch piece osi, cretonne, then a strip sugThe or amoderate sze famy then the rate cageslothe, and as son as their food isn change forth seven-shot, 22-carpentry, i e- ROOT ROT, RUSThed on applicant toLE
of flannlthen the corner' square.. Sew spice and the whipped whitesalternately given to them, at stated times, thby be- voluer, Cs w F.1: F. ad F.PERTOLA. wonasit ad 85 years' epereace, fr thee.
these strips to the sides of the sage-col with the flour;:theefruit and brandy, etc., gin to play a tune to them on a bird or- value, $5. F. F.ntratand Florida.EConsuLAtatwoons, writteh1enaor verbal, free. op
ored flannel, then add end pieces of the last of all. Remember that fruit cakes gan or flageolet, the latter is the best. Will exchange Seaside ang. Lovell's' -.AMe, Fa.-
cardinal flannel. -Take old gold flos ando, Make longer to bake than plain, and the After they have done this for awhile, (pocket edition) noels, Allien Quarter- C' fR OEBA
herring hone or cat stitch around the heat must be kept steady, but not too the birds being kept covered up, or in main, King Solomon's Mines, Witch's C o''s'
ea ite nse.- the dark5 wbee they hear no noises at Head; also some by Ouida and other

a ee ther ns g point over the fire. Sr into it a spoon- music go together, they begin to i u and "Alan

sign cab be either-when wanted form the-croquetes with' ired. -'budded range trees, from one to- twoA

bo[i[ht~or.hiouiim'ad0,-btht cords wildo, Makes a;'a-pital dish for supper or gaudy. ;The base of the neck and the like a'lao to exchange-shells of bm~all ,'WE][IGHTo -AJ'fl ' ANALYJSIS, 'M'A'R]l'1llDI ON EACH'

. -.

_- *"- "l- .

'Y toFiiPAkfRME'u A 'lnkF'RUT "'oW6Rt, UiNOTMIBER 6, h'7'

Care of Colts.
The fact should not be overlooked
that much of the value of a horse de-
pends upon the care and treatment he
receives when a colt. If, when young,
he is neglected and not given sufficient
food to keep him growing steadily, he
will show the effects of it afterwards.
He will be longer in reaching maturity,
and will not attain the size and develop-
ment that he would had he been cared
for properly the first year or two of his
Now, while pastures innmany sections
of the country are short, owing to the
drought, the colts should have an allow-
ance of grain to keep them thriving and
prevent their falling off in flesh, under
which condition they would enter the
winter at a disadvantage. The first sea-
son is the important one with the colt,
for if allowed to grow thin .after being
weaned he will be slow to recover from,
it. When the colt has been taken from
its dam, and even before, he should be
handled -often and made familiar with
what may otherwise frighten him when
harnessed and-put-to work. Golts learn
more readily when taken in hand early,
and, if gently used, it is surprising how
fast they will learn what, they are
-wanted to do.-National Live Stock Jour-

Care of Working Teams.
Examine the harness on your working
team and you will discover that blinds,
check-reins and croopers are simply tor-
turing contrivances, serving no useful
purpose. Take them off for the conve-
ience of yourself and the comfort of the
horses. Keep the stable well ventilated
and free from the strong ammonia,
which is injurious to the eyes. Assist
the animalsto protect themselves against
flies; feed regularly; hitch in the shade.
and remember that the care which will
give comfort to the lower animals will
make them drubly profitable to their
owners, aside from the humane bearing
upon the subject.-Times-Dermocrat.

Advice to Dairymen.
The Southern Live Stock Journal offers
the following:
You are a dairyman. Your cows are
not the best, but you figure their cost
and keep, and you will find they have
paid you say $'20 per year. Now sup-
pose you had kept better cows, with the
same food; same treatment,' times care,
attention, your profits would, say, he
doubled. Can you afford not to keep
the best cows! Onecow ina given length
of time pays you a net profit of fifty
cents; another, same length of tine, and
care, attention and same cosr of food.
pays yote one dollar. Can you afford to
lose fifty cents, the difference between
the two cow.? Think over this thing.
Weed out your tolerably good cows, and
secure genuinely good ones. The best
stock, the best seeds, thlie best everything.
pays best. Keepup with the procession.
You can't afford to waste your time and
labor and money on anything moderately
Suppose the owner otfa herd of com-
mon cows sees what he can do by giving
his cows just as good care as the Hol-
stein and Jersey.gets. He must not ex-
pect to equal them. but he will probably
be surprised, if sich treatment is new
to his management, with the result.
There is nothing that will lessen the
flow of milk quicker than thechilling of
the cow. If she becomes chilled, as a
dairyman recently expressed*it, -"you
have locked the milk glands and you can
never pick the lock." The cow, in other
words, will give less milk at the next
milking, and she will never recover until
she has another calf.

A limited range isnecessary to make
nice, wholesome pork, and so is d variety
of food. Chopped roots apples, potatoes
pumpkins, etc.. mixed with corn meal,
or corn meal made light by an admixture
of bran, make a first-class ration.
Dr. Salmon says there are two con-
tagious diseases known as hog cholera;
one affecting the,6o.*els,-the oth6r-'.the
S.lungs.1 ,TheBrtis'te h enuin'hLog :h61
era, tho latter the swine plague. It is
possible for an animal to have both
diseases at'the same time.
'When corn meal is fed during the
special fattening stage, it would be bet-
ter to mix an equal bulk of bran with it.
The bran will prevent the meal from
having its usual constipating effect and
keep them healthier. After the frame
is well grown corn is best ;o put on fat.
Rye and oats may be ground together
and fed with corn meal.-Rural World.
Hog cholera. does. not, Vild to treat-
ment. So little hope can be entertained
S, f the young pigs pulling through, they
may as well be killed when the disease
once gets fairly among them.' Killing
them saves feed, and if there is an argu-
ment for anyZo.therplan-we fail-tose6iFt.
Of old hogs,N-ifuall3'mbre thib'haffdie,
YAcorre'`p'ndeTf"t oheiifdianitFa rmer,
s&t-ts tE?1"4f1 tet l-ef.had Ted a teacupful.

meal, to a sow that had failed to breed.
though coupled with several different
boars, the difficulty disappeared and in
due time she farrowed a fine litter of
pigs. SterljJtygisidh& to: v.arip.s cat'ie&,
over most of which hemp seed can have
no influence. As its usetoaundo no haumnr
however, it is wortfly "otf'-ttial'-forMoe
sake of the chance of benefit it offers.

SSheltering Stock.
The cold rains o i_ptr"an'dj|arT
spring, it. is well known, do vast injury
Stostock-andj is the;giuae of thuch ilos, to
-ctrl'6 .breders; %felt'erdicaipbe cheaply
and quickly. made frozii poles'covered
.,with Jlataniaibagqasse,oprair-ie grass on.
reeds, or the much.dbspisedsniqgetatraw.
-is I "n r "fur"-

nultrgy and rees.


I.-How to Build the Hen House
and Manage Sitters.
As it is about the time of year for
people to come to Florida, and of course
more or less of them will buy land for a
home here, and some among the number
will have a touch of hen fever as soon as
they get settled here, perhaps a few
suggestions about the hen houses and
yards and the care of poultry, from one
who has been here a few years and given
the subject much thought, may be read
by the new cbmers with profit, if they do
-not copy from him entirely. I shall be
glad to hear of6a better way when it has
been tested.
We will suppose that a party starts
with from 10 to 50 fowls. If he starts
with .10 he will soon have the 50.. The
first item needed will be a house or
roosting place. The cheapest and best
way to do that is as follows: Set up three
2x4 posts, 7 feet long, 2 feet in the
ground,--and 85feet apart, for the back
side of the house. For the front use
posts 9 feet long, the -two middle ones
being 2J feet apart for a door way. The
building should be 8* feet wide, and as
planned will be8x 16, giving room enough
for 50 fowls. Put a 10-inch board all
around the bottom and let it into the
ground 4 to 6 inches, so that polecats will
not be likely to dig under. -
Put a 10-inch board all around the top
also. and nail well. and cover with 1-inch
boards laid close together. If.these are
green they had better be-laid on loose a
few days to season, and then nailed close
together. This does not- make a tight
roof of course, but it is close enough for
all practical purposes. Most of the rain
ought to be kept off the hens, but a liti le
water does no harm. and then in a hot
day the hens want to get iu the shade as
much as we do. Many say you only
need slats to keep the hawks out, and
that you will be overrun with mites with
a tight roof, but here is no consistency
in such a statement, and furthermore
you will almost invariably find those that
advocate such an open roof do not clean
out their hen houses oftener than once
in six months, if they ever do.
But I have not kot the house done yet.
Get lx3 slats 26 feet long, and board up
the sides all around 'with them, leaving
1 inch space between them at the bot-
tom,tand as you go-up' make the spaces
wider. The f6*-ls must b'e 'protdeted
from skunks and opossumns at night, and
a young 'possum will get through quite
a small space, so don't make the spaces
too wide. Your own ingenuity will tell
you how to make tite door, but be sure
and make it strong and puton-a burglar-
proof lock, and double nailla'lLth'e slats
so ii will not be easy to get them off
while y'oi'hre asleep.
For roosts use some of the 1x3 slats
lail flat, and] not o-ver two feet high, and
put them all on one level, so that one
hen cannot get higher than another.
I would advise laying a thin cement
floor, and have it some higher than the
soil outside, so auy water will run off.
Why a cement floor and why nota wood
floor? There is not very much difference
in first cost, and a wood floor will be all
rotted out in two years,aud rotting wood
does not improve the health of your
fowls. You wvili like a door because you
must clean the house out as otten as
every two wveeks-every week. will be
better-and it is very easy to do it with
a good cement floor. Every time you
clean out the house carry in. from half to
a whole bushel of clean Florida saud or
soil, or what I much prefer when handy,.
the same amount of flesh sawdust, as it
is light and one of the best sweeteners of
foul air we have.
You need have no fear of lice or mites
if you keep your house sweet and clean,
unless oOu go9 to setting. hehs;,then look
out. for them. But you are safe if you
will get a few pounds of ground tobacco
stems in common use as a fertilizer, and
sprinkle freely in the nest and on the
eggs when you set the hen, and every
five days after until she comes off with
her chicks. This reminds me that' I
have not comDpletedcthelhenhouser iRund'
a partition ac1b.os .one end', 6alkig a
room t4ni, for a setting-room. -When
not used for that purpose, leave it open
for a common laying room. I
There is no trouble in moving a 'hen
after dark to a setting room. bht it is
best to have the nest made so you can-
confino the hen to it, and small enough
so she cannot stand or move around.
Put the eggs under her the second night.
and keep her shut up, taking her iff
once in 24 or 148 hodrs to eat and drink
and stretch herself. Some hens will
want to come off every- ,24 hours and
som6-will'go 36 or 48 hours. When they
are off shut the door and let them be an
hour or more. Then if they don't go
back, put them there and shut them up
again. Don't shut, up tight, but leave
cracks for a good circulation of air.
-You-wIllnob findiit advisable toset hens
after the 1st of May, but you may have
good. successallisummeperhaperba i th
brastof &6arS. v
After yoAur hlnbose one ygl can,
'lake'the afliceoT' am'bsryf' bodlhat'
tries to write about lice and mites, and'
spend $2 to $5 every week or month in
whitewashing it, and scrubbing out the
nest boxes with oatolic acid, etc., but"
I dont"gve yob auW' suIch advice. If
you thiunk.tke house will look better'
Ahitas6h'edido it, but it is a- waste of
time and money to do it very often', un-1
lees.ypu are@; very .hard7up ;for 5some-
.thing t.0odo, and in that case you had
better go fishing and .fight gnats arid

; aTo be nonlinied.) .,
------ ---L -'
A dairynian wants the fat in the milk
,and notrin'theacow's nibhs isWveedi outbthb
..btoisihat-ptutatbe feed upon their ribs
raiher than into the pale. Never mind,

