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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
VOL. 1---NO. 44.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2. 1887.
PRICE $2 A-YEAR.
WHAT CROPS PAY BEST.
An Old Farmer's Experienc
with King Cotton.
Bdlor Florida Farmer and ruit-Grower:
-The most important question before
the farmers and fruit growers of Floric
is, What are the most. profitable crops
plant? Most of us have found out the
we need more than one string to ou
bows; that it is necessary for us to hay
more than---one crop to depend upor
The freeze of '86,taught the orange
growers a first-rate lesson, and I thin
that freeze was a God-send for Florid;
So also was the decline in Sea Islan
cotton. The farmers in the souther
portion of this State almost went crazy
few years ago when cotton brought
good price. Every farmer bought chem
ical fertilizers with every cent of money
he could raise, and then bought all h
could on a credit. Cotton went down
and a great' many farmers did not mak
enough to pay their fertilizer bills. S
they are n-.w asking the question, wha
shall we do to be saved?
Mr. Editor, as I happen to be one o
the few who have been asking this mos
important question for several year
past, andhave been trying several string
to my bow to see whichh would do mos
toward making .a living for my larg
family. With your permission I wi
try tO.tell the tiller of our Florida uso
whatI have found to pay best as genera
crops. First, raise everything on th
* farm necessary for food.. It matters no
how cheap pork or.beans are up North
it is cheaper for us :.to raise themti a
home. Do notraise cotton to sell to Ibu
pork with. Every farmer who eve
tried it has failed. A bushel of corn ii
our barns is worth two in Ohio. My ex
perience is,'make -every possible thing
we can at home first, and then maki
what we can to sell. The most impor
tant thing of all is to keep out of dJht
and above all things do not go in deb
for fertilizers. Tuere is enough right
around every farmer's house in Floi id
to manure our lands for 1.0100 years tc
come, if we will but use-it properly.
Well, brother farmers,I1 am an old
''cracker," and been in Florida always
Have been working old Mother Earth al
my life, and have tried to feed the old
woman the best I knew bow, to get he
to make me one of her heirs and divide
a portion of her riches with me,: and
am glad to say that bhe ha, given me a
good living for myself and family. My
advice is ti not raise cotton alone, but
divide your crops, plant some cotton
some tobacco; all kinds of crops and
fruits that will grow in youe locality
Diversify your crops. Theu ifoneshouid
fail, you will have others to fall bu.kd
upon. The farmers of Eastern and
Southern Florida should plant Cuba to-
bacco, as there is a great demand for
cigar tobacco. The hammock lands of
Eastern and Southern Florida are the
finest lands in tlie world for tobacco,
The lands in Lake. Sumter. Hernando
Hilisborough and othercountiet in South
Florida can b" made to raise the Cuba
tobacco almost as fine as in Cuba. I am
an old tobacco planner, and on a recent
visit through the above counties I saw
lands that would make two to three
hundred dollars per acre. There is nc
trouble in raising twvo to three crops of
tobacco from one planting. by letting
the bottom suckers grow. We hare the
soil and the climate to make the largest
yield of any State in this Union.
Well, I have told you one good crop to
raise while the orange trees are growing.
Now here issomething else that I have
tried that pays well. While we can
raise some cotton, rice, tobacco, and oth-
er crops, we can have every foot of land
iu fruit trees. Have them far enough
apart one way so that you can raise all
yourcrops between the trees. My friends,
let me say right here that peach culture
beats anythingI have ever tried iu Flor-
ida. 1 have been a pretty successful
farmer, but the peach' beats anything I
have tried yet, and I think the peach
will do very well in almost every county
in Florida. The reason why peaches
pay better than any other fruits is be-
cause we can utilize them in so many
ways. First, we ship all the earlier va-
rieties to the.Nortbern markets and get
good prices before they can ripen there
Then we can dry or evaporate them, and
keep them any length of time, until we
choose to sell them. Canning peaches is
also very profitable, and to make them
bring still higher prices we can preserve
them.- This season I have put up several
hundred jars of peaches and pears. I
kept an account of how many jars a
bushel of fruit would make: am now
s lling.them, an.lfind no trouble in get-
ting three to-four dollirs'per bushel for
One of my neighbors has tried evapo-
rating or drying them, using his poorest
fruit-something that would not sell ih
our markets-and be tells me that he
sold them at- 25 cents .per pound at
wholesale, and that. his inferior peaches
:-brougli't.''hiam$1.50 per bushel. After
several years' experience with the peach
I find there is plenty of money in raising use in California for years, but is not in
peaches at 50 cents a bushel. My general. use. Orange packers become
e peaches have paid me from $2 to $3 per very expert in grading, and no time is
bushel, and as long as I can get such saved by having the fruit graded by ma-
prices for my fruit I would not give a' chine.-Citrograph.
good peach orchard, with all our new
re varieties, properly cultivated, fora young WINTERING CASSAVA.
ia gold mine. t i "a"d
to Now, one more word to our Baker A Frost-Blighted Industry that
at county farmers. My friends, plant every Should BeR- Revived.
ur acre of cleared land you have this winter hF.ar. er and -i" t-Grower:
r in peaches and pears. Let us raise Rdtor Florida a.mner and .oit-irower:
e enough so that we can ship- by the car In response to your request for infor-
nr load. It will save us 100 per cent, ex- nation in regard to the mode of winter-
k' press charges and freights. If we raise "i cassava canes, etc., I will say that
enough to fill a car every day through here no one has grown it except on a
ia the peach season our fruit will net us very small scale, for chicken feed, etc.,
d from $2 to $5 per bushel. So go to work and the stalks are often left standing all
and get up your peach trees, and to i,- 'vinuer. This does very well in warm
a duce you to do so I will agree to sell you and almost frostless winters, but such
a trees at half price, and if you cannot pay winters are not plentiful of late, and, as
y me now, pay me when you can. I am in the case of seed sugai cane, some pre-
y sure this isa good offer, and I am willing caution should be taken to insure safety
e to do all I can to help you, and you can in case of frost. The canes will keep
help me at the same time by putting safely for many weeks, piled up in any
e your fruit in, with mine and saving me sheltered, out-of-the-way place. We
at those enormous express freights. have kept them piled up in a shady place.
I know it is a hard matter to qutt rais- for two or there months during the sum-
if ing o!d King Cotton, for it took me twen- ner, without damage, but the best way
t ty years' hard work to quit. It is almost is probably that described by our friend,
st second nature for us old crackers to Mr. W. A. Marsh, of Orlando, who writes:
raise cotton, but my. friends, it will "I let it stand until I think there is dan-
at finally ruin you, if you continue to plant ger of frost, then dig a pit deep enough,
all cotton. As I said in the beginning of to hold the cane, cut it in lengths suita-:
e this letter, plant a little of everything; ble for planting, pack it in the pit and
have plenty of strings to-your banjo, so throw- pine straw rauany other trash over
Sif one breaks you may keep right on it, and let it alone until Iwant to plant.
l playing. If youcau't hae quit., a good It keeps readily enough."
e tui.ic I tell you it will keep away th The cutting into suitable, lengths for
Swhit mouth. I hope I mar live to see planting could just as well be deferred
I' every farmer in' Florida ra ising hie own urtil spring, except that it could hardly.
Provisions at home, instead- f sending be packed away- so nugly. We usually
y -,ortfforbevery'in ave cut it into pieces five .or six inches
r e in. W. P HOIRNE -. long. when ready to plant. but it can be
SMAOCLENNY, Fla., Oct. 1887. : cut still shorter if canes are scarce. It
S" 'can beplauted in December. arid left to
SCassava come up at its "own sweet will." which
e C-assava. will not usually be beforedangerof hard
Concerning thisremarkably prulific aud frost is over. The better way is to defer
useful root crop, a correspondent of the planting until warmer weather in spring.
t. Cincinnati.Enquirer writes from Florida; Our'experience with cassava, however,
t as followFs: grown as a crop. has been-verr limited.
a Cassava, from the roots of which Some of the residents of Tavares can
o starch can be made much more success- piobablv give us "*whole bucketfuls" of
fully than from potatoes, is a Florida information on tbesubject. as we under-
d crop that can be banked on. Like cow- stand it was quite extensively grown
peas, it is almost a necessity for those there a few years ago. Are we mistaken
1 engaged in the growth of cattle. Intel- in this? P. W. REASONER.
d ligent Floridtans have told me that more MANATEE, Fla., Oct. 20,18'i7.
r cassava can be raised as food for live [While our obliging correspondent
e stock than can be produced in hay on efhrle aur lfromg torr od
I the best land in anyuv Northern Statre; pauses for a reply from the good people
Sth t it contains more nutriment than of Tavaies, and 'while the latter are pre-
crthat it contains monrenutriment tha ing their"--exhaustive essays" on the
either timothy or clover. Its roots are 'ua r ei eitor ea6s oepa tog
ut ised by natives for puddings. It isn 'bject, the editor tal-s occasion to
i adapted to the poorestsoil.and i-alwavs say this in encouragement of cassava
Welcome as food for cattle. A man wo culture: If any one has eed cane of
Ihas tI'iedasafod raising tays: cassava for sale next January, and will
is riEndugh cassan be raisinged on ayives: advise us of the fact, stating price. etc..
to fatten from n ie to one hun- e will notifour ra.lrs and rgea
I dred head of cattle tor the market, and tri- l revi re
they 'Aill be as kindly fla ored as any lofK cassava had come into very favor-
they o ill be as kindly favored as any able notice, and a factory for its manu.
r Ohio* corn-fed stock. "Hogs hike it and facture wasab.:ut to be established when
f fatien on it rtidly; and it seems to be toward event occurred. Forwant
e admirably suited to table uses as a sub- of prote towr eo -,emt o fur oe ans
statute for the white potato. In the West cat destroyed, and since that utf httle
Indies it is dried and ground into flour. vas destroyed, an since aI it but it le
i Its method of cultivation is not dficult. has been heard o cassava. It is to be
Itsmthond be planted in bhilk four feet hoped that it will come into notice again,
a Ih houl be planted in hills four ifeet and that very many will undertake ius
3 apart, so as to be worked by harrow culhication net year. 'Io this end it is
t both ways. ,Deep cultivation will not desirable that all seed cane now growing
Answer, as it interferes with the lateral. uid be c tharef ully savedn for planting ir u
L roots, which are a foot or ruotein length. the bSpringe--ep. H. e'.
It should be planted in February or spring-. H. 0.1
S.-.. Wine from Sweet Oranges.
Following is the ailicle which, was
.. h-brought to our notice by E H Hart, of
'-v /.i "" Federal Puint, as mentioned on editorial
'* page. The favor was acknowledged in
a previous number:
SShould the time ever come when it
Swil iuot pay to ship this delicious fruit
northward and westward, there is a
.?. profitablee use for it, not wholly self-
denying of pleasant beverages. A good
/ many attempts have been made to con-
vert orange juice into a beverage called
-- orange wine; but with only slight success
until within a year or two past. The
A [,ll.' ':'(H usual formula is to add three or four
,/ gallons of water to one gallonri of juice
of sour (wild) oranges, and then three to
four pounds of white sugar to each
gallon, and when fermented bottle and
-. use after a few months. This makes a
pleasant, sweet cordial, -unlike any
Cassava. (Manihtt utihssirsa.i giape wineever tasted. Mr.J. D. Mitch-
March, having been Brst cut in lengths- ell. of Daytona. on the Halifax river, a
the tops onlyg-of two orut three inchs- Vermonter and -full of cute Yankee
and covered about four inches below iThe notions," concluded to very the formula.
surface, of the ground. There will be He took sweet orange juiceand water
about 3,000 hillsto the acre. and, as each equal parts, and added three pounds of
hill will yield probably fifteen pounds, raw Florida sugar, a very pure article, to
the product would be'45,000 pounds- each gallon. in a tight, full barrel, with a y
over twenty tons. bent tube from the closed bung-hole to a
'.o __pail of water. When the'gas bubbles
ceased to show in the water the barrel
Patented Orange Graders, was closed and put away for some
A machine for sizing oranges and oth- months, and then the liquor was bottled
er fruit has been patented. It has grad- and corked tight, and kept in a cool p
ing frames with longitudinal ribs, so that place till wanted for use. The result is a
the oranges in passing upon them will something worthy to be called-wine. It
not be cut or bruised, and beneath each keeps well in wood or glass, and when-
frame a vertically sliding table forming ever we can offer such wine as this in f
a support for the oranges, with cushions the market we need have no fear.about
and other novel features to facilitate the low prices for oranges and overstocked t
rapid and exact sorting of the fruit markets, for. that may occur and fruit d
'The same kind of device has been in may not keep: wine will, and. will p
without injury.-N. Y. Confectioner, always sc:l when aged. i
The Custard Apple.
The aceomIluianving illustration repre-
sents one of a gi'.up 'of peculiar sub-
tropical fruit trees, including several
that are found on the Southern coast of
Florida, namely, the sugar apple, sour
sop, Jamaica apple and ,pond apple, all
of which are cultivated except the' last
named, whiich gro"s in a wild state in
brackish swamps from Key West north-
ward to Peace Creek and Indian River
These and other more southern species
are compi isie in the genusai Aion, which
is a connecting link between Miagnolia
and Asimina. The latier-comprioing
our half dozen Epecies of dlog btnuana
and th northern p:apaw-has an oblong
fruit without peiceptible divisious. In
-Anona tie sr-eled- .cr-upy distinct pulpy
cells, which are aggregated as in a mul-
berry, though the fruit in etieral
form more resembles a huge strawberry.
TIu j1itagoli. the fruit i -oos lructed on
the ,me general plau. but there are
niarked differences iu internal structure.
the most mrn'kei:l leiing that in Mtlioo,'al
Superiority of Orange Wine.
I have this day been shown and sam
pled some sweet orange wine as made bh
A. Maltby '& Son of this place. Thesc
gentlemen say the mistake has been ii
adding water to the juice of the orange
They being familiar with the process o:
grape wine making, and experts as t(
judging of its quality, say that the supe
priority of their sweet orange wine will
make it command more than double the
price of their finest.grape wine. The sam
ple shown me was elegant, being clear as
fine old whisky, and having the bouquet
These gentlemen are confident that the
orange groves of Florida surpass in value
and excellence of wine yield the grapt
vineyards of California. Though my en-
thusiasm passed away with my youth,
yet I cannot help becoming excited a
little over .the prospect of manufacturing
our "splits," "drops" and "culls" into a
wine which has no superior. Forty to
fifty oranges and two pounds of sugar
make a gallon of wine of quality ol
which these men say they will buy 50'
barrels any day at $1.50 per ga'lon, and
they would expect to make ~1 a gailor
clear at that,.and could sell the i-nttir'
product of Florida.
The fruit must be peeled, pressed and
strained, and then racked off twice and
allowed to become one year old before
marketed. The time is almost at hand
when such disposition may be made oi
inferior fruit. What then will be the
market value of our choice fruit held Irn
cold storage.until there is good d e-ma ndi
Let our people all make a. small keg of
wine this year, alter the above plan, andJ
it will suon become known that .sweel
orange wine is the finest in the world.
Wu. P. NEE.LD.
PiNELLAS, Fla., Oct. 20. 1887.
'Mealy-Bug in Florida.:
W.INTER -AVEN, Fla., Oct. 1, 1887.
Sj&oiieoda Farmer anid P 'ui-Gro,,er
Ssenhd you specimens of an insect new
to nie. It commenced, I think, on the
guavas, but is spreading to other things.
What is it, and what will kill it?
The guava leaves accompanying the
aboveletter were partially w hite'ned with
what appeared like small patches of cot-
ton lint. They were referred to the En-
tomroloaist of the Depaitment of Agri-
culture, who responded under date of
October 13th, as follows: "
Editor ,lrida Fe a nd it Prut -Giperr:
Yours of the 10th inst., with accompa-
nying specimens of insects found upon
guava leaves, duly to hand. This insect
is the common destructive mealy-bug
Dadciylopias lestuctor. Comst.i Yo1u wif
find it figured and described in the An-
uual Report of this Department for l.%0.
and also in Hubbard's Report on Insects
Affecting the Orange. page 64. The ker-
osedne emulsion recommended by Mr.
IH ubbard will doubtless prove effectual as
a remedy. L. 0. HOW.xaD,
"[heaccount of thli insect contained in
the Report for 18.U is moItly technical,
but the following extract, relative to its
life history, may be of interest to some:
"The female begins laying her egss in
a cottony mass at the extremity of lier
abdomen, some time before attaining full
growth,.and the egg mass increases with
her own increase. gradually forcing the
posterior of her body upwaids until she
frequently seems to be almost standing
on her head. The young lart'v sonny after
watching spread in all directions and set-
tle-pri-ferably along the mid rib on the
under side of the leases. or in the forks
of the poun'g twigs, where they form
large c66'uies, clobely packed together.
They atenlv slightly covered with the
white pc ,and may seem to be en-
tirely hba, with the exception of the
Meth ds with Strawberries.
The O Experiment Station has test-
ed and reAmmends propagation by mak-
ing cutting of the runners and rooting
them in 'a .i6ld frame, the same as
florists'trti 'uttings of soft plants.
They nia.ye i beset thickly in sand or
in two-in 5'. Moisture and partial
shade gfrd' ly essential conditions,
The planmm' t in the field as soon as
sufficient. d. .
Anothe grower increases his
stock of- ced varieties by cutting
off the yo., s, dropping them into a
pail of wter and setting out immediate-
ly whereJ y .are to remain. watering
and shadi o'r a day or two, when they
are clifm '. row more readily than
young pl ts-with tender roots. It is
said that ')0 to 1,500 plants have been
propagat ffom one stock plant in a
single se' :-S-American Garden.
In the luing of. beef cattle ninety-
ive per ce of that portion of the food
most. val le'to the soil is returned
through-t 'excreta of the animals. In
lairy cat' iventy five per cent of that,
portion o e.food returned to the soil
s cover into fertilizers.
FLORIDA COCOAN UTS.
Immense Groves Now Growing
on the Southern Coast.
.Ediur f.rido Farmer and P-aui- Grower:
in 1-s;3-4- over 2,iiu'.0(i cocoanuts were
planted on Cocoanut Strand, a strip of
coast land some twelve miles in length
and from a quarter to two miles in
w idth, which separates Biscayne Bay
from the ocean. This enterprise in Flor-
idawas first brcughlit into notice by H.
B. Lum, of R.?d Bank, New Jersey.
Having visited this section he became
convinced that c'.coanuis could be raised
here with profit. Through his influence'
others became interested, and now three
young groves, or "walks," as- they are
called in the tropics, owned by Field &
Osborn, Robi'nsc.n & Lum and H. 'B.
Lum, 'are growing.
The youtig trees vary in height from
one to fifte-n feet.. One tree, only two
and a halt years old, standing near the
houusef, having been fertilized and wa-
trited occasionally, is nine tetiun height.
All those which have had atteriliu-on anM
been watered are looking fine.
Nearness to salt water is absolutely es-
sential to the welfare of the cocoanut.
Although they may grow into line look-
ing trees near fieh water they will bear
no fruit. Salt, shells and limeare nect-s-
saiy to promote their growth. It is ex-
pected these groves will come into beat-
iug in from eight to ten yeais after
planting, and continue productive for
seventy or eighty years, the average-
annual product hibing about eighty to
four hundred nuts per tiee, judgiug front
those already growing here.
Millions of cocoanuts are annually itn-
ported intu New York market from
South America, Central America.
Jamaica, and other islands. Most of the
seed nuts planted heie came from Trini-
dad. T'ie~e are reported dto be of supe
rior quality, tbick-meaced and easily
shelled. There is an increase in the de-
mand and in the price of the nuts in the
New York market. It is reported that
eighty per cent. of the cocoanucts ent are
used for deasi-..ating purposes.
The Chinese, it is said, have found over
300 uses for thecocoanut. The ingenious
Americans have found many ways of
utilizing them. You can scarcely find a
home where the cocoanut is not brought
into use, somewhere or in some way.
The husk or outer covering is used
largely in the manufacture of door-mats,
carpets, etc. This husk or fibre, when
prepared, is called "coir." It isan excel-
lent substitute for curled hair and is
used extensively in upholstering chairs,
sofas, mattresses, etc. Tbeoil of the nut
is used by many in preference to lard for
cooking purposes. A soap is now made
of the cocoanut oil which will produce a
good lather when used wilh salt water.
This will be highly prized by seamen.
The oil is also used extensively in the
manufacture of candles. The cocoanut
furnishes an excellent substitute for
milk, by grating and pouring hot water
over it, then pressing and strain-
ing. The natives of the tropics have for
ages been supplied with early all they
want.from the cocoanut tree. There are
many more ways of using the cocoanut.
but want of space forbids enumerating
them here. MORE ANON.
MIaM. Dade County, Fla.,
Oct. 13, 1887.
Choice Pigs for Sale.
A correspondent' in Alachua county,
,seeing the notice of C. B. C;. in the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER of October
26, writes aa follows: "I havesomesplen-
did pure stock Berkshire pigs for sale,
bred and born here and as fine as can be
raised anywhere. -The stock has proved
a perfect success here; are hearty and
healthy, fatten well and keep fat and
grow on half what native Florida
hogs need. I have been selling at $2 a
pair. Have two pair and one sow left.
They are now (October 27th) two and a
half months old. Can give references in
Jacksonville and Palatka." Any one
wishing to communicate with this party
can obtain his address of the editor of
the FARMER AND FRUrT-GRowER.
Information -W nted.
Mr George B. Tyler, of Canton, Fla.,
writes: "Ihave applied to half a dozen
nurserymen but cannot get what I want,
namely, arrow root, cassava and arti-
choke. I would also like a receipt for can-.
ning tomatoes, peaches another fruits
and vegetables, so that they will keep
from one season to another."
T. S. Moorhead, of Miluon, Pa., writes:
"Who are the individuals who-compose
the Peace. River Phosphate. Co.? They
have an exhibit at Atlanta of bones, etc.,
from the deposits of Peace River, Mana-
tee county, Fla. Owning some few hun-
dred acres of bones and river bed down
there myself, I would like to know some-
thing of this company and its opera-
tions. I have samples here and have been
experimenting for several" months on
processes of treating them."
- ..~ ~.. ~ ~r~a4s#g~a~
CUSTI.- \PP Et .4.i An,) iliu, lota
the seed head becomes woody at -matu-
rity, while u Anouna they acquire pulpy
consistence: affording a more or lessedi-
As to the flavor of thebe fruits. w,. can
speak from personal knowledge of the
sugar apple, sour sop and pond apple
The Northern papatw seems to us prefer-
able to ihe sugar apple, while the sour
sop is scarcely superior to the maypop
or mandrake. The pond apple is not
edib e, being.tainted with that peculiar
rank flavor characteristic of the magno-
The fruit of thecustard apple has been
extolled as delicious beyond description,
but we judge that every one has. to ac-.
quire a relish for it.; Professor Whit-:
ner', in his Gardening in Florida, says:
,"The fruit is said to be equal in size to
the largest, apple, and when fully ripe is
liable to burst and fall to pieces in
handling. It is such :a favorite with
birds and squirrels as :to require to be
covered with a net during the bearing
season, for protection. Another method
of preserving the fruit from depredations
of the denizens of the fort is to wrap
each one up in a piece of muslin when
about the size of a hen's egg. Only a
fruit of rare excellence could justify so
much care and trouble To market this
delicate fruit, it is gathered long before
it is ripe and matured in straw."
"This tree." says General Jenkins.
**grows in the highest perfection in the
roost rocky and barren parts of the
country, and spontaneously out of crev-
ices of rocks, and old walls, and appa-
rently wild. Plantsarepropagated from
aeed, and are of very rapid growth,
coming into bearing in two or three
For Tent Caterpillars.
The pecau, black cherry and some
otier F'lorida trees, are subject to the
attacks of tent caterpillars. These need
to be burnt out, and for this purpose an
ingenious device is thus described by
Take a piece of* soft brick known as
salmon brick, and trim it to an egg
shape; then take two flexible wires, cross
them over the brick, wrap them around
it and twist the ends together. Then
attach it by the w ires to a long stick and
soak the brick in coal oil; light it with
a match and you are armed for the
work. Asbesus may be used to advan-
tage; and a little thorough work early
enough in the season, will obviate the
necessity of more expensive remedies at
a later time. Thesoaking in. the oil may
be repeated as often as required to main-
tain the flame.
-The largest orange ever produced in
Florida has been plucked from Gardner
S. Hardee's grove in Brevard county.
The variety is known as the London
Navel. The orange was 151 inches in
circumference, and weighed exactly two
ounces.. This specimen was not a grape-
fruit, or pome, or fany othei overgrown
variety of the citrus .family- aside from
the orange, but was a -bona fide orange
in every respect.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. NOVEMBER 2. 1887.
GULICK'S PATENT BUDDING.
Its Merits as Viewed by a Prac-
Editor Florida Farmer and .ruit-Grower:
I have just been reading Helen Har2
court's letter on the Gulick patent, and
the method of starting buds by bending
down the top of. the seedling or stock,
and have this to say about it: In a pretty
extensive and diversified training in
the nursery business over a ladge extent
of country in the United States and else-
where,Ai have found but very little of
the "barbarous practice" mentioned by
H. H., namely, cutting the tops com-
pletely off as soon as the buds have
Here is the method commonly used by
those who grow and propagate on a very
large scale, fruit, shade and ornamental
trees, and prepare them by budding,
and otherwise, for the use of the public.
Nursery trees of vigorous habit are
planted in rows about four feet apart.
When ready for budding the operator
commences at one end of the row and
inserts the buds at a uniform height, all
facing one point of the horizon. When
the proper time comes and it is thought
-desirable to make the buds start into
active growth, the ground is thoroughly
worked and fertilized. Then the ope-
rator commences at the other end of the
row, opposite where he commenced bud-
-ding, and with a sharp pruning knife in
his right hand, he seizes the top of each
tree with the left hand, and bending it
toward him, cuts at a point from six to
twelve inches above the bud and on the
opposite side from it, cutting more than
half through the stock, or sufficient to
make the top remain in a reclining posi-
tion 'without being fastened down.
When the buds have grown up and be-
come vigorous, and the ground requires
further cultivation, the tops of the seed-
lings or stocks are cut off and removed.
We do not claim for this practice
that it does not to some extent shock
the young trees thus treated, but we do
claim that it only shocks them to such
extent as is necessary to accomplish our
purpose in the desired time and with the
greatest economy of labor. The flow of
sap is not materially checked by this
method. The foliage of the young tree,
being left intact, continues to draw its
nourishment from the roots, and the
entire flow of sap thus drawn must pass
up the side of the tree in which the bud
has been inserted (the other side having
been cut) thus stimulating the bud into
.early and vigorous growth.
