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VOL. I---NO. 39. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1887.
PRICE $2 A YEAR.
OCTOBER. Portugal, Red Tripoli, etc.. It is almoi
-- needless to say that the ground for onion
Seasonable Work for Farm, can scarcely be too rich, too clean or tc
Garden, Grove and Nursery. finely pulverized.
Garden, Grove and Nursery. Celery planted in August should no'
[This month, in some of the ancient Saxon be worked carefully and a little heart
calendars, is allegorized by the figure of the drawn up around the stalks; but nc
husbandman carrying a sack on his shoulders
and sowing grain, in allusion to the practice of when the ground is wet.
sowing winter grains, which takesplace in Oc- Asparagus beds must be worked an
-tober. it was the eighth month of the old Albion manured. Do not dig or hoe -so dee
or Latin calendar, hence its name.] as to disturb the crowns, and finish wit
ON. THE FARM. a top-dressing of coarse salt-enough t
Sow plenty of rust-proof oats and whiten the ground slightly.
Southern rye, to furnista-g ter forage Peas of early and desirable kinds ma
for all yocr stock, drilling -r'full quan- now be planted, in double rows to sav
tity of seed and using plenty of manure. extra trouble in sticking. It is well t
Where the soil is very rich and strong, make the ground fine and rich for thi
sow broadcast; but on ordinary soils,, crop. If the weather is severe, protect
drilling and manuring in the drill will with evergreen branches.
be found best. OHAD, GROVE AND USEY
Rice should be harvested at once, if ORCHARD, GROVE AN NU SERY.
not dote already; and be sure to save all Continue the cultivationot the peaci
the straw carefully, as it is excellent' the Kelsey plum and other hardy, decide
fodder. Cowpeasof all kinds should be uous trees during this month, and, i
gathered for seed as fast as they ripen, possible, give them a light dressing o
Irish potatoes planted in September, if some quick fertilizer to stimulate fal
*well started, should now be'worked and 'growth .
earthed up slightly. But do niot cultivate citrus trees, larg
If there is any corn left in the field, or small. in grove or nursery, as it i
get it in now as soon as possible; and advisable to check all..late growth in
keep steadily on with the picking of these in order that they may be able to
cotton. See that your gins, presses, etc., resist frost. Put in buds of all desirable
are all in good order, and that you have kinds, to remain dormant through th
convenient an abundant supply of baling winter, inserting them low on the stock
Shoo cotton ties). bagging. twine, etc., Provide a good supply of peach and plun
and remember that it pays to send your stocks for root grafting-also native
cotton to market in the best possible persimmon roots upon whichto workthe
condition. Japan varieties.
It is getting late for hay making. but If any'of our nurserymen have tries
any fresh crab grass or other growl hpos- the Myrobolan plum stocks in Florida
sessing nutritive value for animals, for plum or peach we shall be glad to
should be cut and saved at once. North- hear from them. BR.
ern bay is scarce and dear; there are Choice Winter Bloomers.
many indications now of an early and Choice WinterBloomers.
severe winter, and humanity and self- Jasrinum is the generic name of
interest both urgently prompt the farmer large number of elegant shr.ubby plant:
and stock raiser to provide an abundance of-erect or twining habit, bearing simple
a'lfood. forthat sure time coming when or compound leaves and fragraut white
th. range gLvesoBqa6nd our poor helpless or yellow flowers. Several species are
s" animals tilter and-'die if pot properly found in Florida gardens, and many oth'
looked after'and cared for by the owner. ers may be introduced. For the accom-
Provide rougHli l.ters and plenty of paying cut, which represents the Jas
s- forage fqr your's k of all kinds; have minunm gracillimnim. we are indebted tc
* -.. yards and pens i which to save the ma- the celebrated florist, James Vick, ol
nure: and. whe'- billing rains fall and Rochester. N. Y. Whether this species
wintry wtids hW l--as they sometimes has been cultivated in Florida or not we
doe n iutinny Florida-youcan sleep cannot say, but think it will succeed wel
with a quiet conscience and look forward here without protection in winter, judg-
to.plunrih-e'althy stock and piles of vat- ing from the account of it given in Vick's
unable compost.inthat pring. Magazine and from its similarity in all
After collating 'and saving all the respects to the Ja.-minnen undulatum.
rough field grasses, forage, shucks. etc.. The latter species succeeds admirably
etc;. the remaining and only resource near Jacksonville. In the winter ol
for winter anfdearly spring feed will be 1885-6 it was killed to the grrouud, bul
found in oats.'rye, etc., plentifully sown that was a very exceptional season. Its
and highly manured. branches are very slender, and droop like
Where there is an abundant crop of th. one represented in ihe illustration.
ruta baga or other turnips and no near Its flowers, which are produced through-
market, these may be cooked in large out the winter, are smaller and more
kettles with a little bran or meal and fed star shaped, whence it is called star jas-
with advantage to your stock.hogs once mine. The flowers are pure white and
a day during the winter. fragrant, the foliage is handsome, and,
Sweet potatoes may bedug and banked taken altogether, the Jasrinum undu.-
the latter part of this month, if col hlatiun is the most. desirable shbrub we
weather seems close art hand; if not, a
little delay will do no harm. Do not al-
low yoursweet potato vines to be frozen-
if cut in time, properly cured and cut up
in short, lengths, they are good feed for
cattle and mules. By cutting off the
vines'close to the surface before a frost, \\M.
the. potatoes can be safely left in the
ground longer than otherwise, and the
vines utilized as suggested.
Sugar cane may becut and ground the
latter-part of this month or early in No-
vembier. according to the maturity of
the crop; and cassava should be harvest- .
ed soon after the leaves drop.
The mouth of. October in our Florida
garden-may-be considered our second
spring,-and all preparations for the pro-
ducrion of tall and' winter vegetables
should be commenced at once and pushed
Turn under all the trash left by sum-
mer crops, mixing ina good supply of
fertilizing matter; work into the Boil, -
pulverize and'rake level, making the
surface fine andsmooth for the seed you
are about to sow. rLet this be fresh and JasMina
of the bescvariety'"a-d quality, purchas- .
ing only f'om doelersof established rep- have seen-in Florida. We presume it is
utat.'on..' .- .p the same-species referred to below as J.
Eyetything put into ,the ground during aulItilorunm. We quote.a portion of a
SAugus.t and September' shlouldd now be letter :w written by a lady florist of Spar.
growing vigorously and.willrgquire con- tanbburg, S. C., to Vick's Magazine:
stant work with th'e ban d-ani hoe. It embodies so' much grade and deliU
Set out broccoli, cabbage,.cauliflower, cacy, is so deliciously fragrant and ex-
etc.,; and sow Early:'York. Dutch and quisitefy. beautiful in flower that it coma
other cabbage for winter. mands instant attention.. Its leaf growth
PEant out letdce and endive for a suc- is scarcely distinguihablei-from the well
cession. Sow cress and radishes every known Jasminum multiffornmn; but J.-
ten:or twelve das,?. turnips, mustard, gracillinuin has larger flowers, they hbe-
parsnips, .carrots-,:beets, etc. Spinach ing fully oneand a half inches in diam-
also;mavybeQsowqdsvery ten days -for a eter, furnished with nine petals of pure
succession. white, waxy texture, .reminding .one
Inu sbowing- eabbage for late :winpr somewhat of our native Ox-eye Daisy,
plantingg ry, he-planof dropping tw or without the yellow celtFesg. 'These flow-'
threl seeds where'you intend yiour-plant ers-are formeddinelustersroften as many
s- having he largest, and strong- asbtfwelva to.aclupter, and with nearly
t' ead of sowing in-a bed and every twigof newdgrowth Etanished'ith'
a ..tinginthn ual wy,. Let the.,a clusterech. As.ly.. the new.shoott
'--- ".m ea db1 f lFcctflowe sneeiiCry" rdr
Oons, both black seed and buttons,, obtain a good supply of them, to keep the
should now be planted. Trythe genuine plant in vigorous growth. I find that
;. Bermua; also some.of the large, mild cuttings from the tenderand new-growth
v. etar.ttes, *such asf Qtant Rocca, White root easily if given bottom heat.
st PEACHES IN LAKE COUNTY.
A Region Peculiarly Adapted to
w ; .Their Culture.
ot Editor Florida Farner and TVuit-Grower:
II believe that it is generally thought
d that the peach of the Persian type or
p family will not succeed so far south as
h this, and indeed it does not generally,
o but thatit does succeed in some localities
is also an unquestionable fact, as I. am
y prepared to prove.
'e I have in my yard (planted by my
o predecessor) two trees of a variety com-
is mon in Middle Georgia that have cer-
!t tainly done as well this year as any trees
I ever saw. I have been here not .quite
a year, and cannot vouch for anything
previous to that, but am told by two
h, neighbors whom I regard as .entirely
- trustworthy that during the three years
f they have been in bearing they have
f never failed to produce a heavy crop of
I delicious fruit. ,
The fruit is a large clingstone of beau-
e tiful form and color, with white meat
s except near the stone, where the meat is
n dark.. They ripen in the latter part of
o' July, and there has not been on either
e tree in a crop of about two bushels a sin-
B gle wormy peach or one which presented
* any appearance of disease. I have
n weighed but two of them, but am satis-
e fled that one-third to one-half the fruit
e would weigh four ounces and upward.
The trees have had no cultivation and no
d fertilization except what they naturally
get in the door yard, and have grown
o within twenty feet of two large oak
trees and within thirty feet of a large
bearing mulberry; so you see they have
bad but a poor chance, yet they are as
a vigorous, thrifty and healthy looking
s trees as one would find in a well kept or-
e Why do they succeed here so much
e better than elsewhere in Florida? I can
only tell you bome of the.,causes as they
suggest themselves to my mind. First,
our altitude. about. 500 feet above sea-
L level, is, I think, one advantage. Sec-
f ond, the very rolling character of much
f of our land. Experienced orchardists
peaches from my next crop, if there is
any chance, and meanwhile the trees and
alltheir surroundings-are subject to in-
spection by any one who is interested and
will visit this region.
The land here is quite variable, some
being fine for peach culture arid some
almost worthless, where the trees would
be uncertain as to crop, short lived and
sickly. The prospectivebuyer would do
well to get some one who is acquainted
with the different kinds of land and with
the prices, to buy for him, or at least ad-
vise with him. He would in this manner
more often get land such as he wanted,
and at its true value, than by rushing to
a real estate agent and buying as -ie ad-
vises. J. T. LAVEIONE, JR.
MINIEOLA, Sept. 15, 187.
The Orange Leaf Disease.
$ After publication of Mr. Bailey's first
letter on this subject, we requested him
to send us fresh specimens. These he
sent. accompanied by the subjoined let-
ter. The specimens we placed in the hands
of our engraver, Dr. A. T. Cuzner, and a
drawing wa*s made. But just at that
time we received the report of the De-
partment of Agriculture for 1886, and in
this found an account of the disease with
an illustrative plate. As the latter con-
ORANGE LEAF DISEASE.,
Natural 'ize sirn.I ns.iCie. .
e prefer. I believe, hillside land for peach trained an enlargement, we concluded to
i culture, other things being equal. Third, model after it, and the result is the cut.
and most important ot all to my mind, here presented. Following are Mr. Bai-
s is soil. We have a firm, red clay sub- ley's letter and extracts from Prof. F. L.
1 soil underlying much of our land from Scribner's report. We would add that
a depth of one inch to four or five feet. the-first report of this disease came frout
This is nothing in the nature of -'hard- Ocala, where it appeared in the summer
f pan." but is what is generally termed by of .88-5.
t agriculturist.sa retentive clay. It absorbs MR. BAILEY'S LETTER. ,
a moisture quickly. I bave tried it by DEAR StR.-Your letter re.luesting fur-
a digging down to it and pouring water tber specimensof diseased orangeleaves,
S00it, and have also made mortar of it is at hand and I hasten to comply. len-
- and found it 4uite adhesive, with only a close specimens of leaves, twigs, and
small per cent. of sand in the mixture. I pieces of lemon peelt-I ithe sour oranges
- find the roots of trees penetrate it freely, are all affected in the same manner.' The
This clay is mottled with white and pale disease strikes all new growth cou sour
yellow. It is not at all chalky nor dis- stocks as soon as it gets about one-half
- posed to crumble, as many wells here grown. It is constantly spreading.
will testify. There are uncurbed wells Small nursery stock, not over eight or
ten inches high, begin to Ehow it, that
1 < ,>,.',<, ..->, have not heretofore.
,:< "S\5 ^'y l ''iK" '..- I 'went North last summer, in June,
Sand then had not observed it, although it
may. have begun. On my return, in Oc-
tober. 1 noticed it. I made inquiries of
my neighbors and found it the same
I wvs talking with Mr. A. J. Beach,
the nurseryman, last week, and he said
so far as he knew it was quite general,
and that it seemed to strike all over at
'abr.ut the same time. I picked all my
good lemons about a mouth ago, as many
of them were already affected and I was
afraid all would be ruined.
SAN MaTEO, Fla., August 31, 1887.
/.- '. FROM PROF. SORLIBNER'S REPORT.
There first appears upon either the
upper or lower surface of the leaves,
more particularly upon the latter .and
upon the young shoots, small, light-col-
ored, wart-like excrescences. Theseex-
cresences increase in number and size,
S thd approximate ones often running to-
fi GRAsciLLiM. gether until the whole surface discovered '
.. destroying, of course, the vitality of the
here of all depths to forty feet or more, leaf. When voung leaves are attacked
moss grown and perfectly solid, in which they become more or less distorted and
niches -cut in the sides have for years ;tbhelir full development is prevented.:
borne up men -eho climb in- and out to The top of the older warts, if one may
work on them. so term them,; are dark brown or nearly
This subsoil of clay is 'overlaid with .black, due to the presence of a dense fun-
sand or said loam. gray In color, which gus growth; which exhibits under the
packs and feels firm- under foot. In microscope a multitude of irregularly
short, from my limited' observation. of developed conidiophores, bearing oblong,
peach culture in other States where it is oval, one-celled conidia. Such low forms
a business of some magnitude, I cannoare difficultto determine or classify, and
see but.chat we have hundreds of ac-es it is'just such forms which are often the
of land of the same general characteris- most injurious.. -Further investigations
ties sought after by the peach- orchard- 'in its development- will doubtless reveal:
ists there and used to such profit. Let 1its true character. From .wha-g ow w
those who are interested -in peach- cul- known it seems--best to pi -he'
ture in Florida, and want to raise an or-. 'genus'Cladosporfum. .c -r r
anDg grove ard truck farm to perfection, r -.; REMBDIMB. ;-
come to this region and see for himself; The application of .NO. i'e- I
I think I can convince any man that- he *commended for tria.. g tu..ici-
can raie all three to perfection here, properties: First. utibn of'bitsul-
while enjoying a delightful climate, good. iide of dotishnin, e -half ounce tc a I
water and splendid health. -There artllori n water. Second, "liquid gri- I
two railroads within three miles of on." prepared by boiling three pounds
and steamboats within six miles. 'e.-ach of the flowers of sulphur and lime
I shall send you a sample lot of the '1i six gallons laterr until reduced to c
two gallons. When settled, pour off the in the fall render a second or third crop '
clear liquid and bottle it for use. For in other sections an impossibility.
use, mix one quart of this clear liquid in 6. GCUTTING CROP.-With favorable
twelve gallons of water. Third, to ten weather the first crop can be cut about
gallons of strong soap-suds, add about a June 15th, and the second and third crops
pound of glycerine and one-half pint of about Augut August and Septemlt.-br l t. re-
carboli'c ac-iJ. spectively. but ac the se-.ious vaty this
These solutions should be applied in nmay som'etimre be two weeks later.
the form of a fine spray to the diseased ';. ToePPINt.-There exists quite a dif-
trees. As intimated, what action they ference of opinion as to the proper
may have towards arresting the malady method of topping the plant; some mere-
remains to be determined by experiment. ly pinch off the bud. while others break
_:,."- I' off the top of the stalk, together with a .
TOBACCO IN FLORIDA. few of the top laves: the latter method
; ____ is undoubtedly The best, as the remain-'
Report of NNew York Expeprts ing leaves grow larger, and being more
fully developed are more valuable to the
to Receiver Duval. manufacturer for wrapper purposes,
Mrf. H. R. DUral, Receiver: whereas by topping the bud only the'
DEAR Sin-In'accordance with your stalk, continues to grow up and the top .
DiinS R ,i R-- In 'i cordauourleaves remain small and are' of little
instructions to visit the northern'and leav rema. n a and are of little
western portions of the State of Florida, alue
and ascertain the facilities existingthere S. SEED.-A great variety of seed lias
for the cultivation of tobacco, and of been planted and the growing crop
examine in a general way the charac- shows many different species of tobacco.
tbr of the soil, kind of seed uted, value We hare found Pennsylvania, Counecti-
and extent of tobacco lands. and such cut, Virginia and the Old Florida broad
other information as we could obtain leaf styles, but the crop is mostly raised
bearing upon the subject, we beg to sub- from imported Cuba or Havanua seeds,
mit the following report. obtained from the Florida Railway and
We will speak of each portion of the Navigation Company. the Pensacola and
work separately, and will first consider Atlantic Railroad Company, the Agricul-
the climate: tural Department, Washington, and from
- 1. CLIMATE.-Owing to the fact that other parties who have taken much in-
the State of Florida is a peninsula, it has terest and care in selecting whatt ihey
the constant advantage of moist and believe to be the best seed; .Ot' course
cooling sea breezes from the Gulf on one some of these varieties of totiacco are not
hand and the Ocean on the other. This adapted to the soil,. and furthermore are
tempers the intensity of the atmosphere not-in demand or popular with manu-
and makes the nights cool and pleasant. facturers, but we think the best kind of
This humidity we believe to be very ben- seed, and that which will undoubtedly
eficial to the growth of tobacco. find most favor with the manufacturers,
2. SoIL.-We have found tobacco is the imported Cuba seed, and while
growing on quite a variety of soil, but there are many styles of tobacco raised
mainly on eandv loam. with a red clay in the island of Cuba, the best would be
subsoil ei'ht to" ten inches deep; again that produced in the Vuelta Abajo dis-
on Eandy Team with, subsoil, and in some trict, and great care should be taken that
instances on newly cleared bottom or ouly one kind be planted, as it is unwise
hammock land which seemed to be very to raise several varieties on the same
rich and required no fertilizing. The field, and this is a fault that we have
crop seems to flourish and do well on all found to exist to a great extent. -..
of these soils, but it appears to us that 9. BuD WORMa.-One of -the greatest
the tobacco-grown on the hammock land evils the growing crop is subjected to is
is of the best character, while its growth the bud worm. This is a small green
is more luxuriant. The country is well worm usually found in the bud of the
watered and timbered, and the land very plant which eats into the young leaves
fertile. The timber consists princi- so that when they develop they are full
pally of yellow pine, oak. beech, hick- of holes This worm is hatched from an
ory and cypress, the yellow pine pre- egg deposited by an insect not unlike
dominating. the hose miller. To destroy it the
3. FERTLIZERS.-Where fertilizer has farmers drive stakes into the ground and
been necessary the planners have mostly nail a lath across the top, with a number
used a compost of stable manure, cotton of holes in it, in which are placed a aium-
-seed and wood ashes, and in some cases her of blooms of the Jamestown weed,
have added guano to this. first putting a little cobalt in each dower,
We have strongly condemned the use and thi' attracts and poisons the fly. A
of any commercial fertilizer, as it is goodI remedy for this is to sprinkle a
almost an established fact that they rob pinch of sand in the bud of each plant
thesoilof certain properties thatare very when quite small, auid these the wom .
essential to the excellence of tobacco, and will not attack, a little wood ashes might
furthermore are quite expensive. also be mixed with the sand to make the
4. SEED BEDS--The seed beds are remedy more effectual. .--
started in January, February and March, Another .excellent plan for removing
and the plants set. out usually in April these worms is to turn a number of fur-
and May. Many of the seed'beds were keys loose in the field; they go through
unsuccessful this year. owing to the ex- the rows and pick the worms off the
tremedrynessof the weatherand a want leaves very rapidly, and as they seem to
of knowledge on the part of some farm- thrive on thisdiet, with a little additional
ers as to their proper care. care could be madequitea source of rev-
This caused some delay in transplant- enue to the farmer.
ing, and in many instances the farmers This plan has been very successfully
did not have sufficient plants to supply carried out in Maryland and Connecti-
their fields, and thus bad to procure ad- cut, and we believe in some other States,
ditional plants from their neighbors, and and is certainly a very simple one.
we have seen some fields showing ser- 10. Cr Mno.-We have found a great
eral distinct kinds of tobacco, which is want of knowledge on this point, and
unfortunate, as some portions were not many different methods being employed,
as desirable asothers, and this mixing of but the principal manner of curing has
plants should be avoided as far as possi- been as follows: When the tobacco is
ble in the future. ripe it is cut and a lath or stick run
Considerable delay in transplanting is through the butt of the stalk, and eight
sometimes caused by want of rain, as or ten stalks placed on each latbh, which
the farmers generally wait for wet is then hung in the curing shed and al-
weather. To remedy this the suggestion lowed to remain four or five weeks; it is
was made that the ground be watered then taken down and piled in bulk
and the plants set outandwateredesvery where it remains about three weeks
evening or as often as required, and longer, after which it is sorted. Some
during the day to cover them with a leaf of the farmers prime off the leaves flom
or an inverted flower-pot until they were the stalk and split and hang them sepa-
well started, and in this way much val- rately, which was the general method
unable time could be 'saved. A general pursued with the old Florida broad leaf.
idea was given to the farmers as to the 11. SHEDS OR CuRINo-ROOMa.--Closed
manner in which seed-bed'%were started sheds are almost universally,.. uffd
and cared for in the North and West, and throughout the State, and.: in,.many in-.
it iis to be hoped that some benefit will stancesare fartoosmall to curethe crops
result'from this advice, that tbe farmers expee.t to placein them..
5. TRANSPLArNTINOG.-In setting oht the Not only is the size inadequate5 but hav-
plants they are usually placed from ing no good meansoft ventilation, the
eighteen inches to two feet apart, and tobacco is in danger of being "shed.-
rows separated about three feet, but in burned," and it is absol el n ceskarf -
some cases they were placed much closer in order to propdrl "c N e tobacco
than this, which had the tendency to that these sheds be ni at they car
stunt them and prevent a perfect devel- be either opened- or of wording t
opment of the leaf; this error was ex- the weather. -*I the 'obaco
pt where we found it to exist; and States great attention to these
wT bably beavoided in future sheds. They are at bt and th'.
'ate of Florida is so favorable siding is not placed Bse like ord.
to t tivation of tobacco that, aside nary clapboards, b aiddow
fronis 'flist original crop, two sucker' abd every alternate birfgd
cropc ibe raised. Thisisaccomibhed. can Be.throwin. wide- us mann
by cuitting-te stalk off near the ground, perfect ventilatioba o0ut theXro
and leavingioticker or shoot on'the root, -the roof is also w v tilated tocay
which will ii ehorttime grow-into a off the fonl'air.as it' 'd. -
healtbhy, well tdeieloped stalk on which 1 12. Sbnoita.-The adoioiWgenerall
the leaves-will Be lighter in weight, but assorted in three or- four -grades, witH- -
larger and finer than the first crop. This: very little regard to the size or style of
we believe is'an advantage enjoyed in no, leaf, but if more oare.were.tdken in the -
other tobacco producing State in this assorting ;much benefiwould result, as
country, as late springs and 'early frosts [Continued inth.Pige.|
'~ ~ -- --' -t
306 FLORIDA FARMER AND FRIUT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 28. 1887.
NEW YORK FRUIT AUCTION.
Description of a Morning's Sale
- of California Fruit.
As the system of selling fruit by auc-
tion has been tested by the Californians
with results satisfactory to them, we
think our Florida readers will be inter-
ested in the following account of the
method of sale, as described by a New
York correspondent of the Morning Call:
The auction-room is at the corner of
Broad and Beaver streets, and in the up-
per story of a building in which more
fruit is sold daily than in anyot her place
in the United States. Climbing up sev-
eral flights of stairs, the auction room is
reached. The special feature of attrac-
tion in this room, when your correspon-
dent visited it. was a display of samples
of a carload of California fruit which
hadarrived during the day and which
fruit was sold soon afrer and within a
few hours of its arrival. The princi-
pal display made was: of peaches. pears,
plums and grapes. The boxes or pack-
ages were placed on a frame-work, up-
held by wooden "'horses," which stood
in front of the auctioneer's stand, and
the display also extended around the
side of the room to his right for a short
distance. The fruit was large and very
handsome, with the exception of the
grapes, which last, to tell the exact fact,
were nothing like what can be produced.
It was, however, early for..grapes. The
varieties of grapes were AMuscats and
Rose of Peru. Tue peaches commanded
general admiration for size and color,
and so also did the pears, on the part of
perhaps 15V buyers who gathered around
to examine them. But the special ad-
miration was for the plums.
PEACHES AND PEARS.
The peaches and pears arrived very
ripe. Some were considerably decayed,
and all gave evidence of complete ripe-
ness, so that a speedy sale was desirable.
The journey across a hot desert had
ripened them very fast. But the'plums,
beautiful in color and fine in size, as they
were certainly in flavor, called forth ex-
p.re-sions of the warmest praise. The
fruit was all packed in paper-that is,
each peach, pear and plum was wrapped
separately in a fine white tissue cover-
ing. These papers were cast aside as the
fiuit was brought to viev, for critical iu-
spect.ion. There being but one carload
to dispose of on this occasion, the buyers
were fewer than when the lots are larger.
There was also a larger proportion of re-
tailers present. Among the latter were
many Italians. An unbroken line of
dealers surrounded the samples from an
hour or less before the sale up to the
time for the auction to begin-11:30 A. ,
Onue of the busiest men in the room was
Mr. Day, of Sgobel & Day, who arrived
some time in advance of the auctioneer,
accompanied by Mr. Blois, manager for
the agent of the California Fruit. Union..
Mr. Day was provided with a California
fruit cattalogue, as indeed every person
in the room was, and on this he made
entries as be inspected. Before the sale
there was ample time to inspect the sur-
through a tube to some one in-a lower-
story, and then begins the sale without
more ado. The most of those present as
buyers have taken seals, but there Is still
a fringe of retailers, who evidently in-
tend to buy the samples, and who stand
near the packages, looking at the fruit
critically. Warm weather ripens fruit
and makes a market for it: also, it calls
out its distinctive insignia-the straw
hat. Most all he dealers have on straw
hats, and they wipe the perspiration
from their laces as they lean back, cata-
logue and pencil in hand, to bid and
check. Mr. Day is on the platform close
to the auctioneer, and checkson his cata-
logue. Mr. Blois sits at his left, ready to
act as soon as the sale is concluded. He
The buyers are largely middle-agtd
men. They bid in what they want with
little noise, following the nimble tongue
of the auctioneer as he climbs the finan-
cial stair. The sale is oyer speedily. In
ten minutes the carload has been sold ;
those who wanted ihe samples have se-
cured them.- .This is therefore quick and
certain work. The fruit has not -had
much opportunity since it arrived to
harm before it has changed hands, and
become the property of others.
The purchaser is equally interested
with the shipper in an expeditious serv-
ice. As soon as the sale is over Manager
Blois is on the move. He verifies the
prices as he has checked them, and at
once sends out a dispatch to the Califor-
nia Fruit Union, so that the prices re-
ceived ought to be known in California
soon after the auction-perhaps in an
hour. The arrangements for the trans-
fer of the fruit to the premises of the
purchaser are systematic. The sale
closes at about noon-a little earlier.
By 1 o'clock the drays will have deliv-
ered a large part of the fruit. At night
a good share of it will be on the tables
of well pleased New Yorkers, and Cali-
fornia fruit will be brought iuto
hundreds of homes, in fact. Immedi-
ately after the California sale the sale
of oranges, lemons, etc., begins. With
more fruit an] more buyers the scene is
mote animated, but the foregoing is a
fair outline as it is from day to day.
While there is doubtless a wide field,
open in the direction of co-operative
fruit evaporating, some of the state-
ments are very misleading, and the es-
timates of cost of producing are palpably
incorrect. I have.had several years' ex-
perience as superintendent of a laige
establishment of this kind, have -'made
apple" under a variety of conditions
stand that circumstances do vaiy the
chances for the successful manufacture
of evaporated products, there is no
The quickest parers I have ever had
would not average more than 38) bushels,
in a day or night of 11 hours, and such
as are able todo that are paid $I1 to $1.25
per day. It also requires two very
smart girls to trim and spread for one
parer (aud in one factory that part kept
three girls to each pareri at 90 cents to
$1.10 per day or night, the night gang
receiving the larger price. Again, under
the-most favorable circumstances, it will
require cue pound of coal foreach pound
of fruit., making 600 pounds of coal in a
day. at a cost varying according to the
iep nfe nn l bia b.-,t q1 a v frio .