Common Ailments of Poultry.
St. Louis Journal of Agriculture: A
contemporary gives the following re-
ceipts and simple operations to be per-
formed for some of the more common
disabilities in fowls. But instead of
burning tar and turpentine, somewhat
dangerous, we advise sulphur and far
burned only -to that point rendering it
somewhat uncomfortable to the attend-
ant. When the fgwls seem affected or
as soon as they sneeze, discontinue im-
mediately. The information is as fol-
You can cut off the comb of fowls if
you prefer. Use a sharp knife; cut off
both combs and wattles. To prevent
bleeding. first wash the head with
strong alum water, and then sprinkle
with powdered tannin.
For swelled eyes, bathe the head with
a warm solution made by dissolving a
teaspoonful of powdered boracic acid
in a pint of water, and then anoint with
a few drops of glycerine. Repeat this
For roup dissolve a teaspoonful of
chloride of lime in a pint of water, and
give the. bird a, teaspoonful of the so
lution. Burn tar and turpentine in the
poultry-house after the fowls have gone
on the roost at night..
' For -soft-shell eggs, put the -hens ai
work stretching, as it, indicates that they
are too fat. Soft eggs, apoplexy, egg
bound, and neatly all such diseases are
due to:-the hliens being too fat.
. For. indigestion give the birds plenty
of sharp gravel, and also a teaspoonfu
of fenugreek, in the soft food for every
ten hens.
For lice dust Persian insect powder
freely in every crack and crevice and
on the bodies of the hens among thi
To procure eggs avoid overfeed ing, and
feed meat and milk with plenty of grail
at night, omitting corn.
For bumble-foot make the roosts low
and keep the afflicted fowl confined.
For debility keep the fowl in a warm
dry place, feed meat 'and give a piece o
ginger daily.
.- -
Cross Breeding.
When fowls are kept simply for egg
and market, says G. M T. Johnson. ii
Practical Poultry keeping, it is oftei
of great advantage to cross them. Thi
often adds size and vitality, and in
creased egg production. Some however
are not as good as either parent stock
So that only by exTerimeuting can w
know which will be of advantage tc
A fowl is often called for with the siz.
of the light Brahmas and the laying
qualities of the White Leghorns. A
cross between these breeds will produce.
a white fowl not quite so large as th
Bralimas, and more likethe Leghorns fo
A black Spanish cock with white Leg
horn hens will produce an excellent lay
'ing fowl, The cockerels from this cros
will be marked solid white, with flesh
colored legs. The pullets will be white
with now and then a black feather; th
legs blue.
A cross between Plymouth Rock an(
White Leghorn produces a slaty blu
fowl. Cockeiels have flesh-colored legs
pullets have blue legs. They somewhat
resemble the Andalusian fowls. I d(
not consider them equal to either th
Plymouth Rocks or White Leghorns.
A cross of PlymouthiRock and Partrig
Cochin very much resembles the Ply
mouth Rock. It has bright yellow legs
some chickens have clean legs. auc
some feathered legs: a good-sized rowl.
A Brown Leghorn and Silver Spaugle,
Hamburg show color of the Leghorn
but manner of marking of the Ham
burg. It much resemble, the G(oli
Spangled Hamburg. An excellent vari
ety for eggs and, more haidy than th
Hamburgs, pure. These are- crosse
which have come under my own eye. I
is interesting to see how the blood of on
fowl will manifest it.sself in one way
and the blood of another in quite a dif
'ferent way. When two markings o
characteristics clash, the weaker mus
give way to the stronger. The Dorkin
varieties crossed with others, neve
forget to'put on the fifth toe, showing,
that is a characteristic from many gen
erations back. In the cross between th
Black Spanish and White Leghorn,
was surprised to see how the blac
feathering had to give way to the white
but the Spanish held on to the blue legs
never a yellow leg. In bringing nei
.blood into any .,ard, the chicks-want t
be. watched carefully to see in what wa:
.the particular cross'manifests itself. 1
to the detiment of the parent stock, i
will not pay to let it go any further.
-- --
Bee Stings and Snake Bites.
If-you have much. to do with bees, o
snakes, keep a little vial of hartshorn ii
your pocket, and use it freely where th
sting or bite hurts. Some prefer getting
drunk as a remedy for snake bites; bu
the hartshorn is cheapest; most con
venient, and best. Soda, rubbed on th
place where a bee left his proof of ill
humor, is good. Oil, or butter, 6r an;
kind of grease, is good for a snake bite
Cut .across the scar made by the fang
enough to draw blood, and suck the poi
son out, and spit it. out at. once; N
danger; if there is' no- sore or irritated
spot in' the mouth. Snake poison take
into a healthy stomach.is not dangerous
A snake carib'"his poisoinin his mouth
and the invt.ent'or ofr.auch snakes so o1
dered that thepoisbnst,hat..will kill ever
a snake:if bt rust into. his body through
venomous teeth will doinosharm in'th
.stomach. ,The,.bite of a snake, neve
.troubles a fat- hog., --The 'grease neptral
.izes the poiponA...Atwibld .hog will-.seiz-
,the terrible, hbooded snake by his tail a
he crawls into,. hole,i.pnd while th.eehoj
, is .devouring the tail the,,'s.nakes eel
are sending p~lson int tlihs,lard, and.'th
og'rfeels no moreiocoiyvnience.'frmu, i
than he would frbhiom the point of a edIle
'6ffi bitt.--Picayune.;; '.
,..w l
ece and tobacco,6evee'ge oRn,.wel t
geer. thronee laymg, neats. he"hen
d6n't object'to tlie"tobacco.' '




















F',r 1,:o noney than .any other house Ln the
lleite. States." I [wllll-up a Pirao ,-r Organ to
anv nl-n1et milan or ',-nmau., on rrtfi, and Ui not
sati i,.rt,,r, I will t-ay freight both wnavs. i25
rasbh andfl it a m,-nth on a Piano, and f0 cash
and f>a mionta 'n an Organ tdl paid for-not
Diu,'h lore tban aa uir.eiry rent On these
reri" hLieral her ne anvone" c'an :own an interu-
meht. Siion ",r FREE CATKLOGUE contaitn-
ing fimtl information. Sleet Music, Str'ngs,
VIohins, Danj,), Guiara, Aco.rdeonq, ant, in
fact, every mnuicil instiitlment that 1s made,
and at very ioivn |iie. .C ,eind fr complete Cat-
a]ti g at 10 cents per copy.





"W/ .-.TT Av .1tA.. nOunRs.


200 Acres in Fruit Nursery;

Fruitland Nurseries,

P. J. BERCKEMANS,: Proprietor.
The stozk of

specially grown tor' Florida, consists of every-
thing adapted to that climate.
Send for Descriptive Catalogues.

I handle none-, ,t ti,.:Bi-t an,-I M.,t Risa,hl s,.c-. 5M," n n CataloI u It be c-nt free ..n ap- -
-. ..]l,:'a .l"D A is 'l,]s..l l ')eD li.cr In ..

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.

J. E. Tygert & Co's Star Brand Ferfilizers.
i;.UAL .N rEED ANAL.YSIS --'lomlpr,.locg Orange Trees and Vegetahie.Ferrtillzer, Pure Groan-
Botm:. M irate .:.i P-:-a ,ii. -Li hate Potaasti;N irate Soda.Kanti, E -.6-
Prl,-: o 'u Apili.:. n "


Senl i..fr ti. ilri. -'Lreular contains short history. ,tof Peach Cailture in Florida, an d Dinis as
1to c.tUIe. J. P. DePASS. i.rcher,.Fla


WVell tested nl.) approved vari,-ie6 of the ORANGE and LEMON and othbr Ctrurus Ftis.
POMEGRANATES BANANAS, PECANS and GRAPE VrNES. Fin:.rada grown, of well known
varhmtle f, tlndu t. tbe .,u-ted to the oil and clinimate of Florida.
ndl fo.ra hcaltalogue to o" 0. R. THAC(HER,.Manager.
S San Mateo, Fla.


The Leading Varieties or Orange, Lemon and Peach Trees.

W ihiti Din Navel Oranges a .-pe,.-'lv. The New Orange, "EVERBEARtNG." Oriure
every inunin tI- ie year. Peen-t-.. Bidwe, Ppllas adrl Honey Pea, lies. A large t.:,cei ffet er-
and ".iner rrtdeties fr Jaian Pluma, min.-diug the "BLOOI PLUM OF SA.TSI'MA" and the-
-EARLY SWVEET PLUM." Tue ew ,t Jap-,nee Or.inge, Unehiu and C.nriaon. Hylrid,i WhLte
A.dri nc ain1 Foundling Figs, Pear. PreianimonE, Grapes, etc. A large stock of Shade. Avenue
and irn'nimc-ntti rre-. Roas;-, Vinecs. ete. .
Send if.r IlUuttrted Cau:ilogue. containing, besides 6iffabove, desicrptions of allthieold and a
neat luany newrc irin .il ornamental trees adapted to Fh,.rda. -.
Altamonte, Orange County, Florida.

F_ The following" words, In praise of DR. PTEnc.'s F.vo'rFT PREscnrIPONr as a remedy for those delicate diseases and weak-
n esses peculJarf t) women, must be of interest to every E.uff.rer from such maladies. They are fair samples of the sp00 otan..U.
; expressions with which thousands g-ive utterance to their sense of gratitude for mae inestimable boon of health whicb has been
d restored to them by tht use of this world-faimed medic.ne.
JOE E. SEOAft, Of MillmbpckTa._ writes: Mrs. SOPEHA F. BOsw'L IT'hile O tags,O.,
| JONE. SEO.u. Of 3 ,.h',re., writes: IuC/ AUIIV 1ites: "I took eleven bortles of your 'Fa-
d I n "My wife had been suffenng for two or tre ITHREW AWAY te Prser.ption' and one-botte of your
i, | I v-3 I years with female weakness, and had paid Pelt-.' I am doing my work, and have been
I ,. I. out on, hu:'tdrr-d dollars to ,pby-.Yians w.th- n for -me time. I hre had employ help r
d THROWN AWAY. bl'. She tonA Dr. Pem e'' rtie SDDnRT abiut, st-teen years before I commenced ra-
SPrescription and it did her more good than UPPORTER. ing your medic ne. I have bad to wear a
te- all met medicine given to her by the p. s- I supporter most of the time; this I have laid
e cians during the three years they and been practicing upon her." aside, and feel as well as I ever did."
?Mrs. GEOROana HainGt.P of West'l,:Ad da. "Y.,
Is IT. writes: I was a great sufferer from leucor- Mrs. t AY GLEASON, of Nunica, Ottawa Co.
t THE GREATEST rheas, bearing-dowrs pains, and pain cont- IT WORKS i'ch., writes: -our Favorie Prescription'
e ualy across may back. Three bottLes of yoc.r .has worked wonders in my.case.
I LEARTHLY BON. iFavo.ritePrecription' restored me to per- I WODERS. Again she writes: aving taken several bot-
,* | "Y D feet health. I treated w;th Dr. for I *un,. t les of the 'Favorite Prescription' t have re-
e' v nine months, without receivtring any benefit. gained' my. health wonderfully, to the astonish-
)r The Favorite Prescription I the greatest earthly boon to usa ent of myself andu edti Ican my now.e on my feet all da,
,t poor suffering women." atendog tothe dutes of my household.

