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VOL. 1---NO. 35. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1887. PRICE $2 A YEAR.
Farm, Garden, Grove and Nurs-
ery Work for the Month.
[The Saxons called September Gerst Monat
or'barley month, because they then harvested
this crop, one of unusual importance to them, on
account of their favorite beverage-the "brown
October" ale-which they brewed from it.
When the year began in March this was the sev-
enth month, and -as properly termed Septem-
ber; but, by the commencement of the year two
months earlier, the name is now inappropriate,
as isolikewise the case with its three followers,
October, November-aud December. When Ju-
lius Gesar reformed the calendar, he gave this
month a 81st day, which Augustus subsequently
took from it, and so it has since remained.]
Our Florida seasons and productions
differ so much from those of Europe
and the North that we can seldom find
apposite texts or mottoes for our monthly
chapters either in the rural bards of the
"mother isle" or of this country; but a
few lines from "quaint and sweet" old
Spenser must do for the nonce and serve
to characterize and introduce this mild
and mellow month of the harvest moon:
September marched eke on foot,
Yet was he hoary, laden with the spoil
Of harvest riches, which he made his boot,
And wm eDricbed with bunny, oM ibe soil;
in tl e ura ,a nd 1 est .fr nar-. ,i' ro1d,
He beii a knife-.boo ; an-i in ie ,:.t ihr ra'nd
A pair of we.ghb, wisth wrn, 6 ..1*j a-,i
B.-h i..Ir' Seod W665, bure IL 4n d.,u bL Ali.J Wi 'i.
And equalgave to each as jusuce duly scanned.
In Florida, and in the Gulf States gen
rally, our fall work of all kinds now
fairly begins. If any of the plantings
and sowings of last month failed from
intense heat or other causes, they should
now be repeated without delay.
ON THE FiARiM
Where there is already a good stand of
Turnips, Cabbage, Peas, etc., frequent
stirring of the soil and careful hoeing or
pulling out of all grass and weeds, will
be necessary to insure a rapid and
h -. ,healtiLy growth. AIL intelligent farmonis
- -know the necessity of keeping the soil
around young plants loose and mellow&,
to prevent the too rapid evaporation of
-; moisture, as well as to secure the ,aera-
tion of the surface soil, and the absorp-
tion of fertilizing gases, which might
otherwise escape .
S Sweet Potatoes,-if planted late, may
Seed one mor light plowing and haul-
ing up of the earth, during the early
part of this month, though in most
cases it -will ohly be necessary to lift or
break loose the vines that are disposed
to take root in the middles, and to pull
out any large clumps of grass or weeds'
that find lodgment on the ridges. Sweet
Potatoes, of present year's growth, have
been in market for some weeks, but
the main crop is not yet near maturity,
and little is gained by premature dig-
* : going.
rish Potatoes, for an early winter
crop. may be planted during this month,
using plenty of .vegetable mold and anhes
as a manure, and mulching heavily be-
tween the rows with pine straw, dead
leaves, or any other porous trash which
can be easily and abundantly drained.
Turnips, of the rough-leafed varieties.
such as Red Top, Purple Top. etc., may
be sown at interval during the month,
in damp, cloudy or showery weather;
and. if your earlier sowing of Ruta-baga
or Yellow Aberdeen was not, successful
you can still replant, and make a good
Rust-proof Oats and Southern Winter
Rye may be sown, from the middle to
thelast'of the month. The land must
be made rich, "deep and fine-using
plenty of seed-say five or s;x pecks per
Fodder for winter use in full abund-
ance. must now be made and safely
stacked away. Crab grass, Guinea grass,
Teosinte. Pea vines, Pearl Millet, Fodder
corn, Kaffir corn, Millo maize-every-
thing hat candbe converted into good
and nutritious forage, should be cut,
cured and stacked safely under cover
during the next two months; for, whether
the coming winter prove mild or severe,
there is little danger that our stock rais-
ers will have too much food for their
flocks and herds. In saving pea vines
for hay, make,tall pens with floors or
platforms of rail'i three feet apart. Do
not give your vines too much sun; not
shaking out loose, but turning in masses.
House the day-they are cut, not packing
too closely on the rail floors. Cover the
whole, to keep dry, and you will have
good, sound pea vine hay, which will
hold its leaves.
this month-provided the weather is fa-
vorable. Should it prove hot and dry,
lfwever, defer planting until later. A
thorough preparation of the ground for
this crop is all important. Do this at
once, have your plants at hand and plant
whenever you can be sure of one or two
days of showery weather. Good and
easily obtained fertilizers for strawber-
ries are leaf mold, ashes and bone dust.
The varieties best suited to Florida are
the Newnan, Noisette (or "Charleston
Seedling"), Federal Point, Captain Jack
and Charles Downing-selected in the
order mentioned above. The "Hoffman
Seedling" seems also well worthy of far-
ther trial. It may be obtained from Oli-
ver Moore, 16 Blake street, Charleston,
Leaf mold and wood scrapings should
now be hauled at convenient opportuni-
ties and composted with ashes or lime
and bone dust, for the grove or fruit gar-
den; or with stable manure for the veg-
etable garden or truck patch.
IN THE ORANGE GROVE.
Little work should be needed this
month. Keep-down all grass and weeds,
by running lightly over the surface with
an Acme Harrow or similarly working
implement. A scratching of the surface
is sufficient. It is not well to continue
cultivation too late, as we do not want
sappy, watery or unripe shoots for the
frost to work on. This remark also ap-
plies to the Nursery. Buds, to remain
dormant until next spring may still be
put in and plants which strike easily
may still be layered. Tie up strong
growing buds, to prevent lopping and
straggling. Cut off half the growth of
your Refiontant roses, and new shoots
will spring out and bloom freely until
stopped by severe frost. Give these
trimmed Rosesa top dressing of manure.
Collect and save all sorts of valuable
seeds, and during the latter part of the
month set:out bulbs of early spring flow-
ering, plants, such as Crocus, Jonquil,
Snow Drop, Narcissus, Hyacinth, etc.
The Japan Chestnut in Florida.
We would like to 'know if the Japan
Chestnut has borne fruit yet in-Florida.
Mr. Berckmans, of Georgia, had three-
year-old ,trees inbearing last fall. He
says of this tree: -"There are many sub-
varieties cultivated in Japan. and, like
the persimmon, their nomenclature is
bady confused. Seedlings vary in size and
shape as well as habit of growth and pro-
ductiveness, and are therefore more un-
reliable as to products than the grafted
trees. Fruit very large. burrscoutaining
at times as many as five large nuts;
quality similar to the native variety. In
habit the trees are rather dwarf. This
is unquestionably a great acquisition for
this section. f the United States where
the native species flourish."
'The native American chestnut--which
is considered a variety of the European
chestnut-occuis in Florida only in
The dwarf chestnut, or chinquepin, is
abundant in most parts of northern
Florida, extending southward, we think.
to Putnam and Marion counties and
perhaps to Suibter. It sometimes at-
tains-at least in cultivated felds-a di-
ameter of one foot. As the Japan chest-
nut is naturally dwarf, it would seem
that the,chinquepin- affords as good a
graftingstockas could bedesired. Seed-
lings of the Spanish chestnut have. been
recommended as the best stocks. The
nuts produced by grafted trees are said
to be more numerous in the burr and of
more uniform size than those borne by
seedlings. The following communication
we find in a late number of the Florida
THE GARDEN. Tobacco Plant:
If not sown last month, now is a good KnoWing that variety is the spice of a
time to put in good crop of Onions, and newspaper as well as life, will give your
all gardeners know that this crop re- readers a chapter of my short experience
quires .the richest soil, the finest tilth with the Japan chestnut. One year ago
and the cleandst'culture. Cabbage, Cau- last spring I bought two trees, which
liflower, Lettuce, Beets, Turnips, Car- cost 60 cents each. They came by mail,
rots, Radishes, Peas --all fall and winter and were nine inches long,- measuring
vegetaIles-- m~y beplan ted during this top and roots. I got five grafts from
month and next, but the sooner a good them, which I put in native roots. I
stands obtained the better, have just measured the best. graft, it is
As your young plants grow, and begin now, July 18th, seven feet six inches
to crowd in the drills thin out carefully, high,. and four and three-fourths inches
giving each its proper space and dis- in circumference at the ground, with a
tance rid 'trarisplanting the surplus to fair top. and seems in perfect health.
othergrouudu. The best.of the two original trees is
Strawberries may be set out during three and a half feet high and three
inches around at the ground, showing
conclusively that they do much better
on our native chinquepin than on im-
ported roots. I have now from the
small trees got a little more' than a year
ago, three hundred trees growing on all
native stocks. Some of the best of this
last spring grafts are better than the
original trees set a year ago last spring.
I would like to know what success
any of your Florida subscribers have
had with the English walnut. I set a
few two years ago, and quite a number
one year last spring. They are not doing
well at all, and some have died entirely.
I intend to get the nuts and give them a
fair trial this fall; I think they should
be planted where they are to grow.
Could you tell me if they are near
enough kin to do grafted on our common
black walnut or hickory.
GREEN COVE SPRINGS.
FROM THE RECORD.
Florida's Victory Over Califor-
nia at New Orleans.
About six weeks ago we addressed a
letter to General W. H. Sebring, Florida's
Commissioner at the New Orleans Expo-
sition, asking for a statement of facts
bearing on the issue between Fjorida
and California as to the results of their
competitive exhibit of citrus fruits. We
asked the favor in behalf of a certain
writer for the Northern press, but have
concluded to give the readers of the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER the benefit
of the letter, although it was not written
with a view to its publication :
JACKSONVILLE, Fla., July 2, 1887.
MY DEAR FRIEND-I have just reached
home from a two-weeks' trip and find-
your favor, which I hasten to answer.
California claims that the offer of $250
and gold .medal, the sweepstakes prem-
ium, was not offered until after Florida
was defeated in the other contests, which
is false. Ond the 29th day of October,
1884, the board of management made
public this premium, namely, a sweep-
stakes premium of $250 and gold medal
for best display of citrus fruits from any
country, State, society or individual.
In this Florida scored 5,400 points and
California scored 3,320 points, Florida
leading by 2,079 points; quite enough I
Now as to the others. Major C. B.
Magruder, of Florida, entered 30 tarie-
ties and scored 1,592 points. Riverside,
California, entered 51 varieties and only
scored 2,479 : or on 51 varieties 8i7 more
points than Magruder on 30. Take the
same number of varieties and Magruder
nearly doubled Riverside.
Again, Florida placed her fruits in po-
sition by the 20th of February, and by.
the 2d of March it was passed upon.
Giving California from the 20th of Feb-
ruary to the 28th of March to get her
fruit in place-all the time claimingtheir
fruit was not ripe until April or May-.
on the 4th day of 'April, at 2 p. in., the
fact was made known that Florida won
the great sweepstakes premium of $250
and gold medal, and that Florida got :32
premiums on best varieties-doubling
California as to varieties-two -t2 gold
medals and eleven illi silver medals.
Had Riverside been held to 30 varie-
ties, instead of 51, they would never
have gotten the gold medal and $100,"
they are now harping upon. The chief
of the Horticultural Department did
Florida a great wrong iu allowing 51
varieties as against 30. and he felt it
when it was too late. We never failed
to scoop California in anything like a
fair contest. They falsify the record
when they claim the sweepstakes prem-
Hoping this statement will be of serv-
ice to you, I am
Yours very truly.
W. H. SeaRINO,
Notes on Grapes.
Editor Florida Farmer and Jrn.t-Growuer: .
In reply to Mr. James H. Ray's inqui-
ries, which you refer to me, I will offer
the following advice: *'
LEAF ROLLERS.-Assoon as the moths
appear, early in the spring, go at night
through the vineyard with a lighted
torch and shake the vines to start the
insects out, when they will naturally fly
into the flame of the torch. Probably
some will escape that treatment, and-the
next thing to do is, when the chrysalides
form, to crush them between the folds of
the leaves, as'they breed until winter.
If they have not all been previously de-
stroyed, it would be wise to rake up and
burn., late in the fall, all the fallen
MANItRE.-We use in our vineyards
well rotted stable manure and ashes.
The ashes are scattered broadcast and the
manure is buried in deep furrows run
parallel with and at some distance from
the rows of vines. As our supply of
stable manure is not sufficient, we have
to resort to chemical fertilizers, and. use
Mapes' orange .tree manure for our young
vines not yet in leaving, and Mapes'
fruit and vine manure for our bearing
CUTTINGs.-I cannot say whether cut-
tings are more profitable" than crafts
into wild vines,, as I do not fully under-
stand the question.
TALLAHASSEE, Fla., August 16, 1887.
THE ORANGE SCAB.
A New Disease Affecting the
Sour Orange and Lemon.
The following- letter from Mr. Alfred
Bailey, together with the accompanying
specimens, was referred to the Commis-
sioner of Agriculture, who favors us with
SAN MATEO, Fla., August 9, 1887.
Editor Florida Farmer and -wuit-Grower.:
I send you a leaf of sour orange, which
you see is diseased. I presume you have
observed this before now, but I ha ve seen
no mention of it in any of the papers. I
am somewhat apprehensive that there is
serious trouble ahead.
Last summer was the first of its ap-
pearance so far as I can learn, and it
seemed to strike all the sour nursery
,stock, as well as large sour trees at about
the same time, and this summer it is just
the same. The sour oranges act the
same as this leaf, and I notice that a few
lemons have it also. If it strikes the
sweet trees and fruit, the orange indus-
try in this: State would come to a speedy
It takes .the new growth on the sour
trees as soon as the leaves get pretty
nearly full grown, as also the limbs, and
checks the growth, and eats off the new
growth. I have examined it under the
microscope and can not determine
whether it is a fungoid growth or is due
to insects. .
As yet I have not seen any of the
sweet trees affected. T have two or three
trees that are part sour and -part sweet.
On these'the'sour limbs and leaves are
all diseased, while the sweet are not
affected. As most'of my trees are bud-
ded on sour stocks, it makes me appre-
hensive that if it should be caused by the
sour sap it might ruin my grove.
F wonder if one ought not at once to
cutdown and burn all sour diseased trees.
But in that case it would cause a great
loss to nurserymen, as many nurseries
have a large proportion of soul stock. I
would like to know more about, this mat-
ter, and what is generally thought of it,
and if it is entirely new in this State.
I also enclose a piece of lemon peel.
showing the disease. You see it ruins
all lesions for market that it attacks.
U. S.DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.)
WASINOTON, D. C., August 16, 187.
Edto, Ftreda Form icrod Pru- O1 .' tr:
DEAR Smi-Your favor of August 12th
with the diseased orange leaves, is at
hand. 'The Department has received
similar diseased leaves from various see-
tions of your State during the past year.
This obscure disease of the orange has
been thr.ouehlv studied in the labora-
tory, but, as yet, little light has been
thrown'on the subject. It will, doubt-
less, be necessary to study this disease in
the field in order to discover a successful
means of combating it. In a paper read
before the American Association for the
Advancement of Science in August, 1886,
'Prof. Scribner describes the disease in
the following language:
"There first appears upon either the up-
per or lower surface of the leaves ,more
particularly upon the latter and upon the
young shoots, small light colored, wart-
like excrescences. These excrescences
increai'se.i number and size, the approx-
imate or often running together until
the whole;urface is covered, destroying,
of course, the vitality of the leaf. When
young leaves are attacked they become
more or less distorted and their full de-
velopment is prevented. The top of the
oldest warts, if ono may so term them,
are dark brown, nearly black, due to the
presence of a dense fungus growth,
which exhibits, under the microscope, a
multitude of irregularly developed coit-
diophores, bearing oblong, oval, one-
celled co6nidia. (The conidwa are the re-
productive" bodies of the fungus, and
conidiophords is the name of the stalks
that support them.)
"'Such low.fornis are difficult to deter-
mine or classify, and it is just such
forms which are,often the most injuri-
ous Furtherinvestigations will, doubt-
less, reveal 4is. true character. From
what is now known it. seems beat to place
it in the ginus clddiosporhim."
* The disease, under consideration has
received tpaniei of the "orange leaf
scab," an from information received
from various Ibcalities, the following
conclusionirmay be drawn :
1. That so far as observed, the leaves
and frdit of the sour orange and the
leaves and fruit of the lemon alone are
2. The nature of the soil has no influ-
ence on tho disease.
S'3. Trees affected the previous season
are the firsr attacked in the spring.
Our present limited knowledge.of the-
disease will not warrant us in recom-
mending remedies. As stated above.
experiments must be made in the field
before any defiuite conclusions concern-
ing the effect of topical applications can
be arrived at. It might be well, how-
ever, to experiment with some of the
solutions having fungicidal properties.
In this way a remedy for the disease might
be discovered.. The following solutions
are recommended for trial:
S1. Eau Celeste-Dissolve one pound of
sulphate of copper in 3 or 4 gallons of
warm water; when the liquid is cooled
add l pints of commercial ammonia;
dilute to 22 gallons.
2. Dissolve 2 o:un(ce-of penta siilphu-
ret of potassium in 1 gallon of water.
.8. To 10 gallons of soap suds add- -
pint of ammonia, 1:pound of glycerine
and 1 pint of carbolic acid. .
Apply the solutions in a fine spray by
means of a.force-pump, care being taken
to thoroughly wet the leaves.
NoMANT J. COLMAN,
New Varieties of Pears.
Editor Florida Farmer and lFruit-Grower:
A few days since, on my return from
a trip through Georgia gathering points
on horticulture, I took in the Dixie Nur-
series at Thomasville, Ga. On Mr. San-
New Plums from Japan.
New Plums from Japan.
Scarcely have we ceased to wonder at
the remarkable qualities of the .Kelsey
plum when the news reaches us that a
still better gift from the antipodes is on
its way to Florida. stopping by the way
in California. This we learn from the
Pacific Rural Press, a recent number of
which contains the following letter,
with the sui.joiued remarks by the edi-
EDITOR PRESS:-By- this mail I send
you a box containing samples of the
Blood plum of Satsuma, the first tree of
which was obtained at a great expense a
year ago last winter. This fruit being
the first of the kind ever grown in Amer-
ica. you will no doubt be intere-ted in
examining it. I will add that it is near-
lv six weeksearlier than the Keleyv. irm
fleshed as you will see, much larger. of
bett-r quality, ,col,.r and f.-rm. it is an
early and enormous bearer, and the trees
grow with more vigor than any of the
other 43varieties of.Tapan plums which I
have fruited here. The si-ed is al':, the
smallest yet seen. .
The two smaller plums grow on a tree-
imported at the same time from the
same place. This also seems to be very
promising, being so laige, firm and
sweet. A well-known Sacramento nur-
seryman of long experience pronounces
them the two best flavored and most
promising Japan plums ever introduced.
The plums I. send have been picked a
week.- LUTHER B RBANE.
SANTA ROSA, Cal.
These fruits are exceedingly interest-
ing. The first mentioned is the larger.
The specifnens sent are almost globular,
being 6Q inches around horizontally and
64 inches around vertically-thusa shade
broader than deep. The color is dark
red. almost solid color except a slightly
lighter shade in the suture. TLe bloom
is thin and of a lilac shade,- The flesh is
dark red-,solid color from skin t.o pit.
firm .rather juiry and of good flavor.
Pit very small: by A inch.
The smaller plum mentioned by Mr.
Burbank is also almost globular, being
5t inches around horizontally and .5
inches around vertically, rich cherry
red, slightly mottled with yellow and
freely dotted with same tint; flesh deep
fellow, juicy, very sweet. and of fine
somewhat peculiar, but very agreeable
flavor. The pit is also very small; j by
a shade over j inch.
It seems to us these plums are reiy
desirable. The smallness of the pit of
the true Japanese varieties is striking.
A plum '24 incites in diameter with a pit
but half an inch. is a point of notice and
value. We should advise Mr. Burbank
to multiply his stock of these varieties.
Drying Fruit by Cold-air Blast.
Hayward's Journal.of California.says:
& --.r-rl&'. Q .-trA- -: In H. Smvth's shop, at San Lorenzo, di-
rectly back of the blacksmith depart-
ford's place are some old LeCon-t trees ment, is a room that Henry Dopman has
doing remarkably well; but what inter- been utilizing for drying fruit on the
ested me more than all else I saw there, cold-air blast principle. The cold blast
were his trees of Keifer, Micado,- aud comes from the blower that supplies the
Smith's Hybrid pears. All were grafted "wind" for the blacksmith department,
toLeConteroots, and are bearing at about a connection being made with the pipe.
half the age at which a Leconte will In this shed is an iron frame formerly
bear. used.for heating mold-bands. The cold
I did not see the fruit of Smith's Hy- air is conducted into this apparatus, and
brid, which Mr. Sanford said they had can be easily regulated. Inside of this;
fruited. The fruit is said to be much frame Henry places the fruit, on the
better in quality than LeConte, and the bottom being a bort of a screen. The
tree in its physical make up seems so action of the cold air on the fruit is soon
near akin to LeConte, I cannot see why noticed, and on inspecting it in the
it should not succeed where the LeConte course of four or five hours one is aston-
will. ished, as the fruit is dried. Henry has
The Keifers were in full fruit, at4years samples of prunes, apricots and apples
old-little trees, 3 or 4 inches in diame- dried by this process nine years ago,and
ter, their limbs breaking with those still in good condition. This process
great bi fruits. was: originated in Delaware and has&
The Micado is quite new, from Japan, proven a success in every particular.
I think. There were dozens of trees 3 Henry informs us-that hot air is as good
and 4 years old fall of those great fruits, in drying as cold air.
some of which weigh a pound and a half
each. The fruit is coarse, never good to
eat raw. I brought a basket of them PomegranateS.,
home with me to use for cooking, and I Having referred the inquiries ofA. E.
must say I was much disappointed in its M., concerning pomegranates, to the
fine quality when cooked. From its proprietor of the Arcadia Nurseries, we
coarse texture I was suspicious of its find that he, like everyone else seeming-
quality, but to my, taste it makes very ly, has no very exact knowledge of the
fne pear sauce. : nomenclature of this fruit. "The three
I am not often found jumping at con- varieties cultivated here," says he "are
clustons from a single test, but I find the sweet, sub-acid or bitter-sweet, and
these trees doing so remarkably well sour. I propagate very successfully
along with LeContes, and as 1 before from cuttings; have never tried any
said, they seem to belong to the same other planasthissucceeds.sowell. Buds
strain of pears, and I shall plant a few taken from young trees of all kinds bear
as a test the coming winter, with the when they are old enough and I don't.
expectation of seeing them succeed. If think the pomegranate would furnish an
they do they will be sought after for exception to this rule."
their early bearing quality. I am speak- J. H. GIRARDEAU.
ing of alt of these three varieties first MONdTICLLO, Fla.
The LeConte is often condemned in
the south part of the State for its late- Importations from Japan.
ness in bearing, but trees in several sec- Mrs. H. H. Berger of H. H. Berger &
tions of this county (Orange) that have Co., importers of Japanese seeds, plants
been planted 7 or 8 years, have this sea- and trees, has returned from Japan after
son borne quite good crops having formed most important connec-
JAMES MOTT. tions to secure a first-class stock of Jap-
ORLANDO, Fla., Aug. 18, 1.87. anese material for this fall's planting.
Mrs. Berger brings, among other inter-
On LeContepear trees, in the Tallahas- testing things, a collection of bamboo
seecountry,may beseen half grown fruit, specimens, from the Giant, seven inc4i
ripe pears and blbssoms. in diameter, to the smaller varieties.
J. Miv. iMoss.
274 .FLORIDA I
d( - -9 -- = I tails as fall more within the province of
0 rhr,,aa fi n a manager of such a factory. than the
manufacturer of the machinery for the
CAN N same, we should advise you to send one
CANNING FACTORIES. or two practical men East, and if you r,
___ wish. in our section of the country.,
The Capital Needed and Requ-.. which we believe to be the best in the
The Captal Neee an equ- world for canned g6ods, having not, less
sites to Success. than "20 factories within 300 miles of the it
The Southern Lire Stock Journal, in city of Buffalo, either one of which is
order to post its readers in regard to the run with a capital h of not less than $50,-
canning business,; addressed inquiries to 000 and some as high-as $100,000, and.t1
various well informed' parties last spring, these padres to-make all the necessary
and in its last issue their responses are enquiries and then report to -.you. e
ptesen ed in the following form could d give these parties letters of intro- a
We take the following from a letter auction to every factory they wish tou
h' ^ ^ od seen whr eaes
written us May 31st, by the Warfiel ee, where we ae sure they would ba
Manufacturing Company, Baltimore: perfectlyiwelcome, and couldnget all the
Would sa' that to start, a cann inf Ormation they would seek and ask c
factory on a moderate .scale would cost for, so as to enable you to decide e
i-om -"4i to ,00o$.06 and to secure a good whether'you are in a position to run a,, s
pro.-,r would be an expense of .. canningg factory with a show of success.,
to $15'.' per month. e We have ffted out the necessary mag-
fh er ntnaI~h a "~de~ oe nave. nteuo .
Tomaoes. range from .20 to 25 cents chinery, not only for making all the d
nrT tomatosrange kettle wth ao caat of from.5000. .
per bushel; corn. from $10 to $12 per cans, but also for the putting up of the
ton aches fom 7,5 cn is t $1.2 o per goods of nearly 100 factories; but in
bushel." spite of all this we are not in ,a:- oton
bushel. ... ha
Atc. Lou--Lotiirm,--frma~-mynufacturing evap:. to give you-information regarding the
orators, for dryingfruts and vegetables, internal management of such a concern
orlos :o.uyn;ur ntvge. .
Writes nder date May 6th profits, etc., because thins is outside oif
t"Replyihg to, yours of 2d, we enclose our sphere. We have had quite a num-
you circulars-of- .fruit. ^ evaporators, with ber of processors who are capable of 0
testimonials. starting a new concern, superintending I
Green corn, sweet potatoes. peas, ete., their building, who.:are also practical
can be evaporated, as well as berries of can makers and can make the necessary
a11 kinds. We do not.know of any ma- cans, and who thoroughly understand
chine for taking green corn from te ar the modus o perandi of canning goods
An old )ack plane, set very coarqe but we have no one at this present mo-I
Makes a good thin. Put a piece of ment who we could recommend to you.,
wood, the- thickness of the grains of because all our available processors have
corn, behind the bit, and you can cut it engagements for this year at salaries
very fast. "I ranging from $1,200 to t1,500 for the p
The following, from T. Ho llioster & season, this generally being through
Co., 811. North Third Street, St. Louis, about the first of November or Decembelr..
dated i..May 10th: If we can be of any service to you in
"Referring to yours of the 10th, we this matter we should be much pleased
will say that an outfit for a very good tohear from you again. and awaiting
Wle say na an- ouF Ro .LUo. her, are agt aivv wit me. .I ca .ol r ,,m n
Scanning estal .-ishment can be furnised your further commands, we remain.
for about .$4,10. This means kettle&. This from J. Al. M iain, ,Willis Point,
tanks, tools, tables. etc., and not build- Texas, dcated5 May lothh :an
ings or stuck. Yours owf the i6thr inst. read and noted. a
Wetdo not think muchof evaporators Our outfit to start a canning factory
for vegetables:as we do not know of here cost $503 50, at factor y, 10 per cent.
anything in that line that is in demand off for cash. This includes aprocessing
upon the market. kettle, with a capacity of from 5,000 to
A canning concern is a great help to a 10,000 cans per day, rand machine to
fruit and vegetable growing district as make cans, two and three pound, with a
it creates a market for all-their surplus capacity of 3,500 to 5,000 cans per day,
,fruits a na vegetables, such-as tomatoes, our corn cutter will be made here. You e
peas. beans, etc. can use a 4-horse power engine to maker
We cannot spea k of the merits of any steam; we have a larger size. Your
particular evap rat ur, as w e are unac- building can be cheap frame structure,
quaintedl with them, or an expensive brick.. It is better to
This, from L. B. Smith & Co1.,iee have an experien-ed man to manage the
South Water Street. Chin-ago: p'rr.cessing; we have one. We bought
"In answer your favrof the 2dinst- our outfit from Niagara Stamping and
we will say. that there is no market for Tool Company, of Buffalo, N. Y. We
evaporated vegetables. There is always shall only can fruit and vegetables thise
a market for evaporated fruit ts, such as eason. Our outfit is for two and three
pe ches, apples, berries, etc., and they pound cans ;.a small add it ionalexpense
sell-from 25 to: 75 per-cent, above prices would prepare us for any size cans. This
.of sun-prices isI our first season and we are. not yet
The machineryf for a compete can- ready to ccomMence work, butif youth
ning factory will cos t about $5 0iv and will remind me after our season is over,
as all canned goods ar- sold at ie) days, I wi give you tsh benefit of our ex-
credit it will take from $5,000 to $10,0)o perience; what our total expense, cost
additional to run it. of running and profits have been. Aim
In read toe prices, we would refer glad t o.eesuc enterprises start in the
you to E. S. Bristol & Gall, 30, 32 South South.
C anal S street. C hicago." t y o ,- "g a:pearan. ce' I h ave o. I
Lewin &t Jacobs, of Chicago, write How are Lemons Colored?
under date May 5th: Edit.c Foriida Farmner and Fr- iGrower.
