Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00038
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 12, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00038
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text




The Importance of Maintaining
Bureaus of Intormation.
Editor Florida Farmer and FPurit-(Grower:
I have been reading with much inter
est the proceedings of the new Immigra
tion Association, and also the excellent
article of John Macdonald, in the Weekly
Times of August 25th. They are both it
the right direction, and I cannot finch
fault with either. I have worked in the
same line as far as if could as an indi-
vidual, and I can see that organized ac
tion as proposed by the association, and
free advertising as proposed by Mr. Mac-
donald, is the only safe course for the
future. But perhaps I can add some
things as the result.of my own work and
experience that will be of some interest.
Many years ago my attention was
turned to the tendency of emigration tc
the West, and I found it was largely
the result of free advertising by the rail-
road companies or shrewd speculators.
They had their agents everywhere, in
Northern cities, in Europe, even in
Russia. The railroads issued pictorial
books of their respective roads, and set
forth the respective localities traversed
by them, in gorgeous colors. They gave
an analysis of soils, they stated what
could be grown and how much per acre,
they puffed the mineral resources, and
in fact left nothing unsaid that could
woo the imagination or tempt out the
savings of the industrious. Moreover,
they offered inducements in the way of
free or very low transportation, and the
result has been that in nearly every case
each 'immigrant had his destiny fixed
before reaching Castle Garden, and the
authorities there had little to do except
to forward the people over the roads al-
ready selected by themselves.
There is, however, a large class of our
nM- adie-popu4at-son not-!xu-bjeot. tao-these
selfish and one eyed corporations or com-
binations, and I have advocated, as a
writer, the duty of the General Govern-
ment to.open in one or more of the great
cities:a bureau of information, for the
purpose of guiding those who may be
desirous of going somewhere to improve
their condition without knowing ex-
actly where to go. I saw the need of
something of this kind from the hun-
dreds of people who have come to me to
inquire about Florida. knowing me to be

knowledge as I possessed, and I am sure
I could send thousands there had I the
facilities to offer of an organized bureau.
I have been led, little by little, to a
change of views, and to the belief that it
is the duty of each State desiring to at-
tract emigration, to establish its own
bureau in that city of the North from
which emigrants most largely set forth.
In saying "the State," I of course mean,
that the State shall be there fully repre-
sented, either., by its own official act or
by ouch an association as has lately been
organAize-d with us.
What we want must be found here,
right on the spot where two-thirds of
the bui ness of the United States is
transacted, and where every man would
come forte information he needs, and
be sure of finding it. I-must be 'a little
more personal than Iwould prefer to be,
for, as I have already stated. my preweant
position on this question is the result of
long years of personal experience. Peo-
ple come to me wiahing to go to Florida.
but not knowing where to go. Each man
has his own tastes to gratify, while some
are guided more by their pecuniary
meane- One maon may want a giove.
which-he can.afford to pay for, and an-
other wants a place where he can make
smtuall means available. One seeks for
health, aud another for the luxuries of
fishing or the chase; one wants the sea,
another the lake, and so it goes on. The
rule, almost without an exception,is that
each inquirer would like to go to some
place that will suit him without the ex-
pense and loss of time of going all over
the State to find it, and each man, I am
stirry to say it, has a dislike to come in
contact with land agents. I say I am
sorry for this, for I think as a class they
are a necessityand have done a great
service to the State, but we cannot con-
tend against popular prejudices, and it
would be much easier to work through
State or county organizations having the
general good in view, rather than indi-
vidual interests. The call of the Imigra-
tion Association for county organiza-
tions is one of theb best features of its
project, and I heartily commend it.
The bureau in New York should cover
the entire State. It should possess maps
of all the counties, with the lands desig-
nated therein wbich-are forisale, and as
far as possible those that are open for
homestead and pre-emption. I would
shut no mni out, even if he has no cap-
ital but the muscles of his body. It
should have on exhibition specimens of
the products of the State, its soils, wood,
minerals and whatever else that can be
safely exhibited, even to its fruits and
vegetables, its fodder plants and grasses.
It must have an intelligent man, capa-

ble of answering all questions, patient FLORIDA'S SUB-TROPICAL. Over the main entrance, between the
and courteous, and each applicant should towers, will be an ornamental veranda
be directed to the county or local agent Detailed Description of the 20 feet wide by 90 feet long, and inside
the best adapted to take him in charge Mai Build will be a sloping gallery of the same size.
and show himni that of which he is in Main Building. Above the veranda the front, for a
search. The following description of the main height of 32 feet, wil be of elaborate
Merely to advertise Florida in a gen- building of the Florida Sub-tropical Ex- colored glass, and from the top of the
eral way is but one step in. the right di- position is taken from the Florida Times- eagle, which will adorn the pediment
reaction. What I have done in that way Union of September 18th. of the roof, to the ground will be 58 feet.
was but an introduction to individual While the engraving gives a very accu- the eagle being 7x8 feet.

John C. Kernan, the secretary of the con-
tracting company. The side walls are
up and about half of the roof on the
north side is on, while the frames of ihe
towers at the. north end of the
transept are up to a height of 42 feet.
The main tower is also up to a height of
75 feet, and a great deal of the other
lumber is framed and ready to be placed
in position, and at the present rate of


effort. It brought people to me and that rate idea of the general appearance of the
is all. If they webt South, they went building, it will no doubt be ofinterest to
propelled by such, representations as I the'readers of the paper to know some-
could personally offer. One man came thing of the dimensions of the building,
to me lately with a, string of written etc.. which will be found below:
questions nearly a foot long. They were .The, building proper will.be 805 feet
not answered in any article I had writ- six inches in length, but including the
ten, nor could they be, for they applied tower'at the ends it will be 325 feet ari
only to his individual case. I had lee- six inches long.
turned before the Y. M. C. A., and that The width, not including the towers, is
brought me nor or1n this man but forty 182 feet, and with the towers it is 152
others, each with his own eager inqui- feet wide. .
ries. I was so much interested myself The foundations en the north and east
in this pursuit of knowledge by- ,oheis sides, as well as portions of those on the
that I began preparations forl'a private southland west sides, are of brick laid in
bureau such as I have hastily outlined cement, there being, required in their
here, and I shall probably carry it into construction 70,500 brick. The other
operation unless it can be better carried portions of the foundation. on the south
out by ihe organized effort.in Florida, and west sides, are composed of pilings
with which I will cordially co-operate. driven solidly in the ground, which
I shall be in. Jacksonville early in was considered too soft for the use
November (D. V.), and shall be glad to of brick. This portion of the foundation.
exchange views with the Board of with that for the cipport of the floor in
Trade, or with any society, organization theisouthwest corner, required the driv-
or individual that may have this ques- ing of 146 piles.
tion of immigration at heart, or I shall The building will be supported by
be glad to respond. to any letters that heavy timbers, grading up in size as the
may be addressed to my Noew. York requirement of strength demands until
office, 146 Broadway, Rooms 501, 502. the largest,' which supports the, main
1Respectfuljy.; 1 trussed roof, are reached, which are
S: J K HOYT. 10x12 inches, in size. and rest upon heavs
0 bNick piers. wbi'.h are covered with IU
Southern Planters' True Policy. inch iron aps, and evry particle thf
S'. .1- the timber used. from the sills up, is
A distinguished planter from Missis- planed so that it can be painted when the
sippi, General Miles, in a brief off hand work iscompleted. and will present a nice
talk from the noor. seemed to give the and finished appearance.
most satisfactory solution. His nist po- The main wvall of the buildings are
sition was that the planter should so sheathed diagonally 6onthe outside, with
cotnducr iis operations as to be able to planed and tongued and grooved sheath
withhold his cotton' from the market ing which is securoly nailed to the stud-
when the price was below the coat of pro- ding for the purpose of securing addition-
duction, which would consequently, if alstrength.and to this lath will be nailed
generally done, be sure to enhance and covered with stucco made of cement
prices. To do this the planter should and sand, with palmetto fiber, and put.
make himself independent of advances on in different colors, and afterwards
by factors or indebtedness to merchants, striped to represent stone, so that the
Be should not plant all cotton and buy walls of the building and towers will
everything he needed he should raise have the appearance of having been con-
all hisown suppliesaud buy nothing that structed of stone.
he could raise at home. The South pays
the Northwest fifty millions of dollars EXTERIOR DETAILS.
per year for meat, nearly all of which The main entrance will be on Pine
could be raised at home: it pays the street, on the northeast side of which will
Western States twenty-five millions per be located the main tower. This will be
year for mules which could be mainly 14 feet square at the base and run up in
raised at home. General Miles owned that shape-i4 feet. when it becomes an
four hundred slaves before the war. At octagon, irrwhich shape it rutnsup28 feet
the close of the war he was burdened to the main observatory, which is 12 feet
with a debt of r1l0,000, bearing 10 per high and 16 feet in diameter. From the
cent. interest. With twenty crops he top of the observatory it is 13 feet to the
had paid off-thisdebt and was now kide. flagstaff, making the height from the,,
pendent in his circumstances. He prac- ground to the flagstaff 100 feet.
ticed what he preached, and he believed On the opposite side of the main en-
othere could do the same. The General's trance will be another tower 10 feet
speech made a profound impression. square running up42 feet to the lookout,
-Major Fairbanks, in Fernandina Mir- which runs up 18tfeet higher tothe staff,
ror. making a height of 60 feet to thie flag-
staff.: On the western end, on Laura
-Thousands of orange, LeConte and street entrance, are two other towers'
Keifer pears. peaches, Kelsey plums, and the same size and height, while at
othfr fruit trees will be planted hdre this the north and south ends of the traR-.
winter. This section is the home of the sept which runs across the center of the
peach, and fruit. rowers are beginning budidingout from thedome'aretwo'other
to realize that it l be more foRltably towers at the east end, of the sanie size,
grown -than almost any other fruit.- making in all eight towers, exclusive of,I
Levy County Times, the dome.

The side .alls will run up perpen- progress there is no reason why the
dicularly to .e, height of 21 feet 5 inches building should not be completed within
to the first section of the roof, the upper the time specified.
edge of which will be 27 feet 8 inches, and ,
through theehitire length of which will
run along- the center a skylight 5 feet Exposition Circular.
wide. + The following circular printed on a
Next comes a row oif louvre windows letter'size sheet, having on the reverse

The eaves of the second sections of the printed for general distribution. The
roof on either side are 34 feet from the Secretary will supply it to any appli-
'floor. running uip to 41.1 feet 2 inches. cant, in such number as he can use to
with similar rows of skylights. goodadvantage:
Next comes another row of louvre g
windows 4 fe.t 8 inches high, and then I FLORIDA SUB TROPICAL EXPOSI-
*the main trussed roof, theeaves of which TION.
will be 45-i feet i1 inches from thegrounde ___p
and running up: to a height of 51 feet 4
inches, which will be the height in the' THE BAHAMAS, FLORIDA, WESTINDIES.
clear from the floor along the center of
the building. Along either side of this so to Dis e d
main ioof the entire length will be a OenC also and isplas o merico and
row of skylights 6 feet wide. .
In the perpendicular walls will be 280
lights 2 fet t li) inches by 4 feet 6 inches, BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS.
and 4s lights 2 feet 10 inches by 3 feet l" At the water works park, within, the
inches. city limits of Jacksonville, fronting on
In the entire building will be 1,4835 Pine'street;also, on Laura, Hogan and
windows ranging in size from 2 feet 10 First streets. Accessible by a short'
inches by 3 feet t10 inches to 6 feet square, walk from all central portions of the
which a sufficient to render the building city, also by street car lines and car-
tci light as could possibly be desired. riages.
The dome will be 45 feet in diameter EXHIBITS
4t the base and run uptoa heightof '43' EXBITS.
feet 10 inches, which will be surmounted A complete display of all products of-
by a flagstaff 22 feet high. which will Florida and the choice products of the
make its extreme height from the top of other countries named.
the staff to the ground 105 feet. Tropical and semi-tropical trees, fruits,
INTERIOR DETAILS. flowers, shrubs, plants and grasses of
Th rae .rm every variety growing in perfection.
The transept runs across the middle The visitor will not only be attracted
qf the building leading north and south by this rare display, but will, also-find
fi-rom the dome, at each end of which that Florida is capable of growing near-
will be two towers. It will be the same ly all the products ofthe farm, orchard
height as the main roof of the building. and garden; grown' in our Northern
At the north and south ends of the tran- States.
sept will be exits, over which are to be Cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, rice, or-
.verandas feet wide by 45 feet long, anges, lemons, limes, pine-apples; cocoa-
with sloping galleries on the inside the nuts, bananas,.mangoes, tamarinds, za-
In thsame iztoweronthe southern of he potes and other tropical and semi-tropi.
In the'towers on the south eud of the cal fruits and plants will contrast with
transept are to be closets for gentlemen apples, pars, peaches, plums, g contrast i,
and ladles, besides dressing-rooms, cloak- and the various fruitsa farm products
rooms, etc., while -in.thoseon the north of our Northern States, all profitably
side will be located the sleeping apart- grown in Florida.
ments of those who are required to re- Visitors for :pleasure-will have their
main at the building at night. tastes gratified by the.-magnificent dis-
Only 82 feet of the building at the play, while those seeking information as
south side is to be floored, through to the resources of Florida will find
which cribs are to be built for tropical revelations that will astonish them.
,plants. -
Under the center of the dome is to be INDUSTRIAL.'
placed an immense fountain of beautiful Under this head will be displayed the
design, inside the basin of which will be bese methods of utilizing the products of
placed fish of various kinds, and around Florida, such as sugar making, cotton
the basin will grow chosen flowers of and tobacco culture and manufacture,
many varieties. rice cleaning, fibre manufacture, silk
The building proper, exclusive of the raising and manufacture, fruit evapora-
plumbing. inside painting, fountain, etc., ting, wine making, wood working, and
will cost about $80,000. and it'will prob- many others. There will also be dis-
ably require fropi $5,000 to $10,000 ad- plays of artistic work and curiosities of
ditional to'fit it up ready for the recep.- arlous kinds. Also a special display by
lion of exhibits. our colored people of the products of
So far the work of constructing the their own skill and labor, showing the
building has progreopqd very rapidly progress they have made in the indus-
under the general supervision of Mr. trial arts as well as in agriculture.

A considerable part of the main build-
ing will be occupied by county displays,
which will be of unusual excellence, ex-
eluding exhibits of commonplace or in-
ferior character. Some of the counties
have already obtained permission to
erect separate buildings of their own to
admit of larger displays than the space
allowed them in the main building would
The display of oranges and other citrus
fruits will be the largest arid choicest
ever made in this country This display
will be maintained throughout the win-
ter season, and the fruit can be pur-
chased- either for immediate delivery or
for shipment. This department will be
a grand market for the sale of the finest
grades of oranges.
In the Bazaar will be exhibited all such
articles as are desirable bo'h for exhibi-
tionand for sale. This will le an attrac-'
tive, featuroof the Exposition. -
We have ample water supply, both
fresharid salt, and expect to establish a
large and choice aquarium, exhibiting
the great' variety of fih native to the
waters of Florida. thbe Baamas and the
Gulf of Mexico.
We expect to show a collection of
wild animals and birds that will be of
great interest to visitors.
Low rates will be arranged from all
points to and from the Exposition, and
in the main building will be established
a Union Ticket Office selling tickets to
and from all points throughout Florida
at low- rates. Express, telegraph and
telephone offices will be establishpd in
the Exposition.
We shall establish a hotel department,
securingfixed rates from all hotels and

tribution.' tack and express rates will
alo be gxed and. posted. Applicants,
either by mall or telegraph, can secure
lodging in advance y stating number of
rooms required and-'price they desire to
pay. The hotels. and boarding houses of
Jacksonville will accommodate thou-
sands of visitors, aud we will arrange
for extra accommodations with private
families; also, utilize the hotel accom-
modations o of otih-r towns. All who
cbme may be a-.;rpd of every possible


will be there to answer all questions.
The building will be completed early
in December. We expect to open the
Exposition January, 1888, and to keep it
open for winter visitors during four
Among the special exhibits will be a
band of Seminole Indians from the. Ev-
erglades of Florida encamped on the Ex-
position Grounds, Many other attrac-
tibns will be announced later.

Official Appointments.
TA-LLAHASSEE, October 5.-The Gover-
nor has made the following appoint-
ments of delegates to the Southern State
Forestry Congress, to. be held at Hunta-
ville, Ala., October 29: Profissor John
P. Patterson, of Pensacola; Hon R. C.
Long, of Tallahassee: Professor A. H.
Curtiss, of Jacksonville; .. Mr., A. 0.
Croome, of Brooksville; Mr. A Beech,
of Mulberry Grove, These -delegates to
the National Farmers' Congress, to be
held at Chicago, November 1 to 5, have
been appointed: Mr. A. B. Godwin, of
Marianna; Mr. John S. Winthrop, of
Tallahassee; Mr. John V., Brown,,of Su- T
wanee Shoals; Colonel John M. Martin,
of Ocala. W,

Reduced Railroad Fares.
TALLABASSEE, October 5.-It isean open
secret here that.the Railroad Conimis-
sioners have decided to reduce the pbas-
senger tariff on the railroads in Florida to
three cents per mile. It is almost uni-
versally believed that the result will be
to more than double travel in the State
and to greatly stiziulate trade, so that
the railroad companies will be at least
equal gainers wiLh the people.
* The first and last pages of this issue
being devoted mainly to articles bearing
on the immigration movement, a large
number of interesting communications
which would have appeared on thae
pages, have to lie over until next wek.
-A. H. 0.
The article on the Sub Tropleal Expo.
sition which appeared on tbeetighth pao
of our last Issuea should haVe beoen t
cited to that vaLuIblte publiation. The

I .


41 1 S H. Sanford, of Thomasville, Ga., one of ber as they will germinate in a lower 'The roots extend out rapidly and fill the i
LVt b'y t anati- W t,- nt e the best known experts in nursery busi- temperature than almost any other seed. ground between the rows. Fertilizers I
ness, writes tc'us under date June 17th: They can be sown any time during win- should be so" n broadcast and well mixed c
-- "I planted out about 50 of the trees I got ter, but the earlier in October the better, with the soil. Strong fertilizers in hills p
HORTICULTURE IN JAPAN. of you last season. Some of them have They will then come in when there is a may kill tomatoes. An acre of land i
__ matured fruit already, and I had it on scarcity in market, as the Northern planted in tomatoes,-8x4 feet, will have
Interesting Observations of An exhibition last week at the Georgia Hor- onions are gone by the end of April. 8 3,675 plants.
...... n uu v. ...ticultural Society at Dalton, Ga." Dis- The Bermuda is considered by many Every plant ,sh,:.1ui. have stake 4 feet A
American Tourislt. cussion has arisen among various nur- growers the best variety for the South. high, an I t,: this the plant, should be
That enterprising nurseryman, H. H. serymen as to the relative merits of rais- The Giant Rocca also succeeds well. tied with strong-twine, a notch hacked .
Berger, of San Francisco, has given the ing these nuts from seed or from the im- There are better keepers than the above at the top with a hatchet ito keep it from
readers of the Pacific Fruit Grower the ported grafted trees. The opinions and named, such as the Danvers Yellow.- slipping down. Cut off the side shoots
following account of what he saw during results have been so diverse that it will THOMAS SUMTER;. of the plant to prevent over growth. ,
a recent tour in Japan : be some time before a settled determina- JACKSONVILLE. Fla. Cut back some of top for the same
Not many years ago Japan was known tion is arrived at. One rule ought to be reasons. Some of the Crystal Springs
to the larger part of the civilized irihab- observed in all (.anes,and this can not Medicinal Qualities.i .' truck farmers made over 800 bushels of L
itants of the western hemisphere a- Ie too ot-n repeated. Let every one -.. tomatoes to the acre iast rear.
merely an empire existing ;IL.the Orient. I who wisbhes to succeed with the culture Spinach is believed to act. as a stimul- A kind of boll worm' that stings or nI
of rather misty and shadowy proper- of Japanese truit trees plant the same lant on the kidneys. Dandeii,-,n as a pierces the tomato at Cryistal Springs is t
tions. Butew intrepid travelers had early in the season-not wait until March tonic and laxative. Asparagus a a thbe worst enemy of think crop-cracking r
reached. those-shores fewer still had or April-let the vonng tree have a blood cleaner. To tomatoes is attributed of the fruit is another .diawback. I
pernerrated bey ond the few ports open to chance to incorporate its ro-,ts into the a special action ion the liver. Beets and FE.TILIZI r..... T r....... n-- a
Foreigncommerce. But an end hascome .oil with the rain and have become some tuiuips are said to be topics. The rEd FT.N -AA [. --i .
to the mysterious seclusion, -and the what established before the heat of sum- onion is a nervineof some value in -leep- .Lately we saw field peas planted since
Mikado's empire, though mot ,by ,any mer overtakes it. lessness and neuralgia.-Southern Live the August rains at Mr. Brewer's, near
,,tda ans empireCrystal Springs, green andifourishinig as i
,efnsn .opeit-,territory, has ceased to Do not rush into the plantiih of Any Stocki Journal. .' C .... r g. ._, .
.be as impenetrable as it was half a cen- new and, as yet, untried fruit, headlong .. ,, bough they had had. weekly rains.
Sturyago. Try at first on asmall scale-and if you HINTS TO TRUCKERS. Ter, were plante erween rows ofla
It had been my dream f,.r years to' succeed you.will be encouraged to 'Plant ,J '- ,,,--,." .".w strawbri in wa -r furow la t ly iu 1,
.travel Ihrough tbe.lanl, the description more-should you fail,;try,: againuor,:if ,,e ,.ela th e om' thorughly with a Brinly bul; ',
.of whose richness 'in vegecatimn I bad o are fco ail, y .gnae, 'ome Ida,. ,as Gathered rrom, tongue asdeepas a strong n'agle could 1
.readand hard of, and at last ibisspring' east, the. consolation noe t to ilave. Jot Practical Market Gardenerp. sik it... Theplyw wasruntoo.or three'
.ibis dream, was, made a reality. For mucli t. We do not advocate the.whole' Col. Denne.'t, of, the New, Orlean. r es before the_ peas were planted. i
-several months I traverud tLhe mainlaud sale planting of any newr variety until Picayune,, havina.recently visited C(rvs- ..t o -ril-k green ad' thrifty 'in
re ', = e -. ." U r2' U iUng droughlt, ec-ause thesil l .il
of Nippon from. Yokohama to Nugate.i :meritisltablished. Somefruit-teeQr .tal '.Spring., a locality in. Louisianah tdroeught-,-_. b..,lerized an th sA
(the fathest. point west, and from Naga- plants which :fl-urish in Japan may, de- 'where there' are about 1,00Ui), acte d of'; 1,, ,- we..
4sakibuck to Yokohama., teriorate here.others-as is certainly.the market, gardens, and fruit. orchards, re-' izb f the pn ... s.
,- I i ) , r .. I.Saw ,bla -k eye ,w.ut+ .e p ', ,,he ,..ves l
Japan extends from,latitude.-4 .degrees 'case wih plums--may gainin,'sizepnd cords his observations as follows: sa. w I bak. e whitep,..h .-ae al uxrn '
to 50 degrees 40 minutes north, and fro91 flavor. Give them all a fair trial. STRAWBERRIES. dark ch gren growing luxriantly
longitu de 24 degrees to 156 degrs38 as though not at all in need of ruin. In
longitude 124 degrees to 156 degrees 83 ..
minutes east.-t..usstragglingover AOdeI .A Mr. Brewer says that if he wished to his acre of asparagus stalks, put forth
,.-ees of latitude. extending toward Ih A CALIFORNIA dDIStOVERYl. turn an old wornout corn field into a out otf season, were clothed in springlike f
South within tbirr mile of the Tropic. o -. -- strawberry patch he would first throw deep green %erdure. c
".Cancer Onecan enjoyalmrst perpetual lFlorida Not a One Crop or One it into ridges four feet apart. Then run By throwing up ridges four feet apart C
ssummer in'Yakunoshiia,'orexporienc Fruit State a Brinly bull-tongue in the water fur- and running the subsoil plow four times
'the,, eirity of' a Siberianw- Winter in Thq t. row; then drop cotton seed, 2.1 bushels in the water furrows, then reversing the r
'.northern part of'Yss ,"sn ie "i u"'" .-""': to the acre; then follow with bull rows, bedding over the part subsoidj,
'' twenty uiiles fro Jl'eata ;ika; I't I observe your extract from the Rural tongue twiee. working the cotton seed making new water furr,-ws and subsoil- a
i eat.-,n'.- asit is warned b the Kuro, Californian, '\What is the Mlatter with into the surface. Harrow the ridges.and ing as before, manuring heavily with e
Shirro, the gulf stream of thle N.rth Pa Orange Culture in Florida?" that we are then with turning plow reverse them, cotton seed and aMi-s, crops on such e
cific, wlbaWtlid'atl etert.ecoastischille paying so mur.-h attention "to the cul- that the riE-es may be over the cotton land will Lbe good in ordinary droughts
dr.ingalgrpat, patd of. theifdearbs f ture of peaches, plums., grapes and other seed Theu harrow ridges thoroughly, or in rainy seasons. The fairmner who I
oolng not'rest wpud fiom theyr deciduous fruilpl" au them litle sneer Boe meal, at the rate of re 10 or 400 has strong teams and the best imple-
.-1 nlando The s.iimat in Yesso iA- in "Did the New Orleans Exposition prove pounds to the acre, sown broadcast over ments of husbandry, who prepares his I
t.nwiely coid during winter. r too much?" I was there and saw the the ridges, will prove very beneficial ground well, fertilizes properly and cul- t
rt On the whole, thesummer throiighou big show from Califorqia, and what 1 to.-strawberries, tivates well, rarely has a failure in any I
SJapan is intensely hot'da.aandcludyv saw proved the seniority of our or- In the latitude of Crystal Springs, crop. The farmer who breaks up his t
t:he .,wintecpold,. brightly' the modths',4 anges over all others. Those people over about 31- degrees, Mr. Brewer thinks land to the depth of three or four inches
2 -May; and Junethe'r'ainy season. Inu th6 there seem very jealous of us, or they November and' February a good time to and throws all of the loose dirt into r
Mainland of Nippon otJipan proper thl would not say so many things to our in- plant strawberries. February is the best ridges in cultivating his crops.and never
thermome-ter fal is ai low as 15,de.ee jury. time. They may be planted in March or fertilizes his land, is the one who in the
1 ,alove zero. annd'the colI is yery3'pt- f the editor of the R. C. wil take the April and do very well. best of seasons -gets but half of a crop,
S treating. ILu the island of Yesao the.vrit- trouble to come over here and see, he Rake the ridges with a steel hand rake and in droughts and wet seasiins a very t
ter is extremely severe. ) .In mg ,oprioh will find there is uo letting up iun the or- before planting, stretch a garden line; small crop or nearly a failure.
the climate otf ou. A'tih'tie GOf ange industry. LaArger, A'oves than ever set the plants 15 or 18 inches apart. t
States, tGeorgia', Florida, Alabama, Loti- are beingplanted, and whetherL Califor- Hold the roots in the. left hand, the HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED c
Sisian'a etc.-, is identical' with'theolituale nia raises any oranges or not, Florida small leaves and stem even with the up-
:of Nippon whereas 'the' climate (t will raise more and more of them. As per part, of the fist. Cut bthe roots off a Eso O
Yesso is the ame as thatof the Eater our planters learn more about the cul- even with the outside of the closed little A Few of Many ExpreSsions ot
States. ''. .' ture of the orange. tbe quality of fruit is finger; this makes the roots in length Approval.
""--'^ s s ;. Approval.^-^^ -
Thevegetationof' LAn through improving and i the Calif ians were jus equal to the width of the hand, Mr. R.J. Wright, of Tangerine, writes
'is extremely rich and luxuriarit to exhibitwith u-. now, they wouldget Open a hole in the mellow ea-th witba as follows:- Your paper basm ho-e tha i
hillsides are nevefi brown an.] lar'eff worse beaten than before. While i n- little wooden paddle; spread out the isowa, au bet er ever'_ d-J
the w hle country being 'o thoroughby proving in rour knowledge of orange cul- roots Like a fan: put thenz in a hole and ed its own, and is getting bete eve .
erryttb nle est thon sad rture, we are learning alsot he wonderful press the earth firmly round them. week. There isa freshnessabout it tht
irrigatell hyeduntlde-s&little z+tieants a
.riulets, 'enas and, ditches Iheul adaptability of our climate to many Don't hurry t o.muech andto'.the work makes every, number an agreeable iutSa
i ovation of, the soil is. 'it to oorfe other fruits such as grapes, peaches., 'ell. -' prise."

