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UFPKY NEH LSTA



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00035
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 14, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00035
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text

























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VOL 1---NO 37 JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER, 14, 1887.


VJLI. I a. -


ANGORA GOATS.

A Letter from the Owner of a
Flock in Franklin County.
Editor .lorida Farmer and Fruit-Grower: 81
DEAR SIR: Your favor in reference to c
the Angora goats is at hand. It is use- 0
less for me to tell you that I regard them
as the best of stock, when I tell you I r
drove these goats 1,400 miles, from near t
Austin, Texas, rather than be without 0
them. I consider them the most profita-
ble stock that can be raised. They are g
not as mischievous as the common goat,
and care more for their young. They do
not multiply as fast as the common.
never bring more than one kid, and
about three times in two years
Their flesh for food is superior to any-
thing that wallis on four legs." It has
none of the goatish taste. They are
sheared every spring. Their fleece is
very valuable. I got from 60 to 65 cents
per pound in Texas, and I am informed
that in the general or foreign market it
is worth 80 cents to $1 a pound. They
are very healthy, living where other
stock will starve, as brush and weeds are
their principal diet; They are very
easily located. They love shelter in bad
weather. When out feeding the first
clap of thunder starts them home.
This is not a suitable place for them.
The country is too low and flat. It is
covered with saw palmetto and they-de-
not like it; there is not brush enough.
Still they are doing very well, and I am
sure, beyond any doubt, there are
many places in Florida where they
will doas well asanywbere in the United
States. I have seen many places in
Florida where they will prove a perfect
success, such as the country from
Chattaboochee to Tallahassee. A hun-
died nannies in such a country would be-
aJirtune to a man in afew years. They
Make no trouble, and the only expense
is salt. They are the prettiest animal
that lives when their fleece iralong.
The Angora goat is pot as good for
milk as the common goat. Many of
them will give a pint beside raising the
kid. .
-As the thoroughbred is very costly,
$75 to $100 for a buck, and $2 to $35 for
nannies, it is cheapest to cross them with
the common goat. I do not know how
they will do with the native goat, :
but with the Texas,or Spanish.gat, after
the second or third cross yoaitcan not tell
them from thm from full blood stock I have :
seen half-breeds with a good fleece. The
Mexican or Texican or Texas stock with the Angora
goat seems to run out quickly. Ford
home consumption the Angora goat's
wool is superior to anything. It cards
and spins much 'more easily -than cotton
or sheep's wool. Socks maTe of it last
twice as long and are very soft to the
feet. Where a pair of sheep's wool
: socks sell for 50 cents a pair, the Angora
wool will sell from $1.25 to 1.50. .
In Texas where I cameu from a man
paid $900 for sixteen head imported. I
left Texas with 200 head, and sold over
half mv flock on the way. 1 could have ,
sold tea times s as many, buI could not
bear the idea of heing without. I sold at
$2.0 a pair until I got my flock adownso I
could drive them better. The drive was
too hard on them. They were -a good
while gerting over -it, and catiset oaae to
lose crop of kids. My flock is mostly
graded from the Texas or Spanish breed.


situated thai I am compelled tis ell them.
I can not keep them here for two rea-
sons, because of a city ordinance andt
because this is not a suitable place. As
I bave already stated. this country is too
-low and marshy and full of palmetto.
.I live near, town, and it is against the
I city ordinance for them to get inside the
corporation. I would mluve teoa suitable
place for them. only my interest other-
-wise is too much to sacrifice. I was
made some very fair offers to let them
remain at DeFuniak Springs, and I am
sorry I did uot, as thai is an excellent
place for them.
I hare two new bucks with the flock
that I bought jut before I left Texas,
for which I paid $i150. One is two years
old and the other is, three. Any one
t"at will buy half or all, which is 80 or
85 head, can have them at $5 per head.
If I sell half I will let one buck go. If I
were in a more suitable plaeplace 15 per head
would not buy them, and let me say that
no better investment can be made by one
who lives in a rolling and brushy coun-
try. There is no trouble in shipping or
driving them. They travel 12 to20 miles
a day. I have stated all the facts in re-
gard to the Angoras that I think of, and
shall be pleased to furnish any further
information that may be desired.
D. ELDRIDOE.
APALACHCcOLA, Fla., Aug. 16, 1887.

Shipping rosebuds from Crystal
Springs,- Miss., to Chicago and other
Northern, cities has paid well this year,
some shippers--'adies-realizing as much
as $10 from one rose bush. Cape Jassa-
mines have sold from $2.50 to $3 per 100.


muck with water. I also send youa mowing as soon as it begins to bloom I IIn .err.l appeaance the f Ihtia
ample of another grass of which I would know no one who plants it, butit annu- crop dall iuenembth- Indian corn. %Vitt] thIis
ke to know the name. ally re-seeds the ground an.]d equirs no exceptions, hat the grain foth e in heads
"H.W. RooP. 'cultivation or other care as e pro:.te, tlo on the tops of the-stalks where lthe ,a.e1
[We have forwarded the specimens of rom live stock, and the labor of h er- is on Indian corn, andall are lultiv ated-
grass to Dr. Vasey, who, as eai, -E! thesameaslndianccorn: Firit t:omes Kaf-
wishes to make a critical study of them. "Beitgacoarsegras-;, withlongleaves fir corn, which is a native of Africa. I
t is evidently the grass which Dr: and large succulent stems, it requires have one-half acre planted and have just
shares, in his Book of Grasse., destc ibtes care t.:-at'e well. In one county in, commenced harvesting thegrain heads.
s follows: "Petariasetosa, T-xas Millet, M.is-itsippi, hundreds of acres are an nu- As fast as one crop of grain heads is cut
Pigeon Grass. Bristle Grass. aly mowed on single farms. Cows and after ripening onthe stalknew branches
"Some years ago I received seeds of horses are very fond of itwhethergreen start out from the main stalk, each
his grass from Texas, and at first it-was or dry. Farmers who have tested it branch having a new head of grain, and'
mistaken for S. Italica, which it resem- most thoroughly for many years prefer so continue until winter. Oh good soil


Sheep Pasturage in Florida. n
BY S. POWERS. lI
[Author of "The American Merino."]
In the piney woods sheep do not sub
ist to any considerable extent on the g
oarse grasses, but on herbs, mainly up- v
n one small perennial herb, growing I
at on the ground, with broad and P
wounded leaves, resembling very much a
he deer-tongue, or "vanilla" (Liatris P
doratissima). In Bradford county, as I
ave myself observed, they avoid the ti
rasses of the "flat wcods," which are n






































follow cultivation..
In Eastern Texas, Louisiana and Flor-
ideaves oveepareexceedinglyect te smut-

has become acclimated; in winter it diesE
down, but the sheep find, deermudown
under the debris, a sweet and tender
bite, and they may be seen buried to the
herbs. All these for last named grasses





confIn Eased ton Texas, ieLouisiana andkeep the lamor-bs
ida sheep are exceedingly fond of the







seedfrom drowning in the beggar lowice. .Guinea grass
has butineome acclimated; i winter it dies
vision of culthivate sheep gfines., or rydeep down
launder the wondebris, a sweeu and tenderst



shoulde c rs searching for is all his life
they will penetralte tree e-is re ality
canebraf e, and test economic ble ssinto begs
confined to the fields to thkeep Southe lambst.



But in avwinter they nel, of Charleston,,e routh
Carvision of cultivated grs it asses, rior inrye or


o ats. The wonderful Brmudae-the pest
of the cton-plantlbier, who is all his life


self seen both red and wltbe clover
"fightlourishing, self-seeded, in rain reality




e of the grd coatest econaomi blessings
ever great favorite of the Souheep: theyDr. Swilt.
Julian overavenel, or bfs-clover harls been men-.South







for sheep. According to. Dr.- Phares,
Japan clover contains 15.11 per cent. of
albuminoids and 56.79 per cent. of car-
boydrates, whichregards mait aes it about equal
to timothy alive f
LAper cent, Bradford Co, Fla.

Great Fdemonxtai tat red cover
Mwill grow iN, Fla., September 1, 1887.
Edlfr eenor both Farmed and whit- lower:
I ruailyou another sample of the Fox-
taflourishing, self-seeded, is orange enough toves








be called the Great Foxtail. The aotalk
from which I cut the specmenp: they will
feet high and has thrown out fourJ
brlovanches from the lower jihas been thatare
the same height ofAll these main ste propaIt
tends to throw out a branch at each
joint sheep. According to
This will be a good time to tell you
where thegraLe isgrowing. Last winter
I set my muck machine near the edgeof
the lake, by some saw 56.79ras permuck, andr
drew out quie a lot of the grabout equand
muck, piling it up seven or eight feet
high. All over this pile of muck this
grass is growing luxuriantly, also smart-
weed and other grasses .
There is none of the foxtail to beG
foI mand in any other samplce. This is what
be called me to make Great Foxtailnquiry. The seedtalk







mfeet high nd as throwe muck, and mout havefour
branch there oime, a the loer ake hatare
no outlet and the a good time to tell yabou


high. All over this pile of mucking this


the same height, always covering the


bles in general appearance, though much,
larger. It has broad, long, light leaves
and a stem six to twelve feet or more
high, bearing cylindrical racemose 4
spikes from eight to thirty inches long,
tapering at each end, gracefully nod-
ding, and altogether making a fine dis-
play. The spike is extremely bristly,
and produces a very large quantity of
seed, which maturing from the top of
the spike downward, are constantly
dropping for many days. It is much
disposed to branch at every joint, and
sometimes the branches also send up
other branches, and all these terminate.
in seed bearing spikes. The whole plant
is very light. [Here follows analysis.]
Although containing so much nutritive,
matter, none of my animals can be in-
duced to eat it, so that its utility is in
the way of ornament"
If our correspondent has not put this
grass to the latter test we will thank
him to do so and hand in the verdict ,of
the cows and horses. Their judgment
does notalways coincide with that of the
chemist If they relish the grass it ought
to be utilized extensively on our low
lands; if not, it does not deserve atten-
tion.
The manner in which long bui ied seed.
when brought to light, spring up and
flourish in localities where the same
species has not been known to grow for
years, is a seeming phenomenon which
puzzles many. Through the agency of
wind, birds, etc., most kinds of seeds are
pretty uniformly distributed, and are
ready to spring up wherever the sitta-
tion is favorable.
The botanical name of the other plant
sent is SidJ carpiniafolia. We think it.
is sometimes called tea weed or tea
bush. It, is a very common weed in
hammock lands. As might lie judged
from its tough stems and roots, it is
closely related to the cotton and jute.
But for its diffuse branching habit it.
might be made valuable as a fibre plant.
-A. H C.

Barnyard or Cock's-foot Grass.
The above are the popular names of a
grass sent by J. G. 9. The botanic.I
name is Panicunm Crus-galli. Like the
foxtail, it is a stout. branched, bristl.y-
toppeil annual grass, which flourishes on
low, rich land. It varie,. exceedingly in
size according to locality, maturing seed
at a height of three inches or seven feet.
The great foxtail also becomes much re-
duced, so that it sometimes closely re-
sembles the small foxtail of Northern
grain fields. The seed top of the foxtail
is yellow and symmetrical.while that of
the cock's-foot is of a red or brown hue
and irregularly branched. The cock's-
foot grows almost everywhere in tem-
perate and sub-tropical regions, and is a
valuable grass. Dr. Phares says of it,:
"In _Louisiana, Mississippi and some
other States it is mowed annually. Some
farmers assure me that they harvest four
or five tons of hay per acre. It may be
cut twice each season by making the first


it to the best corn fodder, I have been
assured by some that on substituting this
hay for corn fodder their work animals
immediately show decided improvement
and require less corn. To make the best
hay it must be cut when in bloom. Cut
later the awns and woody fibre become
unpalatable and less digestible, and much
of the nutritive matter is lost by shatter-
ing off the seeds."

"FEED FARMING IN FLORIDA.

What One Man Grows Between
His Orange Trees.
In'a Utica (N. Y.) paper we find the
following letter from Florida, written by
one of our correspondents to a friend in
that city. It contains much informa-
tion, and may be considered as one of the
signs of a new departure in agriculture
in this State: -
Replying to your favor of roceut date,
iu which you ask me fora statement of the
productiveness of this portion of our
State, I will now try and give you in as
few. words'as possible a list of the crops
I am growing this season, with a descrip-
tion of same, for the benefit of yourself
and friends who may be interested in the
subject. .
I will first take up. the forage plants 1
am growing, for I am well aware that
there are a great many people in the
North % ho have an idea that our soil
here will not produce anything but or-
anges, lemons, etc., which is a decided
mistake on their part, and I again reit-
'erate the statement I made one.year ago
.to a gentleman of Portland, MIe., that
.were I to use the same quantity and qual-
ity of fertilizer per acre that farmers in
York State use, I can produce double
the quantity of forage here per acre that
they can there. With this introduction
I will proceed.
Fist ou the list comes Teosinte, a
forage plant of South American origin,
and Florida is the only State in the
Union in which it will ripen its seed.
It grows in appearance similar to corn,
with this difference, that each seed will
produce from 15 to 0 stalks, and on gcod
soil will produce from 20 to '25 tons of
green forage. My crop will average ive
feet. in height to-day, and it is but half
grown.
Next comes Pearl Millet, commonly
called "Cat-tail Millei, lrom the peculiar
formation of its seed heads. In appear-
ance it is similar to Teosinte. I eowed
the seed in April and am now cutting my
third crop of green forage. Each crop
would average two feet in height, and I
shall probably cut two or three more
crops before winter.
Third and last on my list of strictly
forage plants cones Guinea grass. This
grass is perennial, is propagated both
from the seed and the roots, is of a rapid
growth, and in appearance resembles
Northern oats somewhat, and can be cut
from four to six timnesduring the season.
Now comes my forage and grain crops.


I have the red mule maize, white millo


I have the red'millo maize, while mile lo
maize and the rice.cf the desert, all fair
cl'.ps. .
Of Indiau corn I have but one variety, :
viz: Brazilian flour corn, which when
ground makes a flriur instead of a meal.
Thisismy first crol, of it, hut Ilam so well
3diised with it th:,t I think it will he the _
corn to grow in this State as soon as its
merits are known.
I will in a few da.s ship ycu a box of
samples of all the alcve. I have about
two and one-half acres in sr"e-t pota-
toes of the folion ing varieties: Provi-
dence, Florida- Reds aild ihe NansEmond,
from New Jersey seed. I have also the -
Pumpkin yam and Clover Leaf yam. All
are doing well.
My sugar cane is making a fine growth,
and stands about five feet, and is now
making joints. Of cow peas, that mature
two crops in a season, I have two varie-
ties, viz: Whippoorwillsand the bluepea.
Of varieties making one crop I have two
kinds, the Clay pea and the Red River
pea.. All are making a heavy growth. -
My Spanish pea ute are doing well and
promise a fai c rop.
It is generally believed in the Northern
States that we can n..t raise grain in
Florida, but that is a mist.ake. as you well
know that my rye harvested last March
would average five feet length of stiaw ,
and wellfilled heads. You may say to
your friends that the above mentioned
crops are all grow between the rows of

a grove of 1,0I0 fruit trees, comprising
the best varieties of oranges, plums,
pears, figs, peaches, persimmons, mul-
berries, grapes, etc., and all grown on
what a great many people who live in
the North denominate "poor saud hills'
JOHN A. (GiERM'oND,
KEUKA, Putnam Co., Fla.
August,., 188;.. -

Topics for Correspondents. .
"SU'GAR CANEr"asks: "Will. you or some
of your corresponded's kindly inform
me through tbe FARMER AiND FBUIT-
GROWER all about the culture of sugar
cane on the reclaimed lands in South
"_ __ -0A+;-_ i ;f


ing o d fr thi t wi Florida, ands the manufacture 0o f riot
this gra yields from thirty to fifty granulated sugar, syrup and molasses, on
bushels per acre. So far as I can judge granulated suga sav n t orthree hundred
fromlthe different grainsiadted to to oa large scale. say two or three hundred
from the different grains adapted to this rousand pounds a day. and what profit
climate ihat I have experimented R ih, may. be expected per "pound or per ton.
that for all soils in this State Kaffir corn m b reported to yield five six tu-
is the king of all sorghum grains. It I see it reported to yield five or six thou-
will stand prolonged drouth and will sand pounds per crte.".
also do gell on moist land. The grain G. T.h G. asks for information in regard
weighs 60 pounds per bushel. Ground to "grub machines for pulling up pal-
and bolted it makes goo flour, and is an mettos. ..
A 1 feed for horses,, cattle, swine or ,F. writes: "I have a cow with'calf
poultry. Of course I can give you no four months old, which gave eight and
estimate of my crop. as I have but just ten quarts of milk a day till lately.
commenced harvesting, but from the Now, although she appears in same con-
appearance now I shall have a good crop. edition, she will not let down her milk.
I think it would be one of the finest To get any milk at all I have tomilk her
crops that could be raised in New York three or four times a day, and then it
State for ensilage or for feeding cows comes in small quantities. Whatshould
when the pasturage gets short, be done in such a case? An answer
Next in.order is Yellow Millo Maize, through your valuable paper will be
which belongs to the same family as valued by me and probably by other
Kaffir corn. The grain of Yellow Millo readers."
Maize is of a deep yellow color, and the A C e e anxious to obtain the
kernels are about the size of small pop- nteA proceedingssv of the meeting of
corn, while the grain of Kaffir is about the ^ Florida Fruit Growers' Assoeation,
size of a grain of wheat, only it is round. thel ai Jacksonville, from January 20th
The color is wbite with smallred spots. heldstd Jsonve Ter mis an article in
My crop of Yellow Millo Maize is fine. that pamphlet on the culture and fertil-
am now harvesting the heads of grain, t n tee which is wrth-
andlike Kaflir corn it will keep ripening iznbe otre elied win the rFAehe
grain the balance of the season. This of being republished in the imml-
ciro:p requires a rich soil to do its best. AND Fu iT-GRowuceR.' anyWesalul be pa-
It will commence to ripen its grain in to reproducaer, the able pa-
one hundred' days from planting, and pers of this character, time they:ar app-
will yield under good cultivation fifty cable to the present ne.
bushels per acre or more. Like Kaffir, E. W. 0. wishes to know how to comrn-
the grain makes good feed for man, municate with, the National Cotton
beast and fowl. Planters' Association.
-Now comes my crop of large African To the inquiries of A; E. M. three res-
millet; also a sorghum. The grain is ponses have been received. Two ofathem
fine white ; it yields an immense crop of have been public ed and the third will
grain, and when I tell you that my crop appear innet inuet ie.
is the talk and wonder of all who see it, m Two communications have been pub-
you can judge that iB must make quite a shed inresponse to g. E. S.'s inquiry.
show of grain. I commenced harvesting
the heads of grain yesterday. Itprequires F.d H.F. will find the information he
120 days from time of plantingtomature desires in next number. .
the first crop of seed. The stalks will Answers will be found'in the present
average eight feet in height. Like the number to questions by G. H. S., J, F.,
rest, it keeps making and maturing grain J. 0. S., H. W. R., J.C 0R. and S. F. W,-
te balance of the season. .
Now comes Early Orange Sorghum in a awn G ii .6s
Cane Of this crop I did not secure a Good Lawn raises.
first-class stand, owing to dry weather at S.F. W., of Columbia county, sends a
time of planting. The grain of this is specimen 6f Eragrostis cdiaris, and J. C.
used as feed for horses aid cattle, while R., of Lake county, sends one of Era-
toe stalk is used as forage, or ground groslis Broumwe. The former may he
and made into syrup. I have some found from Key West to the Georgia
which stands eight feet in height. Any line, but the latter we supposed to be
crop of it as it stands is about an average confined to the northern counties. How-
crop. ever, some plants follow new railroads,
The next is Early Amber cane, which and our correspondent remarks, "I find
is not up to the average as a crop, owing it growing along the railroad track.
to dry weather, and it is better adapted Cattle glaze it close."
to low land than to the high land 1 am These and some others of the dozen
growing it on. species of Eragrostis found in Florida,
My next is Benson's mammoth white are extremely pretty grasses for thedoor
millo maize, a native of South America. yard, forming little mats which spread
The grain of this is of apure white and from a central root. Unfortunately they
about the size of yellow millo maize. It are annua's, and are not of much service
requires good cultivation and soil, and in spring, but their growth continues
is a very finegrain. My crop is about an untif winter. The seed can easily be
average one. It ripens in about 100 days gathered, but it would be useless to sow
from planting. I it except in house lots where the land is
Besides theabove mentionedsorghums in a firm condition.-A. B. O.1:


GROUP OF MERINO SHEEP. (Ram IKE 88, Owned by H. V. PGoSLEY, Plattsburg, Mo.


P :- RICE $2 A- YEAR







FLORIDA FARMER AND) FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 14, 1887


lo n paid to manufacturing processes
f rf* ,dand a 'e and the transference of the orange to
Other shapes. Here where I am at
-present located I find in the stores dried
THE QUESTION: OF QUESTIONS orange and lemon peel and orange cider,
"all coming, I believe, from California,
Present Errors Pointed out and and I of course find jellies and marma-
Present lades, the product principally of the
Remedies Suggested, mahufactories in Scotland and England,
BY J. K. HOYT. the fruit to produce them being brought
thousands of miles. Mr. Gladstone laid
There are many questions connected himself open to ridicule once upon a time
with the orange business that-are more b proposing t,. the farmers whbo.e crops
of local than public interest. How best had failed them three seasons in suc,:es-
Sto raisethem, what soilsare best adapted sion. the cultivation of inmali fruits and
to them, the varieties that will be the the manufacture of "jam." But. I am of
most productive of profit; these and h opinion that the capacity of the or-
many other problems will continue to ange to afford delight is by no means ex-
agitate the growerswithoutexciting the hausted, and that the time will come
outside- public. 'To the people of the when no inconsiderable portion of the
North an orange is an orange. They crop will be retained at home until it is
judge pf it by its size and its interior put into other shapes for the delectation
merits, and they on the whole prefer a of the human palate. He who makes
Florida orange to any other,-butl as- to tw6 blades of grass- to g'row where one
.- hQw it is cultivat.ed,.and-whether it pays only grew before-isa public benefactor,
the grower they do not care a button, and he will be no less who, instead of
They rejoice in low prices, and it will not theorizing as I am doing-now, shows the
do for the grower to presume too far on farmers practically how to so utilize his
the willingnessof the North to pay a fruits as to increase with reasonable cer-
lai~ge advance for-Florida fruit over the
large advance o Florida fruit ever the dainty his chance for a profit. But to
foreign. We pay here what is demand- come back to the crude article I would
ed for eamly fruit and vegetables, but say,
when competition becomes active it is Fourthly, that while I doubt the plans
not every one who will stop to consider that hover around the cold storage pro-
where the articles come from. Then ject in Jacksonville I am impressed with
again, immense quantities of "Messinas, the feasibility of cold storage in all the
taesan oegy of cold storage in all the
"Havanas" and other, foreign oranges great 'cities of the North. I think it
are sold as "Floridas," and as I have would work disastrously to pileup a mil-
seen the same thing done in Jacksonville lion of boxes in one place, waiting for
.I-can hardly find fault with its being the mountain to come to Mahomet, but
doie in New York. It is evident to me if the' million of boxes could be held in
tbmd the- Florida grower must make up
hismind to' Face competition fromwhat twenty cities where they could not only
his mind:to-face competition from what- be kept safely, but where the buyers. .
ever quarter it may come, and to me the could see the fruit, I should not doubt the
difficulty, if there is one, is not to be could see the frt, I should not doubt the
overcome by looking to Congress for. a To accomplish this it would be neces-
S high tariff on fruit, but by, the adoptionary to select men ofknown means and.
of such meth.'d, as may c.mmend them- probity, but bis would be no more dif-
selves to our c.:mmon sense or. to the prt, bt h wucn b ue s no mr if
b; .s methd '.. the .. ,d wrld. u.hU n o 0find action houses of like
T* biness methn': of.t. the ilized worl, prob.-ity and capital. What we heed is
Thr -i t.L -n o 't .hE- on cr'op the right svitem al, the working of, it
Florida to:, disp-e oft t' orange crop ,.,,t w-.uld'be eav .

when it i. ..ul.. .i tieble the present That is aboit all Ihaveto6 say.on that
Tb"- .'r," '-'F" i.uE, hi ., ate pe. iuij,=ct to d.Iv. ilit I would fain say a
TeeFlorida Frui tEx.:-e attempted w,:.! d i in. Qti (:.? t the commission men
to solv'-e ibis problem b a- v'-temofauc- :f te ,.t ,.I coe. Ith s come.
"" f t lie N:.',tU L t ,:.to'e .I close. It lids come
tion sales in the large cities, or by other- to be the fashion to abuse them without
wise distributing the crop over a larger mer.-y o.rdiserihinatioi., and whenever
Sarea-.. Itisthe .piion. of many that if man d.e:.s not realize from hi con-jign-
the Exhb'angre could have had the hand- mn.s what he hoped fo-r, h. is apt to
lipg ot all the crop that it would have cosier is agnt a racial and to accuse
sucee:ided in its laudable efforts, but.our him of putting wore in his pckets tban
people are im pati ent to -reach results, wa entri ld to. That there are apt
... _t- Ur as e'i' 1.llli.d to% That the W
anid the ierurn or a check for ten' cents to be black sh.-ep in every family is un-
S for six boxes of oranges diJd more harm questionable, and men ave solicited ad
+ te Echa e hanallits" I t quet ionable, and men La. solicited a.d
to the Exchange than all its r.trta-- obtained co.n-ignments whose purpose it
tion, of good intentions could removein was to cheat, but as a cla-s I believe the
-a year in that neighborhood ... .w ea;
a year i that neighborhood. commission men to be as honest as any
Now I hear of a new plan, that seems other class of merchants, I mean those
1" eS~l )etU~tlu C In mean-l toh.. ....
to me still more Quixtic. and that 'is to who have 'stores and a reputation to
build up a cold storage. in Jacksonville, maintain. Let the shippers use more
and .force the buyers of oranges to go caution and ship to no one who is not
there for their, fruit, the same as buyers well recommended, and then if the re-
of grain go to Chicago or Milwaukee. turns are not satisfactory they may at-
The objections to tis planarefew. but tribute it to the markets and nt to the
;- ." tribute it to' the markets an &A t th
potent. There is no similarity between me We there is a glut in shipments
grain anti t 'U ;one: Wrii not eazsi spoill, men When ther is a... gU in+ sh...i--men-t--
grain and frit;-one will not easily spoi. of course the merchant with perishable'
S.. the other goesto the dogs quickly, unless ,od on hig hands has to work hard and
!p"cially cared for. Wheat is gradud. make iacrinces to get any returns what-
but all of the same grade can be put to- ever, and there is no time or margin for
getber in an elevator and kept. till cheating. I saw 800 boxes of tomatoes
wanted; oranges are of many grades and come to one commission house in New
they cau not be vertied except by actual York in a single day. Of course they
hAndling, and often orange-s that are had to be sold at a lbs or not at all, and
careftulliy packed need to be repacked at it was not his fault if they brought, ut b1`a
their destination, leading to a shrinkage dollar a bos. Men who are late in their
.... ,,dolla a b.ox., .Men$ who+t are late in their
c. a large percentage, and where the shipments cannot expect large returns.
buyer has to# run the risk of the market, sip Florida tomato coming einto ar-
." .J I I "" .. is sI SFWlorida tomatoes cominglinto mar-
with its ever varying competitions he is ,on the heels of the products of Dela.
not likely to take the risk of the fruit, ware and Sout.h Jersey gardens that
being bad also. I do not say he would were offered at fiflty cents a bushel
not come to Florida aund buy some fruit. basket
S I only say that. that does not seem to be as k. grower in Florida wi,- es in-
the way to increase the trade. A dealer for ati6n rn regard to reliable Noithe n
in fruit has a hundred Ways ofisatisfying fraini eadt eibeNrte-
Strut as ,' _e w .-g merchants I shall be glad to furnish it.
his customers, while the grower has but;. NEWAR, N. J. Sept. 2, y87.
-a of saifyn !D NEWARKL IN. d., Septi.- 2, 1887.
one way ot satisfy ig his pocket. and .
Sthat is to sell his crop at fair prices. To ., t
encourage the merchant to substitute Mailing Plants, Cuttingsi, Etc.,
other fruit is certainly a novel way of In sending plants by mail peat moss
meeting competition should be used for packing and oiled pa-
What then is to be done? I can but t/f- per for wrapping. The moss may be
S fer suggestions. found around any 'bay-head-where
In the first place. in harmony with white.bay and the like are found-and
the progressive ideas of the age, I'say we should be partially dried. Oiled paper
must look out for new markets. Wheth- may be obtained of James Douglass,
er this is to be accomplished by individ- Jacksonville ,and of others perhaps), at
ual or organized effort I leave to others 10) cents per quire, plus postage. The
to determine, but it is the fashion in oth- following article from the Pacific Rural
er branches of commerce for each man Press will interest many :
to look out for himself, unless it may be Most cuttings will admit of being cut
that capital takes a business up and acts severaldays before using, and may there-
for others. But if Sicily, Spain and fore be mailed some distance with im-
other countries bordering on the Medi- punity. Rose cuttings will, if soaked
terranean have the world for a market thoroughly before using, and clipped
why should not we? The consumption freshly at the ends, bear a week of wait-
abroad is very large and the ability to ing before they are planted. Geraniums
buy fine orauges is greater in England are all the better for a few days'drying
and France than it is here. The English out and may pe mailed, if trimmed back
especially, pay fabulous prices for early closely first, without any previous soak-
S. and desirable fruits, and it need not cost ing in water. As a usual thing, how-
:: much in money or effort to convince ever, cuttings, after being closely trim-
them that Florida orangesare the best in med. should be soaked for an hour or
S the world. I have heard of our fruit two and then securely wrapped in cloth
S reaching England i'ngood condition, but and paper. No further precaution is
I do not think enough:has been done as necessary, except a thorough soaking in
yet to test that market thoroughly. It fresh water at the end of their journey,
might pay for the fruit growers to send before planting.
a competent-man to the other side to in- To mail plants s'lfely a long distance
vestigate the subject and to consult with requires a wooden box, not pasteboard
S the fruit merchants there. (a cigar box does very weli for a fewi.
Secondly, no man, in my opinion, and packing tightly, so that the plants
should place his whole reliance on his may not shake around or their roots be
S" n orange crop.- Industry here, as in all disturbed. Where the weight is not too
: farming countries, should be diversified, great, wrap the rooted in a tight wet ball
and this might bedone here even in the of earth and tie securely in acloth.
line of fruit'cuJture, while I am inclined I have had flowers sent very nicely in
to the belief that he will be the most suc- hot summer weather, by taking large
cessful who does not have too many potatoes. cutting them in half and hol-
irons in the fire. lowing them out till they were merely
There is enough in the fruit business shells a half inch thick or so. Take what
by itself to give every man all he wants flowers you wish to send Inot the most
of work or profit, but, the fruit should delicate and perishable,, freshen them
not be all of one kind. The lemon busi- in water and inclose in the two halves of
;~S ness is growing in importance and the potato, firmly tying-and wrapping ir.
:. : should be encouraged, and there is an- Bouquets may be mailed for a short
"- other that I am surprised has received distance by dampening them all over
noatten'on whatever---.ncuhivationof first and then inserting in a box either
," the citron of commerce. Here is a fruit of strong pasteboard or thin wood,
that certainly ought t~o do as well as the stems upward the stems being inserted
orange, the product of which is a rsgu- in a false top which fits tightly into the
hlr article of commerce. 'What is-done top of the box and has a hole to admit
itli the pulp of the citron in the coun- thestema. Abovethe false top .hestems
trieshere it is grown I do. not know, may be secured either by wire or string,
bta'here it could be turned into citric so that the bouquet remains immovable,
acid or other shapes equally: saleable, and the cover then fastened (n.. In this
And this leads me to i way. for a short distance, a bunchpf cut
Suggestion third, an increased atten- flowers may be sent quihe safely.


