Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055763/00032
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1887)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 3 v. : ill. ; 50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: C.H. Jones & Brother
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: August 17, 1887
Publication Date: 1887-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 5, 1887)-v. 3, no. 3 (Jan. 16, 1889).
General Note: A.H. Curtiss, editor.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000454290
oclc - 11040152
notis - ACL6442
lccn - sn 95026760
System ID: UF00055763:00032
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch (Live Oak, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower

Full Text

Feed and Stock Farming.
The following interesting paragraph
are gleaned from those enterprisil
journals, the Southern Cultivator and tl
Texas Stockman and Farmer:
Mr. W. I. Vason, of the St. Lambe
Jersey Farm," near Tails hassee, Fia ,
rejoicing that his champion cow
"Pearl," has dropped a bull calf "repre
senLing the best dairy blood on earth
being a grandson of Maiy Anne, of S
Lambeit and Landseer's Fancy, and
a solid lemon fawn. Thus Florida, one
tho.aundisputed home of cannel con
densed milk, is rapidly becoming a Jet
sey breeding State.
Mr. C. Mene'as, of Savannah, Ga., ha
turned his immense cotton plantation
near Brookhaven, Miss., into a stock an
dairy farm, and piopoes to prodluc
milk and butter cheaper than any daii
district in the Norih or Wet. He vi
have a dairy depot at the railroad, wit
a large refrigerator, ardl it isevident thia
his energy and success will start Eiuila
needed entepr-es in tlihe S-.ith. \V
want more grass, stock, dairy and poul
try farms, as there is a -.,onitant ,iemar,'
for ruilk. buster, beef. e p.gs, poultry
etc., all c.ish products in any mai ket.
If ou ly the lab:i.r -r,:,t.d to pullin,
and housing corn blades in the Sout
were employed in ,r-ep-iing min-adow
and mowinp gra-; thie result wou'd L.lJ
millions of doilais to tie value of ou
farrm results. We would then be encour
aged to increase tl'e area devoted to
grass for mowing to any desired extent
until. our bans would be tilled witi
plenty for horses, miul-s, sheep and cat
tie, aud the sorry spectacle of halft'-fam
ished animals, shiveringin the cold and
rain, and moaning for their stinted ani
often forgotten allowance of shucks
would he banished from among us.
While we do not bank liigh n rye a
-; a w'rter pasture, or at least (n pla,;na
any great dependence on it, it is well t<
have it to fall back on if you need it in
the. lambing season. The seed does no
cost mueh, and putting it in the ground
only insures getting the ground in good
condition. It may be plowed under it
the spring greatly to the benefit of the
soil. or cut uwhen in bloom, when i
make. pretty good hay. and a c:rop o
some other forage be raised on the same
ground the same year.
-When grass fiee from outward mis-
tlure is cut and wilted by partial drying
curing- will proceed more satnifactorilv
if it be put in cock than if lett exposecl
to the hot sun by day and ,lews at night.
This is ; point in haymaking that. can
not be too strongly urged upon those
who are putting up hay. either for their
own use or for market. Tiesun bleaches
and the dew blackens, and just in pro
portion as these results occur does the
bay lose in nutriment, and a greater
loss occurs than most farmers ,re aware

Randall Grass.
'We -re reminded by the following ar-
ticle, by W. F. Ma'sey, in the American
Farmer. that the grass of wihic we have
distributed seed labelled -Fescue- Grass"
has othei' and moredistinctive names, of
which the above is probably to be pre-
ferred., Fescue is a European name for
this and othel species of Fesln1ua:
You asked me to give you snome facts
about R.-ndall grass. It is used very
considerably in some paits of Midland
and Tidewater, Va., and I have been
very favorably impressed with it on the
lands of others, and therefore am now
trying it here. It thrives with some
farmers on dry sandy land and grows
well on high rocky hillsides, but I think
it is at its' best' on damp meadows. At
least such ha'a been my observation. On
uplands it associates well with orchard
grass as it blooms fully as early. It does
quite well, however, with timothy in
moist bottoms, although it blooms
earlier, yet, unlike orchard grass, it will
bear to stand longer.
In some parts cf the State it Is known
as evergreen grass from its affording
good winter.pasturage. In Virginia it
is the first grass to give a bite to cattle
in spring, and makes, on moist land, a
magnificent second growth. The gen-
eral opinion is that it does best sown on
oats in spring. I have a piece of fertile
bottom lard part.of which is inclined lo
be wet. This I have sown in oats and
am seeding a mixture of Timothy, Red-
top and Randall grass on it, using the
last two. sorts largely because of the
heavy aftermath they usually make.
The Randall grass is Festuca elatior
and is known by the names of Tall grass,
Meadow Fescue. Randall grass and Ev-
ergreen grass. From all the informa:
on I can gather I am satisfied that it
will be a lvaluable.grats for our bottom
lands.- Seedsmen catalogue thisgrass as
Festwica ratersis,' which is a mistake,
as the true pratenss' is a much dwarfer
form. Dr. Vasey, in his work on Amer-
a- .- ican:grasses. says that it is one of the
s.... andardimeadow grasses of Europe and
S-- is an introduced species here..
= Profesdbr. Phares.-of the Mississippi
Agricultural College, an authority' on

It.'::,: : :-'i# -.
_t _. .. -1 ' ..- _-.

grasses, says: "It grows well in nearly FLORIDA COCOANUTS.
Is all situations, wet or dry, on hill or bot.-
torn land even though subject to over- A Grove of 300,000 Trees in
S flow, and matures an extraordinary
quantity of seed. The seed germinate Dade County.
readily, and it is easy to set. a piece of There is nothing that can be grown
rt land with this grass. Seeded alone. 28 but what somebody else will raise it, and
is pounds, or about two bushels of seed, Jersevmen seem to be ahead, especially
wv should be sown broadcast in August, ingrowing the sober-loking cocoanut,
SSeptember, October. or from the middle which Sinbad gathered by throwing
, of February to first of April. From re- stones at th, monkeys. who bombarded
o. maining green through the winter it is him n ith the fruit in -elurn. Ezra Os-
f sometimes called Evergreen grass, borne, of Middleionn, N. J., an enter-
ce Mowed and dried it makes a g:,od hay, pricing farmer, has now runme than 3110,-
- much relished by stock." ilii trees planted in Dade county. Flor-
r--.-*--- ida, next to the Atlantic ocean, covering
CLEARING LAND. nearly 1 000mi acres, which will come in
is beating in seven yeats, when each tree.
n A Better and Cheaper Process it isbelievedl, will produce annually four
Dollars, making it one of the most pro-
'e Than Hand Grubbine'. ductive opeiaztonn in tle wuitld.
y Er!:.:.r F'.:.in ,,i ,-,i F ,r,-. ,.i. 'i,,, ',. r.' o,..:..- Trees are more productive in Florida
Pi Peil.aps no qlutestion ent rs into the than anywhere else, and Mr. 0. deserves
, political eCOnc.L oy f the tiillIs if the great succei s for his plitick and energy.
it soil .more than h- o.ne embraced in the His location is along the ocean in Dadde
r ;ai.-vre liad line. Clearing land by lIanIl county, Flotila. Lacked by ba)s, rivets
e i ,not .culy ex p.: n-_-ive, but td...n-:ly aud-lakes, making it one of the nuost
- slow, not to mention tie unreliable man- picturesque and bh-autiful plates in the
d ner in wh ich it is ?o often done by rine. country. Thii ii especially true of the
F- spr.nsible persons. whbole Biscayne legion., and .Le thou-
The problem of doing the woik expe- sand piciure-que islaudseor lkeys formed
lJitiously andl thoroughly by the id of a by th,. coral reefs which crop out of the
h team. hai be-n satisfactorily solved and si-a all the way fh.om Cape Florida to Key
5 fully eLxempllified by Mr. George A. Rob- West. a distance of 150 ewiles.
d in on, of Cliulu:.ta. Fla. His plan is to Along these keys our own citizens,
r put a cutter-bar iuto a stiorng plow beaui Me'sts. T. A. and 'E A. Hine, of Wood-
r- At an anlie of five :.r ten '.Igrees. iu- side, have puichas-d and planted some
o ,'.liue.l :..-ckwarJ, followed by a "-bull of the finest localities. On Long Key
Tonguee' tosteady the cutter. One heavy they bought last ear a glove of 13,0i(i'
h mule >t.r -Ioise (an do the wotk. but a trees, which ,ere put out four
double.team is prefeiaile. It is es..ential to six years ago. many of which
to succe- that thlie cutter bar be kept are now from ten to twenty fev,
d well sharpened. The cutting should be high. and will be in bearing three
d about twelve inches apart, and the cross- or four years hence. This is the-
cut at same distances. oldest and finest planted grove of cocoa-
A breaking plow is lien used to turn ut tiees in Florida. These gentlemen
5 over thlie ctl in the ordinary mariner. own the whole of Sander's Kev, and have
g and to loosen the. ehort cut o,.,ts, afterr made various orher puichales along the
o which a harrow drags the roots into coast, for the planting of which they a %,
windows for burning orpiling in heaps. nowenegotiating in Central- and Souffl
t The work is done effectively, and "'lays America fot caigoes of seed nuts. New
a'vway over" any hand grubbing evr a- Jer ac- Jersey, and especially its metropolis, Is
Scomplished by the best of laborers, well represented in this new industry,
Roots three to fourinchesin diameterare and is deeply interested in its success.
e easily cut in twain, and the same plow If that region was at all accessible, it
t beam can readily be used for the cutter- would soon be taken up by winter tour-
f bar and bIreaking plow by a simple ex- ists and persons wishing to get into a
e change. mild climate, but the transportation now
With a double team and one man, an is such it is almost impossible to visit
a'.re of land can easily I.e cut, doss cut, that country. This past winter has
broken up and dragged inside of three proved that from Jupiter Inlet to Key
days, and the work thoroughly done. It West is about the only pluce along that
usually costs from Pe0u to .30 to hlire an coast exempt from the co'd. The J., T.
& K. W. R. R. has been lately
opened to Indian river. The
1" Florida Railroad IE being built
Sto Indian river, and probably
S\hbefore long will ibe- extended
.l ,I to the Florida keys via the
114 B Atlantic coast, which will
'-iill open up for tropical scene I
i l,,i it_- iil I ii I- gand tropical agriculture the
... ",best and grandest part of ihis
S- _cot tn y. t
-- .- -_ Tropical fruits of all kindsi
cau be gowun here, it being t
A p.I r NEv. L.ir.. the only safe place, on ac- r
Withb etaading c:uter,.r cutter i.ar irtt.bed r, t r.ln. rling count of climate, in the Uniited
IItrlI:r ,1.ia. ht-i. States. The list of tropical a
products is a long one, and
acte of land indifferently grubbedt by vely profitable to grow, bringing in ;
hand, after which the breaking costs M5, net returns of several hundred doll, rs
and the hand-picked roots s ,ell the an acre. When a Jersey Yanke ast.its r
bill two or thuee dollars more for the in he is bound to be ahead. There
same acre. The total cost by the Robin- will, be quite an efiiigration to the t
sou cutter-bar, breaking and dragging, tropical region next fall from this State.
only amountstotheoimplecost of break- It is a-capital place for the Knights of t
ing under the primitive system. Labor.-Newailk Daily Advel tiser.. a
We live in an age of general progress, b
steam, electricity and labor-saving de- c
vices, and if people cannot keep up with Blood Navel Oranges.
the procession, they will inevitably be Editor FhIrida Farmer anmd Iirii!.-Grow'r:
run over or left far behind in the great I see in last FARMER AND FRUIT-GROw- t
human lace. Verily, Mr. Robinson has ER an article about a -Blood Navel." I
inaugurated a most desirable reform in The "Maltese Navel." or Navel Mal-
the clearing of lands cheaply, and he de- tese," is a distinct variety. The Beau-
serves the plaudits of those who will, no clere grove, of this lace, contains a
doubt, wisely adopt his method, not only number of such trees, as well as "Oval
in sunny Florida. but elsewhere, in all Maltese Blood" and the pear "Maltese r
the future, or until it is improved upon. blood." General Sanford's Belair grove e
TREBOR. contains them as well. The buds for the e
CaErLUOTA, Fla., July ?l, 1887.. Beauclerc grove were obtained from
there. C. S.
Cynthiana Grapes. BEAUCLERC, Fla., Aug. 3, 1887. a
We acknowJedge with thanks a basket *
of the famous CI nthiana grapes sent us Largest Orange Tree.
.y Prof. E. Dubois. otTallahassee. We o e t re ie
were just starting for Pablo Beach when Folrt Harley, about three miles north 0
the grapesarrived,aud so we carried-them of Waldo, is noted for the largest orange g
along, and of course were not selfish tree in thetate. It is now the property b
enough to eat them all ourself. A por- of Mr. R. W. Campbell, railroad agent b
tion of them we left for our venerable at Waldo. It has never been affected by t
and venerated friend, Gen. F. E. Spin- the colds or frosts. It measures nine a
ner-he being absent sn the time-.with feet around the trunk, is thirty seven 1a
a note explaining that the Cynthiana feet high, And has four forks eighteen n
was considered the best of wine grapes inches from the ground. The two larg- %I
for Florida, and wascultivatedona large est measure four feet around, the two 'I
scale by Professor Dubois for that pur- smallest three feet six inches. It was
pose. A few days afterward we received damaged by fire a few years ago, but is
a note from the- General, in which he now as vigorous as ever. It has borne
says: "The grapes are very fine, almost 10,000 oranges in a single year.--Altoona
too good to make into wine. I think Register.
them preferable for desert to most of
the grapes now in use for that purpose." -The Knappes at Blake, Volusia. v
A. H. 0. countV, have drained, with the aid of a fl
a windmill, an extensive marsh and will ,li
-The lemon groves around Leesburg go into trucking on an extensive, scale.;..t]
ire well fruited, and shipments will soon They will also plant out a large straw- o
commence, berry patch. re

-:-" ".. --I. .


The melon worm is proving to be, in
A Duval Co. Orange Grower's many parts of the country, a mos de-
Sn sutiVuctie enemy to melons, cucumbers,
Successful Experience. pumpkins and. other ciiurbitaceous
EJteo FK lido F- l '.jira .l. P.-i I.rii'i: plan's. It goes to work in an exceed -
We never saw an orange grove until ingly business-like way, making skele-
five years ago. We have lead all we tons of the plant leaves or excavating
could about orange culture, including numerous cavities in tihe fruit where it
tle valuable articles in the FARBUR AND appears. Sometimes it forces its way
FtRuil-GROWnER. It is evident to us that into the melon until out of sight. though
there is as much diversity of opinion on more frequently it makes a shallow cav.
the subject as therp ii- of soH now culti- ity an eighth of an inch or more in
vated in orange groves in Florida. We depth, and in this pursues its work.
will not presume to teach others, hut The melon woim is about an inch and
will merely relate our shot experience. a quarter in length when matured, of a
We began with a groveof 500 seedling light. yellohwish-gieen color, and nearly
trees of all sizes, about 12y5 in beating. trans'ucent. The moth is remarkable
We were late in beginning the tist sea- for its beauty, its wings being pearly
son, as the bearing trtes were in bloom white, bordered with a narrow band of
%\ hen we took possession It is all high black, its l-gs and body white, and the
hanirmock land. On some pa ts tbe trees abdomen terminated with a feathr-like
we-re in good, thrifty condition, aud tuft tipped with white aid bllack. In our
some pai tswere unthrifty and looked V
as it they needle] immediate atten-
t;on. A few had scale. We gathered
about fifty loads of half rot-eu bul- 7
rushes, and such matter as is found K
oi, [he Ihore of the St. Johns. and
after giving the grove a good clean-
itg up, hoeirng around the trees, we
spread the vegetable matter about -.
those that looked unthrifty. as we
had nat enough for all.
We bought an Acmre hbairow and LIO!I
kept it going with the hoes that sea- .
ion. The trees took a fine start. The .
next spring we started early digging
muck, of which we have alundanu.e
alongside the glove, real, "Sim,:.n
pure." wi bh no sand.
We spread it broadcast, on the sur-
face, and whitened it with land plas-
ter to hold the ammonia and dissolve -
the muck, and found that a moutb
later the barrow would pulverize it
well. We did not get over the whole
grr with hemuck until the next
Siice then we have used a Fmall
amount of other fertilizers, not oser I1-
$160 worth in the five years. We have
plowed the grove not once. The h&ar THE MEtLONA W.:.r. ,PhaI.i,tra lphtin m,i.,
row-and the hoe have kept it clean i i-;r Lra, Cii-yaiis nd Moth.
fiom January to the last of August.
At the end of thesecond season no one accompanying illustration, thechrysalis,
would have known the trees. Nearly all worm and moth are shown. This worm
the small trees had grown about four belongs to the same genus as the pickle C
times the size at which we found them, worm, the moth of the latter differing I
and the larger ones doubled. Since then from that of the former in having the .1
the grove has grown so fast that we use ground work of the wings a bronze-.yil '
no fertilizers, unless we find a tree which low, and the black bolder a. little
the great freeze injured. To such we broader.
have given muck and cotton-seed meal Efficient remedies for this pest arestill I
mixed with land plaster, and they have wanting. Palis gleen and Landon pur- f
done wonders in making up the los.- pie wou'd probably prove effective, but t
frorni the freeze. We have no more it is not safe to use theAe on account of (
trouble with scale. We applied a wash their liability to poison those wlhoeat Ihe %
ot lime water and sulphur in the fist fruit. Pyrethrtni, or Persian Insect u
place, and have had no trouble since the Powder, might prove as effective in rid s
trees became thlifty. A more thrifty ding the plants of the worms, and it a
grove ii hard to find, and it is heavily has the advantage of being euttiiely v
fluited this year. The fibrous roots fill harmless to human beings. Whatever d
he .ground all over among the oldest poison is used, it should b- applied to d
trees. Nothing could iuduce us toi plow both foliage and fruit, inasmuch as the s
bhe grove, and thus destroy ibe fine destruction of the former will prevent c
roots. the latter from coming to maturity.- i
When we have harrowed the grove- Southern Cultivator. t
always choosing dry weather tor the pu.r- if
pose---.e roll the gioun. down again Opposed to the Septuary Plan.
.mooth and solid. We would not do O o t i
vith'out a good roller. We find that a Editor Flortda Farmerard P-uit-irou.er: t
ain that. will not wet the loo'e soil will My principal objection to the septuary e
penetrate the rolled surface, and meet arrangement of orange trees in groves is s'
he damp ground below readily. It also that this plan leave. less room for the P
prevents the loss of fine vegetable mat cultivation of other fruits in the same
er by the winds and hot sun. Our or grove than thie arrangement of trees in
anges,though some were rusty or brouzed squares. c
before, wete all bright last year. We In the septuary system each tree is in h
cannot account for this in any way, as the centre of acircleof trees, sotospeak, t<
more rusty fruit was produced In Flor- adbd there is no other centre in which to ti
da-last year than usual, and we hear plant another tree without crowding the T
hbA some groves were rusty which had orange trees. wbeieas, in- the square w
ie.r been so before. form, with a distance of twenty-five o
I the spring f 185 we noticed that feet, the centre is really eighteen feet u
o ide.rablemos was growing on the from each of the trees of its square, and g
ody of the orange trees and increasing. at this place a tree can be planted with re
re, als!'leard of the foot rot in ample room for many years. Compara- tl
a gros, which was alarming grow- tively few now set out a grove of only T
eisnd-they were 1. buying the right to orange trees, and it is an important ad- o
dila wash as a cure and preventative. vantage, and often a real necessity. to i
Sdeclined offers of that kindand raise other fruits in the young orange
m e a thin whitewash of lme, adding grove to hel out on the expense heof
a ndful of flour of sulphur to the pail brn ng the after into bearing. Then
fr hitewash, and applied it to the.body vegetable and forage crops can be more
&it a whitewash brush, after brushing tsactornly worked where the trees e
Dfr'le moss with a atiff broom The old are in squares, and where a good quan- an
oer said we would make The trees tity of muck can be had it can ie de os- n
S re ad injre toh .rowth. We cited in the centre of the squares an al- ar
id toune trnie a yer later w oth. ce lowed to pulverize and cure without, in 8C
ot.bdt, bn r, th r da oitn vier any way, interfering with the cultiva-
iht bark, without weany moss ertion of the grove. "The scenic effect" of
noa bfo washing, not because they the septuary plan is considered by many a
rlean, but w as a protection from e the most pleasing, and tis may becon a
foeant W ashaprote onfn in wipos- ceded, yet the arrangement of trees in s
rsning all fruidi trees once in two or squares is not without beauty, which tt
k e years, in the winter months. would he more appreciated if it were not c
FOwLER & HUNTTINO. socommon.
T -oGROV E In his article, in issue of 27th inst.,
TER V" "ROw Mr. Parsons says, in the septuary plan tr
,ar J sonvil plowing can be (lone three ways; in the B;
S* square form only two. He stirely must hb
., gentleman near Madison is de- have overlooked the fact that there is at
tong two large fields, comprising some nothing whatever to interfere with the 1(
Of or more acres, to hay. this year, plowing of the diagonal lines of the in
6Ing'Jertilized, plowed and harrowed square form, making. four for that ar- .b
land with that idea in view. On rangemruent. i
_nof the fields the grass is now about For all purposes of.. vegetable and for- B
ealy for the reaper. age growing dind for the cultivation of ol
Ai -.-


fruits in young orange groves. I prefer
trees set in squares, iu favor of which
there are many more reasons which must
be apparent to any farmer and fruit'
grower. A. L. DUNCAN.
DUNEDIN. Fla.. July 30. 188'.

Cost of Strawberry Growing.
Editor Flornd Farmintc 'a Fri d-',oiwr .r
Several correspondents have requested
me to give estimates of the cost of an
acre of straw btries. These are gener-
ally more or less nonatisfar.tory, but I
will give one that would not he far out
of the way for the LAwtey latitude, for
the fiet year:
Onr.- ron f-i niiz.r............ ...... ...... l
-1.. 1 r, r .-......... ... ....... ........ .. ... .....
Priat iringl btcJ. .. ...... ................... "t
uit nr.al rt aaw terldni rlog... ... .... ..... i
i i[ vn i L ] ..... ...... .... ......... .... i.
A pply d n it.h. ......................................... 10
T .i C:..l ..................... ...... ............. : i
This brings the acre down to the time
of picking.
As to varieties best for Florida. Law-
tey giower-' would answer v -ittiout hesi-
tation. the Newnan Improved. Several
other. have been tied heie. but of these .
only tw,.i aie wolth merit:oning; the
Wilson wouldl rank second probably,
and tlie Hoffman thiid,. Judge Cessna,
the eminent authority on -trawberries,
thinks the Hotfflmon ihnuld not ie plant-
ed until Octobe-r: it I.an not withtand
the midsummer heat as the Newnan
This is also theesxpelieu(ce ol the Law-
tey growers. Ti e Hoffman is a larger
berry than the Newnan. and would
make a fine "topper." if a few plants
were interspert'ed in the beds.. But the
beginner will north go amiss if he plants
his beds solid with the Nev.uau.
More will be said in the next papers
to planting; the last of Augustor first of
September iseatly enough.
LawwEY. Bradfora Co.
... .---
Improved Packing fMaterial.
An already esten.Lve use of "-wood
wool" is reported in France-a new ar-
ticle, consisting of extremely thiu and
slender savings of -wood, that are
comparable to paper cut for packing.
It f wTighs about. 410 to 50 )_-peicent less
tif~h the materials generally used for
such a purpose, ana its beautiful ap-
pearance, fineness, and extreme clean-
ness bave-brought it into great favor.
It was also soon found to be well adapted
for the manufacture of mattresses, for
hlie filtration of liquid, stifling horse-
'ollar-, etc.. the most suitable spc'es of
wood being selected for each of these
uses. Its elasticity causes it -to be con-
sidered the best material for bedding,
after boise hair, and is, in fact, prefera-'
Wle to any other substance when it is
derived from resinous wood, since it
toesuotthen absorbmnoislure In work-
hops wood wool is tending to replace
cotton waste for cleaning machines,. and
t has likewise found an application on
hlie rollingstock of railways for lubricat-
ng car axles; \%ibile it has the same
property that cotton was'e has of absorb-
ng oil, its cost is many times less than
hat material-these various advantages
explaining why the use of it has become
o extensive in so short a period.-
Pacific Rural Press.
-Reports from the farmers of Leon
county give assurance that the recent
heavy rains have not damaged the cot-
on crown as was feared. The plant isre-
aining its fruit and is growing steadily.
'he yield so far is very fine ani .picking
will soon begin. Crops of corn and
their supplies for home consumption are
usually productive. The farmers are
reatly encouraged at the prospects for
relief from the depression occasioned by
he short crops of the past two years.
he outlook for the increased prosperity
f Leon county is very flattering and all
idications point to permanent advance-
nent of community interests;

-Current reports in Orlando say that
hough stock has been taken to establish
another bank in that city ; and that the
ew institution will open for business at
a early day. It is to be located in the
south room of the new Kedney building,
whichh is to be especially fitted up for the
purpose. The stock is mostly taken by
rlando people, and -will-be somewhere
bout the figure of $50,000, unless it
should be decided to -largely-indrease
ie capital stock and admits Eastern

The largest olive grower in this coun-
y is Mr. Ellwood Cooper, of Santa
arbara, California, who has 60 acres in
hearing olive trees. He sets out many
acres in olives every year, but as. it takes
0 years for the trees to come into bear-
ng, it will be' well into the next century
before he has the thousand aces in-bear-
ig, which is the limit of his.ambition.
.e is also the- largest manufacturer of
live oil on this side of the .Atlantildo-

*r .- .-' .. .

- -c -~ S~t Wiifl. eOY'


258 -.