'* : "-n ~ be va in l ,''" Ja 'y "^ in =uy W prdu e dor .\r w lrre'd ',t~e -a- ag "i -" ..' = .... .. .
tion Ictiula neeet. wth thewU th,,auese [e.a.,r-is and pljuw.s which t, alifo ni has b ,ttin seed, a a fer .izei' for staw- Mr. .EzraA. O(s.rne. *theowner of th.e

tn Itc frits ai weereEy withte japatiuein cv Cotto siee,.pd~ fr batn n- i e d'. Po asQ a feidfnster`fo and bu- sttoe.rPlta rts udrdt
..farmer.to.makei.he mst., 1 the'rh. c'. laimedn to beat the. world in raising,. b erries furnishes hur us ii-aerpTpri.es IImImes c'o'aUr groes on s th uIth
i~l'~eVL,~J~l~ u- LI. n, erIUaft k ,r .-o or, .- t..I+ 'e.n c t i w ishom i-Ne -I
S patch ofu lam pnnd w e generaiy'"o-. They must look around right barpuc or, is or three years in S succession. 'ot- er eadstt'.n.itle'fr-om his oine niNew
Th felds ar-c. di lo inn umera~.e, wei may get aIread tre, too, for taese ton wk inA'l "atli] "c y place O s'ot'toit idersey ; ."The,, FtaRER lrND t, FRPt- r

"v "^ I tc^ ^ n 'aLir' b -V o rnH ;.~ r f e -n M r l *.6 ned" r ..... .. ....r imy -pr N v r .i .h ri .. .. [ .
aTue,.ejraeduivbideLn v I'numd t a ieW.ssp ..r.ll ddcn, p'th .l .
,,-n.r riangles,e s extagone ett', likeij -Ifrtits all d1o wonders here. seed, at. the rate of ;30 or 4(.10 pounds to GROWER is ahead of any other paper T
..great he.. e- b- .. .a ... .- r ..y.. ft, f' ,That Ke .e im ohbl b they 'sent' to the.d ra ; b'n't ty'" lo,4kh' 'Tbferrlizin'g bav.e.seen, ins owing us Noftherners tI .
great ehecher-6o;.aroi, z4lndIeyery. tuo. .. .. .,.
'ground is utilized. us a ttee one yearo obd whun plante4' in 'ht6reri 4ddb-'sdonnr'th. n r*hpbseods great agrlculluraL. advantages of F loi1,I
I eis. singulr obsesatioen- atil ,e January, h .in JXuly, 87, prbdued, dod trablbres' d 'otdeld a' large ida. .". r' ..-'.. 'i
which r uld not fail to ma tat h thirty ruts thatawer twoto two ad quan' of 'ae nibl 'an ,ut' little ''Mr. F. C. iochrane a.-bo,.kseoller ando
balt'nhs pokapEba,
'such f ruits as w ere ripenlng ring lint.hes, r ip3a rtb eting any- lit,' Poidt', c drlveihh'e'fo s td and Bhu- stationer oi Palatka, writes-,.under date f
o .-r.in there ione attained t hehui e fnla. thing in that lie 'l w fro:m theil r .ij 'in'propelr ',4hntitiA ar',needed.' oTJn. ne 1'r :iYour'FLOaRtDA -FARE.R, AND
vr nor-size they do ib us.'- be,- p outtry"' nith-er tre',in.akercunty. Pea vines furniphb the humus. Barbyapd i FRIe T GROWER-isa' u perfet success.., It
cipal fruiLtstofJiapan 'are the' ,a-L'im'd,.we'un two years''planted..,4produced 416 ad',Utable"ra'n're'ip 'deratlion are 'is farahend;6fanvthuiug of the kind 'n' t
'chu~est k n d tcn g i ir-p -A, d'o- finer 'Keolses than any *Ieverlsaw Io fr rs.is ,' i the Sta 1te, aind every ton interested ine
ohustnutitorange, d itim.-rent 1alumws Iq-,'u t; '" good fo t' -lere ." th Sae ade e'V m "t etd "
., toieato.,,,or.f very amIpoor 0i'tS, 'rm C ual ao L eawr gl apev g No. work in straher', catches 'is -hoiti'culnt'. li o ,i'icuIuure'should not be-
oif p-.:a,-hs, apricots, a small "an,' r, "' 1 ,,-,r'Ser6 ;-Io"a 'gri ''ft se" --i'-March, "de h ,- "'Ln ,'ti 91y-fiN' t' Oa mbel.e' .witAhour it.;",r ..! ... I
aple, anda..eryad tand taste e p ..th is .'p.st.-et.oi produced. over ,200 tl awberies.-then,.nl ,run b till Cat. R. E. Rose, president ,of theSt.
hleirea r tvrait is's'ma r ,bhour. T ORun F bea rfect grap weighing ,, onhgue n e A water ts.'. -! C gti'a ,and

Thei Wrrv r amhi 'eetuin if adt Theire. Al~el w' .! .. .1,- "* i -. ib.li~i-A 'an' r ^ ^pKi.^1&S?
sm'15.. ,,,h;pu9-":)u K iy ',o ,La7to S ate"'b u' nl-al Vdd a~hes .. ...broad #q ''.
persim o is raised alliovelr th-o:unth poundaI I ink P tie 'would ..hare 1 teibenr dd bal 'broad,-' '6i a wi'lte fromr' Kiimnee under
'wh 'ev or, du triel these .at.ely-. bei. turnaround ome to h eat that. Of Bid- c'it 6winiter 'td gie plans an' early "date ...... 'de' 1"tha efol..i !'".ie' .Te
Stiful trei+; with tfieir glossy green fdl i- Wei -6 E rlyp eI'h'[ no e n efurllr an'tu, dtat Wo6d mould' and' salt-may beh' hE- 6itinne lo impr veA aud asI' -
tb.*e ye. -. '-"tem at vi e vrearSold.' o,-reoverfour bushels 'a'ddd'after' walking. 'Tbp dres-ing A pdith.'-d. is *,.om'ing 'li t_ s d g
ags-ga- alt7a l on.iner Ma.y peacesthan could hbe found' *ta.b b ed Materah' plw-ing 'an 1 do 'ricultdirlE'j6Ardeal o1 the's odth.d.r. j '
Thi u. so a.tey ai [e l~a re .ari n, larnla, t .h. e wi Ul i have to bestjr 'I-,' o In WVra ran d-b, a res .e .. ... .'' t.
Sl nt-oduce'd in tis. eourll' Lik he s 1 'en peg o-" al -drekhi '"'
n-'w ftLUlt4 it haS 'at' firstto' be kno~n) themselves 'toget aa-.1 on that score,- : turi'isg iowk, .hbvele 'half shoivel'-'' .,,M.r:'..". hetton'f;01 Mkuvikle
tun 'w -n pd .e.l e eldsiUJ p sU Iv els'.]' -duiiy tozte' -under date UII
uintil irt cn he reiabredAga "Thel.nt -L 4gan.whilie.weihavebeeinWaitinged sts ble d^*apIi toglow Plbnet'aw b prioa cti- ANg'3T:en .TeO Fning xou Fiij1-
.wa t I w asiil n' p an-uaI.ursnia't r.s.,iein. -to..dro e ,v 'i' |' .d' .' t e I I
was nt Pa verdictL, of all Eur'di an buae etfin'ad that. 'we an pluanUt o'-r TUEs. iehv-a ';-.p t'Qt. i. t'e ad ipalen. i'a kind in'
t -l u n a im.,- ua s p.. b o ne-l'. re"l a l ea inpe a nan t leabi h u r ,. i'rsth .ot u t ta e g i o I" ,on i n t r
...ii .nts''ase.'. th t't i a .paun w ar-I plum trees alternately am og .o up, c nlVtts U i Io ii S tmber'n-it e' 0" .. t.i... .i'Jo a g. "i
re d nt w .,tb t ~etr l I ~a ,s ... .a+, :,. ,:., _.a I: a t", PI to"rwardl adva'iuemu tarming, itidauotry in
simp.ly- delicious' We feastedl on pe oraugetreps. {andt.hat.,,ith little mote tol',e; i-lt yat& 6.h.h IRblot' t odfvtraw-ci..- faroi"ug ;,qd--tr,; i
veirone dri ed 's"eims. 'ahh '/ i-,e, troualedaitle *peut- wle ca.n'mraie lots lof 'B6- L r6'o-rasd'd-a'th.bl'irn, Pea rilrd a "i -.. 'i ..... .
ve.l ine ud leu, ,specimens.. ie,'Ul iLJ' tr hdie r t-3," "" o' L ,d fi ne st'- WE-' ie" A F -"".I-. "g o ol. Fe
-,quite equal. if not oupeio,',,to the drie hlTtrlnuts.old'beh wordn g a.',:d wAi vin vdes j4,w,', mn mkg' ,n strsav.i-er .e Mri ,F.- pgele.u, rof .pderallPli,

'.1Sm ~ o;a'wlitih' li~ri^'ate ri e riip a o-Usib le, Nrv Yort ucs'ih a ti wei t s, -can'ph s atl n i icbm ar notim o good rt o pin ionassen lu o ws:,gIne pt i ea -Ip
figs. 'The varid'.es most used' fodry- i-'s I'1ndt-eP' ork thatli we c 'tan Dcsnt'the str berledies deep:h 'dbrff' expresseslopit ionas foiows-,Ih be
are the T.ar.-nash i. or...ies and 1 lp.rhPm in'thherand getiali the, wa Aveorsix id'hed'fod'rt" hb-tie- -;,he taken!agricultural.,and bQr" and-horticultural -

i',.Li r' LU"A'I.I'I: c.U. I ,led; l'..b',ai t U ndl iz" .il i t sh ul eion o e, it. so le -1w u a' ii 'm c l i'e rro s f ,iasn ~ ec 1-" .il "1 ,ii ....i n,,~i.
,Haehija--T, i. Th..vaities which are .. rom fourt twt enty ollarsa'b-ushel f aetu'' ng'dt tid idv de.tWeno'hi dii-' persftor y".arsand .nuhesitatngly, pro- a
.eq ,fresharq tZ- Ma,- ,' ,igeth, tig 'ale ad,of,' iCaLforoia stoa trab: roots. ". h' I .' nourne tueFLtRam'F,,RpsePANDPRI'tT-re
Koo l''-K aiea'hi a i'. i ri hnii e ain. -eg This 'we redoing right on- our''hII' Breig'i"'. sovld fr"paea '. nthe' i OWER, tar uperionto them'all.., 'pu
.Tsuru-Ndi-koY .edo ichi.- The treo do r- pine lands without any "trrlgati on. wtr furroin'Julb d Agust. work need,not enterta. fears: ,,-or, its success.
.ishesbesrinia. .ic.,iclayy loam. Now. Mr. Rural 'aLht,:,rnian tell us ,' rgth'-h 'lbth bill'tbdpgle'ahld boe' Itsmerits'tllwn it-sway. Pleasesed'1
.. One.edli"re_s-rl rasefi-m don't kuow what we are about. )e 'ed e notli',e1 ",A"ireqnri' i.g''a 'nmean lxtra cop.'.osend.to- a friend in
O'.ur seapa l ngu'ees are all r a r en 'O 'all' I i ."s i fa s, *othe[ ha fs -o A. f -
"i a~~~~~~~z-P'-]XlLTT ~ eae "s a el, k .,1b' 'e--M,. iX clen anj %bl -o-w ill.l-,robably .w.,sh toelcs e ate ~ h t o b~ a T d 2 g n h # ., .g
,-,. .: ied'seedcrae-ithhen's' r t'dA' % Fa.ae- -1--.. kI I '', w" ) lai.-anco 'ta be ic.in ;w, il p l-wIs,
-" ts: -,Th ake in-'.o Jnee yearo a ro--h .. .. on the tth dto eeu1r'ih a bunng -u7 i. ,.. ,1, p

" .; os ...........ga"d-n......il e -'-you ,a" ,l6'm r'~h D bo 'rc 'd rotgbt' Th lrifshe uid~ beahset a u ti'ate'feetl [.ii ar.ChJl~ "e (I oi. 'there aofl Oreerig~e,
f felro 6 .th'iee tao e e tot -hetr rlf. i. t ,3 "- ', _i i -,f, ,- F drill ab'S, ,Ant". t"u-i '-, g aa c 't'e or |ing r .ebd
II forms a2de'setreeof pyramidalgro'Wvbh:.....''-. O,.rel,.1Ch,,U.'e'.. .ji were fitt d,,r ued"and' lbadtredC Ldda"d",mpbro'&nt '2dmiph.v,
An orbhard.o6iTpersimion treeslsa.beau- Edftbr Hiriaa. Tawio;r ulqg-err',,, isstrawbe-ries looked green and stood 'w'rit& '"ndeie"dafe"bf' M I v''d:2d-:- i-We1 *i
tfu nr p ighv^'l .'-- -- Cnion ea.n'be-grtewnix-ncbeustfdl.r ik the d roughtnearJyeaq. ellIqclay'-peps.fhinV ThkE'FAAiR eo 'AN D F Ur.T-GRoWiR t
Aftera-most careful, researohI'copld' "profi'tabli.rirFlbrida. -The,,soil" must-. e-.rBeew.':basslIipp?-l, rawftme i ,',, 'best t6'bq hd f ae e rs.in-'F".,-
nl find:thie following tarieljea'ofplifs suitable and- thol-oghl I t m it' as- late as,ae;tn ot.a,.andeary as ,ida. ie,'awgoas'gta 'new',ueasa, rg' ;
nil igebousa. to ,-Jdpan :.',h' IRota pn in, donltaint-agdoodtgprtionti,oo.IpotaAh.-...Old ,-the i28th, ofMarch,., _.... i ,il, "; ,' rMiE.,3.'A.'.1gden.'6f'Ornhobd6n'-th.,d-1' e
-.'K-dle%' .'plamwhich, peils, noQ,,ie rdband tdlat has,'been cultivated.foro' ,i-HorticultuPal,,lands around, iCrystal H'a'tIfak,'Witth'' fclld@di:. I .aba't-l t
S i-iptp6d. b'6ingl tdo. iW.elt ,:nowni; The some time. is most suitable...-Tbe, ldand, Springs are liipreL1.iqj "g .fvrt.'dit' iq n pers',6n'agr'ct."irs' sub..eqts,'
S- ttan'kihhehis- -reaitj only -a- sho l I be'bow-,:butw'ell drained. good corn andogood yieldssf othe tar dnd t asd,_ktlb "A detbetFi

-.' H t '" ," -arrg hfa o:'~ v tea ."t+.l A ft-a' - o d. be, o ., nb ,f e dii .' '* m 'fo r dn' th "' ." *i i*.'" "' lo g "et "in .ihs p f.,, od' .g,
"',,'sd riet~y'. oC :the 'lotanlkin. differing '.:,.Tl'helhIst tfeitiizeriiweilirdtted-st ta'ble'1cfop, follow Ai.trawb riesan., tru AN D cU.,ouli'tei'l',uth V -
",'4onewhat in coloring of,-Ifriftf hie m n'iiremisetventy-fiveadis ,toh -.: -,- ,-,i t -.,11 ,,-' i- tnde"tb' 'otner'rnihe'3.rut 'lhave"e,''
em, Tr& crops.;t tMy as ad t'1a~dv
Nagate or-Bota,,,a round, reddish bidet 'f'hard 'w-oodbmezgsandlg.roundobtuqor TuMATOE .. p.p, ,, .. tt. May pec a p a a,-
ell bafs.it N.t a lberg iata'l Beneyu ,H.o1 o'nu'-irdeast'6i be e arym 'bo ybulg-tingi tomatoes 'the1 wrdn.un U ot gMra 'heA.' Wgaden youlto continue h
I. ~e, cabl'ee i.a' 56dl~.buerl~ear.Saltimpy.-be..tow -predpar'ed-and 'imhuni-ed muc.',b -rhe sa me g.~ " -ui. ,o...".. tu,+,. its
Io,'na'cdcnnt.6f..its./P4d'le'sblj~fgbte.'agaime; 6roa~oastj 00 penii,s to~the acreL,,, ,. '- ",cai1r,'strawsberrids,- ,lThebamS'f4tPi2,i':/ m IRdv: T Wi Moore: of, M~aniopcoun~vtyla
' o' R~6ibmd."' atydl, Os-- 'um-' be' Shire )T~hqldddshonilde'be rokenfip asadrepl'lt' ~i~l, do~orinitfstruc,roups4-potash,.abid writestl "I, betiev.your.impaper wi)ll. d' .
Sinoxto.faawhli.tL~ iashkl'ar te iripcnfing, as possible, not beas.ldban', eight -or1 tab phsht n~~baabs~mo. gooe' ssork mn.dasseminatling~newv ideneipa
U' rpt"if'-=t A'ir`]Y0 b'-'U.Ld ized.'.I'thudthhh'ooei vil oldit*~l-~llmclirrcosotshonuecl'1.-.iu:far~rf'~k~ Adbtter''~Wloe ldbep, n '-begtonrouglvo'~ri 'tll soledt.IftheI-'whcl'me'fieldlrl'erorouof regardg-Ito1. .ri'rwsa,rfam, ",,dqk ,.
.yetwihhp~u,',lwYrt-'rbh bed bluk)n, 'aiheavbrolles+ T-he.bea 'plan is~tq d'- t6mat'esi",' It -,. ,., .h "' 'Ml.f'W-'C ianlieb' "'.'Ai''.'' 'Ill'.
"oqe~s,ieam~l." Ti'htnl',ues,,vid`e.'he~ilot, if ground which ha-.b~ '"omhisn : ]o db planteft'in-hot-1 ,,ig&dl~in.{o.kbh',1I ,d o,/' h
'. ',t.ti om~t6oues"um"if',Jhpad, h'~Lmall, p'ep~aned-into'bels.Lhxreklanci.h-hballfdet- bed's iU'n'.dbualry, I l preatiricl4,-.iellow F.AM+&;d,$6a l,,,,t_+,e, seer :o..,^he-
green'lsl 'fru~txt,'l-m'ety~a{'idtn'd a in]Ls- In\ t lea'in narrow walk soil;, transplant when three-'or. fo~ur bgsat'l Ai.,lltl-{,.Irli; bllsb,1-dIula-I .,r he
agr'ee-a lM "[tiisrpittkled n.rP. yth hee cWehri ewe ec ~edieesbg f'c ..r~les.~ltw oub thqldiumnrube+fr[ < e+ r ighteen ,',ht" w-d 'e syeec i .h'-t',i'm l+m',dnslwl.subtel'o r tt .'o
h atrves, and 'as sc-much relished. 'hat 'Yle'M'oinpqubrtuhity' tol cqlbn-' 9nehe.--npart?'dachbwan'',Thlesdeheuldbe ".. rot. S' I -.... W'd' .....'r. -, the .arcih
"" ".O fhe'r, Ya rletids, 'of' dld hth~ .'*h blu h h tV v'ft, h b '-4-'tH i'' ea k` b-n t' b t d :'th 'pdylt c~ ~ ton h' tnal r ,,... ....... writ g as tel1 '
"'an :" "rkdtbh.. .. h"b"r''- f'-" hn" '' iri "r ,-- f -' 'woth ,io4 ,ce .a a.-. il'nr -C-ula ~eo' 4n P rid w t sas o
.... a~hr 'Pidi, ardbhF'fr~da's~r Bi' o'"ff Yiie' fitdt !5fill-sit irfch~bk fqo' tframes, "othets hhve-oheihroad sh_dttb': A-,,P,. ,_. ) :.,-..,, j~ ,,si :il'.,i. Ia,
:,"SaA i bhYv'c~~fr6lh"'kfd bft4Ith~idl:i-tifAflhU b{ahdnd'-ld&t'e 't5ih~Thes cover, with slats laid adtos.t-bisto he-1 .p,c.s ynstparpg....ee_ ....fo. .
.-.., I a~b~~gadee~rlnrl v'b 'd~n l'd $' . tdl -'sI"'JTh1t dtl[ahlo i11-di"i tbh'o n'dffqh pleddt~w6hbr abd pine' 1Alra,,y .{ ,sp!;jt,hqut -a ,peq" i a~l. the
"t&~'gno~dntpara~es'ks'aapdfese~iarietie& r o3; -tcsb''?bd:.T'tlul$11s~shdtlfd b~'bttai':OV'feaWA-d'n eldcbth nft'0sb..-'i ,:- $..yt ,yi,: '...1 .;it" 1.. i' I.,.
:: Most .apanese.prdeners stll bhl-youg ti eli Atf'6tmdt'kban' obnidelln/dbdet[tl 1'h "b:plarrlts.'shbiiid 'bd''het'-outJ'B',febt -Mn Q'irle WI. ,. te-e.s..o. "r g ...

E 12-*,- 1887.

bar, writes: "I am delighted with. the
immend it to all on account of its com-
plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
tude ..
Mr. C. H. Goodrich, of. Orange Park,
writes: "I must say that the FaR_-tril
AND FRUIT-GROWERis decidedly thbe best
publication of the kind in tie State, I
take them all and can compare their
Prof. D, L. Phares, the eminent pro-
fessor F biology vin the Agricultural Col-
ege of Mlisici,ippi. savs in the Southern
ive t,:-,.k Jo', r,:-i : "His [the editi:r'"]
valuable paper already appearing in the
first numbers are fulfilling our expc-eta-
ion and prediction. Thie may ie tfullv
'relied upon for coc.ien'utii-us -correc-
lessii of statement and scientific accm'-
icy of detail."'
Hun, J. Wm. Ewan. iwiiting from
Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly
rou ale doing a good work in establish-
ng an enlightened and scientific system
if' agrir-ulture, which heretofore has
.een seriously neglected. Your paper is
inviting in appearance, pure in senti-
pent.'and' progtesive in' 'principle; and.
urely must"succeed." '. '' :
Mr. Thonmas' 1ebati,' the dis-ingished
,,iticulturint aud proprietor of the Ger-i
hiantowri uutseries. id a 'letter dated'
March 5th,writes: -I am very much'
pleased with the FARME.R saNr-" Fatir-
GROVER "and ,hall. read 'it' regularly,
which y'o'u know is a high complimentd
or an editorr to pay to an exchangee' I
Hen, J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as:
allows: i"I look upon your paper as;
nme of the nosto valuable additions to,
our agricultural interests. It is ablyl
edited, practical, directs attention t1o
matters of primary importance in thel
levelopmeut of our various industries.I
and carries with ita spirit of energy and
-nterprie that must address itself to ev-
-ry searcher after information." I
Mr. L. H. Armntrong, of St. Nicholas,;
Duval couLnty, writes under date ofl
FRUIT GROW--R has far surpassed expec-
ations. It sheds light on many obscure
pages in the book of Flotida's'posibili-
ieps in fruit, forage, live stock and in the
development of her vast store of hidden
'esou rces."
Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights
writes, under date of July .2: "You ran
rt imagine the solid comfort I get fronm
he sensible advice given in the FARMER
ANrt FRUIT-GROiWER in all matters per-
taining to the farm, from your able
corps of contributors and the logical
views of the editor. The paper isaGod-
-end to the granger who is threading
he labyrinthan ways of Florida farming
and fruit growing."
Mr. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, write-':
YThe new paper is just what all engaged
ntilling the soil should have. We like
-n'(style in which it is managed. Facts
&nd not boom talk is what is neededti for
he advancement of Florila." I
Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouthl,
il., writes, uuder date of April 9th: "I
thinkyour paper the best agricultural
paper published in the South."
Mr. J. V. Dansby, of- Pensacola, ex-
oresses himself as follows: -"The FAaMER
iND -FRurrI-GROrwER is the bet. thing in
ts way I bare seen.,' I't. is jist the paper
needed,-and'if you keep'it up to the'pres-
1nt standard'of excellence must become'
popular with the' people. 1I can't see
where vy6u have leftany-room 'for im-
,rovement." '. .
1Ir. J.' R. Campbell of Paisley, writes
o us a follows: "'Out' 'of five 'pape-rs'l
ake, vyour's'is the oiiby one I read every
frdr "of."' .... '
.'Mr., John A. Germoid, of Keuka,
wiwrfs, under-date of July. 5, as follows:
;Iic'Csider, the FARiELR aND. FRr.Tr-
*R>:wER i e i peer of any agiiculturhl
paper, published in the South.'"
'IMrS. A. H. Hl.,'of Winnemisset., Fla.,
iwrite.-as fol-lows': ".We are new comers'
and haveimnuch 'to learn, and:your paper
s'just vwhatiswe-'have wished eor- ever
'i.nce wte arrived- here.. -'Our Cosy Cor-
nen", contains' ju-t-what'evei-ry woman in
FIorida ought to rea'd4lw6rds of', encour-
dgumentiandl com'fout tothe-,homesick.
%eatry',l i strrgghng...- sisterhood.. God
less,'H. H?i May' .-sheiILve, to wrkte
ntanyi words -oflcheer. Hler -retipes, 'top',
ire so wellhsuited td Florida. As ohrl
eso'urces ib the country are limited.
hey fill a large want." "
i M,-' WI iWg.' Dewbhurstf of St .'A'.gu".tine,'
critesof the FaRER AND FR1V ITGROW R



-, ,~ 0^ ",-i,,i ....^ O ; '
., ., i, I-. Y t i l +
weetnj JonriaI1

;.. *. ( ir .; ,' *,, ..





Tis. liourn& wLll have for itsa ieairting:object
,tne prom,,ii.'n,: rural i nd. t rnesi W P]orida, and
wx-ili advocate.epecrially a more Wlvror:ueid and
iintDnvre',,7eCtem, o'.,a_,-rrnjcilure 'and greater
ec;onrmvy o' b'one rTua'rcejl? i I ,,,
I Aun-ng thariit.the agriulruraia naptatons ot
a large portion of Florida are as yet butr imper-
fectlv amderco.dy, s6pc.ial.arm of this ipumnal
will be to, aeecrbe the beet ree-alts.which have
Ubten acomphlhetd, 'with theesxact methods em-
ploy-d. ard aU inflnences affem-rg suceh results;
'aio tl:,6iiggdat exTeriment, describe neworijrtle
irnowmr 'cres Lruj .lie-w., andi rec.,rd the pi,)gTea
ofngriciilr.re ia n ighb).ormg S3tates .. .
Cc(.r:. imea'irg wjtbitbhe fir6t nnm bar and con-
t'nrg throngb 'thh'i easonf'or ...

Tree ..Planting,
Therxc, -lU be a ,eriee of arneies on trit--ot-.her
ibthan tibo,e 6 or .toii.icr-Us group-whuch have
proved mor succef-ajl m.th.s State. Each ra-
rJety wiLl bedcs.cribed and

Ai thre-till be. notes 'rom permons who have
'had espei-rince Ln.is.'cltivation. This. will be
followed by a nla&r series on ,
Forage Plants,
And otrier subjeceh -Udb'e -iltntrated to a limited
extent. i
Much atRent'riono will be devoted-to,
,;^. Live :t c, k,, ,

And to the' h mepr,:ducru,, f forage and fertili-
zer-, It w.'- economies whichh are essenbal to 'ac-
ce6stiul tfarming, '' .
i -iI t i' 'I ,i 'I .
i, Adue a-loinrt .o pace wml be dcToted to
hounaehold economy and to' reports of the mar-
.kert, andthe departmDta9 Qf

' F u.' lo ic u 'e, 1'':" ., '

II 'i nd.r.. '' icS t -7,C l"J"it' 'r ,, ,= r .
ii~sj '.iy Yceoiasqr.- ttdc '
teamrP ...prute''' Ln wE10ria eo c l d '' '.Pra
!_sv IIIa. uy 0i hi wW- .1 etc.
ts iAim'n iso, near, what I ,w e ba -"ll g '" '* n","
' 'dJ thatI' T e l' i( a'd't y i i id' ,becohr-ilitnd-to bnyly ionsl'Who hve'made
t, r i 1 'ik bIorftbb brancbt"- "i 'il
e6 t th6i'e'nat e'ab6ve p'ripa"et i'cl- '" l'olodA oof fh fe'tktie wllrdcelve a due
i ,t' -1 colt I ,,'d 'a14i- ii'tto .t ntidd n tmtlieiri the lls'wili be
p, t." org qp ;9 o .' a, ; e i i' .I
aure aud tge reed a ne ep ito' reit tei fFa-reld ls:
L," t itb ,eb an pi parge t oI i ,ii e"rt o f.il 'a tl' jdhsi be-
ue subjects or ei a om e ora, ranyfociaibiorioiuty.
, *f W ..r..f o '.or" d1 rM e f e'"i ij! luf anyWAci wia3 be-
.. .. ,,, -.. -. r ,, ],, m l, -I'It' i'i H \ 11 \ ln I2
-,:,, h i ,, I tI L111,l I 1 I 7 tFl. hI mI
l .EIW L., Ot 9 . E >,,,,,, ... , ,%, ..i. ,,.. ,., ,,, ) t,, .,|1|,,,,,....;,, .
,,T6,AQWII. e ,re,,I.r', ) ", % I"; ,[ I '- I I [ ',,I I' I '' !" I 'I l
nerenowdmhAew ,' orNd -a---i- ---[ receiveln ,tI i ,n" ...
/~d.? ii e': l J['S)~l( f Bterti6ida olaloo'Sid.d6f ',,n.., ,I '", il l',, f. >fr:,] '/.1"- .,,t / ,'1n .i
tsi ,u ,npMorthnon.' ITLisvarelj'iof Onio n .i a :111 uI'e[l d- aH]a nllshiiviJV inn'Wjdhqsday
,u kt.q 1o3o-V ru In I _10 iArl"i ,it "'rI,,.I
been, q su f e- 'o l o ct rL
mh.,il P~sq k n l t ,,,>j ... [,--~ pO ,r] ....a ^ fg,i ,"': _,,1 0^^ L eacW P,)w f ,, ,T1 ,,,.
'nen ".** .'f a n eeDlsC 'R, ;* 1 r"l -' -0m in* n k'" .1 Olot- ;/ .
," .% l- o i ea-,, "I,,,"'eV'dh'i I .,..
t l' I ; ,@.-I R d8'Jtdk o i RONt' .'
1' 0'liii-sl .tli ari ol i-u:
III V.1.ii-1"I'.
.llJ llo U.iJ- L ,lei'.,. JfllhlT'Jr, E.t'bl ,! .COieilar.i.,i,-.,..,.v'., '.w,^ ...h.T h,...m..0..^
Ouf ,i1u, ', I .,'.' ,.,,t-'. i ,i n, i- i ,, i -m | [ono. -.,,., ,......~iK:,. .t .-,m-i' /1 M
Fuixjiphed Atj~l Ii~q 1 dred4 $,8,)F tOWOLad Tri"rQ,-Mop~to.^l.,Oj-.,.,/..,;, 60
vet!Hn0dw ef ,t ,r pq,lihfpPl t6ap i.iaep ,-, l h1l r.- ti "i -'iriji.Jsla'ni p ereiot.'oi t PBhBB; '.',,I"
I 1^ddiresa,'.. jr i ii -l ili li-~lu.,- | 1i liii ti[Iiiiriu yl'ntiri''l I lIii; l i. i, ii|
- ,, ) m i I .N-, ,, I .c -I i A);A'- 'q'-f -I r, : p' jym

iI i I ,'I I ntr s. .l {i -- i/ ct+I i ri ui i
;': .. .. { ,,; ..... .i,;,.'; ,'.'i...;- '.... w m l~lca |q.pfi 3 y jio,'ll[D rY+ ,ii9"t l(l | .,|,,tl

a ow t~l~ruzplI'cen
.A.N.E TREES. hel0o d fcJ,. IyeI
Inl 1 .,I .-, l il -l, tr i -.0 ,T't- i .' -i ratl v"ff I t t -
A. vrifry.j.I~u h rpef~lPo inaf t koairfj lly .-he1udaid rteef tjt 'It, ". tgI k'IJ% Sad I.ifr
eveniLupoi- u c ta~~i~fu'pl'tBstpbwfl3Ws ta nu ir, waa' ipi lahd ibia4tc
I.I, i ,dt1nxs j '. ,,

ra#. .ao~rr n-iS cn-m~m nr..fi~i*a1LatqT:[I''oa i..~ma:iurtio.
,.tmiTf':WJeloaOB vdr { FFfkiij ,f,,ltit .lt60lt1ivjI-i I'i9rW1 ,r.'.

.. _* r '* .

-' r r, T -r-w-T i fl A "l -- -- t t '-r' -ri Trr rrm C" Tr r- u- u -rr, /v /nm "'l -I v -r i ... -- -


. 4. % ,L .


H~k arm.