To put up a cannig factory yan pou t am interested in the processor color-
must secure the services of an expert ing and curing the lemon, like the im-
superintendent, one who knows what ported lemons we receive here in the
sized boilers, retorts. etc., are necessary. spring and early in summer, looking
It will be difficult to find such a man fresh and yellow. the rind with a tough,
just now, during the canning season. leathery feel. All the modes I have
You can buy all your machinery here.iard of and read about, have proved a
Mesr.f 1the Rood in (. hrere tmarkaent h1,200 iof ndon freadbut, hav proved a
Messrs. C. F. Roe iCo., here, aresagentsfailure with me. I can color them and
for a number of canning companies. cure them, but not to perfection like
They understand the business, and can those we fiond in market. Where can I
give you all desired information, we get the desired information as toathecol-
think Write them." oring ond curing of the lemon ?
The Niagara Stamping and Tool Com- I have a st rain of the Siy lemon ; as
diffeent i yourartis wer wel poste at serason I ofa he Siciefly reon;asin
panye, Buffalo. N. Y., under date May to rigorous growt. hardiness and pro-
12ti, write :"i f r i ting, it is all right, and as toper-
Wehaveyour valued favor of the 16th fion f shp, smoothnsandapper-
fection of shape, smoothcsess and appear-
inst., and in reply beg to say that we are ance of rind while green. I can find tno
not well enough posted regarding the fault I ave two trees:at plresenut bend-
details of-a canning factory to ive ou ing under the weightoftheirfruit. One
much of 'any information. We shall has broken half across amnd is lyingon
try. however to tell I you all we know the ground, and the boughs of another
afout the business. aud in this counec- a Ire bent to the ground. I have been
tion beg to say that we hare maile-d you
to e-day our complete illustrated catalog gue gathering the fruit an., selling itat home,
to-de oarwhile green, at the rate of $6 per box. in
and price list, as faras we havegot same, order to relieve the trees of their burden.
and that we should be very much The other varieties of lemon I have are
pleased to sol you whatever we can not so hardy and prolitic. with the ex-
supply you with in the shape of ma- ception of the native, which proved in
chines and tools for a canning factory. the freeze of'86 to be about the same.
First of all. we beg to say, however.- Miy stain of Sicily was budded into the
that were afraid that you cannot make native stock. and I have a quantity of
a profitable investment if you wish t,:' root-propagated stocks of the native
start a canning factory on a very small variety which have made tO feet or more
scale, It is absolutely necessary that of growth since the freeze, on pine land.
you have a professional man to run your I purpose budding these with my favorite
factory for at, least one year. during lemon in the future, and with my toot-
which'time he might break in somefore propagated seedling oranges I feet safe
of your company, who could, thereafteri. insaying, I can hold both fruits the year
take the management of 'your concern round, for what I have done is not im-
and do the processing. but, inasmuch as possible to do. again. What I have yet
your successwill depend enitireiv u o0..
yo s l d n e.l pon to learn, is to give them that fresh-and
the quality of your goods that you car bright appearance I have spoken of. I
turn out, you will see the necessity. ofomitted to state that my root-propagated
avIng some one to put, up the goods stocks rival in size- and grow under and
who is an expert in that branch, of the with forest timber, while the non-bear-
business Suchna party you cannot ex- ing young trees fail to do anything in
pect to.get for less than .$1,2-,00 a year, such locations and perish, on pine land
especially if hbe is aware that his occupa- unless they receive a doulepotion~p of
tin.iswate onl tog enough .t attention in-.-fertilizing *and cultivatibn.
break in some one else to. be his suc- g .hIATT---L C....OLEMAN,..'
cessor, and the amount of salary paid LADY LAKE, F1a. -
uhll. is supposed to I'ome from the'profit .
of .the goods in order to make $1,200 II=,,=, 'I,,,~ ,+
prdflt-besides paying the interest on the Kerosene.,,,= for, Squash' Insectsy=.-'
caliitalinvested.- '"'_ Take pieces' 'of old muslin saturated
There is no such thing as doing a can- with kerosene .and strew-them among
mni'g f~iotory onlr-one-half. 'This bust- thc--rlaqs, and for seyeral adayfslp3our
ness has to he .,done" whole, or else It mote ke~rosen~e on the inuslin~, bg~hg
should not he dohi At all. It would be careful not to get any on' the plants.
different if your patrties'wiere wellposted Last season [.was veisucLcessftl.raising
in the putting up of .canned gelods into 'winter squash. nths season r tried it
tins, such a'$-wve b&tequite a n'u~ber of among my cucumbers to drive iway'the
parties in this section of the cbunt~rr,' striped bug and also the'grub, as Ifound'
who have'run a larger concern and after- several hills eaten off. I wrapped stri-ps
wards istaytdd on-their own, account, of paper around each plant just below
.make= their-odwn _cans, are their own the surface of the ground,.which has'al-
boAses;an~f'theiir own workmen, and can ways been a Aura remnedy" in the later
therefor&etnlake a small margin on a until this season, when I' would find
small outflt,on which another party them. eaten off above the paper, so I
would lose~money.' in" trnied the kerosene remnedy with~iuccess,
=If yoti Wisli.to 'post yourself inregard I think, as after using it I had no more
to th'e. 'u'nn ing of a canning5 factory an'd trouible.--E: W._i., in American'Gar'den.
the margin of profit, the -amount of --. ...
'tod make il a ave pumt Uup ari orders :=h orange ci-op of ColumbiA+ gouncy
pomk rofit, and' of' 'suh otlh-e"de-' wil be ver-y considerable again this fal~l.
FARMER AND FRUIT GR()WER. .-ALtG..S31,.8. -
Peach Yellows and Curcullo
'dttor Flonida Fbrmer nnd Frlit-OiGrou e':
The timely warning from Judge Knapp
regarding diseases of peach trees, should
receive the careful attention of every
'lorida fruit grower, as it can be a ques-
ion of time only when the dreaded
yellows" will makO disappearance. even
U it has not already gained a foothold
n our State.
Perhapsit may not be generally known
hat thousands of Peen-to peach trees
ave been, arid are being, propagated in
northern States for the Florida trade ;
nd that, because these trees, owing to
natural causes, can be produced cheaper
han Florida stock, plenty of the "penny
rise, pound foolish' class of humanity
an be found to buy them. It is bad
enough when patrons are induced to buy
uch stock with their eyes open to the
act, but it is nothing short of crime for
he dealer to knowingly impose such
leath-dealing trash on careful pains-
aking purchasers. Even Florida grown
eedlings raised from seeds produced in
in infected region, will be very likely to
show `disease. These facts should be
constantly borne in-mind, and let us-not
forget that "eternal vigilance is the price
if liberty."- --
In the last number of the FARMER AND
FRuiur GROWER the editorsounds a note
of warning in regard to the Curculio..
During a residence of twelve years in
the State, I have never seen this pest,
and whether this fact was due more to
uck, a lack of eyesight, or the non-exis-
tence of theinsect in the localities under
observation, I am not prepared to state.
[f the "varmint" does not exist here at
)resent, is the exemption- most probably
due to climatic causes, or to the fact
that the fruit produced in the past was
)f too poor a quality to suit his epicurean
Brother fruit growers, please give us
light on the curculio in Florida. In re-
gard to the remedies noticed;, poultry
and hogs will do very well where a few
trees only are to be protected, but can be
of no practical benefit in the case of
large orchards. An easy and practical
plan is to jar the beetles off the trees
sarly in the morning, catching them on
sheets properly placed beneath for their
Alight wooden framework supports
the sheet in such a manner as to allow it
to encircle the tree trunk in the form- of
an inverted cone, and should be suf-
ficiently large to cover all the space
under the overhanging branches of the
tree. A slit through one side of the sheet
to the center, allows it to be pushed past
the tree trunk into position, when one
or two sharp blows with a wooden mal-
let on the head of a large nail previously
driven into the tree trunk, causes the
beetles (which feign death) to fall from
the tree to the sheet below ; down the
inclined surface of which they roll until
thliy fall into a receptacle partly filled
with kerosene. Two persons can carry
and apply the machine very rapidly. I
sincerely hope, however, that the neces-
sity may never arise for its use in odr
State. R. H, BURR.
HOMELA.ND NuRSERrEs, BARTOW, POLK
COUNTY, FLA., Aug. 18th. 1887.
Editor florida Farmer and -Frutt-Qrower:
I send you by mail a head of grass.
Would like to know what it is and if it
is good for anything.
Everybody seems to speak well of
Kaffir corn, but unless there is some
way of keeping off the blackbirds it will
be a h ,rd matter to save seed.
In an article on page 258 of the FAR-
MER AND FREUT GROWER, headed "The
Fruits of Japan," I see that Kelsey's
Plum is described as having a red bloom.
Now the bloom on my trees that I got
from P. J. Berkman, of Augusta, Ga.. is
white. I would Uike to hear from .other
parties whether the article above men-
tioned is correct or not. This is the
second year since my trees were pl-inted
and they have made a vigorous growth.
One of the trees set. two plums which,
in size and other respects, filled the des-
cription of the Kelsey plum, but the
bloom was certainly white aud the trees
were as full of bloom as they could well
be. H.WV. ROOP.
[The grass sent is a Selaria or fox-
tail grass. Its great bristly seed tops,
which are sometimes 18 inches long, en-
title it to be called the Great Foxtail.
It. is in thegenus with the German Millet
and many other of the common wild
grasses with cylindrical, bristly seed
heads. It behaves like an introduced
grass, but we aie in doubt as to its iden-
tity, and having referred the matter tc
Dr. Vase. the specialist in grasses, fiud
that lie is equally in doubt. He desires
to obtain some specimens for study, and
we would request of Mr. Roop.tbat he
send a few specimens of seed .tops and
blades either to us or ('with accompany.
ing letter directly to Dr. George Vasey,
Department of Agriculture, Washing.
ton, D. C. Dr. Vasey also wishes to seE
a specimen of the Peuinisetim that Sir,
Reaspner is cultivating'.
Dr. Vasey writes, "As an annual gras:
for Southern cultivators I think thb
Panicinm prolIferui.t yar. gcnic'latut,
gives the greatest promise. One hinau'ir
Georgia says thit he 'haW'ralsed 6oer 11
tons, per acre, of hay from it." This
Paniwpm is intermediate in' appearance
.between" those tw6 6ther valuable species
of this genus, -the Para and Guinea
grasses, but is sm'a'ler thau'either. It it
a dative, species, but rather scarce fr
Florida. In cultivation "'it ought to.stc-
greed well on outi flat land's.
.- As to the ""bloom of. the Kelsey plum
we think the w ord as used in the article
on Jupan fruits has reference to the
"glaucouh'" film "characteristic or plumi
and grapes',and that the write~red the
word in the sense of color. s to the
flowers of the Kelsey plum, we have nol
seen them but' suposde thum-.to be
white. 'We understand from Mr. Ta
maria's letter that'in Japaq muchalten
tioh is devoted to producing variation5
in the flowers of *this plum, "some ad
mirers of them having over 300 varieties
On Mr. Dhnsby's truck farm near Pen:
Mr. Irving Keck, of the Bowling Greet
Land and Improvement Company
writes under date of May 2d: -e
think THE FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWEI
the best to be had for farmers in Flor
Ida; We always-get new ideas from-it.'
Mlr,'E; W. Amsden. ofOrrnond-on-the
Halifax, wiltes as followss : "I' aia1ak-
sacola, we observed a device'for keeping
off birds-blackbirds in particular, we
think-consisting simply of white twine
carried once around an area of about an
acre. Strange as it may seem, this sim-
pl means wasfound to be very effectual.
-A. H. C.c.
It is chiefly in tlie summer time when
plants are in active growth that liquid
manure is applied to them. It is a mi"-
take to give plants that are not well
rooted much of it, but when they have
plenty of roots, and are growing freely
everywhere, it is very beneficial ; but as
liquid manure is often.a scarce and al-
ways a valuable commodity, it should
be used in such a way as to secure the
best possible return from it. In the case
of plants in pots when they have many
roots they are always apt to become
quickly d'ry in hot weather, and many of
them are often so dry that when the
water is given them a' large quantity of
it passes through the soil and runs to
waste. It is a mistake to allow manure
water to be wasted in this way, as it does
the plants ,little.,or no good. The most
economical and advantageous way of
applying it to all points in pots to make
the soil and roots wet with clean water
first, and then water with liquid, as the
moist soil retains all the best properties
of the manure, and this is the point to
secure. This rule holds good in the cage
of fruit trees of all kinds. and vegetables
as well.-Cambrian, in The Garden.
A, Connecticut farmer last fall set a
-barrel in the ground, leaving about tea
inches above the surface, tilled it with
russet apples and left it unheaded,
merely covering it with sheet iron to ex-
clude snow and rain; They are reported
as having been in fine condition in the
following April.-American Garden.
HOW OUR PAPER IS REGARDED.
A Few of Many Expressions ot
Mr. W. W. Dewhurst, of St. Augustine,
writes of the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER
under date of July18: "Its character is
greatly in advance of anything ever be-
fore printed in Florida of its class, and
its aim is so near what we have long
needed that I feel it a duty to give itaid.
Thefarmeis aid others sliding the in-
teiests of tle Stateal.':'ve privatespecula-
tion, must organize to '.-ontrol the Legis-
lature aud they need a newspap'er-to
educate them and piepare to work out
the subjects for legislation and secure
unity of action."
Mr. J. R. Campbell, of Paisley, writes
to us as follows: "Out of five papers I
take, yours is the only one I read every
G. WV. W. writes: "The FAYVMFR AN
FRUIT GR)OWER I believe is destined to
be a power. Being centrally located, as
a medium of communication between
different sections and interests its'wortli
cannot be estimated.' -.. ,
Mr. John A. Germond, of Keuka,
writes, under date of July 5, as follows:
"I consider the FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER the peier of any.agiicultural
paper published in the South."
S Mr..W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights,
writes, under date of July 2: "You can
r not imagine the solid comfort I get from
the sensible advice given in the FARMIER
AND FRUIT-GROWER in all matters per-
taining to the farm, fiom your able
corps of contributors and the logical
views of the editor. The paper is a God-
send to the granger who is threading
the labyrinthan ways of Florida farming
Mx'. P. C. Minnich, of Waldo. writes:
r "The new paper is just what all engaged
Sin tilliug the soil should have. We like
Sthe style in which it is managed. Facts
and not boom talk i4 what. is needed for
th'e advancement of Floridla."
Mr. Charlies F. Oliver. of New York
City. writes: "'I ha-.e seen but two
copies of your paper, but am much
t&ken with it, as I believe it is honest.
You have no idea what trouble we have
to find out anything about Florida that
can be believedJ."
Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouth,
Illi., writes, under date of Aptil 9th: "I
rhinkyour paper the bhst agricultural
paper published in the South."
t Mr. J. V. Dansby. of Pensacola, ex-
presses himself as follows: "The FA&nrMER
I AND FRUIT-GRow-Ra is the best thing in
I its way I have seen. It is just the papaet
needed. and if you keep it up to the pres-
i nt standard of excellence must become
popular with lhe people. I can't see
i where you have left any room for im-
* Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distinguished
Shorticulturist and proprietor of the Ger-
" mhntown nurseries.' in a letter dated
March 5th, writes: "I--am very much
pl-eased.with, the FARMER aND FRUIT-
. GhowER, and shall read it regularly,
Swrhich you know is a high compliment
for an editor topayto an exchange."
'Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, writes as
follows:. "I look upon your paper at
Sone- of the mot. valuable. additions .,tc
Sour agricultural interests. It is abl
1 edited, practical, directs attention tc
s matters of primary importance in the
e development of' our various industries,
and carries-with ita spirit of energy and
enterprise that must addh'ess~itself to ev,
ery searcher after information." .
Mr. ,L. H. Armstrong,.of St. Nicholas,
Diival county, writes under- date'ol
April 26tb : "THE FLORIDA FARMER ANt
' FRvTr.GROWER has far surpassed expec-
t rations. It sheds light on many obscure
pages in the book of Florida's possibili-
ties in fruit, forage. live stockand in the
development of her vast store of hidden
resources.. .. .
ing ten-papers on agricultural subjects.
and if asked to- surrender the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER, I would-tell them
to take the other nine, but leave "me
that. May peace and plenty and years
of grace he given you to continue the
Rev. T. W. Moore, of Marion county.
writes: -'I believe your paper will do a
good work in disseminating new ideas in
regard to fruit raising, farming, stock
Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Island:
"Judging from what I have seen of the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, it is the
best agricultural paper published in the
South..! predict immense success for it."
Prof. S. N. Whitner, of the Agricul-
tuial College of Floiida. writes as fol-
lows; "I can say in all sincerity. it ha,
exceeded my mru.'t sanguineexpectations.
Already it is without a peer in all the
Mr. Charles W. Steveus, of Orange
county, writes: "Your paper far ex-
ceeds'the hopes of the most sanguine
in its good---work._- It.:filla=a-.want:
long felt in this part for a good ag-
ricultural paper. Success to you."
Mr. R. A. Ward, postmaster at Mala-
bar, writes: "I am delighted with the
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, and rec-
ommend it to all on account of its com-
plete adaptation to the wants,of this lat-
itude. Other agricultural papers con-
tain only an occasional article of inter-
est to the farmers of South Florida. who
care little for dairy news or general
farming in the North, but the articles in
the FARMER ANt) FRUIT-GROWER are
good, very good, and I wish you the suc-
cess you de-erve for furnishing Florida
farmers a paper that just 'fills the bill.'"
Mr. C. H. Goodrich, of Orange Park,
writes: "I must say that the FARMER
ANT FRUtrT-GROWER is decidedly th.be best
publication of the kind in thle State. I
Lake them all and can compare their
Prof. D, L. Phares. the eminent pro-
fessor of bic-logy in the Agricultural Col-
leg.:. of Mississippi. says in the Soutih'n
Live St.,,-' Journal: 'His [the editor's)
valuable paper already appearing in the
first numbers are fulfilling our expecta-
tion and prediction. They may he fully
relied upon for conscientious correc-
ness ot statement and scientific accur-
acy of detail."
Hon. J. Wmn. Ewan. writing from
Miami. Dude county, says : "Certainly
you are losing a good work in establish-
Sing an euliihtened and scientific system
of agriculture, which heretofote has
been seriously neglected. Your paper is
inviting in appearance, pure in senti-
ment. and progressive in principle, and
surely must succeed."
Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset, Fla.,
writes as follows: "We axe new comers
and have much to learn, and your paper
Sis just what we have wished for ever
Since we arrived here. 'Our Cosy (Cor-
Sner'contains just what.every woman in
Florida ought to read, words of encour-
agement and comfort to the homesick.
weary, struggling sisterhood. God
bless'H. H.' May she live to write
niany words of cheer. Heriecipes, too,
are so well suited to Florida. As our
resources in the country are limited.
they fill large want."
Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and
stationer of Palatka, writes, under date
Sof June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER AND
t FRUITT GROWER is a perfect success. It
Sis far ahead of anything of the kind in
the State, and every one interested in
horticulture or agriculture should not be
Capt. R. E. Rose, president of the St.
Cloud Agricultural and Improvement
Co., writes from Kissimmee, under
date of June 10th, as follows: "The
FaRMER continues to improve, and, as I
predicted, is becoming the standard ag-
Sricultural iournal of the South."
Mr. G( M. Whetston, of Mikesville,
Columbia county, writes under date of
J une I,: "I enclose $2 for the FARM.ER
AND FRUIr- GROWER. I will try and get
some more subscribers for your paper. I
Shave seei two or three copies of it. and
think it is the best paper of the kind I
have ever seen, and the only one suited
to our county."
M h'. F. S. Sprague, of Federal Point,
Expresses his opinions follows: "I have
taken agricultural' and horticultural pq-
Spers foE-yeirs, and unhesitatingly pro'
nouude.the. FLORIA FARMER AND FRUIT-.
GROWER. far ,uperior'to them all. You
r need not"6ntertain fears for its success.-
SIts merits will Win its way. Please send
me anb extra copy .to'sen6d-to-a'-friend in
SMichigan,-who- will' probably wish'to
Subscribee" .. .. '. '' -'. -
The -.iournale ill have fm r iste leai ngobject
the promot,,n of 'Cri-a ,d.i.tresm Frorhda, and
Will a.di:CiCWr cAp llh.a more diver-fled and
itr-r. ,re .ytem Of aTcri': nture and reater
c ra..msn:.cr ome re Acti4mingtrat the agrewturatalhadaiiationseo
a ltrge port' *-ii Florda iare as yet but impar-
f-ctir anderLtood, a rpie.nai atim of tur -istrnal
rihal tbe to deicrib r the beer rusiults which have
been acconiptished, with ttie exact methods em-
ployed. and ail ulnenee a ff.-etintg sinch result;
alzo to' ,uggeiterperi-hnent, de'?ribenewor Lrtle
enown crops, fruits, etc., and record the progress
of agreisiure in iieighroriong STatei'
CoommenCn wmthlthe firit number ard cono-
taitnag ttrt.ugF tie cac-ohi for
Tnerc wdl be a series of articles on frutis--other
than tho e of.thio cirrus gronp-whieh have
proved most subccessfudl in tlus State. Each va-
ricrty viU be described ande d -
And there will be notes from persons who have
had esipervact.-in its cultivtiion. Tuas wiU be
followed by a eLmIlar bserires on
And otnermibjecIS wdl be illustrated to a limited
Much attention will be devoted to
A-nd to the home production tfiorage and fertili-
zers, two ecoromles whicb are essential tbu6i-
A due amoint of space will be devoted le
household economy.and to reports of the mar-
kets, and the departments of.
will be contributed to bypersons who have made
specialMries of those branches.
..~.-.. -.. .._..- -.... All portions of the State will' receIve a due
d em E WaSf"1-noho71vels amount'or attention; aidtlhe.irentereit wio hbe
-... a,-d -Do --_-i represented by able cotrespondents.
d MAITLAND NURSERIES. Utuder no circemstances iwll IthisJournal be-
SOrder Now iv you wish to be in time. come the "organ" otfanyassoiatIonorlocdlity.
v ... .. I.. -,I.. ." t wull tart out untrammelled 'and 'wi-repre- .
We offer for Faliand,.Wnter Delvery choicee .an. asllettions sad iterb wtth'abglil'-il- '
t lot of GENUINE WASRHINGTON NOVELS
AJao, th6 VILLA FRANOA,besaeiid hardiest of partiauty. -_ .- .4 ..
Lemons. Also, Early Spanisbh,.-Jaffa4 .Majorca,- '. ..
SMalta Oval, and nearly all varieties of Orange, ..- i ..
Lemon audrt Lime We also offer'for the :. .. .. .
L fdrat Lime to Floridatbrange growers tlie'. r.. ,,t --.t
Publshed at JacbonvilJe'oWe, "
S DOUBLE. IMPERIAL'NAVEL, P a -.
SMoat Prol'ic Navel known, ad *dthe : : o eaCoh-week _.i f,';_' 1 '- .-
, a s r o n r em -, '- e 1 i* : t. : ^ *. -* ."i h i' ;(.- ....'
S, ATWOOD'S SEEDLESS NAVEL. -.- _.-, ". -, -' -; : -
d KEDNEY-& CAREY. pioiCi. Z. Jil
S Winter P&rk, Orange' County, Fla. 6ne Year.. ....... .....'........ -<,
S .- ,- Six Month "t.... .; -
Bees and'r Q ut'e ns1 .. hee Months............,...,.,. ..,.........- ..
S, .- ,' ".,.:+ .,-':, "" ; g. r ,,....SPEDIMEN .OPIER .Rw .-i : "
I OrderswlU be bodked now for deU eeydur. ..., iti : -" .. :
SIng April, May or June, of my anperlor race .. 1'. .. 1"' :. '' --
Soipure .., Addres subscrillptIonstauit"otepbuslefafom-'iw .
I Italianl Bposanfuenee :.. mn, t t,.t '"
lldlll J~uadlll UllHll J u, n-nfC BjR R -"14!"-
S- .. .. .,. .JONE &. R .,.
S. Queens by mall a. s pecialty.-- .' ...- r.rn "'H T-',--' .'r "--': "
S'"GIveamea trial'orderj -- : omin-a o D Z'it-. "-- "
R'- ~-Commpnlqatlonkjyiel- 'fpinm
S For prices or other lnform arion.-aaddress- -' .,- he- d .T'e d t. -- r -. ,.":. .-
Fo "rcsor o t: .d-r-W
H ..- iH RT ,' .' A.-- :"."4 '-
EsUm ,Orfue o.. lim I ., oksrV)"V
^* .. +0 C..r....-";- ",,- ,:^ ." "" ..^.%=-',.
"- ....'. "7. 4.' "k ... .... fl? '":
.- ~.*:.. ..-. -~ .:v.i ,I?.7-T
.. .-..'. ,. _- i.. is.: i~b
D- .- A...-
DEVOTED TO: .. E; .
DEVOTED TO .-THE
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 31,188-7.
can be coveniently obtained, is very
arm. beneficial, especially: to sandy soils. It
is often found in the subsoil. Marl is a
"" rather vague term, it being a mixture of
LIME IN AGRICULTURE. ca1carious earth and various proportions
LIKE IN AGR ULU of clay and sand.
Its Effets on Soil--How Used Some farmers claim that the applica-
It Effets S -H Use tion of lime exhausts the soil. If they
to Best Advantage. will carefully consider the subject in all
BY .RCVAL BREWER its bearings, they will find that it is not
BYLime saPC a dantly in the lime that exhausts the soil, but the
Lime salts occur very abundantly in crops growing upon, and drawing their
nature, and are universally diffused. mineral constituents from it,
Large quantities of lime-stone are found By applying lime to the soil we very
in different parts of the world, as well much improve its physical and chemical
as other forms of carbonate. It is esti- properties, as has been explained, and
mated that one-sixth of the rock upon thereby promote a vigorous and luxuri-
the surface of the'.globe-is lime-stone, ant growth of the crop, and as a matter
Lime-also occurs, in large quantities as of course the vigorous crops demand
sulphate-or gypsum. There, is consider- more of the soil constituents, than would
able Lime-stone found in Florida. a light, puny crop, and just in that pro-
One&-dfthe most important methods of portion is the soil exhausted.
improving the soil is by the application If we take large crops of from a soil
of lime, if the soil is in need of it. This every year, and return nothing to it, it
fact we must ascertain through a chem- will at last become exhausted. We do
ist. Have the quantity of lime con- not expect a horse to work without feed,
trained by your soil estimated, and, see no more ought we expect the soil to
whether or not it is sufficient. This will yield largb crops without returning to it
not cost much, and in all probability what we take from it.
will save quite a: large expenditure of If we wish to make farming a success,
money and time,: as ,cases have fre- we must endeavor to raise as much on a
quently. occurred. where .farmers: have given area of ground as possible. To do
limed their-, soil -at a. considerable ex- this we must first get theland in good
pense, when it was afterward shown by condition,, and then always keep it so.
analysis that lime was not needed, con- There-is .only, one way to preserve the
sequently it was best and most econom- fertility of any soil, and that is to return
ical to procure the analysis first, and if to it each year, as much of each soil con-
necessary, apply the lime. stituent as was. taken from it by the
"Liming'-has.been practiced for ages, crops of- the previous year. If we do
and is followed vory extensively at the this conscientiously, we will improve the
present day. If our soil contains two character of the soil every year, and it
per cent. oflime it is all right. If it will bear better crops at the end of ten
contains less than that the application years than it did the first year.
of lime will be beneficial. If it contains
less than one-half of one per cent. itwill
require the addition oflime before it THE "RED RUST"' IN COTTON.
can be profitably cultivated. These ---
figures are only approximately correct, Ppof. Atkinson Discovers the
but will do for all practical purposes. "
Clays require much more lime than Cause and a Remedy.
sandy soils. We learn the following from the News
There, are several substances used to and Observer: About two weeks ago the
supply lime to the soil, the most im- cause of the so-called red rust on cotton
portant of which are unslaked lime, was discovered by Prof. George F. At-
slaked lime, shell sand, gypsum or land kinson. Since then he has been experi-
plaster, and marl. Of these the unslak- meeting on the production of the disease
ed lime and the slaked lime are by far and for remedy. Specimens of diseased
the best. cotton were sent by Mr. P. L. Woodard,
Lime-stone consists of carbonate of of Black Creek.
lime. -When this is burned in the kilns A riiust is produced by the growth of a
the carbonic acid is driven off, and ox- parasitic fungus upon a plant. The red
ide of lime, or quick lime remains, rust, so-called, on cotton, is not a rust
When this quick dime is mixed, with at all, but a diseased condition of the
water, or exposed to a damp atmos- plant produced by a mite which sucks
phere, it becomes slaked, i. e., enters the juices from the under side of the
into combination with water, forming a leaves, and from the bracts at the base
hydrate, which easily crumbles to a fine of the boll, causing them to take on the
powder. Upon exposing this powder to familiar rusty appearance, to wither and
the influence of the atmosphere for fall to the ground.
some time it slowly absorbs carbonic There is no fungus in connection with
acid, and the greater part. of it- returns the appearance of the disease. The
to its original form of carbonate. But it mites can scarcely be seen with the un-
is much improved, as it is now a bulky aided eye. With the aid of a hand lens
powder, in a state of minute division. they can be seen running rapidly about,
Foragricultural purposes we require now and then stopping to bite into the
an unslaked lime as pure as possible, as tissues and suck out thejuice. Themites
the purer it is. the more water it will are about one-sixtieth of an inch long,
absorb, and the quicker and better it of a dull white color with a brown spot
will crumble down to a fine, bulky oueachside. They have four pairs oflegs
powder. and resemble small spiders. The eggs
To apply quick lime it is placed in are about one two-hundredths of an inch
small heaps over the gruni. and is in diameter, white, and glued to the
either left uncovered or is covered with underside of the leaf. They hatch in
earth. If the season is very dry it will one or two days, when the mites begin
facilitate the process of slaking to pour the work of sapping the juices, and spin
a little water over the heaps, but a light, irregular web. In from three
whether we do this or not the lime will to four days the young mites are full
soon slack and crumble to a fine powder, grown and ready to deposit eggs. Thus
It is then spread over the soil as uni- it can be seen that they multiply with
formly as possible. On stiff clay soil exceeding rapidity.
