Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00039
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 19, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00039
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text

VOL." ---NO. 42.



MONTICELLO, Fla., Oct. 5, 1887.
A Very Profitable as well as At- EdMON.loridaFarmeranru1-a8rower: Points Which Shoul
tractive Industry. I send you by to-day's mail a pome- Their Market 1
Ediorr. Fipda Farmer and -Jfuit-Grower: granate that is a novelty to me, although A New York paper says
I bave been asked by many living in I have seen almost all varieties of this will keep cut bread or bisc
.the Northern and Western States:if the fruit. Cut it and tell me if it is identical in the same package, and
peach will pay well in Florida. To save with any variety you know. I think it ange will serve for several
writing so many letters, I will ask you quite a novelty, and an acquisition to the ferent supplies of sandwi
to publish this in your most valuable list of fruits that can be raised success- select a rusty-skinned or
paper, so that all may see what I have to fully in Florida. The beautiful color of want the freshness to pert
say on the'peach question. the seed and the fine sub-acid flavor are the skin, and the brown a
;'One, gentleman wants to know if its points of difference from any variety keeps all the freshness ins
$1.fOiunvested in a peach orchard will lam acquaintedwith.. ange. Any clear-skinned
pay as well in Florida as the same J. H. GIRARDEAU. orange will do."
amount loaned out a eight per cent. in- [The fruit mentioned above was duly I have always thought
terest.hsay for ten years. Lands suited received and has been tested by the ange the best and sweel
forthe peach in this county, a mile from editorr and others, and pronouncd the feit sure that when the No
the depot. can be bought, cleared. fence, t. without ualiicatin exept a to eaters found out ho- zw
set with our best variety of peaches -200 -.I t clous te dtk fri wa, t,
trees Ce a. ad ct rd t fr. extt-ernal appearance. It is not s) hand- ci)u, the dark fruit was th
trees theatre an.cultivated the .st i utsi. a s s oe ino ant i u fo r it to the inferior bri
year for $10i per acre. Ten acres will the edible 'po ion could liardly e ex-"ulI we te willing to pay a
cost about $1.00t'.. celled as. to c-ior anI flav ir (it in for it.
The interest on $i flO loaned or put in seon in the manner in which thi Here is tthe erret of its
the back ateight per ceni. amounts to fruit L should be ut, there are disclos,-l ri" more juicy than the
$80.tor ten years, making principal and what apparlike rae l't keeps all the freshne
inrerestc-at the end of ten years $l,.i. The flavor reminds usagain utfa cha.ie of the orange." Now that
Now, let us see what the peach orchard iapeof the wi s E i tp we we want it kept. The r
will do in that length of time. I will es- et the varietal name of Rub- orange air tight and press
timate the quantity of fruit raised per ra t. videdth ameben it a better orange i
tree, at least one-half less than my or- "pie-occupied, "or the, ,aie 9" ,ad except in looks, and that is
chard has borne for the last three c 'Tepoegana t matter when te tilhing i-3
years. be more generally uitted and itf this stood.
The cost of ten acres of land properly a rie an he eetuatedani d iced Those that have had ex"
cleared and set with our finest varieties before e public, t will a t much theusty oranges should t
of peaches and cultivated one year will the pub. il "l know about the subject.
be $1,000. The'fruit borne the second n e.-A. .* glad to see an erroneous id
year will pay expenses of cultivation. I for it is likely to call out
couit this year nothing. After this I Removing Scales with Paste. nothing else would.
wotild estimate the yield as follows, from It is s id bv some that
ten-acres containing 2.000 trees, esti- Last spring we described a Californian anes were ot frozen as
mteing the fruit to be worth .one dollar method of removing scales from orange anrghtoneson tbesame tre
er'btishel: trees. It seems that the mruerthd has is sure of the cause of this
Sye b.. the tree.) n tried ueful in this State, an insect, or is it caused by
...o. .. rd Bann tothe following item inthe condition of the tree, or

......-..-."...........- '. -Oala, but resides in- Catidler, where he shade and protection are
_, .. ...... ....... 3-.. ha, a flourishing orange grove, says a the most healthy and vigo
S*............. splendid remedy for insects on orange be the case, should we no
S- treh is to mke a paste f flour ad i
S .................. ........... .. fl6.i trees is to ma e a paste of i our a d trees near the orange for s
il--de.luci $5,W a.year from-t i., water, boil the same and then apply it
ear toPenri.ir any 'liaear tiat to the foliage, branches and trunks of
S!-bappen to the cr.ep oft ru.t,. the trees, and in a week or ten days the Ilhe following extraori
.or in, lraiting trn- n rrairi. fo. r paste will scale off. and with it every ment respecting the russ
years,. atr'.-o0per year.............. .... i,y," vestige of insects. It is cheap and contained in a very reliab
S-- worth testing. A pound of dour will the phrase "is said" relii
g'S.. tIsamount from .e -lue o; ake a pail of paste. paper from responsibility f
'i rpri..dhe"t the net procee n ite* ness: iThe artihcral coloril
are amouts to '"........ oranges. making them rese
,0 a0)Lt eight per 'cett intrrrt. The Cottony Cushion Scale. set, oranges of Florida and
Imal and intere-t, in tnr csme num-
ty ears amounts ri............ ...... i,ci Thu far the orange groves of Florida said to bhe practiced extens
have been exempt from the ravages of ern cities" Russets are
at the 'encrchard aba in.. $ the insect pest moist dreaded by the or-
..Editor, I have made a low esti- ange growers of California. We are not ward appearance, but the
e?- on this, as I think every fruit, aware that it has been found in Florida .will always gvelin the \al
o.er will admit. I have received for as yet, but it is likely to be introduced. in market. True russets
est varieties of peaches at least four and people should be on the watch for good standing in the mark
"e6as much as I have estimated for it. especially nurserymen who mav be tunately the work of the lu
re.and one variety. HBorne's Hybrid introducing new varieties from Califor- mostly in blotches and rin
ey" Peach. has brought five times as ma. In order to acquaiut the public ,f causes recently espial
I cfoir the last two years. I know with the appearance of this iosect, we volumnr:s. As preventive
a we are certain to realize at least one have had our engraver reproduce now becoming known it
ar'per bushel for all the peaches we some fdcires from the last report of the orange growersto be on th
.akise in Florida for the next ten Commissioner of Agriculture. summer. in order to guard
s: We can dry and can them and Although laige rewards have been against this serious disfig
ikethat much. offered in California for an effectual a. c.I
ef-if.e say to your readers that I have *
e living in Florida, and trying to Castor BeanS in the
,t (or nearly. fifty sears: have planted
Slhing could think of, except the Editor oa o
Sge.and have been successful with I see in your paper so:
o everything I undertook to raise, about the castor bean as a

ty ..*I want. to tell your readers trees, and the result sotari'
y- ;ig story, but not. a fish story." satisfactory.
'the matter shot. I will say that I always plant a patch of
e four peach trees on my place red castor beau to make s
S-Hbrid'Houne.f the fruit of 'poultry. While the plants a
S"rought me, clear of all ex- / keep the leaves at the high
S .in, twb years'. Besides, I cut, off so as to storm a re
"v er $500 Iorth of trees These leaves I pile around
m. I admit that this looks like L trees. One who has never
.,but figuresdo not lie, and be astonished at the amot
that may hLe cut each week
&P-may glut the United States CIrriON CU-ISioN ALE. ,1,'ru .*l,-c'a... patch, and he will be nmoi
ranges. but sher cannot with the Nitunral size s-d eularge.1. at the way they make his ti
We cause we can utilize them i My castor bean patch th
sy, ahd keep them any length of means of destroying this very destruc- like a little forest, many oi
oQw,*ob!e more word, Mr. Editor, tire insect, we believe none has been de- standing twelve feet higi
dote.. If any of your leaders vised except the process which involves enough for the children to
n'ance to read this will come the use of ients and noxious gases, as middle of September I gru
B'rcounty, I will take pleasure in described in a previous issue. Such a plants, cut the stalks in piec
thiemi our -country and fruit method would not be practiced much in feet long and -piled them
ar int to see at least 1,000 acres this State, we think, and probably it will orange trees. Before the w
each.Jrees this winter; am not be employed to a great extent' in they will be well rotted, and
Yg business so that I can assist California. This or some similar cotton a good lot of fertilizer for m
:who.ma ay wish-to start an or- scale is said to have ruined the spring.
re'and will cheerfully give any orange groves of Cuba years ago, I have tried the plan two
i aloI can to new comers. when they became white as if covered shall greatly increase my
e teaches can be raised alniost "with snow or cotton. This is a thing patch uext year. I intend t
e in Florida I must say that that needs tolje nipped in the bud, and among my orange trees, a
oiuny tis the peach county of our orange growers cannot be too rig. an orange trees .not inji
do intelligetit man can deny ilant. A a.. c. castor bean growing near ft,
n.6ur fruit. We want .to have the stalks four feet apa
inoughfruit here so that we can .- In the great ho r id.of nature the will soon shadethe .ground
-e Northern and Western mar- farmer.stands atftf oor of the bread- Livation will M^bie 'reuui
I'c~ar lbd,-and 'save' the high roant and weighs i--t'cb his loaf. The in toln who hn sLah gi
.arepaiying'hio by the'single glory of the farmer is that in the divis- backyard 'jd easily.fi
.'Editor, -t-e only object I idn.of labor it is'his part to create All trees in this at very 1l
tew is to-persuade people to trade rests at last on his primitive athor- like the common red varletry
S eeour State, and help us.raise ity. He stands close to nature, he ob- as a fertilizer. FAR
.,wecih..get what "e-'raise tains from the earth the breadc'and-meat. *'.
Cheaper, 'and make Flbrida The food which was not he c--:be. -Last week A. L. Wilson
"pot ofAmeric. The first farmer was the fires ahd .county, gathered one .,
:y, Fla., Oct: 12, 1887. "and us of land.- Emerson. and a henalf acres of land.


id Enhance
i: "An -orang
uit fresh whe
d the same or
l.1 days for dii
ches. Do no
range, as yot
meate through]
and black rus
ide of the or
, light-colorec
the rusty or-
test, and havE
*rthern orange
ree- and deli
ey would pre
ghit fi uit, anu(
a better price
being better
bright. **Tbt
s in the inside
is just where
iust keeps the
'erves it, and
n every way,
s a very small
fully under-

peridnce with
ell us all they
We are often
lea advanced.
responses that
the rusty or.
badly as the
e. Now, who
rust? and is it
an unhealthy
from cause
fect the tree?
n every way
rous? If this
it grow other
dinary state-
et oranges is
>le paper, but
eves the said
or its c-orrect-
ng of foreign
ruble the rus-
Louisiana, is
ively in East-
superior to
ts except out-
- latter point.
ue of the crop
will obtain a
et. hut unfor-
st mite shows
gs. the result
ned in these
measures aie
behooves our
e alert during
i their fruit

,tne remarks
fertilizer. I
t is the best
orange trees.
some of my
s exceedingly
the common
hade for my
re growing I
t of m% head,
gular forest.
J my orange
tried it .will
int of leaves
from a suiall
re astonished
rees grow.
his year was
of the stalks
h. and large
climb. Tne
ibbed up the
esabout foui-
around my
winter is over
I will furnish-
my trees next
o years, and
castor bean
o plant them
a I find that
ured by the
m Imean to
irt, and they
S tha' tt cul-
ired?. People
roves'ih tLhb
?ritilize ` eir
.ttlCost. I
best or'tise
IaK'.ds -

Wine from Frozen Oranges.
We take the following from a letter to
the Pajatka News:
I would call the attention of my fel-
low co-laborers in the orange growing
buisness to a fact, one which old settlers
in this State have probably had brought,
sorrowfully, to their attention. As the
timber lands of the State are' being
cleared our climate is growing colder.
It often happens, of late years, that our
oranges must be gathered while compar-
atively green, or be frozen. In the latter
event I, for one, propose to thaw my
oranges in a warm room and then com-
mence immediately t. make them into
That such a cOuise is practicable r am
convinced. While in Newv York Cit't
this slimmer I there diiank of-f wine made
in Orange county. In this State, fr..-m
sweet oranges which haLa been frozen.
It w:as a beautiful amber color, pleasant
to the maste, and I have no doubt but
thatsuch wine is a wholesome article.
It retailed for $1 per quart bottle, and
the dealer who handled it informed me
that it wA;,s fast growing into favor with
his customers.

Fruitful Date Trees.
DivistioO OF POMOLOoY,
Editor Florida Farmer ond Fr-uii-'o'o- "-
It is with much pleasure that I state
the fact that there has been received by
the Division of Pomology in the U. S.
Department of Agriculture, a large cl'us-
tor of ripe dates, from Phoenix, Arizona
Territory. It was grown on the ranch
of Col. Hatch, about four miles from
that place, and was procured and sent by
MrL G. '-S. Thornton, wrho ha taken
spectal.nterest in the matter.'-"t i3is/one'

- ~rem"~.>., --~

"a't-iWr -nat is iih 'restil'rfa -sed'tllf"de
by Mr.?.Culbert-oi" about January, 1880..
Tfhe'tree' bloome&t'irst in I.')85. but the
fldowrs' were cut off land the leaves-tooi
for s4me unknown reason, and it' did
'not bloom again until this year. There
weret.-1 fruits on the cluster received,
and tVe'whole weighed just five pounds.
They were about an inch and a half long
by and inch in diameter, and of a chrome-
yellow color. The fruit-stalk and its
branches resemble in size and form a
very'large corn tassel, hanging grace-
fully: to one side, but of a beautiful
orange color. The fruit is attached
along the lower half of these drooping
branches, and the whole makes a verve
attractive object. The taste is as sweet
as the richest honey.
Tfie fruiting of the date in the United
States is of very rare occurrence, but in
time it will be quite common in the more
tropical portions, as many young plants
have l'een set that will soc;n bear. It is
such.'ttle facts as this that proves what
can- be done, and encourage more ex-
tens.iy.e experiments. We may never
produce this fruit in commercial quaiti-
ties, ~ut even that may possibyl be.
4 H. E. VAN DEuLN.
[The date ripens perfectly on Key
West; and we think it has done so on
' Cumberland Island, Georgia : in the fail
of 1ip0 we found nearly matured fruit
underthe date trees at Dungeness. We
would suggest that Mr. Van Deman
mhkq inquiries in regard to the fertiliza-
tionuof the Arizona palms. We learn
from.a good authority that "In every
plan.ation of dates one part of ,the labor
of tbhe cultivator consists 'in collecting
the flowers of the male date, climbing
to t e tqp of the female wih,- them, and
disp sing the pollen onthe'germsof the
date-. So essential-ish4is operation,
that'though the ma.le,-.af female trees
ariegrown in the saA'meTantation, the
crop,-lfails if it be- it, performed."
A '.".j .

a Keeping- off Birds.
Edit o'woi'ia Fujnir' ant'ilnP ait-Growt" r:
I- ear fuich complaint, and also see
Ihe sape in pap&rsi,"of -birds destroying
'grain ad such fruit as grapes'and
peaai a..ahdkt'b q'iJesion arises what, if
any* ,-an be'dbite'to stop ?it?
-Itwl c'gland very few farmers
pla a fiel corn, large orpmall.-with-
oun 'i ngg'-' it, as it is termed, before
it cqes p.jiThe stringing is done by
sett"t.3fg'upsnmall poles, 10 to 18 feet high,
acc ding'to the size of the field; and
strething a wrapping t[line frl-ie to
pol'ear bund the field. For, sfl eason
the birdss do not like to.go.insi o.f that
striAh pull' up-the corn. The birds
giv -lt little trouble when th'e corn
ripe~i .
It'' possible that the sl ringing of corn
o.r.otli"grain fields- here will keep the
bir, ayfrom the ripening grain and'
b[.9 '.A y from the fruit. It is very little'
w6 o'6cost to try. th6 experiment if
an. re is so' dispdp6d,'but m6 y sugges-
tio as rather late for this seasonn. -'

D-oh0,Flae,,Sept. 28,' 1887. :"'-
ia'e method described above has'bJee-n'
M ced'l .this State and fdub d: quite
eettual.-A. H. o.] ?


Can These Gifts of the Sea be
* Utilized Profitably?
Editor Florida Farmer and F, -,i-5r
I have been reading up the sui.ij.ct ...t
sea weed as a fertilizer, and I finr, thete
are several different kinds found upo:,u
our beach. I select the one most com-
mon and send you a sample for narme.
Waring's Elements of Agriculttire otnlyv
mentions it, but says it is as valuable as
stable mantire. In the Agricultural Re--
portof 1.1 --2 I find that the- he rock-
weed, air dried, contains potash 14.3,
soda 23.c0, sulphuric acid 29.1$ pei cent.
The kelp is the most 'aioable.
According to this statement, if what
we gather is one half as valuable as the
analysis shows, it will roi pay us to
scrape the a"- nod4 or ponds for lumus or
fertilizer of any kind. Iam only half
a mile from the beach, with a good road,
and can haul ten to fourteen loads, per

'^ i~a .^ .a^ y ,"' '* ^ h ~

^llh&';~~~~~~~ -"l *Uf_' l Hl >..

GTLr-W ED. iargas. day. The question is. is ;t more valuable
in the green state than the dried? To
haul in the green state would cost the
most, but it. would be more free from
sand. The Department Report says a
certain variety they called Chotidras is
collected and sold as Irish moss, and
used in jellies.
Please give us a little light on this sub-
ject. It may be we have a gold mine at
our door in the way of a supply of fer-
"tilizer. We have the waterand sun, and
a garden on the sub-surface irrigation
plan of Hon. A. N. Cole. from which we
expect wonders. I may give your lead-
ers a detailed description of the garden
spot some time. Mr. Cole is going to
send me some strawberry plants from his
Home on the Hillside, from which he
picked bei nes measuring thirteen inches
in circumference. Am going to see if I
cannot beat that on what he calls my
-"saline garden."'
Oct. 3, 1"7.
[The specimen sent us is Sargassumn
',igare. See article in editorial co umns,
entitled "A Wasted Productof theSea."
Let us hear the results of all experi-
ments.-A. a. c.]
Buried Seed.
Editor Flirida Farmrir and Fn'-it-Growe-r:
Your correspondent. H. W. Roop. in
the issue of September 14th, thinks that
the seeds of the foxtail grass mentioned
had long lain domant in the muck be-
neath the lake. It has often been stated
that the soil, especially muck, is full of
buried seeds ready togeiminate on ex-
'posure to the air. The quickness with
.which vegetation appears on. soil
thrown up from cellais or wells, and the
fact that plants sometim'esappear in such
situations which had not been observed
in the locality before, seem to favor this
idea; Thbse who have carefully inves-
tigated the matter, however, have failed
to find the live seeds supposed to exist
in such situat ons. I have made repeat-
ed observations on soil taken from two
feet beneath the surface, and in only
one instance have I been able to grow
plants from such soil. The exception
was in a case of muck 'in which there
was a possible chance of mistake. Here
a single plant appeared of a -species
abundant in the localJity.
We do not fully realize the facilities
which most plants have for the disper-
'sibb of their seeds .It is exceedingly im-
probable for fresh earth -to be exposed
for any length of time without receiving
'sueds from some source. These are'
generally of a kind found in the. locality,
an such plants. are te t ones which
nearly always appear in such situations
The few exceptions can generally be
explained by supposing 'the tadnts'topbe.
'such as'had ,'been' overlooked udtil 'the
freshly broken'soil g'bve'tbe an" 'ppor-
"tuiity for vigorous growth;--1'Therd dfe
many seeds "which''retain their vitality!'t
on or near the'surface for man';years;'
tHougbh comparatively little is known oin -

this point, but tlpere is ho deidence that
I an, a;."are itI that the oiinary eub-
coil contains any I ing feeds whatever.
A. A. C'RozRa. Ass't Botanist.

'Ageing Wines by. Electricity.
Last month when in San' Fr&nciscu,
say s the Pacific Fruit Gro'wer. we had
tlie plea'uie of meet ig Dr. Edwin J.
Friaer,, the inventor of the new process
tot ageing wines bv ttlivaid of electricity.
We tented several samples 'df law wines
treated by this pri.:cess-and compared
them with th [e s.me wines not treated.
Thb iffemence in flavor is wonderful.
Dr. Fraser was tlite first lerI:son to
discover ilihat by plac:ing"new wines and
iiiui.as- within the field of influence of
an' electro-inagnetic helix, the same
chlange.s weic. produced in them in a fewa
days that require-d yeartn in the cellar by.
tlheold.-timnepc pi,-ess. TLhe discovery -was
so entirely new that it required two
patents tr. cover it in the United States,
to-wit : Oue for the pi-cees and the
other for the apparatu-. It is said'lhat.
broader or more' coirpreh'ensive patent.sl'..
were never issuedfrom the Patent Othce.
It is ul-:o patented in' France. Germany.'
Great Biitain.,and in all the leading
wine-pro-duciug rcountriei -of Europe.
The patents all cbve'rbroadi'v and with-
out qualiffi.'ation'sthe useof t fiemag-
netic field'or induction. \. .
From experiments already made.it is -
estimated that.'by the:use of tfie "'Fraser
Process," every gallon of new wine aud
brandy produced inu-the -Srate can be
ripened and united for sale or used before.
the next crop comes in. It therefore
obviates.the necessity of carrying stocks
for a'period of three, f'ur or five years.
It enables the winemaker to turn over
,h-is money evei y year. By.itesuse.a.large-
pr'opb;tiod -of -the xpnes i
$ y i &. " .- + ._ + ,u r .r .i e "

o o .JUUNU id Lrmi- uc Le nari L i* J "
Process" ff -everT tp&iir of-.v ,j.e
evident that its general adoption by wnme-' -
makers will become a positive necessity.
When its use becomes general no .man
can make an honest living by the old
process in competition with the new one.
Rotary Cutter Attachment.
Editwi F'7rida Faritii alnd Froit-G-ro,'.-e
I have read MIr. Horne'sarticle in you?
paper of October .th. I. thiik he will
find it a more expensive job to make
such a machine than he anticipates, and
if he puts on straight cutters, it will not
be entirely satisfactory, for it has been
clearly demonstrated that a cutter
making one eighth of a circle cuts very
much easier than a straight one.
A good machine for such a business,
and all iron or steel, except the frame, ;s
made by Avety & Sons, Louisville,'Ky..
and retails fur j.48. .A double one for
three horses, is also made for $65.
Now, about a plow to turn under ciab
grass, pea vines, etc. Any plow will do
it. with one of Aveiy & Sons' 12-inch re-
volving cutters properly put on. Price,
$3.50. They can be attached to any
plow beam. The secret of making it
work well is in putting it in thlie right posi-
tion, keeping it. sharp and letting out the
traces so the plow will stay in the
ground, for the tendency-is to pull the
plow up. as one tulls against the other.
It should be set just over the point, and
as near to it as possible and swing dear.
It should be filed once or twice a day.
according to the work being done.
Willard Dewey, of this place, has sold
many of them here this season, and can
fil all orders. They have been run
here through crab grass that was thick
and two feet or more high, without any
difficulty. But you must not expect it
to cut crab grass after it gets dry and
woody, for it will not do it, neither will
anything else do it. The ohly remedy in
that case is to let it r6t enough to make
it tender, which it will do in a shot
time. A. J. A.
OLRANDO, Fla., Oct. 8, 1887. "
Topics for Correspondents.
G. B. T. writes: This is the first time
that any depredations have been com-
mitted on my grape vines. I noticed
to-day for the first time a small caterpil-
lar about an inch long,' yellow, with
little black-rings across the back, but
not extending underneath. I hey..con-
gregate allovera leaf as-thick as-t hy
can lie,'around the.iindtr side, near the
edge; and eat toward.the stem,.and at
last reach the bush.: ,I'have'tried lime
and insect powder, but:they do not ieem
to care for these. I iit-off -about a.
dozen leaves that were covered andlput
them in the stove.' -JI sball'try ho6.v'wter -
in'small quantities on the .formsbitb
shall be careful not to hu' r ttfit-'v.ine
:' LiNG PEAOH 'P I --'
.F H irvrites: Can you .li me.' when
nttd how tb plait pe1ch..p ?.Iave no
sU'.ceiiui a.esmall way. -T'hey-s'ither do'
do-'gertminate-r_ th'e' a&t'b8ia-t -thii as'
tliaej,'vo -p '^ so;can'h one plow 'new :
lnd,6.wdah-d -%t it'J uhaipe foi vegeifa-
Wies'nt-Bsbrtiau!' :- -. ,


l kr.^;~ggcai*i~^~lB^a"3tl* ~i~u IM C ^



,o e '-I

Srchradand naden


XII.---Sources of Injury to the
Roots of Trees.
From the report of Consul Oppenheim,
of Cadiz, we learn that "a species of
Phylloxera, first observed in the islands
of Naxos and Paros, is known to attack
the roots of the orange tree, but this
pest has not up to now made its appear-
ance in the Spanish orchards. Landerer,
the writer who first described this mi-
croscopic parasite, recommends the use
of a solution of carbolic acid, and a mix-
ture of sulphur and lime, the latter to
be spread around the tree."
Consul Loewenstein, likewise of Spain,
tells us that antss frequently establish
themselves at the roots of the trees and
form galleries in all directions amongst
the roots, causing such trees as are at-
tacked to languish and oftentimes tc
perish'from the formic acid spread
around them, which acid burns the young
roots. In this case it may occasion dam-
age to the trees. Whet an ant hill is
found in the neighborhood of a tree, the
following is recommended as an excel-
lent remedy, viz: to take a flower-pot
closing the hole in its bottom, and placing
it upside down at the side of the hill
The ground is then well watered, and
the ants, finding this convenient shelter
shortly shift their quarters there, taking
-with them their wives and grubs, so as
to keep them warmer. By repeating
this operation two or three times they
Concerning'these more serious source
of injury to the roots of the orange, wi
will quote from Consul Oppenheim:
Among this class the most frequent i
a species of white mold, belonging to th
genus Byssus, which surrounds the root
of the tiee with its mycelium. The whit'
filaments of which it is composed form
a dense network around the roots, and
have given it its popular name of blanc
de las raises (Anglice, ," white of th
roots.") A well known carpologis
writes about this pest in the following
This parasite surrounds, exhausts, an
dries up the roots of the tree, which
however, does not greatly alter in ap
pearance during the wet season, bu
when the rising of the sap takes place
in the spring (and in a few cases some
what later) the affected trees quickly
succumb. Indications of the evil are
certain backwardness in budding an
blossoming, accompanied by pallor o
the leaves and general vegetative weal
ness. This shows that the Byssus ha
'attacked the roots. In order to county:
act its effects 'it is necessary to con
pletely expose the roots of the affected
tree, remove the filamentsof the fungu
cirrid carer thn% ri-*in5 wi-'. 'P .* prir -i

S6Iole should be dtig around the tre
until the roots are laid bare: the mold
surfaces should then be carefully an
thoroughly- scraped, and such parts
show deep injury or have begun to pi
trefy, are to be cut off. The usual pra
tice has been to wash or bathe th
cleansed roots in water strongly charge
with cow dhng, but in Valencia exce
lent results have been obtained by tl
use of hyposulphide of lime, of a solt
tion of copper, and also of protoxide o
iron. When refilling the cavity arour
the tree the fresh soil should be careful
screened in order to eliminate all fra,
ments of dead roots or of rotten woo
as it is upon such matter that the Byssi
develops most readily. It is fourth
advised to place upon the roots thi
cleansed and treated a small quantity
well rotted cow manure, and above th
fresh earth, mixed with salt, lixiviati
ashes and pulverized bones.
There are undoubtedly a number o
the noxious fungoid growths to the a
tacks of which the roots are exposed, b
the general features, both of the deve
opment of the parasites and of tJ
approved mode of combating them, ai
in the main, as described, above. .O
of them, however, deserves special me
tion, as it pi'oved extremely destructi
in the Spanish provinces of Valencia ai
Castellon (in 1867-'69), and is believed
be identical with the parasite that d
s'royed nearly half the orange trees
'the Hyeres Islands in 1849-'51. TI
parasite is now known as Spherit
SWolffensteiniani, in honor of a disti
guished .mycologist who published a
exhaustive monograph on the subject
1878. At the time of the first appe:
ance of this para-ite-or orange diseaw
as it was then called-in the peninsu
the Spanish Government appointed
commission to- investigate the disordi
The recommendations embodied in t
report of said- commission were, in t
main, similar to those mentioned abo'
SThe rootsare to be uncovered. ll t
attacked parts removed and buried; i
Spious irrigation is to be avoided, as a
the use of all manure not thorough
:rotted, and especially its applicati
close to the roots. If the soil is humii:
and this seems a strongly predisposi
cause-lbhorough draining is necessa
As efficacious -remedies, are mention
tar, soot and protosulphate of ir
,which act as antiseptics; also powder
lime and sulphate of copper. 0
Wolffenstein. the mycologist, above
ferred to. gives it as his opinion that
S most efficient curative agent is a so
SLion of hydrated sulphuric acid, whip
according to-said writer, unites the I
lowing desiderata: First, it kills all
spores: second, it penetrates the soil
a sufficient depth without oxidizi
and third, it does no injury whatever
-:- the roots. Ten liters of the solution
-. -' stated to be sufficient for a tree of I
size; the solution to be applied in
month-of Nokvember, as this is the ti
when tle spores are most easily stamn
out. -- -
SThere does not appear to be any c
S sensus of opinion as to the greater
:: lesser. liability of the different varLie
to the attacks of these parasitic pe
Snor does such consensus exist upon
-comparative resistance of seedlings

the grafted or budded trees. It is, how- ci
ever, conclusively established that low p
ground, lack of proper drainage, and an a
insufficient cultivation are the most fa- sc
vorable conditions for the development sa
of the fungus parasites of this class. N
Best Way to Produce Varieties. si
The Gardener's Monthly says: Much f,
stress is laid on the practice of hybridiz- s,
ing or crossing in the production of new t,
varieties, but as a general rule our fruit u
growers have had more success from d
selection than from crossing. Mr. a
Rogers' wonderful success in grapes, h
producing the famous Rogers' Hybrids, t
is almost exceptional in favor of this G
plan. Dr. Masters, speaking of the im- f
provement in potatoes, contends that all a
the best work has been done by selection.
In regard to the mooted question of
graft hybrids it is well to note that Dr.
Masters is a thorough believer in it. He
says that very many potato cultivators j
absolutely denied the possibility of any- s
thing like grafting, but he believed it to a
be a practical and realizable idea. He
had himself obtained intermediate forms o
by the process, and he had seen remark- t
" able results obtained by grafting the t
s potato on to the tomato and other
species. In most cases of discussion in I
these scientific questions the trouble i
Generally about belief is that there is a o
doubt that the observer has deceived
- himself. In other words, the doubt is c
whether the observer is competent to (
observe. No doubt can exist in the case f
of this famous botanist when he says t
s that he himself has obtained hybrids by E
g grafting as stated. It settles the actual
y fact of the case in its favor.