PEARS AT THE SOUTH. rietie.; from the L.?b'ri... -t eies. whi;lst
They are much more hiIlly andL hardy.
Influences Affecting Flavor of We have already t,:,o maus v r'ettke.
Fruit, Bearing, vEtc. and every new one added should have
rut, Bearing, E. some decided merit over any of the old
Col. Dennett, in the New Orleans varieties, or else be discarded at once.-
Picayune, offers the following in regard Southern Planter.
to a fruit which is growing rapidly in NOTE BY PROFESSOR DUBOIS.
favor in this State:
The LeConte pear bids fair to be a. The ._-UFt.tX:' has already given us in
success in Mississippi o.nithe gulf coast, the Cynth1iana and Norton, the "true
'tJ= ; ""e""e: '" '"*; cltPg o t E-.[ "n mat "
in the pine hills, and in all Fati-1of the. v. ineig.i-apeo the ccutrY," and we hard-*
State. On our farm, in latitude 81J de-' Iv 1-v bu.-,w seeill;e-,,COild improve these. .
..... ... -- .. w.') var'l.ttlec, wihl,':[ Ii would not ex-
gr =.es. in the pine regiunw e ha 'e raised t e .....
L,,('onte pears thil seaz.,n weighingla range for any Eu" p-,en grape. What
p,-,und: smallest circutmteience1ll inches, We want, here in the South, is a wIite
largest stem 1irciumference 13 inches. seedling ofthe ortonor Cynthiana, as
When thoroughly ripe thley were in fla- none of thewu American white r-Apt.:
vor nearly equal to the, Bartlett But already known will give us full satistac-
we are satisfied that soil, season, climate tin. D.
and cultivation make great differences TALLAHASSEE, Fla.
in the quality of this pear. This is per- .
haps the reason why some pronounce it HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED.-
an inferior pear, only fit for canningand -
for preserves, while others prnunce it Few of, Many Expresons o
excellent. The same facts hold goodAFe f an Expressions ot
with the Kieffer. Our pears evidently Approval.
have much finer flavor this year than Mr. R. J.Wright. of Tangerine. writes
last. We have about an acre of young as follows: "Your paper has more than
- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e 'b. .. a olw:orf ap c a more than
LeContes which are uncommonly vigor- ,held its own, and is getting better 'every
ouis. None of ours show signs of blight. week. There is a freshness about it that
We hear of one at Brookhaven which makes every' number an agreeable sur-
seems to have been struck with blight.%, ,
We are not informed whether it was p ise. .
grafted first or came from a planted cut- Mr. Ezra A. Osborne, the owner of the
ting. immense cocoanut groves on the south-
Most varieties of pears have a much ern coast, writes from his home in New
finer flavor if picked from the trees be- Jersey: ".'The FARMER AND FRUIT-
fore. they are ripe enough to eat, and GROWER is ahead of any other paper I
ripened in the shade, in the dark-in have seen in showing us NorthernerE the
drawers or trunks. Take hold of the great agricultural advantages of Flot -
pear as it hangs oh the tree and raise It ida."
'up a few inches, and if the stem breaks Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
it is in good condition for harvesting- stationer of Palatka, writes, under date
if it does, not break, let the fruit hang of June 1:' "'Your FLORIDA FArMER AND,
awhile longer. FRUIT-GRoWER is a perfect success. It
We have nice-pears, supposed to is far ahead of anvtIiug of the kind in
beBarlletts, from an old pear tree from the State, and every one interested in
which we took a ring of the bark from horticulture or agriculture should not be
the body about fifteen months ago. The without it."
tree is over twenty years old, and never Cap R. E. Rose, president of the St.
.: Cat. R. E. Rose,president of the S_.
bore or blossomed before this year. Ts IC loud Agricultural and Improvement
tree and our experiment were noticed in, 'c writes from Kissimmee, under
our columns last season, ,date of June 10th, as follows: "The
WOOD ASHES AND PEAR BLIGHT.. FARMER continues to improve, aud, as I
-As pear culture bids fair to be Cu- pie'l-tted, is bec.: ming tle standard ag-
gaged in"extensively at the South. m- r icuuLiral iroiurnal cf the ottth."-
p.'rtant fa'-ts about -fertilizers be.t Mlr. G M. Wheiston,(i of Mikesville,
adaIpted to tlji, fruit sL.huld ble paTti'ru- Colmlumbia county, wviites under date of
lail.N noticed by Souithern ponoloaists. August 30: '-The FARMER AND FRT.rrT-
Here is whatErnest Walker says in GRUv-Ra is the best journal of it? kind in
Meehan's Gardener's Monthly ; the South. It is doing a good wsrk
As to the value of w:'d ashes in not toward advancing farming industry in
only preventing but cut ing blight in the Fiorida."
pear, thbtre can'be but little doubt. Coal Mr. F. S. Sprague, of Federal Point,
ashes have been also advocated and expresses Lis opinion asfollows: I have
tried, but they have not the same value; taken agricultural and horticultural pa-
and when contrary opinion has ex- pers for years. and unhesitatingly pro-
isted it originated in the following way. noune" the FL'IRIDA FA"RMER AND-FRmr-
Horticultural societies have discussed GROWVER far superior to them all. You
the question a great deal of late, and tbe need not entertain fears for its success.
"burden of proof" is with wood ashes- Its merits will win its way. Pleasesend
negative resulthcoming in every case me an extra copy to send to a friend in
(so tar as I havelTearnedl from those who Michigan. who will probably wish to
have used coal ashes. Coal ashes are subscribe."
beneficial, but wood ashes, it seems, are Mr. IrvigKek of the Bow lin Green
preventive god curative. In some cases Land Ireck of the Bowling Green
it may fail, so do what are recos-nized Ln'itea nd Improvement Com\pany,
by doctors as the best medical remedies. think Tt E FAeR AND FRUIT-GMROWER
Mr. Fraily who resides in the north- the bet to be had for farmers in Flor-
ern portion of this State, first called my ida. We alwatt s get-new idrlear from it."
a~nt~^^te. enye ida We alW get new ;de-a fromn it.",
attention to this t'medy. Fifteen years
ago a numberofpear trees in his orbhard Mr. E. WV. Amsden. o:f Ormond-on-the-
became badly blighted, apparently be- Halifax, whites as follows : "I am tak-
yond recover'. One or two of the trees ing ten papers on agricultural subjects,
which he allowed to go too far died. and if asked to surrender the FARMER
But the rest he restored to vigor by a AND FRuri.GRt(Cw-R, I would tell them
coating of wood ashes under the trees. to take the other nine, but leave me
Since that time hlie has kept upthis prac- that. May peace and plh-nty and years
twice and the original trees are healthy of grace Lie given you to continue the
and bearing annually. In one or two goodwork."
instances where a tree, .perchance, was e W o ain c
oveti looked, the blight showed signs of Rev. T.W.Moore, of Marion county,
reappearance, but by immediate atten- writes: "I believe your paper will do a
tion he stopped it in e-very case by again good work in disseminating new ideas in
resorting to wood ashes. -s a remedy regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
here. and in the caseof thepeach boier, *a'iring. etc."
as well as a vegetable tonic, the value,-,of Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
wood ashes is being recognized,.but not "Judging from what I have seen of the
as rapidly or universallyas it ought. FAeRMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, it is the
S. best agricultural paper published in the
Growing the Date from Seeds. South. I predict immense success for it."
Editor Florida Farmer and 6.-uit- Grower: Prof. S. N. Whitner, of the Agricil-
In response to yours of August 19th in tural College of Fli ida, writes as fol-
regard to planting date seeds-first, eat. lows; --I can say in all sincerity, it ha-.
the dates, by all means Then the seeds exceeded my mvstsanguineexpectations.
may be planted either iu the ground or Already it is without a peer iu all the
in. pots. If the gr(.und is not wanted South."
for other purposes. (where 'they are to Mr. Charles W. Stevens, of Orange
stand) dig deep and thoroughly fertilize, county, writes: 'Your paper far ex-
Then plant the seed three or four inches ceeds the hopes of the most sanguine
deep, two in a place, so as to be sure of in its good work. It fills- a want
at least one plant. If planted in summer long felt in this part for a good ag-
they will be up in a month or six weeks, ricultural paper. Success to you." -
Cultivate thoroughly, and in a year Mr. I?. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala-
they will be large enough so that every bar. whites: "I am delighted with the
one who comes along will not step on FARMER AND FRUiT-GROWER, and rec-
them. ." ommendit to all on account ,:f its com-
If the ground is wanted for something plete adaptation to the wan' of this la-
else for a year or so. it is best to culti- itude.
rate in pots until they are of good size. it u i odi, r .-
Use very rich potting soil (a compost of Mr. C. H1. Goodrich, of tOrane Park,
sifted, well-rotted stable manure, sifted writes:-GI must say that' the FARMER
leaf mold, charcoal and yellow sand, is AND FRUIT-GRio tER is decidedly te. best
good, though any rich soil will do"i. Be publicathieu of the kind in the Sptate. 'h
sure and place a riece ci broken potk etem all and canomparetheir
over thedrainage-lole in the bottom, to merits." .- r. I
keep roots from running through, and Prof. D. L. Phaies, the eminent pro-
keep the pots ounk ia the ground up to fessor of biology in the Agricultural Col-
the rinia, in a half-shaded place. Two lege of Mississippi. says in the Southern
and one-half inch pots are a good size to Lie Slock Jonrnaa: "His [the editor's]
use, for a few months, and then ihift as valuable paper already appearing in the
the roots require. Seeds of the different first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
species of Ptienix germinate the quick- tion and prediction. They may be fully
est and easiest of all palm seeds, relied upon for conscientious correc-
P. W. RE.ASONE.R. ness of statement and scientific accur-
ROYAL PALM Nr'REERlE$. MNAEE, acy of detail."
FLA., August 3d, l.87. Hin. J. Wmi. Ewan, writing from
--* Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly
Seedling Grapes. you are doing a good work- in establish-
The influence of grape culture by the ng anenig.t
propagation of the vines ty seeds has ofn agriculture, which heretofore has
Pbee vr grc -"t N r perf ect i een seriously neglected. Your paper is
beeu very great. No father perfection nviting in appearance, pure in senti-
can be gained in varieties without adopt- t and progressive in principles and
ing this method of propagation; and the wente, amust supoceed "
success which has already attended the cutel must suceed.
labors of Rogers and others afford hopes Mr. Thomas Meeban. the distingished
of even more important results. It is horticulturist and proprietor of the Oer-
believed that only tne--Eith,,lisand Cord- mantown nurseries, in a letter dated
ifoha .:,r Ripoiiatspecieswdlgive us the March 5th, writes: "*I am very much
true wine grape of the country, and if pleased with the FARMrtR AND FRUIT-
their size can be somewhat increased, GROWER, and shall read it regularly,
they wil[ nlso be the best table grape. which you know is a high compliment
We- have them already as iaige as the tor ap editor to pay to an exchange."
Catawba; and they are more juicy, of 'Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
'finer flavor, and less pulpy titan the va- follows: "I look upon. your paper as


,ne of the n ',t L.alut il.vle a.idh'liions to
O'ur agricultural interests. It is ably
edited, practical, directs attention to
matters of primary importance in the
development of our various industries,
and carries with it a spirit of energy and
enterprise that must address itself to ev-
ery searcher after information."
Mr. L. H. Armsti',on,' of St. Nicholas,
Duval county, whites under date of
April 26tli, : "THuE FLOCr[.A FARMER ANDi
FRUIT GROWER has tar surpaszsed expec-
tations. It sheds light on many ,ob,-uie
l,,ge in the boo-k ,',t Flo,,rida's r.ossibiLi-
tie- in fiuit. forage, live -t.-ck and in the
development i of hLer vaast lor'e ot hidden
resources."
Mr. W. C. Plyley, ot Orange Heights.
writes, under date of July ?: "You can
not imagine the solid comfort I get from
the sensible advice given in the FAR MER
AND FRUIT-GROWER in all matters per-
taining to the farm, from your able
corps of contributors and the logical
views of thie editor. The paper is a God-
send to the granger who is threading
the labyrinthan ways of Florida farming
:and fruit growing." -
Mr. P. C. Minnich, of. Waldo, writes:
"The new paper is just what all engaged
in tilling the ?oil should have. We like
the style in which it is managed. Fai:ts
and not boom talk is what ie needed tor
the advancement of Florn Ia."
Mr. Percival Brewer, ofMonmouth,
Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: "I
think your paper the best agricultural
paper published in the South."
Mr. J. V. Dansby, of Pensacola, ex-
presses himself as follows: "The FARmER
AND FRUIT-GROWER ie the lest thing in
itsway I have seen. It is juisi the paper
needed, and if you keep it up to thle pres-
ent standard of excellence must become
Popular with the people.; I can't see
where you hare left any room for im-
provement."'
Mr. J. R. Campbell, of Paisley, writes
to us as follows: "Out of five papers I
take, yours is the only one I read every
word of."
Mr. John A. Germond, of Keuka,
writes, under date of July 5, as follows:
"I consider the FARiER AND FRUIT-
GROWER the peer of any' agricultural
paper .,ul.li-.ed in tit S.:,uth." -
Mrs. A. H. H., of Wiunemi-Het. Fla.,
writes as follows: W\Ve aie new comers
and have much t,. learn, andyour paper
i6 just what we have wished for ever
since we arrived here. -Ou, Cosy Cor-
ner'contains just what every womanin
Florida ought to read, words of encour-
a-ement and comfort. to the homesick,
weary, struggling sisterhood. God
ble..ss-H. H.' May she live to wiite
many words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
are so well suited to Florida. As our
resources in the country are limited.
they fill6 a large want."
Mr. W. W. Dewhurst, of St. Augustine,
writesof the FARMER AND FRUITGROWER
under date of July 13: "Its character is
greatly in adlvnce of anything ever be-
fore priuted in Florida of its :lass, aud
its aim is so near what we have long
needed that I feel it a duty togive it aid.
The farmers and others holding the in-
terests of theStateabove private specula-
tion, must organize to control the Legis-
lature aud they need a newspaper to
educate them and prepare to work out
the subjects for legislation and secure
unity of action."


Mississippi Valley Polltry Yards,

J. FLEICHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
GRENADA, MISSISSIPPI,
Breeds Prize Winning


Plymouth Rocks,. Wyandottes, Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.

GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE AT ALL TIMES.
+EGGS IN SEASON.
Won all the Leading Prizes at the
North 1[ississippi Poullry Show at
Water Valley, Feb. 9 o 12, 1887.
Farmers wishing to Improve their stock can
get SPECIAL BAERGAINS of me. I also sell a
First-Class Inuubatnrmj:
Poultry Journals and Books at Reduced Prices.
iend for Catalogue and Price List, free; or
write for wants., -
Please mention this paper. -


JAPAN CLOVER AND TURF GRASS.
(L itpede-o s tota an,, FcPaspalumplatycaule.)
lUustrated and described in FLORIDAF-FAnMz
,iD FRtIT 0ROWER.

Supplied at 01.00 per thousand, .
-. + --BY-
T. K. GODBEY, ,Waldo, Florida.


Fancy Poultry and Hulintuin .Dos
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties, of Domesticated Land
and Water Fowl.
-----'*L P 3DI r, 1.'r~ 8. "
Also Thoroughbred Young Setters and Houtinds.
Address VILLA. ZANZA POULTRY YARDS
Manatee. F(a.
S HELL POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY
PLUMS AND OTHER FRUITS.
Send for circular. Circular contains a short
history of Peach Culture in Floilda, and hints
as to culture.
.I P. DePASS,
Archer, Fin.


ROYTAL PALM NURSERIES.

MANATEE, FLORIDA.


Rare tropical, ornamental and fruit plants .c
open airt ciIltnreinFlonila, and for the Nort ;:
greearnonse. Also, a ill line 'of 6emt'i-tr ',
treet-, tpianta and grasses, and general n---: o
stock adapted to Florida and tbeSonth
Exotics from India, Atutralia and th '.'W .
Indies, inany of them never betoio r intr'-".
into the Uunited States.
rhe mol comrpleto ,te,;ritiia i '3k:al:-- o
'tropical and semi-tropical plant prMtL2."
Ain-eroia. Dirdoguo maUcL, ptr-i)xJu. :c- I
ceiht of 1 cent-. Fioto2 to all ccstomora
', Rtt'JiJEK L-r'io.
7 ['J h l".'.- '. ;


FLORIDA




Sp~lljFaiier

-AND-











WeecIM JouriaI,

D DEVOTED TO THE


Farm,.

:Garden,


Orchard
AND


HOUSEUR: E01M




H.CURTISS',

EDITOR.

T -;, r,'h.ij. it ra, e t'eor i t e ji ,nig:,tjeCL
ti:. prun:-ir .- -ii ihIrc r;cenin FloriUa, and
Coadl wuir>'.-ir-'.1l a more bveroalo and-
.n.t-nrv eerm lau'nicUturind grea-ir
A tiim E i.jit tcri rigi-caLinul idartriun.nnBof
a TI rge -rAr --i Florida are a u t et 6 ,-t per.
iC6.t17 uiit'J-rEt.d. a iiC-o:util aim out tius iurnal
w;tJ be to *jv-zriOi> the lt "0t rec-ia wthich &have
Li-en anccociplhtue5.1, with thbeexact ui pl'..yrl, and ,1 inflt,. nee6 ifftclting such res -"ts;
aii:, En siiggest estpe-rtun.-TI[. describe new or nitle
rLti.1-. 1'"PS, aU.tE, eIt-:.,a' ar reco-rd tbheprugres-
ohf egri. e u iure iin neighboringSistes.
Cuniui.'nciug rni tne f drat iuuniber and con-
toiiunll tiahnrugLh ree ea fonr "r




Tree Planting,
Ti-cr,. will be qi-iie-;, ot articlecon tr-jt--other
than tino 1- or t io tIre6 group-wLich have
lutV1 M-so- Siri.ieci'id ui rhis [rate. Each ra-
riery w-ill bi: rjewr'rbrd asij'

Illustrated,
And there will benotes from persons who have
had experience im its 'cultivation. This' v i U be
followed by a similar series on

Forage Plants,
And otner subjects willMbe illustrated to a limited
extent. -
Much attention will be devoted to

Live Stock
And iothe home prod action of forage and fer-ili-
zers, two economies waich are essential to suc-
ceeifuil farmimg.
A due anuCiint of pace will be devotedl 10
household economy and to'reports of the mar-
ker6, and the departmentsof

Truck-Gardening,
Floriculture, -
Poultry,
Veterinary
Practice, etc.
willbe contributed to by persons wbho have made
specialties of those branches.
All portions of the State will receive a dne
amount or attention, and their Interests will be
represented by able correspondents. '
tinder no circumstances will thiajournal be-
come the "organ" of any association or locality.
It will start out untrammelled and will repre-
bent all sections, and interests with absolute Lm-
partiality.


Published at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each -eek.


PRICE OF SUCBSCB"IlITON: .
One Year .................... 0
Six Months .................... 1 00
Three Months M0
SP'E, IMEN COPIES pFRE.


Address sunbscnptions and other bnsitnea com-
muIcations to

C. H. JONES & BRO.,
PUBL13HEES.
CommunicatlOns for the editordiial .department
abould be addressed to ..
A. H. CURTISS, Editor+'.'
Jacksonville, Fla.


290


,1







2921


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 14, 1887.


Stable manure is used by truck growers
in large, quantities--often as high a 100
tons per acre. It should be held in H
higher esteem by our gardeners. It is
IRISH POTATOES. useless to attempt to grow large crops
upon poor soils, or upon soils badly pre-
Experiments with Different pared or cultivated, or even upon soils
Varieties and Fertilizers improperly manured. One acre of pota- a
Varieties and -Fertilizers. toes upon a rich, well drained soil, prop- p
Bulletin No. 11 of the Louisiana State early manured and judiciously worked, a
Experiment Station, is devoted mainly always brings more profit than many d
to Irish potato culture. The most inter- acres upon poor, unmanured soils, badly o
testing results and conclusions arrived at cultivated. Therefore, every one desir- s
are embodied in the following extracts: ousof growing truck, especially pota-
VARIETIES. toes, should apply whatever home ma-
VARIETIES. nure that is obtainable, turn under a
The Early Rose was the earliest vari- good coat of pea vines, and supplement
ety planted. The tubers were of fair them both liberally with cotton seed a
size, very smooth, with very few small meal and acid phosphate. Lands for c
ones. The-yield was, however, small- successful truck growing must be many -
a great objection. The quality of this times richer than ordinary farming or f
potato is excellent, and its appreciation plantation soils. e
is shown by its commanding, during the e
past season, at least 50 cents per barrelOVING STUMPS
more than the white varieties. It would REMOVING STUMPS. f
seem advisable to let this variety form a p
portion of the crop for very early ship- Cheapest Method as Learned a
ment. by Experience.
The Burbank was next to the Early by Experience.
Rose in maturity arid in quality, with Editor Floida Famer- ainda -utGrowehr: a
greater producing capacity. It has. As too much of any one thing, no
many qualities recommending it to the matter how gdod it is, if indulged in for i
Southern truck grower, a long time, will lead to satiety, perhaps i
The Canada Victor is a fine potato in a few words on the stump question y
size and quality, medium in maturity might act as an appetizer to some of your a
and very objectionable in color-very readers who may have been surfeited I
r-d. with a deluge of theories of "how to sell t
SThe Jadkson White 'gave us a large our oranges."
number of tubers, with very few large With about the same regularity as the e
ones-due, probably, to immaturity sea serpent, mad stone, divining rod, t
when gathered; it is too late for early etc., come the auger holes, saltpetre, i
marketing; quality.good. kerosene oil and giant powder for re- a
The Peerless is a large producer, grow- moving stumps, and then comes the
ing a great quantity of very large tubers, sheet-iron furnace which is set down over c
medium in maturity and very poor in the stump and the fire started, when the a
quality. It is .an excellent variety for fireman goes away a few minutes and I
late shipments. comes back and finds his stump gone-
EXPERIMENTS WITH FERTILIZERS. out. I saw one of those labor saving
Grounds prepared in beds 8tfeetwide, machines one morning about seven years
opened, fertilizers delositedin the drill, ago. The fireman was shoving in the f
Mixed by running a scooter through light-wood, with a big head of steam
them, potatoes cut to two eyes" and (smoke) on. I passed by a week later i
dropped 12 inches apart, and covered and it was still there. I looked inside- t
witharvested. April 19th. Variety used, ground. The man said it was just th Iea
harvested April 19th. Variety used, thing where light-wood, was handy, but i
Peerless. he had to carry his about eighty rods,
and had used about one-half cord. He t
I "3mlosI u o I wanted me to buy it, as I had a new
S. I place and plenty of light-wood. He t
p. Poo af sc0o. i would sell at cost and throw in the t
Spool -sqoo unty ight.t
a+0I -1raunrc -s0t eso S' I over fifty acres, and after a full investi-8
i imaG, *t'i,,-.a I I I gation have adopted the following t
o I ia'ir vt l .. 'llt... i.- | i: s" method. I prefer to have the stumps
-i I, :,. I.no; "qi ,.i, i about two years old and tfie sap wood t
t-I "TVOntg'11 v I a rotten. Havig previouu.ly taken outi
r.A ..a i:,.) .t i ,al I i all within three ar four feet of any or- i
| I iia,'-.i 'i ,n "i 'Tq'i i I I ange tree, I dig the hole in the- shape of a
i -iFCLld .iT" "'11 0,ii'' | = the moon in its second quarter, about 18 I
Sr I to 10'24 inches dee-p next to the stump, aud i
i'se,' 'a.': ii 5 'i" I slant up on each side and back to an I
.. I angle of about 45 degrees, the angle of.
-*niirea '.ll.. | '- I r rest (for sand) which keeps the hot sand i
*,)q.-i "-" ': from running in and filling up the hole.
S-onu' ploV sqT *s I I I I cut through to the heait'wood of tlhe
I *|'-- i+ir I -0 ; tap root, unless I liavre cut off a large
[ p-3 ...S'. (u'i [ root, which is a good place to fire. I usef
| .- 1 I a log 1;' to 2,1) inches long anu:l 6 to 12
-"a. I inches an diaineter; start the fire with a .i
,- handful of light-wood or chips, then roll t
1. h the log down against the stump and
S ,. ,-+-; -t. 5 -e pack the sand in behind it as tile log and
I '- stum burn. Kkep the log close up and I
[" J- lill in the sand behind to pre ente-cape
S- of heat. A few logs have to be cut to
start with, after hist day their stumps
wMill .1o the rest. Three men make fagoaod
RE.LRKS ON ABOVE. Working crew. I usually saw the old
The soil upon which the above was stumps and cplit them lif large into :
planted was a brown loam, whose pre- pieces easy to handle.
vious culture ha J been of an execrable One man to dig the holes, one to stMart
character. It was prepared as best we fires and another takc-ep the fires oing.
could, but was far from being in excel- can take :ut fioau 4.i to 50 stump s per
lent order. Except th.-,e :platu in vhic hi day, remove ,all raots tiear the Eurlac6
kainit was u-ed excellent stands were and fill up the holes, at aa ,, srt not t' es-
obtained. Tne kainit injured greatly ced 1.5 cents fo,:,r large tlump-. I have
tie germination of the potato lay ab- buried them off for 13 cets, and made
stracting from it the water and leaving g..cd wages. It does not pay tlburu
the sets a. dry honeycomnibed maes oft small stumps under six inches. They
blackened matter. Hrince the caution can be cut out cheaper. Stumps burned
already given of never using this salt on below tile lateral rootsare hald to handle;
potatoes at planting, but on the land, the roots hae to l.becut. of; it requires a
broadcasted, at least two month- before, deep h,-le and a log put iu endwise I
_These experiments were planted Febtru- against tie stump. When an old dead-
ary 2d, and barvestid Aprii 19th. They ending is being elearedl up and logs are
starnih off well, were hoeed and pl.awea. hardy, that isundoubltedly the l.est way,
February '4th5 and March 18th. After atnd then en in una the stumps when they
that time a drouth of unut-ial d ration fall.
set in, which caused the vines to turn When an orange tree is near, set up a
yellow and droop. The potatoes never fire guard, which is easily made :y nail-
reached fuili maturity and didL not make ing a few short. bionaids across two up-
anything like the yields they would have right pieces. The Ftunips will burn off
d'ne with fah' seasons. from 12 to 15 inches below tihe surface,
It is difficult, trhereiore, to draw trom which in my opinion is low enough to.
these experiments any accurate conclu- clear any plow or cultivator. I have not
sions. However. -it seems that a mix applied for any patent on "my plan" for
lure of cotton seed meal and acid phoe- burning out stumps, but if I have to pay
phate has produced the best results, fol- Mr. Cole $*5 for first acre and .1 per acre
lored by tankage, which is a mixture of after the first tor the right to underdraiu
blood and bone t nitrogen and phosphoric my land, I may have to get out "letters
acid). Dried blood forming only nitro- patent" to balance the account.
gen, has not given as-high resulted as cot- R. J. \V.
ton seed meal, .which has also a small TANGERINE, Fla., August, 21, ii87.
amount of phosphoric acid, and this in
time is aided, in its productive capacity
by the addition of acid phosphate. The Cheapest Fodder for the South.
injury to" the stand wherever kainit This has been a good season in most
was used,-leaves it still an open question places in the South for fodder corn.
whether potash is needed for fertilizers Wit.h four plantings. made in May, June.
for potatoes. July arid August, field peas planted with
POTATOES WITRH CANE. the.corn, plenty of good material may
POiATOES lTlI CE. always be furnished for soiling milch
I.Iearn- from Houn.- Theodore S. Wil- cows through the summer and fall, and
k'finon that hk: ba-s grown earilv potatoes dry forage for winter, besides roasting
fornimrket thisyear between his rowsof .ears for table use. If the land is rich
cane withoint aby detriment to the lat- ad deel plowed before planting, and
ter When tpea vines ti-have been turned then. cultivated shalloww, an amount of.
under for te planting of p ane, and rows corn fodder and; p~ea vines can be- made
se., a fee -bidethi practice promises on a single acre that would astonish the
succss.especially if the potatoes. be most incredulous. We doubt if asmuch-
-properly .aud heavily manured. -The gooi wholesome cow food, green and:
-residu'left b:vtbe potatoes, and the cul- d, can be made on fouracres of landing
hehlithi'di n i efctha-toathescn inudtioths ny other .way at the same cost-as in
bferigrholy beneficial to the cane in its three or four plantings made in this way..
a-i.ergr-o'- '-b If bad weather occurs so that any por-
;- ".N"2..- -N.'tONS.. tion cannot'be well saved, it can be lib-
W .W thrtheiadundance of stable manure erally used in soiling- the.mich cows.-
tobeaiodp.on v.ry plaIntationand to. Picayune. .'- .: --. -
beoha'.d.tformsthiea.abtesgo0fsNa.w.Orleans. -- ----..':+- '.. :
.o- t'oflmost idtfibng-Ltogether. with.the ---Several acres -if:_ plantains were
e.gfse di.chea'pnesi.,atPlWe..can.grow planted-in the.-vicmiity-of Lake City-last.
pea.v.eStthbere.r s'nb0eaB on.:. whyrou.. spring, whfch-ihave:done. finely. -..-
. soils cannot 'be :conv.erted into the .finest- t:# 5 v -
gardeniloala u,-upon4whidh,: -tich the aid a--TheState Norimat Sch.ool for colored
of propeifrcomii'ercia1 f.ert] izers, masi- "teachers; arTallahassee, -will open on the
*-'mum-. oropgtofpotato-es.cari-be gro~wn.^fir-slconayin Ocobr .. -


- ..=%. .--


A GOOD EXAMPLE.

low a Southern Lady Makes a
Living from the Soil.
We have 'been shown a letter from a
South Carolina lady which evinces such
Model spirit of self reliance and enter-
arise that we have concluded to publish it
early entire--withholding name and ad-
ress-hoping it may furnish a stimulus
or inspiration to others of the sex who are
seeking means of self support: -
Hon. A. N. Cole: .
DEAR SIR-When one becomes a bene-
actor of his race and pioneer of new and
advanced principles in any department
of science, he need not wonder- to have
many applying to him for help and in-
ormation. I read with keenest inter-
est the notice of your new discov-
eries, "A New Agriculture or Waters
Led Captive," which captivated my,
fancy. I am only a woman of the im- 1
poverished South, striving with my
whole ardent Southern blood to demon.-
strate to my sex that none need want-
Ls thousands of us do-as long as thous- 1
Lnds of acres lie unimproved. -I
For years gardening in all its branches .1
ias been one of thie keenest pleasures of J
my life. But I confess that of late
years my successes are not such as they
vere once. I take the very greatest
pains in thorough preparation and fer-
ilization of my garden plats, but for six
)ast seasons I have experienced almost
entire defeat. The drouths here are
terrible and one of my -greatest desires
has been a wind mill to obviate this, but
is yet lack of money has frustrated that
hope. This-week a newhope has arisen,
centred in your plan of subirrigation of
which I read in Colman's Rural World.
If I can by any means "lead captive the
Waters" for my work, I most certainly
will make the endeavor.
I am, in a modest way, also an amateur
lorist. I cultivate hardy plants for the
wholesale trade. At this writing I have
n 100,000 sets of tuberoses contracted for
to a New York florist, to be paid for ac-
cording to size, $7 per thousand for the
largest, $4 for the rest. These require
much heat and moisture, and deep, very
rich soil. I can command soil and cul-
ture, but moisture is beyon$my control.
Swill, if successful, realize $600 on
these, and could easily dispose of $800
worth, if I could raise them of a diame-
ter of from five to seven and one-half
inches. All that is requisite to entire
success is this, to me, to me, unattainable mois-
ture. Can you help me, and will you?
I own five beautiful Jersey cows, and
trust ere many years to be known as a
successful breeder of these beautiful ani-
Yrals. You uo anul:t think this a strange
Jepyi ture for a woman. one reared in af-
fluence and ease. and still in a measure
in quite easy circumstances; but I have
in my life seen so many painful reverses
that I am acting on the precept, "in time
of peace preparpe for war." and am de-
monstrating that a lady can utilize her
talent and earn money, anl retain her
dignity and womanly characteristic.
Here inr the South, prior to the civil war,
we were taught differently,, and it takes
a decade of years and experience to root
these prejudices out of our minds.-
This is a long'letter for a stranger to
write you, but I trust to draw from you.
by it the information desired. What
anust I do to learn the principles of this
new ag ticnlture?
Maost resIpetAfully,
M. J. T.