from four to six tons per acre can often Several experiments were conducted
be beneficiary applied. On light sandy to prove that the mites were the cause
soil, one ton or even less is usually sumi- of the disease. Mites were placed upon
client. Lime is often applied to grass cottonshowingnosignofrust. and which
lands, but it must be thoroughly slaked was entirely free'from mites. Ina short
and entirely dry. A good dressing of lime minute blotches appear, caused by
lime is necessary only once in six or inflammation of the tissues where the
eight years. bite occurs. As the sap is taken, the
The most suitable time to apply lime tissues shrink, become reddened, the
totbe soil is in thespring, before the ap- leaf becomes sickly and falls off.
plication of any other fertilizer, as it The remedy used to kill the mites was
plays a most important part in **fixing" as follows: A strong infusion of tobacco,
some of the constituents of other fertil- mixed with kerosene oil thoroughly
izers in the soil, and thus prevents them emulsified with the use of soap. To-
from beingg carried away by rains. bacco was used so that a less proportion
Quick lime has a far greater physical of kerosene oil might be used tban in
and chemical action upon the soil than the common kerosene emulsion, to in.
any other form of lime. It has a power- sure no harm to the cotton from its ap-
ful influence in aiding in the decomposi- plication. The proportion of kerosene
Lionof vegetable matter. When we turn oil was one to 30 of water.
under a green crop if we will scatter This Petroleo Tobacco emulsion was
lime over it. it will decay in half the applied in a fine spray to the under part
time. Lime very much improves the of the leaves with the use of a force
textures of soils generally. Itopensand pump. A tank was drawn on a small
pulverizes clays, making them more sled and the hose was bent so as to
porous, allowing water to penetrate throw the stream from below. The sled
,hem more freely, and thus reduces the was kept in constant motion'and the
resistance offered to the implements of leaves were thoroughly sprayed. killing
cultivation. On the other hand. it has nearly all the mites. No injury to the
a most beneficial action on sandy soils cotton resulted. The eggs are not des-
-by consolidating them, rendering them tro.ed, so a second spraying should be
more tenacious and adhesive, thereby given in two or three days, before the
increasing their powers of retaining next generation begin to deposit eggs.
moisture, A bent nozzle could be made so that
Lime aids in the disintegration of the spray could easily be applied to the
those refractory soil constituents and under surface of the leaves.
forming.cdmpounds with them, or free- The Petroleo-Tobacco .emuisiou is a
ing them, so they can enter in combina- very cheap and safe remedy for tbis and.
tirob witLi some other element which many other insects.
compoundsoften can be assimilated by The..small, amount of. kerosene oil
the plant. Thus Indirectly it furnishes needed and,the abundance.of tobacco in
.plants,, with other, mineral constituents the state ought-,to.justify the manufac-
besides lim-e.. ture of a.Petroleo-Tobacco Soap, which;
.Limemcorrctthhe'acidity of the soil by could be easilydissolved in water and
neutralizing the organic acids which are largely and profitably.used in the state
fbrined'By theoxidistion oforganic mat- and elsewhere, if-some chemist. will tell
ter: 'Lime iFiinues.thisl oxidation and us how tomake such a soap,,
-- ompletfelyf-'traiisformis these acidic, into The red rust mite, if taken in time,
carbonic acid, and at the same time lib- can be profitably, destroyed, and every-
edirats, the nitroggencontairied in the or- cotton grower in-.the South should pro-
ganim: iattei, wbich can now combine vide himself.with the means'of prevent-
withi somn othei* element and be nuetral- ing the damage- caused by one -of the
ized'as plati.food. greatest tests of cotton districts,
,Lime compounds greatly increase'the -.- -
powter 6f the soil to absor.b and retain or Information has been received by the
"fix' potash, soda, ammonia and'phos- CaliforniaStateViticulturalCommission
p pHoic acid, this holding them in reserve that French vineyardists have' at last
".for4i'plarito 'feed on.- This is a most -found a remedy,. for mildew and peron-
i'" miprtat'tpropert.- Liinme also destroys ospera ttifcola, which pest is next to the
S numerous wormas, insects, fungi, etc. phylloxera in its destructiveness to
..We find by. cariefully' considering this grapevines. 'The French remedy is the
Ssubtiliject,. that-lime iB of no little impor- application of sulphate of.copper, lime
S. tance.t'o.ithe', fariter;,and'unless the s'oil ,and' powdered sulphur..'
contains' a~tsuiffi~cient amourint, do not de- *
-.lay-in supplying.it. -A party has'juit purchased a'large
he. i'-l1 sand cat-sometimes be profitably body of Coliinibia county land for tur-
-. :oised-j;ffits',at-'han'd;. rGypsu.ii'orIland- :pentine faninbg. The still will be but a
.'.- plasieer-is'brffn usd'- Marl-where it few mile ifromin Lake City.
.. .. .- =-..._ .... ... ..- .. .
IMPROVEMENT OF CORN; A Letter From Mr. Cole.
-. Editor Florida Farmer and 'Wruit-Grower:
How the Yield May be Increas- Not because you, so handsomely intro-
ed Fifty per Cent. duce me to your readers in.Florida, but
Editor Florida Farmer and Fruit- Grower: because you deserve eit, Ip`rC nounceyour
In your issue of July 20th, I see a su- paper the est agricultural journal I
In your issue of uly 2 h, I see a sug- seen outside of Coleman's Rural
gestion over the signature of Charles World, The Husbandman, The Califor-
Bradley, in regard to the improvement
of corn, which calls to mind.some facts .nia Patron, and..Billingsbv's Disinage
of corn which calls tomind some facts 'and Farm Journal. It is these journals
that came to my knowledge on that sub- which should rank all others, and will
ectMr. Lewis Wagorena farmer in J rank all others in future, since the New
Davies county, .llinois,a by career ul Jos- Agriculture has won, and will go all
Davies county Illioby ceful over the world and bless the families of
election of seed from the common variety men in immeasurable degree in all the
of corn grown in that region, which us- future.,
ually produced but one ear to the stalk Aregards the Florida of the future it
produced a variety which almost uni- d
formy had two or- more. to the stalk, is to goas much beyond that cf the past.
He formly ha d two ormoretothe cimensa as sutirrigation is ahead of no irriga-
He only selected to the stalk, and tion at all in the past of your peninsula.
re ar culture and ltibral I have read with deep interest the letter
improved by careful of e Mr. William P. Neeld. in your issue
fertilizing. This added at least 50 per of August 10th, so full of "chunks of
cenBut in this experiment t, although a wisdom," from beginning to end. Let
very satisfactory result was reached, Mi". Need keep on writing ch Prette
only A part of the conditionsof success and let every'oyl study them. Pretty
ol "of he c n o uersoon Mr. Neeld will catch up with the
were employed. Corn, like most other editor of the FAi AND FulT-GRw-
vegetables, is the result of doublepar- editor ofthe FBrothers and others who-
.entage. No doubt the vigor and the ER, the ooks Brothat hersan others who
fruitfulness of the tassel enters into the have found out:that when the farmers
fruitfulness of thany e tassel enters this kind and fruit growers of Florida do all recom-
success of any expertmento thio kind. mendd b Mr Neeld and add
The character and perfection of the pol- mended by Mr. Neeld, and add to it.sub-
len whichisarac the product of the tassel irrigation, ad admixture of sands,
n which much theo do in the cas se. mucks, marls and clays, fitting perfectly
On this assumption Prof. Blount then each year rom one more four or fivuueacres
of Tennessee, (connected, I think, wit they will each single ear, thanha been done
the State Agricultural College' made a in each sie Learn set fooasbeen on its
series of experiments that resulted in ince Po Addressing Leself directly to your
what was called the- Blount Piolific, or oilAddrespondent, myself directly toyour
Cluster Corn." With -that variety,- I correspondent, permit me, dear Mr.
luster orn." six good ears to the I Neeld, to add to your panacea, sub-irri-
stal, istheory assumed that there gation and admixture of soils,
was a possibility of an earf corn to HOME OA. N. CLE THE HILLSIDE
every blade or leaf of the corn,. That HOME ONil THE HILLSIDE,
the nearer this point was reached, the WELLSVILLE, N. Y., August 15, 1887.
nearer the result came to the point of What Lands Need Draining.
perfection .. .
As no one would think of improving It is a grave mistake to suppose that
his stock on the range if every little only swamp lands, or those which are
scrub mule was allowed to run at large too wet during the whole or the greater
with his herd and mingle his blood at part of the year, require drainage. All
will with the better class; so the scrub lands through which rain water is unable
corn, or the tassels of those stalks that :to percolate freely, or in which it either
produced less than the desired numbers stands for auy considerable time on the
of ears, should be cut away before the surface or stagnates within les than
pollen was ripe for shedding. The herd three feet ofthe surface, will be material-
has this advantage over the field as there ly henefitted by thedrainage. The follow-
is a choice in the selection and a prowess ing extract is from "Barrall on Drain
in the stronger and better that protects 'age," under the head of the "External
from the damage of the inferior, whilst signs of the want of drainage."
the field is helpless, and at the mercy of He says: "The aspect of the soil after
the wind, to use only such pollen as first heavy rains, or great protracted heat,
falls on the silk after the receptive state the mode of culture, and the nature of
isreached. the vegetation, are very conspicuous
The experiment may then be carried characteristic signs, by the help of which
on substantially as follows. Select seed we can easily tell that a groundneeds to
only from those stalks that.produce two be drained.' Whenever, after a rain,-
or more good, sound and perfect ears. water stays in the furrows; wherever
Plant distant from other corn, as the stiff and plastic earth adheres to the
bees-and other insects carry the pollen shoes; wherever the foot of either man
from Beld to field, or the wind may blow or horse makes cavities that retain
it quite a distance. As soon as thenum- water, like so many cisterns; wherever
ber of ears on the stock can be deter- cattle are unable to penetrate without
mined, gothroughthe field and cut away sinking into a kind of mud; wherever
the tassels from every stalk that has not the sun forms on the earth a bard crust.,
-two ears. slightly cracked and compre-sing the
In this manner, work first for two ears roots of the plants, as into a vise; wher-
to the stalk, after this for three and ever, three or four days after rain, slight
more. It will soon be seen that a field depressions in the ground show more
of advancement is opened up, that may moisture than other parts; wherever a
be profitably entered, and from fifty to stick, forced into the ground one foot
one hundred per cent. more corn can be and a half deep, forms a hole like a little
raised with the same effort. well, having water standuig at its bot-
There is nothing that the farmer raises tom; wherever tradition consecrated as
that the conditions of improvement are advantageous the cultivation of lands by
more under his control than those of by means of convex, high, large ridges
corn, and yet to this day howlittle has '-one may affirm.that drainage will pro-
been done. The size of the ears and of duce good results."--Planter's Journal.
the.grain have been increased, but one ,
and two ears to the stalk is the limit of
progress so far. Two ears to the stalk Florida Tobacco Crop.
may be all that is desirable, as the in- Tobacco is bound to prove to be the
crease of the number of heard will dimin- future paying crop of Florida, and the
ish their size. and increase the labor of same county that demonstrates that its
husking. But for home use, three ears soil is peculiarly adapted to its success-
somewhat reduced in size, or even four, ful cultivation will be fortunate. Its
I think would be pofitable lands will rapidly enhance iu value.
Blount's Prolific was a small variety, Make an effort to secure thb premiums
not suitable for culture in this State. offered by Mr. Dural, and not only ben-
The husks opened at ihe ends when ri- efit yourself personally, but every man
opening and let in the birds and insects, in the county. You now have the weed
so I have not retained it. I now culti- in successful growth-the finest that was
vate a variety that makes a hb-sk that ever seen anywhere. Now be careful in
extends beyond the ear and so stoutly the curing process, and then compete
encloses it that a blackbird or crow for the premiums. You can secure them
wouldd starve to death whilst opening it. with a very slight effort, and it will pay
It is al)o'rather flinty, has red and vel- you.-Monticello Constitution.
vety cob, and may be the same variety Mr. J. J. Jelks aud Mr. Polhill have
that C. E. B. mentions as the "St. housed about 4,00l0 pounds of tobacco
Thomas velvet." from their five-acre patch. Most of it is
I am now working for a uniform field cured quite well, and after undergoing
of two or more ears to the stalk. If I the sweating process will be ready for
succeed I shall try for more I have market. Tobacco is quoted at 30 cents
raised corn on the rich prairies of Illinois per pound.
and have seen fields wherecorn had been Mr. J. S. Goodbread, who is cultivat-
raised for twenty years in succession and ing "the weed" this season, is delighted
one would have to stand on tiptoe to wirh his crop, and declares lie would no
reach many of the ears, but I like rais- give one acre of tobacco for four acres
ing corn better in Florida than in Illinois. of cotton. It was demonstrated long
VELAKA, Fla. N. w. ago that the sr.il here is well adapted to
[IPi pursuing such expeiintents it tobacco culture, and no doubt it would
would be well to provide a succession of pay -vell to raise it in large quantities.-
pollen. One planting of corn sheds its Jasper Courier.
pollen simultaneously and the upper- *
most ears-where there are Feveral on a A Advocate of Field Peas.
stalk-fail to receive the fertilizing ele- An Advocate ield eas.
ment essential to their full develop. A correspondent of the Journal of
ment. Only a portion of the "silk" is Agriculture from Dunklin"county, Mo.,
touched by the pollen-hence the "uub- says:
bins" with but few kernels or none at "If stock peas were taken away from
all If a row of corn were planted-a the. farmers of'--Dunklin county, the
fortnight after the main planting on the county would be bankrupted. There'are
side of the field from which the prevail- hundreds 'of acres sown every year.
ing wind blows, it would reduce the num- This spring is the6 first' time there has
ber ofimperfect ears considerably -we beenasiippl rf sed. Thepriceisdown
think: We learn from- a Tallahassee to- $1.25 per bushel. Last spring they
merchant that the Bradley weevil-proof were worth $3.00 ier bushel.' On the
corn is likely to come into general use sandy'soil of this county, pea'hay'is the
and to add much to the value of Florda's only'kinid of pay that is used. A great
corn crop.-A' E. c.] mauy farmers plant peps with their corn.
-. P. Stuart,' one of our' best farmers,
In estimating the value of manure or 'toldtme he gathered 60 bushels'of corn'
fertilizer always take into consideration to the acre-and was'satisfied he had as-
the cost of hauling thesame to the'fields, many bushels of peas as there was cort..
as well as the facility with which it can I, know hbe'fattened a car load of hogs in
be applied. Very bulky material, though the'stalk fields with'but little corn.
valuable/,may sometimes cost more than "He says he cut his corn, planted cow'
it is worth if hauled long distances or" peas, out them 'fori hay and'thien'planted
over heavy ground. wheat again. The second crop of wheat
was much better than the first, on the
.. It is poor economy to plow and bar- same land, which he attributes to'the
row and mow year after year around an fertilizing effects of the cow peas."-
old.stump that might be removed in ten Texas Stockman and Farmer,
minutes with a ten cent dynamite cart- -, ,
'ridge; then consumed by fire,'its ashes -Fine crops,.of corn, sugar'cane, pea_
'repaying twice the cost of the imprdove- and potatoes'will"'be made'in Sum'ter
meant. : county this season. "
FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES
S Kelsoy JaPau Plums, Olive Trees, Oran s, Fis, Lemons, PecaDs,
By the dozen, hundred orthousand, also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Florida and the Gulf States. Am now bo:,kin orders our Fall dIehEry -.:,er,
of 1887-8R. Wrar for Prices. Caai.:.gue iree- or. application.
S Ir: LEN ST. MARY NURSERIES, G. L. Tabr, Pro[p., ie S. Mry, rFa
THE LAKELAND NURSERY COMPANY
Arc, rn reonlm-z to1 Mai FREE, on appli';ioDn.
A COPY OF THEIR SUMMER PRICE LIST
t.:. in ..ad-lre I ir. m dn; .n te wa E. H. TISON, la gr, L ki .la., P .:.Ai o. Fl,..
TLRfB size los0lo0 onT Lale Kingsley. Clay Co., only $10. A
feel in ._ VY eboIce 5-acre trade for an ORANGE
GROVE cosas bill lo0.
High rOliut P.,,m L .n:-', iS lubIEr.Ui C,:1 ae. .1 Ci.thlri e C Bt I
nict-i ASen, d "-" -r.r .rinop l..r t.: ..-, ,:-r,-.,.:r rr nir P. '.j r r :r l l K II
B.nk Draft t.:.. JHN T. fALBO''Y, W.iT.nty o,..I. Title FLORIDA
periBct. from otull
r-TIp=OPICALi A-,1N"T C003ynPPA3N-T-Y,
NEW YORK & FLORIDA STEAMSHIP LINE.
TRI-WEERLY SERVICE BETWEEN
NEW YORK, FERNANDINA AND JACKSONVILLE
-teamers are appoint ti -ail from P:-r 29, E. R., N. Y., every Tnesday. Thursday
-and Salmrday.a3 p. m.
FROM JACEKSONVLLE-CHEROKEE inew,. and SEEfVNOLE, new, every FRIDAY
FROM FERNANDINA-DELA. IARE an d EMA.S.SEE :-e.rr MONDAY, p. n.., CITr
OF ATLANT.4A and CITY OF COLUMBI-, verry WEDNESDAY- p. m.
The Fr'igri aDmi Pass-eagrr Ac-'m'ruodaa r-on b7 trh Lint, arc IlLr-irrpi.o-cd by any nbhip in
the ,qLstwiTse service. F,or lu riier i- fo,'rfminior. ipply to n.
CLARENCE WAGNER, Agi., .J. A. LESLIE. Agr.,
F.rnau. .Ga, Fla., Jack:i.'nrCile, Fla... W. .r. Bay .nd Hogan.
THE':). (G. EGER. Tr.,lI.: Mnag.tr, \\NM. P CLYDE ) t O., t
3'. Br.)adway,!N. Y. ,3r, eral Ai.:-.ur, ,3" iiro.'.dw r, N. T
- ~ :.
2.,.e,~ -~ -~
GUIDE TO FIG CULTURE,
Tells how to grow and prepare the Fig, inr, IdeE.riteronr new l.g-
4COMMERCIAL SMYRNA, -
Only genuine "ig of Commerce," and rue.-i ild n n e wo.t, AI-.), Tropi.[.:l aii1.Nw Fru.ii
and tfhe finest stock of NUTS in thiecouiirru. A..irfi., r. oh Srriijp
I. L .I DA H.iRT[ICOLTURAL COM.PA.-NY
iiluler, Dae C.'ountr Fla.
Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
DUINEDIN, HILLSABOROUGH COUNTY. FLORIDA.
w e mIn k, a e-r,- alrty .:.i itb. .LJ IH,n --' e ra ;.:h, t-vii .t C, i ii-ii Ni, r-:r 7 ri e;.' su,.:a s Di. Po.ble
Ir iiPe al, Rircr-ide I. i.u e p rs:.riIliv l-ciceu rJ.y ra i pL1m r OLr .:.1ir C mpi in u a. iorni'. andi
hncit. N:t. N v I. U, i',";. : .o -, H i l' T.r iT r I] R... .Jn(fa. Al. .: Se.IJ.e gn -,,erne,
te. [In "Le -o n n6We ir Villa Fi 'r,reri, Beiair Prornim -.,0i G-,G.,u and Eureka. i ]..Taiiili
Limes, Peaene i Bidweill' I Early ete'., Puim Whnlc A.irii' Fi'I, e,.?., tc'.
Our stio.k is \-ear,- d.rt oipilete", Itrir .1, a '-i.n. Calnloane free on applicallon.
A A re A. L. DTUNL 'A Miariger, Dune,,di, c In
CHURCH ANDERSON & CO.
J-AC0 SO I-'VI-I-jT -1 IjA., :
PRODUCE AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
-" AND-- .. -
DEALERS IN GARDEN AND FI ELD SEEDS.
'We are now prepared to furnish
FRESH TURNIP AND-CABBAGE SEEDS.
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have ,a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.
Catalogue sent free on applJealion.
P. 0. Bos I5S.Jacksonville. Florida. 39 V. Bay st.
"w I'.' I =
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 31. 1887.
The Florida Farmer and Fruit Growor
A. H. CURTISS. Edi[or.
Office Cor. Bay and Laura Sts.
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
GROWER is an eigi page 46colimnin illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoaid to ih Farm,
Garden. Or.'hard and 'Household Econonmy.
and to the promotion or the agrlcultuial and
Industrial luterestso Fiorida. It Is published
Terms of Subserlptllon.
For oue year ................... .. .. ..... .. ..... 2... "
For sis m on ths ... ... ............... .. .............. I )I
Clubs of filve to one addre ... ............ 7.5.'
WIth daily TIMES--UNION one year. II ,:")
With daily TIMES-UNiON. si months i "1)
With WEEKLY TIMES. one year .... 275
O-SubscrlptlIons In all caes cash uin ad-
vance, and no paper continued aiftr 'the
explratioln of the time paid [or Toe date on
Ibe printed Iabel with wblehi the? papers are
addressed is the date to walch [bte subterlp-
tlon is pald and Is e.4ulrai-nt ton r--:- l:f 5:.r
payment to tbat date; : i the dat. I. not
changed Imminelateilr a'ei & aDneW payment,
the suibs6'rber will 1ilease notli'y us at one,
CORRESPONDENCE otelhited on all sub
jee pertalulning to10 the -pi)Ps dealt with in
thibis papir Writer;m wyafm l such 6lenatures
to telir artlelsas they niay cloose, but must
furnish tbheedltor with tieir full name and
address, not f-or publliealion but as a guarantee
ofgood lfaithlLb. Rejectedcommunicationscan-
not be returned
ADVERTISEMIENTS inserted to a limited
extent Rates furnished on application
REMITTANCES should be made by Check
Postal Note, Mbloney Order, or Ret-isiered
Letter, to order oi'
- LORtDA FAR" MER AND FRUitr GROWER,
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
FiRsr PaoE-Septen.Ibrr Work; The Japan
Chbetuit rlu ,otni.'; Fr,:,i th6 Re-.ord:
Notes on Graps; COrangg Lear Scan .; New
V&artets Ot Pear-" 'f7'r'tt.ri: ,; New
Pinm.: ifr',ni Japan ; Dryrig Frajt by C,:ld
Ar i Mla.sr.
SECOND PAG-CauniDn4 Fauloi'e-; How iie
Leu'-,>.n Col,:.'ea Peach Yellows and Car- a'u:.;
Ft-xta--Keiey PluI--Elakbir.. ; Liiiu
TaIRr. PAo--I.liae ir A.,;reuln'he; Trbe"Rid
R ros ,:iij C't,:.ii ; An A -.1V.: i:t, ...fiti Pe.':;
IutIir'5reitllt of Crn ; A Lltrti-' irow Mr.
.:, : \\'riat L'Ddi N' -,I Di-".ijuiij. ; F ,iri,.da
Foarsra PAo--A t[uJy in Na[iri-aJ E.u: 'iv-
1he BaLU in M-..toin A New Dwite of tne
Oiiaqe : Ex-perr'siear Station. Fund ; See-
nrcnal Antipathy ; The Atlanta C,.inrentlon ;
Orga nz mg otr Wv,'rk ; A W,-ldei'rful Upr-ing.
Fins PAOE-'-U' Haome Coiel; C .):. Corner;
S .The Famnijy Friend; Answer. t,) C.irreip:nd--
cnti; .,'ur Younig Fo.LkE C,:,rier
Six Pao-Fiilt'!:; Stiagger': Te HRabat of
Eating [u-i; Fecdnr, Ytiun; 6t-: k; hornn
th Bitl1: Hors Am--5,t Ho:,r-.?: Keep r-1 rtie
Fl-w ri Milk; TY-,-ur Brei-irng .,n'; Abt,-ut
C'o:.sIng S1.ielp: Tae B:.- FIv Dn Sheep: PitA-
ti you ibe Farnm: RPa'ng_ Fil! btihkaen:: Un-
fertile Eggs: CLbp.Dnc F.o-Tl' V 'Wng; Intro.
dciiciinout.ern Bees. Et.-
SrrarsNT,' PaG-Farm Mieelicadny iliia.iratecdj;
Serial Story, Tarme Eton Boy, b.r W. E.
EroBrn Pano-State News in Brtei;: On the
outbhrr, C,',aet; Sal'-T"r.:p.,:d E .,t-._;,-..n;
Sepiemi-r Wclth,-r; Late:t M.rket Rep-rts
We are shot for our files the follow-
ing dates of the FARER ANT) FRUT-
GROEWER. January 19th, Mlarch 30th'
May 18th and 25tbh. and July 13th. If
any.of our subscribers can furnish us
these numbers they will greatly oblige.
Address them to the Business Office
FARMER a&ND FRUIT-.GROWER.
&STUDY IN NATURAL HISTORY.
why it is so-because it has been worse
ridden than ever Sindbad was by the Old
Man of the Sea. Unlike Sindbad, it never
succeeded in shaking the Old Man off,
and if the F. N. A. is going to shoulder
the F. F. G. A. with the 0. M. on top of
it, we shall be prepared to drop a tearon
the memorial table'f which doubtless will
be in readiness for the occasion.
THE BALL IN MOTION.
In our last issue we laid before our
readers the result of the initial conven-
tion of.jhe Farmers' Union of Florida,
held at Lake Butler on the 30th ultimo.
We now have the pleasure of presenting
a report of the proceedings of a second
convention held af High Springs on the
12th instant. From this we learn that a
State convention is appointed to meet
at Gainesville on the 12th of October.
Just as a pebble dropped in the centre of
a lake, starts a ripple which widens till
it reaches the encircling shore, so this
grand movement, starting in the mind
of a single Floridian, urged by him on
his neighbors, communicated hy them to
the people of other neighborhoods, is
sweeping onward in an ever-widening
circle, and before many moons have
waxed and waned it will he heard of
from the remotest borders of the State.
It is eminently fitting that this move-
ment should take its rise in the very
heart of the State, in old Alachiua,
whose superior attractions have been
recognized by every race that has inhab-
ited the State. Already the Union has
spread across Alachua's borders and es-
tablished itself in Columbia. Bradford
and Levy counties. Inquiiies are com-
ing in from ..ther (counties and copies of
the constitution have been furnished by
Mr. Wilson to interestr.d neighborhoods
in Suwannee, Baker, Clay. Putnam. La-
fayette, Hillsborough, Pasco, Polk, Dade
and other counties. We hope that rep-
resentatives of Escambia, Nassau and
Monroe counties will meet together at
the State convention. Though widely
distant from each other, they have Ihke
grievances and should unite in seeking
to promote thbeit common welfare and in
devising renwedies for the evils from
which they all suffer.
Every citizen of Florida who wishes to
see honest effort have its just re-warid,
should not delay to inforij himself as to
the objects and methods of the Farmers'
Union and Alliance. This he can do by
reading the FARMER AN) FRUrn-GROWER
from week to week. In the next issue
we shall present a full and concise expo-
sition of the principles and plan of action
of the Farmers' Alliance, they being
identical, as we understand it, with those
of the Florida Union, which eventually,
no doubt, will unite with that powerful
organization, as the Louisiana Union has
done. Its representatives are at work in
all the Southern States, and it is prob-
able that their respective Unions will,
in the near future, combine to form one
great and powerful organization. Such
a combination can bring about great
reforms, if itcan bekeptout ofthe hands
of politicians. That is the rock on which
0'1.. G- n ....-.. .-..-...4 _-j ..... -..- I .