Clean Culture North and South
s Referring to our discussion in Florida
e of the clean culture question, Mr.
Meehan, of the Gardener's Monthly, re-
s marks: They are having the same dis-
e cussion over clean culture or grass cul-
s ture for orange trees that we in the
e North once had over our orchards. They
n will see, as we have had to learn, that it
d is a broad question, and that when we get
o to the extremes both or either may be
e right.
*t In grass culture we encourage the
g feeding roots near the surface, which is
a great gain; we keep the hot sun from
d raising the temperature of the earth
, above 80 degrees, which is also a great
P- gain; and another great gain is that we
it keep the frost from penetrating deeply in
,e winter time. Continual hoeing or plow-
e- ing destroys innumerable surface roots
y and costs for extra labor, which even a
a "hoed crop" scarcely compensates.
d Grass, on the other hand, requires but
hf little care but cutting and curing.
- But the objections are that when there
1s ate two crops on the same ground there
r- are two sets of growing things clamoring
a- for food and drink. In a very dry time
d an orchard in grass is much more likely
"' to suffer for want of nioistur6S; and, un-
-lco. -ft.',AlS u rilthecoi'npe Fi,lg-
eeoe r todd with the tree, mayJinduce starv-
iy ation. Thus we see that the question is
id wholly a general one, and has to be gov-
as erned in a great measure by the circum-
u- stances in each case.
c- In orange growing countries it may be
le difficult to have grass, but other vegeta-
ed tion may come into the question. At
31- any rate, the general question of clean
be culture of orange trees must be governed
u- by the same general considerations as
of influence the decisions in Northern or-
ad chards.
ly ,* .
9- .The Squash Vine Borer.
us "My squashes, melons and cucumbers,
er even after they have got to a consider-
us able size, suddenly wilt and die, a whole
of hill or less at a time. The wilted plant
iis seems to be as perfect as a healthy one,
ed with the exception, perhaps, of a slight
discoloration where the stalk joins the
of root. I can find no injury to the plant,
at- and no insect to cause an injury.",
ut This common complaint is caused by
el- the work of the well known borer, the
he scientific name of which is Melittia cu-
re, curbitce, and the full history of which is
ne not known. Upon hatching, the young
n- larva burrows into the stem, grows rap-
ve idly, and when about half grown its ef-
nd fects are visible in the wilting of the
to vines. Later, as the attack continues,
le- and several larvae unite in it, the vines
on die down to the root. The injury caused
his is enormous, taking the squash growing
em sections of ithe country together. -,
n- Fall lowing of infected fields, and
an two ,or three harrowing, is recommend-
in ed to kill the cocoons and their enclosed
ar. larvae, plowing to the depth of six
so. inches being necessary. A liberal dis-
la. tribution of fresh gas lime, after the re-
a oval of the crop, would kill the larvse
er. within the cocoons. Sprinkling the
he ground with kerosene oil before a heavy
he rain to cai ry it into the soil might be as
ve. efficient as" gas lime. If mixed with
the soapsuds the oil might do as well. An
co- infected crop should not be followed by
iso another upon the same ground. A few
hly hills might, however, be planted to serve
ion as a decoy to concentrate the attack, the
d- vines to be destroyed as soon as the at-
ing tack is noticed. Protecting the young
ry. plants by covering them with mo'squitc
ned netting upon a large frame has been aug-
on, gested.
red The general method, which has been
'tto largely employed with success where the
re- attack has not been severe, has been t
the slit the vine with the point of a: pocket
lu- knife and remove the larva.. Pouring
ch, half a teaspoonful of bi-sulphide of car
fol bon into a hole near the root. quickly
the covering with earth and pre-sed down
.to has been recommended, but further ex
ng; perimentshave not confirmed itsefficacy
r to Another nay is to hill up around th,
Sis plants as soon as the presence of thi
fair borer iS perceived, or before that, as i
the protection, scattering an ounce or so o
me rich commercial fertilizer about the hill
ped and sprinkling the vine near the covered
joint with Paris green water. This wil
on- destroy many of the young larva? a
r or they eat their way into the vine, and thi
ties scent of the fertilizer will keep off th
sts, parent moth, while promoting thevigo
tbe of tbe plant.
and A remedy frequently used-with sue



s for this and similar insects is to ap- grow, but they must never be allowed F
to each hill a quart of water in which to get dry. p
easpoonful of saltpeter has been dis- To keep roses in bloom, as soon as the ri
ved, and nitrate of soda used in the first flowers open, pinch off the end of
ie way has been successful. At the the first shoot, and when the flower is C
)w York experiment station, 81 per in full bloom, pick it off. No flower A
.t. of the vines were saved, the best should be left to decay on the bush, as it C
cess being where the stems of the will greatly exhaust the plant, and de t]
ashes were wet for a distance of two prive it of the strength-needed to perfect t,
t from the bill with a kerosene and their blooms. As the plants get large, I
p emulsion. Corncobs dipped in cold pinch back the ends of the shoots when
, five in each hill, were quite effica- they are six or seven inches long; rub e
us, especially where the cobs were re- off all puny shoots, giving the strength t
pped from time to time during July to the healthy ones. Prune so as to
i August. Spraying with Paris green keep the bush in a good rounded form. n
ped some, but in a less degree than When the weather is very hot the plants
preceding methods. The Perfect should have a mulch of straw or dried
m-squash seems less liable to attack leaves sufficient to completely shade the I
m the borer than the Hubbard.-Farm ground, and be thoroughly wet twice a
d Home. week.
Mildew on roses has been successfully s
Cut Worms. treated with sulphide of potash. As
this is very strong, only a small quan-
Of these pests of the farmer and tity can be used. One-sixteenth of n ]
rdener the American Agriculturist ounce to a quart of water is the propor-
ys: Some of them ascend trees, shrubs tion used by florists. Sprinkle over the t
d other plaints in their destructive plants with a rose watering pot.
irk, while most of them confine their Everblooming roses need to be fre-
erations to the surface,- and work quently fertilized to keep up their
eir mischief by cutting off young and strength. Liquid manure is good, but
under plants even with the ground. must be used with caution. A shallow
.eir work is done at night, and as day- trench can be dug around the bush and
:ht approaches, they hide themselves the liquid poured in it; this is a safe
the ground. Cabbage, when first set way, and the roots will appropriate-the
t, and lettuce and other plants of the manure as needed. Tea and coffee
rden, up to squashes; and other plants grounds should be saved for the roses; '
the farm, are attacked by them. also soot is very good and will give them
rowing muskmelons and watermelons a deeper color. We save the water from
r Northern markets is now an impor- the week's washing and put it around
nt industry in the Southern States, the rose bushes; there is no danger of
pecially within easy reach of the ship- harm from pouring it on the bush. Do
ng ports, some hundreds of acres being this for a few months, and you will be
cupied by watermelons alone. The astonished at the growth of the bushes.
ower of melons, as well as cabbages, a
c., finds that his greatest obstacle to Keeping Bulbs over Winter.
access is in the attacks of cut worms.
various devices have been proposed to The following question and response,
ard off their attacks, but among these, appears in the last number of the Gar-
mne appears to be so sensible, or so dener's Monthly,
fective as that devised by Doctor A. "Will you please give some instruc-
emler, author of "Truck Farming for tions as to the best'way of preserving,
e South." Doctor Oemler kills off the during the winter, the bulbs of Gladio-
it worm before the plants appear. lus, Bermuda lilies, Amaryllis (summer
pon his watermelon fields he sets poison bloomers), Dahlias, Hyacinthus Can-
aps at about fifteen feet apart each dicans, and especially Cannas, which I
ay. These "traps" are cabbage or have never succeeded in keeping. Give
.rnip leaves, which have been mois- directions as to material in which to
ned on the concave side and then keep them, temperature, moisture, etc.,
ousted with a mixture of Paris green and by so doing you will probably
ith twenty parts of flour. These are oblige others besides your constant
laced over the fields, poisoned side reader."-L J.O.
own, at the distance above stated, be- Gladiolas are easily preserved, by
ore the plants appear. drying, and keeping anywhere in
qags, secure from frost. The whole
S Class of Lilium longiflorum and ex-
ROSE CULTURE. imium, to which the variety known as
---- the Harris or Bermuda lily belongs.

Ut LM-r.-- -ry- c. i koaric it, oi ran g rc.
II.---Some Directions as to Cul- oughtto be pottedinthefall, and kept in writes: "I must say that the FARMER6
I.--- an Pr opagation. a.cool place as we would a hyacinth. ANt) FRUT-GROWER is decidedly the best
ture a TOpgaO We believe it is or should be hardy, and publication of the kind in the State. I
BY S. L. REED. can be planted as other lilies are, in the takp them all and can compare their
Very beautiful hedges are grown from open ground before frost comes. Sum- merits."
the McCartney rose. The plants are set nmer flowering Amaryllis are easily kept harsthe eminent pro-
one foot apart, in a trench dug about over winter as dry'bulbs, but'it is best P of b, L. the emAgricultural ol-
ten inches deep. Plenty of good fert- -that they be not kept in a very .warm eso Mb ipi, says in the Southern
-izer.mustbe.-pt,:iilntheen-cache-. Set place or they shrivel Voo much. o legs of Misssippi, says in the Soultisni
" .. .. .... pnlr..6 a .. .. ... "ao Live Stock Journal: '"] is- [the editor's]
the cuttings about two inches'above February or March. Dabliaarvecut LbakLe paper already appearing in the
ground, somewhat slanted. Let these to the ground as soon as a white frost valuable paper already appearing inthe
grow the first year, but the second prune blackens the leaves, and are kept any first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
in January and July. Do this three or where just as one would keep potatoes., ion and prediction. They maybe fully
four years, according to the growth that Canuas can be kept dry, but rot if in too relied upon for consientious. correc-
is made. It should be about four feet cool a place. It is best to have them in ness of statement and scientific accur-
wide at the base, and trimmed to boxes of dry sand, stored away where acy of detail."
a point at the top. This beautiful the temperature does not fall below 40 or Hon. J. Wi. Ewan, writing from
hedge can be grown easily here, and is 50 degrees. Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly
a great addition to any place. We have you aredoingli a god workci in establish-
also heard of hedges made from the Bagging Grapes. lng an enlightened and scientific system
Scotch roses, white and yellow, and of agriculture, which heretofore has
planted alternately, which gives a very A Northern paper says; The experi- been seriously neglected. Your paper is
good effect. They make a good, round, ment of bagging grapes previous to inviting in appearance, pure in senti-
goodt hedge about three feet high their blooming, is being tried quite ex- ment, and progressive in principle, and
and two feet wide, the branches droop- tensively this year on C. H. Smith's vine- surely must succeed."
ing to the ground as is their habit; their yard at Vineland, New Jersey, and Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distinguished
loveliness is excelled only by their fra- there is every indication that the exper- horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger-
grance. Someeof our roses can begrown ment willprove a success, both as a pre- mantown nurseries, in a letter dated
into treesifrightly trinimed. The wild ventive of rose bug ravages and rot March 5th, writes: "'I am very much
rose grows very thrifty and high in The clusters on the Smith farm, which. pleased with the FARMER AND FRUIT-
some of our bays and hammocdks. It i were bagged a week previous to the GROWER, and shall read it regularly,
being a native rose could be easily trans- time of blooming, are filling out finely, which you know is a high, compliment
planted and budded with the everbear- and it is thought this method will be foraneditortopaytoanexchange."
ing varieties. quite generally adopted next yea Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
In Northern rose culture we read,
mulch the rose becuwith well rotted Enormous Fruit Consumption. follows: "I look upon your paper as
"mulch the rose bed wih well roed Enone of the most valuable additions to
mandre in early spring for a liberal dis- The largest lot of strawberries ever our agricultural interests. It is ably
play of June roses." So we will mulch shipped in one day this year over the edited, practical, directs attention to
purs in early fall for a liberal display of Delaware Railroad, is said to have been matters of primary importance in the
winter flowers. No matter what else one hundred and ninety-five car loads; development of our various industries,
may be "out of season," flowers never It beats the coal trains, only it does not and carries with ita spirit of energy and
are. last long. Many-a little finger gathered enterprise that must address itself to ev-
One way of propagating the rose is bY those berries, and they gave pleasure to ery searcher after information."
budding. Make a perpendicular slit a many a little mouth.
little more than an inch in length, at the The number of melons consumed in Mr. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas,
bottom of this make a horizontal one; the city of Philadelphia during the sea- Duval county, writes under date of
cut your bud in shape, leaving but little son of 1886, is estimated at. fifteen mil- April 26tbh: ". TH FLORIDA FARMER AND
wood, and rather hollow, so it will fit lions, yet this is not much spread over a FRUIT. GRWER has far surpassed expec-
the round stem; lift. the bark at the city that stands on one hundred and stations. It sheds light on many obscure
cross and push the bud up, and wind a forty square miles.-Ex. pages in the book of Florida's possibili-
cloth round to keep it firm. A waxed ties in fruit, forage,'-live stock and in the
strip will, prevent the rain from getting T development of her vast store of hidden
to the bud, and this is the reason for HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED resources." .
having the cross cut at the bottom of.the Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights,
perpendicular one, to prevent theater A Few of Many Expressions ot writes, under date of July 2: "You can
from running down into the cut.
f rom ru g dow opagate is bycutaking Approval. not imagine the solid comfort I get from
Another way to propagate is taking r i the sensible advice given in the FARMER
a young branch without severingit from Mr.-F. E. Heath, of New York City, AMD FiTa-GROWER in all matters per
the bush, cut a slit just below a leaf bud, writes under date of September 26th: training to. the farm, from your able
push the branch through the hole of-the "Your paper can stand comparison with corps of contributors and the logical
flower-pot until the slit is in the pot and long established agricultural journals in corps of the editor. The paperlogiaod-
a the branch two or three inches above the North; and it is beyond comparison send to the granger who is threading
the top, or about that when filled with the best of this class ever published per- the labyrinthan ways of Florida farming
dirt. After filling with sandysoil be tainig to Florida." and fruit growing."
careful uot to break the branch from the Mr. R. J. Wright,.of Tangerine, writes oW -
main bush. Keep this wet. and the as follows: -Your paper has more than Mr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes:
branch will soon root. Then cut oTff the held its own, and is getting better every "The new paper is just what allengaged
main stalk at the bottom, and the rooted week. There is a-freshness about it that in tilling the soil should have. We like
a branch in the pot will not need to be niakes every number an agreeable sur- the style in which it is managed. Facts
e disturbed. In this way the branch will prise." the andvaneot boom talk is what is needed for
o draw strength from the parent bush, and Mr. Ezra A. Osborne, the owner of the the advancement of Florida. -
t this process seldom fails, even with the immense cocoanut groves on the south- Mr. John A. Germond, of Keuka,
mo.t difficult kinds to propagate. ern coast, writes from his home in New writes, under date of July 5, as follows:
Another method is to take the young- Jersey: "The FARMER AND FRUIT- "I consider the FARMER AND FRUIT-
est wood of this year's growth, several GROWER is ahead of any other paper I GROWER the peer of any agricultural
,inches in a.-ngth, with the buds one at have seenin showingus Northerners the paper published in the South."
each end, lay it in a saucer of water and great agricultural advantages of Flor- Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset Fla
cover the end with sand an inch deep, ida." writers. A. .follows .,"We are ne, co .,
a keep ift'saturated with water,-and in a 1a. writes as follows: We are new comers
Sshorttime it will root, and can he care- Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and and havemuch to learn, and your paper
a fully transplanted into a pot. Or a bot- stationer of Palatka, writes, under date isjust what w1ve wished for ever
f tie can be filled half full of sand, and of June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER AND. since we arrived ire. 'Our Cosy Cor-
Sthen filled with water, the cutting placed FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It ner'-contains just what every woman in
i in it, aud in five or six weeks break the is farshead of anything of the kind in Florida ought to read, words of encour-
Sbottle and carefully place the plantr, sand the State, and every one interested in agement and comfort to the homesick,
s and all. in a pot without disturbing the hortIeultureor agriculture should not be weary, struggling sisterhood. God
e r-oots, and it will grow right alotgfn, vioithut it.' bless 'H. H.' May she live to write
e have found the best time to pro gat& Capai. E. Rose, president of the St. p -oLrds of cheer. Her recipes, too,
r or bud roses isin August or September. Clouds agricultural and Improvement eUll suited to Florida. As our
We have easily rooted cuttings'aese Co., `wdvres from Kissimmee, under .or in the country are limited,
2- months in the pots were they we.e to date* of June 10th, as follows: "The tC 'l'alarge want."

^ ~~M A b *

ARMER continues to improve, and, as I.
predicted, is becoming the standard ag-
icultural journal of the South."
Mr. G M. Whetston, %f*'Mikesville,
0olumbia county, writes under date of
Lugust 80: "The FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER is the best journal of its kind in
he South. It is doing a good work
oward advancing farming industry in
Mr. F. S. Sprague, of Federal Point,
xpresses his opinion as follows: "I have
aken agricultural and horticultural pa-
pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro-
GROWER far superior to them all. You
need not entertain fears for its success.
Its merits will win its way. Please send
me an extra copy to send to a friend in
Michigan, who will probably wish to
Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green
Land and Improvement Company,
writes under date of May 2d: "We
the best to be had for farmers in Flor-
ida. We always get new ideas from it."
Mr. E. W. Amsden, of Ormond-on-the-
Halifax, whites as follows : "I am tak-
ing ten papers on agricultural subjects,
and if asked to surrender the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER, I would tell them
to take the other nine, but leave me
that. May peace and plenty and years
of grace be given you to continue the
good work."
Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county,
writes: "I believe your paper will do a
good work in disseminating new ideas in
regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
raising, etc."
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
"Judging from what I have seen of the
best agricultural-paper published in the
South. I predict immense success for it."
Prof. S. N. Whitner, of the. Agricul-
tural College of Florida, writes as fol-
lows; "I can say in all sincerity, it has
exceeded my most sanguine expectations.
Already it is without a peer in all. the
Mr. Charles W. Stevens, of Orange
county, writes: "Your paper far ex-
ceeds the hopes of the most sanguine
in its good work. It fills a want
long felt in this part for a good ag-
ricultural paper. Success to you."
Mr. B. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala.
bar, writes: "I am delighted with th(
ommend it to all on account of its com-
plete adaptation to the wants of this lat
r CHG TT dif 'n-nrih i-f fOronea Park



Weeito Jom&al,







This journal wll have for its leading objectt
thepromotion 'i rmral industremtr, Florida, and
will advocate repeciaUy a more diversiled and
intensive syst-em of areicaliare and greater
economy of home resources.
Asuiming thattheaghrilaniruraladaptanonaof
a large portion of Florida are ai yet bnt unper-
fcetly understood, a special aim o, this journal
wil be qrscribe ihe best results which have
been accomplished, with the exact methods em-
ployed. and 'Ail iiordences affecting sucn results;
aleo t.., uggeoTexrperumet, describe new or bhtle
known crop;, uiisL, etc., and record theprogress
of agriculture in neighbormg Stames.
C'mmnien.,nag with the 1ftlrs number and'coe-
tinnaing through the se-aon fOr ..
.. ,.*......1 :-- <-Mt-,*,

Tree Planting,

'there. wTil be a series of arcties on traits--tt
than thi e of tho cirrus group-which *
proved most successful in s ki Staae. Each4
rnery wiU be described and

And there will be notes from persons w
had e-perae-e in its mnidriaon. This wit
fodowed by a similar series on

Forage Plants,-
And orner subjects will be dillusraLed to a tim
extent. t,
Mueh attention will be devoted to -

Live Stock :
Arnd to the home production of forage and for
zers, rwo c,,conomteB which are essential to E
cefeul farming. -
A due amount of space will be devodie
housbchol'd economy andi to reports of'the n
kets, and the deparuments of '

Practice, .
wul be contibuied to by person4_wbo baimi
specialnes of those branches. ', "''
All portions of the State willreceive
amount of attention, and their idteresAil
represented by able correspondejst. s
Under no cLrcmtmmances will t.tfl joa0"
come the organ" of any asiciatio6,
It wdillart out unrrammneUed and
&oet all seerions and mierests'witth allu

Published at Jacksonville onW
of each week.

One Tear .........
Six Month
Three Months

Address subscriptions an&d'o.hierbi
monlcations o .

Communaicatious for .be edito5l
should be addressed








- AND-,


. -







II.-Insect Enemies-Field Man
agement and Housing.

There is a worm which attacks th
plant below ground, which is known by
-. the plant becoming languid and fading
In the morning the ground must be duE
carefully so as not to injure the roots
It is then found, taken out and killed
At night this same worm will be found
on the plant eating it. It is about twc
Inches long, ash colored, with yellow
stripes, black head, hard and with twc
teeth. It is called the Cachazudo o:
The Cogollero, or cabbage-eater, pro
created by a white butterfly which nest
in the bud of the plant, is another de
structive worm, one and a half inche
long, not as thick as the first, of a whit
colors with black creases, black head
hard and armed with two teeth. -Ii
bores the leaves and finishes by destroy
ing the plant. To annihilate these each
plant must be inspected and the worm
taken from it and killed. Primavera or
Spring is another which enters on its
work of destruction similar to the pre
ceding. El Gordo, "the Fat," is another
which cuts off the leaves. The large
ant, the snail and the grasshopper are
other enemies injurious to the plant, bui
not so fatal. The ant is destroyed bh
sulphurous gas mixed with the smoke o
"tobacco stems.
At the same time that care is taken to
destroy the worms, when the plant ii
one and a half feet high, the soil is hoed
and drawn around each plant, and this
should be done before the sun is too high,
or on cloudy days, and care taken not t(
injure root, stalk or lower leaves of the
About this time, or about two month
after planting, the flowers appear, the
plant having about nine to twelve
leaves, and then it is topped, which is
easily done with the thumb nail. By
doing this the leaves grow and widen, as
the sap which went to the button or
flower now flows to the leaves, giving
them quality and fragrance.
After tol ping the plants, young
sprouts or shoots make their appear-
ance, and these are taken off, to do which
the plants should be inspected constant-
ly, otherwise they would absorb the sap,
preventing the growth of the leaves and
their acquiring the necessary quality,
color and aroma, and this is called clip-
... When the tobacco grower wishes to
obtain tobacco of a light color and weak,
he will leave the sprouts, and the leaves
be gets from these plants will be light.
When the -sprouts are taken from the
plant the leaves acquire the color of cin-
namon, lighter or darker, and the qual-
ity is strong. granulous or sandy and
burns well.
nrURtIN AND CrrrtINu.
After taking off the sprouts three or
four times, the leaves begin to mature,
which is easily perceived as in turning
from green to yellow they wrinkle and
droop languidly, and become saturated
with a sticking syrupy Liquid, which is
more or-less abundant according to the
rains, which, if abundant, wash off the
asifface. Tobacco which is not cut ma-
ture will never have a good taste, and is
subject to break up early.
While in a state of maturity as above
mentioned, the cutting is done with a
curved knife, beginning from above and
cutting from two to three leaves -joined
to the stalk, until the roots are reached.
G generally each plant gives five cuttings,
or where there are ten leaves; where
there are twelve leaves, six cuttings.
The first three cuttings, called corona or
crown, produce capas or wrappers; the
other three, lbra de pie, and produce
The cuttings are left on the ground.
taking care the leaves are not broken,
for if so. fifteen minutes, exposure to the
sun will produce decay. When this is
done, laths or thin poles are laid on two
sticks about four and a half feet from
the ground, the wrappers and fillers are
separated and laid on them, care being
taken that they are in the shade, for if
the sun reaches them the leaves are
burnt, and in selecting a bad result is
obtained. When the laths or poles are
covered with the faded leaves, they are
taken up by two persons, one on either
end. and.they are taken to the tobacco
house. vThe size of the laths or poles is
generally eighteen feet in length and will
hold-150 to 200 cut tings.
Tobacco which is sown early is cut in
September and October. as its growth is
obtained during the rainy months. The
intelligent tobacco grower, in cutting
the leaves by twos and placing them on
the ground to fade, separates them ac-
cording to size and quality, so as to
place them on-the laths or poles by
classes. By so doing he obtains two ad-
._antages. First, the fermentation and
ripenmng is more perfect when leaves of
the same quality are together. Second,
in making the selection. As the leaves of
Sthe same quality and size are already to-
gethe_-there ia a saving of time and
: labor. "-
"" Is constructed of square shape and Is
:' thatched. Its size must depend on the
:- amountof tobacco produced by the plant-
er. Isa sides are well protected, and on
: "each end there should.be a door facing
*_.-" east and w.est. Facing north and south
--- there should be dead light, with doors to
-. open and dcle. The object of this is to
give the tobacco such amount of ventila-
Stion as it may require.
.-:" Ascaffolding is placed at convenient
i- distances, on which to hang the laths or
: -poles, ope above the other, but so sepa-
S rated thit the edds of the leaves.of those
S above do not.touch those underS. It is so
: fixed as to allow a passage in the centre
; ,-'-- '-

of some width. In the latter, the curing
or maturing, pressing, selecting, betimai
or washing, cabezear or heading, whici
is putting together the stretched leaves
manojear or bunching, and baling o
packing are done.
From the moment the laths or pole
are taken from the field to the tobacco
house, they are placed on the scantling
or scaffolding near each other, whici
produces fermentation and a loss of hea
in the leaves which causes them to ma
e ture, and which takes place in three or
y four days. At this period the greates-
. care is necessary, as sometimes, ow:ng
g to atmospheric changes or to the placing
3. on the laths or poles leaves which had
L, been exposed to the sun and were hot
d the fermentation becomes too strong anc
o passes to the stage of rottenness, whici
r the Vequeros or tobacco growers call sa-
o horno, which occasions great loss. It ii
r therefore necessary to observe closely or
the third day the state of the leaves and
degree of heat of the fermentation, and
s avoid placing on the laths or poles
- leaves which have been heated by the
s sun. If there is too much fermentation.
e or emission of heat, open the doors and
, dead lights so as to allow the air to cir-
Sculate between them, after leaving a
greater pace between each lath or pole
and this will avoid putrefaction.
a If the cutting is made in damp weather,
r in which the leaves require ventilation.
s the laths or poles are placed low and at
- a distance of nine inches from each oth-
r er, and on the fourth day the leaves will
e be of the yellow shade termed Maduro.
SThe laths or poles on which sweating
t leaves may be found, should be placed in
the sun, for which a line or cord should
f be used, on which place the cuttings sc
that the sun may shine on the stems.
An ammoniacal smell within tobacco
houses indicates rust and decay of the
0 leaves on the laths or poles. On the
s fourth day the latter are separated about
four inches from each other;,so that the
leaves may go on gradually drying. Be
Careful that no-worms find their way to
o the tobacco house, as they would soon
e injure the leaves materially.