S Many times women call on there family physicians, suffering, .as they imagine, one from dyippsialan other from heart disease,
- -an-ther from liver or kidney disease, another from nervous exHausuon cr prostratlon another with paulnhere or there, and n
e this way they all present aluie to themselves and their easy-going and different, or over-busy doctor,aseparate and distinct diseases,
I for which he prescribes his pills and potions. assuming .them to .be such, when.in reality, they are all onsimptos' caused bysome
k womb disorder. The physician. ignorant of the cause of suffering, encourages his practice unril large b.Uls are made. The suffering
patient gets no better, but probably worse by reason of the delay, wrong treatment and'onsequent compllcations..A proper medicine,-
, ke Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, diri,ctd to the rau.ic would have entirely removed, the disease, thereby-dispeing. all those,,
s,, distressing symptoms, and instituting comfort, instead of prolonged misery. : -; : .
w Mrs. E. F. MoREAu, of No. 71 Lexington St. A 'llarvelous Cure,- Mrs. G. F.1iSpPRaou,
o 13 PHYSICIANSI Eas Bostm, Maea., says: "'Five years ago I JlEAUS I of Crytal., Mich., writes:, "I was troubled with
i F AILED, was a dreadful sufferer from uterind'rroubles. '"" I .female wealmkness, Jeucorrhea ind falling of the
y -I FILED Having exhausted the skill of three phy-. .InnTnne womb for seven years, 8o I had to keep my bed'
Sf FIL., sicians. I was completely discouraged, and so DOIUo. for a good part-of the -time.- I doctored .with an,
t weak [L could with difficulty cross the room 'riy of different physicians, and.ent large sums
alone. I began' taking Dr. Pierce's Fatorite Prescription and of 'ind'oey, but received 'no" lhting benetlt. At tdt my husband
using the local treatment recommended in his 'Common Sense persuaded me to try your medicnes, which I was loath to dod
Medical Adviser.' I commenced .to Improve at once. In.three because I was prejudiced against- them,- and .the-doctors sail
months I was perfectly cured, and have hve had no trouble since. I. they would do me no good. I finally told my husband that if
wrote a letter to my family paper, briefly mentioning how my he would get me -some of ybur medicines, I would try them
r health bad been restored, andofftering to send the full particulars against the advice of my physlcian; He got me six bottles of the
to any one writing me for them, .ancad enclosing a stamrd-,n- 'Favorite Preasoription, also six bottles of the -Discovery,' for
S elope for reply.. I have received, over four hundred letters. ten dollars. Took. three bottles of 'Discovery' and four of. -
e In reply, I' have described my case and the treatment used, Favorit6 Prescription,' and I have been a sound woman for four
g and have earnestly adiased them to 'do likewise.' From a great years. I then' yve. tfd-balahnc'of the medicine to m sister, who
many I have received second letters of thanks. stating that they. was troubledL .9'the isamraway and she cured- herself In a short
bad commenced the use of Favorite Prescripti don,' had sent the time. I have' not had to. take .any medicine._now for almost.
$- $1.50 required for the 'Medical Adviser,' and had applied the four'years." -, -
e local treatment so fully and plainly laid down therein, and were ,.- 7 > "..
much betteraalready." ... t -'
. The treat meant of iany thousands of cae cues nauea,weaesof aavrite Pres-Ion
' of those caronio weaknesses and distressing gesuon, bloating, adu. e ueg.. l_ ..-a
1- almenta peculiar to temales, at the Invaids' As a '-poi^. '.ist-'_. b..fsu.
0 Hotel ard Surgical lntitdte. Buffalo, N.IYt4 nervi.eI ,.FaVorlte.u -.on"tto rtffialt, 4
,d has -afforded a 'tast'extberiencertn nWcely. equdei ant'lr.A able
n adapting, and thoroughly tsaring -remedies -subd uinneg ...tP!it lr^lc
n for.the cureof woman's pecullarmaladies. eihansiAti tro 'bo _
i, Dr. Pierce's Favorite Presacrption atid oeh,l strelg e.u ,
; I the outgrowth, o' result, of' this geat, .copmny. at ndpt .
- -' and ;valuable,'experience. Phousandst of orandsa&. I0- 0 e 0ile.sWPM
a-, testimonials, received .from ,patient and aTreshlngsloea'andei'd ev lenw l cm
S from physicians who have tested.it in the Ies oand despondeneftn -i .s 'ir-e I'_' '_Id l.. ,
Li' more aggravated and obstinate oases which. r. Flercel.re p u0Tf iDr t -0l
e had .ba ed their skill, prove it to be the I1 a legitimate, eI .- L 'ro.,
.. most wonderful-,remedy eyer, devised for compnoundedMrai' e --iend-a lui.lsl *--
S the'rellef and cureof sufferingwomen. i Ii. phvysicla ann adaptito womam'dltIa,. tB-n-%,df
as a most perfect Specific for. womn, ,;t compoti.. yt. 'a.d ,ii(Vh ..les..h- it- -em ,
'.. pec ia r a p mo w a .In. ;f" r._it *$'. ' '" any on. .. o -'" r- S]|.e "a oth'" ,t ,mnoc.-
Bra' P owre r atng'p tonl "FavOriteJ Precrptpipt'Pfiatofi-a.' MM& fortt
' "antd.- the uterus. or womb and-fts ap- obstdnatp cqse ofj.(qor.heahor. "whl.'F7 _ma ufacturers, .hs t.wlll..n.l-n0 .
S,,pendage. -in particular.- For,.overworked. ex.ces.teowno.g.aor loa$ ,. r,

- '. o shop-grlzs" housekeeiadnsira nn o. ter.th g t.apTaku 'a.5 --a o, b

r- oe "r-een, bri -wndiebualledNS-an, of the.. womW'- a"ofl tp' .i -
"x *i.-romotesdlges11otand.asaimlat6nioptd, te'na" beati".'" -Q.f'tmls.... .-- fs .L --, ,',, ...
e I.e Addaes riWORliDS PENSAT 'iC AL'AS0 -I"T """.,o %:.-- I'0s-seHYsor'a :,- -
S- .- '-- --. .. -I .R ., .-.. .D aO ..
S- ,. .: -. : .' .- -". .- -r t .'-'- -_-'- -
and-. -,- .i --" ".. .. .- -., -.. ,-.X,-'.'. .
P pierce' a F avorite .. -o' -'O n" ,- - -.. ._- .
W ; ...0-. --. '- -"-- -,-' '.
_- ~ ~ ~ ~ W) -.8;: .';,-,!.=._*...... "-"'-:... N84LR0- .:-A= ,AMAT ,_60,'''.; ,.W" 4I'~


20 West Bay Street. Jacksonville. Flit.


A.B. Ca mpbell,

Weber Pi, ..'Hahes P,n.', v..e Piani s.
M.-o rt-i Pinn', C l...li t P warrenn Organs
WVI..?x & Wnite _i'rgins, Peluiir.,t Standlard
Swill sell and d(aver at your nearct station
High Grade

l. NS

-- -- ." : i ;- .-7:7 q .. "' . :"

. -- : It

*** -, -

-4^ '- .


4anqif JS1i~twll~M*


SApproved Methods of Making Cider Vine-
gar in Both Large and Small Quanti-
Sties-How to Prepare and Pack Poultry
Destined for Distant Mdrkets.
The season is at hand when poultry may
be. safely packed for sending to distant
markets in a dressed state; a few words of
advice on the subject will therefore be
Sopportune to many readers.

Fi'- 1-pr-AKtt-c PuIt.ir.Y.
To I.egini wvith, ltt ail pouliiy faSt twelve
houits previous to killing it. to insure
--empty cr,:ps As the highest prices-are,
other things being tqual, pati f,:or diy-
picked pciiltry, it .Oe- -h ii t 'ayntc thit
it pays to pick it dry. lb p -ictinetie
birds be sur: and remove all tie Jin
feathers, as any left in.give an-untidy ap-
pearance that- -.-;es izrainst the ,uc6essful
marketing of the hubrd-- The ,ezt time to'
pick poultry.v. without scaL.linJg it is while
the birds are warm .
As some markets- .require the fowls to:
be "drawn," whtic others prefer them
with the citrails tUndiSturteil. each sldp-
per ought to a',-h, e hinii.if of the re-'-
quirements of his own market. As a rule,
NewYorlk -h. Philadelphia ditealers prefer
-dressed puitry that has the feathers only
removed; head,:feet and ..entrails -remain.
Boston, Baltim-ore -ad Chicago- niarkets
require that the fowls be "drawn. ' Some
markets-as' Chieago, for' instance-give
preference. to- dressed poultry-: that hlas
been relieved of the heads-and which has'
the skin drawn up and nritatiy tiel over the
Do not pack the bird-i fort ran pertata ion
until they are q'ite cold. In v- i a .u'ther
-poultry is so)i-tinmei hipp., in cle.in
boxes or barrels, without any packing-
material; but the usual plan is to plact
layers of long, clean straw h.t weeu eac h
layer of birds. -Rye, straw .-ill I.e fotiund
goo, fo:r the putii.'s.:. Be-in with c,'ver-
ih it., i.-,'jttoum of the hi.sx with a layer :ot
straw N,.,%.- pick unp a fowl, bLerd the
head under and tI: one -idoe f the 'recatI
bone, a ii -1 y it down flat on its .nre-,-_it,
back up, Lthe b-:C. extended straight out
libhitd, a. sh,,ira- in Fit-. 1. L-ty the first
bitd in the i.,ft hand c. i)rner. With this:
beginning, Lty A 'ro .-acr&s the -',x :t.ne
ri.ht, and pacK close, -.row biiro. ,until
only one row is 'letf.; h,-.n reverse'-.the
heads, larila them ne:.:t the -t1er cud r
the liox, the te-t tiinJ,:r tihe prc iius r:w.
of ieads. If th- i) a p.(ice left i.,:t t,:n
the tiVo lhtst iinws put in wth.tt iLrds wi7l
Tit i.-Jeways. F:',. 2 iitu-utratEs the rfan-
nitr uf p.tL'.ing in the bo:,x Pak -ti,-w
eni; 'etwu-.n bthe layer -,i th'it the
i .: ,w ci''nn,:t t,.,ic'i, and so priced until
the box .s completely -ilied.

FiGt. 2-JATKhiG Eimrt-LIRY.
The St:oci:man, which recommends the
.above n,.-th, di. add.s the foliov,,ing very
sernsible di; advice i'ce that if followed
wLU l ave both stilpperandl cionsi'nee muit,
annoyance ad'trouble: Having securely
nailed down the cover of the box mark
thereon the name o:r initials of the packer,
the number ..f fn,-Is and the variety; also
mark on. in legrile letters, the full name
of thi'- per',Otn or irm tc: wliom the box
and its ,ontnuts ire consigned, with street
and numbh-r. 'ihe rtceitver wdl know at.
a glance what the box co:,ntains, and does
not have to unpa.:k and handtile its con-
tents to find ount.

Vinegar Making.
Vinegar y-.i, h easily made from many
different substanaces, blint in a country.
abotindin in iipples there ni no excuse for
making, it for dimnestitc use from anything
but the best Pure ci.itr \-inetar is 'i.iU
though not quicidy made by the nar'-al
proce-i aid when thus made is heaithfiul
anti free frLini' all -the objectiods r5ttabhed
to the mrianalt-iured 'irricele and never
disapp',ints the nouLekeeper by decener-
at-ing to insipidity o0 earinn up her pickles
with extreme acidityv. --hen rm.ide in
large qluantittes the making Ie-ins'a-i soon
as enough ,appits ha.e fallen t,to i'uinish
Sa supply These- alre grounTd in tue'c ider
mill-Ias tf:,r.cier i .nd d .nmary' Pe presech t at
once", bunt a t'ett-r'a'y'is to ke'p the
pomace in large vats or a-sk- tt remitain
until it has become quite '_our, ub.7tn the
cider is pi'esed .':-nt and i iain put-intuo the
vats *.r ca.isks to be. kept here unt-d it is
we'll settled, then tieiclearhi.--r isdrawn
off into barrels.n,-. quite full. .
These barrels-. .houl't be kept, in the sun,
cov-ered with ,il.ose I'd'ards.to protect themL"
unD.i cold weat-her, when--the; are re-
moved to the.v-tich:agr ftbus'e,'*'whch must
have a stove tok-:ep it warm in the win-
tert, amd thus hasten the process.
The barrels ought to be iron hooped and.
painted. as. it _isdesirable though not in-
dispensable, to, expose them to the sun in
the warm autumn darys, and for lar-e
-operators-a-.vmegar, houf Ls an. cxt.iUent
thing; But, many keep their sour-eider in
cellars or barns until spring, when it is
again expc.ed.oto the sun andla' ircniamnon
of air,, foruacehlaar is frdti.h g6.d .aEacetfor
making vinegar.- The. bung.tioles should.
be -covered-wi th,-mnsquitobnet.--or anrthlng
that .will ke'ep.nt.a.lias wuhput shutt'ngg
off 'thel a nu .-tfh.ig bungsa must -notnbb'e
u-'sed.except te-m'porarlo-u.ntil- the, nviseggr?.
I4 entirely made .for...w.ithipfroper-.treat_
m ,ieat it yvill conrnans toc grow.;stronger-
nntil three years1=olk4 '--:- --72'a-"-' -'.
- ..* The Ioss [bv. evaporation and leakage is
_- -- -- = --- -- -" .- '


from a fourth t6 a third of the whole
quantity; but as a compensation, pure
cider vinegar, two and three years old,
will bear an addition of rain water some-
times equal to the loss and still be strong
enough to meet all requirements. Indeed,
the dilution with water is generally neces-
sary to some degree, as in many cases the
old vinegar is too .acid to be agreeable,
and the cider in the first stages of making
is often slow in turning to the acid state
on account of an-, excess of saccharine
matter, Which is corrected by a proper
addition of soft water.
The natural process may be hastened
by occasionally turning the cider out of
one barrel into another, exposing it more
fully to the air, also by the addition of a
gallon of strong vinegar to each barrel,
and sometimes trickling it down through
beach chips or shavings is practiced for a,
more rapid making, but people who have
large orchards and make large quantities
never resort to any of the questionable
methods sometimes used by manufacturers
for making what they call ci6.,r vinegar
quickly; Ltim are content to w.-lit on the
natural process, anti ILnd their compensa-
tion in the higher value placed on their
products by their customers.
Families without-cider mills and witlj
but few apples may make their own vine-
gar by mashing the apples in a tub witl'
a pounder and putting the pomace in a
half barrel with holes in the bottom and
pli.-cel i-ver another tub as a receiver;
with a follower -on the pomace' to 'be
pressed down by a lever or stationary
weights placed on it,-and thus pressing
out the cider, whiic:h -bould be kept, in a
keg with open bung in a Iv-rnt plaektntil
the vinegar.is made. After that a supply
is easily keptiup by occasionally manshing
some apples,-and putting them in a stone
aj.r covered with water, into which aplte
parings cm -abiobe throiwn or any soured
fruits oor berr.ie, which if kept covered in
a warm place will soon -become sour and
can be used -to replruish the vinegar keg.
A housekeep u ot f.,rty years say-s the best
place for the inmidy vinc-ar keg is the
garret, and that the warm, srdtry air
near the roof will turn cider to vinegar in
a short time.
SThe dellar'is not' fg:.oi{,ila-1 6 to ke1:
vinegar in unle", for a short tiue in e.x-
tremely cold weather, for wuirmth and
exposure to a dry atmosphere are essen-
tils n in naking vinem-ar.