A Letter from Hon. A. N. Cole.
HOME ON THE HILLSIDE.
\VELL-ViLLE, N. V., August lfa.is I
f l F ', *' i ,''r F aiaiT" ,a itl fi' ta t- Qi'Oti'c'f
Your issue ot tie l';i a is ibis tmometnt
at hand, anI I note eSplecially what ap-
puars edJitorially under hea'. ot "Mn-
igmeent of Sandny Soil." You suggest
at close o your alt;i e on first page ot
your paper ot ,i.te Augus-t iUtLi that
upon mnV taking up residiene in your
State. a thing you are ju.stifieal iu con-
cluding I propose to d.:, that I will beIe
-Sp,-ctedJ to mae a.1 special studyV ofh the
soile of Fic:rida, their eqiuir-enlnts and
adaptations as regain bis ii rigation, etc.
Agaiu. M5r Editor, Viu are right -
ouncluding that I %'illi male your -oilt a
study. I did make them a constant
etudy dtairing my three months' stay
atoung youi people last winier, anid
shall etudy on during the remaining
umer a winters anwintrsdof my life, as trom
my earliestvVouth I hare been stunding,
since, a. w n only ten years of age, I
Iound in the UTnveioal (ieograpliy -'f
Jedediali Morse, a book puhlibhed in
1805, sixteen years before I was born, thep
following touching Chinese agriculture :
-"Thle Chinese agriculture is carried on
to a high state of imprrvemient. On the
sides of their steepest hills terraces are
formed, supported by walls of stone ; the
whole mi-ountain is cultivated to the
summit. A reservoir is sunk near ihe
summit of the mountain where rain-
water is collected and carried around the
terraces, down the sides of tlie moun-
tain." "
It was trom catching at this idea that
I am now prepared, to develop to your
people the New Agriculture, or sub-irri-
gation, which solves .completely the.
problem of earth's regeneiatioi. Not
only did I study soils from childhood to
youth and from youth to manhood, butnt
I am studyingon and ever; and expect
to do-so I'o the close of life. I hope
to be.in Florida as early as October
1st, but may not 'imnprbably te detained
in New York until after the November
election. '. .
During this time, if from ten to twenty
parties, more or less, m 'each of the
*counties will go to work and mix mucks,
clays and marls with Florida sands, each
party confining him-or herself to a few
rods'of ground: no one attempting more
than from 'one to five acres, and- Will
proceed with sub-irrigation atjhe same
-time, let them do so without let or
hindrance, leairing-to the future matters
of royalty, to -be.mutually and satisfacr
toiily arrangedb-wilhassotiates interested
in the p 'tentr.' Fivedolilars will be-bthe
extent of royalty.-for the first acre- po
fraction of an acre, aud one .dollar'-ai


-- a' -


acre at the utmost on all remaining lands 4
sub irrigated
I have now growing on my place sev-
eral thousand -of as fine straisberry
plants as ever produced, which, when
taken up with earth ou the roots, with
no di.turbiance whatever beyond break- -a
ing of fibres of no account, iMa be reset aI'
in Florida any time in October. bearing
a crop of as fine sti awLberrier as were
aver seen a early as Febiuary ur Marc:i.
But nne of tlee plants hli'a-uid be set
an other than sub-ihrigated lhrnda if
satisfactory results are expected. These
plants will l..e f.:.r sale at Leesburg by 0. n
P. & W. A. Ro.:.l. and if parties desiring W
to test our system will embrace this op- Li
portunity of doing so, I will be perfectly'
satisfied, so that my offer is accepted. =
A. N.- COLE.

How to Make the Farm Pay. -(
To make the farm pay it is necessary
to keep up the fertility of the soil, it is
necessary t.-. put back upon the soil as
much fertilizing material as is-taken off. P
With large ar-as of iand under cultiva- X
tion, this is not generally practicable.
The true method for the majority 'of our
Southern farmers to pursue, is to utilize
the greater part of their farms as pas-
tures and to keep just as much stock as
the pastures will sus ainm easily and with-
out abuse.
All the manure of the stables and barn-
yard should be preserved with scrupu- It
lous care and applied to a limited area of
land-such as is in cultivation. A few
acres made very rich will pay far better
than double the number of acres only
partially enriched, Concentrate your
fertilizers, then, upon a few acres. You
thus make back in the hiirea~e,:i pr,:.Jduc- I]
tive capacity- of the' acre, besides the
extra labor and expense of preparing and
cultivating a larger area. If you can
enrich one acre you can maintain its fer- B:
utility and ought to receive double the
yield of land not fertilized.
SBy utilizing three-fourths of the farm
as the pasture afid concentrating all your
manure and labor and energies upon the
other one-fourth, you will find there is
money in farming if you pursue it with J
average intelligence. In order to main-
tain the fertility o:f sj lla rge ant, aea :.r
land as one-fourth of te farm yo:,u may
have to adopt green minturing t:, a large J
extent, growing atn! trilning unEer i.uch
crops as cow peJs, clover, vet:-hes. ic r e,
etc. It will pay. You nmust al-. diver
sify your crop. There is money in farm-
ing if pr,.-per intelligence is. used in di-
recting the malage-ment of farm mat-
ters. The natural increase of thie stock |
ought to paiy a handsome profit. If it is
dairy stock, the sales of milk and butter
will pay you well.-Texas Stockfman and
Farmer.

A-Good Stable Floor.
The horse stable is frequently over the
cow linter so that it becomes necessary
to have a tight foor to prevent the cow
stable from catching the drainage of tIe
liorsc- stalls. At the same time the horse
stalls should he kept dry .and easily
cleansed. This is the wavy we found they
fixed it at the Wisconsin Experiment
Station. Lay the joist, cover with inch
boards, upon which lay tarred building F
paper, then wrap thickly with coal tar, i
in which lay theplanks, being very care-
fil to fill up all cracks with the hot tar. a
This makes an impervious floor. hI
The stalls are nine feet lh,ng and five F
feet wiide, with a five foot passage way J
bIehind lthe hoi'e-. The floor plank under
the hor-es are laid lengthwise of the
Mtall and have a fall of one inch; Ithe
planks in the passage way are laid cross-
wise of the stall and level. Then a rack
fot the Etall fl c.or is made as follows:
Cut four pieces of -xO studding eighteen
feet long, once in the middle, fasten
them together one inch apai t'. using
a1i>?wsi, with four hard wood cross
pieces four inches wide. The first of
these crozs pia.ces at the head of the stall
shjouldh be one inch thick, tae second
"piee ute and oun-thiird inches, the third
pAiece one and two-third inches and the
t,:urth two inches in thickness. This
tftke3 up the fail in the plank floor and
makes a dry level place for horses to
stand. This'rack 1or fl.or can lie easily
repaired at light'cost when the centre
pieces are worn out.
About once a week the rack should le
raised up and thoroughly cleaned under-
neati with a hoe or long handled shovel.
The liqutd manure will then work to the
i ear of the rack, where it can be taken
up with absorbents and thus save the
most valuable portion.-Farm and
Home.


Grape Vines
Su;tad rct the Soil and Climate ot

Florida,
rowr-n and ftr Sal6 ai
4AN LU1h AND ANDALUtIA
NURSERIES,
Nearr TALLAHASSEE, Fla.,
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
8end for Caat.lngue ana order' eialy. Send, also,
p or Price Lis or -

-Florida Wines.

BEaUDA ONION SEED.
I bare no* in.Ntew York, and will receive in a
few days, a btish blot of Bernauda Onlbn Seed of
myowa Lmportation. ThJis variely. of Onion la
well kn,:,we io the gardeners of Florida, having
been succesifnlry grown and tested btrrough'
: J. HOWARD TUCKER,
aa ord, Fia.
OPPY--SEED. -

--: FOR OPtUM OULTTURE.. '
Imported by dirctiioaO'!-Dr. W..', ,Wifn- a
,trrop. A-ihImted ulpply.'at #2 0 pemr poudd, 25
dents-per oince by mail postage prepa.i.. .. I.
-":- -" _" U O. R'.-REYNOLDS.' 4
,41 East Bay'Srreet. Jaek'lontille, Fla;


I


-1


*


New York, Charleston and Florida


STEAMSHIP LINES.

The elegianit .rlcein.iei f trh.':-s i-e r: 5ia :l..- er t':. ,ail .
RlOM JACKSONVILLE. E....... EVEiR TH lURSDAY
rROM1 FERNANDINA. ........ EVERY SUNDAY
strta aetr- are apcl:..-.i -.,il ui-Ta, Pair `-'. E. R, Ner York. rT-r' tUEtD '. n-,l FRIDAY
r n II,.'" ia -'Ap-nil.? for Fernailr.d-ni ar-i Frila, C'i. ; ie n l orJ i':K,.:ririn-.
-VIe Fre.,bt fa-.1 Pa'-euger a.-ciumaiidt.r_. CT tifE L.ne are iital ra's.ed. E ery airention
*ll h'e iaeri'L.-niU -- nrrnit-l t.* th Linre. ID>n,.:t al si rlheli- ir.:'m 'Near York via l.LYDE'S
LORIDA" LINE, Peraa: Eiast Raver. For firtha.rr i'.:,rmast.:.n 'ppli to
. A. STEAD, Ag'r, F. M. IRONMIONGEt, -JR., G. F. & P. A A. LESL[E, Ag'r,
Fprarnlm'irin, Fla. J ,.-k'.:,r.ne, Fr.i. S- W Ba St. .ari.;i.:,iArI& FIR
HEl. G EGER,Tradli, Macr.nger, WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen. Agts,
3E. Bra.a.-lvy,, N. Y. 1: '. Wtirv.lrn. Phiati., Pa Br..adway New York


WUIDE TO FIG C CULTURE.
Tellshoiv to grow ai .:i -|lIr.- ri.- F;g, an.! 0ic.ri i ur nw V- .
,(::IMMERii.L Ml RNA, -
.i7 C.finul F;; .of Commerce," iaI. ir..: fi, er ri; iii tre wi..ri, A s3.),Tro-ic al'and 'i tr-Frtaits
)'l i. : d-tn- : s[ O m: e inUTSnthe e'..unah I,. A.I.p-_- W t',t' iin --" ~
o t LotID.t' HI)rI-AU lT.TUiRAL COMPANY.
-u lei, DlL, r.a..iiti., uFla.

nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DUNEDIN. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY. FLORIDA.
W e- mn e a n.-r e lrIt or the ,isri-r... t -r.:-.,,- ..-i .';iLcr Nnr, r,Tr Tic e:,.h irs D.:.iiblc-
il.r11 1, RT Er-: i Ld- pLr.'. i ll c l ,- c:[Ld, Ot ier ni .: .:' ...ui (.:;ii .:i,.l]4.r, A. Ca Iufirnia' iand
rariurig,.a"'N '.-I.e. M'lltei.- Blo,.l,o n't'F a 1- Irla', n-I rtr... aittr,., Ar-,rl.-_' c-.--lle Tair-eira ne,,
e. Ira L-.-ur-:.ai I hi'- V B a"il Frantei, IH-i i TLr- ariii'.[-J r 'ii .', c rIn- riCd E I.I l-'ka. ..l.i,iT hltI
irues. Pa. ta-i,. Ba.lwelir E.irny, .*r,1.1. PluWiiu, W rIt.- Airoar.e FE ; cr.,er..
.hii S-iOk i largi-e ind al r.n.l.l.-t, rtiiri;r" fieri cl ir. Calalog ne free on application.
A .\J.irs, A. L. DUN..N A Mranaigcr, D|..a I ra Ia .a


CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.
JA_ SOI --TI -MI E, F:, :


?RODUCOE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
*-AND ---

DEALERS IN GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS.
We are no:ir, prepare to turnish

FRESH TURNIP AND CABBAGE SEEDS.
n any quantity desired, and is the season 'dva&-..e will have a full supplyy of
all ee-i. u e-'il in t i'a' c lian lte.

Caiilogne sAent free on appliealion.


FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
Kolsoy, Jaan Plm1s, 01ivY Trees, Oralgus, Figs., Leons, Poausg,
y the dozen, hundred ,:,f i.i:a. iii' l, also a full supply of othb.r Nu'rir--ry -t.:k ad- ipl-d to
Florlda and the Hairi S t ,E-. Au m nc.w i..: :.k n ,:ird- i,. f:. F ill .i.:i ri ,. :
of 1887-'. W-rite lo: Pl P :e- CaItila e fl -I O. Iap..ll: p ...ta.
GLEN ST. MARY NRSERIES. G. L. Tditer, ProD,, Glnt1. Mary, Fla


HE1 LAKELAND-INUIRSERY COMPANY
A 'r in i '.iii.: M .il FR.f ,.,n i.A i Fl i i 'iir..ui .

A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST
Sr7 Ji:':,. : -:,lataiii .'i.e trni E. 8. TrIiON, U.M i.n'.gfr, Lakeiaani, P-, k C'o' .. Fi.,
01S size i0I'00 oioi Lake Kingsley. Clay Co..9onl 10. A
ROE feel i t V V choice 3-acre ir.c for n OR ANGE
1 m nat. I-i,*. -.c-r a i *.tnm :. i. M j.-. cl:.. ,r r,:m- r P. *-7 -h.ll ,r t r5 B I I f
1 Bairk Dr.i( t.:, O tNT. 'fALB,:,rr..a,.t =e .l .,rr-rr7 D ,H1. rt un1.. D A .8 B
L [jLii..it. i.'5i tlhe
T=ROrTOAJTL t-,A-\NID OOIVAlThY,
P. 0. Bos I.S,.aIneklsoi -. ille. rioritda. 39 W. Bay St.








-292


The FloridaFar atindT Fl rmt Gro-rwr on watering horses. I had read an Wherever liquor is not sold there is large'January markets has had its usual effect Larted under its supervision .at virioi Ii
?inf Florida t a r article similar to the one published, but demand for cider It follow close on on the public mind. -H points iu Texas, and determined efforts
cDBTXS dtor one intelligent(?I darkey insisted on va- the heel, of prohibition, and prohibition Unity of purpose and method is eszen- aret beingomadeatbriengabOfifltheonerec-
A. t.CU TISS, Editor. Lering after feeding." is making rapid strides. Sour orange trial t<,, a reform In the fruit market. W e ti., rnEar ,. .TsE.,Ir. seed oo l nc lls, tanneries and otheli facto-
Weo y n a S + Q W e lo ve to see boy s beco m e in terested w ine, p properly m ad e. is very sim ila r to belie ve tha t is co n ced ed H o w to b ring ........ rie.H f ,:,r tse u tilizati e n a t ho m e o f lt h
in rd[ details of farm work. Aboy who Eherry, but we have no reason to think about unity ,of action is the point we are THE FARMERS* ALLIANCE. products of thefarm.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT has an opportunity of studying and thatanythingdeservingtbenameofwine aiming at. It can not be done L,y the The Alliance is not a political organi-
GtOWERlsan eight pager, 8e column mto h stFa- learning to manage intelligently all can be made from sweet oranges. rshat ne a e alone, nor by canva-:se1 s Gjreat Co-operative M ovem ent b -,,r for tIe education of the agri cultural
G rd e, Orchar -and H household Econom y kinds of dom estic anim als, outzht never the possibilities are in (L e line (-f sweet, u l ess they I:,,)s sthe emr rc for i the science of economy ical g ee-
and to tih promotion of the agricultural fiid A o Southern Fames _;ee iment in a strictly no n ia.spirit.
industrial Interests of Florida. Itispublished to long for city life. But'the boysshould jrd and boiled cider, vinegar, etc., Paul." The only means wiclh appears e r a ntin doStretenon-pa from pi-
every Wednesday. be cautioned about believing all they nma,de from the orange, must be deter- to iii effectual is the formation of a Co- Co-operative Union of America is the ercising their individual politically prefer-
Iermnsof Satscription. read, not only in regard to city life and mined by experiment. I" any of our operative nion of Fruit Growersh long name of a new but p.)erfull agri- ences;but no Alliance, asa body, -hould
For one year ........... read, ntol nrgr octylf nimn, yepriet fayo u pr
For ths"1"" fortune seeking," but also in re~a'd to readers h ive experimented in this direr- The urgent need of such organization cuural ,, action formed try union take part in party politics. But the ed-
Clubs of five to one address ...... .............. 7.50 -1t eA i e -
pdFUra.rgth re Unl t rof Louisna. In thiswakes them more or les independent of
With daly TIMES-UNIOW, six months 6-.,0 haveknown personscto reach theiralsot- regard to mthods and results. to the end are ready at hand. Tire Flfo- forwn it is scarcely a year old. Buttheparnesand qualities A. tolo of
With WEEKgLY TIMES, one year ...... .. 2. 5 p lns and quaiti t Pi'koo out
,W-Subscrlptions in all cases cash in ad- ted age without everhaingldoubre the- ida Fruit Growers' Association is an or- Farmers' Unhion an.] the Texas lliane for their own interests rather than for
vance, aNd no paper continued after thetruthfulness of a medical almanac. AN ORANGE GROWERS' UNION. for tene bd coprisisg se.erSal c 1h8 h eaen 300 sina pr cessf 81aebophent "theoieres of the pNati Fan mer.s'
expirationofthetimepaidfor. Thedateon "aof into a yars past. nonin is0 both or- Thes efoer of e a i the deais hav ee rs'
the printed etbel with which the papers aye The idea we wish to impress is the i- igan grown rapidly, espe- the and Co-oeeatie Uionare(al


addressed Ise thhe date teo-tad whic thegh subsrip maobain ds r keigovrnes Wo^ ^ woul s inall lr in So he 50~ twoai yearsa ant i Allanc anderg Co-pitv nic o n are(al
tio IspaldEandIsequivalent to a receipts r portance of cultivting a habit of How can the oranges be marketed iareting o oral c \te would aug-oa ing to ap t twouyes and Texas): President, C W. Macune, of"
payment to that date; if the date is non. thoughtful, critical reading. Therstyle with adequate profit to the producers? test that a special meeting of this body the order now hsover5,00 subordinate o e ron i-p A Teas
changedoimmediately after a new payment, be called at an early day. the object of alliance iin Texas alone, with 21o un, La Picktt of Da-
Jacksonading which preveilskanoojur Cityw All otherswhoihanlie the ab e sure members. Louisiana has 31,000 mer-.P
CORRESPONDErl El soliciteduon elsuboysreat the wichpre dayils amd ofgwhit h oa h hanle the a zesurewc h ll be to adopt measures for the bers ante 30) ss uborinate alliances. and is ae d J. Al Perdeof dewt


CORRESPONDECE olictedS onalsu.b at the preetda, rmn ds u sa iaofy ofr the intr pr ofts rea we ate vled no concern,- oewa fe i~ rne.Ec li- ""*'*' '"oyuioio
Jeers pertaining to the topics dealt with in p we i a S ; n i o t S we nro h e eiz n the Floriat the rotry E. B. rear, ofn, Waco; treasurer,
thispaprWriters maynaffix such signature it w ate nto t seeir nthin is ourselves about their interests, but those thoro g o mittin e Fi te order is rapidly spreading in Arkan- R. F. Butler, of Dallas. president
ois theedirartirls they ir ay fulhonose an retained mustp t h ipt s Tf bodn and td the g e orange growers, and incidentally of saa, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mis- of the Western Alliance iosA. J. Streeter,



flornisthedito wi t I thaei;rea foxtal aameWdreained g e xce ptou the i mpine 0eso.v The wh holden plante and tendped bythe goe, ,.. -, n icrf l nrL.. onc-cadnteonllsbcspraiigo
address.not or publicatonbut as ranweed rash ind. reyreand t thelito-was de sere san berry growers and truck farmerllsissppi, Alabama, Georgia and the Car,) of New Windsor, Ill.. and the secretary
g n r u w c n s a b t uarantee Wesh unde matte for the a nd brogh the o lines Some 50Forganizers areal; work is Milton George, of Chicago. The set-




oGood Lawh GRejeces. cornWE mP- ucaretuilv can-i L ^ At uthis meeting let emria betosoi pr 1e. er u h oe r xmt"ilb icse nti ora ab
oo th.bereturned. groan (they -should groanliterally i, can a reasonable profit on their crops of it tia be pre- a q different Congressional districts, with retaries of the State Alliances are: H. G
A PltIs; RENTStingsertd Etc.;oe at limitedbe keptl away n great measure frompared and a central committee appointed authheitV to appoint deputies. and it is Moore, Fort Worth, Texas; Aug. Post'
extE; i utertento..m Seed See- eway i great meao o e frod ae fruit. Iftheycan not obtaintsuch profit which shall be empowerediandsupplied hoped it"i s hcape atuetIo n W
REMITTANCES should bemade by Check, country boys, and we believe there Is a they must turn their attention to other with tAdA .onrerthe mourhipTOtoberMinn.; H. A. oer. WallrLa-
P o sta Pl N ote ,+ M o ney O rd er, o r R sg lst eru d b ette r c h a n c e p ri t h e be me w e ll wi th th e p r o e i s for th em t ol att wen.alie n t he Son u t b ytc ol ae r sue- lea; J g la nd d i l aey c rop.- f ar
Letter, to or der of lines of industry.eOnlymwithin two or 12, 't'v itr to hthesoldb h ne -j c ot ep o ii.litnhC.iA.iSoeeadrgiHaotfp ,diDa




3m~~~~~~~~~~~c;A~~~~~~~~~t allri-,-, o. know o.rInge grow ^ \ rnl p "*t"'lt"8 ODw c a 'o owb ^ m m er. hs, oran izd toe thenaiorn iatl~ bd willb hedian t Sr m h at fr igreaveen k, .B r ows df feetsileu eb-
FLORIDA FARMER A ;ND FRUIT GROWER, informed than for the modern City boys. three years has it been prudent to ask in ta- te n alled tbe held the i o l and Home.
ploy canvassP:.rs to visit sections not rep- port. La. h ndne
oo + P~.-.ar F.t PJaclksonville, Fal Let them have books or journals which opblic question like the above, so much sdthe ofithe tr e oductrs, syste o a aviation are Hint sto sIMndnt.





B,-,^; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ p ice a^ resent.,oin theoraassoctsonation.n paien.e. Object TiStareo a ubyattelmbofs Twrganizatioonct sonimanmAodeled Hints to CoJ^ D.^ Hoses mueDcatlehog, seep
Tl'ARu TI, OF CONtEN TS., treat of agriculture, natural history, were the interests of reales ate involved first totbe reached being the formation Somw rahat. aoultrhBreds, feeRgDA Fiah
travel and other practical subjects, and in this one product. Any one whore-Iane organized pay a feof $, or which ra t
--)of a working committee in each neigh- .p goes to the national secretary for an v,,ND tocntribteG tRo itRaoluresp artullyi-
FTse FPAri--Angora Goats; Sheep Pasturage it Will conduce not only to their intelli- fused to worship the golden fruit--as s brno nd r tobe attlied peting tto i outtit nde chaos, and ioluntlo" s ubj, cts e artincle
inFlorida-(! -,us-,atet,); GreatFoxtail Gras,,; genre, but to their health of body and the golden calf was worshipped by the fborbooa, tiono attalnliane r nion ah e or it anbize r. Whilr tishad work o teandsotsoall. pubj liepertainingto
Barn-yard or Cock's-foot Grass.; Feed Farm mind. recreant p n traelites--wasvdenounced as an petdb t, e orange rtowers ali all oruo Tha e ie nizero ufet ris woerckmntexp ise5 the farm, garden, orchard and house-
ing i Floida;Topis fo Corespodent. Wesift he mtterfor he FRMERthe rang groers i Floida.The nititionfeeoordechfmmberss..5Thol affirs.The angeof tpicswhic
ing ni Florida; Thepis fort~ o'.ton .i gained wichfist o the matter igorthest Fp>.t- enemy of the State. cents, with quarterly dues of 25 cents. or will be discussed in this journal maybe
Good L.uaewn Grasses. an Time"ha in le ad fortunt" el an d 4ot future metotingsevry eretionshiould e year; it iapt gathered from the'sub-oined table. which
S~cozoD Pn i:74 I he Question of Questions; 'IND F Rluir-GR-W ER vry c reuiy a d i esb re$hIed f ruptlyra byrp es nedradt; q eti nouta-frthesen d esBwo amareno yseaerts g esw a mgheth r
mailing Plants, Cuttings, ,Etc.;Pearsa. e think no very serious errors find their one can now deal With the orange as ay Serm u ggest what g ht Par-
ouh; r^n the Date om Seed;Seed-way into it. But Do one should accept wketos ma then be fully discussed. None dIded, and t ie ord, er has a general con id esa pe attent i on : Te
St G tI Date from "dewh situation which the lubordmare organ- wg.e escape attention
ligGrapes .. withouL.nti eati on pagevery statein Lthat his reputation for patriotism This is a but actual orange grower.; should have .dzationermu~t uot transgress: [out the FARM MANAGEMENT.
T.PA--io n ar otatoes;Removigtnp: appears in print. Ti uemidies that arendy be induce. Tie t o in s t voice in these proceedings, for the latter cal make their own by-laws asub- Meaing land, draining land., crop'afor






