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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
VOL. I---NO. 43.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26. 1887.
[CE $2 A YEAR.
NOVEMBER. of all cow feed for winter use, keeping
up flesh and producing an abundant flow
Work for the Farm, Garden, of milk. If fed occasionally to horses-as
Grove, Orehard, and Nursery. a substitute for carrots (so highly recom-
mended by English and other experi-
[November was styled by the ancient Saxons enced horse-keepers), the sprinkling of
Wint-Monat, or the Wind-month, from the gales
of wind which are so often prevalent at this salt or brine should not be omitted, and
season of the year, obliging the Scandinavian the quantity of potatoes should not ex-
sea-rovers to lay up theirkeels on shore, and re ceed two or three pounds for each feed,
frain from exposing themselves eon the ocean till at intervals of several days.
the advent of more genial weather In the en-
suing year. It bore,ealso, the name of Blot-Mo- The digging of Cassava roots; the cut-
nath, or the Bloody-month, from the circum- ting and grinding of Sugar Cane; the re-
stance of its being customary then to slaughter pairing of outbuildings and fences; cut-
great numbers of cattle, etc., to be saltedand
cured for winter use. The first day of the month ting and hauling of winter wood; gath-
has long been known and observed is "All- ering leaves for stable use, leaf mold for
Saints-Day" and has been retained by the An- compost-making, etc., will now claim
glican,Church.] pal attention
THE FARM. special attention.
If our farm hints for October were ORCHARD, GARDEN AND GROVE.
heeded and acted on, there is not now Full crops of dwarf _Peas, in double
much cotton left in the field, and the rows,-may now be planted for early
crop is all ginned and baled,'ready for spring marketing. If well up before
market. Should picking have been re- frost, protect with evergreen branches,
tarded, however, by bad weather or etc. Work your Irish Potato crop. Do
other causes, any cotton still left on the not delay putting Strawberry plants into
stalks should be gathered and housed the ground any longer; and remember
without delay, for every day's exposure themain essentials of success for this
now injures both yield and quality. We delicious fruit are: a deeply-worked and
offer no advice about the time of mar- finely-pulverized soil, rather moist, but
keting your crop. That must be gov- not wet; an abundance of leaf mold and
erned by the planter's judgment and ashes, composted, as a fertilizer; strong,!
his necessity. We shall rejoice to see fresh, well-rooted young plants-"run-
the time when the producer of our "great ners" of this year-properly set out, at a
staple" is able to hold his crop for its distance of not less than 18 inches apart,
real and true value, instead of being and cultivated clean and mellow at all
obliged to sell on terms fixed by the times, no runners being allowed in the
speculator or merchant. bearing patch; careful mulching and reg-
If Corn has been cribbed or stored ular watering in dry weather, during
away in the shuck, and the weevils have the fruiting season. Of varieties, we
made their appearance, try the effect of have Wilson, Nunan, Charleston Seed -
a pretty thorough sprinkling with salt ling, Hoffman, Indiana, etc., all valua-
and water (fresh brine) over the top of ble in suitable soils and localities, when
the corn. It will often check their ray- properly managed.
ages and drive them away. Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery, etc., may
Alfalfa or Lucerne may yet be sown now be set out, and more Lettuce sown.
Sin drills on well drained, thoroughly- for a succession. Mustard for greens,
plowed and pulverized and highly ma- may still be sown; also,. Carrots, Beets,
nured land. Rye, Oats, Barley, etc., etc. "
may also be sown during this month- Prepare land for planting the Peach,-
the sooner now the better; but if you Fig, Grape, Kelsey Plum, Japan Per-
cannot afford to put your land in the simmon-and all other valuable decidu-
-best-possible order for these crops,-do not ous fruit trees and vines suitable to our-
waste your time and seed. The small climate. Dig large, broad, shallow.
grains anil grasses maake no satisfactory holes, and use plenty of manure-unless
returns for half-way culture, but will your soil is naturally rich, and even then
pay vdry handsomely for thorough prep- you will probably need potash and other
aration of land, generous seeding, and ingredients of a perfect fruit soil. Select
even'what most farmers would consider small or medium trees, look well to the
a "superabundance" of manure. Try it. roots, and do not be afraid to cut the
Prepare now.for digging and storing tops' back freely. Do not plant your
the Sweet Potato crop, and do not delay trees deep-the best and most easily
until the frost kills your vines. Save reached soil is on or near the surface.
these for forage, as we advised last No deciduous tree should be planted
month; but if not needed for this pur- later than December in Florida; and
pose, shave them clean from the ridges even the orange and other broad-leaved
with sharp hoes, draw down carefully evergreens often suffer from late spring
into the water-furrow, and cover them planting and the sudden coming on of
up by the first furrows run-in digging hot and dry weather, before they are
the potatoes. Each potato planter has well settled or started in the new loca-
his own mode of digging and saving his tion. Let the young grove rest now,
crop, but when there is a large quantity and bend all your energies to the proper
to be secured, we do not know any better gathering and securing of your orange
way than the old Georgia and Alabama crop. In the Northern and Eastern por-
plan, viz: run a light furrow with a turn- tions of the State it will he prudent to
ing plow-steady horse or mule and care- pick and house (or market your crop
ful plowman-on each side of the ridge, before the middle of December. In the
throwing earth into middles, and leaving nursery, the digging. sorting, labeling,
a balk of ten or twelve inches. Hinds, packing and shipping of trees and plants,
with broad, pronged potato hoes should and the work of propagation for next
follow, and rake out of the furrow-slice year, will now be in order, and every
any roots that may be therein buried, day brings its full complement of work.
Then follow with a broad shovel-plow R.
or a regular "potato digger," if you have
it, breaking out the balk and throwing MANAGEMENT OF GOATS.
the potatoes to the surface, when they
are all easily gathered by slight scratch- The Care They Receive and the
ing with the pronged hoes. After dig- Ca The D sv
going, do not let your potatoes lie in the Care They Deserve.
sun, and keep them out of the rain also. i editor Florida Farmer and.iruit- Grower:
Carry them to a cool, airy, shady place; I am glad to see you are recommend-
pile in bulk for a few days, throwing ing your readers to keep goats. From
some dry pine straw lightly over them, long expieibence I know they are profita-
until you are ready to. bank or house. ble if kept properly. It is a fact that
We have seen'potatoes kept-with more they eat with impunity numerousplants
or less success in -"potato houses" of dif- which are poisonous to other domestic
ferent styles, half-underground cellars, animals. Indeed, their range of food is
etc.. but we still adhere to the old-fash- immense. Nothingseems tocome amiss
ioned conical "bank" or "pump," with to them, from a cabbage to a shirt col-
a rough board ventilator running up lar. But, notwithstanding this, it is ad-
through the centre, and covered with visable to give milch goats a little grain
pine straw (next to the potatoes) and a 'or meal. especially in wintertime.
covering on the outside of at least one The) are very hardy, but deserve more
foot of earth-the whole sheltered by a care than is sometimes bestowed upon
rough roof, and surrounded by a tempo- them by thoughtless persons. How fre-
rary fence, as a protection from hogs, quently do we see a poor goat tethered
obhickens,etc. 11mayadd. for the special out on the wet grass in rainy or cold
benefit of the '*new comer," that the weather Who can expect .them to
base of the "'bank" or -"pump" is circu- thrive under such conditions? Dairy
lhr, and that proper drainage is secured farmers are fully alive to the fact that
by digging broad, shallow ditch around the well fed and tended and warmly
the circular base and throwing the earth boused cow gives a better return than
from said ditch on this base, soas to raise the one which is left to pick up her liv-
it about a foot above the surrounding ing in the fields and is exposed to the
surface. This base is then leveled with weather. Now, although goats are far
hoe or rake, covered with three or four hardier than cattle, yet the same princi-
inches of dry leaves or straw, and only pie holds good, and the system I have
the soundest and best potatoes used for adopted with success is to keep the goats
banking-the cut and bruised tubers in a comfortable shed with plenty of lit-
being culled out for immediate use. and ter (which they convert into a valuable
the small ones put in :i separate 'bank" manure, letting them out, to graze dur-
forseed.) Of .the uses of the Sweet Pota- ing the day time in fair weather only.
to it seems useless to dilate to our "par- It goes without saying that they can-
ish" of readers; and yet we may venture not be trusted loose in the neighborhood
to suggest that they are nearly or quite of gardens or orchards, for they are
equal to carrots as a food for closely brimful of mischief,and will,even when
stabled horses, and that, when chopped full. bark trees and browse upon orange
or sliced up finely, sprinkled with salt, thorns, prickly rose bushes, or anything
or moistened with slightly salted water, handy, merely, as it were, out of sheer
and mixed with wheat bran and cotton- cussedness." Therefore, unless one has
seed meal, they make perhaps the best'an enclosed field-very much enclosed,
remember, for they are regular first-class to give prominence to that branch of insect can attach itself during the ado- this is true enough, but straightway the
limber jumpers and will crawl through agriculture, as may be judged from this lescent (growing) stages." This attach- new comer, who has just bought'laitd
any hedge-they must be tethered, but page.-A. H.c.] ment is by a ligament posterior to a stick in the next section, goes to Farmer A,
not in the careless cruel fashion that is orrock that does not move, but is sta- and he as a Epecial favor sells part of a
so common, namely, by being tied with Angora Goats. tionary in running water. Moving "stock" at a good round figure, and the
a short piece of rope to a tree or stake. A correspondent of the Southern Live water in a living stream brings food to -new comer says,' Good bye, Mapes,Lis-
around which the poor animal periodi- Stock Journal says the growing larvae of the parent gnat. ter, Forrester& Co."
cally winds itself up till it has not a foot No one should throw away his time in' Shad and many other species of fis Both herds feed on the sa utme range,
of line left, and can only stand and bleat raising the common hairy goats, only as breed near the heads of rivers and ned, it from the a mile apart. Every-
piteously for some one to come to its as- a basis on which to cross with the Angora creeks, apparently to command the ben- p d, it oay be, a mile next February-
sistance, which is frequently long de- goat. Why ? Because a cross with the efits of clear, cool running water. There thing is lovely until the next February,
played. Fancy a farmer who should treat Angora is so much more profitable, is little anchorage in the muddy water of and then the new comer observes his
cattle ailirn. calves dying, something
wrong. Farmer A is appealed to.
"They've got the salt -sick," says he;
"your place is not healthy for cattle, I
guess." And sure enough, in spite of
everything, if that herd remains at that
place every cow willtake the-diseaseand
die. This is no fancy sketch, but has
been the experience of new comers in
every county in the State since 1852; not
of all immigrants, for some have been
lucky enough to find-healthy locations in
every county, and of course escaped this
Now, what is known of salt sick ? Let
me give a few facts that have come under
my own personal knowledge, and add
tithat any stock raiser in the State can
corroborate these instances and give
others equally as remarkablel, and I
wish I be- would Jo so for the common
good. B f f good.o
b Northward from Archer for t wo miles
is a healthy range. Cows feeding in any
direction. ut --enned" within that
"limit.,remain healthy. Beyond, for four
mileQ, is a '.salt sick'" range. Still be-
yond, for six or eight miles, it is healthy.
S Blue Peet Lake, two miles southeast,
Stis nEarly a ml e long. Cattle grazing on
-e "that prairie, if penned to the north of
l..- its centre, die with salt sick; South, they
-- are lhealtlhy. About 1860two gentlemen
settled near thi prairie and pond, in the
_7 .green pine. They had. cattle from the
h ... e same herd, aud used the- same range.
.. ..... .Mr. K's cowsdied with ilt sick. in spite
.4A -GROUP OF ANGORA GOATS of extia feed. salt and medication. They
a..- .. ..... -shor..t.ti...e.onned oWit yof east. Tde of the pond.T
a cow thus. Would not every-y ne say They are Drres easily raised, being much the Itss.ippi river to hold the eggs or Mr. L. ad no trouble whatever. He
that he must be mad, and that he' could larger and stronger, andnot more choice larvm of-a gnat totheir places. The in- lived on the s double wof the pond.
not expect to get any milk? in what they at. The meat is far superior. sect does not attempt to rear its young thived on the southwest of the pond.
The proper way is to have a good The carcass being much larger, the An- in the"Fatherof Wateis. Comman nd this state of things continues to this
leather collar, either like a dog's, or a gora and the cross can stand the severest the water of small running streams and day. T-o i
head collar, like a'cow's, a strong chain weather, when the common hairy goat you may control the destiny of the in- Mr. .W., living' near Half-Moon Lake,
about six yards long, of galvanized or will freeze to death. sects that slay the farmers' horses, mules, has this trouble with his cows whotile
painted iron, with a strong spring hook The Angora is a profitable animal, be- cattle, hogs, sheep and poultry by the Mr. R., two miles north, has none. Both
at each end, and a strong iron pin of this sides they are a most beautiful animal hundred and by the thousand. Mr. use the same range. I e od
shape. made of wrought iron, upon any gentleman's farm. They will Webster found six larve fastened to one Long Pond, three miles east, is good
about one-half an inch in diame- destroy weeds, briars and bushes upon stick by a thread like a spider's web. range, yet cows penned on the nortiarand
ter, and sharply pointed at the the farm as effectually as the hoe Without something to fasten to, these west die with salt sick. On tLe east or
bottom. It should be tw9 and a and the grubbing hoe. Whed properly young gnats would have had no exist- south they do well.
half feet iong. or even longer, for managed, they are far more profitable ence. dExtending from Mikesville to Wel-
this Florida sand. The pin is than sheep, both for meat and wool. iew, in thought, a small winged in- born, in the high pine woods, are anum-
driven into the ground and the Their skins, when properly tanned, sect, a being of the atmosphere, diving her of small cypress ponds. Cattle
spring hook can be easily put make, most excellent. shoes and qoots. two or more feet under water to find a penned near the ponds on .either, side,
on or taken off. It is necessary to One of the most pleasantly wearing nidus in which to place eggs, as the last take salt sick-two to four miles away
be very particular about the shape of boots I have' ever worn was made of hope of instinct to leave living posterity they are healthy. Nobody can tell any
this pin, because if made as above the the Angora skin. in this world. Place a wire net across difference in soil, timber or grass. The
goat can go round and1 round to its The g at rarely has kids oftener than the stream above and below the breed- infected and sourd cattle graze together,
heart's content and never get wound up; once a year. They go twenty-one weeks, ing water of this species of gnat to keep the disease not being contagious.. I have
whereas, if the pin be made have one, two and some timesthree. fish from getting away from the work of seen cases where cows had been shut up,
thus, it will not turn in the Tihey kid in December and January. eating gnats during the two or three fed on chopped feed, corn and fodder.
W ground.: Let :the blacksmith be I am inclined to the belief that horses weeks of the larva and!pupa stages of They would take the disease, he calves-
told to make it like the, letter P, an.d (ows are less liable to disease when their existence. With a fair stock of died, and unless the cows were removed
and not like a key handle. the goat is allowed the liberty of mixing breeding fish the-nets convert the stream to another range speedily, they would
SI would only now add, give the freely with these animals and. sleeping into a fish pond, and mainly for the die; or thecalves would take the disease
goat some water, tether her in a neartthe stables and cow lots. consumption of Southern Buffalo gnats. and in a year or so the cows also.
o shady place, and take her in if it Neither.Prof. Wiley nor Mr.g Webster No theory ltever heard will stand the
rains, or just before sundown. .If ANIMAL PARASITES'. found any difficulty in finding the test of these facts. Nearly every stock
the weather be cold, only leave her there breeding places of these enemies raiser has his ideas; short grass, starva-
a short-time. With your permission T I1.The Buffalo Ghat, a Terribly of mankind, and of all quadrupeds. ion, partridge peas, coffee weed, water
will return to the subject at a future Destructive. InseCt. Gnats of another species extend from bonnets, stagnant water mushrooms,
date, as I feel sure many of your reader the Gulf-north far into -Canada and sanding', have all been blamed in turn.
would like to try the experiment t o of BY DANIEL LEE, l. D. acrossthe continent from east to west. One deduction is plain: It is the penning
keeping a" pocket cow." Animal and vegetable parasites are Buffalo gnats occupy a quite limited place, where cows sleep, that is un-
J. KENNARD. doing so much harm to farmers and area from restraining conditions which healthy..
Lismo. PutnampCounty, Fla., fruit growers that agricultural journals need not be noted at the present writing. The first symptom .is luggishness, as
Oct. 15, l %. dmay profitably -give more space and at- Make the environment a little' more un- if under a narcotic influence. The cow
S. t mention to the discussion of the best favorable to the insect and its extinction will stand sleepily around, while others
Wanted Choice Live Stock. ways and means for destroying these will be as certain as the removal of the are feeding vigorously. She loses appe-
a t o enemies. F. M. Webster, entomologist, once living mastodon from this earth. tite, refuses shucks, corn, fodder, or even
Editfo-ori cridac Faier ond Fruit-romuer: writing for his department under Prof. NASHVILLE, Tenn., Oct. 1st, 1887. beggar weed sDe.3modium). Diarrhea
,T want several good milch cows, and Wiley, at Washington, say.: "There is then sets in, followed by constipation.
don't know where to get such as are ac- 4 authentic record of the occurrence of SALT SICK. The glands of the neck swell, breathing
collimated. Can you inform me? I don't t'e.9Southern Buffalo Gnat in Louisiana .-- is labored, the cow trembles, rapidly
mean scrub slock, but such cows as will prior to the year 1850." A Mysterious Disease Affecting becomes emaciated and dies. The bar
give three to five gallons of milk per After citing early records he remarks: osCattle in Florida. ecis rough, the milk supply fails, the urine
.day. Perhaps some of your readers can "Of si.x mules and two horses belonging is scanty and high colored.
give interesting experience with North- to:Mr. Coons, all of which were as well BY J..C. NEAL, M. D. Pot-mortems show no constant Lea-
ern cows brought io Florida. Do you as-usual on the morning of the Ilth, the This singular disease no doubtprevails tres. There is some paleness of the
regard it risky to bring cows here from morning of the 12th found only one all over the "wire grass section' of the meat, the lungs are normal, the blood
Georgia or South Carolina? I can get mple alive. In the meantime a neigh- South, though it may not be known by forms pale clots. The condition seems
excellent cows in Pennsylvania at a cost boring planter had lost thirty mules, themisnomer, "saltsick,"inotherStates, like .panemia, or a long continued
of from $30 to .$50) but am fearful they andi Mr. Douglass, on Somerset plants- nor be so marked asin Florida. The ag- course of mercurials upon the human
will not stand this climate. We lost tion, a few miles below, had lost ser- ricultural interests of Florida suffer system, or a Chlorosis.
many fine animals in Texas before we enty-fivemules. The mortality through- nearly as much frointhis malady as from Calves are born with thedisease. They
succeeded in establishing our own stock out the parishes of Madison. Tensas, and the unstable "frost line," the remorseless eitherdie at birth or soon afterward. In
of high grade cattle but now that State Concordia, within a few days amounted railroads or merciless mortgages. Even many cases the mothers do not have the
is competing with Illinois and Missouri. to upwardsof four thousand mules and "leeching" does but little damage in diseaseatall. Pregnantcows when salt
I want some good hogs also. No razor- horses, principally the former." comparison. Not every pond will sick, usually drop calves prematurely,
backs need apply. C. B. C. Thibd'-letter is written mainly to learn "leech," many horses are exempt, and and if then removed to a healthy range,
[If any one has choice live stock for through the FARMER AND FRUrr-GRow- by constant vigilance that disease canbe recover, but rarely are fit for milch cows
saleit wouldseem that self interest would ER whether this agricultural plague has kept in abeyance. No breed of cattle is or breeders-are generally barren after-
prompt him to advertise it. We would yet extended from Louisiana to Florida. proof against salt sick, and, till tried, no ward.
counsel any one who is not able to take Like thile disease described by Dr. Neal spot is safe in Florida.- Some locations I know of no remedy other than re-
heavy risks not to import animals from ["Leching," in issueof August 3d], it is are death to cattle, and the most.expe- moval to a distant and well ascertained
north of the lower districts of the Gulf a killing power with no mercy. rienced cattle- owner cannot tell why, healthy range. Many costly experiments
States. In the first numberofthis jour- n 18.84, in Franklin Parish, La., gnats nor, before trial, if any given place is have been tried by our farmers, in the
nal, on fifth page, we described the man- caused the death of 3 200 head of farm healthy 6r unsafe as a penning ground. way of extra care, feed, salt, straw bed-
agement of a Florida dairy farm, on stdckewithin-one week after their ap- Hardly a week passes but some old- ding, shelters, medication, but with no
which Jersy cattle, brought from Indi- pearance. Mr. Webster was forced to timer, Farmer A, comes out in the success..
ana, had been kept and bired from with the conclusion "that these gnats follow FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, or the So you see, we cannot all keep cattle,
greatest success. Such cattle need extra the tendency of others of the genus, and Dispatch or the Agriculturist, with a pen our land, or dispense with "phos-
care, and it is better-astocows-Lto have breed exclusively in the running water grand flourish of rhetoric, declaiming phate," till somebody solves the mystery
graded stock. We are disirous of bear- of small streams. But, besides this, against using boughtenen manures, of this disease, or provides us with a
ing from all who have had experience there is another equally essential ele- kainit, etc.," bragging up the *'home- remedy.
with any kind of live stock, for we wish mindnt, namely, something to which the made stuff, penned cattle, etc." All of ARCHER, Fla., Oct. 10, 1887.
. ^ .'** ;
i-v r A,--.-r'a ... iM A -..IT'TU-T A T V- +" nTTTrT' -O" Ti T. m -D:7bI10 "C.. ) -n .
338 iLUtIUDA rAR-iVIIER AiN 1-' r 1u 1
d Cold Storage in California. That the Peach tree can be acclimated t
WThe Sanb Francisco Herald of Trade far north of where it will now thrive!n
SThe San Francisco Herald of Trade and fruit I know from example. About c
thus discusses the merits of cold storage twenty-five years ago in a Peach or- u
COLD STORAGE. and the results reent experiments: chard of about 50 trees, grown from seed li
The present fruit season has demon- brought from Ohio, the severe winter of e
I strated more clearly than ever the neces- '61 when the thermometer showed f
Waldo Takes the Lead for the sty ofstoring raw fruits to keep for an 26 degrees below zero, killed all but three p
Preservation of Oranges. ndebsorte the ove receipts. Last -moth or four trees, one of which bloomed the a
The Times Union of October 15th con- fruits catne inin such quantities that it following spring and matured its f uIlt.n
tains the following important announce- was an impossibility to take care of Alnte ad wefrm ethm I grew trees
ment: them, consequently many consignments that withstood 26 degrees and matured
Mr. Fred Balcom, vice-president and had to be put on the market and Peachesthe following season. The seed A
general manager of The American Re- best obtainable figures accepted. This ,ac e ag owd o e tree-
frigerating and Construction Company, condition obtained elsewhere also, at bothwood and buds withstood 28r
of Harrisburg, Pa., came in on a late which set the inventive Yankee at work the ood I poigt athst fom2
train Thursday night. Mr. Balcom was to remedy the evil; consequently expe- grees, and I thought I had a fortune,
here a short time ago, and drew plans ments were made at Boston, in AugusBt ohufit onaseedlng of thEuropean Pldum,
and submitted propositions for the con- last, looking to the ost feasible meth- otft on seedlings tocks, but the European Plum,
struction of cold storage warehouses at ods of keeping raw fruits. The more so as to have hardy stocks, but the last
this and other pointsints the State. The practicable and probably the best plan wann oS ete lyua relts ld and
purpose was the manufacturing of ice was made in that city as follows: A
and the operation of cold storage rooms, number of cases of peaches, pears, plums tf
for preserving all kinds of perishables, and grapes, which arrived from this Truck Farmers' Crops.
but principally for oranges. Theseplans State in ventilator cars, were put in cold The following points, gathered from a
were shown to many of the practical storage for two weeks to see what the ef- the experience of the Louisiana truck i
business men and to many orange grow- fect would be. The fruit was taken out farmers, as given by the Times-Demo- w
ers, who pronounced them feasible and and exhibited at the stand of Messrs. crat, may be interesting to the truckers
as being likely to increase the value of Emery Bros., FaneuilHall Square. The of this State: i
the golden fruit. condition of the fruit was unchanged, IRISH POTATOES.
The plans of Mr. Balcom are as follows: and it was claimed that the treatment The experience of truck farmers in
The company of which he is a member, does not at all affect the fruit for pur- them Louisiana is: That rc atoes i
proposes the erection of these cold stor- poses of ordinary exposure and sale after- So in the far N t are ptrable to
age warehouses, in various points in the ward. raised in then ron for i t are pi ae to
State, at which places oranges in crates -The reason for the test above mention- the Southern grown fur eed. They are
and barrels will be received and placed ed was to demonstrate the fact that larger, more prollfi. less subject to dis.
in the storage rooms. The object in fruit will keep in first class condition at ease, and produce earlier. We do not
placing the fruit in cold storage is to a temperature of 40 degrees, and after- approve sending North for seed, but so
hold it over from the season when fruit ward stand up under exposureas well as far as regards potatoes In this lat tude,
is plentiful and cheap, to the season of it would if it had been exposed at the think it pays for the extra expense. o
the year when things are reversed, when time it was placed in storage, thus CREOLE ONION. 1
fruit is very scarce and will bring high making it possible, instead of sacrificing Onion- seed sown in lower Louisiana i
prices. the goods, ifithe market is unfavorable, during the month of September will be t
Mr. Balcom is on his way to Waldo, to hold them over until prices are better, ready for transplanting in November h
where they have contracted for the con- The experiment demonstrated that raw following. They are generally harvest
struction of one of these warehouses, fruits kept in cold storage not only do ed in April, leaving the ground in ex-
In a conversation with a Times-Union not lose flavor, but on exposure to the cellent condition for corn and peas,sweet
reporter last night, he said that they ex- open air do not go into rapid decay, potatoes or some similar crop. The soil
pected to have the building erected, the This method of keeping fruits can be cannot be made too rich for onions, -
machinery in place and active operations safely carried on by horticulturists, can- CABBAGE.
begun by December 1st. The machinery ners and driers, and the fruit kept in CABBAGE.
has already been constructed, and only storage until required. In Oakland if We have never known our markets to
waits for a covering to protect it from we are correctly informed, a gentleman bea overstocked with large, compact
the weather, before being shipped to that made and sold this year several refriger- heads of cabbage, suitable for reship-
point. The building that will be put up ators peculiarly adapted to the cold meant, and at a time when there is a de-
in Waldo, is to be wooden1 with a brick storage process. These refrigerators and for them in the Northern market.0
boiler house. It will be two stories, and were manufactured as large as required, If planted 2 by feet, that will give 7,260
will cover a lot 62x229 feet. The rooms and have been found to answer all pur- heads per acre, at 2s cents each, will net
where the machines for making ice and poses for which required in storing raw $181.50, which is by nomeans a poor re- t
for cooling the storage rooms will be fruits for preservation. A company has turn from an acre of ground. ]
placed is to be 50x61 feet in size, and will been formed in this city for receiving CAULIFLOWER.
contain, when all the machinery is in fruits in cold storage. Part of the old Non-success in growing cauliflower is e
place, two ten-ton and one twenty-ton California Sugar -Refinery works on caused mostly by sowing cheap seed. I
ice machines. These are known as the Brannan street, are being remodeled for The best varieties sell at $5 per ounce. p
Harrisburg absorption ice machines, and the purpose. The price sounds high, but the best is
produce cold by the expansion of liquid In speaking of the cold storage experi- the cheapest in the end. G
ammonia. Coils of pipe are carried into ment at Boston, the New England Gro- RADISHES.
a brine tank, and though these the cer advocates the sending of fruit frm rowin radishes for
liquid ammonia is forced by the power this State to the East in refrigerator cars, An easy way of growing radishes for n
of expansion. These coils of pipe, run-, and says that only a small quantity of a Northern market is the one practiced
ning as they do through the tanks filled fruits arriving there in ventilated cars by growers on the Illinois Central Rail-
with brine, reduce the temperature of- are edible, but by the former way of road. This is done by simply cowpen-he
the liquid to about sixteen degrees. This shipping all can be kept fresh and good, ning a piece of land and sowing the
brine, in turn, is forced through other and further adds: "Shipment by refrig- seed broadcast. No cultivation is neces-
pipes in coils to the cold storage room, erator cars would, of course, make slow- buncary When o the poper size they are
and through this agency the temperature er time, but it is claimed the rates would bunched and shipped to their desta-
is reduced to any degree that experience be wonderfully reduced by this method, ion. Some growers catae
may find best for the preservation of The fruit, if cooled properly before leav- $.) per are net.
the articles stored. ing California, would come through at a STRAWBERRIES.