The auctioneer hasa raised stand, with Lrc Ut .UU,, ut at-UL a ,a.ijr *U.
an arrangement much like a reading- So w the 10 fidbuhels o apples .
desk in front of him. To the right and So we udDt iluding the cost of
left of him are raised platforms extend- running the drier. or an extra man to
ing a short distance. Over his head is a handle so many apples. and rEmove the
largebuilotin board. on w hih repainted refuse of the packing. we have as run-
theconditionsattendingthe sale ofgreen ning expense, for 600 pounds of dried
fruit. Among these conditions are the fru it:
following: "Cash-no allowance for 1.' i' .v,lay an 'i aa nip'1hr, it.R'.
anything (except the customary damage C iaai, h,,
for brimstone, if any ; fruit to be deliv-
ered to the purchasers at their places of
business in this city upon payment of the Interest on cost of plant, breakage., and
regular certage for the same. etc.; a de- wear of machines,. insurance, etc., will
posit of 20- per cent in current funds, balance the value of the refuse for either
wheie required on account of the pur- cider or jelly.
chase." The original cost of the green fruit
The room is large and nearly square. determines in a great measure the price
Two sets of windows light it from the of the dried, as when apples are scarce
sides, and overhead are two huge sky- in the fall, good evaporated stock will
lights, which are raised and lowered by command a good price. Sometimes as
ropes, of which enough are attached to high as 50 cents per bushel has been paid
the walls to make quite a respectable for apples, the manufactured product
showing of "'rigging." The room is selling for $4i00 a ton, or 2 0 ceuts a
therefore light enough torhow off all the pound at wholesale. Again, good fruit
beauties, as well the imperfections, of is bought for 10. cents per bushel, the
the fruit offered by sample for sale. Of price of evaporated fruit,corresponding.
course, only sample boxes or "'packages" Where many hands are employed, the
are brought to the auction-room. The one who.attends the dried .will get good
great skylights not only make the room pay, .which, together with various inci-
lighter, but also play a very important dentals, will bring, the cost of manufac-
part in ventilation and thereby in pre- ture alone, to from $-4 to $30) for NJ0t
. serving the green fruit in warm weather, pounds, or 4 to Scents per pound. This,
as may be imagined. The climate at with the cost of the apples. (that will
less sultry seasons than the present is vary from 3 to 10 cents per pound of
hinted at solidly by two large stoves, at dried fruit, gives us as a minimum cost
present disconnected from chimneys, of production, 8 cents, and from that: to
and which stand in the rear of theroom. 15 cents per pound, or from $42 to $90 as
The benches on which the buyers are the cost of 600 pounds of dried apples.
seated during the sale are arranged for This is within actual experience.-C. F.
the most part in rows in front of the W., in.Farm-and Home. -
auctioneer'i desk,but there are also other *
seats at'each side of-hisdais. Three hun- Mr. BeeCher on Evergreens.-
ed asil i erat. Thpe werha -thr h-c .The Ret. Henry Ward Beecher was an
streaked the wll. s of the auctionroom enhusiastic- gardener, and wrote as fol-
itat te wnt little will probs o te aucblyon-room, lows. concerning sme of his specimen
btat. pi'esent little will probably be ex- to' the-.. G rd'. .dntrl. : .Every,
r.pnded'in the,way of beautification, for to the r ardener'r Mont-ly: Every,
rhb i'eason that the fruit auction business creep"er, ssrub.or tree, 1thit, ?:proach es
has gr6wn 'i d-that"' new building,' to thle condition" o'evergireebn.s valua1,i.
cot, $70,000,- i how going up at the cor- fir its i.ter' bea.uty. .-Hall's- .pan,
met7 df State abd Bridge it reets. Tihe Honeysuckle,ias.tLemost valuableIof all.
ew building wi be openedthis fall. I the family f hary boneysucles t
is directly opposite the office of Sgobel hardy.luxuriant, a real everbloomer the
&/Day.- 'The .present- auction-roof 'i summer trugh, ani it. isevergreqn.
only a short distance from the office of Under my window is a plant ofi, spread
the agents. A L. upon the ground, as,green.asi,.midsum-,
Smer. Lonmcera fexposa,' or. Cminese, is.
FEATURES OF THE SALE. near lbyi, .'iui shrunk. with' cold, and
About 11:30 o'clock- a dapper and will.dono' more,till spring. If one .can.
pleasant-appetaring man, -who.is neither,have 'but o6ie, it. phbuld ibe Halls.' -If
Lrqown nor ,Seccomb,, butiwhio, is to act stiffered to grdw. along, the ground it
as auctioneer on this occasion, appears,. will .r6otat almost ever .y.joint, ahd 'fi'-
and, att.once.proceeds. to. business. He. nfsh"aAn';'abui'ddnee b new plaanmts,ajvith.-
first.sheds his cdat. and v.est and~dons,a out, .trbubl'. I have;-enjoyed iethod
tl.-linen,.coatLout of deference to .the. of treatf-'ig bheyn-uckles oon the,'lAn,
thin e .-anrd.. ..tg h lh.h .-it ,
wg~thea.n th.e-xertion .which hetis visL .: puttIng aoout a .vigorous, root
Immediately to make.. Having dne this, fie-or sjx, stakes, pay: four ofee high,
and- having loolied over his catalogue, shi. uning. "tihm,. with "t.linp izout
and also havngmaide,a rapid4and pro.b- three hoopsaIt equal distaces,- and'
ally exact estimate of the buyers assem- aillowing.i" p-taht -. tcoter.'thi..:
bled, for..he haspany.,yearp'.,f.-experi- By'tie second y.dar analtarof.giren
ence, he. mounts the, rostrum, whistles, will-e foined- most .comely -to..'thei
4 '- -
-eye.= -If- Lonice-ra -aurea- reticulata -be
used, it will give it a splendid golden
effect. Golden kinds shouldn't be suf-
fered to twine with others, as the ap-
pearance will be that of a sickly vine,
mixed with a healthy one; but, kept
separately the effect is admirable.
Speaking of conifers, much is written
about transplanting. My experience is,
that evergreens may be transplanted at
any time of the year when the ground is
open and workable. I do not lose the
half of 1 per cent. of the hundreds I an-
nually move. If they are ripped up and
jerked out of the ground, laid in the sun,
and. worse yet, in the mud until others
have been slaughtered, and then hauled
in an open cart, stuck into a cramped
hole, lumps of soil thrown in and trod-
den down by one's feet, no wonder they
die. It would be a shame if they did
not. Take up the roots carefully, cover
them from light as you would your chil-
dren's bodies, plant them in a larger
hole than that which they have lett;
take time, press the roots as if you were
combing your.own- hair for a party, see
that they are not planted one inch deeper
than they stood before moving, and then
-mulch-mulch-mul6h them. After
that you may whistle at summerdrouthbs
or winter freezing.
I have had as good luck in orders from
nurseries in September and October .is
in March or April. I lost some-I al-
ways do, for the most careful nursery-
men are careless, judged by my stand-
ard. I had aslief transplant in July as in
May, in November as in June. It only
requires a little more care. In that
murderous season, four or five years ago,
I had planted many scores of coniferous
evergreens, but did not lose I per cent -N
on the windy hill., and sharp climate of
Peekskill-and all because the plants
were abundantly. planted, and abun-
dantly mulched. Mulching, summerand
winter, is supreme safety for ornamental
trees, and for fruit trees.
A Delightful Pursuit and Profit-
BY Q. L. REED.
No plant is more ea;&1iultivated than
the rose, and when we consider its beaiu-
ty and delightful fragrance, we wonder
that they are not "'born to blush" abdn-
dnutly wherever man takes uphis abode.
Their qualitiesare not confined to beauty
and fragrance alone, for they are put to
many uses. They are a great source of
revenue in Eastern countries. Tfiere are
great rose farms or plantations at the
base of the Balkan mountains. These
are so situated as to be protected against
all winds except the southern These
lands are well adapted to the cultivation
of the rose, and there they thrive won-
The rose cultivated there is the Dam.
ask rose of Provence, its delicious fra-
grance yielding the costly ott.ar of roses.
The Bowers are gathered the third year
after planting. Who can imagine a more
beautiful sight than these fields o'f full
blown roses, men, women, girls .and
boys all at work filling their baskets with
the flagrant flowers. It resembles cot-
ton picking, only in the latter the petals
have fallen to give place to the rotten
bold, and the perfume is wanting.
These rose fields continue in profitable
bearing for fifteen orsixteen yeais, when
they are plowed up. But other fields
are ready with their full quota of flow-
ers, so there is no lack of the water per-
fumed with a thousand flowers.
Three thousand pounds of the leaves
make one ounce of the ottar of roses. it
is manufactured as follows: To twenty
pounds of leaves add one hundred and
sixty pints of water. Keep thisatagentle
heat until twenty-pints of water is dis-
tilled off. This contains nearly all the
perfume of the leaves, which are then
thrown away with the remaining water.
This operation is repeated until all the
leaves are used. This water is again dis-
tilled, when asironger water isobtained,
so strong that the essence in solution
floats on top of the water.
The Island of Rhodes was once a vast
r6se garden, hence its name, Rbodon be-
ing the Greek word for rose. They were
the first people to extract the perfume.
The art was atterwardA acquired by the
Romans, and then, by the Moors, who iu-
troduced it into the r ast, where it still
continues a great industry, giving em-
ploy men to a large number of people.
The rose interest is increasing in this
country. According to Vick the sale of
plants last year amounted to l,l.i00,00.i
Most of these were grown on their own
roots, budded plants having fallen into
disrepute. But we think they should not,
as the most beautiful and satisfactoiv
plants are raised that way; and the 6nly
objection to them; as far'as we knot, i's
.the suckers, which areeasily kept down,
and when budded low this is little
trouble. The same authority also states
that in 1885 the trade sold 24,000i),00-cut
roses., It is an extensive -business.. as
well as a. pleasantand p;ofitable.one.
Jqpan; although growing-many beau-
tiful flowers of various kinds, has but
few roses. Yet it-is,not.a roseless.coun-
:try bya any means: A,beautiful specimen
of.single rose grows there. called the R.a-
manas rose.. The botanical.name is Rosa
rwgosa.- It is somewhat wrinkled, as its
name.-imiplies,.and the foliage-rough and:
thick apd. isaeldom attacked-,iby.jp.nects;-
iltsperuttme is.the veryipurest and best ofl
rosej'ragrance.:-.This grows well eyen in
:poor soilj, and will throw' up. stemsasixor
eight feetthigh. -The original- has .flow-.
eraof. abtighc.red.and si almost as hand-
some in fruit-as :.in :.lowers. ...The tips
ailearge and-numerous and of ,he same
'bright color; ... .. .-:
* KEuope has produced a double flower
of',this r.ariety arid if itloses more ,-'aits;
desirablequalities' by. this transfoi'ma-'
tion it .will ..show .the progress -being,
made tin this .line. The .color of:.the1
do.ub.Q.rose Is'darker than that of. the:
single. This, if anything, is-an-imnpro~e-;
.ment.. The rose is'found, in the green-
houses-of.New York and perhaps -in
Florida. '.At'least.it ought to,6e here -if
fodits. perffumeiealone.'. ."- : -
,. :The rose belongs to, and is thetype ofi
the-tamily of plants called;A'Rgswc'eo. To
this family belongs the most valuable of
our fruits and flowers.
There is no limit to the variety of roses.
Amateurs are continually sending out
new hybiids, and adding new beauty to
the already large number. The dog or
wild rose, having but five petals, ia a
type of the rose in its natural form. The
double rose presents the stamens and pis-
tils changed into petals by cultivating
The seed of the rose, like most other
,eed, is not always true to the mother
plant, aud it is well that it is not so. for
by the seed we are enabled to get roses
far superior to the original plant. We
do not think more has been written of
any plant than the rose. All times and
all ages have done it honor, and to-day
the subject is as interesting as ever,
while the rose itself has increased in
beauty. The Twentieth Book of Pliny's
Botauncal History treats of the rose.
Virgil and many other learned writers
have written more or less on this sub-
In ancient tunes but little was known
about propagating or hybridizing the
rose, yet so great was the quantity
giown that beds were said to be made of
the leaves. These ancient writers tell of
varieties unknown to us at the present
time. Yet we have no reason to believe
that they were in any way superior, if
as rine, as ours of to day. The secret of
forcing aud retarding the blooming of
roses was known to the Roman garden-
era, which enabled them to keep differ-
ent beds in bloom the year round; that
is, while one bed was dormant another
was in full bloom, so they were never
without roses for the Emperor and no-
bles, who spent extravagant sums for
One might get some idea of how many
were used when it is 6aid that all the
florits in the world to-day could not
supply the demand of ancient Rome
Southern Eirope excels in rose cul-
tuie. There the fragranceand beauty of
the rose gardens make them -a joy for-
ever." The Moors in Spain paid great
attention to this industry, making it a
pr,,minent pursuit. Their historians
speak of roses as being red, white, yellow
aud blue. Another writer describes
them as being purple, white, yellow and
flesh color. It is quite recently that the
yellow rose came into notice,' and the
green isnewer still, so we may yet hope
to see the sky blue one. And there is a
fortune for somebody who plants the
lucky seed that brings it. In the Eastt
there are rose tiees. and so there are in
the West, for we do not allow any tor-
eign country to get far ahead of us. The
people of Cashmere have a feasrof 'roses,
when they are most abundant. There
they dauce on carpets of roses and rest
on beds of them when Tired. We would
not object to carpets or beds of roses, but
will leave the dahce to the barbarians.
Money spent by the wealthy in lavish
sums for a profusion of nature's offer-
ings, is not.wasted as some think, but i;
well spent, as it dot osly adds to the en-,
joyment of the senses, but it enlarges
the sphere of usefulness :t the florint and
circulates among the workmen who are
forever building the structure that adds
more and more to our well being and to
our advancement in the road to a well
established and cultured civilization.
America has been behind hand in this
industry, not because the surrounding
influences were not favorable; but-be-
cause of her m any andvaried industries;:
hurrying as she does from one thing to
another, each has to await its turn. We
think that the dayol the roses has cone;
and that those sent out by many of our
florists come up to the highest standard
GUIDE T"T-JFIIG GUWI
Til ow i.. r..ow an- preplrirc the Fig, andtlecriabesodur newi-
COMMERCrAL SMTRNA, "
Only ,en-ui,,e "Fig of ,-:.mneroi."e sndn- e dneet 6d in the worl.l, Also, Ticap.nl and NewFruils
ni ic fi n eiet 6t.:,-:k c-, NuA- in rtht-country. A.dIres. "irhi Siitp.
t LORIDA HORTICUTI RURAL C"'.MPAN'Y,
Curtler, Dnde ouny, Fla.
Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DUNEDIN, HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY. FLORIDA.
W i; m: ks a stpeeual- .r rhe di.tirtr.-rivmv. riverl'e tr Citern, N'ierserv Ti.es. u..ca as D.:-uble
Initlrria., Rlverai .:l r.lie ,jers a- silctied by i a uimniber i., nr- C.: ..ira in CialifoI nial, an
Wa3rn;t.:.n N -'l3. Mnaite" Bdo.-i, Hait l ai'Iff. I).i RHi. Jiffa, ta r'. seles, Tarne,
ie. ln'Lt.-iion- n 'iv, aIir -Villa Fran.-i, tclair Prcniai, -i,a i Geua li and Eturika.'l Jeo.TAbiti
L ens.ir. Pr n.:-. Bid,-,w l,'s Early, e-'.i, Pjnmi., Wir.ier A.-irate; FIg etc., .i.-
Our Su-.L: i ir. arnd c.:.rai-.lete, tht aind clean. Catnlogne freeon application.
Aitlir,-, A. L. DUN(. N. AN Mi iger;. Dtnne-lin; -
CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.,
PRODUCE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
A N D-
DEALERS IN GARDEN
AND FIELD SEEDS.
We are now prepared to furnish
FRESH TURNIP AND CABBAGE SEEDS.
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.
Callnogne sent free onl apliienion.
FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
Kelsey JaDii Plums, Olive Trees, Orai os, Fi Lemols, Pens,
By the dozen, hundr.-d or 'rous'inld,also a full! spply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Florida Hard the ull *Ataiea. Am now iiboojiri orders for Fall delivery season
of[ It 7-' r. XW rtle for Prii,:s. Catil.su free on application.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSEBIES, G. L, Tdoer, Prop., Glen St. Mary, rij
THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
Ar-.: i t- Mrad l FREE, :, liL'l u,
A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST.
r... y :id, .ru-.. t. mMnumD'.ate worth E. H. TION, M n .,iar. Laeliitodl P:l i. A o.. Fin
O 40'B size oxo100 e V W' on Lake E.ingeIey.Clay Co..onlyi.elo. A
rfeel in c-- V eoiie 5a-nre ratel for an ORANGE
GROVE costs blt i!OO. : .- -
HI igh r ',ILn, Pi:e L -l,',s, 'i l-ri'.u-: Cl iruite, a g-..- InV t. r i n. .
S mr-it. ..enf "-.,.tt iD Ia Uii for Ma -,, r *,- r i' tjilt P. (i0. '. .lr r, -l.l Il*
J Bsrjk l-rait to JOHN T. i iALBO ir, au- -- Wti alint- Dea rDtlr'r HI S*flil ..
p neii'h l--.:.a' [bL --h
TIrPlOICAL tA-,AND CO1V\IPA.N-Y,"
P. o. Box. 14i.Jacksouville. Florida. 39 %V. Bay st.
cL r El r's :
New York, Charleston and Florida
STEAMSHIP LINES. ..-
Th-l.- .leg t -t -.te i r-,ri .:.t thi. e rIlne i a pi.:.E ar r 1
FROM JACKSONTILLE- .-. ...-- ..- E- 's- THi .SDA-
FROM FERNANIINA. .R. .. V .lB rNDAY
Steaier are arrinted rt.- cail ir,-mr Pier e, E. R.. New York. cverT TUF. arinFRBIDAY
ar 3 p. ra. Ta.iar schipsp for Fei-raiidina andi Frida', e shbip, for.Jauiikon'i. -
The Freight 6-1- Panenger ac-omnmodstionEi by trii Line are uiisurpae y e.--Erera retentionn
-will rae given bnies, eartra'td t ti- he -Line. Dircli at siiipieitu ircnu.NeT-York via CLYDE'S
FLORIDA LINE, Pier 2'', East River. For lurtnr-r ilrmauat appitO, 0
J. A. STEAD, A't, ,- F.AM. IRONMONG-iER,.JR.,'G. F. & P. ,'. A.1.A. LESLLE, A "'I,
Fernandjnu. Fla. Ja,-ke.nurEe. Fia. B'W. Bay St., .arcaksfopS tl].i
ITHEO. G EGER. TramtlebManager. Will. P. CLYDE' :CO."GeowA.vAI' 1W
3- I 35 Bro-as'iwy, N. Y. 12.; WlnbrcE6, Pl0t.e Pa.,5 ,Bioadway. New Tork
P.C. M.iNNLH, .-, 4j,^i^_pJ5^; i.r- r..
-'-" -'- :, C,--X- I Jswt
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.: SEPTEMBER 28, 1887.
A CHEAP FERTILIZER.
How Wire Grass May Serve
-a Good Purpose.
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
To make farming successful in Florida,
a farmer must have his lands made rich,
so that he can make several crops in a
season, instead of only one as at the
North, where the seasons are short. Hav-
ing this advantage, Florida should be the
best farming country in the United
States. I will give your readers a good
plan for making all their manures with-
out the use of stock, and with a smali
amount of money.
Choose a low place near a swamp or
lake, where the soil is pretty good and
the wire grass is tall and thick, and tc
have it so I keep fire from burning it
every year. Cut the grass up with an
inch or two of -sck Make a pen of rails
or poles. Dissolve a half bushel of good
lime in a'barrel of water. Let it remain
two or three days, keeping it stirred oc-
casionally, before using it, for the water
to get all the strength out of the lime.
Throw the sod in the pen, about one foot
thick, then pour the lime water on,
enough to wet the sod pretty-well. Then
put in more sod, and lime water on every
layer of sod, until the pen is five or six
feet high. The dissolved lime will cause
the grass and sod to take a heat in a few
days. Let it remain two or three months
and, it will all be rotted-and ready tc
make the compost heap. I find to dis-
solve:the lime in water is much better
than to use the lime alone, causing de-
conposition much sooner.
Now we need a little moqney-to buy a
few tons of crushed cotton seed and a
ton oriso of rotted bone. Both are cheap.
costing from fifteen to twenty-fiOre dol-
lars per ton. Also a few sacks of salt
are needed. When ready to make the
compost heap, remove the rails from
around the sod pile. Have a long han-
dled broad axe tocut the pile down with,
by hewing the sod. This cuts it up fine,
and pulverizes the sod, so that it may be
mixed with the cotton seed and bone.
Put 'one bushel of the crushed cotton
seed, to one gallOridf bondf meal and one
quart of salt-probably two quarts
would not be too much-to three bushels
of the rotted grass sod. Put it in a pen
as before, and let it remain a month be-
fore using it. Keep the top covered
with soil or muck, so as to prevent the
ammonia from escaping.
I think, Mr. Editor, if our farmers
would use this, instead of buying chem-
ical fertilizers and sending all their
money out of the State, t at in a few
years they would be the most indepen-
dent set of people in the country. Be-
sides, it will improve and make their
lands richer every year, while chemical
fertilizers leave tne land just as poor as
it was as first, and I believe make it worse.
Some one may ask if I have e\er used
this manure -myself, and, if so, is my
land any better than it was when I com-
menced using it. Ten years ago I bought
the place I am now living on. There
was an old field.of some seventy acres
cleared, which had been in cultivation
twenty years before the war. At the
time I moved here an old darker was
li'.ng on the place, and had planted live
or six acres in corn. The corn stalks
were four or five feet high,and I do not
think he made one bushel of nubbins
per acre. The labd was so poor that it
would hardly sprout cow peas. Poorer
land I neversaw in Florida.
After busing the place I went up to
the railroad station to take the cars for
Lake City. to inform the madam that I
had bought the poorest piece of land I
ever saw. She answered, N"Why did
you buy it? How can we make'a liv-
ing there, if it is so poor?" Mly remark
was. "Wife, there is already a half of a
living made." "What is that?" she
asked "We have got the Best well of
water in Florida; and you know that is
halt a living,. and I think I can make
bread and potatoes enough for the other
half. There is cay near the surface
which will hold all the manure. The
land is level and cannot wash away. I
know it cannot go down, and I think I
can make as much soil as we will need
for making vegetables and bread.'
I well remember when I returned to
the depot. It was reported there that
Horne had bought the old Barbour place.
There was some dozen men in the store,
and they wpre talking and said it was
the poorest place in Baker county, and
that I woi Id starve to death there. There
was not much encouragement for me.
but I could but smile. Some one knew-
me and remarked, "That old fellow
,could make a living on top of a gopher's
bac k.." "
WeUll, I put the boys to breaking up
the old field, plowing just as de-ep as- a
large mule could pull the plow.- An old
Cracker neighbor came aleng'and saw
the boy plowing nearly a foqt deep. Heb
topped and looked' at him perfectly
amazed to see how deep he was plowing.
Said he,.' --My friend,youare killing this
land by~plowing it. so .deep. That is not
the w..y .we,. plow'.in, this "country,"
(lhihcning I wa.sa Yadkee and did not
linowl. My. remark *Is, "It- is already
as.pbor.a JolWs-turkey.' I ca6 not make
the'maetter worse, and I know just what
'kind of medicine, to give that old field."
'He shook his heaa ard said'no one should.
pifow his landlt.,a'cw'foi- a hundred
*dollars. "'Well. old -mna'n, we will see,'' I
said. .." "yes,.' aaidh 'ec,"you will starve if
'tat is theivjayv.ypu plow." ,.
.2-fNow let..us see what I made that'year
on-m, .myegetable-.crop. I planted one
acre in garden.peaa. (the McNeil variety),
- fertilized 'it '.'"l'itlt'sdme kind of fer-
tilhzer. rhaib-e'en'.vritngabput, only I
*did not bavethe bone in it and used two
'h..Bundred pounds of chemical fertilizer
'w-it h it.-.I-- realized two--isadred ,and
-*'flfty dollars .fo'rmy pea -crop.-- Then- I
-:,planted my- land in' corn, the.mlddle -d'
'-4:.':j.'ril iandinladei=thirt_"bushels of corn.
I.sowed .;Ieafiih--.July.:between .the rows
-and made a good pea crop. The crab
grass came up and made'fine hay, which
I cut. The pea vines and hay were
enough to feed my mule for several
months. The balance of my crop con-
Ssisted of beans and Irish potatoes, which
did well. After the Irish potatoes had
been dug, in July, I put sweet potatoes
on the same land, without any manure,
8 and madethree hundred bushels per acre.
I stayed right here all the time and have
been starving ever since, but I am nriot
quite dead yet. That old field, to-day,
is the best piece of land in Baker county,
' without it is some that has been cow-
Spenned. It will make cotton six feet
high, and twenty bushels of corn to the
acre, without manure. Have used my
Some made fertilizer all the while. As
d long as our farmers buy chemical fertil-
izers they never can improve and build
Sup their lands. My friends what I have
written are facts, and what one man can
- do others may do. W. P. HORNE.
d MCCLENNY, Fla., September 20, 1887.
t Sweet Potato Vines.
S We have long thought that the vines
Sof the sweet potato might go far toward
supplying the much felt want of forage
in the South. This opinion is held by
Sthe author of a new manual of "Sweet
Potato Culture," which is thus reviewed
by the Petersburg Rural Messenger:
Mr. Fitz, in his book on "Sweet Potato
n Culture," says, "the vines and -leaves
Compose a large and valuable portion. of
y the crop." We readily admit the high
Value of potato vines (green) as a food
V for cattle, sheep and hogs, that especially
s cows and sheep devour them greedily,
and they are doubtless nutritious food.
They are fine for milch cows and will
Increase the flow of milk very much.
This we assert despite the prevalent su-
perstition among farmers that sweet po-
Stato vines "dry up the milk." Hogs are
Slessfond of the vines than cattle or
sheep, but will eat them when nothing
else is placed before them. A family
Shaving but one cow and a patch of say a
e half acre of sweet potatoes,may feed the
cow onpotato vines exclusively from
first of August to digging time, the very
period when drouths are generally most
prevalent in.this section. We are ready,
Therefore, to accord high value to sweet
potato vines as a summer food, but' do
not admit that they are equal to the field
pea or clover. Mr. Fitz speaks of curing
them and feeding drvilike hay. This we
have never tried, but doubt not that it
could bedone, and in seasons when other
forage is likely to be" scarce, farmers
would-do well to economize the vines in
this way. L
A sweet potato vine is said to make a
fine ornamental feature to grow in the
house. At a time when so much atten-
tion is given by the female portion of
the family at least, to the decoration of
the home with flowers and rare plants,
this use of the sweet potato is entitled to
notice. It serves to show the great ca-
pabilities of our ctop. When so much
can be said in behalf of the vine and
leaves alone, the high value of the sweet
potato crop to the Southern farmer be-
comes apparent. It is a crop that no
family can afford to neglect. All should
grow it for home use at least, and with
good cellars, which every farmer may
have, it may be made as profitable as
cotton, tobacco or peanuts. At the small
average of 150 bushels per acre, sold at
say forty cents per bushel, the gross in-
come is about equal to an acre of pea-
nuts. It is certainly less troublesome to
cultivate. Then there are the potatoes
left in theground, etc., the strings t'or
the hogs, which often help very much
towards fattening them.
The soil. too, of a potato patch is
always greatly improved in consequence
of the liberal quantityof manure usually
put upon it. So that the cultivation ot
the sweet potato becomes a benefit all
around. Every family should have its
quarter or half acre patch: and one or
two acres is none too much for men of
larger means, etc. As a fertilizer, too,
it is claimed that the vines are superior.
There can be no doubt but that they help
very much to enrich the soil where
grown. Half rotted, they make, so our
author claims, a fine mulch for fruit
trees. It is not necessary to add any-
thing to these suggestions, as they will
impress themselves favorably upon the
intelligence of your readers who have
their eyes and ears open for new and im-
proved methods of farming.
The Cotton Worm.
A correspondent of the Newbern Jour-
nal says: As the cotton worm is appear-
ing earlier than usual and also in new
places, in tbisand tbeadjoining.counties,
it is important that. tho remedy should
be' known and used. promptly. One
pound of pure Paris green, mixed with
25 to 40 pounds o6f flour of inferior qual-
ityor with the samae amount of lindd
plaster or slack lime, and dusted on the
cotton.stalk from a tin duster with per'-
forated bottoms, will kill the cotton
worm :ind.savp the crop. It is poison
and must be-'arefully handled. Mix, in
a covered barrel, with either a cloth,'6n
the top or a cover %% ith a hole in center.
Stand on windward side when using it.
,-* 4.n ---r: ._
Tobacco Growing in France.
Int.France tobacco, growing, is under
government control and directed&2ty
revenue officers. In the -southern por-
tion 4,000 .plants only are allowed to -
be .set-to the acre, while in their northern -
part 20.000. plants may be grown on~an
acre. In Alsace the limit is 12,000 plants.
to-the acre. The yield. is. .500- to 1,500
Ibs. to the acre, andis generally proving
unprofitable except as by its culture'tbe
land is so well prepared for other crops.'
An exchange says: Farmers who grow
cotton should make-is a. point to have
their baleSpadked-of not less than '400
pounds weight, 'since by the- new regu-
lations one-fourth of-aicent per pound is
to beidddhdted-from alf' balesunrder that i
-weight.- It'is.qtiite an important mat- ']
.teraid is -egulited- by the Nev@ York
Cotton Exchange, the new rule going
into effect September 1st next.
How to Save Green Forage for
S Winter Use.
A Texas farmer who has had great
success with ensilage-his preference be-
ing for sorghum-gives the following
advice through the Texas Stockman:
You can build a silo of brick, cement,
stone or wood. The only real points are
to be' sure you exclude effectually the
air-building to be air tight. Then put
on pressure sufficient to force or press
out of the cut feed the air. This done
once, it will not spoil, but will keep
sound any length of time in any climate.
My silo is dug in the side of a clay bluff,
with a good roof over it. But if I build
again, which I expect to do, I will adopt
the following plan and build of wood on
top of the ground: Lay your fpindation
of brick, cement, stone or logs fiat on
the ground, good 8x10 sides. If you use
either of the first three, put the sills on
top of the walls, bedding it down deep
enough, in the walls to make it air tight
above and below. Now take pieces-2x8,
twelve or sixteen, or any length you may
want to make the wall of the silo. In-
sert these into jams in the sills every two
feet apart all round. Put on good strong
plates, with girders every four feet at
top, and good roof over this and you
have the frame with suitable braces as
indications may require. Take inch
boards of the best heart pine and nail on
a wall on the inside, letting the lower
edge of the first board where, ft comes
down on the sill, come out flush with
the inner side of the sill. Carry this wall
to top of frames. Now take thick felt
paper, which may be purchased of any
furniture dealer, yard wide on rolls, and
tack this all over the inside of this wall
securely. Get coal tar, to be had in any
town where there is a gas factory at a
small price; thea thoroughly saturate the
paper with this tar.- Now put on another
wall outside of this similar to the first
one, only be careful to break the joints.