~~ ~ ~ ~ go stepe idrtti a~i ihmc op nyfe advane.tsn Tohereai ount in- etgto ('tgr oterpat~ ie fmsiooucjatr oe e st auiln?
cheapest Fpa.grhe ,ontt; A Ex- published for iilnivrto of man, and beast dustrial question which may not now be interest of the wbolesheul be the haiter- .4,t to the provi.,ns of t0i0e cu,,n-ltution, new land, 6ucce-sion of crops, inte.lsive
implt; A Lettevr r',,Hon. A N. C,. I.L; H,)caelal t alfo engwogya-et fec ebr Thus org-anize-dThils organization is distinct from what farming. treatiaen( of different soilv,
diisitmge in ed feel, ando th nbele thabe e may recalled the Western Alliance. The irrigation, Foiling vs. pastureing,tCow-







modlin afer-th TeasStokma. u~ty hs ~vmn-dinFloida vt, e ay ew oveen strte s lae i i alogeherto muh mthd i th believe the fruit growers of Florida, artn-Luy ifl.hor Sapl-P~\.
F.loor.ke r e ir dev odplied t bemaus tof incorrectdgni, isa full and free discussion of theul we bliuee the agroeerhano discipline, and its duesare penning, green manuring.
Fonofza livetock,-rr Page; a Reai -o e etc., and theyoia, has b e ry identienex winter' t on the b uh l excepting sblmepn of the large producers, voluntary. Its local associations are dco MESTI,-' S AMArLS.
Bring. We t v ve, a An orange effects on different patwenti. A critical ths State on a substantial basis. Two Hor Leg tre sougt t act asringen. Act- ameuablt:,e, mnoig oattl e. hugar, sheep,
Gradw.r' Union; dIp Rntur,,adoAh.alod, a habit o mrutadingeShould be cultivated.Ing thus. combining their brain and cap- nation. There is no perfected system oof lawe, soe cttlee hogo, sh mareet,
abl wrter -ae u thir dea ODthemanagement ,,r representation. Some
Lrmu.; Tnen earmers' nce,. especially an a means of mental dis- te wrida oane crop, ideas oalh ital, we belieor they can [flace the or- otheiestts, ho-ld ,et, notabou inera- tatment.
d subject of orange markets recently, but -of testates, howev -er, netaly e, FRTITS .
G Range industry on an entirely different eota, Dakota, Nebraska. and Iowa. have SPECFE 'eRe.-
Fimari Poiv--eu" H.:,tio ',role; eCsu'rIr; le. By acquiringda habitof viewing they concluded to withhold their let-
T he Fa~M dy Fri,,n,.; A~n 'w~rr toas s InC.:,rrt t h e p r s ig.i i b o g h o deut of th s ch os.a d C o tto n see d, co tto n seed m ea l, ba rn -
,rteu; iur it-,.,uive cut, awellaa critically all subject.; that are presented ter m until artery further:gdevelopments. marsil put anendoe to(.n thie ,eiFo non-parhtiran sidr t and y manure, copuanor ground bene, su-
atile otMernoeepweareidebted w i t rapidly losing. he re orind the alin on a o
to.a PS--Tephen .p:.,of;H I.,,' To, r I"),thei nd, and s ofwdiscuhsies of themCertain schoteis for marketing tho oenexti,,.esiret,o e, from ar. who h ave iness like baQiys. While this work iuper'phoslbate, gy psduliai
fo)wi; Foot Ror in "S.heep:; A S~~lrA-with Intelligent persons. a mental power orange crop have been pro~ectcd, but. thet-fomal h br s3e No:rthiwest is mnderendent of the Na- ashes, wart. muc:k, leaf mould, com-
fete r Fowl f TheE -qeatmSH.t; ExARa, A ed is gained which is ualf the hight imp,r- otae, and aheir to uphold convictions on this subject either In tional Farmeprs' Alliaue and Co-opera- posts.
Honey tahn o e to success in life. the h t t he he e rete, and .nu t t o suapho favor of or oppo st ti le p!an here pr taire U no nally is pro a bll e tand n c l te ry FuRie ap r ot.aPS.
themra Pas t e potrtr y Cnin.itis,) l,,',f ,',d thhettrbe--etsa ea
OhiEo'a Ftorye, Mr. Poweersnae is, hve W.E. NeW and sor ORN p ani irll h pon bo l t anh d -notbtr-ysented, or who would pt'o!poce modiolaa- systeml will (h,:,me iwito one national or- Bermuda g eacs, crab grass, Para grass
Norrisar. M ,es aso ont ributd oognithsasaubimpoyan. famtri n tal to to o ne d.i o ad dile er o e u te d e ganizationthi.fall; in whch case. a few Guinea grass Terrell grass,- orchard
r n eportsais mtes e r r l u eownterl sectetar the. te Fbringing abo,,ut di- geiplioe willtake the bluegrais, pearl millet, Germantmillet,
Eoara Paon--3tt," New : o on r-i..a n A1- Wee solicit a careful roadingsof thear- The press o Florida, after in expenart a -aiand the' large
ahned to. th nPohlae; W rien othe-- r o orkeu wr te on re s nd pa g es thispsei, b e ni e with thhe Fruit Exchange, will THE RAILROADS uAHEAD,AS USUAL. p or uINaisnalc pe rgs anda o st c mill maize,o kaTro corn,r tesinted srg









The lete frkom De-rt. Elrdew huhLwich, o therSecn pag loa fo ctacisiAen- Ondcstefrain faC-prtvepUin ^" Jtowerfl agricutional prejudice; the hum. Planingeree corn cowrnasment or uii
to .re erv .til titlu nThe Questo n of Questions. Th e.hard ly be induted to give to any stock We think it is about time to hare an world has iver seen. It,; growth has urn, Mexican clover,.lespedoza, alfalfa,
OUR a PA o E. writer adoptsz that caption with muc company free advertising to the amount investigation in regard to the repeated Ie of a0muslhroom character. however, rilorus..-









thr thy nuee otosnbordinlt adelay-.e in oTAP- vi( htaorateto epi t h Rrt h aoeqetobuPti 'rMdLo s .U xigr aur'em-pas n iiimeaiecmad aelwesan.oiu lns
OUR t Ie Put propriety, wflr, nllthoneugh a singlle inc sus- of Several thousand dollars. Motives cases of "cleri-al bltund ers," by which Te a s waengo b o rdin are rliaiceat inSTAP oat s, ray h e, r te-- a hes
From the lake up :)Ibe first page of try ought teer to have the prominence other than patriotism will have to beap- laws enacted b~v the Legislature have August, eb de3, to nearly 5.0a11 ., 6 ) that its yield p'r acre:soil and season, diUcul-
this issue it might appear that we are in a large State which the orange in- pealed to. We do not believe that been mueilated andev-ennullifi,:d. Tt ier, and members will have to exer- ties eneluntered. P.ent-ral heatment.
modeling after 'the Texas Stekman. dustryh Iae anaoiredin Florida. et. we auyhnew movement started so late in is altogether too much method in the- cie 'geatc.-are not tru wredktheir noble Coltos--Lonagatd. thoriStaplate--P t-
"ssicanenhit on the rocks which have sunk many ing and culture, mmrketang, manage-
whose first pagge is devoted to llustra- mustirecognize the fact that the a'epta- tEe season as this, can materially affect blunders. They are insk xcusabbeeandn e E Lsfr ier effort. The ,,hject_3 of th'e men of sped, products from the seed.
tinsn of live stock and articles on --feedtCon of Florida, has become -o identified next winter's orange market. much less onghat to be penal offenses. The11"torder are well set forth in it, Ie f fdec- 8thgor Cane. T and'.'orDghF n-Varieties,
farming." Weonly venture for once on with the orange tnat whatever affects effect a radical reform. WVe do Dot LegislatureShould enact stringent rules laration of purposes: te culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
so radical departure from Florida the latter g n ui.t affect the `tate. The thif n that acompanywithlessthanhalf in regard to the efogro-sing of laws -o Profoundly smpvssed tsat we, te tion of market.
L'-.Farmers' Alliance, united t.,y the trn w Tobanco--Va o eteies, h isr cu in Florida,
usage, to which in Elie main we aiw. to writer, Ali. J. K. Hoyt ffather of Alr. R. a million dollars capital can control hale thtat blunders of this sort Lbay be traced and faithful tites or" financial and h lome recent experiences, eeed, culture, manu-
gonoravel, is years hence, wo have n,:, D. Hoyt. of thi Bay View nurseries, is the Florida orangecrop, and unless half to their source, and should enadt laws intnests, should rea forethi our derea tu
doubt but that the FAmcR NAMFRutir- a veteran journalist or Newark, N. J. the crop.lcomprising the products of for the punishment of suca h bluderers tiou of intentions, w therefsle resolve, FRUTITS
GROWER will have popular a dpportiin He spent last year and a portion ofithis small groves-can be brought under a Fines mayt b&compen.ated for. but a L To lab,-or for the o ddueation of the Ctrus Fruits--Cor prison .of earle-
e M. ragresultural classes, in the science of hic tardiness and productiveness, meth-
making live stock its leadingifeature, iFlorida ani whas Studied the subject Cetralcotrolwe do not look for ir- penaltyofimprisoumnt foroneormoit economical goueruwent in a strictly ods, ,fgpopagation, meth0odsof planting
For the illustrative cut, ai well as tohe bth here and iut theNorth. He knows Proved markets. The large producers years, will put an end to EhiE evil. From non-partian spirit. and culture. comparative effects of for-
rtilon Mernton. hep we a ,ustdebted whereof be speak-sd treatIeu cibjeet ju- can and probably will act singly. it tb e following communication to the ." To indore s [he motto, "In thin ,
article o- Merz. sheep, wa I ng' tilmechani ,r, marketing of fruit, preservation
to Aa Stephen Puwers,. of Lawtey. To dicialhl-and sbows the realities of the may not be to their interest to combine Tiees.,i from Asr. Percher L'Engle of fruit, wir e and other products.
al eader fe wer A Y ReT then .th j u ul v in charity. Peach, pear, fig. persimmonIoquat,
readed.learness. He with others and their co-operation is it appters that one of the laws ie w h 3. To develop a better state, men- the Kelsey plum, native plumn, mul-
GROWER and of such leading Northern does not throwal alld hr e blame for the hardly to bemexpeted. But the small the farmers were most interested has tally, morally Socially an-d financially.d berry:, quince, apricot, guava, banana,
journals as the ,Coun',try peoleta and present disappointment on the commits- producers must be brought under a cen- -been rende-ed null and void: 4. To createa better understanding for pineapple sapodilla, mango, avocada
hio Farmer, Iowers" namei gais rystingmeivil officers in maintaining appl, cocoanut, pecan, English walnut,
familiar. ie has also contributed tive bua reoai-s a aanimor, actor in worscn founded," and disaster each attention to an outrageous defeat of therlwarer, almond, pomegranate, olive, g raBa,
toea. hot ryour FAR R D ni z a~ sanimportant. factor in 60Cintention of the last Legislature. I was 5. To constantly strive to secure en- strawberry, blackben-., raspberry--a-
Government reports, aud io the authorof the case the very perishable nature of winter. secretary of the Florida Stock Protectivetiemanid y and wbroithe ll loeamongol- l Tmetbodff es of cultoie.athetc.-t
a new book on "The American Merino." the fruit. This leads necessarily to much What we urge, and consider necessary Association. The object of the associa-maknadbrtelloemngu-mthsofctr.
and, we think, has written other books waste beforehand after shipment, besides to the Salvation of the grange industry, ti.n was to pro selves.
.~Ld I )ue t eukillng of tiok yasl-6. To suppress personal. local, see- NATVETREES A N~s rD ELUR.18
The letter from Dr. Eldridge we thought a which, there is Io from cracking anti is the formation of ace -operative Union.-rd priwake the kfuil idenofmeock lgh ral-tional and national prejudices; all un- Planting trees for ornament or utiitw,
to reserve till we could accompany it L'usting Whileo00 the trees. There must beunited purposeand action. as deccdrd by our Supreme Court inesuit. healthful rivalry and selfish ambition. the burning over of forest lands, the
*ith a cut of the Angora goat, but as Recognizing this fact, Mrh. Hoyt ad- We may and others may suggest an au- --Savannah. Florida and Western Rail- 7. The brightest jewiels which it gar- lumber and turpentine- industries,' the













-wiedfcies:f'rl, nets.d arref the hih ctearse ol. t ofmuer widroidwts-eae'foatedorhoanrH-eattoanteyaingeliniandustry., phenomena el planfve^lfra;dpatmh~yd~d^ .'''5
there m ay be considerab: delay in ob- visE s that m ore attention be paid to the sw er to the above question, but it is for road Co. vs. J. H. Geiger, January tern), phan3 eand it im per ati d eowsmand s -at]e li e, w and noxi ouA lts.
training the cut we will not longer delay conversion of the fruit into various art!- the mass of the fruit growers, in conven- tovstth oe heelcrae6. -pcmnsmyb en oti
-Acting in this interest, I was present hatsao bli teednghome ssuwer agerath u-edio o dN.B-pentfcaioen. may settothes
publication c-f the letter. .lea for which there is an established de- (ion, toeoffer practical solution of it. at the last Legislature and preparedsuchheartns ofabrotbhered rg; ster; buage the dsir-editrfrespenfcation.g'nfoplr nme-atind
In this connection we may mn~etion mand, or for which a demand may be The people have been trusting to fair a bill. My bill was introduced b3 Mr. dead;gfca roterfor sse;br the wiosatieua eusieres petn"pplr.ae"ai
that we have an article on a veterinary created. Oag ieh hns may promises, hoping against reason while Pelot, of Manatee, and I was present ondedcaefrhewosaneuat e."" ,
(.)rng cde. e hiks te lor f li Hus wenitpasethe orphans; to exercise charity towards FLOWER. GORDEN.
subject for the next number. by Dr. D. be made an important product of the there was a shadow to build hopes upon. thtiflooreod theouse:hn tpasdoindteir ms;tofaonsrabelword.gantingedoor Platur, a naptedtthsimentefrout-
L. Phares, the distin~guisQhed Pr'ofessorof groves. This is a subject which needs This year--having ceased to pin their Be it enacted, etc., --That in all casesintirosfaohe gtraigdorutrmngentOfre-
..' t.ho et of p r oe a d g o ne h u .
Biology in the Agricultural College of investigation. We have read that a beT- taith to the Exchange-=they have been' in which liv, stock has been beretufore, honestyofotherps, and toodprotet-thoe ." '
Mississippi. Tirelead I g a rt~icle on 8irst erage is Sold under this name in othe-r waiting apparently foraomething totur:d or Shall be hereafter killed or injured by prioncilsto fothers, lian ce uto proeattheINS -rECT E IS A D FUNGOUP mSHAE
railway engines, cars, or trains, within Nature of damage done and remedlies.
page will be b'yist iaer of.Peach Cul- States, but know nothing- of its quality up.. Last month certain part iesat Jack- this" State," the fact 0"f"the killng" or in-"Its laws -are reason anti equity, its
fore in Flotid. Jas. P. DePass, or genuinenes;s. We hope to hear from sonville put forth a new scheme for con- jluring of such live stock by' such rail cardinal doctrines Inspire purity of uNS'rascLLNious suBzo-lis. .
of Archter. I*.. Cuzner our en- some one who has knowledge of the aiti- centrating commission business on 'one way engines, cars, or trains', when prey- thought and life, itsJutention is "peace Bees and bee plants, silk'd~ulture 6iid
gr-avet', is pr'eparing a cut of the new cle in question, as to its qualities and house, which secured a large amount Of en to the satisfaction Of the .uyo heoerhudod-lowrsmn' h ubeWhnin&-dfsKhdg.
"trial of suchb suit, shall be prinia facie The officers, whether ora local, cou rt- and dog laws, fences ad ra i'eV ~a
disease of the oran' go for Elie. same huff- mode of manufacture. fre detiigiaceti'uatr vdene of negligence on the part of ty, State or National Alliance, consist of ties for farmers, farmers cluu, T labs-
bet~~~~~~r Ou aetdeoncuo ~hT w, a president, vice-president, secretary, portstion, marketing prod ulc,' exp'eri-'
"e O u "al n e : c n "ib to A ". C ider a n d v ineg a r ca n be m ade fro m T e b lo wing o f th is bu b ble -- h iCh su ch ra ilroad com pa n y ." e sur r "le tu er sit. ...,m e ta f r m ,' .. .. ..Ici... i-e u a ion ,
Lagergren, will t~realt of a rather. hack- all fruitsth- a pplo ames. gra,-,ea -and quickly collapsed--served to show that. This m'orning I turned toechapter 3140, .. t... _r*
o9 .t-"ha.t. f =rom Ind" _i....arbled th.us: I - door deeper and azssistant door keeper. home manufactures, natural ,anetsv"
ne~ ~~~~~~~~~~er bedn mostti apopdularinl... _, ......,_ -_.,On this. u-- the Exchange has done come educational Acts oe 1887,,and n grfu u: .....Ti"rrde""ei n" J .. u:tl ut ppsr u uuu-' e... C__L-..: H .. _te etrrs 'qi'CIt elve na-o is-t ot;snzayat
onei of j~ he ingh.-,uidredly oigince"andl cks eaaqn, hih eetndttreoTeprduerliveorb mdetocrn ad-e oofil Floridaa-engne hiteesistoreirdrrecin t ariu/ arpoihnt,.. s, 2. m rl ,ny ,


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 14. 1887.









FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 14, 1887.


our am*1' Siile

HELEN HARCOURT. Editor.

With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
new,
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
-answered through these columns.
Personal Inquiries will be answered by mall
'when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially Invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange ifews,
*experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
must be brief, clearly written,, and only on
-one side of the paper.
All matter relating to this department
-should be addressed to
EDITOR OUv HOME-CIBORE,
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
Montclair, Fla.

Our Cosy Corner.
Some of our sisters have been crying
-out for the promised directions for work-
-ing in palmetto,, so we went after the de-
linquent with a paper sick. Her excuse
-for the delay, however, is such that full
,and free forgiveness and sympathy will
be withheld by none.
PALMETTO WORK.
.Dear Cousin Helen:
I think ycurs of the 18th inst., woke
me this a. in. to a sense of my neglected
promise. I'm sure you and the patient
:sisters will not wonder at my silence
when I say a sad and sudden death in
-our family this month has unfitted me
for letter writing.
Now, I only promised to tell what I
know of the palmetto work and hope
some of the sisters will do the same, as I
want to know all I can of it myself.
The easiest way I find of getting the
bud from the tree is with hammer and
-chisel. By cutting a leaf off near the
bud first it gives room to get down to the
stalk of the bud, which is easily cut out
and Which does not disfigure the tree.
By taking the bud when you can just see
the stalk, it gives longer strands in braid-
ing, etc. :I noticed a fine lot of buds on
a line under the trees of a cracker family
-and find they make very nice white hats
from this process of bleaching. Keeping
them in the shade with plenty of wind
blowing through them seems to be the
a,'pproved way here.
If there are some slits to the stalk they
dry quicker. I find a very handy thing
to aid in preparing the strands for braid-
ing is made of four or five coarse sewing
needles set through a piece ot wood so
that about a quarter of an inch or more
projects on top. Brad awls would do
well too, and would be tougher. They
want to be set as near together as you
wish the width of strand. A clamp to
fasten it to the table is an improvement.
Draw the whole strand through this like
a comb and you will find it saves time.
When you have a bud split up sort what
is wanted for braiding and lay aside the
remainder for mats. The splitting pro-
cess iseasy and children like the work.
For baskets I take a bud that does not
suit. for hat work and split so as to leave
two whole natural strands in one piece
Tie together by the thick ends four of
these and braid the plain way.
When about a dozen yards are done
commence at the bottom as von would
for the c-rown of a h.itt and continued, sew-
ing it around by laying the edges to-
gether and using seine twine for thread
Keep it flat until as large as you wish
and then work on the sides until deep
enough. Make enough of the Senate or
elbow braid for trimming of the edge or
top.
Make handles by doubling braid same
as four plain and sewing one on each
side like the carpenter's tool baker. I
made one like the above two years ago
for a clothes basket and do not see it
looks a day older.
The waste paper basket is made much
the same way.
In supplying new strands slip them be-
tween the last and lap them well. If
stiffness around the top is required splice
stalks of the saw palmetto to fit.
I did the top braid of green strands and
when dry it was more open, which
somewhat added to the appearance. The
Senate, or, as some call it. elbow braid
made fine is very substantial for men's
and boys' hats.
Jn preparing for a door mat I take the
green double strand and draw it two or
three timesover the splitting needles and
hold on to thethick end, so they will have
an inch or more not split. When you
get a lot done begin by braiding three
like the old-fashioned rag mats. Each
strand is composed of a lot of the fine
strands to form one as thick as the finger.
Sew these edge to edge on the under
side until largeas required and then con-
tinue the braid with the addition of sup-
plying a bit at every time the left hand
strand goes under the right hand one.
As these pieces are supplied let them
stick out some six inches. They will
form a fringeand take off the plain look.
Sew around and trim evenly.
The fringe braid makes a very good
mat of itself, and when parts of it are
dyed reminds one of the imported grass
mats. If the fringe is longer in the mat
made wholly of the fringe braid, it will
look the better..
Very pretty table mats, wall pockets,
fans,-etc., are made with a little mingenu-
ity. I would like to exchange samples of
hat braid with the sisters. Now I will
Ssay, "Nert". ["Me too."--ED.].
S": Mas. W.J.N.
We have all been so much interested
in.the dairy question of late that we can-
not refrain from reproducing the.4..w-
.aig, taken from one of our most est-eed
Exchanges. It is so very apropos, and
showswhat an energetic, sensible woman
ean do when she chooses. "The Doctor's
Wife".had oy~comniin stock (not Flor-
-ida, thpUgo eil .w'ith). Of course tlhe
better the bred, the better the result.
.. Gt aigpod-etock as you can and do the
- best .with "it,'-Wiether-' "'conmon" or
', -.pure." .- ..-_-- .. -
,-. COMMON DAIRY. STOOK... .
We milk eight cows, five of them


young heifers with their first and second
calves. They are not Jerseys. but good
common cows. We have six in the fam-
ily, but seeing I had a surplus of butter
I sent some to town once a week to see
if I could sell it. I found a steady de-
mand for it at twenty-five cents a
pound. As we live six miles from town,
it is too far to send it more than once a
week; still I now sell regularly from
twenty-two to twenty-four pounds a
week, and from four to six dozen eggs a
week, besides raising plenty of young
chickens for our own use. We have one
hundred now, the most of them nearly
large enough to fry. So we sell about
twenty-five dollars' worth of butter and
eggs every month, with but little effort
and no expense, except two dollars a
month for bran. Our cows run on the
range, we feeding them only enough to
make them come home at night. As we
live too far to sell the milk, I churn the
cream and the cows drink the skimmed
milk. I mix the bran with it and a
quart of cotton seed once a day. They
love it and it induces them to come home
in time to be milked regularly. I have
a cool spring house to keep it in, so it
makes as nice firm butter as in winter
time. It has often been pronounced as
good as Jersey butter.
Now I don't want to discourage those
who are able to afford fine stock, but if
those who are not able will only try they
can do well with our common stock. I
would much rather do it than be de-
prived of the many needed-things we can
get with our money. I think it beats
raising cotton, for my husband raises it,
and it takes most of the money to keep
the farm up. Our two daughters, aged
thirteen and sixteen, and myself do all
the work, except taking the butter to
town. Besides, I am teaching them at
home. I have never sent my youngest
daughter to school, yet she is as far ad-
vanced in her studies as any girl of her
age that has never done anything but go
to school and play, and she plays splen-
didly on the piano and organ. I believe
in teaching girls how to meet the respon-
sibilities of life, and training them in all
the arts of housekeeping as well as teach-
ing them from books. You can't get
this done at school, so they will make
useful, domestic women when they are
grown.-The Doctor's Wife, in Southern
Cultivator for July.
THAT EXCHANGE COLUMN.
Well, its coming, show'ss yer born!"
Our issue of October 5th will see its in-
fantile entry into the world of letters.
Now, sisters,' go on hunting expedi-
tions into your corners and cupboards
(if you've got any of the latter), and haul
out your surplusage for exchange.
Ours shall be a true family exchange,
for every member of the Home Circle;
big brothers and sisters and little broth-
ers and sisters shall meet here in friend-
ly exchange according to the first prin-
ciples ot trade of the olden times.
-*Giv-e rie yourorangeand lI'll give you
my candy."
Arti..ies for exchange should be de-
scribed clearly. and councisely, written on
one side of the paper, and addressed it,
all cases asshould belll matter referring
to this Departmenti to
EDI'tOR OUR HOME CIRCLE.
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.
M,:ntclair, Fla.
Sign matter for pub liaton as you
please, burt be sure to give u, yourI full
name and address, that answers, wl,ich
must be sent to us, in una'J.iressed
stamped envelopes, ms.y Ilel mailed to
you. Now roll in your exchanges.

Answers to Correspondents.
H. P. N., Nichols, Conn. Replied by
mail of the 26th August.
0. B. M.. Haines Citv. Fla. Your ap-
plication for a girl is (hafingtd in its do-
tails, as requested.
0. A. K., New York. Thanks for the.
information sent. Replied by mail of the
5th SepLember.
N. H., Aimers. Conn,: H. G. B., Alva,
Fla.; E. T. L., St. Thomas. Fla.;: T. J. W.,
Bartow, Fla.; S. L., Chester, Fla. Circu-
lars of Wonder churn, butterworkers
and butter press sent as requested.
A. B., Lake City, Fla. Yours of 2'3th
August at hand. We are always glad
to hear of a new subscriber, hence we
are in a chronic state of gladuess. We
are truly thankful to have pointed out
to you the way t,, secure a free home.
The offer of two and a half acres of good
land in a genuine Florida town, centrally
and healtuily located, on the sole condi-
tion of building a small house costing
$100. is certainly both liberal and far-
sighted on the part of the founder. That
town is "bound to grow."
H.G. B., Alva, Fla., writes: "We con-
sider your page one of the most interest-
ing in the FLORIDA FARMER mAD FRUIT-
GROWER. and know a certain lady that.
turns to it first of all." Right: that is a
very sensible "certain lady." and we
know our complacent brother editor will
agree with us.especially as lie knows
there are more "certain ladies" than one.
You see, we do not mean that "the men-
folks" shall have all the fun.'-
*
The Family Friend.
From an esteemed sister we welcome
the following:
Dear Friends of the Homne Circle:
I send the following recipes for yeast
and yeast bread with much pleasure, for
two reasons: first, they are simple and
easy. and second, they never fail. I
wish I could show you all the lovely
bread and rolls I just took from theoven
and tucked snugly away in the bread-
cloth. I bake three times a week. and it
is always the same-light, delicate and
tender, with thin golden crust, justf

speaks of it as-"-light bread," but always
as "*good light bread," and no matter
how little appetite be has, can always
eat the outside slice of the "crusty loaf."
DRY HOP YEAST.
Boil a bhndful ofhops, or a lump of
'the compressed hops of the size ofa wal-
nut in one pint of water (if the.hop'sare
tied -loosely in tcliothor bag miade of
thipn clothb-kept for the purpose, the
liquid will no have to be strained) until


the fluid looks like strong tea; lift the
bag of hops out on a fork, pressing it
against the side of the saucepan to get
as much as possible of the strong hop
juice, and place the saucepan where it
will keep the hop water at the boiling
point. Sift one teacup of flour in a bowl,
pour the hot hop water over it, stirring
all the time; add one tablespoonful of
sugar, one teaspoonful of salt and one
of ground ginger, beat until well mixed,
set aside to cool; when barely lukewarm
add one half cup of yeast, and set in a
warm place to rise. As fast as it rises,
stir it down. Keep this up all day (it
should be started early in the forenoon),
and the last thing at night stir down and
cover closely, setting it where it will not
chill. Stir down the first thing in the
morning, and when it rises again sift in
all the corn meal (the freshest you can
get) it will take, working it with the
hands and continuing to add corn meal
till it crumbles, then rub it into crumbs
and spread on a cloth on a board or
table, and set it to dry in the sun. Yes,
I know everybody thinks it spoils yeast
to put itin the sun, but I always do, and
my yeast is always good; I never have
sour yeast; it dries so quickly there is no
chance for souring. [Aunt Judith, please"
don't mar our feelings like that. "Ev-
erybody t" We try to believe that WE
are somebody, and yet we don't think
that the sun spoils the yeast either; we
put it there ourself always.-ED.] It
should be often turned while drying, and
the larger crumbs broken, so as to dry
evenly. When thoroughly dry-not be-
fore, or it will mould-place in paper
bag or box in the cdolest, dryest place
you can find. As soon as it shows signs
of rising slowly it is best to make fresh
yeast so as not to run the risk of having
a batch of heavy bread. I make fresh
about once in six weeks or two months,
and as it assures me good bread always,
I think it pays. Don't you?
"GOOD LIGHT-BREAD."
A, porcelain or granite saucepan or
kettle, with a tight cover, is best to set
bread-sponge in. At supper time put a
scant pint and a half of lukewarm water
in the sponge kettle, and stir in one tea-
spoon of salt and a large tablespoon of
the dry yeast; stir in very thoroughly,
flour enough to make a thick batter-t
about a quart-beat as hard s you can ;
cover and set in a warm place. Never
cover bread sponge or dough with a
cloth, it absorbs the moisture and makes
a yellow shell or cake form on the sur-
face, and never set it on the floor, but
always on a bench, table or shelf. The
first thing in the morning stir down the
sponge; it will be all a foam, and will
rise again almost immediately after the
stirring down, if still kept in a warm
place; stir down a second time; these
stirring take the place of two kneadings
and are both easier and quicker. The
third time it rises, add three level tea-
spoons of shortening and as much flour
as you canustr in. \Vorkl with the spoon
as muchb as pos.ihle, so when you begin
to handle it, it will uot stick to the
liauds. Turn out. on tie well floredl
kneading cloth lone yar,.I of S ounce
duck is good) or board, work until
smooth, divide with a knife into four
equal parts for four loa es, or three
loave-and rolls. If rolls are desired, cut
one of the parts in half. halve each piece
obtained aginu, and still again, until
th-ie are eight or sixteen bits of
dc:.ui: this makes tiem of unifrrm size.
Knead e-ach little roll -eparately, dip-
ping ing ia saJ:er of short ening .et cou-
venientlv neat: flatten eachonie between
the hauds until not over an inch thick
and place them in the pan, barely touch-
ing each other: set them ina warm place
and proc-eed to knead each of the three
lo.ares in the same way. Knead until
smooth aud elastic ; cut into the heart
of eachi: laf if you are in doubt as to
whether they are kneaded enough ; if so
the grain will be fine and smooth, with
no dour or hlinips of dough visible.
When perfectly smooth, flatten out until
au oinch thick: this is so the loaf will
not break or run over in rising, and
makes it much easier to bake; when
ready for the pan grease the pan and
each loaf all over, set in a warm place.
If your bread pans are two and a half
inches deep, the rolls, by the time the
loaves are kneaded, will be up to ihe4op
and ready to bake.
THE BAKING.
"Ay. there's the rubl" I will confess
to you. friends (in strict confidence, of
course. I never put anything particular
to bake in an oven heated with this
Florida pine, without "thinking a little
prayer.' I sometimes think pitch-pine
must have been invented by the arch-
fiend, to trap us into saying bad words.
To return. If the oven is heated mod-
erately. and a pan of water set on the
ovengrate, the crust will not be scorched.
When baked wrap in a cloth until cold.
It. will "sweat," and be moist and ten-
der. The cloth should be large enough
to go three or four times around the
bread. When cold remove the damp
cloth and place in the bread jar, or'wrap
in a dry cloth. The loaves should rise
to the top of the pan itwo and one-half
way inches deep; and be treated the same
as the rolls. They will be nearly three
inches thick when baked. I always
-'stick" my bread and rolls, not that it
makes it any better in taste, but it look
nice-suggesting dimples..
I have take up so much space with
these recipes, [ dare not. send others
until next time. Sincerely,
AUNT JUDIrE SUNSHINE.
[Very well; but. don't forget it. Our
Home Circle would like to thank you
again for more such valuable helps as
these.-. J
Belowoh~-of.our sisters furnishes us
with another' pi'against those poor
little domestic birds, the roaches; if they
arc hot finally exterminated, it will be
nobody's fault but their own. Borax,
you see, appears to be the great specific
for this wide-spread complaint.; from our
experience, we can also certify that tur-
pentine will rout the enemy.
SURE DEPARTURE OF ROAC'HES.
Sister-Helen:
The following has never failed to drive
roaches from our premises; it was given


to me by Rev. J. Lewton, pastor of the
M. E. Church, here, and he says he used
it nine years successfully. Take corn
meal. mix into a stiff dough with water,
in which all the powdered borax it will
take up has been dissolved; sweeten with
Florida syrup; make into pellets, and
put where roaches do congregate, and as
it dries, remoisten it with borax water.
In a few days the roaches will be amongst
the absentees. This is harmless to
chickens, or any but insect life.
MRS. M. E. M.