An anonymous writer for an esteemined t'e aug luuuereu years ago, au tnia auu aujoiuiUgUcounUies wouU appre- ne wantA, as character always teils ana attenit. Tae body Will prooaoly ne in the Kelsey plum na
contemporary, attempts a pen picture of that is the danger which the friends of dlate such action. Again, the evident capital knows how to trust. A reckless secret session the first two days. The berry, quince, apricot,
certain Florida journalist, and is led the Alliance should study to avert advantages to be conferred on any local- man will get no credit, and losses made leading commercial men of the State, pineapAple sapodilla.
certain Florida journalist, and is led, Alliance sou suy avert iry by the presenceol such station would on him will no longerneed to beassessed and the cotton factors of Jabksonville, pear. docoanut, pecan,
by his enthusiasm for the subject in lead to a rivalry that would prompt npon the wholecommunity. Then shall are invited to'confer with uson the 14th, almond, pomegranate
hand, to indulge in some rather peculiar THE NEW DISEASE OF THE ORANGE. liberal donations in lands, etc., which the new south arise in all her strength the third day of our encampment. Sat- strawberry, blackberry
would contribute to the success of the and show to the world that wealth of urday. the 15th, will be a public day. rieties, effects of soil
metaphors. He likens the subjectof his We regret to announce, as we do on enterprise, resources, the magnificence of which is The body will be called to order at 10 methods of culture.
essay to a frog larger than an ox, with the first page, the appearance of a new Trusting that this matter may receive beyond our dreams." a. in., October 12th. SCT E NDF1
pin feathers and loudly flapping ears, and alarming disease of the sour orange favorable consideration at the hands of THE SOUTH'S INDUSTRIAL GROWTH, C. K RAY, J. H. WtLsON, NEC .
the trustees of the Agricultural College, Secretary. Chairman. Nature of. damiag 1 do
and which by turns barks and brays, and lemon. It appears to be of fungoid I will leave the further discussion of Mr. Henry W. Grady in the course of lNATeE TrgS'A
We presume this essayist, like the Geor- origin, and such disea-es are most insid- this subject to an abler man-the editor his remarks said : "If this enormous U NAs TinR.es
gia preacher, had just been reading ious and difficult ts deal with. Thus far of this paper-who has already done revenue of four hundred million dollars A Wonderful Uprising. Planting trees for rt
pe"annumn could be kept at home : if tire The Farmers' Alliance has had a most the burning over of
"Goldsmith's Animated Nature," and Floiida has been remarkably free from more than anyone else for Florida in supplies that we e pt were raised on our rema rkalrle growth throughout the umber and .turpehin
it this matter. supplies that we eat were raised on our remarkable growth throughout the
had got the characteristics of the frog, such troubles, for the reason, we.take it, GEO. H. BROWNE. farms and articles we buy were manu- Southwest, and is rapidly spreading East tanning industry, pher
ox. dogand mulesomewhat mixed. We that our climate is not favorable to the OriEno, Fla., August 8, 18187. factured in our cities, in ten years the and North. According to our very care- life, weeds and noxious
advise himn to retire to some seque-tered growth of crrptogamic plants. They're cotton States would be the richest sec- ful resume of the order in this issue, it is N. B.-Specimens mI
f r tion of theglobe." He then showed that probarl that one million members will editor for identification.
swamp and there study the frog's anat- here in abundance, but not in such vast SECTIONAL ANTIPATHY. the cities were doing their part in keep- be represented at the annual convention desired respecting pop
omy and vocalization. Some lessons in abundance as in most other States. The ing at home this enormous revenue, of the national body at Shreveport, La., uses- ....
croaking cannot be otherwise than im- orange groves of the Mediterranean re- A Leading' Obstacle to Co-ope- There are 230,001) artisans in the South in October. -This body possesses in the FLOWER GA
poring to him. Rion suffer considerably from fugoid ai n n to-day that were not here in 1S80, and main the principles of the grange, and Plants adapted t6 tl
moving to him. gion suffer considerably from fugoid ration and Progress. this does not include the thousands that is non-political in character-but without door culture, manage
Pursuing this strain of poetic imagery, diseases, which we shall describe in the Editrlr Flw-oidn Iarm.rand JiuaUOrowr: are building new enterprises. We man- neglecting educational and social mat- house. -! 1
our modern Buffon represents this ex'tra- nest one or two chapters of ourt series One of your Pinellas .correspondents :ufac66ured last.year. $2 .t13,000,000 worthil of .ters, it gives great attention -to co-opera- AUSCELLAN.OOS
ordinary frog as flapping its ears and on O)ran-ge Cultur Abroad. under the caption, "Against Clean Cul- articles .that.six years ago, we bought tionin buying and selling. s an 'be-lants'
braying 'at a '" clean limbed and fleet We judge from Prof. Scribner's note ture." makes some good points in support fr6oi. the Nbith'or West. In. the six Its studendous growth in, so- short a Bees and. bepnts;,
ying at a ean limbed and fleet We judge from Pro. cbners notes ofhisvie.w'ofthatmuch-argued'quedtion, years following the, cotton exposition, time has.brought it to the critical stage the mulberry, -huitngj
thoroughbred," and as "barking.at a that. he considers the." scab" to be the but he errs greatly in, classing all the 173'new co'tton..mills. have .been built in of all great .movements. 'If itis to be ad dog i,vsfc'esfa
dead lion." "- If Leo should happen matrix of a sort of mold (all molds are "Yankees" as clean culture men, which the 'South;ste-Jtihg..1, -. 00'0,000.,. new. spin- permanent success, themembers and of- ti.ar b aarketin, far
"Yanees Th clean culur menesm which anU 14g_.,000rs0 o[' evr almc' h uo -t.'h'iti' fa k, ta'ic
to wake up." says he-but froggy knows fungi). In this case an effectual remedy isnat the fact by any means. dies. The Souhis witnessing today an ficers of every alliancefrom the suhr- i, ar ieng i
li is .not -ing- to wake up and- tlat he m u... -, .' ."That clean culture is good for certain industrial revolution for.which history dinate to the nationallmust' exercise inl-. i f *- anf'ticul
a. u uu u a puula vmv esm sunutanee ftaln to itnno* btom eteanuendafrbeeanc
he isno going toh ake up andt'athe muad l s. fatal to fungoid crops, at certain, seasons of the '.yar, is has no precedent. Figuies do not meas- telligence, perseverance and forbearance
can sit on the tip end of Leo snose and life. The disease, as he remarks, needs unquestionably true. No one amiopg...our ure it, and amazement'is simply limited -in working out the purposesof the order ol iii
Bhark-andbray and' warble and chirp to' to 'e studied in the fiel&dI Such abnor- vegetablegrowers would deny it'- Few by comprehiension.. during.the next three-vyears.' Co-opera- ice, f.am ba dingsh
Js heart's content: Our poetic essayist ml--se iinlf para-ti,-ion ,'-re persons, growingorange treeswould deny If the Piedmont Exposition can fairly tive enterprises great or small, must be frm mac t; 'ta, f
asitic-grbwtlisa water' 1ifltcooling:
rtuaUy admits that froggy is right, for ",, -' a" '' that during the summer: some green epitomize it, that Phow will be the mirai- 'most carefully managed upon well C.we or u I.' y cing
ts u s that i t common. aUs are exceedingly crops growing among the trees, to Phad cle bf the day. At very turn we stop he defined principles,, or they will fail. The iSeh con
, ,- .. ,.=, . -' '- .' , crops gro wing -n e 1e f h d A v ry t r w e stop hei fail .: Tp py ,, y. .
hnetellsus that he propos.es.,next April common, but they are of insect origin the ground, wonIld be. beneficial. otflow.of money. Six years ago Geor- greater their number the greater the imol e
o -shake up Leo's- remains,-"'' merge"' and-are-easily accounted fdi-" EHowAhe The greatest objectionto the article in gia bought 166,000:tons of commercial risk ofviolating.theprinoiplesof success, ,a
fiem and give thm."new.name. Leo pnculiar esciescence on whicl'som question is the animius it evinces towards fertilizers, for which she paid $7.900,000, therefore the greater the likelihood of in teatg of the ..
t..... ea w e '' id .t .th e u -gv e n: Le- soe e o thes '"Yankees," who are dersively.called eery dollar of vhch went North. Last' failure. If the alliance cadr weather the b6 .' jetsdat .'"'
b-ing dead we .esitro twisting his fuingi -grow originate, is somethingie "knbw-all ankee,!.' "famoupls Yanke,,' year she used 160),050 tous, of which 1o"5,- next three years without suffering the 'e
a, and shallsawatwith interest thedo no nt understand. There is the "cetar etc' The writer.atthe.closeof hisaricle 000 tons were made in Georgia of Car set-back wichthe hasty growth and
4i1,Th and shll, awit .c-- of whihsh hastye growt ands dge yet ieh -re
promised experiments-in-animalgalvan- bal" of more northern States. It 'seems t6 realjze.theac-fiatperhaapshe lind' phospiate, Georgia ,,cotton seel mushroom development of the grange cussion which-have t
lm. .. '.'""- hard brown ball'With ,tson'theurf: hssaids tf',andcate tstjus'- m'el and dsulphuric acid reduced froa led to some 10 years ago, .dc.-wirlbe a 'ta aj,(,omewhatit'
l b-n-b. s t set bhurg ng I -.n u naturalrirn'pyrites. Thus one State in worthy complement, helperand.rival of ". -.int: i
rIt is so long since..the F. F. G. A. top which growsoutote rancesof the ode to makeis'oiut cear. aulhe one item has checked the outflow of the old.body. .. do ,
poin .c ear, an '.'7 _- -. .. .. ,: u the one ite .a ch ce th oufo of t.. old bd W e do n -. "
of the organ, hap-been used that it has red cedar. In early spring, in wet same timre he attempts to "bluff" any $6,000,000 per annum, and will double We would. impress- upon the alliance in pi'se f\poigl
got badly.ou Iof tune. Itistonereminmds us weather, there issues from- each pit a respondent by claiming that "moat right- the capacity of herfactor.c in another men -and women what we have said e aims to favor;,are b
dfthecr nastopof the curchorgan, cylindrical elainous, orange-colored minded persons, would.take it in' good ydar. T- ent' years' ago we wasted about, the,..grange, that its.successide or Pr'didi 'f
-,.. ,=- _. .. ,L ,-^ gl. -.- -. .part." Suppose we. "turn the tables" on 3,000.000 tons of cotton seed by dumping pends upon its members. The alliance of'anaDor ac
which shUpposed to-mttate aoat.The fungus wich .otasts-a named im. and say ,6 right minded person it into.the riveror burning it. Lastyear isjust what the members make it. Ac- eiableb eay a
new. performer, moreover..is nervous Poiscoma-macropts), and at such;times would Use sicht expressions..... : we ran eight hundred thousand tons cording 'as they ,sho.w., ,wisdomene'y t' k&..
aEd- sh6os off the organ to7 the-wors the cedar -appears: as' if-" hung t-with o- -Tife writer says'-he did not .get' mad through one. hundred and forty-six .oil and Christian principle in ao'g-out0the
p ossibiead va tsage. He vJ ua. aam i- a -ges.)- .. ".: < .. ,--. "mtillinow --utdoes otsaywhoheis ad ulls, .extracting eight million dollars ..purpose of ...the alliance-j& t '
11 .till now'"3I't'. million'olr7.p ,e
t-at th.. F. G. A. is ,... .Frmta.ik cabs,&'th, it'..6..2 a~%. c at or.whatare the causes of.his griev- worth of oil refined into fourteen mnllioe success be. meapured.-'IJu h$.Io
nat tlk affasCeffee norgani- 6 af fttiomS oef4muoadpden ,u.d
at th F. F n s _". Weca"ga- .ar-he cat "m dances. If because he does not get dollars'value, and turned-bak-ckth".cot- strength'; but~the)strengfthns ..el
-- t..i eangfarthera tellm 'tam.grape inSouthFloridaaesome- remunerative price'sfor .his oranges,the ton meal to the tarmer, better for food or in numbers as indispciple,-tegrlk .or.E,.DO
'-. '- -. .. .'- ': I
". : : '. .: ':--... ...._4._
J ; .v. -"".. .-"
=- --. ., ,-.-:: : .. --- =. .o':-.-Z:v_:% : ..: -?.-.?:'. .. .. -i-.. .-. .::.- -- 7 ..: -"::-- -' -, % : - : ., -5 .:" ..' . .'.. ':...---_,.v.:. - --'- = "
, -.: :, != -: '-'J'- .6 ._- ..'. .,' A '- ... -f, ' ,,'z -, 'y. %, .; . _' ... -, ,-'-: -"N; -,"" .'-..=J ' ,,'% ': = '-;;F '1-4- "- --. % -
tive pluiu;m,;pul-. ..
. English 'wiljiut,
e,- olive, gra. "
', raspberry-._ -
d, weather,- d'tc. -
--.NGO) .-DISEASES :
mne and remedies.;.. -
N D H E R B .S - .:. -_ -
lament or uility,'":-
fores, lands, rthe-' -
io.meia of plant-:.-"
plants;,, ;' .
ay be sen'tittio th ,. s
...-,Inarimadtoti.iB. ',.,- '
RDEN." ": -'.,.
im..t" ..- ..,.,
'illkiulure and '
era'. club," tr,'s-v
produce, '"eji" :n
ants, iiii l .
g: a...p ,.- ,V.,'-
and l ted
*ie;ho'. i,irt'.fi%' ', "-.&-- .' -
,"eoMi R]p" t a
Ijdop Lt(& s ttia&--
Heo etical QU1
times weighted to the ground by an ab-
normal growth developed from their sap.
We cite these cases as illustrating the
probable nature of this disease. We
hope to hear fro u others who may be
acquainted with this new enemy of the
Let there be no North, no South, no
yankee, no cracker, among the farmruers
and fruit growers of Florid.. Let all
seek for and imitate the good there is in
others and work hand in hand for the
common weal. Then
A a b' td ,.f bri:.trners j--ii.ed,
PeL-ace an plek-ty weeah l fin.]."
EXPERIMENT STATION FUND.
The Florida Legislature Divid-
ed on Dividing the Money.
Edit,-r Fl.,rda FaT'mer and That-Grove'r-
I wish to say a few words in relation
to the Agricultural Experiment Stations
for the establishment and maintenance
of which the Fiftieth Congress of the
United States, appropriated .t.15.000 to
each State. The bill making this appro-
priation is known as the "Hatch" bill.
and readers of your paper had ample ob-
portunity toacquairt themselves with it.
It. seems that the valuable space devoted
to this matter and able editorials written
by you, are not to bear any fruit.
As a South Florida man interested in
the success of the cultivation of fruits
and vegetables adapted to this particular
region, I tried hard to have a position of
thle fund expended in this section. Hon.
F. D. Pousser, of Marion county.furnish-
ed me with a copy of the Hatch bill to-
gethlier with several letters fioma the Ed-
itor of the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
I prepared. introduced, and succeeded
in having passed, a joint resolution in-
structing the Trustees of the State Ag-
ricultural College to expeud $7 ,5(0, (one-
half the appropriation) in establishing
an Experimental Station at some place
south of the 29th parallel of latitude.
Such station to give special attention to
experiments in cultivation of fruits be-
longing to the citrus family.
This was in the House of Representa-
tives during the late sess-ion of the Leg-
islature. The bill or resolution passsedl
the House with very few votes against
it. Everybody, whether from \Vest,
Middle, East or South Florida,recognized
the justice of dividing the fund. A
station of this kind at Lake (t.would
do us, who are engaged raising
oranges, lemons, etc., no service what-
ever. and the representatives from Co
lumbia county voted in favor of the bill,
although it would send 7,4i.0 to another
county to be expended, that otherwise
would be spent in their own vicinity.
So far good; now comes the bad. The
bill was at once certified to the Senate
and there referred to the Committee on
Agriculture, Hon. A. S, Mann, of Her-
nando, chairman-and that is the last
heard of it. From conversations with a
number of senators I have no doubt of
the passage of the bill through the Sen-
ate, if the committee had ever reported
it. Why the report was not made(when
the chairman was a South Florida man,
whose section of the State was to be
benefitted'by its passage), I cannot con-
The bill giving the Legislative consent
to receiving the appopriation and ex-
pending it in the manner prescribed,
passed and Florida will get the $15,000.
There is nothing to prevent the trus-
tees and directors of our State' Agricul-
tural College from establishing the sta-
tion or as many stations as they seb fit,
at any point in the State. They wouldd
be fully warranted in establishing atr
least one station in South Floi-da, 'dd
let him trace the cause to its origin aid fertilizer than before i' was robbed of its
remove it, and thereby effect the shabate- oil. The fertilizing value of the cotton
ment of the evil. I can not see how his seed which was- burned or drowned
brother Yankee" fruit-grower is in any twenty-two yearsago is one hundred and
way culpable, as he is in the same un- forty million dollars, more than the rye.
pleasant predicament, oat and wheat crops of the Northwest
He does not show that he is the l.-ser combined. More amazing than all, in
by these follies. but by an analogy he l18i the South produced 400,000 tons of
does show lhe is the gainer. Then where, iron: in 188, 850,'io00 tons. This increase
I ask, as lie cauie for complaint against of 450(,0i0) tons in seven yearsstartled the
"the know-all Yankees?" world, but there are now in actual pro-
During the last ten yeais I haveheard cess of erection thirty-one Iron furnaces
these opprobrious epithets hurled against in the South with a capacity of 3,000
the people of the Northern States, indis- tons per day, or 1,00f0imu tons per an-
criminate.y, and by those who have num. Sothat where we increase 450,000
been most benefited by the money of the tons in seven years, we will now increase
immigrants. This is madness without 1.010,000.) tons in one year.
method, to say nothingof the inharniony Mr. Grady gaveother figuiesat length,
and bitter feeling it engenders. Besides, showing the enormous growth of indus-
itisdownright meddling inotherpeople's trial movements in the South. He then
affairs, which, tusay the least, is repre- praised the work of the Southern farmer.
sensible. If the "know-all Yankee," in who, out of nothing twenty years ago
his mannerof cultivating land. isfollow- but bare lands and desolate fields, had
ing a losing suit, on himn alone falls the produced last year a cropof $7;15,000,00).
consequences, and the ruin that must
inevitably follow must, force him to -. .
abandon his method or the country. 3 1il W
He "does not mean to show bad blood," 'f C 4-,
butdoes all the same, which proves that 1 UtION TnErE is rRENFr.
his stomach is out of order. We would
prescribe for him good "Yankee" beef, ORGANIZING FOR WORK.
and less sweet potatoes, fish and gopher.
4v NEMO. Proceedings of the Farmers'
THE ATLANTA CONVENTIONt Convention at High Springs.
I Reported for the Farmer and Frut-Grower.l
A First Annual Assembly of The Farmers' Contention held at High
Southern Farmers. Springs on ihe 12th of August was a
The co o o Sgrand success. The assembly numbered
The convention of Southern Farmers over five hundred people. The following
held at Atlanta on the 16th, 17th, and named counties were represented by
18th of August, appears from all reports large delegations: Alachua, Columbia.
to have been well attended and to have Levy and Bradford.
been a very enjoyable and profitable The convention was called to order at
occasion. The opening addresses were W o'clock. Prayer was offered by the
made by the Commissioner of Agricul- Rev. N. T. King, after which J. H.'Wil-
tureand Governorof Georgia. The time son was chosen chairman of the meeting,
of the convention was fully occupied and Judge C. K. Ray was elected secre-
with aiscussionu, addressesand the read- tary. The call of tbe meeting was then
ing of papers. read
A permanent organization waseffected ron motion of W. S. Dupree a co-
under the uame of'the Inter-State Farm- mittee was appointed to designate the
ers' Association. The next meeting to time and place for a State convention.
be held at Raleigh. The tfollowiur per- C. F. Wilson then read some letters and
manent officers were elected: President editorials published in the FLORIDA
-L. L. Polk, ot North Carolina; vice- FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWTER, which
president at large-F. M. Fiabback, of were received with loud applause. The
Arkansas; secretary and treasurer-D. meeting then adjourned for dinner.
F. Hester, of North Carolina; vice presi- Tbe ladies had spread a bountiful re-
dents-E. M. Mc.;-v, of North C.arolina; .D_ T 'mrnpil. stla
. dents-E. M t-clve', of Sou th Carolina; past. Rev. N. T. King presided at the
R. E. A ver, of South Carolina; G. Rib.had of the table.
Fairbanks, o Florida: A. T. McIntyre.of The meeting was called to order again
Georgia: FR. F. Koib, of Alabama; M N. at 3 o'clock. The committeecon conven-
Burk. iof Mississippi;LJohu Damondl, of tion and delegations made their report
Louisiana: L. T. Featherstone, of Arkan- as follows:
sas: J. A. Ruirueyv of Texa-.; executive We. your committee, beg to recom-
ccmmiitee-R. E. Parker, of North Car- mend that the rState convention meet at
olina;() P. Mills, of SouthC.arolina; W. Gainesville in encampment on the 12th
H. Sebring, of Florida: R. F. Crittenden, of October next. We also recommend
of Geormia: A. M. S. Anderson, of Ala- that each club or society be represented
bama; C'. H Robinson, of Mississippi;J. by one delegate for organizations of 25
C. Bearsiev aud B. D). Williams, oft Ar- members or less, aad one for every addi-
kansas; T. G. Cansley, of Texas. tional 25 members or fraction thereof.
A LEADING QUESTiON. And we further recommend that this
Colbnel John Didmniond, of'Louisiana,, .bodyiappoint a '-cdmmMitt-6e to selacr sdit-
delivered an address on "Credit: its rela- able gi'ounds near Gaiemvillhe fo the en-
tion to the present condition of agricul- campment, and report within ten days.
ture." In conclusion, he said: Mar we The report was adopted.
not be too willing to keep our necks in J.A. Moli then delivered an able ad-
the noose of the money king, hoping al dress, and was followed-B" C. K. Ray,
ways for uniform good' fortune.;and that G. \V. Clyatt, T. A. DukeSamuel Curr,
our occasional good fortune will save us? W. S. Dupree, C. IV. McElroy. G. W.
This is a most serious question, and we McKinney, theclosingspeech being made
should consider it for those who follow by Colonel C. F. Parker. The meeting
us, as well as for ourselves. This credit then adjourned.
made easy leads us into too large culture The Times-Union and the FARtER AND
and into reckless culture. Repeal the FRUIT-GR(OWER were represented by J.
crop lien law. Let the farmer dispose of H. Wilson, those two papers being the
his own crop to whom and' where he representatives of 'Jacksonville. Some
chooses. Let him pay his debts in the of our Savannah friends seem alive to
ordinary course as other men do. If he their interests.
fails to pay, let him be prosecuted as We anticipate a grand time at Gaines-
other men are prosecuted, by due process ville, where we hope that every club of
of lawsuit, judgment and its execution, the farmers and truck and fruit grow-
and not by peremptory siezure of his ers of the State will meet with us and
crop, as now. When this shall -be done assist in the completion of the organiza-
a conservative man can get all the credit tion. The public are cordially invited to
the objects of the union,- and efficient
generalship. Every -organization that
srriyes to bring about a unio(i of the
farming classes on this basis, as does the
alliance, deserveshearty support.-Farm
As showing the vast importance of
agriculture to the businessiprosperily 'of
the country, an analysis.of our export
trade for the last fiscal year gives about
75 per cent. as agricultural products,
against 210 per cent. of manufactured ar-
ticles, including refined petroleum. Un-
less the farmers prosper there can be no
permanent prosperity for the State or
Spealing of speculating wretches, .in
the year 178S, George Washington said:
I wish to God that soine t.g-Bof the
more atrocious in each State a-as hubg
in gibbets upon a gallows fi-7rtimes as
higlht as the one prepared for Haman.
No punishment, in my opinion is too se-
vere for the man wno can build his
greatness upon his country's ruin.....
All the leaders of the .FARMER AND
FRIrIT-GROWR should read with partic-
ular attention-the advertisement of Mr.
A. B. Campbell, the .music dealer of
Jacksonville. His stock embraces every-
thing in the musical line. which-he ells
at low-prices and on easy terms; In this
line of business-SIr. Campbell 'stands at
the'head in the State of Florida.
Hints to 'Correspondents.-
The readers of the FLORIDA FARME
AND FRUITI-GROWvER are respectfully in-
vited to contribute to its columns articles
and notes on all subjtbts pertaining to .
the farm. garden, orchard hnd-d-hoffse- -=
hold affairs. The range of topics which
will be discussed in this jotiurffa '.may be :
gathered from the subjjiihed table. which
may serve to suggest what. might other-
vwise escape attention:
Clearing land, draining land, .crops for
new land, succession of crops, intensive
farming, treatment of different soils,
Irrigation, soiling vs. pasturing, cow-
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep,
goats, poultry-Breeds, feed, diseasees,
Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn-
yard manure, guano, ground bone, su-
per-phosphate,. gypsum, lime, kaiuit,
ashes, marl, muck, leaf mould, coa- .
pcsts. .- .
Bermuda grass, crab grass,-Para grass
Guinea grass, TerrelU,- g&ss-o'orchard .
grass, red-top gras., JoLhnson grass, Texas
blue grass, pearl millet, German millet,
millo maize, kaffir corn. teosinte. ;sorg-- .
humn'fodder corn, -cow -peas, desmodi-
um; Mexican clover,- lespedeza;' alfalfa,_-.: ...
m e hl i lo tu s -" "'
Corn. oats, rye, wheat, rice--Vrieties, -
yield per acre, soil and 'season-', difficul-
ties encountered, general treatment.
Colltton-Log and Short Staple-Plant-
ing and culture, marketing,-'manage-"
ment of seed, products from' the seed.
Sugar Canei and Sorghum-Varieties,
culture, making syrup and sugar,-cbndi-
idon of market. ,
Tobacco-Vatieties, history in Florida, -
recent experiences, seed, culture, manu- -
FRUITS. ; '
Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie-
ties, hardiness and productiveness, meth-
ods of propagation, methods of planifig
and culture, comparative effects off fer-
tilizers, marketing of fruat,. pr.eser.aLi.on
of fruit, wine and other products-;. ''
Peach. pear, fig, persimmon, 'lJuat, .
HELEN HARECOURT. Editor.
With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
* Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general Interest will be
answered through these columns.
Personal inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"Help yVe one another "
Co mmuinilailons Intended for publication
mutl be ilefr, clearly written, and only on
one side of the.paper.
All matter relating to this department,
should be addre-sed to
EriroR OuR H:OME-CIRCLE,
Fla.Fat mer and Frlt -Gt.,i r,
u ttontclilr, Fla.
Our Cosy Corner. .
THOSE GIRLS. '
S,"What girls ?" Why, those gir!s that
the, Home, Circle has been conversing
about, off and on, for a couple of months
.-or so,-ervei since the 22d of June.
We are going to talk a little more now
on the same subject, though we regret
to state that, as yet. we have nothing
definite to tell as to the time of arrival
of that much longed for company of
small household help."
We are going to talk a little about it,
because we are almost daily in receipt of
such queries as this, for instance, '"Be-
ing a new subscriber to the FARMIER AND
FRUIT GROWER. I would be greatly
obliged to receive some information. ,I
S see in your Home Circle answers to cor-
S respondents-words like these: 'Ap-
plication for girl placed on file,' occur-
ring quite frequently. Now, we want a
girl very much, one about twelve or
thirteen years old. We have tried white
and black, but as-soon as they get settled
down, their parents have wanted them
for some cause or other. Will you
please in form us as to the modus oper-
andi of procuring a good-tompered,
fairly intelligent, healthy girl, through
Again, we have in several instances
been desired to "be very particular in
the selection of the girl meat. for,us, as
: we do not want any of the riff raff of
the cities but a child of good. honest
family, with good looksand intelligence."
Several parties desire young girls that
they can adopt as their own daughters.
others wish them merely as companions
Sin their loneliness, while others still
wish to bring them up to be skilful do-
It is to set all these various enquirers
Sat rest on these points, so far as it is pos-
sible at presentTthat we are going to
First,.we are as yet ignorant as to the
direction from which will come our
hoped-for bevy of giris. The subjoined
extract from a recent letter will give the
final result of our efforts to obtain them
from New York, whence we had no
trouble last fall in obtaining a stiliciency
of boys, and whence, if the steamship
companies will give reasons e passage
rates this fall. a large invtie of this
same commodity is promised.
"NEw YORK, Aug. 4th, 1887.
Your letter of July 30th is at hand. I
wish I could be of some service to you
in the matter of securing? girls for
Florida hinmeit but rj-ealJdicatnilt. We
have the same difficult re in getting
good helps, and thoseinastitutione who
place out girls have g."ifdicelty in plaiq-
ing them in ithis.Sta. s -
S'o you seeh.ho itiS.., -
Girs l a -precious thin Bdy-8
are .. ecu rtiuhe demand ig'
great ban the supply; girls are above
par, the little-.one whose par"
sto the hlH a4 -she descended sud-
de er the banisters; she was -above
hisAirrow, ,utapidly fell be-
a takmg p lace with other
d'stock -."' iped,. the tears
Ing this ma over calmly and
v, as ie importance, we
o a superabundance
Srue incident told
Sn u s ud supposingtbat
Swing the precepts
_ Sful in igatbrs in question,
S-p' e standpoint.
Mv.n entry. and beneath
S dow one' a two little children
ry busy digging, thrusting their
'des deep i to mother eartb, and
i. soil ov and over; so very
are the so' intensely eager,
'urgmg t&le boy to turn "em
now i -midf l" 'But our grand-
!. at-tep o was called to them.
++. youngstersr, doing ?"
.his head, and looked
-o'.ian ion ; she heasi-
e. abplied, excitedly :
7oed :our- grandmother,
.-The doctor-bhe saidhe
r'ry. add he's so awful
find anf'oi.e and give,
weary housekeepers, it will be from no
want of perseverance on our part.
New York is not all the world.
Until we succeed in our preliminary
arrangements, we. cannot, of course,
give the terms required from either
party; these will rest entirely with the
institution supplying the girls, and not
atall with Our Home Circle.
Neither have we aught to do in the
matter of selection for the various ap-
plicants. All that we have to do with
it is to bring the two parties into com-
munication. As soon as it is settled that
girls will be shipped, we shall forward
to the contracting institution a carefully
prepared list of applicants, and the ex-
pressed requirements of each-in the girl
desired, by which list the agent in charge
will be guided in choosing those to be
Then, if the applicants desiring a first
choice are on hand when the company
arrives (at Jacksonville, we presume),
they can select to please themselves, on
consulting the agent.
Personally. we disclaim.all responsi-
bili ty except in bringing the 'parties to-
gether. We do nbt propose, as .some
away institution, list in hand, and select.
and bring back with us those girls.
a t- 0 t n da n
The Davis Fund.
We thankfully acknowledge from F.
B. C., Morrisburg, Ontario, Canada, $1.
Previously acknowledged-"to save the
little bohr'e,." j..50. Total to date, $9.50.