Crrhaddand afden


The Happy Mean Between Two
Editor Florida Farmer and Frwuit-Grower:
Your honored initial contributor, Mr.
S. Bigelow, took for his subject clean
culture. He recently gave us a second
edition, and one might infer from his
unqualified earnestness that- he plows
and cultivates from January to Decem-
ber. It seems like threshing old straw
to say another word on the subject, but
I think it has been treated too indiffer-
ently and I will venture to place another
paper at your disposal.
At the outset I will say the necessity
of clean culture is too well known to
neged argument, the only question in my
mind has been how far to carry it, tak-
ing into consideration our peculiar
climate and soil. Mr. Bigelow quotes
Florida and California writers, in an 'ab-
stract way, to all of which I say yes.
In regard to California we must bear
in mind that its climate and characteris-
tics are the opposite of ours., Her rains
come only in winter and average ten to
twelve inches. During the win'.er of
1884-85, it was only about two inches,
and the cereal crops were generally a
failure. This is not uncommon. A
friend of mine told me he lost a fortune
In advances to farmers by the failure of
three successive grain crops, by winter
droughts. During the other eight or
nine months a dry air and scorching sun
prevail. An Eastern man can hardly
conceive the desolate, parched dryness
of unirrigated land.
In Southern California, before drought
begins to pinch, the grove is plowed, the
S-land is drenched and afterwaids kept
thoroughly cultivated to prevent evap-
oration of the precious water. The
plowing, irrigation and cultivating are
repeated ,several times during the dry
season, otherwise the fruit would be
small. I saw in a grocery in Los An-
geles oranges no larger than billiard
ba I Is. for sale at twenty for twenty-five
cents, stunted no doubt by lack of water
during the growing season.
I do not mention these things to dis-
parage California, but to show that her
ways are not for us to follow in all re-
In Florida we have tropical rains in
July, August and September. During
the other nine mouths she has much of
the seasonable rains of the temperate
zones. This is a most fortunate climatic
arrangement, and we may justly say,
Florida felix! Happy Florida.
On the other hand, only by Anglo-
,.. Saxon intelligence, industry and capital
has a portion of California been re-
S claimed from a desert condition. The
present wvter supply is all. monopolized
S and in use, and] the lordly capitalists are
constructing vast storage reservoirs in
Sthe mountains to h01old back the winter
rains and melted snow, to develop an-
other portion of the land. These shrewd
men secure the now almost worthless
Island at nominal cost, then with the req-
uisite water, you know. Mr. Editor.
what exorbitant prices they demand for
Sthe land. They hare created- great
Value where there was uone and deserve
large compensation, but, there is little
chance for men of moderate means,
none whatever for poor men except as
laborers and servants.
STurn back to Florida. Consider her
finely tempered climate; bercbeap lands
and free homesteads; her fairly fertile
and easily worked soil; her abundant
rains, besides her vast subterranean river
that can everywhere be drawn from in
boundless abundance, at moderate cost.
Tue poorest manofordinar-y intelligence
can make a home and fortune here.
Again I say, Flor/itu .t/Ii.'
Science and nature often appear in ar-
ticles on clean culture, but without ex-
planation cof the one, or the older of the
other being given. Nature is ever busy
creating and increasing fertility. She
clothes the earth with herbage: she inter
mingles shrubs and vines, and canopies
all with giant trees. Not an inch of
ground is left bare if there is moisture.
All of this infinite variety of vegetation
is drawing nourishment from the earth.
air and water. Part of the herbage is
anuuil, all of which, roots and top,
with the leaves and debris of the others;',
.go to enrich the ground. Heat, mois-
ture, oxygen, acids, alkalies, bacteria,
etc., are at work on these, and on the
minerals in the soil, to convert them
intoplant food. On the other hand an
infinitude of animated beings, from the
microbe to the largest beast and bird.
feed upon the vegetation and so return
itto theground in the best condition for.
fhe growing plants. The animal and
vegetable worlds are in equilibrium and
if the order of nature is not interrupted
the land cobstantlj gains fertility.
When civilized man enters the prime-
val forest, he reverses the order of na-
ture. He clears the land pf all indigen-'
ous. vegetation. He exterminates its
wild. animals, even the human vanish
Before him. He introduces other races
.of plants aud animals,' and from the
stored, up fertility: of ages. he revels in
plenty. He forces all the fertility into
his crops and by clean, culture suppresses
ev-ery effort of nature to, recuperate.
The crops are consumed elsewhere, and
the land gradually declines to barren-
.-aess. .-.
'Such is the inevitable result of clean
culture in field and'grove unless fully
-reinforced by manuring or by allowing
: nature to restore it in her own way. But
the enlightened- farmer can work in
-harmony with nature and have abund-
... ant crops, at the same time. fully main-
trainingg the fertility of his land. But, to
do this he must have a full proportion of
.,animals ortbuy fertilizers." The best way
is tojkeepthe; animals-and supplement
h- liberaUy.wit.H the'hthers."- -
-_laJanuary we fertilize the grove with
' i "' .'"; :- -' "



composts aud comnertcial, plow thrnem
in, and cultivate'clean until about the
first of August, then let the grass grow.
During the first six months the rains are
generally sufficient, sometimes scant,
never too much. The trees draw heavily
on the soil water, and evaporates it
through their foliage.. Grass and weeds
would do the same, if permitted. Clean
culture, during this period,, husbands
both water and fertilizers and prevents
evaporation from the surface.
When the daily drenching rains come,
the water sinks away as through a sieve,
3 and unless prevented, the dissolved and
- soluble plant food will leach away.
SPhosphates and potash being minerals,
Snot so much of them are lost, because, by
' a slight chemical change they revert to a
Less soluble condition. Butthe nitrates,-
the most expensive of all, are very solu-
ble and fugitive. Nature seems not to
have made the same provision for them,
and they go with the water to the
streams and ocean, a total loss to the
owner. That they are restored in some
way is sure, but how is not well under-'
Nitrification in the heat and rains of'
August, goes on rapidly, faster probably
than the orange roots can take up the
resultant nitrates from the water as it
sinks through them. Now, if the grass
is allowed to grow the roots will fill the
soil, and thus both may be able to take
up the fleeting nitrates and other dis-
solved fertilizers and so prevent loss.
As soon as the shower is over, the sun
shines hot, the grass and trees dry off.
and begin to pump out the- saturated
soil, and draw up, by capillary attrac-
tion, some of the water and fertilizers
that may have been carried below the
roots. The capacity of the grass and
trees for drawing up and evaporating
water is immense, and this action, I
think, may bb considered a factor in
saving fertilizer.
Thus from food that might otherwise
be lost, together with atmospheric am-
monia gathered and deposited by the
rains, comes a heavy crop of crab grass,
probably three tons of root and top, to be
returned to the soil In this we have
followed nature. In January we gave
the land its full quota for the trees and
enough to balance the loss caused by
clean culture.
For every climate and soil nature
makes special and, ample provision to
sustain herself. Crab grass, hated and
dreaded by lazy farmers, if not the best,
is one of her best gifts to Florida, and it
is but lately that we, have understood,
appreciated and learned how to get the
full benefit of this precious gift. As soon
as we expose the land to heat and light
by clean culture, crab grass comes un-
bidden, unexpected, the most abundant
and persistent plant in.Florida. It is an
anuual with astonishing self seeding
powers; Its top is large, affording a
beavy cut of riche:1t hay. Its multitude
of long, ttiread:l-like roots, fill the sandy
soil. to which they arc perfectly adapt-
ed, and the plant, having fulfilled its
mission as an annual, dies and gives it-
self wholly-except its seed-to enrich-
ing the soil. Now it is well known that
the fertilizing value of any vegetable
is-in proportion to the nutrition in it,
hb-nce the great value of crab grass as a
soil renovatir.
What shall we do with the grass? The
obvious intentionof nature is to have it
go back to the soil in some form. If
there isa stock of cattle on the place, as
there should be. it can be pastured or cut
for hay and the manure returned to the
grove. It may l.e plowedunder in No-
vember, or if it be thought advantage-
ous to have a coat of dead grass to pro-
tect the *orange roots against frost, it
may be left until late January to be
plowed in with ithe fertilizers then ap-
plied. Experience will determine which
is the best method, but I believe no one
can make a mistake in having a big
"bunch" of cattle to feed upon it as pas-
ture il hay.
To perfectly invert this heavy growth
of dead grass, a resolving coulter is
needed. It has been suggested to attach
ancox chain to the whiffle-tieeaud beam
to drag down the grass in advance of the
coulter. Thus covered iu I have been
surprised to observe how soon it is de-
composed aund incorporated into the sou.
Let us study nature by observation, ex-
pel iment and reflection.

To Stimulate Early Fruiting.
There are two methods by which
young fruit trees may be made to bear :
1. If they are in healthy and vrigorous
condition, by seeding dowu the lind to
grass, and using only fertilizer contain-
ing a large per cent. of phosphoric acid
and some potash, such as equal measures
of bbone meal and unleached wood ashes.
2. By girdling the main branches. This
method requires considerable courage,
but if properly done no bad results will
be noticed, It is performed in June
while the bark will peal readily, by tak-
ing out a ring of bark from the main
branches about a quarter of an inchin
width. Care must be taken that the soft
cambium or minor layer is not injured.
Performed in June of'this season .a good
crop will follow next. year, b'ut. to pre-
vent injury .to the-trees by overbearing,
'a liberal supply, of. plant food must~be
applied next fall.-Prof. S. G. Maynard,
Massachusetts Agricultural College. :
-. .. -. -
The Peach Tree Borer.
The Southern Cultivator says : The
practice of hillihg peach trees is by .no
means a certain or absolute preventive,
but the experience of- many-including
our own-is that the ravages of the borer
are ei'eatly mitigated 'thereby.- The col
lar of the tree, down to the main laterals,
should be cleared of the soil, making a
sort of basin around the tree, about the
first of November. About the first of
March draw up the earth around the
bodyv6f the tree in a sharg hillocks'say
one' fdot. high. .Repeat -every- fall aidd
-Bradford county crops i'iomise to be
exceeding good this year. _

The Fruits of Japan.
The following very interesting and
parently accurate account of Japan
fruits, appears in the Florida Agric
lurist under the caption, "Our Jap
Correspondence." and over the cred
"H. H. Berger & Co.. RrKo'be, Japan,
Firm and Garden":
I would like you to give some space
your valuable journal io some renma
about Japanese plums, relative to wh
more confusion has existed am<
American nuiserymen, than about a
r-ther fiuit. Next fall I will be plea
to furnish you specimen fruits and tr
of each variety. To go back to
source of the tva ious names and valrilt
put on the market, let me first state
Fifteen years ago the Japanese G
eminent, ever eager to improve
country, first formed the Kai ta-Kuc
or Department of Agriculture, for
introduction of foreign varietiesofgra
fruits, etc. The experiments w
mostly carried on in, tLhe island of Yes
which, up.to that time, bad been visit
by but very few Europenns. The brat
of .horticulture was placed under
tmanagqment pf.a first-class Europe
horticututist, who formerly had cc
pied the.position of managerof the R6,
Gardens of Hanover. All desire
fruits, such as cherries, apricots, peachli
plums, green gages of all Euiope
sorts and varieties were broughttoJ
pan. and cultivated with mote or-i
success From the island of Yessr tili
trees were, in the course of years, d
tribute to the main land, a good ma
finding, their way to the city of Toky
among the many Japanese nurseries e
listing there. Through ignorant part
these European varieties were boug
up. aud for the past three or four yea
have been exported under various nan
as natives-of Japan. The only variety
of plum, native of Japan, and worthy
be exported, are' the Botankio, or b
known as Kelsey's Plum, and the H
tankio, both varieties similar in eve

A Favorite Variety and the B
S for Drying.
Editor P .:.rId.i Fj i-- ", ..-,''. -...,c.--
About seventeen yealm ago I pl'I:.i
cuttings of all thbe :liffleienit van'ietit
figs I could find an.d set themni out. I
very good success in getting then
take root. The second year some
them bore fruit, and, two ,ittle lii
not more than two inches long at
time of piant;u.n, whihIl w-ere taken f
a tree on an C-Id -settlet'p place near
Ockiawaha Rivltr, called, locally,
Sugar Fig, rivaled all thie cti-eit
growth and in productiveness and sw
ness of fruit, so much so that in a
years I discarded all others for those t
Tteyv aie somewhat tropical in nat
Their last growth gets killed back s6
winters when we have ice. Never
less this .does not seem to interfere N
their fruiting, for in the follow
spring if they fail to put on fruit on:
old wood, they never have failed to
on a heavy crop on the new growth.
fig at every leaf, and sometimes twi
more. -When half grown they shoi
clusters around the stem. From
short joints the tree seems to pre|
itself for holding up the coming ci
but its heavy foliage and abund
crop of fruit, gradually weights
limbsdown over one another until
bottom limbs rest on the ground, gr
ing on under the others, their e
turned upward as if to recover their
right position, and' so with the -t
limbs near to the top, which is n
open. Thec'entral upright branches
forth more vigorously than the oi
portions of the tree and so remain u
their turn comes to bear fruit.
The regular crop ripens from the n
dle of June till about the middle of Ji
The fruit is light colored, of medi
size and always turns down at the si
on commencing to ripen. On inch
it off at the stem if the milk cease
flow it is ready to eat. If the- ju
while in its milk state, touches the
it will make them sore. If it is show
weather and the fruit should have
or two showers on them while ripedi
they will crack at the blossom end, ;s
and fall. Otherwise, if the fruit is',
tected-from the rain, the milk cihar
into a bright, sweet syrup, and wv
plenty of dry weather it will frequent
candy and sugar on the tree.
With plenty of sunshine the fruit
be successfully dried on scaffolds
covering the scaffolds first with
leaves, then placing the fruit on thi
with another layer of leaves above
keep the sun from scalding them in
heat of the day. With precaution
placing them in proper position the
will settle down fiat. While dry
there is no need of turning them 6o
The least they are handled while dryi
the better and sweeter they will be.
dry them in large quantities one wo
need an evaporator. A3 for mysel
like them best fresh from the tree.'-
,neighbors and visitors come and hel[
eat them, praise them, then begin to
gotiate for cuttings. The birds fe
upon them and the chickens have f
access to them. All like them, and s
two bushes furnish fruit bountifully
one month in the year. Thenearest t
to the dwelling house is 52 feet and
roots are frequently dug up'around
house a half inch in diameter. Oni
sticking out of the ground at this ti
at one corner of the house, in the idli
tion of the water shelf where the w
water is thrown. I gave the trees
special fertilizing some years back wh
gave them a vigorous and heal
growth, and the3 seem iohave kept it
The fertilizers used were fowl house a
stable manure composted together, a
pulverized marl mixed with an eq
weight of black jack ashes, moistem
and allowed to stand until loose a
mellow. The first "as dug into
ground, the latter applied on top a
mixed lightly with thie top soil.
LAI)Y LAsut, Fla.

- :-t -: ~- -

re'-pec't exscopl the I.,.-lom.,r wliclh in t.e one ot the rnoit ralualle aJdil i',:,s to
firEot natinel, is of a rich red; the- last our g-iicultuial nireirests. It i- ally
uanieed. a yellow. h v .edited, pirir.t al. ':i,-c,:s attention to
est Thie Nagate .-which a.airi has two va- matters of primary importance in the
S lictic--tlie laige red round. called Bo- developn:mett of t v:,ri'ts iitdtiiis.i
tan, and -the more egg-shlaped yellow ni i, tcaliee%. ih it a sriiri-.,f euet zv and
plum, called Ogou ibvy some nui'-ri-rvmeu ente-i i'ri.e thIat must ai-J-e-ss irseif Io v- J
ured misnamed "Og'Jtn"lt, the Urva'se. a efly eaicher after iuformation."
sof rather large,.-hhraulartern
S rather large, lobular ei-e Mr. L. Hi. Arniron-, of St. Niltolas,
1ad plum, and the Shito.Smom,,. meani-ng nLial O inty. its under date ':f
Sto White plum (S is.le :-it t ; tmo,.:., pluun, Ar.ril 23th "TuE FL--RttA F iRMER .AND
a 0f r medium-sized, sweet, wlhitish.vell,.w, FPt R-TI-E has far urpued expec-
hb, round fruit. These are the only varie- nation. It sleds light on mauv tsc're
Sties w ci,.h under good cultiati:.l, pro- I-ge i tin ook of FIrid r 'sr,;sl,ili-
rei duce a flue fruit. The Piunus Mum-, so tie in fit. e. live stok and n the
t much used by te Japanese themselves development of her vast stoie .ct hidden
i as pick-ie, is aln icrid trLit 0t very poor resources," .
i flavr. It is called Hanamne by the ,Jap. r
eet- anesecitivae everywhere, a'l pickled Mr. Irving'Keek of tie Bowlinr G.Een
f e an e s e .c i i lt i v a te L a ndea ndwIhp r o v e m e ntpC o m p a n y .
few in salt. somewhat like our ,lives. Land. and Improvement. Company.
wo. There is no peach or apricot, native of wntes under date ot May- 2d :-T We
Ure. Japan, fit to eat. The pears, which are tbinksTte FARMER ANlD el i tTGROWER
cme evidently of the same origin as the' Chi- the best to be had for taimeIs finFl-i-
tihe- nese. Sand Pear, are very hard, watery,- ida. We always get new ideas from it."
vith and only edible if canned-never in a Mr. E.W. Amsden, of Ormondl-onrthe-
"ing raw state. For grafting fine varieties Halifax, writes as foll-ws: "I am tak-
:the upon, the stock is invaluable, the seed- ing ten papers on agricultural subjects.
put lings being of the most vigorous growth, and if. asked to surrender the FARMiER
one totally free from the blight or any other AND FRUIT GROwER. I would tell them
p or disease, and very hardy. These pears, to tLke the other nine. but leave me
vin as seedlings, cannot be toohighlyreccm- that. May peace and plenty and yeats
its mended; they are very hardy. if grace be given you to continue tite
are Among the plums, Botanklo and Hat- goOd work."
rop, tankio are not quite as hardy as the two : Rev.T. W. Moore, of Marion county, J
Giant varieties, of Nagate, which can stand writes: "I believe your paper will do a
the quite a good deal of frost. As we have good work in dissentinating new ideas in
the all our stock-propagated in our nurseries, regard to I.ittit raising, farming. sti.ck
ow- worked by Japanese, under the supervis- raising, etc."
nds ion of a good European horticulturist, '.Mr. H. G. Daniels, of Amelia Islaud:
up- we can vouch for all and every tree im- Judging rni rowhat I have seen of the
Sported by us to be true to name, which FIRMR-. NDFt-R i
if bought up, mdiscriminately i'on Tap- best agricultural papcr published in the
put anese gardeners, cannot be aid. Will South I predict immen succe for t"
other let you hear more in a short time. I .... imme. nse sucess foi- ."
hneil yo ha me i so Prof..S.N. Whitrner, of the Agricul-
tual Col'ege of Floiida. writes as tol-
aid- otton Stalks for Pea BPUSh. low: can say in all sincerity, it ha,
sly. Here is a useful hint -to truckmen. exceeded my iuntstsanguiueexpectations.
ium Some of the farmers around Summit, Already it is without a peer iu all the
tem Miss., raise a great many acres of early South."
Ling peas for market.. They also grow cotton. Mr. Charles W. Stevens of Orange
s to Late in the winter they plant one row of county writes: "Your paper far ex-
ice, peas on each side of-the row of cotton ceeds the hopes of tile mot. sanguine
lips stalks, and these stalks support the vines in its good work. It fills a want
ery and do away with any necessity of long felt in this part for a -vood a-
one "sticking." The pears are off of the ricultural paper. Success to yu."
ing, ground in time to prepare the land for Mr. I. A.Waxd, postmaster at Mal a- ,
sour the cotton crop again.* Two crops on r A m adete t
pro- same land in one season. The idea is a bar, writes: "I am delighted with the w
ges good one, and isworthy of trial by others. FARMER AND FR IT.-(GROWER, and ret-- Li
ithe gd e1 i ommend it to all on account of itsecrm- ec
itly A word to the inexperienced about plate adaptation to thel wants of this lat-'
starting a strawberry bed : Set out only itude. Other agricultural papers con- a
can plants that have white roots. In lifting tan on an occasional -article of inter- re
by plants, some with black roots, others est to the farmers of South Florida, who
ycare little for dairy news or genel b
big with light-colored roots, will come up. a-m oy th Nt s og. ut t earti l i'
e The former are old; the latter young, farming the Nortl, but te anicels In P
Sto and the only ones fit for use. We have FARE AD FnuT.;R.OWR are al
the heard of some short-sighted nurervmen "go'-d.ey good, and I wish vo.-u the -uc-
in sending out black-rooted old plants to cers you deserve foar furnishing Florida
figs customers; it. is a shabbytrick, andsuch farmers a paper that just -'lls the bill.'"
ing plants will be refused by readers of- Mr. C. H. Goodrich, of Orange Park.
Ver. Popu ltr Galidjening. writes: "I must say that the FARMER
ng, UANt) FaRurr-GPOWER is decidedly the best
To HOW PAPER IS READED. publication of the kind in the State I
Tuld I E take them, all and can compare their
d : _merits."'
Phe ewo Many TxrsinsoIehs" .
he A Few of any Expressions of Prof. D. L. Phares, the eminent pro- Th
I us. Approval. fessor of biology in the Agricultural Col-'h
lege otf Missis`sippi, says in the Southern Ir
n" Mr. W. W. Dewhurst,of St. Augustine, 'e Sck Joa,'l: His [the editor's] i
ea writes of the F A FR ROWER ekornal: Hs[the editor
'rae un of the FARMER ANll 'Fuir-h GROctW valuable paper already appearing in the,
frree under date, f July 13:s, 1,[1t s c h a r a, i e r is !i !ii:i"A
.till greal in advance of anvthing ever be-first numbers are fulfillingour expeca-
for greatlted in Florida oitclas and tton and prediction. They may be fully
trfore pr'iuted iu Florida o~f its-class, and
tree its aim is so near what we have relied upon for t:-onscienti('us correc- A
re it aln s-o near" what we bare Iong
its needed that I feel it a duty togiveitaid o statement and scientific accur ha
the The farmers and. others holding the in- acy of detail. o
9 is1 terests of theStateabove private specula- Hon. J. Wm. Ewan, writing from
Ime lion, must organize to control the Legis- Miami, Dade county, says : "Certainly
-ec- lature aud they need a newspaper to you are doing a good work in establish-
ash educate them anud prepare to work out Ing an enlightened and scientific syatenim A
one the subjects" for legislation and secure otf agriculture, which heretofore has ex
lich unity of action." Jeen seriously neglected. Your paper is
thy MrJR Ca bell of Paisle wr inviting in appearance, pure in senti-
up. Mr J. R. Campbell. of Paisley, writes menit. and] progressvinpnclead
ad. to usas follows: "Out of five papers ,s sie iu principle, and
d take, yrurs is he only one I read every must succeed. A
la, word of." Mrs. A. H. H., of Winnemisset, Fla., J
e :" AND writes as follows: "We are new comers e
ned G.W. V. writes "' The FAN-ivA-D and have much to learn, and your paper
and FRuIT GROWER I believe is destined to is-just what we have wished for ever
Ilie be a power. Being centrally loc acted, as since we arrived here. 'Our Cosy Cor- an
Ind a medium (of communication between ner'contains just what every woman in sur
diffe'rentSEctionsand interests its worth Florida ought to read. words of encour- o
cannot be timated. agement and comfort to the homesick.
Mr. John A. (.3ermond, of Keuka, weary, struggling sisterhood. God T
writes, under date of July 5, as tollows: blss '"H. H.' May she live to write
-'1 consider the FARMER ArND FRUIT'r- many words of cheer. Her recipes, too,
(3GR'WER tie peer of any agricultural are so well suited to Florida. As our ho
ap- paper published in the South." resources in the country are limited. kc
,ese Mr. W. C. Plyley, of Orange Heights. they fill a large want."
ul- writes. under date of July 2: "You can Mr. F. C. Cochrane, a bookseller and T]
,a not imagine the solid comfort I get from stationer of PalatLka, writes, under date
in the sensible advice given in the FARMER of June 1: "Your FLORIDA FARMER ANKD
* AND FRUIT-GROWvER, in all matters per- FRUIT GROWER is a perfect success. It
in tainiug to the farm, from your able is far ahead of anything of the kind in
rke corps of contributors and the logical the State, and every one interested in
icl, views of tihe editor. The paper isa God- horticultureor agriculture should not be -
send to the granger who is threading without it."
ng the labVyrinthan ways of Florida farming apt. R. E. Roso. president of the St.
any and fruit g p.
se and fruitgrowing."( Cloud Agricultural and Improvement wb
es Mr., P. C. Minnich, of Waldo, writes: Co., writes from Kissimmee, under spe
the "The new paper is just what all engaged date of June 10th, as follows: "The
lies in tilling the soil should have. We like FARMER continues t,) improve, aud, as I am
the the style in which it is managed. Facts predicted, is becoming the standard ag- ral
and not boom talk is what is needed for ricultural journal of the South."
or- the advancement of Florida." Mr. G. M. Whetston, of Mikerville. cot
the Mr. Charles FI-. Oliver, of New York Columbia county, writes under date of it
-hi. City, writes; "'I have seen but two June 17: "I enclose $2 for the FARMER6 6e
the copies of your paper, but am much AND FRmTi.-GROWER. I will try and get pat
in, taken with rt, as I believe it is honest, some more subscribers for your paper. I
ere You have no idea what. trouble we have have seen two or three copies of it, and
sso, to find out anything about Florida that think it is the best paper of the kind I
ted can be believed." have ever seen, and the only one suited Pt
nch. Mr. Percival Brewer, of Monmouth, toourcounty."
the Ill., writes, under date of April 9th: "I Mr. F. S. Sorague, of Federal Point,
ean thilk your paper the best agi'i-ultural expresses his opinion as follows: "I have
en- paper published in the South." taken agricultural and horticultural pa-
blei Mr. J. V. Danshy, of Pensacola, ex- pers for years, and unhesitatingly pro-
p-esses himself as follows: "The FARMER nounce the FLuRtDA FARMER AND FRUT-
'es, AND FRtT-GROWER is the best thing in GROWER far superior to them all. You On'
an its way I have seen. I is just the paper need not entel tain fears for its'success. Six
needed, and if ybu keep it up to the pres- Its merits will win its way. Pleasesend Th,
ee nt standard of excellence must become mean extra cotr to send to a friend in
is popular with the people. I can't see Michigan, who will. probably wish to
i where you have left any room for ir- subscribe." -
n Drovement."
ex- Mr. Thomas Meehan, the distiugished ln *
ir.s hoi ticulturist and proprietor of the Ger- Strawberry Pl ts
ght m antow n n urseries, in a letter dated : "
ars March 5th, writes: "I am very much C
nes pleased with the -FARMER AND FRUIT- "S"OlE,* F-A T ,'I ".
is GRCOWER, and shall read it regularly, -' c
to which you know is a high compliment The pure Nunan, the most profitable variety' aho
eat for an editor to pay to an exchange." for Florida. Per 1,000, 3.30t), carefully packed
at- Hon. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee; writes as and pd o- ree dresto WMpt JAM-Sc
'ry follows: "I look upon your paper as P. ;0 Box8, oJackEonvile, F'a; .
P O a Bo "(8Ja


Poultry, -
S Veterinary
.Practice, etc.
iJ be conmcributed to by persons who have made
ecitlhtes of those branches.
All portions of the Slate will receive a doe
ount of attention, and their interests will be
presented by able correspondents.
UideDr no cLrctLmstances will thisjoaurnal be-
me the "organ" of any association or locality.
will start out untrammelled and .will repre-
it all sections and interests with absolute im- .
rnialry. -

,blished at Jacksonville on Wednesday
of each week. ,..
t~m Z 0- r~ o '-'-
a-Tear ........... ..200 ,
SMonth R 1.....00 l
ree Months -50 .. ",
SP so IM E N OO Pr MS : E.rR M .- '. -. -'" "
smaosx ors a .. r .-' ..

kddres, subscriptions and otherbnaige..es corn-' .'. -:
nicationa to ... ., .' -; '-, -

o B Lr S BQm a ts .' '.' ';" :' ,'.? :" -. : :, '
Commnunacatibms tortle W dtorialbepatrnept -
ald be addressed'. o '
A. H. CURTISS,Edtor,-
.- -lacksoV11ii,-Fliib;
: -' .-..-
"- -'. ?- --. *J.- .





. ~l ll r^^^

Weiok Joliriiia,





Tnic journal will hare for IL6 leading'objectl .
S prort.t.:.n -iA rior-il indn'riesin Florida, and
ill airVucate .-qpectIlly a more diversified and
tnsiv, syVte m of nmenclttre and greaterr
TOMMnmOy ot acm1e reslurcees.
Anouinin, that theL griciuirural adaptahons of
large portion of Florda are as yet bur imper- --
0,ii' aiei-mtood. a spe-eal aim of this journalI
l] be to decent'ie thbesr results whiJch have
n.- a ,:iopltsned, with the exact methclasem-
*rcd. and aiU i.flueances affecting qneb resurits;
_o to suggest experiment. describe new or irtle
mnr-n ,rop;, trujts, etc., and record theprogresa-
- agricirturre in neighborming States.
C',:,nmiier'cg w lt the f'rst number and con-
Lhitrig through ithe season for -

Tree Planting,-
er, will be a series of articez on frits-other -.-
an t_.) e of ith ,.tr- grn- oup.-whiel hare
oved most euc-',-sful in this State. Each vf- -
ty will be de.c.r;bd and

nd there will be notes from persons who have
ad erpnriece in its cultivation. This-will be
LcoNed by a slmi1ar series on

Forage Plants,
md otnersubjects will be illautrated to a limited
Much attention wilt be devoted to

Live Stock
id to the home production of forageana fenrili-
r., two eco,:nomies which are essentiaLto suc-
sttill farming.
Questions relative to ailments of domestic
txmals Awili be anowe-red by an able veterinary
rgeon wbo formerly edited a like department

Purf, Field and Farm.
A due amount of space will be devoted to
isehold economy and to reports of the mar-
is, and the departments of






Natural Laws Which Farmers
Should Understand.