The cold storage room will contain temperature of from 40 degrees to 50 de- The area to be planted in strawberries
100,000 cubic feet of space, and will be grees, bringing every package in excel- this season on the Illinois Central Rail-
large enough for the storage of 40,000 lent condition, and saving the large per- road, between Canton and Ponchatoula,
crates of oranges, or other articles taking centage-of loss, in addition to cutting the will, it is said, exceed two thousand
lip the same amount of space. This freight bill down one-half of what he is acres The writer well remembers when
large room will be sub-divided into obliged to pay to-day." This is a sub- his strawberry patch of ten acres'over-
twelve smaller ones, which will be from jeot deserving careful consideration of stocked the market. It is possible that
22x25 feet to 25x48 in size,- all to all interested in the fruit business, for if the buisness may be overdone. Why
be the uniform height of 9 feet. The the experiments prove a success upon a not. vary the crop with other varieties of
pipes will be run along the sides larger and more extended scale, there is fruit?
of the room-,3 and through these no danger of Californians over doing the :
the cold brine will 'be forced by a growing of fruits. Flowering Plants for Winter.
will be kpt traom 4to 45 degrees aboc How Trees are Acclimated. The following points on in-door flower
zero, which has b-een denmonstrat-Ed to be A writer for PopularGardening. in tile gardening, are taken from theAmerican
the best for pres-rving all perishable ar- letter quoted below, huws ,how tuee- and Florist, and will be found applicable in
tides. plants may-become ailapted to widely this climate:
Electric thermometers will be -placed different climates. ilt some Florida The- primrose is about the only plant
in each room, which will be connected nurseryman could find an orange tree that will stand a freeze in the house and
by wires with recording dials in the of- that had withstood a temperature of zero, come out unharmed, -
fice. These not only record in ink and he might make a fortune by propagat Begonias Rubra, Se-mperfl.:rens and
automatically, the temperature of the ing from it- Nitida are all good winter bloomers if
rooms at all hours or the day and night, The article- on this subject [the accli- kept warm and moist. Begonias are
but can besoarranged that thedifference mating of southenin tree-J by my friend less subject to attacks front insects than
of a degree in the temperature of the Josiah Hoopes, may be right in most of most plants.
rooms will set a bell ringing, which will the assertion: made if he'is iinderstood The Ageratum blooms very freely with.
keep up its tintinnabulations until the by his readers: but I am sure he will not but little care. The flowers vary in
temperature is changed to the degree begeneraily. Had he said we cannotac- color from puie white to the darkest
set on the dial. climate a variety of a species much far- blue. This plant will be found very
Fruit will.be placed in- these rooms their north than its natural h..bitat, all -valuable for winter blooming., : :
from December until the close of the would. I think, hare understood him. Any bulbs that have been once forced
fruit season. It willbe packed in crates But that a species cannot through its are of but little use for that purpose a
and barrels and placed in these rooms progeny 'thus be acclimated I am sure second: time. Those who have such
where the temperature will be gradually- Mr. Hoopes is not. going to ali mru. bulbs would better plant then in the yard
reduced to the standard adopted. It Examples like the latter we have be- and secure a fresh supply for the house.
will remain in these- cold stroage vaults fore our eyes every day in our Indian The Abutilon is now numbered with
from 24 hours to four or five months. Corn. Tomatoes, Potatoes. Egg-plant, all the desirable window plants.7 In grow-
When shippers desire to ship by refrig- our Curcuoitraas and dozens, yes. hun- ing this plant do not spare the knife, as
Erator cars, and wish the temperature dreds of other things. In fact, nearly its rigorous growth makes it necessary
reduced before starting their fruit, the every cue of our cultivated tree., plants, to prune freely to keep plant in Lounds
-erateswill be subjected to this cooling etc., hare been advanced from the South and shape.
process for from -2410 36 hours. Thlegreat northward. On the fact tha' we can 'If yjou value the comfort and'health-
imass of the fruit will be long storage, acclhmate varieties of species depends fulness of 'your plants,-use plairn, un-
.however. Placed in the vaults during our future hopes of improvement. That painted pots. Fancy painted pots will
the fruit season, it will be kept at this Southern trees cau be and aie contin- not allow air or moisture to percolate
uniform degree of temperature until ally being acclimated t.- the North by through, hence soil is apt to beco.ue
the spring and summer months, when Nature's laws, and we by assisting sodden and sour.
the decreased quantity and increased Nature can do it much more speedily, is For winter hanging baskets, Oxalis
demand will make prices much better obvious. Take i iend Hoopes'example, and Othounia are the most satisfactory
than when the fruit was first picked, the Magnolia grandilflor.t. Finding a plants we know. If an upright growing
Forty tbou-and dollars will be the healthy, vigorous variety of that speNies plant is desired, choose Begonia nigri-
cost of the plant, of which $20i,0ii, iasisub- fruiting freely near the northern limits cans or Pilea. Plant the Oxalia and
scribed by resident stockholders of of its habitat, weather and plant them. Pilea around the edges.
Waldo, the remaining portion being say, one hundred miles northward. Of I do not know of a more constant win-
taken by thecomupany which Mr Balconi these a few will undoubtedly be found ter blooming plant than the well-known
represents, hardy, and from such we s-lect themoasr Chine-e Primr-ose Primuli Chineisis.
The Americani Transportation Corn- rugged ones, fruit them. planting the During summer it rests and is ready to
pany, of which Mr Balcom is manager, seeds again further northward, and so bloom by holidays and will continue in
operates refrigerator cai= for the ship- on generation after generation: this is bloom until warm weather comes. It is
menut of fruits, and it is their itrtention acclimation. If the experimeutor could best to grow new plants from seed each
to run a line of these cars from Florida handle this Magnolia intelligently, say year, as the plants seem to lose vitality
to the North, if the demand for them for 5,000 years, I have no doubt but what after two years' blooming.
will justify the outlay necessary, be cou'd carry it up to Manitoba. Roses, pelargoniumr, abutilons and
Several other points in the State, aside I know what brother H.:.opes means mauy other plants are much benefited
from Waldo, are contemplating the and says, namely, that one cannot dig bv an occasional application of soot wa-
erection of similar plants. Jaclsonvuille up a young tree of Magnolia grandiflora ter. Prepare in this manner: Put about
parties among others, are figuring on a in Louisiana, take it. to Philadephia, and a quart of soot in a bag made of cloth,
large plant, and it is probable that one there teach or toughen it ro withstand and plunge in about an ordinary pailft'u.
will becoastructed and in operation be- the winters. But his meaning lacks of hot wa-ter. Work the bag well in the
fore next" summer. Those plants, not plainness for the people generally, water and let stand until cool. Dilute
only keep in operation cold storage It is true that B. far we hare failed in this with clear water before application,
warehouses, but manufacture ice for acclimating some valuable fruits; but it at least one half. No rule can be given
sale as well. At Waldo, the ice ma- has been our own fault. Take the as to strength, but it is better to have it
chiues are to have a capacity of 30 tons Peach. We have given our whole ar- too weak than too strong.
daily. Keeping the temperature of the tension to prefecting the fruit, and little The following named ..eeds may be
cold storage rooms down to'the degree or none to developing a tree-for our sown in the house in fall or winter:
exacted will reduce the capacity 7- tons. northern climate. At least this is true for Abutilon, alyssum, aurecula, balsam,
leaving a daily output of 23 tons. the per od previous to the last few years, begonia, browallia, calceolaria candy-
uft, carnation, centaurea, chrysanthe-
mum, cineraria, coboea, coleus, cuphea,
yclamen, daisy, forget-me-not, gerani-
im, gloxinia, heliotrope, hollyhock,
aintana, lobelia, mauranclia, mignon-
tte, oxalis, pansy, petunia, primula,
everfew, salvia, smilax, stocks, sweet
eas, verbena, and vinca. Most of them
re too tender t o sow out of doors.
ROW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED
A Few of Many Expressions ot
Mr. F. E. Heatb, of New Yorki City,
writes under date of September 26th:
'Your paper can stand comparison with
ong established agricultural journals in
the North; and it is beyond comparison
he best of this class ever published per-
taining to Florida."
Mr. R. J. Wrightof Tangerine, writes
s follows : "Your paper has more than
held its own, and is getting better every
week. There is a freshness about it that
nakes every number an agreeable sur-
Mr. Ezra A. Osborne, the owner of the
mmense cocoanut groves on the south-
ern coast, writes from his home in New
Jersey : "The FARMER AND FRUIT-
SROaWXER is ahead of any other paper I
ave seen in' showing us Northerners the
great agricultural advantages of Flor-
Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
stationer of Palatka, writes, under date
)f June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER AND.
FRUIT GROWER is-a perfect success. It
is far ahead of anything of the kind in
the State, and every one interested in
horticulture or agriculture should not be
without it." :
Capt. R. Rose, president of the St.
Cloud Agricultural and Improvement
Co., writes from Kissimmee, under
date of June 10th, as follows: "The
FARMER continues to improve, and, as I
predicted, is becoming dg the standard ag-
iculaural ciurnal of the South."
Mr. G M. Whetston, of MikesritlIe,
Columbia county, writes under late of
Auguct :3t: "'The FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWTR is the best journal of its kind in
the South. It is doing a good work
toward advancing farming industry in
Mr. F. S. Sprague, of Federal Point,
expresses his opinion as follows: "I have
taken cultural and horticultural pa-
pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro-
nounce the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER far superior to them all. You
need not entertain fears for its success.
Its meritswill win its way. Please send
me an extra copy to send to a friend in
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Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green
Land and. Improvement Company,
writes under date 'of May 2d: "We
think THE FARMER ANDI FR E t*GROWtER
the best to be had f.r farmers in Flor-
ida. We always ;get new ideas from it."
Mr. E. W. Amaden. of Ormond-oh-the-
Halifax, wri tes as follows : "I am tak-
ing ten papers on agricultural subjects,
and if asked to surrender the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER, I would tell them
to take the other nine, but leave me
that. May peace and plenty and years
of grace be given you to continue the
Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county,
writes: "I believe your paper will do a
good work in disseminating new ideas in
regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
"Judging from whatI have seen of .the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, .-it. is the
best agricultural [.aperi published in tlire
South. I predict immense success for it.'
Prof. SN.N. VhitLer, of. the Agricul-
tural College of Fk i ila, writes as fol-
lows; "I can say in all sincerity, it has
exceeded y mi.-st saigline expectal ious.
Already it is without a peerin all the
Mr. Charles W. Stevens, of Orange
county, writes: -"Your paper far ex-
ceeds-the hopes of the most sanguine
in its good work. It fills a want
long' felt in this part for a good ag-
ricultural paper. Success to you."
Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at. Mala-
bar,writes: "I am delighte-d with the
FARMER AND FRUiT-GROWER, and rec-
ommend ii to all onaccount Of its com-
plete adaptation to the' wants of this lat-
Mr C0. H. Goodrich, of Orange Park,
writes: "1I must. say that the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly the best
publication of the kind in the State. I
take them aU and can compare their
ProfD D, L. Piares, the eminent pro-
fes.or of biology in the Agricultural Col-
lege of Mississippi. says in thle Southern
Live Stock Journai : "His [the editor'JJ
valuable paper already appearing in the
first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
tion and prediction. They may be fully
relied upon for conecietitious correc-
ness of statement and scientific accow-
acy of detail."
Hon. J. Win. Ewan, writing from
Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly
you ate doing a good work in establish-
Ing an enlightened and scientific system
of agriculture, which heretofore hasl
been seti'ously neglected. Your paper is
inviting in appe-aance, pure in senti-
ment. and progressive in pi-inciple, and
surely must succeed."
Mr. Thomas Meeban, ithe distinguished
ho ticulturistand proprietort of ithe Ger-
urantown nurseries, in a Letter dated
March 5th. writes: "I am very much
pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER, and shall read it regularly,
which you know is a high compliment
for an editor Co pay to an exchange."
Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes at
follows: "I. look upon your paper at
one of the most valuable additions tc
our agricultural interests. It is ablr
edited, practical, directs attention t(
matters of primary importance in th(
development of our various industries
PATRONItZ YODR HOME MANUACTJRER.
SOAPS, PURE: GROUND BONE,
Bonnothean Orauga Treo Emulsion,
trie Best [Insectlele Extaut. Coarse Ground
B.,ne f.r P.i.nltrv. SoIt Siip, and oap 'hips i.r
mnikLng e-,ap$ii,.i for Plants and V getables.
OFFICE, NO. 2S OCEAN STREET,
P. 0. Box 343, -,. Jisondle, Fla
Mississippi allEy Pultry Y roprs,
J.- FLETCHER HURLEY, ProP'r,
GR ENADA. MISSISSIPPI,
Breeds Prize Winning,
Plymonth Rocks. Wyandoiles, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE ATALL TIMES
EGGS IN SEASON.
Won all the Leading Prizes at tihe
North Mississippi Poultry Show at
Waler Valley, Feb. 9 to 1l 1887.
Farmers wishing to Improve their stock can
get SPECLL BARGOAINS of me. I also sell a
Poultry Journal' and Books at Reduced Prices.
endo for Catalogue and Price LIst, free; or
wcera for wants.
Please mention this paper.
FREE, ONE SAMPLE GOPY.
Before yon decide where to go In SOUTH
FLORIDA. send for a sample copy of
TEHE ORANGE GROVE.
You will find better and cheaper bargains In
MANATKr County in groves, farms, ranches of
any size. Building lots on railroad, river or sea-
side. The proprietorof**Te Orange Grove Is
an *'old -timer," but, neither moss back'dor ide
bound; he is here to atay and "There Is millions
itn It." Three Millions ofAcreson bhis Books.
Address THE GROVE LIVERPOOL, FLA.,
and carries with ita spirit of energy and
enterprise that must address itself to ev-
ery searcher after information."
Mr. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas,
Duval county, writes under date of
April 26th : "THE FLORIDA FARMER AND
FRUIT GROWER has far surpassed expec-
tations. It sheds light on many obscure
pages in the book of Florida's possibili-
ties in fruit, forage, live stock and in the
development of her vast store of hidden
Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights,
writes, under date of July 2: "You can
not imagine the solid comfort I get from
the sensible advice given in the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER in all matters per-
taining to the farm, from your able
corps of contributors and the logical
views of the editor. The paper is a God-
send to the granger who is threading
the labyrinthan ways of Florida-farming
and fruit growing."
Mr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes:
"The new paper is just what all engaged
in tilling the soil should have. We like.
the style in which it is managed. : Facts
and not boom talk is what is needed for
the advancement of Florida."
Mr. John A. Germond, of Keuka,
writes, under date of July 5, as follows:
"I consider the FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER the peer of any agricultural
paper published in the South."
Mrs. A. H H., of Winnemisset, Fla.,
writes as follows: "We are new comers
and have much to learn, and your paper
is just what we have wished for ever
since we arrived here. 'Our Cosy Cor-
ner' contains just what every woman in
Florida ought t, read, words of encour-
agement and comfort to the homesick,
weary, struggling asiterhood. God
bless 'H. H.' May she live to. write
many wori-,. ,f cheer. Her recipes, too,
are so well suiteil to Florida. As our
resources in the otunt v are limited.
they fill a large ryant.
Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, ex-
presses himself as follows: "The FAM-ER
.AND FRUIT-GROWER is the best thing in
its way I have seen.. It is just the paper
needed, and if you keep it up to the pres-
ent standard of excellence must become
popular with the people. I can't see
where you have left.any room for im-
Mr. J. IR. Campbell, of Paisley, writes
to us as follows: "Out of five papers I
take, yours is the only one I read every
Mr. Percival Brewer, or MIonmoutb,
Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: "*I
think your paper the best agricultural
paper published in the South. ".
Mr. W. W. Dewhurst, of St. Augustine,
writes of the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER
under date of July183: "Its character is
greatly in advance of anything ever be-
fore printed in Florida of it. class. and
its aim is so near what we have long
needed that-I feel it a duty to give it aid.
The farmers and others holding the in-
tertests of theStmteabove private sprcula-
tion, mu:t organize to i:ontrol the Legis-
lature aud they need a newspaper to
educate them and prepare to work out
the subjects for legislation and secure
unity of action."
/ Practice, etc.
will be contributed to by persons wbo have made
specialties of those branches.
Ali portionaof the State will receive a due
amountof attention, and their Lunerears will be
represented by able correspondent.
Under no ctrcumstarces wUill thisjoarnal be-
come the' "organ" of any association or locality.
It willstart out untrammelled and will repre-
sent all sections and mterests with absolute im-
Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week.
PRICE OF SUiBSCRIPTIOMN:
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Six MonuthR ...................... 1 00
Three Months 50
SPECLMEN COPIES FRBE.
Address subscriptions and other business com-
C. H. JONES & BRO.,
Commnnjcations for the editorial department
should be addressed to
A. H. CURTISS, Editor,
DEVOTED TO THE
Thus jjurnab wIldi bare for its leaang'object
the promoi:n ..f rural in-luirrieAin Florida, and
will advocate especially a more diversilled and
intensive system of agriculture and greater
ec-.nomy oitr nme resrourre-.
A --ouinp .a thI ,e agnre t,-ural adapta"onso-
a large p'rr"n of Fiori'an rer i yEt iuhit imper-
fectiy cdElrtriod, a cpeenal aim cf this journal
will be to describe the bevt results which live
Sn accowpu ie, w In Ine exaer methods em-
z't,-.7ci. and A inuluences saffectiring -en resnlrs;
also to ig t ea r endescribe newor ritle
known ro. a'r fii. et,.. andi .rc ...rd the progress
There We be a J e.u re l art areioes lean mruit-other
than t.bo e of tho tarms grOup-which have
proved mot s:.cef rural intus Stateor Each va-
e advocate especially a more nd
And there wini ibe not' from perons adwho have
will i.e teinecuinribe hcibvation. Truth s whihabe
,:'r -gr rure n ne,nbr-,ig -tatea. _
iriwedy a wSnithlar sere bera on-on
AndoTh ersubjects wi be atilirrtedtoe a limited
Mruchattentioi willbd e devoted .
S ive, Stock
'Andto ihe bome prodution ofrforage and fertili-
Anrs, two e notes fromes perso whareeennalo ba-
exentu. farming. :'
A due amount of space will be devoted to
'household economy and to reports of the mar-
kets, and the departments of
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. OCTOBER 26, 1887.
TOBACCO IN CUBA.
III.--Manipulation of the Leaf.
Fertilizer and Seed.
BY CHARLES E. POUJAUD.
REMOVING FROM THE STICKS.
When the first showers fall in March,
the humidity of the atmosphere gives the
tobacco a certain flexibility which allows
of its being moved without breaking the
leaves, which otherwise would be rather
too dry. This is the period chosen for
taking m t leaves from the laths or poles,
separating them carefully from the stem
and placing them one on top of the
other. The first is termed despalillar,
or to unstick, the last, empilonar, or to
When the rains are late, the culls will
be placed in the dew at night on forked
sticks stuck in the ground, which will
soften the leaves, and the next day you
can draw the stems and pile. These
piles are covered with dry banana leaves
and left for twenty days, after which
time they will have passed the heat, and
the leaves will have become elastic and
have acquired good color and aroma, for
they communicate mutually their fra-
In the pressing or piling of tobacco,
after it has lost all the vegetable juice, it
is subjected to a second fermentation, so
as to clear it from the glucose or syrupy
liquid. Each pile must be subjected to
the fermentation it requires, according
to its quality, that is, greater for high
quality, and less for minor quality.-
Selection is the separation of the dif-
ferent qualities of tobacco, for which
leaf by leaf it is taken from the pile, and
as many separate piles are made as
classes are desired to be made. Gen-
erally the separations are deshechito,
choice; libra, second choice; injuriado
bueno, good quality; injuriado malo,
broken or fillers; and capaduras, a select
tobacco as to size and quality.
The deshechito is the best, the leaf
being the largest, unbroken, and of ex-
cellent quality and aroma; it has body,
is elastic, burns well, is free of thick
veins and has a bright cinnamon color.
The libra is a second quality of the pre-
ceding.. The injuriado bueno is of good
quality, but the leaves are damaged and
they are put together. with large and
healthy leaves of a minor quality. The
injuriado malo is composed of broken to-
bacco independent of quality, and is
called also *"filler" tobacco.
The capadura is obtained thus: After
cutting the stalk on the level with the
ground, it brings forth three or four
shoots, only one of which is left stand-
ing, and which proves to be the best. By
working the ground around it, loosening
the soil with the trowel and mixing
manure with it. and if the soil is dry,
watering it, this laor is amply compen-
sated, as a large quantity of tob cco is
obtained of fine size and quality, and
this second crop is the capadura.
The preceding qualities are subdivided
into eight grades for wrappers or capas,
and seven grades for the fillers, accord-
ing to the. size, quality, elasticity, tex-
ture, color, and perfection in the leaves.
On making the selection, all rotted
leaves, which are generally of those low
on the plant, should be thrown away.
The piles which have been made of each
class are covered with dry banana leave1;
if the tobacco is soft and flexible, but
with green banana leaves if the tobacco
BETUNAR OR BLACKING.
A bench a yard wide and twenty-seven
inches high is made, and on this leaves
from 6ne of the piles are placed, in layers
11 inches thick, which are sprinkled by
means of a brush or sponge slightly
dipped in the belun or liquor, but very
equally and in a small quantity, after
which other layers are added and sprin-
kled, until the pile of one quality is ex-.
hausted. The same process is gone
through with all the piles, the tobacco of
each pile being placed and kept sepa-
rately. Great care should be taken not
to sprinkle too much. for if made too
humid heavy losses may ensue from rot-
ting. After the sprinkling. cover with,
a cloth, Osnaburg or similar quality, so
as to concentrate the aroma of the ber'to
or liquor and that which is emitted from
ihe leaves in the operation.
THE BEiUN LIQUOR.
The leaves of tobacco which have been
rejected are placed in a barrel of water
for several days, and when a fermenta-
tion is effected the liquid is decanted.
The leaves used, though of the most
broken and damaged, should be of the
best quality as to aroma, taste, grain and
burning powers. Some t'eqiieros or
planters prefer to use the stems from
which the leaves for wrappers hare been
taken, considering them preferable to
the leaves. Some chemists have found
these stems to contain a greater quantity
of nitre and other salts than the inferior
and the leaves. Rain water should be
employed in preference.
The' first three days the infusion should
be stirred with a wooden paddle twice a
day, and then -hould remain covered for
four days longer, wheu it taken a wine
color arid is ready for ude. Tne liquid
when ready for use should not be al-
lowed to remain over, for then it would
he apt to deteriorate the quality of the
tobacco. A decoction of wild orange
leaves mixed with the liquid in a pro-
. ~-portion of one third totwo-thirds, betters
the quality of poor tobacco. It should
Sbe employed when the tobacco, owing to
bad weather, has a syrupy appearance.
LIQUOR wIrH VANILLA.
This is made the same as the other,
with the addition of. pieces of vanilla.
The liquor which is used to make the
tobacco burn well, is prepared in the
Same manner as the former, with only
S-- the addition of a spoonful of nitre to
Each bottle of the liquid.
HEADING AND HANDING. the Pesinsula, laid his plans at the start,
To head or cabezear, is to place the put fromten ten to fifteen men at work;
stretched leaves together, one by one, by has cleared three acres of hammock
the head or central vein of the leaf. A land, has raised one-half acre of marsh
certain number of leaves placed together land two feet, by digging ditches and
is called a gavilla. A gavilla of injuria- filling those ditches with timber, pal-
do bueno or malo, is formed of forty metto roots and other trash that he took
leaves, and of the superior or choice qual- from the upland, then by digging alter-
ity termed desechito or libra, twenty-five nate ditches covered up the trash, and
leaves are usual. Four gavillos of the thereby raised the whole surface. He has
same class, tied together by a strip of now covered the surface with three
majagua or other- textile, cut ribbon inches of sand, to.be incorporated with
shaped, makes a manojo or hand. The the clay of the marsh.
gavillos are tied together by a leaf of the
tobacco. When this operation is per- Sowing Grass Seed.
formed the tobacco is ready for being We find the following practical sug-
put up in bales, etc. It has been shown gestions in the American Agriculturist:
by experience that 2,000 tobacco plants In sowing grass seed an even stand is
produce a bale of 80 manajos or hands, desirable, and to secure this great care
PREPARATION OF MANURE. is to be taken in the sowing. A very t
A ditch or drain is dug 4 feet wide, 2 good practice is to make the last harrow- i
feet depp, and of length proportionate to ing with great care, evenly, and with
the land intended to be placed in tobacco. the marks all parallel. Then the sower
In this the manure is placed, with all the can follow these marks, first taking the
dried leaves to be found. These are coy- edge of the field and returning six short
ered, and when reduced to powder, are paces distant from the first course.
used for fertilizer, mixed with a little of Then returning on the second course,
the soil which is put around the root of and always sowing with the right hand
the plant when transplanted to the fur- to the left. Six feet for each cast is as
row. Before using the manure it will much as can be taken with light seed, as
be well to cover it seven or eight days orchard grass, blue grass, red top, etc.,
with dried sticks and rubbish and set and as much as should be taken with
fire to these, which will havethe effect timothy, and the quantity of seed taken d
of destroying the insects to be found in may be readily gauged to the width of
the fertilizer. The annual production of the cast.
a stable where two horses are kept is The cast is made with each movement
deemed to be sufficient to fertilize 30,000 of the right foot. When the wind is
plants. blowing, even slightly, the casts should'
planSEED.be made to avoid irregular dropping of
The best seed is obtained by allowing the seed, and when the light seeds are
The best seed is obtained by allowingsown it is easier to walk across the bar-
some of the best plants in the nursery to row marks when the tracks made are
go to seed, and these plants should have easily seen, and as the wind may carry
the same care as plants in a flower gar- the seed to one side, the sower may go
den. This seed should be kept in glass out of the straight track to accommodate
bottles well corked, the wind, and on returning can easily .
