Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00036
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 21, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00036
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text





An Industry Enjoying Speci
Advantages in Florida.
FRUITLAND, Fla., August 6. 1887.
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Will you please enlighten me respee
ing peach culture, as to expenses
.making orchard, packing, freight, et
What would be likely to be netted p
acre here when they are as abundant
in peach regions North? What wor
gives facts respecting peach culture, ai
not fancy figures? If you will answ
through your very excellent paper yc
will greatly oblige,
Yours respectfully,
[This letter was referred by the editor
to a well known authority on peach ca
ture in Florida, who kindly furnish
the following valuable information b
way of response:]
Editor Florida .Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
1" The above letter which you havl set
me with the request to answer Mr. E
icor, is a very practical one. and cov:e
ground in which many p,.-ople in F. ir.
are deeply interested. TLie qute:stii
asked by Mr. Fuller ale very compri-
hensive ones, and to answer them
full would require a good deal of sp(i
and time. I shall therefore con fine m
self to his questions, and shall tiy to I
as full and as brief as possible-.
1st. Whataretheexpensesof makic
an oribard 9
We will assume that Mr. Fuller bas th
land, that it is clear-e and ready t
plant, for if he has not, in the section
where he -lives he can readily estimate
its cost. To those .who live out ide ttL
State we can say that tirst-class land
o., which to grow peach orchards, pear
and sucb like fruits, as well as orange
can be had for $10 to $2.,5 per acre. t
clear which will cost A10 to ,25 Also pf.e

..--'. acrpe. .- -,
Peach freess lld- never be place
nearer than 12 feet. nor farther than 2
feet apart. The best-distfce we thiu
S i 15 feet each way. -'T T will give 19
trees to the acre. TS'- price of tree
varies from 15 cents to '5 cents each
"' according to size and variety. If th
varietes be Pien-Tau and Honey, th
standard early peaches of Florida. ..h
cost. of trees then would be, at 15 cent
eaci, +29.40 for 196. A good hand c.ugLh
to plant these in at least two days, dig
gingall of his holes.
The cost of packing, the second iter
of inquiry, is a very light one. Peache
are shipped from Florida in one-tourth
one-third, one-half and full crates. Th
average cost per crate is six cents. Ever
peach should be carefully wrapped, an'
the paper will not cost over two cent
per full crate.
Freight. the next item of inquiry
varies with the section from which yoi
ship and the one to which you ship. Bu
we cover the cost of shipping when w
say that 610 cents, irf a refrigerator, pe
full crate, is the cost to New York. Bv
ordinary express it is 20 cents cheaper.
The net price is hard to establish. Thi
depends much to whom shipped, thi
quality oat the fruit, how prepared fo
market, the condition it reaches market
in, and the demand. W- can ojly's s
that oui early crop of peaches this yea
netted us in New York over $4 pei
bushel. We shipped peaches entirely
ripe. too ripe to hare marketed them in
Jacksonville or any other Florida to-. n
and there was no complaint of rotting
and these peaches were kept in the re-
frigerator four days before starting fo
New York. Doubtless hereafter ou
crops will be marketed in this way bott
North.and West. I will state just here
that I sold my summer crop at "2,2 cent
per dozen, by the crate in Florida. It
regard to a work which gives facts re
specting peach culture we will lave to
refer Mr. Fuller to our pamphlet, which
as soon as we receive it fiom the
printer, .we will forward to him.
orfiER FAcrT.
1st. The Pien-Tau, and the Honey
also, generally bear some fruit the yeai
.. after it 'has been planted out if it' hlis
beou weLL worked and fertilized. This
." i h6ught by some toinjure the tree and
they pluck the fruit off. The average
S.ield isabout- six to ten, although we
haye known a tree to bear as many as
'" 100-'the- year hfter planting out. To
lt- kic-bffi`the fruit is a mistake. It does
n ot.injure the-tree to bear fruit, for it
will notponly thrive with frclit- on, but
grow about as rapidly. Summer and
'.' all trees should be protected from fruit-
-ingthefirerst year, but after that there will
-be. no trouble, -
erson.-who-plant for profit should
-try- aind lant'dut at least five acres.
.This fwilli.e quantity enough so
'- haty, in onni. n.sonwith shipping. they
'u idtava porator; an d thus
S.dry-.the' fgt inia.ll for shipping. or
hich mayh,- bird ,.pkled oiSpecked in
'-ri E rap.otatdepeAkhes never fail to
fiana e igh rice. by-thwholesale,
74 hend eman dfolthem is increasing

T. With our knowledge of the business, the best plan for produce
we propose to keep on planting until we and the most profitab
al get out as many as seventy acres. In should so much ground
our orchard we shall plant mostly spring orange grove which can
and fall peaches, and also a good. lot of an income, and at the
summer varieties, so that we will ship made to serve as a
from May to October. It is our-purpose against heat and cold ?
to erect an evaporator and also a can- JA:
ct- nery, and all that will not do to ship, or : SHELL PoNp NURSERI:
of may be under size, or bird pecked or AROCHER, Fla.
tc. partially specked, we propose to either *
)er dry or can, or do both. With peelingand The Ogeechee
as stoning machines, which rapidly prepare The tree whose leave
rk the peach either for drying or canning, fruit are represented in t
er a few hands can either dry or can much illustration, is indigenous
er fruit daily. Florida and the low cou:
o Summing'up what we have said above, Alabama, Mississippi an'
the cost and profit of an orchard per abounds in the great
acre may be safely summed up as fol- Ogeechee rivet', where
lows : are gathered every fall f(
or FIRST YEAR. market. For this reasoO
l- Coit of trees $29 0 Georgia as Ogeechee limn
es Freight 2 we think it is not recogn
SFertilizing ............... 5 00 tinctive name. It is no
Cultivation, plowing and hoeiI.g .............. 600 this State except on the
t Total $ and its tributary creeks.
ant Total sNr 00 It is strictly a swamp
f w ....... ....... ..... ,. ul ng e lk th s
as Fe .ii: n .... ............ tup-l. w hict are i
Ja Gad -li,'h .......... .. ... :: ,', Xi /'s.,t. The t[tipel'o iNq-
s F '-e; .-r ......... .... '- ", V -o SliC -u s trn -. a
_ r au. .. .. iz d ili n,, att lhe
in i,,. .. ... .........- r i ti the vy3 pre -s. The
ce Y.v-l. -. I.,Bet.-t-a omall ol:-si.tl-tai.- Ia-N ., 5-(i't' '.ilao i is a coaml
v. pr,.,.., r 1,t, -. ..-.... "' w: i and i, noted only
.e Pi...at ..... .. ........ ii whih aie an inch or mco
There is but little d,.oubt but that L te c.ral f:,rm, in color anrd tf
ig second year will ordinarily pay for tIe cranberries. Each berr
cost of the orchard and a'l expenses. stone witl prominent.
ie The third year the peach I:ears heavily, which are ol:ijectionable
to and continues to increase with age and table us,-. But as to flat
Pn attention. I am sure I am moderate in ane-, the preserved fruit
te my estimates, and give not only what jelly made from it is uue
'e has been realized, but se-k to expre-s In our illustration the I
Is what I believe t,. be the future out:com-e el s are redu.-ei at ,unt on
rs of the pearh business. As peach culture about oune-tird. The fl
s. re,'eiv-?s more attention and is cinder- to the stein are pistillate
-o stood better, it is my opinion that Floiida detached head of stamp
"r ill b- the surest section for an annual flowi.rs i birrre ron rn.,rlth-r

ing both fruits,
>le one. 'Why
lie waste in an
be made to yield
same time be
protection alike

s. P. DEPAss.

e Lime.
es, flowers and
he accompanying
s to northeastern
ntry of Georgia,
d Louisiana. It
swamps of the
its acid berries
or the Savannah
n it is known in
e, but in Florida
ized by any dis-
)t abundant in
St. Mary's river
tree. having a
waomp gurn and

ttaminng a large
bIas even ncore
(gei-n.litee limp
rp:iatively small
for its berries.
Ore in lengthi, ot
avor re-ei .cling
y has a large
ch.affy iidge',
in a fruit ior
vor and fa 'peaI--
is very fine, and
eaves and flow-
e-balf, the fruit
-ovet s attached
* or temanle. A
inate or wale
St r.- e, ik 4 li,-,rwn

ful, but this much may be relied on,
whatever characteristics may be devel-
oped in time by the seedling, the same
will be developed by buds taken from it
during its minority, when grown on the
right kind of s'ocks.
Herein consists the only valid objec-
tion to budding from an untested seed-
ling, we don't know what it will be.
Some seedlings will not bear, others will
bear inferior fruit, others again bear too
sparsely to be worthy of cultivation, and
the cases are rare indeed in which a seed-
ling is found to be identical with its
parent, With these facts before us there
seems to be no good reason for spending
our time and energy budding from any
untried seedling, especially as we have

Points of the Angora Goat.
Before the last number, containing Dr.
Eldridge's letter on Angora goats, was
actually published, we received by mail
two electrotypes, one of a single Angora
and the other of a group. For the gen-
erous loan of these we tender our thanks
to Mr. Stephen Powers, of Lawtey, and
to the editor of the Texas Stockman,
The latter is one of our most valued ex-
changes and. one from which we make
frequent selections.
We are pleased to read in a South
Florida paper that a car-load of goats,
comprising fifty head, passed over the
South Florida railroad recently, bound
for Campbell Station, in Polk county.


It is said that grain tertilized with ,
stable manure is distasteful co horses.
and from the cow lot to cows. This can-
not be true of mine. for the ground is
rich enough without fertilizing and I do
not put any on it for the;e- glain;. They
eat corn, corn fodder and cow pecs.- no
matter what manure is used. I call at-
tention to th:s one fact. that all stock
will not take to all good forage plants, -
so that if one person's cattle refuse one
or two sorts, it is no sign that it would
not be good for'. others; also, to say it fisT
not best to pi llv too much of one thing
tVll the stock' wbh ii is to use it has been
tested. B. C.

About Fertilizing' Strawberries
Editor Florida Fa n.-.:', td PF, m-Grd.r-t.P -
- In your phper of this date I noticed ..-
Mr. Powers' formula for strawberries.
He says they "require principally an ap.- .
plication, of mineiail elemruenta, potash te e
does not ay what kind. phospboric acid
and lime." .
I always avoid lime in all fertilizers,
except sulphate of lime. and certainly -
should avoid tlis in strawbenrry g'row-ig.
I cano)-ic grow anything 'succetifull-
without ammuouis. True. I do ubt want,
as mui.h armmonia for strawberries as
for turn's or oniocis, but more is re-
i.!iicd than for peas. and the amount, I
do need is as nei ce.sary as the phosphoric
acid or the sulphate of potash. The.
it.tio. 34 per cent. ammonia, 5 per cent.
available phosphoric acid and .5 er cent.
sulphate of porash. ';,0 to 80It poundss to
the acre, will produce good plants and
abundance of ine berries, and berries.
too. which will ship.
This amount shluiid ')oe well worked
into the ,nii; in'timately mixed to a
depjith ot four inches before t.he pants
are set and it willn mature the crop. if
nature proi-.ril-s uffi,-ient rains. The
troot of the strawberry go down. and

':I.. ... .. ............. .........L" .. .... "" '", I. l, I Ifarthle J[ l lth e soil is Ioose.
peahcrop to be found in our .ountrv. to thE left, and a. berry at the right$....-. __ thing.-more w-Wer..nee-
d WeViave the climate and the varietie.?, 'The four species of NQ y -ihdnudjing- -. : t 13ne flour., about t-.ell
0 and they are as good as the country at the black or sour gum. are noted for a Ac :-ni Be ,:. begin to bloom. Trfr if
k large can show. and all chat is ne-ded is plculiati v of wood. which is composed tv dollars is alli-
6 the proper cultivation, aand we are aunu- .f interwoven bundles of fibres. so that. so many well tried and valuable varie- A correspondent of the New Mexico cnost o set anacre of s'
s ally arriving at. the knowledge. N.: it cannot tooe split. This quality renders te. .W. A. M-.ORD. Stock Growerclaim tle following points i* thern tomaturitV
. otherState South ,r W-st ,euts as it vuable for some purpose. The FERNDALE NURSERY, of superiority tor Angora goats, as com- Li ie ldathit o
_Otit .ltlfot sometpurpv:lThe .A.UBURNDAL, PL k O laime wuuld witt heapo
e many varieties; of eai1 ly peach as we do. wood of the waimp species, e;pci:illy at RNLE, Polk o., pare with sheep: l woud we t hieand evo
e nor are they as fine, n.:. half as ius.. base, is extreelv light, and is v.ryvsuit. Sept. 5, 18. 1. Tey ve to an ag-eof from sixteen oul go ou at once. "Let
Sclious., and these varieties are al.,solutely aide for flots to nets, trays. wooden -- totwenty years, while sheep die, we be mix a tle slaked li it
s confined to Florida teritory, for they soles for s :,n., wooden liml.s and other A Caution to Grape Growes. ee, in from eigh to ttowelve years. commercial feiiizr and then
it can be produced nowhere else. \ ther- purpo-.es. The black gum extends intlo ,hey, F, ae ubjc aton odiseae, whileon aon sheep
- ever our peaches a nice-ly put up and Southern Florida. ut the thr.e other an common amon eep mmona s, fhestands over
are brought iu co'mperitiion with Geor- members of t e genus are hardly to be Some time ago you asked me if I had 3. They will run and keep in good iover
m ofthegenus d not made during the pant season some condition upon a much poorer range than H.
s observationson grape culture iu Florida sheep-in fact, upon ranges unfit for SA.:-F,-,r, Fla., Septembei: 7.
, 4 worthy of notice in your valuable paper. other stock.
e The season has been one of success with 4. They do not require half the care Seed of Opium Popp
y some varieties, of failure n ith others, and attention that must be given to Ediri'r Florida Fu-rae, and Pit-Gu-r
l My early ripencug Vinifera seedling has sheep. They are more easily herded, as I intend to send over to Emuo
realized the best price, 1- cents a they rcruain in one flock, never sepalat- pound of the genuine "white
tV pound;...Peikins, the lowest, 10 cents a ing into two or mole bunches. olium poppy. Perhaps Mr. S.-'A
pound. 5. Mohair is worth net in New Mexico would let me know how 'muc
L1u / ... But here is one experience, and grape from eight to forty cents per pouild. quires. Where I oncesaw it in
t ;': growers and would I.e grape growers 6. In case of death or slaughter, goat. they punctured the seed pods,
e ., ,b should give it. their attention. Buy your pelts ar,: worth from 75 cents to $1.i25 soon as the milky exudations w
r 'iZ'.'". "., *-i*st v, vines only- fiom perfectly reliable deal- each, while sheep pelts are worth onlr a little by the sun they were sc
, ers, at least as reliable as you c.an find. from ten to forty cents each. in little lumps. Many of the nath
Natnually in buying grape vines you se- 7. As the United States furnishes but it in this form for smoking.
s .'-lect, those k nls. in which you have the one-tenth of its own consumption of n. G. X
S,-. 4.e.da mr,st confidence of success. It is avely mohair, there is not such danger of JACKSO iLLE, Fla.,
Sdisatppointing revelation to you to find, fluctuation in prices, as there is in wool. September 9, 1887.
, --t :- .'. -, an after three years of waiting, working A. As a much greater percentage of
y W ;'. and all other expenses, to see your hopes does have twins and triplets than ewes, Wm is Obtali
r vanish like -smoke, when you find an en- the increase is from 25 to 35 per cent. HOW Ilm is Obtaii
r ^ r'-"( tirely different variety from the one or- greater than with sheep. EditornWorid it and I-.adit
Y ., deied three years ago rotting away to the 9. As the Angora subsists very largely In reply t!.%e inquiry of .M:
an tL" iast berry. by browsing on brush and bushes, they ;ttephensas to the method.of 'e
, I have just gone through such an ex- are not as destructive to the sange for opium from t6 .poppy planr,"
eSa, perieuce with about 1:50 )ines, and pre- cattle and horses as are sheep. state that it is-done by making
.sumeL I ar not the only one so favored. --- horizontal incisions oB the cap
or XT... % The most careful nursevyman cannot Forage in .Jackson County. liquid exudes and after hard
r prvet a mistake with a few vines now ,, a F scraped off. Full instructions'
b abd then, i.,t sending *out a lot of vines Accordin topromise Iiv m subject ca be found in the rep
e under false names looks very much like- Department of Agriculture for
Sfiaud. The time when Flor.da iu general think, in April. bt did not growU I also, I think. in the U. S. Dispz
a did it know the difference between a wthik, in Apicco but ofdid nthe grow nd CAS. A. Mc.
Ha urg and a Hartford is past, and we well at fu-st account of the ground LAJsTA NURSERIES
ti 0 a5 grabpe hdg vih ar JAC.KSONVIL.LE2 Fla, Sept. 9,1
noe .ujer desire any sortef,'r hard struggle With that pest I kept it as ,,.FlaSp..
e" In regard to Florida vines and North- clean as I could by hand pulling of the
I hv so f nt- d grass. The plants shlotup and suckered. A iPecu1i1a-. Qra.nge,
t ) ~eru p;own. I have so farnot noticed any Well, I had a gentle n to measure EditorFlorida Farinerand.U'
S mrkd difference, but am inclined to d eleman to measure it E Flida Fana
thil well grown Florida vines are to bi to-day, and it is twelve feet. high and be- We send you two specimens o
TaE OGECi'iE Lr. N,.,o cpcc .,tgonlo preferred. ginning to send out side shoots for orange hy mail.-'-Te tree-
I counsel everybody to plant ot thLe seed. and vigorcus.and-puts on'-twcc,,
Sgia peaches aud those from other States, found south of the 30th degree of lati- tl class, never (not even for a Some of the bunches I have cut twice crops annually.- Many'specimn
they command ouch higher prices. This tude.-A. a. c. y others but Norton's. Cvnthi- tor my cow. he ate it readily. I can- fruit are entirely sedle
was demonstrated the last season. ---d--- perhaps Herhemont. All others not tell yet whether the seed will ma- the depression or protuson'h
Unlike apples, the peach crop in States Some Points About Budding. otflit class, notably Lenoir and Black ure Nor ot, as nonearde yet formed.* i of te Navel or
north of us is not, a reliable one. hence Edacor Foidn Farm rat,d FP,.u-GOrow.-r: JuT are doing nothing else whatever touch them before, the en. If it fails
the prices of dried and canned peaches In reply to inquiry of A. E. M., in the buteating and o ipesn seed when so inApril I will CLEAR WATER
main high, anrd this will be markedly yFRUr-1iROWER of August ;-lth. I would diseaa to otherwise healthy vines try it earlier another season. Sept. 9,. 1887. .6-
s th winter on account of ort crops say that the methodi most commonly Tho4 who are plating y Thi fcr A colored neighbor of mine has a lot [Atree combining -4 ra
The chances of overdoing the peach crop practiced in propagating the pomegian- sold especially consider this warning. o hograss. e gave me the desirable qualities y
are but slight,since our early truit is the ate is by cutting like the grape vine.peakng from yown experience, privilege of cutting all I wanted for m v ment, and, basic i;
finest and earliest in the country, and But tey may be stand sometimes are. Finifer vines should be planted alto- privilemage of mycuttngall I wanted when fac stayed, we
our late peaches have practically no propagated by budding or grafting. This g er by themsele a full fee of it was cut and put in her word" for it,-ated
competition. A surplus can readily ne is only advisable when a person s a receiving numerous letters of in- to see her turn away from it with the fruit
utilized by canning and drying, at profit- rare variety and cannot spare enough ui, .i.f.ra seedi s for salel. but one motion towards eating it. I a ripe spbcimen--ht sa -
able prices, woo "I"Ito state thatIprefe ro giv the butone o t s e g it ".ai..
Sprce ot wood for cur.tings; in such cases they ...ine more frui ee oi. e think my cows must be peculiarly fascid- *1 0 "
Experience demonstra that peaches may budded on our common stocks. ne more fruting season, and if it ious in their taste. I never could induce .Rev. J. P. Des, o evyc
planted in an orange groie is no d-tri- -With. regard tobuds taken fiom seed- U nfo again as f ccessfuls them to eat the ca tail millet. I tried closed a contract'foythe.clet
ment, but an advantage-to, each. The ling.,trees not arrived at fruiting age, nd nr to rc mend it to starve them untlvery suffering would twenty-five adr of a t:
peach protects the orangein cold winds. the most direct reply would be that such ,. -.compel them to devour it, but to no pur- toa peachorcbhd. -
and the orange, in late frS-6e.-tLe pea, h. buds will be like the tree from which :i EH. VON LUnica'6. pose. Other cows seem to relish it, bub peach grower ba'
When a peach is placed betweenoranges they were taken (and this applies about .aETON, August 2, nine will not touch it. I mentioned t-his varieties.t.. '.
and then a peach opposite each orange equally to all varieties of fruit trees). -' .-. -* fact to a gentleman a few days ago, and citizens of-el'thbtci
and peach, making three times aS many We cannot say they will be fruitful, nor -- e corn ofPasco county i particu- be said neither bis horse nor cow would tention
peaches as oranges to the acre, we have e we assert that they will be unfruit- lj heavy. -,-.~.- eat it. ... '- -. -. cotton.x-Ba p

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ere died "
raped off
ires used .


r. S-.. A.
Mtaofing- -:
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ensatory. .. -
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Nothing comes amiss here. Once a week whole year, and begins
"Irchfh dan denY? I have a boy to walk the railroad for a seven years. Where it
w rz / n Is efew miles to pick up what bolts and nuts number of hogs may be
may have dropped out of the car. Not being very fond of th
THE "BOSS MAN" TALKS. long ago theyfent me a new fashioned cacao grain has been ex
plow, with only one handle; it all but The cacao is a tree of
ome^ 0 inal; i n ns ed by ran of itself, but we disdained using it. sending up five or six
Some Original Opinions Held by It is very handy, though, for whenever root. The wood is whi
Mr. McScooter. we need a bolt we take one out of it; we light. The roots, whi
BY H. E. LAGEEGREN. have got out twenty-four so far, and it rough, penetrate deeply:
BY H .' ER has that many more. I wish they would therefore the latter s
The other day I took the train for the send me a locomotive engine next." When growing, it thro'
mammoth grove of the Ultra Ecliptic "Wouldn't it be cheaper in the long clinked branches. The
Produce and Inter-Maratime Improve- run to keep better implements?" nate, oval and pointed.
ment and Navigation Company, to see "Not at all. When we had fancy tools nine inches long by thr
the place and possibly something new in I never could keep any hands longer The flowers bloom min
orange culture. than for a few days at a time. Now along the stalks and I
I found Mr. McScooter, the courteous you couldn't drive anyone away. You the flower is produced
and efficient superintendent, -at home. see, if less work is done in the day than seven inches long and ol
He was in the act of measuring the formerly, I don't blow up the men as I a o,-ru-c.l. similar to
height of an orange tree with a transit, used to do, knowing that they often have; comp.osed ..f ten section
If the result of his calculations should to stop for mending of their tools. Neither exterior resemble those
have appeared doubtful to him, he had can I be so particular about the ap- melon; the interior is it
by his side a boy with astep-ladder with pearance of the work. Didn't you see contain thirty grains, n
string to fall back upon. how they were after that fellow just cao, covered with a whi
To my inquiry of his opinion of clean now-he had wanted a new plow? I tell The beans are gather
culture for orange trees, he replied: you, they enter into my projects heartily, passed successfully fro:
"Well, yes, I believe in clean culture, And its beneficent results show them- yellow, and lastly to a d
and practice-ii, too, that is, what I call selves even in their private affairs. They They are opened wit]
clean culture. Now, if a man goes in for keep patching their old clothes to the grains are extracted w
orange trees only, he should let nothing bitter end, tie their shoes with wire, and pulp and thrown into
else grow, but our company is, as its do not shave, but let their old beards do orderto ferment. To-fa
.name implies, a produce growing con- them from one end of the year to the are watered, which canu
cern. Its programme was at first to other." lose their natural acidit
raise grain and hay until we got oranges, "Do you curtail expenses in any other While fermenting a sti
but grain and hay wouldn't grow to- direction, besides?" corrosive liquid is givw
geter, so tha t we gave up the for- sph, yes. Take for instance whale vent this from injurinE
mer and raise grass only, except some oil soap. I tried it on trees which had usually placed in small
rice to keep, our cows from getting insects. The smell was more than the clinked board. The liqu
"ilned.-r, oranges a grass thrive \ bugs could stand, but the grease part can be distilled into a r
ter" iloages aIgrass thrive to- made the branches so sticky that they be used for medicinal
g"Yua s f ousl n a couldn't walk away. So I allowed it poses if placed in water,
You can satisfy yourself upon that was a humbug and, as wehad half a ton recommend it or any ot:
point, eir, by examining the trees. Did of it, I set a man to leach the alkali out The cacao should be k
you ever see tougher looking trees? None of it, so that we can use the grease for tion five or six days, b

grond lea will d~overybu hweli yourd "The company be-be-before always so arranged that they arE
otf y our bright green color for me. The lud i'icating purposes. We paint woo d will obtain a good color
bark of my tree'is as hard as sheet iron, k with implements. That is at an are placed on driers, ex

aNdwthnh grass three fet hoig underean end tow and they have evenn without and air until perfer
de suc aistrbi~ ain, so worybe- ha my asking, offered tne a mowing ma7 over and over by paddle
anditras o th e i e creoso But I do not want it, for when ular caring." moment the dugraing this plor
around them they could st and the cold The it-certainly would among them to get wet either
of Boothia Felix. No sir! Keeping thstumps not to be sy satisfied win th yourIf wethich they will t are coveredan
I am ure?"taken to shallow tanks

ground clean will do versy well in your "Theal s- c possibly mend it a disagreeable taste, be

littn it voeacre g ro but aw oud ld iat home, and my idea of true economy spoiled, and lose in va
scrtatchitonregroresi.utihoodrdistrumbled over thinge expenshoulde it took at fectly dry aried turnoff. Wo
be Idone here without no end of worry homeep us with implements. That is at an are placed on driers, ex
Northern energy can't hold out here un- end now, and they have even, wI do theu and air until perfectly
der such a strain, so worry be- what my asking, offered ea mowing ma- twelve r and over by paddage,
Vanderbilt said about the public. If we ueoL machine. But I do not wI cannot it, for when shular care durt ing tis pr
can raise produce andv oranges too, sf m- it broke-as it a certainly would among them to get wet eitheroms
ply by letting thinv severely alone, why a llfr those? e alstumps not to be seen in the If a Generallyt, they will takree prodan
on earth shouldn't We do so? 'I have tall grass- we couldn't possibly me i nd it a disagree yeable taste, anbec
found it a1 does the crab grass good to at homean'yietri eonm spoi of dry cacao. I
ah ione on twi nrar land oofs with it. We cut wird be done with it. But a year and lasts twented o
so I do, montre seoas it does not seem to home. And as nature makct. Thes all things dire, they will produce ally bi
hurt the trees i of k ny." answever two or more purposto what wages, it had- to the fruit, large ants a
"Dof yu oferti .muc same, but what extra purpose a mowig twelve months storage,
"We now use cows uno vy.e caw machine could serve, I cannot figurp by keep- plants. Ofuld bthe put iver
l rstae a ing more e rees Iis too heavy for ands. While all parties are guinea fowls will soon
a cnonl gl' hen t O oon mte.y w sui ftoe? We also usguate it as era cutter on a Generally the tre e proc
ant aerkudtatin es Tam thi economy and civilization handle into iton and wimy to the hin four years, andtv
Sit i a scythe. We trimmed our mules' pounds of dry cacao. II
thoke timehrn- tWoundred acr-e m and hoofs with it. We cut wire with it But
all around the groveBin order not to de- to return to the subject. The company mieseare princalysts b

h i o w r a cows a evls yopay, soe that if these work goes a bttle feed on the fyoug lea
tprefe sowwe Sen oW-adnayeu sufrak it plants. Of the two .in
"Wf e nown usWecs exclusively. W imr ans.yWhile al partieseare guinea fowls will soon

fheirtr ha I mulesbutik one yn ted mchsto eat suitedcgrap g Is Y
Shgra ove.I T a, a d you ared inaugurate an h new erainpooliteal In the f elt Indies s the
eene eonomwity and civilization; as soon ascmy to the hieght rof abut tv
w'ha e v.-erk hec n s .they ol .l becomes genera lly known and JAOKSOI'r t ritLLE, Fla.i
-ui.th i:t hp -the mulome thwilat puteth, centt ises c esOr.'V e. w a appek s e oDR IN A
ori-rs .onthing toi that effect. buThen Tles.:agol." Tl. i hersd on o Fretn V
S n we got oen. ut they did nothing "Do you read agricult ur al papers?" As rwuit l
but eat rand then they Wtould lie "No, sir If I should listen to their vented ofromi
down. Now since we got cows every- nonsense my ideas of what agriculture

thing goes along swimingly. W e put should be would suffer death without In the ilast number, in
their balves in pens, one on each side of resu ion. I have found that o t-hose uses to which orange pl es
the grove. They bleat apll day lne and who write like angels upon that subject referred to thre fellowin t
whichever way the .cows go they step p like 'o Poll.' No my w as c ted by S
-quickin hope that the wil -get to the motto ine, is 'Excelsior.'" my Vick'swas conaribotecMagazine: it.

cai el. The milk tb. give is no small STARKE, Fla. Farmers dornot beginow

say! ixi me. tL D be -j|yutndn. TBY CHARL E w E .e PlantJshUld b epT.tfompa- so
:tern and thsebee cha-ts ,taine n f hor at res sources, or how to u
nlaight toute nil plo t ri grove. sickening to hear of fruit