It is of paramount importance to thor-
oughly understand the physical proper-
ties, the mechanical division of, and the
texture of a soil, and its relations to heat,
air and moisture. Upon these qualities
the fertility of a soil greatly depends,
and its agricultural capabilities cannot
be accurately estimated without the
careful consideration of these properties.
The great deserts do not necessarily
owe their barrenness to poverty of the
soil, but more to the meteorological in-
fluences, such as the prevalence of hot,
parching winds, absence of water
courses, rains, etc. The meteorological
conditions are most favorable in Florida
for the growth of vegetation.
The classification of soils depends
almost entirely upon their mechanical
properties. They are usually classified
as sandy, sandy loams, loams, clayey
loams, heavy loams, marls, calcareous
loams, and of course there are innumer-
able graduations between these. In
Florida most of our soil is sandy. But
we have good clays, sandy loans, etc.
Loams are a mixture of sand, clay and
humus, and can be considered as typical
soils. Out of our sandy soil we can
easily make a good loam by the addition
of a little clay and vegetable matter.
Soils are generally termed light when
sand greatly predominates and heavy
when the clay is in excess. But, when
we consider the absolute weight of a
soil, we find it necessary to reverse these
terms, as the more sand a soil contains
Sthe heavier it is. Bulk for bulk a sandy
soil weighs almost. one-third more than
a clay soil.
Sandy soils generally contain a less
per cent. of plant food than clays, but
owing to the fact that they present one-
half more-weight in a given space may
really offer as much food to the plant as
the clay.
The resistance offered to the imple-
ments of cultivation, and necessary to
overcome in tillage, is due more to ad-
hesiveness than to gravity or actual
.The finer the particles of the soil are
divided the more nutriment it affords to
- vegetation, as there is a greater surface
exposed to the action of heat, air and
moisture, and to the absorbing tips of
the roots. The plant food as it. exists in
-.: "the soil, must pass into solution either in
the water of the soil or in the acid juices
of the roots of the plant. In either case
S the rapidity of solution depends upon
the extent of surface to this solvent ac-
tion. Therefore we see the importance
of good and continued cultivation. The
more we work the soil, the more min-
ute will become its particles, and the
more fertile it will be.
The soil possesses the property of with-
drawing the vapor of water from the
atmosphere, or, to use the techinal term,
is hygroscopic. This is an important
property, as the permanent moisture of
the soil depends not a little upon this
fact. Other vapors and gases are ab-
sorbed with the moisture also.
Sandy soils have the least attraction
for mriisture, and therefore are very
dry. This dryness can be overcome to a
great extent, by the admixture of a little
clay or humus. Decayed vegetable mat-
ter'surpasses every other ingredient of
the soil in absorbing vapor of water..
We can supply this by a dressing of
leaves, pine straw, composts, or by green
;, manuring, which is the best of all.
'- The hygroscopic nature of soils is no
doubt partly due to their chemical com-
position, as well as to their porosity.
This property confers upon the soil the
power of gathering water from the air
in the cool night time, even when there
is deposited no rain or dew. Ift it had
not this power, our vegetation would
literally burn up in some parts of Florida
at certain seasons of the year.
The surface of liquid and solid matter
attract the particles of other kinds of
matter, which is illustrated by the phys-
ical absorbing.power of the soil. for the
vapor of water. This force of adhesion
acts upon bodies which exists in the
gaseous form, like the gases of the at-
mosphere, overcomes, to a greater or less
extent, their tendency to expand, and
condenses them into a small space
The gaseous mixture present in the
poresof the soil. i. e., the air of the soil,
very seldom has the same composition
as the atmosphere, nitrogen generally
being absorbed in a greater proportion
than oxygen. The soil also absorbs of-
fensive and putrid effluvia, oxidizes
them, and thus adds to its store of plant
This property depends directly upon
the extreme porosity and minute divis-
ion of the particles of the soil, the great
surface presented producing the neces-
asry conditions for this chemical decom-
All soils are capable of absorbing
water in the liquid state, as well as In
the form of vapor. This property is
called capillarity, and is of the utmost
agricultural Importance to the fertility
of the soil. The extent of this action
depends upon the texture of the soil It
.. Jis greater jn proportion as the pores are
freer. A clay absorbs and retains much
more water than a sandy soil, in fact,
retains too much, while sandy soils re-
.-- : tain too little. We must have the me-
-. dium soil.
% By this time we see that most of the
physical properties of a soil depends di-
... rectly on its texture or the state of di-
.vision of its particles; If we have a soil
: -consisting mostly of fine sand mixed
;- with a little clay ard vegetable matter,
S and oui' drainage-be good, we have a
B"' .soil possessing all the essential physical
properties necessary for producing mak-
tmum crops of anything. It will absorb

water Crom the atmosphere and wate.
from the rains, and retains sufficient to
supply the crop in cidry weather.
Soils yield a portion of their water to
the atmosphere by evaporation. The
greater the depth of a soil the greater it
power of retaining moisture, and thi
deeper it is worked the more vapor i
will condense within its pores or inter-
spaces. -In dry weather the surface soi
yields up its moisture to plants and to
the atmosphere, and becomes dry. I
then exerts its capillary attraction upoi
the almost invisible moisture below, and
the water in the subsoil gradually rise:
to the surface, so long as the evapora
tion is going on, unless it becomes ex
hausted-on the same. principle that we
can burn a lamp dry, by having one end
of the wick in the oil, and after the oi
has permeated the whole wick, and -by
lighting the other end-the oil at the
flame is consumed, and as each particle
disappears, its place is taken by another
from below, the oil gradually climbing
up the wick until the lamp is empty.
To have a continuous upward move-
ment of the water of the soil, it is esseh
tial to have evaporation from the sur-
face, which is almost continually going
on, sometimes even in damp rainy
weather. When it rains the water is ab
sorbed by the surface soil and is carried
by its own weight down into the subsoil
where it is held in reserve until needed
at the surface. Therefore, in every soi
there is a continuous movement of water
back and forth. This water of the soi
is never pure, but contains in solution
the gases of the air, and a portion of the
soluble constituents of the soil. These
substances rise and fall with the water
This action of the water of the soil plays
a very important part in supplying the
roots of plants with food. When the
pores of the soil are not full of watel
they are filled with air.
The next important physical property
of the soil is its relation to heat. Soils
differ in the rapidity with which they
are influenced by the temperature of the
atmosphere. If the sun shines directly
on the soil, its temperature is higher
than that of the atmosphere, but as soon
as the sun sets, the soil rapidly loses
heat and its temperature falls below that
of the air. It then condenses within its
pores and upon its surface a portion of
the atmospheric moisture in the form of
dew, which is most beneficial to vegeta-
tion in dry weather. If the temperature
be low enough, the dew is frozen and we
have frost. -
The relation of the soil to heat is
greatly influenced by its capacity of ab-
sorbing and retaining moisture. Other
things being equal, dark colored soils
are generally warmed more rapidly than
light colored ones. If the soil is satu-
rated with moisturr. it absorbs heat very
slowly Consequently clay soils 'are
termed cold, as they are ofteu wet and
dry slowly, whilesandy soils are called
warm:'. There is often from 1. to 15 de-
grees difference in the temperature of a
wet and dry soil. The-wet -soil rE quir-
ing such a large quantity of heat to dry
it, or evaporate its water before it can
become warm.
Wet soils need good drainage and
thorough cultivation As a soil becorn-s
richer in organic matter its capacity for
absorbing heat incr-ases in the same pro-
portion. An excess of moisture in the
soil greatly retards its power of produc-
ing early crops. To prod uce early crops
we must have a soil which can be easily
warmed and does not become water-
Surface Irrigation.
J. M. Smith, President of the Missis-
sippi Hort cultural Society, says: Where
one is so situated that I-e can water his
growing crops artificially, witlout.-in-
curring too much expense, it is a fine
thing. I have practiced it to some ex-
tent for a number of years. My water
works were built when my garden con-
tained only twelve or tbiiteen acres. It
now contains at least forty acres. and as
a matter of course the machinery will
not raise and distribute water sucieient
toreren one-half of it.
A few things should be remembered
by those who contemplate artificial wa-
tering. Suppose that you have one acie
of cabbage that you wish to water. To
do this fairly well requires at least 31,-
0l).) gallons of water, and this will need
to be repeated at least as often as once a
week until rain comes. To make straw-
berries do their best in dry weather re-
quires considerably more than for cab-
bage, and it must be put on oftener. To
merely sprinkle the ground when it is
very dry is, in my opinion, a damage
rather than a benefit, for the following
reasons: It hasa tendency to form a thin,
hard 'crust, both air and water tight.
Neither the damp air nor the dews will
pass through it; neither will a light
shower. It requires a heavy rain to dis-
solve it. Thus, you shut out the bene-
fits to be derived from the cool, damp
night air, the heavy dews that we often
have. also the little sprinkles of rain that
are almost sure to come occasionally,
and in the place of it get practically
I am not guessing in this matter, but
speak from practical experience. For a
couple of years after my water works
were put up I wasata loss to understand
why it was that our watering had so
little effect. I bad a piece of early cab-
bage that wassuffering for want of rain,.
At last the men were told to put on
water until the ground was thoroughly
soaked for at least six inches deep. -They
did so, and I learned two things by it.
One was that a thorough watering
would make the plants grow: the other
was that it took a great deal of water to
make it thorough. Hence, if you water
at all, do.it well. Nosystem of artificial
watering that I have ever tried is equal
to rain from the clouds.
I do not state these things to discour-
age anyone, but because I believe them
to be facts that should be known to those
who contemplate some improvements of
this kind. My water works cost me
nearly $1,000, and I have no doubt that

Furnished at $1 per hundred, $8 per thousand,
five hundred at one thousand rates
'al.i<:,, FhL


r they have more than once paid for !of any kind, and not a moulded vine
o themselves in a single season. I intend among the lot. But the beauty of the
to enlarge them before another growing hay was that it did not shed a leaf worth
season overtakes me. anything.

o SUB-IRRIGATION. Sumatra Tobacco in Florida.
S___ Mr. Frank H. Stout, editor of that
e An Alleged Infringement;of Mr. mdl South Florida weekly, the Fort
It CMyers Press, sends us from that place
t Cole's Patent. :several leaves of Sumatra tobacco of that
i Editor Slorida Farmer and .Fuit-Grower: Iocality'S pro'liicLtion which we are
o I find that Mr. E. 0. Painter, of the bouud to pronounce first-class in every
t Agriculturist, at DeLand, has. according respect. He says that "it has not been
n to his own statement, adopted what he properly handled orcured," but that "an
d denominates the "Marsh" system of sub expert there says there isnoquestion but
irrigation on his grounds at DeLand. that it could be made a superior wrap-
SHis announcement necessitates my de- per, and command in New York, Ha-
Sclaring, in turn, that what Brother vana and Key West .$1.50 to $4 a
Painter denominates the "Marsh" system pound," adding, "our people are turning
d is, in every essential feature, the one their attentionto tobacco."
i patented by my son, Asher P. Cole, of This we are glad to learn, for we are
y 449 Henry street, Brooklyn, under au- convinced that in that direction lies suc-
e thority from myself, as discoverer ; the cess The samples sent us, as already
I patent granted July 22d, 1884. stated, are very fine, exhibiting all that
S"The Marsh system," as Brother Paiu- delicacy combined with strength of tex-
g ter denominates it, comes only from the ture which gives to the imported Su-
fact that, in order to prevent the water matra its great popularity as a wrapper.
from sinking into fathomless sands, ce- We submitted the samples to Mr. F.
. meeting bottoms of beds or trenches be- A. Gonzales, superintendent of Perry &
- comes necessary. This will be found Co.'s cigar factory here, and he was de-
g requisite in localities where porous sands, lighted with them. He is a Cuban, and
y and those of gravel, and kindred sub- an expert in cigar tobaccos, and pro-
. soils prevail; that is to say, in absence nounres this as fine as anything he ever
d of artesian wells, or drawing of waters saw. The price named may be some-
from lakes or other sources of constant what above the mark, but there can be
d supply, Where water in inexhaustible no question as to the quality. Florida,
i flow can be had, no necessity for cement- from the Perdido to the Caloosahatchee,
r ing will exist., is bound to come to the front in the
1 So soon as sub-irrigation is well under- matter of this important industry.
stood, and my simple, and comparatively Mr. Gonzales rolled for the writer a
economic methods are adopted, it will cigar of extra bulk and length, using
be found costing not more than one dol- half a leaf from one of these samples for
lar where the methods of Mr. Marsh will wrapping, which, in point of beauty and
s cost five, and I think my system will not smoothness, will compare with anything
cost, on the average, to exceed one dol- in the market.-Tobacco Plant.
e lar where that of Mr. Marsh costs ten. *
r I shall say no more at. present, but Topping Cotton.
would nevertheless venture to suggest, Many experiments have been made in
that, in view of the fact that it seems a topping cotton in the last forty years,
settled thing that the Governments of and theresults and conclusions have been
States, municipalities and Nations are to very diverse. Sometimes it pays: often
s adopt my system with which to reclaim it does not; some imes it injures. No
hitherto arid and waste lands, and the rule can be given that will always wor.
i further fact that my methods are being e al b t in toppi g is to pr entk.
approved by the press everywhere,,and further growth of weed and forms after
commended by the greatest philosophers -the-plant has as many as it can sustain
iand scientists of all nations; that editors d he n m would be too late
of newspapers w do well to make and when new forms would he too late
of newspaperswould do well to maketo mature, the idea being to induce the
haste slowly in setting examples which,- plant to row all its igor into effort to
5 followed to any considerable extent, develop the forms already visible. Th s
would; as it looks to me, bankrupt the object, according to our observation, is
party adopting it in the end. objrarely accottardined by merely removing the
As regards the experiment with tile rarely at of the plant, but may often
made at the Harlan Hotel, Lake Helen, growing top oheant, but may often
by the Ho. H. A. DeLand, my very beaccomplished by topping or lo-ping
high regard for that gentleman has for- wwf the leader. In most cases wheres, as
bidden my doing more than merely topping cotton ilesulted in increasing the
mentioning it till now. Should Mr. De- yid it might have been noticed that
Land secure from any source an ample yield itrk a dne havather early-some-
supply of water in constant flow, and ti work was done rather has observed
will admix clays arnd mucks with the that tks o cotton that were opped b
sands of his grand garden, and that stalks of cotton tat were toppe
make use of his tile for overflows on,the bite of the plw ior muchearly in t
and substitute shell for tile in reservoir season are often acde much ruases the effect of
trenches, he will have seven acres of the erlvtoppings was probably to push
garden paving good profits annual t rl on ophes h s into e vuch
iftythlt.u-and dollars at least. I could the branches of the stalks into more vig-
lelt stake li; garden. at'd with andc- orous growth, scauing a more rapid evo-
pense of front three to five hundre'i d lution of forms. On the ,hole, we have
lars a'n acre, make sure of annual pro but little faith in topping cotton as a
of a thousand dollar-, per acre. certainly part of a regular system.-Southern C3ul-
at prices for garden products throughout tivator.
Florida during my last winter's sojourn What an Old Farmer Says.
in that State.
Only five dollars is called for to pay My experience taught me that-
royalty on the first acre fitted under One acre of Iend well pre ared and
what is denominated "Cole's system." well cultivated produces more than two
One dollar an acre is all required there- which receives only the same amount of
after f.:,r use of the patent. Again, I say, labor used on one.
the entire peninsula of Florida is to Ie One cow, borse, mule. she.p or hog,
sub irrigated. There is but one right well fed. is movie profitable than two
way to do ihis. and with sensible men kept on the same amount necessary to
that way will he discovered at a glance keep one well.
and adopted. A. N. COLE. One acre of clover or grass is worth
AWELLSVILLE, N. Y., July 30, 1887. two of cotton where no clover or grass1is
Stringing'Barbed Wire. "No farmer who buys oats', corn or
String Bar-bed Wire. wheat, fodder or hay, as a rule, or ten
Iu a recent number of the Prairie Far. years, can keep the sh eriffaway from his
mer I saw an illustration of a device for door in tb. end.
s'ringing barbed wire from a sled. A The farmer who never reads the papers
way that I think is superior, and asks and sneers at book f9rminngand imptove-
for no sled or carrying the wire, is to ments, always has a lea-ky roof. poor
place the spool on end at the first post. stock, broken-down fence, and corn-
Take a crowbar and put the Little end plains of bad seasons.
down through the holes in the spool. The farmer who is above his business
and let it go down into the ground and entrusts it to another to manage.
eighteen incites to firmly hold the spool. soon has no business, to attend to.-Tex-
Then put the eid of the wire through as Stockmau and Farmer.
the ring in the whiffletree, put on a

horse and "'pay out" tue wire. It un- -All crops in Leon county this year
winds readily, does not unwind too fast, will yield well, the prospect being bet-
and there is no trouble about the wire ter than for twelve years past.
"following a horse." or danger to work-
men from scratching and tearing
clothes. In crossing hollows and de-
pressions in the surface, where the wire
is apt to lift. the posts up and out of the
ground, and "*slack the wire." the best J. FLETCHER HURLEY, Prop'r,
way is to omit the post in the lowest de-
pression and "'-dig a big stone" partially GRENADA. MISSISSIPPI,
into the ground. Around this wrap a
wire, then pull the bottom wire of the Breeds Prize Winning
fence down to its place, and wind the Plymouth Rocks, Wyandoltes, Brown
wire on or about it, and then the next, Leghborns and Bronze Turkeys.
and so on. This holds the fence wires
down to their place, and also makes a 000D FOWLS FOR SALE AT ALL TIMES.
good post. The same thing in a brook is
admirable. If stone cannot be had, a EG IN SEASON.
"chunk of a log" will do.-Prairie Far- EGGS IN SEASON.
mer. Won all the Leading Prizes at the
er --.-S-- North Mississippi Poultry Show at
Curing Pea Vines. Water V aiJey. F-eb. 9 to il, A187-
Farmers wishing to Improve their stock can
A South Carolina farmer writing to get SPECIAL BARGAINS op me. I also sell a
theSouthern Cult ivator gives hisplan of
curing pea vines: First-Clas Incubator1
Last year I had about nine acres in
peas, planted after I cut my wheat and Poultry Journals and Books at Reduced Prices.
oats. As soon as some of the peas were wt fo waalogue and Price List, free; or
ripe I commenced with a mower drawn Please mention this paper.
by two mules, cutting only one row at a
time, until I finished cutting them. Bee and Qu ns
When I commenced cutting the vines, I
put one hand to putting the vines in Orders wil be booked now for delivery dur-
hacks in straight rows along the piece of Ing April, May or June, of my superior race
pea ground, and as soon as the hand of pure
finished putting the vines in hacks or .
shocks, I commenced the next day haul- Italian T B Oe
ing and putting them in a latticed crib, 11111ial .uuu ulu UlluuiOn.
placing a layer of pea vines from two
two-horse wagons together, and then a aI'-] Queens by mall a specialty.
layer of dry rails or poles on top of first I(lyve me a trial oider" 3S EE?-
loads, and then another two-horse load of -
pea vines and then another layer of rails lFor prices or other Inlormaton,.addreass]
or poles, and I continued in this way -
until I had filled my crib packed full of 3H. C.- HAITs
vines. Now, I have never seen finer hay Eusils, Orange Co., Fla.

Kelsey Jaan Plums, Olive Trees, Oranes, PFigs, Lemons, Pecans,
By the doz-n, hundred or thovand, also a full supply of other Nursery stock adapted to
Florida and tb 0[" Ih 7-]. Vrlrte i'oi Prices. Catalogue free on appicatlo o ....:..
G LEN ST. MARY TRSERIES, L,.Taer, Mo.,,- Glen St Mary, Fla

Are in readiness to Mail FREE, on application,

to any address. Conimmunhate wath E. H. TIO)N, Manager, Lakeland, Pollk Co.. Fin.
S size 40x100 t TLAKE VIW on. Lake Kingsley. CIn.v Co.. only $10.
G RO feetin _-"t _, V i,, choice 5-acre tract for an ORAN-GE-
GROVE costs but $100.
High Tolling Pine Lands, Salubrious Climate, a good invest-
ment. Send 2-cent stamp for Maps, etc., or remit P. 0. Order or ; 11
perfect, from the -

P. 0. Box 1.5%,Jacksonville. Florida, 39 W. Bay St.

Ste,'merI are naiorled t. -'iil fr.:.m Per .,. E. R., N., Y., every Tuesday. Thursday
and Snturd ay.tl3nIn. M.-
FROM .( KIi.MON-ILLEt-CHEROKEE new,. and .EM1'OLE !new', every FRIDAY.
The Fr-o.e ht and P',e inger A' :':,n dari.:..n.. byr th Lne are in-iurpased. oy'any ships in
the .e.a w a ,e. erv'.e. i-,r hfril' r i Dforwrins .n. irpirlv to r "-Fo
Fernanlna, Fla Ja.lcks'..nvule, Fl.. W. c.,r. Bay Jd.,Iogan.
T'EEO. G. E,..ER. rI-r:itfi M mrie-r. r, r\ .P C LYDH a CO.,
3i Br.:,.J x;,yv. N. Y. G.xerIl A. nti. i B.-al'li,, N. Y.


Winter Homes


Beautiful location, facing on Lake Oriole and on the ,.:-i,,th F.:.r. .adr,:ad. .
Lands all high and drv. New- c.ttlenieut; Lb,tw,e.n t\nnty-rve anl lirtm n.ew houses.
A Church, Scho.-. -.ay mtlad., .[>-r,6e, i,,k>r,---, sawmill and hotel.. large arei afh'ady'plafiitld
in orange groves. Choice -,l,,au I ifo-r winter homes -for sale ti.i.ip. Ten, rwentry and
[tfor acre orange grove lots. A healthy settlement in a healthy State.
Call on or Address.


Oriole, Florida.

Jacksonville, Flo rida


Wholesale Commission Merchant,
|,1,,:,aite: 5-_OUIHERN FRUITS AND) VEGETABLES. CoEranmenti Solticiied.-; Return
LaE l iint .1 d'J f e. it '.
J. 0. 0C B-iOTT\TT,

('Orrane Or-,ves.. Town Lots in BarLow, Winter Haven. Ha-kell. Punta Gorda and Chariot'a
Harb.-,r. to, Sae. Uninproved Lands. ;n mail and 'are, rralcts, ast S',5 per acre, ur,. Choice ten
and forty acre tract. of uod, bigh rolling Pine Lands, near S F. R. R. depth, at i20 to $ 5 per
acre. All property guarante.d vo be as ripr.en-t[.d ,'r money rerfuined
ja Money Loaie. wedT secw'--d, ngoonated at 15 per cent net, to tme lender

- .0-I-,




The Florida Farmr ler Fruit Grower
A. ff. CURTISS, Editor.

Office Cop. Bay and Laura Sts.

GROWER is an eight page 48 column Illustra-
ted weekly newspaper, devoted to the Farm,
Garden, Orchard and Household Economy,
and to the promotion of the agricultural and
Industrial Interests ofFlorida. It is published
every Wednesday.
Terms of Subscription.
For one year:......... ...........................----- 200
For six months 1.00
Clubs of five to one address...... .............. 7.50
-With dally TIMES-UNION one year...... 11.00
With daily TIMES-UNION, six months 6.00
With WEEKLY TIMES, one year-........ 2.75
.$a-Subscrlptlons in all cases cash in ad-
vance, and no paper continued after the
expiration of the time paid for. The date on
the printed label with which the papers are
addressed is the date to which the subscrip-
tion Is paid and is equivalent to a receipt for
payment to that date; if the date is not
changed immediately after a new payment,
the subscriber will please notify us at once.
CORRESPONDENCE solicited on all sub-
jects pertaining to the topics dealt with in
this paper.- Writers may affix such signatures
to their articles as they may choose, but must
furnish the editor with their full name and
address, not for publication but as a guarantee
ofgood faith. Rejected communications can-
* not be returned. -
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted to a limited
extent.. Rates furnished on application.
REM ITTANCE hou I.il be made by Check
Postal Noti-, Mltuy Order, or Registered
Letter, to order of -
Jacksonville. Fal


FIRST PxAGz-Feed and Stock Farming; Randall
Grass; Clearing Land (1llustraied); Oynthiana
Grapes; Florida Cocoanuts ; Blood Navel
Orange; New Method of Culture; The Melon
Worm (n.Ilustated); Opposed to the.Septuary
Plan; Cost of Strawberry Growing; Improv-
ed Packing Material; Largest Orange T'ree.
SEcoN) PAO--Rational Grove Calture; To
Stimulate Early Fruiting; The Sugar Fig; The
Fruits of aJpan; Cotton Stalks for Pea Brush;
The Peach Tree Borer, .
THIRD PAi--Properties of Soil; Surface Irriga-
tion; Sub-Irrigation; Stringing Barbed Wire;
Curing Pea Vines; Sumatra Tobacco in Flor-
ida: T.)ppina C,'tt.,U.
FOURTHrr PAG (Editorial)-With Malice Pre-
pense; Management of Sandy Soil; Altveto
S. the Situation; Reform in Marktink;r: FritL: A
Momentous Question; Sui:--I- ,c'l EI'oi.-
FiTH PAGE-fEdited by Helen Harcourt); Our
Hom- Cirnie; C-- C:.--'.rce.r; T- Family Friend;
Anzw,vnr- trC ..rre co.ri o-,rr,; ("uI Young Folks'
Corner.- .
SieiB PaGE-H7g;e-ne of Animals; Protecting
Aiunma ir.a, Fl-i:3; Cows and What' They
Give Us; Give the Cows Variety; How the
S Swiss Salt Cows; Training a Watch Dog;
Poultry Notes; Shelless Eggs; Soft Food for
Laying Hens; Care of Eggs for Hatching;
Feeding Fowls for Exhibition -.
SEaNTHa PAcE-Farm Misoellany (Illustrated);
S Srnai St.orv', Three Eton Boys, byW. E.
N-,rri'; F',d7 Riltc.. -
C EicTv PA':-E-Fl-"ri]'j, N-.i: in Brief; On The
Sotuit,,ra Cuoft; A Home Market; August
S Weather; Rep.orts o' the New York'andJack-
sonville Markets.

Iny wLih cas fatr-ier, Harry, to iatt rhoaghi."
We may be obliged to descend before
long to unpleasant personalities, if we
ind that certain malicious reports which
S have been put forth are doing our paper
any appreciable injury. At present, we
content ourself with hurling a line from
Shakspeare at tbe adversary, and cau-
tioning him to prudence. No doubt, you
would like the FARMER ANDi FriI.
GROWER to "suspend,"' Harry, but re-
member, Wiisesof themselves arEc impo-
tent, and falsehood is a dangerous wea-
pon to use.
.. In a letter received recently from a
friend, occurs the following paragraph:
"Now. I have heard that the FARMER
AND FRUIr-GROWER was talking of tws-
peitd..'ng. Is it true? If it is. I have noth-
ing more to say. If not trief, I will tell
you how the story came." We replied
that the report had not the shadow of a
foundation, and gave our opinion as to
its origin. Our informant fully con-
firmed our conjecture, and toldius other
reports, which are equally unfounded
in fact.
We would like to treat this matter with
silent contempt, but false and malicious
reports have been given out, and they
may obtain sufficient circulation to do
-i us material injury. Therefore we ask
our friends to report any stories 'of this
sort that they may hear. We have some.
interesting disclosunres to make, but do
not think the protocation. -sufficient as
yet. i. '' -,
.-i On referring t.his matter-to the'pub-
ishers and proprietors'oft.he PA-RuER
.AND FRUIT GROWER, they declared the
Sideatb be one most remotee. r:.fom their
thoughts, and stated thlati'hey had re-
icently declined aQhandisome offer of pur-
chase, it being their.i-ntenrion4 now as
at first, to puph !h.isijounal't .t'he fore-t
most rank among Southern publication'S
of this class. "The FA,E.R AND FRMiT-
S 'GROWE-R has already obtained a promi-
pence and'pbpu'arity to which few/other
journals of ttvice its age ever at failed.
-_Ii short, as tho great newspaper of the
South, the New Orleans Timesj-Democrat,
'observes, "Its success is phenomenal.'
We have plans for opening the second
.year's campaign which-Will effectually
extinguish the last lingering spark of
hope which may--lurk.iri anyuinffiendly


,, .- .

-e ,_ I ." .

breast. Meanwhile we counsel certain
parties not to play with edged tools. It
is dangerous sport.

It is gratifying to note, in connection
with other indications of progress, that
industrial questions generally are being
viewed more and more by plain, practi-
cal sunlight, in place of, the theatrical
foot-lights which have been so exten-
si.vely used heretofore. The "effects'"
produced by the latter may serve the
purpose of speculators well, but for the
production of corn, potatoes, turnips and
the like, we must h've the vitalizing
sunbeam. In other words, common
sense must take the place of dreamy
fancies, before people can earn a living
from the soil, even by the sweat of their
The present number of the FARMER
AND FRUITGROWER contains some emi-
nently sensible and instructive articles,
for which we would ask 'careful read-
ing. Mr. Armstrong's rationale of
grove culture affords a ground on which
extremists may meet half way and shake
hands. It has been our own practice to
keep the ground clean with cultivator
and hoe until mid-summer, fertilizing
only with hammock litter. From July
till October we allow the crab grass to
grow as it will, and then have it turned
under with a light plow. We were con-
vinced of the correctness of this method,
but could not have given so philosophi-
cal an explanation of it as Mr. Arm-
strong has done.
On another page Messrs. Fowler &
Hunting, commission merchants, of
Hartford, Conn., and neighbors of ours
in winter, give their views on grove cul-
ture, which we"believe to be equally
sound. They certainly are so, if judged
by results accomplished, for a healthier
grove could not be found on the Indian
river than that at River View, four miles
north of Jacksonville. Messrs. Fowler
& Huntting.write tous: "The point we
make is the very small expense in fertil-
izing, and that we do not use the plow,
which, we think, is, damaging many
groves." Their belief in keeping our
light, porous soil as compact as possible,
involves a principle which, so far as we
know, has not been recognized in this
State. An authority on such subjects
says: "Sandy soils are improved by the
frequent use of a heavy roller; it cannot
be used too often. They require to be
made more compact. and any treatment
-that secuies this object will -be advan-
tageous." Then he shows how the ap-
plication of lime, gypsum, clay marls,
ashes and vegetable manures, serves
this purpose, and adds: ''Sndy soils can
never be profitably cultivated till they
haveacquired sufficient compactness and
fertility to sustain a good growth of
grass or clover, and when once brought
to this condition, they are among, the
most valuable."
We hope s.-me of our able writers, Mr.
Green, Mr. Lagergren, Mr. Brewer,. or
others who treat of agriculture as a sci-
ence, will take up this point, and that
anyone who ha' observed the results of
rolling or otherwise compacting sandy
soil,will give in his experience. Mr
Brewer's treatise on the "Proporties of
Soil." in the present number, is an ad-
mirable prm-entation of the subject, and
deserves to be carefully studied. When
people learn the requirements of our
sandy lands, discouragement and failure
will become the exception instead of tlhe
rule. One fact we have established by
wide experience, that wild vegetation on
our deepest and coarsest sands is much
less affected by drought than on clayey
or loamy soils.