SI.-The Vuelta Abajo-Seed-
Before entering on our subject, it will
be well for our readers to know where
the Vuelta Abajo, the region where the
best tobacco of the world is cultivated,
lies. It-is situated to the west of Ha-
vana, and is bounded on the east by the
Rio Hondo or Consolacion del Sud; on
the west by the River Cuyaquabeje; on
the north by the Sierra Madre Moun-
tains, and on the south by the hills of
Palmas Barrigonas. which extend in a
line parallel with the coast. The anal-
ysis of these lands by the naturalist,
Don Ramon de la Sagra, gave the fol-
lowing result:
Organic matter 4.60
Silex -90.80
Aluminum (clay metal) 8.40
Oxide of iron l.20
Total ...................100.00
Others have given the results men-
tioned, asafollows:
Organic m atter ..... ............... ........ ...... 6.00
Slix .f I" J')
C'arbonateof lire ............. .. ............ ... 0
A l mii um ........ ........ I1 I'
Oxide of iron- 10.00
Losses .40
Total 100.00
These last have produced a thin, elas-
tic, good tasted tobacco, and of excellent
aroma. The people of the United States
"refer the yellow leaf or amarillo, which
as cultivated at San Diego, Rio Hondo de
Consolacion and Rio Sequito. To obtain
this yellow color where it does not grow
spontaneously, each hole where the plant
is sown is filled with pure horse manure
-well rotted, and also the land is allowed
to grow up in grass a little before the
maturity of. the leaf. The points the
Vuelta Bajeros claim for their tobacco
are that it is elastic, of good taste, fine
aroma, color, granulous, burns well, etc.
The best lands for sowing tobacco are
those of a grayish mulatto color, sandy
and loose, found near streams.
Where the base of the soil is found to-
be humus with a mixture of fine sand,
good results have been obtained. To-
bacco, with its numerous thin roots, re-
quires a soil easy for the latter to pene-
trate. It should be nursed with the
greatest care, and quantity should be
sacrificed to quality. Black lands, flat
and subject to overflow, are not good for
tobacco, for they produce a large leaf,
but filled withveins, brittle, and of a bad
taste, and, the plant is apt to rot in the
rainy season. Mix this quality, of soil
with sand from the bottom of rivers and
they will give good tobacco.
High hammock wooded lands, not sub-
ject to overflow, should be cleared in
oblong squares, from north to south, so
that the ardent rays of the sun shall not
be prejudicial, that is, where it can be
done. Furrows should be plowed, and
well fertilized with manure. The seed,
which should be or the best, should be
mixed with a little fine sand on sowing.
In this way it will spread better and
allow of germinating at proper distances,
instead of being brought together in a
lump, which tends to 'degenerate the
seed, and often to lose the plant. Nur-.
series planted in this way are less subject
to worms.
The months of August, September and
October are the best for sowing. and it
would be well to do so at different >peri-
ods during these months, not all at.
once, so as to have shoots of different
growth Before sowing, cover the fur-
rowson top with dried leaves or branches.,
to protect them from light, air, etc..
until ready to sow. The transplanting
or transferring of the plant should be in
October and finish in December. This
in the Vuelta Abajo is called the simbira
lempr.tiom, or early sowing. If the
weather, etc., should be adverse a seec-
ond transplanting can be done until
Aprit.and this is termed s'c'iibra lardi, ,
or late sowing. The first generally gives
the best results.
Cloudy. humid, cool weather favors
the nurseries, and it has been observed
that tine later sowings grow quicker and
develop more. It appears that the long

nights and lower temperature augment
the vegetating powers of the plant.
Care should be taken that the soil to
which the plants are taken should be as
much as possible of the same quality
as thit of the nursery. Tobacco seed
in well fertilized soil will germinate
in seven or eight days. After sow-
ing the seed it would be well to
pass a dry palmetto over it so that it
may be coveted by the soil. If suffering
from drought, water slightly with a
watering-pot the holes of which are ex-
tremelysmall. I would recommend our
farmers to apply for seed to my friends,
Messrs. Lawton Brothers, No. 35 Obispo
street, Havana, who are reliable.
The soil is plowed in the month of
September; twenty days later it is
plowed again and then plowed cross-
ways. All rubbish should be taken away,
and the harrow passed over. Avoid
plowing deep, as by so doing you impov-
erish your land, and tobacco roots do not
penetrate beyond five inches. Let the
ground be well broken.
Choose days when there is not much
sun and the soil is humid, loose and
cool. Avoid wet and hot- days, and in
taking up the'plants do so with care,
and use a mason's trowel for the pur-
pose, so as to avoid injuring the roots
and having to re-plant. By pulling
tem up, observation has demonstrated
tl-iat one-third are lost. The nurslings
should be removed when they. have' ac-
quired four leaves, and in the morning
on the rising of the sun. for that is the
hour when they are most luxuriant and
the grournd'moistJwith dew. They will
keep-.until the evening .without fading:
Bhould- the soil of the nursery .be dry,.
water it before taking.up theplants.

By 4 p.'m. the setting of the plants
should begin, but should the day be
cloudy without rain it can be done all
day. While transplanting, keep the
plants in baskets and in the shade. Plant
two feet to two feet two inches apart,
and be careful to avoid breaking leaves
or stems, covering the roots with soft,
loose soil, and pressing it gently. The
roots require most gentle handling, and
the greatest care is necessary to avoid
burying any part of leaves or top. A
good hand can plant 1,500 plants from 2
p. m. to dark; generally 1,000 are.
planted. J.
Eight days after planting the dead
plants are replaced by fresh ones from
the nursery. The planter will take the
plants by the leaves with his left hand,
while he opens the ground with his
right; place the plant in the hole 'and
cover with both hands carefully. After
re-planting and the plants have grown
to the height of the hills forming the
furrows, hoe carefully toward the plant,
which must be kept clear of grass, and
then inspect daily to avoid worms. Eight
acres well taken care of will produce
better than sixty acres without. An in-
dustrious man can attend to 1,000
(To be Continued.)

Important Facts and Figures
for Southern Farmers.
The Commissioner of Agriculture of
Georgia has recently issued a circular on
the subject of fertilization which we
think well worthy of being reproduced
entire for the, benefit of our Florida
Ever since the Department of Agri-_
culture of Georgia was organized, an ef-
fort has been made through its published
reports, to impress upon the farmers of
the State the importance of adopting
some cheap means of increasing the yield
of their, crops and at the same time in-
crease the. fertility -of the soil. The
value of pea vines as an improver of the
soil has been repeatedly urged upon the
attention of the farmers, while the su-
periority of composts over high priced
commercial manure has been shown by
repeated experiments conducted under
the auspices of the Department since its
organization. Formulas and directions
for.composting home manures without
superphosphates and kainit have been
published in the reports of the Depart-
ment from time to time, and results of
experiments with the composts made ac-
cording to these formulas published in
Soil Test Rep'rtS since 1875. These re-
cults show very conclusively the great
economy in the use of the compost, since
at much less than the cost per acre of
the commercial fertilizers, as good yields
have been uniformly obtained.
In the experiments conducted under
the auspices of this Department in every
part of the State, the compostrof ^super-
phosphates and kainit with cotton seed
and stable manure has been compared
with the best glades of commercial fer-
tilizers, with results most favorable to the
W while pea vines and lime furnish the,
cheapest and most effective meansof im-
proving and maintaining the productive-
nessof soils in which acid and potash is
not too nearly exhausted. For exhausted
soils a compost of superphosphate and
.kainit with stable manure and cotton
seed furnishes, beyoud question, .the
most economical manure the Southern
farmer can apply to his crop from year
to year.
Besides applying plant food in the best
and most available forms, the compost
ex-erts a mechauical influence upon the
soil not produced by the plain commer-
cial fertilizers. Either the compost or
the pea vines will supply all the ammo
nia needed in our soils. the compost for
special manurmuig of crops, and the pea
vines will furnish amrmnnia and humus
to-the whole soil. It must not. however.
be und-rstood that ammonia is the ouly
important element of plknt food sup-
plied by these cheap sources of fertility.
On the contrary, they supply all the ele-
ments of plant food. Some of these.
however. exist in such small percentages
that very large quantities of theeulsiance
must be applied to supply these elements
in sufficient quantities for the proJuec-
tion of maximum crops The principal
dsifciency is in the percentage of phos-
phoric acidly contained in pea vines and
stable manure. This is supplied by the
addition of superphosphate in -the com-
post at the time of putting it up. The
pea vines may be manured with super-
phosphates, and thus at the same time
supply this essential element of fertility
to the soil, and increase the growth of
vines to be returned to the soil.
A comparison of the analyses of the
field pea with that of clover, which has
been used as a soil improver so long,
shows very slight difference so far as
either their feeding or manurial value is
If the stable manure and cotton seed
have been protected from waste by ex-
posure to rain and sun, the following
formula is recommended:
Stable Manure...... ............. .. r,0 .ounisd
Green Cotton Seed ......................... -;C pounds
Superphosphate..................... ....... 0ii pounds
Making a ton of ..................... ..,',00 pounds
If the compost is intended for use on
soils particularly deficient in potash, the
proportion of cottonseed and stable ma-
nure may be reduced 50 pounds each,
and-100 pounds of kainit used instead.
The formula would then be:
Stable Manure.......... .... ................... 6'0 pounds
Cotton Seed. green............ .... 6i0 pounds
Superphosphate.............................. 7,0 pounds
E imt ...... 100 pounds
Making a ton of.......... ............. 2,nu0 pounds
These ingredients may be varied in
proportions to adapt the resulting com-
posts to different soilsor crop, but either
of the above will be found to give satis-
factory results on every class of soils
and on iof our cultivated crops.
Directiona for Composting.-The in-
gredients may be mixed either by build-
ing up the heap by alternate layers of

the ingredients, or they may be thor-
oughly mixed and thrown into a heap.
In either case water should be freely used
on the coarse materials while compost-
The following directions, which have
been given in formerpublications of this
Department, have been generally fol-
lowed by those who have used the com-
post with most satisfactory results.
Most farmers prefer the plan of mixing
the ingredients well before placing them
in the heap for fermentation. Under
this plan the mingling of the ingredients
is more thorough during the process of
fermentation, and hence its effects are
probably more thorough, though both
plans have given good results.
Directions for Composting.-Spread
under shelter a layer of stable manure
four inches thick; on this sprinkle a por-
tion of the phosphate; next spread a
layer of cotton seed three inches thick;
wet these thoroughly with water, and
then apply more of the phosphate; next
spread another layer of stable manure
three inches thick, and continue to re-
peat these layers in the above order, and
in proportion to the quality of each used
to the ton, until the material is con-
sumed. Cover the whole mass with
stable manure, or scrapings from the
lot, one or two inches thick. Allow the
heap to stand in this condition until a
thorough fermentation takes place,
which will require from three to-six
weeks, according to circumstances; de-
pendent upon proper degree of moisture
and the strength of the materials used.
When the cotton seed are thoroughly
killed, with a sharp hoe, or mattock, cut
down vertically through the layers; pul-
verize and shovel into a heap, where
the fermentation will be renewed, and
the compost be still further improved.
Let it lie two weeks after cutting down;
it will then be ready for use.
The following plan of mixture gives
equally satisfactory results: Mix the cot-
ton seed and the stable manure in proper
proportion, moisten- them with water,
apply the proportion of phosphate and
mix thoroughly, shoveling into a mass
as prepared.
There is some advantage in this plan,
from the fact that the ingredients are
thoroughly commingled during fermen-
tat ion.
FOR CoTTON.--Applyinthe opening fur-
row 200 pounds, and with the planting
seed 75 or 100 pounds, making in all 275 or
800 pounds per acre. If it is desired, to
apply a larger quantity, open furrows
the desired distance, and over them sow
broadcast -400 pounds per acre; bed the
land and then apply .10 pounds per acre
with the seed. .
FOR ConN-Apply in'the hill; by -the
side of the seed, one gill to the hill. An
additional application around the stalk.
before the first plowing, will largely in-
crease the yield of grain.. .
True prosperity can never crown the
efforts of the farmers of the State so
long as home production is neglected and
its place supplied :by purchase from
abroad at a rate of interest ranging
from 4(0 per cent. to 52 per cent. on cash
The Commissioner has frequent in-
quiries from farmers for information,
concerning the relative fertilizing value
of cotton seed and cotton sead 'meal.
The following tables, reprinted from
Circular 51, published in 1884, presents
the analysis of the seed, and that of its
component parts, in a way that will be
readily ,understood:
1. 100 pounds of green cotton seed will
A irm i, ... ... .............. .. 5 pounds
Pa,..-pt :r, e Aeil- ......... 1 t.' poun.i
Pot. ih- .. .. ..... ...... .*2- pound;
2. 100 pounds of geeen cotton seed will
Lint "lijut r' ...... .. .. ..........2 pound
O it I>, allont ......... ............ ..... 1i p:,iiads
HR ilt ... ... .. ....... ... ..'.. I .-u.'.i.
C lt,, l g l all .... .. ... ... ....I p.un
3. 100 pounds of cotton seed hulls will
A nt a a .. ........... .. ... ........ : pound
Polt ta ............... ...... p UI ,
4. li)10 pounds of cotton seed meal will
A m oaC .. .. .... .,, I'.. n.ii
Ph... l_:, rl- ..:r l ...- ..-. 2 7r. 2 .:i.ur s
Pc.ii n ... ........ ........ .. p'.) uids
5. l,) pounds of the ashes of hulls.
such as are usually obtained from oil
mill furnaces, will yield:
Pe :,.,,_pborr,: _.\ .l ........ .... .. l.li polnds
Pa:ra .h ....... ....... .....r.I p.:.uri .i-
i. It0 pounds of cotton seed meal is
equal in value to about 250 pounds 't1
bushels) of cotton seed.
Assuming thecommerciral value of am-
monia to be 15 cents, phosphoric acid 7i
cents, and potash 5 cents per pound,
the value of cotton seed and its compo-
.nent parts are as follows;
li0 poundss creen ce,tton s-eedr.. ..................... & 0.1
I busbel greea co0t.:..n seed iaboutr........... ..-..1
I ton green cotton seed .aibou' ............... 10.24
10) p un s of b ull .............. .... .... .- ............ 0.10
I ton of n lls...... ........... ... ...... ......... 1.9U '
IC ', pounds cotton seed meal ............... ... .
I LiOn ttton sed meal-.......... ................ 2.-
10i pounds of kernels-.......... .. .................... 1.18
1 ton of kernels .. ..... .. 1.62
100 poundeashes oi. ulls 1.15
Ston asnes of uhalls ........ 20.00
The above is based solely on the as-
sumed values of the valuable fertilizing
ingredients, whichli approximates the
Present cost of these materials in other
A fertilizer well suited for most crops
may be made with acid phosphate, kainit
and cotton seed meal in the following
Acid Phosphate .. ........... ... 00 pounds.
Cotton Seed Meal ..... .................. d00 "
Kainit ..... .. 20 "
I T total .................. ... ................. 2,.00) "
A mixture of these materials in this
proportion would contain about 8 per
cent. phosphoric acid, 2 per cent. of am-
monia and l of potash.

Feeding Bagasse.
The following inquiry, with an answer
by Dr. Phares, we take from the Southern
Live Stock Journal:
Will you be so kind as to inform me
whether"or not there would be any sub-
stance in the bagasse,' or our common
sorghum cane, after it has been crushed.
I brought a small quantity home, in pass-
ing the mill a few days since, and threw
it in a gully to stop a wash. The cattle in
the pasture, having access to it, soon de-
voured every particle of it; this led me
to think that probably if the crushed
cane was taken and placed under sheletr
in some way that would prevent its heat-
ing, it might make good winter feed for
cattle. Have you any experience with
it ? If so, what is the best manner of stor-
ing it? Would it be fit for anything
after having lain and dried a week after
being'crushed? L. HALL.
ANSWER.-Thirty years ago we com-
menced feeding cattle, mules and swine
on sorghum, with great benefit. Later,
we permitted cattle to eat the bagasse
freely about the mill. It contains much
glucose, gum, starch, etc. We never had
any accident from either the whole or
crushed sorghum. But hogs chew the
cane and extract the juice mote com-
pletely than the best mills do, and then
spit out the pulp. Cows sometimes swal-
low this hog-rejected pulp when dry and
are killed by it. The bagasse dried might
be liable to the same objection; It also
ferments rapidly and in damp weather
moulds, and in either case might dam-
age cattle; for they eat it even when the
juice is transformed into vinegar. P

Home-Made Forge and Bellows.
My blacksmith a(utf1t is all home-made
excepting the anvil, and all my tools, in-
cludirg fan, forgeand self-feed drill press
with vise, cost me but about .52.75. Mly
forge is made out of a barrel or c.aiL
filled with stone and gravel to within a
foot and a half of the top, the top layer
being sand aud roun.led out like a large
turkey's nest. Within this hollow is
placed the coal, and here the fire burns.
Next to this cask is the fan. It consists
of a cheese-box with four tin wings in it,
and a small belt wheel on ;he side. One
revolution of the drive wheel gives 40_
revolutions to the fan, and the air is
forced in a continuous stream through
the tube into the forge, which is under
the bed of coals. The wings of the fan
are four inches by 10, and the pulley,
which is hung on a half-inch shaft, is
driven by a piece of an old harness rein.
The drive wheel at the left, to-whic is
attached a .crank or treadle, is two feet
and four inches in diameter. Frames for
these wheels can be made like the frames
to a grindstone. Of course the cheese
box must be closed reasonably tight, and
a good connection made for the tube
which conveys from this fan to the forge.
My gearing is from an old feed cutter,
and is a very successful affair.-Farm
and Home.


Improved Peaches.

and No. 7. are round peacthes, average ize,
ripenian from Ma I,',th toJiidy 1stL. Then Bid-
weL'lb IMPR-VED PEEN-TO., No. 4, i flat, but
larger and thicker from atem, to Ilessonm than itS
In Quality Not Excelled by Any
; :.-. Peach'Out.
with not.:. a parties, ait any stage of ripening,
of taLt bitter ,so cbjc':riri'n'bl La theh PecE -t,0.
Ri' -as wirat Biiwell's Early.
Tbese are all se.ding3sor [te Pen-to:., a de-
een-iant n .od.)ubt of t t ifruit,f.-:oun.- by Athtu-
sa.-n ;n thei Hazrdaraknt Ranie,.n Ai 'baJiisirin;
a form with dtffurent shape from riat of tne
aim-.nd, being I 'rc-r and fl tter." "'Tr,- whole
ri" ub rt e r--'mi CTu bal one. ilgri t o,Dsder a wid,
irm of the p -a-.n, ,f ntarl. ,,.-rgi-ve-n tol-ae."
As I am aware there are. many .ppV rious tree,.
re tn- o LT.red. I woul- n aid ig vw rdo a crieauti..n t.:.
tha- painter. Mr. BIdvell tiaas originated riaee
lrv _< ; '.-ur trees be inas gr.:7n iromn l ,ds cut
from a bhearitg tr.es., m.,:t of them by hie
owIn h 1it1.
A-idrees all letters, .or ;nfo-rmation or tree, to
ae. as O ac":.not of il h asitu e- brs gir.:n me
u uiae-6 c-:nne-teiew n-in toe sal 01 to irwstres.
CIE iC.ce and P.i]tlr '-g ,r,'unis6, lansr iute
P. 0. Box 121, Orlando, Fla.
September 6,1887.

Il .6i L inatE I 10 t 363 chess in height, ost.cky.
three vear. from seed, once tia&Ep'anted, well
r.-',tea. See. scell-ered from choice fruit Trown
i-y E. H. Hart, of Federal Point. Also, lot of
S'cuppeicongandi Thomas Grape Vines, two and
three years ,ow layers, strong and well rooted.
Address, 0. R. THACHER,
Fairview Nurseries,San Mateo, Fla




Buds not placed on small took, but on extra
large. and line ones.

We make aspecialty of the


(the earliest variety known),
and can show trees or the latter that stood the
cold Inat winter as well as the Orange, and


-One thing noticeable about our city
is the remarkable scarcity of, busihese
houses bearing the sign'."For Rent," Send for Catalogue.
while a number of new ones are being _
built and others contracted for.-Pensa- KED=NEY& CAREY.
cola Advance-Gazette. k g,- P. 0. -. ,. -..Winter Park Flu

Tells how to grow and prepare the Fig, and describes our new fig-
Only genuine "Fig of Commerce," and the finest dg in the world, Also, Tr.:...:! i .ri NewF .
and the finest stock of NUTS in the country. Addr .- Sunw *'a'mPp.
Cutler, D',..k ,;.,:.only.' Fla.'

Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
We make a specialty of the distinctive varieties of Oitrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
Imperial, Riverside (buds personally selected by a member of our Company in Californial, and
Washinglton avels, alt se Bloc Hart's Tardiff, Du Roi, Jaffa, Stark's Seedless, Tangerine,
etc. In-Lemons we have Villa Franca, Belair Premium Sicily Genoa and Eureka. Also, Tahiti
Limes Peaches (Bidwell's Early, etc.), Plums, White Adriatic Figs, etc., etc. -
Our Stock is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Cataloen free on ap ieation.
: Address, A. L. DUrCAIN, Manager, unedin, Fla. -


J"A.O SOZ TVIj I E_ F ,'I..A

AND-- :.'

We are now prepared to furnish
In any quantity lesired, anrd as the sea,aon advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.

Catalogue sent free on application.


S KelseyJan Plu, S Olive Tres,) .Oraufes, Pigs, Lmons, Pecans, ,
By itb dozen, hundr- ,d.:r ith.ou'and, also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Fi:.rida and thb- 'ul[st.'t. Am now booking orders for Fall delivery season
of 1i,7-T Write for Prices. Catalogue free on application.
...-. GLEN ST. MARY 11RERiES,, G., L, Talor, ProD;, ,1n ISi. Mdry, Fla

Are in readiness to Mail. FREE, c.u appicai. on,

StO any address. C..mn tu;ate watr E. 1. TTSON, Maniag.r,Lakrelatirl, P61k Co.. Fla

bL t size 40xoo100 on Lake KIiugsley. Clay Co.. only 10. A
USt, feel in _A,.... V YTi choice 5-acre tract for an ORANGE
GROVE costs bat 100.
nie t. U.I 2,; at tan, ir MlB -,E.t....,:r r nt P. 0. O. Ir .r |r ||. |||
Bar; Patt Pae in., Sa alrr D FLe t
Bank rDrart t.:..j)EN T. TAJLBOTiF, ani get Warrant-. Def, Trlc i il lU l
l.,i'T:t, tr,:L .ltDA.

P.O 0. Box 1.5S.Jacksonville, Florida, 39 W. Bay St.

New York, :Charleston and Florida


The elegant steamers of theve liers. ar aapp.mte. m o aad
S.teamer- are appointeoi t., ail from Pier "9 E. R., New York,everv TUESD Y and FRIDAY
at 3 I,. m. 'ue-s.laay E-,l.,s for Fernanddna an-l Frida7's ships for Jacksonville.
The Freight an1 Paeiseger a.:eommodations by this Line are ansurpiesed. Erery attention
wlil be -ven bui-ne ,entrustE-,d to the Line. Dirrct all! shipnmnt-s from New York vni CLYDE'S
FLORIDA LLNE, Per 2, East River. For further informanton apply to
J. A. STEAD, Ag't, F. M. IRONMONGER, JR., G. F. & P. A, J. A. LESLIE. Ag't,
Feruan-Uia, Fia. Jacksonvrle, Fla. S8 W. Bay St., Jackzewrine,'Fla.
THEO. G EER, Trai.: Mainiger. WNI. P. CLYDET CO. Gen. Agtsa,
3E. Broadway, N. Y. 12 So. Wuarre-, Phail., Pa., .35 Broadway, New York

- --- ~c55-'s;? 9~.~c-~-~' -; -



The Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower

A. if. CURTISS, Editor.

Office Cop. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial interests of Florida. Itis published
every Wednesday.
Terms of Subscription.
For one year... .........................$......... ... 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs of five to one address..................... 7.50
With dally TIMES-UNION one year ..... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year........ 2.75
W-Subscrlptions In all cases cash in' ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed is the. date to which the subscrip-
tion is paid and is equivalent to-a receipt for
payment to that date; if the date is not
changed immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
this paper. Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, butmust
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as a guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejectedcommunications can-
not be returned.
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of
Jacksonville Fla

FIRST PAie.-The Immigi action Question; Cal-
ifornia Enterprise; Florida's Sub-Tropical
illustratedd); Exposition Circular; Southern
Planters' True Policy; Redued Raitroad
Fares, etc.;
SECOND PAGE-Horticulture in Japan; A Cali-
fornian Discovery; Onion Culture; Hiats to
TarID PFEs-Tobacco in Cuba; Economy in Fer-
tilization; Feeding Bagasse; Home made Forge
and Bellows.
FocrTH PAes-Neglected Sources of Wealth;
A Florida Seed Catalogue; Thi Sub-Tropical
Exposition; Co-operation and Reform; A
Question of Policy.
FIFTH PAGE-Our Home Circle; Our Cosy Corner;
Answers to Correspondents; The Family Ex-
change; The Family Friend; Our Young
Folks' Corner.
SIXTEr PAic-Tachyhippodamia; Scrub Stock;
Horse with Lame Shoulder; Hog Cholera;
Milch and Butter from Sheep; The Poultry
Yard; Honey as Food. '
SEVENTH PAiE-Farm Miscellany illustratedd);
Serial it,5ry. Three Eton Boys, by W. E.
Norris; Etc. : ,
EIGHTH PAGE-State News in Brief; South Flor-
ida Sugar Lands; Florida at Atlanta; Florida's
STobacco Boom; October Weather Record;
Latest Market Reports
When the income of an individual- or
State exceeds the outgo, it is'an indica-
tion of prosperity. When the outgo ex-
ceeds the income, there is danger ahead.
An inspection of the warehouses of Flor.
ida railroads shows that the value of
freights received largely exceeds that
of shipments, indicating that more
money is sent out of the State than is
brought into it in the way of trade. The
physician "prescribes accorJ ing to the
indications," and it is manifest that the
above-mentioned indications indicate the
need of retrenchment. This excess of
importation has about reached its cul-
mmation.. Unless checked in the proper
way, it will be checked by the simple
inability to buy.
The proper check is increased home-
consumption and greater economy. But
you may say such generalizations are
becoming trite: -give us something mote
specific and to the point; the physician
should not stop with a diagnosis of the
case; what the patient needs is a pre-
scription. That is very true, and for
our part we much prefer to deal with
tangible facts. Let us consider some of
the necessary articles of consumption,
meat for example. Of beef there are
produced annually in Florida tens of
millions of pounds in excess of the local
demand. But a small portion of this
.beef can be sold on the ho6f, and so, as
it costs the owners but .littleit does not
add greatly to the available wealth of the
State. -
Why not market this meat in tin cans?
Florida beef, prepared after the manner
of canned meats and properly put up,
would be'as good, to say the least, as
much of the canned meat that is brought
to the ,State. And how much more
cheaply'a factory could be supplied and
operated than at Chicago or St. LouisI
There is large demand for chipped beef,
and we could supply the world with that.
The industry once established, more at-
tention would be given to the feeding
and breeding of cattle, and our stock
could readily be improved in quality.
Another benefit to the State arising
from the slaughtering of large numbers
of cattle within the State,say 100.000 head
a year. would be that it would afford a
great amount of the most 'valuable ol
fertilizers derived from the bones and
offal. There is not an ounce of an ani-
- mal but can be turned to profit.
Then the hides of. the animals could
be converted into leather on the spot
On the southern coast, from Mosquite
(- Inlet and Tampa Bay southward, there
- are probably a thousand square miles
S- densely covered with red mangrove, the

bark of which contains twice as much
tannin as the best oak bark. We have
frequently urged the importance of
utilizing this natural source of wealth,
and are gratified to learn that a man-
grove tannery has been established at
Fort Myers. We read that 'the excel-
lence of the work turned out at this tan-
nery is attracting great attention, and
is becoming famous." Such is the
strength of mangrove juice that a sail
wet with it becomes indelibly dyed and
of increased durability. Florida ought
to become famous for leather, for cow-
hide, kipskin, calfskin, sheepskin and
goatskin, not to mention alligator
skin, and what go by the names of kid
and chamois. With her unlitAited
ranges and mangrove thickets, Florida
ought to supply the Southern States with
leather, and have tannin and dye-stuff to
Besides, these slaughtered beeves
would supply all the plasterer's hair
needed in the Southern States, all the
glue and all the articles that are manu-
factured from horn. Thus Florida would
be changed from an importer to an ex-
porter of all these articles, canned beef,
leather, hair, glue, horn buttons, and
other articles too numerous to mention.
Manufactories for each of these articles
would be established, capital attracted,
cattle owners enriched, the value of
grazing lands enhanced, the population
increased, the reputation of the State
improved, and the State rendered more
wealthy and in a larger degree self-sus-
While treating of the meat supply we
shouMd allude to the sheep, goat and
hog. Of the first two we have said much
recently. We need all three in abun-
dance for their flesh, the first named also
for wool, the second for milk, and all
three furnish valuable leather. The
quantity of bacon, Ham, lard and other
products of the hog which are imported,
is simply astonishing when we reflect
that the State is so natural to swine that
they run wild and thrive the year round
without any care. The poor success
that many have with swine is due, we
believe, to the erroneous belief that the
hog is a naturally filthy animal and
needs to be raised in filth. The reverse
being the fact, it is not surprising that
the popular mode of keeping hogs re-
sults in much disease. Another error
leading to the same 'result is the belief
that because, everything is eaten by hogs,.
everything may be fed to them with im-
punity. By a system of penning on
fields, planted with chufas, pinders,
Johnson grass and the like, both hogs
and the land will receive benefit, and the
owner be doubly profited.
To sum up, we believe that from ani-
mal production alone Florida can supply
all the meats needed for home consump-
tion, not only fresh, but smoked, pickled,
dried and canned; all the fertilizers she.
needs and of the best quality, refuse ani-
mal matter and cotton .seed being rich
in the most costly and essential element,
ammonia; leather of all kinds, which
can be manufactured at home into
shoes, harness, etc ; wool and 'mohair
for wearing apparel; and the minor
products derived from hair, hoofs and
horns. Besides affording a full home
supply of these important articles, there
should be a large surplus of most of
them for export, to be exchanged for
flour, tea' and other articles which we
may better afford to buy than to pro-
duce. .
If these capabilities of Florida can be
properly presented, to the attention of
capitalist, and stockmen. we believe her
industrial status will undergo a radical
'change. The railroads will find their
best revenue in outward, freights, and
the balance of trade willbe in the State's
favor. To bring about such a change is
clearly to the interest of the railroads,
because of the increase of the population
it will involve. Their mauagersand the
large cattle owners ought to take meas-
ures to present these resources of the
State at the Sub-Tropical Exposition 'in
a manner that will not only attract the
attention of capitalists, but dispel in'the
minds of all the too prevalent idea that
Florida's productive capacity is limited
to a single article, and that a minor