S uus. own Iwthey are on the, sk list u The CACAO CULTURE. :t picking vin orchardregic
now the d say I lilaked b une in th the mou th p tto "ate" :orange grape, wtplum, pe
s ,e how olad she wa. i hen I discovered Where and How Chocolat r e cis make delicious syrup, cit
r ha.t- she hadl thes ampas. anl upon exanm- Produc'ed. sal"abhe arut. three trowfiet

iat *t anml the rei-t at had it.-- My men thhaaiobli te ate rait. Lhreare goiwer
s-y it is natu ie for ,:owe to, have their BY OHARLES E. POUJAUD. apples are worth $8 ab
gurs gr,:.wing o.ver their teeth, but I The,'uhiiv.tit.n ofthig lti)nt foror, ("ne cider vinegar. French v
know betrter arnd I have burned the of the I-rinecipal-sourc'.s ,of wealth in fine saladsis wot th tw,-rj
mouth nf eiery re of them to-dapy. A Venezuela, South America. Four kinds an- any rle'er' hoo s.e-l
i-"man who hay hrge of adpoiue tt' this are known thee, tut the p ltfereuce is 'oer jomethinr tile' our
size must know e-r thing anda-" given to that knwn by thei e t,,'e as grapes. A iold in we:,,p,,aed

n~.ursirt 'ialiies.fi' will lrrtl.A its.r-i
Hi i~hh- iusteret uconver-sarhon C"horm(acao.', ,,- ing to its am,',m pt'ess,.,ught to belong to

wI,,:u bad hol'tbytheagj -earlOMndea o an plan'ana ta-eee, an nbursing do uaot ese aildtwilt tDell itaretnut
man running for life. wit o three uther A warai clinfate i neci-s.saiv to its one. I say. cf seasoned
men aimed wth sticks inbese pitsuit. aroeth, td 'n F.Ictl.id. o the fort- galvanriz.e metal should
(G.ve it to himW Tb-at's the lick! line, its cultivation might b, carried on liolthef lavorl t ituit.
Well. well, well! TheJAmiuidet ras- to aivanitage, with littie labur. "Every 'ruit. ti known iw
cal!" exclaimed the complntenlent. The soil where planted shec.ld-bedeep Tinat fionr pears is of ati
"What has he..dr t.osni loam, should rather have ar excess of petry, but peat,' jJit,.e is
S suppose he ha! again made co.r humus and a good portioncf and f anwnd syp,up alor fruit honecy,
plaints about his plhw sard wanted a new 'lime,"and thret ore wti ked lands ought sugar. Plum cider is
,ne--ai thigat he can'"-t do any decent o r Woell fe rtilized. Vtrgin sol ia a grap e cide-r will yet be
plowinggo r with it-why, bless the newly cleared forest is considered the boerage, having theatre
plow is as good as an's except t ,a the est. and plantations thrive to greater iy of wine. without ,is

ingunil t asta armr e -a no tkl ,ree d It-aglog e eate ia y ofwnsupie. without it
moldbhoard is ggoa-'" ardantaie ohen made, near rivers and an- l tasting better than a
'It seems to me that'he. then, hasjust streams, inasmuch as the atmospheree in the hapeofdrinks.I

groundwthths e f rcomplaintes" of .....otindtruhth giutra B-o exi coe
grunds for complaints?"and earth aro to a greater extent sa- be a grape too mans in lt
"-Seen from yourstaiudpoiot, probably; rated with humidity. The plants re- if the juice, freshk draw
but not so trom mine. We used to have quire a moderat shade, and there tet teras, could be pila ed on s
the finest kind of implement s here and foest trees having f .rpendiclar roots Its delicus, put i'efres
I had t he purchasingagent to send us all and banana. ,trees. whih do not extend all tihat poets have su
sottsof gimcracks. But one time I rtad much, if planted i1 rows. would not only raved about the blood of
in'a papera piece headed 'The Tools shade, gut protect them from the north- for benefit to feeble. e
Great Men Work with. There was, for ern, northasterrn. and northwestern biliou s people, its efiece
instance, a renowned chemist who was winds, which w would be prejudicial. phosprhites, a trip to Ita
supposed to have a very complete lab.,r- Soils where the waters remain station- waters. In the Erie wi
torv, but this wac found to consist ot ary are not suited to the ca ao. other vilineard belti% w
.only'a pair of watch crystals and a shoe Tahe other qualities of cacao. known ripen, d allowed liver-cot
-4 buttoner, or something such. That set aid grown in South America are the from cities take board
-me to thinking. 'What ait orcredit is it Orituco. the Soconusco. arnd that of Cat'- drink the "mu t" of r
in ding good work with a tool that al- eas. South of Luaira an near Poro comes from the prss a
--rst.ru s itself? They keep on improe- Cabello, the quality of rs hich is much up foi thr,.intetrs dissip
mig untll at last a fam~aet' needs no sktll esteemed. Its large, long, red bean is .C'onsumpti'es, especib
-ot neither hand nor brain, and as a con- aromatic' oily, sc,fr, and free fi'om a bit- better than to try the grr
sequence a stout peasauti'y wil degener- ter..taste, and it birngs the highest price form, and the :"vincyar'
ate into a i'ace of helpless" grub worms, in the market. Se'ed could possibly be he as fashionable as the
-Away with these iron fettei's of the body obtained through the Agricultural'Bu- or Leno., in O~ctcober.
and soul! Letonly the eye of chiidhoodl reau at Washington. Something placaided
admirers painted plow. "Let us restore It sbouid be sown in nursery hirst, and GrapeJuice'" has been I,
=- '.agriculture 'to what it was in the middle by the early part of November, when in this season, but it was
.1'aes, when everys' tsbandman made h'is about ten dlays-it wil sprout, sometimes beginning to ferment, h
.- own-implement.-! My foreman wasonce only after' twenty days, On transplant- effects of wine with noi
-: : dcks weeper- on a Mlissrbsippi steam- Ing, the small plant should be removed qua~lftie*. It can be bo
,-.ooat~and used to help .the engineer plug from the nursery when about six inches bottled to keep like-sweet
p leaky place-s in the boilers, so what high, and with the earth adhering to easier to boil the juice to
}:hredodsnt knor about mending and tin- their roots. There should he a space be measure, adding one-qu
p- 'in-P"g-sn'.wt koig. I w as ed- tween them of twenty fee., and it would White sugar to each pint
r"~ated for a.civil cagineer, so that when- be well to leave avenues of, fourteen feet, it is dohie boiling. Thi -w
2-ver'.h'e gets-sluck I can set him right., and, as in the case of .the banana tree, any lengthy ot time, and I
_'-With-a monk~ey-tvrench, a-ccd chisel and rmelons. pumpkins, and peas'.co-uld Ic* diluted with cold wart
-11_nftite.'dhay- wii'e I .behie~e-we..could planted in the interval.- The best fresh, or hlave, three or"
... d.4i~ su~pens-ion brid;e..:,Old'.imple.- method of planting i~sin squa,',s. Upon much wateraddod, and si
.. ient;'. ...un-:,iigy by-ocerrfarmerc;-we the authiorit~y of Baron yon Hum.boldt to makegi'rape cider, Tb
gat.er ip and repairr. and we rather 'as: annd .othe' one-man-can tk aeo rn yhaigtei
'" onlsh-'neir formemsowner's soiie'tiitm. '1,t0)O tre' ~The' cacao tree beastetojrunithyrcs

..:. :.. .. ..-- .. .= ,. _". .-

s 'in from'two t
is giown a larg
fed, the animal
e bean after th
extracted. .
Medium height
Stalks from th
te, vitreous and
ich are red and
y into the soil
should be deep
ws out short, in
leaves are alter
The largest ar
ree, inches wide
Small cluster
branches. Front
a bean six to
f the thickness o
the okra. It i
ns, which on the
se of the musk
n sections which
more or less of ca
ite pulp.
red after having
m a green to a
ark brown color
[i a knife. The
'rapped in their
tins or tanks ii
,cilitate this they
ses the grains to
y and bitterness
wrong vinous and
en out. To pro
g the grain, it is
heaps on an in
or thus run off
um, which may
or bathing pur
, but I would not
her for drinking
'ept in fermenta
by which time it
T and lose its bit
ition ceases the
se the pulp by
. They are their
of running water
e prevented from
en washed they
posed to tbe sun
dry, and turned
is, taking partic
ocess not to allow
by rain or dew
ashy color, have
come more easily
lue. When per
ver with the pad
crackling sound
cao will'rot after
and when stored
y dry and venti
luces abundantly
gives about twc
t gives two crops
y years Its ene
rds that prey or
id snails, which
yes and tender
matter ducks and
clear the fields.
CacaQ tree grows
w.ent feet. '


ay be Pre-
speaking of the
may be put, we
g article, which
usan Power to
to realize their
se them. It is
it not worth the
ins where every
ar or apple will
ider or vinegar,
lines the price of
's find that their
irrel made into
vine vinegar for
:y cents a quart,
p'-r can make it,
f our wilj tL.uik
a fruit will an(i
, every o ic-ha,:l.
-ns. A w:.odeu
maple, fo-r n.:,
be allowed to
ill make- cider.
cient ri-nox n a.
worth inoe for
is it is rich Ln
very Lir(e ard
tLie American
ngtheniug qual-
alcoholic spirit,
anyihing known
Trere would not
he United States
n from tiheelus.
ale iu o'Lr cities.
ihment justifies
ig aud -writers
trhe grape, while
'onsurnptive or
ts outdo) h\ po-
ly, or Saratoga
ne regions and
lien the grapes
agested people
where they can
tew wje as it
ud re~i built
Ily, cannot do
ipe cure in this
i:l season" may
seaside in July,
as the "Farm
d in restaurants
poor stuff, just
ring the bad
ne of its good
lied down and
t cider, but it is
otie-foiurth its
arter pound of
of-syrup" before
'ill keep bottled
for use mas be
e, and drank
four times as
'and three days
e juice is easily
pea in a coveted
ift, and squeez-











ing through coarse linen. The linen
cheese-cloth is the best. ur a sleazy tow-
eling or clean hemp bag may be used.
The juice from these grapes, drawn by
a wood press, however; is finer than that
heated before pressing.
Apple and pear cider is pressed from
the ground pulp, in six-inch layers, be-
tween coarse cotton cloth, which gives
a clearer run than the old layers be-
tween straw. It'will keep sweet a week,
and may be sold at once for shipping as
new cider. But it wants to be rushed
from the grinding to the barrel, for
standing an hour or two in pomace does
not improve cider. It may stand in the
barrel over night, and the clearest pat
at the top be drawn off, which will tell
for enough more to be worth the trouble.
Early in November cider is put away for
winterkeeping. The best is filtered
through very fine white sand, free from
mineral traces, or through ground china.
Old white china finds its use in being
ground until it is like granulated sugar,
for filtering purposes. The sand has
water run through it until it comes clear;
a cloth is stretched above it in a tin box
with perforated false bottom. The cider
comes through beautifully clear, and
will keep through the winter. This
process is used when cider is made in
To clarify it by isinglass, put the bro-
ken bits to soak covered with water for
several days, adding water daily till all
is dissolved. One ounce of this will clear
a forty gallon cask of cider. Thin it with
water till there are two quarts of it, turn
into the barrel, and stir it hard to
thoroughly mix. As this settles it car-
ries with it all impurities. Fish sounds
may be used for the same purpose by
covering with cider vinegar twelve
hours to cut them, and working through
a fine sieve. An ounce of this to a bar-
rel may be used like isinglass. Less than
an ounce will sometimes clear a barrel,
and caution must be used. or the cider
will taste queerly. This leaves acider
that v ill stand the hot weather without.
A New York firm owning large peach
orchards pressed the juice from peaches
and senu it to grocers with great accept-
ance. It is a lovely amber liquid, clear
as topaz, with a perfume that would call
one-across the room to inhale it, and a
wholesomer drink I never expect to see.
It has been my tonic for weeks, and a
spring medicine. Jersey peach cider,
taken after a dose of taraxacum infu-
sion three limes a day before meals, is
better than any bitters known.
Sorghum syrup of inferior quality, di-
luted with water as for vinegar, and
kept open in a warm place two or three
days, makes a cider which o'ld hands
will take for a fine apple cider without
suspicion. In old Wisconsin, days be-
fore orchards came into bearing, my
mother made the discovery from her
vinegar kegs newly set. It was a clear,
delicate, sweet cider, and offering a vis-
itor a glass invest, presently the whole
neighborhood was calling to test the new
cider. A .ery sharp man would have
turned all the syrup into cider, and sold
as many barrels as he could haul within
twenty miles of home. The best mnar-
kets are often the nearest.
Don't spoil the grass with the pomace.
Butter the chopped hay with island see
how the cows will eat it, and how sleek
the horses' "coats will look after it. .,I've
heard of.a mini wn io packed his hay in
layers of-pomace.a,.Aj fed it all winter-
sheep, hogs and cattle eating it with

of grace be given you to continue the
good work." "
Rev. T. W. Moore. of Marion county;
writes: "I believe your paper will do a
good work in disseminating new ideas in
-regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
raising, etc."
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia island:
"Judging from what I have seen- of the
best agricultural paper published in the
South. I predict immuiene Seucces for it."
Prof. S. -N. Whitner, of the Agricul-
tural College of Florida, writes as fol-
lows; "I can say in all sincerity, it has
exceeded my most sanguine expectations.
Already it is without a peer in all the
Mr. Charles W. Stevens, of Orange
county, writes: "Your paper far ex-
ceeds the hopes of the most sanguine
in its good work. It fills a want
long felt in this part for a good ag-
ricultural paper. Success to you."
Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala-
bar, writes: '"I am delighted with the
ommend it to all on account of its com-
plete adaptation to the wants of this lat-
Mr. C. H. Goodrich, of Orange Park,
writes: "I must say that the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER is decidedly the best
publication of the kind in the State. I
take them all and can compare their
Prof. D, L. Phares, the eminent pro-
fessor of biology in the Agricultural Col-
lege of Mississippi, says in the Southern
Live Stock Journal: "His [the editor's]
valuable paper already appearing in the
first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
tion and prediction. They. may be fully
relied upon for conscientious correc-
ness of statement and scientific accur-
acy of detail."
Hon. J. Wmin. Ewan, writing from
Miami, Dade county,-says : "Certainly
you are, doing a good work in establish-
ing an enlightened and scientific system
of agriculture, which heretofocie has
been seriously neglected. Your paper is
inviting in appearance, pure in .e uti-
ment,. and progressive in principle, and
surely must succeed." -
Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distinguished
horticulturist and proprietor of the (er-
mantown nurseries, in a letter dated
March 5th, writes: !'I am very uruch
pleased with the FARMR UAND FRUIT-
GROWER, arid shall read it regularly,
which you know is a high compliment
for an editor to pay to an exchange."
Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
follows: "I look upon your paper as
one of the most valuable additions to
our agricultural interests. It is ably
edited, practical, directs attention to
matters of primary importance in the
development of our various industries,
and carries ith ita spirit of energ'v and
enlei pri-.e that must addrless itself to ev-
ertc cear.:bher after iuformatin.-
Mr. L. H. Armstrong, of St. Nichiolai,
Duval county, writes under date of
FiRIT OGROWER has far surpa-sod expec-
tations. It sheds light on many olisoure
pages in the book of Flt ida's'posibili-
ties in fruit, forage, live sto:,k an, d iu the
development of her vast stoi ot ,hidden
resources." .
Mr. W. 0. Plyley,-of Orange Heights,
writes, under date of July 2: "You can

SD not imagine the solid comfort I get from
HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED- the sensible advice given in the FARMER
AND FRUiT-GROWER in all matter, [er-
-f Exprssins training to ti1. farm, fion your abIle
A Few of Many Expressions ot corps of co-ntrir.ut.is and the I,'.,ical
Approval. views of the editor. The paper is a G ,od-
Mr.R.J.'Wright, of Tangerine, writes send to the'granger wbho is threadiug.
as follows : I'Your-paper has more than the i 1,yrintl.an wys 'fo Florida tarnrin,
held its own, and is getting better every a -, ru 'o n. "
week. There is a freshness about it that Mr. P. iC'. Mliun-hb. ct Waldo, writes:
makes every number an agreeable sur- "Tbe new paper is just what. ail enga-ed
prise." in tilling the soil sL,:tiiou,] have. We like
Mr. Ezra A. O,;borne, thie ownerr of the the style in which it is managed. Facts
immen-e cocorit rt groves on the 'outh- ad hnit bo:..m talk is what is- needed tor
e-rn coast, wiitid fr,.m his hcume in New the advancement of Floirla."
Jersey: "Tie FARMER aN D Fioir- Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmoutl,:
(3ROtWER is aheadM] of anyr ,:trer ,ap+ir I 1., writes. under date of April 9th: I"I
have seeiin sl.owingIus Nc.i heruir'tslthe think your paper the best griculrural
gi eat airicultu'al adr-ant:,ge of Fl,)r- iaper published in tie South."-
ida.", .
Mr. F. Co'. chrane, a bookseller and Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, ex-
stationer of Palatka. writer, under date presses himself asfollows: "The FARMER
of June 1: ''Your F-LORIDA. FAMER AND AND FRur-GR-(R:ER is the be.t tiing in
-FRUIT GROWER ii a pei fect access. It its way I hate seen. It. is just the paper
is fa' ahead of antihug of thie kind in needed, and if you keep it up to the pres-
the State, and every oue interested in eot standard of excellence must become
hoiticultuie or agriculture should not he popular with the people. I can't see
without it." wli-re you lirave-left any room for im-
r, 71 r. ht it."- nrovement."
C'apt. R. E. Rose. president of the St.
Cloud Agricultural and Improvement Mr. J. R. Campbell. of Paisley, writes
Co., writes from Kissimmee. under to us as follows: "Out of five papers I
date of June 10th., a? tollo'ws: "'The take, yours is the only one I read every
FARER continue- iti improve, antid, as I word of."
predi,:ted, is becoming the standard ag- Mr. John A. Germond. of Keuka,
cultural -l journal of tie South." writes. underr date of July 5, as follows:
Mr. G M. Whetstoi, of Mikesviile. "I c.'usider thie FARMER AND FRUIT-
Columbia county, writes un'.ler date of GROWER thie peer of any agricultural
August 30: "'Tlie FAR,.IR a&ND FRUIT- paper published in the South."
GROWER is the best journal of its kind in M rs
the South. It is doing a good wsrk Mrs. A. H. H., of W innemisset, Fla.,
t h e o u t h I t -3 oi n g a g o d wr k .r s a s fo llo w s : W e a t eo n e w c o r ne rs
toward advancing farming'industry in writes as follows: "We are new covers
Fiorda. and have much to learn, and your paper
Fird. is just what we hare wishIed for ever
Mr. F.S. St-'argue, of Federal Point. since we arrived here. 'Out' Cosy Cor-
expi eses his opinion as follows: "I have ner-" contains just what every woman in
takeri agricultaral and horticultural pa- Florida ought to read. words of encour-
pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro- agement and comfort to the homesick,
nounce the FLURLDA FARMER AND FRUIT- weary, struggling sisterhood. God
GROWER far superior to them all. You bless 'H. H.' May she live to write
need not entertain fears for its success. niany words of cheer. Her recipes, too.
Its merits will win its way. Please send are so well suited to Florida, As our
nme an extra copy to send to a friend in resources in the country ar', limited.
Michigan, who will probably wish to they fill a large want."
sub-cribe." .
Mr. IrvingKeck.orftheBowlingGreen' IMr. W. W. Dewburst, ofSt. Augustine,
Land and Improvement Company I wriresof the FARMER ANDFRUITGROwER
writes under date of May 2d: "We under date of July 13: "Its character is
think TUE FARMER AND FRLIT-GROWER greatly in advance of anything ever be-
the best to be had-for farmers in Flor- fore printed -In Florida of its class, and
ida. We always get new ideas from it." its aim is:so near what we have long
a E. r needed that I feel it a duty togive it aid.
Mr. E. Amsden. of Orn'ond-on-the- Thie farmers and others holding the in-
Halifax, wi ites as follows: "I am tak.. terests of tlieStateaboveprivatespecula.
ing ten papers on agricultural subjects, tion. must organize to control the Legis-
and if asked to surrender the FARMER nature aud they need a newspaper to
AND FRUIT-GROWER, I would tell them 'educate them and prepareto work out
to take the other nine, but_ leave' me the subjects for legislatfn and secure
that. May peace and plenty'and -years unitv of action." .
*- ,

T :E-










Tn' 6uip l u rIu l id'T l i for ita6ic ]cading,"tect
the. proa 'r.ti.a rf rf 1-.l D.iuinr-6einH Florida, and
wIvu 6r."'i'ciAt, *:L-i'.ei'i.,lv a mtre 'ivTcr'uftI and
sat>u-re n -im r y:.f actrim iltures a d re ter
economy of home resources.
-\-:um rgo:naii-ijt 1.w: a,'r~irirrai a~iaptano:niior
'a ]lige !",r'io f' FiOi'ua are as yet but imper-
reilltV undeiit:,,s..j a Pei..ftl ,jm f' thlj, isurnal
wIj i6e to ':iti t.he it,: t bh l t reoutis whichl hare
beei -.ecomsl_,beir. witn t[he exact nme-tbcds em-'
p.,y, ari, an U i Dflucrers i'a-i'teirg such rt6L.nita;
i, .. l. iig t i'x-vlerl-uL, enti. describe newoTr little
knDuO'W CiC.l,.Te, Lru116, i'e, ri.eord, teprogrE-e8
cf agFri:Liltu.re ir te, hl-.:.rrIg itatI s.
C. :str ir i ,. -i ti', th, ist'- li'Lfflhe-r nial ':rOn-
i rluLing ti i',,i'b theb ,cpa.-oa fi r

ITree Planting.

There mi.lI i., s,erie _:,f arties o Irn iirs-orher
iar [.-i,' : ,f ic. ,rrus giritp-wilic'i have
prori nii.t [M 6i.[:,i.J tr tid, te. Ea,:h Va-'
rI'1, i- Ij 11.1[,:. ,j ,.; tr.. a tii n

An. r ere iir ll i.e n:,[, i i"'.m I lirE,:,n i wi.:. o ave
l':.1 > ,tsi',.? (.,: i 'iuLI7t i othn. T'rL wTr ll be
liL:.)U-:' t,:d;" y aill J &ri 6 urit.,on

Forage Plants,
ADn.I ,: .'iir1iii.ie t b w ed re illi1rratidlt, a jLiinied
h.iiIi tmiii[[ i,)n will be devorea to

Live Stock

A nm i the tiI(te pro'Juctio.,n of forage and fertlih-
zc- 1 1, [% 0 c,.;on,:aIv6-%v w eLi e firee,;entIal to sue-

(css."i'ru rsrlaing.
A dt aln..:.iir o! ,pace will be devoted to
hohisehold economy find to reports of the imar-
kets, ,n,1 ihhe department or

Truck-Gardening, ..
Practice, etc,
wit be conrrtrbited tI byt persons who have made
6peealtires of tbose branches.
.All Iorn',ns of the State wiu receive a due
amount of attention, an l their riterest wiU be
representeiu by able correspondents.
Under ino circumstances will thisJoarnal be-
come tbe "organ" of any aociatioaor loealUry.
It will start out unnrramoled and'wll repre-
sent iall seciOn4 and interest, with absolute im-

Published at Jacksonville on Weanesday
of each week.

One Year ....:._;...:.2 00
Six Months 0...................... 00
rhree Months "
'SP.ECIMN coprits ffnRi."- E

Address subscrpthons ald-Qth.ter'buaiDeas corn- -c".
manicationsa to ii 'efc i "

C.-H. JON .
.- 1-,S
Commnicatiorrs for the .edltorialdje-anmenzn ;:.'
should be addressed to ; .-T:. -'- '"'- ..

SA. H'.- CUA TSS ..., .-
I -y iaoksonv" e Fla:


: ++ v


i phosphorus with hydrogen and oxygen, light sandy l.-im, with a considerabLle The South's Immense Corn Crop (i-TU iDE
Wht^ J~fUVIts presence in the soil Is absolutely admixture of decaying vegetable matter, The Manufacturers Record publishes
UJSrin. necessary for the maturity of plants. It is the best adapted to this branch of ag- Te Mag f special reports from -Tells how to
_- ~ is contained in all good soils, but often riculture. If the soil be deficient in the the entire Suth as t the cops andTells how to-
CHEMISTRY OF THE SOIL in'too small a quantity for the crop, and ]atter, it may be most readily, most edition of business. The corn crop of the
in this case it must be added to the soil, cheaply, and most expeditiously sup- South is unprecedentlv larh o exceeding ior.in. co, n
Facts to Be Considered in tho before we try to raise a crop that de- plied by green manuring. u the yield of 1886 byove.r.'I.i..iii.xiu.ii bush- din.gii,,: _.,i .;r....' ,:. i.r
of Mne Bmands much phosphoric acid. Before A light rain of half an inch is equiva- els, the yield of 1885 by 75,000,000-bush--
Application of Manures. applying any kind of phosphate to the lenttoafallof14,000 gallons, or56tonsto els, and the yield of 1884 by 107,000,000
BY PERCIVAL BREWER. soil, or in fact any fertilizer, unless it the acre. Each pound of manuring of bushels. The South will this year, it is ,-
The farmer and fruit grower can al- contains lime in abundance, be sure that 16 tons of stable manure would be sup- said, be nearly self-supporting in the urseries f t
ways muh ait the soil contains sufficient lime, as it ex- plied with half a gallon of dissolving matter of corn, and many millions of
great pecuary benefits from a thorough erts quite an influence in "fixing" the water, and in case of the application of 1 dollars that have heretofore gone West w D.I:-
knowledge of the chemical composition important constituents of other fer- ton of commercial fertilizer each pound for corn will this season be saved to ,i i-- ,'i .r:,
culltivaefs. Chemical ctilizers. would be furnished with 8 gallons of Southern farmers. While recent unfa- vshrii. N r.e1. A M .
of the soil he cultivates. The chemical I 1 far rs W r Aunfa- itL' N MallS-
analysis of a soil gives information that Potash must be contained in an avail- water. On a soil readily permeable to vorable weather has damaged to some etc. iinLe.,,.:,n- ,.- J i-,: V,
will be of use for niany. years. It per- able form in all soils. Sandy soils are water the manure would be quickly dis- ext ent the cotton prospects, which a LE C; U-,, B I-
mis the manuring question to be placed most generally deficient in this most im- solved, as it passes through in an aggre- h g'' promised- such an enormous '
on a sure and reliable basis, and will portantalkali. When we find it deficient gated form, thus bringing their food in yield the crop will be a large one.
save much expenditure that is too often we must use good potash fertilizers, an available form, more quickly to the Advanced prices for tobacco will, it is
-made by the purchase of needless fer- Hard wood ashes contain considerable roots of vegetation. In consequence of claimed, counter balance to the farmers Use l
tilizers potash, and soft wood ashes are better its greater porosity, the air is more read- the decrease in yield, due mainly'to d
If we know just what our soil con- than none. They are very light, but ily admitted when sand is a constituent ceased acreage.
tains we know then whether or not it weight for weight they contain almost of a soil ii considerable predominance, Other crops have with few exceptions'
contains the proper soil constituents in as much fertilizing material as those thus facilitating decomposition, solubil- very good, and it is said that the
sufficient quantities to satisfy the de- from hard woods. It is impossible to ily, and hence availability. In such a farmers will enjoy greater prosperity bDTT A
mands of the crop we desire to raise raise a paving crop of anything unless soil manure acts more quickly and more an for many seasons Business prospr- ity. AJ
mands f thecrop e desie to aise.than for many seasons. Business pros-PR D C Al
Some plants must have an abundant there be sufficient available potash in effectively; hence such a one is capable pel are reported brighter than ever be-
supply of potash; others are not s6 par- the soil. of producing a satisfactory crop, with fore, and one correspondent predicts
ticular about the potash but require Soda is of little importance in agricul- less manure than a heavy clay, notwith that this will be noted as a debt-paying -EAT R; TL
plenty of nitrogen, while thers are par- ture, and always occurs in the soil in standing the latter is naturally richer in
tial to phosphoric acid, and then again sufficient quantity. It is generally in all the elements of plant-food. year.
others do not ce much about nitro- theformof chloride or commonsal and Leaks About the Farm.
gen and phosphoric acid but demand anif it be too abundant is very injurious to THE CORN WEEVIL. Th manure pile is exposed to the sumFRESH
abundance of lime and potash, and so on. vegetation. THE CORN WEEVIL, Tlimanure pile is exposed to the sum-
Each plant has what is called a predon- Magnesia,is present in all soils. mer and winter rains, and a great part
inEach plant haconstituent. Sulphur occurs as sulphates or sul- Some Methods of Preventing of its valuable constituents are lost. In any quantity desired
inant constituent. hra t npfain If we find our soil is deficient in one phides. .its Depredations. The barn has a poor roof, and the
or more of its important constituents, we Chlorine in chlorides is contained in An inquiry on the above subject made crops are injured after being housed.
can form a pretty accurate conclusion as all soils in abundance. through the Southern Live Stock Jour- The barn is full of holes so that the
to the character and quantity of the fer- Nitrogen is often deficient in sandy nal has elicited the following responses: stock is in an uncomfortable stat deal but doCa
to Fsoils. catl eaty a great dealtan butt don a lcie holwigrsoss
tilizer ,to be applied to produce a maxi- soils. It plays a very important part in A Mississippi correspondent writes: not fatten, while milking cows yield
mum crop. Although the chemical analy- regulating the agricultural capabilities After trying numerous remedies for not fatten, while milking cows yieldD A
sis of a soil can not tell us everything, of a soil, an.I if not present in sufficient weevis s uchras s aloigit to only half what they should. FL I DA
et with i we can geneialy form avery quantity, must be supplied. This can weevils, such as salting, allowing it to Stacking crops which should be shel-,,e
-wm it we can generally form a very quantity mdoustbe rain onsit in thecanb, etc., I find that the tered in the barn.
acu raise -.,pin on of its agricultural capa- easily e doneby green manuring. most successful way of keeping them out ii P
abilities. Ibae found it so in my own Allsoils posis to gather your corn as early as it will Holding crops for better pricesfors Bi O.-L a,..e-,io
experience. ity, but differing the degreeof their ac- k Gather March corn in getting the loss of interest and the losses Florida and the Gul
exerSois contain organic and inorganic tivity, it depending upon the physical y ga a or from shrinkage, mice, insects, etc. : of 1887-89.
cSoils ontain organic and inorganic tvty t the soils well as i upont September. Four years ago I was forced Farming sog ss to get only half a crop,
eortitUets. The organic constituents chrate o^h to gather some corn On account of w a Whole crop should have been
are derived from the decomposition of chemicalconstituents. Chemical changes sock breaking in on it. I put it in a whe re a whole crop should and labor on the been
animal and vegetable matter of many are taking place all the time. The changes crib to itself and would not put my next pruced. Interest andmuch abor on the
generations. The organic portion .of the are more active after the application of gathering with it for fear of its spoiling, halop cost just as much as on a
soil furnishes nitrogen and some car- manures or fertilizers.- There is then a corn was kept over two years, hairedd helpo.
bonic acid to plants. It also very much considerable chemical work to be done and O examining it was surprised to heap hirede than THE LAKE]
rOvesa the ptexture of thesoi.Teb th e sil mus be b, find on examining it was surprised to Are,,mror ~hnen wl
improves the texture of thesoil. The bythesoil;the potash muatbe"fixed *y find it so nice and clear of weevils. Farming more acres than can be well
inorganic or mineral constituents are the double silicates, the phosphoric acid My other crib on the other side of the attended the stock in a running A
derived from the weathering of rocks, by lime and iron, the nitrogen must b. lot was, as usual, damaged badly. This atream ths losing a. lae amount o
etc., which process has been going on absorbed and retained, was gathered one month later. Since thi droppings.
.since -the beginning of time, and will I We need have little fear of our soil th at he ne mnth a nee thirdroppings.
since ';;us Delnnm o[ lmeauu w .that time I have not had as many wee- wc n rrnr rw l'
terminate only with the end of time. leaking either potash or phosphoric acid v m e ta e From wide fence corners grown. u. .d.ir-.. -n
e'm hter o wit the end of time. .r P-1 < a lvils m my crib as I had before in one .with weeds
The. o.rgaic matter varies greatly in to any appreciable extent., When we year. See that your crib is cleaned out Fnom beng too busy to think before sizeioo
different tilesoils it apply a soluble potash salt or a soluble boord T tore 40vIn.
occurs' in small unie..I.pate ta soil, the.greater -part of good before putting in the new corn; acting.
only,im gather in dry weather and as early as it GROVE eomis bnt,
.occurs only in small uatiie.. In pspna ie y 1 s" .s :acin g.
sandy soils and in poor clay.v tis en inemn .is immediately "fixed" eatsoi wllg keepand I will asbur you that the .All money dropped into the till of te ,- r- ni Pri,
IC" ....g..n-. will keep, andmInwilluaosure yo that the I trner.saI ..r~
erally very d.icient. Inleaf mold and in a almost insoluble condition, and is weevils will not hui t your village tavern. Ba.k ',",'r .,l.-)En ..
in good muck it is very abundant. It is gradually absorbed by the roots of the e n laboe e editor All money pentfor tobacco. cne.i. ir,-
in good u k it" e y u a t" Commenting on the ah ie editor +tnz31P~~a~nsfh
Sowing to the largeproportion of organic .plants Rememberthate sil hs says: [le ru ig gathered early it is p total loss of th contents of theO
matter contained in muck that its appli- .l .InAg" power 1for nita.t au i ju probably not quite dry, aid there be-ing priv vauIt., a., is con ron on m ost faworm
cation to sandy Soil iS so beneficial,.a6 i use ,i tate o f ,.daor anyothern 1 or les muiture present, a heal Not hiring enough to keep the work
caio t I .. mor or aes-3 nyitur p t a heat L unie loigte ulig og ihu
promote the gri-owth f frut, treem- pply it nd at the generated that destroys the eggs. This ahead.
4e a nd, famC generally.,gnrtdtadetostegs.Ti Allowing the buildings to go, without
~ugetables ad arm crop generally when the crop is n most need would be our theory. paint.-or Farmand Home.
S Mu,.k is very hygroscopic and] greatly ot t Another Mississippian writes : Scatter- pn-or. arm an .
improves the powe-r of sandy soils to ab- ing salt on corn as it is housed, in shuck,
s,,-rb and retain moisture. It also pos- Facts for Truck Farmers. will keep out weevils-say half a bushel or
-.cr inDi a high degree(he'er fabaoniThe f llowinr is from the treatise n of salt to 100 bushels of corn. Also, G V ines
obIn the & psitin of vge Truck Farming;at Ch Tho i the thi,: ha inal:,erries,. if they are to be had--if rap
d pui ocontributed to lhe Report of the- Depart- not, a plenty -of leaves; they will cure
S matter we havesa sourcee of carbonic acid, r and make good hay.
which being dissolved by the water of mentofAgri. eu urt o Ct 85, by 7,n. Again, aluni, un.paringly in stops, SU.E, Ito h LE S1511 and Cliniateof Th e elegant iren,.. i- f nt
ecor ,,s y I've FROM .- .. .. :Floridai S
the _+il. greatly increase-- and accelerates oi er. tf S .-nnach i con- milk '-r a is the bst ri-nedy I Flrd ,FoE JCEOI LK
its poiaer of dissilving those almost i No truck firmer i ,illachieve anv ever krown fr hog chOl"'ra1. -ry it. .ROll FENNDIN.
foruthe mabinteances~~c arc- necessary siderabii ie6ucens unlvs l ava.ls him- I Florida,,-~p~dr..i
soluble substances- c p n n self of all the means in-his power to pro- -;v planter says: I settled in Hinds a -er" aIe app,:,n ei,
nduce crops of the highe.st attainable cotinv in January,'lS31, and ere long I .Grown and for Srlt. at.t1.. w Ik--.av' cr,,i-;
h aro p s bu ild t w o~ o i n I c -u s e s i x d. ,ol[ f ] / 1 -! t [ ~ ~!. l h L i "F i, E ,, b-- a d .-i P :,- a
Te [Ie inorganic or mineri constituents s quality as well as satifactor y quantity. 133.1 td build t o RIil An ,,A, 2 1 andr. l F--bt-ii-I. -in,.
iof the silare those substances which He must n-t, only have-a good soil and fet high. framed and b.:atided up SA L[I AN ANDALUSiA FLORB.DA LINE, Pi,:r 2.E
are contained in the ashes of plant.s. and render it highly fertile, but he will have clote with N inch wide 1 inch thick REREJ. A. STEAD, A'"t, F.
includethe followingelements: ilicuni. t,, put t in a conditi..n ot agricultural plank., coveted with cypressshingkgs NRSER E. iFeinan, ', FM,
Me los-"cfrom tim Ili.vi eas Vo l'r.-o Near TALLABASSEF, FlaRTHEO,. I. EGER., rr ,: M
aluminum. cah:iun n ilmri, pota-;urn. excell-ene by perte.'tdrainage. judiciou-s M om the w i a lar Ner TALLAHASSE, Fla, 3.Br.:.v, N. Y.
sodium, magnesium, chlorine, sulphur, ploiwing, harrowing, and stirlmig with and I had so muuh stock to provide for, 3 ria N. Y.
iron, phosphorus and sometimes man- smaller implemnts of tillage during I begau to try to get. rid of lie pests- E. DUBOIS, Manager.
ganese. These elmeuts occur itn vanri- cultivation. so as to render it mello'w alt, I -'hinalerry bran,:' hles. as'afras. At
ous proporlions in different soils The and aerated,. in order that as large a last IP rLiOel ofte ap dh ofl y- Seai r -- Ler -ry.t edaln,
most active constituents. potash, lime percentage. nt only of whatever plant- hood. ith the nice, cleanly, good Scotchor Pri L,.'
and phosphopic acid, occur in verS small food in te form of fertilizers he intrusts lr, an hw o prudent farmers
Snantitits. Ci) to. Iut also what is aleadv sto,:ied in did. I cir,,oluded to dampen cn' s Florida W lines.
Silica is miist altindlant in sandy soils. i y nhaled in--a slprlng within twenty feet
it. may becomet available ,dtn'ingte e-
thel^^S^ ^4' ,^ ^ the en-^ ^ ---- --EE*^
Lthese soils often containing from 70 Co 5 tire growt{ Of hs I:r',ips. He may eom- of both corn homes, a tub and a stout BERRHUD.& ONION SEED.
per cent. of silica. All- soils contain nt to his land an abundance of all the man used all the day to do nothing else
..encugh to supply plant life. The double elements of plant-food, but unless well ie was overseer. t ,7a011, o. ,n N.w or, at., dl.r,:,-; r e ;u
silicate, play a most importa nt part Iu p,,epared by d ran g n t ei pe Und eristand. from l1 ..?,i ) t ilte fall Of t" Xy";-ok'?'S,l.7 :,t'tLir fre;h !ot- .:_.h,,Btr,-,itd.-i\.reyno Or, LDnC'-'I of, .
fiXing Potash in tile soil. nients O~f Lillage, as far as practi-al re- Vicksburg, April, '63, cotton reigned weiil tmou'-n to r ,ho net6 of Fl;:.,ih, hla,
Alumina is thecharacteristic constitu- suts are concerned, it will be erile king: crnse m broke in. except iwhen been ie. v r-wn a tE. ti
ent of clayvs, pure clay being a silicate o! to pr,-duce rem unerative crp+, because 1..,: we hatto gatheriu tee thrilton. m w; ",l: J. H OwARD Thn %17ER. V
aluminum. But it s-oliom occurs pure. it holds too maucli in an insoluble. una- damp, heats i the house iiteiet J. HOWARD TUCILER.
generally containing in abundan-e pot- %ailable co-,ndition to promote crop kill the weevil. The weevil is in the egg S! d, FIa.
ash, lIme, iron and other -iniporrantplant gr.nthb. It is principally the surface in tlhe crn when in the field. I have seen poPY SEED.
constituents. If pure. clay would hardly ,il Ihat ;upplies v:geables v.i, l,-id, lh weevil in corn before gathered. P SE
sustain vegetation. Clays usually c-on- and the farmer ehould.i remember ihat Auother planter wi ites as followb: My 0
This i the ne grat iesiin hatmceysod-l lietamsheteaca pnenormcslyoiyightr cinl. Min isPpUnkedupLinidREt
tain more potash than any other soils. with every inch he adds to. his e-nriched mtrthod is to have a p-a-fecdly Light and piu CLRE.
This is the one great ,esu:n that delays F,:,i he anus pe. acre an enormous budyC .
are geneially so fertile. But cl-.Ays arc i i ul; ic inches6i, with its ,c-.untent jli. the cornn. nd. weatlher-l,,,arded uP I ni..:.rrei bi dr:t,-:.a oi Dr. W. W. W" 'n-
often deficient in uganic matter. aun-,l If ot miii.eral iugrdients, increasing it outei-e. and ,a only one openingg i o it, nt A Fire0l U -i y '2 :0 rer po,,j, 2.
we supply thi-, vegetable matter, either capacity of gathering, retaining, and and ithlat always kept closed ex,-ept when ':, e n ,lle 1, R0 Os. RE REiOLDS. .
by green manuring, the application of reuderig up plant-o.:id. beside en- I am getting ern out. I gather corn as U E,,Ot Bay rreet. J,. .PEvil, Fla.
muck, or in- the. form ot Soume good _.(,ura:.ing a deeper p-ontati.-n ,:f the earl as p-isa.ilew prefer Fcaiiering in
nitrogenous mature, and have g,,,:d loots 'to find and abt-sorb moistiur. September if can,. wen I Aut ePL CPI 0
drainage. wecan be confident uf produc- during dio'th. Ouly louse, friable co'n in the crib, a' 5 to lO1,i arrels. I ON AMPL .
inga goodcrnpof almost anythinceSted absorbs the mo-isture of d1-ews. es- s1,rinkle it orer with pork brine, which D utr
to the climate. 'lays c-ntaiu fr,-:,m I to Weialls below the sum facee and am- I save for that puLr' pose. then anotlh.r B&fr,:r vrN d1-e,.-- iere tE-) g-) ,
10 per cent. of alumina it iq simply a monia. earbonic- and nitri,: acids frim layer of corn aud then another Eprink- FLClbliAi,:erd l.,raeample co.Y oCf
mechanical constituent, andis nct neces- the atmosphere to any extent Tillage lit.an.] o. on until t1e cril, is full. THE ORANGE GROVE. 0 3 2
sa'y to plant growth. The 4e1 1, don't know that the biine has any YT,-tit il ndbrtter and chb.&aler bargaLns in Q
sar toplat rowh. hegreator tile may. thecrefeme. l.,e considered -, ai4'iAlebt
peicentage.-of it in the soil, the imore mei,.ning, t.aeu h a s thmuch as it renders tit e Matair ,o" ian grin es, arm, ranches of 0
ena usadadsieisand the roe sob el corn moist. makes it mrore compact, an-i an',aZ. BId^ilglot-,on rairoa, river :r ea- Z '
tenacious andadh~ive it s.andthiiem ^soil not only fi to abi elments of
resi.tanie it, offers to the mplemients of fertility. from the atmosphere. but also makes the shucks more palatable to the a e 'ldP hepi-m.\pru:etrorf Tbo,.,range iU el
cultivation. brings into avalailaty tlhr,.e aieadv e- stock. If one has plenty of lhuse, room, aound; eris er, to tayand'-rr is millions i C F
Lime is a most important constitueut listing in it. The caacter f the so by all eans pull orn with all the shuk in ,t. breede Mlliions.:-f Acres his B
of the soil, an.d usually occurs aM car- will uaturally affect the advisabilityl on it. don't sip shuck. ln using corn Addre.s, T:EORVE. LIVERPOOL. FLA.
bonate. Itspresence in the soil is essen- extent o deep plowing. Too much of a from the crib be careful to take it out -
verailil atd eler brea k bu lk if po:-Wsigona3 ]nl m ra itl
tialtio healthy plant growth. Lime hard, tei-aciou, clay- should not be vertically and never break lbulk ad piesi- DeOuhie Wd~hlD 1OO DOhIl lnilDeriiaiaElS N a. os .j
gratly facilitates the aisorlbilg and re- tiu ned up to deteriorate the physical ble. I have alwasntice- thatcc-rndis. om ,
taminpowem ot the soil for phosphoric quality-of the surface, and thus endan- turned, cr put trom one crib to another,- MAITLAID.IIURSERIES. i n i -
acid, which isa most important property, ger its fitness as a -good seed bed. A soil is, worNe weevil eaten than when it is oet wte N you wish to be in lime.. -:
It alno accelerates-the decomposition of iS heavy; in the language "of the farmer alone. My theory is that the weevl.i i --s
\egetablematter.. If a soil b deficient when itoffersconsiderableresistauce Ci deposited inthe coin in the tfeld, and Weof^fer f-r Fll|a, d5nterDeh|.jervaeh-:. '
inzlime, The smallquantity p-esent is their mplements of tillage in consequence only needs Lavorable circurut.ances to Ais,. the VILLA FRANOA,.bestsami hbardme,, o S
found to be incombination wmth the or- of ils consistern'y or tenacitv, and not on become developed, and the one thing LEam:as. Also. Earlr SpaDusb, Jaffa, Majorca;, s
ganic dcids of-the moil,-and most of it at account of its weight or specific gravity. or favorable t,o alaydeveiopientna-h O ra ne 'ea al v rs- of.Or'fr 3,. ^m'
.or'near thestitLtace.. Some crops are Thus clay is "heavy," although it weighs anything else ls light. You willalways Le s o- Florida orange -roweri the, -.a
very prone *to. disease. wlien grown 00 twer.--Ixpounds lss than sand to the notice thatan ear of corn that. is shlmcked DrOUt L IMPEReA NAVEL, o roe -e'
soils deicient in lime-.' Farners,'be sure cubic-foot, while sand is the light soil of or partially shucked, or thason topof the DOUBLE IMPERIAL NAVEL, 'V',
your soil contains sufficienf 'lime. -One time farm. Humus, however, is light in pile is the first, to be destroyed by the MHot Prollfic Navel knowu.-an-i the -. 0 5 0
per cent: is enough. If'it contains less both resp'cts.-. The' weight of sand, weevils. The.above, ir. Editor, is my ATWOOD'S SEEDLESS NAVEL,- ;--
-; than that it musr be supplied, "clay, and hhmusn, in.a naturally moist plan, that I have preservedfor years, and -- g -l
Iron occur'sgenerally in the form of condition, is, respectively,'-141, .115: and most always-have to have ol- cord out K EDNEY & .CAREY. | =" ; i S g |
ferric oxide- sometimes as sulphide. It 81 pounds per-cubic oot. -. t-o put new corn in. I buy no meal, but, : Winier Park, Orange Cotimt, Fla. g g
t oisfoubdin all soilsia sufficient quantity .-The relations of-these-lhree constitu- furnish my hands_ .meal ,'om my 1 .... .. -..-,. _-- |
-'_ ; t.fo6satfcB the demands of vegetation. enrs of every fertile soil to -heat -and and my corn isassinUndeto-day as it was ,, 1,. .. -i: = ..
-... =.; =I.on-'. usua~ll-grves..the.color'To a so,,, moisturee are ot the highest importance when"it w- 5 p "t in"o the crib 0 THEMA 'BD .PEAH O T HE I'I^.A
:n- : unleasit-be- blackL trom theapesence ot to. agriculture-- -*. A, soil con- .- -. I
S-h'.humus.. 0Itasac -ii... Q -.both ..ph-ysical and sisting principallyt of sand will necessar- .Intelligeut ..and thoughtful men. realize t'iu ,-a-e"d a.-t-Tper hundred, .8 per thqnsand, _
chenucal s"Jt a]sopla's-anZ important th-ybe ,conducive to rapid-growth, and, thatragticulture has always been an ex f-ive ..n. datoneb-,o.sandrr-tes .'' ''.-,a. -'- --
hp ji fixingg ~pbosphoracacid in- tb- earlinesai'hbeirigidindispensable to success; perinmental branch.ot. national -induattry ni ..n; 'i -' i IIl'MIt""l!l
-- ,-soil ani phosphate itc01 i it fot6lws:that a soil--of such consistency and that, there wiU,ll during all_,tuture ..r. -es.... -. s -, .-.
-:".,.-being fo '-.--r-me' d .-" would beuipcrthis reason-preferred by time, be' associated with it important .-C..-_-- .. Mf..l.B, -. *.. ". "
'+ ho;. horzcpac a.comod tnof-the.truck-farmer f point o~f-fact a problems worthy-of-npestigation.'" '-.-.:._';:" -" : "W*-.ai.uo, Fta -:" ....-!.'-: I
. -.., .-. 4- ..'' :_:g:foi::.'a ,. ,i : -
:.+t', -: .-.. -.--. ar r_ ,."a..--" ,
'-' ,.,-==..-_-_=-=: ":_:% .:."

grow and prepare te the Fp, n-. i -i.e; ,,r r j g-
1,-rc; -l" rb.i c. fi, I c, 1 r. :.p;.. i .1 Nc w FVUL.
* 0 i n> ,~' ,,***u i lr ". A ,, .l.lr: +. v. nil-, I'1 .1 11"
> nile-r, D i.(L Cuuntr, Fla.

;he Milwaukee-Florida Orange Go.
ii. D .A i:t .r.,-.i ,r,,-i .f Citrus Nurserl T .- 1 -i; ,.- bl:
.Iri.: *l l 6. l... .'l .1 .i:.-.'.ber of our C-o.-i C. 1 ,, 1- W'.
SBi.:..., i '': D r I-.JRl. P Roi, Jaffa, St 4.'k': -.:,n.-.., r L, ii e
i~lJli l'rTih:il, LBtlair Pl'iriliih'ei, *rI~l7. C',:u)T :.i..ld F-ni.!. -li i _\ii r'iii[
r 'L i ., Plu I:, W hl[C A- A.lrtL50 W Fl .--L. ,: .
, *. : 'r.- [-., i vi, i ,u el. 3,'a C 'ataleloam I'roe r iu a pi licai liOn.
AI,'lr.,_", A L. "'Ii-Na.'.' ", l tu ,-'.,I, D 1l.h.... n, } !a


--AND-- .. :
We are now prepared to furnish ,
, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate,.
atalogne sent free on applic n.

111as, Olive Tree,, NSanis, Figs, Lemo, Pecais .
thousand; also a full supply of ,.:-.Iir N i'eryr -t :,:; adapted to
fStates. Am now i.:-:Kin, .:..j-rs i.', l- ii d- ii .ryseason .
W rite for Prices. '.:.. ir -. .':, 1 L.r v.:.i 3o. -
GLEN 'T. MAY NUREED G., L, Tdaer, Prim, Gleu SI M Kiry, [Id

in readiness to Mail FREE. s 1pplininfo,
iiirLI1...With.irll E. m. risiON, M uh qpar. LakElii-A', P.:lk Co... Fli.,
on iLnke Kingsley. Clay Co.. only 010. A
LAKTE VIEW, choice 5-aere tI.-ac for n ORANGE
L IOO.i Q *w- 4 ILi jv
iru]. wiv M t],,, t-r.. ..:.r i,.-rr-i[ P. -.: vi. ;r. r m:T b | B K S I

P. 0. Beo iS.Jacisoo viile. Florida. 39 WV. Bay S1.

k, Charleston and Florida
thi:i-,? 0t a, lr irpi.l, -I t .:.. ail
LE. ......- --- -- ET ERIY THURSDAY
k .-- .....- -- EVERY SUNDAY
t,:Eail ji 'r,:P.-r 29., E. R NNow Yo-rk-,.--'r7 TUE D.\r t and1 FRIDAY
i,:r Fe.-rnald"ira aod FrAdr,-6' _' 4 hi-: .r J.r.k.inTli.
r, ri' ,v':, .!tl -d,'. o bT y l'.,- L[ie :"i, r"t I ,i.' -, ri'. r- erii.n u
i,.i r... iin- Lt,,:. Eir-.r .'iLl i Sw ehil iir.,,i N-v Y -.:.rk ri, LYDE'S
.El- River.. F l',r f riril o.-.rmat,i:,.n .ppir Iv
M. IRONNIONOER, .J R.,G. t. ,t& P. A JA. LESLLE, Ap'C,
Ji'ikc'.,.i.l hl.'. *" DBav (. ..kz-iorif.', Flc,.
a.g:r. WWM. P. CLYDE A iCO. Gen. Ag'Ils,
1; :.. W triarTe-:, Frjdl., Pi.,.i Blr. l.i-.van N iew YorI.



The Florida Farmer anlrP]t Grower

A. H, CURTISS. Editor.

Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.

GRC'L'R i- au eightbl pa&e46eolunmn illustra-
ted wenkIy uei:-. aper, di-oted ,l-o rib,- Farm,
Garden, Orchard and FouE-ehold Eerconomy.
and 10 torl pronii tl'-'tn if t e ag'rhtulitiral and
Indusiril Int l-ri-stso(Flortda It ii pabh.rat-d
evE-ry W edui---iad.
Terms of Snbscriptioi.
For one yEar ... . ................ .. .
For lx iu tnlb- .. .. ...... ........... 1 .i
Clubsofi dve- c.- oil. ad.i6i-i .. ....... .... 7 i
w II -d ll-, [iMES.UNI':,N,oi.! year 11 ,,'
W ith .il', T M E-IE .iNti_,N. ,-i m o:-_tn i. i,
W iLtr \\ E'EKLY I'iM Z:. .:,n.i ,t-, p .. 15
4- l. ,Si--iipi,:ii I. i fII r ip ',-N- -, ,.ash in rj-
var.:,, :,nd nol ] ipi:r -.-uilinut.-I aii,.r ri.
e aspli ,'i.r I li e h Iil'rii, p ip l id-.i r e .-i it. ,:-a
lt pt l ,ta- I',L ,:I ta- n v,-hi- h ti i i ;n: r ,ir, :
a d il re s le ei i\ ti d it t ,: vb [ ,.r h th i: ii l *.- ,: rip -
th inl Is' p 'ld a'nII *:-4 1 ,,t Ill.' l Ut [0 5 ,Ci i e lr _i i .
pa miirLe t i0ti.it iL it[ if itu.e tii : i- I i.:.
cbhanc-d imni,:l,[ilat I- al ti ii -in.,- pL.'n i. t,
the suiLt.riii-r will lieae n-[i'.vy iL at ,'an.:-
CORRESP',NDEN'E .,li>.red nnu iii .1i,
]c. 't ic a l l ilia i n1, 1 i iK t l ,- w d o t:al r h i
[tlnp-ip-r. Wii t- -,atars i-n: -isnaiure'
to their ai ti.les ri [a-titer ,;,., En-a -Unt uiiir
furnrih th- edi-or witti ib.|l, iuli Itl i. ri,.-I
address ri,- C'l-,i p-,i l ,. ii.- n r t i-n--l q fi-, ir"niti-er
ofgood I,, ir Rei-, '..d ---:njiiri,: -[Ici-' 'an-
not it- rctil'D.r-d
A rVERRT i ,E _tEN r' i,-4 rt--d to a iiroled
es i-,nt P.il. r 5 ni ij LIed on -'Ipptt-at!.:.n
REMIrI'AN.NES, -nnould i- mande y CLtcck.
P,-alrl N,:,t.. Mt. -n ,- i:,ide.l or Rett iter'id
LecLt. r. tr i(:rd, r o'
LlZ,:,117lik,: FL.i


FiriST Pa.,E-P.--P|, ,i iri.- fi...r Pr,',lih- Tb
5ge.chi-c Lo.ne i fl'..' -'ei-i', Sot.e P-Cnt-
ail-ut Bud,'iing: A C9t1,i,-i t,:, iU i at 'n-ri.- ;
Pin:.in r:.. th"b An, O:A', '.i t I 'i,i,,w.:. F.:.r-
aie in 13 JiCLoui Ci-utat- AL-.-.Ui F>'tiL-,inh;
Stir wi enri-ri ; 5e,,Ic -- O ,,m P-,IvT.
,C--,nO Pa -l-'B,- ,,l.m M.Iu" Tilik3; Ci.,: I,
PAi.u-Ta .a

TaiRD- P.or-
Irunon; F..r

Ft:.r the. '

Fe't i'lr" ( ioli

t-ier. L .:t,(

Fer,: i th I

P, a i ,"n u

I.:raid St.:.ry
N,Ai r:; Faii_

S,-,ttt h F I,:,riu
F1ien,: t<;au

St isn PSwith-

record the rl
inen', Ate-i.

.Pen N Lut-

WhbiCh h1la tn. ta

orE aie uuiti

o:f t thousands.
announced ti
tPl clubat 0
lepo)rtz; recehi
meri N.tes, a

had been for
Sthriiougl ten i-

their i-uenl
rec tio t broug
N-.ini,; F~in-

iot that PtwAie
Srepreen tFedj
Tlii Tci--ib.

tion. -If. th-e

played to can
expecIt uearis with

resented: but1
threioi the
thmoere will n

Gai neiv i Ile cc)
which lias tri

It isf to he i
ens aie uniti

will beands.and bepr

re present at ire
gates or not--
leadef thousands th
beannounedlve t
cial chub at C

means tece-i
memi-.ems, an

had been fo
othrrepough tnden
Sret tion throne
^, not chat twic

tion. bject-of -the
people of or at
played to Ca

expecbrt nearly
resented]: but

-compthere isng no

,7 f-other State
e 'e Yv 1....n2
there will n

'-a d ,.%ance m _..
Gainesville ci

".'to lbCehieve son
".-It is to be

t-j-' :-frp effoi t wviI
will he repi

rep--i en aihbv
gates or not-
leaders of th
themselves r
means they
ganize for ho
object of the
-:6-- people of cL
.-.--oppbrtunidty -
Scomparing nc
S -otoher Stat

t enct c ,11]coni
'ade'ance'me. t.
*_* *ThaeiFarzrjem

gad ard an
to achieve so
for. m,--.. It is

.,2 -,;'-; -.rtefoir1|
'- ;'*-dienmen, who!

mareufac p fee
ii ~bed^Ecualmo

is L-anirh flrn
;* 4, /' a^pper-mosl

=': ::=: -'^ ^-==" -all-is
: -.'. 3 g -S'-;: :-: :

IN U h:.N i RE'C IS ATiuENCtl.

The Work of Organization.
O4','E,-LA. Ha., Sept. t. 1 i.
E.-i,,r Fi; 1. -i t Fr ? ,, ,,, i ,,, ..'-7,.iii,-..
Belo- pl:,:..e end a revised list of
Farruer-' Clulbs., whicl have been organ-
ized in t-l.i State t, ptIOent dtite. -o far
aI; re.,ited to i-. Tlie-e aUd oth-?rs yet
to he organized, %ill- co.,aper3te and be
re-:res-enci in the Gaiuesvill.. Convene.
tlonu of the Farmere' IUTnion:
.V,],,,. .. "-" :** '.: .P '-.' w'c" <* ',, ,,in,t.

13 0 i r k i 1 I... . t L I U -d at unUl l lv i' eILtv yIE Lt e I rLfI I._ n i i n
That pec-u iar feature cof t hi. re't-eq s .-,.-.ui....... .. .. .. .... .. .s...
c-b ,n _tr, :ii f,,: .:.,_I: Fat-I ior T ta tee raiu F;:rida journal w ihicth is sup- III Its members hall c i,.u ic't tof per- caKER -'t' NiY. Gr'an
T .ie C--t N.-:.71: TLb. a-c ntr, the fo-:- isjust now dl -dhave a co-siderabl crulat.n s--as lete h by ;i Lajoity if vcte c t, Cedr C're'k. Sanders-on. \V. S. Chalker. T
r, -, n L,..-.,i; -,... -- ,; il-, mou st t luxuriant in the long Lg- o h o ,e,' 'ho bae paid ant, annual fe f- ofa I.,I- FiLL B,,R,',RU- .H COUNTY.
l.:. i b, lng .oth i r tly in ti i torg neg Statsto ii-h e look in a 0- Ian, aunt c-," honorary uiemw -,rs iof It.s-T Te
lvet, Z Ij U I bh I.7 : 0 I,-i' n ,OrE. ot'fthI U n ite d Pat" -. .Wid r. P tr
eete '-ouhurrrnt U itedc i-n u r iti, n.h e- wisit to tiuction in] hortICU)cltrt ane ar.,rii.ulture, Ptat t-'iPy. C- L. Wilder. Putina
g-Tae Fr-ni.ts tni..n: en pin States. Where within a few' rears past -' ~ "''* ~ n *"->t iciu -;r~ulr Pnd anrl.uls.e J.0^ M. 0,r Watt. thatJ
-RiTr A TF:iriti' nm -. An Un- tateb er e t i h a f impress ,on ur i reader the fact that Focr- I',. Its oNffhc:is shall consist otf a piesi-P or lia. J.M. Watt. that I
Rval A T w t Correp.n- h -re r u a fe iSpanish mission- Ma has a m n.cr ul-u rival t, > dent, two te.-presideut, a secretary. a PA -- NITY. recel
t,:it"tal$,,:,r,:s;'Ie ok :. ris u' yIu ian cft: d el ing iastn w ta nd tbact whcup lu. i vle h u tvbco a- d, h .h-sh 1hIo a sicsrtao ry. ai-.tVio,
ni.:ii Sn -e'r:.; ,n Wurkl aries and Itndian crnvetis dwe-llinn in t r easuaer. a li.biratia, an, a dan executive iaJ- Bity. B. C Cam bell. sity.
a: An riser m m t -In -i ulc er:J ad o lte h o u ses no wv th e re a re c itie s an d te nti withi, ( ch t, w h ile b e Tc n o b i cv hiel ih a cia n s c f t p rci- toct i
Aim tli. >l.ih- (t : -,per.iit aoeh ssnwt r r cite ad afforrd to des,:enid to the same mode of dent and four other me hmleis, all of P-,LE ciltNTX\. hie f
hundreds of thousands of inhabtants, warfare, she eeds to ie doubly alert, if b i shall he elect,-d at the .- t regular Ft. ed E. Dariishers. iegtn

A i-ctoa:Litaot:I 07 inai ci c1,--- Lic;i-l .1ir tak ATLK WITH CORRESPONDENTS. V.S Theriie s'o ti scit, an-i"' thee -
r-ultig n ea Etae s hechaa-.irmng ofthe vstaniland- .-oait eeh otl te Ftncns[in.,n
"Sm TILno--i-i-s.ethantotprTtetoeetLi -ctinon tebnt.r at ch l r r aN FeR you a lett LIr from Thonel :e

.:" Sc:-p -n.- :. h ,:,Kr..:-.; ,r, -,s e one hat i.lags the loudest is. most c i l e -en I.y bal t, at the re Pular
e.: S ee. '.:.T.^ A,ii, K.r:.'-oe m ,,J P"~a- u ed n t o c r tef ,, 'aS'r,, B gAN. mtu being in J anu , -iT.T--T--l thi- A ze it E.}':} P -id- p ipular, a n]d nee d] not co nceern itself W A M w rites: In vour iss ule ot all the vetoes cast elia ll be necesta i y toe a I 'AJ~iE a.V tL [-E Fla., Sept. '7. 1897. aN t F
much about practical far-tcs an, truthful 7;th iest. I fnd this anntouncenieu cL: hi votke. s l bJ nect~tboto .-'l ol/uet IA ncs f a
-C -1-it U

E -it--n; ..T r,.,, N ; ng chat people are a good deal like bee,-I and liters by giving us cm e pi of of sm a ll nit' : cn u l a l '- n c n-c.-, s cit e sc _rl h n're wf em
ouei-F.. C i, y r i,,,, r sat scre nI ro SI ,t ihme, i I. t e hire- c o- the c te, rnas t I th above fg nles. I cal planti ,eopta *le wlitr hlt e fran b-ileootc: o re n a
nt-t aaeryh' ., i: i, t-n ke pu a ,, t tlz i put foi thhey aome VIa. This soTe iety shall old mou thly, al notee alno tnite Fnarom rs Uct-c wilea

*FARMER' NION. In Florida, --- 'ye ai l -dt ahee, the of latig th cstorbenexensivela direct." -s~*in depit buldn rttx^tt fts;a,-,'5arsnwI
Ao -'),.nir n ecite ment E l as abo ut sub sidel b t a fLen id o t in e re ie in Ne, V I.. Thi -in a toitucio ear le ei.- onfn t s te anx ti pa5 acres a i
m th grati. cation. that we hearing things to adjust hemloeves to a o6rk Cty magi ingru.ries. th.oe and lie eds ctany regulr me ing, be t nthirde s pi n t o a oe wter.a h -d i
.Iid pt.agres.-of the i,_-ag norma.: status. We have t .eitaetany ex- as- mcn the hi-,,rlr- O ghest pa,, ce c-e of tale olen nuine. ptopfvcs casrtt ofNnct e ate cnt a hu- r i
c V.At Nahie i, 75 cebnc'ype r bmb-,wichI oths oic hain perimi-a-1-a In ia lso r-cu--I-at.. ad ogn

d rny inaugurated piessd the -ipinicn ,,1 tharintt the end of the tiluded wul nt payt It h e i.- ven. h ,t lly i .H.e c f u oe daolsor p et-o a. a b,:ril l
st t r e t -t e r ai o n ai ow at ofi, thl,e oran,e t sin e, a b,]t ought a, Th er eetnshall d exh ibitoio ns a t a d then ,u aley Tu-P .0 1 t.e f, t.an,

ken coitself thE appropii a te per iod of inteatian marks the begianeiu. taken oi print t: nth eErI bea ctni,-ig i th oe FLeo i day o u d rthe oi-at.

tat me i ThPartn- of theState's true prspeniiy Undue Wethotht ce pr tio eadinminutesfar nueetin- Raiw totake w.lsgeri ,-antre
ng y hundredsand thou- prominence ha, h-een given to a single w-ould stimulate inquiry, anv i tI-at it 2. Reputcs ot coinnittes : -. sti fi-um paik for twenfimce-ts. an-I this
ore long ac-an say by tens product, simply because ibot furnished ught be commented upon by sr-lme -Of B. salnfin. i ,um ill drinaclude the ten cent, admission Cott

SOnly a tecv weeks ago-"4 e suchb a i ta-ingi t adveliseweat of the our reader, at Bustisi. Our State unes 3. Essay. to the pat,-I. I ccli give my perstinal and ra -rh
4- fJ bythd,.br-d business. ....ihrdihall at5tent t aont' c a te

Fsreola. AccordRMngRtSlO est continue tor t-re thea me rni p-, oe,, in e cannot attempt to verfy them. T tce oB w- lon : t: round e h. potn. i

l'd by -is, this club had lohe some- degree. hut in a je urhal like this, pm ice fo i cas tor bean s in the St. L tuis t t he p ,,stle ha lln p d, tll Veis -r,,e ur OLIaRd Bet
bno he-,. thant '7 there club chi, ts devoted dii the a, substantial dio naaikeb t asf ie per wohan ela year oriso m eetngs othe -cet clm ins o

L.i the cential cuntiehs, and should have no more space than is due in price. We hayn ,ritten to dealers recii--n, hare a general superintendence Ioir-,t-, Aflachr t (Do.Set :, tS-. bl eil g i,:,
c h is extending in eey di- the Int important of our f it p there and in New York. and hall beabhe of te a ffa -mr f thegsuiriety. and-i dtirecciAon -, t, t F -oi ni
ghrout the State. Wehdoubt ucts. C.ensideaine trtep State as a w.Uhole soon to lay the cacts r hief 'i e our readers. o Reatiex i urtes o f n ney inH a ll- Thye I:ntz tae .,f io la.,re helda ,meet- b
re as niony cunties tvill be -and asr a inn i.e We aim to represent Wetlhink vet y ftavoiabl of, cnltiating so bjet conne ited cv,,it tic. or ultre andut S. I D o dal for te pi rpseoctomgan- ,uti, M
but ie. tlya e w ea go'u rate iu,-. thea "lesings itiE see ddered the F armer,.' ni n w inu the cypersonaeandii-h
4.g rJ[fl'aUhed buPPi''nt, allcin at co inte on to all ho attend theli perli ,

organization of the Lni -n ta tce, livesoik econt t it and v-ge Wa- tiee. It ar c-tns a dense sra hap de dung 2. Te1 viepuinte.. e pint order o- tuni otakf lt- the 1h. a Geresven C1
ievanca. an-dlect.ure, s t c oiu-les third. Wbe shall, however, give an the heated term, and stores p-after the their point t sall ac i t r' ted io n th section o i d
ea ss .tsh tate.i lbin i Aould extra amount ot wpace to orange tov manner of clover and field peas-a large absence or disaTbility of the p resid n iamed oi Pcers : lie.m en