SBy this means you will have a snug,
strong and thoroughly air tight silo at
less cost than any plan I know of.. You
will want a door iu one .end, eight feet.
wide to admit your cart-when you come
to feed ensilage out. Make your door to
fit and open outside. Whenyoufill the
silo put an inside wall over the door and
fill in space between the width of door
facing with dirt. If you make your wall
more than ten.feet: high, it will be best
to place braces every four or six feet, se-
securely fastened in the: groundanrd to
the wall about half wayits height on the
Now you are ready to fill it. Get you
a cutter,. there are several kinds made
for this purpose. If you intend to build
a good sized silo you had better get a
first class cutter. If you will write to the
Bell City Feed and EnsilageCutter Com-
pany, Racine, Wisconsin. they will send
you a circular giving you all the infor-
mation you need. Mine is of their best,
and will cut corn or ,sorghum as fast as
three men can take it from a wagon and
shove through in armfuls; will cut from
thirty to sixty tons per day. You can
place at the side and the endless chain
carrier will carry the feed and drop it in
the silo as fast as cut. You will need
one or two hands with pitchforks to
spread the cut feed and tramp, especially
around the edges. It is not necessary to
so thoroughly tramp it as was at one
time supposed, only keep evenly spread.
Don't fill too rapidly: a day or two's let
up will give it time to settleand will not
injure the feed. If you have a lengthy
silo, place your cutter at the end and
iun an endless chain the full length,
within say ten feet of the end., letting it
rest on the girders at theend of thesilo,
with holes in trough of carrier every fif-
teen feet to let the feed drop through. ,
When you are through cutting, or get
your silo full, place a floor on top of the
feed of inch boats reaching across the
same. leaving an inch space at each as
play for boards to drop down without
touching as the miass drops down. It
will drop several feet. On top of this
floor place a pressure of say t00 or 250
pounds per square foot. Some use screw
power, but I am not satisfied with this,
as it is nota continuous pressure. Stones,
earth, brickbats, cord wood, or a very
good way. saw logs of wood from two to
three feet long. according to siz,:- and
placed ou end. They can be lifted to the
top of the silo with'a block and tackle.
with a horse at ihe rope, rapidly and
with ease. Drop them at the end, and
with a pair of trucks they can.be rolled
over the floor,'or if near the tot. on top of
girders and dropped in their place.
When removing, they can be trucked to
a hole in the side and dumped out with
Ensilage weighs from forty to fifty
pounds to the cubic foot. Get .ou a large
coke fork to handle it. It.is used to
handle coke, as its name indicates; has
ten or twelve long, slender, elastic steel
tines, and curved slightly on the side.
With this you can cut down the sides of
the wall, taking it out perpendicular
also. Be a little careful not to uncover
too much at a time. The way your top
is put on you can take off one plank or
half a dozen at a time, but not too fast,.
as it will injure.
Picking :Leaves From Plants.
-The owners' of geraniums, coleus
planhs,"etc., who are in the habit of pick-
ing them for boquetsshould understand
a -little point which is too often over-
loked; The practice of simply picking
the-leaves, is a pernicious one, for it in-
duces the plant to grow in a spindling
macicier, piroduccing few leaves and long
ungainly stalks that destroy the utility
df the platit and its beauty, in one opera-
tion. The true way is to generously,
break off a large end of the branch, or
shoot, three or four inches from its ter-
minus, when new sprouts will- at once
start out and take its -place, and the-
plant will preserve a busby appearance,
producing a luxuriance of foliage which.
is very grateful to the owner. The best
results, "however, cannot be obtained
with these plants, more than with those
af any other variety unless the ground
is kept exceedingly fertile. Do not be
afraid to'fertilize 'it in 'every possible development of her vast store of hidden
way. For this purpose phosphates, ashes, resources."
Boot, bones, and scraps from the table, Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights,
and even the dishwater, water from the writes, under date of July 2: "You can
washing, etc., containing the soap suds, not imagine the solid comfort I getfrom
is o benfit~~x. .notimagine the sclid co:mfort I get from
Sis of great benefit.-Ex. -the sensible advice given in the FARMER
S AND FRUIT-GROWER in all matters per-
HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED. training to the farm, from your able
corps of contributors and the logical
-A Few of Many Exresin o"'".t views of the editor. The paper is a God-
- Few of Many Expressions o0 send to the granger who is threading
S Approval. the labyrinthai ways0of Florida farming
' ,, .. ", a n d f rui t g r o w in g ." '
3 Mr. R. J. Wright, of Tangerine, writes fr P g o w -g -
Sas follows: ''Your paper has more than Mr.P.- C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes,:
Shield its own, and is getting better every "The new paper is just what all engaged
week. There is a freshness about it that in tilling .the soil should have. WeLike
makes every number an agreeable sur- the style in which it is managed. Facts
prise." and not boom talk is what is needed for
S" .., the advancement of Florida."
Mr. Ezra A. O0sborne, the owner of the th a n. m ofF o ra
immense cocoanut groves on the south- -Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmotith.
ern coast, writes from his home in New Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: 'I
Jersey: "The FARMER'-AND FRUIT- think your paper the best, agricultural
GROWER is ahead of any other paper. I paper publisLedl in the South."
have seen in showingus Northerners the Mr. J. V. IDaiusby, of Pensacola, ex-
great agricultural advantages of Flor- Preses himself as follows: "The -FARER
ida." AND FRUIT-GROWER is the best thing in
'Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and its way I have seen. It is just the paper
stationer of Palatka, writes, under date needed, and if you keep it up tp the pres-
of June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER AND ent standard of excellence must become
FRUIT-GROWER is a perfect success. .It popular with the people. I can't see
is far ahead of anything of the kind in where you hnve lett any riom for im-
the State, and every one interested in rrovemen "-t.
horticulture or agriculture should not be Mr. J. R. Campbell, of Paisley, \writes
without it." to us as, follows: "'Out of five papers I
Capt. R. E. Rose, president of the St. take, yours is the only one I read every
Cloud Agricultural and .Improvement wordof." .
Co., writes from Kissimmee, under Mr. John'A. Germond. of Keuka,
date of June 10th, as follows: "The writes, under date of July 5, as follows:
FARMER continues to improve, and, as I '"I consider the FARMER AND FRUIT-
predicted, is becoming the, standard ag- GROWER- the peer -of any agricultural
ricultural journal of the South." paper published in the South."
Mr. G M. Whetston, of. Mkesvle, Mrs. A. H. H.;of Winnemisset Fia.,
Columbia county, writes under date of writes as follows: "We are new comers
August 80: "The- FARMER '.AND FRUctr- and have much to learn, and your paper
GROWER is the bestjournalof its kind in is just what we Lave wished for ever
the South. It is doing a good work since we arrived here. "Our Cosy Cor-
toward advancing farming industry in ner'contains just what every woman in
Fiorida." Florida ought to read, words of encour-
Mr..F.S. Sprague, of Federal Point, 'agement and comfort to the homesick,
a -R"Snrlnc Irli' '"1:1'--weary. srrugglimg Ssiserhood. God
expresses his opinion as follows: "I hve wear gglng sisterhood God
taken agricultural and horticultural pa- bless 'H. fH. May she live to write
pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro- many words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
nounce the E.IJDA FARMER AND FRT- are so well suited to Florida. As our
GROWER fa-'uperior to them-all. You resources in tlhe country are limited.
need not eiftertain fears for its success, they fl a large want ."
Its merits will win its way. Please send : Mr. W. W. Dewhurst, ofSt. Augustine,
me an extra-.copy to send to a friend in writesof the FARMER AND FR-UTGROWER
Michigan, who will probably wish to under date of July 13: "Its character is
subscribe." greatly in advance of anything ever be-
Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Green fore printed in Florida of its class, and
Land and Improvement Company, its aim is so near what we have long
writes under date of May Od: ,r"We needed that I feel it a duty to-give it aid.
think THE FARMER &AND FRUIT-GROWVER The farmers and others holding the in-
the best to be had for farmers in Flor- terests of the Stateabove private specula-
ida. We always get new ideas from it." tion, must organize to control the Legis-
Mr. E. W. Amsden. df Ormond-on-the- nature aud they need a- newspaper to
Halifax, whites as follows: "I am tak- educate them and prepare to work out
ing ten papers on agricultural subjects, the subjects for legislation and secure
unity of action." P,
and if asked to surrender the FARMER ato"
AND FRTUIT-GROWER, I would tell them
to take the other nine, but leave me IP F. "X "'IISOS''
that. May peace and plenty and years GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA. -
of grace be given you to continue the -It
good Work.'" -. ." : .- -FrLEc IN :
Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county, Choice Field and Oarden Seeds,
writes: "I believe your paper will do a And altb carries a lull tee of Agr;,-urural Im-
good work in disseminating new ideas in plenmeurts. Catalopue- tre- on appellation. :
regard to fruit raising, farming, stock j 1 .ACLOVER AND TURF GRASiS.
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island: (L:pedef:str;atiotnrd Paspalurii platyer ule.)
"Judging from what I have seen of the IlUustrated and deiribbed In FLc.RiDA& FaRuaT
FARMER AND FRuIT-GROWERI. it is the AND Fitu OGRowR.
bestL agricultural paper published in the Supplied at $1.00 per thousand,
South. I predict immense success for it.'" --S-- '
Prof. S. N. Whitner, of the Agricul- T. K. OODBEY, Waldo. florida. -"
tuial College of Florida, writes as fol-
lows;. "'I can say;inall sincerityit haWD
exceeded my most sanghineexpectfations.G o W W Il0 and Mie mpalNals
Already it is without a peer iu all the MAITLA[ID.HURSERIES.
Mr-. ~-'hais :W S d O .,- Order Now it vou wish to be in time.
Mr. Chliats W; Stevens,'-of Orange w rr
county, writes: "Your paper far es- We. :ffeNr:rFNE WAiinrDeIveiN AVcEL'"
lot of GENUINE WASHINGTOIN NAIVELS,
cc-ds the hopes of; the most sanguine .Al,.-, the VILLA FRANCA, best and naraie-t oi
in its good work. It fdls a want Le.nu.:ns. Ati. Earu-ly Spanish, Jaffa. Msiorca,
long felt in this part for a good ag- .mltn Oval, ard Da.rlyTaU varieties o- Orang, -
Lemos on- L-me "e- asic- omo ic-n t~he
riclctural paper. Success to you." irst time to Floria change growers the :
Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at MaIn- DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL, '
bar. writes: "'I am delighted with the
FARMER aND FRUIr-GROWER, and rec- Moast Pr.:.ifli. Navel known, and the
ommend it to allt on account of its corn- ATWOOD'S ;EEEDLES NAVEL. '
plete adaptation to the wants of this lat- KDE
itude. KKEDNEY& CAREY. c
Mr. C. H. Goodrich. of Orange Park, Wmiter-Park, Orange Counity, Fta.
writes: "I must say that the FARMER Fill.
AND FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly the best Vi ii llu Pnlt Var
publication of thie kind in the State. I issuiipupiVtlle Po ilUIltr Iyltd, T
take them all and can compare their
merits." J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r, -
Prof. D, L. Phares, the eminent pro-
fessor of biology in the Agricultural Col- GRENADA, MISSISSIPPI, -
lege of Mississippi, says in the Southern
Lire Stock Jornal: "His [the editor's] Breeds Prize Winning ,
valuable paper already appearing in the Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes, Brown
first numbers are tfulfilling our expecta- o Wadottes, Brown
tion and prediction. They may be fully Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
relied upon for conscientious correc- GO F L F E ATAL : TIME-
nes' of statement and scientific accur- GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE ATALLTIMES. 6
acy of detail." EGGS IN SEASON.
Hon. J. Wi. Ewan, writing from Won all the Leading Prizes al the r
Miami, Dade county, says: ":Certainly North Msissippi Ponltry Show at
you are doing a good work- in establish- water Valley Fob 9 to 12 187. c
nlug an enlightened and scientific system Water Valley, Feb. 9 o 12,1887. -c
of agriculture which heretofore has Farmer wishing to Improve their stock can i
been seriously neglected. Your papers e SPECIAL BARGAINS of me. also sell a s
inviting in appearance, pure in senti- "t r.
ment, and progressive in principle, and First-Class Incubator
surely must succeed." Poultry Journals and Books at Reduced Prices.
Mr. Thomas Meehan, Ihe dietingished en-d for Catalogue and Priee TLlt, free; or
horticulturist and proprietor of the Ger- Pteae mefior on this pa.r.
mantowb nurseries, in a letter dated r.
Mdrch 5th, writes: "I am very much D OTAL PALIM NtJJISERIES.
pleased with the' FARMER AN FRUIT- J.I ._
GROWVER, and shall read it regularly,
which you know, is a high compliment MANATEE, F ORIDA.
for an editor to pay to an exchange." Rare tropical, ornamental and fruit lani'tekc (C
Hon rJ. C:Point, of Manatee, wntes as open aircuinre in Florida, andfor the (Norb-er S
fol. l ows too, on your, paper as greesphouae. Also, a full line of semi-rropic:'. i
follows: "'I look upon your paper as trees, plants and grasses, and general nu'en
one of the itost valuable additions to stock adapted to Florida and cheSouth
our agricultural interests It isably Exotics from India, Ausrralia and the Wet:
our agricultural, mterests It IS ab- y ludles. many of them never before^,Jtrodrcc
_edited, practical, directs attention to into the United States. -. .
matters of primary importance in the The most complete descriptive oatate': 5-
dpvelopment of our various industries, trpa ad'a irto ,-,,.a nw pnbtiah....
and carries with ita spirit of energy and ceept of It cents.
enterprise that must address itself to ev- REASOBESBBOS-;. ,
ery searcher after information." ...- i. ......---- *1M.aqatee.- n ,
-: Ma'. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nicholas, Am In r F BI'n' :l[.'--^A'-' -
Duval. county,, writes under .date ,of 1THE'R 'Tu, D EA-
April 26th : "THE FLORm'A F M AMD" '-B^THE klf'- n a s
FRUI.TGROWER has far eurpassee expe,-= ., v.rn. .m^a .od poro io work oris.
tations. It sheds light on many obscure neruidrum. -osalillcomfortableaud alays In poilacn. Alt
pages in the book of Florida's possibili- 5W o str i BdoS, .Adders, orhalll. rtii.B
ties in fruit, forage, live stock and in the 853 Broadway, Now lorL MImons cli, cr.
.. ~ -AND- '
DEVOTED TO THE-
'this -;.:.aru -will have for it6 leadtingobject
the proci'lion i-i rural induorries in Florida, and
iwil advocate rcppeiially a more dit-rsLied and
intensiveT cytem "1f !ericuLiure and greater
economy or bhnme resources.
Aksuiming that tbhe agriculrural adaptationsof
a large portion of Florda are as yet but imper-
fechlv undersrtcod. a special aim of this ioarnal
will be toi describe the hetr results which have
been accomplished, with the esact methods em-
plo:,wd, an all influence affecting nuch results;
5l.z' to nugget ex-periment, d.eeribe newor tile
known c r,:ips, frutc, etc:., and ret c.-rd Lthe progress
of agricnlrure in ne-htbormig States.
Colimencing with the ret number and con-
irnHLing thriglih the uason for -
rherit wal be a ferie. of arricle6 on frujIs-other
nan [ho e of tho cirrus grorp-which have
provedJ nmost uc..e:siui in this State. Each va- :
nit, will ie deicrterd and .
ind muere w.1i be notes riom persons who have
ind eXlCi'rien(e in is cultivation. Ths awilti be
fodl)wei Lv ta smdar series on .
And otierubijetais will be iltlurated to a lmited -
extent. ,- ,.
Much attention iviU be devoted to
And to the hi-me production o forage and fertti-
zer6, two iccnomiee w-hicn are essential to auc-
A due amount 0 f space wilU be denoted to
-oJiMehold eci'onomy and to reports of thq mar-
keta, and the departments of .
will be contributed to by persona-who have made
pecialtea of those branchedi.
All portions of the Siate will receive a dnea
a.mont of attention, and their mterests will be
presented by able correspondents.
SUnder no ctreunitances will thisjournal be-
ome the "organ" of any association or locally.
t will start ont unrrammelled and will repre-
ent all sections and interests with absolute im- .
publishedd at Jaoksohville on Wednesday -.' -
of each week.
PRICE Or SUUSCIP.ION:
nue Year -" ( 00 ; :
is Months '.............. Io.''1 0n .
tiree Months ; 60
8PEOIMBgN OOP1EB FR'S '
-A rssalubcritptiona and other business com.-
mnlcatlions to i .
J. H. JONES &-BRO.,
-, PUBLISHE]RS. '.;-
,Cocmnnicatlona for'-tbeedltorial department
tiouldbeaddresaedto ._,,. i ,,-*. r; ,.-
A. H. CURTISS, Editor,
.. ... .' =. .,*_ ".., .' ,. :,.^ ^
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 28. 1887.
-The Florida Farmner an Fruit Grower
A. H. CUITISS, Editor.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eight page 48 column illustra-
ted-weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy.
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
industrial interests of Florida. It is published
Terms of Subscription.
For one year........... 2.00
For six months 1.00
Clubs offlve to one address..................... 7.50
With daily TIMES-UNION, one year...... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year-........ 2.75
A-Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the4papers are
addressed is the date to which the subscrip-
tion is paid and is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that date; if the date Is not
changed immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
this paper. Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, butmust
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as a guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
not be returned.
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note Money Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of -
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FJRST PAGz-October; Choice Winter Bloom-
ers (Ilustrates); Peaches in Lake County; The
-' Orange Leaf Disease (Illustrated); Tobacco in
SEcoND PASG-New York Fruit Auction; Ex-
perience in Fruit Evaporation; Mr. Beecher
on Evergreens; Rose Culture; Picking Leaves
THIRD PAGE-A Cheap Fertilizer; Sweet Potato
Vines; Ensilage; The Cotton Worm.
F0onsTHPAos-T.':baii.,o,-n Fiourdi; TIxtsPrac-
tl ?a'v A[pils(ted; Vri.:,ii T,,pw i CoD,) ieie,' ;
HaEs Had Er,)uih; Cj-',)friat)on. the F. F. G.
A., Ei.; Poor Dikors! A W,-.r.i tor tfihe Mer-
cbants; TIre Co.oerjti'v' Mer M enint; TheAl-
hin-, 'i FiJrild z: i. i f'.r a !'onrenrion.
FImTH PAGE-Our Home Circle; Our Cosy Corner;
SAnswers to -. Correspondents; The Family
Friend; Our Young Folks' Corner.
SIxTa PaoE-Wbnt Ailed the Cow? "Lcren.
n.o an.] Draio-itc; A 'B t'v FelJral .H:,r.- :.n l JOiLorr-T; :F,-,tinog 'Catlu
S Sloppy TFo,,d; F,:-i.ng fior Butter; Tte
Arr-izhke fo:r H,.'.; P,:..ltr7 au Warm
S WeEirher; L.J WTeaknoE; Points About.
Poiilrrty; A Qi-,en Bwc Trap; Marketing
V8z-NEaatBAE-Firm Mlc:eell.iny (Illustrated);,
Serial Story, Tu-c,' Et.:,n Boys, by W. E.
S Norrl<; Etc. : : -I *
M Eoara PAo--State New; in Brief; Tobacco_
in Fiorirfa; Weather P.:,:,rd: LAitest MarkeL
Rer',,rte,- :.. '
TOBACCO IN FLORIDA. i
Florida is much indebted to Receiver
Dural. of the Florida Railway and Nav-
igation Company, for hisefforts to stimu-
late a renewed interest in the tobacco
crop. .Although working in behalf of a
transportation company he has done as
much, practically, as a State Commis-
sion could have accomplished. The re-
port of tihe commissioners employed by
Mr. Duvl will bhe found on the first and
last pages of this is-sue, with the excep-
tion of accounts of the rtethods of cul-
ture pursued in Cuba, Sumatra and the.
United States, which we reserve for pub-
lication earl-ly in winter-before seeding
Thisreport sho.,that, although this
year's crop is only one-tenth as great as
in years preceding the war, yet it is
eight or nine times greater than inl8&80.
Thisis encouraging, and there are indi-
cations that next year's crop .will be
many times greater. According to report
certain capitalists have been induced to
lend their assistance to the development
of this indcptry. It is shown'' that as
S Florida tobacco has been practically out
..qf)e market fo-,r more than a quarter of
S a century, a reputation or standing for it
must be made bet_)re.bhighest prices can
be realized;,buttf'. perseverance and in.
-, creasedp. -'i -the part ofproducers and
S-- the co-operaion of influental capitalists
it. is thought that Florida tobacco wilLat-
tain a standing within a few years only
second to that of Cuba.
The planters are recommended to use
seed from Sumatra and from the Vuelta
Abaio region of Cuba, and warned
against expecting that Cuban seed will
produce Cuban tobacco. Differences in
climate and soil may produce greater
S differencesthan seed in the quality of
S leaf.. The report claims that the Florida
tobacco growers are disposed to place
S: too high an estimate' on the quality and
value of their product. Other obstacles
are pointed out and remedies suggested. '
bThe'sprihg drougth is the 'imnbst serious
objection." Watering and shading are
sometirfies essential to the securing of an
The buildings used for curing the leaf
are found to be too right. Though not
suggested in the report, we shouldthink
that the common tobacco barn used in
Virginia-a-tall log.bouse without chink-
*,in-"shQuid be the kind used here. -' Re-
marks are offeredon the subject of top-'
ping, curing and sorting, and on methods
of protection'- from 'the -blid worm.- In',
"--. > ." -.T: : ."' --- -
this connection it is shown how profita-
bly a flock of turkeys may be kept. -
Florida's great advantage over other
States as to tobacco growing, consists i1
her longer season, which permits of three
cuttings from the same plant. The cli.
mate is also considered to be very favor-
able -on account of its humidity. The
soil, of nearly all varieties found in the
northern counties, is judged to be well
suited to tobacco culture. The commit-
tee of investigation did not extend its
observations south of Columbia and Su-
wanee counties. It offers various sug-
gestions and admonitions, and in sum-
ming up the case declares that Florida
"should become the leading tobacco
As tobacco-however objectionable in
itself-is an article which must be pro-
duced in immense quantity, we strongly
favor the encouragement of this indus-
try. It seems the readiest means of es-
cape from King Cotton. It furnishes
the raw material for an important man-
ufacture.which is rapidly growing in this
State. In fact, the entire product, how-
ever great, might be consumed by home
factories. The cost of freights then
would be reduced to a minimum; pro-
duction, sale and manufacture would
be carried on within the State, and. the
industry would become a leading source
TEXTS PRACTICALLY APPLIED.
We would call particular attention to
the article on the third page of
this issue on A Cheap Fertilizer. The
writer is the same who in a previous
communication expressed his disappro-
bation in rather strong terms of the
phrase "I can't." He is one of the.men
who do not wait for things to turn up,
but who turn up things. There is the
common wire grass, the most despised
natural product of Florida, which is con-
sidered an incumbrance of the land and
is dissipated in smoke every year. Chem-
ists tell us it contains much potash, lime,
sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid and oth-
er fertilizing elements; yet people prefer
to import these elements, from other
States and countries, using them perhaps
on the very land where in different form
they have just. been destroyed.
-"The stone'vhich the builders refused
is -becoe' the headstone of the corner."
The humble wire grass is made .the basis
of an excellent and cheap fertilizer-
none of the elenmcnts of which need be
brought from other States. _It is to be
observed that the bulky ingredient is not
rendered costly by a "long haul," but is
left as nearly as possible where found,
and there so manipulated that it may
decrease in bulk- and increase in valuein
inverseratio.- This is the sort of econo-'
my by which people grow rich. There
is so much wastefulness that passes for
economy, so much --penny wise and
pound foolish" ex-penditure of money and
time, that when we see-a good example
.of genuine economy we feel like calling
attention to it.
What consummate folly for a man to
live in bondage to transportation and
commission companies in order that -he
may obtain from abroad what he could
obtain, more cheaply and with vastly
more satisfaction from his owu land
The prevailing policy is suicidal. It is in
violation of the first principles of politi-
cal economy. It isa system of money
drainage, whereby the earnings of the
peopleare flowing ina steady stream out
of the State like as a river's waters flow
into the sea. Would that we had a
thousand industrial reformers like Mr.
Horne scattered throughout the State to
teach those of less experience by woid
and example. _
"Cast thy bread upon the waters; for
thou shalt find it after many days." Mr.
Horne shows us that his method of farm-
ing has brought him a direct reward, and
we are glad to know that he has received
some-tanzible reward forhisagricultural
writings. He has done more than any
other man to give Baker county a good
reputation and we doubt not that many
by his writings have been induced to
settle in that county. From a let-
ter accompanying the article in ques-
tion we perceive that Mr. Hornet has
by this means brought upon himself a
burdensome but evidently not unprofita-
ble correspondence. We are glad to
know that the bread he has cast upon
the waters is-coming back to him. If
dealers in nursery stock, live stock, etc..
would write freely for the press, we
think it would serve them as an excel-
lont advertisement. In support of some
of our points we quote Mr. Horne's let-
McCLENN'T, Fla., Sept. 12, 1887.
DEA S9m-I- have written something
hurriedly for your paper, on making ma-
nure. Lf every farmer would take my ad-
vice and adopt this method of making
manure;-this one article would richly
p .y for-you rt -p-ap -er for five y-ears. .
.< I'have had m-',handsfuJllall summ-er,
ind'am:-; now "trying '. to 6 get,'?all,-my.
peach stock budded- 'I don't know why
it is, but I haye already received orders yond your-depth, and iD thankful that
enough to take all my year old stock of you escaped this time.from being,. swal-
peach trees and shall not have much but .lowed alive. .... ......
dormant buds for sale. The- letters I oe ae -: ..
have written for the papers have almost
ruined me. I get so many letters from It may be we are deficient in self es-
every. quarter asking a thousand and one teem, but really we never saw anything
questions on almost everything.grown in n ourself calculated to inspire the Mu 5e
Florida that it- keeps, me busy all the and "wake to ecstasy the living lyre.
while answering them. and "wake to ecstasy the living lye.'
ILhave received orders for peach trees However, we do not dispute the favora-'
from Dublin, Ireland, and from several ble judgment of others, nor object to be-
Northern States, from persons who have ing immortalized in verse. When we
seen my articles in-your paper. There- n w
fore it is the paper to advertise in. Please erect that column of compliments to
send a copy of your paper to- which we have made allusion, a,,few.
of Highland, Clay county, and tell him graceful stanzas at its head will be as
that Horne says he must -take it, and I
that Home says he must-take it, and I appropriate as the acanthus leaves are at
am sure he will. I put in a good word opate as the acanthus leaves are at
for you whenever I can: Have changed top of the classic Corinthian.
my postoffice from Glen St. Mary to *
McClenny-remember that. Co-Operation, F. F. G.A., Etc.
WM.Yours truly, ORNE. The following private letter, to which
we allude elsewliere, is published by the
VARIOUS TOPICS CONSIDERED, writer's permission:
____ LAKE MARY, Fla., Sept. 16, 1887.
We know not whether our up-river DEAR SIR-I am highly pleased with
W o n w u -r your late editorials, especially on co-
correspondent has gone over to the Call- operation. We need more and better or-
fornians, or whether his intention is to ganization and fraternal co-operation for
heap coals of fire on their heads. Corn- mutual protection and benefit, and I
ment on his mysterious communication hope you will not weary in well doing
S on his mys u or slacken your energy in boldly and in-
is deferred until after dispatches are re. dependently advocating sound theories
ceived from the FARMER AND FRIT- and practical methods based upon sciep-
GROWER'S Bureau in St. Petersburg. tific knowledge and good common
Lately the California editorss have been sense. m s .
shedding 'cro l as r t i You are most assuredly r:ght in your
shedding "crocodile tears" ovsr the alli- position against the uniting or blending
position againt the uniting or blending.
gator State, and crying, -PoorFloridaI" into one society of the Nurserymen's and
And now another State comes in for Fruit Growers' Associations. Each has
commiseration. Poor Dakotal PoorFlor- a distinct and separate work but can
cn Pr D a Po well and profitably co-operate to the mu-
idal Poor people in general who know tual benefit of each .
not the bliss of being duped by Califor-" I am not yet wholly through with the
nia landsharks Alasthat so many were subject of clean culture. Thus far the
m aaal A a h t s a y w re gr um en ts6 against c lean culture ha re
born to sorrow, to live outside of Call- arbeen t as t sed cunt nsurha
been mere assertion, based upon insuffi-
fornia! cient data, and deduction-, front experi-
-As to the letter from the same cores, inents far from conclusive. Results
pondent, which likewise appears on this bave been hastily attributed to certain
i causes, which could be explained quite
page, its language and sentiment can as wel in other ways, and are hence not
not fail tobe understood ex:.ept by those conclusive or reliable. Let us have bot-
"who have eyes and see not, who hbive tom facts, he more the better, but let
ears and hear not." It was not intended us exercise caution in our inferences and
deductions, and not attribute results er-
for the public eye and ear, but we have roneously to any e cause when several
obtained permission to print it. It be- others are operating at the same time to
gins with cpo-operation and ends wjth tlhe same end.
cow-penning, twc-extremes which, if I would like, if I bad -the time, to
write a separate commendatory letter to
generally adopted and fully carried out your able and efficient co-worker, Helen
in their broadest sense, will regenerate Harcourt. and thank her for her timely
this State. But the.partnership must be and valuable hints and suggestions, es-
diisaolyed between cow-penning and free peciallv those pertaining to the "cow-
range, and between co-operation and pen." I have long known and advised
that the keeping of in-,re stock, espe-
axe-grinding. Intelligent, honest effort ciallylmilch cows, wasthe key-note tour
is needed everywhere. There is 'money success, comfort and many luxuries. I
even in wire grass, as Mir. Horne has am acting upon that knowledge and am
shown; but the cue- is not to be converted h ighly pleaded with my first es on's s
cess. Let everybody keep a good cow
into the other by grumbling about and as much morestock as they conven-
freights and commissions. These agen- iently can.
cies must cease to be the people's chief Fraternally..
concic-rn. Employedas -they--are now, -
they are sure to consume'tne people's Poor Dakota.
substance. :' : ., Ehi Fl',,-,rdn F 'rm,:r ,t,.,.- Fl'-,if-fr,,,.r:
Thus far our position with regard to With a stiange mingling of pleasure
the Florida Fruit Growers' Association and pain we learn that Count Gortcha-
has met only with hearty' endorsement, koff. whom thu Czar of Russia commis-
The vice-president of the association is signed to examine into the condition and
prospects of the great wheat producing
with us and we think its president -will districtsof America, has madean official
indorse our views. We will publish any- report, aftei a thorough examination of
thing he has to say on the subject, be it the supposed wheat region of the North-
west, and announces to the world that
pro.or- con. We wrote him that we the soil and climate of Dakota. Minne-
wished to see him within a year at the sota and Manitoba are wholly unsuited
head of an association "one thousand to the production of wheat; that the
strong." If the true friends of the asso- much talked of flouring mills of Minne-
ciaion willapolis area myth, and that Russia has
ciation will take the matter in band such nnt. .....rk r .... ... r .. ......