F The System Commonly Pursued
' in the Southern States.
By way of response to certain in-
quiries, we reproduce the the following from
Flint's American Farmer:
An exceedingly warm climate, and a
soil of deep, rich, moist loam, are the
best conditions suited to the production
of sugar cane. A surplus of water is
detrimental to the crop, therefore, the
land. should be well drained, either nat-
urally or artificially. The. system of
culture, as previously followed in this
country, has not been of that character
which would produce the best results.
Hence, great losses have been sustained
by the planter, both on account of agri-
cultural methods practiced in its produc-
tion and the mechanical appliances em-
ployed in extracting the saccharine mat-
ter from the cane.
The successive planting of the same
cane, together with a lack of proper cul-
tivation and sufficient manure,-have re-
sulted ingreatly deteriorating the qual-
ity and yield of the sugar product. The
establishing of an improved system of
cultivation-of which there are at pres-
ent strong indications-and improve-
ment in quality of seed, through impor-
tat ions from other latitudes, will result
in larger profits and a surer test of the
possibilities of this crop than have ever
yet been obtained.
A proper system of drainage is too
often overlooked in the cultivation of
the sugar cane. There are many low,
marshy tracts, at present entirely unuc-
cupied for any agricultural purposes,
that by a proper system of drainage
would make rich and highly productive
sugar lands; while there are sugar plan-
tations in cultivation, which, with im-
proved drainage, could be made to pro-
duce nearly twice the present amount.
The soil for cane should be. deeply
plowed and well pulverized. It should
be kept well fertilized to prevent ex-
haustion, by supplying those elements of
plant food that are essential to the
growth of the crop Chemical fertilizers,
such as lime, gypsum and the super-
phosphates, are used with good effect,
but. animal manures, or those contain-
ing a large proportion of nitrogen, when
too liberally applied, are thought ti pro
duce plants the juice of which is less
rich in sugar, and contains more impuri-
ties than the former. When stable ma-
nure is used, it should be well fermented.
either before or after its application, or
by being plowed in a sufficiently long
time before planting the cuttings. in or-
der to admit of its becoming perfectly
decomposed in the soil. All f, rtilizers
should, be well worked into the soil with
the harrow or cultivator.
The propagation of the cane is effected
by cuttings; the cuttings for the purpose
being produced by planting the seed.
The seed is of necessity imported, since
it does not become perfectly ripe in the
sugar producing belt of this country. It
is obtained principally from Otaheite. It.
is of the utmost importance that the
propagation, either by cuttings or seed,
should be from the very best cane. Such
cane should not only be the best varieties
that can be obtained, but the strongest
and most healthy plants of such varieties.
Any neglect or carelessness in this re-
spect will affect very materially the qual-
ity and yield of the crop, and may cause
a serious loss to the planter.
The cuttings for planting are taken
from the main stalks, and are generally
from fifteen to'twenity inches in length.
They are plarledgin trenches or drills,
and so placed thlt the eyes, which are
on the opposite side of alternate joints,
should be on the sides. The stalks are
placed quite near each other in the row,
so as to furnish plants when grown that
will be from six to eigh L h apart.
Sometimes a double row -.of-i lke is

g planted, but, unless the trenchesabe suf
r ficiently far apart, the plants will be lia
h ble to be crowded. The stalks are cov
3, ered to the depth of from two to there
r inches of soil. Agricultural implement
for covering and pressing the soil upoi
the cuttings, are a great saving of tim
and labor.
s The planting may be done either in th
spring or fall. Different varieties should
g not be planted together, or near eaol
other, as there is a great tendency to
mix in this species of plants, which is at
injury to the product, pure varieties be
r ing the most desirable. The shoot
t which the cuttings send up will be large
g enough to cut in from ten to fourteen
d months after planting. After cutting,
d new growth of shoots will spring up
from the roots called "rattoons," whiol
produce the next crop, and so on, this
Process being repeated to the ex
tent that a single planting will supply
cane for several years. In Louisiana, on
a account of constant deterioration, it is
necessary to re-plant from cuttings
every third or fourth year, one-fourth of
s the land devoted to sugar culture being
e employed for propagation 5f the'cuttingi
from which the cane on the other three.
fourths is grown.
In the West Indies, one planting wil
last from five to ten years, while in somni
Sections it has been known to supply
cane for nearly twenty years before the
old roots died out. Such cases are, how-
ever, rare. The cane will flower in from
twelve to twenty months after planting.
The cuttings should always be planted
-in rows at a sufficient distance apart tc
dmit of space for growth and cultiva-
tion. The cultivator should be used
frequently in order to keep out the weeds
and grass and to promote the growth of
the cane by keeping the surface mellow,
The last cultivation given before harvest-
ing is generally in the early part of June.
At this time the soil is brought up
around the roots and stalks of the plants,
t to the depth of from three to four inches.
It is then left to ripen.
The sugar cane beetle is the most de-
structive enemy of this product known.
The borer is also quite destructive in
some sections. Various methods have
been employed to exterminate these
Sets, but none have proved very ef-
Thecane commences to ripen at the bot-
tom of the stalk, the ripening process ex-
tending upward at the rate of one inch per
day. When sufficiently ripe for harvest-
ing, which will be indicated by its ap-
pearance, the tops of the plants are first
cut down as far as the leaves are dry.
The leaves are then all pulled off from
the stalks while standing in the field,
the stalks cut close to the ground, and
taken at once to the sugar mill.
The cutting of the cone should be as
close to the ground as possible, since the
lowest joints of the stalk are richest in
saccharine or sugar producing matter;
besides, the sprouts or rattoons will
grow more vigorously when the old
stalks are cut close than when left stand-
ing above the surface of the- ground.
The best results are obtained from cane
when it. is worked up within twenty-four
hours after being cut in the field. It
has sometimes been the practice, when
not convenient to do this, to leave the
tops on the stalks, and cut'and pile them
in the field in long rows, to the height of
three or four feet, the tops of the cane
from one hill being thrown over the ends
of another, and so on, putting the stalks
from three or four rows together. It has
frequently been kept three or four weeks
in this way before taking it to the mill,
and without Any apparent injury from
frost, unless it be unusually severe. This'
practice is not, however, to be recom-
mended, as it has been found that the
product is in this way injured. In such
cases, the tops should be cut off just be-
fore expressing the juice. It is better
to have the cane taken to the mill as
soon as cut, if practicable,
Implements for cutting the crop have
been invented which greatly facilitate
the' method of hand labor.- It should
always be harvested before the frost
makes its appearance. The tops and
leaves may be used for feeding stock,
utilized in the compost heap, or left on
the ground for manure. The tops
should never be planted, as this will re-
suit in deterioration of the crop. Only
the best parts of the stalks of thrifty
plants should ever be used for cutting. "

Wild Herbage for Compost.
Sisco, Putnam Co., Oct. 1, 1887.
Editor Florida Farmer andlYtuit-Grower:
If there be the virtue in wire grass as
a fertilizer claimed by Mr. Horne. his
formula given in this week's issue is of
incalculable value. Personally I think
he is right, but if a practical agricultural
chemist would give in the columns of
your invaluable paper an analysis there-
.of, it would carry great weight among
persons who may not be ready, to adopt
what they may consider a "fad"-of your
correspondent. I would suggest that a
little gypsum be added to the compost to
prevent the escape of ammonia, arid that
the heap be covered as a protection
against leaching by heavy rains.
The subject of manures is one of vital
importance to Florida, and any one who
can give information which will render
farmers independent of commercial fer-
tilizers, deserves the thanks of the
I cannot help thinking that a great
amount of waste ia going on which
might be avoided, and useful ma-
terial saved for our farms and groves.
Firstly,_is it not a mistake to burn the
trees? Would it not be better to bury
them below the depth of the plow, or
even stack them and await their decay,
when they could be used as a fertilizer?
Again, in burning fire lines, if a little
extra labor were employed, and the wire
grass, etc., composted as suggested by
Mr. Horne, or even put into a pen and a
few pigs allowed to trample it, a saving
would be effected. A small'covere.dpit
should be made close to the house, t
Irash should be thrown if.fad all hous
slops, soap suds. etc., depiosited, fresh

---a TRADE


Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
Rats are smart, but "tROUGH oN RATS" beats
them. Clears out Rats, Mice, Roaches, Water
Bugs, Flies, Beetles, Moths, Ants, Mosquitoes
Bed-bugs, Insects, Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
Skunks. Weasel, Gophers, Chipmunks, Moles,
Musk ats, Jack abbits. Squirrels. 15c. & 25o

"RoUGH oN RATS" is a complete preventive
and destroyer of Hen Lice. Mix a 6c. box of .
' ROUG o RBATS" to a pai] c'r ti-iwab,
keep it well stirred up while appiyinl; White.
wash the whole interior of the Hennery; inside
and outside of the nests. The cure is radical
andcomplete. POTATO BUIS
'*,, For Potato Bugs, Insects on
or a Vines Shrubs, Tre, 1 pound
or hal the contents of a $1.00
Sbox of "RouTH oK ATs"( Agri-
'*AV SSKK cultural Size) to be thoro 1;hly
mixed with one to two barrels
of plaster, or what is better air
S slacked lime Much depends
.upon thorough mixing, so as
to completely distribute the poison. Sprinkle-
It on plants, trees or shrubs when damp or
wet, and is quite effective when mixed with
lime, dusted on without moisture. While In
its concentrated state it is the most active
and strongest of all Bug Poisons; when mixed
az aesh:,re 13 cmparatvly ar"niest io aaJ.
mrale 'r prs,:,.E, ,. any qufantiry they would
tade ti pr-ferred t.: use Hi liquJd torm,.atable.
6p:O'L u th full irrengto 'Rovoa oN Rals"
Powdr, well haken, in a keg of water and
appl-I' 1 tlh a sirinkliDEr" i.:,.- stELray -str;ge
o'r wrik br.-.,,m. nil be f-unid vtryv "effecire.
K,,:o it wIl' stirrdJ up while uririe Sol. oy
a.. Drui-.sti ar St.r.ke. rt -rs e 1. .'T N J&
E. S. WrLL.. Cbet-ot, Jm-sey C'iry. N J.

-.,--.- -FOR SALE;------
lN-) Loijrats 18 t, 36o eae6 inB height, rEtekt,
thre e ear-E romri -d,o.n.e traup[r.ante,i. weilL
rP,,-:.ra. -e ele t, frnOl el, r.: frul rowu
by E. H. Hrftit, rif Fe-ieral Puint. AIs,, lr oe
Scuppereongand Thomas Grape Vines, two and
three years f'oir layers, strong and well rooted.
Ado.'-es, 0. R. THACHER,
Fairview Nurseries, San Mateo, Fla




Buds not placed on small stocks, but en extra
large and ilneoe.. n.

We make a specialty of the


(the earliest variety known),
tnd can show.trees ol the latter that stood the
cold last winter as well.as the Orange, ind

Send for Catalogue.
Pr 0. Wiute-rParl Fi

Mississippi Valley Poultry Yards,


Breeds Prize Winning,
Plymouth Bocks, Wyandottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.

Won all the Leading Prizes at the
North Mississippi Poultry Show at
Waler Valley, Feb. 9 to 12, 1887.
Farmers wishing to improve their stock can
get SPECIALL BARGAINS of me. I also sell a
First-Class Ilicubator,
Poultry Journals and Books at Reduced Prices.
lened for Catalogue and Price List, free; or
wrice for wants.
Please menrion this paper.


- Choice Field and Garden Seeds,

And also carries
plements. Cata


earth being occasionally thrown in,
when no unpleasant smell would arise.
Earth closets should be the unvarying
rule, instead of open, cesspools, the
former being free from stench and saving
valuable manure; the latter unwhole-
some nuisances, wasting it.
In conclusion, I must say I think you
are doing a great, work with your sensi-
ble paper. I never take it up but I learn
something. J. KENNARD.
[Mr. Hornme did not refer to the dry,
upland wire grass, but to that of low
lands; and probably he did not use the
term in a specific sense, but as compris-
ing hundreds of different kinds of coarse
grasses that grow in such localities. The
sod that covers winter ponds, taken off
an inch or two below the surface in sum-
mer or fall, would furnish a good foun-
dation for compost. Rotted sod is the
florist's favorite, material for potting
plants. Although there is not much
genuine sod in Florida, yet on pine lands
subject to overflow there is a dense
growth of herbage and matted roots
which might be made to serve a good
purpose. Around bay-heads, also, there
is a very rank growth of herbs and
grasses, and these are good places for
building up compost heaps.-A. H. 0C.


J-A.Io~SOTVILTLEJ, :F-iA.--, :


We are now prepared to furnish

In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.,

Catalogue sent free on application.


Kelsey Jamai PHimi,, Olie Trces, OragisFiS, Lem0noIs, Pcans,
Bythedo-L, INundrc ..r tliaoand, ialo a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Florida and the- sul' rtu'.ts. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season
o0 I'.7- Write .>r Prices. Catalogue free on application.
SGLEN T MARY BSEREBS, &.L. TaOer, PrOp, Gn St. Mary, ria

Are in readiness to Mail FREE, on application,

to any address. Communicate with E. H. TISON, Manager, Lakeland, Polk Co., Fla.
size 40x100 .A. W on iLa"ke ingsley. Clay Co.. only 810. A
W73 feetin -L-Aa 5'C- choice 5-acre Iract for an ORANGE
GROVE costs bnt t1lo.
S figh r:,lmng Pn Lr,.Iz, Salu.ri.ii3 Climate, a 'g..:,.l r, T Et- r A
men. Snd 2-e<.nt ,inrn .: .r Mar.p, et., or revii P. ) O r Jr r I l
Bank Drirr t.:..J,:HN T. TALB.T1, nMi get Warrn-anty Dee.j. Itle L IDA
perive,, fro the,
TIPOR IO .IA. T .AI.NTID OOnef A.I1 ay r-,
P. 0. Box 11S..IacksonviUle. Florida, 39 W. Bay St.

O --Y7ID=E'S

New York, Charleston and Florida


The elegant EstsUmers of th-e lines are tippo)Lrnted to Esadl
Steamersare a p.intsd.to, sail fr':.m Pier i,. E. R New Yo.rkevEr-r TUESDDAY an.i FRIDAY
at 8p. ru. T -.ia-,.- ,m.p for Ferri.indi ah.wl Fri A5r. 7',sbil..s f.fr J K.:J rikv;lile.
TI ne Freight and Passenger accouunJodati,.n. L: tis LBtn- ar un.urp.d. Every artfnrsion
w 1 e .,i re bh'i'. L.- ''tr'imi. to th Lie. D *r,-:r .t I-frpFweubl from New York r-ii CLYDE'S-
FLORIIA LNE, P 'ATE East Rirv-r. F.,r rl,.-r irco.,rn i,.,n rspiy t, o"
J. A. STEAD, Ag't, F. M1. IRONMONER, .JR., G. F. a P. A, .T A. LESLIE, A't
Ferhnar.in, Fla. Jan is.: u..:u-ie, Fin. a W. Bay ,., JaIk.I rl. l Fla
THE". .. E.ER, Tr.,ulc Manag,:r. WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen. Ag'Is,
S .Broadway, N. T. 12 S. Wb-rvrc, PiUSi., Ps., i. Bro.away. New York

a full Line of Agricultural Im- 7 1 '
logues free on application."


Tells how to grow and-prepare the Fig, and describes our new fig-
Only genuine "Fig of Commerce," and tinc idlnst lig in the w',ril. Aleo, Troi,ni.al anD NE w F
and the finest stock of NUTS in the count r. Ad. drewI. w 'aLtIam0rP.
-Ctlter, Dad, C..unty, Fla.

Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
We make a specialty of the distinctive varieties of Citru 'N-rseri- l'rr-e.. en as Dihible
Imperial, Riverside (buds personally selected by a member of ..r (. in i utdorn u', and
Washington Navels, Maltese Blood, Hart's Tard;if, DU Rot, ..tli, -1 ,rs'- 5.-. Il,--., Fr~n,re,
etc. In Lemons we have Villa Franca, BelainPremium, Sicily, Genoa and Eui'-ek Al, Ihit
Limes, Peaches (Bidwell's Early, etc.),hlums, White Adriatic figs, etc., etc...
Our Stock is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Catalogue free on application.
Address, A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, la.



The Florida Farmer anft Frut Qrower

A. JR. CURTISS. Editor.

Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
Industrial interests ofFlorida. It is published
every Wednesday.
Terms of Subscription.
For one year........... S 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs of five to .one address..................... 7.50
With daily TIMES-UNION, one year ...... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year.-..... 2.75
0f-Subscrlptions In all cases cash In ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed is the date to which the subscrip-
tion is paid and is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that date; if the date is not
changed Immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
this paper. Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as a'guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
not be returned.
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of
S.Jacksonville Fla

FIRST PAGE.-The Peach in Florida; A Choice
Promegranate; The Cottony Cushion Scale (1I-
lustrated); Removing Scales with Paste; Rus-
set Oranges; Castor l'eansin the Grove; Wine
from Frozen Oranges; .Fruitful Date Palms;
Sea Weeds (Ilustrated); Keeping off Birds;
Buried Seeds; Ageing Wine by Electricity;
Topics for Correspondents.,
SEcoND PAGE-Orange Culture Abroad; Best.
Way to Produce Varieties; Clean Culture
North and South; The Squash Vine Borer; Cut
Worms; Rose Culture; Keeping Bulbs over
Winter; Enormous Consumption of Fruit.
THIRD PAGE-Tobacco in Cuba; Sugar Cane Cul-
ture; Wild Herbage for Compost; A New Use
FOUarTH PAGE-Answers t3 Correspondents; A
Wasted Product of the Sea; Is it a Lost Art?
Interesting to Orange Growers; Another
Home Industry; The Farmer's Perplexities;
Why Some Farmers Fall Behind; The Farm-
ers' Union; The Alliance in Levy County.
FIFTH PAGE-Our Home Circle; Our Cosy Corner;
Answers to Correspondents; The Family
Friend; Ourb Young Folks' Corner; The
S Family Exchange..
SIXTH PAGE-Jaundice in Animals; Ailments
ofHorses; ShoeHorses Lightly; Test of Oleo-
margari -e; How to Kill Calves; Good Water
forCows; Sheep Husbandry; The Feeding of
SHogs; Care of Poultry in Fall; Rotation of
Crops and Flocks; Transferring Bees; Increas-
ing Swarms. -
Sferrrs Pao--Fatri "Sr;-?i'll ,at Ilitii,-i'tiidj;
- -^ -N-Pni~ie .i. OS^-ng -- -
SF-iSTE PaOn-St-'t, New-: in Briel: Hr'.,
iiut nr..-ri ; A Lett-r i l.iu Da.,e c".'h1im7; Iatr
:-'a-i:h E rera in ltor; N i-". P.-,.rai Ri .si ;
Weather Record; Market Reports.
*' S


G. T. G. asks foriiformation in regard
to "a Mexican or Californian grass, or
plant called 'Filaree.' This is the Ero-
dium cicutareium, a delicate annual her-
baceous plant belonging to the geranium
Family. It is a native of the Eastern
Continent, and apparently of California.
It is found spontaneous in some of the
Northern States, but not in the Southern,
and probably it would not pay for culti-
vation east of the Mississippi. But in
the far West it grows luxuriantly and
for early grazing is unsurpassed. : It is
known there by such names as "alfila-
ria," "filaree," "piu clover," and "pin
grass." The last two names, and its En-
Sglish names, "stork's bill" and. "heron's
bill." refer to the peculiar, shape of its
feed vessels. -.
SUBSCRIBER wishes to know the best
S :means of destroying nut grass. Thetwo
most effectual methods have the same
end in view, the shutting ctff of the life
giving light from the plant. This may
,- he accompiished'by keeping the ground.
continuously covered -with crops like'
peas andl rye fora year or so. ,But it is
di -icult to carry out tis plan with suf-
ficient thoroighness. The hest way is
to deprive the roots of their tops0contin-
uouily by frequent use of hoe or sweep.
S: and thereby exhaust their vitality.
Any amount of digging out of toots is
labor lost.. .. .
L. S. K. may probably obtain seeds of
S the Bacihaciri's. tea by addressing Mr.
Matt Coleman., Lady Lake. Fla. As to
the originator of the "Unknown Pea,"
our only clue is that some of them were
tried by Waldo F. Brown, Butler coun-
ty, Ohio." His post-office might be
learned by addressing the editor of the
;. Cou.,iitry Genlelima, Albany, N. Y.
How to obtain Hon. A. N. Cole's book,
Sthe "New Agriculture,' may be ascer-
S: tainted by addressing the author, at Wells
viI,, N. Y Within a month he will
probably boat Lake Helen, Fla.
Asa Gibbons, of Winter Haven, Fla.,
wishes to learn the address of a Mr.
Richardson "who entered laqd at or
near Lake Annie, Polk county.'" Unless
Mr. G. obtains the address, through the
courtesy of some of our readers, let .him

try the Register of the Land Office, at
We beg to remind our readers that in
making such inquiries as we suggest
above, they should, when addressing
strangers who have no interest in the
matter, inclose a stamped and ad-
dressed envelope or postal card for re-
T. P. C. wishes to know how to pro-
tect cucumber vines from the "Hessian
fly" and from "a worm that seems to go
through the vine." Probably the fly re-
ferred to is the cucumber flea beetle,
which may be driven off by dusting with
soot or freshly slaked lime. The worm
probably is the squash vine borer, con-
cerning which an article will be found on
second page of this issue.
A. G,. sends, a twig of guava affected
by some sort of insect which has re-
cently appeared in Polk county, on the
guava, orange, etc. We have referred
this to the entomologist of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture, and expect to have
a report from him for next issue.
The desired information in regard to
sugar cane may be contained in article on
an inside page. As to the management of
cane in South Florida, we have no
special knowledge of the system pur-
sued at present, but hope to have reports
before long.
G. T.. G. sends a specimen of Eleusine
Indica, referWed to by us in issue of Oc-
tober 5th. Itjs a more succulent grass
than the Egyptian crow-foot (E, ,&gyp-
tiaea), which has fewer, shorter and
bristly seed spikes.