Now, as I said, this is the plan coin-
-monly practiced by leading nurserymen
-of the United States, and I don't hesitate
to say that they are willing and ready
(as enterprising and progressive men of
sound common sense) to abandon this
system as soon as any"other has been
proved to be superior or to work to better
-advantage. That such a revolutionizing
power does not lie concealed in the Gu-I
lick patent I think must be pretty plain
to any practical nurseryman. However
-nice it may be for amateur practice
-(which I admit), it certainly will not do
for extensive nursery operation; it is too
'cumbersome and expensive.
And now just a few words relative to
'the "letters patent," and I will go further
than our friend H. H., who is surprised-
that a system long since originated by
her, and in common practice by the pub-
lic, should be -taken up and patented.
Yes, I will go further and say that apart
from the q.ue-tiou of legality, the pro-
curing of letters patent on a method or
system of doing certain work is in direct
antagonism to the spirit which has here- -
tofore characterized the nurisert men of
the United States, who have' always
taken pleasure in giving to the people,
(generally.through the medium of the
fruit-growers' associations of their re-
spective districts), the benefit of any new
method they may. have from time to,
time discovered, either in-pruning, bud-
'ming, grafting, or any other practice .in
connection with the cultivation of trees;
plants, vines, etc.
Every other class of men have taken
out a patent on the result of the work of
their brain and intellect, when they have
produced anything likely to be useful to,
or in demand by the public. But the
nurserymen of our country have origi-
nated hundreds of new and improved
varieties of fruits, delicious and valua-
ble, and apart from the advertisement
;hus obtained, lhavederived little, if any
rn':re benefit from the result of many
yeats of scientific experimenting and in-
tellectual labor than the people general-
ly. The men who have originated valu-.
able rarietiesof fruit, etc., always placed
them before the public, who have, as a
rule. cultivated and appreciated them.
and the originators have continued to
toil as before. The man who originated
a new method of preserving and her-
metically sealing in tin cans the ripe
fruit, protects his invention from the
public by letters patent, ariO for the rest
nurseryman is anathematized and abused
by an undiscriminating public for the
tiork of. the unscrupulous and irrespon-
sible tree peddler, for whobe actions he
:is in no way responsible. And now it
has come to tbis-a nurseryman has ob-
S tained letters patent on a method known
to hare been practiced for five years at
: leist in this State. and only fit or ama-
FERI DAEE NURSERIES,
AOUBURNDALE, Polk Co., Oct. 13, 1887.
: Louisiana Oranges.
The' following items are from the
The scale insect, of which there are
several species, are becoming too plenti-
ful among our orange orchards. Ifcom-
batted in time they may easily be ex-
Oranges are being whipped in small
quantities to the local merchants. Being
.: picked green and yellowed afterward by
the sweating process. they are by no points while awaiting consumption.
means a fair sample of the coming crop. The question of transit is not of such en-
They' are as sour and insipid as an un- grossing importance, as the ordinary box
ripe Ives grape, and doubtless as un- car has been found adequate, if only
healthy. moved with rapidity enough.
Owing to want of proper fertilization COLD STORAGE.
and drainage, the destruction of insect A project, of which much is expected,
pichests, ethc.,e nonsoremoval ouf r moss rated is the scheme of many of our local capi-
orchards of ten years' standing are in atalists looking to the establishment of a
very bad condition. No business pays cold storage system, similar to that
so well in Louisiana as orange culture, whia much mprevailsin Eastern cities, only on
if well attended to; and nothing sue- a much more-extensive scale. Ware-
cumbs so quickly to the influence of bad houses, embracing several cold cham-in
cultivation and neglect. bers, are to e placed at all sipping
The intelligent orange grower will points along the railroad, and producers
propagate only from the best and most may hold their fruit in these for an in-
productive varieties. The Mediterranean definite period, an improvement whicl
Sweet is said to be one of the most pro- will free them from their present slavery
lific sorts grown. The Bahia is one of to the vicissitudes of the market. A
the finest, but a shy bearer. The Im- chamber to contain twenty car loads 'of
peril, said to be a seedling of thelatter, 400,000 pounds can be erected at a cost
is a most promising sort. not exceeding $10,000. The establish-
is a most promising sort. ment of a similar system at the points of
CALIFORNIA FRUIT SHIPMENT. consumption will remove 'all danger of a
glut, and make the union independent
How the Difficulties Met With of local conditions. It only requires
How t Be Difficulties Met With time and money to accomplish this, and
are Being Overcome, the projectors are sanguine enough to
The growth of California's fruit in- believe that in it they have discovered
dustry is described in an article in the the divining rod that will turn Califor-
Los Angeles Times. After reaching the nia fruit lands into veritable mines of
point of the establishment of a trade in wealth. No cannery is complete without
canned fruits the writer says: one of these chambers, and their general
The fame of California fruits had gone adoption will solve at once the annually
abroad through the well known prone- repeated question, what are we going to
ness of her citizens to leave no part of do with all this fruit? We can't dry it
her title untrumpeted, and through the fast enough, ship it fast enough, can it
efforts of the canners, who instilled a de- fast enough, or turn it into wine. fast
sire for the fresh fruit wherever they ef- enough to keep it from spoiling on our
fected a sale of the canned. A few ex- hands. If a cargo of tropic fruits arrives
periments were made with refrigerator itis not dumped into peddlers' carts to be
cars, but this method was slow and sacrificed on the street corners; .it is
costly, as car lots had to be made up by wheeled into a cold storage warehouse
individual growers or through the delay to await the turn of prices. A shipment
of a San Francisco or Sacramento con- of grapes to New Orleans always in-
mission merchant. cludes a charge for cold storage, and the
In 1884 the enterprise took a sudden adoption here of a system which has
start. The railroad company, even at proved so feasible elsewhere cannot but
the almost prohibitory tariff of $600 per work the same results.
car to Chicago, could not handle the in- *
creased shipments in the usual way, and THE FLOWER GARDEN.
the idea of fruit trains to start from one __
central point, sucWh as Sacramento, and How to Obtain Many Hardy Or-
run on express time, was broached:
Little, however, was done as yet. namental Plants.'
Those interested were chiefly commis- Editor lorida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
sion men who cared little about the fu- While the ice king is sending his her-
ture greatness of the industry so long as alds of frost through the North as fore-
their .percentage on single shipments runners of his approach, here in Florida
was secured, and the growers them- for weeks to come we can gather beauti-
selves had not accustomed themselves ful wild flowers in the woods. During
to the suggestion ihat they could get a short ride to-day, I counted by the
along without the middlemen. The roadside fifteen different varieties of
confusion and loss due to the competi- flowers, four yellow, two blue, five pink,
tion among the Eastern consignees and four white. In many places the
-themselves was another serious cause of woods seemed like a vast garden of
discouragement. flowers. Would it not be well for per-
THE FRUIT UNION. sons who have no success with flowers
In view of these facts the necessity of they used to cultivate in their Northern
some organization of the growing indus- homes, to try some of Florida's wild-
try became apparent to those most in- lings instead of spending money on
terested-the producers. The market seeds and plants not suited to this
must be extended in a regular, careful, State?
business-like way; there must be some There are but few of the flowers dulti-
means of knowing immediately and au- vated in the North which will not suc-
thentically the fluctuations of the mar- ceed here, except bulbs which require
ket, in order to obtain the most favora- frost to perfect them. But Northern
ble rates from the railroads; a powerful flowers need some protection from the
and centralized organization must be at sun. Those who have not tree's' for
hand to press the claims of the pro- shading their plants, can, with little
ducers; and as a means of convenience trouble, construct a light frame work of
in individual shipments, in saving time posts and strips, and soon have it covered
and trouble of dealing through commis- with vines. Balsam Apple is a rank and
sion houses'and the expense of commis- rapid grower, and will stand any amount
sions, a union of producers would repay of neglect. Madeira Vine is 'a rapid
the trouble and expense of its organiza- grower and soon becomes a mass of
tion in a single season's work, and be- bloom. Some varieties of beans make
yond all else; lay the possibility of profit good coverings. But the two first
accruing to the stockholders, or rather named make the most rapid growth.
shareholders in a mutual protective asso- They ought to be well fertilized when
ciation. planted. Where a permanent,trellis is
It was to take steps leading to the or- desired grape vines make a fine arbor,
ganization of such an association that aind repay all trouble with their fruit
the Fruit Growers' Convention met in alone, besides the shade afforded the
San Francisco in the early fall of 1885. plants.'
The matter was placed in the hands of a Gladiolus planted in clumps and left
committee, and during the following undisturbed will for years 'bloom finely,
winter the California Fruit Union was if well fertilized. Cannas, with a little
incorporated-a co-operative association care, if not allowed to make too large
of California fruit raisers, for the sole clumps, riow here to perfection. Tube-
purpose of managing and enlarging the roses should be in every one's yard.
promising industry of Eastern fruit ship- 'They require almost no attention. How
ments. : many persons ever think of planting in
The immediate result of the organiza- their gardens the pretty white lilies that
tioh was seen in the handling of the spring up in countless thousands in our
crop of 1886.* About 1,200 cars, 22.'58,- woods every spring? If we would take
060 pounds, were shipped during the a little trouble we could have quite a
season-very little more than went East pretty garden, with just such flowers as
during 1885-but the results were more we can gather in the pine woods, and
gratifying to the producer, and the mar- the hammocks will supply us with vines.
ket. was handled more Akillfully. Of this 0.'
shipment 5,667,70') pounds 'went to LENARD, Fla., Oct. 20, 1887.
points west of the Missouri river, 16,- [A flower is least appreciated in its na-
930 .350 pounds to points east of the Mis- tive country. Wherever a plant grows
souri, and only 160,0380 pounds to the At- wild it, is considered unworthy of oulti-
antic seaboard. v. atiofi. Nearly all our native flowers
S SUCCES;tON OF FRUITS. have been cultivated in Europe.' Many
Thecry is for large, fine, hard fruit- of our Florida wild plants are in high
nothing but the choicest-but even soft favor with foreign florists An Amern-
fruit will find a sale at certain times, as can botanist, in visiting a florist in Hol-
during the month of July almost any land, was presented with a collection of
peach fit to eat will find a buyer in the choice plants. and on examining' the la-
burning streets of New Yi-rk The belB he found that several ol them were
Delaware peach does not appear until the -common in the woodland eld'at hluome.
end of Jul, and there is a good salof .Some of our wild plants are much im-
California peaches until the middle of proved by cultivation in prepared soil,
August. During the first weeks of Sep- and many of them are worthy a place in
temper, however, thestate of the Eastthe garden without such improvement.
em localmarket will not permit the n- Our numerous purpleGerardias-cousins
crso lcaC aoil fot permits i re in- of the Fox'glove-which bloom in Octo-
cursion of California.,fruits in large and ber and November, do no. bear cultiva-"
regular shipments. Few special trains .b November. hear cultiva-
are sent. and the union pa's $100 more tion, but several species' of Lintris and
pe'r car and attaches three or four to the Aster can he removed to the garden
express trains daily. But the Eastern easily., For late fwering, the nativeDi-
glut is of such brief duration that soon ceracndra anad Polygoella can hardly be
the late fruits again pour over the Sierra excelled.-A. H. .j
to refresh our brethren of the East. *
The short time during which the Eastern Insects on Strawberry Plants.
people are ordinarily allowed to regale Editor Florida Farmer and Fint-Groii.er:
themselves with fruit is well shown by I inclose you a few leaves of straw-
the shipments'of grapes by the union.. berry plants which shdw work of some
The early grapes of August find their insect, which as yet I have been unable
way into a market almost bereft of local to detect. The'leaves are very peculiar
fruits. During the early parnof Septem- in shape, and quite distinct 'from any
ber there are little or no shipments, and with which I am acquainted, I have
then the last grapes are again called for, not seen the fruit. A neighbor says it is
as by the time they ripen the Eastern small and only suitable fbr local use.
States are again in want of fruit. This variety is growing near and with
As'promising as the.outlook in the ex- the Wilson. The latter is not affected
portation of green fruit appears, much by the insect which depredates on the
still remains to be done. The judicious other. The leaf stems stand quite up-
applicatioin of capital can easily make it right; are much inclined to curl or nearly
the leading industry of the coast. Some close up.
method tmust be improvised so that the For the past two summers I have been
fruit may be held here in good condition greatly troubled' with a lJeaf-rolling in-
whileawaitingshipment, and at Eastern sect on the young plant ,At first I at-
tribute it to the hot sun and want of
moisture. In a day or two all the' tops
would appear as if drying up, and the'
effectwas to destroy the plants. This
same leaf roller also attacked young egg
plant. The only remedy effectual was
crushing the worm and unfolding the
leaf. Even this had the effect of
stopping the growth for some time,
and often they did not recover. Per-
haps a solution of pyrethrum may
be effectual. I shall try it another
season. As late as this I ve ob-
served hone at work, only in August
and September. With all my care, thou-
sands of plants have been destroyed by
this insect. If any of your correspond-
ents have had a like experience and have
succeeded in raising plants, I would like
to know what plan they adopt.
PERU, Fla, Oct. 13, 1887. /
HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED
A Few of Many Expressions ot
Mr. F. E. Heath, of New York City,
writes under, date of September 26th:
"Your paper can stand comparison with
long established agricultural journals in
the North; and it is beyond comparison
the best of this class ever published per-
taining to Florida."
Mr. R. J. Wright, of Tangerine, writes
as follows: "Your paper has more than
held its own, and is getting better every
week. There is a freshness about it that
makes every number an agreeable sur-
Mr. Ezra A. Osborne, the owner of the
immense cocoanut groves on the south-
ern coast, writes from his home in New
Jersey: "The FARMER. AND FRUIT-
GROWER is ahead of any other paper I
have seen in showing us Northerners the
great agricultural advantages of Flor-
Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
stationer of Palatka, writes, under date
of June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER is a perfect success. It
is far ahead of anything of the kind in
the State, and every one interested in
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Capt. R. E,. Rose, president of the St.
Cloud Agricultural and Improvement
Co., writes from Kissimmee, under
date of June 10th, as follows: "The
FAMER continues to improve, and, as I
predicted, is becoming the standard ag-
ricultural journal of the South." '
Mr. G M. Whetston, of Xfikesville,
Columbia county, writes under date of
August 80: "The FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWxm is the best journal of its kind in
the South. It is doing a good work
toward -advancing farming industry in
Mr. F. S Sprague, of Federal Point,
expresses his opinion as follows: "I have
taken agricultural and-horticultural pa-
pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro-
nounce the FI.R[DA FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER far superior to them all. You
need not entertain fears for its success.
Its merits will win its way. Please send
me an' extra espy to send to a friend in
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Mr. Irving Keek, of the Bowling Green
Land and Improvement Company.
writes under date of May 2d :: ",We
think THE FAMIBR AND FkiUIT-GRoWE
the best to be had for farmers in Flor-
ida. We always get new ideas from it."
Mr. E. W. Amaden, of Ormonid-on-the-
Halifax, writes-as follows : "I am tak-
ing ten papers on agricultural subjects,
and if asked to surrender the MARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWn, I would tell them
to take the other nine, but leave me
that. May peaee and plenty and years
of graceI be given you to continue the
Rev. T. W.. Moore, of Marion, county,
writes: "I believe your paper-will do a
good work in disseminating new ideas in
regard to f'rui raising, farming, stock
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
"Judging from what I have seen of the
FARMER AND F)RIT-GROwER, it is the
best agricultural paper published in the
South. L predies immense success for it.'
"Prof.. S. N. Whitner, of thl Agricul-
tural College of Florida,, writes as fol-
lows; "I can say in all sincerity, it has
exceeded, my mos'sanguinexpectations.
Already it is without a peer iu all the
Mr. Charles W. Steveus, of Orange
county,=, writes: "Your paper far ex-
cceds the hopes of the most sanguine
inLu s good work. It fills a want
long felt in this part for'a good. ag-
rictiltural paper. Success to you."
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bar, writes: "I- am delighted with the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, and rec-
ommend it to all on account of its com-
plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
" Mi. C.; H. Goodrich, of Orange Park,
writes: "I must say that the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly the best
publication of the kind in the State. I
take them all and can compare their
Prof. D, L. Phares, the emminent pro-
fessor of biology in the Agricultural Col-
lege of Mississippi, says in the Southern
Lice Sltock Journal: "His [the editor's]
valuable paper already appearing in the
first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
tion and prediction. They may be fully
relied upon for conscientious cofrec
ness of statement and scientific accur-
acy of detail."
Hon. J. Wmn. Ewan, writing from
Miami, Dade county, says: "Certainly
you are doing a good work in establish-
Ing an enlightened and scientific system
of agriculture, which heretofore has
been seriously neglected. Your paper is
inviting in appearance, pure in senti-
ment, and progressive in principle, and
surely must succeed."
Mr. Thomas Meeban, the distingished
horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger--
mantown nurseries, in a letter, 'dated
March 5th, writes: "I am very much
pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER, and shall read it regularly,
which you know is a high. compliment
for an editor to pay to an exchange."
Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
follows: "I look upon your paper as
one of the most valuable additions to
our agricultural interests. It is ably
edited, practical, directs attention to
matters of. primary -importance in the
development of our various industries,
and carries with it a spirit of energy and
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ery searcher after information."
Mr. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas,
Duval county, writes under date- of
April 26th : "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND
FRUIT GROWER has far surpassed expec-
tations. It sheds light on many obscure
pages in the book of Florida's possibili-o
ties in fruit, forage, live stock and in the
development of her vast store of hidden
Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights,
writes, under date of July 2: "You can
not imagine the solid comfort I get from
the sensible advice given in the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER in all matters per-
taining to the farm, from your able
corps of- contributors and the logical
views of the editor. The paper is a God-
send to the granger who is threading
the labyrinthan ways of Florida farming
and fruit growing."
Mr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes:
"The new paper is just what all engaged
in tilling the soil should have. We like
the style in which it is managed. Facts
and not boom talk is what is needed/for
the advancement of-Florida."
Mr. John A. Germond, of Keuka,
writes, under date of-July 5, as follows:
"I consider the FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER the peer of any agricultural
paper published in the South.".
Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset. Fla.,
writes as follows: "We are new comers
and have much to learn, and your paper
is just what we have wished for ever
since we arrived here. 'Our Cosy Cor-
ner' contains just what every woman in
Florida ought to read, words of encour-
agement and comfort to the homesick,
weary., struggling,: sisterhood. -God
bless "H. H.' May she live to write
many Words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
are so well suited to Florida. As our
resources in the country are limited,
they fill a large want."
Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, ex-
presses himself asfollows: "The FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER is the best thing in
its way I. have seen. It is just the paper
needed, and if you keep it up to the pres-
ent standard of excellence must become
popular with the people.. I can't see
where you have left any room for im-
Mr. J. R. Campbell, of Paisley, writes
to us as follows: "Out of five papers I
take, yours is the only one I read' every
word of." -
Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouth,
11., writes, under date of April.9th: "I
think your paper the best agricultural
paper published in the South."
Mr.-W. W. Dewhurst, of St. Augustine,
writes of the FAPMER AND FRUIT GROWER
under date of July 13: "Its character is
greatly in advance of anything ever be-
fore printed in Florida of its class, and
its aim is so near what we have long
needed that I feel it a duty togiveitaid.
The farmers and others holding the in-
terests of theSta teabove privatespecula-
tion, must organize to control the Legis-
lature aud they need a newspaper to
educate them and prepare to work out
the subjects for legislation and. secure,
unity of action."
FRUIT TREES AND PLANTS
ALL KINDS OI CHOICE VARiETIES.
For free catalogue address
TEXAS HIIEL NURSERIES.
oCHAiluES KELLER, Monticello, Fla.
- PROFIT 3 FRUIT CULTURE,
Kelsey and eiher valuable Plums. 25,000
L-conte, Keietr an- other Pears uand"Appleson
LeCn-r Estock. All the vahtableana Oriental
and Southern. frEits. Camphor Trees, Olives,
Prunes. NutTree-ofallkind,. Jerse-y battle.
Jer e7 Red JIl.gs. Seeds or Forage Plants.
Eigbhsi QuaJiyT, Lowe.t Pricep Valuable in-
f',miai 1 ollt, m Iastrared catalogue iree.
(heBhee Fa1'rm and Nurserles,
MUSE ROUSE OF FLORIDA.
A. B. Campbell,
Weber Pianos, Haines Pianos, Vose Pianos,
Morris Pianos. Clough & Warn-en Organs
Wilcox & While Organ, Poloibet -Standard
Tf ill sell and deliver at your nearest station
For lees money than any other house in the
United States. I will ship a Piano or Organ to
any honest man or woman, on trial, and if not
sati6factory, I will pay freight both ways. $26
cash and $10 a month on a Piano, and $10 cash
and $ta month on an Organ-till paid for-not
much more than an ordinary rent. On these
rery liberal terms anyone can own an instru-
nient. Send for FREE CATALOGUE contain-
Lng full information. EIheet, Music, Strings,
Violins, Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons, and, tn
fact, every musical inmstrument that Is made,
and at very low prices. Send for complete Cat-
alogues. I have 20,000 pieces of Choice Music
at cents per copy. -.
A. B. OAMPBELL,
DEVOTED TO THE
This journal will have 'or its l]ading:ob.,ect
the promotion of ruil'industries in Florida, and
-will advocate especially a more diversified and
intensive system of agriculture and greater
economy of home resources.
Assuming inat the agricalnrala.hptanonsOf
a large pornon 'of Florida are as yet but imper-
fectlv underst,,od, a peeial anm itf this journal
will be to describe the best result which have
oten accomplished, with the exaert methods em-
ployed, and all influences affecting such results;
also to suggest experiment, describe new or little
known crops, fruits,.eto, andieeerd the progress
or agriculture in nerghbormig States.
Commrencing w;ra rne first number and eon-
tin uing through the season for
There wul be a series ot articles on frut-sother
than thu e of tbo citrua group-which have
proved most succeftul in this State. Enh va-
nrery will be described and
And there will be notes- from persons;awho have
had experience in its oulttiation; Tiss will be
followed by a similar series on
And otaer subjects willhbeilustrated tea limited
'Much attention. wiMbe devoted to,
And to the home h mooidActioaoeffeagfandfertii-
zers, two economies- wheien are essential to sue-
cessful farming.. '
A due amount t space, wil be devoted to.
household economy and to repeat of the mar-
kets, and thedepartments o
wll be cooributed tby persons who have made ,
specialtid of those branches.
Ali.potiasdoi she State will receive a due
amount of atieataon, and their interests will be
represented Ly able eorrespondente.
wander no eiremstances will this journialbe-
come the -organ" of any association or locality.
It wilLstart out untrammelled and wiM. repre-.
eb allU seconds and interests with absalate mi.
Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week.
PRICE OF 8UBSCJBIPTION:
One Year ...................2 0'o
Six Months 1 00
Three Months 50
SPEoIMEN DOPS PFREE.
Address subscriptions and other business om- .
C. H. JONES & BRO.,
Communcations for the editorial department
should be addressed to
A. H. CURTISS,-Editor,
S -.Jacksonville, Fla.
FLORIDA FAMIt RANIY FRUIT G ROWER. NOVEMBER 2, 1887.
A GOOD CREED.
Some Things Essential to Suc-
BY S. L. REED.
Some forty-six years ago Henry Ward
Beecher was editor of the Indiana Farmer
and Gardener. He established a creed
in the'beginning like the following :
"We believe in small farms andt thor-
"We believe that soil must eat as well
as its owners, and should therefore be
"We believe in large crops which leave
the land better than they found it, mak-
ing both the farmer and the land rich.
"We believe that every good farm
should own a good farmer.
"We believe that without industry,
enterpriseand intelligence, fertilizers, of
whatever kind, will avail little.
"We believe in progress and develop-
"We do not believe in the farmer who
works opposite to this creed."
Though this creed is nearly fifty years
old, it is as good to-day as it was then.
Florida farmers should surely adopt it.
We are but beginners, and a good begin-
ning promises a good end. Write the
creed out in your diary book; it will
serve to remind you of a good man with
a great mind, who, though dead, speak-
eth. And the creed will freshen your
mind about the most important things in
the management of your place. I
Some seem.to forget, or as the native
Floridian says, "disremember" that the
land needs to be fed in order to give a
fair return for the labor expended on it.
The fertilizing question is being pretty
well sifted in this State, and many have
found that the same amount applied to
one acre that was formerly applied to
two, makes the one acre produce more
than the two formerly did.
A little science in this matter is very
good, but too much of it will not be di-
gested by the average farmer. In a re-
cent sermon, Talmage went on to define
justification, in technical, manner, by
theological definitions, etc. "But," said
he, "'we must have a different explana-
tion from that. It don't meet our wants,
or cover the ground we tread upon
Then what definition shall we have?
Why, believe on the Lord Jesus Christ,
and he'll let you off." -
That is a plain kind of definition for
justification. Now the farmer wants
one just as plain for his field, one
that everybody can understand,, so
that he will not have to weigh the
pros and cons too often. Let him en-
large bhis compost heap, and pile on all
the sod and trash and slops he can get,
adding lime to hasten decomposition,
bring muck from the ponds and leaves
from the woods If he has but little sta-
ble manure he can add cotton seed meal
and kainit. The end to keep !u view is
obtaining the greatest amount of good
manure for the minimum of expendi-
ture. o '
In making a beginning some kind of
fertilizer may be" bought. That which
gives the best return for the money in-
vested is what is desired. Of such we
would, name pure; guano, kainit, land
I plaster, lime and pure cotton seed meal.
Humus is wanting in our sandy pine
land, and can be ;upplied uy muck com-
posted with lime.
If every man would take care of his
stock, and be sure and have some to take
care of. we would soon reduce this
fertilizing question to such a.basis that
the different brands of this ai'rticl with
which the State is flooded would all dis-
appear, that is. as far as paying money
outside of the State is concerned. This
practice s injuring the State in more
ways than oVe, and the sooner it is
-topped the better for home interests
And here we must say what we have said
many times before, don't pay yuur
money but of the State if you can pos-
sibly avoid it, forif'youspend it here it
will return to you again. .
.To Keep Weevils from Seeds.
Edldor Fl7orida Farmer and Frirt-.roaur.r:
In the FARMER ANO F urrT-GROWER Of
October 4th. I read an article alout wee.
vils in grain, and I thought I would give
you a remedy that I used last year.
which was'effective in protecting seed
for planting, which is kepL the longest.
It serves a good purpose, whether the
weevil has got to the grain or not. I
tried it on five bushels of peas that were
full of weevils, and were heating, but
after I had used my remedy, they
stopped heating and every weevil mi-
grated to other quarters that was able to
Now for the remedy. The. peas must
be spread on something. If there are
only a few, good sized box will answer.
I spread my peas on a wagon cover then
took some pyrethrum powder and
sprinkled it over tLe peas and stirred
them well, and then put them back in
the barrel. That was last fall. I planted
those peas this spring and they came up
all right, but if I had not done some-
thing to run the weevils away I would
not have had a pea by planting time.