Florida was quite profitable, but now
-hard times among, the fruit growers, and
competition, have brought profits down
to a minimum, andmno one -need send his
money out of the State to get goods at
fair prices. No one-interest should try
and build itself up by :putting another
downp. "Live and let live" is.a good
iule. The retail merchants are just at
necessaryto'the growth and prosperity
of Florida as are the farmers.
Let the farmers'club stick to the.ob-
jects mentioned in Article 1st of theit
constitution, and they will find work
enough to keep them busy, and it will
pay better than to start a crusade against
the merchants of Florida, who have so
often furnished them with food and
clothing, and waited till the "crap" was
gathered for their pay. R. J. W.
TANGERINE, Sept. 11, 1887.
S IN UNION THERE IS STirNGTH.
THE CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT
The Florida Forces Advancing
all along the Lines.
With increasing satisfaction we wit-
ness and record the forwardmerch of the
great co-operative movement of- South-
ern farmers. Its standard has- been
erected in Central and Western Florida,
and county after county is falling into
line. On-the 4th- of next month there
will be a grand gathering of the clans in
Western Florida,. at Marianna, and a
week later there will be another gather-
ing at Gainesville, where it is to be hoped
all local co-operative organizations will
he united under a common name and
We have regarded the Farmers' Union
of Central Florida as an advance guard
of the Farmers' Alliance, which in
States west of this numbers its members
by hundreds of thousands. We suppose
the central and western organizations
look forward to consolidation. It
is to be desired in the interest of harmo-
nious and effective action. In union of
individuals, counties and States there is
strength. Let all sectional jealousies and
efforts for personal preferment be
frowned upon. A few Icladers of the
State organization will be needed. Let
them be sought for and selected accord.
ing to their qualification for this special
work. The President should be an ear-
uest, zealous and practical man, a good
organizer and public speaker. If a lec-
turer Ibe employed he should possess sim-
ilar qualifications. The Secretary should
not only have good clerical qualifica-
tions but he should be thoroughly inter-
ested in the good work.
In placing "Fatmers' Union" at the
head of this column we wish it.to be un-
derctood that we have not assumed to
be the "organ" of this movement. We
couIl-not become the organ of any or-
ganization without. falsifying pledges
which we have made repeatedly. We
deciaied for co operation and uiged the
formation pf co-operative societies- be-
fore a Union or Alliance was heard of in
this State. Hence if we adopt for a head
line Farmers' Union, Farmers' Alliance
or Co-operative Union, it is to be regard-
ed simply ai indicating the prominence
we give tha idea which either of those
phrases represents We presume there
are fifty journals in this State which
will seek to become recognized official
organs. We encourage their recognition
as such. It will render them public ad-
vocates of the movement and effective
Our objection to assuming the position
of official organ of any organization is
that it would debar us in great measure
from the privilegeof impartial ci iticism,
and we could not consent to be in any
way hampered in the expression ofopin-
ion. We are for co-operation and shall
support all co-operaiive clubs, unions
and alliances so long as they carry out
the true spirit of co-operation. Let the
good work proceed on the principles now
laid-down and we will do our utmost to
furtherit. In our next issue we hope to
give a further list of clubs thus far
formed and other details of interest.
Below we give some reports-communi-
cated to the 2Yules-Utnion-from Oswald
Wilson, who is known to us to be the
official agent or organizer for Florida of
the National Alliance.
Suwannee -County Convention.
LrT OE.. Fla., September 1. -The
Farmers' Convention of Suwannee
county met at the court-house toalay
and organized by electing Hon. Robert
F. Rogers, president, and Mr. B. F. UTm-
stead, secretary. The attendance was
large andt enthusiastic, and several mat-
ters of vital importance to the farming
interests were discussed. Hon. Robert
F. Rogers was elected a delegate to the
Farmers' Alliance to be held in Marianna,
The local clubs of the county will elect
delegates to the State convention of
farmers to be held in Gainesville, October
l'lt.' .A. L. W.
Hints to Correspondents.
The readers-of the FLORIDA FaMMEa
AND FRrTH-GROWER are -respectfully in-
vited to contribute to its-columns articles
and notes on all subjects pertaining to
the farm, garden, orchard and -house-
hold affairs. The range'of topics which
will be discussed in this -journal maybe
gathered from the s6bijoined fable, which
may serve tO suggest' what might other-
wise escape attention :
Clearing land, draining land, crops for
new land, succession of-crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different soils,
irrigation, smiling vs. pasturing, cow-
penning, green manuring. ,
Horses, mniilei, cattlb;'- hogs.-- sheep,
goats, poultry- Breeds, feed, direasees,
STAPLE CROPS.- '
Corn, oats, rye. wheat',rice-Varieties,
yield per acre, soil and season, difficul-
ties encountered, general fibatment.
Cottont-Long and hbrl SlapIle-Pifnt-
ing and culture, marketing, manage-
ment of seed, products from'the seed.
Sugar Ca'ie and "Sorghtm-Varieties,
culture, making syrup .and sugar, condi-
tion of market.
Tobacco- Varieties, histoi-yfin Florida,
recent experiences, seed -culture, manu-
Citrus FrulYs- Comparison of varie-
ties. hardiness and productiriveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methods of planting
and culture, comparative effects of fer-
tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
of fruit, 'ine and other products. .
Peach, pear,-_fig, persimmon, loquat,
the Kelsey 'plum, niiative plum, .mutil-
berry, quince, apricot, guava, banana,
pineapple sapodilla, mango, ,as'bcada
pear, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
almond, pomegranate, olive, grape,
strawberry, blackbenrry, ras.berry-V.a-
rieties, effects of soil, weather,, etc.
methods of cutilture.. .""
The Alliance in Florida. NATIVE TREES AND HERBS,.
SOFFICE OF THE Planting trees for ornamient or-utility,
NATIONAL FARMERS' ALLIANCE AND the burning over of.- forest'-lands, the
CO-OPERATI'VE UNION OF AMF.RICA, lumber and- turpentine industries, the
FOR T.E STATE OF FLORIDA. J tanning industry;- phenomena of plant
MARIAINNA. Fla., September 13, 18.7. life, weeds and noxious plants.
N. B.-Specimens may be sent to the
As you are interested in the prosperity editor for identification. Information-is
of the great agricultural interests of this desired respecting popular names and
State, I send you .a notice of a Statb uses. ... ..
meeting which will be held in this city, We do not desire letters written mere-
October 4th, under the auspices of thelyifs
National Farmers' Alliance & C. U.A., ly in praise of special localities unless
and would re'spectfully request that- s;ulaims to favor are basedonca he products
andwubldthe same. To give rayou or productiveness of' the soil. Axticles
publisheyou some, of an animated or vivdcious style ire de-
idea'of our order, I send you a copy of sizable by way of v'ariet-y, but prartieal
the constitution and by-laws, and would statements and descriptions' should p be
be pseasedto have you comment on the concise and as much to the point as pos-
same:'.." .- sibla.'- ".
The odroriginated-'i Texas about sil.... ..
The.orer ... tAll communications for the editorial
ten years ago, but' attained but little ebartbnt addressed to
eminence until the last two years. EDITR F ANB ITGOWE.
Ve have now in Texas 2220,00menibers, F.....a s .-Q wrz. .
and State organizations in Louisina', _. ._ ._ .. ...
Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, 'and iORAk E.E TREES. .
started in other Southern States, making -- -...... ...-.,:
a total membership of 500,000' of the A lot of Budded'Orange Trees of. finest arie-
most progressive, active and intelligent ties, 2 year. buds,.-,jear stocks (sour) ijy tol%
9lcbesin dia~merer, t6,8 fe~ib-~tBi
farmers of the South. We are-attend- n du^stbe,:'g,-.balt.e
ae-tt n -trfy. M "t'" o6d. maxe 66robin..Film0 s
ing strictly to our own businessi:and given upon aplcati6hn. '.,Party-asotud state
from the qualifications for membership number wanted. Samptl senc-upon.receipt.of
we make it strictly a farmers organiza- $1. A full Unsoother -rseIstock. BSendor
tion s .loridcatalogne. Address't ''CEI.a.'MoBRIDE,
.. . .. ~ '. ..t -" ?-. -JJokw onvlllo,,Fls
S-was sent to Florida commissioned,-by '. : :.. .
the N. F. A. & C. U. A., commenced 'E -Tzi-: *'>..- -
work June- 15, 'in -this county. Since ... ," ;', ::t .' "
that time I hare organized Jackson; Calm 1000 Loqoat la w e ii b etgbF,'Bikoi9
hoiii, Liberty, Gadcden, -Washington three yeam,.rOn.4eed-ici. sanrite-l .a
and Holmes counties.. We.have a.mem-, rooted. S eeu-'eetele-Mei .t.t. "
betrship of.nearly. 1,000 .and- .'growingby 'E. B.'nl Ta rl 6: .O.f
5cupperedhn -anu5r Wns od
stronger in all tbe grand, noble elements; three yeasri4ysTongade dil .....
o.f success. ...' e. .wantriall.farmem ,'.in', j Add.;-, i .A.,E4. -, ."4
.0lip.da o..joih.-,with usJin.thie6grand, -i- .-' Tirvifsrte;Sin Ia .'
,.. ,. ,.,- :./; :. _. .,.+: -. s,-_ ..;:; ..:,.,^.+.:-.=.,.;'':.-;.',.-v + +.-i^,,^.i^-^B'... "'-:; ^.
.,." .*J, ... '. .- v-. <,,-, W ,.* .,.,',: :.-.r; ,i'::, >-- ^ -;, --, ,+~.l*:t. - KtSV *^-= ;-=', '-,*: -
-. +,. '- 9-'. -, --"--,- -'- '- "-- +_
.s-.. .. r...' -: .. ..* r ...* i , . a^ 4./,u "- -' - ,I.*' ''-. .mi.
-.."C *'-- ;' -" + -- ,") --.-_,
': : --. .,. '. T K -
_- .- .. ....... .. .
_' = .. : : _=_5 .: _... ::_'=:,.= : _'+:_% _AT.
work. At our State Alliance, October
4,. we will formulate a plan for organiz ,
ing the State, therefore we invite all
farmer organizations to join .with us by
Fending, accreditco delegates. We meet
here as the guest of the city.
We. want to secure round trip rates
for one fare to our meeting, from the
railroads, for our delegates. -
I am collecting specimens. of Florida
products' to exhibit at the'annual meet-
ing of the N. F. A. & C. U. A., in
Shreveport, La., October 12th next,
would be glad to have some from your
section. Yours truly,
Ori'anizer for Florida.
Call tor a Convention.
All farmers' organizations in the -
State are requested to send a delegate to
the Farmer's State Alliance of Florida,
which will meet in Marianna, Jackson
county, on the 4th day of October next,
which delegates must be fully recom-
mended and accredited, to whom the
workings of the alliance will be fully
explained, and if satisfactory to said
delegates they willjb received as mem-
ber; and authotized' organize sub-alli-
ances in their respective counties and
My time is so entirely taken up in this
portion of the State at present that it is
out of the question to visitother portions
between this and the meeting of the
State Alliance, as I desire, but I will do
so as early as possible. At present I
can't do more than formulate the busi-'
ness of the alliance.
a result can be brought al$ut. We say
true friends, for the association has suf-
.fered most from those who assumed to
be its best. friends just because they .had
axes to grind.
The FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER will
give its cordial suDnort to any effort
UUtLIn LU iCtll LIUI tt Aeri cl'n Loiupe-
California papers please copy and em-
bellish, and instruct their farmerjpatrons
that California ib now the only wheat
growing region in America.
Selah! Three cheers for California! !
looking to the building up of this or- A Word for the Merchants.
ganization. Our protest has been entered Edtei Frida Fa niei moid Fari-Orow.r-
already against the ili-advi.ed plan of In your isutonefrSeptember'tappearson
a communication from Mr.-J. B.'Wilson,
extinguishing its name and identity. A secretary of Osceola Farmers' Club,
few individuals who assume torepresent which, if it represents the feelings and
the association and who are aware no intentions of the club, must, in my opin-
ion. prove injurious to its success. I
doubt thattheircoursehasbeenthecause ae carefullyv read the constitution of
of apathy on the part of a tuajority of its theCleaveland Farmers'Club, of Osceola,
members, may think this an easy way of as printed in the FARMER AND FRUtir-
divesting themselves of an unpleasant GROWER of August 24th, arid most heart-
ily concur in its objects as stated in arti-
responsibility, but when it comes to the l cu'eist. it objects atei arti-
case in hand of putting the extinguisher Mr. Wilson cites the casoof a man who
on a chartered association of several was dissatisfied with' the prices charged
hundred members, we think they will by his home merchant, so sends his
find it quite different from the p~ssagp money to a wholesale dealer in Jackson-
fnd it quite different from the psag ille, who returns his order and money
of a petty resolution by an irresponsible with a note stating that "he don't sell to
local gathering of a tenth or twentieth consumers, to no one but the trade." He
part of the members. tries another dealer in Jacksonvillb with
the same result, and finally sends out of
Certain pernicious elements need to be the State to get his order filled. Mr.
eliminated, new ones introduced, and Wilson then remarks: "'This is how our
the whole animated with a new spirit Florida merchants help to build up other
born of the exigencies which did not ex- States and cldg the wheels of progress in
ist in the daysof the association's former It lo6ksto ne very much as though it
activity. In view of these exigencies 'were theotherfe'low who sent his money
we feel that every effective man sfiould out of the State for bis" grocehss,-that
be at his post, and that a disbanding of was clogging the wheels-of progress in
Florida: Now I submit to all intelligent,
this organization, in the present crisis fair-minded persons that te Jackson-
would be very much like disbanding a ville merchants' answers 'were highly
i'egiment in the face of the enemy. honorable anid correct from a business
- '" standpoint. No. retail merchant will buy
HAS HAD EN.OUGH goods of a house that.will sell to his home
D. E customers at the same prices in retail
.... .- lot's. Ift the farmers' clubs wish to buy
I give it up. cries a venturesome at wholesale prices, they must buy in
minnow that for some weeks past has wholesale lots, and do their own distrib-
.been nibbling about a whale and trying u'ting. Any wholesale dealer will sell
to take his dimensions. The subject is them all they want. Then the agentt of
for y, o .en is. wel yu the cluhi takes the place ot the retail
too great for you, eh? 'Ti well you have merchant, or, as is often done, make, a
not paid dearer for the knowledge. Min- contract with a home merchant, for
news should never venture out of shoal goods at a slight advance on wholesale
water, and for them to swim out among'prices, for "spot cash" or cash in ad-
S- i vance, as they would have to pay if they
the monsters of- the deep is foolhardy in sent away for their goods.,
the extreme. Don't venture again be-'I The time was when there.tail'trade in
FLORIDA FARMER AND) FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 28, 1887.
..Nu omnf riffle.
HELEN HARCOBIJT. Editor.
SWith a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends ant
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will 1
answered through these columns.'
Personal inquiries will be answered by ma
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take
seat in our Cosy Corner,; and exchange view
experiences and recipes of mutual benefl
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written, and only co
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
should be addressed to
EDITOR OUR HOME-CIRCLE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
Our Cosy Corner.
So "the melancholy days" of repairin
the wear and 'tear of household goods, c
cleaning out the accumulations of dirt
dust, cobwebs, of days, and weeks, an.
months; the semi-annual turmoil dread
ed by all, patiently, even cheerfully er
dured by those wh6 do most of the work
and bear most.of the trouble; grumbled
at by those who make the bulk of th
dirt and dust, and do little, if anything
to help "bring order out of chaos."
And whether we have not here ren
dered a true bill, we leave every wife t
judge; if there are exceptions (we hav
Never met any) they will simply provev
It is a busy time, this of house-clean
ing, and atime of aching limbs, and
heads, and weary feet; but then, when
it is all done, the dirt and cobweb
things of the past, the whole house
clean and pure, and freshened up, wha
a feeling of comfort-descends upon .the
weary worker, like a mantle of rest.
We rememberonce. when a school girl
reading the'story of the brave and wise
Socrates, who was thrown into prison
and sacrificed to the jealous malice -o:
his enemies. For months he was forced to
bear the cruel, galling pain of iron man
acles upon his ankles; but the-'day he
Swas condemned to swallow the fatal
dose of hemlock. which ended a long,
Useful life, the manacles were stricken.
from him, and: he was.allowed his. lasi
few hours free from-their cruel pressure.
"Ah !"' 'exclaimed-. the philosopher,
drawing ;along sigh-of relift', "'It was
worth all those terrible weeks of suffer'
ing to) feel the joy of this release from
J it Now do I no more regret the pain,
since but for that, I had nor known how
: great is the blessing of freedom from itl'"
S Ahd-just)s o,' w' as-e.re,d o6urgotd
S -housekeepers feel, when they have ban-
ishedi into the outer world; -the blemish
of dust and dirt that will intrude into
the home circle, and can sit down again.
at ease.. to enjoy'tbhe feeling that all is
clean and in order once more,
Somehow, there"is certdinl- more sat-
isfaction in cleaning -out algreat deal of
; dirt, than there is in cleaning out only
a little; the one seems worth the trouble,
and the- other does not., while it is just
as fatiguing. We all-feel as the wise
And now for some few hints apropos
to the subject,.
Has your marble-top furniture become
stained? A solution of gum arable is an
excellent absorbent, and will remove
dirt from marble very easily. Wipe the
dust off of the piece'to be cleaned, then
apply with a brush, a good coat of gum
arabic., about the consistency of thick
office mucilage: expose it to the sun or a
-dry wind: in a short time it will crack,
and peel off: if all the gum does not peel
off, wash it with clean warm (not not,
water, and a clean cloth. If the first
Scoat is not satisfactory, give it a second.
Another way of cleaning marble, is to
make paste with sAoft soap aud whiting,
wash the marble with it, and then leave
a coat of paste upon it for two or three
days: then wash with warm water and
Is there a knob lost from a table
drawer, or a closet? It is an easy matter
to replace it: take an empty spool, saw
it in half crosswise, of court-se then run
through it a screw, with a head that will
not paesa through: screw this into the
door, and you will have a neat. effective
knob; white spools do not look as well
ai black, but can be used. and stained
with ink. if you have nothing better.
This. so far as we know, is our own
invention. .And another use we have
found for spools is this: When the lid
of an iron pot has .lost its handle,
we punch -a hole through the centre
of the lid. and put a knob on it sim-
ilar to the. oie described above, and
ifL.anw'iron, or copper washer of the
right size for the screw used can be
had, so much-Jthe better' place it on
the inside, and it will hold the knob yet
more firmly, we have had in use for
four years lids with these improvised
handles; all they need is a senni-occa-
sional turn with a screw-driver to tighten
them up and they are much better than
the original handles, because the latter
were metal, and heated; these, being
wooden, never need the intervention of
a holder. .- .. ..
Let another valuable..use for empty
spools is to run a long nail through them,
then drive the latter in the wall for
clothes hook's; the spools protect -the
clothing from rusting more effectually
than expensive "bronze," or other man-
ufactured clothes hooks.- Try them and
see if you do not discard the latter.
Do your carpets look dingy and alto-
-getber demoralized? There are at least
two processes,that are simple and sur-
prisingl, effdective in renovating the
colors,.and they are: To one pailof warm
- water add one, ounce of ox gall; dip a
.. soaped flannel into thb pail, and rub
: well the surface of.tbe'carpet- piece by
': piece rinsing. it as you proceed, with
clean, cold water, taking care nhot to get
the carpet too wet, and finishing off by.
rubbing with...a coarse, dry, cloth;, of
course the carpet should be- wel beaten"
"ands-wept beforehand." .=Ty tnly dtai
back-is .the--well -perfui ,. from"'Pd
4 ; -E ,E "
gall, but this.soon passes off by exposure
out doors, or, if the carpet is laid, by,
opening the windows.
The other method is similar, except
that three tablespoonfuls of turpentine
to a pail of water is substituted.
.. If the carpet is to be sewed, do not lay
the edges together, and sew "over and
over," as used to be the fashion, but keep
the edges lightly together, take a stitch
Sin one, then in the other, drawing them
together; then, when the carpet is laid,
instead of the old ugly ridges along the
Sbreadths, there will be a smooth surface.
Before commencing to sew a seam, go
along it carefully and catch it in a place
here and there, for so surely as you neg-
lect this precaution, 'there will be a
pucker, an "accident on the line," before
your journey from end to end is com-
If you have odds and ends of carpets,
and a small room crying out to be
clothed, make a crazy-carpet. Never
mind-if "they" (the stupid ones) call
you crazy too. They will appreciate the
new dress before they are done with it.
Anything is better than a bare, board
floor; bad enough in summer, it makes
even a Florida winter seem cold and des-
olate-in that one room.
(To be continued.)
Exchange Column-Next Week.
Don't forget it We do not expect
much of a "send off" for our first trial,
for the reason that few, if any, of our
readers realize the fact that all the mat-
ter for insertion in any given issue, must
reach the editor, at the latest, ten days
before that date. For instance, items
for the Exchange, for the issue of Octo-
ber 5th, will be too late for that number
unless they reach this office by the 24th
of September. Owing to- pressure of
work in the publication office, The Home
Circle, fifth page, is obliged to leave its
editor'shands considerably ahead of date,
and this is a fact that we trust our read-
ers will bear in mind, not only in. regard
to the Exchange, but in our replies to
queries, which are always answered in
the fiRrst. copy after receipt. This state-
ment will explain all apparent delays.
FOr the Davis Fund.
We thankfully acknowledge, the re-
ceipt, from _
M,6. tC. W. H., B,:.ton, Mass., of................ 10.00
From "Uulik n "wn .........'.... :............ ... ...2:00
Pr io ol ..Olt.,:d ......... .......... .. 26.50
rotel t., date ;............$8.50
Answers to Correspondents. thepi-eperspai-'esonht-sheeis-. Ara
Capt. R. E. R., f.neral Manager of band will pin down-a-large curtain)
the Florida Sugar Manuf'acturing Corn- fifteen minutes. Place the pins in ev
pany, at Ki.simmee, writes us that he point or scallop and not more than f
wantsfe'n' .6.3.Ubo'a- t'wo girTs.'" We ex- or-f bive inches apart.-upon all the-pl
-" fec r."tae some definite .hewsof the edges. A day and night will dry
former very soon, and as to the latter, lace and no ironing is required.
Swe have.thre'e tracers out at this present MANTEL ORNAMENTS.
moment. If we do not capture some of- An ingenious way to make a pair
-those girls" it -will be from no want of vases appear larger than they reaUlly a
perseverance. Our estee-med correspon- is to get two blocks of wood, in size a
dent; invites- us to -visit the great _-t. shape about like a quart bowl, co
Clouds lantation. adding, "'wivill. prio.mise them with plush, leaving a space la
you a surprise in this "out of the way' enough to set the vase in and have a
place.". Whether we should or should tie margin, and put on each end oft
not be surprised is a question,' for the mantel. Curiousvasesofbronzeorbr
reason that we hare read so much of. the show to advantage on such a pedestal
wondrous-fertility of the "reclaimed STA-I&NI' Fr.ORS.
lands," and the rapid growth of that TAJNO.FLORS.
section, in population and improvements, The following is take from Dic
that it would besomething verystartling, Encyclopedia of Practical Knowled
indeed, that could surprise us. and'is worthy of trial:
J. O. T., Sanford, Fla.. C. A. S., Mann- Twelve and a half pounds comm
vile, Fla., A. S. M., Daytona, Fla L. S., beeswax, rasped and stirred into a h
Waycross, Ga.. D. G. N., Orlando. Fla. solution of six pounds of good pearl-a
Circulars of dairy utensils forwarded, in rain water. Keep the mixture w
as requested. stirred while boiling, until it ceases
J. S. P., Harvard, Fla.. writes toknow froth. Then take from the fire and s
where a good cow, at a fair price, can be in six pounds of dry yellow ochre.
obtained; also, when to set out peach may then be poured into tin cans
and peatr trees, and where to obtain Bid- boxes, and will harden on cooling. Wh
well's the Pien-Tau and honey peaches,. 'anted for use, one pound of it diffuse
To the former question, in fact. to all. in flve pints of boiling hot water, a
we replied by mail of the 16th inst., the the mixture well stirred and appli
letter we again answerhere, for the ben- while still hot, to the floor by means
efit of other inquirers. Peach and pear a paint brush. It dries in a few hou
trees should beset out during the months after which the floor is tobe polish
of December and January, certainly not with a large floor brush and afterward
later than themidldleof February. Bid- wiped with a coarse woolen cloth.
well's Improved Peaches ate advertised coat or this paint will last six mouths.
in the FLORIDA FARIRH AND FRTUIT- Another very nice thing for finish
GROWER. The others should be pur- a new pine floor is a mixture (,f turpe
chased from your nearest reliable nur- tine and bieswax. The floor should
seryman; they are kept iu stock by all sm,-oth and whatever cracks there may
Florida nurseres; patronize home indus- filled up. The beeswax and turpenti
tries, always. should be applied boiling hbt. We pt
fer adding asphaltum to above befot
using, as we like the nice brown sta
The Family Friend, which it gives. The amount of asph;
DEATH TO MOTHF. turn to be put in depends upon thedep
A housekeeper writes to a No-rthern of color that is preferred. The fil
contemporary: "'It gives me, pleasure to should be polished with a hard brush
contmpoary When i6 becomes necessary to apply
inform you what will entirely extermi- frbes ca becomes necessami tu apply
nate, root out and destroy every moth fresh coat of tie. mixtur, in order
or'egg of'mcrh, whether in clothes, car- keep the flooring looking fresh ar
pets or furniture. I have a large house, bright it. need not he put on hot.
full of the richest carpets, all very *
woolly, also rich furniture, all of which 'Our Young Folks' Corner.
have been in usn since li65, and not a
moth has been seen to rhis date. But LADY.
the dirst year we moved in we had mil- I am going to tell you about anoth
lions, although everything was new, of my pets, one that belonged to t
Twice year I take turpentine and a times gone by, to the old Northern hom
paint brush and saturate the edge of the Not a bird or a cat this time. but
carpets all around, move all the furni- horse, a real pet, big asaslie was, and "'us
ture, and getat the. dark and dusky cor- ful as well as ornamental." She can
ners, and in dark closets I rub the brush all the way from Georgia, travellic
all over, if carpeted. For rich furni- under the saddle, over those long, lon
ture, take-paper and wet it with turpen- miles, across the several States that Is
tine, and nail the paper under the sofa between her birthplace and grand o
and chairs.- The smell of this will drive Pennsylvania.
out the moths and kill their eggs. To Locomotives were not quite so pletni
protectl'lothes, rub the -brush over (he ful in those days (it was soon after tl
bottom of your trunks and di'anwers, and civil war closed) as they are now, an
put paper with turpentine on around the "Lady," as we called her, she was suc
furs or clothes.- You know that turpen- a dainty piece of Nature's handiwork
.tine is harmless, being made from pine, had never happened zo meet one, uni
'and often used for cleansing carpets and she reached her new home.
clothes. It will rather brighten the Now, our home was surrounded by
color of carpets than otherwise'." net 'ork of railroads; turn which wa
TO FRESHEN BLACK LACE. we would outside the crowded cit
Lay it.on'a clean table, sponge it, all street. arailr'oad wi[h itifamilihar "dai
over with a weak solution of borax- ger" signal was. sure to be met, and s(
about an even-teaspoonful or less to, though we soon found' that Lady wi
pint of warmVe ater. Use a .piece of old .juthe animal needed for our lightca
black silk, or black'kid glove is-bet ter. to riage, we saw it would never.-do to pu
spboge with..- .-While damp cover with a her in the shafts for family duties unt
piece ofblacksiik.,cloh -and ro. the natural terror with which she r,
M-ATCH : i -' **'s.o p -." garded her great rival, the '-iron horse
ATC KS ON PAI.- was dve'rcoi"e; oneatriaLwas'-uie, endug
-Thedark.'sciraches 'made-by.drawing ,to convince iii of bthit. ..' .
| ttch acbo's','*lte Darnt,'cah',1,-r.-.- 'Lady was a' splendid saddle-horse,:an
-" '-" .', '". < '--r .. -
moved by rubbing' it with a lemo0
in half, and then washing it off in c
water, -Rubbing the spot with a r
cloth dipped in whiting, is recommn
ed in addition to the lemon and w
But "prevention is better than.ct
Rub-the paint with a piece of fla
saturated with any liquid vase
After that people may try to strikeI
matches there as much as they
they will neither get a light nor ii
the'paint, and most singular, the p
leum causes the existing mark to
disappear, at least when it occur
'Paint spots may be removed from
kind of clothing by saturating
equal parts of turpentine and spirit
TO CLEAN STAINED -WOODWORK,
Which is also varnished, an old he
wife recommends the saving of
leaves from the teapot for a few d
Drain them, and when you have a s
cient quantity wet them in clean,
water; let them simmer for half an h
When almost cold, strain them out,
dipping a flannel cloth in the w
wipe off the paint, drying it with ano
flannel cloth. One cup of tea leave
one quart of water is the due allow
WASHING LACE CURTAINS.'