Our Young Folks' Corner.
We want letters from our cousins, descriptive
of places, things, or doings. W-ite briefly, clearly
and distinctly, on one side of the page. Give age
of writer.
THE ROADRUNNERS.
1Los Angeles Letter to San Francisco Call.]
These birds have a most remarkable
habit, so remarkable that for many
years I was extremely skeptical about it,
never being able to find any one who
had actually seen the performance, but
I was fortunate this winter in convers-
ing with two persons who can testify to
the truth of the story that is to be found
in at least -one work on birds., It ap-
pears that the roadrunner has a strong
and decided antipathy to the rattlesnake,
upon what grounds it is difficult to tell
-probably the snake preys upon the
birds, old and young. However, the
birds actually destroy the snake in a
most methodical fashion, and:in a way
that shows that something more than
mere instinct has been brought into play.
When a rattler is discovered asleep in
the sun the birds are very careful not to
disturb it, and proceed with great dili-
gence to collect the detached leaves of
the prickly pear, in which their nest is
ofteif built. These they place in an ir-
regular circle around the sleeping rep-
tile, piling them up higher and higher,
until finally the snake is in the centre of
a corral of the spine-covered leaves.
Now the latter is awakened by peck
from the bird and strikes and is wound-
ed by the spines. This enrages it,
and every- movement adds to its
torture, until finally it is completely
impaled by the horrible weapons that
cover, the leaves, and either dies from
this cause or falls a victim to the power-
ful bill of the roadrunners. One of my
informants stated that he watched the
operations of a pair of these birds for
several hours, during which time they
hauled the heavy leaves a considerable
distance to pile them about their enemy.
My other informant had never seen the
birds at work, but in Arizona had fre-
quently found the prickly pear corrals,
in the centre of which was the skeleton
of the rattlesnake. Instinct prompts.
the attack upon the snake, but it is in-
telligence that dictates to the bird that
the prickly,.pear leaves bear spines that
will be fatal to the reptile.
"FINE FEATHERS MAKE FINE BIRDS."
It is often thought that the world
treated people very much as they de-
served, and the better a person deserved
the bette-.r .world-treated him. It is
precisely "Pe same way with hens. A
muddy-colored little chicken got its leg
hurt and .went-lame, and the whole
flock of hens bore down on her, and
peckeri her and maltreated her. The
poor thing led a horrible life till I
caught her and painted her head with
gold paint,, -.and made her eyes like pea-
cocks, with irridescent paint all down
the sides, and gilded her leg., and when
she was quite dry I let her lo,-e among
her formeripersecutors. The effect was
stunniug. :That hen walked into the
sun, and she was something dazzling.
The unpaiJted hens weredazed with ad-
miradion. She has received the unremit-
ting attentions ever since of the four
roosteis belonging to my farm. Duels
are daily ?pughL on her account on rmy
premises. .What will happen when the
gilding so-ks. off I cannot .ay; but at
presentsh'is boss and queen of the coop.
-Ex. J.


BIDWELL'S

Imp moved Peaches.


BIDWEU.'S IARLY., BIDWELL'S LATE
'anti No. 7," reafrulind peaches, average size,
ripenain from sv lhh to Jiuly lt. Then Bid-
well's'JMPROTE) .PEEN -TO, No. 4, is flat, but
laIrg-r and thicr from stemn to blossom than its
parent. .',._
In Qaallty-Nol Excelled by Any
Peach Out,
ith n aitlele, at any stag of ripening,
of that b ithrso objectionable in the (Peen-t,I.
Ripens Si.W Btdwell'B Early.
Theae are:i.'l-edlings of the P.-en-to, a de-
scendant noddabrof thit fruit,' "Iund by Atchi-
son In the 1azardarakht RavIne.ai Afghanistaun;
a form wt..djereut share from that of the
almond, D- rlarcger and dltter." "rhe whole
shrub rseae what one might consider a wild
form of thl ch, of nearly evergreen foliage."
As I am naa re there are many spurious trees
being o "frd't would givi a word ,.f cautio,n to
the plauteir Mr. BIdwell h's originated these
trees ; out,-trreeb he bar grown fr-m buds cut
fr-om his-' bring trees, most of them by his
own hand.
Address all letters, for information or trees, to
me. as on account of ill health heb has given me
all business connected with the sale of bhis trees.
City Office'nd-Packing Grounds, Main street,
Orlando -
JAMES MOTT,
0. Box 121, Orlando, Fla.
8eptember 5,1887.


.FOR SALE.


1000 LoUaina 18 to' o inches in height, stocky
three years from seed,onoe transp anted, well
rooted. Seed selected from choice fruit grown
by E. H. Hart, of. Federal Point. Also, ot of
Scuppereonand Thomas Grape Vines two and
three yeals m layers, strong and well rooted.
Address, .7 0. R. THACHIER,
FairviewNrMserles, San Mateo, Fla.


ROLLESTON NURSERIES.
800,000 Orange, Lemon and other varieties of
the citrus family and other fruits suited to this
climate. Stock in the best of condition for large
orders. Correspondence solicited. No charge
for packing and shipping. Catalogue free.
A dress,
J A. J. BEACH & SON,
Palatka, Fla.


MAITLAND NURSERIES.


ALL VARIETIES OF


ORANGE AND LEMON TREES.-


Buds not placed on small stocks, but on extra
large and fine ones.

We make a specialty of the
---EA.RLY SPANS RANGE---
(the earliest variety known),
TOHITI LIMES and
VILLA FRANCA LEMONS,
and can show trees or the latter that stood the
cold last winter as well as the Orange, and
NOW HAVE FRUIT UPON THEM.

Send for Catalogue.
KEDNEY & CABEY,


P. 0.


Winter Park Fla


MUSIC HOUSE OF FLORIDA.





A,B, 1Campbell,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Weber Pianos, Haines Pianos Vose Pianos,






PIANOS

-OR-




For less money than an y other house in the
United States. I wm ship a Piano or Organ to
any honest man or woman, on trial, and if not
satisfactory, I .will isa .: rntc-i r..h t iaths. $25
''i~h and Tin a moniy "n a Pi-an,. and tO cash
an1 I'i a mn..n'h i:.o an lrgac n eill fori or-ni't
nrli mor.r than an -.r1iinarr, ni t On the b
rs- iht.. -Il terms &nT--.:a- c.L anc man ntrr-
niwut. ^,-ri-l.:r FREE AT.iLnict E .- ,.I ln-
Sinun, Ban',;. Gturtars, A1ca.r-ije'u, an*l i
and at er- l priie.. S-en- fr fc riuplet Cs-
ali:.gu-s. I nave 21..,0.0" pie-e: .-i Chi-.ica Music
at l ce-nt per .opy.
A. B. CAMPBELL,
Jacksonville.


CURE TEDEAF
PBCK'S PArTLNT ITPIOVIED C--liONED EAR DRUi.MS
i.iiur. dnn I ir h.lt1.,O,, c-. nJ ~rt .t.- atl a]a- -.p I t, pui ,'a. All
c-' .r tr 'a,- ,. a -i t n 7 h J-il "L b-ini l, i l y 5- -i I':r iI.iatSC Oi.,.
1-.-k ilth tL,.i1,, i-~l- FREE. 'r :r'-..u n F. ISCCOX.
853 B ria,l war, N.w Y.rk. UM-.il aL L.l .[t,r.


IE. Ei1. -w7II$SOQ3?,
GAfNESVILLE, FLORIDA, .
DEALER IN
Choice Field and Garden Seeds,
And a',. ,crree a iull lin 1 of Agrwultural Im-
plerienis. Citd:i, gue, free on appli.'ation.


TITE G-RLEA.T





FOR THE PEOPLE.







ILY TIIMES-UJIO

AN EIGHT-PAGE PAPER.

Has tne Exclusive Franchise of the

ASSOCIATED PRESS DEWPATCHES

the Largest and Only Efficient News Service in
the ,c.untrr. Also.

A SPECIAL TELEGRAPHIC SERVICE

Sand the most complete

STATE SERVICE
FROM ITS OWN CORRESPONDENTS.

ITS TELEGRAPHIC

ORANGE QUOTATIONS
from all the Leading Cities of the Union, dur-
ing the season, are indispensable to every
'ruit Gr..,e r, nn are worth to each one
Wh.:. na s t adi rul mal teIIr Jt nes .
the pl:-e ,:'L the papi:r. It.'

VEGETABLE QUOTATIONS
are 1ao full an.i complete.

One Year, SiO. Six Honths, $5. Three
Months, &2.50. One Honlh,S1.a






FROM# WEEKLY TIIIES

EIGHT PAGES
is the Ba.:;r and -ij '?ap;i.t Wee-kl. in the South
* C.-nirns th.? Cream of the Daily'if'-the week.


Only $1 a Year; 50 cents for
Six Months.

gA-Sample Copies of all Free to any
Address.

I SeaI enrd weir:, cliar g r-inL g d,,-r;ptinn of the
Princely Premnimn offered to sub-
scribeLrs to the-
WEEKLY TIMES.


STELTT, POND NURSERIES.


PEACHES, PEARS, FIGS, PLUMS, KELSEY PLUM-AND OTHER FRUITi.,

Send f,.r clrular. Circular contains nbon history 0of Peach Culture in 'Florida, and hints as
to'culture. J. P. DePASS, Archer, Fla. '


FAIRVIEW NURSERIES..

Well reetedl and approved varnetiek of the ORANGE and LEMON and other Citrus Fruits.
Als.) PEACHES. PEARS, FIGS, the KELSEY PLUM. PERSIMMONS, GUAVAS, LOQUATS,
POMEGRANATES, BANA.-NA'. PECANS and GRAPE VUNES, Florida grown, of we known
varieties found to be suited to the sol and chmate of Florida.
Send fr a catakgue to 0. R. THACHEB, Manager,
San Mateo, Fla.


ALTAMONTE NURSERIES.


The Leading Varieties or Orange, Lemon and Peach Trees.

Washington Navel Oran a s Peciaty. The New Orange., "EVERBEA RUG." Oranges
every ni.1nta in the year. Peen-to, BidweU, Pallac. and Honey Peaches. A large stock of EeLsev
and other varieties of Japan Plums, including the "BLOOD PLUM OF SATSUUMA" and the
"EARLY SWEET PLUM." The new Japanese Oranges, Unshiu and Canton Hybrid, Wlute
Adridci'eand Foundling Figs, Pears, Persimmons, Grapes, etc. A large stock of Shade, Avbnue
and Ornamental Trees, Rose, Vines, etc. .'
send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing, besides the above, descr the old and a
gient many new frut and ornamental trees adapted to Florida. 4 '10
H. L. WHIEATLEY.
Altamonte, Orange County, Florida.

.ESTA.B .IS-L.d.L.J 1875.


GRAIN. GARDEN SEEDS

AND

FERTILIZERS.
-W .T .T A . A B._ jaOI t"


20 West Bay Street, Jaeksonville,a '.
.I handle none but the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. My new catalogue will be sent free O ap-
SC plication. Also Wholesale Dealer in
.Cu rnrn at Irlnu.r -rits.Na- Uaal Rrn- Whka4:L- iinl Iara Qrr c ninna


a ~y,~E ., an. "cr ... .. .. uni m ew, I ..... '' ...m-uU.U v, ...... ,-"
A.- E.. .T EES. Cotton Seed Meal, Ec.

A It of Buddil.dran, e Treesof finest varie .- -
ties, 2a year boda. 4 r'tbckenl hour), ltol. STATE AGENT FOi
inches indiamleter, to S ee t gh, health y and '. STATI AGNT FOR ": .
th4fry;. Muhis.-be sold'to make room.i P ices' .
given. u-on application. Party should state E. Tygert & Co's Star Brand Fe rtlizers.. -
nurnmber wanlt Saples nsent supon rece ptf GUARANTEED ANAJYSIS.-Comprslng Orange Tree and Vegetable .ertilizer,'Pd Md _
catLaleoge:"Addresa CHAS.A. McBRLDE,. Bone, Muriate of Potash, Snphate Potash, Nitrate Soda, Kalnic, Etc.
S" -.- ''~ Jacksonville, Fla. Priceson A.pplication.. .


293


- -t--f


I







294

7'^ S fm


TACHYHIPPODAMII

The Art of Quieting Wild
_..,. Quickly.
The above is the title of a
book written by Willis J. Pov
published many years ago, whi
ing reproduced from, week to
the pages of the Southein Li
Journal. In illustration of Mr.
Methods, which are based on on
principle, we quote the following
TO GENTLE REFACTORY HOR
I begin first with those w.
afraid of a gun or the like. -Cat
to be made just big enough to
horse in, and in such a manner
able to go round it in every dire
well behind as before; and let
be far enough apart for you t
him everywhere. Let him re
this pen or cage from two o'clo(
afternoon till the next morning,
eating or drinking. The pen or
made so high that the horse can)
his head over it, and with fou
posts in the ground, so that if h
fall back upon the bars that ti
bebind.bhie weight will not besu
break or derange then. Gio tc
the morning. Handle him sn
few minutes; then stand at a
before him, with your gun in yc
without moving it, but so tha
see it. If he is frightened at
your position for som- tim 'd, ti
mains quiet, the-n flash it off.
this till he is in some measure
oiled to it; Draw nearer. Re
same-flash it off before him ve
-Handle him in the forehead a
the gun in one of your hands. Go
progressively till you can load
it off over his head with as heavy
Sas you-.wish to put in it, wh
will be aVe to do in about two
hours. When you have gone
run suddenly up to him with y
in your hand. Handle him in
head, holding it still in your hai
ercise him wv.ell in this way. til
not flinch or showt any signs
when you thus approach him
you suppose the work to be con
If you do you are very much m
for you must recollect that he h
to unlearn. Take away fear, insp
dence, familiarize--ire thiee g
sons-to be taught in th-e art of g
: wild horse; and to briug a r
horse to obedience, you must n
learn. Repeat the same-,. unka
till uhe is completely gentle.
Now give youi borse a pleut
and drink. I suppose it to Ibe a
o'clock. Let him rest, if hlie w
peat your lessons at four o'clock
afternbon, more or'less rapidly,
ing as heisinclined toobey then
him at night : let him remain in
all night. Next day go:, orer 0
exercise;: at the eand of which
think him sufficiently docile, t
out of the pen, and go through I
exercise that you di-i wbilst hi
the pen. If he shows no signs
at the explosion of the gun, wi
off from his back or neck, you
of him. But you must exercise
little for two or three days more
end of which you may rely on
terwards. Should he be some'
-fractory when you take him 1ou
pen, which would be a rate case
some horses may be, put him ag
it and repeat and you will never
succeed. In the- same progress
ner you can correct thie defect
skittis-h horse, in a great measu
some are ,f so fearful a-nat
tlmcy have been gentled in the
'ay, it requires a great deal of
to manage them.
MrIroD WVirB SKIITISB BOR
.* ThAbest method of correcting
of this description, when one i
road. is to stop him suddenly w
hlie appears to be frightened at a
lie sees befotn him or at his ?i
him stand perfectlystill : get do
does not become quiet in three
.iinutes. and handle-him in the t
Lead him hby thie bridlJie to thi
that frightened him ; then lead h
to where he was and get on hin
him up to it, etc. You can
give him the same exercise as y
a wild horse of the third kind,
will not fail to succeed incorrect
by repeating-it several -times.
knew a horse to become akittis
had gentled by my secret, thou,
not certain that such a thing m
happen : for, as I said before. thli
rule without an exception.
A HORSE THAT WILL NOT StTFFER
TO BE TOUCHED.
Begin at. the forehead, just a
nose, and handle it in the same
as you do with a wild horse, ac
to tche rules laid dAbt. -that pa
secret. GentlenesV ience, p
ance, faith-all thesen-are neces
order to succeed with such ho
has tak--n me from five to sin1
be able to handle the enarsof somi
but, at tine end of that time, the
.handle them with as much e
couldthose of.-a-house dog.. T
always let. ybuoa-ndle there' aft
TO HANDLE AKiCKING HORSE's
Put him in .a pen and go on
siely till you can handle all hi
you would a dog's. It must-bt
elected that when I speak 4op pt
horse in a pen, I suppose him.
the most.-refractoy .kiad-ima
otherwisi}:ran lihandl a.bahd6'
in a -very few-minutes,.J.by begj
:o. his forehead and so on.
:-~ "' EXICAN 'HITCHING ROPE.
,, The Mexicans.;wbe'n thbeyjdee
a wayscarry-,aibeautifulmhair op
:.: ,- :. ing from:t heir-hbise's neck. IV
.-. they stop;, they-hitch or .tie t..fii
"-- b" thisy;ope-;v"and. tbhe simple-
':. -'".ke-pa~blen'ffrom bhi-aking their
-.. --.- reins._-- ..wuld advise -eery oi
the.... t e_-a pe-cialLv fib:*he &p
on ney.' 6~^^^,ir rides a stp.d..MI(

.--_' . ? t -,_, .- -'- = -
'- .- .I. 7 : .
io-s : --.r ..-L = = ..


FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 14. 1887.


and saddlers may, perhaps, not like thi
advice, but I write for all.
TEACHING TO RECOGNIZE DRESS.
If you do not'wish to have a person, fo
example, wearing a white hat, come nea
your horse, put on a white hat, go into
Horses the stable where your horse is and take
a whip in your hand; go up to him and
Curious give him a few good lashes with it
well, and Retire and change your hat for one o
ich is be- another color; leave your whip, come ii
week in again without it; stroke your horse, pa
Lye Stock him, talk to him and feed him. Go out
Powell's again and put on your white hat; come
e general in and whip him soundly. Then retire
ng: put on another hat, and come in and
Handle him gently. Repeat the same
SES. for a few days, and your hQrse would a
which are soon see the devil as a man with a white
ise a pen hat, and will not let such a one come
c put the near'him; and thus it will happen wit]
r as to be any other clothing.
action, as
;the bars
o handle How to Tie Cows.
main in To a reader who asks which is the bes
ok in the method of tying cows in stables, thi
without New England Farmer replies: This is a
eight to be question not easily answered to the sat
notreach isfaction of all cow owners. A large
.r strong box stallin which the cow can remain
he should without being tied at all is probably thi
averse it niost comfortable arrangement so far as
icffient to the cow alone is concerned, but there are
o him in few farmers who can afford to give upa
partly a ten or twelve foot square space to each
distance of their cows, besides it is more worktn
our hand keep such a stall clean unless one has an
at he can abundance of cheap bedding which ca.
it, keep be usedin profusion. Again, if cows anre
ill hl re- to be milked twice a day it is usually
Repeat more convenient to have them tied sE
re recon- they will stand still during the opera
peat the tion. A single rope,-with snap and ring
ery near, to be passed around the cow's neck o
mnd hold horns, the other end fastened to a feed
o on thus ing riaauger. h;h enough to prevent thi
I and fire cow from ste-pping over the rope, is per
a charge haps one ot tiLe n ixt most comfortable
which you methods.- : .... :i
or three A greawtdealcf thought .ihas been given
thus far, to this subject by inventors, and many
-our gun patents have been taken out for devices
the fore- for manger and cow fastenings,' One of
nd. Ex- thee- is an improveme-it over the old
I he does fashioned rigid stanchion, the improve-
of fear ment consisting in an arrangement by
I. Now which the stanchion can be swung round
pleted ? by the motion of the cow, giving her
mistaken ; considerable freedom of movement.
as much Wte knowv of rno objection to swing
ireconfi- stancilons, except the extra cost for
great lee- patent hangings arid the labor req.iiied
intliuga for making and setting them 'up. Nor
ebellirius have we ever tfodnd that the o'ld-fFash
add-un- ioned rigid atanch ons were as objection
arn, etc.. able as many seem to believe. Theycau
he made very cheaply, are easily worked
.Yv to eat ald they are" p.-rfectly secure. They
tout ten keep cows from stepping into their man-
vill. Re- gers, from wasting their food by hauling
k in the it back under their feet, and the cows
accord- can not move backward and forward sc
-. Feed much while being milked.
i the pen They also promote cleanliness, as the
he saname droppings ate not so likely t.- be scat-
if you termed where the animals will befou
ake himn themselves when lying down. Every
the same obA. ving farmer will notice that soim
Swas' in ?eoTf'ike less kindly to certain forms
of rfe ,r of fasteninga than others, and that sone
jeu fired require much more care in tying. Th'
are sdIe dispoeition of the animal to injure iher
*e him a mates, to waste her feed or to annoy the
* at the milker, are all matters to be con-idered
hint af- when deciding hLow to tie a cow in her
what re- stall. We havefound it very convenient
it of the to hare two or more methods, and to
though change animals from one to the othei
gain into according to circumstances. A coa
er fail to heavy iu pregnancy should be given
ire man- more freedom than would be necessary
cts of a for other stock. The character of the
ure ; but food given will somewhat determine the
ure that kind of manger needed. Longcornfod-
romm,.n der can not be handled well in small box
patiencee mangers, nor can these be cleaned out s.o
easily as the long mangers in which all
the animals in a Etable can feed in com-
S-. mon. But the long manger and the
g a horse doubl- manger are ojectionable for some
i on the cattle, as the greedy ones may get more
rhenereLr than their share of the food given. The
nothing bx mangers are better where cat-
ile. Let tie standing together are to be fed
wn if he with different kiudsof food, some witll
* or tour hay only, others with hay and grain.
forehead. If 'we were about building new stable
e object for cows we would investigate the iron
Ai.-i back grated floor invented by Mr..E. W. Stew-
a. Ride art. of Lake View. N. Y.. which is
likewise claimed to be very effcient in keeping
ou do to stabled cows clean at all times.
and young
ting him
never Foot Rot in Sheep., -
Mh that I- A cot respondent of Farm and'l Home
gh I am writes : Your veterinary in prescribing
eight not for foot. rot says : "Isolate the healthy
ere-is no from the diseased." Experience teaches
me that it is hard to tell those which are
ms EARS healthy from those diseased, and in any
treatment, I would include the whole
bo the flock and treat every sheep my way,
manner and it has proved successful in numerous
a cases. It is as follows: Take of very
coronffi nely g powdered blue vitriol one pound,
er.oI e of powdered verdigris one ounce, mix
e-"r with common white lead paint, and a
tsar In little linseed oil to make a sticky paste.
.-e. 'I Now sir, over your sheep and trim the
ou rs e hoof to the bottom of the disease. Do
; horses not fear if you must remove nearly or
y let me jquitethe whole hoof. Clean thoroughly
hey wial and apply your paste toeverypart of thne
erwa-r foot. -::reat' every fobt of every sheep
:.. au that has bfeen in any wa9 exposed ro the
FEET. i cr,, and repeat in two weeks. Keep the
progea-l sheep in a dry place and where they will
a feet as rhove about as little as possible. Do the
ie reco- woi.k*thorou'ghly and you will be forever
utting Sa, fred. frbm 'he' ;trouble, until the same
"b be of cause produces the disease anew.
ginable -_ r .sA- > : -* .'_'~ -
rse'sietc "Tell-your .friends who want a good
imng.at: drinking-fountair- for chickens to take a
soft stoneijug, drill a.hole..one inch frow
.... ". the bott6mi,: take a tin or earthen dish 1-j
'out, at- inch deep-and 2 inches larger than'the
'-.hang' ,bottom..f the jug; 'N" w-Aet.tlfis-id the
bheney~r, centre "of tin'- fill with water and' cork
r horsesC ti*ih't-. i.ibd't'is done. Water will keep
-method purer.and cooler in this than in wood.-
ir 'lbridle Cot'.- yFar --Journal. '
ae to do "-::-' ";': '-- -* f. -'.*_..-
-lofigi- ;": i --CottQn is..cbmdg-in.g_ to Mariann.a ih
etchants large quantities..; "':- --...._:.:..'.7, %:3
-a ., .... _--. .-.. *- -. -