- all the couna"' to he rep- ing, in consideration of the special de- amount of plant fool. which aloim-l" be sha, by cotresponience and pinionavtinc K,- resident; Sanuel C. Colta
ancencoonseewith honcultumlistsroobtain -, 'ice president;iRaberr Wilder, ing a

it'mesd. bejyfa ered that velopment of this otie industry, buried under n tr o in the heli In- a tl ino ur ti-an ho f te anduiit andr tai- set ethiey : (ham desTn li re a slur. weintac
central ot al ,tion". and sInu the lst issue cft ae tlt' ait C de o ,- r heen s groIun. mola- '.a n p or dab leysa resB i or e cuturene andI epor, t an T-is c lu ko d, l e
3.ft e af' s. e ,av. r c t oit:, [] -I iv- y er on l a ,d aie

got be any ute d aW eer the 1, t-w e find the following chatrc teristc maurdersa. nuoa tE t O uSate sly in 'a-l ing, to the 6oe t-t ciub. Amai ng tiose present were Samee- culture

thnvention has preformed its paragraph :N Florida fruit groc-ers are uEEOSt AND FERTILIZERS. -a :3. The secretary shill o Neobl Hill Club, vh ge us m? v'i-. othlo- n Tofb
eas A coungtoI ntestwilb (--,-infinitedtoa. e ea rtpor eseint vetCa nn '.aofudec e o fte sity h acchtrge, umiptbe inftmatmo n .yfr thei r wllo o ti d rre

just no payin a gict dealQ atte- (3. B T.mivshesFtaknowrhere leucantooitspper',aookswadthepocl.lan

hoped chat-all the counties tc-1.m to the culture ot grapes, peaches, obtain tobacco seed most suitable tor this prepare its meArts for public-n, and speeches. We would urge the organiza- faccreo-
esented at Ga inesville by plums and other d-eciduou fruits. What climate, ada a good fertilizer foe traw- shag l beallowed for so doing. io s iteesu- co ofclubrs in all falt.ing comiuntnitmies
andsthattheysendtheiremeresentacves .i-.
citizend-, hethaler dele- is the matter nidto orange culture ,in berries, also. er, ho h can t bet prepare a y e xee sf te postage, stationery, o ate wih usa the i Ge veienti e o
,,as theySa~.v ol xr m uto pc ooa]egrw a[e felvrat ll: es- ag and,- the ike He shalltyo thenea annual[]t toi a e cr ties, ha
so hat the maec, meet the Flourida? Doid theat New orleans Exposi- manure for siawbeiwies. As to he lh atI- ace--nutien,- det and lMofnsuicsl veu ion r tJe LSu INC otdeoia
i. moment u. n ed acuind t d prop ve too muche nst' tebrpoint we w .old refer tMto sde-r'sl-, hnrfha et re.fa tondnpc tal p E Seckyw a Pes'-t. San

nith its objec ats. By ths We teel like retoi-rting. What ei, the articles on first page and to Mr. Powers' audit.ii-gco-hrmittee. a r a-
an learn better how to or- matte wndilt gold mining in Califtnia? letter in issue ot Septemner 7. For 4. Thu treaslershall receive and keep Co-Operative Stores. of fruit

one work than they can by Is it because the precious metal is cx- seeds aod fertilizers, address William A. longing totes'ociety, a ondedisb ube the- SENTAerand F la.ry September, 1o837.the Kio
c. Asidee from dteoftie leading hausted that we bear so much about Betyaursdre Jacksonre ioeeC For seeds.w also ad upon hwri rdr e T rmotim r o,

convention, it affords the wheat and grapes and the Washington dress Church. Anderson & Co Jackson- presidentwhich le hallntsina~ndile gechr t'o-dayforthe purposeof discuss pinap
oe -aneions counties a rare Navel Time oas when fhe North, knew ytle, and P. F. Wilsonk. Gaineaville. as vouchers. He hioll make san annual ing cIte subject of elatblisinga far ers' peatr, cc
of meeting together ad not that California could g prodcse any- PinE toa TRAW AND A.suEae report to the society of the receipts anid supply house, for tme sale of all pro- aluond
resented at ain.s~ile b plumsand oter decduousbutts.What cimatedisbursementsrtihwrich, swith ihe voucherowdsordoicorsofi the-farm t and cthe ipurchase of, cstun awbe

l bedesld.orhatFlorida could 0. B. soasks our opinion ot pine s eee o a sati a a sups the eenas its
eas are doing, and no iib- pioduce anything besides oranges. But straw rotted with pine ashes as a fertile chommtntthee. ganized byto electing I. B. Huggins chair- method,

-ute mtore.to their general time passes and the world giowsacc iser, izer. The two would-aneed to be kept shl The librarin shall hare change of man, andRev. R. W.Jone., secretary, i
e oee oun- Both Floprida and California are onlybteplnt ixed anud moistenedandprotected oallbasoo as te sroredty order i Tbe suBjeT Wvas t ad ideas Plantd
t133e ims r ert tme sal kepinorer, advaned b'J.Un ilonin Recov.en. .theon m

Tnho nsthould not he re- gtinening to realize their own capabilities, from rain, and the cost of hauling and m atalguoftesam.nd p Kgan o I;t va tunnmu ly mers,
aoement intended merely It is true, fortunately, that our interest manipulating would probably exceed the members access to and use of the same decided thaoO the store should es ui
me speciaaeand speedy re- is aot so lch concentrated on the or- value f the cmpo Te ahes had u. ishbed. Upon motion of-r,. F. Parker, w lfeCaw
e-otandle thi te- ange heae in Florida as it was a few best s e hauled -gectlyeto the feld shortly 6. T[ -t ihe boeamd dsb-tbe uthe mSNAtt c Fel.ed thee ier be
true ldrou tles ,d a e tat tahjtec toetheOra ngimcea oiBo uorffc lo er n F or s ee s, a l a rg et he so cie t m n U for m -atdl caf tho is wi ith the re q uelt to r b err ,

Lbetoreeve itheap-ordlu *emsears a, yetthe fact remains-that vith before planting time.oand the pine straw a l prse-affar, a ue ia best ts that theUon-d app re ent aeu o ie ctoo.siref
of asmallarmy ofmie an equaCl outlay tiof money twics as manyl to the barn yard, where it canu serve s a to promolo e itrs inuence and prosperity, arrange Lo-the taking of the ; stocks r Threr- ea -i
akea large slice o ut of oranges can, be produce d in Florida as in biedding for animals confided in stables pr- t -h oi- matter will go bfaefore the .sanion.Frma r.n mod
-- TopicsforhContributrsetheo16thofsSeptember.-t-y. -iof

oaymeings o There will bean Caulifoniaand of onaueri"orquality. and pns. where it acvi, disbsurhsetheliqeidtMs, wishes wifmtioe inchr.dt eaid r Lafaett' Maorthe- rae otrwb

ten of oper a- Tnreison thin thad sletngu- ofmanure. sedithus it serves' ha ire o three- to h u o ha caedbeggar- d

ti^daale -and perhaps6 ofis in" F'lo-rida as i 'd.oes~ih Californlas, ol l~urpo-e..tp kep dtock cleab. to 5av& -weed'As airejumvenatSofT '-rime soil. Wilt be published toy-the information pfoijii^S,'j
ecntale doig tia nd an d Intheo a se t is g heho d e R ta f e manure, !t growragein if ut dnne in-.July, fBtr f mroitdngh pomlmunsaw, a auitfhe request i e

.hashas eighand thatisfalsehood, mr shame- th.melibariaepbah ls steps e tn. o s tanleare-faced lie was- nee e .ered -and toadd- itown elements of fertiliy instance?-- --f t h b a I
sur irgenera ltimepsseohewordgo sowisrin.Thp ne rk wsthe to ko t he pu bje ct astaeuead m sua bl

os been-tested 'h c r~.t ,t ihat sconce aing-ihea re olsultb or thxda m te atdre to thine e, e an h in w i t king orer tndobt. "Wiso R .
ti b-U nioC mb outld feo th b e trt-gin fin d t i leaie xheibowin cat abeitier, r la i QId t e o to hau ig"1d m aetho of c ur ing o the sa m ad peurit K rig and oh r.Wi deman .of ythe btf
onenio hs~reoredi tsprgrp -Foia pri roerssaerer T e EDsAmecrrsoDFEnTI makERS. spomea det ee ft ilthpoor succehan cuirgeNblt l ~ -- OE e ir-ho av- LISMuchan Val- T on aci

e m4inteded ereysat-deelfa& tt,: n Yui .Tries-inhregard totsaving the liquids theLibe.e leaves'- -- an- u th- C dec ide t ath byt er wellb s Libled t

st v pyin e stables This may hedone icwo fiponep aihingis stall paKo svtsg of parta
shoud anate allt whou actual awardsFlofridacrriedaoffctheswysbyn keepgdrmotuiozrthislyrestpanvinireoty- one acresWorgh umgcane.i- f3L't11ire.
-y s --.W c t a-p.,-,l.--. 'a rg_
me eoe & Gpec i f-ad speedyle L o.so .mahndce tIatd fntear-tauetfheycc po r he aeenh d d rteg laeoi. ..eprhees.eonteaoto.iv.ear ers m

.- st. e ar- ..orangec..6 b rie- .cef- e. ex r- e ,s a t o- the matte- r was efer 'ed to th eF con NC :tr"
t-so t -d eyj b m y e eth t heFr:id d F lorid a a -itwO eans a e w- e n fst -eha u led dr et .-tohld -: j t -o th -i e t o of 4-c vosoeh rt m an vU tion .for ra fIJaton' w "tde of p
wi.btOrh Its o bjets. ,By te!.s y ears agoiyet tefcttemins-. hat wi-th be ri6onfir stpl at gtme and toe ,in.poe rsraw a~ ige A isaficadue t el fot o, *^r- .. -iimiibthtre..qe.tiliedtrs
ca ler ,bett...r-ho- ...o -o.- m te il odmnn nC lfona.etr i su tSpe be Fr .T etesrrsalr -- r adkep Op r,, tiv e Stu or mbes Ofrut
an oracae ]am fmur[ It o oeIt, acont f almoes e Eior[.,ia oinran urt Uoer each
im. work__.an .he 't beuau outheay eof6on ey t ai tse F-atman d ot badfrtlzr syar d d b ress illa m e A. ". .. ~ n popeiy rag f ,tb tkb o teter. i..
taae by slal ng ngteB e soc et.endou tu se the S ET-FE.-la.-ep-m br-,-88.--e K e
Ice='. -' Asidefrom he _la orang a ses thatn. ebeaprod c,8inFo ridah as bbout ing frs a nmiall. F rse[]i edsn. alco es arr i ...p n 'e w- ie o. d r.-f .h .- m atrter i F obforethis .icnit mo.F idt o- "err, q
3 conveni on ithe dre ill he wheat fri'and of a ueiiand .....asingt.o= ..es'sC-.rh.-", e: -,t C J .kso -. -r.-idetwi ch loieot PIDll OPS. tnandhl e g 16ertbo-d f orSte p ueb r pos" ofdisus-,- .- n. e _! pi

;e = various .countie ...rare Navel?-Time ', wn e N rt. -kne- i l a and le-pF. rtiblson. Gai es.vi.- svoer".g" "ega'n if i lut mak e=ananualYf Irn!.g Elie.'.:.", "fe tab-ihitg .frterec pe ar, cc(
treeo-rtattoantilgeadoceetyar ff taheereceaiptstmsadspl o e.fr t he s etalenofal pr- th ll
.e- ... ar -ding a d n ifl- prod"u' -ce d'nyt ing ec-ie wan. e & e B' u~t ed rand- ot teadd.- ith o pine asese as-o fe~rti i c e ... ." ob.-..l-cti-. 1. B -'. Hug gin ..cbir me' o dsi"
d.. ee !3 0_ .t o te ir h _a.cgen r a~ly ti m e a sn. etat on d Le wo.her esld..iows twise.th zer. T 1oh e twour e- l deb -- ....d to b.e.kept .,uch boo ws bas th so cikeoty hey p roper Th e subject w:,..:,_as a en'.up a nd ideas-h .-.r6 'm

-._. ... .e.an :.q._fao ~ d :in.tiiresig=i-ega~ to-'a~ingth'e lqiiiis tb6]ea~eh.r. '-ces"s t _. .-and .us -. '-".th .' same -de.c".ed".t-ha-T.th store,. sho ....---esebe-"b"

.= =. I % -. : '2 = ,-- i"L --_ -- . % -. . Z _.- t o- O MO. t o ,i :u- a n d. ..ro s p e.ri t yI ~. a r n g o r t e a in o ft h e s to.-;-. T he% .. J ;
12d_. .Ik .- = _.7 > --_--.:- : .' ".= = -- : = : --- .'. :. r .=- : _. "" -.- -V -: ; -."m a.- t- er w ill --g o b pf.'or = e .:-"e --"io ".Fi '.. -' -- -
r-d'-6a*-'.!'-b '-2=- .- l.a"rge- .:.- "--- s. o t f.rng s.a b r- din foi:--=A. aj.: .-=. s -in bedd- ing- foran.:t<-.-';-4 ...-- -I A ..,-- "---s 2conf-i.'bedin -s-ta-bles .:--='-& --... :-- ::.-NME -._'P..-' Ii--.!
'-' '-.dl--...'...''._,'. ..#=;;.'.:=z:- -'":-4..'=-''# .,-==g _-,==. .&:.7_ "::.'- .r:;..-.'- T-o-:.-." = C-s-_"---.r : -..on ,tributor "s-. the --- 16 =--_ "-t.b2- o"f- Se-pt.,emb"er..=. --.'lj
ea nn s T ee w llb a alfri; and of ..su-.-....... -"- .Ho.. ..r quality- =-- ..'a dp n..... w- he, "- ...... -i....t- -wi.ll--... ..... b o lrb th--,..."e -l ...-iq u-. idL..... Z .
--'----i'._ .-=7i.=G'-= .' _--z-_ = -: ,-- X-:g 5,-. { .'.:''-"'-:=$; 'I .-<-- .-?'.: r - - : D .;--w ishes- .= -._i:--ib-ri-e .a --i-. i-n-re.g a..5'd_ -' 51r-.= =- ..ra'y et:d lkl- o- -::.. t- hea-. :. a- d-e .. o N q-- _' p r-=
.- y ster..o... c ` ...op. %era- .-- T e e s o n .hi g t'.a- o es. n ot f.`: .Of Ma n ur. U sed th u s it- se -r"ves '-a t '.h-ree . .-- -.:-- t .t e '-'_ : --: "- --4 --- ,--at 13 c a l d -b g a- _t5n 'h-t -th p ._ed ng- of t. --.-" =n:-' .W e- .. 'd-'' b'"
sal ; .a d .. ,-_o is i... .Fl .orida as ....... .._....t-- -doe. .... ..d ck' E-_1603 ...--to ,d ,p -we ..l '... : -f' -. ... soil -. tt... ... ..... .......... .... o. .fo.
........... ...... .... .... ........ ......... ...a......
.as =hi'-'g,-.--.y f-6 --fa.. .=i=.r-m_--i... .- ..e - ;. 7. ,j,..A....= .. wit....... .r. -h-eir. ... -> qu"e ... t = ,

hare kindred interests at stake. The
"brotherhood of man." unfortunately, is
little more than an abstract idea. but
fraternity of interests is a matter of
policy, and by convincing men thliat it is
so, we can most easily induce them to
The more we consider the condition of
the farming cla-.ss and th. ir relations
to the commercial cla;sets, atnd ti to e
piofeseional politic:ians whb: secure to
themselves the making aud adnmiuistra-
tion of laws f.-,r all, thb m:ote clearly ,-do
we 'cee the necd of or'amization oa the
part of the faitietes. They have i-.,eu
acting singly :u.ain-t cominrjati.;.-r.--
heune their w--eljkne-s. There ih,-:uld he
ei, mbinitirin agaiWnst cominaritin. L.-t
-(-'Greek tcet Urek." Thee art t,:,
many n111 producers I:, be sltpi-,t tEd ;
tlie cities are growing out of propr:rt1ion
to the country. ,Irawing to themselves
the tie-t intelligence of thie rral legions,
which all thee tin-i' 1 hare to f-ed and il:tl-he
them. Tih-se evil, cau bIe at.tiled otily
by the farmer-.. They have ti i,: p:w-I
in theit hans if thb-y will only use it.
They must be mor- 3elt'f-wappoi ting and
cease paying 'aiiih enormous tribute to,
the cities. But i(hey cannot work this
great reform .irgle handled, ea:li oine
for hituielf. They muust combinethem-
selves into a giant organizationn, whoi,.
aim shall I.e t.o secure thile greLate-t good.l
to the gieatect number and to eacn. a
jus-t and adequate reward fior honet toil.


300 a

palm easily, notwithstanding the fact material in position to absorb it-the
that California was given advantages same to accumalate in successive layers
never heard of before. A.tlr Florida had or to be wheeled to the compost heap-
made her exhibit the Californians were or by having a gutter ortrough in the
permitted to go home an]d Select an ex- tear of the stall to receive it. The floor
bibit, and knowing how many kinds- of the stall -huid slo:,pe slightly toward
Florida had sent they, as a matter o(t a slit or grating ovr this trough, which
-*ourse, got together a greater tiumb-r. may bi, large eu,.ugh to receive the
If then Floi ida h-d haid the sane lrivi- s..ia.iniugs f'r ui lie stalls for -everal do&s.
lege. she couli hare t'ound a still greater or ruyy-C:rrve -imply as a ,.cIudlictor fr
number ai.tl her trumplh would hare cc.nveying thle liquids t. a %at. Where
bEen complete. But hai Lt avail is marny ayni-ails are kypt rta:bled there
houeCst -fl:,rt uniler suci 71ir'uitistdiiCe-S, 1h.'1 1.1u be 3 ,a e f \i ]...q aiL u nri,-i a -shedl
when tltl-e presi- sta-nd ready ct: off-et it f:r iir:eivin--_r t-iUn.:-t. rtih a at or
I.y auii.i ,::i-n fali -,:,ad Lt k Ie,-id: it. By kei-,iti rthe :,.jmp:,St
ihe jour ai- .:-if S,:,uthera :'aliforri. di, e clied i-.-l h the liquid., il %till u.:,t need
i ?eha-e :it if iiit.:-xsiated withie s-i.ltii,n rl, li t,-,lite than three w-eks-t._.LEciz iic e a
bI:.:nm whlj;h lhais ctraok Ithat -.:'tl:.i. thr.r-,iighly < tu-l|aili .:-." mpl-te fertil
TlU?.7 ay n:,t intlni tree 'l F ,lu idai and. ;z,-r."
pi E.- u nialiy iU:t anui,'1 that i truie, of A.P-A 1RiAiO r'iR r'-RUtntih 5.tAH CC.NE.
C.tailitrnia. r.reintliy a re-iit 1.pp-eared Any one i jii iras f.:.r,.ile au .:,.I fa.j-
in ti-e Rotti.ri ., -'-. that 1 ,i',imi, isiin i,,-neil p-;r of rolie.is and gear f:.r ,:inlh-
tepreieitith the orangFr tc.-Wei of Itlly inig ,:ugar c ine." taiy fin. a I.,Uiha.ir
haJd L., Ls ivts iti,:iig t ,>i-taug., nui:ub h a-ti]rt-ising thie edilluoil of thli: i- r.
t, I thli- .-i.:luti. ai.l ,ia-I reilkied au --
ouffcisl opinion that California was lpie- HORTICULTURAL SOCIETIES.
pared to t'fully supply ti-e ALi- riican
market wicc, oianesuperi.,r to those of A Model Form of Constitution
laly. but that Flo.iida'" rivalry was it and By-Laws.
no, Impoit ctan:e. Tliis arbi-ird report was TA.iP_, Fin., Sept..niher 1, 1T ,'1;.
served iup in even ,tyle on the firit page ,Lt .-.i. ,i,.it F.,i .,,i- o -i ,. ,r.-,-,,'-..,
i -f cl. Pt [ ,he dit,:,r anukling ad .Some tirme 1nce -,u .l'-r.l t:o h'e fur-
cukt, g- i n.-, ,nishe-d % ith a tfoi n'i of ::ronitiitu tio:in aid
snappig fiuge-. ,at Flrida's fall bL,-laws suitable for the u-e of hoti ticil-
floi grai.e. On au ihsdle page, ct the t'i1al or -other sImi!r -o,.i-cIS. Tie ful-
s-ame is- us, iU an initeinspi'i:uous former, li,:,.irg-sui.,je,:t to, mLuoliicatiou--may
thei-e appeni -d a contradiction of thl. l suit tie p-urp,-,:eh. I. H-:.LLISTEtER.
pr.rt by New York aenterts of the Italia n T:hC.iiTIiN.
1. Tlisu organization shalt be known as
fl it 't-rowecs. WewUuld Ihar-Uly stoop the_-w
to not,tice th;s rile tis-.ue of fa.lriatios.. 1i. Ithobject shall be the advancenient
h ili l 'i t \ "\ s L ,,-> in e'. l hi =. .n t i re o. : f. -.t h. .r tl.-.., 1 n -

ileaveiand. OC-ceia. J. H. Wilson.
Nbi Hill.. S.niifafey. Riyhard Mar-tin.
A-i.uniy. Sentanv. WiL.n Williams.
Gi, ,-.-,n- .Jo ii-, Ie. Joi el H-iolt.
Fianukl.riid, Fir iLland. T. J. Gritfiu.
loxIlim Glracy. i. Eaeterlin.
C '-, l SIr iir : N i-Wtn- nville ru'. utp-i-e.
,",', L: n Bi A ,"cOUI'NTY,.
ioiw Ci'-ck. Fl. White. G-. i. Maitin.
L-noir. Fr. White. GnoC. McKinne.
B ethlelie--t. Ft. W white. B-enij. ilcNikh.
Little River. R. F. Rogeis.
H:.ut.-to:n S. Hurt.
Rixrord. L. L. Barues.
Will.ori. J. W. Campbell.
BRA ,F-:,P t ,"':.NI'IY.
Pr,.,i-ln,: n t Pi0o i- 1 G. W'. Cilatt
Fort -'all. i dence. J. E. Harrisoin.
Mrlnay. t Lakle i '. B. Kn;glit.
File Mile. i Butler. IJ. M. M.itt.
Stark-. J. H. Moore.
Pine Hill. Zip. A. Crosby.
Putnu.-aim Hall. John P. Wall.
New Hope. Brou,.in. G. L. Gorum.
AdJamiv'lie. Levvvill .T T.L. K,,.x,

It i
he 01
up ut
of. n,
of th,
U,0 U1t,
tar ie.
ou I,
t i,:..
in it-i,
a31 enl t.
tlhe a&
;u l:.je
the cl
the I:
pet tl
We in
and tli
or Un
sta nd
and r
can si
n.> i-n

pensive Organization Needed
i reasonable to suppose that every
er desires to better his -condition,
re himself of burdens that are un-
r saddled upon him, and re-alize
thing tiom his labor. This result
eight toatiain. and we believe would
*i\e, i f tie work wasgonea bout in the
nay, in the. piper spirit, and with
dete'rminatcin which knows no let-
ntil the objects-ained at and accom-
4 us look at this matter dispassiiou-
foi a few iiiorniints. Here isa body
in e-mbracing- slightly over one-half 4
e vo-ting population of the country.
ged in a cormumon calling. with an
ity ot intereAts and a onneness of
thatt outghlt to unite them indis-
Iv iii -ome moverueut ior their wel-
But ate they united? iDu they
to__ether tor the attainienc it; cf a
ion end, What is needed is thor-
creiatiization and intelligent dlirec-
H-io -3 is it to be bhad?
e farmers' tilub, though very good
el. i. ta firomu meeting the require-
s of the hour. Di-cussing the siiue-
in of c-rops, the raising of stock and
i-,Plication ot fertilizers-ail impor-
:opi:.. we t'oncuede, but uot the teal
ct nt is-ut--conrsume the time of
ItIb. The armieri. institute, one of
-est pla-es in the world for ailing
I'tea- and r;dlng darling- hobbies,
leaves the vita! questionunsolved.
nust :look somewbere else for relief,
lere is only one source of help left.
Grange [and the FaPmers" Alliance
iion tills the bill, if that form of
55tio-n is admissable, and to its
aid let thc farmers garher from
nook and corner of our broad land.
all partisan differences; turn your
upon party leaders:; think, act
ote for your own interests, and vou
ecuire.? all you desire. Dissensions]
g farmers themselves render spoil-
possible and profitsble.-Virginia
rhe Putnam Hall Club.
secretary of the Farmers' Club at
m Hall, Fila.. Mr. J. P. Wall. whites
the membteis of the club which was
aly organized, are alive to the nece2-
t s,,me sort of action for their pio-
n and piosperirty, and they urge
farmers throughout the State to
to "pull together If they do
Sso, he ays. "It will anot bel ons
e they will be sEerls to monopolies."
ints to Correspondents.
readers of the FLORIDA FARiMER
'tRtiT.-GRO)WER are respectfully in-
tt c iutibute to its columns article&
rtes on all subjcr-ts pertaining tr
rw. garden, orchard and house-
flairs. The range of topics which
de iscussed in t.his journal nay be
red from the subjoined table, which
l ve tosuggeel what might other-
tc-ape attention :
ing land, draining land, crops for
and, suessicaion of crops, intei.sive
ig. treatment of different soils,
it.u, soiling vs. -pasturing, cow-
ig,. greeu maturing.
es, mutes, cattle, hogs, sheep,
l:,oultiy-Breeds, feed, diseases,
on seed, cotton seed meal. barm-
wanu-re, guano, ground bone,su-
oLiphate, gypsunim, lime, kaiuit.
marl, muck, leaf mould, com-

nuda grass, crab grass, Para grass
ia gr-as, Terrell grass, orchard
red--top grass. Johnson grass,'Texaa
5ass, pearl millet. German millet, .
maize, kaffir coin, teosinte. sorg-
odder coin, cow peas, desmniodi-
exican clover, lespedeza. alfalfa,
, oats, rye, w heat, -rice-Varieties,
Fier acre, soil and season, difficul-
countered, general n-eatment.-
lit-Long anid Short Staple-Plahnt-
id culture, marketing, manage-.
if seed, products from theseed.
r Cane and Sorghumn-Varieties,
. making syrup and sugar, cQndi-
market. .
ceo-Varietiea, history iu Florida,
experiences, seed, culture, manlu-

sa Fruits-Comparison" of varie-
rdiness and productiveness, meth-
propagation,.meliods of planting
Iture, comparative effects of fer-
marketing of fruit, preservation
, wine and other products. '
i, pear. fig, persimmonfi,.loquat, '
elsey plum, native plum, i mull" '. -
nuince, apricot, guava, bapna, ..
pe sapodilla, mango, avocada "
icoanut, pecan. English vwalni. -
, plomegranate,- .'olie, -.fgrape! ; .
jerry, blackben-y,-raspberry-Va. .._.-
effects of soil, weather, 6etc-- '".
s of culture. -'. : ." ': .'
NATIVE TRIMS AND --i"'l f .'.
ing trees for"or[]nam-nutor utii;. :- *.,~..
rni.wg over btof "i-esp-' t ha & th ", -:,
and turpentine j"ndi~t-i~eti .e 5 ,'-';,:,
; industry, -penodmei" J i;a "n '-t;:
edshi.d noxious i aiit' 7.. ..-..*' "-, .
-Sp-eci mensaaybe s "-:.,
or idwtification' rI.nf a .:.;' .:e
^eespeting pop Cr-^.M
- .ENEM S',. .... '
re of.,.daimasej.doe.^diie leit.''.- .;v'.4.