I would recommend our farmers to distinguish the footmarks of the previous
apply for their Vuelta Abajo seed, as track in the soft soil.
stated before, to Messrs. Lawton Br8th- A broadcast seeder as a convenient im
ers, No. 85 Mercaderes street, Havana, plement and costs but little, and can be
who are well known to me, and reliable, carried by the sower with ease. It drops
# the seed low, and if the sower goes face
Grass and Stalk Cutters. to face with the wind from the start the
REditor i orda Farmer and Fruit-Grower: seed is not spread unevenly. When, in
In reading your issue of October 5th, spite of all care, an irregular seed-
I noticed Mr. Horne's device for cutting ing is anticipated, it is well to sow half
grass and-vines. If he has not given his the seed one way and cross the sowing
machine a practical test, I think it will the other way,when vacant places may be
fail. Where the grass and vines are so covered. The sowing should be done as
thick and high as to necessitate the use soon as .the first harrowing is finished,
of other implements than the plow in when the seed sinks in the loose soil or is
turning under, his horizontal cutter bar covered by the first shower.
of four feet, will not, with all the weight *
he can apply to it, cut through a heavy Bermuda and Crab-Grass Hay.
coat of crab or crow foot grass, and According to proximate chemical an-
would go over corn stalks every time, alysis Bermuda hay is worth about one-
even on solid ground, certainly on the fifth more than crab-grass hay. The
soft. sindy soil of Florida. The cutting following are abridged analyses of the
being done by pressure alone, and the two "
entire length of the bar coming instant B,iii.1",l Hy Cri,b G. Ha-7
neously in contact with the mass o F t......................... .1 ..... ..........: t'
grass, weeds or stalks, 5ojp can imagine Nir:.ge- fri extract...'.."0 ......... .......;..
the tons of weight necessary to cut I'f,. hbe....... .. i ..... .. ....
through. Ni.rr', : rt.. ....... 1:4. .......... I:i.7
In Ohio I used an Avery stalk cutter Value per ton of dryI ---.
for preparing the large, luxuriant substance, J 17.62 14.45.
growth of corn stalks, both green and The analyses show that Bermuda, hay.
dry, for plowing in. It proved a splen- exceeds crab-grass hay both in albumi-
did machine when the conditions were noida and nitrogen free extract, while
all favorable, doingsatisfactory work. the latter has more fat. The compara-
The device is mounted on two wheels, tire digestibility of the corresponding
with lever for raising or lowering the proximate constituents of the two grsses
-cutting apparatus, which consists of hbs not been determined.-Southern Cul-
spiral steel cutting bdrs,: fastened. by tivator.
bolts to strong iron arms. The advan- ,
tage of the spiral bar is that the whole Florida Tobacco.
length of the bar is at no time on the QIN ,Fla., October Tobacco
ground, and it gives a lateral as well as Fourla., huctober-Tod accof news
downward cut. There is a platform for improvetr. Four thowan d areas to a snd,
ballast, in case the driver's weight is not wi.betrich has an option of 6weekIoi. more
sufficient to do the work well. Yet I .. thiw hi h.a A ortir ofal ot. h
element on our friable lands. The highest price was thirty-five cents
Hesitate even to suggest to such an er oun A ex^ r from SU.
experienced and successful farmer as per pound. has sold extra cop fron r
Mr. Horne, especially to one whose com- matra seed. has sold for fifty crisper
munications I so profitably read, yet lie Pousns w l ne erected.
will pardon me for asking if he ever houses will e erected.
tried the harrow before the plow, lean-
ing, if not smoothing down the grass or Measuring Corn In the Crib.
weeds? Then follow in the same direc- Many rules are given by which the
tion with a good rolling cutter properly number of bushels of corn in;a crib may
attached to the plow beam, which will be ascertained. But these are more or
cut your tra.h j-ist the width of your less untrustworthy from the fact that
share, so it may be easily covered in. If they assumethat two bushels of corn on
this fails, hang on the beam, just ahead the ear are equal to one of shelled corn;
of the plow standard,. that condemned whereas, in point of fact some corn will
drag. chain.' Be sure and have it heavy not make it, while some will more han do
enough to bend every weed, long enough so. These rules, however, often serve a
to reach back in the previous furrow, so convemenie purpose, affording a fairly
it will not disturb the sod or drag the reasonable estimate, a much closer one
grass that is being turned. tlan may be bad from mere measitrement
W. C. PLYLEY. of the eye. Following are a few such
ORANOE HiOHiS. Alachna.Co,, rules, any one of which may be employed
Oct. 1. 1. .18h. as an approximate estimate; the first is
S most generally used:
SUB-IRRIGATION. 1. Measure the length, breadth and
height of the crih, inside the rail; multi-
ply these together and divide by two.
More Experiments in Progress The result is the number of bushels of
in Volusia County. shelled corn.
A correspondent cif the Palatka News. 2. Level the corn so it is of equal depth
w correspondent omf the Palatn a Nea. throughout. Multiply the length, breadth
writing from Oromond-on-the-Halifax, and depth together, and this product by
under date of October 5th. touches on f.:,ur, and cut off one of the figures to the
some matters of agricultural interest, right of the product. The remaining fig-
He say-s: ures will represent the number of bushels
Mr. U. J. White is going into the sub- of shelled corn.
irrigation garden business quite exten- 3. Multiply length by height and then
nively. Under the management of Mr. by width, add two ciphers to the result,
James Vining, of this place, he is prepar- and divide hd 12-4. This gives the reuin-
ing from one to four acres, near the de- ber f bushels of ears. Another rule Is
pot. and he has secured the services of to proceed as above to obtain the cubic
Mr. C'. F. Tiffany., of San Mateo. to con- feet, and then assume that one and one-
duct the same scheme near the Y at Day- fifth cubic feet make one bushel of ears of
tona. We understand he is using the corn.
system introduced by Mr. Marsh, of .4. Multiply length by breadth, and the
Silver Beach, opposite Daytona, and if product by the height, all in inches;
Mr. White succeeds in raising one-half divide this ly 2,748t, and the quotient will
the amount of garden truck to the same be the number of bushels fears. From
proportion of ground that. Mr. Marsh has. two-thirds to one half of this will he the
on tile kind of land that he tMr. White number of bushels of shelled corn, de-
is clearing ilatwoods), he will demon- pending on the kind and quality.
state the fact that Florida is capable of
supporting about one-half the popula-
tion of the United Sates, andi thereby FRUIT TREES AND PLANTS
boil down the intensive system and cut ALL si or cBOiE VRIEIE?.
off one more cipher from the size that F.-.r free catalogue dddres
farms used to be, namely, from forty TEXAS HILL NURSERIES.
acres to four acres. I see no reason why CBARLES KELLER, Montr.eUo, Fla.
Mr. White should not succeed; he cer-
tainly has two good men to conduct his UFOR R E A D
enterprise. U E THE FtB
Mr. Wm. A. Corre is a man after our P n MPROVED C uNED AR DDMs
own heart, in one respect at least; he be- w.c.,t, nr.rBr.|r D .C' a ri .. mEs or Oa.
lie ses in "system." About seven months luirramm. [Lrl .lD[B, ,mTlDlaD c 1...,ltl. All
ago he came to Ormond, purchased-two s; ,drtrir o,' ,
hundred feet front of Mr. J. D. Price on g53' fruadw.,Newsrk. Mewon udap5pr.
800,000 Orange, Lemon aiil ,arir are-r:V, .:.f
the citrus family and c.i ier fri ~,ra,..i c.. tiis
climate. Stock in the best of condition for large
orders. Correspondence solicited. No charge
for packing and.shipping. Catalogue free.
A. J. BEACH & SON,
A tenant who understands the rearing and
shipment of garden truck and fruit, to cultivate
a large farm and orange groves on shares. Best
of hammock land and an annual product of
about 100,000 oranges A man With two or three
boys large enough and not afraid to work can
hear of a rare chance by application to the un-
lersigned, at Manatee, Fla.
References required. J. H. VISER.
}enuall Wasiigton ana Doubille mrial Navels.
Order Now if you wish to be in time.
We offer for Fall and Winter Delivery a choice
lot of GENUINE WASHINGTON NAVELS,
Also, the VILLA FRANCA, best and hardiest of
Lemons. Also, Early Spanish, Jaffa, Majorca,
talta Oval, and nearly all varieties of Orange,
Lemon and Lime. We also offer for the
first time to Florida orange growers the
DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL,
Most Prolilc Navel known, and the \
ATWOOD'S SEEDLESS NAVEL.
KEDNEY & CAREY.
Winter Park, Orange County, Fla
Suited to the Soil and Climate of
Grown and for Sale at
AN LTUI ANDANDALUIA
Near TALLAHASSEE, Fla..
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Snud f.:,r Catal,:,iue and order early Send, also,
if.or Price Lis ,of"
BIDWELL', EARLY. BIDWELL'S LATE
an-i N.-,. 7. u-,' r.,,rn'1 pe- r lj e, ice rage e,
ri,ernirjn fromI Miv 10it. t.:.t 7II l-.r. rhenD Bid-
weil', IMPR'OVED PEEN.-ITO, N:i',. ;; fl., but
ll khs r and [hbiker irn:, n ten, to l.:ii,:,in tun itt
In Qualily Not Excelled by Any
wth not a pirrice, at anyi stage :.f ripe-,irng,
"i tlit.t ltI er i:o t ..,ie: ,:' : n til, P, [.n
Ritens wait Bilw.li' EarI7.
Tue-e arc all n e.i inr i .:. rie P, n-t,.,, a. de-
ei'nltat n,':-,,,n bt i:t hit fruit [ l,1'ini I.y A >:h =-
son in ItH HazarJil akh l-ian,-,in Ai haihisLar,;
a form iwiLh jdif :rent .ba-,e from tSint if 4me
almondl, ,inr.g Irger ani lialter." "The whole
.rutni r-ieni'llse what one might ,:,-irer a wdd
form If [ne pen'h, .A nIarly evergre.nr t'ohia;e."
A m I win irn trseare manu fpurroui iLrers
L.eLng Ioffrevi, I w.,ald iveC a wr.;id of cautr..r to
th- planter. Mr. Bidueu nn originarel the;.e
s'-e-e ; ,uiir ic ti e ha grown tr.,', buds 6ut
fronim aiii; ,arng tree., most of t iem by ius
Addrei; all lettEr. for nt.r rni.ati;o o trei s, to
rite. a on aouirt or III heaiith he nas eis en irme
ui- boi-rn,e c(,nne., teil w;ih the ale oi h.s trees.
CII- Office and Packing Groun.dJ, Main s-e
P. 0. Box 121, Orlando, Fla.
MUSIC HOUSE OF FLORIDA.
A. B. Campbell,
W-bier Piar,,., Haiines P an., Vo.e Pianos,
born-r PParn,:., Clouih & Warren Organs,
Wi c.x & Whitl e Oirgn-D, Pelouter Standard
I wdt ,lIi anri deliver ar y,)iir nearest nation
For less money than any other house in the
United States. I will. bhpa Piano or Organ to
anv ho.ne-t man or worinan on ritl, .nd if not
oati',fctatry, I widl pay ire.ght boh wavs. t$'
fahb ind 'lua nconih ,:n a Piano, and 410 eash
anrd w, a ruonth o'n an Organ till paid for-niot
murb more than an ordinary renr. On the.e
very iLc-eral terms anyone can own an instru-
nient. -end for FREf CATALOGUE contain-
ing full information. Sheet Music, Strings,
Vioiina, Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons, and, In
fact, every musical instrument that is made,
and at very low prices. Send for complete Cat-
lognes. ti have 20,000 pieces of Choice Music
at I10 cents per copy.
A. B. CAMPBELL,
We are now prepared to furnish
FRESH TURNIP AND .CABBAGE SEEDS.
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.
Catalogue sent free on application.
FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
Kelsey Jaian PIlms, Olive Troes, Orangs, Pigs, L-Lmons, Pecans, -
By the dozen, hundred or thousand, also a iull so.pply of other Nur'ery to,: k adapid to
Florida and the Gulf States. Am now bo:ok rij orders f'or Fal ,Id-iiery season
of 1887-8.. -Write for Prices. i.'tjl.:.u.- Ire on application.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES, G. L. Taber, PriD.. Gleni S1. Mary, ria
THUE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
Are in readiness to Mail FREE, on application,
A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST
to any address. Communicate with E. H. TISON, Manager, Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla.
size IOO eon Lake Kingsley. Clay Co.. only 810. A
T,'i reel in LAKE. VIW, choice 5-acre Iract for an ORANGE
GROVE eosl bInl 8100.
Higi rolling Prie Lranls. Salilbnous Cl imater, a good invest-
eriet. Send *"-e.:nt tanip for Maps, o...r remit P. 0. Order ,or
Bank Drit t.:, JO: HN r. rALBOTT, au,:i (,t Warrnrty Deed, T tle 1LOR IDAi
perie't., urii the
TROPICAL TLA.ITID COOVPANTY,
P. O. Box 1.5_.Jacksonville. Florila. 39 1'. Bay St.
New York, Charleston and Florida
Thb elea:srit st'inirs ,f tnhi-e lines are appointed to sail
FROM JACKSONVILLE. EVERY THURSDAY
FROM FERNANDINA. .-.- -. EVERY SUNDAY
S.teamrs are apBnte.l t. sai fr.:inm P,:r ', E. R. N, Nw Y.:rk., vrrF IiE, T .iand FRIDAY
at 3 p. n Tie--lav es8hi|', for Fernaidiiia aril FrlJa 's sclhps f,:,r Jui,.k.s:.r, li-.
AThe Freight arn, Passenger a1,.aoaimo'dati.:.ne by this L .ne are unsurp,sedl. Every artennicn
w.i[ t,- ,r. n rinaian,-s ean-u';td t.:. the Li.n. Drect .alh shipment ir.-um New York v' ii LYDE'S
FLORIiA LINE, Pier.', East Rrver. F..,r further ir, formaiton appl 10to
J.. ATEAD. A,'t, F. M. IRONMONGER, Jp., G. F. &. P. A. J A. LESLIE, Ag't,
Feraandnau, Fin. Jakcnrdle, FIs. m8 W. Bay St.. .la:konvillf-, F'La.
THREO. G Et..ER,Traffic Man.ger. WM. P. CLYDE &A CO. Gen. Ag'ls.
3:. BroaldwTi, N. Y. I' .:.. Wharves. Puda., Pa., Broadwily New York
P. F. WITSO2NS,
Choice Field and Garden Seeds,
And also carries a full line of Agricultural Im-
plements. Catalogues free on application.
Job pri jtiq
TO THE TIMES-UNION JOB OFFICE,
CONNELLY & DUNNE, Lessees.
GUIDE TO FIG CULTURE.
Tells how to grow and prepare the Fig, and describes our new fig-
Only enuine "Fig of Commerce," and the.finest Ol in the w:.rid. Also, Trop,l Dand New F
and the finest stock of NUTS in the country. A-.lrv~. with mSt i .
L LOR IDD A ElRTICI ULTU RAL 0M PANY,
Cutler, Dadi C.iinry. Fia.
Nurseries of the Mlilwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DUNEDIN, HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, FLORIDA.
We make a specialty of the distinctive varieties of Citrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
ln rr,ral, Brlrerenie- 1,1n, ers.l-nallt BCrler.] b- a in,,.-ruber of :.Lir C ,inp ,inr I Ciauiorula', and
W aciinr.i.:n Nnv li, Mrtltese Bioo Har['i T.irdii'. ED R. ..ai. ifiti t, trk'%..ee.le,_, rungerime
cEC,. In Lenirn.n, "e h,re '- Ilii Fr.i',:a, Helar Pl-:a'e lri l .:,[Go,G r, nied Eii A-kr Lt ioTaihlti
Li res, Pea.-c' h Bl"-3:.'e ElArl V, rI'.E, I., Pl11,t,., %T11li- A.eriaric Fa .., ih:., 0-I.
"Our '1"..:k I rC- rl"l ..r.ni,,ile[i, t[hrl',i il'l> leiu. Cainilogue free on appleallion.
S.1. ,-s, A. L. DUNL AN. Manager, DEInedin, 'E Ia
CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.,
JTOA0 SO\T'fVTI.I EI-, LA,
PRODUCE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
DEALERS IN GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRWUT GR(WER, OCTOBER 26,1887.
The Florifa Farmer WifFruit PGrower cargoes of oranges have arrived from Florida. I get my papei every Friday,
IflG_ Ha Ithe Mediterranean and two others have and say it will be a week before I will
m in nexectedly from h W r get another, and 1 wish Friday would
A. .CURTISS. Editor. come unexpectedly from the West come at least two or three times- a
Indies. What then? A commission week.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts. merchant of Hartford, Connecticut, tells Our correspondent's suggestion .is an
us that when the New York market has excellent one, and presuming that many
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT been glutted he has received consign- subscribers will act upon it, we _hall
GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra,
ted week newlspaper,'devoted to the Farm, ments of oranges from various houses in provide an extra number of :the present
Grden, Orchard and Household Economy
d tothepro ind o that city, and as the Hartford market issue. To any ono who will make faith-
=n to he prmotion of the agricultural and
industrial InterestsofFlorlda. ItIspublished was overstocked also, he could do no ful use of them, we will send five, ten or
every Wednesday. better than ship the fruit back to New fifteen copies as desired. We beg to re-
Terms of Subscription..
For one year........... ........$ 2.00 York to be sold at auction, mind our friends that by aiding our pa-
Forsix months 100address................. It must be considered that the refrig- per they will aid themselves, fof its
Clubs of five to one address-........-...-...7.50 -
With daIly TIMES-UNION one year....-11.00 eration of the fruit will involve extra ex- corps of contributors will increase with
With daily TIMES-UNIOY$, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year........ 2.75 pense to the producer, who therefore, its circulation, and in like porportion the
fl-Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad- cannot so, well afford, as heretofore, to paper will be improved in other particu-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date o take the chances of an uncertain market. lars. Besides, any one can obtain the
the printed label with which the papers are Evidently some measures must be taken paper for himself for a year or for six
addressed is" the date to which the subscrip-
tion is paid and is equivalent to a receipt for to fortify the producers against.these un- months-or the equivalent in money-
chpayment to that g m date; if the date s not certainties. What can be done? We by obtaining four new subscribers for a
changed immediately after a new payment
the subscriber will please notify us at once. can think of no feasible plan except corresponding period:
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub- that advocated by Dr. Cushing in pre. A nurseryman who recently made a
Jects pertaining to the-topics dealt with in
thispaper. Writersmayaffixsuchsignatures vious issues, and by Mr. Elanchard on tour of the central counties, writes that
to their articles as they may choose, hutmust
I'rnl.h in- editor n-wit iheiir uil n'ime andi this page. Our able contributor, Mr. he found the FARMER AND FRUIT .GROW-
rodl'lres, not orpublhiati-n out a. r,-gUaranit, L.H. Armstrone in a letter received ER very popular wherever he went, and
not h- returu-d some time ago, wrote as follows: Dr. that there will be a great increase min its
ADVERTISEtENr inrtd to a limited Ci'shing proposes the only plan, I think, circulation as soon as the orange growers
extent Rartts l'iurnis1eti o aO;pp~l,- soonpooelnyas3ernerui
REMNITTAN"CE' should r,i mnide by Check, that can b3 successful, that is, to have begin to get returns for their crops.
Poital Note Mtoney Ordr. or Register-l cold storage at Boston, New York, Phil- We appreciate the stringency of the
Leiter, to or r of
FLORtDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, ade Iphia. Cincinnati. St. Louis and Clii- times and value the good will of non-
Jack-son-lille Fltr ,*
Jakson.lie F cage. I think the fruit can b got to subscribers, but we think no one can af-
TABLE OF CONTENTS. those places better in the winter, and ford to be without the paper, when for
then be stored and distributed as wanted 50 cents he .-an have it for three
Fiyi Pntr.-N,,rembrCahnilar; Animal Par- in the spring and early summer, than to month.s.
,',t:S: Wantel, 't:ie Lre St..k; ailt 'i:k: ...remain in Jacksonvil e an.d run the --T GO A E
AD^-aoa=;Mn,:m.iuiremlainlJ~~a-lea*l*n' MARKETING THE ORANGES.
Angora Goat.:; Manegn.-ent oftiv. gaunt let of a week of railroad or steamer i-EN T NG .
SEt,'-'n P..,iE.-A New- D.-:l ritr-; C-,Id ri'r- r .
a.-ein Caidornit. How Tre.:- nre A-limnnt-.i: transit in the hot reason. Thedistances Let Us Have Cold Storage
M.ithils wirti Ar'l,.:r --rr: rru..k Farn'i--' within .3)l or 41.iiii miles from those great Houses in the North.
rir,.e;: FIov-:r.ng Plant; i..r Wnier. distributing centr-es can be reached in a E -',,r g,.r,,'ta Fu,'rer mid .F uIe it., 'o,,,er.,
TaRDa PA.iE-ob it,.-- I in 11t1,1 Grn-s and St.ik day or two in all directions." You icquest an expression of opinion
t-iitt:'r-; Srb.tIrrirli-on; owti: u : rs .:-cii; Thins idea is gaining ground rapidly we in reference to marketing the present
Br,-,.uda an-i Crab GrisI HaR.T, th ink. and we presume it. enteis into crop of oranges. You alsosuggest an or-
ForBTs Pao,--Cold S.r-,ae: .k Po,.ti-, Er.. plan now on fot. whether it gauizatiun of all the orange growers of
Dawnin-; An Aiitrctir,v, ,ii-.:mrler: Mr- Florida, through which Florida's crop
k-htart the Orannge.t-; An;,r.i r,:, i:,-.rr,-p..n- would be more or leis expensive to may he controlled and marketed, if I
,isn'; For Print:pl .r i:.r P-:.i,,-v: Tw-u. .s- store the fruit in the North we do not rightly understand ou. I hardly think
t.'ni; Pr..-r-: -:.-it,[rgniizar,.:.n know. Much less ,refrigeration would it piacticable to market all the crop, or
FLI-s PAm-'.)tI utCiri. A.nwer- .h be required therp, but then there would anay considerable part of it, through any
-.,rrPrini--.rt.r: he,: Faint.1 Friend: toiir eei to fo ra s ther wlone organization or even several, with
,-ng F .kletre; r;ae Fanid x a ed to e appliances for raising the Jacksonville or any other city as the
it Po-R.,', ia Horses: ('tt ..- temperature at times. But the great centre for all shipments and sales.
Teats; Feedng M1d,:h Cw:, "Ths Wr,0ol Atrt point to be gained is the ability to place Your Newark correspondent suggests
what. seems to me the best plan-cold
o: Barter Making. Rrk Cr.-m.: eep the fruit on the market when there is de- storage in several of the large cities of
-,:urtli Ame-ri.a; atiout Feehllog HR ;-I 01-ti mand for it and fair prices can be obtain- the East and West, to scatter the fruit
Breeds vs. thie New; Dulcks andiGeee; HIumt, -ed. conditions which cannot be expected, and prevent a glut in the market at any
ro) P--Itti-v Eceie-nrs: A Quteen BeeF Tr-ap. l in rir If n iill jn rnnQ in
toNt PaFridtrcKeFarper-rs; A Qeli, B iDr rap. except by chance, in shipping from a one point. If individuals or companies
SVEnRTH Paesd-Fart Miealny t i point for immediate sale. Under who cau control the capital todo it with,
Fn al a ing. dtant point for would establish such houses, and receive
Eica-a PAos-Stiae New; in Bnef; A -ihthis system we cannot t-ut think the and hold fruit until owners might call
Fl.-.rrida onnie; D-S,:t.:. C',:.-iUt; O,.-L.-,er orange market can be, placed on a sub- it out, for a certain sum per box, as is
Weather; Maiicit Repi..t-i stantial basis, and that good prices can done in California, the plan might be
*ez pv d e t- n ce ,profitable to all parties concerned. The
COLD STORAGE. be realized, proved the extra expenses fruit could then be held in good condi-
___ are not too great This and other ques- [ion uutil such a time as the demand
(-,-niderable space is devoted in this tions ought to be definitely settled next would insuregood prices, and the market
issue to a topic which promises to be of winter and spring. The town of Waldo need not be crowded as it has be- b9 .2
... auction sales and random shipmehn's.
absorbing interest among the orange does itself honor in initiating this Of course, among so many large and
growers during the coming season oif rmov'ement, and we shall watch with small growers, many will go on the old
shipment. Various articles relating eto much interest the progress of theexperi. hap-hazard plan, and much unripe and
shimen. ariusartcle rlatngpoorly packed fruit will be thrown ont
the experiences of the Californians with ruent the market, and good fruit be affected
cold storage have appeared in this jour A POETIC ERA DAWNING. in price by the glut. As your corres-
nal heretofore. One will be found on the pondent stated, supply and demand, and
not, organization of growers, will control
second page of the present issue, and "Next week"--In issue of October 24th the prices. Astoconmmission men, they
next week another will be published -weare notified that the Dispiitch will areas reliable as other business men,
giving a pretty full history of the devel- "drop intopoetry." If, at the same time when established upon a pioper basis.
opmneutofCalifornia'e truit industry.The it drops out of doggerel, it cannot be All such are reported in a directory with
other c-lasses doing business requiring a
people of that State think they have otherwise tian a oimpro'ement, even if commercial standing.
placed that industry on a stable basis by the "poetry" te no better than Martin To sum up. either cold storage or some
cu-operative shipment and refrigeration. Tupper's. But be cautious, brother edi.- plan for keeping oranges several weeks
For that reason we have urged the same tor, when you daily with the muse. You or months in perfect condition, must be
'adopted. At present cold storage seems
remedies for existing evils'in this State. observe. "ft is needless to say to those the best. Fruit must be well matured,
As to co-operative organization among who read us that she don't inspire." in good condition, and well and neatly, ,
the orange growers we have not much That may be very true up to date, but wrapped and packed, to command a
hope. The Fruit Growers' Association, she may inspire if you once favor her ad- asgood price, whatever the plan adopted.
~- It has seemed to me that there should, t
if it now ,x;sted, would undoubtedly vancts. We admonish you to follow n(tc- be such a wide difference between,-a
take the matter in hadd and effect such the example of the FARMER AND FRITr- rusty and bright fruit, for certainly the
a union of the orange growers as would GROWER, and let her thoroughly alone, former is equal in flavor and delicious
control three-fourths of the crop. The So great a philosopher as Silas Wegg Bsweetne wit anny termed better grades.
Beside, it cannot I e counterfeited by any
Fruit Growers' Association was a grand has told us that poetry is weakening to foreign variety. but all dealers can say 0
organization and if certain blighting in- the mind. Undoubtedly it is except to to purchasers, this i.i certainly a Flor-
fluences could have been removed a dozen giant intellects. When itcomes to mix- ida orange, for only in Florida door-
years ago, it would now be flourishing ing poetry with farm topics we think it In this section the high pine groves
like a green bay tree and spreading its is weakening to both. If we were to are bearing lightly. Some groves are
branchesover all the land. As it is, the receive anything as good as Tennyson's almost without oranges.