is. .. S Extracted Honey. other things required in the market-, RE 0IE SAM PLE GOPY
nI r M ,s Tliere is nod lubtithat extr-actedLoney which tihe brLver may (arr hFmeE, Lii -
is to be, if it I.e not r,.')-, the chief prod- .elf, aud, finally, it is an exeelleut fruit Before' yen' dedee-whbere to. go i n lSOUTH
....... net of the apiary. It ught to hi-. Comb jar. Th' 'eobje.t is tosell honey. but if FLORIDA, send fora sample copy of --. .
S Singularly Affected Fowl. hicney is theatiful -iait is. te combi thie jar will 1elp., whly not have it ?-es- THE ORA.GEGnapROV aE'n
hon y s ba~t~fl-ha i, tec mbi ine lly when the pil'ce.obtaincd not,_5:-.
0 DESCRIPTION OF CASE. attractive. and it makes a fliin appear-oni'c paly -liend You rnillodid lientdor anuc cheaper br Inc:in
a1e. Ihe Llit"I. TCr. C6u,11ty ill grove_;, rarms.-rancices -,:f
e E d i t or l o ? i d a B a r mlie s 'a n d F ru it G m- o w e -: a n c e o n t i ne t a l ie f be ie i s a l- ,o ci -a t n l pa y s f, r t"t j a r b l t a to ) g i ve s g o oaa y C o nn. i n r a r' sd r a ne n e n
C. Atisfa-aon in iaki. ng ^ iute 1 i^tbe I--- valJ f heioney.' Th'e Wvfipt to^ el ar', 'tldrg 66onrtu--(J ,,c ea.
A have a Light Brahma cock that hss eatI t, titu, f koral ,that rte' .comb isiini honev in clouded-glass,iiub.noi-.ed pitch- side. The pr-:prietorpof"ThbeOrangeG.rove,.la
Something the matter, with him I i bufral h e' did not u-ceed, because no oneau e- ,h ete .aeL'orhid
wit oudhegestible and totally uuit-lfood. It a ou "nd; he i here to stay anwdIAr6s Ten-3is lions
would like to know what it is and the dilation t tie hin -aed uhr a rad looking pitcher on inEit."' Threa ll]e tilins of A.res o s B.-oks
n b hears tie same relation t, i o telemlses. Put horvr in white-glass Adidri,,THBEGROVE. LIVERPOOL, FLA.
Segmendy He seems very weacknookedindowna in t that the shell does to th ker- tani t-ht IhaveuffintValuetobeneed
t ....tat nae.nfiii.-nnvlnlt.te se.-
when once dowis int is hard for hmn toaneo. h again, and ltt the label be.,uly "'hioney," GeDDine Wdsn, DouIe IfleridNiv
get up again. Hegoes over onhis back, Manybuyersstillthinkthatbone w in tiiod Ge WiO Dou i s
f feet up and'neck .twisted around. In the comb must hbe pure, because ituhas wit tne odhire,'s naie.
d reet nd. nec -st beenIIInit 'oey comb MAITLAIID NURSERIES. -
walking he carries his-head dn one s-de, been dt-gh ltntLati-d thtat honey combA
ca n .^t s^ e [e3no't he manufacturedi o arical -A large hotel is to be built in Or. Older Now if yVou wishi to be in time.
Sand often throws his head over on his The general buver,'having no n'nd and is sorely needed in th-tdelight- W e rFiniW erD er i-ice
back and on oneside, and atsuchtimes acquaintance with e een boey not ke ul plach.a
either'squats orfalls over. He is unable aluaintance with bees, os ot know fl place..iENUNE alnGO AEL
e to fly on the roosts He eats well and i that boes- may lie made a party to fraud Al.:,. ,I.C ViI.LA FRN'Ca.bbesan.-I hru-.-,l;i-.f
Sto fly on the ots. He eats well and sveiudling-that they will store .- L5aii-mA,-. E.inErr, rish. Jii Malfori,,
general seems-to be well. G equally suar and water as carefully as ID(I' -LI-L", a n(d Lri,- at'rLie- We. atnL1-f.,ior rle
S- --. HS the finest h'.ne3 garnired fionria flowers, \ I .jU J (0 'st inrt,-. ,,: Fnoriii ,:,,uie gvrc-re tIh
S PROBABLE CAUSE AND REMEDY. but thy may e made such a party, and T' T.RADE ^ .. I D
b' t i .:,- w y I laa chD O U B L E fillP E R IA L .N A V E L .
The above letter was referred to our they .will surround a saccharine con,- MARK \ U OU I NAE,
t authority on poultry, Mr. Amsden. of potund with comb, eveu more beautiful, t- .- .: 1.:-ti Piit: Naveikjinow, n. nftnire
e Ormond on-the-Halifax, who kindly re- at least whiter, than that built for AITW':-Ir>D'sSEEDLE: NAVEL.,
a plies as follows: honey. A ,- EDNEYL& TAEL -Y-
- EditorR orida Farmie' and FM"uiiGrower: The'ons:.eiltiit:us bee-keeper may liay: -._ -N- ( cA
~DIE1N THEunS -y
SAs to the case described by Mr. Sage 'But the feeling :f lbees for this punrposeU S wiurIPark, Or.':in'ige COityEFia.
n there are several ways of accounting for is not carried :n to a great extent "
Sit. It is not a disease, but probably the How do you know to what extent in C. Oone where the Woodbine Tytinothi. ue
s :fowl has been too highlyfed oni irnipio:per car..., on There is a dealer. a woman, i arut s an-, m rt. bu R.--E ,N R.iTzhbear sl .6Bees au ns.
-, food, and the .lc.Jy ias outgrown tile 6o'tis saidl. engaged in selling bee., bonks them. iJeras -J, Rats. 1ce,. Rtae.,ct Water
legs. In other words, thile bonet and an i' hives in tie sole interest :if pi oduc- Buz, Fie. :B,tl 1, Moths, An ri"n,u.. ii oked no or li-v dor-
Bejnue, nt .n Poic.. .gSp r-.. '= ud, e L l be ooked I.or,- for delilvly dtr-
musclie Iha\e not kept pace with the fie-h, ing comb ihoniey" by teeing a ,.hejp blw-rtL Ga'-l, (.opi-.r _hipriurics Ms-icc ice A" May r jiin,,' njv suierli-i r ae
Sand it is overgrown. It should be fea S'i. As tlii. winan has advertised M uk Rna .Ja..k R-bilbit u, s.rr hei A'e ,,,,
n more phosphate and bone peal and ss er Ley and money iheme in Icaling -nd -r I S E Itaia Be i n
Scorn and oats. a ene.,prs throughout '-u tB , B "i- H E N L IC U E .lni flPg B na d 1PP< -
y if an old bird, -the cause may be ex- miny p-re.:us. lave been .zzld by ti.o Ri.w.a oN RaTS" in ,:,n:.ni.te ,-.v.narivlai1i unu-l iuur.
Sposure, -the consequence ri.eurnmatigcm, quick Imoln i Sy |l.et.l and ainn uun- and1dstr,.rofBn Ler bisa -"c ,,.
r, "-"- k en -t i Ra=B -' wr t-, S .hde aiym 'hleah, te. ~ -an t ip- i
o which frequently occurs when fuwlsare ci-c.ni,,uly l anLe ta.n lh:d ti:.,l,at ws k". .:. Ri e-Ra hI, a il, ,'tw 'Vhb -,,I.,Ly,',t ap,.i.tl[7
- kept on damp runs and exposed to t lie frau-Jidultenrit. This '.r.inn li'-s are ru-wa .h wl-.:.ie rintn:.r-r, ,ithe H-nyrv.nsi.le .re ani ili .ninie.r
Weather. The remedy would be to con- pltl.t t-ithr:.iugi,.out the, EEstc.-in State, c. an-.mle, tht_'lhcu- radei- F,[oal
"finethebirdin adryrun, and- give oft in gi:at-r number tihau is i-nerailly an-.ci,.-. P TAT S Fr p roter nlai. adr
Food twice each day, with whole wheat, sunposu.ei, aund hence thie ancuiit if Ff F,.r Potai.:, Bug,. ints c.n E C"
or screenings at noon. At this seas,:n c,.re-l 'noarr. gnic,-.e amu,-l tiie sweet Vri tu r .- hin ,:, i poard H. C. tA IET,
Sof the year, wh,:.n hwls are moulting, thinzz in tim mai ket na lie lai&er tlni t'a [iC0tna,:,t ,- 4 a f .,, .
they are more liable to diiesen, be- ee k-per;a inm- :,,t is plea.ait ti t'e h ftiu re- l .,rui ac- tz r.ibA,-i- iis. Orange to., Fla.
E. W. AMSDEN. (cid that nmany papirLs- nj:,w lietue it:-c hi Lxel. jih ,.t-a t-, t"C t ieio
SORMOND, Fla., August 20th, 1887. pubhn, advelti.emeitA ,,f tht she-me. orls:s -r : .when isMle't-raGI PA
.Y". ......refe,','iMto.uh dep,,,0ed BUlDS 'PTHE MAfGIf PE4HE
,Jefrrlto :Y.r. ia,:r,:,ngb mtixing.r 5.; as .
The Egg Eating Habit. get lhon y is only a pat ,'f themwork i,,', mpl.-.el, dir,-bute ib-.u ,.s-,n. ,-rinds -
f The Egg lEating Habite.. to :e done. It mm 'lt ke sid, ari, cani i-,e it i-,n pnclnr," tres or ,rubvs r-n ,en,- it-,.r n ,rinsrt,- it -5 r inn-li ,i, S ,i-r rthi.insIn-i
- A writer for theLosAngele-Mirrorof-. but the package in which, extiated h.:n- w-.t. d vn. .is,:ii-ff,'. -whet,,ti- rwth l,.uLi .0Onet16mman-1ir-tes
- fers these observai,,nis on a hahit which ey o,,r comb Iopeyi. v.-ill i..Ip or hIriJerle i n -:.:,eutrna,:l i-it:- ;t E iti- n as.mt active Ad,-es, .
Y isvery vexatious to poulty keepers : as the cae ma : be. Tliere- is no doiub.t r.-jstron.rc:.t:. -.,i Buz P-:ic-:n-: ben mixed i'. C MiNNhi H,
I Egg-eating is a vice of not very fre- that a real J.eal nf honey has .b-en solj as tor ,,mptatmrri harmless to an-
quent occurrence among well-kept by the jar, that ii-, tie j.tir wa sor attnra-- taik ti.,ri.:.rr..-,j, I :.in ay qunair ef.:.rld.altabie.
poultry. Every one knows how greedily te, and conul bt usin-J eo ecInVmlalimnl ,ir,._rI -fLh:- fiul srr.en-ir "RcO':-N-iR.nAYS"
Segg shells will be devoured by liens. after tih- line% was consnmied, that i't F.:,I.:r, "i.1 suakra. ini a keg (i fwatr ad /an END Y',:iiR
They are fond ., f the inner lining an-A wasdesirel by the b.yr. iThereisas-lass ,.p',,tha* mtr..k.. p- nt-y r n e '
Stheshell. It is well enough to feed lay- honey ja witli me'rali screw cap and K-p ir i--il stirrieJ up -hil eusi- Joi -rIt.-i.
the, noug to e Job '-r19t196
r ing hens with te empty shells that bail, that make a good oyster can. milk i Ji'u:t[,atst:.r-ke.:-ers rI'- -. 1 51
- come from the kitchen. The lime will can, pickle cau, and a can tor a dozen S Wea.Che-',st enerc'nCt'. N 10 THE INE-ON ROoMS
furnish m aterial for future shells; but __. .. ... ... -- -........... ..... .....
They should always becrushed and mixed _
I witlt the soft fo'od. If thrown out care-
lssl~thhell ff'h eater g may etikybecoth~nute anreg'maeo LIVER, BLOOD ANRD IU N DISEASES.
* lesslv the eating of them may be only
the first lesson of a vicious course. The LIVB ER BL' -R L ISE S
shell eater may quickly become an egg-
eater. One vigorous thrust, of the beak | Mr-- s. MALRY A. MCCTLUR. C.,lunitus, .II., M 7M6. P&ARMLA BtRUNDAGE, of 161 Loch` oSli-,L
)into a perfect egg in the nest, and the ELIVER DISEHIASE Bi' | ,te:' "I addiresed you in Norvember, Ia6, EiiNA ER L L.hp,.'ri. y writes: I was troubled n-ith
0 ntoa perfect eg ilthnstr andher L IV in regard to my heahu, ,benings aE M tri- U-t l.B.IIn s. r vh, ouI and general! dbility, k.h frequent
mischief is done. This is nectar. Other' a liv-r disease, heart trouble, anIl female weak- cIIlITV sre throat, and mygmrauth wad badly .caitakeicd.
Sfowls approach fora taste; and they will ANDu h nts. I was- advised to uae Dr. Pieres IDBILLIT ,Iv j-'r was active, and I Wuilered mucalcronm.
all appreciate the food, cackling in loud NEARTrIRODLE Golden Medical Discovery, Favorite Pre- dyvspep6La. r am pieasiEd to:eay that your *Golden
a llap reciat HA TROUBLEtnn- seripton and Pellets. I used one brtl bled- Mccal Discore'ry' and 'Pe-iesta' have cured -Ine of all thues
tones, calling it a superior tonic, easy to of the :Presariphton,' five of te 'Dieor- adilm-ents and I canot say enough in their praiE.. I must also
take. err.' and four of the 'Pleasant Purwaanve Peuets.' Sly hesoth b- say a word in r.-eren.- e to your 'Favorite Prescrprnoan,.'-as :Jt .-
Another accident which daunse fowls gan to improve under te use of y.,:.urt medicine., and my .ei'engtb n'is pro:vren itself a most exceUer- t medicine for weak females.
to get in this liad hal.it is the dropping came bacvk. M'y ll ,: uJt;es hare ail imiaappeared. I (an work h:rd It. baa been use-d in my famdy with excellent results."
of an occasional egfrom the root It al dayor walk furor five mies adayan. stand it weu; and wa n
mfay becasormle b roken my the fall,. an I began using bthe medicme I wouldd as-arcsiy w ai act-as tee ro:,om,n Dy-pepsia.--J&es L. COLBY, Esq.. of uiciatann,orHosart Co.,-
ay become brokenIby thefleandIdidbut moat of the rume, and tfdid not chtnkmicou ldea'er felalwe aatin. Mmain.. writes': "I was rriub:,s nt, incdgestion. and would eat
when daylight comes, the eyes of the habaresahttiebabygarle6ght m,,nthsold. Atbthogugh she is ahrt heurdyand 'rowporatnhesamettime. I experienced beatbw'n.-
dellcate in sLie andl appearance, sue is healthy. I give i-ou- rem'- sour stomacei, and many other disagreeable symptoms common
Sfowls are open to the fact that an egg diusatthecredit forcurnig me.mltoonk n.,othetraftnertatter to tht dois-rdcr. I c,'mmenced takng your
contains sweet meat, and they getb a no- inin th-r us. I am very gratef for yor oninss, an I Golden Medical iscovery' and 'Penets,' and
tion into their heads that was never thank o;,d and thank yuthat I am as weU as I am after years INVIGOEATES lam n etieltrer otan davpepsn
There before. But the cause of egg-eat- of suffering."M" W nR f rrir (rtmir u I T ve-er. I weiih one hundred and seventy-
~Mrs. I. V. WEBBER, of l'orke', hir', Cattaraugius C.,., ITHLE SYSTEM.I firesyears. I weigia one nundre,:d and seyenty- .
ing in the nest, that operates most fre- ..1 ites: wh to sy a t-w ,,s inra | "pa "in- on, and one-hagI pounds. and bave dome as
quentlg is the deposit of thin shelled -1 LIVER sof yoiur 'On:id.en Medical Dsov:,ry'and "Pleasant nuch work the. past summer as I have ver
gegt. Ascatsupplyof limeaud a long -.....1Purative Pellets.' For five years preou t, done in th same l.th of oe n my hs.i- I-never-took a
peggs. ArECayngtsupplylofslitmieaudalong i taking them I was a great sufferer; I bad a ,medit,-in that .em-rt:,i-oto t.ne up tne muscles and invigorate
Period of laying will result in this condi DISEASE., seer pin i my rfg sid.- contnuay ws .the whbrie system equal to yor IDiscovery and Peliets.'"
tion, even when fowls ara quite healthy. unable to do my own w.rk. I am happy c, say Dlspepsia.-TaELRusA A. CAss. of Sprinfirl.i, -Mo., writes:
E A neglect to supply lime in Lihe form I am now we'U and strong, thiankas to your medjcines." i was tro'ibi.d 6oe year with liver complaint, dyspepsia, and .-
of bone ir seashells- is sometimes the Chronic Diarrhea Cured.-D. LA.zsRR. Es-. .7 5 ii.!:, sleepliesanse, out, your Golden Mledcal Discovery' cured me.". ,
primary cause of egg-eating. hut there D,nrnre.Slretu, N',.w orlan.', La., writes: ""I u-ed tairee brtdesoif Chills and Fever.--Rev. H. E. Mo;Lrn MeAnir.:.-rMi, Se4S. C.,
the Gonden Medical DiLscovery,' and it has cured me of chr.omc wrv-m.-s: "Last Auugust I thoueht. I woud die with (hilsanrb fever.
is an occasional instance of thiu-shelled diarrhea. My bowels are now regular." I took your"Discovery' and [ stopped them m averyshort time."
eggs that is owing to some disease or _
Sdeformity in the oviduct, where the 'THf E BU fl Dlf *o l r 'r
shell is formed by secretion. Tihe fowl SB L l 0B _.0 .I .Efl
.a .t il ap ..n_9,P rf cl
may be. to all appearances, perfectly Thoroughly cleanse the blood, which is the fc.-ntaan oCf health, b v using Dr. Pierce', goldenn Medical TDiscovery. and good
inealtty, and have a full Eupply of lime, digestion, a fair skin, buoyant spirit, aid blo.iiy nealtri and vig,:r -i tii e eitai-hshed. . .
br't one side of each egg sie laysN will be Golden Medical Di,:fo.ery car-i iL hjmrs. [rorni tie common pimple, blotcn. or eruption, to the w-orst Scrofula, or Wood.-
flatteuEd and the shell on the flat side p'iO. Espeotalir his it pr,,.n its elc-a:,y in curing Sail-rnteum or. Tetter, Fever-6oresa, Hip-jOmt Disease, Scrofulous Sores
ve;ithem'eggsare and Swellings. Enlarged Glands. and Eat'ig Ulcers.
v e ry th in O f c o u r se, aif h e r ega saare
not removed from the n-st as soon as Rer. F. ASBnRv HOWELL. Po:tor h -h1. .E. rnd can walk with the he-p of crutches He does-not surfer a"y
naid, there will s 'ioner,:.r later occur INDIGDESTION C0iunrcth, or .Sitnt,-,iN.J., Ears: "'I was at- pain,.and can Cat and sleep as weil as any one. It has.only]been
laid, there will sooner th catarrh aned in-lcuerion. B, ,s andtn about three months since he commnEIuced. nailing. your-medicine.
breaking, with its sureconsequences. If BoILS, bothes began to aise on tae warfare ct tun ciannotd nod w inds with which to.epress my grautude ior the
eggs are gathered often, this evil may be BI 1 e skin,, and I experienced a ared felunis and benefit he has received through you. :
avoided, but we have seen a fowl. tle BLOTCHES. diness. I be.an te use' f -Dit. Pre's Skn Diseae.-TheDemocrat adNews," -- -
fowl. ra G.Adull Mi-edacl Diacorery as direted by SkIn Dlseaue.-TeT"Demcrarasnd News,"'i, .
layer of such imperfect eggs, turn hinm for such compiaintsw, and in one' week's AT B i of B 'nnnbt111ini, Mnrnl "dn Says: "Srs. ELIA.-
Sarouud immediately after laying and time I began toh fei nke a new min. and am nowesound and weU. i A TERIBLE 1 ---N P,)oL,'"feo' Leonard P6ole,P of-W'"
E partake of a vrarm breakfast. Thp Pleasant P tIgare P, tiets' are tie b-.t, remedy (ior hbouso a or i hadretsn oDEcte maby o u"shasg Dr eAie'
aoick headaetb', or tightness about the chest, and bad tais:, in the Go,, an- Medical- Dfscoem ing Th edsa
The fancier who has a flock of- valu- mouth tuat have ,- r used. My wifescud nLot al-k acrossthe g 2G.oTIld.e a ed cae. coverm The dIsease.ir -.ap- .
able fowls may welt keep watch and as- floor when anS beg-an to take your 'Goidenh Medical Dis:oviner.' erf1; 1?1D te is,
certain for certainty wic fo ays Now she can walk cunite a httle ways, and do some hght work." coverng the while the ower imbs-from 'feet-to' kees, then .-
attacksed the ei0,:,Ws and became'so'severe as toeprostratther.',
thin-shelled eggs, and remove her at I Mrs. IDA I. STRONG, of Ain.n''orth, tInfd., writes: Alter beint rea'ted by several-physlcians for a-year-or-two jhe...-- .
once, for her usefulness is dt an end. so NIP-JlINT "My htile boy had been troubled with hip-Joint commence the use of the mcdlcine named above. She soon
far as egg-production concerned.She ''diseasc for two v,:.ars. When ne commenced the began to mend and is -now well and hearty. Mrs. Poole thinks
fa" aegg-productn concerned. he I E nus. ,f yof r '.oldesn Sleuacal Discovei-' and the medicine has eared her Ilfe-and prolonged hberdaya.' .- -
must be short lived, else unprofitable. Ul-lo-. Pell-ets,' be was confined to his bed. and could lr. T. A. ATnEs, of Eaft uwlUaricl, .Dorchlecr-Co(une,-Md.n --id.
There are .precautions and, preventa- not. be morvc-d without suffering great pain. But vouches for the' above facts. ,1 -* r
Strives that have been recommended and now, thanks to your 'Discovery,' he is able to be up all the time, '
practiced with success,- thus. avoiding
this vicious habit. -Tie nestsshould be aONSUMPaION. WEAK LUNGSaSPITTING OF BLOOD .
; ~CONISUMPITIONI, WEAK LUNGS, arm ufmne OF BLOOD. .
so made and arranged that ,ihe,_ggs will
Snot be in full light and in plain sight. GOLDa.EN MEDICAL DLIsCOVER cures Consumption (which is Scrofulia of the Lungs', by its wonderfuIl biood-purfyitnig, inv''lgor-s.
If the next box is open only on one side, tlng and nutritive properties. For Weak Lungs, Spitrting of Bl.od, Shortness ot f resth, Bronchltis,'. Screre Coug.- Asthma,
and the entrance is turned away from and kindred affections, it is a sovereign remedy. While it. promptly cures.the severest Coughs It strengthens the system .
-the light and approached through a par- It rapirdulyeblds up the system, and increases the flesh and weight of those reduced below the usual standard, of health by-t
itally darkened passageway, the fowls "wasting diseases." ', -.,. -;
.... ;-o-m-tlt* W %.n Nw~r, o Har~wsmfhca) Discovery' has cured my daugbterof e''a i~,e ocate(]"- ':.-
,will not enter it ordinarily except when Cu1 on.uor u e11.-Mr. EnwenRD NEWTON. of rr i ..- _.Dto r'-hacf a ver.y a-uceo --
reayod-o.writes"Youwillteu' be praised by me for the rman- on the thigh. After trnyi almost everything-wltboutBsuccss,w6-
ready to depot an egg. b uremin my case. I was so reduced that m friends bad all procured three boctsos.oyour Discovery, which healed.It,-upl .
It is also advisable to keep in each nest gven me up, and had als been geen up by two doctors. I then" rfectly." Mr. Dowsnd contirmnues .. ,- --.. -
a false egg-made of plaster, wood or por- went to tme best doctor in these parts. He told me that medicine n m-,.ia -. "a .i- ..... -. '" '"'
celain; also a net full scattered about wa ly a puhmet in myase, adwould not undertake to C ~tSOl.O D and .-Harta u 'Disease ui^ial'sti.w "
ce a, a o ae~t u sattee aout __ ti-c-at mc-. He said I mlght ti-y Cod livet od iff than you for the remarkable cure you have effecteddnanycaise.'rsvx-
,- the pen on the ground,- -They will some- a- i lid ireuas that was tho only thing that could pors,- For threeyers hiand suflfered.froi.,thaerri l.a--^ '
l timbs pick mt these, and will shortly as- -1 b by have any curann o power over consumption so WAOT be Tsease, cobsnxs^mptonld'-dnd .n .'5dfseeC -* -
S.rtain that they donot make-any head |- far adancd I tried the Cod liver ona a. t in tIlWTUTIT -Beeore, consulting yo.-a had wastednawep r
eway with the decoys,.and be convinced TO DIE. treatamIent, bjlt was so weank I could not keep rt AIKELE'. a.-ceie tin.eon.d- no,, seopmnor.m'i.st"nimirha '
way ttn m oecov .auaee IODnmeh i ieun.] Sty'some h, husband, nortI f-.ne~-satisfied TON.l~lbll (umeshwed to 4e-tbe.an~ot, o$.C.iny ,3-gs
that eggs do not .contain anything that '*to give me un yet, though he bid tnoug-h t for me jin"inin^i1J thc'coutt.do.
mav ha rnnrn atrieari "T'hat mnakes, a everythIng he sir advertised for my complaint, procured a quan- f .i .... nopesf curiunn me' bt."uy W dmataheetinmes
a ne& -;..apprp_.-2 '_.... '.:. -a a..2 (tt of you~r"Golden bMedical Discovery.' I took only four bottles, -to.oRemonfs'-.treatlment In all.'.-'-be'frsnntwi- o utlftlt.^.~it'.
good feature in- sheia-uca t, for rjd,t tohe surprise of everveody, nm to-draedonn my' own work uie%-,)ucol ea ; eomn nor. pe e y:-y.WerBsftor
when they have given up the attempt to -and am entirely free from that terrmt-ln cough which harassed me" buc tWe thirdmanithlI began to PtI' lIn flesh-and strength i.-
break ariticia'aeggs .they: will not trr g-hiand dag. I have been aificted with rheumatism forainuinber canrionsno*-cite stpb ,e'sa
te b,,eaks -on rea. l ne,,, especially if ,o, .,n." lon of yet"'Golden teditol:Discore--'i .will be restored To-ap .esh bttioreveancr g tnCe^yes-',t% a-
theyare found-ira partially darkened moperfact he-ath. Would sav4tohswho-are'fnllihgapreyto a sb.c'b". o.. yh, '.' $-.t"b'.-",adidtP..- "_edi-v- l!.
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T Many. wter s ,,ic.mnuend a nest -sO -_t"hing else firs-'but-thke-eGolden Medical Discovery'in tme a ..as the" .o.Mel D.scpvery.:,,:-t.e'.. .,s...-,;Ai
whnan-egg is-Laid stagesro of the d.se ase, and thereby saee a great deal of suf- ,g Ii.I-mA .vtlO ..p.- MC.rLAtQ-D.tE._ . 'i., g
* coutirvem-.tnat,rwnen anfnegg ia-.taid ferina- and be restored to health at once.. Any oierson who Is,_. CDh.rrnnn.-, ..r.'-;,u
i rollsaway. out of-sight. Others advise still in doubt, need bbut write mn. inclosiig &.stamped,"self- DLL-' INtl'in-M: lfenr'lf' ywifi' toh.^f|i.h- .;
Sblowing, te.eat--out-opf aan egg and fill- addressed envenlopte for reply, whan theloregolngstatement will ll-D.LU .. aer,.old,,'e o
n sbewitirntmstard or cyenane hefUlly substantated by me. 2 -- [~oflLUthP;s*efon-e..she.oJme nasn gtnret
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worka id -th ektow v er-. nd Co ., 0. o 28, writes: "Tno T olden Mce, oddntlnnued It. S :t;. .,s-,--nt i
1e rence the latter wil not., However-,.,.. Golden Medical Discovery is Sold by DrPggisls." Prie. $1- 00.per-.Botte,-"or' Sx'Btle K i
if-:carem is taken to-p.ovide plentv'ot-shelU : -:.... --. .- -. -.:.. "*: .-. Drug.,,s s-"e00 J ;tte o-r x.... e9't.,.
-. mat6tria, v-ry .little trouble eed he ap-: WORLD'S DISPENSAR.Y Eg! ICAL AS. 0CIATI.1.N, Propiri.eor., 4
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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 14, 1887.


The Scotch Collie.
The employment of the sagacious Scotch
collie has largely increased in the United
States during the past few years. It is as
Sa sheep dog that the collie is best known
in this country, but he is equally valuable
as a careful watcher over herds of cattle.
With the growing demand for this sheep
and cattle dog it is well to make mention
of the fact that collies vary in disposition
and good qualities as well as in color;
hence in making a selection it is wise to
procure as perfect a specimen as possible.
At an early age a well bred collie displays
striking intelligence, and with proper
training soon becomes proficient in the art
of "gathering" and "dispersing" herds
and flocks.'












BEN NEVIS, THE CHAMPION COLLIE.
The cut represents Ben Nevis, the well
known collie of the Sans Souci kennels in
Philadelphia. He was bred in England,
and has taken a number of prizes in this
country, among which was the champion
prize, won in Philadelphia in 1885.

An Experiment in Cutting Wheat.
Experiments at the Ohio State univer-
sity grounds made it appear that the
practice of cutting wheat before it hard-
ens reduces the quality.. It is explained
that the glutin is two or three days
slower in forming than the starch, and,
when cut in- the milk stage, the amount
of gluoi'is materially diminished. The
.grain may be plumper .jnd the flo.u
whiter, of this early cut wheat, but ac-
cording to the experiments alluded 'to, it
will be deficient in bread making quali-
ties.
The Country's Clover Crop.
S'. The acreage of clover, both'for hay and
see,], eems t"d be steadily increasing in
S aimr.:-.t e-.-ery portion of the country. -.The
S area shows a marked advance i nmany
states this season, especially west of tILh'
Mississippi river and in the south.' Ti6e
only sect "nas cbowing a falling off are the
miili, states and the Ohio valley, where
aupropitious weather resulted in the
freezing out of considerable areas.

Locating Walks and Drives.
When walks arid drives are, to be
locaedtl these oucht to be- placed only
where they will be required for'every day
ui-, anijl as direct from one place tc
another as practicable-not necessarily
.. rr. -r br,. but on graceful sweeps and:
S- curves, which are much more plea-ing tc
the eye. Let the cro.und be graded o ac '
to slope aray gradually from the house.

.quashes a4 a Cecond Crop.
Squ she's are excellent as a secuni crop
-- after spinach, oni,.n .ets, radishes, kale 01
lettuce They:are sonetiLmes crtovn be-
tween the rows' of early beans, peas, cab-
S bages ainI- pota-toes. Every fourth row in
the -early crop is left vacant au,.l thb
squash-seed planted in these rows, and
the early crop li-sared awrny in JulI before
the sqtna-,hes becrin to ruin.

A Thrifty Summering.
..' There is a millionaire at Coney Island
who perhaps lives less expensively thap
many other, person on the island. He. is
known as a miser and recluse who of late
has been suffering from rheumatism.
He first appeared at Coney Island two
ee w s-." i,,, and rented an attic room in a
downtown teneme-nt on Baltic avenue,
a.. rranginj for tne use of the kitchen stove
for cooking purposes. He r ul.sists ,chi-fly
en: on ish caught by univ-elf froj the docLks
onr, the thoroughfare or from one *,f the
bridge-a which -pans it. The expense of
hiring a boilt he could not be induceil to
afford. Every day wben the- -un is out
he goes to the beach and takes a lona sun
bath in the sand, which has proven very
S beneficial. He seldiom speuks to any one,
nt even to the member cof the household
in which he resides. A banker, in speak-
inmg of hin, said: "I have kno.,wn him
for ten years, anl I think his sole thought
is how to make money. Thie poor men
up in Philadelphia who are his tenants,
breathing the. heated air laden with ill-
favored smells, are happier than be.
Strange to say, he hates men ,of means,
S cause,.i doubtless by envious feelings
which creep through the- portaL- of his
brajns."-Chicago Herald.

Lockjaw on Long Iland.
" Who can explain vhat the-re is in the
air or climate of the Long Islaind :, coast
eonduciv'e to the terribi- dt,-.-t'Ase ,f l,'ik-
jaw' Teo step o n a rusty n:Iil froi.:i Fire
Island to Montank is aimlrt siure deitb.
Visitors cannot touch man-,- of th:- i-1 .ts
or shrubs without being poisonel, al-
though they have no such effeLt -.-n the
Natives. Scratches from shrubs or any
sharp surface on the feet, or in fact "ny
part of the hody, are sure t,:, res'sit in seri-
(ous inconrenience for a long time Yet
the natires do not appear to be so sensi-
tive to these infiuent-ee except in the case
ef the rusty nail. That is almost Invara-
bly fatal. The lockjaw smiths ought to
open an expert hospital te, study the
disease somewhere on the island.-New
York Star.
No Happiness in Illeness.
The keenest sorrows of the world are in
the homes of people'of aflutence, thio are
so much envied by those who stricgle in
-. .dally toil for bread; but if theskeletons of
the homes of the honest ,ons of labor
eould be compared wi.h the skeletons of
the homes of the rich, both would learn
-.. -that there is. no happiness in idlene-s., no
wealth but the content of industtry.-
"-'- Philadelphia-Times. .

-Marketing the produce of the farm is
S- ".falfa the battle. .


THREE ETON BOYS.