Mr. Amsden's letter relating to the
economic qualities of sea weeds, intro-
duces a subject to' our columns which
well deserves consideration. An incal-
culable quantity of this natural fertilizer
is continually going to waste on Flor-
ida's almost interminable sea coast and in
her numerous bays and lagoons. To
what extent it can be used profitably, is
a question yet to be decided. A large
portion of the coast on which it is thrown,
consists of almost uninhabited sand bars,
from which it cannot well be transport-
ed inland by.-wagou. We learn from
a Freunch work that "tIhe peasants of Brit-
tany carry thousands of cartloads to,
place- i tuat.--lrt' .rti'rTfl-tI'. -O--tifhcen.
miles from the shore." It can be great-
ly reduced in bulk and weight by
burning, it on the sea-shore,, piling it
when dry on a small quantity of brush in
some sort of kiln prepared for the pur-
pose. The best way of using it is first to
throw it in the pig pen and stable and
then add it to the compost. heap.
The kinds of sea weed principally used
on the Northern and European coasts are
not found on the coast of Florida, but we
have. scores of other kinds that 'are
dearly or quite as rich in valuable ele-
ments. The Sargassum, of which Mr.
Amsden sends a specimen, is the inmost
abundant of all, but not the most valua-
ble, being very bulky in proportion to
weight. Beingof a loose,""dry testume.
.itcoul.Il readily be redniced toashes. An
analysis of its aches w:iild show a large
per cent. of lim', we think, for the rea-
son that it is much incristed with a cal-
careous deposit, the work of a minute
form of animal life. This extremely
common seaweed is of a dark brown
color and may be recognized by -its
round air bladders, which might be mis-
taken -for berries or eeed vessels.
People who dwell near the sea know
when to expect a harvest of sea weed,
and at such times, by' driving over the
beach with a cart, the most valuable
kinds may be-selected to some extent.
The delicate kinds have much sand ad-
hering to them, and those of gelatinous
texture consist largely' of water, yet all
of them as they average, may be hauled
several miles, and farther if first dried.
They may be [plowed under fresh or dry,
or applied in the shape of compost or
ashes. -'..' .. "
Professor VW. G. Farlow, in his list of
marine algax. mentions among usetul
species several which grow on the Florida
coast and others which are essentially
like species found here. Several of
these he considers to be equal for ,uli-
nary purposes to the "'Irish moss,"whieh
"is gathered in large quantities at Hing-
ham, Mass., and sold for making blanc
mange, puddings and sea-moss farine.
It is also used by brewers for clarifying.
and by calico printers." The species
which can be most readily oltaided for
this purpose on the Florida coast is the
Eueheuma isi/fotri. When dry it re-
sembles vermicelli, but in color it is red
when fresh or dried in the shade. There
are also various species of Gracilaria and
Gigartina, which are of a similar char-
acter. There are also species of Porpphyra,
a, leaf-lihke alga of" a betiutiful purple
color, identical withba species which our

Chinese citizens import from their native ing the elements, in due proportion,
country. "which are specially needed by the or-
In some countries sea weeds are cn- ange. Thle price is reasonable, as will be
In some countries sea weeds are cn- seen from his advertisement on another
sumed in large quantity for food, both page.
ior man and beast. Iodine is obtained As an insecticide for the orange tree,
from them, and formerly soda was man- Bonnetheau's Emulsion acquired a very
f largely. They are favorable reputation some time ago.
ufaclured from them largely. They arWe have seen letters from prominent or-
sometimes used for mulching and-top ange growers expressing regret that Mr.
dressing, and in various ways for fertil- Bonnetheau had discontinued its manu-
izing land. They have been found facture, and are pleased to know that
epiy be. t a r a his rights have been turned over to Mr. C.
especially beneficial to grain crops and Peters, of Jacksonville, who is now man-
potatoes. We hope Mr. &msden, and ufacturing the article for sale.
others similarly situated,will make some
systematic experiments with these gifts Another Home Industry.
of the sea, and keep record of the same In passing through one of the business
for publication in the FARMER AND FRUIT- streets ef. Jacksonville the day our last
GROWER., issue went to press, we were reminded
ROWER .that we had omitted, in our editorial on
IT A the animal industries, to mention one of
IS IT A LOST ART? very considerable importance, namely,
In our efforts to bring to light all prob- soap manufacture. If one-tenth of the
In our ef s to bing t light cattle that roam the woods and prairies
able or possible industries and natural cf Florida were slaughtered each eart-
resources, we feel much like one groping for canning and other purposes, the
in the dark, seeing but dimly, in half principal ingredient would be at hand
dened proportions, the greater prosper- for manufacturing enough soap to keep
defined proportions, the greater all the people of the. South clean.
ity to be evolved from resources bow The reminder referred to was the store
neglected and imperfectly understood.. of Mr. C. Peters, where are displayed
We may in some cases venture beyond the soap and.preparations of bone which
tepracticable, but itcan-he is manufacturing outside the city
the limits of the practicable, but itcan- limits. These articles are of superior
not be said that we ever encourage' any quality and we believe his enterprise in
one to make a considerable outlay ini, any starting this important home industry is
field of labor where there is not reasona- being rewarded by rapidly Increasing
e f s sales. We would call attention particu-
ble assurance of success based on expe- larly to Mr. Peters' granulated bone, a
rience. very superior article of food for poultry.
We are pleased to believe that the He also has meat scrap, and has furnish-
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER has be- ed both of these articles to our success-
ome a recognized organ of industrial ful poultry raiser and interesting writer
coea recognized organ o industrial on poultry keeping. Mr. E. W. Amsden,
progress. Among our contributors are of Ormond on-the-Halifax, who recom-
men and women of exceptional ability mended these articles of food in some of
as acute, observers and systematic inves- his articles. We hope Mr. Peters willbe
Wa e se te wod -teat ro supported in building up large business,
tigators. Weuse theword systematic and that one day he will be warranted
in place of scientific, because the latter in employing artists and poets to adver-
word has acquired a perverted meaning tise his wares in the Century and lar-
in public estimation. When an appre- per's Magazine.
ciative contemporary i'efers to the '-ci- The Farmer's Perplexities.
entific editor of the FARMER ANtR FPatT. r E.o," R:, ,. .... ,u -i, ,i./-.;.,,-r
GROWER," probably he is not thinking Theie is proba..ly nuu pursuit in life in
of protoplasm and bacteria, but c,E sys which the ohlerattr is compelled to "go
thematic and therefore effectual edlitorial it blin d" as he who till. the soil. He
methods. plants in ;.,il, knowing not what it -cou-
Stains nor wIhaIt iE wanted to pci'fect his
We believe this journal is planting crop. The el-ments. are,l:,eyon. his ,u:n-
good seed and that much of it ik falling troi. Tlhe eneiuie-. to vegetati.on are Ie-
in good soil, where it prumunmises tc, grow gion. Yet from the productionsrs of the
and multiply "an hundred fori l."' To all Ifarm their whole worliJ is fed anid lsp-
oar helpipy on hu egdypli with all the nec Oifeie of life. The
who are helping on the good work by Uquestion how est it can i,e ,lone. iS one
extending, the fame and usefulness of that intereitS all pidcuucer-r. ad ote
our journal, we wish to give due recog- that will b profitably dikcusu;d foryears
nation, soliciting a continuance of their vetI to cuonIe.
good services. Taking up a State e:- been a re.ularaud welcome visitor trum
change recently, we were pleased to see its beginning, and it comes filled witlu
that an artficleof ours relative to orange interesting and pr'-,rital.le- reading,
wine am c hadn rd. E. ] which iu one can fail to be benefited L>,-.
Nine and cider had inspired Mr. E. H. The writer believes in inten-e farming,
HaJ.to_.write a column anrl a half. on and by intense he meano intensely proff
tile same subject. As Mr. Hart's styli table. Not such an intensely I.,z. crop
is peculiarly concise and straightt to tile of c.1 n aus Govei nor Drew made that
C. bit hrn iruuite than the corn wric worrtli.
poifit, -and as sparkling and refti.-:.ing ,,thimoetanhecrw-:ot.
point," and as spar g Such armin will do for tlte Governor,
asHeidseck itself, we need north say that but it 'lIIi no:t quite doc for poo-r in-n.
a column and a half of hbis writing is a Most farmers knov that in order to
sort of intellectual gold m me. The par- make money they must make a guo-,:.d
whi w .crop. Tliev alisot kuiw that in order to
ticular nugget of information which we mak a god cip t hey rit w,:,tk it
value most is afactwhich the readlingof well and often, ai well as iupply any
our article brought to Mr. Hart's remem- deficiency there may be in thie soil fojr
brance, and which might otherwise have the gr'cur'ing crop to feed upon. Bit
when, a ,i,.-nrt arises in tlie plaster 's mind
escaped his memory beyond recall- about what that de&iiepcy is, aud aboLut
hence we claim half the cre-lit for bring- how much i-s require-I. andl wm--re he can
ing the fact to light. get it withourtI tihe cash, he has stated
"A fewyears since," says Mr.. Hart, t Lhie touglIn.,qustionusfrr,,-, uineighbor to
answer, and I think he might apply to
"frequent notices appeared in tIle press a sOcure -:f scientfic pentlem-eu with puz-
of a very fine wine, which friend J. D. zling effler. It m- very ea'iv ,:, -ay tIlat
Mitchell, of Daytona, was conco.:tin plants require ainmcnia. piutabh. acid
from the sweet orange." A bottle of phosphate trate of so ete.. a s
been said for the last five hundred years.
the fluid was sent to Mr. Hart, who. but to tell h,;.w they ar;e to be applied
being of the Horace Greeley school of with payin:- rea;ulis is another matter.
wie dr-inkers, handed it over to a third In a country filled with patriotic cii-
party, who testedit by thre of his zeu spoiling for an opportunity to rve
their country. Itow %stratge- it is that non,
senses, and offered sentiments befitting of them lati'e done anything practical in
the occasion. ..Mr. Hart, evidently f-r,.- ,the way ':.f experimental f rmruing! Since
seeing that this sort of evidence might it isadniutted by all that all efiteiprises
v m h weigt i th "- hinge ,pn n th- success of aglcuhtuie. it
nothave much weight .%ith the -far- is beyond the comprebhension of man
seeing" editor of the FARMER AIND that trhe bu'ines was not loing a&-o re-
FRUIT-GROWEi, suggests to Mr. Willams duced to a scIenirI,: citctainty. sI far at
the propI iety of sending usa bottl- of the least as it is left to tile power of man.
Sc. P. P.
wine in question. As, our judgment AP
would of course be final and decisive, Why Some Farmers Fall Behind.
this evinces great confidence in thie wine An exchange aks: -What is. iome
on Mr. Hart's part, It now remains to without a newspaper?" On the taim
be.: seen how much confidence Mr. without an agricultural paper it is the
Mitchell has in its merits. If hedoesnot place where pigs root up the garden:
n o wn a eve r bugs destroy the potatoes: the Texa. con
;end t.he bottle of Wine as evidence, the fi .e. wa club to .,iel,:l a pint of
Is coafxed with a club to iEIlI a pint of
case goes bIy default. Ifhedoessend it, alleged milk per day; the work is done
we will test it thoroughly and pronounce with pre-historic Implements and the
our Opinion promptly. armer dou't believe in "these ere new
oi pinion tangled idees" but clings fondly to the
Meanwhile it appears that the geirat hazel splitter hog, with its ears in the
secret of making ,good wine from sweet middle of its back, and the stuumpsucker
oranges is in Mr. Mitchell's keeping. W\e horse, chiefly composed of 'four legs.
hopethat patriotic motives, coupled with one on each corner:" and by and by a
I _. fakir comes, and the farmer is not posted
a desire to escape Dr. Wintirop's fateat and signs an order for some patent
the hinds of letter writers, will induce method of getting rich, and in a fewv
Mr. Mitchell to publish his method. If days is notified that his note for $5(: ,
i prove to be all that Mr. Hart clais, ,hel for collection byo a accommodating
t proe o e ll that r. rt l bank. That is just about the size of it
we will divide with him the honor of and there are several just such homes
having rescued it- from among the "'lost that we knou of and the owners thereof
arts." not only stand in their own light, but
are a drawback to the communities in
Interesting to OrangeGrower which they live.--Texas Stock man and
Inteesti' o O~ng' G~oe~sFarmer.
The best means of protecting our or- *
ange trees from most of the debilitar- -The consumption' of.cigats on this
ing influences to which they are sub- coast is fast coming dowr, to local pro-
ject is to feel them liberally with ductiou an4 Key West. San Francisco
strengtheuing food. This fortifies them cousumes more Key West cigars than
against the insiduous inroads of disease, any other city of its size in the country.
whether it originate in insect or ltngoid -San Francisco Trade Journal.
parasites, damage from frost or almost -0-,---
any other cause except deep planting. "--Let the capitalists of Florida organ-
Mr. 0. de 0. Bertola, a gentleman who ize a thread factory at sprme eligible
has had large experience in the orange point in the State and utilize our long
regions of- Europe and British India, .j staple cotton,,and thus keep our money
manufacturing at Enterprise a fertjj.zer at home. The question as to a market
called Excelsior Orange Food, conlbin-' -will thetiabe solved.--Sumterville Times.



hum, fodder corn, cow' peas, desmodi-
tinm, Mlexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
Cotton seed, cotton seed meal;, barn-
yaid manure, guano, ground bone, su-
per-pbosphate. gypsum, lime, kainit,
ashes, marl, muck. leaf mould, co.-.
p ,sts -" '
Bees and bee plants. silk culture adp4
the mulberry. hunting and fishing, dogs
and dog laws, fences anti roads, legisla-
tihn for farmers, farmers' clubs, trans-
poratrionu, marketing produce, experi-
miental farms. agricultural education,
home manufactures, natural history
of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
faim machinery, farm implements,
water supply, cooling appliances, re-
cipes for cooking, home decorations
household economy, mineral, and earths,
climatology, etc. .
In treating of the above and related
subjects, practical experience is much to
be preferred to theoretical knowl-
edge; yet there are topics needing dis- -
cussion which have to be treated of
from a somewhat theoretical stand-
We do not desire letters written mere- .
ly in praise of special localities unless
claims to favor are based o-the-producte a
or productiveness of the soil'.-. Articles. .:
of an animated or vivacious style are de-, .
sirable by way of variety, but practical :
statements and descriptions should.,be ..
concise and as much to these point as pos- -
sible. f : '. "--i
All communications for the editorial:. '..:
department should be addressed to -. .-
'--- . ?. '-.
Ladies' Purchasing Agency;--.--
A New York lady of experienStnd' ".a ;
taste, enjoying the beetr facilifiieforY._.
shopping under advantagebui'66iodi- --.
tions, offers her services to:lad)es'desir.l"-'..',
ing to secure any kind bf",.; hk-g'r ap- -, -----
parel, toilet articles or hotUsema : goods;':,-. .
at New York prices. Send for'birchilar. -.
Address MISS S. S. Jones, --
179 Gates Ave., Brooklyn ,'N.Y.' -.,

Armour & Co's Fertillz.er.i :'
In this issue of the FARMER A-D^^
FRUIT GROW. appear s,,the,.ad.yv.er.luee-.
ment of Ar'mou'& 6's--puree..gro.Qud.aIn
bone and blood fertilizer..'% is-noinot:n
any way a chemical product.but iswade, ...
from the natural,animal :'-ma.b,.bone ,:-
and blood, andccbmes.directitromh their, ;'
slaughter house.;-:It.has prod0W,$most"S-.
gratifying-results in. maty...ROMi1ms I,^
'the State. It -iB spLd at lowsps ,d _a
guaranteed to be -pure,- ." ---- ." '" :

.i ..


p 9 ,^^" *..- 'f l 'Alliance was organized here two weeks
A-^t i MZ U ago, and another a few miles below 1iere.
S Concert of action is what our far-iers

need to teach them habits of economy.
IN UNION THERE Is STRENGTH. and by meeting together twice a monih
.. for an interchange of thought, we can
THE FARMERS' UNION. .bette. understand each other, and can
-- 'the better diversify our productions.
A Large and Enthusiastic Con- The Alliance will no doubt accomplish
vention at Gainesville. a great deal for the agricultural interests
o tof our State. The- services of the mid-
GAINESVIiLE, ; Fla., October 18.-About diemaa will be dispensed with to a cer-
100 were present at the encampment of ta extent, and ur farmers will get
Florida farmers- which opened yesterday. ta extt amer w
An account of the opening exercises of the down to a ca-;3l basis, a system ne-ed tful I to
meeting was sent by mail to the TrMs- make u. proipeious and happy.
UNION, but for some inexplicable reason was -Va QB.
not received. The meeting was held in the *
hall at Oliver's park by 3. H. Wilson. Hints to Correspondents.
R. F. Rogers, of Suwanee county, was '
made temporary chairman; A. Crosby, of The readers of the 'FLORIDA FARIAR
Bradford county, temporary vice-president, AND FRUIT-GROWER are repect fully in-
and"J. B. Dell,ofAlachua county,temporary I vited to contribute to its columruns articles
secretary. These officers were afterwards and notes- on all subjects pertaining to
made permanent with the exception of Mr. the f, garden. orchard and house-
Dell, who declined serving, and in whose bold a'a-'s. T rgo psh
place Henry Foutz, of Bradford county, .da, T.e range o topics wich
was elected. will be discussed in this. journal maybe
A committee on credentials was ap- gathered from the subjoined table, which
pointed, consisting of J. H. Wilson, Hon. may serve to suggest what might other-
B.F. Umstead and Mr. Johns. Pending! wise e-'ape attention :
this report the convention adjourned until %..f .
1:30 p. mn. The grounds were' in good: con FaIRM MlANAGEUENT.
edition and all were wellpleased. Agoodf Clearing land, draining land. crops for
mi',u ae- Camliniio on the tihouis. ,i new land. Eucceision of crops, ihite.sive
'la, -..:.Dnvntr,:.n to.diyn was caI.-:d to order farming, treatment of different soils,
at 1' O\'l.L:. \Vi:N- -'id :L.t Ciosby, of irrigal,,u. soiling vs. pasturing. cow-
v,:i- Citrus ,-:.iiuvty, iilhd his renmtrks irri.lin .. sin -.i rin g
itit,-itin- t. t.l- Stat- Alniin,:e O n: colored pen ring, green manuring.
,-i,.gat- ti'.:,'- iu ratii't,, to t- t.tifgerence O- DOMtESTIC ANtIALS.- ..
i -r,,io.utialA ani th,- ol,,r..i people's Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,-
rights m the alliance;. -Colonel J. B. ell .... .. .
addressed the meeting. He is not in favor gats. poultiryv-Breeds, feed, dieaseees,
of the alliance in every particular, on ac- treatment. -
count of n't 'lantine ,...t.,[,.i tadunrs Luiuil STAPLE CROPS.
rightswith th hit kr Corn, oats, rye, wheat, rice-Varieties,
regrettng the, pt, .C- ,., th color-o-. .t..
lig.ne I sp,-o. n !, kll naner fwtin' yield Ipr acre soil rind season, difficul-
harmonm. J. 1). .J-iiU ,i..i: it, fav,r ,:.f ties encountered, general treatment.
the-alliance. (in mti:.n r.:.D tO lts trl:,t I Cotton-Loiga id,9horlStuple'--Piant-
Baker ciunr nte Ie ii',vtt:.I to- ceats, th-,y ing andi culture, marketig, manage-
having arrive,.I BiLe th- tijoIeting sdivurnrid ment cof seed, products from the seed.
yesterday. Th. h-e ap.t tat .. :" ,- 'SvmCor a'Cn" and Sorghum-Varieties,
Lultt,:e o"u ,co t,=ler, -.61h the allian ce l -'-
ain ^;gt.t f J" .B.DnV B. H it tb _ Lt- -r;," "' culture, waking syrup and sugar. ctndi-
sistingcft1.B Di:ie W,.BoH hu A. Crci-;',,
3. H. Mall.tt. D. B. honght, H Wiioun, tion ofmarket.
A. itak,, J*. W. Buistiii, V. W. M,: Tobact-o-Varieties, history iu Florida,
Kinneand Thb:>uins Di:aonin,, towhichwas recent experiences, seed. culture, manu-
added the chairman. Whilo-the ,:pirnitte'e' fai.-tlure.. "
was out Judge Cessna fs invited to a- FRUITS. .:
dr1ess the meeting. The oom.itte- .,,Fn ,-Con- ,Fr -mpa,"son of varie-
f.rre,-e oaa-leth0 following irl,_p,-t n hihb was (_.' Frt'd;_-L- pai. nofvae
alopt.ed, t 1,:. hardiness and productiveness, meth-
\\W, th <':,niuittee, r.:,prt that we bavi- oils ,-f propagation, method cof planting
:tnfeiri v.t-ith the rpi',-_Em tatircs of tb-' and culture comparative effects of fer-
State Allian_.e. and fr.:.nj the inf.:.iumatin tilizeiti. marketing of fruit, preservation
thie,:.t e c. e ,.f the ,:,pimi.:.n that the of fruit, wine and other prodncta.
Farmers' All i8n, 0s tb .rtanizntionm f-r
the pialter ,,t Florhida, butas the alliane Peach, pear, fig. persimmon, loquat,
tu-rI/ litrt moen r l-rii,'tihi5 tot the~ci Ke -, *0* ev'
atmit,is a,,nj. to ae[L.,.itp but white| the Ktley plum, native plum, mul-
farti ,s. .- s:etbe iip.u:liin,:e:,f asiarmn rs' berry., quince, apricot, guava, banana.
uuiomu 7hJ:h li:.ws no traie- or coior, lut the pineapple sapodilla. mango, avocada
aim ,o,:i oljrict of which ahbal Ihj t.o advance pear. cocoanut. pecan, English walnut,
tiu interest :,t" a -drultire -with white and aljuond, pomegranate. olive, grape,
,hr.lred. i t lariurs ahke. WN. htLretf.lr, iEc- strawberry, blackbenrry, raspberry-Va-
,in Eurnd tO adoptluof a ,:,,nstitutn and rietie, effects of soil, weather, etc.
I.V-Iawo fur tLh FIlri'.ln Fieli UF i n, Ilmn
tUlt in s,.1ie ,s te.,,:,gn',zs the better methods of culture.
ietases of .l:',red fat mere as tilleis of the NATIVE TREES AND BERBS.
l,, and rh oe interest i6 u'e idennutl writh Planting trees for ornament or utility,
thoau u-if the wbit..s.
ep:,:tfully submitted, the turning over ofi forest lands, the
J. B. DuLL, Cbairman. lumber anl turpentine industries, the
The hbarimau l)l,,:int d a ,:.i:rmitt'e o:,n tinnuing industry, phenomena of plant
*:rd'er of business, co6tiit'nou of J. S. Du- iL'e, weeds and noxious plants.
,ris, J. L. Williams. A. 11. .Ianrihe, Peter N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
Haii- and Lo-uiE [IaTi- alsa a eom.aittee on editor for identification. Information is
u-onst'ituti,:,o arid h,--iaws. conif-stingf of J.
(H.-W1..-n.'B. F. E lt.ot'd. A. J. EuL,a (J dec-'ed respecting- popular. namesqzand -
W. M.EKine. J. H. Mallett, J. S. Dupies, uses. "-"'
R H. Giahamr, E-aey. S. James, t:, wvhch B. Plants adapted to this climate, .ou.t-
F. R a-cers Dl J. B. Dell were added byv a door culture, management of green-
vrte. ThL ,,uOVenrtiu then adicurned to i2 house. ..
Ip, m. At th. aftrn.,:,on 5.-tion th e crun. FORAGE CROPS.
16lttiei0te l, -,,utitu.ititun made thua report,
b[.hh was a"-lot)td and otAli.s afur thee year Bermuua g, ass. crab grass, Para grass
elected as f.:,ll.:,vs: R. F. R:,gers, pr0&ident; Gmuinea grass, Terrell .grass, orchard
A. Cr.:.6,v, viie.-pie6nlt, A. Hl. Manv-ille. grass, red-topgrass, Johnsongrassa Teras
serrettor' J. B. Dell, tr.asurel; Edward huie grass, pearl millet, German millet,
Tay ,,r, dr'._r-kiel)e,'. H. millo maize, kaffir corn. teosinte. sorg-

Gi-NTsTiLLL. Fla.. Octol.b-r 14.-At TLhuis-
day -evening's asei-,in of the Farmers' and
Tri:k I.('ri:ws' lnirun If Florida, a m.u:,tion
"was mje tti-J tuliried that tMhe president and
B. F. Umatea]. draft I., laws f L:'r tht o7eran-
ment of the union, au-'l submit thb samc to
the- ,'i lcl t;ubs ,ant., when approv,:d by a
ma1irity of the c-luis, they shall I.e pub-
Judgs W. K. 'esnas wcas invited to a stat
on tUe fl,::'r, tnd a u Ouniniitte ou secret
v,,:rl:- was appolted (nsi6timng of J. W.
Bui nsd. .J. H. Wilson, C. R. Ray. M,.,ss
X.eiid-ersiuo au.d R. H. Gisham, whoafter ,n-
,ultation., reported on the same, and gave to
one- member ,f each club the secret work.
A discusin fwas had i iLielation to dis-
tousni ,:,-f the i'Irt.seut crop of cotton. The
tprcsijent adh'essoed the c-'nvEutio:n ron the
subject, and the ftulh:,wng resolution was
WardEar.. We, the delegates representing
a mwhemilship cf over t1 700 farmers, witti
about 3,5(0 bale of sea island cotton, and
baid farmers benin desirous of seii.n theoui
cotton through this union: therefore., 'e it
Ro-,olv.i. That rwe advise, for the present,
that the farersir make the best disposition
of their presn-t crop that they .ssitIlyv c-an,
aoil that next year ire do all we can to estab-
lish, if possible, a cotton warehouse in
v. tich we may deposit our c-otton, and Lm-
tite buyc-rs to come direct .to us and buy,
themeby avoiding middlemen's profits.
It was voted to hold the next session in
Live Oak on the fourth Tuei-sday irn October,
A resolution, thanking the Gainesville Re-
cord, Tii'L-.UNiON, the FiPorda Farmnier ail
Frudit-,.Ir,'wer aud the Florida Dikpalch, for
then' valuable assistance in building up and
supporting the Farmers' Union was adopted.
A vote o:f thanks wvas given to. the ofcers
fui the faithful discharge of their duties,
and to Mr. Young, of Citrus county, a State
organizer of this all iance. for the valuable
assistance rendered.
On motion adjourned.
The immigration convention was well at-
tended to-day. Judge King acted as chair-
man. An executive committee of one from
each district, and five from the county at
large, was elected. Judge J. W. Aahby was
elected president, L. K. Rawlings secretary.
and W. G. Robinson treasmer. A commit-
tee of five was appointed torequesrt theboard
of countv commissioners to appropriate
sufficient hinds for theimmigration and sub-
tropical work. Much interest- was mani-
fested at the meeting. Alanhua will show
her hand. and $15,000, at least, will be
asked of the county commissioners. H.

The Alliance in Levy County.
WaLttsroN, Fla., Oct. 14th, 1887.
Editor Florida Farmer and F'rut- G rawer:
Having seen'nothing in y6ur much ap-
preciated paper-fromr this place, I have
concluded to'write-youa line. A drought
of several weeks' duration is doing some
damage to fall gardens and cotton. The
farmers of' this. the east;.rn;part of. .Levy
count L.are taking steps looking to 'the
bhfi sof their condition. A Farmers'