Mr. Ezra A. Osbotne, the gentlemen
who is engaging so extensively in cocoa-
nut culture in southern Flotida, iu writ-
ing to us, remarks. "There will have to
be an extraordinary movement next
winter to keep up a good travel to Flor-
'ida. Anm making my best efforts in that
direction and hope to do some- good."
There is.need, certainly, of greater effort
than has ever been made in this Stile,
but it is gratifying to see that efforts:are
being put forth to advertise Florida.- as
shre never has been advertised -befbre
The passive policy of taking in .the
shekels of those who happen tq. come
within our gates, is a policy of the past.
Fiorida must meet California half y,
,and put .up as big sign-boards .-sh he
does. -
With a view to the adoption'of a new
line of action, representatives of nore
than half the counties of Florida:.'re-
cently assembled in convention at Jack-
sonville. They were.met by iepresenta-
tires of Southbrn transportation compa-
nies, and all points of thIe situation were
fully discussed- The proceedings of the
convention were harmonious,.and. there
was gratifying evidence of a dying, out.
of sectional-jealousy, which heretofore
has impeded harmonious action by the

State as a whole. Committees were ap- -people better than we- do. We hope so, are- living in luxury and extrava- tire glimpses of fruits, flowers, foliage
pointed, and an outline of work adopted and wish him success equal to his most fgance from :our sweat an'] -labor. and the life and beauty of -the winter.
which we doubt not will result in the sanguine expectations. This done, we can settle the question of months in Florida and the tr6pics, con-
whichwe douba noth will r tinhe san n the product. If we are producing more tasted with their dreanrv surroundings
adoption of a policy which will give a _, .than the market .requires at ieimumoera- iu the frozen region of'the North and
fresh stimulus to immigration and A MOMENTOUS QUESTION. tive prices, our, attention should be West, will be the rffenivd means of
Southern pleasure travel. -- turned to other products. It it will bear attracting travel hitiet ward. The vati-
The Sub-Tropical Exposition, also, has HOW Can the Orange Crop be m,,re. there -are millions of acres and oue transportation lines interested, in
ten b d oi cl s.po stn, alo es H an re Oroan e o millions : do ,llar tt-at Vill readilycon Florida travel should be induced to in-
taken definite shape recently, and gives lade More Profitable? intuit. It will readily be reen that ti elude in all their announcements the
goodprorumise of coming up to the ideas Editor Ftridar.,,, .-r ,,,I.T r ,.ii-iiP,,rv :.. 'plan will be equally adLuaLtdious to the Sub-Tiopicil exposition as an additional"
of the original projectors. During the. The large crop of oranges of I"'. is truck busiuiis. and esptecianlly with suh attraction for the coming winter season.
first half of summer we had but little hastening to the harvest, and the grow- perishable truits as rEtawl.,erTris and TL-tir active co-operation will -prove a
f-"eh in -hi "ri s i" aem rs are all looking for the first tinge of peacb es. main actor in insuriug-success.
faith in this enterpise, as it seemed to yellow and wondering who will be the Another advantage iiilt be derived 15. Exposition stationery, including
have fallen under the control of men first in the market. Thousands ate to frUom sIuch an airranrV-ment in the m.tt-r neat and typical designs for letter head-
unfit forsuch a work. But wiser coun-_ be first. The cars and bats are filled of trauspovrtatiorjn. by doing away with ings.en-tveiopes, etc.,sj,,uld hecontracted
sels have prevailed. An organization with half-ripened fruit. But they all small lots and shipping by car loads. for and furnished to business men at
S.... say, Idon't care, if I can be the iustand Ihuns each community, Cy clubo.ing. cest, fori u'e in correspondence.
has been effected and aplan of. work get the most for them. In ten days cirs, could get their oranges to the market as 16. The exposition music should be
adopted which we believe assures sue- barrels and boxes, are on the way to the cheaply as the large pr,.ducers whu rtn artistic and more suggestive in itschatac-
cess. About $80,000 has been sub- great cities. The people buy and :bite, up to the tens ofthousandis of boxes. ter than the conventional bras band,
scribed, and the railroads are pledged to and wonder if these are the Florida But now the question comes, wll the and porcmenade concerts and special
oranges they have heard so much about. producers see it in thiis light and all come musical entertainments interspersed
an equal amount. With these funds and The first report of the commission in? Will theyvcall county conventions throughout the exI.I,:sition would ad']
additional funds that are expected to oe men is heard, $5 per box The comnimis- and interest.every man? Will teytake largely to its revenues.
subscribed, by judicious management a sion men are all watching the producers hold of it with a will' If they do. all 17. The home market feature of the
diplay ought to be made that will at- and say to themselves, "The first lot we will be well, and our salv.itiou will begin exposition should be steadily kept. in
display ought to be mumade that will st report as high as we can afford, ean.-t. There might. b:e much said view, especially the bringing of orange
must report as highoasawncanvafford, in.... .u, ....
tract great attention and prove a most but will advise -'large shipments, and (n tl i in detail. I hope every paper in growers and buyers in communication.
effectual mean. of advertising Florida's make it good next time. We attend the the State will take up this suh-bject and. The manufacture and sale of Floiida
attractions and resources. ... church with the highest steeple and pay treat'it better than I canr. Let every cigars should be a prominent feature.
In another column we present Direc our pastor ten thousand a year. We man put in hisolbjections. Let us reason The sales of products should be made to
S, + h... ave to subscribe forth foreign mission, together and compare notes. I ttiink produce a steadily increasing- revenue
tor-General Paine's plan of operating, live luxuriously, and we can't live in the day of fancy prices for the orange is from year to -yer.
as elaborated by him previous to his this style on 10 percent. Those crackers gone by. They must be madeastapl., 1'4. The ornamentation 'of the exposi-
election to the responsible office of chief live cheap and don't know how to an- a, wheat is in Minnesota. It. will not do tion grounds should be systematically
director. For this position we consider preciate luxuries. It is true they have to depend on every one who can hare a and steadily carried forward, including
D....neto. 01 eis l fit ted Wner to work in the hot sun and eat hog and store. ?end out circulars and stencils lawns, pathways, fountains, miniature
Dr. ame to be eminently fitted. We hominy, but they like it." and promise check on day of sale. The lakes, flowers, foliage, etc.
have known him for many years As a The next lot is reported: whole business must be based on the 19 While expenditures for the accom-
zealous promoter of and an earnest and 6 l-,ee' i.-';- ......... ....................... real money value of the product. aswith modation of leading features should be
... . 10 'o ,,i 2.111" ... '.', all other staples. We must get out of on a liberal and sufficient scale, strict
emfficient worker for all such enterprises. ,10 ,Io .I, 1.75.... .. ... ................ i7 -,.- the hands of tIhese mei and rely on the business economy should control the
It will be a labor of love with him, and Remarks: Some rather green, and some ai,- real value of the orange. management, and the first annual repport
tlerotttn.- .r II .. .-I
whether the emolumrnts onf the office be .M ". A. Cn'rj-NO, B. I-). attest an encouraging financial suc-
wheterheeolu t fe o e be .Now, the fact is, these, 26hoxes oft PARAIDISE. NEAR WALDO, Fla. cess. Ample capittl.will then be.forth-
great or little-or nothing .at all-he -oranges were all picked, and sized, and .. oruing if increase the attractions of the
may be relied on to give it his very best put up in the. best manner, and were as racti of the
services. Dr. Paine is a gentleman and nearly alike as possible, and probably SUB-TROPICAL EXPOSITION. expsition another season.
all who have to deal with him will be all sold for the same price, say $4 peCorresondents.
box. But here is theamount, $52.50. The Director General's Views Hints to Corespondent's.
-treated with theutmost courtesy. Here come the expenses: s ItsMaaeet The readers of the FLORmA FARMERa
The President, Col. James M. Kream- 26 boxes @ 65 ets $16 90 as to I Management. AND FRUUT-GROWER are respectfully in-
er, the first Vice-President, Major- S. a'a1e ............ 1 .i The tollowing paper was read before vited to contribute to its columns articles
Commission....... ...........5 27, the boatd of directors of the Sub-Tropi- and notes on all subjccts pertaining to
Conant, and the Secretary, Col. Wr. T. cal Exposition on the-?5th ultimo, by Dr- the farm. garden. orchard and bouse-
Forbes, we have known for many,and This leaves the producer $28.85. But Jamee H. Paine, prior to his election to hold affair,. The range of topics which -
years. They are men well qualified for they were sold for $4 per bo and the office of director-general. It may will be discussed in this journal maybe
thyears. They are men well qualified for they were sold for $4 pe box. and be considrted'l as c-mbcdyig tbe general gathered from the subjoined table. which
Under the direction of are The commission men paid out.......e.....' plan of the coming exposition. may serve to suggest what might other-
Under the directionof these gentlemen The commission men paid out ................... 1- (GENILEEN-T-habking yrou for your wise escape attention :
and the Board of Directors, the enter- Andmade 1 6u; ,1 courteous invitation, I her-ewith briefly. FARM M.ANAOEMENT.
prise will be pushed forward vigorously, This is the way they can afford to live outline .,ome of my views as to the man- C in l, rini ln p fr
and during the fall it may he eptd in brown stone froints, and attend the agement of the exposition: Clearing land, draining land, crops for
expect opera. There are. many other schemes- 1. -11 measures adopted should be for n Id3ueino c-as i.teiie
totake form and proportions according that they use t6 swindle the honest pro- its lpermane-rnt establish-ient. arming, treatment of different soils,
to plane now being elaborated. Thesite ducer out of his rights. Of course there "2. The leading design should be the Irrigation, skiing vs. pasturing, cow-
decided on is an extremely eligible one are honorable exceptions, that prove the thorougti exr-ellenice and completeness pennng. green manuring.
beingveryeasy of access from all the rule. of the exhibits a- an exposition of the DOMESTIC AN[MALS.
eiveryeasy o access rom a t Another trouble comes in here. After productive capabilities of ourSub-Tropi- Horses, mules, cattle, hogs. sheep,
principal hotels of Jacksonville,, and the first rpn:ulke, there isa lull. All sits cal State-prominently, fruit, vegetables, goats, poultry-Breeds, feed, diseasees,
having good natural advantages in the of reports come in of the prices, and the tobacco, cotton, sugar. forage. cereals, treatment.
way of watersupply, etc. Altogether, Pfoducer- are writing to see if they will fisheries, fertilzers, etc.-with th-i-view SPECIAL FERrTLIZEFRS.
the prospects of the Sub-Tropical Expo- not better'. But the 'lays are getting of attrac-ting immigration and capital. Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, barn-
..it.i are.su asoi plli wiho- shorter; we are turning awiy from old for their increased development. yard manure, guao, ground bone, acid-
sition are such as to inspireall withcon- Sl,.and this semi-tropical climate is 3. Similar exhibits from other sub- per-phosphate. gptlime, ait,
fidence in its success. Let all friends of getting a little semi-fiigid ; -2 degrees tropical countries shoBld be solicited, fo ashes, marl, muk, leaf mionld, comr-
Florida join hands in furthering this above zero don't do the orange anyv good, comparison, which would inure to our posts. R R O P
and 24 spoils tt. This. is a close mat-gin. beniefit. .RAGE CROPS-
great work. In proportiouas they aidget auxiou. A noth- 4. A large space should he devoted to B') rag P a
it, it willaid them. Therefore none can -ester brings it down to .30. They all competitive county or neighborhood dis- ermudna grass, crab grass, Para grass.
afford to be apathetic, for in proportion jump in, and the market is overstocked, plays of resources. Diplomas of merit Guinea grass. Terren grass, orchard
as they give to it or work for it,Will be and the fruit goes below the cost of pro- or other premiums, to beawarded Vby the gras, red-topgrass, Johnson grass, Texas :
t benefid i- i, 4 dcion. :"Advisory Council, consi-sting ofg one lue grass, pearl millet, German millet,
theeefrbrit.duction. "Adv% i-so ry Council," con i~m'oillo maize, kaffir coin, teosinte. sorg-
the benefits derived Now, the question is, can these Irou- member from each county exposition hum, fodder corn cow peas, desmodi- -
REFRM IN MA-RKTIN FRI.- bles be overcome? Our corn, wheat, committee. hum foer corn, cow peas, desod-
REFORM IN MARKETING FRUITS.. oats, and, in fact, all the essential pro- 5 The departments from the West u, Mexican clover. lespedeza, alfalfa,
.... ducts of this country, have a money Indies and Bahamas should be varied lotus
In.Dr.Cushing's forcibleletter we find value and market. The whole matter aud attractive enough to invite a largely STAPLE CROft. -.
a presentation of facts which the "stern of price depends on the supply and de- increased tide of winter touIist trael. Corn. oats, rye, wheat, rice-Varieties,
logicofetents" has forc than mand. It is a settled fact that the To secure this result a duly authorized yield per acre. soil and season, difficul-
logioeent' ha orce he ornge orange can be kept as safely from four exposition commissioner should canvass ties encountered, general treatment..
growers to recognize. The doctois to six months as wheat or corn. and at those islands during the three months Colto,-Long arind.ShortStaple--Piant-
agreewo believe, as to the diagnosis of the same time improve in flavor and preceding the opening of the Exposition, ig aud culture, marketing, manage-
the case, but not as to the remedies value, if they aret properly picked and Next year other attractive features miay ment of seed, products from the seed.
tll we tina mo rity of tm wil packed. The experiments in cold storage be added from Mexico, Central America, Sugar Caoiu anrd Sorghum-Varieties,
ttill, we ink a majority of them will e this matter satisfactorily. This etc.. culture, making syrup and sugar, condi-
decide on trying first an application of makes the orange safe from January to 6 Efficient agents should be set to lion of market.
ice. Cold storage is the only plan we June. .. work in every section of Florida to ob- Tobaco-Varieties, history in Florida,
have advocated, and this thefruit grow- Let us suppose that on January 1st, tain, by gift or purchase, lull and con- recent experiences, seed. culture, manu-
r- of i, I l the mercury goes down to "22 de- tinuous representative displays, fa.'t-ure.
er of Florida will soon be able to put to agrees. Half the crop is on the tiees. It 7. )iscretion to exclude exhibits of in- FRtITS.
the test. California's success in this di- 13is uiriediy picked and sent in various ferio excellenre, or inappropriate to the Citrus Fruits-Comparison of varie-
rection, isures success to Florida,' sit- ways, half of it to be dumped off the general design, should be firmly ex- ties, hardiness and productiveness. meth-
uated as she is two thousand miles docks, and the balance sold fur l-ss than ercised. ods of propagation, methIods of planting
r .markets. All of cur fght.bT spoilig tbue market of what is 8. Ever% industrial interest capable !.cf and culture, comparative effects of fer-
neareri the obest ma rketS All Of[or leII I
Tnearee experiee of the past says development in the S ate should be rep- tilizers, marketing of fruit, preservation
fruits intended for distant markets must that it. is ai important to secure the I reseuted. offruit, wineand other products.
be cooled down to 40 degrees, and then orange ciop by January 1st, and have 9. The director-general should select each pear fig persimmon Japan
shipped in refrigerator cars. By cold it housed, as it is to have the corn crop as corumitees for the prop-er classifica- plum, Kelsey plum, native plum, mul.
So r a s n, fr i secured before frost, tion and arrangement of exhibits in the berrvy. quince, apricot, guava, banana.
storage and this ode ota shipment, fruit W atshall we do to be saved Can various departments-especially tho-se of pineapple sapodilla, mango, avocada
growers will be secured in great meas- webe? I say yes. if all the producers hoiticultuie and agriculture-men of pear, cocoanut, pecan', English walnut,
ure against loss from frost, depression inI will say amen That is, if all the orange capacity impartiality and extensive ac- almond, pomegranate, olive' grape
the market and delay- in transportation, producers in the State will stand by the quaintance with the resources of the strawberry, blackbenrry, raspberry-Va-
SCa italics r sorin. plan and men that will give their time Slate. rieties, effects of soil, weather, etc.
apialista are not slow in discovering and capital to do the work, and will do 10. Application should be made to the methods of culture.
an opportunity for making nioney, and it fur 10) per cent. of the sales and no proper department in Washington to I
wealready hear of several new enter- stealing.. How can it bedone? Organ- secure, if possible, a Government-exhibit INSECT ENEAESAND FUNOID DISEASES
prices on foot for the markE.ing of. next ize a company that will agree to make a of choice tropical and sub-tropical plants Nature of damage done and remedies.
priseson oot or the mak.tugo next storage sufficient to hold the surplus etc.. in charge of an experienced gar- ms.CELLA&NEOs SUBJxCTS.-"
winter's orange crop. Two of these are crop at the following points: Boston, dener. Our Senatorsand Representatives Bees and bee plants, silk culture and
described in recent numbers of tlhie I'few York, Philadelphia. St. Louis, Cin- should be asked to invite the good offices the mulberry, hunting and fishing, dogs
Tiles-Union, and we quote (see-last cinnati, and Chicago, and others if con- of the United Statesconsuls in the West and dog laws, fences and roads, legisla-
page) enough to give our readers an idea s'iered necessary. Have it all one firm, Indies and Bahamas to assist the exposi- tion for farmers, homestead i'ws, 'trans-
ofge eopcive e r ,aets -- styled, for example,- "The Florida Truck tion commissioner in his duties. portation marketing produce, expert
-of their respective features., w and Fruit Company," which will regu- 11. The different sections of the State mental farms, agricultural education,
"Mr. Poujaud'. plan isonewehavy con- late the price and distribution and equal- should be urged to keep capable repre home manufactures, natural history
sidered for many years. but we never ize the prices according to the expense sentatives at the exposition prepared to of Florida, historic points, sanitary ad-
formed an opinion as to its practicabil- of the transportation to either place. inform visitors of thbo various advantages vice, farm buildings, h'bouse -'furnishing, .
formed an opinion as to its practicabiu- Then let them issue weekly the price of of their sections. farm machinery '-farm 'i nl'ents, '
ity. -Wsall rejoice to see it Put to the orange at Waldo, or any other place, 12. A bureau of information and ad- water 'iup'ly,' "Cl6ihg 'bpiainces re-
actual test dnd hope sh'prbject will re- as definitely as that of corn or pork. vertising should be established where cipes-f6r cookiibm lo'me' deciati6ns -
ceive a generous support. We think, Then men can buy and sell'and take the visitors may obtain intelligence as to household economy. mineral, and' arths,
however, that theCifonin method 01 i chances the same as with other products.' hotel-accommodations, routes of travel, climatolovy b-intts ontthe- carof chil-
however, that the Califoinian method ot The whole matter of price culminates fares, time-tables; points of interest in dren on press, habits,' ,iadn"g ...'-
cold storage and shipment, which has in supply and demand. The people need city and State, etc. The State journals "meu,.etc,' :-.--- >
beenujully described in site FARMER AND not fear the result, as the price current should be kept regularly on file. 'i'.... ... I-. ." .. ..
FPitr GROWER, aidwhiliis em raced will be as- patent as that of wheat or' 13. The exposition building, should i.n t.,ig of .... tbbove, and .related
FR IT-O ER, and' h i embraced cotn. You will readily see that the in- combine sufficientfloorspace, wtthample be""bidts'f pa "t.cl 'e"i"ence i m.ch. to
in Mr. Moremen's plan, offers to capital- terest of the company will be tte pro- light and ventilat ion, for the effective be .- e .'eed. t-, the. etcal knowi. "-
ists the safest..investment and to fruit ducers interest for if they sell at $2.25 and convenient arrangement of ,he dif- ed..ge; yet ,t-.h a .e topi ne.e -g -
g.-owers the.best temcdy' for: existing per box the seller gets 25 cents., if $5, ferent departments and theacuommoda- cuorao "w hc"'v"to he... "ea 'o'f "
evl es f e 50 cents, and so equalizes the seller and tion of themassesof people. Thestruc-. from s '" e'h: t'. theoret al st". atend" '"
evil. r e bu rere. This arrangement will in nowise ture should be durable and appropriate, .- .. : ,.. . '*': --
We learn from another quarter that interfere with the Southern trade. It capable of enlargement as occasion re.- We do not-deair lettiers.written mere- .. '.-
Mr. loremen's plan involves the pledg It will only fix the value of the orange' quired and means permitted. 'The s-, ly in. praise of special localitiesu-nless -.-_-'
ing in advance of 1,000,000 boxes of or- at home. "So, if an order should come cess of the exposition. will be measured claims to favor are based on the products. -'"j
anges.l Half that numbecould pnot he from Atlanta. Augusta, New Orleans or primarily by tlhe completeness and ex- or productiveness, of. the soil'., A.ticles. "-
tcanas nof Charleston, the price would .be Uxed at, cellence of the exhibits, and this leading of an aimafed or yivacioisBlyeare-de-,.'
secured without a thorough canvass of Waldo or Jacksonville by so much less design should not be sacrificed in -at- .sirable by ivay-pf variet,,.but. practical '->'"-'i
the orange region. With half a million than fteight and commission at New tempts at architectural competition statements and- deasrpcroi o'u-ld. bel.,.'
boxes pledged, the needed capital would York. This throws the chances of acci- with other expositions whose financial concise and as:xmuch to the.poemit aa.o.ps.';.,::.
'dens on- the buyer instead of she pro-1 rosouroes are vastly g rester .. sible. .. -.... .-. -.- -'.:. &$H.:i--'
easily be obtained, or eveu with 100,000. .en on tb =y ~t easilb oane or n w- 10,00 ducer. 14. The exposition advertising in alL its All communications fori-theY.editoral' .*--
W) fear Mr. Moremen.has overshot the Out- only salvation isto get out of the details should be attractive, unique and depattmentashonid heddiressed to .,-:,-.'....-::..
mark, but "pe-haps he understands the hands of these thieves aud.robbers who typical of the leading design. Prospec- : EDITOR FARnER AND'FRVUT-GOWf.-'vS-- ;-,
-. .''-' ;. .' "-'-f ,. .'
~ ~. .'.. . .:^ ; ,.. ..r-.'*.^ s ;

..-- -- '."' t :- .-' -- ::




With a helping hand and a Welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call;
With words of good counsel for old friends and
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
All questions of general interest will be
*answered through these columns.
Personal Inquiries will be answered by mail
when accompanied by stamp for reply.
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a
!seat in our Cosy Corner, and exchange views,
-experiences and recipes of mutual benefit.
"H1elp ye one another."
Communications intended for publication
-must be brief, clearly written, and only on
one side of the paper.
All matter, relating to this department
.should be addressed to
Fla. Farmer and Fruit-Grower,
Montelaii, Fla.

Our Cosy Corner.
Now that we have once wandered out
into the cow-pen, it seems hard to enter
the house again;. -
We must stop a few moments longer,
while we look into the merits of the
question so often asked-"Who shall
milkY'" .
That question is easily answered in a
-negative sense. No one who is quick
tempered'should milk a cow, or, indeed,
-have anything to do with her. The
further off such a person, whether man
or child, keeps from the family cow, the
better for her and for the milk supply.
Loud talk, quick movements, ill tem-
per, are worse than out of place in tho
"Whoever is most patient and gentle in
the family is the one to whom the milk-
ing of the cow should be .relegated, for
.you may set this down as a plain, un-
varnished truth-that the most. gentle
site by rough usage, which excites its
fears, and the most vicious, with very
few exceptions, be made gentle and
tractable by persistent kindness.
When we first came to Florida we had
-never so much as seen a cow milked;
'but ':'necessity is a stern master." We
purchased some gentle, Florida cows,
and then we went boldly into the pen,
flourishing our two quart tin -cup, the
favorite milking pail for the ordinary
Florida cow, who- is usually warranted
-not to stand still.
We flourished our tin cup, we marched
up to cow No. 1,.we knelt beside her,
Sand we told her to "hoist." She knew
what that meant and so did we, but her
-knowledge went further, and ours-
didn't. .
We knelt and stroked her great,
rounded sides con'emplatively, eyeing
the mysterious bag before us, with its
-. four sealed tunnels, as if we knew all
about it, instead of nothing.
Then we let the calf in.,and watched
S its proceedings carefully, until we saw
the milk dropping from its mouth, then
we invited it to leave the field open to
our own expetiment-eund we experi-
The gentle old cow looked around at
us reproachfullyi, her mild eyes wide
open in wonder at our vacillating pro-
ceedings, but they closed in disgust as
an eccentric stream of milk hit her full
on the nose. After that she did not look
around any more, but evidently resigned
herself to having fallen into the hands ol
But we milked her, and by the time
the fourth cow was reached, our hands
a. and arms w-ere aching, but a very fair,
straight. stream of milk rewarded our
first attempt, without previous instruc-.
.. tion by hand or sight.
We soon became at home among the
cows, our chief difficulty being want of
:'- strength in hand and Wrist to milk as
rapidly as it should tbe done, for this is a
very important point to secure the great.
est yield rAf milk. Rapid. even milking
is a desideratum, not jerks or violent
pulls, but quick, steady work, not stop-
ping. once you have commenced, until
S you havedone. :
One day 'we bought a young cow that
we were told we could not milk, as her
owner said he bad to stand by her when
S.his wife was milking, with his long,
'cruel cattle whip, ready to thr-ash her.
because she would kick
Well, she did kick us several times
during the first week. Sihe had been
made timid and nervous, and was ready
to defend herself at the least alarm, but
when in return for her kick she did not
receive it back on her tender legs with
interest from a heavy-soled boot. she
looked astonished. When, instead, she
heard a gentle voice, and was patted
and stroked, she seemed bewildered, and
forgot to kick again until some rough
voice or quick movement alarmed her.
After the first two weeks this timid
cow kicked us no more, though timid as
ever with others. She would eat from
our hand..and condescended to allow her
ears and forehead to be rubbed.
One day while we were milking, her t
S former owner came along. At the first
sound of his voice she fled to a corner,
put her head down for defence, and
trembled like -leaf. It-was days before
she recovered-hdr fehrlesness. "
We have seen wild cows and calves in
our neighbors' pens, but never in ours.
Our calves were so impudent that they
thought nothing of pulling our hat off,
abstracting our pocket handkerchief, or
twisting their tongues around our "wav-
ing locks."'
Our neighbors had- trouble, we had
none, simply because every movement,
every word in the cow-pen was quiet
and deliberate. There.was no shouting,
swearing nor chasing of cowr and calf.
Others had to go out towards night and
hunt up their cattle; a mere hand ul of
feed at night after mrilking brought home
our cows with wonderful regularity.
Sometimes a cow is hard to milk. The
*- orifice ot-the-teats are contracted, and
she will ,not let down her milk except at
the piersboual entreaty, of her calf.
A good, properly brought up cow is
not apt to have either of these faults, be-
cause, except in rare instances, both are ,
S due to the same cause, which does not

-.-- -i..

~ ~ -- a -

PFaloy Poultry aMdl Hultiiig Dogs
Eggs For Hatching From Leading Va-
rieties of Domesticated Laud
and Water Fowl.
i----$1 :PEB. 13.
Also ThoroughbredYou, St tiers ard Hounds.
Manatei-, Fia.

come under the head of -"pioperl
brought up "
And that is. allowing the calf to ru
with the cow and suck at will. To a
low a calf to go with its mother eve
for a few weeks, is enough to spoil hE
as an easy milker.
But this fault may, in most cases, I
remedied, even with a cow who has bee
used to having the calf start the mill
It is, at all events, well worth the tria
because of the greater ease of milking
without the too eager assistance of th
Take the calf away from the cow an
keep it away (how to treat it has already
been told). Use"the.cow kindly and fee
her so well with milk producing food
that she will be uncomfortable unless
she does let the milk be drawn away
Throw an armful of nice, sweet fodder
down before her when you comment
milking; persevere, be gentle, and sh
will forget to "hold up," and soon los
the habit altogether, if the orifice i
small, it ban be enlarged by carefully in
seating some smooth, hard piece of woo
or bone, not more than three-sixteenth
of an inch in diameter, with a little kno
at the end so that it cannot work up
Leave it in place over night, or whenever
there is no danger of the animal injury
ing herself.
This will help the hard milking, bu
will not always entirely cure it.
We welcome the following hints front
our pioneer correspondent, Altana, an
are glad to see that she has forgiven he
involuntary metamorphosis into a gres
city at the hands of the "naughty print
ers:" -
Cousin Helen:
I am as glad to see the sisters coming
to the front. I knew they could sa:
something to benefit us if they would.
would like a dish drainer such as'Siste
N. has, but I know of a goodd substitute
for those that can't get one. After wash
ing the dishes, rinse in very hot water
Spread a dish towel on the table or tray
set the dishes on their edges after the;
are all in shape, spread another towe
over them. When wanted they ar
bright and dry, not even a finger marl
on them. Some are not able to have thE
convenient kitchen table that you havi
recommended. I have a lid to my floui
barrel which is quite handy. I4 thi
centre of the barrel head I tack pieces o
leather for hinges, about an inch square
(which cut from an old -shoe), then tac
more on the outer edge of one-half of
the lid and tack them to the barrel. Set
bread board on this half and lean against
the wall; the rolling pin fits nicely be
hind, and the front half is free to be lift
ed up, and rests against the bread board
while getting flour.
I hope none of you get along without
the revolving sifter, that is kept in the
flour. VWhlien a new barrel of flour comes
remove tacks that hold the lid and tackt
it on the new one. I have a corner foi
the 2rits barrel that is in three pieces.