Association, to all intents and purposes, Idyl or Homer's Illiad we would publish J, Le A. BLANC A.RD. 0
has ceased toexist and it is probable that it on an extra sheet. MALLA, Lke Co., ept. .
half of those who were members hardly -- '--- Anwr t In iri '
remember the fact. AN APPRECIATIVE SUBSCRIBER. Answers to Inquiries. i
remeT. B. asks for the address of the writer,
Setting aside the idea of united action sbcie a n of the article in the FARMER AND FRUIT- .
on some certain policy, we now see the A ubcber at aton, arion coun- GROWER of July 27th, entitled "Fruits
question assuming quite a matter of fact, ty, wilho offered through our columns 25 of the Antipodes," and wishesto know'.R
mercantile aspect. The plan now is cents apiece for five numbers of the where Spanish peanuts may be obtained.
mercantile aspect. The plan now Is0FARMeR AN- -FRUITOGROWER, has re- Asto the subject of the article, address' (
establish cold storage warehouses atH cived an oe ofth.amRom,. B. Berger & Co.. 315 and 317 Wash-'"
centres of production. In these the fruiit ceived an oer ofhe same from a sub- ington street. San Francisco, Cal. For i
of a neighborhood may be deposited, criber in Misisisppi. He writes us a thb peanuts apply to any Florida seeds-'
cooled down to a temperature wich letter expressing his satisfaction ad 'man (see outr advertising columnsB and
cooled down to a temperature which dds: ask him to obtain them for you if he has (
paralyzes all germs of decay, and pro- I was about writing to you to offer them nor tin stock.,W
tected from all the fluctuations of- ex- cents-apiece for them, as I was deter- J. R. C. wishes to know' bhow. he may t
ternal temperature. The-fruit may be mined to.havethem if I had-to give one obtain the agency for.Armours fertil-
kept in storage -awaiting a favorable dollar each. I wish you would send me izes. Address Armour & Co., Jackson-
"ime for marketing, o-it may be ship- about, a dozen copies of the FARMER ND.'ilk Fla.
p.d .i. .r FRUIT GROw-ER, as I shall leave here for C. G. asks where he can buy Persian-
sfi intly -- r ,- "-some rime, and wish to get all the sub- insect powder (pyrethrum or buhachi,
suticiently cooled. -" : scribers I can before I-leave.- I have got and if the LeConre pear has fruited well t
P"p to this point the fruit seems to be three for you, and think I could get. a in Florida. A. P. Fries & Co., of Jack- l
capable &f control. 'It' can reach the dozen more if I had a few extra copies, sonville, will send it- by mail postpaid
--r.-. .- _... "..--. -. ...a.. -'I am very anxious to have your paper for si-x. cents per ounce. We presume it
centres of distribution in bulk at widely read, asa think it is what .every is kept by most druggists. It ought to 'E
temperature perhaps.or4Odegrees. But farmer should read, and not only the be, for it is a very useful article. A I
#hen actnaJly.-placed bn the market, farmers, bueie~r.ybody. -I should think spoonful of it sprinkled on coals or a baot '
what methods are to be pursued? Sup- every subscriber would try to get his iron in a closed room will .exterminate.tt
'-s e the a -...-.to --. i ta l friends to takeit,.andifeverysubsdriber, such insects.-as mosquitoes. Used. in-
rose ten mareea -wnwcu a train oald ry, each other ways, also, it is a valuable insect ]
car load is-shijped is.glutted at the time could get'ar few,-I- am certain, as- it Ais cide._ .. _.' ". (
df'its arri'v&l' contingency hardly to be the easiest paper I _-e.r..ried to get- sub- The LdConte pear has fruited well -in.r r
%ardedaain- .ac.int without a 'hn.....h scribers fo'.. Itis'almost.hbb trouble, for Florida, and has- given much satihfac-
giard.ag. ms, w.h- -' thoou. the l'-per"peaes-for~i~self- '2 tiba. Th.ereai';.a]ready mai.ny orchards *
Ojtanization orco-operative tnion of the I wou d call 'the-tctei of 1 ris b ib- which pay handsomely.
slippeis. Suippose-itt re a tNortehr ert thtI-frt,foritt secessiry t----- =. *., .
.- arket j th as- -he metc.ry . p'p'inA; r-gohe~epple'.Sdridag, to|jwona.to 'prfb'- --Kretschfmar &.Coirey.:at :'Quincy,.'
.. .. .. "o .i -.'ja ,',al h..i'lf ducewbat.tehey consume; ana.the'soocier have cdntrict'ea4foirl00 togacpp boxes in,',
ofsight-'-an.d ao- an'-ivottld -y3cake.0a p^aperathbac,& goctes it. the which to pack the tobacco they areo ,
..Pta'ken : -g._.ft.:--Sipp. ..T.Ki. !beter.sIhIn^ro -excellent-prohiaimg.--ttis likely they will need
load reaches ,New York just after two, and that it will' be a gi-eat blessing to at least 600 boxes. --" -. ,.!-.-:
IN UNION TRERE i SRFNuTOIH.
SFOR PRINCIPLE OR FOR POLICY.
There are persons 'o nark.-w of soul
that considerations of principle or patri-
btism are foreign to their natures, and
if any one claims to act' from such mo-
'tives they sneer at it as hypocritical
cant. Such persons never sign a sub.
scription list unless it is to I.,e published
in the newspaper; if they join a church.
it is likely to be the one that promises
to bringthem. most business customers;
,if.they seek membership in a society or
association, it is for the sake of obtain-
ing preferment and patronage.- If they
make any profession of friendship or
fraternity outside of the home circle, it
is because they have an axe to grind.
In writing to prominent members of
the new co-operative organizations we
have urged the necessity of circum-
spection in the choice of leaders, for if
they be not actuated by the right mo-
tives Ihey will pretty surely run the ship
ashore. We know by letters and by con-
versation that intelligent people are very
doubtful of the success of these move-
ments because of the great danger of
their falling under the control of those
whose sole object will be to advance
their personal interests. Twenty years
"ago the Grange was hecomingas popular
among the fAirmers of the North and
West as the Alliance is now becoming
at the South. But it fell at once under the
control of politicians, who aped the seiin-
timents of farmers, in order that. the
lattermight boost them into office. The
results are known.
Of late a new organization -has been
started in the North, which is known as
the Nalional Grange or Patrons of Hus-
bandry. Profiting by the experience of
the first Grange this is being built up on
a more lasting basis, and it has spread
widely, even to California, and to Texas
itself, the home of the Alliance,uas well
as to foreign countries. It is unfortu-
nate that there is not more complete har-
mony of sentiment and action between
all of the societies that are working for
the one grand purpose of mutual protec-
tion and advancement. "A house di
vided against itself cannot stand," and
if there be division an.] jealousy between
these rural organizations in a single
,State; no great results can be accom-
plished. Such division is accepted by
the professional and mercantile classes
of cities as confirmation of their belief
that "farmers cannot co-operate' If this
be a fact, it is because the majority of
farmers do not read enough to enable
them to appreciate the attitude toward
them of the world of uon-producers.
The latter do read an l co-operate most
effectively, and are continually building
themselves up at the ezoense of the
prod uci ng classes.
Having realized from the first the
dangers that lie in the way of the co-
operative movement in Florida, we
have announced repeatedly that we
would not pledge our support to any
particular organization, only to the gen-
eral. principles of co-operation. Before
any organization, to our knowledge,
was planned in this State, we advo-
fated those principles and urged the
formation of local, county and State co-
operative associations. We urged a
union of farmers. When, therefore,
tbe farmers of central Florida began
the organization of "-Farmers Union"
clubs, we determined to devote a certain
'pace to their service. As a heading of
that department we adopted the title of
the new organization, because it ex-
pressed perfectly the principle we upheld
but we declared in print and by letter that
our paper could not, under any circum-
stances, become the "organ"jof' that or
mny other' organization whatever. In
Our issue of September 28th we sai-':
"We presume there are fifty journals
n this' State which will seek', to
become recognized official'organs. We
encourage their recognition as such. It
vill. render them public advocates of
the movement and effective workers."
When we adopted "Farmers' Union"
or a head-line we expected that the or-
ganization so named would soon unite
-with the 'Alliance, but we were not
hen aware that the latter organization
iad obtainedhany representation in this
State. When- we found that it was
already well established in the north-
vestetn counties, we hoped it would
neet the Union at Gainesville and tbat
the two 'would there join their forces. -
Not wishing to do anything that might
?ncourage a factious sentinient, wre'
bought best to discard the name of any.
clubs inthe State adopt that title Our
aim is to co-operate with all such clubs,
and we would do nothing that. might
indicate a partiality for either wing of
this noble organization.
Early in September .the editor of the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER was notified
that his name was proposed for a promi-
nent official position in their State organ-
ization. Acknowledging with 'thanks
this tok, n of appreciation, h- declined
to allow his name used in such connec-
tion, at the same time expressing the
opinion that no. one whose interests were
centered mainly in a professional or
mercantile pursuit should be- regain ded
as eligible to official positions. If, after
all we have done for the popularization
of this movement we had sought or ac-
cepted such :position, the public would
have been ju-4tified in the suspicion that
we had worked from policy rather than
principle. If we had given this move-
ment no support until 7fttr we had
sought and obtained' an official position.
then all would declare that our motives
were purely selfish and mercenary. As
it is. we hare much satisfaction in
knowing that no word of ours can have
given any one reason to think that our
course has been influenced in the least
bLy considerations of policy. Those who
rush in at the eleventh hour may make
the most noise for a while, but most
persons knowv how to value eleventh
hour friendship and friendship for a
Co-Operation vs. Joint Stock
The objects of joint stock enterprises
aie to make all the money possible. re-
gardless of oppression. For instance:
A, Band Centerinto a milling company .
Their efforts will naturally he to buy
wheat as low as possible and sell their
products as high as possible, and thereby
accumulate all the profit possible for
them to do.
Co operation has a different object in
view, and that object should be the
aiding of all mankind as much as posi-
ble. and not to degrade one man or set of
men and build up another, but to assist
all honest toilers in all honest pursuits.
For instance: A, B and C organize a co-
operative mill. and the object of that
company should not be ito buy wheat at
the lowest rate possib e, for that would
be to oppress the wheat-grower, nor
would it be to raise the price of flour, for
that. would oppress the consumer, nor
would it be to pay the highest price for
wheat and sell flour at the lowest price,
for that would be to the detriment.
of the enterprise and work a hardship on
A, B and C, the company itself.
Now suppose wheat when manufac-
tured into flour is worth .$1.50; then
say that. 50 cents will pay running ex-
penses, keep up the plant and leave a
reasonable dividend to the enterprise.
Then we wruld have left $1 for our
wheat, or in other words the farmer
would have $1-ti for his wheat. Now,
says the farmer and the company, "'that
is all right ;" the farmer has a good price
for his wheat and the co-operation
have a reasonable dividend for the labor
and investment. But, I hear someone
say away over here on the left. that is
not right. Well, who is he? The con-
sumer. Well. that is a fact; I had for-
gotten him. Well. we must go back and
help him out of his trouble. To do this
it will be to take a small per cent. from
the company's dividend and a small por-
tion from thlie price of the farmer's wheat
and then reduce the price of the flour a
little, and then we have the spirit of co-
operation and not a grinding monopoly
nor a charitable institution.
Wheat is worth $1.50 and it costs L5
cents on every bushel to pay expenses
and keep up the plant. We would have
still left $1 for our wheat or in other
words we could pay $1 for wheat to the
producer, the farmer receiving good
prices for the product of his farm, the
consumer buying the necessaries of life
at a reasonable rate, the co-operation
mill doing a paying business; all equally
interested one in the other and happi-
ness and prosperity crowning every ef-
fort without any charity, but each party
receiving hi4 just earnings and obtaining
a living by the sweat of -his face. No
charity, no obligations, one to another,
all pay for what he gets' and all get full
pay for. ourlabor, aill depending one upon
the other, all doing good one to the other
and all receiving full wages for our ser-
Now, this is what I consider co-opera-
tion to consist in and nothing more.
-S. A. Rush, in Southern Mercury.
Progress in Organization.
One hundred and thirty-three new
granges have been organized in the
United States this year up to August 1.
This is forty-two more than in all of last
The farmers of Australia are organ-
izing granges. The order is strong in Can-
ada, and a worle's grange, composed of
delegates from the various- national,
granges, may be seen in the future.
Unless the farmers, of this country'
combine for mutual protection andiassert
their rights,-lhe time is comihg,lie%-
they..,wlil have no'rights to.csbeten4. fPr'
except1 that of mere bkistenice. .,- fhe
grange ts the farmers' salvation;-ithbbrds.
o.qtu thpeteacon lighot.of :afet.y-LEctanu
I think that every, grange should have
a press committee who would carefully
report for local and agricultural papers
all meetings of their granges. Surely
when there are discussions, likethose we
have, an account of them would serve to
prove that grange meetings are not al-
ways all forms and ceremonies as some
aver, and that they do not opend long
evenings in foolitbness, as others say.
Granges should certainly try to recom-
mend themselves to the'pubhc in every
legitimate way.-A Rhode Island Pa-
The grange is the most influential and
suce(aStrl organization that farmers
have at present, and the tide sets in the
Direction of more extenrded education for
theagricultural classes. Farmers should
take no back steps, but advance as much
as possible. The agricultural press is
doing a mighty work for the farming
communities. Tihe grange can do some-
thing. The agricultural college and ex-
perimental staikon might do something
in this State as elsewhere if properly
managed. The public confidence in
such institutions should be gained, and
then they would receive such support
and patronage as they deserve -E. C.
Bailey. ClaremontiN. H.iGrange.
The Texas farmers' alliance and the
town ot Burnet, Burnet county. in ihe '
eastern part of the State, have joined
hands in purchasing the celebrated Mar-
ble Falls cotton factory and water power.
The purchasers propose to locate and op-
erate general manufactories of cotton
and woolen goods, shoes, glassware and
tanieries, and the town is having a great
boom since the transaction was coin-
pleted. Texas farmers are right in en -
couragingdomestic manufactures What
the South and West need are manufac-
tories. at home, to create a home market
for the productsof their lands. There will
b.e some mistakes and doubtless many .
failures in bringing about this much-to-
be-desired result, but it is the proper
principle to work on.-Farm and Home.
Farming That Don't Pay.
Ed.l:, FitOi id Furnicr antd F r,i-it-(,woei.:
A negro at Oriole leaves his plows and
other implements exposed to the weath-
er, where they literally rust to pieces,
"caze." says he, "dat at de way udder
people, dey does." How many white
folks are doing likewise, and then com-
plaining that farming does not. pay?
Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the FLORmA FARMER
AND) FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
vited to contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and house-
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal may be
gathered from the subjoined tale, which
may serve to suggest what might other-
wise escape attention : -
Cl-aring land, draining land, crops for.
new land, succession of crops, inteirsive
farming, treatment of different soils,
irrigation, soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
penning, green manuring. .
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,
goats, poultry-Breeds, feed, diseasees,
Corn, oats, rye, wheat, rice-Varieties,
yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
ties encountered, general treatment.
Colltto,-Long and .short Staple-Plant-
ing and culture, marketing, manage-
ment of seed. products from the seed.
Sugar Cane and Sorghum--Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
tion of market.
Tobacco-7, Vrieties, histoiTry in Florida,
recent experiences, seed. culture, manu-
Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie-
ties, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methods of planting
and culture, comparative effects of fer-
tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
of fruit, wine and other products..
Peach, pear,, fig, persimmon, loquat,
the Kelsey plum, native plum, mul-
berry, quince, apricot, .guava, :banana
pineapple .sapodilla, -mango,, avoca1i
pear, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
almond, pomegranate,. olive,, grape,
strawberry, -blackberiry, raspberry-Va-
rieties, effects of soil, .weather, etc.
methods of culture.
NATIVE TREES AND EKRBS.
-Planting trees for ornament or utility,
the burning. over of forest, lands. ,the
lumber and turpentine industries, the.
tiinning industry,, phenomena of. plant
life,, weeds and .noxious plants '.
N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
editor for identification. Information is
desired respecting popular.' names and
Plants adapted to this climate,6i.t "
door culture, management, of "green-
house. 'E -E...-
Bermuda- 'grass, crab, grass, Para gras
Guinea grass, ,-Terrelb grass-' orharl
grass,' red-top grass, Johnson grass, Texas.
blue grass, pearl-millet,. German', millet; -
millo maize, kaffix corn, teosmite; .,sorg- ..
humv..fodder.-cor;- cowo peas-,desmodi-
u m, 'Mexican.olover,~lespedeza," alfalfa,
melilbttu:,-* i "-:r **' "" "i.i':* ;* ,'-.':- ":.'*. ,='
-'-,flTH kE i- 8 ,
Cottond seed: tt ed 'nmi. "barn.,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. OCTOBER 26, 1887.
HELEN HARCOURT. Editor.
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
SAll questions of general interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal Inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
.seat In our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
*experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications Intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
,should be addressed to
EDITOR OUlR HOME-CIRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
Our Cosy Corner.
Now let us see how to make the best of
worn, faded or "generally shabby" wool-
len materials. Last year we had a case of
'the worst kind of shabbiness to deal with,
aJavender cashmere wrapper, stained,
faded. in streaks, soiled from wear, yet
the material so sound and perfect that it
-seemed a "sin and a shame" to discard
it, and yet, as it was, it was totally unfit
for wear. The worst of the mischief had
been done unawares, after its retire-
ment for the summer, by a leaky outer
wall against which it hung, and perhaps
.some of our sisters know what an ugly,
brown stain is made on clothing by wet,
We had put on our "thinking cap,"
.and first washed the wrapper thoroughly,
using plenty of suds and warm water.
Woollens, be it remarked, should never
have soap rubbed directly on them, nor
should they be rubbed by hand on a
board, like cotton stuffs. Dip them up
and down, squeeze them with the hands,
or pound them lightly with a clothes
pounder, but rub at your peril; rinse in
By this method the woe-begonewrap-
per in question became clean, but then,
to be sure, all the faded streaks re- o
mained, in finer contrast than ever. But
we were not dismayed; we had con-
quered such forlorn cases before, and a b
package of garnet aniline dye soon trans- i
formed it in such style tha t had to be ]
formally introduced to its old self before
it would acknowledge relationship, and p
no wonder, for even the humansns" who 1
had seen that forlorn, stained old laven-
der wrapper, failed to recognize it in the
rich looking, handsome garnet wrapper 1
that did good morning duty all winter, .
And what we-did, our sisters can 0do
also, with many an apparently worthless E
garment. "A cloak will cover a multi-
tude of sins," and so will dyes cover a I
multitude of defects.
Soap bark is excellent for washing f
woolens or sponging silks. To prepare
it, put ten or fifteen cents' worth of the t
S' 'bark m a quart or more of the boiling a
water and let it stand over night; then p
draw off the liquid and add enough of it
to a tub of warm water to make a nice
suds. This is -better than the soap, espe-
cially for delicate colors, but soap will
answer if the soap bark can not be had.
With very delicate colors it will be wise
to test a small piece of the materiAl first t
with weak suds, and add strength to the h
latter in proportion to the result. This f
soap bark liquid, by the way, is excel- t
lent for sponging men's coats. v
Unless garments are very much soiled b
or faded, it is not necessary to rip them
up to wash or dye them; with a little t
care all that extra trouble may be f
Blue flannel coats, pants or dresses ca n
be easily freshened up "as good as new" "
by the following process: Boil a quarter f
of a pound of yellow bar soap in three
quartsof water, slicing the soap into thin
shavings, and letting it boil until it is all le
dissolved. Take a tub of lukewarm w
water, add enough of the hot soapsuds to an
make a good lather. Dip the garment in fo
and rub it well. but do not rubsoap upon '
it, for it will leave a while mark. Wring bI
it out with the hand. nor with a wringer,
because it creases it badly. Wash in an- se
other water with a little more of the m
soapsuds, if it is much soiled. Then
wring itagain, and dip into lukewarm ne
water to rinse it, and make it very blue
with the indigo bag. Shake it out thor- fo
oughly after wringing it, and dry in the vY
shade until damp enough to iron on the th
wrong side. It must not be dried en-
tirely before it is ironed. Colored wool- Fu
len or cotton stockings can be washed in 14
the same way, and rinsed in strong salt be
and water to keep the color from ru'n- of
ning. instead of blued water. up"
If fannel underclothing is rubbed on a sit
board, or rinsed in cold water, it will be- th
come hard and think an
(To be. Continued.) pew
We welcome the article below from the Oc
pen of a sensible sister, and can most O1
heartily indorse every word of it; it is
"true to the backbone":. "A
MAKING THE WORST OF IT. bu
This is-no joke, but sad and sober ear- yo
nest. I know a woman (I think we all on
know her, or one like her, and I am us,
afraid most of us see her reflection every me
time we do up our back hair) who un- sce
dobtbtedly does make the worst of it. It gu
is her boast that she never puts away a
piece from the wash without ironing it-
even dish cloths and all "rags Her
floors are scrubbed so often it is a wonder
the boards are not ruboed through; she Foa
never has tiphe to read or visit; she is so for
wrinkled she looks double her age: she
is often too tired to be patient, kind and I
sympathetic to the members of her fanam- ma
ily, and she entertains all her visitors I
with a catalogue.of the'wiork she has in,
done and has to do, with a running ac- W
companiment'of her aches 'and pains. Iris
Now, observing this' woma, I seriously one
asked myself why she does these things, stra
It is not 't add,.to the comfort and pleas- gra
ure.of her hbufsehold, for they do' not The
care a pin' whether the dish, cloths are sto
ironed or not, or the floors scrubbed once one
.,a week or once ai month, An'd- would niff
never think anything about it if
were not forever dinning it into I
ears. I pondered on the subject,
was forced to the conclusion that
loves to be considered a martyr to
family, and a pattern housekeeper,
does all these useless things that she
tell of them, and so pose as a martyr
pattern. Let those of us without
cast the first stone at her.
Do we not, most of us, on gathe
together for any social enjoyment,
mediately begin to catalogue our achi
ments, but do not each of us only a'
a pause to get an opportunity to tell
own? I do not mean exchanging rec
anti methods for mutual benefit, but
ing how many loaves or pies we ba]
and how many dishes we washed,
how long we stood over the stove,
Is. .t not barely possible that the an
pation of having these things to
goads us on to attempt more than
ought? Let us resolve never to speak
our .domestic duties unless to help
another-never to boast-and I think
very large temptation to overdo will
Here is what a wise woman wi
many years ago (Elizabeth T. Ki
1856): "This is of great importance
watch carefully, * not
over-fatigue myself, because then I c
not contribute to the pleasure of otho
and a placid face and a gentle tone
make my family more happy than a:
thing else I can do for them. Our o
will gets sadly into the performance
our duties sometimes."
I wish every woman in the land wo
copy this extract and fasten it to
looking-glass, where she would be s
to see it at least- once every day of
life. She could not read it too often.
her own good, and that of her family
We forget that people were not crea
to take care of houses, etc., but tl
houses, etc., were invented for the co
fort and pleasure of people, and sho
be subservient to them in every .way,
stead of their cruel tyrants.
Another wise woman (Elizabeth Pr
tiss) writes: "If you could once moke
your mind in the fear of God never
undertake more work. of any sort thi
you can carry out calmly, quietly, wi
out hurry or flurry, and the instant y
feel yourself gro wing nervous and li
one out of breath, would stop and ta
breath, you would find this simple, co
mon sense rule doing for you what
prayers or tears would ever accomplish
Nearly all of our sins of temper or in
patience come from the nervous e
haustion of overwork. We should a
ourselves, when in doubt about a tas
"Will the health and comfort of r
family be furthered by it, or only r
reputation as a housekeeper?"-' Th
question, we will find, will make thin
seem very 'different.
The woman who is always squander!
ler strength in the hope of b, ing call
model housekeeper, is her own and h
'amily's enemy, and a selfish egotism
ihe is not a martyr to her family at a
.ut she. La niaia yr -toiher own vanit
and deserves the censure rather than t
>ity of a ll her friends.
Yours for reform,
AUNT JUDITH SUNSHINE,
Answers to Correspondents
Aunt Judith Sunshine may rest assur
hat we are always glad to hear fro
her; both her words and her recipes a
ull of good common sense; and our si
ers of the Home Circle appreciate the
value. Her inquiries in regard to "tha
ig animal" will soon be attended to.
From Aunt Fannie we acknowled1
be receipt of welcome, wholesome word
or our next issue. Aunt Judith an
Aunt Fannie should shake hands.
L. C. B.. New York, N. Y. Copy <
Florida Fruits and How to Raise Them
forwarded by mail as requested.
Mrs. H. D. W., Leesburg. Fla., write
I have been prompted many times t
end you a helping hand in your praise
orthy efforts to help the Florida womei
nd often I wished tosay "many thanks
>r some useful hint, especially, for tha
kitchen table.' Mine hasn't, come ye
ut it will if I live long enough."
It is always cheering to know that ou
.ed has fallen ou good ground, where i
ay grow and bear fruit.
"Elsie's Mamma. "Budge" will appeal
A subscriber writes us: "One more un
rtunate comes for help. Can and wil
ou send me the particulars regarding
e free home referred to in this week'
LOREDA FARMER AND FREr-GROWER?
ull particulars sent by mail of Octobe
th, and sent. all the more gladly
cause we.recognize in the writer one
those noble-hearted women who rise
pand conquer misfortune rather thai
ik beneath the pressure. We know
at our sister can secure one of the "'twi
d a half acre tracts" referred to, and
e hope and believe that a happy, pros
rous future awaits her there.
M. & S., Gamesville, Fla.; W. A. R.
*ala.; Mrs. H. D. W., Leesburg. Cir
lars mailed as requested.
A friend writes from Daytona, Fla.
allow me to say that my wife and I.
t newly established in Florida, find
ur paper, in all its departments, noi
ly entertaining, but greatly helpful toc
,and we hope that this new depart
nt (the Family Exchange) may tran-
nd the anticipations of the mostsan-
ine of your subscribers."
The Family Friend.
?rom Mrs. A. H. B., East Mandarin,
., we have the following directions
EXCELLENT BOP YEAST.
would like to tell the sisters how to
ke nice hop yeast:
n the morning boil a handful of hops
a quart of water twenty minutes
-le they are boiling grate three large
ih'potatoes into a two quart pan; add
-half cup each of sugarand salt, then
tin the boiling bop water on the
ted potatoes,, stirring all the time.
fi set the pan on the back of the
ve where it will :simmer slowly for
. hour, stirring often that it
Sn'ot stick to the bottom.
she Then remove front the fire to cool. Our Young Folks' Corner. orange grove, or in gardening. Would PRflIT T IT PTTUHE
their When lukewarm add one cup of yeast, FANNYLAlike also to exchange shells of small PROUFI IFl RUI CULTUE,.
and and pour it all into a warm two quart size from this part of the coast for Kelsey and other valuable Plums. 25,000
she pitcher to rise. In the morning it will [Here comes a welcome visitor to our shells of other and distant localities. Ad- LeConte, Keiffer and other Pears and:IApples on
her be full of bubbling yeast, and ready to little corner, cousins; some one to do a dress W. F. S. LeConte stock. All the valuableand Oriental
and bottle and cork, but not too tight at first. "spell of talking," and spare you for aI wish to exchange N. 85, Prunes. Nouthern Fruits Call inds.mphor Tees, Olives,
may It is now ready for use, and will keep once th scrathings ofmypen.-CosN of theFLRIDA FARMER AND FRUIT- Jersy Red Hogs. Seeds of Forage Plants.
and two or three weeks in cool weather, and HELEN. GROWER, for Nos. 2, 8, 5, 6, and 27. Ad- Higbes Quality, Luowres Prices. Valuable in-
sin, is very nice. I have, often thought I should like to dress, G. B. T. Cherokee Farm a nd Nurseries.