BY W. E. NORRISI

CHAPTER XI.
I felt tolerably sure that I should not
have to wait long before receiving a visit
and a full confession from Jim. When,
however, he duly presented himself at my
chambers', his avowalf did not prove to be
in all respects what I had anticipated.
"-Harry, old fellow," he began, after he
had cast himself down upon my sofa and
had assumed a most woe begone air, "I've
lost my self respect."
"I shall be very pleased to assist you in
looking about for it," I replied cheerfully,
"and I dare say, between us, we shall
manage to discover it again. It was mis-
laid, I presume, somewhere in Windsor or
Eton on the afternoon or evening of the
20th instant?"
He nodded. "Well, yes; I suppose so.
At any rate, I wasn't quite certain of the
loss until then. Of course, with your
sharp eyes, you saw long ago how matters
were going with -me; but I give you my
honor that I didn't. Not that it would
have made any difference if I had; for
one can't help these things. If you had
asked me, any time during the last six
years, whether I could ever love another
woman as I loved the one whom I was
once so nearly marrying, I should have
laughed at yot. Yet that is what has
happened to me; and I confess that it
makes me feel a little uneasy and
ashamed."I
I could not see why a man who has re-
mained faithful all his life to a woman
who has deceived him and thrown him
over should have any particular right to
respect himself for being such a dolt, and
I said so; but Jim observed that I didn't
seem quite to caicli his uean;-_z
"I owe nothing t 1dinda," b- said, "and
it stands to reason that if one has been
jilted, one is free. It isn't to her that I
have been untrue; it's to myself. I'm too
stupid to explain myself; but six years is
a longish time, you know, and to find my-
self madly in love again, after having been
quite positive for six years that that was
the one sensation which I never could pos-
sibly experience a second time, is a little
upsetting. It makes me feel that I am
not the man I1 took myself for, and also
that I have been a most stupendous fool."
-'You have 'indeed, my dear fellow," I
.agreed, with ready sympathy. .
"Yes, because,- now that I look back
upon it all, I am convinced that I never
was really in love with Hilda. I thought
I was, but it seems tohavebeen a gigantic
mistake from first to last; and what sort
of opinion can one have of anybody who
can make such mistakes as that;:"_
"Be comforted," I replied; "your case is
notwithout numerous precedents, and so
far as you have stated it, it seems to me
to be one for plenary absolution. At the
same time, if you are so very anxious to
frame an indictment against 'yourself, I
think that might be managed without go-
ing so-far afield. I don't blame you for
falling in love with Lady Mildred, for that.
you couldn't help; but, since you must
know as w-el as I do that. you can't marry
her, it might perhaps have been a little
more considerate not to tell her that you
loved her."
"Good Lord!" ejaculated Jim; "you
don't suppose I have told heri, doyou?
Why, I never knew-it myself until the
other day, down at Etin, when the truth
flashed upon me all of a sudden. It may
seem very ridiculous to you, but. I assure
you that up to that moment I had been
under the impression that I only cared for
her as a friend. And it is only as a friend
that she thinks of me."I
"Really "' T said, somewhat staagered.
by this announcement. "Then-excuse
my curiosity, but what made her eyes so
red after you and she had been talking to-
gether.'"
"Her eves were red because she had
been crying," answered Jim, curtly.
He looked so savage that I (lid not like
toprezs him .with further inquiries; but
be resumed by nand by of his own accord:
"She had been telling me about her fami-
ly affairs, and a nice mess they seemed to
have got into. There Li no inlucing Lord
Staies to economize. He has left off rac-
Lig, but I h.Liove that Is the only expense
that he hjs put dow-n, and ,of course he
has to si.pport the Bracknelais. In p,.iint
of fact, I uiiln't come here to speak to, you
about myself and Lady Milh.red, because
that is a perfectly hopeless biiniissi, and
neither yoii nor nnyt'.oly else ,nu ilp rtoe;
but I'm troubled in my mind about
Brarknell. He his been very kindt aud
plea--ant to me since I have been ba.'l, but
I know he is in a sea of dfliculties,
and"--
"I exrectedI this," I interrupted, in
some vexation. "So much for hlis prom-
ise. Ort course he has been ',.orrre-igu
money from you, andl he Ls jt s about as-
likely to repay you as if he were a South
American republic. You may as well
make uip your mind that you will never
see thbt money again."
"Do let a man finish his -entence," re
monstrated J;m. "In the f'rst place, he
hasn't borrowved a shilling oft me. and in
the second, it wouldu't distress me in the
ltast if he had borrowed a tbiouaund
pounds. But do you know, Harry, somae-
rimes I am half afraid that. Bracknell is a
scoundreL''
He -aud this so besitatingly amd with
such a look of anxious deprecation on his
honest tate that I had not the heart to tell
him how extremely probable it was that
his apprehensions were w,.-ll funded, al-
thouch I could not co so far as to meet
him with the contradiction which he evi
dently hoped for. So I only begged him
to be more explicit.
"I suppose you- know," he said, "that
Brackuell hae been several times on the
brink of a smash, snd that his father has
paid his debts, orer and over again. Lord
Staines is the kind of- manr who would
cheerfully give away ninety-nine pounds
if he had only a .nidred left in the world,
and he seents t6 have gone c'n meeting
these periodical demands without a mur-


mur, until one fine day he discovered that
he couldn't raise another 5 note by hook
or by crook. Then he took to his bed and
said he was going to die. Bracknell
wanted a lot of money-how much it was
Lady Mildred doesn't know, but she thinks
it was a very large sum-to save him from
immediate bankruptcy; and the poor old
man was so cut up about it that he almost
went off his head. He declared that he
was the only person to blame; that he had
squandered money which ought to have
been saved for his son; that he had brought
Bracknell up to be extravagant and was
bound to see him through, and so forth;
and when he was in the midst of his
despair, as luck would have it, Alfred
Beauchamp came in to see'him, I sup-
pose," added Jim, with a touch of reluc-
tance, "that Beauchamp must be a good
fellow. Anyhow, he Insisted upon lend-
ing his uncle the money; and so"-
"And so Lord Staines rose from his bad
and promptly forgot all about the matter?'
I suggested, as Jim came to a halt.
"No; not exactly that. He told Beau-
champ frankly that he didn't think there
was much prospect of his ever being able
to discharge his debt, but that-that, in
.short, he wouldn't so much mind owing
the money to his son-in-law as to his
nephew. Do you see?"
I could not help laughing at this amazing
method of canceling a liability, which
-assuredly would never have entered into
the head of any human being but Lord
Staines. "I can't say that I do see," I
replied. "Fathers don't as a rule, expect
to be handsomely paid 'for allowing their
daughters to be taken off their hands; on
the contrary, it is they who are expected
to make settlements upon their daugh-
ters."I
"Yes, but the husband makes settle-
ments, too-, and it appears that Beau-
champ was to deduct -this sum from the
amount that he would otherwise have set-
tled upon Lady Mildred. ,Most likely the
fact of the matter was that he was over-
flowing with money, and that he was a
good natured sort of chap, and that he
was glad to hold out a helping hand to his'
uncle. Whether he was really anxious to
marry his cousin at that time or not I
can't make out; perhaps it was only to
pacify the old man that he said he was.
But he certainly wasn't in any hurry to
change his condition. He begged Lord
Staines not to mention the subject for an-
other year, because he had made arrange-
ments to go off to Newfoundland and
Canada for salmon fishing and couldn't
tell how long he might be away, so Lady
Mildred never heard a word about it until
a few weeks ago, although of course she
suspected that it was Beauchamp who had
got her father out of his difficulties, and.
she couldn't he-lp Lhknowing that her people
wanted her to marry the man. ,.When.she
met him again in the beginning of the
season he paid her a great deal of atten-
tion, and everything seemed to be going,
smoothly until Lady: Bracknell, for rea-
sons best known to herself, took it into
her head to put a. stop to the affair. You
must have seen how easy she has found it
to do that.. Everybody has seen it, except
Lord Staines, who was frightened at. first.,
but was quite reassuredI after Braccknel
had promised to make his wife drop Beau-
champ. .
"Bracknell knows about this curious
money transar.ctlon, then:"' I asked.
"He knows now. His father thought it
best to tell him when Hilda's game be-
came evident, and that is what makes me
afraid he isn't as straight as he ought to
be. Because Lady Bracknell hasn't
dropped the man, and when you come to
think of it, it is clearly to Bracknell's in-
terest that Beanuchamp should remain
single." '' .
That'was undeniable, but what Inter-
ested me more than Bracknell's probable
bad faith was the singular attitude as-
sumed by Jim, who seemed to be not only
prepared but anxious to give up the girl
of his heart to Beauchamp. I ventured
to express a little of the surprise that I
felt, which had the unexpected effect of
making him very angry. What, he
wanted to know, did I take himnfor? And
as I made no reply, being unable to hit
upon one which should be at the same
time truthful and. flattering, he went on
to explain that true love ia sentiment of
which I was evidently ignorant) Is, in Its
nature, disinterested; that the true lover
desires the happiness of the beloved ob-
ject; not his own, and further, that, after
what had passed between Lord Staines
and Beauchamnp, Lady Mildred's rnarriage
with the latter was the only conceivable
means of averting disgrace from her
family. .
"As to the nature. of true love," I an-
swered, "I will bow at once .to your su-
perior known ledtge, although my own U.m-
-ited opportunities of judging would have
led me to think ,otherwise. But with re-
gard to these subtleties about, the disgrace
which thrateans the house of Henley, I
confess that, I can neither follow 3.1u nor
aaree with yon. Beauchamp, it teems,
has lent money to Lord Staines, and if
you say that Lord Staines or his succc-esot
is bound In honor to refund the. money
eventually, and to pay interest upon It in
the meantime, I am ciluite with you. But
when you assert that honor can only br
satisfied by Lady Mildred's marrying,
against her will, a man who doesn't want
to marry her, you really do get a little be-
yond my depth."
"Who told you that it would be against
her will.' aske-1d Jim. '
"My dear Jim," I returned, with ex-
cusable Impatience, "am I an absolute
idliot;'" .. .- -.. .. -
He did not reply in the negative with
that promptitude which I should have ex-
pec ted.
-'N-nO," he said hesitatingly, after a
pause, "but. you may be mistaken. So,
of course, may I; only I don't think I am.
You see, I couldn't ask her point blank
whether she loved the man, could I' All
I. kaciw is that. she had made up her mind
to marry him if he asked her, that she
thinks it her duty to marry him, and that
she is awrtuly distressed about Brack-
nell's behavior. I haven't such a bad
opinion of Bracknell as yo. have. My
bc-ief is that, if mutters were put plainly
before him, he woul *'se,- what a dirty
business this is and would refuse to have
.anything more to do with it. And I've a
great mind to look him up and ttll him
what I think."
I end.-,-vortd to (Ilisuade my friend


-: : -'.
._r .. -.

S--...=:- ./-;. :.-.- ,.


A?. -*~ -
M


from taking this uncalled for step; I rep-
resented to him, in the prettiest language
at my command, that he would do far
better to mind his own business, and that
if he insisted. upon meddling with what
did not concern him, he would only get
rapped over the knuckles for his pains;
but, as I mentioned at the beginning of
this chapter, very few people are wise
enough to act upon my advice. Jim
assured me that -he did not in the least
mind being rapped over the knuckles, that
he intended to do what he was pleased to
call "the straight thing," .without regard
to personal consequences, and that, for the
rest, he was far too unhappy already to
be made either more or less so by Brack-
nell's displeasure.
So .I let him go, without attempting to
comfort him about Lady Mildred, or tell-
ing him what was y own belief with re-
gard to her affections. It would not, I
imagine, have made him any happier to
know that she was in all probability as
unhappy as he, and the prospect of this
love affair reaching a successful issue was
so very slight that it seemed best to let it
die of inanition, as all love affairs will, if
only sufficient time be allowed them.

CHAPTER XII.
Not long after Jim had left me I walked
down to the club to glance through the
evening papers, and finding my favorite
arm chair by the window vacant, I seated
myself comfortably In it and took up The
St. James' Gazette. The political article
did not look very interesting, so I skipped
it and went on to the next, which was
printed in smaller type, and was headed
"Infants in the Saddle."
"A much, needed warning to parents,"
it began,' "will, we may hope, be conveyed
by the sad accident to Lord Bracknell's
child which we report elsewhere. The
wonder is that such accidents are not of
more frequent occurrence." I read no
further, but hurriedly turned over. tho
leaves of the paper until I came. upon the
following paragraph:
"Accident in Rotten Row.-Lord Sun-
ning, the only child of Lord Bracknell,
and grandson of the Earl 6f Staines, was
riding _in Rotten row. this morning, at-
tended by a groom, when his pony sud-
denly became unmanageable and bolted.
The animal galloped for a considerable
distance, then swerved and fell, throwing
its rider with great violence against the
iron railings. Lord Sunning, who was
rendered insensible by the fall, was at
once removed to his father's residence in
Wilton place, where we regret to say that
he lies in a precarious condition, hravino',,
it is feared, sustained incurable injuries."
I ordered a hans,:m and started at once
lor Wilton place, bh:,ping agajo-t hope that
the nev-pcip-apr report might turn out to be
an exaJeratiton. .
But i.efre the butler who opened the
door for me had spoken a word I knew
that there was no hope. In a few mo-
me.its I had heard all about it. The great
doctors had been and had gone away
again, saying that nothing could be done.
Stendce of death had been pronounced,
and the boy would hardly live until] morn-
ing. He was conscious now, and hrad no
pain, the butler said. "Perhaps his lord-
ship would see you, sir," he added, in a
low voice; "he's bearing up wonderful."
I entered the hall, where several ser-
vants .were standing about, and one of
them went to tell Bracknell I was there.
At the foot of the staircase sat a man in
groom's dress, bending forward, with his
.elbows on his-kriees, arid a look of such
blank despair upon his face that I could
not refrain from making an effort to com-
fort hiro. "It wasn't your fault, you
know, James," I said-stupidly enough.
The man lifted his heavy eyes for a mo-
ment. "His lordship spoke terrible 'ard to
rAe, sir," he said.
I could well beliere It. Men like Brack-
nell are apt to be cruel and unjus.t in their
gricf, n'nd to attack the first. person who
chances to cross their path;, but. to them,
in their turn, it is an injustice to remem-
ber words spoken at such times. I was
endeavoring'to say as much to the unfor-
tunate James, who, however, did not ap-
pear to hear me, when Bracknell came
down stairs, with a slow, steady step.
Except that bhis usually dflorid complexion
had become perfectly colorless, he showed
no traces of em,-tion. He waited until he
was close bei-ide me, and then said quite
quietly, "Sunning has broken his back,
Maynard."
All of a sudden the groom burst out
crying. I don't know anything more
painful and pathetic to witness than the
unrestrained weeping of those wvho belong
to what we call the lower orders. It Is all
very well to say that they feel less deeply
than we who have been schooled to con-
trol ourselves; but sometimes I doubt
whether they really do feel less deeply,
and whether, after all, we have much
right to 'consider ourselves superior to
them because, as we assume, our sorrow
outlasts theirs. For In truth all sorrow is
short, lived enough.
Bracknell glanced at the man, knitting
his brows. "James," he said, "I believe
I blamed you just now. I was wrong;
you were not. to blame. I beg your par-
don, James."
He spoke. In a hard,-level voice. He
had made a mistake and apologized for it;
but he was not, apparently, moved. Pres-
ently he turned away, taking me by the
arm and saing, "Come upstairs and seo
the buy. There is no more suffering now;
but he is dying; all the same. Won't last
through the night, they say."
I followed him up the stairs and across
the landing, wonderinga little at his calm-
ness. But with his hand upon the lock of
a door, from the other side of which came
an andible murmur of voices, he faced
about, abruptly, his eyes blazing and his
white face set.
"Damn that woman!" he exclaimed.
"She promised me that the boy should
never ride alone again, and she has killed
him rather than have one of her cursed
flirtations interrupted."
I caught him by the arm to stop him,
for his voice rang through the silent house;
but he g-ue-sed what I was afraid of, and
broke into an odd, savage sort of a laugh.
"Oh, don't distress yourself," he said;
"it's all one to her-she doesn't care!"
Then he went into Snhuing's room.
The poor little man was tying flaton his
batk where they had laid him. His cheeks
were as white as marble, and his features


295


were pinched and snarp, but of all the
crowd of faces which I saw confusedly as
I entered, his was the most cheerful.
Lady Bracknell was sitting by the win-
dow, pressing her handkerchief to her lips.
She looked frightened, I thought. Beside
her stood Jim, who, I suppose, had come
to the house upon the errand that we
know of, and had been admitted. Lady
Mildred was there too, and Sunning's old
nurse, and Lord Staines, and Mr. Turner;
but none of them spoke to me, nor did I
venture to do more than glance at them.
.:iunninii had h-S dog, a little blue Skye,
on the- bed beside him. He held out his
left hand to-me, for his right arm was
crushed and powerless, and smiled. We
had been friends, more so than I.have had
any occasion to mention in the course of
this narrative, and I think he was glad to
see me. He wished me to have the dog,
he said, and I-was to take him away with
me, please, because he wouldn't lie still
much longer, "and he hasn't t.'l lii waiaLk
to-day." He had a few last wi"otrs t,o say
to me, but they were only a few, .for his
strength was evidently ebbing, fast, and I:
could see that his childish brain was pre-
occupied. His eyes kept wandering from
one member of the group to another, but
always rested longest upon hiis fnher.
whose broad shoulders .,- r: tui nd,.-
toward us, and whose elbow I touched at
last, feeling sure that the boy wanted to
speak. to him.
Bracknell wheeled round hastily and
dropped on his knees beside the bed.
"Yes, my boy," he said, "what is it?"
"Father," whispered Sunning, "you
won't have Sheila shot, will you? I don't
want Shiela to be shot."' .-
I.hi eyes grew very. large and piteous,
and there was a quiver about the corners
of his in.:.utrr.. No daius. he ilaEl h.-i 1u .,n
*experience of his titii-r': ,p.i_-0:iat.
nature, and feared thl, t, ii a fit .:r u te i-a-
sonin- fz try, i.- tri-hi rake vi ::1i.,-:,,,- ti.:aC
the rire p,:-ri-iIAl:.- caun-. O- i-u or'- 'i:l iit .
But Bracknell answered gruffly, "No,
my boy; nobody shall harm her.- I'll
,swear that." : -
Sunning gave a little sigh of relief;
looked curiously at 'his father for a mo-
ment, and then turned his head toward
Lord Staines, who was sitting motionless
on' the other side of the 'bed, in what
seemed like a state of nerveless .stupor.
"Never mind, gran," he said; "it
doesn't hurt." And then, "You're so
awfully old, too, gran; you'll come soon."
Lord Staines made no answer, but
Mr. Turner rose and approached, wiping
the'tdars a-n-iv irou) hit fo-:]l ol-a ,- eves
with a large -ilk pocket hpu,,kerchief.
"We shall f,:, to you, but you n-will not.
,ome back to u, Sinnimrg," he began. I
don't eaie to quote tlhe rest of his re-
miarks. -He was a cleri: of the old faIsh-
",neil school, who hadl not, I should
inmrgine, occupied himself- much with the
subject of esclitctlogy. It was, perhaps,
right that he should give utterance to his
views, which, I am sure, were at any rate
iicEr.:.; but th,.se stereotyped phrases
about the New Jerusalem an'l white
wlni-l iann-ls anidl glen harps, rnun(i-
ated- with a reritrin pomposity, despite the
r.ccasional quavering of the speaker's
voice, jarred somewn'at upon my ears, as
I dare say they '.lid upon those of several
other persons present. Sunning listened
patiently. Tifantk God, he bad not many
sins,.even of a childish kind, to reproach
himself with. H', had alahv-ayI ben a
good boy, as well as a brave one, and had
no neel to ,lr.:ad thie unknown future, be
that what it tay.
After a time, he beckoned to ,me and
put the dog into -my arms. Goodby,
Bluey," he whispered. Thie dog licked
his face and he patted its rough head, and
then for the first time two great tears
welled up into hbis eyc-s and brlimed over.
I bent over him aud ki-sed him, and
then I picked up the dog and went away.
I had no right to- Intrude upon the scene
which I could see was close at hand; and
besides, to tell the truth, I couldn't bear
it any longer. Many sadder things than
a child's ,.c-ath are happening in the world
every hou'. One may look back upon it
dispassionately now and say that it was
perhaps well that our poor-little Sunning
should havu been taken from us-that if
he Asad lived, hle might not have been
happy; that he would almost rertalnly
have been badly brought up; that
he would have succeeded to a di-
miinished property; that. he would
very likely have followed in the steps of
his father and grandfather, with less
means at his disposal, and consequently
greater temptations than theirs, and so
forth; but the fact remains that be was
the brightest and most promising child I
have ever known, and th.bat, humanly
speaking, his life was cut short because
his mother did not choose to take the
trouble of looking after him. -

Ice Water and Walermelons.
One favorite newspaper topic is a
declamation against.ice water, yet every-
body drinks it, and nobody Is hurt -unless
the water Itself Is bad, or it Is used to ex-
cess, and men are made Ill by excess in
eating and drinking of anything. Another
fancy is that watermelons are a frequent
cause of colic, and they used to be called
"cholera bombs," and yet nothing is more
wholesome and harmless than that part of
the melon which is usually eaten.-New-
burypmrt Herald. :. -
"1 Victims in the Comstock.
' The Salt Lake Tribune declares that the
victims in the Comstock mine averaged
one a week through the twenty-seven
years that the lode has been worked.
That Is to say, at least 1,4i00 miners have
been sacrificed there by fire, gas, dead air,
falls, caving in, explosions or accidents to
machinery. A peculiar sternness of feature
and sententlousness of speech among the
miners are results of this experience.-
Boston Transcript.

Lives Lost by Tornadoes.
A recent est-imnate places the number of
human lives lost in the United States by
tornadoes during the last ten years at a
little less than 2,000. It Is also declared
that nearly all of these -lives were need-
lessly sacrificed through ignorance or fool-
hkrdiniess. Those, who will heed the warn-
Ing in the sky can put themselves in a
place o[ safety long before the destroyer
bursts upon them.-Chicago News.


UNLOADING A BANANA. VESSEL.
A iMotley Lot -of Jabbering, Perspliring
Dealers-Grades of Fruit. "-
Forty years ago sca.rti-. a bunch of.
bananas came to New, York :by ve-:el- ..
Until ten years ago they were brought
here only in little brigs and schooners.
Now they come in great ocean steamers..
only. The l'ir.-r ,iintity is re-tived be- -
tween May andiI September, hut through-
out the year ,tr,- .trrv,.l ofbarranaf laden
steamers will average foiuLr each week, or
say .200 per year. An average cargo is-
20,000 bunche-s, and the bu nches -will each
average 200 i, parate pie.:- ofi fruaJt. .-But
here was the Amicitia, from Baracoa,
Cuba, and 200 sweltering, half mad Italiarin
and "dago" Cuban fruit buyers. An en- .
tire cargo is disposed- of as rapidly .as it -
comes out of the hold. In the old times.
three to six days were requireId to unmload-
a little schooner. Now a great steamer
will discharge a cargo of bananas in ten
.hours. The consignee has r,,tlfied every
dealer in the rlity, and they are early ali
here, e motley lot whose jabbering, curs-
ing-and perspiration are something ter-
rible : indeed. They swarm over -the
steamer'st deck and drive bargains as
though their very immortal souls de- -
pended on the higgle haggning over that-
load, or that bunch, .of bananas.
Gangs of from eight to sLxt-e-n men are
required'at each hutch, and thee fellows
who work in the hold in the most tearful :
stench ever whiffed by human nose re-
ceive 25 cents an hour. They are the
lowest species of belin-'s e stlnq along the
docks. They possibly get two dayc' work
a week. That. is en.:,ugh. They live on
bananas, swill andI arbage, sailor board-
ing house rumn, antlide alung the burning
pavement-. ,:.f S.outh and West streets in
,odddlen, :pe-n-mouthed stupor, with less
manners and brains than sw-ine. Relays
are formed fr,--m the hold, ain. thebunches
tossed thence, one at a time, being caught-
on their way out by- each man with ha r.i is -
fiat, palms upward and bowed forearms,
which act as a sort of plliowm-ing for the
1i1 ILt.
The rapidity and safety of the move-
ment:of these bunches are marvelous.-
At each hatch on deck are a tallyman for
the vessel, and.a tillyman who is also a =
"'-leter" ffor the c,,ig-i,.- The latter
grade~' the ribnches as rby co-me flying
from the hold with Incredible swiftness .
and accuracy. A few feet below on the
docksare scores of derileis' wagons, and,
according to the grade, a constant stream
of bunches flows into each. In tbeie they -
are carried to the "sweat rooms" of the :
r-holesaiers, where they are hung minuch '
hike curing tobacco, and kept at about 110 :-
tdegrees of lieat night and day for from
three to five days, when the bunches,
which were- origin-lly a livid green, are
ripened and transformed to the tempting -
yellow clusters which lure us to the stalls
of Lorenzo the Magnifcent's descendants
upon the streets.
The grades are simply "firsts," "sec-
onds," "culls" and "ripes." "Firate"
are bunches containing the most and
finest trult. "Seconds" are all other _-
prime condition, marked table bunches. ;
"Culis" are the lowest grade fruit, and .
"'ripes" comprise the overripe afidwPartly ~-
decayed bananas. The "culls" are piled on :
deck in freckled, unsightly heaps, and
you will bave to wade ankle deep In
"'ripes" until they are sorted and corded,
two tiers lengthwise, In old orange boxes,
one-quarter of a cargo possibly being In
this condition. The price secured for
barnauasbvy the vessel load is about. $1.12
per bunch, and the retailer gets them at
$1.40. As the bunchesaverage 200 pieces 4 -
each, any one can estimate the profits in
the street banana trade.-Edgar L. Wake- -,
man in Globe-Democrat. -i
.,11 -... .- -. *: "'
On the Country Road.
A Saratoga, N. Y., farmer reports that .
he keeps crows from tpuiing the corn :
by scattering a few quarts over the field -
for them to pick up,- and repeating it if
necessary. The crows eat enough grubs
and cu-t worms to pay for the.corn.
Five hundred and sixty-five acres of
corn have been-engaged of the .Andros-
coggin county, Me., farmers by the two
Auburn corn canning factories. : : *.I
Prof. Robertson, of Canada, claims that
cream raised by the deep cold process pro- .
duces a butter that is less highly flavored
when first made, and Is, In fact, often in-
sipid at that time, but'its flavor increases .
with age, and is at Its best when several
weeks old. :
New England farmers attribute' the
disease known as weak loins in hogs to
lying in hot house manure. It is a rheu-
matic trouble which may be cured by
active and continued rubbing. It may
also be cured by exercise and fresh air.
SThe farmers of Texas, Arkansas andr
Louisiana propose building cotton, cotton
seed ol and flour mills at different centers .
in those states, the farmers to own said
mills In common ..... '
Potato growers in California are elated -
over the success of the plan of shipping
potatoes to Chicago. -.-
It is said that. the government still
owns 89,000,000 acres of unsirveyed land .
In Nevada. _
Pyrethrum Is nor. poisonous to verte-
brate animals, bat a little of the dust
blown upon an Insect of almost any kind "'
Is sure and speedy death.
Rural New Yorker recommends buhach
or pyrethrum, in water, one tablespoonful t
to two gallons, as an excellent wash to
keep files from worrying work horses.
The freshest eggs are heaviest. Placed
In a pan of water they sink; older eggs ..
partly sink, and stale ones float on t1he top.' .
Raw onions, chopped fine and mixed ,
with the food twice a week, are said to be '
a preventive of chicken cholera. .. +
The cultIvation of the bamboo for
fencing material has been begun In Cali-
fornia. It ls said that an acre will pro-
duce pickets enough each year to make -
six miles of fence. .A
The establishment of mills by the Sontt --
eru Cotton Oil company is an assured'"faWT;'' -
they are now drectlng eight mills between [..
Texas and North Carolina. .. .-.-