=I- I Ur WT, : ", 1-

.- "- ..-' '" -*"*

"' & f*"There! Thank the Lord, that's safe, densed milk producers in relation to do not suppose he knew he was doing ROLLESTON NURSERIES. :P. i r-'IISO )NT, : :
utnr O 4m!f iSlt r.^ anyhowl"shepanted, thenshevanished, quantity, less the sweetness of the can wrong. ..- :
rN w and directly was seen to emerge from of condensed, i. e, four cows give three One day while feeding in his stall, he 800,00ooo orange, Lemon and other varietiesof GAFNES VLE, FLo)RIDA, .
her hcuse again, bearing the remainder quarts per day. We may in the future accidentally placed his foot on a chicken the citrus family and other fruits suited to this ALE IN
ofthaaluable toilet set, and her comb find one some better, that hiad ventured between hi foreh'gs ri-l.i IN~ ~t- ~''uI ag
VIELEN HARCOURT. Editor. of that valuable toilet set. and her comb find one some better. tha had entered between his oreg ... o in.e i.,:. N large Choice iel and Garden Seeds.
and brush; too excited to remember Respectfully thine, in search of the grains of .corn that he .l..eg r -r.....,. IN-. .ag... .. Fl And al. a i l o Agri..ulr d..
and~o brs ; to e cte o r m m e :h,:Lnng at,, Ehf,pptj6. Caai. rl, tce. An al, i Il
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all where -she had- deposited her first load, M. L. & J. S. P. dropped. from his mouth His full A.j. BEACH SON, Pfemenl. : ira- o [pkipit.
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call; Aunt Patsey finally placed the second in We think, judging from our own ex- weight came down upon the poor hen A.J.BaiCka, Plements. l C O eau::
With words of good counsel for old friends and ..
With words of good counsel or old fnewnds and the gutter, and sat down on the curb to perience, that that of our friends above and killed her. By and by, having fin- 'T E G EA '
Who come to us seeking the best way to do. guard it, with a satisfied expression on must have been very unfortunate. There ished his dinner, he amused himself by 'AITLA ND NURSEIIES. :! -
All questions of general -interest will be her face, and a murmured "'Thank the is no question about the Florida native pushing the dead chicken around with '--
answered through these columns Lord! even though she saw her house, being a small milker, but from our wn his nose, and getting a taste of her blood, s
Personal inquiries will be answered by mailouow
wheacompanied by stamp for reply. with all its valuable contents, burning fdur cows we averaged six to eight or concluded that he liked it; a funny A O
Subscribers are cordially invited to take to the ground before her eves. For the more quarts a day when pasture was thing for a horse, was it not? m .
seat xperin our Cosyand Corner, cpesandof exchange views, time, crazed with fright and excitement, good, tihe calves getting a full share; nor But so it was, and having come to that OANGE AN LEONTREE : -
-"Help ye one another.." she was contented to have saved the old did we feed the cows. Most of our conclusion he went further, and putting ORANGE AND LEMON RES. FOR THE PEOPLE. :
SCommunications intended for publication toilet set, where she might have saved neighbors did the same. Try again. It his foot on the body proceeded to tear P O L
must be brief, clearly written, and only on the old family silver plate. is hardly, possible to do worse, and most off the feathers with his teeth, and then. :
one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department Sisters, are all the Aunt Patsey's dead likely the second trial would give better he deliberately tore it limb from limb Buds not placed on small stocks, button extra
should be addressed to yet? resuhlis. and devoured it, crunching the bones in : "
EDITOR OUR HOnE-CIRCLE, Learn ye to sacrifice the lower things If our readers would keep up in a small his strong grinders, large and fine ones.
lila.'Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
laMFarmer ontclair, Fla. to the higher, yard, with a shed, one of their milch The next morning when the chickens T [T Im Hl '
HER SUMMER CLOTHES cows this winter, one that will "fead" wandered into his stall again he eyed We make a specialty of the .i
U COSy Cone. "Here, Harmer," said old oses Hay- (for many of them'will not), and feed it them wistfully and put his thinking cap 1--I I sB IItI uBISHI- --.
Ourseed to his wiCorfe, "here's a two-dollar according to the directions givenin a on. -- SPA H IL
MKING TH BEST OF IT. bill. Git me three plugs of terbacker ot previous number, we believe they will ery soon after that ou neighbors be-
couple paired be glad to repeat the experiment next came extremely puzzled; their flock of (the earliest variety known), .
(Continued.) of it, and a couple of pair of summer A E H-PAE PAPER.
There has been quite a '-hole in their socks, ann a pound of smoking' terbacker, winter. BAKED FISH, day. ickenIt was not at night smallest they daYn-Y TOHITI LIMES and .A I r-PAE PAPER.
ballad" of our series on the above all im- and a couple of red cotton hank'chers, ised for sometimes they would count VILLA FRANCA, LEMONS,
portnt opi; +Sine lst ur en as and a box of paper collars, and the rest Large fish are best. Boil and take out ished, for sometimes they would count-. 7LAF NC.:E0,
portant topic. Since last our pen was and a box of paper collars, and the rest Lageshaebest. them i the moving and find two or and can show trees or the latter that stood the Has li ,, t i.r, Fr,b,:e ,:.rf ih ...
busy upon it, we have welcomed several you kin have to buy your summer'clothes the bones, shredding the flesh into small three les at night, while they always
visitors our Cosy Corner, taken quite with." pieces with a silver fork. Chop some foud as many in the morning as they cold last winter as well as thoOrange, and -
pasin taken quite c il for cave noSnIiTE PIIEth fIESPATCenES y
a lengthy stroll into the cow-pen, and -pasley ine, i you ave none inte counted at night. They saw no thieves Now AE F IT UPO THEM ET
have beaten a lively tattoo upon the Answers to Correspondents. green shape, use the powdered article; about nor heard any hawks, all they HAV IT ONTHEM
various dairy utensils, a tattoo that ap- We would respectfully call the atten- also chop'one small onion very fine; mix Ladn h tr 1n hakbal he ,
t e wih s could see was that the trouble -m ust be .- -- .. .he aret,,. d E hht N r,. ," -
pears to have echoed and re-echoed from tion of our correspondents to the direc- them with salt and pepper, through one- ar or in the stable because e horse's send for Catalo uet i,:..., nE. f -'r:,. in
one end of Florida to the other, ay, and -tions given at the head of Our Home third as much bread crumbs as you have a ointhe stable because the horse's So '.
has even reverberated away beyond her Circle regarding the address of all corn- fish; place the bread crumbs and fish in Finally they set a regular day. watch KEDNEY & CAREY, E PHI S Vlr
borders to the far North. munications concerning this depart- layers in a pudding dish, put some but- in the stable, and- this was what E A A S"P EIA T 'ERAPHIC Vl
We "builded better than we knew," nient. Inquiries as to matters discussed tr over the top, and pour over it milk t sa ath ha the P. 0. Witer Park Flu
and we are heartily thankful if we can in the Home Circle are only delayed in Until it rises nearly level withthefis horse its midday corn. h agTiIve the
ity HmeCicl. hedesre rplesbybeng dd te red rubsbeing the top layer. os t mda on
beat a good cow into every Home Circle. the desired replies by being addressed to- thbe The horse took the corn in his mouth, MUSIC HOUSE OFT FJJRLUUAr, i n i ,
We shall keep on with our tattoo, every the Jacksonville office, as they must be Some claim it is an improvement to grated STA E-SRV
now and then, and ring out the dairy forwarded thence to their proper ad- a little nutmeg over the top. door, then opened his- u:-uth and n t tle ___ ..; i S E V ,__:E
song from the bottom ofthe milk-pans; dress. JUIATOELET on rop Of c. -,:, ..
but just now we are going back into the Mrs. W. J. N., Micco, Brevard county, Beat sixeggsseparately; mix with the hen made a dash for the meaIl iuis iprn- FR OMITSiOWN :.ORREPONDENr. ,
house.. writes us: "My little girl, Elsie, was so yolks one and a half cups sweet milk, a vided by the kind animal, and as soon F ...... O .. .
First of all, we .want to ask our sisters interested in the story of "Jack," etc., little salt, and one tablespoonful of flour as it was close enough, down came the p I 3 i
a few questions. -When the plants are that she wants me to write and tell the well mixed with a little milk; lastly add heavy hoof on its back crushing the life ITS TELEGRAPHIC .
too thick in your flower beds, what do young folks about her pet squirrel, the whites well beaten to a stiff froth; out of it, and then the feathers flew and ", ?
'you do? Thlin them out of course. "Budge." I will make an attempt some then pour all into a heated buttered or the bones crushed, while the amazed T__eoanaI ORANGE QUOTATIONS
When a .fruit tree sets fruit too thick? of these days." larded pan and let it boil, stirring con- watcher hurried away to summons the JACKSONViLiLE, FLA. -
Thin it out again. Of course, that is the We trust that "these days" may not be stantly until it thickens, then pour into rest of the family to witness the solu- r Pianos, Haines Pianos ,ose Pianos o ,-i-.. t., Uno, dlr I L
only proper thing to do, common sense' like a certain New Jersey town, "long-a- an omelet or baking dish, and bake in tion of the mystery. That was the last Morris Pianos, Clough & Warren Organs -a
teaches that. coming." We would all like to hear quick oven. time the horse dined on chickens, for Wilcox-& White Organs, Peloubet Standard "h.:. .h al ,r u d wotn.rrikes fr
Thn hy nol: rppl cm uiti sense to about '"Budge," and how many nuts he POTATO'SOUP. that very hour every place where they Ogans dever at yom'l- .:.I lit- wnr. it
6:,nt-rhiLig highEr? stores away before the Florida snows Pare and chop fine six good-sized po- would enter the stall was carefully closed High Grade t .,., ,,, '
Do. you rise in the moruiug feeling "snow him under." tatoes; put them in kettle with about up. VEGETABLE QUOTATIONS
'Ii n an.b tired, as if you had just com- Mrs. E. S., Brooksville. Inquiries an- three pints water; season with butter Who can say that horse did not putb "
Splere y.ur day's work, and were more swered by mail of September 6th; also in pepper and salt; boil until just tender, on his thinking cap to some purpose?..I : areE .i.:,_ ,iU, e:pl.. i -'-r:
than ready to rest?, Cosy Corner of-August 31st. _notsoft. Just before serving break into PICTURE cARDS.- 0
as a frmer. "It you should happen is. M. E S,, Ormond, Fla.; J. B. S., it three or four raw eggs, stirring briskly How to use picture cards. Take a Jap- O. I : One Year, i.. i.x _onh,5. Thre .
out,,ur way, dvct,,r, I wish you'd just Sanford, Fla.; T. L., Madison-, Fla.: M. to break the eggs before they cook. : a-Ise pa-aI, a toiff the handle after it -OR -Ionth_.$2.50. One Honth, ree.
lokin -aty wfe. She em kin of M.S., Savannah, Ga.; J. S. HP., Harvar. S paD cutnda n the adleafrs it li:,uondone -onth,,. .
out ofsorts." Fla. Circurlars ent ai requested. HOW TO CURE HAMS ND BAON. i o a irne e cards ,
"Ah ,"What seems to be the trouble?" :. J b., hWaulre, Il. Comea d ii-,: hams are prepared in a it with pius ior looen the reeds Elightly "'
"Well, seems as if she isn't so strong see our genial Florida in January or pkkle compo.i,-d of one pound of salt, and tilace the onds ci the cards unde, : j
as she used 'to. be. For instance, tiii. Fei.._,uaryth,:-!'-iter epe,:,ly,when the four :unces ,:f Eugar aud one ouuce ut- butdo't pu thm oj straighter thee- JL- + + : kJ '+ = -* ;' .
morning after she had milked the cows, orange trees W-iil Lb- oaled with 4aet. ;a-ltpetre dissolverd in water. The hams fct will be spuileJ. try nto iirrarng tem
aul got bredkLf.-t for ui: ren folks, and 'S.,:u.ted :,--,: '. You will ,..e, nre ruLb'l with alt and. placed, on as odd as possible. In this way cards F.:.d r7 t r7 irrb.... o h
a wne.i up the diiheE. and ztartJ u :"t thing- of a contrast to the scenes you benchesto drain. They are thenput m with printing on can be used by placmg Ur,,ti..F,.,tLH. I TIJIJ, E P.:,SOr.r
: the wabhiu'. sh. complaitie,:l ot ie-u leave behind you. Reply by mail Sep- the pickle for six weeks, after which auther caid hvii the pri'tingo to .- ,' F, ,, TI E ri C' .:.
S sort of tired-and weary like, I-reckon tember9th. - : time they are taken out and smoked. hid it. Another way is t talke d lare ,iw ',L ,,,t ', ;' .-
her blood wants thinning." N. F. G., Dayton, 0. The besttime to This pickle is carefully preserved, being fan and arrange the cards aiouDd it r,: _.-a ..u..i. ,"L ".:.rkd ", l -a..i a r-D..t EIGHT PAGES
Oh! Blind man'.-bUier than a b.at co.ie to Flor.a to l.:.uL out tor a b, rnme strengthened as maybe needed by addi- in thesame manuuer. They cau be plIace-d i.L :,r, hn' ., .Llrtrl7 On it.,';
*"heritto,,d needs thiDDiu !" Ratherlo. is NOW. Tho.e -hi, w.rw until Jnuu:rv tio, s of iresh salt. sugar or miolasses, and against the wall the same as a picture. ,u-"; l LTAL' r.,n.' mh Bl.. and :-ef..t W -,l. in b,:- noatn" -:+ '
-.- "E 11h and=" foil irrm 'I,,,-, uoij. t `i .P,, lrr.n-1. Conhilns, the .'rei im ,:. the Di dy for tlie week.
it ne.d thickening, and yLtLis the -thiu- -,r F.briary, to h.,,at,, m'nke a fA.oe s;tep Ealtpet- in te prtio aed, andi A- 1-,o 7 e
.-nl." th inninn n',-its,.htmmonth, ,.f i.s urer year after year. Bacon can be V, oaA. Bl n A.
e by i thinnithemiureaove have been obtainedtir.d, it is an excellenur, if,:. ,0.7 ffio-..1 nsatrumnat that : me,
needed at oncetoo, but it is the w.,ik. rplantin a; iL is then. t:., lath, after -et- mentioned, turning nce a week for plan t*' separate i c,,ks fiom-a the hensr aa rnd 17 I '-.?.. n.j ur ,.-:,u.mi,, O Cr-
11- uOt Lb-- 61,:0o0 that mr ..t i.e i| ui uteJ. iug iett led dow n to -pid O L either .-nt eiy th re w weeks, w he it i.3 w ip edl d iy a c,,'l u i l' e ou n ] _a" o e, 1aI.It .-,o i,, .r.v,,p 7.
Wle and mother, tired nt noon-day, except a few.of the more tender vegeta- hung up to besmokedwith a fire of corn tll m oltil faueins veiand A. B. CAMPBELL, Six MYonths.
tne.l1 at nlg;bt, t.iLld in the morning blies. The earlier in the fall you can cobs, breeding, oul" b, .-f A -d C.
vI von shou uld be brighr and buoyant, come the b.tt--r, for the above rea- CHOCOLATE COOKIES. and eaten. Jacksonville. Sampe opieor Free o a
Stakeheed! so. Q ns if y,;min n.1 business," prompt Take the whites of six eggs, half a t e.sampl o
Are you wastetil of f:`o,. of money ,aund thorough. "'Theearly bird (-tcb.t pound of sugar, half a pound of grated CANADA UNLEACHED HARD WOOD F Ad..ress.
Na.' you are c-.areful, -,:,i ._uaid agau.st the worm." ,, dJ... ti,.ea:lv I.,ue-si chocolate, fire ounces of flour; first stir : A S THEU"M B ..." .
waste; it the one is hmiiedl von tr.v tt have the c:hoihe oi ppOr titles a;. well the white; of the egOf g aud the sugar to- 8 f BCK'S PATENT T IMPROV'r C'iut1D EAi DRi'MS rSei,- i_,r,:ir.:i.iJr c'ring dEi.cr;i)tiui of the
S make the bes. t ot it; if il,,- otherii Ci.iiL ai a is e t 0 U.,k- clian.,e5 or i 1- geth.:-r: th:-tidd thIe >'l,,o:, .ate, id t lct3 ra.uIv ,. aas t V rnk 'a.. l..rf...l n r.- B.,k ,f tm PrinceLly Prlc.hiymbnia.ioffered tIub- ; .
-you seel; l make it go as far as p.-isilble pIrrvements bcLtore it is toou lateppliedin carrots pt up inthe Fle drpb thl S t'lo 00'L'ea- id carlotin bags or .r.rrts. .*r -'L." re ,
h b liriug trugally. an.d cittin, d.iwu eai,,u. uThe bet- advice can give ti-ns. aD. bkei'a niderate ,7"u.--A Diect shipment. uaratee analysis. Price A i d- ", r-'t'FR"Ei'.".:iiU-'i'.-T''ri's'
tiPli i-u Adrs ...';-- In i,i-F)rldI, FREEI. A ,1,11.',I.ii .:t]shf. HICOX. '
every Possibs exev 3.... ........ i.:... WEEKLY TIMES.
eler poeitle expeuie. you or other int.-nig titiyeit ,s to coi e HiUNIiNOI.N PUI,[IN. CHAS. STEVENS, 83 N. ..,L .n. W Ji.j I lv S.
L No'W tell u, Si. Iei., would Tvo.i wear a as early .'isq v,,I Cn, con-ult the light in Box ;u Ni i ,
silli diess in thle kitchen. to Eave a :-Ialice tile bo,-k el otit ii'l:abie eal estate agent, Ore pit milk and iue-half cup rice; SBoiT1... "alm NU R SE RI
oue? ga.l loIk at the iprr.ertie; you may put into a tiu ad -:et in a pot nearly STT PO RSR IS
I et that i-, exactly what yoa are reiect from the li.t as likely tou. yV.f- lalf full of boiliri water: keep :the O-:ORANGE TREES. g TT, P- N.URS R.
doing, and wore, wh.en v,:,u aroe ti'i- mriaki- vour C'h.,ice au..! the-n o ,ack water t'boiliug ultil tibe rice is teamed "
gal ot food and money, and so speud- home nd ibrng your family. You can 1-i,., 'riugie pi''1 i, Ei.1.l.r,-rr .i D- ir, P PEARS, FG P- KELSEY PLUM AND OTHER FRUITS. f
lhil ift of strength au.i life; the fi it. two stdit Yc ur itnproveni-nit t.efo!e yel tbe tiunm a finger; then ad.l yolks t,.. ,, i,,' y,:u l .It,:t,:k..- i, r.i [-,-.'. i .. iI I
may he replaced, the latter n i dr. leave. s if ,v ,:, bo m pl,, g ...U soM.e tei, i egg a little lun i r if butter. and the .L, .. i dr ti.- I lr l .... P.:,i au -t
replced bliy exvts *W~1 plsitd I 'Il I ) Act In atei -ird -f a ls'moii turn Into a pud- ii cii; Nti-i i- '..d me rn, Pi i. ~-- ienj-I rlii l C~r'. Lar :.5nvi',n~r.66oriwtvr70f.. i PVehir CI~Liw iLDn Floriia, nd Writis as
Ic is all right to cut .loe rd expeie&, reliable per-ou in the Iei- l.r':,:d; ,.u gr*ated r in lm,: ; tur rt Pihil t,, ., r ,, P, ICT M.i. ie to :LIDtnr-E. J. P. DePASS, ,.rehaer, Fla.
when mIner is runnininZ out too fast, but cau rno ,loulbt lieai *of allch a li- on" I. iug" ,hilish, Ia lie hlt. toaitiff r ota, in "u ..:. ",-i,-I.,':,i.Dp,. pcr 6 ito..n r.-i t t :.i- e
your strength is worth money, and moree (inIuliug the po-'raster or tfimeliher and tice, hlt acup of ugal-a- tl' i. A 1 C iii- t--I i".Srn ,, i
Than money. vet you keep ou waiting it. off.ial. jui.e o a lemon: spie ,db this frihiug oin -,-l..+,,e. _Ih-'.'5 CHA.LA^.. McBRDEi F A T IR S E R IE S
as though you owned the Bank of Eug- the pudding aund put into bthe ovenu t Ji'to,..LDi,. Fl, .
Column. brown.--Malge.LAN CLER AND TURF GRASS
la td. oExchange Columnw okJPAN CLOti AnD TUit GRAS Well tested io, ap ,roved variteie t the ORANGE ad d LEMON and obthr Cirrta Fruits. :
Cut doav your work, thin it out: you BLACK WALNUI &I.I. Alto) PEACHES. PEARS. FIGS,. the KELSEY PLUM. PERIJMMONS, GUAVAS LOQUATS.,
will find any am,:,uut of it that had bet- Don't fora-et it. It will iart ou its The Jourual :tf Clieihmiitry advises ILtS.,:,'l ' stio nat, d Pi,p,1u/ii p'ieniile.) P)MP N AEGRANATES, BANAN NANAS, PECANS and GRAPE VN-S.. Florida grown, of well known .
tei" be pulled up and cast awayv. Sit travel- on the 5th ot October. wheu a black walnut taim is deshiled to luistrated and dv-.'n.iul in FLOaRIA FARMsR var-etie fo'iin'd t., be suited to thie 6.:.d and climax teo Florida. M
dowu and ask voLIrself. "iHow iunh of add to one pint ot very thin glue a tea- ANo Frt.'r ,i',Rw_ Send fcr a catal,:gu to 0. I. 'HACHE, manager .
my toil is done for my neighbors? How The Family Friend. spoonful of raw un.erL; sit- well and Snupliedl i $1 O0 per thousand, k San Mat,,F. F .
mauy stitches doI take to be looked at rcit of te letter iw whlIth a epoTge or F-BY- lr
and admired by others? How many ruf- Ne are iu receipt of the letter b rush. whe dry brush a spond v :rnish. A LTA M O N TE N U R E RS
tis o pt n y iue n''sdrsssfro 61u-a, adwf.mebr fbush. Wlien dry brush O-ff andi varnish. T. K. OODBEY, Waldo, Floridia.''
d'' (-, uto y it 0gilsdrse -frma9ubndad ie mebef Is ^ ^i of, ALTAMONTE NUR S-ERIES. .
fiat other putoie may tle g-hes d-ea the esteemed society of Fi Otrds, a Meru- 0i% inste-d it th. raw timber. add a t'ea- -
taone ruoe is neat and prett dI think bership, by the way, for whom we hold spouflul of Venetian red and half a tea- ROIYAL PALM NUIRSERIES. "" : : : :
one ruffle i6 neat art-! pretty, do I think .3w'nfu of laQilak mixe into a '--
the other two make her m')re coImtort- a %aim corner in our heart, our own spo,:ntul of lampblack, mixed into a .
able? Itf- I hbe a lot of fruit. I do not being a Friends' family from the days of paste, to one pint of thin glue-water. The Leading Warletiles of Orange. Lemon and Peach Trees.
wvantc to waste it, but is it not beter- t launcho'd William Penu.. Therefore HARD PINr FOR FL,-,,RS. MANATEE, FLORIDA. ---
do that., than to waste my -treneth? we know that no Friend Epeaks lightly. Two quarts boiled liuoeed oil, one pint Raretper entai and rashngtoD Navel Oranges a epeciaitty. The New Orange. "EVERBEARING." Oranges
Is it not woitn more than fruit? If 1 so that we are specially orf, t tite Japau v-arDish. halt a teacup spirits tur- *opeoaire, el&.). )'o, '-a odh feo trth.e .erer.i.n."..h m tr T' Near. vPees'air Bp. lietl, PalTag and"HUew Peange. AElarge Orange
1-1"is-- it.- no Cdlt mor tha fruiC if-m1r: at evervflioath i,r thr- year-. Peren-to, Bidwetl, Pallas and H-oney Peachues. A large stock of Kekser
can myself withb the berries, stiffen my- writer's commendation: peutine. three pounds yellow oc.hre iadd trie,,pa., and 'as, ao g(arIdenal nes9 : \ and tEAr vmMEtL of Jm Thin Plum,, mne ludmi tbes PUMOT and ted W i
sehf with the jellies, evaporate mJself H iBarcoartl, Editor Our,- O How Cic: a little, raw umber if you ish a brn i dad ,liandtSo "EARLY SWEET PLM." The ne'w Japaee Oranges, Unhw and Canon ybrd, Wie
tsgelf, wx thtruge, jellies, Eovaio"a irom liiii. A a, Bat 1,1 Adrlhticand FoAndling Figs, Pears, Perihiumons, Grapes, etc. A large stock of Shade, Avenue
with the dried fruit, is all that true We most always see weekly in the 1, mix rboroughly, and you will f ia-a. riueer bei,:,e ntro.cc and OrnamentalTree, ose ,Vies, etc.
Indiel. manav ''C l .. tLee ~i:ieLic t end for IUU Srratled Catalogue, con taint Ing besides t he a bove, descriptions of al I he old anda
economy? Is not my work, my guidance, columns of thbe Home Circle, information have a good bard paint tora floor. ,a .., ti-,=. uendit'utae r a n or ntaltre bespde e ordaUaheodada
my advice, worth more to my family worth the price of one year's6 subtirip- n,, olio ,i te l.. at any ew frut ad ornamental trees adapted toFlorida.
n-.l-.,',i,+t an-] s, ,.troi,I,.mi ii ants lutl"n-, "
than all the rutfles and fruit put to- tion to the FLORIDA FARMER AN[) FRulr- Our Young' Folks' Corner. Aeri.a. C.ut:,ois' induce, i.,u,-i-i'i, c- i l H. L. WHEATLEY.
gether. and can I give them my serrieces GROWER. We wish thee to feel en- ,:AS_.t Ol If,. Altamonte, Orange ConutyF oriotda.
if I trample on my health, stew my courage. [We should be tDorouglily "HORSE SENSE." liE.\$-.mc MEl i'ai-'7 t O
strength to shreds, and get myself into a ungrateful did we not appreciate these. Have you eser heard peoplh- talk about :,'o.' -.A ._ 1875
broil generally?" and the many ether kind words won by "'horse tense?" A T.TM .I') "1875.
Think it over, dear sisters of the Our Home Circle.-ED.] Sometimes it is said of a man, "Oh, he HWiPH'OIni lVallnP ilnPlt YanrfD
Homre Circle,-these are homely similies. We have found so much comfort in a will get along, he has horse sense," which "ll1SS1SSIIJIJ T [Ull1l 1UHl0 f^ P A GI f( A RE N' SE E :1 Tl
but significant ones. zinc wash-board which has a peculiar means that be has good sound sense and ....J.L j. ( ^ Lii L.P 5 JGJ JC *1 :
Keep clean for the sake of health, and formation of the zinc, a kind of a broken knows how to use it. J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r, ....
self-respect, but if there isonly a little corrugated groove; this makes a soap- Horses and dogs are the most intelli- i LE E L -o, A
.'-. dust hereandthere, and it is going to be saver, as weneed only to touch thesoap gent of Ill animals, andtheracebetween GRENADA. MISSISSIP-PI, AND ..,-
"the scraw' that breaks the camels back" and rub the clothes to have a euds.which them is very close, they tun shoulder to T'. ..
OurI IZ R Yon Foks...nr

to get rid of that dut, shut your eyes does .not run off as it does on some shoulder as a iace, th,:igh sometimes Breeds Prize Winning -
and let it lie., boards; then -a spring protector at the one dog may be more intelligent than .- ,
Do wvh'at is neceseary for comfort, but toprests against you as you wash, which the horse around him. or again, a cer- Plymonth Rocks. Wyandottes, Brown -, '
if you will lop'off-all'the unnecessaaries, keeps you perfectly dry. This is a valu- lain horisemay prove smarter than any Leghorns and Bronze Tnrkeys. Wj u .T 1 T /.1 1S .3.. 1- O .,""
the concessions to iftrs. Grundy, there able invention. We- know that the dog he copies in contact with. .. -- 7'ia-'-_"
will be no trbubleto thin out ybur work. Home Circle does not give addresses, It is a certaintliug that a horse uses GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE AT ALLTIMES. I 20 West Bay Street, X'aelkonvile, rIa.. ...
"'"Once upon -'a '-time" iour gratid- but perhaps they will send for the cihcu- hisbrain to think witli, and "eason the '".. .. I handlebonebuttheBestand Moat.Relable Seluds.. Mynewcatalogne wili be Bentree otnap-.
mo-her saw.a-.d told the incident) a fire lars of the board, the same as the churn. "why and wheiefoi"e. of. things, and I EGGS IN EAON plcatio. Also Woele Dealer I. -. .- ...-. -
: .- broheout, in a country .town, two or [Yes, this we will do, and those inter- hope my 3oung couiins will remember Won all the Leading Prizes at .the ii...iii.. ".. u l -_ Ua.__ Cp...rl-F.a ." .
--three houses were burned -many others esied. may send to us, wiih stamp, for thi, aini always be kind and gentle to Nortbh KisissippI Poultry Show at Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Grts, Meal, Bran, Wheat, Ground Fed, Screenings1 '-
:. were indidanger: .-Inthe-midst of the ex- the same. --We desire to asast our read-, houses, as well asallother anoials. They '" Water Valley, Feb. 9 to l2, 1857. ... Cotton Seed JMeal, Etc. -_._,.' -, .
o ._ citement an. oJd.lady,.Aunt.Pasey, she ers-in'every possible way and to lighten can tell the diffetente between a harsh Farmers wlahl-.-to Improve theIr stock can ..... :-._:. _:- : -' -'-.- -.- :.- "
w-as .ad.--'- rn--.outrd_..-it rom one of-.ihhe tlieihburdns.-but it j8 uot.bur.o~bject to; -yojce an4aa.kiu-d vo.c'e,.ju.st as w~e.U ase get SPEOIAL BAIwSuoA of me _I.oAO.Ia' q i -.- J- "- .: .'-- ,,.j -"-' :" -- ";: .. ....
.::::=. Athreat'd_ded.de~lln,..bea~itg _u~nder o~ae :assist :rd~a~dver~liaera,'- 'who,'ad-.r-'bi-g. ,anwTperson..- ..... "-- ..... ="-: "' --" '.' _, _. ..... ".. '. -='. "-ST'ATE AGE.MT^O.B"-Xn^;^:.-,::^, '.^..^^ ^.'

-farm-aoafi- ld cracked toilet fpitcherb 'under enotigal~an"ofdlaouigh to take care-of To siboyott how. they.,.'eaon F-atbout ..L-I -l_-SS 'ITollDab.tor'j, t r .: ,.-_ ;. ,..-<04-o-.o.^r ,I'-^14^'4^^^ -*._"
thrsat: ed dwellings bearing-.. under. o. e asis n.i..adet.sets -h -ie-- b.ig 'an pet- -eon..- -.,-+- ---about- ... :" ";,"r r+-..DI-a._luz erbi,,-:e.-' '-,--,t-, -
th.e.. .th_.other.tthe bastnbelonging. toit. she' themsdvelves^_ED.'-]' e spdi stamp tor things', I ftlrtel'.'ou a t tci t-r.ofary.of a J san. Books'-.'-R--.- ... *... : *- ,..' OT. -.rt :"B :c .--;.,-
_-. ran-h-ere and there,.at-lastdarted across, the c rcuJa-:of the-.Wonder cburn.W.e ho~ r e thte -Delo _Qged-po our neighael- onurfor uaealgg...'a., P"ce'-a freUAe.Nor A.ATI.BD tAlySi--Comr IOrlange!L'eoandY-g ta ..
,7- ).,tbe-. .-spet"', and- set her..precious load have no cows at. present as Floirdia a- borS. ie was a smart.-animal; but. a wrliteorwants. ... .. .. .. .- -Bone, Miate ot Pots,+S"-lpbate.oita.ii..t..._,.
-+--down on our grandmother's.door-step tives-seeed-to be too mucl hIke con- naughty dne as 'ou willsees though I Pelee pienlron ithis paper. Prices on Appiscation- .... -. -... -i'. ..
i ,,ir-- ~ -1 f. . ...-- -- .- .. -. ~ -- :o , : '=.' -. ? -, : -_ _-. ."-

"---.. .. -: ... --- . -.- .. .. .. .--.--- ... .. -- -.--+ .. '.---:., -
.. .2 '::':.L-_.: - + g ": m -n P Ii :-" --'" --- : : Y"--" """ '




Two Cases of Rumenotomy and
For the Farmer and Fruit Grower.
CURVn, Tenn., August 8, 1887.
Dr. D. L, Phares:
DEAR SIR:-The Jersey cow I wrote
you that we cut and took the clover
out of her paunch, is well and sound,
and has a heifer calf eight -:days old.
We are of course very proud of her re-
covery. Since then we cut a native cow
and took sixty pounds of oats out of her.
She is also well. We are under many
obligations to you, indeed, for your val-
uable information. I. W. L.
To render the above more intelligible
to the reader, we give a few points in
the history of these interesting cases.
In June we received a letter stating that
a herd of cattle having been put on a
clover field, just thirty minutes by the
watch, twenty of them were promptly
and severely siezed with hoven. A stick
was secured across the mouth to keep it
open and allow gas to escape. Most of
them were relieved. However, twoHol-
stiens s ere soon dead, and a Jersey at
about the last gasp. Being held up by
men, a knife was plunged through skin,
muscles, and stomach at its posterior,
superior portion. Gas escaped and.some
clover was removed with the fingers.
The cow was due to calve about the first
of August, which she dilkas seen by the
above letter.
We instructed how to remove the gas
with trocar and canula in other cases
that might occur, also where and how to
preform rumenotomy, and how to treat
the cow that had been "cut." The
paunch (rumen) and abdominal wall at
the sight of the -incisions remaining in
co-operation grew together, and for
some weeks portions of food passed out
through the artificial opening, which
finally closed.
Notwithstanding our urgent caution
not to allow stock access to luxuriant
vegetation and specially when wet with
dew or rain, one month after the occur-
rence of the first lot of cases, cows.were
turned on oats one day; next day it
rained, and the next, they were again
put on the: oats. The second cow men-
tioned in above letter, suffered so that
she could be saved only by cutting open
the rumen. A large incision was made,
and, with the hand carried into the
paunchb. -ixty pounds of oats were taken
out. The cow seemed desperately ill
and exhausted for several hours. This
was not the effect of the surgical pro-
cedure, but of the bloat; which it re-,
lives. This cow, as shown, was soon
entirely well.
The operations for relieving: hoven are
simple, not very dangerous, and afford
perfect, permanent reEef. For.puncture,
note a line from the lower end of the
last short rib, to thie point of the hip.
At a point a little anterior'to the middle
of this line and a little above it, plunge
in the trocar covered with its canula, or
sheath, into the paunch. Withdraw the
trocar, or stiletto, leaving the sheath.
The gas instantly escapes w' hen the tr6-
car is withdawn. The tube may be left
in place .ome hoi.uts. that gas still form-
ing-may escape. When removed the
puncture in rumen, abdominal wall, and
skin close, and a little tar to cover the
puncture, is all the treatment that is
In all ca-?e, however, a, stout stick
should be fastened across the mouth,
bridle-like to keep it open till relieved.
In a majority of cases no other treat-
met is needed.
For cutting, begin some two or more
inches above the point where puncture
would be made. Cut down xrard through
that point and below the line mention' ,-1
above, making the inci-ion luin, einou-h
to admit the hand. Cut tiwrougb the
skin first, then down to the lining.
Then puncture this at the upper limit,
introduce a grooved director or two fin-
gers between the rumen aund lining to
prevent cutting the rinmen, cut the lun-
ing (peritoneunm i whole lengthri of cut
.already made in flesh. Then make a
small incision in the rumen which pro-
trudes, letting out the gas, WVith a
strong thread fasten the rum4n With one.
stitch on each side, to th,- abdominal
wall. Now continuee thei.ienig iu the
rumen till as large as that ih the wall or
till Lthe ihandJ can be in-erte'd. Spteadl a
piece of cloth in the li l,wt part of thelie
wound,. t)o prevent subst-iu,:-es getting.
between paunchand wall. Ate emptv-
ing the pauneh cf all hiardl sub-Atances
and most of the soft, remove tihe cloth,
cleanse the wound, blrin together the
cut 6dges of the stomacil and is'w to-
gether by whipping, as the ladies call it.
using a cirbolized cat gut thread. This
thread, a, the stomach heals, ai:'s,.3orIds
and leaves no _,ource for future troubIle.
Theni-vlose the external wound with in-
terrupted sutures an inch or more apart,
dress with tar plaster. Feed tor oome
days mostly on mashes, gi.ndually adding
tender grass, steamed bay, coming
finally to lull regular feed.
Cat gut is best for dewingr tbestomach.
silver wire for the wound rnu skin and
wall Silk. however, may be used for
both.'. P.

Dairymen's Advice.
Butter keeps best in a dark place.