HOW I MAKE NICE BREAD FROM THIS say a few words to our "Young Folks" I will exchange plants, seeds ad em- h e a
ring YEAST. in their "'Corner," if there should hap- broidery patterns with our sisters of the Muck Ten Cord.
im- After supper take one tablespoonful of pen to be a spare space some time. Home Circle. Willh also exchange a uck Te Cents Per Cord.
eve- salt, one teaspoonful of sugar and one We were a goodly family of twelve d magic lantern and three dozen
wait quart of water in a bread pan. Then children. My father farmeda good deal slides three and one half inches wide If you wish to get out muk cheaply get a
our measure two-thirds of a cup of this yeast, of land, chiefly cattle. Amongst other (landscape and comic) for the b est offer UCK ACHE muck cheaply V et a
ipes now stir in one quart of sifted flour, or arrangements, one bargain was that in of fruit trees, etc., before e Janes oer MUCK MACHINE AND EXCAV ATOR.
tell- until you have a smooth, thick batter; the spring, when any little lambs were Diameterof pictures shown, from Jan. 1st, For particulars address
ked, then stir the yeast well through it, add left motherless, any of us bigger children to ten feet. Address, Mrs. W. J.N. H. w. RiOOP,
and plenty of flour, and knead it up nice and might have one for our very own, if we M eeinFa
etc, smooth, but not too hard. I put mine promised to care for it both night and Wanted, to exchange pure extracted
tici- in a gallon wooden bucket, the lid shut day until it was big enough to do with- Palmetto honey, in five gallon cans or CANADA "UNLEACHED HARD WOOD
tell down tight, and set it on the table, and out its night bottle, which was a ginger demijohns, value $4, for correctly A E
we cover with the table cloth to keep it beer bottle, with a quill put in the centre named budded nursery stock in variety, E S
k of warm. In the morning, if the bucket is of the cork and securely tied to the bottle or fine poultry. H. G. B. Supplied in car lots, put up in bags or barrels.
one full, as it should be, turn it out on the with a piece of rag round the neck. We I have several hundreds of well grown Diredt shipment. guarantee analysis.. Price
one floured table or cake board, and out it in took it in turns to get up in the night and budded orange trees, from one to two Pamplet free. Address
I be four pieces (my pan is ten inches square, go down to the yard by the kitchen inches in diameter, also sour trees, which. Box 347. NaCHAS STEVE,
and put one in each corner). Do not door, to give the half pint of lukewarm I would exchange for peaches, vines, Ontario. Canada
rote knead it at all, but flour your hands milk to our lamb or lambs. It often hap- etc., or live stock of any sort. I will
ing, well, so the dough will not stick to them. opened, I am sorry to say, although we also exchanare good English saddles and RIVERSIDE NURSERY,
3, to Form them in balls, grease them all over did it in all kindness, we overfed the bridles for peach trees, vines, etc., or 'GLEN ST. MARY, Baker County, Fla.
t to with lard, and put them in the pan to lambs~when young, and so'lost them, but live stock of any sort.
an- rise one hour, when they should be very occasionally we' were lucky, as you Would like to exchange white and J.A. DANIEL, PROPeIETOR.
ers, light. Then bake one hour. shall hear. double pink oleanders for the double Pt-arie, Pears. Ar cotsJapI Kelsey Plum
will Please try this, sisters, and report. Once we reared a lovely little lamb cijmbon. yellow and willow, or any or:li
My- AUNT ABBIE. named "Fanny." She had a beautiful other varieties of the same. Mr. Lrs. S. J. A. DANIELS,
)wn sweeping tail and pretty horns, and her K. Glen St. Mary, Baker Co., a.
teof ANTS, ROACES AND meOWLS. fleece, like Maryas little lamb, "was Wanted-A spring mattress, also six OAITLA ND NURSERIES.
A sister who has just moved Into- a white as snow," and everywhere the lectro-planted teaspriong ; offeress, also six
uld new home in an old house, has this to tribe went "this lamb was sure to go." o-plated teaspoons; off er ed in ex-
her say about it: Although we were forbidden to hug or change, blacks velvet for winter hat or
e The way I have been waging war carry the lamb, it was so temptingl bonnet, and many things toselect from. Bo 147.r-
her with roaches and ants -oh, millions pretty, with a broad piece of blue ribbonn.ALLVARIETIESOF
for doesn't begin to express the numbers- round its neck, of course it must be lifted Will exchange Florida moss for pieces
. swarming ver everything, even on the over rough brambles, and then well of bright silks and old ribbons, that will OAGE AD ON T
ted bed the first night, reminds me to say patted'and kissed, that is, four brothers cut into one-quarter inch strips not less ORANGE AND LEMON TREES.
hat that turpentine will keep the ants at were not there. Brothers have a way of tha six inches long. Moss to weigh
m- bay; putting the safe legs in water had laughing if their sisters are what they double as much as silks. Address, --
uld no effect at all, but tying strips of cotton call "soft" with their lambs, kittens or Roxie. -
in- cloth, saturated with turpentine, around dolls, but never mind bent laughedat; be Will exchange vocal and instrumental Buds not placd on sminall stocks, but on extra
the legs has checked the onslaught; a as kind and loving as ever you like with mu'isic, in good condition, or Florida,
en- paint brush dipped in the fluid and your pets, especially ,a little motherless moss, for Seaside or 'Franjklin Square large andfineones.
up passed over the cloth each morning re- lamb Librarybooks, aggard'sAllen Quar
to news the perfume, blessed odor, to ie To r turn to Fanny. After a few termain," "It," "-Dawn," or "He." We make aspecialtyof the
tan assurance that those pests are not weeks she well rewarded us for our care Send list Address, Kate
th- swarming over and in everything. and attention by thriving and becoming .
ou "But my roaches must be full brothers quite frolicsome, and prettier every day. ESTABLISHED 18. --EARLY SPANISH RANG-----
ike to those of Putnam county, they don't There was one thing we were resolved
Ike care 'worth a cent.' How didyou apply on, Fanny should never mix with the 200 Aeres in Pruit nursery. the "'rlies "ar ery kn,-w...
m- it for them? ln t must be that your other sheep, fearing they might teach TOHITI LIMES and
no roaches are not well educated, and do her spiteful ways, for I am sorry to-say, ru u sre VILLA FRNCA LEMON S,
." not know enough to run away from tur- our experience of rearing lambs, as child r a Lurse es,,
m pntineor. We saturate pieces of rag, cot- dren, was at times discouraging. They and can show trees or the latter that stood the
ex- ton or sponge, wrap them'up in others invariably became vicious. The result AUGUSTA, GA. cold last winter as well as the Oran
,sk to retain the 'perfume' longer, and was theyhad to be sold or killedA. cold last winter a as the Orange, said
ik, touch cracks here and there with the charitably put. it down "because they -J. BERCIKANS, Proprietor. NOW HAVE FRUIT UPON THEM.
my turpentine. We renew once in a month had no mother "' We ere extra care V UON THEM.The .
my or two, and see no roaches in the inter- ful of Fanny; sheseemed in every way Thesto
hs val. -E D. so docile and quiet: her bleating was in FRUIT AN ORNAMENTAL TREE Sendr ataloge.
gs "Some of the 'brothers' ha-e been such a gentle way, we were determined or catalogue ,
sending very elaborate directions for the to keep her apart andbing her up in a clly grw or Ford .:,nits,.f rever- KEDNE CARY.
ng cure of "-'scaly legs" in fowls iat I feel different manner to our other lambs. ting adapted t1. that chimat. &DNEY& CAREY.
ed sure they, the 'brothers.' never followedwho, when they became sheep, caused S-nd f ,r Deserpt've C,.tsaloguea. P. C. W!r Pa.
Ier Perhapstheir wives had to. My remedy us many tears. They knocked us down LAeraPark, la
st. Will cure, and one application, if thor- and gave us many bumps and bruises, E r' -T .1 ---.L -V-
1]1, ougi., willdo., which weoftqtea etlyendured, as-uwe EXCELSIOR ORANGE FOOD
ty,- -Take an ohl toothbrush and kero- knew.at;; fat.tr, who was stern, would
he sane oil, and scrub the legs upand down. mal iart wrk of it and have them
all around, getting the oil under every killed hh, I am sorry to say, had to This fertilizer E the most perfect O:nge Foed In the market. It contains all the ingredJenlt
Part, and my word for it, 'the scales will come, soner or later Well, I must need bytheOran Tree,in hrproper proporis, viz: PhosphorAcid, Potash, Calciun
them hrightand clean'looking." when she was pretty hig, about four .. F T, i or ra B
We can corroborate the value of this or five months old, she began to limp.
Remedy; it is the one we have used for We carefully examined her foot and F. O. B. ship .,r rai 'in Charlesrtn.......................... ...
Syears past, th o pnly difference w e being it could find nothing, still it was swollenyF.B. ship or rl at Jl nvI. e ......................... ... ...
Sthe mode of application e pour the oil We enlisted our mother's sympathy; ...................... ......
ro in a discarded pint can, and hold the she probed it with a needle, bathed and Apply to O. DE G. BERTOLA, Proprietor, Enterprise. Volusia Co.. Fla.
Sfowl's legs in it for a few minutes, then poulticed it, did everything that was
let it go. The oil kils the minute [para- possible, gently and tenderly, as only .a
at sites that cause the scales, and the latter mother can. but it was of no use, poor ROOT ROT, RUST, DIE-BAG K AND SCALE
soon drop off. A second application is Fanny was suffering very much. treated by 0. DE G. F ERTOLA, who has hadl >.vears' exeriene in theagroves of Ital.,sn
go seldomen cessite o British snlol ond Florida. niert e. wwo, or v7 eA
ds cessay. We children held many consultations Britis ndt nd F C aton, wrn or vea, ree
d CINCINNATI CAKE. and shed many tears at the bare possi- TO OTTE O A
Pour over one pound fat salt pork. ability ofFanuy's belug killed. My father __'
of chopped ine and free from rind and said it was cruel keeping her in such
," lean one pint boiling.water, let stand misery, but we all. as a body, begged FOR SALE .im.ni IATELY
until nearly cold; add two cups brown him to spare her a few days: we faucied
s: sugar, one of molasses, one tablespoon- she wasgetting better. We persevered
o ful each of cloves and nutmeg, and two with all the remedies he prescribed, and
e- of cinnamon, two pounds raisins, one- when none of the boys. our brothers, and Jaa COrangee. omprly Lemons Muin V F ne sold in a lump. Terms reasonael
n, quarter pound of citron, half glass of were about. gently. wheeled her round some onw can make moneyby hau-llm g themn. Address
Sbrandy or rosewater. Add three ea te garden in the wheelbarrow, and twoG.L. TBER, len S. MaryFla
t spoonfuls baking powder, stirred into of us took it in turns to stay upall night Glen St. Mary Nurseries G. .
t, seven cupfuls sifted flour. Bake slowly for a night or two, but she seemed to ESTABLISHED 1875. ESTABLISHED 175.
two hours and a half. This is excellent get weaker and suffer more.
ir and requires neither butter nor eggs. When a new little brother arrived, we
t BARD TIME C tOOErcS. thought it certainly must be a pleasure
E.. Missouri, writes: "I send my to Fanny to see the new baby, and so X11 s, 9
E.. for asouri, writes:I send myrecipe carried the lamb up to mother's room
r for ard time cookies madewithout but- that the baby might kiss the lamb, or
using for the last twelve Years and I which, but it was all the same. We e C m i e chant n d F r ar e
know to be excellent. I hop it may be made such a noise and clatter, I remem-Com i i o rca d F r arder
is of as much benefit to some Younghoue- her, we were pretty quickly despatched,
S keeper as some of your valuable recipes but' we were glad we had taken Fanny y ae D ot.
ha ve been to me: Two cups sugar, one up to mother's room, for next morning JACKSONVILLE, LFA .GANeos I.L eo
r cup water, one cup fresh lard, one-alf we found the poor little lambdead in herBn S FLA.
Teaspoon of soda,and flourenough to mix clean little pen.
o asie ough. Flavor with cinnamon, bWe children were very tearful. as you
Sspcblginger or baklemon. Roll as thin as may imagitde, and my father said we
a ein brisk oven. These should 'inot have any more lambs and I have in stock and to arrive 5,000 BangorOiran Boes. 0000 Gum and Poplar Orange
are good. especiallyfor school children, pets, butlhe made a mistake when e Boxes, 20,00 Orange Box Beads, 70.000 Orange Box oops,50,'eams Orange Wraps.
as they will keep a month if you bake
enough,bute Inever could." said pets, as that very week two came in SIZERS, TRAM CARS, ORANGE CLIPS, LADDERS,
TO FRESfFEN SALr FIS. which I will write some future time, if and other Grower Supplies, all of which w be sold the Lowest possible Rates.
Many persons, who are in the habit of my littiefriends have been sufficiently pp ch will be sold t the Lowest Possible ates.
' freshening mackerel or other salt fish, interestV' in Fanny to care to hear any
never dream that there is a right way more of obuu'psanddowns with our pets. I ae every best faciUesorthedtribtonandsaeoongs Consgnmentssoltd
and a wrong way to do it. Any perso AinT E. Sed for Stencils, C ars and Price Lists.
who has seen the process of evaporation [Was there ever a child who did not en D treularsand Prce LlOts.
going on at any salt works knows how want to hear about pets?-CousI H.]
the salt falls to the bottom. Just so it" .O.O,
i isn the pan where your mackerel lies The Family change.
soaking; andas it lieswith the skin side
down, the salt will fall to the skin and Open toal subsecribersof the FLORIDA FARM-
there remain; when it is placed with the BR ANiD altRr-.GROWiR, for purposes of ex-
flesh down the salt falls to the bottom of n andalsob et r sourcia almeprdue t onscr F E R T I L I Z E
the pan, and the fish comes out freshen- sea shells plants, 'ete Advertisements and
ed as it should be. In the other case it answers, to avoid delays.must be addressed to
is nearly as salt as when put in. rhe EDANOa OF I-UR owME MonCiLE, FLORIDA -
Bere rem f unaddrpde tampEd envelope, in which to for. absolutely Pure Animal Matter-Guaranteed Analysis.
Here are two ways for cooking clams: ward it tdthe advertiser.
Clam Stew: Lay the clams on a grid-
iron over hot coals, taking them out of Want.ed- Confederate'moneyand post- BONE AND BLOOD. -
the shells as soon as open, savmg the age stamps;. also all kinds of old postage'
julce: add a little hot water, pepper stamps i exchange for Haggard's'She" Ammonia, 7 to 74 per cent. Bone Phosphate. 25 to 30 per cent. Equal; td Phos -
very little saltand butter rolled in flour and "Allan Quarterman, and other phoric Acid, 12 to 14 per cent.
sufficient for flavoring: cook five mim- books. .' address, Collector.
utes and pour over toast. Clam Fritters: I wonll~iice 'to exchange" pure bred L PULVERIZED BONE.
and pepper and uour enough for thin raf rou exchange strawberry Ammonia, 8 to 4 per cent. Bonehs hae'50to 55' percent. .Equal. o.
Chopped finely, with-part'of the .juice 'for Wyd 6ts lAddrb 0:C. H. W See that our name and Shield Trad MWark Is on every Back, Prices aatd
left qut, a."d one egg, and just enough ...' will l'inis r' m.m n '' c,,. ,Samples. furnished on appHeation tot -
four to hold them together, make as 'bpa sh a B're'eez. teo 'iteh Da.ona.t....... '. ,'. m'IOUB & COVaeks6nvlue,,Fa.
nice fritters as any one need want. in exchdige for"labor in carpentry, in WEIGHT AND A .NAL 'S 1WA_]AR"Ii'Tn ON EACH SACK
FLORIDA FARMER AND IFRIUT GROWER, OCTOBER 26,1887.
riv Sthn sk.
BOTS IN HORSES.
An Animal Parasite Supposed
S to Cause Death.
The following article, written by a vet-
erinary surgeon for Colman's Rural
World, shows that the bhot fly is the cause
of much unnecessary apprehension and
The bet fly or gad fly is of a bee-like
color; is seen during the latter part of
summer flying about horses' jaws, legs,
etc., causing great uneasiness to tlhe ani-
mal. It leaves behind it small, yellow
specks, so firmly attached to the hair
that no ordinary friction will remove
them. These specks are the eggs, and
the female, when depositing them, se-
lects those parts within easy reach of the
horse's tongue, as the fore limbs, etc., or
such parts that the young, hatched, will
fall directly into the animal's food, as
the cheeks, lower jaws, etc. With the
food they are conveyed into the stomach;
there they attach themselves in clusters
to the cardiac, or insensible part (rarely
to the digestive part), become covered
with an impenetrable skin, bury their
mouths or suckers deeply into the wall
of the stomach, and remain there feed-
ing upon its secretions for about eight
months, until the larva stage is com-
plete, when they digengage themselves
and are expelled with the dung. The
larva now seeks shelter in the ground,
contracts in size, becomes 'a chrysalis or
grub, in which state it remains a few
weeks, then bursts from its confinement
to assume the form of the fly.
During about eight months of the year
bots are found in the stomachs of all
country horses; but the common idea
that the horse could not live without them
is contradicted by the fact that- horses
not exposed to the gad fly never contain
a hot, and such animals can be found by
thousands in our large cities, yet they
enjoy the best of health.
Some farmers even suppose that bots
are hereditary, coming naturally into the
stomach, there remaining until tired,
when they begin to eat their way out.
The first part of this supposition is an-
swered by the history already given, but
the latter is the strong and clinching ar-
gument of those who claim that bots are
such a fearful cause of disease; for after
death it is sometimes found that they
have eaten entirely through the stom-
ach, and this is taken as conclusive evi-
dence that the mischief was done while
the animal was alive, and was the cause
of the pain shown.
But why do the bots eat their way out?
It cannot be because the food in the
stomach is distasteful to them, for they
do not feed on it; their food is the se-.
cretion, not the contents of the stomach.
Then why is it? It is because their food,
(the secretion) has undergone chemical
action, and is so (changed as to have be-
come.a poison, and such a change can-
not take place until the animal is dead,
or very nearly so. From what we have
said it will be seen that the hot species
cannot be perpetuated without passing
through the horse; they cannot cause
pain; they are not necessary to health;
they cannot be removed by medicine;
and lastly they voluntarily detach them-
selves and pass out. So the wise owner
will do well not to doctor for bots, but
study well the symptoms shown and
ascertain the real disease affecting the
animal. ,-,I. .
But how loes this agree with the usual
method, when inflammation of the lungs.:
stomach, bowels, kidneys and colic have
Small been pronounced bots, and the ani-
mal drenched with one pet medicine
after another until it has- died, c.r got
well in spite of the vile compounds? And
this is done just a? often during the sea-
son when not a bot can be found in the
horse as at any other time. Now, if bets
did trouble horses, what would be the
Prospect of removing them, when they
will live for some time in spirits of tur-
pentine, and even uitric acid does not
immediately kill them? So it will be
seen that the numberless potions and
drenches given for their destruction are
Entirely useless, and every farmer's ex-
Ierience must hare convinced him that
bets are the scape-goat of numerous pre-
tended horse doctors. An intelligent
owner will not allow medicines to be
blindly poured down his animals for au
imaginary disease. He will rather trust
S Cutting Closed Teats.
Cows that have lost their teats could
have been saved this loss in the following
manner: Take a sharp pen knife between
the thumb and finger, leaving about half
an inch of the point exposed, the width
of the blade being about three-sixteenth4
of an inch. Taking the defective teat in
the left hand, press on it enough to show
the opening, and push the knife quickly
up as far as the thumb and finger. I
have opened numbersof them and never
, failed tohavegood results. If the ope-
ration the first time is not successful, it
can be repeated within three days, this
time turning the blade in the -opposite
direction. It is so painless that a cow
wcll never.lift her foot from the soreness
it occasions.-Farm and Home.
Feeding Milch Cows.
When a dairy cow begins to fatten; it
is generally the case that she isgradually
drying up. If you"wish your cows to
milk well. do not feed too much fattening
food-feed less carbonaceous food (corn,
for instance) and more nitrogenous food
(clover and pea vine hay, cotton seed and
bran, for instance). A cow must have a
fair amount of flesh on her ribs or she
cannot give rich milk; but you do not
want her to put on too much flesh, not
too rapiply, unless you are trying to dry
her off. A cow ought to be in good flesh
-when she drops her calf. It is difficull
to make flesh and produce milk at the
same time.-Southern Live Stock Jour-
-Charlotte Harbor is to have a $12,0(X
hotel. .- -. .
The Art of Butter Making.
A prize was offered last year by the
Wisconsin Dairymens Association for the
best essay, containing not more than 250
words, on the subject of butter making,
and was awarded to C. W. Curtis, whose
essay is as follows: -
Select cows rich in butter making
qualities. Pastures should be dry, free
from slough holes, well seeded with dif-
ferent kinds of tame grasses, so- that
good feed is assured. If timothy or clo-
ver, cut early and .cure properly. Feed
corn stalks, pumpkins, ensilage, and
plenty of vegetables in winter: corn and
oats, corn and bran, or oil meal in small
quantities. Let cows drink only such
water as you would yourself. Gentle-
ness and cleanliness should be shown in
managing cows. Brush the udder to
free it from all impurities. Milk in a
clean barn,, well ventilated, quickly,
cheerfully, with clean hands and pail.
Seldom change milkers.
Strain milk while warm; submerge
in water 48 degrees. Open setting 60
degrees. Skim at twelve hours; at twen-
ty-four hours. Care must be exercised to
ripen cream. by frequent. stirring, keep-
ing at 60 degrees until slightly sour,
Better have one cow less than be with-
out a thermometer. Churns without
inside fixtures. Lever butter-worker.
Keep sweet and clean. In churning,
stir the cream thoroughly, temper to-60
degrees with warm or cool water,
Churn Jimmediately when properly se-
cured, slowly at first with a regular mo-
tion, in forty to sixty minutes. When
butter is formed in granules the size of
wheat kernels, draw off' the butter-
milk; wash with cold water and brine
until 'no trace of butter is left. In
work 'and salting, let the water drain
out; weigh the butter; salt. one ounce to
the pound; sift- salt on the butter and
work with lever-worker. Set away two
to four hours, and slighty re-work and
A kicking cow is a nuisance. A kicking
cow is usually the result of bad manage-
ment in training. If a cow with her
first calf is put.in a stanchion and milk-
ed there until wel trained, it would be
well for the cow and for the owner. Hei
head being confined, you can handle her
better. Don't-handle her roughly-only
kindly, and be patient and forbearing
with her. Speak to her kindly, rub her
gently. She will soon leave off her dis-
position to kick when she finds you
do not mean to harm her.
If you are ever forced to use any de-
vice for protection against -her heels we
commend the following as given by the,
SOf all devices yet resorted to for cur-
ing cows of this evil,the most perfect is a
cord tied around the hind legs in the,
shape of a.figure eight, just above the'
gambrel joints. It'can he done quickly,
drawing the legs firmly together. not
hurting the cow, and holding her as firm
as a rock.-Scouthern Live Stock Jour-
Sheep in South America.
Hon. E. L. Baker, United States Con.
sul to Buenos Ayres, gives in a recent
report to the State Department, as we
learn from the Planter's Journal, an in-
teresting accc,unt of the native sheep of
South America. There are four species
of this so-called sheep, which seems
to be a sort of -a cross between a
camel -and the European sheep-the
Llama, the Alpaca, thie Guanaco and the
Vincuna. The two first are the larger
of the four,and used in carrying burdens.
They are larg-erlly domesticated. The two
la-t'arL- smaller animals and not domes-
ticated to any extent. But all are capa-
ble of domestication. and all yield wool,
some of it of very fine grade.
These animals are capable of living
and thriving on the scantiest pasturage,
and are so hardy as to be able to endure
the greatest extrenim-s of both heat and
cold. Orchard grass or clover pasturage
would he a useless oupetfluity for these
Mr. Baker thinks they might, be intro-
duced into parts of the United States,
and from what. he says we bare little
doubt but that the seaboard section of
the Southern States would suit them
very well. The climate here i-s at time.
too moist for them, it may be. but no
doubt the animals could survive that.
And it is certain'that our forest lands
would furnish thliem an abundance of
what would be, to them, the most excel-
lent forage. As dogs would not be
likely to worry these animals, perhaps it
is the sheep for us.
About Feeding Hogs.
Every bushel of corn fed should be
good tfor 10 or 12 pounds of pork. Every
gallbn of milk ought to return nearly
one pound of pork. Corn and skim milk
seem to go well together. Onre is rich in
albuminoids and the other in carbo-
hydrates, so if one has enough of skim
milk to allow the pig all be will eat, he
may give him corn more freely and see
his pig making harmonious growth of
bone and muscle-and- fat. Skim milk
and oats and middlings will give a gleat
growth and not over fat. Our best pork
hereafter is to be made with leas corn.
We should have less fat and more lean.
so have the healthiest, soundest stock.
A box kept well supplied with ashes
in which charcoal is found should be
within reach of bogs all the time at this
season of the year. Like all gross feed-
; ers .they are'apt to be troubled with
acidity of the stomach, and the coal and
ashes correct this.
Fed on corn, clover and grass with
mill feed for slop, a six months' pig
ought 10 weigh 150 pounds or'over, at a
cost of not over $6. At 12 months it
s shouldweigh 300 pounds or over, and
not habe cost to exceed $10 when corn if
i4 cents a bushel and mill feed $12 pei
t ton. *,.
i There is no question of the propriety
n of giving growing pigs an abundance of
green and succulent food during the
summer months, the growing months ol
t their lives, and of affording variety it
J. FLETCHER HTRLEY.
Ducks and Geese.
A correspondent Of the Southern Cul-
tivator -thinks that web-footed poultry
are good in their place, but that their.
place is not in the door yard. He says:
Ducks and geese can [,e nia Je highly
profitable-more profitable than chick-
ens, I believe, because there are more
comparatively of the latter raised. There
is a brisk demand and good, prices for
the feathers, e-ggs or flesh of ducks and
geese, and these fowls are easily reared.
But much vexation awaits him who at-
tempts to raise them on the farm or
plantation without providing a special
inclosure for them. Given free range,
they are continually in mischief. About
thepumpsatthe h;arn and house, they
keep putrid mud; they are sure to inves-,
tigate the' contents of every pan. kettle,
bucket or box, and they leave disagree-
able evidences of their investigation;
they so foul the feed and water troughs,
and the fodder, that eveu a decent mule
will turn from its food and drink in dis
gust. A loose duck or goose is very
nearly omnipresent, and it ha. less re-
spect for the golden rule than a sheep-
Properly ducks or geese are confined
to an inclosure. Water for paddling in
they should have, but it is not neces-
sary. A pond will answer, but a run-
ning steam is better, as the water will
not become foul. True, when the fowls
are confined you must supply them with
food, bur when not confined they waste
far more than they gather. Give them
a shelter in one corner.of the enclosure.
If their lot includes a running brook.
with trees along its bank, they will be
happy, and make you happy when you
sell their produce.
The fall is a good time to buy thor-
ough-bred poultry. You can buy
cheaper now than in the spring: and
you have the advantage of "having the
pick" from a much larger stock.
A Queen Bee-Trap.