Strain of thle holderr inu ]tO6es.
Strain ot the- shoulder, very truly says
Pri-fe.-e.:r Rich in his-,., wrk inu artistic
hit-e shi e_'.., ia. generally ;t cloak for the
ignor:in>i: tt the CroOm or other attendant
upon t'ri li':,lr; E It is, iii fact. a very rare
accident, thoiuiU otteniytSiened as a caiusen
for laumtutS' which i .reall' in the teet,
leso r kne-, It is an iniatouji'ition of
,inme of T he muscles of .Ilhe s,.:i 'led ,,fol-
I,:wirit iol-ent strain, and generally (con-
lined to:. the serratus muscle, witchb sbngs
ti-e b:,d, t he shoulder blade, fand'bwich
u -n'tti-lue'i strained in c oming dt.:,wu
frim a tigh !-ap, ,tic Tne yn, i-.t,:msa-re
a dragp-i"!,i :' the toe .in th. tIalk,i with
defit-e.iv:, -:,t a-trina od the triit iTnt a' dhrtop
of the he,,t, while thle afflectei le-- is being
ec-te.lndel, anl nuot while it i- '-:an the
troiud; t'er-e, '-hen hiulder iameiess is
ri'tk,?ni l''-r toot ]imines-, the _r-:m is
apt ti hIi_ thi' blame on to:. the r-i,:ong
fte:t It Luwti, also he idistingiLhutd by
l.yin;a hii.I. o- tie affected. i.-n and draw-
in- the wihl to-cther with the citthitler
frt'war., when, if the matterr i-; ,Iffecte-d,
the h-:ice w-ii give evidlenceof pain, which
Lie will not dO if the foot or' leg is the eataat
,'of the miehiefe ... .
The treatment tor shoulder lameness
lies in ret, bleeding, purging, cooling
b.is, tith otre, etc. A c,,oling diet of
green neat v-dl also 1lie needful, an'l all
the corn iiild i:be tfIke-n awiv.y. After all
the heat has diss;pearedil the horse may
l.e turned i 'oose into a box, and in another
fortnight he may be wvalkeid ut with a
leading rein; but it should he twio or three
months before he ii again mounted.

Bran on the Farm.
Professor Brown, oF the Ontalrio Agri-
cultural c",lleae at Gnelph, Can recently
summed up the usefulness of bran to
farmers, after haring carefully considered
its chemical coM position:
1. Bran is a concentrated food, which,
though variable in composition, possesses
high nutritive value.
?. Roller process bran Is, on the aver-
age, richer than old process bran.
3. Its excess of aoh or mineral matters
eminently fits it for bone building in
growing animals, and for supplementing
the lack of- mineral matters in roots.
4. Its chemical comAposition points to
the conclusion that it is somewhat better
tdlaptr,l to the teormation of fat and pro-
duction of heat than to the formation of
muscle or of milk.
5. Both its chemical composition and its
.physical form adapt it admirably as a
supplementary. food to bie.used in connec-
tion with poor and bulky.fodder, such as
straw and roots.
".. .-'Ho" to Tie. a Bag. "
The illustration here given shows a
form of hag tie which, a-ccording to The
American Auri' -uitur1-t, effectually pre-
vents av shipping if properly adjusted.

Take,any- strong cord -about, elgbtten
inches long and "doiible it as herewith
testown, piassind the etids through, making
a -loop-around- .the-month of the hag.
.Now pull as'tihtly-as you can;:then take
an end of the stin iea~ch bn n~ul
,again in., an opposite' drecrion';.; pass ,the.
string completely around, make a knot-
;abd~donblt(. or single bow knot, and "the
'.work. Is done. A very little, experience
I.will~imake one -expei-t and h.le ;cap.tlinn
guarantee the bag not to come advied.-7 -:

'. Iies-i~e that-over ,8,000'Ihead 61
rt~'-Btfff'ben~sau t~eedin Chicago in
1 he ^eiforts of~thte Illlnois-.llys stock com-
rd siidioerstg ?fltamiii out pleuro-pneumo-
nia In that state. -i -...

*m4l ^eadingf.



Author of "-Shepherds All andi Maidens Fair,"
"By Celia's Arbor," "The C olden Butterfly,"
eta.n etc. '

For two days I sat at home or walked
about the Holmbush fields brooding. The
Dancing Polly was gone; she was the
prize of the revenue people. They had
not taken my little boat. I might, as of
old, put out to sea and dream no longer
of'the future, bdt of the golden past, on
the gentle ,,,o-ur, .,f the chanriel Ant il r
cuo.ire tht.re vi.as the Chace 3Matry which
wis no p,,', to me '-',
Fottvt.ei.it iibnits' struggle Ih r-ut h the
depths :,f -i--rf.-i' brought me toethe goal'
of resignation which all'women after : uct
mental coiflidts reach. Then I began to
look about for some way of passing the-
.tim e. -.
Isaac AiLtLs anti his wife would carry on
the farm. Tihi produceof the farmni-it
was not very much-would suffice to keep
him, his wife and myself. --That I: soon
argued out tin..t -epresented to..the old la-.
brrer, who .-is hard of comprehensi,.,n,
but managed to uudertFtaud at. length that
he was to be sole reiponpusible miaiager for
three ye)urs.
This setti-1. I began to think ahtibut the
viry remnir'kaile and rapid clearaiuce of
i Of ourse, it must have bee-n Joshua
wb:oisu step I heard in the bay; it rust
have been, J,.--hiia c''ome down ,to lendl a
Land; it m'll1ust bhive been Joshua uvho
cleared the hold; no ine else could have
'done it.
Where h.id he put the cargo-'
Tho arre-st tok place at 4 in the morn-
ing. WL1iS the revcnu-i men came back to5
look for thetr. prize, it -must hfve been
past "8. Four houi-s to move fifty or
sixty kegs of brandy, each holding four
pali-jnsoi'rso -.. -:... ;.-- : -: .-.
For one man, single-handed, .that is a
heavy jcb. It woudii not he possible to
carry the keas very far.
Now, n-e bad half a dozen places known
only to cnriselvtij-in which we coidd stow
our merchante. They wivere scattered
about in thie .Unt.lercliff. Some were a
good half-unit- froni the lbay, one or two
quit-e close. Joshua, I thought, would
take the-net-arest ot all. This was a place
lying. quite close to the path from the
.bay to the f'rm. To reach ir you.-c ram-
ble overir a sloping, ledge tf loose stones,
and you passed Ity whit seemed to be a
tanledl heap ,ot L.rrnblics. If you got to
the back .of the bushes you saw that they
cov.ured -ver a nlii.ural hollow, a sort of
punch b,,iwl, wbhi:h Ioie the luost aId-
rmiranble te ]ual ini th ti_ '-,-,ori., -1.ptcially in
sulmmer whenl t.he leaves wre ihbick.
I went straight to the :spot nhd pulled
aside tih lr.iinlh0.. Below me, to, my
great joy I tihctvered the whole ot the
Dane ting P.,liy's last riun.
Joshuai hia, pit it t.heLetre-creful JotshujlI
He had ni-t veiiueiled yet to s-eLl any of it.
-prii'.lent .it.-siui Nl No doubt he would
ticcuntit to Dan onL his rt:tuirn for his 'hare
ut the iiiiey--IrLhtecun- Jtothiia
Anyhtw, whether Josiia tdidit this thing
with a vi.-ew t-,. his own interest only, or
rnit, it was priiclUly dotje, an'. nell done.
Womanlike, I had found a s.-crect, and I
rejoiced Who could have laid thlie infor-
,att:,on, No one i.utt ca selves-of v.-hom
Joshua was one-knew. Now, much as I
dreaded the mrni, for his vi:.lenc ? and mae-
terftine-s, I never for- oneu moment sits-
pected Joshua of this voilainy.
The daty atter I n.ade this discovery,
there came to Rousdon bay the young fel-
hlow belonging to, Capt. Polarid's com-
pany, of whom I have ab-eady spoken-
John Beer.
He was a good natured lad, and had
never ceased to regret the part he played
in the case. He found me sitting in the
porch looking sadly out to sea, and he sat
down, kindly saying nothing for awhile.
That was good of him.
"Wbhat. is it you want witlh me, John
"Nothing," he said.
Then there wias no need for me to say
anything, so I went oni with my mredita-
tion-s, wvii,:h were gloomy eiio.ugh.
."The ciait.iti di -syI," he prresently
trent on, "he did say that, I miatit tome
over here and tind out something about
the cargo, if I could; and he did say, too,
that he hoped you wtddn't. tret and
--izzle, beeanse there's more comes back
than you'di think,-and it is only for three
years. Lord! what's three years to a
chap. Next dour to nothing-and good
fuin atill the true knocking over the French-
,nien ie riii.-e'iiiiu."
I made nlt reply.
"Ab.nti the cargo, Pleassance. It's a.
s,.l loss to us, is thri t brindy !"
"Yes," I said; "I tam very glad, you
lia-,n't got it "
"Of clunrse you know where it ts," he
w.nir. on, with a mreatiig a smile "Every-
hi,,v knowti that iyoui nwre in all tha- se-
Icrets. The cipttimn I, stys that if you
weren't the prettiest girl in aeli Dorset-
thire he',lhavet put you in thedok along-
si:te o01 tie rest.."
t:" "If Ithde'f know wh,'.re it. is," I said, "I
ahouild riot tell vou. Look for'it and find
&i't if gun ..rWti "., u" ', _- .
"'Who ,tuld have taken it-' There was
only uii'c man wnho knew about the run-
him as gavo the iuformation; because I
heard him tell the captain ctt. Bot even.
he wn-told not have dared, after "girng
that information "
-"Who was it gave the information" l
sprang to my feet-. all trembling with ex-
'- btemeaft. "Who was it told yoen' .
"T-hat," said the man, "is a secret."
"Tell me', John Beer, tell me. Oh, if I[
-only knew I .. .. -'..
"'I. wt.riu-ler- what .you would dctvde to
know, Pleasance?"..
"How cau I'tell?" -,
-;. 'It "W -s a mearn.and sneaking thagdto
-do,""said'the,rmhn. '"I leatrditac.ci.dent-
kll&': I-'was-sentry "op duty.: -The cap-
taih's 'window-was' opei; iadd'Ilihtened,
The captnln.andlbim, tf-eythnk 'no oned