Light creates germs-a fungoid growth o BREA E H..R.E OF KICKING..
that spoils the product.-.-The room should ...
be as dry-free from moisture asp-apsi Handia kicking horse in the forehead,
ble.- Dampness is ge.ieralLv accom- and from thence everywhere except his
panied byunhealthOddor-that-quickl legs.a pd tee.t. Then _le. .up:one of his
finds its way to the butter and spoQs it. fore iegs-.no matter which; handle him
In packing butter,have your cloth fit. gently alu over, a'and descend by degrees
around over the top surface smoothly to his teet, always speaking to him : he
and evenly; pour on some water and will let vou'handle them in a few tnin-
then sprinkle over-some salt-, Thia will utes. Untie his foreleg and go th!trugli
form an's-rt thvt- -iillhel to keep Out the same c eremony::After nepeatngth
atmospheric influence. You want to ex- operation two or three times, be will let
elude the air as much possible.- any onehandle his feet with thegreatest
Butter packed solid in tubs will keep ease imaginable.
much better than that shipped in prints. .
There is not so much surface, exposed to .,=..-Tennessee capitalists have been pros-
the air. .' pbctinght DeFuniak'Springs and the vi-
A writer in an exchange.-says pump- cinity, intending build a set of.'mills,-


-, I I :
kins fed to dairy cows makes butter of
superiorr flavor. Pumnpkins are easily and
cheaply raised here in the South.
If you are a dairyman, please do not
allow your hay to mature too much be-
fore cutting or you will lose by it. Early
cut hay for milch cows. You may not
secure so large a bulk but you secure
better quality-you cannot afford to
sacrifice quality to bulk.
The Dairyman would advise skimming
just before the milk begins to sour.
There is nothing gained by waiting till
acidity appears in the milk, and much
damage is done through permature sour-
ing of the cream. For some time before
the milk shows any sour taste it has
commenced to thicken and that stops all
cream rising, and for the sake of flavor
in the butter, the cream had better be
skimmed. Then again there is a loss in
the feeding value of the skin milk if we
allow it to sour before skimming. It is
for these two reasons in the main that
we prefer deep setting of the milk.-Ex.

How Treated by Mr. Powell's
We present below some further extracts
from Mr. Powell's "Tachyhippodamia,"
now being republished- in the Southern
Live Stock Journal. We presume more
depends on the man than the method.
One man might fail and another succeed,
and the latter not succeed so readily as
Mr. Powell could.
Put a halter (of that kind which Span-
iards call a jaquima, used to ride young
horses ; it goes over their ears, comes
down and crosses their nose, and has a
throat-latch to it) upon your horse, so
strong that it cannot be easily broken,and
tie it to a tree so small that it will bend a
little if the horse pulls with all his
strength. Scare him. Run up before
him. .Give him even a- light stroke or
two with the whip, speaking to him to
be quiet whenever he pulls up on the
rope. In a short time he will see that it
is impossible for hinmto-break it; and by
exercising him twice a day for half an
hour each day, in about a week he will
no longer pull upon the halter when you
scare him, and consequently will stand
still afterwards when hitched by the
When your horse is harnessed and put
before the plow, and you find it impossi-
ble to drive him forward, either by gen-
tle or rough means, drive down a strong
stake or post at the very place where he
stops. Let it be so strongthat he cannot
break it by pulling. Then put a rope
upon him equally strong; tie him rather
short.' Take out your watch, if you have
one; if not, look at the sun. Let him
remain in this position for twelve hours
without eating or drinking. If the days
are short, I woull advice .ou to tie him
a little before sunset and let. him remain
all night. .Go to him, untie him aud
then speak to him to go on. Hewillunu-
douhtedly advance. Make him plow
ti'- or three rounds; then unharness
him and give him something to eat, af-
ter having watered him, and put him
again in the plow; should he stop again,
do with him as at first and let him stand
nine or ten hours. It is rare that you
have to repeat the operation; almost all
horses g,: after the first time they have
bxeen titus managed. ,
A horse that is apt to kick up ought to
be dealt with in the following manner:
Put upon him a pack saddle, if you hae
onie; if nobt, something as nearly it as
possible. Take two bags and put one
hundred and twenty-five pounds of saud
in ea(h. if your hotse is a common sized
one. Girt to'tiem.or bit)d them very tiiht,
iu euch a manner that no effort of the-
h.u-e can throw them off. Have atn-
other horse prepared at, hand rind ,Eome
one mounted ou him to take hold of the
rope of the vicious boise thle momeut he
i-h loaded with the sand. Let him stait
off, with another horseman blehlil with
a goo,'di -rhip in ilis hand ; au- the more
he kiks up, let him whip him tile nimore:
or. in otler w,:,rdE, let him whip him
every time he kicks up. Let himn tr:rt
on' tuus about ten or fit'ren nilles, at
the end of which. take off his load and
let -ome one get ininiediatlh upon him
ani trot back with ti- same speed. Af-
tel having exercliug ]hiu thus
for two are thiee limet. It is not co-rn-
] ll u tl t a bor;-' ,.ill ever 1 i'.:k up
again, .
TI t: Ii : oli-'-rn- that if the horse
sh,,Ml.d kkick up -irhli the load .iff, at tilhe
end ,of tet miles or mo:-re, malie biro' go
at leact threi- mile after he has Ceased
kiclkin, up: lut it iL t Ur 0 un1ommwon
for a bL'irse .t hisickupafter thei first three
or four miles. If lie $l'-ouid appear a lit-
tie tired, you can regulate thie dintanee,
ia,,re or I L'-i. riud vie vet sa. I beii v-
thii to I.e thle most infallible remedy
kn.-,wn wvitlihou: exp:,.iujg oue' self.
There are other remedies which [uon,
hut good horsemen can put in practice;
but I n-iite for every cla-s of men that
ride .:' iihorseback., whetherdoctors, law-
yers or-priests,- farmers or mel. giants.
If this advice shouid ive a few uecks
from e-tting brok-en. I shall feelgratfied
-and still nlore so ifa,n enlightened and.
generous pu'biic should -encoura'ge the
sale of this useful little book. which I
have written for my ownu good and

Dull. br-arv herdnci-be, obstruction of the nfasal passages, dis-
chbargEs fallin- from tne bead Mt,) the 'throat. sometimes pro-
fuse, water., and acrid, at ottr.,rs. thick, tenac-ioius, mucous,
purulent, bloody and outrid: tme eyes are weak, watery, and
inlaned; taere is rnving in tne ears., deafness., backin- or
couching to cl-ar the tinoat. expectorattion or olffnsJ'e matter,
t.,g-'thir w-th scabs from uaicer; the voice iM changed and baa
a nasal twang: the breath is offensive: smell andia taste are im-
paired: there is a 6enoanon of dizziness, with mental depresloO
a nacidng coughb and general debiLty. However, only a few o0
tee above-named symptoms are likely to be present in any one
.ae. Thousands oi cases annually, without manifesting half of
thn above symptoms. result m consumption, and end in the
rave. No disease is so common, more deceptive and dangerous,
esas understood. or more unsuccessfully treated by physicians.
By its mild, soothing, and healing properties.

Catarrh, Oold in the Head," Coryza, and Oatarrhal Headache.

wmc :... .-*._-...
"* '* "L '_

The Pig Pen Nuisance.
Col. Dennett, of the New Orleans Pic-
ayune, discourses of a rather unsavory
subject as follows: -
'A pig pen is generally planted at' a
convenient distance from every farmer's
kitchen. A pig or shote, is imprisoned
in his pen as a means of converting the
scraps and odds and ends of the kitchen
and garden and dairy into pork. The
pig pen is often about six or seven feet
square and made of twenty-five or
thirty rails, a ground floor under foot,
and the blue or clouded sky for a shel-
ter. The miserable convict has no straw
for a nest, and his swill trough is a model
of inconvenience and filth. The swill
and dirt and pig's feet and nose convert
the ground floor into mortar. Heavy
rains make it soft enough for the habita-
tion of mudfish.
The sorching suns of summer convert
this prison into a pest hole, and nearly
roast the prisoner alive. The vile odors
of the simmering swill, buttermilk, clab-
ber, mud and rain, and the solid and
liquid manure furnished by the pig,
shot or hog, extends often to the kitch-
en and dwelling house and poisons the
atmosp iere like the upas tree. And yet
many such prisoners fail to take the
hog cholera and the farmers' children
often escape diphtheria and the family
does not always take the typhoid fever.
Another style of farmers' pig pens is a
box made of inch plank, about four feet
wide and six or seven feet long, and four
or five feet high, plank floor, elevated a
foot above the ground, cracks in the bot-
tom to let the filth through, and no roof
or straw. One definition of salamander
is a "large poker." Another should be
added-the small kitchen porker- Such
a porker could bathe comfortably in
water hot enough to boil potatoes, and
go to sleep in an oven that would roast
beef or bake beans.
A couple of pigs, raised on kitchen
slops, et6., will eat and waste in twelve
months swill, bread crumbs, vegetables,
milk, clabber, etc., sufficient to feed a
pretty good flock of clean, nice chick-
ens that will have their liberty and
leave no filth behind, create no disease,
and establish no pest spots. Chickens
will eat anything that a hog relishes,
and thrive on it. Besides chickens,
turkeys, ducks, etc., may have all that
the hog gets in his pen and a great vari-
ety of food besides; grass, bugs, worms,
seeds, fruit, etc. Chickens can range in
the corn field, orchard, truck patch and
even in the field of oats, doing but little
harm and much good in destroying bugs,
worms and the enemies of field crops and
fruits. A hog cannot be allowed such
A hog is naturally a decent animal and
likes clean quarters and a clean bed, but
to confine him on thirty or forty square
feet of grounder plank floor, with no
chance to keep himself decent, he loses
'his self respect and decency and lays
down in his filth in the hot sun in
swarms of flies and armies of vermin and
in a foul atmosphere, with a. comfort-
able hoggish grunt; for a hog is;much of a
philosopher and makes the best 'of his
"manifest destiny." Confine chickens,
a calf, a sheep, or even'a neat housekeep-
er, in a box or rail pen, like a hog, and
see how their quarters would look in a
month' or a year. We have abolished
the kitchen pig pen on our farm never
to be re-established by the writer, and
our chickens are having a good time of it
and give us no.trouble.
The picture we have drawn of the
farmer's kitchen pig pen is no fancy
sketch. We have seen hundreds of such
pens and such miserable prisoners on

Sheep Cough.

tt 1 it Siscrapsof meat, vegetables and refuse
P oultr a from the table, boiled all together and
a u, .d_.nd-- ~ 'capital morning food, especially in the 0
Kerosene in the Poultry Yard. winter. .
The many uses that kerosene may be The increase in size of the chicks, and 0
put to in the poultry yard, make it almostI the consequent necessity for more room,
and indispensable article to be charged is a source of danger that few beginners
to the expense account, and no other ar- are able to avoid. .This is particularly
tidle will so enhance the profit of the the case in sections of country bordering
poultry yards as kerosene diligently and on or near by the sea coast, where the
intelligently used. For painting the in- nights are always much cooler than the
side of nest boxes for setting Leut,:. there days, and the young broods are apt to
is nothing equal to it, as it ruiy-rl killA huddle too closely and too many in a
all vermin with which it comes in con- .place, to keep warm, thus increasing the
tact, and prevents other vermin from liability of taking cold in the morning-
entering the nest until it is entirely a condition that carries off m...r in,.:AI-
evaporated, which, if the crude oil is than any of the diseases tliat chii.kl, 7die
used, will give the hen ample time to subject to.-Ex.
batch her brood. A few drops in the ----"+----0" a- n
drinking water occasion allyd has a Tallahassee has another cotton agency.
good effect on the general health .of the --- rr r ~
flock, and for colds or roup there is noth- 1D)Uij0 M|e 0\ l
ing better if carefully applied. Scaly | UL Lr\ I \
leg may be cured by simply wetting the i TRADE J ,
legs of the fowls affected occasionally, M \. AR -
and the crude oil is best in this case also, .. ^ \^
as it takes a much longer time to evapo- -r ,- ( '
rate. When the crude oil is not readily V O "
obtained, some kind of heavy oil or 0c, ClE IN TIl..S.
grease should be mixed with the kero- "-=_ .
sene to stay evaporation. As a remedy
for cholera it has been highly recom- Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
mended.-Rural Californian. Rats arp smart, but "RouGnhON RATS" beats
them.. Clears out Rats, Mice. Roaches, Water
Bugs, Flies,.Beetles, Moths, Ants, Mosquitoes,
Poultrv Notes. Bed-bugs, Insects, Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
Skunks. Weasel, Gophers, Chipmunks, Moles,
Never feed meat ral,. Cook it. Musk Rats, Jack Rabbits. Squirrels. lEc. & 2c.
Ten eggs are enough for a small hen. E
Rusty nails or iron in the drinking wa- H 'a L IC E -
ter forms a strengthening tonic. "ROUGH ON RATS" is a complete preventive
and destroyer of Hen Lice, i. ix a 25c. box of
Sunflower seed produce a fine luster to "RouGaH ON RATS" to a pail of whitewash,
the plumage, and are. used by many ex- keep it well stirred up while applying. White-
hibitors wash the whole interior of the Hennery; inside
and outside of the nests. The cure is radical
Fowls will eat a great deal of granu- and complete. OTATO U
lated charcoal. As a preventive of disease For Potato Bugs, Insects on
it is invaluable. i + "Yiso. Shrubs, Trees, 1 pound ,
Woi i- contents of a $1.00
Work quietly and gently among your ,bor r"Ronen i A $
2t =.box of "ROUGH ON .Ts1 fAgi
fowls. Never allow them to become /f cultural Size) to be thormghly '
frightened. Never allow a stage dog d mixed with one to two barrels
on theP place.lr lof plaster, or what is better air
on theplace. slacked lime Much depends
Early, late and often, is the proper rule upon thorough mixing, so ai.
to be observed in the feeding of young to completely distribute the Toison. Sprinkle
iv on plants, trees or shrubs when damp or
poultry, Do not forget that young chicks wet, and is quite effective v.L., m.-_1 .Irh '
are infants. lime, dusted on without m.-.tur, Whdile in
Mix ,.arbolic acid with whitew.-h its concentrated state it i rt, i,:nc-t ,acrive
M an-i rc. :r :".f ill B-ic P.,.-t;: rbl, air.]
when w.illite- a living vo0ur chic6iiu a L,,t:.-r- -, <:,mp3Lrariri->- hamlsee t, ani.
hotise, as it will s.rve to make th wash-i.li aii.,:-r p. r-.:;, ,i aiiy Qug rti trcEy wuld,
mure effective against vermin. r.-. .: it -,rlttr.:,t.---l inar,, *,.I-o r,:.rn.a tabie
E V,. A IU.'O u :" -,,full Cr.. npr,-, "Pvc-c n Ct P,.iis,"
Onions form an ea xc-llent .ubt.titite P.:.-.'.,:r, -.ll s.inko. in a k-e- of tar.-r and
for gticelt f,-e,,l. at"'3tr-c'.r i-i-s s l r' ,ri:'lD in a ,.r.,nkni,r, :---i Frra syiece
for g ie n' rood. .r ",T|,;, |i,'.,.r .I, ,ilJ ,e f:.uD, Te r "flc.r p.
highly r-liihiedI by them. Iti peppry.v K-I. it 'vell tiarel up whdi oun u ,*..j oy y
taste rn laktes it ii-hlv l:,.uetiecial. _i Li-uc2,t- a.i Sirork-lt.E'- rs ,r .. Lce l.
.A mash coni ,l st ,,toto E S. WCLL.c.. L'uniat,J.Tr-,y CuiT N d.
.A miash conipuii-d ot F':itito j(.ai iijg;1' .- |

^r"!^ r?^ THE OLlRIGINAL


PELLETS.^ ^^t^^
SAlways ask for Dr.' Paerce's Pellets, or Little
d Sugar-coated Granules or Pills.

BEING ENTIRELIY VEGETABLE, Dr. Pierce'm Peliets operate -iithout disturbance to the System,
diel, or occupation. Put tip iu glass vials, lhermcHletilly eaJed, AJways fresh and reliable. As a
LAXATIVE, ALTER-ATI'E, or" PURGATIVE, these little Peilels give lihe mot- perfect satisfaction.

ttIrl"O' -. Ii[.: : "I 7 rn u lvd w-Ith noaE for
<@$l"O ? !'K HEADA CHE. r.ltll7l'1 Icln', 'mfa I i" 16,-:.t wajE- I t.oual] i r'i:.'b,.tt!:8.
ItI d 't. y yi s. Fr P.. ---ers a, Ll A' 6( Indtted wits.

Bilionus Ieadatlie, DizZiueBs, Cou1-
? llpatioll, llid d igelioLL. Biljioas
S AtlacEks. ,itill Osr iiumJ':ilir' *. itl'-T
E-r:,m-a,?u .ini tn -.i's,:. are- pro-iptiv r> lie-',:-d
-' an-,i c--irn-na-,nr-[ cuor-dii t" li ute, -i ,t Dr.
Pn.rP':r F, r Futhi- Pui fcatiir Po-liets. In l::;-
S Fljana:D, :.i El --'ulrntjid prWcr o, thcc"
Pillers ,i-.i ,, g-i-it a vari.cy ot discat1 ..
it ra7 truthfullr be said t.ut tih,-ir i':.ton uroi trn e y6t:-,ni -S
r',vt,.rs,'d.. natc a ilard ,"-r t_.--: r ,'. s- pnii-* tr,-,r sanatiTe induen- :':..
Sli,, tby ,1rucists. f,',r Tents a i-al. Mnu['t-:tur-di rt treCh..n-
ial Luar,.raur-ry ofi WORLD'S DiI- .PCSA.RYt MEDIC.. AsSOlTLOtN.
Buffajo, N. Y.

,B '.'-_,g c t D r. .': e Ple.tciat t rulgarive Fl Il. an lut.L'u.
i-. j.:- PetJt after ,,acn m i-r j ttill ail were ffon-. By
th.t tin",: I ai -i lii- ,":.is. andN oe had- nc.-n., sinw. I baave alo
r[,. ,r. tr -u1bl--, tVttLi 6:l Ki ib -'iB-aae Whe, I fel it c(--,minir oi.
I taLe OnC or t.vo 'Pllcts,' and &m rch-ie-io c-f the aeadiaue."
_LS i "C. W. BRowir, of Ma). a7orit,ta, Ol:.,
THEa BEST Ia,: "Your 'Pleasant Purgativ.-- Pvilts' are
Sihwabout qu,ston the beht cathartic ever
CATHARTIC 1,.'1i-. 'They are ai6o a most efficient reme-dy
for tcorpor of the lirer. We hare used them
for years inm our famity, and keep them in
t1l.: h b.-us all the time."

ItProf. W. HAiSNER.. the famous d3iesfer-
UNTOiL AGOlNY tat, of Ihthaco, N. F., writes:' "Some tn
UIULNTO L Dyears ago I suffered. untold agony, from
FRM O HTIHDDU chbronic nasal catarrtb. My.family pb"ys-.
um Ulnlllll. |lu nci gave me up as incurable, -and said"
FROMn must die. eMy case was such khbed 'one,
that every day, towards sunset. my voice would becomes hose
I could barely speak above a whisper. In the morningmyc ou.h-
ing and clearing of my throat would-almost strangle me.; -iy y &I
use of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, in three mont.s,.I'wsa wel .'
man, and the cure has been permanent."' .
m301 TAoAS J. RutsIMo, Esq.,'E900. Pine S!reet" "
I CONSTANTLY i Loui o., wite: was a great' suf.
uunoinni er from {^ atarrh tor three. yeits. .At
HAWKING AND times I could hardly breathe, and was con,- -
IIHM. stantly hawking add spitting, and .or the i" '
S.Dl'lMl n last etght months could not breathe.thr'ug'
1 Nll n l hthe nostrils. I thought nothing, could be
Sdone for me. Lucidly, I .w ,..advised, to,.t7
Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, and I am nov a'well man. 1 be-!,
lieve it to be the only sure remedy for .atarrh now n _*unaifito -.
tured, and one has only.to give it a- fair trial toexperoince '
astounding results and a permanent cure." ." ..-.:-'it,;1,.'-
ATARRI. E Ba w u n -:.O:.Oo ...rlu Ob '-"'
TuRI I i RnTT I l I Pa.,Bays: "My diaugsterbad .catar ,'l. hin..* ,- -
I DI.I"LK5p~bu I'sDe was five years _od, _vrr,_adly.. ,-
GIOR 0'.it -u I Dr. Sage's Cat.arr.h Remedy ae e, an : ... _,
SuRE. w |, p~roured a bottle for,- 'beraitD'.b"- ... "
CU. Iffihat it helped lher; a thirdbottle" ."eeted "
a eii. 9.nt,, core. She its now elghteen..years old and.oud' .-.d .
a n.o heart.." .. "- ," .. .. v ." -
a v,
' .-' .- -l.Lr-,.'r. ..- _.I."-..: .* e
.... ~ 9. -,.
= E l. .-- .
s. ., ,



-"" .

Bees and Queens.
Orders wlll-be.booked rion- ifor d.l'-ery dur--
ng Ar.,il, May ur Jinr.-, o 1ny iuperlh.r ra.:.e
of pure .. :.' '

Italian BeOS andi Qaens:: "
Queens by umali a sp-cialty.
Give me a trial order
For.pricesoront r I i:.ri-m ,ri on. address -
H. C. HART, .
Eustis, Oratnge Co,., Fla.-

.Job pri ti

,r.. r' ,.. C.r. .:i -',AF i AV.: UI.
Aliclite ts & Civi1 Elfinle,.
Pl.,'i- I. .r
I A.I.A. -.N .I Y EN,.INEERINt-,,&c.
P 0. ox784. Romn, 7 -ind'.,l P:Im-t.,Biok

INTAN1: li.
A tenant who understands the rearing and
-:-l'lp ( ':'[ f n',i,(' L ft ,- :1:. irr ,r it, t', -'lin ti -
ti I ",' r i.t i ,ii n 'l '.,! Ii-..- LO ".k : o rn 61n1 i B ,?" L
:l l] /II'i.],',:l; I 'l u't *i':-*it ifif -ifil pr,',Jctr .:.f"
aL, :' r !a.n a,6 1,,i '~il .,a n .',:-: A njr.'tn '>f Itr rv:i, ,.,r* thl'ce
",,.*,',- I!fl ;' ,. n. ,,'r. -'lL r,,ul i b.:il tl fra ,I t',i M ,'l k .,ill
i..:l l ,'.I t l.l i :' ,. l r!.'i Sr . L,- .i l'l'il'.h [ rjtl 'I" l[ ',; 111h ,
J,'l, n ,i .:, t[ M li- r.Il':t, It 1.1.
It i'...: -i i,. ,, I J. -H. VIEh .'

Fancy Poultry aU Hnutiua z JoSL
Eg-4 F...r H:iriiatdi Fri,.io Le-dirg Va-
rite-e- ,ft Eome-ti,:ated Laudi
aul Wat'er Fowl.
--*1 PER. 13.--
Al.:'Tlr.. h:.i.uh ,'i-,i Y-,:,tuif Siet cl. *nri H,',iuniJ-.
Allli,.- VILL, Z% .'.A PeiLTRT l-i. J,
MSan q- E. kIa.
4; e n? r J l ':v r r .: u l .i r i; i nu. rr ,. u ii Li i a 5 B ': ,, r "
bis.r.'.rr .:,[ Pe- '.'i_ i. ,.il 'e ,O FI I, Air bmt1%
M1^ [':' lilt u I c
J. P. DeP-PAS.
Ar.: ar, Fia.

A correspondent of the Southern Live
Stock Journal writes for advice in the
following case and receives an answer
from Dr. Phares: .
DtAR.SIR-My sheep are not in good
health. Mlany of them have a kivid-of
cough. I have tried tar.on their noses
aud clhanging pasturage without much
benefit. Williyou Lini:ly tellne what to
do for them
ANZWER-Put good pine tari in-holel-, .f
the I1 i1t log3. ptt on the tar, sulpt:hur and
salt. 'Thus they w-ill -,vallow muchtar
which they rather ielish. Itis tonic for
sheep. You m'tl al ridd a little piowdeied
sulpliate of iron with t.enefit. Keep on
.short gr-.s-tlhtey iieve-r Ihrive on tall
grass, o:i utatter h-now nice or good. If
you could ha' e tim % here thieie ire pine
hushies. titei lk..: toi, nil.ble ti-:s' ,r,-i ale
vcrv much l, -nttted. P.

To Tell the Age ot Egg's.
le':,m m,-u'.l the ril,,wing ll.ii',':> ci
i .v h ilhi ba- i beeu l;.nu.iAL tf.-r souic time,
tut I,0 ,been forgot toon i fOr ftiudiu out
the age of egns, auil di-tingui-ihirg tlit,-se
that dre tiesh fio m thoce ftht ai-e not.
TPis meth':'d is 36.1ed upou the,'ie,'reas,,
in thie density- off eggs as they gi-',w -Ad.
'iisolve tw-o o.n.is of l:it,:cheu ;salt in
a pint of -- water. When ai frteiL laiJ egg
is p.laced in this solution it will di,-eud
t tlie Ibottoni of thil.- vessel, while one
that has been laid ou thie lay previous
will not quite reach the bottom.
If thie egg be- three dajs old it :will
s6'i utin thie liquid, and if it is niiore ilthan
three dia'vs old it wilt floaton the surface,
and pro_.ect ajove tlie latter more aud
more in proportion as it is older.-La
Nature. .. .
The-Ehepherd should keep up his ac-
quaihtance'with his flock and carefully
look them over as often as he sees them.
to note thie condition of every individual
member, and a!'piy ny needded aid or
remedy that sickness or- accident may
callj.for. .
1. T
--Yes, yes, "Hotel Punta Gorda" has
had every room engaged for six weeks,
and Mr. Swan has been asking for 1"0
more tb'be built'-'at; once. Not only is
that trie but all the smaller hotels are
brim full of- engagements. The Cleve-
land hotel has its capacity-running over
with promises, as-well. as St. James and
Grove City-on the on the-Gulf'- The rush
to Charlotte Harbor this winter will sim-
ply be immense.-Trabue Beacon.