And that is the great trouble about
saving seed to plant. The farmer is
obliged to sell his peas or other grain in
the fall to keep itiem, from beingg eaten
by insects, and 'then to buy anew in the
spring and ,at an advance. Five cents
worth, or less, of pyrethrum powder
will. keep them. safe. The only objec-
tion that can be offered, against the use
of the powder is that you could not so
well feed the peas or grain. If .not
wanted for seed you might as well sell
them when gathered. There is one thing
I hope the people of Florida are waking
up ,to; namely, the need of producing ar-
ticles of home consumption for them-
selves and their hlivestock.
ar ", GEO. B. TYLBR.
.CANTON, Marion County, Fla.,
Oct 10, 1887 ....
Key West tobacco men talk of organ-
izing a tobacco exchange.
Saving Sweet Potato Vines.
A Mississippi farmer writing to the
Southern Live S ock Journal, says: I no-
ticed in your last issue an article head-
ed "Use of Sweet Potato Vines and
Leaves." I have used sweet potato
vines for several years, and the main
trouble I had in saving it, was to get it
in some place where my mules and cat-
tle couldn't break into it and consume it
faster'than I wished to give it to them;
for indeed, it makes most excellent hay.
I have saved it in two ways. First, I
pulled the vines off the ground with a
bull tongue plow, hauled them up and
hung them on poles, under shelter, be-
ing careful not to get them in too large a
In a short while they would be per-
fectly dry. Of course, as they are under
shelter, there is no danger of spoiling.
The next way is, though only a little dif-
ferent from the first, I think the best
way. Pull them off, as in the first case,
spread them out in the sun; this can be
done before they are carried from the
field. Let them sun about one day; this
is sufficient to cure them. Then I put
them away as I do any other hay. I no-
ticed this difference: While those under
an open shelter would get very dry and
stay so, those in a barn or loft all bulked
together seem to retain just enough
moisture to make them easily masticated
and digested, while in the first case
they get so dry and hard it makes them
hard to masticate. It is well to shake
off the dirt that adheres to the vines while
pulling them off, before putting away.
Never let the frost fall on them before
pulling. My experience is that as food
for milch cows the potato vine parallels
the most of our grasses.
Here, is my experience with potatoes,
says a Maryland farmer: -The ground
was naturally good, but very much ex-
hausted. I procured about 100 loads, or
75 tons of manure, made by two or three
horses, as many cows and a small num-
ber of hogs. The latter ran loose in the
yard, and were also fed in an adjoining
pen. The offal from the slaughter house
was thrown into the yard and was well
mixed with the stable manure by the
rooting of the hogs. About forty loads
of the manure were put broadcast on a
trifle less than three-quarters of an acre
-about 90-feet by 400 feet. The potatoes
were, plowed in every third furrow, mak-
ing thirty rows not quite 400 feet long.
Varieties,Peerless and Peachblow, which
were worked with horse and cultivator,
with some hand weeding.
The growth of vines was simply im-
mense. Very much to my agreeable sur-
prise, we dug 379 bushels of exceedingly
large tubers, beside a few bushels-of
small ones. Twenty of the largest actu
ally filled a bushel measure, and aggre-
gated forty-five pounds, the largest sin-
gle one weighing four and one-quarter
pounds. I think Icould liia-e picked out
fifty bushels, not e of which would
have weighed less than half a pound.
The Peerless were the largest, but the:
Peachblows were the smoothest and best
The Industry Being Established
on a Changed Basis.
The following paper was read at the
last meeting of the Louisiana Sugar
Planters' Association, by Henry McCalls,
a leading sugar planter of Louisiana:
The cultivation of sugar cane and its
manufacture intosugar, as now carried
on under the large gang system, and
individual sugar-oustie for each and
every plantation. are, of couise, rlics
of slavery and ante bcllum methods.
So long as sugar brought a good price.
the viciousness of this feudal system was
not felt. We went on producing indif-
ferent cane, cultivating large tracts of
land with big gangs of hands. overcrop-
ping lands ill prepared for planting: no
fertilizers used, rough cultivation, and
finally, worse than all, grinding our
cane in poor mills, or in mills so badly
managed as not to give more than 51)0 or
60 per cent. of extraction. Added to this
the loss of bagasseas a fuel, the running
out into the skim-ditch of from 10 to 15
per cent. of the juices, evaporation of
syrups in opeu pans, inveitiug large
quantities of sugar, and d> stroying still
larger quantities of fuel, costing as much
as 20) barrels of coal per 1.000 pounds
sugar, or 80 11c0c. per pound sugar.
This picture may appear overdrawn,
but all intelligent planters who will look
back a very few years can but confirm
The establishment of the Louisiana
Sugar Planters' Association, which has
thrown so much light upon our industry;
the erection of scales to weigh our cane
i.for which great enlightenment we are
indebted to our honored President, Mr.
John Daymon'i; the phenomenal studies
made in the beet-root sugar industry,
doubling it9 production in seven years,
causing the price of sugar to fall about
60 per cent. between the years 18A3and
1884, and over 41) per cent. between the
years 1881 and 1887, have opened the
eyes of the planters. There never was
a trurer proverb than that "Necessity
is the mother.of invention.' The pheno-
menally good crop of 1882, with fair
prices, revived'our "somewhat languish-
ing industryj. Plarilers having made
some money, went to world with good
cheer, prepared their lands carefully,
applied. increasing quantitiesof fertilizer.
spent largely rfor drainage, and afew of
us gave out a considerable portion of our
lands to be worked upon the tenant
system. Dofible mills, vacuum pans,
double and triple effects, bagasse burners
and recently, filter presses have been
erected to stop the losses and improve
the manufacture of sugar.
All these changes have unquestion-
ably produced the desired result, for the
crop of 1885 was dearly as large as that of
1882, notwithstanding the factthat prob-
ably 25 per cent. less land was.cultivat-
ed in cane---owing to crevasses and ot her
causes-and about 100 fewer sugar-houses
'were operated. A certain well know
plantation car be cited as an example to
show the progress made since 1881. In
1882 large tracts of lands were given out
to tenants to be worked in cane. A
powerful double mill was erected, a new
and enlarged vacuum pan introduced,
bagasse burner, etc., attached, and the
result was the crop of sugar was nearly
doubled in one year. This place made
about 2,000,000 pounds in 1882, and has
averaged for five years 2,179,000 pounds
sugar per year. The range of yield has-
been from 2,500 to 3,000 pounds per acre on
the whole crop, about 2,750 pounds
average,and the increase in acreage in five
years has been 40 per cent. These facts
are mentioned to show that great prog-
ress has been made in the past few,
years, both in the field and in the sugar-
house. We have been able to survive,
notwithstanding the fact that prices of
sugar are 75 per cent. lower than they
were ten years ago,
This season, even after the very dis-
astrous crop of 1886, we find large num-
bers of planters going into double mills,
bagasse burners, Yaryans, filter presses,
There are, however, still 800 sugar-
houses in operation in 'Louisiana, to
manufacture 140,000 tons, where 50 or 60
houses, properly equipped and judi-
ciously located, could do the work more
perfectly and at greatly reduced cost.
Notwithstanding all that has been
done, the individual sugar-house system,
averaging but 175 tons of sugar per
house, is bad and expensive, and cannot
survive with present and probable future
low prices of sugar. There must be a
subdivision of labor, the lands must be
cultivated in smaller holdings, pnd cen
tral factories -established to buy cane by
the ton, delivered at the mill.
Whenever the central factory system
is established, the incubus on planta-
tions will be removed, and it will be an
easy matter to divide up the land among
tenants, wholly or in part. The process
of division should, perhaps, be gradual,
as we have not in this country any large
numbers of thrifty workingmen to
whom we can safely in trust our inter-
ests. Each planter might, begin by giv-
ing out such lands as he feels reasonably
certain of not being able to cultivate
thoroughly, either for want of means,
scarcity of labor, 'or bo.b. As he finds
the system becoming firmly established
and mutually profitable, the subdivision
might go on. The advantage to holding
on to some of our lands is that the intel-
ligent and experienced planter can more
easily guide his tenants. The force of
good example is very powerful, arid
many instinctively do good work when
they see it done around them. Our ex-
perience in the tenant system. goes to
show that working small tracts of land
will-if the conditions are favorable,
that is to say, if they are not hampered
for want of means, or impeded by de-
fective drainage-produce better results
at smaller cost than can be obtained on a
larger scale under the gang system.
In all our parishes there is a consider-
able: white population, that becomes
under this system a class of thrifty yeo-
manry. Such people will not, as a
rule, work as ordinary laborers in planta-
tion fields, but give one of them land to
cultivate in cane, and to sell it by the
ton, and you find at' once that he can
secure the services of three or four good
white men, who will work side by side
with him-generally as plowmen. I
There are six tenant establishments on
Evan Ball Plantation, working con-
stantly from 25 to 30 white men. 'Under
the old system these men would be com-
paratively lost to the community,
viewed in the aspect of social and
political econom.. Now they are a
potent-force, and contribute in no small
degree to settle and readjust the vex-
atious labor problem,' "
Now comes the .cost of cultivating
and delivering cane to the mill. Much
'depends; of 'course, upon the kind of
lauds, whether properly drained, and
whether the lands have been kept in
order for. a term of years by regular
rotation, planting of peas, etc. Where
these conditions can be said to be gool,
my experience would lead me to believe
that first-class workingmen can, in aver-
age :seasons, cultivate,` harvest and
deliver cane to the factory at about $2
per ton, upon the basis of 20 tous to the
The conditions upon which this can be
doue may be summarized as follows:
Land and buildings given free of rent,
the proprietor to do the canaling-the
tenant must. furnish his own labor,
teams, implements, pay for half of the
commercial fertilizers, and give the pro-
prietor one-fourth of the corn made,
Under such a plan, the average fairly
good sugar house, attached to the plan-
tation and supplied with double mill and
vacuum pan, can at present prices pay
$3 per ton, secure a. small profit, and
leave a margin of $1 for the tenant or
With improved plants in central fac-
tories, obtaining 160 pounds of sugar to
the ton, $4 a ton could be.paid for cane,
and would be paid. as competition would
regulate prices. In the latter case, ten-
ants or farmers would have to bear the
whole expense of cultivation, fertilizing
and drainage, which might bring up the
cost of cane delivered to $2.50, and leave
a net profit of $.1.50 per ton.
A crop of cane properly managed is as
certain as any crop grown in the United
States, and with yield of 20 tons per
acre a net profit of $301) per acre can be
Advantages ot Soiling.
The N,, Y. Times reasons that if, as is
claimed for soiling, one cow can be kepi
on one acre the year round, and a cow
* can be made to bring $50 a year of grosi
income. the proceeds of an acre of .laid
may then be made to reach this sum
which is more than three times as muck
Sas the average yield of ordinary fare
; crops. Theadvantageofsoiling is, then
apparently so great, that, every farrmel
* who can should .certainly make a prac.
tice of it whenever circumstances ar
Favorable. But it is labor which con
quers all things; and labor is necessary.
i for successful practice of soiling. Thii
is the great bugbear 'which frightens
people who forget or ignore the fact that
if 10 cows are kept on 100 acres of land
farmed in the ordinary manner with an
expenditure of a certain atmiount of labor.
if by soiling 100 cows can be kept on the
same 100 acres, there must be 10 times
as much labor expended.- Of course, the
profit will be increased in the same ratio,
if the labor is as effective, in the larger
business as in the smaller.
DIE IN THE HO US
Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
Rats are smart, but "RouGH ON RATS" beats
them. Clears out Rats, Mice, Roaches, Water
Bugs, Flies, Beetles, Moths, Ants, Mosquitoes,
ed-bugs, Insects, Potato Bugs, parrows,
Skunks. Weasel, Gophers, Chipmunks, Moles,
Musk Rats, Jack Rabbits. Squirrels. 15c. & 25o.
"ROUGH ON RATS" is a complete preventive
and destroyer of Hen Lice. Mix a c. box of
"Rouea oN, RATS" to a pall of whitewash,
keep it well stirred up while applying. White-
wash the whole interior of the Hennery; inside
and outside of the nests. The cure is radical
and complete. POTATO BUGS
SFor Potato Bugs, Insects on
-_a Vines Shrubs, Trees, 1. pound
or hai the contents of a $1.00
box of "RoUoH ON EArs" (Agri-
cultural Size) to be thoroughly
Mixed with one to two barrels
S of plaster or what is better air
S slacked lime Much depends
t 0 upon thorough mixing, so as
to completely distribute the poison. Sprinkle
it on plants, trees or shrubs when damp or
wet, and is quite effective when mnixd with
lime, dusted on without moisture while in
its concentrated state it is the most active
and strongest of all Bug Poisons; when mixed
as above is comparatively harmless to ani
mals or persons, in any quantity they would
take. If preferred-to use in liquid form,atable-
spoonful of the full strength "RoUoH oN EARTS"
Powder, well shaken, in a keg of water and
applied with a sprinkling pot, spray syringe
or whisk broom, will be found very effective.
Keep it well stirred up while using. Sold by
al Druggists and Storekeepers. lc.,25.&$.
E. S. WELLS, Chemist, Jersey City, N. J.
Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
ing April, May or June, of my superior race
.Italian B "s and. QueSt .
Queens by mail a specialty.
Give me a trial order
For prices or other information, address
SH. C. HART,
Enstis, Orange Co., Fla.
FREE, ONE SAMPLE GOPY.
Before yon decide where to go in SOUTH
FLOR IDA, -rd for a sample copy of
THE ORANGE GROVE.
You will ind beer and cheaper bargains in
MAiNTEIE County in grovta, farms, rancnes of
any iize. Building luo on radroad, river or sea-
side. The pr.-,prietor of *I"he rOrar., Grove," is
an "old timner," but neither moos batek'd -r ide
bound; be is here to star and *"Tuere is miithons
tn it." Tnree Millions :,' Acis orn bis Books
Addre.- THE GROVE LIVERPOOL. FLA.
PATRONIZE YOUR. HOME MANUIJACTUIE,
GUIDE TO FIG CULTURE.
Tells how to grow and prepare the Fig, and describes our new flg-
COMMERCIAL SMYRNA, -
Only genuine "Fig of Commerce," and -oe- Ir -t 1 ili r tire w..rl.l, AT-, Tr,.:l,;oal: .ld Ner F
and thefinest stockof NUTS in the country. A.1.ir.,-ith'iStnii..
E-Lohi-D% HlITICLULTURAL COMPANY,
k: Mi-l.r, D.d <.i:iunim ., Fla.
Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DUNEDIN, HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, FLORIDA.
We make a specialty of the distinctive varieties of Citrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
Imperial, Riverside (buds personally selected by a member of our Company in Caliornia, and
Washington Navels, Maltese Blood, Hart's Tardiff, Du Rot. Jaffa Stark's Seedless, Tangerine,
et. In Lemons we have Villa Franca, Belair Premium Sicily, Genoa and Eureka. Also, Tahiti
Limes Peaches (Bidwell'sEarly, etc.), Plums, White Adriatic Figs, etc.,e. e ..
6ur Stock is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Catalogue free on appic ation.
Address, A.L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, I la.
CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.,
PRODUCE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
DEALERS IN -GARDEN AND- FIELD SEEDS.
We are now prepared to furnish
FRESH TURNIP AND CABBAGE SEEDS.
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.
Catalogue sent free on application.
FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
S Kelsy JapanPlums, Olivl Trees, Oran 's, Figs, LOmons, PeMans,
By the dozen, hundred or thousand, also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Florida and the Gulf States. m now booking orders for Fall delivery season:
of 1887-8R. Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.
GLEN ST. MARY NUI EBIES, G.,L, TatiUr, Pro,, Ilen.t, oMary, Pla
THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
Are in readiness to Mail FREE, on application,
A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST
to any address. Communicate with E. H. TISON, Manager, Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla.
size 40x100 T A i' on Lake Kingsley, Clay Co.,only$10. A
'OTO; feet In AZZ MIM choice 5-acre tract for an ORANGrE
|GRKOVE cot lint blO6100.
| L.t rolrin. P.nr- Lv ..ibrious Climate, a good invest- l R
prfi. -ind fronm the .i.i c P Order |
|W|aink Eli-art to JOHN r.T.-LBOI. I, la -.:r WarrantyDeed, Title g LORIl
perfect, from the
TR^OPICQA-T i JANWD QOM PA- IT",
P. 0. Bos I-is.Jacksonritle. Florida. 39W. Bay Si.
New York Charleston and Florida
New Yor-k,- Charleston' an--dFlobrida
The elegant steamers of these lines'are appointed to sail -.
FROM TACKSNVImLLE, -- .- EVERY THURSDAY
FROM-FERNANDINA, EVERY STUN'DAY
Stesaniie: are np, r.inrJ tO sail irtroi P. -r v i. E. R, N w r Y.-,rk, e-eri7 TI'ED Y ani FRIDAY
at t'. m rtie 1 lay' lp,., t- for Fernai_,iir.t aind Fi'ari7y'-i 1,[, f J.r ,LJ:kJL..rV.il,.
It F'r; anbr arI P ,i-nger 'n,.-.Orismo-i(:0ti.n_, bi th_.I Lne a re unsurpassed. Every attention
di il be i.'ir-n ,ljui .t enrru-tld t.i t:.tue Lin e. Dr-..[t r il stlpi en t'fr tnu e-rw York via CLYDE'S
FLORIDA LINE. Ple-r 2-. East R.ver. Fr (1irther ,oforimatir.n Qpl pir o v L
J. A. STEAD .Agt, F.M. IRON NCNER, .JR,G 1-.. P. A. .T A. LESLIE, A-'t,
Fil' nuaD .lUa, Fla. Ja,.:k-..,nr [l., F ',.. W, W BU T7 t., Ila k=.:. rIf,?, Fil..
THEu. G. E.ER, Tratfl-, Muar. er. WiI. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen. Ag'Is.
3, Broad way. N. Y .12 i,:. T b rre, Ph li., Pa Br...a.l-ivy. New Y'o.rik-
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRIUT GROWER, NOVEMBER 2,1887.
The FloriJa Farmer anu Fruit Grower
A.f H. CIJRTISS. Editor.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER Is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial in terests ofFlorida. It is published
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REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FIRST PAGE.-What Crops Pay Best? Cas-
sara in Florida (Illustrated); Wintering
Cassava; Wine from Sweet Oranges; Supe-
riority of Orange Wine; Patented Orange
Grader; Methods with Strawberries; The
Custard Apple (Illustrated); Florida Cocoa-
nuts;-Mealy-Bug in Polk County; For Tent
SEcOqND PAe.-Gulick's Patent Budding; Lou-
isiana Oranges; California Fruit Shipment;
The Fl3wer Garden; Rex Begonias; Trouble
with Strawberry Plants; House Slops for the
TaioD PAdE-The Good Creed; Kainit and
Ashes; To Keep Weevils from Seeds; Saving
Sweet Potato Vines; High Manuring; Sugar
Production; Advantages of Soiling.
FOuRTH PAie-Important Announcement; Pos-
sibilities of Cold Storage; Wine and Prohibi-
tion; Acknowledgments; Wine for Temper-
ance People; Not an Alliance of Races; What
is Co0-Operation ?-
FITH PAGE-Our Cosy Corner; Answers to
Correspondents; The Family Friend; Our
: Young Folks' Corner; The Family Exchange.
SIXTH PAiG-Feeding Beef Cattle; How to Man-
age a Bull; Regularity in Feeding Stock; For
Horse Owners; How to Manage Hogs; Small'
Profits in Geese; Coops for Shipping Fowls;,
Guineas in Market; Classification of Fowls;
-How Honey is Made. '
SAtvyTa' PAE- Farm Miscellany (lllustratecd);
Serial Story, -'Al the-World at War," by
Walter Besant; etc.
SEIGHTHe PAie-State News in Brief; Florida's
Timber Supply; A Letter from Dade County;
- Thar -oach E\termual.:,r; .Products of Flor-
ida; Nec Putkal RiLic,; November Weather
Table; Market Reports.
The many thousand readers of the ref ...... v' u -U wuu.iulv'ii
FARMER AND FRUIrGR.OW .R will be before Christmas will receive from one
gratified to know that in two months 0six numbers free. We trust each pres-
from now-with the commencement of ent subscriber will tell his neighbors of
the second volume-the form of publica- this offer, and make ome exertion to ob-
tion will be changed to that which has tain new subscriptions.
been generally adopted by the agricul- POSSIBILITIES OF COLD STORAGE.
Lural press of the country. It wi'I be- --
come a large quarto of sixteen or more In considering so radical a change in
pages. with a cover devoted to adver- the orange market as the cold storage
tis> ments, which can be removed in bind- procesb is expected to effect, it should be
ing. A fine quality of paper will be borne in mind that great reforms and
used. the edges will be cur, and the title- inveniions are seldom brought about
page heading % ill be of new design. An without some discouragements at the
index % ill be issued with the last uum- outstart. Rome was not built in a day,-
ber, rendering the sEcc.ud volume-a con- and the system of marketing now under
renient and very valuable book of refer- consideration will not be perfect in a
ence. The same style of type will be single season. There are first steps to be
used as now. and the columns will be of taken, experiments to be made. difficul-
Ihe same width, but four to the page in- ties to be met and overcome. There are
stead of six, and proportionately shorter, contingencies that cannot be calculated
The public will be justified in the in- for in advance. The keeping quality of
ference that the proprietors of the Florida oranges has been called in ques-
FARiER AND FRUIT-GRoWER are war- tion, and as regards fruit gathliere early
ranted in making this improvement by in the season wo know of no experiences
the unqualified success of the journal, calculated to solve the question. Next
and by assurances of its continued and winter's experiments ought to settle that
rapid growth in the future. A journal' matter.
that starts out as this did without prom- If by any process that is not tooexpen;
rising favor io any locality, to any pri- she our fruit can be preserved fresh for
rate or corporate interest, or to any par- a term of months, a long step in advance
licular organization, and which, on the will have been taken.- Then arista the
contrary, pledged its independence in question of markets and of freights.
all things, must stand on itsown merits. The former question we considered in
Its vigorous growth under such circum- the last number. As to transportation,
stances, and the innumerable expres- the system aimed at now is shipment in
sions of approval which have come from refrigerator cars, by train loads if poB-
all quarters, prove conclusively that this sible. In that particular there' may be
journal has met a popular need, and that no material improvement on present
a great future is'assured to it simply by methods. Has any one considered the
following the line of .policy thus far question of employing cold storage on
pursued. board of iteamners and schooners? Freights
The FARMER AND .. FRnrT-OGROWER by water are very V.uch cheaper than
made its appearance at a time which on land. Refrigeration can be made more
may be termed the turning point in the effectual, because 'the Aame mechanical
State's industrial history It., was to reet appliances can be used-as in a cold
thischange and give voice toa new pop- storage house on land. The fruit would
ular sentiment;.that this journal was es. have to be loaded from points oni the
tablished. -A citizen of oneof thesouth, lower St. Johns river and unloaded, we
ern.counties writes to the editor: "It is would suggest, directly -into cold ware-
time that new 'departures be.-made in houses, somewhat as grain is unloaded
the.old systems of alarming in Florida. from vessels into elevatorE.,_Tbe latttr
intelligent new methods will pay." That rise from the water side sometimes
expresses the spirit of the times'a'nd the twelvd'--stories in height and grain
.Se-ttiment-wbich thiijOuirnal.has-ad.vp-,.is, -transferred.--.-to; and from them_
-' '"*''~~-'~~ s2 -' -
cated and sought to build up on the sub-
stantial basis of facts and experiences. -
As evidence that the FARMER AND.
FRUIT-GROWER has the cordial support of
the most intelligent and progressive cit-
izens, it is sufficient to refer to its large
and able body of contributors, compris-
ing a hundred or more of the best agri-
cultural writers in Florida and many in
other States, among whom are such vet-
eran writers as Dr. Dariiel Lee, of Ten-
nessee; Dr. D. L. Phares, of the Missis-
sippi Agricultural College; Hon. A. N.
Cole, of New York; J. K. Hoyt, of New
Jersey, besides several representatives of
the Department of Agriculture.
A considerable accession to the present
number of contributors is expected, and
various attractive features will be added.
For the benefit of orange growers the
latest market reports will be published
during the season of sales. Arrange-
ments have been made with reliable
houses in New York, Philadelphia, Bos-
ton, Baltimore, Chicago and St. Louis,
to send such reports by telegraph on the
eve of publication. Every farmer and
fruit grower, and every housekeeper as
well, may be sure that Volume II will
be worth to himn many times the price of
subscription. This journal is devoted to
Florida's industrial advancement, and
it deserves the support of every pro-
With this change of form of the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER the only
objection that has been urged will be
removed. There has been much dissat-
isfaction w;th the "newspaper form,"
and without doubt hundreds have failed
to subscribe because in a journal of this
class they wanted something in "book
form," that could be filed handily and
bound for future reference; This change
is now assured, and further improve-
ments will be made ii proportion to the
journal's growth. '
The proprietors have made arrange-
ments by which they will be enabled to
supply, at a small cost, a superior binder
or temporary cover, in which the num-
bers may be placed as received and be
kept as securely and in- nearly as con-
venient shape as if in a bound volume.
At the end of a year, the completed vol-
ume with index may be bound in regular
form, and the cover used as before- for
the succeeding volume.
. Desiring to commence the new volume,
with a largely increased Eiubscription list,
the following offer is made as- a special
inducement: Each subscription to the
FAR.ER A.N FRUIT-GROWER, accompa-
nied by two dollars, that is received be-
tween the 15th of November and the 1st
of January, will be dated so as to expire
at the end of the year 1888. The same
privilege is'extended to those getting up
clubs. Thus it will be seen that those
who subscribe first will get the most for
0163r MAWO--- PC'nothl Ana --.- -^--i
with great rapidity. On the same. trying to ferret out, is themaking, of a t, credit until thle share is paid for. In
principle, that of theendless chain, crates merchantable cider from sweet oranges. ,th itf;'.- tisi way fcnilies that never before had
of fruit or vegetables might be traris- Mr. E. H. Hart came to our assistance :, : Saved a cent. and were habiuually in -
debt to the grocer are accumulating cap-
ferred to or from a ware housewithout on the subject of making wine from i IN UNION THERE is STRzNOTII. :it|al. Members perform a great deal of
being affected by change of tempera- sweet oranges. The article to which he the labor without pay and so keep ex-
ture. alludes, concerning wine made by Mr. Not an Alliance of Races. penses down.-Pacific Fruit Grower..
By employing ocean steamers with cold Mitchell, has been furnished us by an IThe official organ of the Farmers' *
,chambers and refrigerating machinery, obliging correspondent, and is repro-I Alliance in Florida, defines the attitude, Hints.to Correspondents.
the whole of Florida's present orange duced on the first page. Mr. Neeld's of that organization toward the colored Tihe" readers of the FORepA Fulli-.