We have before us an extremely neat
catalogue of field and garden seeds, which
has just been printed in the Times Union
* job office for Mr. P. F. Wilson, of Gaines
ville, Fla. It contains illustrations of
all the. leading vegetables, with direc-
t ilons for planting them, and a chapter
on forage crpps. There is also a useful
* table of "estimates of the quantity of eact
variety of seed needed for an acre ol
I ground, and a price list of all seeds kepi
in stock. Among them we notice thre(
o varieties of tobacco, viz: Havana (im-
e ported),:Connecticut seed leaf and Flor
s ida grown. Mr. Wilson has had an ex
e perlence of ten years in vegetable raising

in Florida, offers only such seeds as he
knows to be adapted to Florida, and
tests the germinating quality of each.
Altogether he is a dealer who deserves a
liberal patronage.
Unless we misinterpret the signs of
the times, the opening of the Sub-Tropi-
cal Exposition will mark the beginning
of a new period of growth, of substan-
tial development such as Florida has not
seen heretofore. We do not claim that
this Exposition will be one of the won-
ders of the world, but it represents the
radiating centre of efforts that are on
foot for presenting Florida's attractions
to tourists and emigrants more fully and
favorably than ever before. There will
be advertising on an immense scale,
cheap railroad rates and new attractions
for tourists at Jacksonville, St. Augus-
tine and elsewhere, that will everywhere
awaken a new interest in the State
whose climate millions of people, longito
enjoy. '. :
The New Orleans Exposition would
have done Florida much good but for
the gigantic fraud perpetrated by Cali-
fornia in appropriating to her own use
the laurels won by this State. We sug-
gest that in preparing display cards or
hangers for next winter's advertising a
fac simile of Florida's great gold medal
be stamped upon them and accompanied
by a statement of the true record, which
is all that needs to beknown. "Tell the
truth and shame"-California. Let the
reptiles and swamps be kept in the back-
ground in these pictorial displays, and
bring to the front the wherewith to
make a living. Above all, we wish-Sto
attract capital and practical minded
settlers, and our swamps and reptiles
have no attractions for them.
The New Orleans Exposition, so far "as
New- Orleans, Louisiana, the stock hold-
ers and the general interests at stake
were concerned, was a gigantic failure.
It was a case in which "vaulting ambi-
tion o'erleaped itself." Located in a re-
gion remote from the great routes of
travel, and where the population is com-
paratively sparse and notably lacking in
progressive spirit, the vast preparations
made were out of all proportion to the
crowds that came or that could have
been expected. Besides, the- public had
begun to weary of World's Expc.siticns,
and not many, even of tourists,, would
go far out of th'ir way to see 'them.
After the huge and dreary shnw at New
Orleans it seemed to us that the Amenri-
cans had had expositions ad nauseam. .
The management of the Florida Sub-
Tropical wisely decided to take a new
departure, to leave the be',ten paths and
try a shorter cut to popular favor. The
plans thus far marked out, as described
briefly on our first page, appear to us ad-
mirable in the extreme, and, unless thde
be a lack of funds for carrying them out-
and we think the people of Florida will
provide against that-the consummation
will exceed the highest expectations that
anyhave indulged in. The fact is not
su. iciently considered that this is to be
a permanent exhibit of Florida's attrac-
tions, not to be packed away and pu lied
down after few months, but to con-
tinue from year to year, each year adding.
to it new and superior attractions. The
managers are men of superior ability,
peculiarly well qualified for their ardu-
ous duties, in short, they are the right
men in the right place. That isa most
important pre-requisite to success, as
every one knows who has been connected
with fairs and expositions. -
T'ie location of the Exposition could
not be better. It should be at the State's
metropolis or chief centre of trade and
travel. That principle is recognized'in
getting up all expositions. It gives 'to
them a standing or reputation which
they would not enjoy if located at towns
of secondary importance. We should
adopt the surebt means of getting people
into the State, then all parts of the State
Swill share the benefits;: The benefits
will be two fold; first,'Increased travel
to.all parts of the State, for but few will
come 1to Jacksonville :without going
farther; second, increased interest 'in
different sections awakened by their re-
spective exhibits. The several counties
will be invited toexhibit their respective
attractions. Many of them will exhibit,
and self-interest should prompt all to'dc
so. Some will defer preparations till' it
- is too late, and then repent at their leis-
- ure. :-
As to material resources, it will Lbe
r found desirable to exhibit something iri
- addition to oranges. They serve well as
- dessert to the'feast, to delight the palate
1 and eye, but there is a good deal said
h about frost and depressed' markets, and
f when it comes to the point of investing
t in real estate, many like to hear aboul
e diversity of resources. Therefore, let ut
- have a diversified exhibition. Let th
- world be shown that Florida can product
more articles of food than any othet
g State. But these varied products hrr



We are admonished occasionally that
certain reformatory measures which call
for legislation, deserve more of our at-
tention than they receive. If we do not
press these questions persistently, it is
not because we do not recognize their
importance. Previous to and during
the last session of the Legislature we de-
voted most of our editorial space to
questions upon which the Legislature
was expected to act. When that body
adjourned without having done any-
thing for agriculture more than was
necessitated by the constitution, we ex-
pressed the opinion that the members
were not so much to blame as their con-
.stituents. The Legislature aimed, no
doubt, to do the will of the people, but
the majority of the farmers did not seem
willing to leave the beaten paths, and
representative bodies are not expected to
act in the capacity of leaders or of inde-
pendent reformers. The press of the
State did not devote much space to
questions of agricultural policy, and as
a rule did not seem alive to their impor-
After the adjournment of the Legisla-
ture we expressed the opinion that there
was great need of popular enlighten muenti
and that popular sentiment must un-
dergo a material change before the Leg-
islature could be expected to enact
measures of radicalreform. How to ef-
fect this change is the great problem be-
fore us. The few journals which are
earnestly .advocating industrial reform
reach comparatively few of the people
MIany there are who take no paper at all.
Many others take only a local newspaper,
and if they indulge in an agricultural -or
family paper i't is apt to be some cheap
advertising medium published in anoth-
er State. It is a popular delusion that
If an agricultural journal published fort-
nightly in some Northern State can be
obtained for fifty cents a year, it'is econ-
omy to take it in preference to a home
journal published weekly at two dollars
a year. Such journals area bane to the
State, for the ideas they teach, if put:
into practice in this latitude, are as likely

Besides, we have mcii in Florida who

I ULU b rUU1.Aww 3.Lw 1,L*-> ~ sU V alt; am~iu~v w 1~l far~m---- Lpg stivet in-l 1 11 t '.fL co ^ un LI O ~ U ^ lt v, as it is assre Muse. *
to lead to failure as to success; and, be- of a circulation of more thaiin 2.000u. FORAGE CROPS. .
draw from the patronag' and. Jampas B. YuC, goof Citrus county:-H. H.
sides, they draw from the patronage and Mavile. of Jacks.ville; William Garn er 'Bermuda gras, crab grass, Para grass
support of the home journals, and re- of Levy county; J. D. Johns, of Bradford Guinea- grass,; Terrell grass, orchard
due their circulation and influence county, and Mr. McEllery, of Levy county. grass, red-top grass, Johnson grass, Texas
uce t t crculaton and nuecwe e ele,ete. as a commjttue, and commis- blue grass, pearl millet, German millet,
among the people. There are in the stoned by the president to visit the conven- millo maize, kaffir corn, teosinte, sorg-
other Gulf States several agricultural nou of farmers at Gainesville, on the 12th, hum, fodder corn, cow peas, desmodi-
journals which desrv. aagepr agind empowered to treat with the convention um, Mexican clover, lespedeza, alfalfa,
journals which deserve large patronage in the interest of the Farmers' Alliance. .
in Florida, but to patronize them in Resolutions were adopted thanking the melilotus.
railr,,ads for the consideration shown the mSOE.LANIZOUSSUBJEOTS..
preference to home journals of the same delegates in attending the meetings, and Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
class is a suicidal policy. Help -your thanking the citizens of Marianna for the the mulberry hunting and fishingdog
home papers and they will help you. kindness and hospitality shown our dele-t. bunting and fishing, dogs
gahome papers and they will help you tes. A motion to adiourn was carried, and dog laws, fences anti roads, legisla-
Do this without regard to their editors leaving the selection of the time and tion for farmers, farmers' clubs, trans-
ard pubishers. Consider Which paper the place of the* next meeting, to portation, marketing produce, experi-
andpublishers. consider wic pap the executive committee .-which con- mental farms, agricultural education,
is calculated to do you and the Stale Asists of A. F. McCrarv, of Jackson county home manufactures, natural history
most good, and- give it your support as a S. B. Thomas, Jr., of Madison county, and of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
mte o sl t Daniel M. Bison, of Gadaden county. This r, f ling ho rnishin
matter of self-interest. is a strong committee of the representative vice, farm buildings, house furnishing,
Wemust admit that the press cannot farmers of Florida. The greatest, harmony farm machinery, farm implements,
xert the influence it should, because prevailed, demonstrating that the old farm- water supply, cooling appliances, re-
exert the influence it should, because it ers come here for a grand and noble par- cipes for cooking, home decorations
does not reach as large a poriion of the pose, which was accomplished, household economy. mineral, and earths,
population as it should. The class it The plans evolved at this State meeting climatology, ertc.
doeulatas na towad. makng will be of incalculable benefit to all. Sev- In treating of the above and related
does not reach goes far toward making eral efficient organizations were commit sub-ects, practical experience is much to
up constituencies and influencing legis- stoned by President Wilson and the work of tical ho
organiazing the State wili be pushed, be preferred to theoretical knowl-
lation. Constituencies must be educated W. B. Wynn and C. 0. Bush, the agents edge; yet there are topics needing dis-
up to a certain point before we need at- for Jackson county will represent the Ali- cushion which have to be created of
inflenc thi dance paper at the Piedmout Exposition at from a somewhat theoretical stand-
tempt, seriously to influence their law Atlanta. CoB. noint.
making representatives. How shall we We do not desire letters written mere-
reach those who do not read, and turn A Question of Policy. ly in praise of special localities unless
the minds of those who are averse to OscO. Fla. Sept. 28th. 1887. claims to favor are based on the products
chane? SCELA. la.Sep. 28h. 1. or productiveness of the soil. Articles
change? Edtor Fhyinda Farmer and FntU-Orower.: of an animated or vivacious style are de-
This difficulty would seem well nigh It has been the intention of the Far- sirable by way of variety, but practical
insurmountable but for the new power mers' Union, from the onset, to unite statements and descriptions should- be
that is arising in the land, namely, the with the Alli.,nces, but not until after concise and as much to the point as pos-
oeur State organization. We expect to sible.
co-operative associations. The prime ob- meet Tegas with an equal power and All communications for the editorial
ject of these is to bring together all State rights If we go into the Alliance department should be addressed to
whose interests centre in the productions by these subordinate Alliances we will. EDITOR FARMR AND FRUIT-GROWER
of the soil. They are to be brought to- not have the same power that we would
t thesol. have by going in as the Farmers' State A oP e llzes
gether fora common purpose, to work Union. In the latter, we would have Armour & Co's Fertlzers.
unitedly for their mutual protection and the power to demand redress in case of In this issue of' the 'FARRi AND
advancement. If such organization be any wrongs. And there is no need of FRUIT GROWER appearAs the'i'dvrse-
perfected, the greater part of the popu- the State of Florida paying the State of meant of Armoul &' Co's pure gri'und
perfected, the greater part of th PoPu- Texas the amount of revenue that it will bone and blood, fertilizer. Thbi'is i notin
lation-enough to control legislation- cost the poor farmers of this State to go any way a chemical prodlct'ibt'istmade
will be united in local clubs, which will into the Alliance in this slice-at-a-time from the natutilai anihimal -matter,'T6ne
act in harmony, to some exrent, under way. at $9.00 for each- subordinate .and-blood, anrid comes direct froi.tleire
Alliance it wial cost the Sti. of Floruda slaughter house'. "It has'pdducrd'inbst
central direction. The controlling in- many thousand dollars, wnel.we can go'gratifying results in6 many portions. of
fluences or senitment will be reform- in as the Florida State Union without it'' .tbhe'tate. It is sold at low prices; and
atory, reform will become popular, and costing us one-tenth of the amount, guaranteed to be pure. .



not available at the eleventh hour.
Each has its season, and it if be desired
to exhibit each in attractive condition,
much forethought and good manage-
ment will be called into requisition.
Every variety of fruits, vegetables and
field crops should be represented, and
can be if proper means be adopted.
Such crops as cotton, rice, rye, corn,
oats and millet, can be used very effect-
ively for decoration, and a generous use
of them will add much to the effective-
ness of the display. The practical element
must be brought to the front. Grain in
the sheaf is practical and at the same
time ornamental, and we think steps
should be taken at once to secure a large
supply of rye, oats, rice, millet and other
forage crops before this year's crop is

progressive journals can extend their
Thus we regard the co-operative move-
ment as calculated to bring about popu-
lar enlightment and much needed legis-
lation, besides fhe more immediate re-
sults which are held most in view.
Therefore, in order to bring about such
legislation, we think the- best policy is
first to encourage co-operative organiza-
tion. That accomplished, we can, di-
rectly and indirectly, obtain a better
hearing with the people. We believe in,
systematic effort, and in having good
foundations to build upon.


Interesting Proceedings of the
Convention at Marianna.
MAIANNA, Fla., October 5.-At 8 p. m.
last evening the Farmers' State Alliance had
its installation of.officers. The court-house
hall was filled to its utmost capacity, many
hundreds being present. The mayor of Ma-
rianna, Mr. S. H. Brash, gave the members
of the Alliance a hearty welcome, ac -iriing
them the hospitaiity.of the city. Mr. W.
B. Sheppard, of Liberty county. responded
in behalf of the Alliance in an elc.quent
speech. The installation then took place.
The president, Mr. Oswald Wilson. took
the oath of office, followed by the vice-
president, the secretary. the treasurer, the
lecturer, the chaplain, the door-keeper, the
assistant door-keeper and the seargeant.at-
arms. The ceremony was very imposing.
A badge designating -his of3,e was pinned
on each officer. It consisted of a white rib-
bon, on which the coat of arms of Florida,
with date and the nameof the office of the
Farmers' State Alliaince printed thereon by
J. M. M cttsv, of Thomas county, Ga.
The installing officer, General. Sebring,
of Levy county. theu made an eloquent ad-
dress, which w'as frequently interrupted
by storms of applause. General Barnes,
of Washington county, then, in a very ap-
propriate little speech, presented the Alli-
ance, with a gavel m.t'e of Florida live oak.
T. A. Hall, of Madis.n. respoinded iu be-
half of the Alliance in a proper style. Presi-
dent Wilson made the closing address,
which was relished by all. This made the
most enjoyable day min the history of the
Fiorida farmers.
The morning session began at 8a.m.,
with J. M. Massey, president pro ternm. in
the chair. The different committees were
not prepared to report. Reports
from the county alliances were received,
showing 65alliances, with a membeiship of
nearly 2,000. Oswald Wilso.n, the presi-
dent; T. A. Hall, the secretary, an.d ). M.
Henson, of Gadsdeu count;, were elected
to represent the .Uliance at the National
Alliance at Shreveport on the 12th inst.
The committee onu c.:nstEtution aaid by-
laws reported a very liberal and just-con-
stitution, which was "unanimously adopted.
The committee on printing reported the
necessity for a State printing establlish-
ment and recommended the plan adopted
by the State Alliance of Texas. Pending
the adoption of this report, the meeting
adjourned till 8 p. m. Coa.
SMABRIANNa, Fla.. October 6.-The report
of the committee on printing was adopted.
It provides for the establishment of an
Alliance printing house, under the super-
vision of the board of directors, appointed
bv the president of the State Alliance. The
following compose the committee: A. H.
Manvlie, of .Jacksonvijle, president; R. B.
Stapleton, of Jacksonville, vice-president-
J. W. Pooser, of Jacksonville, secretary and
treasurer; D). A. McDougaJd. of Gadsden
county; C. E. Scott. of Calhoun county;
W. N: Robertson, of Liberty county: W.
N. Warring of .Madison county- William
Garner, of Levy county, and J. D. Johns.
of-Bradford coutinty. The boaid bought and
took charge of the press and the outfit of
the Wies' Fl'orida Enquirer. Mr. Oswald
Wilson. the editor, rented a suitable office,
and it is now ready to proceed to business,
and will give the public an acceptable,
frst-clss ,ouIrnai, in the interest of the
Farmers' Alliance and the farming 'public
generally. The Eiqaiurer, under the pies-
ent management, will be ona of the best

Besides, we have meni in Florida who
are just as capable of framing suchlaws
as will best suit the Florida farmers -as
can be found in Texas, and we have no
need of going to Texas for -brains and
talent. We would advise the farners of
Florida to hold to what they have until
after the State convention of the Farm-
ers, Union to be held at Gainesville,
October 12th, and let us see what the
Farmers Union will do in the way of a
better protection of the products of the
Florida farmer. I see nothing in the
constitution of the Texas Alliance touclh-
ing on this point. J. H .WuH-.ON -

Meeting of New Hope Club.
JUDSON, Fla., Sept., AOth, 1887.
Editor Florida Farmer and *uWit-Growe.r:
New Hope Club met to-day, it being
their reglar monthly meeting, after the
general order of business was transacted
we proceeded to elect Deleg-etes to the
State Convention of Farmers Union to
to be held near Ga.nesville October 12th,
where we hope to meet all of the Farm-
ersof the State of Florida.
This club numbers 147 members. The'
public generally are-cordially invited to
attend ..
Sec. protein, -'Chairman

Hints to Correspondents.
The readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER are respectfully in-
vited to contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the iarm. garden, orchard and house-
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this journal maybe
gathered from the subjoined table. which
may serve to suggest what might other-',
wise escape attention :..
Clearing land, draining land, crops for
new land, succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different soils,
Irrigation, soiling vs.: pasturing, cow-
penning, green manuring. "
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,
goats, poultry-Breeds, feed, diseases,
treatment.- ... ,
Corn, oats, rye, wheat, rice-Varieties,
yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
ties encountered, general treatment.
Cot ton-Long a ,,d ,Yhorl Staple- Plant-
ing and cultite, marketing, manage-
ment of seed, products from theseed.
Sugar tCan anmd Sorghnum- Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
tion of market. .:
Tobaeco-Varieties, history in Florida,
recent experiences, seed, culture, manu-
Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie-
ties. hardiness and productiveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methods of planting
and(culture comparativeeffects of fer-
tilizers. marketing of fruit, preservation
of fruit, wine and other products.
Peach. pear,' fig, persinimon, loquat,
the Kelsey plum; native plum, mul-
berry, quince, apricot, guava, banana,
pineapple sapodilla, mango, avocada
pear, cocoanut., pecan, English walnut,
almond, pomegranate, olive, grape,
strawberry, .blackben'y, raspberry-Va-.
rieties, effects of soil, weather, etc.
methods of culture. .
Planting trees for ornament or utility,
the burning over of forest lands, the
lumber and turpentine industries, the
tanning industry, phenomena of plant
life, weeds and noxious plants.
N. B.-Specimens may be sent .to the
editor for identification. Information is
desired respecting popular names and
Plants adapted 'to' this climate, out-
door culture, management of green-
house. .

^a- er~ive aiim


ffr jm*OR Edirfe.

With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general Interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscelbers are cordially Invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications Intended for publication
mast be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
.should be addressed to
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
Montclair, Fla.

Our Cosy Corner.
During the "melancholy days" one is
very apt to be severely practical, "only
that and nothing more," for the odds
.and ends, dirt and dust, worn carpets
-and battered furniture, cleaning, sewing,
upsetting and setting to rights, are any *
thing but romantic, albeit the general
After effect may be somewhat in that
line, where taste and deft fingers unite
with energy and perseverance to convert
rough surroundings into objects both
home-like and beautiful.
As the rough, unpainted outside of the
average Florida house may be made
tasteful and picturesque by the simple,
inexpensive addition of lattice work and
an abundance of running vines, so may
the interior, even where the walls are of
the native pine, be rendered neat 'and
pretty. -
Ordinary paint is costly; oil makes the
room too dark; hard finish gives a fine
polish and brings out the beautiful mark-
ings of" the yellow pine, and this is our
favorite finish for inside walls where
the pine is planed. It is not expensive,
and is easily put on by rubbing with a
woolen rag or a piece of chamois.
"Ordinary paint," we said a moment
ago, because there is a paint that is not.
generally known, and a more durable
one was never made; it is cheap, too, and
we hope it may soon be found adorning
the rough, inner walls of our Florida
homes. It is called
Slack stone lime with boiling water, in
a tub or barrel to keep in the steam; then
..pass six quarts through a fine sieve;
now to this quantity add one quart of
coarse salt and a gallon of water; boil
the mixture and skim it clear: to every
five gallons ot this skimmed mixture
add one pound of alum, half a pound of
copperas, and by slow degrees, three-
quartdrs of a pound of potash, and four
quarts of-sifted ashes or fine sand. You
can add any coloring powder you desire,
mineral colors or diamond dyes. This
is literally cheap and filling', and if
there are such large'cracks in 'the walls
that more "filin'" is needed, you can
apply the latter first in the shape of soft.
putty or a mixture of small pieces of
newspaper boiled in flour paste to the
consistency of putty. This latter, by
the way, is an excellent way of filling
up cracks in floors; if preparatory to
staining them, color the newspaper paste
Is another cheap and effective way of
coloring pine walls, and how much such
coloring adds to the sense of home com-
fort every housewife knows. A smooth,
hard finish wall of a pale tint, instead of
the sombre yellowish-brown hue of the
natural wood, is a great relief to the eye,
and lightens up the room and its furni-
ture wonderfully.
. tWe have noted one means of effecting
S this, desirable change-premium paint-
and. the process of -kalsomining is an-
other. It is a very simple matter, anad
consists in making a whitewash of some
neutral substance which is made to ad-
here by means of. size _or glue. Here is
an excellent recipe for kalsomine :
White glue. one pound; white zinc,
ten pounds; Paris white, fire pounds;
water sufficient to render of proper con-
sistency. Soak the glue over night in
three quarts of water, then add as much
water again and heat until the glue is
dissolved. In another pail put the two
powders and pour on hot water, stirring
until the liquid appears like'thick milk.
Next mix all together thoroughly, and
apply with a whitewash brush. Of
course the effect, will depend somewhat
B upo' the skill with which the kalsomine
is applied. the same as does ordinary
lime-wash or paint. c
The best effect, a smooth hard finish,
is obtained % ith three thih.coats, rather t
than one'or two thicker ones. ;
Then, too, even rough wails, if there
are no Inside battens, can be papered. p
In this case it would be best to fill up the d
cracks with the newspaper pulp, and mix i
a little carbolic acid or turpentine with
it; next lay on old newspapers until a
smooth, firm wall is secured, and then p
you are ready for the true wall paper. N
S Paste? Yes, of course you must have
paste, and it is'not every one who knows
how to make the regular paper-hanger's B
paste, but we mean that our sisters shall f
have the secret immediatee." .
Good wheat flour, sifted, four pounds;
make it into a stiff batter with cold
water, in a pail; beat it well to break the
lumps; then add pulverized alum, two f
ounces; into this pour boiling water c
hissing from the fire, stirring the batter
thoroughly all the time; as it cooks it
swells and loses its white color, and when
cold will make about three-quarters of
a pail of thick paste; thin with cold
water to'adapt it to easy use with. the l
brush. If the wall has been previously
painted or varnished;, add one-half ounce t
of pulverized rosin to each two quarts of I
paste, and reduce the -mass with thin y
gum Arabic or glue water. The addition v
of a little pulverized corrosive sublimate r
will make the paste keep better, but the f
alum will do very well. h

Muck Ten Cents Per Cord.

If you wish to get out muck cheaply get a
For liarticulars address
H. w. ROOP,
McMeekin, Fla,

And now if our sisters will heed these
hints there will need be no more bare,
dark walls in our Florida homes; outside
the view is bright and full of light, in-
side let us have the same; we can, as you
see, even though we are not of those
One word more, and we will leave the
floors and walls to take care of them-
selves, or rather our sisters to take care
of them.
Talking about floors and carpets a
while back, we should have urged the
use of newspapers laid on the floor be-
neath the carpet; one layer will do, but
if they are plenty we would have three
or four layers, as they not only prevent
the boards wearing through the carpets,
but keep out the cool winter winds to an
extent only realized when you have tried
it once and then omitted it; your feet
will tell the difference.
(To be continued.)

For the Davis Fund.
When one has labored persistently for
months to attain one special object, and
that object a purely unselfish one, but
fraught with lasting weal to others who
were powerless to attain it without such
assistance, success "at last" is very apt
to bring home to those who have helped
to reach such a result the full measure of
those significant words, "It is more
blessed to give than to receive."
Our sisters of the Home Circle who
have so nobly responded to our appeal
for the well nigh helpless Davis family,
have now the pure pleasure of knowing
that they have saved for them their all,
the little home that shelters them in the
present, and will enable them to keep
the sharp fangs of "the wolf" from their
door. And $60 has done it all I
The following contributions received
since our last issue, enable us to exclaim
at last, "Eureka I"
From "Jersey," Woodbury N. J..............$10.00
From "Friends," per Mrs. J. Z.B., Orange
Park, Fla 3.00
Previously acknowledged ................ 48.50
Total $61.60
"And so the battle was fought and

Answers to Correspondents.
Mrs. H. B. K., Rutherford Park, N.
J. Queries answered by mail Sepiember
Aunt Judith Sunshine, one of pour
esteemed contributors, presents her
lamentations to the naughty printers.
They 'made her assert, amongst other
vagaries, nolens volens, that her milk
bucket was "a lard can outside of a
saucepan,"-and she respectfully desires-
to know whether she "unbeknownst,"
rolled up the handle of the saucepan and
tucked 'it inside. If so, how_ did she
do it?- Messrs. N. P. will please solve
this conundrum.
Aunt Judith also writes: "-I have en-
joyed the accounts-of "Jack.' :-am and
have been the -mother' of many charm-
ing cats,- but none of them quite so know-
ing as 'Jack.' Please give her the com-
pliments of my two cats [and a kiss.-
ED J and tell heroneof them isthe hand-
somest little dude cat she ever saw." Mes-
sage duly delivered, and Jack wants to
know if it would be improper for her to
ask Mr. Dude's mother to allow h m to
send her his picture, as she don't believe
he is half as handsome as the photograph
her mother took of her. Jack don't be-
lieve in "pretty men,", not she, but she
inquires if Mr. Dude can sing and if be
carries a cane? d
The Family Friend returns thanks to
Aunt Judith for more of her timely
recipes, some of which we reserve for
next issue. In connection with theseshe
writes: "I am sincerely anxious to help
all I can. Our first few years in this
strange country, Florida. were so full of
bewildering trials that I havegreat sym- I
pathy for others who are now where we 4
were then."' :
And our Home Circle is with Aunt t
Judith heart and hand: yet few of our 0
sisters arecompellpd to endure the de-
privations of all kinds that we, the com- e
parative pioneers of ten year ago, met F
on all sides, without the possibility of
Miss C. W.. Interlachen, Fla. We are
patiently awaiting the resultof three ap t
plications made to as many different so- s
cities. Girls seem to be'as difficult of "
attainment as diamonds, and far more c
precious. Replied fully by mail of 29th s
C. F. 0., Cleveland, 0. "Where is the
own in Florida where they give land on ,
condition of building a small house?" a
Full particulars sent by mail, 27th Sep- s
ember. The samples of palmettb'or c
traw braiding you so kindly sent by s
mail were detained in the Cleveland
tostoffice, but we look for them now
daily. Shall endeavor to utilize themi for
he benefit of our readers. b
C. P. W., Chicago; F. P.. Philadel-
phia, Pa.; C. D., Orlando; Mrs. W. L. t
., Starke,Fla. Circulars of dairy uten- i
ils sent as requested. The latter writes: s
We have a 'cracker' cow, and find that
yen her five to six quarts effect quite a
having in our table expenses, besides af- a
wording a great deal of enjoyment in the e
se of pare, wholesome milk and sweet, a
resh butter. Don't see how any family,
specially country people, can get along k
without a cow."
Neither 'do we, and it shall not be our
ault if every member of our Home Cir- tI
le is not converted to the same opinion, a
W. N. D., Philadelphia. Pa. Letter e
received and answered by mail October E
A. J. Wo, Philadelphia. Replied by
nail October 3d. tl
J. N Goshen. Ark. We are pleased sa
o hear of your continued interest in p
lorida and her products. The banana b
ou have carried through two severe s*
miters in arellar, and which "now e
measures twenty-five inches in circum- o
erence at the bese and stands seven feet A
igh," would be a credit to Florida itself. o1