Lace curtains, if carefully swept
both sides by a soft whisk or stiff
brush, while suspended flatly upo
clothes line, will often look so fresh
clean that-laundrying may be postpc
for another year. I
"To wash them, first brush them
neatly as if they were not to be wasi
then make a strong mixture of soap
cold water with as much' pulveri
borax dissolved in it as a tablespoon
gallon. Fold the curtains length
and place them .in this water to ren
all night. Run them through the wrin
carefully and slowly, or wring th
with the hands several times, in each
stance replunging them in-the wa
Wash them afterwards in hot water
soap until clean; boil them, rinse th
in blue water and dry. They s-h
then be folded and laid:away until
tumnh unless they are used during
summer time. When they are war
for use;they are stiffened ly hot, thi
blue-starch, and' carefully clapped w
the'hands to- distribute the stiffen
material properly.' Spread sheets' ul
the carpet of 'an unused 'chamber,
pin them down attheir'corners. Me
ure the length of th6ewiridow and'm
wirh pins the size to which the wet 1
is to he stretched, and nPini N; edes i
a cut "until some one was found to train her oidspector. It would closely approach CANADA UNrLEACHRiD HARDWOOD
clean not to be afraid .of the- cars,"-she was this man, and then, when his attention .M.-- .R---- ,
nbist turned over to me for my especial use had been attracted, would runoff a little .A'SR. I E; S
tend- under the saadle. .way, .turn his .head back aid 'whinny .
ater. Of course I was carefully warned never most mournfully. For three days it re- supplied in ear lots, put up in bags or barrels.
ure." to go near the railroads or depots, where peated this performance, when the pros- Direct sbihipment. -Guarantee asalyats. Pri r'
annel Lady's enemies "moved and lived and pector concluded something was wro and Pamphlet free. Address .
peto cncudd omthngwas wrong, C . STEVENS.
line, had their being," and of course-well, I and decided to follow the animal, which Box847-.' C "A. STE eNS.
their -will tell you what I did. he did, with the result stated. A more Ontario. Canada.
like, First of all, by gentleness and,.- kind- remarkable illustration of the intelli- .
ijure1 ness, I won her loveand confidence; and gence of the horse has never been given BIDWELL'S
etro- wheneverwepassedbyanything that ex- publication, and we are not surprised at B : WE --i '. .
soon cited her fears and made her .shy and the remark of Mr. Foster when ap- i '
rs on dance. I soothed her first, by voice and preached by a gentleman w ho wished to Ilmlrove rPeaches''.
touch, and chen faced her towards the trade horses, that he would as soon think ..
vany object she feared. When she had had a of selling himself as parting with that .___ .- .
with good look at it, I quietly. urged her to go animal.-Phenix, A. T., Gazette. --"
ts of closer to it until, if possible, she actually BIDWELL'q EARLY. BIDWELL'S LATE
touched it andsaw for herself that it was A LA.7DDER WHATNOT r i.e NOr 7. ra r,.a pe',:ne.ti. avLerae sizen -
harmless. In this way I taught her to ripenin rr.nm.ylth,..hnBly,.T n
pass by piles of stone, brick, mortar Cousins, don't yeu believe your dear, welel.UtPRV>TEDPEEN.T-O, No. 4, isflat, hut
Se- ptetmtewolb -toe chargerr and tnicker "fotrm *rni t.3 'lossomtha its.
uee lime-kilns, boxes or other uncanny patnmother would be glad to see her pa rent han.ts.
tea things that her previous country : educa- plain Florida parlor in possession of a .n i Q l .o
[ays. tion-hadnot made her acquainted with, nice whatnot, oras is more fashionable Pah O. t
sudi- focl tnw'PahOt
suo for you see she was only a country girl tocallitnow-a-days, an etagere? ,...
sot after all, and you know country folks Any of our boys.who are handy with wilb not a particle. at any st._re of ripeninr,
]our~~~~~~~ tolccn aeaefuiuan" tt fhat bitter 6 vec4er,,aabc Ln the ,' 6an~ji].' .
our, always stare at the city sights, tools can make a very unique and pretty Rnswt h eBra' n tEr Pey-.
and Well, when I had taught our beauti- one, and our girl cousins can help in the T4-e are all ;ehdlnis ofe the, Pren-t, a de-
'ater ful Lady (for she was beautiful) that work of smoothing, polishing and stain- s.tndant n.:.di iubr ..ftb.,t frLuit i.,und bvAt,:-b- '
theirr there was no harm in these things and ing; for my part, Ibelievemany ofthe n, s in the Hazardira"dbtRaermeong'nata. .
esto tta borm with different 6ah e from reat ..f th -
Sto that they meditated no evil toward her would find they could:do it all, from At- almond, breinglarger and ii.itter.' "The whole"
nce. Iwas ready to attack the worst terror of pha to Omega, as well as.their brothers; hi-ur,. renil.emt.s what ine mlght eonaidera wild
all, those fearful trains of moving, whist-. try it, girls. There is no reason why eirm coi the pea.?.,of nearly evergreen iouage."
.-A, A6 am aware the-reare? n ,a- fprioua trees ,
Son ling, shrieking cars, with the great you should not learn to handle tools ac- betng offered, I would pre a w6rd .:. cautir, 1.
hair black smoke-breathing iron horse at their cording to your strength, and there are ib planter. Mr. Bidwel a. originatd ihea
_ a 'head, many reasons why you should; it is a tres 6; ,ur iree,- he has grown hnom bnds'cut
nd She was terribly frightened, no doubt shame for a woman not to be able to frm6 bei-ng tree,, mont icof tecn by. his
>ned of that, and stood on her hind legs to drive a nail, or help herself in light car- Ad*.ri6ril i ]tite., ,or .niornisreoo or tre(C, c W
emphasize aud dance off- her fear, center work, and nine times out of ten, nm. as ona..:nt of i t. h b. Ih hehas gren me
ac and whe se lost her balance and camehe could do it, as well as her husband, all busine wite,-'r. --ih e sie-orfhis trees.
ed, down -on a our" again -she waltzed father or .brother if she tried and cer: .tido. and Packig Gronnd, Mare ,tree
and over the street and pavement to the mu- tainly a good deal better than they-can '
ized sic of the deep bass rumble of the sew a seam. -JAMES MOT,' .
to a train. First of all, make two ladders, real lad- P. 0. Box 121, Orlando, F la.
wise But all the while I spoke softly to her, ders, only that the twosides come closer
nain and stroked her neck, compelling her towards the top until they almost touch September 1887.
iger to face theterrible creature of her terror each otber in one of the two ladders, and ,
iem until it had-passed out of sight, quite do so. in the other: the breadth at "TTPIT I? F- A
in And so I kept on day after day riding the bottom, and the height, you can I C HUSj UF FL I A.,
ter. her closer and closer to the locomotives, make to suit your own ideas; let mother
and and none of. the home folks hut Lady help you there;. but the tops must be so.
hem and her mistress knew anything about that one will fit insideof the other. The .
:ul' it sides need nor be heavy like real ladders A am b
au- It took some time to convince 'her of course neither the rounds, but these a "Iill
the thoroughly that themoving, spluttering last must be flatstrips and strong enough
Cited giant, breathing smfoke, belching steam; toadmit of bracket shelves beingscrewed I II ,UJJJL.-vlli.
ick;, roaring and shrieking,;, meant no harm or naiJed on them, and the tops of the .
vith to her, but. finally she did learn the les- trips. or the bottoms ot the side pieces
ing son, and that so completely that she soon must be sloped so that the shelves will JA(KSONV ILLE, FLA.
pon came to look upon her one time terror be level when the two ladders are in po- Weber Pianos. Haines Pan., Vose Pianos.
and with such contempt and scorn that she sition, that is, stood up against each M.:.rri- PI.no,, Cl.:ngb & Warren Organsc
eas& had to beforciblyrestrainedfromcalmly other, the upper part.fitting one into Wu,-x & Wnte organ, Pel..al.et Staindard
ark pursuing hei, way across.the: track-Ain the other d asened a round piece '- )r"f . hver at ,ur neart satin
ace front ofan approaching train, or trying of wood 'a broona handle would do) Higb Grade
ito to0 climb over it, if it. had halted across passing through augur holes bored in .
pid the road. Her open and supreme con- thesides. The-shelves ararealvly brack- P A
Li tempt were .udic'rous., -;-,* ,.' eta. for bthey must have pieces- fitted on
our ily the first time I beguiled.them to trust and long enough to rest against thbe fiext A N O S
ain me to drive the carriage near a railroad strip below, to make them firm. 'R ..
the with them inside of it. They were. la- In between the ladders, there is a nice O-- '
meeting that'Eno one could be fouud to place to swing a hanglbg basket with
take Ladv under the saddle and teach real plants, era vase With flowers or T
Usher to be; fearless," and lo! 'there she dried grasses. 0 R A
Stood with quiet scorn in her eye as a The ladders and shelves should be r ,:
ire, train went screaming pa.s.t! sandpapeted smooth, then stained wal- -
mad Such a loud talking, hustling bu-ivbody nut, cherry. oak, or ebony, and if For less& money tan anv other house in the
ver as sh haddiscoveied heroine time ter- touched up with red or gilt, so much the UntE d States. I Wlhrljsp a Piano or Organ to
rge tortobe, how'could she do aught but better: touch the edges of the bracket fin-,n t.:r. lan pay.roman n t ria, wandy t
ltitt, ,atisfa t. rI wid pay irr,-hr both wiveL. 125
I c scortn it? shelves too, unless you drape them with :ca.h and ii', a m,,nin on a Pin.-., and $1i- cash
the That driveway one of surprises-for lambrequins. and 5a m nth .jn an Organ til paid for-noc;
ras some folks. Before we bad gone much mey hWorer then.an ordinary n- an. O r- -e
yre ih .eral terms a one -Can OR-nan, narmu-
further we decided to turn around and FOR SALE OR EXCHANCE mn. Sen.l for FREE CATAtOGUE outrain-
go back over the same road. g rul information. Sheet Masic, Strings, .' :
go. b over lher, .^- same r, oad-.;^r, i,^FOR Violwc., Banios, G rutaer, Ac':.rderoas, and, m
'k's And then arose a question how was it ae. every ua rs:ai insrrdment tha is made, in
tact. ca-cry ,muse-al inmrurment that is made,
ge, to be done? The road was narrow, and, NURSERY STOCK! i and at err low prices. Send ior complete Cat-
as we all knew, Lady had never been A Standar'd Picket Fenuet.ichme T'I perr- al,)en. 211re,00 piece.ofCoie UC
ion taught to back, and it would be impossi- sonscdn weare lri:i mone-:.ttwo itndred rods sin attuWcnt per opy.
hot ble to turn the carriage without back- a day, aro.m iat,', feet igh, at a o frnom o A. B. OAMPBELL,
sh, ,rig. .tot,) cents a rod .Also Whnte Le.ghorn Cock-
s~h, 1-1g. ertlaIs oikii-K r.1n
eil I was thedriver, understand, andu mine Orm.nd, Fla. Jc ov"
Well AISDEN, Ormond, Fla. Jacksonville .
to the proposition to turn, which was
stir greeted with a chorus of "Can't do it." .
It But Lady and I knew some things E S TL. POND NURSERIES. :
or thoseother people never dreamed of, and
3en before they had caught their breaths
sed from astonishment at her quiet, facing of PEACHES. PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS.
nd the locomotive and its train skirt, they
ied got another shock. They saw me drop Send ior circ-dar.. Circular contains short hiasti.ry of Peach Cuinre uriFlorida, and hints a ..
of the reins and tell Lady to "back and to -iitnre. J. P. DePASS. Arcber, Fla.
rs, they saw her obeyas qukikly and -as In- -
,ed telligently as any human being could FA IyIE
rds have done and turn the carriage in a AI IX LJRS.
A narrow space without so much as the'
grating of a wheel. Welteted and approved vareties of the ORANGE and LEMON and other Citrus Fruits.
ng -How had I done it"' Also PEACHE,. PEARS, FIGS, the EKELSEY PLUM. PERSIMMONS. GUAVAS, LOQUATS,
on- in a very simple manner-by stopping POM.EGRANAIES, BANANAS, PECANS and GRAPE VINES, Florida grown, o; well known
be her when ascending a hill. so that she varietites fonundl to be suited to me sod and ehmate of Florida. :
be felt the weight of the carriage pulling Send f,:r a ,ata,.u to0 0. B. TIIACEB, anger, --
ne her backward, and at the same time say-
re- ing backcl -back," arid each time she .
re took a step backward I leaned over the ALTAMONT N RSRI S
in dasher and patted and praised her. A L TAMONTE NURSE IIES.
al- Don't you believe sbth knew what a
ith kind voice meant? I knew she did, not -
)or only then, but always. That old phrase,. The Eeading Varieties or Orange, Lemon and Peach Trees., "
hb. -'horse sense," means a great deal. as I
a told you last week, and Lady had her
to full share of it. Washington Navel Oranges a 6petialtv. The New Orange, "EVERBEARING." Orange
nd T be continued.) every mrtontn in the year. Peen-to, Bidwell; Paila and Honey Peaches. Alargestockof eletsey
ad T be cotiued.) and 'o[her varieues or Japan Piumas, including he "BLOOD PLUM OF SATSUMA"'-and the
"EAHLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japanei. Oranges, Unshiu and" Canton-Hybi-id "White
A FAiTHFUL HORSE. Adriatic and FoundlingFigs, Pears, Persimn.ons, Grapes, ertc. A large stock of Shade, Avenue ,
and Ornamental Trees, Roses, Vines, ete. .
R.. recently I'. Y. Foster, a former resi- Send for illustrated Catalogue, containing besides the above, descriptions of all che old and a
dent of Yavapai county, saddled his aleat many len- fruit and ornamental trees adapted to Florida. ..
horse at the Dublin corral and proceeded 1H. LTW.I' ATLEY'..' '
er on his way to Silver City, New Mexico. .
he Mr. Foster's riding horse is a trim look- SFtamotSoie afsVuWCwi-ty, Florida., -7:-
3e. ing roan animal, which appears capable "'
a of good-speed, and from thestory he tells "1,S 4 3-8.'r. i 1875. '-" .'
se- is possessed of a sagacity akin to human
ne understanding. Sometime since Mr. ; '"'". ... .
ng Foster was prospecting on Upper Wolf '
g creek,. when from exposure and through G RN N. S E E 3
ay other causes he was- severely attacked
Id with mountain fever. He was alone and
fearing that he would soon be unable to AND -
ti- attend to his horse, which was tethered
ae near his camp, turned the animal loose FT RD T TI 1 -.T'' P1'.'. '
nd one evening. For several days thereafter U ,-" H IIII JlU. "- ""
:h M r. Foster suffered from the terrible fe- ; ;. -, ". .. .* '.
k, ven, being unable to move or provide' ., T _
ii himself with any sustenance. The horse .W 1 M A., =.
would come to his blankets two or three "--"... J" '. '1,' .
a times a day, smell of its master and then. 20 West Bay street, Jakso0avi1le Fia. .
ly wander around the spot uneasily. 'But I handle none but the Best and Most Re~lable Seeds. My new catalogue will be sentafree on ap-
ty at times the faithful horse would disap- phcarion. Also Wholesale Dealer in .
a- pear, and its ownel' presumed in search. .. .. .
o, 'alfood. On the thirdday, however,-the Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grits, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground. Feed, Screenings, '
is animal put in an appearance-at camp, COtOn Seed Meal, EtC. :; ."f' "'- "'!" ""
r- followed by another prospector,. who C o ttn :, ;* .'* ., -.
it kindly administered to' Mr. "Foster's *.- -" .- .; i .*..a.'* .**-i d'V ,:: :
ii wants and succeeded in bringing him STATE-'AENT FOR l :.. ". -a.--
a- 'safely through the severe sickness. It r .ti'.: c. ii; :''t;,i C rd *
,"; seems that this opportune arrival was J. E. Tygert .&..Go'st~tar Brand; Yertizerf. ;'
;h, due entirely.to the sagacity of the'horse,* "GUAEANTEED AN_.rSr.-Compris'liig'O Tree and Vege ableFe er, *v~ d. -
which on the' day after' it 'waBs-turned' '. Bone,M'uriate of .Potash, 8 epaTeeaPodaVeh,eNijra le .aertalier, Et_. "_
d' loose disco "ered the camp of the other: Prices on Application .... : 'v* ., -.' .. --,-* ',. i... .
'^ .-- .. *; i-... .. -- ,'' J" **-- ';''''' *'
... .... ,. *' .-^ -A ," ...' = '.;. '^ :<- ; r
: -- ": ---" :'.
', -- ".- .'- -:..,;- =* .* -..*-* *. ',-t--'.-"-*"-.,r *-.*-.. .- .-#-_ B a S .--i,.---? ,,-* -.:
310 -- .... ..
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER. 28. 1887.
What Ailed the Cow?
Editor Florida Farmer and ruit-Grower:
Referring to F.'s inquiry, there-are so
many reasons why a cow may not give
down her milk, or may dry off suddenly
that it is impossible to tell exactly what
should be done until one is certain of the
cause. A cow must be milked clean or
she will soon dry off. The last milk
taken from the udder is the richest part,
and if any is left there it will pass off
into the system and diminish the secre-
Warm water given a cow will often
increase the flow of milk, and if a little
meal and salt are stirred it, there will be
a marked benefit. Give her a change of
food, roots of some kind if at hand, or
cabbage leaves or other garden refuse.
All animals like a. variety, as can be
easily seen if their habits are watched.
The cow may be "off her feed." If so,
give powdered charcoal and half a pint
of horse radish once a day in bran, or the.
horse radish may be cut up with potatoes.
If she will not eat, pour a pint of warm
water down her that has a tablespoonful
of soda or carbonate of potash dissolved
If she is gentle (if not, make her so),
rub her down gently with a curry comb,
and be very gentle with her yourself.
These are things that even a cow will
appreciate, and will give her milk down
much better.- Try to find out the cause
of anyj existing trouble, and then it will
be easy to find a remedy, if one is to be
S"Leeching" and Drainage.
Editor orid Fo'rinmer and ir-s,-Grower:
Dr. Lee's letter in a recent issue shows
that he is bothered-by the word "leech,"
and that ,his knowledge of Florida is
limited. I have sent specimens of this
peculiar growth to Dr. Taylor, United
States microscopist, Prof. Seiss, 'hila-
delphbia, and others, and they can fin-,
no microbes, bacilli, giant cells or paraL
sites. ..Besides, I -have been unable to
find punctuies, bites or abrasions of the
skin1 -- .
As to drainage, this might be possible
Son the central plateau which is elevated-
60 to 200-feet above tide waler, but in
this region, how to drain a prauie or
pond at tide level, with hills around 60
to 80 feet:' igh, passes my comprehen-
sion. Many-.of these ponds seem con-
nected :with each other and with the
gulf, rising and falling mysteriously as
if under tidat influence, especially some
of our large lakes 20 to 80 miles from their
sea shore. J. C. NEAL, M. D.
ACHER, Fla. '
A Louisiana correspondent of the
Southern Cultivator prescribes the fol-
lowing as an "infallible remedy :"
Take one ounce of gum camphor and
Dissolve in a measure by chipping it off
in thin flakes; pour on a little spirits
and take a hammer or the hammering
end of a hatchet and] grind the camphor
into a paste ; add to the camphor pow-
dered bluestone, .a teaspoonfuleven with
the general surface; incorporate the two
ingredients in one quart of pine tar by
stirring. It will be ready for u;e in
twenty-four hours, hut must be stirred
before being administered. .
To apply it. use a nice paddle one foot
long, handle and all; cover the broad
end of the paddle with what tar'will
Adhere readily; pull out -the horse's
tongue on one side and -wipe off both
sidesof the paddle as near the root of
the tongue as possible. Apply this rem-
edy three mornings and skip three
mornings, continuing the application or
remedy for six months at mintervals as
you may notice that your horse is dis- a
tressed in his breathing. If faithfully
carried out I guarantee a dure.
I had a magnificent bay horse, fifteen
years of age, apparently in the last stage
of this disease, but I got hold of this
remedy, and sent a slave to my oat field
to bring old "Matlock" from where I
had placed him to mend up, Eo that he It
could be given away : he was my wife's
carriage horse, consequently too valuitble 0
to kill. I had two other-hoirses afflicted
in the same way, breathing and then I
thumping in the flanks with a nervous
jump. Old "Mat," at the end of a week d
was much improved, and at the end of 0
the month he did good service in the f
Feeding Horses on a Journey. a
The following is from Mr. Powell's c
Tachyhippodamia, from which we have I
twice quoted before: ,
Fromi.September to March, never feed w
your horse-at noon. It is good to start a
in the morning. When you stop to eat
-breakfast, -unloose the girt, -and if-the- -
weather be warm, take off the saddle. t
.If you stop fordinner, do i th same. --et. il
your horse drink as often as he pleases,
but-give him nothing to eat' till you stopC
at, night, or. rather a little before-, sun-'
set. When you st6p, it is good, if your
horse is warm,to let him walk about a it
few minutes before you take off the sadl-' d
die. When he gets perfectly dry have en
him curried ; and in very 'arii weather -at
bathe him. Give him fodder.for an hour Hi
before you give him his corn, if you si
feed with corn-:;butif.-with oats or bar- w
ley, you'-maygiver- either to him at the q1
same time that you give him his hay. tl
If you stop, take and febd with cbrnh-" bl
y,ou can giwehimrthe:corn half an hour H
after you give him his hay. When you
start in the morning, go on rather mod-
erate?*. til litei? br eleven o'clobW,- Then am
you.may go a little faster and-increase a(
your pace in the afternoon. :'When'" yu *
stop at night, give your hdrae-ast-muh- -te
corn and fodder as he will eat: ,Let-hay. nt
or fodder remain in the rack all night,' ts
but not. the:∨ JGivd hihi.-"tw'entV i'6 'di
"iiy!eaa, if he will eat so many, before, pr
you start.- ,oE.i oinAipril,:.t6 ,-the. first of- tL
September, feed a little at noon. us
-Fort Ogden is to have a fig drying Cfo
air-tight., it will not candy and will keep
any length of time. There is. nearly .al-
ways a- demand for a good article at a-
fair price; while a poor. article will
many times not sell at any price.,
As we cannot compel people to buy
our honey we should endeavor, to pro-
duce only a first-class article, and then
put it up in neat, attractive shape for
market.-Farm and -Home.
Feeding Cattle Sloppy Food.
Prof. E. W. Stewart, says the South-
ern Live Stock Journal, condemns, as
unwise, feeding sloppy food to animals
that chew the cud. He says saliva is an
important agency in aiding digestion,
and mastication of the food causes the
saliva to flow freely. If we feed sloppy-
food it passes directly to the third
stomach of the cow from the paunch or
first stomach, and does not go to the
second stomach at all. If we feed some
bulky food, mixing it with the sloppy
food, it passes to the second stomach,
and during periods of rest and idleness,
from feeding, the cow takes this food
* back, little by little, into the mouth, re-
-chews it well and leisurely, and when
thoroughly masticated, it passes directly
to the third stomach, avoiding the sec-
ond stomach, in the second passage of
the food backward.
If the animal is overfed, there may
not be time allowed between the two
feedings for the cow to thoroughly mas-
ticate the food as it should be, and hence
the importance of not overfeeding, for
if the food is not mn isticated properly,
of course much of the food nutrition is
not made available for absorption by the
bodily system, but much of it passes off,
into.the manure pile and its value is ab-
solutely lost.I Can we afford to lose any
portion of this nutritive value? It is
like putting coal into a furnace of bad
construction that permits a larger share
of the heat to escape .through the chim-
ney thanis wise and economical. If the
food is' too hard and woody-late cut hay
for instance-it is not. only the more dif-
ficult to masticate, but is not so easily
In feeding cattle profitably, it is im-
portant to feed as good food as possible,
with all the food elements well propor-
tioned as :regards the nitrogenous and
carbonaceous elements, f -or if one is fed
in greater proportion than the-necessities
of the animal warrant, then it is but so
much u t rit ious matte- wasted; or-in
other words, money, thrown away. We
must. ]earn to. feed economically, and
to waste as little.as possible if we aim to
secure the greatest profits. :
In feeding cattle it is very important
to feed only, at a time, so much as they
will eat.up perfectly clean., If this rule
is followed, there can be no overfeed ing.
It is likewise important to feed at regu-
lar hours, and to vary from the hour as
little as possible.
-, Feeding for Buitter.; :
.,,Prof. Sanborn, speaking of 'practical.
butter rations, says.: Early ,cut hay, cut
from ground drained by nature or by art,
-nice,- sweet fodler, corn or corn fodder,
tbright*clover hay with the leaves all
saved, sound corn meal and a few car-
rots, will make the best of butter in
amount, aroma and texture. Bran will
cut downithe qu. -ntitv and quality of the
butter, especially if given in large quan-
tities. Speak of it as a substitute for
corn meal. There is no substitute for
fine ground corn meal, not crushed, but
flour of corn. The energy of cows must
be turned to milk production and not- to i
corn grinding, nor to carrying two
pounds of corn to digest one, with inter
t'erence-with digestion. We cannot af-
ford to grid thirty cent corn for steers, i
but for cows we can. Oats will not give I
the color to the butter that corn will, I
while the oil meal gives a less desirable I
color and poorer testure. A small
amount of cotton seed weal is favorable i
to quantity itf a large amount of corn
fodder is given, and in small amounts ']
not censurable. Two or three pounds a c
day is all that I would desire, while ten
pounds of meal in total is enough grain, s
The Artichoke for Hogs. '
Many swine.breeJears-raiaed last year a
a patch of artichokes and turned the r
bogs into it early in the spring to root c
antd to eat at their own sweet will. We I
know that we are not over stating the a
case when we say that his ihogship knew 1
how to dig, loved the wotk, and labored t
more assiduously than any other critter a
t was ever our privilege to see make
the attempt. There is an immense
amount of satisf'a.tion in wrat'hing a lot
)f good feeders turned into a patch of
artichokes, and in witnessing the enter- F
price and the vim with which they dig
and crunch and grunt. Every man that
dispenEes love at a hog pen should try C
this once on a small scale: he will not f
forget it for year's afterwardR.
Artichokes may be planted the same c
is potatoes. The soil should be rich
and mellow. They prefer a sandy soil
).l good quality, and willyield from'1,000 a
o 1,500 bushels to the acre. They may .I
be dug in the fall and stored and fed in
winter or left in the ground and the hogs n
nade to dig for themselves in spring, n
'hey grow very like a sunflower, and a
he stalks make a good article of light t
viht-fie-T1. Ald lin-ds fisock relish
hem either-in fail or winter, and there
s no question of their healthfulness.- s
Colman's Rural World. -
'- .- i" ,ri
The greatest care should be exercised tI
L the selection of the sire. Like pro- gi
uces like, often, beyond the first gen- ei
ration, and so we should use a sire la
-hose'qhdlities have been well estab-
shed in's-is ancestry. The progeny of sc
sch a horse crossed with our best mares p(
'Uir-aa a- rule,, partakeiof the strong w
Qualities of-'the sire, so- tlhf'aftentimes pt
me half-blood bears very strong resem- sh
lance to th'e fhorobghbred.-Farm and :eg
Poultry raising, like any other busi- pc
esas, is a trade to' learn; and:if one is is
adapted to-it, or has a liking for it he' in(
ill succeed. All beginners are advised: Dc
'-slarn-with a few birds, increasing the wI
.unber as they learn how to handle' eg
_epi. What every one wants is to pro- -ge
tce'eggs-wheh tbey-bring the highest eg
rjces, nd.also;poultry for-market.when ,at
'into..trplenty.-. A placenear a" city "is th-
aturauy the best, as one qan readily-se- be
ire customers that willpay good prices
r fresh eggs and nicely dresssed
dickens, a c
Poultry in Warm Weather.
Editor Florida Farmer and ltuit-QGrower-:
This:is the most trying season of the
year with which the poultry breeder has
to contend. The weather never grows
so cold, but what with proper care we
can make our fowls comfortable, but in
this extreme warm weather, it seems al-
most impossible to do anything for our
pets that are well nigh suffocated by the
intense heat. This is the season for
hatching and mites. You may put bid-
dy to incubating on a valuable setting of
eggs, and ten chances to one she will
hatch out ten thousand mites to every
chick; and more than that, every mite
hatched out will live and thrive under
any and all circumstances, for a chicken
mite is never inclined to look on the
dark side of life, while what few chibks
are brought into existence will cheep
around, look sleepy and lonely for sev-
eral months, with only a straggling
feather here and there to protect their
bodies from the scorching rays of the
sun, and if they happen to 'pu i pf i h rough"
are never fit for the griddle, even, much
less for the breeding pen. :- .-
During this kind of weather we caln-
not be too careful with our poultry.
Fresh water is essential5 and must be
supplied at different intervals through
the day. Their roosting place should be
kept clean and well sprinkled with lime
and ashes, the oftener the better. Now
is the time to use the "Douglas mixture"
in their drinking water. It will serve as
a tonic and assist them in the moulting
period.! The young stock should be fed
plentifully now, and everything done
that will add to their development. Re-
member you are looking to your young
flock for your prize winners, and they
must have extra attention.
Don't feed too much corn, as it has
only a tendency to fatten, and not to
produce bone- and .muscle. Plenty of
bone meal and oyster shell should be be-
fore the "fowls daily. There are maty
little details to be-attended to. if. one
wishesto be successful-,; but the thought-
ful- fancierwill attend to these and do
all in his power to make- his pets com-
fortable. "' ." *. ; *-o -
This is the time of the year when. yiu
hear that sorrowful 'wail,' ,"my chickens
are all dying with cholera." Well,
whetheritsischolera or not in every case
I know not, yet I do know that. when a
man keeps bis fowls in clean, comfort-
able quarters and free from vermin, I
never bear him complaining of his fowls
dying. J. FLETCHER HURLEr.
GRENADA, -Miss. "
Leg weakness is a common trouble
with growing chicks., They seem to lose
the use of their legs and toes, and squat
about, eating well at first. but in a few
days their combs turn and she birds wilt
and die. Sometimes a thick white-curd
in-the eye will beobserved and the wings
droop as well as the legs. In such cases
the sick birds should be removed to new
and clean quarters. Give them each
day fresh watei and only what they
will drink up. adding to ita grain of bro-
mide oft'potash for each bird. Continue
this dose for ten days. Be sure that the
'owlsare notdrinking at the sink drain.
Feed largely o(n oats and wheat.
:iubh chicks are usually found to lbe
infested with lice, or the quarters where
hey arekept are-over run with the pest.
rhe new coop should be thoroughly
cleaned a'd whitewashed. After thebc
chicks feel better they must have a full
supply of fresh chopped grass, meat and
gramn, but all this will not Euffice if their
luai terms are infested with the coop iirce.
which hatch by the million during the
ummer. These lice are the aunte of
nore disease and delbility in a flock of
chicks than all other causes coiblinoed.
Knock one of y'vouLr old coops to pieces.
nd see if it is'not alive with coop lice.