S* i four times; then rinse in a cup of hot
nrf Of[ i t water in which a black kid glove has
Seen boiled; pull out the edges of the
HELEN HARCOURT. Editor. lace till almost dry; then press for two
days between the leaves of a heavy
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all book.
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call; As to the several methods of cleaning
With words of good counsel for old friends and and genieally renovating woollen
Who come to us seeking the best way o goods, these we will interview next
All questions of general interest will be week.
answered through these columns. (To be continued.)
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a "A Good Deed Well Done"
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange vie'vss,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit. Was completed on the 6th of this cur-
"Help ye one another." rent month, by the final delivery to the
Communications Intended for publication wife, of "The Davis Fund," (by request
must be brief, clearly written, and only on of the one-armed husband), f the deed
one side of the paper. of the one-armed husband), of the deed
All matter relating to this department to the little home our sisters have been
should be addressed to instrumental in saving. The happiness
l. Farmer and Fruit-Grower, now reigning in that humble household
Montclair, Fla. is better imagined than described, all the
more so, if possible, as the land-owner
Our Cosy Corner. kindly threw off $10 on the amount due,
which balance will be applied in some
THINGS APROPOS. way that will bring permanent good.
(Continued.) Truly, this is a deed that all concerned
Suppose we take an excursion into the may be proud of.
sewing room and see what is going on
there just now. "A deal" of ripping, Answers to Correspondents.
cleaning, -making over, turning and H. G. B., Alva, Lee county, Fla.,
twisting to make new goods from old. writes: "I have noted your ineffectual
For even in genial Florida there is a search for girls; I don't think they are
season of cool, bracing weather, when all 'dug under.' I hore you may event-
summer clothes are laid away in igno- ually find enough to go around, but the
minious idleness, and looked upon with demand seems to exceed the supply. I
scorn, and the heavier clothing, that wish you could induce some of the over-
was regarded in the same light at the worked and underpaid factory girls of
opening of spring, rises "above par," the North to accept homes in our 'Fair
and above mar, too, sometimes, when Florida.' How much better off they
she seeks to evolve a new garment from would be."
an old. And so, among things apropos Aye, indeed; but how are they to be
at this present time, and the ways and reached? That is the perplexing prob-
means of making the best of the odds lem. The establishment of a Florida
and ends of garments that are sure to be Labor Bureau in Jacksonville, and an-
unearthed in the autumnal clearing out. other is New York, "two in one," would
To clean black silk, first rub it well go far to solve the question, and there is
with a woollen cloth to get out all the ason to hope that such a medium be-
dust, then clean it by sponging, either tween Florida employers and employees
with diluted ammonia, strong black cof- will be established as the natural out-
fee, o: a solution of water and soap tree come of the Sub-Tropical Exposition.
bark. When ammonia is used, add We owe you thanks for the< address of
enough to the water to make it feel soft the "Home" where it may be possible to
to the hands., If soap tree bark, a small obtain the girls, so much needed by our
handful of shredded bark to a pint of Florida housekeepers, and have already
water will be sufficient. If you wish to sent forward an application for them.
press the silk lay it between alpaca or We have, however, little hope of a fa-
any dark woollen cloth, and iron on the vorable result, as we have already vainly
wrong side, but if care is taken to keep applied in seven different quarters.
the breadths smooth while drying, it will Mrs. E. L., Waldo, Fla.: "We take a
not be necessary to press them. Indeed, great interest in the FARMER AND FRUT-
the silk will appear all the better without GROWER, and send our copy, when we
ironing. have finished reading it, to England, and
SAn mother way is to rip up the dress and think it a great act of seqf-denial, as we
wash the silk in hot soap suds, dipping find it so useful to refer to on so many
it up and down, but' not squeezing it; subjects. Very many thanks for so
then rine it in two wor m pr water si fully answering our inquiries respecting
and-thendp pit ;a water prepared as ol- oact'es. Iam glad to saywe aie,nearly
low,': Boil two ounces of logwood chips, cleared out."" a e.ar
in five quaris of water; add quarter of The Family Exchange i free to our
an ceof copper train trough an subscribers, and we trust and believe ,
old bit of calico; dip your silk in this that it will prove of great value to them,
dye; hang on-the line by' the corners es
until it, is nearly -dry;'iron between old penwially itee Exchange heading since
si if you iro t at all and do not have no admit advertisements of hon
silk. ifnou iro'nit atall;anddonorhape productions for sale as well as.:xchange,
the ironsvery hot. 's believing that among oIir- No'rthenn and
Light col siks should be washed foreign subscribers ale who would
.in col o water. with suds mad of te c line pleased with te .p-rtunity of pro
-wh ite oap, but ir o son p g st be rolled curing, say, for instance, genuine Flor-
on it: avoidironi possible i armalades, jllies, syrups. sea
better to rub the silk dry with a 0oft h gsEs, etc..
cloth, or put it between towels and press as many among our Florida subscribers
with a weiglit. If the lustre is lost who would be equally pleaded to thus
either in dveing ur cleaning, grate half dispose of he work o lTheir own hands,
a dozen white potatoes into a gallon of without cost to themselves. To '!do the
soft water, agita'te briskly h for a few greatest good for the greatest 'umiter"
minutes, aird] let it stand for twenty-fou is the constant ai of the 'FLrtRIDA
hours to settle; then draw off the clear RMis the constant aim FRr-GRo the FLO
liquid carefully, and sponge the sik We thank our correspondent for the
thoroughly with it; lay it between Weine, thank our corre ponder o t
moist tloth, and press hard .withl, copy of the London "'Bazaar, Exchange
irons, and always in the same direction and Mart: it contains many nho.el and
;_l useful ideas. The M'. for our ':Young a
keep the cloths moist. Folks' Corner will h:Oe used next issue. t
If there are grease or paint spots o C. F. 0., Cleveland, O. Package of '
the silk, cleanse them trhe very firstpe of ra ar pe bain
ft an For the reas a _pec ens of Straw oi- paletto sraing q
thing. Forki thegrease, take a card, split receive and pe dg to 's
it, and rub tihe spot on the wrong side. frome acd will be uitilized aCy c ,p
o thne s i e soft inside if Ethe S. B.. Lake Mary, Fla.: D. M.. St. An
card, and thegrease n'illdisappear with. drew's Bay; C. A. B., la&d 'ity. Fla
out taking the gloss from the silk; to re- irculars a f dairy uten.il, sent by. mail l
.move paint stane from ilk lor velvet) as requestred. C s b mai
ahbrroron is the best thing t use: it i,
will often prove succeed ful when all The F ily Friend.
other agents fail; use a soft cotton rag 0 The Family FPiend. 1c
-and rub on the chloroform lightly then DISHES FROM .STALE BREAD- A.Nt OTHER w
finish with a dry cloth: be careful to :. FRAGMENTS. f
keep away Irom tie fire or a lighted Frolm Aunt Judith unnshne.
lamp while at work, as the vapor will POACHED OR [ROPPED E'o5 ON TOASr.
catch fire.
If acid has been dropped on silk, or in Place oer a quick fire a large shallow
fact any.other clothing, use liquid am- pan half full of boiling water, season
monia to kill the-acid, then apply chlo- ith salt and pepper according to gen- c
reformm to restore the color. eral ules, adding a li tle ibter. Lay in
Is the silk shiny from long and patient slice of toast to ill the bottom of the
service? Ue spir e mon r alco- pan, and soak up all the seasoned water. i
hol diluted with after, and applied with n each slice of toast break a fresh egg, a
hoa ite with water and appd wi remove from the fire and cover closelv- a
a sponge. o
Velvet that has been crushed andu Set it one side, where it will keep warm. p
wrke lednt facingrat been mat- t In a few minutes the eggs will be
wrinkled in packing, ore ha been mat- cooked --just right." Leave in the same
hed frcm being wet, cbin be restored i are -okd t
at home and-.made to look as good as dish in which they are cooked. If the
new. For the crushed velvet, hold the dish it. unhandso e, fold a towel
parts defaced over vessel of boiling A th fragrond itment and crmbet it in a platter.
water wth the wrong side next to tlie All t he fragments and crclnnbS Of S P
steam, which will cause t he pile to rise bread, unsuitable for toasting, should be c
-up and greatly improve- the appearance dried in the oven, and kept in a dry
'of the velvet. It will be further bene- place. They are to be used for thickening
fed by-spreading over a skirtbod or soups, stews, hashes etc.. for 'dressing. b
'table and gently brushing with a soft r e
wisp broom or brush. The same treat- LIME OR LEMON BREAD AR PASTRY. n
ment improves velvet that has become Put one pint of flour in the sifter, with ad
hard and shiny from having been wet, one half teaspoonful of soda, and the tl
but the f61lowing in such case will be same of salt. Sift into the mixing bowl. b
more effective: Make the wrong side of If bor bread add one teaspoonful of s1
tbhnelvet'quite damp with water, then shortening, if for pastry, one tablespoon- a
.pa.-it ..quickly back and forth over a ful. Have ready a teacup of water con-
.,v'ryhot smoothing hro held with the gaining four teaspoons of lime or lemon
Sdrii.e 'the water through the issue of mixingcloth or board, and proceed as p
'ti elve forcing the steam u t the usual. Use in the me proportion for
.a-rd fibresthat have been flattened down "LEMON SODA.
'the velvet,6f course, is to he held next We hare found this delightful drink
-to the -iron, and care observed that it an almost immediate cure for headache,
does not touch it. It is a good plan to and oer aches caused by a disordered a
coverrthe iron with a wet cloth, folded stomach. Put one teaspoonful of sugar a
in twoor three thicknesses, and press the and three of lime or lemon juice in a a

knees. Bru-sh' he velvet in the same drink as it foams. al
'manner as was advised, in the other pro- PICKL.ED ('OW PEAS.. w
e ,s.s andbe certain i,.'both cases that it Gather the pods when too young to ac
--is'qunte d-y before-putting away. hare basting threads in their seams. oi
." Rhsty.liek la-e may--be restored by Buof in salted water (one teaspoon to one

enough to cover the pods, allowing
each quart of vinegar, one teaspoon
salt, one tablespoon of sugar, one of a
spice, one of cloves (both whole), a
any other spices liked. Let this boil u
and pour boiling hot over the pod
They will keep in a cool dry place
well as any other pickle. If they beg
to mold, boil up the vinegar, and po
hot over the pods. They make a ni
relish or garnish for dishes, and are a
lightful addition to
Break up the contents of a can of lo
sters into small bits, with a silver for
Chop half the amount of the pick
(that is, half as much of the pickles
there is of the lobster). Mix well. Po
a small quantity of the spiced vineg
with- the liquor from the lobster, ov
the salad; spread on a small platt
heaped in the centre, and garnish
around the edge with whole pickles a:
hard boiled eggs, if liked. This is
handsome dish, and quickly put toget
er. Salmon and other canned or fre
fish or other meats can be used in t
same way. ,
Press out the juice and strain, careful
ly. To every quart add a rounded te
spoonful of table salt. Bottle. The bh
ties need not be sealed, but should
kept in the dark. A slightly curdled a
pearance does not indicate that it
spoiling. The sour entirely conceals tl
taste of salt. I should think lemon jui
could be preserved ini the same way, bi
have not tried it. This recipe is not tl
result of my own experiments.
Would any one like a recipe for desi
eating cocoanut? [Yes, "lots of folks
down south.-EbD.]
My "John" is not a natural born ca
center, nor has he ever learned "th
trade. So when he put two days har
work on a cupboard table for me, and
found that any bug smaller than a mouse
could with the greatest ease go a
through it, I did not reproach him.
only asked for putty. It is very chea,
a few cents a pound, and a pound goes
long way, especially if the worst crack
are first "chinked" with strips of cloth o
paper. "Verbum sap."
Line a deep platter with slices of toas
put a good spoonful of the meat on eac
slice, and pour the gravy over all. Le
it stand near the fire a few minutes an
serve. The following list of dishes
should be prepared and served' in th
same way. Fresh or canned peas o
toast, fresh or canned oysters on toast
fresh or canned asparagus on toast
boiled onions on toast, and all kinds o
stewed meat, fowls or game.
O (1)'.Orange Whey: The juice of on
orange to one pint of sweet milk
Heat slowly until curds form; strain
and cool. (2) Egg Lemonade: Whit
f one 'eg.. one teaspoon pulvei
sized sugar, juice of oue lemon, on
obleI water. Beat together. i3,i Sag
Mlilk: Thlee tablesp'.ons sago soaked in
cup of cold water one hour: add t.hie
cups of boiling milk; sweeten and flavo
to taste Simmer slowly half an bour
Eat warm. i-li Baked Milk: Put half
aillon of milk in a jar, and tie it dowi
with writing paper. Let it stand in o
moderate oven eight or Leu hours. I
will be like cream, and is very nutri-
tious. (5)Punch without Liquor: TakE
the juice of six oranges and six lemons
adding sugar to suit the taste.' Put t(
his a quantity of pounded ice and some
sliced, pineapple, pouring over it twi
quarts of water. This is an agreeabiE
summer beverage totr anyboildy, sick or
well.' ..
When the voice is -lost, as is some
imes the case, froi" the effects o
Cold. a simple, pleasant, remedy
s furnished by beating up the. n bit
f, one egg, adding to it the juice
>f one lemon, and'sweetening with
white sugar to taste. Take a teaspoon
from time to time. It has been known
o effectually cure the ailment.
Take two tablespoonfuls of best pear
sago; soak it over night in half a pint o.
cold water; in the morning pour on one
pint of hot water, pare the rind of a fresh
emou very thiu. an,.l squeeze the juice
nto the sago; let it simmer slowly hall
n hour, theu sweeten, and if wine i8
allowed, add one wine-glass of sherry
pour it into a mould.
Rub one cup of butter and three of
Lgar to a cream; add one cup of milk,
rour cups of flour, five eggs, one tea-
poonful of soda, one-fourth pound of
iron. This makes two loaves.
Choose a cauliflower of meulum size:
oil it twenty minutes; put into-a sauce-
an one ounce of butter, half a gill of
nilk. and one ounce of bread crumbs;
dd cayenne and salt to taste, andsair till
he bread has absorbed the milk and
utter; beat an egg, and add this to the
sauce. but be sure that it does not sim-
eicr after the egg has been added.
Line a small, shallow (ldish with good
astry, beat up two eggs, add half a
iund of grated cheese, a quarter of an
since of' butter, add seasoning of salt
nd pepper, mix well, pour into the lined
ish, and bake.
Mi. a quarter of a pint of milk with
bout a dessert spoonful of flour and
pinch of salt, put it iu a saucepan and
ir it over the fire until it thickens, add
quarter of' a pound of cheese finely
rated and the yolks of two eggs, beat
1 together and then, having beaten the
whites of the eggs into a stiff froth,
Id them to the rest and bake in a quick
Take-equal portions of flour, grated..
ieeseand butter, a quarter" haltfpoun,
each, according to the number of


to "straws" required; add a slight season- than six inches long. Moss to weigh music, in good condition, or Florida
of ing of salt and cayenne pepper,make the double as much as silks. Address, moss, for Seaside or Franklin Square
i11- whole into a paste, roll out, cut into Roxie. Library books, Haggard's "Allen Quar-
nd strips and bake in a quick oven. I wish to exchange Nos. 24, 29, 83. 85, termain," "It," "Daion," or "He.".
p, .. of the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT- Send list. Address, Kate.
da's Our Young Folks' Corner. GROWER, forNos. 2, 5, 6, and 27. Ad- I will exchange plants, seeds and em-
as LADY. dress, G. B. T. broidery patterns with our- sisters of the
ur (Concluded.) Will exchange vocal and instrumental Home Circle. Address, Mrs. W. J.- N.
de- We used to take Lady into the country FOR SALE TIWEDIATETLT
with us when we went from the city for TUlI SAL J J1 ljJJJ1. L Y.L '
our usual summer outing, and as. we
always went to the same place, the old
)b- family homestead, Lady became very 7,000 to 8,000 Citrus Trees, comprising Villa Francha Lemons, Washington Navel
rk. familiar with the premises, as she was and Jaffa Oranges, Mostly Lemons. Must be. sold in a.lump. Terms reasonable.
les allowed the freedom of the lawn around Some one can make money by handling them. Address
G. L. TABlER, Glen St. Xary, Fla.
as the house. And what do you think she Glen St. Mary Nurseries.
)ur did sometimes? There was a big shed
;ar outside the kitchen, where the servants A T AT N R
'er had their table in summer time, and AL TAMON TE NURSERIES.
ter Lady soon learned what the bell for
ed meals meant. She came up to the
nd house when she heard it and waited
a until she saw the servants spreading The Leading Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Peach Trees.
;h- their table, when she walked into the
3eh shed and reaching over their shoulders,
he pds f mou Washington Navel Oranges a specialty. TheNew Orange. "EVERBEARING." Orange
he helped herself to a big mouthful of bread every month in the year. Peen-to, Bidwell, PaUas and Hone7 Pea, rii. A larle sat.ck ,.rf elze-
or cake, and went off to eat it at leisure, and other varieties of Japan Plums, including the "BLOOf) PLUM OF SATD UMA" and the
AL It frightened them at first, but they soon "EARLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japanese Oranges, Uncrin and (aoton. Hbrid, Whrte
a eamv su e t"diysnde "L Adriatic and Foundling Figs, Pears, Persimmons, Grapes, etc. A iarge .:t:k ,:.f Shide. Avenne
became used to it, and even, set "Lady's and Ornamental Trees, Roses, Vines, etc.
l- plate" handy for her. Once she tried a Send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing besides the above, descriptions of ail Iue old and a
a- cup of coffee, but it was not much to her great many new fruit and ornamental trees adapted to Florida. .
ot- taste, so she did not steal it again. H. L. WHEATLT IEY
be Once she came under the shed when
p- there was a little girl sitting there on a Altamonte, Orange County, Florida.
is bench husking corn for dinner. Lady
h eyed the corn longingly, and the little
ut on the bench, face down, covering it up
he completely. Lady pricked her ears and A GUARANTEED CURE FOR
looked at the child in fine scorn; then
,i she stretched out her neck, put her nose ROOT ROT, RUST, SCALE or any othor Diseas e of the ORANGE TREE,
s" against the heroic defender of the corn,
and'calmly rolled her off on the ground. T"- ": > (-IT::: 'T
Then she nodded her bead at her, as much
as to say, "Who's the smartest?" picked 35 years' experience in the groves of Italy, pain Brit,ih hidia and Florida. For ter rs
r- up a couple of ears of the temptatious address o. DE BERTOLA. Enterprise, Fla.
e asugiar corn, and departed to enjoy hem, : h h c. riTz. rhae ,:.it i..rt.,.-, O'tr,. F-:,:..i n he mar' r. I[ ,::,rItains aU tire .ngre.l e inti
g coirn, and departy n ,-?l d i li- Or'.n .. I.''.. u. inovd.or [i.l',.per prc.l...]'i.c.as, rz : Phophorc Acit. Potasr,, Cai.k um
rd whileher vanquished foe picked herself 'an A.':.te. Thr,-e <,rm-.ard. rfiim four ,lfrerenI _,'urees.
I up and debated the question whether to TheAsh..; Pri,:.L.iaiet- '.m..an-y,.:.i ,:rarl,,t.:.,n, gua'tnt.:e tie Lrtnaula.
se laugh or cry. She wisely decided that the Price, f.o.b. hp, or rail a narie :.n............ ...... .... ... .. ... ....................L H
.ll form er w as the best plan. "jaeko nrio e .... n .... ... ................... ... .... ........ ".. '"'
I Mv father's coat pockets and my apron r er ............. ........ .....................0
p, pockets had strong attractions for Lady, o. DE o. BERTOLA, Proprietor.
a and often when we were out on the ESTABLISHED 175. STABLISHED 1875.
ks lawp.,and "thinking no evil," her nose
or and tongue would suddenly be thrust
into them in a-search for sugar or cakes.
Thedear old family homestead to 11- ..- .
t which I have alluded was located on a
,h high bank overlooking one 'of the great'. '
et rivers of the North, and during the sum- C m a n d :
mer season, large steamboats, loaded o m isslon M erchant FOrWarder.
down with gay excursionists, and gen-
e erally with a band of musicians on board,,
n were constantl -passfin by. One day wiayross R. W harf, Wayross B. Depot,
the sound otf music frnms one of these TACKSOVTILE FLA. G a IEross I. L. epot,
t, boats attracted me out on the lawn. A G .AINESVILLE, FLA.
f Lady was there, too, and, as usual, as
soon as she saw mie, -shle trotted up to .
have her head stroked. Music always -' in i : ; Ba : i i Polr
SexcitedLndy: she had been in thearmy Boes` 1:0C0 0iranrgEBoy Heajd 7re"i)', BOrageroe Bx ,,xp. 0,t'0.. Reams .aniPpr range rpz.
e before she came uudei my'care, and she S A c s O A G CL S As.
never forgot the clash and bang ofrum SIZERS, TRAM CARS, ORANGE CLIPS, LADDERS,
n pets and drums. So now-she stood by
e me all in a quiver, her ears pricked,lhr ai other Orowes' npie, all f bch will be sold at the Lowest Po.isbie Rates.
r- eyes dilated, her nostrilhquivering, until
e all at once, just as the steamer -camue op.. ... .,-... .--- -
o posite the house, there came a loud blare i r l..an .raes. Continent te.
a ot trumpets and drums, and Lady, with Ser, forld eoI.. C r..ali Pr,..,- Listss.
e an excited whinny, flung her heels iu the
r air and began to dance. That was all
a right, but she had done something else A
a that was not in the programme. Her
Sheels s truck me in the chest bard enough .
a to leave me sitting on the grass, with a,
t good;deal less.breath than I had before.
- As soo as Lady saw- me, she'seemed to a E-p' 1i
B think something was the matter, and
, that she had somehow "put Lher foot in
* it," which was literally true. She came
* da-hing up to me, put her head against Absolutely Pure Animal Matter-Guaranteed Analysis.
0 mei and rubbed me, then she stood and .
, looked at me. whinnying, then she BONE AND BLOOD
r walked all around me, toutiching me with B N D BLO .
her nose. I patted her, and that de-
lighted her, and when I stood up and Ammonia, 7 to 71 per cent. Bone Phosphate. 25 to 30 per cent. Equal to Phos-
s- tarted for the house, she capered and phoric Acid, 12 to 14 per cent.
f pranced like an affectionate dog when : ...
Shise master has just come home. There PULVERIZED BONE.
e was no mistaking what she meant all
e through: her distress and delight were Ammonia, 8 to 4 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 50to.- 55 per cent. 'Equal to Phos-
1 as plain as a humuu being could have phoric Acid, 23 to 25 per cent.
S made them. t : 2.. p ..
As time rolled on, the cold winters Se that our name and Shield Trade Mark is on every Sack. Prices and
began to tell on my health, and finally Samples furnished on application to
lung- trouble kept me so much indoors. ARMOUR & CO., Jacksonville, Fla.
that Lady, missing her wanted outings WEIGHT AND ANALYSIS MARKED ON EACH SACK.
under the saddle, becameso frisky when
l put into the cairiage at long intervals,.
e that we felt it was wrong to keep her
Shut up o much, and so, with deep re- OMETTj POND- NURSERIES.
0 gret, we found another good home, in
the county ths time, for our p Lady. PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS.
Know not, but this I do know, that my
little cousins can have their Lady too, by Send for circular. Circular contains shorthistory of Peach Culture in 'Florida, and hints is
kind and gentle training. to culture. J. P. DePASS, Archer, Fla.

The Family Exchange.
Or,n t-,, nil sL.Lb=;Crbsra".- the FLORIDA FARM-
ER ANP FRs1r-r.,ROwn B, hil' psurp.rl,6 .l e? x-
change, andialso fcor -alecl home prod.uctiorsor Well tested and app-roved varieties of the ORANGE and LEMON and other Cirrus Fruits.
ualiiral .L.ie:to, tii.tu ,, j-elles. -embr,:.deries. Also PEACHES. PEARS, FIGS, the KELSEY PLUM. PERSIMMONS, GUAVAS LOQUATS,
4en celi, ppinit,, ere A.Ivertsemerris and POMEGRANATES. BA-NANAS, PECANS. and GRAPE VIES, Florida grown,o o"ell ^own
anw-erv., o avo.l. delays, nmut bie addressed to varieties found to be sued to the soil and climate of Florida,
[n Er,DIroR or OUR HOME CIRCLE, FLORIDA Send for a catalogue to o.R. THACHER, Manaer,
FARMER AN. IRtiiRur-GROWRS, Montclar. Fior- San MaIero, Fla..M
i.a.' Each answer must be ac:ompanied by an San eo, FI .
unaddressed stamped e nnlope, in which ro for- ..
ward it to the advertiser. ,S J.T. I Hi i- I1 1875
"'anted, to exchange pure extracted
Palmetto honey, in five gallon cans Or R W Vr" T
named budded nursery stock in variety,
or fine poultry. H. G. B. -
I have several hundredsof well-grown '" AND
budded orange trees, from one to two
inches in diameter, alsosour trees, which F E R TIL IZ ER S
I would-'.exchange for peaches, vines, LJJL1 I I J 2I i .
etc.. or live stock of any sort. I will
also exchange good English saddles and v T T .
bridles lr peach trees, vines, etc., or W-- .T P "i^-" C O -S ,
live stock of any sort. 20 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Pla. .
Would like to exchange white and '
double pink oleanders for the double hanule noue ut the Bear and Most Reliable Seeds. My new catalogue will be sent'freeon ap-
crimson, yellow and willow, or any pucation. Also wholesale Dealerin
other varieties of the same. Mrs. L. S. Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Brap, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening

Wanted-A spring mattress, also six Cotton Seed Meal, Etc .. .... ,...
electro-plated teaspoons ; offered in ex- -: -- -. .--; r, =
change, black velvet for winter hat or .-: '. .
bonnet, and many other useful and or- STATE AGENT FOR-. .
namental things to select from. Box 147. J. E. Tygert & Co's Star Brand .Fert-lizers. ..'

cutinto one-quahter inch strips not .le.. Pricesoi.A a'ppUa tt-ioL '',- ... -. "..'- -. -_ .. ,
A ...- .- .-.._ -_ ,-.- ., .' .'. _-'.; ., .


five tfofh.

Jaundice in Animals.
Editor Florida Farmer and 1b'uit-Grower:
Not only the human race is subject
this disease, but animals also. The cai
is usually high feeding, and obstruct
in the bile duct. The symptoms are t
same as in the human race, yellowne
of the eyes and skin, high color of urine
and general weakness. The treatme
is also as near as possible like that fi
the human family. Give physic, a
get up the action of the liver by givi
the following: Calomel and ginger ea
1 drachm, cape aloes 2 drachias; ma
into a ball with molasses, and give
Night. Keep the animal warm, and gi
warm drinks if possible. Sponge off t
surface with warm salt water seven
tiptes a day. Put on a blanket afte
wards if the weather is cool, to prove
a chill. A good deal of rubbing will
.;a great benefit in this disease as well
in many others.
For a tonic give copperas, 1- drachn
camphor, 1 drachm; gentian and gingi
each 2 drachms. Mix with-molasses f
horses, and for cattle it may be put wi
one quart of gruel. Give every morni:
until there is an improvement. All di
eases of animals that are taken in tix
will be much easier to manage than
left too long. Keep an eye on the dun
Family. ARGUS,

Ailments of Horses.
The following paragraphs are tak
from the North Carolina Farmer:
SA horse whose eye is inflamed fro
any cause should be protected from t
light and the eye strengthened as mue
as possible by tonic applications, as co
solution of three grains of sulphate
zinc to one of water. In case of dust,
wire frame fitted with a fine green
gauze should be .fitted over the eyes
arrest the dust.
According to Dr. J. C. Peters, it
filth that causes most of the diseases
domestic animals. He mentionsspa
ticularly the habit of allowing bedding
and manure to accumulate under th
horses and other animals in stable
The impure air thus generated is pee:
liarly well adapted to injure the health
of the animals compelled to breathe i
When a horse is first taken with tl
distemper, almost the first symptoms
the disease which will be noticed, ari
that the animal refuses to drink water
when offered, appears languid and dul
and eats little. After two or three day
the horse begins to cough and swe
underthe throat. To cure this disease
is t6 take away most of the food, espe
cially hay. Dissolve a small quanity o
indigo in a pail of water, and make th
bhorse-drink- it.-Let him have-no-oathe
S water but that which has indigo dissolve
ed in it. This is eaid to be a sure cure.
I have known valuable horses, as we
as other animals being killed because c
their legs having been broken. A larg
proportion of them could have been save
by proper treatment. The difficulty o
managing an animal in the ordinary
Sway with a broken'leg, is that it keep
straining the leg, thus preventing th
broken part knitting together. If th
leg is swollen, cool water is one of th
best applications for-removing th
swelling, and this should have immedi
ate attention. After the bone is care
fully set, encase the fractures (also
space above and below them) wit:
heavy leather, something like a boot leg
Tin or wood might answer the same pui
pose. It should be large enough to leave
two inches space all round the leg
which should be filled in with solid we
plaster of Paris. The latter will harden
very quickly and hold the bone a
securely in position as though it were it
a block of wood, still allowing a free cir
culation of the blood within the leg.