Many have P. dread of handling and
hiving'natural swarms of bees. With a
movable frame hive the bee-keeper can
make artificial swarms, thus doing away
with natural swarming. Or by the use
of a queen trap he can hive a natural
swarm of bees without handling them
at all. The drone and queen trap com-
bined. an invention of a Massachsuetts
man, is a boon to bee keepers, especially
to those who allow their bees to swarm.,
naturally. Hiving a swarm of bees with
the aid of a trap is such an easy, simple
matter that any one who can place in
position, on ti.e ground or stand, the
empty hive for the bees to enter.-can
alone and entirely unaided hive a swarm
A bee loaded with honey rarely or ever
-stings. When a swarm is about to leave
tA the parent colony, each bee takes all the
111d 0,5. honey she can carry, which explains
why a person is rarely stung when hiv-
----- ing a natural swarm of bees.-Farm and
Old Breeds vs. the New. Home.
When a man first takes I"hen fever" '. M -,
be is considered by some a crank, and in F) B I (0 D/A I
most cases there is too much truth in the Ol JU U @ /r
appellation to make a good joke. The \l- TRADE J
disease generally attacks its victims at HMARK \ .
first in a very violent form. If a man - ," '
has a real bad case he does not stand -. .'' ,'"
back on account of high prices being -- DON'T ,
asked for his favorite variety. He will I\ E. IN TH. C uW M
not be put off with second-class fowls, DI- I T -HE HOU -'
but wants the best regardless of price.- -'." '
Now this is all right, to begin with good Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
stock, but many young fanciers make a Rats are smart, but "RouGH ON RATS" beats
great mistake in selecting a new breed them. Clears out Rats, Mice, Roaches, Water
to begin with. It is almost always the Bugs, Flies, Beetles, Moths, Ants, Mosquitoes',
cause of making the would-be fancier Bed-bugs, Insects Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
cause o maing e wou Skunks. Weasel, Gophers, Chipmunks, Moles,
quit the business in disgust. Musk Rats, Jack Rabbits. Squirrels. lc. & 25c.
For instance, let us take the White H E 1 ..
Wyandottes. No doubt they will prove a H E I N L I C E
valuable acquisition to our long list of "RouGH ON BATS" is a complete reventive
fine fowls. The pictures of them look and destroyer of Hen Lice. Mix a Nc. box of
-pretty, .and if our enterprising Yankee "ROUGH ON RATS" to a pail of whitewash,
bretty anw il. ouced i.ete ing.them to kee i.well stirred up while applying. White-
breeders will succeed in getting the t wash the whole interior of the ennery; inside
breed true to the illustration, then the and outside of the nests. The cure is radical
young fancier may safely accept them and complete. P TAT T BUGS
into his yards. But where can a trio or or Potato B Us, Insects on
breeding pen of White Wyandottes be f Vines, Shrubs, Tees, 1 pound
obtained that look anything like the ii- orhalf the contents of a $1.00
lustrations presented by the breeders box of "ROUGH ON Ral Size to be t(Aorogi-y
throgh he oulry jurnlsEve bicultural Size) to he thai-cup ly'
through the poultry journals? Even if mixed with one to-two barrels
they could bhe had to look half as well, of plaster. or whatisbetterair
what would their progeny be? Would it uon thoroslacked lime Much dependso a
be sch a wold stisy nd ncouageupon thorough mixing, so asi
be such as would satisfy and encourage to completely distribute the poison. Sprinkle
the young fancier? Would not he feel it on plants, trees or shrubs when damp or
small amount of.disgust if one-third or wet, and is quite effective when mixed with
small amount o d t f o rd hor lime, dusted on without moisture. While in
more of his young .chicks should show its concentrated state it is the most active
white ear lobes, long, narrow, combs, and strongest of all Bug Poisons; when mixed
long, flowing tails, or smutty backs or as above is comparatively harmless to and-
breast, ?Itwin s, ou nde niable o factt mals or persons, in any quantity they would
beasts? It s an undeae ac a take. If preferred to use inliquid form,a:table- .
every strain of White Wyandottes of spoonful ofthe full strength "'RoUHONBATS"
which I have any knowledge show these Powder, well shaken, in a keg of water.and
less.... in tir applied with a sprinkling.pot; sprra' s ce
disqualificatiouns more or less in their orwbisk broom, will be found very eff-.n-i.
progeny. Keer. ;t well shrrro. up while usb. ~Ivl.J 'y
I don't want to be understood as crying .i ",'rugcistU and Storkeepers.l -.,&.y C J
down the new breeds, for such is not my E- S. WELs Chemist, jersey -iry N J
intention at all. Give them a chance by .
all means, but let them come into public B e es O
favor according to their i rue merits, and Beeo and Queens.
then they will remain popular. _Let the rders wi b ooked now for delivery dur-
young taunters who are joinig theranks IOd.swllb ooe.owfrd.ie:Ydr
young fanciers .who are joining the ranks Ug April, May or June, of my superior race
almost daily begin with some old reliable of .
breed-something that will at least breed pure
true when mated correctly, and will not Tfliai KP fll I 1 H
disappoint him. For mating most of .-tlian BUUoo ils 1111ueUe.n
the older breeds, there are well defined b -.
rules laid down by the successful breed- Queens by ma.l a special.
ers, and the amateur can, by reading and Give me a trial.order
seeking information on the subject, soon For prices or other informatio.n,address
strike the key-note to success H. C. HART,
Some are ready to taunt me with that range Co., i.
worn-out expression, "There is'no-glory
in doing what every one can do." But
I will remind them that every one does
not raise 90-point Plymouth Rocks, Leg- | II
ing; and there is more glory in sticking E B
to the old varieties, improving them, and Mrs. MacR A. McC
'making one's self famous with them, I IVR DISEAE twrces: t I aamdyecd
than by running off- after evemrvliug I VEDISE I.1-ga.r^etoey he_
new, and working up a temporary boo.; .i AU i headr r
then go down to oblivion, never to be UIR TnIIDIR ;Gicten Mi-dial ud
resurrected. I1 only take1he While Wy- HEArTTn OUBLE.,ripon and P,-llet
andotre as an example, am thW I liave r'ad fur of the- Pa Pure6ptonr,
any grudge against them, for of all the g-ry,'a taod fprof the 'Pthe- usoant Purgarivei
n3 gao to icmprove undier the. us.- .ot your mc-
new breeds White Wyandottes are my came back. My dirCLii-.:a bare ali disapF,
favorite, butI must insist that we do al day,orwau.fouari:vrrm,-1sacaY,,ado
not give up the old for the new, at least -I be tan uSinU9 the ndIin 1M i cO i sarei
not yet awhile. -niostof the eiiew. and I dld neot otaijrk I co-
nciyvet awhile. -- I have ah rlte babv grIeight. m'.l ,o',ncolod.
T '61 rin .-. ...i .e nil ame ironic e -. ebe Ls hal
dic-a all the credit, for curdIge m>. as I tOl-Ak DOoi.ther trMaitmen I alter
bp-nimnag their use. I am v-ry r-ateul for your kindne.ass, and
thank God and thank you that I am as well aa I am after years
of u M- rs.rI..V. WEBBER, of rork-,ire, Ctarauigius Co.,
-I IY., wtts: I w-iLbh to siy a few w,:.rds in praise
LIVER of your 'Golden Medical Discovery and 'Pleasant
SPurp-ranve PeUew.' For five years previous t.o
SlElASE.I taKbg them I was a grT,.at suffrerr; I bad a
u si.-vere pain in my riglit ide contonuaily; was
unasble to do, my own work. I am happy t o-say
I am now well and strong, thaiinks to your medichmEs."
Chronic Diarrhea Cnured.-'D. LAZARR, Esq., -S.7 and .
Decatur Sirirt, Nw. Orlroans, La.. -writes: I used three bottle -I r
the 'Golden Miedical Discovery.' and it has cured me of cbromc
diarrhea. My bowels are now regtdar."..
m m Mirs. PaRELLIA BRUNDAOE, of lIt, Lock Strat,r
NRAL Lockport. ;write: I was troubled with
I I i ,a.ni nervous ard general dtbiy, with frequent
DEIInITV o,:re taroat, and my mouth was badly cankered.
UIaL~iam Mr yL%-rr was inactive, and I suifcrxd much from
,'numi 'pepsLa. I am pleased to say that your'* Goiden
Mnrdical Dis'n vr' and *Peu-ta' have curEd m. of all these
aum,-nts and i cnnt say nOUIgh In there" prai.-e. I muef al.o
s6y a word in refcreneI cIc voiir 'Far-',nte Pr,-snrirption,' as it
has proven iteif a most excellent medicine- for weak females.
It has been ued in my famJy witht excelUent results."
Dyspepsia.-JA.'s L. C:LBr, Eeq.,of rucatan, Houston Co.,
Mai-.. writes: "I wa troubled wn-ito tindjjetion, and wuitid eat
teartuyand growpoorat trcesame tine'. Iexp-nenced heartbuin.
sour sc8rmach, and many ot(,her diagrcable sv-mpt(:,ms common
tocat >isL..rd-r. I c,.mmerc-eLd taking your
I Golden Medica ri.coc.-very' and 'PeUctsa,' and
INVIGORATES I anm no'ntirei- fre from the dyspepaa, and
m mam. m fact, hct iith-r than I har,- bei.n for
THE SYSTEM. fivm years. I weign oe hundred and seventy-
II lln one and one-hbalf pounds, and hare done as
I muc.n work the pas-t summer as I have ever
done in thbe Came ir..nrth ,:f time in my cLie. I never took a
nici,,.ine tiat earmei'to tone up_ [te miscl.-s and in-igorate
the wbcr.le system equal to your Disacovery and PeJltle.'"
Dyspepsia.-THREREiA A. CA~~. of Springrcild, No., writes:
"I was troubled one y.ar wth liver complaint, dyspepsia, and
sleepiesen-ss, but your"'Goidea MedjaJ UDiscovery' tured me."'
Chills and Fever.-Rev. HF. E. MOSLETv, SMontinorecri,. S. C.,
writ'S-a: "'Lat August I thought I woul diciwit b chhudsand fever;
I took your' Dicovery and it stopped them in a very short tune.
,THE BLOOD IS THE LIFE."
Tborouqhly cleanse the blond, which is the fountain of health, by using Dr. Perce's Golden Medical Discoery, and good
dJgestion. a farn skin, buoyant pirrts. and body heatO sand vipor w-,Ll ne esiat,hlsoed.
-Golden Medical Discovery cures all humors, from the common pmple, blteb, or eruption, to the worst Sc-roftaoor blood-
po.iscn. Especiahv has it proven its efficacy in curing Salt-rneauni or Tetter, Fever-sores, Hip-joint Disease, Scroulous Sores
and Swellings, Enlarged Glands, and Eating Ulcers. .- _7- ... --,", .
Rev. F. AsaBsuRy HOW.LL, Pator .( he M.E. and can walk with the heip of crutches. He does not suffer any
INDIGESTION Vr,:i. cir .,,onr,,,,. i. j., saIs: was at- pain. and ,an eat and sleep as well as any one. It has only teen
I I flictO d < lwiflcatarrhand indiieeti.n. Bi and atout three months sinme he commenced using your. medicine.
Su nictoed wibeg catnariserh an indte surface sfand to cannot find words with which to expresa my gratitude for the
BOILS, skin, and I experienced a tired facing and beeft he received through you."
BLOTCHES. duci.. I began the use of Dr. Pierce's kIn sese-The"DemoratdN
Golden Medical Discorery as directed by IIDis of CanbriGe, Maryl-raed, says:"rs,
I1 him for h complaints, and one week's TERRIBLE I A n POOL wire of Leonard Pooe, of
time I befan to feel lik, a new man, and am now sound and weil. A TERIB ANNb IEr Wits lOr Cona, rdhas been curedoW
The Pleasant Purgative Pellets 'are the be"ie remedy fior bilious or |I rlllN |o a bad caseof Eczema by usIng Dr. Pierce'sc
sic headacuhe, or tigtness about the chest, and bad taste in the A FULIUO.. | Golden Medical Discovery. -The disease ap-
mouth, that I hare ever used. My wife could not walk across the I eared st in er feet. extended to the knees, -
floor when s',: began to take your 'Golden Medical Discovery.' eared first in hower limbs f meet. ext feet to heknees, then
Now she -(an walk quite a LWttJ ways, and do some light work." Covering the whole of the lower limbs fro~m. Peet. to knees, then
Now she can walk quite a t ways, and attacked the elbows and became so severe as to prostrate her.
i Mrs. IDA M. STRONgo, of Afnsvro.rth, Ind., writes: Ailter being treated by several pbhysicians/for a year or two she
.HiP-J l" I "My little boy had been troubled with hip-joint commenced the use of the medicine named a6ove. She soon
ni" ,disease for two years. When he commenced the began to mend and is now well and hearty. Mrs. Poole thlnka
I Io I us of your 'Golden Medical Discovery' and the medicine has saved her life anrd prolonged her. days."
mPIS E. | Pellets.' he was confined to his bed, and could Mr. T. A. ATWSE. of East A'v Mfarthet, Dorchcter County, Md.,
not be moved without suffering great pain. But vouches for the above facts.
now, thanks to your Discovery,' he is able to be up allte the iame,
CONSUMPTION, WEAK LUNGS, SPITTING OF BLOOD.
GOLDEN MEDOtAL DiSOvr-Ry cures Consumption (which .s Scrofulaof the Lungs), by its wondert'ul blood-purifying, l.nlgora,"
ring and nurririe properties For Weak Lungs, Spriting of Blood, Sortness or Breath, Bronchits, Severe Coughs, Asthma,
and kindred affections, it is a sovereign remedy. Wille it promptly cures the severest Coughs It strengthens the system
and purifies the blood.
It rapidly builds up the system, and increases the flesh and weight of those reduced below the usual standard of health by
consumplliou.-Mrs. EDWARD NEWTON. of HarroiA'.uith, c.] Discovery'bastcured my daughter of a veryhad ulcer located
Coosiimpllou.-Mra. ~ ~ ~ ~ o EDADtWTN rBrnvmh t,,,hJ h After trying almost everything watnout'successs, we
Ont., writes. i" You will ever be praised by me for the remarks- on ae thi b After tryn almost everything without'success, wed it
ble cure in my casa.. I was so reduced thfiat my friends bad all procured I-e bottles cyour 'Dn cover, which heaedItup
g-en me up. and I had also been gIven up by two doctors. I than perfecty." Mr. uDowns continues:
wenl to the best doctor in these parts. He told me that medicine and eart Disea I also wh to
was only a punishment in.-my case, and would not undertake to .onscumption and em earth Dcsease---"I also wish 'to
treat me. He said t might try Cod liver oi if I thank you for the remarkable cureou haved suffered infrom chasterri-
n Iliied, as that was the only thg that or three years I ad suffered from at ter-
1..IVE-N UP, bly i ae any urative power thter cnsould possi- W-T T ble disease.' consumption, 'and heart disease.
ly ive any ourativ powBefore consult you I ad wasted away to
Sfar advanced. I tried the Cod live oil as a last, WSTED TO sI Before could not sleep norrestand maway ton
I TO DIE. treatment, but I was so weak I could not keep it IA S /TO N. times wished to die to be out of my misery. I
C I on my stomach. liMy husband. not fee ling satisfiedA | LUn then consulted you, and you told me you had
to give mA ce yr-r'though he had bought for me hopes of curing me, but Itwould take.time. I
everything bcismw advertIsed foi'my complaint, procured a quin- took five months' treatment in all. The flrst.two months I was
tity of your Golden Medcal Di-covery.' I tool only four bottles, almost discouraged 'could not perceive any favorable symptoms,
and. to thosurprise aof everyhodr, am 'to-day doin: my own work. but the third month I began to pick up In flesh and strength. I'
and am entirely free from that tc-rnb'lq cough which harassed me cannot now recite' how, step'by-slep, the signs and. realities or
nightand day. I bave been afflicted with rheumatism fors number turning health gradually but surely developed themselves.
of years. and now" feel so muini bette-r that; I b,'liove, with n ceu- returning health gradually ,but surely developed themselves.
of years an now fel so mu btter thii I blcve with c- To-day ftip the scales at one hundred and sixty, and am well
tinuation of your' Golden Medical Discovery,' I will be restored and srong.
to perfect el. I would say to those who ar falling prey Our principal reliance i curing Mr. Downs' terrible disease
that terrible disease consurumpinn. do not do nis I did. take ever,- was the ":Golden Med Dicovery. ...
thing else first; but takp the-Go.lden Medical Discoverm" in the- Discovery." .
early stag-.s of the disease, and thereby save a great deal of suf- JOSEL P. MCFALA .bA,-..-,nAth,-L-
fering and be restored to bealth at once. Any person. hos" s LrEEIN Iwrites: "My wif had treqen% blee from
still In doubt, need but write me. inclosing a stamped, B.lf- L U ING writes: "My wifre bad freq-ommenct leading, youm
addressed envelope for reply, when the foregoing statemlet e waill O LiG Golden Medical Discovery.' She- has not
be fully substantiated by me." |rnU LUnJO-1 bad any since its use. --For some six months
bce-Slb yWrgst Prc "O .. --potteoryiD-e.-. '-:.."
Golden Medical P
)Hscoyery is Sold by Druggists. Price U600 pe.r Bottle, or SI Bkttleo.ro .00.. -
WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Proprietors -':. .
.No. 663 Main Street,. B1P' ...
S3ST-A-TT, 1 M c- c-c: i 1875.- ;_,
GRAIN. GARDEN SEEDS
/ v .T -A k1& I.BO T-ctJXE,
20 West-Bay .Street, Jaeksonville, Fia. -
I handle none but the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. -Mynew catalogue w; Ll be cat tree on ap-
plication. Also Wholesale Dealer in
Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.
STATE AGENT FOE
J. E, Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fertilizers.
GUAItANTEED ANALYSIS.-CcorrI.r'-lL OranrE 'ITr''e sd Ve-g-rable Fc-rt Il! 7er, Pure Ground
Bone, Muriate of P .aru,.n. S ipliac,- P ta.-h, N ,race Sno.l, Kiar lt(, Ecc.
Pri c es on Applicertion --
SITELT, POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS. FIGS. PLUMS, KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS.
sen. i t,.r 'c-i.i.r. C'.r,_ir crvo tl ns hor h-iAI.r7 o Pea.ch tC ,cltreLn Fio ii d an' Ihints as"
t0 J. P. DePAMS, Arcber, Fla.
Well tested andapproVed: .[rht i ofthe ORANGE and LEMON -and .tb.r Cirus Frail.
A I. PEA. 1-ICS. P.AR.. .-=, the _ELEY PLUM. PE- SI&MONS, GUTAVAS. L0QtTA'I5.
POMLIGPAN.AiES, BAN ANA$, PECANS and, G(R-iPE. vlNE, FkicriuJa grown. o welltknQwn
v a r i-c.=[,4- i i ud c. ,- i r,.,1 i, thbe eIud aid ilmh ce ,:.l Flnri3,a.
S,-n.ujkr a,ra..(runt,. 0. R. THACHE-IL Ma nager.
iS:in Mateo, Fla.
The Leading Vanrieties of' Orange. Lemon and Peachi Trees. -
Washi ngtor Na.ri Or.h:.;' a -p..io-ltv. rne New Orangp. -EVERBEARI'G." Orange
vrvrr i.vnIi iib rh Y taar. Peen-[,. Bilw,-U. P1ikaz and Hc.n, -;Pea, a rc. A t oarge ktik. ck,. Eels.,e
antd ,'-.hr :',riet,.:" ,a Japisn Plum. .hii.:iuaig cLe "BLO(O fbPLUM OF SAArstuMA" and the
"EA 2LY SWEEI PLUM." TIhe, ,w .Jiparjs6 O)rang.. I.., Ubn anl Cant,:,n H.y.ri, White
A.lr;,Ei,.r .',d F-,nuDilihg Fe,., Par. Pcr6,mimone, i.rapc. ere. A la'rte eo.; ,f Snlide, Av-,nue
and Orman enuc il r: R e- VD,, Ir[,?,, t _.
ril, f'r IIIucir,-i.d Cariit-11 C, c-.1n&aLnrnx, b:, |de' rhi ab-)v.v, decrlcript ns rc, aUi -ciea Od and a
gie-i niano anyai fridi and ',rai'atiiiial ltre,: 6a.iap[-d [c. Flird,,
H:. L. WHEATLEY.
IOD AND LUNG DISEASES.
CLIRE, C.:,l mtu.i, Kars.,
Syou in No-emncr, ltl-,
Jcc. beiig affUCiEd w-t
oubie, and female we-ak-
d to use Dr. Pe'rc-'s
s(covervy. Favorite Pre-
s. I uscd one botUe
' fivee of the "rccscov-
Peli.-t.' My [ healt b.:-
ii,:ine, and my srengtjh
eared. i can work hard
stand it weU; and whce
y walk a(:cross the r,:,m,
dJd ever feel well aain.
Although she s13 a little
rhivT. I i-ve your remni-
Altamonte, Orange County. Florida.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. OCTOBER 26, 1.887.
DIRECIO1NtS '.WIT.H .ILLUaTRATIONS
.FOR MAKING A ROLLER.
I- importance of Careful Preparation of
Soil In Wheat Culttre-Hlow ti Save
Seed Corn-A Staff That Insures Safety
Ju Handling Bulls.
The subject of horns on cattle has been
. very much discussed of late, and it has
been proven in many cases that they are
expensive appendages. This is frequently
S. dc-monsrrated in'the handling of bulls. It
oft.e-n occurs that even a pet bull will be-
come enraged a6d inflict serious injuries
when led only h-a-fring in the nose.
A BOLL STAFF.
.In the accompanying figure is shown a
device voldched for by a Rural New
Yorker 'correspondent, who claims that
-with it the handling of horned animals is
comparatively safe. If thb chair, from
any cause should come loose, a weapon of
defense is still inthe leader's hands. Take
a long fork handle,, rivet, an iron strap
over it with six or eight inches of light
chain attached, to which fasten a good
malleable harness snap. Put the snap in
the nose ring and the animal can be led
-without the rope if so desired.
Howto Make'a Good- Roller.:
The importance of a good roller on the
farm is too well known and appreciated
-to require comment. It is often -. ques-
tion, however, how to secure onep. The
following descripition, therefore, of a home
made roller by a correspondent in Indiana
Farmer will be welcome to many readers:
;" Fro. 1-A GOOD ROLLER.
Cut three log IS 1 inches in diameter
3 feet 2 or 4 inches long; around each
make a frame. Set two rollers end to
enu.d, with a space of about 7 or S inches
Sb:tween them; make your tongue so high
Slith.',t the piece across the end it. will be
abut 8 inches longer than it is from the
middle of one rnime to the middle of the
.other; about 4 inches from each end of-
said cross piece bore a 5-8 inch hole, and
with the same bit bore in the center of
each frame, both front and back. Now
wltien the t-o.-ue is raised level with the
frames, the holes through the cross piece
in the end of tongue will correspond with
those in the centers of the two frames,
front; slip a washer about an inch in
thickness between the frames and said
cross piece,: and bolt them with 6-8 inch
(C- I3vn -'^^ g^^is'
FIG. 2-A GOOD ROLLER.
Now make a bar-(c) the samine length of
the cross piece on the end of the tongue,
.bore a 5-8 inch hole in each end, same
distance apart as in cross piece (b) and. it
will corurE pond with the holes in the cen-
ter of the two frames, back; slip an inch
washer 'between said bar and said frames
and bolt nwth 5.8 inch bolt. Now you
have a roller to roM corn, or a deal fur-
row, or a ridge, only the tongue is "ir-
- bher" or weak. To remedy this, fashion a
piece something like the half of a wagon
hound, faster that part that. would be
trout in hounds, just behind the double-
trees- on the tongue iap, Fig. 2. It will
the-n arch or raise above the rollers, and
should,-extend twenty inches or. two feet
back of the bar that connects the two
frames back; fasten a support from. said
bai up to -aid hound, place a seat on said
hound where the weight of the driver will
balar.,, the tongue, and you have a roller
Ili-at w'ill 1--:U the two insides of a ditch or
the outsides of a ridge. Fasten the third
roller by a coupling pole twenty inches or
two feet long to the middle cof the bar
that --one--ts the two tront rcllers to-
gether, and it will roll che space left be-
twecen th- two itront on,-s.
The Cabbage Worn.
The cibL,.a-c 'wo mI hnas nt been visibly
affectol .by the hard thLin'.; c-id against'
-him, nor ha,.,e the nunmr,:-us surecure
remedies sensibly affected his appetite,
Peter Hende:r,-,-n siuge-tis the application
Sof alum witer, --ne pound of pulverized
S alumr t three gati-ons o. wi.ter. Thiswill
Snot iijur, the plant and may kill the
worm. Pyrsturum, either in powder or
solution, is effective. The great difficulty
: is to get any preparationa oi', lh,: norm_,
mind to iepeat the appli-:ation as often as
the SCue.:iive brods hatc-U out.
According.to Bradstreet's theNew York
hop crop will be about one-half of a for-
mer average, but the 'Pacific coast prom-
ises larger yield.
-The tofnato crop is- almost a failure in
The manner in which wheat is sown Is
of vital importance, for its influence is felt
to a great extent right on to the harvest-
Ing of thecrop. Anall important, matter is
the thorough preparation of the seed bed.
That it pays to carefully prepare the soil
for wheat has been proven time and
again, and yet not one field in ten is prop-
erly stirred and pulverized before the
seed is sown. Remember that it is Im-
possible in the care of wheat to make the
soil too mellow or too fine. A-l work
done in this direction is amply paid for by
the future crop.
It also pays to-,
even dropping and covering of the seed,
and is a saving of seed. Avoid the use of
foul or imperfect seed; it is a waste of
time, labor and land to sow wheat that has
not been carefully screened and winnowed
to free it from foreign and imperfect seed.
In sections where smut is likely to appear
avail yourself of such preventive mea.s
ures as treating the seed to brine or a so-
lution of vitriol.
Each farmer must decide in great meas-
ure the question as to what variety of
wheat, to sow. It Is not a safe plan'to
make an entire change in any one season,
and especially where the previous yields
have proven fairly satisfactory. A hafe
rule is to sow the soil devoted to the main
crop in somo well tested whea-it in your
own locality, and experiment with prom-
ising new sorts on a small scale. A bushel
of good, clear seed, drilled in, is considered
an ample quantity for one acreby many
farmers. The usual rule is from one
bushel to five pecks, drilled in, and about
one-half bushel more sown broadcast.
Saving Seed Corn. ..
The importance of saving seed corn by
caretul selection has been preached from
time to time out of date, and repeated ex-
periment has proven the necessity for care
in the storing of the corn selected for
seed. In sections where short seasons
prevail early varieties are desirable, hence
earliness ought to.be promoted even in
sorts already early by selecting such from
stalks that first ripen their ears. The im-
portance of choosing fair-sized, well-de-
veloped ears, taken from stalks which
bore at least two ears, is apparent to every
one who has given the subject any
In the selection of seed corn too. much
care cannot be exercised in keeping a
well-established and desirable variety
pure. It should be borne in mind that
two sorts crowing within a quarter of a
mile o-f one another are liable to mix,
hence it is not- wise to save .seed. from
such corn.- .
There does not appear to be any safer,
easier or better mode of saving corn for
seed than the old time one of pulling back
and braiding the husks of twenty or more
ears together, and then hanging these
braided strands from the rafters of a corn
house, a smoke house, the attic or other
dry place. The corn must be kept dry
and out of the reach of rats and mice. It
is a wise plan to select only the perfectly
matured ears for seed; these dry more
quickie arid are not so liable to mold.