-race in the following editorial: A Nti FEO-IGROER are res-pectfully in-
crop might be marketed in the ports of communication on the same subject will In the third day's session, ..of the xited to contribute to its columns articles
Great Britain, France, Germany and be found still more interesting. In our National Alliance the most important and notes on all subjects pertaining to
Russia. For such shipment the fruit previous editorial n this subject we said, question discussed wasgthe disposition of the farm, garden, orchard and house-
might be transferred by refrigerator "We have no reason to*think that an- the Alliance towards the colored race. hold affairs. The range of topics which
might be transfeed by ergeator We have no reason to think that any- It was forever settled that the negro will be discussed in this journal may be
lighters to the mouth of the St. Johns or thing deserving the name of wine can be could have no connection with the Al- gathered from the subjoined table, which
even to Fernandina. The possibilities made from sweet oranges." We are aware lance. That it would be far more pre- may serve to suggest what might other-
are boundless, aand if our oranges are that almost any beverage of an agree- ferable,and better for both parties, for iee escape attention
found to be well adapted to the new sys- able, sprightly flavor, passes under the eachto have a separate and distinct or .- FARM MxN A(IEMENT.
ganization. Clearing land, draining land, crops'for
tern, andto keep well,for a fortnightafter name of wine, just as any picture made The uegroes of Texas have a large and *new land, succession of crops. inte'.sive
having been subjected to cold storage with paint is called a painting. Perhaps strong organization, chartered under the
laws of Texas. known as the-Planters' farming, treatment. of different soils,
for several months, the orange growers our ideal of wine is too high. At any laws f Texa kown as the Planters' rigation, soiling vs. pasturing, cowl
Alliance, a nothKe, 'of which, Clipped- penning. green manur'ing. ,
of Florida will yet be rewarded for their rate we yield to the persuasions of Mr. from -the Southern Merenry, will be
long waiting, and their "hope deferred" Hart and Mr. Neeld so far as to admit found in another column. This is as it DOMESTIC ANIMALS. "
will become hope realized. that genuine.wine probably can be and should be. The more intelligent among Horses, :mules, cattle, hogs, sheep.,
That the plan of trans-atlantic ship- has been made from sweet oranges. If thle colored race do not desire to go into goats, poultry-Breeds, feed, discasees,
en pose b i b no means an aie n dan organization with the whites. They treatment. ... -
ment proposed above is by no means such an article can be made we would contain the same benefits of co-oper- STAPLE CROPS, .
chimerical, may be judged from the favor its unrestricted manufacture. We action, make the same trade arrange Corn. oats, rye, wheat, rice-Varieties,
following statement. It will be conced- know physicians who recommend sour merts, and educate their members iu the yield per acre., soil and season, difficul-
ed that if oranges can be shipped ;orange wine to their patients, and have science oft economic goterinment, and ties encountered, general treatment.
better methods of farming. by having Co/to--Longand.9'ortStaple-Plant-
in this manner from Australia across no.doubt that it is a healthful beverage. their separate and distinct organization ing and culture, marketing, manage-
the tropics to England with any profit It seems that people must have sftimu- than by coalescing with the whites. As ment of seed, products from the seed.
to the producers, they surely can be lants, and if good and cheap wine can the Fa'rmers' Alliance is a noble, moral, Sugar ('antf anrd Sorghum- Varieties,
shipped thus with greater profit from be had in abundance we believe it will social, edu-ational organization, in culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
i fro go s fa twr stfyn ti ,. which the noblest ladies of our land take Lon of market
Florida. The statement below is-from go so far toward satisfying this craving part, the wives and dau.Lhters of our Toac-Varieties. history in Florida,
the San Francisco Bulletin: that a popular sentiment can be buildup farmers'. There will never be a coin- recent experiences, seed, culture, mann-
The Australians have recently been which will sweep all bar-rooms and dis- mingling of colors. facture .
sending oranges to England by tha cold- tilleries out ofthe country. Those who desire a Union of the white tIre.TS. 0: : --*- _
storage process, on regular line steamers, and black into a secret organization are .R ..
an crd mel ndflvo, win f eecro3T- an the friea nds u; either .iior do rfutwnadotheyCta s-orn parioducts.ri
which, deliver their cargoes in about We should ave acknowege last no the friends of either, nor r do they iues ruiets- Comparison oi e a, me-
forty days. The results have some week our obligation to Mr.IStephen wish the burden under which the tiller ties,ardinessand productiveness, qnc acmetb-n
n to he s f ih or Populr rn :o ili, th uaoori led fr
terest, for Californians. London fruit Powers for our illustrative cutof Angoraot'th. bil( ,is t-dy lboInglfeVrmos ipgain ehd fpatn
dealers iform their at usralian eeco r- g-oats, of ewt which hh kind l u ot our th ul ers. Wh en a ''scopnt' and culture comparative effects of fer-
delr inf rm hei "Autraian vor goat,' f 'ih e kinly loanedu su an i zps mak tn of ru ,p eev d n
respondents that the fruit isuapt-toha e- eere comes around singing the "'dar people" tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
pan acrid smell and flavor, owing too hav e le ctro -yp.r and the olear sgro, it makes me of fruit, wine another products.
being picked inan immature condition,. Wie for Temperance People. tired! .Peach. pear, fig, perrsimmon, loquat,
and carried Ain the cool-chamber, whiche- ..nefor The bdesot lesson the colored race is the Kelsey plum, native plum, muel-
prevented natural maturing during te The following is a communication independence;teach them self-reliance. berty, quine, apricot, guava, banana,
voyage. In sh ome cases the oranges were from S.Marvin,. of Watertwn, N. and let-them have confidence in their pineapple sapodilla, mango. avocada
found to have sufferedfrom frost, owing Y., to PopularGardening own ab ility, th c is can onltey be secured pear. co,oanut, pecan, English walnut,
tothe low atdmperature of thecool-room. Thereare few subjects o which t here through their own sep. arate an. dstinet almond, pomegranate. olive, grape,
It was blAieved that with further an adhereso many wrongimpressions, crude organization.- We commend to the strawberry blackberry, raspberry-Va-
perience these difficulties might-be over- and untenable ideas, as to the Wine ques- colored ,race of this State the colored rieties, effects of soil, weather, ctc.
come. It would be necessary to allow tion Let the average agitator of. tem- Planters Alliance of Texas. metods of cul ture.
fruit sent by the cold-chanberprocessto peane principles be told about temper- ia s
ripen thoroughly before picking and to ance wine, and they have never heard of The iane is rail adate t tai' NATIV
creerature of the- it eand perhaps wil-not believe there is non-poitical, secret business association. Planting trees for ornament or utility,
actalrefullwtsh hae tem ,eauen ob tlaned ,r = l haw ee^^ 'v ......---
carsucllywahtahthin,'he inreay al -. It does not seek -to force any issues on the burning over of forest lands, the
chamber to prevent it falling too low, genuine r
S.er "ipeent'unfermntd wine is a w n tural te menn any people, but asks them to co-oper ate lumber and turpentine industries, the
thrangmessmppeaersom Napies torr yda- dney din kbte.. -nat. .o. .a ,ascottonraeisersandgo into themselves tanning industry, phenomena of plant
by the same steamers nd carried in ancerink, b ei ay the n r ao and meet such issues as they may have in hie, weeds and noxious plants.
their vegatable rooms in a temperature unfermented jie of the grape just as
of vata4legrees wr deliereduin nature gives it forth. any ;way they choose.-C. W. Ma- N. B.-Specimens may be sent to bhe
about 4 degr.. .. Te ce s-ip i -cune Preident of the National Farmers' editor for identification. Information is
prefectly sound condition. An experin- The latter i s a little more difficult to eand Co-Operative. nion. of desired respecting popular names and
ment in shipping oranges from Austra- keep fresh than is the fermented J uice, America uses.
ia to England in sawdust is now being but modern science and the resource of The Planters' Alliaace is rapidly ab Plants adapted to this climate, out--
tried. Much is hoped from It, but no the culinary department of every well sorbing the local organizat on in the door culture, management of green-
actual results have yet been obtained-- .ordered kitchen ar aple for the pur- South for the colored people. Its business house.
Iffuter experiment; on e lines Pose. Al that isneeded are the processes working are in strict ac- FOIRAGE CROPS.
show that by the cold storage or other applied in fruit canning. and this same fr a w iare Ain nr it ac mur- rb
proBescesuorgs and dothe fits candbem natural temperance wine, the best of all Lord With the Farmers' Alliance, and t Bermuda grass, crab grass, Para grass
phrotes orangesand other fruits and te tratea is an ally of that organization. The Guinea raEs, Terretl grass, orchard
successfully shipped from the antipoles eerage usn e y man. come out pure Farmers' Alliance does notadmit colored grass, red-topgrass. Johnson grass, Texas
to Europe, Calitornia growers may loog and fresh. just as you it open a da of two rr -top g uassr naoural Txs
forwrd to havinrgan the wrl faor, peaches or tomatoes, perilous to membershipbut it is willing'to blue grass, pearl millet, German millet,
forw ard to having th e w orld for a PC o o e a wi h E e Pl n rs A l a c ,
market. It will. be noted that what- Incanning, the natural juice of al ithe cope a he Planters' Alliance, millo maize, kaflir corn, teosinte, sorg-
ever development fruit growing may grape may be directly used.or it Way be which is made up entirely of colored um, fodder. corn, cow peas, desmodi-
attain indAustralin fit willnotwint -boiled down by a low degreeof heat.'andPpieo-ple.-Farm and Home. um, Mexican clover, lIespedeza, alfafa,
attain in Australia, it will not interfere thie dqor bricalo re of iver ane Corporations that wish to secure cer- b eelilotus ....,..
as itb our markets, because the Austra- then i diluted when opened. For sick o oran ha s scr e miot
liean fruits come in just when ours are people, for children, for aged people, for ta gislation are ever ready to spare SPECIAL FERT'.
out of season. The colonists ship oranges all sorts and condiLtion, it is a delicious, no means to put in the Legislatures men
ti Jueasondu adhfi un. Tie cl nau rsheing drink ccep e ind o e the.f'can depend upon. It is time that Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn-
oin JuneandJul, and orherfruts eduringe roish inesg drink, acceptablene ed to pe tarmes everywhere pursued the same yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
S iter nr in ot e strictest sect of temperane people policy, so fa as necessary, but by honest per-pospate, gypsum, ime, kainit,
is no interference. California thi ees thue point hand is furnish-by mean es l.ar posta pare, spca, liam euleam-.
ing this natural juice of thegrapebt e only.-Farm and Home. ashes, marl, much, leaf mould, cor---
bat hrel and tierce. ,I e o
WINE AND PROHIBITION. The old way of preserving grape juice What is Co-Operation? Ms ISCELN O SUrey-crs.
andthat has comegoe downhc a b fo iages, ins d is not an 3 noxpe ra- ntnr Bees and bee plants. silk culture and
ctht ofhe Jour down from barbarian s o'ioeoperation iaaexperi6,0ment, orthe mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
Because this journal does not condemn namuely, as fermented wine, if made from something new; nor is it in any way con- and dog laws, fences and roads, legisla-
the growoingof wine grapes and the the natural juice alone, is no more harm-- nected with socialistic or labor organiza- ion for farmers, homestead laws. trans-
t aow of i es n ie lthanlagerbeer, whileit isa tlouand tions, as many seem to think. portation, marketing produceeper-
manufaclue of fruit juices into winetimes more delicate and edicinal in its It is a very plain proposition or plan, mental farms, agricultural education,
some ultra prohibitionists may regard it nature. In this form it po-sesses but a whereby two or more persons unite en- home manufactures, natural storyofn
as opposed to temperiance.On ahe con- small per cent. of alcohol, and the alco- ergies, muscle, brains or money, for the ma ntrn historioit, s pry aoi
hol is enautls etotherDE the dangerousoD ArFlorida, historic points. sanitary advice,
trary, we go farther than the average holis anticeter, not the dangerous good of all. the benelilsgoing to each, far- bildingshoue furnishing, farm
Samyllc alcohol or fusel oil. The trouble according to the service rendered or machinerys, farm implements, water
pruhibitionist and claim not only that in thecase of the wine of commerce is money expended. Supply, cooling-appliances,recipes fow r
t be sale of liquor in ar ooms should be that liquor fabricators fortify their wines Coopem-ation is organized self help by cooking, home decorations, household
absolutely prohibited, but that the man- with this amylic alcohol to increase its honest labor and honest trade; the piofit-s economy minerals and earths, im-
ufactureof whbiskyv, um, gin and other keepingqualities,a substance thatshould being equitably divided among those tology, hints on the care of children, on
Never be employed, who create them, whether by work of dress, habits, reading, amusements, etc.
highly alcoholic liquors should be ruade Temperance people should do all in land or work of brain. It means con- In treating of the above and related
a penal offense. We claim th at such their power to introduce the natural un-I cert for the diffusion of wealth, and sulajects practical ex eience is much to
prohibition is sel-evident right and con- fermented wine, especially for use by in- leaves no one out who helps to pioduce184; l ie acia e e p
fneriabes te con o. f a w valid fdeor sacramental purposes for a it. It touches no man'sr fo tune: it seeks be preferred to theoretical know.
forable to the constitution. If any harvest drink, etc.. instead of ice water, no pluu.dei; it causes no disturbance in edge; yet there e topics needing dia-
selfevident right does not conform With and even as a drink public houses sn cety t entes into no secret associa- cussio which have to be treated oft
sienlfvidenlic I soc9'.3s ntr cofr f9t100 per c ia- from a somewhat theoretical stand-
the constitution or with the views of any Every garden in the land should have its tions. fm a o teHa theoea st
Congressman. let the former be amended row of vines, and when the fruit, ripens "In union there is strength" "It is by noint.
a small wine press should be procured, concert in industrial operations that We do not daesireletters written mere-
and the lattersuperceded in office. and this natural wine pressed and used wealth arises rather than from individ- ly in praise of special .localities unless
We prefer not to discuss this subject as long as the grapes can be kept. Then ual isolated exertion." Since the work- claims to favor are based on the products
here, and do not invite discussion. There instead of intemperance and degradation ing man is one of the instruments in or productiveness of the soiL Articles
is a clds of subjects, including politics there will come higher bealh and purer creating the wealth, he ought to get a of an animated or vivaciousstyle are de-
morak. $,reasonable share of i e. sizable by way of variety, bu .practical
and religious creeds, which cannot be Some time ago I wrote to Dr. Nichols, In 1882. England had 1.346 co-opera- statements and descriptions should be
discussed publicly without arousitng i u"' 'of the Journal of Chemistry,.one of our 'tire societies, with '661,000 members, concise and as much to the point'as pos-
tense and unreasoning antagonism, and oldest chemists, ab,,ut the differences of. having an aggregate capital of $88.000,- sible.
it would be woise than a waste of Ne the alcoholdspertainig to wines, and 000. The gross business for the year was All communications for the editorial.
foxicating ~ ~ ~ ~ sp Iis ch subjetg to wines anindl1't60.000.leaging hisdiviend for turhaes year 'WLUWCiW '^
am glad to be able to present his answer $130,000,uOO, at a profit of 10A per cent. department should be addressed to
to allow of a discussion of such subjects. here: (on the business done, or a net profit of EDITOiR FARMER A ND FR UIT-GROW SM
in a journal like this. which, to actom- BOSTON, Mass., May I, 184S7. 26 per cent. on tile capital mtn'.ted .
plish most in its selected field of work, MAr. D. ,M. 3arviii: One of the most successful do-opera- Ladies' Purchasing- Agency.
should bi strictly non-partisan and non: .DER Sm--Tbe "disease of drunken- tive stores in the country is that of the A New York lady oftheeerince and
sectai tan, enes" is due tothe "ethylic" or common Arlington Co operative' Association at asNew Yjorki ad f eracties .nfor
alcohol- in the vineor Jiquor. The amV-- Lawrence. Mass. The eighth qua, terly taste, enjoying the besta
On the Subject of temperance, how- lic alcohol or fusel oil is a very dabi- statement isan exhibit that any business shopping under advantageous..condi-
ever, we should not be altogether silent', gerous substance, and- renders liquors might be satisfied with. The numberfons, offers her services to adies desir-
quors ,ang to secersaanyiekindtof weeanumbgap-
because someof the industries that an containing it more harmful. The enau- members on October 1, 1886, was-351i, arel.toiltarticlesaor household good
thic ether-nuot alcohol--is a natural and the share capital paid up was
agriculturaljourrnal has to~deal with are product in wines, and in the usual quan- $5,755. The average capital mnuse for tbe at New Yot~k prices. Send for circular..
closely connected with the temperance titles is proba-bly harmless, giving an year was-$3,840. The total sales for the Address MIss S. S. Jones,-,
question. We believe in no recognition agreeable flavre, and taste, but. -I should year eliding October 1st, were $45,384.94; -179 GatesAve.. Brooklyn. N. :Y. :
of or: compromise with thy the ti~tense not. recommend any artificial addition of the gross profits. $8,060.51; the expenses, "'. ...
~it to wines. Its only" effect, is to give a including salaries and interest $4,209.19; A Home in .Florida..=-
system) any dealer in alcoholic or-other better taste to inferior grades, and if the iet profits, $8,770.82; the dividend Your attention is'calld~tb tile offer, bf
poisons. "The cup that cheers but ,not added in large quantities would probably divided among purchasers was $8,1"18.40; a lot in.Maceddnia City,. ,Le.- boutlty,
inebriates" weapprov;e of, and we would render it unwholesome -The artificial the'amount. carried to sinking- fund, Florida', and t,'yeatr's'bnhcipt~outo.a"
encourage th~e manufactureof bee ag'sznanthicetlher is probably different from $651.92; the interest paid on capital at'5 leading paper M the State'for; $4...Mad-
bvrgsthe nditural product of the grape or other' per cent. $192.07. and the total return edonia City 'is flfteen'niilei '&buth 6f.'thfe
such as ciders. cordi~als,.lhome-made beer fruit. "- Yours truly., on the average capital employed 'Was ter'minus of thd-Florida 'Soutlieidf Rail-
and the like. A. P. NtcnOtLs. l$3.962.39, or 103 19-100 per cent. Tne road 'at Trhbbe, 'aud"yerlbd~ks thb fd"-
In articles contained in this and pre- -I gross profits were 17 76-100 per cent.' bn famed bay~ofCliatlbttkHarboi-, 'the'moet
In ubeso i Ftr t Southern Cotton Manufacture sales. The members are those who own maagnificent sheet or~w~at,-ib Weh South.
FRTGIOWRIS nubes onitoiatngf th FRains.D The Piedmont Cot ton Mills, of Pied-' share capital, and share capital receives An unparalleled'r offe~r..-' '-ddresa,' for
FRUI.GRIVE, nn-inoxiatig wnesmonut, S. C., are preparing to use steath only 5.per'cent. int~erest-....-All profit is samplecopydfpap&;iztd'?ull p~ait'ciulars,,
are desci ibed and highly praised.' Of poewer instead of water, distributed aoVong purchasersihi proper- T- ATOF_ .I-~fB t CO. ,
ciders made from other fruits than aF- The eleven cotton mills at Columbus, tion to their sales.' Purchasers who are -, .-KReyWst,Floridd. "
pies we have no. knowledge, and we Ga., -uses $3.000.000 of capital and gives not nmeubers are allowed onehalf 'thd ...-. .- ... .
wol lktoko thditcio;fwork to oyer 3,000 persons, percentage of dividend that-ilembers re Grovesw*here&Willia6's; cilrkltC~ so'
there bie anbtweeno them adis nton;i-i In two y-ear's cottoJn manufacturing in crive.- Any one may become a -merbet" Oi'ange Tree F,'rtillzer h as'bbdn ed.ar
....New Orenhisicesdfo ,0 y pa) ing $1 towards a shir~e abdi hihen lookitg.fineiy,". "'' '.. -
tosi6fi~ingthr be in,qts. beweThe thmsubjecta~ no.-we are slpindlesi6 :29.00.0.Ne ren 'a nraedfo leaving his dividend on purchises to his "- .. ''' .t4fl -ca" g 0'..i ..
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. NOVEMBER 2, 1887.
HELEN HARCOURT. Editor.
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
must he brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
EDITOR OUR HOME-CIRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,-
Our Cosy Corner.
Although we have already given the
renovation of black silks some attention
we have yet one more process in hand
which turned up "too late for classifica
tion" in our previous issue. It is the ne
plus ultra Parisian method of cleaning
The modus operandi is very simple, anc
the result infinitely superior to that
achieved in any other manner. The sill
must be thoroughly brushed and wipec
with a cloth, then laid flat on a board o0
table, and well sponged with hot coffee:
thoroughly freed from sediment by being
strained through muslin. The silk is
sponged on the side intended to show; it
is allowed to become partially dry, and
then ironed on the wrong side. The cof-
fee removes every particle of grease, and
restores the brilliancy of silk without
imparting to it either the shiny appear-
ance or crackly and papery stiffness obh
trained by beer, or, indeed, any othei
liquid. The silk really appears thicken-
ed by the process, and this good effect is
permanent. Our readers who will ex-
perimentalize on an apron or cravat
will never again try any other method.
At least, so says our authority, and very
likely it is true. Certainly it is easy to
Cleaning kid gloves for cool weather
wear is one of the "Things Apropos." Let
us see how to go about it. It is a good
thing to know, for many are the dollars
spent to replace soiled gloves that might
be saved if their owners only knew it:
Mix one-fourth ounce carbonate of
ammonia, one-fourth ounce fluid chloro-
form, one-fourth ounce sulphuric ether,
one quart distilled benzine. Pour out a
small quantity ir-a saucer, put on the
gloves and wash as if washing the hands,
changing solution until gloves are clean;
take off, squeeze them, replace on hands
and with a clean cloth-rub fingers, etc.,.
until they are dry and perfectly fitted to
thu hand. Thiu cleaner is also an excel-
lent clothes, ribbion and silk cleaner: is
perfectly harmless' to the most delicate
tints. Apply with a soft sponge, rub-
bing gently until the spots disappear;
care must be taken not to use it near
fire, as the benzine is very inflamma-
Feathers soiled or faded, or with their
"hair out of curl," can be made "as good
as new" at home. To clean them, soak
them in strong soapsuds fifteen minutes,
then draw gently between .the thumb
and forefinger a number of times, and
rinse in warm water. Then hold them
before a gentle fire, stroking them light-
ly until nearly dry, then curl the sprigs
by taking three or four at a; time, and
drawing briskly between the thumb and
the back of a silver knife or pair of scis-
This is the way to clean feathers if you
want to renew or change the color, use
aniline .dyes (according to the directions
accompanying the package) immediately
after rinsing the feathers in warm water,
as above. To color a good black is dif-
ficult for an amateur, but all othercolors
Talking about these dyes, we will say
just here that white cotton stockings,
which can be bought so much more
cheaply than colored ones, can be color-
edat home equal to those purchased
ready colored, and, for school children
especially, are much to be preferred to
white ones.-. ,1 .
Where articles made of white cotton or
linen, have rust or ink stains on them,
use, instead of a solution of oxalic acid,
which is apt to injure ithe fabric, two
parts of powdered cream of tartar and
one part of powdered oxalic acid, mixed:
dampen the stain and rub this mixture
on it with a dry cloth. As soon as the
stain disappears wash well with warm
We heartily appreciate the following
graceful tribute to the worth of our
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRtUIT-GROWER
from 'ne of our favorite contributors.
Her letter is full of good -common sense
(which is one of the most uncommon
commodities we know'of), and we hope
soon to see such principles and- practice
prevailing in every home where life and
its higher duties are held at their true
Editor Our Home Circle:
When work is well performed I hold
i tb be a duty to accord the approval
and praise that is due the workers. Our
-Divine Master assures us this shall be
done when all things are brought into
the light of the last great day. Those
.who have done well shall hear the
"Well done, good and faithful servant,"
and we are to follow Him. Now, I
think the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
is doimgae good.workl, in'its- line, as can
be done. I mean every line in it, from
first to "finis," and the Home Circle is
equal in all points to the "brother on the
other page." I have the good fortune to
have met the said brother, and he paid
me the compliment to ask .contributions
from my pen, but that don't make me
think any more of the paper. It stands
upon its own merits.
I have not met you, but I thank.you
for your good work in behalf of the sis-
rerhood. Your ideas and mine coincide
exactly about the folly of sweeping, E. V. B., Altoona, Fla. Many thanks
dusting, and sewing our lives away. It, for your description of a "home-made
has been a part of my housekeeping creamer." The Family Friend will tell
creed for a long time that "dust we are, us about it next week.
and unto dust must we return," and it is *
useless to kill myself fighting my native The Family Friend.
element, and thereby return to it sooner
than necessary. I don't like dirt and From our valued correspondent, "Al-
filth, and will not tolerate it, but when I tana," we have the following recipes for
am tired I can sit down very compla- the preparation of our great .'golden
cently and look at a floor that would look fruit," the orange, and this is what she
all the nicer for a little sweeping, for I has to say about the basis of the several
care more for myself than I do for the dishes, "the custard:"
floor. "You asked some time ago for orange
I do not feel guilty of a crime if all dishes. By many trials I have succeeded
parts of the house and furniture in comrn- in making what every one who has
mon use are dusted thoroughly but once tasted calls excellent, either as sauce, or
a week, and the rooms seldom used can in pies, cake or shortcake. Some may
await my convenience. I have no sym- think it too much trouble to make, but
pathy to spare to women who work I find we can have nothing nice without
themselves to death in order to be praised labor. This sauce is made in my family
for extreme neatness. The Lord made not less than once a week during the
us to enjoy life, not to waste it; to im- winter, and when it is made, it is no
prove our mental faculties th it we may trouble to make the other dishes from
the better glorify Him; not to put our in- it:"
tellects to such groveling use as to be ORANGE CUSTARD.
always exercising ourselves to find how Pare ten oranges, leaving no white on
much blushing, scrubbing, sweeping and them; cut each section out with a sharp
dusting we can find upon which to wear knife, leaving the tough white all to-
out our strength. I had rather walk gether; squeeze out all the juice which
into my neighbor's sitting room and find is left in it- throw away the tough centre
that she had stopped for awhile the with the seeds and rinds, using only the
treadmill of the sewing machine, with juice and pulp; pour off the juice in a
the litter of scraps and shreds all around granite kettle or bright pan with about
on the floor, while she indulges in the one pint of water and between two and
recreation of reading the FARMER AND three cups of white sugar; beat about
FRUIT-GROWER, if she is so fortunate as one cup of flour with enough water to
to have it, or any other good paper, book make a smooth batter; stir this in the
or magazine, than to find her "pegging boiling juice; beat thoroughly three or,
away at that machine," with every shred four eggs; stir in, and take from the
gathered into one little space, and the stove; add two or three tablespoonfuls of
'floor immaculate in its excruciating butter and the pulp which you drained
neatness. I always feel as if a visit to the juice from; to flavor it, pinch some
one of that sort is an intrusion. No time of the rinds over it; a little is sufficient,
to read or visit, nor anything to relieve as the oil is so strong. This is excellent
the tension on. brain, nerve and mus- filling for pies baked between two crusts,
cles. Nothing but work. or omit the too crust and add.a meringue
S"THAT IMPROVED METHOD 0
Writes one of our corresp
ferring to an article of ours:
IDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GRo
t tober 5th), "That improved
budding trees" needs, venti
enough. We arrived in Flori
* 1880; in the early spring of
saw trees budded the sam
turned to the west or south
Grove owned by Mrs. M. J
Yalaha, Fla., and I have bee
Captain Haines, on the east i
Harris, used the same met
years ago. Now YOU, with a
have too many honors a!read
the loss of being the origin
method. [However it may '
honors, we are not at all s
hear that some one- saw th
sense method of starting bu
our experiments, and we ex
truth were known, that the
method'" is "as old as the bill
in the United States ,but in I
China.-ED.] "But I echo yo
tinent question. 'can any on
fered with by the law for using
od'" [We observe that a w
Florida Dibpatch, comment
claim of the "new discover
above method, and his "pat
makes the same query, an
that he himself shall take o
on the method in which he
legs while hoeing, and charge
to all who spread-their legs
manner. The cases.are cert
site.-ED.] "If so, tell Mr. '
to look out for his laurels
: some'sharp fellow will patent
ting.roller,' explained and il
the 5th of October number.
that worthy of a patent [so d
to it, Mr. Horne, but reme
friends willwant a "frtee ride'
would hate to see it given to
T. J., Tangerine, Fla., writ
accept ny. heartfelt thanks
private fruit the Home Circl
pulflic property. Wise and
gift. I endorse the maxi
products for home consumpt
at the Mechanics' Fair, Bos
.I was-shown goods made
needles, and was told many w
to' -Florida. ['".Coals to Ne
ED.] -Please tell us howe to m
mattresses from needles, mo
available material, without
machinery." We will use o
deavors to find the desired in
and meantihie would be gla
from any of our readers wh
experience in this direction.