In response to several inquiries from
those whose purses haveallowed thegeu-
erous impulses of their hearts to-be fol-
lowed, (for we know there are many who
would "do good, and contribute," if they
might,) we will state that of the $60 ne-
cessary to clear off the remaining in-
-debtedness on the humble home of the
afflicted Davis family, there has so far
been collected $26.50, almost half; but
it is very slow. Of this $9.50 has come
from our Home Circle readers; the re-
maining $17 was collected by the one-
armed sufferer, aided by a written
appeal, which he carried for many a
weary mile to attain this result. On one
tramp of forty miles, he succeeded in
collection but $2.50; on another two
days' walk, only -i.50. *"Such is life."
Answers to Correspondents.
F. B. C.. Morrishurg. Ontario, Canada:
Your favor received. Replied by mail
of August, '.1J. Florida welcomes her
new citiz ens.
S. Manufacturing Co., Philadelphia,
Pa.. will attend-to matter. -
H. A. K., New York: Replied by mail
of August 20th.
A. S., New York: Shall be glad to
hear from you again.
Mrs. A. F.,. Le Funiak Springs. Fla;:
Address of churn sent as desire J. also
butter-worker and l:.utter piess.
Mrs. E. L., Waldo. Fla., writes: **My
husband and I hope the exchange col-
umn.will have sufficient votes to insure
its being commenced, as we thin it-is
an exeellnfMea." There are others of
the same'way of-thinking. Let us hear
from more of our readers. Have written
in 'dccoidance with your desire, and ex-
pect soon to be able to gratify it.
P. Bros.. Altoona. Fla; F. C. S., Beau-
clerc. Fla.: J. D., Peusacola, Fla.; Mrs.
C. W. H., Boston, Mass.; A. L. McR.,
Melrose. Fla., Circulars of wonder churn.
butter workerand butter press sent as re-
C. V. S., Ormond, Fla., inquires where
good cows particularly Geurnseys may
be had. Answered by mail of 17th of
. J, EUt M:, Huntington: Application for
girl placed on file.
Mrs. W. J. N., Micco, Fla., writing of
the proposed exchange column, says, "I
beg to 'second the motion.' as I find iu
other papers they are appreciated. I
would exclia'nge plants, seeds, embroid-
ery patterns, cooking recipes, shells and
grasses with any of the sisters. I think
we often have things, say. more than
one kind of plant, that someone would
be glad of. if we knew where- to. send
them." Rightl There is no doubt-of it,
and little more, we think that the ex-
change column will shortly be establish-
ed. The --Powers that be" are chiefly
concerned on the same score that many
of our Florida housekeepers are, that of
room, but we have faith that that diffi-
culty will be surmounted Thanks for
recipe. See our Family Friend.
Rev. D. G. W., Pinellas, Fla., write's
us as follows on a subject that seems to
have struck a key-note in the Florida
heart, and right glad we are to know it.
"I am much obliged to you for those ar-
ticles about dairy farming. To those
wishing to~know what is best TO be done'
at starting, they are just such as form
sign posts to point theright way, and if
only ibreeders-of'good cattle would ad-
vertiseAtheir' stbck, with the price, we
might at once Aee'whether we could step
out, in that direction.- I will, add too,
that -if someI agrictiltural implement.
merchant"w'ould advertise that he would
-send-'chiirhinbuttewov6rke'r,.: pi'esi; and
pail arat rdduced price to aby persbff'wh'o
ordered- two.or..,more of the four kinds
nmentioned,,he. fight benefit us and- his
ow i-businessalifo.t We are so oifthe' '
'way.v-in'ant:oftts8.that it is dit1icuTrto
heariofhi.nfgsand'get them. ,"are.there
circulars of all the implementsyoiu men-'.
tiob ,w' ,' "-. .' ','- '
SYea, but. nbt anticipattig'sb sharp '*
.demand- for any exceptt "those 'of. "the
"Wonder;'l,.we-did not- artm. ourselves
.with;enoughlofthe others totoss back at
our nutnflerfs finquirers; th'e deficiency
tllit'u.n be~is'upplied. We. ,are. truly,.
prpu d -..dthan' I to have stirred.up
-such ea|ct'ihic jry into'this'dairy bu-
si e'T,_r;.'evenohitaide'f 'family .orim-
Jort,"'thlete's.tiiiUions in it" to the State
atJlarge. ;-- .-; -
:'If ourrcortlspondent D. G. W. will,
*look-overJoBo Te the recent ba'ck nm-'
beii*frthb"F.& ,'iANDF o.InuT ovi
'bew ilLtn dthe .t-.he -devei segment -of f
iatleast-oeea'nd we think miore-of ,our
Fld'rfdg'.breedersfdf choice c-&ftle? breedh-
among our inquirers on the above sub-
jects, is a mercantile firm, of Florida,
whose intention, we hope, is to lay in a
stock of those dairy utensils and then ad-
vertise them in the FARMER AND FRUIT-
GROWER; it would certainly be to the
advantage of some Florida firm so to do.
The Family Friend.
Writes Mrs. W. J. N., of Micco, Bre-
vard county, Fla,: "I send you a recipe
that my friends say is delicious, for
I empty a can of tomatoes into a gran-
ite saucepan and add 1 pint of water and
let boil until they can he mashed though
a coiandet. I partly open a 2 pound
can of roas-t beef an.i -et in the oven and
when all the fat and juice will run out
strain into the strained tomato, and then
add a goo. sized table-spo'n of con.
dense milk aud pepper and salt to taste.
This is enough for six persons and can
be made in a few minutes. If the to-
matoes can be got fresh from the garden
and sliced and boiled, then strained they
will be nice, and if the cow is handy
.add cream instead of tin milk. The
meat can be made into a pie or'a hash as
TO MAKE LARD..
Nice sweet -lard is a very Important
item in a household, and to prepare it so
that-it will keep fresh and good requires
a knowledge of the modus operandi.
The leaf lard and that from other por-
tions should be tried out separately
The latter should be used in cold weather
and while it'is new, as it acquires rank
flavor if kept lon. The lard needs to be
cut up in small bits, not over two inches
square, and put in cold water to soak,
either over night or some hours, so as to
cleanse it from the blood. Always cook
the lard in an iron kettle and let it try
slowly, and stir often, so it will not settle
down and stick to the bottom of the ket-
tle and scorch. When the scraps rise to
the top scatter over them a little salt,
about. two, tablespoonfuls to a gallon of
lard; stir it thoroughly after adding the
salt; it gives firmness to the lard, besides
causing it to keep better. W hen thescraps
become a light browu color and grow
belittle reua.ve the kettle to a cool place.
Let it stand ten or fifteen minutes, then
strain through a thin cloth strairner.
After the scraps are all dipped out into
the strainer, take a pair of squeezers
imadeof two pieces of wood cut like a
large butter paddle and tied together
-with a stout cord so as to get a pressure);,
put ae strainer with dile scraps between
these and press all the lard out. A ham
bag is a nice thing for astrainer to strain
lard, tallow or jellies through, as it is a
most convenient form to handle, and
quite the thing for such purposes. If
you strain the'hot lIrd into tin pans or
buckets care must be observed to have it
set in a pan of cold water, otherwise it
is liable to become unsoldered and spoil
th9 dish besides-wasting the lard. When
the laid is cool'*'Qin either a covered
bucket or a,.stpon~" so as to exclude
t.he:air, anud.you .will have no further
troubfehkboiut it. If you buy your lard and
there is a strong taste in it, put it into
an iron kettle and cut half a pound of
salt pork in thin slices and let it fry to a
crisp in the kettle; it will sweeten the
lard and make it keep.
Take three partridges, pepper and salt
to taste; one teaspoonful of minced
parsley, three-quarters of a pound of
veal cutlet, a slice of ham. half pint of
stock puff-paste. Line a pie dish with a
veal cutlet; over that place a slice of
ham and a seasoning of pepper and salt.
Pluck, draw and wipe the partridges;
cut off the legs at the first joint, and sea-
son them inside with pepper, salt, minced
parsley, and a small piece of butter;
place them in thedish,and pour over the
stock; line the edges of the dish with
puff-paste, cover with the same; brush
it over with theyolk of an egg, and bake
from three-quarters to one hour.
Note.-Should the partridges be very
large, split them in half ; they will then
lie in the dish more compactly. Some
cooks carve the partridges into joints be-
fore placing them in the dish. This plan
is commendable on account of the ease
with whikn the pie can be helped.
Now that the grape season is on, cut'
out this recipe for grape catsup and try
it when youtrgrapes are ripe. Any vari-
ety vwill make the calsup, and it will be
nice, but the Catawba, or tart grape are
preferred tp the Concord or? Delaware:
Let five pints of grapes simmnier till they
are so soft that you can rub all but the
seeds through a colander with ease. Af-
ter this'is done add two pints of brown
sugar, one pint of vinegar, two table-
spoonfuls eah of'allspice., cloves and
'cinnamon, one..tablehpoonful and a half
of mace, one of silt, and o half-tedspoon-
ftl of red pepper.. Put',themrin a porce-
Iiin kettle, let-them boil' lowly till they
are as thick ak you-like 'atsup to be.
The grapes must first be picked from the
otems, and be washed',thoroughly, or
they .will be gritty, and the catsup
spoiled; '! -
TO PICKLE OKRA.
"Lavithbedi,in.a brine.twdodrtHre6e days,
or- untii'triey-a;e.--salted sufficiently.
Then put over the fire vinegar enough to
cover-the "oktras, add spices to'&tadd
pour.- 'boiling over them. 'You l _
peat this-.'twice, at an iateivalg] tro
weeks.- If.'alum is.not.diliked1..sm'alU
*piece" of- it may be added'to thbelegi.r
POTATO OROQ ETT,
.Press -coli boiled' p'otatoethrt_'gh a
sieve, and' niake, into,a:..pastie _'i th
'yolk, or. if necessary, the whdle'of one
egg; season with salt and appe$hfnd
add a little mihbed, parsley. 6oul'd ilt'o
halls the size of.a walnut and roll q-fi6
,bdread-icrumbs; dip n *beaten egg a
-roll-in bread-crumbe again. Fry in hot
lard and giiFfif-'vith fried parsley. Or
LOAF CAKE. To Color Florida Grasses.
A rich loaf cake is made from this
recipe: If baked in an oven where the
heat is even you can not fail to have a
very nice cake. Use two cups of sugar.
one cup of butter, three cups and a half
of flour (sifted of course), one. scant cup
of sweet milk, a.heaping teaspoonful of
baking powder, and five eggs. Beat the
whites and yolks separately, mix the
baking powder with the flour, and after
beating the butter and sugar together.
add the other ingredients, putting the
flour in last. For the fronting, save out
the whites of two eggs, beat stiff, add
one-half cup of pulverized sugar, six
-tablespoonfuls of grated chocolate, two
tablespoonfuls of vanilla; when spread
over the top of the cake set it in the oven
for a few moments tohardcn. Buy the
chocolate wh;ch is not sweetened. The
frosting is not to be put on until the cake
is baked and is cool.
SOUR MILK CAKE.
Beat together one, cup- of sugar, half
cup butter and one egg. Add one cup
of sour milk with one even teaspoon of
soda stirred into it. Then add two cups
of sifted flour, a half ,cup of chopped
raisins, and spice to taste. .
THE LITTLE WONDER MACHINE,
Referred to in our issue of the 10th
inst., is: largely used by -the Northern
fruit and vegetable growers, for the pur-
pose of mixing emulsions' of kerosene,
milk, whale oil soap -or other similar
MULLEIN LEAVE FOR COLDS. ::
Dried mullein leaves, smoked in a, new
pipe and the smoke forced through the
nostrils cures colds and catarrh; in the
KEROSENE EMULSION. ... :
For destroying any bug or worm that
troubles vegetables, flowers or vines: To
each tablespoonful of kerosene one-
third of a pint of sweet milk and one
bucket of rain water. Chum well until
no sign of the kerosene floating in oily
particles, then fill the sprinkler and ap-
z LIME WATER FOR FLOORS.
If any of the sisters have to do their
own washing of floors, 'perhaps they
,would like to. know that lime water
waterr in whi':h air slacked lime has
been soaked poured on the floor and
swept hard with an old br.:on and then
rinsed, is an easy way to clean a floor.
It will not take repo, ut eae po, but the
last sa of dirt. Besurethatit is well
settit you will white wash your
oor. I thought of several other things,
but as this Is so long I will wait till I can
"boil down" my other ideas. As I am
one of the 'bild timers," I will call my-
self, ,. -AUNT FANNT. I
Our Young Folks' corner.
We want ltrter- from oiu-' 'oua.s. d.e,?riktiv6
or i 'ice-% lb:s, u -jr t.,in, -. Wrter ieflelar
and isat :ty, :n :'ne siVe of tbe i, s'
Cousinh-do you ever "caifl
often, and' I am pretty su fite_'
arid what is more, I am' 6f "t
that we, all of us, deserve it sab i
Just now, for instance, some &'f.tag
been taking me to task for not telling
you'everything that I might, have told
about Jack; Well, there were two or
three things that I forgot ; I confess it.
Anid so next week I will give you a little
supplement to the story of Jack, who,
by'the way, as I write, is here close at
myelbow, in her own cozy chair,. where
sh always is when I -am at my desk
eitr thibere or in my lap when it is cool
weather enough, and then she has-to lie
ver- low or her head gets humped on the
dels,. I did fail to tfl syou of some of
her funny little ways and'doings, but
thei4folks, big or little, don't like to be
overhauled because they own a good for-
gettery, do they ?
So I am just going to have my revenge
on the brave individual who has taken a
stick to me, and I will tell you what she
didonce; not long after we came to
Florila. But don't you whisper a word
of i Mo.her, or dear knows what will
happen to me, something worse than
being told I own a forgettery I" I'd'
like to know who does not. sometimes.
Well, here is what she did. I'm going
to tel on her now.
DORA DEAN'S DRIVE.
\ Hellen Harcourt bad a itster,
vWel kr owu ns "Dora Dean,"
Ant cvrerw',-hili that Helsu wentD
i HLr 'DojI e" to, wahs ieeui.
But on. e,'alas, Mis Dors to'..k
I An lIrApeideiLt streak
A. JdriTve -wy towards the town,
T he r.:.aa alone to seek.
.5,She f.-nrid it, yea ;buit coming home
s he roamed" he country o'er,
A.na starred for Ocrila, oif
SSonme thirty miles or more.
Thes.al was sinkIng in te West,
t It darker, darker grew'
S- Meatihne at home were hearts perplexed
T What knew obt what to do.
S'For well they knew the carriage wheels
S Were haky a fit e best;
How could'they lnowthat Dora'Dean'
S Was ray'ling toward, thile West?
Hoeould tihy know o'henphe hbrself.
na ci6 jI'drcvu.alongr G,. ]".
'i3 'tl,'g'ri 6gd kne d-a",--startled he-b oil
E told her'she was wronr-'
Thefi.Dori's heart gre cold and sick,; .
'"'W h 't'evet'could'she do, ". ...... -
L '-s- torL th'epiney.woods aloue. .-
., .With nor,a.housse in riew r i ,
Wyse Dbras.tntetd albout her ste.d-.
. .' 'An'd'tot td'b rick'to.town ,
V;.is-At-tome soon..iltghtoQ.' do, ..
k..Oh teDorapdean, where hasye youi eebnur'
S "The '&ntll'Bs-witchdr8'crled*, -' .
S "iW.d feared the wh.eeli,eaudJyou,.my dear,j
CSi' 'Were scattered fap'nd ^Id,. ,
.'. .To T toir'the woodi til] o'dri- 0' '
;" '..:l+ootftlK we' thought ,the'oasrage .wheels.
. .'And Dora-nere no morel"
'C W h ~lstilte, l oe'! il.Dirasald,
..',, .D,.innocent. surprise, .. ....
Skla ,.iverorfun, vou Bsee."
,uir th'leaL in her eyes.
ot for davLuer"atte was w
needss ltruthb',nfesd .1 .-
hjien Blisa Dora'sought the Nbrth'
reailwandered Wes.. :
Wt:l'l6 her on mee,
I-:='.'' .- '
TM- P~ti~'t' 't-4A: ~ -
To Color Florida Grasses.
Grasses for coloring should be col-
lected as soon as they are wiry and stiff.
They will generally color in the .best
manner if first thoroughly bleached and
softened. The dyes will then take in
delicate, solt tints, not attainable on
half bleached grasses. Nearly all
grasses may be whitened and softened
by the following process, after they have
been gathered, tied in bunches and dried:
Dip them in strong, boiling soda water.
shake them as dry as possible and spread
them on racks in a tight wooden box.
Burn a little sulphur under them and
dry them in the hot sun, repeating the
operation until they are white. For
some grasses it may be well, after they
have been bleached almost entirely
white, to finish up with a warm bath of
oxalic acid and water. Aniline dyes
will be found by far the mostconvenient
for coloring grasses. They give very
brilliant and satisfactory results. Rose.
scarlet, yellow, magenta and purpletake
very quickly, and the grasses should
therefore not be kept in the dye too long.
Black, brown, greeu and blue are colors
that require considerable boiling.
For crystalizing: a bouquet, suspend
over a tub or: other vessel, and having
made a solution of alum in boiling water,
pour it over it when scalding hot. taking
care that it reaches every part; use a
pound of alum to a quart of water, or
more in proportion. After having
poured the solution over them, let them
remain for at least twelve hours, and
then you will find them dry. with a
sparkling crystal glistening from every
Very useful vases for the hall, for the
purpose -of holding umbrellas, may be
constructed from sections of drain-tile..
Set the small end in a large flower-pot
saucer: paint the whole a dark brown or
black, and then ornament with embess-
ed pictures and two bands of gold paper.
Give it a coat of dear varnish, and you
will have a handsome vase at. very slight
expense, which is useful as well as orna-
A Wall Fan.
A pretty ornament for the wall is made
by cutting a fan out of very stiff paste-
board, cover half of it with plush or vel-
vet, put this on plain ; on the other halt
put folds of satin, lengthwise, to imi-
tate the foldsofta half-op4a-fan. Around
the edge put a narrow band of swan's
down, at the top or handle put a b!ow,
.and a-cofd'ri'd rtadIls Ib the centre of
,he-fan put'an oval or-round Christmas
card; itfshould be unfringed.
HELL POND NURSERIES.
PEACHES, PEARS, FIGO. PLrMS, KEL-.EY
PLUMS AND OTHER FRUITS.
a'End for circular. Corcular contains a.short
r.iy 6ofPiUch Culture in Florida, and hints
U c. ltui re.
".' J. P. DePASS.
'BERMUDA' ONION SEED.
- I 'have now inNew York, and will receive in a
few days. a fresh lot r of Bermuda Onion Se-d of
my owu importation. Th variety of OnIi Is
weU known to ithe garlerers of Flojrn.', having
been successfuUy grown and tested through
J. HOWARD TUCKER.
9 ALBERT FRIES,
ST. NICHOLAS, FLA.
AGENT FOR GEO. W. BAKER'S
Rotted Bone Manure.
DECOMPOSED WITH POTASH.
Price, -25 per ton ifreo on board in Jaiek-
vdle, or at factory price when delivered in New
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 31; 1887.
are also full and complete.
P OPPY SEED.
FOR OPIUM CULTURE.
Imported by direction of Dr. W. W. Win-
throp. A limited supply at Jl2 per pound, 2s
cents per :,unce t bmanil postage prepatl.
UEO. R. REYNOLDS. *
41 East Bay Street. Jack'jnuville. Fla.
R N. ELLIS,C. E. A. E. McCLtrE, Arlchjte,.
ELLIS & McCLURE, |
Architects & Civil Enginoers,
HOTELS, PUBLIC & PRIVATE BUILD-
INS, SANIrARY ENGINEERLNG,&o.
P 0. ox 7T4. Rooms? and S Palmetto Block
A tenant who undertLands the rearing and
shituiment of garden truck and fruit, tocultivate
a lirge farm and orange groves on shares. Beat
6f 'aiumook land andan a annual product of
au.ut 100,000oranges A man wibh'twoor three
bov'large enough and not afraid, to work can
hesiof a rare chance b application to the un-
ddrsi"ged, at Manatee, Fla .
,.Rof eance required. J.H.,VI .ER.
FREEE -QOENISA LE-. .pPY
Before yon decide' where to; go In SOUTH:
R. A,D send for,asample copyof
THE ORANGE ROVYE.
" You will flnd'beltter'aid cheaper bargains In
MANAT_iKCQI Y -in govagrlaii.,.ranches of
any szl/e:' "Bildlng lots odn railroad, river or sea:,
side.,Tbheproprletor of ,The Orange Grove," is
an Vold dmer, but neither moss baek'd or hide
boupd'; lie Is here to1 sta' and "There is millions
li't." Three Milons ofAoreson hls.Books.
'- :Addr~s, THE GROVE, IJVEEPROOL,"FLA.
, .orAL MPAII NURSERIES.
' ; ., '
Rare tropical,.' onaiental and'fruIt aplantsfro
'open alr'iultfore ifForlda, and for the Norther
'cre'nhousa. 'Alio;'a tll uine otvidinl-trojplo-,
iprofllcet 4 ee.o aS stomNera -.
. ; --. ;' ...- RE N aBROa .
One.Year, 810. Six onths,85. Three
Months, 8s.50. One Honth,8I.
FLOWID WEEKLY TIIEJ
ts the Best and Cheapest Weekly in the Sonut
'Contains the Creaztof theDaily for the wee .
Only $1 a Year'' 50"O
S- Six Mon -.
h-. d" -'
-' .- .. .r.- ,'. -:.; Tt,"-
.. I, ') ; l ,* '
t or ljr- gon. ttte
. ... "" ,"- ".: '-'. -i-.' -
.T BE CGB-E.A.T
FOR- THE PEOPLE.
AN EIGHT-PAGE PAPER.
Has the Exclusive Franchise of the
ASSOCIATED PRESS DESPATCHES,
ihi. Large&t ani, Only Effli;eent News Service in
[Bre oi:uht[r '. A -''.
and -the mo" tcop lete ..S
FROM ITS OWN -CORRESPONDENTS :
rm all the Leadng Cities of the Union, dar-
ing the season, are idispensable to every
Frut Grower, and are worth to each one
who has. a day mail twenty inmes
the price of the paper. Its
DR. D. 0. LYON :-I have a two year
old colt that has a soft lump on his neck
just back of the ear. It has been grow-
ing slowly for about a year and is now
the size of a hickory nut. It is not a
wart, for its head keeps in a half raw
condition, with a little blood and water,
which keeps it wet. Perhaps that is due
to his rubbing it occasionally. It is much
like a soft tumor. What can I apply to
it to stop its growth ?
(Jan anything be done for a horse when
he gets the blind staggers?. Several
horses have died in this neighborhood
from this cause, and I am fearful my
colt may get it. I shall' be pleased
to receive a reply through the FARMER
AND FRUIT-GROWER.-A. B., San Mateo,
ANSWER.-The enlargement on the
colt's neck is probably a fistula, and may
possibly be disposed of by poulticing it
for several days with a poultice made of
poke root boiled to a pulp. Apply the
poultice six hours a day for say five days.
and then apply a strong solution of oak
bark three times a day for ten days.
But if fistular tubes have already formed
between the shoulder blades and flesh, a
surgical operation will be necessary to
effect a cure. Do not attempt to destroy
the fistular tubes by the use of strong
acids, as such remedies are dangerous
and do great injury to the surrounding
parts, besides inflicting much pain.
I can not give you a remedy for stom-
ach staggers as the malady often baffl 's
the skill of the veterinary, and can not
be treated according to the varied symp-
toms that arise during the progress of
the disease, which differ in different
cases. But the malady can be prevented
by judicious feeding. Do not feed any
corn during the hot summer months.
Feed wheat bran and good oats, with
plenty of salt, and you will not have
staggers to contend with. D. 0. L.
The Habit of Eating Dirt.
The following remarks by Prof. Low
are worthy of notice:
Most commonly the habit is an indica-
tion of acidity of the stomach, and to be
corrected by improving the digestive
functions. Horses are at a special dis-
-advantage in the matter of stomach
complaints, inasmuch as they can not
rid themselves by vomiting of anything
that. disagrees, and are unable even to
: belch up accumulated gas. Then the
stomach is much too small to allow of
-heavy feeding, or the formation of much
gas without injurious over-distension ;
hence of all domestic animals the solipeds
should be fed with the greatest care and
S"Like human beings they have their
S periods of acidity or heartburn, and
having no opportunity of taking soda or
magnesia, they lick the lime from the
walls, or the earth from their pathway.
For temporary relief a piece cf chalk
may be kept in the manger, but we
should seek to remove the radical evil by
giving a better tone to the stomach.
Feed sound grain and hay ;in moderate
amounts and at regular intervals, and
don't drive or work hard for an hour
after each meal, lest digestion should
Give a few carrots, turnips or other
roots, if available. Water regularly, and
never just after a meal, and put ai ounce
of common salt in tle food and water
daily. Any existing weakness of, diges-
tion should be corrected by a course of
tonics, such asoxide of iron, two ounces
calcined magnesia, two ounces; pow-
-dered nux vomica one: and one-half
drachms;: powdered fennel seed, two
ounces: mix, divide into eight powders;
and give one night and morning.
The habit has been sometimes caused
by a deficiency of mineral matter in the
food grown on. poor soil. This can be'
corrected in the same way.
Many horses die in Florida from this
cause, and if more attention were .paid
to them we think many might be saved.
We think that many turned out to
grass do ind a deficiency of mineral
matter in the soil, as also a lack of iron
in the water. The horse feels the need
of what is lacking, and if you do not
supply it,.he mi to your sorroW.
Feeding Young Stock.
The National Stockman and Farmee
says; Many carefully conducted expel t-
ments have proved beyond a doubt that
young aninfals pay much better for
feeding than do those who have long
passed their years of growth. If this
fact were generally realized there would
be fewer old animals kept. and farmers
wduld change their stock much oftener
thn has'been their practice. .Many buy-
ers have already learned better than to
purchase an old cow or'~ pair of oxen,
because th'e know that no gain of
growth can be obtained, only a gain in
condition, and this at a cost fully equal
', to all .it will bring when the animal
is again'offered for sale.
j- Dehorn the Bulls.
While George Gosline was passing
down Superior street to his home, and'
while almost in the center of the city.,
he wh'as attacked by a vicious: bull'aid
/'- ored fearfully.. The doctors say be will
ie, The owners of the bull got him off.
t the street before their identity could be'
An innocent man gored to death by a
vicious bull. If he hadn't had horns, or;
had .been. deprived of his horns, one. lifei
might have been saved. '
.. '. A bull running at large on the streets
/. of. this town was showing a spirit of:
imeanness, when his owner, some months'
ago, had him tied-down hand is horns,
S sawed off-a thoroughbred Jersey too.,
A more quietly, disposed'anmmal' can't bie
: .. founadnbw -.. ..
Last summer an estimable citizen of
this tow-i, while leading a bull along the
streets, the animal, without warning,,
pouncedi upon ihim and gred .him dread-,.
fully, and he barely escaped with his
It will not do to trust any of theti.'
They attack when you are least expecting
it.. The gentlest, best behaved bull is the
one that is most liable to do you mischief,
for an animal known to be vicious will
be watched and avoided. The safest
plan is to dehorn the bulls.-So. Live
Hints About Horses.
Unless the farm is very stony and, the
roads rough, steep and hard, take off the
shoes at this season and let the hoof get
some natural growth. It is a waste of time
and money to shoe a plow-team or farm-
team in summer.
Ill-fitting collars are the bane of.farm-
teams; they divert the line of draft and
bruise the shoulders; they 'set loosely.
and chafe the neck. Too often the col-
lars.are too long. In this caseoneof the
zinc collar pads will shorten the collar
and prevent bruising the neck.
Muddy legs irritate the skin and pro-
duce the pustular inflammation known
as grease. This is more easily prevented
than cured. Wash the legs and rub
them dry whenever the horses' come in
wet and muddy. Glycerine is the best
emollient for the skin, but more because
it is ;easily procured., Crude petroleum
is antiseptic, emollient and healing, and
. thus prevents poisoning of the skin, soft-
ens it and prevents heating and inflam-
mation, and.cures disease when want of
care produces this too common result.
Friction with a. woolen rubber either
dry or wet as the case may be, is excel-
lent for the skin, and fifteen minutes
spent every day in rubbing down a horse
will be well employed. For all kinds of
vermin rub the hair, not the skin. with
a brush or sponge moistened with kero-
sene and glycerine in equal parts-
Keep Up the Flow of Milk.
We read a great deal in' Northern and
Western papers, says the Southern Live
Stock Journal, about when to have the
cows come into the dairy, some advocat-
ing to have them come at one season,
some another. The fact is, nature ought
to be allowed to take her own course,
and the cow ought to be milked.continu-
ously through the year, winter or sum-
mer, allowing, however, a month or six
weeks to rest and recuperate just before
the calf is due. A cowisa machine and
if it pays to milk her half the year, it does
not follow that she should rest upon ex-
pense to her owner the other half. It is
like working horse half the year and
permitting him to remain idle and eat his
head off the other half.
Where is there any sense or economy
in this? Suppose butter is low in the
summer, it is a sorry cow that will not
produce enough to pay her way and
leave a fair profit besides. We do not
like this half way dairying. It does not
pay. We would advise our dairyfriends
to milk their cows at least ten months in
the year. We would advise them to
breea these cows as early after calving as
possible, irrespective of the season. You
will find this plan to be a profitable one.
Young Breeding Sows.