'hey vietlt the chicksat night and return
o the coop in the morning.-Cor. Farm.
Points About Poultry.
We take the following front that ever
welcome exchange, the North Carolina
If possible, grow a small crop of cab-
age for the use of poultry in winter.
)rily 10l heads will last tweuty fowls for
our months, and if the heatil are stored
n a cellar and packed in dry sand, they
an be very easily handled i6n winter and
will be safe from frost,
There is no recipe for packing eggs so
s to keep them a year and have them
ike fresh eggs. Such a method would
iake a fortune for anybody. There is
o rule to feed and care for hens that
re confined to make them lan the year
round. The better care you give them
ie better returns.
Poultry yards should be on sandy soil,
Possible, in order to avoid mud or
osh on ground, as roup is liable to break
ut in fowls that are kept on damp Ioc .-
ons. The yards should be well drained,
he surface covered with bharp, fine
ravel,.and cleaned off at least once
very two weeks where the flock is
"Chicken raising has become .a
ience," -writes a Washington corres-
andent to the Cincinnati Enquirer. "I
as at Keedasville last week, and ithe
roprietor of the Union Hotel there
lowed me his incubator. He puts 125
:gs.cn a box, .which cost him to make it,
or $i8. Three times a day he takes a
a kettle, filled with boiling water and
)urs it-in .the~middle of this box, which
surrounded on all sides by galvanized
on or zinc, filled with sawdust, or some
mn-conductor. The influence of the
arm .water'is thus shed down upon the
gs, which ,are turned every day. He-
ta aboutk-eighty- chickens from the'
gs, which start to, picking up a living
:once, -and-are much in advance of
ose got by (heold process of the eggs
ing hatched'ous by, the mother."
-Grapes at- Fort Myers are producing
IrE "~- 7-3<. -
A Queen Bee Trap.
A 'correspondent of Farm and Home
says: Many have a dread of handling
and hiving natural swarms of bees.
With a movable frame hive :the bee-
keeper can make artificial swarms, thus
doing away with natural swarming.
Or, by ,the use of a queen trap lie can
hive a natural swarm of boes without
handling them at all. The dr'oue and
queen trap combined, an invention of a
Massachusetts man, is a boon to bee-
keepers, especially to those who allow
their -bees to swarm naturally. Hiving a
swarm of bees with the aid of a trap is
such an easy, simple matter that any
one who can place in position, on the
ground or stand, the empty hive for the
bees to enter, can alone and entirely un-
aided, hive a swarm. A beeloaded with
honey rarely or ever stings. When a
swarm is about to leave the parent col-
ony, each bee takes all the honey -she
can carry, which explains why a person
is rarely stung when hiving a natural
swarm of bees.
As the large markets are nearly al-
ways overstocked, it is important 'that
we market as much of our honey as
possible in country villages and small
cities. Of course, where the crop is in
tons it cannot all be disposed of, in this
way, but it is a too common mistake, to
send the entire crop to some of the late
markets and neglect the home trade. ]
believe that this has more to do with the
present low prices of honey than over-
: Marketing honey in villages is many
times a discouraging business for the
novice, but it pays to develop a market
in such. places. The plan that usually
succeeds bst is to let the merchant sell
on commission. Some merchants refuse
to sell honey at first, thinking that it will
daub their other goods and that it is not
convenient to handle', but they can usu-
ally be induced to try it .when it is
shown to them put up in neat and at-
tractive cases. The new.pasteboard box
is proving a splendid thing for the retail
trade. Each section being inclosed in a
separate box, there, is no drainage and
every thing is kept neat and clean. All
the merchant has to do when he sells a'
box-is to hand it out to the customer. '
When putting up honey for market,
too much care cannot be taken to have it
thoroughly graded and priced according
to the quality. For retsling extracted
honey I have found no better way than
putting it up in pint or quart fruit, jars.
If put up in th;s way and sealed perfectly
Bees and Queens.,
Orders *wl.Lbe booked now. for delivery dur-
ing April, May Or"June, of my isuperlor race
of pure -
Italia ,Boe i d O oE s.
Queens-by mail a specialist
Give me a trial order '. '..
Forprlces or other inlormtIlon, address
B. C. HART,
S Enstis, Orange Co., Flna.
S END YOUR.-
TO THE TIMES-UNION JOB OFFICE,
CONNELLY I J a DNNEr, Les6,es.
i N. ELLIS,0C. E A. i E. tCcLmE, Architect. -
ELLIS &- T2CCLURE,
Architects & Civil Enlnoors, ,
-Plans for' -
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVArE BUILD-
INtS. SANIrARY ENGINEERING, &..
P 0-. ,x 7?4. Rooim 7 a7nd 6 PalatciieBok,.:
T - A -TE O '+ t .... ,
SA tenant inoi .oderoi[ns the rI'eAriag an-d
-i'l-meDn i-" garden traak indI cruit, ci ciltnvate
d 1-irge fItiri .and- -raige grove, on ,baree. Best
i.f4 i:irni-.,ck nIo, d ,,tin annaai rr,'r,-ldit >.f
al'-.,ur l..ii, -..:r iigc-, A man wirh tw :...:r three
t,-,yv iarg,.. .-iu d ff nr n :.ri fr a -ia t.r. -wor m:.r ai
heir -:i a irare .-itiioe i.v aI-pp-iati--o t,- the L -
dJ er-nu<:,d, Mao tf-Iiiw e ', Fia."
Ri.-ter,:u,.:c-Br.",'liU'e.J J. H. v-tISEB.
K tIEIN^THE H Eous
Gone where the Woodbine Twin'elthl.
Ratf aor, smanr. bur Recic-a N:.N RAI" theals
them. '-'frrs ,:,ut Rati.. ice-. RFcq ise Water
Bi. Fli ', Bi-etles, jrrths, Rais. Spoj-qurroe-i,
B-d blwZ-^ LD-^ta.r<[t.:. Bug--3, Spumn^w&,
k'Ij.LV|,. , i._:, 'n:,ph'- S.rchi.rhJ[,t-irn, M,.I-"-l.
lusk Riti Jar ck RabbtC Cqn.rre .. I;. .
"Ruaa rON RA-C" isa crml.plete prerenire
andJ *i-,r.rr:,. :r o .r Hen Li-:. M ix a E. c. br.-x ,f
'"R-CO ON RAIC '" to a al o f wutiraehb,
.ee, it wi-i .ti-redat h>wa- aiwplira'. Wheito.
ansh th- we: itefl:,r,:,' thb- He(tn,-rv: y;inside
an-1 o:utd.u?,d th. r ler. 'lh i-eh r- i tradc-al
an. complex. POTATO BUGS
*,ForF F .r Pctit, Bugs, ie ras t c.n
SV'nLIcI S taciU17 TIC .1-'. poIUnd
or hair the cr -n.te ,r a 1 .00l
.- il b,..x.:,f Rh:,O,.a ON RATS, ,Acri-
4.a i 1ijirmrai "a I.. t.- ilfrri-aly
SS. S. w t^j< Ktri nb ri.o t:c. r a r.ncis
:. : plaster ee or whtiar iSbetterrau
e.I'tl' tim-. 11 Much bdp-oids
'-p-:-n t',:,-ii, h mrr, ri.s -", sa
to .'-mpl-r.e lr dJirnbu're he' (:.l:'. fl Sprinile
It 'a13 plants., tree or shrubs when 'ampl oru
wct. aid i? qd ro effecLriv. when ismxd "ith
lime, duited 0 tiiaii-ut mc-ilrixe hil ein
It; -,'_,i.?Dr-it,-d Irate it is the m e-.'t act-rve
.anIl -rron'rfe ,,e all Bug Pc-,isonC; when mised
as above is comparatively harmless to am.,
miali ,:r pri-.:.i-, in any quaint; they would
take ifpretfrre.l to use in IhjuidJ fi,-,rm.,a ta.le-
epji)5 ttl >:l.['i full sirneatnri 'RC.OcB ON HATS'
Powd-r, wea-.l shalickn, in a kez of water and
app, i-d nI u a errinLi ng p-,, ir spray sTr;oge
cr wb.ik or.:m, -iII be found ve-r- eff,:ltif-.
KEer- it well t-I rrej 'p whle uei.i S,:-li c',
.-i cirun ,-i-t; and Slt:r ke.pera 1'' ,F, c ir.
E. S. WrLL6. ChemiEt, Jercey C'icy. N J.
Refer-,n,-e, rI--mmiu'e-J J. H. rlsf~tl*
J. P. DePASS,
Fancy- Poaltry auri futhii. Dogs,
Egg-_ For Hlatc-bing From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
$1 F- ,5 ..13----
AhliT.:.rvurgnbre. ToangBelter-arand Hounds.
A.ddres V[LLA ZNZa POOLTTrv YAaDS,
'.: Manitee, Fla.
HELL POND NUiRSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARIS, FIGS. PLUMS, KELSEY
PLUMS AND OTHER FRITirS.
Send f,,rtireualar. Circular contains a short
hisUt6(rt O1 Peach C alture n Florida, and hints
a t cluiruire.
II. S. Wecie. Chermner. Jersey City. N J. -
The following words in praise of DR. PERCE'S FAVORITE PRE-sIPTR ON as a remedy for those delicate diseases and weak-
nesses pecuiar to women, muc be- of interest to every sufferer from such maladies. They are lair samples of the spontaneous
expressions with which thousands give utterance to their sense of gratitude for the Inest-mabie boon of health which has been
restored to them by the useoi this world-famed medicine.
JoOnH E.SSEoaR, of ulleiheA'ck, Ta., writes: THREwAWJY Mrs. SoPm'A F.BoswnELL, White Cottage 0.,
S AIMy Ti-e had been suffering for two or tr-e HR WAY es: "I took eleven bonlea of yor Fa-
$1 0 years with fernile -.:cai:nes, and had paid WA "" oWte Prescription' and one borts e of your
T,.,., ....I out on undr.d d,,i.ars to phycias with- HER Pelets.' I am doing my work, and have been
IH WN AWAY O oUt he' Sheu or r too Dr. Piere's Favorte tforsome time. I have had to employ help for
...... "1I Prescription and it did her more good than I SUPPORTERg yu mein beore I tom ear a
THall thR, o meu kie g-n to her by the phvsi- tg youl r med-cine. I have had to wear a
-clans during the ae B a en tr bt h poh- supporter moat of the time; this I have laid
ians during the three ars tey had ocen practicingt upon hr." aside, and feel as well as I everdid."
",Mrs. GroRa aH'Rsoas, of Vt'.rd, 'N. F.,
T-Rl-ATEOT'' I 'writels: "I wasa freait sufferer from leucor- M m Mrs. BUaV OLcAsON, of .Vunica, Ottawa Co.
I NHit. EHnATlETI r-a. benlring-down pains, and pain contin- IT WORKS I ich., writes: "Your 'Favorite Prescription'
I P ., n>. utllyacro-.yback. Three bottles ofyour n I has worked wonders in my case.
'I IARTU b I "Favorite Prescription' restored me to per- A nWfli Aan she writes: "Having taken several bot-
EARTHLY Bow I WONDERS.
1""'"" ,,| feet heaJth. I treated with Dr. -- for *U. ties of the 'Favorite Prescription I have r-
nine months, without reeeivingr any benefit. gained mv health wonderfully, to the astonish-
The 'Favorite Prescription' is the greatest earthly boon to us ment of myself and friends. I can now be on my feet all daT.
poor suffering women." attending to the duties of my household. -;
SMn tm TREATING THE WRONG DirlASE.
Many tumnes wOmen call on their family physicians, suffering, as they imagine, one from dyspepsia, another from heart disease,
another irom Liver or kidaney dJsease, another from ne-rvous exhaustion or prostration, another with pain here or there, and In
this way they all presi-nt like to themselves and their easy-going and indifferent, or over-busy doctor, separate and distinct diseases,
for which he prescribes his pills and potons, assuming thcem to be such, when, in reality, they are all only symptoms caused by some
womb disorder. The physitcan. lrorant of the cause of suffering, encourages his practice until large bills are made. The suffering
atienct getano better, but probably worse by reason of the delay, wrong treatment and consequent complications. A proper medicine,
e Dr., Pierce's Favornte Prescription, directed Ir, the cu. would have entirely removed the disease, thereby dispelling all those
distressing symptoms, and instituting comfort instead of prolonged misery,
Mrs. E. F. MoRa&N, of No. 71 Larfngton Rt AlMarvelous Cure- Mrs. G. F. SPAouu,
3 PHYSICIANS Muo| Eat Bo Ma4..says: "Five years go o fCrEALaOlUS ofh writes:--6 was troubled wiRt.-
I ...i. I was a dreadful sufferer from uterine t-ouniles, | I female weakness, leucorrhesa and failend o.f the
I FILED Haring exhausted th sid of three phy- wombfor seven year, so I had to keep my bed
1 II"UD 1 slclaus. I was completely discouraged, and sof | for a good part of the time. [ doctored with an
weak r-could with diilouity cross the room army of different physicIan and speunr lge .sm ...
alone..I began taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and of money, but received no lasring benefit,, Ar last my husband.
using the local treatment recommended In his 'Common Sense persuaded me to try your medJcnea.'which I'was loath to do
Medical Adviser.' I commenced to improve at once. in three because I was prejudiced against Sem, and -the doctors said
months I was perfectlucured, and have had no trouble since. I they would do me no good.. I finally told my -husband that If
wrote a letter to my family paper, briefly mentioning how my he would get me some of your medicines Iwould try them
health had been restored, and offering to send the fullpartnlculars against the advice of my physician. Hegot mesix bottlesof the
to any one writing me for them. and enetiiolnstg a stamped-n- 'Favorite Prescription,' also six bottles of the 'Dlscovery,' for
aefope, for reply. I have received 6ver four hundred letters. ten dollars. I took three bottles of 'Discovery' and fourobf
In reply, Ihave described my case -and then-treatment used, 'Favorite Prescription,' and I have been sound woman for four
and have earnestly advised theni to do Ilikewise.' From a great years. I then ge the balance of the tedscinnd tom ins rste, who
years,^h86 E S ..t -6en gaem nJ eoo'th eicn o ysstr h
many I have received second letters of thanks. staying that they was troubled In'the same way,-and she cured herself la a short
had commenced the use of '.Favorite Prescription,'.had sent the time. I have not had to take any medicine now for almost
a!.50required for the 'Medical Adviser,' and bad applied the four years. o h a e
local tTeatmeont so fully and plainly laid down therein, and were ,
much better already." 'I *- .- ,
THE OUTGROWTH OF A VAST J'iXr&'AuriNCE.
The treatment of many thousands of cases cures autsea, weakness 6f st omach, indi- InP'egoiacy,"-Favormte Presoripton"
of those chronic weaknesses and distress geston inggetionbloatng and eructatElot',of gas.. Is a "mother's cordial" reltevin nautaio
ailments peculiar to females, at the Invallds' As a soothing and strenglthein; weaknesss of stomach.and other z_
Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo, N. Y., nervine, Favorite, Prescription" is un- isymtoms commn to that oond n.
Is un- sy40to28 cominion to that cofdllulc.12If3
has afforded a vast experience in nicely equalled and is Invaluable In allaying and .Its-use Is kept up in- the- latter' months of -
adapting and. thoroughly testing remedies subduing nervous excitability,. Irritability, 'gestation, -it so prepares- the system for de-.'
for the cure of woman's peculiar maladies, exhaustion, prostration. hysteria,, spasms, very as to greatly Jlessen, and miany times
Dr. Pierce,0s Favorite Prescription and other distressing, nervous syMpltoms, almost entirely do away wfththe ufferings
Is the outrowth., or result, of this great commonly attendant upon functional and lof that tryingordeal. .-
and valuable experience. Thousands of organic disease'of the womb.-It -tndmucvI "*avorite-Prescriptlon.1Pwhen taken
testimonaals, received from patients ad, Terresb hIng sleep and irelleves mental,anx-. in oominnectlon witirthe use of-Dr. Pierce's
from physicians who have tested It in the lery and despondency. :.. ... G6den Medtcal Dlscover and small laxa-
more aggravated and obstinate cases which .r. Pierce's Favorite Pteu fptiol0 tive doss of Dr. Plerce'a IPt=tve Pellets
had baffled their sk"l, prove It to be the is a legitidmate medli eu, carefully QUtAtle. LiverPlls),curesa Iver-i dneyand.
most wonderful remedy ever devised for compounded by an experienced and skilful Bla3der diseases.- Thei comblned-usq.pAjo
the relief and cure of suffering women. -It physician, and adapted to womain's-delfcate removes blood taints, and abollshes can-..
Is not recommended as.a icure-al,." but organIzatIon. It is-purely-vegetable In Its ceroiii .n&-cscrotfious- humor from the
as a most perfect Sopecifico or woman's composition and prfecty harm.es ta InIt system-L ',, ii .
peculiar aimeuts, effects any con oton of the system. ". AFavorite Presrliption' 1s the only
Am a powerfulaloratingioni, 2"tFavorie Pnrescription"oS'a ayoiV. elcme for women sold, by drunggi-st
It imparts strenogtA to the whole system, tive cure for the.,most oomplicated-and taer a positive Igaranteew from the
and to the uterus, or womb and its ap- obstipase eases .of leuporrhea, or "whites" manufactmrers,'that will gite sartnao-
pendages, In particular. -For overworked excessive flowtnglt *ontklpierlos pain- tion In every,case,, or money be -
"worn-out, "run-dow.".deblltated teach ful menstruation, minnat i suppressions, funded.. Th.i.l erAnee. as e ...Ur__ b -
er, miller re .. prorsnupsisun -or.-atlhggcoa .'.oX e wpmb, weak on' the bottle-wrapper, sid falthrt.ly-'-car-
ea a~n~d f eel.-ewomper,,nu sin.g rmao'Dac. ao, "female-weamess," intevesion, re- rned out for many years.,m Large Ibottles
e, rad .eee rwome .n rafl. .. .Dr.',.troversion, beme ,-downsensationslchion o00 dose) .$1.0, or- .8.ll ,tlieg. Jto-
.*-lere's. Favorite Prescription Is theigreat. l oo 4 1ton,' dmton and nleratlqn.- .O0,9 .".-.- .i -e'.i .S-
est earthly boon, being unequalled as an The womb,'inflammaton, pain andten- Wa'Send ti'en ._ i'rtL as for' DI
appetizing cordial and restorati ve tonic. It derness in ovaries, accompanied with "in- Plerce's large Illustrated Trebtise- <160
promotes digestion and assimiladon of food, ternal.-hata." page) on Diseases of Women.
Address, WORLD'S DllIPNSARgy nMEDIjCL ASSOCIATION, No. 668 Main Street, BDUFALO, N. .',
A :/ :"- .- "'
." r . 7 .1 t
ROLLESTON I NURSERIES.
"i 3fiWi, Orange, Lemon and oilier ivi-lmclii-e,
thbe cirut-, fmIlv and other irui[ ct-uIted tc- tre
'lima.te. S'tinck in he bi crt ':il'r .:Ddiniin '-:,r large
order. Conr'epondece solicieted,. N., charge
for 5rickirng and 6hippaig. Cacal,.gaLc free.
A 1dlrec,. _
SA. J. BEACH B[ SON. ,,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 28, 1887.
.1 oJ to you. You scandalize me--positively who knocks rue on the bead. Therefore,
S Muc Ho* to Fasten Gawrittes.n nowadays The useof the Collar- governed byU d you scandalize mel What I-you-speak of- when.-had.retiedLheevents of the. day
MuchASnsaid-and written nowadays The use of the collar n other to Brackrell, I was agooddeal astonished
o a about making stout gates and hanging the requirements of each style of harness. moment g so far as to mention her by at the effect produced upon him bymy
INORMATIONOFI NTERESTABOT them, but little appears in regard to the Custo has much to d with regulating RT r"n n VC. n ameo I Itis unheard of I I must beg of narrative. He strode up and' down the
INFORMATION' OF INEREST ABOUT latch attachment or other means of fast- these styles, though these have been in THREE O I .. y me.' Antd he made for rm, mtterig H ueus tmprecatons and
OCLYDESDALE HORSES. ening the gates. financed by men interested in ahdImprovingr : s eue a he iyr wn .u, rg tt p
Stheho rnse. In a general es a it may be ed in .|- th I S rorkinr himself up into such a state of
said that tthe Irnttug borse, I order to mayb.By W NuE.. NVRRe.ry well," said I, "have it your own hliu.l risge that I determined not to let him
Timely Hints for the Apiary-Two Gate give full action to his shoulders, works y- "" W iay,. then, C yo:u are determined to bring out o:f my si-ht nt'd ho should have be-
Fasteners Introduced to Notice-Hea' best in a breast collar when driven single o out an expl.,:si:.r,. Since y:.u ini.t upon come ,aimer. If Lady Bracknell had
Barberry Hedges Are Started-Blanch- as the only strain put upon the shoulders CHAPTER XV. it, your friends shall talk the affair over, made her appearance just then, I don't
Brisythe draft. But if driven double, the As a matter of theory, it has always with me and' with Lord Brackneil, who know what catastrophe might have hap-
ag and Storing elery. pole and yoke must be supported,and the seemed to me that the duello is, upon the w'Dii b my coadj untor." ntepened. "t he
'I leryasup p ,Dcn 'le-uc paused upon the threshold But the storm soon-spent -itself. -Pres--,
"Earthing up" or "handling" celery, as bearing down upon the neck requires whole, the best means that can be devised and pulle. his mustache. "Lord Brack- ently he came and sat down besIide nme,
the earlier process of banking is variouslymoesprtadabtrdirbuonf
termed, begins aout six weeks after theatf wiping out.amortal affront or injury.nll lie ejcutE. s that Mr. Beau- sayi,"TatFrenchman'Ave
terme, begn-s aout six weeks aer the coll so a light rourd :llr is preferred. Such being my sentiments, and Beau- cl-amp's hoice, may I aisk:" rather well, I think." :-
collar sova heroundecollaroisapreferred.the
stalks begin to ie down. The object of The making f the latter cli sa branch champ, having been most unequivocally "Oh, no; it is my choice. You heard 'Weli, e,"I gree.l, "I th,ni: he did.
S S ^ ^S S~~Th main Ofb-sd the latter: co"yityir is^ ^ ^ a branch
thias earthingist keep to The stalks upright of business that equires muchill'we The and grvusly insulte d b y De ieuzac, I him giveme leave t select a ctleague, Be i a eutleman an, he will h, ,.I hi s
and cause a new growth to start the best FIG. 1.-G-ATE FASTENER. collar must fit sngl hand yetnot bind at could nt butapplaud the course takenby and such is the selection that I propose to nue; iut I e hate you
for eating. The uisual plan is when the A correspondent in Rural New Yorker, any point. It wa 'ioraiarg ie vi that a Iet the former. however, itisone thing him at your house any ore.t
plants are quite dry to:compress the whoprefers toswn ates attests tothe cushion was wanted, anud ta- t-e ai s approve of a givenquarrel, inthe ab- This brought the Frenchman to his Hardly! For the matter ofthat,
S~i~s~ ^ ^-S^"'^ \- win gaes atet to the eCnn athdneer~nszoh- raec, and qulytote caircutaner tohallo on' ba earig.H w eath. Now upcslowl f y an 0."11 6 ou didn't bAE Llieu,,e m a uch toiher. '
stalks w vth the left hand and cr:wd earth merits of the fastenershown in the first on the horses were dua ti, the bad chnrac- stract, ane qmite another to allow one's hearings. He returned slowly an m con- swla 'n't hs e a house mtachloned e r. I'm
butthem wth theother. ut 'Re has tried rope loo, chains, terof the c.ilars Thi th, c :ry seems t-o sel tobe mixed upIn it to see one' e sted, u r prtest, to hear me. "What utterly sm shed., eand Isuppo eerystick
ilf. t h ,y .\ -* ,h ther. cut. p e lops c in easurem Tbe horte DeMS name menloned and ones-privatedchdr- isit ntat you have to avery:, heioquire, i nmypc,3fession will Lo sold up. Her
A gr3at point is to prevent dry earth pegs and turnpins, without satisfactory, havebeenabandoned by the most intelli- amemetoneda oihne wpaescarIs it that you, havtns. I he pi nqred, in priesiowlelnt e sod ap He
falling bEtween the stak l; it mustbe .lts, and finds the fastener illustrated' gent horsemen, whoidow-dimand a collar ter discussed in all the newspapers, and y imply this," I replied "Mr. layship will e a pleasant sort', corn-
t s s o l smoth 'an.rm an one 'even, perhaps,: to be hauled beforefthe an. Beauchamp, as you are hobably not paniun to face grinding poverty with,
rmep unttherin such man ner_ as to the best evered." that fits theso neld k and in der to main-d thn e orines and cast into prison. Deep, awe, ithe pIeset holder of very large won't she? I expect she'll go back to her
thap the -teplantands-straightr o aiand rc Impact. resnThel
tirst etrthwig up is from tw.a t,, four a.hethablatter qualitythehamestire'fitted hen, wotid have been my consternation, estates, whlich,inthe'event" of his dying father, though: After all iast hasthap-
ichehibnought,, epto ato enm" y6infriend so coolly nem- without isue, would pas to his cousin, pened, I don't see that I ab hound-to go
inc* s high. enough t. kI-p the Nnt to the collar te ofbeIn al d to I ,ng fend os e 7 F t oi, I on s ee S
straight. More soll is gradually dra h n draw the collarout of shape, as they will mIated me as hissecond, if I had thought Lord Bracknell. Conseq uentY, it he on Lving with her. Well, what are you.
tiptothe plant byrmeans.of hoe,'r plu 'V. ifanothbentctoflat. that there was any probability of my act- were to die suddenly within a short rime, h'sing grimaces at? You think it's a
unt, the ban bking s complete. Thepblwnk nl Modtern harness makers almtha a lly figuring in that capacity; dadthe a certain lady whose name we won't men- taelo theplt calin g the kettle black.
t mil Eb r the basef1 aolt T"he t7' -i^l there isno tdxed nrule that can be--led on genial altcrity with whichI adepted the tion would be snatched from the brink of perhaps I'm black enough, goodness
inbest .de br, t te .forthe making0f a wellfitting collar, greatness hrus t uopon me nwas, I lo-batlruptc-ad raised to a position of kn,, ws lt tyou yourself said just enow
.- n to the difference and size of horses' due solely to theccircumstance that-Thad great wealth. Now, suppose that, by a that you didn't believe I had sunk to her
'~ntct..ni5.U- ti. th. singks Aun padept ei n harness making says not the remotest Intention 'of permitting a misadventure which r am sure yot woull depth of wnfamy. allowed her to have
3i^eks. Aspilcaris mak"t says' sElspjb Of^ Infamy. I llvdtir av
t nao the bee result can beh gained ny stk hostile meetingto occur. w be the rst to deplore, but which you hEran way wi with regard to Beauchamp,
w-thamesurement i 'the horse neck as "eThe linn f condet:which' adopted might not be able to avert, youwere to wh ich, i f you like, w as not pretty beha-
In. .easfii..-- --.-.dd. shornamo aa cviewr to a vertr bodshedlwas Sir- h ha o n Wbaod you think v-or; b ut she represented to me that the
&iJfollows: Rest thc, short Firm tit a carpen-wihkltatyugmn
to i FIG. 2.-dLAlTCH ATTAce ,NT. ter's square upon the horse's neck where pIe, and,as I flattered myself, likely t) would be said of you and of the unnamed yotun f,,0!, was mad about her, that, he
Int o Ohio Farmer is given a description the collar rests, and allowing the lower prove effectuaL I slipped away from the l nady Or suppose, without going so far woud never marry M ldred, and that, eor
on f Othe latchreishown in F'g. 2 m ti en t rt ih ander description send stoupe thebarg nef the inertable atevennga little bef' rc as that, that uyou only wooded him. Ls poorLttle Sunning's sake, itwuld befn
ound and indiheaticg thn leownt bythi Co.nt.y Gtler 2.n, aan h unryin thnto the et no certain" that everybody would de- thoousand pities to let that huge fortmne
rae. tt S e to tot au cr ad cn hr lelon arm of the soeuare. In addition to drawinrtg room, seated myself beside Lady cltare that you had doneyre your best to kill shp between c ur fingers. She didn't pu-
Sa wrake.r Straigshoe tlea ato nd as on earxc the Cl ar t .e houn d ga otetrBrack-eLl, who was reclsint iIn an easy him,, To me, at any rate, it is very evi- it quite so coarsely as that; she can ex-
-..-".. and fasten, it:on a lower hoard oi gate character uOf. the neck, whether full or chair apart, and was doulitless wait-ing dent that the insult which you offered pre-s herself in a very pleasant and con-
CELERY.a"Wfastpeion al perba d, g thin atthree poinnts-tup, at shoulder and tofor oate ors o their of her victims to join her. him today was a mere pretext, and that- ncin sort of way when he ch o oses, and
T twith a staple, so t hat the o Iupper cn rdx-e thvie yon hacddlbeanleneu yourp at shur.ldear w h.ns curiw o b cn
sides sloped. As the plants grow higher tendsa few inches above the gate, fIor a mirdway between these two points. For low me," said I fur I was resolved you hbad deliberate ely madi up your mind I a- tiSal y I wrae 't ul useiling to tI coun-
the earth maybe dug from the center of -hand, hild. Also fasten it to the lath weight oe f cllar give the circutmference of not tospareher); "to congratulate o fasten a q arrel'npon n ti." vinced." Brackneli paused for a doet
sphde ad asdepadhe ad the body at the shoulder..i -in-L upon your energy and, determination. If The Frenchman's countenance, while I and siahEd. "You remember what I said
the rowwith a spade and banked up -with a-staple, but loIose enough to move a' .. you could have perduaded'Beauchamp to was speaking, exhibited various phases of to you- the day my poor little an died,"I
aainsp~t psthe wt wa celery ltl- ee t an sprung so that the latchti willel n r~ ~ht area^ ^^.,'J;^ ^ ^}u lre^bo *?'nr.r~ ri;r ~r6 g"g^-~a~bdtoday
against ,the s, celery.rit but no plc hsn gtat the imss Winer f break his neck at that fence this after- emotion; but now he blazed forth writh he went on presently. "I haven't been
Lnst seaon atentio was. pulle on t,:, the in.tfwe K. sruong -o t~ hat the diarcherill t Pre tparn ofte eeasiloy acesibler. e''~ ra ^^^^^ o odr^^te. fre.~oth~ettt
Last seasm ttrtin a e"t e e d ho the fdltu intplace w-rlanp gate irs swung Pte ori Deesfor Wne.noon, it would have been very nice. You sudden fury and sprung at me like a wild able to endure t he sight of her since then,
.blannxh-in of celery with tde. It is prob- shut.- To prove that you are a practical Bees begin o make preparations for would have been an immensely rich wo. eat. "Sir," he hissed our, "do you dare aud I haven't cared TO straws how she
able that some ,f onr foremost cultivators farmer, stick a co:rn cob on top for a wointr somewhat serler than Is generally man at this moment, and probably no- toaccuse meof being an assassin:"' amused herself or what her plotsor plans
will try this plan this easescn and report handle supposed. In preparing for winter, as in- body, except my univorthy self, would "Certaiuiy I ," I replied, drawing might be. It was all'one to me. But. I
succr eh trnfa'diu e from the Same in due deer int aill iattsru e A crtainng to beea have suspected you of being murderess, back a few paces as a -precauonary ne ver supected her of sarnhing so fiend-
ovrtme Ccnhep and ficientimp Puater. w i pingcapiaria t ought n to adopt ascerney Luaddition to your other claims tonotori- measure,"butI think you are in some ish, ascompasingas friend's death in order
it shaul',d be burned in Mind that celery W'hd, farmers in close pro,\imity to as possible methods of management nety. But the wretched creature wouldn't danger of incurring that accusation from to get hold of his money. No, by Jove! .1
must not i-e worked or touch-d whI- wet business centers are empliing dynamite agreement iih the Interests and habits jump, n o you had to falack upon others." Then, as he eyed me in a s- neveruspeced her of thatI t ell
with rai, ordew; this rule apphes not toalargeextent in clearinghnd of both a of thbee.Ina report recently issued byr oigual plan ofd iducing that Frenach- picous r Tanner an e tared tm-be inuta- Bea r chatmshou that it.ae" U
-rf -ose areu origrted phis seasonin that Frech picsou mmontr annd appeared tor te ,pl l_,fcnt dm hu b.evrsceyi aialee Tees adngloeomyl bow h ereived. Bleaucap" aute it.