Shoe Horses Lightly.
*"' "Let the shoe be as light and narrow
wire as can be, and be consistent with
the condition of the 'foot," said David
Styles in a paper-on the horse, read re
cently before a Massachusetts farmer's
S club. "If it is a black hoof that is hol
low on the bottom, a very narrow, ligh
shoe or none at all, as all such horses can
go nearly the year round without shoes.
But if flat the wire must be wider and
the shoe thicker, but don't load the
horse's feet with iron; with a two pounce
shoe on each foot, the horse lifts nearly
fifty-two tons in four hours' tread at
sixty steps a minute.
Our fathers were not so lavish of
their iron. and now I would rather go
back to their common sense mode of
*, shoeing than of that practiced to-day,
S .'-with hoofs piled up to the very corro.
S vary band, thus destroying the" enamel
given for protection. This kind looks
nice and it is praised by too many. I
S: like to see healthy, shiny hoofs, and as
strong as horn itself, and thus they will
be either by going bare-footed or" shod
as near as possible by nature's laws. Very
few are properly shod. The best way is
,to throw the responsibility on the shoer,
; .and if he fails quit him after a proper
How to Kill Calves.
A correspondent of Farm and Home
writes: Much unnecessary suffering is
-.* : "caused in killing young calves, or
7: "deacons," by making too small a cut in
.. the throat. If a small opening js made
S. :. ,. it soon becomes partly filled with clotted
blood, and the calf lingers a long Lime.
.* Cut the throat close to the jaws, cross-
wise, clean through the windpipe and all
'. *. *.' to the back bone and almost to the roots
of the: ears. In fact, quickly cut the
h bead as nearly off as the bone will allow,
J : keep the head stretched out so that the
.: cut will gape wide apart, and the blood
will flow out rapidly. I prefer to break
: in the skull with a heavy hammer before
bleeding, but it is not necessary. If this


is done, however, care should be taken l
not to strike too low down, but well up on V n lr a d f es ,
the forehead. Some farmers imagine
the hide will not bring as high a price if ar f P l in all
a wide cut is made across the throat,, but Care of Poultry in Fall.
buyers make no difference in price on Editor Fl'ida Farmer and -uit- Grower:
to that account. This is the time of year in Florida
use A blow on the head rendering an ani- above all others when keepers of poultry
on mal insensible before bleeding is very de- should give more than usual attention t(
the sirable and merciful, whether the ani- their flocks. The hot weather has lef
ess mal be a beef, veal or porker, them debilitated, and with the period o.
ne, moulting they are very susceptible t
Bnt Test of Oleomargarine, disease. They are not as active as usual
and do not exert themselves to keep
for The Scientific American gives the fol-clear of vermin as when in good health.
nd lowing as a simple and infallible test of hat, coupled with the fat that they ar
ng oleomargarine: "Stir a little--half a That, coupled with the fact that theyarn
g oleomargarine: Stir a little-half a not laying the ounces, leads people no:
ch teaspoonful or less-of the suspected to bestowthat care and attention they
ahe butter in enough sulphuric ether to dis- do when they are laying eggs by the
at solve it. By the time the grease is dis- basketful.
iye solved the ether will have been- evapo- First, keep the coops and pens unusu-
he rated, and the residuum will show, to ally clean. Give a plenty of pure water.
ral smell or taste, whether it is butter, lard For morning give whole wheat or screen
ir- or tallow. Five cents worth of ether will ings, one pint to twelve grown fowls.
nt sufic orsvealtst.
t suffice for several tests." Feed some green feed at noon. If you:
, be *"w fowls are confined at night, give then
as Good Water for Cows. cooked food consisting of .one part oi
as; Not long since Prof. Law, of Cornell oats and corn ground and ten part
er, University, found the cream on his milk wheat bran, with a good handful of salt
for to be ropy; he examined it with a mi- and one-half pint of oyster shell and
th croscope and found it infested with liv- charcoal-equal parts of each ground
g ing organisms. On investigation he fine-and when the weather is dry add
ig_ learned that the herd from which his handful of sulphur every other day
ne supply came drank the water of a stag- during the moulting season. Sulphur
if nant pool, located in a muddy swale, should be supplied liberally, for it enters
ab The microscope exhibited organisms largely into the composition of feathers,
in the water identical with those found I add chopped meat twice a week, aboul
in the milk. The same organisms were three quarts. The above mentioned ar-
found in the blood .of the cows. That tidcles I mix in the feed for 100 fowls.'
the cows were in a diseased condition, I must take exceptions to the advice
en hot and feverish, was shown by the thor- of your Mississippi correspondent when
mometer test. A little of the same wa- he advises lime and ashes scattered on
ter was introduced into milk which tests the droppings, if he, values the drop-
had shown to be pure, and in due time pings at all, for either will set free the
m organisms multiplied and took possession ammonia, which is the most valuable
h of itin vast numbers, producing the same part. I once knew a wise farmer who
oh character of milk as that first noticed, owned a large coal bank within a short
id This investigation, made by a close distance of town, where he hauled his
of observer, proves conclusively that the stock in trade, and in returning home
a germs of disease can be introduced into would load his teams with stable ma-
en the blood and udder of the cow by allow- nure. As he employed several teams,
to ing her to drink stagnant and filthy before spring he would have a large pile
water. It teaches the plainest possible gathered. As there was a saw and grist
lesson to the dairyman and farmer.- mill on the road where he could, get the
is Farm, Stock and Home. ashes for the hauling, he loaded with
of them occasionally. As he was not a
r- Sheep.Husbandry. "book farmer," he piled the two -togeth-
ig Good, oa eh r marea e r, and by spring he had a large pile,
S Good fat wethers are marketable but it consisted largely of burnt straw,
he wherever there is a market, at remunera- which would hardly pay for hauling.
s! f^6^ 18"1^1'' ""11"68'which wol haxilly pay for -hauling.
s-tire prices to-the farmer.
tie prices to-the farmer. Stable manure will not give off the am-
h Every farm should be provided with monia near as readily as that from a
at least a few sheep. A small flock wi. fowl house. To get the real value of hen
it. supply the household needs for wool, and manure, keep your house well supplied
furnish in summer and fall the best and with some good absorbent, either fine
ie healthiest. meat for family use. leaf mould or dried muck, and sprinkle
Of Low prices caused a falling off last with land plaster every morning.
re year of 1,500,000 in the number of sheep My White Leghorns'hatched in Feb-
er kept in the United States, according to .ary, have been laying for ten months,
I1, the Department of Agriculture. The and I shall be ready to supply the fall
ys active market and higher values have trade with eggs for hatching, at popular
Sgiven another impetusto the businessprices. Iam still of the opinion that
The demand for a return to the princi- White Leghorns and theWyandottes are
e- pal provisions of the. woolen tariff of the coming fowls for this State, the one
of 1867, in place of the existing law of 183, for eggs and the. other for table ue.
ie isagainorgamizing. Not discouraged by E-... W. Aa..D. .
ipBast failure,_the wool growers propose to ORMOND ON THE H U ,IF "
-bh~eardn thIn ,,Th-ffOF- .,,"
Our wool has gone up from 17c. in 1885 O c-3 3
to 20c. in 1886. to 24c. this year, and the'
Sprospectbids fair for 80c.in1888.0Cullout Rotation of Crops and Flocks.
Sall the old naked-bellied ewes and use The way' in which fowls a g -
Sbetterrams, and you will find that it pays ealykpto frs is-not ie"
1' better than any branch of farming. The eraly kept on farms is not conducive to
d wool is cash, bucks are cash, and in the success, as they are allowed alI to run to-
Swinter if you have a few-culls that have a r ot n a s o h ,
~ .? < ,whether suitable or otherwise, not want-
Y been grained they go to the butcher'sLand ed for other purposes. This is a mistaken
's bring cash. Raise & only good sheep. a i
e There are places in this country where system as it -is mouh be tter, to0 a lade
se heep of any onnhre. maybe raised-i t them into flocks of 50 to 100 each, and
oe advpan y o u r feepl may c he raised to lace then in different parts of the farm.
advantage, but fw places where all may The reason why fowls pay bettor in this
e be raised to the same advantage. There ,wycnonl .r,..--oh
are conditions and surroundings that way can only e atmtriueid to the
E control these matters as in every depart- rete purity o atmosphere in the
a ment of business. One can raise wool roosting-house when few are kept, but
h and have little regard to mutton, another whatveris the cause itis a ftact that
mutton .with little regard to wool, and more eggs are laid, the fowls thrive bet-
uttn,wihli ttue regard to wool, and e n hr s =kx'm^
r yet another whose best market is early er, and tere is less risk of, disease'.
e lambs. We are fortunate that we have The house can e ultof wood, made
'. -olde countries to draw upon for these roughly and cheaply, but, etocomfort-
Sset types of their national indust. and able or rB, and can also he plated
a morefortunate still if we have the intelli- upon wheels, so as to be easily moved
i gence to utilize their experience and imi- from place to place.
a tate their example.-Planter h Journal. We have seen a capital plan'adopted
with great success, namely, giving thbe
The Feeding of Bg. fowls fresh runs every year, and grow-
lThe Feednof Hiogs. ing crops on the land'last used by them.
The director of the Wisconsin Expert- In one instance where this has been tried
meant Station, in an elaborate report on vegetables are grown, with the result
experiments in feeding swine, sums up that the crops are very heavy indeed,
h the results as follows: and disease has been unknown. We do
Without attempting to give any exact not see why grain or roots could-not be
Rules for guidance, the following state- made to follow in the same way, and it
ments may not be oat of place : During may be that some day poultry will form
Gestation, breeding -sows should have one of the series in the rotation of crops.
t only a small allowance of corn, the feed By this means the land would get well
1 being mainly that which will go to give manured by the fowls', and before being
her young good sound bodies. Such feed again used for them would be swnetened
Should be shorts middlingss or shipstuff), by the crop grown thereon. In this way
Sbran. skimmilk. buttermilk and clover, thousands of fowls could be kept in
When suckling her young, of course every district, to the direct advantage of
milk is one of the best articles at our the producer and to the indirect benefit
t command. When weaned the pigs may of the people generally.
Sget say two parts of milk .by weight, one It may not be generally known that
part of shorts and one part of corn meal, fowla do little or no harm to growing
A run on good clover would go far crops in one respect, and great deal of
Sto make a good frame. When nearing good in another, as they clear the
Maturity the ration can be changed ground of slugs and worms, and if the
:more and -more to the carbonaceous plants are four to six inches above the
and for- the last two months, when ground they do not peck at them. Not
Sfattening, the feed can be largely corn, long a go a farmer told us that he allows
if one desires fat pork, but if lean, juicy the hens to wander all over the root
Seat is desired, the muscle making foods crops, as soon as the plants .are four
must be continued, inches above the ground, and never
found them do the least harm.-Es.
A New Use for Rosin. *
The latest feature in Southern enter- Increasing the Swarms.
prise is the novel attempt to compete with A correspondent of Farm and'Home
the natural gas advantages of the North, responds to an inquiry thus: If your col-
by introducing gas made from rosin as a onies are strong it will be safe to do as
heating agent. We are informed that you propose. Be sure the old queen is
the parties interested In this new nnder- left in the removed hive. Cage the new
taking are making arrangements tostart queen at first. Give no more frames thau
aglass works near Atlanta,and instead of they are able to cover. If kept well
coal as tuel, they intend to employ rosin crowded by a division board, they will
gas which gives ordinary "'glory holes" rear, breed and build up faster. It
of glass housesa white heat, it isclsimed, is better to add frames of foundation,
in much less time than if black diamonds one at a time as needed, placing them
were used, and at less cost. The en- between combs of brood, than to give
thusiasts in this project give out the idea them all at once. Feed enough at one
that the gas has passed the experimental time to have the outside combs filled and
period, and that its success as a fuel capped. This reserve supply gives them ;
is among the certainttes.-Ex. good courage. Then feed often and reg-
ularly as much only as is used in breed-
Don't forget to clean your fowl houses ing. Too much clogs the combs and -e-
and coops once a week, if not oftener- StrictS the egg laying room. If done late
theoftener the better. Droppings thus it is safer to make but one new colony
obtained are invaluable as a fertilizer, from the two. If they get strongenoughi












Annhinnn C0 I hl in-n'olt fln oon 800,000 Orange, LemQn iiiJ >'n-r rVirietlc-ot
A. lli/ocs & Itl|l I1,ll/l I..the citrus family and other ir,,t suite-i 10 tInhi
pA csv 'o climate. Stock in the bestof x:oilidon for large
plans for orders. Correspondence .olicitstl. Noi c'argi
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD- for packing andt shipping Calal.oge free.
P 0. ox784. Rooms and 8 Palmetto Block Paiaftka. Fla.
Bay Street.
I have now inNew York, and will receive in a Job Priqti9q2
few days, a fresh lot of Bermuda Onion Seed of '
my own importation. This.variety of Onion is
well known to the gardeners of Florida, having T THE TIMES-TNTON JOB OFFICE,
been successfully grown and tested through CONNELLY i DUNNK. Lessees.
many seasons.

in time, make another from the three.
A mistake often made is to increase by
division until all colonies are too weak
to keep the queen laying at half their full
capacity, and colonies remain too weak
to withstand the winter.
Transferring Bees.
Prof. A. J. Cook, of the Michigan Ag-
ricultural College, says: The best way to
transfer bees is to practice the Heddon
method, as follows: Wait till May or
June, about swarming time, when the
harvest is upon us, Then turn the old
hive bottom up, set a box which fits
closely upon it, and so stop all openings
that no bee can get out. .It is best to
smoke the bees thoroughly before com-
mencing. This quiets them. Now rap
smartly on the hive with a short board
or stick for fifteen minutes. The bees
will nearly all have passed into the box,
where with the queen they will be clus-
tered. Set the new hive with the frames
filled with comb foundation, on the stand
where the old box hive previously stood,
and shake the bees from the box in front
of it, as we do in hiving a swarm. They
will enter at once, commence work, and
all is done.
We set the old hive away for twenty-
one days, and repeat the operation, and
thus secure swarm No. 2. The brood
will then be all developed, and a new'
queen will be reared. We now can
knock the old hive in pieces. We can
use the comb in frames or melt them into
wax after the honey has been extracted,
or fed to bees. Every bee-keeper should
first read a bee book. Then he will fully
understand the theory and practice of
this fascinating and profitable art. Col-
onies of bees may be moved a foot or two
each day with entire safety.
Before young chicks have reached the
age of three months, lice will kill a
large share of all that die, although the
trouble is frequently assigned to other
causes. Such loss may be prevented by
touching a dab of lard to which a little
crude petroleum has been added on the
top of the chick's head, and under the
lien's wings. Tlen watch fortbe-dead
liceabout the greased parts, and you may
be astonished at their large numbers.

Send for circulatr Cir'niilar contain a short
hiktorv o1 Ptei>t C ultiure n [Fi..rida. :'.i-i aiLs
a t'.i 'cidilre-

I:' k--acne, I' Ia.

F ancy Poultry and. Hunting- Dogs,
Eggs For Hatching. From Le.ding -Va-
rieties of DLmesticnat.d Laul,
and Water Fowl.

A tenant who inr.lerstand, the rearing and
shipment of garden irinck arnd fr-uit, o ciilirate
a large farm and or _in-, ore on -narcs Berst
of hammock land :nia' 'n .,antai przduet of
about 100,000 orange,- A mln wCth tLV-.Or three
boys large enough and nit aifrild to work ea
hearofararechan,:e l.v application to the in-
dersi gned,at Mi anrte.'Fli.
RoTeerences required. J. H. VISER.-


Improved Peaches.

and. No. 7, are round leiie., average sae,
ripenine rom M lay ih- it,..T..t I-t. T1, en Bid-
well's IPOVEPR t PEEN.-TO. Ci,. t i-L, a.t, hut
iiirger and ihcker iruin tem to bl-) jm than its
pare t.
In QHality Not EfeUeledu by Any
Peach Out,

---i-.1 E-I'." 13 -- *with not a1 particle. at any stLge of rileniDg,
"' ,- : of that i,,trer o :ljeciioiiiible in tbe Pe.n-to.
Aleo Tinoroughi.rred YoungSettersnnd t-,'intil. Riens with BdiwVell's Eirlv.
Ai.Jr,' .-iLLA ZANZa PotLTR'cY.aRt'3. 'l ege ale all ceillrng oif the Peeu -10to, a de-
Mar nal;c. Fit e. diiLt ntl:,ub, .lt bt o rtl"t.ionn.i by vAtch-
A:.n in ir,- l-a:rjr,dr:d;nt hianne,n Aignaniitan;
txt< Bees a n.d Q u eensl 1W-ondhe'inc larger andl datter." "Tbhe whole
.hrub irsen, e6 what one might, consider a wdil
Orders -1 he t.ood now lr d ery dur-i of L pecb of nearly evergreen foliage."
Order, will t.od now e .lery i- As I atim aware there are niSaDT .uriFou.s trees
ig Aprill, My or Jane. o0 my isuperior race btng offrel, I dwoud -ive, a wrrd oif eauti..n Lo
ofpnre In- pianiter. Mr. Bidned] a,- originated tneie
ir tre, ; :,r reca rhe ]a5 grown froni buds cut
Italian Booes anii Ueoo.s.. rom nearing tret, mosLt Of them by his
-.1-rii-';.iall leCrter. tr information or tre-e0, 1.1
QU-r i y i ai a pe iaitv.. r .. a .:- 6 .'cuunt ,I ill nI allh h-ba-s uiren me
.a- '' ia it bn-ni -6_c':,'nn .trd at.w h inc 'ale o' histrree:6.
Give me aa r~al der ) Ct'[(7il-ce %nd Packg- G'rounde, Main tree
Give ]uer a tiral 01ider Or'ln^.d,).i'?'''l'"''" ~ a e ao "*
For.prh.-esor other lulormatiton. address JAMES MOTT,
H. C. HART, P. 0. Box 121, Orlando. Fla.
Eun isi, Orange Co., Fit. September 5,1b-7.


The following words, In praise of DR. PIERCa'S FAVORITE PRSCRIPTON ioas a remedy for those delicate diseases and weak-
nesses pec'uliar to women, must be of interest to every suflerer from such maladies. Tney are fair samples of the spontaneous
expressions with which thousands give utterance to their sense of grantude for the inestimable boon of health which has been
restored to them by tb tuse or this world-famed medicine.
,Tof w...... tok be.s.f.u.'ia
JOHN E. SEOAR, of Millenbeck, To., writes: EW AWAY Mrs. SO F Bna BoswEn, fite Cobtte 60,
aa "Mywife had been offering fr rwoor tie ITHREW AWAY v "te s" I took eleven bott es of your 'a-
$ LUU years with female wrahnems, and had paid i .-- vte Prescription' and one bottle of your
I. .... .... OUt one bundled dollars to physicians wirbth- HER Pellets.' I am doing my work. and have been
THROWN AWAY out relief. She took Dr. Pierce's Favorite f or sometime. I have had to employ help for
|..al tPrescription and it did her more good than SU PPORTERI about sten years before I commenced ta:k
Pr .. aU the modip me given to her by the phyan- ,. ing your medicineme. I have had to wear a-:
clans during the three years they had been practicing uonr" supponrter most of the tdme; this a have laid
Mrs. GEORE HIER Of West, us. .I-.., aside. and feel as weU as I ever did." -
Mrs. GEroan lfrsO.ra, of Wlfest. fleA?, A. F., ...
I TuP nr vrPv | .Twit-a: I was a great sufferer from leucor- I i_ u Mrs. MAY GLFASOzN, of NVunkco, Ottawai Co.Q-
TH GIRl EITEST rhea, bearing-down pains, and pain conrin- | IT WORKS Mich., writes: "'Your 'Favorite Prescription
I ually across my back. Three bottles of your | has worked wonders in my case.
IARTHLY OHNI 'Favorite Preacrtiption' restored me to per- WON R. Again she writes: Hanng taken several bot-
'I B feet health. I treated with Dr.e--s. for | mUtUoN ties of the Favorite Prescriptnon' I have re-
nine months without reoeiring any benefit, gained my health wonderfully, to the astonish-
The 'Favorite Prescnription' Is tie greatest earthly boon to ius mr-nt of myself and friends. I can now be on my feet all day,
poor suffering women." attending to the duties of my household.

n Many times women call on their family physicians, suffering,-as they imagine, one from dyspepsia another from heart disease,
another from liver o'r kidney disease, another from nervous exhaustion or prostration, another with pain here or there, and In
this way they all present alike to themselves and tIner easy-golng and indifferent, (r over-busy doctor, separate and distinct diseases,
for which he prescribes his pillsa and potions., assuming them to be such, whenin reality, they are all only smptloms caused bysome
womb disorder. The physician. inorantof the cause of suffering, encourages his practice until large bills are made. The suffering
patient gets no better, but probably worse by reason of the delay, wrong treatment and consequent complications. A proper medicine,
like Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, directed to the cause would have entirely removed the disease, thereby dispelling all those
ditressing symptoms, and nsatutitng comfort instead of prolonged misery. ..

IE Mrs. E. F. MORoAN, of No. 71 Lexinglen St.
.3 PHYS.IilASM oEast Boseon, Udos.. says: "Fire years ago f
3 PiHYSICIANS W,, a dreadful sufferelr from uterine troubles.
FlILED. Having exhausted the skill of three phy-
s iclans. I was completely discouraged, and so
weak I could with difficulty cross the room
alone. I began talking Dr. Perce's Favorite Prescription and
using the local treatment recommend-ed in his 'Common Sense
Medical Adviser.' I commenced to improve at once. In three
months I was perfectly ctred, and have had no trouble since. I
wrote a letter to my family paper, briefly mentioning how my
health had been restored, and offering to send the full particulars
to any one writing me for them. and enicl;sirt a atmp'Id-n-
ivdlpe for reply. I hare received over four hundred letters.
In reply. T hare described my case and the treatment used,
and have earnestly advised them to 'do likewise.' From a great
many [ have received second letters of thanks, stating that they
had commenced the use of Favorite Prescription,' had sent the
$1.50 required for the 'Medical Adviser,' and had applied the
lol ,treatmen.t so an dl,* 5.."Jr l Jlnlv doawnutuv- miu ena.a we-m

I ... .A Marvelouns Cure- Mrs. 0. F SPRAdoum,
JEALOUS of C-ystal, Mich, writes: "I was troubled with
u female weakness, leucorrhea and falling of the
llnPl womb for seven years, so I had to keep my bed
UDoIUno. e for a good part o the time. I doctored with an
Sarmy of d-ferent physicians, and spent large sums
of money, but received no lasting benefit. At last my husband
persuaded me to try your medicines, which I was loath to do
because I was prejudiced against them, and the doctors said
they would do me no good. I finally told my husband that if
he would get. me some of your medicines, I would try them
against the advice of my physician. Be got me six bottles of the
'Favorite Prescription. also six bottles of the 'Discovery,' for
ten dollars. I took three bottles of 'Discovery' and four of
' Favorite Prescription,' and I have been a sound woman for four
years. I then gave the balance of the medicine to my sister, who
was troubled In the same way, and she cured herself In a short
time. I have not had to take any medicine now for almost
four years."

much better already." .
THE OUTGRuW'niL OF AVAST ,Xr-:b.-:1CE. .
The treatment of many thousands of cases cures nausea, weakness of stomach, indi- Inpregnancy,"Favorite Prescriptlon. ,
of those chronic weaknc-s.s and distressig gestion, bloating and eructations of gas. Is a mothers cordial," rellevin napeoa,' ..--
ailments peculiar to emfdrA. at the Invailds' As a shooting and strengtheninLg weakness of stomach and other dstren -- "-
Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo, N. V., nervine," Favorite Prescription is un- symptoms common to that condition.
has afforded a vast experience In nicely equaled and is invaluable in allaying and Its use is kept up In the latter months of
adapting and thoroughly testing remedies subduing nervous excitability. irritability, gestation, It so prepares the system for de- :
for the cure of woman's peculiar maladies. exhaustion, prostration, hysteria, spasms livery as to greatly lessen, and many times '
Dr. Plercea Favorile Prescription and other distressing, nervous symptoms almost entirely doawaywith the suffering -
is the outgrowth, or result, of this erat commonly attendant upon functional and of that tryingordeal. -a- ", ". '
and valuable experience. Thousands of organic disease of the womb. It induces "Favorite Prescrlption,"when taken .
testimonials, received from patients and rcfreahing Scleep and relleves mental ani- In connection with the use of Dr. Pierce's N
from physicians who have tested it in the ietr and despondency. Golden Medical Discovery and small laxa- -
more aggravated and obstinate cases which .r. Pierce's Favorite Prescription tirve doses of Dr. Pierce's Purgative Pellets -
had baffled their skill, prove It to be the is a legitimate medicine carefully (Little LiverPills), cures Liver, Kidneyand -
most wonderful remedy ever devised for compounded by an experienced and skillful Bladder diseases. Their combined-use' also- -
the relief and cure of suffering women. It physician and adapted to woman's delicate removes blood taints, and abolishes7an- --
Is not recommended as a "cure-atl," but organization. It is purely vegetable in Its cerous and scrotulous humors from"'the. -
as a most perfect Specific for woman's composition and perfeoy harmless In Its system. -
peculiar alments. effects in any condition of the system. Favorite Prescription" Is the only.
An a powerful, tnvigorating tonic, 6 "Favorite Prescription" Is a posi- medicine for women sold, by druggists,
it Imparts strength to the whole system, tive cure for the most complicated and under a positive guarantee, from the' '
and to the uterus, or womb and its ap- obstinate cases of leucorrhea, or "whites," manufacturers, that It will give sasfao-
pendages. In particular. For overworked, excessive flowing at monthly periods, pain- tion In every case, or' money will be re-
"wornt-out,"' run-down," debtllitatc-d teach- ful menstruation unnatural suppressions, funded. This guarantee has been printed
ers, milUliners, dressmakers, seamstresses, prolapsus or falling of the womb, weak on the bottle-wrapper, and faithfully car-
"shbop-girlsa" housekeepers, nursing moth- back, "female weakness," anteversion, re- tried out for man years. Large boUJe ;
ers, and feeble women generally, Dr. troversion, bearing-down sensations, chron- (100 doses) $1.00, or six bottles for.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription Is the great- Ic congestion, inflammation and ulceration $5.00. ._..- '-. ..-.;
eat earthly boon being unequalled as an of the womb, inflammation, pain and ten- W'Send ten cents In stamipW-for J-Dr.: -
appetizing.cordial and restorative tonic. It de-ness In ovaries, accompanied with "in- Pierce's large, illustrated .Treatise ,
promotes digestion and assunilation of food,-.ternal heat." pages) on Diseases of Women. i .

.* '' *:' .. -iS


Sanford, Fla.

Furnished at $1 per hundred, $8 per thousand
five hundred at one thousand rates
Waldo, Fla


A lot ofBudded<,'r'rng": Tri, *:'. Oiue-4 r ',r-.
ties, 2 year buds. 4 -:r .-:k i 1"i 1i, l t1-.
inches in diameter, t, I eti-i ihqn. i &.-iil'h ,,
thrifty. Must be ;i-:'ld I ', iii. r.-:..:in P1ii,':
given upon applicii..u. Part', !Oiltt tlat.e
nnmberwanted. ?nii.le. sei ii'nLA r:'ctiiit of
$1. A full line of (otir nurerr At:.tk. Sonri .,r
catalogue. Address Lf A 1. Mi-BRIDE.
J:,. k -.onrle. Fla.


-^rnt Sisclflavl.


The Preservation of Garden Seeds-All
About the Popular Pyrethrnm Insect
Powder- Barbed Wire Fences with
Growing Trees for Supports.
In the constructing of barbed wire
fences it sometimes happens that growing
trees are used as posts for support. If
the wire is fastened directly to the tree,
as some have practiced, the growth of the
tree buries it in the bark and wood, where
the presence of continual moisture and the
retention of the water of every shower
tend to produce rusting, and renewing, if
ever necessary, is rendered difficult.

The accompanying figures represent a
mode which has been successfully adopted
for using growing trees as posts for the
support of barbed wire fences and recom-
mended by The Country Gentleman.
The usual objections to barbed wire on
trees in this mode are obviated, as will be
seen in the cut, by placing a narrow board
or plank against the face of the tree, se-
curing it with two or three nails, and
Then fastening the wires to this board, as
shown in the figures. A board or plank
three or four inches wide answers the
purpose, and it may be pine or cedar. If
the trees to which the wire is fastened
are in a line where there is no danger of
animals becoming injured with the barbs,
four wires will make a good and durable
barrier. But if injury is feared from the
wire to cattle and horses, a visible ob-
struction must be provided, such as a
small rij rap wall, which maybe eighteen
or twenty inches high, more or less, the
S stones being laid loosely in a straight line
(see Fig. i This plan will in most cases
serve as well as a regularly laid wall of
: .. stones. Animals are not disposed to tread
S on the stones.

di iS l t 1**< *
-. s =:f -. [. ~ t .. .. .


e 1,1C. 'A

But, says the authority quoted from, If
stones are not to be had and the trees are
rot further apart than the length of f,'.u(e
boards, the fence may be rendered vrisible
by nailing a board between the two upper
wires, as shown in Fig. 2. There ,s still
another way to prevent harm to animals
which run in adjacent flejds. This s to
cut or plow a small open ditch on each
side and raise a bank of earth between
them and under the line of the fence.
But this cannot be adopted for trees, as
the roots will prevent the plowing of the
furrows. When posts are set it is an easy
and efficient way to protect animals, as
they are held min check by the ditches and
the bank of earth; and it obviates the use
of the lower wire, and the posts being
held by the bank need not be set so deep.
When it is desired to run a barbed fence
through wdeodsor other plantation where
the trees are not In a straight line care
mast be taken to have each tree stand in
the obtuse angle which it forms, the wire
being always placed on the outside where
it will be firmly held in position.
-The great convenience and economy of
using growing trees instead of posts is an
additional inducement for planting nar-
row timber belts at the boundaries of the
S.principal fields.,
S" Pyrethram Insect Powder.
Powdered pyrethrnm, sold under vari-
...* .ous names, as buhach, Persiau insect
:..:. -powder, Dalmatian insect powder, etc.,
be;. ". has the past few seasons grown steadily in
@-. favor.as an insecticide in farm and gar-
7{ v den. It has, in atword, assumed sufficient
_-.,. importance to entitle It to a familiar ac-
quauintance with. every farmer and every
housewife. Some confusion eists owing
'., to the' number of names by which pyre-
'. ." thrum is introduced in our markets. That
',i^:.-~ grown .inb.the.. United States, notably in

-'_'-b.Caicfornha, is sold undet the name of bu-
-... ; hach.- The imported ponder,.Pyrethram
x-o-.: --roseum'-ixs grown in .the region south of
th : _th.C'Cadchsus mountains, and is known in
K -;-..-.ommerce as Persjan insect powder, while

'* -.- :fhattgrowi in'Dalnmatia is termed Dalma-
t . ,-.a ..po wder.- ..' ..'.- "
Vr,'"P_. .yrethrum. is not poisonous to higher
,^.Lanlm.als, hence .its present popularity
^^.& .among those' who dislike to handle such
kgisons as London purple and Paris greet.