have what he-wishes for. I believe that do you. not int -end Beauchamnp to marry 'Beauchamp held"lhe door open 'for her.. felt that it would be a real satisfaction to
Woher, adt t-. bt Lady Mildred and he are attached to each your sister?" me .Io. ard _a r "We are to have a ride this atternooo, are me to see him Iuocked .down, and I
-11en ? er- i s egry thought that, if I mad e great heste, T
lo ary~ .* 141C -4(f110Tn#+-^ Iij-**- (y'M .. other, ad', that being so, I -hope they -will I have. mentioned already that Brack- We not?"7 I heard- him ask eagerly.. t`og7 that.-; ifa to arrie irea htie. As
-ssfr..- .- stand up for themselves and marry." nell's manners: hadldeteriorated. He "Of course we are," she answered,.might just manage to arrive in time. Aa
.A STRICTLY iRISH BREED OF IAT- TH E ETn BOYS, I fully expected that this audacious frowned heavily and asked me what tho, "Didn't you promise to take me out p? it tuirned out, ..reached the front door
-A ISTRICTLY IRISH BREED OF CAT- THREE ETON Iharangue would call forth an explosion of devil that was to me-: And then, turning to the other, "Monsieur with Sevr131l minutes to spare. From the
TE, THE -HARDY KERRY, wrath; but my expectations were not ftl- "I-,ill tell you," I answered. "Yott de Vieuzac, I anm going to be very selfish, flight of step whch leduptoit could.
BY, W. E. NORRIS. filled. Lord Staines only sighed wearily must admit, I think, that you haven't'b9- and make y,,ou jJoin us; You will have to descry the riders, who, perhaps, hadcmade
. .A Cheap Stump_.Puller" for Effective I and said: "God knows I care little enough haved very well to Jim*Leigh","I-- tear yo,,uri.elf a-.vay from the, partridges a detour, aproachiLg at a foot's pace,
..A -A Commp Sen 10 o -- for money or lands now I My time is al- "Good Lord!" interrupted Bracknelli and :,be n tim e ,tor luncheon." and presently I had the honor of assi-tiug
orf---A Common Sense Talk on Ia- C most up, and I suppose Bracknell will be "are you going back to that. old story The Fren,:hiianr raised his eyebrows Lacly Braeckrell to dimmr-,nt.rI
nres--The New Potato leaf Tomato CHAPTER XII. the last of our name. Against Leigh I again?- Why, man, I made him an apol- slightly itrl bowed, murmuring some- She .toofd [,;.r n moment, tapping her
Introduced This Season. Everybody expected that the loss of -his haven't a word to say; only, as I told you ogy when he reappeared .in London last thing about. Lady Bracknell's wishes, footv.ith her riding whip, and looking
grandson would be poor old Lord Staines' before, it won't do. Mildred must marry summer! What more would you have? :being law. ; Pos3ibly he'thought that a with ,i.IlI, .oatlinral expre-.sion it the
The Garfield tomato, with its exceee- deathblow. He himself was of that Beauchamp. I am under obligations to I can assure you that I repent from the ride in company with lits rival would not rivals. -A.H revoir," she said, nodding to
-ingly rank, coarse, dark foliage and opinion and at first refused to leave his him which can't be discharged in any other bottom of my heart of having deprived be very o,",I,,i fin. .- : ? them; "Iar.,go:,ingg to lie down tll dint-
.abundant fruit, has proven with many bed, Saying that he had now nothing to way; and he will be a kind husband to her. him of Miss Hilda Turner." As for Be.,tiV.-hamp, he did n,,t atteruDt ner time Then she made a -_car.:el.- per-
.growers a favorite type. The Mikado, live -for. But perhaps, upon further We won't argue the point, if you please." "I don't doubt it," I replied; ."I only to conceal hi-tIz,11 isi t. St Perh'. ps y,:,u will.[ ceptible -.ifcn wth h.:r haud,, to Bcaic:haup,
introduced a year ago, appears to be in thought, he may have remembered that "He will not be a husband of her choos- meant to remind you that you owe him a ride with me iin-eotiher d.ty. If PI'm not. who ran Tp the -tops matter herrand accom-
;some respects, an improvement on the he had still certain matters to attend to ing," I made so bold as to observe, despite good turn. I can't go into particulars, be- wanted I'd just as soon shoot -this after- panted her into the-house. -. .-..
Garfield, but of a somewhat unsettled before quitting a troublesome -world, o! his prohibition, cause we shall have the other men in here noon," he i-%.-, _;Y,,-Imili,g; but the -closhig De Vieuzac- and 'I remained where we
,character and decidedly variable, perhaps he may have been too old and "You don't know what you are talking presently, but.the long and the short of it of the door deprive-, me of the r;-mamder wr,_ I .-ui-'p,'.'i we .o:,thknew thi-.-t L'Pe.-.LI-
worn out to-die of grief. At any rate he about," returned the old man, fretfully, is that Lady Mildred and he are in love of his sentence, as well as of Hilda's re- chnmp w,:onli be ,,uctagain directly. Ard
1\ did not die, nor did his health appear to "The thing must be, and there's no use in with each other." ply. However, it was pretyertaintha& -inee,. t e, h,:,re_ d hLar-Ili' e,.n led
.7 r~ll v\ 2 suffer, although I believe he was neve. discussing it. If you don't see your way "Oh, indeed!" said Bracknell. "Well, he would do what she ordered him. a.vay to ther..tlbe L,ef,.>re beernetie,il anrd
ZftOV seen to smile again after Sunning's little to speaking to your friend, I must speak really, I don't care." whether he liked it or not. .
,\ I d.,... ,,\wh terh.lk d torn t. .. tLe orLi.-
,coffin was laid in the family vanlt at to Mldred, that's all." I "Does that mean," I inquired,-"that After I .was left alone, I spent some "Moi.-ieur .16 \ euzac, -.aid le, ;oi
I 1 1 \ ; Staines court. I said nothing about this conversation to you won'tdoppose their marriage?" five minutes of my valuable time in won-. I'ntd ju:t now that I was a cw_.urd.
llI ,,\ I ,\\ \I t I Lady Bracknell did not appear at the those whom it concerned, and whether "It means," answered he, "that I shall during why Lady Bracknell had asked-De omay I a-k whether that was wb'.Lt YOU
\ 1'. 'tl/',/ funeral. It is believed-or at all events it Lord Staines carried out his intention of" not bother myself about the matter, one Vieuzac to spoil poor B,: iuch.inip'-lt.it-r- ani-art i"- .... I F .
I [{' \[Mm^ was stated-that she felt unable to face so remonstrating with Lady Mildred ornot I .way or the other. Jim had better fight it noon: Were I a lady of great personal T, e Frenchnian s.traighte-ned lhis ba,.r
.- :_ I ii.. I cruel an ordeal; but the truth, as I after- cannot tell. Very likely he did not, for I out with the governor." I attractions, I -should, I dare say, enjoy Ib"rouhr his i,eels together, twirlel nia
ward heard on excellent authority, was fancy that he shrunk from distressing her, I ought, I suppose, to have been con- having several admirers;- but I should riiit-acbic, arLt,] replied: ..You are at. i.n-
-. that she was'afraid to venture within and he may have thought it needless to tented with that. I had not behaved with certainly prefer to take them one at a eLIt., s,r, t-. place any couz.truit,,...,, u!,nI
-------- ---= ---- -2 reach of her husband, who had ordered take active steps before Beauchlamp's re- my usual circumspection in introducing time. That a second niay be found useful, my words that njay rsuit y3o11r pleasure."
POTATO LEAF TOMATO. her away from him immediately after the turn from Norway,. the subject at all, and I had received an as a means of stimulating the ardor of the "In good EngLish, I suppose that ine;-nua
boy's death, assuring her that he was not No news with regard to that event assurance, which, so far as it went, first Ican understand; but- the'object of t.hnt y-,:,u -ar,t. to fight. If you hadi oeen
The best variety of the Garfield type of 'master of himself, and that she would do reached my ears, and it was not until late should have been entirely satisfactory to -keeping them together after that result, %n En=Linhman I should have hit you
-tomato, says one of New Jersey's trust- well to keep out of his sight for some time in the autumn that I was made aware of me. But, being so exasperated wIth has icr, fully chinned is rnot so.eas straight bet neen .athe eyes,- andb it would,
-worthy-horticulturists, in Orchard and to come.- So she took him at his word its'having taken place, by encountering Hilda, and -being also curious to learn discover. -have done you a lot of good;' but as you r
-Garden, is the Potato Leaf, introduced and fled down to the country,-to the house Beauohamp himself at a country house in how far Hilda's absolute lack of principle I did not go out shooting -with -Brack-' a foreigner,. I'mafraid we: can't settle 'it
this season by Mr. Livingstoni, whose skill of I forget what friend, who undertook to the north of England, where I had been was shared by her husband, I must needs nell and the others that morning, nor was t.tat "ay." ... I.. .:' ;
"has given to the public some Of its most comfort her in her affliction. Bracknell invited to spend a few days. It-struck proceed to remark:: I able to put in'an appearance at the .lun- "The metA;" observed De-Vieuziac
popular varieties of tomatoes. The Po- remained in London, and,' as I was told, me that our meeting was not a source of "You once told Lady Bracknell in my clieon i.:our I had, t,: thui my anlmha.1ru e,. sweetly, iermas' a little barbarous,;s. 1;For
tato Leaf, in addition t0' the wonderfully continued to go to his club every day, to unalloyed satisfaction to him. There was presence that you would not permit her e.i-.-v upon -Pr..,p.:.rt,:,n..il Reprec-enta- me, I confess that I ha.e not learned to
-vigorous foliage of ft. t.typo, possesses the gamble heavily and to drink hard. even a sort of shamefacedness in his de- to entice Beauchamp away: from your sis- tion" t..._ The Ecltic Rc\tw, and, :et- box; but with the sword or the pistol I
-advantage of earliness and productive- I called upon him several times, but he meaner which I could not at first account ter. You have changed your mind as to tingtr.y farunicntI into a knot, tow-',rd shall b charmed to hold myself at you
Sness, while its fruit rivals in smoothness was always oout; and one day when I for, but which explained itself at dinnex that, it appears." ` thela,,t a!ci which, I aui.-sorry tosay dispr:st..n. You do not, per.apt, use
"that of the Perfection or Acme. Its shape chanced upon him in the street,the told time, when Lord and Lady Bracknell made Bracknell rose slowly from his -chair, his -noauncomem.o.n expeienceoof miroe w yn t i, ,. Yo u: o o p
is represented in the cut. I me roughly that I need not trouble to look their appearance among several 'other advanced to that in which I was -seated, composing, admirable essaysei, I was "Oh, do:,n't we, thouh!r' returned Beau-
I ------ Is him"up again.n, guests who had arrived late in the after- and placed a heavy hand on each of my cha,ne.d t.:, my desk lintil tbeafternc-,,n champ, with a short iaugh. -I zhiall be
Barnyard Manures. I"Kindlymeant, I've no ddubt," he said; noon, and when her -ladyship exchanged shoulders, looking straight into my. eyes. wna- far nidvar ced,. srruggling to recouorile happy to prove the cDontrary to you when
The trade in commercial fertilizers has "but I should be very much obliged to my meaning glances with my young friend, "Maynard," -said he, "you aren't a, bad certain ir-e,-,:,n,:.u~le tatemenr to which and wher- you plea:i; cly, ofc, eui-e, it
-reached wonderful proportions, and agri- friends if they wouldn't be so--etc., etc.-, after affording him a conventionally polite sort of fellow, taking you all round, but :i had c:.ninrtted myself, and which I was can't ho in tti uoitry. I If it's the -came
tourist throughout t ntryhail officious. When I want to be condoled greeting. I youre.just ascheeky now a you used to unwilling to retract. Having at, length tbing. t,, y.:,u, I .h,;ul.l prefer t,-. stay out
Swith oythe discovery of every new d- with I'll let them know." The Bracknell menage, which for a time be at Eton, and I may as well tell you at made uo my wind to-bhrow one of th-eoe my tim` heLr; hut ext week r wi meet
posit like the potassh salts of Germany and After that I could only leave him to had been threatened with disruption, had once that I'm not in the humor to put up Overboard for the sake of harmony, I -_you at 0-tetimlOr any other place youl
the mineral phosphates of Canada and the himself. Even if he had been willing to been set aging once more (by the kindly withcheek. Doyou remember my giving wound ul:-my task and i-allied forth to cho,:.,set:.:. name." -
Carolinas. But the -expense and delay listen to me, I should have been puzzled' intervention of friends, as I was informed), you -a licking once in Keate's lane?' take the ai.. The Frenchman bwed. "I i usual "
incident to mining, manipulation and to discover any plausible form of consola- and was, to all appearances, being con- "Io," I replied, II do not. :.I remem- The house in which I was staying stood -ai,I he, "to leave ali detais To be arranged
"transportation greatly impedes the use of tion; and certainly I shbold not have hit ducted upon much the same principles as her your hitting. me and I remember kick- in the midst-of one of those wild, undulat- by the ic.o:,,im in thi-e affairs. Will you
-thesenatural stores and makes the more upon that selected by my mother, who in heretofore. At all events, Bracknell ing you on the .shins, and I remember old ing parks which are more frequent in the the.n be so kind as to mention tw,., gentle.
important. every means of husbanding the the overflowing, kindness of her heart .seemed to look with absolute indifference Jim Leigh coming between,us.?. northern than in the southern counties, men whoe names and addrevse I may
lhome'.regources, I wrote him a long letter, in which she re- upon the renewal of the flirtation which "Well," said Bracknell, "I dare say It and whichlook Lkke a .3r7iva Ilof the Eag- give to th- frnendi whom I shall ask t,-
'Farmyard manure including'as-it does minded him that among other blessings he once professed himself determined to was ho-bad thing for you that Jim Leigh landl of 31K, ye.irs ago. It was very beau- represent me
-the liquid and solid excrements of the he still possessed his wife I believe -sh check. The past few months had worked happened to be handy. I didn't want-) titdf in its way, under the gray aurumnal Beauchaimp rubbed the brick of hL
tarm stock and the straw and other ma- was Afterward a little ,_ i-Ioml of, i h i1m a very 'perceptible change in him; he had thrash you then and I don't want to sky, with shafts ,_ft pale .sunlight falling, head "I jon't want this talked aboitail
-terial employed, as litter, stands first on taken this bold step, and would never grown-stouter; his complexion had become thrash you now; but if you take upon upou the :,nailed ,akF and the wirhered over the place, yuuu know," he said.
the:list of home manures, and on every- havelei me kniow, of it had she -been able pastyand his eyelids heavy, and a few yourself to interfere with my private at- bracken, Zud upon patches of gorse and "Maynnrd, you've heard it al; per.hap:
farm more or less effort, is made to pro- to resist showing me Bracknell's reply, .gray hairs had appeared about his tern- faira Econd time, by the Lord, I'll heather here ahad there I bad walked you'll b ,e good enoughi to-act for me, and
serve this. valuable accumulation.. Few which -was brief and pithy: ,: p.es. His manners; too, had distinctly de- knock your bead off your shoulders!" I.,ome distance across it and was wonder- Hnd sjme other ftLlow who can hold his
Farmers, however,- fully appreciate the "Dear Mrs. Maynard: I told your son teriorati-,. H wr, s bored, and did not at-- This threat,-which was embellished by. ing whether De VNeiizac'o unplea..ant tongue. An1 h,...k hcre," he added, turn-
falt that the coimposition of manure will the ,thjor day'that I didn'twish tobe con-, tmpt. to ,-._Luise the fact.; moreover, he certain .SxpressioDs which I prefer not to prophecy would ever be tiulled--whether ,ngt.-t, De \ eu.ac, *we bad better pro
vary wvith the character of tteahrfimmal con- doled with, and I don't But I must say- ..iL-i17ed a C,:,itradicousn aui qairrel- trau;>er;ibe, cau-:ed me to reflect. T do not the land upon which I was standing tenjd totbe frrerid.3for the next tew days.
tributing to, it, the quilty of their food that I hardly expected to be congratulated, Some'tendency which, evidently caused suppose Lhat Bracknell could have knocked would -ever le parceled out among peas- Don't you think so!"
-- and the nature And proportion .- fthe- litter. Lady Bracknell is not with me just now, some anxiety tc. our h,,ste.. my head off my shoulders, but it is quite ant pr-Spitr-, nd whether, i tbat case, "Sir, replied the Frencmann, maguiDf
som WIUK.t te O r sec.U m I au popietoz hnJih~he, n ha cseI"
Much also dupd-n ,ron the manner in or 'she would, I am r .sure, ,lci.;.re me to-l. .As f,-,r Layrl Bracikuell, -hei was bril- posiible that he might have managed to the pei:,-.rat proprietor >v,-,uld not find out cently, '.'I shil withdraw. I ihoal3.. IhT
which it has beep han di -. thank you for i..p._:akr.._ of her hri a bless- I liantr nnd rauj'arnt. Her black dress and give me a black eye; and really I cannot that they had G,.-|,I- ari u ,--.lnmonly bad deiolate.l to be the-.c.,asion-ofemb-arras-
The. Iihra-terof the food iven to the mng..: It.is pro.,ably L,., -r-t ti -in her .tranet-thrw up the dazzling afford to be 4-cn going about with black bat.IIa, Uhen the t ud off approacng meat, and I wU leav tor London to-mor-
animals-i- a very important fitctor in the life that she bas been cI:ll.d by that. name,- whiteness of hbr skin; she looked as ifshe eye. There-fre I resolved to abstain from hoofs inteira-upte'i my musings, an, pros- row."
* makinjcof manure An insufmnenrtdiet, and I should think it would re tr, ei"st, hd not care in the world; an.d if, as I further provocation; and at this opportune, eatly Lalv Bira.kueli, ruling ,etweea her "With that, he took- off his hat, bow;iung
", .., lowr. Beaucha ip .-tared, looked rather
or onaelackinr ginunitrogen and ph.,:phates, Sincerely yours, 3r..,-_ LL.- su su_-pe.t, thI6 other ladlies were whispering mor,,eut our interview was interrupted by two caivaheri., ho-ve ill iifhrt.
(in field on!i. a poor manure;- whereas a M.y other shook her he.. ., at tti; to ,-a.ii other what a heartlria wretch the the entrace of our host, accompanied by They were pleaded totaw rein on reco- inclined to augh, then nodded and turned
diet' inriuding- foods rich in altr,:,.'v-n ,-,r "'-He o, ugrht not t,-, speak so of his, wife," bw,,-mu was, I can only say that m my al large deta,:hment of his guests. zringD me, and Hdila -aid they had had a -.ack loto the b-house. And Po this -.an
pho-phahtes -, ona the other bhnid, pro- she said. -Andwhen I briu-i.hr f,:,rw:.ird hund.,i.- opinion ,they had a-very good .. dth~httul ide; whh,-. ertion waI re-I guigary encounter was agreedupon.
dueo a v.Ai.s.Ie maiur-. P.. ro.. osiv. cri...n.x.cuses on Brackne's beiaU If il riaht, Nd)o I C'APTE, XIV. ceived with emphatic s heuce by her com- -
farmer-, aware of this ct, _.. t it. enterl-' tr wod, ot shock her by mention,. all Pr-r,:,bTl,ly neither theiLr remarkinor my -' I- parnoiis In all probability some bicker- r'audJUng California Wh'teat.
into th ir akuluat"iois when thev arc, t.h,-= that might have been menti.-:-er. ,,pi,, w!'ere matters o.,f much moment to Onthe flllowin:-, morningfIdescended to iai: bad tokcu place dd'LiW-a the coirie otf In country iL, the world can wheal
curntdug the p-r.fitor lossof vari,-',u-"fe.1. nor would she have believed in them if I 'r Shuewa.3 a colId he a rted and calou- the diniina ro.m to firn- there Lady Brack- it;- for the two nci wwere l ok~ng daggers b.. handled as cheaply as in.CaLiforlia.
The oil cakes produce the richest ma-hadl 'I, t only Aook her head the more, I, ]atrg u,,, t,,ut. shii was capable, no neLl, atruild by her brace o.f devoted ad- at each othr, and t struck m? that De Du gtb-arrett seneon there Is no po
nures; nest t,, these come the leguminous telling m. ohat, [ had no realizing sense 9 d,,u1.r, of jjihg herself after her own miners, and I perceived at once that, Hilda VieuzAc w.as not quits as cool as he had e bb ity of rain, and the whea is put int(
food?, such as pea- and bean_ uad br;-an. ra e ;"-, c ,r,-.3,: ,_;a of mr,'.rr,. -c. 1. tf.'-_hlou, an-[" f'ew things can be more had resumed the anme ot the previous been earlier in the da:. A short distance burlap bha. and .tacked up in the Field
Cl--.v.r hay prodnee,- a richer mh niunut-,,,Wrhan Wihetl r I deserved that rebuke or not r`l.-aA;;nit m-In to ici'-tr in your favorite" abead of us was an inclsure, surrounded until ill? farmer is ready D ,ship. When
-: the cereal grains, wh-ie mear,.-." bhay o'fsmal consequence, but Imiaghtfa rly s w; m i it u a d S t w a a hioh fencd o post and raja, lk sent to San Franci-co it liesin the wbarf
stands blwen these..... Te r1ga,.,w Sy ...a.ve- .nl, wo] ratr,, t u tehatdr.: knewvsening evet we~ aried. S he a ilh, ap
tands bel,-w' thee. The cereal gramxs have retortedl that. my ,]car mre~hor, to,"i u_,t, praet,,:&l ern,]. -Thi.. for the time knew, she never wearied. She. had the ap- bya hight~ pen.e:, pIt. and rad, lie a In-ent t au Frapiscrado t.k lits onboh ward
., Rarinolh.r, or iit,prari.ctlend TLc. .:. tn, tmear.-ei-a*atlu pen. It may have been In- unt.Ll a ship is ready to take it on board.
and root,;-ILintain about the same pr,;_p-,p, her part, wa.) a Little too hmel. mdf- big, plrea-ire-l to, be Lady Brackknell'S pearance 0,f1 i.,el, well sati;fled. with it tended to -erve that purpose, or possibly, No shelter is needed, and there are ,:
r- t- r tre t e f~tu t t hl- sie,: -rt,, Ctr t. ...- e u ; I 1 o e s i o h e r o c n
tion of mtrcin he" dryrl th- ; ereut to the ,: rldly ,ds. o, t ?'' i ,i,i," i,:,t The subjat1i1I.:, n of Beau- now; whicn aas more than could- he said at certain i-,asn ot the year, to confine elevator charges, the baga being placed Loi
roots, however, supply raore potasa. ain. that l.at1 h.r prereseat oDl,,.uict sne w9,Cas pc.mp wc.-.. ,'ormpiete. He remained bby for either of teother-.players. -. the red deer, of w 'chl there was a herd ia boa-rd 4hip ju-t as they came from the
Strnw taLes trhi lowest place az a mjanure in d.Mrier, o,,t ,.nl.y oft: mak.L.* t.o t ,170,pelo her -,ie the whole evetiiDng tbrouh; he ."After all," 'she wa. remarking, as I the park. delds. In addition to the proft. resulting
yielding t,:,od. Pea and bea> haulms ,or more ~r_,hl'PI than there w ny ,:,c- cartely too,:,k hiieyes off her for a mo,- entered, "I can't see why we should give "There," said De Vieuzac, pointing to from cheap handling, the onoer has his
straw are more valuable than .s the ca-s,,:n for, i.ut ot getting heii .ei Lito .Eri- merIe pntit mayL be a.sumel that he had ourselves airs ,because we ride and shoot, it with his whop and lookog at Beau- pr'ofitq considerably increased by the gair
atrraw of cereals. ,ous troii:,u!e eis wel. Horr.-.r, I riod,,i.t t,,' ;, .i ,,f the eo.,,rry pectat.i( that he pre- better than mot other nataorna. That is champ, "would be a pretty leap. You in weight made on the voyage to Liver.
The treatment, of the manure i exceed- whether :.i-thiba. cihit I couad have ,. id \ -,l to lookr ,,n. s.,meth,nq, of course; but there are so cotild take it, perhaps; you who hesitate pool. When the wheat leaves Caiffornia
in=lAv imper:ait. A larae proportia ,:.f w,:,ull have pr-vented her from asitangI Hilda harl a s;.e:.i,,d string to her bow, many other ways in which the French,. at. nothiug it. is dry as tinder, and in e-xactly the con-
nitr,,goti is voided in the form ot rine;,-if, L.ad"y MildirEd t,,to .ome in to tear everyo,thtier ir, the shiap c,- i certain Comte de t,:,r i lz-ntance, are our superiors. They are "Oh, do, Mrt. Beauchampl" exclaimed dit.on to absorb the moisture of the sea
therefore, the manure is washed by rains dIay,.n,in-1 tn thei c-iiuauy -cttriL .T.ni to Vieuizae, a French attache, whom I had i great deal more amuzirg to talk to, and Hildla, enthusiastically, air; and, consequently, on its arrival in
or los i sustained by drainage, the m-o.t me-t her. She ihad. made Lip her raiudl I nt several times in Wilton plce. De they are more artistic, and they write "'My dear Lady Bracknell," I remon- England a cargo o[ wheat will be heavier
valuable element of th. manure has es- tLiat t;- couple ,:,ught. to be motre,.,i, and veuzi.? was one of tho i-.e .emi-Ar'z.cized better novels. Mr. Maynard, aren't stated, "what, ar'e youthiakng of? The by many thousand pounds tan when il
Escaped. It. ki for this reason that. bx ma- even that it w.s the will o4 heaven that Gul-: who,, a,-t their clothes miade i Lon- French Lro:,vel. much better than ours.' thing is absolutely impossible." left. California. Wheat is' neDer shipped
,ure is -.o superior to that mnlc-, in an they .huldil ., be married It ouI,1l have I don, who,-talk i rot h:.,rc-es and shooting, I said I mLsu t decline to deliver judg- I am not.sure that it was impossible; I in bulk, but always in bags, as when
open yard or piled is Da eypcsedl place been too much to cyh-tcXT_,ect that the will oL and. who ,iiscui- i-r-,:,rt with a -:,,ierjituy .ci.nt upfon that polit; it was a matter of am an indifferent judge of matters of that loaded id bulk it. is about the most danger
An insufficient amount of hitter or ab. heavenchouhil be -Ct asile > please Lor.l ; fill. ceEe, i, that of the_- uI:.,lel Being taste kind, and I have read wonderful accounts ous cargo a ship can carry. NO matter
sorbent employed Is a frequent eaus" of tir_.e or Mr. be.tucharnp, the latter ,.f young, y" nico, meauns bad looldng, and tull "Well, but," broke in Beauchamp, who of the high jumps accomplished by Aus- how lightly it, may be packed at first, it
the loss- of 'the volatel.fie nitrogenous ingre- whom, as my n,:,it er p,,nt.d rint, mjht o f -t'- eonfiderf in the rres'i-twite ia- was nhokiut decidedly cross, "I never tralian horses9. But I should c, ertaiy be settles considierably within a short time,
dients of urine. bve proposed long ago, if Lhe hls:ilch.en, tI ;re c,- h!, el f'm, w -ih is the very last dented it. I'm sure I don't know whether very sorry either to attempt such a feat aand then is',very liable to shift. Whey
c but had.-preter.eIi to godoff tot hr n .:,y nnd thnn tht hi r, trymen can bring tieir novels are better than ours, and, to myself, or to see any friend of mine at- shiitiug takes place a ship is as good as
Th Rardycatch sLnlm,:,n them-ll..-e.i ft-) part with, he most likely tell you the truth, I don't much care tempt it. Hilda did not seem to have lost, as the change in the center of gravity
he Hardy Little .er,. A.d ,), duri- the summer ,our h,,us flat-tred hmielt that. he had made a cou- either. All I said was that they are not heard me. throws herrou her beam ends, ad she i
The principal improved breeds of cattle was made the -crneiof what, to,, a common- I que.t ,f Lay Bra,:knell, aud it was easy a sporting people." "Oh, do tryl" she repeated. "I know nearly certain to go to the bottom in th(
which arc kept in this country are the place person like mys-ei, -,'ore very much to -'e that h- iouud Beauchr, mp a good "-There is more variety of sport in you ould get over all right., first moderate gale. Many ships', were
short horn Ayri-:lire, Jersey and Devon. tieappeararce o(f c'iardesrnie love mak- ,al i ntheWay That Beauc:hamp recip- France than in England," said De Vieuzac Beaucbamp's reply was highly credit- lost in thin-way, and now the Shipment of
There are.also many ammals behrn,rging to ing. roentedl his sentiments with interest-was boldly. '.We have, for example, the wolf able to his good sense and self control. grain in bulk is prohibited by law.-.A.
the Hereford, Dutch, Holstein, Alderney Lor,.ldStaines' suipicioswere rit legrtb not, e-;,s ,,,bvioni.; and while one I-4 th.3 aud the wild boar"- "I might geL over," hesaid. "Whether H. Smith in Globe-Democrat.
and Guernitev, and a few Swiss, Brit- arou.3wtl, and he sent for me tr. pour yua_. .n ;,.,seamed an aggravatingyI "And you gallop after 'em in green and eould get out again .I another questions
tsny and other less common races. And them rote iu:, ear. It wa. OL a tli- ait- up1' 11.:i,- n and the other scowled gld, coats, with horns twisted round and But, anyhow, I c.ln't think of risking Table Etiquette In Zanzibar. "
now-our breeders are considering, the tuminn 'y that. In obedience to hH s1m- \- .-.e^, ILlda arit ress of the contest, round your ,odie, interrupted Beau-- i .uth another man's horse."I Talking oE eating reminds meof-lh
hardy lit-le Kerrint, a strictly ish breed, mo,3 I.-:atk,:-, up to ta ,.s o,.u't ':,nd s -,te d--playng her white champ, not over. courteously. De Vieuzac stufed, and Beauchamp way tbe oeratio is formed by th
.for exposed potions and In locales wass into tlhe Lbrary, -.vhr- o t and early -..wa-,g a black ,,.trihsch "You have perhaps derived your ideas turned upon him at once. "What's that Arabs. Five of them seat themselves
Whare.coarse taro and bleakness rule. s.ft lgieather ran- of French sport from the pictures in you ay;" he asked, sharply. rotunda large bowl of rice, st-mounted-
..". spite of t1ie warmth of the weather, a dre S,0,,rpneovw or other the sight of that smiril- 'Punch,'" observed De Vieuzac, without ""I assure ybu," answered the Fre cb- by a skinny fowl, all being curried. .Two
J -^ wasbiurwng He-loked very feeble nld ;,contented, -elfish woman, playing off losing his temper. "They are funny, man, with exaggerated politeness, "that I seize the wings with their fingers,and two
S- -. brokeabeu,.iugf,,rwar.n..h.s chair and h.'c ad.mirers one against the other, infuri- those pictures, they are very funny; but I did not utter one word" the legs, andsimu euslytrigthes
,yu,,. ....... holding np a thin, trembling hand to tha ated -me. I could not get the memory of do not think that the artists have drawn -"You were thinking something, off leave the carcass to theh fl'th, after.
iU,-_.,% a 11L blaze. "" poor htt tk- Sunning out of ray. head whiLe them from life though." ward taking out the r he by hand.ts..an
l-="- ^ % --^ **"*"sS- a goeo1 fellow, to speak a word of warning t\orns of ,.epraywity.the mo-it odious i~s that -other doggedlly, "aud l've seen a lot of something, I admits 1 was thinking that with a leC'uliar jerk. One mark"ot'hospi.
l ^^ i~e^ ftN^to your fla'end Leigh. I wotfld rather ,or," which oibhtrrates the natural, animal in- eha.seurs, as you call them, shooting cock sometimes it is very convenient to be rid- tallity sho'ru to giuesta when at :table con.
/(M~aT^BB^'-it~~ysp~eak myself, because, aa you know, he srnoct of mater'eal love. And my soul sparrows on Sunday afternoons." ,n ,,redshre"saante he' oln pBmrc
.-W '~n has bfren caused, trouble and disappint- being str,-Lrei wtthin me by the spectacle ,De Vi~euzac shrugged his shoulderss, The words amounted to asBtudiedlInsult, into ball in the'p-alraof-hi[s hn'
'* 1 'S i-.,!'- l if m'ent by our tam il y area dy, a nd I sn,.,uld of the power p,-ssessed and exercised by "You w ui, com e to it, m y goo d frie td, and w would mnquestionably have beeu so a, m.e'it a. his ,Kue .,s,'s ',wa elv clistend,
-jSiW ^^ -ego o Y ee nn l to hm o "ha "oa. wh in "n "ad"a 'er "e "i """." "'W-""t woud yo ae' We accepted in De Vieuzac s own eounnty. In jaws. On one occasionthi. piede'f eivil,.
'..H8 %.. will yotLJu st tell him as kinalyas y ouca n serts wotud nave been pirk-m g oakum in are a little in adva nce ot you, we m ade France speeches o( that Tdnd are nerm jass- i-.v w 'as'ho n to: .mvael"h.-bu t nllot -belB
,^: m a -f. *" ""m "r that it won't do :' [ see m ore than pe r'- M dl~bauk -penite ntiary r o- uldat. last con- pu" revo hit~io n-a hu ndred years ago. ble their consequeuc es b ein g, of curs e, a "-a dep'm- the71 -" art dt- v-'sw :aolfg r
- A PRIZEWTODIN'MG KEBRRY -haps you. young folks suppose, and or tain mvselfnDOlonser, but, risug rom my W heu your eame laws are abolished, when well understood, but-neither in France bal,-'s .. .. so prjecte-+i*, "'effect 'wa(
"Tni?" Eerries --have, the pasc few years, course yog, know what .I allude to. It sequeste'r;-dlco,'iier, crossedlthe room wtn your great, estates are broken up, when nor elsewhere is t customary to offer such- an vthinK but what'my'tnd entertainer an'
gained= s6in-e :favorabt .--notice in "Great -grn.t do, my. dear Maynard I. a mt sorry the intent, to do a truly siUy'thipg;. your. country squires _can no. more hve direct, provocation In' the presence of a ticiuated.'or iade~pedent'.of being nerii
Britain. 'n the illustration ;is given- a for-'t, but.it, wou't do- ." .., ,, ._,l .uaI iile strd-ght for the sofa on which upon ttheir rent thenu you. w-tll see what lady, andBeauchamnp went up several-de- choked, the Rrain were scattered, o1
pic'trte _bf'Vernal'' wh~o- was caBved, ia I "Lord Stamies," I ans~wered .ooldly, ", Brackncll wassiltring apart with .his hands you wilU see.-_ For,thne rest., the .persons grees in my esteem when he answered "rather spattere', over the table in a'man-
188, anid,-a3"a: he'ifer,'obtaiied, tho-'flr'st am nolt going to undert~ake any.such com,.'.ln hia pockets, and asked him whether ne who, as .you sny,.enoot rfpa.rrowspon Saun- quietly: "We'll.discuss the question.after-, net' that, elicite~d roars _of~langheir.'.veE
:-rie at':tfhe':'Rdvai -,giculi, l societv;'3 mission'. -. I cau-quite- understand your didn't want tosmok .. *avsareopot pf he raxk wno .wouldsnool 'ward-i! you lke- We~mayas well-ric'o fro.m.the'.^" r erave 'iArbs. T-ah.',",-o!
*, _Becb ..d'.pc*eact.6ya" l,-]i. foc-etyi' i the _fa'.mi-,,nd. if you .cau._g.t_ tbe-pe~r-' tht,.,ilic~kens don :t tbe~se.people go t~o bed yoa. must not ak ot-=a..man that..he snould -.Hlda suddenly broke into ashorb? augh,* '.ki:nd tried upont liie':--Overlnd-'gont-lii-y
;'daliry"-, sifow' "Sh:;5 'oc i.' redab:.--thf" sons pBricipally; concerned to <1o as you. "Woc \r,\\ give thetm the s.Up',' s-aiu I; 'be a goont game Sffo~t waeune e.has never touched he~r horse with the, win-and gal- ** -....... .... -"" ......'K. -
= ... ....---- "nglih -- -i";.-Br ... le"wish-'-.djaresay; it w-ill be in-some respects for. 1 was" bent', upon having a row woerds '-the occasion to shoot at game." -.^... -_ loe-a y -h tw -me-fo~ -er =aarphf-n D'-ecag ay
:.'-''"s."*di en6fo'the*p[eed~sl ei.e'enfit. .The a good.tlh.ng:' but I,-OD't..cnqd.-e#,o be ,a- .mn~prvate with him., "-Now- .is '.oar time, "At .auy:!'ate,;' phserved.;^H 0i~d. rislng. oicontes that I hurried, back- .to he ouise, Peach t-ees .gr.o.:g~mearhltq6h
-_..e a'cT-ci'f-c-ara,.te"ri'ci'c'hare ;par.t~yjiio-an'scheme ot. that. khnd..-,-.My- .wile.'niobody--: loo'ing.". --'.- *_. -\ ;a iifdb.beat0wn~g.a,"graipns -nue-upon..the as fast a my legs would carr me". .Idis- dish and wash,Wtear. .onqn^
Lt'^rine~s-fdana'.=Lr.abu.i'te.ot-hrive,'-poinA-oftinewZ.!^ not-the':shme'-o. a"yoirg. --"Bo. I'.obthim away ,t6 the smokingrom;, spe-aker,- *.'n'.hll "moa .thaia .t,^p.sieur..de, like and deprecate^DarrelSi above .evervy, dozlio d 8U eo'.rfi-fq^'ga-ia ec
P ;oa'i^-'frQe^T-hey-bare -sicL to:.'Whnr-amay:%t0com of .the -Beauchamp andr'assaoo, as we'ad'u'ghted ur'ciga'rs, -Vieuzac. -cauar,hot as wetllas. anybody,- thing; stm, I quarrels mu t .needs- take A hitUan be. *._n.djorjl,.sai
be=air*-'niie-'n3l'an-tpi~bducer*3~f'--a'-dgod"d pr'pedr~ty'is nb'thfing-to n;- wnere~as it is a plunged head first Into t, he niiddin o my -And~isn't-it..time-for.-you:-to~.0odt. shoot-. place why should I not; be'here to s~ee? thab salfca.an..aJ~lo_ a_htg^nf
^*^a ai.icy~ oY't beef "-- -'- i' :-'- 1 "--": :good deal. to m e thbat-J mLa . h shou-ld .- Bubjeck-'- "B'rackn el.1. -sbid J "do you-or ing nOW .- ? "-_-= .- ":. = *';,- >i.;-.: ..... i., ... ^.f e.-b e V J ...... s ine'xo usaile co'nd uci t I stit .- =:', ='-^ ] -? ''-^ ^^.