only t its cultivation in the -ted bed, la t rocs- and stumps there tiare many who the department of agriculture o tho oh- to calling him ad ki him. I a g, I continued: Alo me, as an in- tIkou bad better ot," I said.
tin, the ea'hn process and wvh storing cannot readily obtain this explosive, while serevati, and experiments made underma to challenchman tkai h an olag, Ir contu "lo mer, a a iyn- "I tnhoi y he betr neo, its.
t.:,rds earotthing firee, l obla % ^ fti.:"i;t,..^".i. -1L ..:" LO hch ouw i nstruc Beuhapt .rcke hbevd Atrta ey Jd ?oug, the. creturned;orts therta
for winter. Some growers tie the ls otes are afrai to handle it. To these th diretn of the entom st occur y todi nt you, but that pn o sular barbarian, to speak the truth to you I sall re ne t he
with string; in place o--.f holding gtrh the latter clat.es the figure and description soime notes of instructih on thts subject :otry u k c p e haverowersbadoth.Y beenout mhrades ah cact'is p haw ofby u theasuthig wI l anio H that doesn't-cure himt ,
-ha a -as Impaveet try beto^-^"^ ^ ee uh ob nf hyia io., id' fcewsok ordeaucb ya n osex you won't object toad y aet.skn pwhat byo thenothnghou-'l at~ newer pt-tq imos do(
hand wohtle earthing. here given, from The Countryy Gentleman1, It has beeu found a good practice to what tre tcooke ah am t lsgsn t ha e bee hougy usc pa womn notbest, u roeso w i .isud dei'tedro
Celery that t t h e stored for o:,ld cin- can hardly fa l to prove welcome, nded the spaces between the comb frames h the e als nter most through unscrupulous woman of y best to cr e him. I shou be sar -
Conlaire the hat is to lie. -tor ore vn =S. canf harsly fail cc) prove enare tvi he'clo ofthehonrey ga the ringsmmea way.dl.- my acquaintanrce. I venture to think s poised if he, went off and married's arldied
ter and early spring use need nt be The de&- ice counsist of a long and strong near the clie of the honey gathering sea- ti into scornf laugter. that it would be more consisan r ith aal" a
banked, as it blanches after it, is in the wooden lever, the larger end of which is on, in order that the bee ilm-obnat i nn the world ars e You t talkig ryor honortand dignity to aioloain toIt wriall bhe Ra filing contlsibn -to' thised
.c.. u sh o-htralra a nu g, in d ryer al o n hce ]orve r -Aa r vre r s tu m p a n d h e a t am at tha t h e c e lls n sti n c ie l c ea s ed o n i n t e l e a t u d s atone s h are on dga fi i sab u t
trnch. The trenches are dug in dry sd, attached to ithe stump, and the team at rthe atin th. qcell, pla-e'lare share of the about "El she asked. -'Have you lost your Beauchamp, whom you can't ally be- highly cred-table business," I could neo
well unierilained,-or where water will other end, passing around it in a circle, winter stords'above the blu-wtt. W;en sensess" 6 eve t be a coward, ti't it hm help remarki2. 'Shall yiu urge Loady
nrot stand; these are made the widthef the twists it out. The size and length bf the bees build thea- own eom.s after their "Not at all," I replied; "I retain pa- fors the sake of Lady BracknelwhmI Mldredto accept him ncw". .
dples ar-rdwt bu qascesi .hc a rn three t (rifou tnhes own desigurbe in bt.hivbesaet,b spackd ucwies n hudb auch obine ier the Sake ofady w Braucknellwhom Milrtathed muho h hl.B
spade and as deep as the celery is hih. lever will depend on the trength of the own desi as in bo hives, spaces are session of them and place a modest reli- have kiowa all my life, and who, I can No," answered Bracknell shortly, "I
The celery is packed inm these trenches in stump, but one twenty-five feet long fast- left between wide enough to admit of n e upu their evidence. But surely assu re you, is not worth a drop of honet am not going teo urge anybody to do any-
an upright position w-ith what earth adi- ended to a stump t7u feet in diameti-r en- elongatiaio th. tells in ordwr that, large yours were nout quite as acute as usual blood. In any case, depend upon it that thing; they may muddle it outi amoug
heres.to the rots, clasrely, but not crowd- ibles the team to gain twenty-five times share of the wintr stores may be placed when you cast yourself for the part o we shall not allow our man togo out with them. As fr me, about the best thing I
log. No e c.oereng is pub on until the in.power-one foot, or half the diameterof in the top of the hive, easily accessible In Lucrezia Borgia. Tragedy, believe me, is you. Lord Brackell would not dare to could do wleabo put a bulet- hint my
weather becomes cold.- 1in ythe trench the stump, being the distance between the th e nthr not.Your forte, nd as often a you attempt san n ctiris a ecLng, even if he were, head amsick of all this
is covered with srraw, lew7es or other fulcrum an-I resisting bco dy A two-horse .As so-on as the stasrinJ of surplus honey -t y ouworead sow byo ti yu t se w ht usIdc ameetine heoe weare, h ereot and stri ea"
....i hndrvni ice n wsssmmrsad Woe qult r itoe ysout dwnl ab uarea l dwn.c Dost lyoel s rcs~ e wb~vhat Ia ovicdhmi oa s n f aohm- Thereupon he opot up0nd strd awaey,
litter, add the earth rounded\up along or ox team mpay thus exert a force is don e the coution of every colony that if this rather r ddiaboinDcal plot of yours ous a wretch asm hisn i e."n large one t a trd e wth
over the, trd-nch. ......cc,.vering. of boards' equal to five tons. A, convenient shbtouldelinecxaiieinsedtch a hispwie. lea ving m ot "Ther e wi thstfled wit
avdr he lirftr i-srecbmin'ebnd-ed. -- size for the lever is tenl inches 'in width character of the Winier'food asceirtained,hasucedyuw ldneraebn "K palne"wiprdD ieac m'ven'sok. Teewlltlat
eat the' te ae thle enand i ve inches thick, the number of comthe frames and tihe d. able to show your face in any o decent so- htrriedly. -be no. diel now,""tbougt' I t6: a dmislf.
Sthne" large oen nd fivinces thi, the uber ,,o rae d"th ,,ciety again:' Do you really imagine that' But his caution came too late. Ina my "Hda's mathinatioes --haveended in
Clydesdale Horses. tapering gradually toward the team; and of the apartment should bedetermrned iy there would have been the slghtestdout anxiety to bring conviction home to the amte in aon, heenear c
i~~~~~~~~~~~~f~~~~e hY there wol bar bee the Slightetosnabl doubt craanteieuty ndtn berinntgmcuooveiboeionthehtoneb atohophtetcomypwulddivet wat re teva t eiemet ptatlamae snt' eera
The draft horse'interest 'is exte ding if made of hard wool, wrdl weigh about and adapted to the wants of each colony n yod r as. T who em f m inec to ha d nt ni eod mstakenss a orutioess I h r'uch
extending .h ino an bo y' wmicd as to whced hadel inst gate mive ofhe m ya in er o ut r Ipo b s not^ noti^^c.- Redcis a en she is ab out t hpast b the i c
rapidly throughout the country, notably cu20) ptis. here but few stumps are After the supply of winter stores ies been ti adue between two menwhoam you ard the entranceof a third person, anid notw, mt- ueu heiab tate n thr te
t~~~~~~~~~i~~. tHede between tho mekt ie odna h~etr ;n BieSatn essDySlig ^ h l Tnwbm y har the entrante wong antid persoa, hastnd norhmest't iofo*tabe qurietro *of-a hou8 Ito
ail over the west.- -Larger-importations of to be remo,,ed, a small tree may be cut equallzed amor'ig all the coloies, if tho ieen openly endeavoring to set by the ears 'when I looked round and saw- Brackmell her ill spent llfe."
draft horses are reported this season than and dressed smooth and used for the supply is inufaicient, feeding sh would xer sInce your arrival here? The best stadingls to my elbow, I perceived.
V\ w^'^ ^ ^ nn^ "^ ^^^ rocss" f bine~altng btte aretirsng ntely Yorarialsee Theuntd' bes sandig-ln osy to mye elbowr Is -epetrceived
ever before. As these -importatlons in- done before the advent ft rcold rdght. thing that you can do now is to get your that the cat was out of the bag, Strychnine for Gophers.
clude Many Clyd-sdale horses rafewldBeou slesteft rf- r, tn'. L'r, eating Frenchman to make ian apology, "You don't mince matters, Maynard," Judginfrm the crop reports there isa
prove ofainterest. There is no.tquestion o : ,. ,. which you will instruct Beauchamp to Bracknell observed. "After that very very general prevalence, of' gophers
thate a va.rst. Impvemeint buesen .byeestoo young. Both queen and worker accept." frank expression of opinion, I dare say throughout the newer portions of the
that a vast Improvement. a bee.. bees ught to be in full physical vigor. Hilda's face was not ordinarily an exk- you won't object to my asking what you northwest. liProftessor Bufid destroyshe
effected ofn lat years ima the breedinag of Thebees constituting the colony when pressive "one; but as she turned it toward are talking about." oho nae fram -wd dsyis
s ae s owtheoriginalsIwigophers on the Iowa college intro.:with
Clydesalesthough the original stck --- pled wnterquarters should besuch d now, there swept across It a look of "Our conversation was strictlycon- st rs a to
contained the elements.of what is really e .a o as are hatched after the midsummer su vindictive malice that I inwardly re- dentall" broke in De Viuzac, with so stchnine crystals. Potatoes are cut inb
g ood and substantial. The -increased de- season taipe r the *-asleat-way to M wIth ol t hercrtals.rThehe srpbobied
god and subst1aurtal.te .iowra se dat e-fr'r :-ten o_ th bes worarg srnfrtech atbteaso is pate asndbfo re te '~zabees canted my. 0"'iticism,'"1'111 upo. he r" a a- egeress. Neither Mr. Mdaosyqareld aor on with the crystags.fatThese poslone''
mand, not only- from Canada and the" -- cease flying freely in t he fall. abilities. However, she soon subdued that have the right to repeat. it." pie arec stu s T on
United States, but also from Suath Ametr- A SEMLL srtP PULLEr. Toward the close of the working season passing emotion and laughed again. "I Bracknei glanced at him fora moment, the sharp ends of sif twigs; abo t
A Barerry edee.bear wo tos for.a shrt tie, an one;" g~e~hl frieds tht troblerac0nourseglancediouafellorUbayouomesetetwee Bnach enPds aofIstiffpwder s no
ia, Australia and several of the crdti- lover A very strong and heavy chain, a the workers instinctively cease stimlat- don't in the least understand you," she as a big dogglances at a little one, and eighteen inches length. As the burrows
nental countries of Europe, has proven a few tiet in length, Is made of the best rod ing the queen for o-iproduction; grTadu- declared,- I know nothing of any duel, then turned to me again- "Come," he engpher aoengse d ece
th e n t ur ed t m e ag ai o m e, h e o f th e g o p h er a re o liene dt a p iece o f .p ota to
wonderful incentive to breeders. For- iron an inch and a halt in diameter, and ally the beines cease tylng and the cluster apd howcan I help it f a coupleofioolish said, "I am wait ring to hear inwhat re- is run in the length of the sticlth6uter
nearly the valley of Clyde was the chief this il attached to the large end of the is termed for the winter. Voter the clus- young men choose to quarrel? It appears spect I arm less infamous than my wife." end being fastened by aticng it t the
breeding district, but nowadays Clydes- lever by menns of an iron band made of Ser.-is f,:nrmed the colony should remain to me that you- have been drinking too Ie seemed best to answer him. "Man- earth at the month of theb-hole. By this
dlesioot'dalbout qas aes It "m b be av e hic. 'Mon- earthathemouth.a se r neyd eole.Bythis
d are bred with about equal success in very thick bar ir-n three or four inches undisturbed. If the beesare-tobe packed much wine, and I i should bo much obliged sieur de Vieuzace and Beauchamp have means Professor Bucidreports thatthe
nearly every county in Scotland. wide, secured in Its place by a shoulder in the summer stanl the work-must be If you would go away for the present." fallen ut,'.' I iepled,'"and unfortunately landwi-clearedofB the pests in about, ono
IWh-ile it cannot be claimed that the on the lever, and a foot or more from'"the done with care and without disturbing "With pleasure," I replied, rising.: "Do the difference has ended in a challn ge, week. When the p'olson was scat:red
Clydesdale is a model horse for every par- end, to prevent Its sliding off. The team the beces 'and before the temperature of you absolutely refuse, then, to be a peace- you-nd I being nominated as Beauchamp's loosely In their runs it proved less affec-
pose, it may be said he is a trustworthy, is attached to a smaller ring and hook at night reaches the freezing point. If the mal:er." seconds. "When you came in I was trying .ive, as they throw It outuntastedin most
level headed, docile animal,'of great value the other end of the lever. Bymeabns of bees are to be placed in a lamp or in a "I refuse," she answered somewhat de- to point out that, as you are heir l5resump-cases.
is a draft and work horse. The average avery heavy hook at oneendof thebig cellar or winter repository, great car, flantiy, "to hl, dictated to by you. I don't live toBeauchaimp's eitas, you coul d not-
odern Clydesdale stands from i to chaln, it is secured to the stump, the should be taken not to disturb the cluster beheve what you say, and I shall not 'let him risk his lfe in such way." Here ad There.
It 1-2 hands high, and weighs, when-in chf-ain posing closely around it. The when the hives are removed from the make myself ridiculous by trying to- "I should have thought,"remarked Hefitroandf lfr
team is then driven In a circle and twists summer stand. Woolen quilts or woolen -smooth down a quarrel which most likely Bracknell, coolly, "that a man from whom large one.r-.,.
the stump out. If the roots are partly blankets ar,, the best coverings for winter, exists only in your imagination.'!o h e c n u ae n e one
'in clayed therequieil frce iii nt beWool Prentthraiioofet-ad That -was all that I obtained frobi' bet-: man of till others whom one would like no Wisconsin's cranberry crop is a bourn-i
great; but. for a.green stump the largest PeIn-LSLa the 'escape of moisture, thus Pe- but in truth I hadr not expected mn'r. and seea -ialsing his life." ful one.-
side roots w'il first require cutting uofin ,cu.ing.,wi-ruth and' dryn'es. .Hives in addressing such plain spoken rnmarks "f doubt,'" replied, "whether you It
connection with some tbggmg .- should he set. eighteen inche abovd th [bt her1 heLad been actuated rather by, cu- wold like it-under the circumstances." nigatlon an potatoe see togell
The object i giing l.-th to the big bottom ofthe cellar or winter repository, riosity as to how she would take thetaO the ercutostance, 'n p ogftherUin Colorado, wbence large rops
and bet n iin 1-ah oteb l'b bottm oh, fitaceeh I And pray of 8cletptto r n'ob'eda
chain is to enable itto Trasp the stump and in tiring them up one aboaeveinother' than by ainy hope that tbey would divert wvhat ate they ?" saesndte tories.' '
tad prevent, the hook from tearing oat it Is better that they rest en a rack'0l-e- her from her ptirposo..The person whom '.It nedls to speak them," red and territories.
pared for the h'ive theherr than'one upon l Utd hope tu Influence was D5 Vieuzac. De feuzac, before [could canwer. "Mr. Recent reports show that the chincb
root to which It isattach-ed. It Iswel .another.. _- In, I waylail:.an hour later, as he was Mainiard has 'convinced me that I bare bugs require heroic treatment at the
-, to cut aiway enough of the stump3tp allow
the o ktataye.nougd .athe.cetr.. -tonaltentering thesmoking room, and drew him e'enin the wrong,'and I shall hasten to norteetlf'thew tiftdb'of 18881id to
decayehd stumps, when'gentr.. Broe a alteg Versus Dry' Saltltg. away into the. billiard room,. which ad- bffer myt excuses to Ar. Bdauchaunb. I' -eba tirsed a success. i in
... .". removing -ay-d pwhe eat'he advocates- he so called "new joined thatapartmant, and which, fortu- haveonly to add that if you consider your-. M b is r t a
t eorce is not required,- a common iroan process. of brinesaltng butter are tilting nately, was inteuanted.... self in any waty aggrieved )y'mde,'rhy lord The Marlboro Is reported-a favorite
wedge may be driven in one sideland' the opinions 4-ule freely with, the advocates. ."Monsieur ade Vielizac," I began, "it IS, '1 shall hold myself entrel at raspberryintefrt producng.reons
hcnk or loop of the chain placed on i, in- of.the.old,method of "dry saltlng.':',,There, oulte out of the question that you should sitfon."'"-.?- 0-. ofNew York.
stead of.being attached to a root..- ..,.. are successful butter workers on both taiht young Beauchamp,.and I think you i-ui, ,,,sern o be spoing fo'a f.igt," The, possibilities of liroifable wheat
DUTCuESS, 'n CLYDESDALEC'tASSE; I. -Th'e-longer-theolever, the greater will be-'sides, which makes it appear Ltb- e.wach fill admit as muchwhean I'haveagiven remarked Brabknell. "Idon't knov that culture are being agitated in Loulsiia :. ,
good condition, at diaturltyt,-from--about tho poitewr ekertedf; b-Su-If nthesttumpps are method jio'sesses' mcrit 'ddd th'at eacb yoo ye.. fo. saying o.". I arae ayrieance against y no; t at I ll Theare bis agonitabtead ai'ol.
1,700 to 2,L imyspun..s-ds... The prevailing nmrs, ito may be ne-essaryto sa-& prh.u;da,.a .i; "1taltj" of b.tter. The 'Heinterrupted me with suave courtesy, t yeat' -.Letondulge youby co.y inTee to "',oo
c o tor s are b.-y Cnh-nn WId70 WAith w hi te shorter "e3-0 w ant. f orn, a .mp e tloyo doe cled seeing g to s' e w hich 'obser vng that the subject w as no lonineri ^one." ,. ,t n In C alifornIa'
markings, i". _- _. a. arranger team.'. -A-_good.yoke-of o~xen. is m'fd i'n~l'ds'the'leaat lAbor."- 4s Ugh,.ee wbich he could propeenlydiscuss.- Ani uThd.ten ...h'.a-..how"e.d pronetted round:" '_re-re hv 2-'..t" t: .losses.
The cat here giv-en represents the ti- etterihaan hrses,durawing str~ong~thi' ':auth orilyti' T. D' Cuntlrt keak iji,,ground ..'rea;cwtih migh have, .LI totak must_.' onhi .e.ls uooe, anpe t terobin1 e sound rst-arpes naveug~ Ian ma.ony ,oseolos,
ported Clydes marte Dutch~ess, now of th~e steadier, an:.tivo 'yo.c, witL b.'yenie0.S- ,tlat d.sdlting is bqalt'uadly_"ndg2ots- 'meadgs'resp.etl to 'iestheo ;; his neereunde.t.the Contom, No,.ary-.si Brcn ,,pe:nfy as..edoml"ug,,in iso.m.elio,
"B~.*p.'lfar":t1Idda, jtvh-eredalfa ietent. .- -t. ='' '...''.= wthtlehwprcs' -wi'l-tul-''omtljadth' the'eSoeheiv-,,a--2,--.a %.c.~u processr ay.m ,ye nt.-..A"ub.,A f .,So
be"nfo4t~l a.ffid~Slln b f.lv~des" Shonoud the question come up as 'tottbe' 'sorte. "H eclaims that "th'fedl eais ay to *tt th andthe '- .r- -..-- gl. Something -ys u yu'l explain youradi. Of.u course I A;,ponitry-sho~wivilbe held.In.'course-
daf'th'br~ses' afdj'l-#ivtlo., ....t... o t-'f strengthngth. of the best bar-iron for the chain ealt.hrtbnne ......... d the iisua fonW( "ris, .' 1ji~ly else,'who would not failto-can....... upon me can guess what thOSe two idiots qua:-reedclans with. the hiaoht,,A. ..fatstocksb.owlthl,-
Scotland. and bands,.the ans~wei is that by. a dlree.t ln' tbd salt' dIrect- to 'the butte'r-when'. -In-due course: '....=-~ '" about,, but' ltvseems-tA: m'e that 'lnantmon year. '. -i -.2. ...',-'"
A pull, a rod a fourth of an inch square will has'tea'chid ttie'grann-ul sta t& "." !. L:replled that It would .be neediess to. wret~ch' IA .p'rtty!stroug langujageforg a .- .'it'- -. -..-c K..t i..
-Barberry Hedge. hear..two tons for -,a, short-' time,' and one; ... gire~hid friends that trouble.- "'Of course,t' nauttous rellow like you to use. Between i Buhacn or Persian Ins -tpowder Is now
The herhe-rrt'br 1rbdrery;" as this hardy .th- tonr4nuodaly, bnt! In practice; a jM, I........;_--.-., ... I. contlnued,'"'you Will, not pretend, tham.t' .you and.! me, what did .yoneu~m 'nb.lt.i"', ad,vised-lz.bea _ke W.pre' d._t
pnlantd&svanlosly t~rdied~,.ia'mploy,.l- wrench or~twisting dr'ft-,actini h'eqn'fl Adiioa e .br~ t to th pr" the ostensible causeof your quarreltish, t -e~ Phaps. I-ashardly jtitiuedin tellng> ~taifd ,,banweos1Tat T5'i -:
someoeUioalli~ s a c h a.J It s easily- dr sldeitf'e, -wopjd bleak a b -' -tl_.o .fplantin.g pe~ach~s~tones of fin e~v- real ode', ?...in i =- UIA:: but~at their moment I- r-eally'dld nob' :' rin."ld"4 .t- t.lWr t'*., o ain,,i
-- ine ls r t h ,"'in '3 m.swet, mu , .f .
propagated both from seed and, by a mimes larger, and therefore~thesiitiiie' /rltle -s -givpjp'r.t .lu,e-lat ...pk.Of....!' -".The cause of quarrel," returned he,I is. see fa-" whose sake.I wqs hound to.be-reti-" 'dlanoca1 i.'r";" .'~. :t '~ '"". "
dlyi,_4iottofath-etroot,ri'The e mbe have gjvyen is n~onetoo -large. -.. ... n- :- Ma......~e ...i^..;;~~.: A... h. f..perfect, simp.licity.." '.Ihave used wor~ds. ..n. Tmy. min'tern wtb'-nubt.ln'gex-' ,.2 :...'r.'. .- ..,,:..._."..
paye... -crdn ish rep.ort~ ,.,,..of lso,.,,ty,' op-,,. bch ellid wihdamn bywic raordnr 1W suchn oan'd'la~ q 11ts4 tirafycnco tbaa thne" Fat
sonand earyf punore asV')~d I s hu aseried -: ..,-.... :- mit-.. if~et on I.rmis, otue.g.o.ve~r;.jvhcs -has Mr. Beauchamp concedlves himself no be wiashig to get Beauchafup oub.dfSnheinway.tdUflfhM-a imsueees. ... 'iit... .:.
andbre-etlnbore thy lardrteu$iLr they seed Botanists Inclu -In the grass. am.fmy 'competed .at .every .exfip'_mno.u .wh..eqp~ri~es wounded. And permit,-e onces more, sir, and'stepp-lun". Ala-,-shoes.:-' I fht'MNlaj* l jjfr jsc,; j 'jV,,, a 'o
aoered kep logt baoe-pan ting theyaebr,,-y-m wheat:= ; T.hartsuu corn, rice, nlro~hy,. w~ereooft~oed .as.,done: so oqt.m ensr.eurgly, to tell you thaft this conversation IS most stained'.t:md that mm-daerds 'mf'oalyi Inr'l : 'ft" iy,, iii .T'Lu'3vqrbp i
covered.... .po.t.sand.' A. very,.usual redroptblue grass, g jug calcaneosorghum, i nj eemhtread..ng'fruit i -i .. irre...lar.'""'' g rded *ith gr e te" abhor ence-ann I" tlfl; 'tt e L 1Ji d&Wbt b'atdid' M qt&Ahgtse 4I.d
andtl'ua .rtrans..plantS~~h thbe~siUi'er-" see: in" rli 'ar~ "...g the hedge". dtpus.Coei o Llb- s'uris,. vaua0 in.l" ..Ifrae-.-"t"s' .repo.. rted tht'" .. ..h"e "-onc ..ad.. .... be.t teuar idaesa"ten to, me aI rtloed, s.ous- T ~he' reared ilorese'tWl6', a~h avae iucgstreauen j~fi.,, "l .a 5i1In Ib
row,-though sogiej.leto~aoiy the- seed in ...... ... -,.eg.. .. ....,p a'lbre thas : bee s e'c rotl, dfdd whodeis hafnbete biste itom of all. theisa ,r-ie' to thd.'ied glance Aic lT.='oitl~m tlrt inj a Jitpo'-,e L ., -tot ri.hls "i.'IS .
weethen hedge 'is desired. afterwards.. There are thousand differences between-.rm.xe y.pam-smn~.:M"M,-ad"itrua.'ewi-..thfrma-pp wtreesnd by placiui'g f-,t r'seA~oi manure. O'.*.-in .t5qjiiallre".
-rIiu-ng'out'.heyoung.plants.````.. -'. 't'* .. :upsbutWa ae'astonishing1y"allke"R ".Rev--around the base of-;be ff~d-&6d'li"'i n-- ab 'ltr Mayar,- Ineruped I=e V"etu -t n4 -.ii ......ior~u d'm's m sest ,wet~ 'i.nin.
-= in-. ,,, : .---- "" .... am. Jo- r g y "'-: Y"'wit~h i'. .. .... ........c. zaci,- it ls'impossibleithat I shouldd l~setn.rlmrJ~tabl.fr: as citulpa~b~le-,esemin' in .al, ,,,t. .,t3_!ep" :'N_
.". : .. ..,: ,::.: a a~es .. -- .. :: ... :- --in -. ... t .' : r-,='.T ,- 4i.m .2"L..'-dt'I-'W A, -T -u *r'.: tibnencibj pln a m,-n9 .14l9x. h1.4 A Qlktn r -
.- ... .- , ..,-_ _ ,_ ..,. __._ ,, ..* ._. .. #.; ,,... .. ,. .. ., .... y,... _... "- --- .. - '--- -'," "': - .- -" .'. ..n in int" -.-- 'i'
fm :'. ... in
-=. '.-: = .: . .. *. 2.-- '.: _
'in' '. 'in 'in: ; .--z --. ,inin.t
in ... 'in.r 'in i in .- .'-'in' -n .'." .'-''''' 'A--- L -,a inc-in
'in .:- -n' :< -in ..n.- 'i n""-.: -
in: : .-_ -- : in -, ." 1 : 1
in- ---in-' 2 '-in--'.--
State News in Brief.
-Fort White is to have a cigar factory.
-Cattley guavas are plentiful in Sor- t
-The Indians at Fort Pickens num- 9
-Schools throughout the State are
-The cigar manufacturing business at
Quincy is flourishing.
-A large cracker bakery is' to be es-
tablished at Orlando.
-Bartow has one of the best ice manu-
factories in the State.
-DeSoto county will have forty-five
schools next winter.
-Manatee county will vote for a per-
manent county seat December 1st.
-The County Immigration Conven- i
tion of Sumter county meets on the 28th.
-The new lighthouse at Anclote Key
was lighted on the 15th for the first time.
-Tampa is taking steps to secure the
early completion of the F. R. & N. to
-The St. Mark's branch of the F. R.
& N. Railroad has been changed to stand-
-Key West reports that the new crop
of leaf tobacco in Cuba is scarce and
-The lemon shipment around Pana -
soffkee has begun and the crop is said to
--One party at Welaka will make 800
gallons of wine this fall from Scupper-
-'it takes,5,000 employes to do the
work of the Florida Railway and Navi-
--It is said that the Morgan Line of
steamers will be running to Cedar Key
by the first of October.
-The Arcadian advises everybody in
DeSoto county to try an acre of Cuba to-
bacco this winter.
-Lake county has received $5,100 from
the .treasury of Orange county, from
which Lake was partitioned off.
-Track laying on the T., A. & G. R. R.
was recommended last Saturday at Mont-
verde, and will continue without stop.