Waldo will have a cold storage planat"2


S ..-
" '- ..= t










296 FLORIDA FAR-MERI AND FRU


AN ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE. as usually appertain to those offices. They
shall be the trustees of the association,
S-empowered to execute, on behalf of the
w The Florida Immigration Asso- association, all such writings or legal docu-
Stat4 News in Brief. ments as may be necessary for the pur-
iciation's Plan of Work. poses of the association. and ar" also em-
-Levy county crops are good. powered, as trustees of the association, to
-Thee is a brass band ato Plant City. T FL A OMOCE or ) receive conveyances of land, -and to con-
-There is a brass and at Plant ity. FO A IMMIGATION ASSOCIATION, vey the same, duly accounting for their
-Waldo will have a cold storage plant. JAcOxsoNviLv Fla., September 3,1887. ) acts to the Executive Committee. The
-Ormond's hotel will require 150,000 The most important material question for treasurer shall give bond in such amount
feat of I umber, your considerationto-dayis the introduction and with such security as the Central Corn-
into your State of industrious, thrifty set- mittee may direct and approve.
-Tampa is contemplating electric tiers. We must bring these men from other ARTICLE IV.
lights for the city. States and countries. Meetings and Quoruin
-An oyster canning company has The Immigration Convention which met n o
been organized in Nassau county in Jacksonville August 3d to 5th effected a SECTION 1. The calls for annual meetings
ben organized in Nassau county State organization by appointing one mem- shall be issued through the leading news-
-The cotton crop in the vicinity of ber from each county in the State and five papers of the State, tobe designated by the
Tallahassee. promises particularly well. members at large, forming an Executive Central Committee. Any number of mem-
Committee. In order to secure efficient bers respondingto the call shall ccustitut.
-The strawberry culture is gaining prosecution of the work, this committee a quorum. I
favor in Dade City and the neighborhood. elected J. 3. Daniel, of Jacksonville, presi- Sec. 2. The Executive Committee shall
-Cedar Key's ice factory will be ship- dent, and W. 'T. Forbes secretary and treas- meet at the call of the president. Five
edfr Harrs Pa., about ther urer; also the following to compose a "cen- members shall be a quorum.
pd from Harrisburg, Pa., about the trial committee : Sec. 3. The Central Committee shall
25th. J 3.J. Daniel, Jacksonville; W. T. Forbes, meet at the call of the President. A
-St. Augustine expects an asphalt Jacksonville; C. B. McClenny, McClenny; majority shall be a quorum.
vpaement on "the shell road" by Decem- C. C. Bemis. Green Cove Spring; Robert ATILE .
her n 1 Bullock Ocala; Martin Griffin, Sr., Palatka; -TIL V.
e Walter Gwynn, Sanford; John A. Macdon- Membership.
-A canal is contemplated connecting aid, Eustis. SECTION 1. Any citizen of Florida,or other
Lakes Eustis and Yale with the Ockla- The following were also chosen as vice- person owning property in Florida, may be-
waha. presidents: J.b. Wall, Tampa- J. L Inglis, come a regular member of this association
Lar s, esu an usaeMadison; S. A. Swann, Fernandina; Martin by paying the admission fee of one dollar
-Tavares, Leesburg and Eustis are Griffin Sr., Palatka; C. C. Banfill, DeFuniak; and signing the constitution; and.' he shall
having a triangular fight for the county W. G. obminson, Gainesville. continue a member so long as he shall pay
seat of Lake county. The executive committee were charged by his annual dues, unless suspended or ex-
-A Columbia county farmer culti- the convention with the duty bof preparing a pulled as may be provided in the-by-laws.
vates with one horse about fifty-six acres plan for organizing branch organizations, Sec. 2. Any person may become a contrib-
n corn ote an and a plan for bringing immigrants into uting member and be separately enrolled as
in corn, cotton, potatoes, cane, etc. Florida. The committee has adopted the such, by contributing annually the sum of
-The engineer corps of the Thomas- following plan of organization: ten dollars to the association.
ville and Tallahassee Railroad is within PREAM.LE. ARTICOLE vi.
less than ten miles.s of the latter place. At a meeting of 175 delegates from nearly Dues.
,T o vesl. a all the counties of Florida, held in Jackson- SECTION 1. The annual duiles to hbe paid by
-The sponge vessels at Key West ville August 3d to 5th,31887, for the purpose each regular member shall be one dollar,
have not done much of late. Business of promoting immigration to Florida, an ex- one half of which shall go to his branch or-
in that city is temporarily depressed. ecutive committee of one from each county, ganization, if he be a member of one; the
bul in th with five members at large, was chosen to other .half shall be paid to the treasurer of
-More railroads are being built inthe organize the Florida Immigration Associa- the State Executive Committee.
direction of Tallahassee than of any tion. In pursuance of the directions of that
other city in the south. The city ex- convention, this committee have adopted ARTICLE VII.
pects to become a railroad centre. the following constitution: Branch Associations.
-Three yearsago here was not a rail- Constitution. SECTION 1. Branch associations may be
-Three years ago there was not a rail- organized in. any part of Florida, by en-
road or telegraph line in Volusia county. ATICL 1 rolling fifty or more members, adopting the
Now that county's railroads are assessed Name and PuTrpose. constitution of the State Association, and
at $495,000 and the telegraph lines at $5,- SECTION 1. This organization shall be paying into the treasury of the Stkte Asso-
000. knownas"TheFloridalImmigrationAssocia- elation fifty cents for each member en-
tion." Its purpose shall be to organize and rolled. -
--No matter in what direction you promote immigration to Florida. Sec. 2. Branch associations shalfbe num-
look one can see: several new buildings ATi bered serially thus: Branch Association
in Course of erection. The sound ofNO. --, headquarters at-- .
hammer and theo ring of the trowel is Officers. Sec. 3. Each branch association may adopt
heardin a h direction tartow f SEcTION 1. The officers shall be a presi- such methods of organization an4.work as
heard all directions.-Bartow Infor- dent, secretary, treasurer, and an executive it may deem best, provided thee do not
mant. committee of one from each branch associa- conflict with the constitution and by-laws
At a recent mass meeting at Pine tion in the State. There shall also be such of the State association.
-t rece mass meeting at P. e number of vice-presidents as the executive Sec. 4. Branch organizations shill report
Level, the object of which was to select committee may' determine, ad a central to the e:rtayan d tiuturer of th6 State
a place to be voted for as the county committee, to be elected by the esecutti v aas.-:,ciatiou.
.. seat of DeSoto county, Nocatee was de- committee, and to be as many in number aw Sec. Auy member of any branch asso-
Sclared the unanimous choice of the meet- they shall determine. cilation may vote at tLi- annual meeting.
ing, Sec. 2. The'executiv'e committee shall be --- :
chosen by vote of a majority of the memn- A delegation from the Executive Comn-
-The "Mascotte' "came into Key West bers present, and voting at the annual meet- ntittee attended the meeting of thed" South-
with fifteen passengers from Havana ing of the association. The other officers etn PasEen-ger Agents' Association held at
Saturday night; among them four of shall be chosen by the executive committee, Cape May, N. J., August 16th and 17th and
the Havana custom house officers r- who shall have power to fill all vacancies in obtained assurances from all railroad lines
centlyi bonpoddb h e Cuba n Capta. their own membership. There may also be leading into Florida from other States that
enteay1 ,.choenh by the executive committee f6ive., whenver we have the imnmig rants ready to
enera.- meminbers.ait.lare, in addition to the mem- come, the irailrad companies will bring
-Wewereredibly informed the other bership above provided. them at very low- rates, and, as needed, witY
day .that partes from, t Nt wr See. 3. All officers shall be elected from put on s ecial immigrant cars, such as are
a na p ai catio, amort were. nougthe members of theExecutive Corn- now used for th-ir transportation to the
the countylooking.up a location for-an mittee, excepting that the secretary and Pac-tic coast. "
establishment for' extracting perfumes treasiu-er mar, at the discretion of the said Before we proce.-ed farther wth:this ira-
and oils from herbs._"Orlando Reporter. committee, be chosen from outside their portant work, it is requisite:a
-oe o ls. uh ,,o a- ~ own membership. .The combined officesof Fir't. That the organization be corn-
-Joseph oble brought to our office secretary and treasurer may be held by onepleted and. put into vigorous operation in
this weejg large,'juicy, "dead ripe or- person if deemed best by the committee, every part of Florida. .
ange front the crop of last season; also Sec. 4. The annual meeting of the asso- Scond. That the treasury be provided
an almost full-grown specimen from the ciation shall be held in the city of Jackson- with funds ample to meet expenses.
S Febdruary bloom and one from the July ville, or elsewhere at the discretion of the Third. That the lands for sale by corpora-
bloom ,'and clapped the climax with a Executive Committee, on the first Monday ,tibns and individual owners be mapped,
hunch of fragrant blosocms for the of September;, in each year after 1W7. At described and priced; andthat the owners
Smoth of Aug-ust. These four crs this meeting the officers shall be elected, avail themselves of the facilities to be pro-
mont .t AUU. rh.e ourcrops and they shall hold office until their succes- vided by their branch or.anizationsl as well
were taken from one tree in Mr, Robles' goys are chosen. as by the State organization for the sale of
i grove on the avenue.-Tampa Trib- The following, who were elected at the, these laude at low prices.
S une. meeting held August 3d to 5th, shall be the, Fourth. That eveor. possible inducement
S ei hp n h ; -- -- ,so" officers until their"successors are duly elect-' b. offered by the people of Florida to
S ishtshipmentsof thisseasons e: attract inimirants tcr, the State.
oranges were made recently from Al- President-J. J. Daniel, Jacksonville. Fifth. That a bureau of statistics be
tamonte and Twin Lake. Doctor Ferson Secretary and Treasurer-W. T. Forbes, established andthatlarge supplies of reliable
: Wa the shipper from the latter point. Jacksonvjile. ,and attractive matter be carefully prepared
This is about as early as was ever known Vice-Presidents-J. P. Wall, Tampa J and printed, and widely and judiciously
' for the-golden fruit to commence to L. Inglis,-Madison'S S A. Swamn, Ferna_.- distributed.
S ove Shippers att this season will no Bdine Mart Grn, Sr. Palatka C. th. That the tsprta. ion companies
b. t r fancy figures. BThneseor- i, DeFuniak; W. G. Aobinson, Gaines- :o-:p rr.: u fll v.,
doubt"e "zEV, S:&nth. Tbhat thm press of t his State be
: angels are doubtless the fruit from a Central Committee-1. J. Daniel .Tac'keir.n- hearetilh nliht tbd in o operation.
-few trees that blossomed last year out of ville- W. T. Forbes, Ja' k,:,onv-ill; C.' B. I We ask your careful attention, to the
seasou.-Sanford Journal. McClenny, MdOlenny; C. C. Beret'. Green follow-inig amplification of the for.egoing
Adjutant General LaTng returned to Cove Spring; Robert Bullock, t)enl; Mar- reauisities : :
Tuesdaya..nd"-- rer- tin Grin, Sr., Palatka Waier Gwvnu. lit. Organization.
tune "aae caSr Paatka,- a`atann repor, s
Sthe State capital T esdaya' and reports S-.rd: JihnA. Macdonald, Eustis. I We ak that the members ofthe'Execu-
that the encampment of theState troops" Excutive Commiittee-.ae.hua 'county. tire C-ommittee iu eac.'h county, with the co-
at Pablo was a gratifying su,:'-cess. The W ._. Robin:son, (aine-svlie: Baker county operation Of the delegates from their
soldiers presented a fine military appear- *. B. MClieunr, MViCln->-; Bradif-id lespective colinties, to the recent Immigra-
ance, and the drilling was very credilri- conutniy, G. E. Pahe.Starke: Brtvard county, t%. a i.n Convention, proceed at ,nce. under the
ble to the companies, many members of C. B. Me-iruder, Rockletdge. (lay couutv, above plan t,. secure the organization n of
which were unaccustomed to military C. t. Bernie. Green Cove .'uprin C:.atlhoun Ibranu. assocatons. in their searat eoan-
Stie countty. J. S. [Fannin. Binisnttown Citrus ties.
service, and bad been practicing tie art county, A. E. Wilard, Homoas.a; (Colum-' Let your people muet t,:.getbh.-r and organ-
S for only a fowv weeks.-Tallahassee Flor- bia cduntty, J. F. Bava, Lake City; Dade ize of themselves and in theu- own warv, sub-
ij" idian. county, Iva'ant ,; DeSrlto county, (vacant); ict only- to the general convention. Let
-The eitor f the a New Ea ha Dual" county, W. T. Forbes. Jacksonville. enrollmeut books be opened in every pre-
-The editor of the Citra New Era has Escambia countv. F. C. Sh-ppard. Pensa- cinct, and every resident be invited to join
a novelty in the way of a telegraph line. cola. Franklin county. W. T. Orman, Apa, and enroll his name, and to give his earnest
A wire fence runs from'the Florida Rail- lachudola; Gadsden county, E. P. Dismukes; personal efloits to aid the cause. W. think
way and Navigation depot to the Florida Quinuvcy: Hamilton count-. J. F. it best. that the people of each locality should
Southern depot, a distance of ahout one Ancrum, Jasper; Hernando coun- ad-.pt such methods of their own as they
mile The editor made a circuit by tv. L. Y. Jenness, Brooksville; may deem most effective. The important
mile, The editor made a circuit by tun- L
ninDg wire from the New Era office ilesborough county, J. B. Wall, Tampa; Eoint Ve desire to urge is that the people
nog wire fn rom tcne iew wira o fa Hlica county. A. G. Stewart. Bonifay; ORGANIZE without delay, and that, as
to the fence, connecting it with one of Jackson county, G. A. Baltzell, Marianna; soon ias possible, alI citizens tbe enrolled as
the fence wires, which made a circuit Jefferson county I vacant ,; Lake couwtv. members, 6o that we may accompisp much
of the Florida Southern depot. He has Dr. John T. Richmond, 'Okahumpa: La- before the present season has pis.aed.
six offices on his short line- fayette couutv. i vacant i: Lee county, F. A. Secuud. Funds.
A n te f Hendrv, Fort Me ers: Lein county. R. B. For th, present, we must rely upon the
-A "'madstone," taken from the Hilton, 'Tallahassee, Levy county, F. E. annual dues and the subscriptions ot the
stomach of a deer, has been presented to Hole, Cedar Key: Liberty .o uty, H. J. contributing g members.
ex-Goveruor Walker, of Tailahassee. Solomon, Bristol: Marion county, Robert I The work cannot be prosecuted without
The stone is oblong in shape, being bout BuUloek, Ocala: Manatee county. 'vacant' money, and if the people of this State will
an inch and a half in length,i and o'i MaIadson county, J. L. Lagiis, MadisoiL; 'enrolliandi par their ues, and all who are
gayis1h colahor. One engd ta dto ablunt Muonro cuutyv. vacant : .Nassu ccuuti abte will j-,in the list of 'outamibutina mer-
giayithwoloe. One end apes iata luit S A. Swann. Feinandina: Orange cout, s,,'ber" we ,tan accompUsh good results.
point, while the other end is fiat, with Walter Gwynn. San.fOrd: aOnaeol county. L. I There is no Statn appropriation for immi-
lan aperLure. from which may be seen p. Hughes, Kissimmee: Pasco county. ;I. F. graition. The Chlifornie people bavyejcon-
that the stone is filled with a pithy sup' Latham. Dale City: PFik county, J. W. tri.uted very laige sums of mo.,ney fo4 this
stance. This end is applied to the wound, TrammeU, Lake-and, Pttnam county, Mar- purpose, ann, the result is that tbe'o State is
.anrdits pithy centre is said to absorb the tin Griffin, Sr., Palatha; Santa Rosa co-,un adrertiser everywhere, end many thousand
poison. It is said the stone will adhere H. W. Sindort, Biack-water, St. Johns cour- homes-.'eers are pt.urng into it.
to the wound as long as there is a par- ty, F. B. Genovar, St. Angustine; Sumiter Third. Lands.
teo the viuds in thers ysem county, R. Walpole, Sumpter- Suwanee .Ac.ec'urate description s of all lauds tf.ur sale,
V, tie ot the virus in the system, county, A. L. Woodward, Live Oak: Tay- with nxed prices, maps, views, inspection.
-More is being done now in thie way lor coiutz. "vacant '; Vioiusia couuty, reports, information as to titles..etc.. etc.,
of buildingthan ever before inthe h F. C. C.oodrich, DeLand; Waitou should be hiled by the owners with the set.-
tor buoDdueg t yan Tver before in the his- unt C. C. Banfill DeFuiiak: retar'y of each branch association, for m-
S story of Dade Lity. Tbe construction of Watulla county: T. F. .Swear'neen, Craw- formation to immigrants.
;--several stores, a handsome depot by the f'rdritle, Washington county; W. Miller, I These should be condensed in printed
--%"..- "4 & N.,and several new residences Point Washisgton. fo.rm and furnished the secretary .of the
.W..'^E'a grreallI improved the appearance At Large-J. J. Daniel. Jacksonville; State Executive Coimnittee. No efficient
-' *o= t'e town and added to it an air of John A. Macdonald. Eustis, and three va. work can be accomplished until this tsdone.
::' -" cancies ~Fourth. [dcmnst etes
. h- .tffit and enterprise that is most attrac- cancies .* I ffr Induceme tosettlers.
tiv%. One or two pi'ogassliv and enier- .Resigned and M. F. sauey elected m his own large bodies o f wid land ou cean afford
pricing men seem to have infused new place, to offerthem all at low prices. LI youownonly
-ti,. life into the town, and spirit of energy _REtcLc an. a moderate quantity ot choice, weU.selected,
.'--..- and ai determination-to make Dade City high-priced land, it will be toyour pecuniary
-= -.- all it should be is manifest in everything. Powers cd Dti.e -..'ie-. advantage to offer, say one-fourth of it, at a
th its unparalleled natural advan- SEoToN 1. The executive powers of the low priceand on easy termstoactnalsettlers.
*tafeand itrractire suBrroundings Dade association are vested in the Central Coin- TIhbs needs no argument.
i st. -k firs, f i itiens wimittee, subject .to the direction of the Es- Unite your best personal efforts with
S. '. Ci an tive Committee.: those of the oflicera of the Immigration As-
T .;,: nly respond to the call of duty and in-I- The powers and duties of the president, sociation in sprea-ding broadcast reliable
' -_ tee-t'.t-'Pasco County Democ'ra'. and secretary and treasurer shall -be such informpion- abut. Florida-mail printed
: -Y'- J .fi~- .. .. --t. =-


IT GROWER. SEPTEMBER 14, 1887.


matter to your acquaintances in other States.
Whenever you see a false and damaging
statement published 'about Florida, cor-
rect .it. Write to your friends and
to the newspapers in other States
as often as you can, describing
the advantages of Florida from yodr own
point of view. Induce your own State and
county newspapers to avoid publishing
arti lea that deface Florida or that tend to
hinder immigration. -
Induce your hotels and boarding-houses
to agree to-make special rates to immigrants
and home-seekers, not exceeding one dollar
per day, and to give them good accommo-
dations and food.
SDiscourage local and sectional jealousies,
praise your own section, but do not dispar-
age others; work together; let us be:united
in this work. Then, and only then, all parts
of this State will share' in the common
benefits. .
Lastly, when strangers settle near you,
help them along. Be neighborly, never
mind if their ways differ from yours. Show
by your daily intercourse that you
heartily welcome them and are determined
to make them thoroughly at home, and to
help them to succeed. Remember that one
disappointed settler in your county
who makes a failure and moves away in
disgust can do your community more
damage than ten successful contented set-
tlers can counterbalance.
Fifth. Bureau of Statistics. Each branch
association should collect complete statis-
tics, comprising; Number of acres under
cultivation; list of crops; acreage and yield
per acre; cost of clearing land, cost of culti-
vatidn; cost of shipping and commissions;
net profits; health and vital statistics1 wealth;
churches, schools and other institutions;
railways, steamer lines, hotels, etc., towns
and cities; stock, fisheries, manufactures,
etc. Meteorological statistics, embracing
temperature, rainfall, etc. Geological
statistics, describing the soils, and percent-
age of each class of land, etc.
To accomplish this, let each citizen, from
time to time, send to the secretary of his
branch association the facts and figures
coming under his own observation or re-
lating to his own lands, crops and neighbor-
hood. From these statements statistics can
be compiled and supplied to the secretary
of the State Association, which will be of
inestimable value in our work. Hitherto
nothing of the sort has been done in Flor-
ida. The Government will not compile the
statistics we need to prove to strangers our
great natural advantages. We mustfdo it,
and can do it easily and quickly in the
manner suggested.
Besides sending statistics, send alo. marp.,
ph,,togtaphs of ypour residences, groves,
aid o f any scenery that will tnter-st and at-
trac-t vi-ito:rs and immigrants. Let these be
displayed both in your bran.: a offices and
in the .:fflice of the State Co',mmittee.
PRINTED MATTER.
Prepare in your own to:,wn as much good
descriptive matter as will fully set torth
your res.nurces and attracti-i-na. DC not
stint yourself of thle matters that are both
true ind attractive, but do not exaggerate or
misrepresent facts. Send copies of all such
matter to the secretary of the State Commit-
tee. The Executive Committee of the State
Association will offer you its superior facili-
ties for the distribution of your printed
matter, reaching hundreds of thousands of
readers in other States.
Keep the types actively employed. Keep
your locality constantly advertised. Flor-
ida has been asleep, while California, want-
ing many of our advantages, is passing her
in the race.
Let us wake up and never go J,)o sleep
again.
.Sixth. Transportation. .
We feel assured that the railroad com-
panies are ready and desirous to co-operate.
They will give us low rates for immigrants
into and throughout the State, and w-ill pro-
ride special cars fur them if we will'do our
part in advertising our attractions aud find-
mig the immigrants.
Seventh. The press.
We ask the nmost earnest co-operation >:f
newspapers throughout Florida. Let them
publish this address and do all they can to
arouse the people and to keep this move-
ment constantly proaressin-. It is in their
power to do much towards uettUna Florida.
and if they will give iis their beet elp they
will reap their full reward.
Finally, lose no thnime. Organize, organ-
ize. Let us all go to work on the plan in-
dicated, and we can bring many settlers to
Florida before the next winter shall pass.
Address all cotimuuicuations to
W. T. Foams, Secretaiy.
Jaeksonvill,, Pla.
Signed by direction rf the Executive Com-
mittee of the Florida Immigration Associa-
tion. .e
J. J. DANIn., President.
W. T. FORBES, Secretary.
NOTE.
Three app,,iutments at large 1 remain to: be
uade by the Executive Committee.
The folluming cotinties, not having seut
delegates to: the c',:nventic,n, ate not as yet
represented in the Executive Committee. It
is hoped that they will rapidly effect their
organizations and each choso a member of
the Executive Committee: Dade. DeSoto.
Jeffersonj, Lafayette, Manatee, Monro-e and
Tay I or. .
SEPTEMBERi WEATHER.

The ruilowing table, compiled 'roum the records
il the Jack ouri-le Signa isauman by Corporal
T .T. Tovrsend, represent s rhe temperatures. con
diton of weathr. rritniaii nd dire,.tao oi IvadI
f,r the mnti oor orf Setenuber, as orjberved at the
Jackaonnvile station during ihb past 13 years-


rEitp wEAraHca.
i"3
veins. 3^, H '.
s a c- : 5.-

1a,7 'i2 7j 1 S C 1i 2 8
1873 b 70 7 t; 1- 12
167i ia 5t) 7; 7 i) I
l1i:.j :'-f 59i 7r n 1.:, 7
8.iSi C, t,} 7 7 I, i
1177 V7i .7 IIS i1 4
1 7 i76 li; 7" i 1
MTi' ''" 1I 76 1 13
is '*41 it.- ; 7 I, liI ,i
1P81 (91 60o 1 l. li' 3
il: ',4 .5 '-) I a 11t 4
iS6ih C.1 64 Ntli I s
tasi 8 il :' ti) 1i S
i 6A, 3 7b r, S1 1,
its': Htt rit 4; 3 Ii 7


Ia 47
4'0^

"0 73
lu 1.

:;[ 1.2
5 Si
F. ;1
7 ;".<
7 *;s
4 ".l:,i
4 *:'I


4-.*
ax;




NL
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
EV
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
E
NE
NE
NE
N-E


"We Know by Experience."


For three yeais we have used Brad-
leay's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test-
ing along within other high grado fertil-
izers, we pronounce it better than any
sold in Florida. We shall use it again
this year.
We do not hesitate to say to the vege-
table growers of Florida that they can-
not use anything so good as Bradley's
Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know
by experience what- we say. regarding
this fertilizer.
WOFFORD & WILDER.
Ft. Mason. Fla.


Groveswhere Williams. Clark & Co's
Orange Tree Fertilizer has been used are
looking finely.
VILLt.AMs, CLARK & CO.

Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of- experience and
taste, enjoying the best facilities for
shopping under advantageous condi-
tions, offers her services to ladies desir-
ing to secure any kind of' wearing ap-
parel, toilet articles or household goods,
at New York prices. Send. for circular.
Address '. Mas. S. S. Jones,
-* 179 GatesAve., Brooklyn, N. Y.

A Home in Florida.
Your attention is called to the offer of
a lot in Macedonia City, Lee county,
Florida, and a year's subscription to a
leading paper of the State, for $4. Mac-
edonia City is fifteen miles south of the
terminus of the Florida Southern Rail-
road at Trabue, and overlooks the far-
famed bay of Charlotte Harbor, the most
magnificent sheet of water in the South.
An unparalleled offer. Address, for
sample copy of paper and full particulars,
THE EQUATOR PUB. (Co..
Key West, Florida,

S Opinions of the Press.
[From the Southern Cultivator.]
"The Success of the FLORIDA FAR-
MER AND FRUIT-GROWER, of Jackson-
ville, surpasses that of any similar
publication in America. The publishers
seem to be over-liberal in giving the
mechanical part every attraction pousi-
ble, while Editor Curtiss is doing the
best work of his life. It is a combina-
tion that cannot fail of abundant success.
The Cultivator is never soirv to see such
enterprise, rewarded, as we have no
rivals to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
cess." .
[From the Gardeners' Monthly]
a'We are c>rt-intiially i'eceiving new
agricultural ventures, but useful as they
are in their own special fields, we rarely
find in thnei anything of special interest
to the intelligent cla.--s ot hoiticultuiilti
for which the Gui i:A.:rs" of0h11 hts to
cater. We were. therefore, agreeably
surprised on reading among the batch
cf exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this,
to fiud it of a very high order of intelli-
gence, and one which must have an ex-
cellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
ests." '
[- Fromthe Times-Demoorat.]
"Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER, evidently struck the
popular fancy when he established that
journal. Its success is phenomenal, and
although only a few months old, has al-
ready taken the lead in all matters per-
taining to Southern horticulture.
(Prom the Florid "i B',pti.t Witness.)
The FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER
comes to ou r=table regularly and prompt-:
ly, and is full of interesting and instruc-
tive matter..I! certainly excelsany paper
we have seen. for Florida especially.
Send to Jacksonville for it. Addresse as
above, and read it awhile and be con-
vinced. '
(From the Gainesville Morning Record.i
"We are in receipt of the FFORIDA
FARMER'AND FRUT1T-GROWER. published
by C. H. Jones & Bro., at the Times-
LTUnion office, and edited by Prof. A. H.
Curtiss. It is first-class in every respect
and is a paper which every farmer and
fruit grower should have. Its articles
are full of plain,, good, common sense.
We hoped to give outi'readers the benefit
of manhy of its articles. Success to the
enterprise." -
(From the Soiitheri Lec itock Juiarnal I ',
"We regret that the first number [of
the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER] failed
to reach us, but the sec(,nd shows a Vet'ry
handsome sheet as to paper, typography
anil general make up, while theeditoilal
department is all we expected of the dis-
tirnguiislde editor. Many otf our readers
are interested directli-and seconda-
lily in evetytling connected .with Flor-
ida, and we 'cordially commend this
new and excellent periodical as worthy
of their patronage. With'best wishes
for its success, we welcoiue tbis new-as-
pirant for public t'avor and patronage,
feeling assured of the good work it will
accomplish 1i aud out of Florida." .


bIf~rhct ^eparfz.


JACKSONVILLE MARKETS.

-V Wholesale.
JACKsoNVILLE, September 1It. S1387.
Provisions.
%IEATis-D. S. short ribs, boxed, 91 40: D. S.
ong clear sides i Si';, D. A. bellies0,1 t'36,'
smoaed short rlb3, jtuZ;smoked belles, 10 23;
S. C. hams, canvassed fancy, 14e; S. C. shoul-
ders,canvassed, 8c; California or picnic bhaus,
,Oo. Lard-refdned tierces, 1/'c. Miss beef-
narreli, lli(k); hal" barrels, $A5; mess pork,
117 iW. These quotations are for round lota
from first bands.
B-rIER--Market firm and advancing. Best
table, Z.'UYc per pound; cooking, 15-2)c per
pound.
Grain, Flour, Hay, Feed, Hides, Etc.
GRAIN-Corn-Tne market firm with an
upward tendency. Reports o1f a htrge short-
age In present crop are conS rmed, and corn
will not likely brig any lower prices the
coming season hban the present quotations.
The foilowtn' fgures represent to-day's values:
We quote white corn Job lots, 70c per bushel;
car load'lot, sWe per bushel; mixed corn, Job
lots, tic per bushel: car load lotsl, 6tc per
bushel,. Oats higher, In sympathy with corn,
at the f'oUowilnnfigures: Mixed, In Job lots,
40co; car load lots, .7.cq; white oats are 3c high-
er all around. Bran flrmer,619C42-1 per ton.
HAT-The market. Is hblgbherand very scarce.
Western choice1 small bales,821 0062600 per
ton; car load los, 80250 per ton; Eastern hay,
$1950 per ton.
P'AiL GRITS A.NDMEAL-GOritd, advancing,
3 ,j barrel.
FLOut-Beat patents, .5 50; tood family,
t 40,,4 75' comnimon, I 2..
PiAa--J Xed t1 25, whips t1 85, clays 1 80.
OROUwND Fz-D-Per tou, $24 00.
CoFFrE-Green Rio, 21@24c perpound; Java,-
roasted, 82@35c; Mocha, roasted, 85c; Rio,
roasted. 25@35c; ground Rio coffee S18@23c per
pound. .
COVION SEED MEA--Demand ligt. yea
Island or dark meal, 819 00@2Qa00-per ton;
brightly or short cotton meal-,'t of market,
oil mills shut down and old stock cleaned up.


POWDER

Absolutely Pure.
This pai. r ne'er varies. Aroarvel ot
purity, aiin d wzo at,-c.LaennEs. More
economli'vi ilian i-h ordinary kinds3, and
cAnnot tic' 0noold in ,'imp-tition with ihe
akuiticudc n ow- e-t, snort weight alum or
ph -.phatet p' -r. "r'. cr 1, canis,
RoY-L BAxtIN. Pi' wa (ij il> Wa-ll t:t..
N,!r ViY.lk


!co STEMS-Markiei qi.uet but Orm at .
pi :ir ion. h
-Etis.irn, i.ibarr,! lots 1 Xi., i'fQ bar-
-'1i, 1-Cth- than iilt A. Alabama Lime
eiimient-A,.eri.:in S22'"'j: Enghlish S'3 25
el.
-rni u:uo'ati':'ns vary, according to
y ir.',m .ei centsper pound. .'.
-Lverp,:i. per sacli, 100; per car
otn LS.
--Dr- ill nt, cow, per nou nd., first clas,
,_;: and er:.untry dry I i6t[-d-i '.'I')10Cs; c -;
Sary v-ait, iAcenrts. Clauie-Deer d int, .-'
-ail-d 1.3 cents. Far--Outter wipntic,
,;,i 01;): raeeoon 1'".,15 cents; -lUlcat
-ute: ]'ox lt"i,'15 ,.cr'. Beeswax per
i i:' ,t.-; W-.)i, I're iro m burs, i, .3 .
urry, Q15 cents; goat skins 10 cents

Country Produce. : "
v-Fine Creamery 14 cents per poL'und.
PoUoLiRm-Limited supply and good
ai aii,:.h'.S: HFus 9, cenit; mixed.3
alt 'rown -i ,:c.il. They area scarce
Tr'e -d^lt hejE'! 7d
-rutal -'o-ntyr,25.cent perdoze r-, w'i
iland and liinted Euppy..
PoiCAIOES--Norihern potatoes t2 7.6
barrel. .
ts-western per barrel 3 50, New York
barrel. .
"orlK i' 0bbag ,; l:t 12,t : per head. :
B'.is-New York t-2';5 per barrel.
rr Esl-New Yo:rk, per crate, 1 ':").,
rp--Ruta Baca variety ?S,ii) oer bar- ,

reign and domestic Fruits.
dvaa.:- in all canned goods, cover-
pr d,:zen, m:-i not,-cabli LD peaches,
.d apples, caused by short crop-corn
iatoes: cali:', in caund &idn, principally
nu, owing Lto short .atch I-his year,
being fighter than any season ior four
tEs-Freneh. t2e. .
.PPLE-S.-I 761,12 1) per dozen.
INs-MEsssLnas, &.3 56i_4 75 per box.
-I, l, t-si 1.r d. 1.3 .
z-Persi-n-Boxes Pc; Freos,7c.
-Alm.6nds r c: braylls t'?; Fliberts :
c: English" walnuts, Grenobles, J8c;
It'': Pecans i4c; PeanutL 6%c; Cocoa-
Wi per hundred. -
eNs-London layers, 225 per box.
i R l NE-tCreamuery J5c; Extra Dairy 17c;
aE-Hal skim tic; cream l56TS17c per
is-New York, $2 5,.,3 '25 per barrel.
Pears 8&75 per harrel; Bartlett Pears
r barrel. $00 W per balf' barrel.
rre Grape.-, i5c per pound. .
ca Barnnans 2 5u143 'I per bunch. .
Retail.
Allowing quotations are carettily re-
r VW'ednesday's and Saturiday's paper
stations furnjshed by dealers in the
arhkt:
"urk C'abhage whic.le-ale at -$2 .X0301)
'il and rretaii at IF1,20r ents
SPotat.oes wholesale at W't,75c per
and retail at 'our quarts for 15 cents.
ire in tair demand. Duval county eggs
lted at wholesale l1,yi) cents per .
n.d retiil at 25...-., centi..
n marrowfat squashes wholesale at
Barrel, and retail at 4.'5 cents per
Voik Ih ish r,:,tat-,es wBoleiale at $300"
e-l,and retail at i" cents perquart, or .:
ris for 15 cent'. .
poutryv-chickens wholesale at '20(6') .
eLh retail at .i5,iJcents each. Dressed
Super pouud-chiclien, retail, 15ceant ".:
era meats retail as fellowsE: Chicago
25 cents per pound; Florida beef 6ltg gi
'r pound: real V:5i, cenis; pork 1J216
button 10.,q2) cents: venison 25 cents;
15 cents; corned beef 10 cents. -
rmelons wholesale at 818i520 per bun-
id retail for'25C,0 cents; Ice watermel- '
ato cent s. .'
wbolisale at 2&5gW cents per peck, and
at 10) cent, or two quarts for 18 cents.
Plans wholesale at 20@,25 cents per
and retail at 5C410 cents each.
hern ruLta baga turinlps8225'per barrel
arts for 25 cents.
ern carrots wholesale at 8 00 perrtel;
i, 60 cents per peck.
pernong grapes wholesale at 6200 per %
retail at lO cents per quart.
--Kalamazoo, Or) cents per dozen, two
or 15 cen ts. -,

EAF TOBACCO MARKETS.

YORK, Sept. 10.-There is noabate-
oif interest in the tobacco market.
.restill tending upward, -and tbe de-
s very strong.
MOND, Septembert I.-Leaf tobacco Is
tecetpis are good, but sellers and buy-
a to be holding alooi owing to the
ed marketin New York.
[SVILLE,.eptember l.-The markets
ad prices tookiig upward. Auction
ltaf ranged from about 625'per bun
own to 86.

FANNAHI COTTON MARKET.

LNNAH.September 12.-The Upland
market opened firm, and closed at
awing quotations:
ag fair 97-16 :'"
uIddllng ......... .................... 9.3-16 .
Id J.g. 11-16
ordinary ............................ Nominal.'
net receipts were 4595 bales; gross '
I 4595 bales; sales 8200 bales; stock
port 2&,928 bales.: Exports coastwiss- -
les .. .--k -
s5A.ILAND CooNTT t. ... ; -..
market, Is qalet and'nominal at-un- ,
d qubtatlons, LIttle-stock for sale and ...
y any arriving. .-.. .
onm Flortdasa -- 15 .. .
rn "-, '. -t1 -i :., -
ledlniu 17 '- -.
n finea '- .. .-., -
FIne s..
2 .
N- v
7 "-.'" ': '" -- "'.
= .,. -- ,. t .


, ... ;,- t. -' ~ -. .-- - ~ .- .t -
'a' -:. : ... ,- .- _:


.$.-



6