knows. I was in the front of the house,; bulin I, he would build it.up again; but
where the flagstaff is; he come in from that.would not give me bark Dan, andthe
the back, so as no one should -'see. But boys, and\Will and the Daicintg Polly. He
the windowwas open, and I both, heard could repair Lny mihrbief I c.tald.i '1c, him.
and seen him." Even if-I j whispered it round in Lyme
"Tell me,: John Beer, tell me! Oh, Regis that he was the informer, he would
what can I give to make you tell me?". deny :r, and I Lad no proof because John
He reflected, with-a strain his mouth. Beer was l,,.itii to silence. What then
"Therewas fiftykegs, if there was one," could I do? .
he murmured. "Take- itVLy theiipr.iuin's Inthe evening-, still brotdiL4. over the
share, itis a matter ,f the-e oiiiu;iiias a revenge I was lto take, I grew resii':-, ni-,.I
head. If I had a couple of them kegs''- walkedcver the ticlds to the nru itif.t
"',.-u ljii, John, you shall; I'll give It ra a bright night; the valleys which
them to you at once stretch inAiwa- irhini Lvme lvla ril bathed
."And et it', a risk. Suppose the cap- in a i '.',itifni ru'nillbht: u-v.rStliinrif was
tain was to find out?"' ...i -.t .cfnl iInt quiet, except the heart
"How can he find out?" of the i6l1 who went alon:- the
"Why, girls talk wild. You'd be In a lnely way. Site iet tio o1e, she- aw
tairable rage, you would, Pleasance, if nothing; her siil wras fCll :Uif on itextin-
,,':' ly ;rl i.-v. It's the iibe.at -it, .-ie'k- I iiih alhuble rav'ing lor vi;ngtan,:e; she was
itn,.-i rthLiu,n- ever done-thfit' bhit liik,' a tie a bereft of her cubs.
it is.'" 'T, in lli stoodI alone n ILt it eld, silent,
"If you will only tell me, I will never niil bei-ked i-y the t lnck depiha *:.f it,
let out toa single creature how I got to 1.-ilws an'l the woods. The trop ,pof the
know. .Tcell w'.i''.r'h. o. ., l.'i- wheel conl l be made lout -turtnirng
I`iWy, theiilif .it's -all right-about them rl'.nr agi-i3st the sky. Beneath it poured
two kegs, and you won't never let out the waters of the ]eat, which in the day-
-b'hh told yol-.ti ,,hi'loit-iieriii lni ht a tir..e worked tile whileel.
ni-an unitl sn, .- ki- g tIIun itg vtris to',.:,- i I -_t:Ile like a shadow through the or-
why, I I,,.'t Lind teilih y,,Ou. It lt n'o rIhih..l; ;,on the oth@r side, away from the
--other-l-h u_,-J-,slituu-Meih himself!'" mrill, tas a LUnney, or penthouciS, were
S I stared at iil. inc-rredulois. The thing Jshua's wagon was kept. I stit down
ias tl',.,.iil'Ileh. eb n the broad whi-hel of the wagon, trying
....- ,> .... 0 t put 'my -lisordered thotit hts into
-'-.'-^--'- .-r', soE:me sort of -hape I hungered for re-
S |" 1 verl rae; I' I:,naed to make him stiffer. I
'i-',l'. a hdi ci -me here to feel near to the ma' on
f vS I whom I wang going to work, rev.nge:
-K i It, e was On the other side of thie wall;.I
SS thought He was chuckling,- no doubt,
Stover the end of my love story-laughing
Sito think that my lover was servingbefore
1 the-mast oin one of his- maie'ty's ships
"-L I for threu long years.- Oh, .villain!
?' ~ ;'BIt was something to bie utear him, to feel
S- that *ne. could even -kill him if one had
the strength-h tat.alone was wanting;.to-
I think-that close to-him one could execurte.
Whatever the. mind could conceive.. .
Sii Presently, as I 'listened, I -heard-voices.
Som | Stme.one -was with him then. IDereps
from the pent1 house and stepped' lightly
i -over the .narrow flowei.d bedl which stood
p-- y ( i I beneath the window. The -,hutter was
F ~ -._. -- tloinyl, but.onekuewwhat sort ofnisbut-
.- *.. tewould1dbe that of Joshua's cottac e at
"It was no-other--thanJoshua--M eieoh' themill.M- In fact, it was nuot eveiin alfiTred,
"' himself." 4 nnd there was a htole In it, through which
'"I teU you" repeated John Beer, "1 I aw what was going on The visitor
seen bini. It wits the evenmn before and wae otur olrd friend Mr. Mailiockl;, justice of
at 9i ,'citk i the peace. and he was, talking in his mag-
Nine o'cl,,ekl Th,-n he miist have gone istertal way. '-; '
-yraitht awy ti. vi-re the if...'rm:tion | "Quite a providence, Joshua"-he
afterteUlling me that whatever lni-,pen..d h bg,.aed hid head till ,his';purle cheeks
I wa' to bltme. j ihook and n-ahhbbled-'"that you were able
"The wimdow was open. Th'.. captain to rescue tb, rcaro Quite a pro,,idence.-
was readliij I by the licht of F p-ir ,-f -aun- At one t;me I thb.uht I should be able to
dies. I heard steps at the lI.,- tt the imis the 'charge, out, it was impossible.
ho-use crunching- ttie gravel. Tuthn I Po:,r old Danl- P.or boys IWho was the
beard a- knock at the captain'ss dotr. rili," that itfored"' ..
I.-.kEi.J in at the window,- L.eiAn -.) placed '.I wish w,:-.knew, sir." .;
nI the dIark that I coulId do that wt-hout be- 't I wish we did,.wirb all my heart. He.
ih,- sten Ati- I1 saw Jo-hua Mi-ech him- :1-ould get a warm reception at Lyme, .I
-rf- op'n- the door anti wi,Lk in T hen 'I 'romirLse LLt.n so.much. However-three
knew that tbere was inicehie-t hbt.n-g." yVD" eart i iS a, tot time. Yc'i nuity send
''Pleasince'" he went onil, after a pa.hie, r oe, ,JosiIIa, at .theoldc price--h--twenty
,luring which he ,'.'prdl with in.iin[rt;.-.n; kes-ye-, I think I had letter secure
'"I kne-w that there was vs i At-.' And] I vbat I cau ft-. Twenty kegs. D-ar remel
wI-h I'd hriveC put iy carbine at rhatt open They ctanl, t.- teltt-torrOw Lto.:riO- in dour
witid,,;v iun.l l-t .hi hArve the charg,e in bitcksL. I will. ,tgy for them now."
his f*re, the-sc':',nlell There was a Lirealt counting out of
L'Capt P,:.llari,' he says, lookin_ more money, on int.: t rile. When Joshua was
like ta devil than a bunian mian, Let al.:ne' sat.-d thad t it was all right, he put it up
Dun Gtl-eir'"- nephew, I've come, to layiv in a lttie ag., it',l promised to bring the
informt.,a.' bratindy nE-xt, ni' ili
'Whyl' crits t.Lhe captain. 'liforma- ,'ll'hr the- worthy instice of the perce re-
tion fr.,, y'u, Jo'bhua lMeech? Dick Tur- ttr ia. I sbppai, i.sck to my place ,:.f con-
pin will be l.-aying iltfrematior, next Or :celImcnt, wh.-. lo.hua afcc.omp:.iniedi his
perhaps Dan Gaildver.' visittoIr I.:, their .:,r, with manyexpre.ssious
'I've .come to lay7 information, sir, 4'.f gratitutle for his custom and bis con-
against Dun Gulliver.' doleuces.
'ViYou Ai.;L Ait Dan Gtdlliver' What "Yon are very weklcome, Joshua, very
is the rutaeinnn of this. Why, man, you welcome," sii.1 ins w,:rship; "and as for
are his partier! tYou are his nephew -..!' that villa;n"--
'I'v, come to. lay informat,',b ,a!ninst He disappeared in the darkness, atrml
Din Gullnver,' repeated Joshua, iiith a mutter;ring hiat he would do, had he the
whLite far. I v-as hlter.dn all the while, power, to the scoundrel who spoiled an
3ou nii ie -.. Lire. honest WatL's trade.
'What doe it means" Have you quar- Jo.huai went. back, and I heard him bar
relied' the door, i,, that I knew he would have
":!Tit'.t does not matter to you,' he re- eo other visitls. .
plied, do^g-dily. 'I'm come with that Then I returned to my place and
inform aitrion. Will you take it or will you watched him again through the hole of
refu-e it If you do I must go to the mayor the shutter.
and lay it I.-fee. him.' He was rather pale, and his hand was
'Jo-shuar Meecb,' said the captain, shaking. No doubt he was thinking of
'you are a villain! You are a black, foul his villainy.
vdllain! Whether this is treachery or re- He i'ent to the cupboard in the wall
venge yon are a doublle distilled scouna- and dreiv out a bottle, containing, I knew
drel' well, some of poor Dan Gulliver's best. I
'Joishua IMeech rua,.le no reply. wished I could dash the boltie in his face
'I mudt take yourr information,' the as lie drank from a wine glass:
captain went on. 'It is my duty to take Tbo brandy gave him courage, I sup-
it and act upoh it. Most infiformers are po-e, for he lookediround him with a more
poor starring devils whoce nece-ssities assured anir. What he was saying to him-
make thnc-m nact the part of the spy. self, I beL.eve, was that no one knew except
You havr- not that ex.;use. Yc'ti are Capt. Pollard, and be certainly could not
bringing rnu upon your old nuc.l:-. the. tell. Nobody knew Why, w-ithin a
rman i.y whtm youiu have been l.-fri;eitdled short sLx feet of ,whcro he stood wasz the
and emribhed. It is rtvrenge, I 'tippo.c, for girl.he had.6so fo.uly wronged burning to
-ome patty quarrel. Butt.so(hl deiilili re- be .avon-ged. .
v.-nie I iiever bienrdl of be-tore. Go on He tied the bag of money which Mr.
with Yvie talc, i.A.lkzuar,:i. and villainl' lMallock bad left with him tightly, and
"Ai, -Pleiia:ice, yvoit all thcoulit at. tlhe talong a short, thick poker which stood
tr;lal tiai the c-iaptin tloriel in what lie beside the ahdirons, he- pricd up .the
hal 'lone. Don't you believe that no hearthstone. There .hbe deposited the bag
mor&. Only e had 'to do it. ou l:iicw-- and replaced the stone carefuilly-,'ttaking
it wa, _.-dliit. the precaution t.o sweep ashs overt' the
"Then l-J..huoli ihMercLh t.cl. how theo iun edges so as. to conceal the.fact'of its recent
ovter w:i t.i i. that viry ngiit, hc.w thie remotul. We at used' the hearthstocne'
Dauin-i Pll', wEIs aiready gone, and for ounr bank and we all wenlt thrbugb'h theb
how ite wl,:,ti retrn t lie next ighlt. .same forma.Uty of trying to hide the fact.
"Th..- cUi:tu;iti,[,,k it afill'd li) This done, he looked around him'again
*Is t.hj:,t til" hi-a-tedl. 'and sighed-with another thought of his
"fi.t'ha. is, till,' saidt J,:,.hiua. -villainy, I suppose-and seized the stone
.... r>:,-nf-o Do, [i.:.t brie-th,' the air of bottle whkh bc-ld the brandy. '" Ohe, two,
tlit, rot cried, stErting to hIs feet, 'Ihat suc- a Was ts.5Ins nightly cnstoidor was he
villaiin 'huld live in-'this' kingdom of seeking to'drown remorse? .Then he took
Entiiud and call himself my fellow the candle, opened the door which stood
countrnimau! Go!' at, the bottom of the stairs and stumbled
'"There Pleasance; now you know all." up to his bddroob. It'seemed.to tue that
Ye-; ibis was lls revenge. This was Joshua was likely to. sleep heavily after
his jilan to prevent me from marrying all that brandy,
Will. To make this impossible, or to defer I waited below, motionless, until the
it, he had the incredible baseness to saere- light; was extinguished. Then I began
rce his uncle and his cousins. Was i* cautiously to see if I could open the win-
potsible; could any one have believed that dow. The' shutter was not secured, as.I
a man could oe so wicked? said' before.' The wlndbw was rfpon
.I-sat.all that day meditating revenge,' hinges and opened Inward. It, was, a-
thinking in what way I could most injuie,- havy .window, consisting of small square
this man." One. wild plan" after .another( panes of thick glass set in lead. I lifted
suggested it.telf to me.' Iwould-'set flrie-tb the latch which fastened It by means of a
his md. 'I would secretly'"de6tro.tthe mall Lwig.' The window' fell open; I.
trees in his. orchard. L would' put a.stoe wya&ted for a mdmeut to see It .sh. a was.