-The stockmen of DeSoto county met
recently and divided the county east to
Peace River, into.-four cattle districts.
-The farmers of Majison take much
interest in their new' organization. "The
Farmers' Protective Association."
-Telegraph pole' dare being put up be-
tween Titusville and Jupiter, and com-
munication over the wires will soon be
-It is rumored that the South Florida
Railroad is having four large boats built
Sfor the purpose of carrying the mail from
this country to Cuba.
-A large number of small cigar facto-
ries are being started in Florida, all of
which are working with much success
the tobacco grown in the Stare.
-Excellent, heavy tobacco is being
raised in the Gulf Hammock, and proves
so satisfactory a crop that the acreage
given to "'the weed" will be greatly* in-
creased next year.
-"The White" Railroad is to be-ex-
tended to New Smyrna. A corps of
engineers is going oyer the line. Itisex-
S pected that the road will be niade of the
standard gauge at no distant day.- -
-It is stated on what is regarded- as
good'authority that "Florida's Rolling
Expositon Car" will be brought down to
Tampa. some time this month, before
leaving for its trip through the North.
-Tnteires-t in the Sub-Tropical is
steadily increasing in progressive Polk
. county, and the bright and influential
Bartow Informant advocates an exlir.it
by "the big trio"-Orange, Hillsborough
and Polk counties.
-The colored State fair will be held at
Orlando in February : Io, rates over all
the State railroads have been assured and
exhibits w:ll be carried and returned free
of charge. W. A. Walters is the mana-
ger of the fair.
-The South Florida Railroad now has
three men in the North and West dis.
tributing five tons of maps, circulars and
other advertising matter. If the real
estate agencies would do as well, there
would be no lack of vioitois this winter.
-Lakeland is to have a first-class
graded academy. The academy building
is being built and will be ready for occu-
pancy early in October. The principal
of the school will be Professor A. M.
Baker. ot Kentucky. a graduate of the
Indiana State normal school.
-Messrs. Hege, of Salem. N. C., ex-
tensive manufactuiersof and dealers in
mills, machinery and castings, will in a
short time proceed to erect buildings at
Apopka City, in whichh to establish their
machine,foundry and repair shops. The
city council has voted to relieve this
property from taxation for a period of
-Durjng the, month of August there
we're'ereven clarian'ces of coastwise ves-
sels from this port. Tonnage 4,578;
number of men, 91. There were but
two clearances of foreign vessels of 8-2
tons and 18 men. There was one foreign
entrance of 264 tons and t men. There
were .4 coastwise entrances with a ton-
nage of 1,520 and 32 men.-Apalachicola
Tim es. -'.. ,..
-There is a new.aad -very important
industry started in Criando that. few
people are as yet aware of, that being.
the manufacture of a most 'perfect ven-
tilated building block. The blocks are
made" of. Portland-cement and- sand
mixed in proportion suitable to make a
hard and durable. .artificial stone. They
are made foll6w;,and tea inches thick,
ten inches wide.and thirty inches long,
with, grooves on the bottom and' corres-
-'O.'ng tongues on the top, so that
every-block will fit.dqwn and match to-
geth'er liue the'tdi.ues'" and grooves of
flooring, thus doing awa.y with any mor-
tar or cement to hold them. The ends of'
each block fit together with something
like a dove-tail.-Orlando Record.
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRIUT GROWER, SEPTEMBER 28, 1887.
Tobacco in Florida.
[Continued from 1st Page.]
this- is a very important feature, and
nuch attention is paid to the proper
grading and sorting of a crop by manu-
13. YmELD.-The present crop will un-
doubtedly yield from 500 to 600 pounds
to the acre on an average, but there are
many crops which, owing to more intel-
ligent care, will yield at least 1,000
pounds to the acre, and under a higher
state of cultivation even this could be
We have found that there will be about
300 acres of tobacco raised in the State
this year, and on the result of this small
crop much depends as to the future cul-
tivation of the plant. If the farmers
find ready sale for this year's crop, there
is little doubt that many thousands of
acres will be. grown in the next few
years, and with proper methods of grow-
ing, and careful, intelligent curing and
sorting, we see no good reason why Flor-
ida should not only regain her former
prestige as a tobacco producing State, but
indeed become the leading tobacco State,
for the natural advantages she enjoys,
both in climate and soil, will go far to-
ward giving her tobacco a reputation in-
the markets of the world that could,
scarcely" be attained elsewhere in this
The opportunity exists, and thepeople
have only to apply their energy and am-
bition to accomplish great results.
A mistaken idea seems to exist among
most of our farmers, that because they
plant Cuba seed they can raise Havana
tobacco, and as such it ought to com-
mand as good a price as the genuine im-
ported article. :
Now, it is just as impossible to raise
Havana tobacco in Florida, as it would
be to raise Florida tobacco in Havana.
Each place possesses certain features
both of soil and climate peculiar to itself,
so the farmers should rid themselves of
this false idea. Florida tobacco should
make a reputation for itself, for there-is
a certain flavor and aroma possessed by
it that is both desirable and agreeable,
and we think that it will find much
favor with the smoker, when properly
introduced, as the experiments thus far
madb in the raising of tobacco leaves no
doubt in our minds that the industry
can be made a success,' and also assume
vast proportions. This -exaggerated idea
of the tobacco has also led many grow-
ers to attach a fictitious value to their
crops, and they have asked in some cases,
prices which were far above the value of
the article, and thus we have found
some farmers with portions of their old
crops still on hand. They do not seem
to realize the fac that tobacco must be
sold on its merits, and where some of the
farmers have taken a great deal of pains
and given much time and attention to
producing a fine crop, and as a result,
sell it for a good price, their neighbors
are too prone to treat this as a basis of
value for their own crop, and demand
the same price.- when-frequently there is
no comparison in the article.
iPAST HISTORY AND FUTURE PROSPECTS.
STobacco was first cultivated in Florida
in- 1829, but no; record was kept of the
yield, until the census of 1840. when the
State produced 75 274 pounds, of which
66,3924 pounds was raised in GEidsden
county. From 1850 to 1860, the highest
point of production was reached, and
for'several years the annual sales were
3,01.:.1 to 4,00iJl boxes of 40)0 pounds each ;
from lsf the production decreased un-
til 1M.'w, when the gross product was only
From this time tobacco has been grown
in small quantities, but not until the
present year has any interest been
taken in its production. The principal
counties groiving tobacco this year are:
Gadsden. Leon. Coluwmbia anud Suwannee.
Gadsden showing the largest acreage.
About one third of the present growers
have haod Eome previous experience in
raising tobacco, but the balance are now
handling their first crop, and vwi bout a
thorough knowledge of the proper mnieth-
ods to pursue some failures will result.
but his3 should not discourage them, as
the knowledge can soon be acquired,
and once gained will be profitable.
There seems to be an ample supply of
negro labor available in the tobacco sec-
tions, and under intelligent supervision.
we believe this labor could he made to
answer all the requirements for its culti-
In view of these facts the idea sug-
gests itself to us that where large plan-
tations are now lying idle, they could be
divided off-into small tracts and a cabic
erected ou each tract, the cost for which
for a substantial dwelling is but small.
These cabins could be occupied by negrc
families, and each family could raise
say three acres of tobacco, the payment
for which could be a share in the crop
or a fixed compensation. This could be
made a good source of revenue to the
owners of these plantations, and, by in
creasing the acreage of tobacco, buyers
vould have more inducement to visit
We. think it would be a. mistake to
have each tenant raise more than three
acres, as the result from this amount of
land carefully cultivated would be more
satisfactory "than from -a larger tract
which could not receivethe same atten-
:We have given this subject mud
thought, and desire to call your attention
t6 'the following- facts which suggest
themselves to us:
The culture of tobacco in Florida i'
not new, it is but the revival of what al
most seems to be a lost'industry. But
never was there a tinie'more favorable
than the present for its renewal on a
large and successful scale. As already
stated, the climate and soil are admir-
ably adapted to the raising of tobacco
and..the .requirements of the trade are
such ,that.manufacturers of cigars are no
longer satisfied with the tobacco that ii
grown, in.'_the old.,'eed leaf. growing
.Sfates; and are constantly, on the lookoun
for something- foreign, or other thanLh(
old styles' which' they have used, anc
'for the want of something better,' oi
nearer home, they have turned largely
for their supply of wrappers to Sumatra. magnificent sheet of water in the South.
This tobacco has nothing to recommend An unparalleled offer. Address, for
it, except that it makes a beautiful sample copy of paper and full particulars,
wrapper, and pleases the eye rather than THE EQUATOR PUB. CO., -
the taste. Nevertheless, it is marvellous Key West, Florida.
what these Dutch companies have
achieved in the culture of tobacco on -Weg Know by Experience.
the island of Sumatra. Ten years ago Ko b E
Sumatra tobacco was almost unknown,. For three years we have used Brad- A
and very little cultivated. This year the ley's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test- an
sale of this product will probably reach ing along with other high grade fertil- s.
twelve millions of dollars in Amsterdam. izers, we pronounce it better than any de
Of course, we have no idea that twelve sold in Florida. We shall use it again 2a
millions of dollars worth of tobacco will,, this year. 31
be raised in Florida, in the immediate ;We do not hesitate to say to the vege- fr(
future, but we do claim that Floride to- table growers of Florida that they can- ta
bacco, if carefully cultivated and cared not use anything so good as Bradley's pc
for, as it ought to be, will show many of Florida Vegetable Fertilizer.- We know G
the requisite' qualities that our cigar by experience what we say regarding -
manufacturers are constantly in search this fertilizer. :a
of. But the Florida tobacco is entirely WOFFORD & WILDER. as
unknown, it will have to be introduced Ft. Mason, Fla. WC
first. T ,
S MISTAKEN IDEAS. Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
We have referred to the extravagant Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are lo
notions that some farmers have as to the. king finely.b
valueof their product. True,' every one WILLIAMS, CLARK & C 0. a4
has a right, to get all he possibly can for,4 e
the result of his labor, but if he holds Ladies' Purchasing Agency. I
the same unreasonably high, especially A New York lady of experience and c
fora new product and in a remote' local- taste,' enjoying the best facilities' for $J
ity, people will scarcely go in search of shopping under advantageous condi-
it, but once introduce the tobacco, and tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
familiarize the dealers and smokers gen- trig to seEu re any kind of wearing ap- 4
rally with it, and the natural laws of parel, toilet articles or household goods,
trade will govern its value. Take for at New York prices., Send for circular.
example, in 1880, when the raising of Address- MRS. S. S. Jones, r,
Sumatra was fairly under way, there 179 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. m,
were produced 64,964 bales, in 1886 the -
product was about 140,000 bales, and the SEPTEMBIER WEATfIER.
selling price during the same period had b, "
increased fully :3) per cent., showing The following tablecompiledfrom the records
that the markets of the world both ap- of the Jack- onville Signal Station by Corporal q2
preciate and pay for an article that hasT. S. Townsend, represents the temperature, con-
adpay fora rilh h ditlon of weather, rainfall and direction of wind' r
merit. for the month of September, asobserved at the .j
Again, the farmer has deluded himself Jacksonville station during the past 15 years: p
with this "Cuba" idea, and the little in- r n .
formation that he has on the subject has KP ViWATER. A
been hurtful to him. For example, ac- =. 0
cording. to the annual circular of Straiten d
& Storm, the cigar manufacturers, the gL L , i. b
Island of Cuba produces from 250,000 to "- a, 0 =
850,000 bales of tobacco annually, of -- -e-- -- -
which not 25 per cent. represents what t$7l h' ; l 1" 113 6.377 NE IP
is known as "Vuelta Abaj0" (or fine), 1571 1 4( 6i lr, I 65 NE 1
is167 Ir4 8e. '4 14 1. 1 .It, NE a
the value of which would be fairly. .;.5 S -, ,: I 1" i1 u 4 4 t) NE a
placed at about 4(0 cents to 60 cents per' 176 h 43 66 14 4 13 5. 2. NE
pound. The other 75 per cent. of the' 1.. 5' 1507 2 69 6175 NE
pr17%875 sW 0NI141 ; 63.61iK E
tobacco raised on the Island of Cuba 1a 6 5; ;'2 i t 1.4'. NE
represents the more inferior qualities, i; 1 11 41 5 .4 ,., i 'V 11 5 NE d
and are worth in Havanafrom 5 cents 16i 8 54 ;5 16 I 4 2.; NE o
na l 1 8 62 ', 51 7 15 P 7 1..' NE ac
to 80 cents per pound. The natural 9'j 69 I 14 I I. ; 26 NE
query would be, which of these tobaccos t-i 9 ,3 i 15. 3 1 12 NE
does the'Florida resemble? In our pin- 5 5 4 6 it 6 3.5'S N 2
ion, neither, but as already stated, it has e-Sf814 k - I ,'17 J '2.47 NE 2
a merit of its own, and on it must rest 8 8
its success and value. So as to the seed Opinions of the Press.
used, it will not do to imagine that be-
cause seed comes from the Island of [From the Southern Cultivator.]
Cuba, that it is necessarily good, or de, "The Success of the FLORIDA FAR-
sirable. We think seedfromthe Vuelta MER ND FRUIT-GROWER, of Jackson-
Abajo district to be more preferred, be- ville, surpasses that of any similar
cause it represents in Havana the finer publication in America. The publishers
tobacco: still, experience will go far to- seem to be over-liberal in giving the t
wards demonstrating which of the va- mechanical part every attraction possi- )
rious seeds will prove most advanta- ble, while Editor Curtiss is doing the c
geous, but, as a rule, it would be unwise best work of his life. It is a combina-
to take seed from a locality in the Island lion that cannot failof abundant success.
of Cuba where they cannot and never The Cultivator is never sorry to see such
have raised good tobacco. It isalso possi- enterprise rewarded, as we have no
bIe that the Sumatraseed will thrive well rivals to be jealous of, but wish all sue-
in Florida. Our preference would be, cess." -
for these two species of seed: -Cuba" of [From the Gardeners' Monthly] i
the best kind, or Sumatra, for the fur- We are continual receig ne
their reason that .the trade no longer "We are continually receiving new
looks with favor upon the extremely agricultural ventures, [ut useful as they D
large species of tobacco, such as the old are in their own special fields, we rarely
Florida, but the preference is for small find in them anything of special interest
to medium size leaf that will wrap from to the intelligent class of horticulturists
oneto tdiufor which the Gardeaer.s' Monthly has to
The one great drawback to the imme-wo cigars cater. We were. therefore, agreeably
T h e o n e g re a t d r a w b a c k to t h e im m e 13 o n r a i s m o g t h b a c *
diate success of the cultivation of to- surprised on reading amniong the batch
Sbacco will be the want of knowledge, as, of exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this
Iwell as weans.and many-of the planters to find it of a very high order of intelli-
well doubtless become discord ge and ence, a one l ich must have an ex.
will abandonubtliess becomulture discouraged, band- cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
;abandon the culture cor tobacco, not be?- ^..>
cause it cannot be made a success but e't ."
for the above reasons From the Times-Democrat.l
If ,omui project could be develoie6 by "Editor C-rtiss, of the FARBIER AND
which the raisingof tobacco could'be en- FRUIT-GROWER, evidently struck the
couraged on a large scale, stand wid h am- popular fancy when hlie established that
: p1e means, upon a basis not unlike that journal. Its'succes is phbnoinenal, and I
Pursued bysome of the large Dutch corm- although only a few months old, has al-
Spanics who raise Sumatrai, it would be ready taken the lead in all matters per
i of great advantage to this industry, taining to Southern horticulture. I
These Dutch companies got the land
for nothing, furnished the capital, em- [From th e Texas Farmer. I.
f played Chinese labor, and have certainly "'Florida is not behind hersister Soth?
* developed an industry for which they erm States in material progress.-'I'bt'
Sdeserv.e%,at credit: ought to be called the land of fruits and "I
Now. elements to a success in this flowers, for each of these grand divis-
Sdirect" re not wanting in Florida. ions of horticulture are equally at horne,
'There sto be an abundance of labor, there. The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUI,
as wel s land. Capital and intelligent GRO(3WER is an ably conducted and eled, _
'enterprise are the twogreat things want- gantly printed paper devoted to these
Sing. 4, very topics, to which we refer the reader
S In this we may have drawn somewhat for further iuforniAtiOn."
on our imagination, but itf you could de- iFruai we Florida Baptist Wines6.; ,
vise some means by which such an en- --
Sterprise could, be called into existence, it The FARMER AND FRTUIT-GROWER
would prove an enormous advantage to comes to our table regularly and prompt-
Sthe State, and to the raising of tobacco ly. and is full of interesting and instruc-
especially. tive matter. It certainly excelsany paper
S, With a concentration of intelligence we have seen, for Florida especially.
Sand capital, rarely had.by the individual Send to Jacksonville for it. Address as
- planter, the cultivation of tobacco could above, and read it awhile and be con-
Sb'e very much improved, a market for minced.
the goods obtained and encouragement tFroim'tie'&aineavile Morning Record.)
furnished the farmer that he would, no "We are in re.eipt.f',il. FFORID'
o doubt, profit by. FARER MtkFRiT-RO ,.blh'd
e "< C by C. H. Jones & Bro.. it .Tie-
f Before closing this report we desire nion office, and edited P'of.'A.
Mntonr office. and edited by ProfA. Ia.
e to say that the planters upon whom we Curtiss. I*is first-class i- every.yrespect ,
called took a deep interest in our work, agn is a paper which every farmer and
and afforded us every facility in their fruit grower ,shbuld have. Its articles
power to further our mission. They.re- atre full of plainn. good, common sense.
ceived and treated" us most hospitably, We hopeto give our readers the benefit
n; and were unanimous in their sincere apL- of manyof its articles. Success to-.th'e
t. precaution of your efforts to encourage enterprise." -"_ .
their own, as well as the interests of the r oe e to Jona.)
railroad company. .t
Trusting that some benefit may accrue ,We regret that theft Brst number [of
, from our efforts, we are, the FARMER AND FRUITr GROWER] failed
e Yours respectfully, .to-reacb us, but the second.eshows a very
a H. RANDOLPH KRETSOHMAR.. handsome sheet as to paper: typography
,. 3W. MURRAY CORRY. and general make up, while theeditorial
department is all we expected of the dis-
- A Home in Florida, ringuit bed editor. Many of our readers
are interested directly and seconda-
o Your attention is called to the offer oe r~ly in everything connected with Flor-
s a' lot, in Macedonia City, Lee county, ida, and 'we cordially commend this
Florida, and a .year's subscription-to a' new and excellent periodical as worthy
r 'leading papier-of the State, for $4'. Mac- cof their patronage. .With best wishes
edonia City is-fifteen miles south of the for its success, we welcome this uew as-
I terminus of the Florida Southern Rail-, pirant for public favor and patronage,
r road at Trabue, and overlooks the far- feeling assured of the good work it will
r famed bay of Charlotte Harbor, the most accomplish in and out of Florida."
JACKSONVILLE, September 23,1887.
iIEATS-D; S. short ribs,boxed, $9 50;D. S
ag clear sides.. $9,50; D. S. bellies $9 62'A;
noked short ribs,.$10 26; smoked bellies, 10 25;
C. hams, canvissed fancy,18%c; S..C. s0 oul-
rscanvassed 8yb; California or picnic hams
Ec. Lard-refined -tierces, 7c. ---Mess beef-
.rels, $1100; half-barrels;- $6 50; mess pork,
7 00. These -quotations -are for round lois
am first hands.
BuTTnR--Market firm and advancing. Best
ble, 28@28c-per pound; cooking, 15@20c per
Grain. Flonr, Hay. Feed, Hides, Etc.
GRAIN-Corn-The market ,firm with an
ward tendency. Reports of a large short-
ie I u "p r- e u t crop are confirmed, and corn
ill Dn- h,.iv bring anylower prices the
ining season than the present quotations.:
he following figures represent to-day's values:
re quote white cornjob lots, 70eper bueinei;
r load lots, 68c per bushel- mixed corn, job
ts, 63c per bushel; car load lots, 61c per
ushel. Oats higher, in sympathy with'corn,
t the following figures:- Mixed, in job lots,
'c; car load lots, 37rc; white oats are Sc high-
r all around. Bran frmer, $19@20 per tonm
HAY-The market is higher and very scarce.
Western choice, small bales, $2100@22 00 per
>n; cat load lots, $20 50 per ton; Eastern hay,
950 per ton. .'
Pz,\A4L ljRliI Ai-rlAiAL-O-15S, advancing,
FLOTTR-Be-t patents. e 54; o6d faitily,
I t-iul 175, c t)runmtu. 9'-4 25J.
PEAS-PLtlx--d I 15. wbhip. 6t 'V. CI., s 6 '6.1 A
GRu ND FEED-Pcl ui. 024 I":.
CriFrEE-0-tta M RI.:.2-,_24.,: _per pound: Ja'a,
iat,.-d', .42.a'',: Moihi. r'oi tied, .3:c: Rio,
mast,-d, 1*.i. e"; ground Rio ,:ce'e IaiL7v5 p: r
COTTON SEED MLEAl.--DenrCnd llgbt. tea
dlandtor dark i-nal, lt'1'it'.j,' 10 t per ton;
right or'short cottou meal ut of markCet,
il mills shut down and cld stock leaned up.
TOBACCO.STEMS-Markc quiet but fiLrm iat
13 0014 00 per ton."
LimEi-Eastern, 500 barrel lots 1 g11, l0) bar-
el lots $ 40, less than 100 $1 .0H). Alabama lime
115. Cement-American 82e; Engi-Uch 8i3"5
er barrel. -
RicE-Tn- quotaLtlous vary, according to
Untitv. ironm .5'- '6',, cenes per pound.- ,"."-..
s.ALr-Liverpo,:. per sack, lwo; per car
HIDEs-Dry Dtnt, cow, per pound, fdrl class,
L,1.;,t2q..t-:; anrd country dry salted i,,'.l1c0et.s;
ufchu-rG dry aLited S ceuls. Sk.in-D'er diit,
) cents; salted I ceDts. Furs--Oter, w-nter,
ach 25cWl:t w: raccoon 10iI15 cents; wild cat
?016 cenis; l'Oi 1i)..315 cents. Beeswax per
iound, 16 Cents; wool, free nrom burs, lji
ente; curry, 8J,15 cents; goat slnus l0centa
Cou nry Produce.
Ca.&sr-Fine Creamery 14 cents per pIound.
Lrvr POuLTRYV-Llmnited supply and good
eruand as follows: Hens .i5 cents; m-ixed .A
cents; bali grown ) cents. They are scarce
,nd in great demand.
EOus-EiuEvalCoLinty.25 cents perdozen with
ood demand and limited supply.
IRiansH Por.roEs3-Nortnerin potatoes 027F5c.
90 per barrel.
OxioNs-western per barrel .3 .1, New York
8 75 per barrel.
NewYork Cabbage; 10u12c per head.
NEw BETsS-New York '275 per barrel.
ToxATcFs-New York, per crate. 111A).
TURnIPS-Ruta Bana variety 82.50 per bar-
Foreign and Domestic Fruits.
Heavy advance in all canned good, cover-
Lug 50c per dozen, mosi noticeable in peaches,
pears and apple?, caused by short, crop-corn
and tomatoes;c also, in canned fish, principally
n salmon. ow'inE to short catch this year,
'eatch being lighter than any season lor foar
PINJAPPLE-81t 752ti')1 per dozen.
LEM~oN5-Mesina6, $S 3 i.i 75 per box.
FIGS-in layers, 1ic.
D1rAr1.-Persian-Boxes, w; FraUls, 7c.
Nu'r--A.Ilm'jnd4 1'c; Braiils 12c; Filberts
SIcilv'i I2c; EnElishi walnuts, Grenobles, lmc;
larboit.s 15c; Pec.ins tH; Peanuts 6,L' c; Cocoa-
iuts 8-1) per hundred.
R.u-s3INs--London layers. 62,'5 per box.
BurrERTN---Creamery :),:; Extra Dairy 17c;
LU'rSE-Ha"' skim 10oc; cream 15.1i7c per
APPLES--New York. $2775,'"a0 per barrel.
Si.'Jr Pears I 75 per barrel; Barilett Pears
$5ii per barrel, \SW )er aialf barrel.
SDelawnare 'Grape., 15e per potLud.
Jamaiea Bannars 825,'; 'i',1 .N per r.anch.
:- .. 1'-; Retail. .
The ili"riwlnag qilll4tions are careftully re-
rite," for Wedn'sday'" and Saturday'. papei'
'roml q, otationI- luiLthLIed I by deaJers In [the
.'t v Marti'k :- ,
N,'i Y,'rk Cibbage whoie'ale at 5.,.-i'.3)
per barrel and retail at l' rC-2)centD
Swe.t Potatoi-- wbolea1e at u50c per odi-ei
iand reLail at 2'c per p.ek.
E's are in i- demand. Duval county egos
e ',uoucd at wh:.lesrde 13.iL2S cents per
dozen, r'nd retail at 1," ceut.-
Boatou marrowfat s uasnies. wnolescle at
12) i'per ba irl, and retail at 405 tents pet'
New York Insh potatoes wholesale at 8.30i)
p-er barrel, and retail at 10 cents per quart, or
twwo 4uari.s f,:,r 15 cents.
iI ..,- .
uLiv p.cltrv-cbji'keuls wholesale at 2"1prla
:enise l atnb rei cat *2.54rpniseach. Dressed
poultry, per pti'n'd-cicen., retail; 18oents.
NoriberUT mEa5sjretal. as follows: .Chcago
beef l e.a cents pers.pound; Florida befelf 6r.S
lenti per pounds; veal -3j15 ce-nts; pork'- L2.1I5
czeni,; mutton liau) cnts-; 'venison 25'Tcenits;
ua ge 1I cents; cp rned bqef at cent.
Okra wnoles.aie at isal cents per peck, anti
Retails at 1) cents, or two quarts ior la cents.
.jBe OPlint p .wholesale at -heIs cents per
e'ln oand re-tail ai t 6.il0 cents each.
Nirthi n re stas bea lurnI psa 22 per barrel,
our Iuarts ior 2S5 cents.
Norbern carrots wholesale at 83 00 per bar-
ret; reail at acOcents pir pseck.
Ce1ery-alamazoon, 65.ceots per dozen, two
stalks for If1cent(. r
Snap beIns, wholesale .1 50 per bushel; re-
tail It cents per quart.
Tomatoes, wholes.ale 1 50 per crate; retaUl
1 cents per quart, two quarts for 5 centq.
LEAF TOBACCO MARKETS.
.NEW YORK, Sept. .3 -There Is no abate-
ment' o 7- interest In the tobacco market
thrIc are still tending upward, and he de-
mand Is very strong.
RICHhMOND 5elfrmber2l.-Leai' tobacco Is
firoo:i-Recelps are good, buti aelers and- buy
r iss im tobe holding aloof owing to th
uinseged maket In New York.
),ood o miary Nel.l
Wreel anats R 75Iblooking upward. Auctiol
sales of leas. from qoi 6 per hn
dredSAown. tooJ .. "
0AAWIA'H COTTO '-MA BRET.
SAV ANNAfl; September '26. -The tiptanc
CoTton market opened easy, and closed a
the uollotlegoquotaUons: n
Maddlihg fair 9 7-16 '
Good middling 9'.-I .
Low meduling 8 u-t"
Good ot-dinary Nominal.
The net receipts were 7658 hales; g.osi
receIpts 7558 ales; sales 8100 bales; stoat
at this port 76,918 bales; Exports coastwls
4258 Ifales. ; -':
8BSALSaLA.NB COTTON. .' -,
The' market Is quIet and nominal at uie
changed quotations. tittle stock for sale an'i
Common Florldas '-' "' 15 ..
Good Medium 17.
Medium fine '18
Exira Fine ...22
TOH1TI LU$ES and
VILLA FRANCA LEMONS, -
and can sEow tree ot the latter that eie'd' thb
cold last winter a- well as the Orange?. aue
NOW RAVE XRRUIT'UPON TTHEM. '
Send for (atalh',gue. .
E KE DE .& CARE:Y,...
FOR THE PEOPLE.
SAN EIGHT-PAGE PAPER.
Has the Ex.-lusive Frauchse ocf the
ASSOCIATED PRESS DESPATCHES
tee Largest and Only EfflcDeat New- Sr-'n.:e mn
tne ecrirtry. Also.
A SPECIAL TELEGRAPHIC SERVICE
and the n ost complete
FROM ITS OWN CORRESPOND DENTS.
frosUl the Leading Cities of the Uniou.lar-
ifljhe season, are indispensable to .l"f
Flit Grower, andare worth to each one
who basaadav'ymaUl twenty times
the price oe the paper.. ;is
are also full anti complete. ..
One Year, 810 'Six Months, 65. Three
Eonbs,",82.50. One Month, 81.
FBlODfl IBEE L IJE
is the Best and-Cheapest .Weekly~tn the South
Contains theCream of. the Daily-for the week. -
: Ai'I 1 I :
.- '- -.'-.
Oniiy $1 a- Y.ar; 60 centsifor'
- : ,' ", =i .' -.4 : '. '
r-Sanmple. oi. o1 .all.Freee 1., an' -
.ee. .. ,
,". .. *; : '^d:, .' *, \-: :- .. -
-W Send for circale "ginvtng-de-crolPOl-f' .t1.'e
Princely Premiums offered.tbb. ...
S* scrlbers to the : -' -
W I:q:JC fK!y TIMES
.. -. "" .- N :U ,
-. .-^* &=
*~~~ ~~ i-t .SSwiiw'.,~^
Iilc po"""1r n~vr vr i 'ue6. A luan-fi d>
puriIt y. Euingib an i whole-omnenecs, More
.-ionorul-'ibl tan the oriUnai.v kinds, and
caunut L,- sold In comrpillIon W1ta iLbe
mUultitideloi' tow. te.tc ebo rtrive,-rt[ aluinj Or
hoipbdte powdr's. .S-.,1, l-i 3 ,-
IA ITLAND NURSERIES.
S ALL VARiELi' Or '..
,' )RANI.B AND LEMON TRLES.'
Budsnot pitice' i.n small tock6, but on exirai
a largee a nd fle ones. -
We iake a sipeitalty or itie
--.E.ERLY S.PA. N1-I RAN'1-L----
,the earlier Tariety. knwn),
Winter Park FIB