The Family Friend.
From one of our subscribers we re-
ceived the following inquiries:
"We have a native cow with a calf some
three months old. She was warranted
to give one pint per day! Cost, $15, for
cow and calf. We have had her two
weeks and she now gives us two quarts
per day, and often more, and keeps some.
for her calf. She runs in grove, eats
grass, sand spurs and cow peas. We
encourage others to try a native cow.
[We will state here that our correspon-
dent has acted upon advice given by us
a month or so ago, in procuring a native
cow and keeping it in sight, not out on
range.-ED.] Please tell us, if known,
how much butter a person ought to ex-
pect from a native cow's milk, from one
We hardly know now how we got
along without our cow and milk. [The
universal experience.-ED.]
Please tell us how to get rid, and keep
rid of rats. They will not eat 'Rough on
Rats' any more. Is there any way to
make them do it?"
First, about the cow. Such a marked
improvement in the yield of milk in two
weeks promises well for the future. If
you have not yet tried the feed recom-
mended in our issue of July 27th-one
quart of cotton seed nieal and four
quarts of bran, mixed in a bucket of
warm water, given night and morning-
try it now. Another mode of increasing
the flow of milk at least 25 per cent., so
an eminent authority claims, is to give
as 'a drink three times a day, a pailful of
warm water, slightly salted, in which
bran has been stirred at the rate of one
quart to two gallons of water. It is said
that the cow will become so attached to
this drink that she will prefer it to
Never give a cow "slops." They are'
no more fit for an animal than for a hu-'
man being.
As to the amount of butter to be ex-
pected from one quart of milk, we pre-
sume that our correspondent has in view
making butter from sweet milk, as done
by the Wonder Machine referred to
some time back; we therefore quote from
its circular: "It will produce from
eighty to one hundred and twenty per
cent. more butter from milk, and twen-
ty-eight to thirty-six per. cent. from
cream than any other churn, as each
qfiart of new milk will produce from
two to to three and a quarter ounces of but-
ter, and each quart of cream eleven to
twenty ounces of butter, according to
the quality of the milk and cream, re-
The quality of milk depends greatly
on the quality of food, and, therefore,
the milk of the native cow is as likely
to vary in richness ,as that of any
other. The ordinary churn will .not
quite equal the results given above.
Now, as to the rats. We know of sev-
eral persons who have used Rough on
Rats satisfactorily, but our own experi-
ence concurs with that of our correspon-
dent, while Costar's Rat. Roach and Ant
Exterminator, which is not expensive,
has been amply successful in routing all
three of the enemies it names.
The following we reprint from our is-
sue of April 20thb:
This is how, it is said, the Germans
get rid of rats: A mixture of two parts
of well bruised common squills, and r
three parts of finely chopped bacon is
made into a stiff mass, with as much
meal as may berequired.and then baked
into small cakes, which are put down t
for the rats to eat. Several correspon- o
dents of the German Agricultural Ga- i
zette write to announce the complete ex-. (
tirpation of rats and mice from their
cow stalls, stables and piggeries since
the adoption of this simple plan.
Mrs. J. B. B., Orange Park, writes: "I
would like to ask Aunt Judith to try this
way sometimes with her bread. When
the bread is all ready to be put in the I
oven. take a knife and cut it in an'oppo-
site direction from the waythe slices are a
;obe cut. Cut them about one quarter
0f an inch deep, and one inch apart. [
Then when the slices are cut, the top
edge will be scalloped." f
Fro.'m Aunt Jiidlrn Snaiinn.. B
The seasoning of all "made dishes" is of n
first importance. On this depends the w
.ucce:s of the dish. It is easy to say c
*season to taste," but to many this is
inly another way to say *gu-css at the s
easooing." So to begin. I give, r
To one average quart of food, allow
me average teaspoonful of salt, one-half tI
altspoon of pepper: one half teaspoon- d
ul of ground or chopped herbs; one v
hopped onion, if liked, and a very a
mall pinch of cloves and allspice. I t
Put all the bits, crumbs and pieces of
bread in a mixing bowl.. season accord s81
ng to general rule, adding a little but- c
er or dripping. Pour boiling water over cl
t. and let stand until soft. It should be g
tiff enough to work with the hands.
grease a pudding dish, and line it with a
wo-thirds of this dressing. Have ready ci
bowl of chopped meats. The "scrappy ti
nd" of a ham, the remains of a roast or ft
teak or fowl, or a can of any kind of r(
neat, anything in the way of meat w
hat happens to be on hand; several
duds combined do very well, especially 01
f one kind be ham. Spread it evenly on n
be liningof dressing, and cover with si
he remaining~third of the same. Pour m
little soup, gravy 'or water over it, just a
enough to keep it moist while baking, ti
lake slowlyvuntil nicely browned.
This is.a good way to use the "jelly
bat would not jell,"'syrup left from pre- a.
serves or any other nice bit. Line a pie at
an with pastry, fill half full of crumbled th
read. Over this pour the jelly or fruit F
yrup, adding water enough to allow for in
vaporation. Bake either with or with- th
ut an upper crust, it ishice either way.
-one egg custard may be used instead P,
f the fruit syrup. With this the upper di

crust should be omitted, and the white
of the egg saved out to make a meringue.
Beat it very light while the pie is baking,
adding one tablespoon of sugar. Spread
it on the baked pie, and return it to the
oven long enough to brown.
When a loaf of bread begins to get
dry, or threatens to mould, cut it into
half inch thick slices and toast on both
sides quite brown, taking care not to
scorch it. This toast, if put in a dry
place, will keep almost indefinitely, and
is "as good as new" any time, after be-
ing heated for a few minutes in the
oven. The judicious use of toast trans-
fers many. a "skimpy," unappetizing
dish into one that is the opposite in
every respect.
Our Young Folks' Cornet.
S (Continued;)
The next thing in order for my intelli-
gent pet to learn was how to jump.
SMypater was a lumber merchant, and.
the lumber up North does not "lie
around loose" as it does around the Flor-
ida sdaw mills, not a bit of it! .
It is piled up in neat piles, the fronts
all even, and running up sometimes as
high Is a three story house. The piles
are in long rows, with a roadway in the
middle that is called a "gangway."
Well, it was in one of these gangways
that I taught Lady to play "jump the
bar."' I placed a couple of the workmen
about midway of the length of the gang-
way, one on each' side, with a light slat
like a batten resting on their palms.
Then I cantered Lady to one end of the.
gangway, and came down it again. The.
men 'held the slat low at first, and if
Lady's hoof struck it in the leap it fell to
the ground. That was the advantage of
having it held. You see, if it had been
fastened it might have thrown her.
As soon as she got the idea, and she
did that very quickly, it was wonderful
how fast she improved. Higher and
higher she leaped until at last she would
go over as lightly as a bird, at the. height
of an ordinary fence;
Yeh, Lady was very: smart, so smar-t
that she "took in" your, .Cousin Helen,
not once, but many times before she was
foufid but in her wickedness. After we
had had Lady several years she was un-
fortunate enough to fall into the band
of anmignorant country blacksmith, who
put shoes on -her that were toosmall, and
so gave her a corn.
Is that funny, think you? A corn on a
horse's foot? But if is true, a shoe too
tighter too loose, will make a corn on a
horse's foot.just as it will on a human
Of course that made Lady lame every .
little while, and several times, after be-
ing harnessed to the carriage, she had to
be put back in her stable; and it was the
same thing under the saddle.
So by and by Miss Lady came to couple
the two things together, being lame and
having a nice lazy time in. her cosy stall.
Not that she was a lazy horse by any
mean.s.'. Most people thought her fault
was wanting to travel too fast. l,ut she
got spoiled like the rest of us,i when we
are sick and are hunfored, too much, as:
we are apt to be by those who love us,',
Perhaps, too, Lady had been reading
some dime novels, and thought it was
romantic to be an invalid.
Once, after she had been at ease on ac-
countof her lame foot for a couple of
weeks, and was reported '.'all right, but
too frisky for the carriage," I took her
)ut under the saddle, but we had hardly
got clear of the yard. and Sad one. brisk
canter, before I noticed that Lady was
quite lame again. You mnay believe that
I was' worried and sorry for her, and
myself, too, but all I' could-do0 was' to
take her back to her stable. .
-A-few days later I took her out again,
her groom reporting her as entirely
cured. She had the freedom of the yard
or exercise, and be saw that she was not
aine.' -,
But it was the same thing again, and
.gain I rode her back to her stable. '
A week later, the groom insisting that
Lady was not lame at all. I tried once'
more; Away we went over the smooth,.
Nir road, not a sandy one like ours of
Florida, when all at once I felt Lady be-
gin to limp, but by thbitime I had grown
suspicious, and I made her keep on. To
uy dismay, the limp became worse and
rorse, and I began to upbraid myself for
So I turned her "face about," and as
oon as she was assured that she was
really on the way home, she started off
t a lively trot, and not a trace of lame-
ess could I detect.
I began to "smell a rat," and suddenly
urned square about. Then came that
oleful limp again, and it -kept getting
.ors and worse, and I am very much
fraid that instead of being sad over it, I
augl~ d so hard that I nearly rolled out
f th0 saddle.
I.faced her for home again, and then
he pricked up her ears in the most
heerful manner, and set off at a swift
anter that nearly upset my centre of
rarity in more senses than one.
All at once I pulled her sharp around,
nd though her lameness came back, of
Aure, I paid no attention to it. Even
hough she looked round at me reproach-
illy, I only told her she was a sad
ogue, and read her a lesson on the
wickedness of deception.
It made a deep impression, either that
r the conviction that her ten mile jour-
ey gave her that she was found out, for
he never "played lame" on me any
lore, though she did several times after,
nd successfully, on other members of
e family.
(Concluded next week.) I

* .The Family Exchange.
Open to a] sut.cribers f the FLOaID FAnsM-
1 AND FRIT-GROWE-R. Advertisements and
nswers, to avoid delays, must be addressed to
AiRKER AND FBUiT-GROWER, Montelair, Flor-
a. Each answer must be ac:ompanied by an
eaddrevsed envelope w which to forward it to
e advertiser.
Wanted, to exchange pure extracted-G
almetto honey in file gallon cans or
amijohns, value $4, for .correctly


Commission Merchant and Forwarder.

Wayeross R. R. Wharf,

Wayeross R. R. Depot,

I have in stockk and toarrrive fii) Bangor I'-ran ge Boxes, '6,00(0 Guim and Poplar Orange
Boxes, t"0,o') rangee Box Heads, 71.l00,J irangv B,,x oops. W.CtO: Reams Orange Wraps.

another Growers' Supplies, all of whILb wiT l be old at th Loweti-r PO-sible Rates.

I have the very best iacutie.: for the ,iisrrLutlic. ani sale of orange. tConulgnments shlicited.
Send for Stencls. Criulars and Fr-ce Lists.


Absolutely Pure Vegetable Matter-Guaranteed Analysis.

3' WI 7l 'WThA T -r aaJ r f l J. U

Ammonia, 7to0 7 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 25 to 30 per cent. Equal to Phos-
phoric Acid, 12 to 14 per cent. ; .


Ammonia, 3 to 4 per cent. Bone Phosphate, 50 to 55 per cent. Equa to Phibs-
phoric Acid, 23 to 25 per cent.
See that our name and Shield Trade Mark is on every Sack. Prices and
-Samples furnished on appUeation.



Send f.:,r circular. Circular contains short history of Peach Culture in Florida, and hints as
to cuitnre J. P. DePASS, Archer, Fla.


WeU iestsed and approved varri tie of the ORANGE and LEMON and other Cirrus-'FrLuts.
POEGRANATES, BANA-NAS, PECANS and GRAPE VINES. Fl-orida grown, of well known
varieties fund to 10 e stiaed to the sod and climate of Florida.
Sc-ndfor a catalogue to 0. R. THACHER, Manager,
San Mateo, Fla.


SThe Leading Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Peach Trees.

Wasbn giton Nvel Orangesa specialtv. The New Orange. "EVERBEARNG." Oranges
every monhi in the year. Peen-to, Bidwesi Patlas and Honev Peaches. A large sltck of Selsev
and other varIeties of Japan Plums,.including the"BLOOD PLUM OF SATSDMA" aid the
'EARLY SWEET PLUM."' The new Japanese Oranges, Unshiu and Canton.Hybrid,' White
adriatic and Foundlirng Figs, Pears, Persimmon,Grapes,etc. A large stock of Shade, Avenue
and Ornamental Trees, Roses, V Ines, etc.
Send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing besides the above, descripdons of all the old and a
iitCa many new fruit and ornamental trees adapted to Florida.

..... H. L.- WHEATLEY.
Altamonte, Orange County, Florida.

E3STA. T. I 8 H;|* It 1875.




W .T .T A "- Y. .. lO -JL= Mf
20 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
handle none but ihe Best andMost Reliable Seed. My new catalogue will be sent.freeon ap-
plication.' Also Wholesale Dealer in

lay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Feed, Screening
Cotton Seed Meal, Etc.

J. E. Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fertilizers.
GUERANTEED ANALY'SIS.-Comprislnfg Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizer, Pure Ground
:.. Bone, Mniate o.f Potash,.Snulphate Potash, NitrateSoda,Ealnc, Etc.
Prices on Applicantion -. '

-. .'.Ltir~t-- 'W J .-.,.a-a'.SLA.--t~~stt.. 4 -


I will exchange plants, seeds and em-
broidery patterns with our sisters of the
Home Circle. Address, Mrs. W. J. 'N.
named budded nursery stock in variety,
or fine poultry. H. G. B.
Will exchange vocal and instrumental
music, in good condition, or Florida
moss, for Seaside or Franklin Square
Library books, Haggard's "Allen Quar-
termain," "It," "Daion," or "He."
Send list. Address, Kate.
Will exchange Florida moss for pieces
of bright silks and old ribbons, that will
cut into one-quarter inch strips not less
than .six inches long. Moss to weigh
double as much as .silks. Address,

SL pe-'ri2z, strantn and Paspanlm plaiiounle.)
Illustrated and described In FLotRaDA FARMER
AND FIT Qrno3 ....
Supplied at $1.00 per thousand,
T. K. GODBEY; Waldo, Florrda.
T. K. GODBEY, Waldo, Florida.


ROOT ROT, RUST, SCALE or any other Disease of the ORANGE TREE,

Hiro OC as!, TO I'A.fl.?
-" 35 years' experience in the groves of Italy, Spain, British India and Florida. For terms
address O. DE G. BEBTOLA, Enterprise, Pa.
This fertilizer is the most perfect Orange Foo, in the market. It ctarnisn aMi the mngredisrts
needed by the OrangeTree, in their proper prop6rtions,viz: Pnosphoric Acoi, Potash, Calcium
and Azote. Three.forms and from four different sources.
The Ashley Phosphate Company, of Charleston, guarantee the formula.
Price. f. o. b. ship or rail in (C'u riesitn.. ................ .. i23.00
A t Jac s..nr e............................. ..................... ..... ... ........... .............. 25.0)
Sanford or Ent rc rrise-.. ......... ..................................................... 2 .50
0. DE 0. BERTOLA, Proprietor.




efficaciously as f blacksmith, and it is soft skin, and show considerable decrease 1I
a/ f +H +better to pay such a one some trifle than in size-after being milked. The teats tl
to lame your horse, should be placed well apart, for when T
He that would raise a good stock of cramped together it indicates a want of a
TACHYHIPPODAMIA. horses or mules, must have good pasture- sympathy in the udder. The milk vein S
ground, and take special care that the is a sure indication of the quantity of li
Powell's Methods of Breaking colts do not want for food in winter blood supplied, and for all practical pur- a
and Training Horses. time, and more particularly the.flrst two poses may be taken as a guide' The C
and years. More depends upon the first two points of a good cow have been thus ex-
The conclusion of the curious treatise years than anything that can be done pressed in verse : t
from which we previously made ex- afterwards; for a colt that is badly fed Long in the face, she's fine in the horn, t
tracts, appears in the lasbnumber of the and allowed to suffer hunger and cold Quickly gets fatwithoutcake or corn;
Southern Live Stock Journal, and we while he is young, will rarely or never eav in e and full in the chin ,
copy as follows: make a large horse; whereas, if he has e
If you buy a horse in one part of the been well fed for two years, he is more Broadin the rib and long in the rump,
country and take him to another, andthe able to support hardship afterwards, Straight and fat h acked without ee, ahum,
horse returns of his own accord to his though I, by no means, advise any one Fine in the shoulders, thin in the thigh. c
former abode, cause another person (if to neglect him at any time ihtin theneck and small in the tail,
the person be his old master so much the Wid in the reatandsillifln ailk p
etter) to take your horse and tiehim uptandSCRUB STOCK. Fineofthe bone, and silky of skin,
and whip him severely and let him stand SRUB Airy without-a meat market within. -
all night without eating anything what- a
ever. In the morning let the same per- Evils of the Free Range, Fence Horse with Lame Shoulder.
son come again to the horse and give Laws, Etc. Horse with Lame Shoulder.
him anothergood discipline; immediately ORANGE HOME, Fla., Sept. 20, 1887.
afterwards, go to your horse, mount BYARGUS. EditorFlorida Farmer andrit-rower
him and ride him back to the place Even this despised breed, that can Ihave a valuable horse that has been
where you. wish him to stay, and give boast no pedigree worthy of note, lame in his left shoulder for some time.
him some salt and plenty to eat. Keep has brought large fortunes to their At times he seems to qiuit limping for a
him enclosed for two days, well fed, owners, as many a ranch man or couple of days, and then it returns f
handled and caressed. Then cause him cattle king can testify. On the high again, worse than ever. I cannot locate 6
to be taken to his first place of residence. pine lands they will do. well for the disease, as he does not flinch upon
Let any person catch him, tie him up awhile, that is as well as could be examination. What can I do to, relieve S
and whip him as at first, leaving him expected of a cow with'nothing but wild the lameness? I shall be pleasedi to re-
tied all night without eating. Go to grass for food, but if kept there the year ceive an answer through the. veterinary
him, get upon him and ride him home; round they are apt to sicken, and then department of the FARMER aMND FiUIT-
caress and feed him well, and give him they must be sent to the flat woods to GROWER.
a little salt. Let him loose at the end of recuperate, which they, are most sure Your paper, like the negro's rabbit, is
two days ontrial; if he does not return at to do. There is a lack of something on "good any way you take it."
the end of four days, have him caught, the pine hills necessary to the well being J. R. B..
caressed and fed and salt given him, of cattle, but what that thing is has ANSWER.-As the cause. f lameness is
and then let loose; But should he return never been clearly ascertained. A cow .not ,c.aed, i .is tcultt .re. b in-
a third time, which would be rare case, that has been well fed is not apt to get ated, itbisdifficult to preribe ill-
repeat the discipline. I seldom or never sick, but th e nativewild stock love their teigently, but from the leriti we
knew the remedy to fail; old habits best, and would rather starve presume it is a rheumatic tiaoul" e.
STO BREAK HOSE TOC IAGE. than put their uose into a mess ofbran. the following powderonceaday in the
TO BREAAORSETO-CA thR Itht h ,enoa t tetwh
Harness your horse; handle him in the The that have een t Iodide ofpotash 2 drachms.
forehead a few .inutes. Let some one calves are sometimes very tame and will Iodide of potash, 2 drachms.
forehead a few minutes. Let some one eat almost anything. The cattle in the Colchicum seed, 1 .
lead himwhilstyouholdthe reins and southern part, of the State look well Continue for ten days.
go behind him with a whip in y some of them being sleek and fat. D. O. LYoN.
hand. Make him advance by speak- It is amusing to see them run on the *
ing to him; then speak to him to stop, track before the train. The Florida Hog Cholera. F,
at the same time you pull upon the Southern could not blow them off, nor Many interesting things have been
re. Exercise him a ndfe minutes whistle them off, with all the screaming published in the Stockman in respect to
in this way, then handle him again and noise that steam could make. The the h"g. Having had muchtroublewith
in the forehead. Make him advance; train will slacken up and-the cattle will the great hog diseases I may venture a
let the person who led him now go be- run for-miles in front, andseom to think few remarks on this much worn subject.
fioe at'as-a e s il, thenurth off their cattle drivers are behind them. In August last I ad hogs, ten in number
tillat lastthe horse will suffe himself Sometimes they will follow the train between ten and eleven months old,
tobe-hdriven without any one being e- until it is out of their sight. They are taken sick with cholera, two of which
fore him. Now let him drag a small often killed, although every precaution were quite sick. These two I separated
piece of wood, with some one going be- is taken by the train hands to pre- from the rest of the herd. I immedi-
fore as at, first, till he suffers himself to b the
he driven without. Exercise a few mi- vent -it.. ately procured some mill feed and fed
utbe drivn w without. Eercise asomfewin We heard two cattle ownerstalkingon slop feed and oats, also one teaspoonful ,
lautesinthatill make onsiderableo01e. the train, and their conversation natu- to each hog of the following: Ground
larger thatwa make consideraarlfixee rally ran on the cow question, and we ginger, 4 oz.; black antimony, 2 oz.; :
1 hae ait ways maould roll round, and in which heard them remark that the railroads flour sulphur, 2 oz.; pulverized nitre,
I put a quantity ofd roll round stones; but. as ought to pay full price for the cattle 2 oz.; sulphate iron, 4 oz. The eight
stone are difficult to procure in this part killed on the track. We asked if there hogs ate very sparingly of the feed but
of the country, their place can be sup- was any blame attached to the mana- soon began to mend, and in three weeks
ofplied by someuntry,thing else. Give thehorse gers of the train or road. They an- were quite well and on full feed again.
good exy esoein the .ame. g leho- swerved, "0, no, they try to prevent it. These ten were fed until 14 months old
gressive manner till he will suffer him- can't always do so." Then we and weighed 300 pounds. Now for the
self to be driven with this last load in ase^d, "Why do*you think they ought remaining two; they lay in the pen, re-
every direction with oututbe necessity of to pay the damage? "Why," said they, fusing to eat anything for over one week,
an.y onoinbefor wi m. .Ten.ut. hi- "the railroads ought to fence in their when they began to eat a little. I fed
toan empty cart and continuonintheroads." We asked, -"How much benefit the powder iu the slop, being careful to
progressive manner. Never pull has this road been to you? Can't say give no more feed than there would eat
phgressive .manner. Never pull upon exactly, but a great deal." "If it would up clean. They fully recovered from
spea ohipi. .ever not have come through here unless you the disease and ate well, but did not
Sspeakmg timnP. hnaveueeryet faea had signed a paper freeing them from thrive in proportion to the feed they ate.
of success in putting a horse to a coach
or gig: but it is certain that there are all Liability from damage to cattle, after I have been using the above powder for
or gio:bu it is certain that there are due precaution to prevent it, would you some years, both for hogs and horses, and
somfew perses so have patience end viiough thaosuc- have signed it?" They answered, "Ex- as a preventive of hog cholera it surely
ceed. I here speak of those horses that pect we should." "Then is it right to has some effect, as I have used it wheu
have contracted vicious habits after exact i. from them, because they have my hogs were not doing well, and it in-
bavn been broken for a lon time come through and have not asked:you variably restored the hair toa bright color
Never fail to give our horse a v to ign such a paper?" Thatwasaques- and caused the skin to become clean and
Neer fail to give you r horse a very tion they did not like to answer. healthy -Cor.---National Stockman.
small quantity of salt after having e- If there ever was.an unjust: law it is : r .; "
ercised him to go in a cart or gig. Do I thehatreakwa anu to aui w it
not give him more than a thimbleful this, thatasksa man to build a fenceto
not a time. He wi generally go wel keep out other people's cattle. Why Sheen Milk and Butter.
the first day; ut e o h o av cannot the golden rule work here as A Holland paper states that sheep but
the fhourst day; but hexerse a6ought day for a fewell as elsewhere, and let every man ter and milk is becoming quite an in-
dafew protect his own and keep them from mo- dustry in that country. It eays that. in
A B-AY. : 'HORSE._ lesting his neighbor? Surely this is the eastern part of the province of
AA oS. doing as we i*uld bedone by. Although DrentLe iNetherlandsi many Frie'ians
If a horse stops and refuses to go, or the scrub stock has in the past been a milch sheep are kept, principally by
runs back, go up before him, handle source of great profit to many, yet the small farmers and day laborers. Of late
him in the forehead and coax him. If business is declining: as new industries butter has been made from the milk of
he is not an old offender he will go off come in. the cattle, like the red skins, are these sheep, which is said to be always of
in about, fifteen minutes. Iflhehas been driven further on. a whiter color than that made from cow's
spoiled for a long time, ilt requires more We would not be without cattle, far milk, is of good flavor, but has a sweeter
patience to correct him. from it. We want a home supply, but taste. This butter is not sold on the
A BADWAY.OF BREAKING HORSES.' of the right kind. Thousands of head market as yet, but if a little good butter
I have seen a wild horse taken and ,can be seen in the low palmetto woods, color is mixed with it, it will be pre-
shut up in a stable. The man who was but we have no dairies, aud but a scant ferred, aud that quitesoou, to much t the
to gentle or tame him, took a whip such supply of milk. We must have this butter made from cow's milk by the
as a coachman uses, and went into him, changed, for the State can never reach dairymen of Drantile.-Es.
and as the horse was frightened and ran the gaol at which it aims until the land
away from him, he fell to whipping him flows with milk as well as honey. A An occasional sweeping away of cob-
most unmercifully. At the end of half cross between the scrub stock anda Jer- webs from the rafters, joists, scaffolds
an hour. the horse seeing it impossible sey or Ayrshire would make a grand dif- and timbeisof the barn serves materially
to escape the whip by running away, ference in our dairies and in the value of to diminish risk of fire. for these very
advanced towards the man who had our cattle. inflammable substances, at the slightest
been his persecutor. The man threw The last report from the-Department touch of flame, are liable to start a fire
down his whip and began to handlehim: shows that the State of Florida has that cannot be stayed until every com-
but the horse, at the end of a few min- only about twice as many milch cows bustiblematterwithinreachisconsumed.
utes. began to be refractory, when he as Rhode Island, the smallest State in The very best insurance is care against
took it up again and repeated the lesson the Union, and a still worse showing every risk, for in the event of fire in a
with so muih severity that thehorsesoon for this State is, that the value of the barn, no farmer can expect to receive
came back to him, Then 'he continued milch cows in that small State is full indemnity when lie foots up all the
for some time: when. at the end of more than the value of twice the losses.
about two hours, he saddled the horse number in Florida. We hope that
and drove him about with the whip, the time is near when some enterprising .
making him come up to him every now cattle owner will set the example by ff I Iff and
and then, till at last he mounted and changing the pedigree, and thus give this r M l
rode off very well. I observed that the 'itawe a better showing before many
horse frequently trembled when he went more reports are issued. And he shall The Poultry Yard.
to get on him, notwithstanding he rode be our cattle king, for he will deserve People are learning that poultry is
him off pretty well; he appeared to be the title.
afraid of many objects he met with, and Every farmer should keep two cows if moreappetizing a nd healthful than chol-
was far, very far from being that docile' no mere, and they should give ten or era hogs, and prefer the former at a con-
. animal tamed by the simple, natural twelve quarts apiece. With this he siderable oadvace in priced Farmers,
means made use of in my method of could make his own butter, have all the too, have found that aplund of poultry"
Breaking horses. Besides this, those milk the family could use, and plenty of bk, and will always find a market
horses do not remain gentle. I speak for the hogs and hens, both of which at pomunerative prices, unless it is in
from experience. 'will do much better if they have a skim at remunerative prices, unless it is in
milk diet occasionally. And then the the very dullest part of the year, when
BREAKING FOR A FEW HOURS.- manure saved by bedding the cows will it wont cost much, if anything .,to hold
Stop up the horse's ears so that he can- pay for the feed, most of which can be it over.-Farmer and Dairyman.
-*not hear at all, and you can very soon raised on the place. This quantity may To cure pip or slight cold in hens,
handle him as if he were a gentle horse; seem large to those who have been used after a damp spell or sudden change in
but when you unstop his ears he will be- to milking m a quart cup, and seldom get winter or spring, give a piece of gum of
come as wild as ever. If you perform that full,-but it would not seem so to asafoetida as large as a pea up to thesize
this two or three times upon the same those who bare often got twenty and of a hickory nut. If given when the
borse it will have no effect npon him at twenty-four quarts from one cow. This trouble is first noticed it will generally
last. -' is often the case at the North, and when help their breathing in a few hours; re-
SUNDRY CAUTIONS. acow gives less than ten quarts she is peat the next day if necessary to relieve.
When you cut or pare the hoofs of north considered profitable by the men who -C. E. Chase, in Farm and Home.
your horses, be careful to cut them sons sell milk, and is traded for one that has In my experience I have found that it
not to let that soft part-which is in the just "come in." is more profitable to keep one 12 pound
middle of the foot, commonly called the The points of a good cow are as- fol- bird than two 6 pound birds, there being
frog-raise above the outside or the hoof; lows, according to good authority: "The but one to keep alive and care for. I
for if you do, it will undoubtedly make udder should be capacious, extending think I find more eatable meat' on the
the horse limp. When it is too big, it well behind the legs. and also well for- two than on theone. I prefer the large
must be cut off. Nobody will do it so ward. The coat should be thin, with a birds for market, as they eat less, are

iss work to raise and take up less room -The factories are tall getting down
han an equal weight of small birds, to solid work again. Bythe first of Oc-
'here is a great difference in the amount tober we expect to see Key West resume
nd quality of the meat in a bird of the her air of thrift and cheerfulness-by
5panish breed and a Dorking, the. latter that time we think it will be safe for the
having a deep, full breast, compact body refugees to begin returning, that is, if
nd fine grained meat.-Cor. -Popular there is no more cases of fever-Key
Gardening. West Equator.
Whitewash is an indispensable article .-
o use in the poultry yard. Use it plen- @iI)k1I|.l. A
fully at least once a month, and add a U
little carbolic acid or kerosene oil; it will TRADE (
drive away mites. MARK
Don't .fail to give plenty of fresh
Drinking water three or fbur times each 'rs )ON'T(
lay or oftener if necessary. Poultry
;annot thrive at all if neglected in this DIE IN THE H0U U
particular. T-E
Use plenty of sulphur with your fowls. Gonewherethe WoodbineTwineth.
Keep plenty in the nests and give two or R s are smart, har oa .n Ra,'r'" beats
three tablespoonfuls in soft feed at least them. lae:.sr ut Raui. Mice. Ra.:.ches. Water
since a week. Lice will not stay on a Bui-. F..-, B. tie- M.:.trs. tnts. ntquir:.es,
fowl that eats sulphur.-Times-Dem- E i.d-iuc'6, L-t-. P:.tPt>:.o Bugs, Sparrnws,
SSkritsm : weritl. i:..pie .s, 'hiprnai., M.:.ileS.
corat. tl'-k Rat.r Jaerk Rab it. llurrcls. '. &e.''.c.

Honey as Food.
-Honey belongs to the carbonaceous
foods, that is, toT he same group as s gars.
starches, gums aud fats, which contain
only the elements of carbon, hydrogen
and oxygen. There may be a trifling
amount of coloring matter. flavoring
substance and water, but the bulk of all
honey is sugar. Though the coloring
and flavoring substances are m alli in
amount, they exert a beneficial influence
on the body when taken internally. We
do not change from Ciane sugar to maple
sugar simply to please the palate, or
merely for the sake ,of the change; it 'i
for an alterative effect which result'
from the change. So it is with boney.
It tastes good, and i:. very beneficial to
the human organism. Houny is pio-
duced by plants and not by bees. These
useful little insects simply gather and
store it as it exists in the flowers. Sam-
ples of honey-are unlike, because differ-
ent flowers produce different qualities of
honey. Sometimes, though rarely,
honey may act on the system almost as a
poison. It is thought to be much adul-
terated, but a careful examination of
many samples shows that this is not
true.-Groff, in Farm and Home..