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State News in Brief.
-Travel southward is noticeably in-
-Tangerine contemplates a perfumery
-Cedar Key is to have a new passen-
ger depot.
-Japan plum trees are blooming in
-Cotton receipts at Tallahassee are
larger than for the corresponding time
last year.
-Public sentiment is fast crystalizing
in opposition to the longer continuance
of the whisky traffic. Florida will soon
be the banner State.
-A Charlotte Harbor man has set a hen
on alligator eggs. That hen will think
she has the jim-jams when the shells
break.-Orlando Reporter.
Levy county is in a glow over the pros-
pect of a railroad giving a direct outlet
northward. It is said that the South
Florida and Georgia Air-Line will be
built, and at no distant day.
-The new steamship Olivette, of the
Plant Steamship Line, between Tampa,
Key West and Havana, is now in New
York undergoing redecoration and ren-
ovation for the fall and winter passenger
season between the above ports.
-Sunday morning while the superin-
tendent of the Baptist Church at-Winter
Haven was reading the Sunday-school
lesson, a tame sand-hill crane stalked in
at the front door, walked up the aisle to
the superintendent, apq looking at him
square in the face co'- nced chanting
Sa hymn in some unknown tongue that
set the scholars laughing worse than
Mary's little lamb did, and\met with the
same fate.
-The announcement is already made
that orange shipments have commenced.
These are "dropped" oranges, and as
there is more or less of this fruit an-
nually, they have a proportionate effect
upon the early shipments of good, well
matured oranges. Hence growers stand
in their own light to thus put upon the
market a dheap, undesirable fruit, which
weakens the market for later and better
fruit.-Green Cove Spring.
-A steamship line between Pensacola
and Tampa has been arranged for and
the first trip will be made by the steam-
ship Cumberland, which will leave the
former port on the 27th. Just as soon as
increasing-business will warrant the ven-
ture, an additional steamer, to touch at
intermediate points, will be put upon the
line. The Cumberland will make weekly
trips between Pensacola and Tampa, and
her proprietors have high hopes of build-
ing up a lucrative business in carrying
freight and passengers to and fro. .0
-The South Florida Railroad will have
,the grounds at the section houses im-
proved, by planting trees and vines of
different varieties thereon; also to have
a plat of ground for a vegetable garden,
upon all of which to cultivate and experi-
ment with the growth arid maturity of
different kinds of fruits and vegetables
-the object being to illustrate what can
be profitably produced upon the lands
tributary to the line of road, also to make
the homes of the employes of the com-
pany attractive and productive, as well
as pretty and agreeable to the traveling
--The completion of a through trunk
line from the great Northwest via Bir-
mingham to Tallahasse is an assured fact.
This road will connect at Tallahassee
with theF. R. & N. and with the Thomas-
ville, Tallahassee and Gulf Railway, now
being built from the Gulf towards Talla-
hassee. The engineers of the S., F. &
W. system are locating the perma-
nent line of the road from Thomasville
to Tallahassee, and every assurance is
given that work on this road will begin
at an 'early day. The surveying corps
is now within a few miles of Tallahassee
This management will push the work
forward a tiapidly as possible, with the
hope of connecting the S., F. & W. sys-
tam with the road at Tallahassee in time
to share in next season's traffic.
-Francis has formed an "Industrial
and Citizens' Business Association" in
the interest of fruit raisers, truck farm-
ers, and all engaged in any industrial
pursuit, Dr. Cyrus, of the Venial Horti-
cul'ural Society, was in attendance at
the meeting for organizaf'ion and was
enrolled asa member oi'Fthe society. He
addressed the meeting in very piea.ing
and practical manner and made somei
valuable suggestions. The point he
Sdwelt upon as being of paramount im
portauce was the harvesting or disposi-
tion of the orange and other fruit crops.
Hle urged united effort, and harmony
among the members, and especially ft'e-
quent meetings for the purpose of dis-
cuissing matters of interest for the gen-
eral gooi: and to) determine upon some
plan of universal action by all the so~ie-
ties in Florida.
Rates to the Sub-Tropical.
The following official report is pub
listed for general information, and the
State papers are requested to give it to,
their readers:
J'ACKSON-VILLE, Fla Sept. 10, 1887.
To the Executite Cotin ittee. of Sub-T.rop-
ical E, positiono:
GEN-rLEMEN:-As a special committee
on transportation, I beg to report as fol-
lows :
I presented the subject referred to me
to the managers of the various transpor-
tation lines in the State, when the mat-
ter was referred to the general freight
and passenger agents for action. At a
meeting Of the general freight and pas-
senger agents, the following votes were
i- adopted : "
Voted, That the building material for
county headquarters 'for the Sub-Trop-
ical Exposition shall be billed at regular
rates,' and the revenue accruing to. the
companies, for the transportation of
such material, be refunded to the several
counties as a donation. ..
Voted, That all exhibits, if consigned

to the Director-General of the Suib-Trop- fact. Then I was ashamed of myself,
ical Exposition, for exposition purposes, picked him up, and told him I was
shall be carried free, except fruit, vege- sorry.'
tables and other material and articles "The two then crawled through the
which the owners expect to dispose of swamp and got down by daylight to
for revenue. Sanibel Island, swimming across the
It was not considered that the matter narrow channel to its sandy shore. And
of passes or of special passenger rates to this is known in Florida War History as
the Exposition required to be acted on the Massacre on the Caloosahatchie. The'
at present, and the matter was laid over reason of the surprise was tlat there
for action at a meeting of the transporta- was a temporary truce between the
tion companies to be held early in Octo- Indians and whites, and fearing no
ber. Respectfully submitted, danger, the sentinels were few and
M. R. MORAN. careless. After that Harney' planned
and carried out a raid into the Ever-
HARNEY'S RACE FOR LIFE. glades, in which twenty-seven buck
-- Indians were killed or captured, and all
An Episode ot the Indian Wars of them hung as soon as in our hands.
in Florida. We captured aobut thirty squaws and
children, who were held as prisoners till
In my story of the massacre at Indian sent West. The late Gen. Ord was shot
Key, I spoke of the "large warehouse" through the shoulder. He was then a
owned by Captain Houseman. It was Second Lieutenant in the Third Artil-
our custom to walk around the Island lery. The late Gen. T. W. Sherman was
after tea. Upon one occasion we ascend- a Pirst Lieutenant in the same regiment
ed into the observatory of this warehouse at the same time."
to see if it were possible to get a view of Pardon these old time reminiscences of
the main land. Suddenly in the direc- our State. I am fond of them, and they
tion of Cape Sable we saw a small black will out when the spirit moves. If you
spot upon the water. Watching it are not wearied, I will give you in my
closely we saw it was moving toward next the storyof "Gen. Harney's Re-
us, and soon the form of a boat with ven e. r H. P.' W.
figures in it appeared. Fearing they v
might be Indians we hastened down to
warn others. About sundown the boat South Florida Exposition.
reached the island and from it stepped The Second Exposition, under the aus-
Col. Harney and his servant, clad only pices of the South Florida Exhibition
in shirt and pantaloons, and in his stock- Association, will be held at Sanford,
ing feet. Fla., on the shores of Lake Monroe, in
A few days only before this he had February next.
landed at Indian Key from the steamer The grounds are being prepared under
on which he had two companies of the direction of a competent committee;
'soldiers, and was going with them to buildings are being contracted for, and
"establish a post on the Caloosahatchie." the race track, which is expected to be
"The Setiinoles had again surrendered one of the best in the State, leveled and
and he was going to establish their otherwise prepared for use, so as to be-
boundaries." He was "so confident of come thoroughly hardened. The loca-
their desire for peace he would be willing tion of the grounds gives a commanding
to go through their camps with his view of Lake Monroe, and every conveni-
hands tied behind him, if it were neces- ence for yachting and boat racing.
sary." My father said, "Have a care, Railroad tracks will extend to the
Harney, they are treacherous rascals and grounds, thus affording delivery of ex-
would harm you it they can," That hibits without transfer from car.
night he sent a boat .load of his soldiers The Exposition'grounds are adjacent
under our window to serenade us. In to the railway passenger depots and
an unoccupied building on the island steamboat landings-hence are accessi-
they had a dance and all were merry ble without extra expense. The largest
and gay. premiums ever offered in the State have
The next morning they left for their already been announced-for instance,
new camp, which was located about ten that of $1,000 cash, by the SouthFlorida
or fifteen miles above the mouth of the Railroad Company, for the best.' county
Caloosahatchie (which enters the Gulf of exhibit; $500 for the second best, and
Mexico near Sanibel Island), and was $250 for the third bestcounty exhibits,
composed of two companies of the Sec- by the Association. Other premiums, in
ond Dragoons. like proportion, will be offered and duly
Harney was every inch a soldier and announced for citrus fruits and other
stood six feet three inches in his boots, products, manufactures and special in-
He was not handsome. He Was stal- dustries. '
wart, manly, ever impetuous in word It is the products of a country that at.
and action. My memory may not fully tract immigration, and the South Florida
serve me-for you must remember that Exposition furnishes an opportunity to
it is fifty years ago that this occurred, exhibit our resources to a balance of man-
But this is the story. The men at the kind not so favorably situated, that may
post were mostly in tents, there was a desire to become our neighbors. It is by
small 'stockade, a sutler's store and a comparis.:u that we perfect our, opera-
temporary storehouse in the encamp- tions in agriculture and horticulture;
ment. The men had procured liquor hence these exhibitions entertain, 'in-
and had a fight, and Col. Harney had struct and therefore profit exhibitors and
their guns cleaned and stacked away. the public at large.
After sending a boat down to the mouth Vast numbers of visitors will be in at-
of the-'river the next day to fish, he tendance; hence, to do the greatest good
started out with his servant for a wild to the greatest number, come and show
boar hunt. the world something of what our' sec-
Returning late and tired, he took off tion, South Florida, is capable of con-
coat and boots and threw himself upon tributingto the comfort, welfare and hap-
his bed, Awakened by noise in the piness of its own and other people.
camp, he threw up the curtain of his Committee-Lymau Phelps, F. H.
tent and "saw an Indian in the act of Rand, D..H. Elliott, King Wylly.
tomahawking one of his men." Remem .-.
being their defenceless state, he knew Sub-Tropical Notes. i
that his only chance was in flight and (From the Times-Union of September 14th.)
started through the cha~pparal for the Drn i tyi h iyMna
mouth oftheriverthatPheramight a During his stay mi the city Monday i
urith oh fisher rnivae th hemm h a~p~~ evening, Governor Perry visited the Ex-
prise the fishers -and save them. He had psto rud ncmaywt i
not gone far when he heard footsteps position grounds in company ',with Di-
behind him. Supposing that it must be recor-General ae, and was entus-
Indians, he throw himself doWn by the astic in his commendation ofthe pro-
side of a log, with the intention of throw- gress already achieved, and ofthe'great
ing himself upon and thottling his pur- convenience and beauty of the location.
suer. As the juan neared him ,he e says that Middle 'Florida will 'e well
.. ", unrepresentedd, and hopes to see old Jdckson
sprang upon him, giving the peculiar r s d d e s ng
Indiang Ur~unt, and, seizing him beuar and other counties of the West':falling-
drat gua ntan him o y se into line. The Exposition, in his opin-

S hrth eizo^i! *- into lie.m S
vant before discovering his mistake ion, will reproductive of manifold ben
They thene pusured teir way toshe fits to all the sections of the State, not
They the pursuer, -towrne aythe me the least among which.will be the oblit-
mouth of the'kiver, to warn their men ,: .. .".'" "
who were fishing and also to send. .them eration of sectional jealousies and the
up the oast t arna tho to stnatnem. cementing of close bonds of fraternity.
up~the coas t,-, warn the troopl:s stat,<,aed The, rnor ri -. ...ta, th
at Tampa .t t utbrkOf te Indian;, e governor, un his stay at the
whileHar-p tCaue it, their tall boat to, Philadelphia Centennial, will improve ,
Idian ey, s every opportunity of making public the
i ve thocunt given by' Ned'B .. attractions which the Sub-Tropical has
line (E. Z, C. jud-n. t th. Nav from in store for Northern visitors during the
which I will copy: coming season.'
'In ti middle or ahot night for Mr, K. B. Harvey, of Trabue, writes
geit 1th preis 'ateth -T that the county commissioners of the
number ring t-,ree r four -undre ,"u nd county of DeSoto have taken kvor- I
Arpiaka(thefish-eater) and yBow- B act-u oute atteoteCOn-
legs, ui-i h p't: Col y u.; tSs t'el'.t'resentati.,n at the Exp6sition.
legs, surplril. te o ie t; COl..Harney, in .. J
cons u f- theheat-"nd Haon i n r. Harvey willatoncecommence an
had taken. blanket an left his qu. i actie cat'as of his county to carry out
had taken blaltket and left his ,-U."- ...-their intrUCtn.
terms to sleep on a knoll on the twr Mr. E. ;, Harvey, chairman of the ,
bank., w here th e cool breeze sw ept over Po ... r = ...- c. :..c.mw t te 1
the water. This alone saved his ifle t ." "e'.
L" l __ d.... m- l sotI llteExposition I -adquhrters
Emc mmory.in tliiispatticular shortly visitthent
ri in thi city to arrange the details, f-ithe
dead of nightby the-veilsof the Indians, county eprtment. ,
the firing of guns aud the shrieks of the ve -l '"
dying soldiers. TLie houses and tents The Vestibuled Car.
were fired, the soldiers killed ber'ore The f'ollo'widg is a brief description of
he could offer resittance-in shoir. it was the- vestibuled cars which areto be provi-
a massacre otf tie soldiers.not an Indian ded for Florida i ravel next winter: These (
being killed in the whole affair. Harney, cars, the latest production of the Pull- 1
in his shirt. and drawers, without a man Palace Cat" Company, arnd the ex-
weapon. could only run for his life. emplication, of the best" skill and the
Capture would be death by the most cleverest ingenuity of the car builder,
crtel tortures. He ran down tle rirer. combine every good feature of the oli .
through a dense swamp, the Indian system with' ntmeruus improvements
.elils filling the night air. and he believ- which have never before been employed
ing them close on his trail. For miles in car.construction. t'Tnder the new ar- ]1
he kept on, the scanty clothes he wore rangehnent separate caches lose their '
torn all to tatters on tie branches as he identity and are merged into one slonga-
plunged through the brush, and fast as ted coach, which contains every con-
he went he heard a crash behind him. venience a traveler could find in the beet F
He was pursued. At last, breathless, hotel. The coaches may be said to be
worn out, so he could go no farther, he arranged en suite, so easy is the mode of
halted and turned-Igivehisown words communication between'them. This de- ,t
to me of what then occurred, 'I heard serable result is obtained by the use of
the.red cusses close on me. I knew it vestibules. The vestibules ate formed e
was death, but I thought I would die by inclosing the platforms. The endsof r
game. I squared off, clenched my fists, the platforms are fitted with broad, c
and shouted, 'Come on, you red devils, thick frames of steel extending from
d-n you, come on.' 'Howly saints, is it floor to roof, and supported by a strong
you.Colonei?'criedoneornmyown men- elastic pressure derived from springs, a
the onry man besides me that escaped- When the cars are connected these a
as he hailed within my reach. I was so flames press tightly against each othlr, E
mad to be scared by a white man, that I forcing back the steel springs and giving t
knocked hjrn down on the spot. It is a lose contact throughout the entire sur- f






92 70
96 70
92 56
S98 59
97. 66
96 67
92 67
90 61
91 62
94 69
94 65
90 o C2
82 64
S92 68
92 66




-a -io -a
6. h

10 12 8
6 1 12
.7 1'., 7
1 8 7
15 6
13 11 6
0 9 15
1 13 16
10- 10 10
15 12 3
15 11 4
13 12 5
10 12 8
6 18 12
8 18 7

4.: 39


NE -

Purchasing Agency.
Purchasing' Agency.

A New York lady of experience and
taste; enjoying the best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of wearing ap-
parel. toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send for circular.
Address MRS. S. S. Jones,
* 179 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. "

A Home in Florida.
Your attention is called to the offer of
a lot in 3Macedo.nia-City, Lee county,
Florida, and a year's subscription to a
leading paper of the State, for $4. Mac-
edonia City is fifteen miles south of the
terminus of the Florida Southern Rail-
road at Trabue, and overlooks the far-
famed bay .of Charlotte Harbor, the most
magnificent sheet of water in the South.
An unparalleled offer. Address, for
sample copy of paper and full particulars,
SKey West, Florida.

"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have used Brad-
ley's Vegetal'.le" Fertil;zer. After test-
ing alojng a i li ,oti e high grade fertil-
izers,we pronounce it better than any
Sold in Flohi-a. 'We hall use it again
this year.. "
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything Eo good as Braidley's
Florida Vegetable Fer'tilizetr. We know
hv expe'-ieucee what we say regarding
thik fettilizer.
Ft. Mason. Fla.

'Groves where Williams, Clark e Co's
Ort'ange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
cooking fBiely.

Opinions of the Press.
S[From the Southern Cultivator.]
"The Success of the FLORIDA Fa.R-
'ille, surpa:ses that of sny similar
publicatiou in Aumeaiia. The publishers
6eem to be over-liberal iu giving the
mechanical part every attraction possi-
ble, while Editor Ctu'tiss is doing the
best work of his life. It is a combina-
ion that cannot fail of abundant success.
The Cultivator is never sorry to see such
enterprisee rewarded, as we have no
ivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
ess." .
[From the Gardeners' Monthly]
"We are continually receiving new
agricultural ventures, but useful as they
tre in their own special fields, we rarely
Ond in them anything of special interest
o the intelligent class of horticulturists
or which the Gardeners' Monthly has to

face. By this means a wonderful stead-
iness of motion is obtained, while there
is sufficient flexibility at points of con-
tact to enable the .train to round curves.
The additional ease secured is a. great
point, but4a greater still is the protection
against telescoping in case of collision,
which the powerful steel frames afford.
Sheets of rubber -cover the junction
points, and oppose an unbroken obstruc-
tion to the entrance of wind, dust or
rain. The interior of the vestibules are
furnished, lighted and carpeted so as to
conceal any break in the continuity of
the floor. Plateglass doors open at the
top of the steps, so that as soon as one
passes through the door he is not only in
the car, but in the train. Passengers may
pass from car to car without exposure to
danger or weather, and with the same
facility as they could pass down the aisle
of the car. Many innovations have been
added to the equipment of the trains of
vestibuled cars, among which the most
novel is a barber's shop. The easy motion
secured by the singleness of the train
renders shaving safe and easy. The in-
terior appointments and decorations sur-
pass anything of the kind ever produced.
-The South.

The King of the Crackers.
Jacob Summerlin, "the King of the
Crackers," was born at Newnansville,
Alachua county, in 1822. At tbat time
there were only two counties in South
Florida, Alachua and Monroe. Mr. Sum-
merlin was a successful cattle raiser and
dealer,. and also invested largely inland.
He owned the 160 acres on which Bar-
tow is built, but a number of years ago
deeded forty acres of it to the county
for a court house site, and forty to the
town of Bartow, forty to the two
churches and forty to Summerlin Insti-
tute. Part of the latter has been sold by
the trustees, for whi3h about $12,000 has
been received, and there are about thirty
acres left. This money is being used to
erect the Institute building, and will be
supplemented by more as the work pro-
gresses and sales of land are made. The
land is worth $1,000 per acre. Mr. Sum-
merlin has done a great deal for Bartow,
and his name will always be a house-
hold word. with her citizens. -The


The following table, compiled from the records
of the Jack onville Signal Station by Corporal
T. S. Townsend, represents the temperature, conh
edition of weather, rainfall and direction of wine
for the month of September, as observed at tp-
Jacksonville station during the past 15 years:

g itrlz,


SJA.CKE.PrNViLLE, epteimber 17. 18'7.

M'ATS-D. S. short ribs, boxed, $9 50: D. S
long clear sides, $9 60; D. S. bellies, $9 87;
smoked short ribs, $10 25; smokedbellies. 10 25;
S. 0. hams, canvassed fancy, 14e; S. C. .houl-
ders,canvassed, 8,c; California or picnic hams
10c. Lard-refined tierces, 7%c. Mess beef-
carrels, $1100; half barrels, $' 50; mess ork,
$17 00. These quotations are for round lot&
from f1i1t ,and;.
Bu rtri--u -L\t '.e dilm >l d nid t.1van--Ln. Ei:st
tahl-f..M. 'iSc per pound; crioKiia, ltji_ ," per
potl iid.
Grain, Flour, Hay, Feed, Hides, Etc.
GAIN-C-orn-The market firm with an
upward tendency. Reports of a large short-
age in p.,.: ,ut crop are confirmed, and corn
will nor lii iy bring any lower prices the
coming season than the present quotations.
The following figures represent to-day's values:
We quote white corn, job lots, 70c per bushel;'
car load lots, 68c per bushel; mixed corn, job
lots, 63c per bushel; car load lots, 61c per
bushel. Oats higher, in sympathy with corn,
at the following figures: Mixed, in job lots.
40c; car load lots, 37%c; white oats are 8c high-
er all around. Bran firmer, $19@201) per ton. -
-HAY-The market is higher and very scarce.
Western choice, small bales, $2100022 00 per
ton; car load lots, $20 50 per ton; Eastern hay.
$1950 per ton.
PfAL GRITS AND MEAl-Grits, advancing,
8 00 barrel. .
FLouR--Best patents, $5 50; Tood family,
$4 60@4 75; common, $4 25. .
PEAs-Mixed 8125, whips $1 35, clays $130.
GROUND FEED-Per toe, $24 00.
COiFFEE-Green Rio, 21@24o per pound; Java,
Coasted, 32@85c; 'Mocha, roasted, 85c; Rio,
roasted. 25@28c; ground Rio coffee 18@23c per
Extra Fine ..... .. ............. .. .-
C oice-... .................. ... ........... ... ...:3
COTTON aEED LtELL-Demanid lignt. Sea
uik- td o:.r daik m aiii, 519 ,.,'2i, 0 per ton;
oilgnt or ort coioutn meal out of maitket,
oild .le psbut dowu and old E stock cleaned up.
T(C.A,':, "IiEM-.-Malrkeci qutt bu t idrM at
t.i()L 14 ,:iV) p-er too.
Liinm.-Eakt.:-rn.'Fti0l -iari'el lotI t l 1), 1i) bar-
rel lutE01 lci er t10, n tI-Otl ). Alabama liue
1115. Cemeni-Ameri,:an $20.1; Engisb $.325
per bti'Iel.
Rici--Toe iuO[:tailous vary. according to
quantity from Nll')l. c.-ntsPper pound.
S.\-T-Liverpooi, per sack, fl 00; per car
uad, Pci(Uei.
HEtrS/-Liy flint, cow, per pound, drst class,
IJelV-2 i; anhd country dry sa. ted 9V'_l0ciics;
buchs dry salted scents. kInne-Diir-lint,
,jcent, ,salted 13 tents. FurE-Otter, winter,
eah '".'0Iii8 Ut; raccoon 10.i0)15 centws; wild cat
liJal5 cun[t; tox 10iI5 ce-s. Beeswax, per
poand, t. cent.s; wool, free from burs, lti.a
oents; 0tur"y, 5d,15 cents; giat skins 10cents
Connlry Produce.
CaEESE--FLne Creamery 14 ents per pound.
Lrva PoULTRVy-Llmiited supply ansd good
demand as follows: Hens 35 cents; mixed 30
cents; bal' pi"wn -0 cenutw. They are scarce
and In greIt'demand.
EooS-Du nVl Cc.tmty, 25 cents per dozen wtLh
ood demand and Umited supply.
LRItSH PorCTAC.--Northern potatoes '275@0
i', per bariel.
OrIoNs--weste'rn per barrel $3 50, New York
6375 per barr-l.
New York Cabbage; l0tLA12c per head.
SNEW BEETS--New York $275 per barrel
Tom.Ari:cs.--New York, per crate, $81 00.
TrRNTP-s-Ruta Baga variety $2 50 par bar-
Foreign and Domesile Fruits.
Heavy advance In all canned goads, cover-
ltg 50t per dozen, most noticeable In peaches,
pears and apples, caused by short crop-corn
and tomatoes; also, In canned flh, principally
In salmon, owing to short, catch this year,
catch being tighter than any season for lf9r
years. '

cater. We were, therefore, agreeably
surprised on reading among the batch
of exchanges on our table, No. ,2 of this.
to find it of a very high order of 'intelli-
gence, and one which must have an ex-
cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
[From the Times-Democrat. ,-
"Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
`FRUIT-GROWER, evidently struck the
popular fancy when he established' that
journal. Its success is phenomenal, and
although only a few months old, has al-
ready taken the lead in all matters per-
taining to Southern horticulture. -
[From the Texas Farmer. 1
'Florida is not behind her sister South-
ern States in material progress. It
ought to be called the land of fruits and
flowers, for each of these grand divis-
ions of horticulture are equally at home
GROWER is an ably conducted and ele-
gantly printed paper devoted to these
very topics, to which we refer the reader
for further information."
(From the Florida Baptist Witness.)
comes to our table regularly and prompt-
ly, and is full of interesting and instruc-
tive matter. It certainly excels any paper
we have seen, for Florida especially.
Send to Jacksonville for it. Address as
above, ;and read it awhile and be con-
(From the Gainesville Morning Record.)
"We are in receipt of the FFORIDA
by C. H. Jones & Bro., at the Times-
Union office, and edited by Prof. A. H.
Curtiss.' It is first-class in every respect
and is a paper which every farmer- and
fruit grower should have. Its articles
are full of plain, good, common sense.
We hope to give our readers the benefit
of many of its articles. Success to the
(Fjom the Southern Live Stock Journal.)
,"We regret that the first number [of
to reach us, but the second shows a'very
handsome sheet as to paper, typography
and general make up, while the editorial
department is all we expected of the dis-
tinguished editor. Many of o.ir tealiri
are interested, directly and sconda-
rily in everything connected with Flor-
ida, and we cordially .commend this
new and excellent periodical as worthy
of their patronage. With best wishes
for its success, we welcome this newas-
pirant for .public favor and patronage.
feeling assured of the good work it will
accomplish in and out of Floria.'

CEEJEsE-Half skim 10c; cream 15@17c.per
pound.: m 1 5 1 .p
APPLE.'-N'a YoriK.4 'i.'i_ 375i per bnarrii.
Lh'l{.," P,-;itli jh. :. 1 P1L-. b'r!rel; BaJ tlet-t. Perr s '-
$5"(' pr r ],I a 'i. 5 r.-Q L'' hai1 bf1'ilrre-l.
J iiru u.: 1A-1, i'r, '.l', i ower pi und.
Jam .u' ).B :,n.. 12 5,),a3 i', per owo'?b.

'i b t'..':,il'"'i- s niu':.ti[:t,.'n 'are i-al ttly re-
vied ['-..r W'4in..aiy's aud atuj-dav'6 raip.:r
fromi, ,t,:.Itui lM ''uri6h.-J byV dealli lu If .in
Mit7 M.l .:I:
>i.:r7 YorK Cabba,I.. wb,:,lteaiv &I 2 at 1i"'2iil)
,i-. I:.t'lci ,r, '. -[i'ir at l ',Zi.2 ,?C nts -
tw'.,t P,'.rut-, ' i rbi.-ae at 1. .:l.: per OuhielI
an1 retui at 21-' : -.. '1 t- i-r .
E.. t',? Ii 1rir'1: j-j',iu.D. uvral (oun0t 1='.Y">
Bi-._ *,',[- .J'i ', v1 ,'l ,al- "'ll w cnts per
d0:'-D, i UdL r-t i .,ir :o c-ni .
S,-'t- -0 m irv,^i.,t ;.iui.s.h-~ anoid-Eale at
,':.:' pr barrel, aud r &:al at -5i-5 tents r Er
Ntvw T '.i.k Ir -za potatLo-s ti.'.l-t:ale at Q'3 1i,
p-r' ,i, i'-l.1in : r,:'t'i r i) ,0 uI pel qu. l't, or
tw,-. lUlil [t' Or lV. u it-.
LI-.' t .uiir -i,,'-- khK-n. whicie:ialE ,t '2 ii..ji)
cvnt, Ca-,:; reti ,i ,-,uiS C.t.b. Dl,:,-dr

Ceni, i.-r p: ill rt '.",,' ..'meot; porC 12li'i
ce. e;t. o o i nt- ''l i i Scl of] vniro :1,: cn t.. ;
.lt ,. ,bl. 0 t E n[6 i-tllP, ,r-il pie'i I ,a-d "
t+t't- I ..at 1--tI, Dt P r tW-,-, 'tI tLa 't.10' :5or h Es.Q
E li- ut- wri.,ie ati.: at 2fll centz per
dozu, h vj rtad at ',I eua_" cb.
N'.,rtue i ao 'it; r'tI. L t 1trW.'s $2 25 per baLriel,
No',. r 'i rn ,i',-[.t, .ti, al e at 1 00 peir Q ar-.
',al: .et It' :hI'U'i U at :.l p- p itCI.
EELfl'.,ry---l i2iOi, ,5(E eatW s per dor, two
l i f r i 1 i ". n :.
rt.Jk I:,L t 1 t ti> ;i-, pt eik
n.ap' bef'a .s. whc ',i,.L- ftl i,0 p-r.bu he -; I's-
t..id l"i i: [e t pelr .- t r.
I': ,'.t> -.:, Aw '-)L-_1'e '1 I0) -: pr it'ai: r'etali
ir.at i -tr. -'1 .r, "t i, iiwo U .,'t? Ir' 2.5 ,c' nt.

NEW Y'>RK, .ePi. 17--rriere is noarsate-
mnieut f iiteIi-t, It [to tobacco market.
Prc.' aie still t.jing up'wi'd, ad.d-tuoe de-
manid '. V y i tiLing. "'
RIC'HIM.ON', ',pt.'mberl..--Lei' tobae"Po 1
firm. R,.-i,..- s fre 51 --:'d-b:l 'llers and 'uy-
er; '-em to -. he lii|m a0i'o, "ow'nn to the
unsietled market iu Ncwgik.
LDU ISU i LLE,,'eptinLuber liu.-The mark-it Li
fld i and p'ts li.)oi.ig upward. Aucton
Sa.Iicm' le" t [a"f 'ned fromabout L25 per naun
dired down to $6. "


"AV-'_NNA-. -.spteimber 17.-The Unlland
-Cotton Mairket opened steady and, elo'ed at
t"he IoiinaiWLn. quoiataimon: ,
M iddiinp Ial ..... ...................... ... 9
Good m Iddiana......... .. ......... 9
M id d i n ...I ...... ............... .. .... 9
Lowr middliin .......... .......... J.......... J4
Good ortd nairy. Nominal.
The net re-.?elpti were S,90 bales; gross
receipt- S'O,,0 bales: sates 24'A) bale,; stocti
ait tls port 41,i,8u oales. Exports coasi.wite
4126 bbae .(i.
The market Is quiet and nominal at un-
changed quotations. Little stockfor sale and
scarcely any arriving;
C'omm.-n FIorinda... 16
M edium-............... .... 16 '
0 .ol MEdJ m ....................................17
M ediuam ri -............... .............. ....Is
F ine-...................... .......... ......... .. .... 1 .


Improved Peaches.

and No. :r., riiiii l peache,, average size,
rip nine from Min 7 luth 10 Jitl 1i. IThen Bid-
ui'aii IMPROVE PEEN-.TIO, No. 4, is flat, but
larger' rind tlh lker UromI sieni to hblsonl thaLn i t
In: Quality Not Excelled by. Any
.. Peach Out,
wtL not a particle, at any sttge of.ripesing,
thatt bUitter so objectionable in the Peen-to.
Riens with BidweUl's Eihrly.
Thee iate all .eediing oT the Peou-to, a de-
scendaut rodouDt of thar [rtit,"founo by Atchi-
son in the Hazardaraklit Harine,in Afghanistan;
a form with different shape eror that of the
almond, being larger and Batter." "The whole
Ahrub reiiibica n'bat one mlght consider a wild
form of the peach, of nearly evergreen fdliage;."
A. I am a ari- mwere are many aspurious trees.
being offered, I wouLd give a word of caution to
tho planter. Mr. Bidwel Lans originAted thece
trees ; our trees be has grown from buds cut
from lhti bearing tree., most 'of them by his
own band.
Address all letters, for information oritroes,. to
me, as 6u account of ill health be bes ivea me
all business connected with the sale of.his trees.
0 City Office anti Packing Grotfnds, Main street

P. 0. Box 121, Orlando, Fla
September 5, :$8'. 7" .



Absolutely Pure.
This powder never varies. A marvel o
purity, stren -n ,n a nI whuin cec Morem
economical th'3n tIe: ordiohua, lflnd., and-
ca.n. .i be "'?-I In i mperltion with the
ri. t.: [.-. :rt '7 iL'b[ alum or
phiosphate F.,vl:i. .)l mti 11 C.'i
oyAl-BACKiN P.,---DrB H>Co.. i W, i 6 i..
New York.