While not a poison to man and beast
pyrethrum has proven a valuable remedy
for many farm and household pests. Its
active principle is a volatile oil which acts
on the nervous system of the insect. The
powder should be kept dry and- stored in
closed packages until required for use.
It is employed both dry and in solu-
tions. At the Ohio Experiment Station
the best results have been gained with the
dry powder diluted not more than five
times with flour, finely slaked lime or
other finely powdered substances. At this
station the powder is thoroughly mixed
with the dilutent and allowed to stand for
twenty-four hours in a closed vessel before
'using to gain the best results. It is ap-
plied with a good hand bellows. Front
the experience at this station it is believed
that pyrethrum will be found most bene-
ficial for smooth bodied caterpillars, such
as cabbage worms and others like them.
On the woolly caterpillars it had little or
no effect and did not prove a sure remedy
for beetles.
On the experimental grounds of The
Rural New Yorker, where preference is
given to the California buhach, successful
results have been obtained by using the
buhach in solution. Mr. Carman, who
made the experiments, insists upon the
use of a hand force pump and the cyclone
nozzle for best effects.
With the above solution applied as here
stated, he has been able to destroy the
rose bugs, which were present in large
numbers this season on his farm. The
economy of the use of pyrethrum or bu-
bach, in Mr. Carman's opinion, depends
upon its application as a fine spray or
vapor, when the same quantity of water
will go fifty times as far as if sprinkled
on the plants, while the time required tc
do the work will be perhaps twenty
times less. At the Ohio station the pow-
der is applied through a bellows. One
pound of pyrethrum diluted with other
powdered substance three to five times
was found abundant to dust an acre ol
Directions for Saving Garden Seeds.
Seeds of all kinds, says American Agri-
culturist, should be fully ripe when
gathered, but it is also important to har-
vest them as soon as they are ripe. For
keeping small quantities of seeds, paper
bags are preferable to cloth, as they afford
better protection against moisture and
insects. Always mark each package with
the name of the seed contained in it, and
the year in which it grew. Cold does not
injure the vitality of'seeds, but moisture
is detrimental to all kinds.
Melon, cucumber, squash and pumpkin
seeds should be taken only from ripe, per-
fect shaped specimens. In a small way
the seeds may be simply taken out, spread
on plates or tins and dried. Larger quan-
tities have to be washed before drying, to
remove the slime that adheres to them.
When the seeds are thoroughly dried, tie
them in bags, and keep in a dry place
secure from mice or-rats,.
Beets, parsnips, turnips, carrots, onions,
cauliflower and cabbage will not produce
seed until the second year. Set out in
early May-strong, well matured-- plants of
last season's crop. When the seed is ripe,
cut the stalks and put under cover to dry,
then beat out the seeds and tie in paper
bags. .
SManagement of Geese.
Geese are far hardier and much easier
to rear than turkeys, and, if fat, bring al-
ways a good price in the market. In a
word,.these fowls pay very well indeed
for- keeping, and the farmer will, as a
rule, find it worth his while to have a few
of them in the autumn when his grain
crops are off the land.
Of the various: breeds of geese the Tou-
louse is the best. -known, and. with the
Embde-n, are the chief ones for commer-
cial purposes. The Toulouse is also called
the gray goose, because its plumage is of
that color, while the Embden is called the
white goose, its plumage being white
th-,ughout. Not--ithstnding the fact
that the feathers of Emibden geeso bring a
higher price than do those of the Tou-
louse, th, latter, as has been intimated, is
the more popular breed. The Toulouse
are gordl layers and their flesh is tender,
jmcy and well flavored. They often reach
an enormous weight. Their heavy bodies
fit them for cl,'se cooping and they are
easily confined by a low fence and will
thrive on less water than other varieties
of geese.

To make goose keeping a paying busi-
ness, however, a good sized pond, with a
plentiful supply of water and pasturage,
are indispensable. Provide these fowls
with a house separate from other kinds
and see that it is supplied regularly with
clean straw. Goslings to be fattened for
winter use should be turned on the stub-
bles as fast as the grain crops are har-
vested. With ample range and plenty of
water and uoats, they xwil' soon be ready
for market. It need hardly be toidl that
geese must. be kept out of the mowing
grass and corn fields or they will soon do
damage that will place them on the wrong
side of the profit and loss column.

Items of General Interest.
The New York State Dairymen's associ-
atcion is agitating the question of dairy
Many of the states show a revival of the
Grange order.
The leading cranberry growing states
are Massachusetts, New Jersey, Wiscon-
sin and Connecticut. In New Jersey thera
are some 5,200 acres under cranberry cult.
A botanicni museum is to be established
in connection with the experimental farm
at Ottawa.

g l *d Mear to ear and gave her the appearance of
mlf g adi g..: always wearing a sardonic grin..
S-a "'I have come to sing to You,' she said
s abruptly.
SMEA CULPA. 'Miss Hyde,'"I answered, 'if you had
Sthe voice of an angel it would be quite
Out of that narrow thoroughfare of right, useless. I do not wish to hurt your feel-
- Around which orb, the stars, one starlit night wings, but the fact is yor-ah-your stage
SMy soul, as if obeying some command, presence is not such as to make a success
a "Went wildly wandering in an unknown land, within the bounds of possibility.'
a Where never sunlight shot athwart the gloom,. 'You mean that I am so hideous that
SAnd where all flowers were void of sweet per. the audience would not stand it. Yes, you
S fume;, do mean that exactly; don't apologize, I
SYet where mad laughter was, and song and wine know that it is true. But you promised
r And pleasure filled her chalices divine, to hear me sing, and hear me you must.
i Then through the long, loud laughter and the After that I have a proposal to make to
song, you.'
SI vaguely heard the sigh of pain and wrong, "I went to the piano, and I must say
a And saw strange shadows flitting in the air, that I never heard anything like her voice.
And everywhere the presence of despair. Yet I knew that it would be utterly im-
SA shadow brandishing a sword upreared, possible to bring such a looking creature
SAnd all, save sigh and shadow, disappeared; on the stage. Her voice was something
SA reptile glided in the darkness past, wonderful and her training was perfect.
And some far ocean seemed to near me fast. "'Now,' she said, 'I want you to get
WhenloI I felt soft hands around me thrown, some handsome woman, in whon- yon
And heard a voice that spoke in love's low tone- have confidence, who could act the part
I A mother murmuring o'er her child, her own, Of singing. I will furnish the song; she
SWho moans at night to feel itself alone, will furnish the stage presence, as you
call it.'
And led by loving hands, and voice of love, "'Such a combination is impossible,' I
I swiftly scaled the mountainside above reed
SThe gloom and shadow, till the sunlit skies replied.
I Around me broke revealing Paradise. 'It is not impossible,' she cried angrily,
-William E. S. Fales.in The Journalist, with a stamp of her foot.- 'I have already
tried it. Every stage has a trap door. I
i.r [ l "T'T' have had constructed an ornamental fret-
JEKYlLL AND HYDE. work box that will go over the trap, and
i______ nto that I will.climb from under the stage.
I find that it can be successfully done
There is an old theatre manager in even when I stand among the scenery.
SLondon, very much run down at the heel But this is much better, and .detection is
Snow, from whom you can get a great deal impossible. Do you think that with'such
I of information if you go about it in the a voice as I have that lIam going to starve
Right way. The right way is to be pre- in London? Of course what I propose can
pared to pay for all the liquid refresh- only be suited to concerts, but I have no
Sent he cares to consume. His consum- doubt that with a woman who could act
ing ability is so great (rising as it does to it might be managed even in opera.' I
positive genius) that only those who are shook my head, ,but the result was that
Very wealthy, like myself, can ever hope we went to the theatre and tried it. Mrs.
f to have an extended conversation with Jekyll went through the motions of a
him a singer, and I had to confess that the
,"Yes,"' he said as the conversation scheme was a success. I sat in all parts
drifted in a musical direction, "prima of the theatre and it was impossible to de-
donnas are very hard to get along with. tect the fraud. It was agreed that Mrs.
I have had my own share of trouble with Jekyll would take the part of the actress,
them, I can tell you. Which was the and she, with a man that I could trust,
r worst? Well, you see, I have had very and who attended to the under stage part
r little experience with what you might call of the business, were the only persons in
the modern prima donna. If I were to the secret. After I had signed the con-
mention the names of singers that I have tract-with Miss Hyde I told Mrs. Jekyll
Shad to do with, the chances are that you that I felt as if I had sold' myself to the.
would scarcely recognize a single one of devil, and so I did.
t them. The fame of a singer, after all, is "Mrs.: Jekyll took the name of Mme.
very ephemeral. Jenny Lind is still Trillena and was a great success from the
alive, and yet her fame is largely very first. We took the provincial towns
traditional. In a few years how by storm. Miss Hyde turned out to be a
many will there be who have heard her regular little demon. How I was ever
Ssing? In the next generation how can idiotic enough to go into the scheme I
they tell whether the Patti of that day is never'yet can understand. She seemed
as great a singer as the Swedish nightin- to have bewitched me into it. Very
gale was? There is no method of comn- shortly after we were on the road she
parson and there cannot be. Which was raised her terms again and again, under
the worst toget along with? Well, that's threats of exposure. From the first mo-
hard to tell. No; it isn't either. My ment she hated poor Mrs. Jekyll and her
mind must be wandering or I would never hatred grew as time went on. Sheseemed
have hesitated- for a moment in answering maddened that another woman got the
, that question. Perhaps you think it is credit for the talents she possessed, and
age that makesmy hair so white" It is at lt-i began to fear that in one of her
nothing-of the-knd. _It was.the-seasonS mofenta-of frenzy she would-murder-her.-
had Mine. Trillena out in the provinces. The -louder the applause the more she
Never heard of her,' Well, I say gnashed her teeth and swore-for she
not. Her season was a short and Billianut could swear Like a whola company of
Sone." troopers. Curiously enough the angrier
"I suppose it was her temper that was she was, the better she sang.. I had
the trouble?" some control over her,'but I saw that it
"Mine. Trillena was the sweetest tom- was daily lessening, and I resolved that
pered woman on earth. She was very as soon as our Iour was over I would cut
handsome, and, I don't think she had a the whole business and not bring Mine.
fault in the world. When Itell you that Trillena out in London as I had intended.
we were; married after the short season "One night we gave a concert In --.
Syou may imagine what my opinion of her It was a shocking bad night, and fortu-
was." usately we had not a large audience. Be-
"Does she sing sBtill?" fore the concert commenced I heard
"My dear boy, she never sang a note in shriek after shriek in Mine. Trillena's
Usher life. She never c6uld sing. Nature room. I rus-hed in and-found the little
having .lavished other blessings on her, demon trying to strangle her. The floor
denied her a voice." : was strewn with flowers. It seems that
"But .1 thought you said that- I some one sent a handsome basket of flow-
don't quite f:,ollow you." ..- ers to Mmine. Trilleni. and this gift soe-
S "Oh, yes you do. --You. were going to furialed Miss Hyde that, she followed the
say that you th,:,ught. I said that she bearer of the basketinto the room, tore
Starred in the provinces under the name the flowers to pieces and then attacked
of Mine. Trlleua. That is what I did say. Mine. Trillena. I had an awful time get-.
SAnd a very successful.season it was. The ting the little satyr quieted, and as it was
papers spoke of her as the greatest singer she went to baher place white with rage.
of the day." She sang superbly, and the audience went
"And did you say she never sang a wild and called for an encore. When
note?" Madame took her place at the stand and
"Not one. Couldn't to save her life." I sat down to the piano we heard a.mur-
"Say, hadn't you better drink some- mur otf buhorror from the audience. I
thing milder than that? This is getting looked upin the stage and was paralyzed
serious." to ee my Miss Hyde waddling toward the
"Thanks, no. I. never mix my liquor. footlights, her eyes snapping fire and her
I think good chamrupagne is the soundest hlng bony fingers crooked hike talons.
tipple a man can use. Yes; perhaps it Mine. Trillena gave one look at her and
would be a good precaution to put an- sank on the stage ina faint..
other couple of.bottleshon ice. Then we "' Look at her,' screamed the dwarf.
shall not be& interrupted, for.I see I shall 'She is an impostor. I tim Mme. Tril-
have to tell yo.u this story. I hate inter- lena. Listen and I will sing you the en-
Srupt,':,n-; dc'u't y,:u?'" core.' By this time, as you folks say in
*"'Yes. ,o ahead. I promise not to in- America, the audience had begun tostam-
terrupt you again, no matter where you pede. This maide her stamp with rage.
land yourself." She shrieked out a note, then grasped her
"I meant nothing personal. I was re- throat with those skeleton fingers of hers.
f'erriun to the waiters. There iare very Her eyes were the eyes of a maniac. It
few real waiters nowadays. I like a deft was only too evident that she had given
waiter who anticipates your wants in way to ,ber insane temper once too often.
silence and fills your glass without asking Her voice was gone. With an unearthly
any questions. Well, to begin at the he- yell she run from the stage and out the
ginling, one day there came to my office door into the pelting st-rm. They found
Mrs. Jekyll. She was a young widow her raving on the street a mile away and
whose husband had died and left her with took her to the hospital. She was pro-
nothing to live on. She set to work and bounced insane, as she constantly claimed
learned shorthand and offered herservices in a voice that, was a hoarse croak that
as amanuensis in answer toan advertise- she was the real Mine. Trillena. Shedied
meant. As her husband had been an actor, of the fever that followed, a week after,
and she therefore knew neoreor less about and it was announced that Mme. Trillena
the work, I engaged her. She prr.:ved a was so overcome by the whole shocking
treasure. One idny there ,came in a note affair that she intended to retire perma-
from n professor I knew in Milan recoim- nently from the stage.
mending to my notice a Mis Hyde, whose "I ee that, waiter has mistaken my
v,:,iee he hod been training, and with this gesture and brought another bottle. AhI
n.:'te came another from the young lady well, I think we ought to manage it. It
herself, asldno me to name a dav when is.bad luck to send back a bottle after it
she c,'lr'd ca:ll. I knew the pr,'fe-sor has been put. on ice. You see we stage
I w,,uil senI nobody who was not worth folks have our little superstitions. Here's
hearing, so I male the appointment, to -you."-Luke Sharp in Detroit Free
"Exmitiy at the m:,nient nrm,:u' Miss Press.
Hyde was announced. Mrs. Jekyll wasi
sittiir at a desk writing when MN-s Hyde r It, is not. generally known that pearl
come in, anl, losing toward, the door fishmg is carried on in the rivers of Sax-
she gave an involuntary little shriek and ony. A family by the name of Schmerler
drew back iuatnctively. From the glare has for generations had the monopoly of
in Miss Hyde's eyes I knew she hbted following ihis pursuit for the benefit of
Mrs. Jekyll from that instant the state. The Weisse Eister and its trib-
"Miss Hyde was the most appalling utaries furnished last. year 100 pearls.
human monstrosity I ever beheld. She Formerly the yield was much greater, and
seemed but little over two feet aud a hall' Tf't~he Sixteernth century pearl fishing was
high, with arms- so long that they might considered in Saxouy of rather more im-
have tt hetl the iloor. She had scarcely portance that the minin. industry.-Chl-
any nose, but. her mouth stretched tiom cago Times.


What Becomes of Clerks and Stewards
When the Leaves Begin to Fall.
b "Papa, what. becomes of these hand-.
some hotel clerks after the season closes?'I"
asked a bright young woman of her
father,' pointing to a young man" at the-
Long Beach hotel recently.
"My dear, I don't, know what becomes
of them. That particular young man is a
depositor in our bank, and is altogether a
model young man. Many of them, how-
ever, live in idleness and luxury as long
as their earnings last and then accept sit-
nations in fur stores, where their exten-
sive acquaintance with fashionable -'butter-
flies makes their services valuable. Some
of them find employment in large dry
goods stores as floor walkers.
'W any hotel bookkeepers 'fine employ-
ment in brokers' offices, where they dis-
appear behind inclosed desks and are lost
to the public until the next summer. I
know one bright hotel clerk whose winter
occupation is a very pleasant one. He is
the escort of a wealthy but aged lady.
The pair may be seen almost every even-
ing at one of the theatres. After the
theatre they Ac to Delmonico's, where a
sumptuous supper is indulged in. A car-
riage takes them to the lady's residence,
and he leaves her at the door. This ends
his night's work, but he must report for
duty at 7 p. m the follUowing evening.
His salary is $'30i per month, out of which
he is expected to drers in the latest
'-'"A few of the summer hotel employes
find positions in city hotels here and in
other large cities, but at reduced salaries..
A clerk who has squandered his earnings
in poker or on horse races is likely to ac-
cept the very first position offered him,
which at hotels is usually the position of
night clerk.
"Many of them seek employment at
southern winter resorts and live in a very
economical manner until these open. Oth-
'rs take the places of city hotel clerks
-who are on vacations, while a few collect
hotel bills on commission from guests who
fail to commune with bookkeepers before
leaving. .
"The collector mnut be a thorough gen-
tleman, well versed in the usages of polite
society. His first mcve Is to go to the city
or town where the delinquent Lives, well
fortified with letters of introduction to its
prominent people. He participates in all
social events that occur, and becomes
quite intimate with the culprit and his
family before the business in hand is men-
tioned. He learns all about his private
affairs and his escapades when visiting
the city, and when he unbosoms himself
seldomm falls to return with the amount of
the bill or its equivalent well indorsed.
"A few become connected with the the-
atres as ushers and ticket sellers, and
some of them go on the road with travel-
ing companies.
"Hotel stewards who fall to secure 'win-
ter p1'sitlons in their professions become

How a Case of Domestle Irregularity is
Advertised in China.
I think it may amuse you if I give yon.
some extracts from The North. China
Herald, which are very curious specimens
of a class of rdvertisement quite common
in Chinese newspapers. AdvertisLg must
be a':very economical matter in China, if
one judges from the length of the adver.--.
ti'ement from which I quote. A hs--
band, who-e wife hias run away, inserts
a long account of the circumstances under
-ha h be Jmarrticd the lady, and the story
of her clop.rment, and goes on with his
piteous tale thus: "I married my wife In
1878, with much feasting, and respectful
obedience to parents. She is 27 years old -:
this year. I followed, in July, 18:3, the .
Ko ching (courteous and tranquil) bat-
talion under the ever valorous viceroy,
Tso tsung tsang. As my son wa- also.5n
his duty, my wife and I removed our resi-
dence to Shanghai. In the ,fifth mo.on.of
the present year again we removed to the
Hui fang Lou, where my wife, Ku ai
ch' ing (the,- affectionate .cabbage), went -.
frequently to drink tea at the Ti i lo, .of'
which I knew not. ;"' -- ':- -"
"Later on, on the fifteenth day of the
eighth moon, a Huchow man, wh,>ce name
and-surnamei and whose grdnifatbher's
name and surname,. I know not, went.
with my wife to burn prayers and incense
to the temple. He had the sacrilegious ef- :
frontery to wearthe little blue button and
the me'laUll':n ani heads Of a Treat c.ffltial.
This vwent on until 8 o'clock on the seven-
teenth day of the ninth mo'n, when my
wife indiscreetly and secretly vanished
from my house, carry-ing a bundle, but
leaving a l-year--:ld little daughter who,
without ceasing, weeps and wails from
sunrise to sunset, and from sunset to sun-
rise. I cannot, therefore, control my
wrath d bitterness. How, I wonder.
'could this ever to be execrated tailor's.
block without a name beguile Ku ai ch'ing -
from -her husband, who mixes this Ink
with salt tears? Surely he has not law
nor justice before his eyes or on his fore-
head. "' .
"Should any kind hearted one give me
lnformnatllon by letter I will reward him
with *21"; should he bring her back Iv wil
gratefully give him $40,'and fora myriad
generat Ions, to ali eternity, the eldest son,
of my successors shall burn' incense for
him. Should 4his rascal without a name
,obstinately retain my wife. not only to all
eternity shall he be infamous, not only
shalfhe cut off the line of his ancestors,
and be discarded by his grandparents, but
vwe three, father, syn and little daughter,
will at all times risk our bves to punish
him. I hope he will think three times,
and so avoid an after repentance. Letters
shall be received for me at No. 4 Hui fang
Lou, or at the house of my wife'sz:nieces
husband. Hsis Laosau, at the YungLou."
As the exhausted reporter sometimes puts
it, "Comment is needless."-Lees Mer-
cury. .

drummers for wholesale houses. They
Buffalo Bill s mascot.
make the life of employed hotel stewards Bfflo BI-I" M -o
e-a-burden.bypersistenn-drumming.--Nev--Henry-.Beac-0snfleld, -of--Leavenwortbh,
ertbele-ss they i iake'god salesmen, for talking of William Cody's-early life, said:
the reason that they know the leisure mo- "Wn'een I knew Buffalo Bill first, In 1861,
meats of their victims. Others are he was exceedingly, wild and woolly and
secretJy employed by wine houses. Their unpromising. We speak of the wild and
business is to boom a certain brand of woolly west sometimes with a vein of
wine in such a manner that their connec- humor in our remark, as though we on-
tion with it will not be discovered, joyed it.. Well, of all the hard looking
"One prominent hotel steward, who Is citiozens I ever set my eyes on, young Cody
also a good cook, makes quite a respect- was the worst. The sc.hoolma'ams who
able living teaching wealltay but inexperi- .used to come out from Illinois and Ohio
enced epicures the art of dining. His lot about that time used to refer to him as
is a happy one. Hedines with his patrons Sweet Willlhm. He wore his black bair
at fashionable restaurants; orders the vanr- very long, his pants in his hboots, a shiam-
ous meals and explains the various dishes, biting gait and an unkempt air generally
sauces and soups. He also Interprets the that marked him as the most unpromis-
French names of the dishes, who their In- ing youth in that section of the rowdy
ventors were and-when, where and why west. He had no pride about him, and it
they are so named. When not otherwise did not appear that he would ever amount
engaged ha visits the houses of people to anything.
who give little suppers without the aid of "About this time he fell in love with a
outside caterers. He teaches the serv- dashing little school teacher and proposed
ants the art of salad making, and con- to her. Everybody but Bill knew his fate
verses with the housewife on the long beforehand. They knew he was des-
food in- season, and the best and tined to get floored, but Bill had no ink-
most appetizing manner of preparing ling of it. When he received a negative
and serving it. Children, and. even reply he was utterly crushed, and remained
grown people, are taught the art of carv- so for days. He was perfectly collapsed
ing by him, how the knife should be and lifeless. But after a week he began
sharpened, held and how cared for when to brace up. The rough frontiersmen had
not in use Periodical excursions are ridiculed his grammar and poked fun at
made to the prominent markets, where he him on everything. Bill bought some
teaches the housewife and her marriage- books and began to post up. .
able daughters how'to select the best of '4 He was soon thereafter In the field as
everything at reasonable prlces."-New a scout, and three years after i;hben he .
York Evening Sun. .. came back, he was the most chiaged man
"" I ever saw. His defeat bad proved his
One of Mrs. Langtry's Admirers. The girlwas ismascot. Had
`' victory. Tegrws:ii aoi.-a
One day a youth of great frankness and it not been for her I am as confident as I
good humor was introduced to Mrs. Lang- can be of anything In the world 'he would
try. He looked into the cool depths of never have amounted to anything,. and
her clear gray eyes for a moment, and would never have been heard of."-San
then said: Francisco Examiner.
"You bad a tremendous effect on me ...
the first rime I saw you, Mrs. Langtry." Chewing Gum bythe Ton. : "
"Did IVt said the Lily, musically.
"Overwhelming. I wasstrolling down A day or two ago my wayward feet car-
O ve r h el m n g w as tro li n g o w n ie d to y h o l y In t~o th e su b u r b s a n d to a
town on a yery clear and snappy Novem- .ed my holy into the suTburb and to a
bel day two years ago, ruminating on the cewi gum factory. There I got some
ace o the stock market, when I Idea of an industry that thrives on perny
ia'dce of the stock market,' when I ssles and the remorseless energy of
glanced up suddenly and. met your eyes. Aweran the pae s h
They were looking directly Into mine. American jaws. In the place I saw half .
You wore a green velvet gown and your dozen blocks of warble gum, or petroleum
cheeks were red from the brisk breeze. I wax. Each weighed about 100 pounds
halted involuntarily and gazed a thousand and was almost like pure pontelican stone,
miles into your eyes, and then pulled my- dear to the old sculptor's heart and hand.
self together, and made an awkward And It was absolutely clean and odorless
apology for my rudeness. I didn't know A few weeks ago the-stuff lay In one of
anything during the nest ten minutes, the huge tanks near the oil wells of Penn-
but when I came to, I was about half a sylvanila, a dirty, greenish-brown fluid,
mile beyond, and thrashing ahead in a with the consistency of a bad mud and the
style that would have dismayed an ex- bad smell of a glue factory. Then it was
press train. I was almost on a run, and crude oil, but since then It "had been In a
[ swept people aside as though they were turmoll, and through "stirring times" and
Po much cbaff"-he stopped half breath- chemical processes.
lessly, and then added: "I'm rushing From It had been extracted a lot of
ahead rather fast now, oh?" kerosene, almost as much naphtha, not t
"Rawther," said the Lily amnaedly. Little benzine, plenty of tar, and a lot co
"Well, my object in telling you about valuable but technically named affairs
ir is to apologize for staring at you so that are out of reach. Anyway, the gum
hard. wax was left, and it was in that I saw,
"I remember the Incident tery well," olead as an ideal farmer's bed chamber.
raid Mrs. Langtry, "and it. doesn't re- Before It became the chewing gum o f-our
quire an apology at alL Women adore friends it had to be melted, flavored,
such affronts as that." sweetened, and "put up" in fanciful array.
She kept smiling at the man as she Then the 100-pound block would, appear in
talked with such an air of thorough good 5,000 penny cakes, and I am told that
nature and good fellowship, that she re- about 500 of these 100-pound blocks- are
duced him in a twinkling to the same ex- used in each week. of the-.istory.o'Co-
traordinary condition that had character- lumbia, "the .-gum of the ocean," eto.-
[zed him when he made the-run after he. Cleveland. Plaiti Dealer. .,, -
had looked a thousand miles into her eyes .
that November day.-Blakely.Hall.in The hePOstffloe.,depAi&'ent.dQe",..ot,,e.-
'Argonaut. .. .cognaize th6.tltlidf i;so tres." "-_-
P '