W. B.S Tallahassee, Fla.,
appreciate very much your
articles on pet stock. in ti
FARmER AND FRUIT-GROWER
not but believe they will exei
fluence with all your readers.
ers of various kinds of domest
as horses, cattle, dogs and ci
necessarily observe the influe
ferent treatments." Thanks
appreciation and kindly bel
answer to exchange item has
warded to advertiser, and v
serted. Letters by mail of Oc
also dairy circulars.
Mrs. W.-J. N., Micco, Fla.
wish more of the Florida s
washing machines, instead of
lasting rub, rub, rub. If I can
of them by telling them ab
Cousin Helen, let me know."
so many humbug machines o
on the market, all of them,
' the best,"'that we should lie
to have the particulars of on
been tried and not "found wa
let us bear. from you, Sister
tween.you and me-"-anud-.the lHi
Sister N. is always getting in
and only gets out by the scra
pen. "There's the rub." '
E. M. M., Chattanooga. Te
D., Portsmouth, 0.; Mrs. L.
nooga. Tenn. Queries replied
A. F., Jacksonville. Circ
letter sent October 20th.
: Mrs. S., Sarasota. Fla.; A.
nant, Fla. Dairy circulars foi
in the FLOR-
)WER of Oc-
rida early in
that year I
ie way, all
west, in the
F. Bryant, at
en told that
side of Lake
dy to fret at
ator of the
by beating the whites of two eggs with
a little sugar, and place in the oven until
a light brown (or strictly the truth, a
yellow), or eaten as sauce I like nothing
Make a dough as for baking powder
biscuits, only richer; divide it into as
many parts as you want dumplings; roll
out, not too thin; put a tablespoonful or
two of the custard in 'the centre; draw
the edges together in the centre; put in
a pan; sprinkle sugar and small pieces
of butter on the top, and cover the bot-
tom of the pan with boiling water; pour
it so all the top will be wet; this gives
-them a gloss when *done; serve with
more of the custard for sauce..
be as to the ORANGE SHORTCAKE.
surprisedd to Make a dough same as for baking pow-
he common der biscuits, only richer (a quart of flour
ids prior to will make one with three layers); divide
expect, if the into as many parts as you wish layers;
" improved roll out one not over one-fourth of an
s," not only inch thick and size of pie, pan; place in
Europe and pan; spread butter or sweet lard on the
ur very per- top; place another layer on this and
ie be inter- spread as the first, and so on until all
g that meth- are on one pan: if the pans areg small
inter in the there may be four layers; bake same as
ing on the biscuits: when done, start the edges
rer" of the apart with a case knife, when lo! they
tent" on it, almost fall apart; spread the custard be-
id suggests tween the layers while hot; serve each
ut a patent piece with more of the custard.
-spreads his ORANGE TRIFLE.
'e a royalty
in the same Make a corn starch pudding without
ainly appo- eggs, and while hot pour over a small
V. P. Home dish of this custard.z
; some day' This custard can be the foundation for
it his 'cut- many dishes, and will keep for several
lustrated in days if kept from the table.
He thinks 'With a little more thickening. this
do we; look would be nice for cream puffs or layer
ember your cakes.
'-ED.j but GRAPE FRUITi SAUCE.
the wrong 'This fruit makes excellent sauce for
YV WREN. supper if prepared in the morning. First
S pare them; then cut through the. centre
)ndentS. across the sections; dipouc eacb section
es- .PleaI with a tin teaspoon, leaving the white.
for all ehe but squeeze this a little, to get some of
e has made the juice; sweeten well and stir a few
Spro bl times during the day. This is even bet-
profiable ter the next day. I have heard of great.
ion.' Whiloe ing a little nutmeg in, but have never
on, MassWh tried it. ALTANA.
from pine A BREAKFAST DISH.
rereshipped Potatoes,eggs and c"ld-hashed meats
wcastle."- do not come under the head of luxuries.
manufacture But if the hashed meat is carefully
ss or other warmed, well flavored and put on toast.
expensive if the potatoes are chopped and browned
ur best en- and put around as a garnimshli. with a few
formation. capers and a border of parsley. you have
ad to hear a dish an epicure can enjoy.
o have had FOR WHOOPING COUGH.
Dr. Barety, of Nice, has successfully
disays: Vl employed turpentine vapor in the treat-
delightful A ment ot whooping cough. The drug is
c aORIan allowed to stand in the room occupied by
t, andcan- the patient, a resort to which simple ex-
rt great in-pedient i believed to greatly lesson the
As breed- severity and duration of the malady.
ticanimals, Dr. Bareltv was led to a trial of this
c kenf, we remedy by observing a marked improve-
nce of dif- ment iu the case of a child severely af-
i for. your fected who had been allowed to sleep in
ief. Your a newly painted room, redolent with
Sbee ad. in- turpentine odor.
'to .er 24h. OYSTER ESSENCE.
Take half a dozen large oysters, put
says: "I them in a stew pan, with sufficient salt to
sisters had render palatable: place them over the
that ever- fire, and let them simmer slowly until
n assist any they swell; then take them off. Strain
bout mine, the liquor, and serve it with dry toast,
There are or light biscuit.
)f this sort VEGETABLE BROTH.
of course, Take two potatoes: one carrot, one
e that has turnip, and one onion; slice them, and
I that ha" s boil in a quart of water for an hour,
ing," Bso adding more water from time to time, so
rN -rBe-Ir as .to. keep -up. the original quantity..
om sirclalavor. with salt and a small portion of
toh srapeaf pot-herbs; strain. This is a good substi-
tch of her lute for animal food. when the last is
enn.: L.C. inadmissible-. -- .
C., Chatta- PAP t.*-BOILED FLOUR.
to by mail, Tie a tencupful of flour closely: in a
cloth, and boil six houis; then remove
culars and it and let it cool; then grate two table-
spoonfuls of it and mix it with a small
C. F.; Co- quantity of milk, and stir the mixture
rewarded as into one pint of boiling milk for five
. minutes, and -sweeten to taste with,
white sugar. A good diet for children
Take half a chicken, divested of all fat,
and bre k the bones. Add to this half a
gallon of water. Boil for half an hour
strain and season with salt.
Our Young Folks' Corner.
BY ELSIE'S MAMMA.
Well, boys and girls, I see our Cousin
Helen has been telling on me in the is-
sue of 21st September, so will have to
drop the hoe and mittens and take up
the pen before the rake, or she will be
after me with another "paper stick."
You know I promised to tell about El-
sie's pet squirrel, "Budge," but before I
"induce" (as a dot of a little girl I knew
said when she ran up-stairs to hurry her
mamma down to introduce.two other lit-
tle dots at, her birthday party), -you to
"Budge" we must have a word about
squirrels in general.
1 read some time ago in a juvenile pa-
per an article about squirrels, in which it
said the word squirrel was derived from
the Spanish language-meaning "the an-
imal that uses his tail for a blanket."
Nearly every animal has some use for
that appendage. Now I think it would
be a good subject for a composition for
you all to try, and think (hold your good
ear open now) that Cousin Helen would
publish the best of them [Shouldn't won-
der.-COUslIN H.], and then you would
have your name in the paper, which
would be a surprise for papa and
mamma. Now turn the other ear. If
Cousin Helen publishes any with ad-
dresses I will lend the writers our book
to read, called "Helen's Babies," from
which we took the name for our Budge.
Don't tell anybody, but'I have read that
"charming little book," as Mrs. Scott-
Siddons callsalls it, five times, and when I
had closed the book the fifth time, a lit-
tle voice at my elbow said, "Now, ma,
begin it again."' Perhaps Cousin Helen
will say I'm into another ."scrape," but
never mind, I want the writers of the
compositions to have a good laugh, just
as we did. [Now there's a bargain, cous-
ins; you write, I publish, you read
about Helen's Babies (not Picoaro and
Jack, though.)-COUSIN H.]
Now, for Budge. Where is he?
Whistle for him, papa. A, .here he
comes, hopping along as "lively as a
cricket." Now, boys and girls, this is
our Budge. Budge, here are the young
folks waiting to hear about you. Now
sit up like a good chipmunk-oh, I beg
pardon, I mean like a good Florida gray
squirrel, and "rest your face and hands."
Well, our Budge first saw the light
through a hole in a tree away down-on
Indian -River, in the summer of 1885.
There were two of them in a nest, and
were found by a young bachelor while
brushing' his- place.- He kept-them- for
some time, but finally brought them both
in a box to Elsie. We did not know
what to call them at first, but. decided.
on Budge and Toddie, after.."Helen's
Babies.'" We had brought-a bird cage
from Jacksonville, which proved a good
thing to tame them in. It was very
amusing to see them make a nest in the
Spanish moss we put into the cage. How
the little chaps would cuddle together
and spread their blankets'over them-
selves. For awhile we fed them on milk,
which they took with much sputtering,
out of a spoon held between the bars
every two or three hours, Budge was
always, the larger and stronger; so poor
Toddie would have a bad time occa-
s:onally. They often reminded me of
the propensity in human as well as in
animal nature, of the stronger trampling
on the weakly. When they. began to
know us, we could open the spring door-
and they would quietly walk out on our
hands and up on to the shoulder and
then the head, where they would sit up
and look around. Every morning when
taken from the cage they would make'
their toilet, which always caused us to
smile. It was comical to see the two
little bhaps it up and after rubbing their
noses and ears, comb out their whiskers,.
then groom their tails, which took their-
fore paws and nose together, and wait
for their breakfasts. Now, they always :
forgot one thing, children, that. I hope
you don't, when -making your toilets.:
Can you not guess? Nol WellI will
have to tell you. They forgot to clean
their teeth. Don't you make that mis-
take.' : .
Poor Toddie did not stay long with us.
as be had convulsions occasionally,
which seemed to become chronic. .In the
firit stages we would waim a cloth and
lay him in it where the sun would
keep him comfortable and bring him all
right in a few minutes. If he were the
book Toddle he would have been saying.
"Toddie one boy day," which song al-
ways seemed to cure him.-
: At last one day lie had such a bad tit
that allwe could do for him seemed of
no avail' and so he died, and we had a
little funeral. In one respect it wds
like that of Sir Thomas Moore, as "not a
teat- was shed," but I heard an audible
sigh, followed by I"poor Toddie," in bro-
ken accents. All the crying was done at
Budge came in for all the attention
after Toddue's death, and became so
noted for his tricks that he was men-
tioned in one of the river papers
We were building at the time, so he
had full access to timhe house where he
still had his nest. How we used to
augh at his endeavors to find a soft spot
)n a hickory nut, then crack it for him
dnd watch the quickness with which hbe
could clean it out. His preference was
'or acorns, and when. he found they
iame from ouT pockets, he turned a rog- "u
lar pickpocket, but would sometimes
forget and go to sleep there. Oh, I tell
'on he liked the Cosy Corner as well as
he rest of us.. ; ,' -
(To be continued.) .
A novelty infoot rests is called the 8
milking-stool, because the foundation is
.n ordinary three-legged wooden stool,
Po convert this stool into a handsome
i ornamental foot-rest the legs are gilded
the top is covered with embroidered
plush, with a puffing of satin around the
edge. The legs are then ornamented with
large ribbon bows. A pretty foot-rest
r can b ke in the same way by ebon.
izing the legs and using felt, cretonne 01
other inexpensive material for covering
instead of plush.
Of course you know you can make
your own stool; a square or circular
piece of wood, with sloping auger holes,
of a size to fit broom handle legs.
The Family Exchange.
Open to all subscribers of the FLOIDnA FARM-
ER AND FRUIT-GROWER, for purposes of ex-
change, and also for sale of home productions or
natural objects, such as jellies, embroideries,
sea shells, plants, etc Advertisements and
answers, to avoid delays, must be addressed to
the EnDITOR OF O(UR HOME CIRCLE, FLORIDA
FARMER AND I'RUIT-GROWER, Montclair Flor-
ida. Each answer must be accompanied by an
unaddressed stamped envelope, in which to for-
ward it to the advertiser.
Would like to exchange grade Jersey
cattle for half-breed Clydesdale or Per-
cheron stallion under four years old.
How many common goats will some
one give for:a nickel-finished Forehand
.& Wadsworth seven-shot, 22-calibre re-
volver? Cost when new, $11; present
'value, $5. F. H. F.
Will exchange Seaside and Lovell's
(pocket edition) novels, Allen Quarter-
main, King Solomon's Mines, Witch's
Head; also some by Ouida and other
authors, for others in same libraries.
Lists exchanged. Books in good condi-
Wanited-Confederate money and post-
ageytamps, also all kinds of old postage
stamps in exchange for Haggard's "She"
and "Allan Quarterman," and other
books. Address, Collector.
I would like to exchange pure bred
Plymouth Rocks for pure bred Light
Brahmas, or would exchange strawberry
plants of the Florida Seedling variety-
the earliest and best berry for Florida-
for Wyandottes. Address C. H. W,
I will furnish rooms on the Ocean
beach at Sea Breeze, opposite Daytona,
in exchange for labor in carpentry, in
orange grove, or in gardening. Would
like also tor exchange shells of small
size from this part of the coast, for
shells of other and distant localities. Ad-
dress W. F. S.
I wish to exchange Nos. 24, 29, 33,-85,
of the FLORIDA' FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER, for Nos. 2, 3, 5, 6, and 27. Ad-
dress, G. B. T.
I will exchange plants, seeds and em-
broidery patterns with our sisters of the
Home Circle. Will also exchange a
good magic lantern and three doz.-n
slides three and one half inches wide
Muck Ten Cents Per Cord.
If you wish to get out muck cheaply get a
MUCK MACHINE AND EXCAVATOR.
For particulars address
ff. W. HOOP,
EXCELSIOR ORANGE FOOD
This reriizeir' i tbh mncr pcriect( O:nag F<:-(.1 in their mnrker. It coint a all the rigredienti
neele1 br thei Orange Tree., in their proper proporrinn, ri : Pbo-piioric .'ed. Potash, Calcium -
,inin A\z.[e, in Einree iorn. ard t fr.'n, lour dulrent souiruc'es.
F. O. B. ship or ra l in Chl rlar ton ........ ............. ... ..... .. ..... .. ........128.00,
F. 0. B. ship or rnd at ,Ja n .......... ................. ........... ......... O6.00
F. 0. B. ship or rail. aN'fi'rd or En rpri .... ..... .. .. . ......... ... B6.50
Apply to 0. DE G(. BERTOLA, Proprielor. Enterprise. Volisin Co.. Fla.
ROOT ROT, RUST, DIE-BACK AND SCALE
treated by 0. DE G. ]2ERTOLA, who has had 85 years' experience In the groves of Italy, Spain,
British India and Florida. Consultations, written.or verbal, free.
STO CT--EK, M]M TO P.A.-
FOR SALE I I, 'i i IIATELY.
S7,000 to 8,000 Citrus Trees. comprising Villa Francn a Lemons, Washington 19a-el
and Jafla Oranges, Mostly Lemons. Must be sold in a lump. -Terms reasonable.
Some one can make money by handling them. Address
G. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary, ,ra.
Glen St. Mary Nurseries.'
33 30 "A. %T
Commission Merchant and Forwarder.
Wavyeross R. R. Wharf.
Wayeross It. Depot,
I have in .to k and to n ire 25:,1i,0 Bangor Orange Boxe. 0,000' Gum and Poplar'Oran.ge
BxE, jO.00 (in Orange Br.x Henis, 7tb.0..0 Ora ige Box Hoops. 5i),&.0 i eams Orange Wraps. -
SIZERS, TRAM CARS, ORANGELCLIPS, LADDERS,
and' oiber Oruweri' Sipplirc, alloftwhichwill be sold at the Lowest Posible Rates.''.
I have iLce rvrL best facities for the distribution and aale of orange.. Conlgrnments solicited.
er, d for Stenils, Circularisand Price Lists.
Absolutely Puie Animal Matter-Guatranteed Analysis.
BONE AND BLOOD.
Ammonia,.7 to 7- per cent. Bone nPhosphater25 to 380ipecent;> EqualJto..PJmW-
phorine Acid, 13 to 14 per cent. -
Amimonia,' 8 to 4 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 50 to 55 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phorio Acid, 28 to 25 per cent.
See that our name and Shield Trade Mark is on every Sack. Prices and
Samples furnished on appUeation to
ARMOUR & CO., Jacksonville, PIa.
WEIGHT AND ANALYSIS MARTRW ON EACH SACK
(landscape and comic) for the best offer
of fruit trees, etc., before Jan. 1st, 1888.
Diameter of pictures shown, from eight
to ten feet. Address, Mrs. W. J. N.
Wanted, to exchange pure extracted
Palmetto honey, in five gallon cans or
demijohns, value $4, for 'correctly
named budded nursery stock in variety,
or fine poultry. H. G. B.
I have several hbundredsof well-grown.
budded orange trees, from one- to two
inches in diameter, also sour trees, which
I would exchange for peaches, vines,
etc., or live stock of any sort. I will
also exchange good English saddles and
bridles for peach trees, vines, etc., or
live stock of any sort.
Would like to exchange white and
double pink oleanders for the double
crimson, yellow and willow, or an
other varieties of the .same. Mrs. L. S.
Wanted-A spring mattress, also six
electro-plated teaspoons; offered in ex-
change, black velvet for winter hat or
bonnet, and many other useful and or-
n amental things to select from. Box 147.
Will exchange Florida moss for pieces
of bright silks and old ribbons, that will
cut into one-quarter inch strips not less
than six inches long. Moss to weigh
double as much as silks. Address,
Will exchange vocal and instrumental
music, in good condition, or Florida
moss, for Seaside or Fi-anklin Square
Library books, Haggard's "Allen Quar-
termain," "It," "Dawn," or "He."
Send list. Address, Kate.
ESTABLISHED 1856 .
"200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.
P. J. BERCKMANS, Proprietor.
The sto-k of
FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES,
specially grown for Florida, consists of every-
thing adapted to that climat.os.
Send for Descriptive Catalogues.
Feeding Beef Cattle.
Few farmers in the Cotton States have
made money feeding beef cattle through
the winter for the early spring market.
It is not because there is no money in
the business, but owing to a combination
of circumstances. In the first place,
our native stock is not the most prof-
itable kind to select from, as they are
naturally slow maturing, and are
not susceptible of fattening so rapidly
under systematic feeding as the grades
from the several distinctive beef breeds.
The native stock: has been bred for no
special purpose, and therefore is more
of an all purpose animal than a special
milk or a special beef breed. In feeding
for beef, we want to feed a special pur-
pose beef breed.
A feeder of beef cattle must under-
stand his business thoroughly. He
must know how to select good stock; he
must understand the best age cattle to
buy; the best season of the year to pur-
chase and the most economical ration
for his special purpose. Of course he
must have good shelter; he must feed at
regular houis, by the clock, no guess
work; he must never over feed. In
feeding cattle just from the pasture, the
ration must be light at first, and in-
creased very slowly and gradually.-, If
put on a full ration at the beginning,
evil results are certain to follow. If an
animal is over fed its whole internal
system becomes deranged, its digestion
impaired, and it will require several
days, if not weeks, to get the animal in
proper tone again. In the meantime, the
damage done by this over feeding.will
be apparent in the fact that little or no
increased fat is put upon the frame, and
if there is no increase of fat, there of
course is no profit from the .feed given
while the animal is at. this "stand still"
point. There is more danger of over
feeding than under feeding. In feeding
beef cattle you will have to study-the in-
dividual characteristics of the animals.
This will teach you that some animals
will 'put on flesh more rapidly than
others, while they may eat less than
some others. It will teach you that
some animals have a better digestion
than others, one eating an amount of
rich food without evil results, that
would derange the whole system of an-
.In .changing diet, it must must be
done gradually. Experienced cattle feed-
ers give very little grain at the start. It is
usually a month before the cattle are
put upon full feed, the increase being
Three months is probably as long as
any one pan afford to feed beef cattle,
at the outside limit.
In the Cotton States we should think
that ensilage and cooked cotton seed,
with a little hay, would bc- the cheapest
food for beef cattle. The cooking
would not only make the cotton seed
more palatable (a few ears of corn mixed
in cooking will give a better flavor) but
likewise more digestible. The ensilage
would be easily digested, and whet the
appetite for the cotton seed and dry hay.
Feeding the dry hay in combination
with the succulent green food, and the
soft .cooked food,, would make it more
digestible, and being more easily digest-
ed,of course better results would natural-
ly occur from its feeding,
About one mouth, or at least three
weeks before selling the cattle, it would
be well to have corn take the place of
the cotton seed, substituting it very
gradually. This substituting of feed
ill have the effect of hardening the fat
and giving a better and more agreeable
flavor, to the beef than would be the'
c ise if the cotton seed were fed in large
quantity up to near,. the time.of slaugh-
In purchasing- beef cattle to feed, the
fact should.not be overlookedthat. a two
year old, all other things being equal,
will take on flesh far more rapidly than
a three year, old, and with less feed.
The younger the animal the cheaper it
can be fed, and the greater the gain in
weight per day over the older animal.
This is a good general rule to observe,
and the closer you observe it, the
greater will, be your profit in the end.
Of course there are exceptional cases, as
there are exceptions to all general rules.
-Southern Live Stock Journal. -
How to Manage a Bull.
SHaving handled Jersey bulls for many
years, says a writer in the Country- Gen-
tleman, and just now having hbd some
extra trouble with an eight months' old
animal, I herewith send you description
of a device which may prove useful to
some of your readers: I tookp piece of
hard wood, one by three inches, and cut
off two lengths, nine inches each ; planed
them down smooth ; laid them on top of
each other and with a brace and five-
eighths inch bit bored a hole in each end
and one in the center. Then took a
strong piece of half-inch hemp rope, put
a knot in one end. The middle holes I
used for the head piece, -which .ni'usat .be
adjusted to the size of the animal's head.
then-under'th'-jaw, I put.-another, leav-
ingthe second k not loose enough for the
animal to e'atbutiniol so ,munch arto let
Bimnet it'ffo-s u'et an*d*cftting thts
rope about long enough to lead by. In
another piece of wood, six inches long,
I put a hole at each end. to which I at.
tached the short.rope and'a longer one--.
acting as a swivel-and when we'led the
bull out in the field and,-stumped4 bhim
down with a twenty fo' tether, Ble lel
like a Jamb, after one day, and it was
wonderful' how quickly he gave in tc
letting me be "'boss."
Regularity in Feeding,,Stock;
While it is highly important that ever
a farmer should provide good food fot
his horses and cattle, yet it is equally
important that they should be fed regu-
ldrly; at's'tated'p'eriods. A-nimals'are
good time-keepers, and if'the hour passe:
at which 'they-are commonly 'fed; .they
are apt to-make their- wants known; ,es
jeii"lly is this the case w-ith'tle cow
SIt is a very bad practice to feed her oftem
Choice Field and Garden. Seeds,
And also carries a full line of Agricultural Im-
plements. Catalogues free on application.
TO THE TIMES-UNION JOB OFFICE,
CONNSELLY& DUNNE, Lessees.-
and irregularly, and some farmers have
an idea that almost every time the barn
is entered the cows should be given hay
or fodder. This is a mistake. The great
object in view is to keep the cow quiet
and contented, which can be readily ac-
complished by regular feeding, and sup-
plying .gll the food they can eat. If fed
in this manner in the morning, the
cows will lie down and chew the cud
and are not disposed to be annoyed by
the visits of any person. In the winter
season the second feeding should be
about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, which
will allow them to have from that time
to the milking all they will eat, and
giving a feeding of hay when the milking
The first stomach of the cow should be
empty, or almost so, before more food is
eaten. A cow chewing the cud cannot
be hungry. This regularity as regards
feeding should likewise apply to water-
ing and milking. This regular system
of feeding applies fully as well to pigs
and sheep, when the latter are in winter
quarters. Animals can be as easily
trained as children, and every farmer
who bears this in mind will be amply
rewarded by the fine appearance of his
stock, and the affection which will be
bestowed upon him by them.-Southern
For Horse Owners.
In a recent lecture before the Pennsyl-
vania State Board of Agriculture, Dr.
Harvey, among other good things, said:
The horse should be made comfortable
at his work. His harness should fit
without galling. His bridle should be
long enough to bring the bit down to the
angles of his lips-not so short as to
draw them up an inch or two above
their natural position, as is so frequently
the case. The blinds should not touch
his eyes, nor his eyelids either. His head
should not be reined uncomfortably
high. On a long journey, or in pulling
a" heavy load, he should not be reined up
at all, He is surer footed when his head
is free, and, if he should stumble, he re-
covers better if he can throw his head
down and thereby-relieve his forelegs of
a part of the weight of his body until
they get in place again.