A good way to kill out Johnson or
Bermuda grasses is to plow up two or
more times during the drouthy season of
summer, exp'..sing the roots to the sun.
Then plow again in winter, exposing
what roots are left to the action of frost
and freeze.-Southeru Live Stock Jour-

" R.:,,oa ,:.n RA," is a e:-.mt[,-re prrT ncirea
and dastr..yeror Hfen Like Mi a "5c box -of
"R.:oae ON RATs" to' a rail .:. whitr rashb
wac.h th- bwhk- itriur.',f th Henerv; rsiade
and oursi,-j.)e (rfe niest TIe cue -. radical
andic.mpiei. POTATO B1UGS
F" or Potato B'se. inTect6 'on
ines, Shrub. Ttre, I pound
,:.r hKlf the c.-,nr.tri, ,i a fl.,,i
/Sthi, ios ,:' Roci C,,i R.'ai&"' Ag, i-
mit cit, irral SL, ,. ,-. t.i,,rei'']iy
'eL nL iI -ith ,:.ne .:. rr. biarrele
S l plasTer. ,:-r ibat is better au'
S,_ ..;.i : l e Much depr j'ls
u[,, .t:r.:i,-h m ix-Kig, s.:-' as
It -a t pl .t,' re -s' :r shriu u r r dapr kl u
wet, a.i is '.3 p,:ir i eiv'rh- r when- ms-xd WILh
lime, J. teI ,:.'n -i .iiui n':.7itSure WVbdile in
its' ea,-i:'Dtrt.i[ -l.at- ;t : the rm:-st acrire
(icd, irr,:,."cot ,i, 'l Bu' Pi-'iti',; vihen minecd
a? ur,:,- 1 c.:mE'iartlrely batermitls:. anj.
mai_'or peri,-os in any quanit'iyv they w-tuldd
t, j.r-i t ri r.' ;U- irn ilii l 1 nc 1a ct 6
Pi.:i.r.j, r-t "Ohdr *n a h'e n'ati.r and
aprii.l tr: .ririidi p" c:.r rar 5y iUage
O'.r ib,ik ir.: 'il b ',ic- id TU.d effc- lr'.
K r i- It .til- i rrA ,,p '!ihi -, au -i .'- ;- P< .i.iJ Ci'-
I uii i',nR'tit -l and Scorek,',p"ers i.r- .. "2t, & & .
E. S WELL.,. c'.emnt. j-i'-o-y 1;ry. N J.

E i'.BILIS,c. z.. A. A. 5ui:CILiU Arhit'-u e

Architects & Civil Enitloors,
S lais for
P 0. ox 7-. Rooms 7 and t Palmetto Block
Bay Sir.et.

Bees and Queens.
Orders will be booked now for delivery dur-
ing April, May-or June, of my [superior race

Italian Boos andl- o .
Queens by mail a specialty.
Give me a trial order
For prices or otherr Iniironontio. addl'ess
"H. C. HART,-.
Enslis, Orange Co., Fria.

Job PripItip9

A t, neat w .:. uiinlerstantis [he ri-erin and
kipimot ofg garden truck and fruit. to eidirvaite
a i:'irge farm ani orange groves on suares Best
.r' ajuin'ri,:'Ik I:'n,1 :,n n:l anou l' roaulit or
ai,,,lt E i'",'.. oi 01 anger A Emar with twoor trrrec
':.., rgi e nofigi and. rn)t afraid to w.rk can
reii'rof .i rare cihan.i b ailicar-iib i[0 the LLn-
ilii'n'iL.-r., A.t Mat etee,'FVia.
Ri, itr.:i,? reiuLed'l J. H. VISER.

Faucy Poultry a Huntig Dogs,
Eggs For Hatchiiirg From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticate'l Land
and. Water Fowl.,

.l,-:. : Tl:-r-..ighi..r.-d Young S tSc rs arid ':'iLD'lis.
Al.ire:6 VILLA ZAsza POUT-TSt YaIRtiS,
Maa'tce. F.i.

S.eai l'r .:id'a:lr. CutrOulir i:c.ItFLn a borlt
history oi Pea.hi Culrure in Florida, and hints
AXrebel, Fla,


,'ii., 4 rahncce, L-.mon ard other valerienr!of
the CE' [ru Ltr.itly arid other iruits Lhuted t,) thli
'cimace. tlI.:k ;n the bteai oftcndior, for large
,',ldtrs.. C'oiir _pond-n r. solti ited N,: charge
for jckiLng aDo3 sniptrMg. Cataiorue f ree.
Paiatka. Fla.



0 -0 kNt j fl4Q Always ask for Dr. Pierce's Pellets, or Little
0 0 0 Sugar-coated Granules or Pills.

BEING ENTIRELY VEGETABLE, Dr. Pierce's Pellets operate without disturbance to the system,
diet, or occupation. Put up in glass vials, hermetically sealed. Always fresh and reliable. As a
LAXATIVE, ALTERATIVE, or PURGATIVE, these little Pellets give the most perfect satisfaction.


, J Bilions Headache, Dizziness, Con-
sI I lpaionl, I[nndigesl on, Bilious
T-/-',4, Attacks, ana' al auerangemcna ":t tbe
Stomach and bowels, are promptly re-Lerve
f & "i ."- an-i Fprmannttly" eur-d hby tne U e of Dr.
., NP" Piirc,:F' PicnasUt Puru'ative Pellets. In cx-
Spiarat:,n of trem rimcilai power of thbee
Peu its cver great a vari:.ty of diseases,
it may truthfully be paid tat tbear act-Mon upon the system i
Sn*iv.-rsai. nt a iand or ti3ssue i sape their snatve influence.
Sr.ld by druggi6t. fur25centsa vii. lhanufactured at theCeem-
Buffalo, N. Y.



Dull, henvy headache, obstruction of the nasal passages, dis-.
charges falling from the bead into the throat, sometimes pro-
fuse. watery, and acrid, at others, thick, tenacious, mucous
purulent, bloody and putrid; the eyes are weak, watery, and
inflamed; there Is ringing in the ears. deafness, hacking' or
coughing to clear the throat. erpectoration of offensive matter,
together with scabs from ucecm; the voice Is changed and has
a nasal twang; the breath is offensive; smell and taste are im-
paired: there s i sensation of dizziness, with mental depression
. backing cough and general debility. However. uonlv a few of
the above-named symptoms are likely to be present in any one
case. Thousands of cases annually, without manifesting half of
the above symptoms, result in consumption, .and end in the
grave. No disease is so common, more deceptive and dangerous,
less understood, or more unsuccessfully treated by physicians.
By its mild, soothing, and healing properties,
Catarrh, "Gold In the Head," goryza, and Oatarrhal Headache.

r mE ceOXE, So OC.n..rrS*Mii(.

W n WILM RsAMnC, Esq..of Mindnii, KarutyCoulity,
Jill ItarW:a, wntcs: "I was troubled with boils for
UI thiarty years. Four years ago I was eo afflicted wmth
S them trua, I coud not waink. I bouniat two bottles
E of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Purgative Petlets. and took
one PeLet' aft-r each meaw, tid nil were gone. By
that nme I had Do bods, and have bad none since. I ave also
bt-n troubled witn s.ck headacnc. When I feel it coming on,
I take ona or two 'Pelieta,' and am rebeved of the headnohe."
I !1 blMrs. C. W. BnowN, of Tae"liakonefa, ONi,,.
THE BEST ays: "our 'Pleasant Purgative Peilet' are
Snthout question the best cathartic- ever
.T .RuTI'. Isold. They are also a most efficient remedy
I for torpor of the liver. We have used them
tb house all them nourfamily, and keep them in
thc house adl the time."


Prof. ,w..HAusiea. the famous mesmer.
lUNTOLDn AoIM I1st, of Ith a, F., writes: "Some ten
Chronic nasal catarrh Mfy pam yspW i-
FROM RRH.cian gave up as nrable and sad I
must de. My case was such a bad one,
that every day, towards sunse my voice would become so hoarse
I could barely speak ove a wIsper. In the morning my cough.
Ing and clearing of my throatwould almost strangle me. By the
use of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. In three months, I was a well
man, and the cure has been permanent."
S THoMAs J. BtEIN, Esq., 900 Pine Street,
DIOSTANllTmY SI St..,s8 Mo. writes: "1 was a great su-f.
iONSTANLY fI ger from catarrh for three years. At
UHulIHIBl AND times I could hardly breathe, and was con-
IAWkMNG Ani stantly hawking and spitting, and for the
Last ebt months could not breathe through
SrI uei l g. the nostrils. I thought nothing could be
Done for me. Luckily, I was'advised.to try
Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and. I. am now a .well man. I be.
evee if to be the only sure remedy for catarrh now manufao-
rured, and one'has only to give. It a fair trial to experience
astounding results.anda permanent cure.". ,
.EI-ROmmms, Runyan P. 0, (olumbia Co,
'THRE Pa., says: "My daughter hadcatarrh when
THREE OTL shea was five-years old, very,badly. I saw
gDr. Sge's Catarrh Remedy adve and
I A proc ed' a bottle for her and soon saw
-r thithelped,-her; -a.third' bottle effected
a permanent cure. She is now eighteen years old and sound -
and hearty."


* -ii'''
") -
-' ~ 'T t'j-.'~ea~..ua ""'








JL .L -L I -. .L,.atw .- ... _-=
I accepted these silent and smiling threats more. At last Bracknell glanced at his deit, he told us; but he had heard that a few years to be able to move to Staines.
Sa with a good deal of equ animity, for I watchand pitched away the endofis there was but four killed tight, and Court, which is at present shut up. In
Really did not see how it was in her power cigar didn't see no reason to fear as his lordship the meantime he is very well satisfied
to do me any harm; but of course it was "Ah, welln" he said, "it has been very was one of them. I with his less pretentious abode; and in- ,
INGENIOUS CONTRIVANCES O THREE ETON BOYS, open to her to inflict vicarious trouble jolly, seeing you.fellows again; but my I hardly know why both Jim and I deed, if a man were to be condemned -to
INOT IV C FO THRE ETON BOYS upon me, while at the same time serving time's- up now and i must go and say should have formed an opposite opinion, live in the country from year's end to
FEEDING SWINE. N I. Lady M ildred, whom she hated, an ill goodbye to the governor and Mildred. I We did not communicate it to each other year's end, I.don't know that he could
FEEDNG--WINE W. ~^ E.NRRS7Ld Mildred, whom she hated, an ill I0^ 018^ inedwsarlypoeao rd during s end a Le dn~t, pkncw tha hie coulda
SBY W. E. NORIS. turn, and the stone which she ultimately, shall have to get back to LondonI this -indeed we scarcely spoke a word during find a pieasanter place t live In than
One Estimate of the Relative Vale of picked up, wherewith to slay this brace of evening, so as to make an early start to- the half hour or sothat we spent rushing -El li rt, rh-ae I am per uadedo bat. he
One Estimate of the oelatv F odder Corn. CHAPTER XVII. birds, was one which lay, so to speak, at morrow. You mightwalk up, th me, through h the darkness in t ie tee of the wo rd arh in vaian for a iellw exile
A Brief History of the Wyandotter If Iwereasked to mention the man of her feet. It would have been very unlike Jim. Oh b io, by the way, y.i' can'ao, southeasterly gale which had risen since more amiable and charming than Lady.
A s ref iemy acquaintance whom I consider the her to overlook it; nor was I at all sur- though. "but.c:.,:,e l.:wsn to th,. tt ti-n am nightfall-but afterward we compared Bracknell.
s feMY a dciyna te whom I cond shiter the prised when Jim sought me one day, and -5 o'clock and-see the last of me, like & notes and found that -neither of us had' The other Lady Brac knell-tbe via-
Itwis least fitted, by nature and by habit, to informed me, withj*a very long face, that good-chap, will you?" .. had any hope from the first. Perhaps, as countess of that name-has quite recently
F OWI le st itte b nat re nd b hhis, t re mach wintio s h ad been deo ung fced, o J m p o i e that he1^ ^ 0 w, oul be there, far as 'ne of .us w as concerned. 'hope decided to put an end t o' all c -ufusirn of
It is about five years since the American impose-upon a child of average acuteness, his machinations lhad been denounced to ", Jim- promised that he would be-therefkr as oeof- .s'wag concerned. hope decided to put an end toall onfusi.uof
Poultry association admitted the fowl va- q should unhesitatingly name Jim Leigh. Lord Staines. and preti-elty Bracknell took my arm and 'would net hA ve been quite the ii:,t word identity between her eistcrir-law and
riously termed Eureka, Seabright, Cochin Yet such is the power of love, and so prone "it was Lady Bracknell's doing," he walked me off. toward.Staines Court.- I to use. A little ,oa,"r or a httl.e -later herself by changing her couit i,rn. Dor-
and American Seabright, to the standard are the best of us to listen to casuistical said. "It seems that she went to the old accompanied him very willingly', because death must come to'us all; .and -the fuo- ing the first few mwnthhs ct hr widow-
lure as poor Bracknell himself had .said hood she resided with her father ,-
as a variety sufficiently established to arguments, that he embarked upon the man and told him that she could not bear I was rather curious, I confess, to see a few hours before, had had but few touching spectacle to the neighborhood,
perpetuate the characteristics claimed for career of duplicity suggested to him by to see him hoodwinked, that she felt it What would happen if he encountered h possibilities .to offer himd .Yew as shi drove about wtthlowered eyeids,:
it as an individual. It was then given his friends with a readiness, not to say a her duty to open his eyes-and all that- Hilda; and, as luck would have it, when bri ght possibilities fouffer sient, stiffened- in as she drove about Whether aftlower a time she
the name of Wyandotte. "zest, of which he ought certainly to have and she opened his eyes. But I don't ,we were within a few yards of the house bodies we recognized the one of which we became barred with the respectful sym-
V?1b been incapable. That he and Lady Mil- think," added Jim pensively, looking that Ill used lady, in a neat walking dress, were in search, I bwn that my philosophy. pathy ,:.f the neighborhood or whether she
dred and Beauchamp wele actuated by down at the ground` and then .glancing came tripping down the steps., broke down, and that I was just as sorry found herself better off than bshe had an-
^So^ i*& ^^the best of good motives in behaving as quickly up at me for a moment-' I don't She nodded to Bracknell, without any asifthre had been no mitigating circum- tkicpated I do not know; hut she nioved'
p they did I don't deny; but, as a more or think that her sense of duty had much to manifestation of surprise. "Oh," said s thnces connected woitigah this s rt blotting i,,paewhtd I do not knly t Lon.ln,; but set upmove
le s mp rta"l okr.n,; et y-y m a- sa-o he m a te, she, I you have tur ned up at last. H ave stances connected, w ith this s v Iit bLo tt Einag som Ew hat suddenly it: Lon-hIn, set up '
V'f th iless veeringrud hlpawthdiletr, emre,"ogurtial looker on, sftmy.he, "you have turned up at last Have out of a life 'which was.still young and house there, discarded crape in favor of
'441 1-' .... lss impartial colooker o on,?"IT1felt my sympa--ray saybeto tthespmatter."os
.l \ I this veering round,: while I watched "I will venture," I remarked, "to go you come down to stay pale
,t them, to the side of .the, unsuspecting along with you as far as that; I don't "No," answered Bracknell, shortly, vigorous pale gray and began to dspene a hos-
Sold man who was completely tak-u in think her sense of duty had much to say have come down to say goodby to my io heart. He had always frloved terrible man, ready to avail themy people were founder s it
I 1 4. ol m a u 'b w i m p et -l 'T t akt o h e a r t H e h a d a lw a y s .-lo~v e d *th e m a u I r e a d y to a v a il th e m se lv e s R u m o r h a s it
.. C -t by their rmnrieuveis. Lord Staines, I be- to it. But perhaps;this is'of nogreat con- father.': I'm leaving for the Soudan to- ys admired him and antedto be- that, on recovering her frdom, she
... ive' oke uoehs-aghersenag.seunc. ht asben.tereulf oro." .- always admired, him and wanted, to be- that: on recovering her freedom, she
af' -~.. -- lieve,- looked upon his dauighter's-engagez sequence. What has, been.the result 0 morr.. _-.'.:-._ lieve in- him,' even when faith mist have made a de-per.te bid for the Beauchamp
S meant as being to all intents and purposes tLis timely intervention of hers."'" "Really.' How spirited of youl vWhen lievein himf a ith a e re r adrtE heid for the Beauchamp
-% a.n a shed e aot ase.'wiha Ialv How6spinted. been a little difficult,, and it was long. be- property and that the fortunate owner
S an accompished fact. He saw that she "Ob," answer Jim, with a slight will you be back, do you suppose fore-he recovered;from theshock of .that thereof met her advances by requesting
I -2 -" walked or rode every dayiwith. hc-r sup- sbrug of his whulders, "the result has "I'm sure I don't Know; never, perhaps. fatal night. To the present day lie cannot her in so many words to omit him from
I"ln- .- : osedlover; be di, not know that nasoon been that I have been turned' oAt of the Don't let me keep you standing t the ear any allion to t or, I must co- he list of her acquaintances; hut I do
pAiJR OF WEITE WTANDOTTES. : -- as they were out of sight of the louse they house. I c.ulin't expect anything else, cold." fess, Is It a subject upon which I myself not blie this story.' Hilda has expe-
While Itsorain isobscureit Is supposed were joined b y Jim, and that Boanchamp o,,uld I What annoys ma isi to think HilIda smiled and shrugged her shoal-es I aet. upo wuty, of course, r lence enough r 'thibe aware that pflirting-
to have been a cross of the Siver Span- then prompty hurried away to smoke a that I bavc d deserved It. Lord StaInes ders. "I am not much accustomed to being care ak the newf at, Stlad e Cours itn a marriedWoh-o aadepuslinger
tohr benamc.acsoe was to break the news at Staloes Cour~t- with a marired~wothatiand eepogusiti-her
Sled Hamburg and Dark Brahmas with cigar with me, thereby Interfering con- really behaved uncommonly well. He left out in the cold," she remarked. "No- and how we accomplished tbla I can after she has become a widow are two
probably some blood from tNe Cochin siderably with my daily labors. He seemed sent for me at once and told me that I body hbs ever yet succeeded in treating rely remember. very different things,,and it is not likely
family. It shows its composite origin by to be satisfied that all would now go wellU; had been accused by Lady Bracknell ofr me in that way, and I doubt whethar'yo-u scarcely remember. In -myThe' one thing thais th iso clear sigted, an observer would
prominent characteristics and sport. The but in truththe apathy which had fallen systeniatically deceiving both him and will succeed. I shallstay at'Stalnes Court ldstns ouk t horror hen m he r ael told 1 hae. watedtime and energy upon a for-
plumage is very attractive, being white, uponhim after his 'grandson's death was Beauchamp. He said he thought I ought until you retain." .' ild's look f'borror'when sb e wa told t ha o n d .e n nery uo at
heavily laced with black, especially over hardlyto be stirredby any event, great or to know what she asserted, though he "Shall you?"saidBraclinell. "Ishnld inhat mannerher husband had met his lorn hope- As a matter of fact, she has
the breast,the'tail'alone' being solid small. -;. .. -. himself didn't believe her, and wasstu-e think you would flidthaL rather dull death. him" he cried. ', dne f arbetter fr herself than she would
black. The. standard weights given for One event, for which he, and Indeed all that neither Mldred norI wouldtake al- wrk. However, you know best what ."I a'' seng himn shere won't look alre hae done by marrying Ble d to ucham p; to
.. .- h o y h r m t a g ~ tmr e .n t lc k a h so t s a o ri t' tf a Ue e ', 7adt oIh e al r ''-t he s
Wyandottes'are 81 -3pounds for the ma- ma-London, must hast ha-e ben fully prepared, vaute ,of Beau-champ's absec in ttie suits you.' Goovo e ,a_.Vby." ty nn h ee I lk anasngahookingI" sl. t 't l the ad t her"b the
tre cock arid 71-2 pounds for the hen.' tookplace at this time and created no, lit- way she described. Well, of course, she "'Goodby," returned Hilda. "Take anythlngshookLegl" a -' "-'" suchda idestso'of dke, and I heIr' tint
The Wvaikottli.s have. proven them- tie 'esciteruet in the nueigh.bo.rhool; for han't got It quite right; still, when be care of yourse-lf." '...'It' eltdtoemazng ir that at-suchac he ah rldegr6m'eidiv have' rceier
s helves jd)V- woth'o te earlyclatmsmado we'ed9 rnnot sui te"i ety jur als roment'the'womaii'9 first shoaghtehould her with marked cordiality. 'Her 'career,
selves worthy of; the early claims ,mado .-we;-dq,npt study,, the "society" journals put it in that way, I had to teLl him the' She'n.dded again as she turned away; have been to space herself; r out perhap's -soh far.has.,- i'mi has acone, may serve'a as a
for them and stand today aiong th best -muchin our parts, nor does the g:.'sip of truth. I nv fe it, o small lo in my life, and a o they parted, without so much as afterall, it Wod hve been more amaz- warning to.lmfyulsive yoang -menand as
of all purpose fowls for the farmer, :ftlheclubi reachus. Isay thatthe,hlnan- and I couldn't get hiim to understand why shaking hands. a ltg l hl, rst thought hav been anything .an encouragement tpl' he daughters of the
though they do not appear to hare inter- cial collapse of the Bracknell-establsh- B- champ should have assumed a false This hori dialogue hadtheeffectOf8 giher thoughtabeen anything an encouragement to-he daughters of the
fered with the popularity of the Brahmas ment. can have stirprised rno) one who had character. The endo cf it was that ha sent brings my companion, whose face wa else. clergy
and Plymouth oclks. .As table fowls lived in or near the fashi.niable world h for Mildred. It was very hard upon her, graye enough when he rang the bell andr Lord WStatheos twas in hbedwhen .- .
the Wyandottes are excellent, their flesh during the foregoing year or so; yet, if a; but she came out of it splen- asked for L.trd Statues. I waited'for him reached the house.. It was thought best .. .
being juicy, tender and delicate. As her statement was to' be believed, it fell dily. I must say that Mildred is"- in the drawing room while he went to bid that I shouldat once ell t l A Word 'b i -
sr c e theyhave provena first with all the. cruelty ro an unexpected "Oh, yes I know-au angel," I inter- farewell to lhis father and sister, and a 'not long be concealed, and he-listeon ed to.
s apringredhco rn theyfathe r d a b--- onWe .per .ith very little apparent'emotion. F e' The s. of the pctat i s'alaye r o? cork .'
rapidly. Thedhens are prolific lay- have thought, .should,_ have b-ne best erupted, rather rudely.. -I don't doubt it; long time I had to wait before ho reap- dme wihver tlear en 'eou ti He' Tce s,'and' wben injured Its'beyilsobyftcor
mr olye if I were It, your place, I think I opened, looking a ittle flushed and askniethd m ee r f I a e w Bid, a uih' B-e; andwe'sen formation f a new l thyer .of cork.. When -
Boneraaoteg. stiummnd perof her being a woman.F athed more o -death had been a painful one; ano, when. f or fanew l om cork.whn
ers being exceeded only by the Leghorns, aware of- itsimminence. La t oneven- -should profererbeing awc,'ma. Fiial rated.' I. repLiad--as,,ha.pply, I wahbletodo-- the tuber grows in water, or. in a wetsoil,
but the eggs produced are smallLin size-- ing, Hd,li, bringing with her a tupeR ailection 6 all ver; fine, hut it seems to o"Come on," be said, hurriedly; "we nae s

isa dchided d -rawanck whteru t.hes phcfe der- .du peize ,f _-."The, barriaeeey ule^.-~L.th ~a m;Man~~sant~df "y.-^t -ehvved atna^ trute om aln frmzrs.a
tined for market. -Court to c er, somewhat iraati- me chat, having made up her mind t to ha Iven't much morethan time to catch the that it must. have been instantanebus, h'i the cork layer thickens at various- points,
s-laele dh-teta we-B d rr enotac aaoo rau. radncing Rmanylittle.warts on the sur-
aderided drawback. when these are de. dondasfli c-fh ha "rarrithvedait ro S' upnther miday mutter, es -ele and eshhma t o proi
The original Wyandttes aorded a Cally, upon the protection of the head of marry yo'u, she ought to say so." 'ta." And whe we were ot in the m 'tispll. ows, looking straight' l rbeforesot.he su-
temptingfieldto thefaner which has the houe. I happened to he dining there "But, my dear fellow, that's exactly pa'k he drew a long breath. "Well, I'm his ken, weary eyes. i if an teadcay. if the excess of w r con-
twem awa i ngdf d t t lefneancer dJiinit o- h uglad 'hh" otre ameted th PintertSo there is a end and a finish of as," tinues for a considerable time decay sets
not been neglected,.as the white Wyan- and ritnaesed her Entry upon the scene, what she d I d," returned Jim. "There t oenl h eiedw or "iu w t sae neyes. at ofdcayr theex cso wkt cino
dotts wvth- theLir su'al rose combs-tstifi, u hid h was o 'f a nare uto mlt the hardest e was persuading o ol Sar ,eth e ar ou l;and I she a ve seehI ag n s t p "ma be io the d ischrea. ntife o thedese
Saving the-best white "sporis"-eachsea- heart. In a voice broken by emotion she a uehamp war t' d u e ter s, hw ond ahi ta Notm w:shIh etd py d maen s eand t so.in an bde the costrhead tfus of the dcntihes
son, and mating these, has resulted, in toldeher lamentable tale. She had-so,) she wanted her to promise that she wioulrgive been bettersonto'him. Not muchsI sensould t)th gobrackmene l l a dSunng b-eode dirs col re..I.a's.Iftetdecayente
one me up. That se refusedt)do,sotho ag that now, eher But Ido wish t, y l f o e to t sedr isa hea yaos ap n
somebeautifulspecimens.Ourcut is a asrd us-no l-nr a home; perhapsbesmidbeu Tatsveref bus atondoo then-- '.1.I suppose I shall have much'longer'to waits d saye-,and healthy parts and'the'potato
some beautiful specimens. 0 -1 iasre --noI:nerahm; ehp now. -W'hen.my poor boy and. -1 !parted i .ca y" Fh .e ;.thrfr,
'fair reprentaon of a pair of white even she had no 1,)n.-cr a husband; for to he Somaid he was very rry, but that, under a same. bony a l' liT etr ulireror
Wyandottes.. Bracknll's whereabuts she was unable the circumstances, be mast forbid me his .". 'madetsomestupid conwentia speech, t.ne that It was fA1' fm
-tM- B e wr o sh w unable i 16"which Bracknell replied,. "Oh, -he'sthetwea.sh suss e table roui
t l A tto ba n a"lew. nt'anybodyatoansuee. I :udn't'tmplainOf that. ohe las I 'time, and I'm glad he came to'se wet d ol l or wet weather. Stable m'aure
n Diso t ed Bone, Wiipt, n plaice. after pay icng a roLnd of said I was rry s torry, too, whch was true eking up fast,'anybedy can se that 'me-i. s 'm ergla came. to seme.mayIncrease the moisturead caise- the

Disolved Boecn o ontasn W ilto or p lath e afte puhasying waF h ce ee, t, a evrd s m tiot-ru d pr vienf Of c urse v^ i e nsy _o fr to I o i pl .^ I
Bones contain about half their weight is its, she had found the minons of' the enough. I shouldn't have minded si muchg and bh e knows' It himself. Besides, 'It v'ssInd er a glade at pae.top me. in ays 'the s ,wit.h aore tof

Brmil- one 31-preto m-i. that -er fte-n-la wo- _eomn utnr,"s L-7, wetn: i as rater^,^, m ore o~d Liey and yor tha the I shall.-. gi;, he-Sohnmehdcra ndv e insects,, bywond
of phosphate of lime; the other half con- I awin pooseasiat, and her personal prop- if he hal fl n.m Into a rage; but he was rather more li kely than not that I shal bew a sne at sg bee hes co at a, I'fn o p
sislts chiey organic m matter --T phos -. erty seized. -'They have taken- every- quite quiet ie there t ime, .and I'm afraid hel m ta en i g h h a Lays lde ha d m at o -

ad ereomneorbsod in- the ing-everytindgo ol" she cri fred. "Een-a tatg~o dreal hurt,- pior od capotti Mi]rt.- von ae esns e"od me,-a-sd tIa sh''Iidi o.'W ely mayghavonen tyour falt, ar -h courkalBayerma 'Ineaser' the
p satehofdmw reabonesisJwhaty a n e oad hInt u' I don't think. we have ever been hac- 'trouble: Some saline fertilizers ',may

pbate o lmore ch boespl 'swan i o ed eflien- Sth~ingeesCrL;th l sh laried "oEveu ne rved say he-t. e.: Is g cc,:.u fdgtyabut dot linveees b e ^den pretty gell sick bjc m ta ofeon-h Ufae for-. '^^ l^ grlowtho fungi -culetic 6
solnble phosphate--that is to ay acoM- my Bible and Prayer Book are in their red says hes getting fgey about o. I've bee pretty well sick Life for cg ed of wanting pluck. Brackue will hinder, the o -et r
bination of p sphoric acid with as much andel" Bracknl-l, too. They haven't a word from ,some' time past, and if' I 'could' make a akhims g ple ard of. out there w yo h Station Report. Ir'e t t-
lime as it can unite'with. One-third ot At this an unfeeling member of her tim, and the lawyers wrote the other day sresh start-However, I can't make.a rbake himslfear'lout theremy 'la..-Sta.tio ReporIt ,. ; P." -.
two-thirds of the lime can, h ower, be 'small audience had the bad manner to to a y that he ad put his aairs into their fesh start; and as for iving with my see. I wts' a itt le vexed with him at 'e, 'i 5 pr ,.
taken away and still leave defdnite corm- laugh; but she treated this interruption hanis, and that he spoke of leaving Eng- wile again, I'd sooner go into penal se- d roi andlevnInt 'ma 'withRtelbreeds.of, cows,
pounds. When two-thirds of the tne with tlhe o- tempt, that it de served, and land I w,:ndr were he is and what, he t-ude. Upon my word, I think she' the gave me t.reawons, heand e i e B. Iof e. believe he Was I .oC ,
has been taken' away the compound went on to enlarge upon the priiabla Is going to dot"',camse ,r na wd womaveseen afairiev.nerarsgh.fI ish hedidn'tshaters wriingletbP.f itesaorBrowen, ofth Ontarino Cean.
formed is so-luble in water, rand is called plght in which s he fund beeif. she Hardly were the words out of his mouth came- acr,:.'sl-and I have seen a faih us all about him, nIshou a'h." I to' Ivaa of the ml' cream, n t.or c heese
soluble phosphbate of lime. In dissolving had nothing left but the clothes she stood when the door of my study, where we numbr of women who are commonly hs wa y the ol' atdeh o made by them, the' follow .ng oncliii'sn
ones it. is found that if enough of acids is up in-tholse suit a few others which she were sitting, was flung open, and in called wicked." In this way t e M old'rcinso ftyn terrawnfrononrsi 1te obthib(d :The
added to convert all the phosphates in the had taken- with hier to the country. Not walked Bracknell himself. He marched It was n o a either my busIness nor my in- ah ha P d U r slae i, alr eadato ea.. a..a .-o re

slblne formete a wvntles bdis olnn .h urgent bsies o'tvnnw h tbraight und tio Jiaid B at hracned eac fclin atont tk upb ^ the ocudelson HLIe dbutIhv ogten H.prmedtatfecv. d,*uh'ceprmscl
soluble form the whole is cnverted into a -ord f warning, not a single dirt- straight up to Jim, laid a hand on each of clnatlon to take upthe e h e the cudgels on H- rm and made me asg leave him. I Jersey Ios fatr proucerol crde st.
a liquid mass, which refuses to dry up tbionu;rsuc-es--n hbad been ruchsafed to his shoulders, and said: "Well, you day'ss behalf, but I sa, "You won't, make doubt whether he ever d uly reaized wha o r of butter, with theAyrshire grt dene.
and is unfit as manure. This is owing to her. After bein neglected for years, she soleni old Jim, so you're going to d ar her ay bettr by deserting her, wi Brackne 's fewdatehadlkee Duringreat. deale s the sold raor cheese t 1 if th-.mil d
thhe v rg r A tter in the h bones.a a Thereg rea f- dall abutbsso doto e se e s ist o e a ms and u ,u you,
terac at ir was finally abandonedi"Andnow," she your ovin way at last, are you'.b'-u "Nor any worse," returned Bracknell. about his sn, sometimes speaking of hius the,. Devon. ranks, next.for. 'th cheese

p h i -- S h e ll, T abte ~ a o e e w n e p n o n o b o d b y f r m t er gt a t e e no u g h e n t o g e t ,ared o f m e s t l dal l v m t i' m -3asd h a vi n g b e .-o o ; ; *.--r- j r 0 c l o s e
is, therefore, a practical limit set to the concluded, in a tragic tone, "what am I tinme, to. I saw Besuchamp in town, ei, a I in hn buta h e d d o* reand the a t .. w.
proportion of soluble phosphate which to do:-" yesterday, and he told me that it was all She' eglad enough to get d of me as still alive sometime hdi a d rising beoea m ker, and the shorthorn a.e l