Answers to Correspondents.
Mrs. E. J. J., Hart's Road, Fla.: Yours
of the 1st inst. received and application
Mrs. A. H. H., Winnernisselt, Fla.,
writes: **For your kindly sympathy and
ways *To Make the Best of it,' accept
thanks from one of the Circle." Our es-
teemed sister also does the editor honor
in terming her "a universal as well as
personal friend," and the words are
quoted here because this is exactly what
she would fain be considered by each
and every member of Our Home Circle-
a trusted friend, not a stranger standing
Thanks for the recipe, which we use
in this issue. Application placed on file
and qualifi,.ations noted. See answer to
B. Z. H.. above.
Mis. A. W. K., Bowling Green, kindly
writes thus: "i-How I would miss your
articles! I always turn the paper-and
read them through first."
[We are very particular to -copy.this,
observe, because it will make our 'orotth-
-reditor jealous. Turn about is fair
piay.-ED.] Artiiles received and wel-
coined. Othel points ansered- by mail.
F. A. F., N.ew York: Thank you for
your appreciative words. *Horme Life
in Floiidna" is now in couise of prepara-
Lion, and will be pushed rapidly to com-
pletion in time for our grand Sub-Tropi-
cal Exposition. We are now working
on its proof sheets aud illustrations. De-
tails by mail.
L. A. H., Ocean Ghove. N. J.: Man-
uscript received. Out next week.
Mrs. F. B. C., ilMariana, Fla : Very
;lad to hear from you. "Do s s tne
moree" See next issue.
H. A. G., New York: Answered by
mail August 6th.

The Family Friend.
From one of our sisters we are pleased
to receive the following little budget of
good things pro boto public. and we
rust she will not forget her promise by
and by concerning the "-strawberry
D.ear Cousii Helen: "' .
I would like to give you my method of
ironing shirt bosoms, collars and cuffs,
as I think it easier, at least for a novice,
than the one given in your last number.
WVhen I came to Florida not two years
ago, and found that I should have'to do
ny own housework, there was not ing
I dreaded more than ironing the shirt
bosom, etc. But I had not been here
ong before I saw in a Northern paper
he recipe given below, and tried it. It
ias proved a boon to me. Since I com-
menced using it, some of my neighbors
bave noticed and praised the looks of my
husband's shirt bosoms, and I no longer
dread the work. I don't use boiled starch
on them, but dry them without starching
at all. On the mooning of ironing day I
starch them by the following recipe and
et them lie until I have ironed the other
clothes, and the6 iron them until they
are perfectlydry; ironing first a little on
he wrong side," then on each side alter-
lately, until qnite dry.

y RECIPE. clerks frantically threw something ove
Two heaping teaspoons starch and one their heads, one had a basket, with tb
1n level teaspoo.u powdered borax mixed handle held under his chin, another pu
l- withI oneu up and a half of slightlysoapy on a perk tmeanure. got its head fastene
ni water, cold. in it, fell over tie scales andl was pelie
er I have a very good recipe for soda on the back by the weights, while th
water, which makes a pleasant drink for third tied his head up in an empty flou
be this warm weather; also one for straw- bag, and, as his face was dripping witl
en berry acid, which is delicious and very perspiration, you can imagine how h
k. easy to make, but as it is too late in the -looked, his hair white, a funny peake
1l, season for that to be of service now, I bag perched on top and coming dow:
ig -will give the former one now, and the under his chin, and flour sticking -lik
ie latter at a more seasonable time, if de- paste all over his alarmed countenance
sired. Thus protected the three brave me:
id SODA WATER, attacked their two-inch foe, by poking
By To make the cream for the soda water: at t wit to broomsticks bufrom among th
SBoil two quarts of water with four not get it to come out fro among t
d pounds of sugar for ten minutes. When ust then aD liote xirl ame in, th
8 luke-warm, add four ounces of tartaric daJust thenof a customer whcamed in, th
r acid, and when quite cold, the whites of du huetng bate thaom tr h h aftait
Sfour w ean is her something better than to be afra
four eggs well beaten. This may be ofta harmless little bat.
e bottled for use. To make a glass of soda As soona as she saw the ridiculous fi
water, pur a little of the cream in a ure the three men cut, she burst o
is tumbler about a quarter of an inch deep, laughing, then, when they called to he
Sand fill about threeourths full with tho boughtt it was ahe bull oreamed a mad judogpe
)d water, adding some kind of flavoring if on the counter.
as desired. I save the syrup I have 'left "Wh at er.
over when canning berries for t Whereat is that awf anima 'it?" shit
b purpose. Then dissolve of servlittle so- gashe? We l d. et e a tadde
da with a itte c t "A bat, a bat upthere behind thoat
'r little cold water in ante oxe. ,,
anotherglass and pour together. A the boxes and pulled out the fight
little experience will teach one just what her nose, andvibratingeinhe voic. u

t the proportions should be to fill the glass i atfrighte
with Pout DDING overflowingTHOUT though a it knew how, no
'thThree spoonfuls of rie ofwell washed,to Where isnough to hurat awful aughinmalg cathebat.
Sthree pints of boiling water; letboil hard Shere? Well, get home a step ladder."it in a
y on top of stove, stirring occasionally, mouse cage, And up it she went, while the three
I When soft, ad one salt-spoon of salt; confid'men looked on rather ashamed of thdrin
Sone teacup of sugar will. be sufficient if when cowardice, as she put her hand be.
Scondensed milk is used; two hind the boxes and pulled out the fright-
WT- condensed milk, one handful raisiened little creature; not too frighteeul lit-
nutmeg to flavor Stand in theoven unto bite, though, all it knew how, not
Three spoonfuls of rice washed, enough to hurt its laughing captor.
g three pints of boiling water; let boil hard She took it home, and pu-t it in a
y on top of stove, stirring occasionally, mouse cage, and very soon it became
I When soft, add one salt-spoon of salt; confident enough to feed and drink
r one teacup of sugar willdren forbe sufficient if when thpeoe weay at the standingclose tohe it.age,
e condensed milk is used; two tablespoons It did whenot like flies and preferred raw
e condensed milk, one handful raisins, meat to anything else, so its careful lit-
rnutmeg to flavor Stand in the oven un- tle mistress had a fine time of it, for her
til brown and the milk looks like whey. dainty pet declinedtgso take the meat un-
7 The liquor of thepudding is all the sauce less it was freshly cutead and moist, and it
1 needed. (I often make one at noon to had to be fed six or sefullven times aday.
Sbe eaten by the children dfo n -supper. It spent h athe day at the top of the cage,
SwBetter than too be muthe "solid food, al- hanging by its hinder claws, head down,
"fa though pudding ea dis not a fashionable tea and when its fooanted to eat would come
e dish, but boys do get so hungry in Flor- down and crawl along the fleor until it
r ida.) MRS. A. H. H. reached the piece' of meat. Then it
SreWho acres for fashion in Florida? would fold its wings forward so as tog
dThatis just one of the very reasons why b over it, drop its head and eat under
we love our bonnie State. We can be their shelter. It was bashful, mstru see
Independent so long as we do no wrong, it did not eat very gcefullyong; it hand per-
and we need not be looked down upon if haps it knew that. On account of the
t we decline to be the slave of thins"- sharp surface of its tiny teeth, it had to
"fashionable tea dishes" or anything -peck at its food like a cat before it suc-
Selse Our expposriene is too that supper isb- needed in getting hold of it.
the most dfficultoureal of all to provide When it drank, it sometimes put its
relishes for, and no, good, wholesome head right into the water, but generally
t dish shouldbelooked upon askance be- it only lowered itself from the side far
cause, forsooth, i i not fashionable. enough to let its nose touch the water
SWe left suchslave ry behind us at the But all the care its little mistress gave
SNorth.-ED] it did not keep it alive long; it had no
r o i.s-ue war o lthour sbr othe doubt been injured by the cruel broom-
Sour many new comers, as the directioner sticks the three brave men had thrust at
desiredon were opposite page ook te lib it. So one morning it was found with
Serty of tossing at-lur editorial head a its wings hanging downwa. insteaof

Sebruaryp o d and April s th. alig po hI J w hg d
S CA.SSqAVA P .oDDIN. n .ing neatly f olde l up for the night as
side of the fence. One of them (J I..C.) was its cutoim, only ftr that it looked

wGrated aorecipe twofrootsr cassava puddinto g. ecut o e-ofootandputalkeon
waThe other (Enquirer) desired to am-likeconsiow just the ame as everput ihana big onbaske the and
tecy, add onwage wacup of urrantssweone up went to sleep anging head down, as

nh3ofsalt, o ar oitheleo uie a ae no fknewoo, b the nlittlegi da too whos
domestic birds. .ylepttoaches...The one day nawoatheail gIo tossing and

grated rind, andrbake about one hour. betterevil a fter trying to bite its mis-
We apologize to Au nt Judith -cathing someth u fing,a aaljob,"l animal of
fvsi otor i ass u" ee Of these poin, but wore lo rescued ite bashwedfound

epiesume hesenquiersareamongi just as w elas s anybody what. it was
ou eermany thrne cmeups ofthe directions ea dand whene of its poistress went ato
add we ugar ai t AHuse C twe haven cruepd, and was hanging by the
juice stad until the sugar elts, cooskin. Do you kow with li that brave
CASV PparentD child did? Shetrembled, but for all that
STGrate one or two roots of cassavaintoa sheet off the-poor foot, and putpr sale on
large pudding pan, pour in enough cold the wounded extremity. s
water or milk to make a eream-like consis- The bat was put in. a big basket and
tency, add one cup of currants, one cup went to sleep hanging head down, as
ofsugar., one tablespoonful of butter, a usual, bu for more thear an ad angy would
w hic h of ualt, a little lemon juice and take no food, but the next day it was
in grated rind, and lbakeiabout one hour. better, and after trying tobite its mis-
r We apologize to Aunt Judith Sun- tress, gave it upfora babdj eob,"and de-
shine for having inavertently omitted ldedto bite aheflyand a piece of meat
From our, issue of .July 7th e" tetlted and before long this little batnd showed
rei pe f or wtrly her hat it expetedtoe fed, and near an
wejust as well as anybode.when-it was
-.' BANN PRESERVES, "meal time.

liME Besi It soon took to feeding itself again, iore
Iadd two cf sugar alte julea of two a ve a peep at it-still in- its basket-she
juice stand until" thesugarmelts, cook of a creature, with light arown fur,
over a slow fire until the fruias is trans-d yet mosquitoes, a fold ofhn sail awa outhe
parent.nocntamle ratu a they be down when it wallturneatd,anone could
are: monk foCREAMnce, are a gr ee,t ag o to the siomllt and wait papptiaenly filed
dealf pound y are vtter three-fourtblesomthe little oe, itsd to therts hofurie againus, her
found flourt that they areggs; of anyne pinarticu ones"ft hall stood up on nd, and lick milk fro her
lar use, wile the bates ne uiveredallover, and uttered short,
watold u not long ago, areare watery use- For more than two ear it was
which sought call them; police t on the fireat pet, but then it disappting feared andager
the air, o quick aThe they to detect and wiced owsmall hat fla ourised, and watched
when it boils, marauding mosquito th at doubt its withmurderer. Poor d-little eyesbat.
proney inue, take it off and let it cool; and thebut it was a naughty babycousins, at least itee
beat the eggs light andbout, layinto this otlearl, from altothink so, ande e ard about,
eggs on our treaured frui small buttered it too hardile sitting it was found dead with
youpans ten minutes, d evour the m. half a bite on the back of its neck.
On n t a r bat But the mother lived on, and became
Our Yountry grFolkscery Corner.d to th a doin pet mouse; it would hangrm,
ofpls--e~.lActhn:s-s ordings. W-ittbrpefly clearly her hair, but it never would go near any
ncasternation of tce gor ad ia. a nd other person; it knew the difference as

Swrthe caneand bo pild upn tll as anyone.
el BAT. It soon t no feeding itself again, for
Expect nothing else but that some ot now that it ad become so tame, it was
you young folks, and very likely the old set free, and at night it would fly around
folks, too. will exclaim "'l-oriorsl".at the its mistress's room, clean up the'fliesand
very idea of such a pet long, and bat, and teet mosquito, and then sail away ut
I have known of much worse pets than doots. If lhe window sash happened in

deal worseat they arcould not prick troublesome it was admitted to its home factory is nowgain. It

Imo use, while the bats, as Uncle Doctor fand his inge full running order

most tender skin, so the giocer and his in full r-unning order.

Send for Car:.i,:.,rue an.i ord-r early. Send, also,
"',1-r PFi-',- List ,:,1 .

.Florida Wines.

SRl:itr [r,:.-;i,-]. .a.t', ,iii.-iiint] and fruit lants.ic.
o" n a '--:i]|rbi, ii, Fl:,] i ,[ it ..in, (,:,r t,..: rt-.
greenhouse.. Also, a full i,- -:.- m-ir,-.Fi:
trees, plants a-i t._, .n. a er,'ri uarsey-
stock adapted t.. Ftl-:ri-la .ni .i iLt- h 'oiiiri
Exotics froin nlif, A- | I .tlia 1ribt t : C't ,
Indies, many of them .never before in .'i..
intothe United States ... .

Amerlao -t -; !- 1 r i,, 'r-, ai, ca i -"
ceipt ofl 5 L..;i. r.: -. ill -i.i. s.
f'.i-i'.a :' L .t


-Jacksonville, Fla






Get our Prices before buy ing. -

Before y..n decide n-berto :i g, in iSOUTH
FLORIA, n. nd forea siailie copy ,f
"You il tiid better a&n cheaper bargains In
M&NtrAiE Cc-uiv in rott-::. far'Xi, ranches ot
sny i"ze. Buding ic.t-: (4 raiload, rirer orsee-
siie. Tbe proprietor of "rTee Orangl Grove," is
an -old rimer," but nOe;rher moe-: tek'd or hide
bound; he is here to -tay and 'There i; millions
init." thrEc MdiicOs'I. .'Ai e in:ij i Brok..




Buds not placed on small stocks, but on extra
large and fineones.

We make a specialty of the
t [he ari-st ranery knoiwA),
anud can 'now nr-esole the latter that stoodthe.
c.old-last winter as well as the Orange, and

Send or t.at'loge.

P. O.

Wiutcr Park Fla

t Bu.a ti-e Exlu-i ve Fraui.nse .:( itne


the Largert an!d nil Eflcu,-at Ncw, Set-iice in
ELI..--Untrr Ab.6,


ar-id the :.i i'r. co pete





from all the Lead-ng Citle- of the Union, dur-
in the season, art antsr asice to every
fruit Grower, an-. ar' we it tn Ea.h :..re"
nu,. h a h iadr nsiii tew ry ruines
i e j-rice oi the p'l1er. It


are also Lu .nii coinplt. .

One TYear. $1O. Six Months,$5. Three
Months.a.2.50. One Monlh.S1.



is tih Best and Cue-cpest Weekly in the South
Cuntsnoa the Cream of the Daily for ine week

Only $1 a Year; 50 cents for
", Six Months. ;_

p-Sampie Copies of all Free to any

IF"-Send for cdrilfirgiving description of the
Princely Premitms offered to sub-
aoribers to the ,


Tells how t.i gr.:,w and prepare the Pig, and describesour new fig-
Oniy v ernuine 'Fig of Commerce," and the lnersi fig in the world, Also, Tropical and New Fruits
and1 ie rc nest stock of NoTS to thocountry. Address withStamp. '
'Cutler, Dade County, fa.

Nurseries of the Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.
We mike a specialrT of the distinctive varieties of Citrus Nursery Trees, such as Double
imperial, eRive-ride bude Cpersonall'selected by a member of our Company in Californial, and
Washi gion Navels, Maltese Blood, Hart'a Tardiff, Dn Rol, Jaffa, Star 's Seedlesa, Tagerine,
etrc. In Lemon we har-ve Villa Franca, Belair Premium, Sicily Genoa and Eureka Alao, Tahiti
Limes Peaches (Bidwell's Early, etc.); Plums, White Adriatic tigs, etc., etc.
OWur Stock is large and complete, thrifty and clean. Catalogue free on application.
Address, A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla..



--AND- .. ..

We are now prepared-to furnish
In any quantity desired, and as the season advances will have a full supply of
all seeds used in this climate.

Catalogue sent free on application. -

S- ,- : *. :?L- -.'.

Grape Vines
S Spited to the Soil and Climate of

S- Florida,
A Grown and forSale at


Near. TA LLAHASSE fL, Fla ,
E. DUBOIS, Manager.


Florida Jewspapers





ire Jl00k.

Hygiene ot Animals.
Following is a synopsis of a lecture
delivered by Dr. Paul Paquin, State
Veternarianof Missouri, as reported in
Colman's Rural World: Many horses
and cattle die through digestive troubles
or diseases of the bowels that we
might prevent. The digestive appara-
tus in a horse is composed of the mouth
with its contents, i. e., teeth, tongue,
cheeks, palate, salivary glands etc. The
gullet or cesaphagus is the channel from
the mouth to the stomach, Then the
stomach comes and then the smaller in-
testines. The stomach in the horse has
only 13 or 14 quarts capacity, but may
distend to 25 or 30 quarts, perhaps. Qu
soft feed-grass and roots-the salivary
glands secrete little saliva per day, but
Son dry food they secrete 80 lbs, per day
on an average. On soft feed digestion
is rapid. lIittle mastication is needed ;
on dry fodder it is slower, it requires
more work, longer work of jaws and
stomach for the same quantity of food.
Hence, when'a horse has been kept on
soft food a certain time, the salivary
gland has been accustomed to secrete so
much saliva perform so much work in
such a time.
Now suppose that that animal is sud:
denly changed from that soft food to dry
food, what is the result? The system is
at once requested to secrete so much
more saliva which it was hardly ready
to give; it requests more. mastication,
and consequently the food may be swal-
lowed softened or masticated insuffi-
ciently, and the stomach cannot digest
its albuminous matter rapidly enough; it
is pushed to the smaller intestines too
soon on account of the continuation of
feeding, and the small capacity of the
stomach which cannot hold all the food
and water taken at once. Hence you
may have colic inflammation of bowels,
due: to overloading of them by hard, un-
digested food.
On the other hand, if a change of food
from a dry to soft one, there may be
fermentation in superabundance, dis-
tension of the stomach which may rup-
ture, and, perhaps, also bloating, and
even inflammation of the bowels, which
make the horse appear swollen. He is
bloated with gas. He is then bound to
die if not promptly relieved. In cases
of indigestion from change of soft food
to dry, give raw linseed oil, one quart,
injections of warm soap suds, say two
or three gallons a day. Give also one
dram nux vomica powdered, or fluid ex-
S tract, twice a day, and one dram fluid
extract. belladonna- every hour or so
During pain. In cases of bloating, or in-
digestion due to soft feed, or fermenta-
tion and gas, due to any cause, give one
ounce or two of muriate of ammonia in
water sufficiently to dissolve it. Walk
S -animal about just a little and slowly to
Hasten expulsion of dung and gas. Don't
run it. Also give injections and raw
linseed oil. with turpentine.
-- -*-
Protecting Animals from Flies.
At this season of the year the anndy-
,-- ance caused to animals by flies and m,:s-
1- ,titoes often amounts to positive agony.
and at all nines, in what is called good
corn weather, it is sufficient to prevent
S: the stock eating enough to keep them in
good condition. The animals will stand
in the water or pass the greater part of
the day in the shade, rather than expose
themselves to thb. sunshine, going out to
S eat only when driven by hunger. They
S. quickly lose: flesh, the flow of milk
shrinks, and a loss is incurred that can-
Snot be easily made good again. At all
: : times a good feed of grain i beneficial to
stock, but it is especially so when flies
; : are very annoying, since it will do much
to prevent shrinkage of flesh and milk.
-. Horses and milch cows may be pro-
tected. in a great measure at least, by
Swiping them all over with a sponge
: dipped in soap suds in which a little car-
S' bolic acid has been mixed. Bulls con-
fined in stables often suffer enough from
S the attacks of flies to drive them half
S mad, and there is no doubt that the con-
S tinued fretting caused in this way ,le-
velops a savage disposition. The most
satisfactory results have followed from
S sponging, with soap suds and carbolic
acid mixed, a Jersey bull confined in a
: taUll.-Pacific Rural Press.

S' Cows and What they Give Us.
S Our American dairy interestsarestatt-
lingly enormous. We showed in the
Herald yesterday that they represent an
investment of nearly five times as much
? asjhe entire bank capital of the country
-tat is to say. the bank capital is little
less than $671.9i0,00oi, while the -dairy
interests amount to more than $3,000,-
Of course our readers cannot swallow
such frightful figures in a lump, and we
S will therefore arrange them in several
smaller, buLstill heroic doses.
The number of milch cows is estimated
at 21.000,000. They give eachan average
of 3-50 gallons of milk annually. This
would make an aggregate milk produc-
tion of 7.350.000.000 gallons, a miniature
ocean, a fair sized Niagira. Four thou-
sand million gallons are used for butter,
OO';00,00,000 for cheese, and the remaining
2.480,000,000 pass through' the adulterat-
ing hands of the milkman and grocer
and down the throats of 60,000.000 men,
women and babies -in this land of free-
The quantityof butter manufactured
and used is about 1.350,000.000 pounds,
and of cheese 6,500,000 pounds. The
value of our dairy products for the last
twelve -months was nearly $500,000,000.
This is $20,000,000 more than the value
of our annual wheat yield, while it
closely approximates that of our corn
crop, which is the most valuable of our
farm products.
To support this immense dairy herd.
100,000,000 acres of pasture land are re-
quired. worth $2,500,000,000. It is easy
enough to see therefore, that the 4,000,-
000 farmers in this country are an im-
portant element of our national welfare
and prosperity.-N. Y. Herald.

on the dog to help, getting possession of
it again after an apparent struggle. If
the youngster has done well, do not be
afraid to give him ample praise for it,
and as the man who, has attempted.to
steal the article should be known to the
dog, its first impression will be that it is
only fun, and he will be delighted and
run around barking at having been a
party to such sport. When he has learned
to guard a certain article, it gives him a
distinct idea of protection, and soon leads
him to take all his master's property un-
der his care.

Give the Cows Variety.
A correspondent of the Dairy World
I believe most dairymen fail in not
changing the food of their cows oftener.
You can never make a combination of
three or four kinds that will produce the
best results; more variety is needed.
Early cut and properly cured timothy
hay is good for cows, and the same may
be said of clover, but a change from one
to the other is better than either alone.
Some years ago, when I first got my
barn thrasher, I found my cows' would
leave hay and eat fresh threshed straw
Corn stalks, especially those from
sweet corn, are excellent for a change.
If the stalks are run through a cutting
box, all the better, and better still if, af-
ter cutting, they are thrown into a close
box, moistened and mixed with a little
ground feed and salt (just enough of each
to season), and the steam from your feed
cooker turned on it till thoroughly heat-
ed and fed warm. My cows prefer this
to the best hay, and it is much cheaper.
The same may be said of grain rations.
Corn, oats, bran, oil meal, etc., all have
their place. No one should be fed to the
exclusion of all the others, but as much
of a -variety as possible should be given.
Corn will, of course, hold a prominent
place in the butter dairy. My favorite
way of feeding this to cows is in the
form of mush, but dry meal, or even ears
of corn, will sometimes be relished.
It seems to me remarkable that so many
dairymen neglect to supply their cows
with roots in t e winter. A& single acre
planted in beets, carrots, parsnips, etc.,
would add largely to the health and pro-
ductiveness of the dairy, and the cost
would b3 merely nominal. Even a few
tons of pumpkins would be excellent in
the early winter.
We would think it very hard to go
through the winter without potatoes and
other vegetables for our tab'e, btut most
dairymen think nothing of feeding their
cows dry grain and hay rations, and of-
ten no variety even in that for the whole
season. .
How the Swiss Salt Cows.
A Swiss dairyman of experience gives
the Home, Stock and Farm. the method
of salting milch cows as practiced by the
best dairymen of his country. The cows
are salted every morning, and if they are
fed in the stable the salt is given before
foddering. It is claimed that salting in
this way improves the appetite of the
cows, and that they give more milk than
when salted in tlhe uc'ual way. The in-
formant thinks it very injurious to salt
Smilch cows but once or twice a week, as
they will eat too much at one time, and
drink too much for the day. Throwing
a little salt to the cows in the morning,
he claims, is much better than, allowing
them to have free access to it at times.
In Switzerland cows are never salted af-
ter taking water, if they are to have no
chance to drink for several hours, for the
probable consequent thirst will of itself
operate to depreciate the quality of milk
and les-,en the quantity. These facts we
have learned from one of the best and
most successful stock keepers in Switzer-
land, and he has found by repeated ex-
periment in the Northwest, in his own
practice, that it is the best course to
adopt.-Ex. -

STraining a Watch Do. -
The Farimers' Gazette, Dublin, contains
an excellent article on the training of a
watch dog. The wri-er, after showing
at length that the mastiff is the typical
-watch dog. and commending also the
Newfoundland and St. Bernard, says: {
Many people who buy a dog to guard
their persons or property, never for a
moment think which breed is most suita-
ble, or attempt to train him for his du
ties, sim ply contenting themselves with
an animal they are told "is a good
guard.'" The dog is then taken home,
chained up in tile back premises. .ind if
lie barks and tugs at hits chain the owner
is quite content, thinking lie has got a
good watch dog at last. Many are qruite
satisfied if the poor brute terrifies all
trespassers, it never entering the heads
of such owners that the bitrking and tug-
ging at the chin may simply be the
dog's protest at being ou miserably and
inhumanely treated. Ferocity iua watch
dog is not needed, but high courage,
which is a nobler quality, compatible
with cultivated mental faculties, is.
In tiaiing a dog as a guard, get a
puppy, and remember tuat the first law
to instill into him is the same as that
taught to the raw recruit-implicit obe-
dience. He must be prompt in coming
to your call, and lie down immediately
he is ordered. In one of his first lessons
somethingshould be placed on theground
that the owner has carried about with
him or has handled for sothe time, call
ing the dog's attention to it and making
him li on it, pointing to it. cautioning
him with such words as "-guard it,"
'"take care of it," etc., etc. It is neces-
sary.-to be careful that one form of order
only is used, so as not to confuse the
After be appears to understand you,
the trainer should go away and hide be-
hind something, so that he may see
whether the dog deserts his charge. If.
so, show at once, and take him back,
speaking sternly to him, so that he may
know thar he is being scolded and has
done wrong. He should not be shouted
at or bullied or thrashed. Make him lie
down again, and repeat the lesson ,ill he
understands and obeys. Care must be
taken that the lesson is not too severe,
and that he is not kept too long on guard,
otherwise be will become disgusted with
his work. Short lessons and often is the
motto, so as to properly impress upon
his mind while he is young.
When he has learned this lesson fairly
well, let some one goand not too roughly
attempt to take the article away from
him; if he resents this, let the man start
back, as though afraid, and then renew
the attempt. The trainer should then
be present, and encourage the dog, and
should the attempt to get possession of
the article have been successful, the
trainer should collar the man, and call

Shelless Eggs.
We are often asked what is the cause
of fowls laying shelless eggs. There are
several causes ; we may mention three;
First, from the fowls having been kept
short of the materials to form or make
the shell. If this is allowed to go un-
noticed, it is a great strain upon the
fowl's system, and has a tendency to
weaken the oviduct or egg passage,
where the egg is incased with shell.
Secondly, from laying double yolk
eggs. This also injures the passage very
much at times. We have known fowls,
after laying several of these large eggs.
to never lay perfect shelled ones again,
while others are left very weak, and only
lay them with a very thin shell, not suf-
ficiently thick for hatching purposes.
In such cases as these hens ought, to be
allowed to sit, so the whole system may
get and entire rest. When this is done,
a cure is almost certain, and the fowls
are very much strengthened.
The third cause is, when a fowl pro-
duces eggs so rapidly that three eggs
may be found in the oviduct at once.
The middle one is forced down on the
one that will be laid first, the third fol-
lowing quickly after the -second forces
the first out of the oviduct where the
shell is formed on them. To remedy
this latter trouble, decrease the fowl's
rations, and cease giving any stimulating
food-in other words, endeavor to stop
the fowl from laying entirely, if possi-
ble.-Texas Farm and Ranch.
Soft Food for Laying Hens.
There is no denying the fact that tlhe
best food for inducing hens to lay is a
mixed mess of ground grain early in the
morning, for the renason that in using
such food one can give a variety at a
single feeding. Anything suitable may
be a.Ided to the soft food, and it is not
necessary that it consist of ground grain
alone, a chopped clover, mashed pota-
toes rnaihed turnips, bran, corn meal:
middling-. ground oats. ground meat, or
even skini-milk may be used, according
to the supply or convenience.
Tile great value of soft food does not
consist only in allowing tlhe poultry manr
to give a variety, which, however, as
we stated, is a great point, but it. serves
another purpose, which is, that when
the fowls con-me of the roost iii the morn-
ing with empty cops and hungry, the
soft food is very quickly digested, and, if
warmrued, it serves as an invigorator.
Wheu hard grains are given in the
morning the must first be prepared by
the gizzaid, w-hich entails more or less

clnllrg and fees.