Thousands of otherwise good farmers
are handicapped in just this way. They
keep poor, in efficient horses, unable to
do constant work, and then make up, as
they suppose, for their inability to work
by keeping several more in number than
are necessary. There are, in our climate,
always idle days enough, without adding.
to them, for horses by keeping those un-
able to do steady work.
HOW TO MANAGE HOGS.
Turning Their Rooting Propen-
sities to Good Account.
Editor lWorida Farmer and .P'uit-Grower. ,,
The letter from A. J. A., in a recent
number of the FARMER AND FRUITi
GROWER .leads me to say that, in my
opinion, there is no other stock that pays
so well for feeding as hogs. But to be
profitable they must be well fed from the
start. It is poor economy to half keep
any kind of stock. It takes more feed
to get unthrifty and neglected stock in
marketable condition. A pig that has
been well'fed is easily fattened and will
weigh'250 or 800 pounds when one year
old. I do not mean a razor-back pig,
but a Berkshire or Poland China.
-In the corn regions of the West the
farmers feed the bulk of their corn to,
stock, and when they get $4 or $5 per
100 pounds for their hogs they consider
they are getting 40 or 50 cents per bushel
for their corn. The hogs of the West
are fattened altogether on corn, and not
very economically either., The pens are
generally placed by a branch so the hogs
can get water, and the corn is fed to
them on the ground, much of it being
wasted. Of course there are exceptions,
but this is a very common-way.
Here we can buy corn from 60 to 70
cents .per bushel; and in some places
cheaper than' that, making our hogs
worth $6 or $7 per' 1006 pounds. We' do
not have to feed entirely on corn. We
have cheaper feed. such as peas. peanuts,
chufas, cassava. and the various sor-
ghums for forage. Rye can also be
sown for pasture. There is no time of
the year when we cannot have part of
their feed growing. '. ;
Where there is no stock law the' hogs
can run out on the range in the day
time and be penned up at night. When
managed in this way they require very
little feed. By keeping plenty of muck
and other refuse matter in their pens for
them to root into the soil you can soon
have a rich spot of ground.
For fertilizing my trees -I have light
movable pens, eight feet square. Two
.men can easilycarry- the pen, .allowing
the hogs to walk along as the pen is
moved. I have the muck hauled and
unloaded near the tree, first shelling
some corn, and put the muck on the
corn. The hogs soon associate muck
and corn together, and are ready to at-
tack any muck pile. By having a num-
ber.-of pens a,grove can soon be gone
over. a Aghrden'ortruck patch can be
fertilized in the same way.
I feed allcooked feed,.except-theshelled
corn that I ur' unader,.the'muk. Hive
raisedj-my own meat and'lhIrd, anhiTat
n"ft sane tifie' barv been fertilizing-my
Ground. Have never found any trouble
in selling all the pork we had to spare al
ten cents per pound.
-.. :I have two hogs in the .pen now thai
'root in three loads of muck every day. I
, emov the pen.morning, noon and night
t- was novilg tle pen yesterday when a
Neighbor who was present asked me why
SI did not put some muck in the per
where they were. He was surprised
when I told him that there had been a
load.put. inth~d pn that morning.
i The advantagesof putting muck in
r pen and letting hogs root it in, are thai
Sit saves handling a number of times anc
- the hogs mix it better with the soil.
Also keep plenty .of dry muck on hand t(
ii bedimy horse and-cow, but I started t(
write about hogs, and will stop.
-, . H..W RooP.
McMEKi. Pultnam County, Fla.,
SOct. 14, 1887.
Poultry and rs.
Small Profit in Geese.
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
The Florida Agriculturist of the 12th
inst., in an article on the management of
geese, says: "These fowls pay very well
indeed for keeping." As this is contrary
to my experience, I will give your read-
ers some information on the subject. I
have a swimming pond fenced in on a
branch of Miller's creek, adjoining my
poultry yards, where I keep my Pekin
ducks, and thought I might try geese
First, I sent to Indiana for a dozen eggs
of the Toulouse variety, and put them
under two hens. They cost, including
express charges, 40 cents apiece, and
none of them hatched. I next sent $10
to Indiana for a pair of old Toulouse
geese, which came by express at a cost
of $4.85. They looked remarkably alike,
and when the time for mating came, I
could not tell which was the goose and
which the gander. I wrote to the seller
in Indiana for information, but received
only evasive answers. One of them
finally laid two eggs, which were placed
under a hen and proved to be unfertile.
I then concluded that I had no gander,
and as the season was over and they
fought my ducks, I killed them off.
The next year I bought in Jackson-
ville a trio of common geese for $2, a
very fine looking white gander and two
gray geese. When the proper time came
the gander mated with one goose only,
and I killed the other. From the pair
kept I raised five young ones (one having
died very early), and when next Thanks-
giving day approached I had 'on hand
seven full-grown geese- in good condi-
tion. I tried to sell them, but was una-
ble to get an offer above 50 cents apiece,
As they had eaten by this time at least
one dollar's worth of corn each, I re-
fused to sell at that price, although it
was all the dealer in Jacksonville could
afford to give, they being retailed there
at from 62 to 75 cents each.
We had plenty of geese for Thanksgiv-
ing, Christmas and New Years, which
was all very well, but I failed to see
where the profit came in. I intend
very soon to procure a pair of white
China geese, and keep them on my place
for ornament. ALBERT FRIES.
ST. NICHOLAs, Fla., Oct. 19, 1887.
Coops for Shipping Fowls.
For shipping chickens to market we
have seen nothing handier than the
splint and wire hamper.' The bottom is
made of oak splints woven together.
Strong oak bows and braces go over the
top and these are covered with wire net-
ting. There is a door on top. .
These. hampers will hold from.one to
three dozen according to the size. of the
birds and bow closely they are crowded.
It is bad policy to crowd too many
together or to put poultry of different
sizes and kinds in one hamper. Mixed
lots do not sell so well and, besides, the
strong are apt to trample on the weak
and cause suffering to the fowls and loss
to the shipper. It will pay well both in
the ease of conscience and the money
returns it brings to provide everything
necessary for the comfort and, safety of
poultry, while en route to market.. Af-
ter being cooped poultry should be for-
,warded with all possible dispatch and the
starting :so: timed that they will arrive at
their destination not later in the week
than Thursday. Of course those who
live near markets and have an under-
standing with their commission house
can ship at any time; ,
:The express companies 'carry thou-
sands of coops of poultry every year, all
over the country, from, Maine to Cali-
fornia, -and steamships carry them to
and fromiforeign lands. A light and
comfortable .coop for shipping by ex-
press is made of slats and burlap goodd
stout muslin. The bottom is closed tight
to keep the toes.of the birds from injury
and prevent litter and gravel from fallinLg
through. To insure safety this coop
should be well nailed together. since they
have to stand a good deal of knocking
about on the journey. We make a coop
in which the front slats are omitted and
the burlap goes all around outside of the
uprights, and braces are nailed diagonally
from corner to corner on top of the biur-
lap. This makes a very strong but light
coop, and the fowls get all the air they
need from,above., A good size for a trio
of fowls is 14 inches wide, 24 inches long
and 22 inches high. The size will, of
course, vary with the size of birds to be
Fasten two tin cups, one for feed and
one for water, inside on the posts and put
) some gravel and cut hay on the bottom.
If birds are to go several days' journey.
3 tie a bag of feed on top of the coop, with
instructions 16 feed and water.-Farm
.- Classification of Fowls.
All of our domestic fowls are useful,
but varying in degrees or in different
directions. No classification upon their
useful qualities can be made which will
I be complete. The following, however, by
Sthe Poultry World, will be of value tc
Egg Producers-Leghorna, Hamburgs
SRussians, Minoircas, Black Spanish.Polist
t and Andalusian.
Table Fowls-Dorkings, Houdans. LE
SFleche, Gamese, Crevecours, Brahmas
- Cochins, Langslians.
S General Utility Fowls--Plymoutli
SRocks, Wyandottes, Javas, Dominiques
But all such classifications are fat
from complete, for some of the tablt
Sfowls are excellent layers and some o
the great egg producers are fitted tc
satisfy the taste of an epicure.
t lDucks can be known from drakes bh
the sound quack, quack, but, drake
make only a reedy or wheezing noise ai
I if suffering from a bad cold-anc
Never say quack.-American Poultr
It is said that an alligator skin kept ii
-a poultry house will completely rid it o
STA.IRT.TFTFT-Tr-m-) 1875- .
GRAIN, GARDEN SEEDS
X/ ".TTA 1%, An. 3BOTJ3FS,
20 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
I handle none but the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. My new catalogue will ..e e nr fre on ap-
plication. Also Wholesale Dealer in
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Mjeal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening,
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc. -
STATE AGENT FOR
J. RE. Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fertilizers.
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS -Conp l' Ig n Orange Tire e nId V-cg eiale Ftti1ll'z, ir, Pure Ground
Bone, Muriate (o f Pota.h, Sulpha[t Pota;h, Ntrat-- ? ia, Kuinit, Etc.,
P rices on A application I- : ".
1rELL POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS.
Send for -irelar. Circular coontins ehorthistory of Peach Culture in Florida, and hints as-
to culture J. P. DelI'ASS. .\r.er. Fla _
Well tested and approved varieties of the ORANGE and LE ON an.I ,r, F_ i ,rJi.
Also PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, the KELSEY PLUM. PElt[MMlNe-, GIUIAVAS. LOQt AT-,.
POMEGRANATES,BANANAS,. PECANS and GRAPE VINEz?, F i:.i la a., k wellknown
varieties found to be suited to the soil and climate of Florida.
, Send for a catalogue to 0. R. THACHER, ian o Fla.
.' San: aten,"Fla.
S The Leading Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Peach Trees.
Washington Navel Oranges a ,pu. alt. TU- -iew.r :,,-.. "EVERBEARING.1" 1(Pr.nge
every month in the year. Peen-t'. BI'.I P..il 1d H.-,- Pea- h-b. A iar.-: t: .). fIvey
and other varieties of Japan Plimni, ir.:m.ii6ng e. "'BLO,:,L U PLUtM ) F SAiSUIlMA" and the
"EARLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japanese Orangre-., Unitbl anrii trnui.,n H:.'br.., White
Adriatic and Foundling Figs, Pear., Persimmon9t, Grape---,. :t.. A iarge stock of Shade, Avenue
and Ornamental Trees, Roses, -, V.:-. "
Send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing besides the above, descriptions-of all the old and a
great many new fruit and ornamental trees adapted' to Florida.
BH. L. WHEATLEY.
.AIemonite, Ornnge Co1mily. Florida.
^ w-rTHmE o RIGINAL ....
LITTLE LIVER PILLS.
stz --~ BJEWARE OF. IMITATIONS
)- .0 ",0Q Q CAlways ask for Dr. Pierce's Pellets, or Little
Sugar-coated Granules or Pills.
BEING ENTIRELY VEGETABLE, Dr. Pierce's Pellets operate without disturbance to the system,
diet, or occupation. Put np iu glass vials, hermetically sealed. Always fresh aud reliable. As a
LAXATIVE, ALTERATIVE, or PURGATIVE, these little Pellets give Ihe most perfect satisfaction.
s..WiLuLt RA.UwIC, Esq., of 31indiin,Yranriti CountlI,
S|flISQ |/Vbino, writ,:s: "i was troubled with bIoids f:.c<
S| thirty year. Four years aro I was so adfictied with
SI CK nE ADACHE WItematL I c t:ouid not walk. I bought two Cotdl,,A
o U t Dr. Pierre's Pleasant Purgative P|elle. and tOent
Bilious Headache. Dizziness. Con- one 'Pelk-ter after eaeb meal, till Rli w,-r- -1one. DBy
silpalou, ludiest Ion, BIlous that time I nad no t.Lods. and have had none srnc,. I ave also
Attacks, and all erangements of the ne tru.loord wit h k iadad. We n I fed it iudal or.
st m an boe .s ar promptly rur I tak ne or two Petl.-'Und am relieved of the headacne."
Per sP an' PP-,n" P t v' s In Mrs. C. W. BnROW, of ,apok'oneta." O'i,.
n -a ti" on ine remedial power of Lhese THE BEST ay.: "Yc.ur Pleasan Purganve Pellets' are
Pi .etsi-ver io great a variMetv of disease i I-. without question the beet cathartic ever
It may truthfuliv bt aid thait tLeir action upon the syvtem is sTHi. They are alsor a most efi'eient rem
uiiers6a. Dot a gland or iu eesalcpine tneir r snatve intfluen ce. UARTIDC. for torpor of tbe Liver. "e have used t1hem
S"old druggit', toreae-nLsa vial. Manufactured at the Cnem- lfor h year in our family, and keep them in
ical Laboratory of WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDIC&L ASso0CLATION, thoe nouse all the tim
S-:., FOR A CASE OF CATARRH W
Dull. heavy bendnche. obstruction of the nasal passages, "dis-
chbaraes falling from the head into the throat, sometimes pro-
fuse, watery, and acrid, at, others, thick, tenacious, mucous,
purulent, bloody and putrid: the eyes are weak, watery, and
Inlamed; there Is ringing in the ears. deafness, backing or
coughing to clear the throat, expectoration of offenlsve matter.
together with scabs from ulcers: the voice In changed and has
a nasal twang; the breath Is offensive; smell and taste are im-
paired: there is a sensation of dizziness, with mental depression
a backing'cough and general debility. However. only a few of
the above-named sy.plptoms are likely to be present inmany one
case. Thousands of cases annually, without manifesting half of
the above symptoms, result in consumption, and end in the
grave. No disease is so common, more deceptive and dangerous,
ress understood, or more unsuccessfully treated by physicians.
By its mild, soothing, and healing properties,
DIR. SAGE'S CATARRH REMEDY
OTUaRr THE WORST CABES OP
Catarrh, "Gold in the Head," Ooryza, and Catarrhal Headache.:
SOLD BY DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERJ.
iE 03E. E3Cl 810 0 max -Lao&i.
WHICH THEY CAN NOT CURE.
.. = iProf. W. HAUSNER, the. famous mesmer-
1 UNTOLD AGONY -st, of Ithaca writes: "Some ten
| LU I/UU |years ago I suffered untold agony from
Srnnu ATARR.nn chro'nJc nasal catarrh. .1y family physi-
F rOM n UlAIRnH. clan. gave me up asiocurable, and said I
I .' .must die. My case was such anbad one,
that every day, towards sunset. my voice -would become so hoarse
I could barely speak above a whisper. In the mornlng.my cough-
Ing and clearing of my throat would'almost strangle me.' By tpe
use of Dr. Sage's Catarrh,Remedy, In three'monts, Iwas a well
man, and the cur. has been permanent." -
mmmm 'm.. ,, OItA J:RUSH'O, -sq., fo Pne .Street,
ONSTANTLY, ISt. Louis. Mo., writes: "I was a great suf-
ST Iferidt from catarrh 'for" thrtnee ears. At
HAWKINS' AND' times I -could*hardly breathe, and was con-
DI .. .. .0stantly. hawking 'and spitting, and ,for the
aDst eight months could not breathe through
P* lTTII. the nostrils. I thought'nothing could be
done for me. Luckiy, I was.advised to-try
Dr. Sage's Catab.rh Remedy, and I .am now a well man. I be-
-llevel t to be the only sure remedy for catarrh-.now-manuaco-
tured, and one has only to give i a fair trial to. experience
astounding results and a permanent, cure.'. -
[.Z ] ERd ROBINs, Rtunyd P.'O. Columbia Co
-LES' n I Pas says: "' My daughter had catarrh when
THREE- I was years od, very bady I sa
anr t .n" I Dr. Sage's Ca .ah bRemedy adves and
URE ITAMnR prooured a bottle for'her and. soon saw
that ic helped her:;a third bottle affected
a permanent'ure. She Is now eighteen years'old and sound
FLORIDA eR A ND FRItT G ER, OYEM-BEt 887.
A tenant who understands the rearing and
shipment of garden truck and fruit, to cultivate
a large farm and orange groves on shares. Best
'of hammock land and an annual product of
about 100,000 oranges A man with two or three
boys large enough and not afraid to work can
hear of a rare chance by application to the un-
dersigned, at Manatee, Fla.
References required. J. H. VISER.
Genmne Was ington anaiDouble ImDerial Navels,
MAINLAND NURSERIES. *
Order Now if you wish to be in time.
We offer for Fall and Winter Delivery a choice
lot of GENUINE WASHINGTON NAVELS
Also, the VILLA FRANCA, best and hardiest oL
Lemons. Also, Early Spanish, Jaffa, Majorca,
Malta Oval and nearly all varieties of Orange,
Lemon and Lime. We also offer for the
first time to Florida orange growers the
DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL,
Most Prolific Navel known, and the
ATWOOD'S SEEDLESS NAVEL.
KEDNEY & CAREY.
Winter Park, Orange County, Fla
Suited to the Soil and Climate of
Grown anut for Sale at
9AN LUi1iAND-NDA MEMO
Near TALLAHASSEE, Fla.,
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Catalogue and order early. Send, also,
for Price List of
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, NOVEMBER 2, 1887.
A CABBAGE TRENCH ILLUSTRATED
AND DESCRIBED. "
Requirements Necessary to the Successful
Employment of Artificial Incubatorsg
How a Cross Cut Saw May Be Used
by One Man-Cleveland Bay Horses.
Inasmuch as many fairs this season have
provided a regular class for Cleveland
bays, and this breed of horses appears to
be coming into prominent notice through-
-out the country, we give the picture of the
stallion Royalty, who stands at the head
-of one of the largest Cleveland bay studs
ROYALTY, CLEVELAND BAY STALLION.
There exists but little definite informa-
tion concerning the origin of the Cleve-
land bays. The vale. of Cleveland in
Yorkshire was peculiarly their home.
This fact, together with their uniform bay
color, gave them their name. The Cleve-
land Bay Horse society in England was
organized in 1884. This breed was intro-
duced in this country some ten or twelve
years ago.. The Cleveland Bay society
of America was organized a year ago.
A Cleveland bay is of medium size,
standing 16 to 16 1-2 hands high and
weighing from 1,850 to 1,450 pounds.
This breed supplies the demand for
strong, showy coach horses. .They are
Also well adapted for general purpose
The manufacturers of incubators and
the advocates of the artificial method of
hatching lay down as the requisites of the
successful employment of this method the
1. Heat of about 103 degs. Fahrenheit.
2. Proper ventilation. .. :.
8. Turning of the eggs.
4. Sufficient moisture.
In theory there has never been any diffi-
culty about artificial Incubation, but it has
not been found so very easy in practice.
The past few years, however, have devel-
oped several very good incubators by the
use of which fairly satisfactory results
have been obtained. In careful hands the
better class of incubators give good re-
sults, but intelligent attention is an abso-
lute necessity not only in the management
of the ii,cubators hut in the care ,if the
chicks att.er they are hatched. The .iipply
Sof heat in incubators must be r'a-utar, anl
amateurs, as a rule, fail in keeping. an
even temperature. Be.dle, the well.known
English authority, says: "No part of an-
ordinary dwelling is as good as. the cellar
to set the incubator in. Here the temper-
ature varies but little between day and
night, and one day when the thermometer
may stand at 55 degs. and the next to0
zero-a change -which not. unfrequently
Occurs several times each w-inter in the
northern states-and all parts of the house
fee-l Umote or less."
Numbered with t he better class of self.
regulating incubators is a machine con-
isting of a small-water heater w1i.h
warms the water in a tank placed over
the egg chamber. The source of' heat
may .'be- either kerosene oil or gas.
The e--gs, placed in trays, are vwarmild by
Radiation on the upper surface Onl-y. Un-
der the trays are shallow pans o n':lt tr-,
six to ten degrees cooler than 'the i-CC,
the aim beia, to inimate the corditirion
which are olserved when hen, make theii
iiests on the groun.l. The air in the ecC
chamber is.also moistened by water from
troughs suspended above the eggs. Ven-
tilation is prcviied through tubes which
introduce a, constant flow o:f fresh air
close under the tank, thus v-avni-un it
before it comes -in contact with the
eggs. The impure air i- token out
from the bottom. All the eges are
turned at one time by means oif
an ingenious contrivance of the eg- tray.
A set of thi-mostatic bars above the
eggs raise andlower the flamnie of the lamp
or gas burner, and thus adapt the heat
given out with changes of temperature in
1be room, and hold the heat of the mi-
chine close to the desired point b., a con-
stant action. There is a chambe-r uider
the egg trap which is used as a nursery
for the chickens
Another well kno-wn machine, made
Eimilar to the above, that is, the water
mrunk is above the eggs, etc., etc., pos.,eses
lhe peculiarity of doubling its capacity
after the first ten" days, with .a double
layer o eggs. Experienced watchers dif-
fer in their opinions as to the merits of
A comparatively new incubator has
no water tank, and no water is em-
ployed eyept to supply, moisturee, The
desired warmth to the eggs Ls.-imnpartcd by
' : air warmed 'by coming in contact with
two metallic lamp flues. Then there is an
, incubator which is peculiar in having no
automatic regulating apparatus. This
machine consists of two tanks, placed one
above and one beneath the egg drawer,
and connected by tubes in such a way as
to cause a very free circulation of the
water. The source of heat is a kerosene
lamp under the.center of the lower tank
The flame of this is reg-ulated according to
the judgment of the at.-enilant.
In careful hands machines such as have
been described give fair results." The hen.
however, remains' the only certain iucu-
: bator for inexperienced, bnsy or careless
folks, who will not give patient, persistent.
attention to the artificial .ones. .- -:
Eminent veterinarians testify that do-
horning cattle,, when properly perfopmued,
causeg.little pain: 'i -Y ,l I .'. :. :
ALL THE WORLD AT WAR,
By WALTER BESANT,
Author of "Shepherds All and Maidens Fair,"
"By Celia's Arbor," "The Golden Butterfly,"
LOVE THE UNCONQUERED.
I have always kept as a holiday the 14th
of August in every year since the year
1803. It is sacred to me for two memo-
ries-the first being that on this day I first
saw my own gallant and true hearted
It was about 4:80 in the afternoon. I
was running down the crags by a hway
known only to myself, breast high in
bracken, jumping from stone to stone,
singing at the top of my voice, with flying
hair and outstretched arms, when I sud-
denly came upon Dan Gulliver and a
stranger. .. .
"I saw," said Will, afterward, when he
became my sweetheart-"I saw a tall-girl
of 16, who might have been 20, with blue
eyes and an oval face-the sweetest face
in the world. She carried a sun bonnet in
her hand, and she wore a tight fitting
"If I had known who was coming," I
said, "I should have put on my Sunday
"Your Sunday frock!" he cried, in his
foolish way; "why, what could be more
lovely than my woodland nymph, flying
to meet us, up to her arms in the fern,
bare headed, .her hands filled with flowers,
her eyes with smiles, and her petty mouth
with a song? Sunday frock! Leave Sun-
day frocks to city girls.
"See miss and madam lay their snares,
All for catching unawares
Flights of gamesome lovers."
But this talk came afterward.
When I met them in the path, as I fin-
ished my run down the slope, I stopped
short, shamefaced, being unused to the
sight of strangers.
"Pleasance," said Dan, "this young
gentleman is coming to stay awhile at the
farm; can you help to amuse him, think
"I assure Miss Gulliver," said the
gentleman, taking off his hat to me,
"that shall give as little trouble as pos-
"The boys," said Dan, "can sleep at the
cottage. Do'ee now, Pleasancel"
This was' the old man's way. I was to
seem the mistress, who ought to have
been the servant. ,
I turned, and led the way to the house
in silence. Truth to say, I was not best
pleased with the prospect of a strange man
in the house. Likeall wild thing, I loved
solitude. Dan carried a valise, an&d the
young man carried a wooden case.-,
It was not till after we got home, and I
had brushed my hair, and put on another
frock, and comedown stairs again, that I
saw what manner of man our guest was.
No one must think that I was so pre-
sumptuous as to fall in love with him.
What did I know about love? My heart
leaped up, however, because I looked upon
.the most handsome and splendid man I
had ever seen. To be sure I had seen but
few. The gentlemen of Lyme Regis were
mostly advanced in life, and more or less
had bottle noses, by reason of much rum.
This young gentleman was about 22
years of age; he was talland rather slight
in figure; his eyes were brown, and from
the very first I saw that they were frank,
honest eyes; his hair was brown and
curly; his cheeks were burned by the sun;
-his fingers, I noticed, were-long and thin;
they were, in fact, the fingers of a mu-
His wou.jden case was lying On the table
I asked him if he would have it taken up
"If I am allowed, he said, "I should
like to keep th is case down here: And
perhaps Mr. Gulliver!"-
". Call me Dan," said he; "I am used to
it. And this is my adopted daughter,
Plea-ance Noel:" '-
'-Dan, then, and Miss Noel"--
"This is my adopted daughter, Pleasance
"Call me Pleas.ance," I said, imitating
"Dan, in order to show my good breeding.
"I.am used to it."
"Pleasance, then. My name is William
Campion. Perhaps you would let me
play to you sometimes."
In the case was a fiddle. This wonder-
ful young man could play the fiddle!
Nowv, of all the instruments of music
which man has ever invented for drawing
forth the soul of man, It has always
seemed to me that the fiddle is the most
efficacious. At the first stroke of the bow
I jumped in my seat and clasped my hands.
Asche stood,by the window and drew out;
the air softly and sweedy, my spirit, hung
.upon the notes, and for the time I was In
He only played one tune then. When
he had'finished it, he laid back the fiddle
in its case-I. noticed with what tender-
ness, as i"he loved it.
"Did you like it, Pleasance"" he ask.id.
"HBue I's w thdt you did."
-Then I made.tea, a luxury not of every
day-Job and Jephthah, who did not like
tea, and were modest, stayed in the farm-
yard among the pigs-and after tea Mr.
Campion, Dan and I,. .11 three, went down
to the bay and talked about boats. First
we went aboard V C Dancing Polly,
and Mr. Campion praised her lines, and
then we looked at the Chace Mary; and
when there was nothing more to be said
about either of these two crafts we got
into the dingy and went for a sail, I hold-
ing the tiller. At 8, after the sun had set,
we got back again and went home. I re-
member that there was cold boiled hand
of pork for supper, and that Job and
Jephthah, who had polished up their faces
with, yellow soap till they shone like mir-
rors, came in bashfully and sat side'by
side, eating vast quantities of pig, and
saying never a word.
Supper ended, Dan lit his pipe, mixed
his brandy punch, and, after courteously
pressing the tobacco and the spirits on his
guest, invited him to play something. -
I jumped in my chair again, when Mr.
Campion laughed and drew his fiddle out
of the case once more.
He played half a dozen tunes. Now, on
the violin, Mr. Campion was a magician.