Welsh'.''1~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ .." atrtai .aos .dutls .hr sn ..ncls so rut mays bsa x ''d ihhsiaiiyt'icag ~e" e sfortue, had shape wned, hand 'y ...r-.en-oiius n.whc 'e at J' The fotthevarity theoweqie s Bafooan p erod
dissolved boeis can contain. As a rule, "I should think," answered Lord rigt between you and MildrE d. I'm you may eSuread she won't havet
in the case of pure dissolved b,:,ns not Staines, rather peevishly, "that you had heartily glad f it.". much to complanof for when I. come to fix hi m ud upon ant subject nIn for i a'retian eoowi f e r
more thau half the phosphate is present in better go a'rid wash your hands and face, It waste voice ,f the Brackunell of ot it the prierto, if I ever do coma nte than a few minute s a a timeand o often nearly in proportions to her e wetgrte
the~i solublee forllahafailed to'srecagnze those about, him. (ins -would' also serve anothrpit'o h
the soluble form. According to Dr. it- and then hare some dinner." school days that spoke, and indeed when i cat, she shal have the 'on's shatoe of my failed to rcy or e taoe taot hi.ol. y ansd t heA r pi nfro th d e
kin, highh English authority, pure dis- The advice was more practical than I looked at him it seemed to me that is, tIcme. a. I must pay offBeauehamp too for nately, recurred to his me .- Jcsyan rse y. hi th g
solved bonec cannot contain much, more smpathet, but uc as it was she acted ees, to, had reo:-ere' something of cimebow or other: I say, Maynarpd, d bry, ad his performance a of it was. I be-' weights yet the mest produictive,the one
than 20 per cent. soluble phosphate and upon t. Se may have had sum- nd fear their old boojr h light. "Give me a cigar, you believe in Provildeance, Of coursab lie, an immiense comfort to two'aimple in weight of'milk and amount of cheesee

i t c v e r e d u r n g t e p r c e s s S t a i n t L a y B r c k n e w a a n o y e d o r r u e v e .1 f ll h e n o u -oae o t h n k o i t i s h e y o c o ld o i o h a d o c c u r edy owu 'h eeitehn d s o rb a o nyf rB rcsn Ucw-c h l ai.t rn 1 led s'an dd e o ne 'b.t 'u sl ype o p le .'
from ,2 1-2 to 3 1-2 per cent. of atslyonia. that her father-in-law would rec-toanend Maynard," said he. seating hise-liatribe oe though; wonu're thesandOrtyourf respect hermindedand concienciy, hesadple h made therefroma ad va- e' the"b.'ther' in. o.un of.
snlphurous acid is a wasteful proess,.no)rt was certain what I child bate done in together, we three; it's.qute on the cards Ii-rorught y-Uilup well. Isoen thnk caused Jim Leighto be d'sUmuone, anda '. '' Wen 'to Cut-' '. .

Be lvdiwams th at "terds, lthree_ pfounes of h| to3 in stom btt:,e respets t o-arp nn"inh upon pu hmeleh.. uaaou isweha"ae ln; Idcu wteo oslellI'agherh'B era'vehv beaIheitic Te.Slyemvl hour-"Inoo
to be recommended, for by ,o" doing the his pace, andu no dnubt. she preferrel re- that we may u-or;r sreud another hmo t kProvidence Fmayhare take pooralittdehi take; a M 's hand '' WenM 'tc oer -
bones are degraded to the level of mineral mining where she was to seeking that gather; for i'm I ff to t he Suan to fight Sunng aray for very good reasons. He "toild me that I might consent to yeour Farm Journal sas: "Whether for soil-
Sphas whic ,i-ueu ths bc wouldn't have had your advantages, youI'marriage without liss of, honor. I 'had i ng,,saoing or during for winter uise, t'is
phosphates, which n 'upply sb.lule phoq- refug-e tbo'e folack beggars, whoc-.-em afl.,e tiee r." I.. I t 1 Wei a eentcorn b- Bro,1 a ss ates to' c fodder .corn toosoon.
phaties more cheaply and more efficient Staes Court is a large house, but one give pretty go-'-:.d 'ncc:uut ,f te inmelves. Then he suddenly chnged tha' subject me that so rame aone-te other l man" Whi e in bloom It ner taorins butA3 pern
than bones. If- soluble phosphate is of its temporary inmates decided without. We haven't alr-ays bacen quite as goold' e and talked abut theEng ptian campaign' "Mr. ea siugested.ad myn a cent. I f:sole idnd batter eans bthe-e'ar are
wanted fo a crrp, t bn the c heapest form delay that. rit was uot large enough t.o con- friends i'Ls x e n, -w.ere, but 1 te a the E that am p i geenn MldredB gental, whapu her fate tLadyr cam ed and'o "te hen tegi-\eyar ar

wanyted s hot. a s cr p ract cablhe wiheap w ie -| tnirst he fa er n-a ,a cU s ilari ;"teg vrc wlco e o un ti .we reah e d, th.' r e g s ati n, ,w gher w -ew rb aet ak c arg 6(toa fbired,b eI a nd ','th pied,kerel -beginning .to
no b .a 'a W in e m ic-a o pag aftse.' :' de t z It -bas a- attained'2y per ce n o ti o
of sup *rph ,-sp hate is th e best thin g to sap- t o w a rd L 'd y a 1B -a k nell at the c am e m y fault, Find as I'm goin ga a m i yh n doo,-, ai r ed Itus e. t t e o b e" '.t ',h as at a e" ; ny .,B f
ply. f- bns'are.wanted fr the crop or time. 'I shll be off the first thing to- perhaps you'll t forgive and fo--rgvtt, eb, tound Jim.waitinig for us. e, ,p. iolld '"I
.watdf6. rtie .IBachm,'' ys- .-.1
-dm r s AgThe traine odahe d catas ophe ater- ..... Be a p y s --Beand th ep, .. yo g s'.feo iI-r ids.:"' '- I- -,. ..... .. .
the hind" then mhe.ynarurar' bone i. inely morw morning," Beauchamp i no r med J The train dashed In immediately. af y I Bhdaea p Is smo ey i
ground,11i'thece st for'of aplica- e in cufidone, after he d beat apre- Jim silently stretched,'ou.t his bi brown ward, so thatc..u leave taking was a brief e In s hi m ey w.' .. .. ....
tion. If bth are wanted both should be cipitae r-treat from'the &awing room, h ainir-'hilh the othr to-ok; and then I ne. I remember that Bracknell's last:'to Beaubhamp, and I can't atten'd to busi -,1 --eap. 1ssit,.
applied separately, but to attempt to corn- taking me .with.hirn. "'Called away on produce-.i my best cigars and rang for wrrds were: "Goodby, old Jim; don't.. n s now; but,'t6u will see that bhe-i re- ",-L. L, Tod; of-Orange, Na"J.,, finds a
bine t hesc e iid viiit am b-ers r'- forget rui it I oe *t w bd taon the head paid. j ,B ack uiell d plibeed It all to m e, w eak solu tion of .L btidon p purple a m ore
hine these da~tvages, by'dissolving the urgent business, don't .ou'know. ihat braudy and soda.' But Bracknell declined tdrgetr.me if I get knocked, d buti I ,harea'forhgotten. He. promised that- effective d 'muIh' cheaper.insecticide

bones risto ^ effectl^^ trrree wat my.oms'ra Idy .ha oute."anted I-to I~ar fo,-and.' eve^.s ha
bonesistoeffectaaomproms'thatisnot woman has brass enough for anything, that refreshment. .. ot.he"the money.-should bhepaid,.though:". .., than any otheriknown to .horticulturists.
economical. Itis really in effect to s-pol but I'lli be hahed fl can trust myself to '"Nodrink,.thank<'.said he,'. wilhah CHAPTER XVIII I--"Itshall he-paid, papa," said Lady MU-.-Lodon purple is- the residuumof color-
good honesand to make porsuperphos- speak tb r 1Er." i ".laugh. ".I've given up drink and carda_ .,. ..
phst '- I. '. .Bea-uca' mp who, as I have already and -everytbing else that ought to be gir. I ..as dining up .. stairs with ,my '. d-' '- e ng eorks 4aany p S 4.w ex c qmmaea-n to yalue
.. V M -eening-' we'ou glI' Tbhak yon,'my'.4ear. 'You-have been 'or'-any purpose e3 'i'diathi 6toineots.
M E'. .a : a a wgoo d yaogod bo rumotheretreat evening wr,, ag
Treasu ry.epr nrW hlas!. owmertioned,-'had latterlv favored me With enup, and I'm going to 'a g"ood boy for moterthat' 'aeenood daghter-h'an1d youwall be a"g'od -'' .' I .'t"i"".'-; r-
trssr awht a go deal of hi coipdrivy, had, in the the fture." tacttum a n to say tat r.Leig wife. I wih you,al hppiness." rat Far.e-s 'O u t' Knw.
One:of.'tihe bt recipe. course of attn-conversations, takenoceca- 't He was in wonderfully high-spirits. 'He was at the doo In his dog cart., aud wished' ". These wer the last intelligihle ,wprds' "pji peet'6o the";J e'HoikA-
'" "' He lid Wi .I1.. ., ,.asg .P ,Thei r o ,he ewJreHr
wash'is that called 'Wht oue white- aon to express ns.opinion of Lady Brack- told us how hie had distbdgaedall.hisdebts tosak.o mT.I '- -' .thbat he sald. R e: on ,for, e curM society i,,a t the umpr.I'M
was 'and Tr'asury'Depfrtument white- ne!U in .the most unequivocal tertus.' of honor iwbich may hare-had something nrab dwn' stairs, feeling Thre that'. days afterthis, but soon sunk Into' stat'-'s' -
wash t latter name arose'do btless There is-noiconoclastsoruthlessasanex- t.,.,oowith his-inability t~o'dischai-ge th.e "sme. -m sfortdtne had heappeed,,and iayy.of-seml-consciousness ;hch a .a on iot.~ vbgrotin,4o e xcee~d prdedt
from the tact that. it ts the recipe seat out -devotee;--and,-inoVed,-it must be very un- other-si; how, bu orldng has -Interst, mi fears wdrt-'c nfirttd whtn 'I s tepp'ed outh' passed quietly away..-My motner says -no :'iv'ehb s&&i ftult'ill di .4' frbm
by the "iughth~n e board ot the treasury pl:asaa' to discdver'th'at'n ,woman whom high quarters, he had managed to get~ap- Into the windy night and Jim, stioping did his duty accordIng" to' hle '.'lights~i'aud "l'ldl'dhida. iL i.. I,,.r.' .........
department. It. has. been found. .by ex- you have 'lbeen disposedl toworship has pomnted to siei'uer, r.c~rpP5,-- h.thfr it' do~wn~oV;r the aleamfug lamPso'df-the dog j wm'~bejudge-d'bythat'standar;.. .and...p.r-'I -' eat- i--Ion market I arden
p e n i e n ce. t oi a n s w e r'. o n w o o d _, b ii ck. a n d n ot ,n l y m a d e a 'f o o l o f y ou'- b u t d o ne. h e r w a s_ t h e m o u n t e d i n af a a t r y ] o r .t h e d s-. c a r t1 s ai d:. q I 'w a t y o u '.~ t o c o me. u p t o : h a pt J.. m a y l a4 ta o ~ e d. t h at; 'I'. t i'. ... ae "~eT-'l t ;p ,e anln gPos Ot' -rae g yuev.2erL--
s ~to n e n le a t l y a s w e l l a s o il p a in t au d 'is o f b e s t ex o n d m u r d e r y u i n o t h e b a r o u d c a a r v o r t h e c a m e l m r n ,I t h e t t o i h m H r y t~h e r e 's -b e e n b etn a s e d ~ s o p a .~ ha-l t, ibe o d '9 t he,. Q ' p p . c ,t-m ol'5 o4d yan ~ r -
coursm muh- chapeg tortb. yo-iu~ mouned Cl'alf marines tatin wih me, Haryg stnce he roshnodowshh Itya,. ericnWeedlingC .m" 9 pPflg
bushel 'uc-f imea wmirt boilngatke epking- SohBaih.mp.to wng canet recoluect--and .how he wast looking 'an acdentto the express" '.. reasonable limits. l*'-i .i- ladastb fcp, ' 'an-.,sf(tws.Xa'aeties
b u sh l of li m e wi t b oi n g w t e r k es p g S =B e n e h n p t o k ~ and:-u -bw e t- h er to r wa rc l l o a n o t-Is fig h t; w hi c h a fte r H e h a d heiird n o p a rtic u la rs, o n ly I-ha t -'-H.. i tit l s;w e d w ith h im e x c e p t- th a ti 0l ^ ''o f w rl..n_ '" i -^d 4- k
it covered during the process. Strain it Lady Brnockneol was annoyed or rehasnexl afd whe n youeome to think of it sthe a1collision batL'bccuiared'down the Ikieand'i the barony of Brackneli, which 'Iiofhant n' Ptfr,.QrI'oO'.i,'
from' -.th.eL dy .' . .. .-....I ,, d ft

off and add a tpeckf salt prev-iously dis- tby hs flight' I cabnc t venture to say. v he very best- use that a huling nrute likeme- that a great, many lives were- believed to diebt crehdat' abd wbh h-hasiass "to his ,-, a i.t.-n, ...p. r.-.'
solved in 'warm water, three pounds of was in some respects.' so-sharp anif in c'an put blinseif to."'. But~ahout his wife have beenIret. "I 'coul'dn't'go to sleep; I'd~fu~later"1Byhbid'lobha$e~ed rinherited -The- Soutbei'n P~lanterl-iof 'Richmond,
igt 'alx~ w- I t~pd u pssduidaln.-ymthough sil]~ays-hv'y a.ide5no-t .?k tat-"ne"besInjr

.ground rice p*eLiousy-boiled in water r to -i others o oddly inscensble hast, for anoht he atd never a word; nor did.either Jim not. kcow-'Lg whether Bracknvetedeoittnire 'sai.'Besdeh y encuber .ed llobthul. eti 'i" eiaeaot i .aF er.oni odbm.ccrd
"~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ Int thihen ewie-ndypun ofpodeedt arid Jim -a .:i[ bre-fatere hr--d I hritsbinduotadyer-amheorreaihnga'.,- tod-, hi&ayb enumerl.s-,dobt d' ,coert-- ,raes&.ihe-r ..arI r ...,1,1;....-e.

d hun-vhe'sItnbday''w.ihenrvi'mieudtepex-.enbai-e hind, e-I.',- 'aag en,"-.....-i ,"hptay wleth :i
-ens ingredents-ogether and let stand-for was hardly tvaobe ecteld tha her laiy '(oint-to, witho ut speculying the origin of I Agreed that anything washetterthan .im's marriage was av-e affair '*"deU.knqwfi Atsety b'&sA *'hhat
-several-days. '-K ecpI the washh thus'pre- ship'ss humor should" ha of 'the h~est cit such this idetree- of banishafeat. -'. suspense, -end hating sent 'a message tbeh nle'brt .n"4-In deedp -mourn~ng at thd-'. is claimed' 'tobe a' eross bevwe~na -' 'pluhm
par ed in a kettle or boder,,and when osed atim e ."and from the as~idnity -of ben- t- "Oh, -that'll be all right," Brackne Ul' to m y m other to the effect that I:w as .,Llm -- for -fatberand', -,ther "u Lant dy and'a "'P..e hl' ':' ,.td tril.'r- e..pxw,..n',
-applyit. ashot- as ptacticablewithawhite- ttentionis to her father-n-law, ns wed as -mlaId rily; "'the'govern d, rlll come round going--home with--'lMr. Leigh and might' wca,"me o'toake charge of thaj 'T-q.be llt''k~i~ '. ~ ~ " a
wash brush. '. .. .. tfon- 'tcE& estfem e am iability which she if y011tgive him time. No t~hai the pen not be back, before, m orning,-.gol into-.he -'orp a'ha '"aften Lord Stalnes', death, cnl$ ,f~ a ,,' ~ ~ nV~
:' En th -Vey :. displayed toward"'- Lady Mid're' I telt ba. goa' through Be-auch.amp's tame, dogcart; .though I hadome 'doubtsas to .ldered itud desirable that, thbe .ceremonY1be' '',.'Iy-1
A-noted-viay .ds set his vine 6 prettyv sure -tihat, 'ser he~trt war! tall .of there a nothing but you in the race that I whether-we-should be- able-to Tproceed to sho ..i.d be ^ too. lo gp stponed; sogood ,Mri'' flb4etit&'ihtSret .dt'b6taakh 9Itien' ad~l-
--.- :'- '- ," g--x--,; ,-I I -- I~ -- ..6. t ; n-_ :. I ; .,, A ,,. -IUU 6, U U u 11uu cI that, 4 4L t '... ' ng' *" ,ji r;e, ar':- ne

"fe.t, d7 ~y gr. w thins. to .', uses: nursing-nd -bhtter'ness. Also, althouh .can i.' .' not '. ..the scen'eiofthe catastrophe.. .... : Tamer tied th~e knot, and the 'young ".catio~h"lotr tl~e'-me .tbPio~fe4'. C."'A.
lee~ ano .__~py~ro.. to o, se ...th-hossh' as ii nough lb me But, hbd'nt seem disposedt to dweLl oeewo orahdteTiwa._...-:- -^ ,l, conlhElnb"st'dve5 '1G(dsswa'Ld o;.i.
- hebem ca. fer tiz rs ~x'.esl siv upony th 'ew holr~d hm 'wwi t cvloo every now aud upon the subject, nor, .-i deed, upoci ahy It Hoe ve rd wh et t vserea.co hed 'the a-o allcw ay hive bee. 'n whinh I d r aa g-"v -- "''" at -"rp tor ~~ e.-'- -2 '" - t
-- bae..tcuycent..mber eariy.Aou.sta~el~et Ih~en'--w'hich I" understood tomean, '"Wami other that was'connected with the pre--n u htsoe Tr tesen.n ht cr. LodSanswks a great d',',lt-oes othe- it;)'.hp. '0.9 -On~~g '-"q-''=
It" -- lie..... wek "'efi' 'ifn......... d a- little Ioager,-my fri1end. 'I aveuilfr C a fftfire. It was ..a..d..'mn-I ou p..... fv-. th.world an tJ 'agreeable tos both of-them, but -vx. i.- ,qd o eob~. of' I nd" .
it 1e: hre we ks et, "trm m gotte o...r .......y intrfeenc with my days that' he. wanted. 'to t~alk, and ver, v.hfmaelf erjoys'a certain ,on'i ertih so m sm e. that tb- p det. of;*',:'h b. T~ow senl~ t oZ..t p.Qb_.a, .$ erlt. 1wa...zl
Sthen saws iuto -tQ :3 Lute' =e'a i~ got o"0.~ u ~ e w t ... ,, O ..; .. .' -A z. _L 01101! .: . ,f~ w e , e u o m~ r a
fea....lc.'iexadynios schemes and I-mesa. to-beteyen with you. soon J ndh-were chuckling ove"r th. -ta hetto mate,'n heain u eth'; tjd:'to' his wife haauandeado-bee-lnb
fet ong,-w ie -.tadyiba ---- ---- ---- -------. .-" ." .em ii'f ma'n abygobeesta ade 'as If, -trn.a' due-lcd -negn-a o 'n -h t.-b p sl h.c u e le ct11 de p sies t ...... .
... ..-. .. -..-- The. ........pp d~ 'coa yet th .. emvy 0 .ci cc. o ug, tapo. .ierond. a to n eoep a ed ,n e,'v ery .acl u -in'sa eh u sin t e u s o _,. ^.. .. .: ,
-year. '~ o~om~rg' lp '.LI.'~q4 .^ o was ,,C .....a dl 'a be sholbystg'thr hic isr----.,Ithd'ee av.Tba *c- t:' ---',. .,;,' .. : h.."oa '..y-q.P,r r.-