The best w y to keep eggs from spoil-
ing is to eat or sell them, but if neither
can be done, there are several methods
of keeping them in fair condition. The
principal thing is to exclude the air.
Varnishing will do this. Gum Arabic
and gum shellac can be used; or try the
following: Slake two pounds of lime in
hot water, put in one pint of salt and
four gallons of water; put In only fresh
eggs, and keep covered. They will keep
for six months, but will not be fresh
eggs. Must be used soon after they are
taken out of the preparation. I
Another good idea is to have the hens
lay when the eggs bring the best priqe.
This is better than preserving them.
There is no great mystery about this.
Let the hens have a warm roosting place
in winter, which can be easily done in
this climate, and keep them entirely free
from vermin. They cannot be expected
to be producers so long as there is a con-
tinual drain on their life blood. The
next thing is to give them egg-produc-
ing food, such as wheat screenings, oys-
ter shells and meat scraps, as their sup-
ply of worms and bugs is limited at this
season. Their moulting time being over,
they are as ready to lay now as ever,
and will assuredly do their part of the
business as far as circumstances allow.
Feed whole grain at night, as it will
then be thoroughly digested; but whole
corn should not be fed at other times, as
it makes them grow fat and lazy. Early
hatched pullets are always best for win-
ter layers.
The reason why eggs spoil may be ek-
plained as follows: In breaking an egg
we find a thick skin lining the shell.
This, when in good condition, is imper-
vious to air; but should the egg remain
in the same position too long, the yolk
being heavier than albumen, gradually
sinks through it and comes in contact
with the skin. As the.yolk has none of
the properties necessary for keeping the
skin in a healthy condition, it dries and
thus admits the air, which causes the
yolk to lose its solidity and spoil. By
keeping the yolk in its proper position,
the egg may be preserved for a long
time. This can be done by turning them.
every day, as the hen does when she is set-
ting. Or the' may be packed in oats
and covered tight to keep them in place,
and the whole turned evefy few days.
There is a great diversity of opinion
about the best breeds ro keep. TheLeg-
hoinsare a sprightly fowl, and, conse-
quently. are ever on thesciatcbh for their
living. For egg producing we do not
think they can be excelled. I -
The Plymouth Rocks have obtained a
good reputation. They are native stock.
and have a legion of good qualities. Of
tlhese we.may mention the following:
The good size they soon arrive at ruakes
them very desirable as broilers. They
take on flesh rapidly, and their eggs are
many and of large size. The mant er
from these fowls is much greater Lhan
from the smaller breeds, but they require
more food for the same number of eggs,
which partly upsets this ais.. .
We shall have nothing to say of the
fancy fowls. The two kinds mentioned
here are all that any one could ask for
as far as profit -is concerned, outside of
fancy prices for "high dcla poultry."
which score so many points. We think
that hen scores the most vwhichgiresthie
-best returns for the least expended on
her, and it will be hard to beat the Leg-
horn in this.
Some rule- for setting hens may be of
use to, beginners. Always set the hens
on the ground, as tIie moisture thus ob-
tainried will keep the eggs in good order.
and prevent them from losing their vital-
it, as they ofieu do when tley get too
Fifteen eggs are enough for the largest
hens, and thirteen for the Leghorns.
More than these will only be wasted.
Mark the date on each egg that is set:
then if other hens lay there, as they
sometimes will, the eggs:can be removed.
Also. by marking, you will know just
when she ought to come off. Do not
feed setting liens on the nest, but let
them come off once a day for food and
water-morning is best.
Two boards nailed together at one end
with slats across in the form of an A,
makes an excellent coop for the hen:
the chicks can run out. Some say, take
away the chicks as soon as they hatch,
but we have found it best to let the hen
manage this matter without any help.
We have had many a hen to steal her
nest and come off with every chick in
prime order. Scalded meal made thick
and given warm in cold weather, is good
food for chicks. Have a low coop made
to feed them in, where the larger fowls
cannot rob them.
Plant mulberry trees in your hen
yard. These will afford the needed shade
in summer, and will give them a fruit
diet for several weeks in spring. Pepper
plants should also grow there, and the
fowls will eat them whenever they need
a stimulant, and will lay more eggs and
keep in better condition than without
them: We have bushes four feet high.
full of peppers in every stage of growth.
They are about the size and shape of a
rqbin's ege-. and grow with the points
upward. -They were not killed by the
cold of last winter, and are the most
hardy variety we have tried here.
There is a good home market for eggs
in Florida, and nothing pays as well for
the labor expended.


ieiy beLfir'itle3 ei'e as t',foc-, but tile
soft food very quickly passes though the
gizzard and supplies the bird quickly.
At night, however, when the fowls are
not hungry, they should be fed whole
grain, as they will then have ample time
to grind such before passing it on as
nourishment.-Planters' Journal.

Care of Eggs for Hatching.-
How to save eggs for incubation -is
the question now agitating the public
mind. Those using inctubators and hav-
ing stock to produce the eggs used, can
"keep them for three weeks very nicely
-by-having shelves overlaid with flour to
the depth of one-half inch; as fast as the
eggs are laid set them on the big end in
the flour, pressing them down so that the
flour will cover thIem about three-quar-
ters way up; this shuts out the air from
the big end and prevents evaporation.
In this way the eggs will keep so that
they may be safely used for incubation
when -the oldest are three weeks old,
Eggs keep in this manner for shipping to
those who use for hatching will be found
to produce as good a hatch as those a
week old kept in the open air. Honora-
ble breeders will not ship eggs for hatch-
ing purposes that are over a week old,
while in thle busy season eggs are seldom
over forty-eiglit hours old.-Rural Cali-

Feeding Fowls for Exhibition.
If you aim to exhibit-your birds at
any of the poultry shows next season,
you should commence at once to prepare
for the sate-. Select fromrn your young
stock a few of thle beat-marked specimens:
put them on a run to themselves ithe
cocks and pullets separated and give
them close, attention : leed on the best
tlesh and boie making food, keep the
runs and houses clean and the fowls en-
tirely free of lice.
Get you a copy of the "-American
Standard- of Ex'ellence'" and apply its
rules, etc.. to your birds : examine them
often, and if any should begin to show
disqualifying marks cut them out and
put in better birds. Don't get your birds
too fat, but feed just enough to keep them
in a healthy. groa ing condition. Three
weeks before the show put your birds
on clean straw aud feed ri- ce a day on
sun-flower seed or boiled linseed ; this
will give their r.lumage a rich. glossy
appearance. Two days before the show
feed them i,,oiled riceand some raw meat.
When you get teady to send themn to
the show-rooim examine every bird
closely and see th:-it each one comes up

to hie standardr deswiption : then
wash their comb, wattles, feet and legs,
wipe dry, put in a nice coop- on clean
straw, and they ate read forthejudge-s.
A coop four feet long, two and a half
Feet xide and same height, covered on
ends., top and back with muslin, and
round half inch rods in front, makes a
neat exhibition coop and will show your
birds to advantage.-Sout hern Culdiva-

Don't expect tlie hens to shell out eggs
unless you treat then well and shell out
the food.
Keep few roosters--no more titan nec-
essary, as thiy ear twice thie amount of
a hen.

-" -- MARK "


Gone where the Woodbine Twinetb.
Rats are smartn bur "R<.oos c ON RA" beats
them. Clears -:ut Rats. lLI:. R,:aches, Water
-Buai, FUrie, Beetles, Moths. Ants. MoEquitoes,
Bed-uffi. tns-ie, Potato Bugs, Sparrows,
Slrraks:. WeaI.''-l, Gophbe Chipmunss. Molve.
"Dtuck Rat., Jark Rate at ,lrrels c n'ia.
B"cR-r.3a oN RArs" isa comeite prv.rinriive
and destroyer of Hen Li "Ruous ca:'N Rae" t.:. a pail of vnitewacbh,
k_ ep it w-ll Eturrd up whdle applyn. W-ite-
wash the whole int-, t :r oc the Hengery; Inside
an] outside of thbe nert. The cuare is radical
and complete. POTATO BUGS
*N,9 .,, For Potato Bugs, inacs:tS on
T,.lne r. ns." Ehiubs, Tree. 1 pound
or half the cortentrS of a 01.00
h-. o box,)f" ROe cHN Ra-I", AAri-
( itusrural Size :. to int 'j iiji]t
nxeds r td ibth -one tct-o i barrels
V of plaste-r. or what isheiterair
c laced lira lMurch depends
t u.on thorough maiiv., s. as
to .'.Mplel-ly iJmbute hibet ,ciEo. Sprinkle
it *-r plaDEt, trees or shrubs irhe. dairp or
-i. and ie quite effective rhen miisd w-ith
liae-, d.uluted on 0 iihoul moisture While in
I'rao conerntrat-d tarne' ;r is the moEt active
and sn-.r.t_. st -* all Bu- P icT-.ns:; when mixed]
as abhiv i. i sc..arr-nariirey ha-j'mit-: to ani-
mai, --r p-ris-au?. in any quanril,- they would
tatk-. u ifr-ferrrd t ,:. uue it lh, .-i form.a able
-'p:onfial -:fih, fill _ton-tr "'RoB c oe RAia '
Porwd-r, erlil n-aakrn,. in a keg of aat-r and
applied, withb a .r'rinUr," pt sr-rra' syriae
,-.r wh.s-k br.'..:-.rni. vli Lfound v-rv Effectitp.
Kier- it r.-ll s,-rred up hble sicg. sol '-j oy
7.. ctr. -'r ani d Stw)rikcTp.rs Vc- fe .: 1.
E S WILLS ('hemicr. J-r-i7 CritT. N J.

The follow-ag words, in pilaise of DR. PrnERCE's FAVORinE P sRrair-nON as a remedy for those delicate diseases and weak-
nessacs pecuhar to women, must be of interest to every sufferp-r from sucn maJad'>:a. Tley are fair samples of the spontaneous
erpr-sicnas with whvica thousands give utterance to th.ir 6enase of gratitude for the inesinmable boon of health which has been
restored to them by trA6 usee of ut6 svorlid-famecd medicine.
JOHN E St-AR, of itll.inifcr.l Vi., writes: T AWAC Mrs. SoPHIA F. BoswErL. Trliite Cottage.O.,
UIf$10r-ndNn ulrg tctoortr eare g-tin female wncn-n.:., and ha-i pAid | v;rite Prscripnon' and one hot-ie of your
3 -M-0V e ud e ers tnsho -s, and hadn HpE tpietes.' ri am do;ng mywork, and tehave beer
'ric c n d o .d du.lrs t h3Lsjo;an6, watr- HER '- -tie
THROWN AWAY P1Tt-r,-ip.o. gto o.d.c's oo. fortf&, ime.rI havebhad to employiheip for
ITHROWN AWAY. 1crip, ic. Ser.i did her ora c F th SUPPORTEesagoutdrmicne.ihae. a toweark-.a
ali tac m(dscine g in to hb:-r by te Iphysi- T ag your exitecnrseo. I have had to weard a
cinsoduran.gnc three yaLs--y had bc-en practsciuponhr.'suppcrt.-r rm-srt of therime; this I have laid
Mrr rs. G hoad birineisof re-rttir:teuiN. bY., aside, and f,-el as wU as Iever did."
Mrs. GEORGE. HlrnEO 01 rrc'tiiM, A'. I.,
I I rites: I aus a ereiit suffp-re.r rrom leui.-r- ,..E Mrs. A.Y GLEaso., of Nu.iua, Ottawa Co.
I HE RETEST rhc. ear.-drn pains. and pn contn- I T WORKS I ',.L- wTits: Your Favorite Prescrprtion'
I 6y a, rtr:s imy racnk. Tao-c bottles of your | ss worked wond-rs in my case.
EARTHLY DOOH. "*Fav'oritePre-crption' rc.-tored me to per- AWnUR i Aae- "bhe vrit: "Haring taken several boh -
i. natioths. Ino reerineany bener.t- graIin't of the wFav.irit.-e Prescgripton' I have re-
f -e hmanths.wI treut med witDr r gaIi'ned my hbeajt wonderfull-y, to the astonish-
The- Favorrite Prescrrition is the greatest earthly boon to us meat of myself' and friends. I can now be on my feet all day,
poor suffering women." attending to the dut-hs of my household.

Many times women call on their family physicians. sufleriig. as they imagine, one from dyspepsia another from heart, disease,
ano8h30 r t-,fi hlver or k-danye djisacs-. auteLr trc-n nrv(:.U6 exausr,.,n or F-rot'ration. another with pain here or there and In
this way they all prta-snt uLt." t,* ta tnmsiv,-.s and their easy--oing and inlifterent, or over-busy doctor, separate and distinct diseases,
for which he prs--aries- hs pils and pc-.t ilon, acuming tb:.m to be s: hb, wea, in riaht,. they are all only r smptioms caused by some
womb dsorder. Tne paeyiican. ignorant otf ths cause of suffin:-rt. enc.:,urages his practice until large bills are made. The suffering
parEnEt gt-ts n., better, but probably worse by r.:a:son of the d.lay, w-rong treatment and consequent compUlicarions. A proper medicLae,
lie Dr. Pi:-rec-'s Favoritie Prcrmpnr-n, rin,,.t.i t .: t''lie .ui'. would hnve entirely removed the disease, thereby dispelling all those
distreassing symptoms, and instntuting comfort wstead of prolonged m.eiry.
1*- | Mrs. E. F. MORGeAN, of o. 71 Lex;ntlfton St. 1 I A Harvelous Cure- Mrs. G. F. SpRAouu,
.3 PHYSICIANSM I Et t Botli,. M-Vr.. says: Five y 'ars aio I JEAlflU I of Crystalt, Mich., writes: "1 was troubled with
1 3I was dreadful sufferer from uterine troubles. | female weakness, leucorrhea and facing of the
I FAiLED I Haoing exhauB[ed the skil of three pny- | rnP s I womb for stren years, so I had to keep myr bed
sicians. I was conipletc-ly discouraged, and so for a good part of the time. I doctored with an
weak [ could with difficulty cross the room Iarmy of dJffere physicians, and spent lare ams
alone. I bean taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and of money, but received no laenng benefit. At last my husband
using the locaJ treatment, recommended in his 'Common Sense pe-rsuaded me to try your medicines, which I was loath to do
Medical Adviaer.' I commenced to improve at once. In three because I was prejudiced against them. and the doctors sa.id *
m anths I was perfectly cured, and have had no trouble since. I they would do me no good. I finally told my husband that if ;-
wltte a letter to my family paper, briefly mentioning how my _he would get me some of your medicines, I would try them '
health had been restored, and offering to send the full particulars against the advice of my physician. He got me six bottles of the .-
to any one writing me for them. and encloing a stomped-en- Favorite Prescription,' also six bottles of the Discovery,' for .
velonpe for reply. I hare received over four hundred letters. ten dollars. I took three bottles of 'Discovery' and four of
In reply, I have described my case and the treatment used, Favorite Prescription,' and I have been a sound woman for four
and hare earnestly adnvs-A:d them to 'do likewise.' From a great years. I then gave the balance of the medicine to my sister, who
many I have received second letters of thanks, stating that they was troubled in the same way, and she cured herself In a short
had commenced the use of 'Favorite Prescription,' had sent the time. I have not had to take any medicine now for almost
$1.50 required for the 'Medical Adviser,' and bad applied the four years."
local treatment so fully and plainly laid down therein, and were
muob better already." ,
The treatment of many thousands of cases cures nausea, weakness ot stomach, 1udi- In pregnancy, "Favorite Prescription "
of those chronic weaknesses and distressiug gestion, bloating and eructations of gas. Is a_"mothers cordial." relievingnauasa,
allmentpecutiar to females,at the Invalids' As a soothbig and strengtheniuJng wealmess of stomach and other ahtr -fs .
Hotel and Surgicai Institute, Buffalo, N. Y., nervine," *.Favonte Prescription" Is un- symptoms common to that condition. .
has afforded a vast experience in nicely equalled and Is invaluable in allaying and its use is kept up in the latter months'of
adapting and thoroughly testing remedies subduing nervous excitability, irntabwty, gestation, it so prepares the system for de-
for the cure of woman's peculiar maladies, exhaustion, prostration, hysteria, spasms livery aa to greatly lessen, and many times
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and other distressing, nervous symptoms almost entIre-ly do away with the sufferings
Is the outirowth, or result, of this eat commonly attendant upon functional and of that tryingordeal. '
and valuable experience. Thousands of organic disease of the womb. It Induces "Favorite Prescriptiou,"whentakien
testimonials, received from patients and refreshing sleep and rellevus mental an ax- in connection with the use of Dr. Pieroe's-
from physicians who have tested It In the letr and despondency. Golden Medical Discovery. and small la.z-.
more aggravated and obstinate eases which Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription tive doses of Dr. Pierce' l.urgatve Pellet,
had baAed their skill, prove it to be the Is a legitimate medicine, carefully (Little Liver Pills), cures Liver, Kidney and.
most. wonderful remedy ever devised for compounded by an experienced and skillutul Bladder diseases, Their .combined.use also
the relief and cure of suffering women. It, physician, and adapted to woman's delicate removes blood taints, .and abolishes can.
is not recommended as a "cure-all," but organization. It is purely vegetable In its cerous and scrotulous humors from the
as a most perfect SpecfSic for woman's composition and perfecuy harmless tIn Its system.
peculiar ailments. effects in any condition of the system. ,Favoriete Prescription" Is the on'ly
As a powerful Invigoratmng tonic, "Favorite Prescription" is.a posl- medicine for women sc:d. ":x :.-.,x.7- :--.-
It imparts strength to the whole system, tive cure for the'most compllcated and under a positive garantee, from the ;
and to the uterus, or womb and Its ap- obstinate cases of leucorrbea, or "whites," manufacturers, that It will give-.satisfao. -
pendages, In particular. For overworked, excessive flowing at monthly periods, pain- tion In every case, or money will be re-
worno-nut," "run-down." debilitated teach- ful menstruation unnatural suppressions, funded. This guarantee has .een printed -
era, milliners, dressmakers, seamstresses, prolapsus or falling of the womb, weak on the bottle-wrapper, and farithfully-car-
'. sbop-g-irl"" 'housekeepers, nursing moth- tack, "female weakness," anteversion, re- tied out for many years. Large bottle;
ers, and feeble women generally, Dr. troversion.bearlng-down sensations, chron- 000 doses) $1.00, or six -bottles for-.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription Is the great- in congestion, Inflammation and ulceration 95.00. .- ;..- ..,..- -
est earthly boon being unequalled as an of the womb. Inflammation, pain and ten- Ur'Send ten cents In stamps.orr Dr.
appetiain cordial and retorative tonic. It derness in ovaries, accompanied with "in- Pierce's large, illustrated Treatise. ( -
promotes digestion and assimilation of food, ternal heat." pages) on Diseases of Women. -

- .


anq elfisc~ilkrng.


Among the Bees-Important" Points
About Fruits-and Trees-A Simple and
Inexpensive Plant Protector-The Use
of Insecticides.
In many sections of the country it is not
possible to grow cucumbers and other
plants without the protection of frames or
bottomless boxes of some kind, that pro-
tect the young plant from their insect
enemies. These contrivances are often ex-
pensive and troublesome to adjust. The
illustration represents a device vouched
for by The American Agriculturist as an
effective plant protector, easy to make
and apply, iand costing only the labor of
rouansrtltug it. .

This inexpensive protector consists sim-
ply of a piece of card board or stiff paper
of any kind, cut as seen in Fig. 2 in the
illustration. When the ends are brought
together and the slits, indicated in the
Illustration, made to interlock a cone, as
seen in Fig. 1, is produced, which, when
placed around the plant, furnishes as com-
: plete a protection against insects as the
most expensive device.

Newly Set Trees.
Newly set trees require special care at
this season, and many trees will doubtless
die of neglect that with proper attention
might thrive. Hot, dry: weather kills
many young trees. The ground around
newly set trees ought to be frequently
stirred and not allowed to become hard.
If trees were not mulched at time of
Planting stir the soil and apply as a
mulch some substance that will soak up
and retain mronisture. It does no good to
water trees that are not mudl-.hedin dry
weather. A mulch serves a double pur-
pose; Ir retains moisture in the gi~und
below it, and holds moisture in itself to
be given up as the soil beneath it dries.

Sick Fowls.
Complaints are unusually frequent this
season in regard to sick fowls. In nine
cases out of every ten reported the-disease
j: is roup in one of its several states, and it
is caused from neglected cold,, undue ex-
: posiure to cold and- wet, routing in
drauchts or confinement in ill ventilated
'-: houses. The very first symptom of this
Dreaded disease is a hoarseuess and pecu-
liar noise made by the chick, whicb, for
**- lack of a better term, may be called a
: "sneeze," a general dumpisbness and dis-
Sinclinati.,on to eat.. At this stage if prompt
and-efficient treatment be given the birds
." can be saved.
As group is highly contagious, the first
thing to be done is to isolate sick birds
from the well ones. The writer separates
from the flock the birds as soon as they
begin to sneeze, confines them in veuti-
lated but dry coops. The birds are fed on
Cooked food, in which is mixed a little
cayenne pepper and spirits of camphor,
whde in their drinking water is put
Douglas mixture at the rate of two table-
spoonfuls to a gallon of water.
At the second stage of the disease the
eold has developed an offensive discharge
from the nutriis and eyes, an offensive
breath, and refusal usually to either eat
or drink. Ecen at this stage the birds
may be saved by administering roup
piUls-German group pills are a popular
kind-actc-rding to directions, keeping up
Douglas mixture in the water in which
has been dropped a little cirbobc acid.
When thethird stage is reached, at which
juncture the head becomes much swollen
and ulcers- appear, it is folly to doctor the
fowls They ought to be killed inmme-
diately and their bodies buried.
When once the roup, even in its first
stage, has appeared, it is a wise precau-
tion to feed the well fowls a little sulphur
in their food, and tincture of iron iu the
drinking water. We have given above
the more marked symptoms of roup and
the remedies that have proven effectual
with us. Symptoms differ somewhat,
according to the violence of the attacks,
but thbe offensive breath, the core throat
and mouth, the sneeze, discharge from
nostrils and eyes, will, one or more of
them, mark the disease. Roup remedies
are legion, but preventive means are best.
It will pay every one who keeps fowls to
have on hand roup pills and Douglas
mixture.; these two remedies have been
proven beyond doubt to be excellent, and
there is no hesitancy in recommending
Indigestion, due to cold sometimes, but
usually to a too stimulating diet, may be
mitigated by cutting down the diet to soft.,
bland food and a limited water supply.
Indigestion causes .aotreimes what if
termed "crop bound." The booa does nol
pass into t-he stomach, and the crop be
comes swollen and hard, which renderi
the bird- restless, with inclination to tos.
._- the head about and draw uplthe crop. Thn
treatment for this is a little warim watet
forced down the throat and gentle knead-
-- -" ing of the crop; then kive a teaspootfful o0
*-. easteor.oil, and leave the rest to nature
Feed very soft food only, and allowhbua
little \rater.

Different Foods as Milk Producers.
The Iowa Agricultural college has madi
the foll6wing-classification of the relative
values of different foods as milk pro
ducers. Starting with 100 poundss of' po
tatoes aA.gtvinpg 10-parts df milk. corn'Ii
reckoned. 50,.timothy 50, barley 55,'oat
60, wheat 65.-wheat bran ,0. clover ha:
.. 80, ollmeal 145.'

-- -.. -
/. .- --- .-. .-.-
b.'' "if --"'*x ^. '.. ., '- "_ ... ..~.- ~-:_. ~:- '.-" .- .* 1

How to Apply Insect Poison.
The bureau of entomology, department
of agriculture at Washington, D. C., sends
out the following for use as insecticides
on or about plants, trees, etc.:
London Purple.-To twenty pounds
flour from one-quarter to one-half pound
is added and well mixed. This is applied
with a sifter or blower. With forty gal-
lons of water one-quarter to one-half
pound is mixed for spraying.
Paris Green.-With twenty pounds of
flour from three-quarters to one pound is
mixed arid applied by sifting or by a
blower. The same amniount of the insecti-
cide to forty gallons of waters used as a
Bisulphite of Carbon.-For use in the
ground a quantity is poured or injected
among the roots that are being infected.
Against insects damaging stored grain of
museum material a small quantity is used
in air tight vessel.
Carbolic Acid.-A solution of one part
in 100 of water is used against parasites
and domestic animals and their barns and
sheds; also on surface of plants and among
the roots in the ground.
Helebore.-The powder is sifted on
alone or mixed one .part to twenty of
flour. With one gallon of water one-
quairter pound is mixed for spraying.
Kerosene Milk Emulsion.-To one part
milk add -two parts kerosene, and churn
by force pump or othe- agitator. The
butter like emulsion is diluted ad libitum
with water. An easier method is to sim-
ply mix One part of kerosene with eight of
Soap EmuIsion.--In one gallon hot
water one-half pound whale 'oil soap is
dissolved. This, instead of milk, is mixed
to an emulsion with kerosene in the same
manner and proportion as above.
Pyrethrumn (Persian insect powder).-Is
blown or sifted on dry; also applied in
water, one gallon to atablespoonful of the
powder, well stirred and then sprayed.
Tobacco Decoction.-This" is made as
strong as possible as a wash or spray to
kill insect pests on animals and plants.

Transplanting Celery.
Select if possible the first day after a
heavy rain for transplanting celery, when
the ground is cool and moist. Set the
plants about the same level, with the
groiud around them, as they grew before
transplanting Remember, if set too high
tie plants wil wdt; if set too low they
will be smothered. Press the earth firmly
around the plants at time of transplanting.
Celery plants may be set between rows of
early vegetables, such as onions, cabbage,
and the like, when ground is limited. A
usual plan is to set the plants in rows
about three feet apart, the plants being
six inches distant in the rows.
,.- a. .A 5 -

Numbered with leading varieties popu-
lar in many sections, anti notably in the
great celery districts about Kalamazoo
Mich is "Golden Dwarf." In size and:
habit :-f growth it is much the same asithe
halfdwart aud dwart kinds, except thai
when blarn:hed the heart is of a waxy
golden yellow. It is, during winter, oni
of the best keepers known.
"Boston Market" is a favorite around
Boston, and is similar to the dwarf whiLte
varieties, but rather more robust. "Giant
White ,:id" is one of the best of thi
large growvina r sorts, and is prized in
southern secti[ouns e-peially, because i
will thrive in a dry, hot atmosphere
"White Plume," a comparatively nei
celery, has found favor among amateur

urowrs i because its stalks' and leaves ar
narurally white, and do not reqCur
blanching by the old processes of hWa
banking. By simply tying up the stalk
and drawing up the soil with a hoe th
work of blanching is complete.