Not a few farmers always plan to hang
their seed corn between the rafters of
their smoke houses, believing that, in ad-
dition to the dry :atmosphere there found,
the sanioLe that permeates the kernels acts
as a preventive to insect pests after the
seed is planted. -
T : he Hessian Fly.
There are two broods of the Hessian fly
brought to perfection each year, one in
the tail andi one to trie spriug. The ma-
ture female mn.ect deposits its ee-gs upon
the leaves of the young plant soon, after
these appear above ground. As soon as
the egs harc-h the young worms make
their way down the leaf to its base, where
they remain bev weenr it and the stem near
the ruot-i. It r,-luires several weeks for
the larva to attain full size. Its skin then
is hard and -brown, and, to the unaided
-eye, the insect, pr-s.ents the appearance of
:a small flaxseed. In this con-iition it re-
mai-s until spring, when the fly comes
forth and lays its epcs, and so the opera-
thon is repeated. The preventive meas-
ures that. have from time to time been de-
vised by -cientists and practical farmers
may be briefly told as f,:oliJows:
SSow a parr. of the wheat early,-and if
affected by the fly put in the rest of the
seed after Sept. 20. The idea is that by
destroying the first, brood the second will
not appear. : .
Partially affected wheat is sometimes
saved by the use of fertilizers'- and care-
ful cultvation, and if winter wheat, the
fields may be recuperated in the spring.. ,
Many of the eggs and larva may be de-
stroyed by pasturing with sheep and close
cropping- of -.inter wheat in November or
early Decemije-r. Some claim that roll-
ing the ground will answer nearly as
Another remedy is to sow hardy varie-
ties of wheat, especially those that tiller
Lime, soot and salt are named as
special remedies, 'and it is also very gener-
ally recommended to rake off the stubble.
Objections are, however, urged by scien-
tists against too close cutting and burning
of the stubble, as this is liable to result in
destr,:yns useful parasites, the ichneu-
mnion fly among the rest. It hasbeen esti-
mated thrit these parasites (which, by the
by, farmers often mistake for the pests)
destroy at least nine-tenths of all the
Hessian flies hatched.
. -- Keeping C-ider Sweet.
There is no process known that will.
keep cider sweeet without deteriorating its
quality somewhat, but there are various
methods for arresting fermentation and
preventing it from becoming sour. Pro-
fessional cider makers -sometimes use
Shaw's Antiseptic Solution; others, who
prefer to avoid patented articles, employ
sulphite of lime, which is added after fer-
mentation has proceeded until the cider
has acquired the acid taste desired. The
powder is first mixed in a quart or so of
cider and then poured into the cask and
thoroughly shaken. Do not mistake sul-
phate of lime for sulphite of lime; the latter
is the correct article.
T. V. Munson has been re-elected pres-
ident of the Texas Horticulture society:
,,f m a in! manner was Imperative. He was a.mas-
4 aSl iV a at terfiul man, a man who always got what
5 b he wanted; if he desired a thing, he said
he should have it, and he got it. The his-
A LTT RD A oy that foUows, however, is that, of a
AL f WOLD A WAR t haung which he desired vehemently and
Sdid not get. Another v-isitor, and the
S" only other friend of the family, was the
'By WALTER BESANT, rector of Rusdoo, the Rev. Benjamin
.- --- .. Burden.
Author of "Shepherds All and Raideus Fa.,"- Rousdon parish contained a population
"By Celias Arbor," The Golden Btrt.-rtly f eleven souls, six of whom came from
etC., etc. Rousdon Farm. Its yc-arly value was
35. There was also a house with a bit
CHAPTER I. of glebe land. The house was a cottage;
INROUSDON BY. t he gl-be land was a garden cultivated by
There are not many places in England the rvetor himself. He had an orchard,
thee apples Of whh he I sdld for cider, a
which are more beautiful than Lyme fruit and vegetable garden, two or three
Regis, the place where my own childhood pigs, snome for-Ls, aud sometimes, the gift
was spent. You have long hill slopes,cov- of his cLIhurch wivarden, some ducksL. He
ered with orchards and hanging woods; was a bachelor and lived entirely a:-ne in
you have broad valleys, in which are bis cottagr- His church was. a barn with
peaceful hamlets and yellow corn fields; a that,.bhel rtc.f, kept from filing down
yoi have open spaces on windy bill tops, by Dan and the boys. The c-l-. pen-a were
where tall thistles are crowned with worm eaten; the pulpit was tottering; .the
swiged bails of feathered spray, ready fo broken windows were repaired with oiled
be blon'u tothe fourcorners of the earth by paper: the covers were dropping off the
thc carrier winds; you have chalk downs, c-Lurcli Bible and prayer book; his sur-
wtih bare turf, and here and there a bright phce was in rags; there was no church
-trout stream, where you may see the plate; and the one weekly service was a
quick eyed water -rat, or even catch a duet between himself and Dun, who was
glimpse of an ,tter; you have straight, and at once his clerk and his church warden.
sturdy cliffs, looljirn out upon the waste The old rector wore a wig on Sundoys; on
of waters, you have here and there a little other days he tied up his headline m a hand-
por, with its little town; and .7ou have, as kerchief; he never forgot his cloth or went
theo towering glory and splendor of the without a cassock, though that garment
whliole, the undereliff, with its brackrn was in rags; he had the dignity c-f his
fields ani grassy knolils heaped one above profession, though he hadil forgotten all
the other, backed by the craas and faced hs learning, ceased to take any delight in
by the sea, telling of fallen rocks and un- books, and was nothing but a garden'-r, a
dermining waves, rustic and a peasant priest.
My name, when I was a child and ran Our house, at the hack of which lay the
mild nmorna th-ee wonders, learning every farm yard, was a good sized six roomed
day to tcel their beauty more, was Pleas- house, with a thatched roof. Thie win-
ance Noel. There are plenty of Noels in dowa in the front looked out upon Rous-
Dorsetshire, but none of my kin in Lyme. don bay, which lay about eighty feet. be-
Nor do I know how I came to be born low us. They opened on hinges, and the'
there, uor anythine- .,bout my mother,who small prnes, many of which were bulW's
died when I was boru; nor much ab,-ut eyed. were set in heavy Iladen frame-s.
my fath,.r. who was a ship carpenter by There was a great porch, beside which
rnnk and calling. I w-as born, I believe, flourished the finest fuchsia tree-ten feet
In the ycar Vou- thousand seven hunlried- high anul ten feet across-that ever was
and eightv-seven. I never bad a birthday, seen.: There was ,a sloping garden in
because no one cured to remember such an front, where I'grew beans, peas and cab-
insignriycant circumstance as the birth of bages, with all kinds of simple flowers.
Sa sailor's chill My father went down iu We were quite rich people When the
eighty-nine on board the Invincible, which distress was deep all over the country we
founderedinaheavy ale off Ji maica, with felt none. We hved comfortably; there
all hands except 'two or three. These was no pinching, no talk of economies. I
mana:ied to get to land, or to be picked was well dir-ssed and well cared for;.the
up, I forget whi.-h, andl told the dtsastrous boys had all they wanted. :
Dan Gulliver came:fto my help, being al- -..<
ways the most kind hearted of mn-n, and, 6-\ I e .
besides, a friend of tmy father's. Helive(' .ita
at Roiis'd,-,n, which is three iedes. and a .
h.ilf fri:-m Lyme, being then a widower ., -"'-
with two boys living,; two or, three years ,l i -., l .= -
tiller tan 'myself.
Th--re rre good many-Gullivers inDor- 4"
setshire, as well as Noels.- When.I first ---.-. i D i
i-i-i "Guluiver's Trav-els,"itwas:he more -
r:,il t-:, nie, because I w-as sure that the
honest captain muist have come from my j '/
part of the country, and I was equally -
sure that in appearance he greatly resem--
bl-1t Dan. -
Nobody, except hisgsons, ever called him -
anTtbi;nii :else but- Dan. Not Mr. Gulh- :
ver, c(.ir Daniel Gulliver, but plain Dan. "-- s_
As early as I can remember him he had -, -
gray hair. He was a man of middle "" .,,'
height and strong build, with immense o. u esdon Bay
hauds, he had a face covered all. over : .. .
wV.Ith crtn-' foot wrinkles and. it had Now, the most remarkable thing con-
the k-nuLbest and gentlest expression corning Dan, his two sons and Joshua
that can dwell upon human c,-untenance; Meech, his nephew, was that th(.ir hands
hj l-lt -i.u,- eyes re. ted upon one when were always brown with tar. There was,"
-se p.k.- as if he l.,v.d t,0, lo.-Lok upOn his besides, smell oC things connected with
fr--id; tce was as incapable of thjkin-ror boats always Irngering about his house;
aBpcakir 7 erd as ot doing it Therefore he: and though fishing nets were. constantly
w v -rrvhry-.dv's friend. I suppo-e he spread over the garden or on the beach,
knew very little of evil, living as he did .-there was very little -fishing done. -
upon his seaboard farm, as remote from Dan, -farmer though he was, dressed
the world.and as little su s pic ious of dan- habitually as a boatman. On Sundays
ger as did those, poor men :of Laish, who min the summer he wore white ducks, a
"dwelt after the manner of th e Zdomans, blue jacket with brass buttons andastraw
quiet and secure."- j hat, just as if he was a navy man. On
His estate consisted of a patrimonial other days he wore great boats,. a simple
ten, acre slip", lying chiefly along the cliff, blue shirt and a tarpaulin. Down in the
It was a poor piece of land, which grew bay there were three boats. One of these
scanty crops, hardly worth'the trouble of was a safe, heavy built fishing smack.
cultivation; but it gave occupation to the Dan called her the "Chace Mary." It
two boys, Job and Jephthah, and to the was a good many years before I learned
one' farm laborer whom we employee, to recognize in this name the French
Isaac Agus; Dan himself looked after the chasse maree. Dan picked her up one
boats, of course. If the land was poor, night abandoned in the channel His ex-
the farm house and yards showed every perience decided her origin and her name.
sign of prosperity. There were pigs The boys and Joshua used now and then
which grunted in the sties or roamed to go out fishing in her, bringing home in
about the yards, grubbing among roots the morning a ich cargo of bright and
with philanthropic resolve to waste no beautiful fish. We kept the best for our-
time in becoming good pork; fowls which -selves, and the rector never failed to come
laid eggs and chuckled over them; ducks for his tithe of John .Dory, bass, hake,
which drove broods of little soft yellow pilchards or mackerel. The rest went to
balls, which might have been cocoons had Lyme to be sold.
they not been live things, into the pond; The boat which lay beside the Chace
geese, on the waste of land, which cackled Mary was of a very different build. She
to each other encouragement tO get fat would be called now-though her lines
come Michaelmas; and there were -the would no longer find favor-a fifteen ton
most generous of cows in the matter of yacht, sloop rigged. I do not know where
milk. The dairy where Mrs. Agus and Dan bought her; she was long and nar-
I made butter was always full of cream row.; she was decked; she carried any
and milk; there were hay ricks, plows, amount of canvas, and she was, as Dan
flails, carts, harrows and all the signs of oftenboasted, the very fastest boat-in the
successful cultivation, channel. She was called the Dancing
The twin lboys, Job and Jephthah, were, Polly.
like their father, of middle height, with Haedup on the beach was a ittle
broad shoulders and big hands; they were dingy, gay with bright paint, and pro-
as exactly like each other as a pair of vided with a neat lug sail and a sprit sail
Chinamen; but when you came to live in and a pair of sculls. She belonged to me,
the house, you learned gradually to dis- but was, of course, always at the service
tinguish certain little differences not appa- of the- firm.
rent to strangers. Outside the farm no one For, not to delay any longer a cozies-
knew Jephthah from Job, and addressed sion which must sooner or later be made,
either at random as Job or Jephthah. They we were all of us smugglers by trade, and
had blue eyes, like their father, light farmers by pretense. The ten acres of
brown hair and a gentle way, which they barren cliff land could never have kept us
inherited. But they exaggerated the pa- all during those hard times, even in a
ternal characteristics. His gentleness be- poor way- We were a gang of smugglers.
came, with them, slowness; his taci- Dan was the head of the firm, by heredi-
turnity became absolute dumbness. tary succession. His two boys were part-
The most frequent visitor was Joshua ners by the same right. Joshua Meech
Meech, Dan's nephew. He was a miller was a partner by grace and free gift of
at Up Lyme. When I was sixteen he Dan. I, Pleasance Noel, was an accom-
must have been about six and twenty- police, aider, and abettor.
.some seven years older than the boys. In the reign of great George the Third
He, too, was strongly built and well pro- it was as impossible to make people be-
portioned, but he had the other Dorset- heve that smuggling was. wrong as to
shire face-not that of the Gullivers. make a rustic believe in the wickedness of
Everybody knows that there are two faces knocking over a hare in the field. To
in D--rl,,:-thir.---rh.-r with blue eyes and evade the duty was meritorious. Then
-c-wa iir, a. a ,mu n face, and that with there was the romance about the trade;
dark hair and dark eyes, an oval face; perils surrounded it on every side across
sometimes very beautiful, but sometimes the water you might be caught by the
forbidding and harsh. Joshua's face had French authorities, and kept in prison, or
?0 it+T. -hfrnppr F~i pvs WTB on even shot as a spy; or you might be picked
the latter character. His eyes were too eve s as n spy ; or you mightbpc
close together; his expression was threat- : .pb ..Fec.rvaer r o ih
eniag; his chin too long an.d square; hi -e ut -out by a revenue c~utter; or you
might, be arrested while landing your
cargo. These things were considered, and
went to make a daring smuggler a sort of
hero. Lastly, all the country side stood
in with him. It was he -who- brought
over the best French brandy, packages of
lace, boxes of gloves, or of perfumes; he
was the provider of otherwise unattain-
able liuries; he wasa public benefactor.
In no county inn couid you get such
spirits as came oat of the illicit kegs;
when a landlord had any, he would whis-
per its recommendation to a guest; the
squires bought it, the magistrates bought
it, the revenue officers bought it, the
clergy. bought it; no -one too good, too
highly placed, too scrupulous, to buy it. A
fine and flattering perfume of universal
gratitude perpetually soothed the soul cf
Dan Gulliver; the sense of a heroic repu-
tation added dignity to a life which, if
spent only ou the tfarn, would have been
certainly monotonous, and probably igno-
Gratitude among the people naturally
took the snap of complicity. It some-
times happe-ned that Dan's carts-those
innocent carts laden with poultry, vegeta-
blis or fish, which Jub or Je.phthah drove
into Lyiun--were stopped and searched.
One tiouldl think that Dan was regularly
warned, because nothing was ever found
in them. If the revenue cutter chanced
to look in at Rousdon bay, the DarncinJ
PolyU was lying at anchor without the
least sign o.f an intended run, and Dan
would be caiking the Chace Mary or
mending fshing nets or painting the
dingy, with grave face and a twinkle in
With a fast boat like the Dancing
Polly, with four such handy boatmen ai
the crew who. manned her, the chief dan-
cer was that of landing the cargo. It
was desirable to know before the run
w-here the revenue cutt-r was, this inf.t'-
miation was got by myself, or by one of
the bj.-.ys, from the boatmen of the cove
at Lymne or from the fishermen of Beer.
She might have been heard.of at Wey-
imoath or she might be lying in Bridport.
Once when we thjuaht. she wa,. away up
the Solent, she came out of Lulworh
cove and chased Dan for three long days,
sio that he only gut away without throw-
ing his carg,-, overboard by the swiftness
of his heclk and the. providential interpo-
siti'n of fa fog. We had to get, news from
Weymouth, from Swanage, Poole, Lym-.,
ington and Yarmouth in the west, as
from Beer, Sidmouth, Ladram bay and
Dartmouth. The revenue cutter once
ascertained to be out o:f the way, there
was little or no danger of interference
-from any of the shore going folk.
When all seemed safe vs regards the
excise and a run was resolved on, it-was
-brave to se.? the little craft, wi-th Dan at
the "helumji,"' Job and Jephthah in the
bows and Joshua 'rimidihips, beating her
way out of the little narrow bay straight
out into. the iolacknes,' beyond--to*r Dan
never started except at night: and when
thererwas a moonless sky. I woul.l -_tend
on the beach, Athe wind- blowing my hair
about and 'the spray flying 'into my face,
to. get the last sight of the gallant boat.
Then I -would go home and- stay. there
quite alone _until they returned, in a
couple c-f days or so, laden v.ith the
braoily in Les. I never had any fear o:r
them. Dan knew every inch of the
French and English coasts; he could steer
blindfold; he could find Rousdon bay in
the blackest night; he was not afraid, in
his tight little craft, of any reasonable .
weather, provided only that when he
landed there were no revenue men waiting
to capture the hero of a hundred runs. I
Dan was always a sailor, in manner
and dress; Job and Jephthah played two
parts: when they wore corduroys and a
smock they were farm laborers, and
slouched in their gait, lifting their feet
heavily and swinging their shoulders, as
those do who go much upon clay; when
they were on board they dressed like boat-
men and they rolled like sailors. Joshua,
on the other hand, played three parts. As
a miller, he had the reputation of being
grasping and greedy of gain, but honest in
his dealings. In this capacity he was al-
ways floury, like his men; and had it not
been for the tar upon his fingers, you
would say he had never smelled salt
water. As a sailor, he was as daring as
Dan,-almost as skillful, and as hard to
yield as Job and Jephthah. But he had
a third character, which he reserved for
Saturday evening and Sunday. Then he
dressed himself in a black coat and be-
came a primitive Methody; one of a cer-
tain very small body so styled by them-
selves, who met in a chapel about twelve
feet square, and took turns to preach and
pray. His Methodism-has nothing to do
with my story, except to show the mas-
terful character of the man. He would
be a leader; he wanted people to think as
he told them, and he could only do this in
a dissenting chapel. Dan, who accepted
the authority of the Rev. Mr. Burden and
the church,was, in his way, as religious as
he was honest. There is nothing, he fre-
quently argued, against smuggling, either
in Bible or Prayer Book. At the four
great festivals of the church he received
the sacrament; he slept every Sunday af-
ternoon over "Holy Living and Dying,"
and he kept, as I have said, the roof on
the parish church.
It was among these people that I spent
the first seventeen years of my life. Such
education as I had was given me by the
rector at odd moments. I could read, but
had few books, and those I knew by heart.
They were Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Prog-
ress," "Robinson Crusoe" and one or two
more. Writing I learned by slow de-
grees; my spelling has never, I own, been
correct, nor can I understand the fuss
which is made about that accomplish-
ment. If the writer's meaning is clear,
why object to the omission or the addi-
tion of a letter or two? There was little
encouragement to literature in Rousdon
Farm. Job and Jephthah had learned,
like myself, to read and write; but as
they never practiced either art and sup-
plemented memory only by chalk marks
on the cart, I suspect they had forgotten
both. Dan regarded writing as useful for
commercial purposes and reading on the
Sunday as an aid to devotion. In respect
to other uses there were instances which
he had heard of where a passion for books
actually led the victim, by imperceptible
degrees, to the gallows. Certainly in i
those years there were many, many roads i
to thlat dismal tree.
Water at High Pressure.'
Green Bay, Wis., is supplied with water
from artesian sources, the water being
soft enough for washing. It comes from
a species of very soft sand rock, through
which the drill went several inches at a
stroke when the well was put down. The
water emerges at the surface under a
pressure of forty pounds to the square
inch, and it is alleged that if a hose were
connected directly with the well a stream
could be thrown over a two story build-
ing without the intervention of any pump-
ing machinery.-Chicago News.
Not Utterly Bad.
"Yes," said the old salt, concluding his
yarn, "we drifted about for more 'n a
month, an' our provisions gin out. It was
Bill eat me or I eat Bill, so I eat Bill, an'
jest as I'd finished the last of him I was
"I would commit suicide before doing
that," said a listener.
"Mebbe you would. I ain't a wery re-
ligious man, but shiver my whole lumber
yaid if old Jack's wicked enough for
that. "-New York Sun.
The honey production the present sea-
son is reported generally to be a poor one.
The experimental work at Houghton
farm, Orange county, N. Y., has been
I did not read much, my dudes at home .
were soon got through, the rest of hy -
tiema I spent upon the water, alone or with
Dan and on the Undercliff. In the even-
ig there was sewing. But all day long
and aU the ylar' round, rain or sunshine, N
I was in the open air, gathering flowers
in the Hl-imbush fields, climbing among
the bracken under the Pinhay cliffs, sing-
ing aUl alone in the woods upon the hill-
s8i'es, out npon the sea in the dingy, or
in summer ibathingi and swimming where
the rocks hid me from casual eyes which
never chanced to pass that way. It was
a lonely place, facing a l1'nely sea; few
ships ever sailed across that great bay '
save the heavy craft which brought coal
from Wale., or the coasters which traded
from port. to port, or the fishing craft from
Lyme and Beer. I had the sea all to my-
self when I put out in the dingy, ran up
the little sail aud sat in the steru., tiller in -
one h'Rnd and rope in the other, while the
boat lshpped through the short crisp
waves. with a murmrnous whish, leaving
its little white track behind, while my :
fancy ran riot, and I had visions such as
come to the young and iunnocent of a
golden and imppuiiible future, lying among:
figures indistinct and misty. .-
As for the times we were .always at
war. i During the whole of my childhood,
:and for a go-iol many years afterward, the
talk na nall of war For five-and-twenty
years England was fighting. On the
south coast the war might at any moment
become mnc-re than a rumor; there was no
reason whby a French privateer should not
croes over and do what mischief shecould.
Every day, before breakfast, we al sol-
erminly looked out to sea-Dan with his
glass-to see if an -enemy was hovering
over the coat, and once we saw a naval
action. The Frenchman was a privateer;
the Englishnain a brig of war carrying
twelve g-ins. They ran side by ide for a
while, rinia incessartiy, tue Englishman
gradually reducing the distance. At last
they came to close quarters, and our men
hoarded her. Oh, what a sight! It was
too f,-r, off for us tc. see the horrors of bat,- .
tie--he dead and wounded; but we could.
make out, wheu the smoke cleared away,
that. thle union jack was run upwhere the
French flag had been flying, andDan sol-
ein'ily, with tears in his eyes,, thanked the
God cof victory. It was a brave and gal-
lant action; they made the commander of
the'brig a tirst lieutenant for it; then they
sent him ,out to Jamaica, where they for-
go t him aIltogether, although hedid plenty
of other thirn.' quite a9c g-',od. This was
the way they used to ti-eat our brave sail-
ors.: Thirty years afterward lie came
home, it, ll a fist- lieutenant, and bald, by
reason of the many men who had climbed
up over his head.
Heavens!-how brave our men were, and
what flebhts they fought! They cut out
French --hips under the guns cof their own
batt-ries. They engaged vessels double
their own weight; whenever they saw an
oeney:," 'hip theyattacked-her. Tho papers
were full of naval actions, which were al-
ways victories. I never saw -the papers,
but I heard the news whenever Dan came
back from Lyme. Bonaparte was going
to invade England, and made enormous
pi,'aratiUns, the whole country took up
arnia, young and old; the war fever pos-
sessed the British bull dog. There was
no fear in-our hearts, nor: any hesitation.
Looking back upon that time, I can only
feel that surely none other than the hand
of God was upon us; how else could we,
fighting against such odds as never any
othier-nation encountered, have fought so
bravely, and finished the struggle with so
much honor? -
Making Buttons Out f Bilood.
The country is learning to utilize waste.
Making buttons of blood is in this direc-
tion. There is a large factory in Bridge-
port, near Chicago, employing about 100
men, boys and girls, in which waste ani-
mal blood is converted into buttons. The:
same firm has another large factory else-
where.. A man named Hirsch was the
first to introduce the business' in this
country some years ago. He lost $16,000
the first six months, but stuck to it, and
now he is immensely wealthy. There are
a number of similar factories in England.
From 8,000 to 10,000 gallons of blood are
used in the Bridgeport factory every day.
Nothing but fresh beef blood is used.
Considerable of the blood evaporates
during the process of drying, but what
remains is pure albumen. Some of it is
light in color and some dark, according to.
the chemical treatment given it. These
thin sheets of dried blood are then broken
up, and are ready to be worked into vari-
ous shapes and sizes. Large quantities of
the blood sheets are used by cloth manu-
facturers for "setting" the color in calico
goods. Not only are buttons made from
blood in this way, but tons of earrings,
breastpins, belt clasps, combs and trinkets
are made annually there from blood. It
is a queer, odoriferous business, but a
paying one.-Philadelphia Bulletin.
FLORIDA FARMER ANt) FRUIT. GROWER. OCTOBER 26. 1887.
State News in Brief.
-Pensacola isto hhve a shoe factory.
-DeLand will soon have electric lights.
-Cane grinding and sugar boiling are
S -Over i100 vessels are engaged in
Florida's sponge fishing.
-The Methodist college at Leesburg
has forty.eight pupils.
-Barlow has erected $60,000 worth of
brick buildings tI his year.
S -Work on the artesian well at Lees-
burg will commence October 20.
-The farmers ot Brad ford county have
raised an immense rice crop this year.
-Macclenny is agitating for an ice
factory and cold storage warehouse.
-The new Methodist college at Or-
S. ange City opened last week with 75
-The Plant steamship Olivette will
leave New York for Key West 'on the
24th inst. : .
S-A thirteen-year old :grove at Sat-
suma produced 8,800 -boxes of oranges
last.year. .. -:
Orange trees in some portions 'of the
Indian River country are -blooming
again. ;- -,I : ,
-By a recent trip of the Mascotte 116
bales of tobacco from Havana reached
-It is said' that a $75,000 hotel will be
erected at 'New Smyrna the coming
-Lake City, by March 1, 1888, will
Shave a $10,000 water supply and an. elec-
- trick light system. .
'-The beef canning factory at Fort
'Ogden will add from 60 to 100 families
to the town. '. i
-Female students will .be received at
the East Florida Seminary, at Gaines-
ville, this winter.
-Sugar cane fifteen'feet in height can
be seen in patches in DeSoto county.
and two'months yet to grow.
-More tobacco' will be planted in
SGadsden county next. year than at any
Time within the past twenty years.
-Orange county's immigration as-
sociation is thoroughly alive and not in
the least dismayed by the fever situation.-
-The Florida Shippers' Union. an or-
ganization in Lake and Sumter counties
for marketing oranges, has organized for
S -The Blue Springs, Orange City and
Atlantic Railroad is to be sold on the
first Monday in Novembe,: at comnmis-
--Lake Charm farmers are making
large quantities of crab grass hay this
fall. They are going to boycott the baled
article itf possible. ..
-Tobacco bids fair to ascend the
Throne and demand a joint reign with
King Cotton throughout the Sea-Island
belt of Florida.-Columbia County Citi-
-The Brevard County Commissioners
have decided to raise the amount of
* $1,000 for a county exhibit at the Sub-
Tropical Exposition at Jacksonville.
-The con missioners of Volusia county
have appropriated $1,30.1 for the purpose
of sending a county exhibit to the Sub-
Tropical. A soliciting committee will
endeavor to raise it to .13.X
-Mr. Luther Bryant brought us this
week a curiosity in corn. It consists of
'eleven well defined ears growing on one
stem, or one large well developed ear,
slirrounded by ten little ones,-Lakeland
-Several thousand acres of land have
been pa:d for by the syndicate this week.