,gJa4Cdiam+ of the globe." Such opinions, coming oak, stoekberry, black walnut and ,:edar. '--- .BunTTmE-Oreamery 20c; Extra *Daiy 17c;
9 D~~~~airy15 I. I e f- cI
from one with such an established repu- THE BAIBOAD .iDiO-- .ENI). The following table, compiled from the records APPLMs--New York, $2o753 50 per I.I' *^^ *,,, .I
nation on ,the various phases of the In addition to this; the passengerdblpart- Sickle Pears $6 75 per.barrel; BaLt tit- VPe'ars .,
il I T.,S. Townsend, represents the temperature, con-" $5 00per barrel, 83 00 per half barrel. .+ _
State News in Brief. sugar industry, is most cheering encour- ment of the South Florida Rall'.,,aI C.m- dIIllonoweaher, rallad 5iWind Delaware Grapes, T5c per found. I -
--Lake City ships'O0 pounds of hides agement, anid-will be of vast benefit to us pany sends 10;000 pamphlets, descriptive of for the month .of.October, as, observed at the TamaicaBananas $2 5Q 0 per'bunch
per week. when his popular journal lays these facts South Florida, its.- towns, railways and Jacksonville station during thlb past 15 years : I B I 5 0 e b
/-bKey West has a negress for inspec- before thesu gar plats and, prodcS n steamshpontions. The land TEMP. I I I- Ionneeens w eneand'lpa"I- Reale I, )IU;
of Th w.w- i ...... ' +"+'. ment of the South Florida Rai'oad -,has had TEMP. WEATHEOR. h olwn uttosaeaeu e
-rey o estohs. a nne o l;. Signor Doe will issued a new sectional map of Eastern and -- -. ..-.. &-,- vised forWednesdayi s and Saturday's paper .
tress of customs. here again on his return from New Or- Southern Florida, which ,,--s.th- 1,-,,:,,- I A s. .; i = %from quotations furnished by dealers ithe t h -- -r- .-. u
lation of 7,000. scientific mission in the interest of the ties correctly defined, aI:s& ,--r, g the F "s 'd 01 9 S 4'v N ew, York Cabbage wholesale at $2 50@8 00 I'll II I w I: -
-The sponge business is picking up at sugar industry of Cuba, when we shall lads f.r sale by this depat'tmnt .. I the i-U'r .. perrlnotatoes wholesaleeat 50c per oushel ,L (-
Apalachicola. endeavor to glean from him additional Plant ..t.. t..,..thc, w.th descrnptiye ---!-- -- -- _- ana retail at2fcperpeck. .e |+
-Marianna is next with a big hotel. particulars on this important subject. which1: I y h s f s &n eJitiou 187 8 40 66 0 ." -
The contract will soon be let. of 20,000 has been ordered for distributic- 1874 86 49 69 14 18 4 .10 NE doie 6, aud redial at.A) cento. |! _. ." I +
7t the Piedmont Exhibition 1875 86 4 66 12 11 8 4.49 NE Boi-.)n umi r.:.w[At sqiu u.:-6 wholesale. at ; S ;.'_
--Apalachicola'scanning establish- FLORIDA AT ATLANTA. 1876 83 4 66 14, 1 31 .. II gI rarel, a reta a-, eu pr --,,
ment is rapidly nearing completion. +. I 0 .1." .+ 1877 85 50 72 10 12 9 6.75 NE p.,,u 1-1 I I.I_ K I I4'I+-..+/1
+ ,, ,<. + 1878 85 46 69 11 14 6 3.81' NE 14 ew,'York Irish potatoes wholesale at $3 00 I
--There are about 130,000 acres of edi- The South Florida Railroad Ex- FLORIDA'S'TOBAC BOOM. 1879 86 52 74 4 9 18 9:45 NE er barrel; and retailat 10 cents per quart or
ble oysters on the coasts of Florida. hibit at the Piedmont Fair. ++ 1880 85 46 69 10 8 13 10.25 NE two quarts for 15 cents. a 1. I "+ I
-t A gsI nehsprhsda70 i otiuin ote- -, 'I 1881 88 54 75 16 11 4 2.87 NE Live poultry--chickens -wholesale at 20@30 I.-,.
-St. Auustinehas purchased 700-1882 6 1 8 16 9 7 1 0.30 N et s ah eala 5@5cnsec.Dese
bound bell for its publischool building Below is a list of contributions to the The Florida Tobacco Producing 188 92 59 74 12 7 7.26 NE plentseach;retiler2518 cents ea res
.. ... South Florida Railroad's exhibit at the and 1884 92 46 73 13 1 13 5 4.12 NE Northern meats retail follows: Chicago I
-.-.egotiations are pending for the Piedmont Fair, which opened at Atlanta ana a 1885 85ompany.81 14 S.6~ g 8.6 eef]25centsper pound; Florid beef6I15
erection of a union depot at Kissimmee. on the 10th inst.: The account given last week, says the 1i84 87 44 69 18 12 6 2.47 NE cents per pound; ve120@250ens;; P.:.I-.Al-i enty1*tbnc,
-The timber in Florida, if sawed into From Duval county-Fine oil paintings of United States Tobacco Journal, of New # ,usae1cents;Tornedbef I v n I0;*
lumber, would make 6,615,000,000 feet. Florida scenery; samples of fishing rods, York, of the 1st inst., of an attempt at a Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's Okra wholesale1at25@30cenltsir3ut-r'pF.:k, a d In
.-- ... ... manufactured m Jacksonville; also guava grand revival of the tobacco culture in Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are ,retalls at 10 cents, or two quarts ior 1:5c ets" P 0 W 0 [ -
-TeB Jernando News reports te rais- jelly and orange marmalades; a large va- 1drie and wea a I I .
ing of good wheat it the vicinity of etyof Floridairds stuffed l g l6rida, backed by enterpriserI intelli- looking finely., -"6Ezgn,g Pland retails wholesalea -na pe,' ..."",
Brooksville. Suwanee county-Samples of" the noted L genesep WILLIAMS, CLARK & Co. Northe runta bagaturnipc 8225 per barre1, I I
--The fire atSanford will notinterfere Suwaneespring water, and of Suwanee edquiteasensationin the trade. Further + II four quarts for 25 cents. P O W D ER
in the least with the erection of the eaer.. and. the. Idian iver- haveelicited the following addi- -IYomr e i onfniFlorida ..er o ,fro atr e)O'Uti ,.dk. ,o AbRivel Pure. I I
ne.uio ..po. .Yor ttntoniscalentnte ffrafntalb.. .. ...... olutely Pure. ('tl,Fr'.Z.nt -) Aboltey ur.
I Large pineapples growmg i tubs; samples tonal, most interesting facts on this a lt in acdna ine us" s anLirloeents.I
++u,= .look- eof pim neapple p s ogr o rag n gtb; a pes .. .. L 'a-e ,o cae 'o ""o ero Ie r -l lla pooo, tnever ta per domereltw
-An investigation is being made look- of wine andhoney; samples of oranges, subject a lot i Macedonia City, .Lee county, ; Snap bean-, w hol:tl $1 ,1per ru ibe!; re- T ..irde "devM arit-a. A orel I
ing to the establishing of a line of steam- St. John's county--Sample of Water, from ."... Florida, and a year's subscription to a tail 10 cents pe," quai.1 t s A I
ers on the Suwanee River. the art'esian well at HotelPonce de Leon. L While the entire leaf trade was igrum- leading ,paper of the State, for -4. '" Mae- Tomatoes, Wholesale '$I1"I,)ptr ,_rate zt:,FdLLI it I adI opilnwt
I M~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~arion county--Sample, of Water from blinga~thlest Iationa~ry a Ispects of-the busi- edonia, ity is fifteen miles southtl of the 15 cents per quart, two qua~rts t r'-1.5o:.t s. CaniuitIdptlo ersrtwebujmr
--Thepeople of b .Polkcounty. will .t fo IWhite turnips $250 per barreL, [ur qua-rts
-TepolofPo ouywilt -he wonderful Silver Springs. oe ewetepi"n l~ei' atlytemius of the Florida Southern, Rail-.for 25 cents; green turnips wnoW6,altB at 6 bshl -wee ,'-dol/,,c,.
assemble at Bartow, October 13th, to or- Orange county-Growing pine apples with instigated by the accounts spread, in these oad at Trabue, and overlooks the far- enti. per bu-.:b, reofMl 11) ,mnts F.:r bunch BK.JNO POWDER CO., I Wall St.'
ganize a county immigration association; fruit from Winter Park; also a variety of columns of the phenomenal success of famed bay of Charlotte Harbor themost Carrow.6150 ei' ''"'*r"1.1" *'"DtPr'l"art. N Yi 'L '. I
--Twelve thousand acres of 1l..and on. rativegrasses and pampas plumes, t heolumnsof tchcomphenoiesinraisingSumaeaoffameda of harlottearbor, the South.2:plIJ.--."%.r-a..t.
th H --'-- '' '+".. From Sanford comes ,plIn ) ricee inthe Ih .I -c -anesnri Stmar.'mgnfi enVseeLo wPALiMt e ou hURSERITES.O L~E m.'
theHomosassa River has b-een sold to heafOkra, pompelmouse, shaddock, went quietly to work to effect a revival An unparalleled offer. Address, for LAF TOBACCO MAnRETS. IL1 -1 I .
E. G dueout of New York, tor lemons Vlla Franca variegated, and Belair of. the tobacco culture in Florida, Suma- sample copy of paper and full particulars, I --'.- ,I
$300,000. premium varieties, guavas, fresh and pre- tra fashiori. This subject has occupied -THE EQUATOR PUB. 00., meatfK,,t.' --Theremse:,b MANATEE FLORLDA
--The freight on the machinery of the served in jars; -ape fruit, maltese, blood, their most careful att6ntion-for the past. + Key WestFlorida. me at res6tn.iing upward, aod thetd- K
y ovalJPnnS,.yar, tj oct and navaloranges! nd tI 1.-
Kissimmee sr-mill h e t ime itt ol cy enny ynuMasocaandnava Ioranges; eight months, andafterbe most minute and 1iend vro. Rare [r:ploa!, ornaena a ri panic f-
o ^ .+ .--+ T:" :...+ +*n e + specimens of Florida woods nicelypolished, examination into the possibility and '^ f \, r R eI pts "Ieood .uLea n b uy -
reaches its destination, will amount to curly pine, &c.; a sample of manufactured rsWe Know by Experience." tou. Re,'eparegood,.Diei and buy- o ren h,:.uve.- A.IO, a ful bneofieem;.irpI
about $4,000. d o e of n pra ctiablity of a successful result they er- eem tohe hi a loo, o--" to the ir ia; 1101 r
U, .. door, specimens of bui ding material, sana- have demonstrated to their own perfect For three years we have used Brad- unisetled market in N, York. .11 i Fr..r. Fani.-I in oil
-The Florida Shippers' [nion.an or- ple of water from' city waterworks, large, satisfaction the following facts: kt lev's Vegetable" Fertilizer.' After test- LOUISVILLE, c.tooer 4.-Tbe markets Exor..m ld. Autrriia and me WEit.
ganization~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~saifato the follwin fands ute coutie ssotmn -VegenabidSue ad*n -,-- ,-^^ n-n tabl Feth irlizer; fter test- flr11 and: pr"'es looking upward. AuctionI.l.:,isnv teii..rbVi nr.,iel
ganization in Lake and Sumter counties assortment.of Florida birds stuffed and Fine tobacco, such as to replacegr.adu- ing along with other high grade fertil-+ sateso leal- ranged from about $ per hun .
for imarketing orangm es has orgnizeformounted; samples of fnbrous plants, Fn oacsc st elc ~u 1;ao im,,rirue o~tgur-r,.uto ni ,iao,. riArc~ eceL~-le
I I.. orange tree in tub fruited, native hay, ally both Sumatra, and Havana, can izers, we pronounce it better than any dred down .to 86. I rr.+ .rii..t .*,:.m ci- .III +Cr r
Iusmess. asavas, potatoes, peas. "be raised in Florida. 'can be ra ld both sold in Florida; W e shall use it again I iropi.'al -iIi & mi-riopical Oants put-limrwd in
--Captain R.E. Rose, general manager From Orlando comes: Red Spanish pine- from Sumatra'an Cuba seed. I" raised this year. SAIA.NIAH COTT Oir IMRKET. Ariti- catulie mailed. w.,@t.Fiii on re.
of the famous St. Cloud plantation, is apples -growing in tubs; samples of orange from the former a wrapper its produced We do not hesitate to say to the v-ge- I '" J r tc,'leuu.-
threshing out daily 250 bushels ofriceof ines;.orangss oftthe sweet Saville variety uch a has never been grown befor-e in table growers of Florida that they can-. SVAINN 0coer 10.-The Upland .
uer+r ait. .. ...Japan persimmons- the Bidwell variety o u NA obef Tepad. ,aaiev l. -"
Ip"_erior quality earlvand latepeaehes, preserved;-Kelsey this country, and little, if any, Inferior notuse* anything so good ad BradleysCottonmarket opened firm,a s
-Oakland's artesian well is 980 feet plums; preserved guavas of the red and to the original article. If raised from Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know tme followmg^-.uotattoe:
deep and the good work goes on, but no yellow variety; Persian limes; Tahati iiies; Cuba seed the wrapper portion resembles by experience what we say regarding Mlddn 'atr .............................. .
wateryet, still the Sun has an abundance Naval limms; sample of Orlando citv water; fine Havana leaf in all its distinctive this fertilizer. I.I Go Middi_ ........ ............... ... ,% Gr p V n I-
of hope. ,-__. I i ines ,ampleas of toba.o:,;6sampleotf artificial qualities, while the filler appears dEci-"- W FOFF,:)RI> & W ILDER. Low and du ?." ............. .. .... I, I f : : .
.C o made a a r -. sa' I Atone. : dedlv better than some of thegenuine Ha- : Ft. Ma.on. Fla. (ood ordinary ........................... Notunal. "Sted ,:.theg,:,U l ad tmat-or --
-C-omo made a_ shipment of lemons O6o8 ola e ountV--KinahilM e)6 sends a enci e used t hicun-. Th pri I Tne n:.t re.:,Lpis were ,4,145i ales; gr1,+, = ,er IrI.. ,; :.,: ',I
and Japan persimmons Monday to'.Bos- asortmeut of "products as follows: Sugar rania used n this country, The pret ump- r 11.
ton. They were from the grove of Mr cane in tubs. and bandlesia bearing orange Lion or this assertion is, however, that Ladis' Purchasing Agency. at tinj port 1(,16 bale(. Export-" coatim-,se -,-._ loriUlUda, ," .......
Itma n; on the southern shore f ak tree; pineapples growing in a tub; sweet po- the seed was originally from a good local- A w 'V rk r i and 4145 Ua[e exportede to .tn c onfrtne t- bales : .... ..
o Laeap c.ANew ,rk ady of experience eands t -at Brt~ain- balez. 'Grown:aud for:Sae at + .,
,Corn. l 1 tatos, pumpkins,lkerhaw, oats, rice. com in ity in Cuba. It is likewise the case with tI.aste nem yin the best fa cities for "ps e G" a ;"
S. ... + .... :the eM, pmider, casatva, limes, lemons. Sumatra. Oood seed is condition P1,e .-mg r adOantageous condi -T
.....mcensvst toFlorida lastwinter, oranae, grape fIruit, cane srup. eu. -,tlon For the failure of the planlers ."P a The market-is quiet 'and nom nal at L T SA' If'HX A
when Jhi--'Sherman sampled Florida toka tay,. Bermuda grass, sample of .muck .nFlorida lhus far to reiveherobac to..fers er erc to ladieur de.ir- changed yiud:,,iwnisarLittle .ari.........SAN0ayoA. N "D. U UA +A
made cigars, he ends regularly ouce a from the reclaimed drainage lands. Also cun loridatst farcreived p r in c cpaiy, to pa relartmles o fh wearingoods. Eca re Fin ri-a ..-I;-. E E
CUInth toiseyoWestaforrabedoprPane-alinephotographc.views-f1om 6haE section
nionth to Key West for a box-of Pane- fmn photographic views from, that section. f"1"6l o D siHepicply oparel, toilet -articles or houiehold 'goods.. Co mnou Fi.:,rdA .... ......... ..... 11.1 : -1 zir*.E E
tilas. PoTk eunty-Lakeland setids as sam- the nonDesct'ipt seed obtained almost at New Yorkprices. Send for circular. O le-'.....*- : Ne'-' TALLAHASSEE, Fi,.....
S T... -.: ples some' fine varieties of fodder frum every tobacco-growing Stat- 3i hl e "Address11 MR S S S ,Jone u, n "n ................. .............. I-. : "-. ". : I. ,
eItransportatio lines report grsses,:as,i G.rma and pearl mril- Union.. Where good seeds, no baslar 179 Gates Ave Brooklyn N.Y Fine ................::::'::::::.::.:::.:.'.::::'::' ::... ... E. DUBOIS, Manager.
freight trafficexceedingly heavy to all let; samples of new "-and old Cane have been used, the results were most Extra" F ..n e. ................... -
points in South Florida. "Especially on syrup China variety of oranges; a cluster of satisfactory. Choce I. .... .. Send flr Ca lo ue and order early. -6dl, alio, .,
-. ...... ...... ........--7 f rC trio u t, r der c e arl y.
the river boats is it noticeable, they are grapefr'ut: a Lpan_,per1 mn, ons; a growin'^g And so impressed were they with the I ab' S i...9.........I4 ,or Pwe List 0I
I daily loaded to their greatest capacity. ..)Ivofladies'bils favolae resu tsK 'ther-inAlgaion I:ht t. FOR SALE OR EXCHANCE T
-%.A Spanish-model yacht is being built su6 as ar, maDtuha,.atrdd fro1 a .Wur pal. that they atc. once acquired t J,OO,.Uf acres .. EoB m-. .. I I I1:1.?a '. __I u ,.
'' for the winter International Gulf cup metto; a pie.-e of grapevine which measured of land and formed themselves into "The JACKSONVIlLLE MAR Bi 1. I- -RTE'RY--T' S K'! I- .- -. "
Iyacht race, t'rom Pen-wac,.la to Havana eighteen inches in circumference at the Florida Tobacco Producing and Trading --. .I = n l ti nni .olloi, Pn l_.i V.a. `
whc h w.i liswl ett 'hih fffenfe rmtegon.- Cmay" Wtha-oI
whioh the own, r claims, will beat the height of firteen~feet from the gronnd. Company," with+ a capital of $100,000 "wholesale A S't.miard,] P;.?kt F.?]i-.'i.-h;ne. Tw-:,pi~r. Illlffjufim1lU1l1 (llf l.llj I. gilt 11]11,
recbrd0f anyya-ht in the worvl'd e 'T rom Cathleen comes a sample of tobaeoo and the privilege to increase it to half a _. -,1 -,D' 17 6R1v76 Ir,.,ru ou0. t-m,, wo-ndred ro..i m "-
,re co rdof .-n--y. ....n;t........ -., w wI which was gromn from seed furnished by nii --n. -,n ,- *. JAoKsoKYrr4LM, Otober, 51887. .lay, ir ,',r,, t,,etn at ,,etft-" t. fI, i niil.b .a t ..fU --. 1 Al -
xo,ma n oornJ.. the 'South "Florida :Railroad .Compan1- a t .. '' P~rovisions."I U" .e I W. a ir', is _me L --,,or ,ck- I _.tlr 1U ll~rpr
S^ofonicll hs ^~ p n"EalradooP -Th m"S corporators: are G, Storm, of the ,-, T,.1_,. th, Kua B rhL^ "'w OC" *FLTHR ^-P.O
gone West to bring ou aS ubo api,,fAub1rdalesend-3overyafineospe ,n.&.Storm,-M.Onb elhsie, 7 .be $;.. GRENADA, -MISSISSIPPI,
brood horses and DurhLi .... a.d PS -- thp Cavendish bauana "pliawts, rowing in mer and Peterller, r, smokedshdrt rilbs,$1025;smokedbellies, 10 25; CaSADA ND A.CX.EHBB-CA ABD "OOD ": *. ". .
petub to (o e iens 'i no lt bi ofn tula, swith aurae L hc8.:t thTh e out irow- The o rsce' are: M. Oppenheimer S. hams canvassed fancy, ,h3c, S.,0. shoul- I .*s, ssedeaneyve8cint .htlhoel-... ...."< -"- Breeds Prize W inning.
CI.-- i;Moi.^^..ova, ietv,:,f fci^a'-, presite;o" H. A'.Banning, vice-p,,'e o- 8e'.La.-r+se8Ane;-ifcs^rn aPd is .... -A L S P"l "e -- FOL FRo-+-"'-- SAL..E Brown
=avoy- g ,eein we,, peseu w rtht he JobnE- 2^;1ue. WastGa tue arss "mitl e frtl. w, -m a. "y l be..- aeP te 31 T r e asn u _er, 'and 2/c. *alf ba.r-per epo;n5; ece ID', l5, er+ -, 11 I I I r"you rs n o Orown
son grassi ..COW t" -ii nip' Of,, .. -,,-+, ----- y1,Ib pplv' ,Ahi',vrasu vr ao arr e Xt n~n rr~ vs t,rt, :.. -.L" = ". "*o .d -. Bkonze Tni -:
O~~~e~~ed~~a~qotaion ar for^ Then lnoprto aeso'ti e on ots 347. _1 .aae,- : E G IN .EAS
,1.5 "-H'T-t .. .P-.^ ,! = +: .i.-e a 1 !a Herman A. Krwthchmar, secretary, bThe 1.00 hs Fl t1tonr, a. Fee r -'a"os, E t. i intano, as da barrels. "r tzeB at t"+
-WT e harmu'm o, r S.E 1_. rcni ll, of ",,,',,., t tL -,>.,tt6C t,,.t7 c .e nats p piw u ittci.at inemnora .v New Ybrlr r off ileof the .c m- 5 r h ndas.. v e o whre .h t nt 1,.,%Jetn a,, I .-rz ,n. a lle, .. .. 9 I,, -.
('hurchtll Hallrn t, o e-Hudon runtny g-. T alkI-n trm wr,-wrln Itel MesT T idavenue,. co n seem, h e a- Blo ,i'SR--l'tr t. ei nrm anavanr l ..dtin n.dB% P r ,= "1,d 'r,'-- 00LIWI.F ORu S+AlE aT l o AL ll TME '
acom odtig, ') --e+- w:,ni_ Tapan. but ecutivatcd throughout Wes~tern l ~ a ~tx r eu: abie, 24,'12.0 p,r fpounad COI3, 1coo2-NegI>,pe=r -? -_ rEVN-_ -- ++" '
7 ', .Asia North 'ea and as fr s,,uth mi n t l a to p er t h io w *d -. Box 347.-.Nanee,-. E-, S : IN SEASON r .
opene dg anu mg ary g ws e 0n m dlen T.he es pe rimenr o"Jts of tie gu'lr-.an d uet .earse..- :y .h- be' toG, c in.' ots70 .peeIHushEl car leaad .ot3I -hite <-oa o. .. "-""
our co rqunty, and nit wouldsse growll for omr'indc 't ief twhat ini t th-' p rly Tio, vake n tn cn erio ws t r a r- os"t per -u l: >B or M TV rr ,.er= an. Bo rb e at sed cd
tn penint l forae-ai;%e h HdalifaxuRiver anai .%t' i ate-1 at P^e m.keu:callednterprisean liththcpiaatsa ^u^^ ^ ^ 'e^0- -L^T I -T Baker Wonny l all^^ ,he pLeaper
W. Harti of eyonold ad count. The ofL,,,,, ro,,+,.= :-.B^^* m ..... .- id their comma nd,nvul seem as to tha e yac IPs.6c:,_ t;usF eciia 16ND M^ LG Io.+ fr i.isc j pj. A.. ... -.. ... DA EL OPBIBT. ..OB
.I- tlIad ptf l. We esie to M.p M.j Were PEAIN-CM-xd3 ma firin-wt, c a n l I UIzs a
a d th afie o nea1. is tnc hevbui leng. th .-S nadeaIntotd P ssmor ndwbisaat. autur filed aomn S pteymb or *6t thT llbo se preri dnden,"cy=.-a- .- ; -, --. The-v ^owin'fi...............D-PL NTS- ,, =r-h "m I's lms' Trlr-v Sho w"-

-We haveont, oved i wa c, i a t e n e ighbo nrho nd c, et-. b t teie t i.: i to. 8pe uir y T p r "itentio n aad to con nucty. thhe hua toepnltla t'oun .Bto-day'ms e val-ues: We1o1 te i te:,..- Gl 1. .I I"I Wia e V l ,k..9r V rouo oo a d. .

ofarmer u ctio n l o n af dnerai iThsan ee- tfattt o a*red mtas;lake rgono P lk atvt th^". ro thecmandm yf h e ntl asn its thte ioplea t of r^ --.1"b_.m:)t Vr .%\etrocbft, .. ... ....-^i'01 .-.r a .. ., n+ .~a f r -f Caaou rc it re;o
The se specin te n sen m raxie Ian of th at th e bcco-n ,a L l, : ltl s ; 70" L :per-bu shel;nca r load IAI. L- r. te, r w ^ : I

leMnticelorae.-ars comm ance-ConuThur.s-ti n^ rf^^o bloo .. .. ^^^ r,,- ... .. --h etrrieradwthtecaiala 0pe't;mE* rA ."D',)pr i5 LNT PnBke outlMa -lae eh'ntisppr
morning.t Th worrk wil proee with-ph t^no maJKpar their commandg wothe g ener a s cul ifathen Pof OE, rs ^A iD ^^ M g bt. ^ ..IE.~u, ',rD .l m n lp
h e ad o f H arpt i an granssl grd ow when by regiong o t co, r n to e bicl.s of F-o"- b.. ..sr e per r l in J.r.'. D~ien 'ut ia rkf I; I F m swhEL, JNgtR + 11 their c
te quang iieer s ha inll peeted upeloptat T ae Ar ed ,inth T inids Satsamp les,," w retho hin e l arg qu nities ot. p t i u d k . s
o.H.,Hrtao n etocthay.l-wTh era s fkow h, ndnere chaon of mavd, thisacompanyts with th hAve a-eidot&6,eaSr,,,,,,.,r- o a aU ; .-C II E, U.L.,

.-;*^K ^ ^ ^^ ^ It h .h inteni.iou^ bi,-ber, i iru2,xvIU(N tih~ ; -TEXASHILLI NUIRSERIES. ; ^ ir" :_^^r^
Tallhad see Faneonr i ncesl ro n a d L to.aas eand pict es la k es, we ut nr dfh'e to t te cOppeuh toe ngagmthe adth at ser hice the q t va.n--Nlued -,W ? a-5ord in 0 E S1 kUH NMn t A cl iro,, t i. I. F, s""" I & I)rLC t rJ "

hase moved backrinth neg b r od ca i spa ,.l l atk t of ti,:,n go u th e fa t fin atenton aa to acna <. h busi ness r om thet+ quFiiv i m'<;--P~ ert: p r~ a d u. _,,,, ", "_ ,_ .. ., Ora *
hi-'orass-miht benpRoo.l21,'gr2wn p ale.o nd-&Ja la,6 v, Gli8r. 't' I rT,. Ba10c; ar.:,,nFl- .` e: -

IT the .xater iTe n t sa' slaksh ag t n doe, t,., cof p uy- -ac welly as i ro ti tle i6,,roa td, S ,T- le3Ca; pe r oase, :l.., p ri ca --I'I : a .
of T L io the untioone nLedader, to met wh a. Thel woud ton. Hg a
or Sontia nd ito r an el fore tor on ta in so ne eli atrn h m edicinal a- It tpro pose ao ul ia te ntiob nso o fa r, t,.',,-nd; grounedru R" coffe l---
o rt oh e .o a n te A pEra, en tiic e tori t sd s p r.sons eho h aew bb .epsuffer- |ear ge s a n ed w i et itle fon theret0,to p orur-. b-.ch t, ... al s p l1-15 S DperfEr in; rmi : T A i i.. .. .
Ic eltural ouIam e published n hfin Cub a, in- fromver ybetr c io h o rdd a ed s ,lo oen our agne the gob erascc on lfl teiber Zal d orL Salte d ,1 9 'i. '9 Furp-O er, ne p,-e w ed .or A 1D NEl Illmoring l r-b nvoaa
ou. in t e ynolds, unt il co opled d w h3n wygb a tcorp site dt F rtf "me waters. to "r b ac eii g .o, on pr ,:ur th b est lse ed p ri h t or oraccott,,n 10.ai-5 t o; w ld ar et .' Z+ "rw I. ,l f^ l l l.r
[h e qua vngtc o pll e f tged up so the D mtati "l on y a r ed S ict i a i n kt ne v ds ea s e sf ibeaisi ng oprg e u i tion of c per l rane u, W .ill a. Slon sre A l + I
o h. n t o wi ns wilt know ea c reput ation p a we, owa ng th repori t fro b oltb locau ho unsioi rB. S t a rentsd fm i at.... .J p n....lm, absolute ownerl of the sa e if t ey so p d is c s o e ] h ? M.
a o f teh s t he y w i l t hae e t ou g a ie d s.T h om san t s o e w e edlla s t wa in t ,om t h e s hot r e s r ib u trc hs oneot ot h e p n t rs. I n ah atnv e r s a t i o nten t ,r nr; b, t1 Ca& t TS; g l :i n .a r ln al s or e s a u ne o r alt u a e ,n- .F- JCS 0Nl g.py t'I-O-IA.
:~ ~~ ~ a ndrd a d h i i i e e a o h pa etrto f th S ftat e W e t em a ae-b-r to Mr. Al O p p e h ei mr lill sai th atte g eera li xe 31":'*' ) W i ,, 81.W .5-5, Clft S 91l .30.
Ta sellaha e Times of a ack has entineay t'e- the Monticeleoofoadtu ta b rhr, lc. A aefens atond eid wre o aSOphc atY m "^iryN
tras Te ports call fact a &I attentionedo S hch eaw e iiug 14 p un l ine non a lo as toed. Itisthee b sie ss it on mell oeve ut-ne oF Crm eri, n 21,51 ; E engltrb $id: 2-a p .. a e r, *or s ampl copy ot I F 1.
Sof thejunlction ton rd Sugar Lands. or thJ se at es a ver y widcs favep io. iothe company nowenx a ge thos ser hies s-Tr e quo tattons vary, according Zo TH O
to Contain-someI of t eiscgroup Ie to i as proposntoacul rater sfola n demand as olty m 5,,'D_ b Sents; gred. Yound TU fl bet "-tFPE.SeF q_.elr ad chepe neaaesIntti -.

t wuias our. plasnnpoure.Ted ay teamug Lakdesr ^Alred, M,,a VaC sand Wsofnsinba haS.wing freceme this SXLT-Lvepoi per^^ .2 ack Th1,i; pare arcePUM l AEBoNDy PEAR g~rDDes ON"me branches of g Grade'*
Maonthi ce iowasco Leadn a rn l, ror- e i5 -mn g,, D ari an. ng"d i Itlr.le a iT y c tadd it n t haedIecent and. F
w o r k of g eo lc maa D th e p e m a et : I'.o u -0 m p tiso ou n sy d Cwto s u plb E a i p e tu t o.rm U G o g -1r m o f Ih .os P v l o ~ v '.- c n p r o e _fl ,e : Pe p r p e o o f W T n e O r n Go v e is O d S a e. II w sIp i n r U r a
o a ntl gd edtor a propreult t or a lofcg a te d out o the hig p eea t le Tho e o pa as ast o i n tentic onbe speak o o Ii2 t a do erorh e ya ooandountry dry s~dred 9on10-tse riouo blood ddtoau0rgofoDottoa.l0aedol

Onet" gathe on Nuea w iEra, a d si nth.fieagr- plands. o the rout, Flrve pu apilwa C, leaav i.gfar h m sti uei w seteds r s ft o m rth pur- IIH O bueATsdr ated nbcnt ) Sloia--eer it27. bos etlshemaF,lare t lyad"hr cil~n aaatr,[wlpyte ibt ~s. "(26
sak-noHd win l- stan ", Iweet potatoes' mosseslnnda 13 t n er ~tip barel. E En iter Thresvery Miow. n d o tc ulre on Sea B and Fl6 a I o I
cm lurainaTe l oi, pub atilld iVn C ba p rn- p ,miw betwea noantd'T ampa pose of r sing tobaco ,o, e ery liberalbeach "25c,: 1 ,:.),; r accoon 10, 31 Ne w Yor .... P. Fr L AN I a a
hinch waset ton site of Foert C in s- hdar ktr ms with Dara otionbacc o au gt us, 375 per a rl; paiSh o Q-.9 1.&Be wper i I o t
" Ippary m th int f r es te ti-e th e sureed, w n-en b at p ol are w n t r a t r a I a DEA LER INthI,' United ts tro warbtto reI-

dusrv Sibgn rDou d has e putatin pt at- ce, own oisuga r ycne hn ^~eal h locaion absolule owne rso the san ei g t hexat y wha p'oundwY r p^ e l^ "' IATIS NIIntFRs: wSol tal,a~n fromas huteave 18,,-e. + rtnd arceo s rbgas aet. n sm l f f-thy w n. Heca oac po u~plenny, aliy FDrba-la. L IUDi Kt li. ilns ajsUiac'AcrenB n,
I coIme recent h the fsure in d ue st hat of d arend soth. e nd i i nth souther due wsirle. a r w..large; uith of prry, 8lc 1 -enan drode Nowkn ieu's uc- ... .. O ben S e. e ,I"fe e s I t a m ,
othetorwdan d s w istn here waslfvoun theas p ort thy rep otat ro. ag ntleens dws ho Mr. nder t. fi o r vision Rail tm q ap 1e ier. Rai-,nk0 D m tc queMPL. 0PY at ber .o. pI.Ic :. Ir- 1.h aI-.
spentse o u. we aila sou ntteemany don- spciienn ofchloa hesi cght s to tpaLakeerupertendently c're de 7n thhelae n toa-co p inpr ton. And alson dcridewheretof gicn Si1Ti" n An V-LLEA TsL

I arrknow w hat will have; toe haidde- bwealLi Df^al-Ea0c i~r~ ofadtrui ecsay cool itire offa by 311 aI(icV~s~ nnd bar-^~i~jlil3?nb In.ajr A. .. .
Otfadictot repour in ut r fa ere as no t he t. wh h wle6-4 po nr o ce llenc e rof the ps, tiou ,n.Floridae.loThisge, t ali-tn g Creamry15)c1 i ets pear, L .en al pend ro a c "ree o aliTiicranc11l.
Se-ono ge.lemen.utin ooou c ro te sens a ar ie ty o secoe oftssred as te color "1 em t er a and favorably koo&25thoughouterheanos, PanLsRPraoLtV, tedPsuppsy aon gor od -ivi *THE ORA-ayckRson.v ie. : ,
re uin.schror ina ub, d isamle Fl rida t Cloraughhere asiz, etc., a itn Pean ao amcurrac oi ogaen smu f2ed bettera? chaprTA sargains la '"'
Soul thai ed ln ida Snu r S a s. wer To hi in-t-he Cedar so ea a nd s atgrs somt he s gen sp erng anever W er fo hat t edd h in p ac PIN EAP 1 d. .pag lo n ra drier se a-er dozus. iuunijEe tiheLLi "'JL 9 1 11, ,, a A |r
": nl qulries ti. anon por ocur ed wa rk itea n d n ar otodwh. c Flotda ha eow 0 ce t. and are osredc10 q ohen vary, Maa r, Co unty INael roves, a rnd ratbhes.o- -.'. C r
., seknt, ofbthi getlL ala to St .f loud to in- PV aue sa tu itin fo M Co r st om thea bEooi-y-fuoai%.,&ty.'cenitipe nd. s, 7 IT pop S SE EDL ESroVE. "s egan s h. P or .,?e
It wa : etgtour phimsurTelf sdavr e nuto in fg, rape Afredt, O .Mted ora. Vn, pineapp l anduseof 'Straiton 4storwel hiacro h be spe ak ood d emand and hmttped a ,Sp lk,; e ar "AoLd tier,"buNEW itherET oS blkdOFrEA HE, Iwidesell on eiesma o r woat yourneareial, tatind Io

I a the9e Kir barrel. to t. meetrel MSigliaonsi oivided aoong hhe Books. casho d 0uaad ee nis. o- -h -o---- and A1 h
,, ngly stakes hreputadonaowanee- o krd, sweetpottoestu p, msesd a Teno g pposd t projt. by other -t per b .ewrAd ,nE OD E & I RERO ad.S ot ont-- .
of thlsii e Landeta iaa a rigetert ron cthel, growhin t banan prlanati.evaC le a w rd s to ne a b ? I :
IesIuy Luwasettlerscc o rhas tauhet ur. 365 per barr-Il; dspen u o kons.$15Wer dint, e llmunthem &Aan odinry enthOTree. B ,
H~rliun ulse nC b ,p in- lsbnv rmi way btwent SPantfor ty a n td b-mp, fverinytbacolibvryera I:N termsilds3 eaoyonssOur catenPre vrylo en aruli instI 1 .- .
suarutrI fo tetmth se is wats tvspite of FkteCrsnwpmpins, or, that poeopeae.iig opyfo2nN-w5cabil a 0 ;l raccoon1p%15enswidcat.Gl~ al~t1all01l mlltlae ew edoPEtAAUcnan
-laed ignote r oud t has moment iat srcsu -ab rne, o'dr suohlatice owne rsofthbey sa m e ifthexaty whts o P u 1%ce.s--New York, fpeerom c rat, 18-40.-..1MAITLANDte NURSERIfthEsgaSi- h.Unte Satstropgwrvset o lc-informwihantptonion.o 8hee;N ,l;o .Music, ens.Beswx er SrIIrtugena, .. PANS -
S"comext ensvewthattbe ugreis n d uestion of adu soing .te -Idian wr.ill be assorted we~irith such ..p.r efe I, bur y,8t_#l.ens SIS I O rdrNo f o w" b intme .t eey uIcal OR 'u tha ib ade,.
1. thaorld nd hi visi herewas cigtear manuf teSacte.ArigenusteT-ian-ends ther.NV.rthernorryWestern Itates. FEI: purpseofgculin frrdohzmannCo.most notiofcealakblas cuu pinaakesupeintnden.oad rGENU onNEe lWASH INGTounty NAVELS..Befat yn dcidewheesbpgorn SopEI .- .
-, "Whi oy. heporsai, thyu efatlsmas donte't AlsowhchIiged14pon s.t[n nloidfAThsFenle aniOwelarEbe-'st remeyn5d/,cetsLO Ird en Crasapl cpyo
nu t ee. aalso frn ofor nes oats, ofaneteni ncesaycolitoIIbIad omtosa,,,tlenedfd.a p claly Iat Oal ad erlXa! aree o Oane
-.. dne ejl DodughucrioItt he~re on Foruapn, hra.carowIr,3 s-lize, 1___I__, wt nacuay, piun per THE ORANOR C+ iC U R A RA
+ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o upl1t etie_.oiedSats."Th__earKeensoein amle f 1reerhee ,foeatemtd;thnpak-%UBE MERALAVL,