For my own part, I was carried away into
the seventh heaven from the very begin-
ning. First, he played, "Farewell and
adieu to you, Spanish ladies," which in-
spired one with a fine feeling of national.
pride and respect for seafaring Britons.
Next he played, "Oh, dear! what can the
matter be?" a song just then quite new,
at least to Dorsetshire folk. This made
us just a little tearful, and'put us in the
right frame for "Early in the morning,
just as the sun was rising." Then he
played "Within a mile o' Edinburgh
town;" the most delicious ditty I have ever
heard, then or since. After that he played
"Jack's the lad," the song which they
have since made into the "College Horn-
pipe." It was then that Dan, who had
been chiming in whenever he happened to
know a word or two of the song, nodding
his head, and beating time with his pipe,
laid it down, and standing up, solemnly
executed something distantly resembling
a sailor's hornpipe on the floor. Will
went on playing it, with a laugh in his
eyes, faster and faster, till the enthusiasm
spread to Jephthah and Job, who looked at
each other guiltily, and then softly arose
and retired to the adjacent farm' yard,
where I saw them in the moonlight
gravely dancing opposite 'each other where
the straw was driest. Then Will changed
the tune, and played, singing the words
himself in a lusty, tuneful baritone,
"While the raging seas did roar." Dan
caught -the chorus and sang it with him.
Heavens what an evening we had! Then
he sang "Hearts of oak." Job and
Jephthah came back for this, and steadied
each other, as the song enjoined, with
iSapathetic shoulder thwacks heavy
enough to fell an ox.
SLastly my own turn came. The musi-
cian stopped, and his expression changed.
He looked thoughtfully for a moment, and
then, still with his eyes fixed upon me,
began to play an air, the like of which I
had never heard or dreamed of; for it
made my heart to beat, my brain to reel,
my eyes to swim. Dan resumed his pipe,
and drank a whole glass o(f 1.irandy 'i.n ch;
he did nrut care, apparently, for this kind
of nimusic; J,.b and Jephtlai, stole away
.noiselessly, and, I. suppose, went towbed.
I Lad a &trange iod delightful sense that
this muiic was being played for myself
alone; that the musician t,,ok this va'y of
putting thoughts into my head which had
never been there before I felt a passion-
ate yearning for something unknown. I
was in some new place of light and beauty
inconc.:ivable; my spki;ts rose with a-kind
of rapture-I wai? out of the body, float-
ing iu the air; there were no words in
which I could clothe tins new sensation.
I could have wept for very joy, but no
tears came. Presently it seemed as if my
feet, nre- moving in cadence, .and my
whole frame undulating with the waves
of melody. I vould tear it no longer, and
should bave fallen. but that Dan caught
me with a "Steady, pretty, steadyl-going
to ie,:p with thi music in your ,-ears?"'
T was not gi.,ing to sleep, imiu-ed. But
Mr. C'nutpioi ::ea.sed pla3 tang, ai told me
that it w's a German dance.
Nearly all that. night I lay awake, won-
dering what new world was this into
which I hadi got a glimpse. And when I
slept it Rwa to dream of strange, delicious
things, clothed in shapes new and de-
It appeared nest morning that :Dan's
idea of entertaining the guest was to hand
him entirely over to me. All the others,
to b1 sure, lihad work to do. He.was easy
to amuse when one got over the tirst shy-
ness: anf. hIe, was so good and thoughtful
that the shyness very soon disappeared.
Surely, of all the delightful companions
that any girl had mine was the most de-
lightful.. He ws always happy; nothing
ever ralfied his temper, he was satisfied
with our sirnmple way of life; he seemed to
want nothing else than to to about rill
day long with me, bie never tirci of play-
ing to us in the evening; he ev'n encomr-
aged my iguoirant prattle, which must
hlve seemed to him sU silly, anti preferred
hearing me talk to telling me stories of
the great world.
He came in August, he stayed with us
all through September and October; he
owine when the corn was ripening; he
stayed after the corn was got. in, anrnd even
the cider apples gathered. I heed, for my
part, in a fool's paradise, thinking it
would last. forever.
The beginning of trouble came from
We were so happy, Dan and I, with our
new friend, that we hardly noticed the
strange fact that. Joshua, who had been
wvont to spend at least, one evening in the
week with us, had only visited us once
sinca Mr. Campion' came. And that even-
ing on wiii:h our giest played he sat Iook-
_ing glum and ill tempered. One day in
October, never dreaming that Mr. Cam-
pion was in any way associated with
Joshua's ill temper, I took him across the
ieldsl to show him Joshua's mill. It cer-
taiuly was the prettiest of all mills; not
one of the great towers which spread out
Icing arms, and seem as if they are going
to catch you up in the air, and carry you
round and round till you fly off and are
killed-not at all like one .of them. but a
sweet and lovely water mill.,
We found Joshua standing at the door;
he was covered all over with flowr, as be-
"Stay, Mr. Campiom, if you plea'ae."
Then he took me to his arms and held
me right, anl kissed me again and again
on the lips, till I tore myself from him,
abashed and confused.
"Now yon are all my own," he said,
"and I am yours. We are pledged toeach
other. I will you exactly what we will
do"-he had his whole plan complete.Jl
his head. "We will go up to London.
You shall live with John Huntspill, my
partner.. You shall learn the things-which
you have to learn; and then, when you
are externally to all tbeh-world what'you
are now to-my eyes alone,' Iwill'take'yon
to my mother, and say-to herl-'Motb.e,
comes the sober, hard working miller,
looking as if his thoughts never ran on
anything more venturous than sacks of
corn and the everlasting grunting of his
waterwheel. When he saw us, however,
his face clouded over, and, instead of
coming to greet us, he retired within the
I ran to the door and called him out.
He came, scowling at Will, who was
seated on a trunk of a tree.
"Are you going to stay long in these
parts, young gentleman?" he asked.
There was something in his tone which
"Perhaps I shall," he said, shortly.
'"It depends, I suppose," said Joshua,
"on how long you like to dangle about
with a young girl. We don't like London
ways in this part of the country."
Will flushed red.
"We will discuss this subject when the
young lady is not present," he said."
"I shall be glad of an opportunity,"
said Joshua, slowly. "Why, there, that's
spoke like a man. Maybe I can get round
to bRousdonin the evening." ",
I ought to have known, but I did not,
whct this meant. ,
You see, it was a fighting time. If com-
mon men quarreled with each other, or
with gentlemen, they had it out at. onca
with flsts -or quarter staff. Gentlemen
fouLhtir with pistols. Friends and seconds
e P i' J I''i r r ,l. i7. *
: Will, in fac t, was going to fight Joshua
"What does he mean?" I asked, pres-
ently; when we had left our sulky Joshua,
and were.walking in the meadow beside
the alder trees. "What does he mean by
dangling with a young girl? I am the
young girl, I suppose?"
"I suppose you are, Pleasance," he re-
plied. "Sit down on this stile and I will
tell you what he means." .
I sat on the upper bar of the stile, Will
on the second step, and he looked up in
my face with those smiling, steadfast
eyes of his, which always went straight to
"Joshua Meech means," he began,
"that some men take a delight in stealing
away girl's hearts, especially country
girl's hearts, and then leaving them."
I did not quite understand.
"Don't open your pretty blue eyes too
wide, Pleasance," he went on; "I will ex-
plain by an illustration. Now listen;.
"Ever so long ago there was a young
girl about 16 years of age-your age-e
living in the country by .the seaside, with
a jolly old -ailor and his two sons, just as
you have been living.. She was a pretty
girl-as pretty-as pretty-as you. She
bad the same blue eyes, the same sweet
face, the same. ruby lips, the same smile,
'and the same light brown curls, and I
think she wore the same sort of straw hat."
"Oh, Mr. Campion!!" For all of a sud-
den I found out-myself."
"There was a man who lived not far
from her, a ruau who had a mill. I think
he was a jealous, austere creature, but he
was in love with this girl."
What-did he niean? .
"Then there catie from London a youing
man who carried a fiddle and plinyed it.
He wa- quite a commonplace young man,
who had no virtues except that hlie was
fo.nd of his fiddle. Hecame into the coun-
try intending to lie quite nine, to sail and
fislh, and make muEic all to himself. I-e
f.)und, iatvnd oft solituide, a paradise,
peopled with one Eve." .
SIt-sounded very pretty, if I could only
"This young man found her society so
delightful thathe stayed on. Presently he
began to feel as if he ilid not care ever to.
go away again-unless-unless she Would
go-away with him."
Then I understood that he had been
nmiking up a little story abouttirusnelf and
me, and I wondered what else he meant.
I suppose I looked bewildered.
My dear, my dear, do you not under-
stand me. he caught both my hands and
pressed them to hi lips. Du y3ou not
urilerstan,1 me? I want you to promieia
tI, be my wife."
Your wife, Mr. Campion :' bur youatie
'Li-tenr,, little innocent; would yoii like
me to.go away'" :
I shook my head, and the tears came
into my eyes.
"Do you like being with me?".
"Yes," I answered, quite frankly, be-
cause there was nothing to conceal; "I
like being with you very much."'
"How shu,,lld you feel if you knew that
you would never see me again?"
:"I must go away, unless you bid me
stay. .You can only do that by promising
to marry mne."
"Bnt what will Dan say?"
"Dan wil agree. Say, am I to stayO'"
I gave him one hand, but he took both.
"Stay, Mr. Campion, if yot.please."
this young lady from 1Dorsetshire is going
to be my wife.' "
'"Your mother" My heart sank a
"Yes. By the way," he added, with .a
laugh, "she is very parid( ular about family
and rank; bat shall we say"
"My father's ra.ink was ship's carpen-
ter," I said, iiruplv.
He I.U-..I. "We will tell her the ex-
act truth, and ask her if she would find a
lovelier girl- among the bluest blood. I
forgot to tell you that my mother is
Then, holding my hand in his, he be-
gan to tell me all about himself and hIs
.He was an only child. His father was
a city merchant, whom the king knighted
during his year as lord mayor. He wae
Sir Godfrey Campion. His mother was a
widow. She lived in the city, he told me,
in the square of Great St. Simon Apostle.
He would be himself, in two years, by his
father's will, nominally the senior partner
in the house of Campion & Co., of Lon-
don, Bristol and Jamaica. But John
Huntspill would do the work.
"I should like to tell you another thihg,
dear," he said. "My mother and I parted
in anger. She--one must not think ill of
one's mother-but she does not remember
that-I am nearly twenty-three years of
age. We quarreled on account of my
violin. She thinks a fiddle only fit for an,
Italian ruo,,L.ianr, for a, bear leader, or for
sailors ashore. Above all, she tiliuks it
unsuited to the hea.. ii(4 a city house.
Perhaps it is, but then you see I never
wanted to- play the fiddle in the office.
And then-well-theLn-there- was a scene
one evenilingI My ide-ar mother ihns a high
spirit; and when she came in comparing
her son-the fiddle scraping son-with his
late father, Sir Godfrey Campion, and
when that son declared that the compari-
son was not fair, and one thin; id to an-
other, whtiy-there is nothing strange in
the fact that the Eon resolved to takle his
fiddle into the country for awhile. That
is how I came here."I I.-
"Yes," I said, trying, in my ignorant,
country way to reahze what all this meant'
-the lord mayor,, krughthood and the
,, Iii ,., f:.rer an admiral" T asked
at lerith. ie .stared for a moment and
thebn bur-t .wit laughing. Of c-urse he
always l.uangiel at everything. Years
afterward I asked him how it was he did
not. ,lo-e pnlt;ce with so much ignorance.
"L.,e;tience"" he asked, in his silly,
delightful way, "it all helped to, make me
love you the more madly."
Now, i% "%is not such very great ignor-
ance after all, because I had heard of
admirals who were knighted. It was
ijat ural fr me to think that all men who
were called sir were admirals. ,
I There is one thing which no woman can
aver undertrand-what it is in her, and
her alone, that makes a man fall down
and worship her. I was the most simple
and ignorarnt of country girls and he was
a gentleruann. Yet he risked the happi-,
ne.s of hi, whole life on the chance that I`
should be':,omue v-hat he imaa;ned mne to be
already. My heart iinks still with a sort
of huEndi'iti.:,.n to think how unworthy of
that rrie and loyal geutleniri I was.
You -wil -_e-- presently of what things I
We 'v-nit home at. length, hand in Lhaind,
across the fields. Will said nothing; to
Dnn, and we had our tea just. as ituaal,
only that I was silent ,
In the evening Will went out, accom-
panie.l by tne two boys.. 'I had quite for-
gotten atoit Joshua arid Wondered a little
at his leaving me.
It was dark when they came" back.
Will had his left hand tied round with a
poeket handkerchief, his right eye was
black and he had got,-a gash across his
cheek. He had been fighting Joshua
Meech, and he had left, as I afterward
learned, that hliero senseless on the
Jephthah----or was it Job?-announced
the battle and its results. "rla be give
JoLhua a drubbing," lie said, with a
Now1 no one in that house, bore Josh u a
any g-rnudge, and yet at the news -we all
congratulated ourselves and the- victor. I
am almost ashamed now to think that Will
was more glorious in my eyes than ever.
There could be no fiddling that evening,
and Dan had a double ration of brandy
A fight in those days was a mere episode
in a man's life. It might occur at any
moment. Everybody fought, and 'a gen-
,tieman learned boxing as a part of his
education .. ..
But I was anxious that there shorild be
na bad blood, and the nest day I went,
over to the mill to see Joshua. :" ,
His face was a good deal more battered
than WWlI's. It was evident that he had
taken punishment manfully. He asked
me to go into his own room for a talk..
"It is your politeness, I suppose," I be-
gan, "that makes you fight a strange gen-
"What's a fight?" he replied. '"That's
nothing neither to him nor to me. He's a
well plucked one, he is, as ever handled a
pair of fists. Which makes it worse." .
"What is worse, Joshua?"
"Now, no more fooling, Pleasance.
You listen to me. No good comes of
young gentlemen dangling with young
girLs. Besides, I won't have lt. He's got
"You won't have It?"
"No," he said, banging his baud on the
table. "I won't have it. There You've
got to be my wife."
"I've got-to---be-your wife?"
"Of course you have. I've told Dan
'ong ago. Why, I've beeu saving up for
It these ten years. Next Easter Sunday I
mean to marry you."
I only stared.
"Don't think, Pleasance,. that a man
can't love a girl because he hasn't got his
mouth stuffed with fine words. Gari it
makes one sick to think of it. I've
loved you since you were a child. And he
"He shall not. go, Joshua," I said.
"And I will never, never marry you. Re-
member thht." .
"He shIl. go," he said flTtly>'"b"ie.
way or the othe?,-he shall go... 'Don't
make me. .desperite Pleasance. ,,., shall:
go. .Now Y.uiknpw.wh4at-,jtexpeot,..be-
have accordlngiyI' .-4" .4, -u; ,ti.L ".,; ...
I apraing tQ,.giy ,qeji,,^adflisjid qunt of
the cottage. The man's set lips and steady
eyes frightened me.
I told Will; but he laughed at my fears.
What was Joshua to him? At the most,
there could only be another fight.
J,:.shun came no more to the farm, and
I diii j,:ot .ee him a2amn till the trouble
came upon me and mine.
And now I must leave the pleasant
time-, vhen every day brought some new
harpir-is and some fresh brightness with
it, imdl conle to the story or that trouble.
i [r v:, partly my own fault.
One 'lay-we had been sailing to Lad-
ram lay and back in the little boat; we
hbi,,t lut beached her. and were sitting on
the pebbles hand in haud.
"What does Dan do," asked Will, "with
two boats?" :
"The ChaceMary isthe fishingboat,".
I replied; "'the Dancing Pblly isfor the
runs to France.' "
"The what?" cried Will.
"The runs over -for the bAndy, you
know. Why, she is the fastest boat that
ever crossed the channell"
Will listened with a; bewildered face.
Presently he laughed ..... .
"So Dan is a smuggler, is,., he?. Crafty
old manl" '. .. -
"Why," I -c-tid, with pride, "everybody-
knows thbit Dan is the bolde-t smuggler
,i:.n: i: ,-:.:n.ast. They've given tip trying
to. .it,4i tin n11 ow
SOn' And- Job and Jephthab-'
'"lbh,- ,., too', of tour-e." .
"Anl-i-a''l the jealous amoroso,'Don
Josha i, does he go, too?"'
Y'Ye, he. goes, too. They all four go."
"Shade of my sainted father!" he said,
"was it for this that you brought your
son up in pious hatred to the illicit traffic
1wbi ih interfered with your own gains?"
I didi not understand one word of what
"I will explain," he said. "My father
ma..- his fortune and mine chiefly-by
rum. Rum ns a rival to I-brandy. Great
numbers of the happy children of Ham-
who, :'st. my m.th-i believes, are by di-
vine .nirn:ui:n suL'iect to the children of
Juphet-toti, Jaiarulia tf:,r the house of
Campion & C:,. We provide the British
pubtihe- with red r-,ies, speckled noses,
bottle noses, gout and cha.ik stones in the
hands. 'Iht i ..:,ur wor t in the world.
We flos slnvo- in order taut Britons may-
get drunk i:n health giving rumn. And
we pay duty. What are we to. think of a'
man who runs over brandy, which may
be sold cheaper than rum, and is more
vwholesome. How do you think I have
been trained to regard such a man' And
now t, feel that I have not only been
stay ir in -urh a man's house, but. that I .
am rnaged -to his adopted daughter, and
that daightc-r the sweetest giLrl in the
world! Lady .Campion, what will yoq
say to it?" .
A Cbnvenleur Garden Hot Bed.
For a small garden hot bed excavate a
trench two feet deep, three feet wide and
as long as desired, selecting a sunny and
well drained spot; sprinkle little stable
litter in the bottom, and on this shovel
enough horse stable manure to make
twelve or fifteen inches in thickness after
it is well trained down; around the bed
construct a frame or crib of boards, a foot
high in front end eighteen inches at the
back, with ends beveled to fit the sides,
the whole to be covered with glass in
sash that can be conveniently raised or
lifted off when required. Some manure
should also be put around the frame on
the outside and covered with earth to keep
out the cold air. Horse stable mapure
mixed with a moderate amount of the
bedding is the right, kind to use, and it
should be hauled out and piled up a few
days near the trench, and be forked over
several times and kept moist, but not
drenching wet, until the., heap is .well
heated up, when it should' be shoveled in
the pit as directed, and covered with five
or six inches of rich soil as a bed' for the
seed. If the heat is excessive at any time
remove the whole or a portion of the sash,
and on warm days this should always be
done. Were old sashes are on haud
the bed may be made of a size to suit
them and save the expense of new. In
sprouting large quantities of sweet pota-
toes for plants many producers cover their
beds with coarse muslin, as being cheaper
than glass and answering the purpose
quite as well.
Sngar Making in This Country.
The experiments conducted under the
auspices of the National Department of
Agriculture, at Fort Scott, Kan., in mak-
ing sugar from sorghum cane have been
announced a complete success by Com-
missioner Colman. The new process is
rapid, less costly and more, efficient than
the old process. By the latter it Is esti-
mated that about one-half of the saccharine
matter was wasted, even in the southern
sugar cane. The diffusion process, it is
claimed, saves about 95 per cent. of the
saccharine matter. Experiments are
being conducted In Louisiana with making
sugar from the ribbon cane by the new
process. Commissioner Colman believes
that these experiments and their results
are as important to this country as the in-
vention of the cotton gin.
The only entirely successful experiment
In beet sugar production in this country
has been at the Alvarado factory in Cali-
fornia. It appears from a recent report
that there are possibilities of supplement-
ing the crop of the San Joaquin valley so
as to lengthen the factory season in Cali-
fornia to five months instead of three, the
length of the season in Europe. .
Food Adulteration, In Ttrkey... .
In Turkey, when a man Is.found selling
adulterated food his ears &re nailed to.a
wall. In this country, instead of mnftllat
Ing the culprit, we let blm, mutilate his
customers. We must make It as danger- o
ous to counterfeit our daily' bread as It Is
to counterfeit the currency of the country
It is a matter of life and death,' and we -
cannot afford to neglect it.-Philadelphia
An old farmer tells how le clrcumvents.,
.orows. As soon as crows appear he shoots
as'unany as he can, and when his corn is
up. hangs' their dead bodies aroind 'the
.field;" the live crows, seeing th'eii .dead
companions, seek elsewhere their food and
leave, the corn so uniquely guarded..se,
verely alone. ..; '.- ,..."
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. NOVEMBER 2. 1887.
i_ m ~ A Letter from Dade County.
irIdEditor orida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
As yet very little has appeared in .print
+ New s in Brief concerning this portion of the State,
State News in Brief. comprising Biscayne Bay, Miami, Cocoa-
-The bridge across the Halifax River, nut Grove and the Keys. The reason for
at Ormond, is finished. this is, perhaps, becauseit is almost en-
-Mr. J. 0. Swisher, of Trabue, is tirely cut off from the outside world.
making a valuable collection of native The only means of access is by sailboat
woods for the Sub-Tropical. from Key West, or Lake Worth. Here
-The Seville council has appropriated is a good opening for a steamboat, and
$100 to be expendedin making an ex- we feel the need of one very much.
hibit at the Sub-Tropical. There is talk of putting one on this fall,
and we hope the report is true. There
-The directors of the South Florida are quantities of fruit going to waste
Exposition will elect officers on Novem- here all the time, which if we had quick
ber 1st to serve for the ensuing year. transportation, Would bring good prices
-The Florida Southern Railway cornm- in Key West market.
pany is building a lighthouse at Bocca Here the orange; banana, pineapple,
Grande Pass, inlet to Charlotte Harbor. guava, lime, lemon, alligator pear and
-The DeLand University has at the other tropical fruits grow to perfection,
presentftime fifty-two scholars-more and the cocoanut flourishes. The land
than double the number which they had is generally fertile. It is a well known
at this time last year. fact that the land of Florida is divided
-About $6,000 per month is being paid into two classes chiefly, pine land and
outoat Kism ee material, abr hammock. The latter is rich and will
out at Kissimmee for material, labor, produce fine vegetables, such as tom-
etc., on the sugar mill. The freight on duce fine vegetables, such as toma-
the machinery was $5,000. toes, beans, sweet potatoes, etc., togeth-
er with tobacco, sugar cane and cotton.
-Mr. W. S. Sands, manager of Buena Extensive cocoanut groves were set
Retiro Enterprise, has ribbon grass thir- in this vicinity some four years ago.
teen feet ten inches in height. Those planted in the hammock, also
-One of our leading cotton men in- those in the sea sand which have been
forms us that the receipts to date are fertilized, are doing well. Cocoanut
just double those to date last year, and trees, like any others, need care and atten-
the staple is of excellent quality.-Talla- tion; although those planted in the clear
hasseean. sea sand will grow if given time enough,
-Mrs. J. G. Owen, of DeLand, has in- but it would be years before they came
vented a method of hemstitching on the into bearing. I
sewing-machine. It is said to be an ex- The whole of Dade county is consider-
cellent plan, as it is simple and saves ed free from frost and the extremes of
much labor. She has applied for a heat and cold. It has the most even
patent, temperature of any spot in America, al-
though in 1885 they experienced a slight
-Work an the Ponce de Leon is pro- frost here, and again in 1885, when it
greasing finely. The finishing touches was felt all over the State, yet it was not
are now occupying the attention of the severe enough to do any lasting damage.
workmen prior to opening the immense The temperature does not rise as high in
hostelry, which will occur some time in this part of Florida as it. does in New
January, 1888. York or New-Jersey, Come down and
-Gadsden county is onf the threshold see for yourselves. You cannot find a
of a genuine boom. Over 5,000 acres healthier locality in the State, and land
have been paid, for, and the papers are is cheap. L.
being prepared' for the transfer of as MIAAm, Dade county, Fla.
much more. All of this land will be _
planted to tobacco. The finer qualities Ta .. Etr mint.
only will be planted. That Roach Exterminator.
-During the past few months between Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-G-.owr:
$28,000 and $80,000 have been paid out in The exterminator recommended in my
Alachua county for rock which is being note is manufactured by J. H. Richard,
hauled. to Jacksonville and .from there 519 Sycamore street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
down to the St. Johns bar, where it is It is kept at the drug stores in Lake
being used in.the construction of the Helen and DeLand,and I supposed it
Jetties, could be had at most drug stores. It is
-John Savarese, one of the most ex- probably ab,,ut the. sam,- as Costar's,
teusive fish dealers in the South, has which is: referred to in "Our Home Cir-
arrived off the Punta Gorda quarantine cle" in same number (Auigust 34). as the
station, with two steamers and about fatalelement is phosphorus. I suspect
fifty fish boats, to do a wholesale fish that it is made of phosphorus and flour
business. He will ship several carloads paste. .
per day, and, run the season through. I used Richard's Exterminator' for
ha the lk e, l we f 'ro to roaches, and it killed them and the rats,
-Bradford's Drainage Company now too. One of the latter I found by theol-
have the lakes lowered -from -two and: factory organ. That is one trouble about
one-half to three feet, and their is still killingrats; they may die where they
an average depth of water in the canal cannot be -seen; and their putrefying
of fourfeet, with a rapid current The bodies may create a stench.
marsh lands are almost dry, and the Anothercaution is needed. If chick-
company commenced Saturday with a ens are running at large, they may eat
force of ten hands clearing a 100-acre the dead roach" anil ble poisoned. I let
tract on the south side of Samson Lake my chickens out on Sunday for a run
for farming purposes.-Starke Courier.. supposing there was no longer any dan-
-On Sunday, the 16th inst., the ger, but yesterday morning I found a
Morgan Line- steamship "Clinton" fine young heti dead.
steamed up Charlotte Harbor and made Butit as I have said, the Exterminator is
last to the docks of the Florida Southern very effective. I first heard of it from
Railway at PunLa Gorda, experiencing Miss Putnam, of the Putnam House. De.
no trouble whatever in her passage up Land, who said that it completely
the harbor. The ',('linton's" arrival at purged the house of the pest, and since
Punta Gorda is an event of much sig- then I have had further proof of its ef-
nificancetothe fortunes of the Floiida fectiveuess. .
Southern Railway, and it is stated tha' J. WILLIS WVESTLAKE.
she, or some other of the line, will here- .LAKE HELEN, Fla.
after make regular voyages between :
New Orleans, Punta Gorda, Key West o a' Tim u i
and Hhvana in connection with the road. Florida's Timber Supply.