4 -




-, ,- *~I"V


ance from all parts of Florida. But yet
we need your help. Every one is inter-
0 everybody can afford to contribute some-.
State News in Brief. thing. The idea of popular subscriptions
-Monticello is to try for an artesian is not new but has proved most effec-
well. tive. Witness the erection of the famous
-Gainesville is to have a moss prepar- Bartholdi statue at New York.
-ing f esville is to have a moss prepar- We appeal to you and suggest the fol-
ing factory. lowing plan:
-Florida has two hundred and The business manager of every news-
twenty-nine cigar factories, paper that publishes this notice will act
-Columbia exported of its own pro- as agent and receive subscriptions, and
duction for the seasons of 1886-87 over will receive any amount from twenty-
$500,000. five cents upward. When the subscrip-
-Japan plums are in bloom in Levy tions amount to $10, and that amount is
county and the prospect for a good crop remitted to J. M. Schumacher, treasurer,
is bright. in Jacksonville,'a share of stock in the
-The South Florida Railroad has re- Exposition will be made out and re-
-The South Florida Railroad has re- turned to the agent to be held in trusWeor
duced.the price of all its lands forty per the subscribers.
cent. below graded prices. Let us have now when needed all the
-Oranges and watermelons are plen- help you can give, great or'small.
tiful in Bartow, notwithstanding the JAMES M. KREAMER, President.
lateness of the season for the latter J. H. PAINE, Director-General.
edible. W. T. FOBRBES, Secretary.
-The Plant City Farmers" and Fruit-
Growers' Association, a local organiza- HARNEY'S REVENGE.
tion, will soon be in full working condi- ___
-Sanford is not only arising Phoenix- Events Following the Massacre
like from her ashes, but is considering on the Caloosahatchie.
the opening of new streets and the,ex- When the massacre on the Caloosa-
tension of old ones. hatchie ended the truce which had for a
--The College at Orange City opened short time suspended operations against
last week with about 75 students in atten- the Seminoles, the war opened with re-
dance. A number have already entered newed activity. The naval force on the
from abroad. More are to come during coast consisted of the topsail schooners
the next week or so. Flirt, Wave and Otsego, commanded re-
-Hon. 'Wallace S. Jones, of Monti- spectively by Lieutenant-commanding
cello, United States Consul at Messina, J. T. McLaughlin, Lieutenant John
Italy, has tendered his resignation, in Rodgers (late Admiral), and Passed Mid-
consequence of private interests demand- shipman Edmund Templar Shubrich.
ing his personal attention. The army force consisted of the Third
-The taxable property of Orange Artillery, Sixth Infantry, Second Dra-
county, as estimated by Tax -Assessor goons and a part of the Seventh In-
W. C. Nutt,- will amount to about fantry.. The Eighth Infantry came later,
$4,750,000. The State levy will be 44 under command of ColonelnWorth, who
mills and for county uses 6 mills-101 soon after was promoted, and, relieving
mills all told-probably the lowest tax General Zachary, Taylor, pushed active
operations until the war was practically
.rate in the State.ended.
-The town of Fort Fanning, on the Colonel Harney was raging mad when
Suwanee River, will be laid out immedi- he reached Biscayne Key, swearing the
ately, and the lots placed on the market. bitterest vengeance on the murderers of
The syndicate owning the land is deter- bis brave men. It was murder in its
mined to build up the place if resolution, broadest sense, for the men fell "not as
added to the natural attractions of the soldiers in battle, but were surprised in
place, amount to anything. bed, shot down, slain and scalped, with
-The law authorizing the payment of no chance for resistance. On the island
$8 each for wildcat scalps, and $5 for which formb Cape Florida, there were
bear scalps, is going to be much larger several companies of the Third Artil-
than its framers anticipated. It will lery, and two companies of the Second
cost Levy county from $1,000 to $1,500 Dragoons. Barney. as Lieutenant-
a year to pay for all the scalps exhibited, Colonel, ranked all the officers at the
and taxes will have to be increased to post, and the naval men having a large
that extent. number of cypress canoes which had
been made' expressly for their use in fol-
Sou thF rida Exhibition. lowing the Indians up the rivers, la-
Soiuth Florida Exhibition. goous and bays along the coast, made
SANFORD. Fla., October 4.-The an- this easy of accomplishment.
nual needing of the South Florida Ex- Calling for volunteers, the brave Har-
hibition was.held in the Lyman Bank ney soon had two hundred picked men,
---- building Tuesday, with the following of- -sailors and soldiers, ready for a start. I
ficers present: Rev. Lyman Phelps, Dr. forget just now the names of all the offi-
J. J. Harris, A. M. Thrasher and Judge cers that went along. I am almost sure
J. F. Welborne. On motion of Judge that General T. W. Sherman since
Welborne, Rev. Lyman Phelps was dead was one, for he was at the post as
elected chairman. On motion of A. M, Lieutenant Commanding. I know the
Thrasher, it was voted that all the pa- late General Ord was there, also Lieu-
pers of the State friendly- to the exhibi- tenant. Rodney, of Delaware, a gallant
tion be requested to publish the adjourn- dragoon, and Captain Fulton of the same
: meant of this meeting for the .lth day of regiment. Francis Kee Murray, John
October, at 10 o'clock 'p. m., in the Coatee and Lieutenant Rodgers, were in
Lyman Bank building, at which time the naval contingent.
there will be arn annual' election of Taking with them a coil of.small,
officers. : strong rope, they got Qffjust 'before
,.. dark, provisioned'for -ten days,-armed
Sub-Tropical Exposition. and munitioned -for week's steady
Th' County C isioners of NVclusia fgthing, if it came to that. There were
The County Commiio n thirty boats and canoes, averaging about
County aave appropriated $1.0.0 tor an seven men in each. They paddled as
exhibit tor the courar atr the aub-Trpaob silently aspossil-le up to old Fort Dallas.
c, E -poitio, .and tor.' pa"p. t at the mouth of Miami:River, and enter-
coutaizensg vies a the county, anymore ing it, pushed_ silently and rapidly into
citizens wil probably a as much morthe Everglades. .The strictest order
money.. Volusia ..county will be well re given not to fire a gun, nor even
represented. The committee has give anorderin aloud tone. wAn expee
hands the matter has been placed areg ed guide was in the first canoe. aud
the following gentlemen : ColonelJ. H. ,arced followed i a line as cloak e as
Bodine, of Enterprise : Representative one otherusf fo d tin another. Ic tooe
Bielby : H. J. Faulkner. A. Anderson. nearly all night to pans up the sallow
Col. J. F. Baya, of Lake City. has been sinuous stream and get into the-glades.
bofore the county commissioners of- Then, fearing to be discovered, they lay
Columbia county behalf of t cose on a little island, watching
ty's interests in the Sub-Tropical, and teir t slandwating
wrts tt he hs tir auran o through their glasses for smoke or signs
f writes that he has their as.uraDce ot of occupation on the islands in sight. Or
assistance.and he applies foa good .elec- one of the largest ofthese islands the3
tior. of.pace. -sawevident signs of occupation, but none
S The following resolution was unat of alarm to show that their presence hac
mously adopted at the Exposition meet- beendiscovered. The v knew. tbev were
S ing at Sumterville: near the haunts of -"Sam Joues." or Ar
bounty reasc Te citizens of Sumter piaka, the oldest chief in the Semninol
cou recogze hegreaandnation, and of Chikaka, the giant Fish
advantage which will accrue to this ing Chiet', who was supposed to havi
County by the permanent establishment beena r hhad th h arty that com
of the Florida Sub.-Tropical Exposition at at the ead ofae prey were ow in
the gateway\ of the State, and fitted the massacre the were now
SWhereas We desire Sumter county to a ay resting andsleeping asmuc
be well represented at this Exposition to AS they, could, they lay bv. eating theL
S secure some of the tide of immigration cooked provisions, waiting for night t.
and productive capital which will flow cooe prot movements. The night ca
i.. the State through the establishment cover their moveme'uts. The night taife
into the tate through the establishment arkand cloudy enough to cover th'et
S of the State Expoition; therefore approach to the island. Every man wa
Resolved, That the county comm- the alert. Arms were inspected, or
'sioners are hereby requested to make oner e alert. Arms were ine until clo
proper provisions for a display of Sumter the ila nd, when certain of the boat
county's resources at the Exposition. were to layoff aroundit to cutoff escape
ha. Mr. Cash M. Thomas, of Brooksville, while three landing parties were to ad
S has removed to Jacksonville, and is su- vanc and surprise the enemy, not
perinteuding the erection of the building shot. to be fired until thev were discov
.for the Bernando-Citrus-Pasco exhibit. ered by the Indians. "T[hen," said Bar
Mr. P. W. Reasoner, of Manatee, has nee w othh. "Tgo in for work
S. been appote superintendent, of the ior capture a you see, young or old
horticulturaldepartment,andisexpected he or she. Spare them only as the
to arrive soon. spared my poor boys over on the Caloc
The framework of the main building sahatchle."
is nearly completed most of the siding On. slowly and steadily, the muffle
is on, and the work ot stuccoing and paddles rising with measured cadenc
pa.8. Moreman, Esq., writes from Swit- they pushed through the shallow water
zerland, St. Johns county: This corn- and stiff saw grass. t was not or
.t i" unity will send to the Exposition corn, than six or seven iiles,rapparently, the.
Sage; oranges, rice, potatoes, grape fruitssava, afornd night before getting into position for ac
Sage; oranges, lemons, grape fruit rion close up to the covered island
forage plants. We need about 400 square tk the centre; the artillery men, wit
*feet of space. is te muskets the right; the navyt men. th
The managers have just issued the tol- left, armed with United Sttes Yage
.;- Jowing address rifles. Forward, was the comman
p a o h. ubTropTo the Public : .-passed in whispers from officers to. mer
-.. Preparations for the Sub-Tropical Ex- On--and soon a scent of smoke greeted
position are going on satisfactorily and them. Still onward and a chorus c
its success is assured. But we need ad- yelping curs greeted them. "Forward-
S.- "di tional funds to complete our work. double quick."
.:? :-. Jacksonville has subscribed most liber- In a few seconds they burst into the
ally, and we have assurances of assist- village of palm-thatched houses, wit


















JAeKSONVr-.LE, October 17, 1687.
ML.ATs--D. S. abort ribs, boxed, 8) 75;;D. 8
lone clear sides, D7..; D S. bellies, 40);
smoked short ribs, i 25;smoked beUiles, li 2:5;
S. C. hamrns, canvrassed fancy, 13c; S. C. shoal-
ders,canvassed.yi>c, Calliortila or picnic hams
854c. Lard-redfned tierce, 7'.c. Mess beef-
oanels, 10,) :; baln barrels, 358',; mess pork,
616( These quotations axe for rouni lota
from dret hands.
BuTrEa-Market firm and advancing. Best
table, 24.F25e per pound; cooking, 15.'20c per
Grain, Flour, Hany, Feed, Hides, Ete.
GRAIN-Corn-The market drm wlth an
upward tendency. The jouowng figures
represent to-day's values: We quote white
corn, loo lots, o per busl; car ; car load
lots, d8rc per bushel; mlxsed corn, job
lots, 6k per bushel; car load lots 6i2c per
bushel. Oats naigher, in sympathy with corn,
at the followingrigures: Mixed, In job lots,
S10c; car load lots. i,.c; white oats are Jc high-
er all around. Bran drmer, 20'.21 per ton.
Wheat S1 50 per c wt.
HATY-The market drm. Western choice,
small bales, 821 00@:22(0) per ton: car load lots,
$2050 per Lon: Eastern bay, S')50 per ton.
P&Aa IL GRITS AND MEAl--GrIta, flrm,$380
per barrel., 1
FLOu--Best patents, $5 50; rood family,
64 755,5 l0:- common, 844 5
PEAS-M xed $1 1., whIps ft 35, clays 8130.
GROUNDi Fz-ED-Per"ton, $t"6).
COFFEE-OGteen Rio, 21.240 perpound; Java,
roasted, ,.2@%5c; Mocha, roasted, 33c; Rio,
roasted. 2E.@Cic; ground Rio coffee 182523c per
COTTON SOeD EAIL.-Demand -UghL tea
Wsland or dark meal, f19 t00920 00' per ton;
bright or short cotton meiil 21i622.
TOBACCO STEm&-Market quiet but flrm at
113 M&14 00 per ton. -
Lmn-Eastern, 500 barrel lotsa 1 30, il bar-
rel lots a8O, less than 100 $i 50. Alabama lime
5115. Cement-Aimerlcan 1200; English 5825
per barrel. .'
RICE-The quotations yary, according to
quantity from /64 cents per pound.
S.u_.T--ULverp6oli per sack, $1O00;.per car
oad, 90 cen s.
Hmnes-Dry flint, cow, er pound,fliratclass,
ut3/@12 ,ts;.and country.dy salted iP(@10 cts;


NEW YORK, Oct. 17f-There is no abate-
ment of interest in the tobacco market.
Prices ale still tendig upward, and tho de-
mand Is very strong. -
RICHMOND, October 4.--Leaf tobacco 41s
irm. Receipt- are good, but sellers and buy-
ers seem to be holding aloof, owing to the
unet tIled market Ina New York. '
LOUI USVILLE, October A.-The market ls
drim and prices looking upward. Auction
salesof !eaf ranged from about 825 per hua
dried down to 16. ".

SSAVANNAR, October. 17.-The Utpland
Cotton market opened dull, and closed at
the tOLJOWing quotatios:
M iddline fair. ......................... .. 9i-1" .
G-, d n-idihng ..... ... ................ .
)t'dln'------------------4; t11lh
iddli E .. .. ... .... ........... ...... 1-1
Low Euiddi _g.......... ... .......... .... 8 i I .
Good ordinary _Nominal.
The net receipts were 8,799 .bales; gross
receipts 8,955 bales; sales 250 bales; .stock.
at tbis port hi l,:',,2 bale. Exports c,:.alstwse
..nt) baLer, sxporito tC[u ,,nti.il-Ut 14,nl5LaIcS.
expot-i to Great Brai i -- bales.
The market is quiet and nominal at un-
changed quotations. Little stock for sale and
scarcely any arriving. *
Common Florldia-a.. ...... .................15
M edium .. ........ .. ....... .. ............. 1-
Gooid M edium- ............ .................. 1
M ediuim dne- ........ ........ ..... .. .It.
F ine--. ....... ....................... .. ... .... .. .-
E .tra F i e-... ....... ........................ ...-
C ho ice....................... ......... -




Maniuacturer of


Bo notheaR OraPn Trco Emisioil,'
the Beat Insecticide Ex'tant. ,Coare Groand
Bone for Poultry, -.oft Soap, and Soap Chipsfor
making soapsa ioar Plan ri ani Vegetables.
P. 0. Bcr; 310, Jaciksaonrvdle, Fia

Before yon decide where to go in SOUTH
FLORIDA, send for a sample copy of
You vwill id bette er e bargains In
MANA.Ez Couny In groves, farms, ranches of
an size. Build ng lots on railroad, river or sea-
side'. The proprietor of "The Orange Grove" Isa
an "old tinier, but neither moss backed or hIde
bound; he Is here to stay and 'There Is-mllibons
Lht.': Three Millions ofacres on hid Books.



200 Acres in Fruit Nursery.

Fruitlaud Nurseries,

P. J. BERCKlIANS, Proprietor.
The stock of
Specially grown for Florida, consists of every-
thing adapted to that climaoi.
Send for Descriptive Catalogues.

smouldering fires around among them, butchers drysalted 8 cents. Ski- er nt.
and a horrible yell and a scattering fite each 2c@ald 00 raccoon 10@15 cr-:nt-, win.id
from the startled red skins greeted them 10@15 cents; fox 10@15 cents. 1B.:.iwa:, per
as they rushed in, firing as they went, pound, 18 cents; wool, free fr-u r,, 1o',2
The surprise was complete. Fifteen or cents; burry, 8@15 cents; goat k,iu'- eurs
twenty shots from the Indians, a full piece country Produce
volley from the whites, and-all who were ConsuS--Fine 'Creamery 15% cents per
not down, dead or wounded, fell to the pound.
earth in submission, except four or five LIvE PouTr-Limited supply and good
who fled off in the darkness among the demand as follows: Hens 35 cents; mixed 30
cents; half grown 22 cents.. They are scarce
trees and shrubbery. Among these was and in great demand.
the gigantic Chikaka, dropping his rifle EGs--Dural County, 22 cents per dozen witl4
from a broken arm as he ran, good demand and limited supply.
Rfrom a broken arm as he ran. PoTATOs-Northern potatoes $2 90@
A brave private in the Second Dragoons 83 25 per barrel.
-his name was Hall, and he was made oJioNs-western per barrel $83 50, New York
a sergeant sbon after-saw Chikaka as 8 75 per barrel; Spanish onions, $1.50 per crate.
New York Cabbage; 10@12o per head.
he ran, and followed, carbine in hand. NEw BEnTS-New York $275c per barrel.
He never lost sight of the chief, but kept TorxATcs-New York, per crate, $1 00.
on until he could get a sure shot. TumpxSa-Buta Bags variety $2 50 per bar-
Wounded and bleeding, Chikaka found rel. foreign Domestic Fruits.
he could not escape. He halted, threw eavy advForeigane in all canned goods cover
up his left uninjured hand, and cred out ing50c per dozen, most noticeable in peaches,
in his broken English, "No shoot Me pears and apples, caused by short crop-corn
good Indian-heap good No shoot" and tomatoes; also, in canned fish, principally
"Takegood Indian-t for ap goo sahathieshouted in salmon, owing to.short catch this year,
"Take that for aloosahatchiel shouted atch being lighter than any season for four
Hall, as he sent a ball through the chief's years.
heart. An instant later he tore thescalp R --French, 12c.per en.
from Chikkaa's head, and then ran'back PINEAPPLEON -Ms752s0037 per dozen.
LEmo6Ns-Messinas;,'$8 50@3'75 per box.
to the village to present it to Colonel FiGs-New, in layers, 15c.
Harney. The Colonel was standing by DATEs-New Persian Boxesy ; Frails, 7c
some wounded officers and men cf his NUTS--Almonds 18c; Brazifs 12c;., Fiberts
'Some wounded officers and men h icily) 12c; English walnuts, Grenobles, 18c;
command, looking sternly at the group Marbots 15c; Peca'ns 14c; Peanuts 6%c; Cocoa-
of terrified prisoners and a small pile of nuts $5 50 per hundred.
dead and dying Indians. "Bring" that RA s-New ondon layers, $3 25 per box.
BuTrTrnar-Creamery 20c; Extra Dairy 17c;
coil of rope from my boat!" he shouted Dairy 15c.
to one of his men, "and be quick APPLE-New York. $2 75@3 50 per barrel.
about it. We will have a hanging bee Sickle Pears $6 75 per barrel; Bartlett Pears
65 00 per barrel, 3.00 pe half barrel.
before the sun rises." And he did., Delaware Grapes, Catawba and Concord 10@
I acknowledge my indebtedness to my 12c.
scrap book for some of the minute par- TamaicaBananas $2 50@300 per bunch.
ticulars, for fifty years will make many Retail.
a break in memory's thread. The following quotations are carefully re-
HESTER PERRINE WALKER. vised for Wednesday's and Saturday's paper
FERNANDINA, Fla., Oct. 1, 1887. m et:atins finished by dealers in the
New York Cabbage wholesale at $2 50@3 00
OCTOBER WEATHER. per barrel and retail at 15@20 cents .
-- e o Sweet Potatoes wholesale at 50c per oushel
The following table, compiled from the record and retail at 26c per peck.
of the Jacksonville 'Signa Station by Corporal Eggs are in fair demaffd. Duval county eggs
T. S. Townsend, presents the temperature, con- are quoted- at wholesale 20@22 cents per-
dition of weather, rainfall and direction of wind dozen, and retail at 25 cents.,
for the month of October,.as observed' at the Boston marrowfat squashes wholesale at
Jacksonville station during the past 15 yeis.: 2 50 per barrel, and retail at 4@5 cents per
TEMP. WEATHER .0 0 New York Irish potatoes wholesale at 3 00
per barrel, and retail-at 10 cents per quart, or
Nt Vwo quarts for 15 cents. .
9 -- a; 'Live pouitry--elckeus wholrisale at 20nV.
NAS. cents eh: retail at aiSlil, l ent' ea-ch. Fre-erd
5 0 ; pooltry, pe pptand--c-hhlKen, reta, ic(iuts.
a S h S.'~c Northern meats u-tail as toUows: Chcauo
r- -- eef i,'i ceut per pond; Florida nee" t...,1i
1872 86 46 68 12 18 i 3; NE cents per punid; real ii ntrcknt'; p'.k i1.Jl
1873 88 40 66 10 15 r. ,.5 NE cents; mutton 10.0 ent.; vun 25 cents;
1874 86 49 69 14 13 .1" NE a.Ru-age 15 (teLs; cuirned eer' I0 cent.
1875 86 43 66 12 11 6 4 4,' NE Olra wr.ole'aie at *,i, -sut. per pc:k, and
1876 88 48 66 14 1 .4 '1. NE retails at 10 cents, 'r two luart.s or 1.- ce'nt-.
1877 85 50 72 10 12 4 7:5 NE Egg Plants wuoilesrue at .'-.125 cents per
1878 85 46 69 11 14 i.6i NE dozen and retail at .0l c its- eiah.
1879 86' 59 74 4 9 IJ 45 NE Norfbern ruts oaga turnip- $225 per bairri,
1880 85 46 69 10 8 "a 1i6 51 NE four quai ts or 25 centsE.
A188 88 4 75 16 11 t 2 7 NE Northern uarrut. whole-ale at 3 o) per bar-
1882 86 51 73 15 9 ; ]u 'i NE rei: retail at 1o cent' per peck.
1883 .92 59 74 12 12 7 7.26 NE Celsry-KE&tlautoo, r, merits per dozen, two
1884 92 46 73 13 13 I u 12 NE stalk-s lur i F eo.I.&
1885 85 49 68 11 14 i 3 NE Snap beans, wholesale t1 .1i per bushel: re-
ism 7 44 69 18 12- 2. :. NE Lail I)cenut per qutare.
Tormatu.es, '-h. alesaletl 0 ( ), s per crate; ie-
ta Utai U l cent pi rqiailt t.r wo quarts 'or Ci5ceut.-.
Groves where Williams, Olark &'Co's Wt.aie turnips 12i)} per barrel, four, iuarts
Orange Tree Fertilizer bas been used are for 25 cents: green tuatiJs oesae atu 6
looking finely. cents pe bunper retal, ) cents per'qbuart.
looking finely. +, Carrct; 1'2150 per oarrel,WlU.,ent,6 per"quart

(Lespedeza striata and Paspaclin platycaule.)
Illustrated and described., in FLORIDA FAuMER
Supplied at $1.00 per thousand,
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida.

FOR .;
A Standard Picket Fence Machine. Two per-
sons can weave from one to two hundred rods in
a day, from 4 to 6 feet high, at a cost of from' 80
to 50 cents a rod. Also White Leghorn Cock-
erels of the Knapp strain.
E. WT. AMS-IDEN, Orm..-nd, Fla.

Supplied in car lots lput up in bags or barrels.
Direct shipment. Guarantee analysis. Price
and Pamphlet free. Address
Box347l. Nianee.
tanr'. C'ana.

GLEN ST. MARY, Baker County, Fna.
.Pea6hes, Pears, Apricots, Japan Kelsey Plum.
For catalogue apply to
Glen St. Mary, Baker Co., Fla

I do not send to Georgia for iny stock and then
sell them as Florida. Trees.
Prices very low. Send lor circulars.
w. P. HOBRE,
M'.( r ieany, Fla.

For free catalogue address
CHARLES KELLER, Mont,-:Cll:., Fla.

Muck Tea Cents Per Cord.

If you wish to get: o tt muk cheaply get 1a
For particulars address
M-MLetLm, Fla


Rare tropical, ornwnimenal andifruat plant' for
open air cuituie in Florida, and imr tihNortnern
green boLutc. AilO, a uIil lie o fenemji-uiropical
trees, pl.ats and grat,-., an,1 general nursery
rork alatie.l t. F)ti -ida adl theonlut
Exotic fr.:.oi ldaf Auairaua and the Wret
Iics, a:iuy m iLeirm uer'er beiorn intrr.,iuce.J
intotae Uted .te. : .
1 he nirot -,empt-ie 1.--cr;ptivet cat.illmague ,f
tropi-.:ai d e -r-i-[,upcal plants puuubs6nd in
Amer., C'rtfilou i male. l,, pl.t-t'-ai on re-
ceipt of i5 ..cts. Free to ail crmer
Manatee Fia.

QGeCIiUe WashixIgtoil aM Doailbiein-erial lNavals,
Order Now if you wish tobe in time.
We officer fr Fal and Winter Delivery a cbo;ce
Abo, the VILLA FRANOA.,est and bariest ot
Leamjns. Also. Eirl Spanib, Jaffa, Maiorea,
Maltn Oral, and una'riv aUl rarietres f Orange,
Lemon and Lime 'Wo als. offer for the
i'i- mie i..', Fiornia o-range growers the
Mo6.t Proliice Navel known, and tue
Winter P4irk, Orange County, Fia


A. B. Campbell,


* This powd,:r Levr varies. A marvel ol
puntl'., strenorrb and wnoiesomenDsse. More
e,:i.i:,ij(,ic'l tl-n urtc ordinary kinds., and
iunnot be sold Itr competition witb the
muitiadle o low lest, elort weight dilum or
puuopr.ai'.- puwn'deis. .S.d' l only i cas
-Ner York.

Grape Vines

S/ ied to (be S,:. 0 and, Climaie of

brown and for Sale at

E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for Caraugie a nd order qarly. Send,also,
mr Pre.: Lit-i

Florida Win s.


Vf .



Has the Exclusre Frsnchai e of tee .


the Largest audi O(nl Ellient News Servre i n
the t euintry. Also.


aud the moe t complete "



irom all the Leading Cirtesof the Unjol, dar-
ing 'ho season, are aidJspersable toevery
Frtitl Grower, and arp worth to each one
who ba a .ladly mnad tienT rimes
the price of the paper. Its ,


are also full and complete.

One Tear. 10. Six-Montbts,85. Three
Montlhs.82.0. One Month, 81.

*- -

Weber Pian-:s, Haines Pianos, -Vosa Pianos,
Morris Piauos, Clough & Warren Organs
Wilcox & White Organs, Pelonbet Standard
Swisell e and deliver at your nearest station
High Grade




Fnr less money than any another hoase in the
United States. I ll ship a Ptano or Organ to
any honest man or woman- on trial, and if not
sarisfactor, I will pay freight both ways. $25
cash and $'l a month on a Piano, and $10 cash.
and $5 a month on an Organ till paid for-not
much more chan'an ordinary rent. On these
very liberal terms anyone can own an instr'-,
ment. Send for FREE CATALOGUE contain--
mg fall Lnformarlon. Sheet Music., Strings,
ViotLus, Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons, and, %a
fact, every musical instrument that is made;
and at very low prices. Send for complete Cat-'
aoges. I have 20,000 pieces of Choice M Osic
at Cents per copy.

- .' .' C
itias .r2...a4a-an.. .IW

la i


1- -i
S- -t. *




Absolutely Pure.
- hsp.d rS ue 'r '-re.A avln


+ ;

m N C -- wo

A .'



A Home in Florida.
Your attention is called to the offerbof
a lot in Macedonia City, Leewcouuty,
Florida, and a year's subscriptiohnto a
leading papei of the State. for $1. Mac-
edonia City is fifteen miles south of the
terminus of the Florida Southern Rail-
road at Trabue. and overlooks the far-
famed bay of Charlotte Harbor, the most
magnificent sheet of water in the South.
An unparalleled offer. Address, for
sample copy of paper and full particulars,
S. Key West, Florida.

"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
iug along with other high grade fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better thLin any
sold in Florida. We shall use id agaiu
this year. .
We dno not hesitate to say to the vege-
table ,growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good, as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. W e know
by .experience what we say regarding
this fertilizer. ,
WoprolD & WiLDER.
Ft. Mason, Fla.





f I

" .1 1