More fodder corn has been'cut through-
out the west this fall than ever before. -
The effort to do away with the extra
charge for peach baskets has found almost
universal support in New York city 'dr
lug the past season;
SC'are or Newly Set Trees.
Professor Budd, of Iowa, advises the
mounding, in the fall of newly set trees
with earth for the first three years after
setting the orchard. It protects from tbe
possible barking of the stems by mice.and
helps materially to protect the tender
seedling roots in the first stages of gr6t"th .
and extension. In' the colder portiofis'o.f
north Iowa and' in. Dakota,--Mi-n6,tia.'
.and Manitoba it will pa' to 'niounid' the'-.
stems well up to'the braniehs fdr .the
first three years after setting. Itshdfld
never be forgotten that the newly set tree.
wiul hot endure the dry freezing of win.tr.
-as perfectly as it- will when it'has made .a- -
deep extension of root,; bhencet.tihe'm6tid:.
ink should never be omibted.' ''
Napoleon on English Society.' ,
The English appear to prefer the-bottle"
to the society of their ladies. Thljs'i illus-
trated. by disnJssing- the lacdiU- frOm'-he
table and remaining4for hours to drink
land intoxca.te.bthempelsV, I:fII. were- In
.England I'sb'old certainly lay0 the table
with the ladles. Were- I dn.:-ngliih.
woman I should feel vepy discontented at
being turned-on.t. by the meni to wait two
or three hours while they:.ae drinking.
-Napoleon. --
How Indians Poison T.'_g_'-' "
In some parts of California tibEitdla -"
gather a certain poisoucus -plant in largeL-' '
quantities and- throw it'*Ibto a po.oL0t.
,brook where they-know tbh.ee'Are .trou'Tc
Then-they vhip-the .iatBer.-with'branehes
unHl,.theJlice "tthdl-plant eudes.- Thi
*resultis'th1kt large number' troit be-
coniestnpe'flBed. rind come tdr 'tn6 fi snr -
whereFth-ey are easily: captfzread-lhia ..k .
^ P, ... -.. '- "" : "....- .

.. -. t C..- -. j .,-
" ** .a g e' .r .th a*,'-, a'.'on

, i-^ ^ ^ .. .. ., .
.., -. .: .. p-. .

L. L-..IC a-:.
"10.. :? 4 '

for myself at all, but just to deprive him.
of it. .
It was ioihing to me being without a
Ubliht in thie room. I knew exactly where
c-verythi- was. I first bolted the door of
the stitaei'e, That would secure me
pleut, ot time for escape, should Jo.shua
b,:- roi',:.-. Then I took the poker and
frict-oi in. the heaithstone cFiii', otiu.ly.
Feehni=- iL the: dark, I tI-i-covereil one, two,
terei--,-:,-tl L,'ti- all tied uip, and all
c.,-nt litnui r-.,ney. Now I was quite cer-
tat i, liern I laii! try hands upon the.--c
LAg.s, thait I wti not only to;nD to take
e:met: of Joshuna's money, but all oif it.
He kept li wbiole store-all tds -avings-
in thlt hidinnr, place. I eight, at this -
len_.th of tima, to feel ashamed at the
bl--eui.s of:. niy revenge-Out I cannot.
Thle i-.iang was, tO bitter, the vaillany was
sO unutterable, that I have only to think
of my o",n teeling- that niight, and I
justify myself at once. It wi idelleOtful
to aie t:, feel that I was taLkinjg the vi-hole
of his mot-,Vy. I hoped that its loss would
rtini liiii. When the ba,-; were all out, I
ci-ii--fiuily -iit back the le:'thsttone.
E.izhi bis-there were no more. I
ltid them altogether on the tai'le, felt in
thbedrawer for the ball c.f string, which
thlie ractical raind of Jos.hua made him
avia.-is keep there, and tied! the- all to-
ceth,-r, and attached about three Nards of
itig in.y which to hang them in their
plare. ,
There mu.t have been. A gooIl sum of
mnioney in the whole, because the bags
were pretty heavy to carry I dropped
them cautiously out of window, crept out-
side myself and carried away the bags.
The-great-undershot wheel of the mill
occupied, as we know already; one -end
of the ounildlng which formed both mill
and cottage-. It, stcid -there under a
board, sloping penthouse of heavy thatch
which maTuale- it dark in the brightest day.
Once, :,long before, when the wheel was
stopped for -ome repairs, I held .t injts
place nly a wooden spoke and amused
myself by climbing-to the top under thus
prujectins roif. It was a airl'-t trick,
and rather a dangerous one. I got no,
good, not even the nest which I expected
to find; but I sav- bidden away in the
darkness a great hook tuck in the wall.
What it v-as originally placed there for
I do uot know, but it was oo 1igh. 1p,
oi hidden i:v the whrel and the I-lack
shadows of rhe roof, that. it n-Ws quite
invisible from below'. Tat was the place
f.:;r my bag.- First I suiceeded by tyifing
a spoke cf th'e wheel to:, one of the b' teams
in the wiod work in keeping the wheel,
over which the water was no longer run-
niing, motionli-sE while I climbed Up.
Then I mounted the w-heel, which was
.now bike-a ladder, and clamihered up
three or four of the unrdershot buckets
till I coldil reach the wallclose under the
roof. Here I felt -about in 'the darElhess
till I found thile hoo:k, and th-u tyig-the
end of the string securely toit I'lbowered
the bags slowly into the black water 6e-
neath. I, heard above the noise, of the
fallnM water the splash of .the bags, I
felt them,toui-h:the bottom, and then with
a great,gladneis in my heart; thinking .of.
Jishua's race when he.shot'.l find o.ut
ls los-, I cautiously descended from the
perilous perch, untied the spoke and con-
sidered what to do nest.-- .,
The first teniptariocn-a childish one-
was to hurl 'tones at his bedroom win-
tldow, so as to awaken him and brung.him
doiw, butt.I abandoned that idea, as'han-
other and a more brilliaint.c.ne occtiurred"
to me.
i" a.' ,) u. nii i 1 ,td.)

MBanitoih.i'- cr,:i,' thi' year, say statisti-
cal reports, -..xcteii all estimates.
The hrp crop is larger than was antici-
pated, but not of extra quality,
The New York poultry show is an-
noumnced for Dec. 14-21.
The last estimate of the corn crop by
Statistician Dodge was 1,500,000,000
The government now estimates the
wheat crop at 4-50,000,000 bushels. -
A New York syndicate, it is told, will
shortly iunyest $100,000 in the culture ot
tobacco in Florida.

clubed to't me roomp.-.

N 't -t'; '-w
. ...'t d -wiiAfi--.T.-" -
1mt--,o, t .-r ...-. m o.e .
Wl W Vif& JK?^-*f'--S

roqsed aiid.then I c

;; - .= .-* :'
















S ii


/ a
'. .a
n '0n

i t:





?l'i* H*the crop. The varieties will be Sumatra, ti
1ar rut S ~-Vuelta Abajo, Oronoco and Havana. ex
If the experiment should prove success-' w
-ful the crop will doubtless be manufac-
State News in Brief. tared here. This is a vigorous move in st
-Dairy farmers are said to be very the right direction, and we trust the ex- sa
Dccesaful in Leon county. b ample will-not be entirely lost on our si
uccesful in Leon county, land owners.' Since writing the fore- an
-The Weekly Tarpon, of Tarpon going, we learn from Colonel Hanson n
spring, will soon be enlarged. that the name of the gentleman above vi
-A Jeffersom county farmer realized referred to is Mr. George E.-Brooker, pr
2,160 off of five acres of tobacco, and that he and the Colonel'are going a(
-The attendance at the State normal into the tobacco business on shares.- ir
school at DeFuniak is rapidly increasing. Bartrow Informant. cs
-The Le Conte pear trees of Jefferson MR*ISO N F f
county are loaded with a second crop MR. DISSTON IN FLORIDA. f
his year.
--The pineapple plants on the lower Prospects for Immigration andalp
ndian River are reported in excellent the Sugar Industry. af
condition. A party consisting of Mr. Hamilton tl
-Apalachicola's new oyster canning Disston, the purchaser of 4,000,000, acres
establishment will soon be ready for of Florida land; Mr. John L. Hill, a
rork, the last installment of machinery prominent politician of Philadelphia,
saving arrived this week. and founder of the town of Runnymede,
-People around Crown Point are push- in South Florida; Mr. William S. Doug-
ng the vegetable business for all it is lass, manager of the operations in the B
vorth. Over 400 acres will be planted, towns of Runnymede and Floradelphia,
nd J. H. Vick will put thirty acres in and Mr. Daniel McClinch, came inon
tomatoes alone, the fast mail train yesterday from Phil- E
-Mr P. H. Walters, of Belleview, has adelphia. Mr. Disaton is very largely
grape fruit tree, which is laden with interested in: Florida and has been work- tt
ver 900 fine grape fruit and one cluster ing for and talking up the State during w
vith twenty very large ones. Who can the past summer. A representative of
xcei this? It will go to the Sub-Tropi- the Times-Union called upon him at the ;
"Duval Hotel yesterday afternoon to ob- by
-The charter for a street car line in tain from him his views-on the coming tf
it. Augustine, which the Irwin.Bros. oh- season. f,
ined a number of ears ago, has been Mr. Disston said that he was satisfied W
aoled to a syndicated owhf years ago, has been that there would be a large number of e,
;old'to a syndicate, who propose to coin-' people ^^ heedrighe comng witer thl
aence proceedings immediately and peoplehere durin the coming winter tl
)ush the road to completion. months. "If all cities do as well toward So
ush the road to completion advancing Florida's interest as Philadel- S;
-Work was begun on the Chipola phia," said he, "you can rest assured st
Iotel at Marianna last week. The site that a genuine boom will strike the w
s of the most eligible in town, and the State, the like of which she has never Pa
structure will add much to the appear- seen. There arp numbers of people in
nce of that portion of the town, pre- Philadelphia and other cities in the an
wanting also a fine view from the P. & A. State who have.made all arrangements g
.. B. to come as soon as the season opens. A ti
-Mr. C. Long, who has charge of the large portion of these are to make their ha
standard Oil Company's orangegrove in homes here, and I have no doubt that N
rest -Orlando, is busily engaged in put- many who come with the intention of he
ing the premises in neat order. Mr spending only a few months will be- T
long says that 2,00.0 trees will be set out come so well pleased that they will cs
n the forty acre tract some time next either locate permanently, or come a]
anuary. each winter to enjoy our matchless cli- s(n
-There is a large and steady increas- mate. n
ng amount of market-gardening going "There is a class of people coming to ba
n. The crops of cabbage are looking re- this State, who are just the kind of peo- at
narkablv well and bid fair to bring pie needed, many of the farmers of no
abundant harvests in the spring,and will Pennsylvania are casting longing eyes st
hake many pocket-books healthier as at this fair State. The next Clyde- ti
vell as heavier. steamer will bring a representative of a fe
-Mr. W. D. Lewis, the large straw- large party that sends him to look over 0o
erry grower of Panasoffkee, agrees to the situation and locate lands, should
furnish the Sumter county department he find things as represented. My u
f the Sub-Tropical Expositiou -with agents have painted a picture not so
hirty-two quarts of fine berries each glowing as the reality, so I have no
ay if they are required. A very liberal doubt that his verdict will be in favor of "
nd generous offer. the. State. He will then select such aj
-Extensive pre parations are being bodies of land as are best adapted for
ade for p planting largely inc reasedg the purposes for which they are intend- hi
reage in cukes, beans and other truck ed, an the ones whom he represents til
create ckes, beans a nd otheracts will come immediately to take posses- ct
Around Apopk&., Tbis industry, attracts thinelpucadhoe o
core attention annually, and we are sion of theseir r son s are from the to- t1
;lad to see it is a mistaken policy to de- Many of these persons are fromwill the to-ur
)end on any one product. Intensive bacco districts. and the y will try our.
arming and diversified crops will be soil and climate on this staple."
he rule ing Florida in thievery near "-How about the sugar industry in the
he rule Florida the-very neadistrict embraced in the reclaimed
future. lands?" asked the reporter.
-The South Florida Exposition, to be "We have put up an extensive plant d
old at Sanford in the coming February, on the south shore of East Tohopekaliga
a booming: officers have recently been Lake, where we have an experimental a
elected for the ensuing year and a general plantation with 100 acres in cane. The a
aterest is being awakened. A force of midl is nearly completed now, but we h
ien are at work upon thegrounds, which will only make up about, one-fourth ofa v
re located in a natural forest of pal- the yield from these 100 acres, the re- e
netto and other trees, quite near the maiader We will save for planting next
railroad depot, thus obviating the neces- year. The mill has a capacity for
ity of visitors hiring teams, etc. grinding the yield from 1,000 acres of r
-The cotton crop has been exception- land. We expect to plant about 500 a
ilUy good in Madison county this year, acres next year. The land used for In
ad everything is prosperous. The cul- raising cane is that reclaimed by drain- in
ure of tobacco is attracting particular ing; which is the richest and most pro- -
nterest in thi.. section. and will no ductive of any that can be found." -,
Joubt be planted to a considerable ex- The party will leave for South Florida
ent the comingseason. Several trials either to-day or to-morrow. They will
)n small pieces of land have proved go to Runnymede, where work is being
'ery satisfactory, having given most rapidly carried on. A new steamer,
ratifying results, called the Floradelphia, has been built
-About 350 gallons 'of strawberry expressly for the run on the lake from i
i-ine were recently shipped from Kissimmee to Runnymede, and to the
Lawtev to Jackson vilie.and 1,000 ormore town whose name the vessel hears. The
;allons are presently to follow. Cali- party will return toJacksonville thile last
ornia grape wine could not be ripened of the week.-Times-Union, Novem- T
or market in so brief a time, for it must ber 21. d
ae remembered that this wine was man- ( i
ifactured last May and June. Itis prob- A Commendable Enterprise. o
ble that thousands of gallons will be The writer of the following is the
made here next spring. The continued postmaster at Sumterville. andi his relia-
Iry weather is retarding the growth of bilitv is vouched for by leading citizens
he strawberry plants somewhat, but still of that town:
he prospect is good for a large crop. Edfitor Florida Farmer arid Pruit-Urou"'r:
-At the regular monthly meeting of I havedesigned and built an automatic -
the board of county commissioners of stereoscope, or machine for showing
Jefferson county, held on Wednesday stereoscopic views, arranged to hold
last, that body, in response to the re- twenty dozen at one time, so twenty
quest of a citizens' meeting and a views are thrown up before twenty pair
petition submitted by citizens of the of fine magnifying glasses, that show
county, appropriated $t50) to enable the the pictures full size. The machine taps
local committee to properly represent the a bell every fifteen seconds, to measure
agricultural products and industry of the time to look at each niew. so the
Jefferson county at the Florida Sub- twenty can be seen before they are
Tropical Exposition. The committee, turned down and twenty others thrown
which consists of Colonel Smith Simkins, up in sight. When the machine is
J. H. Perkins, J. H. Girardeau, F. R. wound up and started, it will continue
Fildes T. M. Pulestonand Junius Turn- to tap the bell every fifteen seconds, and
ball,met on Monday morning, accepted change the views every fire minutes, for
the appropriation and selected Hon. J. J. several hours. The capacity of the ma-
Willie for county canvasser andcommis- chine is unlimited, as thousands of views
sioner to the Sub-Tropical Exposition. can be shown by arranging them in lots
of twenty dozen. Fourteen different
Florida Tobacco woods are represented in the woodwork
...... "O~ac of this machine, fiinshed in the natural
Mr. M. W. Linton, of Greenville, was grain, making an attractive display of
in town this week with samples of his the wood products of Florida.
crop of tobacco upon the cultivation of I am going to exhibit this machine at
which we must say he is an enthusiast, the SubTropical Exposition at Jackson-
in that he believes it to be a better pay- ville, and want to 'show Florida views
ing ci-op than cotton. Hehas cultivated exclusively and will give every part of
tobacco for'several years and has studied the State a chance to be represented, as
it in all its bearings and bases his assetr- follows: Every town or individual that
tions by calculations upon the valua- will have stereoscopic views made of
tion of both crops. He says, too, .hat theirtown, groves, a favorite orange tree,
many people of his part of the county pretty lake, fine s:6ck of any kind raised
eare anxious that the County Commis- in the State, or anything that will be of
sioners make the donation spoken of in interest in the State, and write on the
our last issue for a display of Madison's back of each view its location, what it is
resourcesattheSub-Tropical Exposition. and any history of it they choose, and
-Madison Recorder. --. : send them to me by the 15th of Decem-
Colonel Hanson, has :completed ar- her', I will number each view and gie
rangements to plant twenty acres of ~to- the name and location of each on a air-
bacco on his place near town this"coming cular, and s~ho~w them in this stereoscope.
season.* He has an experienced Vir.- T~h'is^w llgive th~se who vist th Ep
ginia tobacco grower to- take- cha~ge- o"f it~iona 'et~ter'idea of our beautiful State