Crop reports from Manitoba are en




'-I "I
-' -. '-' *~ii'
- ~- t.t~ tr -h&SiA.eL.ftti.sdt -estist

f'f S9 "Has there been an accident then after
WadniM all?" "
._Sy tSf f But he spread out his hands,.with a, C
S -gesture of despair, and answered-l "A\h, ea
M. VO noi No accident, no accident Desig"'" y
-TutllE lI N B010 ulitelgil thato I had o sea him in
TH E, I O B IIAfter which he became so incoherent and s
uiAintelligible that I had to seat him in 3A
_____ my arm chair, and pour out a stiff brandy .
and soda for him. This he -",v-ili-o:,-dA. p
BY W. E. NOBRRIS. throwing back his head and closing his d
-' eyes, as if it had been hemlock; and when I
he had drained the last drop of it, he felt n
CHAPTER V. in his pocket for a note, which he handed
I am but a poor equestrian and can only me. b
speak upon such subjects with the diffi- "Read that, Harry," said he, tragic- v
dence which beseems me, but I have al- ally. "Read it, my dear young friend, a
ways understood from those who ought to and tell me, if you can, what is to be N
know that the hunting in our parts is of done. Because I am willing to confess to e
an inferior order. The covert shooting, you that what to do I know not at all.
on the other hand, is fairly good, and that The note, which I perused with no I
belonging to the Stauines Court property small curiosity and astonishment, ran as 3
may almost be called famous. Now Lord follows: I
Stains had left his coverts untouched un- "ROYAL HOTEL, STOOKIcOHAI. e
til Christmas, being, as I verily believe, "DEAR PAPA-Lord Bracknell and I were mar- ]
instigated to this act of self denial by a tied before the registrar here this.morning., It is
desire to please his heir, who at that tinue all quite legal and regular, of course; but we b
wadesir one to pleasthe his heir, whots in England. think we ought not to omit the religious cere-
was one of theft best shots in isngland. ony, although circumstances have prevented
Great, therefore, must have been his suir- usfrom going through it in the ordinary way;
prise, and great also his disappointment and so we propose, to drive over early to-morrow
on finding that Bracknell preferred to. fol- morning and be married again quite privately by A
low the hounds during his stay, and that yoi.' I am sure you will understand how advisa- (
he could not even be persuaded to take .ble this is in order to prevent scandal, and Ineed.
his gun out of its case on non-hunting not warn you that not a word must. be said at,
days.Staines Court until it is allover and we have left'
days. s again. Afterward you. can break the news to I
"It seems to me," the poor old gentle- Lord Staines. -Bracknell thinks his father will
man declared in my hearing, "that he ndt have been made uneasy by his non-appear- (
must have taken leave of his senses. I ance, as he often runs up to London without '
really can't account for his behavior in mentioning that he is going to do so. Please tell ,
any other way." Sarah that I shall want all my things packed up,
I could have accounted for it; though I and that she must begin doing it at once, and sit up
am not prepared to say that my explana- all night, if necessary, as there is no time to lose.
tion excluded the hypothesis of insanity I have engaged another maid to meet us in Lon-.
icould have told Lord Staines that, indif- don, and shall not take Sarah with me. Do not
f t as the htid wSans thewasa distress yourself about this sudden resolution of
ferent as the hunting was, there was a ours; you will see that all will come- rat -a r c e
certain country gentleman in the neigh- end. we shall be with you soon ii ,i 9' ci.-:.:i;
borhood who was devoted to it, heart mnd to-morrow morning.
soul; 'that this gentleman had recently "Your affectionate daughter,
presented a well broken saddle horse to "HUimA, BAom-NLL."
his betrothed; and further, that when I can testify that the above is a strictly I
Bracknell was not out hunting with the literal reproduction, because I wrote it 1
couple aforesaid he was amusing himself down word for word, immediately after I
in some other and perhaps less innocent had read it, thinking it. worthy of remem-
fashion in the company of one of them. brance as a curiosity-in the way of episto-
But I did not tell him this, partly because lary composition. Never, I imagine, was
I was not asked and partly because I am a treacherous act avowed with more cyn- i
constitutionally averse to being blown up ical effrontery. The writer seemed to have i
sky high. forgotten altogether that she had been B
A few days before that on which the engaged to be married in the course of a
wedding had been appointed to take place, few days to an honest man who had the ]
I was invited to luncheon at the rectory, folly to adore her. One can't think of t
it having been intimated to me that I everything, and I suppose she was fully ,
should be expected to make myself useful absorbed by the important considerations
subsequently in helping to move furniture set forth in her letter. She was anxious v
and carry out other preparations for the to avoid unnecessary scandal; she did not -
feast at which Mr.5Turner proposed to wish to incur the discomfort of a stormy.,
entertain his friends after the ceremony. interview with Lord Staines, and she was
When I arrived jU found Jim and Mr. determined not to part with her new ]
Sparks, the curate, seated in the drawing clothes. If she had wandered away from
room, with our host, but Hilda was con- these main points she might perhaps have
spicuous by her absence. Her absence confused her father's mind, which, to be
had become quite disagreeably conspicu- sure, was not a very clear one.
ous when the clock struck half. past 2, Ireally could not see my way to offer-
by which time we were all very hungry, ingthat unlucky man much comfort. "If
having reacheil the extreme iinit of our you wish for my opintnion," I replied when
subjects of conveisuation. In the course he. repeated his demand, "I should Lsay
thereof it had transpired that Bracknell that, you had better read the marriage
had come over in his dog cart two service over them and then pack them offt
or three hours before, and had per- with all dispatch. After that, it will bed
suaded Hilda to go out for a drive with your pleasing duty to- impart the good
him.- "But she assured me,", said Mr. news to Lord Staines, keeping well out of
Turner, fidgering about uneasily, "that the reach of his arm while you do so. I
she would be hack very shortly, and I am don't knowv that it is any business of
altogether at a loss to account for this mine, but in:. common charity I will un-
delay." dertal'.e Jim. May-Heaven send us both
"Oh, they'll turn up all right," re- a good deliverance!"
turned Jim composedly. "Bracknell .As soon as. I had got rid of the Rev.
never knows what time of day it. is. I Simneon, I went to bed. I could think of
don't think :hey deserve that we should nothing b ut. poor old Jim and the cruel
wait any longer for them, though." blow which it would be my lot to strike
Here the cuirate, a godd natured but not himon the morrow.
very iutelleut young man, judged it ap- --
propriate to remark, with a loud laugh, ::.CHAPTER VI.
"Upon my word,-hM. Leigh, you will
have to l-ook atter this young lady. It's As matters fell -out the task of ealight-
days for her to be -n "drivingoff ening Lord Staines "was thrown upon-my
early days for her to begin driving off ,houlders, in addition to that with which
with a gay bachelor and finding his corn- I h ad already saddled myself; for scarcely
pany so agreeable that she forgets to come had I finished my ibreaktast when Mr.
home to luncheon." Turner ru'rivcd, trembling and breathless,
After thrs graceful sally on the part of to say that he really did n feel equal to
Spr v, c-cfnut into the dining- room and
;prU we w'nt into the dining room and encountering tlie brunt of his patron's
refre-he.I d ourselves; but. we hlistened in evTith.
ram far the -ound of Bracknell's chariot, "Indeed," he added, with a ludicrous
wheels, and at length Jim, whose lawyer effort to regain his accustomed suave
was coming down from Lonrn to see pompoity, am not sure t.at ir would
him, was compelled to leave us. His rplt ou my p-art to do ti. I tave not
e tbe right ou my part to do0 So. I hare not
Sco:,mponiure remtaired undisturbed up to forgotten the very impr,:'per terms in
the last; ,ut as ,oion as lie .was gone Mr. which Lord Stnines chose to arddress me
STurner confidedl ito me that he, for his w hen I called upon him once before on--
part, was becoming setrio,:uly alarm. er-a somewhat similar errand, and both
"I wo.fd nUtOL n,:-ntion it while .James for h;s ake aud fur my own, aii repeti-
Swas here," he caid, "but it struckt me tion of suli a scene is-e--to b.e -deprc.
That Lord Bracknell was driving a sorime- cated. To you pofanitvy of language
what restive animal, and I cannot help would ha l,.-s shocking-at least, I in-an
e fenlrlng th,t.,-,tc rne accident hits ,',cctrred." w udbI-'sSo a esIr,.a
,eing ht se acid-t t occurred. that yo must be more accustomed to
If any accident had occurred wi-rhin ten hearing it: and-er-in short"-
miles of us, ie sliouldl cetLiiuly have t
e heard of it by that time, and, o I told him, "In short," I Interrupted, not- over re-
n but hc n-.-a uot convinced; kand as th~e poor spectfully-for really the Rev. Sinmeon'.
t old fellow was evidentlv fretting himself aspect at that moment was not calctlated
into a fever, I could but. offer to scour the to induce respect-'"you want me to do
country in search of the al.sentees. Ac- your dirty work for you. Very well; I
cordinely I set out m one direction while don't particularly mind; I may as well be
thie good-niatitred Sparks tridgeil awa? in hanged for a sheep as for a lamb. Only I
another; auad a very iisiga--enle walk I don't propose to prevent Lord Sinc
bad of it. through the r'jin, which began to tiom going down to the rectory later in
core doin im eiliately after I started. the day and shocking you with pi-cfane
None oef ite people wvhom I met had ween language. It may not be altogether your
Brritkiuiell up.:-u whose heail I cii nri- iu- fault that your daughter has disgraced
yoke a tie-s.ing abe I reached home t herself and inveigled Bracknell into dis-
dark, drenched to the skin. I wias pe- gracing himself with her, but you may-as
fectly -sure tCat neither he nor Hdda bad well be prepared to be told that it Is. I
come to any physic: harm; because per- I were in-.eyour place I should beaa good
sons of that kpyicdveryl rrehyget theiir deal more frightened of Jim Leigh than of
necks broken winless it. he by the hand of Lord Staines."
tie pblit executioner, cud only if they "Gently, my dear young friend,
happen to bclo:ng to th,: lo-wer oridersi, but gentlylI" relurned Mr. Tm-n'nr with dig-
I did think that between them they were nity. "You are excited, and I do not
carrying impudence about as far as it blame you for it; but to say that .my
could very well he carried. However, as ,l daughter has disgraced herself is to say
I dhd not at that tinie for'esee that I should toa much--a gi-eat deal too much. That.
ever write the history of these delinquents, she did very wrong in engaging herself to
l:ceasedl to: think about then as soon as I James I allow, and he will- not find me
hrid finched my dinner, and, hernng-made slow to express my sincere sorrow and
myself comiortahle wilh a blazing fir- sympathy; but we must bear in mind that
and a cigar, tt to work upon an article het.afeca ons were given in the first place
'of .which I.hoped Ca have the skeleton to Lord Bracknelt. I will not say that
completed B before bedtime, thepyoung people were ju.utifled in taking
--I-was getting on quite nicely, and had the laiw into their own hands; yet Imay
scribbled dof s-e veral nepi-amm aTc anry doubt whether Lord Staines' motives for
.insetfb scatteredscrelessly ove r.my" forbiddngiy them to marry were of the
ton Oe seen hpareles ce ad ri. nt kid. No do n anr. m
-ecomniasirion and to cheer the persever'ing -
-ereader on his way through it, when I was be oyu. ca c .e th youareno
he informed that "Mr. Turner was down y~et master of yourselfr. 11 you .w.il allow
s tairs and want ed t a see me "most patI c-ie e I wigal go up stairs and sit, witlh your
done- Ths aninustcemetdear mother while yon walk ove
followed by the earrance of Itr. Turner Staiunes Courot.". .. ..
himself, in hau indescribable state of agita-' E.videntlyv Hi.dua had beenutldcaT~gatO
-lon. On seeing his pa.le face and rumpled, him, anda it .womulheasr to. wat
n-hair, I naturally-concluded that I haqgo inigaio.uo'sc"hpeesn
done Nemesis au injustice, and exclaimed, apitde

"Pray do so, Mr. Turner,-'" i-answered; fi:
'my .mother will be very glad to s,:-' you. w
Inly I hope you will kindly ret a in trom tl
xpoundinig your views with regard to' ti
your iliauhhter's marriage to her, because' w
he is. rather subject: to attacks of I:
ause i." pJ :
W-th this v.ilcdiitor shot I set oat to c,
perform tme ilrst rnd i,-at p-inful of the
uties wii-.hh I hadj ac.-pteid. I fo,,und r.
Lord Staii.c:-: in Li. study, aud apparently ti
i a rather bail hun-mor. h
"Oh, how do you do, 3l,-nard" sail c:
ae, looking up from the lIrtter v-hich lhe
ras writing. "Do you happen to know
anything, about that fellow, Bracknellf tl
WVhen I was his age it usedi to be consid- a.
;ertd the civil thing just to h:t your lather n
mknow when you p.roposei t,, leave his ti
house or return to it, lut nuovwad.lys the, i
roung men seemin to think that they sa
needn't take any notice of- their fathers,
except .when they want money. Here-is h
3racknell gone off, nobody knows where, I
it the very moment when- I am making it
business arrangements for which his sig- o o
nature is required. I told him about itE a
two days ago, but of course my conveni-
ence counts for nothing when it i- a ques- a
lion of going to some confounded -t-eple-
chase or other."- s
I thought there was nothing, to be
g in ed by putting off the evil moment. s
" I c a n't, tell you where Lord Bracknell is, Li
Lord Staines,". I replied, "but- I have t
come here to give you some very unpleas-"
ant news about him. .He was married
yesterday at the registrar's office at Stock- tI
i tgh tt -l, Ht-lda Turner." i
Lord Staiuis started up, overturninghis
chair. A rush of blood made his cheeks 1
crimson for a moment,-and then ebbed
sldowly away, leaving them of a chalky t
ivwhteness. For a full minute he uttered-
never a word; then he advanced slowly to-
aardl me from behind the table, tremblin' ]
a good deal. "'Maynard, my dear ellow-," .
said he, quite quietly, "it is not possible -
that you can be telling the truth. Some-
body has played a foolish hoax upon j
yon."', -_ I
And when I shook my head, "My good
sir,"he went on, with rather mr-re impa-
tience, "I tell you that the things isim- I
possible! You will aLlow me t'u know
something about my own son, I suppose. '
Bracknell.is what you please-I never
called him perfect, God lniows'-but at
least he is a man of honor. You don't i
seem to take in that no honorable man
could act in the way that you describe."
"It is not altogether unprecedented," I
ventured to observe.
."I don't care whether it's unprece-
dented or not; Bracknell never did it. If
he had been deterauined to marry this--
this lady, he w,-old have dei-dr me and
done it in the light of day like a man,
knowing very well what thi- cornequences
wouldbe. But as for Aslir-king, off with
her on the sly and betraying the confi-
dence of his friend-poohl don't tell mel "
If you brought the whole partsh to swear
to, it, I wouldn't believe it."
I snppoeb he was really less incredulous
than he professed to be, por old teilo:-w,
for presently he added: ."A'id praT, where
did you get this precious piece of in :forma-
tion from"
And then I told him the whole story.
It. was one of the most uipleacsant thing?
that I have ever bad ti) do in my life, and
when I had said my say I wanted to cgo
away and leave him; but he held me back.
gripping my arm tightly. So far he had
listened to we quietly enough, -scarcely in-
terrupting mie, and only once or tiice
muttering under his breath a wiord or two
which I could not catch, but uow on a
sudden his anger burst forth in a storm of
disjointed, incoherent sentences.
"I'll never see his face again-never!
You may tell him so from me. He lhas
chosen to take his own way, and by the
Lord he shall haeitl Not another penny
shall he have. I'll stop his allowance-a
devilish handsome allowance, to!o-and
his debts, which I have paid aaiu and
again, by Georage, without, so much as
grumbling-a fool and his money--but
he'll find that I'm not quite the focol he
takes me for. Damn it all, sirl did you
come up here with the idea that you were
going to telk me over' Ycu have got up
this scheme among you-you and that.
girl and old Turner, a men who owes
everything to me anil thinks lie can play
me such a trick with impunity. But I'll
very soon let him see his mistake. He
shall resign the living, as sure as I stand
"I think you forget, Lord Staines," I
interruptr-d, "that I, at least, cau have
had no (oiice-ivable object in furthering
Hilda's sche.:mnes. If I had known any-
tlini about them, or had had auy power
over thc-m, I should have done my best to
put a slop to them for poor Jim Leigh's
"Yes, yes-I know," he answered, with
a complete change of tone. "I beg your
pardon, MaynIard; don't mind what I say
about you; I didn't mean it. I mean what
I say about. Bracknell, though-I'll never
speak to him again. Oh, Hariy, that boy
has broken my heart He knew it was
essential that he should marry money-
and then to ruin himself for t.he sake of
such a girl as that. You needn't pity
Jim Leigh; he's well rid of a bad bar-
Very likely he was, but unfortunately
there was no likelihood at. all that be
would take that viewof the matter. I
was beginning to say as much, but the
words died away upon my lips; for at this
indment, the' door was thrown open and
Jim himself strode into the room. As
eoon as I saw his face I perceived that
some one had been beforehand with me,
and that there was no longer any occasion
for me to consider in what words he might
best be informed of Hilda's fight.
He glanced rapidly at. each of us in turn.
"It's true, then?" he exclaimed.
Lord Staines wheeled round upon him
with an odd access of fury. "Truel--yes,
it's true enough. Why the devil shouldn't
it be true' Did you make the mistake of
supposing that my son was an honorable
man? Why, what a simpleton you must.
bel .I-I"--.
He stopped abruptly, stared at us for an!
instant with fxsed, glazing eyes, and then,
swaying forward, would have fallen'on
his face if Jim had not caught him..
-. Between us we lifted him on tp the.sofa,
and- then the servants were called, and
poor"7little 'Lady' llldred had' to'be sent


ir. I told her min as few words as po',ible
that wl-is the c.l.ueut' her father's eizure,
thinking it be-t that she should knlw tha
ruth; and, so far-as I could .iu'de, she
a not wry vrsgratly surprioied. -he
:-pt her pre_-enre cf minund adinilrmr.Iy. dis-
ivy,-g n,:' il.L-ti 1tion rind ldoLg what little
:.uld e( d0on? r-ntid the doctor came.
L.iter iin the da7 a treat Lad-'on mlui "
as telegraphed tur; but ou"-r lixl praLti-
i..n-r coi eildld tuor me that he wvoild not
.-re c:.ni;r,: thi tep necev-ary in the
,ie tf a r' ient if ei. : exsaltel riairk.
-Wdl h111h die, then 1 asked. :
V., -irf, no," in-_wered the ldoet,:,r; "not
hii- timr:. Bit ii' will[ never I:., the sarme
gain. I-have told I.,lVy Mildrc.rl that iue
may' exercise he r Y..-n jiudgtient ibout '.t
telegraphing to Loni ruacrkn-,ll, init that
In my opinion lie .lioILd not blie ailkwed to
ee -';s t. -it li .'r. .
Jim and Ileft theL.:.uCe tieth.ter. We
ad hardly exchanged: :- r:,r 1 et, and
did not like to begin; so i.h .t i.We walked
a silence as far as the park Lates, where
qurpaths dverped; and there lie came to
Shalt .. .. .
'Gi,,dhy, Barry.'" -aid he; "'I'm going
,way I.. 'imrri':.'.
,"The best thing you can do," I an-
wered. '. '
"Is it? Don't know. Anyhow, I-can't]
tay here. I shall go to India, or Austra-
ia, or .)amevhere-it d;:,en't much',mat-
1cr. Harry, :,'u are richt; this -world is
[:-pled lby aset of rascals and lars."
I said. tlhe world was bad-enough, but
htrt I bad rnot bi.',uLhbt quite' so sweeping
a chnarre ii that tJan.t it.
Oh, I thought you hmail. One thingI
know, I T,-dll nicer trust man or wonian
gain az. li.aL, as I live. But it won't I.ear
a:lkng about, a.nd, aterl all, whiiat's the
good of talkj",_ Gollby,. Harry."
He turned and wailkeL-d away a few
paces, then -.surldei-ly faced about and
came back to me. "Some day or othljer
we shall meet again, if I life," he -.,id;
"but when that will ibe I ctn't tell. Do'ti
forget me, old chap; I'll write to you i-,,en
[I can."
And -o we parted. I confess that I did
not take hi- words qiute literally, and
fully expected that le (would be-overtat
_,ur house on the f0lioiwing day. ButI.
wvas dliftpp.,inted. He le1ft England, just'-
as he hd id tht rhai h hrouldl i..; ElnLimiL t l
ivas hut up; its owner was ioi:t sighlit of,
if not absolutely ftorrotteu, r.y hi Liiii,11 -.
trieit_,, andit was y,:ar- before I savw his .
honest, kindly face again. ..
i e _.,) BE .,: i i r ,i ^ .
Thinining Fruits. :
All hornic.ulturist who grow choice frua;
for market realize the importance of thin-
ning out. the embryo fruit by relieving
trees and vines of any surplus and of all
inferior or diseased specimens. Farmers,
as a rule, also recognmze the importance of
thinning fruits, but comparatively few of
them do it, the plea being that it. is too
much trouble. The consequence of neglect
in this direction is a lot of inferior fruit,
often unfit for any market; very unlike
the choice grades that command highest
.The surplus of trees or-vines may he re-'
mojed before the flowers have bloomed
by tli operation of disbudding, or it may
be done as soon as the fruit has set; in-
deed, thinning may still .be accomplished
after the fruit is half grown, by reducing
the number, so that what remains will be
fully and perfectly developed. This thin-
ning out of fruit pays alike pn pear,
peach, plum and other fruit trees, and es-
pecially have its good effects been noted
on grape vines. It is by the removal of a
laree portion of clusters of embryo fruits
that prize grapes, peaches ahd the like are

Save the tiqoid Manure.
Scienntsts have proven by chemical
analysis the value of liquid manure as
plant food, and it will pay farmers to save
all that is made in stables, barns and cat-
tie sheds. This can be done by conduct-
ing it into tanks or cisterns made for the
purpose, or by the use of absorbents. The
latter is the more usual plan, and not a
few farmers consider the bedding from

sheds and stables of horses, sawdust and
other material saturated with urine, one
of the most. valuable components of the
manure pits and compost heap. Liquid
manure must be largely dilated before
application; hence the plan alluded to of
doing it by absorbents and mixing therein
with -the manure heap, is an excellentone.-

The Cabbage Worm.
The cabbage worm is the larva of the
white butterfly, and should be hand
picked before the first brood has passed
the perfect state. Pyrethrum, mixed with
five times its weight "of plaster, dusted
into the center of the leaves with bellows,
is effectual. Paris green is also effectual,
but. being a poison, it is unsafe to use it
after the leaves are more than four inches
long. _____
Timely Notes qn Bee Keeping.
Work to be done in the apiary during
the summer months runs somewhat as
follows: ,
Arrange hives for boxing and extract-
Have everything in readiness for
swarms, if this system is practical.
Rear queens, and make, artificial
Ventilate strong swarms in the warm- .
est weather.
Remove surplus boxes as" soon as full,
and supply the place of the first ones with
empty boxes. '
Look out for the moth larva in surplus
honey and extra combs :, ,
Extract at suitable intervals.
If preparations are to be mad6., for win-
tering bees indoors'the work ought to be .
done in warm weather, that all damp
material may be dried before the room is
occupied by the bees. Do not neglect
refuse comb designed for wax.

The Secret of Ralsing Sheep.
Ote great secret in rearing profitable
sheep is that'there shall be no pause In
the growth of the lambs from the time .
they are dropped. Many failures ariae
because the lambs' growth Is Interrupted.
Keep the lambs growing is the first and
great principle In the economic manage-
ment of sheepfolds. .- :


Stwo other demijohns that were dancing
glcridianatv. about, undecided whether to go over-
boaid or not. In the cabin there oc-
curred a "mixellaneous bilin'," equal tc
State News in Brief. Joshua Fullalove's. Magazines, nooks.
-An electric light company is figur- coral, seeds, pots, kettles and tin cans,
ing on a plant for DeLand. all took a tumble and got a good wetting
-Macclenny is to have a grand barbe- do n from the disturbed demijohn as it
ce-Macenny Setem ae a shot past the open hatch. For awhile
cue abont September 1st. we had no time to watch the antics ol
-The piling for the bridge over the the turtle schooner. though, being more
Halifax at ormond is nearly all driven, heavily loaded, we did not roll quite sc
-A new Congregational Church, to badly as she.
cost $3,000 is being erected at lake After a time, however, we got under
Helen. way, and after rounding Palm Point tilhe
-A round-house for six engines ii to water became smoother and a fair wind
be built for the J., T. and K. W. road at sprung up. Passing this point reminds
Palatka. us of the historic Royal nalm that once
stood there. We had never before heard
-A Leon county gentleman has this of there being more than two trees, bul
season netted $300 from twelve LeConte Mr John Rusell, of Metacombe, told us
pear trees. This is at the rate of $2,i))0 yesterday that there was once quite s
to theacreyesterday that there was once quite
to the acre. cluster of smaller ones, back of the two
-A steamer seventy-four feet long tallones that served as suchan excellent
and guaranteed to make twelve miles an landmark-at least eighteen or twenty
hour is being built at Eau Gallie, on In- trees in all-that he had seen them and
dian River. "'had his hands c.ia them" himself. Mosi
-The work of deepening the channel of these were destroyed by a hurricane
at Tampa is progressing rapidly. Both previous to the time when the two larger
the drilling and dredging machines are ones were killed. Had it not been fot
at work. the abominable and universal practice ol
-The growing of different varieties of burning the woods during the last cen-
tobacco will be one of the new features tuny, practiced both by Indian and
of the State Agricultural College at Lake white man, we have no doubt that the
City next session. Royal palm would now be glowing al-
most everywhere in extreme South
-Mr. Speer, of Orlando, who started Fl.rida, and it seems to us that in this
a carp pond two and a half years ago. way, too, have been altogether destroyed
now has many thousand in his pond. ma'ny other delicate indigenous plants
They are multiplying very rapidly-, and trees.
-One of Columbia county's farmers Ji. '.".-After a drizzly, squally day,
was iu Lake City Wednesday, last week we .uchored last night in Saud-dy psas,
selling corn from his last year's crop, and this morning came on through
which weighed 6i-34 pounds to the bushel. CLbuckaluskee Bay into "Hayti-potartc
-The first new cotton of this season Creek." Found the mosquito lively, but
in Marion county was bought by E. P. rather on the decrease, owing to the
Thaggard. of Reddick, Fla., for which great amount of rain that has fallen.
he paid ten cents par pound in the seed. Ran up the creek as tar as Mr. Stortert s.
where we spent another rainy dar.
S-The 8-acre grove being put out at Although ChtckaluEk-e is" celbbrated
Wildwood, under the management of c i anas. we were particularly
W. White, for King & I-o.. of Cleveland, for it banas w ere particularly
Ohio, h-,s been named the Monuarch Or: inipies-ed wtlth the fat that the Iwvarf
Ohio, b',s beann named the Monarch o anas id not seem any more healthy
ange grove, and -turdv. nor trnebunclies any larger
-The tobacco crop in Gadsden county ani] finer than mauy.that we have seen
is being housed, and the plantersareget- produced on the sandy land of Manatee
ting it realy for market as rapidly as and vicinity. "Tle .oil here is a sticky
possible. The crop in that county will black loam'or clay. undei laid with shell
be large and ot fine quality. or marl, and very rich and productive
-Colonel F. McLeod, of Columbia usually, though there are but very few
county, has a nice little tobacco cip. such spots available, ori account of the
The (Colonel Ihaz; made omrue disucoveries uniform lowness of the- land. The peo-
that our tobacco raisers should remem- pie hereare left in peace bly e the lax coi-
ber. A flock of turkeys will extermin- leattr, as the land on these islands has
Sate the worms, and wasps are also valua- not been surveyed yet. People, how-
ble. He does not allow their nests to be ever. who havesucli mn.:.,slsquitoes to con-
disturbed. Tobacco raisers, remember teud witj. should not be pestered by the
this.-Lake City Reporter. additional nuisance of a tax collector.
--Isaac H. Trabue has filed with the Mr. Allen tells us that this region was
clerk of DeSoto county his bond. bind- also visited by hard trosts during the
ing himself to deed DeSoto county a past winter, which apparently were al-
block of ground in the tuwn of Tiabum.' nost as severe as tbh:.,se expel ienceld 15)
surrounded by streets, and to erect uor 20i miUes north of here. Out of seven
thereon a court-house and jail, to cost or eight large cocoa palms in Mr-. Allen's
not less thban'$10,000 and to present it to yard ia I of them twenty or more feet in
the county of DeSoto free of cost, pro- height two were entirely killed by the
vided the per.iple will make Trabue the freeze of January 1I86, while the others
c -site. have recovered, hut are not yet produc-
countyite. ing fruit again. Even during that
-Messrs. Lester & Ross, while having menmoiable freeze C'huckaluskee seems
a number of lemon squeezed yesterday, to have been an unusually col 1 spot.
came across a very peculiar frea" of na- Here we found in bloom that most
ture in the shape of a perfectly formed beautiful of all the echttee that are na-
lemon growing inside of another. The Live to South Florida- Echitsplaurlosa.
inside fruit is about the 'ize of a walnut The flowers are two and a half inches in
and is perfect in every respect, the only diameter, white, with the faintest blush
difference between it and the outside of pink, and remind one of white A--
fruit being that the color of its skin in lanttuirla I it such a thing were known).
of a lighter and clearer yellow than its Th Ipom-, Bona-nox, Peter Hender-
outside or parent.-Orlando Record. son's famous --Moo-nflower," is in bloom
-We have in our office astern of Para everywhere; also, two otlhir very hand-
grass, brought in by Mr. Root, which some species, one with large pink flow-
measures about 11 feet in length. The ers, the other, bluish purple.
grass stands up until it gets about thiee Now and then one sees a rubber tree
or four feet. high. and if cut then it is all tFsctis aioea.) embracing in ilts folds the
available for fodder, and will put up trunk of a palmetto tree in exactly the
new shoots from the root, but if allowed same manner as its relative, the "-Meta-
to grow it fails upon the ground and palo" or "Scotch Attorney" behaves, in
roots at every joiut, running to a great the forests of Central America. The
length, and the older part of the stem trunk of the tree is in a few years en-
becomes too hard for good fodder. New tirely enclosed, and the crown concealed
shoots, however, branch out fiom the by the dark green leaves of the rubber
rooted joints and ate available for such tree. If not entirely killed the tree Is
use. The old stem may then be cut and most effectually stunted, hut the usurper
leave each joint as a separate plant.- seems to flourish the more vigorously.
Longwood Republican. But land high enough for the palmetto
-The fight between thIe contracting and the rubber tree is the exception, and
stevedores and the timber and lumber there is seldom little but the Ipoice-, to
merchants has assumed startling pro- break the monotony of endless stretches
portions. The, former have increased of mangrove islands.
the membership of their organization to i To be Coilitiued.)
forty -six, which embraces every contrac-
tor in the city, with the exception of
one or two. who have promised to join. A HOME MARKET.
The organization held a meeting last
night, but. the work done has not been Pn fo h Sal of Florida
promulgated, exceptsoi laras the fact an- Plans for the Sale of Florida
nounced that the contractors are bidding. Oranges in Jacksonville.
strongly for the sympathy of the labor-, MR. POOJAUD'S PLAN.
ers. The Timberand Lumber Exchange IFrn the Trmes-Unri,,n of Augitt 5th.]
held a meeting also, last evening, the The Florida Orange Auction and Foe-
members making star chamber matter warding Company is an enterprise that
of it-Pensacola Commercial. has been organized in this city for the
........... T. T purpose of making a home market for
ON THE SOUTHERN COAST. the orange and vegetable crop of the
-- State. Articles of incorporation have
Diary of a Summer Cruise in been filed with the clerk of the Circuit
Flonrida Waters. Court for this county and been for-
S-,.- f.i.. ~warded to the Secretary of State at Tal-
BY P. W. REASONER. labassee. As soon as it is returned the
BY P W E-"ONER company will be formed at once. Mr.
'"r-,.p A-PT-". V Charles E. Poujaud will be the resident
CHiA-FT.ER V. manager of the concern. Mr. Poujaud
FROM CAPE SABLE TO CHrCKALOSKEE..- isa gentleman of great mercantile ex-
STRANGE TREES AND FLOWERS. perience and ability, and will make of it-
June 26.--At anchor off Cape Sable. not merely a scheme but an enterprise
Before daylight we were conscious of a that, iti is hoped, will be productive of
"war among the elements" outside, and greatgood both to the producers through-
after getting out of bed we found the out the State and to Jacksonville. Con
turmoil increasing. Things were in me- nected with him are gentlemen of means
tion a little too much to admit of. get: and acknowledged integrity, who are
ting breakfast, and so we stretched out backers of the enterprise both financially
on deck and took things easy. A turtle and with their influence and experience.
schooner was anchored about a quarter These gentlemen represent thebanking
of a mile to the windward, whose evolu- business, the legal profession and other
tions greatly amused the skipper. "Look wdlks in life.' The capital stock of the
at her roll, PIin," he sung- out, as she company will be $25,000, which can be
bobbed around like a "cork in a wash- increased whenever necessary. The
tub."-"'See her roll" Just then a demi- headquarters of the company will be in
j john full.of water that was standing aft Jacksonville.
by the hatch, turned a somersault .over The objects of the organization were
its very neck, clear over the tileir, and explained "to a representative of the
-down-to the edge of the boat and. was Times-Union-vesterday morning by Mr.
"coJlared' by-the cook just in time to -Poujaud, as follows: : "
ke4p it from going overboard. The- ""T have seen the disadvantagesaunder
:skipper forgot the pitching of the other which Florida labored in having its pro-
--: -.. "_schooner, and rushed forward to secure ducts go forward seeking a market, in-
'.. -.:- .-. .. -