Young breeding sows should be kept
principally on grass, with a small feed of
oats or wheat middlings to give them a
strong, muscular growth. They should
have plenty of exercise, and therefore a
good range of pasture. Very little, if
any, corn should be allowed them, as it
is too heating for the young blood. Food
that will grow muscle and bone is most)
needed., Linseed meal, in small quanti-
ty, is a most excellent food for breeding
sows. It keeps the stomach healthy and
furnishes a large proportion of, food for
muscle .and bone. The breeding sow
needs a large, rangy frame, and this can
be produced to great extent by the food.
--National Live Stock Journal.
Henry Stewart says that more mis-
takes are made iu choosing sheep than in
any other business in agriculture. This
is chiefly because of our hot summer cli-
-mate and the ill adaptation- of the most
popular sheep for the excessive heats of
our summers. Most people like big
things-big horses, big cows and big
sheep, and the big stories told of these
&are often delusive. Certainly this is true
M[f the large English breeds which have
'Ieen quite profitable in their own coun-
try--to the breeders, who have found
profitable markets for their rams and
lambs. These sheep have heavy bodies,
heavy, loose, open fleeces of long, coarse
Wool, and are excessively given to mak-
ing fat. To thrive they require most liber-
al feeding upon fodder crous, roots.grain
and oil cakes. But when brought from
the moist climate of England, with their
rape, angels, American corn and cotton
seed meal, and subjected to our excessive
winter cold, the dry hay and spare liv-
ing. the poor pasture and the intolerable
summer heats, they fall victims to all the
ills which make sheep an "'unhappy
flock." And yet thousands of farmers,
are misled by the returns in-agriculturall
papers to give large prices for these!
sheep, which are wholly'unfitted' for our'
climate and keeping, exceptfor the sole!
purpose of crossing upon ourmore hardy
natives.-Rural New Yorker.- .
SThe Bot-fly in Sheep.
The bot-fly of the sheep inhabits theta
frontal s'ius. of its host, where it pro-
duces the disease known among shep-i
herds as "grub in the head'' The best'
preventive isa-little- coat-tar--on the1
sheep's nostrils. 'The'maggots' of thel
flesh-fly are infinitely more trouble-
some and dangerous to sheep in sultry
and moist weather. When the weather;
is warm the fly deposits', its eggs on.
wet or dirty parts of the wool, and the
ova are soon watched, when the maggots'
immediately begin 'to burrow into
the skin of the sheep, and if left to work'
their will for any length of time, they
ivill actually eat, the sheep alive. Dip-
ping with a good sheep dip is'the best
preventive. A good dressing for de-
stroying the maggots is a combinationof
one part of oil of turpentine to three
parts of sweet oil. Various decoctions
are sold for the same purpose, most of
which also profess to be preventive if
applied to keep the fly from depositing
its eggs in the wool.-American Farmer.
~nlIr~ dnd n~.
Poultry on the Farm.
Editor 7Florida Farmer and 'Fruit- Grower:
You may take the world over, and
wherever you find a nicely kept farm
with everything in order, there you will
find a flock of .well bred, poultry, either
thoroughbred or highly gr ided. It pays
to raise poultry, and no one is better sit-
uated for the business than the farmer,
because everything that his chicks eat is
raised at home; nothing to buy, but
when grain is cheap and scarcely any
demand for it he can feed it to his fowls,
and they will convert it into ready
*cash at a fair profit, or in other words
'they will give him a full egg basket,
which means ready cash in any market
in the world.
Now, no one who has given poultry the
proper attention has ever denied that'
their fowls paid a good .per cent. even-
when nothing, hut scrubs were kept;; so
if it pays to keep these long legged mon-
grels that lay only'-two or three dozen
eggs in a year, and have to be from
three to six months old before large
enough for broilers, why will it not pay
a great deal more to keep some of the
improved breeds that wil lay from ten
to fifteen dozen eggs in a year. and are
ready for the griddle at eight weeks
old? These -arguments are unanswera-
ble, and the farmer who persists in
breeding mongrels when thoroughbreds
can be had at a moderate price, is very
little-better off than the man who keeps
But the mongrels are fast going. It
has long since been decreed that they
must give way to the improved breeds,
and their day is almost over. Even
farmers are discerning that there is more
money in keeping poultry than in any
other business according to the amount
invested, and in order to make the most
out of it they must have good fowls. and
then give them warm, comfortable
quarters, plenty of the right kind of food,
and all will be plain sailing.
J. FLETCHER HURLEY.
Raising Fall Chick s.
Fall chickens may be raised as easily
and as profitably as spring chickens if
the necessary conditions for their hatch-
ing and growth are observed.
Such conditions exist, and need only
to be followed to attain success. In the
first place we should be careful at this
season of the year to select eggs from
such fowls as have not yet begun to
itoult, because eggs laid by hens just
about the time they begin to shed their
feathers will not hatch. Neither will
eggs from hens (no matter how spruce
they look) mated with a cock that is
mouti ng, hatch. Hence we must be sure
that eggs we set now are from fresh,
healthy looking fowls, and right now is
the time to set them.' In fact, the first
ten days of August cover the period
when we may obtain the best and most
fertile eggs for hatching. After the.
middle of the month nearly all the hens
will be in full moult, and if they lay
any at all their eggs will be sterile.
It id customary with me to make the
nests for my fall setters after this fashion:
First, select a rather secluded spot in
or about the chicken house and loosen up
the earth. Then I wet ittheroughly and
place about it a wooden frare with
neither top nor bottom. Then fill i'W on
top of the wet'earth with dry dirt to the
depth of two or three inches, shapi'n, it
into the right form for a nest. Within
this space put fresh, green grass, and on
it place the eggs The result is a cool,
moist nest, that is both gratifying-to the
hen and beneficial to the'eggs. As a re-
sult nearly every egg hatches. When
hatched, however, I do not take the
chickens from the nest until the young-
est one is fully twenty four hours olh,
for I believe they need hovering more
than food during the first day of their
existence. From the nest they are taken
to a rat and cat proof canvas-covered
bottomless coop, which ts inside of a
chicken proof pen about'ten feet square.
Sawdist orsand is placed inside the coop,
and the hen and her brood deposited
there directly from the nest. The hen is
fel firet on whole grain, ani then when
she is pretty well satisfied the first feed
for the little chicks is placed,' before them
which consists of hard-boiled egg and
potato crumbled up together. The potato
is alternated with oatmeal uncooked. A
little meal is given then every other day
and occasionally a little red pepper with
their food of a morning. The hen is thor-
oughly dusted with Persian insect pow-
der as soon as taken from the nest and
twice a week thereafter for the i st three
weeks. Thechickens are fed fouror five
times a day as above described, and they
thrive wonderfully when so cAied for.
They are allowed all the fresh water they
desire. My experience has been that':
chickens hatched out the latter part of
August and given a good start at first in
confinement and then permitted to roam,
at wili'during the bright September and'
October days, do equally as -well as'
spring-hatched chickens. They will, if'
o, .either the small varieties, such as
Hamburg, Games or Leghorns, be fully
matured' and laying by the following.
March, and possess a freshness and'
beauty that the spring chickens do not.-
H. B. Geer in Southern Cultivator.
A piece of card-board about four inches.
by six inches (an old coverof a book will
do), with a hole cut in the center the.
shape of an egg, but smaller than'
an egg, makes a good egg-tester.
On the sixth day, the hen having set
'steady, take a candle at night when It
is dark, and removing an egg from the
nest, place it against the bole made in'the
'card-board, holding it between you and
BUDS 'OF THE IiAG IE PEACH
Furnished at. l per hundred;, 8 per luhi:r,..l
flve hundred at one ".h.,l",,.i r,.i..
Address, .. .
P. C. MINNICH,
S Waldo, Fla
the candle. In this way you will see by
the light whether the eggs are fertile or
not.- The fertile eggs will have a dark,
muddy appearance, and those that are
unfertile will be quite clear, no change
having taken place; such eggs should be
removed.-Cor. English Exchange.
Clipping Fowls' Wings.
A poultry raiser informs us, says the
American Farmer, that when he cuts a
chicken's wings he gets some one to hold
the bird, and he takes the wing and
stretches it out, and with a sharp knife
commences near the body. leaving three
or four of the quill feathers next the
body without cutting, and cuts all the
rest except three or four.at the tip end.
That will take the wind out of their sails
and prevent flying. The feathers left at
the tip of the wing enable the hen to keep
her eggs in place if you let her set, and
when the wing is shut up it does not dis-
Introducing Queen Bees.
Bee-keepers who have the .common
black bees and who wish to improve their
stock, can do so by introducing an Italian
queen or some 'other improved breed,
says the Farmers' Advocate. Introducing
ban be practiced nearly any time during
the season. Early queens can be obtained
from queen breeders in the Southern
States and many are imported by Cana-
dian bee-keepers who find some of their
colonies queenless in the spring. It is
not advisable, however, to take a good
queen out of a hive in early spring to
introduce another, but rather make the
change later on when queens are reared
by the bees during natural swarming.
Mr. James Heddon, an extensive bee-
keeper of Dowagiac, Mich., gives this
method at introducing queens in the
American Bee Journal, as follows : "If
I have a very choice one and wish to
take very little risk, I operate as follows :
I kill the reigning queen and put the new
one to be introduced into a wire cage
between the combs, and 'after twenty-
four hours I open the hive, and if I see
the bees 'balling' the cage (that is, two or
three deep upon it, savagely trying to
force an entrance), I close the hive for
twenty-four hours more, and so on till I
see the bees crawling over the cage in an
unirritated manner; then I pull the
stopper to the cage, the open end placed
close to the entrance, and with smoker
in hand smoke the queen and smoke the
bees by puding right in after her."
If the queen is of only ordinary value,
Smoke her right in without any of the
previous caging. I have had almost uni-
form success with the latter method what
little I have used it. Two points of caui-
tion are in order-never introduce any
workers with the queen, just the queen
alone; never open or otherwise disturb
the colony under five days from the date
of introduction.--American Farmer.
Claim has been made that eggs cah be
preserved if the air coming to them is
first filtered so as to remove all germs
therefrom. In this way the eggs are,
packed in cotton, wool or wadding, and
it is claimed that this succeeds very well
-Florida bananas are appearing on
the streets of South Florida towns.
R TADE -
_.1'b DIE IN THE NO -
Gone where the Woodbine Twineth.
Rats are smart, but "Roun ON BRATS" beats
them. Clears out Rats, Mice. Roaches, Water
Bugs, Flies, Beetles, Moths, Ants. Mosquitoes'
Bed-bugs Insects, Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
Skunks. Weasel, Gophers, Chipmunks, Moles,
Musk Bats, Jack Rabbits. Sqirrels. lc.'&S c.
R.:.,'iB .N R.r6" a e,'.n: lt,'. pFr. r rirl
and] .i.tTr.'.-r of Hen Lic ix a .'c t,:.,x of
"R,.,OH >..N reNA t., 6 apadl .r whtdwrtlib,
kpe. il i7-l irirre.l up 'bilh- apPlinZ hite-
w a.:t th h r,:. it j h- ri r .f [th r i h, i 'ye ; r.,i de
ain.J ori.j,Je f A h ers Tbhe ,:re Is ra.e.ill
co POTATO BU6S
For Potato Bugs, Insects on
S' ';e, Shrub-, Tr-ess, 1 pound
or haf re c.:.-Er.st of a $1.00
Sox of "RouGH ON BARS" (Agri-
/]ff cultural Size) to be tloroighZly
mixed with one to two barrels
of plaster, or what is better air
slacked lime Much depends
Supon thorough mixing, so' as
to completely distribute he golison. Sprinkle
it 0oi plants, trees or shrubs when damp or
wet; and is quite effective when mixed with
lime, dusted on without moisture. While in
its concentrated state, it is the most active
and strongest of all Bug Poisons; when mixed
as above is comparatively harmless to ani.
mals or persons, in any quantity they would
take. If preferred to use in liquid form,atable-
spoonfulof the full strength "BOUGH oR BATS '
Powder, well shaken, in a keg of water and
applied with a sprinkling pot, spray syringe
or whisk broom, will be found very effective.
Keep it well stirred up while using. Sold by
a.i Druggists and Storekeepers. 15c., 25. & $i.
E. S. WELLS. Chemist, Jersey City. N. J.
Plymouth Rocks, Wyandovtes. Brown
Leghorns and Bronze Turkeys.
GOOD FOWLS FOR SALE AT ALL TIMES.
SEGGS IN EASON.
Won all the Leading Prizes' at the
North Mississippi Poultry Show at
Water Valley. Feb. 9 to 12, 1SS7.
FariTer.' ;wistng to unprove their stock can
get SPECIAL BARGAINS :.C me. I also sell a
P. ultrr Journal-arn B.":.'s at Reduced Pnces.
'.n'oj for 'aitalgue asi Price List, fr':e ; or
write for wants.
Pleas ze nmnri,,o this paper.
Suited to the Soil and Climate of
Grown and for Sale at
SAN LUISANDANDA MLUE IA
Near TAL'LXHASSEE, Fla.,
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Send for C'atalogu and 'rier 'arly. -.n, si ,:.,
for Pncr- Lit .,f
...... LITTLE LIVER. PILLS.
E LT. WF BEWARE OFT IMTTA TTONS!i
.0 0 Always ask for Dr. Pierce's Pellets, or Little
OO, 0) Sugar-coated Granules or Pills.
BEING ENTI[RELK VEGETABLE, Dr. Pierce's Pellets operate without disturbance to the system,
diet, or occupation. Put up Ina glass vials, hermetically sealed. Always fresh and reliable. As a
LAXATIVE, ALTERATIVE, or PURGATIVE, these little Pellets give the most perfect satisfaction.
Bilious Headache, Dizziuess Con-
stlpaliou, indigestion, Bilious
Attacks, aud all derargoments of the
stomach and bowels, are promptly relieved
and permanentlv cured by the use of Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Purgative Pellets. In ex-
plsnarion of the remedial power of these
Pellets over so great a variety of diseases,
it may truthfully be said that their action upon the system is
universal, not a gland or tissue escaping their sananrre influence.
Sold bv druggists, for2; centsa vial. Manufactured at, tre Chem-
ical Laboratory of WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICALL AssoCLArtoN,
FOR A CASE OF CATARRH W
SYXPTOMS OF CFATARRH.
Dull, heavy headache, obstruction of the nasal passages, dis-
charges falling from the head Into the throat, sometimes pro-
fuse, watery, and aorid, at others, thick, tenacious mucous,
purulent, bloody and putrid; the eyes are weak, watery, and
inflamed; there Is ringing in the ears. deafness, hacking or
coughing to clear the throat, expectoration of offensive matter,
together with scabs from ulcers; the voice Is changed and has
a nasal twang; the breath Is offensive; smell and waste are im-
paired : there is a sensation of dizz.ness, with 'mental depression
a hacking cough and general debility. However, only a few or
the above-named symptoms are likely to be present in any one
case. Thousands or cases annually, without manifesting half of
the above symptoms, result in consumption, and end in the
grave. No disease is so common, more deceptive and dangerous,
les understood, or more unsuccessfully treated by physicians.
By its mild, soothing, and healing properties.
R. SAGE'S CATARRH REMEDY
OUR= TEM WORST CASS 'OF
Catarrh, "Cold In the Head," Coryza, and Catarrhal Headache.
BOLD BY DRUG.GISTS EVERYWHEREB,
M.-E..al.S.ia. 5O CSJ.E.mcy .*d..
''"n Wn.1LIAms RA.mCnc, Esq., of Minden, KEar-nc County,
S l v Netrn.shn. writes:- "I was troubled with boils for
S| thirty years. Four years ago I was so afflicted with
ti i I t hem at I could not walk. I bought two bottles
I URD. I of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Purgadve PeUet,. and tools"
one l Plet' after each meal, till all were gone. By
that time I had no toils, and have had none since. I-have also
been troubled wimt sick headache. When I feel it coming on,:
] lake one or two 'Pellets,' and 'am reheved of the headache."'
Mrs. C. W. BROWN, of Wapakonita. Ohio,
i HE BEST says: "Your 'Pleasant Purgative Pellets' are
_- without question the .best cathartic ever
i'ATHIARTIP sold. They are also a most efficient remedy
i A-inA ni u. for'torpor of the liver. We hare used them
for years in our family, and keep them in
the house all the time."
WHICH THEY CAN NOT CUE.
r."n,' w. HA5N R. the famos memer.
u years ago I suffered-untold, agonyfron---
FRhM lATARU ohronio nasal oatarrh.,, My ; ph al.; s
FROM OATARR. cla gave up
S=must die. My case waa.eh'a,,d 'one,-
that every day, towards sunset my voice woWd'become'soihoarse ,
I could barely speak above a whsp. In the morning my cough.
ng ad clear of my throat would almost strangle me By the
use of Dr. Sages Catarrh Remedy, in tree months, I was'a well
man, and the cure has been permanent" .
CONSTANTLY Sat. L o, : was ac =.ti .9
i ,, Li ferer from catarrh for three.years.- At.
HAWKING Nl i times I could hardly breath,, and .wa ,con-
1 R' ...... sl y haw.Ing- and spittig, and for the .
SSPITTI 1 ast eight months could not breathe thrEugh ".
|" t .* o ithe ostrils. I thought nothing could
Dr. Sage's Catrirh Remedy, and I am'now a well,.man. ::b
Uleve it to be the only sure remedy for catarrh 'aot manutfa-
tured, and one has only-togive It a fair trial to experienou "
astounding results and a permanent cure." .
.5.. IIQBB5 ,u RIJGunan P.0 OoliTumta 00(4--
THREE BOTnnTr i, a l"My daug hter ad ate whwi -i
I.n 11 O ewas five year-.old, very ..abad.. f;
iUE OTAR. o Dr. .age's Caa rh"Rme. adv .
uURE TilAl1H1. p eda a bo or a
a. permanent cwre. She Is now eighteen years old adud sou--
S .- .' -
. ., .#._. *-- ^ ,
FLORIDA FARMER, AND FRUIT ,GRO WE AUGUST i,1887.
Faucy Ponlt? and u Dlin_ o.s,
Egg: For HatAhding Firrm Lead in; Va-
rieties of D'-'mesticateld Laue.l
an. Water Fowl.
----$1 E, 13--
Also Thoroughbre'i Your0igSvtiersarnd l..-.6.
Address VILLA, Z..ZA. POiLTsV Y.ARDS,
Mississippi Valloy Poultry Yards,
J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
Breeds Prize Winning
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.A UGUST1 .'1887.
SUGGESTIONS ABOUT THE SHOEING
OF HORSES IN SUMMER.
A Hammock Tent Impervious to Mus-
quitoes and Fles-Directions That In-
sure Success in Booting Cuttings-Drain
Pipes and Sewers. .
There is no longer any necessity for
urging the importance of drains and sew-
ers for carrying off the waste from houses
and the surrounding grounds, for every-
body admits this iportahce. Very many
persons, however, with the best possible
intentions lay their sewers and drain pipes
1b such aay as -to augment instead of
decreasinM the evils for which the drains
,were d,.ed. ,
Z,, ..' /",, '. %^ ':" "' *'" '
'/. .. ;, '", ',.i/l .' 'fi / / /;, ',, ".*' '. *,,/ .'. '.
-'.., .. / '. ,/ '. ,' / !
,, ,- -, :,,Y ,... Z:-..---H-- :- -
PERFECT AND LIMPERFECr DRAINS.
Maypr Wheeler, of Auburn, N.- Y., in a
painphlet recently issued describes, with
Illustrations,;--the dangers which often
arise from badly laid sewers and drain
pipes. A common, mistake is the one
reprsented in the first figure shown in
the cut. As will be seen, the cement pipe
is badly laid, the projecting collars pre-
venting the sections of the pipe from rest-
S lag on a sufficient support. The conse-
S quence is, the earth above the pipes cracks
apd bi-e.iks them, allowing the leakage of
impure water and tbe escape of f-rd air
.. through every opening. The r--niaia.u fig-
ure show' a pipe properly laid, b-ing coni-
pacti-7 bedded In earth so that the support
is ample for the pressure, and brer:-ik:i ,
In consequence, cannot occur.
How to Root Cuttings.
Many plants may be propagated with
ease from cuttings, provided one knows
just how to proceed. Susan Power, in
American Garden, gives in detail so-m-,
exceedingly careful directions, fromrn which
S the following points are gieaned: The
.- pots and soil, or cutting bed, should be
-made ready beforehand, so that slips may
be pro--mptly placed therein as si:o:u ,'s cut.
The best cutting is ashootofnewgrowth,
just before it grows woody at all- or
fibrous, but will snap off clean -without
S strings. This should have three buds, if
..: possible, though one leaf and leaf bud uvidl
start in good care. Roots start from the
bud at the base of the leaf s-:oner than
S from any other part. Take off all leaves
for an inch or two and stick the cutting min
cand to the lowest bud. The essential
thing is to keep cuttings entirely fresh till
planted by setting in water, or, what is
better, tTalpi-g-them lightly in a moist
cloth. The loss of their sap by evapora-
tion before or after setting is their death.
Boxes three inches deep, half filled with
sand and a light miLxture of fibry soil or
leaf mold, faced off with an inch of pure
sand, make good cutting beds when a
number are to be struck, as with coleus,
alternautheras and bedding plants gener-
ally, when one want plenty to use and
some to give away.
For a few cuttings, the best thing is a
six inch flower pot, the drain hole plugged
-with a cork, two inches of broken bits of
crock laid In, and a porous pot, half the
size or less, set within the larger one and
kept full of water. Between the rims of
the tWo pots, which should be on a level,
the-I space is filled with sand, min which the
cuttings are set against the outer rim and
well wet. The draining from the inside
pot of water keeps the cuttings always
moist, and they hasten to root. Sand is
best, being easy for the tender root
threads to enter and free from decaying
particles, which in soil cause cuttings to
rot atonce. But when the first roots are
made known by the freshening of the
terminal bud or shoot of the cutting, im-
mediately pot or change to richer soil that
has food for the plant, or it will lose
strength. Prompt planting must be given.
: Shade all cuttings for the first day or
two,.until the first shock of the change is
over. When danger of flagging is past
give cuttings the stimulus of light, shad-
ing from .hot sun and wind. Seeds and
cutrihng neVet start more- delightfully
than under shades of oiled paper tied over
the pot or tacked ou the box. For open
ground, frames with oiled cotton covers
should-qleused to protect tender cuttings
from cb4dges bf temperature. -
*': ,uL .^ -
.- ~.- A AMATEUR PROPAGaTt.O POT.
S-.' : Cuttings of quick growing- firbaceous
'. plans,hlike'e'loropet verbeis, phlox andI
ali- ternanthera., roo quickly, chrysanthe-
-- mums'soonest of. all. Nearly anl plants
:-':- :: root -besi.'sprlng;- still-there is no month
', -. be .- ncuttings cnfinot be rooted-'with care.
-.. :Choose:'cuttinga--hen the-plant, is' most
..'.:, : vigorolnu&;-'nad,tfakel-btrfong-'shoots;- that
.": have;tamrina,;to start well6 Burwflwith all
.- ',' nttfngs'tom herbaceous or wooden plants
.the fule-i mst L'e to keep' the' -roots. warm
L.. nd -the.fp o cool., Almost 'any shoot or
lip =: wilLgrow "set o-'imst- sand 'over hot
"- --.- .sipes- with l.topk.t -in .cool a.- A
ox"--e: r-'3.-:,..f.-_ soh .e 't ~tprater-or hpot bricks,
^". --r- r-. .. ...'* -._ -. _
_ -" T .. = 4 "- J e .. -. .' 1 .: :
in a cool robin, where the sun plays freely,
but does not strike the'plants, is as good a
start for cuttings asyon can find.
A Dog Cured of Sheep Killing.
"A few years ago,". writes a New York
Tribune correspondent, "I saw a dog per-
manently cured of sheep killing. Its
owner tied him to the neck of an old ram,
leaving the rope between them about six
feet in length; not long enough to permit
the dog to jump over the fence and hang
himself and perhaps strangle the sheep
too. It occurred in a small field; The
sheep made several passes at. the-dog,
which the brute successfully dodged, the
dog all the time. pulling and .working- his
way to the fence; arriving there, he made
.an effort to scale it, but the rope held
him, and at that moment the sheep gave
him a whack which made him '"ki yi" for
crtain. The dog then settled down in a
corner of the fence, growling anid appa-
reintly bidding- defiance to his antagonist.
The sheep stepped back, got the range oft
the canin.- and like the "animated batter-
in.z ranL" he was, gave that dog a blow
which seut him out of his' corner In a
hurry. The dog then kept in the'open
field as the safest place. After a little
more'smrmmning tne owner unyoRea tnis
unmatched team. The dog lived for sev-
eral years after, but never molested sheep.
Tips Versus Horseshoes.
rn many cases tips, or a partial shoe,
are to be preferred tk) the full horseshoe;
indeed there are
many, i instances
in which farm
try roads need no
shoes in summer
and are better
ent in American
tells -of a hoerse- p(
.he owned that P rIR ou,-AES' FEET.
had, hard. dry
hoofs and contracted 'feet,' which was
,caused by a natui'al tendency,:increased
by shoeing with high calks.
For want of use, the frog had withered
away, and the horse was always lame.
The shoes were taken off, and tips (see
engraving) only were used. These were
thin plates, reaching around the fore half
of the hoofs only, to protect the toes from
wearing away. The frog and the heels
thus caine to the ground at every step;
the -bars were able to spread, and the
proper functions of the feet, -to preserve
healthful action and growth, were. given
full play. The horse soon became sound,
the frog grew healthfully, and the feet
wire il ned-e.t order, while the expense
of shoeing nwas greatly re.luced.
The. present area In corn is about 'IS,-
ep(H)IIrt acres, equal to the entire breadth
of aralblo cultivation of the bTnltey States
twenty years ago. There has been a de-
cided change from wheat to corn in Kan-
sas, Iowa, Nebraska and Minnesota.
Even in Dakota the percentage of Increase
In area is about as large in maize as in
There has been a heavy decline In the
condition of winter wheat In Kansas, a
material reduction in California, with
some loss in several of the southern states.
A somewhat serious decline has also on-
curred In spring wheat, caused by the
chinch bugs and drought.
The average condition of winter rye is
reported at 88; of spring rye at 4.38. The
general average condition of barley is
852. Oats are in excellent condition In
New England and the middle states..
From Mi.ssissippi westward the 'crop was
harvested generally In low condition.
The status of the cotton crop has not
declined since the last report. The aver-
age condition is 97, which is four points
higher than the average at the same sea-
scn in the previous ten years.
An Inexpensive Luxury.
A good hammock is a luxury that ought
to found iu every section of country dur-
ing the summer season. The cut shows a
contrivance by which, with small, e-
pense, a double luxury may be gained,
viz.: a hammock inside a tent. The tent
part of the arrangement will be especially
appreciated in localities where flies. mus-
quhtoes or gnats abound. A World con-
tributor tells how to make it.
A RAMocK TENT. -
Cut four strong sticks 6bout'flve or st-
fet long and as thick as one's arm. Point
theeRand. drlve- in'the ground iu form of
a parallelograd. Tie a strong rope-hbe
tween the end sticks and fasten the ham-
mC-k to them.- If the tops of the sticks,
arel bent over and tied together-'Ta large
square of netting may be thrown over. to
protect the sleeper from.: insects, -.or, a
square of canvas In the day-time-rto -keep
-off the glare of the sun. '-
SThe hammock here illustrated 14 muade-
of barrel staves lashed to two pieces of
strong rope about eight feet long.. In
place of this can be substituted a twine
or other hamnfock, such as are for sale'at
the'stores,.but,thbo -home made contrivhOei
will be found -much 'better than none at
all. '- -
It is stated by one who claims to know
that the farmers in the northwest who
are' making money are by no means con-
fined to the "bonafiza class." There are
m-any instances .in-.which a few acres, well
*tilled;' give far better results ihan a larger
- farm-receiving less attention add'cad' .-.
An earthen floor is the best for poultry
-houses: 2 -
: en mil Sf ding.
THRE B TO BOYS,
BY W. M. NORRIS.
One morning not lo-ng after this, Jim
did me the honor to breakfast with me,
and gave me an account of his first inter-
view with Lady Bracknell, winch amused
me very much and contrasted favorably
in point of style'with his epistolary efforts.
. "I th.ooudbt,"said he, "'that I had better
cal andi get it over; so I went to Wilton
place about (f o'clock in the rifternoon,
hoping that she would be in the park .and
that I might leave my'card and retire.:
But as sh" WAS at homn, 'I had to march
into the ,drawing roo.t, feeling a littleeshy
an]d awkward, don't you know, as one
does after spending such a long tine'out
c-f reach of civilization. I dare say I got
rather red in the face, and I was horribly
conscious that my boots squeaked. There
were a lot of men in the room, young fel-
lows with bo-uquets in their buttonholes
and very high collars-I hear you call
them 'mashers' nowadays-and they all
op-ned their eyes and mouths at me,
which was like their impudence. I con-
fess that they made me uncomfortable at
first; but after a bit I recollected that if I
had ordered the eldest of them to run up
to the Brocas for .me eight or nine years
ago he would have put his best leg fore-
most, and, that set me more at my ease.
Besides, I almost forgot them from the
moment that Hilda began to talk to me.
My dear Harry, what an extraordinary-
what a miraculous change! You never
prepared me for anything of the sort."
"I told you that her hair had become
debdse ft-romi gold to copper," I remarked.