TEMP. W EA.T.,,R. 4, 3

YEARS. .a .* 33( ?:

1871 78 N I 3 l 4 4. l NE
167. 73 32 0 32 1' 1,i 3.:S N
1874 7T-. 3 55 6 t1 & 0.It N
1t7I & 11 18 i 1 1 tI 3r.'2 w
1870 71 21 2 18 1 2 12 '6 NE
18'.7 74 2A 5' lj 1 0 11 3.s-12 NE
187K 74 27 C2 12 8 I .t 3.3 W
179 7i .3t1 62 II 11 10 i) .t NE
lh&asU '8 p e.4e a 711 1 I 6t W
1J 81 '. 41 61 C. 19 h 2.86 NFE
18o2 7.3 wa tc 8 r, 1 s i l NW
1831 8 3. : I) 1 15 I 0.12 NE
18,4i 75s fIn r8 7 if, [ 4.04bN
1b8ooksi t3 rea12g oi e 1 .760NtW
S A 7 2767i? If1 t3 S 92:. 1W

2,000 Valuable Presents Free.
The Sunny FtSoh will distributLe 9.000
handsome presents among its patronusa on
January 14th, ls1888. Gold and silver
money. gold watches, sewing machines,
silk dresses, fine furniture, valuable
books, etc., aggregating over $3,000.00
in money. Send for sample copies free,
and for circulars giving full particultars
and acknowledgments from those who
received presents in the October dis-
tribution. Send also the names of your
friends for sample copies of the paper.
Address the Sunny South, Atlanta, Ga.
The Place to Buy Hardware.
Any one in need of any of the articles
of hardware used in house building and
house furnishing will do well to give
their orders to Messrs. Rockwell &
Kinne, whose advertisement appears on
another page. Their stock is complete
and their prices reasonable.. In the line
of guns, ammi..nitioniand sporting goods
generally, there is bt a better stock in
thj. Southern States.-.Orders are re-
ceived by this firm from. Gdorgia as well

cents each; retail at 25@4
as from all parts of Florida, and no one

tan could be obtained in any other way,
X.cept by a visit to the scenes from
which the views were made.
All views sent me must be mounted in
;ereoscopic form. Towns of one thou-
mnd inhabitants or less will be given free
pace for one dozen views of their town
nd neighborhood; towns over one and
ot more than two thousand, two dozen
views; towns over two thou.and, same
roportion. All views sent me will be
advertised on circulars or handbills, giv-
ig number, name and location of each,
o that parties looking at them will
now what part of the State they are
'om. The sooner these views are sent
ie the better; but for the benefit of
laces where the views cannot be made
A once, I will receive views any time
after Exposition opens, and will give
hem prompt attention.


erkshlres to the Front-Ra-
zor Backs to the Rear.
ditor, Florida Farmer au ,d Fi', t-,iou'-r:
I wish to say to your many readers
iat the West Florida Agricultural Fair,
which closed on the. lith of Novem-
er. was, as a first effort a good one.
[ostof the exhibits were made, I think,
y people in Walton county, although
here were some things on exhibition
rom Alabama, and from other parts of
'est Florida. Generally speaking,
everything passed off pleasantly, and
ie farmers, I 'think, 'Went home re-
olved next year to have a No. 1 fair.
ome defects in the classification of
stock caused some little feeling, but
'ere arranged to the satisfaction of all
parties interested.
This is pre eminently a stock country.
ad when people will stop lighting crab
rass and "pusley,' and will encourage
hem to do their best, and will make
ay of them, there is not a county in
north America where more money can
e made in the stock business than here.
here is one great. drawback to the suc-
essful breeding of sheep, however. Not
11 the severe storms of winter, nor the
torching suns of summer, nor foxes,
or eagles, are equal to the terrible razor
ack hog. The razor back is the' curse
ad scourge of Florida, and there can be
o great improvement in farming or
iock raising until our Legislature takes
ie matter in hand and makes it an of-
'ense against the public for any to keep
ne of these detestable animals at large.
This fair has shown many people the
tter folly of keeping such stock. One
ur months old Berkshire pig weighing
50 pounds, which was here exhibited,
was one of the very strongest arguments
against it.
Our people are going to make an ex-
ibition at the Sub-Tropical of some of

he products of West Florida-sugar
ane, corn, sweet potatoes, and among
other things a quince weighing a little
.as than four pounds. S.G.
e .
To Japan Old Tea-Trays.
First wash them thoroughly with soap
ind wa-.er and a little rotenstone: then
ry them by wiping and exposing at the.
re. Now get somegood copal varnish,
six it. with some bronze powder, and
pply with a brush to the denuded parts,
after which set the tray in an oven at a
eat of from 21'2 to 300 degrees until the
arnish is dry. Two coats will make it
qual to new.
-The cost of building operations in
)ade City during the past four months
ggregates more than fifty thousand dol-
irs-representing a wholesome growth
a population and prosperity.

Mr. E. W. Amsden, of Ormond-on-the-
lalifax-desires to hear of some one who
has celery plants for sale. "
-Rollins College, of Winter Park, has
nore than 201i students.
The foUlowing table, c.e,mpl'-d from the records
I' the Jaiek.onvne ,g-nat tanon by I.:.rpr.ral
T. Townsiend'. represent the tmmprraui'e.econ-
Ulitor, &of weatner, ranfall and d.iri-'tion ot wiad
or the month of D.'embe r, &as ouserrvd at there
lacksonvrlle station during the past 15 years:

ijJsirket spzrrs.
JAOsOvN'LZI-, November 28,1887.
Pwvisiona& '
MIATS-B. S. short ribs, boxed, 7-o; D.-S
ong clear aides, 7/4c; b. S. bellies, 7Wc;
smoked short ribs, Sic; smoked bellies, 8sc;
B C. hams, canvassed fancy, lI.ic; S. C. shoul-
erscanvassed c' (IallforuJnia or picnic hams,
7,o. Lard-rewrsind Ilerces, 7..c. Mess beef-
arrels, 89.0; balt barrels, 8560; mesa pork,
1600. These quotations are for round lots
rom flrst bands.
Bu'TTrR--Market firm and advauclnrg. Best
able, 24@'28a per pound; cooking, 15@20o per
Grain, Flour, Hay, Feed, Hides, Ete.
iRAiN-Corn-The market firm with an
upward tendency. The following figures
present to-day's values: We quote while
orn, Job lots, 6c per bushel; oar load
e.s, S lo per bushel; mixed corn. Job
ots, 63c per bushel; car load lois, 62c per
usibel. Oats nigner, in sympathy with corn,
it tbe following figures: Mixed, In Job lots,
0c; car load lots, S'c- white oats are 3c high-
or al around. Bratn firmer, $21'a@22 per toe.
Wheat I1650 per owl.
FAY-' 'P market firm. Western choice,
mall Ba.es 21 002'2 M(N) per ton' car load lois,
2050 per ton; Eastern hay, 820 ) per ton.
PA.LGR ORrTS AND MEAL-Grits, firm, 80O
per barrel.
FLout--Best patents, &5 10,145 50; good fam-
iv, 04 75i6 00;' common, 4 15.
"OaE-'MI Ixed 1 "25, wnips .I 5.5, clays l 810.
GROUNiD FEr --Per ton. 026 0).
COFFEE-Green Rio, 21A24c perpound; Java,
roasted, 32.Z:kic; Mocha, roasted, &.3c: Rio,
roasted. 2&SXc; ground Rio coffee I,_3eic per
COTTON S&ED IBEA.L-Demand light. Sea
Land or dark meal, 819 it 0 150 Oi) er ton;
bright or short cotton meal 21l 50@i22.
TOBACO SiEM--Mlarket quiet but. -nrm-al
413 0041a 4 00) per ton.
Lrx-x-Easternu, .. barrel lots $1 30, 100 bar-
el lots1 00, lees ltan 10061 50. Al.abama ltme
115. Cement-American $2,1); English 8325
per barrel.
Rirti-The quotations vary, according to
quantity, irom Ir^ cents per pound.
SALT-LUVCrpool, per sack, $1(O; per car
cad, 4)'i cents.
EUnDES-Dry flint, cow, per pound, first class,
1 'LO2uts; and country dry saltd 9.,alOcts;
butichers dry salted centls. Skins-Deerflint,
3) cents: sailed 13 centa. Furs-Otter, winter
sach 50c@&4 r): raccoon 10-&15 cents; wild cat
015 cent,:K llX 10,115 cnts. Beeswax, per
pound, IS cents; wool, free from buors181a2-3
aentb; hurry, 8.015 cents; goat. skins lbcents
apiece. Conntry Produce.
OCEasrE-Flne Creamery 165% cents per
Lrvi. PoCLri-R-Limhted supply and good
demand as foUlows: Hens V5 cents; mixed 30
oents; half grown 22 cents. They arescarce
and In great demand.
Eoos-Duva Counoty, 23224 centsperdozen
wnth good demand and Ur.iated supply.
IlISH POTATOKS-Northern potatoes 629%
.3*25 per barrel.
j'ioNs-western per barrel 83850, New York
375 per barrel; parishsh onions, 81.0) per crate.
New York Cabbage; 10,-a2c per head.
NEW BEaTs-New York $275 per barrel.
ToATroas-New York, per crate, 010).
TuRNips-Rata Baga variety 8250 per bar-
ForeliKn and Domestic Frnuits.
Heavy advance In all canned goods, cover-
ing 50c per dozen, most noticeable in peaches,
peers and apples, caused by short crop-corn
and tomatoes; also. In canned fish, principally
I, salmon, owing to short catch this year,
catch being lighter than any season for four
PnRU-NxS- French, 12e.
PINEAPPLES-4.ltl 7li200 per dozen.
tJMoNs-Messinas,$8 350t8375 per box.
FrGs-New, In layers, 15c. ...
DATES-New Persian-Boxes, 9c^; Frals 70.
Nu'rs--Almonds 18c; Bramls 1ec; Fuberts
'SicUy) t2c; English walnuts, Grenobles, 180;
Marbots &5c; Pecans 14c, Peanuts 6%0e; ocoa'-
nutsl-5 50 per hundred.
RAftiss-New London 'ayers,6300per box.
MALAGA GRAPES-FUail weghts,.600 per
barrel; Uglt weights, 5 00P'er barrel.
BuBrTTrRiN--Creamery ic; Extra Dairy 17c,
Dairy 15c.
A.PPLs--New York. 2 75@3 765 per barred.
Pears 1600 per barrel, 83 00 per balf barrel.
Delaware Grapes, Catawba and Concord 10@
aIsmaicaBananas 62803 00 per bunch.
The roUowing quotations are careflly re
vised for Wednesday's and Sat"urday's paper
from quotations furnisbed by dealers In the
Ct M- arket:
New York Cabbage wholesale at 2 50@800
per barreland retail at 15@20.cents.
Sweet Potatoes wholesale at 400o per
onshel, and retail at *20@26per peck.
Eggs are in fair demand. Duval county eggs
are quoted at wholesale 20@22o per dozen,
midretalUat25 cents. ..t
Boston marrowfat squashes WhOle8aaeRt
-2 50 per barrel, and reta1 at 4@65 cents per
pound1. -'"". r .-" "
New -York. Irish potatoes wholesale at 8.0
per barrel, and retail al 10 cents per quar, or
wo quarts f'r 1 ent cs t a
LIve poultry-chickeng' wholesale at 20@3C

cents each; retail at 25@45
poultry, per pound--chi
Northern meats retail
oeef )8@25 cents per pom
cents per pound; veal 20!
cents: mutton 10@20 cen

as from all parts of Florida, and no one
should visit Jacksonville tvitho.ut calling
and inspecting their stock.

Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
CI ange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
looking finely.

Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilitiw for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular,
Address Miss S S. S. Jones,
* 179 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.

A Home in Florida.
Your attention is called to the offer of
a lot in Macedonia City, Lee county,.
Florida, and a year's subscription to a
leading paper of the State, for $4. Mac-
edonia City is fifteen miles south of the
terminus of the Florida Southern Rail-
road at Trabue, and overlooks the far-
famed bay of Charlotte Harbor, the most
magnificent sheet of water in the South.
An unparalleled offer. Address, for
sample copy of paper and full particulars,
Key West, Florida.
-. .
"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have-used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
inug along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so ,good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer.. We know
by experience what we say regarding
this fertilizer.
Ft. Mason. Fla.


A Ststndard Pcket Fence Mchtne. Two per-
-acri, ean weave from one ti:'two nu'ired' rod. in
a day, fnrom It:. i:, ) feet nigh. at a '. ,a of r-inm 3,
to) q cents a rod.Als', Wmnte Leghorn Cwuk-
erels "01 tte- K Ia.pp vta.I n.
E. W. A-blHEN. Ormoni. Fla.
I nar: now in N.-w York, and t1 iLl rc:,-ive in a
iew days. a freA_, lotn or D>! B-riia On'i-il --,1d of
my ow [UFporttstion. Thls varied of 0 Onion I,
weli kn.:.;vn to the gard-ners of Fi;.:.rda., having
b'en sutcee;iully gr,:w andl telred through
many Sefigoni
Sanicord, Fla.
Suipllicd in car I-.t3. pljt ,ip in baus or barrels.
EDirelt shipment. Guarantee analiys:. Prio
and Pauitphilet free. Adl,'res6 "
Box 317. Napinee,
On tario. Canada.

Regitcir-r.1 tale "Pant," No. 'i':t. A. J. C. C.,
g Waund-daa Erotas, Who niado 7;S1Lbsoi but-
ter in nieven months, ric-ads the herl Graded
Jer-?y Cattle ar,. Native- 'Ir.,)tting anu1i Wor ,r
P eProvrietors.

Eslahlished 1853. IDorpordla 1887.



Florida Oranges.

218 and 220 Washiaglon Street New York City.
Remittances and Acconnt Sales sent Inimedil-
ati6h after gr.:.ods are aiold. Stencils and Market
Reports iu-nianed on application.

Improved Peaches.

and No. 7. are round peaches, average size,
ripenUng from May lOth to July Lat. Then Bid-
wel's I'MPROVED PEEN-TO, No. 4, is flat, bat
larger and thicker from stem to blossom than its
In Quality Not Excelled by'Any
Peach ;Out, .
with not a particle, at any stage of ripening,
of that bitter so objecrlonable in 4he Peen-to.
Ripens with Bidwell's Early.
These are all seedlings ol the Peen-ro, a de.
scendant no donbti of that frult, "'found by Atchil-
son in the Hazardarakht Ravine,in Afghanistan;
a form with different shape from, that of the
almond, being larger and flatter." "1rhe-wnole
shrub resembles what one might consider a wild
form of the peach, of nearly evergreen foliage.'
As I am aware there are many spnrionas trees
being offered, I would gives a word of caution to
the planter. -Mr. BIdweUll has originated these
trees ; our -trees he has. grown from. buds.cut
from his bearing trees, moat of :them by his
own hand. .
Address all letters, for nrfoirmation'or trees, t(
me as on account of U'health:hehas iven m.e
all bualnes oonnetried with the sale of his trees
City Office and Packing Grounds, Main 'tres
Orlan ,do --. .- .- -- "

'* s -. .' .- w t "
"uh I "'" '. 3 I
X.--i-:, ..O. Box21,',Orlai4o,.Fla
3 -_ September5,1887.


-Atage15hcecnts; corinedbeef10 cents.
SOkra wholesale at 25@00 cents per peck, and
retails at 10 cents, or two quarts for 15 ceLts.
Egg Plants wholesale at 25 cents per dozen
nd retail at 5@10 cents each. .
Northern rutia baga turnipE 82'25 per barrel,
luur quarts for 2.5 ci-nt.
Northern carrots wholesale at 2'. 50 perbar-
rel' retail at 60 cents per peck.
Cele-ry-Kaiamazoo, r ,.Vots fper dozen, it o
taJks for .15 c-nts.
,,rlti>,-rn Cauliflower *;.h,5,: per hEad.
iunap ueaos, wholti.aJe i,. ps-i' Ouhei': re-
tail tI cenis per quart.
Tomatoes, wholesale 8 1 lil i.) per cr.atEi; re-
tail 1fcents perquarr, twoquirts for 25ceut&.
Wrat, e tarilps 622. per bairr,-, four quaits
ror 25 cents; grei-n turnips wboltcale At t.
r-nts per r,unch. r.tatl iii ct'its per Ou"c,.n.
English pi-ars b 2,),.,2 ';. per bashei,1 i5cents
per quart.
Ganberries $8300 -per ernti; ret.l, two
quarts for 25 cents.
Ocala-lime, $110 per bbl.
The LIatewt Quotations for Florida
i'rnills and Vegetables.
Tue allowingg peclal despite, ihe-, by ;p- *:iL
arrnngremeiniswitlh tue Florida FrIljt Ex-
c'haoiu.e are. nlt to tue TiBi-UiNriON by ite
agents oi the FiULt Ex.'harnzr in i h-varioni,
e'tL,". They caun be rl-.ed upon a- acuriate:
Spc)lal to theTttESL-UNtoN:]
NEw Y:iaRK, NNovember 2au.-To-dis', auc-
tion 821)&-i3.25:; tb latter pri'e for 'ac. fruit.
Demand slack. We quote 'ane'.y, 3 325.0_.3 50;
bt'lethle, [/:5l,..l ni); rus8sets, $; 2.i,,jrl7 .f1;.

Special to the TitEs-UNiON:]
NEW YORK, Nov. 17.-The market forsee-d
leaf shows a somewhat Increased activity.
Sumatra sells readily at 01.'201.ki; Havana its
quiet, wil h sales at ac.$1.20.
RICHMOND, Novemnber 28.-The market i1
steady 'and fdrm, and leaf i selungat an
average of from 81ti(,12 per hundred. A fne
article will bring 16iB18.
aAVA-NA, November 25.--igar ieaf tor
shipment to the United States is active, and
ellss at from $4ti3,56 per quintal.
Florida tobacco Isselling at Quin'y. Lake
City and other places at from I15.si e per

Special to the Tis ra-UlNION:]
&AVAN-NAH, November2*.-The Upland
Colltton market opened quiet and firm ati the
following quotations:
Middling fair......... lI0
good m fiddling .......... ............. .....I L,
MIddllne ... 91
Low middling .................... ......... .
Good ordinary..... Nominal.
L.The net receipta were 4," recelptsl 4.8ii bales; sales.5,41) whales: stock at
this port 13i,-Il1 balis; exp'orts coasiwise 2.716


Rare rroplcai, ornamental arnd frtui plant for
oipn air.'Uiture in Florida, andi for theNorthern
gre-en houe.;. Alo, a full linmr. orfsemni-.pica]
trcee, plant and gracsu., and general nutery
stock adapted to Flori.dla and the South
Exotic,.fr.'m India. Ausrraba and the West
Itndes, maDy of [hem never before introduced
into the United States.
Thb,- mir complete descripnrive catalogue ot
tropical and 6emi-tropical plants puliblihbedL m
Amerca. Catal uii mailed, po'st-paid on re-
ceipt of 15 cents Frec- t:"all enatomers.
Manatee, Fla.'

Florida newspapers




Ha, tne Exclasive Franchise of the


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the country. Also.


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from ail the Leading Cities0'O the uniondur,-
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are also full and complete.

One Year, 10. Six Months,85. Three
Monhlbs, 82.50. One Month, 81.


Sis the Best and Cheapest Weekly in the South
Contains the CJrea;'ot the Daily lor the.week.


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Prmncely Premun.offer.ed to stb- .
,sori.berstote q -
wj J.,ivY :TIMZS.-,.,

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ILesiedef:n ,triolta and Paspalum plalyr'iife I
liluistrated and described In FLOatDA FARMJLR
Supplied at 81 00 per-thousand,-.

* '^



.% :

T. K. GODBEV. Waldo. Florida.

., ..-