To see checks of $3.100 and $3,'000 pass-
ing about for tobacco lands dazzles the
eyes of the average Gadsden county man.
-Bears are devastating the cane-fields
along the Banana and Happy-go-Lucky
.Creeks, Brevard county, and the com-
missioners offer $5 per head for all killed.
along the former and $'.50 per head for
those killed along the latter creek.
-The Tavares Herald says that Major
St. Clair-Abrams has organized a syndi-
cate which will buy the B. S., 0. C. & A.
Railroad and extend it to Tavares, where
it will connect with the F. R. & N. sys-
tem and the Florida Southern Railway,
and that the name will be changed to the
Tavares, Orange City and Atlantic Rail-
-A Miss Hall was taken with fever at
Tampa a day or two ago. and when it
was thought she could not recover, her
"intended" was sent for and they were
married, he standing lyhv her bedside dur-
ing the ceremony. She is better and it
,-is now thought she will recover. Ro-
nmance in the midst of pestilence.-San-
-A. :J. Wyman, of Archer, has made
the following showing of the expenses,
etc., of his three-fourths acre of cucum-
bers: Gross receipts. $;27.ti0; checks,
$451.60; crates, fertilizer, etc., $100;
net, $851. Add to this a crop of cow peas
andanother of English peas, and three
paying crops within the year show what
can be clone by an effort.
-Starke county's jail is to be a strong
and imposing brick structure, 23x82, two
stories high, with six cells 7x10 feet
each, one cell to 'be entirely lined with
heavy plate iron. Each cell to be sup-
:plied with water works. Floor, made of
heavy granite rock ; the hall to be five
feet wide, and so constructed t hat prison-
ers can be safely allowed free exercise
-Tobacco has opened a new and
profitable source of revenue. We have
demonstrated that our soil produces an
article of weed that not only sells readily
but is sought after by tobacconists all
over the country. Large orders are pour-
ing .in from commercial centres for our
tobaccos and cigars. Our factories are
steadily enlarging their operation and
new ones preparing to open.' Next year
a tremendous acreage will be planted in
Columbia.-Lake City Reporter.
A SOUTH FLORIDA HOME.
Lakeside Gardens of Fruits,
Flowers and Vegetables.
Below are extracts from an interesting
account contained in the Highland
Press, descriptive of a visit to the home
of Mr. J. H. Foster, agriculturist writer
and industrial reformer:
It is often claimed that Florida is not
the place fora poor man. as many hare
an idea that nothing but oranges will
grow hIere, and to make a grove and
wait until it bears requires money. But
the world is 'fast learning that this
grand State can not only produce fine
oranges, but many other crops that are
being found very remunerative by those
who are engaging in them.
Six years ago Mr. J. H. Foster arrived
in Orange county and settled on a home-
stead in the Tangerine settlement. He
came here poor in pocket, having lost a
nice little fortune at the North. His
health, too, was very poor, which made
the struggle before him all the more
difficult. Now, in the tush of the sea-
son, often with from five to eight hands
to look after, he finds be can be on duty
from twelve to fourteen hoursevery day.
Nevertheless he claims to be the "laziest
man in Florida," despises work and
wants to get it all done up. He says he
often feels that if be had a proper part-
ner, or better still,several faithful work-
ers who were all partners in the place,
he would take a long rest. He has often
h[bought of inviting select few of those
who desire to come to Florida to make
homes, to dwell wilh him and work and
develop the place to its fullest extent,
sharing the result on a co-operative
basis, but has heretofore neglected to
form such an association of workers be-
cause he realizes that many persons who
are advocates of co-operation are not
workers, and certainly "none other need
apply," for where Mr. F. is at the helm
every one has to "rustle."
* ; 5 ** *
In the vegetable garden a fine crop of
cabbage has been raised, as well as a va-
riety of vegetables for the home table.
The cabbage patch was. fertilized with
"Hair Manure" at the rate of ohily $11
per acre. 'The strawberry patch, also
stimulated by this fertilizer, is a sight,
-and immense numbers of young plants
are growing, and w il be ready for set-
ting out a large plantation next, fall.
Mr. Foster. a few years ago, made,$400
off of one-third of an acre of strawber-
tries on thi- place, and can't forget how
handy the money came in those earlier
years of struggle, and so) wants to try it
again. ..... h
Productive .hills of watermelons, on
land where a crop of string beans was
raised only a few months previous, can
be seen. and when the melons are-gone
the same ground will be planted in cow
peas for hay, and in the fall probably
will be planted in turnips: thus can four
separate crops be taken from the same
piece of ground in one year. This gar-
den is near the shore ocf the lake, and por-
tions of it are only a few feet above the
water line. '
Near the vegetable garden we also
saw a nursery of flowering plants,
among others l,i..i) pl ints of the rose ge-
ranium. 7, .
The nursery of orange trees contains
stocks to the value of several thousand
dollars, and enough trees to plant one
hundred acres of grove. Many of these
trees are three years old from bud, and
some of them fruited a little in the nur-
We note a sweet potato patch doing
finely. This patch was planted as an ex-
periment. The : fertilizer was applied
broadcast in the fall after plowing the
land. Oats were then sown and all
worked in with a harrow. In February,
when- the oats :were a foot high, he
plowed "back furrows" in suitable
ridges, i. e., leaving the-soil-under the
ridge not plowed. Thus a ridge, with
all the fertilizer near the centre, with
"green stuff" init and a solid bottom is.
obtained. Results at digging time are
promised for our readers' benefit.,'-
From this point all the pasture fields
(seven in number), are in view, six of
them having water in them. They are
mostly native grass along the lake shores.
Three acres of Guinea grass, planted so
as to adjoin four of the fields, that it may
be cut and thrown over to the stock-
four cows, a "blooded" bull and three
head of young stock.
Altogether there are eight acres of or-
ange grove planted, and land ready at
the building site for the planting of fif-
teen acres more. Besides the orange
trees, there are many other fruits -being
cultivated, including 300 Kelsey Japan
plum trees-the coming fruit for profit
in Florida-and. several hundred per-
simmons which are to be budded to
Mr. F. intends to be independent of
baled bay, and has planted nine acres in
branching sorghum for winter use.
: :At long intervals, during exceedingly
high water, Lake Bertie is joined to the
other lakes through a valley, now a pas-
ture. Here is about ten acres that can
be converted into a fine garden lot, as it
is so'situated that it can be easily irri-
gated from the lakes, and, even in dry
weather, is always moist. '
FOUR ACRES OF TUBEROSES.
From the building site we see the:three
tuberose bulb plantations, in all about
five acres, where are planted nearly 150,-
000 bulbs. Most of these bulbs are
shipped to Northern dealers, who in turn
supply the English market with them,
while many plants are allowed to pro-
duce flowers which are shipped to North-
ern florists, and also used in the manu-
facture of perfume. As we passed near
the workmen planting tuberose bulblets,
we noticed the regularity of the system
they had adopted. A line is stretched
across the plantation and a workman
proceeds to make holes five inches deep
and eleven apart, in a straight line, with
a tool called a "plunger," the man stand-
ing erect, as it has a long handle. Two
men are dropping the bulblets in these
holes, and as they drop one they cover
the preceding one by a dexterous move-
ment of the foot .as they pass over it.
They aim to be as -hear the end of the
line'as possible when the phinger has
nearly completed a row. As the row is
nearly completed the plunger (I. e., the
man using the tool) sings out "Change,
change the line," and the droppe- who
is near the other end, jumps to his post,
and thus the line is changed very expe-
ditiously and the next row is proceeded
with Thus three men can plant fifteen
thousand bulblets in ten hours. Mr. F.
said that he had made 2.500 holes in one
hour, and bis son had made '17.,000 in
one day, besides assisting considerably
at the dropping. And then Mr, F. re-
lated how, some six years ago,' he had
earned his first $2 in Florida by working
two days for another party who was
then raising tuberose bulbs, and'how by
the system there in operation two men
planted 1,000 bulblets in ten hours.
while by Mr. F.'s system an average
day's work for each man at work is
5,000-ten times as much accomplished
with the same labor. We relate this as
illustrative of the character of the man.
If be could obtain a practical partner
who understood the perfume business
and would put up a small factory here,
he would go into the production of tube-
rose flowers and rose geranium leaves on
an extensive scale.
DE SOTO COUNTY; .
A Good Country for Invalids
and Industrious Settlers.
Editor Florida Farmer 'iid FPrit-Grower:
By an act of the last Legislature, Man-
atee county was divided, and the eastern
portion, from the range line dividing
22 and 23 to the Kissimmee River, was
formed into thecounty of DeSoto, which
embraces all the Peace River country.
Through this country runs the Florida
Southern Railway, and along which
many new towns have been established
during the past two years.
There are thousands of orange trees
now bearing, and in two more years Lbhe
number will be doubled. This crop of
oranges is fully as good as the last, and
some crops have 'ben sold at -three-
fourthis of a cent on tlhe trees, and they
are now being gathered for shipment.
This bespeaks good sales at home for the
A -great many are engaged in planting
vegetables,-but we- have not had rain
sufficient to make a good showing, and
never canii be very successful withoutirri.
nation, which is more essential than fer-
There is no disease among the. cattle,
and they are in- fine condition. The
Cuban market has not opened, and it is
doubtful if it will ever again be what it
has been in the past. What are con-
sumed in Key West and shipped by
rail to Charleston diminishes the num-
ber, yet the supply exceeds the demand.
and some other market must be found
to keep up with the amount raised.
There is certainly a great opening for
a beef canning factory, as good beef
cattle can be bought for $10 per head.
The range is good and there .are great
openings for ranches andfor improving
the- present stock, which is the sciub
stock that has heen driven from Georgia.
It costs but little to raise cattle, fifty
cents to mark and brand and fifty cents
to have them gathered for market. They
never have to be fed in winter, and the
range is free. Stock cattle are selling
for $4 or $5 per head.
Sheep also do well and increase rap-
idly; no wolves to'kill them, but occa-
sionally a worthless dog. As to hogs,
the old Florida razor back is nearly
played out. The cholera came near ex-
terminating them, which was more of a
blessing than a misfortune.
The lake region is now being settled
up. This is certainly a beautiful section.
The water of these lakes is as clear as
crystal and as pure as ever fell from the
heavens. The lands are high, well
adapted to the orange, and as healthy as
the Rocky Mountains. There-is no fear
of malaria. :
The citizens, of DeSoto county are
taking great interest in the SublTropical'
Exposition, to be held in Jacksonville,
and will 'have a good display of fruits,
vegetables, native woods, etc. The
many resources of this county are not
yet developed. There are great openings
for canning factories, saw and planing
mills and furniture factories.
SThe writer has a Florida lemon tree
that stood the freeze of '86, bore a fine
crop last year, and is now bent to the
ground with the weight of 8,000 or 4,000
lemons. The Sicily lemon was killed to
the ground, as also the guava, but both
have outgrown the effects, and have fair
crops this season.
Mr. Kreider. from Ohio, has a forty-
acre orange grove planted near Ogden,
also peach and other trees. They have
made a fine growth the past season, not-
withstanding it has been a remarkably
dry summer and still continues dry. To
grow vegetables successfully, irrigation
is needed more than fertilizers. There
is no difficulty in growing vegetables
with plenty of rain.
Though the writer is not partial to the
name of DeSoto, at the same time this
is the home of the orange. There need
be no fear of having a young grove
killed by cold, if we can judge from
precedents. In 186,8 and 1886, young
trees were only slightly damaged, and
the trees here will bear comparison with
any in the State. *They have bloomed
four months the past season, and the
fruit is now on the traces to prove the
assertion. Lands can now be bought at
reasonable prices and in lots to suit pur-
chasers. With a small capital, economy
and vim, a person can do well here.
F. C. M. BOGQBSS.
OGDEN CITY, Oct. 18, 1887.
Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Address MISS S. S. Jones,
* 179 GatesAve., Brooklyn, N. Y.
The folI16wtng table com'p0ed from the records
o0 the Jack-.ovril]e aignat Starion by Corporal
T. S.Towansend. represents the temperat-re, con -
dilt;oi of weather; rainfall and 'directon of wind
for the month of October, as ooserved st the
JacksonvIle e'Ltat Ion during the.past 1V years :
TE A R-3.
lb7T% 6 0 iS 1 13 e i a57 NE
1873 81 3 f" iii 1) 1in j 5 -.5 NE
I; 4 66 4v u9 It 1-3 4 .i0 NE
167. S6i 43 o It. II 1.1 4 NE
1878 i 493 66 1 4 1i 'S 2 NE
1877 8'. 50( 772 !, 2 9 8 75 NE
19;8 8 ifi w t It 14 6 41I 1E
1879 85 E2 74 4 IP I i' 1, NE
IsJi8 85 16 v- l ] S j. 13 1M NE
l1al 88 54 75 16 1 i I ; NE
1682 86 651 7' i ) 9 7 I O.S' NE
188:3 92 56 7 1" 1P2 7 7.2f NE
]w4 92i 1i 783 1 13 5 1.:12 NE
165 o85 419 6 I 11 14 i 36 NE
lbS- b7 41 4 9 13 1"2 l "2 4.1; NE
Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizerhas been used are
WILLIAMS, CLARK .& CO.
A Home in Florida.
Your attention is called to the offer of
a lot in Macedonia City, Lee county,
Florida, and a year's subscription to a
leading paper of the State. for $1. Mac-
edonia City is fifteen mile-s sottth of the
terminus of the Florida Southern Rail-
road at TrabUe, and overlooks the far-
famed bay of C.harlotte Harbor, the most
magnificent sheet of water in the South.
An unparalleled offer. Address, for
sample copy of paper and full particulars,
TBE EQuATOR PUtB. Co.,
: : Key: West, Florida.
S"We Know by Experience." '
For three years we have-used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertil;zer. AftIr-r test-
ing along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
' We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Fl.,rida'that they can-
not, use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by experience what we say regarding
.WOFFORD & WILDER.
Ft. Mason. Fla.
JAOKSONviLLE., October 22,1887.
M3ATs-D.S. short ribs, boxed, 8 75;D. S
tong clear sides, 8875; D. S. bellies, -900;
smoked short ribs, $10 25; smoked bellies, 10 25;
S. C. hams, canvassed fancy, 18c; S. C. shoul-
ders,canvassed,8yo; California or picnic hams
8/3c.. Lard-refined tierces, 73/cse. Mess beef-
arrels, $10 00; half barrels, 8550; mess pork,
16 00.. These quotations are for round lots
from irst bLh ds.
BuTmrER-NMarket frm and adTanc.lns. Beat
table, 24',;'3a per pound; cooking, l5r.j&c per
Grain, Flour, Hay, Feed, Hides, Etc.
GRAIN-Corn-The market firm with an
upward tendency. The following figures
represent to-day's values: We quote white
corn, Jeb lots, 690 per bushel; car load
wots, 680 per bushel; mixed corn, Job
tots, 63c per bushel; car load lots, 62c per
bushel. Oats higher, in sympathy with corn,
at the following figures: Mixed, in Job lots,
10c; car load lots 382c; white oats are 3c high-
er all around. Bran firmer, 821@22 per ton.
Wheat $150 per cwt. -
HAY-The market firm. Western choice,
small bales, 82100@22 00 per ton- car load: lots,
$20 50 per ton; Eastern hay, 820 50 per ton.
PAI.L GRITS AND MEAL-Grits, firm, 83 80
FLouR--Best patents, 85 10@5 50; good fam-
ily, $84 75@5 00; common, $4 25.
PVBAS-Mixed $125, whips 61 85, clays 8180.
GROUND FED-Per ton, $26 00.
CorrpEm-Greep Rio, 21@24d per pound; Java,
roasted, 32@85c; Mocha, roasted, 33c; Rio,
roasted, 25@28c; ground Rio coffee 18@23c per
COTTON SEED MEAL-Demand light. Sea
island or dark meal, 819 00@20 00 per ton;
bright or short cotton meal 821 50@22.
TOBACCO STEms--Market quiet but firm at
138 00@14 00 per ton.
LIrM-Eastern, 500 barrel lots 8180, 100 bar-
rel lots $4-10, less than 100 $150. Alabama lime
$115. Cement-American 6200; English 8325
RIcz-The quotations vary, cording to
quantity, from 5%@6y cents per pound.
SALT-eLiverpool, per sack, 6100; per car
cad, 90 cents.
HInEs-Dry flint, cow, per pound, first class,
11y@12 uts; and country dry salted 9Y@10 cts;
butchers dry salted 8 cents. Skins-Deer flint,
20 cents; salted 13 cents. Furs-Otter, winter
each 25c@8100- raccoon 10@15 cents; wild cat
10@15 cents; fox 10@15 cents. Beeswax per
pound, 18 cents; wool, free from burs,18@23
cents; burry, 8@15 cents; goat skins b10 cents
CHzs---Fine Creamery 15% cents per
Livz POuLTrY-Limited supply and good
demand as follows: Hens 85 cents; mixed 30
cents; half grown 22 cents. They are scarce
and in great demand.
EGes-Duval County 20 cents per dozen with
good demand and limited supply.
IRISH POTATOEs-Northern potatoes 82 90@
8 25 per barrel. -
JnIoNs-western per barrel $3 50, New York
8 75 per barrel; Spanish onions, $1.50 per crate.
New York Cabbage; 10@12c per head.
NEW BBETS-New York $275 per barrel.
TOMATcSs-New York, per crate, $100.
TURxNps-Ruta Baga variety $2 50 per bar-
Foreign and Domestic Fruits.
Heavy advance in all canned goods, cover-
ing 50c per dozen, most noticeable In peaches,
pears and apples, caused by short crop-corn
and tomatoes; also, In canned fish, principally
in salmon, owing to short catch this year,
catch being lighter than any season for four
PINEAPPLES-41 75@2 00 per dozen.
LEMONS-Messlnas, 88 50@38 75 per box.
FIGs-New, in layers, 15c.
DATEs-New Persian-Boxes 9c; Fralls 7c.
NuTs-Almonds 18c; Brazils 12c; Filberts
Silly) 12c; English walnuts, Grenobles, 18c;
Marbots 15c; Pecans 14c; Peanuts 6yc; Cocoa-
nuts 85 50 per hundred.
RAISINS--New London layers, 83 25 per box.
MALAGA GRAPES-Full weghts, 86500 per
barrel; light weights, $5 00 per barrel.
BuTTERiN--Creamery 20c; Extra Dairy 17c;
ApPLES-New York. $2 75@8 50per barrel.
Sickle Pears 86 75 per barrel; Bartlett Pears
$6 00 per barrel, 83 00 per half barrel.
Delaware Grapes, Catawba and Concord 10@
Tamaica Bananas 82 50@3 00 per bunch.
The following quotations are carefully re-
vised for Wednesday's and Saturday's paper
ST. NICHOLAS. FLA.
AGENT FOB GEO. W. BAKER'S
Rotted Bone Manure.
S DECOMPOSED WITH POTASH.
Price, 825 per ton free on board in Jackson-
ville, or at factory price when delivered in
I N. ELLIS,cC.E. A. E. Me':LURr, ArChjtect.
ELLIS & McCLURE,
Arcliitects -,& Civil iteors,
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
SINGS, SANITARY ENGINEERING, &o.
P 0. ox 784. Rooms 7 and 8 PalmettoBlock
BERMIUDA ONION SEED.
I have now in New York, and will receive in a
few days, a fresh lot of Bermuda Onion Seed of
my own importation. This variety of Onion is
well known to the gardeners of Florida, having
been successfully grown and tested through
many seasons. .
J. HOWARD TUCKER,
BUDS OF THE MAGGIE PEACH
Furnished at $1 per hundred, $8 per thousand
five hundred at one thousand rates
P. C. MINNICH,
PEAGH HILL NIJURSIERIES.
ALL THE NEW VARIETIES OF PEACHES,
PLUMS AND PEARS BUDDED ON GEN-
UINE FLORIDA RAISED TREES.
I do not send to Georgia for my stock and then
sell them as Florida Trees.
Prices very low. Send for circulars.
W. P. HORNE,
Fancy Poultry and Hunting D ogs,
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl. .
--- -m,, 13-_
Also Thoroughbred Young Setters and Hounds.
Address VILLA ZANZA POULTRY YARDS,
1000 Loquats 18 to 36 inches in height, stocky
three years -from seed, once transplanted, well
rooted. See. selected from choice fruit grown
by E. H. Hart, of Federal Point. Also, lot- of
Scuppereongand Thomas Grape Vines, two and
three years from layers, strong and well rooted.
Address, 0. B. THACHER,
Fairview Nurseries, San Mateo, Fla
S HELL POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY
PLUMS AND OTHER FRUITS.
Send for circular. Circular contains a short
history of Peach Culture in Florida, and hints
as to cuiture-
J. P. DePASS,
A lot of Budded Orange Trees of finest varie-
ties, 2 year buds; 4 year stocks (sour), ly to 1%
inches in diameter, 6 to 8 feet high, healthy and
thrifty. Must be sold to make room. Prices
given upon application. Party should state
number wanted. Samples sent upon receipt of
$1. A full line of other nursery stock. Send for
catalogue. Address CHAS.A. McBRIDE,
rom qunotations furnished by dealers In 1tb
City Market -
New York Cabbage wholesale at $2 50CS43 00
per barrel and retail at 1.1-i)cents.
SirVeet Lotatoes wholesale at'60c per ouslel
and retail at 26c per pecRk.
Eggs are m nlair demand. Duval cou.ntv eggs
are'qnuoted at wholesale 20 cents per dozen,
and retail at 35 cenw.
Boston marrowfat squashes wholesale at
2 50 per barrel, and retail at 4,a5 cents per
New York Irsh potatoes wholesale at F.3 10
per bdircl, and retatiU at 10 cents per quart, or
two quarts for 15 cents.
Live poultry-chickens wholesale at 20@.i
cents eachn; retail at -)5.&5 cents each. Dressed
poultry, per pound--hickeo, read, IS centd.
Northern meats retail W3 follows: Cmncaeo
oerf 18G15 cents per pound; Florida beef 6i.-15
cents per pound; real "2,; 5 centig; pork U,&aI5
cents: mutton lO'20t ceitsa; venison 25i cats;
iausaae 15 cenLts; corned beet 10 cenRs.
Okr-t wholesale at 215@() cents per. peck, and
etail.ls at I cents, or two quarts [or 15 ceont.
Egg Plants wlollesale at '1'h.i centw per
lozen, and retail at 6id10 cents eaebh.
Northern ruta baga turnips S2 25 per barrel,
our quarts for 25 cent.-
Nortnern carrots wholesale at $3 00 per bar-
rel: retail at 60 cents per peck.
Celery-Kalamazoo, tfi cents per dozen, two
stalks for '15 centIs.
Snap oe6ns. wholesale 01 50 per bashel; re-
tail l0 cents per quart.
Tomatoes, wholesale $1 Wiail 50 per crate; re-
Lail 1I cents pr quart, two quarts for 25 cents.
White turnips 9250 per barrel, four quarts
for 26 cents; green turnmps wholesale at 6
cents per buntch, retail l0 eents per bunch.
Carrots$2150 per barrel, 10 'ents per quart.
LEAF TOBACCO MARKETS.
NEW YORK, Oct. "*2--Therelis no abate-
ment of rnt-reist iuI to tobacco market.
PIrlee are etll tending upward, and the d--
mand Is very strong.
RICHMOND, tOctober -4.-Leaf tobacco is
frmu. Recrptl are good, but sellers and buy-
ersseem tobe holding aioof owine to the
unsettled market in New York.
LOUISVILLE, October 1.-The market ls
firm and prnes looking upward. Auction
salesof leaf ranged from about 825 per bun
dred down to $6.
SAVANNAH COTTON ALRKELiT.
SAVANN.AH. October '2?.-The Upland
Cotton market opened dull, and clos-
ed at three following quotations:
M iddline fair................................. 0 1 i
G ood m iddirlgI ........................... '
M iddlin .. ....... ..................... '
Low middling ............................... ,
Good ordinary ........ .................... Nominal.
'rhe net receipts wee Si5"6 Daloes; gross
receipts ,,5A r oaies; baIte- .il.I)j oiale; stock.C
at tuis port ti .,'- Oale. Exsportsa coast-wtse
- rales, export-1 to tine coIMinent 'IMl" bates.
exports to Great Britain t)o &ale-, exports to
S EA ISLAND OTTON.
The market is quiet and nominal at un-
changed quotations. Little stock for sale and
scarcely any arriving.
Comrumon Fl rida........ ........ .....5
M edium ... ............. ............ .................18
Good M edium ............... ........ ............. 17
Medium fi ne.....................................
Fine .. ..... .'
Exitra Fine .......... .................... "
C noice.......................... ..... ......... ...23
Rare tropical, ornamental and fruit plants for
open uair culture in Florida, and for the Northern
green house. Also, a full line of semi-tropical
trees, plants and grasses, and general .nursery
stock adapted to Florida and the South:
Ex-t,,: fr-.'mrn India. Aurr-aL'a and the West
IrJlie., iiiany oi t(Leti w aver before introduced
into[ rha Unirt-i tISK-.
Tl-e mort ,.omrnplrte ,tscrpitre catalogue of
tropical and semi-tropical plants published in
America. Catalogue mailed, post-paid on re-
ceipt of 15 cents. Free to all customers.
FOR THE PEOPLE.
AN EIGHT-PAGE PAPER.
Has thie Exclusive Franchise of the
ASSOCIATED PRESS DESPATCHES
the Largest and Only Efficient News Service in
the country. Also.
AF ECIAL TELEGRAPHIC SERVICE
and the most complete
FROM ITS OWN CORRESPONDENTS.
from all the Leading Cities of the Union, dur-
ing the season, are indispensable to every
Fruit Grower, and are worth to each one
who has a daily mail twenty times
'the price of the paper. Its
are also full and complete.
OneYear, $10. Six Months, 5. Three
Months, $2.50. One Month, $1.
FLOMIj fWEELY TIES
is the Best and Cheapest Weekly in the South
Contains the Cream of the Daily for the week.
Only $1 a Year; 50 cents for
SSsample Copies of all Free to any
IN-Send for circular giving description of the
Princely Premiums offered to sub-
scribers to the
F ROYAL I, F VA
This powdler never varle. A marrel of
puri'y, trenn and whole'-som-ness. More
eronomle'al than the ordinary kinds. and
cannot .be sold In competition with the
multitudeof low teq(, snort weight alum or
pVos.bate powders. Sld o l' ;n can,.
R(,YALBAKINO POWDER Co., 6i Wall SIt.,
New Yoik. .
JAPAN CLOVER AND TURF GRASS.
(L" ipedcsa stin and Pa.paluim platpicautlf.)
IllJu.strate'i and de8erlbed In FLORIDA FARMER.
AND FRIr OT GaoWR.
Supplied at 81.00 per thousand,
-BY -'- I F .
T.K.'GODBEY. Waldo, Florida.
FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE
r' .. -
A Sti.aDdard P.:iket F-nr Miai.htn. Two per-
E':'ns -an weave frWom one titw hiLinjred'j rods in
t 1&7l Lr,t 4 ,:r.. G fect bhih.at cout ,i Lro m 30
to E,,:erts a r,:,j. Ale:. Wate Leghorn Cook-
mr-i t trie Kn Zpp t Ir in..
E. W. AMISD EN, Ormond,Fla.
,r ') ..
OYAL PALM NURSERIES.