InIJ I L1 4 i 2 .6" I .' i -- Iu -n iI nn --I n I i

stead of the consumers abroad seeking g
Stem here, according to their require- n
Sments, and noticing that many gentle- s
) men of the State were of the tame opir- n
- ion with me. that Jacksonvilleshould be g
, the centre for the sale 'of these products. g
g as has been shown by several able arti-
t cles emanating froti, your val.tt'ile pa-
e per. the Times-i-Union, it was deemed ab-
f solutely necessary tor the proper protec-
* ti'on iof the producers that an idea so
) favorable to their interest should not be
allowed to die out, but to the c',.ntrt'ry
r take tangible form. For this purpose I'
e the different geutlemeu, after a few ses-
I sons, determined to organize themselves ,
s into a corporation, styled "The Florida
e Orange Auction and Forwarding C'om-
1 panvy." with ample capital to guarantee
t the'successful management of its busi.
ns ess. The object of this corporation is
* to be in constant and direct contact with
* the fruit growers, and sell thle iruit furr
t them as it is wanted.
S "We will be in constant commumnica-
1 tion with the consumers in the principal
a cities of the United States, and will
s know their immediate wants by corres-
r pondencp or telegraph. The fruit is to
r be paid for on shipment, and. by so doing
f we will dispense with the extraordinary
- expenses now incurred by the injudicious
I methods employed. Keep thle fruit on
e the trees, and not expose it, to decay in
- the crates by long storage, and make
t quick returns, which will be a saving of
s interest to the growers.
d "In order to accomplish this it -will be
s the first object of this'company toorgan
ize the fruiit.growers in eeiv part of the C
, State 'o that they ituay co-operate with h
, us aud act only Ipon 'such information
i as it will be our dluty to give them in he-
o half of thlifir own interest. The auction
t system will give the people through the
* press, all over the world, the price of the
differeurit .-rades of fruit daily. rl
-"BY our system the growers of the si
fi tit never lose control of the same. or ti
take risks which they now do, and they in
wUI know their agents directly, and P
fcummiiricate with them petsornaliy. In a
Fact, the fruit need scarcely be out of A
r their sight until they receive returns.
"Our further view's are to convince
the producers of tile fact that Florida
does not have an (vet production. This
we ill do bv ariangiua the shipments
to us by the'demnand for fruit, thereby le.
preventing the glutting of the m.trket.-. t
Tie trouble has been heretofore in the i2
mannerof shipment. The finil isshipped 3(
to many ignorant and irresponsible th
commirui-sion men who do not know the
first principles to be used in the handling ti
of fruit and vegetables. Our water fa- n,
cilities will give us a great advantage in F
rates to New York, Baltimoie, Plhiladel- hi
phia and Boston. while the Inter-State tL
Commerce law will give us a decided
advantage in rates to Western cities."
The Boar I of Trade has, by a recent
action, sustained the views of the gen-
tlemen and endorsed the enterprise.
fFiFt:,a the Tat.ch -uaicn .( Auguist "I1.) M
'" 5 r 1 r v*
ThIe company will open in Jackson- pL
ville sale and cold storage rooms and be
warehouses for the receiving, exhibiting n,
for sale, or for the storage of the fruit, bl
The fruit will be offered each day at bh
auction, with the pooling feature some- ti
what amended. The pooling feature is T
this: A and B send to theauction house en
ten boxes of oranges each. These or- ri
auges are equal iu all respects. A's ci
oranges are offered when few buyers
are present to start on. Theygoat.tt.50
per box. B's oranges later, when busi-
ness becomes brisk, go for 42.5b. Make aR
returns at these figures. A would at at
once conclude he had been swindled, and, fi
naturally enough, would uot patronize IC
the auction house. The true market lc
value of that trade of fruit for that day cr
is $2 per box, and that is the return that S
would be made to A and B. Now tor Ii
theamendmeut to the pooling feature. tC
There are growers who believe they pro- ge
duce a superiororange. or that they pack "e
and grade better than many oilher;, and C5
that they have built up a reputation for
their brand. It would be wrong to ask
these growers to pool. Now, to meet ei
this condition, it will be optional with o,
each seller to pool or put his finit upon flo
its merits. io
The seller will be required to signify 6j
before offering his fruit, in writing, G(
which method he desires. Another fea- gi
tureof this home market will be the v(
making of private sales. Sellers and fc
buyers, meeting each other after auction
hours, can arrange such terms of sales as
may suit them, pay charges and remove
the'fruit, thus giving combined auction Fr
with and without pooling, and private P'
sale. Jo
The proposed company would offer jo al
the growers in sections where freezing re
is feared an advance on all fruit stored ta
with them, if au advance Is desired. Iii
sections where freezing is not expected,
the fruit can best be held over ou the cc
trees till February at least-. In these sec- pi
tions the company would be willing to in
take part of the risk by makingadvances at
upon fruit and grove. To establish such es
an enterprise as this purposes to be is no Ac
small task. Its difficult and critical his- be
tory will be written in its first year. The
friends of the enterprise will not unnec-
essarily place burdens upon it, receiving F
the advance whenever they can afford to b3
wait for sales. Yet it would be the puot- u
pose of the company topromptly respond Ci
when called upon, for the vicissitudes a'
through which the growers have recent- fr
ly passed will be fully recognized. a
It is impossible in a newspaper article w
to give the many details attaching to of
this important matter, so I have stated
as Briefly as possible a few of the leading en
features, and will only add now in con-
clusion that the immediate and ultimate
success of this home market movement th
is entirely dependent upon the growers to
themselves. They must nor only preqm- ha
ise their fruit, to be sold in Jacksonvillei an
but take stock and be identified with it. ti(
and not feel that it is an alien. The ef- th
fectdwduld be to bring about a better un- re
derstanding -etween buyer and seller, on
and establbsh that confidence which l
should exist between them. The legiti- ne
mate trade throughout the country is of


giving tie tuovment he-arty endorse-
nent, and the day is comiDg when the
eud"r oft a ci;rcular asking direct ship-
ments will be put down as a snide, and a
i'over who will so consign n ill l.be re-
ardedi as an enemy to his fellows.
SWtHZERLAND, Fla., July *1', lt3$7.


'FhE flo ir, gig tari-e,c o:epl 'Irp' m i1," re-:,rd:l-
StheiN jaek ouriiJe S,,enaf atton bY Sergt J.
W. Smitb. re|.re,-nrs tt-." temperature, condjion
[' n.eatb,>r, l' a Llrl an,] dio.ti.in -: i "l wil tor
.r %%,atber. PA.'ufail and utcrcts :1A-la% r
ae moanin of0 lUi,'t. as ot.,errel at theJacK.
,:,nvllle static:, aJu'ing the pait 15 ye.ir :

Hruip. 'WE A! Of fR

YEARS. -. 1 .
S S, -o o t ;- ^
IhP7" 92 ;1 ,1 7 19 6 V 3 11 NE
18i71 "b 7- 1 i ;2 "" 6 D 1 ,
1874 1'-' lu 1 79 II 1 '6.-9 NE
17.m ti, 'I' 7:' 4 *? ( )0.1 i 3
7o bA I" i-' i 15 4 8 .7 NE
167; 95 ;I 81 17 1 iS :2 NE
S h 'm t .P 83a] '1 1 7 2.8 % SW
1l;9 S". 66 l 1 II T7 l NW E
t18hii ;, .1 S I i) t," sE
1881 9" 7 S i'j r. W i 21' 2 1V
11S2 '4' I'l lP,1 1 r, .r. SW
It6m -, "4 7. I II1 i 7 i- SEE
IS'. 1 t' ,-, i- In ; 6 ." SE
18.5 '-4 Tn ci l; i: 7 5'; SW
i i" ';'t "1 1 '! ; 5"l NE

j. W.SinaMlITH,
!:iirgt. Signal n'o ips. U. S. A.

Groves where Williams, Clark & Co's
)range Tree Fertilizer has been used are
cooking finely.
Ladies' Purchasing Agency.
A New York lady of experience and
aste, enjoying the be-t facilities for
hopping uuder advautageous coudi-
Lions, offei b her set.ices to ladies de:ir-
ing to -ecutie any kind of wearing ap-
arel, toilet articles or household goods.
t New York prices. Send for circular.
addresss MRS. S. S. Jones,
e 1 1'1, Gates Ave.. Brooklyn. N. V.

"We Know by Experience."
For three years we have uel d Brad-
-i's Vegetable" Feitilizer. After teit-
ig along with other high grade fertil-
'ers, 'V-e pronounce it better than any
old in Florida. We shall use it agaiu
Sis year.
We do not hesitate to say to thle vege-
ible growers of Floria 'that they can-
ot use anything so good as Bradley's
lorida Vegetable Fertilizer. e know
y expe,-iene what we say regarding
his lfeitilizer.
Ft. Macon. Fla.

Opinions of the Press.
[From the Southetin Cultivator.]
"The Success of the FLORIDA FAR-"
ER AND FRUiT-GROWER, of Jacksou-
ille. surpas-:es that of any siuilat
publication in America. The )publishers
uem to be over-liberal in giving the
neclhanical part every ,attractionn po:si-
le,. while Editor Curti-s is doing the
iest work of Jtis life. It is a cuirmbina.
on that cannot fail of abundant success.
lie Cultivator is never sorry to see such
ut.erprise rewarded, as we have no
vais to be jealous of, but wish all suc-
fFrom the Gardeners' Monthly]
'-We are continually receiving new
agricultural ventures, but useful as they
ire in their own special fields, we rarely
nd in them anything of special interest
Sthe intelligent class of horticulturists
ir which the Gardfc.er.s' Monnthl/ has to
iLtU-r. We wi-re, therefore, agreeably
irprised on reading among the batch
f exchanges on our table, No. 2 of this
o fud it of a very high order of intelli-
?nce, and one which must have an ex-
ellent effect in fostering Florida's inter-
[From the Texas Farmer.
"Florida is not behind her sister Soutti-
-n States in material progress. It
ught to be called the land of fruits and
owers, for each of these grand divis-
-ns of horticulture are equally at home
ROWER is an ably conducted and ele-
antly printed paper devoted to these
ery topics, to which we refer the reader
ir further information."
[From the Times-Democrat.]
-Editor Curtiss, of the FARMER AND
Ruir-GROWER, evidently struck the
:upular fPUcy when he established that
ui;qgal. Its'succe-s is phenomrenal,dau
though only a few months old. has al-
-adv taken the lead in all matters per-
aini'ng to Soutthern horticulture."
i.From the Florida Baptist Witness.)
tmes to our table regularly and
omptlvy. and is full of interesting and
structive matter. It certainly excels
iv paper we have seen, for Florida
specially. Send to Jacksonville for it.
address as above, and read it awhile and
a convinced.
(Front theGainesville Morning Record.;t
"'We are in receipt of the FLORIDA
' C. H. Jones & Bro., at the, Times-
nion office, and edited' by Prof. A. H.
urtisa. It is first-class in every respect,
nd is a paper which every farmer and
uit grower should have. Its articles
e full of plain, good, common. sense.
'e hope to give our-readers the benefit
many of its articles. Success to the
enterprise "
[From the So. Live Stock Journal.]
"We regret that the first number [of
reach us; but the second shows a very
indsome sheet as to paper, typography
id general make up, while the addi-
onal department is al we expected of
e distinguished editor. Many of our
aders are interested directly and sec-
idarily in everything- connected with
oorida, and we cordially commend this
ew and excellent periodical as worthy
their patronage. With best wishes

for its success, wre welcome this new as-
pirant for public favor and patronage.
teelit'g niasure-d of the good work it will
accomplish in and out of Florida."



JACKIONVILLE, AllgucLt 1'2, 1887.
Other tli- no b:h iU.-. in the |,ro, i,-t.n mar-
ket :, id 'A't: .,-:,. pte''.OtIl:t pr'IiCEu.
The v-nintiued hdroith in th- ?VWet has ,:aoi-_-d
,i tirrrus (e. rin.' 'or tiw neir n,.nta-.
MEATs---.-S. short ribs. boxed. $ 87.,: [. S.
long clear lilt-c, ?'A; .; D. t.ellliE ii"';
smoked short rih, 9975:' smoked bellies, 4 75:
S.. C. hams, crinva-eed.l tancy, I'Ie; c-. noul-
ders,Canv&ssed.8<; CdaliI ] ita oi pict nhi hams,
9' -.c. Lard-r-etincl ticrc'.V':e. cM. -is'_ bcet-
barrels, i Ci; hail biat rei, $5, 676; mes pork,
1tit.9i. Thb-eo .quotatti:ns are lor round lota
from first hands.
BrTTER-Bert tanie, .23.,8c per pound: cook-
ing, 1it, ,._vu per pound.
raini, Flour. Hay. Feed. Hides. Eic.
GRAIN Corn rhe market highb,- .anl.
arvalucinp. The drouth. -ontinues in the.corn
te.llunt rid eirmti bhiolding I'L' hguer eprl.l:e.
Tue ioliowling ligures repreent to-day's values:
\V% 1 uo.[ whitt. ':dt u, lub lots -7c per .Suhel:
car lord.1 -its, Ms' per bushel; mi xed corn, .lob
lots "'' prr no lhr-1; catt load lts, i6e per
bushel. Oats hibhher, i Ln bmp.ithy with Corn,
at the ioniriwinpg Itlrelrt: "Mled. in Job lots,
eK; ear load lots., "': while oats are 3c higher
all around. Bran former, S'iIl pel ton.
a \Y-The mrririct le ulauiErand ver7. scarce.
West-irn chow-ee, _mal 6aiEtSl.V-i'.,2i)() nper
toa; u-ar loau,: l.:.. il'i :,1 p r ton; Easternb hay,
SI1 CO per ton.
PZA.,L littII- AND MIE.\L-t Ir; .1:4': meal
-.3 YI _..r p brarr l.
FLo-rW.-- iKr: ,,l et pat-nt[, R., 1 551F;
tOu' fm1l. nj f1i -,i4 ,; i:.; crii'.oj iI-u. i- 22.
PEA..-Mix,:d 91. whip s i i.'-, Acay l -30.
ORM.UNL. FErz,-Pe1r to.Li. -4 LA").
't FE-3'r-L-., P.U "i,,2-ic pr pound; Java,
t-di, .5.' i'.j,.; Mo.:n.hi; roa.ited, .:35c; plo,
rof.ta-l te -. ,iii. i.
":,i--NN EEDnI MIEAL-Deriiind lighlt. ._a
lltid or dairk mr _ai, F '' t9,.iI, H I'.r ton;
uin.-hLt ir ci'ti:-v[ o:.ttOn meal., 21 50.122 5,1 per
r' ''~o .,SrrM-i-Morki-tt qujct but firm at
tljri. .Lt .'n i' p,: r IOQn.
Lrn.e.-E',tm ru,'i:) narrt, io.r cl X.1, tlu) -r.r-
Ile it.: ,6 41 '., ie-i ltni I Il d l Ci. ,l.I '.DUlanam.- litt-
1 1'.. Cen..-at-Anmeruc:nj 32',"';; Engslish i325
pei t.,,, r r i.
RICE-Tnie ,ti.IUat'Ii,:,nS vary. ae,-irdiug to
qutantiyV. inl :5'., *.t rI:' hP-r p.ini.
.AiL-Liuv'Itpt.pO p,-r suck, li.nt'; p.-it ar
itu i-i "y, tl. '., p .; p r pin:,.ir, dt ti t,:lra-,
1.3 -t; niv, .'_.uutt'y di; .- n- d 11 enr-tu;
but L, "i'c- dl L 7 _it,-,i ,," I t --. K, l I' t rV t, ,
v.,- '., r.iE, sa [ti ii' .-il-.:. Ft I --(tt.i r, p n-iuut r,
eri- *."':- S 'l".', 'i *- :r lr l'5 iS rn'ni; wid *:at
e .'la ...l In .. o : n. r, I-, .- L n t % iId .
liJ it-, -.t.-:i.-; tfox ti, t. i ,: lnt. B,- iw. x. per
o:.,in., 1V .:'ti-; or.,l, te- iil.m lu'i li. ,
centl; lIjtitli i-3l- '5:Lbta; gOit st SKn ut:,nhs
Country Prodcnee.
CnuEE-E-Flj ,Citeamni,-rr7 6cnt- per rpoLnd.
LiVE PoiU.1Ti%-Liited s.tpply and g.--od
d'-mar i'n a tIOWv't : Hn.-n S -'e.ut;: nmxed .30
erent.s: bili g'rown ', ii :-nt. Tne.5-y aoi..arl.e
arn I' '. -r- itd:ruand.
E,.,i --i .riiVal{Courly.','-',':-Ltt> perdOzcO w',ttj
-...d.ti dema-cid and Wimned supply.
l.Rr'jPorFAT.:.E-i-N.:rhoi orihe>:icEt-.,i927:.r'e
bi,.t l; 'c-nni-s, e p1itrots2 'ii., .
'Nlt.:.N--w7-t.itiL pe:r batrr-l $i60, New Yrrik
.., 7' per t.'rii-I:.
Ni-, Y.'r 'a' '.bae,;,: !l'Z.Uc p-r head.
NEw BEETr -New 5r, ik ':;5 per barrel.
Iota .purr--N.-s- Yori, per craIe. fI i''.
rN- RLP--Ruia Baga vl'ety 223"0 per oar-
S .- H Pe r ci t t* 1 2I .
SNAP BEANS-Pet ctat-, ,e.
(Uct'ISBER--Per box, St iN).
Foreign and Domestie Fruils.
PpuNaEs-Fret'-Ih, 12c.
Pr7NE.PPtEL'-E 1 7.. 'Z2 ("i per doze-D.
LEt.''-_StM_. -inans. ,.2.'2 per b.x.
Fi,.i-In luv,t , l'ic.
DATEs--P'.ie6u--B.:ix;, 'c); Frri',, 7c.
N 'Sr-Airmoud- 1Sk; Biaili] 12-e; Filbert
I'sic.lvy '',; Enrffltihs waln.te, Grren.tbI, IS:
Maruott 1.5, P-.'?ans L2c; Pe-mtits it-; Coco:a-
nitts$2'u'l per huiindri-d
R.tiiiNi-Lonoa layers, .922 per bos.
Bo rTEF.t NE--Creamery 2-; Extra 'Dairy IC':;
Ditiiry 15.-.
('Eas'E--Hifiskt.m Iln: cream Ijc> per pound.
P t..\ nEa -G,' ,Ltt Ii, t,575c p,-r crF,':.
APPLets--,ie''-r-nit, e'J'T.c per crate; d 76r5.-
-l ,.., l.< r i., i'1'?1.
LE C''N'iE PAR.S--2.) pe1 r Cuitlt, S.'O pi-
barrel; Fi.mihuib Bituty Pear S-. ',i'-i 225 pr
baiL i; .&rrtI.
Thi Aoiloenvi ,li.itat.UUi are caief-lLiy re-
vi-,d ,-r W%'-dn-eday' nd Satujrday'i paper
l'rim .iiiotai,[:.n i'urt]ihc:d by deSderLs n thb,
CIty M,', rk t: ..
Nw VYork criblva.-, whc.le-la,, ant 2 ''..ii2 00,
per b iarei. tnd ietatil at l2-,i.l5ce is.
M.i-..-t P.:lt ,...- inn .i.l?'s.l.- .it 5i1 ;5' per bush.?l
and retftl at two ,u'.lt I for 15 iceut.3.
Paisunip- ,-toisai,- at )i :.nite per uunhdrd,
atd re.il adat tIuir rand rivef lcor 1t cerI.
E.--e- at in fair demand. Dtval county ?-egs
aIe' qu,ted at whiolesale at 14,115 cents per
d'-.,zen, and retail il t) )ce-nta.
-B,-ton, mrurr.wtfat ;iqhe, wbhol.e-al:- at
N) pei-r barrel, and retail at 5, 10 and 1.5 cents
New York IrlIh potatoes wholesale at $'25.Yh
2 7 p" I. r brrrIl, and ri.tai at 10 cents per quart,
or Lwo qual t16 lor 1.5 eent.
Live poultry-.'hlfkene wbhoie-:ale at uI,.-k5
CeLbts ealb; I eti ft at 4l&i5) cnts, each. Drcssed
poultiy, perI po:,utnd-chieken, Ietail, 1 cents.
Nortl' ttIl imeats retail as forlows: Chicago
be.efl"'a i-ernuts per pound; Florida beef 8ta15
eLr-tti pci pound; real % i2.U.& tent;; poru 125l1.5
cenut.; muttou lii c,420,.nts, venison 25 cents;
auiage 1'5I c. uts; corri:-d eef Ile.'r cents.
Watrmelours wholesale at 816ti20 per han-
dred, atd -retild for 25..0tf cents; ie watermel-
Ons IS4 ts511'cenIs.
Oreen Corn wholesale at 15@l) cents per
dozen, and retaU at'25 ceuts.
Okra wholesale at ,5&a40 ceut-, .per peck, and
ruttid. At I0 cents, or two qutart"or 15 cents.
Egg Plants wholesale at 8.5,-40 cents per
dozen, and retIali-at Il0 c.n-ts, each.
Northern ruta baga ttirnlps82Ei per barrel,
two quarlts for 15 cents.

NEW YORK, August 12.-There Is no abate-
ment of Interest, n the tobacco market.
Pricesarostill tendlngupward, and thede-
mand Is very strong.
RICHMOND, August 12.-Lea" tobacco is
firm. Recelptssaregood, but sellers and buy-
ers seem to be holding aloof, owing to the
unsettled market In New York.
LOUISVILLE, August 12.-The market Is
firm and prices looking -upward. Auction
sales of leaf ranged from about 625 per hun
died down to 56.
SAVA.NNAH,. August 15.-The Upland Cot.
ton market closed quiet at the following quo-
tatlions: '
Middling fair 9
Good m iddling.......................... 11
,Mlddlngt 10(%
Low mdling- ,_10%
Good ordinary 10-
The net. receipts were 13 bales; (new) gross
receIpts 13 bales; sales 18 bales; stock- at this
port 821 bales.
'[he market Is quiet and nominal atun-
changed quotations. LIltU stock for sale and
scarcely any anteying. "
Common F oridas 15
Medium 16 -
Good Medliin' 17 -
Meditm n ne........ ": "
Fine -- J920-.
Extra Fine .: --
Choice "'"$8

R N. ELtIsc. a. A. K. IteCEtFEK, Architect.

R N. ELLI13,C. A. EI. CoLtRE, Axrchtect.

Architocts & Civil En eginers,
Plans for .
P 0. ox 784. Rooms? and 8 Palmetto Block
Bay Street. .
ANTED. .. .
A tenBant who understands, the rearing and
shipment of garden truck andlfruit,, tocnltivate-
a large farm and orange roves on shares. Best
of hanimock land amntIau anuaal prodduct orf
about 100,0i00 oranges A man with two or three-
boys large'enough and got afraid, to ,wofkscan-
hear of a rare chance by application to the tun-
dorslgned,ac Manaree, Fla. -
References required. H. VISER.

-. -- - 7.-ct ~
- - -- --'.ss~--'-------i--2t-
a- -t 2- :1ct*~~ -< ro---~.' ( --- -.
-e .-. ~--iA~-;. .. e- --:-*..-. fl-Ant -T-rtAXt23.


AW i J




Absolutely Pure.
This powder never varies. A marvel oat
purity. sttengthb and whc1,ci-menes. uMore
economI'al than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot h,.: sold In competition with thbe
multitude 0of low iest, short welu'ht alum or
V pboepn .i P 1: I's. 4S ci.'i in -ci.,
':.YA'L BAKINO POWDER CO., i Vall V at..
Newi York.


A. B. Campbell,

Wb.r Pilu.i. Hfiairie Pi0:0, V-.i. Pianesi..
M.rt P,'ur,-. u;l.:'ugti n Warrer, Or,:'an .
Wi'.'r.:. .x XV tire i-Hg ,ne, Pet.:.iijrt 4tiandari
W''' ii, -
I wi '- ii *tnL d l v-i .ter at Y:our nJ'e't -t'uth l.L
Hi fri G r~a,:




For ler nt,:,'ev than any thllr .oai L .-liue
Unit',J Srate. i wi l sn;_p a Piano c.r iOrgan [t
anvy hunest man )or woman. on ti-al, hnd'LI 1301t
safisi ict,:.rn. I wtil pay ire.-ht both waV-. 4.'26
cah and, ,l",a aoutai :,n a Piana, and i0 casan
ann V. a m,:,nth ..n en *Organ rh paid focr-nct
nuit more6 [tian an orduinary rent On tbae-
very liL.t-rfal errnm ar,.-ne 'an ni an tn-n-ru-
niEnt. Sen- tir FREE CATALOGLrE contarnt.-
ing tilt information. Sheet Motei, Strings.
Vioilns, Bianjoa, Guilira, Ac',orideuas, an-i, ri..-
iart, eve-ry -mucical insortanient-that iv made,-
an.al at verr lw |.rc-s. Snd f,'r conmpiete Cat-"
aIcguei. 1 have 2-),ii'i0 pieeei ,of ohboice ei
at" cnt en lper .upy.


Geinie Wasiugtlon aii Donble Impemrial lvels
Order Now it you wish to be in time.
We off-r fu-r Fall and Winter Deliverv a chotice-
Ailo, tl. VILLA FRANCA,beat and hbardiet of
Le-m-,n'. Aiso.Eatriy pansh' Jaffa, Maiiorca,
M'ir'a Orvs, and, nerlv all vearieucs ot Orange,
Lemon and Line 'We al" offer fo:r tr e
first timing t.- Florids orange growers the
UMoct Pi.:.llWc N%,rei xnown, and the
Winter Park, Orange Connty, Fla
(Leepcd:da striala and Paspalum platycoule.)
Illustiated and described in FLOnUDA FARUaEL
Supplied at 81.00 per thousand,.
T. K. -ODBEY. Waldo. Florida.
T. IC. GODBEY. Waldo. Florida.-