"If I di-iu't prepare you for any more
startlinc- change, it was because I must
i,- n that I Can't detect any." :
. "C.,iin't detect -anyl Do you mean to
tell m_- that Lad-iy Bracknell is the same
woman as Hilda Turner? Oh, I kho-v
what you are grinning at; you think the
change is in me, and that there never was
aniy sicl, person as the Hilda whom I was
in lTe rv. itih. Perhaps you are right; but
for all that, she has transformed herself
into something very unlike what she used
to, be. She doesn't look a day older, and
speaking impartially--as. I can now-I
should say that she is prettier, if any-
thing; butoh, dearI I didn't like her ways
of going on at all. She is quite the mod-
ern great lady; she has allithe fashionable
slang at the tip of her tongue; and she
sail things which-which-well, I hate to
hi-u" 1-i]'li-hs:y such things. And itstruck
me that t'he mashers were anything but
respec-tful to her. As I listened to her, I
wondered how I could ever have been such
an idiot-but no matter! You said she
wouldn't fa:ciaate me, and most certainly
she didn't. I am quite cured, Harry, and
I suppose I ought to be very glad, but
when one has nursed a complaint for
years, It makes one feel rather queer to
I-'e it. all of a sudden. The sensation is
somethingg like having a double tooth out.
It's a good riddance, of course; but it
seems to leave an enormous gap behind it.
Well, those young swells took themselves
off, one by one, until she and I were left
lone, and then-do you know what she
"To be sure I do," I replied. "She
drew her chair close up to yours, put her
bead a little on one side, gazed pensively
at you, and presently gave tou to under-
stand that you were the only man whom
she had ever loved with pure affection."
"Oh, no; she didn't go quite that
length; though I must say- However,
perhaps I ought not to tell you."
S'"I du not see the use of having a tried
and trusted friend if he is not. to be let
into your confidence. I think you decid-
edly ought.to tell nme what she did," said
I. For I wanted to know.
"WeUll," Jim continued, "she began by
abusin- Bra:cknell-said he was a drunk-
ard rind a spendthrift, and that he ill
treated her, and I don't know what all.
Fruncy a vw6omt speaking about her hus-
band like that"
Evidently this was a new and distaste-
ftid e-xperience to Jim. "Perhaps it was
true, though," I suggested.
"If it was, she ought to have been the
last person to say 3so," returned that hard
hearl.-d Jim. "But, between ourselves,
Id,,a't believe it wAis true. She has told
me untruths before now, and why
shouldn't she tell them again; I tried to
stop her; but it wasn't a blit. of good. She
went -n about her marriage having been
a mistake, and 'about her having been
drawn into it and tCaving repeuted..when
it was too, late, and so forth. Do you
suppose she says that sort of thing to
I replied that I really didn't know; but
that probably she endeavored to stilt her
convmtsa[.-on'to het auditor.
";Hr conversation didn't suit me, at all
ievenIts;" returned Jim,. emphatically.
Alid.then'he'told 'he'bhoit Bracknell had
- beggd. hi'pardon In a Very" frank and
mnTiilyway for the .wrong that. he had
.done him six.years before.
-' ",'Ient to call at, Piortman square the
next day," he continued. "Poor old
- Loird StaInes-was-always'-indd to meewhen
.-I *as ahboy, andI think It.amused him.to
lnetr all.aBout my adventures. He wanted
.to know .whether I had.seen little Sunning
.-ye,%-and. began to brag-'about the boy
ahd .'his.,pluckand his.beauty very much
as ,he. :useditp brag about- Bracknell long
ago. -Poor old fellow. It was rather sad
to hear hinm. He -said, 'I -hope you and
?Brack-ell, have.made .it up,'"and-when I
-told-him. that w- had, he. muttered,
'That's" tighti--that's tight.: Old friends
oughtn't to quarTel about a woman.
-Women aren't worth quarreling abhut;'
Alter which he pushed his-chalr back and
made A little bow to Lady Mlldaed. 'l
don't meash you, my deair,'he said; 'you're
worth your weight i-'gold, as everybody
knbws;.' :-I remember your mother used
-always to be6|ciling me that Lady.Mlldred
:-was plrtfectiou,n"b;bt somehow l-never.' no-
ticed" "in'those days how pretty she was. I
- suppose I fhad "only e&es for obe prsbn
then. -Ah!-well, times are-.'changed, I'd
.Z ,-- v -
- -= ,=- .- -- .' .. ." -. .
very much rather talk. to Lady. Mildred
than to Lady Bracknell now. I had a
long chat with her while her father dozed
over the newspaper. It was pleasant to
find that she hadn't forgotten me at all,
though-she said she -would hardly have
known me with my beard, which she
didn't consider an improvement."
"Is that-why you have shaved It off," I
inquired- for indeed Jim's loug thin face
had 1.',n drpri-ed :f that ornament.
"Ob, well, onr? doesn't want to look
more like a backwoodsman than one can
help, you know," he answered. "As I
was -aying, Lady Mildred and I had a
good talk and discussed you all, and en-
joyed ourselveS- much, until one of
Lady BrUackneWmahers cAme in and
interrupted us. A fellow called Beau-
chamop; do .vo:u know anything of hlmr"
"Alfred Beauchamp," I replied, "is a
young man whom everybody knows some-
thing about, by reason of his being quite
in the front rank of eligible bachelors.
His rent roll Is said to exceed 40,000 a
year; also he has coal mines, which, I be-
lieve, are expected to go on increasing In
value. He is the only surviving son of
the late Lady Stalnes' brother, and In the
event of his dying without Issue, the
whole of his property would pass to
Bracknell. As it would be dangerous to
cunmt upon his doing anything 3so obliging
as that, the famruily have decided to marry
Lrnm to Lady Mildred; only I imagine they
haven't ventured to tell him so, because,
of course, he is his own master, and he
might insist, upon his right to choose a
wife for himself. Did Lady Mildred re-
-ceive him wellP?" -
"I don't know what you call receiving
him well," answered Jim, looking. a little
displeased. "She was civil to him, but I
didn't stay long after he came in. I must
say he struck me as being rather a young
fool and certainly not good- enough- f:or
her. Do you suppose that she wants to
:Lady Mildred is a dutiful daughter,"
I replied, "and Lord Stainesis notoriously
in embarrassed circumstances I can't
iity for certain what sbe may want, but I
think I can form a pretty shrewd guess
at what she w-ill have to doc. She is not
so very rmuiich to ie pitied, after all. There
are very few girls in London who would
refuse Alfred Beauichump, I can tell you."
."Ah, you're just what you used to beI"
exdn.l;ued .Jim, impatiently. "Why should
you always take such a-delight in repre-
sening that everybody is selfish and sor-
I pointed out that I had made no such
general arraianment, and that so far as
Lady Mildred was concerned, I had meant
to imply that, if she married her cousin,
she would probably do so from motives of
filial and disinterested affection; but Jim
did not seem disposed to listen to me.%
"I dare say you know more about it
than I ov," he interrupted. "Anyhow, it's
no business of mine."
I did not te.l him that I had reason to
doubt whether po-or LadyIildred would
be happy with Beauc bam p:'Nly mother still
mauitued thar the girl's heart had been
given past recalling to Jim; but it would
have been ar pity to hint at such a state of
things; because he was evidently a little
smitten with her, and it, was quite certain
that she could not now accept him, whether
he wore a beard or not. So I agreed with
him that these projected marriages In high
life did not concern humble individuals
like ourselves, and suggested, by way of
changing the subject, that we should drive
up to Lord's to see the Eton and Harrow
match, as we had previously arranged
Jim and I threaded our way, grumbling,
through the deep fringe of spectators,
whose persons and vehicles effectually
prevented us from catching a glimpse of
the game, and, having been provided with
tickets by a member, were about to turn
these to account when we were arrested
by hearing our names called out in a high,
clear voice which was familiar to both of
us. From the open carriage in which she
was sitting, surrounded, as usual, by
fashionable youths, Lady Bracknell beck-
oned us to approach, and we could not do
otherwise than obey her orders. Her lady-
ship was clad in Eton blue from the crowu
of her head to the sole of her foot, and very
becoming the color was to her. She at-
tacked Jim at once.
"Come and talk to me," she said; "I
hav':- a thousand things to ask you. You
.don't want to look at that stupid cricket,
Jim, with a self assertion for which I
should not have given him credit, replied,
"Well, I came here for that purpose."
Bh't probably the reluctance of the fly acts
as an agreeable stimulus upon the spider.
"You shall ho and look at it presently,"
Hilda said, and signed to him to get in
the carriage beside her.
So I left them together and strolled "o,-'
feeling truly sorry for poor Jim, because I
am sure thit it must be a most unpleasant
thing to be obligc-d to talk toa woman
with whom you have once been maidly in
love and whom you'love no longer.
-I had nbt proceeded very far before I
came upon the Staines party-old Lord
St'aines lyIdg back in his carriage, propped'
up by cushions'-which kept slipping'down
and demanded careful watching on the
part. of Ladyk'Mil.rdd-; little Lord -Sun-
ning, standiig upon his 'gandfther'-:
knee to-get a'better view of the gamie;-andt
Alfred Beauchat'pj'ldaning over the car-
riage door aid !blowing -cigarette smoke
In to h is c o ts hn 's fa c e '" .:! ,'
I stopped to' speak, to them, and Lord
Staines said, "Soe-your friend Leigh 'is
back again at last, is' het-back at last
eh/', Stupid fellow if he'had stayed at
home, he'd have got oveat his disappolnt-
m'int sooner and t~tanked Heaven-for It.'
I see more than that young woman fancies
-more than she fancies by a long
wayv." ":_ ". -"
The old gentleman had'contracted adis-
quieting habit of thinking aloud. He
went on muttering to-himself, now,- and I
dare say that' If- his remarks had been
audible, -they would- have been found to
be uncomplimentary to his daughter-in-
law, whom he: detested; but who, never-
theless, had .reduced him to a state of tol-
erably complete-aubjection. Lady Mildred
,looked- a little nervous,' I .thought, arid
went onhtalking.very faat tQ-Bdauchamp,
.a fair com pleiiond '.young i mau;v--hode
-con versational powerss .wereihot brilliant,
yet who was -bv no means, such a fool as
Jim had hastily assumed:him to be. ,It ISTRICT C H O S '.
struck me that he-was bringing his mind I.lJIL'O L.
to bear upon the thought that it might be.: .. :
a good thing- if-.he, were to._marry his THE PERILS AND DIFFICULTIES OF
cousin and that he was succeeding very E PE AND IICLTI
fairlywell.' :TEACHING FORTY YEARS..AGO. :
i However, his attentions, if such they --
were, were soon interrupted. : Little Sun-
rling, who was rather a'friend-nf mine, A. Chicago Journalist Gfves a mBt of His
had clambered from his grandfatLher's :. Pedagogical Esperience in Taming the
knee on to my shoulder and had just dealt ,Juvenile Mlenagerie at the Cross Roads
a rebounding blow upon the top of my Sc hool House.
hat, by way of applause to a retiringbats- .. ;-
man, when a vision otf sky blue flitted be- Not one' of the teachers of the district .
fore my eyes, and a high pitched voice (I schools ever fancied that discipline could
forget whether I have mentioned that be enf-:,rced without corporal punishment;
Hiida's voice had, a metallic ring which in fact, the people esteemed him in propor-
no efforts on her part availed to soften) tion to his severity. Generally the inscru- -:-
said: "You are a nice sort of a -person to meant of 'torture was a flat "ruler", of .
make appointments with, Mr. Beau- hardwood, and was applied to the open
champ! May 1 ask whether you remem- palm of the hand. S,-me of the brutes -
ber begging me to bring you here to-day! who handled this weapon Seemed,-to'de-
.And are you aware that I kept the :car- light In its use'.and:; employed-,it on the
riage waiting for you three-quarters of slightest excuse, and npt 'infrequently. :
an hour?" :.::- without any cause. I have been ferruled
And then I heard Beanchamp murmur- scores of times without the consciousness
Ing excuses from the background. "By of having committed any offense what-
Jovel.-Lady'-Bracknell, I'm so awfully ever. .-
sorry. What an idiotI aml Can't think The women who taught.in.the summer .
how I came to forget 1t1" did not use the. ferrule, but generally .a
There was an indistinct rejoinder, fol- switch, the offender often being'sent out "
lowed by a gradual dying away of both to cut the instrument with which he was
voices, from which I concluded that her to be punished. One fmJinine teacher waS
ladyship had taken the young man by the an ingenious torturer, who constantly in-. -;
ear and led him off. Having persuaded vented hovel methods of punishment. One
Sunning that he would tbe more comfort- was to put a closed penknife between the
able, and that I, should.be cooler, If he got fingers of the victim, press the fingers tight -
up on to the box,. end having thus re- to the handle, and then twist the latter
gained the power of turning my head till the pupil howled over the Intolerable
round, I perceived that Jim had taken pain.
Beauchamp's place.and was conversing While fitting for college I taught district
with Lady Mildred, whoseeyes had grown schools fc,r several winters, and so abhor-
perceptibly brighter-:during the last. few rent were the various punishments which .-
minutes. She certainly looked very pretty I had suffered when a boy that-I deter-
in her white dress, and.I couldn't wonder mined never to strike a pupil unless in ab-
at the satisfaction which Jim obviously solute self defense. And I never did. I
derived from gazing at her; but it was taught in some pretty tough localities,
unlucky, to, say the least of It, that he where punishments had been the rule from
houdd have taken such a long time to time Immemorial.
discover her beauty. Six years before, THE CROC" ROADS SCHOOL.
when Alfred Beauchamp had had a father There is, or was, a cross road sertle-
and an elder brother living, there might meant on the Sacondaga river in which wae
have been some hope for him; but his a district school that was famous all
chance was L ,:-w represented by a zero '4 through the region for the barbar-
a type so clear that. one could only hope he ism and Intractable character of its
might b- enough cof a reasonable IcEing to scholars. 1 applied for it one winter, and
see it. RBesonableness, hb.,wever, was not was laughed at by the trustee to whom I
his dihtlicuLbhing characteri.tic. made the application.
Presently BrackneUl made his way to 'Why, they throwed out the teacher
the carriage and mounted the bos beside last winter; and that ain't all either; they -
his son. .He took no notice of us, but mutilated him so that he'll be a cripple
hoisted the boy upon his knee, and the for life."
two became" absorbed in contemplation of After much parleying I succeeded in
the g-rie, the elder making occasional es- getting the engagement, It being under-
plariatiou.: to: the younger which were stood on the part ot the trustees that if I
listenried to wi-th interest and respect. I lasted a week it. would be a miracle.
suppose paternal fondness must have been The pupils whcpresented themselves on
hereditary in the Henley family, for the opening day were not a choice lot. Most.
Bracknell was not one whit less foolishly of them were from the hills, and ve9r-btih
devoted to his boy than his father had little more advanced than savages In bdok-
been to, him in days of yore, and, to all learning. There were some half dozen
appearance, was bent upon reproducing a boys as old as, or older than, myself, and
system of treatment which had not been two or three hulking chaps who werecon- 7
conspicuously successful in his own case. siderably larger than myself In physical-. -
Thechild had Bracknell's dark hair end dimensions. They looked me over with:--
gray eyt-s. I could discern no resemblance about the same glance that a bull dog -'
to his mother in him, nor, in truth, did might a slender terrier, but for several -
that strain of blood seem likely to infuse days were on their good behavior, being'
any fresh qualities of a valuable nature of the opinion that when the time came
into the race. they would thrown me out without
SWhile I was watching the representa- trouble. It was the case of a half 'dozen
tives of three generations, Lady Brae knell cats playing with a feeble mouse.
and Beauchamp strolled by. The lady saZIn GUP THE CROWD.
was talking with-agood deal of animation,
and the gentleman wore the air of one I soon sized up the crowd, and fotnd
who is at. once fascinated and puzzled, that the leader was a sullen brute of som6e
Bewilderment at the proceedings of Lady 25 years of age, who could j16t biAly'
Bracknell was not, apparently, confined spell words of two or three letters, 'aid
to himni, for Lord Staines, following the could not even write his name. He goad
pair with his eyes, muttered quite aud- naturedly allowed me to order him up to
ibly: repeat his letters with an air as if saying:
"I do -wonder what' f.ernal mischief "All. right for a week or so, but we'll'shotv
"I do'wonder what' infernal mischief iyou by and by." I I Afortnight '"'*r the
that woman is up to nowl 'Its it only spite, ndb asortightstrtha
or is it a plot, And if it's a plot, what school opened h was mo re silent iian
the deuce is the object of it, you know' usual one day, and when I requested h
Bracknel looked down- from the box to come out and rect his a letters "guessed-
and laughed. ."'Vel, Maynard," said he, be didn't want to say no lesson."
hand lauged. -'Well, May"nar," said be, Very well. When recess comes you'll
"'why are yon looking so solemn? Taking keep your seat-and not go -out with the
notes, as usually It seems to me that you
have all the elements of a sensational ro- hbovs."
mance ready to your hand here. There -- ugly face took on a deeper-scowl
are bound to be some strong situations than usual, and he glanced around-at the
before king, I should say, and you had other big boys, with a glance which said,
Now's the time! We'll tackle him".. It
better try to be on .the spot when they was a half hour before.recess. Meanwhile
"And what is the denouementtobe?" he pulled out an immense pocket knife,
*"And what is the denouement, to be/' I opne i, an thn whe he sawmelooil
made so bold as to inquire. opened it, and thben, when hesaw me look-,
"Oh, d't ask me," he returned. I lag toward him, he jabbed the blade 6B
Don't ask me, he returned. tent-atiously into the desk. The smaller
don't know; and, between you and me, I scholars saw that a storm was brewing
doubt very much whether anybody else and were uneasy; the larger ones moved
does either. All I can see is that there alout and evidently thought-the orlsis.
will be a row soon." waabout, and evidently thought.the crsi
"What's that you say," broke in Lord Whe tbe hour for the recess came I
Staiues querulously. "Why should there pked up the heavy iron poker and ca rry-
be a row: nonsense about a row! I wish p up the ha i poe a carry-
be i. uw: Loerie aouta rw, %Nsh inglIt as If it were a c -ane, I opened the"
to Heaven, Bracknell, that you could in- door and said: 'fiTwerboys may ae a roe-
duce your wife to let me.manage my own cess." As I did so I fixed my eyes on the
affairs inmy own way." ruffian with the jackknime,, with a genial
"I wish I could," returned Bracknell, smile on my lips. The other large boys
. with a shrug of his shoulders. "I wish I l on m Ups.a th the l bospc
oud in c e o me manage m- healtated for an instant, as If expeoting
could induce her to let m manage m him. to make a start. He quailed as -he
affairs In my own way. But I can't, you saw my attitude and the poker, an&d kept.
see '- hisseat. The other -boys saw.,.the game .
-, The Colors of Boston House. was up, and went out; they had no leader,
.The Colorsf Boston Houes and the combination was broken., I.Aneylr ..
The- number of yellow paintedhonses hahl-the slightest further trouble.- .Eve .
-with, white ttimmlngs -which ,one meets on 'the brute with the jackknife became, after
a drive a few. miles out of town is remark- hisa fashlon, my rlend,'azn 4ipA a,.re-- .
able; and' red, which used-to be. reserved some attention to hi books, Ani.,by'qpig""
for barns, Jifs taken a place on dwellings, could both 'read and'writ t$'a -tairexteat, '
FIt seems-to- me-that; .thls movement.-Is a 'The ,pIople of the ."distrlji I "b
,., peopa of the- d t v', ,.pa "
1sezqslble,-onae, .within- certain ,limits,. :but W -ltd to'- see me come tnoit t'riwnL
thatithese.- bright colors are -most: at--'. dowA' il section; bitWthe eIjvpPt8evrli,70
.,trative. 'when i sparingly used .-A hose opened. I tamed the'miehagsle m 4er
,tha. standsat a~dstancirfrom others will struck one of thid beass -a'bijQ.-'a .
,ear,- the miif but. 'row opl .yeuow,.maad red xto" In Chicago Tim es. .' ; ', --"
houses make one long for a bro.wn_,ot even ,.i -'...:" '" --
white-,painted, dwelling~ to, rlleve,.thez r A-eleer7y"ii'Siblra- '-. 7"'
g.la-.lng, monotony. *I. have heard It said "he Os'jls are not'- et ''i,, -in..-
,that.yqllowshohuld- be reserved for the old t. flreanms,"yt c n sb -
colonial stiye of dweUings| butas at has plied -with a tms t '*saitjS %% t$ d
,becpme.the r.ge- relief from an oppressive, sur h lt twih iuiWBlbnti rTw7ad9'tsfftitA ,
..uniformity niustibe.found in the adoption toditama .d..' feel
.o ..nw.ky. o. difer-daiagthe fmii.- Thik't, bbii'
,,of, a ew key ofpoglor for, houses of dioer- 1g made of a' slip of-blisS }oin$ bfn S ,
ent archatectuyal fotm.-Boston Post. glue to a- pleced 6f'hard $ifib wddd.'W*Tje -"
... .... ... a" o are four -e: t 'lobn t b ~ind 'ooi-*"" .-
Good Authoritles tor Slang. s lsai.ng of-either ball tfor t .rgeiall -"
Shakespeare seems ito have been very fr animals -or.a 'spear ,llke'.lw'wegplloj
well up -In mostof the slang phrases of larger-game:'--bheard'on'tht'bl-b.-fte& "
the present day.- -In "Henry.-VHI"' we -of archery which- far'outdo tlie'tralitpo< ":
have "too thin;" in "King John,!' "come shotiof.Willlam.TelL ,Thedaptilt'it.old .
off" and :'Ayou are too -greep and fresh"., felloiv passenger that on onlicccafdn" he -
in.1 "'AWinter's. Tale,". "WhattNeverF' law an.Ostjakmarkan arrow*'42VtlhfliI "i -
John Bunyan. used the phrase, It ais a die with-a,plece of'charoalfand'dlcht 1.W_. .
,cold dayp." in,.counectionwith-tadversity; 'it-in the air, while wseoond'n bfyef...tb-!" .- .
so It would seem that Solomottt.wa_ not, reached .the .grdundi.Bhot'atltaedeselad-'-" .
far from the truth, when- he said,, flThere -ing shaft and strcak=t'-oifrfe4 k.T-- +i- :-, _
is nothing new under .he stm,."-'oor.words Harper's Magasin-: -.'Uk-_+tr..' .:, --,:,'-. '^..'.'..
"to that effect.--Boston Courier. r.----. -. --;i'
.-" = s. ,, ..-: *-,;.; -L -'. "**^
*- .- *- ,- .c ". -. .----&J- .'-,-,
-- -., -.'_ ':>-
C a,, I-i ~ I i-.,~ ~ esls" W'S"A~W'Q 'h,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. AUGUST 31, 1887.
State News in Brief.
-Leon county has an immense swe
potato crop-this. year. `
-A broom factory is to be started soa
at Lakeville, Columbia county.
-The total assessment of city pro0pei
iu Sanford will amount to almost, if n
fully, $400,000. .
-It is estimated that the timber
Alachua county, if sawed,' Into-lumbe
wound make 525,000,00 feet.
-There are orange trees near Seffn<
in Hillsborough county, which now ha
their fourth crop of blooms for this yea
-Old citizens at Key West rema
that the leaves of cocoanut trees on tQ
island have not looked so parched up f
-The oyster beds in the southern pa
of -the Halifax River bid -fair to furni:
larger quantities of fine oysters this se:
son than usual.
-The next crop of oranges at Clea
water Harbor promises to be very fin
A .great deal of the fruit would no
pack 150 to 175 to the box.
-At Apalachicola, in 1884, town lo
were selling at $10 each, and went be,
going atthat. In 1887 manyof these lo
are held at from $100 to $125.
-The Fort Myers and Kissimmee rou
via-Calocsahatchee River, Lake Okei
chbbee aid Kissimmee River will not I
opened-for travel this fall.
-DeSoto .county farmers are bus
gathering their abundant erop of cor
Never, before has there been such a crc
made in that section of the country.
-It is reported that Judge Ziba Kin1
of Manatee county, has sold 'a two-thhi
interest' in his stock of cattle to tl
Florida Southern Railroad for $15.4,ii)i
-It is stated that Adam L. Eichellie
ger has 8,000 boxes of lemons on h
.trees in Idlewild Grove, on Lake Pant
soffkee, andwill commence shipping
-The actual weight of a big pumpki
at the office of the Indian River Ret
Estate Agency in Titusville is 186 pounds
Sand measures 7 feet and 2 inches in cit
-Fort Meade was established in 1849
and a detachment of troops from th
United States Army was stationed there
from that time until S1.54. when the
were moved beyond the Calosahatcbee
-One of Columbia county's farmer
cultivates with one horse about fift"
acres in corn, cotton, potatoes, pinders
cane, etc. Be has sixteen acres in pin
ders, the vines of which measure eight
feet in length.
-The Volusia county treasury con
tains $9,198.55 to the credit of the gen
era] revenue acocunt, $4,059.28 to thi
county road account and $3.8'3.65 to thi
county special account, making a tola
_-The glass and lens for the light
house at New Smyrna having arrived
everything will be in readiness to 1igh
up by Saturday. It is expected, how
ever, that a permanent light will not bi
established until the first of next month
-Mr. Edgar Blount ate sixty-five ba
nanas Sonday. Mlr. James Roan stopped
at twenty-six. We have not heard ol
any serious consequences arising there
from, and consequently pronounce ba-
nanas a healthy article of diet.-Fort
-A 'Columbia county farmer said
few days ago, while i, Lake City, thai
by raising all his home supplies last yeaj
he had not made one dollar's worth ol
debt this year; while, previously the
rule with him was to owe from $7.5 tc
$150 at the end of each crop.
-Workmen are putting the finishing
touches on the Federal building at Pen-
sacola. The furnishings have not yet
been completed, but the material for
their completion is looked for every day.
The sodding of the grounds is going on
rapidly, and by the first of September it
is thought the building will be ready to
receive every one of its many prospective
-We have been at the trouble to in-
terview most of our leading merchants,
and they invariably report a good in-
crease of business. The people have en-
tirely recovered from the yellow fever
scare, and business prospects grow
brighter every day. Our fall season-will
soon open, and this season's business
gives promise that it will be greater than
any former one by 50 per cent.-Tampa
-A race-course has been fitted up half
a mile east of Toronto, the junction of
the Tavares, Orlando and Atlantic and
theOrange Belt railroads, and arrange-
ments are made for races on the third
Saturday of each month. Races between
men and between horses are in order,
and the people of Toronto extend an in-
vitation to fast runners and owners of
fast horses to meet with them hereafter
and particpate in the sport.
-Mr. J. H. Arnold 'brought to the
Record yesterday morning specimens of
rice-'rywn on the St. Cloud farm, about
fourteen miles south of here. The heads
left at this office are full and heavy, and
were lulled at random fiom a rice field
of I50 acres at St. Cloud farm. Mr. Ar-
nold states that pn thesame farm there
Is growing ll0'acres of 'almost matured
sugar-cane of as fine quality and size as
any he has evqrpseen.-Orlando -Record.
-We are indebted to Major A. J. Mc-
-Croryjfor arfinespecimen stalk and flower
of tje "ginger plant," grown on his
placejnear to...n.-, As this is the first one
know tovhave, flowered, in this -region,
it is of no small interest in this neigh-
berhoqd. The, stalk is eight inches in
length,.while the idnceolated leaves are
about-ten -inches, long. These are dis-
posei alternately on two opposite sides
of the-stei.jThe -flowering stems are
.located.immediately in the center'of the
stalk-. .,;The, flowers are a pure.white and
not unlike: a- lily in. form, -from which
order.tno., doubtit comes. The .ginger
plant.flourishes best in low, moist-places,
andfthMt,. too, in a warm-climate. It is
a native of. Asia and the--East- Indies,
-although it is cultivated with large-profit
in the West lindies, particularly in
Jamaica. Can there be any good reason
why this should not be one of the profit-
able industries of this section ?-Titus-
ville Sun. : -
ON THE SOUTHERNCOAST.
of a Summer Cruise in
BYIP. W. REASONER; "
TO THE ROYAL: PALMS-HOME
o'r I AGAIN. :
ar June 28.-We were ready shortly after
rk daylight, and- all aboard Mr. Storter's
he big skiff (18 feet in length), en route for
o. the Little Palm Hammock, distant about
sixmiles. Mr. Storter, Jr., accompanied
rt us, and, less welcome, a crowd of the
-h "brindle" variety of Chuckaluskee mos-
a_ quitoes; for their consideration, how-
.ever, we soon had a "smoke-pot" of black
r mangrove wood in operation in the bow
~ of the boat. .
S From this hammock to the Great Palm
SHammock, opposite. Cape Romano, ano
ts which contains at least five or six hun-
S dred full grown trees of the Royal Palm,
s there are said to be here and there scat-
tering trees, which seems very robable,
,^ as-there are scattering trees at the upper
S end, several miles from the main ham-
Our course was up the creek. Taking
By turns at ths oars, an hour's briskipulling
, against the current brought us to the
D" outskirts of civilization-the house of
SMr. Wiggins, Indian trader, for during
Sthe dry season the Indiaus are often at,
9j Chuckaluskee, and Mr. Storter told us
e many stories of "Charlie Jumper," the
S"Doctor," and'others of the noble red
Smen who often visit the creek. Beyond
ig Mr. Wiggins' the creek became very nar-
row, with overhanging mangroves, leav-f
a ing barely room for the boat to be shoved
through in places Poles were substi-
n touted for oars, and a mile more of twist-p
ai ing about in the bushes brought us to the a
,head of the creek. Here was fastened
r' the canoe used by the Indians in their 1
visits to Chuckaluskee, having been left;
Sby them here at the beginning of the a
e summer rains, for use on their return in ]
el the fall.' Their main encampment is
Distant fi'om hereabout sixty miles.'