-Fort Ogden News. To Florida one of the most important
-The Crescent City saw mill will be publications issued from the Department
in operation in about two weeks. The ot the Interior, giving the results of fthe
proprietor has already received large last census, is theFebruary Bulletin, No.
orders for box material. The mill is a 2. which gives the estimated amount;ot
novelty in the way of a floating saw mill. mel'chanable pine timber standing cu
It is the first of the kind ever introduced May 3d. 1880. From that publication
into Florida. It consists of an immeu.e we have compiledthe following table,
lighter or barge forIty feet wide by eighty giving the timber supply ot Florida by
feet in length and six feet deep. draw- counties, which will be found both in-
ing eleven inches of water. This craft teresting and valuable : ...
has taken over 100,000 feet of lumber in Nbt.o ue.i
its construction, will have two floors and Bolau...ard ..e..ur.
A Ia (b ua .................. ... ..... ...... .... .. 51 j ,0
Swill be covered i ith an iron roofing, pre- Bakir '......... ................... l .,,t.,',")
sending the appearance of an ordinary Bradiford. ......... .. ..:.ii.it'
house floating upon the. water. When Brardu ............................,t.40,,
perfected it will be replete with ma- clay ................. ... ......... ...... ;7 .,ii
chinery for cutting lumber of any de- Co.'lumbia .......... ...i.i"'i)"
r-iptn Dual ......................... 7,o ,
scription. Eseambla .. ................ ........... .. ,, ,(
H amn itol ................. ....... .. ..... 1,l.Or'. (fl
.. -- P r ct so Fl rid Hernaando ............. I2...j,)
Products of Florida. Hillsboroue ..................... ,2,v1o,.o0
The following table. showing the an- lacs:.on ..................... la..31.,,).0
nual value of Florida's products, was pre- Jeffnrson ........ .................. 'i,',,.uo
pared by Captain John H. Welsh. the Lafayetie .................................... 42... kO.UO
Levy ......... ... ...... 16 fX1,0)(
.founder of Welshton. for the Trade Llonerty ..... ..... ..... ...................
Number of the Times- Union: Madison .............................. 122,tiL,,O"
anlla Manatee ................ ,.u'j.O
vanilla ... ............ 5,000 l MJarlon ........ ................ .......... 315,0) ).0l
Limese.. ........ ........... ...... .. 8,000 Nassau ............ ... .. .. Ol.O'o(w )
Poultry .. ........................ .. 18.10 Orange ......... ........ .................. 87,0 ,000
Peaches ... ......... ....... .... P.Lk......... ......... .... ..5 l210.01..(o,00
Cow Peas ......... ............... ..... 70 fu P tn ...................... r.l,(i o
Bees and Houe ........... .... ............ 3. 000 St.Joh ......... ... .. .,ij
Arrowro.ot. ............... ..... 3.5,,' Sanma Rosa... .. .... ..... ..... 21..13,X('.0O.0
Hogs ... .. ........ ................ Sum r............. .. .... .. ....... ..... .... ... 10,00)'u0f)
Sheep...... ........ ....... ........ 000) Suwanee........... .. .... ........ 622.0u0,0'10
AllUgator Hides and Tth i000m) Taylor .... 2j8,00I,.0'0)
Strawberriesa....... .............. 45,)00 Voluasla 59,,i)0.000
Milk .... ........................... ..i5ui Wakulla .................. ....... 72,000,'ui)
Plnesapples .................... ..... ......... ,0(4) W alton .............. .......................... ,tIO On00.
Pinders ...'.... 50,0i) Washlngton. 187,,0u0.000
Grapes and W ie.............................. _,_0_)__
Wagons, etc .5.00,, Total ....................8,6t 0,000,000
Il e ......e ........................... ... ..... 65.0 )0
Hides .. ..... ............................ OO The total as given in this table was
Nrery Trees......................0 i'0.' the amount of mer2hantable pine timber
Brirk'and Ar'tidcial 5,t,)oe............ 150,0)
Mos................ ...................... :.. ,il standing at the date of this report,
Beet.................................... .ro,00ui namely, May 3d, 1880. In the same re-
'ponge ...................... .................. ,'0.00, port the amount cutduring theyearend-
vegetables ...........-..................... 900,000u
Fi.h, Oysters and Turtler ............. 3 i0ng May, 1881, is estimated at 208,054.000
lhips, boats. etc.................. 1S5.oo feet. Assuming that'this represents the
Horses and ules .................... 180,'.,) average annuaL amount that has been
Fireood............................. r '"* Cut during the six years since the date
Rice; ........................ .. ... .i') of the report, we have an aggregate of
Railroad Cars............................ jo0.0'0O 1,248.324.000 feet. This amount, of
Cotton Seed 49.... 00'03o course, is to be deducted from the total
Naval Siores...................... 8.'5,t,0 that was standing in 1830. which would
Battle .................. -1.80,000 leave standing in 1886, 5,366,676,000 feet.
Oranges and Lemons ................... 15o,oo -Trade Number Times-Union;
Cigars "....... 3.000,000
Corn, Wheat, Bay, Oats, Fodder and
Tobacco ..... ...... ............. 3,500,000
Cotton... ..................... 4,(0oooO Cotton seed is being largely used in
Lumner .................... ..... -000,000 Texas to fatten beef cattle. It is con-j
otal valueof product. .............$41,470.ui) sidered cheap at 15 cents per busheli
opallailon tn 1857 (estimated':......:... 383,39 cheaper than Western corn.
New Postal Rules.
The Post Office Department has issued
a circular stating that permissible writ-
ing or printing on the face or surface of
packages of mailed matter of the fourth
class, in addition to the name and ad-
dress of the sender preceded by the word
"from" and the number and names of
the articles inclosed, may include, with-
out subjecting them to postage at the
letter rate, the occupation, trade or pro-
fession of the sender printed thereon,
with his name and address,. designating
words not, however, to be more than
necessary to give certainty to the ad-
dress of the sender, as for example,
"John Doe. Banker, 100 Broadway, New
York," and a simple request to return in
a specified time if not delivered.. The
usual notice to postmaster asking to be
advised of amount of postage required
for return, which will be forwarded, is
no longer necessary, as now all. classes
of mail matter are returned upon request
and postage, where due, collected upon
delivery to the sender.
The following table compiled from the records
of the Jack onville Signal Station by Corporal
T. S. Townsend, represents the temperature, con-
dition of weather, rIainfall and direction of wind
for the month of November, as observed at the
Jacksonville station during the past 15 years:
81 81 56
88 80 59
88 40 64
84 48 64
82 86 59
841 31 62
80 41 61
88 36 683
82 89 61
88 82 66
80 88 60
83 4I 63
79 89 62
81 36 60
82 86 59
8 1 9
9 13 8
4 15 11
10 8- 12
11 12 7
18 7 10
10 11 8
15 10 6
8 7 .20
10 15 8
15 9 -6
14 10 6
9 11 10
18 12 5
23 5 a
"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used 3rad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year. .II. .
"W` 'do n-ot hesitate to say to lthe vege-
table growets of Florida'that they can-
not use anything so good as Biadley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by expe-ience whiat we say .regarding
W OFFORI) & WILDER.
Ft. Mason. Fla.
Opinions of the Press..
[From the Southern Cultivator.]
"The Success of thp FLORIDA -'FAR-
MER AND FRUIT-GROWER, of Jackson-
ville. surpasses that of any similar
publication in America. -The publishers
seemni to be over-liberal in giving the
mechanical part every attraction 'possi-
ble, while Editor Curtiss'is doing the
best work of his life. It is a combina-
tion that cannot fail of abundantsuccess.
The Cultivator is never sorry to see such
enterprise rewarded, as we have un
rivals to be jealous of, but wish all'suc-
[From the Gardeners' Monthly]
"We are continually receiving new
agricultural ventures, but useful as they
are in their own special Gelds, Wg? rarely
find in them anything of special -interest
io the intelligent claes of Itorticulturists
for which thlie Gardemr,rs' Monthly has to
cater. We were, therefore. agreeably
surprised ,-n reading amniong the bat'h
of exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this
to find it of a very high ordor of intelli-
gence, aud one which must have an ex.
cellent effect in fosterine Florida's inter-
ests." .... ..
From rbhe Times-Democrat.1
"Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER, evidently siri'-k the
popular fancy when hlie establislted that
journal. Ira success is phenomenal, ani
although only a ofew months old. has al
ready taken the lead in all matters per
training to Southern horticulture.
S[From the Texas Farmer. ]
"Florida is not behind hersister South-
ern States in material progress. It
ought to be called the land of fruits and
flowers, for each of these grand divis-
ions of horticulture are equally at home
theie. The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an ably conducted and ele-
gantly printed paper devoted to these
very topics, to % hichi we refer lthe reader
for further iutoi'mation."
iFrou the Fl-,rida B',piSt \Vrtiiei.)
The FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
comes to our table regularlyand prompt-
ly, and is full of interesting and instruc-
tive matter. It certainly excelsany paper
we have seen, -for Florida especially.
Send to Jacksonville for it. Address as
above, and read it awhile and be con-
iFrom tieGamnesvilelo Moriiirg Reord.)
"We are in receipt of the FFORIDA
FARMER AND FpIuIr-GROWER, published
by C. H. Jones & Bro.. at the Times-
Union office, and edited by Prof. A. H.
Curtiss. It is first-class in every respect
and is a naper which every farmer and
fruit grower should have. Its articles
are full of plain, good, common sense.
WVe hope to give our readers the benefit
of mniny of its articles. Success to the
'From the Southern Live Stock JJournal.)
"We regret that the first number [of
the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER] failed
to each us, but the second shows a very
handsome sheet as to paper. typography
and general make up, while theeditorial
department is all we expected of the dis-
tinguished editor. Many of our readers
are interested directly and seconda-
rily in everything connected with Flor-
ida, and we cordially commend this
new and excellent periodical 'as worthy
of their" patronage. With best wishes
for its success, we welcome this new as-
pirant for. public favor and patronage,
feeling assured of the good work it will
accomplish in and out of Florida."
Common Floridas nominal
Good to Medium fine 20y
Extra Fine ..22@28
CANADA ITNLEACHED HARD WOOD
Supplied in car lots, put up in bags or barrels.
Direct shipment. Guarantee analysis. Price
and Pamphlet free. Address
Box 347. Nri-,ier, .
S .Ontario, Canada.
GLEN ST. MARY, Baker County, Fla.
J. A. DANIEL, PROPRIETOR. ,
Peaches, Pears, Apr-cots, Japan Keisey Plum
For catalogue apply to
J. A. DANIELS,
Glen St. Mary, Baker Co., Fla.
0PCKS PATENT IMPROVED Ci0i-LD EAROR lF.i.Nis
JACKSONVILLE, October 28,1887.
MEATS-D. S. short rilbs, boxed, 7.;c; D. S
long clear sides, 7c; D. S. bellies, 7c;
smoked short ribs, 8c; smoked bellies, 8%/c;
S. C. hams, canvassed fancy, 12j c; S. C. shoul-
ders,canvassed, 7c; California or picnic hams,
8 c. Lard-refined tierces, 7c. Mess beef-
carrels, $9 50; half barrels, 8550; mess pork,
$15 50. These quotations are for round lots
from first hands.
BUTTER---Market firm and advancing. Best
table, 24@28a per pound; cooking, 15@20c per
Grain, Flour,. Hay, Feed, Hides, Etc.
GRAIN-Corn-The market firm with an
upward tendency. The following figures
represent to-day's values: We quote white
born, job lots, 69c per bushel; car luid
rots, 68c per bushel; mixed corn, job
lots 63c per bushel; car load lots, 62c per
bushel. Oats higher, in sympathy with corn,
at the following figures: Mixed, in job lots,
t0c; car load lots, 88c; white oats are S3c high-
er all around. Bran firmer, $21@22 per ton.
Wheat $150 per cwt.
HAY-The market firm. Western choice,-
small bales, $2100@22 00 per ton; car load lots,
520 50 per ton; Eastern hay, 820 50 per ton.
PXAiL GRITS AND M.AL-Grits, firm, $3 80
per barrel; I
FLou--Best patents, $5 10@5 50; Tood fam-
ily $4 75@5 00; common, 84 25.
PEAs-Mixed $125, whips $135, clays $130.
GROUND FEED-Per toa, $2600.
COFFEry-Green Rio, 21@24c per pound; Java,
roasted, 82@85c; Mocha, roasted, 38c; Rio,
roasted. 25@28c; ground Rio coffee 18@28c per
COTTON SEED MEAL-Demand Hlight. Sea
island or-dark meal, $19 00@20 00 per ton;
bright or short cotton meal $21 50@22.
-ToBAcCO STEMS-Market quiet but firm at
113 firstname.lastname@example.org per ton.
LIMEi-Eastern, 500 barrel lots $180, 100 bar-
rel lots $ 40, less than 100 $150. Alabama lime
3115. Cement-American $200; English .$325
p.r barrel. -
RIcE-The quotations vary, according to
quantity, from 50@6% cents per pound..
SALT-Liverpool, per sack, $100; per car
9ad, 90 cents.
HIDES-Dry flint, cow, per pound, first class,
11y@12 uts; and country dry salted 9O@10 cts;
butchers d-ry salted 8 cents. Skins-Deer flint,
20 cents; salted 18 cents. Furs-Otter, winter
each 25c@$1 00- raccoon 10@15 cents; wild cai
10@15 cents; fox 10@15 cents. Beeswax, per
pound, 18 cents; wool, free from burs, 8@235
eents; burry, 8@15 cents; goat skins 10 cents
CHEREs-Fine Creamery 15Y cents per
LivE POULTRY-Limited supply and good
demand as follows: Hens 35 cents; mixed 30
centr;: nal fIowu 22 ,ieui6. T"'.Vy are scarce
and nlu reat'dEnmaid.
EGOG-DIuivrl C':ou ra". 2. ents p-erdoze- with
good demriud and liUnited, supply.
IRISH P5T.T0E4-NvrthErn p..,iatt.oe-s? 2f'.A
8 25 per barrel.
ONIoNs-western per barrel $3 50, New York
87K, per barrel. 'piii.,Ib 4:.ni ,,uEl..lliper create.
N enr Y ,ork 'I -b'.' ..,; l.31 "ic per nead.
NEW BEEIT-Ne'- York 027:i p,:.r barrel.
TOMAT,. E--New York, per ciate, 61 '.
TuRNIPS-Ruta Baga variety 10'2) oer bar-'
Foreign and Domestic Fruils.
Heavy advance in all canned goods, cover-
Ing F)(c per d-ozen, mo-t n oti,.eable Lu peacbes,
pEars and apples, caused by b-ort lrop-coi-rn
and lomatore: also.in canned dih, principally
In salmon, owin" Lo short catch thijs year,
catch being lighter t.,han any Aeason for four
PTNWEAPPLI.tS--SI 7.ds2 On ncr dozen.
LEslO:Ns-Me.isrs.-$iI 5,.1376 per box.
Fios-N-w. in layer, .15c.
[)AtE3-New Persian-Boxes, qc; Frails, 7C.
Nu'.-A-Al-uonds le; BrazlJs 12c; FibJerts
Slciy l2e: Enliihb walnuts, Orenobles, Ic;
Marbots 15c; Pecaus lie, Peanuit oec; Cocoa-
nuLstSi.54 per hundired.
R.XIINa--Now London 'ayers, 25 per box.
MALA.OA GRAPES-Fuill wnenti, Sup) per
bari el; lI;ht welr iLi. $500 p.r Liarrel.
BtrrsRiNE-1-'-rean.mery 0.c; Extra Dairy 17c;
APPLES'-New Yora. f2 7.5.- 5') per barrel.
Pear' q I') per Oeire I, 1. Ou net- half barrel.
Delaware Giapes,C5tIwba nud C(,oncord 10@-
TamaicaBananas $2 50@3 00 per bunch.
Tb ifYio>owtigL quotatiios arecareilly re-
vised for WedonEiday'. and Salurday'spaper
from quo'aitious lurnished by daerd-re In ne
City tfark-t: .
NEw York rCabi.age wholesale at $2650,300
per barrel andul ieratl ar il,.Ijoceuti -
Swe-t P':.tatO>-s whol.-sale at 5,c per ouisel-
nd retail t 2,.; per' pe,:l.
Eggs are in fair demand. Duval countyeggs
are quoted at wholesale 20 cents per dozen,
and retail at .-5 ce-nit..
Bo.[ior Lwart-',t'at[ ,-riiasbes w'ole.ale at
121i per brrrel, and retail at 4.'5 cents per
New Y,:.rk rrish poltat,.es nwhoil,- al at63 00
per rirrel., andl etril at I() cents per quart, or
woI qari lfor 15 eeniu.
Live poultry.-chickens wholesale at 20@380
cents Each: ielail a '. i.-s,c: ct-i.3 Each. iDresed
poultry, per pour,--,.nlrken, rctaliJ, IS cents.
Norinern meats retail s f ollows: Cnlcaeo
Oneef i] cani Cnts p-r pound, Florida beef ,,W1
cent& per pound; vealn ),'.Bi,.nts; pork 12-,I15
centiS; mutton 1'._Il cen-sd; venUion Z5 cents;
auisaIe I 15 cEIut,.; corued bEefi 10 ceuts.
Oatrh wItjleiale at 24'.1.3)c0euta per peck, and
tetalils at I0 cent, or tino quarts [or 1e retls.
Egg Plantuls wholesaide at 21),25 cents per
Iqozen, and retailU alSiO ceon, each.
N(ribern ruIta bapa turnalps8225 per b-arrel,
four quorts ror 2.5 cantw.
Northe, n carruits wholesale at 52 :,:i per bar-
rel: retail at i) ,-ents per peck.
Celer.vy-Kal-mazoo, i ,'enI.a per dozen, two
sialkd (for 15 cents.
Snap oeuris, wholesale 62 0 ptcr bushel; re-
tail I0 cents per qunrt.
Tomatofs, wholesale it1, )'" l 850 per crate; re-
tab 15(eutr perquart, two quarts for05ceiutA.
White turulps $227i per barrel, four quarts
for 25 cents: greu turnips wholesale at 6
cents per biict retail 10 cents per bunch.
.Egllsh p arsa1`00 petr bushel, 15 cents per
Cranberries SSoL per quart; retail, two
quarts ifor 2,5 cents.
LEAF TOBACCO MARKETS.
NEW YORK, Oct. 28-There is no abate-
ment, of Interest in the tobacco market.
Prices are still tending upward, and the de-
mand Is very strong.
RICHMOND, October 2L.-Leaf tobacco is
flrm. Receipts are good, but sellers and buy-
ers seem tobe holdlug aloof, owingE to the
unsettled market In New York.
LOUJSNV'ILLE, October21.-The markets
fdirmn and prices looking upward. Auction
sales of leaf ranged irom about 835 per hun
dred down to K6.
BA VANNjAH COTTON MARKET.
SAVANNAH, Oc-oner 29.-The Upland
Cotton market opened dull, and clos-
ed at the following quotatlons:
MiddJlng fair 91-l
Good middling. 9 ":
Middllng .. 9- : f
Low middling ................................ 8,
Good ordinary ... Nomina.
The net receipts were 7,13,1 bales; gross
receipts 7,2111 bales; sales 700 bales; stock.
at IbIs port 17,51- bales. Exports coastwise
404-5 bales, exports to the continent, bales,
exports to Great Britain bales, exports to
SEa IS.&.ND COTTON.
* The Sea Island market is active and hard-
ening, but there Is no change In quotations:
JAPAN CLOVER AND TUBRF GRASS.
(Lespedeza striata and Pu ipahiii pflye'rtif. ',
Illustrated and described In FLrIomDA FARMER
AND FRUIT- GROWnER. .
Supplied at $1.00 per ihtonusand.
T. K. GODBEY. Waldo.- Florida.
FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE
NURSERY STOCK! .
A Standard Picket Fence Machine. Two per-
sons can weave from one-to two hundred rods in
a day, from 4 to 6 feet high, at a cost of from 80
to 60 cents a rod. Also White Leghorn Cock-
erels of the Knapp strain. : "
E. W.-AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.
SM. l L[I-.C .1,. ,-r. Sr?,LURE, Alebllt1:
ELLIS & McCLURE,
Architects & Ciil EnlieeIrs,
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
INtUS, SANITARY ENGINEERING, &c..
P 0. ox784. Rooms and 8 Palmetto Block
Bay Street .
B ERMUDA ONION SEED.
.I la-. c-iC .r iN-Niw Tyrik, 'Ui ii rr.--,re in a
few .rn--. ; tr.lh lot i:, BcrLu.l-dI ,'r.u e-d.1 of
my:-vna ,,,prt'.iion. Tri. variety ,i Oni,-n ie
wVell ki,ir r.:, ti, i.l-'-, r.. ei O FI.)ri.jl., har-rg
be-n suc..e..miuiiy gr-:wn D n' t-'sted tnr.:ughi
~J. HOWARD TUCKER, :
PAGH HILL NIJURSRIES. ,
ALL THE NEW VARIETIErE "F PEACHES,
PLUM'; AND PEAR%- BUDDED OIN GEN-
UINE FL'-,RIDA RA-IED rREE.
"-o uot s,--d it-. :,or-,a i..r ; iv stock an-d then
sell iteni a' Ft-.ri-ui Tr--lS.
P trues Vely low. S>'a-i ,r r. 'catlsi-.
W.P. HORNE, :
Fancy Poultry and Hu1tifg DOES.
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties -of Dnmesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
Also Thoroughbred Young Setters and Hounds.
Address VILLA ZANZA POULTRY YARDs,
1000 Loquats 18 to S8 inches in height, stocky
three year from seed, once. transp anted, well
rooted. Seeu selected from choice fruit grown
Iy E. II. Htart, of Federal.Point. Also,lot-of
5'cut p,-r i..:,- a njU Thomas Grape.Vines, two and
thic- ,?j-.n' itron layers, strong and well rooted.
Address, 0. R. THACHER, .
Fairview Nurseries, San Mateo, Fla
s HELL POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS. PLUMS, KELSEY
PLUMS AND OTHER FRUITS.
iend l',:'(Lcucitlrr Crr,:ular contains a sort,
hiit:--ryv i Peiacn Culture in Florida, andhints
aeo to irre
This powder never. varies. A marvel of
purit, I sitrcith bandI wholesomeness. More
couonmicrl thin tue ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold in competition with the
multitude of low test, short weight alum or
phophe powders. ).d only. in cans
NwYAL BAKINr, PowDEr. CO., 108 Wall St.*
BUDS OF THE MAGGIE PEACH
Furnished at $1 per hundred, $8 per thousand
five hundreI ait .n:. rl,..vii. a,- i i1 -
Address, .- -
P.C. MINNICH, ':
r -' FWl i]oFi
, .OYAL 1'A.M tURSERIr.S. :
Ra- tr,.-,.al. rrorn ,u:. n il r-i1 fruit ijau IA'r
opera .ir,:ultiire in Fioi)r.a..rin.i i.:,ri tre Nortbei-n
grt h. ,-u'-. At()O, 1 ii.li l hl t 1 ->mi-rr...pir'
tr,:.-5, i -l, r: rI, l F l':'l-:c.:,, n .l 'eun-era, nur- rv
fto..a S 'J lt,?,l to Fbrwl-ial 11,i 1 [b- ,v .tt
E..t':t: ii.'-in India. Au.rr.aLa &w thie Weet
Ia-lit-s, iIinVy 0" i them nevE ,' -ti-re U, ftl'-l' ,-] .j1
u-i-,t rhe [lir iSt,,Ltes.
T1 iU- .[t-i cmnplee derclipinve catal)guc of
tropiZi! ;Arl-j .ei-era t ir.-,It plants6 pitinrioned Li,
eilpt oft[ 1 >errjtvi 'ri: to silt e _'*,rn-er_ -
lIEONiNER llRO F.
ST. NICHOLiAS, FLA.
AGENT FOR GEO. W BAK-ERBS
Rotted Bone Manure.
DEC,-'NMP'=,SED V ITH POTASH.' -
Pdice, 2'_ per ton rficeeonn board-in. Jackson-
ville, or at lacko-y price when delivered In
New York. : .
FOR THE PEOPLE. .#
-D ILY TIEIIES-UJiOJ
AN EIHT-PAGE PAPEg.
Has the Exclusive Franchise of the
ASSMO1ATED PRESS DESPATCHE8
the Largest and Only Efficient News Service in
the country. Also.
A SPECIAL TELEGRAPHIC SERVICE
and the most-complete
AceS, a.STATE SERVICE
SArcher, "Fla. 4P 4
A lot ot Budded Orange Trees of neset varie-
tisA. 2 year budd. 4 year st ock (so6urM, 1,to I
in.:.hes n diamiet6r, 6 to b feet high, health and
thrInity. Must be sold to make room. Prices
given unon application. Party should state
muiimberwanted. Samples sent upon-receipt of
$1. A full lUine of other nursery stock. Send for
catalogue. Address CHA&.A. MoBRIDE,
BIDWELL'S EARLY, BIDWELL'S LATE
and No. 7. are round peaches, average size,
ripenlne from May lth toJitly lt. Then Bid-
well's IMPRUVEb PEEN-TO. No. 4, Is flat, but
larger and thicker from stem toblossom than its
In Quality Not Excelled ,.by Any
Peach l[Out; -
with not a particle, at any stage of ripening,
of'that bitterao objectionable in the Pesn-to.
Ripens ,with Bidwcll'6 Early.
Theae are all seediLIngs of the Peen-to, a de-
scendant no doubt of Lhat fnuit,-foundt by Atchi-
son In the Hazardarakht Ravine.inAfghanistan;
a form with different shape from that of the
almond, being larger and flatter." "The whole
shrub rpesemblea wat one might, consider a wild
form of the peach of nearly evergreen foliage."
As I am aware there are many spurious trees
being offered, t would give a word of caution to
the planter. Mr. Bidwell hats originated these
trees ; our trees he has grown from bonds cut
from his bearing trees, most of them by his
Addrces all letters, for information or trees, to
me, as on account of ill health he has given me
all business connected with the sale of his trees.
City Office and Packing Grounds, Main treee
P. 0. Box 121, Orlando, Fla.
FRO] ITS OWN CORRESPONDENTS.
frori. all the Leading Citles of the Union, dur-
ing the season, arc indispensable to every
Fruit Grower, asd arc worth to each one
who has dailv mail twenty timunes
the price of the paper. Its
are also full and complete.
One Year, 810Si. SIx-othns.,so. Thr
Moflhs. 82.50. One Hongt St.
FLOBID01 WEEKLY TIIBEI-
is the Best and Cheapest Weekly in the So1uo
Contains the Cream of the Daily for the week
Only $1 a Year; 50 cents for
J'Saample Copies of all Free to ay -
W-Send for circular giving description l t .
Princely Prem ram offerea to sub-
scrlbers to the
Q-R3I-TLY RSTOB TH 4 5AING -.-ri i- ri-i C. -w ii ,- r
' natural drm. Invisible, comfortable and always In position. At
conversation and even whispers heard distinctly. Send for illnutrated
book with testtmonlals, FREE. Address or call on F. IISCOOX,
853 BroadwayI NewYork. Mention this paper.