S Now began the "tug of war.". In front
- of us stretched a prairie, with occa-'
sional clumps of cabhaae pal mettoes, and
Cypress swamps in the distance. Two
miles or more of this prairie were to be
I crossed beforereaching thepalms. Shov-
ing tlhe skiff out into the tall -grass (for C
the prairie is everywhere knee deep in
Skater now) we commenced poleing in (
e earnest. It was slow work, but prefera-
Sble to wading from knee to waist deep in
I the mud and water. Occasionally unu-o
usually thick mats of grass would compel
Sus all1 to get out and drag and push the
skiff, but the goal was in sight, the way- 1
Sing plumes of two or three palma over
Sthe tops of the distant cypress and pal-
n mottoes. In places the grass was higher I
than a man's head, in others the skiff
Swas easily propelled through the deeper t
sloughs, aud now and then there was an
Alligator path, where the grass had been S
kept open from pond to pond. In the
lower places a pretty species of Sagittana d
Swas in bloom, and everywhere was that e
superb flower, so seldom seen in ctldtiva- li
tion, however, the Crinunum Arn,-ricatun,.
with its umbels of five or six large, pure I
t white, lily-like flowers with pink sta- c
f By 10 o'clock we were nearly at our c
journey's end, so before leaving the w
prairie, where we had very providentially
been free from the annoyance of mos-
quitoes, we lunched on pineapples and n
* crackers, and nerved ourselves; up for t
several hours of constant wading, fighit- e
* ing mosquitoes and exploration. Then, tb
we pulled the skiff into the edge of the
hammock, and, armed w ith the machete, w
Stepped overboard and made our way m
) into the hammock, .
There are not more than half a dozen
of the large royal palms in this hamrn- ti
mock, and none of these are at all equal e
in size and height to the magnificent o
specimens at the upper hammock, where ti
there are many trees from 1'25 to 150 feet fti
in height, with trunks of two and three h
feet in diameter at the base, larger and ti
handsomer trees than one ever sees- in
Cuba, where royal palms are everywhere, w
These trees, however, did not seem even 'at
so tall as those of Rodgers' river, and tt
probably do not exceed ';,5 or 80 feet in L
height. The other trees of the ham-
mock are principally cypress, red bay E
iperseai, cabbage palmetto and even pop- T
ash. The land is much lower than that B
of the upper hammock, the water stand- ei
ing on it knee-deepall over at thisseason Mi
of the year. which probably accounts for at
the less sturdy appearance of the palms, ta
for the upper hammock is high enough cc
for the oak and mastic, ec
Several clumps of tall Thrinaa(?) palms m
were noticeable on account of their unu- de
usually slender stems-full grown trees, ex
30 feet in height, having stems notover tb
2J or 3 inches in diameter. This ex- of
treme slenderness of trunk was uniform
in all the specimens wesaw, and though cc
it may be owing somewhat to soil and" dt
situation, we fancied that the foliage ki
also, seemed so distinct as possibly to be' sp
of a different species from-T. parvflora,, TI
which it resembles. : ` ,or
The only "-varmint" seen was a mocca- ht
sin snake, of about five feet one way and m
three inches the other, which was dis-
patched with the machete on Bight. The wi
cook was delighted by specimens of sev- of
eral orchidsa-perhaps new to Florida-' fo
thoughthousandsof mosquitoes disputed co
possessiofin. --The "hart's-tongue" fern,-
.tPdlypodium ph1tlifldis) usually found bu
growing on the groundd, in the moist,
close atmosphere of this hammock as- co
cends the trees,. ad the Nephrolepis exal- put
aat so frequently does where there is an
plenty of moisture, and a handfulof leaf fo
mould or rotten palmetto for the roots;.-' w-
The return across the prairie and-down dii
the creek in the afternoon was without wi
.excitement, exceptthe occurrence of an- be
unusually hard shower which finished up gr
our wetting, we having only been wet up tn
to tb6 waist before. in
:' '. "- "
,,> ,.< j- -: -.. -* -
Signs of Pu
[From the Ti
C. Lanier is
)f the Exposit
Lanier is a vet'
of the most in
Lake region, a
plays of fruit h
Dr. James H.
qp an interest
vant to see oc
where she can b
luty. But just
exciting : contest
ocating our cot
I have called
Leesburg on th
-an be done, an
nittee to work
ome up some t
rith us on the
new Lake coun
efforts to bring
he county's re.
Col. John A.
till heartily se
may l.e made to
s Lake Region
cnee of his jo
objects of the E:
on of the ente
ends hebore wbh
im at the Ex|
ards, of Eustl
he effort to ca
board of Trade
cOQuaid, F. R. (
.ry Forbes. A
intract, etc., a
ent with theco
etalls, the pres
cecute the nece
he corporate set
f the Expositioi
intractor and th
homas V.- Qal
ie of our- moi
as -also approve
ere delegated t
rmed after th
After the tran
tsiness the comn
The signing of
mpleting of tl
it the Sub Trop
id a firmer bas
re. A reportede
Ilked out to th
as being done.
r of.one hundr
?nchts for the
g the multitude
.- C *'.- '- ~ ~-
June 29.-Left Mr. Allen's at noon
Ran out of the creek with-thetide. -Goi
aground in the bay. Got overboard anc
"'shoved heroff" several times. Arrived
attthe Flat Rock entrance to the Gulf
at 2 p. m. Lay' aground two hours
:Underheadway at 4 o'clock with fail
wind. Anchored at Collier's,, at Marco
at 9:30 p. m. '
June 31.-Away from Collier's bright
and early. Out ait Big Marco and up the
coast with afairwind. Sawone humar
being at Naples, evidently sitting on hit
dignity in the smoke and debating
whether it would be best to go to world
or not,. Still undecided when we passed
out of sight. -
No other variations. tee monotony
of- sailing except two orimee squalls, a
ahndl.on the beach, a short dialogue with
a couple of bird-hunters-who havepen-
etrated to the very heart of the Ever-.
glades to carry on this heartless and
complete destruction of Florida's best
frienids-and thesight of an occasional
sail. Opposite Sanibel at 8 p. m, Ran
up through the harbor and. anchored at
Boca Grande at 9 p. m.
July 1.-After a' few minutes on the
beach of LaCosta Island we are in motion
again. Out at Boca Grande and up the
coast with a very light, though fair, wind.
In, the afternoon weathered a tremen,
dous squall off Casey's Key, lying to
under the foresail club, and working to
windward about five miles-completely
upsetting our calculations In regard to
making Sarasota Pass before dark. Even
after the water smoothed a little and the
rain ceased falling in bucketfuls, a steady
and uncomfortable drizzle continued, and
finally we were left in almost a dead
calm. Made Sarasota Pass by 11 p. m.,
wind freshening a little.
July 2.-In honor of the home-coming
the cook last night, concocted an Iolla"
cotnposed of the last of the ham bones,
all the remaining onions, sundry hand-
fuls of rice and broken crackers, butter
and other trimmings, until it almost
equaled the celebrated West Indian 'pep-
per-pot"-though the pepper having
altogether "played out," this ingredient
waswanting. Sailed all last night by
turns, up through the bay, and now, at 8,
a. min., are about to interview the quart-
antine flag at the mouth of the Manatee
-ITTI 'A -4 ...
- essary in the construction of a strong
t base for a building of such dimensions.
Il- The north side of the lot is being esca-
: vated to the depth of about two feet
) while the north side will be raised a like
.- distance making the entire ground a
r perfect lev-I. Mr. J. C. Kernan is taking
, th9;active management of the work at
pr sent. Brick and,-lumber in large
t quqdntities ate being placed.on the ground
e so that no trouble may be experienced
a -from a lack of material. The lumber,
a brick and other material are being trans-
Sported Ironm the river up Hogan's Creek
to a point only a few hundred feet from
l the site of thelip'Sub-Tropical, thus making
a large saving in the cost there would
7 otherwise be for cartage and drayage.
a The space on Pine street, between the
a paving and the shell road constructed
- by the Springfield Company is being
- covered to a considerable depth with
I 'shells. This will -make a continuous
b. drive 'from Bay street past the Sub-Trop-
I ical grounds and for a distance of nearly
.two miles beyond. Laura. street will
t also be shelled from the termination of
the paving and a bridge built across
3 Hogan's Creek. This street, it is sup-
Sposed will be the principal thoroughfare
for carriages and pedestrians, as Laura
street is the only other one which runs
,by the grounds. Pine street will have a
double street-car track, making it rather
crowded for carriages. The shell road
will also be extended out about two
miles in a northwesterly direction to an
inter-section with the new shell road
running in the western portion of the
city, thus making of it beautiful drive.
- South Florida Exhibition.
The directors of the South Florida Ex-
position have authorized the next exhi-
bition to be held in Sanford and ap-
pointed an auxiliary committee to ar-
range for grounds and buildings. J. E.
Ingraham, president of the South Florida
Railroad, offers on behalf of that com-
pany $1,000 cash premium for the best
county exhibit and $250 for the best
trades display. The directors authorize
the exhibition to offer cash premiums
of $500 for the second best and $i325i) ffor
the third best county exhibit. Over
$5,000 will be offered as premiums.-
C -* Wholesale.A
JAOKSovTLh., A-ugust 27,1887.
- very topics, t,: which we refer the reader
for further iufornmation."
IFrom the Timres.-Democrat.]
L "Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
SFRUilT-GROWER, evidently struck the
popular fancy when he established th.t
journal. Its success. isjphenomenal, anil
although only a few months old. has al-
ready taken the lead iu all matters per-
taining to Southern horticulture.
(Fr.-.m te Fi.:ri-ia Baptist Witn6s,.i,
The FARMER AND FRUiT-GROWER
conies to our table regularly and prompt-
ly, and is full of interesting and iustruc-
tive matter. It certainly excelsany paper
we have seen, for Florida especially.
Send to Jacksonville for it. Address as
above, and read it awhile and be con-
From the Ganeov'l]e Morni(ng Recird.,
"We are in receipt of the FFOR[DA
FARMER IND FRUrT-GROWER, published
by C. H. Jones & Bro., at the Times-
Union office. and edited by Prof. A. H.
Curtiss. It is first-class in every respect
and is a paper which every farmer and
fruit grower should have Its articles
are full of plain, good, common sense.
We hope to give our readers the benefit
of many of its articles. Success to the
FProm the Sutirbern LIe Stock Journal
"We regret that the first number [of
the FARMER AND FRtir GROWER] failed
to reach us. but the second shows a very
handsome sheet as to paper, typography
and general makeup, while theeditorial
department is all we expected of t he dis-
tinguished editor. Many of our readers
are interested d]irectly and secioda-
rilyiu everything counnect,:-d r-ith FIlor-
ida, and we cordially commend this ,
new and excellent periodical as woitthy i
of their- patronage. With l-best wies '
for its Success. we welcome this ne-w as.
piraut for- public favor and patronage, -
feeling assured of the good work it will ,
-accomplish iu and out of Florida."
Tilis powder never varies. A marvel- '6
purity. irnr,rn-tb and wholesomenes. -More
economical than the ordinary kluds. and
c:aunot i.e cold In competition with the
niltirt1ud : if l:w teist, short weight alum or
,hosphbae p'owd. rs. .%.h V.',j ih, i: ica,,
OYALkB.iKINO POWDER O., l.'"6 St1..
New Yfl k.
No.,rthi-1'n flert- icII'.I a3 I,,[oW: -ina-o
rbi"['l'..,, ,. pc -r pi,,.nlt: Fitrida n)-eC" tr.,,2-5
pe-r r,.:.u d; rea .l 'i. ,enr ; .i,,,ts.- ii,,1.5
[.r_:,nt; mn tton .*,t.2i: i ,:tt.j[; rnes.,:,o 23 tf-n ta
iio :.z--, ti ~L.rni (.,:,rn d hlb f1)i Cer nts.
%'a-.tr--iL..'k- wboi,_ie at flv2".1" per hun-
LCi. 'l a .t r tiii jar ,t.5.] ,ent- ic':- waternjel-
do rzoi ..,nru -'I oi .j dt 15i,)I .ents perr
noz-.. ,.a-t,-tad at ,[, 'neat[.
.dtr r ,,w _-t .,!:e at '2",,_- ,i- ,:-'j,, n,-er -,', a. "iad
ret--Uis al lii e:ntt., -'r two 'u S!'ts ':or ii c-at,.
E-'ns rlitiis -W' ,:,iirie [i i). h. ,e iute per
-:doz-- d-i t.'.tni at .. C ',I11 .
N-.:. itl.:i tir -a triu'ljp, 525 per brr-el,
:ur "IlUr[-_N i':or .3- ,14.
N.:i't0.rn a:.: .tr:,t wb,,1-i .sle at i I'Hj pi-ri
e.tij at p .a-ni.ts p-r pl.-l
-i:l- i jp-or.jrEg rapell a hu-,isaie at 2(.m)" per
bi.iiil; L'eti ai t iU ,:-E -er' qualt.
[LEAF TOBACCO MARKETS. :-
LUA1 EXAPuSITIuN. Provisions. NEW YORK, Auaut 7.7-rnare Il no abate-
~---- Thebf,:,lo-;Dng table, compiled from the records MeT--9. short nl.,s, t.oxed, S',67>: D. Sm t ic. tn.-ist in the. t.'co m-rke.
blic Interest-Work' or the Jack ouridle Signal Siadon by Cr-poral long ciar ide', E .'* 'T,7-' D lit.cie" l 'tI: Pric-s r ct lll ten-ine upward, and the d-
th B i d nT. S.Town aend.repr_.sncrthe temperarure,0c,:>- smu K trd s hirt rio;, j smo" led beEl-n. -'7'; wan ,d ie very .t'--n-
on the Bduilding. dion ofweaLhe-r. rainlladdioretantof'it S. 9_. bMs, canv ias-ed. tantIy, li",;:S. hC.ou]- RICiIHMiNDt, Aui:c t2-Lia" t"ibacco is
fo. r tnc" month of Septewber, as obe-rved E the ders,acdau&.w.ed,.'.41;(tCfJnrmaor'plcticrmcham, Rrm. R,.,-ipt r arev-.1d, out seort nsud ruy-
mes-UnionofAuAigust 23.] Jacas'nvallesatilou during the past 15 ye.rs: 9Ac. Lard.-rt-ued.. tircds. 7,. Mt.c, Oe,-l- ersccem ton e -.-.iduig at
another evidence of the TEMP. w.r.EAT S 16.511. rhEie lquotaLions a re otr round Iots LU-[IS.'ILLE, Auist 12.-Tbe market is
ntere- s fl i t sucs --.. E trom first uano-. Parm and pit-s hi..-,Lg AIpwa Ward. ution
terest ielt n tueQsuccess .. .- BOTTER-Best taht.le2.cperpound:cooK- sa ot liea-i" anged about iperbuLn
ion by the new and pro- 5aRS. -5-- o trig1, i.3'ju1 per piind. ,r'd d.own-a to f:.. a
ty of Lake.- Colonel 1 G in Ii .5 Orain. Flour, Hay, Feed. Hides. Etc.
eran fruit-grower andone 2 GRAN TL" r"n T market 'hier and J APAN L E ANDTURFGRA",
iluential residents of the -- -- --- advauim-to. The droitth has been rioncLu
nd at previous State dis- 17 S`2 9 ; o.- t -16,.- i7 NE thbecorn --ction. I-ur to,. itte o doc.0-ru much iLesped-:a"t,-.i'n -i, d Pnspalurim playecaule.).
anoarried off high honors: 187 4 '4 70 r 17 1 4 NE5 goodaud hasr,utittleLnfiuen,:-ont- mar,:t. litrated and dec.,rlbed In FLoRiDA F.asm
.18" 4 52- 1. 77 7 l' ,. N E TJhefollowingfdgures present to-day v6 allies: .ND FRnTI GROWIER. "
RALakeCL'ounty. Fla., 1, 6 54 J h 5 ,7 8 1-6 7 4 50 NE WVequote wihitecornu J ob tas, -c per bsne ... .. .
...' 45--I 18 ",7 66 7 9 15G 6 3 .-.3 ^--'-' ts" -A "ea, ----vel; nii-s.ed ,--n -, tl plollauI. 0perl olusand,
August, 21), 1),87. f I S .14 t 1 1 N car l od. lots, 'S per buhei; mixed- c n-a, 3o Supplied at t IOO per .hosand
1 '; itrl 7;: 13 i) a 5 1i tE iota06 cY pe0 r eibuhel; car load lots, rik- per -BY-
Paine: 178 ,6 ,7 .781 1) 1. -' 2 busnebel.- otatshi w er,an symlur.athy wtt eoru, T .. or>BEY Wa iorid. .
I-will endeavor to work 1s.. i ,, i 1 .'. 24 NE at tbhe foii w-;ln.J ores.: "Mied LD j, l,, .. .. o ad, lord _.
L.ak cony Id not i t 77 i,.i t 1" I. NE 40 5car oad lts -,. :,white toatlsare 'ca her ... af. "
in Lake county. 'I do not I1t N ,J 1 12 1 4 'A NE all around. Bran irwer,i ti per n. 1AITLAND URSERIES. '
ur county behind at the -1662 i i 5 7 I lb tI 4 44. BA..--Tue market li. hini-rand T-er cr,, c .e
,ut at or about the head 1 .') ..' .', I 7 N ?7.5 N.E Westti cha i smcdl 6 e.i', -21(,)22,)(, per
8"-., M IN-];. ; if )' 1 :4. ; 111 6 5 6', NE ton: ear iaond I s. 2, 25ij per tonu; Eastern uavy.
ie if she will do her whole Ias i t "b 7 5 ]. I l( i'. :j NE it 1 ,") per ton .
t at this time wehavean tIi '1 9 :6. 151 7 1lt NE PZATL Ot-rsM AND MEA.L-Griti'.4J(.-;mre-al ALL v.iARiEriErs or
ist on hand in regard to, -" : .- wb pbrrel. ..
..... .- .- LOUR- W- eater: best. paLents. ALNGE ANDL MON.I EEIl.
urt-house. ,. -.. "Goves where Williams, Clark it Co's 'ood 'fmuv,'4uiCOm, ptnts. 1-3 .tuE AND LEMON 'IREES.
a meeting -to be held at Orange Tree Fertilizer has been-used' are "PE.i-Mlx.d 31 I, Wiip 8i .1-5 clay Z1l S30.
ie- 27th, instj, to see w b at l,.ook-""-, GaROreNFEEr-Per too. 24 ( .
e-27th: inst,-o to see what looking finely..'FFEE--ree Rio, l-.1c per potn d: Java, --
d also to organize a corn- WILLIAMS, COLR & Co. oated, '& ; Mocha roastd, ';.c- Rio,-
up the matter, Can you : rated, 2:$pl'c; ground Rio coffee 16,S .]c per Buils nt placed on small tocks, bil on extra
time this fall and confer adi eu' Puirhfsingd Ag "n" .p-;n 1,
subject? Yours t.ily Ladies Pr asing Agency. -.IN SEED tEaL--Demand eht. ea lIr, ieandfienes.
A rNew York lady of experience an iland or dark mi-al,1e' i.ir0' 0 per ton;
Th(s. C. LANIER. bright or short cotton nal-atout of maik,:t,
I. H. Mabry, also of the taste,.- enjoying the best facilities, for oil mills shut down and old sto.k cle-aned up. We make iipeca.ty of td..
~~ ~ ~~ im A -.... & -- .. an tagp.IL. U
ty, is a stong advocate of shopping under advantageous coudi- TOiBACCiO S us---Market qiet but firm at
and will use streuuous lions, offers her services to ladies desir- L, .,al- --:EARLY SPANISH RAGE-per ton.
ut--EAstevrn,.51)) barrel lots St .1. 1), bar'- --- EARL PAS RANGE----
out a premium display# of ing to secure any kind ot wearing ap- rel Iots 2 ), less than 0ItlW l). Aabamia lure-
sources. o parel, toilet articles or household goods, ?1 15. Cement-A-uerican $2(m); Englisn $325 bthe eariest rvarietvyknow-n),
McDonald. of Euitis, at New York prices. Send for circular, per barrel.
RicE-The luootatlons vary, according to
.cond the efforts which Address MRS. S.S. tcones,h ,7 quantity, rcm 5, cents per pound. TOEITI TrAr and
Secure this desirable re- 179 GatesAve., Brookly.-N. Y. -' dSLr-Liverpooe per sack, S10W; per car VILLA FRACA LEMON "
-oad, 90 cen-6. VILLA FRANCA LEMONS,
-DE.--tiry flit, rrow, per pound, first class,
SJay, editor of the EUs- "We Know by Experience. '1-a.t12 tts: and coiutntry dry salt,-d Mi^']lctc; and can chow trE.e or the latter that stood the :
Shas xrte thbuee r s.lted cents. Slilns-Der flint,
n, h exerted the infl- For tbr'ee years we have used Brad- D,)c-utl; salted H cents. Fuis-Otter, winter, coain last winter nc weil as tbh Orange. and
urnal in behalf of the Icy's Vegetable" Fertilizer. After test- each *.cil (0; raccoon li,-25 cents; wild cat
position from the iucep- iug along with other high grade ferttl- It,15 cets; iosa1 il1.5 ents. Beeswax, per NOW HAVE FRUIT-UPON THEM.
Hehashostsofizers,' ponunepound, is, cents; wooi, free rom burss IS,2.
Srprise.Oh s f izers, .ne pronounce it better than any cents; burry, S.Cl_5 cents; goal ski.nsi lbceuta
will be glad to welcome sold in Florida. We shall use it again apiece.
position and renew old- this year. Country Produce. Send for Catalogue.
So We do not hesitate to say to the vege- CHEEsE-FLue Creamery lo ceulnI per pouud. &CAREY
able rower of Flrida tht tl n LrvE PoULTRY-Linalted supply and good KEDNE &.CAREY,
:ono, hver and Mayor Ed- table growers of Florida that they can- de.und as follows: Heus 895 cents; milx-d 30
tis, have pledged their not use anything so good as Bradley's ents; half grown 20 cents. They are scam-ce P. 0. WIuterParkfa '
nce and co-operation in Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. We know and In gr-eat- demand. F a .O
arry off the honors for by experience what we say regarding Eoo-DouvatCuunty":tcenitperdozen w, ith
thisferilier.goodi demanid and Unified snppi~y.
this fertilizer.,VF R Ita P,'nAroEs-NorLtern potatoes 3(,MUSIC OUSE OF FLORIDA.
weekly meeting of the ,VWOFFORD & WILDER., .3 15 pe baP'el. -
15 pS-e~er b n-el barl.40)ewYr
nittee of the Florida Sub- Ft. Mason Flan 40NONS- weaern per barrel .4 New York .
3ition was held at the .4. S per barrel.
r y r. Pres- New York Cabbage; tLOint2c per bead.
rooms yesterday. Pres- Oninions of the Press. NEW BETrs-New York $275 per barreL
creamer and Mpssrs. P. r ToM ATCss-New York, percrateStOO. I
)shorneand B. F. DiIIon, [From the Southern Cultivator.] Tulreps-Ruta Baga variety Woer bar- lll
after a long and careful MER AND FRUIT-GROWER, of Jackson- Forgln and Domestic wnits. AaB Cellalodpbe l,
the plans,specifications, ville, surpasses, that of any similar Lng e peradozen, mos nolceable In p acoes,
nd the mutual arange- publication in Aniem a. e puserica. The ubli s pears and apples, caused by short crop-corn JACKSONVILLE FLA.
ntractorsof construction seem to be over-liberal in giving the and tomatoes; also, In canned ish, principally .. .
idetasutoriedto ecan r e y a n Lin salmon, owing to short catch this year, -
ident was authorized to mechanical part every attraction possi catch being lighter'Lan any season forour Weber Pianos, Haines Pians, Vose.-Plaqs
essary contract, and affix ble, while Editor Curtiss is doing the year. Morris Pianos, Cloaghb-& ..Warren- orgas
ii to the same on behalf best work of his life. 'It is a combina- PituQNis--Frencb, 12c. Wilcox & White Organs, Pelonbet SthaTmh
l t t tion that cannot fail of abundant success. IE.ON.-S--Meslaaa.475 perbox. 'will] sel and deli er at your nearestison.a
ire and McDonald, the The Cultivator is never sorry to see such FIcs-ln layers, 13c. gBh Grade '' ... ;-.tj
e architect of thePonce enterprise rewarded, as we have no DArEa-Perslan-Bosxes.9c; Fra.ls,7c. ..'\ ::- ,
at St. Augustine, have rivals to be jealous of h but wish all suc- NiTs-Almonds 18c; Araaiis 12; Filberts
.1 (8 ~~~~Sc1.y) 10c.Englsh walnuts Grenoble,~' "mt -"'~ : '
din detail the plans and cess." tlaybtc- 1Ec; Peclansh wl n ut, O Crn b so- : S A -
1St l-hos 5c; P can ~; Peanuts 6%-c;Cca
nd approved the ame. [From the Gardeners' aMonthly] nurs per bm hundred. "l -
hben, Esq., of this city, Rnisrzai-London layers W2 25 per box.
experts enced bilderi, "We are continually receiving new DBarrym. -r eam- ry -;xtraDalry .-'-
texperienced builders, .. Dairy 15c." ."-:- ." -' --..
'ed the quality of the agricultural ventures, but useful as they CIRasi-HaUskJdm i0c-creamllcperponma"d. -O ,' -
for in the specifications. are in their own special fields, we rarely PEACHEa-Georgia, $I per crate. m \ ..'.-'i'.. .*
w n "" 'A P ~ h ,m G e o r g i a q 7 5 c p e r c r a t e ; .N e w "Y o r k + .- "
and the Director-General fSpdminthem anyhing of special interest .............. p .1e or barr e..-"
o fix the exact location to the intelligent class of hortictilturists Flemish Beauty Pears 8s 00 per barrel; BartE e I w ---" ,-. a:
ns, which duty they per- for which the Gardeners' MIonthly has to let Pears 6 00 per barrel, 00 per half barrel. '- O R'1 k" -
e- adjournment of the cater. We were, therefore, agreeably eta. : -, .-. -,::-"
surprised on reading among the batch The following gnotations are carefIy re- For'lessmonj:.than any other houja In" tli-A. -
sfction of some minor of exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this vIsed for wledtci a sand Satuay'spar unled-emtatesyi'.bwmsbipaPlianoo're -to'-.. -
mittee adjo ed- to find it of a very high order of intelli- ntat 'shed dealer honestman or wman on rial -a"zi:ot
g C ty.arket.:' 'satisfactory I will nay freight t bt wave. 3281 "---
the contracts and the gence, and one which must have an ex- ew York Cabbage wholesaleat L-$2 60@8 00 cashDcai and $16 a .iin olPh a--aPi and-'Ia".
hie plans in detil have cellent effect i fostering Florida's inter- perbarr ant rtal ata1620 cents. e and $ a month on an Organ-t'mPaido-"or- -,-ot
Son even a stronge 1, Sweet otatoes wholesale at 605ac per m'uch more thank an oadi..ry. ren'-t.-'On-Ae- "-
pical on even a stronger e- e bushel and retail at fourquarts forS1cents. very liberal terms anyone can;6Wn itru-
se, if possible, than be- [From the Texas Farmer.] Eggs.areInfalrdemand. Duval county eggs mentI. Send for FRME EATA'"GUE conta in '
,, .- .. ..~~~~ are~quoted at wholesale 1IW20 cents per n tl'fbra- l--
er of the Times-Union "Florida is not behind hersister South-- dozenaddreto.I atl25e0 cent sng p g ril i on. _- heet-rruale,..Str 'o_'.- --.o
ee Stateseincmaterialtprogress. It- 25 0 cen. VJos nsi l Ba nJos,-..nltirs, AcoordeQs ,na.d Itikea- ..
e site selected for the ern States in material progress. It Boston marrowfat sqashes wholesale at, al 7 ,
P ~fact, evary musical istpreut that."~d...":.
OUhtnd 0 e barrel, aud retalLat,4@5 cents -er:.ada ele-fr6ab1eh-"
y afternoon to see what ought. to be called the land of fruits 200pa n6 and ... -.c. ent.. ... er. .-anI at vety1w prices.'et f6r'odiplite At "' .
Workmen to the num- flowers, for each of these grand divis- ti'oL .,-lshiotatoehii-l 10ue'.-hav 2,0' ooo, Mus ic'-".'
ho e i276 orkiiIrth pOtatio55 wholesale at 52 W q.Q-f't .pn5%~rL ave 2copy kae-~hie oo-ic-
red were engaged on the ions of horticulture are equallyathome 275per barrel,and retail at 10 dentperqu'a; .t _pop. -- -i'
g the ground, d'gging theie. The FLORIDA FAnMqR AND FRT- otf.twoqu_ gr.-ls.qcen-.'-:.---.. &.= ". "-A coy -'M-PB i-- r ...
foundations and in-do- -.. .. s'u --c -aen- wo-satat0 -' A.- B" -- --- ..
nth g GROER is an ably conducted, and ele- 'ntab;retailt'% wb...... .. .- -. '?.__ '-,,.
inbus other things nec- gantly printed paper devoted .to -these poult_., per pound-c ckenrerslani8s0.;;. -.- '.'O .I'V_111?-
"- -.- .' "~. -' :.' "3. .- "- "" 4 '
,.. e :-': :: e, ll,
~ -- = : : .. .--.. _. ... .
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_me, :l .,i Re